Sample records for knowledge discovery framework

  1. Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework Recognized at National...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Knowledge Discovery Framework (KDF) is bringing together the bioenergy community through Web-based tools, and was presented by Bioenergy KDF team members from Oak Ridge National...

  2. Biofuel Distribution Datasets from the Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework invites users to discover the power of bioenergy through an interface that provides extensive access to research data and literature, GIS mapping tools, and collaborative networks. The Bioenergy KDF supports efforts to develop a robust and sustainable bioenergy industry. The KDF facilitates informed decision making by providing a means to synthesize, analyze, and visualize vast amounts of information in a relevant and succinct manner. It harnesses Web 2.0 and social networking technologies to build a collective knowledge system that can better examine the economic and environmental impacts of development options for biomass feedstock production, biorefineries, and related infrastructure. [copied from https://www.bioenergykdf.net/content/about] Holdings include datasets, models, and maps and the collections are growing due to both DOE contributions and individuals' data uploads.

  3. Biofuel Production Datasets from DOE's Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework (KDF)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework invites users to discover the power of bioenergy through an interface that provides extensive access to research data and literature, GIS mapping tools, and collaborative networks. The Bioenergy KDF supports efforts to develop a robust and sustainable bioenergy industry. The KDF facilitates informed decision making by providing a means to synthesize, analyze, and visualize vast amounts of information in a relevant and succinct manner. It harnesses Web 2.0 and social networking technologies to build a collective knowledge system that can better examine the economic and environmental impacts of development options for biomass feedstock production, biorefineries, and related infrastructure. [copied from https://www.bioenergykdf.net/content/about]

    Holdings include datasets, models, and maps and the collections arel growing due to both DOE contributions and data uploads from individuals.

  4. Feedstock Production Datasets from the Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework invites users to discover the power of bioenergy through an interface that provides extensive access to research data and literature, GIS mapping tools, and collaborative networks. The Bioenergy KDF supports efforts to develop a robust and sustainable bioenergy industry. The KDF facilitates informed decision making by providing a means to synthesize, analyze, and visualize vast amounts of information in a relevant and succinct manner. It harnesses Web 2.0 and social networking technologies to build a collective knowledge system that can better examine the economic and environmental impacts of development options for biomass feedstock production, biorefineries, and related infrastructure. [copied from https://www.bioenergykdf.net/content/about] Holdings include datasets, models, and maps and the collections are growing due to both DOE contributions and data uploads from individuals.

  5. Feedstock Logistics Datasets from DOE's Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework (KDF)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework invites users to discover the power of bioenergy through an interface that provides extensive access to research data and literature, GIS mapping tools, and collaborative networks. The Bioenergy KDF supports efforts to develop a robust and sustainable bioenergy industry. The KDF facilitates informed decision making by providing a means to synthesize, analyze, and visualize vast amounts of information in a relevant and succinct manner. It harnesses Web 2.0 and social networking technologies to build a collective knowledge system that can better examine the economic and environmental impacts of development options for biomass feedstock production, biorefineries, and related infrastructure. Holdings include datasets, models, and maps. [from https://www.bioenergykdf.net/content/about

  6. Biofuel Enduse Datasets from the Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework (KDF)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework invites users to discover the power of bioenergy through an interface that provides extensive access to research data and literature, GIS mapping tools, and collaborative networks. The Bioenergy KDF supports efforts to develop a robust and sustainable bioenergy industry. The KDF facilitates informed decision making by providing a means to synthesize, analyze, and visualize vast amounts of information in a relevant and succinct manner. It harnesses Web 2.0 and social networking technologies to build a collective knowledge system that can better examine the economic and environmental impacts of development options for biomass feedstock production, biorefineries, and related infrastructure. [copied from https://www.bioenergykdf.net/content/about]

    Holdings include datasets, models, and maps. This is a very new resource, but the collections will grow due to both DOE contributions and individualsÆ data uploads. Currently the Biofuel Enduse collection includes 133 items. Most of these are categorized as literature, but 36 are listed as datasets and ten as models.

  7. Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework (KDF)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTie Ltd: ScopeDepartment1, 2011

  8. A Scalable Framework for Cyber Attack Discovery and Situational...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Scalable Framework for Cyber Attack Discovery and Situational Understanding (SITU) May 15, 2013 Problem Statement: Cyber attacks cost commercial and governmental organizations vast...

  9. Intelligent Mobile Agents for Information Retrieval and Knowledge Discovery from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Honavar, Vasant

    or software agents for intelligent, selective, and context­sensitive data gathering and data assimilation assimilation, and knowl­ edge discovery using heterogeneous, distributed data and knowledge sources. (See [1Intelligent Mobile Agents for Information Retrieval and Knowledge Discovery from Distributed Data

  10. I' om Data Mining to Knowledge Discovery: Usama M. Fayyad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raghavan, Vijay

    I' om Data Mining to Knowledge Discovery: Overview Usama M. Fayyad Jet Propulsion Laboratory knowledge discovery and data ~g. We begin with a definition of the KDD process and basic data mining :=c on the order of 50 giga- bytes of remotely sensed image data per hour when operational in the late 1990s

  11. Knowledge Framework Implementation with Multiple Architectures - 13090

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Upadhyay, H.; Lagos, L.; Quintero, W.; Shoffner, P. [Applied Research Center, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33174 (United States)] [Applied Research Center, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33174 (United States); DeGregory, J. [Office of D and D and Facility Engineering, Environmental Management, Department of Energy (United States)] [Office of D and D and Facility Engineering, Environmental Management, Department of Energy (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Multiple kinds of knowledge management systems are operational in public and private enterprises, large and small organizations with a variety of business models that make the design, implementation and operation of integrated knowledge systems very difficult. In recent days, there has been a sweeping advancement in the information technology area, leading to the development of sophisticated frameworks and architectures. These platforms need to be used for the development of integrated knowledge management systems which provides a common platform for sharing knowledge across the enterprise, thereby reducing the operational inefficiencies and delivering cost savings. This paper discusses the knowledge framework and architecture that can be used for the system development and its application to real life need of nuclear industry. A case study of deactivation and decommissioning (D and D) is discussed with the Knowledge Management Information Tool platform and framework. D and D work is a high priority activity across the Department of Energy (DOE) complex. Subject matter specialists (SMS) associated with DOE sites, the Energy Facility Contractors Group (EFCOG) and the D and D community have gained extensive knowledge and experience over the years in the cleanup of the legacy waste from the Manhattan Project. To prevent the D and D knowledge and expertise from being lost over time from the evolving and aging workforce, DOE and the Applied Research Center (ARC) at Florida International University (FIU) proposed to capture and maintain this valuable information in a universally available and easily usable system. (authors)

  12. The Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework (KDF)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up from theDepartment of Energy TechnicalFlow RoomTexas(EAP)AtomicThe Big Picture

  13. Knowledge Discovery, Knowledge Management and Enterprise-Wide Information Technology Tools Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patton, Robert M [ORNL; Symons, Christopher T [ORNL; Gorman, Bryan L [ORNL; Treadwell, Jim N [ORNL

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A final report on an ORNL task to establish a knowledge discovery and management tool to retrieve and recommend information from existing S&T documents for the Office of Naval Research Global.

  14. Knowledge discovery using data mined from Nuclear Magnetic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narasayya, Vivek

    Knowledge discovery using data mined from Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectral images William J cyberinfrastructure · Method ­ Solid State ab initio calculations ­ Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) ­ Support Vector refined (and/or relaxed) structure, perform Self-Consistent Field calculation for electronic structure

  15. E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptation knowledge discovery Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    enhanced discovery of scientific resources, including publications... ) is a knowledge infrastructure with a web-based interface that aims to provide enhanced tools for the...

  16. M2MI Service Discovery Middleware Framework Hans-Peter Bischof, Joel Varela Donado

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bischof, Hans-Peter

    M2MI Service Discovery Middleware Framework Hans-Peter Bischof, Joel Varela Donado Rochester.rit.edu Abstract. The Many-to-Many-Invocation (M2MI) Service Discovery Middleware Framework provides an API for publishing, providing, and using services in a serverless ad hoc network of devices imple- menting the M2MI

  17. Chapter Title Fundamentals of Spatial Data Warehousing for Geographic Knowledge Discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapter Title Fundamentals of Spatial Data Warehousing for Geographic Knowledge Discovery YVAN for spatial data warehousing) 2. Concepts and architectures of data warehouses 3. Spatial data warehousing 4. Conclusion: Challenges of spatial data warehousing for geographic knowledge discovery #12;1. Introduction

  18. Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (KDDM) survey report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phillips, Laurence R.; Jordan, Danyelle N.; Bauer, Travis L.; Elmore, Mark T. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN); Treadwell, Jim N. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN); Homan, Rossitza A.; Chapman, Leon Darrel; Spires, Shannon V.

    2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The large number of government and industry activities supporting the Unit of Action (UA), with attendant documents, reports and briefings, can overwhelm decision-makers with an overabundance of information that hampers the ability to make quick decisions often resulting in a form of gridlock. In particular, the large and rapidly increasing amounts of data and data formats stored on UA Advanced Collaborative Environment (ACE) servers has led to the realization that it has become impractical and even impossible to perform manual analysis leading to timely decisions. UA Program Management (PM UA) has recognized the need to implement a Decision Support System (DSS) on UA ACE. The objective of this document is to research the commercial Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (KDDM) market and publish the results in a survey. Furthermore, a ranking mechanism based on UA ACE-specific criteria has been developed and applied to a representative set of commercially available KDDM solutions. In addition, an overview of four R&D areas identified as critical to the implementation of DSS on ACE is provided. Finally, a comprehensive database containing detailed information on surveyed KDDM tools has been developed and is available upon customer request.

  19. Systems and methods for knowledge discovery in spatial data

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Obradovic, Zoran; Fiez, Timothy E.; Vucetic, Slobodan; Lazarevic, Aleksandar; Pokrajac, Dragoljub; Hoskinson, Reed L.

    2005-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Systems and methods are provided for knowledge discovery in spatial data as well as to systems and methods for optimizing recipes used in spatial environments such as may be found in precision agriculture. A spatial data analysis and modeling module is provided which allows users to interactively and flexibly analyze and mine spatial data. The spatial data analysis and modeling module applies spatial data mining algorithms through a number of steps. The data loading and generation module obtains or generates spatial data and allows for basic partitioning. The inspection module provides basic statistical analysis. The preprocessing module smoothes and cleans the data and allows for basic manipulation of the data. The partitioning module provides for more advanced data partitioning. The prediction module applies regression and classification algorithms on the spatial data. The integration module enhances prediction methods by combining and integrating models. The recommendation module provides the user with site-specific recommendations as to how to optimize a recipe for a spatial environment such as a fertilizer recipe for an agricultural field.

  20. Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework Recognized at National Conference |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: Top Five EEREDepartment ofEnergyEnergyBetterMakeTransportation

  1. The Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework (KDF) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: AlternativeEnvironment,Institutes and1Telework Telework The Department'sBlog »Clean Energy

  2. ITERATE: A Conceptual Clustering Knowledge Discovery in Databases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    exploration and geology? It is common knowledge that drilling costs for new o shore prospects are in the range in drilling technology and data collection methods have led to oil companies and ancilliary companies new plays and prospects. A possible solution may be in developing the capability for retrieving

  3. Spatial data mining and geographic knowledge discovery--An introduction Diansheng Guo a,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spatial data mining and geographic knowledge discovery--An introduction Diansheng Guo a,1 , Jeremy methods to extract unknown and unexpected information from spatial data sets of unprecedentedly large size, high dimensionality, and complexity. To address these challenges, spatial data mining and geographic

  4. Extending the hierarchical systems knowledge representation framework : interfacing with geographic information systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phillips, Reesa Brooke

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents the design and implementation of a geographic information systems framework in which engineering systems can be created and analyzed. This framework extends the hierarchical systems knowledge representation ...

  5. A design performance driven learning framework for conceptual design knowledge : methodology development and applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaiworawitkul, Sakda, 1977-

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis develops a learning framework for automation of acquisition of bridge conceptual design knowledge. The thesis proposes a new learning methodology explicitly aimed at capturing quality design aspects to help ...

  6. Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery 1, 2953 (1997) c 1997 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Manufactured in The Netherlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cafarella, Michael J.

    Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery 1, 29­53 (1997) c 1997 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Manufactured in The Netherlands. Data Cube: A Relational Aggregation Operator Generalizing Group-By, Cross-Tab, and Sub-Totals JIM of these operators. This paper defines that operator, called the data cube or simply cube. The cube operator

  7. J. Neville and D. Jensen (2002). Supporting relational knowledge discovery: Lessons in architecture and algorithm design. Papers of the ICML 2002 Workshop on Data Mining Lessons Learned.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neville, Jennifer

    and algorithm design. Papers of the ICML 2002 Workshop on Data Mining Lessons Learned. Supporting Relational of the lessons we have learned developing a relational knowledge discovery system. The relationships among dataJ. Neville and D. Jensen (2002). Supporting relational knowledge discovery: Lessons in architecture

  8. Statistical modeling of medical indexing processes for biomedical knowledge information discovery from text

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tresp, Volker

    Munich, Germany bundschu@dbs.ifi.lmu.de Mathaeus Dejori Integrated Data Systems Dep. Siemens Corporate Research 755 College Road East Princeton, NJ 08540, USA mathaeus.dejori@siemens.com Shipeng Yu CAD & Knowledge Solutions Siemens Medical Solutions 51 Valley Stream Parkway Malvern, PA 19355, USA shipeng.yu@siemens

  9. Knowledge-based Scienti c Discovery in Geological Databases Cen Li and Gautam Biswas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is be- coming crucial in oil exploration and production. It is common knowledge in the oil industry/geological data from production wells and exploration sites, and then organizing them into large databases. Can estimates of oil and gas reserves ?" In qualitative terms, good recoverable reserves have high hydrocarbon

  10. Cup 2001 of The Seventh ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge discovery and data mining USA/ San Francisco, August 26-29,2001.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    under study, with would be the binding activity, cancer diagnostic (Werner 2001), collagen & thrombosisCup 2001 of The Seventh ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge discovery and data mining candidate molecules given requirements may be useful, determining what separates the active (binding

  11. Proceedings of the CIB W78-W102 2011: International Conference Sophia Antipolis, France, 26-28 October ANALYSIS AND KNOWLEDGE DISCOVERY FROM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to optimise the energy efficiency of different types of buildings or group of buildings, including data-28 October ANALYSIS AND KNOWLEDGE DISCOVERY FROM SENSORS DATA TO IMPROVE ENERGY EFFICIENCY Xavier Vasques, Ph Emmanuelle Passot, IBM Specialist Benoit Lange / PhD Student IBM Montpellier, Product and Solution Support

  12. 41. DISCOVERY, SEARCH, AND COMMUNICATION OF TEXTUAL KNOWLEDGE RESOURCES IN DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS a. Discovering and Utilizing Knowledge Sources for Metasearch Knowledge Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zamora, Antonio

    2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Advanced Natural Language Processing Tools for Web Information Retrieval, Content Analysis, and Synthesis. The goal of this SBIR was to implement and evaluate several advanced Natural Language Processing (NLP) tools and techniques to enhance the precision and relevance of search results by analyzing and augmenting search queries and by helping to organize the search output obtained from heterogeneous databases and web pages containing textual information of interest to DOE and the scientific-technical user communities in general. The SBIR investigated 1) the incorporation of spelling checkers in search applications, 2) identification of significant phrases and concepts using a combination of linguistic and statistical techniques, and 3) enhancement of the query interface and search retrieval results through the use of semantic resources, such as thesauri. A search program with a flexible query interface was developed to search reference databases with the objective of enhancing search results from web queries or queries of specialized search systems such as DOE's Information Bridge. The DOE ETDE/INIS Joint Thesaurus was processed to create a searchable database. Term frequencies and term co-occurrences were used to enhance the web information retrieval by providing algorithmically-derived objective criteria to organize relevant documents into clusters containing significant terms. A thesaurus provides an authoritative overview and classification of a field of knowledge. By organizing the results of a search using the thesaurus terminology, the output is more meaningful than when the results are just organized based on the terms that co-occur in the retrieved documents, some of which may not be significant. An attempt was made to take advantage of the hierarchy provided by broader and narrower terms, as well as other field-specific information in the thesauri. The search program uses linguistic morphological routines to find relevant entries regardless of whether terms are stored in singular or plural form. Implementation of additional inflectional morphology processes for verbs can enhance retrieval further, but this has to be balanced by the possibility of broadening the results too much. In addition to the DOE energy thesaurus, other sources of specialized organized knowledge such as the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH), the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS), and Wikipedia were investigated. The supporting role of the NLP thesaurus search program was enhanced by incorporating spelling aid and a part-of-speech tagger to cope with misspellings in the queries and to determine the grammatical roles of the query words and identify nouns for special processing. To improve precision, multiple modes of searching were implemented including Boolean operators, and field-specific searches. Programs to convert a thesaurus or reference file into searchable support files can be deployed easily, and the resulting files are immediately searchable to produce relevance-ranked results with builtin spelling aid, morphological processing, and advanced search logic. Demonstration systems were built for several databases, including the DOE energy thesaurus.

  13. Using domain-specific and generic knowledge to support discovery learning about geometrical optics in a computer-based simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . These studies aimed at clarifying some of the constraints of discovery learning in computer-based simulations to elicit scientific discovery learning behavior. The Optics simulation offers a versatile and dynamic discovery learning processes, all actions that students performed in the Optics simulation were registered

  14. Supercomputing | Knowledge Discovery | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security AdministrationcontrollerNanocrystalline Gallium OxideSumin Kim SuminManzanoInfrastructure SHAREPrimary

  15. Supercomputing | Knowledge Discovery | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    suitable for forensics analysis and the dose to the collector tasked to retrieve forensic samples. Automate the planning of forensic collection missions. SCIPUFF Server May...

  16. A Framework for Incorporating General Domain Knowledge into Latent Dirichlet Allocation using First-Order Logic

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andrzejewski, D; Zhu, X; Craven, M; Recht, B

    2011-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Topic models have been used successfully for a variety of problems, often in the form of application-specific extensions of the basic Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) model. Because deriving these new models in order to encode domain knowledge can be difficult and time-consuming, we propose the Fold-all model, which allows the user to specify general domain knowledge in First-Order Logic (FOL). However, combining topic modeling with FOL can result in inference problems beyond the capabilities of existing techniques. We have therefore developed a scalable inference technique using stochastic gradient descent which may also be useful to the Markov Logic Network (MLN) research community. Experiments demonstrate the expressive power of Fold-all, as well as the scalability of our proposed inference method.

  17. The practice of design is at the central core of engineering. While the basic sciences are concerned with the discovery of new knowledge, engineering is concerned with the application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chini, Gregory P.

    a synthesis of creativity, basic scientific knowledge, engineering analysis and project management skillsDesign The practice of design is at the central core of engineering. While the basic sciences are concerned with the discovery of new knowledge, engineering is concerned with the application of existing

  18. A KNOWLEDGE DISCOVERY STRATEGY FOR RELATING SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURES TO FREQUENCIES OF TROPICAL STORMS AND GENERATING PREDICTIONS OF HURRICANES UNDER 21ST-CENTURY GLOBAL WARMING SCENARIOS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Race, Caitlin [University of Minnesota; Steinbach, Michael [University of Minnesota; Ganguly, Auroop R [ORNL; Semazzi, Fred [North Carolina State University; Kumar, Vipin [University of Minnesota

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The connections among greenhouse-gas emissions scenarios, global warming, and frequencies of hurricanes or tropical cyclones are among the least understood in climate science but among the most fiercely debated in the context of adaptation decisions or mitigation policies. Here we show that a knowledge discovery strategy, which leverages observations and climate model simulations, offers the promise of developing credible projections of tropical cyclones based on sea surface temperatures (SST) in a warming environment. While this study motivates the development of new methodologies in statistics and data mining, the ability to solve challenging climate science problems with innovative combinations of traditional and state-of-the-art methods is demonstrated. Here we develop new insights, albeit in a proof-of-concept sense, on the relationship between sea surface temperatures and hurricane frequencies, and generate the most likely projections with uncertainty bounds for storm counts in the 21st-century warming environment based in turn on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report on Emissions Scenarios. Our preliminary insights point to the benefits that can be achieved for climate science and impacts analysis, as well as adaptation and mitigation policies, by a solution strategy that remains tailored to the climate domain and complements physics-based climate model simulations with a combination of existing and new computational and data science approaches.

  19. Discovery from Contributed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Winston H.

    Knowledge Discovery from Community- Contributed Multimedia Tao Mei Microsoft Research Asia Winston drastically increased the volume of community-contributed multimedia. For example, there are reportedly more. Such a vast amount of photos, videos, and music shared via websites is bound to exert a profound social impact

  20. Method and system for knowledge discovery using non-linear statistical analysis and a 1st and 2nd tier computer program

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hively, Lee M. (Philadelphia, TN)

    2011-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention relates to a method and apparatus for simultaneously processing different sources of test data into informational data and then processing different categories of informational data into knowledge-based data. The knowledge-based data can then be communicated between nodes in a system of multiple computers according to rules for a type of complex, hierarchical computer system modeled on a human brain.

  1. Discovery Channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lovley, Derek

    and sonar to spot passing ships and submarines. And, for people living in poor, remote communitiesDiscovery Channel :: Bacteria Power: Future Energy? Page 1 September 10, 2003 EDT Bacteria Power: Energy Of The Future? AFP R. ferriducens: "Bacterial Battery" Sept. 9, 2003 -- U

  2. Applications of motif discovery in biological data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Styczynski, Mark Philip-Walter

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sequential motif discovery, the ability to identify conserved patterns in ordered datasets without a priori knowledge of exactly what those patterns will be, is a frequently encountered and difficult problem in computational ...

  3. Knowledge Discovery in Spatial Databases Martin Ester

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ester, Martin

    and their interactions with each other. Most companies, governmental agencies and scientific organizations use DBMS with ex­ isting DBMS. Thus, the second goal is to propose methods of efficiently supporting spatial data mining algorithms by a DBMS. Our approach centers around a new set of database primitives for mining

  4. Machine learning approaches to biochemical knowledge discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hofle, Michael David

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sequences. The second database used was a collection of three-dimensional protein structures. This data was used to study the contact environments surrounding disulfide bonds and to determine the constraints on the protein's three-dimensional structure...

  5. SEME FRAMEWORK

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    003284MLTPL00 Sequentially Executed Model Evaluation Framework  https://software.sandia.gov/svn/teva/canary 

  6. Decades of Discovery

    DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

    2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For the past two-and-a-half decades, the Office of Science at the U.S. Department of Energy has been at the forefront of scientific discovery. Over 100 important discoveries supported by the Office of Science are represented in this document.

  7. Wyre Community Discovery Centre Wyre Community Discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    boiler and the building must be carefully considered. Ideally have an all-year-round need to balance use wood chip boiler provides heating and hot water to the Discovery Centre. The boiler is fuelled using contractor to chip and store locally-sourced timber. Hot water from the boiler is stored in an accumulator

  8. The requirements discovery process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bahill, A.T. [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States). Systems and Industrial Engineering; Dean, F.F. [Sandia National Lab., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cost and schedule overruns are often caused by poor requirements that are produced by people who do not understand the requirement process. This paper provides a high-level overview of the requirements discovery process.

  9. Constructibility review process framework for transportation facilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liman, Majed

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Constructibility is the optimum use of construction knowledge and experience in planning, design, procurement, and field operations in order to achieve overall project objectives ("Constructibility: a primer" 1986). This Thesis presents a framework...

  10. False Discovery Control in Large-Scale Spatial Multiple Wenguang Sun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, T. Tony

    is one of the six criteria pollutants regulated by the US EPA under the Clean Air Act and has been linkedFalse Discovery Control in Large-Scale Spatial Multiple Testing Wenguang Sun University of Southern and computational framework for false discovery control in multiple testing of spatial signals. We consider both

  11. Knowledge discovery in corporate email : the compliance bot meets Enron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waterman, K. Krasnow

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I propose the creation of a real-time compliance "bot" - software to momentarily pause each employee's email at the moment of sending and to electronically assess whether that email is likely to create liability or ...

  12. Exploration of Complex Objects structure for Knowledge Discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valtchev, Petko

    8 e­mail : valtchev@info.uqam.ca, missaoui.rokia@uqam.ca Abstract The evolution of database management systems (DBMS) leans towards an increasing structura­ tion of the data models used. Recent in object­ relational DBMS, we believe that there is an urgent need to investigate that topic. In this paper

  13. 4 A Statistical Perspective on Knowledge Discovery in Databases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boetticher, Gary D.

    methods. Following ideas of G. E. P. Box and J. W. Tukey, Huber 1964 and Hampel 1974 formalized the notion characterizes the notion that statistical insights and modeling are driven by data. John Tukey 1977; Mosteller and Tukey, 1Basically re ecting R. A. Fisher's insight Statistical Methods for Researchers, 1924

  14. Smart drug discovery leveraging innovative technologies and predictive knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    the risk of failure. Owing to the integration of key in silico and experimental tools. A positive aspect of this paradigm shift includes faster,strategic decision making with respect to drug targets from the human genome pro- vides opportunities for detailed analysis of structure and function

  15. Raptor: An Enterprise Knowledge Discovery Engine - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared at 278, 298, andEpidermal Growth Factor. | EMSLusing

  16. E-Print Network 3.0 - advance scientific discovery Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    57 Draft 2-5-06 Draft 2-5-06 Summary: of the universe. Discoveries across this broad range of scientific disciplines promise to advance human knowledge... experiments in...

  17. A Scalable Framework for Cyber Attack Discovery and Situational

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience hands-onASTROPHYSICSHe β-ResearchNew MethodAlp ofA

  18. LBNL-41172 Discovery

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and Interfaces Sample Environment: Magnet and6 th7525 UC-40441172 Discovery

  19. Economic Impact Reporting Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2007/08 November 2008 #12;#12;Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2007/08 #12;STFC Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2007/08 Contents: Introduction..............................................................................................................................................2 1: Overall Economic Impacts

  20. Economic Impact Reporting Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2008/09 #12;#12;Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2008/09 #12;STFC Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2008/09 Contents: Introduction..............................................................................................................................................2 1: Overall Economic Impacts

  1. Enterprise Risk Management Framework

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Framework The Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) framework includes four steps: identify the risks, determine the probability and impact of each one, identify controls that are...

  2. Sustainability Framework 1 Queen's University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abolmaesumi, Purang

    Sustainability Framework 1 Queen's University Sustainability Strategic Framework #12;Sustainability Framework 2 Contents Introduction .................................................................................................................................................. 2 Queen's Sustainability Mission

  3. A proposed framework for harmonization of the veterinary medicine curriculum in Latin America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ortega Meyer, Bruno de Jesus

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A framework for curriculum harmonization at veterinary colleges in Latin America is proposed. The framework was developed considering the expansion of knowledge, particularly in veterinary public health. Also described are the generic or process...

  4. Discovery of the Tungsten Isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Fritsch; J. Q. Ginepro; M. Heim; A. Schuh; A. Shore; M. Thoennessen

    2009-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Thirty-five tungsten isotopes have so far been observed; the discovery of these isotopes is discussed. For each isotope a brief summary of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  5. Discovery of the Tin Isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Amos; M. Thoennessen

    2010-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Thirty-eight tin isotopes have so far been observed; the discovery of these isotopes is discussed. For each isotope a brief summary of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  6. Motif discovery in sequential data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jensen, Kyle L. (Kyle Lawrence)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, I discuss the application and development of methods for the automated discovery of motifs in sequential data. These data include DNA sequences, protein sequences, and real-valued sequential data such as ...

  7. Discovery of the tungsten isotopes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fritsch, A.; Ginepro, J.Q.; Heim, M.; Schuh, A.; Shore, A. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Thoennessen, M. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States)], E-mail: thoennessen@nscl.msu.edu

    2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Thirty-five tungsten isotopes have been observed so far and the discovery of these isotopes is discussed here. For each isotope a brief summary of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  8. Discovery of the Tungsten Isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fritsch, A; Heim, M; Schuh, A; Shore, A; Thoennessen, M

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thirty-five tungsten isotopes have so far been observed; the discovery of these isotopes is discussed. For each isotope a brief summary of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  9. Framework for Measuring Sustainable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinson, David M.

    Knight Foundation will use this sustainability framework for internal organizational purposes with the possibility

  10. A PCE-based Connectivity Provisioning Management Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

    A PCE-based Connectivity Provisioning Management Framework E. Grampin, A. Castro, M. German, F Traffic Engineering (TE) objectives, such as (PCE) architecture has been proposed by the IETF [2], based are the routing component, responsible for the discovery responsibility. The PCE functionality is orthogonal

  11. A framework for knowledge-based team training

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Michael Scott

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Teamwork is crucial to many disciplines, from activities such as organized sports to economic and military organizations. Team training is difficult and as yet there are few automated tools to assist in the training task. As with the training...

  12. Web Mining: Pattern Discovery from World Wide Web Transactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Vipin

    ­based organizations often generate and collect large volumes of data in their daily operations. Analyzing such data access logs. We propose a framework for Web mining, the applications of data mining and knowledge from the Web data. We also present a Web mining system, WEBMINER, which has been implemented based upon

  13. Ontology Design and Development Framework Part I: Enhancing Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demurjian, Steven A.

    terminologies representing a semantic agreement between humans and knowledge systems. Numerous knowledge representational frameworks (e.g. KIF, DAML+OIL, OWL etc.), have been proposed in the research community, with limited adoption in the industry. One possible reason is a lack of a formal and rigorous model

  14. Geospatial knowledge for territorial intelligence Pr. Robert Laurini Geospatial Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurini, Robert

    Geospatial knowledge for territorial intelligence Pr. Robert Laurini Geospatial Knowledge ­ Management · Objective: Sustainable development #12;Geospatial knowledge for territorial intelligence Pr;Geospatial knowledge for territorial intelligence Pr. Robert Laurini Generic and specific knowledge

  15. Reasoning About Knowledge Reasoning About Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vardi, Moshe Y.

    Introduction and Overview 1 1.1 The Muddy Children Puzzle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1 Knowledge . . . . . . . . . . 23 2.3 The Muddy Children Revisited . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127 4.4.4 Perfect Recall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 4.4.5 Message-Passing

  16. The Future of Information Discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shneiderman, Ben

    fact finding (known-item search) On what day was Barack Obama born? #12;Discovery Process: Task Analysis Specific fact finding (known-item search) On what day was Barack Obama born a Senator? Exploration of availability (vague result request) What genealogical information on Barack Obama

  17. ISI Web of Knowledge111 -ISI Web of Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Or, Michael

    ­ ISI Web of Knowledge111 © , . , , , . . , . , . . -ISI Web of Knowledge )http:// webofknowledge.com( , , , . . -ISI Web of Knowledge: Web of Science(-1691) , . Biosis Previews(-1661 ) - , , , . MEDLINE(-1611

  18. Identifying Mathematical Models of the Mechanically Ventilated Lung Using Equation Discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kersting, Kristian

    of the respiratory system. Equation Discovery systems extract mathematical models from observed time series data knowledge. We introduce a modification of this system and apply it to data obtained during mechanical behavior of the respiratory sys- tem under the condition of mechanical ventilation. During the last decades

  19. A method for dense packing discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoav Kallus; Veit Elser; Simon Gravel

    2010-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The problem of packing a system of particles as densely as possible is foundational in the field of discrete geometry and is a powerful model in the material and biological sciences. As packing problems retreat from the reach of solution by analytic constructions, the importance of an efficient numerical method for conducting \\textit{de novo} (from-scratch) searches for dense packings becomes crucial. In this paper, we use the \\textit{divide and concur} framework to develop a general search method for the solution of periodic constraint problems, and we apply it to the discovery of dense periodic packings. An important feature of the method is the integration of the unit cell parameters with the other packing variables in the definition of the configuration space. The method we present led to improvements in the densest-known tetrahedron packing which are reported in [arXiv:0910.5226]. Here, we use the method to reproduce the densest known lattice sphere packings and the best known lattice kissing arrangements in up to 14 and 11 dimensions respectively (the first such numerical evidence for their optimality in some of these dimensions). For non-spherical particles, we report a new dense packing of regular four-dimensional simplices with density $\\phi=128/219\\approx0.5845$ and with a similar structure to the densest known tetrahedron packing.

  20. A method for dense packing discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kallus, Yoav; Gravel, Simon

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The problem of packing a system of particles as densely as possible is foundational in the field of discrete geometry and is a powerful model in the material and biological sciences. As packing problems retreat from the reach of solution by analytic constructions, the importance of an efficient numerical method for conducting de novo (from-scratch) searches for dense packings becomes crucial. In this paper, we use the divide and concur framework to develop a general search method for the solution of periodic constraint problems, and we apply it to the discovery of dense periodic packings. An important feature of the method is the integration of the unit cell parameters with the other packing variables in the definition of the configuration space. The method we present led to improvements in the densest-known tetrahedron packing which are reported in [arXiv:0910.5226]. Here, we use the method to reproduce the densest known lattice sphere packings and the best known lattice kissing arrangements in up to 14 and ...

  1. Review: Knowledge and Environmental Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, Peter C.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Review: Knowledge and Environmental Policy: Re-Imagining theRobert. Knowledge and Environmental Policy: Re-Imagining thepaperback. Knowledge and Environmental Policy continues the

  2. IBRD Operational Decision Framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenwalt, R; Hibbard, W; Raber, E; Carlsen, T; Folks, K; MacQueen, D; Mancieri, S; Bunt, T; Richards, J; Hirabayashi-Dethier, J

    2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The IBRD Operational Decision Framework in this document is an expansion of an emerging general risk management framework under development by an interagency working group. It provides the level of detail necessary to develop a general Consequence Management Guidance Document for biological contamination remediation and restoration. It is the intent of this document to support both wide area and individual site remediation and restoration activities. This product was initiated as a portion of the IBRD Task 1 Systems Analysis to aid in identification of wide area remediation and restoration shortcomings and gaps. The draft interagency general risk management framework was used as the basis for the analysis. The initial Task 1 analysis document expanded the draft interagency framework to a higher level of resolution, building on both the logic structure and the accompanying text explanations. It was then employed in a qualitative manner to identify responsible agencies, data requirements, tool requirements, and current capabilities for each decision and task. This resulted in identifying shortcomings and gaps needing resolution. Several meetings of a joint LLNL/SNL working group reviewed and approved the initial content of this analysis. At the conclusion of Task 1, work continued on the expanded framework to generate this Operational Decision Framework which is consistent with the existing interagency general risk management framework. A large LLNL task group met repeatedly over a three-month period to develop the expanded framework, coordinate the framework with the biological remediation checklist, and synchronize the logic with the Consequence Management Plan table of contents. The expanded framework was briefed at a large table top exercise reviewing the interagency risk management framework. This exercise had representation from major US metropolitan areas as well as national agencies. This product received positive comments from the participants. Upon completion of the Operational Decision Framework, another joint LLNL/SNL working group conducted a day-long review. Identified modifications were made to the document, resulting in the included product.

  3. Explanation and discovery in aerodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordon McCabe

    2005-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss and clarify the explanations commonly cited for the aerodynamic lift generated by a wing, and to then analyse, as a case study of engineering discovery, the aerodynamic revolutions which have taken place within Formula 1 in the past 40 years. The paper begins with an introduction that provides a succinct summary of the mathematics of fluid mechanics.

  4. Recording Scientific Knowledge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bowker, Geof (Santa Clara University) [Santa Clara University

    2006-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The way we record knowledge, and the web of technical, formal, and social practices that surrounds it, inevitably affects the knowledge that we record. The ways we hold knowledge about the past - in handwritten manuscripts, in printed books, in file folders, in databases - shape the kind of stories we tell about that past. In this talk, I look at how over the past two hundred years, information technology has affected the nature and production of scientific knowledge. Further, I explore ways in which the emergent new cyberinfrastructure is changing our relationship to scientific practice.

  5. The Higgs discovery potential of ATLAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher Collins-Tooth

    2007-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Higgs boson production and decay at the LHC is described, together with related ATLAS search channels, in order to provide an overview of the ATLAS Higgs discovery potential.

  6. The Partnership Evaluation Framework

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Department of Energy Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: The Partnership Evaluation Framework: How to evaluate a potential partner’s business model and identify areas for collaboration.

  7. Spark Distributed Analytic Framework

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Analytic Framework Description and Overview Apache Spark(tm) is a fast and general engine for large-scale data processing. Availibility Spark is Available on Edison in CCM...

  8. Cybersecurity Framework Development Overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bentz, Dale P.

    Cybersecurity Framework Development Overview NIST's Role in Implementing Executive Order 13636 "Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity" #12;Executive Order 13636: Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity - February 12, 2013 "The cyber threat to critical infrastructure continues to grow

  9. Cybersecurity Framework Development Overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cybersecurity Framework Development Overview NIST's Role in Implementing Executive Order 13636 "Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity" #12;Executive Order 13636: Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity February 12, 2013 · "The cyber threat to critical infrastructure continues to grow

  10. International Experiences and Frameworks to Support Country-Driven Low-Emissions Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benioff, R.; Cochran, J.; Cox, S.

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Countries can use low-emission development strategies (LEDS) to advance sustainable development, promote private-sector growth, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This paper proposes a framework -- or support infrastructure -- to enable the efficient exchange of LEDS-related knowledge and technical assistance. Under the proposed framework, countries share LEDS-related resources via coordinating forums, 'knowledge platforms,' and networks of experts and investors. The virtual 'knowledge platforms' foster learning by allowing countries to communicate with each other and share technical reports, data, and analysis tools in support of LEDS development. Investing in all elements of the framework in an integrated fashion increases the efficacy of support for country-driven LEDS.

  11. Scientific Discovery Learning with Computer Simulations Scientific Discovery Learning with Computer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Scientific Discovery Learning with Computer Simulations 1 Scientific Discovery Learning with Computer Simulations 2 Abstract Scientific discovery learning is a highly self-directed and constructivistic form of learning. A computer simulation is a type of computer-based environment that is very

  12. Informatics guided discovery of surface structure-chemistry relationships in catalytic nanoparticles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andriotis, Antonis N., E-mail: andriot@iesl.forth.gr [Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, FORTH, P.O. Box 1527, 71110 Heraklio, Crete (Greece); Mpourmpakis, Giannis, E-mail: gmpourmp@pitt.edu [Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15621 (United States)] [Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15621 (United States); Broderick, Scott, E-mail: broderick.scott@gmail.com; Rajan, Krishna, E-mail: krajan@iastate.edu [Materials Science and Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States)] [Materials Science and Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States); Datta, Somnath, E-mail: somnath.datta@louisville.edu [Department of Bioinformatics and Biostatistics, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky 40202 (United States)] [Department of Bioinformatics and Biostatistics, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky 40202 (United States); Sunkara, Mahendra, E-mail: mahendra@louisville.edu [Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky 40202 (United States)] [Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky 40202 (United States); Menon, Madhu, E-mail: super250@uky.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy and Center for Computational Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy and Center for Computational Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506 (United States)

    2014-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A data driven discovery strategy based on statistical learning principles is used to discover new correlations between electronic structure and catalytic activity of metal surfaces. From the quantitative formulations derived from this informatics based model, a high throughput computational framework for predicting binding energy as a function of surface chemistry and adsorption configuration that bypasses the need for repeated electronic structure calculations has been developed.

  13. Discovery Park Impact Network for Photovoltaic Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holland, Jeffrey

    Discovery Park Impact Network for Photovoltaic Technology NEED Discovery Park provides for Photovoltaic Technology (NPT). The NPT is designed to be a unique venue for industry-directed, university aims to become an international center of gravity for photovoltaic research that connects islands

  14. Conceptual Framework Presentation, 2006, Slide 1 The Conceptual Framework for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Conceptual Framework Presentation, 2006, Slide 1 The Conceptual Framework for Programs that Prepare Professionals Who Work in Schools What - Why - and Why You? #12;Conceptual Framework Presentation, 2006, Slide 2 on and develop your philosophy as a professional. . . WHY YOU? #12;Conceptual Framework Presentation, 2006, Slide

  15. WISDOM: A Grid-Enabled Drug Discovery Initiative Against Malaria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    14 WISDOM: A Grid-Enabled Drug Discovery Initiative Against Malaria Vincent Breton, Doman Kim ................................................................................ 354 14.2 Grid-Enabled Drug Discovery .................................................. 354 14.2.1 In Silico Drug Discovery: Requirements and Grid Added Value

  16. Design and development of a semantic music discovery engine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turnbull, Douglas Ross

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1.4 CAL Music Discovery Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5Music Discovery Engine: . . . . . . . . . Figure 1.2: CAL1.3 Semantic Music Discovery Engine Architecture 1.3.1

  17. The Burden of Knowledge and the `Death of the Renaissance Man': Is Innovation Getting Harder?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    , which have been noted in other research, can also be ex- plained in this framework. The knowledge burden of Management and NBER. Contact: 2001 Sheridan Road, Room 628, Evanston, IL 60208. Email: bjones

  18. Transforming Data into Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giles, C. Lee

    The Application Of Correctness Preserving Transformations To Software Maintenance J. Paul Gibson transformation (CPT), to a real software engineering prob- lem: the need for optimization during the maintenance of code. We present four program transformations and a model that forms a framework for proof

  19. Framework for Physics Computation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwan, Karsten [Georgia Institute of Technology

    2012-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The Georgia Tech team has been working in collaboration with ORNL and Rutgers on improved I/O for petascale fusion codes, specifically, to integrate staging methods into the ADIOS framework. As part of this on-going work, we have released the DataTap server as part of the ADIOS release, and we have been working on improving the ‘in situ’ processing capabilities of the ADIOS framework. In particular, we have been moving forward with a design that adds additional metadata to describe the data layout and structure of data that is being moved for I/O purposes, building on the FFS type system developed in our past research

  20. Durability of Materials in a Stress-Response Framework: Acrylic Materials for Photovoltaic Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rollins, Andrew M.

    Durability of Materials in a Stress-Response Framework: Acrylic Materials for Photovoltaic Systems materials for enhanced photovoltaic (PV) performance, it is critical to have quantitative knowledge developed for solar radiation durability studies of solar and environmentally exposed photovoltaic materials

  1. Application of proteomics in the discovery of candidate protein...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in the discovery of candidate protein biomarkers in a Diabetes Autoantibody Standardization Program Application of proteomics in the discovery of candidate protein...

  2. Oklahoma Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves New Reservoir Discoveries...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields (Billion Cubic Feet) Oklahoma Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0...

  3. Wyoming Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves New Reservoir Discoveries...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0...

  4. Utah Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves New Reservoir Discoveries...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields (Billion Cubic Feet) Utah Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

  5. An Abductive Framework for Information Exchange in Multi-Agent systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torroni, Paolo

    An Abductive Framework for Information Exchange in Multi-Agent systems Marco Gavanelli1 , Evelina a framework for information exchange among abductive agents whose local knowledge bases are enlarged with a set of abduced hypotheses. We integrate the aspects of information exchange and abductive rea- soning

  6. DIMENSIONS of DISCOVERY Sponsored Program Awards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    , and Repair of the CH-53K Composite Rotor Blades and Structures." (a Discovery Park award -- Institute)." Bickham, John W; forestry & natural resources, from North Slope Borough, $100,000, "The Bow- head Whale

  7. Accelerating scientific discovery : 2007 annual report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beckman, P.; Dave, P.; Drugan, C.

    2008-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    As a gateway for scientific discovery, the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF) works hand in hand with the world's best computational scientists to advance research in a diverse span of scientific domains, ranging from chemistry, applied mathematics, and materials science to engineering physics and life sciences. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Science, researchers are using the IBM Blue Gene/L supercomputer at the ALCF to study and explore key scientific problems that underlie important challenges facing our society. For instance, a research team at the University of California-San Diego/ SDSC is studying the molecular basis of Parkinson's disease. The researchers plan to use the knowledge they gain to discover new drugs to treat the disease and to identify risk factors for other diseases that are equally prevalent. Likewise, scientists from Pratt & Whitney are using the Blue Gene to understand the complex processes within aircraft engines. Expanding our understanding of jet engine combustors is the secret to improved fuel efficiency and reduced emissions. Lessons learned from the scientific simulations of jet engine combustors have already led Pratt & Whitney to newer designs with unprecedented reductions in emissions, noise, and cost of ownership. ALCF staff members provide in-depth expertise and assistance to those using the Blue Gene/L and optimizing user applications. Both the Catalyst and Applications Performance Engineering and Data Analytics (APEDA) teams support the users projects. In addition to working with scientists running experiments on the Blue Gene/L, we have become a nexus for the broader global community. In partnership with the Mathematics and Computer Science Division at Argonne National Laboratory, we have created an environment where the world's most challenging computational science problems can be addressed. Our expertise in high-end scientific computing enables us to provide guidance for applications that are transitioning to petascale as well as to produce software that facilitates their development, such as the MPICH library, which provides a portable and efficient implementation of the MPI standard--the prevalent programming model for large-scale scientific applications--and the PETSc toolkit that provides a programming paradigm that eases the development of many scientific applications on high-end computers.

  8. UK now claims world's top discovery rate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    UK explorers are a bit more cheerful these days even though no one has discovered a giant field or anything elephant-sized. The reason is a benign tax regime and a growing confidence among industry explorers. This last has resulted in discovery of many smaller fields - particularly gas, some potentially commercial. It is claimed that the UK's discovery rate is now the highest in the world.

  9. THE SOCIAL UNDERPINNINGS OF ABSORPTIVE CAPACITY: EXTERNAL KNOWLEDGE, SOCIAL NETWORKS, AND INDIVIDUAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadeh, Norman M.

    -FOUNDATIONS OF ABSORPTIVE CAPACITY 3.1 The Social Structure of Innovation 3.2 External knowledge 3.2.1 Scientific vs. Industrial External Knowledge 3.3 Internal Social Structure 3.3.1 Is brokerage always good for innovation? 3.4 A new framework for social structure and innovativeness 3.5 Local vs. Global Informational Advantages

  10. The Umbra Simulation Framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    GOTTLIEB,ERIC; HARRIGAN,RAYMOND W.; MCDONALD,MICHAEL J.; OPPEL III,FRED J.; XAVIER,PATRICK G.

    2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Umbra is a new Sandia-developed modeling and simulation framework. The Umbra framework allows users to quickly build models and simulations for intelligent system development, analysis, experimentation, and control and supports tradeoff analyses of complex robotic systems, device, and component concepts. Umbra links together heterogeneous collections of modeling tools. The models in Umbra include 3D geometry and physics models of robots, devices and their environments. Model components can be built with varying levels of fidelity and readily switched to allow models built with low fidelity for conceptual analysis to be gradually converted to high fidelity models for later phase detailed analysis. Within control environments, the models can be readily replaced with actual control elements. This paper describes Umbra at a functional level and describes issues that Sandia uses Umbra to address.

  11. Preparation of functionalized zeolitic frameworks

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M; Furukawa, Hiroyasu; Wang, Bo

    2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure provides zeolitic frameworks for gas separation, gas storage, catalysis and sensors. More particularly the disclosure provides zeolitic frameworks (ZIFs). The ZIF of the disclosure comprises any number of transition metals or a homogenous transition metal composition.

  12. An urban intervention : enabling frameworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrigan, Neil Patrick

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The relationship between design and the idea of a framework is essentially an attitude about ordering. A framework is an Intellectual proposition which can support a variety ideas, and in doing so, it provides a resolution ...

  13. Preparation of functionalized zeolitic frameworks

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M; Hayashi, Hideki; Banerjee, Rahul; Park, Kyo Sung; Wang, Bo; Cote, Adrien P

    2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure provides zeolitic frameworks for gas separation, gas storage, catalysis and sensors. More particularly the disclosure provides zeolitic frameworks (ZIFs). The ZIF of the disclosure comprises any number of transition metals or a homogenous transition metal composition.

  14. A framework for digital watercolor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Brien, Patrick Michael

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    This research develops an extendible framework for reproducing watercolor in a digital environment, with a focus on interactivity using the GPU. The framework uses the lattice Boltzmann method, a relatively new approach to fluid dynamics...

  15. Preparation of functionalized zeolitic frameworks

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M.; Hayashi, Hideki; Banerjee, Rahul; Park, Kyo Sung; Wang, Bo; Cote, Adrien P.

    2014-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure provides zeolitic frameworks for gas separation, gas storage, catalysis and sensors. More particularly the disclosure provides zeolitic frameworks (ZIFs). The ZIF of the disclosure comprises any number of transition metals or a homogenous transition metal composition.

  16. The National Transport Data Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landshoff, Peter Vincent; Polak, John

    2008-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

    ................................................................................................................ 14 NTDF PROTOTYPE ............................................................................................................................... 14 NTDF ARCHITECTURE... ................................................................................................................................. 27 RESOURCING .......................................................................................................................................... 27 ? The National Transport Data Framework March 2008 ? Page 2 SUSTAINABILITY...

  17. High School Students' Modeling Knowledge High School Students' Modeling Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    High School Students' Modeling Knowledge High School Students' Modeling Knowledge David Fortus of the authors. #12;High School Students' Modeling Knowledge Abstract Modeling is a core scientific practice a learning progression for this practice, focusing on the late elementary and early middle school years

  18. Scientific Workflows Composition and Deployment on SOA Frameworks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Yan; Gorton, Ian; Wynne, Adam S.; Kulkarni, Anand V.

    2011-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Scientific workflows normally consist of multiple applications acquiring and transforming data, running data intensive analyses and visualizing the results for scientific discovery. To compose and deploy such scientific workflows, an SOA platform can provide integration of third-party components, services, and tools. In this paper, we present our application of Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) to compose and deploy systems biology workflows. In developing this application, our solution uses MeDICi a middleware framework built on SOA platforms as an integration layer. We discuss our experience and lessons learnt about this solution that are generally applicable to scientific workflows in other domains.

  19. INLEN: A Methodology and Integrated System for Knowledge Discovery in Databases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalski, Ryszard S.

    by Ryszard S. Michalski and Bruce Katz of International Intelligent Systems, Inc. (INIS). I would like to thank INIS for providing the source code of the AURORA system. I would like to thank the collaborators

  20. Efficient Data Management for Knowledge Discovery in Large-Scale Geospatial Imagery Collections

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baldwin, C; Abdulla, G

    2006-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe the results of our investigation on supporting ad-hoc and continuous queries over data streams. The major problem we address here is how to identify and utilize metadata for smart caching and to support queries over streaming and archived or historical data.

  1. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON KNOWLEDGE AND DATA ENGINEERING 1 Compression, Clustering and Pattern Discovery in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramakrishnan, Naren

    some of the most significant challenges in data analysis. Sub-sampling and compression are two key design. Analysis of high dimensional data typically takes the form of extract- ing correlations between to large datasets. Analysis of continuous attribute data generally takes the form of eigenvalue

  2. E-Print Network 3.0 - automated knowledge discovery Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Conference on ... Source: Webb, Geoff - School of Computer Science and Software Engineering, Monash University Collection: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences...

  3. Discovery of (New) Knowledge and the Analysis of Text Corpora Khurshid Ahmad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gillam, Lee

    and solid state physics. It is true to say that without Fermi's insight, the development of self-sustained

  4. Proximate Sensing: Geographic Knowledge Discovery in On-line Photo Collections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leung, Chi Yan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    helmet pot ball pool ball buckle wheel seashore desktopfruit Ferris wheel bottle coral aquarium balloon soccer ball

  5. Search Method for Real-time Knowledge Discovery Modeled on the Human Brain

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systemsBi (2) Sr (2)ScienceScientists InSearch Find Expertise Viewthe-

  6. High-Throughput Methodology for Discovery of Metal-Organic Frameworks with a High

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of California, Berkeley Lily Ackerman and Thomas R. Boussie Symyx Technologies, Inc. #12;A Tetrazolate

  7. High-Throughput Methodology for Discovery of Metal-Organic Frameworks with

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensional Subject:Ground HawaiiWaste Heat Recovery: Successa High Binding

  8. An Information-Theoretic Framework for Enabling Extreme-scale Science Discovery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shen, Han-Wei

    2014-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    In this final technical report, we describe the major research goals, activities, and findings under this grant. We also report a list of publications resulted from this project.

  9. Robust automated knowledge capture.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stevens-Adams, Susan Marie; Abbott, Robert G.; Forsythe, James Chris; Trumbo, Michael Christopher Stefan; Haass, Michael Joseph; Hendrickson, Stacey M. Langfitt

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes research conducted through the Sandia National Laboratories Robust Automated Knowledge Capture Laboratory Directed Research and Development project. The objective of this project was to advance scientific understanding of the influence of individual cognitive attributes on decision making. The project has developed a quantitative model known as RumRunner that has proven effective in predicting the propensity of an individual to shift strategies on the basis of task and experience related parameters. Three separate studies are described which have validated the basic RumRunner model. This work provides a basis for better understanding human decision making in high consequent national security applications, and in particular, the individual characteristics that underlie adaptive thinking.

  10. Discovery of magnetic fields in CPNs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Jordan; K. Werner; S. J. O'Toole

    2004-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    For the first time we have directly detected magnetic fields in central stars of planetary nebulae by means of spectro-polarimetry with FORS1 at the VLT. In all four objects of our sample we found kilogauss magnetic fields, in NGC 1360 and LSS1362 with very high significance, while in Abell36 and EGB5 the existence of a magnetic field is probable but with less certainty. This discovery supports the hypothesis that the non-spherical symmetry of most planetary nebulae is caused by magnetic fields in AGB stars. Our high discovery rate demands mechanisms to prevent full conservation of magnetic flux during the transition to white dwarfs.

  11. The discovery of plutonium reorganized the periodic table and aided the discovery of new elements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clark, David L [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The modern Periodic Table derives principally from the work of the great Russian scientist Dimitri Mendeleev, who in 1869 enunciated a 'periodic law' that the properties of the elements are a periodic function of their atomic weights, and arranged the 65 known elements in a 'periodic table'. Fundamentally, every column in the main body of the Periodic Table is a grouping of elements that display similar chemical and physical behavior. Similar properties are therefore exhibited by elements with widely different mass. Chemical periodicity is central to the study of chemistry, and no other generalization comes close to its ability to systematize and rationalize known chemical facts. With the development of atomic theory, and an understanding of the electronic structure of atoms, chemical periodicity and the periodic table now find their natural explanation in the electronic structure of atoms. Moving from left to right along any row, the elements are arranged sequentially according to nuclear charge (the atomic number). Electrons counter balance that nuclear charge, hence each successive element has one more electron in its configuration. The electron configuration, or distribution of electrons among atomic orbitals, may be determined by application of the Pauli principle (paired spin in the same orbital) and the aufbau principle (which outlines the order of filling of electrons into shells of orbitals - s, p, d, f, etc.) such that in a given atom, no two electrons may have all four quantum numbers identical. In 1939, only three elements were known to be heavier than actinium: thorium, protactinium, and uranium. All three exhibited variable oxidation states and a complex chemistry. Thorium, protactinium and uranium were assumed to be d-transition metals and were placed in the Periodic Table under hafnium, tantalum, and tungsten, respectively. By 1940, McMillan and Abelson bombarded uranium atoms with slow neutrons and successfully identified atoms of element 93, which they named neptunium after the planet Neptune. This rapidly set the stage for the discovery of the next succeeding element, plutonium (Seaborg, McMillan, Kennedy, and Wahl, 1940), named after the next planet away from the Sun, Pluto. The newly discovered elements were presumed to fit comfortably in the Periodic Table under rhenium and osmium, respectively. However, subsequent tracer chemical experiments showed that neptunium and plutonium were closer in their chemical properties to uranium than their presumed homologues, rhenium and osmium. Spectroscopic evidence also indicated that the new elements were not typical transition elements, but had f-electrons in their valence shell. Thus, several researchers, including McMillan and Wahl, and Zachariasen at Los Alamos, suggested that these elements might be part of a second inner-transition series in which the 5f-electron subshell was being filled. It was not clear, however, where the new series would begin. McMillian had proposed a 'uraninide series' that started with neptunium, but attempts to isolate elements with atomic numbers 95 and 96 based on assumed similarities to uranium were unsuccessful. Both Wahl and Zacharias en had proposed a thoride series that started with protactinium. In 1944, Seaborg proposed that the series started with thorium, and that all of the elements heavier than actinium constituted an 'actinide' series similar to the lanthanides. Because the 5f-shell began filling in the same relative position as the 4f-shell, the electronic configuration of elements in the two series would be similar. Guided by the hypothesis that elements 95 and 96 were homologues of europium and gadolinium, new experiments were designed and the elements were uniquely synthesized and separated from all others. The new elements were subsequently named americium and curium. Seaborg's 'Actinide Concept' thus played a major role in the discovery of the transplutonium elements. It provided the framework that supported synthesis, isolation, and identification of the succeeding actinide elements berkelium through lawrenci

  12. Preparation of metal-triazolate frameworks

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M; Uribe-Romo, Fernando J; Gandara-Barragan, Felipe; Britt, David K

    2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure provides for novel metal-triazolate frameworks, methods of use thereof, and devices comprising the frameworks thereof.

  13. Energy Sector Cybersecurity Framework Implementation Guidance

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    DRAFT FOR PUBLIC COMMENT SEPTEMBER, 2014 ENERGY SECTOR CYBERSECURITY FRAMEWORK IMPLEMENTATION GUIDANCE Energy Sector Cybersecurity Framework Implementation Guidance Table of...

  14. Solar composition from the Genesis Discovery Mission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solar composition from the Genesis Discovery Mission D. S. Burnett1 and Genesis Science Team2: the isoto- pic compositions of O, N, and noble gases differ in the Sun from other inner solar system objects in the noble gas data from solar wind implanted in lunar soils. (ii) The most advanced analytical instruments

  15. Discovery Park Impact NNSA PRISM Center for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holland, Jeffrey

    Discovery Park Impact NNSA PRISM Center for Prediction of Reliability, Integrity and Survivability in PRISM. Purdue is one of 5 centers funded under NNSA's Predictive Science Academic Alliance Program Computing, a division of Information Technology at Purdue. The NNSA national laboratories will be involved

  16. Innovation. Discovery. Community. Excellence. Committed to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambhampati, Patanjali

    Innovation. Discovery. Community. Excellence. 2014 2015 Committed to Achievement #12;McGill has and around the world. McGill is committed to nurturing this innovation and entrepre- neurship businesses, social enterprises or novel collaborations. A McGill education isn't limited to the classroom. Mc

  17. False Discovery Rates John D. Storey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Storey, John D.

    positives. The false discovery rate is designed to quantify this type of trade-off, making it particularly Hypothesis Testing In hypothesis testing, statistical significance is typically based on calculations involving p-values and Type I error rates. A p-value calculated from a single statistical hypothesis test

  18. Resource Discovery Services for Grid Computing Training 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Low, Boon; Fergusson, David; MacColl, John

    2007-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    discovery services developed as part of an initiative to pilot e-learning and a shared digital library infrastructure for Grid Computing training projects in Europe. The development is also related to a project funded by the UK Joint Information Systems...

  19. Unraveling the Higgs Boson Discovery - Rik Yoshida

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rik Yoshida

    2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Argonne physicist Rik Yoshida explains what the Higgs boson is and what its discovery means for physics, the universe, and life. The third of Argonne's "OutLoud" public lecture series, held at the lab on September 27, 2012. Find out when the next one is at http://www.anl.gov/community/outloud

  20. SRI International Discovery of Photocatalysts for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SRI International Discovery of Photocatalysts for Hydrogen Production 2003 DOE Hydrogen Review May for 2005 and 2010 involve sequential order of magnitude improvements in durability and modest improvements screening tools being developed in this project. Furthermore, the inclusion of a partner with the means

  1. Trawler: de novo regulatory motif discovery pipeline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    Trawler: de novo regulatory motif discovery pipeline for chromatin immunoprecipitation Laurence, the fastest computational pipeline to date, to efficiently discover over-represented motifs in chromatin present the Trawler pipeline (Fig. 1a) that attempts the de novo identification of all over

  2. Unraveling the Higgs Boson Discovery - Rik Yoshida

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Rik Yoshida

    2013-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Argonne physicist Rik Yoshida explains what the Higgs boson is and what its discovery means for physics, the universe, and life. The third of Argonne's "OutLoud" public lecture series, held at the lab on September 27, 2012. Find out when the next one is at http://www.anl.gov/community/outloud

  3. Exploratory Search Interfaces to Support Image Discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shneiderman, Ben

    Director (1983-2000), Human-Computer Interaction Lab Professor, Department of Computer Science MemberExploratory Search Interfaces to Support Image Discovery Ben Shneiderman ben@cs.umd.edu Founding;Interdisciplinary research community - Computer Science & Psychology - Information Studies & Education (www

  4. Automated Discovery: a Fusion of Multidisciplinary Principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ras, Zbigniew W.

    Automated Discovery: a Fusion of Multidisciplinary Principles Jan M. _Zytkow Computer Science; Piatetsky-Shapiro & Frawley, 1991; Shen, 1993; Shrager & Langley; Simon, Valdes-Perez & Sleeman, 1997; Kulkarni & Simon, 1987; Kocabas & Langley, 1995; Valdes- Perez, 1993. The mere accumulation of new

  5. SyracuSe univerSity Discovery Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raina, Ramesh

    . Past Discovery Florence courses have included Italian Art and Society, Liberty and Power from country and trust in the people there gave me a lot more faith in people in general. --Briana r. Discovery

  6. Single nucleotide polymorphism discovery in elite north american potato germplasm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douches, David S.

    Single nucleotide polymorphism discovery in elite north american potato germplasm Hamilton et al;RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Single nucleotide polymorphism discovery in elite north american potato breeding approaches in potato rely almost entirely on phenotypic evaluations; molecular markers

  7. NERSC User Day February 13 - Trends, Discovery, and Innovation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the Next 10 Years, Sudip Dosanjh, NERSC Director Discovery 11:00 - Discovery of the Higgs Boson and the role of LBNL and World-Wide Computing, Ian Hinchliffe, Berkeley Lab 11:30 -...

  8. Review: Knowledge and Environmental Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, Peter C.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Environmental Policy: Re-Imagining the Boundaries ofand Environmental Policy: Re-Imagining the Boundaries ofKnowledge and Environmental Policy continues the complex and

  9. Technology, legal knowledge and citizenship 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dominguez Rubio, Fernando; Lezaun, Javier

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    through adjustment. Science, Technology and Human Values 31(3 Technology, legal knowledge and citizenship On the care ofhelp of these adaptive technologies, Jose had become able to

  10. ISI Web of Knowledge111 , ,1111

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel, Rosenfeld

    ISI Web of Knowledge111 © , ,1111 -ISI Web of Knowledge (http://newisiknowledge.com) , , , . . -ISI Web of Knowledge : Web of Science(-1965) , . Biosis Previews(-1991) , ,, . MEDLINE(-1951) , , . Zoological Record(-1995). , . ISI Web of Knowledge . . -VPN( ). : 1.:http

  11. A knowledge services roadmay for online learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagopal, Anand, 1979-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In today's society, there is a need for organizations to have a robust knowledge infrastructure in place, so that they can create or acquire knowledge; store knowledge; disseminate knowledge, and protect and manage their ...

  12. Sodium loop framework structural analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nguyen, P.M.

    1995-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides the structural analysis of the Sodium Loop framework in a drop condition. The drop is similar to the US Department of Transportation non-bulk, performance-oriented packaging (Packaging Group I) drop test. The drop height evaluated for the Sodium Loop framework is 5.9 ft.

  13. Knowledge Infusion Leslie G. Valiant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valiant, Leslie

    Knowledge Infusion Leslie G. Valiant Division of Engineering and Applied Sciences Harvard as by their economy in the use of external data. In this paper we propose a theoretical basis for knowl- edge infusion in terms of robust logic. Knowledge infusion based on robust logic can be distinguished from other cur

  14. National Geothermal Data System: Transforming the Discovery, Access, and Analytics of Data for Geothermal Exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patten, Kim [Arizona Geological Survey

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Compendium of Papers from the 38th Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Stanford University, Stanford, California February 11-13, 2013 The National Geothermal Data System (NGDS) is a distributed, interoperable network of data collected from state geological surveys across all fifty states and the nation’s leading academic geothermal centers. The system serves as a platform for sharing consistent, reliable, geothermal-relevant technical data with users of all types, while supplying tools relevant for their work. As aggregated data supports new scientific findings, this content-rich linked data ultimately broadens the pool of knowledge available to promote discovery and development of commercial-scale geothermal energy production. Most of the up-front risks associated with geothermal development stem from exploration and characterization of subsurface resources. Wider access to distributed data will, therefore, result in lower costs for geothermal development. NGDS is on track to become fully operational by 2014 and will provide a platform for custom applications for accessing geothermal relevant data in the U.S. and abroad. It is being built on the U.S. Geoscience Information Network (USGIN) data integration framework to promote interoperability across the Earth sciences community. The basic structure of the NGDS employs state-of-the art informatics to advance geothermal knowledge. The following four papers comprising this Open-File Report are a compendium of presentations, from the 38th Annual Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, taking place February 11-13, 2013 at Stanford University, Stanford, California. “NGDS Geothermal Data Domain: Assessment of Geothermal Community Data Needs,” outlines the efforts of a set of nationwide data providers to supply data for the NGDS. In particular, data acquisition, delivery, and methodology are discussed. The paper addresses the various types of data and metadata required and why simple links to existing data are insufficient for promoting geothermal exploration. Authors of this paper are Arlene Anderson, US DOE Geothermal Technologies Office, David Blackwell, Southern Methodist University (SMU), Cathy Chickering (SMU), Toni Boyd, Oregon Institute of Technology’s GeoHeat Center, Roland Horne, Stanford University, Matthew MacKenzie, Uberity, Joe Moore, University of Utah, Duane Nickull, Uberity, Stephen Richard, Arizona Geological Survey, and Lisa Shevenell, University of Nevada, Reno. “NGDS User Centered Design: Meeting the Needs of the Geothermal Community,” discusses the user- centered design approach taken in the development of a user interface solution for the NGDS. The development process is research based, highly collaborative, and incorporates state-of-the-art practices to ensure a quality user interface for the widest and greatest utility. Authors of this paper are Harold Blackman, Boise State University, Suzanne Boyd, Anthro-Tech, Kim Patten, Arizona Geological Survey, and Sam Zheng, Siemens Corporate Research. “Fueling Innovation and Adoption by Sharing Data on the DOE Geothermal Data Repository Node on the National Geothermal Data System,” describes the motivation behind the development of the Geothermal Data Repository (GDR) and its role in the NGDS. This includes the benefits of using the GDR to share geothermal data of all types and DOE’s data submission process. Authors of this paper are Jon Weers, National Renewable Energy Laboratory and Arlene Anderson, US DOE Geothermal Technologies Office. Finally, “Developing the NGDS Adoption of CKAN for Domestic & International Data Deployment,” provides an overview of the “Node-In-A-Box” software package designed to provide data consumers with a highly functional interface to access the system, and to ease the burden on data providers who wish to publish data in the system. It is important to note that this software package constitutes a reference implementation and that the NGDS architecture is based on open standards, which means other server software can make resources available, a

  15. A Framework for Defining Logics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Gordon; Honsell, Furio; Harper, Robert

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Edinburgh Logical Framework (LF) provides a means to define (or present) logics. It is based on a general treatment of syntax, rules, and proofs by means of a typed ?-calculus with dependent types. Syntax is treated ...

  16. Sample Business Plan Framework 3

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Department of Energy Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Sample Business Plan Framework 1: A program seeking to continue operations in the post-grant period as a not-for-profit (NGO) entity.

  17. Sample Business Plan Framework 2

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Department of Energy Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Sample Business Plan Framework 1: A program seeking to continue operations in the post-grant period as a not-for-profit (NGO) entity.

  18. Sample Business Plan Framework 4

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Department of Energy Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Sample Business Plan Framework 1: A program seeking to continue operations in the post-grant period as a not-for-profit (NGO) entity.

  19. Sample Business Plan Framework 1

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Department of Energy Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Sample Business Plan Framework 1: A program seeking to continue operations in the post-grant period as a not-for-profit (NGO) entity.

  20. Geologic Framework Model (GFM2000)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    T. Vogt

    2004-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to document the geologic framework model, version GFM2000 with regard to input data, modeling methods, assumptions, uncertainties, limitations, and validation of the model results, and the differences between GFM2000 and previous versions. The version number of this model reflects the year during which the model was constructed. This model supersedes the previous model version, documented in Geologic Framework Model (GFM 3.1) (CRWMS M&O 2000 [DIRS 138860]). The geologic framework model represents a three-dimensional interpretation of the geology surrounding the location of the monitored geologic repository for spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste at Yucca Mountain. The geologic framework model encompasses and is limited to an area of 65 square miles (168 square kilometers) and a volume of 185 cubic miles (771 cubic kilometers). The boundaries of the geologic framework model (shown in Figure 1-1) were chosen to encompass the exploratory boreholes and to provide a geologic framework over the area of interest for hydrologic flow and radionuclide transport modeling through the unsaturated zone (UZ). The upper surface of the model is made up of the surface topography and the depth of the model is constrained by the inferred depth of the Tertiary-Paleozoic unconformity. The geologic framework model was constructed from geologic map and borehole data. Additional information from measured stratigraphic sections, gravity profiles, and seismic profiles was also considered. The intended use of the geologic framework model is to provide a geologic framework over the area of interest consistent with the level of detailed needed for hydrologic flow and radionuclide transport modeling through the UZ and for repository design. The model is limited by the availability of data and relative amount of geologic complexity found in an area. The geologic framework model is inherently limited by scale and content. The grid spacing used in the geologic framework model (200 feet [61 meters]), discussed in Section 6.4.2, limits the size of features that can be resolved by the model but is appropriate for the distribution of data available and its intended use. Uncertainty and limitations are discussed in Section 6.6 and model validation is discussed in Section 7.

  1. Knowledge ecology and knowledge economy interests -can they be compatible? Rainer Kuhlen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhlen, Rainer

    Knowledge ecology and knowledge economy interests - can they be compatible? Rainer Kuhlen and knowledge ecology - can they be compatible? CC 1 #12;Knowledge ecology and knowledge economy interests - can they be compatible? part of #12;Knowledge ecology and knowledge economy interests - can they be compatible? EIS

  2. Deactivation & Decommissioning Knowledge Management Information...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and use by its users supporting a strategic vision of its knowledge base becoming self-sustaining through active participation by the D&D community of practice. Deactivation &...

  3. Landscape Research, Knowledge and Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landscape Research, Knowledge and Change Division of Landscape Architecture SLU Uppsala The Landscape Architect Education 2 Research Themes 3 PhD Students 10 #12; Welcome to the Division of Landscape Architecture! Landscape Architecture is the art

  4. Knowledge Capture and Transfer Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Office of Learning and Workforce Development is working with Heads of Departmental Elements, DOE senior leaders and subject-matter-experts to capture and transfer the knowledge and experiences...

  5. Thermoelectric Activities of European Community within Framework...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of European Community within Framework Programme 7 and additional activities in Germany Thermoelectric Activities of European Community within Framework Programme 7 and...

  6. International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation (IFNEC...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation (IFNEC) Expert meetings in Romania International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation (IFNEC) Expert meetings in Romania...

  7. Energy Sector Cybersecurity Framework Implementation Guidance...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Cybersecurity Framework Implementation Guidance - Notice of Public Comment: Federal Register Notice, Volume 79, No. 177, September 12, 2014 Energy Sector Cybersecurity Framework...

  8. Knowledge Based Enterprises, Knowledge Economy and Knowledge Management: Recommended Academic Journals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graham, Nick

    and Learning International Journal of Learning and Intellectual Capital International Journal of Technology Journal of Information Technology Journal of International Business Studies* Journal of Knowledge of Strategic Information Systems Journal of Technology Transfer Journal of the American Statistical

  9. Medical Discoveries Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalwayHydrothermalMcFarland isDiscoveries Inc Jump to:

  10. Fermilab | Science | Particle Physics | Key Discoveries

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest Region service area. TheEPSCI Home ItDarkDiscoveries WorldwideDarkKey

  11. Stories of Discovery & Innovation: From Human Genome to Materials...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Stories of Discovery & Innovation: From Human Genome to Materials "Genome" Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events...

  12. Supercomputers Drive Discovery of Materials for More Efficient...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Supercomputers Drive Discovery of Materials for More Efficient Carbon Capture Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) ASCR Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights...

  13. ,"New York Dry Natural Gas Reserves New Field Discoveries (Billion...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York Dry Natural Gas Reserves New Field Discoveries (Billion Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2013...

  14. ,"U.S. Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves New Field Discoveries...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves New Field Discoveries (Billion Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",201...

  15. ,"U.S. Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves New Reservoir Discoveries...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields (Billion Cubic...

  16. V-122: IBM Tivoli Application Dependency Discovery Manager Java...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Tivoli Application Dependency Discovery Manager Java Multiple Vulnerabilities March 29, 2013 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: IBM has acknowledged multiple vulnerabilities in IBM Tivoli...

  17. Discovery of the Transuranium Elements (LBNL Summer Lecture Series)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Hoffman, Darleane

    2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Summer Lecture Series 2006: Darleane Hoffman, a Berkeley Lab nuclear chemist, chronicles the discovery of the heaviest elements ? those much heavier than uranium and plutonium.

  18. DISCOVERY OF AN ULTRAMASSIVE PULSATING WHITE DWARF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hermes, J. J.; Castanheira, Barbara G.; Winget, D. E.; Montgomery, M. H.; Harrold, Samuel T. [Department of Astronomy, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Kepler, S. O. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Gianninas, A. [Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, 440 W. Brooks Street, Norman, OK 73019 (United States); Brown, Warren R., E-mail: jjhermes@astro.as.utexas.edu [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We announce the discovery of the most massive pulsating hydrogen-atmosphere white dwarf (WD) ever discovered, GD 518. Model atmosphere fits to the optical spectrum of this star show it is a 12, 030 {+-} 210 K WD with a log g =9.08 {+-} 0.06, which corresponds to a mass of 1.20 {+-} 0.03 M{sub Sun }. Stellar evolution models indicate that the progenitor of such a high-mass WD endured a stable carbon-burning phase, producing an oxygen-neon-core WD. The discovery of pulsations in GD 518 thus offers the first opportunity to probe the interior of a WD with a possible oxygen-neon core. Such a massive WD should also be significantly crystallized at this temperature. The star exhibits multi-periodic luminosity variations at timescales ranging from roughly 425 to 595 s and amplitudes up to 0.7%, consistent in period and amplitude with the observed variability of typical ZZ Ceti stars, which exhibit non-radial g-mode pulsations driven by a hydrogen partial ionization zone. Successfully unraveling both the total mass and core composition of GD 518 provides a unique opportunity to investigate intermediate-mass stellar evolution, and can possibly place an upper limit to the mass of a carbon-oxygen-core WD, which in turn constrains Type Ia supernovae progenitor systems.

  19. UC DAVIS PHYSICAL DESIGN FRAMEWORK PHYSICAL DESIGN FRAMEWORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Campus Framework Strengthen the civic core 3.1 Amplify the bus/bike boulevard 3.2 Connect to the arboretum 3.3 Create identity for district centers 3.4 Connect campus entries to the greater community 3.5 4.2 Appendices 1 West Village Neighborhood Master Plan www.ormp.ucdavis.edu/environreview/lrdp.html#NMP 2 Bike

  20. Learning Quantitative Knowledge for Multiagent Coordination David Jensen, Michael Atighetchi, R'egis Vincent, Victor Lesser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    of these interrelation­ ships can help coordinate agents --- preventing con­ flicts and exploiting beneficial of such non­local effects in TAEMS, a well­developed framework for multiagent coordination. The surprising knowledge. Introduction A major challenge of designing effective multiagent sys­ tems is managing non

  1. ABDUCTIVE LOGIC PROGRAMMING Abductive Logic Programming is a high level knowledge representation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moraitis, Pavlos

    ABDUCTIVE LOGIC PROGRAMMING Abductive Logic Programming is a high level knowledge representation framework that allows us to solve problems declaratively based on abductive reasoning. It extends normal predicates. Problem solving is effected by deriving hypotheses on these abducible predicates (abductive hy

  2. Competency Knowledge Sub Domain Fundamental Knowledge and Clinical Reasoning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leistikow, Bruce N.

    on an understanding of the patient, pathophysiology, application of sound scientific principles, and fundamental mechanisms* and patient specific data** to address simple clinical cases (1,2) · Explains how the principles problems , addressing the pathophysiology and etiology (1,2) · Applies knowledge of the principles

  3. A New Framework for Science and Technology Policy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    VanDevender, J.P.

    1999-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The usual divisions of science and technology into pure research applied research, development, demonstration, and production creates impediments for moving knowledge into socially useful products and services. This failing has been previously discussed without concrete suggestions of how to improve the situation. In the proposed framework the divisive and artificial distinctions of basic and applied are softened, and the complementary and somewhat overlapping roles of universities, corporations, and federal labs are clarified to enable robust partnerships. As a collegial group of scientists and technologists from industry, university, and government agencies and their national laboratories, we have worked together to clarify this framework. We offer the results in hopes of improving the results from investments in science and technology and thereby helping strengthen the social contract between the public and private investors and the scientists-technologists.

  4. An expert system framework for nondestructive waste assay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Becker, G.K.

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Management and disposition of transuranic (RU) waste forms necessitates determining entrained RU and associated radioactive material quantities as per National RU Waste Characterization Program requirements. Technical justification and demonstration of a given NDA method used to determine RU mass and uncertainty in accordance with program quality assurance is difficult for many waste forms. Difficulties are typically founded in waste NDA methods that employ standards compensation and/or employment of simplifying assumptions on waste form configurations. Capability to determine and justify RU mass and mass uncertainty can be enhanced through integration of waste container data/information using expert system and empirical data-driven techniques with conventional data acquisition and analysis. Presented is a preliminary expert system framework that integrates the waste form data base, alogrithmic techniques, statistical analyses, expert domain knowledge bases, and empirical artificial intelligence modules into a cohesive system. The framework design and bases in addition to module development activities are discussed.

  5. Robust Monotonic Optimization Framework for Multicell MISO Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Björnson, Emil; Bengtsson, Mats; Ottersten, Björn

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The performance of multiuser systems is both difficult to measure fairly and to solve optimally. Most resource allocation problems are non-convex, even under simplifying assumptions such as perfect channel knowledge, homogeneous channel properties among users, and simple power constraints. Herein, we establish a general optimization framework that systematically solves these problems to global optimality. The proposed branch-reduce-and-bound (BRB) algorithm handles general multicell downlink systems with single-antenna users, multiantenna transmitters, arbitrary linear power constraints, and robustness to channel uncertainty. The problem of robust optimization with fairness-profile is solved at each iteration, which is a quasi-convex problem and a novel generalization of regular max-min fairness. The BRB algorithm is in general computationally costly, but it shows far better convergence than the previously known outer polyblock approximation algorithm. Our framework is suitable for computing benchmarks in gen...

  6. Knowledge information management toolkit and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hempstead, Antoinette R.; Brown, Kenneth L.

    2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A system is provided for managing user entry and/or modification of knowledge information into a knowledge base file having an integrator support component and a data source access support component. The system includes processing circuitry, memory, a user interface, and a knowledge base toolkit. The memory communicates with the processing circuitry and is configured to store at least one knowledge base. The user interface communicates with the processing circuitry and is configured for user entry and/or modification of knowledge pieces within a knowledge base. The knowledge base toolkit is configured for converting knowledge in at least one knowledge base from a first knowledge base form into a second knowledge base form. A method is also provided.

  7. A Data Mining Framework for Building Intrusion Detection Models Salvatore J. Stolfo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Junfeng

    A Data Mining Framework for Building Intrusion Detection Models Wenke Lee Salvatore J. Stolfo Kui W of expert knowledge, changes to IDSs are expensive and slow. In this paper, we describe a data mining, and apply data mining programs to learn rules that accurately capture the behavior of intrusions and normal

  8. Developing a Regional Recovery Framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lesperance, Ann M.; Olson, Jarrod; Stein, Steven L.; Clark, Rebecca; Kelly, Heather; Sheline, Jim; Tietje, Grant; Williamson, Mark; Woodcock, Jody

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract A biological attack would present an unprecedented challenge for local, state, and federal agencies; the military; the private sector; and individuals on many fronts ranging from vaccination and treatment to prioritization of cleanup actions to waste disposal. To prepare the Seattle region to recover from a biological attack, the Seattle Urban Area Security Initiative (UASI) partners collaborated with military and federal agencies to develop a Regional Recovery Framework for a Biological Attack in the Seattle Urban Area. The goal was to reduce the time and resources required to recover and restore wide urban areas, military installations, and other critical infrastructure following a biological incident by providing a coordinated systems approach. Based on discussions in small workshops, tabletop exercises, and interviews with emergency response agency staff, the partners identified concepts of operation for various areas to address critical issues the region will face as recovery progresses. Key to this recovery is the recovery of the economy. Although the Framework is specific to a catastrophic, wide-area biological attack using anthrax, it was designed to be flexible and scalable so it could also serve as the recovery framework for an all-hazards approach. The Framework also served to coalesce policy questions that must be addressed for long-term recovery. These questions cover such areas as safety and health, security, financial management, waste management, legal issues, and economic development.

  9. UTS Policy Framework: Introduction 11.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University of Technology, Sydney

    UTS Policy Framework: user guide Contents Introduction 11. TheroleofpolicywithintheUniversity 12 Policytemplate 64kbWord Directivetemplate 64kbWord Coversheets Coversheet--policies 48kbWord Coversheet--academicpolicies 48kbWord Coversheet--directives 48kbWord Policy Tools PolicyTool1:IssuesLog 60kbWord PolicyTool2

  10. A knowledge portal for Norway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansen, Tom Henning

    A knowledge portal for Norway 2012 Highlights from the University of Oslo's annual report #12 examinations 14 The Governor of the Bank of Norway's Annual Address: 15 A student ombudsman is introduced 15 for Norway, and in addition to its achievements in the form of education and new research, it has a large

  11. HEART SMART NUTRITION KNOWLEDGE = POWER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lesson 1 HEART SMART NUTRITION KNOWLEDGE = POWER Know Your Cholesterol Number High blood cholesterol is one of the three major risk factors for heart disease that you can change. The other two risk the disease. Heart disease is the number one killer of women and men in the United States. In 2008, over 16

  12. Enhance your Cyber Security Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enhance your Cyber Security Knowledge About NPS CS FUNDAMENTALS: Create a strong foundational by increasing the effectiveness of the armed forces of the United States and its allies. Cyber Security-4015 About CISR #12;Cyber Security Adversarial Techniques Cyber Security Defense Cyber Security Fundamentals

  13. Knowledge Framework for Intelligent Manufacturing Systems Ricardo Jardim-Goncalves* Joo Sarraipa** Carlos Agostinho** Herv Panetto***

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -mail: rg@uninova.pt) ** UNINOVA-GRIS, Group for the Research in Interoperability of Systems - Instituto de&D initiatives, building common semantics and integrated solutions. The SMART-fm project was one of those

  14. ORIGINAL PAPER Creativity and scientific discovery with infused design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shai, Offer

    ORIGINAL PAPER Creativity and scientific discovery with infused design and its analysis with C of a theory. As a first step, we use infused design (ID) method to generate new concepts and methods. Keywords Design theory Á Creativity Á Infused design Á C­K theory Á Scientific discovery 1 Introduction

  15. Announcement Discoveries in Photosynthesis, Volume 20, Advances in Photosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Govindjee "Gov"

    Announcement Discoveries in Photosynthesis, Volume 20, Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration I am delighted to announce the publication, in the Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration (AIPH) series, of the first book that focuses on the historical aspects of photosynthesis research `Discoveries

  16. Inference in Successive Sampling Discovery Models Duke University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Mike

    sample selection mechanisms, and other practical issues. Several analyses of published oil reserve data being sampled. Discovery of oil reserves is their central, very interesting example. The current paper of the other remaining units. In the oil discovery application of Nair and Wang (1989), for example, the four

  17. Mechanistic Studies and Function Discovery of Mononuclear Amidohydrolase Enzymes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Richard Stuart

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    MECHANISTIC STUDIES AND FUNCTION DISCOVERY OF MONONUCLEAR AMIDOHYDROLASE ENZYMES A Dissertation by RICHARD STUART HALL Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2009 Major Subject: Chemistry MECHANISTIC STUDIES AND FUNCTION DISCOVERY OF MONONUCLEAR AMIDOHYDROLASE ENZYMES A Dissertation by RICHARD STUART HALL Submitted...

  18. Wormhole-Resilient Secure Neighbor Discovery in Underwater Acoustic Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Rui

    ), Unmanned Underwater Vehicles (UUV), and surface stations, and nearby nodes communicate via acoustic ratherWormhole-Resilient Secure Neighbor Discovery in Underwater Acoustic Networks Rui Zhang and Yanchao in underwater acoustic networks (UANs) with floating node mobility. In hostile environments, neighbor discovery

  19. Discovery of an Ultracool White Dwarf Companion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Farihi

    2004-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The discovery of a low luminosity common proper motion companion to the white dwarf GD392 at a wide separation of $46''$ is reported. $BVRI$ photometry suggests a low temperature ($T_{\\rm eff}\\sim4000$ K) while $JHK$ data strongly indicate suppressed flux at all near infrared wavelengths. Thus, GD392B is one of the few white dwarfs to show significant collision induced absorption due to the presence of photospheric ${\\rm {H_2}}$ and the first ultracool white dwarf detected as a companion to another star. Models fail to explain GD392B as a normal mass white dwarf. If correct, the cool companion may be explained as a low mass white dwarf or unresolved double degenerate. The similarities of GD392B to known ultracool degenerates are discussed, including some possible implications for the faint end of the white dwarf luminosity function.

  20. Salt dome discoveries mounting in Mississippi

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ericksen, R.L. [Mississippi Office of Geology, Jackson, MS (United States)

    1996-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Exploratory drilling around piercement salt domes in Mississippi has met with a string of successes in recent months. Exploration of these salt features is reported to have been initiated through the review of non-proprietary, 2D seismic data and subsurface control. This preliminary data and work were then selectively upgraded by the acquisition of additional, generally higher quality, conventional 2D seismic lines. This current flurry of successful exploration and ensuing development drilling by Amerada Hess Corp. on the flanks of salt domes in Mississippi has resulted in a number of significant Hosston discoveries/producers at: Carson salt dome in Jefferson Davis County; Dry Creek salt dome in Covington County, Midway salt dome in lamar County, Monticello salt dome in Lawrence County, and Prentiss salt dome in Jefferson Davis County. The resulting production from these fields is gas and condensate, with wells being completed on 640 acre production units.

  1. Discovery of magnetic fields in hot subdwarfs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. J. O'Toole; S. Jordan; S. Friedrich; U. Heber

    2004-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    We present initial results of a project to measure mean longitudinal magnetic fields in a group of sdB/OB/O stars. The project was inspired by the discovery of three super-metal-rich sdOB stars, each having metals (e.g. Ti, V) enhanced by factors of 10^3 to 10^5. Similar behaviour is observed in chemically peculiar A stars, where strong magnetic fields are responsible for the enrichment. With this in mind, we obtained circularly polarised spectra of two of the super-metal-rich sdOBs, two "normal" sdBs and two sdOs using FORS1 on the ESO/VLT. By examining circular polarisation in the hydrogen Balmer lines and in helium lines, we have detected magnetic fields with strengths of 1-2 kG in most of our targets. This suggests that such fields are relatively common in hot subdwarfs.

  2. Planetary Microlensing: From Prediction to Discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholas James Rattenbury

    2006-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Four planets have recently been discovered by gravitational microlensing. The most recent of these discoveries is the lowest-mass planet known to exist around a normal star. The detection of planets in gravitational microlensing events was predicted over a decade ago. Microlensing is now a mature field of astrophysical research and the recent planet detections herald a new chapter in the hunt for low mass extra-solar planets. This paper reviews the basic theory of planetary microlensing, describes the experiments currently in operation for the detection and observation of microlensing events and compares the characteristics of the planetary systems found to date by microlensing. Some proposed schemes for improving the detection rate of planets via microlensing are also discussed.

  3. Framework Application for Core Edge Transport Simulation (FACETS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krasheninnikov, Sergei; Pigarov, Alexander

    2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The FACETS (Framework Application for Core-Edge Transport Simulations) project of Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing (SciDAC) Program was aimed at providing a high-fidelity whole-tokamak modeling for the U.S. magnetic fusion energy program and ITER through coupling separate components for each of the core region, edge region, and wall, with realistic plasma particles and power sources and turbulent transport simulation. The project also aimed at developing advanced numerical algorithms, efficient implicit coupling methods, and software tools utilizing the leadership class computing facilities under Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR). The FACETS project was conducted by a multi-discipline, multi-institutional teams, the Lead PI was J.R. Cary (Tech-X Corp.). In the FACETS project, the Applied Plasma Theory Group at the MAE Department of UCSD developed the Wall and Plasma-Surface Interaction (WALLPSI) module, performed its validation against experimental data, and integrated it into the developed framework. WALLPSI is a one-dimensional, coarse grained, reaction/advection/diffusion code applied to each material boundary cell in the common modeling domain for a tokamak. It incorporates an advanced model for plasma particle transport and retention in the solid matter of plasma facing components, simulation of plasma heat power load handling, calculation of erosion/deposition, and simulation of synergistic effects in strong plasma-wall coupling.

  4. The Gulf Investment Framework, 20102025: Opportunities, Limitations, and Risks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Løw, Erik

    research programme based at the University of Oslo Regardless of discoveries of "new" energy suppliers

  5. International Conference on e-Learning and the Knowledge Society -e-Learning'09 Designing a Decision Engine for Adaptive Training Simulators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borissova, Daniela

    -person learning (by doing, exploring, and discovery) [3]. Having incorporated simulations in the training processInternational Conference on e-Learning and the Knowledge Society - e-Learning'09 - - Designing a Decision Engine for Adaptive Training Simulators Aneliya Ivanova, Elena Yakimova Abstract: The paper

  6. Framework for SCADA Security Policy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensional Electrical Resistivity Structure | Department ofFramework for

  7. E-Print Network 3.0 - analysis accurate discovery Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of faster discovery and space increase... and discovery of service information in mobile ad hoc networks. By extending Bloom filter-based service... summarization scheme, our...

  8. E-Print Network 3.0 - antimalarial drug discovery Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    REVIEWS | DRUG DISCOVERY VOLUME 3 | JUNE 2004 | 509 Summary: . Croft , Reto Brun|| and Solomon Nwaka Increased efforts in antimalarial drug discovery are urgently... for...

  9. Webinar: Using the New Bioenergy KDF for Data Discovery and Research...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Using the New Bioenergy KDF for Data Discovery and Research Webinar: Using the New Bioenergy KDF for Data Discovery and Research Webinar Slides about the new Bioenergy KDF...

  10. A brief history of the Delayed'' discovery of nuclear fission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holden, N.E.

    1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This year marks the Fiftieth Anniversary of the discovery of Nuclear Fission. In the early 1930's, the neutron was discovered, followed by the discovery of artificial radioactivity and then the use of the neutron to produce artificial radioactivity. The first experiments resulting in the fission of uranium took place in 1934. A paper which speculated on fission as an explanation was almost immediately published, yet no one took it seriously not even the author herself. Why did it take an additional five years before anyone realized what had occurred This is an abnormally long time in a period when discoveries, particularly in nuclear physics, seemed to be almost a daily occurrence. The events which led up to the discovery are recounted, with an attempt made to put them into their historical perspective. The role played by Mendeleev's Periodic Table, the role of the natural radioactive decay chain of uranium, the discovery of protactinium, the apparent discovery of masurium (technetium) and a speculation on the reason why Irene Curie may have missed the discovery of nuclear fission will all be discussed. 43 refs.

  11. Feature identification framework and applications (FIFA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Audenaert, Michael Neal

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    collections that provides a general framework for applications while allowing decisions about the details of document representation and features identification to be deferred to domain specific implementations of that framework. These deferred decisions...

  12. Gas adsorption on metal-organic frameworks

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Willis, Richard R. (Cary, IL); Low, John J. (Schaumburg, IL), Faheem, Syed A. (Huntley, IL); Benin, Annabelle I. (Oak Forest, IL); Snurr, Randall Q. (Evanston, IL); Yazaydin, Ahmet Ozgur (Evanston, IL)

    2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention involves the use of certain metal organic frameworks that have been treated with water or another metal titrant in the storage of carbon dioxide. The capacity of these frameworks is significantly increased through this treatment.

  13. Technology Enhanced Interaction Framework Kewalin Angkananon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Technology Enhanced Interaction Framework Kewalin Angkananon ECS University of Southampton interaction framework to help design technology to support communication between people and improve interactions between people, technology and objects, particularly in complex situations. A review of existing

  14. Framework for Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Framework for Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity Version 1.0 National Institute of Standards and Technology February 12, 2014 #12;February 12, 2014 Cybersecurity Framework Version 1.0 Table............................................................................................................. 20 ii #12;February 12, 2014 Cybersecurity Framework Version 1.0 Executive Summary The national

  15. Towards a framework of nuclear competencies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ghitescu, P. [Univ. Politehnica Bucharest, Spl. Independentei 313, 060042 (Romania)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For the countries considering the introduction of a nuclear energy program, the management of human resources should be a part of the wider integrated management system in order to ensure long term safe and reliable operation. Nuclear energy strategy and approaches to human resources development should take into consideration such fundamental aspects as: development and implementation of a workforce plan, required competencies and qualifications, prerequisites for staffing a nuclear energy program, needed training programs and training facilities, qualification and training requirements. Development of common instruments that respond to the above needs and vision has lead to a new concept of European Credit System for Vocational Education and Training. The European Credit System for Vocational Education and Training (ECVET) is based on definition of 'learning outcomes ' in terms of knowledge, skills and competence, and on identification of portfolios of learning outcomes that allow an individual to prove competencies in a coherent manner. ECVET proposes a common understanding of basic definitions of education and training as well as of the new proposed concepts and it should be recognized by all employers in the EU. In this context, a number of 'Euratom Fission Training Schemes' (EFTS) have been launched in specific areas where a shortage of skilled professionals has been identified. In these schemes the competence building is the result of traditional education plus life-long learning, non-traditional learning, and other forms of educational experiences, relying, in particular, on border-less mobility to get acquainted with various sectors. Each particular Training Scheme should follow a similar path for the achievement of the designed learning outcomes (knowledge, skills, and attitudes). This path to the Training Scheme consists of different activities regarding: definition of training scheme learning outcomes and modules, assessment of prerequisites and student selection, student interview for development of individual training plan, start of the training activities under a specific training scheme. The introduction and recognition of ECVET will lead to a common taxonomy of competencies, and will provide also information about qualifications and units in numerical form, enabling mutual recognition of a training scheme. The description of the learning outcomes to be achieved for qualifying to a specific job profile may follow the analysis phase of the systematic approach to training (SAT). This would ensure a common tool, already used by all trainers. All these steps contribute to establishing of a framework of nuclear competencies recognized and accepted throughout member states. (authors)

  16. The Fruition of 4f Discovery, The interplay of basic and applied research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    K.A. Gschneidner, Jr

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A broad base of knowledge is necessary for the successful solution to applied problems, but on the other hand, developing such practical solutions can open the door to new and exciting adventures in basic research. Several such synergistic events are briefly described. These include the design and development of magnetic refrigerant materials (1) for the liquefaction of H{sub 2} gas, and (2) for near-room temperature cooling and refrigeration; and (3) the design and development of cryocooler regenerator materials. The first led to the discovery of both supercooling and superheating in the same substance (Dy and Er); the second to the discovery of the giant magnetocaloric effect, the colossal magnetostriction, and the giant magnetoresistance in the same substance [Gd{sub 5}(Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1-x}{sub 4})]; and the third the disappearance of three of the four magnetically ordered phases in Er by Pr additions in both high purity Er and commercial grade Er.

  17. At the Frontier of Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sabine Hossenfelder

    2010-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    At any time, there are areas of science where we are standing at the frontier of knowledge, and can wonder whether we have reached a fundamental limit to human understanding. What is ultimately possible in physics? I will argue here that it is ultimately impossible to answer this question. For this, I will first distinguish three different reasons why the possibility of progress is doubted and offer examples for these cases. Based on this, one can then identify three reasons for why progress might indeed be impossible, and finally conclude that it is impossible to decide which case we are facing.

  18. Building Knowledge through Families of Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basili, Victor R.

    Building Knowledge through Families of Experiments Victor R. Basili, Fellow, IEEE, Forrest Shull, and build models that represent the common observations about the discipline. This paper discusses building knowledge in an incremental manner through the replication of experiments within families

  19. Report on the project Building knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Building knowledge To build citizens To build cities Report on the project #12;#12;RectoR's message 1. oveReport on the project Building knowledge To build citizens To build cities UPF CAMPUS ICÃ?RIA

  20. Paradise Found: Nature in America at the Time of Discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierotti, Raymond

    2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Review of Paradise Found: Nature in America at the Time of Discovery. Steve Nicholls. 2009. University of Chicago Press, New York and London. Pp. 536. ISBN10: 0226583406 ISBN13: 978-0226583402....

  1. Our Water World 4-H Marine Science Discovery Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    Our Water World 4-H Marine Science Discovery Project Leader Guide OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION. In each activity, supporting information is provided in a background section or as part of the procedures

  2. New Mexico Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves New Field Discoveries...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves New Field Discoveries (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 2010's 0 0 0 0 - ...

  3. Utah Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves New Field Discoveries (Billion...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves New Field Discoveries (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 2010's 0 0 0 0 - ...

  4. Wyoming Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves New Field Discoveries...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves New Field Discoveries (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 2010's 0 0 0 0 - ...

  5. Oklahoma Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves New Field Discoveries...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Oklahoma Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves New Field Discoveries (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 2010's 0 0...

  6. Domain-specific Web Service Discovery with Service Class Descriptions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rocco, D; Caverlee, J; Liu, L; Critchlow, T J

    2005-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents DynaBot, a domain-specific web service discovery system. The core idea of the DynaBot service discovery system is to use domain-specific service class descriptions powered by an intelligent Deep Web crawler. In contrast to current registry-based service discovery systems--like the several available UDDI registries--DynaBot promotes focused crawling of the Deep Web of services and discovers candidate services that are relevant to the domain of interest. It uses intelligent filtering algorithms to match services found by focused crawling with the domain-specific service class descriptions. We demonstrate the capability of DynaBot through the BLAST service discovery scenario and describe our initial experience with DynaBot.

  7. Discovery Grant Program Awards, Listed by PI Last Name

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simaan, Nabil

    in the Desaguaero Basin, Bolivia #12;Discovery Grant Program Awards, Listed by PI Last Name 1999-Present Award Year facility 2000 (Spring 2000) Tom Weiler Physics & Astronomy Particle Astrophysics at Extreme Energies 2001

  8. Transfer Function Design for Scientific Discovery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jian Huang

    2008-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    As computation scales beyond terascale, the scientific problems under study through computing are increasingly pushing the boundaries of human knowledge about the physical world. It is more pivotal than ever to quickly and reliably extract new knowledge from these complex simulations of ultra scale. In this project, the PI expanded the traditional notion of transfer function, which maps physical quantities to visual cues via table look-ups, to include general temporal as well as multivariate patterns that can be described procedurally through specialty mini programming languages. Their efforts aimed at answering a perpetual question of fundamental importance. That is "what a visualization should show". Instead of waiting for application scientists to initiate the process, the team at University of Tennessee worked closely with scientists at ORNL in a proactive role to envision and design elegant, powerful, and reliable tools that a user can use to specify "what is interesting". Their new techniques include visualization operators that revolve around correlation and graph properties, relative patterns in statistical distribution, temporal regular expressions, concurrent attribute subspaces and traditional compound boolean range queries. The team also paid special attention to ensure that all visualization operators are inherently designed with great parallel scalability to handle tera-scale datasets in both homogeneous and heterogeneous environments. Success has been demonstrated with leading edge computational science areas include climate modeling, combustion and systems genetics.

  9. Synthesis and Properties of Nano Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Properties of Nano Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks. Synthesis and Properties of Nano Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks. Abstract: Nano sized zeolitic imidazolate frameworks nZIF-8...

  10. Transferring, Translating and Transforming: An Integrative Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlile, Paul

    2002-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Organizations must establish processes for managing knowledge across boundaries because of the specialized and task-dependent forms of knowledge required to deliver products and services. To address this challenge an ...

  11. Category 1: Epistemology (EPIST) Scientific knowledge is the most objective form of knowledge.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cobern, William W.

    ) Science helps develop our natural resources such as coal, gas, oil, and solar energy. Scientific knowledge today because of scientific knowledge. The development of our natural resources, such as coal, gas, oil knowledge is the truest form of knowledge. Alpha = 0.7475 Category 2: Scientific & the Economy (ECON

  12. Semantics in Support of Biodiversity Knowledge Discovery: An Introduction to the Biological Collections Ontology and Related Ontologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walls, Ramona L.; Deck, John; Guralnick, Robert P.; Baskauf, Steve; Beaman, Reed; Blum, Stanley; Bowers, Shawn; Buttigieg, Pier Luigi; Davies, Neil; Endressen, Dag; Gandolfo, Maria Alejandro; Hanner, Robert; Janning, Alyssa; Krishtalka, Leonard; Matsunaga, André a; Midford, Peter E.; Morrison, Norman; Tuama, É amonn Ó .; Schildhauer, Mark; Smith, Barry; Stucky, Brian J.; Thomer, Andrea; Wieczorek, John; Whitacre, Jamie; Wooley, John

    2014-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The study of biodiversity spans many disciplines and includes data pertaining to species distributions and abundances, genetic sequences, trait measurements, and ecological niches, complemented by information on collection ...

  13. ITL BULLETIN FOR NOVEMBER 2013 ITL RELEASES PRELIMINARY CYBERSECURITY FRAMEWORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ITL BULLETIN FOR NOVEMBER 2013 ITL RELEASES PRELIMINARY CYBERSECURITY FRAMEWORK The Information a Preliminary Cybersecurity Framework for public review and comment. ITL developed the framework based is developing the framework under Executive Order 13636, Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity, which

  14. Discovery of single top quark production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gillberg, Dag

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The top quark is by far the heaviest known fundamental particle with a mass nearing that of a gold atom. Because of this strikingly high mass, the top quark has several unique properties and might play an important role in electroweak symmetry breaking - the mechanism that gives all elementary particles mass. Creating top quarks requires access to very high energy collisions, and at present only the Tevatron collider at Fermilab is capable of reaching these energies. Until now, top quarks have only been observed produced in pairs via the strong interaction. At hadron colliders, it should also be possible to produce single top quarks via the electroweak interaction. Studies of single top quark production provide opportunities to measure the top quark spin, how top quarks mix with other quarks, and to look for new physics beyond the standard model. Because of these interesting properties, scientists have been looking for single top quarks for more than 15 years. This thesis presents the first discovery of single top quark production. An analysis is performed using 2.3 fb{sup -1} of data recorded by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider at centre-of-mass energy {radical}s = 1.96 TeV. Boosted decision trees are used to isolate the single top signal from background, and the single top cross section is measured to be {sigma}(p{bar p} {yields} tb + X, tqb + X) = 3.74{sub -0.74}{sup +0.95} pb. Using the same analysis, a measurement of the amplitude of the CKM matrix element V{sub tb}, governing how top and b quarks mix, is also performed. The measurement yields: |V{sub tb}|f{sub 1}{sup L}| = 1.05{sub -0.12}{sup +0.13}, where f{sub 1}{sup L} is the left-handed Wtb coupling. The separation of signal from background is improved by combining the boosted decision trees with two other multivariate techniques. A new cross section measurement is performed, and the significance for the excess over the predicted background exceeds 5 standard deviations.

  15. The Interactive Knowledge Library: Capturing, Sharing and Synthesizing Tacit Knowledge in Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eaton, Craig M.

    2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Engineering Management Field Project The Interactive Knowledge Library: Capturing, Sharing and Synthesizing Tacit Knowledge in Engineering By Craig M. Eaton Fall Semester, 2006 An EMGT Field Project report submitted... of using a Wiki as a practical engineering knowledge management tool at the corporate level. 2 Chapter Two LITERATURE REVIEW Knowledge Management and Tacit Knowledge From the Merriam Webster Online dictionary (www.m-w.com accessed 16 th Sep 06...

  16. [(CH3)4N][(C5H5NH)0.8((CH3)3NH)0.2]U2Si9O23F4 (USH-8): An Organically Templated Open-Framework Uranium Silicate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiqu

    -Framework Uranium Silicate Xiqu Wang, Jin Huang, and Allan J. Jacobson* Department of Chemistry, Uni to the discovery of a number of porous structures formed from both silicate tetrahedra and transition-metal-centered polyhedra.7-15 Recently we reported a series of porous vanadosilicate compounds that are based on silicate

  17. 5x20 Matrix for Knowledge Management Lifecycle Based on the Five C's Model and a Critical Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    5x20 Matrix for Knowledge Management Lifecycle Based on the Five C's Model and a Critical Review the previous efforts that have investigated the models and frameworks of KM lifecycles. Furthermore of coming out and arising the five C's model to be adopted in organizations vis-à-vis other KM lifecycles

  18. Measuring, monitoring, and assessing software process using PAMPA 2.0 knowledge-based system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jung, Jin Hwan

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Page 1 PAMPA 2.0 Knowledge Base Framework??????????????..?3 2 Integration of Rational Tools & MS Project..?????????????...15 3 PAMPA 2.0 Architecture..?????????????????????16 4 CMM Assessment Procedure..???????????????????..20 5.....??????????????????.......27 2. Rational Unified Process????????????.........27 3. ISO/IEC 12207???????????.??????...28 4. IEEE/EIA 12207..????????????????...28 F. Create an Intelligent Agent to Assess CMM Objectively?.......29 G. Measuring CMM Level???????????.????..30...

  19. Developpement WebFrameworks AJAX Developpement Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richer, Jean-Michel

    D´eveloppement WebFrameworks AJAX D´eveloppement Web Frameworks AJAX Jean-Michel Richer jean-michel.richer@univ-angers.fr http://www.info.univ-angers.fr/pub/richer 2009 1 / 27 #12;D´eveloppement WebFrameworks AJAX Objectif d´eveloppement Web et augmenter l'interactivit´e avec l'utilisateur 2 / 27 #12;D´eveloppement Web

  20. A Conceptual Framework for Progressing Towards Sustainability...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Progressing Towards Sustainability in the Agriculture and Food Sector Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: A Conceptual Framework for Progressing Towards...

  1. Appropriate use of Green Manufacturing Frameworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne; Vijayaraghavan, Athulan; Dornfeld, David

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for Implementing Green Manufacturing,” Trans. North AmericanAppropriate use of Green Manufacturing Frameworks C. Reich-for sustainable or green manufacturing systems and products,

  2. Draft Energy Sector Cybersecurity Framework Implementation Guidance...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and Technology (NIST) released a Cybersecurity Framework. DOE has collaborated with private sector stakeholders through the Electricity Subsector Coordinating Council (ESCC)...

  3. A Surrogate Management Framework Using Rigorous Trust ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Mar 24, 2011 ... gate management frameworks, both in algorithmic design and in the ... Part of this work was developed while this author was visiting.

  4. Gas sensor incorporating a porous framework

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M; Czaja, Alexander U; Wang, Bo; Galatsis, Kosmas; Wang, Kang L; Furukawa, Hiroyasu

    2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure provides sensor for gas sensing including CO.sub.2 gas sensors comprising a porous framework sensing area for binding an analyte gas.

  5. Preparation of metal-catecholate frameworks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yaghi, Omar M.; Gandara-Barragan, Felipe; Lu, Zheng; Wan, Shun

    2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure provides for metal catecholate frameworks, and methods of use thereof, including gas separation, gas storage, catalysis, tunable conductors, supercapacitors, and sensors.

  6. Gas sensor incorporating a porous framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yaghi, Omar M.; Czaja, Alexander U.; Wang, Bo; Furukawa, Hiroyasu; Galatsis, Kosmas; Wang, Kang L.

    2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure provides sensor for gas sensing including CO.sub.2 gas sensors comprising a porous framework sensing area for binding an analyte gas.

  7. Energy Sector Cybersecurity Framework Implementation Guidance

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    JANUARY 2015 ENERGY SECTOR CYBERSECURITY FRAMEWORK IMPLEMENTATION GUIDANCE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF ELECTRICITY DELIVERY AND ENERGY RELIABILITY Energy Sector...

  8. Energy Sector Cybersecurity Framework Implementation Guidance...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Technology (NIST) released a Cybersecurity Framework. DOE has collaborated with private sector stakeholders through the Electricity Subsector Coordinating Council (ESCC) and the...

  9. A data management system, using the KNMI NADC-framework, for input and storage of CESAR data and metadata.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haak, Hein

    A data management system, using the KNMI NADC-framework, for input and storage of CESAR data a data management system to store metadata and Netcdf files with a web portal to browse and download this data. Success Stories RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT "Innovation, Knowledge- and Project Management" Business

  10. Data structures and apparatuses for representing knowledge

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hohimer, Ryan E; Thomson, Judi R; Harvey, William J; Paulson, Patrick R; Whiting, Mark A; Tratz, Stephen C; Chappell, Alan R; Butner, Robert S

    2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Data structures and apparatuses to represent knowledge are disclosed. The processes can comprise labeling elements in a knowledge signature according to concepts in an ontology and populating the elements with confidence values. The data structures can comprise knowledge signatures stored on computer-readable media. The knowledge signatures comprise a matrix structure having elements labeled according to concepts in an ontology, wherein the value of the element represents a confidence that the concept is present in an information space. The apparatus can comprise a knowledge representation unit having at least one ontology stored on a computer-readable medium, at least one data-receiving device, and a processor configured to generate knowledge signatures by comparing datasets obtained by the data-receiving devices to the ontologies.

  11. Supporting Knowledge Transfer through Decomposable Reasoning Artifacts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pike, William A.; May, Richard A.; Turner, Alan E.

    2007-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Technology to support knowledge transfer and cooperative inquiry must offer its users the ability to effectively interpret knowledge structures produced by collaborators. Communicating the reasoning processes that underlie a finding is one method for enhancing interpretation, and can result in more effective evaluation and application of shared knowledge. In knowledge management tools, interpretation is aided by creating knowledge artifacts that can expose their provenance to scrutiny and that can be transformed into diverse representations that suit their consumers’ perspectives and preferences. We outline the information management needs of inquiring communities characterized by hypothesis generation tasks, and propose a model for communication, based in theories of hermeneutics, semiotics, and abduction, in which knowledge structures can be decomposed into the lower-level reasoning artifacts that produced them. We then present a proof-of-concept implementation for an environment to support the capture and communication of analytic products, with emphasis on the domain of intelligence analysis.

  12. Academic Knowledge Transfer in Social Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slater, Mark David

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    179 7.1.4 Gamification of academic knowledgean experiment in gamification of knowledge transfer withina process commonly known as Gamification. Introduction There

  13. ORIGINAL PAPER The interdisciplinary engineering knowledge genome

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shai, Offer

    mastered all necessary knowledge to start and complete projects. Since the industrial revolution empirical discipline. The second industrial revolution saw the emergence of chemical and electrical

  14. Demand Response Valuation Frameworks Paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heffner, Grayson

    2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    While there is general agreement that demand response (DR) is a valued component in a utility resource plan, there is a lack of consensus regarding how to value DR. Establishing the value of DR is a prerequisite to determining how much and what types of DR should be implemented, to which customers DR should be targeted, and a key determinant that drives the development of economically viable DR consumer technology. Most approaches for quantifying the value of DR focus on changes in utility system revenue requirements based on resource plans with and without DR. This ''utility centric'' approach does not assign any value to DR impacts that lower energy and capacity prices, improve reliability, lower system and network operating costs, produce better air quality, and provide improved customer choice and control. Proper valuation of these benefits requires a different basis for monetization. The review concludes that no single methodology today adequately captures the wide range of benefits and value potentially attributed to DR. To provide a more comprehensive valuation approach, current methods such as the Standard Practice Method (SPM) will most likely have to be supplemented with one or more alternative benefit-valuation approaches. This report provides an updated perspective on the DR valuation framework. It includes an introduction and four chapters that address the key elements of demand response valuation, a comprehensive literature review, and specific research recommendations.

  15. A modeling framework for investment planning in interdependent infrastructures in multi-hazard environments.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Nathanael J. K.; Gearhart, Jared Lee; Jones, Dean A.; Nozick, Linda Karen; Prince, Michael

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently, much of protection planning is conducted separately for each infrastructure and hazard. Limited funding requires a balance of expenditures between terrorism and natural hazards based on potential impacts. This report documents the results of a Laboratory Directed Research&Development (LDRD) project that created a modeling framework for investment planning in interdependent infrastructures focused on multiple hazards, including terrorism. To develop this framework, three modeling elements were integrated: natural hazards, terrorism, and interdependent infrastructures. For natural hazards, a methodology was created for specifying events consistent with regional hazards. For terrorism, we modeled the terrorist's actions based on assumptions regarding their knowledge, goals, and target identification strategy. For infrastructures, we focused on predicting post-event performance due to specific terrorist attacks and natural hazard events, tempered by appropriate infrastructure investments. We demonstrate the utility of this framework with various examples, including protection of electric power, roadway, and hospital networks.

  16. Cellular Energy Efficiency Evaluation Framework (Invited Paper)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stevenson, Paul

    Cellular Energy Efficiency Evaluation Framework (Invited Paper) Gunther Auer, Vito Giannini, Istv, the power consumption of the entire system needs to be captured and an appropriate energy efficiency evaluation frameworks are discussed, such that the energy efficiency of the entire network comprising

  17. Freight Analysis Framework version 3 (FAF3)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freight Analysis Framework version 3 (FAF3) Oak Ridge National Laboratory managed by UT Technologies Research Brief T he Freight Analysis Framework version 3 (FAF3) database is a Federal Highway data to enable users to perform train analysis. FAF3 Geography Figure 1 shows the analysis regions

  18. A FRAMEWORK FOR MEASURING SUPERCOMPUTER PRODUCTIVITY1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bader, David A.

    A FRAMEWORK FOR MEASURING SUPERCOMPUTER PRODUCTIVITY1 10/30/2003 Marc Snir2 and David A. Bader3 Abstract We propose a framework for measuring the productivity of High Performance Computing (HPC) systems, based on common economic definitions of productivity and on Utility Theory. We discuss how

  19. UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE UNITED NATIONS 1992 FCCC/INFORMAL/84 GE.05-62220 (E) 200705 #12;UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE The Parties to this Convention in predictions of climate change, particularly with regard to the timing, magnitude and regional patterns thereof

  20. Bibliography on Logical Frameworks Frank Pfenning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pfenning, Frank

    is a formal meta-language for deductive systems. The pri* *mary tasks sup- ported in logical frameworks, New Jersey, Jul* *y 1996. IEEE Computer Society Press. [7]Penny Anderson. Program Derivation as Technical Report CMU-CS-93-206. [8]Penny Anderson. Program extraction in a logical framework setting

  1. Knowledge management and learning in the organizational context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    63 Knowledge management and learning in the organizational context Albena Antonova, Elissaveta and explicit knowledge, considers organizational learning and knowledge workers specifics. In the centre management, learning, organizational learning 1. THE KNOWLEDGE DIMENSIONS The concepts and nature

  2. Learning Energy Demand Domain Knowledge via Feature Transformation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Povinelli, Richard J.

    Learning Energy Demand Domain Knowledge via Feature Transformation Sanzad Siddique Department -- Domain knowledge is an essential factor for forecasting energy demand. This paper introduces a method knowledge substantially improves energy demand forecasting accuracy. However, domain knowledge may differ

  3. The Discovery of the Higgs Boson: America's Role

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2013-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The discovery of the Higgs boson was an international endeavor, involving thousands of physicists from across the world. While the accelerator at which the experimental work was done is located on Europe, the US supplied more physicists than any other single country. America had a very large role in the discovery of the Higgs particle and continues to have a leading role in the ongoing studies of the boson's properties. This video describes some of the contributions of U.S. universities and laboratories.

  4. The Discovery of the Higgs Boson: America's Role

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2014-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The discovery of the Higgs boson was an international endeavor, involving thousands of physicists from across the world. While the accelerator at which the experimental work was done is located on Europe, the US supplied more physicists than any other single country. America had a very large role in the discovery of the Higgs particle and continues to have a leading role in the ongoing studies of the boson's properties. This video describes some of the contributions of U.S. universities and laboratories.

  5. Knowledge Management at the Fast Flux Test Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wootan, David W.; Omberg, Ronald P.

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the goals of the Department of Energy’s Office of Nuclear Energy, initiated under the Fuel Cycle Research and Development Program (FCRD) and continued under the Advanced Reactor Concepts Program (ARC) is to preserve the knowledge that has been gained in the United States on Liquid Metal Reactors (LMRs) that could support the development of an environmentally and economically sound nuclear fuel cycle. The Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) is the most recent LMR to operate in the United States, from 1982 to 1992, and was designed as a fully instrumented test reactor with on-line, real time test control and performance monitoring of components and tests installed in the reactor. The 10 years of operation of the FFTF provided a very useful framework for testing the advances in LMR safety technology based on passive safety features that may be of increased importance to new designs after the events at Fukushima. Knowledge preservation at the FFTF is focused on the areas of design, construction, and startup of the reactor, as well as on preserving information obtained from 10 years of successful operating history and extensive irradiation testing of fuels and materials. In order to ensure protection of information at risk, the program to date has sequestered reports, files, tapes, and drawings to allow for secure retrieval. The FFTF knowledge management program includes a disciplined and orderly approach to respond to client’s requests for documents and data in order to minimize the search effort and ensure that future requests for this information can be readily accommodated.

  6. OBJECTIVES OF THE EDINBURGH KNOWLEDGE ENVIRONMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    OBJECTIVES OF THE EDINBURGH KNOWLEDGE ENVIRONMENT PARTNERSHIP The University of Edinburgh, Heriot and natural environment. The Edinburgh Knowledge Environment Partnership will thus provide a unique research between key stakeholders in the built and natural environment and to reach out in assisting

  7. Rural Knowledge Clusters: Implications for Minnesota State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinson, David M.

    communities face tremendous challenges in adapting to a knowledge-based global economy. The "knowledge economy to innovate. Traditional rural economic staples are under growing pressure due to globalization of markets, and diseconomies of scale and outmigration hinder adjustment in the rural economy. Consequently a growing gap

  8. A Product Software Knowledge Infrastructure for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    1 A Product Software Knowledge Infrastructure for Situational Capability Maturation: Vision and Case Studies in Product Management Inge van de Weerd, Johan Versendaal and Sjaak Brinkkemper Department-3275 #12;2 A Product Software Knowledge Infrastructure for Situational Capability Maturation: Vision

  9. Applied knowledge to meet society's needs.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langendoen, Koen

    Applied knowledge to meet society's needs. Applied Physics covers phenomena ranging from knowledge and hands-on experience in experimental techniques, theoretical analysis, simulation and modelling of radiation. The focus of the research is on energy and health. While the topics addressed ­ covering

  10. Discovery in Hydrating Plaster Using Multiple Machine Learning Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    Discovery in Hydrating Plaster Using Multiple Machine Learning Methods Judith E. Devaney, John G plaster over multiple time periods. We use three dimensional data obtained through X-ray microtomography of the plaster datasets that had been labeled with their autoclass predictions. The rules were found to have both

  11. Piton Peaks, St. Lucia 515 Caribbean Discovery V1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connor, Ed

    · · · · · #12;V1 Piton Peaks, St. Lucia 515 Caribbean Discovery V1 PRSRTSTD U.S.POSTAGE PERMIT cruise the turquoise waters of the Caribbean. Sail from Miami to the beautiful island of Tortola, home beaches, and explore colorful towns as you discover the Caribbean. Cruise to celebrated ports aboard

  12. Historical review of californium-252 discovery and development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stoddard, D.H.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses the discovery and history of californium 252. This isotope may be synthesized by irradiating plutonium 239, plutonium 242, americium 243, or curium 244 with neutrons in a nuclear reactor. Various experiments and inventions involving /sup 252/Cf conducted at the Savannah River Plant are discussed. The evolution of radiotherapy using californium 252 is reviewed. (PLG)

  13. THE DISCOVERY OF LOWER ACICULAR FERRITE 10.1 INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    CHAPTER 10 THE DISCOVERY OF LOWER ACICULAR FERRITE 10.1 INTRODUCTION There is general agreement that a weld microstructure primarily containing acicu- lar ferrite will exhibit high strength and excellent of allotriomorphic ferrite, ferrite plates with aligned carbides, or grain-boundary nucleated bainite is considered

  14. Discovery of dysprosium, holmium, erbium, thulium, and ytterbium isotopes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fry, C.; Thoennessen, M., E-mail: thoennessen@nscl.msu.edu

    2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently, thirty-one dysprosium, thirty-two holmium, thirty-two erbium, thirty-three thulium, and thirty-one ytterbium isotopes have been observed and the discovery of these isotopes is described here. For each isotope a brief synopsis of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  15. Discovery of palladium, antimony, tellurium, iodine, and xenon isotopes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kathawa, J.; Fry, C.; Thoennessen, M., E-mail: thoennessen@nscl.msu.edu

    2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently, thirty-eight palladium, thirty-eight antimony, thirty-nine tellurium, thirty-eight iodine, and forty xenon isotopes have been observed and the discovery of these isotopes is described here. For each isotope a brief synopsis of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  16. Discovery of the astatine, radon, francium, and radium isotopes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fry, C.; Thoennessen, M., E-mail: thoennessen@nscl.msu.edu

    2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Thirty-nine astatine, thirty-nine radon, thirty-five francium, and thirty-four radium isotopes have so far been observed; the discovery of these isotopes is described. For each isotope a brief summary of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  17. Discovery of samarium, europium, gadolinium, and terbium isotopes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    May, E.; Thoennessen, M., E-mail: thoennessen@nscl.msu.edu

    2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently, thirty-four samarium, thirty-four europium, thirty-one gadolinium, and thirty-one terbium isotopes have been observed and the discovery of these isotopes is described here. For each isotope a brief synopsis of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  18. Discovery of Rubidium, Strontium, Molybdenum, and Rhodium Isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, A M

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently, thirty-one rubidium, thirty-five strontium, thirty-five molybdenum and thirty-eight rhodium isotopes have been observed and the discovery of these isotopes is discussed here. For each isotope a brief synopsis of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  19. Discovery of rubidium, strontium, molybdenum, and rhodium isotopes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parker, A.M.; Thoennessen, M., E-mail: thoennessen@nscl.msu.edu

    2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently, 31 rubidium, 35 strontium, 35 molybdenum, and 38 rhodium isotopes have been observed and the discovery of these isotopes is described here. For each isotope a brief synopsis of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  20. Discovery of Rubidium, Strontium, Molybdenum, and Rhodium Isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. M. Parker; M. Thoennessen

    2011-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently, thirty-one rubidium, thirty-five strontium, thirty-five molybdenum and thirty-eight rhodium isotopes have been observed and the discovery of these isotopes is discussed here. For each isotope a brief synopsis of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  1. Excellence Environment Learning Discovery People We are one of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    Excellence · Environment · Learning · Discovery · People #12;21 We are one of Canada's premier small universities. We welcome you to share our passion for excellence, the environment, people-winning students and professors. The Environment: We are Canada's Green University. We explore the relationships

  2. Discovery of the actinium, thorium, protactinium, and uranium isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Fry; M. Thoennessen

    2012-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently, 31 actinium, 31 thorium, 28 protactinium, and 23 uranium isotopes have so far been observed; the discovery of these isotopes is discussed. For each isotope a brief summary of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  3. Research Focus High-throughput screens for fluorescent dye discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carpenter, Anne E.

    Research Focus High-throughput screens for fluorescent dye discovery Vebjorn Ljosa and Anne E of a combinatorial library of fluorescent compounds discovered fluorescent dyes that were able to distinguish myoblasts from differentiated myotubes. New fluorescent dyes that respond to biologically relevant changes

  4. NASA Exploration and Innovation Lead to New Discoveries Five heavyweight

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waliser, Duane E.

    NASA Exploration and Innovation Lead to New Discoveries Five heavyweight lifting-body designs 1960 1961 1962 19641963 1965 1966 1967 1968 19691959 Lifting Bodies 1962-1975 Gemini 1962 disposal. Weather Satellites 1960-Present NASA launched the first Television Infrared

  5. Clustering WSDL Documents to Bootstrap the Discovery of Web Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clustering WSDL Documents to Bootstrap the Discovery of Web Services Khalid Elgazzar, Ahmed E}@cs.queensu.ca Abstract--The increasing use of the Web for everyday tasks is making Web services an essential part of the Internet customer's daily life. Users query the Internet for a required Web service and get back a set

  6. Discovery Park Impact Attracting New Companies and Start-ups

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holland, Jeffrey

    Discovery Park Impact Attracting New Companies and Start-ups NEED The state of Indiana is positioned to attract new companies and startups, especially those companies in the life sciences sector with PDS Biotechnology, a company formed around innovative liposome drug delivery technology from

  7. Rigor Through the Lens of Drug Discovery and Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    flavors of incentives: economic, social, and moral. · Academic and Industrial cultures/ incentivesRigor Through the Lens of Drug Discovery and Development · The game · Culture and incentives · Our and development? · Resources: Money, time, and access to multiple non-academic skill sets · Incentives/ Culture

  8. Comparative Genomic Discovery of miRNAs Grad et al.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Church, George M.

    Comparative Genomic Discovery of miRNAs Grad et al. Computational and Experimental Identification throughout the adult life cycle (Feinbaum and Ambros, 1999; Lee et al., 1993; Reinhart et al., 2000 al., 1993; Wightman et al., 1993; Reinhart et al., 2000; Slack et al., 2000). Both lin-4 and let-7

  9. Molecular Fragment Mining for Drug Discovery Christian Borgelt1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berthold, Michael R.

    Molecular Fragment Mining for Drug Discovery Christian Borgelt1 , Michael R. Berthold2 , and David will be active or inactive, so that future chemical tests can be focused on the most promis- ing candidates that discriminate between active and inactive molecules. In this paper we review this approach as well as two

  10. Minnesota Discovery, Research and InnoVation Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanchette, Robert A.

    and surveillance for existing and emerging plant, human and animal pathogens Novel food processing10/16/12 1 Minnesota Discovery, Research and InnoVation Economy (MnDRIVE) Board of Regents October the challenges and capture the opportunities for MN 4. What difference can we make? Catalyze innovation, empower

  11. Theory Revision in Equation Discovery Ljupco Todorovski and Saso Dzeroski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dzeroski, Saso

    . Section 5 presents the experiments with revising the earth-science equation model. The last sectionTheory Revision in Equation Discovery Ljupco Todorovski and Saso Dzeroski Department of Intelligent than from an initial hypothesis in the space of equations. On the other hand, theory revision systems

  12. Short Communication Discovery of a regionally important green turtle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Exeter, University of

    Short Communication Discovery of a regionally important green turtle Chelonia mydas rookery), distributed diffusely along the coast, but also identified hitherto undescribed green turtle Chelonia mydas nesting aggregations. The most important green turtle nesting site was the 12 km of beach south

  13. Backbone Discovery In Thick Wireless Linear Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jie

    , lower energy consumption, as well as larger storage and communication capacities. In addition and provided a classification and motivation for designing networking protocols that can take advantage, energy consumption, and network lifetime. In this paper, we provide a topology discovery protocol

  14. Discovery of Chromium, Manganese, Nickel, and Copper Isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Garofali; R. Robinson; M. Thoennessen

    2010-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Twenty-seven chromium, twenty-five manganese, thirty-one nickel and twenty-six copper isotopes have so far been observed and the discovery of these isotopes is discussed. For each isotope a brief synopsis of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  15. Optimization of a Neutrino Factory: Discovery Machine versus Precision Instrument

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter Winter

    2007-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the optimization of a neutrino factory experiment for the purpose of sin^2(2theta_13), mass hierarchy, and CP violation discoveries. This includes a review of possible optimization strategies, as well as an application of these to different sin^2(2theta_13) regions.

  16. Discovery of Cesium, Lanthanum, Praseodymium and Promethium Isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    May, E

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently, forty-one cesium, thirty-five lanthanum, thirty-two praseodymium, and thirty-one promethium, isotopes have been observed and the discovery of these isotopes is discussed here. For each isotope a brief synopsis of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  17. Discovery of Cesium, Lanthanum, Praseodymium and Promethium Isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. May; M. Thoennessen

    2011-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently, forty-one cesium, thirty-five lanthanum, thirty-two praseodymium, and thirty-one promethium, isotopes have been observed and the discovery of these isotopes is discussed here. For each isotope a brief synopsis of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  18. DISCOVERY OF MUTATED SUBNETWORKS ASSOCIATED WITH CLINICAL DATA IN CANCER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raphael, Ben J.

    DISCOVERY OF MUTATED SUBNETWORKS ASSOCIATED WITH CLINICAL DATA IN CANCER FABIO VANDIN, PATRICK CLAY,pclay,eli,braphael}@cs.brown.edu A major goal of cancer sequencing projects is to identify genetic alterations that determine clinical phenotypes, such as survival time or drug response. Somatic mutations in cancer are typically very diverse

  19. Node discovery and replacement using mobile Kalypso Magklara1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Node discovery and replacement using mobile robot Kalypso Magklara1 , Dimitrios Zorbas1 and Tahiry, that discovers the nodes around it and replaces the active nodes, whose energy is drained, by fully charged and that decide, which nodes to replace. We simulate our algorithms and our findings show that all nodes that fail

  20. Linked Environments for Atmospheric Discovery Linked Environments for Atmospheric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unidata Program Center #12;Linked Environments for Atmospheric Discovery The Team: 9 institutions and 105 MethodologyTraditional NWP Methodology STATIC OBSERVATIONS Radar Data Mobile Mesonets Surface Observations Satellites The Process is Entirely Prescheduled and Serial; It Does NOT Respond to the Weather! The Process

  1. Automated Discovery of Structural Signatures of Protein Fold and Function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muggleton, Stephen H.

    Automated Discovery of Structural Signatures of Protein Fold and Function Marcel Turcotte1 sys- tematically for protein fold signatures, we have explored the use of Inductive Logic Programming fold. The work showed that signatures of protein folds exist, about half of rules discov- ered

  2. STFC Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2009/10 Economic Impact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STFC Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2009/10 Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2009/10 #12;STFC Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2009/10 Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2009/10 #12;STFC Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2009/10 1 Contents: Introduction

  3. Biomarker Discovery and Validation for Proteomics and Genomics: Modeling And Systematic Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atashpazgargari, Esmaeil

    2014-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Discovery and validation of protein biomarkers with high specificity is the main challenge of current proteomics studies. Different mass spectrometry models are used as shotgun tools for discovery of biomarkers which is usually done on a small...

  4. Incremental learning for automated knowledge capture.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benz, Zachary O.; Basilico, Justin Derrick; Davis, Warren Leon,; Dixon, Kevin R.; Jones, Brian S.; Martin, Nathaniel; Wendt, Jeremy Daniel

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    People responding to high-consequence national-security situations need tools to help them make the right decision quickly. The dynamic, time-critical, and ever-changing nature of these situations, especially those involving an adversary, require models of decision support that can dynamically react as a situation unfolds and changes. Automated knowledge capture is a key part of creating individualized models of decision making in many situations because it has been demonstrated as a very robust way to populate computational models of cognition. However, existing automated knowledge capture techniques only populate a knowledge model with data prior to its use, after which the knowledge model is static and unchanging. In contrast, humans, including our national-security adversaries, continually learn, adapt, and create new knowledge as they make decisions and witness their effect. This artificial dichotomy between creation and use exists because the majority of automated knowledge capture techniques are based on traditional batch machine-learning and statistical algorithms. These algorithms are primarily designed to optimize the accuracy of their predictions and only secondarily, if at all, concerned with issues such as speed, memory use, or ability to be incrementally updated. Thus, when new data arrives, batch algorithms used for automated knowledge capture currently require significant recomputation, frequently from scratch, which makes them ill suited for use in dynamic, timecritical, high-consequence decision making environments. In this work we seek to explore and expand upon the capabilities of dynamic, incremental models that can adapt to an ever-changing feature space.

  5. A Combined Doctrine of Knowledge for Plato

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laidlaw-Johnson, E. A.

    describes the soul as a long-lived thing that wears out several short-lived bodies much as a person wears out several coats in a life time (Ph. 87d). While this soul/body distinction will aid in our understanding of knowledge, it is the soul...—a man's recollection of a single piece of knowledge. The characterizations of learning in the Phaedo and Meno are compatible with the theory of knowledge via recollection-the doctrine introduced in the Meno. Gearly, both the Phaedo and Meno accounts...

  6. Thiophene-based covalent organic frameworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertrand, Guillaume

    We report the synthesis and characterization of covalent organic frameworks (COFs) incorporating thiophene-based building blocks. We show that these are amenable to reticular synthesis, and that bent ditopic monomers, such ...

  7. A modelling framework for Synthetic Biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A modelling framework for Synthetic Biology Jakob Jakobsen Boysen Sune Mølgaard Laursen Kongens, 14-03-2014 Jakob Jakobsen Boysen & Sune Mølgaard Laursen #12;vi #12;Contents Summary (English) i

  8. A flexible design framework for autonomous mowing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraft, Justin (Justin A.)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This work outlines the creation of a flexible design framework for autonomous mowing to meet changing customer needs and functionality across a spectrum of applications from residential areas to sport complexes. The thesis ...

  9. A global framework for scene gist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greene, Michelle R

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Human observers are able to rapidly and accurately categorize natural scenes, but the representation mediating this feat is still unknown. Here we propose a framework of rapid scene categorization that does not segment a ...

  10. College of Engineering Discovery with Purpose www.engineering.iastate.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Zhiqun

    Discovery with Purpose www.engineering.iastate.edu Chemistry Placement Options · Chem 177: General ChemistryCollege of Engineering Discovery with Purpose www.engineering.iastate.edu Welcome to the College of Engineering! College of Engineering #12;College of Engineering Discovery with Purpose www.engineering

  11. Seymour Marine Discovery Center at Long Marine Lab 100 Shaffer Road * Santa Cruz, CA 95060

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Seymour Marine Discovery Center at Long Marine Lab 100 Shaffer Road * Santa Cruz, CA 95060 (831) 459-3800 2014 Endowment Challenge to benefit Seymour Marine Discovery Center SANTA CRUZ, CA Discovery Center at Long Marine Lab 100 Shaffer Road * Santa Cruz, CA 95060 (831) 459-3800 Open

  12. The Assessment of Evidence in the Discovery of a Higgs Boson David A. van Dyk*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    The Assessment of Evidence in the Discovery of a Higgs Boson David A. van Dyk* Imperial College London, United Kingdom dvandyk@imperial.ac.uk The 2012-2013 discovery of a Higgs boson filled the last in a 40-year search that culminated in the discovery of a Higgs boson. This talk reviews these statistical

  13. Gateway Discovery Algorithm for Ad-Hoc Networks Using HELLO Messages Matthias Rosenschon a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rakocevic, Veselin

    Gateway Discovery Algorithm for Ad-Hoc Networks Using HELLO Messages Matthias Rosenschon studied in the literature up to now. This paper describes an approach for gateway discovery based on HELLO-hoc networks, MANET, gateway discovery, AODV, HELLO packets 1. INTRODUCTION Multihop wireless access networks

  14. An Argument for Knowledge Variety in Evidence-Based Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martelli, Peter Fabrizio

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hansonian and Harmonian Abduction as Models of Discovery. ”also known as abduction, is a form of inference originatingthe case. Hansonian abduction 12 is a mode of inference that

  15. BIKE INFRASTRUCTURES Collecting knowledge of biking behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, René Rydhof

    collection #12;2 A&D FILES ISSN: 1603-6204 VOLUME 51 TITEL Collecting knowledge of biking behavior into three sections (3 x 70 respondents, i.e. 210 respondents in total) ­ each section following the same

  16. Strathclyde Links Useful Knowledge for Growing Companies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mottram, Nigel

    Strathclyde Links Useful Knowledge for Growing Companies Arecent project, supported by Strathclyde Tibor Illes in the Department of Management Science, with University spin- out company, Cascade applications. The company identified the need for academic research expertise when reviewing one

  17. Conceptual Framework for Developing Resilience Metrics for the...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Conceptual Framework for Developing Resilience Metrics for the Electricity, Oil, and Gas Sectors in the United States (September 2014) Conceptual Framework for Developing...

  18. assessment framework: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 Approach & Implementation Basically, the NAVTAG framework consist of three Hammerton, James 17 COMMENT Addressing a critique of the TEASI framework for invasive species risk...

  19. Deputy Secretary Poneman to Attend International Framework for...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    to Attend International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation Meeting in Jordan Deputy Secretary Poneman to Attend International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation Meeting...

  20. International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation to Hold...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation to Hold Ministerial-Level Meeting Sept. 29 in Warsaw, Poland International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation to Hold...

  1. SciTech Connect: Metal-Organic Framework Templated Inorganic...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Metal-Organic Framework Templated Inorganic Sorbents for Rapid and Efficient Extraction of Heavy Metals Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Metal-Organic Framework Templated...

  2. Recovery Act: Smart Grid Interoperability Standards and Framework...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Act: Smart Grid Interoperability Standards and Framework Recovery Act: Smart Grid Interoperability Standards and Framework May 18, 2009 Locke, Chu Announce Significant Steps in...

  3. Experimental Discovery of Topological Insulators and Related Superconductors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hasan, M. Zahid (Princeton) [Princeton

    2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Most quantum states of condensed matter are categorized by the symmetries they break. The remarkable discovery of charge Quantum Hall effects (1980s) revealed that there exists an organizational principle of matter based only on the topological distinctions, but in the presence of time-reversal symmetry breaking. In the past few years, theoretical developments suggest that new classes of topological states of matter might exist that are purely topological in nature in the sense that they do not break time-reversal symmetry, and hence can be realized without any applied magnetic field: "Quantum Hall-like effects without Magnetic Fields." This talk describes our discovery of new topologically ordered states of matter (topological insulators) and discusses the unusual electro-magnetic, spin, and superconducting properties this novel phase of quantum matter might exhibit and their potential applications.

  4. The LHC Higgs Boson Discovery: Implications for Finite Unified Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Heinemeyer; M. Mondragon; G. Zoupanos

    2014-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Finite Unified Theories (FUTs) are N = 1 supersymmetric Grand Unified Theories (GUTs) which can be made finite to all-loop orders, based on the principle of reduction of couplings, and therefore are provided with a large predictive power. We confront the predictions of an SU(5) FUT with the top and bottom quark masses and other low-energy experimental constraints, resulting in a relatively heavy SUSY spectrum, naturally consistent with the non-observation of those particles at the LHC. The light Higgs boson mass is automatically predicted in the range compatible with the Higgs discovery at the LHC. Requiring a light Higgs-boson mass in the precise range of M_h = 125.6 +- 2.1 GeV favors the lower part of the allowed spectrum, resulting in clear predictions for the discovery potential at current and future pp, as well as future e+e- colliders.

  5. View Discovery in OLAP Databases through Statistical Combinatorial Optimization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joslyn, Cliff A.; Burke, Edward J.; Critchlow, Terence J.

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The capability of OLAP database software systems to handle data complexity comes at a high price for analysts, presenting them a combinatorially vast space of views of a relational database. We respond to the need to deploy technologies sufficient to allow users to guide themselves to areas of local structure by casting the space of ``views'' of an OLAP database as a combinatorial object of all projections and subsets, and ``view discovery'' as an search process over that lattice. We equip the view lattice with statistical information theoretical measures sufficient to support a combinatorial optimization process. We outline ``hop-chaining'' as a particular view discovery algorithm over this object, wherein users are guided across a permutation of the dimensions by searching for successive two-dimensional views, pushing seen dimensions into an increasingly large background filter in a ``spiraling'' search process. We illustrate this work in the context of data cubes recording summary statistics for radiation portal monitors at US ports.

  6. A .net based resource sharing framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xiaohan

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents an Internet resource sharing architecture. It allows users to access and utilize unused computer resources, such as CPU cycles and storage, without an expert's knowledge. It achieves this by providing ...

  7. Frontiers for Discovery in High Energy Density Physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davidson, R. C.; Katsouleas, T.; Arons, J.; Baring, M.; Deeney, C.; Di Mauro, L.; Ditmire, T.; Falcone, R.; Hammer, D.; Hill, W.; Jacak, B.; Joshi, C.; Lamb, F.; Lee, R.; Logan, B. G.; Melissinos, A.; Meyerhofer, D.; Mori, W.; Murnane, M.; Remington, B.; Rosner, R.; Schneider, D.; Silvera, I.; Stone, J.; Wilde, B.; Zajc. W.

    2004-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The report is intended to identify the compelling research opportunities of high intellectual value in high energy density physics. The opportunities for discovery include the broad scope of this highly interdisciplinary field that spans a wide range of physics areas including plasma physics, laser and particle beam physics, nuclear physics, astrophysics, atomic and molecular physics, materials science and condensed matter physics, intense radiation-matter interaction physics, fluid dynamics, and magnetohydrodynamics

  8. Exploration and Empire: Iconographic Evidence of Iberian Ships of Discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bojakowski, Katie

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    .09????????????????????????. Figure 6 MA01; the caravel (MA01.02) is shown on the right.??????.?. Figure 7 One-masted caravel under sail (1C-2)?????????????? Figure 8 Two-masted caravels under sail (2C-6) and at anchor (2C-4)..???? Figure 9 Two-masted caravels under sail (2C...?????????????????????????? ix LIST OF TABLES??????????????????????????.. CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION?????????????????????. 1.1 Research Objectives and Parameters.??????????. II HISTORICAL CONTEXT OF IBERIAN CARTOGRAPHY AND SEAFARING IN THE AGE OF DISCOVERY...

  9. Discovery of a Potent And Selective Aurora Kinase Inhibitor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oslob, J.D.; Romanowski, M.J.; Allen, D.A.; Baskaran, S.; Bui, M.; Elling, R.A.; Flanagan, W.M.; Fung, A.D.; Hanan, E.J.; Harris, S.; Heumann, S.A.; Hoch, U.; Jacobs, J.W.; Lam, J.; Lawrence, C.E.; McDowell, R.S.; Nannini, M.A.; Shen, W.; Silverman, J.A.; Sopko, M.M.; Tangonan, B.T.

    2009-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This communication describes the discovery of a novel series of Aurora kinase inhibitors. Key SAR and critical binding elements are discussed. Some of the more advanced analogues potently inhibit cellular proliferation and induce phenotypes consistent with Aurora kinase inhibition. In particular, compound 21 (SNS-314) is a potent and selective Aurora kinase inhibitor that exhibits significant activity in pre-clinical in vivo tumor models.

  10. Kids at Camp Discovery Bond Over Building Electric Vehicle

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Each year, about 150 kids gather during the summer at Camp Discovery in Kerrville, Texas, to learn new things and have fun. But this isn't an ordinary summer camp — the attendees, ages seven to 16, all have been diagnosed with cancer. During the course of a week, campers get a great learning experience, but they also have the opportunity to talk about their experiences.

  11. DISCOVERY OF FIVE NEW PULSARS IN ARCHIVAL DATA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mickaliger, M. B.; Collins, A.; Hough, L.; Tehrani, N.; Tenney, C.; Liska, A.; Swiggum, J.; Lorimer, D. R.; McLaughlin, M. A.; Boyles, J. [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506 (United States)

    2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Reprocessing of the Parkes Multibeam Pulsar Survey has resulted in the discovery of five previously unknown pulsars and several as-yet-unconfirmed candidates. PSR J0922-52 has a period of 9.68 ms and a dispersion measure (DM) of 122.4 pc cm{sup -3}. PSR J1147-66 has a period of 3.72 ms and a DM of 133.8 pc cm{sup -3}. PSR J1227-6208 has a period of 34.53 ms, a DM of 362.6 pc cm{sup -3}, is in a 6.7 day binary orbit, and was independently detected in an ongoing high-resolution Parkes survey by Thornton et al. and also in independent processing by Einstein-Home volunteers. PSR J1546-59 has a period of 7.80 ms and a DM of 168.3 pc cm{sup -3}. PSR J1725-3853 is an isolated 4.79 ms pulsar with a DM of 158.2 pc cm{sup -3}. These pulsars were likely missed in earlier processing efforts due to the fact that they have both high DMs and short periods, and also due to the large number of candidates that needed to be looked through. These discoveries suggest that further pulsars are awaiting discovery in the multibeam survey data.

  12. DISCOVERY OF FAST, LARGE-AMPLITUDE OPTICAL VARIABILITY OF V648 Car (=SS73-17)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Angeloni, R. [Departamento de Astronomia y Astrofisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Vicuna Mackenna 4860, 7820436 Macul, Santiago (Chile); Di Mille, F. [Sydney Institute for Astronomy, The University of Sydney, 44-70 Rosehill Street, Redfern, NSW 2016 (Australia); Ferreira Lopes, C. E. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica e Experimental, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Campus Universitario, Lagoa Nova, CEP 59078-970 Natal/RN (Brazil); Masetti, N., E-mail: rangelon@astro.puc.cl, E-mail: fdimille@aao.gov.au, E-mail: carlos_eduardo@dfte.ufrn.br, E-mail: masetti@iasfbo.inaf.it [INAF-Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica di Bologna, via Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna (Italy)

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the discovery of large-amplitude flickering from V648 Car (= SS73-17), a poorly studied object listed among the very few hard X-ray-emitting symbiotic stars. We performed millimagnitude precision optical photometry with the Swope Telescope at the Las Campanas Observatory, Chile, and found that V648 Car shows large U-band variability over timescales of minutes. To our knowledge, it exhibits some of the largest flickering of a symbiotic star ever reported. Our finding supports the hypothesis that symbiotic white dwarfs producing hard X-rays are predominantly powered by accretion, rather than quasi-steady nuclear burning, and have masses close to the Chandrasekhar limit. No significant periodicity is evident from the flickering light curve. The All Sky Automated Survey long-term V light curve suggests the presence of a tidally distorted giant accreting via Roche lobe overflow, and a binary period of {approx}520 days. On the basis of the outstanding physical properties of V648 Car as hinted at by its fast and long-term optical variability, as well as by its nature as a hard X-ray emitter, we therefore call for simultaneous follow-up observations in different bands, ideally combined with time-resolved optical spectroscopy.

  13. ARKTOS: a knowledge engineering software tool for images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soh, L. K.; Tsatsoulis, Costas

    2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of our ARKTOS project is to build an intelligent knowledge-based system to classify satellite sea ice images. It involves acquiring knowledge from sea ice experts, quantifying such knowledge as computational entities and ultimately building...

  14. RESEARCH OF DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL KNOWLEDGE SERVICE IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Abstract: With the global development of knowledge economy, the knowledge requirement of farmers is more, they select and gather a variety of information resource, and provide new knowledge production after refining

  15. Multichannel framework for singular quantum mechanics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Camblong, Horacio E., E-mail: camblong@usfca.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94117-1080 (United States); Epele, Luis N., E-mail: epele@fisica.unlp.edu.ar [Laboratorio de Física Teórica, Departamento de Física, IFLP, CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, C.C. 67–1900 La Plata (Argentina); Fanchiotti, Huner, E-mail: huner@fisica.unlp.edu.ar [Laboratorio de Física Teórica, Departamento de Física, IFLP, CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, C.C. 67–1900 La Plata (Argentina)] [Laboratorio de Física Teórica, Departamento de Física, IFLP, CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, C.C. 67–1900 La Plata (Argentina); García Canal, Carlos A., E-mail: garcia@fisica.unlp.edu.ar [Laboratorio de Física Teórica, Departamento de Física, IFLP, CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, C.C. 67–1900 La Plata (Argentina); Ordóñez, Carlos R., E-mail: ordonez@uh.edu [Department of Physics, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204-5506 (United States)

    2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A multichannel S-matrix framework for singular quantum mechanics (SQM) subsumes the renormalization and self-adjoint extension methods and resolves its boundary-condition ambiguities. In addition to the standard channel accessible to a distant (“asymptotic”) observer, one supplementary channel opens up at each coordinate singularity, where local outgoing and ingoing singularity waves coexist. The channels are linked by a fully unitary S-matrix, which governs all possible scenarios, including cases with an apparent nonunitary behavior as viewed from asymptotic distances. -- Highlights: •A multichannel framework is proposed for singular quantum mechanics and analogues. •The framework unifies several established approaches for singular potentials. •Singular points are treated as new scattering channels. •Nonunitary asymptotic behavior is subsumed in a unitary multichannel S-matrix. •Conformal quantum mechanics and the inverse quartic potential are highlighted.

  16. Robust diffusion imaging framework for clinical studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maximov, Ivan I; Neuner, Irene; Shah, N Jon

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Clinical diffusion imaging requires short acquisition times and good image quality to permit its use in various medical applications. In turn, these demands require the development of a robust and efficient post-processing framework in order to guarantee useful and reliable results. However, multiple artefacts abound in in vivo measurements; from either subject such as cardiac pulsation, bulk head motion, respiratory motion and involuntary tics and tremor, or imaging hardware related problems, such as table vibrations, etc. These artefacts can severely degrade the resulting images and render diffusion analysis difficult or impossible. In order to overcome these problems, we developed a robust and efficient framework enabling the use of initially corrupted images from a clinical study. At the heart of this framework is an improved least trimmed squares diffusion tensor estimation algorithm that works well with severely degraded datasets with low signal-to-noise ratio. This approach has been compared with other...

  17. ANTS: a new Collaborative Learning Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedro García Lopez; Robert Rallo Moya; Merce Gisbert; Antonio Gómez Skarmeta

    CSCW and MOO environments have played an important role in CSCL research. These multi-user community-ware frameworks enhance social interactions and shared experience and thus enabling new CSCL research. We however find some limitations in existing platforms: technology limitations and a lack of solid collaborative services. We present ANTS: a collaborative framework that aims to provide a solid foundation for CSCL applications. In one side, the framework is constructed on top of cutting-edge technologies like J2EE (EJB, JSP, Servlets), Notification services (Elvin, JMS) and XML. In the other side, ANTS provides solid CSCW services that make the system robust and extensible. We also present a concrete ANTS extension: JLE, a collaborative learning environment including services like course management, assessment management, collaboration, progress tracking and tutorware.

  18. Knowledge Capture and Transfer Program | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Knowledge Capture and Transfer Program Knowledge Capture and Transfer Program The Office of Learning and Workforce Development is working with Heads of Departmental Elements, DOE...

  19. Knowledge Capture and Transfer Program (KCTP) "Newly Created...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Knowledge Capture and Transfer Program (KCTP) "Newly Created" Powerpedia Page Knowledge Capture and Transfer Program (KCTP) "Newly Created" Powerpedia Page June 3, 2014 - 1:36pm...

  20. aerospace knowledge diffusion: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to codify: Implications for the knowledge - based economy" Prometheus 19 Richards, Debbie 15 Inverse diffusion from knowledge of power densities Guillaume Bal Mathematics...

  1. A Bayesian Framework for Combining Valuation Estimates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenton K. Yee

    2007-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Obtaining more accurate equity value estimates is the starting point for stock selection, value-based indexing in a noisy market, and beating benchmark indices through tactical style rotation. Unfortunately, discounted cash flow, method of comparables, and fundamental analysis typically yield discrepant valuation estimates. Moreover, the valuation estimates typically disagree with market price. Can one form a superior valuation estimate by averaging over the individual estimates, including market price? This article suggests a Bayesian framework for combining two or more estimates into a superior valuation estimate. The framework justifies the common practice of averaging over several estimates to arrive at a final point estimate.

  2. A Bayesian Framework for Combining Valuation Estimates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yee, Kenton K

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Obtaining more accurate equity value estimates is the starting point for stock selection, value-based indexing in a noisy market, and beating benchmark indices through tactical style rotation. Unfortunately, discounted cash flow, method of comparables, and fundamental analysis typically yield discrepant valuation estimates. Moreover, the valuation estimates typically disagree with market price. Can one form a superior valuation estimate by averaging over the individual estimates, including market price? This article suggests a Bayesian framework for combining two or more estimates into a superior valuation estimate. The framework justifies the common practice of averaging over several estimates to arrive at a final point estimate.

  3. A distributed requirements management framework for legal compliance and accountability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Breaux, Travis D.

    lifecycle. We illustrate the framework within the context of a concrete healthcare scenario in which

  4. The Machinery of Knowledge: An Ontology-Registry for a Geospatial Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stock, Kristin

    1 The Machinery of Knowledge: An Ontology-Registry for a Geospatial Knowledge Infrastructure for Geospatial Science, University of Nottingham, UK 2 Allworlds Geothinking, UK 3 EDINA, UK 4 Cardiff University *Corresponding author: Centre for Geospatial Science, School of Geography, University of Nottingham, NG7 2RD, UK

  5. On-To-Knowledge: Ontology-based Tools for Knowledge Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Harmelen, Frank

    ; (2) OIL, an ontology- based inference layer on top of the World-Wide Web; (3) an associated methodology; (4) validation by industrial case studies. This paper gives an overview of the On-To-Knowledge approach to knowledge management. 1. Heterogeneous Information Resources Need Semantic Access Support

  6. Flexible Framework for Building Energy Analysis: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hale, E.; Macumber, D.; Weaver, E.; Shekhar, D.

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the building energy research and advanced practitioner communities, building models are perturbed across large parameter spaces to assess energy and cost performance in the face of programmatic and economic constraints. This paper describes the OpenStudio software framework for performing such analyses.

  7. Integrated Compliance Framework for Data Processing Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vil, Jé an

    2009-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Framework for Data Processing Applications? that leverages industry best practices like the Control Objectives for Information and related Technology (COBIT), the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL), the International Organization.... Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) ITIL provides a systematic approach to the management of information technology service provision. It is the only consistent and comprehensive documentation of best practice for information technology...

  8. A Statistical Framework for Spatial Comparative Genomics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Statistical Framework for Spatial Comparative Genomics Rose Hoberman May 2007 CMU-CS-07, or the U.S. Government. #12;Keywords: spatial comparative genomics, comparative genomics, gene clusters, max-gap clusters, gene teams, whole genome duplication, paralogons, synteny, ortholog detection #12

  9. The Reactor An ObjectOriented Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Douglas C.

    The Reactor An Object­Oriented Framework for Event Demultiplexing and Event Handler Dispatching Douglas C. Schmidt 1 Overview ffl The Reactor is an object­oriented frame­ work that encapsulates OS event demul­ tiplexing mechanisms -- e.g., the Reactor API runs transparently atop both Wait

  10. CSE394: Security Policy Frameworks Scott Stoller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoller, Scott

    , and it can provide good practice in public speaking. Printouts of final versions of all documents (i.eCSE394: Security Policy Frameworks Scott Stoller Project. Version: 18oct2005a. An initial proposal project. I will provide feedback on the proposals (on the topic and the size of the project) within a week

  11. A Theoretical Framework for Chimera Domain Decomposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keeling, Stephen L.

    A Theoretical Framework for Chimera Domain Decomposition S. L. Keeling Sverdrup Technology, Inc. Steger, UC Davis, May 2-4, 1997. 1 Introduction. The Chimera scheme is a domain decomposition method- ometry is divided into simply shaped regions. Unlike other approaches [5], the Chimera method simplifies

  12. Free Parameters and Frameworks in Minimal Supersymmetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    405 Appendix A Free Parameters and Frameworks in Minimal Supersymmetry It is useful to discuss what the various schemes that exist for reducing the set of free parameters to a manageable number. The information, and so is fixed by experiment. The free parameters consist mainly of the coe#cients of the ``soft

  13. Free Parameters and Frameworks in Minimal Supersymmetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    405 Appendix A Free Parameters and Frameworks in Minimal Supersymmetry It is useful to discuss what the various schemes that exist for reducing the set of free parameters to a manageable number. The information, and so is fixed by experiment. The free parameters consist mainly of the coefficients of the "soft

  14. A Homogenized Energy Framework for Ferromagnetic Hysteresis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    energy relations at the mesoscopic or lattice level based on the assumption that magnetic momentsA Homogenized Energy Framework for Ferromagnetic Hysteresis Ralph C. Smith Marcelo J. Dapino Center or spins are restricted to two orientations. Direct minimization of the Gibbs energy yields local average

  15. Alignment vs N framework for active matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyamasundar, R.K.

    /Coffee at 11:15 AM) Seminar Hall, TCIS trivial Commission for Atomic Energy and Alternative propelled particlesAlignment vs N framework for active matter and collective motion Commission for Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies (CEA), Franc The collective properties of self interacting solely via some kind

  16. TIUPAM: A Framework for Trustworthiness-centric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    at San Antonio Joint work with Qun Ni and Elisa Bertino (Purdue Univ.) Ravi Sandhu (Univ. Texas at San, Usage, Provenance, and Attack Management (TIUPAM) Four supporting components: Identity management Usage management Provenance management Attack management The framework is centered at the need

  17. RESEARCH Open Access Probabilistic framework for opportunistic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perkins, Dmitri

    approaches. Keywords: Cognitive radio networks, Opportunistic spectrum management, Medium access control 1 that the licensed spectrum is underutilized for 15 to 85% of the time depending on the spatial location [1]. ThusRESEARCH Open Access Probabilistic framework for opportunistic spectrum management in cognitive ad

  18. `KNOWLEDGE AND VIRTUE: RESPONSE TO KELP'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edinburgh, University of

    1 `KNOWLEDGE AND VIRTUE: RESPONSE TO KELP' DUNCAN PRITCHARD University of Edinburgh In a very interesting paper, `Pritchard on Virtue Epistemology', Christoph Kelp argues that my recent critique ability). In particular, RVE does not involve any appeal to an anti-luck condition.2 As Kelp makes clear

  19. Global Emergence of Frontier Knowledge November 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamamoto, Hirosuke

    , Infrastructure, Medical and Biologi- cal Engineering, Mineral Resources, Nano Physics, SustainabilityGlobal Emergence of Frontier Knowledge November 2013 Nov. 7th U.Católica (Casa Central) 09:00 Doors, Culture & Body, Earthquakes, Tsunami & Volcanoes, Element & Material Sciences, Food Resource

  20. Strathclyde Links Useful Knowledge for Growing Companies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mottram, Nigel

    Strathclyde Links Useful Knowledge for Growing Companies The University of Strathclyde by an Interface enquiry. The original enquiry came from Kelso based Gill Orde in Catering; a company that provides of the department of Civil Engineering replied to the initial Interface enquiry and after meeting with the company

  1. Common Knowledge and Update in Finite Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Meyden, Ron

    Conference on Theoretical Aspects of Reasoning about Knowledge, (R. Fagin, ed.) pp. 225­242, Morgan Kaufmann and Misra, 1986; Fagin et al., 1991; Halpern and Moses, 1990; Halpern and Vardi, 1989; Panangaden and Taylor and Immerman, 1986; Halpern and Moses, 1992; Halpern and Vardi, 1988a; Halpern and Vardi, 1988b; Ladner

  2. Prediction Markets Partition model of knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fiat, Amos

    Prediction Markets Partition model of knowledge Distributed information markets Convergence time bounds Computational Aspects of Prediction Markets David M. Pennock and Rahul Sami December 5, 2012 Presented by: Rami Eitan David M. Pennock and Rahul Sami Computational Aspects of Prediction Markets #12

  3. A SAGA OF KNOWLEDGE Table of Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charette, André

    The University moves out of the Latin Quarter onto Mount Royal, into a new building designed by architect Ernest, was a landmark in the annals of Francophone philanthropy. This report reflects the winds of renewal coursing teaching and lively student life. Ours is a saga of knowledge such has rarely unfolded in North America

  4. THE SOFTWARE KNOWLEDGE BASE Bertrand Meyer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyer, Bertrand

    knowledge base" keeps track of software components and their properties; these properties are described, implementation, testing, project management). The use of the binary relational model for describing the properties of software is hacked by a theoretical study of the relations and constraints which play

  5. BIOGEOCHEMICAL GRADIENTS AS A FRAMEWORK FOR UNDERSTANDING WASTE SITE EVOLUTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Denham, M; Karen Vangelas, K

    2008-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The migration of biogeochemical gradients is a useful framework for understanding the evolution of biogeochemical conditions in groundwater at waste sites contaminated with metals and radionuclides. This understanding is critical to selecting sustainable remedies and evaluating sites for monitored natural attenuation, because most attenuation mechanisms are sensitive to geochemical conditions such as pH and redox potential. Knowledge of how gradients in these parameters evolve provides insights into the behavior of contaminants with time and guides characterization, remedy selection, and monitoring efforts. An example is a seepage basin site at the Savannah River Site in South Carolina where low-level acidic waste has seeped into groundwater. The remediation of this site relies, in part, on restoring the natural pH of the aquifer by injecting alkaline solutions. The remediation will continue until the pH up-flow of the treatment zone increases to an acceptable value. The time required to achieve this objective depends on the time it takes the trailing pH gradient, the gradient separating the plume from influxing natural groundwater, to reach the treatment zone. Predictions of this length of time will strongly influence long-term remedial decisions.

  6. Statistics and Discoveries at the LHC (2/4)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The lectures will give an introduction to statistics as applied in particle physics and will provide all the necessary basics for data analysis at the LHC. Special emphasis will be placed on the the problems and questions that arise when searching for new phenomena, including p-values, discovery significance, limit setting procedures, treatment of small signals in the presence of large backgrounds. Specific issues that will be addressed include the advantages and drawbacks of different statistical test procedures (cut-based, likelihood-ratio, etc.), the look-elsewhere effect and treatment of systematic uncertainties.

  7. Statistics and Discoveries at the LHC (4/4)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The lectures will give an introduction to statistics as applied in particle physics and will provide all the necessary basics for data analysis at the LHC. Special emphasis will be placed on the the problems and questions that arise when searching for new phenomena, including p-values, discovery significance, limit setting procedures, treatment of small signals in the presence of large backgrounds. Specific issues that will be addressed include the advantages and drawbacks of different statistical test procedures (cut-based, likelihood-ratio, etc.), the look-elsewhere effect and treatment of systematic uncertainties.

  8. Statistics and Discoveries at the LHC (3/4)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The lectures will give an introduction to statistics as applied in particle physics and will provide all the necessary basics for data analysis at the LHC. Special emphasis will be placed on the the problems and questions that arise when searching for new phenomena, including p-values, discovery significance, limit setting procedures, treatment of small signals in the presence of large backgrounds. Specific issues that will be addressed include the advantages and drawbacks of different statistical test procedures (cut-based, likelihood-ratio, etc.), the look-elsewhere effect and treatment of systematic uncertainties.

  9. Statistics and Discoveries at the LHC (1/4)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The lectures will give an introduction to statistics as applied in particle physics and will provide all the necessary basics for data analysis at the LHC. Special emphasis will be placed on the the problems and questions that arise when searching for new phenomena, including p-values, discovery significance, limit setting procedures, treatment of small signals in the presence of large backgrounds. Specific issues that will be addressed include the advantages and drawbacks of different statistical test procedures (cut-based, likelihood-ratio, etc.), the look-elsewhere effect and treatment of systematic uncertainties.

  10. Center for Inverse Design: Modality 3 - Discovery of Missing Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed New Substation Sites ProposedOccupationalObjectives Current Future New3: Discovery of

  11. Advanced Technology & Discovery at Niskayuna | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD)ProductssondeadjustsondeadjustAbout the BuildingInnovation PortalScience ofTechnology & Discovery

  12. Alerts in BIOSIS Previews via ISI Web of Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    Alerts in BIOSIS Previews® via ISI Web of Knowledge The alerting capability in ISI Web of Knowledge research. This powerful feature is accessible via the ISI Web of Knowledge homepage, where you can log on emailing of search results, follow these steps: 1. Sign in to ISI Web of Knowledge via the link on the ISI

  13. & MetalOrganic Frameworks Enhancing CO2 Separation Ability of a MetalOrganic Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paik Suh, Myunghyun

    that it is a promising material for sequestering CO2 from landfill gas. Introduction Metal­organic frameworks have been considered as promising materials for separating CO2 from landfill gas and industrial flue gas due

  14. Price Discovery in Time and Space: The Course of Condominium Prices in Singapore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hwang, Min; Quigley, John M.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Method for Real Estate Price Index Construction,” Journal ofAutocorrelation in House Prices,” Journal of Real Estate1997), “Quotes, Order Flow, and Price Discovery,” Journal of

  15. E-Print Network 3.0 - antimicrobial drug discovery Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    skills in drug discovery, drug development, and clinical care to enter a career... in the pharmaceutical industry, in pharmaceutical development extending from ... Source: Abagyan,...

  16. Natural Gas Discovery and Development Impacts on Rio Vista and Its Community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gbedema, Tometi Koku

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of several localities’ economy (Natural Gas Bulletin, 2004).the natural gas discovery operations and the economy of thein our economy, that certain aspects of natural gas industry

  17. E-Print Network 3.0 - autonomous scientific discovery Sample...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Autonomic Web Processes, Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Service Oriented Computing, ICSOC 2005. Summary: . Identify supplier(s) for each part (discovery)...

  18. E-Print Network 3.0 - anticancer drug discovery Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 From the University of Mississippi Medical Center Division of Public Affairs ANTI-CANCER DRUG DISCOVERY PARTNERSHIP FORMED BETWEEN UMMC CANCER INSTITUTE AND Summary: From the...

  19. ,"New York Dry Natural Gas New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York Dry Natural Gas New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields (Billion Cubic...

  20. Discovery of Active Galactic Nuclei in Mid- and Far-Infrared Deep Surveys with ISO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoshiaki Taniguchi

    2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a summary on the discovery of active galactic nuclei in mid- and far-infrared deep surveys with use of the Infrared Space Observatory.

  1. High-throughput Microfluidics and Ultrafast Optics for in Vivo Compound/Genetic Discoveries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohde, Christopher Benjamin

    Therapeutic treatment of spinal cord injuries, brain trauma, stroke, and neurodegenerative diseases will greatly benefit from the discovery of compounds that enhance neuronal regeneration following injury. We previously ...

  2. Natural Gas Discovery and Development Impacts on Rio Vista and Its Community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gbedema, Tometi Koku

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1958. “Legal Battle Over Rio Gas Rights Opens: 20 AttorneysRio Vista discovers gas………………………………………..40 Part 1: Creationfor new economic avenues: The gas discovery……………..58 1. The

  3. Discovery of a Transiting Planet Near the Snow-Line

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kipping, David M; Buchhave, Lars A; Kenyon, Scott J; Henze, Christopher E; Isaacson, Howard; Kolbl, Rea; Marcy, Geoff W; Bryson, Stephen T; Stassun, Keivan G; Bastien, Fabienne A

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In most theories of planet formation, the snow-line represents a boundary between the emergence of the interior rocky planets and the exterior ice giants. The wide separation of the snow-line makes the discovery of transiting worlds challenging, yet transits would allow for detailed subsequent characterization. We present the discovery of Kepler-421b, a Uranus-sized exoplanet transiting a G9/K0 dwarf once every 704.2 days in a near-circular orbit. Using public Kepler photometry, we demonstrate that the two observed transits can be uniquely attributed to the 704.2 day period. Detailed light curve analysis with BLENDER validates the planetary nature of Kepler-421b to >4 sigmas confidence. Kepler-421b receives the same insolation as a body at ~2AU in the Solar System and for a Uranian albedo would have an effective temperature of ~180K. Using a time-dependent model for the protoplanetary disk, we estimate that Kepler-421b's present semi-major axis was beyond the snow-line after ~3Myr, indicating that Kepler-421b...

  4. City Knowledge Patterns: A standard for Smart City Knowledge management Nooshin Allahyari, Mark S. Fox, and Michael Gruninger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    City Knowledge Patterns: A standard for Smart City Knowledge management Nooshin Allahyari, Mark S in recogniz- ing knowledge requirements of city government. This model, which we denote as City Knowledge category of the city government, and is comprised of a set of inter-relate concepts and attributes

  5. A software framework for image processing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garren, D.A. [Raytheon E-Systems, Garland Operations, TX (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    There exists a great potential for the development of customizable image processing software that accommodates a wide variety of customers and applications. Such software would be able to read and process the many common image file formats, in addition to allowing the incorporation of those that have been custom made. Furthermore, the software would have the ability to handle the infinite variety of accompanying support files, which can contain quite different information for various applications and customers. A software framework designed to read and process this wide variety of input image files and support files would be extremely valuable. This paper develops the foundation of this proposed software architecture by using a composite of several common design patterns. Any similar software framework required to process input information and corresponding algorithms can benefit from the exposition of these composite design structures.

  6. Inverse diffusion from knowledge of power densities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bal, Guillaume; Monard, Francois; Triki, Faouzi

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper concerns the reconstruction of a diffusion coefficient in an elliptic equation from knowledge of several power densities. The power density is the product of the diffusion coefficient with the square of the modulus of the gradient of the elliptic solution. The derivation of such internal functionals comes from perturbing the medium of interest by acoustic (plane) waves, which results in small changes in the diffusion coefficient. After appropriate asymptotic expansions and (Fourier) transformation, this allow us to construct the power density of the equation point-wise inside the domain. Such a setting finds applications in ultrasound modulated electrical impedance tomography and ultrasound modulated optical tomography. We show that the diffusion coefficient can be uniquely and stably reconstructed from knowledge of a sufficient large number of power densities. Explicit expressions for the reconstruction of the diffusion coefficient are also provided. Such results hold for a large class of boundary...

  7. Computational fact checking from knowledge networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciampaglia, Giovanni Luca; Rocha, Luis M; Bollen, Johan; Menczer, Filippo; Flammini, Alessandro

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Traditional fact checking by expert journalists cannot keep up with the enormous volume of information that is now generated online. Computational fact checking may significantly enhance our ability to evaluate the veracity of dubious information. Here we show that the complexities of human fact checking can be approximated quite well by finding the shortest path between concept nodes under properly defined semantic proximity metrics on knowledge graphs. Framed as a network problem this approach is feasible with efficient computational techniques. We evaluate this approach by examining tens of thousands of claims related to history, entertainment, geography, and biographical information using a public knowledge graph extracted from Wikipedia. Statements independently known to be true consistently receive higher support via our method than do false ones. These findings represent a significant step toward scalable computational fact-checking methods that may one day mitigate the spread of harmful misinformation...

  8. Site Transition Framework | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartment of Energyof the Americas |DOE FormerEnergy Data Access|DepartmentFramework

  9. Identification of threats using linguistics-based knowledge extraction.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chew, Peter A.

    2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the challenges increasingly facing intelligence analysts, along with professionals in many other fields, is the vast amount of data which needs to be reviewed and converted into meaningful information, and ultimately into rational, wise decisions by policy makers. The advent of the world wide web (WWW) has magnified this challenge. A key hypothesis which has guided us is that threats come from ideas (or ideology), and ideas are almost always put into writing before the threats materialize. While in the past the 'writing' might have taken the form of pamphlets or books, today's medium of choice is the WWW, precisely because it is a decentralized, flexible, and low-cost method of reaching a wide audience. However, a factor which complicates matters for the analyst is that material published on the WWW may be in any of a large number of languages. In 'Identification of Threats Using Linguistics-Based Knowledge Extraction', we have sought to use Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) and other similar text analysis techniques to map documents from the WWW, in whatever language they were originally written, to a common language-independent vector-based representation. This then opens up a number of possibilities. First, similar documents can be found across language boundaries. Secondly, a set of documents in multiple languages can be visualized in a graphical representation. These alone offer potentially useful tools and capabilities to the intelligence analyst whose knowledge of foreign languages may be limited. Finally, we can test the over-arching hypothesis--that ideology, and more specifically ideology which represents a threat, can be detected solely from the words which express the ideology--by using the vector-based representation of documents to predict additional features (such as the ideology) within a framework based on supervised learning. In this report, we present the results of a three-year project of the same name. We believe these results clearly demonstrate the general feasibility of an approach such as that outlined above. Nevertheless, there are obstacles which must still be overcome, relating primarily to how 'ideology' should be defined. We discuss these and point to possible solutions.

  10. FOR THE RECORD Discovery of a significant, nontopological preference for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , 2003) Abstract To help elucidate the role of secondary structure packing preferences in protein folding in guiding supersecondary structure formation in protein folding. This knowledge of preferred packing angles can be used to guide the engineering of stable protein modules. Keywords: Protein folding; secondary

  11. An Interactive Visual Analytics Framework for Multi-Field Data...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Interactive Visual Analytics Framework for Multi-Field Data in a Geo-Spatial Context. An Interactive Visual Analytics Framework for Multi-Field Data in a Geo-Spatial Context....

  12. A framework for sustainable buildings : an application to China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ospelt, Christoph, 1970-

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A framework has been established to discuss the different topics of Sustainability in the context of buildings. The framework includes the dimensions of time and space and the dimensions of ecology, society, and economy. ...

  13. A Framework for Dynamizing Succinct Data Structures (Extended Abstract)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Ankur; Hon, Wing-Kai; Shah, Rahul; Vitter, Jeffrey Scott

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a framework to dynamize succinct data structures, to encourage their use over non-succinct versions in a wide variety of important application areas. Our framework can dynamize most stateof- the-art succinct ...

  14. SC COLLABORATOR: A SERVICE ORIENTED FRAMEWORK FOR CONSTRUCTION SUPPLY CHAIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    , service oriented architecture (SOA) with open source technologies is a desirable computing modelSC COLLABORATOR: A SERVICE ORIENTED FRAMEWORK FOR CONSTRUCTION SUPPLY CHAIN COLLABORATION for construction supply chain collaboration and management, through a prototype service oriented system framework

  15. Development of Conceptual Framework Renewable Energy Certificate Mechanism for India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Advisory Private Limited June 2009 (Final Report for circulation) #12;Report on `Conceptual Framework of ABPS Infrastructure Advisory Private Limited. #12;Report on `Conceptual Framework for REC Mechanism Electricity Authority CERC Central Electricity Regulatory Commission CUF Capacity Utilisation Factor DERC

  16. Enterprise Security Planning using Zachman Framework: Designer's Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ertaull, Levent

    Enterprise Security Planning using Zachman Framework: Designer's Perspective Abstract planning point of view. Index Terms - Enterprise Architecture, Zachman Framework, Enterprise Security security planning. This paper has been organized as follows. Section 2, describes the enterprise

  17. Enterprise Security Planning with Department of Defense Architecture Framework (DODAF)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ertaull, Levent

    Enterprise Security Planning with Department of Defense Architecture Framework (DODAF) L. Ertaul1 as its application in dealing with enterprise security planning related issues. Keywords: Enterprise Architecture Frameworks, DoDAF, Enterprise Security Planning 1 . Introduction The Department of Defense

  18. A framework for delay emulation of large-scale internetworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Venkata, Shravan Rangaraju

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . The framework models and dynamically adapts the test traffic according to the network delay characteristics observed on the Internet in real-time. The proposed framework consists of three main modules: Virtual Host Configuration Module, Delay Estimator...

  19. A decision making framework for cruise ship design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katsoufis, George P. (George Paraskevas)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis develops a new decision making framework for initial cruise ship design. Through review of effectiveness analysis and multi-criteria decision making, a uniform philosophy is created to articulate a framework ...

  20. Drive-access transit : a regional analytical framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sorensen, James B

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A framework for analyzing drive-access transit at a regional level is developed in this research. This framework is intended primarily for in-house use by regional transit agencies, yet has implications for the regional ...

  1. Quantum operations and codes beyond the Stabilizer-Clifford framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeng, Bei, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The discovery of quantum error-correcting codes (QECCs) and the theory of fault-tolerant quantum computation (FTQC) have greatly improved the long-term prospects for quantum communication and computation technology. ...

  2. Fuzzy Linguistic Knowledge Based Behavior Extraction for Building Energy Management Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dumidu Wijayasekara; Milos Manic

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant portion of world energy production is consumed by building Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) units. Thus along with occupant comfort, energy efficiency is also an important factor in HVAC control. Modern buildings use advanced Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) control schemes to realize these goals. However, since the performance of HVAC units is dependent on many criteria including uncertainties in weather, number of occupants, and thermal state, the performance of current state of the art systems are sub-optimal. Furthermore, because of the large number of sensors in buildings, and the high frequency of data collection, large amount of information is available. Therefore, important behavior of buildings that compromise energy efficiency or occupant comfort is difficult to identify. This paper presents an easy to use and understandable framework for identifying such behavior. The presented framework uses human understandable knowledge-base to extract important behavior of buildings and present it to users via a graphical user interface. The presented framework was tested on a building in the Pacific Northwest and was shown to be able to identify important behavior that relates to energy efficiency and occupant comfort.

  3. Fondation de coopration scientifique Campus Paris Saclay Parc Technologique -Immeuble Discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canet, Léonie

    Fondation de coopération scientifique Campus Paris Saclay Parc Technologique - Immeuble Discovery'alinéa 4 de l'article L.711.2 du Code de l'Education et qui prendra le nom « Université Paris Saclay coopération scientifique Campus Paris Saclay Parc Technologique - Immeuble Discovery Route de l'Orme aux

  4. College of Engineering Discovery with Purpose www.engineering.iastate.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Zhiqun

    to the College of Engineering website. Hover over "Student Services" and you will see the `Scholarships' link12/6/2011 1 College of Engineering Discovery with Purpose www.engineering.iastate.edu College of Engineering Scholarship Program Joel Johnson, Director, ESS College of Engineering Discovery with Purpose www.engineering

  5. An LDA-based Community Structure Discovery Approach for Large-Scale Social Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : {bqiu}@cse.psu.edu Abstract-- Community discovery has drawn significant re- search interests among even more attentions with the prevalence of social network websites, such as MySpace, Live of this paper include: (1) an LDA-based probabilistic community discovery model in large-sc

  6. Discovery of Aggregate Usage Profiles for Web Personalization Bamshad Mobasher1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaefer, Marcus

    Discovery of Aggregate Usage Profiles for Web Personalization Bamshad Mobasher1 , Honghua Dai, Tao@cs.depaul.edu Abstract: Web usage mining, possibly used in conjunction with standard approaches to personalization data. However, the discovery of patterns from usage data by itself is not sufficient for performing

  7. Data Warehouse Design for Pharmaceutical Drug Discovery Research Melinda G. Axel and Il-Yeol Song

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Il-Yeol

    an analysis of the principal activities involved in drug discovery in the pharmaceutical industry, and a setData Warehouse Design for Pharmaceutical Drug Discovery Research Melinda G. Axel and Il-Yeol Song: axel@superlink.net, songiy@post.drexel.edu Abstract Pharmaceutical companies spend billions of dollars

  8. Multi-University Research to Advance Discovery Fusion Energy Science using a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dept of Applied Physics and Applied Math, Columbia University, New York, NY Plasma Science and FusionMulti-University Research to Advance Discovery Fusion Energy Science using a Superconducting Center, MIT, Cambridge, MA Outline · Intermediate scale discovery fusion energy science needs support

  9. Model Discovery for Energy-Aware Computing Systems: An Experimental Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoller, Scott

    Model Discovery for Energy-Aware Computing Systems: An Experimental Evaluation Zhichao Li, Radu Science, Stony Brook University Abstract-- We present a model-discovery methodology for energy-aware in the computing arena have led to the emergence of energy-aware computing systems, where energy, or power

  10. Model Discovery for Energy-Aware Computing Systems: An Experimental Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zadok, Erez

    Model Discovery for Energy-Aware Computing Systems: An Experimental Evaluation Appears of Computer Science, Stony Brook University Abstract-- We present a model-discovery methodology for energy-aware in the computing arena have led to the emergence of energy-aware computing systems, where energy, or power

  11. Model Discovery for EnergyAware Computing Systems: An Experimental Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zadok, Erez

    Model Discovery for Energy­Aware Computing Systems: An Experimental Evaluation Appears of Computer Science, Stony Brook University Abstract--- We present a model­discovery methodology for energy­aware in the computing arena have led to the emergence of energy­aware computing systems, where energy, or power

  12. Distributed Semantic Discovery for Web-of-Things Enabled Smart Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Distributed Semantic Discovery for Web-of-Things Enabled Smart Buildings G´er^ome Bovet and Jean-of-Things. As proof of concept, we apply our proposal to the domain of smart buildings, composing a novel ontology on the energetic aspect and is optimized for constrained environments. Keywords--Smart buildings, Discovery

  13. Performance Evaluation of a Resource Monitoring and Discovery Service for the Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarvis, Stephen

    Performance Evaluation of a Resource Monitoring and Discovery Service for the Grid H´el`ene N. Lim, 2003 Abstract The Grid Information Service (GIS) is one of the Grid Common Services which make up the basic functions belonging to Grids. This service offers a resource discovery mechanism, of which

  14. SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY WITH LAW ENCODING DIAGRAMS Peter C-H. Cheng

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Peter

    - 1 - SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY WITH LAW ENCODING DIAGRAMS Peter C-H. Cheng ESRC Centre for Research the concept of Law Encoding Diagrams, LEDs, and argues that they have had a role in scientific discovery the underlying relations of a law, or a system of simultaneous laws, in the structure of a diagram by the means

  15. Discovery of Cellulose as a Smart Material Jaehwan Kim* and Sungryul Yun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ounaies, Zoubeida

    Discovery of Cellulose as a Smart Material Jaehwan Kim* and Sungryul Yun Center for EAPap Actuator in cellulose applications and technologies by reporting our discovery of cellulose as a smart material that can, however, the potential of cellulose as a smart lightweight material that can be used as a sensor

  16. Computer discovery of the mechanism of flow-induced sloshing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Takizawa, Akihiko [Tokyo Electric Power Co., Yokohama (Japan). Nuclear Power R and D Center; Kondo, Shunsuke [Univ. of Tokyo (Japan). Dept. of Quantum Engineering and Systems Science

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel numerical method called physical component boundary fitted coordinate method (PC-BFC method) was applied to a recently discovered flow instability called in-vessel flow-induced sloshing. Then, with a spirit of computer discovery, a general procedure was developed and applied for solving the mechanism and condition for the occurrence of this sloshing. As a result, a nonlinear wave that never reflects at the wall was singled out numerically and was demonstrated to be the cause of the sloshing. In-vessel circulated free surface flow characterizes the flow of coolant in liquid metal cooled fast breeder reactor (LMFBR) during power generation; finding of the criteria for the occurrence of this sloshing has crucial importance for the safety operation of LMFBR.

  17. The CLEANLE project within HOMOFABER framework The CLEANLE project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The CLEANLE project within HOMOFABER framework The CLEANLE project within HOMOFABER framework Presentation for students involvement during spring semester 2011 #12;The CLEANLE project within HOMOFABER framework The Interdisciplinary Aerodynamics Group (IAG) · Cost group within EPFL-STI ­ Administrated

  18. Component-based Situational Methods A framework for understanding SME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Draft copy Component-based Situational Methods A framework for understanding SME Yves-Roger Nehan Engineering (SME) which focuses on project-specific method construction. We propose a faceted framework to understand and classify issues in system development SME. The framework identifies four different

  19. Enterprise Security Planning using the Zachman Framework Builder's Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ertaull, Levent

    Enterprise Security Planning using the Zachman Framework ­ Builder's Perspective L. Ertaul1 , S that can be used for enterprise security planning .This paper gives an overview of how Zachman's Framework's perspective of the Zachman Framework Keywords: Enterprise Architecture, Enterprise Security Planning, Zachman

  20. Policy Framework Policy Commencement Date: 14 March 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Policy Framework Policy Commencement Date: 14 March 2012 Category: Strategic Management 1. PURPOSE To manage the development and maintenance of a robust and responsive policy framework that aligns the University's practices with its strategic objectives. 2. POLICY STATEMENT The Policy Framework consists

  1. A QUALITY CONTROL FRAMEWORK FOR BUS SCHEDULE RELIABILITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    A QUALITY CONTROL FRAMEWORK FOR BUS SCHEDULE RELIABILITY JIE LIN*, University of Illinois Institute A QUALITY CONTROL FRAMEWORK FOR BUS SCHEDULE RELIABILITY Abstract This paper develops and demonstrates a quality control framework for bus schedule reliability. Automatic Vehicle Location (AVL) devices

  2. SUSTAINABLE HERITAGE TOURISM PLANNING IN ETHIOPIA: AN ASSESSMENT FRAMEWORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SUSTAINABLE HERITAGE TOURISM PLANNING IN ETHIOPIA: AN ASSESSMENT FRAMEWORK by Stefanie Jones B Management Project No.: 532 Title: Sustainable Heritage Tourism Planning in Ethiopia: An Assessment Framework, and tested the utility of that framework in determining the potential for sustainable heritage tourism

  3. Porting the .NET Micro Framework A Microsoft Technical White Paper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt, Galen

    Porting the .NET Micro Framework A Microsoft Technical White Paper December 10, 2007 AbstractShow-capable devices to port the .NET Micro Framework to new hardware platforms. This white paper introduces the .NET Micro Framework architecture with a view toward porting it to a new hardware platform. It then discusses

  4. Records Management Framework Policy Version 1.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    and guidance materials provided to them by the Records Manager and for acting as the first point of contactRecords Management Framework Policy Version 1.0 Last amended: 01 September 2014 1. Introduction The Records Management Framework, or `RM Framework', is a network of Records Officers who will support

  5. General Critical Properties of the Dynamics of Scientific Discovery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bettencourt, L. M. A. (LANL); Kaiser, D. I. (MIT)

    2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Scientific fields are difficult to define and compare, yet there is a general sense that they undergo similar stages of development. From this point of view it becomes important to determine if these superficial similarities can be translated into a general framework that would quantify the general advent and subsequent dynamics of scientific ideas. Such a framework would have important practical applications of allowing us to compare fields that superficially may appear different, in terms of their subject matter, research techniques, typical collaboration size, etc. Particularh' important in a field's history is the moment at which conceptual and technical unification allows widespread exchange of ideas and collaboration, at which point networks of collaboration show the analog of a percolation phenomenon, developing a giant connected component containing most authors. Here we investigate the generality of this topological transition in the collaboration structure of scientific fields as they grow and become denser. We develop a general theoretical framework in which each scientific field is an instantiation of the same large-scale topological critical phenomenon. We consider whether the evidence from a variety of specific fields is consistent with this picture, and estimate critical exponents associated with the transition. We then discuss the generality of the phenomenon and to what extent we may expect other scientific fields — including very large ones — to follow the same dynamics.

  6. An analytical framework for capacity development in EIA - The case of Yemen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loon, Louise van, E-mail: louise.van.loon@gmail.co [Copernicus Institute for Sustainable Development and Innovation, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80115, 3508 TC (Netherlands); Driessen, Peter P.J., E-mail: p.driessen@geo.uu.n [Copernicus Institute for Sustainable Development and Innovation, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80115, 3508 TC (Netherlands); Kolhoff, Arend, E-mail: akolhoff@eia.n [Netherlands Commission for Environmental Assessment, P.O. Box 2345, 3500 GH Utrecht (Netherlands); Runhaar, Hens A.C., E-mail: h.runhaar@geo.uu.n [Copernicus Institute for Sustainable Development and Innovation, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80115, 3508 TC (Netherlands)

    2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Most countries worldwide nowadays apply Environmental Assessment (EA) as an ex ante tool to evaluate environmental impacts of policies, plans, programmes, and projects. However, the application and performance of EA differ significantly. Scientific analysis of how EA performs mainly focuses on two levels: the micro (or project) level and the macro (or system) level. Macro level analysis usually focuses on institutions for EA and the organisation of stakeholder interaction in EA. This article proposes a more comprehensive framework for analysing EA systems that combines other approaches with a capacity approach and an explicit consideration of the context in which EA systems are developed and performed. In order to illustrate the value of our framework, we apply it to the Republic of Yemen, where over the last decades many EA capacity development programmes have been executed; however, EA performance has not substantially improved. The Yemen case study illustrates that the capacity development approach allows an understanding of the historical process, the stakeholders, the knowledge component, and the material and technical aspects of EA, but perhaps more important is a systemic understanding of the outcomes: problems are not isolated, but influence and even maintain each other. In addition, by taking into account the context characteristics, our framework allows for the assessment of the feasibility of capacity development programmes that aim at improving EA system performance.

  7. Implementations of a Flexible Framework for Managing Geologic Sequestration Modeling Projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    White, Signe K.; Gosink, Luke J.; Sivaramakrishnan, Chandrika; Black, Gary D.; Purohit, Sumit; Bacon, Diana H.; Hou, Zhangshuan; Lin, Guang; Gorton, Ian; Bonneville, Alain

    2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Numerical simulation is a standard practice used to support designing, operating, and monitoring CO2 injection projects. Although a variety of computational tools have been developed that support the numerical simulation process, many are single-purpose or platform specific and have a prescribed workflow that may or may not be suitable for a particular project. We are developing an open-source, flexible framework named Velo that provides a knowledge management infrastructure and tools to support modeling and simulation for various types of projects in a number of scientific domains. The Geologic Sequestration Software Suite (GS3) is a version of this framework with features and tools specifically tailored for geologic sequestration studies. Because of its general nature, GS3 is being employed in a variety of ways on projects with differing goals. GS3 is being used to support the Sim-SEQ international model comparison study, by providing a collaborative framework for the modeling teams and providing tools for model comparison. Another customized deployment of GS3 has been made to support the permit application process. In this case, GS3 is being used to manage data in support of conceptual model development and provide documentation and provenance for numerical simulations. An additional customized deployment of GS3 is being created for use by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US-EPA) to aid in the CO2 injection permit application review process in one of its regions. These use cases demonstrate GS3’s flexibility, utility, and broad applicability

  8. Bioenergy Science Center KnowledgeBase

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Syed, M.H.; Karpinets, T.V.; Parang, M.; Leuze, M.R.; Park, B.H.; Hyatt, D.; Brown, S.D.; Moulton, S. Galloway, M.D.; Uberbacher E.C.

    The challenge of converting cellulosic biomass to sugars is the dominant obstacle to cost effective production of biofuels in s capable of significant enough quantities to displace U. S. consumption of fossil transportation fuels. The BioEnergy Science Center (BESC) tackles this challenge of biomass recalcitrance by closely linking (1) plant research to make cell walls easier to deconstruct, and (2) microbial research to develop multi-talented biocatalysts tailor-made to produce biofuels in a single step. [from the 2011 BESC factsheet] The BioEnergy Science Center (BESC) is a multi-institutional, multidisciplinary research (biological, chemical, physical and computational sciences, mathematics and engineering) organization focused on the fundamental understanding and elimination of biomass recalcitrance. The BESC Knowledgebase and its associated tools is a discovery platform for bioenergy research. It consists of a collection of metadata, data, and computational tools for data analysis, integration, comparison and visualization for plants and microbes in the center.The BESC Knowledgebase (KB) and BESC Laboratory Information Management System (LIMS) enable bioenergy researchers to perform systemic research. [http://bobcat.ornl.gov/besc/index.jsp

  9. A Strategic Framework for SMR Deployment

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up from theDepartment(October-DecemberBasedToward a MoreA RisingA1 A Strategic Framework

  10. Introduction to Framework | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpInc Place: EdenOverview Of TheIntevac Jump to:Framework (Redirected

  11. Optimized Uncertainty Quantification Algorithm Within a Dynamic Event Tree Framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. W. Nielsen; Akira Tokuhiro; Robert Hiromoto

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods for developing Phenomenological Identification and Ranking Tables (PIRT) for nuclear power plants have been a useful tool in providing insight into modelling aspects that are important to safety. These methods have involved expert knowledge with regards to reactor plant transients and thermal-hydraulic codes to identify are of highest importance. Quantified PIRT provides for rigorous method for quantifying the phenomena that can have the greatest impact. The transients that are evaluated and the timing of those events are typically developed in collaboration with the Probabilistic Risk Analysis. Though quite effective in evaluating risk, traditional PRA methods lack the capability to evaluate complex dynamic systems where end states may vary as a function of transition time from physical state to physical state . Dynamic PRA (DPRA) methods provide a more rigorous analysis of complex dynamic systems. A limitation of DPRA is its potential for state or combinatorial explosion that grows as a function of the number of components; as well as, the sampling of transition times from state-to-state of the entire system. This paper presents a method for performing QPIRT within a dynamic event tree framework such that timing events which result in the highest probabilities of failure are captured and a QPIRT is performed simultaneously while performing a discrete dynamic event tree evaluation. The resulting simulation results in a formal QPIRT for each end state. The use of dynamic event trees results in state explosion as the number of possible component states increases. This paper utilizes a branch and bound algorithm to optimize the solution of the dynamic event trees. The paper summarizes the methods used to implement the branch-and-bound algorithm in solving the discrete dynamic event trees.

  12. Sharing tacit design knowledge in a distributed design environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woo, Jeong-Han

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Throughout the life-cycle of a design project, architects rely heavily on their tacit design knowledge to support design decisions. Tacit knowledge is highly personal and implicit. As such, it encompasses expertise, intuitive understanding...

  13. PMI: Knowledge Elicitation and De Bono's Thinking Tools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Easterbrook, Steve

    PMI: Knowledge Elicitation and De Bono's Thinking Tools M-M. Portmann & S. M. Easterbrook School's thinking tools, the PMI (plus - minus - interesting) and built a knowledge elicitation tool for use

  14. A knowledge based approach to preliminary highway bridge design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodward, Richard Dean

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    focuses on the development of a knowledged based system which would help to guide the inexperienced engineer to a preliminary design configuration for highway bridges. The knowledge based system developed in this study focuses on the preliminary design...

  15. Time and Encoding Effects in the Concealed Knowledge Test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seymour, Travis L.; Fraynt, Becky R.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    items). This weapon-focus effect has been demonstrated ina weapon) seem Table 2 Mean concealed knowledge effect on RT

  16. Knowledge base machines: requirements and short to medium term possibilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cockshott, P.; Kulkarni, K.; Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Architectures for Large Knowledge Bases University of Manchester [More Details

    Cockshott,P. Kulkarni,K. Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Architectures for Large Knowledge Bases University of Manchester

  17. SDS: A Framework for Scientific Data Services

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dong, Bin; Byna, Surendra; Wu, Kesheng

    2013-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Large-scale scientific applications typically write their data to parallel file systems with organizations designed to achieve fast write speeds. Analysis tasks frequently read the data in a pattern that is different from the write pattern, and therefore experience poor I/O performance. In this paper, we introduce a prototype framework for bridging the performance gap between write and read stages of data access from parallel file systems. We call this framework Scientific Data Services, or SDS for short. This initial implementation of SDS focuses on reorganizing previously written files into data layouts that benefit read patterns, and transparently directs read calls to the reorganized data. SDS follows a client-server architecture. The SDS Server manages partial or full replicas of reorganized datasets and serves SDS Clients' requests for data. The current version of the SDS client library supports HDF5 programming interface for reading data. The client library intercepts HDF5 calls and transparently redirects them to the reorganized data. The SDS client library also provides a querying interface for reading part of the data based on user-specified selective criteria. We describe the design and implementation of the SDS client-server architecture, and evaluate the response time of the SDS Server and the performance benefits of SDS.

  18. Brief article Prior knowledge on the illumination position

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mamassian, Pascal

    -retinal knowledge (Rock, 1983). Recent experimental work has emphasized the study of prior knowledge and P was upside-down and consequently shadows were in the wrong place relative to the light source. The position. This explanation rests on the knowledge that the light source stays at the same location whether or not one

  19. Rural Knowledge Clusters: Innovation and Vitality in America's Rural Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinson, David M.

    Summary 1 I. Context: The Challenge of Rural Community Vitality in a Knowledge-Based Global Economy 5 II challenges to prosperity and vitality in a knowledge-based global economy. Traditional sources of rural Minnesota 65 Appendix C: About the Project, "Globalization and Knowledge Clusters for Rural America" 73

  20. Towards a Grid Information Knowledge Base , Marios D. Dikaiakos1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pallis, George

    Towards a Grid Information Knowledge Base Wei Xing1 , Marios D. Dikaiakos1 , and Rizos Sakellariou2 present our work on building a Grid infor- mation knowledge base, which is a key component of a semantic Grid information system. A Core Grid Ontology (CGO) is developed for build- ing a Grid knowledge base

  1. The Cognitive Ergonomics of Knowledge-Based Design Support Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Cognitive Ergonomics of Knowledge-Based Design Support Systems Tamara Sumner Knowledge Media, Cognitive Ergonomics, Design, Design Environments, Knowledge-based Systems, Phone-based Interfaces ergonomic; i.e., systems that effectively support designers' cognitive work without hindering their creative

  2. Knowledge Retention: Developing a Knowledge Transfer Plan for the Engineering Department at Wolf Creek Nuclear Operating Corporation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bussard, Grant William

    2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

    the engineering field is highly steeped in knowledge, it is imperative that tacit and explicit knowledge is retained and transferred in order to develop an effective and efficient organization. When individuals leave the company, they leave with more than what...

  3. Stanford University Exploiting Channel Knowledge at the Tx in MISO and MIMO Wireless Exploiting Partial Channel Knowledge at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paulraj, Arogyaswami

    Stanford University Exploiting Channel Knowledge at the Tx in MISO and MIMO Wireless Exploiting Partial Channel Knowledge at the Transmitter in MISO and MIMO Wireless SPAWC 2003 Rome, Italy June 18 Exploiting Channel Knowledge at the Tx in MISO and MIMO Wireless Outline Introduction · Perfect CSI

  4. Intagorn et al. Harvesting Geospatial Knowledge from Social Metadata Harvesting Geospatial Knowledge from Social

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lerman, Kristina

    Intagorn et al. Harvesting Geospatial Knowledge from Social Metadata Harvesting Geospatial Institute lerman@isi.edu ABSTRACT Up-to-date geospatial information can help crisis management community of the social photo-sharing site Flickr to learn geospatial concepts and relations. Our method leverages

  5. Geologic Framework Model Analysis Model Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    R. Clayton

    2000-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to document the Geologic Framework Model (GFM), Version 3.1 (GFM3.1) with regard to data input, modeling methods, assumptions, uncertainties, limitations, and validation of the model results, qualification status of the model, and the differences between Version 3.1 and previous versions. The GFM represents a three-dimensional interpretation of the stratigraphy and structural features of the location of the potential Yucca Mountain radioactive waste repository. The GFM encompasses an area of 65 square miles (170 square kilometers) and a volume of 185 cubic miles (771 cubic kilometers). The boundaries of the GFM were chosen to encompass the most widely distributed set of exploratory boreholes (the Water Table or WT series) and to provide a geologic framework over the area of interest for hydrologic flow and radionuclide transport modeling through the unsaturated zone (UZ). The depth of the model is constrained by the inferred depth of the Tertiary-Paleozoic unconformity. The GFM was constructed from geologic map and borehole data. Additional information from measured stratigraphy sections, gravity profiles, and seismic profiles was also considered. This interim change notice (ICN) was prepared in accordance with the Technical Work Plan for the Integrated Site Model Process Model Report Revision 01 (CRWMS M&O 2000). The constraints, caveats, and limitations associated with this model are discussed in the appropriate text sections that follow. The GFM is one component of the Integrated Site Model (ISM) (Figure l), which has been developed to provide a consistent volumetric portrayal of the rock layers, rock properties, and mineralogy of the Yucca Mountain site. The ISM consists of three components: (1) Geologic Framework Model (GFM); (2) Rock Properties Model (RPM); and (3) Mineralogic Model (MM). The ISM merges the detailed project stratigraphy into model stratigraphic units that are most useful for the primary downstream models and the repository design. These downstream models include the hydrologic flow models and the radionuclide transport models. All the models and the repository design, in turn, will be incorporated into the Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) of the potential radioactive waste repository block and vicinity to determine the suitability of Yucca Mountain as a host for the repository. The interrelationship of the three components of the ISM and their interface with downstream uses are illustrated in Figure 2.

  6. Workplan and Annex: Solar Resource Knowledge Management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Renne, D.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ''Solar Resource Knowledge Management'' will be a new task under the International Energy Agency's Solar Heating and Cooling Programme. The task development has involved researchers from Germany, France, Switzerland, Spain, Portugal, Italy, Canada, the U.S. that have been engaged in the use of satellite imagery to develop solar resource maps and datasets around the world. The task will address three major areas: (1) ''Benchmarking'' of satellite-based solar resource methods so that resource information derived from approaches developed in one country or based on a specific satellite can be quantitatively intercompared with methods from other countries using different satellites, as well as with ground data; (2) Data archiving and dissemination procedures, especially focusing on access to the data by end users; and (3) basic R&D for improving the reliability and usability of the data, and for examining new types of products important to the solar industry, such as solar resource forecasts.

  7. Lagrangian Variational Framework for Boundary Value Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Figotin; Guillermo Reyes

    2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A boundary value problem is commonly associated with constraints imposed on a system at its boundary. We advance here an alternative point of view treating the system as interacting "boundary" and "interior" subsystems. This view is implemented through a Lagrangian framework that allows to account for (i) a variety of forces including dissipative acting at the boundary; (ii) a multitude of features of interactions between the boundary and the interior fields when the boundary fields may differ from the boundary limit of the interior fields; (iii) detailed pictures of the energy distribution and its flow; (iv) linear and nonlinear effects. We provide a number of elucidating examples of the structured boundary and its interactions with the system interior. We also show that the proposed approach covers the well known boundary value problems.

  8. Risk assessment as a framework for decisions.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rechard, Robert Paul; McKenna, Sean Andrew; Borns, David James

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The risk assessment approach has been applied to support numerous radioactive waste management activities over the last 30 years. A risk assessment methodology provides a solid and readily adaptable framework for evaluating the risks of CO2 sequestration in geologic formations to prioritize research, data collection, and monitoring schemes. This paper reviews the tasks of a risk assessment, and provides a few examples related to each task. This paper then describes an application of sensitivity analysis to identify important parameters to reduce the uncertainty in the performance of a geologic repository for radioactive waste repository, which because of importance of the geologic barrier, is similar to CO2 sequestration. The paper ends with a simple stochastic analysis of idealized CO2 sequestration site with a leaking abandoned well and a set of monitoring wells in an aquifer above the CO2 sequestration unit in order to evaluate the efficacy of monitoring wells to detect adverse leakage.

  9. A framework for benchmarking land models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luo, Yiqi; Randerson, J.; Abramowitz, G.; Bacour, C.; Blyth, E.; Carvalhais, N.; Ciais, Philippe; Dalmonech, D.; Fisher, J.B.; Fisher, R.; Friedlingstein, P.; Hibbard, Kathleen A.; Hoffman, F. M.; Huntzinger, Deborah; Jones, C.; Koven, C.; Lawrence, David M.; Li, D.J.; Mahecha, M.; Niu, S.L.; Norby, Richard J.; Piao, S.L.; Qi, X.; Peylin, P.; Prentice, I.C.; Riley, William; Reichstein, M.; Schwalm, C.; Wang, Y.; Xia, J. Y.; Zaehle, S.; Zhou, X. H.

    2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Land models, which have been developed by the modeling community in the past few decades to predict future states of ecosystems and climate, have to be critically evaluated for their performance skills of simulating ecosystem responses and feedback to climate change. Benchmarking is an emerging procedure to measure performance of models against a set of defined standards. This paper proposes a benchmarking framework for evaluation of land model performances and, meanwhile, highlights major challenges at this infant stage of benchmark analysis. The framework includes (1) targeted aspects of model performance to be evaluated, (2) a set of benchmarks as defined references to test model performance, (3) metrics to measure and compare performance skills among models so as to identify model strengths and deficiencies, and (4) model improvement. Land models are required to simulate exchange of water, energy, carbon and sometimes other trace gases between the atmosphere and land surface, and should be evaluated for their simulations of biophysical processes, biogeochemical cycles, and vegetation dynamics in response to climate change across broad temporal and spatial scales. Thus, one major challenge is to select and define a limited number of benchmarks to effectively evaluate land model performance. The second challenge is to develop metrics of measuring mismatches between models and benchmarks. The metrics may include (1) a priori thresholds of acceptable model performance and (2) a scoring system to combine data–model mismatches for various processes at different temporal and spatial scales. The benchmark analyses should identify clues of weak model performance to guide future development, thus enabling improved predictions of future states of ecosystems and climate. The near-future research effort should be on development of a set of widely acceptable benchmarks that can be used to objectively, effectively, and reliably evaluate fundamental properties of land models to improve their prediction performance skills.

  10. Discovery Mass Reach for Excited Quarks at Hadron Colliders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert M. Harris

    1996-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

    If quarks are composite particles then excited states are expected. We estimate the discovery mass reach as a function of integrated luminosity for excited quarks decaying to dijets at the Tevatron, LHC, and a Very Large Hadron Collider (VLHC). At the Tevatron the mass reach is 0.94 TeV for Run II (2 fb^-1) and 1.1 TeV for TeV33 (30 fb^-1). At the LHC the mass reach is 6.3 TeV for 100 fb^-1. At a VLHC with a center of mass energy, sqrt(s), of 50 TeV (200 TeV) the mass reach is 25 TeV (78 TeV) for an integrated luminosity of 10^4 fb^-1. However, an excited quark with a mass of 25 TeV would be discovered at a hadron collider with sqrt(s)=100 TeV and an integrated luminosity of 13 fb^-1, illustrating a physics example where a factor of 2 in machine energy is worth a factor of 1000 in luminosity.

  11. North African geology: exploration matrix for potential major hydrocarbon discoveries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kanes, W.H.; O'Connor, T.E.

    1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Based on results and models presented previously, it is possible to consider an exploration matrix that examines the 5 basic exploration parameters: source, reservoir, timing, structure, and seal. This matrix indicates that even those basins that have had marginal exploration successes, including the Paleozoic megabasin and downfaulted Triassic grabens of Morocco, the Cyrenaican platform of Libya, and the Tunisia-Sicily shelf, have untested plays. The exploration matrix also suggests these high-risk areas could change significantly, if one of the 5 basic matrix parameters is upgraded or if adjustments in political or financial risk are made. The Sirte basin and the Gulf of Suez, 2 of the more intensely explored areas, also present attractive matrix prospects, particularly with deeper Nubian beds or with the very shallow Tertiary sections. The Ghadames basin of Libya and Tunisia shows some potential, but its evaluation responds strongly to stratigraphic and external nongeologic matrix variations based on degree of risk exposure to be assumed. Of greatest risk in the matrix are the very deep Moroccan Paleozoic clastic plays and the Jurassic of Sinai. However, recent discoveries may upgrade these untested frontier areas. Based on the matrix generated by the data presented at a North African Petroleum Geology symposium, significant hydrocarbon accumulations are yet to be found. The remaining questions are: where in the matrix does each individual company wish to place its exploration capital and how much should be the risk exposure.

  12. Discovery of hot supergiant stars near the Galactic center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jon C. Mauerhan; Michael P. Muno; Mark Morris

    2007-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We report new results of a campaign to find Wolf-Rayet and O (WR/O) stars and high-mass X-ray binaries (HMXBs) in the Galactic center. We searched for candidates by cross-correlating the 2MASS catalog with a deep Chandra catalog of X-ray point sources in the Radio Arches region. Following up with K-band spectroscopy, we found two massive stellar counterparts to CXOGC J174555.3-285126 and CXOGC J174617.0-285131, which we classify as a broad-lined WR star of sub-type WN6b and an O Ia supergiant, respectively. Their X-ray properties are most consistent with those of known colliding-wind binaries in the Galaxy and the Large Magellanic Cloud, although a scenario involving low-rate accretion onto a compact object is also possible. The O Ia star lies 4.4 pc in projection from the Quintuplet cluster, and has a radial velocity consistent with that of the Quintuplet, suggesting that this star might have escaped from the cluster. We also present the discovery of a B2 Ia supergiant, which we identified as a candidate massive star using 8 micron Spitzer maps of the Galactic center in a region near the known massive X-ray-emitting star CXOGC J174516.1-290315. We discuss the origin of these stars in the context of evolving stellar clusters in the Galactic center.

  13. THE DISCOVERY OF PULSATING HOT SUBDWARFS IN NGC 2808

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Thomas M. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)] [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Landsman, Wayne B. [Adnet Systems, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)] [Adnet Systems, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Randall, Suzanna K. [European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, D-85748 Garching bei München (Germany)] [European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, D-85748 Garching bei München (Germany); Sweigart, Allen V. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)] [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Lanz, Thierry, E-mail: tbrown@stsci.edu, E-mail: Wayne.Landsman@nasa.gov, E-mail: srandall@eso.org, E-mail: allen.sweigart@gmail.com, E-mail: Thierry.Lanz@oca.eu [Laboratoire Lagrange, UMR7293, Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis, CNRS, Observatoire de la Côte dAzur, F-06304 Nice (France)] [Laboratoire Lagrange, UMR7293, Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis, CNRS, Observatoire de la Côte dAzur, F-06304 Nice (France)

    2013-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the results of a Hubble Space Telescope program to search for pulsating hot subdwarfs in the core of NGC 2808. These observations were motivated by the recent discovery of such stars in the outskirts of ? Cen. Both NGC 2808 and ? Cen are massive globular clusters exhibiting complex stellar populations and large numbers of extreme horizontal branch stars. Our far-UV photometric monitoring of over 100 hot evolved stars has revealed six pulsating subdwarfs with periods ranging from 85 to 149 s and UV amplitudes of 2.0%-6.8%. In the UV color-magnitude diagram of NGC 2808, all six of these stars lie immediately below the canonical horizontal branch, a region populated by the subluminous 'blue-hook' stars. For three of these six pulsators, we also have low-resolution far-UV spectroscopy that is sufficient to broadly constrain their atmospheric abundances and effective temperatures. Curiously, and in contrast to the ? Cen pulsators, the NGC 2808 pulsators do not exhibit the spectroscopic or photometric uniformity one might expect from a well-defined instability strip, although they all fall within a narrow band (0.2 mag) of far-UV luminosity.

  14. The Discovery of Balmer-filaments Encircling SNR RCW 86

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Chris Smith

    1997-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the discovery of Balmer-dominated filaments along almost the complete periphery of the supernova remnant RCW 86 (also known as G 315.2-2.3 or MSH 14-63). Using the UM/CTIO Curtis Schmidt telescope, we obtained deep CCD images in the emission of Halpha and [S II], together with continuum images to remove stellar confusion. After continuum subtraction, we discovered a network of Halpha filaments reaching almost completely around the remnant. Most of the newly identified filaments show no corresponding [S II] emission, indicating that they belong to the peculiar ''Balmer-dominated'' class of filaments. Comparison of these Balmer filaments with existing radio and X-ray images of RCW 86 shows an overall similarity, although interesting differences are apparent upon detailed inspection. While further observations of these newly identified optical filaments may eventually provide more detailed information on the kinematics and distance to RCW 86, the distance currently remains uncertain. We argue that the shorter distance estimates of ~1 kpc are still favored.

  15. DISCOVERY OF THE PIGTAIL MOLECULAR CLOUD IN THE GALACTIC CENTER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matsumura, Shinji; Oka, Tomoharu; Tanaka, Kunihiko [Institute of Science and Technology, Keio University, 3-14-1 Hiyoshi, Yokohama, Kanagawa 223-8522 (Japan); Nagai, Makoto [Institute of Physics, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8571 (Japan); Kamegai, Kazuhisa [Institute of Science and Technology, Tokyo University of Science, 2641 Yamazaki, Noda, Chiba (Japan); Hasegawa, Tetsuo [Joint ALMA Observatory, El Golf 40, Piso 18, Las Condes, Santiago (Chile)

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports the discovery of a helical molecular cloud in the central molecular zone (CMZ) of our Galaxy. This 'pigtail' molecular cloud appears at (l, b, V{sub LSR}) {approx_equal} (-0.{sup 0}7, + 0.{sup 0}0, - 70 to -30 km s{sup -1}), with a spatial size of {approx}20 Multiplication-Sign 20 pc{sup 2} and a mass of (2-6) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 5} M{sub Sun }. This is the third helical gaseous nebula found in the Galactic center region to date. Line intensity ratios indicate that the pigtail molecular cloud has slightly higher temperature and/or density than the other normal clouds in the CMZ. We also found a high-velocity wing emission near the footpoint of this cloud. We propose a formation model of the pigtail molecular cloud. It might be associated with a magnetic tube that is twisted and coiled because of the interaction between clouds in the innermost x{sub 1} orbit and ones in the outermost x{sub 2} orbit.

  16. Germanium: From Its Discovery to SiGe Devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haller, E.E.

    2006-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Germanium, element No.32, was discovered in 1886 by Clemens Winkler. Its first broad application was in the form of point contact Schottky diodes for radar reception during WWII. The addition of a closely spaced second contact led to the first all-solid-state electronic amplifier device, the transistor. The relatively low bandgap, the lack of a stable oxide and large surface state densities relegated germanium to the number 2 position behind silicon. The discovery of the lithium drift process, which made possible the formation of p-i-n diodes with fully depletable i-regions several centimeters thick, led germanium to new prominence as the premier gamma-ray detector. The development of ultra-pure germanium yielded highly stable detectors which have remained unsurpassed in their performance. New acceptors and donors were discovered and the electrically active role of hydrogen was clearly established several years before similar findings in silicon. Lightly doped germanium has found applications as far infrared detectors and heavily Neutron Transmutation Doped (NTD) germanium is used in thermistor devices operating at a few milliKelvin. Recently germanium has been rediscovered by the silicon device community because of its superior electron and hole mobility and its ability to induce strains when alloyed with silicon. Germanium is again a mainstream electronic material.

  17. Discovery of a Jupiter/Saturn Analog with Gravitational Microlensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. S. Gaudi; D. P. Bennett; A. Udalski; A. Gould; G. W. Christie; D. Maoz; S. Dong; J. McCormick; M. K. Szymanski; P. J. Tristram; S. Nikolaev; B. Paczynski; M. Kubiak; G. Pietrzynski; I. Soszynski; O. Szewczyk; K. Ulaczyk; L. Wyrzykowski; D. L. DePoy; C. Han; S. Kaspi; C. -U. Lee; F. Mallia; T. Natusch; R. W. Pogge; B. -G. Park; F. Abe; I. A. Bond; C. S. Botzler; A. Fukui; J. B. Hearnshaw; Y. Itow; K. Kamiya; A. V. Korpela; P. M. Kilmartin; W. Lin; K. Masuda; Y. Matsubara; M. Motomura; Y. Muraki; S. Nakamura; T. Okumura; K. Ohnishi; N. J. Rattenbury; T. Sako; To. Saito; S. Sato; L. Skuljan; D. J. Sullivan; T. Sumi; W. L. Sweatman; P. C. M. Yock; M. D. Albrow; A. Allan; J. -P. Beaulieu; M. J. Burgdorf; K. H. Cook; C. Coutures; M. Dominik; S. Dieters; P. Fouque; J. Greenhill; K. Horne; I. Steele; Y. Tsapras; B. Chaboyer; A. Crocker; S. Frank; B. Macintosh

    2008-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Searches for extrasolar planets have uncovered an astonishing diversity of planetary systems, yet the frequency of solar system analogs remains unknown. The gravitational microlensing planet search method is potentially sensitive to multiple-planet systems containing analogs of all the solar system planets except Mercury. We report the detection of a multiple-planet system with microlensing. We identify two planets with masses of ~0.71 and ~0.27 times the mass of Jupiter and orbital separations of ~2.3 and ~4.6 astronomical units orbiting a primary star of mass ~0.50 solar masses at a distance of ~1.5 kiloparsecs. This system resembles a scaled version of our solar system in that the mass ratio, separation ratio, and equilibrium temperatures of the planets are similar to those of Jupiter and Saturn. These planets could not have been detected with other techniques; their discovery from only six confirmed microlensing planet detections suggests that solar system analogs may be common.

  18. UAC Rule R655-1 Wells Used for the Discovery and Production of...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    5-1 Wells Used for the Discovery and Production of Geothermal Energy in the State of Utah Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document-...

  19. Discovery of the Most Distant Supernovae and the Quest for Omega

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldhaber, G.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the Most Distant Supernovae and the Quest for .Q G.Discovery of the Most Distant Supernovae and the Quest for QOF THE MOST DISTANT SUPERNOVAE AND THE QUEST FOR fl* GERSON

  20. The BioAssay network and its implications to future therapeutic discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Jintao; Lushington, Gerald H.; Huan, Jun

    2011-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Background: Despite intense investment growth and technology development, there is an observed bottleneck in drug discovery and development over the past decade. NIH started the Molecular Libraries Initiative (MLI) in 2003 ...

  1. NERSC Global Filesystem Played a Key Role in Discovery of the...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    JAHules@lbl.gov, +1 510 486 6008 XBD201107-00790-183.jpg Daya Bay Neutrino Facility in China. Photo by Roy Kaltschmidt, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Discovery of the...

  2. Impact of Recent Discoveries on Petroleum and Natural Gas Exploration: Emphasis on India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Marvin Herndon

    2010-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Two discoveries have greatly impacted understanding relevant to the origination and emplacement of petroleum and natural gas deposits. One discovery, pertaining to hydrocarbon formation from methane broadens significantly potential regions where abiotic petroleum and natural gas deposits might be found. The other, discovery of the physical impossibility of Earth-mantle convection, restricts the range and domain of geodynamic behavior, and leads to new insights on the formation of petroleum and natural gas deposits. This article highlights the impact and implications of those discoveries, especially as they relate to petroleum and natural gas exploration in India and throughout the world. From the reasoning developed here, the generality of the considerations involved, the understanding developed with respect to the East African Rift System, and the experience garnered from the larger and older Siberian Traps, the prognosis and potential for the region beneath the Deccan Traps of India to eventually become a major source of petroleum and natural gas seems quite favorable.

  3. E-Print Network 3.0 - atlas discovery reach Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    October 2005 Summary: -up (Section 2), the ATLAS discovery potential for the Higgs boson(s) in different scenarios: SM, Minimal... a dependence on the top mass and on five...

  4. Discovery of Genes and Genomes through Deep Metagenomic Sequencing of Cow Rumen (2010 JGI User Meeting)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Rubin, Eddy

    2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Director Eddy Rubin on "Discovery of Genes and Genomes through Deep Metagenomic Sequencing of Cow Rumen" on March 25, 2010 at the 5th Annual DOE JGI User Meeting

  5. Metagenomics for Etiologic Agent Discovery (Seventh Annual Sequencing, Finishing, Analysis in the Future (SFAF) Meeting 2012)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Ross, Matthew [Baylor College of Medicine

    2013-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Matthew Ross on "Metagenomics for etiological agent discovery" at the 2012 Sequencing, Finishing, Analysis in the Future Meeting held June 5-7, 2012 in Santa Fe, New Mexico.

  6. New Mexico--West Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves New Field Discoveries...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves New Field Discoveries (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 2010's 0 0 0 0 - ...

  7. Discovery of the Higgs boson is being hailed as the most

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baskaran, Mark

    Discovery of the Higgs boson is being hailed as the most significant event in physics in the past oversimplified, the Higgs boson is the particle responsible for giving mass to all other particles. WSU team

  8. Fullerenes Buckminster Fullerenes ("Buckyballs") have fascinated chemists since the original discovery of C60, leading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weston, Ken

    discovery of C60, leading to the 1996 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for Curl, Kroto, and Smalley. Although metal ion, such as titanium, zirconium, or uranium directly from carbon vapor. The resulting M@C28

  9. Combined Catalysis and Optical Screening for High Throughput Discovery of Solar Fuels Catalysts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faraon, Andrei

    Combined Catalysis and Optical Screening for High Throughput Discovery of Solar Fuels Catalysts J,b a Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA b Engineering Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720

  10. Situ Discovery Electrostatic Potential, Trapping Electrons and Mediating Fast Reconnection Earth's Magnetotail

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Egedal, Jan

    Situ Discovery Electrostatic Potential, Trapping Electrons and Mediating Fast Reconnection Earth phase distributions, measured Wind spacecraft a rare crossing diffusion region in Earth's magnetotail, the presence a strong electrostatic potential within ion diffusion region is revealed. potential reaching

  11. The melting pot of automated discovery: principles for a new science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ras, Zbigniew W.

    The melting pot of automated discovery: principles for a new science Jan M. _Zytkow Computer, 1993, Si- mon, Valdes-Perez & Sleeman 1997, and in Proceedings of 1995 AAAI Spring Symposium

  12. Transaction-Based Building Controls Framework, Volume 1: Reference Guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Somasundaram, Sriram; Pratt, Robert G.; Akyol, Bora A.; Fernandez, Nicholas; Foster, Nikolas AF; Katipamula, Srinivas; Mayhorn, Ebony T.; Somani, Abhishek; Steckley, Andrew C.; Taylor, Zachary T.

    2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This document proposes a framework concept to achieve the objectives of raising buildings’ efficiency and energy savings potential benefitting building owners and operators. We call it a transaction-based framework, wherein mutually-beneficial and cost-effective market-based transactions can be enabled between multiple players across different domains. Transaction-based building controls are one part of the transactional energy framework. While these controls realize benefits by enabling automatic, market-based intra-building efficiency optimizations, the transactional energy framework provides similar benefits using the same market -based structure, yet on a larger scale and beyond just buildings, to the society at large.

  13. A Synthetic Biology Framework for Programming Eukaryotic Transcription Functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khalil, Ahmad S.

    Eukaryotic transcription factors (TFs) perform complex and combinatorial functions within transcriptional networks. Here, we present a synthetic framework for systematically constructing eukaryotic transcription functions ...

  14. A Valuation-Based Framework for Considering Distributed Generation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Valuation-Based Framework for Considering Distributed Generation Photovoltaic Tariff Design Preprint Owen R. Zinaman National Renewable Energy Laboratory Nam R. Darghouth...

  15. AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Germany) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability identification, dEfense and Restoration Country Germany Coordinates...

  16. COMMUNICATION TO THE EDITOR A Restructured Framework for Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daugulis, Andrew J.

    COMMUNICATION TO THE EDITOR A Restructured Framework for Modeling Oxygen Transfer in Two: This communication proposes a mechanistic modification to a recently published method for analyzing oxygen mass

  17. Tool Kit Framework: Small Town University Energy Program (STEP)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Tool Kit Framework: Small Town University Energy Program (STEP), as posted on the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Neighborhood Program website.

  18. adaptive bin framework: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lin, Lin; Ying, Lexing; E, Weinan 2011-01-01 163 Multifractal Diffusion Entropy Analysis: Optimal Bin Width of Probability Histograms CERN Preprints Summary: In the framework...

  19. AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Norway) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability identification, dEfense and Restoration Country Norway Coordinates...

  20. Application of SALSSA Framework to the Validation of Smoothed...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hydrodynamics Simulations of Low Reynolds Number Flows. Abstract: The Support Architecture for Large-Scale Subsurface Analysis (SALSSA) provides an extensible framework,...

  1. A Framework for the Optimization of Integrated Energy Systems...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Framework for the Optimization of Integrated Energy Systems(Jain and Alleyne 2012) Home > Groups > Energy Systems Integration Qinsun's picture Submitted by Qinsun(35) Member 15...

  2. Risk assessment framework for geologic carbon sequestration sites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oldenburg, C.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Framework for geologic carbon sequestration risk assessment,for geologic carbon sequestration risk assessment, Energyfor Geologic Carbon Sequestration, Int. J. of Greenhouse Gas

  3. Sandia National Laboratories: metal-organic framework materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    metal-organic framework materials Combining 'Tinkertoy' Materials with Solar Cells for Increased Photovoltaic Efficiency On December 4, 2014, in Energy, Materials Science, News,...

  4. Discovery of An Aurora Kinase Inhibitor Through Site-Specific Dynamic Combinatorial Chemistry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cancilla, M.T.; He, M.M.; Viswanathan, N.; Simmons, R.L.; Taylor, M.; Fung, A.D.; Cao, K.; Erlanson, D.A.

    2009-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate a fragment-based lead discovery method that combines site-directed ligand discovery with dynamic combinatorial chemistry. Our technique targets dynamic combinatorial screening to a specified region of a protein by using reversible disulfide chemistry. We have used this technology to rapidly identify inhibitors of the drug target Aurora A that span the purine-binding site and the adaptive pocket of the kinase. The binding mode of a noncovalent inhibitor has been further characterized through crystallography.

  5. A Run-Time Verification Framework for Smart Grid Applications Implemented on Simulation Frameworks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ciraci, Selim; Sozer, Hasan; Tekinerdogan, Bedir

    2013-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Smart grid applications are implemented and tested with simulation frameworks as the developers usually do not have access to large sensor networks to be used as a test bed. The developers are forced to map the implementation onto these frameworks which results in a deviation between the architecture and the code. On its turn this deviation makes it hard to verify behavioral constraints that are de- scribed at the architectural level. We have developed the ConArch toolset to support the automated verification of architecture-level behavioral constraints. A key feature of ConArch is programmable mapping for architecture to the implementation. Here, developers implement queries to identify the points in the target program that correspond to architectural interactions. ConArch generates run- time observers that monitor the flow of execution between these points and verifies whether this flow conforms to the behavioral constraints. We illustrate how the programmable mappings can be exploited for verifying behavioral constraints of a smart grid appli- cation that is implemented with two simulation frameworks.

  6. Pattern Search in Multi-structure Data: A Framework for the Next-Generation Evidence-based Medicine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sukumar, Sreenivas R [ORNL] [ORNL; Ainsworth, Keela C [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With the advent of personalized and evidence-based medicine, the need for a framework to analyze/interpret quantitative measurements (blood work, toxicology, etc.) with qualitative descriptions (specialist reports after reading images, bio-medical knowledge-bases) to predict diagnostic risks is fast emerging. Addressing this need, we pose and address the following questions (i) How can we jointly analyze both qualitative and quantitative data ? (ii) Is the fusion of multi-structure data expected to provide better insights than either of them individually ? We present experiments on two bio-medical data sets - mammography and traumatic brain studies to demonstrate architectures and tools for evidence-pattern search.

  7. Technology development for gene discovery and full-length sequencing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marcelo Bento Soares

    2004-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

    In previous years, with support from the U.S. Department of Energy, we developed methods for construction of normalized and subtracted cDNA libraries, and constructed hundreds of high-quality libraries for production of Expressed Sequence Tags (ESTs). Our clones were made widely available to the scientific community through the IMAGE Consortium, and millions of ESTs were produced from our libraries either by collaborators or by our own sequencing laboratory at the University of Iowa. During this grant period, we focused on (1) the development of a method for preferential cloning of tissue-specific and/or rare transcripts, (2) its utilization to expedite EST-based gene discovery for the NIH Mouse Brain Molecular Anatomy Project, (3) further development and optimization of a method for construction of full-length-enriched cDNA libraries, and (4) modification of a plasmid vector to maximize efficiency of full-length cDNA sequencing by the transposon-mediated approach. It is noteworthy that the technology developed for preferential cloning of rare mRNAs enabled identification of over 2,000 mouse transcripts differentially expressed in the hippocampus. In addition, the method that we optimized for construction of full-length-enriched cDNA libraries was successfully utilized for the production of approximately fifty libraries from the developing mouse nervous system, from which over 2,500 full-ORF-containing cDNAs have been identified and accurately sequenced in their entirety either by our group or by the NIH-Mammalian Gene Collection Program Sequencing Team.

  8. DISCOVERY OF A PROTOCLUSTER AT z {approx} 6

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Toshikawa, Jun; Kashikawa, Nobunari; Shibuya, Takatoshi; Ishizaki, Yoshifumi [Department of Astronomy, School of Science, Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Ota, Kazuaki; Nagao, Tohru [Department of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Morokuma, Tomoki; Motohara, Kentaro [Institute of Astronomy, University of Tokyo, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-0015 (Japan); Hayashi, Masao [Optical and Infrared Astronomy Division, National Astronomical Observatory, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Jiang, Linhua; Egami, Eiichi [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 North Chery Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Malkan, Matthew A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1547 (United States); Shimasaku, Kazuhiro, E-mail: jun.toshikawa@nao.ac.jp [Department of Astronomy, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)

    2012-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the discovery of a protocluster at z {approx} 6 containing at least eight cluster member galaxies with spectroscopic confirmations in the wide-field image of the Subaru Deep Field (SDF). The overdensity of the protocluster is significant at the 6{sigma} level, based on the surface number density of i'-dropout galaxies. The overdense region covers {approx}6' Multiplication-Sign 6' (14 Mpc Multiplication-Sign 14 Mpc in comoving units at z = 6) and includes 30 i'-dropout galaxies. Follow-up spectroscopy revealed that 15 of these are real z {approx} 6 galaxies (5.7 < z < 6.3). Of these 15, 8 are clustering in a narrow redshift range ({Delta}z < 0.05 centered at z = 6.01), corresponding to a seven-fold increase in number density over the average in redshift space. We found no significant difference in the observed properties, such as Ly{alpha} luminosities and UV continuum magnitudes, between the eight protocluster members and the seven non-members. The velocity dispersion of the eight protocluster members is 647 {+-} 124 km s{sup -1}, which is about three times higher than that predicted by the standard cold dark matter model. This discrepancy could be attributed to the distinguishing three-dimensional distribution of the eight protocluster members. We discuss two possible explanations for this discrepancy: either the protocluster is already mature, with old galaxies at the center, or it is still immature and composed of three subgroups merging to become a larger cluster. In either case, this concentration of z = 6.01 galaxies in the SDF may be one of the first sites of formation of a galaxy cluster in the universe.

  9. Fermi Discovery of Gamma-Ray Emission from NGC 1275

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abdo, Aous A.; /Naval Research Lab, Wash., D.C.; Ackermann, M.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Ajello, M.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Asano, K.; /Tokyo Inst. Tech.; Baldini, L.; /INFN, Pisa; Ballet, J.; /DAPNIA, Saclay; Barbiellini, Guido; /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U.; Bastieri, Denis; /INFN, Padua /Padua U.; Baughman, B.M.; /Ohio State U.; Bechtol, K.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Bellazzini, R.; /INFN, Pisa; Blandford, R.D.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Bloom, Elliott D.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Bonamente, E.; /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U.; Borgland, A.W.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Bregeon, J.; /INFN, Pisa; Brez, A.; /INFN, Pisa; Brigida, M.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Bruel, P.; /Ecole Polytechnique; Burnett, Thompson H.; /Washington U., Seattle; Caliandro, G.A.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /IASF, Milan /IASF, Milan /DAPNIA, Saclay /ASDC, Frascati /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /SISSA, Trieste /George Mason U. /Naval Research Lab, Wash., D.C. /NASA, Goddard /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Montpellier U. /ASDC, Frascati /Sonoma State U. /Stockholm U., OKC /Royal Inst. Tech., Stockholm /Stockholm U. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Naval Research Lab, Wash., D.C. /INFN, Trieste /Bari U. /INFN, Bari /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /NASA, Goddard /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /CENBG, Gradignan /CENBG, Gradignan /Montpellier U. /Bari U. /INFN, Bari /Naval Research Lab, Wash., D.C. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /INFN, Trieste /Hiroshima U.; /more authors..

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the discovery of high-energy (E > 100 MeV) {gamma}-ray emission from NGC 1275, a giant elliptical galaxy lying at the center of the Perseus cluster of galaxies, based on observations made with the Large Area Telescope (LAT) of the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope. The positional center of the {gamma}-ray source is only {approx}3{prime} away from the NGC 1275 nucleus, well within the 95% LAT error circle of {approx}5{prime}. The spatial distribution of {gamma}-ray photons is consistent with a point source. The average flux and power-law photon index measured with the LAT from 2008 August 4 to 2008 December 5 are F{sub {gamma}} = (2.10 {+-} 0.23) x 10{sup -7} ph (>100 MeV) cm{sup -2} s{sup -1} and {Gamma} = 2.17 {+-} 0.05, respectively. The measurements are statistically consistent with constant flux during the four-month LAT observing period. Previous EGRET observations gave an upper limit of F{sub {gamma}} < 3.72 x 10{sup -8} ph (>100 MeV) cm{sup -2} s{sup -1} to the {gamma}-ray flux from NGC 1275. This indicates that the source is variable on timescales of years to decades, and therefore restricts the fraction of emission that can be produced in extended regions of the galaxy cluster. Contemporaneous and historical radio observations are also reported. The broadband spectrum of NGC 1275 is modeled with a simple one-zone synchrotron/synchrotron self-Compton model and a model with a decelerating jet flow.

  10. Processes, data structures, and apparatuses for representing knowledge

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hohimer, Ryan E. (West Richland, WA); Thomson, Judi R. (Guelph, CA); Harvey, William J. (Richland, WA); Paulson, Patrick R. (Pasco, WA); Whiting, Mark A. (Richland, WA); Tratz, Stephen C. (Richland, WA); Chappell, Alan R. (Seattle, WA); Butner, R. Scott (Richland, WA)

    2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Processes, data structures, and apparatuses to represent knowledge are disclosed. The processes can comprise labeling elements in a knowledge signature according to concepts in an ontology and populating the elements with confidence values. The data structures can comprise knowledge signatures stored on computer-readable media. The knowledge signatures comprise a matrix structure having elements labeled according to concepts in an ontology, wherein the value of the element represents a confidence that the concept is present in an information space. The apparatus can comprise a knowledge representation unit having at least one ontology stored on a computer-readable medium, at least one data-receiving device, and a processor configured to generate knowledge signatures by comparing datasets obtained by the data-receiving devices to the ontologies.

  11. Initial Risk Analysis and Decision Making Framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Engel, David W.

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Commercialization of new carbon capture simulation initiative (CCSI) technology will include two key elements of risk management, namely, technical risk (will process and plant performance be effective, safe, and reliable) and enterprise risk (can project losses and costs be controlled within the constraints of market demand to maintain profitability and investor confidence). Both of these elements of risk are incorporated into the risk analysis subtask of Task 7. Thus far, this subtask has developed a prototype demonstration tool that quantifies risk based on the expected profitability of expenditures when retrofitting carbon capture technology on a stylized 650 MW pulverized coal electric power generator. The prototype is based on the selection of specific technical and financial factors believed to be important determinants of the expected profitability of carbon capture, subject to uncertainty. The uncertainty surrounding the technical performance and financial variables selected thus far is propagated in a model that calculates the expected profitability of investments in carbon capture and measures risk in terms of variability in expected net returns from these investments. Given the preliminary nature of the results of this prototype, additional work is required to expand the scope of the model to include additional risk factors, additional information on extant and proposed risk factors, the results of a qualitative risk factor elicitation process, and feedback from utilities and other interested parties involved in the carbon capture project. Additional information on proposed distributions of these risk factors will be integrated into a commercial implementation framework for the purpose of a comparative technology investment analysis.

  12. Acceptance Criteria Framework for Autonomous Biological Detectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dzenitis, J M

    2006-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to examine a set of user acceptance criteria for autonomous biological detection systems for application in high-traffic, public facilities. The test case for the acceptance criteria was the Autonomous Pathogen Detection System (APDS) operating in high-traffic facilities in New York City (NYC). However, the acceptance criteria were designed to be generally applicable to other biological detection systems in other locations. For such detection systems, ''users'' will include local authorities (e.g., facility operators, public health officials, and law enforcement personnel) and national authorities [including personnel from the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the BioWatch Program, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)]. The panel members brought expertise from a broad range of backgrounds to complete this picture. The goals of this document are: (1) To serve as informal guidance for users in considering the benefits and costs of these systems. (2) To serve as informal guidance for developers in understanding the needs of users. In follow-up work, this framework will be used to systematically document the APDS for appropriateness and readiness for use in NYC.

  13. Simulation framework for intelligent transportation systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ewing, T.; Doss, E.; Hanebutte, U.; Tentner, A.

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A simulation framework has been developed for a large-scale, comprehensive, scaleable simulation of an Intelligent Transportation System (ITS). The simulator is designed for running on parallel computers and distributed (networked) computer systems, but can run on standalone workstations for smaller simulations. The simulator currently models instrumented smart vehicles with in-vehicle navigation units capable of optimal route planning and Traffic Management Centers (TMC). The TMC has probe vehicle tracking capabilities (display position and attributes of instrumented vehicles), and can provide two-way interaction with traffic to provide advisories and link times. Both the in-vehicle navigation module and the TMC feature detailed graphical user interfaces to support human-factors studies. Realistic modeling of variations of the posted driving speed are based on human factors studies that take into consideration weather, road conditions, driver personality and behavior, and vehicle type. The prototype has been developed on a distributed system of networked UNIX computers but is designed to run on parallel computers, such as ANL`s IBM SP-2, for large-scale problems. A novel feature of the approach is that vehicles are represented by autonomous computer processes which exchange messages with other processes. The vehicles have a behavior model which governs route selection and driving behavior, and can react to external traffic events much like real vehicles. With this approach, the simulation is scaleable to take advantage of emerging massively parallel processor (MPP) systems.

  14. DOE Knowledge Management Community of Practice | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    to: - Share best practices for corporately promoting knowledge sharing for professional development and continual learning. - Create a sustainable network to strategize ways to...

  15. Design of currency, markets, and economy for knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Dawei

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Information markets benefit the communities they serve by facilitating electronic distributed exchange of information. Further benefits include enhancing knowledge sharing, innovation, and productivity. This research ...

  16. Managing Knowledge for Innovations in Wind Power Industry.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karatas, Bora

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?? On one side Innovation, innovation systems and knowledge management are two topics have been discussed so much by scholars before. The advantages gained through… (more)

  17. MHK Technologies/New Knowledge Wind and Wave Renewable Mobile...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wave Renewable Mobile Wind and Wave Power Plant Platform < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage New Knowledge Wind and Wave Renewable...

  18. Equip Tourists with Knowledge Mined from Travelogues , Changhu Wang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narasayya, Vivek

    -representative knowledge such as attractions (e.g., Golden Gate Bridge), styles (e.g., beach, history), and activ- ities (e

  19. Epistemic Friction: Reflections on Knowledge, Truth, and Logic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sher, Gila

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ARTICLE Epistemic Friction: Re?ections on Knowledge, Truth,requires both freedom and friction. Freedom to set up ourprograms, etc. , and friction (constraint) coming from two

  20. Exploration Best Practices and the OpenEI Knowledge Exchange...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Exchange Webinar Exploration Best Practices and the OpenEI Knowledge Exchange Webinar slide presentation by Katherine Young, Timothy Reber and Kermit Witherbee on April 11, 2012....