Sample records for knowledge discovery framework

  1. Knowledge Discovery Framework for the Virtual Observatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Brian; Huang, Zenping; Teuben, Peter

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe a framework that allows a scientist-user to easily query for information across all Virtual Observatory (VO) repositories and pull it back for analysis. This framework hides the gory details of meta-data remediation and data formatting from the user, allowing them to get on with search, retrieval and analysis of VO data as if they were drawn from a single source using a science based terminology rather than a data-centric one.

  2. Feedstock Production Datasets from the Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework invites users to discover the power of bioenergy through an interface that provides extensive access to research data and literature, GIS mapping tools, and collaborative networks. The Bioenergy KDF supports efforts to develop a robust and sustainable bioenergy industry. The KDF facilitates informed decision making by providing a means to synthesize, analyze, and visualize vast amounts of information in a relevant and succinct manner. It harnesses Web 2.0 and social networking technologies to build a collective knowledge system that can better examine the economic and environmental impacts of development options for biomass feedstock production, biorefineries, and related infrastructure. [copied from https://www.bioenergykdf.net/content/about] Holdings include datasets, models, and maps and the collections are growing due to both DOE contributions and data uploads from individuals.

  3. Biofuel Distribution Datasets from the Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework invites users to discover the power of bioenergy through an interface that provides extensive access to research data and literature, GIS mapping tools, and collaborative networks. The Bioenergy KDF supports efforts to develop a robust and sustainable bioenergy industry. The KDF facilitates informed decision making by providing a means to synthesize, analyze, and visualize vast amounts of information in a relevant and succinct manner. It harnesses Web 2.0 and social networking technologies to build a collective knowledge system that can better examine the economic and environmental impacts of development options for biomass feedstock production, biorefineries, and related infrastructure. [copied from https://www.bioenergykdf.net/content/about] Holdings include datasets, models, and maps and the collections are growing due to both DOE contributions and individuals' data uploads.

  4. Biofuel Production Datasets from DOE's Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework (KDF)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework invites users to discover the power of bioenergy through an interface that provides extensive access to research data and literature, GIS mapping tools, and collaborative networks. The Bioenergy KDF supports efforts to develop a robust and sustainable bioenergy industry. The KDF facilitates informed decision making by providing a means to synthesize, analyze, and visualize vast amounts of information in a relevant and succinct manner. It harnesses Web 2.0 and social networking technologies to build a collective knowledge system that can better examine the economic and environmental impacts of development options for biomass feedstock production, biorefineries, and related infrastructure. [copied from https://www.bioenergykdf.net/content/about]

    Holdings include datasets, models, and maps and the collections arel growing due to both DOE contributions and data uploads from individuals.

  5. Feedstock Logistics Datasets from DOE's Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework (KDF)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework invites users to discover the power of bioenergy through an interface that provides extensive access to research data and literature, GIS mapping tools, and collaborative networks. The Bioenergy KDF supports efforts to develop a robust and sustainable bioenergy industry. The KDF facilitates informed decision making by providing a means to synthesize, analyze, and visualize vast amounts of information in a relevant and succinct manner. It harnesses Web 2.0 and social networking technologies to build a collective knowledge system that can better examine the economic and environmental impacts of development options for biomass feedstock production, biorefineries, and related infrastructure. Holdings include datasets, models, and maps. [from https://www.bioenergykdf.net/content/about

  6. Biofuel Enduse Datasets from the Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework (KDF)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework invites users to discover the power of bioenergy through an interface that provides extensive access to research data and literature, GIS mapping tools, and collaborative networks. The Bioenergy KDF supports efforts to develop a robust and sustainable bioenergy industry. The KDF facilitates informed decision making by providing a means to synthesize, analyze, and visualize vast amounts of information in a relevant and succinct manner. It harnesses Web 2.0 and social networking technologies to build a collective knowledge system that can better examine the economic and environmental impacts of development options for biomass feedstock production, biorefineries, and related infrastructure. [copied from https://www.bioenergykdf.net/content/about]

    Holdings include datasets, models, and maps. This is a very new resource, but the collections will grow due to both DOE contributions and individualsĆ data uploads. Currently the Biofuel Enduse collection includes 133 items. Most of these are categorized as literature, but 36 are listed as datasets and ten as models.

  7. Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework (KDF)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The FutureCommentsEnergyand SustainedBio-OilBioenergy 2015

  8. Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Practice Notes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Novak, Petra Kralj

    1 Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Practice Notes Petra Kralj Novak Petra.Kralj.Novak@ijs.si and exam · 2013/1/15: Written exam, seminar proposal discussion · 2013/2/12: Data mining seminar

  9. Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Practice Notes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Novak, Petra Kralj

    1 Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Practice Notes Petra Kralj Novak Petra.Kralj.Novak@ijs.si on Weka 3: Descriptive data mining ­ Discussion about seminars and exam · 2013/12/16: Written exam

  10. Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Practice Notes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Novak, Petra Kralj

    1 Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Practice Notes dr. Petra Kralj Novak Petra.Kralj.Novak@ijs.si and exam · 2013/12/16: Written exam, seminar proposal discussion · 2014/1/8: Data mining seminar gain becomes the root 7. Divide the set S into subsets Si according to the values of A 8. Repeat steps

  11. A Scalable Framework for Cyber Attack Discovery and Situational...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Scalable Framework for Cyber Attack Discovery and Situational Understanding (SITU) May 15, 2013 Problem Statement: Cyber attacks cost commercial and governmental organizations vast...

  12. Automatic Multimedia Knowledge Discovery, Summarization and Evaluation Ana B. Benitez *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fan, Jianping

    Automatic Multimedia Knowledge Discovery, Summarization and Evaluation Ana B. Benitez * Department for automatically discovering, summarizing and evaluating multimedia knowledge from annotated images in the form for applications to intelligently, efficiently and coherently deal with multimedia. The proposed methods include

  13. I' om Data Mining to Knowledge Discovery: Usama M. Fayyad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raghavan, Vijay

    I' om Data Mining to Knowledge Discovery: Overview Usama M. Fayyad Jet Propulsion Laboratory knowledge discovery and data ~g. We begin with a definition of the KDD process and basic data mining :=c on the order of 50 giga- bytes of remotely sensed image data per hour when operational in the late 1990s

  14. Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework Recognized at National...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    research. In 2014, the Bioenergy KDF released new tools, including the Legislative Library, Biomass Scenario Model Tool, and DOE-Funded Content Page. This award is significant...

  15. The Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework (KDF)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMayDepartmentTest for Pumping System EfficiencyRole(EAP)Energy TheThe

  16. Knowledge Framework Implementation with Multiple Architectures - 13090

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Upadhyay, H.; Lagos, L.; Quintero, W.; Shoffner, P. [Applied Research Center, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33174 (United States)] [Applied Research Center, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33174 (United States); DeGregory, J. [Office of D and D and Facility Engineering, Environmental Management, Department of Energy (United States)] [Office of D and D and Facility Engineering, Environmental Management, Department of Energy (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Multiple kinds of knowledge management systems are operational in public and private enterprises, large and small organizations with a variety of business models that make the design, implementation and operation of integrated knowledge systems very difficult. In recent days, there has been a sweeping advancement in the information technology area, leading to the development of sophisticated frameworks and architectures. These platforms need to be used for the development of integrated knowledge management systems which provides a common platform for sharing knowledge across the enterprise, thereby reducing the operational inefficiencies and delivering cost savings. This paper discusses the knowledge framework and architecture that can be used for the system development and its application to real life need of nuclear industry. A case study of deactivation and decommissioning (D and D) is discussed with the Knowledge Management Information Tool platform and framework. D and D work is a high priority activity across the Department of Energy (DOE) complex. Subject matter specialists (SMS) associated with DOE sites, the Energy Facility Contractors Group (EFCOG) and the D and D community have gained extensive knowledge and experience over the years in the cleanup of the legacy waste from the Manhattan Project. To prevent the D and D knowledge and expertise from being lost over time from the evolving and aging workforce, DOE and the Applied Research Center (ARC) at Florida International University (FIU) proposed to capture and maintain this valuable information in a universally available and easily usable system. (authors)

  17. Knowledge Based Enterprise Engineering (KBEE): a modeling framework for enterprise knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Knowledge Based Enterprise Engineering (KBEE): a modeling framework for enterprise knowledge modeling, Knowledge modeling, Enterprise Engineering, Knowledge Engineering. 1 Introduction Knowledge in externalization and integration of knowledge and also for the engineering context, we will propose in this paper

  18. Knowledge Discovery, Knowledge Management and Enterprise-Wide Information Technology Tools Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patton, Robert M [ORNL; Symons, Christopher T [ORNL; Gorman, Bryan L [ORNL; Treadwell, Jim N [ORNL

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A final report on an ORNL task to establish a knowledge discovery and management tool to retrieve and recommend information from existing S&T documents for the Office of Naval Research Global.

  19. Knowledge discovery using data mined from Nuclear Magnetic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narasayya, Vivek

    Knowledge discovery using data mined from Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectral images William J cyberinfrastructure · Method ­ Solid State ab initio calculations ­ Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) ­ Support Vector refined (and/or relaxed) structure, perform Self-Consistent Field calculation for electronic structure

  20. A Knowledge Management Framework to Morph Clinical Cases with Clinical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abidi, Syed Sibte Raza

    A Knowledge Management Framework to Morph Clinical Cases with Clinical Practice Guidelines Fehmida-base and maps it to corresponding explicit knowledge stored in clinical practice guidelines. The novelty of our--i.e. clinical practice guidelines--and experiential knowledge--i.e. past clinical cases. Here we present

  1. Systems and methods for knowledge discovery in spatial data

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Obradovic, Zoran; Fiez, Timothy E.; Vucetic, Slobodan; Lazarevic, Aleksandar; Pokrajac, Dragoljub; Hoskinson, Reed L.

    2005-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Systems and methods are provided for knowledge discovery in spatial data as well as to systems and methods for optimizing recipes used in spatial environments such as may be found in precision agriculture. A spatial data analysis and modeling module is provided which allows users to interactively and flexibly analyze and mine spatial data. The spatial data analysis and modeling module applies spatial data mining algorithms through a number of steps. The data loading and generation module obtains or generates spatial data and allows for basic partitioning. The inspection module provides basic statistical analysis. The preprocessing module smoothes and cleans the data and allows for basic manipulation of the data. The partitioning module provides for more advanced data partitioning. The prediction module applies regression and classification algorithms on the spatial data. The integration module enhances prediction methods by combining and integrating models. The recommendation module provides the user with site-specific recommendations as to how to optimize a recipe for a spatial environment such as a fertilizer recipe for an agricultural field.

  2. Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (KDDM) survey report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phillips, Laurence R.; Jordan, Danyelle N.; Bauer, Travis L.; Elmore, Mark T. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN); Treadwell, Jim N. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN); Homan, Rossitza A.; Chapman, Leon Darrel; Spires, Shannon V.

    2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The large number of government and industry activities supporting the Unit of Action (UA), with attendant documents, reports and briefings, can overwhelm decision-makers with an overabundance of information that hampers the ability to make quick decisions often resulting in a form of gridlock. In particular, the large and rapidly increasing amounts of data and data formats stored on UA Advanced Collaborative Environment (ACE) servers has led to the realization that it has become impractical and even impossible to perform manual analysis leading to timely decisions. UA Program Management (PM UA) has recognized the need to implement a Decision Support System (DSS) on UA ACE. The objective of this document is to research the commercial Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (KDDM) market and publish the results in a survey. Furthermore, a ranking mechanism based on UA ACE-specific criteria has been developed and applied to a representative set of commercially available KDDM solutions. In addition, an overview of four R&D areas identified as critical to the implementation of DSS on ACE is provided. Finally, a comprehensive database containing detailed information on surveyed KDDM tools has been developed and is available upon customer request.

  3. A Semiautomated Framework for Integrating Expert Knowledge into Disease Marker Identification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Jing; Webb-Robertson, Bobbie-Jo M.; Matzke, Melissa M.; Varnum, Susan M.; Brown, Joseph N.; Riensche, Roderick M.; Adkins, Joshua N.; Jacobs, Jon M.; Hoidal, John R.; Scholand, Mary Beth; Pounds, Joel G.; Blackburn, Michael R.; Rodland, Karin D.; McDermott, Jason E.

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Background. The availability of large complex data sets generated by high throughput technologies has enabled the recent proliferation of disease biomarker studies. However, a recurring problem in deriving biological information from large data sets is how to best incorporate expert knowledge into the biomarker selection process. Objective. To develop a generalizable framework that can incorporate expert knowledge into data-driven processes in a semiautomated way while providing a metric for optimization in a biomarker selection scheme. Methods. The framework was implemented as a pipeline consisting of five components for the identification of signatures from integrated clustering (ISIC). Expert knowledge was integrated into the biomarker identification process using the combination of two distinct approaches; a distance-based clustering approach and an expert knowledge-driven functional selection. Results. The utility of the developed framework ISIC was demonstrated on proteomics data from a study of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Biomarker candidates were identified in a mouse model using ISIC and validated in a study of a human cohort. Conclusions. Expert knowledge can be introduced into a biomarker discovery process in different ways to enhance the robustness of selected marker candidates. Developing strategies for extracting orthogonal and robust features from large data sets increases the chances of success in biomarker identification.

  4. The Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework (KDF) | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssuesEnergy Solar Decathlon2001 Power PlantAPRIL 1,TheThe Bioenergy

  5. The Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework (KDF) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMayDepartmentTest for Pumping System EfficiencyRole(EAP)Energy TheTheThe

  6. Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework Recognized at National Conference |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. Department ofJune 2,The Big Green Bus rolled intoShannonThis documentDepartment

  7. Creating a Discovery Platform for Confined-Space Chemistry and Materials: Metal-Organic Frameworks.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allendorf, Mark D.; Greathouse, Jeffery A. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Simmons, Blake

    2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Metal organic frameworks (MOF) are a recently discovered class of nanoporous, defect-free crystalline materials that enable rational design and exploration of porous materials at the molecular level. MOFs have tunable monolithic pore sizes and cavity environments due to their crystalline nature, yielding properties exceeding those of most other porous materials. These include: the lowest known density (91% free space); highest surface area; tunable photoluminescence; selective molecular adsorption; and methane sorption rivaling gas cylinders. These properties are achieved by coupling inorganic metal complexes such as ZnO4 with tunable organic ligands that serve as struts, allowing facile manipulation of pore size and surface area through reactant selection. MOFs thus provide a discovery platform for generating both new understanding of chemistry in confined spaces and novel sensors and devices based on their unique properties. At the outset of this project in FY06, virtually nothing was known about how to couple MOFs to substrates and the science of MOF properties and how to tune them was in its infancy. An integrated approach was needed to establish the required knowledge base for nanoscale design and develop methodologies integrate MOFs with other materials. This report summarizes the key accomplishments of this project, which include creation of a new class of radiation detection materials based on MOFs, luminescent MOFs for chemical detection, use of MOFs as templates to create nanoparticles of hydrogen storage materials, MOF coatings for stress-based chemical detection using microcantilevers, and %22flexible%22 force fields that account for structural changes in MOFs that occur upon molecular adsorption/desorption. Eight journal articles, twenty presentations at scientific conferences, and two patent applications resulted from the work. The project created a basis for continuing development of MOFs for many Sandia applications and succeeded in securing %242.75 M in funding from outside agencies to continue the research. 3

  8. Geographic Privacy-aware Knowledge Discovery Fosca Giannotti2, Mirco Nanni2, Dino Pedreschi1, and Chiara Renso2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malerba, Donato

    , based on new privacy- preserving methods for extracting knowledge from large amounts of raw data ref in the advocated form of geographic knowledge a key driver, such as in transport, environment and risk management and sys- tems for knowledge discovery and delivery, based on new automated privacy-preserving methods

  9. Metal Organic Framework Research: High Throughput Discovery of Robust Metal Organic Framework for CO2 Capture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    IMPACCT Project: LBNL is developing a method for identifying the best metal organic frameworks for use in capturing CO2 from the flue gas of coal-fired power plants. Metal organic frameworks are porous, crystalline compounds that, based on their chemical structure, vary considerably in terms of their capacity to grab hold of passing CO2 molecules and their ability to withstand the harsh conditions found in the gas exhaust of coal-fired power plants. Owing primarily to their high tunability, metal organic frameworks can have an incredibly wide range of different chemical and physical properties, so identifying the best to use for CO2 capture and storage can be a difficult task. LBNL uses high-throughput instrumentation to analyze nearly 100 materials at a time, screening them for the characteristics that optimize their ability to selectively adsorb CO2 from coal exhaust. Their work will identify the most promising frameworks and accelerate their large-scale commercial development to benefit further research into reducing the cost of CO2 capture and storage.

  10. Advanced Engineering Informatics, 2004 (To appear) Deployment of an Ontological Framework of Functional Design Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mizoguchi, Riichiro

    design knowledge on production systems since May, 2001. An empirical evaluation by Sumitomo's engineers The importance of knowledge sharing among designers and engineers has been widely recognized in knowledgeAdvanced Engineering Informatics, 2004 (To appear) - 1 - Deployment of an Ontological Framework

  11. Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery 1, 2953 (1997) c 1997 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Manufactured in The Netherlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cafarella, Michael J.

    Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery 1, 29­53 (1997) c 1997 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Manufactured in The Netherlands. Data Cube: A Relational Aggregation Operator Generalizing Group-By, Cross-Tab, and Sub-Totals JIM of these operators. This paper defines that operator, called the data cube or simply cube. The cube operator

  12. J. Neville and D. Jensen (2002). Supporting relational knowledge discovery: Lessons in architecture and algorithm design. Papers of the ICML 2002 Workshop on Data Mining Lessons Learned.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neville, Jennifer

    and algorithm design. Papers of the ICML 2002 Workshop on Data Mining Lessons Learned. Supporting Relational of the lessons we have learned developing a relational knowledge discovery system. The relationships among dataJ. Neville and D. Jensen (2002). Supporting relational knowledge discovery: Lessons in architecture

  13. A Framework for Incorporating General Domain Knowledge into Latent Dirichlet Allocation using First-Order Logic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Xiaojin "Jerry"

    of Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) [Blei et al., 2003], a large number of latent-topic- model variants- rating external knowledge specific to the target domain, see e.g., [Wang et al., 2009; Gerrish and Blei research, too. 2 The Fold·all Framework We now briefly review the standard LDA model [Blei et al., 2003

  14. A Semantic Annotation Framework to Assist the Knowledge Interoperability along a Product Life Cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    in a product lifecycle management environment. Through the investigation of related works, the need and considered the Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) approach as one of essential solutions to createA Semantic Annotation Framework to Assist the Knowledge Interoperability along a Product Life Cycle

  15. CiteSpace II: Visualization and Knowledge Discovery in Bibliographic Databases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Chaomei

    , and extracting knowledge is analogous to the sorting, cleaning, and grading process involved in mining minerals were extracted from PubMed and Web of Science (WOS) and developed as testbeds for evaluation as the automated or convenient extraction of patterns representing knowledge explicitly stored in large databases

  16. Statistical modeling of medical indexing processes for biomedical knowledge information discovery from text

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tresp, Volker

    Munich, Germany bundschu@dbs.ifi.lmu.de Mathaeus Dejori Integrated Data Systems Dep. Siemens Corporate Research 755 College Road East Princeton, NJ 08540, USA mathaeus.dejori@siemens.com Shipeng Yu CAD & Knowledge Solutions Siemens Medical Solutions 51 Valley Stream Parkway Malvern, PA 19355, USA shipeng.yu@siemens

  17. Knowledge-based Scienti c Discovery in Geological Databases Cen Li and Gautam Biswas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    estimates of oil and gas reserves ?" In qualitative terms, good recoverable reserves have high hydrocarbon from oil elds in the Alaska Basin. Preliminary results demonstrate the e ectiveness of this method is be- coming crucial in oil exploration and production. It is common knowledge in the oil industry

  18. 1Osmar R. Zaane & Andrew Foss Taipei, May 6th 2002Pacific-Asia Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining Data Clustering Analysis, from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaiane, Osmar R.

    and Data Mining Data Clustering Analysis, from simple groupings to scalable clustering with constraints Dr & Andrew Foss Taipei, May 6th 2002Pacific-Asia Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining Objectives and Data Mining Data Clustering Outline · What is cluster analysis and what do we use it for? ­ Motivation

  19. Using domain-specific and generic knowledge to support discovery learning about geometrical optics in a computer-based simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . These studies aimed at clarifying some of the constraints of discovery learning in computer-based simulations to elicit scientific discovery learning behavior. The Optics simulation offers a versatile and dynamic discovery learning processes, all actions that students performed in the Optics simulation were registered

  20. 41. DISCOVERY, SEARCH, AND COMMUNICATION OF TEXTUAL KNOWLEDGE RESOURCES IN DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS a. Discovering and Utilizing Knowledge Sources for Metasearch Knowledge Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zamora, Antonio

    2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Advanced Natural Language Processing Tools for Web Information Retrieval, Content Analysis, and Synthesis. The goal of this SBIR was to implement and evaluate several advanced Natural Language Processing (NLP) tools and techniques to enhance the precision and relevance of search results by analyzing and augmenting search queries and by helping to organize the search output obtained from heterogeneous databases and web pages containing textual information of interest to DOE and the scientific-technical user communities in general. The SBIR investigated 1) the incorporation of spelling checkers in search applications, 2) identification of significant phrases and concepts using a combination of linguistic and statistical techniques, and 3) enhancement of the query interface and search retrieval results through the use of semantic resources, such as thesauri. A search program with a flexible query interface was developed to search reference databases with the objective of enhancing search results from web queries or queries of specialized search systems such as DOE's Information Bridge. The DOE ETDE/INIS Joint Thesaurus was processed to create a searchable database. Term frequencies and term co-occurrences were used to enhance the web information retrieval by providing algorithmically-derived objective criteria to organize relevant documents into clusters containing significant terms. A thesaurus provides an authoritative overview and classification of a field of knowledge. By organizing the results of a search using the thesaurus terminology, the output is more meaningful than when the results are just organized based on the terms that co-occur in the retrieved documents, some of which may not be significant. An attempt was made to take advantage of the hierarchy provided by broader and narrower terms, as well as other field-specific information in the thesauri. The search program uses linguistic morphological routines to find relevant entries regardless of whether terms are stored in singular or plural form. Implementation of additional inflectional morphology processes for verbs can enhance retrieval further, but this has to be balanced by the possibility of broadening the results too much. In addition to the DOE energy thesaurus, other sources of specialized organized knowledge such as the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH), the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS), and Wikipedia were investigated. The supporting role of the NLP thesaurus search program was enhanced by incorporating spelling aid and a part-of-speech tagger to cope with misspellings in the queries and to determine the grammatical roles of the query words and identify nouns for special processing. To improve precision, multiple modes of searching were implemented including Boolean operators, and field-specific searches. Programs to convert a thesaurus or reference file into searchable support files can be deployed easily, and the resulting files are immediately searchable to produce relevance-ranked results with builtin spelling aid, morphological processing, and advanced search logic. Demonstration systems were built for several databases, including the DOE energy thesaurus.

  1. Precautionary Governance and the Limits of Scientific Knowledge: A Democratic Framework for Regulating Nanotechnology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perez, Oren

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the scientific study of nanotechnology should also include aStakeholder Forum and Nanotechnology Engagement Group, whichFramework for Regulating Nanotechnology Oren Perez * I.

  2. Supercomputing | Knowledge Discovery | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Visual Analytics Risk Analysis Materials Mathematics National Security Systems Modeling Engineering Analysis Behavioral Sciences Geographic Information Science and Technology...

  3. Supercomputing | Knowledge Discovery | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructure of All-Polymer.Supercomputing on a BudgetPrimary Systems

  4. drug discovery drug discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    drug discovery at Purdue #12;drug discovery 2 #12;drug discovery 3 Introduction The drug discovery and innovative drug candidates to treat chronic and acute illnesses. Our researchers also continue to be invested in various approaches to drug discovery, which include understanding of drug targets for future drug

  5. The practice of design is at the central core of engineering. While the basic sciences are concerned with the discovery of new knowledge, engineering is concerned with the application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chini, Gregory P.

    are concerned with the discovery of new knowledge, engineering is concerned with the application of existing a synthesis of creativity, basic scientific knowledge, engineering analysis and project management skillsDesign The practice of design is at the central core of engineering. While the basic sciences

  6. A Framework for Incorporating General Domain Knowledge into Latent Dirichlet Allocation using First-Order Logic

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andrzejewski, D; Zhu, X; Craven, M; Recht, B

    2011-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Topic models have been used successfully for a variety of problems, often in the form of application-specific extensions of the basic Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) model. Because deriving these new models in order to encode domain knowledge can be difficult and time-consuming, we propose the Fold-all model, which allows the user to specify general domain knowledge in First-Order Logic (FOL). However, combining topic modeling with FOL can result in inference problems beyond the capabilities of existing techniques. We have therefore developed a scalable inference technique using stochastic gradient descent which may also be useful to the Markov Logic Network (MLN) research community. Experiments demonstrate the expressive power of Fold-all, as well as the scalability of our proposed inference method.

  7. A. Kusiak, Data Mining and Decision Making, in B.V. Dasarathy (Ed.), Proceedings of the SPIE Conference on Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Theory, Tools, and Technology IV, Vol. 4730, SPIE, Orlando, FL, April 2002, pp. 155-165.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kusiak, Andrew

    A. Kusiak, Data Mining and Decision Making, in B.V. Dasarathy (Ed.), Proceedings of the SPIE Conference on Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Theory, Tools, and Technology IV, Vol. 4730, SPIE, Orlando, FL, April 2002, pp. 155-165. Data Mining and Decision Making Andrew Kusiak Department of Mechanical

  8. A KNOWLEDGE DISCOVERY STRATEGY FOR RELATING SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURES TO FREQUENCIES OF TROPICAL STORMS AND GENERATING PREDICTIONS OF HURRICANES UNDER 21ST-CENTURY GLOBAL WARMING SCENARIOS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Race, Caitlin [University of Minnesota; Steinbach, Michael [University of Minnesota; Ganguly, Auroop R [ORNL; Semazzi, Fred [North Carolina State University; Kumar, Vipin [University of Minnesota

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The connections among greenhouse-gas emissions scenarios, global warming, and frequencies of hurricanes or tropical cyclones are among the least understood in climate science but among the most fiercely debated in the context of adaptation decisions or mitigation policies. Here we show that a knowledge discovery strategy, which leverages observations and climate model simulations, offers the promise of developing credible projections of tropical cyclones based on sea surface temperatures (SST) in a warming environment. While this study motivates the development of new methodologies in statistics and data mining, the ability to solve challenging climate science problems with innovative combinations of traditional and state-of-the-art methods is demonstrated. Here we develop new insights, albeit in a proof-of-concept sense, on the relationship between sea surface temperatures and hurricane frequencies, and generate the most likely projections with uncertainty bounds for storm counts in the 21st-century warming environment based in turn on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report on Emissions Scenarios. Our preliminary insights point to the benefits that can be achieved for climate science and impacts analysis, as well as adaptation and mitigation policies, by a solution strategy that remains tailored to the climate domain and complements physics-based climate model simulations with a combination of existing and new computational and data science approaches.

  9. Knowledge Discovery Overview Brian Worley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiaorui "Ray"

    networks Modeling & Simulation · Discrete-event · Agent-based · Emergence · Real-time · Large, sensor, and cybersecurity data Do not be another data archival provider ­ ORNL can provide services

  10. Discovery from Contributed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Winston H.

    Knowledge Discovery from Community- Contributed Multimedia Tao Mei Microsoft Research Asia Winston drastically increased the volume of community-contributed multimedia. For example, there are reportedly more. Such a vast amount of photos, videos, and music shared via websites is bound to exert a profound social impact

  11. Method and system for knowledge discovery using non-linear statistical analysis and a 1st and 2nd tier computer program

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hively, Lee M. (Philadelphia, TN)

    2011-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention relates to a method and apparatus for simultaneously processing different sources of test data into informational data and then processing different categories of informational data into knowledge-based data. The knowledge-based data can then be communicated between nodes in a system of multiple computers according to rules for a type of complex, hierarchical computer system modeled on a human brain.

  12. Applications of motif discovery in biological data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Styczynski, Mark Philip-Walter

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sequential motif discovery, the ability to identify conserved patterns in ordered datasets without a priori knowledge of exactly what those patterns will be, is a frequently encountered and difficult problem in computational ...

  13. Discovery Channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lovley, Derek

    and sonar to spot passing ships and submarines. And, for people living in poor, remote communitiesDiscovery Channel :: Bacteria Power: Future Energy? Page 1 September 10, 2003 EDT Bacteria Power: Energy Of The Future? AFP R. ferriducens: "Bacterial Battery" Sept. 9, 2003 -- U

  14. Knowledge Discovery in Spatial Databases Martin Ester

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ester, Martin

    and their interactions with each other. Most companies, governmental agencies and scientific organizations use DBMS with ex­ isting DBMS. Thus, the second goal is to propose methods of efficiently supporting spatial data mining algorithms by a DBMS. Our approach centers around a new set of database primitives for mining

  15. Knowledge Discovery from Massive Healthcare Claims Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chandola, Varun [ORNL] [ORNL; Sukumar, Sreenivas R [ORNL] [ORNL; Schryver, Jack C [ORNL] [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The role of big data in addressing the needs of the present healthcare system in US and rest of the world has been echoed by government, private, and academic sectors. There has been a growing emphasis to explore the promise of big data analytics in tapping the potential of the massive healthcare data emanating from private and government health insurance providers. While the domain implications of such collaboration are well known, this type of data has been explored to a limited extent in the data mining community. The objective of this paper is two fold: first, we introduce the emerging domain of big"healthcare claims data to the KDD community, and second, we describe the success and challenges that we encountered in analyzing this data using state of art analytics for massive data. Specically, we translate the problem of analyzing healthcare data into some of the most well-known analysis problems in the data mining community, social network analysis, text mining, and temporal analysis and higher order feature construction, and describe how advances within each of these areas can be leveraged to understand the domain of healthcare. Each case study illustrates a unique intersection of data mining and healthcare with a common objective of improving the cost-care ratio by mining for opportunities to improve healthcare operations and reducing hat seems to fall under fraud, waste,and abuse.

  16. Machine learning approaches to biochemical knowledge discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hofle, Michael David

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    over my entire career in graduate school. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS First and foremost, I would like to thank Dr. Ioerger for giving me the opportunity to be an active researcher in the computer science department, and for teaching me valuable research..., Buben, Cramer, Crazy-Ray, Dominic Tortorice, Jerry, Laurie, Mike-D, Niel, Robo, Wolfman and of course Vanessa. There are far too many others to name. vn TABLE OF CONTENTS ABSTRACT Page . nl DEDICATION . . ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. TABLE OF CONTENTS...

  17. Comprehensible Knowledge Discovery: Gaining Insight from Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pazzani, Michael J.

    to France, unless France ceased nuclear testing in the South Pacific. France paid a higher price to buy price to buy grain from Argentina and did not withdraw from Afghanistan. There are a variety of lessons in the Northern Hemisphere that has a strong economic health and exports weapons, then the sanction will fail

  18. TEMPORAL PATTERN DISCOVERY FOR ANOMALY DETECTION IN A SMART HOME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Diane J.

    TEMPORAL PATTERN DISCOVERY FOR ANOMALY DETECTION IN A SMART HOME Vikramaditya Jakkula , Diane J, cook}@eecs.wsu.edu Keywords: Knowledge discovery, smart homes, anomaly detection, temporal relations and relations on smart home datasets [10]. This paper describes a method of discovering temporal relations

  19. SEME FRAMEWORK

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    003284MLTPL00 Sequentially Executed Model Evaluation Framework  https://software.sandia.gov/svn/teva/canary 

  20. Class Discovery in Galaxy Classification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Bazell; David J. Miller

    2004-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, automated, supervised classification techniques have been fruitfully applied to labeling and organizing large astronomical databases. These methods require off-line classifier training, based on labeled examples from each of the (known) object classes. In practice, only a small batch of labeled examples, hand-labeled by a human expert, may be available for training. Moreover, there may be no labeled examples for some classes present in the data, i.e. the database may contain several unknown classes. Unknown classes may be present due to 1) uncertainty in or lack of knowledge of the measurement process, 2) an inability to adequately ``survey'' a massive database to assess its content (classes), and/or 3) an incomplete scientific hypothesis. In recent work, new class discovery in mixed labeled/unlabeled data was formally posed, with a proposed solution based on mixture models. In this work we investigate this approach, propose a competing technique suitable for class discovery in neural networks, and evaluate both methods for classification and class discovery on several astronomical data sets. Our results demonstrate up to a 57% reduction in classification error compared to a standard neural network classifier that uses only labeled data.

  1. Representing Instructional Material for Scenario-Based Guided-Discovery Courseware

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greitzer, Frank L.; Merrill, M. DAVID.; Rice, Douglas M.; Curtis, Darren S.

    2004-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The focus of this paper is to discuss paradigms for learning that are based on sound principles of human learning and cognition, and to discuss technical challenges that must be overcome in achieving this research goal through instructional system design (ISD) approaches that are cost-effective as well as conformant with today's interactive multimedia instruction standards. Fundamental concepts are to: engage learners to solve real-world problems (progress from simple to complex); relate material to previous experience; demonstrate what is to be learned using interactive, problem-centered activities rather than passive exposure to material; require learners to use their new knowledge to solve problems that demonstrate their knowledge in a relevant applied setting; and guide the learner with feedback and coaching early, then gradually withdraw this support as learning progresses. Many of these principles have been put into practice by employing interactive learning objects as re-usable components of larger, more integrated exercises. A challenge is to make even more extensive use of interactive, scenario-based activities within a guided-discovery framework. Because the design and construction of interactive, scenario-based learning objects and more complex integrated exercises is labor-intensive, this paper explores the use of interactive learning objects and associated representation schema for instructional content to facilitate development of tools for creating scenario-based, guided-discovery courseware.

  2. Decades of Discovery

    DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

    2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For the past two-and-a-half decades, the Office of Science at the U.S. Department of Energy has been at the forefront of scientific discovery. Over 100 important discoveries supported by the Office of Science are represented in this document.

  3. The requirements discovery process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bahill, A.T. [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States). Systems and Industrial Engineering; Dean, F.F. [Sandia National Lab., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cost and schedule overruns are often caused by poor requirements that are produced by people who do not understand the requirement process. This paper provides a high-level overview of the requirements discovery process.

  4. Activity discovery from video employing soft computing relations Luis Patino, Francois Bremond and Monique Thonnat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    a methodological and systematic exploration of the database. Knowledge discovery systems (KDS) aim at helping, and particularly important for activity discovery from video. Soft computing methodologies are particularly adapted systems employ soft computing techniques to characterize video activity patterns [3], [4]; the use

  5. Data Mining and Knowledge Petra Kralj Novak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Novak, Petra Kralj

    1 Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery Petra Kralj Novak Petra.Kralj.Novak@ijs.si 2011/11/08 #12 in Weka ­ Discussion about seminars and exam ­ Hands on Weka 3 · 2011/12/20: Written exam, seminar. Divide the set S into subsets Si according to the values of A 8. Repeat steps 1-7 on each Si Test

  6. MCW Libraries Empowering MCW missions in the discovery of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , including Ovid Medline and PubMed LinkOut. Look for the green and white "Get it From MCW Libraries" buttonA Guide to MCW Libraries #12;Empowering MCW missions in the discovery of knowledge to improve College of Wisconsin (MCW) Libraries consist of the Todd Wehr Library and two branch libraries, Froedtert

  7. Smart drug discovery leveraging innovative technologies and predictive knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    the risk of failure. Owing to the integration of key in silico and experimental tools. A positive aspect of this paradigm shift includes faster,strategic decision making with respect to drug targets from the human genome pro- vides opportunities for detailed analysis of structure and function

  8. Knowledge discovery in corporate email : the compliance bot meets Enron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waterman, K. Krasnow

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I propose the creation of a real-time compliance "bot" - software to momentarily pause each employee's email at the moment of sending and to electronically assess whether that email is likely to create liability or ...

  9. Knowledge Discovery in a Direct Marketing Case using Least Squares

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of information requests and complaints, and merchandise returns provide additional predictive power to purchase study the problem of repeat-purchase modeling in a direct marketing setting using Belgian data. More for predicting purchase incidence. The analysis is based on a wrapped form of input selection using a sensitivity

  10. ITERATE: A Conceptual Clustering Knowledge Discovery in Databases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and Ecopetrol, Colombia. #12;target them for speci c promotions. General Motors uses classi cation methods collecting large amounts of geophysical and geo- logical data from exploration sites and production wells historical data for the purpose of nding analogs for current prospects. Statistical risk analysis techniques

  11. Exploration of Complex Objects structure for Knowledge Discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valtchev, Petko

    8 e­mail : valtchev@info.uqam.ca, missaoui.rokia@uqam.ca Abstract The evolution of database management systems (DBMS) leans towards an increasing structura­ tion of the data models used. Recent in object­ relational DBMS, we believe that there is an urgent need to investigate that topic. In this paper

  12. Competency Knowledge Sub Domain Principles of Scientific Discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leistikow, Bruce N.

    communication skills that should be mastered and applied to the fields of medicine and scientific inquiry to use the methodologies that particular disciplines apply for understanding and communicating results question (1,2) · Describes hypothesis testing (1) · Describes skills required for communication

  13. Raptor: An Enterprise Knowledge Discovery Engine - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection Radiation ProtectionRaising funds for a cureEnergyEnergy Analysis

  14. A Scalable Framework for Cyber Attack Discovery and Situational

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less isNFebruaryOctober 2, AlgeriaQ1A Month toAAA Review

  15. Better Knowledge Management Through Knowledge Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Preece, Alun

    Better Knowledge Management Through Knowledge Engineering: A Case Study in Drilling Optimisation. The paper presents a case study in which knowledge engineering practices are being used to support knowledge the term knowledge management has been used to describe the efforts of organisations to capture, store

  16. Rfuzzy framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ceruelo, Victor Pablos; Strass, Hannes

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fuzzy reasoning is a very productive research field that during the last years has provided a number of theoretical approaches and practical implementation prototypes. Nevertheless, the classical implementations, like Fril, are not adapted to the latest formal approaches, like multi-adjoint logic semantics. Some promising implementations, like Fuzzy Prolog, are so general that the regular user/programmer does not feel comfortable because either representation of fuzzy concepts is complex or the results difficult to interpret. In this paper we present a modern framework, Rfuzzy, that is modelling multi-adjoint logic. It provides some extensions as default values (to represent missing information, even partial default values) and typed variables. Rfuzzy represents the truth value of predicates through facts, rules and functions. Rfuzzy answers queries with direct results (instead of constraints) and it is easy to use for any person that wants to represent a problem using fuzzy reasoning in a simple way (by usin...

  17. Supporting Yale's Engine of Discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Supporting Yale's Engine of Discovery #12;#12;"During my years at Yale, I have had over thirty partners in this research. Thomas A. Steitz Sterling Professor of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry students are central to Yale's engine of discovery, because they have fresh ideas and are willing to take

  18. Knowledge Market: Agent-mediated Knowledge Sharing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dignum, Frank

    , preservation and distribution of knowledge assets but mainly the management and nurturing of collaboration developments show a shift in the focus of Knowledge Management (KM) from knowledge organization of relevant knowledge in a dynamic, collaborative environment. - Preserve individual autonomy and contribute

  19. Motif discovery in sequential data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jensen, Kyle L. (Kyle Lawrence)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, I discuss the application and development of methods for the automated discovery of motifs in sequential data. These data include DNA sequences, protein sequences, and real-valued sequential data such as ...

  20. Discovery of the Tungsten Isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Fritsch; J. Q. Ginepro; M. Heim; A. Schuh; A. Shore; M. Thoennessen

    2009-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Thirty-five tungsten isotopes have so far been observed; the discovery of these isotopes is discussed. For each isotope a brief summary of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  1. Discovery of the Titanium Isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Meierfrankenfeld; M. Thoennessen

    2010-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Twentyfive titanium isotopes have so far been observed; the discovery of these isotopes is discussed. For each isotope a brief summary of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  2. Metagenomic biomarker discovery and explanation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Segata, Nicola

    This study describes and validates a new method for metagenomic biomarker discovery by way of class comparison, tests of biological consistency and effect size estimation. This addresses the challenge of finding organisms, ...

  3. Discovery of the Tin Isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Amos; M. Thoennessen

    2010-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Thirty-eight tin isotopes have so far been observed; the discovery of these isotopes is discussed. For each isotope a brief summary of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  4. Discovery of the tungsten isotopes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fritsch, A.; Ginepro, J.Q.; Heim, M.; Schuh, A.; Shore, A. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Thoennessen, M. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States)], E-mail: thoennessen@nscl.msu.edu

    2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Thirty-five tungsten isotopes have been observed so far and the discovery of these isotopes is discussed here. For each isotope a brief summary of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  5. Discovery of the Tungsten Isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fritsch, A; Heim, M; Schuh, A; Shore, A; Thoennessen, M

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thirty-five tungsten isotopes have so far been observed; the discovery of these isotopes is discussed. For each isotope a brief summary of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  6. DIMENSIONS of DISCOVERY Sponsored Program Awards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    ): the Solar Economy IGERT (SEIGERT); Amendment 3 for Grant 103965." (a Discovery Park award -- Energy Center

  7. Enterprise Risk Management Framework

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Framework The Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) framework includes four steps: identify the risks, determine the probability and impact of each one, identify controls that are...

  8. Sustainability Framework 1 Queen's University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abolmaesumi, Purang

    Sustainability Framework 1 Queen's University Sustainability Strategic Framework #12;Sustainability Framework 2 Contents Introduction .................................................................................................................................................. 2 Queen's Sustainability Mission

  9. Rensselaer educates the leaders of tomorrow for technologically based careers. We celebrate discovery and the responsible application of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linhardt, Robert J.

    discovery and the responsible application of technology to create knowledge and global prosperity knowledge and global prosperity. Rensselaer Facts and Information Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute complies/CHIEF CREATIVE OFFICER OF VICARIOUS VISIONS--PRODUCER OF VIDEO GAME HITS SUCH AS GUITAR HERO Karthik Bala, Class

  10. Web Mining: Pattern Discovery from World Wide Web Transactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Vipin

    ­based organizations often generate and collect large volumes of data in their daily operations. Analyzing such data access logs. We propose a framework for Web mining, the applications of data mining and knowledge from the Web data. We also present a Web mining system, WEBMINER, which has been implemented based upon

  11. Framework for Measuring Sustainable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinson, David M.

    Knight Foundation will use this sustainability framework for internal organizational purposes with the possibility

  12. The LEAD Roadmap: an Integrative Framework for Utilizing and Sharing Community Resources to Enhance Understanding and Impact of Weather1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plale, Beth

    1 The LEAD Roadmap: an Integrative Framework for Utilizing and Sharing Community Resources ................................................................................................ 10 Introduction Linked Environments for Atmospheric Discovery (LEAD; Plale et al. 2004, 2006, assimilation, modeling, mining, and cyberinfrastructure systems. LEAD empowers researchers and students

  13. A CULTURAL RESOURCES MONITORING AND DISCOVERY PLAN FOR MAINTENANCE...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to potential discovery situations and to evaluate the discoveries eligibility for NRHP listing. FINAL Monitoring and Discovery Plan 12 EPG Western Area Power Administration...

  14. A framework for knowledge-based team training

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Michael Scott

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Teamwork is crucial to many disciplines, from activities such as organized sports to economic and military organizations. Team training is difficult and as yet there are few automated tools to assist in the training task. As with the training...

  15. Ontology Design and Development Framework Part I: Enhancing Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demurjian, Steven A.

    terminologies representing a semantic agreement between humans and knowledge systems. Numerous knowledge representational frameworks (e.g. KIF, DAML+OIL, OWL etc.), have been proposed in the research community, with limited adoption in the industry. One possible reason is a lack of a formal and rigorous model

  16. Where Discoveries Begin the secrets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in which we live, led to life-saving medical advances, enhanced our national security, improved our reality systems provide keys to medical discoveries and diagnoses. Our Broad-Based Mission As the nation and engineers. Each year, NSF awards thousands of grants that collectively advance America's scientific

  17. The Future of Information Discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shneiderman, Ben

    fact finding (known-item search) On what day was Barack Obama born? #12;Discovery Process: Task Analysis Specific fact finding (known-item search) On what day was Barack Obama born a Senator? Exploration of availability (vague result request) What genealogical information on Barack Obama

  18. Geospatial knowledge for territorial intelligence Pr. Robert Laurini Geospatial Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurini, Robert

    Geospatial knowledge for territorial intelligence Pr. Robert Laurini Geospatial Knowledge ­ Management · Objective: Sustainable development #12;Geospatial knowledge for territorial intelligence Pr;Geospatial knowledge for territorial intelligence Pr. Robert Laurini Generic and specific knowledge

  19. A method for dense packing discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoav Kallus; Veit Elser; Simon Gravel

    2010-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The problem of packing a system of particles as densely as possible is foundational in the field of discrete geometry and is a powerful model in the material and biological sciences. As packing problems retreat from the reach of solution by analytic constructions, the importance of an efficient numerical method for conducting \\textit{de novo} (from-scratch) searches for dense packings becomes crucial. In this paper, we use the \\textit{divide and concur} framework to develop a general search method for the solution of periodic constraint problems, and we apply it to the discovery of dense periodic packings. An important feature of the method is the integration of the unit cell parameters with the other packing variables in the definition of the configuration space. The method we present led to improvements in the densest-known tetrahedron packing which are reported in [arXiv:0910.5226]. Here, we use the method to reproduce the densest known lattice sphere packings and the best known lattice kissing arrangements in up to 14 and 11 dimensions respectively (the first such numerical evidence for their optimality in some of these dimensions). For non-spherical particles, we report a new dense packing of regular four-dimensional simplices with density $\\phi=128/219\\approx0.5845$ and with a similar structure to the densest known tetrahedron packing.

  20. A method for dense packing discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kallus, Yoav; Gravel, Simon

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The problem of packing a system of particles as densely as possible is foundational in the field of discrete geometry and is a powerful model in the material and biological sciences. As packing problems retreat from the reach of solution by analytic constructions, the importance of an efficient numerical method for conducting de novo (from-scratch) searches for dense packings becomes crucial. In this paper, we use the divide and concur framework to develop a general search method for the solution of periodic constraint problems, and we apply it to the discovery of dense periodic packings. An important feature of the method is the integration of the unit cell parameters with the other packing variables in the definition of the configuration space. The method we present led to improvements in the densest-known tetrahedron packing which are reported in [arXiv:0910.5226]. Here, we use the method to reproduce the densest known lattice sphere packings and the best known lattice kissing arrangements in up to 14 and ...

  1. Reasoning About Knowledge Reasoning About Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vardi, Moshe Y.

    Introduction and Overview 1 1.1 The Muddy Children Puzzle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1 Knowledge . . . . . . . . . . 23 2.3 The Muddy Children Revisited . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127 4.4.4 Perfect Recall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 4.4.5 Message-Passing

  2. A multivalued knowledge-base model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Achs, Agnes

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The basic aim of our study is to give a possible model for handling uncertain information. This model is worked out in the framework of DATALOG. At first the concept of fuzzy Datalog will be summarized, then its extensions for intuitionistic- and interval-valued fuzzy logic is given and the concept of bipolar fuzzy Datalog is introduced. Based on these ideas the concept of multivalued knowledge-base will be defined as a quadruple of any background knowledge; a deduction mechanism; a connecting algorithm, and a function set of the program, which help us to determine the uncertainty levels of the results. At last a possible evaluation strategy is given.

  3. Knowledge assistant for robotic environmental characterization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feddema, J.; Rivera, J.; Tucker, S.; Matek, J.

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A prototype sensor fusion framework called the {open_quotes}Knowledge Assistant{close_quotes} has been developed and tested on a gantry robot at Sandia National Laboratories. This Knowledge Assistant guides the robot operator during the planning, execution, and post analysis stages of the characterization process. During the planning stage, the Knowledge Assistant suggests robot paths and speeds based on knowledge of sensors available and their physical characteristics. During execution, the Knowledge Assistant coordinates the collection of data through a data acquisition {open_quotes}specialist.{close_quotes} During execution and postanalysis, the Knowledge Assistant sends raw data to other {open_quotes}specialists,{close_quotes} which include statistical pattern recognition software, a neural network, and model-based search software. After the specialists return their results, the Knowledge Assistant consolidates the information and returns a report to the robot control system where the sensed objects and their attributes (e.g., estimated dimensions, weight, material composition, etc.) are displayed in the world model. This report highlights the major components of this system.

  4. ISI Web of Knowledge111 -ISI Web of Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Or, Michael

    ­ ISI Web of Knowledge111 © , . , , , . . , . , . . -ISI Web of Knowledge )http:// webofknowledge.com( , , , . . -ISI Web of Knowledge: Web of Science(-1691) , . Biosis Previews(-1661 ) - , , , . MEDLINE(-1611

  5. IBRD Operational Decision Framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenwalt, R; Hibbard, W; Raber, E; Carlsen, T; Folks, K; MacQueen, D; Mancieri, S; Bunt, T; Richards, J; Hirabayashi-Dethier, J

    2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The IBRD Operational Decision Framework in this document is an expansion of an emerging general risk management framework under development by an interagency working group. It provides the level of detail necessary to develop a general Consequence Management Guidance Document for biological contamination remediation and restoration. It is the intent of this document to support both wide area and individual site remediation and restoration activities. This product was initiated as a portion of the IBRD Task 1 Systems Analysis to aid in identification of wide area remediation and restoration shortcomings and gaps. The draft interagency general risk management framework was used as the basis for the analysis. The initial Task 1 analysis document expanded the draft interagency framework to a higher level of resolution, building on both the logic structure and the accompanying text explanations. It was then employed in a qualitative manner to identify responsible agencies, data requirements, tool requirements, and current capabilities for each decision and task. This resulted in identifying shortcomings and gaps needing resolution. Several meetings of a joint LLNL/SNL working group reviewed and approved the initial content of this analysis. At the conclusion of Task 1, work continued on the expanded framework to generate this Operational Decision Framework which is consistent with the existing interagency general risk management framework. A large LLNL task group met repeatedly over a three-month period to develop the expanded framework, coordinate the framework with the biological remediation checklist, and synchronize the logic with the Consequence Management Plan table of contents. The expanded framework was briefed at a large table top exercise reviewing the interagency risk management framework. This exercise had representation from major US metropolitan areas as well as national agencies. This product received positive comments from the participants. Upon completion of the Operational Decision Framework, another joint LLNL/SNL working group conducted a day-long review. Identified modifications were made to the document, resulting in the included product.

  6. A New Model for the Organizational Knowledge Life Cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luigi Lella; Ignazio Licata

    2007-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Actual organizations, in particular the ones which operate in evolving and distributed environments, need advanced frameworks for the management of the knowledge life cycle. These systems have to be based on the social relations which constitute the pattern of collaboration ties of the organization. We demonstrate here, with the aid of a model taken from the theory of graphs, that it is possible to provide the conditions for an effective knowledge management. A right way could be to involve the actors with the highest betweeness centrality in the generation of discussion groups. This solution allows the externalization of tacit knowledge, the preservation of knowledge and the raise of innovation processes.

  7. A New Model for the Organizational Knowledge Life Cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lella, Luigi

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Actual organizations, in particular the ones which operate in evolving and distributed environments, need advanced frameworks for the management of the knowledge life cycle. These systems have to be based on the social relations which constitute the pattern of collaboration ties of the organization. We demonstrate here, with the aid of a model taken from the theory of graphs, that it is possible to provide the conditions for an effective knowledge management. A right way could be to involve the actors with the highest betweeness centrality in the generation of discussion groups. This solution allows the externalization of tacit knowledge, the preservation of knowledge and the raise of innovation processes.

  8. Review: Knowledge and Environmental Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, Peter C.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Review: Knowledge and Environmental Policy: Re-Imagining theRobert. Knowledge and Environmental Policy: Re-Imagining thepaperback. Knowledge and Environmental Policy continues the

  9. Graphene 'gateway' discovery opens possibilities for improved...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Dawn Levy Communications 865.576.6448 Graphene 'gateway' discovery opens possibilities for improved energy technologies Computer simulations show a single proton (pink) can cross...

  10. Astroparticle Physics: Puzzles and Discoveries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Berezinsky

    2008-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Puzzles often give birth to the great discoveries, the false discoveries sometimes stimulate the exiting ideas in theoretical physics. The historical examples of both are described in Introduction and in section ``Cosmological Puzzles''. From existing puzzles most attention is given to Ultra High Energy Cosmic Ray (UHECR) puzzle and to cosmological constant problem. The 40-years old UHECR problem consisted in absence of the sharp steepening in spectrum of extragalactic cosmic rays caused by interaction with CMB radiation. This steepening is known as Greisen-Zatsepin-Kuzmin (GZK) cutoff. It is demonstrated here that the features of interaction of cosmic ray protons with CMB are seen now in the spectrum in the form of the dip and beginning of the GZK cutoff. The most serious cosmological problem is caused by large vacuum energy of the known elementary-particle fields which exceeds at least by 45 orders of magnitude the cosmological vacuum energy. The various ideas put forward to solve this problem during last 40 years, have weaknesses and cannot be accepted as the final solution of this puzzle. The anthropic approach is discussed.

  11. Recording Scientific Knowledge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bowker, Geof (Santa Clara University) [Santa Clara University

    2006-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The way we record knowledge, and the web of technical, formal, and social practices that surrounds it, inevitably affects the knowledge that we record. The ways we hold knowledge about the past - in handwritten manuscripts, in printed books, in file folders, in databases - shape the kind of stories we tell about that past. In this talk, I look at how over the past two hundred years, information technology has affected the nature and production of scientific knowledge. Further, I explore ways in which the emergent new cyberinfrastructure is changing our relationship to scientific practice.

  12. Scientific Discovery Learning with Computer Simulations Scientific Discovery Learning with Computer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Scientific Discovery Learning with Computer Simulations 1 Scientific Discovery Learning with Computer Simulations 2 Abstract Scientific discovery learning is a highly self-directed and constructivistic form of learning. A computer simulation is a type of computer-based environment that is very

  13. Concept of Operations for Collaboration and Discovery from Big Data Across Enterprise Data Warehouses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olama, Mohammed M [ORNL] [ORNL; Nutaro, James J [ORNL] [ORNL; Sukumar, Sreenivas R [ORNL] [ORNL; McNair, Wade [ORNL] [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The success of data-driven business in government, science, and private industry is driving the need for seamless integration of intra and inter-enterprise data sources to extract knowledge nuggets in the form of correlations, trends, patterns and behaviors previously not discovered due to physical and logical separation of datasets. Today, as volume, velocity, variety and complexity of enterprise data keeps increasing, the next generation analysts are facing several challenges in the knowledge extraction process. Towards addressing these challenges, data-driven organizations that rely on the success of their analysts have to make investment decisions for sustainable data/information systems and knowledge discovery. Options that organizations are considering are newer storage/analysis architectures, better analysis machines, redesigned analysis algorithms, collaborative knowledge management tools, and query builders amongst many others. In this paper, we present a concept of operations for enabling knowledge discovery that data-driven organizations can leverage towards making their investment decisions. We base our recommendations on the experience gained from integrating multi-agency enterprise data warehouses at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory to design the foundation of future knowledge nurturing data-system architectures.

  14. Bloomfield discovery: A case history

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hector, S. [Gary Drilling Co., Davis, CA (United States)

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    North Valley Oil and Gas Company drilled and completed the most exciting discovery on the West Coast in 1992. The {open_quotes}Bloomfield{close_quotes} No. 1 RD No. 1 well tapped some 180 feet of pay in the Fourth Massive Sand and flowed 15,600 Mcf/D through a 33/64` bean. The perforated interval was 7792`-7900`. The well was drilled in September 1992 and went on line in January 1993. This well was the discovery well for the Bixler Gas Field, which at present has two gas wells and has made almost 4 billion cubic feet of gas. The original prospect was designed to be a redrill of the 1985 dryhole drilled by Natural Gas Corp. The proposal was to drill 800 feet to the west and look for gas in the Blewett sand, which had a gas show in the original well. The Fourth Massive sand was considered to be a secondary objective. Isopach and isochron work from available seismic lines indicated a strong chance that some of the Fourth Massive Sand could be present beneath the shale-filled Meganos Gorge next to a large fault that formed the west boundary to the Prospect (one of the faults of the Midland Fault System). The original NGC well had no fourth Massive Sand present, but did log a good show in the Blewett Sand (300 units) and appeared to have thin gas pay on water. The resulting redrill had none of the main target, the Blewett Sand, which had shaled out between the Redrill No. 1 and the Original Hole. However, the redrill also found some 200 feet of the Fourth Massive Sand. This required a 30% angle to the Gorge Wall to preserve that much section in the 800 feet that separated the Redrill No. 1 from the Original Hole. It is very likely that other small but prolific traps exist beneath the Meganos Gorge. Structural and stratigraphic analysis of seismic data will be the keys to unlock future discoveries in this part of the Sacramento Basin.

  15. Security Services Discovery by ATM Endsystems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sholander, Peter; Tarman, Thomas

    1999-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This contribution proposes strawman techniques for Security Service Discovery by ATM endsystems in ATM networks. Candidate techniques include ILMI extensions, ANS extensions and new ATM anycast addresses. Another option is a new protocol based on an IETF service discovery protocol, such as Service Location Protocol (SLP). Finally, this contribution provides strawman requirements for Security-Based Routing in ATM networks.

  16. Discovery Park Impact Network for Photovoltaic Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holland, Jeffrey

    Discovery Park Impact Network for Photovoltaic Technology NEED Discovery Park provides for Photovoltaic Technology (NPT). The NPT is designed to be a unique venue for industry-directed, university aims to become an international center of gravity for photovoltaic research that connects islands

  17. Image, Shape & Multimedia Resource Discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rzepa, Henry S.

    · PhD in theory of neural networks · Imperial College London ­ PostDoc in data mining and text mining), Reader in Multimedia and Information Systems (20052006) · Professor of Knowledge Media, KMI, the Open classification (grass, water, sky, ...) + simple vocabulary · Infer complex concepts from simple models

  18. WISDOM: A Grid-Enabled Drug Discovery Initiative Against Malaria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    14 WISDOM: A Grid-Enabled Drug Discovery Initiative Against Malaria Vincent Breton, Doman Kim ................................................................................ 354 14.2 Grid-Enabled Drug Discovery .................................................. 354 14.2.1 In Silico Drug Discovery: Requirements and Grid Added Value

  19. International Experiences and Frameworks to Support Country-Driven Low-Emissions Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benioff, R.; Cochran, J.; Cox, S.

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Countries can use low-emission development strategies (LEDS) to advance sustainable development, promote private-sector growth, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This paper proposes a framework -- or support infrastructure -- to enable the efficient exchange of LEDS-related knowledge and technical assistance. Under the proposed framework, countries share LEDS-related resources via coordinating forums, 'knowledge platforms,' and networks of experts and investors. The virtual 'knowledge platforms' foster learning by allowing countries to communicate with each other and share technical reports, data, and analysis tools in support of LEDS development. Investing in all elements of the framework in an integrated fashion increases the efficacy of support for country-driven LEDS.

  20. The Partnership Evaluation Framework

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Department of Energy Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: The Partnership Evaluation Framework: How to evaluate a potential partner’s business model and identify areas for collaboration.

  1. Application of proteomics in the discovery of candidate protein...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    proteomics in the discovery of candidate protein biomarkers in a Diabetes Autoantibody Standardization Program Application of proteomics in the discovery of candidate protein...

  2. Knowledge-based control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, John H.

    1992-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Knowledge-based control is defined here as the management of dynamic systems whose states admit qualitative modeling. Contributions from several disparate disciplines, such as artificial intelligence, the decision sciences, and fuzzy control...

  3. KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT FOR INDUSTRIAL SAFETY, GENERIC RESOURCE PLATFORM COMBINED WITH AN ONTOLOGY BASED APPROACH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    the regulatory framework to the details of a machine or a process but also includes the general knowledge about conclusions concerning the petrochemical industry, Z. Nivolianitou considers that there is a lack of proper

  4. The Burden of Knowledge and the `Death of the Renaissance Man': Is Innovation Getting Harder?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    , which have been noted in other research, can also be ex- plained in this framework. The knowledge burden of Management and NBER. Contact: 2001 Sheridan Road, Room 628, Evanston, IL 60208. Email: bjones

  5. Durability of Materials in a Stress-Response Framework: Acrylic Materials for Photovoltaic Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rollins, Andrew M.

    Durability of Materials in a Stress-Response Framework: Acrylic Materials for Photovoltaic Systems materials for enhanced photovoltaic (PV) performance, it is critical to have quantitative knowledge developed for solar radiation durability studies of solar and environmentally exposed photovoltaic materials

  6. Discussion Draft, DOE Framework

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField Campaign:INEA : Papers Subfolders inDiscovery ofmultiple

  7. DIMENSIONS of DISCOVERY Sponsored Program Awards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    Low-CostTechnologyfortheNextGeneration of High Efficiency Solar Cells; Modification 3 for Grant 105663." (a Discovery Park award -- Energy Center engineering, electrical & computer engineering, from U.S. Department of Energy, $25,999, "Development of

  8. DIMENSIONS of DISCOVERY Sponsored Program Awards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    , and Repair of the CH-53K Composite Rotor Blades and Structures." (a Discovery Park award -- Institute)." Bickham, John W; forestry & natural resources, from North Slope Borough, $100,000, "The Bow- head Whale

  9. DIMENSIONS of DISCOVERY Sponsored Program Awards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    High Resolution Laser Velocimetry." (a Discovery Park award -- Institute for Defense Initiatives,000, "Testing Combustion Response of Secondary Fuel Injection to Acoustice Oscillations-Extension." Anderson and Support of Project Constellation ­ Modification M." Anderson, William E; aeronautical & as- tronautical

  10. Financing drug discovery for orphan diseases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fagnan, David Erik

    Recently proposed ‘megafund’ financing methods for funding translational medicine and drug development require billions of dollars in capital per megafund to de-risk the drug discovery process enough to issue long-term ...

  11. National Science Foundation Industry/University Cooperative Research Center for e-Design! SEEK: Semantic Extraction of Engineering Knowledge from a Functional Basis Perspective!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mountziaris, T. J.

    : Semantic Extraction of Engineering Knowledge from a Functional Basis Perspective! REU Student: Leo Xuzhang these documents for them to be useful.! Represent Engineering Knowledge in a Semantic Framework using Ontology engineering knowledge such as functional basis or materials used! v Extracted knowledge is added as semantic

  12. Framework for Physics Computation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwan, Karsten [Georgia Institute of Technology

    2012-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The Georgia Tech team has been working in collaboration with ORNL and Rutgers on improved I/O for petascale fusion codes, specifically, to integrate staging methods into the ADIOS framework. As part of this on-going work, we have released the DataTap server as part of the ADIOS release, and we have been working on improving the ‘in situ’ processing capabilities of the ADIOS framework. In particular, we have been moving forward with a design that adds additional metadata to describe the data layout and structure of data that is being moved for I/O purposes, building on the FFS type system developed in our past research

  13. Accelerating scientific discovery : 2007 annual report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beckman, P.; Dave, P.; Drugan, C.

    2008-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    As a gateway for scientific discovery, the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF) works hand in hand with the world's best computational scientists to advance research in a diverse span of scientific domains, ranging from chemistry, applied mathematics, and materials science to engineering physics and life sciences. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Science, researchers are using the IBM Blue Gene/L supercomputer at the ALCF to study and explore key scientific problems that underlie important challenges facing our society. For instance, a research team at the University of California-San Diego/ SDSC is studying the molecular basis of Parkinson's disease. The researchers plan to use the knowledge they gain to discover new drugs to treat the disease and to identify risk factors for other diseases that are equally prevalent. Likewise, scientists from Pratt & Whitney are using the Blue Gene to understand the complex processes within aircraft engines. Expanding our understanding of jet engine combustors is the secret to improved fuel efficiency and reduced emissions. Lessons learned from the scientific simulations of jet engine combustors have already led Pratt & Whitney to newer designs with unprecedented reductions in emissions, noise, and cost of ownership. ALCF staff members provide in-depth expertise and assistance to those using the Blue Gene/L and optimizing user applications. Both the Catalyst and Applications Performance Engineering and Data Analytics (APEDA) teams support the users projects. In addition to working with scientists running experiments on the Blue Gene/L, we have become a nexus for the broader global community. In partnership with the Mathematics and Computer Science Division at Argonne National Laboratory, we have created an environment where the world's most challenging computational science problems can be addressed. Our expertise in high-end scientific computing enables us to provide guidance for applications that are transitioning to petascale as well as to produce software that facilitates their development, such as the MPICH library, which provides a portable and efficient implementation of the MPI standard--the prevalent programming model for large-scale scientific applications--and the PETSc toolkit that provides a programming paradigm that eases the development of many scientific applications on high-end computers.

  14. Bayesian Discovery of Threat Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Steven T; Senne, Kenneth D; Bernstein, Garrett; Philips, Scott

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel unified Bayesian framework for network detection is developed, under which a detection algorithm is derived based on random walks on graphs. The algorithm detects threat networks using partial observations of their activity, and is proved to be optimum in the Neyman-Pearson sense. The algorithm is defined by a graph, at least one observation, and a diffusion model for threat. A link to well-known spectral detection methods is provided, and the equivalence of the random walk and harmonic solutions to the Bayesian formulation is proven. A general diffusion model is introduced that utilizes spatio-temporal relationships between vertices, and is used for a specific space-time formulation that leads to significant performance improvements on coordinated covert networks. This performance is demonstrated using a new hybrid interaction model introduced to simulate random covert networks with realistic properties.

  15. An Abductive Framework for Information Exchange in Multi-Agent systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torroni, Paolo

    An Abductive Framework for Information Exchange in Multi-Agent systems Marco Gavanelli1 , Evelina a framework for information exchange among abductive agents whose local knowledge bases are enlarged with a set of abduced hypotheses. We integrate the aspects of information exchange and abductive rea- soning

  16. Executive report Building knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geffner, Hector

    Executive report Building knowledge To build citizens To build cities UPF CAMPUS ICŔRIA INTERNATIONAL PROJECT 2010 International Campus of Excellence Programme #12;2 UPF CAMPUS ICŔRIA INTERNATIONAL this presentation from the one submitted in the CEI 2009 programme where UPF was classified as a `promising

  17. The Umbra Simulation Framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    GOTTLIEB,ERIC; HARRIGAN,RAYMOND W.; MCDONALD,MICHAEL J.; OPPEL III,FRED J.; XAVIER,PATRICK G.

    2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Umbra is a new Sandia-developed modeling and simulation framework. The Umbra framework allows users to quickly build models and simulations for intelligent system development, analysis, experimentation, and control and supports tradeoff analyses of complex robotic systems, device, and component concepts. Umbra links together heterogeneous collections of modeling tools. The models in Umbra include 3D geometry and physics models of robots, devices and their environments. Model components can be built with varying levels of fidelity and readily switched to allow models built with low fidelity for conceptual analysis to be gradually converted to high fidelity models for later phase detailed analysis. Within control environments, the models can be readily replaced with actual control elements. This paper describes Umbra at a functional level and describes issues that Sandia uses Umbra to address.

  18. Preparation of functionalized zeolitic frameworks

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M; Furukawa, Hiroyasu; Wang, Bo

    2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure provides zeolitic frameworks for gas separation, gas storage, catalysis and sensors. More particularly the disclosure provides zeolitic frameworks (ZIFs). The ZIF of the disclosure comprises any number of transition metals or a homogenous transition metal composition.

  19. Preparation of functionalized zeolitic frameworks

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M.; Hayashi, Hideki; Banerjee, Rahul; Park, Kyo Sung; Wang, Bo; Cote, Adrien P.

    2014-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure provides zeolitic frameworks for gas separation, gas storage, catalysis and sensors. More particularly the disclosure provides zeolitic frameworks (ZIFs). The ZIF of the disclosure comprises any number of transition metals or a homogenous transition metal composition.

  20. An urban intervention : enabling frameworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrigan, Neil Patrick

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The relationship between design and the idea of a framework is essentially an attitude about ordering. A framework is an Intellectual proposition which can support a variety ideas, and in doing so, it provides a resolution ...

  1. Preparation of functionalized zeolitic frameworks

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M; Hayashi, Hideki; Banerjee, Rahul; Park, Kyo Sung; Wang, Bo; Cote, Adrien P

    2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure provides zeolitic frameworks for gas separation, gas storage, catalysis and sensors. More particularly the disclosure provides zeolitic frameworks (ZIFs). The ZIF of the disclosure comprises any number of transition metals or a homogenous transition metal composition.

  2. Discovery of magnetic fields in CPNs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Jordan; K. Werner; S. J. O'Toole

    2004-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    For the first time we have directly detected magnetic fields in central stars of planetary nebulae by means of spectro-polarimetry with FORS1 at the VLT. In all four objects of our sample we found kilogauss magnetic fields, in NGC 1360 and LSS1362 with very high significance, while in Abell36 and EGB5 the existence of a magnetic field is probable but with less certainty. This discovery supports the hypothesis that the non-spherical symmetry of most planetary nebulae is caused by magnetic fields in AGB stars. Our high discovery rate demands mechanisms to prevent full conservation of magnetic flux during the transition to white dwarfs.

  3. Foundations of Artificial Intelligence Knowledge Representation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Rong

    To introduce knowledge acquisition and knowledge engineering. To explain how knowledge is taken from a human. Knowledge Acquisition #12;The field of knowledge engineering can be defined as the process of assessing problems, acquiring knowledge and building knowledge based systems. Knowledge Engineering #12;Problem

  4. Foundations of Artificial Intelligence Knowledge Acquisition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Rong

    knowledge acquisition and knowledge engineering. To explain how knowledge is taken from a human before being of knowledge engineering can be defined as the process of assessing problems, acquiring knowledge and building knowledge based systems. Knowledge Engineering Problem assessment Data and knowledge acquisition Bottleneck

  5. High School Students' Modeling Knowledge High School Students' Modeling Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    High School Students' Modeling Knowledge High School Students' Modeling Knowledge David Fortus of the authors. #12;High School Students' Modeling Knowledge Abstract Modeling is a core scientific practice a learning progression for this practice, focusing on the late elementary and early middle school years

  6. Knowledge Assisted Visualization Knowledge-assisted visualization of seismic data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for knowledge-assisted annotation and computer-assisted interpretation of seismic data for oil and gas, using seismic interpretation, is performed that makes it fit very naturally into the paradigmKnowledge Assisted Visualization Knowledge-assisted visualization of seismic data Daniel Patel a

  7. Proximate Sensing: Geographic Knowledge Discovery in On-line Photo Collections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leung, Chi Yan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in On-line Photo Collections A dissertation submitted infrom georeferenced photo collections”, IEEE Internationalfrom community photo collections. ” In Proceedings of the

  8. INLEN: A Methodology and Integrated System for Knowledge Discovery in Databases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalski, Ryszard S.

    by Ryszard S. Michalski and Bruce Katz of International Intelligent Systems, Inc. (INIS). I would like to thank INIS for providing the source code of the AURORA system. I would like to thank the collaborators

  9. Proximate Sensing: Geographic Knowledge Discovery in On-line Photo Collections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leung, Chi Yan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of developed to total land cover for each of the tiles. (b)classi?cation map with tiles labeled as developed (white) ortotal number of images per tile. (b) Binary classi?cation

  10. Search Method for Real-time Knowledge Discovery Modeled on the Human Brain

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiationImplementingnpitcheResearchPhysics LabwildfiresScottthe CRA-2014

  11. Enterprise Risk Management Framework

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8, 2000ConsumptionInnovation PortalHanford Site WasteFramework The

  12. A constraint optimization framework for discovery of cellular signaling and regulatory networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Shao-shan Carol

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cellular signaling and regulatory networks underlie fundamental biological processes such as growth, differentiation, and response to the environment. Although there are now various high-throughput methods for studying ...

  13. An Information-Theoretic Framework for Enabling Extreme-scale Science Discovery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shen, Han-Wei

    2014-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    In this final technical report, we describe the major research goals, activities, and findings under this grant. We also report a list of publications resulted from this project.

  14. A Monte Carlo-based framework enhances the discovery and interpretation of regulatory sequence motifs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seitzer, Phillip; Wilbanks, Elizabeth G; Larsen, David J; Facciotti, Marc T

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Start Input data set of sequences Y= Y 1 ,Y 2 , . . . Y NFrom an input data set of N sequence entries Y Ľ đ Y 1 ; Yin unaligned biopolymer sequences. Proteins 1990, 7:41–51.

  15. High-Throughput Methodology for Discovery of Metal-Organic Frameworks with

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(Fact Sheet), GeothermalGridHYDROGEND D e e p p a a rDepartment ofofa High Binding

  16. Frame-Based Knowledge Representation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steels, Luc

    The paper introduces a language for representing knowledge in a declarative form. With this language it is possible to define knowledge about a certain domain by introducing a number of concepts and by specifying their ...

  17. Resource Discovery Services for Grid Computing Training 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Low, Boon; Fergusson, David; MacColl, John

    2007-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    discovery services developed as part of an initiative to pilot e-learning and a shared digital library infrastructure for Grid Computing training projects in Europe. The development is also related to a project funded by the UK Joint Information Systems...

  18. Molecular Classification of Cancer: Class Discovery and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Elhanan

    the distinction between acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) without previous leukemias into those arising from lymphoid precursors (acute lymphoblastic leukemia, ALL) or from myeloid and applied to human acute leukemias as a test case. A class discovery procedure automatically discovered

  19. Exploratory Search Interfaces to Support Image Discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shneiderman, Ben

    Director (1983-2000), Human-Computer Interaction Lab Professor, Department of Computer Science MemberExploratory Search Interfaces to Support Image Discovery Ben Shneiderman ben@cs.umd.edu Founding;Interdisciplinary research community - Computer Science & Psychology - Information Studies & Education (www

  20. Solar composition from the Genesis Discovery Mission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solar composition from the Genesis Discovery Mission D. S. Burnett1 and Genesis Science Team2: the isoto- pic compositions of O, N, and noble gases differ in the Sun from other inner solar system objects in the noble gas data from solar wind implanted in lunar soils. (ii) The most advanced analytical instruments

  1. Unraveling the Higgs Boson Discovery - Rik Yoshida

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Rik Yoshida

    2013-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Argonne physicist Rik Yoshida explains what the Higgs boson is and what its discovery means for physics, the universe, and life. The third of Argonne's "OutLoud" public lecture series, held at the lab on September 27, 2012. Find out when the next one is at http://www.anl.gov/community/outloud

  2. DIMENSIONS of DISCOVERY Sponsored Program Awards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    .S. Department of Energy, $65,000, "Midwest Consortium for Wind Turbine Reliabililty and Optimization." (a Discovery Park award -- Energy Center) Agnew, Christopher R; psychological sciences, from Ross Graduate -- Energy Center) Agrawal, Rakesh; chemical engineering, from Purdue University F N Andrews Fel- lowship

  3. Discovery Park Impact NNSA PRISM Center for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holland, Jeffrey

    Discovery Park Impact NNSA PRISM Center for Prediction of Reliability, Integrity and Survivability in PRISM. Purdue is one of 5 centers funded under NNSA's Predictive Science Academic Alliance Program Computing, a division of Information Technology at Purdue. The NNSA national laboratories will be involved

  4. Unraveling the Higgs Boson Discovery - Rik Yoshida

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rik Yoshida

    2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Argonne physicist Rik Yoshida explains what the Higgs boson is and what its discovery means for physics, the universe, and life. The third of Argonne's "OutLoud" public lecture series, held at the lab on September 27, 2012. Find out when the next one is at http://www.anl.gov/community/outloud

  5. Sequence-Structure Patterns: Discovery and Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narasimhan, Giri

    Sequence-Structure Patterns: Discovery and Applications T. Milledge1 S. Khuri2 X. Wei1 C. Yang1 G School of Medicine Abstract Protein sequence data is being generated at a tremendous rate; however that proteins that share a similar function often exhibit conserved sequence patterns. Such sequence patterns

  6. DIMENSIONS of DISCOVERY Sponsored Program Awards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    for Research Abbott,Angela R; consumer & family sciences, from Crown Point Community Foundation, $500, "Gift Letter - Crown Point Community Founda- tion, Inc." Abel, Steven R; pharmacy practice, fromAmeri- can." (a Discovery Park award -- Institute for Defense Initiatives) Adams, Douglas E; mechanical

  7. Imaging in Drug Discovery and Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zanibbi, Richard

    Imaging in Drug Discovery and Development Raymond Gibson Senior Investigator Merck, Sharp and Dohme aaarrrccchhhiiivvveeesss aaannnddd aaabbbssstttrrraaaccctttsss... #12;Abstract With the desire to develop novel drugs faster and more cost-effectively, drug companies are searching for clear strategies to manage the complex

  8. Automated Discovery: a Fusion of Multidisciplinary Principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ras, Zbigniew W.

    Automated Discovery: a Fusion of Multidisciplinary Principles Jan M. _Zytkow Computer Science; Piatetsky-Shapiro & Frawley, 1991; Shen, 1993; Shrager & Langley; Simon, Valdes-Perez & Sleeman, 1997; Kulkarni & Simon, 1987; Kocabas & Langley, 1995; Valdes- Perez, 1993. The mere accumulation of new

  9. DIMENSIONS of DISCOVERY Sponsored Program Awards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    DIMENSIONS of DISCOVERY Sponsored Program Awards May 2013 Office of the Vice President for ResearchFunds." Abu-Omar, Mahdi M; chemistry, from U.S. DepartmentofEnergy,$165,000,"OxoCata- lysts for the Conversion pathobiology, from PHS-NIH National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, $2,963, "Animal-Assisted

  10. SyracuSe univerSity Discovery Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raina, Ramesh

    . Past Discovery Florence courses have included Italian Art and Society, Liberty and Power from country and trust in the people there gave me a lot more faith in people in general. --Briana r. Discovery

  11. NERSC User Day February 13 - Trends, Discovery, and Innovation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the Next 10 Years, Sudip Dosanjh, NERSC Director Discovery 11:00 - Discovery of the Higgs Boson and the role of LBNL and World-Wide Computing, Ian Hinchliffe, Berkeley Lab 11:30 -...

  12. Geothermal Discovery Offers Hope for More Potential Across the...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Discovery Offers Hope for More Potential Across the Country Geothermal Discovery Offers Hope for More Potential Across the Country October 17, 2012 - 12:50pm Addthis The solution...

  13. Drug Discovery and Development from Marine Biology-Based Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawitz, James W.

    Drug Discovery and Development from Marine Biology- Based Research Oceanyx Pharmaceuticals is a novel drug discovery and development company that leverages marine biology-based natural identified two lead candidates, largazole and apratoxin, as potential drug candidates for the treatment

  14. Centre de recherche KNOWLEDGE DYNAMICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Centre de recherche KNOWLEDGE DYNAMICS DURING PLANNING PRACTICES MARIE-LÉANDRE GOMEZ DR09011 or part of this document without the written consent of the authors. - DR 09011 - Knowledge Dynamics Hirsch, BP5021, 95021 CERGY PONTOISE, France. E-mail: gomez@essec.fr I #12;Knowledge Dynamics During

  15. Preparation of metal-triazolate frameworks

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M; Uribe-Romo, Fernando J; Gandara-Barragan, Felipe; Britt, David K

    2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure provides for novel metal-triazolate frameworks, methods of use thereof, and devices comprising the frameworks thereof.

  16. Energy Sector Cybersecurity Framework Implementation Guidance

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    DRAFT FOR PUBLIC COMMENT SEPTEMBER, 2014 ENERGY SECTOR CYBERSECURITY FRAMEWORK IMPLEMENTATION GUIDANCE Energy Sector Cybersecurity Framework Implementation Guidance Table of...

  17. Robust automated knowledge capture.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stevens-Adams, Susan Marie; Abbott, Robert G.; Forsythe, James Chris; Trumbo, Michael Christopher Stefan; Haass, Michael Joseph; Hendrickson, Stacey M. Langfitt

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes research conducted through the Sandia National Laboratories Robust Automated Knowledge Capture Laboratory Directed Research and Development project. The objective of this project was to advance scientific understanding of the influence of individual cognitive attributes on decision making. The project has developed a quantitative model known as RumRunner that has proven effective in predicting the propensity of an individual to shift strategies on the basis of task and experience related parameters. Three separate studies are described which have validated the basic RumRunner model. This work provides a basis for better understanding human decision making in high consequent national security applications, and in particular, the individual characteristics that underlie adaptive thinking.

  18. A threat analysis framework as applied to critical infrastructures in the Energy Sector.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michalski, John T.; Duggan, David Patrick

    2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The need to protect national critical infrastructure has led to the development of a threat analysis framework. The threat analysis framework can be used to identify the elements required to quantify threats against critical infrastructure assets and provide a means of distributing actionable threat information to critical infrastructure entities for the protection of infrastructure assets. This document identifies and describes five key elements needed to perform a comprehensive analysis of threat: the identification of an adversary, the development of generic threat profiles, the identification of generic attack paths, the discovery of adversary intent, and the identification of mitigation strategies.

  19. National Geothermal Data System: Transforming the Discovery, Access, and Analytics of Data for Geothermal Exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patten, Kim [Arizona Geological Survey

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Compendium of Papers from the 38th Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Stanford University, Stanford, California February 11-13, 2013 The National Geothermal Data System (NGDS) is a distributed, interoperable network of data collected from state geological surveys across all fifty states and the nation’s leading academic geothermal centers. The system serves as a platform for sharing consistent, reliable, geothermal-relevant technical data with users of all types, while supplying tools relevant for their work. As aggregated data supports new scientific findings, this content-rich linked data ultimately broadens the pool of knowledge available to promote discovery and development of commercial-scale geothermal energy production. Most of the up-front risks associated with geothermal development stem from exploration and characterization of subsurface resources. Wider access to distributed data will, therefore, result in lower costs for geothermal development. NGDS is on track to become fully operational by 2014 and will provide a platform for custom applications for accessing geothermal relevant data in the U.S. and abroad. It is being built on the U.S. Geoscience Information Network (USGIN) data integration framework to promote interoperability across the Earth sciences community. The basic structure of the NGDS employs state-of-the art informatics to advance geothermal knowledge. The following four papers comprising this Open-File Report are a compendium of presentations, from the 38th Annual Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, taking place February 11-13, 2013 at Stanford University, Stanford, California. “NGDS Geothermal Data Domain: Assessment of Geothermal Community Data Needs,” outlines the efforts of a set of nationwide data providers to supply data for the NGDS. In particular, data acquisition, delivery, and methodology are discussed. The paper addresses the various types of data and metadata required and why simple links to existing data are insufficient for promoting geothermal exploration. Authors of this paper are Arlene Anderson, US DOE Geothermal Technologies Office, David Blackwell, Southern Methodist University (SMU), Cathy Chickering (SMU), Toni Boyd, Oregon Institute of Technology’s GeoHeat Center, Roland Horne, Stanford University, Matthew MacKenzie, Uberity, Joe Moore, University of Utah, Duane Nickull, Uberity, Stephen Richard, Arizona Geological Survey, and Lisa Shevenell, University of Nevada, Reno. “NGDS User Centered Design: Meeting the Needs of the Geothermal Community,” discusses the user- centered design approach taken in the development of a user interface solution for the NGDS. The development process is research based, highly collaborative, and incorporates state-of-the-art practices to ensure a quality user interface for the widest and greatest utility. Authors of this paper are Harold Blackman, Boise State University, Suzanne Boyd, Anthro-Tech, Kim Patten, Arizona Geological Survey, and Sam Zheng, Siemens Corporate Research. “Fueling Innovation and Adoption by Sharing Data on the DOE Geothermal Data Repository Node on the National Geothermal Data System,” describes the motivation behind the development of the Geothermal Data Repository (GDR) and its role in the NGDS. This includes the benefits of using the GDR to share geothermal data of all types and DOE’s data submission process. Authors of this paper are Jon Weers, National Renewable Energy Laboratory and Arlene Anderson, US DOE Geothermal Technologies Office. Finally, “Developing the NGDS Adoption of CKAN for Domestic & International Data Deployment,” provides an overview of the “Node-In-A-Box” software package designed to provide data consumers with a highly functional interface to access the system, and to ease the burden on data providers who wish to publish data in the system. It is important to note that this software package constitutes a reference implementation and that the NGDS architecture is based on open standards, which means other server software can make resources available, a

  20. Issues in Security Service Discovery and Routing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sholander, P.; Tarman, T.

    1999-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The Security Specification, Version 1.0 allows security services to be provided by many devices in a network. It correctly presumes that if a virtual circuit needs these security services, then network topology and device policy will act to ensure that the appropriate security services are applied to the virtual circuit. This contribution moves that the Security Service Discovery and Routing function be included in the Security Version 2.0 work scope.

  1. Genalogical approaches to ethical implications of informational assimilative integrated discovery systems (AIDS) in business

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pharhizgar, K.D.; Lunce, S.E. [Texas A & M International Univ., Lardeo, TX (United States)

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Development of knowledge-based technological acquisition techniques and customers` information profiles are known as assimilative integrated discovery systems (AIDS) in modern organizations. These systems have access through processing to both deep and broad domains of information in modern societies. Through these systems organizations and individuals can predict future trend probabilities and events concerning their customers. AIDSs are new techniques which produce new information which informants can use without the help of the knowledge sources because of the existence of highly sophisticated computerized networks. This paper has analyzed the danger and side effects of misuse of information through the illegal, unethical and immoral access to the data-base in an integrated and assimilative information system as described above. Cognivistic mapping, pragmatistic informational design gathering, and holistic classifiable and distributive techniques are potentially abusive systems whose outputs can be easily misused by businesses when researching the firm`s customers.

  2. Review: Knowledge and Environmental Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, Peter C.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Environmental Policy: Re-Imagining the Boundaries ofand Environmental Policy: Re-Imagining the Boundaries ofKnowledge and Environmental Policy continues the complex and

  3. Maturing Software Engineering Knowledge through Classifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basili, Victor R.

    Maturing Software Engineering Knowledge through Classifications: A Case Study on Unit Testing contribution to advancing knowledge in both science and engineering. It is a way of investigating Engineering knowledge, as classifications constitute an organized structure of knowledge items. Till date

  4. ISI Web of Knowledge111 , ,1111

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel, Rosenfeld

    ISI Web of Knowledge111 © , ,1111 -ISI Web of Knowledge (http://newisiknowledge.com) , , , . . -ISI Web of Knowledge : Web of Science(-1965) , . Biosis Previews(-1991) , ,, . MEDLINE(-1951) , , . Zoological Record(-1995). , . ISI Web of Knowledge . . -VPN( ). : 1.:http

  5. Knowledge and Common Knowledge in a Distributed Environment \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halpern, Joseph Y.

    Knowledge and Common Knowledge in a Distributed Environment \\Lambda Joseph Y. Halpern Yoram Moses role in distributed systems. Indeed, such reasoning is a central part of the informal intuitive arguments used in the design of distributed protocols. Communication in a distributed system can be viewed

  6. The Interactive Knowledge Library: Capturing, Sharing and Synthesizing Tacit Knowledge in Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eaton, Craig M.

    2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Interactive Knowledge Library is a place to capture, share and synthesize tacit and explicit knowledge. While explicit knowledge (or ‘know what’) is useful, it is tacit knowledge (or ‘know how’) that is the quintessence of knowledge, from which...

  7. Foundations of Artificial Intelligence Knowledge Acquisition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Rong

    knowledge acquisition and knowledge engineering. To explain how knowledge is taken from a human before being against the original statement. Knowledge Acquisition The field of knowledge engineering can be defined Engineering Problem assessment Data and knowledge acquisition Bottleneck Development of a prototype system

  8. Knowledge Infusion Leslie G. Valiant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valiant, Leslie

    Knowledge Infusion Leslie G. Valiant Division of Engineering and Applied Sciences Harvard as by their economy in the use of external data. In this paper we propose a theoretical basis for knowl- edge infusion in terms of robust logic. Knowledge infusion based on robust logic can be distinguished from other cur

  9. Discovery of plutonium-based superconductivity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sarrao, John L.,; Thompson, J. D. (Joe David); Moreno, N. O.; Morales, L. A. (Luis A.); Wastin, F. (Franck); Rebizant, J.; Boulet, P.; Colineau, E.; Lander, G. H.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The discovery of superconductivity in single crystals of PuCoGa{sub 5} with transition temperature T{sub c}=18.5 K is discussed. The existing data lead to the speculation that the superconductivity in PuCoGa{sub 5} may be unconventional. In such a scenario the properties of PuCoGa{sub 5} would be intermediate between those of isostructural UCoGa{sub 5} and CeCoIn{sub 5}, more heavily studied f-electron materials.

  10. Trends, Discovery, & Innovation at NUG User

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron Spin Transition in2,EHSS A-Z Site MapTrends, Discovery, & Innovation

  11. Stories of Discovery & Innovation: From Human Genome to Materials...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    of Discovery & Innovation, was supported in part by the Center for Electrical Energy Storage, an EFRC led by Michael Thackeray at Argonne National Laboratory. Last modified: 4...

  12. Discovery of the Transuranium Elements (LBNL Summer Lecture Series)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Hoffman, Darleane

    2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Summer Lecture Series 2006: Darleane Hoffman, a Berkeley Lab nuclear chemist, chronicles the discovery of the heaviest elements ? those much heavier than uranium and plutonium.

  13. Supercomputers Drive Discovery of Materials for More Efficient...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Supercomputers Drive Discovery of Materials for More Efficient Carbon Capture Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) ASCR Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights...

  14. atlas discovery potential: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: This contribution summarizes the discovery potential of the Standard Model Higgs boson using the H gamma gamma decay with the ATLAS detector. The relevant detector...

  15. ,"New York Dry Natural Gas Reserves New Field Discoveries (Billion...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York Dry Natural Gas Reserves New Field Discoveries (Billion Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2013...

  16. Discovery sheds light on nuclear reactor fuel behavior during...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Reports Summer Science Writing Internship Discovery sheds light on nuclear reactor fuel behavior during a severe event By Angela Hardin * November 20, 2014 Tweet...

  17. Exploration And Discovery In Yellowstone Lake- Results From High...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Discovery In Yellowstone Lake- Results From High-Resolution Sonar Imaging, Seismic Reflection Profiling, And Submersible Studies Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference...

  18. A Framework for Defining Logics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Gordon; Honsell, Furio; Harper, Robert

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Edinburgh Logical Framework (LF) provides a means to define (or present) logics. It is based on a general treatment of syntax, rules, and proofs by means of a typed ?-calculus with dependent types. Syntax is treated ...

  19. MANCHESTER METROPOLITAN UNIVERSITY POLICY FRAMEWORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AND ACADEMIC SERVICES GOVERNANCE AND SECRETARIAT TEAM POLICY FRAMEWORK AND EQUALITY IMPACT ASSESSMENT (EIA date, date EIA approved, approval body and review date. Other points to consider include: Additional

  20. UC SECURITY FRAMEWORK 2011 -2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    1 UC SECURITY FRAMEWORK 2011 - 2012 #12;2 Contents Background..................................................................................................................................4 About UC Security & Campus Community Support .................................................................5 Security Service Authority and Relationship with NZ Police and Emergency Services ...........5

  1. Sample Business Plan Framework 3

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Department of Energy Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Sample Business Plan Framework 1: A program seeking to continue operations in the post-grant period as a not-for-profit (NGO) entity.

  2. Sample Business Plan Framework 2

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Department of Energy Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Sample Business Plan Framework 1: A program seeking to continue operations in the post-grant period as a not-for-profit (NGO) entity.

  3. Sample Business Plan Framework 4

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Department of Energy Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Sample Business Plan Framework 1: A program seeking to continue operations in the post-grant period as a not-for-profit (NGO) entity.

  4. Sample Business Plan Framework 1

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Department of Energy Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Sample Business Plan Framework 1: A program seeking to continue operations in the post-grant period as a not-for-profit (NGO) entity.

  5. A Representation-Based Methodology for Developing High-Value Knowledge Engineering Systems: Theory and Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Munger, Tyler Rey

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Knowledge Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Knowledge Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . .to Analytics for Knowledge Engineering Approach . . . . .

  6. DISCOVERY OF AN ULTRAMASSIVE PULSATING WHITE DWARF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hermes, J. J.; Castanheira, Barbara G.; Winget, D. E.; Montgomery, M. H.; Harrold, Samuel T. [Department of Astronomy, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Kepler, S. O. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Gianninas, A. [Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, 440 W. Brooks Street, Norman, OK 73019 (United States); Brown, Warren R., E-mail: jjhermes@astro.as.utexas.edu [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We announce the discovery of the most massive pulsating hydrogen-atmosphere white dwarf (WD) ever discovered, GD 518. Model atmosphere fits to the optical spectrum of this star show it is a 12, 030 {+-} 210 K WD with a log g =9.08 {+-} 0.06, which corresponds to a mass of 1.20 {+-} 0.03 M{sub Sun }. Stellar evolution models indicate that the progenitor of such a high-mass WD endured a stable carbon-burning phase, producing an oxygen-neon-core WD. The discovery of pulsations in GD 518 thus offers the first opportunity to probe the interior of a WD with a possible oxygen-neon core. Such a massive WD should also be significantly crystallized at this temperature. The star exhibits multi-periodic luminosity variations at timescales ranging from roughly 425 to 595 s and amplitudes up to 0.7%, consistent in period and amplitude with the observed variability of typical ZZ Ceti stars, which exhibit non-radial g-mode pulsations driven by a hydrogen partial ionization zone. Successfully unraveling both the total mass and core composition of GD 518 provides a unique opportunity to investigate intermediate-mass stellar evolution, and can possibly place an upper limit to the mass of a carbon-oxygen-core WD, which in turn constrains Type Ia supernovae progenitor systems.

  7. Knowledge ecology and knowledge economy interests -can they be compatible? Rainer Kuhlen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhlen, Rainer

    Knowledge ecology and knowledge economy interests - can they be compatible? Rainer Kuhlen and knowledge ecology - can they be compatible? CC 1 #12;Knowledge ecology and knowledge economy interests - can they be compatible? part of #12;Knowledge ecology and knowledge economy interests - can they be compatible? EIS

  8. Thermoelectric Activities of European Community within Framework...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of European Community within Framework Programme 7 and additional activities in Germany Thermoelectric Activities of European Community within Framework Programme 7 and...

  9. International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation (IFNEC...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation (IFNEC) Expert meetings in Romania International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation (IFNEC) Expert meetings in Romania...

  10. Knowledge Capture and Transfer Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Office of Learning and Workforce Development is working with Heads of Departmental Elements, DOE senior leaders and subject-matter-experts to capture and transfer the knowledge and experiences...

  11. Knowledge Acquisition from Data Bases 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Xindong

    Knowledge acquisition from databases is a research frontier for both data base technology and machine learning (ML) techniques,and has seen sustained research over recent years.It also acts as a link between the two ...

  12. RIKEN Program for Drug Discovery and Medical Technology PlatformsRIKEN Program for Drug Discovery and Medical Technology Platforms Toshio Goto Program Director (D.Agr.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fukai, Tomoki

    RIKEN Program for Drug Discovery and Medical Technology PlatformsRIKEN Program for Drug Discovery-2007, Associate Senior VP, Drug Discovery Research, Astellas. 2007-2009, Adviser, PGXIS. 2009-2010, Special Adviser, RIKEN, and 2010-present, Director, RIKEN Program for Drug Discovery and Medical Technology

  13. Announcement Discoveries in Photosynthesis, Volume 20, Advances in Photosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Govindjee "Gov"

    Announcement Discoveries in Photosynthesis, Volume 20, Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration I am delighted to announce the publication, in the Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration (AIPH) series, of the first book that focuses on the historical aspects of photosynthesis research `Discoveries

  14. Wormhole-Resilient Secure Neighbor Discovery in Underwater Acoustic Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Rui

    ), Unmanned Underwater Vehicles (UUV), and surface stations, and nearby nodes communicate via acoustic ratherWormhole-Resilient Secure Neighbor Discovery in Underwater Acoustic Networks Rui Zhang and Yanchao in underwater acoustic networks (UANs) with floating node mobility. In hostile environments, neighbor discovery

  15. ORIGINAL PAPER Creativity and scientific discovery with infused design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shai, Offer

    ORIGINAL PAPER Creativity and scientific discovery with infused design and its analysis with C of a theory. As a first step, we use infused design (ID) method to generate new concepts and methods. Keywords Design theory Á Creativity Á Infused design Á C­K theory Á Scientific discovery 1 Introduction

  16. Single nucleotide polymorphism discovery in elite north american potato germplasm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douches, David S.

    Single nucleotide polymorphism discovery in elite north american potato germplasm Hamilton et al;RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Single nucleotide polymorphism discovery in elite north american potato- making. Results: To identify a large number of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) in elite potato

  17. Salt dome discoveries mounting in Mississippi

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ericksen, R.L. [Mississippi Office of Geology, Jackson, MS (United States)

    1996-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Exploratory drilling around piercement salt domes in Mississippi has met with a string of successes in recent months. Exploration of these salt features is reported to have been initiated through the review of non-proprietary, 2D seismic data and subsurface control. This preliminary data and work were then selectively upgraded by the acquisition of additional, generally higher quality, conventional 2D seismic lines. This current flurry of successful exploration and ensuing development drilling by Amerada Hess Corp. on the flanks of salt domes in Mississippi has resulted in a number of significant Hosston discoveries/producers at: Carson salt dome in Jefferson Davis County; Dry Creek salt dome in Covington County, Midway salt dome in lamar County, Monticello salt dome in Lawrence County, and Prentiss salt dome in Jefferson Davis County. The resulting production from these fields is gas and condensate, with wells being completed on 640 acre production units.

  18. Discovery of magnetic fields in hot subdwarfs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. J. O'Toole; S. Jordan; S. Friedrich; U. Heber

    2004-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    We present initial results of a project to measure mean longitudinal magnetic fields in a group of sdB/OB/O stars. The project was inspired by the discovery of three super-metal-rich sdOB stars, each having metals (e.g. Ti, V) enhanced by factors of 10^3 to 10^5. Similar behaviour is observed in chemically peculiar A stars, where strong magnetic fields are responsible for the enrichment. With this in mind, we obtained circularly polarised spectra of two of the super-metal-rich sdOBs, two "normal" sdBs and two sdOs using FORS1 on the ESO/VLT. By examining circular polarisation in the hydrogen Balmer lines and in helium lines, we have detected magnetic fields with strengths of 1-2 kG in most of our targets. This suggests that such fields are relatively common in hot subdwarfs.

  19. Planetary Microlensing: From Prediction to Discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholas James Rattenbury

    2006-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Four planets have recently been discovered by gravitational microlensing. The most recent of these discoveries is the lowest-mass planet known to exist around a normal star. The detection of planets in gravitational microlensing events was predicted over a decade ago. Microlensing is now a mature field of astrophysical research and the recent planet detections herald a new chapter in the hunt for low mass extra-solar planets. This paper reviews the basic theory of planetary microlensing, describes the experiments currently in operation for the detection and observation of microlensing events and compares the characteristics of the planetary systems found to date by microlensing. Some proposed schemes for improving the detection rate of planets via microlensing are also discussed.

  20. Geospatial | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Geospatial Geospatial June 27, 2011 - 3:20pm Addthis Addthis Related Articles Geospatial Science Program Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework Recognized at National Conference...

  1. Functional Metadata Schema for Engineering Knowledge Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mizoguchi, Riichiro

    Functional Metadata Schema for Engineering Knowledge Management Yoshinobu Kitamura Naoya Washio engineering knowledge about functionality representing design rationale because of the lack of rich common, ontology, metadata, functional model, knowledge management 1. INTRODUCTION In the engineering design

  2. ORIGINAL PAPER The interdisciplinary engineering knowledge genome

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shai, Offer

    ORIGINAL PAPER The interdisciplinary engineering knowledge genome Yoram Reich · Offer Shai Received, termed the ``Interdisciplinary Engineering Knowledge Genome'', which is an organized collection of system, the Interdisciplinary Engineering Knowledge Genome unifies many engineering disciplines, providing a basis

  3. Learning Quantitative Knowledge for Multiagent Coordination David Jensen, Michael Atighetchi, R'egis Vincent, Victor Lesser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    of these interrelation­ ships can help coordinate agents --- preventing con­ flicts and exploiting beneficial of such non­local effects in TAEMS, a well­developed framework for multiagent coordination. The surprising knowledge. Introduction A major challenge of designing effective multiagent sys­ tems is managing non

  4. ABDUCTIVE LOGIC PROGRAMMING Abductive Logic Programming is a high level knowledge representation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moraitis, Pavlos

    ABDUCTIVE LOGIC PROGRAMMING Abductive Logic Programming is a high level knowledge representation framework that allows us to solve problems declaratively based on abductive reasoning. It extends normal predicates. Problem solving is effected by deriving hypotheses on these abducible predicates (abductive hy

  5. Robust Monotonic Optimization Framework for Multicell MISO Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Björnson, Emil; Bengtsson, Mats; Ottersten, Björn

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The performance of multiuser systems is both difficult to measure fairly and to solve optimally. Most resource allocation problems are non-convex, even under simplifying assumptions such as perfect channel knowledge, homogeneous channel properties among users, and simple power constraints. Herein, we establish a general optimization framework that systematically solves these problems to global optimality. The proposed branch-reduce-and-bound (BRB) algorithm handles general multicell downlink systems with single-antenna users, multiantenna transmitters, arbitrary linear power constraints, and robustness to channel uncertainty. The problem of robust optimization with fairness-profile is solved at each iteration, which is a quasi-convex problem and a novel generalization of regular max-min fairness. The BRB algorithm is in general computationally costly, but it shows far better convergence than the previously known outer polyblock approximation algorithm. Our framework is suitable for computing benchmarks in gen...

  6. An expert system framework for nondestructive waste assay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Becker, G.K.

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Management and disposition of transuranic (RU) waste forms necessitates determining entrained RU and associated radioactive material quantities as per National RU Waste Characterization Program requirements. Technical justification and demonstration of a given NDA method used to determine RU mass and uncertainty in accordance with program quality assurance is difficult for many waste forms. Difficulties are typically founded in waste NDA methods that employ standards compensation and/or employment of simplifying assumptions on waste form configurations. Capability to determine and justify RU mass and mass uncertainty can be enhanced through integration of waste container data/information using expert system and empirical data-driven techniques with conventional data acquisition and analysis. Presented is a preliminary expert system framework that integrates the waste form data base, alogrithmic techniques, statistical analyses, expert domain knowledge bases, and empirical artificial intelligence modules into a cohesive system. The framework design and bases in addition to module development activities are discussed.

  7. A New Framework for Science and Technology Policy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    VanDevender, J.P.

    1999-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The usual divisions of science and technology into pure research applied research, development, demonstration, and production creates impediments for moving knowledge into socially useful products and services. This failing has been previously discussed without concrete suggestions of how to improve the situation. In the proposed framework the divisive and artificial distinctions of basic and applied are softened, and the complementary and somewhat overlapping roles of universities, corporations, and federal labs are clarified to enable robust partnerships. As a collegial group of scientists and technologists from industry, university, and government agencies and their national laboratories, we have worked together to clarify this framework. We offer the results in hopes of improving the results from investments in science and technology and thereby helping strengthen the social contract between the public and private investors and the scientists-technologists.

  8. UC DAVIS PHYSICAL DESIGN FRAMEWORK PHYSICAL DESIGN FRAMEWORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Campus Framework Strengthen the civic core 3.1 Amplify the bus/bike boulevard 3.2 Connect to the arboretum 3.3 Create identity for district centers 3.4 Connect campus entries to the greater community 3.5 4.2 Appendices 1 West Village Neighborhood Master Plan www.ormp.ucdavis.edu/environreview/lrdp.html#NMP 2 Bike

  9. Nonlocal approach to the analysis of the stress distribution in granular systems. I. Theoretical framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenkre, V.M.

    and Astronomy, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 A. J. Hurd Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 Received 22 August 1997 A theoretical framework for the analysis of the stress. To the best of our knowledge, this interconnection has not been realized earlier. It allows one to combine

  10. A Data Mining Framework for Building Intrusion Detection Models Salvatore J. Stolfo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Junfeng

    A Data Mining Framework for Building Intrusion Detection Models Wenke Lee Salvatore J. Stolfo Kui W of expert knowledge, changes to IDSs are expensive and slow. In this paper, we describe a data mining, and apply data mining programs to learn rules that accurately capture the behavior of intrusions and normal

  11. International Conference on e-Learning and the Knowledge Society -e-Learning'09 Designing a Decision Engine for Adaptive Training Simulators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borissova, Daniela

    -person learning (by doing, exploring, and discovery) [3]. Having incorporated simulations in the training processInternational Conference on e-Learning and the Knowledge Society - e-Learning'09 - - Designing a Decision Engine for Adaptive Training Simulators Aneliya Ivanova, Elena Yakimova Abstract: The paper

  12. Central Characterization Program (CCP) Acceptable Knowledge Documentat...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Acceptable Knowledge Documentation Central Characterization Program (CCP) Acceptable Knowledge Documentation This document was used to determine facts and conditions during the...

  13. Webinar: Using the New Bioenergy KDF for Data Discovery and Research...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Using the New Bioenergy KDF for Data Discovery and Research Webinar: Using the New Bioenergy KDF for Data Discovery and Research Webinar Slides about the new Bioenergy KDF...

  14. Framework Application for Core Edge Transport Simulation (FACETS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krasheninnikov, Sergei; Pigarov, Alexander

    2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The FACETS (Framework Application for Core-Edge Transport Simulations) project of Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing (SciDAC) Program was aimed at providing a high-fidelity whole-tokamak modeling for the U.S. magnetic fusion energy program and ITER through coupling separate components for each of the core region, edge region, and wall, with realistic plasma particles and power sources and turbulent transport simulation. The project also aimed at developing advanced numerical algorithms, efficient implicit coupling methods, and software tools utilizing the leadership class computing facilities under Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR). The FACETS project was conducted by a multi-discipline, multi-institutional teams, the Lead PI was J.R. Cary (Tech-X Corp.). In the FACETS project, the Applied Plasma Theory Group at the MAE Department of UCSD developed the Wall and Plasma-Surface Interaction (WALLPSI) module, performed its validation against experimental data, and integrated it into the developed framework. WALLPSI is a one-dimensional, coarse grained, reaction/advection/diffusion code applied to each material boundary cell in the common modeling domain for a tokamak. It incorporates an advanced model for plasma particle transport and retention in the solid matter of plasma facing components, simulation of plasma heat power load handling, calculation of erosion/deposition, and simulation of synergistic effects in strong plasma-wall coupling.

  15. Knowledge information management toolkit and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hempstead, Antoinette R.; Brown, Kenneth L.

    2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A system is provided for managing user entry and/or modification of knowledge information into a knowledge base file having an integrator support component and a data source access support component. The system includes processing circuitry, memory, a user interface, and a knowledge base toolkit. The memory communicates with the processing circuitry and is configured to store at least one knowledge base. The user interface communicates with the processing circuitry and is configured for user entry and/or modification of knowledge pieces within a knowledge base. The knowledge base toolkit is configured for converting knowledge in at least one knowledge base from a first knowledge base form into a second knowledge base form. A method is also provided.

  16. UTS Policy Framework: Introduction 11.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University of Technology, Sydney

    UTS Policy Framework: user guide Contents Introduction 11. TheroleofpolicywithintheUniversity 12 Policytemplate 64kbWord Directivetemplate 64kbWord Coversheets Coversheet--policies 48kbWord Coversheet--academicpolicies 48kbWord Coversheet--directives 48kbWord Policy Tools PolicyTool1:IssuesLog 60kbWord PolicyTool2

  17. Developing a Regional Recovery Framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lesperance, Ann M.; Olson, Jarrod; Stein, Steven L.; Clark, Rebecca; Kelly, Heather; Sheline, Jim; Tietje, Grant; Williamson, Mark; Woodcock, Jody

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract A biological attack would present an unprecedented challenge for local, state, and federal agencies; the military; the private sector; and individuals on many fronts ranging from vaccination and treatment to prioritization of cleanup actions to waste disposal. To prepare the Seattle region to recover from a biological attack, the Seattle Urban Area Security Initiative (UASI) partners collaborated with military and federal agencies to develop a Regional Recovery Framework for a Biological Attack in the Seattle Urban Area. The goal was to reduce the time and resources required to recover and restore wide urban areas, military installations, and other critical infrastructure following a biological incident by providing a coordinated systems approach. Based on discussions in small workshops, tabletop exercises, and interviews with emergency response agency staff, the partners identified concepts of operation for various areas to address critical issues the region will face as recovery progresses. Key to this recovery is the recovery of the economy. Although the Framework is specific to a catastrophic, wide-area biological attack using anthrax, it was designed to be flexible and scalable so it could also serve as the recovery framework for an all-hazards approach. The Framework also served to coalesce policy questions that must be addressed for long-term recovery. These questions cover such areas as safety and health, security, financial management, waste management, legal issues, and economic development.

  18. Information Technology Security Assessment Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Federal Information Technology Security Assessment Framework November 28, 2000 Prepared (NIST) Computer Security Division #12;Overview Information and the systems that process it are among and maintain a program to adequately secure its information and system assets. Agency programs must: 1) assure

  19. A brief history of the Delayed'' discovery of nuclear fission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holden, N.E.

    1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This year marks the Fiftieth Anniversary of the discovery of Nuclear Fission. In the early 1930's, the neutron was discovered, followed by the discovery of artificial radioactivity and then the use of the neutron to produce artificial radioactivity. The first experiments resulting in the fission of uranium took place in 1934. A paper which speculated on fission as an explanation was almost immediately published, yet no one took it seriously not even the author herself. Why did it take an additional five years before anyone realized what had occurred This is an abnormally long time in a period when discoveries, particularly in nuclear physics, seemed to be almost a daily occurrence. The events which led up to the discovery are recounted, with an attempt made to put them into their historical perspective. The role played by Mendeleev's Periodic Table, the role of the natural radioactive decay chain of uranium, the discovery of protactinium, the apparent discovery of masurium (technetium) and a speculation on the reason why Irene Curie may have missed the discovery of nuclear fission will all be discussed. 43 refs.

  20. Continuous Time Group Discovery in Dynamic Graphs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, K; Eliassi-Rad, T

    2010-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    With the rise in availability and importance of graphs and networks, it has become increasingly important to have good models to describe their behavior. While much work has focused on modeling static graphs, we focus on group discovery in dynamic graphs. We adapt a dynamic extension of Latent Dirichlet Allocation to this task and demonstrate good performance on two datasets. Modeling relational data has become increasingly important in recent years. Much work has focused on static graphs - that is fixed graphs at a single point in time. Here we focus on the problem of modeling dynamic (i.e. time-evolving) graphs. We propose a scalable Bayesian approach for community discovery in dynamic graphs. Our approach is based on extensions of Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA). LDA is a latent variable model for topic modeling in text corpora. It was extended to deal with topic changes in discrete time and later in continuous time. These models were referred to as the discrete Dynamic Topic Model (dDTM) and the continuous Dynamic Topic Model (cDTM), respectively. When adapting these models to graphs, we take our inspiration from LDA-G and SSN-LDA, applications of LDA to static graphs that have been shown to effectively factor out community structure to explain link patterns in graphs. In this paper, we demonstrate how to adapt and apply the cDTM to the task of finding communities in dynamic networks. We use link prediction to measure the quality of the discovered community structure and apply it to two different relational datasets - DBLP author-keyword and CAIDA autonomous systems relationships. We also discuss a parallel implementation of this approach using Hadoop. In Section 2, we review LDA and LDA-G. In Section 3, we review the cDTM and introduce cDTMG, its adaptation to modeling dynamic graphs. We discuss inference for the cDTM-G and details of our parallel implementation in Section 4 and present its performance on two datasets in Section 5 before concluding in Section 6.

  1. The Fruition of 4f Discovery, The interplay of basic and applied research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    K.A. Gschneidner, Jr

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A broad base of knowledge is necessary for the successful solution to applied problems, but on the other hand, developing such practical solutions can open the door to new and exciting adventures in basic research. Several such synergistic events are briefly described. These include the design and development of magnetic refrigerant materials (1) for the liquefaction of H{sub 2} gas, and (2) for near-room temperature cooling and refrigeration; and (3) the design and development of cryocooler regenerator materials. The first led to the discovery of both supercooling and superheating in the same substance (Dy and Er); the second to the discovery of the giant magnetocaloric effect, the colossal magnetostriction, and the giant magnetoresistance in the same substance [Gd{sub 5}(Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1-x}{sub 4})]; and the third the disappearance of three of the four magnetically ordered phases in Er by Pr additions in both high purity Er and commercial grade Er.

  2. Enhance your Cyber Security Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enhance your Cyber Security Knowledge About NPS CS FUNDAMENTALS: Create a strong foundational by increasing the effectiveness of the armed forces of the United States and its allies. Cyber Security-4015 About CISR #12;Cyber Security Adversarial Techniques Cyber Security Defense Cyber Security Fundamentals

  3. A knowledge portal for Norway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansen, Tom Henning

    A knowledge portal for Norway 2012 Highlights from the University of Oslo's annual report #12 examinations 14 The Governor of the Bank of Norway's Annual Address: 15 A student ombudsman is introduced 15 for Norway, and in addition to its achievements in the form of education and new research, it has a large

  4. HEART SMART NUTRITION KNOWLEDGE = POWER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lesson 1 HEART SMART NUTRITION KNOWLEDGE = POWER Know Your Cholesterol Number High blood cholesterol is one of the three major risk factors for heart disease that you can change. The other two risk the disease. Heart disease is the number one killer of women and men in the United States. In 2008, over 16

  5. "Investment in knowledge pays the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Jesus

    Annual Report #12;Annual Report #12;"Investment in knowledge pays the best interest." Abraham to information about the organisation. Our accounts are audited annually and can be viewed on our website: www to leading institutions in Europe in terms of selecting, hiring and consolidating research talent. Ikerbasque

  6. Advancing Michigan's State of Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Jennifer Jing

    Advancing Michigan's State of Knowledge GRADUATE E D U C AT I O N "To attract and grow quality jobs for Michigan's Economic Future: Jobs, Education and Protecting Families State of the State Address - 2009 Michigan Graduate Education Day Thursday, April 23, 2009 , Andrews University Aquinas College Baker College

  7. Situation and Perspective of Knowledge Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Staab, Steffen

    Situation and Perspective of Knowledge Engineering Rudi Studer1 , Stefan Decker2 , Dieter Fensel3, The Netherlands dieter@cs.vu.nl Abstract. Knowledge Engineering was in the past primarily concerned with building and developing knowledge-based systems, an objective which puts Knowledge Engineering in a niche of the world

  8. Knowledge Engineering Technique for Cluster Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Knowledge Engineering Technique for Cluster Development Pradorn Sureephong1 , Nopasit Chakpitak1 management by using knowledge engineering which is one of the most important method for managing knowledge. This work analyzed three well known knowledge engineering methods, i.e. MOKA, SPEDE and Common

  9. Knowledge Framework for Intelligent Manufacturing Systems Ricardo Jardim-Goncalves* Joo Sarraipa** Carlos Agostinho** Herv Panetto***

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -mail: rg@uninova.pt) ** UNINOVA-GRIS, Group for the Research in Interoperability of Systems - Instituto de&D initiatives, building common semantics and integrated solutions. The SMART-fm project was one of those

  10. A Framework for Knowledge Derivation Incorporating Trust and Quality of Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuehnhausen, Martin

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    .5 million time stamped data points over the course of nine months which are geographically distributed across Japan. Two of the data sets were provided by the International Atomic Energy Agency [75] whereas the third data set from Safecast [144] represents...

  11. The Neuroscience Information Framework: A Data and Knowledge Environment for Neuroscience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Essen, David

    of Neurosciences, University of California, San Diego, CA 92093, USA Amarnath Gupta, San Diego Supercomputer Center

  12. PHENIX: Beyond 15 years of discovery

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Morrison, D.; Nagle, J. L.

    2015-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The PHENIX experiment at BNL’s Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) was designed to uncover properties of the quark–gluon plasma (QGP) via rare penetrating probes. Over the past 15 years, the collaboration has delivered on its promised measurements, often with exciting results beyond those originally foreseen. That the QGP behaves as a nearly perfect fluid and that non-photonic electrons are substantially suppressed has led to the use of heavy quarks as probes of the medium. The PHENIX silicon vertex detectors are opening a new arena for QGP studies, and the MPC-EX, a novel forward calorimeter with silicon readout, accesses low-x physicsmore »via direct photons with unprecedented precision. PHENIX has proposed sPHENIX, a major upgrade using the recently acquired BaBar solenoid and full calorimetric coverage and high rate capabilities. sPHENIX will reconstruct jets and extend observables to higher transverse momentum, where comparisons to results from the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) heavy-ion program will provide the most insightful. Following the RHIC program, the nuclear physics community has identified an electron ion collider (EIC) as crucial to the next generation of QCD investigations. The BaBar magnet and sPHENIX calorimetry will be an excellent foundation for a new collaborative pursuit of discovery.« less

  13. Discovery of a peculiar DQ white dwarf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Carollo; S. T. Hodgkin; A. Spagna; R. L. Smart; M. G. Lattanzi; B. J. McLean; D. J. Pinfield

    2002-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the discovery of a new carbon rich white dwarf that was identified during a proper motion survey for cool white dwarfs based on photographic material used for the construction of the Guide Star Catalog II. Its large proper motion (0.48 arcsec/yr) and faint apparent magnitude (V = 18.7) suggest a nearby object of low luminosity. A low-resolution spectrum taken with the William Herschel Telescope clearly shows strong C2 Deslandres-d'Azambuja and Swan bands, which identify the star as a DQ white dwarf. The strength of the Deslandres-d'Azambuja bands and the depression of the continuum in the Swan-band region are signs of enhanced carbon abundance for the given Teff. Comparison of our spectrophotometric data to published synthetic spectra suggests 6000 K < Teff < 8000 K although further analysis with specialized synthetic models appear necessary to derive both Teff and chemical composition. Finally, the range of spatial velocity estimated for this object makes it a likely member of the halo or thick disk population.

  14. Domain-specific Web Service Discovery with Service Class Descriptions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rocco, D; Caverlee, J; Liu, L; Critchlow, T J

    2005-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents DynaBot, a domain-specific web service discovery system. The core idea of the DynaBot service discovery system is to use domain-specific service class descriptions powered by an intelligent Deep Web crawler. In contrast to current registry-based service discovery systems--like the several available UDDI registries--DynaBot promotes focused crawling of the Deep Web of services and discovers candidate services that are relevant to the domain of interest. It uses intelligent filtering algorithms to match services found by focused crawling with the domain-specific service class descriptions. We demonstrate the capability of DynaBot through the BLAST service discovery scenario and describe our initial experience with DynaBot.

  15. Optimization of preclinical profiling operations in drug discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heiney, John P. (John Patrick)

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In early-stage drug discovery, thousands of compounds must be tested using in vitro assays to determine their exposure and safety characteristics. This data is used to guide the selection of potential drug candidates and ...

  16. Discovery of Isotopes of Elements with Z $\\ge$ 100

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Thoennessen

    2012-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently, 163 isotopes of elements with Z $\\ge$ 100 have been observed and the discovery of these isotopes is discussed here. For each isotope a brief synopsis of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  17. Endogenous Peptide Discovery of the Rat Circadian Clock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gillette, Martha U.

    rhythms, pain, hunger, feeding, and body weight regulation (1­4). Neuropeptides are produced from larger at ultrahigh mass accuracy (16) with a software pipeline designed for neuropeptide discovery. We use

  18. atlas discovery reach: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Status from ATLAS CERN Preprints Summary: An overview of the latest results of the Higgs boson search with the ATLAS experiment at the LHC, following its discovery, is presented....

  19. Exploration and Empire: Iconographic Evidence of Iberian Ships of Discovery 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bojakowski, Katie

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation research project focuses on maritime exploration during the Age of Discovery and the vessels that were the technological impetus for this dynamic era that ultimately led Christopher Columbus to the New ...

  20. Diverse Applications of Flow Technology in Discovery Chemistry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poole, Jennifer Lynn

    2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    the throughput, safety, and convenience of organic synthesis. The last two chapters describe the use of microfluidic technology as a platform for rapid reaction discovery. Working with researchers at Abbott Laboratories, a droplet-based library method...

  1. Germanium: From Its Discovery to SiGe Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haller, E.E.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    From Its Discovery to SiGe Devices E.E. Haller Department ofrapidly rising interest in SiGe alloys, we are just startingstrained and unstrained SiGe multilayer structures [58]. 9.

  2. Discovery Grant Program Awards, Listed by PI Last Name

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simaan, Nabil

    in the Desaguaero Basin, Bolivia #12;Discovery Grant Program Awards, Listed by PI Last Name 1999-Present Award Year facility 2000 (Spring 2000) Tom Weiler Physics & Astronomy Particle Astrophysics at Extreme Energies 2001

  3. How to Nurture Scientific Discoveries Despite Their Unpredictable Nature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loeb, Abraham

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The history of science reveals that major discoveries are not predictable. Naively, one might conclude therefore that it is not possible to artificially cultivate an environment that promotes discoveries. I suggest instead that open research without a programmatic agenda establishes a fertile ground for unexpected breakthroughs. Contrary to current practice, funding agencies should allocate a small fraction of their funds to support research in centers of excellence without programmatic reins tied to specific goals.

  4. Transfer Function Design for Scientific Discovery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jian Huang

    2008-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    As computation scales beyond terascale, the scientific problems under study through computing are increasingly pushing the boundaries of human knowledge about the physical world. It is more pivotal than ever to quickly and reliably extract new knowledge from these complex simulations of ultra scale. In this project, the PI expanded the traditional notion of transfer function, which maps physical quantities to visual cues via table look-ups, to include general temporal as well as multivariate patterns that can be described procedurally through specialty mini programming languages. Their efforts aimed at answering a perpetual question of fundamental importance. That is "what a visualization should show". Instead of waiting for application scientists to initiate the process, the team at University of Tennessee worked closely with scientists at ORNL in a proactive role to envision and design elegant, powerful, and reliable tools that a user can use to specify "what is interesting". Their new techniques include visualization operators that revolve around correlation and graph properties, relative patterns in statistical distribution, temporal regular expressions, concurrent attribute subspaces and traditional compound boolean range queries. The team also paid special attention to ensure that all visualization operators are inherently designed with great parallel scalability to handle tera-scale datasets in both homogeneous and heterogeneous environments. Success has been demonstrated with leading edge computational science areas include climate modeling, combustion and systems genetics.

  5. Gas adsorption on metal-organic frameworks

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Willis, Richard R. (Cary, IL); Low, John J. (Schaumburg, IL), Faheem, Syed A. (Huntley, IL); Benin, Annabelle I. (Oak Forest, IL); Snurr, Randall Q. (Evanston, IL); Yazaydin, Ahmet Ozgur (Evanston, IL)

    2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention involves the use of certain metal organic frameworks that have been treated with water or another metal titrant in the storage of carbon dioxide. The capacity of these frameworks is significantly increased through this treatment.

  6. Technology Enhanced Interaction Framework Kewalin Angkananon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Technology Enhanced Interaction Framework Kewalin Angkananon ECS University of Southampton interaction framework to help design technology to support communication between people and improve interactions between people, technology and objects, particularly in complex situations. A review of existing

  7. Feature identification framework and applications (FIFA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Audenaert, Michael Neal

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    collections that provides a general framework for applications while allowing decisions about the details of document representation and features identification to be deferred to domain specific implementations of that framework. These deferred decisions...

  8. Synthesizing framework uses from program behavior data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Zhilei

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents MATCHMAKER, a new synthesis tool that aims to help programmers use software frameworks by synthesizing source code needed to interact with the framework. Software engineers of today are constantly faced ...

  9. Towards a framework of nuclear competencies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ghitescu, P. [Univ. Politehnica Bucharest, Spl. Independentei 313, 060042 (Romania)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For the countries considering the introduction of a nuclear energy program, the management of human resources should be a part of the wider integrated management system in order to ensure long term safe and reliable operation. Nuclear energy strategy and approaches to human resources development should take into consideration such fundamental aspects as: development and implementation of a workforce plan, required competencies and qualifications, prerequisites for staffing a nuclear energy program, needed training programs and training facilities, qualification and training requirements. Development of common instruments that respond to the above needs and vision has lead to a new concept of European Credit System for Vocational Education and Training. The European Credit System for Vocational Education and Training (ECVET) is based on definition of 'learning outcomes ' in terms of knowledge, skills and competence, and on identification of portfolios of learning outcomes that allow an individual to prove competencies in a coherent manner. ECVET proposes a common understanding of basic definitions of education and training as well as of the new proposed concepts and it should be recognized by all employers in the EU. In this context, a number of 'Euratom Fission Training Schemes' (EFTS) have been launched in specific areas where a shortage of skilled professionals has been identified. In these schemes the competence building is the result of traditional education plus life-long learning, non-traditional learning, and other forms of educational experiences, relying, in particular, on border-less mobility to get acquainted with various sectors. Each particular Training Scheme should follow a similar path for the achievement of the designed learning outcomes (knowledge, skills, and attitudes). This path to the Training Scheme consists of different activities regarding: definition of training scheme learning outcomes and modules, assessment of prerequisites and student selection, student interview for development of individual training plan, start of the training activities under a specific training scheme. The introduction and recognition of ECVET will lead to a common taxonomy of competencies, and will provide also information about qualifications and units in numerical form, enabling mutual recognition of a training scheme. The description of the learning outcomes to be achieved for qualifying to a specific job profile may follow the analysis phase of the systematic approach to training (SAT). This would ensure a common tool, already used by all trainers. All these steps contribute to establishing of a framework of nuclear competencies recognized and accepted throughout member states. (authors)

  10. Framework for SCADA Security Policy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport inEnergy0.pdf Flash2010-60.pdf2 DOE March, 2015 TechnologyFramework for SCADA

  11. Discovery of single top quark production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gillberg, Dag

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The top quark is by far the heaviest known fundamental particle with a mass nearing that of a gold atom. Because of this strikingly high mass, the top quark has several unique properties and might play an important role in electroweak symmetry breaking - the mechanism that gives all elementary particles mass. Creating top quarks requires access to very high energy collisions, and at present only the Tevatron collider at Fermilab is capable of reaching these energies. Until now, top quarks have only been observed produced in pairs via the strong interaction. At hadron colliders, it should also be possible to produce single top quarks via the electroweak interaction. Studies of single top quark production provide opportunities to measure the top quark spin, how top quarks mix with other quarks, and to look for new physics beyond the standard model. Because of these interesting properties, scientists have been looking for single top quarks for more than 15 years. This thesis presents the first discovery of single top quark production. An analysis is performed using 2.3 fb{sup -1} of data recorded by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider at centre-of-mass energy {radical}s = 1.96 TeV. Boosted decision trees are used to isolate the single top signal from background, and the single top cross section is measured to be {sigma}(p{bar p} {yields} tb + X, tqb + X) = 3.74{sub -0.74}{sup +0.95} pb. Using the same analysis, a measurement of the amplitude of the CKM matrix element V{sub tb}, governing how top and b quarks mix, is also performed. The measurement yields: |V{sub tb}|f{sub 1}{sup L}| = 1.05{sub -0.12}{sup +0.13}, where f{sub 1}{sup L} is the left-handed Wtb coupling. The separation of signal from background is improved by combining the boosted decision trees with two other multivariate techniques. A new cross section measurement is performed, and the significance for the excess over the predicted background exceeds 5 standard deviations.

  12. Synthesis and Properties of Nano Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Properties of Nano Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks. Synthesis and Properties of Nano Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks. Abstract: Nano sized zeolitic imidazolate frameworks nZIF-8...

  13. Re-engineering knowledge networks for development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raghavan, Amrith, 1976-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the evolution of Internet based knowledge networks (e-knowledge networks) in the domain of sustainable development. The objective of this thesis is to use an engineering systems approach to understand ...

  14. [(CH3)4N][(C5H5NH)0.8((CH3)3NH)0.2]U2Si9O23F4 (USH-8): An Organically Templated Open-Framework Uranium Silicate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiqu

    -Framework Uranium Silicate Xiqu Wang, Jin Huang, and Allan J. Jacobson* Department of Chemistry, Uni to the discovery of a number of porous structures formed from both silicate tetrahedra and transition-metal-centered polyhedra.7-15 Recently we reported a series of porous vanadosilicate compounds that are based on silicate

  15. Transferring, Translating and Transforming: An Integrative Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlile, Paul

    2002-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Organizations must establish processes for managing knowledge across boundaries because of the specialized and task-dependent forms of knowledge required to deliver products and services. To address this challenge an ...

  16. Academic Knowledge Transfer in Social Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slater, Mark David

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    4.3 Digital Library Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . 4.43.1.1 Digital Libraries . . . . . . . . . . . .A Prototype Personal Digital Library Knowledge Transfer

  17. MASTER OF TECHNOLOGY IN KNOWLEDGE ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Sanjay

    MASTER OF TECHNOLOGY IN KNOWLEDGE ENGINEERING Become a Leader & INNOVATORin INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS treatment options. The Master of Technology in Knowledge Engineering will equip you with the skills) in Knowledge Engineering (KE) draws on the rich resources of the Institute of Systems Science (ISS

  18. IAI : Knowledge Representation John A. Bullinaria, 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bullinaria, John

    is a Knowledge Representation? 3. Requirements of a Knowledge Representation 4. Practical Aspects of Good5-5 Practical Aspects of Good Representations In practice, the theoretical requirements for good Dictionary provides as good a definition as any: knowledge, nolij, n. assured belief; that which is known

  19. Semantics in Support of Biodiversity Knowledge Discovery: An Introduction to the Biological Collections Ontology and Related Ontologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walls, Ramona L.; Deck, John; Guralnick, Robert P.; Baskauf, Steve; Beaman, Reed; Blum, Stanley; Bowers, Shawn; Buttigieg, Pier Luigi; Davies, Neil; Endressen, Dag; Gandolfo, Maria Alejandro; Hanner, Robert; Janning, Alyssa; Krishtalka, Leonard; Matsunaga, André a; Midford, Peter E.; Morrison, Norman; Tuama, É amonn Ó .; Schildhauer, Mark; Smith, Barry; Stucky, Brian J.; Thomer, Andrea; Wieczorek, John; Whitacre, Jamie; Wooley, John

    2014-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    they encompass studies of: 1) individual organisms, including voucher specimens from ecological studies and museum specimens, 2) bulk or environmental samples (e.g., gut contents, soil, water) that include DNA, other molecules, and potentially many organisms...

  20. Evidence for neutrino mass: A decade of discovery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heeger, Karsten M.

    2004-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Neutrino mass and mixing are amongst the major discoveries of recent years. From the observation of flavor change in solar and atmospheric neutrino experiments to the measurements of neutrino mixing with terrestrial neutrinos, recent experiments have provided consistent and compelling evidence for the mixing of massive neutrinos. The discoveries at Super-Kamiokande, SNO, and KamLAND have solved the long-standing solar neutrino problem and demand that we make the first significant revision of the Standard Model in decades. Searches for neutrinoless double-beta decay probe the particle nature of neutrinos and continue to place limits on the effective mass of the neutrino. Possible signs of neutrinoless double-beta decay will stimulate neutrino mass searches in the next decade and beyond. I review the recent discoveries in neutrino physics and the current evidence for massive neutrinos.

  1. The Discovery of the Higgs Boson: America's Role

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2014-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The discovery of the Higgs boson was an international endeavor, involving thousands of physicists from across the world. While the accelerator at which the experimental work was done is located on Europe, the US supplied more physicists than any other single country. America had a very large role in the discovery of the Higgs particle and continues to have a leading role in the ongoing studies of the boson's properties. This video describes some of the contributions of U.S. universities and laboratories.

  2. The Discovery of the Higgs Boson: America's Role

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2013-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The discovery of the Higgs boson was an international endeavor, involving thousands of physicists from across the world. While the accelerator at which the experimental work was done is located on Europe, the US supplied more physicists than any other single country. America had a very large role in the discovery of the Higgs particle and continues to have a leading role in the ongoing studies of the boson's properties. This video describes some of the contributions of U.S. universities and laboratories.

  3. Category 1: Epistemology (EPIST) Scientific knowledge is the most objective form of knowledge.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cobern, William W.

    ) Science helps develop our natural resources such as coal, gas, oil, and solar energy. Scientific knowledge today because of scientific knowledge. The development of our natural resources, such as coal, gas, oil knowledge is the truest form of knowledge. Alpha = 0.7475 Category 2: Scientific & the Economy (ECON

  4. 5x20 Matrix for Knowledge Management Lifecycle Based on the Five C's Model and a Critical Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    5x20 Matrix for Knowledge Management Lifecycle Based on the Five C's Model and a Critical Review the previous efforts that have investigated the models and frameworks of KM lifecycles. Furthermore of coming out and arising the five C's model to be adopted in organizations vis-Ă -vis other KM lifecycles

  5. Developpement WebFrameworks AJAX Developpement Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richer, Jean-Michel

    D´eveloppement WebFrameworks AJAX D´eveloppement Web Frameworks AJAX Jean-Michel Richer jean-michel.richer@univ-angers.fr http://www.info.univ-angers.fr/pub/richer 2009 1 / 27 #12;D´eveloppement WebFrameworks AJAX Objectif d´eveloppement Web et augmenter l'interactivit´e avec l'utilisateur 2 / 27 #12;D´eveloppement Web

  6. A Surrogate Management Framework Using Rigorous Trust ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Mar 24, 2011 ... gate management frameworks, both in algorithmic design and in the ... Part of this work was developed while this author was visiting.

  7. Energy Sector Cybersecurity Framework Implementation Guidance...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Technology (NIST) released a Cybersecurity Framework. DOE has collaborated with private sector stakeholders through the Electricity Subsector Coordinating Council (ESCC) and the...

  8. Draft Energy Sector Cybersecurity Framework Implementation Guidance...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Technology (NIST) released a Cybersecurity Framework. DOE has collaborated with private sector stakeholders through the Electricity Subsector Coordinating Council (ESCC) and the...

  9. Gas sensor incorporating a porous framework

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M.; Czaja, Alexander U.; Wang, Bo; Furukawa, Hiroyasu; Galatsis, Kosmas; Wang, Kang L.

    2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure provides sensor for gas sensing including CO.sub.2 gas sensors comprising a porous framework sensing area for binding an analyte gas.

  10. Computational modeling of metal-organic frameworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sung, Jeffrey Chuen-Fai; Sung, Jeffrey Chuen-Fai

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    11 1.3.1. Carbon Capture andOrganic Frameworks 1.3.1. Carbon Capture and Separation Theuseful materials for carbon capture and separation. In a

  11. A Robust Optimization Framework for Analyzing Distribution ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    a distribution system. We demonstrate that our proposed robust optimization framework is analyt- ically tractable and is computationally efficient for analyzing

  12. Energy Sector Cybersecurity Framework Implementation Guidance

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    JANUARY 2015 ENERGY SECTOR CYBERSECURITY FRAMEWORK IMPLEMENTATION GUIDANCE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF ELECTRICITY DELIVERY AND ENERGY RELIABILITY Energy Sector...

  13. A Conceptual Framework for Progressing Towards Sustainability...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Progressing Towards Sustainability in the Agriculture and Food Sector Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: A Conceptual Framework for Progressing Towards...

  14. Sandia National Laboratories: CAEBAT computational framework

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sandia received funding for its "Mechanistic Modeling Framework for Predicting Extreme Battery Response: Coupled Hierarchical Models for Thermal, Mechanical, Electrical and...

  15. Preparation of metal-catecholate frameworks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yaghi, Omar M.; Gandara-Barragan, Felipe; Lu, Zheng; Wan, Shun

    2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure provides for metal catecholate frameworks, and methods of use thereof, including gas separation, gas storage, catalysis, tunable conductors, supercapacitors, and sensors.

  16. Gas sensor incorporating a porous framework

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M; Czaja, Alexander U; Wang, Bo; Galatsis, Kosmas; Wang, Kang L; Furukawa, Hiroyasu

    2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure provides sensor for gas sensing including CO.sub.2 gas sensors comprising a porous framework sensing area for binding an analyte gas.

  17. A modeling framework for investment planning in interdependent infrastructures in multi-hazard environments.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Nathanael J. K.; Gearhart, Jared Lee; Jones, Dean A.; Nozick, Linda Karen; Prince, Michael

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently, much of protection planning is conducted separately for each infrastructure and hazard. Limited funding requires a balance of expenditures between terrorism and natural hazards based on potential impacts. This report documents the results of a Laboratory Directed Research&Development (LDRD) project that created a modeling framework for investment planning in interdependent infrastructures focused on multiple hazards, including terrorism. To develop this framework, three modeling elements were integrated: natural hazards, terrorism, and interdependent infrastructures. For natural hazards, a methodology was created for specifying events consistent with regional hazards. For terrorism, we modeled the terrorist's actions based on assumptions regarding their knowledge, goals, and target identification strategy. For infrastructures, we focused on predicting post-event performance due to specific terrorist attacks and natural hazard events, tempered by appropriate infrastructure investments. We demonstrate the utility of this framework with various examples, including protection of electric power, roadway, and hospital networks.

  18. Theory Revision in Equation Discovery Ljupco Todorovski and Saso Dzeroski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dzeroski, Saso

    . Section 5 presents the experiments with revising the earth-science equation model. The last sectionTheory Revision in Equation Discovery Ljupco Todorovski and Saso Dzeroski Department of Intelligent than from an initial hypothesis in the space of equations. On the other hand, theory revision systems

  19. Backbone Discovery In Thick Wireless Linear Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jie

    , lower energy consumption, as well as larger storage and communication capacities. In addition and provided a classification and motivation for designing networking protocols that can take advantage, energy consumption, and network lifetime. In this paper, we provide a topology discovery protocol

  20. Automated Discovery of Structural Signatures of Protein Fold and Function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muggleton, Stephen H.

    Automated Discovery of Structural Signatures of Protein Fold and Function Marcel Turcotte1 sys- tematically for protein fold signatures, we have explored the use of Inductive Logic Programming fold. The work showed that signatures of protein folds exist, about half of rules discov- ered

  1. Minnesota Discovery, Research and InnoVation Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanchette, Robert A.

    and surveillance for existing and emerging plant, human and animal pathogens Novel food processing10/16/12 1 Minnesota Discovery, Research and InnoVation Economy (MnDRIVE) Board of Regents October the challenges and capture the opportunities for MN 4. What difference can we make? Catalyze innovation, empower

  2. Transmission Power Adaptation Based Energy Efficient Neighborhood Discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Transmission Power Adaptation Based Energy Efficient Neighborhood Discovery Jovan Radak, Nathalie such as optimization of energy consumption, connectivity of the WSN, routing in mobile networks and many more. Nodes Mitton INRIA Lille - Nord Europe, France, firstname.lastname.mitton@inria.fr Abstract--Neighborhood

  3. Node discovery and replacement using mobile Kalypso Magklara1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Node discovery and replacement using mobile robot Kalypso Magklara1 , Dimitrios Zorbas1 and Tahiry, that discovers the nodes around it and replaces the active nodes, whose energy is drained, by fully charged and that decide, which nodes to replace. We simulate our algorithms and our findings show that all nodes that fail

  4. NASA Exploration and Innovation Lead to New Discoveries Five heavyweight

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waliser, Duane E.

    NASA Exploration and Innovation Lead to New Discoveries Five heavyweight lifting-body designs 1960 1961 1962 19641963 1965 1966 1967 1968 19691959 Lifting Bodies 1962-1975 Gemini 1962 disposal. Weather Satellites 1960-Present NASA launched the first Television Infrared

  5. Discovery of the actinium, thorium, protactinium, and uranium isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Fry; M. Thoennessen

    2012-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently, 31 actinium, 31 thorium, 28 protactinium, and 23 uranium isotopes have so far been observed; the discovery of these isotopes is discussed. For each isotope a brief summary of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  6. An Event Set Approach to Sequence Discovery in Medical Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Diane J.

    are many. With advances in medical technology have come many methods for treating such illnesses. AnalysisAn Event Set Approach to Sequence Discovery in Medical Data Jorge C. G. Ramirez1,2 , Diane J. Cook1, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA 75235-9103 dpeter@mednet.swmed.edu Contact

  7. Rigor Through the Lens of Drug Discovery and Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    flavors of incentives: economic, social, and moral. · Academic and Industrial cultures/ incentivesRigor Through the Lens of Drug Discovery and Development · The game · Culture and incentives · Our and development? · Resources: Money, time, and access to multiple non-academic skill sets · Incentives/ Culture

  8. Clustering WSDL Documents to Bootstrap the Discovery of Web Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clustering WSDL Documents to Bootstrap the Discovery of Web Services Khalid Elgazzar, Ahmed E}@cs.queensu.ca Abstract--The increasing use of the Web for everyday tasks is making Web services an essential part of the Internet customer's daily life. Users query the Internet for a required Web service and get back a set

  9. Piton Peaks, St. Lucia 515 Caribbean Discovery V1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connor, Ed

    · · · · · #12;V1 Piton Peaks, St. Lucia 515 Caribbean Discovery V1 PRSRTSTD U.S.POSTAGE PERMIT cruise the turquoise waters of the Caribbean. Sail from Miami to the beautiful island of Tortola, home beaches, and explore colorful towns as you discover the Caribbean. Cruise to celebrated ports aboard

  10. AVMON: Optimal and Scalable Discovery of Consistent Availability Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Indranil

    AVMON: Optimal and Scalable Discovery of Consistent Availability Monitoring Overlays--This paper proposes to build overlays that help in the monitoring of long-term availability histories of such an availability monitoring overlay. We motivate six significant goals for these problems--the first three goals

  11. A Directionality based Location Discovery Scheme for Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ha, Dong S.

    A Directionality based Location Discovery Scheme for Wireless Sensor Networks Asis Nasipuri and Kai is a large ad hoc network of densely dis- tributed sensors that are equipped with low power wireless number of such wireless sensors can be networked to coordinate amongst themselves and per- form the much

  12. THE DISCOVERY OF LOWER ACICULAR FERRITE 10.1 INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    CHAPTER 10 THE DISCOVERY OF LOWER ACICULAR FERRITE 10.1 INTRODUCTION There is general agreement that a weld microstructure primarily containing acicu- lar ferrite will exhibit high strength and excellent of allotriomorphic ferrite, ferrite plates with aligned carbides, or grain-boundary nucleated bainite is considered

  13. DISCOVERY OF MUTATED SUBNETWORKS ASSOCIATED WITH CLINICAL DATA IN CANCER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raphael, Ben J.

    DISCOVERY OF MUTATED SUBNETWORKS ASSOCIATED WITH CLINICAL DATA IN CANCER FABIO VANDIN, PATRICK CLAY,pclay,eli,braphael}@cs.brown.edu A major goal of cancer sequencing projects is to identify genetic alterations that determine clinical phenotypes, such as survival time or drug response. Somatic mutations in cancer are typically very diverse

  14. Discovery of dysprosium, holmium, erbium, thulium, and ytterbium isotopes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fry, C.; Thoennessen, M., E-mail: thoennessen@nscl.msu.edu

    2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently, thirty-one dysprosium, thirty-two holmium, thirty-two erbium, thirty-three thulium, and thirty-one ytterbium isotopes have been observed and the discovery of these isotopes is described here. For each isotope a brief synopsis of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  15. Discovery of palladium, antimony, tellurium, iodine, and xenon isotopes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kathawa, J.; Fry, C.; Thoennessen, M., E-mail: thoennessen@nscl.msu.edu

    2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently, thirty-eight palladium, thirty-eight antimony, thirty-nine tellurium, thirty-eight iodine, and forty xenon isotopes have been observed and the discovery of these isotopes is described here. For each isotope a brief synopsis of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  16. Discovery of the astatine, radon, francium, and radium isotopes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fry, C.; Thoennessen, M., E-mail: thoennessen@nscl.msu.edu

    2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Thirty-nine astatine, thirty-nine radon, thirty-five francium, and thirty-four radium isotopes have so far been observed; the discovery of these isotopes is described. For each isotope a brief summary of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  17. Discovery of samarium, europium, gadolinium, and terbium isotopes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    May, E.; Thoennessen, M., E-mail: thoennessen@nscl.msu.edu

    2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently, thirty-four samarium, thirty-four europium, thirty-one gadolinium, and thirty-one terbium isotopes have been observed and the discovery of these isotopes is described here. For each isotope a brief synopsis of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  18. A MACHINE LEARNING APPROACH TO BIOCHEMICAL REACTION RULES DISCOVERY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    perspective and from the Systems Biology perspective. In this paper, we report on the machine learning systemA MACHINE LEARNING APPROACH TO BIOCHEMICAL REACTION RULES DISCOVERY Laurence Calzone, Nathalie to the design of new automated reasoning tools for biologists/modelers. The Biochemical Abstract machine BIOCHAM

  19. Discovery of Yttrium, Zirconium, Niobium, Technetium, and Ruthenium Isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Nystrom; M. Thoennessen

    2011-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently, thirty-four yttrium, thirty-five zirconium, thirty-four niobium, thirty-five technetium, and thirty-eight ruthenium isotopes have been observed and the discovery of these isotopes is discussed here. For each isotope a brief synopsis of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  20. Discovery of Yttrium, Zirconium, Niobium, Technetium, and Ruthenium Isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nystrom, A

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently, thirty-four yttrium, thirty-five zirconium, thirty-four niobium, thirty-five technetium, and thirty-eight ruthenium isotopes have been observed and the discovery of these isotopes is discussed here. For each isotope a brief synopsis of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  1. Discovery of Scandium, Titanium, Mercury, and Einsteinium Isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Meierfrankenfeld; A. Bury; M. Thoennessen

    2010-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently, twenty-three scandium, twenty-five titanium, forty mercury and seventeen einsteinium isotopes have been observed and the discovery of these isotopes is discussed here. For each isotope a brief synopsis of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  2. Optimization of a Neutrino Factory: Discovery Machine versus Precision Instrument

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter Winter

    2007-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the optimization of a neutrino factory experiment for the purpose of sin^2(2theta_13), mass hierarchy, and CP violation discoveries. This includes a review of possible optimization strategies, as well as an application of these to different sin^2(2theta_13) regions.

  3. SophomoreYearChecklist Meet with your Discovery A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    on selecting courses that learning style. Meet with the Discovery academic advisor, located in the CIW Library advantage of study abroad programs or the National Student Exchange at http://oip.binghamton.edu or http and take an active role in them. #12;

  4. A Decentralized Approach for Topology Discovery in Home Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yeom, Ikjun

    -- As electronic home appliances become smart, there have been many attempts to connect these appliances home appliances become smart, there have been many attempts to connect these appliances with a networkA Decentralized Approach for Topology Discovery in Home Networks Euiyul Ko and Ikjun Yeom Abstract

  5. Discovery of Samarium, Europium, Gadolinium, and Terbium Isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. May; M. Thoennessen

    2012-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently, thirty-four samarium, thirty-four europium, thirty-one gadolinium, and thirty-one terbium isotopes have been observed and the discovery of these isotopes is discussed here. For each isotope a brief synopsis of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  6. Discovery of Samarium, Europium, Gadolinium, and Terbium Isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    May, E

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently, thirty-four samarium, thirty-four europium, thirty-one gadolinium, and thirty-one terbium isotopes have been observed and the discovery of these isotopes is discussed here. For each isotope a brief synopsis of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  7. Integrating Bioinformatics, Medical Sciences and Drug Discovery M. Madan Babu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babu, M. Madan

    .com Bioinformatics Bioinformatics, a term coined for the applications of computer science in biology is now emerging., Bioinformatics plays an important role for the integration of broad disciplines of Biology to understandIntegrating Bioinformatics, Medical Sciences and Drug Discovery M. Madan Babu Centre

  8. M.S. ABDULLAH, I. BENEST, A. EVANS, and C. KIMBLE, Knowledge Modelling Techniques For Developing Knowledge Management Systems, 3rd European Conference on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimble, Chris

    modelling, knowledge management, knowledge management system, knowledge, knowledge engineering. 1M.S. ABDULLAH, I. BENEST, A. EVANS, and C. KIMBLE, Knowledge Modelling Techniques For Developing Knowledge Management Systems, 3rd European Conference on Knowledge Management, Dublin, Ireland, September

  9. The OME Framework for genome-scale systems biology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Palsson, Bernhard O.; Ebrahim, Ali; Federowicz, Steve

    2014-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The life sciences are undergoing continuous and accelerating integration with computational and engineering sciences. The biology that many in the field have been trained on may be hardly recognizable in ten to twenty years. One of the major drivers for this transformation is the blistering pace of advancements in DNA sequencing and synthesis. These advances have resulted in unprecedented amounts of new data, information, and knowledge. Many software tools have been developed to deal with aspects of this transformation and each is sorely needed [1-3]. However, few of these tools have been forced to deal with the full complexity of genome-scale models along with high throughput genome- scale data. This particular situation represents a unique challenge, as it is simultaneously necessary to deal with the vast breadth of genome-scale models and the dizzying depth of high-throughput datasets. It has been observed time and again that as the pace of data generation continues to accelerate, the pace of analysis significantly lags behind [4]. It is also evident that, given the plethora of databases and software efforts [5-12], it is still a significant challenge to work with genome-scale metabolic models, let alone next-generation whole cell models [13-15]. We work at the forefront of model creation and systems scale data generation [16-18]. The OME Framework was borne out of a practical need to enable genome-scale modeling and data analysis under a unified framework to drive the next generation of genome-scale biological models. Here we present the OME Framework. It exists as a set of Python classes. However, we want to emphasize the importance of the underlying design as an addition to the discussions on specifications of a digital cell. A great deal of work and valuable progress has been made by a number of communities [13, 19-24] towards interchange formats and implementations designed to achieve similar goals. While many software tools exist for handling genome-scale metabolic models or for genome-scale data analysis, no implementations exist that explicitly handle data and models concurrently. The OME Framework structures data in a connected loop with models and the components those models are composed of. This results in the first full, practical implementation of a framework that can enable genome-scale design-build-test. Over the coming years many more software packages will be developed and tools will necessarily change. However, we hope that the underlying designs shared here can help to inform the design of future software.

  10. Demand Response Valuation Frameworks Paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heffner, Grayson

    2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    While there is general agreement that demand response (DR) is a valued component in a utility resource plan, there is a lack of consensus regarding how to value DR. Establishing the value of DR is a prerequisite to determining how much and what types of DR should be implemented, to which customers DR should be targeted, and a key determinant that drives the development of economically viable DR consumer technology. Most approaches for quantifying the value of DR focus on changes in utility system revenue requirements based on resource plans with and without DR. This ''utility centric'' approach does not assign any value to DR impacts that lower energy and capacity prices, improve reliability, lower system and network operating costs, produce better air quality, and provide improved customer choice and control. Proper valuation of these benefits requires a different basis for monetization. The review concludes that no single methodology today adequately captures the wide range of benefits and value potentially attributed to DR. To provide a more comprehensive valuation approach, current methods such as the Standard Practice Method (SPM) will most likely have to be supplemented with one or more alternative benefit-valuation approaches. This report provides an updated perspective on the DR valuation framework. It includes an introduction and four chapters that address the key elements of demand response valuation, a comprehensive literature review, and specific research recommendations.

  11. Data structures and apparatuses for representing knowledge

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hohimer, Ryan E; Thomson, Judi R; Harvey, William J; Paulson, Patrick R; Whiting, Mark A; Tratz, Stephen C; Chappell, Alan R; Butner, Robert S

    2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Data structures and apparatuses to represent knowledge are disclosed. The processes can comprise labeling elements in a knowledge signature according to concepts in an ontology and populating the elements with confidence values. The data structures can comprise knowledge signatures stored on computer-readable media. The knowledge signatures comprise a matrix structure having elements labeled according to concepts in an ontology, wherein the value of the element represents a confidence that the concept is present in an information space. The apparatus can comprise a knowledge representation unit having at least one ontology stored on a computer-readable medium, at least one data-receiving device, and a processor configured to generate knowledge signatures by comparing datasets obtained by the data-receiving devices to the ontologies.

  12. Supporting Knowledge Transfer through Decomposable Reasoning Artifacts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pike, William A.; May, Richard A.; Turner, Alan E.

    2007-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Technology to support knowledge transfer and cooperative inquiry must offer its users the ability to effectively interpret knowledge structures produced by collaborators. Communicating the reasoning processes that underlie a finding is one method for enhancing interpretation, and can result in more effective evaluation and application of shared knowledge. In knowledge management tools, interpretation is aided by creating knowledge artifacts that can expose their provenance to scrutiny and that can be transformed into diverse representations that suit their consumers’ perspectives and preferences. We outline the information management needs of inquiring communities characterized by hypothesis generation tasks, and propose a model for communication, based in theories of hermeneutics, semiotics, and abduction, in which knowledge structures can be decomposed into the lower-level reasoning artifacts that produced them. We then present a proof-of-concept implementation for an environment to support the capture and communication of analytic products, with emphasis on the domain of intelligence analysis.

  13. Cellular Energy Efficiency Evaluation Framework (Invited Paper)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stevenson, Paul

    Cellular Energy Efficiency Evaluation Framework (Invited Paper) Gunther Auer, Vito Giannini, Istv, the power consumption of the entire system needs to be captured and an appropriate energy efficiency evaluation frameworks are discussed, such that the energy efficiency of the entire network comprising

  14. Freight Analysis Framework version 3 (FAF3)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freight Analysis Framework version 3 (FAF3) Oak Ridge National Laboratory managed by UT Technologies Research Brief T he Freight Analysis Framework version 3 (FAF3) database is a Federal Highway data to enable users to perform train analysis. FAF3 Geography Figure 1 shows the analysis regions

  15. A FRAMEWORK FOR MEASURING SUPERCOMPUTER PRODUCTIVITY1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bader, David A.

    A FRAMEWORK FOR MEASURING SUPERCOMPUTER PRODUCTIVITY1 10/30/2003 Marc Snir2 and David A. Bader3 Abstract We propose a framework for measuring the productivity of High Performance Computing (HPC) systems, based on common economic definitions of productivity and on Utility Theory. We discuss how

  16. A Transmission Control Framework Continuous Media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitton, Mary C.

    Rights Reserved #12;ABSTRACT A Transmission Control Framework for Continuous Media (Under the directionA Transmission Control Framework for Continuous Media by Terry Michael Talley A dissertation by integrating real-time two-way audio and video with the computer system. Unfortunately, the quality of video

  17. Porous Materials -Metal-Organic Frameworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsymbal, Evgeny Y.

    ShellsSnow Coral SoilBoneLungs Lemons #12;Artificial Porous Materials Insulation Cake Concrete BreadPorous Materials -Metal-Organic Frameworks 2012 Nanocamp NCMN, UNL Dr. Jian Zhang & Jacob Johnson-organic Frameworks Porous polymer networks #12;Porous Materials in Nature Sandstones Sea Sponge Butterfly Wings Egg

  18. Cambridge University Library Collection Development Policy framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    importance by stating that it will continue its cultural heritage role as a National Research LibraryCambridge University Library Collection Development Policy framework 1. Scope This policy is intended as a framework to guide collection development in Cambridge University Library and its affiliated

  19. Bibliography on Logical Frameworks Frank Pfenning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pfenning, Frank

    is a formal meta-language for deductive systems. The pri* *mary tasks sup- ported in logical frameworks, New Jersey, Jul* *y 1996. IEEE Computer Society Press. [7]Penny Anderson. Program Derivation as Technical Report CMU-CS-93-206. [8]Penny Anderson. Program extraction in a logical framework setting

  20. The Assessment of Evidence in the Discovery of a Higgs Boson David A. van Dyk*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    The Assessment of Evidence in the Discovery of a Higgs Boson David A. van Dyk* Imperial College London, United Kingdom dvandyk@imperial.ac.uk The 2012-2013 discovery of a Higgs boson filled the last in a 40-year search that culminated in the discovery of a Higgs boson. This talk reviews these statistical

  1. Hydrothermal Exploration Best Practices and Geothermal Knowledge...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    on Openei Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Hydrothermal Exploration Best Practices and Geothermal Knowledge Exchange on Openei...

  2. Central Characterization Program (CCP), Acceptable Knowledge...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    for Los Alamos National Laboratory, TA-55 Mixed Transuranic Waste Streams Central Characterization Program (CCP), Acceptable Knowledge Summary Report for Los Alamos National...

  3. Knowledge and Skill Representations for Robotized Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malec, Jacek

    : Model-based control, Knowledge representation, System architectures, Autonomous control, Industrial robots 1. INTRODUCTION Model-based systems in control are a means to utilize effi- ciently human

  4. Multimedia Knowledge Integration, Summarization and Evaluation Ana B. Benitez

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Shih-Fu

    Multimedia Knowledge Integration, Summarization and Evaluation Ana B. Benitez Department multimedia knowledge. These are essential for multimedia applications to efficiently and coherently deal with multimedia knowledge at different abstraction levels such as perceptual and semantic knowledge (e.g., image

  5. Learning Energy Demand Domain Knowledge via Feature Transformation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Povinelli, Richard J.

    Learning Energy Demand Domain Knowledge via Feature Transformation Sanzad Siddique Department -- Domain knowledge is an essential factor for forecasting energy demand. This paper introduces a method knowledge substantially improves energy demand forecasting accuracy. However, domain knowledge may differ

  6. A Conceptual Quality Framework for Volunteered Geographic Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ballatore, Andrea; Zipf, Alexander

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    folksonomies. Data & Knowledge Engineering, 74, 13–25. [29]ontologies. Data & Knowledge Engineering, 55 (1), 84–102. [

  7. A Knowledge-Engine Architecture for a Competence Management Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimble, Chris

    A Knowledge-Engine Architecture for a Competence Management Information System José Braga de to develop a knowledge-engine architecture that is being specified and developed by a Portuguese software Engineering, Knowledge Management, Knowledge-Engine, Ontology Design, Organizational Knowledge #12;A Knowledge-Engine

  8. CHAPTER 5 KNOWLEDGE BASE ISSUES 5.1 Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Connor, Rory

    areas of knowledge engineering and knowledge representation are introduced, and the issues of choosing are investigated. 5.2 Knowledge Engineering The term Knowledge Engineering is now commonly used to describe the process of Knowledge Based System (KBS) development. Knowledge engineering includes [Smith, 96

  9. Applied knowledge to meet society's needs.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langendoen, Koen

    Applied knowledge to meet society's needs. Applied Physics covers phenomena ranging from knowledge and hands-on experience in experimental techniques, theoretical analysis, simulation and modelling of radiation. The focus of the research is on energy and health. While the topics addressed ­ covering

  10. Knowledge representation in process engineering Ulrike Sattler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baader, Franz

    Knowledge representation in process engineering Ulrike Sattler RWTH Aachen, uli, the tasks we are concerned with in process engineering are described as well as how knowledge representation@cantor.informatik.rwth­aachen.de Abstract Process engineering is surely no pure con­ figuration application, but modeling the structure

  11. Rural Knowledge Clusters: Implications for Minnesota State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinson, David M.

    communities face tremendous challenges in adapting to a knowledge-based global economy. The "knowledge economy to innovate. Traditional rural economic staples are under growing pressure due to globalization of markets, and diseconomies of scale and outmigration hinder adjustment in the rural economy. Consequently a growing gap

  12. OBJECTIVES OF THE EDINBURGH KNOWLEDGE ENVIRONMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    OBJECTIVES OF THE EDINBURGH KNOWLEDGE ENVIRONMENT PARTNERSHIP The University of Edinburgh, Heriot and natural environment. The Edinburgh Knowledge Environment Partnership will thus provide a unique research between key stakeholders in the built and natural environment and to reach out in assisting

  13. A Product Software Knowledge Infrastructure for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    1 A Product Software Knowledge Infrastructure for Situational Capability Maturation: Vision and Case Studies in Product Management Inge van de Weerd, Johan Versendaal and Sjaak Brinkkemper Department-3275 #12;2 A Product Software Knowledge Infrastructure for Situational Capability Maturation: Vision

  14. KNOWLEDGE WEB: REALISING THE SEMANTIC WEB... ALL THE WAY TO KNOWLEDGE ENHANCED MULTIMEDIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    KNOWLEDGE WEB: REALISING THE SEMANTIC WEB... ALL THE WAY TO KNOWLEDGE ENHANCED MULTIMEDIA DOCUMENTS benefit knowledge-enhanced multimedia applications. 1. Introduction The current World Wide Web (WWW) is without some pre-existing, human- created agreements outside the web. This applies to multimedia documents

  15. The LHC Higgs Boson Discovery: Implications for Finite Unified Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Heinemeyer; M. Mondragon; G. Zoupanos

    2014-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Finite Unified Theories (FUTs) are N = 1 supersymmetric Grand Unified Theories (GUTs) which can be made finite to all-loop orders, based on the principle of reduction of couplings, and therefore are provided with a large predictive power. We confront the predictions of an SU(5) FUT with the top and bottom quark masses and other low-energy experimental constraints, resulting in a relatively heavy SUSY spectrum, naturally consistent with the non-observation of those particles at the LHC. The light Higgs boson mass is automatically predicted in the range compatible with the Higgs discovery at the LHC. Requiring a light Higgs-boson mass in the precise range of M_h = 125.6 +- 2.1 GeV favors the lower part of the allowed spectrum, resulting in clear predictions for the discovery potential at current and future pp, as well as future e+e- colliders.

  16. Experimental Discovery of Topological Insulators and Related Superconductors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hasan, M. Zahid (Princeton) [Princeton

    2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Most quantum states of condensed matter are categorized by the symmetries they break. The remarkable discovery of charge Quantum Hall effects (1980s) revealed that there exists an organizational principle of matter based only on the topological distinctions, but in the presence of time-reversal symmetry breaking. In the past few years, theoretical developments suggest that new classes of topological states of matter might exist that are purely topological in nature in the sense that they do not break time-reversal symmetry, and hence can be realized without any applied magnetic field: "Quantum Hall-like effects without Magnetic Fields." This talk describes our discovery of new topologically ordered states of matter (topological insulators) and discusses the unusual electro-magnetic, spin, and superconducting properties this novel phase of quantum matter might exhibit and their potential applications.

  17. Directional Bias and Pheromone for Discovery and Coverage on Networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fink, Glenn A.; Berenhaut, Kenneth S.; Oehmen, Christopher S.

    2012-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Natural multi-agent systems often rely on “correlated random walks” (random walks that are biased toward a current heading) to distribute their agents over a space (e.g., for foraging, search, etc.). Our contribution involves creation of a new movement and pheromone model that applies the concept of heading bias in random walks to a multi-agent, digital-ants system designed for cyber-security monitoring. We examine the relative performance effects of both pheromone and heading bias on speed of discovery of a target and search-area coverage in a two-dimensional network layout. We found that heading bias was unexpectedly helpful in reducing search time and that it was more influential than pheromone for improving coverage. We conclude that while pheromone is very important for rapid discovery, heading bias can also greatly improve both performance metrics.

  18. Discovery of a Potent And Selective Aurora Kinase Inhibitor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oslob, J.D.; Romanowski, M.J.; Allen, D.A.; Baskaran, S.; Bui, M.; Elling, R.A.; Flanagan, W.M.; Fung, A.D.; Hanan, E.J.; Harris, S.; Heumann, S.A.; Hoch, U.; Jacobs, J.W.; Lam, J.; Lawrence, C.E.; McDowell, R.S.; Nannini, M.A.; Shen, W.; Silverman, J.A.; Sopko, M.M.; Tangonan, B.T.

    2009-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This communication describes the discovery of a novel series of Aurora kinase inhibitors. Key SAR and critical binding elements are discussed. Some of the more advanced analogues potently inhibit cellular proliferation and induce phenotypes consistent with Aurora kinase inhibition. In particular, compound 21 (SNS-314) is a potent and selective Aurora kinase inhibitor that exhibits significant activity in pre-clinical in vivo tumor models.

  19. Kids at Camp Discovery Bond Over Building Electric Vehicle

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Each year, about 150 kids gather during the summer at Camp Discovery in Kerrville, Texas, to learn new things and have fun. But this isn't an ordinary summer camp — the attendees, ages seven to 16, all have been diagnosed with cancer. During the course of a week, campers get a great learning experience, but they also have the opportunity to talk about their experiences.

  20. Frontiers for Discovery in High Energy Density Physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davidson, R. C.; Katsouleas, T.; Arons, J.; Baring, M.; Deeney, C.; Di Mauro, L.; Ditmire, T.; Falcone, R.; Hammer, D.; Hill, W.; Jacak, B.; Joshi, C.; Lamb, F.; Lee, R.; Logan, B. G.; Melissinos, A.; Meyerhofer, D.; Mori, W.; Murnane, M.; Remington, B.; Rosner, R.; Schneider, D.; Silvera, I.; Stone, J.; Wilde, B.; Zajc. W.

    2004-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The report is intended to identify the compelling research opportunities of high intellectual value in high energy density physics. The opportunities for discovery include the broad scope of this highly interdisciplinary field that spans a wide range of physics areas including plasma physics, laser and particle beam physics, nuclear physics, astrophysics, atomic and molecular physics, materials science and condensed matter physics, intense radiation-matter interaction physics, fluid dynamics, and magnetohydrodynamics

  1. DISCOVERY OF FAST, LARGE-AMPLITUDE OPTICAL VARIABILITY OF V648 Car (=SS73-17)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Angeloni, R. [Departamento de Astronomia y Astrofisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Vicuna Mackenna 4860, 7820436 Macul, Santiago (Chile); Di Mille, F. [Sydney Institute for Astronomy, The University of Sydney, 44-70 Rosehill Street, Redfern, NSW 2016 (Australia); Ferreira Lopes, C. E. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica e Experimental, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Campus Universitario, Lagoa Nova, CEP 59078-970 Natal/RN (Brazil); Masetti, N., E-mail: rangelon@astro.puc.cl, E-mail: fdimille@aao.gov.au, E-mail: carlos_eduardo@dfte.ufrn.br, E-mail: masetti@iasfbo.inaf.it [INAF-Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica di Bologna, via Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna (Italy)

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the discovery of large-amplitude flickering from V648 Car (= SS73-17), a poorly studied object listed among the very few hard X-ray-emitting symbiotic stars. We performed millimagnitude precision optical photometry with the Swope Telescope at the Las Campanas Observatory, Chile, and found that V648 Car shows large U-band variability over timescales of minutes. To our knowledge, it exhibits some of the largest flickering of a symbiotic star ever reported. Our finding supports the hypothesis that symbiotic white dwarfs producing hard X-rays are predominantly powered by accretion, rather than quasi-steady nuclear burning, and have masses close to the Chandrasekhar limit. No significant periodicity is evident from the flickering light curve. The All Sky Automated Survey long-term V light curve suggests the presence of a tidally distorted giant accreting via Roche lobe overflow, and a binary period of {approx}520 days. On the basis of the outstanding physical properties of V648 Car as hinted at by its fast and long-term optical variability, as well as by its nature as a hard X-ray emitter, we therefore call for simultaneous follow-up observations in different bands, ideally combined with time-resolved optical spectroscopy.

  2. DISCOVERY OF FIVE NEW PULSARS IN ARCHIVAL DATA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mickaliger, M. B.; Collins, A.; Hough, L.; Tehrani, N.; Tenney, C.; Liska, A.; Swiggum, J.; Lorimer, D. R.; McLaughlin, M. A.; Boyles, J. [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506 (United States)

    2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Reprocessing of the Parkes Multibeam Pulsar Survey has resulted in the discovery of five previously unknown pulsars and several as-yet-unconfirmed candidates. PSR J0922-52 has a period of 9.68 ms and a dispersion measure (DM) of 122.4 pc cm{sup -3}. PSR J1147-66 has a period of 3.72 ms and a DM of 133.8 pc cm{sup -3}. PSR J1227-6208 has a period of 34.53 ms, a DM of 362.6 pc cm{sup -3}, is in a 6.7 day binary orbit, and was independently detected in an ongoing high-resolution Parkes survey by Thornton et al. and also in independent processing by Einstein-Home volunteers. PSR J1546-59 has a period of 7.80 ms and a DM of 168.3 pc cm{sup -3}. PSR J1725-3853 is an isolated 4.79 ms pulsar with a DM of 158.2 pc cm{sup -3}. These pulsars were likely missed in earlier processing efforts due to the fact that they have both high DMs and short periods, and also due to the large number of candidates that needed to be looked through. These discoveries suggest that further pulsars are awaiting discovery in the multibeam survey data.

  3. Discovery of a candidate inner Oort cloud planetoid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael E. Brown; Chadwick Trujillo; David Rabinowitz

    2004-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the discovery of the minor planet 2003 VB12 (popularly named Sedna), the most distant object ever seen in the solar system. Pre-discovery images from 2001, 2002, and 2003 have allowed us to refine the orbit sufficiently to conclude that 2003 VB12 is on a highly eccentric orbit which permanently resides well beyond the Kuiper belt with a semimajor axis of 480$\\pm$40 AU and a perihelion of 76$\\pm$4AU. Such an orbit is unexpected in our current understanding of the solar system, but could be the result of scattering by a yet-to-be-discovered planet, perturbation by an anomalously close stellar encounter, or formation of the solar system within a cluster of stars. In all of these cases a significant additional population is likely present, and in the two most likely cases 2003 VB12 is best considered a member of the inner Oort cloud, which then extends to much smaller semimajor axes than previously expected. Continued discovery and orbital characterization of objects in this inner Oort cloud will verify the genesis of this unexpected population.

  4. An Argument for Knowledge Variety in Evidence-Based Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martelli, Peter Fabrizio

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hansonian and Harmonian Abduction as Models of Discovery. ”also known as abduction, is a form of inference originatingthe case. Hansonian abduction 12 is a mode of inference that

  5. Computational models for the discovery of the world's music

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verschure, Paul

    Technology Group Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona (Spain) xavier.serra@upf.edu http://compmusic.upf, scores, plus all the needed contextual information. References: · MTG-DB framework (MTG-UPF) · http

  6. A global framework for scene gist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greene, Michelle R

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Human observers are able to rapidly and accurately categorize natural scenes, but the representation mediating this feat is still unknown. Here we propose a framework of rapid scene categorization that does not segment a ...

  7. Thiophene-based covalent organic frameworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertrand, Guillaume

    We report the synthesis and characterization of covalent organic frameworks (COFs) incorporating thiophene-based building blocks. We show that these are amenable to reticular synthesis, and that bent ditopic monomers, such ...

  8. A framework for technology forecasting and visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woon, Wei Lee

    This paper presents a novel framework for supporting the development of well-informed research policies and plans. The proposed methodology is based on the use of bibliometrics; i.e., analysis is conducted using information ...

  9. A Framework for Technology Forecasting and Visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woon, Wei Lee

    This paper presents a novel framework for supporting the development of well-informed research policies and plans. The proposed methodology is based on the use of bibliometrics; i.e., analysis is conducted using information ...

  10. Constructibility review process framework for transportation facilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liman, Majed

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is performed as a completely separate phase. Changes in key players occur once the project is awarded to the contractor. Contractors have little or no opportunity to provide input to planners and designers. The framework developed in this research consists...

  11. CAFE : a framework for cell application development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammer, Joseph Keith

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    no less. Third, CAFE is non-intrusive. One of the originala lightweight, flexible, and non-intrusive framework thatCAFE’s effectiveness and non-intrusive nature in a sizable

  12. Incremental learning for automated knowledge capture.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benz, Zachary O.; Basilico, Justin Derrick; Davis, Warren Leon,; Dixon, Kevin R.; Jones, Brian S.; Martin, Nathaniel; Wendt, Jeremy Daniel

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    People responding to high-consequence national-security situations need tools to help them make the right decision quickly. The dynamic, time-critical, and ever-changing nature of these situations, especially those involving an adversary, require models of decision support that can dynamically react as a situation unfolds and changes. Automated knowledge capture is a key part of creating individualized models of decision making in many situations because it has been demonstrated as a very robust way to populate computational models of cognition. However, existing automated knowledge capture techniques only populate a knowledge model with data prior to its use, after which the knowledge model is static and unchanging. In contrast, humans, including our national-security adversaries, continually learn, adapt, and create new knowledge as they make decisions and witness their effect. This artificial dichotomy between creation and use exists because the majority of automated knowledge capture techniques are based on traditional batch machine-learning and statistical algorithms. These algorithms are primarily designed to optimize the accuracy of their predictions and only secondarily, if at all, concerned with issues such as speed, memory use, or ability to be incrementally updated. Thus, when new data arrives, batch algorithms used for automated knowledge capture currently require significant recomputation, frequently from scratch, which makes them ill suited for use in dynamic, timecritical, high-consequence decision making environments. In this work we seek to explore and expand upon the capabilities of dynamic, incremental models that can adapt to an ever-changing feature space.

  13. A Combined Doctrine of Knowledge for Plato

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laidlaw-Johnson, E. A.

    describes the soul as a long-lived thing that wears out several short-lived bodies much as a person wears out several coats in a life time (Ph. 87d). While this soul/body distinction will aid in our understanding of knowledge, it is the soul...—a man's recollection of a single piece of knowledge. The characterizations of learning in the Phaedo and Meno are compatible with the theory of knowledge via recollection-the doctrine introduced in the Meno. Gearly, both the Phaedo and Meno accounts...

  14. SciTech Connect: Metal-Organic Framework Templated Inorganic...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Metal-Organic Framework Templated Inorganic Sorbents for Rapid and Efficient Extraction of Heavy Metals Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Metal-Organic Framework Templated...

  15. International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation to Hold...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation to Hold Ministerial-Level Meeting Sept. 29 in Warsaw, Poland International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation to Hold...

  16. assessment framework: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 Approach & Implementation Basically, the NAVTAG framework consist of three Hammerton, James 17 COMMENT Addressing a critique of the TEASI framework for invasive species risk...

  17. assessment framework meraf: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 Approach & Implementation Basically, the NAVTAG framework consist of three Hammerton, James 17 COMMENT Addressing a critique of the TEASI framework for invasive species risk...

  18. A preliminary analysis of Cyclops Tensor Framework Edgar Solomonik

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    A preliminary analysis of Cyclops Tensor Framework Edgar Solomonik Jeff Hammond James Demmel prior specific permission. #12;A preliminary analysis of Cyclops Tensor Framework Edgar Solomonik Univ

  19. Conceptual Framework for Developing Resilience Metrics for the...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Conceptual Framework for Developing Resilience Metrics for the Electricity, Oil, and Gas Sectors in the United States (September 2014) Conceptual Framework for Developing...

  20. Toward the 24-Hour Knowledge Factory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Amar

    2004-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The term 24-Hour Knowledge Factory connotes a globally distributed work environment in which members of the global team work on a project around the clock; each member of the team works the normal workday hours that pertain ...

  1. Toward the 24-Hour Knowledge Factory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Amar

    2004-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The term 24-Hour Knowledge Factory connotes a globally distributed work environment in which members of the global team work on a project around the clock; each member of the team works the normal workday ...

  2. Explicit Evidence Systems with Common Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sola, Rolf Haenni

    Explicit Evidence Systems with Common Knowledge Samuel Bucheli, Roman Kuznets, and Thomas Studer Institut f¨ur Informatik und angewandte Mathematik, Universit¨at Bern Bern, Switzerland { bucheli, kuznets

  3. Speech production knowledge in automatic speech recognition 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, Simon; Frankel, Joe; Livescu, Karen; McDermott, Erik; Richmond, Korin; Wester, Mirjam

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although much is known about how speech is produced, and research into speech production has resulted in measured articulatory data, feature systems of different kinds and numerous models, speech production knowledge is almost totally ignored...

  4. A .net based resource sharing framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xiaohan

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents an Internet resource sharing architecture. It allows users to access and utilize unused computer resources, such as CPU cycles and storage, without an expert's knowledge. It achieves this by providing ...

  5. DesignMinders: Preserving and Sharing Informal Software Design Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Hoek, André

    DesignMinders: Preserving and Sharing Informal Software Design Knowledge Gerald Bortis and André knowledge. For example, knowledge management systems that allow developers to populate and search, andre}@ics.uci.edu Abstract. Software design is a knowledge-intensive activity. Knowledge is both

  6. Towards Continuous Knowledge Engineering Klaas Schilstra and Pieter Spronck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spronck, Pieter

    Towards Continuous Knowledge Engineering Klaas Schilstra and Pieter Spronck Knowledge Based Systems.schilstra; p.spronck}@bouw.tno.nl www.tno.nl Abstract: Continuous Knowledge Engineering is an alternative approach to knowledge engineering that embraces the philosophy that knowledge systems are open

  7. Managing discovery risks--A Tevatron case study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bakul Banerjee

    2004-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    To meet the increasing need for higher performance, Management of Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory has undertaken various projects to improve systems associated with the Tevatron high-energy particle collider located at Batavia, Illinois. One of the larger projects is the Tevatron Beam Position Monitor (BPM) system. The objective of this project is to replace the existing BPM electronics and software system that was originally installed during early 1980s, along with the original construction of the Tevatron.The original system consists of 236 beam position monitors located around the underground tunnel of the accelerator. Above ground control systems are attached to these monitors using pickup cables. When the Tevatron collider is operational, signals received from the BPMs are used to perform a number of control and diagnostic tasks. The original system can only capture the proton signals from the collider. The new system, when fully operational, will be able to capture combined proton and antiproton signals and will be able to separate the antiproton signal from the combined signal at high resolution. This significant enhancement was beyond the range of technical capabilities when the Tevatron was constructed about two decades ago. To take advantage of exceptional progress made in the hardware and software area in past two decades, Department of Energy approved funding of the BPM electronics and software replacement project. The approximate length of the project is sixteen months with a budget of four million dollars not including overhead, escalation, and contingencies. Apart from cost and schedule risks, there are two major risks associated with this research and development project. The primary risk is the risk of discovery. Since the Tevatron beam path is highly complex, BPMs have to acquire and process a large amount of data. In this environment, analysis of data to separate antiproton signals is even more complex. Finding an optimum algorithm that can be implemented with current state of the art hardware and software technology is even more complex. The second most important risk is the risk of unavailability of the premiere high energy physics scientific facility to worldwide users. This paper presents a model of minimizing these risks using a phased model of project management. To complete the project successfully, it is essential to keep track of the constraints imposed by uncertainties in the discovery phase while maintaining the highest possible availability of the Tevatron. In this paper, a methodology based on earned value management system is explained to measure and manage discovery risks. Metrics based on the initial basis of estimate and familiar earned value measures are used to monitor risks of discovery. Subsequently, these metrics are used to refine the project and adjust tasks and resource assignments to minimize the unavailability of the user facility. One of the measures is the variance at phase completion. From the phased model of the WBS, variance at completion is examined for various project baselines at the end of project phases. This allowed for understanding the risk of not only cost and schedule, but also the discovery risks. Since similar risk measurement data is not available within the organization, these metrics will also allow us to define risk baselines for future scientific projects that involve discovery along with state of the art system development.

  8. Statistics and Discoveries at the LHC (3/4)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The lectures will give an introduction to statistics as applied in particle physics and will provide all the necessary basics for data analysis at the LHC. Special emphasis will be placed on the the problems and questions that arise when searching for new phenomena, including p-values, discovery significance, limit setting procedures, treatment of small signals in the presence of large backgrounds. Specific issues that will be addressed include the advantages and drawbacks of different statistical test procedures (cut-based, likelihood-ratio, etc.), the look-elsewhere effect and treatment of systematic uncertainties.

  9. Statistics and Discoveries at the LHC (2/4)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The lectures will give an introduction to statistics as applied in particle physics and will provide all the necessary basics for data analysis at the LHC. Special emphasis will be placed on the the problems and questions that arise when searching for new phenomena, including p-values, discovery significance, limit setting procedures, treatment of small signals in the presence of large backgrounds. Specific issues that will be addressed include the advantages and drawbacks of different statistical test procedures (cut-based, likelihood-ratio, etc.), the look-elsewhere effect and treatment of systematic uncertainties.

  10. Statistics and Discoveries at the LHC (1/4)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The lectures will give an introduction to statistics as applied in particle physics and will provide all the necessary basics for data analysis at the LHC. Special emphasis will be placed on the the problems and questions that arise when searching for new phenomena, including p-values, discovery significance, limit setting procedures, treatment of small signals in the presence of large backgrounds. Specific issues that will be addressed include the advantages and drawbacks of different statistical test procedures (cut-based, likelihood-ratio, etc.), the look-elsewhere effect and treatment of systematic uncertainties.

  11. Statistics and Discoveries at the LHC (4/4)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The lectures will give an introduction to statistics as applied in particle physics and will provide all the necessary basics for data analysis at the LHC. Special emphasis will be placed on the the problems and questions that arise when searching for new phenomena, including p-values, discovery significance, limit setting procedures, treatment of small signals in the presence of large backgrounds. Specific issues that will be addressed include the advantages and drawbacks of different statistical test procedures (cut-based, likelihood-ratio, etc.), the look-elsewhere effect and treatment of systematic uncertainties.

  12. Cobalt discovery replaces precious metals as industrial catalyst

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWPSuccessAlamosCharacterization2Climate,Cobalt discovery replaces

  13. Virginia Dry Natural Gas Reserves New Field Discoveries (Billion Cubic

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year Jan FebIncreasesCommercialFeet) New Field Discoveries

  14. Advanced Technology & Discovery at Niskayuna | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProducts (VAP) VAP7-0973 1BP-14 PowerAdvancedInstituteTechnology & Discovery

  15. Discovery of New Alloys by Bulk Combinatorial Synthesis | The Ames

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField Campaign:INEA : Papers Subfolders inDiscovery of Dark Energy Ushered

  16. An Ontological Schema for Sharing Conceptual Engineering Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mizoguchi, Riichiro

    An Ontological Schema for Sharing Conceptual Engineering Knowledge Yoshinobu Kitamura and Riichiro have been suffering the difficulty in sharing conceptual engineering knowledge about functionality. Introduction In the engineering design community, the importance of knowledge sharing among designers has been

  17. ARKTOS: a knowledge engineering software tool for images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soh, L. K.; Tsatsoulis, Costas

    2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of our ARKTOS project is to build an intelligent knowledge-based system to classify satellite sea ice images. It involves acquiring knowledge from sea ice experts, quantifying such knowledge as computational entities and ultimately building...

  18. Robust diffusion imaging framework for clinical studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maximov, Ivan I; Neuner, Irene; Shah, N Jon

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Clinical diffusion imaging requires short acquisition times and good image quality to permit its use in various medical applications. In turn, these demands require the development of a robust and efficient post-processing framework in order to guarantee useful and reliable results. However, multiple artefacts abound in in vivo measurements; from either subject such as cardiac pulsation, bulk head motion, respiratory motion and involuntary tics and tremor, or imaging hardware related problems, such as table vibrations, etc. These artefacts can severely degrade the resulting images and render diffusion analysis difficult or impossible. In order to overcome these problems, we developed a robust and efficient framework enabling the use of initially corrupted images from a clinical study. At the heart of this framework is an improved least trimmed squares diffusion tensor estimation algorithm that works well with severely degraded datasets with low signal-to-noise ratio. This approach has been compared with other...

  19. Natural Gas Discovery and Development Impacts on Rio Vista and Its Community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gbedema, Tometi Koku

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of several localities’ economy (Natural Gas Bulletin, 2004).the natural gas discovery operations and the economy of thein our economy, that certain aspects of natural gas industry

  20. DISCOVERY OF AN UNUSUALLY BLUE L DWARF WITHIN 10 pc OF THE SUN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burgasser, Adam J.

    We report the discovery of an unusually blue L5 dwarf within 10 pc of the Sun from a search of Sloan Digital Sky

  1. High-throughput Microfluidics and Ultrafast Optics for in Vivo Compound/Genetic Discoveries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohde, Christopher Benjamin

    Therapeutic treatment of spinal cord injuries, brain trauma, stroke, and neurodegenerative diseases will greatly benefit from the discovery of compounds that enhance neuronal regeneration following injury. We previously ...

  2. ,"New York Dry Natural Gas New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York Dry Natural Gas New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields (Billion Cubic...

  3. 1975 -Ferroelectric LCs (Meyer, Liebert, Stryzlecki, Keller) 1980 -Discovery of SSFLC Device concept (Clark, Lagerwall)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walba, David

    1975 - Ferroelectric LCs (Meyer, Liebert, Stryzlecki, Keller) 1980 - Discovery of SSFLC Deviceh symmetry #12;Ferroelectric LCs Bob Meyer Noel Clark Sven Torbjörn Lagwerwall #12;Robert Meyer

  4. Discovery of Active Galactic Nuclei in Mid- and Far-Infrared Deep Surveys with ISO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoshiaki Taniguchi

    2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a summary on the discovery of active galactic nuclei in mid- and far-infrared deep surveys with use of the Infrared Space Observatory.

  5. A distributed requirements management framework for legal compliance and accountability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Breaux, Travis D.

    lifecycle. We illustrate the framework within the context of a concrete healthcare scenario in which

  6. A Bayesian Framework for Combining Valuation Estimates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenton K. Yee

    2007-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Obtaining more accurate equity value estimates is the starting point for stock selection, value-based indexing in a noisy market, and beating benchmark indices through tactical style rotation. Unfortunately, discounted cash flow, method of comparables, and fundamental analysis typically yield discrepant valuation estimates. Moreover, the valuation estimates typically disagree with market price. Can one form a superior valuation estimate by averaging over the individual estimates, including market price? This article suggests a Bayesian framework for combining two or more estimates into a superior valuation estimate. The framework justifies the common practice of averaging over several estimates to arrive at a final point estimate.

  7. A Bayesian Framework for Combining Valuation Estimates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yee, Kenton K

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Obtaining more accurate equity value estimates is the starting point for stock selection, value-based indexing in a noisy market, and beating benchmark indices through tactical style rotation. Unfortunately, discounted cash flow, method of comparables, and fundamental analysis typically yield discrepant valuation estimates. Moreover, the valuation estimates typically disagree with market price. Can one form a superior valuation estimate by averaging over the individual estimates, including market price? This article suggests a Bayesian framework for combining two or more estimates into a superior valuation estimate. The framework justifies the common practice of averaging over several estimates to arrive at a final point estimate.

  8. aerospace knowledge diffusion: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to codify: Implications for the knowledge - based economy" Prometheus 19 Richards, Debbie 15 Inverse diffusion from knowledge of power densities Guillaume Bal Mathematics...

  9. An Extended Network Coding Opportunity Discovery Scheme in Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yunlong; Iwai, Masayuki; Sezaki, Kaoru; Tobe, Yoshito; 10.5121/ijcnc.2012.4106

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Network coding is known as a promising approach to improve wireless network performance. How to discover the coding opportunity in relay nodes is really important for it. There are more coding chances, there are more times it can improve network throughput by network coding operation. In this paper, an extended network coding opportunity discovery scheme (ExCODE) is proposed, which is realized by appending the current node ID and all its 1-hop neighbors' IDs to the packet. ExCODE enables the next hop relay node to know which nodes else have already overheard the packet, so it can discover the potential coding opportunities as much as possible. ExCODE expands the region of discovering coding chance to n-hops, and have more opportunities to execute network coding operation in each relay node. At last, we implement ExCODE over the AODV protocol, and efficiency of the proposed mechanism is demonstrated with NS2 simulations, compared to the existing coding opportunity discovery scheme.

  10. Structural Genomics and Drug Discovery for Infectious Diseases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, W.F.

    2010-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The application of structural genomics methods and approaches to proteins from organisms causing infectious diseases is making available the three dimensional structures of many proteins that are potential drug targets and laying the groundwork for structure aided drug discovery efforts. There are a number of structural genomics projects with a focus on pathogens that have been initiated worldwide. The Center for Structural Genomics of Infectious Diseases (CSGID) was recently established to apply state-of-the-art high throughput structural biology technologies to the characterization of proteins from the National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) category A-C pathogens and organisms causing emerging, or re-emerging infectious diseases. The target selection process emphasizes potential biomedical benefits. Selected proteins include known drug targets and their homologs, essential enzymes, virulence factors and vaccine candidates. The Center also provides a structure determination service for the infectious disease scientific community. The ultimate goal is to generate a library of structures that are available to the scientific community and can serve as a starting point for further research and structure aided drug discovery for infectious diseases. To achieve this goal, the CSGID will determine protein crystal structures of 400 proteins and protein-ligand complexes using proven, rapid, highly integrated, and cost-effective methods for such determination, primarily by X-ray crystallography. High throughput crystallographic structure determination is greatly aided by frequent, convenient access to high-performance beamlines at third-generation synchrotron X-ray sources.

  11. Discovery of a Transiting Planet Near the Snow-Line

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kipping, David M; Buchhave, Lars A; Kenyon, Scott J; Henze, Christopher E; Isaacson, Howard; Kolbl, Rea; Marcy, Geoff W; Bryson, Stephen T; Stassun, Keivan G; Bastien, Fabienne A

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In most theories of planet formation, the snow-line represents a boundary between the emergence of the interior rocky planets and the exterior ice giants. The wide separation of the snow-line makes the discovery of transiting worlds challenging, yet transits would allow for detailed subsequent characterization. We present the discovery of Kepler-421b, a Uranus-sized exoplanet transiting a G9/K0 dwarf once every 704.2 days in a near-circular orbit. Using public Kepler photometry, we demonstrate that the two observed transits can be uniquely attributed to the 704.2 day period. Detailed light curve analysis with BLENDER validates the planetary nature of Kepler-421b to >4 sigmas confidence. Kepler-421b receives the same insolation as a body at ~2AU in the Solar System and for a Uranian albedo would have an effective temperature of ~180K. Using a time-dependent model for the protoplanetary disk, we estimate that Kepler-421b's present semi-major axis was beyond the snow-line after ~3Myr, indicating that Kepler-421b...

  12. Explicit Evidence Systems with Common Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bucheli, Samuel; Studer, Thomas

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Justification logics are epistemic logics that explicitly include justifications for the agents' knowledge. We develop a multi-agent justification logic with evidence terms for individual agents as well as for common knowledge. We define a Kripke-style semantics that is similar to Fitting's semantics for the Logic of Proofs LP. We show the soundness, completeness, and finite model property of our multi-agent justification logic with respect to this Kripke-style semantics. We demonstrate that our logic is a conservative extension of Yavorskaya's minimal bimodal explicit evidence logic, which is a two-agent version of LP. We discuss the relationship of our logic to the multi-agent modal logic S4 with common knowledge. Finally, we give a brief analysis of the coordinated attack problem in the newly developed language of our logic.

  13. The Machinery of Knowledge: An Ontology-Registry for a Geospatial Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stock, Kristin

    1 The Machinery of Knowledge: An Ontology-Registry for a Geospatial Knowledge Infrastructure for Geospatial Science, University of Nottingham, UK 2 Allworlds Geothinking, UK 3 EDINA, UK 4 Cardiff University *Corresponding author: Centre for Geospatial Science, School of Geography, University of Nottingham, NG7 2RD, UK

  14. TIUPAM: A Framework for Trustworthiness-centric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    at San Antonio Joint work with Qun Ni and Elisa Bertino (Purdue Univ.) Ravi Sandhu (Univ. Texas at San, Usage, Provenance, and Attack Management (TIUPAM) Four supporting components: Identity management Usage management Provenance management Attack management The framework is centered at the need

  15. Integrated Compliance Framework for Data Processing Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vil, Jé an

    2009-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Framework for Data Processing Applications? that leverages industry best practices like the Control Objectives for Information and related Technology (COBIT), the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL), the International Organization.... Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) ITIL provides a systematic approach to the management of information technology service provision. It is the only consistent and comprehensive documentation of best practice for information technology...

  16. Flexible Framework for Building Energy Analysis: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hale, E.; Macumber, D.; Weaver, E.; Shekhar, D.

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the building energy research and advanced practitioner communities, building models are perturbed across large parameter spaces to assess energy and cost performance in the face of programmatic and economic constraints. This paper describes the OpenStudio software framework for performing such analyses.

  17. A Theoretical Framework for Chimera Domain Decomposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keeling, Stephen L.

    A Theoretical Framework for Chimera Domain Decomposition S. L. Keeling Sverdrup Technology, Inc. Steger, UC Davis, May 2-4, 1997. 1 Introduction. The Chimera scheme is a domain decomposition method- ometry is divided into simply shaped regions. Unlike other approaches [5], the Chimera method simplifies

  18. Power Systems Stability Control : Reinforcement Learning Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehenkel, Louis

    1 Power Systems Stability Control : Reinforcement Learning Framework Damien Ernst, Member, IEEE systems. We describe some challenges in power system control and discuss how some of those challenges with the real power system and the off-line mode in which the interaction occurs with a simulation model

  19. A Statistical Framework for Spatial Comparative Genomics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Statistical Framework for Spatial Comparative Genomics Rose Hoberman May 2007 CMU-CS-07, or the U.S. Government. #12;Keywords: spatial comparative genomics, comparative genomics, gene clusters, max-gap clusters, gene teams, whole genome duplication, paralogons, synteny, ortholog detection #12

  20. UTS GRADUATE PROFILE FRAMEWORK August 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University of Technology, Sydney

    UTS GRADUATE PROFILE FRAMEWORK August 2011 Approved by Academic Board (AB 11.79.2) meeting 11. What is a UTS Graduate Profile Each course (or suite of courses) at UTS will have a graduate profile that describes the intended capability of a graduate from the course. The graduate profile includes the graduate

  1. Proton++: A Customizable Declarative Multitouch Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Irvine, University of

    Proton++: A Customizable Declarative Multitouch Framework Kenrick Kin1,2 Bj¨orn Hartmann1 Tony DeRose2 Maneesh Agrawala1 1 University of California, Berkeley 2 Pixar Animation Studios ABSTRACT Proton- sions of touch event symbols. It builds on the Proton frame- work by allowing developers to incorporate

  2. The Reactor An ObjectOriented Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Douglas C.

    The Reactor An Object­Oriented Framework for Event Demultiplexing and Event Handler Dispatching Douglas C. Schmidt 1 Overview ffl The Reactor is an object­oriented frame­ work that encapsulates OS event demul­ tiplexing mechanisms -- e.g., the Reactor API runs transparently atop both Wait

  3. Client logo A Framework for Character

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    Client logo A Framework for Character Education Jubilee Centre Parents' survey #12;Client logo 84 disagree. #12;Client logo The skills and tools that parents would most like their child to gain from school. Only 5% disagree. #12;Client logo The vast majority of parents believe that schools should have

  4. BIOGEOCHEMICAL GRADIENTS AS A FRAMEWORK FOR UNDERSTANDING WASTE SITE EVOLUTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Denham, M; Karen Vangelas, K

    2008-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The migration of biogeochemical gradients is a useful framework for understanding the evolution of biogeochemical conditions in groundwater at waste sites contaminated with metals and radionuclides. This understanding is critical to selecting sustainable remedies and evaluating sites for monitored natural attenuation, because most attenuation mechanisms are sensitive to geochemical conditions such as pH and redox potential. Knowledge of how gradients in these parameters evolve provides insights into the behavior of contaminants with time and guides characterization, remedy selection, and monitoring efforts. An example is a seepage basin site at the Savannah River Site in South Carolina where low-level acidic waste has seeped into groundwater. The remediation of this site relies, in part, on restoring the natural pH of the aquifer by injecting alkaline solutions. The remediation will continue until the pH up-flow of the treatment zone increases to an acceptable value. The time required to achieve this objective depends on the time it takes the trailing pH gradient, the gradient separating the plume from influxing natural groundwater, to reach the treatment zone. Predictions of this length of time will strongly influence long-term remedial decisions.

  5. Distributed Semantic Discovery for Web-of-Things Enabled Smart Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Distributed Semantic Discovery for Web-of-Things Enabled Smart Buildings G´er^ome Bovet and Jean-of-Things. As proof of concept, we apply our proposal to the domain of smart buildings, composing a novel ontology on the energetic aspect and is optimized for constrained environments. Keywords--Smart buildings, Discovery

  6. The OD Theory of TOD: The Use and Limits of Temporal Information for Object Discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Randal

    The OD Theory of TOD: The Use and Limits of Temporal Information for Object Discovery Brandon C. S with physical objects must first be able to discover and recognize them. "Object Discovery" (OD) is the problem by other objects (for an exam- ple see Figure 1). Because robust OD is a prerequisite for reasoning about

  7. College of Engineering Discovery with Purpose www.engineering.iastate.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Zhiqun

    with Purpose www.engineering.iastate.edu Filling out the Application · Concurrently enrolled students12/6/2011 1 College of Engineering Discovery with Purpose www.engineering.iastate.edu College of Engineering Scholarship Program Joel Johnson, Director, ESS College of Engineering Discovery with Purpose www.engineering

  8. Discovery of molecular hydrogen line emission associated with methanol maser emission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashley, Michael C. B.

    Discovery of molecular hydrogen line emission associated with methanol maser emission J.-K. Lee March 9 A B S T R AC T We report the discovery of H2 line emission associated with 6.67-GHz methanol emission was found associated with an ultracompact H II region IRAS 14567­5846 and isolated methanol maser

  9. SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY WITH LAW ENCODING DIAGRAMS Peter C-H. Cheng

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Peter

    - 1 - SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY WITH LAW ENCODING DIAGRAMS Peter C-H. Cheng ESRC Centre for Research the concept of Law Encoding Diagrams, LEDs, and argues that they have had a role in scientific discovery the underlying relations of a law, or a system of simultaneous laws, in the structure of a diagram by the means

  10. Fondation de coopration scientifique Campus Paris Saclay Parc Technologique -Immeuble Discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canet, LĂ©onie

    Fondation de coopération scientifique Campus Paris Saclay Parc Technologique - Immeuble Discovery'alinéa 4 de l'article L.711.2 du Code de l'Education et qui prendra le nom « Université Paris Saclay coopération scientifique Campus Paris Saclay Parc Technologique - Immeuble Discovery Route de l'Orme aux

  11. An LDA-based Community Structure Discovery Approach for Large-Scale Social Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : {bqiu}@cse.psu.edu Abstract-- Community discovery has drawn significant re- search interests among even more attentions with the prevalence of social network websites, such as MySpace, Live of this paper include: (1) an LDA-based probabilistic community discovery model in large-sc

  12. SOFTWARE Open Access Promzea: a pipeline for discovery of co-regulatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raizada, Manish N.

    SOFTWARE Open Access Promzea: a pipeline for discovery of co-regulatory motifs in maize and other and cis-acting DNA motifs underlying their regulation is a major objective of transcriptome studies motif prediction. These principles were integrated into a user-friendly pipeline for motif discovery

  13. Lung Cancer Discovery Award (LCD) Program Description Page 1 of 7 5/25/2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gleeson, Joseph G.

    Lung Cancer Discovery Award (LCD) Program Description Page 1 of 7 5/25/2011 IMPORTANT NOTES REFERENCE. The Lung Cancer Discovery Award supports the development of novel medical treatments, advancing current treatment options and/or finding a cure for lung cancer through clinical, laboratory

  14. Multi-University Research to Advance Discovery Fusion Energy Science using a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dept of Applied Physics and Applied Math, Columbia University, New York, NY Plasma Science and FusionMulti-University Research to Advance Discovery Fusion Energy Science using a Superconducting Center, MIT, Cambridge, MA Outline · Intermediate scale discovery fusion energy science needs support

  15. Performance Evaluation of a Resource Monitoring and Discovery Service for the Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarvis, Stephen

    Performance Evaluation of a Resource Monitoring and Discovery Service for the Grid H´el`ene N. Lim, 2003 Abstract The Grid Information Service (GIS) is one of the Grid Common Services which make up the basic functions belonging to Grids. This service offers a resource discovery mechanism, of which

  16. The Varieties of Self-Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kabeshkin, Anton Sergeevich

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    to it. In particular, drawing from the works of G.E.M. Anscombe5 and Kieran Setiya,6 I will attempt to link it with the so-called ?knowledge how.? However, this suggested link will have only the hypothetical status, and I will raise some problems...

  17. Removed Barriers: 3.32 Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabrikant, Sara Irina

    Students Average Values from Entry and Exit Surveys for Participants in 2006 Workshops ENTRY 1 BarriersResults EXIT 2 Removed Barriers: 3.32 Knowledge 3.67 GIS 3.46 Data Access 3.68 Software Use 3

  18. Proof of Proximity of Knowledge Serge Vaudenay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ://lasec.epfl.ch Abstract. Public-key distance bounding schemes are needed to defeat relay attacks in payment systems. So far, only two such schemes exist, but fail to fully protect against malicious provers. In this paper. Like proofs of knowledge, these protocols must satisfy completeness, soundness (protection

  19. Formalizing Information Security Knowledge Stefan Fenz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Formalizing Information Security Knowledge Stefan Fenz Vienna University of Technology Vienna ontology which provides an on- tological structure for information security domain knowl- edge. Besides of the considered organization is incorporated. An evaluation conducted by an information security expert team has

  20. `KNOWLEDGE AND VIRTUE: RESPONSE TO KELP'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edinburgh, University of

    1 `KNOWLEDGE AND VIRTUE: RESPONSE TO KELP' DUNCAN PRITCHARD University of Edinburgh In a very interesting paper, `Pritchard on Virtue Epistemology', Christoph Kelp argues that my recent critique ability). In particular, RVE does not involve any appeal to an anti-luck condition.2 As Kelp makes clear

  1. The Life Sciences and Knowledge for a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and environmental monitoring and assessment 2009­2012 #12;1SLU's strategy for research, education and environmental, education and environmental monitoring and assessment The Life Sciences and Knowledge for a Sustainable Future SLU's strategy for research, education and environmental monitoring and assessment 2009­2012 #12

  2. Global Emergence of Frontier Knowledge November 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamamoto, Hirosuke

    , Infrastructure, Medical and Biologi- cal Engineering, Mineral Resources, Nano Physics, SustainabilityGlobal Emergence of Frontier Knowledge November 2013 Nov. 7th U.CatĂłlica (Casa Central) 09:00 Doors, Culture & Body, Earthquakes, Tsunami & Volcanoes, Element & Material Sciences, Food Resource

  3. Report on the project Building knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Report on the project Building knowledge To build citizens To build cities UPF CAMPUS ICŔRIA INTERNATIONAL PROJECT 2010 International Campus of Excellence Programme #12;UPF CAMPUS ICŔRIA INTERNATIONAL version of this document can be found at: www.upf.edu/icaria UPF CAMPUS ICŔRIA INTERNATIONAL PROJECT

  4. WEB OF KNOWLEDGE --WEB OF SCIENCE--

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yih-Min

    WEB OF KNOWLEDGE --WEB OF SCIENCE-- #12; Web of Science (SCIE, SSCI, AHCI) EndNote Journal Citation Reports (JCR) Essential Science Indicators (ESI) ResearcherID.com #12;WEB OF SCIENCE ? · · · · EndNoteweb Copyright © 2009 Shou Ray Information Service Co., Ltd #12;Web of Science

  5. Knowledge-Projection for Tele-Maintenance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tu, Yicheng

    search ... · Linkage to Data Mining ­ Tightly coupled with dynamic process events ­ Real-time data it #12;! #12;33 The Knowledge Base Our underlying Dynamic Process XML/XSL technology makes it possible Components · Dynamic Process ­ Step-by-step description of events, decision points, drill-down points, data

  6. Prediction Markets Partition model of knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fiat, Amos

    Prediction Markets Partition model of knowledge Distributed information markets Convergence time bounds Computational Aspects of Prediction Markets David M. Pennock and Rahul Sami December 5, 2012 Presented by: Rami Eitan David M. Pennock and Rahul Sami Computational Aspects of Prediction Markets #12

  7. Semantic Knowledge Management for Education Andrea Kohlhase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kohlhase, Michael

    Semantic Knowledge Management for Education Andrea Kohlhase Dept. of Mathematics and Computer.kohlhase@jacobs-university.de Abstract `Semantic technologies' are touted as the next big wave in Educational Technology notions e.g. of `seman- tics', yielding specific problems in their interplay. In this paper we take a look

  8. A SAGA OF KNOWLEDGE Table of Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charette, André

    The University moves out of the Latin Quarter onto Mount Royal, into a new building designed by architect Ernest, was a landmark in the annals of Francophone philanthropy. This report reflects the winds of renewal coursing teaching and lively student life. Ours is a saga of knowledge such has rarely unfolded in North America

  9. THE SOFTWARE KNOWLEDGE BASE Bertrand Meyer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyer, Bertrand

    knowledge base" keeps track of software components and their properties; these properties are described, implementation, testing, project management). The use of the binary relational model for describing the properties of software is hacked by a theoretical study of the relations and constraints which play

  10. FOR THE RECORD Discovery of a significant, nontopological preference for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , 2003) Abstract To help elucidate the role of secondary structure packing preferences in protein folding in guiding supersecondary structure formation in protein folding. This knowledge of preferred packing angles can be used to guide the engineering of stable protein modules. Keywords: Protein folding; secondary

  11. Excellence Environment Learning Discovery People We are one of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    knowledge and skills they acquired during their studies. A Renewable Energy Leader UNBC is implementing small universities. We welcome you to share our passion for excellence, the environment, people, inclusive, and supportive. Quick Facts: Total Students: 4177 International Students: 320 (40 Countries

  12. Alerts in BIOSIS Previews via ISI Web of Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    Alerts in BIOSIS Previews® via ISI Web of Knowledge The alerting capability in ISI Web of Knowledge research. This powerful feature is accessible via the ISI Web of Knowledge homepage, where you can log on emailing of search results, follow these steps: 1. Sign in to ISI Web of Knowledge via the link on the ISI

  13. Knowledge Engineering for non-Engineers Tatiana Gavrilova

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Knowledge Engineering for non-Engineers Tatiana Gavrilova Graduate School of Management - Saint be interesting for the knowledge engineering research and practicising community. KEYWORDS: knowledge engineering-233" DOI : 10.1007/978-3-642-16327-2_28 #12;2 Knowledge Engineering for non-Engineers is one

  14. Evaluating Verification and Validation Methods in Knowledge Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen-Burger, Yun-Heh (Jessica)

    Evaluating Verification and Validation Methods in Knowledge Engineering Alun Preece University: Verification and validation (V&V) techniques have always been an essential part of the knowledge engineering effective V&V techniques. 1. The Art of Knowledge Engineering Knowledge-based systems (KBS) have proven

  15. Applying Semantic Web Technologies to Knowledge Sharing in Aerospace Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciravegna, Fabio

    Applying Semantic Web Technologies to Knowledge Sharing in Aerospace Engineering A.-S. Dadzie , R. This paper details an integrated methodology to optimise Knowledge reuse and sharing, illustrated with a use of Knowledge from legacy documents via automated means, or directly in systems interfacing with Knowledge

  16. November, 1994 Page 1 MEASURING THE VALUE OF KNOWLEDGE 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich, Yoram

    ). The study of knowledge valuation methods is also motivated by more immediate reasons. The first and most general motivation is related to education and knowledge acquisition: Knowledge valuation methods can help is methodological: Knowledge valuation methods can support the evaluation of systems developed in research

  17. Forecasting petroleum discoveries in sparsely drilled areas: Nigeria and the North Sea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Attanasi, E.D.; Root, D.H.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Decline function methods for projecting future discoveries generally capture the crowding effects of wildcat wells on the discovery rate. However, these methods do not accommodate easily situations where exploration areas and horizons are expanding. In this paper, a method is presented that uses a mapping algorithm for separating these often countervailing influences. The method is applied to Nigeria and the North Sea. For an amount of future drilling equivalent to past drilling (825 wildcat wells), future discoveries (in resources found) for Nigeria are expected to decline by 68% per well but still amount to 8.5 billion barrels of oil equivalent (BOE). Similarly, for the total North Sea for an equivalent amount and mix among areas of past drilling (1322 wildcat wells), future discoveries are expected to amount to 17.9 billion BOE, whereas the average discovery rate per well is expected to decline by 71%.

  18. Torsion discovery potential and its discrimination at CERN LHC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Almeida, F. M. L. Jr. de; Nepomuceno, A. A.; Vale, M. A. B. do [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Departamento de Ciencias Naturais, Universidade Federal de Sao Joao del Rei, Sao Joao del Rei, 36301-160, MG (Brazil)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Torsion models constitute a well-known class of extended quantum gravity models. In this paper we study some phenomenological consequences of a torsion field interacting with fermions at LHC. A torsion field could appear as a new heavy state characterized by its mass and couplings to fermions. These new states will form a resonance decaying into difermions, as occurs in many extensions of the standard model, such as models predicting the existence of additional neutral gauge bosons, usually named Z{sup '}. Using the dielectron channel we evaluate the integrated luminosity needed for a 5{sigma} discovery as a function of the torsion mass, for different coupling values. We also calculate the luminosity needed to discriminate, with 95% C.L., the two possible different torsion natures. Finally, we show that the observed signal coming from the torsion field could be distinguished from a signal coming from a new neutral gauge boson, provided there is enough luminosity.

  19. Integration Goal: By integrating learning, discovery and engagement, and by working across disciplines, the MSU community will improve the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyer, Bill

    Integration Goal: By integrating learning, discovery and engagement, and by working across Metric Accomplishments/Successes Person Responsible for Success $ Objective I.1: Increase the integration a substantial curricular experience that integrates learning, discovery and engagement. 100% Institute

  20. Quantum operations and codes beyond the Stabilizer-Clifford framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeng, Bei, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The discovery of quantum error-correcting codes (QECCs) and the theory of fault-tolerant quantum computation (FTQC) have greatly improved the long-term prospects for quantum communication and computation technology. ...

  1. In Proc. of the 14th International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management EKAW 2004, to appear.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mizoguchi, Riichiro

    In Proc. of the 14th International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management. Functionality is one of the key concepts in understanding an artifact and in engineering domain knowledge. Although the importance of sharing of engineering knowledge in industry has been widely recognized, from

  2. City Knowledge Patterns: A standard for Smart City Knowledge management Nooshin Allahyari, Mark S. Fox, and Michael Gruninger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    City Knowledge Patterns: A standard for Smart City Knowledge management Nooshin Allahyari, Mark S in recogniz- ing knowledge requirements of city government. This model, which we denote as City Knowledge category of the city government, and is comprised of a set of inter-relate concepts and attributes

  3. A software framework for image processing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garren, D.A. [Raytheon E-Systems, Garland Operations, TX (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    There exists a great potential for the development of customizable image processing software that accommodates a wide variety of customers and applications. Such software would be able to read and process the many common image file formats, in addition to allowing the incorporation of those that have been custom made. Furthermore, the software would have the ability to handle the infinite variety of accompanying support files, which can contain quite different information for various applications and customers. A software framework designed to read and process this wide variety of input image files and support files would be extremely valuable. This paper develops the foundation of this proposed software architecture by using a composite of several common design patterns. Any similar software framework required to process input information and corresponding algorithms can benefit from the exposition of these composite design structures.

  4. General Critical Properties of the Dynamics of Scientific Discovery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bettencourt, L. M. A. (LANL); Kaiser, D. I. (MIT)

    2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Scientific fields are difficult to define and compare, yet there is a general sense that they undergo similar stages of development. From this point of view it becomes important to determine if these superficial similarities can be translated into a general framework that would quantify the general advent and subsequent dynamics of scientific ideas. Such a framework would have important practical applications of allowing us to compare fields that superficially may appear different, in terms of their subject matter, research techniques, typical collaboration size, etc. Particularh' important in a field's history is the moment at which conceptual and technical unification allows widespread exchange of ideas and collaboration, at which point networks of collaboration show the analog of a percolation phenomenon, developing a giant connected component containing most authors. Here we investigate the generality of this topological transition in the collaboration structure of scientific fields as they grow and become denser. We develop a general theoretical framework in which each scientific field is an instantiation of the same large-scale topological critical phenomenon. We consider whether the evidence from a variety of specific fields is consistent with this picture, and estimate critical exponents associated with the transition. We then discuss the generality of the phenomenon and to what extent we may expect other scientific fields — including very large ones — to follow the same dynamics.

  5. An Optimization Framework for Driver Feedback Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malikopoulos, Andreas [ORNL; Aguilar, Juan P. [Georgia Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modern vehicles have sophisticated electronic control units that can control engine operation with discretion to balance fuel economy, emissions, and power. These control units are designed for specific driving conditions (e.g., different speed profiles for highway and city driving). However, individual driving styles are different and rarely match the specific driving conditions for which the units were designed. In the research reported here, we investigate driving-style factors that have a major impact on fuel economy and construct an optimization framework to optimize individual driving styles with respect to these driving factors. In this context, we construct a set of polynomial metamodels to reflect the responses produced in fuel economy by changing the driving factors. Then, we compare the optimized driving styles to the original driving styles and evaluate the effectiveness of the optimization framework. Finally, we use this proposed framework to develop a real-time feedback system, including visual instructions, to enable drivers to alter their driving styles in response to actual driving conditions to improve fuel efficiency.

  6. An Information Fusion Framework for Threat Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beaver, Justin M [ORNL; Kerekes, Ryan A [ORNL; Treadwell, Jim N [ORNL

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modern enterprises are becoming increasingly sensitive to the potential destructive power of small groups or individuals with malicious intent. In response, significant investments are being made in developing a means to assess the likelihood of certain threats to their enterprises. Threat assessment needs are typically focused in very specific application areas where current processes rely heavily on human analysis to both combine any available data and draw conclusions about the probability of a threat. A generic approach to threat assessment is proposed, including a threat taxonomy and decision-level information fusion framework, that provides a computational means for merging multi-modal data for the purpose of assessing the presence of a threat. The framework is designed for flexibility, and intentionally accounts for the accuracy of each data source, given the environmental conditions, in order to manage the uncertainty associated with any acquired data. The taxonomy and information fusion framework is described, and discussed in the context of real-world applications such as shipping container security and cyber security.

  7. Beyond rules: development and evaluation of knowledge acquisition systems for educational knowledge-based modelling 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conlon, Thomas Hugh

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The technology of knowledge-based systems undoubtedly offers potential for educational modelling, yet its practical impact on today's school classrooms is very limited. To an extent this is because the tools presently ...

  8. A framework for delay emulation of large-scale internetworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Venkata, Shravan Rangaraju

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . The framework models and dynamically adapts the test traffic according to the network delay characteristics observed on the Internet in real-time. The proposed framework consists of three main modules: Virtual Host Configuration Module, Delay Estimator...

  9. An Interactive Visual Analytics Framework for Multi-Field Data...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Interactive Visual Analytics Framework for Multi-Field Data in a Geo-Spatial Context. An Interactive Visual Analytics Framework for Multi-Field Data in a Geo-Spatial Context....

  10. Drive-access transit : a regional analytical framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sorensen, James B

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A framework for analyzing drive-access transit at a regional level is developed in this research. This framework is intended primarily for in-house use by regional transit agencies, yet has implications for the regional ...

  11. actor based framework: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: The notion of assumption-based framework generalises and refines the use of abduction to give a formalisation of non-monotonic reasoning. In this framework, a sentence is...

  12. A framework for sustainable buildings : an application to China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ospelt, Christoph, 1970-

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A framework has been established to discuss the different topics of Sustainability in the context of buildings. The framework includes the dimensions of time and space and the dimensions of ecology, society, and economy. ...

  13. A hybrid parallel framework for computational solid mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fidkowski, Piotr

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel, hybrid parallel C++ framework for computational solid mechanics is developed and presented. The modular and extensible design of this framework allows it to support a wide variety of numerical schemes including ...

  14. A decision making framework for cruise ship design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katsoufis, George P. (George Paraskevas)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis develops a new decision making framework for initial cruise ship design. Through review of effectiveness analysis and multi-criteria decision making, a uniform philosophy is created to articulate a framework ...

  15. Edinburgh Research Explorer Strengthening conceptual foundations: Analysing frameworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millar, Andrew J.

    for ecosystem services and poverty alleviation research Citation for published version: Fisher, JA, Patenaude, G foundations: Analysing frameworks for ecosystem services and poverty alleviation research' Global: Analysing frameworks for ecosystem services and poverty alleviation research§ Janet A. Fisher a

  16. Particle Tracking and Simulation on the .NET Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nishimura, Hiroshi; Scarvie, Tom

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    can use IronPython[10] to access .NET assemblies directly atTRACKING AND SIMULATION ON THE .NET FRAMEWORK * H. Nishimurathe effectiveness of the .NET framework by converting a C++

  17. A Framework for Dynamizing Succinct Data Structures (Extended Abstract)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Ankur; Hon, Wing-Kai; Shah, Rahul; Vitter, Jeffrey Scott

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a framework to dynamize succinct data structures, to encourage their use over non-succinct versions in a wide variety of important application areas. Our framework can dynamize most stateof- the-art succinct data structures...

  18. Inverse diffusion from knowledge of power densities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bal, Guillaume; Monard, Francois; Triki, Faouzi

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper concerns the reconstruction of a diffusion coefficient in an elliptic equation from knowledge of several power densities. The power density is the product of the diffusion coefficient with the square of the modulus of the gradient of the elliptic solution. The derivation of such internal functionals comes from perturbing the medium of interest by acoustic (plane) waves, which results in small changes in the diffusion coefficient. After appropriate asymptotic expansions and (Fourier) transformation, this allow us to construct the power density of the equation point-wise inside the domain. Such a setting finds applications in ultrasound modulated electrical impedance tomography and ultrasound modulated optical tomography. We show that the diffusion coefficient can be uniquely and stably reconstructed from knowledge of a sufficient large number of power densities. Explicit expressions for the reconstruction of the diffusion coefficient are also provided. Such results hold for a large class of boundary...

  19. A Knowledge Based Digital Control Flow Synthesizer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernando, M. A. Susith Rohana

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    applications are characterized by symbolic pro- cessing, incomplete problem solving knowledge and open systems. Symbolic processing contrast with numerical processing where intensive nu- rnerical comput, ations are involved. The information to be dealt... programming is one of the four popular programming paradigms available in the computer science community. In contrast with more common pro- cedural programming paradigm, programs are not primarily partitioned into pro- cedures and separate data. Rather, a...

  20. analysis framework taf: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    decisions. Micha? Antkiewicz; Krzysztof Czarnecki; Matthew Stephan 313 Sustainability Framework 1 Queen's University Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites...

  1. Identification of threats using linguistics-based knowledge extraction.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chew, Peter A.

    2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the challenges increasingly facing intelligence analysts, along with professionals in many other fields, is the vast amount of data which needs to be reviewed and converted into meaningful information, and ultimately into rational, wise decisions by policy makers. The advent of the world wide web (WWW) has magnified this challenge. A key hypothesis which has guided us is that threats come from ideas (or ideology), and ideas are almost always put into writing before the threats materialize. While in the past the 'writing' might have taken the form of pamphlets or books, today's medium of choice is the WWW, precisely because it is a decentralized, flexible, and low-cost method of reaching a wide audience. However, a factor which complicates matters for the analyst is that material published on the WWW may be in any of a large number of languages. In 'Identification of Threats Using Linguistics-Based Knowledge Extraction', we have sought to use Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) and other similar text analysis techniques to map documents from the WWW, in whatever language they were originally written, to a common language-independent vector-based representation. This then opens up a number of possibilities. First, similar documents can be found across language boundaries. Secondly, a set of documents in multiple languages can be visualized in a graphical representation. These alone offer potentially useful tools and capabilities to the intelligence analyst whose knowledge of foreign languages may be limited. Finally, we can test the over-arching hypothesis--that ideology, and more specifically ideology which represents a threat, can be detected solely from the words which express the ideology--by using the vector-based representation of documents to predict additional features (such as the ideology) within a framework based on supervised learning. In this report, we present the results of a three-year project of the same name. We believe these results clearly demonstrate the general feasibility of an approach such as that outlined above. Nevertheless, there are obstacles which must still be overcome, relating primarily to how 'ideology' should be defined. We discuss these and point to possible solutions.

  2. Fuzzy Linguistic Knowledge Based Behavior Extraction for Building Energy Management Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dumidu Wijayasekara; Milos Manic

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant portion of world energy production is consumed by building Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) units. Thus along with occupant comfort, energy efficiency is also an important factor in HVAC control. Modern buildings use advanced Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) control schemes to realize these goals. However, since the performance of HVAC units is dependent on many criteria including uncertainties in weather, number of occupants, and thermal state, the performance of current state of the art systems are sub-optimal. Furthermore, because of the large number of sensors in buildings, and the high frequency of data collection, large amount of information is available. Therefore, important behavior of buildings that compromise energy efficiency or occupant comfort is difficult to identify. This paper presents an easy to use and understandable framework for identifying such behavior. The presented framework uses human understandable knowledge-base to extract important behavior of buildings and present it to users via a graphical user interface. The presented framework was tested on a building in the Pacific Northwest and was shown to be able to identify important behavior that relates to energy efficiency and occupant comfort.

  3. A Crowdsourceable QoE Evaluation Framework for Multimedia Content

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Sheng-Wei

    A Crowdsourceable QoE Evaluation Framework for Multimedia Content Kuan-Ta Chen12 , Chen-Chi Wu3 a crowdsourceable framework to quantify the QoE of multimedia content. The advantages of our framework over. INTRODUCTION To provide better service quality for users, multimedia and network researchers endeavor

  4. Security Requirements Engineering: A Framework for Representation and Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nuseibeh, Bashar

    Security Requirements Engineering: A Framework for Representation and Analysis Charles B. Haley Abstract--This paper presents a framework for security requirements elicitation and analysis. The framework is based on constructing a context for the system, representing security requirements as constraints

  5. Component-based Situational Methods A framework for understanding SME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Draft copy Component-based Situational Methods A framework for understanding SME Yves-Roger Nehan Engineering (SME) which focuses on project-specific method construction. We propose a faceted framework to understand and classify issues in system development SME. The framework identifies four different

  6. User Guide for Jitter-tolerant Framework 1 Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    User Guide for Jitter-tolerant Framework 1 Introduction This brief user guide is for researchers and scientists to use our jitter-tolerant framework for time-stepped applications. The jitter-tolerant framework ID, please execute ec2-describe-images -a | grep Jitter This command returns a single line in which

  7. Policy Framework Policy Commencement Date: 14 March 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Policy Framework Policy Commencement Date: 14 March 2012 Category: Strategic Management 1. PURPOSE To manage the development and maintenance of a robust and responsive policy framework that aligns the University's practices with its strategic objectives. 2. POLICY STATEMENT The Policy Framework consists

  8. Records Management Framework Policy Version 1.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    and guidance materials provided to them by the Records Manager and for acting as the first point of contactRecords Management Framework Policy Version 1.0 Last amended: 01 September 2014 1. Introduction The Records Management Framework, or `RM Framework', is a network of Records Officers who will support

  9. Implementations of a Flexible Framework for Managing Geologic Sequestration Modeling Projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    White, Signe K.; Gosink, Luke J.; Sivaramakrishnan, Chandrika; Black, Gary D.; Purohit, Sumit; Bacon, Diana H.; Hou, Zhangshuan; Lin, Guang; Gorton, Ian; Bonneville, Alain

    2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Numerical simulation is a standard practice used to support designing, operating, and monitoring CO2 injection projects. Although a variety of computational tools have been developed that support the numerical simulation process, many are single-purpose or platform specific and have a prescribed workflow that may or may not be suitable for a particular project. We are developing an open-source, flexible framework named Velo that provides a knowledge management infrastructure and tools to support modeling and simulation for various types of projects in a number of scientific domains. The Geologic Sequestration Software Suite (GS3) is a version of this framework with features and tools specifically tailored for geologic sequestration studies. Because of its general nature, GS3 is being employed in a variety of ways on projects with differing goals. GS3 is being used to support the Sim-SEQ international model comparison study, by providing a collaborative framework for the modeling teams and providing tools for model comparison. Another customized deployment of GS3 has been made to support the permit application process. In this case, GS3 is being used to manage data in support of conceptual model development and provide documentation and provenance for numerical simulations. An additional customized deployment of GS3 is being created for use by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US-EPA) to aid in the CO2 injection permit application review process in one of its regions. These use cases demonstrate GS3’s flexibility, utility, and broad applicability

  10. An analytical framework for capacity development in EIA - The case of Yemen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loon, Louise van, E-mail: louise.van.loon@gmail.co [Copernicus Institute for Sustainable Development and Innovation, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80115, 3508 TC (Netherlands); Driessen, Peter P.J., E-mail: p.driessen@geo.uu.n [Copernicus Institute for Sustainable Development and Innovation, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80115, 3508 TC (Netherlands); Kolhoff, Arend, E-mail: akolhoff@eia.n [Netherlands Commission for Environmental Assessment, P.O. Box 2345, 3500 GH Utrecht (Netherlands); Runhaar, Hens A.C., E-mail: h.runhaar@geo.uu.n [Copernicus Institute for Sustainable Development and Innovation, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80115, 3508 TC (Netherlands)

    2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Most countries worldwide nowadays apply Environmental Assessment (EA) as an ex ante tool to evaluate environmental impacts of policies, plans, programmes, and projects. However, the application and performance of EA differ significantly. Scientific analysis of how EA performs mainly focuses on two levels: the micro (or project) level and the macro (or system) level. Macro level analysis usually focuses on institutions for EA and the organisation of stakeholder interaction in EA. This article proposes a more comprehensive framework for analysing EA systems that combines other approaches with a capacity approach and an explicit consideration of the context in which EA systems are developed and performed. In order to illustrate the value of our framework, we apply it to the Republic of Yemen, where over the last decades many EA capacity development programmes have been executed; however, EA performance has not substantially improved. The Yemen case study illustrates that the capacity development approach allows an understanding of the historical process, the stakeholders, the knowledge component, and the material and technical aspects of EA, but perhaps more important is a systemic understanding of the outcomes: problems are not isolated, but influence and even maintain each other. In addition, by taking into account the context characteristics, our framework allows for the assessment of the feasibility of capacity development programmes that aim at improving EA system performance.

  11. Supergravity gauge theories strike back: There is no crisis for SUSY but a new collider may be required for discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baer, Howard; Savoy, Michael

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    More than 30 years ago, Arnowitt-Chamseddine-Nath (ACN) and others established the compelling framework of supergravity gauge theories (SUGRA) as a picture for the next step in beyond the Standard Model physics. We review the current SUGRA scenario in light of recent data from LHC8 collider searches and the Higgs boson discovery. While many SUSY and non-SUSY scenarios are highly disfavored or even excluded by LHC, the essential SUGRA scenario remains intact and as compelling as ever. For naturalness, some non-universality between matter and Higgs sector soft terms is required along with substantial trilinear soft terms. SUSY models with radiatively-driven naturalness (RNS) are found with high scale fine-tuning at a modest ~10%. In this case, natural SUSY might be discovered at LHC13 but could also easily elude sparticle search endeavors. A linear e^+e^- collider with \\sqrt{s}>2m(higgsino) is needed to provide the definitive search for the required light higgsino states which are the hallmark of natural SUSY. ...

  12. Optimized Uncertainty Quantification Algorithm Within a Dynamic Event Tree Framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. W. Nielsen; Akira Tokuhiro; Robert Hiromoto

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods for developing Phenomenological Identification and Ranking Tables (PIRT) for nuclear power plants have been a useful tool in providing insight into modelling aspects that are important to safety. These methods have involved expert knowledge with regards to reactor plant transients and thermal-hydraulic codes to identify are of highest importance. Quantified PIRT provides for rigorous method for quantifying the phenomena that can have the greatest impact. The transients that are evaluated and the timing of those events are typically developed in collaboration with the Probabilistic Risk Analysis. Though quite effective in evaluating risk, traditional PRA methods lack the capability to evaluate complex dynamic systems where end states may vary as a function of transition time from physical state to physical state . Dynamic PRA (DPRA) methods provide a more rigorous analysis of complex dynamic systems. A limitation of DPRA is its potential for state or combinatorial explosion that grows as a function of the number of components; as well as, the sampling of transition times from state-to-state of the entire system. This paper presents a method for performing QPIRT within a dynamic event tree framework such that timing events which result in the highest probabilities of failure are captured and a QPIRT is performed simultaneously while performing a discrete dynamic event tree evaluation. The resulting simulation results in a formal QPIRT for each end state. The use of dynamic event trees results in state explosion as the number of possible component states increases. This paper utilizes a branch and bound algorithm to optimize the solution of the dynamic event trees. The paper summarizes the methods used to implement the branch-and-bound algorithm in solving the discrete dynamic event trees.

  13. Site Transition Framework | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideo »UsageSecretary of EnergyFocus GroupSherrellHanford SiteDepartmentFramework

  14. Bioenergy Science Center KnowledgeBase

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Syed, M. H.; Karpinets, T. V.; Parang, M.; Leuze, M. R.; Park, B. H.; Hyatt, D.; Brown, S. D.; Moulton, S. Galloway, M.D.; Uberbacher, E. C.

    The challenge of converting cellulosic biomass to sugars is the dominant obstacle to cost effective production of biofuels in s capable of significant enough quantities to displace U. S. consumption of fossil transportation fuels. The BioEnergy Science Center (BESC) tackles this challenge of biomass recalcitrance by closely linking (1) plant research to make cell walls easier to deconstruct, and (2) microbial research to develop multi-talented biocatalysts tailor-made to produce biofuels in a single step. [from the 2011 BESC factsheet] The BioEnergy Science Center (BESC) is a multi-institutional, multidisciplinary research (biological, chemical, physical and computational sciences, mathematics and engineering) organization focused on the fundamental understanding and elimination of biomass recalcitrance. The BESC Knowledgebase and its associated tools is a discovery platform for bioenergy research. It consists of a collection of metadata, data, and computational tools for data analysis, integration, comparison and visualization for plants and microbes in the center.The BESC Knowledgebase (KB) and BESC Laboratory Information Management System (LIMS) enable bioenergy researchers to perform systemic research. [http://bobcat.ornl.gov/besc/index.jsp

  15. Discovery of two new methanol masers in NGC 7538

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Pestalozzi; V. Minier; F. Motte; J. Conway

    2006-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Context: NGC7538 is known to host a 6.7 and 12.2GHz methanol maser cospatial with a Ultra Compact (UC) HII region, IRS1. Aims: We report on the serendipitous discovery of two additional 6.7GHz methanol masers in the same region, not associated with IRS1. Methods: Interferometry maser positions are compared with recent single-dish and interferometry continuum observations. Results: The positions of the masers agree to high accuracy with the 1.2mm continuum peak emission in NGC7538 IRS9 and NGC7538 S. This clear association is also confirmed by the positional agreement of the masers with existing high resolution continuum observations at cm and/or mm wavelengths. Conclusions: Making use of the established strong relation between methanol masers and high-mass star formation, we claim that we have accurately positioned the high-mass protostars within the regions where they are detected. The variety of objects hosting a 6.7GHz methanol maser in NGC7538 shows that this emission probably traces different evolutionary stages within the protostellar phase.

  16. Discovery of Highly Obscured Galaxies in the Zone of Avoidance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. R. Marleau; A. Noriega-Crespo; R. Paladini; D. Clancy; S. Carey; S. Shenoy; K. E. Kraemer; T. Kuchar; D. R. Mizuno; S. Price

    2008-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the discovery of twenty-five previously unknown galaxies in the Zone of Avoidance. Our systematic search for extended extra-galactic sources in the GLIMPSE and MIPSGAL mid-infrared surveys of the Galactic plane has revealed two overdensities of these sources, located around l ~ 47 and 55 degrees and |b| less than 1 degree in the Sagitta-Aquila region. These overdensities are consistent with the local large-scale structure found at similar Galactic longitude and extending from |b| ~ 4 to 40 degrees. We show that the infrared spectral energy distribution of these sources is indeed consistent with those of normal galaxies. Photometric estimates of their redshift indicate that the majority of these galaxies are found in the redshift range z = 0.01 - 0.05, with one source located at z = 0.07. Comparison with known sources in the local Universe reveals that these galaxies are located at similar overdensities in redshift space. These new galaxies are the first evidence of a bridge linking the large-scale structure between both sides of the Galactic plane at very low Galactic latitude and clearly demonstrate the feasibility of detecting galaxies in the Zone of Avoidance using mid-to-far infrared surveys.

  17. The Discovery of Balmer-filaments Encircling SNR RCW 86

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Chris Smith

    1997-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the discovery of Balmer-dominated filaments along almost the complete periphery of the supernova remnant RCW 86 (also known as G 315.2-2.3 or MSH 14-63). Using the UM/CTIO Curtis Schmidt telescope, we obtained deep CCD images in the emission of Halpha and [S II], together with continuum images to remove stellar confusion. After continuum subtraction, we discovered a network of Halpha filaments reaching almost completely around the remnant. Most of the newly identified filaments show no corresponding [S II] emission, indicating that they belong to the peculiar ''Balmer-dominated'' class of filaments. Comparison of these Balmer filaments with existing radio and X-ray images of RCW 86 shows an overall similarity, although interesting differences are apparent upon detailed inspection. While further observations of these newly identified optical filaments may eventually provide more detailed information on the kinematics and distance to RCW 86, the distance currently remains uncertain. We argue that the shorter distance estimates of ~1 kpc are still favored.

  18. THE DISCOVERY OF PULSATING HOT SUBDWARFS IN NGC 2808

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Thomas M. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)] [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Landsman, Wayne B. [Adnet Systems, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)] [Adnet Systems, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Randall, Suzanna K. [European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, D-85748 Garching bei München (Germany)] [European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, D-85748 Garching bei München (Germany); Sweigart, Allen V. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)] [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Lanz, Thierry, E-mail: tbrown@stsci.edu, E-mail: Wayne.Landsman@nasa.gov, E-mail: srandall@eso.org, E-mail: allen.sweigart@gmail.com, E-mail: Thierry.Lanz@oca.eu [Laboratoire Lagrange, UMR7293, Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis, CNRS, Observatoire de la Côte dAzur, F-06304 Nice (France)] [Laboratoire Lagrange, UMR7293, Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis, CNRS, Observatoire de la Côte dAzur, F-06304 Nice (France)

    2013-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the results of a Hubble Space Telescope program to search for pulsating hot subdwarfs in the core of NGC 2808. These observations were motivated by the recent discovery of such stars in the outskirts of ? Cen. Both NGC 2808 and ? Cen are massive globular clusters exhibiting complex stellar populations and large numbers of extreme horizontal branch stars. Our far-UV photometric monitoring of over 100 hot evolved stars has revealed six pulsating subdwarfs with periods ranging from 85 to 149 s and UV amplitudes of 2.0%-6.8%. In the UV color-magnitude diagram of NGC 2808, all six of these stars lie immediately below the canonical horizontal branch, a region populated by the subluminous 'blue-hook' stars. For three of these six pulsators, we also have low-resolution far-UV spectroscopy that is sufficient to broadly constrain their atmospheric abundances and effective temperatures. Curiously, and in contrast to the ? Cen pulsators, the NGC 2808 pulsators do not exhibit the spectroscopic or photometric uniformity one might expect from a well-defined instability strip, although they all fall within a narrow band (0.2 mag) of far-UV luminosity.

  19. North African geology: exploration matrix for potential major hydrocarbon discoveries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kanes, W.H.; O'Connor, T.E.

    1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Based on results and models presented previously, it is possible to consider an exploration matrix that examines the 5 basic exploration parameters: source, reservoir, timing, structure, and seal. This matrix indicates that even those basins that have had marginal exploration successes, including the Paleozoic megabasin and downfaulted Triassic grabens of Morocco, the Cyrenaican platform of Libya, and the Tunisia-Sicily shelf, have untested plays. The exploration matrix also suggests these high-risk areas could change significantly, if one of the 5 basic matrix parameters is upgraded or if adjustments in political or financial risk are made. The Sirte basin and the Gulf of Suez, 2 of the more intensely explored areas, also present attractive matrix prospects, particularly with deeper Nubian beds or with the very shallow Tertiary sections. The Ghadames basin of Libya and Tunisia shows some potential, but its evaluation responds strongly to stratigraphic and external nongeologic matrix variations based on degree of risk exposure to be assumed. Of greatest risk in the matrix are the very deep Moroccan Paleozoic clastic plays and the Jurassic of Sinai. However, recent discoveries may upgrade these untested frontier areas. Based on the matrix generated by the data presented at a North African Petroleum Geology symposium, significant hydrocarbon accumulations are yet to be found. The remaining questions are: where in the matrix does each individual company wish to place its exploration capital and how much should be the risk exposure.

  20. Discovery of a Jupiter/Saturn Analog with Gravitational Microlensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. S. Gaudi; D. P. Bennett; A. Udalski; A. Gould; G. W. Christie; D. Maoz; S. Dong; J. McCormick; M. K. Szymanski; P. J. Tristram; S. Nikolaev; B. Paczynski; M. Kubiak; G. Pietrzynski; I. Soszynski; O. Szewczyk; K. Ulaczyk; L. Wyrzykowski; D. L. DePoy; C. Han; S. Kaspi; C. -U. Lee; F. Mallia; T. Natusch; R. W. Pogge; B. -G. Park; F. Abe; I. A. Bond; C. S. Botzler; A. Fukui; J. B. Hearnshaw; Y. Itow; K. Kamiya; A. V. Korpela; P. M. Kilmartin; W. Lin; K. Masuda; Y. Matsubara; M. Motomura; Y. Muraki; S. Nakamura; T. Okumura; K. Ohnishi; N. J. Rattenbury; T. Sako; To. Saito; S. Sato; L. Skuljan; D. J. Sullivan; T. Sumi; W. L. Sweatman; P. C. M. Yock; M. D. Albrow; A. Allan; J. -P. Beaulieu; M. J. Burgdorf; K. H. Cook; C. Coutures; M. Dominik; S. Dieters; P. Fouque; J. Greenhill; K. Horne; I. Steele; Y. Tsapras; B. Chaboyer; A. Crocker; S. Frank; B. Macintosh

    2008-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Searches for extrasolar planets have uncovered an astonishing diversity of planetary systems, yet the frequency of solar system analogs remains unknown. The gravitational microlensing planet search method is potentially sensitive to multiple-planet systems containing analogs of all the solar system planets except Mercury. We report the detection of a multiple-planet system with microlensing. We identify two planets with masses of ~0.71 and ~0.27 times the mass of Jupiter and orbital separations of ~2.3 and ~4.6 astronomical units orbiting a primary star of mass ~0.50 solar masses at a distance of ~1.5 kiloparsecs. This system resembles a scaled version of our solar system in that the mass ratio, separation ratio, and equilibrium temperatures of the planets are similar to those of Jupiter and Saturn. These planets could not have been detected with other techniques; their discovery from only six confirmed microlensing planet detections suggests that solar system analogs may be common.