Sample records for knowledge base tip

  1. Ammonia Sensors Based on Doped-Sol-Gel-Tipped Optical Fibers...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Sensors Based on Doped-Sol-Gel-Tipped Optical Fibers for Catalyst System Diagnostics Ammonia Sensors Based on Doped-Sol-Gel-Tipped Optical Fibers for Catalyst System Diagnostics...

  2. Design and development of a 329-segment tip-tilt piston mirror array for space-based adaptive optics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Design and development of a 329-segment tip-tilt piston mirror array for space-based adaptive. It consists of 329-hexagonal segments on a 600 m pitch, each with tip/tilt and piston degrees of freedom

  3. Tips: Time-Based Electricity Rates | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatusButler Tina Butler Tina-Butler.jpgLighting Tips:

  4. An Insulating Glass Knowledge Base

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael L. Doll; Gerald Hendrickson; Gerard Lagos; Russell Pylkki; Chris Christensen; Charlie Cureija

    2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report will discuss issues relevant to Insulating Glass (IG) durability performance by presenting the observations and developed conclusions in a logical sequential format. This concluding effort discusses Phase II activities and focuses on beginning to quantifying IG durability issues while continuing the approach presented in the Phase I activities (Appendix 1) which discuss a qualitative assessment of durability issues. Phase II developed a focus around two specific IG design classes previously presented in Phase I of this project. The typical box spacer and thermoplastic spacer design including their Failure Modes and Effect Analysis (FMEA) and Fault Tree diagrams were chosen to address two currently used IG design options with varying components and failure modes. The system failures occur due to failures of components or their interfaces. Efforts to begin quantifying the durability issues focused on the development and delivery of an included computer based IG durability simulation program. The focus/effort to deliver the foundation for a comprehensive IG durability simulation tool is necessary to address advancements needed to meet current and future building envelope energy performance goals. This need is based upon the current lack of IG field failure data and the lengthy field observation time necessary for this data collection. Ultimately, the simulation program is intended to be used by designers throughout the current and future industry supply chain. Its use is intended to advance IG durability as expectations grow around energy conservation and with the growth of embedded technologies as required to meet energy needs. In addition the tool has the immediate benefit of providing insight for research and improvement prioritization. Included in the simulation model presentation are elements and/or methods to address IG materials, design, process, quality, induced stress (environmental and other factors), validation, etc. In addition, acquired data is presented in support of project and model assumptions. Finally, current and suggested testing protocol and procedure for future model validation and IG physical testing are discussed.

  5. THE SOFTWARE KNOWLEDGE BASE Bertrand Meyer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyer, Bertrand

    knowledge base" keeps track of software components and their properties; these properties are described, implementation, testing, project management). The use of the binary relational model for describing the properties of software is hacked by a theoretical study of the relations and constraints which play

  6. A knowledge based approach to preliminary highway bridge design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodward, Richard Dean

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    focuses on the development of a knowledged based system which would help to guide the inexperienced engineer to a preliminary design configuration for highway bridges. The knowledge based system developed in this study focuses on the preliminary design...

  7. Knowledge base machines: requirements and short to medium term possibilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cockshott, P.; Kulkarni, K.; Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Architectures for Large Knowledge Bases University of Manchester [More Details

    Cockshott,P. Kulkarni,K. Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Architectures for Large Knowledge Bases University of Manchester

  8. Towards a Grid Information Knowledge Base , Marios D. Dikaiakos1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pallis, George

    Towards a Grid Information Knowledge Base Wei Xing1 , Marios D. Dikaiakos1 , and Rizos Sakellariou2 present our work on building a Grid infor- mation knowledge base, which is a key component of a semantic Grid information system. A Core Grid Ontology (CGO) is developed for build- ing a Grid knowledge base

  9. The Cognitive Ergonomics of Knowledge-Based Design Support Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Cognitive Ergonomics of Knowledge-Based Design Support Systems Tamara Sumner Knowledge Media, Cognitive Ergonomics, Design, Design Environments, Knowledge-based Systems, Phone-based Interfaces ergonomic; i.e., systems that effectively support designers' cognitive work without hindering their creative

  10. Knowledge Based Enterprises, Knowledge Economy and Knowledge Management: Recommended Academic Journals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graham, Nick

    and Learning International Journal of Learning and Intellectual Capital International Journal of Technology Journal of Information Technology Journal of International Business Studies* Journal of Knowledge of Strategic Information Systems Journal of Technology Transfer Journal of the American Statistical

  11. On-To-Knowledge: Ontology-based Tools for Knowledge Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Harmelen, Frank

    ; (2) OIL, an ontology- based inference layer on top of the World-Wide Web; (3) an associated methodology; (4) validation by industrial case studies. This paper gives an overview of the On-To-Knowledge approach to knowledge management. 1. Heterogeneous Information Resources Need Semantic Access Support

  12. The process for integrating the NNSA knowledge base.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilkening, Lisa K.; Carr, Dorthe Bame; Young, Christopher John; Hampton, Jeff (Lockheed Martin Mission Services, Houston, TX); Martinez, Elaine

    2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    From 2002 through 2006, the Ground Based Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Research & Engineering (GNEMRE) program at Sandia National Laboratories defined and modified a process for merging different types of integrated research products (IRPs) from various researchers into a cohesive, well-organized collection know as the NNSA Knowledge Base, to support operational treaty monitoring. This process includes defining the KB structure, systematically and logically aggregating IRPs into a complete set, and verifying and validating that the integrated Knowledge Base works as expected.

  13. Assertion Absorption in Object Queries over Knowledge Bases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waterloo, University of

    Assertion Absorption in Object Queries over Knowledge Bases Jiewen Wu, Alexander Hudek, David Toman contribute to this development by introducing a novel adaptation of bi- nary absorption for DL knowledge satisfaction problems in which consistency is assumed, and then revisit absorption in this new setting. To date

  14. KNOWLEDGE-BASED DECISION SUPPORT IN OIL WELL DRILLING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aamodt, Agnar

    for capturing and reusing experience and best practice in industrial operations5-7 . CBR as a technology has nowKNOWLEDGE-BASED DECISION SUPPORT IN OIL WELL DRILLING Combining general and case-specific knowledge of Computer and Information Science. agnar.aamodt@idi.ntnu.no Abstract: Oil well drilling is a complex process

  15. NetPal: A Dynamic Network Administration Knowledge Base

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milios, Evangelos E.

    NetPal: A Dynamic Network Administration Knowledge Base Ashley George, Adetokunbo Makanju system designed to assist network administra- tors in their troubleshooting tasks, in recall- ing hosting environments, Net- pal summarises network data and and supports retrieval of relevant

  16. Knowledge-based cluster development in India : opportunities and challenges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singla, Chandan Dev

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Knowledge-based industries tend to cluster. The nature of activities illustrate the importance of networks and virtual and proximity aspects of clustering. Review of existing literature brings out the advantages of clustering ...

  17. Integrating knowledge-based techniques into well-test interpretation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harrison, I.W.; Fraser, J.L. [Artificial Intelligence Applications Inst., Edinburgh (United Kingdom)

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of the Spirit Project was to develop a prototype of next-generation well-test-interpretation (WTI) software that would include knowledge-based decision support for the WTI model selection task. This paper describes how Spirit makes use of several different types of information (pressure, seismic, petrophysical, geological, and engineering) to support the user in identifying the most appropriate WTI model. Spirit`s knowledge-based approach to type-curve matching is to generate several different feasible interpretations by making assumptions about the possible presence of both wellbore storage and late-time boundary effects. Spirit fuses information from type-curve matching and other data sources by use of a knowledge-based decision model developed in collaboration with a WTI expert. The sponsors of the work have judged the resulting prototype system a success.

  18. Soybean Knowledge Base (SoyKB): a Web Resource for Soybean Translation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Soybean Knowledge Base (SoyKB): a Web Resource for Soybean Translational Genomics. Soybean Knowledge Base (SoyKB): a Web Resource for Soybean Translational Genomics. Abstract:...

  19. A Knowledge-based Approach for Lifelike Gesture Stefan Kopp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moeller, Ralf

    A Knowledge-based Approach for Lifelike Gesture Animation Stefan Kopp and Ipke Wachsmuth besides speech has moved into focus of human-computer interface researchers, as humans are more likely of gesture animations for an articulated figure. It com- bines a formalism for the representation

  20. Knowledge-Based Design of Scheduling Systems Jrgen Sauer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appelrath, Hans-Jürgen

    have to decide and control within the scheduling process. In different application areas scheduling1 Knowledge-Based Design of Scheduling Systems Jürgen Sauer Universität Oldenburg, FB Informatik Escherweg 2 D-26121 Oldenburg, Germany sauer@informatik.uni-oldenburg.de Abstract A Scheduling system shall

  1. Genetic Programming of Full Knowledge Bases for Fuzzy Logic Controllers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    Genetic Programming of Full Knowledge Bases for Fuzzy Logic Controllers Daryl Battle Lucent in fuzzy logic control applications. An extension to a rule learning GP system is presented that achieves and fuzzy logic. These methods have proven to be effective in designing intelligent control systems

  2. ISPE: A knowledge-based system for fluidization studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reddy, S.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chemical engineers use mathematical simulators to design, model, optimize and refine various engineering plants/processes. This procedure requires the following steps: (1) preparation of an input data file according to the format required by the target simulator; (2) excecuting the simulation; and (3) analyzing the results of the simulation to determine if all specified goals'' are satisfied. If the goals are not met, the input data file must be modified and the simulation repeated. This multistep process is continued until satisfactory results are obtained. This research was undertaken to develop a knowledge based system, IPSE (Intelligent Process Simulation Environment), that can enhance the productivity of chemical engineers/modelers by serving as an intelligent assistant to perform a variety tasks related to process simulation. ASPEN, a widely used simulator by the US Department of Energy (DOE) at Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) was selected as the target process simulator in the project. IPSE, written in the C language, was developed using a number of knowledge-based programming paradigms: object-oriented knowledge representation that uses inheritance and methods, rulebased inferencing (includes processing and propagation of probabilistic information) and data-driven programming using demons. It was implemented using the knowledge based environment LASER. The relationship of IPSE with the user, ASPEN, LASER and the C language is shown in Figure 1.

  3. Using the DOE Knowledge Base for Special Event Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Armstrong, H.M.; Harris, J.M.; Young, C.J.

    1998-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The DOE Knowledge Base is a library of detailed information whose purpose is to support the United States National Data Center (USNDC) in its mission to monitor compliance with the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). One of the important tasks which the USNDC must accomplish is to periodically perform detailed analysis of events of high interest, so-called "Special Events", to provide the national authority with information needed to make policy decisions. In this paper we investigate some possible uses of the Knowledge Base for Special Event Analysis (SEA), and make recommendations for improving Knowledge Base support for SEA. To analyze an event in detail, there are two basic types of data which must be used sensor-derived data (wave- forms, arrivals, events, etc.) and regiohalized contextual data (known sources, geological characteristics, etc.). Cur- rently there is no single package which can provide full access to both types of data, so for our study we use a separate package for each MatSeis, the Sandia Labs-developed MATLAB-based seismic analysis package, for wave- form data analysis, and ArcView, an ESRI product, for contextual data analysis. Both packages are well-suited to pro- totyping because they provide a rich set of currently available functionality and yet are also flexible and easily extensible, . Using these tools and Phase I Knowledge Base data sets, we show how the Knowledge Base can improve both the speed and the quality of SEA. Empirically-derived interpolated correction information can be accessed to improve both location estimates and associated error estimates. This information can in turn be used to identi~ any known nearby sources (e.g. mines, volcanos), which may then trigger specialized processing of the sensor data. Based on the location estimate, preferred magnitude formulas and discriminants can be retrieved, and any known blockages can be identified to prevent miscalculations. Relevant historic events can be identilled either by spatial proximity searches or through waveform correlation processing. The locations and waveforms of these events can then be made available for side-by-side comparison and processing. If synthetic modeling is thought to be warranted, a wide variety of rele- vant contextu~l information (e.g. crustal thickness and layering, seismic velocities, attenuation factors) can be retrieved and sent to the appropriate applications. Once formedj the synthetics can then be brought in for side-by-side comparison and fhrther processing. Based on our study, we make two general recommendations. First, proper inter-process communication between sensor data analysis software and contextual data analysis sofisvare should be developed. Second, some of the Knowl- edge Base data sets should be prioritized or winnowed to streamline comparison with observed quantities.

  4. Visual detectability analysis associate: a knowledge-based system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haverda, Tony Houston

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , Fischer (1982) points out, knowledge-based systems may be used as tools capable of expanding human potential, and Barr and Feigenbaum (1982, p. 81) go on to state that ". . . many systems can be viewed as consultants that formulate opinions and give.... ) describes AI as ". . . the science of making machines do things that would require intelligence if done by man. " Barr and Feigenbaum (1982) describe AI as a branch of computer science which involves the 20 study of the relationship between computation...

  5. A knowledge based model of electric utility operations. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1993-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This report consists of an appendix to provide a documentation and help capability for an analyst using the developed expert system of electric utility operations running in CLIPS. This capability is provided through a separate package running under the WINDOWS Operating System and keyed to provide displays of text, graphics and mixed text and graphics that explain and elaborate on the specific decisions being made within the knowledge based expert system.

  6. Development of knowledge bases for large steam turbine transients

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leyzerovich, A. [Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO (United States)

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At this time, a number of high-qualified expert teams in different countries have accumulated significant experience in working up and introducing proficient algorithms of automated control, diagnostics, monitoring, on-line informative support, and off-line analysis for large steam turbines of fossil-fired and nuclear power plant units at their transients. In particular, such works were carried out at All-Russia Thermal Engineering Research Institute in Moscow. When put into effect, these developments do improve plant unit operation and maintenance. The creation of these algorithms is based on deep technological research of turbine transients with the use of their mathematical modeling. Currently, the central problem becomes a reiteration and adaptation of these developments to other objects which differ in design, scheme, and operation features. This problem is to be solved at the least cost. For certain complex tasks, it seems to be expedient to use expert system methodology with special knowledge bases. Along with the selection of such tasks, the creation of more or less general knowledge bases requires us to stratify the potential objects according to their principle features. The proposed forms of a knowledge presentation, including the mathematical models and logical rules, should correspond to the considered tasks and objects, as well as to the program tools to be applied. Such developments have been carried out for some tasks of the operating informative support and post-operating analysis of large steam turbine transients as well as their mathematical modeling.

  7. TIP list

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ludwig, M E

    2006-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Subcontractors and vendors providing services, including the installation of purchased goods, are required to complete a TIP List. This list does not include every Environment, Safety, and Health (ES&H) related concern at LLNL. It is intended to highlight major concerns common to most on-site service activities.

  8. Knowledge-based modeling using GIS: nonpoint source pollution application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohite, Mahendra P.

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    loss over the watershed ANSI (2 inch event). . 58 V. l 1 Simulated effect of recommended BMPs on actual soil loss (2 inch event). 59 V. 12 Spatial distribution of the actual soil loss over the watershed ANSI (3 inch event) . . 60 V. 13 Simulated... Modeling Environment 29 IV MATERIALS AND METHODS 1 Inputs from AGNPS/GRASS Interface 33 2 Knowledge-based Approa. ch 35 2. 1 Study Area: Animal Science Watershed (ANSI) 35 2. 2 Identification 2. 3 Watershed Management using Best Management Practices...

  9. Knowledge-based stratigraphic well-log correlation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denton, Michael A.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    represents the formations, and new rules for the knowledge-base that can correlate formations in reservoirs with secondary stratification. This expert system has correlated ovei' 3, 500 ft. of well-log data from three different types of rock sequences... inspirational support. TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT nl DEDICATION ACKNOWLEDGEMENT TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF TABLES x1 LIST OF FIGURES xl1 CHAPTER I ? INTRODUCTION 1. 1 Well-Logs 1. 2 Stratigraphic Well-Log Correlation . 1. 3 Well-Log Correlation...

  10. Identification of threats using linguistics-based knowledge extraction.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chew, Peter A.

    2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the challenges increasingly facing intelligence analysts, along with professionals in many other fields, is the vast amount of data which needs to be reviewed and converted into meaningful information, and ultimately into rational, wise decisions by policy makers. The advent of the world wide web (WWW) has magnified this challenge. A key hypothesis which has guided us is that threats come from ideas (or ideology), and ideas are almost always put into writing before the threats materialize. While in the past the 'writing' might have taken the form of pamphlets or books, today's medium of choice is the WWW, precisely because it is a decentralized, flexible, and low-cost method of reaching a wide audience. However, a factor which complicates matters for the analyst is that material published on the WWW may be in any of a large number of languages. In 'Identification of Threats Using Linguistics-Based Knowledge Extraction', we have sought to use Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) and other similar text analysis techniques to map documents from the WWW, in whatever language they were originally written, to a common language-independent vector-based representation. This then opens up a number of possibilities. First, similar documents can be found across language boundaries. Secondly, a set of documents in multiple languages can be visualized in a graphical representation. These alone offer potentially useful tools and capabilities to the intelligence analyst whose knowledge of foreign languages may be limited. Finally, we can test the over-arching hypothesis--that ideology, and more specifically ideology which represents a threat, can be detected solely from the words which express the ideology--by using the vector-based representation of documents to predict additional features (such as the ideology) within a framework based on supervised learning. In this report, we present the results of a three-year project of the same name. We believe these results clearly demonstrate the general feasibility of an approach such as that outlined above. Nevertheless, there are obstacles which must still be overcome, relating primarily to how 'ideology' should be defined. We discuss these and point to possible solutions.

  11. KUALI TIPS FOR CAPITAL ASSETS NEW OBJECT CODES: These are based upon the Funding Source Code. Owner Field shows Title now.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    KUALI TIPS FOR CAPITAL ASSETS NEW OBJECT CODES: These are based upon the Funding Source Code. Owner Field shows Title now. Decal # Historical Sub Code New Object Code Description Comments OBJECT CODES: To determine which Object Code you should use, you will need to look up the Account Fund

  12. KUALI TIPS FOR CAPITAL ASSETS NEW OBJECT CODES: These are based upon Funding Source vs. Title. Owner Field shows Title now.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    KUALI TIPS FOR CAPITAL ASSETS NEW OBJECT CODES: These are based upon Funding Source vs. Title. Owner Field shows Title now. Decal # Historical Sub Code New Object Code Description 3 8210 8210 CSU) and 8247 (Federal Loaned) are Property Use Only. HOW TO USE THE NEW OBJECT CODES: To determine which Object

  13. Quick Tips: 7 Tips to Researching Companies BASIC TIPS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gering, Jon C.

    Quick Tips: 7 Tips to Researching Companies BASIC TIPS: · Visit the company's website. This is one of the best ways to research a potential employer. You can learn about the company's history, industry, and products, how the company is structured, and being to gain an understanding of the company's culture

  14. Revision of DL-Lite Knowledge Bases Zhe Wang, Kewen Wang, and Rodney Topor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Kewen

    for propositional logic to DLs but no specific revision operators were provided, e.g. [4, 5]. Recently, there haveRevision of DL-Lite Knowledge Bases Zhe Wang, Kewen Wang, and Rodney Topor Griffith University, Australia Abstract. We address the revision problem for knowledge bases (KBs) in De- scription Logics (DLs

  15. Knowledge-based service architecture for multi-risk environmental decision support applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Middleton, Stuart E.

    Knowledge-based service architecture for multi-risk environmental decision support applications and fusion. This paper describes our work to date on environmental service oriented architecture. This paper describes our work to date on knowledge-based service architecture implementations for multi

  16. System and method for knowledge based matching of users in a network

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Verspoor, Cornelia Maria (Santa Fe, NM); Sims, Benjamin Hayden (Los Alamos, NM); Ambrosiano, John Joseph (Los Alamos, NM); Cleland, Timothy James (Los Alamos, NM)

    2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A knowledge-based system and methods to matchmaking and social network extension are disclosed. The system is configured to allow users to specify knowledge profiles, which are collections of concepts that indicate a certain topic or area of interest selected from an. The system utilizes the knowledge model as the semantic space within which to compare similarities in user interests. The knowledge model is hierarchical so that indications of interest in specific concepts automatically imply interest in more general concept. Similarity measures between profiles may then be calculated based on suitable distance formulas within this space.

  17. EXAMPLE FOR COMPLETE MANUSCRIPT STRATEGIC KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT IN SME BASED ON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EXAMPLE FOR COMPLETE MANUSCRIPT STRATEGIC KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT IN SME BASED ON INNOVATION TRANSFER University of Technology Cottbus, Germany ABSTRACT Added value for SME can be determine as knowledge question: whether a given algorithm that enables capital intellectual in SME index and implemented

  18. KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT FOR INDUSTRIAL SAFETY, GENERIC RESOURCE PLATFORM COMBINED WITH AN ONTOLOGY BASED APPROACH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    safety culture to enable effective use of available knowledge for the prevention of major accidentsKNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT FOR INDUSTRIAL SAFETY, GENERIC RESOURCE PLATFORM COMBINED WITH AN ONTOLOGY to manage risks and maintain industrial safety is largely based on the capacity of various actors to acquire

  19. Learning Design based on Graphical Knowledge-By Gilbert Paquette, Michel Lonard, Karin Lundgren-Cayrol,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    design components can guide the construction of learning designs and help to classify them, where knowledge and competencies, learning design and delivery models are constructed in an integrated1 Learning Design based on Graphical Knowledge- Modeling By Gilbert Paquette, Michel Léonard, Karin

  20. A heuristic knowledge base for plant hormone action

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finkelstein, David Benjamin

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by the variance in hormone dose response experiments used in the past (Boerjan et. al 1992). Predicting plant growth based on hormone concentration is akin to predicting the price of a ton of wood fiber based exclusively on the number of acres planted...

  1. Advanced Search Search Tips

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kinosita Jr., Kazuhiko

    Advanced Search Search Tips Advanced Search Search Tips springerlink.com SpringerLink 2,000 40,000 20,000 2010 11 Please visit 7 http://www.springerlink.com GO 1997 1997 SpringerLink Advanced Search Search Tips CONTENT DOI CITATION DOI ISSN ISBN CATEGORY AND DATE LIMITERS Journals Books Protocols

  2. A knowledge-based control paradigm for real-time systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, John H.; Lin, S.K.; Glass, E.

    1988-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors examine the application of knowledge-based symbolic control to the management of execution and configuration of a complex numerical control system. Symbolic processing is used to implement inference of system state and internal...

  3. Biomedical Named Entity Recognition: A Poor Knowledge HMM-Based Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pla, Ferran

    Biomedical Named Entity Recognition: A Poor Knowledge HMM-Based Approach Natalia Ponomareva, Ferran of biomedical enti- ties. In this paper we present our Hidden Markov Model (HMM)-based biomedical NER system the problem of non- uniform distribution among biomedical entity classes and to provide the system

  4. A Dredging Knowledge-Base Expert System for Pipeline Dredges with Comparison to Field Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Derek Alan

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A DREDGING KNOWLEDGE{BASE EXPERT SYSTEM FOR PIPELINE DREDGES WITH COMPARISON TO FIELD DATA A Dissertation by DEREK ALAN WILSON Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial ful llment of the requirements for the degree... of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2010 Major Subject: Ocean Engineering A DREDGING KNOWLEDGE{BASE EXPERT SYSTEM FOR PIPELINE DREDGES WITH COMPARISON TO FIELD DATA A Dissertation by DEREK ALAN WILSON Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A...

  5. Ontology-Based Knowledge Acquisition for Neuromotor Functional Recovery in Stroke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jingshan

    Ontology-Based Knowledge Acquisition for Neuromotor Functional Recovery in Stroke Christopher stroke, the leading cause of adult disability in the United States. The initial severity of hemiparesis response of stroke survivors does not always correlate with their initial level of impairment. This implies

  6. A generic knowledge Model for SME Supply Chain Based on Multiagent Paradigm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A generic knowledge Model for SME Supply Chain Based on Multiagent Paradigm Jihene Tounsi1 Enterprises (SME). These companies evolve in an unstable and complex network. In order to guarantee its role in a supply chain, SME must be able to support the inherent requirements of the supply chain (low lead times

  7. Italsim: A Knowledge-Based Simulation of a PCB Manufacturing Plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLaren, Bruce Martin

    Italsim: A Knowledge-Based Simulation of a PCB Manufacturing Plant Claudio Brancaleoni, Luca Bugno and simulate a printed circuit board (PCB) manufacturing plant. The primary contribution of the system is its be executed by loading, as a starting state, a snapshot of a dynamic plant configuration. Italsim is currently

  8. Web Service Composition as a Planning Task: Experiments using Knowledge-Based Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lespérance, Yves

    ), in this paper, we present some empirical evidence to validate the effectiveness of us- ing knowledge-based planning techniques for solving WSC problems. In our experiments we utilize the PKS (Planning users to register/login prior to browsing resources. Some work has addressed the problem of planning un

  9. Page 1 of 3 Title: eLearning Knowledge Base Group Terms of Reference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidorov, Nikita

    Learning Communications group and Control Interface and Integration group on implications for KB of upgrades · Update) Control Interface and Integration group ­ responsible for testing Control Interface and Integration group the operational delivery of user support documentation via the Knowledge Base (KB) and is under the sponsorship

  10. Knowledge-Based Automation of a Design Method for Concurrent Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knowledge-Based Automation of a Design Method for Concurrent Systems Kevin L. Mills, Senior Member to automate a software design method for concurrent systems. The approach uses multiple paradigms to represent-system shell, compose CODA, an automated designer's assistant. Other forms of automated reasoning

  11. Japan-Mexico Rectors' Summit "Building-up innovative relations for a knowledge-based society"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katsumoto, Shingo

    Japan-Mexico Rectors' Summit "Building-up innovative relations for a knowledge-based society" Joint Statement On June 29, 2011, the Japan-Mexico Rectors' Summit was hosted by the University of Tokyo, at which the importance of elevating the strategic partnership between Mexico and Japan to a new stage through

  12. Incorporating Knowledge of Secondary Structures in a L-System-Based Encoding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    Incorporating Knowledge of Secondary Structures in a L-System-Based Encoding for Protein Folding.Krasnogor@nottingham.ac.uk Abstract. An encoding scheme for protein folding on lattice models, inspired by parametric L that the occurrence of motifs and sub-structures is an important component in protein folding, and these sub

  13. ISPE: A knowledge-based system for fluidization studies. 1990 Annual report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reddy, S.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chemical engineers use mathematical simulators to design, model, optimize and refine various engineering plants/processes. This procedure requires the following steps: (1) preparation of an input data file according to the format required by the target simulator; (2) excecuting the simulation; and (3) analyzing the results of the simulation to determine if all ``specified goals`` are satisfied. If the goals are not met, the input data file must be modified and the simulation repeated. This multistep process is continued until satisfactory results are obtained. This research was undertaken to develop a knowledge based system, IPSE (Intelligent Process Simulation Environment), that can enhance the productivity of chemical engineers/modelers by serving as an intelligent assistant to perform a variety tasks related to process simulation. ASPEN, a widely used simulator by the US Department of Energy (DOE) at Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) was selected as the target process simulator in the project. IPSE, written in the C language, was developed using a number of knowledge-based programming paradigms: object-oriented knowledge representation that uses inheritance and methods, rulebased inferencing (includes processing and propagation of probabilistic information) and data-driven programming using demons. It was implemented using the knowledge based environment LASER. The relationship of IPSE with the user, ASPEN, LASER and the C language is shown in Figure 1.

  14. Knowledge base expert system control of spatial xenon oscillations in pressurized water reactors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alten, S.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear reactor operators are required to pay special attention to spatial xenon oscillations during the load-follow operation of pressurized water reactors. They are expected to observe the axial offset of the core, and to estimate the correct time and amount of necessary control action based on heuristic rules given in axial xenon oscillations are knowledge intensive, and heuristic in nature. An expert system, ACES (Axial offset Control using Expert Systems) is developed to implement a heuristic constant axial offset control procedure to aid reactor operators in increasing the plant reliability by reducing the human error component of the failure probability. ACES is written in a production system language, OPS5, based on the forward chaining algorithm. It samples reactor data with a certain time interval in terms of measurable parameters, such as the power, period, and the axial offset of the core. It then processes the core status utilizing a set of equations which are used in a back of the envelope calculations by domain experts. Heuristic rules of ACES identify the control variable to be used among the full and part length control rods and boron concentration, while a knowledge base is used to determine the amount of control. ACES is designed as a set of generic rules to avoid reducing the system into a set of patterns. Instead ACES evaluates the system, determines the necessary corrective actions in terms of reactivity insertion, and provides this reactivity insertion using the control variables. The amount of control action is determined using a knowledge base which consists of the differential rod worth curves, and the boron reactivity worth of a given reactor. Having the reactor dependent parameters in its knowledge base, ACES is applicable to an arbitrary reactor for axial offset control purposes.

  15. Measuring, monitoring, and assessing software process using PAMPA 2.0 knowledge-based system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jung, Jin Hwan

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Page 1 PAMPA 2.0 Knowledge Base Framework??????????????..?3 2 Integration of Rational Tools & MS Project..?????????????...15 3 PAMPA 2.0 Architecture..?????????????????????16 4 CMM Assessment Procedure..???????????????????..20 5.....??????????????????.......27 2. Rational Unified Process????????????.........27 3. ISO/IEC 12207???????????.??????...28 4. IEEE/EIA 12207..????????????????...28 F. Create an Intelligent Agent to Assess CMM Objectively?.......29 G. Measuring CMM Level???????????.????..30...

  16. Magnet pole tips

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thorn, C.E.; Chasman, C.; Baltz, A.J.

    1981-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved magnet more easily provides a radially increasing magnetic field, as well as reduced fringe field and requires less power for a given field intensity. The subject invention comprises a pair of spaced, opposed magnetic poles which further comprise a pair of pole roots, each having a pole tip attached to its center. The pole tips define the gap between the magnetic poles and at least a portion of each pole tip is separated from its associated pole root. The separation begins at a predetermined distance from the center of the pole root and increases with increasing radial distance while being constant with azimuth within that portion. Magnets in accordance with the subject invention have been found to be particularly advantageous for use in large isochronous cyclotrons.

  17. Knowledge-Based Parallel Performance Technology for Scientific Application Competitiveness Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allen D. Malony; Sameer Shende

    2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary goal of the University of Oregon's DOE "??competitiveness" project was to create performance technology that embodies and supports knowledge of performance data, analysis, and diagnosis in parallel performance problem solving. The target of our development activities was the TAU Performance System and the technology accomplishments reported in this and prior reports have all been incorporated in the TAU open software distribution. In addition, the project has been committed to maintaining strong interactions with the DOE SciDAC Performance Engineering Research Institute (PERI) and Center for Technology for Advanced Scientific Component Software (TASCS). This collaboration has proved valuable for translation of our knowledge-based performance techniques to parallel application development and performance engineering practice. Our outreach has also extended to the DOE Advanced CompuTational Software (ACTS) collection and project. Throughout the project we have participated in the PERI and TASCS meetings, as well as the ACTS annual workshops.

  18. Use of advanced pattern-recognition and knowledge-based system in analyzing dynamometer cards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schirmer, P.; Gay, J.C.; Toutain, P. (Total-CFP (US))

    1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A quick and accurate identification of downhole problems is essential in rod pumping to minimize operating costs and to maximize oil production. TOTAL-CFP developed a system to assist engineers in day-to-day oilfield operations in rod pumping. The system will make rod-pumping expertise available to field operations personnel. It provides a tool for improving data analysis and can be used as a training aid for engineers dealing with rod-pumping wells for the first time. This system has three subsystems: a dynamogram acquisition system, a dynamogram management system, and a knowledge-based system. This paper presents the knowledge-based system, which is used to diagnose downhole problems and to suggest corrective actions. To achieve these goals, the system applies advanced pattern-recognition techniques that consist mainly of structural pattern-recognition methods and hierarchical data structures called quadtrees. The diagnostics and recommendations are based on the analysis of surface dynamometer and downhole cards. The interface between the user and the system is very friendly. The system provides the user with graphical explanations of its diagnostics.

  19. Agent-Based Evolutionary Approach for Interpretable Rule-Based Knowledge Extraction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jin, Yaochu

    College of Electrical Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, PRC 4 Department of Electronic formulation and interpretability-based regulation method. Based on the obtained fuzzy sets, the Pittsburgh of fuzzy systems into considerations. In addition, the fuzzy set agents can cooperate with each other

  20. DECK: Distance and environment-dependent, coarse-grained, knowledge-based potentials for protein-protein docking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Shiyong; Vakser, Ilya A.

    2011-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Background: Computational approaches to protein-protein docking typically include scoring aimed at improving the rank of the near-native structure relative to the false-positive matches. Knowledge-based potentials improve ...

  1. Tips for Proposals | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatusButler Tina Butler Tina-Butler.jpg Tina L. P.nuclearTips for

  2. Proceedings of the 25th Seismic Research Review -- Nuclear Explosion Monitoring: Building the Knowledge Base

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chavez, Francesca C. [Editor; Mendius, E. Louise [Editor

    2003-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    These proceedings contain papers prepared for the 25th Seismic Research Review -- Nuclear Explosion Monitoring: Building the Knowledge Base, held 23-25 September, 2003 in Tucson, Arizona. These papers represent the combined research related to ground-based nuclear explosion monitoring funded by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA), Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), US Army Space and Missile Defense Command, and other invited sponsors. The scientific objectives of the research are to improve the United States capability to detect, locate, and identify nuclear explosions. The purpose of the meeting is to provide the sponsoring agencies, as well as potential users, an opportunity to review research accomplished during the preceding year and to discuss areas of investigation for the coming year. For the researchers, it provides a forum for the exchange of scientific information toward achieving program goals, and an opportunity to discuss results and future plans. Paper topics include: seismic regionalization and calibration; detection and location of sources; wave propagation from source to receiver; the nature of seismic sources, including mining practices; hydroacoustic, infrasound, and radionuclide methods; on-site inspection; and data processing.

  3. Knowledge-based analysis of microarray gene expression data by using support vector machines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    William Grundy; Manuel Ares, Jr.; David Haussler

    2001-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors introduce a method of functionally classifying genes by using gene expression data from DNA microarray hybridization experiments. The method is based on the theory of support vector machines (SVMs). SVMs are considered a supervised computer learning method because they exploit prior knowledge of gene function to identify unknown genes of similar function from expression data. SVMs avoid several problems associated with unsupervised clustering methods, such as hierarchical clustering and self-organizing maps. SVMs have many mathematical features that make them attractive for gene expression analysis, including their flexibility in choosing a similarity function, sparseness of solution when dealing with large data sets, the ability to handle large feature spaces, and the ability to identify outliers. They test several SVMs that use different similarity metrics, as well as some other supervised learning methods, and find that the SVMs best identify sets of genes with a common function using expression data. Finally, they use SVMs to predict functional roles for uncharacterized yeast ORFs based on their expression data.

  4. Gas only nozzle fuel tip

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bechtel, William Theodore (Scotia, NY); Fitts, David Orus (Ballston Spa, NY); DeLeonardo, Guy Wayne (Glenville, NY)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A diffusion flame nozzle gas tip is provided to convert a dual fuel nozzle to a gas only nozzle. The nozzle tip diverts compressor discharge air from the passage feeding the diffusion nozzle air swirl vanes to a region vacated by removal of the dual fuel components, so that the diverted compressor discharge air can flow to and through effusion holes in the end cap plate of the nozzle tip. In a preferred embodiment, the nozzle gas tip defines a cavity for receiving the compressor discharge air from a peripheral passage of the nozzle for flow through the effusion openings defined in the end cap plate.

  5. Machine Shop Safety Tips & Safety Guidelines GENERAL SAFETY TIPS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    Machine Shop Safety Tips & Safety Guidelines GENERAL SAFETY TIPS · Safety glasses with side shields distance away from moving machine parts, work pieces, and cutters. · Use hand tools for their designed to oil, clean, adjust, or repair any machine while it is running. Stop the machine and lock the power

  6. HOMEWORK TIPS Tip. I am not a mind reader

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for something I don't understand, so it is in your best interest to make me understand. Tip. Justify yourself, it is insufficient to simply state an answer, without stating why it is the answer. Tip. Something is better than that's left when you tear paper out of a spiral notebook. I hate that stuff. Lastly, a personal appeal

  7. MoneyTips4Texas Lifestyle Choices & Your Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MoneyTips4Texas Lifestyle Choices & Your Health Andrew B. Crocker Angela B. Burkham Sara L. Dodd: To gain knowledge about factors that may affect personal health and wellness. Objectives: 1. Learn about things which may affect health and wellness. 2. Learn about resources to help improve health and wellness

  8. Soybean Knowledge Base (SoyKB): a Web Resource for Soybean Translational Genomics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joshi, Trupti; Patil, Kapil; Fitzpatrick, Michael R.; Franklin, Levi D.; Yao, Qiuming; Cook, Jeffrey R.; Wang, Zhem; Libault, Marc; Brechenmacher, Laurent; Valliyodan, Babu; Wu, Xiaolei; Cheng, Jianlin; Stacey, Gary; Nguyen, Henry T.; Xu, Dong

    2012-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Background: Soybean Knowledge Base (SoyKB) is a comprehensive all-inclusive web resource for soybean translational genomics. SoyKB is designed to handle the management and integration of soybean genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics data along with annotation of gene function and biological pathway. It contains information on four entities, namely genes, microRNAs, metabolites and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Methods: SoyKB has many useful tools such as Affymetrix probe ID search, gene family search, multiple gene/ metabolite search supporting co-expression analysis, and protein 3D structure viewer as well as download and upload capacity for experimental data and annotations. It has four tiers of registration, which control different levels of access to public and private data. It allows users of certain levels to share their expertise by adding comments to the data. It has a user-friendly web interface together with genome browser and pathway viewer, which display data in an intuitive manner to the soybean researchers, producers and consumers. Conclusions: SoyKB addresses the increasing need of the soybean research community to have a one-stop-shop functional and translational omics web resource for information retrieval and analysis in a user-friendly way. SoyKB can be publicly accessed at http://soykb.org/.

  9. Fuzzy Linguistic Knowledge Based Behavior Extraction for Building Energy Management Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dumidu Wijayasekara; Milos Manic

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant portion of world energy production is consumed by building Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) units. Thus along with occupant comfort, energy efficiency is also an important factor in HVAC control. Modern buildings use advanced Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) control schemes to realize these goals. However, since the performance of HVAC units is dependent on many criteria including uncertainties in weather, number of occupants, and thermal state, the performance of current state of the art systems are sub-optimal. Furthermore, because of the large number of sensors in buildings, and the high frequency of data collection, large amount of information is available. Therefore, important behavior of buildings that compromise energy efficiency or occupant comfort is difficult to identify. This paper presents an easy to use and understandable framework for identifying such behavior. The presented framework uses human understandable knowledge-base to extract important behavior of buildings and present it to users via a graphical user interface. The presented framework was tested on a building in the Pacific Northwest and was shown to be able to identify important behavior that relates to energy efficiency and occupant comfort.

  10. The contribution of knowledge bases to compliance assessment : a case study of industrial maintenance in the gas sector.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , particularly in the field of health, safety and environmental (HSE) risk management. Collaborative research the management of regulatory compliance. Originally oriented towards HSE issues, the long-term intention compliance management system. This paper therefore discusses the criteria for a knowledge base management

  11. Knowledge-based recognition of utility map sub-diagrams Simon J. Hickinbotham and Anthony G. Cohn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leeds, University of

    are represented as Figure 1. sub-diagrams in a typical utility map dotted lines on the map. The layout of cables to find visual objects in utility maps. The literature for extracting line primitives from raster mapsKnowledge-based recognition of utility map sub-diagrams Simon J. Hickinbotham and Anthony G. Cohn

  12. 5x20 Matrix for Knowledge Management Lifecycle Based on the Five C's Model and a Critical Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    5x20 Matrix for Knowledge Management Lifecycle Based on the Five C's Model and a Critical Review the previous efforts that have investigated the models and frameworks of KM lifecycles. Furthermore of coming out and arising the five C's model to be adopted in organizations vis-à-vis other KM lifecycles

  13. SumTime-Turbine: A Knowledge-Based System to Communicate Gas Turbine Time-Series Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reiter, Ehud

    SumTime-Turbine: A Knowledge-Based System to Communicate Gas Turbine Time-Series Data Jin Yu of Aberdeen Aberdeen, AB24 3UE, UK {jyu, ereiter, jhunter, ssripada}@csd.abdn.ac.uk Abstract: SumTime-Turbine produces textual summaries of archived time- series data from gas turbines. These summaries should help

  14. Knowledge-Based Schematics Drafting: Aesthetic Configuration as a Design Task

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valdes-Perez, Raul E.

    Depicting an electrical circuit by a schematic is a tedious task that is a good candidate for automation. Programs that draft schematics with the usual algorithmic approach do not fully exploit knowledge of circuit function, ...

  15. Turbine tip clearance loss mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazur, Steven (Steven Andrew)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Three-dimensional numerical simulations (RANS and URANS) were used to assess the impact of two specific design features, and of aspects of the actual turbine environment, on turbine blade tip loss. The calculations were ...

  16. A survey of Existing V&V, UQ and M&S Data and Knowledge Bases in Support of the Nuclear Energy - Knowledge base for Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-KAMS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hyung Lee; Rich Johnson, Ph.D.; Kimberlyn C. Moussesau

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Nuclear Energy - Knowledge base for Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-KAMS) is being developed at the Idaho National Laboratory in conjunction with Bettis Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratories, Argonne National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Utah State University and others. The objective of this consortium is to establish a comprehensive knowledge base to provide Verification and Validation (V&V) and Uncertainty Quantification (UQ) and other resources for advanced modeling and simulation (M&S) in nuclear reactor design and analysis. NE-KAMS will become a valuable resource for the nuclear industry, the national laboratories, the U.S. NRC and the public to help ensure the safe operation of existing and future nuclear reactors. A survey and evaluation of the state-of-the-art of existing V&V and M&S databases, including the Department of Energy and commercial databases, has been performed to ensure that the NE-KAMS effort will not be duplicating existing resources and capabilities and to assess the scope of the effort required to develop and implement NE-KAMS. The survey and evaluation have indeed highlighted the unique set of value-added functionality and services that NE-KAMS will provide to its users. Additionally, the survey has helped develop a better understanding of the architecture and functionality of these data and knowledge bases that can be used to leverage the development of NE-KAMS.

  17. Duska Rosenberg & Keith Devlin -1 -1/11/07 Information-based Model for Knowledge Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devlin, Keith

    , Organizational Learning, Shared Knowledge, Situation Theory. 1 School of Management, Royal Holloway University use discourse analysis in order to bring to light social and organizational constraints that shape of organizational memory in a large manufacturing firm. The third is focused on analyzing the role of multimedia

  18. A novel school-based intervention to improve nutrition knowledge in children: cluster randomised controlled trial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakshman, Rajalakshmi R; Sharp, Stephen J; Ong, Ken K; Forouhi, Nita G

    2010-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    control schools (comprising 1133 children) completed the trial. The main reason for non-completion was time pressure of the school curriculum. Mean total nutrition knowledge score increased by 1.1 in intervention (baseline to follow-up: 28.3 to 29.2) and 0...

  19. Knowledge-based Scienti c Discovery in Geological Databases Cen Li and Gautam Biswas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is be- coming crucial in oil exploration and production. It is common knowledge in the oil industry/geological data from production wells and exploration sites, and then organizing them into large databases. Can estimates of oil and gas reserves ?" In qualitative terms, good recoverable reserves have high hydrocarbon

  20. Turbine blade with contoured chamfered squealer tip

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lee, Ching-Pang

    2014-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A squealer tip formed from a pressure side tip wall and a suction side tip wall extending radially outward from a tip of the turbine blade is disclosed. The pressure and suction side tip walls may be positioned along the pressure sidewall and the suction sidewall of the turbine blade, respectively. The pressure side tip wall may include a chamfered leading edge with film cooling holes having exhaust outlets positioned therein. An axially extending tip wall may be formed from at least two outer linear surfaces joined together at an intersection forming a concave axially extending tip wall. The axially extending tip wall may include a convex inner surface forming a radially outer end to an inner cavity forming a cooling system. The cooling system may include one or more film cooling holes in the axially extending tip wall proximate to the suction sidewall, which promotes increased cooling at the pressure and suction sidewalls.

  1. Gas-Saving Tips

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Properly Tuned Fixing a car that is noticeably out of tune or has failed an emis- sions test can improve its gas mileage by an average of 4 percent. However, results vary based on...

  2. Scanning tip microwave near field microscope

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Xiang, Xiao-Dong (Alameda, CA); Schultz, Peter G. (Oakland, CA); Wei, Tao (Albany, CA)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A microwave near field microscope has a novel microwave probe structure wherein the probing field of evanescent radiation is emitted from a sharpened metal tip instead of an aperture or gap. This sharpened tip, which is electrically and mechanically connected to a central electrode, extends through and beyond an aperture in an endwall of a microwave resonating device such as a microwave cavity resonator or a microwave stripline resonator. Since the field intensity at the tip increases as the tip sharpens, the total energy which is radiated from the tip and absorbed by the sample increases as the tip sharpens. The result is improved spatial resolution without sacrificing sensitivity.

  3. Keep Communication Professional BASIC TIPS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gering, Jon C.

    Keep Communication Professional BASIC TIPS: Staying professional in your career is vital. You the way through your career until you retire. It's important to not become too casual when communicating with employers or other professionals while seeking an internship/co-op. Don't use slang when communicating

  4. Turbine blade tip flow discouragers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bunker, Ronald Scott (Niskayuna, NY)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A turbine assembly comprises a plurality of rotating blade portions in a spaced relation with a stationery shroud. The rotating blade portions comprise a root section, a tip portion and an airfoil. The tip portion has a pressure side wall and a suction side wall. A number of flow discouragers are disposed on the blade tip portion. In one embodiment, the flow discouragers extend circumferentially from the pressure side wall to the suction side wall so as to be aligned generally parallel to the direction of rotation. In an alternative embodiment, the flow discouragers extend circumferentially from the pressure side wall to the suction side wall so as to be aligned at an angle in the range between about 0.degree. to about 60.degree. with respect to a reference axis aligned generally parallel to the direction of rotation. The flow discouragers increase the flow resistance and thus reduce the flow of hot gas flow leakage for a given pressure differential across the blade tip portion so as to improve overall turbine efficiency.

  5. A knowledge-based system for control of xenon-induced spatial power oscillations during load-follow operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chung, Sun-Kyo; Danofsky, R.A.; Spinrad, B.I.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As is well known, large pressurized water reactors (PWRs) are subject to xenon-induced axial power oscillations at some time during a given cycle. Attention to this behavior is required during load-follow operations. A knowledge-based system for controlling xenon-induced spatial power oscillations is described. Experience with a limited set of load-follow patterns has demonstrated that the system is capable of providing advice on appropriate control actions. A simulation model, coupled with a rule-learning process, has been found to be a useful way for determining appropriate weights for the rules that relate power patterns and control actions.

  6. Understanding biological form: a knowledge based environment to study form change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiwary, Ashutosh

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the Brain. . . . . . . 32 Study Techniques for Neuroanatomical Structures . 34 Properties and Measures of Cellular Structures Cortical Cytoarchitectonics: A Macrostructure de6ned from Microstructure . . . . . . . . . . 41 Comparison of Cytoarchitecture...: Geometric Vlappings between Architectonic Boundaries . . . . . . . 64 Summary of Neuroanatomical Properties . . . . I1 Previous Studies in Computer Based Cytoarchitectural Vtlapping . . . . . . . . . i3 Landmark-Based klapping Elastic Boundary...

  7. Loss mechanisms in turbine tip clearance flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Arthur (Arthur C.)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Numerical simulations of tip clearance ow have been carried out to dene the loss generation mechanisms associated with tip leakage in unshrouded axial turbines. Mix- ing loss between the leakage, which takes the form of a ...

  8. Make the Grade General Test Taking Tips

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasman, Alex

    Make the Grade General Test Taking Tips Adapted from: The Academic Skills Center At California Polytechnic State University Tips Before, During, and After the Test Here are some tips you can implement to help you through tests. Try implementing these techniques to make the grade! Before Start to prepare

  9. Injector tip for an internal combustion engine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shyu, Tsu Pin; Ye, Wen

    2003-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention relates to a the tip structure of a fuel injector as used in a internal combustion engine. Internal combustion engines using Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) technology require a tip structure that directs fuel spray in a downward direction. This requirement necessitates a tip design that is capable of withstanding mechanical stresses associated with the design.

  10. A Knowledge-Based Approach for Power-Plant Availability Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, A. Chandra Shekar

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , this is a very powerful approach. When common- mode failures are to be included, this approach is not valid and the transition rate matrix approach needs to be used. C. GO Block Logic System The GO Availability Analysis Methodology was developed by EPRI... in Fig. 14. is based upon one of the designs developed by EPRI to aid in the evaluation of the economic benefits of potential improvements in advanced gas turbine reliaibility. The failure snd repair rates are based on previous historic data. Both...

  11. SUPPORTING DOMAIN SPECIFIC WEB-BASED SEARCH USING HEURISTIC KNOWLEDGE EXTRACTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunanathan, Sudharsan

    2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    extracted. The various heuristics that are used for the 3 features are described below. Date Pattern based date search: The news articles specify dates in some specific formats such as ? ?16th July 2006?, ?02/16/2006?, ?16-JUL-06?. So pattern... is supervised learning, where the model should approximate the mapping between the input Manuscript received February 27, 2006; revised January 6, 2007. This paper was recommended by Editor L. Mark. The authors are with Honda Research Institute Europe, Offenbach...

  12. Knowledge-based intelligent controller architecture for a real-time dynamic system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glass, Emily Ann

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Painter (Chair ol' Committee) c L C c Sallie Sheppard (iVIember) Shiping Li (3''Iernber) Karen Watson (itlember) Jo Howze (flea d of Department) ivlay 1990 ABSTRACT Ifnov, ledge-Base&i Intelligent Controller Architecturr. for a Real... of the Power System 'vlodel 1. The Circuit Itlodel 2. Continuous-Time State Analysis 3. Discretization 4. Feedback o. Simulation Peculis, rities . . 9 . . . 9 . . . 19 . . . 30 . 33 III. IIvIPLEUIEVTATIOrV OF THE ItVTELLIGEXT CONTROLLER . . . . . 39...

  13. Metered Data Analysis and Knowledge Based Methods that Reduce HVAC Operation and Maintenance Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Smith, L.; Kreider, J. F.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ehown. The ice rink and steam heat reclaim tend to reduce readinge on the D.H.W. converter, hence they are included ae negative loads. This end-uae distribution diagram eerved ae a basic framework for the construction of the rule- base. were either... containing a gymnaeium, a full-eize indoor ice rink, competition eviming and diving pools, handball and racketball courte, a lobby, men'e and women's locker roome, a eyeteme exerciee room, a free-weight room, equipment check- out, a laundry...

  14. Effects of increasing tip velocity on wind turbine rotor design.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Resor, Brian Ray; Maniaci, David Charles; Berg, Jonathan Charles; Richards, Phillip William

    2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A reduction in cost of energy from wind is anticipated when maximum allowable tip velocity is allowed to increase. Rotor torque decreases as tip velocity increases and rotor size and power rating are held constant. Reduction in rotor torque yields a lighter weight gearbox, a decrease in the turbine cost, and an increase in the capacity for the turbine to deliver cost competitive electricity. The high speed rotor incurs costs attributable to rotor aero-acoustics and system loads. The increased loads of high speed rotors drive the sizing and cost of other components in the system. Rotor, drivetrain, and tower designs at 80 m/s maximum tip velocity and 100 m/s maximum tip velocity are created to quantify these effects. Component costs, annualized energy production, and cost of energy are computed for each design to quantify the change in overall cost of energy resulting from the increase in turbine tip velocity. High fidelity physics based models rather than cost and scaling models are used to perform the work. Results provide a quantitative assessment of anticipated costs and benefits for high speed rotors. Finally, important lessons regarding full system optimization of wind turbines are documented.

  15. Tips: Appliances | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatusButler Tina Butler Tina-Butler.jpg Tina L.Ducts Tips: Air

  16. Tips: Laundry | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatusButler Tina Butler Tina-Butler.jpg TinaLaundry Tips: Laundry

  17. Tips: Lighting | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatusButler Tina Butler Tina-Butler.jpg TinaLaundry Tips:

  18. Tips: References | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatusButler Tina Butler Tina-Butler.jpg TinaLaundryReferences Tips:

  19. Tips: Transportation | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatusButler Tina Butler Tina-Butler.jpgLighting Tips:Transportation

  20. Tips: Windows | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatusButler Tina Butler Tina-Butler.jpgLightingWindows Tips: Windows

  1. Participatory learning and knowledge assessment with a game-based method relying on student-generated questions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abad, Enrique; Gil, Julia

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A game based on student-generated multiple-choice questions (MCQs) was used to promote participatory learning and as a knowledge assessment tool in the framework of an elementary course in Photonics. Under the instructor's guidance, students were asked to author MCQs, including both question stems and four possible answers (three distractors and one correct answer). They were told that good enough questions would enter a repository from which MCQs for the final exam could be drawn. The student-generated MCQs were then reviewed by the instructor, who discarded unsuitable questions and made amendments to ensure quality standards. The resulting repository (with the key to the correct answers) was made available to the students, whereupon a subset of questions were selected by the instructor to set the MCQ test for the final exam (consisting of a MCQ test based on student-generated questions and a problem-solving part set entirely by the instructor). The MCQ repository was large enough to ensure that rote learnin...

  2. The BREIN-Roadmap with PROMOTE : A Use-Case Scenario of a Service-Based Knowledge Management Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert Woitsch; Andrea Leutgeb

    Abstract: BREIN is an FP6 EC-Project dealing with the development of an intelligent grid infrastructure. A key knowledge management challenge to be addressed within the project is the distribution of the results from the project to the software development community, in order to foster the usage of the BREIN middleware. Therefore this project introduces the BREIN Roadmap. The Roadmap is realized applying the knowledge management approach PROMOTE that enables the knowledge transformation and distribution.

  3. Turbine blade tip with offset squealer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bunker, Ronald Scott (Niskayuna, NY)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An industrial turbine assembly comprises a plurality of rotating blade portions in a spaced relation with a stationary shroud. The rotating blade includes a root section, an airfoil having a pressure sidewall and a suction sidewall defining an outer periphery and a tip portion having a tip cap. An offset squealer is disposed on the tip cap. The offset squealer is positioned inward from the outer periphery of the rotating blade. The offset squealer increases the flow resistance and reduces the flow of hot gas flow leakage for a given pressure differential across the blade tip portion so as to improve overall turbine efficiency.

  4. High Level Requirements for the Nuclear Energy -- Knowledge Base for Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-KAMS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rich Johnson; Hyung Lee; Kimberlyn C. Mousseau

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Energy, Office of Nuclear Energy (DOE-NE), has been tasked with the important mission of ensuring that nuclear energy remains a compelling and viable energy source in the U.S. The motivations behind this mission include cost-effectively meeting the expected increases in the power needs of the country, reducing carbon emissions and reducing dependence on foreign energy sources. In the near term, to ensure that nuclear power remains a key element of U.S. energy strategy and portfolio, the DOE-NE will be working with the nuclear industry to support safe and efficient operations of existing nuclear power plants. In the long term, to meet the increasing energy needs of the U.S., the DOE-NE will be investing in research and development (R&D) and working in concert with the nuclear industry to build and deploy new, safer and more efficient nuclear power plants. The safe and efficient operations of existing nuclear power plants and designing, licensing and deploying new reactor designs, however, will require focused R&D programs as well as the extensive use and leveraging of advanced modeling and simulation (M&S). M&S will play a key role in ensuring safe and efficient operations of existing and new nuclear reactors. The DOE-NE has been actively developing and promoting the use of advanced M&S in reactor design and analysis through its R&D programs, e.g., the Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS) and Consortium for Advanced Simulation of Light Water Reactors (CASL) programs. Also, nuclear reactor vendors are already using CFD and CSM, for design, analysis, and licensing. However, these M&S tools cannot be used with confidence for nuclear reactor applications unless accompanied and supported by verification and validation (V&V) and uncertainty quantification (UQ) processes and procedures which provide quantitative measures of uncertainty for specific applications. The Nuclear Energy Knowledge base for Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-KAMS) is being developed at the Idaho National Laboratory in conjunction with Bettis Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratories, Argonne National Laboratory, Utah State University and others with the objective of establishing a comprehensive and web-accessible knowledge base that will provide technical services and resources for V&V and UQ of M&S in nuclear energy sciences and engineering. The knowledge base will serve as an important resource for technical exchange and collaboration that will enable credible and reliable computational models and simulations for application to nuclear reactor design, analysis and licensing. NE-KAMS will serve as a valuable resource for the nuclear industry, academia, the national laboratories, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the public and will help ensure the safe, economical and reliable operation of existing and future nuclear reactors. From its inception, NE-KAMS will directly support nuclear energy research, development and demonstration programs within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), including the CASL, NEAMS, Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS), Small Modular Reactors (SMR), and Next Generation Nuclear Power Plant (NGNP) programs. These programs all involve M&S of nuclear reactor systems, components and processes, and it is envisioned that NE-KAMS will help to coordinate and facilitate collaboration and sharing of resources and expertise for V&V and UQ across these programs.

  5. Knowledge-based control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, John H.

    1992-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    , are examined. An aeronautical application is used to illuminate the concepts examined. Two levels of architecture are presented for implementing qualitative decision and control for an aircraft. A geometric rather than algebraic approach is taken...

  6. Tips for Reading Scholarly and Journal Articles What is a scholarly journal/journal article?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, Barry B.

    the article, be SURE to cite the source, see Brandeis' Academic Integrity page *** Quoting for definitionsTips for Reading Scholarly and Journal Articles What is a scholarly journal/journal article articles in them are how that knowledge is shared with others (like students!). In order to stay up

  7. Tips and Resources for Truman Organizational Advisors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gering, Jon C.

    Tips and Resources for Truman Organizational Advisors Presented by: Iliyana Kuneva, Student Assistant Center for Student Involvement #12;Overview · What Students Need from You as Advisors · Advising Styles · Tips to be a Successful Advisor · Advisors on Truman's Campus · CSI Resources · Student Union

  8. Radio-frequency quadrupole vane-tip geometries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crandall, K.R.; Mills, R.S.; Wangler, T.P.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Radio-frequency quadrupole (RFQ) linacs are becoming widely accepted in the accelerator community. They have the remarkable capability of simultaneously bunching low-energy ion beams and accelerating them to energies at which conventional accelerators can be used, accomplishing this with high-transmission efficiencies and low-emittance growths. The electric fields, used for radial focusing, bunching, and accelerating, are determined by the geometry of the vane tips. The choice of the best vane-tip geometry depends on considerations such as the peak surface electric field, per cent of higher multipole components, and ease of machining. We review the vane-tip geometry based on the ideal two-term potential function and briefly describe a method for calculating the electric field components in an RFQ cell with arbitrary vane-tip geometry. We describe five basic geometries and use the prototype RFQ design for the Fusion Materials Irradiation Test (FMIT) accelerator as an example to compare the characteristics of the various geometries.

  9. Tip cap for a turbine rotor blade

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kimmel, Keith D

    2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A turbine rotor blade with a spar and shell construction, and a tip cap that includes a row of lugs extending from a bottom side that form dovetail grooves that engage with similar shaped lugs and grooves on a tip end of the spar to secure the tip cap to the spar against radial displacement. The lug on the trailing edge end of the tip cap is aligned perpendicular to a chordwise line of the blade in the trailing edge region in order to minimize stress due to the lugs wanting to bend under high centrifugal loads. A two piece tip cap with lugs at different angles will reduce the bending stress even more.

  10. Published in `AI Communications 9 journal', pp1-17. Published by IOS Press (1996) TIGERTM: Knowledge Based Gas Turbine Condition Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Travé-Massuyès, Louise

    : Knowledge Based Gas Turbine Condition Monitoring Dr. Robert Milne and Dr. Charlie Nicol Intelligent, 11 Colon, Barcelona, 08222 Terrassa. Spain 1. INTRODUCTION Given the critical nature of gas turbines and increasing the availability of the gas turbine. Routine preventative maintenance techniques have been used

  11. The Knowledge Based Bio-Economy at work: from large scale experiences to instruments for rural and local development G. Henry and E.J. Trigo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    The Knowledge Based Bio-Economy at work: from large scale experiences to instruments for rural BIO-ECONOMY AT WORK: FROM LARGE SCALE EXPERIENCES TO INSTRUMENTS FOR RURAL AND LOCAL DEVELOPMENT Guy Email: ejtrigo@gmail.com Abstract - The new bio-economy is increasingly seen as a workable alternative

  12. Knowledge information management toolkit and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hempstead, Antoinette R.; Brown, Kenneth L.

    2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A system is provided for managing user entry and/or modification of knowledge information into a knowledge base file having an integrator support component and a data source access support component. The system includes processing circuitry, memory, a user interface, and a knowledge base toolkit. The memory communicates with the processing circuitry and is configured to store at least one knowledge base. The user interface communicates with the processing circuitry and is configured for user entry and/or modification of knowledge pieces within a knowledge base. The knowledge base toolkit is configured for converting knowledge in at least one knowledge base from a first knowledge base form into a second knowledge base form. A method is also provided.

  13. Training For Industry Program (TIP) (Oklahoma)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Oklahoma Department of Career and Technology Education runs the Training For Industry Program (TIP) is a no-cost/low-cost way for new or growing companies that create jobs to get a skilled,...

  14. Calculator Tips for TI-30XA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owen Davis

    2013-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

    TI-30XA Calculator Tips. Calculator Memory. - To use the memory function, hit the STO key to store a number in either memory 1, 2, or 3. o To store the product of...

  15. Perceptions and Knowledge of Evidence-based Literacy Instruction among Elementary School Teachers of English Language Learners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barr, Sheldon Martin

    2013-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    district, and one border district. A total of 1,016 ELLs in kindergarten participated in the study. The findings of the research study suggest that Spanish-speaking students with high Spanish letter name and sound knowledge tend to show high levels...

  16. Email Tips Page 1 of 4 Updated 1/25/2011 Email Tips / Best Practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carmichael, Owen

    . Another tip is to use `boiler plates' for common responses (eg. signature blocks). Many email programs to disable new-mail notification · In your mail database, you can press F9 to see new mail on command. Email Tips Page 2 of 4 Updated 1/25/2011 #12;Setting Up Filters · Open your mail database and click the RULES

  17. Tips for Preparing SES Applications

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A well- written resume is critical when applying to Resume Based vacancy announcements for Senior Executive Service (SES) positions. Your resume needs to demonstrate your leadership/managerial...

  18. Electrochemical sharpening of field emission tips

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bernhardt, Anthony F. (Berkeley, CA)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for sharpening field emitter tips by electroetching/polishing. In gated field emitters, it is very important to initiate electron emission at the lowest possible voltage and thus the composition of the emitter and the gate, as well as the emitter-gate structure, are important factors. This method of sharpening the emitter tips uses the grid as a counter electrode in electroetching of the emitters, which can produce extremely sharp emitter tips as well as remove asperities and other imperfections in the emitters, each in relation to the specific grid hole in which it resides. This has the effect of making emission more uniform among the emitters as well as lowering the turn-on voltage.

  19. Turbine blade squealer tip rail with fence members

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Little, David A

    2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A turbine blade includes an airfoil, a blade tip section, a squealer tip rail, and a plurality of chordally spaced fence members. The blade tip section includes a blade tip floor located at an end of the airfoil distal from the root. The blade tip floor includes a pressure side and a suction side joined together at chordally spaced apart leading and trailing edges of the airfoil. The squealer tip rail extends radially outwardly from the blade tip floor adjacent to the suction side and extends from a first location adjacent to the airfoil trailing edge to a second location adjacent to the airfoil leading edge. The fence members are located between the airfoil leading and trailing edges and extend radially outwardly from the blade tip floor and axially from the squealer tip rail toward the pressure side.

  20. Nuclear Energy -- Knowledge Base for Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-KAMS) Code Verification and Validation Data Standards and Requirements: Fluid Dynamics Version 1.0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greg Weirs; Hyung Lee

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    V&V and UQ are the primary means to assess the accuracy and reliability of M&S and, hence, to establish confidence in M&S. Though other industries are establishing standards and requirements for the performance of V&V and UQ, at present, the nuclear industry has not established such standards or requirements. However, the nuclear industry is beginning to recognize that such standards are needed and that the resources needed to support V&V and UQ will be very significant. In fact, no single organization has sufficient resources or expertise required to organize, conduct and maintain a comprehensive V&V and UQ program. What is needed is a systematic and standardized approach to establish and provide V&V and UQ resources at a national or even international level, with a consortium of partners from government, academia and industry. Specifically, what is needed is a structured and cost-effective knowledge base that collects, evaluates and stores verification and validation data, and shows how it can be used to perform V&V and UQ, leveraging collaboration and sharing of resources to support existing engineering and licensing procedures as well as science-based V&V and UQ processes. The Nuclear Energy Knowledge base for Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-KAMS) is being developed at the Idaho National Laboratory in conjunction with Bettis Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratories, Argonne National Laboratory, Utah State University and others with the objective of establishing a comprehensive and web-accessible knowledge base to provide V&V and UQ resources for M&S for nuclear reactor design, analysis and licensing. The knowledge base will serve as an important resource for technical exchange and collaboration that will enable credible and reliable computational models and simulations for application to nuclear power. NE-KAMS will serve as a valuable resource for the nuclear industry, academia, the national laboratories, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the public and will help ensure the safe, economical and reliable operation of existing and future nuclear reactors.

  1. Inside this issue: Green Holiday Tips 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kidd, William S. F.

    Inside this issue: Message 1 Green Holiday Tips 2 Real vs. Fake Tree 3 Semester wrap up: Energy a record number of CFL bulbs being distributed in the living residences, had another great energy campaign such as compost bins, bird feeders, energy/water saving appliances, bikes or bus passes make great gifts! Make

  2. Disdrometer and Tipping Bucket Rain Gauge Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bartholomew. MJ

    2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Distromet disdrometer model RD-80 and NovaLynx tipping bucket rain gauge model 260-2500E-12 are two devices deployed a few meters apart to measure the character and amount of liquid precipitation. The main purpose of the disdrometer is to measure drop size distribution, which it does over 20 size classes from 0.3 mm to 5.4 mm. The data from both instruments can be used to determine rain rate. The disdrometer results can also be used to infer several properties including drop number density, radar reflectivity, liquid water content, and energy flux. Two coefficients, N0 and ?, from an exponential fit between drop diameter and drop number density, are routinely calculated. Data are collected once a minute. The instruments make completely different kinds of measurements. Rain that falls on the disdrometer sensor moves a plunger on a vertical axis. The disdrometer transforms the plunger motion into electrical impulses whose strength is proportional to drop diameter. The rain gauge is the conventional tipping bucket type. Each tip collects an amount equivalent to 0.01 in. of water, and each tip is counted by a data acquisition system anchored by a Campbell CR1000 data logger.

  3. MOTOR VEHICLE USE PROGRAM DRIVER SAFETY TIPS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MOTOR VEHICLE USE PROGRAM DRIVER SAFETY TIPS Observe Speed Limits and Traffic Laws Allow - Employees who drive Institute or privately owned vehicles on Institute business must possess and carry person. Insurance - Employees who operate their privately owned vehicles on Institute business shall

  4. Research Administration & Finance Tip of the Week

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salama, Khaled

    Research Administration & Finance Tip of the Week Catalogue of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Overview What is a CFDA number? The Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) is a government. The complete CFDA number is a five digit number, XX.XXX, where the first two digits represent the Funding

  5. Tips For Residential Heating Oil Tank Owners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maroncelli, Mark

    · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · Tips For Residential Heating Oil Tank Owners Source: DEP Fact Sheet Residential heating oil tanks are used to store fuel for furnaces or boilers to heat homes. The tanks can either be aboveground tanks, normally located in basements or utility rooms

  6. Role of tip clearance flow on axial compressor stability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vo, Huu Duc, 1971-

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An examination of the fluid dynamic phenomena that link tip clearance flow to the formation of short length-scale (spike) rotating stall disturbances has been carried out. It is found that the onset of growth in tip clearance ...

  7. Policy Flash 2009-01 Tips for Processing Financial Assistance...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    09-01 Tips for Processing Financial Assistance Actions in STRIPES Policy Flash 2009-01 Tips for Processing Financial Assistance Actions in STRIPES Attached is Policy Flash 2009-01...

  8. Cooling circuit for a gas turbine bucket and tip shroud

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Willett, Fred Thomas (25 Long Creek Dr., Burnt Hills, NY 12027); Itzel, Gary Michael (12 Cider Mill Dr., Clifton Park, NY 12065); Stathopoulos, Dimitrios (11 Wyngate Rd., Glenmont, NY 12077); Plemmons, Larry Wayne (late of Hamilton, OH); Plemmons, Helen M. (2900 Long Ridge Trails, Hamilton, OH 45014); Lewis, Doyle C. (444 River Way, Greer, SC 29651)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An open cooling circuit for a gas turbine bucket wherein the bucket has an airfoil portion, and a tip shroud, the cooling circuit including a plurality of radial cooling holes extending through the airfoil portion and communicating with an enlarged internal area within the tip shroud before exiting the tip shroud such that a cooling medium used to cool the airfoil portion is subsequently used to cool the tip shroud.

  9. COPYRIGHT 2003 by ASME AERODYNAMICS OF TIP LEAKAGE FLOWS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camci, Cengiz

    COPYRIGHT 2003 by ASME 1 AERODYNAMICS OF TIP LEAKAGE FLOWS NEAR PARTIAL SQUEALER RIMS IN AN AXIAL of aerodynamic characteristics of full and partial-length squealer rims in a turbine stage. Full and partial of these "partial squealer tips" and their chordwise position are varied to find an optimal aerodynamic tip

  10. A Knowledge-Based System for Auditor's Reports Mohamed A. Wahdan, Maastricht School of Management, The Netherlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spronck, Pieter

    -Based System for Auditor's Reports Mohamed A. Wahdan, Maastricht School of Management, The Netherlands Pieter Spronck, IKAT, Faculty of General Sciences, Universiteit Maastricht, The Netherlands Hamdi F. Ali, Maastricht School of Management, The Netherlands Eddy Vaassen, AIM, Faculty of Economics, Universiteit

  11. Using domain-specific and generic knowledge to support discovery learning about geometrical optics in a computer-based simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    . These studies aimed at clarifying some of the constraints of discovery learning in computer-based simulations to elicit scientific discovery learning behavior. The Optics simulation offers a versatile and dynamic discovery learning processes, all actions that students performed in the Optics simulation were registered

  12. Knowledge Infusion Leslie G. Valiant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valiant, Leslie

    Knowledge Infusion Leslie G. Valiant Division of Engineering and Applied Sciences Harvard as by their economy in the use of external data. In this paper we propose a theoretical basis for knowl- edge infusion in terms of robust logic. Knowledge infusion based on robust logic can be distinguished from other cur

  13. Adjustable Speed Pumping Applications: Industrial Technologies Program (ITP) Pumping Systems Tip Sheet #11

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This two-page tip sheet provides practical tips on application of Adjustable Speed Drives in industrial settings.

  14. Deactivation & Decommissioning Knowledge Management Information...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and use by its users supporting a strategic vision of its knowledge base becoming self-sustaining through active participation by the D&D community of practice. Deactivation &...

  15. Modeling of crack tip high inertia zone in dynamic brittle fracture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karedla-Ravi, Shankar

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    energy dissipation around the crack tip and is assumed to be a function of external energy per volume input into the system. Finite element analysis is performed on PMMA with constant velocity boundary conditions and mesh discretization based on the work...

  16. aerospace knowledge diffusion: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to codify: Implications for the knowledge - based economy" Prometheus 19 Richards, Debbie 15 Inverse diffusion from knowledge of power densities Guillaume Bal Mathematics...

  17. Melt-Mixing by Novel Pitched-Tip Kneading Disks in a co-rotating Twin-Screw Extruder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nakayama, Yasuya; Shigeishi, Takashi; Tomiyama, Hideki; Kajiwara, Toshihisa

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Melt-mixing in twin-screw extruders is a key process for development of polymer composites, and quantification of mixing performance of kneading elements based on the physical process in them is a challenging problem. We discuss melt-mixing by novel kneading elements, called "pitched-tip kneading disk (ptKD)". Disk-stagger angle and tip angle are the main geometrical parameters of the ptKDs. We investigated four typical arrangements of the ptKDs, which are forwarding and backwarding disk-staggers combined with forwarding and backwarding tips, respectively. Numerical simulations under a certain feed rate and screw revolution speed were performed and mixing process was investigated by using Lagrangian statistics. It is found that the four types had different mixing characteristics, and their mixing processes were explained by a coupling effect of drag flow by disk staggering and pitched-tip and pressure flow, which is controlled by operational conditions.

  18. After a Disaster: Recovery Safety Tips

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FCS Project Team - FDRM UNIT

    2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    . Natural gas leaks are the top cause of fires after a disaster. That is why you never turn gas back on by yourself. Contact your local utility company for a trained professional to restore your gas service. ? Prevent carbon monoxide poisoning. Carbon... Disaster: Recovery Safety Tips enclosed area ? even if the area has ventilation. Opening doors and windows or using fans will not prevent carbon monoxide from building up in the home. If you start to feel sick, dizzy, or weak while using a generator...

  19. Turbine blade tip gap reduction system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Diakunchak, Ihor S.

    2012-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A turbine blade sealing system for reducing a gap between a tip of a turbine blade and a stationary shroud of a turbine engine. The sealing system includes a plurality of flexible seal strips extending from a pressure side of a turbine blade generally orthogonal to the turbine blade. During operation of the turbine engine, the flexible seal strips flex radially outward extending towards the stationary shroud of the turbine engine, thereby reducing the leakage of air past the turbine blades and increasing the efficiency of the turbine engine.

  20. Tips for Writing a Competitive User Proposal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatusButler Tina Butler Tina-Butler.jpg Tina L. P.nuclearTipsofTips

  1. Tips: Air Ducts | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatusButler Tina Butler Tina-Butler.jpg Tina L.Ducts Tips: Air Ducts

  2. Tips: Booklet Distribution | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatusButler Tina Butler Tina-Butler.jpg Tina L.Ducts Tips: AirBooklet

  3. Tips: Heat Pumps | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatusButler Tina Butler Tina-Butler.jpg Tina L.Ducts Tips:Heat Pumps

  4. Tips: Heating and Cooling | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatusButler Tina Butler Tina-Butler.jpg Tina L.Ducts Tips:Heat

  5. Tips: Shopping for Lighting | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatusButler Tina Butler Tina-Butler.jpgLighting Tips: Shopping for

  6. Tips: Smart Appliances | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatusButler Tina Butler Tina-Butler.jpgLighting Tips: Shopping

  7. 2005 ORNL Story Tips | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience hands-on halloweenReliable7O(α,5 2005 ORNL Story Tips 1-10 of 48

  8. 2007 ORNL Story Tips | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience hands-on halloweenReliable7O(α,5 20057 2007 ORNL Story Tips 1-10 of

  9. 2010 ORNL Story Tips | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience hands-on halloweenReliable7O(α,5March0 JSA0 2010 ORNL Story Tips

  10. Microsoft Word - WBRT_Comments_WAPA_TIP_FINAL.doc

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    that the TIP be used exclusively for renewable generation. Existing state renewable energy standards already address this issue and will increase the development of renewable...

  11. Method of cooling gas only nozzle fuel tip

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bechtel, William Theodore (Scotia, NY); Fitts, David Orus (Ballston Spa, NY); DeLeonardo, Guy Wayne (Glenville, NY)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A diffusion flame nozzle gas tip is provided to convert a dual fuel nozzle to a gas only nozzle. The nozle tip diverts compressor discharge air from the passage feeding the diffusion nozzle air swirl vanes to a region vacated by removal of the dual fuel components, so that the diverted compressor discharge air can flow to and through effusion holes in the end cap plate of the nozzle tip. In a preferred embodiment, the nozzle gas tip defines a cavity for receiving the compressor discharge air from a peripheral passage of the nozzle for flow through the effusion openings defined in the end cap plate.

  12. Silicon microneedles array with biodegradable tips for transdermal drug delivery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, B; Tay, Francis; Wong, Y T; Iliescu, C

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the fabrication process, characterization results and basic functionality of silicon microneedles array with biodegradable tips. In order to avoid the main problems related to silicon microneedles : broking of the top part of the needles inside the skin, a simple solution can be fabrication of microneedles array with biodegradable tips. The silicon microneedles array was fabricated by using reactive ion etching while the biodegradable tips were performed using and anodization process that generates selectively porous silicon only on the top part of the skin. The paper presents also the results of in vitro release of calcein using microneedles array with biodegradable tips

  13. #tipsEnergy: Weatherizing Your Home for Fall

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    With the start of colder weather, we are sharing fall energy-saving tips that will help you save money and stay comfortable.

  14. SciTech Connect: CRACK TIP PLASTICITY AND FRACTURE INITIATION...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    N50000* --Metals, Ceramics, & Other Materials; CRACKS; FRACTURE PROPERTIES; METALS BUILDING MATERIALSfracture of metal, crack tip plasticity and initiation criteria for;...

  15. ARKTOS: a knowledge engineering software tool for images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soh, L. K.; Tsatsoulis, Costas

    2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of our ARKTOS project is to build an intelligent knowledge-based system to classify satellite sea ice images. It involves acquiring knowledge from sea ice experts, quantifying such knowledge as computational entities and ultimately building...

  16. Check Burner Air to Fuel Ratios (International Fact Sheet), Energy Tips-Process Heating, Process Heating Tip Sheet #2c

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This English/Chinese international tip sheet provides information for optimizing efficiency of industrial process heating systems and includes measurements in metric units.

  17. Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework Recognized at National...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Knowledge Discovery Framework (KDF) is bringing together the bioenergy community through Web-based tools, and was presented by Bioenergy KDF team members from Oak Ridge National...

  18. March 26, 2013 IT Service Manager Tips & Tricks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahriar, Selim

    Manager Archive. 3. Enter terms and values that reference your ticket (e.g. Interaction ID, Incident ID home page Tip 5: Use Global Issues only for P1 and P2 level incidents Tip 6: Search archived HP Service-down select IT Service Manager. 5. Refine your search using keywords. * Use "AND" or "OR" when searching

  19. Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Safety Tip #22

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Safety Tip #22 Mowing Operations Mowing unsafely just doesn for out-of-control vehicles. Wear hearing protection and a safety vest. Wear a hard hat and safety goggles of this safety tip sheet. Please refrain from reading the information verbatim--paraphrase it instead

  20. Test Anxiety Tips to Ease Your Test Anxiety

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasman, Alex

    Test Anxiety Tips to Ease Your Test Anxiety Adapted from: Study Guides and Strategies website, Overcoming test anxiety Test taking can be overwhelming and can cause a lot of anxiety. Try these tips to ease your anxiety through the testing process! Before Approach the exam with confidence Be prepared

  1. Policy and Procedure Writing Tips University Policy Website

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedersen, Tom

    Policy and Procedure Writing Tips University Policy Website Policy and Procedure Writing Tips Updated May 2009 Page 1 of 2 · Differentiate between policies and procedures. o University Policies review and approval for policy issuance and revision. o University Procedures are the processes

  2. Structure and dynamics of TIP3P, TIP4P, and TIP5P water near smooth and atomistic walls of different hydroaffinity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harrach, Michael F., E-mail: harrach@fkp.tu-darmstadt.de; Drossel, Barbara [Institut fr Festkrperphysik, Technische Universitt Darmstadt, Hochschulstr. 6, 64289 Darmstadt (Germany)] [Institut fr Festkrperphysik, Technische Universitt Darmstadt, Hochschulstr. 6, 64289 Darmstadt (Germany)

    2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We perform molecular dynamics simulations to observe the structure and dynamics of water using different water models (TIP3P, TIP4P, TIP5P) at ambient conditions, constrained by planar walls, which are either modeled by smooth potentials or regular atomic lattices, imitating the honeycomb-structure of graphene. We implement walls of different hydroaffinity, different lattice constant, and different types of interaction with the water molecules. We find that in the hydrophobic regime the smooth wall generally represents a good abstraction of the atomically rough walls, while in the hydrophilic regime there are noticeable differences in structure and dynamics between all stages of wall roughness. For a small lattice constant however the smooth and the atomically rough wall still share a number of structural and dynamical similarities. Out of the three water models, TIP5P water shows the largest degree of tetrahedral ordering and is often the one that is least perturbed by the presence of the wall.

  3. DEVELOPMENT OF TIP CLEARANCE FLOW DOWNSTREAM OF A ROTOR BLADE WITH COOLANT INJECTION FROM A TIP TRENCH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camci, Cengiz

    DEVELOPMENT OF TIP CLEARANCE FLOW DOWNSTREAM OF A ROTOR BLADE WITH COOLANT INJECTION FROM A TIP Rotor blade height Um Mean wheel speed, i.e. midspan rotor speed Absolute flow angle measured from the nozzle guide vane and the rotor blade need to be cooled adequately in order to maintain the 1 #12

  4. Numerical Study of Coulomb Scattering Effects on Electron Beam from a Nano-Tip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    electron beam emitted from a nano- tip. We found that theon Electron Beam from a Nano-Tip ? J. Qiang , J. Corlett,Switzerland Abstract Nano-tips with high acceleration

  5. Geospatial knowledge for territorial intelligence Pr. Robert Laurini Geospatial Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurini, Robert

    Geospatial knowledge for territorial intelligence Pr. Robert Laurini Geospatial Knowledge Management Objective: Sustainable development #12;Geospatial knowledge for territorial intelligence Pr;Geospatial knowledge for territorial intelligence Pr. Robert Laurini Generic and specific knowledge

  6. Reasoning About Knowledge Reasoning About Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vardi, Moshe Y.

    Introduction and Overview 1 1.1 The Muddy Children Puzzle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1 Knowledge . . . . . . . . . . 23 2.3 The Muddy Children Revisited . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127 4.4.4 Perfect Recall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 4.4.5 Message-Passing

  7. MATLAB array manipulation tips and tricks Peter J. Acklam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MATLAB array manipulation tips and tricks Peter J. Acklam E-mail: pjacklam@online.no URL: http in this document may be reproduced or duplicated for personal or educational use. MATLAB is a trademark of The Math

  8. Tips for Academic Writing By Christof Lutteroth and Gerald Weber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, James R.

    Tips for Academic Writing By Christof Lutteroth and Gerald Weber Before you start you should look and Weber pointed out [2] ..." A paper can be cited several times. You should briefly describe what others

  9. Tips on Studying Abroad at Bilkent University in Turkey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Mo

    Tips on Studying Abroad at Bilkent University in Turkey Want to know what it's like to study abroad-hand experience of living in Turkey as a college student. How- ever, the university was not representative

  10. Energy Savers: Tips on Saving Money and Energy at Home

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    EnergySavers energysavers.gov Tips on Saving Money & Energy at Home 3 Save Money and Energy Today Get started with things you can do now, and use the whole-house approach to ensure...

  11. arabidopsis root tips: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    axial flow fan unit is closely related to its tip Camci, Cengiz 87 Current Biology 19, 21022107, December 29, 2009 2009 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved DOI 10.1016...

  12. competency Course Objective 1 1a, 5a, 5b Apply appropriate knowledge developed from critically relevant, concensus based literature to the delivery of surgical care.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Lawrence C.

    , palliative care, pain management, medical legal issues and substance abuse. 4 1f, 3c of surgical care. 2 1c, 1d, 5c, 5d Apply current clinical and translational sciences in the delivery of surgical care of the patient. 3 1e Recognize and define knowledge

  13. Fiber tip interferometry for non-contact ultrasonic NDE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schumacher, Neal Andrew

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    FIBER TIP INTERFEROMETRY FOR NON-CONTACT ULTRASONIC NDE A Thesis by Neal Andrew Schumacher Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... August 1990 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering FIBER TIP INTERFEROMETRY FOR NON-CONTACT ULTRASONIC NDE A Thesis by Neal Andrew Schumacher Approved as to style and content by: Christian P. Burger (Chair of Committee) Hans Schuessler...

  14. Tips for Preparing a Resume Based Application | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of EnergyThe EnergyDepartment7 th , 2007Timothy Runyon About Us

  15. Replace Pressure-Reducing Valves with Backpressure Turbogenerators (International Fact Sheet), Energy Tips-Steam, Steam Tip Sheet #20c

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This English/Chinese ITP steam tip sheet on replacing pressure-reducing valves provides how-to advice for improving industrial steam systems using low-cost, proven practices and technologies.

  16. ISI Web of Knowledge111 -ISI Web of Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Or, Michael

    ­ ISI Web of Knowledge111 © , . , , , . . , . , . . -ISI Web of Knowledge )http:// webofknowledge.com( , , , . . -ISI Web of Knowledge: Web of Science(-1691) , . Biosis Previews(-1661 ) - , , , . MEDLINE(-1611

  17. Why chooSe SketchUp? A coUple overAll tipS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

    Page 1 SketchUp Google Why chooSe SketchUp? A coUple overAll tipS SoftWAre lAyoUt Google SketchUp programs and is free to download to your home computer. Just visit http://sketchup.google.com to download, working on.· If you make a mistake within Sketchup, such as deleting a shape, go to Edit > Undo to step

  18. Review: Knowledge and Environmental Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, Peter C.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Review: Knowledge and Environmental Policy: Re-Imagining theRobert. Knowledge and Environmental Policy: Re-Imagining thepaperback. Knowledge and Environmental Policy continues the

  19. Rural Knowledge Clusters: Implications for Minnesota State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinson, David M.

    communities face tremendous challenges in adapting to a knowledge-based global economy. The "knowledge economy to innovate. Traditional rural economic staples are under growing pressure due to globalization of markets, and diseconomies of scale and outmigration hinder adjustment in the rural economy. Consequently a growing gap

  20. Recording Scientific Knowledge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bowker, Geof (Santa Clara University) [Santa Clara University

    2006-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The way we record knowledge, and the web of technical, formal, and social practices that surrounds it, inevitably affects the knowledge that we record. The ways we hold knowledge about the past - in handwritten manuscripts, in printed books, in file folders, in databases - shape the kind of stories we tell about that past. In this talk, I look at how over the past two hundred years, information technology has affected the nature and production of scientific knowledge. Further, I explore ways in which the emergent new cyberinfrastructure is changing our relationship to scientific practice.

  1. Tips for Travelers When State Funds Are Used University of Kansas Procurement Services Tips for Travelers When State Funds Are Used

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tips for Travelers When State Funds Are Used University of Kansas Procurement Services ­Tips for Travelers When State Funds Are Used Updated 02/17/14 Travel and Expense All or a portion of your trip will be paid for with state funds. This tip sheet is designed to help with common travel expenses to speed

  2. Supporting Knowledge Transfer through Decomposable Reasoning Artifacts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pike, William A.; May, Richard A.; Turner, Alan E.

    2007-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Technology to support knowledge transfer and cooperative inquiry must offer its users the ability to effectively interpret knowledge structures produced by collaborators. Communicating the reasoning processes that underlie a finding is one method for enhancing interpretation, and can result in more effective evaluation and application of shared knowledge. In knowledge management tools, interpretation is aided by creating knowledge artifacts that can expose their provenance to scrutiny and that can be transformed into diverse representations that suit their consumers perspectives and preferences. We outline the information management needs of inquiring communities characterized by hypothesis generation tasks, and propose a model for communication, based in theories of hermeneutics, semiotics, and abduction, in which knowledge structures can be decomposed into the lower-level reasoning artifacts that produced them. We then present a proof-of-concept implementation for an environment to support the capture and communication of analytic products, with emphasis on the domain of intelligence analysis.

  3. Sharpening of field emitter tips using high-energy ions

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Musket, Ronald G. (Danville, CA)

    1999-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A process for sharpening arrays of field emitter tips of field emission cathodes, such as found in field-emission, flat-panel video displays. The process uses sputtering by high-energy (more than 30 keV) ions incident along or near the longitudinal axis of the field emitter to sharpen the emitter with a taper from the tip or top of the emitter down to the shank of the emitter. The process is particularly applicable to sharpening tips of emitters having cylindrical or similar (e.g., pyramidal) symmetry. The process will sharpen tips down to radii of less than 12 nm with an included angle of about 20 degrees. Because the ions are incident along or near the longitudinal axis of each emitter, the tips of gated arrays can be sharpened by high-energy ion beams rastered over the arrays using standard ion implantation equipment. While the process is particularly applicable for sharpening of arrays of field emitters in field-emission flat-panel displays, it can be effectively utilized in the fabrication of other vacuum microelectronic devices that rely on field emission of electrons.

  4. Performance comparison of fiber tips in interferometric displacement mesurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moro, Erik [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Grahn, Rick R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Karimi, Hussain H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wilson, Kyle L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Puckett, Anthony D [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2011-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Fiber optic displacement sensors have many potential advantages over traditional displacement measurement techniques, including small size, immunity to electromagnetic interference, electrical isolation, and high resolution. In this report, we focus on an interferometric fiber optic sensor, where the gap between the fiber tip and the device under test forms a Fabry-Perot resonant cavity. An optical interrogator measures the reflected intensity at wavelengths ranging from 1510 to 1590 nm. The spacing between resonant frequencies allows us to determine the distance from the tip to the device under test. We consider ferrule connector angled physical contact (FC/APC), ferrule connector ultra physical contact (FC/UPC) and unpolished cleaved tips and compare their influence on sensor performance. A plane wave propagation model is proposed for predicting tip effects. Comparisons are made on the basis of sensor measurement range, resolution, and sensitivity to changes in test conditions. In this paper, we discuss the experimental setup, detail our analysis, and present test results with recommendations for the applications of each tip.

  5. Performance comparison of fiber optic tips in interferrometric displacement measurement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moro, Erik A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Puckett, Anthony D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Grahn, Rick [UNM; Karimi, Hussain [UCSD; Wilson, Kyle [ROSE HULMAN INSTITUTE OT TECH.

    2010-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Fiber optic displacement sensors have many potential advantages over traditional displacement measurement techniques, including small size, immunity to electromagnetic interference, electrical isolation, and high resolution. In this report, we focus on an interferometric fiber optic sensor, where the gap between the fiber tip and the device under test forms a Fabry-Perot resonant cavity. An optical interrogator measures the reflected intensity at wavelengths ranging from 1510 to 1590 nm. The spacing between resonant frequencies allows us to determine the distance from the tip to the device under test. We consider ferrule connector angled physical contact (FC/APC), ferrule connector ultra physical contact (FC/UPC) and unpolished cleaved tips and compare their influence on sensor performance. A plane wave propagation model is proposed for predicting tip effects. Comparisons are made on the basis of sensor measurement range, resolution, and sensitivity to changes in test conditions. In this paper, we discuss the experimental setup, detail our analysis, and present test results with recommendations for the applications of each tip.

  6. Rural Knowledge Clusters: Innovation and Vitality in America's Rural Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinson, David M.

    Summary 1 I. Context: The Challenge of Rural Community Vitality in a Knowledge-Based Global Economy 5 II challenges to prosperity and vitality in a knowledge-based global economy. Traditional sources of rural Minnesota 65 Appendix C: About the Project, "Globalization and Knowledge Clusters for Rural America" 73

  7. Insights into Stress Corrosion Cracking Mechanisms from High-Resolution Measurements of Crack-Tip Structures and Compositions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bruemmer, Stephen M.; Thomas, Larry E.

    2010-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The fundamental basis for mechanistic understanding and modeling of SCC remains in question for many systems. Specific mechanisms controlling SCC can vary with changes in alloy characteristics, applied/residual stress or environmental conditions. The local crack electrochemistry, crack-tip mechanics and material metallurgy are the main factors controlling crack growth. These localized properties are difficult or impossible to measure in active cracks. Nevertheless, it is essential to quantitatively interrogate these crack-tip conditions if mechanistic understanding is to be obtained. A major recent advance has been the ability to investigate SCC cracks and crack tips using high-resolution ATEM techniques. ATEM enables the characterization of SCC cracks including trapped tip solution chemistries, corrosion product/film compositions and structures, and elemental composition gradients and defect microstructures along the crack walls and at the crack tip. A wide variety of methods for imaging and analyses at resolutions down to the atomic level can be used to examine the crack and corrosion film characteristics. Surface films and reaction layers have been examined by cross-sectional TEM techniques, but little work had been conducted on environmentally induced internal cracks until that of Lewis and co-workers [1-3] and the current authors [4-17]. This capability combined with modern ATEM techniques has enabled exciting new insights into corrosion processes occurring at buried interfaces and is being used to identify mechanisms controlling IGSCC in boiling water reactor (BWR) and pressurized water reactor (PWR) components. The objective of this paper is to summarize certain results focused on IGSCC of Fe- base and Ni-base stainless alloys in high-temperature water environments. Representative crack-tip examples will be shown to illustrate specific aspects that are characteristic of SCC in the material/environment combinations. Differences and similarities in crack-tip structures- chemistries will be highlighted comparing Fe-base 316/304SS to Ni-base alloy 600/182 and for tests in oxidizing versus hydrogenated water environments.

  8. Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics without Tip-tilt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Davies; S. Rabien; C. Lidman; M. Le Louarn; M. Kasper; N. M. Forster Schreiber; V. Roccatagliata; N. Ageorges; P. Amico; C. Dumas; F. Mannucci

    2008-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Adaptive optics (AO) systems allow a telescope to reach its diffraction limit at near infrared wavelengths. But to achieve this, a bright natural guide star (NGS) is needed for the wavefront sensing, severely limiting the fraction of the sky over which AO can be used. To some extent this can be overcome with a laser guide star (LGS). While the laser can be pointed anywhere in the sky, one still needs to have a natural star, albeit fainter, reasonably close to correct the image motion (tip-tilt) to which laser guide stars are insensitive. There are in fact many astronomical targets without suitable tip-tilt stars, but for which the enhanced resolution obtained with the Laser Guide Star Facility (LGSF) would still be very beneficial. This article explores what adaptive optics performance one might expect if one dispenses with the tip-tilt star, and in what situations this mode of observing might be needed.

  9. Technology for fabrication of a micromagnet on a tip of a MFM/MRFM probe

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pelekhov, Denis V.; Hammel, P. Chris; Nunes Jr., Geoffrey; Midzor, Melissa M.; Roukes, Michael

    2004-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for coating the tip of a mechanical resonator for use in magnetic force microscopy and magnetic resonance force microscopy in which the tip is coated with a ferromagnetic material and the cantilever is not, and the product resulting from the method. A cantilever and incorporated tip are coated with a photoresist, except that surface tension keeps photoresist off the tip. The cantilever and tip are then coated with a magnetic material. Next, acetone is used to lift off the magnetic material from the cantilever but not from the tip.

  10. Clean Firetube Boiler Waterside Heat Transfer Surfaces, Energy Tips: STEAM, Steam Tip Sheet #7 (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A steam energy tip sheet for the Advanced Manufacturing Office (AMO). The prevention of scale formation in firetube boilers can result in substantial energy savings. Scale deposits occur when calcium, magnesium, and silica, commonly found in most water supplies, react to form a continuous layer of material on the waterside of the boiler heat exchange tubes. Scale creates a problem because it typically possesses a thermal conductivity, an order of magnitude less than the corresponding value for bare steel. Even thin layers of scale serve as an effective insulator and retard heat transfer. The result is overheating of boiler tube metal, tube failures, and loss of energy efficiency. Fuel consumption may increase by up to 5% in firetube boilers because of scale. The boilers steam production may be reduced if the firing rate cannot be increased to compensate for the decrease in combustion efficiency. Energy losses as a function of scale thickness and composition are given. Any scale in a boiler is undesirable. The best way to deal with scale is not to let it form in the first place. Prevent scale formation by: (1) Pretreating of boiler makeup water (using water softeners, demineralizers, and reverse osmosis to remove scale-forming minerals); (2) Injecting chemicals into the boiler feedwater; and (3) Adopting proper boiler blowdown practices.

  11. Laser-induced ultrafast electron emission from a field emission tip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brett Barwick; Chris Corder; James Strohaber; Nate Chandler-Smith; Cornelis Uiterwaal; Herman Batelaan

    2007-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that a field emission tip electron source that is triggered with a femtosecond laser pulse can generate electron pulses shorter than the laser pulse duration (~100 fs). The emission process is sensitive to a power law of the laser intensity, which supports an emission mechanism based on multiphoton absorption followed by over-the-barrier emission. Observed continuous transitions between power laws of different orders are indicative of field emission processes. We show that the source can also be operated so that thermionic emission processes become significant. Understanding these different emission processes is relevant for the production of sub-cycle electron pulses.

  12. Multi-dimensional modelling of electrostatic force distance curve over dielectric surface: Influence of tip geometry and correlation with experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boularas, A., E-mail: boularas@laplace.univ-tlse.fr; Baudoin, F.; Villeneuve-Faure, C. [LAPLACE (Laboratoire Plasma et Conversion d'Energie), Universit de Toulouse, UPS, INPT, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse cedex 9 (France); Clain, S. [Universidade do Minho, Centro de Matemtica, Campus de Gualtar, 4710 - 057 Braga (Portugal); Universit Paul Sabatier, Institut de Mathmatiques de Toulouse, 31062 Toulouse (France); Teyssedre, G. [LAPLACE (Laboratoire Plasma et Conversion d'Energie), Universit de Toulouse, UPS, INPT, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse cedex 9 (France); CNRS, LAPLACE, F-31071 Toulouse (France)

    2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Electric Force-Distance Curves (EFDC) is one of the ways whereby electrical charges trapped at the surface of dielectric materials can be probed. To reach a quantitative analysis of stored charge quantities, measurements using an Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) must go with an appropriate simulation of electrostatic forces at play in the method. This is the objective of this work, where simulation results for the electrostatic force between an AFM sensor and the dielectric surface are presented for different bias voltages on the tip. The aim is to analyse force-distance curves modification induced by electrostatic charges. The sensor is composed by a cantilever supporting a pyramidal tip terminated by a spherical apex. The contribution to force from cantilever is neglected here. A model of force curve has been developed using the Finite Volume Method. The scheme is based on the Polynomial Reconstruction OperatorPRO-scheme. First results of the computation of electrostatic force for different tipsample distances (from 0 to 600?nm) and for different DC voltages applied to the tip (6 to 20?V) are shown and compared with experimental data in order to validate our approach.

  13. The Influence of Crystallographic Orientation on Crack Tip Displacements of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cizelj, Leon

    consists of 212 randomly shaped, sized and oriented grains, loaded monotonically in uniaxial tension to a maximum load of 0.9Rp0.2 (240 MPa). The influence that a random grain structure imposes on a Stage I crack will preferably follow the slip plane where the crack tip opening displacement is highest, we show

  14. The Worst Public Speaking Tips By Alan Matthews

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Westfall, Peter H.

    something you feel comfortable in and which seems appropriate. That's a bit vague, but it depends on your good ways of saying something or a good story to use to illustrate a point. Jot these down so you don. Give the audience something else to look at. Another tip is to give them a hefty handout at the start

  15. Some tips of using mathxeon3 May 31, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sainudiin, Raazesh

    Some tips of using mathxeon3 Joe ZHU May 31, 2011 1 Vim Editor On mathxeon3 server, there are several text editors, as gedit, Emacs, Geany, vim and etc. Depends on what is used for, some editors, and vim; some of editors support brackets matching, or auto-completion; some of them can both run

  16. LOOSE TIPPING BPG NOTE 4 Best Practice Guidance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . For further details, see BPG Note 6: Application of sewage sludges and composts. I Improved vegetationLOOSE TIPPING BPG NOTE 4 Best Practice Guidance for Land Regeneration Introduction Reinstatement-scraper method (see for example: Bending et al., 1999; Land Research Associates, 1997, 2000; Moffat and Bending

  17. Study Tips for Mathematics Mathematics as a sport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    Study Tips for Mathematics Mathematics as a sport Imagine that you have an important soccer game. Imagine the perfect kick in great detail.) Doing well in Mathematics is very similar to doing well in any sport. If you know the mathematical rules, practise, and imagine succeeding you are on your way

  18. Tips and Tricks for Using the 3D Interpolation Tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    Tips and Tricks for Using the 3D Interpolation Tool This document describes how to download the 3D interpolation tool and use it for the purpose of performing multidimensional analysis on Marine, Atmospheric, Petroleum, Geological, and Groundwater point data. The 3D interpolation tool leverages new methods to solve

  19. Triathlon Training Tips Swim: don't get intimidated!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    Triathlon Training Tips Triathlon Swim: don't get intimidated! The swimming leg of triathlons: Longest component in terms of distance To improve speed: o Incorporate spinning classes into your training this anaerobic exercise will help maximize your ability and execution Training: Use bike hill repeats o Know

  20. Tips on Studying Abroad at Lund University in Sweden

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Mo

    Tips on Studying Abroad at Lund University in Sweden Want to know what it's like to study abroad was able to take studio abroad and Sweden has a very interesting design perspective. · I signed up for courses while I was in the US, but once you get to Sweden, the schedule is pretty much set for you. · Your

  1. Office of Evaluation and Testing Test Day Tips

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brinkmann, Peter

    Office of Evaluation and Testing Test Day Tips Get plenty of rest the night before the test. The best thing to do the evening before the test is to get a good night's sleep. You've covered the content and you've perfected the skills. Now it's time to get in test mode -- calm, rested, confident, and ready

  2. Global Warming 20 Years Later: Tipping Points Near

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    Global Warming 20 Years Later: Tipping Points Near Jim Hansen 23 June 2008 National Press Club, and House Select Committee on Energy Independence & Global Warming Washington, DC #12;1988 Testimony Has Big Effects Did Not Emphasize That Global Warming Enhances Both Extremes of Water Cycle - More

  3. Health, Safety, and Culture plus a few other tips...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gleeson, Joseph G.

    Health, Safety, and Culture Abroad plus a few other tips... http irreplaceable keepsakes abroad #12;Personal Safety Learn about the different attitudes, taboos and cultural and PAO · FERPA: Privacy laws · Review this presentation #12;Safety Abroad #12;How Can Students Reduce

  4. RAISING MONEY SOME TIPS ON WORKING WITH VENTURE CAPITALISTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knowles, David William

    1 RAISING MONEY SOME TIPS ON WORKING WITH VENTURE CAPITALISTS You've got it! You've developed a product or business concept that should make you and your team rich. Now you want to raise venture money or more venture capitalists (VCs). The partners in the firm raises money to form a venture fund

  5. TIPS ON ACCIDENT/INCIDENT REPORTING Accident Reporting Why?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lennard, William N.

    TIPS ON ACCIDENT/INCIDENT REPORTING Accident Reporting ­ Why? Obligation to report Health Care of the accident ­ if not, the organization (i.e. the department) can be fined Obligation under Section 51, 52 happened? When did it happen? (Date, Time and Place) When was the accident/incident reported? Any

  6. Energy Savings Tips on the Go: Check Out the New Energy Savers...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy Savings Tips on the Go: Check Out the New Energy Savers Mobile Site Energy Savings Tips on the Go: Check Out the New Energy Savers Mobile Site March 16, 2012 - 12:46pm...

  7. Tip-Enhanced Near-Field Raman Spectroscopy Probing Single Dye...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tip-Enhanced Near-Field Raman Spectroscopy Probing Single Dye-Sensitized TiO2 Nanoparticles. Tip-Enhanced Near-Field Raman Spectroscopy Probing Single Dye-Sensitized TiO2...

  8. Fabrication of Ordered Array of Tips-pentacene Micro- and Nano-scale Single Crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xia, Ning

    2013-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    ]. 6 1.2 Literature Review of Patterning Tips-pentacene Crystal With the goal for developing a functionalized pentacene having both good solubility and self-assembly ability, Anthony [14] first prepared molecule of Tips- pentacene in 2001...

  9. Deep convection in the Irminger Sea forced by the Greenland tip jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pickart, Robert S.

    Deep convection in the Irminger Sea forced by the Greenland tip jet Robert S. Pickart*, Michael A atmospheric jet known as the Greenland tip jet, which forms periodically in the lee of Cape Farewell, Greenland, and is associated with elevated heat flux and strong wind stress curl. Using a history of tip

  10. Contamination-pipetting: relative efficiency of filter tips compared to Microman positive displacement pipette

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    of contamination when working with infectious, toxic, corrosive or radioactive agents. Tip manufacturers haveContamination-pipetting: relative efficiency of filter tips compared to Microman® positive displacement pipette Filter tips are generally accepted as the solution for preventing cross-contamination

  11. The knowledge economy in Europe A report prepared for the 2007 EU Spring Council

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen-Burger, Yun-Heh (Jessica)

    The knowledge economy in Europe A report prepared for the 2007 EU Spring Council Prepared by Ian. Knowledge industry employment in Europe 6 4. Moving towards a knowledge based economy in Europe 7 5 10 8. Investing in knowledge 11 9. Next steps 23 Sponsors for the knowledge economy programme include

  12. Dojat et al. International Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing. 1992;9:239-250. A KNOWLEDGE-BASED SYSTEM FOR ASSISTED VENTILATION OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    with respiratory insufficiency from mechanical ventilation may be complex and requires expertise obtained by long respiratory support and implemented a weaning procedure. The system is intended for patients whose spontaneous-based system, Medical decision-making, Process control, Real-time, Weaning from mechanical ventilation. inserm

  13. At the Frontier of Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sabine Hossenfelder

    2010-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    At any time, there are areas of science where we are standing at the frontier of knowledge, and can wonder whether we have reached a fundamental limit to human understanding. What is ultimately possible in physics? I will argue here that it is ultimately impossible to answer this question. For this, I will first distinguish three different reasons why the possibility of progress is doubted and offer examples for these cases. Based on this, one can then identify three reasons for why progress might indeed be impossible, and finally conclude that it is impossible to decide which case we are facing.

  14. Removable inner turbine shell with bucket tip clearance control

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sexton, Brendan F. (Clifton Park, NY); Knuijt, Hans M. (Niskayuna, NY); Eldrid, Sacheverel Q. (Saratoga Springs, NY); Myers, Albert (Amsterdam, NY); Coneybeer, Kyle E. (Schenectady, NY); Johnson, David Martin (Ballston Lake, NY); Kellock, Iain R. (Clifton Park, NY)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A turbine includes a plurality of inner shell sections mounting first and second stage nozzle and shroud portions. The inner shell sections are pinned to an outer containment shell formed of sections to preclude circumferential movement of the inner shell relative to the outer shell and enable thermal expansion and contraction of the inner shell relative to the outer shell. Positive bucket tip clearance control is afforded by passing a thermal medium about the inner shell in heat transfer relation with the shrouds about the first and second stage bucket tips, the thermal medium being provided from a source of heating/cooling fluid independent of the turbine. Access is provided to the rotor and turbine buckets by removing the outer and inner shell sections.

  15. FURTHER EXAMINATION OF CRACK TIP MICROSTRUCTURES IN F82H ON THE LOWER SHELF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gelles, David S.; Odette, George R.; Spatig, P.

    2003-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Dislocation microstructures have been further examined near the crack tip of a compact tension specimen of unirradiated F82H loaded to 25.6 MPa m square root at 196 degrees C after fatigue precracking. A specimen was prepared by sectioning, dimple grinding and ion milling to produce electron transparency just ahead of the crack tip. Further ion milling has allowed improved examination of the microstructure immediately ahead of the crack tip. It is found that subgrain structure is relatively unaffected near the crack tip whereas 3 micron from the crack tip, dislocation loop structure was identified.

  16. Distributed boundary layer suction utilizing wing tip effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Jay Thomas

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    that this is not the case. The rotational force at the tip accounts for the suction power. Since this power is utilized to suck air from the boundary, energy is dissipated, thereby weakening the vortex strength. Providing this assumption is valid, the effect would... was done. TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter Page INTRODUCTION OBJECTIVES AND SCOPE EXPERIMENTAL FACILITY AND PROCEDURES Wing Model . Wake Rake Boundary Layer Probe . . Multiple Tube Manometers Wind Tunnel and Related Equipment Procedures Computation...

  17. Plectoneme tip bubbles: Coupled denaturation and writhing in supercoiled DNA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian Matek; Thomas E. Ouldridge; Jonathan P. K. Doye; Ard A. Louis

    2014-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Biological information is not only stored in the digital chemical sequence of double helical DNA, but is also encoded in the mechanical properties of the DNA strands, which can influence biochemical processes involving its readout. For example, loop formation in the Lac operon can regulate the expression of key genes, and DNA supercoiling is closely correlated to rhythmic circardian gene expression in cyanobacteria. Supercoiling is also important for large scale organisation of the genome in both eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. DNA can respond to torsional stress by writhing to form looped structures called plectonemes, thus transferring energy stored as twist into energy stored in bending. Denaturation bubbles can also relax torsional stress, with the enthalpic cost of breaking bonds being compensated by their ability to absorb undertwist. Here we predict a novel regime where bubbles form at the tips of plectonemes, and study its properties using coarse-grained simulations. These tip bubbles can occur for both positive and negative supercoiling and greatly reduce plectoneme diffusion by a pinning mechanism. They can cause plectonemes to preferentially localise to AT rich regions, because bubbles more easily form there. The tip-bubble regime occurs for supercoiling densities and forces that are typically encountered for DNA in vivo, and may be exploited for biological control of genomic processes.

  18. Incremental learning for automated knowledge capture.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benz, Zachary O.; Basilico, Justin Derrick; Davis, Warren Leon,; Dixon, Kevin R.; Jones, Brian S.; Martin, Nathaniel; Wendt, Jeremy Daniel

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    People responding to high-consequence national-security situations need tools to help them make the right decision quickly. The dynamic, time-critical, and ever-changing nature of these situations, especially those involving an adversary, require models of decision support that can dynamically react as a situation unfolds and changes. Automated knowledge capture is a key part of creating individualized models of decision making in many situations because it has been demonstrated as a very robust way to populate computational models of cognition. However, existing automated knowledge capture techniques only populate a knowledge model with data prior to its use, after which the knowledge model is static and unchanging. In contrast, humans, including our national-security adversaries, continually learn, adapt, and create new knowledge as they make decisions and witness their effect. This artificial dichotomy between creation and use exists because the majority of automated knowledge capture techniques are based on traditional batch machine-learning and statistical algorithms. These algorithms are primarily designed to optimize the accuracy of their predictions and only secondarily, if at all, concerned with issues such as speed, memory use, or ability to be incrementally updated. Thus, when new data arrives, batch algorithms used for automated knowledge capture currently require significant recomputation, frequently from scratch, which makes them ill suited for use in dynamic, timecritical, high-consequence decision making environments. In this work we seek to explore and expand upon the capabilities of dynamic, incremental models that can adapt to an ever-changing feature space.

  19. Process for forming a long gas turbine engine blade having a main wall with a thin portion near a tip

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Campbell, Christian X; Thomaidis, Dimitrios

    2014-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A process is provided for forming an airfoil for a gas turbine engine involving: forming a casting of a gas turbine engine airfoil having a main wall and an interior cavity, the main wall having a wall thickness extending from an external surface of the outer wall to the interior cavity, an outer section of the main wall extending from a location between a base and a tip of the airfoil casting to the tip having a wall thickness greater than a final thickness. The process may further involve effecting movement, using a computer system, of a material removal apparatus and the casting relative to one another such that a layer of material is removed from the casting at one or more radial portions along the main wall of the casting.

  20. Method of making tapered capillary tips with constant inner diameters

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kelly, Ryan T. (West Richland, WA); Page, Jason S. (Kennewick, WA); Tang, Keqi (Richland, WA); Smith, Richard D. (Richland, WA)

    2009-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods of forming electrospray ionization emitter tips are disclosed herein. In one embodiment, an end portion of a capillary tube can be immersed into an etchant, wherein the etchant forms a concave meniscus on the outer surface of the capillary. Variable etching rates in the meniscus can cause an external taper to form. While etching the outer surface of the capillary wall, a fluid can be flowed through the interior of the capillary tube. Etching continues until the immersed portion of the capillary tube is completely etched away.

  1. Energy Efficiency Tips for Renters and Homeowners | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehicles » AlternativeUpDrain-Water HeatElements ofDepartmentTips for

  2. Careers - Tips - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to someone6Energy,MUSEUM DISPLAY STATUS4ToursCareerCareersApplication Tips

  3. Tips for Renters and Property Owners | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatusButler Tina Butler Tina-Butler.jpg Tina L. P.nuclearTips

  4. Tips: Energy-Efficient Roofs | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatusButler Tina Butler Tina-Butler.jpg Tina L.Ducts Tips:

  5. Tips: Home Office and Electronics | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatusButler Tina Butler Tina-Butler.jpg Tina L.Ducts Tips:HeatHome

  6. Tips: Natural Gas and Oil Heating Systems | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatusButler Tina Butler Tina-Butler.jpg TinaLaundry Tips:Natural Gas

  7. Tips: Passive Solar Heating and Cooling | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatusButler Tina Butler Tina-Butler.jpg TinaLaundry Tips:Natural

  8. Tips: Your Home's Energy Use | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatusButler Tina Butler Tina-Butler.jpgLightingWindows Tips:

  9. Fermilab Today | Tip of the Week Archive | 2012

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibility ofSmall Works:Oklahoma StateBuffalo MayTip of the Week

  10. Fermilab Today | Tip of the Week Archive | 2013

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibility ofSmall Works:Oklahoma StateBuffalo MayTip of the

  11. Tips to Monitor Your Identity | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomenthe House Committee on EnergyEnergyThe sun rises on theMarch 8, 2006:30,13,Tip

  12. Sandia National Laboratories: high tip-speed ratios

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1development Sandia,evaluatingfull moduleresources gridstandbyhigh tip-speed

  13. 12 tips for a successful user proposal | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert SouthwestTechnologies | BlandinePrincetonOPT OpticsFrequently Asked12 tips for a

  14. High School Students' Modeling Knowledge High School Students' Modeling Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    High School Students' Modeling Knowledge High School Students' Modeling Knowledge David Fortus of the authors. #12;High School Students' Modeling Knowledge Abstract Modeling is a core scientific practice a learning progression for this practice, focusing on the late elementary and early middle school years

  15. Effects of self-assembled monolayer and PFPE lubricant on wear characteristics of flat silicon tips.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, H. J.; Jang, C. E.; Kim, D. E.; Kim, Y. K.; Choa, S. H.; Hong, S.; Materials Science Division; Yonsei Univ.; Samsung Adv. Inst. Science and Technology; Seoul National Univ. of Technology

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects of self-assembled monolayer (SAM) and perfluoropolyether (PFPE) lubricant on the wear characteristics of flat silicon tips were investigated. The wear test consisted of sliding the silicon tips fabricated on a flat silicon specimen against SAM and PFPE (Z-tetraol) coated silicon (100) wafer. The tips were slid at a low speed for about 15 km under an applied load of 39.2 {micro}N. The wear volume of the tip was obtained by measuring the tip profile using an Atomic Force Microscope (AFM). It was found that the coatings were effective in reducing the wear of the tips by an order of magnitude from 10{sup -6} to 10{sup -7}.

  16. A knowledge based constructability analysis prototype

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winter, Laura Jo

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    costs, and project schedule prior to producing drawings; and when required, a cost analysis of alternatives to define the lowest total installed cost. " (O' Connor and Tucker 1983) A professional group, in lieu of a definition, has developed a...: ". . . an organized, creative approach which has for its purpose the effective identification of unnecessary costs, i. e. costs which provide neither quality nor use nor life nor appearance nor customer features. " (Barrie and Paulson 1984) Value engineering...

  17. A knowledge based anthropometric data associate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reitmeyer, Peter B.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    large amounts of domain data into chunks and create a hierarchical linkage between them for better access and application, but acquiring such a skill does not come easy. For example, it may take ten to twenty years for a human expert to acquire... for the simultaneous study of a variety of measures. Computer simulation also helps prioritize measures for future research, and the technology does not require the user to be an expert in tradMonal anthmpometric methods to be able to model systems ef...

  18. Bioenergy Science Center KnowledgeBase

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Syed, M.H.; Karpinets, T.V.; Parang, M.; Leuze, M.R.; Park, B.H.; Hyatt, D.; Brown, S.D.; Moulton, S. Galloway, M.D.; Uberbacher E.C.

    The challenge of converting cellulosic biomass to sugars is the dominant obstacle to cost effective production of biofuels in s capable of significant enough quantities to displace U. S. consumption of fossil transportation fuels. The BioEnergy Science Center (BESC) tackles this challenge of biomass recalcitrance by closely linking (1) plant research to make cell walls easier to deconstruct, and (2) microbial research to develop multi-talented biocatalysts tailor-made to produce biofuels in a single step. [from the 2011 BESC factsheet] The BioEnergy Science Center (BESC) is a multi-institutional, multidisciplinary research (biological, chemical, physical and computational sciences, mathematics and engineering) organization focused on the fundamental understanding and elimination of biomass recalcitrance. The BESC Knowledgebase and its associated tools is a discovery platform for bioenergy research. It consists of a collection of metadata, data, and computational tools for data analysis, integration, comparison and visualization for plants and microbes in the center.The BESC Knowledgebase (KB) and BESC Laboratory Information Management System (LIMS) enable bioenergy researchers to perform systemic research. [http://bobcat.ornl.gov/besc/index.jsp

  19. Advancing the Hydrogen Safety Knowledge Base

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weiner, Steven C.

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A White Paper of the International Energy Agency Hydrogen Implementing Agreement Task 31 - Hydrogen Safety

  20. Strathclyde Links Useful Knowledge for Growing Companies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mottram, Nigel

    Strathclyde Links Useful Knowledge for Growing Companies The University of Strathclyde by an Interface enquiry. The original enquiry came from Kelso based Gill Orde in Catering; a company that provides of the department of Civil Engineering replied to the initial Interface enquiry and after meeting with the company

  1. E-Print Network 3.0 - active tip-clearance control Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 17 Proceedings of FEDSM2005 2005 ASME Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting and Exhibition Summary: IN THE TIP-CLEARANCE...

  2. Robust automated knowledge capture.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stevens-Adams, Susan Marie; Abbott, Robert G.; Forsythe, James Chris; Trumbo, Michael Christopher Stefan; Haass, Michael Joseph; Hendrickson, Stacey M. Langfitt

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes research conducted through the Sandia National Laboratories Robust Automated Knowledge Capture Laboratory Directed Research and Development project. The objective of this project was to advance scientific understanding of the influence of individual cognitive attributes on decision making. The project has developed a quantitative model known as RumRunner that has proven effective in predicting the propensity of an individual to shift strategies on the basis of task and experience related parameters. Three separate studies are described which have validated the basic RumRunner model. This work provides a basis for better understanding human decision making in high consequent national security applications, and in particular, the individual characteristics that underlie adaptive thinking.

  3. Low NOx nozzle tip for a pulverized solid fuel furnace

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Donais, Richard E; Hellewell, Todd D; Lewis, Robert D; Richards, Galen H; Towle, David P

    2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A nozzle tip [100] for a pulverized solid fuel pipe nozzle [200] of a pulverized solid fuel-fired furnace includes: a primary air shroud [120] having an inlet [102] and an outlet [104], wherein the inlet [102] receives a fuel flow [230]; and a flow splitter [180] disposed within the primary air shroud [120], wherein the flow splitter disperses particles in the fuel flow [230] to the outlet [104] to provide a fuel flow jet which reduces NOx in the pulverized solid fuel-fired furnace. In alternative embodiments, the flow splitter [180] may be wedge shaped and extend partially or entirely across the outlet [104]. In another alternative embodiment, flow splitter [180] may be moved forward toward the inlet [102] to create a recessed design.

  4. of a brownian ratchet. Thermal fluctuations of the flexible actin filaments expose the tip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahissar, Ehud

    of a brownian ratchet. Thermal fluctuations of the flexible actin filaments expose the tip long enough for a new monomer to attach. Once the tip springs back, it ratchets the membrane forward by the length of one monomer. Brownian ratchets have found a life of their own in the physics literature

  5. Tip clearance flows in axial compressors: stall inception and stability enhancement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weichert, Stephanie April

    2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The flow in the rotor tip clearance gap in an axial compressor influences the loss levels and the stall onset point. The role of tip clearance flows in the stall inception process is still debated, though. The aim of this thesis is to improve...

  6. Direct engraving of quantum point contacts in heterostructures with a diamond tip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hohls, Frank

    of polycrystalline diamond onto a pre-patterned silicon substrate [7]. The results of the engraving procedure usingDirect engraving of quantum point contacts in heterostructures with a diamond tip J. Regul, U. F-Universitat Bochum, 44780 Bochum, Germany Abstract. We use the all-diamond tip of an atomic force microscope

  7. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Optical Probe for Monitoring Blade Tip Clearance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) and high pressure compressor (HPC) engines, defined as the void between a blade tip and the surrounding in the high pressure turbine (HPT) and high pressure compressor (HPC), defined as the void between a blade tip [2]. Engine loads encompass centrifugal, thermal, internal, engine pressure, and thrust loads. Flight

  8. TIPS FOR TAKING MEDICINE SAFELY FROM THE CONNECTICUT POISON CONTROL CENTER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliver, Douglas L.

    -800-222-1222. For more poison prevention tips go to the Connecticut Poison Control website at http://poisoncontrolTIPS FOR TAKING MEDICINE SAFELY FROM THE CONNECTICUT POISON CONTROL CENTER Follow the 5 rights when medicines interact with certain foods, some need to be taken with food and some should not be taken

  9. Blade tip clearance effect on the performance and flow field of a three stage axial turbine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdel-Fattah, Sharef Aly

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    rate was also measured using a venturi flow meter in order to discern the effect the blade tip clearance has on the engine efficiency and performance. Results have shown that the blade tip clearance losses appear to play a smaller role when compared...

  10. Task-Oriented Knowledge Acquisition and Reasoning for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Börner, Katy

    -solvingknowledge that supports de- sign, a formal integrated model of knowledge for design is constructed. Based on the notion the interactive use of di erent kinds of knowledge in planning and design. 2 The Application Domain: Building is building design. In particular, the focus is on the installation in buildings with a complex infrastructure

  11. Review: Knowledge and Environmental Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, Peter C.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Environmental Policy: Re-Imagining the Boundaries ofand Environmental Policy: Re-Imagining the Boundaries ofKnowledge and Environmental Policy continues the complex and

  12. Technology, legal knowledge and citizenship

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dominguez Rubio, Fernando; Lezaun, Javier

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    through adjustment. Science, Technology and Human Values 31(3 Technology, legal knowledge and citizenship On the care ofhelp of these adaptive technologies, Jose had become able to

  13. Multi-scale current activated tip-based sintering of powder-based materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El Desouky, Ahmed Mohamed

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    hydraulic press ..again placed in the hydraulic press to release the powderright) Figure 4.4 Carver hydraulic press Figure 4.5 Nickel

  14. Multi-scale current activated tip-based sintering of powder-based materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El Desouky, Ahmed Mohamed

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Japan Society for powder Metallurgy 9 B. Srinivasaro, K. Oh-PM sintering method. Powder Metallurgy 45(4):322-328 47 Z.A.Japan Society of Powder Metallurgy 57(10): 654-659 106 M.

  15. Multi-scale current activated tip-based sintering of powder-based materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El Desouky, Ahmed Mohamed

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by Hoyt (working at General Electric Co. New York) [39]. Figalso working for General Electric Co. ) [40] performed the

  16. ISI Web of Knowledge111 , ,1111

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel, Rosenfeld

    ISI Web of Knowledge111 © , ,1111 -ISI Web of Knowledge (http://newisiknowledge.com) , , , . . -ISI Web of Knowledge : Web of Science(-1965) , . Biosis Previews(-1991) , ,, . MEDLINE(-1951) , , . Zoological Record(-1995). , . ISI Web of Knowledge . . -VPN( ). : 1.:http

  17. A knowledge services roadmay for online learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagopal, Anand, 1979-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In today's society, there is a need for organizations to have a robust knowledge infrastructure in place, so that they can create or acquire knowledge; store knowledge; disseminate knowledge, and protect and manage their ...

  18. Et notat til "det elektriske CO2 projekt". Med udgangspunkt i de studerendes CO2 tips analyseres CO2 emissionen i de forskellige belysningssituationer. De forskellige tips ses p projektets hjemmeside

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Et notat til "det elektriske CO2 projekt". Med udgangspunkt i de studerendes CO2 tips analyseres CO2 emissionen i de forskellige belysningssituationer. De forskellige tips ses på projektets hjemmeside www.co2tips.dk Indholdsfortegnelse EL-FORBRUG TIL BELYSNING I HUSHOLDNINGER

  19. Effect of Tip-Speed Constraints on the Optimized Design of a Wind Turbine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dykes, K.; Resor, B.; Platt, A.; Guo, Y.; Ning, A.; King, R.; Parsons, T.; Petch, D.; Veers, P.

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study investigates the effect of tip-velocity constraints on system levelized cost of energy (LCOE). The results indicate that a change in maximum tip speed from 80 to 100~m/s could produce a 32% decrease in gearbox weight (a 33% reduction in cost) which would result in an overall reduction of 1%-9% in system LCOE depending on the design approach. Three 100~m/s design cases were considered including a low tip-speed ratio/high-solidity rotor design, a high tip-speed ratio/ low-solidity rotor design, and finally a flexible blade design in which a high tip-speed ratio was used along with removing the tip deflection constraint on the rotor design. In all three cases, the significant reduction in gearbox weight caused by the higher tip-speed and lower overall gear ratio was counterbalanced by increased weights for the rotor and/or other drivetrain components and the tower. As a result, the increased costs of either the rotor or drivetrain components offset the overall reduction in turbine costs from down-sizing the gearbox. Other system costs were not significantly affected, whereas energy production was slightly reduced in the 100~m/s case low tip-speed ratio case and increased in the high tip-speed ratio case. This resulted in system cost of energy reductions moving from the 80~m/s design to the 100~m/s designs of 1.2% for the low tip-speed ratio, 4.6% for the high tip-speed ratio, and 9.5% for the final flexible case (the latter result is optimistic because the impact of deflection of the flexible blade on power production was not modeled). Overall, the results demonstrate that there is a trade-off in system design between the maximum tip velocity and the overall wind plant cost of energy, and there are many trade-offs within the overall system in designing a turbine for a high maximum tip velocity.

  20. Use a Vent Condenser to Recover Flash Steam Energy: Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) Steam Energy Tips Fact Sheet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DOE Office of Industrial Technologies

    2001-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

    BestPractices Steam tip sheet about using a vent condenser to recover flash steam energy in steam systems.

  1. Workflow Instance Detection: Toward A Knowledge Capture Methodology for Smart Oilfields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prasanna, Viktor K.

    Workflow Instance Detection: Toward A Knowledge Capture Methodology for Smart Oilfields Fan Sun, and act as a knowledge base to assist with troubleshooting and training new employees. A smart oilfield

  2. Precision tip-tilt-piston actuator that provides exact constraint

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hale, Layton C. (Livermore, CA)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A precision device which can precisely actuate three degrees of freedom of an optic mount, commonly referred to as tip, tilt, and piston. The device consists of three identical flexure mechanisms, an optic mount to be supported and positioned, a structure that supports the flexure mechanisms, and three commercially available linear actuators. The advantages of the precision device is in the arrangement of the constraints offered by the flexure mechanism and not in the particular design of the flexure mechanisms, as other types of mechanisms could be substituted. Each flexure mechanism constrains two degrees of freedom in the plane of the mechanisms and one direction is actuated. All other degrees of freedom are free to move within the range of flexure mechanisms. Typically, three flexure mechanisms are equally spaced in angle about to optic mount and arranged so that each actuated degree of freedom is perpendicular to the plane formed by the optic mount. This arrangement exactly constrains the optic mount and allows arbitrary actuated movement of the plane within the range of the flexure mechanisms. Each flexure mechanism provides a mechanical advantage, typically on the order of 5:1, between the commercially available actuator and the functional point on the optic mount. This improves resolution by the same ratio and stiffness by the square of the ratio.

  3. Controlling systems that drift through a tipping point

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takashi Nishikawa; Edward Ott

    2014-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Slow parameter drift is common in many systems (e.g., the amount of greenhouse gases in the terrestrial atmosphere is increasing). In such situations, the attractor on which the system trajectory lies can be destroyed, and the trajectory will then go to another attractor of the system. We consider the case where there are more than one of these possible final attractors, and we ask whether we can control the outcome (i.e., the attractor that ultimately captures the trajectory) using only small controlling perturbations. Specifically, we consider the problem of controlling a noisy system whose parameter slowly drifts through a saddle-node bifurcation taking place on a fractal boundary between the basins of multiple attractors. We show that, when the noise level is low, a small perturbation of size comparable to the noise amplitude applied at a single point in time can ensure that the system will evolve toward a target attracting state with high probability. For a range of noise levels, we find that the minimum size of perturbation required for control is much smaller within a time period that starts some time after the bifurcation, providing a "window of opportunity" for driving the system toward a desirable state. We refer to this procedure as tipping point control.

  4. Knowledge ecology and knowledge economy interests -can they be compatible? Rainer Kuhlen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhlen, Rainer

    Knowledge ecology and knowledge economy interests - can they be compatible? Rainer Kuhlen and knowledge ecology - can they be compatible? CC 1 #12;Knowledge ecology and knowledge economy interests - can they be compatible? part of #12;Knowledge ecology and knowledge economy interests - can they be compatible? EIS

  5. Landscape Research, Knowledge and Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landscape Research, Knowledge and Change Division of Landscape Architecture SLU Uppsala The Landscape Architect Education 2 Research Themes 3 PhD Students 10 #12; Welcome to the Division of Landscape Architecture! Landscape Architecture is the art

  6. Knowledge Capture and Transfer Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Office of Learning and Workforce Development is working with Heads of Departmental Elements, DOE senior leaders and subject-matter-experts to capture and transfer the knowledge and experiences...

  7. Effects of rotor tip clearance on an embedded compressor stage performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sakulkaew, Sitanun

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Compressor efficiency variation with rotor tip gap is assessed using numerical simulations on an embedded stage representative of that in a large industrial gas turbine with Reynolds number being approximately 2 x 106 to ...

  8. Three-dimensional rotating stall inception and effects of rotating tip clearance asymmetry in axial compressors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordon, Kenneth A. (Kenneth Andrew), 1970-

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects of two types of flow nonuniformity on stall inception behavior were assessed with linearized stability analyses of two compressor flow models. Response to rotating tip clearance asymmetries induced by a whirling ...

  9. CogPiT ---Configuration of Protocols in TIP Burkhard Stiller \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haddadi, Hamed

    CogPiT --- Configuration of Protocols in TIP Burkhard Stiller \\Lambda University of Cambridge 334476, FAX: +44 +1223 334678 E­Mail: Burkhard.Stiller@cl.cam.ac.uk Abstract The variety of upcoming

  10. Home Water Conservation Tips Water conservation begins at home, and we

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Home Water Conservation Tips Water conservation begins at home, and we must all do our part. We need to develop an attitude of conserving water so we will be conscious of using less water in all

  11. Employee Assistance Report Lifestyle Tips Insert January 2012 By Tim Lencki

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Duck O.

    quick to pack away your out- door workout gear for the winter months. Check out these tips: v Layer to coat the outside. Refrigerate for at least 1 hour. Store in an airtight container in refrigerator

  12. Characterization of a pre-curved stylet distal tip manipulation mechanism for use in volume targeting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ding, Hao, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The characterization of the volume targeting capabilities of a telerobotic device capable of needle distal tip manipulation with a pre-curved needle is the focus of this thesis. The concept of deploying a pre-curved stylet ...

  13. Microsoft PowerPoint - 7_MARY_MCCDONNELL_JOHN_BALLARD_Tips for...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Len Myers Special Requests (301) 903-2180 Len.Myers@nnsa.doe.gov Patricia Smith NRC Reconciliation (301) 903-6860 PatriciaR.Smith@nnsa.doe.gov Tips for Success ...

  14. Tip-up and stabilization of an autonomous four-wheeled vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lan, Justin T

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An instrumented four-wheeled robot was constructed to investigate steering-induced tip-up and rollover of four-wheeled vehicles, and the possibility of stabilizing and driving while balanced on two wheels. Using an analogy ...

  15. CAREER PLANS RESUMES COVER LETTERS JOB SEARCH STRATEGIES PORTFOLIOS TIPS The 2010-2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaminsky, Werner

    CAREER PLANS · RESUMES · COVER LETTERS · JOB SEARCH STRATEGIES · PORTFOLIOS · TIPS The 2010 Strategies .......................................... 16 · Resume Preparation............................................ 17 · Sample Resumes ................................................ 18 · Cover Letters

  16. WING TIP ANATOMY AND AERODYNAMICS IN FLYING National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathis, Wayne N.

    WING TIP ANATOMY AND AERODYNAMICS IN FLYING SQUIRRELS National Museum of Natural History aerodynamically sophisticat- back into a curve by the tibiocarpalis mus- ed. They are able to modify shape

  17. anaphase-telophase root tip: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    axial flow fan unit is closely related to its tip Camci, Cengiz 44 Current Biology 19, 21022107, December 29, 2009 2009 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved DOI 10.1016...

  18. David Alciatore ("Dr. Dave") ILLUSTRATED PRINCIPLES "Draw Shot Primer Part VII: Tips of English"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alciatore, David G.

    recommended "best practices" for good draw technique, and looked at a practice drill that might help you be used to practice the maximum recommended tip offset suggested in item 1. 3. Draw shot miscues are often

  19. Nuclear reactor control rod having a reduced worth tip

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doshi, P.K.; Wilson, J.F.

    1986-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This patent describes a nuclear reactor having a fuel assembly and a control rod moveable in and out for controlling the reactivity of the reactor, the control rod comprising: (a) an elongated tubular cladding; (b) means for closing the opposite ends of the cladding; (c) first pellets of a first type disposed within the cladding in an end-to-end relationship; and (d) second pellets of a second type disposed within the cladding in an end-to-end relationship; (e) one of the first and second types of pellets being formed of a material having a generally high neutron absorbing capacity; (f) the other of the first and second types of pellets being formed of an inert material having a generally low neutron absorbing capacity; (g) the pellets of the first and second types thereof being cylindrical with their respective diameters being generally equal; (h) the inert pellets being interspaced between the high neutron absorbing pellets at a lower end portion of the cladding with the remaining portion of the cladding above the lower end portion containing only the high neutron absorbing pellets; and (i) the axial heights of one of the first and second pluralities of pellets of the first and second types located at the lower end portion of the cladding progressively varying from pellet to pellet, the axial heights of the other of the first and second pellets of the first and second types located at the lower end portion of the cladding are generally equal from pellet to pellet, so as to produce an improved reduced worth tip at the lower end portion of the cladding.

  20. Facile fabrication of spherical nanoparticle-tipped AFM probes for plasmonic applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanders, Alan; Zhang, Liwu; Bowman, Richard W.; Herrmann, Lars O.; Baumberg, Jeremy J.

    2014-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    for reliably producing metallic spherical nanoparticle tips using only a simple electrochemical cell. Fabrication of Au spherical nanoparticle (AuNP) tips onto commercial AFM probes is achieved using single-pulse high- fi eld electrochemical growth... is employed for growth since both the cell geometry and electrodeposition solution are kept the same between fabrications. AFM probes are attached to fl u- orine-doped tin oxide (FTO) conductive glass, used as a working DOI: 10.1002/ppsc.201400104 Facile...

  1. Tips for Key Maps / Inset Maps How Do I Add a Key Maps or Inset Maps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brownstone, Rob

    Tips for Key Maps / Inset Maps How Do I Add a Key Maps or Inset Maps You need a new data frame o the properties/look of the extent rectangle Tips Index Map o Should be a simplified version of the map o Should cover at least 5X the area of the main map o Should have its own scale/coordinates/title o Main coverage

  2. Resolving the tips of the tree of life: How much mitochondrialdata doe we need?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bonett, Ronald M.; Macey, J. Robert; Boore, Jeffrey L.; Chippindale, Paul T.

    2005-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Mitochondrial (mt) DNA sequences are used extensively to reconstruct evolutionary relationships among recently diverged animals,and have constituted the most widely used markers for species- and generic-level relationships for the last decade or more. However, most studies to date have employed relatively small portions of the mt-genome. In contrast, complete mt-genomes primarily have been used to investigate deep divergences, including several studies of the amount of mt sequence necessary to recover ancient relationships. We sequenced and analyzed 24 complete mt-genomes from a group of salamander species exhibiting divergences typical of those in many species-level studies. We present the first comprehensive investigation of the amount of mt sequence data necessary to consistently recover the mt-genome tree at this level, using parsimony and Bayesian methods. Both methods of phylogenetic analysis revealed extremely similar results. A surprising number of well supported, yet conflicting, relationships were found in trees based on fragments less than {approx}2000 nucleotides (nt), typical of the vast majority of the thousands of mt-based studies published to date. Large amounts of data (11,500+ nt) were necessary to consistently recover the whole mt-genome tree. Some relationships consistently were recovered with fragments of all sizes, but many nodes required the majority of the mt-genome to stabilize, particularly those associated with short internal branches. Although moderate amounts of data (2000-3000 nt) were adequate to recover mt-based relationships for which most nodes were congruent with the whole mt-genome tree, many thousands of nucleotides were necessary to resolve rapid bursts of evolution. Recent advances in genomics are making collection of large amounts of sequence data highly feasible, and our results provide the basis for comparative studies of other closely related groups to optimize mt sequence sampling and phylogenetic resolution at the ''tips'' of the Tree of Life.

  3. Competency Knowledge Sub Domain Fundamental Knowledge and Clinical Reasoning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leistikow, Bruce N.

    on an understanding of the patient, pathophysiology, application of sound scientific principles, and fundamental mechanisms* and patient specific data** to address simple clinical cases (1,2) · Explains how the principles problems , addressing the pathophysiology and etiology (1,2) · Applies knowledge of the principles

  4. From Art to Science in Manufacturing: The Evolution of Technological Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bohn, Roger E.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    chart Synchronous line Science-based models (see below) Workpiece-tool interface Table 3.1 Key knowledge contributions of the SPC

  5. The Knowledge-Led Accumulation Regime: A Theory of Contemporary Capitalism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Hyungkee

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    age of globalization and knowledge-based economy arose, KWSof Political Economy, Sapir Andre (2005), Globalization andglobalization and liberalization that weaken the ability to intervene in the economy.

  6. E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptation knowledge discovery Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    enhanced discovery of scientific resources, including publications... ) is a knowledge infrastructure with a web-based interface that aims to provide enhanced tools for the...

  7. A knowledge portal for Norway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansen, Tom Henning

    A knowledge portal for Norway 2012 Highlights from the University of Oslo's annual report #12 examinations 14 The Governor of the Bank of Norway's Annual Address: 15 A student ombudsman is introduced 15 for Norway, and in addition to its achievements in the form of education and new research, it has a large

  8. HEART SMART NUTRITION KNOWLEDGE = POWER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lesson 1 HEART SMART NUTRITION KNOWLEDGE = POWER Know Your Cholesterol Number High blood cholesterol is one of the three major risk factors for heart disease that you can change. The other two risk the disease. Heart disease is the number one killer of women and men in the United States. In 2008, over 16

  9. Enhance your Cyber Security Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enhance your Cyber Security Knowledge About NPS CS FUNDAMENTALS: Create a strong foundational by increasing the effectiveness of the armed forces of the United States and its allies. Cyber Security-4015 About CISR #12;Cyber Security Adversarial Techniques Cyber Security Defense Cyber Security Fundamentals

  10. afm probe tip: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    detergents and cosmetics 17. PEG-modified surfaces resist protein adsorption, e.g. in stealth liposomes 3), while based on AFM technology, is optimized for resolution...

  11. The Araucaria Project: The Distance to NGC 300 from the Red Giant Branch Tip using HST/ACS imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luca Rizzi; Fabio Bresolin; Rolf-Peter Kudritzki; Wolfgang Gieren; Grzegorz Pietrzynski

    2005-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We have used the Advanced Camera for Surveys on board the Hubble Space Telescope to obtain deep photometry of the NGC 300 spiral galaxy in the Sculptor group. The results have been used to derive an accurate distance determination based on the Tip of the Red Giant Branch distance estimator. Both edge-detection and maximum likelihood methods have been applied, to derive a distance modulus (m-M)_0=26.30 +/- 0.03 +/- 0.12 for edge-detection, and (m-M)_0=26.36 +/- 0.02 +/- 0.12 for maximum likelihood. These results are fully consistent with the recent distance estimate derived from near-IR photometry of Cepheids variable stars in the context of the Araucaria project, (m-M)_0= 26.37 +/- 0.05 +/- 0.03.

  12. Analytical solutions to the free vibration of a double-walled carbon nanotube carrying a bacterium at its tip

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Storch, Joel A. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, California State University, Northridge, CA 91330-8348 (United States); Elishakoff, Isaac [Department of Ocean and Mechanical Engineering, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL 33431-0991 (United States)

    2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We calculate the natural frequencies and mode shapes of a cantilevered double-walled carbon nanotube carrying a rigid bodyrepresentative of a bacterium or virusat the tip of the outer nanotube. By idealizing the nanotubes as Bernoulli-Euler beams, we are able to obtain exact expressions for both the mode shapes and characteristic frequency equation. Separate analyses are performed for the special case of a concentrated tip mass and the more complicated situation where the tip body also exhibits inertia and mass center offset from the beam tip.

  13. Humidity effects on tip-induced polarization switching in lithium niobate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ievlev, Anton [ORNL] [ORNL; Morozovska, A. N. [National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine] [National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine; Shur, Vladimir Ya. [Ural Federal University, Russia] [Ural Federal University, Russia; Kalinin, Sergei V [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the last several decades, ferroelectrics have attracted much attention as perspective materials for nonlinear optics and data storage devices. Scanning probe microscopy (SPM) has emerged as a powerful tool both for studies of domain structures with nanoscale spatial resolution and for writing the isolated nanodomains by local application of the electric field. Quantitative analysis of the observed behavior requires understanding the role of environmental factors on imaging and switching process. Here we study the influence of the relative humidity in the SPM chamber on tip-induced polarization switching. The observed effects are attributed to existence of a water meniscus between the tip and the sample surface in humid atmosphere. These results are important for a deeper understanding of complex investigations of ferroelectric materials and their applications, and suggest the necessity for fundamental studies of electrocapillary phenomena at the tip-surface junction and their interplay with bias-induced materials responses.

  14. Workplan and Annex: Solar Resource Knowledge Management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Renne, D.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ''Solar Resource Knowledge Management'' will be a new task under the International Energy Agency's Solar Heating and Cooling Programme. The task development has involved researchers from Germany, France, Switzerland, Spain, Portugal, Italy, Canada, the U.S. that have been engaged in the use of satellite imagery to develop solar resource maps and datasets around the world. The task will address three major areas: (1) ''Benchmarking'' of satellite-based solar resource methods so that resource information derived from approaches developed in one country or based on a specific satellite can be quantitatively intercompared with methods from other countries using different satellites, as well as with ground data; (2) Data archiving and dissemination procedures, especially focusing on access to the data by end users; and (3) basic R&D for improving the reliability and usability of the data, and for examining new types of products important to the solar industry, such as solar resource forecasts.

  15. A study of the effect of tip clearance on propeller fan performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alam, Md. Shamsul

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Coefficient VI, Xf feet of Tip Clearance on Static Pressure for Given Capacity Coefficients 61 FIGURES Figure Title 1. Two Dimensional Flow through Airfoil Blade Grid 2. Velocity Diagram for an Axial Flow Fan 3. Single Stage Axial Flow Won... RIIOCR~CZi~ I OOB0 1. 0oOO I 57 possible clearance depending upon the flow conditions. Recently, Spencer hss investigated the effect of tip clearance on the performance of an axial flow pump. The findings of this thesis for axial fan confirm his...

  16. Numerical simulation of the flow field and the lifting forces in the bristle tip region of a brush seal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phung, Anh Ngoc

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The complicated fluid flow at the tip of a typical bristle within a brush seal is simulated. A numerical model is developed to compute the three-dimensional details in the bristle tip region. Experimental and numerical leakage data are correlated...

  17. A case study of a Greenland lee cyclogenesis event and the subsequent spawning of a tip jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pickart, Robert S.

    A case study of a Greenland lee cyclogenesis event and the subsequent spawning of a tip jet Carling: With elevations exceeding 2000m in height, Greenland's southern tip acts as a large barrier to storm systems traversing the North Atlantic. As a result of the interaction with Greenland, low-pressure systems located

  18. Work function at the tips of multiwalled carbon nanotubes Ruiping Gao, Zhengwei Pan, and Zhong L. Wanga)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    in which a carbon nano- tube, partially soaked in a carbon fiber produced by arc dis- chargeWork function at the tips of multiwalled carbon nanotubes Ruiping Gao, Zhengwei Pan, and Zhong L at the tips of individual multiwalled carbon nanotubes has been measured by an in situ transmission electron

  19. Fabrication of quantum point contacts by engraving GaAsAlGaAs heterostructures with a diamond tip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hohls, Frank

    by hot-filament chemical vapor deposition of polycrystalline diamond onto a prepat- terned siliconFabrication of quantum point contacts by engraving GaAsAlGaAs heterostructures with a diamond tip for publication 17 July 2002 We use the all-diamond tip of an atomic force microscope for the direct engraving

  20. 44th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, January 9-12, 2006, Reno, Nevada Turbine Tip Clearance Flow Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, Scott C.

    clearance between the rotor blade tips and outer casing. For a turbine, this clearance is on the order in an engine. In a turbine stage, blade rotation is caused by work extraction through turning of the post44th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, January 9-12, 2006, Reno, Nevada Turbine Tip Clearance

  1. EFFECT OF STRESS GRADIENT AT THE VICINITY OF A CRACK TIP ON IONIC DIFFUSION IN SILICATE GLASSES: AN AFM STUDY.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    1 EFFECT OF STRESS GRADIENT AT THE VICINITY OF A CRACK TIP ON IONIC DIFFUSION IN SILICATE GLASSES.marliere@univ-montp2.fr ABSTRACT The slow advance of a crack in sodo-silicate glasses was studied at nanometer scale-micrometric vicinity of the tip of a crack running in silicate glass with mobile ions (as sodium cations) and check

  2. Knowledge Elecitation for Factors Affecting Taskforce Productivity using a Questionnaire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muhammad Sohail; Abdur Rashid Khan

    2009-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we present the process of Knowledge Elicitation through a structured questionnaire technique. This is an effort to depict a problem domain as Investigation of factors affecting taskforce productivity. The problem has to be solved using the expert system technology. This problem is the very first step how to acquire knowledge from the domain experts. Knowledge Elicitation is one of the difficult tasks in knowledge base formation which is a key component of expert system. The questionnaire was distributed among 105 different domain experts of Public and Private Organizations (i.e. Education Institutions, Industries and Research etc) in Pakistan. A total 61 responses from these experts were received. All the experts were well qualified, highly experienced and has been remained the members for selection committees a number of times for different posts. Facts acquired were analyzed from which knowledge was extracted and elicited. A standard shape was given to the questionnaire for further research as a knowledge learning tool. This tool may be used as a standard document for selection and promotion of employees.

  3. The singularity at the tip of the rising plane bubble: The case of nonzero surface tension

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daripa, Prabir

    The singularity at the tip of the rising plane bubble: The case of nonzero surface tension Prabir pointed bubble in the presenceof surface tension. These bubbles have been recently obtained by Vanden to find the apexangle as a function of the speedof the bubbles for a fixed value of surface tension

  4. Greening North Carolina Travel and Tourism Tips for Sustainable Practices in Tourism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greening North Carolina Travel and Tourism Tips for Sustainable Practices in Tourism (As published that `going green' is important. It can help reduce operating costs, a growing number of consumers are asking for green products and services, and there is growing evidence that if we do not change how we do certain

  5. Greening North Carolina Travel and Tourism Tips for Sustainable Practices in Tourism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greening North Carolina Travel and Tourism Tips for Sustainable Practices in Tourism (As published Resources Many tourism businesses understand that `going green' is important. It can help reduce operating costs, a growing number of consumers are asking for green products and services, and there is growing

  6. Tips on Studying Abroad at the Universidad Politcnica de Valencia in Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Mo

    Tips on Studying Abroad at the Universidad Politécnica de Valencia in Spain Want to know what it- ence a new culture. · Valencia was the only place that CEE majors could go in Spain, so that's where I largest city in Spain, so don't worry about running out of things to do or being bored. From the City

  7. Computational Analysis of a Tip Vortex Structure Shed from a Bioinspired Blade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maccabe, Barney

    design for this purpose. Different rotor blade designs and relevant insect wings are under study Computational Analysis of a Tip Vortex Structure Shed from a Bioinspired Blade Sebastian was generated with SolidWorks CAD software from measurements performed on a wing sample obtained from

  8. Tips on Studying Abroad at the University of New South Wales (Semester Program) in Australia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Mo

    Tips on Studying Abroad at the University of New South Wales (Semester Program) in Australia Want have the inside scoop on their host institution and host country. · Australia looked exciting, plus even had to approve some while I was in Australia and it was no problem at all. · UNSW's Study Abroad

  9. A system for automatic positioning and alignment of fiber-tip interferometers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jalan, Mahesh

    2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    and accuracy to be attained. Opto-electronic and electromechanical devices including a GRIN lens, 2x2 fused bi-conical taper couplers, photodiodes, motor-controlled tip/tilt stages, oscilloscopes, and a PCI card, constitute a closed-loop system with a feedback...

  10. Top Tips for success Make sure the science is accurate and that

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    input into the project. · Does the science content relate to biomedical science? · Are the aims education and promotion projects. Final checklist: · Check the science. · Check the spelling. · Ensure allTop Tips for success #12;· Make sure the science is accurate and that you have relevant scientific

  11. FDACS-UF/IFAS Florida Farm to School Partnership Farmer Tips For Success

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    FDACS- UF/IFAS Florida Farm to School Partnership Farmer Tips For Success FDACS and UF-IFAS have to work with farmers to find innovative ways to connect them to our school cafeterias. We have a team the potential needs of schools in advance and the corresponding practices on your farm, you can streamline

  12. Tips on Studying Abroad at Shanghai Jiao Tong University in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Mo

    Tips on Studying Abroad at Shanghai Jiao Tong University in China Want to know what it's like Cultural Differences Lifestyle · When traveling in China don't put off buying decent train tickets until, Spring 2008 Travel blog can be found at: http://realtravel.com/china-trips-i6547124.html. Participant

  13. Nanoscale Heat Transfer at Contact Between a Hot Tip and a Substrate Stphane Lefvre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Nanoscale Heat Transfer at Contact Between a Hot Tip and a Substrate Stéphane Lefèvre Laboratoire d three heat transfer modes with experimental data and modeling. We conclude that the three modes in "International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 49, 1-2 (2006) 251-258" DOI : 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2005

  14. Tip Vortex Field Resolution Using an Adaptive Dual-Mesh Computational Nathan Hariharan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steffen, Michael

    for the aforementioned unsteady, vortical fields. 1. Introduction 1.1 Background Vortical wakes introduce important AMR in an unstructured Euler solver. Potsdam[3] also applied unstructured AMR to wind turbine wake1 Tip Vortex Field Resolution Using an Adaptive Dual-Mesh Computational Paradigm Nathan Hariharan

  15. Go to http://www.nist.gov/tip for more information TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magee, Joseph W.

    . As a result, TIP has been able to foster critical partnerships with industry to advance its mission of accelerating the development of new materials in three specific classes (nanomaterials, composites, and metals yields from raw materials, scrap rates, efficiency of raw material consumption, and/or other measures

  16. The EMBO Journal (2002) 21, 17041712 Tip60 is targeted to proteasome-mediated degradation by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    The EMBO Journal (2002) 21, 1704­1712 Tip60 is targeted to proteasome-mediated degradation by Mdm2 and accumulates after UV irradiation Gaëlle Legube1 , Laetitia K. Linares2 , Claudie Lemercier3 , Martin Scheffner ubiquitylation and proteasome-dependent degradation. Moreover, a ubiquitin ligase-defective mutant of Mdm2 had

  17. Effective Date: 3/31/2005 Environmental Health & Safety Tip Sheet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manning, Sturt

    Container/ Regular Trash Plastic Petri dishes Plastic tubes, flasks, plates Gloves Benchpaper and towels and animal cell cultures. Segregate in double, red biohazard bags or plastic, sharps disposal containers. In addition to a sharps disposal container, plastic pipettes and micropipette tips only may be: a. Placed

  18. Global Warming Twenty Years Later: Tipping Points Near James Hansen1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    Global Warming Twenty Years Later: Tipping Points Near James Hansen1 My presentation today is exactly 20 years after my 23 June 1988 testimony to Congress, which alerted the public that global warming has developed between what is understood about global warming by the relevant scientific community

  19. Tips on Studying Abroad at the American University in Cairo in Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Mo

    Tips on Studying Abroad at the American University in Cairo in Egypt Want to know what it's like pounds and another for American dollars. Egyptian pounds are more or less worthless outside of Egypt so of Egypt as many countries request payment of their visas in dollars. It worked out great for me. Finances

  20. Greening North Carolina Travel and Tourism Tips for Sustainable Practices in Tourism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greening North Carolina Travel and Tourism Tips for Sustainable Practices in Tourism (As published in VISITNC NewsLink) Editor: Alex Naar, Coordinator Sustainable Tourism Initiatives Center for Sustainable Tourism & Office of Innovation and Economic Development East Carolina University In partnership

  1. A TURBINE RESEARCH FACILITY TO STUDY TIP DESENSITIZATION INCLUDING COOLING FLOWS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camci, Cengiz

    CC-1 A TURBINE RESEARCH FACILITY TO STUDY TIP DESENSITIZATION INCLUDING COOLING FLOWS Cengiz Camci with the description of the Axial Flow Turbine Research Facility (AFTRF) installed at the Turbomachinery Laboratory of the Pennsylvania State University. The AFTRF is a single-stage cold flow turbine specifically designed for studying

  2. Tips on Studying Abroad at Monterrey Tec (Summer Program) in Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Mo

    Tips on Studying Abroad at Monterrey Tec (Summer Program) in Mexico Want to know what it's like it was in Mexico, which is similar enough to the U.S. that I wouldn't feel totally out of place, yet it was also or less students. (Contemporary Mexico had 21 students, Latin American Society and Culture had 15

  3. Field emission of individual carbon nanotube with in situ tip image and real work function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    Field emission of individual carbon nanotube with in situ tip image and real work function Zhi Xu of the most promising applications of carbon nanotubes CNTs for flat panel displays1 and highly coherent field-emission studies on carbon nanotube field emission took the work function as a constant e.g., 5 eV . Actually

  4. Building Knowledge through Families of Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basili, Victor R.

    Building Knowledge through Families of Experiments Victor R. Basili, Fellow, IEEE, Forrest Shull, and build models that represent the common observations about the discipline. This paper discusses building knowledge in an incremental manner through the replication of experiments within families

  5. Report on the project Building knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Building knowledge To build citizens To build cities Report on the project #12;#12;RectoR's message 1. oveReport on the project Building knowledge To build citizens To build cities UPF CAMPUS IC?RIA

  6. Toward image-based catheter tip tracking for treatment of atrial fibrillation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    (Biosense Webster Inc., CA, USA) and Ensite (St Jude Medical, MN, USA) inria-00418468,version1-18Sep2009 with an electromagnetic (EM) catheter tracking device has be- come the standard for guidance of pulmonary vein (PV) ablation. The anatomical model, derived from CT/MR-images, has to be registered to the EM tracking system

  7. Ammonia Sensors Based on Doped-Sol-Gel-Tipped Optical Fibers for Catalyst

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartment ofEnergy Natural Gas:Austin, TMOAB,Motor Challenge SuccessSystem

  8. D and D Knowledge Management Information Tool - 2012 - 12106

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Upadhyay, H.; Lagos, L.; Quintero, W.; Shoffner, P. [Applied Research Center, Florida International University, Miami. FL 33174 (United States); DeGregory, J. [Office of D and D and Facility Engineering, Environmental Management, Department of Energy (United States)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deactivation and decommissioning (D and D) work is a high priority activity across the Department of Energy (DOE) complex. Subject matter specialists (SMS) associated with the different ALARA (As-Low-As-Reasonably-Achievable) Centers, DOE sites, Energy Facility Contractors Group (EFCOG) and the D and D community have gained extensive knowledge and experience over the years in the cleanup of the legacy waste from the Manhattan Project. To prevent the D and D knowledge and expertise from being lost over time from the evolving and aging workforce, DOE and the Applied Research Center (ARC) at Florida International University (FIU) proposed to capture and maintain this valuable information in a universally available and easily usable system. D and D KM-IT provides single point access to all D and D related activities through its knowledge base. It is a community driven system. D and D KM-IT makes D and D knowledge available to the people who need it at the time they need it and in a readily usable format. It uses the World Wide Web as the primary source for content in addition to information collected from subject matter specialists and the D and D community. It brings information in real time through web based custom search processes and its dynamic knowledge repository. Future developments include developing a document library, providing D and D information access on mobile devices for the Technology module and Hotline, and coordinating multiple subject matter specialists to support the Hotline. The goal is to deploy a high-end sophisticated and secured system to serve as a single large knowledge base for all the D and D activities. The system consolidates a large amount of information available on the web and presents it to users in the simplest way possible. (authors)

  9. Category 1: Epistemology (EPIST) Scientific knowledge is the most objective form of knowledge.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cobern, William W.

    ) Science helps develop our natural resources such as coal, gas, oil, and solar energy. Scientific knowledge today because of scientific knowledge. The development of our natural resources, such as coal, gas, oil knowledge is the truest form of knowledge. Alpha = 0.7475 Category 2: Scientific & the Economy (ECON

  10. The Interactive Knowledge Library: Capturing, Sharing and Synthesizing Tacit Knowledge in Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eaton, Craig M.

    2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Engineering Management Field Project The Interactive Knowledge Library: Capturing, Sharing and Synthesizing Tacit Knowledge in Engineering By Craig M. Eaton Fall Semester, 2006 An EMGT Field Project report submitted... of using a Wiki as a practical engineering knowledge management tool at the corporate level. 2 Chapter Two LITERATURE REVIEW Knowledge Management and Tacit Knowledge From the Merriam Webster Online dictionary (www.m-w.com accessed 16 th Sep 06...

  11. Selective nano-patterning of graphene using a heated atomic force microscope tip

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Choi, Young-Soo; Wu, Xuan; Lee, Dong-Weon, E-mail: mems@jnu.ac.kr [MEMS and Nanotechnology Laboratory, School of Mechanical Engineering, Chonnam National University, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of)] [MEMS and Nanotechnology Laboratory, School of Mechanical Engineering, Chonnam National University, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study, we introduce a selective thermochemical nano-patterning method of graphene on insulating substrates. A tiny heater formed at the end of an atomic force microscope (AFM) cantilever is optimized by a finite element method. The cantilever device is fabricated using conventional micromachining processes. After preliminary tests of the cantilever device, nano-patterning experiments are conducted with various conducting and insulating samples. The results indicate that faster scanning speed and higher contact force are desirable to reduce the sizes of nano-patterns. With the experimental condition of 1 ?m/s and 24 mW, the heated AFM tip generates a graphene oxide layer of 3.6 nm height and 363 nm width, on a 300 nm thick SiO{sub 2} layer, with a tip contact force of 100 nN.

  12. High Resolution RANS NLH Study of Stage 67 Tip Injection Physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matheson, Michael A [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Numerical prediction of the Stage 67 transonic fan stage employing wall jet tip injection flow control and study of the physical mechanisms leading to stall suppression and stability enhancement afforded by endwall recirculation/injection is the focus of this paper. Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes computations were used to perform detailed analysis of the Stage 67 configuration experimentally tested at NASA s Glenn Research Center in 2004. Time varying prediction of the stage plus recirculation and injection flowpath were performed utilizing the Nonlinear Harmonic approach. Significantly higher grid resolution per passage was achieved than what has been generally employed in prior reported numerical studies of spike stall phenomena in transonic compressors. This paper focuses on characterizing the physics of spike stall embryonic stage phenomena and the impact of tip injection, resulting in experimentally and numerically demonstrated stall suppression

  13. Highly coherent electron beam from a laser-triggered tungsten needle tip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ehberger, Dominik; Eisele, Max; Krger, Michael; Noe, Jonathan; Hgele, Alexander; Hommelhoff, Peter

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on a quantitative measurement of the spatial coherence of electrons emitted from a sharp metal needle tip. We investigate the coherence in photoemission using near-ultraviolet laser triggering with a photon energy of 3.1 eV and compare it to DC-field emission. A carbon-nanotube is brought in close proximity to the emitter tip to act as an electrostatic biprism. From the resulting electron matter wave interference fringes we deduce an upper limit of the effective source radius both in laser-triggered and DC-field emission mode, which quantifies the spatial coherence of the emitted electron beam. We obtain $(0.80\\pm 0.05)\\,$nm in laser-triggered and $(0.55\\pm 0.02)\\,$nm in DC-field emission mode, revealing that the outstanding coherence properties of electron beams from needle tip field emitters are largely maintained in laser-induced emission. In addition, the relative coherence width of 0.36 of the photoemitted electron beam is the largest observed so far. The preservation of electronic coherence du...

  14. IMPACTS OF OIL AND NATURAL GAS ON PRAIRIE GROUSE: CURRENT KNOWLEDGE AND RESEARCH NEEDS1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beck, Jeffrey L.

    IMPACTS OF OIL AND NATURAL GAS ON PRAIRIE GROUSE: CURRENT KNOWLEDGE AND RESEARCH NEEDS1 Jeffrey L and natural gas development on grouse populations and habitats. The purpose of this review is to summarize current knowledge on the effects of oil and gas development and production on prairie grouse based

  15. A study of learning performance of e-learning materials design with knowledge maps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ouhyoung, Ming

    Information Security Project ING Information Security Project Microsoft e-learning Materials Project Microsoft e-learning Materials Project Knowledge MapsKnowledge Maps 66 Materials and Methods for Information-based e-learning materials 1616 Conclusion · Research topics elicited from projects. · Extended

  16. Boundary spanning, knowledge dynamics and emerging innovation systems early lessons from nanotechnology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    nanotechnology DIME Workshop "Industrial innovation dynamics and knowledge characteristics, exploring systems. Using nanotechnology as a case the paper focuses on analysing boundary spanning effects to capture possible changes in the knowledge base and search modes related to the rise of nanotechnology

  17. Intelligent Management of Call Centre Knowledge Megan Vazey and Debbie Richards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards, Debbie

    knowledge environment presented by the Help-desk, Call Centre and Support Centre. As well, it is a general expert system approaches and vendor solutions for the help- desk / support center, we have reviewed a collaborative web-based knowledge acquisition tool that will support the acquisition and re

  18. Data structures and apparatuses for representing knowledge

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hohimer, Ryan E; Thomson, Judi R; Harvey, William J; Paulson, Patrick R; Whiting, Mark A; Tratz, Stephen C; Chappell, Alan R; Butner, Robert S

    2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Data structures and apparatuses to represent knowledge are disclosed. The processes can comprise labeling elements in a knowledge signature according to concepts in an ontology and populating the elements with confidence values. The data structures can comprise knowledge signatures stored on computer-readable media. The knowledge signatures comprise a matrix structure having elements labeled according to concepts in an ontology, wherein the value of the element represents a confidence that the concept is present in an information space. The apparatus can comprise a knowledge representation unit having at least one ontology stored on a computer-readable medium, at least one data-receiving device, and a processor configured to generate knowledge signatures by comparing datasets obtained by the data-receiving devices to the ontologies.

  19. Academic Knowledge Transfer in Social Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slater, Mark David

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    179 7.1.4 Gamification of academic knowledgean experiment in gamification of knowledge transfer withina process commonly known as Gamification. Introduction There

  20. ORIGINAL PAPER The interdisciplinary engineering knowledge genome

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shai, Offer

    mastered all necessary knowledge to start and complete projects. Since the industrial revolution empirical discipline. The second industrial revolution saw the emergence of chemical and electrical

  1. PUTTING KNOWLEDGE TO WORK The University of Georgia and Ft. Valley State College, the U.S. Department of Agriculture and counties of the state cooperating.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navara, Kristen

    selected based on importance of legal risk, potential cost, or environmental damage. In order to meet and Environmental Sciences / Athens, Georgia 30602-4356 JULY 2002 BROILER TIP . . . AGRICULTURAL ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS In this age of expanding environmental scrutiny, management strategies that have

  2. Knowledge management and learning in the organizational context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    63 Knowledge management and learning in the organizational context Albena Antonova, Elissaveta and explicit knowledge, considers organizational learning and knowledge workers specifics. In the centre management, learning, organizational learning 1. THE KNOWLEDGE DIMENSIONS The concepts and nature

  3. Learning Energy Demand Domain Knowledge via Feature Transformation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Povinelli, Richard J.

    Learning Energy Demand Domain Knowledge via Feature Transformation Sanzad Siddique Department -- Domain knowledge is an essential factor for forecasting energy demand. This paper introduces a method knowledge substantially improves energy demand forecasting accuracy. However, domain knowledge may differ

  4. A knowledge of the potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sali, Andrej

    is as important for understanding protein folding as is the potential surface for the H H2 reaction. estimated to protein folding, in which thousands of atoms take part. The under- standing of a reaction is based of experimental developments and theoretical advances.[1] By contrast, protein folding is so complex that even

  5. Health Tips

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickr FlickrGuidedCH2M HILL SecretaryHazmat work opens up newHow

  6. OBJECTIVES OF THE EDINBURGH KNOWLEDGE ENVIRONMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    OBJECTIVES OF THE EDINBURGH KNOWLEDGE ENVIRONMENT PARTNERSHIP The University of Edinburgh, Heriot and natural environment. The Edinburgh Knowledge Environment Partnership will thus provide a unique research between key stakeholders in the built and natural environment and to reach out in assisting

  7. A Product Software Knowledge Infrastructure for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    1 A Product Software Knowledge Infrastructure for Situational Capability Maturation: Vision and Case Studies in Product Management Inge van de Weerd, Johan Versendaal and Sjaak Brinkkemper Department-3275 #12;2 A Product Software Knowledge Infrastructure for Situational Capability Maturation: Vision

  8. Applied knowledge to meet society's needs.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langendoen, Koen

    Applied knowledge to meet society's needs. Applied Physics covers phenomena ranging from knowledge and hands-on experience in experimental techniques, theoretical analysis, simulation and modelling of radiation. The focus of the research is on energy and health. While the topics addressed ­ covering

  9. Knowledge Framework Implementation with Multiple Architectures - 13090

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Upadhyay, H.; Lagos, L.; Quintero, W.; Shoffner, P. [Applied Research Center, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33174 (United States)] [Applied Research Center, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33174 (United States); DeGregory, J. [Office of D and D and Facility Engineering, Environmental Management, Department of Energy (United States)] [Office of D and D and Facility Engineering, Environmental Management, Department of Energy (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Multiple kinds of knowledge management systems are operational in public and private enterprises, large and small organizations with a variety of business models that make the design, implementation and operation of integrated knowledge systems very difficult. In recent days, there has been a sweeping advancement in the information technology area, leading to the development of sophisticated frameworks and architectures. These platforms need to be used for the development of integrated knowledge management systems which provides a common platform for sharing knowledge across the enterprise, thereby reducing the operational inefficiencies and delivering cost savings. This paper discusses the knowledge framework and architecture that can be used for the system development and its application to real life need of nuclear industry. A case study of deactivation and decommissioning (D and D) is discussed with the Knowledge Management Information Tool platform and framework. D and D work is a high priority activity across the Department of Energy (DOE) complex. Subject matter specialists (SMS) associated with DOE sites, the Energy Facility Contractors Group (EFCOG) and the D and D community have gained extensive knowledge and experience over the years in the cleanup of the legacy waste from the Manhattan Project. To prevent the D and D knowledge and expertise from being lost over time from the evolving and aging workforce, DOE and the Applied Research Center (ARC) at Florida International University (FIU) proposed to capture and maintain this valuable information in a universally available and easily usable system. (authors)

  10. The impact of an environmental education program on third graders' knowledge, attitudes and behavioral intentions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vadala, Carin Elizabeth

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to measure whether an after-school environmental education program based on modified Project Wild materials, positively impacted third graders environmental knowledge, attitudes and behavioral intentions. Eight lesson...

  11. Reshaping rural development through knowledge clusters : the case of Danville and Southside, Virginia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierson, Andrew Stuart (Andrew Drew Stuart)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines challenges and implications associated with implementing knowledge-based economic development strategies in rural regions, focusing on the City of Danville in Southside Virginia. In 2000, Danville ...

  12. An Investigation into the Role of Implicit Knowledge in Adult Second Language Acquisition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard Cook, Anna

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis investigates the role of implicit knowledge in second language acquisition, presenting five experiments and related simulations based on artificial grammar learning. It examines whether second language learners ...

  13. Socio-cognitive analysis of engineering systems design : shared knowledge, process, and product

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avnet, Mark Sean

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research is based on the well-known but seldom stated premise that the design of complex engineered systems is done by people -- each with their own knowledge, thoughts, and views about the system being designed. To ...

  14. Identifying Tipping Points in a Decision-Theoretic Model of Network Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heimann, C F Larry

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although system administrators are frequently urged to protect the machines in their network, the fact remains that the decision to protect is far from universal. To better understand this decision, we formulate a decision-theoretic model of a system administrator responsible for a network of size n against an attacker attempting to penetrate the network and infect the machines with a virus or similar exploit. By analyzing the model we are able to demonstrate the cost sensitivity of smaller networks as well as identify tipping points that can lead the administrator to switch away from the decision to protect.

  15. Tips: Smart Meters and a Smarter Power Grid | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatusButler Tina Butler Tina-Butler.jpgLighting Tips: ShoppingSmart

  16. File:Table for Tip Speed Intervals of Length.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision has beenFfe2fb55-352f-473b-a2dd-50ae8b27f0a6 NoSanEnergy0).pdfLongValleyInformationSkystreamTip Speed

  17. File:Tip Speed Lesson Plan.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision has beenFfe2fb55-352f-473b-a2dd-50ae8b27f0a6Theoretical vs Actual Data Lesson Plan .pdf Jump to:Tip Speed

  18. A Combined Doctrine of Knowledge for Plato

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laidlaw-Johnson, E. A.

    describes the soul as a long-lived thing that wears out several short-lived bodies much as a person wears out several coats in a life time (Ph. 87d). While this soul/body distinction will aid in our understanding of knowledge, it is the soul...a man's recollection of a single piece of knowledge. The characterizations of learning in the Phaedo and Meno are compatible with the theory of knowledge via recollection-the doctrine introduced in the Meno. Gearly, both the Phaedo and Meno accounts...

  19. Plan generation strategies for a knowledge based process planning system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hari, Umesh

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -12. Checking Manufacturability at Site 3-13. Plan Alternate Process 3-14. Review Plans Critically 3-15. Plan Refinement 3-16. Evaluation of Plans 45 47 48 49 50 52 3-17. Detail Plan 53 3-18. Understanding Part Features 55 3-19. Evolving... manufacturing system where quick decisions have to be made on the shop when production is interrupted for contingencies. 15 2. 3. 2 The Generative Approach A generative process planning system synthesizes new process plans automatically. It enables...

  20. A Probabilistic Active Knowledge Base Architecture for Observational Data Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hazas, Mike

    a decision support system to manage environment and urban water sys- tems [1]. User objectives with new urban development supporting the concept of water sensitive urban design The project parameters that the management system must support are: · Quantify the impact of current and historical land uses causing

  1. A graphical user interface for knowledge-based control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Paul Joseph

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cruising to landing. However, in the interest of simulation simplicity, no models were designed to handle turning of the aircraft. Because the simulation ~a& 4m so MACH =m AS ~Z25 160 ~', PO ISO l I~it 20 l. e 22 ENGINE 2l Ezz oaz o. e 12 IO... adjusting the engine thrust to achieve the desired airspeed. The artificial horizon gauge (upper middle) emulates a gyroscopic gauge that maintains a constant, steady horizon. The artificial horizon indicates roll and pitch of the aircraft as a reference...

  2. Knowledge based process planning system for electronic assembly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sabapathy, Arvindh

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    . In both cases the connection is made permanent by soldering the leads. The two methods require different component geometries, assembly machines and soldering methods. Of these, surface mount method is a relatively new technology and is becoming... of solder paste or adhesives, cleaning processes, material handling, inspection and testing Operations [11, 12, 13]. Assembly Operations are concerned with the delivery of components to a specified location on the board. Assembly Operations can...

  3. Active and Knowledge-based Process Safety Incident Retrieval System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Sara Shammni

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    topics saved for quick access. The database search system developed in this research is similar to that of CCPS-PSID in the way that it offers folder search and word search. However, the PSID has a single level of folders (keyword list... maximum of four levels. Moreover, word search within a folder has also been included for the search system, which further improves searching capabilities. 5 Some of the existing incident databases that are open to public or accessible by Mary Kay O...

  4. An object-oriented, knowledge-based aircraft approach controller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lass, Steven Lee

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the LOFFTI project on a SPARC IPC running UNIX with X Windows. The project is documented in a 1994 NASA Contractor Reports. As Figure 6 indicates, the graphical user interface serves as the interface between the pilot and the controller. The GUI's primary...

  5. Knowledge-based navigation in a hypertext network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snell, James Robert

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    text book. With the advent of modem digital computer systems and mass storage techniques the use of machines for information storage and recall became a reality. Information stared in computer files usually are organized alike their paper Manuscript...

  6. Knowledge organization tool: a supercard-based system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Buijtenen, Cindy M.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Description card. 6 Rule Content card. 7 Characteristic card. Page 29 30 31 33 34 35 36 8 Graphics card. 9 Examples card. 10 Reference card. 11 Window buttons. 37 38 39 40 12 List of existing links to the selected window. 13 Arrow buttons...~~ Intelligent systems have increased in popularity over the last decade. Their advance is aided by the development of Expert System Building Tools (ESBTs) which provide an environment that allows even novices to build simple intelligent systems. However...

  7. Mapping Data to Higher-Order Description Logic Knowledge Bases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Giacomo, Giuseppe

    and the elements of the ontology. Several OBDA projects have been carried out in the last years [9], and OBDA sys that they are mutually disjoint. Table T-Cars, on the other #12;T-CarTypes Code TypeName T1 Coup´e T2 SUV T3 Sedan T4

  8. Lifting task design associate: a knowledge-based system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brooks, Susan Elaine

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the task Each of these task traits are important and are highly interactive NIOSH combined these four methodologies to define a set of equations in order to evaluate a lifting task Although the NIOSH evaluation is very procedural in nature, the numerous... intelligent system technology with the NIOSH lifting guidelines in order to provide a tool that will assist the workstation designer in the use of the NIOSH 1981 and 1992 lifting guidelines This system is to be called the LiAing Task Design Associate (LTDA...

  9. An Argument for Knowledge Variety in Evidence-Based Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martelli, Peter Fabrizio

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the concept of safety culture drawn from the literature ontypology, knowing that safety culture aligns with the valuesthe mechanisms by which safety culture affects communication

  10. An Argument for Knowledge Variety in Evidence-Based Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martelli, Peter Fabrizio

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    including decision efficiency, organizational legitimacy,efficiency, harm to workers or clients/patients, and the overall threat to organizational

  11. An Argument for Knowledge Variety in Evidence-Based Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martelli, Peter Fabrizio

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hansonian and Harmonian Abduction as Models of Discovery. also known as abduction, is a form of inference originatingthe case. Hansonian abduction 12 is a mode of inference that

  12. A framework for knowledge-based team training

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Michael Scott

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Teamwork is crucial to many disciplines, from activities such as organized sports to economic and military organizations. Team training is difficult and as yet there are few automated tools to assist in the training task. As with the training...

  13. WEB-BASED RESOURCES ENHANCE HYDROGEN SAFETY KNOWLEDGE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weiner, Steven C.; Fassbender, Linda L.; Blake, Chad; Aceves, Salvador; Somerday, Brian P.; Ruiz, Antonio

    2013-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energys Fuel Cell Technologies Program addresses key technical challenges and institutional barriers facing the development and deployment of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies with the goal of decreasing dependence on oil, reducing carbon emissions and enabling reliable power generation. The Safety, Codes & Standards program area seeks to develop and implement the practices and procedures that will ensure safety in the operation, handling and use of hydrogen and hydrogen systems for all projects and utilize these practices and lessons learned to promote the safe use of hydrogen. Enabling the development of codes and standards for the safe use of hydrogen in energy applications and facilitating the development and harmonization of international codes and standards are integral to this work.

  14. BIKE INFRASTRUCTURES Collecting knowledge of biking behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, René Rydhof

    collection #12;2 A&D FILES ISSN: 1603-6204 VOLUME 51 TITEL Collecting knowledge of biking behavior into three sections (3 x 70 respondents, i.e. 210 respondents in total) ­ each section following the same

  15. Strathclyde Links Useful Knowledge for Growing Companies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mottram, Nigel

    Strathclyde Links Useful Knowledge for Growing Companies Arecent project, supported by Strathclyde Tibor Illes in the Department of Management Science, with University spin- out company, Cascade applications. The company identified the need for academic research expertise when reviewing one

  16. RESEARCH OF DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL KNOWLEDGE SERVICE IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Abstract: With the global development of knowledge economy, the knowledge requirement of farmers is more, they select and gather a variety of information resource, and provide new knowledge production after refining

  17. Top 10 tips to doing research Research is a central part of university studies. Here are some top 10 tips to help you conduct your own research and answer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    10 tips to help you conduct your own research and answer assignment questions and write reports. 1 references. It is available through the IT Service Desk to load onto your computer. 9. Return to your my research? 10. Write. Use writing as a tool throughout your research to deepen your thinking. Watch

  18. Knowledge Capture and Transfer Program | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Knowledge Capture and Transfer Program Knowledge Capture and Transfer Program The Office of Learning and Workforce Development is working with Heads of Departmental Elements, DOE...

  19. Knowledge Capture and Transfer Program (KCTP) "Newly Created...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Knowledge Capture and Transfer Program (KCTP) "Newly Created" Powerpedia Page Knowledge Capture and Transfer Program (KCTP) "Newly Created" Powerpedia Page June 3, 2014 - 1:36pm...

  20. Transcript: Time-and Money-Saving Tech Tips, October 30, 2009 Hello, this is Mary with NUIT Communications, and welcome to the latest NUIT to Go

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shull, Kenneth R.

    Transcript: Time- and Money-Saving Tech Tips, October 30, 2009 Hello, this is Mary with NUIT that NUIT can help you save time and money. Before we get started with the list of quick tips, I want to let that will help you save time and money are available on the NUIT website at www.it.northwestern.edu. Thanks a lot

  1. Sink Flow Deforms the Interface Between a Viscous Liquid and Air into a Tip Singularity S. Courrech du Pont and J. Eggers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eggers, Jens

    further, the opening angle of the cone vanishes like h2. No evidence for air entrainment was found, exceptSink Flow Deforms the Interface Between a Viscous Liquid and Air into a Tip Singularity S. Courrech between a viscous liquid and air is deformed by a sink flow of constant flow rate to form a sharp tip

  2. The Machinery of Knowledge: An Ontology-Registry for a Geospatial Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stock, Kristin

    1 The Machinery of Knowledge: An Ontology-Registry for a Geospatial Knowledge Infrastructure for Geospatial Science, University of Nottingham, UK 2 Allworlds Geothinking, UK 3 EDINA, UK 4 Cardiff University *Corresponding author: Centre for Geospatial Science, School of Geography, University of Nottingham, NG7 2RD, UK

  3. Micro-scale water potential gradients visualized in soil around plant root tips using microbiosensorspce_2070 1..12

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gage, Daniel J.

    scales around plant roots remain unobserved for lack of a water potential sensing tool that can operateMicro-scale water potential gradients visualized in soil around plant root tips using, USA ABSTRACT Water availability and movement in soil are critical deter- minants of resource

  4. Blackboard Learning Services V-F1 Page 1 Blackboard Inc. Digital Drop Box vs. Assignment Manager Tip Sheet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blackboard Learning Services V-F1 Page 1 Blackboard Inc. Digital Drop Box vs. Assignment Manager Tip Sheet Blackboard Best Practices: Digital Drop Box vs. Assignment Manager A Blackboard Learning causes confusion for students and instructors alike. Adding a File When a user elects to Add File

  5. Method for the assessment of airborne off-target pesticide spray concentrations due to aircraft wing-tip vortex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliva, Sergio Eduardo

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    that spherical spray droplets are transported by a two dimensional parametric representation of a spray-engulfing aircraft wing-tip vortex pair. Two distinctive flow regions were considered for the spray-vortex dynamics. The first occurs in the vicinity...

  6. Scanning tunneling microscope tip as a positionable contact: Probing a Josephson-junction array at subkelvin temperatures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scanning tunneling microscope tip as a positionable contact: Probing a Josephson-junction arrayK. The STM enables us to probe the structure, a Josephson-junction array, at various positions. Examples of such systems are two- dimensional electron gases and Josephson junction arrays.1

  7. I point my heart with the tip of my ngers -Biometry for the diagnosis congenital heart defects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    I point my heart with the tip of my ngers - Biometry for the diagnosis congenital heart defects Vasculaires, Hôpital de Pontchaillou, Rennes, France Abstract Congenital heart defects are characterized by abnormal positioning of some anatomical structures relative to a normal heart. Classically the classication

  8. Structure of the Yersinia pestis tip protein LcrV refined to 1.65 A resolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhury, S.; Battaile, K. P.; Lovell, S.; Plano, G. V.; De Guzman, Roberto N.

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The human pathogen Yersinia pestis requires the assembly of the type III secretion system (T3SS) for virulence. The structural component of the T3SS contains an external needle and a tip complex, which is formed by LcrV ...

  9. Nano Res. 2012, 5(6): 412420412 Reshaping the Tips of ZnO Nanowires by Pulsed Laser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    Nano Res. 2012, 5(6): 412­420412 Reshaping the Tips of ZnO Nanowires by Pulsed Laser Irradiation to the body of the ZnO nanowire, and that the center of the sphere is hollow. The growth mechanism of the hollow ZnO nanospheres is proposed to involve laser-induced ZnO evaporation immediately followed by re

  10. `KNOWLEDGE AND VIRTUE: RESPONSE TO KELP'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edinburgh, University of

    1 `KNOWLEDGE AND VIRTUE: RESPONSE TO KELP' DUNCAN PRITCHARD University of Edinburgh In a very interesting paper, `Pritchard on Virtue Epistemology', Christoph Kelp argues that my recent critique ability). In particular, RVE does not involve any appeal to an anti-luck condition.2 As Kelp makes clear

  11. Global Emergence of Frontier Knowledge November 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamamoto, Hirosuke

    , Infrastructure, Medical and Biologi- cal Engineering, Mineral Resources, Nano Physics, SustainabilityGlobal Emergence of Frontier Knowledge November 2013 Nov. 7th U.Católica (Casa Central) 09:00 Doors, Culture & Body, Earthquakes, Tsunami & Volcanoes, Element & Material Sciences, Food Resource

  12. Common Knowledge and Update in Finite Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Meyden, Ron

    Conference on Theoretical Aspects of Reasoning about Knowledge, (R. Fagin, ed.) pp. 225­242, Morgan Kaufmann and Misra, 1986; Fagin et al., 1991; Halpern and Moses, 1990; Halpern and Vardi, 1989; Panangaden and Taylor and Immerman, 1986; Halpern and Moses, 1992; Halpern and Vardi, 1988a; Halpern and Vardi, 1988b; Ladner

  13. Prediction Markets Partition model of knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fiat, Amos

    Prediction Markets Partition model of knowledge Distributed information markets Convergence time bounds Computational Aspects of Prediction Markets David M. Pennock and Rahul Sami December 5, 2012 Presented by: Rami Eitan David M. Pennock and Rahul Sami Computational Aspects of Prediction Markets #12

  14. A SAGA OF KNOWLEDGE Table of Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charette, André

    The University moves out of the Latin Quarter onto Mount Royal, into a new building designed by architect Ernest, was a landmark in the annals of Francophone philanthropy. This report reflects the winds of renewal coursing teaching and lively student life. Ours is a saga of knowledge such has rarely unfolded in North America

  15. NUCLEAR INCIDENT CAPABILITIES, KNOWLEDGE & ENABLER LEVERAGING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kinney, J.; Newman, J.; Goodwyn, A.; Dewes, J.

    2011-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The detonation of a 10 Kiloton Improvised Nuclear Device (IND) is a serious scenario that the United States must be prepared to address. The likelihood of a single nuclear bomb exploding in a single city is greater today than at the height of the Cold War. Layered defenses against domestic nuclear terrorism indicate that our government continues to view the threat as credible. The risk of such an event is further evidenced by terrorists desire to acquire nuclear weapons. The act of nuclear terrorism, particularly an act directed against a large population center in the United States, will overwhelm the capabilities of many local and state governments to respond, and will seriously challenge existing federal response capabilities. A 10 Kiloton IND detonation would cause total infrastructure damage in a 3-mile radius and levels of radiation spanning out 3,000 square miles. In a densely populated urban area, the anticipated casualties would be in excess of several hundred thousand. Although there would be enormous loss of life, housing and infrastructure, an IND detonation is a recoverable event. We can reduce the risk of these high-consequence, nontraditional threats by enhancing our nuclear detection architecture and establishing well planned and rehearsed plans for coordinated response. It is also important for us to identify new and improved ways to foster collaboration regarding the response to the IND threat to ensure the demand and density of expertise required for such an event is postured and prepared to mobilize, integrate, and support a myriad of anticipated challenges. We must be prepared to manage the consequences of such an event in a deliberate manner and get beyond notions of total devastation by adopting planning assumptions around survivability and resiliency. Planning for such a scenario needs to be decisive in determining a response based on competencies and desired outcomes. It is time to synthesize known threats and plausible consequences into action. Much work needs to be accomplished to enhance nuclear preparedness and to substantially bolster and clarify the capacity to deploy competent resources. Until detailed plans are scripted, and personnel and other resources are postured, and exercised, IND specific planning remains an urgent need requiring attention and action. Although strategic guidance, policies, concepts of operations, roles, responsibilities, and plans governing the response and consequence management for the IND scenario exist, an ongoing integration challenge prevails regarding how best to get capable and competent surge capacity personnel (disaster reservists) and other resources engaged and readied in an up-front manner with pre-scripted assignments to augment the magnitude of anticipated demands of expertise. With the above in mind, Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) puts science to work to create and deploy practical, high-value, cost-effective nuclear solutions. As the Department of Energy's (DOE) applied research and development laboratory, SRNL supports Savannah River Site (SRS) operations, DOE, national initiatives, and other federal agencies, across the country and around the world. SRNL's parent at SRS also employs more than 8,000 personnel. The team is a great asset that seeks to continue their service in the interest of national security and stands ready to accomplish new missions. Overall, an integral part of the vision for SRNL's National and Homeland Security Directorate is the establishment of a National Security Center at SRNL, and development of state of the science capabilities (technologies and trained technical personnel) for responding to emergency events on local, regional, or national scales. This entails leveraging and posturing the skills, knowledge and experience base of SRS personnel to deliver an integrated capability to support local, state, and federal authorities through the development of pre-scripted requests for assistance, agreements, and plans. It also includes developing plans, training, exercises, recruitment strategies, and processes to e

  16. Alerts in BIOSIS Previews via ISI Web of Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    Alerts in BIOSIS Previews® via ISI Web of Knowledge The alerting capability in ISI Web of Knowledge research. This powerful feature is accessible via the ISI Web of Knowledge homepage, where you can log on emailing of search results, follow these steps: 1. Sign in to ISI Web of Knowledge via the link on the ISI

  17. Implementation Plan for the Office of Nuclear Energy Knowledge Management Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kimberlyn C. Mousseau

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary purpose of the Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) Knowledge Management (KM) Program is to capture, share, disseminate, and ensure the ability to apply the knowledge created by the major nuclear energy Research and Development (R&D) programs. In support of the KM program, the Implementation Plan for the Office of NE KM Program outlines the knowledge management and distributed data environment that is required for its success. In addition to enumerating some strategic goals and objectives, this document characterizes the initial program and identifies computer-based areas of investment required for increased knowledge sharing and collaboration. It identifies and addresses investments already in existence and describes how these investments can be further enhanced and implemented to support a distributed KM program. The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is leading the effort to identify and address these investments through the implementation of a distributed KM program that includes participants from ten of the major DOE national laboratories.

  18. City Knowledge Patterns: A standard for Smart City Knowledge management Nooshin Allahyari, Mark S. Fox, and Michael Gruninger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    City Knowledge Patterns: A standard for Smart City Knowledge management Nooshin Allahyari, Mark S in recogniz- ing knowledge requirements of city government. This model, which we denote as City Knowledge category of the city government, and is comprised of a set of inter-relate concepts and attributes

  19. Knowledge Discovery, Knowledge Management and Enterprise-Wide Information Technology Tools Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patton, Robert M [ORNL; Symons, Christopher T [ORNL; Gorman, Bryan L [ORNL; Treadwell, Jim N [ORNL

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A final report on an ORNL task to establish a knowledge discovery and management tool to retrieve and recommend information from existing S&T documents for the Office of Naval Research Global.

  20. Inverse diffusion from knowledge of power densities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bal, Guillaume; Monard, Francois; Triki, Faouzi

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper concerns the reconstruction of a diffusion coefficient in an elliptic equation from knowledge of several power densities. The power density is the product of the diffusion coefficient with the square of the modulus of the gradient of the elliptic solution. The derivation of such internal functionals comes from perturbing the medium of interest by acoustic (plane) waves, which results in small changes in the diffusion coefficient. After appropriate asymptotic expansions and (Fourier) transformation, this allow us to construct the power density of the equation point-wise inside the domain. Such a setting finds applications in ultrasound modulated electrical impedance tomography and ultrasound modulated optical tomography. We show that the diffusion coefficient can be uniquely and stably reconstructed from knowledge of a sufficient large number of power densities. Explicit expressions for the reconstruction of the diffusion coefficient are also provided. Such results hold for a large class of boundary...

  1. Computational fact checking from knowledge networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciampaglia, Giovanni Luca; Rocha, Luis M; Bollen, Johan; Menczer, Filippo; Flammini, Alessandro

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Traditional fact checking by expert journalists cannot keep up with the enormous volume of information that is now generated online. Computational fact checking may significantly enhance our ability to evaluate the veracity of dubious information. Here we show that the complexities of human fact checking can be approximated quite well by finding the shortest path between concept nodes under properly defined semantic proximity metrics on knowledge graphs. Framed as a network problem this approach is feasible with efficient computational techniques. We evaluate this approach by examining tens of thousands of claims related to history, entertainment, geography, and biographical information using a public knowledge graph extracted from Wikipedia. Statements independently known to be true consistently receive higher support via our method than do false ones. These findings represent a significant step toward scalable computational fact-checking methods that may one day mitigate the spread of harmful misinformation...

  2. STALL STREET JOURNAL [A WEEKLY DOSE OF KNOWLEDGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahon, Bradford Z.

    bottles, and plastic tubs or jars are not microwave safe. Check for a symbol indicating it is before using veggies. Follow these tips to prevent fires--and burned food. 1. Most plastic take-out containers, water, and heavy plastic wrap 3. Vent plastic wrap to allow steam to escape. 4. Always use oven mitts or a thick

  3. Generalized model for ultrafast laser induced electron emission from a metal tip

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ang, L. K. [Singapore University of Technology and Design, Singapore 138682 (Singapore) [Singapore University of Technology and Design, Singapore 138682 (Singapore); School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 639798 (Singapore); Pant, M. [Singapore University of Technology and Design, Singapore 138682 (Singapore)] [Singapore University of Technology and Design, Singapore 138682 (Singapore)

    2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we will present a brief review of the recently developed non-equilibrium heating and time dependent tunneling model to study the dynamic processes in using an ultrafast laser to induce electron emission from a metallic tip ranging from the multiphoton to the optical tunneling regime. Due to the short time scale of the ultrafast laser pulse, the lattice is found to be in a non-equilibrium condition and a single temperature model is no longer valid. The ultrafast laser heating enhances the electron emission through both the multiphoton and optical tunneling processes rather than over-barrier emission due to thermal heating. The paper is focused on the methodology of how these two effects (non-equilibrium heating and time-dependent tunneling) are combined in a self-consistent model. The model shows a smooth transition of the emitted charge as a function of laser field, ranging from the multiphoton emission regime at low laser field to the optical tunneling regime at high laser field. The paper will conclude with some discussion of future work.

  4. A study of the ice-water interface using the TIP4P/2005 water model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jorge Benet; Luis G. MacDowell; Eduardo Sanz

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work we study the ice-water interface under coexistence conditions by means of molecular simulations using the TIP4P/2005 water model. Following the methodology proposed by Hoyt and co-workers [J. J. Hoyt, M. Asta and A. Karma, Phys. Rev. Lett., 86, 5530, (2001)] we measure the interfacial free energy of ice with liquid water by analysing the spectrum of capillary fluctuations of the interface. We get an orientationally averaged interfacial free energy of 27(2) mN/m, in good agreement with a recent estimate obtained from simulation data of the size of critical clusters [E. Sanz, C. Vega, J. R. Espinosa, R. Caballero-Bernal, J. L. F. Abascal and C. Valeriani, JACS, 135, 15008, (2013)]. We also estimate the interfacial free energy of different planes and obtain 27(2), 28(2)and 28(2) mN/m for the basal, the primary prismatic and the secondary prismatic planes respectively. Finally, we inspect the structure of the interface and find that its thickness is of approximately 4-5 molecular diameters. Moreover, we find that when the basal plane is exposed to the fluid the interface alternates regions of cubic ice with regions of hexagonal ice.

  5. Knowledge Management at the Fast Flux Test Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wootan, David W.; Omberg, Ronald P.

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the goals of the Department of Energys Office of Nuclear Energy, initiated under the Fuel Cycle Research and Development Program (FCRD) and continued under the Advanced Reactor Concepts Program (ARC) is to preserve the knowledge that has been gained in the United States on Liquid Metal Reactors (LMRs) that could support the development of an environmentally and economically sound nuclear fuel cycle. The Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) is the most recent LMR to operate in the United States, from 1982 to 1992, and was designed as a fully instrumented test reactor with on-line, real time test control and performance monitoring of components and tests installed in the reactor. The 10 years of operation of the FFTF provided a very useful framework for testing the advances in LMR safety technology based on passive safety features that may be of increased importance to new designs after the events at Fukushima. Knowledge preservation at the FFTF is focused on the areas of design, construction, and startup of the reactor, as well as on preserving information obtained from 10 years of successful operating history and extensive irradiation testing of fuels and materials. In order to ensure protection of information at risk, the program to date has sequestered reports, files, tapes, and drawings to allow for secure retrieval. The FFTF knowledge management program includes a disciplined and orderly approach to respond to clients requests for documents and data in order to minimize the search effort and ensure that future requests for this information can be readily accommodated.

  6. Steering the Self-Assembly of Octadecylamine Monolayers on Mica by Controlled Mechanical Energy Transfer from the AFM Tip

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benitez, J.J.; Heredia-Guerrero, J.A.; Salmeron, M.

    2010-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We have studied the effect of mechanical energy transfer from the tip of an Atomic Force Microscope on the dynamics of self-assembly of monolayer films of octadecylamine on mica. The formation of the self-assembled film proceeds in two successive stages, the first being a fast adsorption from solution that follows a Langmuir isotherm. The second is a slower process of island growth by aggregation of the molecules dispersed on the surface. We found that the dynamics of aggregation can be altered substantially by the addition of mechanical energy into the system through controlled tip-surface interactions. This leads to either the creation of pinholes in existing islands as a consequence of vacancy concentration, and to the assembly of residual molecules into more compact islands.

  7. Effect of doping on growth and field emission properties of spherical carbon nanotube tip placed over cylindrical surface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Santolia, Isha; Tewari, Aarti; Sharma, Suresh C.; Sharma, Rinku [Department of Applied Physics, Delhi Technological University, Shahbad Daulatpur, Bawana Road, Delhi 110 042 (India)

    2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Theoretical investigations to study the effect of doping of hetero-atoms on the growth and field emission properties of Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) tip placed over a cylindrical surface in complex plasma have been carried out. A theoretical model incorporating kinetics of plasma species such as electron, ions, and neutral atoms including doping elements like nitrogen (N) and boron (B) and energy balance of CNTs in a complex plasma has been developed. The effect of doping elements of N and B on the growth of CNTs, namely, the tip radius has been carried out for typical glow discharge plasma parameters. It is found that N and B as doping elements affect the radius of CNTs extensively. We obtain small radii of CNT doped with N and large radius of CNT doped with B. The field emission characteristics from CNTs have therefore been suggested on the basis of results obtained. Some of theoretical results are in compliance with the existing experimental observations.

  8. Belgirate, Italy, 28-30 September 2005 RAREFIED GAS HEAT TRANSFER BETWEEN A NANOMETRIC TIP AND A SAMPLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    AND A SAMPLE Pierre-Olivier Chapuis1 , Jean-Jacques Greffet1 , Karl Joulain2 et Sebastian Volz1 1 Laboratoire d'Energetique flux on the sample surface: this problem has to be solved in the intermediate regime. 3D effects have and time dependent problems. Figure 1. A skip of the tip. Typical lengths used are l=40 nm and h=20 nm

  9. Increasing accuracy in image-guided robotic surgery through tip tracking and model-based flexion correction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beasley, Ryan A.

    Robot assistance can enhance minimally invasive image-guided surgery, but flexion of the thin surgical instrument shaft impairs accurate control by creating errors in the kinematic model. Two controller enhancements that ...

  10. Sharing tacit design knowledge in a distributed design environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woo, Jeong-Han

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Throughout the life-cycle of a design project, architects rely heavily on their tacit design knowledge to support design decisions. Tacit knowledge is highly personal and implicit. As such, it encompasses expertise, intuitive understanding...

  11. PMI: Knowledge Elicitation and De Bono's Thinking Tools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Easterbrook, Steve

    PMI: Knowledge Elicitation and De Bono's Thinking Tools M-M. Portmann & S. M. Easterbrook School's thinking tools, the PMI (plus - minus - interesting) and built a knowledge elicitation tool for use

  12. Surgeons' Knowledge and Practices Regarding the Role of Radiation Therapy in Breast Cancer Management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Jessica [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Griffith, Kent A. [Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Hawley, Sarah T.; Zikmund-Fisher, Brian J. [Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Janz, Nancy K. [Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Sabel, Michael S. [Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Katz, Steven J. [Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Jagsi, Reshma, E-mail: rjagsi@med.umich.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Population-based studies suggest underuse of radiation therapy, especially after mastectomy. Because radiation oncology is a referral-based specialty, knowledge and attitudes of upstream providers, specifically surgeons, may influence patients' decisions regarding radiation, including whether it is even considered. Therefore, we sought to evaluate surgeons' knowledge of pertinent risk information, their patterns of referral, and the correlates of surgeon knowledge and referral in specific breast cancer scenarios. Methods and Materials: We surveyed a national sample of 750 surgeons, with a 67% response rate. We analyzed responses from those who had seen at least 1 breast cancer patient in the past year (n=403), using logistic regression models to identify correlates of knowledge and appropriate referral. Results: Overall, 87% of respondents were general surgeons, and 64% saw >10 breast cancer patients in the previous year. In a scenario involving a 45-year-old undergoing lumpectomy, only 45% correctly estimated the risk of locoregional recurrence without radiation therapy, but 97% would refer to radiation oncology. In a patient with 2 of 20 nodes involved after mastectomy, 30% would neither refer to radiation oncology nor provide accurate information to make radiation decisions. In a patient with 4 of 20 nodes involved after mastectomy, 9% would not refer to radiation oncology. Fewer than half knew that the Oxford meta-analysis revealed a survival benefit from radiation therapy after lumpectomy (45%) or mastectomy (32%). Only 16% passed a 7-item knowledge test; female and more-experienced surgeons were more likely to pass. Factors significantly associated with appropriate referral to radiation oncology included breast cancer volume, tumor board participation, and knowledge. Conclusions: Many surgeons have inadequate knowledge regarding the role of radiation in breast cancer management, especially after mastectomy. Targeted educational interventions may improve the quality of care.

  13. Time and Encoding Effects in the Concealed Knowledge Test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seymour, Travis L.; Fraynt, Becky R.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    items). This weapon-focus effect has been demonstrated ina weapon) seem Table 2 Mean concealed knowledge effect on RT

  14. Integration of Business and Industrial Knowledge on Services to Set Trusted Business Communities of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ones) to define extended business service models, paying a particular attention on "fIntegration of Business and Industrial Knowledge on Services to Set Trusted Business Communities, the European Union promotes clearly internet of services based solutions to support innovative business

  15. Knowledge Networks and Science Data December 7, 2012, AGU12 IN54A-02.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    $*$"*$Ocean Policy = Ecosystem Based Management =>"'$'()*(5%"$-%$ RegionalKnowledge Networks and Science Data Ecosystems December 7, 2012, AGU12 IN54A-02. Peter Fox (RPI/ Tetherless World Constellation and WHOI/AOP&E) pfox@cs.rpi.edu #12;What's ahead/pre-summary · Data ecosystems

  16. Building Knowledge-enabled Cloud Robotics Applications using the Ubiquitous Network Robot Platform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Building Knowledge-enabled Cloud Robotics Applications using the Ubiquitous Network Robot Platform of distributed robotic applications. Our aim is to modularize applications by factoring out environment- , task base that is shared between the robots and service applications. Robot control decisions can

  17. ABDUCTIVE LOGIC PROGRAMMING Abductive Logic Programming is a high level knowledge representation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moraitis, Pavlos

    ABDUCTIVE LOGIC PROGRAMMING Abductive Logic Programming is a high level knowledge representation framework that allows us to solve problems declaratively based on abductive reasoning. It extends normal predicates. Problem solving is effected by deriving hypotheses on these abducible predicates (abductive hy

  18. PUTTING KNOWLEDGE TO WORK The University of Georgia and Ft. Valley State College, the U.S. Department of Agriculture and counties of the state cooperating.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navara, Kristen

    Ventilation Fan Performance Rating, Poultry Housing Tips, April1999). Ifthe producer feels the air speed

  19. Brief article Prior knowledge on the illumination position

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mamassian, Pascal

    -retinal knowledge (Rock, 1983). Recent experimental work has emphasized the study of prior knowledge and P was upside-down and consequently shadows were in the wrong place relative to the light source. The position. This explanation rests on the knowledge that the light source stays at the same location whether or not one

  20. Knowledge Retention: Developing a Knowledge Transfer Plan for the Engineering Department at Wolf Creek Nuclear Operating Corporation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bussard, Grant William

    2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

    the engineering field is highly steeped in knowledge, it is imperative that tacit and explicit knowledge is retained and transferred in order to develop an effective and efficient organization. When individuals leave the company, they leave with more than what...

  1. Searching For Unlawful Carnal Knowledge Leif Azzopardi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jose, Joemon M.

    exploratory search systems, Marshall suggested that it was only a matter of time before a "porn" based

  2. Stanford University Exploiting Channel Knowledge at the Tx in MISO and MIMO Wireless Exploiting Partial Channel Knowledge at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paulraj, Arogyaswami

    Stanford University Exploiting Channel Knowledge at the Tx in MISO and MIMO Wireless Exploiting Partial Channel Knowledge at the Transmitter in MISO and MIMO Wireless SPAWC 2003 Rome, Italy June 18 Exploiting Channel Knowledge at the Tx in MISO and MIMO Wireless Outline Introduction Perfect CSI

  3. Intagorn et al. Harvesting Geospatial Knowledge from Social Metadata Harvesting Geospatial Knowledge from Social

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lerman, Kristina

    Intagorn et al. Harvesting Geospatial Knowledge from Social Metadata Harvesting Geospatial Institute lerman@isi.edu ABSTRACT Up-to-date geospatial information can help crisis management community of the social photo-sharing site Flickr to learn geospatial concepts and relations. Our method leverages

  4. The extended wedge method: Atomic force microscope friction calibration for improved tolerance to instrument misalignments, tip offset, and blunt probes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khare, H. S.; Burris, D. L. [126 Spencer Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States)

    2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the major challenges in understanding and controlling friction is the difficulty in bridging the length and time scales of macroscale contacts and those of the single asperity interactions they comprise. While the atomic force microscope (AFM) offers a unique ability to probe tribological surfaces in a wear-free single-asperity contact, instrument calibration challenges have limited the usefulness of this technique for quantitative nanotribological studies. A number of lateral force calibration techniques have been proposed and used, but none has gained universal acceptance due to practical considerations, configuration limitations, or sensitivities to unknowable error sources. This paper describes a simple extension of the classic wedge method of AFM lateral force calibration which: (1) allows simultaneous calibration and measurement on any substrate, thus eliminating prior tip damage and confounding effects of instrument setup adjustments; (2) is insensitive to adhesion, PSD cross-talk, transducer/piezo-tube axis misalignment, and shear-center offset; (3) is applicable to integrated tips and colloidal probes; and (4) is generally applicable to any reciprocating friction coefficient measurement. The method was applied to AFM measurements of polished carbon (99.999% graphite) and single crystal MoS{sub 2} to demonstrate the technique. Carbon and single crystal MoS{sub 2} had friction coefficients of {mu}= 0.20 {+-} 0.04 and {mu}= 0.006 {+-} 0.001, respectively, against an integrated Si probe. Against a glass colloidal sphere, MoS{sub 2} had a friction coefficient of {mu}= 0.005 {+-} 0.001. Generally, the measurement uncertainties ranged from 10%-20% and were driven by the effect of actual frictional variation on the calibration rather than calibration error itself (i.e., due to misalignment, tip-offset, or probe radius).

  5. A review of "Inventing the Indigenous: Local Knowledge and Natural History in Early Modern Europe" by Alix Cooper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chamberland, Celeste

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    changing commercial and political landscape of the early modern period. Based on a compelling analysis of a vast array of natural history texts, manuscripts, and correspondence between naturalists, Cooper asserts that the influx of so-called ?exotic... of universities and institutionalized sites of knowledge, which generated a great deal of interest in botanical study and the recovery of regional natural histories. According to Cooper, the self-conscious formation of local envi- ronmental knowledge...

  6. Optical fiber-based fluorescent viscosity sensor Mark A. Haidekker and Walter J. Akers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theodorakis, Emmanuel

    Optical fiber-based fluorescent viscosity sensor Mark A. Haidekker and Walter J. Akers Department bound to a fiber-optic tip without loss of viscosity sensi- tivity. The optical fiber itself may be used to molecular rotors in solution. An optical fiber-based fluorescent vis- cosity sensor may be used in real

  7. Fermi-level shifts in graphene transistors with dual-cut channels scraped by atomic force microscope tips

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Meng-Yu [Institute of Electronics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Research Center for Applied Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Chen, Yen-Hao [Department of Photonics, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan (China); Su, Chen-Fung [College of Photonics, National Chiao Tung University, Tainan 71150, Taiwan (China); Chang, Shu-Wei [Research Center for Applied Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Department of Photonics, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan (China); Lee, Si-Chen [Institute of Electronics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Lin, Shih-Yen, E-mail: shihyen@gate.sinica.edu.tw [Institute of Electronics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Research Center for Applied Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Department of Photonics, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan (China)

    2014-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the electronic properties of p-type graphene transistors on silicon dioxide with dual-cut channels that were scraped using atomic force microscope tips. In these devices, the current is forced to squeeze into the path between the two cuts rather than flow directly through the graphene sheet. We observe that the gate voltages with minimum current shift toward zero bias as the sizes of the dual-cut regions increase. These phenomena suggest that the Fermi levels in the dual-cut regions are shifted toward the Dirac points after the mechanical scraping process.

  8. Knowledge Integration to Make Decisions About Complex Systems: Sustainability of Energy Production from Agriculture

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Francesco Danuso

    2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A major bottleneck for improving the governance of complex systems, rely on our ability to integrate different forms of knowledge into a decision support system (DSS). Preliminary aspects are the classification of different types of knowledge (a priori or general, a posteriori or specific, with uncertainty, numerical, textual, algorithmic, complete/incomplete, etc.), the definition of ontologies for knowledge management and the availability of proper tools like continuous simulation models, event driven models, statistical approaches, computational methods (neural networks, evolutionary optimization, rule based systems etc.) and procedure for textual documentation. Following these views at University of Udine, a computer language (SEMoLa, Simple, Easy Modelling Language) for knowledge integration has been developed. SEMoLa can handle models, data, metadata and textual knowledge; it implements and extends the system dynamics ontology (Forrester, 1968; Jrgensen, 1994) in which systems are modelled by the concepts of material, group, state, rate, parameter, internal and external events and driving variables. As an example, a SEMoLa model to improve management and sustainability (economical, energetic, environmental) of the agricultural farms is presented. The model (X-Farm) simulates a farm in which cereal and forage yield, oil seeds, milk, calves and wastes can be sold or reused. X-Farm is composed by integrated modules describing fields (crop and soil), feeds and materials storage, machinery management, manpower management, animal husbandry, economic and energetic balances, seed oil extraction, manure and wastes management, biogas production from animal wastes and biomasses.

  9. Processes, data structures, and apparatuses for representing knowledge

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hohimer, Ryan E. (West Richland, WA); Thomson, Judi R. (Guelph, CA); Harvey, William J. (Richland, WA); Paulson, Patrick R. (Pasco, WA); Whiting, Mark A. (Richland, WA); Tratz, Stephen C. (Richland, WA); Chappell, Alan R. (Seattle, WA); Butner, R. Scott (Richland, WA)

    2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Processes, data structures, and apparatuses to represent knowledge are disclosed. The processes can comprise labeling elements in a knowledge signature according to concepts in an ontology and populating the elements with confidence values. The data structures can comprise knowledge signatures stored on computer-readable media. The knowledge signatures comprise a matrix structure having elements labeled according to concepts in an ontology, wherein the value of the element represents a confidence that the concept is present in an information space. The apparatus can comprise a knowledge representation unit having at least one ontology stored on a computer-readable medium, at least one data-receiving device, and a processor configured to generate knowledge signatures by comparing datasets obtained by the data-receiving devices to the ontologies.

  10. DOE Knowledge Management Community of Practice | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    to: - Share best practices for corporately promoting knowledge sharing for professional development and continual learning. - Create a sustainable network to strategize ways to...

  11. Design of currency, markets, and economy for knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Dawei

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Information markets benefit the communities they serve by facilitating electronic distributed exchange of information. Further benefits include enhancing knowledge sharing, innovation, and productivity. This research ...

  12. Managing Knowledge for Innovations in Wind Power Industry.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karatas, Bora

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?? On one side Innovation, innovation systems and knowledge management are two topics have been discussed so much by scholars before. The advantages gained through (more)

  13. MHK Technologies/New Knowledge Wind and Wave Renewable Mobile...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wave Renewable Mobile Wind and Wave Power Plant Platform < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage New Knowledge Wind and Wave Renewable...

  14. Equip Tourists with Knowledge Mined from Travelogues , Changhu Wang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narasayya, Vivek

    -representative knowledge such as attractions (e.g., Golden Gate Bridge), styles (e.g., beach, history), and activ- ities (e

  15. Epistemic Friction: Reflections on Knowledge, Truth, and Logic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sher, Gila

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ARTICLE Epistemic Friction: Re?ections on Knowledge, Truth,requires both freedom and friction. Freedom to set up ourprograms, etc. , and friction (constraint) coming from two

  16. Exploration Best Practices and the OpenEI Knowledge Exchange...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Exchange Webinar Exploration Best Practices and the OpenEI Knowledge Exchange Webinar slide presentation by Katherine Young, Timothy Reber and Kermit Witherbee on April 11, 2012....

  17. The geography of the knowledge dynamics in genomics?.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ventura da Silva, A.G.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??This research aims to come to an understanding of the knowledge dynamics of the relatively new scientific discipline: genomics. Hereby this research makes use of (more)

  18. Knowledge Partnership for Measuring Air Pollution and Greenhouse...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Measuring Air Pollution and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Knowledge Partnership for Measuring Air Pollution and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Asia...

  19. WORK PROGRAMME 2011 REGIONS OF KNOWLEDGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rimon, Elon

    on science and technology based development in full compliance with the priorities of the EUROPE 2020 research and technological development activities in a way which can contribute significantly to economic region as the other components of the cluster; · business entities (large enterprises and SMEs as defined

  20. Knowledge Engineering Technique for Cluster Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , Yacine Ouzroute2 , Gilles Neubert2 , and Abdelaziz Bouras2 1 College of Arts, Media and Technology was tangibly applied in many countries, SMEs trended to link to each other to maintain their competitiveness-based economy is affected by the increasing use of information technologies. Most of industries try to use

  1. WORK PROGRAMME 2010 REGIONS OF KNOWLEDGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milano-Bicocca, Università

    of regional players in enhancing science and technology based development. Its purpose is to enable regions to strengthen their capacity for investing in and conducting research and technological development activities components of the cluster; · business entities (large enterprises and SMEs as defined in the EC

  2. NERSC Users Learn Code Optimization Tips and Tricks at 1st Hackathon

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    intensive piece of code-either their own or a sample kernel supplied by NERSC-with an eye toward preparing the code to run well on Cori, the Intel Xeon Phi processor-based...

  3. 10 Tips for Low-cost Outdoor Family Fun Make kites from materials found

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    Go on a family bike ride. Let everyone take turns choosing the route.6 Go to the local dog park. It discrimination based on age, color, disability, gender identity or expression, marital status, national origin

  4. Intelligent Mobile Agents for Information Retrieval and Knowledge Discovery from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Honavar, Vasant

    or software agents for intelligent, selective, and context­sensitive data gathering and data assimilation assimilation, and knowl­ edge discovery using heterogeneous, distributed data and knowledge sources. (See [1Intelligent Mobile Agents for Information Retrieval and Knowledge Discovery from Distributed Data

  5. Roadmapping as a Knowledge Creation Process: The PROLEARN Roadmap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vana Kamtsiou; Ambjrn Naeve; Lampros K. Stergioulas; Tapio Koskinen

    Abstract: The paper presents a new approach to developing a roadmap for technologyenhanced professional training. The new methodology views roadmapping as a knowledge creation process and involves the key phases of foresight analysis (identification of prevalent visions) and gap analysis. A conceptual model of the roadmapping process as a knowledge creation exercise is introduced and discussed.

  6. Heart Knowledge A short time after being diagnosed with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Laughlin, Jay

    Heart Knowledge A short time after being diagnosed with cancer in December of 2005 I was having healing." "Listen with your heart," he said. He insisted I put my full faith in my oncologist, my surgeon that I needed to attend to my "inner healing and heart knowledge." What did Cliff mean by "heart

  7. Parameter estimation for knowledge and diagnosis of electrical machines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Chapitre 1 Parameter estimation for knowledge and diagnosis of electrical machines Jean in "Control Methods for Electrical Machines, ISTE Ltd and John Wiley & Sons Inc (Ed.) (2009) 207-243" DOI : 10.1002/9780470611760 #12;Chapter 1 Parameter estimation for knowledge and diagnosis of electrical machines 1

  8. How Do Social Networks Affect Organizational Knowledge Utilization? David Dekker

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadeh, Norman M.

    How Do Social Networks Affect Organizational Knowledge Utilization? David Dekker University (cf. March, 1991). Organizational structures that coordinate this balance can be characterized-(0)24-361-1933 Email: d.dekker@nsm.kun.nl Key Words: Knowledge utilization, explorative and exploitative learning

  9. A theoretical systemic analysis of organizational tacit knowledge memorization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . Thus, individual learning will lead to organizational learning, which later will differentiate1 A theoretical systemic analysis of organizational tacit knowledge memorization Iskander ZOUAGHI halshs-00665703,version1-2Feb2012 #12;2 A theoretical systemic analysis of organizational tacit knowledge

  10. I' om Data Mining to Knowledge Discovery: Usama M. Fayyad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raghavan, Vijay

    I' om Data Mining to Knowledge Discovery: Overview Usama M. Fayyad Jet Propulsion Laboratory knowledge discovery and data ~g. We begin with a definition of the KDD process and basic data mining :=c on the order of 50 giga- bytes of remotely sensed image data per hour when operational in the late 1990s

  11. Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (KDDM) survey report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phillips, Laurence R.; Jordan, Danyelle N.; Bauer, Travis L.; Elmore, Mark T. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN); Treadwell, Jim N. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN); Homan, Rossitza A.; Chapman, Leon Darrel; Spires, Shannon V.

    2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The large number of government and industry activities supporting the Unit of Action (UA), with attendant documents, reports and briefings, can overwhelm decision-makers with an overabundance of information that hampers the ability to make quick decisions often resulting in a form of gridlock. In particular, the large and rapidly increasing amounts of data and data formats stored on UA Advanced Collaborative Environment (ACE) servers has led to the realization that it has become impractical and even impossible to perform manual analysis leading to timely decisions. UA Program Management (PM UA) has recognized the need to implement a Decision Support System (DSS) on UA ACE. The objective of this document is to research the commercial Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (KDDM) market and publish the results in a survey. Furthermore, a ranking mechanism based on UA ACE-specific criteria has been developed and applied to a representative set of commercially available KDDM solutions. In addition, an overview of four R&D areas identified as critical to the implementation of DSS on ACE is provided. Finally, a comprehensive database containing detailed information on surveyed KDDM tools has been developed and is available upon customer request.

  12. Method and system for knowledge discovery using non-linear statistical analysis and a 1st and 2nd tier computer program

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hively, Lee M. (Philadelphia, TN)

    2011-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention relates to a method and apparatus for simultaneously processing different sources of test data into informational data and then processing different categories of informational data into knowledge-based data. The knowledge-based data can then be communicated between nodes in a system of multiple computers according to rules for a type of complex, hierarchical computer system modeled on a human brain.

  13. Self-aligned process for forming microlenses at the tips of vertical silicon nanowires by atomic layer deposition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dan, Yaping, E-mail: yaping.dan@sjtu.edu.cn; Chen, Kaixiang [University of MichiganShanghai Jiao Tong University Joint Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Crozier, Kenneth B. [School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The microlens is a key enabling technology in optoelectronics, permitting light to be efficiently coupled to and from devices such as image sensors and light-emitting diodes. Their ubiquitous nature motivates the development of new fabrication techniques, since existing methods face challenges as microlenses are scaled to smaller dimensions. Here, the authors demonstrate the formation of microlenses at the tips of vertically oriented silicon nanowires via a rapid atomic layer deposition process. The nature of the process is such that the microlenses are centered on the nanowires, and there is a self-limiting effect on the final sizes of the microlenses arising from the nanowire spacing. Finite difference time domain electromagnetic simulations are performed of microlens focusing properties, including showing their ability to enhance visible-wavelength absorption in silicon nanowires.

  14. E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive control based Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    -4. These methods include intelligent control, neural control, adaptive fuzzy control, memory-based control... , knowledge- based control, adaptive nonlinear control, and...

  15. 41. DISCOVERY, SEARCH, AND COMMUNICATION OF TEXTUAL KNOWLEDGE RESOURCES IN DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS a. Discovering and Utilizing Knowledge Sources for Metasearch Knowledge Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zamora, Antonio

    2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Advanced Natural Language Processing Tools for Web Information Retrieval, Content Analysis, and Synthesis. The goal of this SBIR was to implement and evaluate several advanced Natural Language Processing (NLP) tools and techniques to enhance the precision and relevance of search results by analyzing and augmenting search queries and by helping to organize the search output obtained from heterogeneous databases and web pages containing textual information of interest to DOE and the scientific-technical user communities in general. The SBIR investigated 1) the incorporation of spelling checkers in search applications, 2) identification of significant phrases and concepts using a combination of linguistic and statistical techniques, and 3) enhancement of the query interface and search retrieval results through the use of semantic resources, such as thesauri. A search program with a flexible query interface was developed to search reference databases with the objective of enhancing search results from web queries or queries of specialized search systems such as DOE's Information Bridge. The DOE ETDE/INIS Joint Thesaurus was processed to create a searchable database. Term frequencies and term co-occurrences were used to enhance the web information retrieval by providing algorithmically-derived objective criteria to organize relevant documents into clusters containing significant terms. A thesaurus provides an authoritative overview and classification of a field of knowledge. By organizing the results of a search using the thesaurus terminology, the output is more meaningful than when the results are just organized based on the terms that co-occur in the retrieved documents, some of which may not be significant. An attempt was made to take advantage of the hierarchy provided by broader and narrower terms, as well as other field-specific information in the thesauri. The search program uses linguistic morphological routines to find relevant entries regardless of whether terms are stored in singular or plural form. Implementation of additional inflectional morphology processes for verbs can enhance retrieval further, but this has to be balanced by the possibility of broadening the results too much. In addition to the DOE energy thesaurus, other sources of specialized organized knowledge such as the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH), the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS), and Wikipedia were investigated. The supporting role of the NLP thesaurus search program was enhanced by incorporating spelling aid and a part-of-speech tagger to cope with misspellings in the queries and to determine the grammatical roles of the query words and identify nouns for special processing. To improve precision, multiple modes of searching were implemented including Boolean operators, and field-specific searches. Programs to convert a thesaurus or reference file into searchable support files can be deployed easily, and the resulting files are immediately searchable to produce relevance-ranked results with builtin spelling aid, morphological processing, and advanced search logic. Demonstration systems were built for several databases, including the DOE energy thesaurus.

  16. minute mentor Quick Tips for Student Success from the Graduate School

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Robert A.

    programs in order for students to make the right choice regarding which program to use. OVERVIEW endnote onto your computer, whereas RefWorks is a web-based program, meaning that you can access your library edits, you can double click the entry and go into the fields to edit if it does not conform to style

  17. Instructions for Corning Model 220 pH Meter The electrode tip is a fragile glass bulb. Be careful or you will break it with a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cross, George

    Instructions for Corning Model 220 pH Meter The electrode tip is a fragile glass bulb. Be careful. Two Point Calibration Routine · The pH meter should be turned "ON". · Your buffers should from your sample, rinse with distilled water, and BLOT with a kimwipe. 4. Turn pH meter OFF and store

  18. ccsd-00014522,version1-5Oct2006 Co-transport-induced instability of membrane voltage in tip-growing cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ccsd-00014522,version1-5Oct2006 Co-transport-induced instability of membrane voltage in tip at the same time. It is shown that these co-transporters destabilize generically the membrane voltage- tive dynamics and activity of membrane ion channels. Action potential and cardiac excitation spiral

  19. Mechanics of finger-tip electronics Yewang Su, Rui Li, Huanyu Cheng, Ming Ying, Andrew P. Bonifas, Keh-Chih Hwang, John A. Rogers, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    Mechanics of finger-tip electronics Yewang Su, Rui Li, Huanyu Cheng, Ming Ying, Andrew P. Bonifas Ying,4 Andrew P. Bonifas,4 Keh-Chih Hwang,1 John A. Rogers,4,b) and Yonggang Huang2,b) 1 Center into conformal, skin-like platforms that intimately, and non-invasively mount on the fingertips. Ying et al.15

  20. Tips for Advising Success in Environmental Sciences Your success at OSU is your responsibility, but your advisor is one of the resources at OSU that can

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , but your advisor is one of the resources at OSU that can help you. Advisors can assist with problems careers. Here are tips to help YOU maximize your advising experience. 1. Meet with an advisor regularly. You will have to meet with your advisor every spring to get a new PIN number. It's recommended

  1. Technology Transfer and Intellectual Property Services TechTIPS a n n u a l r e p o r t 2 0 0 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fainman, Yeshaiahu

    Technology Transfer and Intellectual Property Services · TechTIPS a n n u a l r e p o r t 2 0 0 2 #12;University of California, San Diego Technology Transfer Advisory Committee Richard Attiyeh Vice Management and Planning The UCSD Technology Transfer Advisory Committee (TTAC) is responsible for general

  2. Blackboard Test Taking tips Very important: If your instructor gives you a time block of one, two, or several days to complete

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    Blackboard Test Taking tips Very important: If your instructor gives you a time block of one, two instructor might also be less sympathetic. Before you start the test: · Be certain that you are ready to take the test & set aside time in which you will be free from interruptions BEFORE clicking on the link

  3. Irrigation and fertilization effects on Nantucket Pine Tip Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) Damage levels and pupal weight in an intensively-managed pine plantation.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coyle, David, R.; Nowak, John, T.; Fettig, Christopher, J.

    2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The widespread application of intensive forest management practices throughout the southeastern U.S. has increased loblolly pine, Pinus taeda L., yields and shortened conventional rotation lengths. Fluctuations in Nantucket pine tip moth, Rhyacionia frustrana (Comstock), population density and subsequent damage levels have been linked to variations in management intensity. We examined the effects of two practices, irrigation and fertilization, on R. frustrana damage levels and pupal weights in an intensively-managed P. taeda plantation in South Carolina. Trees received intensive weed control and one of the following treatments; irrigation only. fertilization only, irrigation + fertilization, or control. Mean whole-tree tip moth damage levels ranged from <1 to 48% during this study. Damage levels differed significantly among treatments in two tip moth generations in 2001, but not 2000. Pupal weight was significantly heavier in fertilization compared to the irrigation treatment in 2000, but no significant differences were observed in 2001. Tree diameter. height. and aboveground volume were significantly greater in the irrigation + fertilization than in the irrigation treatment after two growing seasons. Our data suggest that intensive management practices that include irrigation and fertilization do not consistently increase R. frustrana damage levels and pupal weights as is commonly believed. However, tip moth suppression efforts in areas adjacent to our study may have partially reduced the potential impacts of R. frustrana on this experiment.

  4. Water Conservation Tips When washing dishes by hand, don't let the water run while rinsing. Fill one sink with wash water and the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Water Conservation Tips When washing dishes by hand, don't let the water run while rinsing. Fill one sink with wash water and the other with rinse water. Run your washing machine and dishwasher only instead and save gallons every time. For cold drinks keep a pitcher of water in the refrigerator instead

  5. Writing an Effective Resume During this hour-long session, participants will learn tips and tricks for writing an effective resume that will grab a potential employer's attention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selmic, Sandra

    Writing an Effective Resume During this hour-long session, participants will learn tips and tricks for writing an effective resume that will grab a potential employer's attention and that they can use during Center, 337 Keeny Hall September 17 | 4:00 p.m. | Career Center, 337 Keeny Hall Resume Walk-Ins After

  6. H:\\Internship Program\\Employer Packets and Marketing\\Internship Handbook for Employers 8-07.doc Tips for creating and maintaining successful internships

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchowski, Andrew T.

    H:\\Internship Program\\Employer Packets and Marketing\\Internship Handbook for Employers 8-07.doc Tips for creating and maintaining successful internships Internship Handbook for Employers: Michelin://career.clemson.edu recruit_L@clemson.edu #12;2 CONTENTS Internship overview

  7. Universal field-emission model for carbon nanotubes on a metal tip D. Y. Zhong, G. Y. Zhang, and S. Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Guangyu

    Universal field-emission model for carbon nanotubes on a metal tip D. Y. Zhong, G. Y. Zhang, and S Electron-field-emission properties have been investigated systematically for carbon nanotubes CNTs.1063/1.1430507 Carbon nanotubes CNTs have excellent electron-field- emission properties because of their electronic

  8. Office of Nuclear Energy Knowledge Management Program Situational Analysis Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kimberlyn C. Mousseau

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Knowledge management (KM) has been a high priority for the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) for the past several years. NE Programs are moving toward well-established knowledge management practices and a formal knowledge management program has been established. Knowledge management is being practiced to some level within each of the NE programs. Although it continues to evolve as NE programs evolve, a formal strategic plan that guides the implementation of KM has been developed. Despite the acceptance of KM within DOE NE, more work is necessary before the NE KM program can be considered fully successful. Per Dr. David J. Skyrme[1], an organization typically moves through the following evolutionary phases: (1) Ad-hoc - KM is being practiced to some level in some parts of the organization; (2) Formal - KM is established as a formal project or program; (3) Expanding - the use of KM as a discipline grows in practice across different parts of the organization; (4) Cohesive - there is a degree of coordination of KM; (5) Integrated - there are formal standards and approaches that give every individual access to most organizational knowledge through common interfaces; and (6) Embedded - KM is part-and-parcel of everyday tasks; it blends seamlessly into the background. According to the evolutionary phases, the NE KM program is operating at the two lower levels, Ad-hoc and Formal. Although KM is being practiced to some level, it is not being practiced in a consistent manner across the NE programs. To be fully successful, more emphasis must be placed on establishing KM standards and processes for collecting, organizing, sharing and accessing NE knowledge. Existing knowledge needs to be prioritized and gathered on a routine basis, its existence formally recorded in a knowledge inventory. Governance to ensure the quality of the knowledge being used must also be considered. For easy retrieval, knowledge must be organized according to a taxonomy that mimics nuclear energy programs. Technologies need to be established to make accessing the knowledge easier for the user. Finally, knowledge needs to be used as part of a well defined work process.

  9. Sustaining knowledge in the neutron generator community and benchmarking study.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barrentine, Tameka C.; Kennedy, Bryan C.; Saba, Anthony W.; Turgeon, Jennifer L.; Schneider, Julia Teresa; Stubblefield, William Anthony; Baldonado, Esther

    2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2004, the Responsive Neutron Generator Product Deployment department embarked upon a partnership with the Systems Engineering and Analysis knowledge management (KM) team to develop knowledge management systems for the neutron generator (NG) community. This partnership continues today. The most recent challenge was to improve the current KM system (KMS) development approach by identifying a process that will allow staff members to capture knowledge as they learn it. This 'as-you-go' approach will lead to a sustainable KM process for the NG community. This paper presents a historical overview of NG KMSs, as well as research conducted to move toward sustainable KM.

  10. accessing human knowledge: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    articles on this tree. 'Technomimetics' is proposed as a new method of knowledge management in science and technology: it shall help find and organise information in an era of...

  11. A Knowledge Management Platform for Documentation of Case Reports in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    A Knowledge Management Platform for Documentation of Case Reports in Pharmacovigilance Florence systematic reviews are needed, there is little guidance on how systematic documentation of drug adverse documentation of pharmacovigilance case reports for the pharmaceutical industry and regulatory authorities

  12. Inductive Rules, Background Knowledge, and Skepticism Daniel Steel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steel, Daniel

    Inductive Rules, Background Knowledge, and Skepticism Daniel Steel Department of Philosophy 503 S. Kedzie Hall Michigan State University East Lansing, MI 48823-1032 Email: steel@msu.edu #12;Abstract

  13. Preservice teachers' knowledge of linear functions within multiple representation modes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    You, Zhixia

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    and algebraic representations; (3) flexibility within visual representations; (4) flexibility with real-life situations, and (5) procedural skills. In terms of pedagogical content knowledge, two aspects were examined across five corresponding components...

  14. The Role of Knowledge in Visual Shape Representation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saund, Eric

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report shows how knowledge about the visual world can be built into a shape representation in the form of a descriptive vocabulary making explicit the important geometrical relationships comprising objects' shapes. ...

  15. Knowledge production at the global frontier : the case of China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fensterheim, Devin Robert

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China is increasingly seen as a participant in the global knowledge economy, with recent studies have highlighted the rising number of scientists and engineers educated in Chinese institutions of higher education, and the ...

  16. Agricultural science students' perceptions and knowledge of hearing loss

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slaydon, Sunny Leigh

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    knowledge level of hearing loss and hearing impairment, and its causes, and participants attitudes towards wearing hearing protection. The study design is descriptive and correlational with data collected using a written questionnaire with a controlled...

  17. Assessing two-year-olds' knowledge of number agreement morphology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blossom, Megan Stratton

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Previous research in the area of children's knowledge of number agreement morphology has yielded mixed results. Some researchers have found evidence for sensitivity to agreement morphology at as early as 16 months, while ...

  18. INTRODUCTION What is research, but a blind date with knowledge.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION What is research, but a blind date with knowledge. -Will Henry The purpose for this thesis. Rationale for Study Through many generations of experimentation and theory-building, physics has

  19. The Olympics of science knowledge at DOE's New Jersey Regional...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Olympics of science knowledge at DOE's New Jersey Regional Science Bowl at PPPL By Jeanne Jackson DeVoe March 3, 2014 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook The J Droids, a...

  20. activating event knowledge: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    decision making to people or applications. Nor does it provide the means for users to enter and share their "knowledge" that is useful for making the right decisions. This...

  1. Knowledge Annotations in Scientific Workflows: An Implementation in Kepler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pinheiro da Silva, Paulo

    collection, model building, and simulation expertise, are working together to perform groundwater modeling. We evaluated the scientific process being used by the groundwater modeling team to understand how annotations. Key words: Scientific Workflows, Knowledge Annotations, Kepler 1 Introduction When scientists

  2. Thermo2Pro: Knowledge dissemination for deep geothermal exploration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1/12 Thermo2Pro: Knowledge dissemination for deep geothermal exploration Philippe Calcagno1 territoires, Voreppe, France # now at Kitware, Villeurbanne, France p.calcagno@brgm.fr Keywords: Deep geothermal exploration, information system, Web tool, sedimentary basin, dissemination. Abstract

  3. THE TIP OF THE RED GIANT BRANCH DISTANCES TO TYPE Ia SUPERNOVA HOST GALAXIES. II. M66 AND M96 IN THE LEO I GROUP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Myung Gyoon; Jang, In Sung, E-mail: mglee@astro.snu.ac.kr, E-mail: isjang@astro.snu.ac.kr [Astronomy Program, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    M66 and M96 in the Leo I Group are nearby spiral galaxies hosting Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia). We estimate the distances to these galaxies from the luminosity of the tip of the red giant branch (TRGB). We obtain VI photometry of resolved stars in these galaxies from F555W and F814W images in the Hubble Space Telescope archive. From the luminosity function of these red giants, we find the TRGB I-band magnitude to be I{sub TRGB} = 26.20 {+-} 0.03 for M66 and 26.21 {+-} 0.03 for M96. These values yield distance modulus (m - M){sub 0} = 30.12 {+-} 0.03(random) {+-} 0.12(systematic) for M66 and (m - M){sub 0} = 30.15 {+-} 0.03(random) {+-} 0.12(systematic) for M96. These results show that they are indeed the members of the same group. With these results we derive absolute maximum magnitudes of two SNe (SN 1989B in M66 and SN 1998bu in M96). V-band magnitudes of these SNe Ia are {approx}0.2 mag fainter than SN 2011fe in M101, one of the nearest recent SNe Ia. We also derive near-infrared magnitudes for SN 1998bu. Optical magnitudes of three SNe Ia (SN 1989B, SN 1998bu, and SN 2011fe) based on TRGB analysis yield a Hubble constant, H{sub 0} = 68.4 {+-} 2.6(random) {+-} 3.7(systematic) km s{sup -1} Mpc{sup -1}. This value is similar to the values derived from recent WMAP9 results, H{sub 0} = 69.32 {+-} 0.80 km s{sup -1} Mpc{sup -1}, and from Planck results, H{sub 0} = 67.3 {+-} 1.2 km s{sup -1} Mpc{sup -1}, but smaller than other recent determinations based on Cepheid calibration for SNe Ia luminosity, H{sub 0} = 74 {+-} 3 km s{sup -1} Mpc{sup -1}.

  4. Encapsulating the meta-level knowledge in distributed artificial intelligence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Underbrink, Alvin Joseph

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    solving process and resiliency and decentralized control to the distributed system as a whole. This capability extends distributed artificial intelligence techniques to a much broader range of application domains. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS As everyone who has... and methodologies are evolving that reduce the time and efFort in the development of production quality expert systems. Methods of knowledge acquisition, knowledge representation, inferencing, learn- ing, and a host of other non-traditional means of' computation...

  5. Project title: The silent aircraft initiative (Knowledge Integration Community)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

    and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). CMI was set up in 2000 to enhance the competitiveness, productivity and entrepreneurship of the UK economy by improving the effectiveness of knowledge exchange between university, industry and government. A ll pi ct... findings, present their own and keep up to date with other advances in their various fields. We also work with other knowledge transfer professionals to share our experiences and find new ways to engage, particularly with SMEs and existing initiatives...

  6. TEI Piraeus students' knowledge on the beneficial applications of nuclear physics: Nuclear energy, radioactivity - consequences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilakouta, Mirofora

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The recent nuclear accident in Japan revealed the confusion and the inadequate knowledge of the citizens about the issues of nuclear energy, nuclear applications, radioactivity and their consequences In this work we present the first results of an ongoing study which aims to evaluate the knowledge and the views of Greek undergraduate students on the above issues. A web based survey was conducted and 131 students from TEI Piraeus answered a multiple choice questionnaire with questions of general interest on nuclear energy, nuclear applications, radioactivity and their consequences. The survey showed that students, like the general population, have a series of faulty views on general interest nuclear issues. Furthermore, the first results indicate that our educational system is not so effective as source of information on these issues in comparison to the media and internet

  7. Knowledges and abilities catalog for nuclear power plant operators: pressurized water reactors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document catalogs roughly 5300 knowledges and abilities of reactor operators and senior reactor operators. It results from a reanalysis of much larger job-task analysis data base compiled by the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO). Knowledges and abilities are cataloged for 45 major power plant systems and 38 emergency evolutions, grouped according to 11 fundamental safety functions (e.g., reactivity control and reactor coolant system inventory control). With appropriate sampling from this catalog, operator licensing examinations having content validity can be developed. A structured sampling procedure for this catalog is under development by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and will be published as a companion document, ''Examiners' Handbook for Developing Operator Licensing Examinations'' (NUREG-1121). The examinations developed by using the catalog and handbook will cover those topics listed under Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 55.

  8. Prospective and Practicing Middle School Teachers' Knowledge of Curriculum for Teaching Simple Algebraic Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Tingting

    2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Knowledge of curriculum is a significant component of mathematical knowledge for teaching. However, clearly understanding knowledge of curriculum requires further refinement and substantial research. This study consists of three papers that aim...

  9. Toward an Ontology-aware Support for Learning-Oriented Knowledge Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mizoguchi, Riichiro

    the meaning of knowledge and the progress of organizational learning, it can provides appropriate support individual learning and organizational learning, it supports knowledge acquisition and creation- tion and use of knowledge and externalization of its product, and organizational learning, which

  10. Remote optical sensing on the nanometer scale with a bowtie aperture nano-antenna on a SNOM fiber tip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atie, Elie M; Eter, Ali El; Salut, Roland; Nedeljkovic, Dusan; Tannous, Tony; Baida, Fadi I; Grosjean, Thierry

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Plasmonic nano-antennas have proven the outstanding ability of sensing chemical and physical processes down to the nano-meter scale. Sensing is usually achieved within the highly confined optical fields generated resonantly by the nano-antennas, i.e. in contact to the nano-structures. In these paper, We demonstrate the sensing capability of nano-antennas to their larger scale environment, well beyond their plasmonic confinement volume, leading to the concept of 'remote' (non contact) sensing on the nano-meter scale. On the basis of a bowtie-aperture nano-antenna (BNA) integrated at the apex of a SNOM fiber tip, we introduce an ultra-compact, move-able and background-free optical nano-sensor for the remote sensing of a silicon surface (up to distance of 300 nm). Sensitivity of the BNA to its large scale environment is high enough to expect the monitoring and control of the spacing between the nano-antenna and a silicon surface with sub-nano-meter accuracy. This work paves the way towards a new class of nano-po...

  11. Thng tin pht t my ghi m v khon chi tr phc li Bo Him Tht Nghip gn nht c th tip cn 24 ting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thng tin pht t my ghi m v khon chi tr phc li Bo Him Tht Nghip gn nht c th tip cn 24 ting mt chiu, Th Hai n Th Su, hoc vo nhng ngy cui tun. Thng tin chi tr phc li UI c cp nht hng ngy, v phn nh sinh hot h s vo ngy lm vic trc . nhn c thng tin v khon chi tr ca mnh, xin lm nhng s la chn

  12. Changes in the Distribution of Hepatic Arterial Blood Flow Following TIPS with Uncovered Stent and Stent-Graft: An Experimental Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keussen, Inger [Center for Medical Imaging and Physiology, Lund University Hospital, SE-221 85 Lund (Sweden); Song, Ho-Young [Department of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan, College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Bajc, Marika; Cwikiel, Wojciech [Center for Medical Imaging and Physiology, Lund University Hospital, SE-221 85 Lund (Sweden)

    2002-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To evaluate changes in distribution of hepatic arterial blood flow in the liver following insertion of an uncovered stent and subsequently a stent-graft in the transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) channel.Methods: The experiments were performed in eight healthy pigs under general anesthesia. In a pilot study in one pig, scintigraphic evaluation of arterial perfusion to the liver was done before and after inflation of a balloon in the right hepatic vein. In the other pigs, outflow from the right liver vein was checked repeatedly by contrast injection through a percutaneously inserted catheter. The arterial perfusion through the liver was examined by scintigraphy, following selective injection of macro-aggregate of 99Tcm-labeled human serum albumin 99Tcm-HSA) into the hepatic artery. This examination was done before and after creation of a TIPS with an uncovered stent and subsequently after insertion of a covered stent-graft into the cranial portion of the shunt channel. Results: In the pilot study changes in the arterial perfusion to the liver were easily detectable by scintigraphy. One pig died during the procedure and another pig was excluded due to dislodgement of the hepatic artery catheter. The inserted covered stent obstructed venous outflow from part of the right liver lobe. The 99Tcm-HSA activity in this part remained unchanged after TIPS creation with an uncovered stent. A reduction in activity was seen after insertion of a stent-graft (p0.06).Conclusion: The distribution of the hepaticarterial blood flow is affected by creation of a TIPS with a stent-graft, in the experimental pig model.

  13. MICMIC--GPU:GPU: Hi hHi h P f C tiP f C tiHighHigh--Performance ComputingPerformance Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mueller, Klaus

    MICMIC--GPU:GPU: Hi hHi h P f C tiP f C tiHighHigh--Performance ComputingPerformance Computing 2011 but wait, there is more to this..... #12;Amdahl's LawAmdahl's Law Governs theoretical speedupp p P Medical Imaging 2011 MIC-GPU 5 Amdahl's LawAmdahl's Law Governs theoretical speedupp p P P P P S )1( 1

  14. A Delphi algorithm that integrates knowledge for expert system development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Layton, Terre Lou

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    yl f~HF being built to solve routine, medium, and difficult problems in areas such as: fault diagnosis of engine failures, design of cooling systems for automobiles and a controller for a closed environment life support system for the space shuttle... or extract key aspects of an expert's knowledge. Currently there are a few conventional methods such as interviewing which may or may not be able to readily explicate the expert' s representation of their knowledge. Thus, total reliance on any one method...

  15. Knowledge and abilities catalog for nuclear power plant operators: boiling water reactors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Knowledge and Abilities Catalog for Nuclear Power Plant Operators: Boiling-Water Reactors (BWR) (NUREG-1123) provides the basis for the development of content-valid licensing examinations for reactor operators (ROs) and senior reactor operators (SROs). The examinations developed using the BWR Catalog and Examiners' Handbook for Developing Operator Licensing Examinations (NUREG-1121) will cover those topics listed under Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 55. The BWR Catalog contains approximately 7000 knowledge and ability (K/A) statements for ROs and SROs at boiling water reactors. Each K/A statement has been rated for its importance to the safe operation of the plant in a manner ensuring personnel and public health and safety. The BWR K/A Catalog is organized into five major sections: Plant-wide Generic Knowledge and Ability Statements, Plant Systems grouped by Safety Function, Emergency and Abnormal Plant Evolutions, Components, and Theory. The BWR Catalog represents a modification of the form and content of the K/A Catalog for Nuclear Power Plant Operators: Pressurized Water Reactors (NUREG-1122). First, categories of knowledge and ability statements have been redefined. Second, the scope of the definition of emergency and abnormal plant evolutions has been revised in line with a symptom-based approach. Third, K/As related to the operational applications of theory have been incorporated into the delineations for both plant systems and emergency and abnormal plant evolutions, while K/As pertaining to theory fundamental to plant operation have been delineated in a separate theory section. Finally, the components section has been revised.

  16. Aerodynamics and Heat Transfer Studies of Parameters Specific to the IGCC-Requirements: Endwall Contouring, Leading Edge and Blade Tip Ejection under Rotating Turbine Conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schobeiri, Meinhard; Han, Je-Chin

    2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This report deals with the specific aerodynamics and heat transfer problematic inherent to high pressure (HP) turbine sections of IGCC-gas turbines. Issues of primary relevance to a turbine stage operating in an IGCC-environment are: (1) decreasing the strength of the secondary flow vortices at the hub and tip regions to reduce (a), the secondary flow losses and (b), the potential for end wall deposition, erosion and corrosion due to secondary flow driven migration of gas flow particles to the hub and tip regions, (2) providing a robust film cooling technology at the hub and that sustains high cooling effectiveness less sensitive to deposition, (3) investigating the impact of blade tip geometry on film cooling effectiveness. The document includes numerical and experimental investigations of above issues. The experimental investigations were performed in the three-stage multi-purpose turbine research facility at the Turbomachinery Performance and Flow Research Laboratory (TPFL), Texas A&M University. For the numerical investigations a commercial Navier-Stokes solver was utilized.

  17. JOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS, VOL. 12, NO. 3, JUNE 2003 233 Corner-Cube Retroreflectors Based on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahn, Joseph M.

    on microelectromechanical system tip/tilt mirror technology and the White cell. This is a free-space approach in which many addressed. Index Terms--Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) de- vices, optical communications, optical are the interconnects based on microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) devices, of which many ingenious types have been

  18. Practical tip: Chicago Sky Blue (CSB) stain can be added to the routine potassium hydroxide (KOH) wet-mount to provide a color contrast and facilitate the diagnosis of dermatomycoses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Christopher Seng-Hong; Lim, Siew-Lin

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    albicans . CSB stain shows the blue and pink budding yeastsand stains pink or light blue (Figure 4). More intensePractical tip: Chicago Sky Blue (CSB) stain can be added to

  19. Integrating Knowledge Management and Human Resources via Skill Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appelrath, Hans-Jrgen

    Integrating Knowledge Management and Human Resources via Skill Management Norbert Gronau. The human resources department can look for certain skills and compare the skills of an employee [Kreitmeier et al. 2000]. The company is able to save costs that otherwise apply to placing adverts for job

  20. ISI Web of KnowledgeSM : Creating Alerts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wurtele, Jonathan

    ISI Web of KnowledgeSM : Creating Alerts http://isiknowledge.com/ The alerting capacity in ISI Web text · HTML · ISI ResearchSoft (for import into EndNote) · Field Tagged (for import into RefWorks) #12