Sample records for knowledge base talent

  1. Talent

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del SolStrengthening a solidSynthesis of 2D AlloysTrails Taking Care ofTalent Talent

  2. Knowledge-based control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, John H.

    1992-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Knowledge-based control is defined here as the management of dynamic systems whose states admit qualitative modeling. Contributions from several disparate disciplines, such as artificial intelligence, the decision sciences, and fuzzy control...

  3. TALENT user's manual.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Merchant, Bion John

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Ground-Based Monitoring R and E Component Evaluation project performs testing on the hardware components that make up Seismic and Infrasound monitoring systems. The majority of the testing is focused on the Digital Waveform Recorder (DWR), Seismic Sensor, and Infrasound Sensor. The software tool used to capture and analyze the data collected from testing is called TALENT: Test and Analysis Evaluation Tool. This document is the manual for using TALENT. Other reports document the testing procedures that are in place (Kromer, 2007) and the algorithms employed in the test analysis (Merchant, 2011).

  4. Knowledge Acquisition from Data Bases 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Xindong

    Knowledge acquisition from databases is a research frontier for both data base technology and machine learning (ML) techniques,and has seen sustained research over recent years.It also acts as a link between the two ...

  5. Talent Acquisition Talent Development Social Network Essentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenstein, Seth

    Talent Acquisition Talent Development Social Network Essentials for Students Dan Ryan April 1, 2013 #12;What are your goals for today? #12;Beginning steps · Resume/CV · Networking · Social networks relevant information ­ Internships ­ Research ­ Study abroad #12;What is Networking? · A two-way process

  6. Frame-Based Knowledge Representation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steels, Luc

    The paper introduces a language for representing knowledge in a declarative form. With this language it is possible to define knowledge about a certain domain by introducing a number of concepts and by specifying their ...

  7. Knowledge Based Enterprise Engineering (KBEE): a modeling framework for enterprise knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Knowledge Based Enterprise Engineering (KBEE): a modeling framework for enterprise knowledge modeling, Knowledge modeling, Enterprise Engineering, Knowledge Engineering. 1 Introduction Knowledge in externalization and integration of knowledge and also for the engineering context, we will propose in this paper

  8. An Insulating Glass Knowledge Base

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael L. Doll; Gerald Hendrickson; Gerard Lagos; Russell Pylkki; Chris Christensen; Charlie Cureija

    2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report will discuss issues relevant to Insulating Glass (IG) durability performance by presenting the observations and developed conclusions in a logical sequential format. This concluding effort discusses Phase II activities and focuses on beginning to quantifying IG durability issues while continuing the approach presented in the Phase I activities (Appendix 1) which discuss a qualitative assessment of durability issues. Phase II developed a focus around two specific IG design classes previously presented in Phase I of this project. The typical box spacer and thermoplastic spacer design including their Failure Modes and Effect Analysis (FMEA) and Fault Tree diagrams were chosen to address two currently used IG design options with varying components and failure modes. The system failures occur due to failures of components or their interfaces. Efforts to begin quantifying the durability issues focused on the development and delivery of an included computer based IG durability simulation program. The focus/effort to deliver the foundation for a comprehensive IG durability simulation tool is necessary to address advancements needed to meet current and future building envelope energy performance goals. This need is based upon the current lack of IG field failure data and the lengthy field observation time necessary for this data collection. Ultimately, the simulation program is intended to be used by designers throughout the current and future industry supply chain. Its use is intended to advance IG durability as expectations grow around energy conservation and with the growth of embedded technologies as required to meet energy needs. In addition the tool has the immediate benefit of providing insight for research and improvement prioritization. Included in the simulation model presentation are elements and/or methods to address IG materials, design, process, quality, induced stress (environmental and other factors), validation, etc. In addition, acquired data is presented in support of project and model assumptions. Finally, current and suggested testing protocol and procedure for future model validation and IG physical testing are discussed.

  9. A multivalued knowledge-base model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Achs, Agnes

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The basic aim of our study is to give a possible model for handling uncertain information. This model is worked out in the framework of DATALOG. At first the concept of fuzzy Datalog will be summarized, then its extensions for intuitionistic- and interval-valued fuzzy logic is given and the concept of bipolar fuzzy Datalog is introduced. Based on these ideas the concept of multivalued knowledge-base will be defined as a quadruple of any background knowledge; a deduction mechanism; a connecting algorithm, and a function set of the program, which help us to determine the uncertainty levels of the results. At last a possible evaluation strategy is given.

  10. THE SOFTWARE KNOWLEDGE BASE Bertrand Meyer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyer, Bertrand

    knowledge base" keeps track of software components and their properties; these properties are described, implementation, testing, project management). The use of the binary relational model for describing the properties of software is hacked by a theoretical study of the relations and constraints which play

  11. CHAPTER 5 KNOWLEDGE BASE ISSUES 5.1 Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Connor, Rory

    areas of knowledge engineering and knowledge representation are introduced, and the issues of choosing are investigated. 5.2 Knowledge Engineering The term Knowledge Engineering is now commonly used to describe the process of Knowledge Based System (KBS) development. Knowledge engineering includes [Smith, 96

  12. Managing talent flow. 2006 Energy and Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and market growth in mining, utilities, oil and gas have been relatively stagnant, prompting many youngManaging talent flow. 2006 Energy and Resources Talent Pulse Survey Report Consulting #12;Executive ................................................................ 13 Contents #12;1 Managing talent flow 2006 Energy and Resources Talent Pulse Survey Report 2006

  13. The Cognitive Ergonomics of Knowledge-Based Design Support Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Cognitive Ergonomics of Knowledge-Based Design Support Systems Tamara Sumner Knowledge Media, Cognitive Ergonomics, Design, Design Environments, Knowledge-based Systems, Phone-based Interfaces ergonomic; i.e., systems that effectively support designers' cognitive work without hindering their creative

  14. Towards a Grid Information Knowledge Base , Marios D. Dikaiakos1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pallis, George

    Towards a Grid Information Knowledge Base Wei Xing1 , Marios D. Dikaiakos1 , and Rizos Sakellariou2 present our work on building a Grid infor- mation knowledge base, which is a key component of a semantic Grid information system. A Core Grid Ontology (CGO) is developed for build- ing a Grid knowledge base

  15. Bioenergy Science Center KnowledgeBase

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Syed, M. H.; Karpinets, T. V.; Parang, M.; Leuze, M. R.; Park, B. H.; Hyatt, D.; Brown, S. D.; Moulton, S. Galloway, M.D.; Uberbacher, E. C.

    The challenge of converting cellulosic biomass to sugars is the dominant obstacle to cost effective production of biofuels in s capable of significant enough quantities to displace U. S. consumption of fossil transportation fuels. The BioEnergy Science Center (BESC) tackles this challenge of biomass recalcitrance by closely linking (1) plant research to make cell walls easier to deconstruct, and (2) microbial research to develop multi-talented biocatalysts tailor-made to produce biofuels in a single step. [from the 2011 BESC factsheet] The BioEnergy Science Center (BESC) is a multi-institutional, multidisciplinary research (biological, chemical, physical and computational sciences, mathematics and engineering) organization focused on the fundamental understanding and elimination of biomass recalcitrance. The BESC Knowledgebase and its associated tools is a discovery platform for bioenergy research. It consists of a collection of metadata, data, and computational tools for data analysis, integration, comparison and visualization for plants and microbes in the center.The BESC Knowledgebase (KB) and BESC Laboratory Information Management System (LIMS) enable bioenergy researchers to perform systemic research. [http://bobcat.ornl.gov/besc/index.jsp

  16. IGENPRO knowledge-based operator support system.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morman, J. A.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research and development is being performed on the knowledge-based IGENPRO operator support package for plant transient diagnostics and management to provide operator assistance during off-normal plant transient conditions. A generic thermal-hydraulic (T-H) first-principles approach is being implemented using automated reasoning, artificial neural networks and fuzzy logic to produce a generic T-H system-independent/plant-independent package. The IGENPRO package has a modular structure composed of three modules: the transient trend analysis module PROTREN, the process diagnostics module PRODIAG and the process management module PROMANA. Cooperative research and development work has focused on the PRODIAG diagnostic module of the IGENPRO package and the operator training matrix of transients used at the Braidwood Pressurized Water Reactor station. Promising simulator testing results with PRODIAG have been obtained for the Braidwood Chemical and Volume Control System (CVCS), and the Component Cooling Water System. Initial CVCS test results have also been obtained for the PROTREN module. The PROMANA effort also involves the CVCS. Future work will be focused on the long-term, slow and mild degradation transients where diagnoses of incipient T-H component failure prior to forced outage events is required. This will enhance the capability of the IGENPRO system as a predictive maintenance tool for plant staff and operator support.

  17. JOBAID-ACCESSING AND MODIFYING TALENT PROFILE

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The purpose of this job aid is to guide users through the step-by-step process of accessing their talent profiles, adding information to their profiles, and editing existing talent profile...

  18. Beyond rules: development and evaluation of knowledge acquisition systems for educational knowledge-based modelling 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conlon, Thomas Hugh

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The technology of knowledge-based systems undoubtedly offers potential for educational modelling, yet its practical impact on today's school classrooms is very limited. To an extent this is because the tools presently ...

  19. A Knowledge Based Digital Control Flow Synthesizer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernando, M. A. Susith Rohana

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    applications are characterized by symbolic pro- cessing, incomplete problem solving knowledge and open systems. Symbolic processing contrast with numerical processing where intensive nu- rnerical comput, ations are involved. The information to be dealt... programming is one of the four popular programming paradigms available in the computer science community. In contrast with more common pro- cedural programming paradigm, programs are not primarily partitioned into pro- cedures and separate data. Rather, a...

  20. The process for integrating the NNSA knowledge base.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilkening, Lisa K.; Carr, Dorthe Bame; Young, Christopher John; Hampton, Jeff (Lockheed Martin Mission Services, Houston, TX); Martinez, Elaine

    2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    From 2002 through 2006, the Ground Based Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Research & Engineering (GNEMRE) program at Sandia National Laboratories defined and modified a process for merging different types of integrated research products (IRPs) from various researchers into a cohesive, well-organized collection know as the NNSA Knowledge Base, to support operational treaty monitoring. This process includes defining the KB structure, systematically and logically aggregating IRPs into a complete set, and verifying and validating that the integrated Knowledge Base works as expected.

  1. KNOWLEDGE-BASED DECISION SUPPORT IN OIL WELL DRILLING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aamodt, Agnar

    for capturing and reusing experience and best practice in industrial operations5-7 . CBR as a technology has nowKNOWLEDGE-BASED DECISION SUPPORT IN OIL WELL DRILLING Combining general and case-specific knowledge of Computer and Information Science. agnar.aamodt@idi.ntnu.no Abstract: Oil well drilling is a complex process

  2. NetPal: A Dynamic Network Administration Knowledge Base

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milios, Evangelos E.

    NetPal: A Dynamic Network Administration Knowledge Base Ashley George, Adetokunbo Makanju system designed to assist network administra- tors in their troubleshooting tasks, in recall- ing hosting environments, Net- pal summarises network data and and supports retrieval of relevant

  3. Knowledge-based cluster development in India : opportunities and challenges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singla, Chandan Dev

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Knowledge-based industries tend to cluster. The nature of activities illustrate the importance of networks and virtual and proximity aspects of clustering. Review of existing literature brings out the advantages of clustering ...

  4. ADVANCES IN TECHNOLOGY-BASED EDUCATION: TOWARDS A KNOWLEDGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lobo, Fernando

    these technologies in a natural way. In our opinion, this preparation must start soon, during pre-school, becauseADVANCES IN TECHNOLOGY-BASED EDUCATION: TOWARDS A KNOWLEDGE BASED SOCIETY Proceedings of the II International Conference on Multimedia and Information & Communication Technologies in Education m-ICTE2003 www

  5. The browser prototype for the CTBT knowledge base

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Armstrong, H.M.; Keyser, R.G.

    1997-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the United States Department of Energy`s (DOE) Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) research and development effort, a Knowledge Base is being developed. This Knowledge Base will store the regional geophysical research results as well as geographic contexual information and make this information available to the Automated Data Processing (ADP routines) as well as human analysts involved in CTBT monitoring. This paper focuses on the initial development of a browser prototype to be used to interactively examine the contents of the CTBT Knowledge Base. The browser prototype is intended to be a research tool to experiment with different ways to display and integrate the datasets. An initial prototype version has been developed using Environmental Systems Research Incorporated`s (ESRI) ARC/INFO Geographic Information System (GIS) product. The conceptual requirements, design, initial implementation, current status, and future work plans are discussed. 4 refs., 2 figs.

  6. Integrating knowledge-based techniques into well-test interpretation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harrison, I.W.; Fraser, J.L. [Artificial Intelligence Applications Inst., Edinburgh (United Kingdom)

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of the Spirit Project was to develop a prototype of next-generation well-test-interpretation (WTI) software that would include knowledge-based decision support for the WTI model selection task. This paper describes how Spirit makes use of several different types of information (pressure, seismic, petrophysical, geological, and engineering) to support the user in identifying the most appropriate WTI model. Spirit`s knowledge-based approach to type-curve matching is to generate several different feasible interpretations by making assumptions about the possible presence of both wellbore storage and late-time boundary effects. Spirit fuses information from type-curve matching and other data sources by use of a knowledge-based decision model developed in collaboration with a WTI expert. The sponsors of the work have judged the resulting prototype system a success.

  7. Soybean Knowledge Base (SoyKB): a Web Resource for Soybean Translation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Soybean Knowledge Base (SoyKB): a Web Resource for Soybean Translational Genomics. Soybean Knowledge Base (SoyKB): a Web Resource for Soybean Translational Genomics. Abstract:...

  8. Plan competitions reveal entrepreneurial talent

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Madison, Alison L.

    2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly economic diversity column for Tri-City Herald business section. Excerpt below: There’s something to be said for gaining valuable real-world experience in a structured, nurturing environment. Take for instance learning to scuba dive in the comfort of my resort pool rather than immediately hanging out with sharks while I figure out little things like oxygen tanks and avoiding underwater panic attacks. Likewise, graduate students are getting some excellent, supportive real-world training through university business plan competitions. These competitions are places where smart minds, new technologies, months of preparation and coaching, and some healthy pre-presentation jitters collide to reveal not only solid new business ideas, but also some promising entrepreneurial talent. In fact, professionals from around our region descend upon college campuses every spring to judge these events, which help to bridge the gap between academics and the real technology and business-driven economy.

  9. A KNOWLEDGE BASE FOR EVALUATION AND DESIGN OF INSTRUCTIONAL MULTIMEDIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A KNOWLEDGE BASE FOR EVALUATION AND DESIGN OF INSTRUCTIONAL MULTIMEDIA SOFTWARE STÉPHANE CROZAT, PHILIPPE TRIGANO, OLIVIER HU ABSTRACT. Authors and users of multimedia educational software are in front, making tools to assist in evaluating and designing multimedia pedagogical software. The second part

  10. A Knowledge-based Approach for Lifelike Gesture Stefan Kopp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moeller, Ralf

    behaviors of virtual anthropomorphic agents, widely used in human-computer interfaces, are increasinglyA Knowledge-based Approach for Lifelike Gesture Animation Stefan Kopp and Ipke Wachsmuth Abstract. The inclusion of additional modalities into the commu- nicative behavior of virtual agents

  11. ISPE: A knowledge-based system for fluidization studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reddy, S.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chemical engineers use mathematical simulators to design, model, optimize and refine various engineering plants/processes. This procedure requires the following steps: (1) preparation of an input data file according to the format required by the target simulator; (2) excecuting the simulation; and (3) analyzing the results of the simulation to determine if all specified goals'' are satisfied. If the goals are not met, the input data file must be modified and the simulation repeated. This multistep process is continued until satisfactory results are obtained. This research was undertaken to develop a knowledge based system, IPSE (Intelligent Process Simulation Environment), that can enhance the productivity of chemical engineers/modelers by serving as an intelligent assistant to perform a variety tasks related to process simulation. ASPEN, a widely used simulator by the US Department of Energy (DOE) at Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) was selected as the target process simulator in the project. IPSE, written in the C language, was developed using a number of knowledge-based programming paradigms: object-oriented knowledge representation that uses inheritance and methods, rulebased inferencing (includes processing and propagation of probabilistic information) and data-driven programming using demons. It was implemented using the knowledge based environment LASER. The relationship of IPSE with the user, ASPEN, LASER and the C language is shown in Figure 1.

  12. Essays on innovation, productivity, and talent allocation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shu, Pian

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis contains three essays on innovation, productivity, and talent allocation. The first essay explores a novel channel through which short-term economic fluctuations affect the long-term innovative output of the ...

  13. Lifting task design associate: a knowledge-based system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brooks, Susan Elaine

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sophisticated systems to aid in radar operations (Newquist, 1991). The first successful system is considered to be MYCIN This system was developed in the early 1970's to assist medical professionals in the diagnosis of hepatitis and meningitis (Hochron, 1990...LIFTING TASK DESIGN ASSOCIATE: A KNOWLEDGE-BASED SYSTEM A Thesis by Susan Elaine Brooks Submitted to the Oflice of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE...

  14. Plan generation strategies for a knowledge based process planning system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hari, Umesh

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    August 1993 Major Subject: Industrial Engineering PLAN GENERATION STRATEGIES FOR A KNOWLEDGE BASED PROCESS PLANNING SYSTEM A Thesis by UMESH HARI Approved as to style and content by: Ri ar . Maye (Chair of Committee) / i en ember) Newton C... valuable comments on the thesis work. I am indebted to Dr. C. J. Su for arousing my interest in process planning. I have learned a lot about process planning and solid modeling from him. I also thank him for directing me to relevant literature...

  15. A knowledge based model of electric utility operations. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1993-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This report consists of an appendix to provide a documentation and help capability for an analyst using the developed expert system of electric utility operations running in CLIPS. This capability is provided through a separate package running under the WINDOWS Operating System and keyed to provide displays of text, graphics and mixed text and graphics that explain and elaborate on the specific decisions being made within the knowledge based expert system.

  16. Knowledge-based navigation in a hypertext network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snell, James Robert

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    was to investigate knowledge-based navigation in a hypertext network. Hypertext can be described as a massive network of text fragments, stored in a computer system, linked together electronically. The navigation problem is the inability of the user to move.... However, the system did not have a sufficient number of links (or potential links) to test the effectiveness properly. The final study utilized a set of dermatology class notes. The study measured time, number of moves, and success rates for subjects...

  17. Knowledge-based stratigraphic well-log correlation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denton, Michael A.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    represents the formations, and new rules for the knowledge-base that can correlate formations in reservoirs with secondary stratification. This expert system has correlated ovei' 3, 500 ft. of well-log data from three different types of rock sequences... inspirational support. TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT nl DEDICATION ACKNOWLEDGEMENT TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF TABLES x1 LIST OF FIGURES xl1 CHAPTER I ? INTRODUCTION 1. 1 Well-Logs 1. 2 Stratigraphic Well-Log Correlation . 1. 3 Well-Log Correlation...

  18. A knowledge-based manager for software projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agarwal, A.; Jairam, B.N.; Emrich, M.L.; Murthy, N.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Management aspects of software development have received little research interest. The SOFTMAN system addresses the automation of this feature of the SDLC. It is a knowledge-based system which tracks the health of a software development effort. By comparing user metrics to past environment standards, anomalies in the coding stage are detected and suggestions for solving them are offered. In addition, SOFTMAN can be used to tutor new personnel, perform what-if anaylsis, and build a corporate memory regarding managment decisions. 15 refs., 2 figs.

  19. InterBaseKB : Integrating a Knowledge Base System with a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elmagarmid, Ahmed K.

    , Deductive Rule, and Active Rule #12;1 1. Introduction A Data Warehouse is a repository that integratesInterBaseKB : Integrating a Knowledge Base System with a Multidatabase System for Data Warehousing Science Foundation under grants 9972883-EIA, 9974255-IIS and 9983248-EIA. Dept. of Informatics Aristotle

  20. Identification of threats using linguistics-based knowledge extraction.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chew, Peter A.

    2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the challenges increasingly facing intelligence analysts, along with professionals in many other fields, is the vast amount of data which needs to be reviewed and converted into meaningful information, and ultimately into rational, wise decisions by policy makers. The advent of the world wide web (WWW) has magnified this challenge. A key hypothesis which has guided us is that threats come from ideas (or ideology), and ideas are almost always put into writing before the threats materialize. While in the past the 'writing' might have taken the form of pamphlets or books, today's medium of choice is the WWW, precisely because it is a decentralized, flexible, and low-cost method of reaching a wide audience. However, a factor which complicates matters for the analyst is that material published on the WWW may be in any of a large number of languages. In 'Identification of Threats Using Linguistics-Based Knowledge Extraction', we have sought to use Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) and other similar text analysis techniques to map documents from the WWW, in whatever language they were originally written, to a common language-independent vector-based representation. This then opens up a number of possibilities. First, similar documents can be found across language boundaries. Secondly, a set of documents in multiple languages can be visualized in a graphical representation. These alone offer potentially useful tools and capabilities to the intelligence analyst whose knowledge of foreign languages may be limited. Finally, we can test the over-arching hypothesis--that ideology, and more specifically ideology which represents a threat, can be detected solely from the words which express the ideology--by using the vector-based representation of documents to predict additional features (such as the ideology) within a framework based on supervised learning. In this report, we present the results of a three-year project of the same name. We believe these results clearly demonstrate the general feasibility of an approach such as that outlined above. Nevertheless, there are obstacles which must still be overcome, relating primarily to how 'ideology' should be defined. We discuss these and point to possible solutions.

  1. A Representation-Based Methodology for Developing High-Value Knowledge Engineering Systems: Theory and Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Munger, Tyler Rey

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Knowledge Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Knowledge Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . .to Analytics for Knowledge Engineering Approach . . . . .

  2. A knowledge-based verification method for dynamic access control policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, Mark

    . This abstraction of knowledge results in a simpler model, which makes the verification efficient, and is powerful may be a prior knowledge, or gained by exploring the system. In both cases, a verification method proposes a dynamic access control model supporting knowledge- based verification through reasoning about

  3. Revision of DL-Lite Knowledge Bases Zhe Wang, Kewen Wang, and Rodney Topor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Kewen

    for propositional logic to DLs but no specific revision operators were provided, e.g. [4, 5]. Recently, there haveRevision of DL-Lite Knowledge Bases Zhe Wang, Kewen Wang, and Rodney Topor Griffith University, Australia Abstract. We address the revision problem for knowledge bases (KBs) in De- scription Logics (DLs

  4. Preservation of Digital Data with Self-Validating, Self-Instantiating Knowledge-Based Archives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ludäscher, Bertram

    Preservation of Digital Data with Self-Validating, Self-Instantiating Knowledge-Based Archives and collection management. Our ap- proach is knowledge-based in the sense that the ingestion process can employ,marciano,mooreg@sdsc.edu Abstract Digital archives are dedicated to the long-term preservation of electronic information and have

  5. Knowledge-Based Automation of a Design Method for Concurrent Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ÐAutomated software engineering, knowledge-based software engineering, software design, concurrent and realKnowledge-Based Automation of a Design Method for Concurrent Systems Kevin L. Mills, Senior Member to automate a software design method for concurrent systems. The approach uses multiple paradigms to represent

  6. PENMAN Upper Model Building a LargeScale Knowledge Base for Machine Translation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knight, Kevin

    f g et al. Abstract PENMAN Upper Model Building a Large­Scale Knowledge Base for Machine­ gineer to build up an index to a KB in a second language, such as Spanish or Japanese. USC is a three­site collabora­ tive effort to build a large­scale knowledge­based ma­ chine translation system

  7. KNOWLEDGE-BASED SALES ADVISORY: EXPERIENCES AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jannach, Dietmar

    of such appli- cations, such as knowledge engineering, software maintenance, or testing. In addition, we are `Extended debugging support', `Automated extraction of product data from web sources', `Log mining for which no buying history is available. Finally, these systems do not work well for tech- nical goods like

  8. System and method for knowledge based matching of users in a network

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Verspoor, Cornelia Maria (Santa Fe, NM); Sims, Benjamin Hayden (Los Alamos, NM); Ambrosiano, John Joseph (Los Alamos, NM); Cleland, Timothy James (Los Alamos, NM)

    2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A knowledge-based system and methods to matchmaking and social network extension are disclosed. The system is configured to allow users to specify knowledge profiles, which are collections of concepts that indicate a certain topic or area of interest selected from an. The system utilizes the knowledge model as the semantic space within which to compare similarities in user interests. The knowledge model is hierarchical so that indications of interest in specific concepts automatically imply interest in more general concept. Similarity measures between profiles may then be calculated based on suitable distance formulas within this space.

  9. On-To-Knowledge: Ontology-based Tools for Knowledge Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Harmelen, Frank

    ; (2) OIL, an ontology- based inference layer on top of the World-Wide Web; (3) an associated, distributed, and semi-structured documents typically found in large company intranets and the World-Wide Web

  10. Towards OWL-based Knowledge Representation in Petrology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shkotin, Alex; Kudryavtsev, Dmitry

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents our work on development of OWL-driven systems for formal representation and reasoning about terminological knowledge and facts in petrology. The long-term aim of our project is to provide solid foundations for a large-scale integration of various kinds of knowledge, including basic terms, rock classification algorithms, findings and reports. We describe three steps we have taken towards that goal here. First, we develop a semi-automated procedure for transforming a database of igneous rock samples to texts in a controlled natural language (CNL), and then a collection of OWL ontologies. Second, we create an OWL ontology of important petrology terms currently described in natural language thesauri. We describe a prototype of a tool for collecting definitions from domain experts. Third, we present an approach to formalization of current industrial standards for classification of rock samples, which requires linear equations in OWL 2. In conclusion, we discuss a range of opportunities arising ...

  11. Hypertext as a debugging tool for knowledge-based systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schuette, John Frederick

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the nature of the consultation. Therefore, the HESDE is a more productive method of debugging expert systems than the traditional traces. The impact of these findings on both hypertext and expert systems development is discussed and further work... the processing of the system. Also, apparently minor changes in an expert system may bring about drastic changes in the course of a consultation. Depending on the tool, such a change may make the debugging task harder for the knowledge engineer, it would...

  12. "Investment in knowledge pays the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Jesus

    Annual Report #12;Annual Report #12;"Investment in knowledge pays the best interest." Abraham to information about the organisation. Our accounts are audited annually and can be viewed on our website: www to leading institutions in Europe in terms of selecting, hiring and consolidating research talent. Ikerbasque

  13. IGENPRO knowledge-based digital system for process transient diagnostics and management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morman, J.A.; Reifman, J.; Wei, T.Y.C. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)] [and others

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Verification and validation issues have been perceived as important factors in the large scale deployment of knowledge-based digital systems for plant transient diagnostics and management. Research and development (R&D) is being performed on the IGENPRO package to resolve knowledge base issues. The IGENPRO approach is to structure the knowledge bases on generic thermal-hydraulic (T-H) first principles and not use the conventional event-basis structure. This allows for generic comprehensive knowledge, relatively small knowledge bases and above all the possibility of T-H system/plant independence. To demonstrate concept feasibility the knowledge structure has been implemented in the diagnostic module PRODIAG. Promising laboratory testing results have been obtained using data from the full scope Braidwood PWR operator training simulator. This knowledge structure is now being implemented in the transient management module PROMANA to treat unanticipated events and the PROTREN module is being developed to process actual plant data. Achievement of the IGENPRO R&D goals should contribute to the acceptance of knowledge-based digital systems for transient diagnostics and management.

  14. Learning is Change in Knowledge: Knowledge-based Security for Dynamic Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chong, Stephen

    information, the security policy to enforce on information frequently changes: new users join the system, old a language-based model for specifying, reasoning about, and enforcing information security in systems confidential information may provide a different attacker with no new information. A program that is secure

  15. EXAMPLE FOR COMPLETE MANUSCRIPT STRATEGIC KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT IN SME BASED ON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EXAMPLE FOR COMPLETE MANUSCRIPT STRATEGIC KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT IN SME BASED ON INNOVATION TRANSFER University of Technology Cottbus, Germany ABSTRACT Added value for SME can be determine as knowledge question: whether a given algorithm that enables capital intellectual in SME index and implemented

  16. Knowledge-based Information Agents Xiaoying Gao 1 and Leon Sterling 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Xiaoying "Sharon"

    Knowledge-based Information Agents Xiaoying Gao 1 and Leon Sterling 2 1 School of Mathematical of Computer Science and Software Engineering The University of Melbourne Victoria, 3010, Australia leon as an inference engine. We assume the knowledge can be separated from the information extraction process. Instead

  17. A knowledge-based control paradigm for real-time systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, John H.; Lin, S.K.; Glass, E.

    1988-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors examine the application of knowledge-based symbolic control to the management of execution and configuration of a complex numerical control system. Symbolic processing is used to implement inference of system state and internal...

  18. Preliminary Design of the APIARY for VLSI Support of Knowledge-Based Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hewitt, Carl

    Knowledge-based applications will require vastly increased computational resources to achieve their goals. We are working on the development of a VLSI Message Passing Architecture to meet this need. As a first step we ...

  19. A Dredging Knowledge-Base Expert System for Pipeline Dredges with Comparison to Field Data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Derek Alan

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A Pipeline Analytical Program and Dredging Knowledge{Base Expert{System (DKBES) determines a pipeline dredge's production and resulting cost and schedule. Pipeline dredge engineering presents a complex and dynamic process necessary to maintain...

  20. Knowledge-based Specification of Robot Motions Moritz Tenorth and Georg Bartels and Michael Beetz1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knowledge-based Specification of Robot Motions Moritz Tenorth and Georg Bartels and Michael Beetz1, Germany E-mail: {tenorth, georg.bartels, beetz}@cs.uni-bremen.de Figure 1. Two views of a pouring task

  1. A KnowledgeBased Approach for Retrieving Images by Content \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    image based on the standard deviation of the features. Independent of the target data values, the same. In an image data space, many features are based on multiple attributes. For example, location requiresA Knowledge­Based Approach for Retrieving Images by Content \\Lambda Chih­Cheng Hsu, Wesley W. Chu

  2. A knowledge-based supervisory control system for a flexible manufacturing system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hwang, Jyh-Chen

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    displays, or call arbitrary LISP functions. For example, each process operation in the FBS knowledge base has a slot called "operation" whose function performs the desired activities as shown in Figure 3. 3. ROBOT1-IN IS-A: PART-OPERATION-STEP BEFORE...' SCIENCE Deceaber 1986 Sapor Sub/set: Industrial EnGineerinG A KNOWLEDGE-BASED SUPERVISORY CONTROL SYSTEH f" OR A Ff EXXBLE t(ANUPACTURING SYSTEN A Thesis by Approved as to style and content by: Robe E. (Chairman ommi ee) g() ~~~C ltd~ Donald K...

  3. Constructing a Knowledge Base for Gene Regulatory Dynamics by Formal Concept Analysis Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wollbold, Johannes; Ganter, Bernhard

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Our aim is to build a set of rules, such that reasoning over temporal dependencies within gene regulatory networks is possible. The underlying transitions may be obtained by discretizing observed time series, or they are generated based on existing knowledge, e.g. by Boolean networks or their nondeterministic generalization. We use the mathematical discipline of formal concept analysis (FCA), which has been applied successfully in domains as knowledge representation, data mining or software engineering. By the attribute exploration algorithm, an expert or a supporting computer program is enabled to decide about the validity of a minimal set of implications and thus to construct a sound and complete knowledge base. From this all valid implications are derivable that relate to the selected properties of a set of genes. We present results of our method for the initiation of sporulation in Bacillus subtilis. However the formal structures are exhibited in a most general manner. Therefore the approach may be adapte...

  4. Incorporating Knowledge of Secondary Structures in a L-System-Based Encoding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    Incorporating Knowledge of Secondary Structures in a L-System-Based Encoding for Protein Folding.Krasnogor@nottingham.ac.uk Abstract. An encoding scheme for protein folding on lattice models, inspired by parametric L that the occurrence of motifs and sub-structures is an important component in protein folding, and these sub

  5. eMMaC: KnowledgeBased Color Critiquing Support for Novice Multimedia Authors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nakakoji, Kumiyo

    eMMaC: Knowledge­Based Color Critiquing Support for Novice Multimedia Authors Kumiyo Nakakoji, 1 in multimedia authoring has mainly focused on increasing features available to the title designer. While multimedia authoring system does not solve fundamental problems inherent in multimedia authoring tasks

  6. Italsim: A Knowledge-Based Simulation of a PCB Manufacturing Plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLaren, Bruce Martin

    Italsim: A Knowledge-Based Simulation of a PCB Manufacturing Plant Claudio Brancaleoni, Luca Bugno and simulate a printed circuit board (PCB) manufacturing plant. The primary contribution of the system is its be executed by loading, as a starting state, a snapshot of a dynamic plant configuration. Italsim is currently

  7. A generic knowledge Model for SME Supply Chain Based on Multiagent Paradigm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A generic knowledge Model for SME Supply Chain Based on Multiagent Paradigm Jihene Tounsi1 Enterprises (SME). These companies evolve in an unstable and complex network. In order to guarantee its role in a supply chain, SME must be able to support the inherent requirements of the supply chain (low lead times

  8. Japan-Mexico Rectors' Summit "Building-up innovative relations for a knowledge-based society"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katsumoto, Shingo

    Japan-Mexico Rectors' Summit "Building-up innovative relations for a knowledge-based society" Joint Statement On June 29, 2011, the Japan-Mexico Rectors' Summit was hosted by the University of Tokyo, at which the importance of elevating the strategic partnership between Mexico and Japan to a new stage through

  9. ISPE: A knowledge-based system for fluidization studies. 1990 Annual report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reddy, S.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chemical engineers use mathematical simulators to design, model, optimize and refine various engineering plants/processes. This procedure requires the following steps: (1) preparation of an input data file according to the format required by the target simulator; (2) excecuting the simulation; and (3) analyzing the results of the simulation to determine if all ``specified goals`` are satisfied. If the goals are not met, the input data file must be modified and the simulation repeated. This multistep process is continued until satisfactory results are obtained. This research was undertaken to develop a knowledge based system, IPSE (Intelligent Process Simulation Environment), that can enhance the productivity of chemical engineers/modelers by serving as an intelligent assistant to perform a variety tasks related to process simulation. ASPEN, a widely used simulator by the US Department of Energy (DOE) at Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) was selected as the target process simulator in the project. IPSE, written in the C language, was developed using a number of knowledge-based programming paradigms: object-oriented knowledge representation that uses inheritance and methods, rulebased inferencing (includes processing and propagation of probabilistic information) and data-driven programming using demons. It was implemented using the knowledge based environment LASER. The relationship of IPSE with the user, ASPEN, LASER and the C language is shown in Figure 1.

  10. Global Talent Program Explore High technology in Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sung, Wokyung

    , . 2011 GTP #12;: 11 #12;12 2011 Global Talent Program Fujitsu, Sony, Hitachi, SoftBank, Nikko , , , . " " , , . , . Nikko Cordial Securities Inc. . , . #12;: 21 08 Sony Corporation SONY IT , , , . SONY 3D , , , SONY . SONY NGP(Next Generation Portable; PSP2) Portable Network

  11. connecting you to talent and technology Welcome CAP Executive Board

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasty, Jeff

    Technology Entropic Communications #12;Thank you Carl Lippke and Solar Turbines for `Spirit of Solar' Cruise 2012 Students 3 18 35 50 61 72 93 149 236 280 Teams 1 5 9 18 20 29 37 53 76 88 Companies 1 5 8 14 15 14 Students Teams Companies Team Internship Program Summer 2012 #12;#12;connecting you to talent

  12. A knowledge base approach to the design of tension leg platforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rijken, Oriol Rafael

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and braces. The platform is attached to the subsea base by means of tt, tethers and has tt, risers. Though the platform 13 shown in Fig. 2 has four columns which is consistent with popular designs but for increased versatility of the knowledge base... height, I represents the length of the tether, H is the water depth and a is the platform draft. In this study we assume that the subsea base doesn't have any height therefore the tether length plus the draft equals the water depth. The on...

  13. Knowledge based ranking algorithm for comparative assessment of post-closure care needs of closed landfills

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sizirici, Banu, E-mail: bsy3@case.edu [Case Western Reserve University, Civil Engineering Department, 2104 Adelbert Road, Bingham Bld. Room: 216, Cleveland, OH 44106 (United States); Tansel, Berrin; Kumar, Vivek [Florida International University, Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, Miami, FL (United States)

    2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Post-closure care (PCC) activities at landfills include cap maintenance; water quality monitoring; maintenance and monitoring of the gas collection/control system, leachate collection system, groundwater monitoring wells, and surface water management system; and general site maintenance. The objective of this study was to develop an integrated data and knowledge based decision making tool for preliminary estimation of PCC needs at closed landfills. To develop the decision making tool, 11 categories of parameters were identified as critical areas which could affect future PCC needs. Each category was further analyzed by detailed questions which could be answered with limited data and knowledge about the site, its history, location, and site specific characteristics. Depending on the existing knowledge base, a score was assigned to each question (on a scale 1-10, as 1 being the best and 10 being the worst). Each category was also assigned a weight based on its relative importance on the site conditions and PCC needs. The overall landfill score was obtained from the total weighted sum attained. Based on the overall score, landfill conditions could be categorized as critical, acceptable, or good. Critical condition indicates that the landfill may be a threat to the human health and the environment and necessary steps should be taken. Acceptable condition indicates that the landfill is currently stable and the monitoring should be continued. Good condition indicates that the landfill is stable and the monitoring activities can be reduced in the future. The knowledge base algorithm was applied to two case study landfills for preliminary assessment of PCC performance.

  14. Knowledge base expert system control of spatial xenon oscillations in pressurized water reactors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alten, S.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear reactor operators are required to pay special attention to spatial xenon oscillations during the load-follow operation of pressurized water reactors. They are expected to observe the axial offset of the core, and to estimate the correct time and amount of necessary control action based on heuristic rules given in axial xenon oscillations are knowledge intensive, and heuristic in nature. An expert system, ACES (Axial offset Control using Expert Systems) is developed to implement a heuristic constant axial offset control procedure to aid reactor operators in increasing the plant reliability by reducing the human error component of the failure probability. ACES is written in a production system language, OPS5, based on the forward chaining algorithm. It samples reactor data with a certain time interval in terms of measurable parameters, such as the power, period, and the axial offset of the core. It then processes the core status utilizing a set of equations which are used in a back of the envelope calculations by domain experts. Heuristic rules of ACES identify the control variable to be used among the full and part length control rods and boron concentration, while a knowledge base is used to determine the amount of control. ACES is designed as a set of generic rules to avoid reducing the system into a set of patterns. Instead ACES evaluates the system, determines the necessary corrective actions in terms of reactivity insertion, and provides this reactivity insertion using the control variables. The amount of control action is determined using a knowledge base which consists of the differential rod worth curves, and the boron reactivity worth of a given reactor. Having the reactor dependent parameters in its knowledge base, ACES is applicable to an arbitrary reactor for axial offset control purposes.

  15. Response time satisfaction in real-time knowledge-based systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Deborah Lee

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    vehicles or plant operations. Planning systems have already been used extensively in robots and autonomous vehicles. However, integrating knowledge-based systems into real-time environments is difficult because they cannot always respond to external... [11]. There is a natural niche for expert systems and planning systems in real-time computing environments. A common application of expert systems, system diagnosis, can be integrated into many different real-time systems, such as autonomous...

  16. Use of advanced pattern-recognition and knowledge-based system in analyzing dynamometer cards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schirmer, P.; Gay, J.C.; Toutain, P. (Total-CFP (US))

    1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A quick and accurate identification of downhole problems is essential in rod pumping to minimize operating costs and to maximize oil production. TOTAL-CFP developed a system to assist engineers in day-to-day oilfield operations in rod pumping. The system will make rod-pumping expertise available to field operations personnel. It provides a tool for improving data analysis and can be used as a training aid for engineers dealing with rod-pumping wells for the first time. This system has three subsystems: a dynamogram acquisition system, a dynamogram management system, and a knowledge-based system. This paper presents the knowledge-based system, which is used to diagnose downhole problems and to suggest corrective actions. To achieve these goals, the system applies advanced pattern-recognition techniques that consist mainly of structural pattern-recognition methods and hierarchical data structures called quadtrees. The diagnostics and recommendations are based on the analysis of surface dynamometer and downhole cards. The interface between the user and the system is very friendly. The system provides the user with graphical explanations of its diagnostics.

  17. Knowledge-base for the new human reliability analysis method, A Technique for Human Error Analysis (ATHEANA)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cooper, S.E. [Science Application International Corp., Reston, VA (United States); Wreathall, J. [John Wreathall & Co., Dublin, OH (United States); Thompson, C.M., Drouin, M. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States); Bley, D.C. [Buttonwood Consulting, Inc., Oakton, VA (United States)

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the knowledge base for the application of the new human reliability analysis (HRA) method, a ``A Technique for Human Error Analysis`` (ATHEANA). Since application of ATHEANA requires the identification of previously unmodeled human failure events, especially errors of commission, and associated error-forcing contexts (i.e., combinations of plant conditions and performance shaping factors), this knowledge base is an essential aid for the HRA analyst.

  18. A Molecular Mechanics Knowledge Base Applied to Template Based Structure Prediction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Xiaotao

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    -residue hairpin. It contains a 4:4 type IV turn 69,70 making up by residues 47-50 (sequence DATK), seven possible main-chain-to-main-chain hydrogen bonds, a hydrophobic core involves residue Trp43, Tyr45, Phe52 and Val 54 and a possible ion pair... the conclusion that our simulated dataset as well as our packing?oriented prediction method are useful for template based structure prediction. v DEDICATION To my wife Miao whom I love with all my heart and my parents who support me all the way here...

  19. Case-based reasoning on e-community knowledge Emmanuelle Gaillard1235

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    - edge. In order to preserve the quality of reasoning, we have designed a meta- knowledge model, called MKM, to manage knowledge coming from (non-expert) hal-00918518,version1-13Dec2013 Author manuscript in Section 3. Section 4 details the global process for meta-knowledge management, and Sec- tion 5 shows how

  20. EM Taps Talent of Minority Serving Institutions | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:RevisedAdvisory Board Contributions EMEM Recovery Act PressEMTacklesTaps Talent of

  1. A knowledge-based approach of seismic interpretation : horizon and dip-fault detection by means of cognitive vision.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A knowledge-based approach of seismic interpretation : horizon and dip-fault detection by means presents preliminary results obtained through a new seismic interpretation methodology based on cognitive building process. The efforts currently made to improve seismic interpretation are mainly focused

  2. Proceedings of the 25th Seismic Research Review -- Nuclear Explosion Monitoring: Building the Knowledge Base

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chavez, Francesca C. [Editor; Mendius, E. Louise [Editor

    2003-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    These proceedings contain papers prepared for the 25th Seismic Research Review -- Nuclear Explosion Monitoring: Building the Knowledge Base, held 23-25 September, 2003 in Tucson, Arizona. These papers represent the combined research related to ground-based nuclear explosion monitoring funded by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA), Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), US Army Space and Missile Defense Command, and other invited sponsors. The scientific objectives of the research are to improve the United States capability to detect, locate, and identify nuclear explosions. The purpose of the meeting is to provide the sponsoring agencies, as well as potential users, an opportunity to review research accomplished during the preceding year and to discuss areas of investigation for the coming year. For the researchers, it provides a forum for the exchange of scientific information toward achieving program goals, and an opportunity to discuss results and future plans. Paper topics include: seismic regionalization and calibration; detection and location of sources; wave propagation from source to receiver; the nature of seismic sources, including mining practices; hydroacoustic, infrasound, and radionuclide methods; on-site inspection; and data processing.

  3. Knowledge-based analysis of microarray gene expression data by using support vector machines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    William Grundy; Manuel Ares, Jr.; David Haussler

    2001-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors introduce a method of functionally classifying genes by using gene expression data from DNA microarray hybridization experiments. The method is based on the theory of support vector machines (SVMs). SVMs are considered a supervised computer learning method because they exploit prior knowledge of gene function to identify unknown genes of similar function from expression data. SVMs avoid several problems associated with unsupervised clustering methods, such as hierarchical clustering and self-organizing maps. SVMs have many mathematical features that make them attractive for gene expression analysis, including their flexibility in choosing a similarity function, sparseness of solution when dealing with large data sets, the ability to handle large feature spaces, and the ability to identify outliers. They test several SVMs that use different similarity metrics, as well as some other supervised learning methods, and find that the SVMs best identify sets of genes with a common function using expression data. Finally, they use SVMs to predict functional roles for uncharacterized yeast ORFs based on their expression data.

  4. Strategic Plan for Nuclear Energy -- Knowledge Base for Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-KAMS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rich Johnson; Kimberlyn C. Mousseau; Hyung Lee

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NE-KAMS knowledge base will assist computational analysts, physics model developers, experimentalists, nuclear reactor designers, and federal regulators by: (1) Establishing accepted standards, requirements and best practices for V&V and UQ of computational models and simulations, (2) Establishing accepted standards and procedures for qualifying and classifying experimental and numerical benchmark data, (3) Providing readily accessible databases for nuclear energy related experimental and numerical benchmark data that can be used in V&V assessments and computational methods development, (4) Providing a searchable knowledge base of information, documents and data on V&V and UQ, and (5) Providing web-enabled applications, tools and utilities for V&V and UQ activities, data assessment and processing, and information and data searches. From its inception, NE-KAMS will directly support nuclear energy research, development and demonstration programs within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), including the Consortium for Advanced Simulation of Light Water Reactors (CASL), the Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS), the Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS), the Small Modular Reactors (SMR), and the Next Generation Nuclear Power Plant (NGNP) programs. These programs all involve computational modeling and simulation (M&S) of nuclear reactor systems, components and processes, and it is envisioned that NE-KAMS will help to coordinate and facilitate collaboration and sharing of resources and expertise for V&V and UQ across these programs. In addition, from the outset, NE-KAMS will support the use of computational M&S in the nuclear industry by developing guidelines and recommended practices aimed at quantifying the uncertainty and assessing the applicability of existing analysis models and methods. The NE-KAMS effort will initially focus on supporting the use of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and thermal hydraulics (T/H) analysis for M&S of nuclear reactor systems, components and processes, and will later expand to include materials, fuel system performance and other areas of M&S as time and funding allow.

  5. The use case specification of actions in the goal oriented knowledge based learning environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    an adaptive control of the enhanced learning process according to the requirements of student's knowledge place the learning style preferred by the student, then suitable methodologies which allow performing and support a new paradigm focused on knowledge construction using experiential and collaborative learning

  6. Fuzzy Linguistic Knowledge Based Behavior Extraction for Building Energy Management Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dumidu Wijayasekara; Milos Manic

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant portion of world energy production is consumed by building Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) units. Thus along with occupant comfort, energy efficiency is also an important factor in HVAC control. Modern buildings use advanced Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) control schemes to realize these goals. However, since the performance of HVAC units is dependent on many criteria including uncertainties in weather, number of occupants, and thermal state, the performance of current state of the art systems are sub-optimal. Furthermore, because of the large number of sensors in buildings, and the high frequency of data collection, large amount of information is available. Therefore, important behavior of buildings that compromise energy efficiency or occupant comfort is difficult to identify. This paper presents an easy to use and understandable framework for identifying such behavior. The presented framework uses human understandable knowledge-base to extract important behavior of buildings and present it to users via a graphical user interface. The presented framework was tested on a building in the Pacific Northwest and was shown to be able to identify important behavior that relates to energy efficiency and occupant comfort.

  7. Soybean Knowledge Base (SoyKB): a Web Resource for Soybean Translational Genomics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joshi, Trupti; Patil, Kapil; Fitzpatrick, Michael R.; Franklin, Levi D.; Yao, Qiuming; Cook, Jeffrey R.; Wang, Zhem; Libault, Marc; Brechenmacher, Laurent; Valliyodan, Babu; Wu, Xiaolei; Cheng, Jianlin; Stacey, Gary; Nguyen, Henry T.; Xu, Dong

    2012-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Background: Soybean Knowledge Base (SoyKB) is a comprehensive all-inclusive web resource for soybean translational genomics. SoyKB is designed to handle the management and integration of soybean genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics data along with annotation of gene function and biological pathway. It contains information on four entities, namely genes, microRNAs, metabolites and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Methods: SoyKB has many useful tools such as Affymetrix probe ID search, gene family search, multiple gene/ metabolite search supporting co-expression analysis, and protein 3D structure viewer as well as download and upload capacity for experimental data and annotations. It has four tiers of registration, which control different levels of access to public and private data. It allows users of certain levels to share their expertise by adding comments to the data. It has a user-friendly web interface together with genome browser and pathway viewer, which display data in an intuitive manner to the soybean researchers, producers and consumers. Conclusions: SoyKB addresses the increasing need of the soybean research community to have a one-stop-shop functional and translational omics web resource for information retrieval and analysis in a user-friendly way. SoyKB can be publicly accessed at http://soykb.org/.

  8. Strategic Plan for Nuclear Energy -- Knowledge Base for Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-KAMS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kimberlyn C. Mousseau

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Nuclear Energy Computational Fluid Dynamics Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-CAMS) system is being developed at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) in collaboration with Bettis Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratory (SNL), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Utah State University (USU), and other interested parties with the objective of developing and implementing a comprehensive and readily accessible data and information management system for computational fluid dynamics (CFD) verification and validation (V&V) in support of nuclear energy systems design and safety analysis. The two key objectives of the NE-CAMS effort are to identify, collect, assess, store and maintain high resolution and high quality experimental data and related expert knowledge (metadata) for use in CFD V&V assessments specific to the nuclear energy field and to establish a working relationship with the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to develop a CFD V&V database, including benchmark cases, that addresses and supports the associated NRC regulations and policies on the use of CFD analysis. In particular, the NE-CAMS system will support the Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS) Program, which aims to develop and deploy advanced modeling and simulation methods and computational tools for reliable numerical simulation of nuclear reactor systems for design and safety analysis. Primary NE-CAMS Elements There are four primary elements of the NE-CAMS knowledge base designed to support computer modeling and simulation in the nuclear energy arena as listed below. Element 1. The database will contain experimental data that can be used for CFD validation that is relevant to nuclear reactor and plant processes, particularly those important to the nuclear industry and the NRC. Element 2. Qualification standards for data evaluation and classification will be incorporated and applied such that validation data sets will result in well-defined, well-characterized data. Element 3. Standards will be established for the design and operation of experiments for the generation of new validation data sets that are to be submitted to NE-CAMS that addresses the completeness and characterization of the dataset. Element 4. Standards will be developed for performing verification and validation (V&V) to establish confidence levels in CFD analyses of nuclear reactor processes; such processes will be acceptable and recognized by both CFD experts and the NRC.

  9. 5x20 Matrix for Knowledge Management Lifecycle Based on the Five C's Model and a Critical Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    5x20 Matrix for Knowledge Management Lifecycle Based on the Five C's Model and a Critical Review the previous efforts that have investigated the models and frameworks of KM lifecycles. Furthermore of coming out and arising the five C's model to be adopted in organizations vis-à-vis other KM lifecycles

  10. SumTime-Turbine: A Knowledge-Based System to Communicate Gas Turbine Time-Series Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reiter, Ehud

    SumTime-Turbine: A Knowledge-Based System to Communicate Gas Turbine Time-Series Data Jin Yu of Aberdeen Aberdeen, AB24 3UE, UK {jyu, ereiter, jhunter, ssripada}@csd.abdn.ac.uk Abstract: SumTime-Turbine produces textual summaries of archived time- series data from gas turbines. These summaries should help

  11. Knowledge-Based Schematics Drafting: Aesthetic Configuration as a Design Task

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valdes-Perez, Raul E.

    Depicting an electrical circuit by a schematic is a tedious task that is a good candidate for automation. Programs that draft schematics with the usual algorithmic approach do not fully exploit knowledge of circuit function, ...

  12. KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT FOR INDUSTRIAL SAFETY, GENERIC RESOURCE PLATFORM COMBINED WITH AN ONTOLOGY BASED APPROACH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    the regulatory framework to the details of a machine or a process but also includes the general knowledge about conclusions concerning the petrochemical industry, Z. Nivolianitou considers that there is a lack of proper

  13. Early identification of Hispanic English language learners for gifted and talented programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esquierdo, Jennifer Joy

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    the assessment of the escalating Hispanic student population, the underrepresentation of Hispanics in gifted and talented (GT) programs has developed into a critical educational concern (Bernal, 2002; Irby & Lara-Alecio, 1996; Ortiz & Gonzalez, 1998...

  14. An Eco-system of Nurturing Talent--MSRA Guest Professorship Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narasayya, Vivek

    An Eco-system of Nurturing Talent--MSRA Guest Professorship Program When Microsoft researchers for their internship program, and builds good relation- ships with technology faculty throughout China. "We know well

  15. A survey of Existing V&V, UQ and M&S Data and Knowledge Bases in Support of the Nuclear Energy - Knowledge base for Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-KAMS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hyung Lee; Rich Johnson, Ph.D.; Kimberlyn C. Moussesau

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Nuclear Energy - Knowledge base for Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-KAMS) is being developed at the Idaho National Laboratory in conjunction with Bettis Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratories, Argonne National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Utah State University and others. The objective of this consortium is to establish a comprehensive knowledge base to provide Verification and Validation (V&V) and Uncertainty Quantification (UQ) and other resources for advanced modeling and simulation (M&S) in nuclear reactor design and analysis. NE-KAMS will become a valuable resource for the nuclear industry, the national laboratories, the U.S. NRC and the public to help ensure the safe operation of existing and future nuclear reactors. A survey and evaluation of the state-of-the-art of existing V&V and M&S databases, including the Department of Energy and commercial databases, has been performed to ensure that the NE-KAMS effort will not be duplicating existing resources and capabilities and to assess the scope of the effort required to develop and implement NE-KAMS. The survey and evaluation have indeed highlighted the unique set of value-added functionality and services that NE-KAMS will provide to its users. Additionally, the survey has helped develop a better understanding of the architecture and functionality of these data and knowledge bases that can be used to leverage the development of NE-KAMS.

  16. Development of knowledge Base Expert System for Natural treatment of Diabetes disease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jha, Sanjeev Kumar

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of expert system for treatment of Diabetes disease by using natural methods is new information technology derived from Artificial Intelligent research using ESTA (Expert System Text Animation) System. The proposed expert system contains knowledge about various methods of natural treatment methods (Massage, Herbal/Proper Nutrition, Acupuncture, Gems) for Diabetes diseases of Human Beings. The system is developed in the ESTA (Expert System shell for Text Animation) which is Visual Prolog 7.3 Application. The knowledge for the said system will be acquired from domain experts, texts and other related sources.

  17. Knowledge-based Scienti c Discovery in Geological Databases Cen Li and Gautam Biswas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    estimates of oil and gas reserves ?" In qualitative terms, good recoverable reserves have high hydrocarbon from oil elds in the Alaska Basin. Preliminary results demonstrate the e ectiveness of this method is be- coming crucial in oil exploration and production. It is common knowledge in the oil industry

  18. Foundations of Artificial Intelligence Knowledge Representation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Rong

    To introduce knowledge acquisition and knowledge engineering. To explain how knowledge is taken from a human. Knowledge Acquisition #12;The field of knowledge engineering can be defined as the process of assessing problems, acquiring knowledge and building knowledge based systems. Knowledge Engineering #12;Problem

  19. Foundations of Artificial Intelligence Knowledge Acquisition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Rong

    knowledge acquisition and knowledge engineering. To explain how knowledge is taken from a human before being of knowledge engineering can be defined as the process of assessing problems, acquiring knowledge and building knowledge based systems. Knowledge Engineering Problem assessment Data and knowledge acquisition Bottleneck

  20. A knowledge-based system for control of xenon-induced spatial power oscillations during load-follow operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chung, Sun-Kyo; Danofsky, R.A.; Spinrad, B.I.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As is well known, large pressurized water reactors (PWRs) are subject to xenon-induced axial power oscillations at some time during a given cycle. Attention to this behavior is required during load-follow operations. A knowledge-based system for controlling xenon-induced spatial power oscillations is described. Experience with a limited set of load-follow patterns has demonstrated that the system is capable of providing advice on appropriate control actions. A simulation model, coupled with a rule-learning process, has been found to be a useful way for determining appropriate weights for the rules that relate power patterns and control actions.

  1. Understanding biological form: a knowledge based environment to study form change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiwary, Ashutosh

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the Brain. . . . . . . 32 Study Techniques for Neuroanatomical Structures . 34 Properties and Measures of Cellular Structures Cortical Cytoarchitectonics: A Macrostructure de6ned from Microstructure . . . . . . . . . . 41 Comparison of Cytoarchitecture...: Geometric Vlappings between Architectonic Boundaries . . . . . . . 64 Summary of Neuroanatomical Properties . . . . I1 Previous Studies in Computer Based Cytoarchitectural Vtlapping . . . . . . . . . i3 Landmark-Based klapping Elastic Boundary...

  2. Articulatory Control of HMM-based Parametric Speech Synthesis Driven by Phonetic Knowledge 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ling, Zhenhua; Richmond, Korin; Yamagishi, Junichi; Wang, Ren-Hua

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a method to control the characteristics of synthetic speech flexibly by integrating articulatory features into a Hidden Markov Model (HMM)-based parametric speech synthesis system. In contrast to model ...

  3. Assessing Knowledge Based on the Geriatric Competencies for Emergency Medicine Residents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hogan, Teresita M; Hansoti, Bhakti; Chan, Shu B.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for Geriatric Emergency Medicine. Acad Emerg Med. 2003;10:3.Effects of Evidence-Based Therapies. Am J Med. Medicine.www.downstate.edu/emergency_ medicine/geriatrics.html. Last

  4. Ontology Language to Support Description of Experiment Control System Semantics, Collaborative Knowledge-Base Design and Ontology Reuse

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vardan Gyurjyan, D Abbott, G Heyes, E Jastrzembski, B Moffit, C Timmer, E Wolin

    2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we discuss the control domain specific ontology that is built on top of the domain-neutral Resource Definition Framework (RDF). Specifically, we will discuss the relevant set of ontology concepts along with the relationships among them in order to describe experiment control components and generic event-based state machines. Control Oriented Ontology Language (COOL) is a meta-data modeling language that provides generic means for representation of physics experiment control processes and components, and their relationships, rules and axioms. It provides a semantic reference frame that is useful for automating the communication of information for configuration, deployment and operation. COOL has been successfully used to develop a complete and dynamic knowledge-base for experiment control systems, developed using the AFECS framework.

  5. A Knowledge-Based Approach for Power-Plant Availability Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, A. Chandra Shekar

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , this is a very powerful approach. When common- mode failures are to be included, this approach is not valid and the transition rate matrix approach needs to be used. C. GO Block Logic System The GO Availability Analysis Methodology was developed by EPRI... in Fig. 14. is based upon one of the designs developed by EPRI to aid in the evaluation of the economic benefits of potential improvements in advanced gas turbine reliaibility. The failure snd repair rates are based on previous historic data. Both...

  6. Conference Proceedings distributing knowledge in building Title: An Internet-based Building Simulation Quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amor, Robert

    -based Building Simulation Quality Assurance System Author(s): Shengjiang Lu1 , Robert Amor1 and Michael Donn2 describes the development of a distributed building simulation quality control system. The basic premise (building simulation quality assurance) was proposed, building upon the ideals of the semantic web (Donn et

  7. Knowledge-based intelligent controller architecture for a real-time dynamic system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glass, Emily Ann

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Painter (Chair ol' Committee) c L C c Sallie Sheppard (iVIember) Shiping Li (3''Iernber) Karen Watson (itlember) Jo Howze (flea d of Department) ivlay 1990 ABSTRACT Ifnov, ledge-Base&i Intelligent Controller Architecturr. for a Real... of the Power System 'vlodel 1. The Circuit Itlodel 2. Continuous-Time State Analysis 3. Discretization 4. Feedback o. Simulation Peculis, rities . . 9 . . . 9 . . . 19 . . . 30 . 33 III. IIvIPLEUIEVTATIOrV OF THE ItVTELLIGEXT CONTROLLER . . . . . 39...

  8. SUPPORTING DOMAIN SPECIFIC WEB-BASED SEARCH USING HEURISTIC KNOWLEDGE EXTRACTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunanathan, Sudharsan

    2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    extracted. The various heuristics that are used for the 3 features are described below. Date Pattern based date search: The news articles specify dates in some specific formats such as ? ?16th July 2006?, ?02/16/2006?, ?16-JUL-06?. So pattern... is supervised learning, where the model should approximate the mapping between the input Manuscript received February 27, 2006; revised January 6, 2007. This paper was recommended by Editor L. Mark. The authors are with Honda Research Institute Europe, Offenbach...

  9. Metered Data Analysis and Knowledge Based Methods that Reduce HVAC Operation and Maintenance Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Smith, L.; Kreider, J. F.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ehown. The ice rink and steam heat reclaim tend to reduce readinge on the D.H.W. converter, hence they are included ae negative loads. This end-uae distribution diagram eerved ae a basic framework for the construction of the rule- base. were either... containing a gymnaeium, a full-eize indoor ice rink, competition eviming and diving pools, handball and racketball courte, a lobby, men'e and women's locker roome, a eyeteme exerciee room, a free-weight room, equipment check- out, a laundry...

  10. High Level Requirements for the Nuclear Energy -- Knowledge Base for Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-KAMS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rich Johnson; Hyung Lee; Kimberlyn C. Mousseau

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Energy, Office of Nuclear Energy (DOE-NE), has been tasked with the important mission of ensuring that nuclear energy remains a compelling and viable energy source in the U.S. The motivations behind this mission include cost-effectively meeting the expected increases in the power needs of the country, reducing carbon emissions and reducing dependence on foreign energy sources. In the near term, to ensure that nuclear power remains a key element of U.S. energy strategy and portfolio, the DOE-NE will be working with the nuclear industry to support safe and efficient operations of existing nuclear power plants. In the long term, to meet the increasing energy needs of the U.S., the DOE-NE will be investing in research and development (R&D) and working in concert with the nuclear industry to build and deploy new, safer and more efficient nuclear power plants. The safe and efficient operations of existing nuclear power plants and designing, licensing and deploying new reactor designs, however, will require focused R&D programs as well as the extensive use and leveraging of advanced modeling and simulation (M&S). M&S will play a key role in ensuring safe and efficient operations of existing and new nuclear reactors. The DOE-NE has been actively developing and promoting the use of advanced M&S in reactor design and analysis through its R&D programs, e.g., the Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS) and Consortium for Advanced Simulation of Light Water Reactors (CASL) programs. Also, nuclear reactor vendors are already using CFD and CSM, for design, analysis, and licensing. However, these M&S tools cannot be used with confidence for nuclear reactor applications unless accompanied and supported by verification and validation (V&V) and uncertainty quantification (UQ) processes and procedures which provide quantitative measures of uncertainty for specific applications. The Nuclear Energy Knowledge base for Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-KAMS) is being developed at the Idaho National Laboratory in conjunction with Bettis Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratories, Argonne National Laboratory, Utah State University and others with the objective of establishing a comprehensive and web-accessible knowledge base that will provide technical services and resources for V&V and UQ of M&S in nuclear energy sciences and engineering. The knowledge base will serve as an important resource for technical exchange and collaboration that will enable credible and reliable computational models and simulations for application to nuclear reactor design, analysis and licensing. NE-KAMS will serve as a valuable resource for the nuclear industry, academia, the national laboratories, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the public and will help ensure the safe, economical and reliable operation of existing and future nuclear reactors. From its inception, NE-KAMS will directly support nuclear energy research, development and demonstration programs within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), including the CASL, NEAMS, Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS), Small Modular Reactors (SMR), and Next Generation Nuclear Power Plant (NGNP) programs. These programs all involve M&S of nuclear reactor systems, components and processes, and it is envisioned that NE-KAMS will help to coordinate and facilitate collaboration and sharing of resources and expertise for V&V and UQ across these programs.

  11. Semantic Interoperability in the Fixed Income Securities Industry: A Knowledge Representation Architecture for Dynamic Integration of Web-Based Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moulton, Allen

    2003-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We examine a knowledge representation architecture to support context interchange mediation. For autonomous receivers and sources sharing a common subject domain, ...

  12. Knowledge-based control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, John H.

    1992-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    parts; comprising the eyetern (plant) under control, an inferential estima- tor, and a memoryless controller. 138 . - - Authorized licensed use limited to: Texas A M University. Downloaded on February 18,2010 at 14:24:05 EST from IEEE Xplore... modes are tems exhibiting a finite (or at least countable) num- ber of states, a theoretical basis parallel to that ex- 139 Authorized licensed use limited to: Texas A M University. Downloaded on February 18,2010 at 14:24:05 EST from IEEE Xplore...

  13. Identifying linguistically diverse students as gifted and talented: a qualitative study of adding a new measure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Breedlove, Lynette

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Identifying Linguistically Diverse Students as Gifted and Talented: A Qualitative Study of Adding a New Measure. (August 2007) Lynette Breedlove, B.A., Rhodes College; M.Ed., University of St. Thomas Co-Chairs of Advisory Committee: Dr. William R... Approved by: Co-Chairs of Committee, William R. Nash Joyce E. Juntune Committee Members, Laura M. Stough Diane S. Kaplan Head of Department, Michael R. Benz August 2007 Major Subject: Educational Psychology iii ABSTRACT...

  14. Dojat et al. International Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing. 1992;9:239-250. A KNOWLEDGE-BASED SYSTEM FOR ASSISTED VENTILATION OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ;9:239-250. A KNOWLEDGE-BASED SYSTEM FOR ASSISTED VENTILATION OF PATIENTS IN INTENSIVE CARE UNITS. Michel DOJAT, Laurent with respiratory insufficiency from mechanical ventilation may be complex and requires expertise obtained by long respiratory activity is assisted by a Hamilton Veolar ventilator delivering a positive pressure plateau during

  15. The Knowledge Based Bio-Economy at work: from large scale experiences to instruments for rural and local development G. Henry and E.J. Trigo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    The Knowledge Based Bio-Economy at work: from large scale experiences to instruments for rural BIO-ECONOMY AT WORK: FROM LARGE SCALE EXPERIENCES TO INSTRUMENTS FOR RURAL AND LOCAL DEVELOPMENT Guy Email: ejtrigo@gmail.com Abstract - The new bio-economy is increasingly seen as a workable alternative

  16. Published in `AI Communications 9 journal', pp1-17. Published by IOS Press (1996) TIGERTM: Knowledge Based Gas Turbine Condition Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Travé-Massuyès, Louise

    : Knowledge Based Gas Turbine Condition Monitoring Dr. Robert Milne and Dr. Charlie Nicol Intelligent, 11 Colon, Barcelona, 08222 Terrassa. Spain 1. INTRODUCTION Given the critical nature of gas turbines and increasing the availability of the gas turbine. Routine preventative maintenance techniques have been used

  17. Knowledge information management toolkit and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hempstead, Antoinette R.; Brown, Kenneth L.

    2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A system is provided for managing user entry and/or modification of knowledge information into a knowledge base file having an integrator support component and a data source access support component. The system includes processing circuitry, memory, a user interface, and a knowledge base toolkit. The memory communicates with the processing circuitry and is configured to store at least one knowledge base. The user interface communicates with the processing circuitry and is configured for user entry and/or modification of knowledge pieces within a knowledge base. The knowledge base toolkit is configured for converting knowledge in at least one knowledge base from a first knowledge base form into a second knowledge base form. A method is also provided.

  18. Giving Back Through Our Talented STEM Professionals | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    at the U.S. Department of Energy. The fair aims to match the needs of the local science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) educational community with the amazing base of...

  19. Nuclear Energy -- Knowledge Base for Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-KAMS) Code Verification and Validation Data Standards and Requirements: Fluid Dynamics Version 1.0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greg Weirs; Hyung Lee

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    V&V and UQ are the primary means to assess the accuracy and reliability of M&S and, hence, to establish confidence in M&S. Though other industries are establishing standards and requirements for the performance of V&V and UQ, at present, the nuclear industry has not established such standards or requirements. However, the nuclear industry is beginning to recognize that such standards are needed and that the resources needed to support V&V and UQ will be very significant. In fact, no single organization has sufficient resources or expertise required to organize, conduct and maintain a comprehensive V&V and UQ program. What is needed is a systematic and standardized approach to establish and provide V&V and UQ resources at a national or even international level, with a consortium of partners from government, academia and industry. Specifically, what is needed is a structured and cost-effective knowledge base that collects, evaluates and stores verification and validation data, and shows how it can be used to perform V&V and UQ, leveraging collaboration and sharing of resources to support existing engineering and licensing procedures as well as science-based V&V and UQ processes. The Nuclear Energy Knowledge base for Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-KAMS) is being developed at the Idaho National Laboratory in conjunction with Bettis Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratories, Argonne National Laboratory, Utah State University and others with the objective of establishing a comprehensive and web-accessible knowledge base to provide V&V and UQ resources for M&S for nuclear reactor design, analysis and licensing. The knowledge base will serve as an important resource for technical exchange and collaboration that will enable credible and reliable computational models and simulations for application to nuclear power. NE-KAMS will serve as a valuable resource for the nuclear industry, academia, the national laboratories, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the public and will help ensure the safe, economical and reliable operation of existing and future nuclear reactors.

  20. What to expect from the National Science Foundation's T4 Project: Talented Teachers in Training for Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, Nicholas

    What to expect from the National Science Foundation's T4 Project: Talented Teachers in Training Camp: Major within the College of Science and Mathematics (?? or Computer Science major) Cumulative GPA of 2.75 or above Completed freshman or sophomore year U.S. citizen, national, or permanent

  1. Production Specialist mFoundry needs a talented Production Specialist to work on our product development team. The

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravikumar, B.

    and research for new or complementary products areas. · Support the sales and client services teams throughProduction Specialist mFoundry needs a talented Production Specialist to work on our product development team. The Mobile Production Specialist is responsible for providing graphic and technical

  2. Situation and Perspective of Knowledge Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Staab, Steffen

    Situation and Perspective of Knowledge Engineering Rudi Studer1 , Stefan Decker2 , Dieter Fensel3, The Netherlands dieter@cs.vu.nl Abstract. Knowledge Engineering was in the past primarily concerned with building and developing knowledge-based systems, an objective which puts Knowledge Engineering in a niche of the world

  3. Better Knowledge Management Through Knowledge Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Preece, Alun

    Better Knowledge Management Through Knowledge Engineering: A Case Study in Drilling Optimisation. The paper presents a case study in which knowledge engineering practices are being used to support knowledge the term knowledge management has been used to describe the efforts of organisations to capture, store

  4. Knowledge and Skill Representations for Robotized Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malec, Jacek

    : Model-based control, Knowledge representation, System architectures, Autonomous control, Industrial robots 1. INTRODUCTION Model-based systems in control are a means to utilize effi- ciently human

  5. Evaluation of Mixed-Initiative Knowledge Base Development Methods and Tools Ping Shyr*, Gheorghe Tecuci, Mihai Boicu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tecuci, Gheorghe

    of evaluation methods, guidelines for designing experiments based on these methods, and reusable evaluation, called Disciple [Tecuci, 1998], is indented to allow a subject matter expert that does not have prior that includes a repertoire of evaluation methods, ready-made evaluation utilities, and guidelines

  6. Using domain-specific and generic knowledge to support discovery learning about geometrical optics in a computer-based simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . These studies aimed at clarifying some of the constraints of discovery learning in computer-based simulations to elicit scientific discovery learning behavior. The Optics simulation offers a versatile and dynamic discovery learning processes, all actions that students performed in the Optics simulation were registered

  7. Knowledge Infusion Leslie G. Valiant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valiant, Leslie

    Knowledge Infusion Leslie G. Valiant Division of Engineering and Applied Sciences Harvard as by their economy in the use of external data. In this paper we propose a theoretical basis for knowl- edge infusion in terms of robust logic. Knowledge infusion based on robust logic can be distinguished from other cur

  8. Re-engineering knowledge networks for development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raghavan, Amrith, 1976-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the evolution of Internet based knowledge networks (e-knowledge networks) in the domain of sustainable development. The objective of this thesis is to use an engineering systems approach to understand ...

  9. Journal of Engineering Design, Vol. 15, No.4, pp. 327-351, August 2004 Ontology-based systematization of functional knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mizoguchi, Riichiro

    engineering because it is deeply related to how we can deal with knowledge. Needless to say, design process engineering, which is the successor to knowledge engineering, has been expected to overcome some difficulties the conventional knowledge engineering cannot solve. The main objective of this paper is to propose an innovative

  10. Knowledge Market: Agent-mediated Knowledge Sharing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dignum, Frank

    , preservation and distribution of knowledge assets but mainly the management and nurturing of collaboration developments show a shift in the focus of Knowledge Management (KM) from knowledge organization of relevant knowledge in a dynamic, collaborative environment. - Preserve individual autonomy and contribute

  11. aerospace knowledge diffusion: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to codify: Implications for the knowledge - based economy" Prometheus 19 Richards, Debbie 15 Inverse diffusion from knowledge of power densities Guillaume Bal Mathematics...

  12. ARKTOS: a knowledge engineering software tool for images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soh, L. K.; Tsatsoulis, Costas

    2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of our ARKTOS project is to build an intelligent knowledge-based system to classify satellite sea ice images. It involves acquiring knowledge from sea ice experts, quantifying such knowledge as computational entities and ultimately building...

  13. Towards Continuous Knowledge Engineering Klaas Schilstra and Pieter Spronck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spronck, Pieter

    Towards Continuous Knowledge Engineering Klaas Schilstra and Pieter Spronck Knowledge Based Systems.schilstra; p.spronck}@bouw.tno.nl www.tno.nl Abstract: Continuous Knowledge Engineering is an alternative approach to knowledge engineering that embraces the philosophy that knowledge systems are open

  14. Geospatial knowledge for territorial intelligence Pr. Robert Laurini Geospatial Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurini, Robert

    Geospatial knowledge for territorial intelligence Pr. Robert Laurini Geospatial Knowledge ­ Management · Objective: Sustainable development #12;Geospatial knowledge for territorial intelligence Pr;Geospatial knowledge for territorial intelligence Pr. Robert Laurini Generic and specific knowledge

  15. China Internship Program -Get Work Experience Abroad CRCC Asia is seeking ambitious, talented and hardworking students and graduates for its 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    China Internship Program - Get Work Experience Abroad CRCC Asia is seeking ambitious, talented and hardworking students and graduates for its 2013 China Internship Programs. This is an incredible opportunity and fastest-growing economies. Our China Internship Program is highly regarded by employers and is certain

  16. MBA Internship ProgramC o nnect wit h our students Hire top talent Watch your organizati on g row About the SFU Beedie School of Business MBA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MBA Internship ProgramC o nnect wit h our students · Hire top talent · Watch your organizati on g of full-time experience. Internship Details Start date: September onward Duration: 4 month minimum Hours of the project and completes a student evaluation form at the end of the internship Our Students Commonly held

  17. Evaluating Verification and Validation Methods in Knowledge Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen-Burger, Yun-Heh (Jessica)

    Evaluating Verification and Validation Methods in Knowledge Engineering Alun Preece University: Verification and validation (V&V) techniques have always been an essential part of the knowledge engineering effective V&V techniques. 1. The Art of Knowledge Engineering Knowledge-based systems (KBS) have proven

  18. Case-Based Reasoning Systems for Knowledge Mediation A.D. Griffiths, M.D. Harrison and A.M. Dearden

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, Michael

    specific purpose, however, is to support business planning carried out by company managers. We have taken to plan the maintenance and operation of a utility distribution network, by mediating knowledge from in the current paper, along with the relevant design issues. In a future paper we shall describe the evaluation

  19. competency Course Objective 1 1a, 5a, 5b Apply appropriate knowledge developed from critically relevant, concensus based literature to the delivery of surgical care.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Lawrence C.

    , palliative care, pain management, medical legal issues and substance abuse. 4 1f, 3c of surgical care. 2 1c, 1d, 5c, 5d Apply current clinical and translational sciences in the delivery of surgical care of the patient. 3 1e Recognize and define knowledge

  20. Reasoning About Knowledge Reasoning About Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vardi, Moshe Y.

    Introduction and Overview 1 1.1 The Muddy Children Puzzle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1 Knowledge . . . . . . . . . . 23 2.3 The Muddy Children Revisited . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127 4.4.4 Perfect Recall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 4.4.5 Message-Passing

  1. ISI Web of Knowledge111 -ISI Web of Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Or, Michael

    ­ ISI Web of Knowledge111 © , . , , , . . , . , . . -ISI Web of Knowledge )http:// webofknowledge.com( , , , . . -ISI Web of Knowledge: Web of Science(-1691) , . Biosis Previews(-1661 ) - , , , . MEDLINE(-1611

  2. Rural Knowledge Clusters: Implications for Minnesota State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinson, David M.

    communities face tremendous challenges in adapting to a knowledge-based global economy. The "knowledge economy to innovate. Traditional rural economic staples are under growing pressure due to globalization of markets, and diseconomies of scale and outmigration hinder adjustment in the rural economy. Consequently a growing gap

  3. Review: Knowledge and Environmental Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, Peter C.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Review: Knowledge and Environmental Policy: Re-Imagining theRobert. Knowledge and Environmental Policy: Re-Imagining thepaperback. Knowledge and Environmental Policy continues the

  4. Collaborative Ontological Engineering of Instructional Design Knowledge for an ITS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Collaborative Ontological Engineering of Instructional Design Knowledge for an ITS Authoring could rely on content-based engineering of instructional design (ID) knowledge, i.e. based on principles. Collaborative Ontological Engineering of Instructional Design Knowledge: Challenges of such an Enterprise

  5. Rural Knowledge Clusters: Innovation and Vitality in America's Rural Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinson, David M.

    Summary 1 I. Context: The Challenge of Rural Community Vitality in a Knowledge-Based Global Economy 5 II challenges to prosperity and vitality in a knowledge-based global economy. Traditional sources of rural Minnesota 65 Appendix C: About the Project, "Globalization and Knowledge Clusters for Rural America" 73

  6. Supporting Knowledge Transfer through Decomposable Reasoning Artifacts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pike, William A.; May, Richard A.; Turner, Alan E.

    2007-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Technology to support knowledge transfer and cooperative inquiry must offer its users the ability to effectively interpret knowledge structures produced by collaborators. Communicating the reasoning processes that underlie a finding is one method for enhancing interpretation, and can result in more effective evaluation and application of shared knowledge. In knowledge management tools, interpretation is aided by creating knowledge artifacts that can expose their provenance to scrutiny and that can be transformed into diverse representations that suit their consumers’ perspectives and preferences. We outline the information management needs of inquiring communities characterized by hypothesis generation tasks, and propose a model for communication, based in theories of hermeneutics, semiotics, and abduction, in which knowledge structures can be decomposed into the lower-level reasoning artifacts that produced them. We then present a proof-of-concept implementation for an environment to support the capture and communication of analytic products, with emphasis on the domain of intelligence analysis.

  7. In Proceedings of the Technology Demonstration Session of the 14th International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management, EKAW 2004, 5-8th October 2004 -Whittlebury Hall, Northamptonshire, UK.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tecuci, Gheorghe

    on Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management, EKAW 2004, 5-8th October 2004 - Whittlebury Hall assistance from knowledge engineers, to develop knowledge-based agents incorporating their expertise of knowledge bases and agents, by subject matter experts, with limited assistance from knowledge engineers [1

  8. Recording Scientific Knowledge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bowker, Geof (Santa Clara University) [Santa Clara University

    2006-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The way we record knowledge, and the web of technical, formal, and social practices that surrounds it, inevitably affects the knowledge that we record. The ways we hold knowledge about the past - in handwritten manuscripts, in printed books, in file folders, in databases - shape the kind of stories we tell about that past. In this talk, I look at how over the past two hundred years, information technology has affected the nature and production of scientific knowledge. Further, I explore ways in which the emergent new cyberinfrastructure is changing our relationship to scientific practice.

  9. i-Seek : an intelligent system for eliciting and explaining knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Ashwani, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose i-Seek, an Intelligent System for Eliciting and Explaining Knowledge that leverages the OpenMind [1] Commonsense knowledge base in conjunction with domain- specific knowledge in Personal Finance, Technical Help, ...

  10. The knowledge economy in Europe A report prepared for the 2007 EU Spring Council

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen-Burger, Yun-Heh (Jessica)

    The knowledge economy in Europe A report prepared for the 2007 EU Spring Council Prepared by Ian. Knowledge industry employment in Europe 6 4. Moving towards a knowledge based economy in Europe 7 5 10 8. Investing in knowledge 11 9. Next steps 23 Sponsors for the knowledge economy programme include

  11. Foundation of Knowledge Systematization: Role of Ontological Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mizoguchi, Riichiro

    Foundation of Knowledge Systematization: Role of Ontological Engineering Riichiro Mizoguchi of view. Our knowledge systematization is based on ontological engineering to enable people to build is that ontological engineering provides us with the basis on which we can build knowledge and with computer

  12. Generic Knowledge Structures for Probabilistic-Network Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Generic Knowledge Structures for Probabilistic-Network Engineering Eveline M. Helsper and Linda C, independent of any specific application domain. Upon using the library, the knowledge engineer selects customisation by the knowl- edge engineer. To allow for customisation, a knowledge structure should be based

  13. A Knowledge Management Framework to Morph Clinical Cases with Clinical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abidi, Syed Sibte Raza

    A Knowledge Management Framework to Morph Clinical Cases with Clinical Practice Guidelines Fehmida-base and maps it to corresponding explicit knowledge stored in clinical practice guidelines. The novelty of our--i.e. clinical practice guidelines--and experiential knowledge--i.e. past clinical cases. Here we present

  14. Knowledge assistant for robotic environmental characterization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feddema, J.; Rivera, J.; Tucker, S.; Matek, J.

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A prototype sensor fusion framework called the {open_quotes}Knowledge Assistant{close_quotes} has been developed and tested on a gantry robot at Sandia National Laboratories. This Knowledge Assistant guides the robot operator during the planning, execution, and post analysis stages of the characterization process. During the planning stage, the Knowledge Assistant suggests robot paths and speeds based on knowledge of sensors available and their physical characteristics. During execution, the Knowledge Assistant coordinates the collection of data through a data acquisition {open_quotes}specialist.{close_quotes} During execution and postanalysis, the Knowledge Assistant sends raw data to other {open_quotes}specialists,{close_quotes} which include statistical pattern recognition software, a neural network, and model-based search software. After the specialists return their results, the Knowledge Assistant consolidates the information and returns a report to the robot control system where the sensed objects and their attributes (e.g., estimated dimensions, weight, material composition, etc.) are displayed in the world model. This report highlights the major components of this system.

  15. Incremental learning for automated knowledge capture.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benz, Zachary O.; Basilico, Justin Derrick; Davis, Warren Leon,; Dixon, Kevin R.; Jones, Brian S.; Martin, Nathaniel; Wendt, Jeremy Daniel

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    People responding to high-consequence national-security situations need tools to help them make the right decision quickly. The dynamic, time-critical, and ever-changing nature of these situations, especially those involving an adversary, require models of decision support that can dynamically react as a situation unfolds and changes. Automated knowledge capture is a key part of creating individualized models of decision making in many situations because it has been demonstrated as a very robust way to populate computational models of cognition. However, existing automated knowledge capture techniques only populate a knowledge model with data prior to its use, after which the knowledge model is static and unchanging. In contrast, humans, including our national-security adversaries, continually learn, adapt, and create new knowledge as they make decisions and witness their effect. This artificial dichotomy between creation and use exists because the majority of automated knowledge capture techniques are based on traditional batch machine-learning and statistical algorithms. These algorithms are primarily designed to optimize the accuracy of their predictions and only secondarily, if at all, concerned with issues such as speed, memory use, or ability to be incrementally updated. Thus, when new data arrives, batch algorithms used for automated knowledge capture currently require significant recomputation, frequently from scratch, which makes them ill suited for use in dynamic, timecritical, high-consequence decision making environments. In this work we seek to explore and expand upon the capabilities of dynamic, incremental models that can adapt to an ever-changing feature space.

  16. Executive report Building knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geffner, Hector

    Executive report Building knowledge To build citizens To build cities UPF CAMPUS ICÀRIA INTERNATIONAL PROJECT 2010 International Campus of Excellence Programme #12;2 UPF CAMPUS ICÀRIA INTERNATIONAL this presentation from the one submitted in the CEI 2009 programme where UPF was classified as a `promising

  17. High School Students' Modeling Knowledge High School Students' Modeling Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    High School Students' Modeling Knowledge High School Students' Modeling Knowledge David Fortus of the authors. #12;High School Students' Modeling Knowledge Abstract Modeling is a core scientific practice a learning progression for this practice, focusing on the late elementary and early middle school years

  18. Knowledge Assisted Visualization Knowledge-assisted visualization of seismic data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for knowledge-assisted annotation and computer-assisted interpretation of seismic data for oil and gas, using seismic interpretation, is performed that makes it fit very naturally into the paradigmKnowledge Assisted Visualization Knowledge-assisted visualization of seismic data Daniel Patel a

  19. Talent Management Strategy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE's Leadership & Development Programs are designed to strengthen the participant’s capacity to lead by deepening their understanding of the DOE’s core values and key leadership...

  20. Knowledge-Projection for Tele-Maintenance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tu, Yicheng

    search ... · Linkage to Data Mining ­ Tightly coupled with dynamic process events ­ Real-time data it #12;! #12;33 The Knowledge Base Our underlying Dynamic Process XML/XSL technology makes it possible Components · Dynamic Process ­ Step-by-step description of events, decision points, drill-down points, data

  1. Harvesting Knowledge from Web Data and Text Tutorial Proposal for CIKM 2010 (1/2 Day)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ) a catalyst for acquisition of further knowledge and largely automated maintenance and growth of the knowl in data and text mining, knowledge extraction, knowledge-based search, and uncertain data management. It aims at providing valuable knowledge about available data assets, as well as basic methods

  2. Advancing the Hydrogen Safety Knowledge Base

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weiner, Steven C.

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A White Paper of the International Energy Agency Hydrogen Implementing Agreement Task 31 - Hydrogen Safety

  3. A knowledge based anthropometric data associate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reitmeyer, Peter B.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    large amounts of domain data into chunks and create a hierarchical linkage between them for better access and application, but acquiring such a skill does not come easy. For example, it may take ten to twenty years for a human expert to acquire... for the simultaneous study of a variety of measures. Computer simulation also helps prioritize measures for future research, and the technology does not require the user to be an expert in tradMonal anthmpometric methods to be able to model systems ef...

  4. Journal Title: Knowledge-Based Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    Budzik Intelligent Information Laboratory Northwestern University 1890 Maple Ave. Evanston, IL 60201 USA +1 847 467-1771 (phone) +1 847 491-5258 (fax) budzik@infolab.nwu.edu Co-Authors: Kristian J. Hammond

  5. Centre de recherche KNOWLEDGE DYNAMICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Centre de recherche KNOWLEDGE DYNAMICS DURING PLANNING PRACTICES MARIE-LÉANDRE GOMEZ DR09011 or part of this document without the written consent of the authors. - DR 09011 - Knowledge Dynamics Hirsch, BP5021, 95021 CERGY PONTOISE, France. E-mail: gomez@essec.fr I #12;Knowledge Dynamics During

  6. Robust automated knowledge capture.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stevens-Adams, Susan Marie; Abbott, Robert G.; Forsythe, James Chris; Trumbo, Michael Christopher Stefan; Haass, Michael Joseph; Hendrickson, Stacey M. Langfitt

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes research conducted through the Sandia National Laboratories Robust Automated Knowledge Capture Laboratory Directed Research and Development project. The objective of this project was to advance scientific understanding of the influence of individual cognitive attributes on decision making. The project has developed a quantitative model known as RumRunner that has proven effective in predicting the propensity of an individual to shift strategies on the basis of task and experience related parameters. Three separate studies are described which have validated the basic RumRunner model. This work provides a basis for better understanding human decision making in high consequent national security applications, and in particular, the individual characteristics that underlie adaptive thinking.

  7. The Knowledge Engineering Review, Vol. 28:3, 249271. & Cambridge University Press, 2013 doi:10.1017/S0269888913000234

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    The Knowledge Engineering Review, Vol. 28:3, 249­271. & Cambridge University Press, 2013 doi:10 include a knowledge base (KB), composed of different kinds of knowledge, and a reasoning engine@lirmm.fr Abstract This paper presents a graph-based knowledge representation and reasoning language. This language

  8. A New Model for the Organizational Knowledge Life Cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luigi Lella; Ignazio Licata

    2007-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Actual organizations, in particular the ones which operate in evolving and distributed environments, need advanced frameworks for the management of the knowledge life cycle. These systems have to be based on the social relations which constitute the pattern of collaboration ties of the organization. We demonstrate here, with the aid of a model taken from the theory of graphs, that it is possible to provide the conditions for an effective knowledge management. A right way could be to involve the actors with the highest betweeness centrality in the generation of discussion groups. This solution allows the externalization of tacit knowledge, the preservation of knowledge and the raise of innovation processes.

  9. A New Model for the Organizational Knowledge Life Cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lella, Luigi

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Actual organizations, in particular the ones which operate in evolving and distributed environments, need advanced frameworks for the management of the knowledge life cycle. These systems have to be based on the social relations which constitute the pattern of collaboration ties of the organization. We demonstrate here, with the aid of a model taken from the theory of graphs, that it is possible to provide the conditions for an effective knowledge management. A right way could be to involve the actors with the highest betweeness centrality in the generation of discussion groups. This solution allows the externalization of tacit knowledge, the preservation of knowledge and the raise of innovation processes.

  10. Workflow Instance Detection: Toward A Knowledge Capture Methodology for Smart Oilfields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prasanna, Viktor K.

    Workflow Instance Detection: Toward A Knowledge Capture Methodology for Smart Oilfields Fan Sun, and act as a knowledge base to assist with troubleshooting and training new employees. A smart oilfield

  11. Review: Knowledge and Environmental Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, Peter C.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Environmental Policy: Re-Imagining the Boundaries ofand Environmental Policy: Re-Imagining the Boundaries ofKnowledge and Environmental Policy continues the complex and

  12. Maturing Software Engineering Knowledge through Classifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basili, Victor R.

    Maturing Software Engineering Knowledge through Classifications: A Case Study on Unit Testing contribution to advancing knowledge in both science and engineering. It is a way of investigating Engineering knowledge, as classifications constitute an organized structure of knowledge items. Till date

  13. ISI Web of Knowledge111 , ,1111

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel, Rosenfeld

    ISI Web of Knowledge111 © , ,1111 -ISI Web of Knowledge (http://newisiknowledge.com) , , , . . -ISI Web of Knowledge : Web of Science(-1965) , . Biosis Previews(-1991) , ,, . MEDLINE(-1951) , , . Zoological Record(-1995). , . ISI Web of Knowledge . . -VPN( ). : 1.:http

  14. Knowledge and Common Knowledge in a Distributed Environment \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halpern, Joseph Y.

    Knowledge and Common Knowledge in a Distributed Environment \\Lambda Joseph Y. Halpern Yoram Moses role in distributed systems. Indeed, such reasoning is a central part of the informal intuitive arguments used in the design of distributed protocols. Communication in a distributed system can be viewed

  15. The Interactive Knowledge Library: Capturing, Sharing and Synthesizing Tacit Knowledge in Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eaton, Craig M.

    2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Interactive Knowledge Library is a place to capture, share and synthesize tacit and explicit knowledge. While explicit knowledge (or ‘know what’) is useful, it is tacit knowledge (or ‘know how’) that is the quintessence of knowledge, from which...

  16. Foundations of Artificial Intelligence Knowledge Acquisition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Rong

    knowledge acquisition and knowledge engineering. To explain how knowledge is taken from a human before being against the original statement. Knowledge Acquisition The field of knowledge engineering can be defined Engineering Problem assessment Data and knowledge acquisition Bottleneck Development of a prototype system

  17. Knowledge ecology and knowledge economy interests -can they be compatible? Rainer Kuhlen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhlen, Rainer

    Knowledge ecology and knowledge economy interests - can they be compatible? Rainer Kuhlen and knowledge ecology - can they be compatible? CC 1 #12;Knowledge ecology and knowledge economy interests - can they be compatible? part of #12;Knowledge ecology and knowledge economy interests - can they be compatible? EIS

  18. Knowledge Capture and Transfer Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Office of Learning and Workforce Development is working with Heads of Departmental Elements, DOE senior leaders and subject-matter-experts to capture and transfer the knowledge and experiences...

  19. A Knowledge Engineering Method for New Product Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perry, Nicolas; 10.3166/jds.19.117-133

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Engineering activities involve large groups of people from different domains and disciplines. They often generate important information flows that are difficult to manage. To face these difficulties, a knowledge engineering process is necessary to structure the information and its use. This paper presents a deployment of a knowledge capitalization process based on the enrichment of MOKA methodology to support the integration of Process Planning knowledge in a CAD System. Our goal is to help different actors to work collaboratively by proposing one referential view of the domain, the context and the objectives assuming that it will help them in better decision-making.

  20. The Knowledge-Led Accumulation Regime: A Theory of Contemporary Capitalism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Hyungkee

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    age of globalization and knowledge-based economy arose, KWSof Political Economy, Sapir Andre (2005), ‘Globalization andglobalization and liberalization that weaken the ability to intervene in the economy.

  1. From Art to Science in Manufacturing: The Evolution of Technological Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bohn, Roger E.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    chart Synchronous line Science-based models (see below) Workpiece-tool interface Table 3.1 Key knowledge contributions of the SPC

  2. Functional Metadata Schema for Engineering Knowledge Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mizoguchi, Riichiro

    Functional Metadata Schema for Engineering Knowledge Management Yoshinobu Kitamura Naoya Washio engineering knowledge about functionality representing design rationale because of the lack of rich common, ontology, metadata, functional model, knowledge management 1. INTRODUCTION In the engineering design

  3. ORIGINAL PAPER The interdisciplinary engineering knowledge genome

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shai, Offer

    ORIGINAL PAPER The interdisciplinary engineering knowledge genome Yoram Reich · Offer Shai Received, termed the ``Interdisciplinary Engineering Knowledge Genome'', which is an organized collection of system, the Interdisciplinary Engineering Knowledge Genome unifies many engineering disciplines, providing a basis

  4. Central Characterization Program (CCP) Acceptable Knowledge Documentat...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Acceptable Knowledge Documentation Central Characterization Program (CCP) Acceptable Knowledge Documentation This document was used to determine facts and conditions during the...

  5. Post Doctoral Associate Position on Carbon Nanomaterials We are looking for a highly motivated, experienced, and talented Post Doctoral Scholar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -based Nanomaterials and Composites with Applications in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. This project is related-cost photovoltaic devices, in order to provide efficient conversion of solar energy to electricity. The strong ties to the Research Program "Advanced Materials for Highly Efficient Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells ­ AdMatDSC" funded

  6. Geographic Privacy-aware Knowledge Discovery Fosca Giannotti2, Mirco Nanni2, Dino Pedreschi1, and Chiara Renso2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malerba, Donato

    , based on new privacy- preserving methods for extracting knowledge from large amounts of raw data ref in the advocated form of geographic knowledge a key driver, such as in transport, environment and risk management and sys- tems for knowledge discovery and delivery, based on new automated privacy-preserving methods

  7. Enhance your Cyber Security Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enhance your Cyber Security Knowledge About NPS CS FUNDAMENTALS: Create a strong foundational by increasing the effectiveness of the armed forces of the United States and its allies. Cyber Security-4015 About CISR #12;Cyber Security Adversarial Techniques Cyber Security Defense Cyber Security Fundamentals

  8. A knowledge portal for Norway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansen, Tom Henning

    A knowledge portal for Norway 2012 Highlights from the University of Oslo's annual report #12 examinations 14 The Governor of the Bank of Norway's Annual Address: 15 A student ombudsman is introduced 15 for Norway, and in addition to its achievements in the form of education and new research, it has a large

  9. HEART SMART NUTRITION KNOWLEDGE = POWER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lesson 1 HEART SMART NUTRITION KNOWLEDGE = POWER Know Your Cholesterol Number High blood cholesterol is one of the three major risk factors for heart disease that you can change. The other two risk the disease. Heart disease is the number one killer of women and men in the United States. In 2008, over 16

  10. Advancing Michigan's State of Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Jennifer Jing

    Advancing Michigan's State of Knowledge GRADUATE E D U C AT I O N "To attract and grow quality jobs for Michigan's Economic Future: Jobs, Education and Protecting Families State of the State Address - 2009 Michigan Graduate Education Day Thursday, April 23, 2009 , Andrews University Aquinas College Baker College

  11. Knowledge Engineering Technique for Cluster Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Knowledge Engineering Technique for Cluster Development Pradorn Sureephong1 , Nopasit Chakpitak1 management by using knowledge engineering which is one of the most important method for managing knowledge. This work analyzed three well known knowledge engineering methods, i.e. MOKA, SPEDE and Common

  12. Knowledge Elecitation for Factors Affecting Taskforce Productivity using a Questionnaire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muhammad Sohail; Abdur Rashid Khan

    2009-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we present the process of Knowledge Elicitation through a structured questionnaire technique. This is an effort to depict a problem domain as Investigation of factors affecting taskforce productivity. The problem has to be solved using the expert system technology. This problem is the very first step how to acquire knowledge from the domain experts. Knowledge Elicitation is one of the difficult tasks in knowledge base formation which is a key component of expert system. The questionnaire was distributed among 105 different domain experts of Public and Private Organizations (i.e. Education Institutions, Industries and Research etc) in Pakistan. A total 61 responses from these experts were received. All the experts were well qualified, highly experienced and has been remained the members for selection committees a number of times for different posts. Facts acquired were analyzed from which knowledge was extracted and elicited. A standard shape was given to the questionnaire for further research as a knowledge learning tool. This tool may be used as a standard document for selection and promotion of employees.

  13. 838 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON KNOWLEDGE AND DATA ENGINEERING, VOL. 9, NO. 6, NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 1997 QUEM: An Achievement Test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parzen, Michael

    838 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON KNOWLEDGE AND DATA ENGINEERING, VOL. 9, NO. 6, NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 1997 QUEM, performance measures, knowledge engineering, solution quality. -------------------- 3 -------------------- 1: An Achievement Test for Knowledge-Based Systems Caroline C. Hayes, Member, IEEE, and Michael I. Parzen Abstract

  14. Academic Knowledge Transfer in Social Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slater, Mark David

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    4.3 Digital Library Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . 4.43.1.1 Digital Libraries . . . . . . . . . . . .A Prototype Personal Digital Library Knowledge Transfer

  15. D and D Knowledge Management Information Tool - 2012 - 12106

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Upadhyay, H.; Lagos, L.; Quintero, W.; Shoffner, P. [Applied Research Center, Florida International University, Miami. FL 33174 (United States); DeGregory, J. [Office of D and D and Facility Engineering, Environmental Management, Department of Energy (United States)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deactivation and decommissioning (D and D) work is a high priority activity across the Department of Energy (DOE) complex. Subject matter specialists (SMS) associated with the different ALARA (As-Low-As-Reasonably-Achievable) Centers, DOE sites, Energy Facility Contractors Group (EFCOG) and the D and D community have gained extensive knowledge and experience over the years in the cleanup of the legacy waste from the Manhattan Project. To prevent the D and D knowledge and expertise from being lost over time from the evolving and aging workforce, DOE and the Applied Research Center (ARC) at Florida International University (FIU) proposed to capture and maintain this valuable information in a universally available and easily usable system. D and D KM-IT provides single point access to all D and D related activities through its knowledge base. It is a community driven system. D and D KM-IT makes D and D knowledge available to the people who need it at the time they need it and in a readily usable format. It uses the World Wide Web as the primary source for content in addition to information collected from subject matter specialists and the D and D community. It brings information in real time through web based custom search processes and its dynamic knowledge repository. Future developments include developing a document library, providing D and D information access on mobile devices for the Technology module and Hotline, and coordinating multiple subject matter specialists to support the Hotline. The goal is to deploy a high-end sophisticated and secured system to serve as a single large knowledge base for all the D and D activities. The system consolidates a large amount of information available on the web and presents it to users in the simplest way possible. (authors)

  16. MASTER OF TECHNOLOGY IN KNOWLEDGE ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Sanjay

    MASTER OF TECHNOLOGY IN KNOWLEDGE ENGINEERING Become a Leader & INNOVATORin INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS treatment options. The Master of Technology in Knowledge Engineering will equip you with the skills) in Knowledge Engineering (KE) draws on the rich resources of the Institute of Systems Science (ISS

  17. IAI : Knowledge Representation John A. Bullinaria, 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bullinaria, John

    is a Knowledge Representation? 3. Requirements of a Knowledge Representation 4. Practical Aspects of Good5-5 Practical Aspects of Good Representations In practice, the theoretical requirements for good Dictionary provides as good a definition as any: knowledge, nolij, n. assured belief; that which is known

  18. Category 1: Epistemology (EPIST) Scientific knowledge is the most objective form of knowledge.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cobern, William W.

    ) Science helps develop our natural resources such as coal, gas, oil, and solar energy. Scientific knowledge today because of scientific knowledge. The development of our natural resources, such as coal, gas, oil knowledge is the truest form of knowledge. Alpha = 0.7475 Category 2: Scientific & the Economy (ECON

  19. A study of learning performance of e-learning materials design with knowledge maps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ouhyoung, Ming

    Information Security Project ING Information Security Project Microsoft e-learning Materials Project Microsoft e-learning Materials Project Knowledge MapsKnowledge Maps 66 Materials and Methods for Information-based e-learning materials 1616 Conclusion · Research topics elicited from projects. · Extended

  20. On Axiomatic Products of PDL and S5: Substitution, Tests and Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Renate A.

    On Axiomatic Products of PDL and S5: Substitution, Tests and Knowledge #3; Renate A. Schmidt-agent systems. In computer science applications, the modal logic S5 is generally accepted as an adequate representation of the no- tion of knowledge. For example, in agent based applications the S5 formula #3;' can

  1. IMPACTS OF OIL AND NATURAL GAS ON PRAIRIE GROUSE: CURRENT KNOWLEDGE AND RESEARCH NEEDS1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beck, Jeffrey L.

    IMPACTS OF OIL AND NATURAL GAS ON PRAIRIE GROUSE: CURRENT KNOWLEDGE AND RESEARCH NEEDS1 Jeffrey L and natural gas development on grouse populations and habitats. The purpose of this review is to summarize current knowledge on the effects of oil and gas development and production on prairie grouse based

  2. Boundary spanning, knowledge dynamics and emerging innovation systems early lessons from nanotechnology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    nanotechnology DIME Workshop "Industrial innovation dynamics and knowledge characteristics, exploring systems. Using nanotechnology as a case the paper focuses on analysing boundary spanning effects to capture possible changes in the knowledge base and search modes related to the rise of nanotechnology

  3. M.S. ABDULLAH, I. BENEST, A. EVANS, and C. KIMBLE, Knowledge Modelling Techniques For Developing Knowledge Management Systems, 3rd European Conference on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimble, Chris

    modelling, knowledge management, knowledge management system, knowledge, knowledge engineering. 1M.S. ABDULLAH, I. BENEST, A. EVANS, and C. KIMBLE, Knowledge Modelling Techniques For Developing Knowledge Management Systems, 3rd European Conference on Knowledge Management, Dublin, Ireland, September

  4. Data structures and apparatuses for representing knowledge

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hohimer, Ryan E; Thomson, Judi R; Harvey, William J; Paulson, Patrick R; Whiting, Mark A; Tratz, Stephen C; Chappell, Alan R; Butner, Robert S

    2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Data structures and apparatuses to represent knowledge are disclosed. The processes can comprise labeling elements in a knowledge signature according to concepts in an ontology and populating the elements with confidence values. The data structures can comprise knowledge signatures stored on computer-readable media. The knowledge signatures comprise a matrix structure having elements labeled according to concepts in an ontology, wherein the value of the element represents a confidence that the concept is present in an information space. The apparatus can comprise a knowledge representation unit having at least one ontology stored on a computer-readable medium, at least one data-receiving device, and a processor configured to generate knowledge signatures by comparing datasets obtained by the data-receiving devices to the ontologies.

  5. Hydrothermal Exploration Best Practices and Geothermal Knowledge...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    on Openei Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Hydrothermal Exploration Best Practices and Geothermal Knowledge Exchange on Openei...

  6. Central Characterization Program (CCP), Acceptable Knowledge...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    for Los Alamos National Laboratory, TA-55 Mixed Transuranic Waste Streams Central Characterization Program (CCP), Acceptable Knowledge Summary Report for Los Alamos National...

  7. Knowledge Discovery Overview Brian Worley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiaorui "Ray"

    networks Modeling & Simulation · Discrete-event · Agent-based · Emergence · Real-time · Large, sensor, and cybersecurity data Do not be another data archival provider ­ ORNL can provide services

  8. Multimedia Knowledge Integration, Summarization and Evaluation Ana B. Benitez

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Shih-Fu

    Multimedia Knowledge Integration, Summarization and Evaluation Ana B. Benitez Department multimedia knowledge. These are essential for multimedia applications to efficiently and coherently deal with multimedia knowledge at different abstraction levels such as perceptual and semantic knowledge (e.g., image

  9. Learning Energy Demand Domain Knowledge via Feature Transformation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Povinelli, Richard J.

    Learning Energy Demand Domain Knowledge via Feature Transformation Sanzad Siddique Department -- Domain knowledge is an essential factor for forecasting energy demand. This paper introduces a method knowledge substantially improves energy demand forecasting accuracy. However, domain knowledge may differ

  10. Fostering continuous innovation in design with an integrated knowledge management approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, J; Caillaud, Emmanuel; Gardoni, Mickaël; 10.1016/j.compind.2010.12.005

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the global competition, companies are propelled by an immense pressure to innovate. The trend to produce more new knowledge-intensive products or services and the rapid progress of information technologies arouse huge interest on knowledge management for innovation. However the strategy of knowledge management is not widely adopted for innovation in industries due to a lack of an effective approach of their integration. This study aims to help the designers to innovate more efficiently based on an integrated approach of knowledge management. Based on this integrated approach, a prototype of distributed knowledge management system for innovation is developed. An industrial application is presented and its initial results indicate the applicability of the approach and the prototype in practice.

  11. An Investigation into the Role of Implicit Knowledge in Adult Second Language Acquisition 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard Cook, Anna

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis investigates the role of implicit knowledge in second language acquisition, presenting five experiments and related simulations based on artificial grammar learning. It examines whether second language learners ...

  12. The impact of an environmental education program on third graders' knowledge, attitudes and behavioral intentions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vadala, Carin Elizabeth

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to measure whether an after-school environmental education program based on modified Project Wild materials, positively impacted third graders environmental knowledge, attitudes and behavioral intentions. Eight lesson...

  13. Reshaping rural development through knowledge clusters : the case of Danville and Southside, Virginia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierson, Andrew Stuart (Andrew Drew Stuart)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines challenges and implications associated with implementing knowledge-based economic development strategies in rural regions, focusing on the City of Danville in Southside Virginia. In 2000, Danville ...

  14. Extraction of Contextual Knowledge and Ambiguity Handling for Ontology in Virtual Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hyun Soo

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    generates scene ontology without prior knowledge and human intervention. As an intermediate process, a new and effective fuzzy color-based over-segmentation method is suggested. The second method generates virtual ontology with 3D information using multi...

  15. A Structural-Lexical Measure of Semantic Similarity for Geo-Knowledge Graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ballatore, Andrea; Bertolotto, Michela; Wilson, David C

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    space. Synth. Lect. Semant. Web Theory Technol. 2011, 1, 1–volunteered open geo-knowledge bases in the semantic web. InIssues in the Management of Web Information; Pasi, G. ,

  16. Socio-cognitive analysis of engineering systems design : shared knowledge, process, and product

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avnet, Mark Sean

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research is based on the well-known but seldom stated premise that the design of complex engineered systems is done by people -- each with their own knowledge, thoughts, and views about the system being designed. To ...

  17. A Knowledge-Engine Architecture for a Competence Management Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimble, Chris

    A Knowledge-Engine Architecture for a Competence Management Information System José Braga de to develop a knowledge-engine architecture that is being specified and developed by a Portuguese software Engineering, Knowledge Management, Knowledge-Engine, Ontology Design, Organizational Knowledge #12;A Knowledge-Engine

  18. Applied knowledge to meet society's needs.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langendoen, Koen

    Applied knowledge to meet society's needs. Applied Physics covers phenomena ranging from knowledge and hands-on experience in experimental techniques, theoretical analysis, simulation and modelling of radiation. The focus of the research is on energy and health. While the topics addressed ­ covering

  19. Knowledge Framework Implementation with Multiple Architectures - 13090

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Upadhyay, H.; Lagos, L.; Quintero, W.; Shoffner, P. [Applied Research Center, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33174 (United States)] [Applied Research Center, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33174 (United States); DeGregory, J. [Office of D and D and Facility Engineering, Environmental Management, Department of Energy (United States)] [Office of D and D and Facility Engineering, Environmental Management, Department of Energy (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Multiple kinds of knowledge management systems are operational in public and private enterprises, large and small organizations with a variety of business models that make the design, implementation and operation of integrated knowledge systems very difficult. In recent days, there has been a sweeping advancement in the information technology area, leading to the development of sophisticated frameworks and architectures. These platforms need to be used for the development of integrated knowledge management systems which provides a common platform for sharing knowledge across the enterprise, thereby reducing the operational inefficiencies and delivering cost savings. This paper discusses the knowledge framework and architecture that can be used for the system development and its application to real life need of nuclear industry. A case study of deactivation and decommissioning (D and D) is discussed with the Knowledge Management Information Tool platform and framework. D and D work is a high priority activity across the Department of Energy (DOE) complex. Subject matter specialists (SMS) associated with DOE sites, the Energy Facility Contractors Group (EFCOG) and the D and D community have gained extensive knowledge and experience over the years in the cleanup of the legacy waste from the Manhattan Project. To prevent the D and D knowledge and expertise from being lost over time from the evolving and aging workforce, DOE and the Applied Research Center (ARC) at Florida International University (FIU) proposed to capture and maintain this valuable information in a universally available and easily usable system. (authors)

  20. Knowledge representation in process engineering Ulrike Sattler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baader, Franz

    Knowledge representation in process engineering Ulrike Sattler RWTH Aachen, uli, the tasks we are concerned with in process engineering are described as well as how knowledge representation@cantor.informatik.rwth­aachen.de Abstract Process engineering is surely no pure con­ figuration application, but modeling the structure

  1. OBJECTIVES OF THE EDINBURGH KNOWLEDGE ENVIRONMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    OBJECTIVES OF THE EDINBURGH KNOWLEDGE ENVIRONMENT PARTNERSHIP The University of Edinburgh, Heriot and natural environment. The Edinburgh Knowledge Environment Partnership will thus provide a unique research between key stakeholders in the built and natural environment and to reach out in assisting

  2. A Product Software Knowledge Infrastructure for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    1 A Product Software Knowledge Infrastructure for Situational Capability Maturation: Vision and Case Studies in Product Management Inge van de Weerd, Johan Versendaal and Sjaak Brinkkemper Department-3275 #12;2 A Product Software Knowledge Infrastructure for Situational Capability Maturation: Vision

  3. A knowledge of the potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sali, Andrej

    is as important for understanding protein folding as is the potential surface for the H H2 reaction. estimated to protein folding, in which thousands of atoms take part. The under- standing of a reaction is based of experimental developments and theoretical advances.[1] By contrast, protein folding is so complex that even

  4. KNOWLEDGE WEB: REALISING THE SEMANTIC WEB... ALL THE WAY TO KNOWLEDGE ENHANCED MULTIMEDIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    KNOWLEDGE WEB: REALISING THE SEMANTIC WEB... ALL THE WAY TO KNOWLEDGE ENHANCED MULTIMEDIA DOCUMENTS benefit knowledge-enhanced multimedia applications. 1. Introduction The current World Wide Web (WWW) is without some pre-existing, human- created agreements outside the web. This applies to multimedia documents

  5. A knowledge based approach to preliminary highway bridge design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodward, Richard Dean

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    behaves like a beam which is continuously supported over the columns. The depth of the bent 30 Length Width Bent Cap Height Column diameter Column spacing Co lumn spacing FIG. 10. Typical Bent cap depends on the column spacing and the applied... LIST OF TABLES TABLE 1. Current ES Technology . Page 2. Standard Precast Prestressed Concrete 1-Beams 25 3. Maximum Center to Center Beam Spacing 26 4. Column Spacing vs. Bent Cap Depth 5. Standard Column Sizes 6. AASHTO Live Load Reduction...

  6. Knowledge-based stratigraphic well-log correlation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denton, Michael A.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    correlated higher ranking strata. Thus, higher ranking correlations provide heuristics for lower ranking correlations. The system represents strata by symbols from a set of standard symbols which include peaks, troughs, and steps. Symbols replace events.... The zone attributes abstracted from the well-log include the following: interval, lithology ? classified as shale or non-shale, zone position, general zone shape, thickness, average amplitude, zone above name, and zone below name. Thus, the expert system...

  7. A framework for knowledge-based team training

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Michael Scott

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Teamwork is crucial to many disciplines, from activities such as organized sports to economic and military organizations. Team training is difficult and as yet there are few automated tools to assist in the training task. As with the training...

  8. Mapping Data to Higher-Order Description Logic Knowledge Bases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Giacomo, Giuseppe

    and the elements of the ontology. Several OBDA projects have been carried out in the last years [9], and OBDA sys that they are mutually disjoint. Table T-Cars, on the other #12;T-CarTypes Code TypeName T1 Coup´e T2 SUV T3 Sedan T4

  9. An Argument for Knowledge Variety in Evidence-Based Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martelli, Peter Fabrizio

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hansonian and Harmonian Abduction as Models of Discovery. ”also known as abduction, is a form of inference originatingthe case. Hansonian abduction 12 is a mode of inference that

  10. A KNOWLEDGE BASE FOR JUSTIFIED INFORMATION SECURITY DECISION-MAKING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

    Information Security Officer (CISO) within an organisation to ensure that such information is adequately protected. External standards exist to advise CISOs on how to secure infor- mation insecure employee behaviour. CISOs require more information than they are currently provided

  11. A KNOWLEDGE FORMALISATION AND AGGREGATION-BASED METHOD FOR THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    concerning other failure modes are provided. An application of the method for monitoring dams through time costs, in significant loss of water in dams, and in traffic restrictions on bridges; · failures that can cause dramatic events such as a dam failure or a bridge collapse. These concerns have produced a rapid

  12. Hypertext as a debugging tool for knowledge-based systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schuette, John Frederick

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . An AIN 14. An example ALN. 38 39 15. Agenda and rule interconnections. 16. Fact and rule interconnections. . . 41 42 17. Outline of network generation. . 18. Graph of mean task completion times. 19. Graph of mean idle times. 20. Ratio of mental...'s processing, or consultation, is called the recognize-act cycle. For each cycle, it builds an agenda of eligible rule instances that could fire in the current cycle. The agenda is called the conflict set in some systems. The pseudocode for a general...

  13. An object-oriented, knowledge-based aircraft approach controller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lass, Steven Lee

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The research for the thesis was performed by Steven Lee Lass in pursuit of a Master of Science degree in Electrical Engineering. The objective of this research was to develop an approach system for an aircraft using fuzzy control. The approach...

  14. A Probabilistic Active Knowledge Base Architecture for Observational Data Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hazas, Mike

    a decision support system to manage environment and urban water sys- tems [1]. User objectives with new urban development supporting the concept of water sensitive urban design The project parameters that the management system must support are: · Quantify the impact of current and historical land uses causing

  15. A graphical user interface for knowledge-based control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Paul Joseph

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to the runway. The beacons are called outer, middle, and inner by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). Their distances to the runway are 4. 5 nautical miles, 2800 feet, and 1000 feet, respectively. The marker's purpose is to give another reference.... The application is a graphical user interface for a simulated Boeing-737 flight management system. All research uses the Eiffel programming language. This research is supported, in part, by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Langley Research...

  16. Knowledge organization tool: a supercard-based system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Buijtenen, Cindy M.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Description card. 6 Rule Content card. 7 Characteristic card. Page 29 30 31 33 34 35 36 8 Graphics card. 9 Examples card. 10 Reference card. 11 Window buttons. 37 38 39 40 12 List of existing links to the selected window. 13 Arrow buttons.... 14 Zoom buttons. 41 42 43 15 Card linked by the Zoom button. 16 Index button and displayed listing of cards. 17 File menu and Edit menu. 18 New menu and Delete menu. 43 45 46 19 Mapping menu, Palette menu, and Objects menu. 20...

  17. An Argument for Knowledge Variety in Evidence-Based Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martelli, Peter Fabrizio

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    P. (1999). “Complexity Theory and Organization Science. ”Eds. ) Handbook of Organization Theory and Management: Thein Health Care Organization Theory. San Francisco: Jossey-

  18. Knowledge based process planning system for electronic assembly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sabapathy, Arvindh

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the necessary information for the production planning process that follows. 1. 1. 3 Scheduling of Flexible Flow Lines A flexible flow line consists of several banks of identical machines. Several types of products are produced each day. Parts flow from bank... PART DETAILS COMP. LIST LAYOUT SIZE CANDIDATE MACHINES FOR EACH COMPONENT I e. ALTERNATE ROUTES PROCESS TIMES PROCESS PLANNING RELATEDNESS WEEKLY DEMANDS FINALISED ROUTE FOR EACH PART PRODUCTION PLANNING DAILY PRODUC11ON MIX SEQUENCING...

  19. Active and Knowledge-based Process Safety Incident Retrieval System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Sara Shammni

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    . Importance plot for the word ?overpressure? .................................................. 31 Figure 14. Importance plot for the binary categorical variable ?Release? ....................... 32 Figure 15. Importance plot for the word ?release... database with its unique guided search system and modern information retrieval techniques and linking it with operational software would provide a powerful tool and would improve safety and hence reduce costs. 4 2. BACKGROUND 2...

  20. http://www.isr.uci.edu/ Knowledge-based Architectural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Georgas, John

    autonomously change in response to dynamic conditions: Behavior, property, environment, etc. Architecture sensor nodes. Connector (C1) Battery Monitor (M) Monitors battery levels and emits notifications. Data: Sensor Network Re-Transmission Data Receiver (R) Receives data from sensor nodes. Connector (C1) Battery

  1. Active and Knowledge-based Process Safety Incident Retrieval System 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Sara Shammni

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The sustainability and continued development of the chemical industry is to a large extent dependent on learning from past incidents. The failure to learn from past mistakes is rather not deliberate but due to unawareness ...

  2. KNOWLEDGE-BASED SYSTEMS AND THE INTERNET: A FUTURE PERSPECTIVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amor, Robert

    some view-points on what the future (both near and far) may hold for the construction industry that better management of them is a necessity. Some commentators hold that the amount of data doubles every 20-media and would store, manipulate and communicate all of these. ConstructionInformaticsDigitalLibraryhttp://itc

  3. Putting People's Common Sense into Knowledge Bases of Household Robots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cremers, Daniel

    , and Michael Beetz Intelligent Autonomous Systems Group Department of Informatics Technische Universität München {kunzel,tenorth,beetz}@in.tum.de Abstract. Unlike people, household robots cannot rely

  4. WEB-BASED RESOURCES ENHANCE HYDROGEN SAFETY KNOWLEDGE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weiner, Steven C.; Fassbender, Linda L.; Blake, Chad; Aceves, Salvador; Somerday, Brian P.; Ruiz, Antonio

    2013-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy’s Fuel Cell Technologies Program addresses key technical challenges and institutional barriers facing the development and deployment of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies with the goal of decreasing dependence on oil, reducing carbon emissions and enabling reliable power generation. The Safety, Codes & Standards program area seeks to develop and implement the practices and procedures that will ensure safety in the operation, handling and use of hydrogen and hydrogen systems for all projects and utilize these practices and lessons learned to promote the safe use of hydrogen. Enabling the development of codes and standards for the safe use of hydrogen in energy applications and facilitating the development and harmonization of international codes and standards are integral to this work.

  5. A Combined Doctrine of Knowledge for Plato

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laidlaw-Johnson, E. A.

    describes the soul as a long-lived thing that wears out several short-lived bodies much as a person wears out several coats in a life time (Ph. 87d). While this soul/body distinction will aid in our understanding of knowledge, it is the soul...—a man's recollection of a single piece of knowledge. The characterizations of learning in the Phaedo and Meno are compatible with the theory of knowledge via recollection-the doctrine introduced in the Meno. Gearly, both the Phaedo and Meno accounts...

  6. Toward the 24-Hour Knowledge Factory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Amar

    2004-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The term 24-Hour Knowledge Factory connotes a globally distributed work environment in which members of the global team work on a project around the clock; each member of the team works the normal workday hours that pertain ...

  7. Toward the 24-Hour Knowledge Factory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Amar

    2004-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The term 24-Hour Knowledge Factory connotes a globally distributed work environment in which members of the global team work on a project around the clock; each member of the team works the normal workday ...

  8. Explicit Evidence Systems with Common Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sola, Rolf Haenni

    Explicit Evidence Systems with Common Knowledge Samuel Bucheli, Roman Kuznets, and Thomas Studer Institut f¨ur Informatik und angewandte Mathematik, Universit¨at Bern Bern, Switzerland { bucheli, kuznets

  9. Speech production knowledge in automatic speech recognition 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, Simon; Frankel, Joe; Livescu, Karen; McDermott, Erik; Richmond, Korin; Wester, Mirjam

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although much is known about how speech is produced, and research into speech production has resulted in measured articulatory data, feature systems of different kinds and numerous models, speech production knowledge is almost totally ignored...

  10. Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Practice Notes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Novak, Petra Kralj

    1 Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Practice Notes Petra Kralj Novak Petra.Kralj.Novak@ijs.si and exam · 2013/1/15: Written exam, seminar proposal discussion · 2013/2/12: Data mining seminar

  11. Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Practice Notes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Novak, Petra Kralj

    1 Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Practice Notes Petra Kralj Novak Petra.Kralj.Novak@ijs.si on Weka 3: Descriptive data mining ­ Discussion about seminars and exam · 2013/12/16: Written exam

  12. DesignMinders: Preserving and Sharing Informal Software Design Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Hoek, André

    DesignMinders: Preserving and Sharing Informal Software Design Knowledge Gerald Bortis and André knowledge. For example, knowledge management systems that allow developers to populate and search, andre}@ics.uci.edu Abstract. Software design is a knowledge-intensive activity. Knowledge is both

  13. Born to be Wild: Using Communities of Practice as a Tool for Knowledge Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chanal, Valérie

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper looks at what happens when Communities of Practice are used as a tool for Knowledge Management. The original concept of a Community of Practice appears to have very little in common with the knowledge sharing communities found in Knowledge Management, which are based on a revised view of 'cultivated' communities. We examine the risks and benefits of cultivating Communities of Practice rather than leaving them 'in the wild'. The paper presents the findings from two years of research in a small microelectronics firm to provide some insights into the wild vs domesticated dichotomy and discusses the implications of attempting to tame Communities of Practice in this way.

  14. Knowledge-to-Action Guides: Preparing Families to Be Partners in Making Educational Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turnbull, Ann P.; Zuna, Nina; Hong, Joo Young; Hu, Xiaoyi; Kyzar, Kathleen; Obremski, Shea; Summers, Jean Ann; Turnbull, H. Rutherford; Stowe, Matthew J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    parents become experts in special education, and help make good decisions about their children's education programs? Knowledge to action (KTA) guides are one resource, providing families access to top tier knowledge on evidence- based practice... Coordination Providing Emotional Snppoil to Families Through Parent to Parent Programs Video in English and Spajiish Parent quotes/action steps from Community of Practice 4 family stories 4 stale education department family- friendly guides 3 family stories...

  15. An Ontological Schema for Sharing Conceptual Engineering Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mizoguchi, Riichiro

    An Ontological Schema for Sharing Conceptual Engineering Knowledge Yoshinobu Kitamura and Riichiro have been suffering the difficulty in sharing conceptual engineering knowledge about functionality. Introduction In the engineering design community, the importance of knowledge sharing among designers has been

  16. Capturing and Using Knowledge about the Use of Visualization Toolkits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Del Rio, Nicholas R.; Pinheiro da Silva, Paulo

    2012-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    When constructing visualization pipelines using toolkits such as Visualization Toolkit (VTK) and Generic Mapping Tools (GMT), developers must understand (1) what toolkit operators will transform their data from its raw state to some required view state and (2) what viewers are available to present the generated view. Traditionally, developers learn about how to construct visualization pipelines by reading documentation and inspecting code examples, which can be costly in terms of the time and effort expended. Once an initial pipeline is constructed, developers may still have to undergo a trial and error process before a satisfactory visualization is generated. This paper presents the Visualization Knowledge Project (VisKo) that is built on a knowledge base of visualization toolkit operators and how they can be piped together to form visualization pipelines. Developers may now rely on VisKo to guide them when constructing visualization pipelines and in some cases, when VisKo has complete knowledge about some set of operators (i.e., sequencing and parameter settings), automatically generate a fully functional visualization pipeline.

  17. Explicit Evidence Systems with Common Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bucheli, Samuel; Studer, Thomas

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Justification logics are epistemic logics that explicitly include justifications for the agents' knowledge. We develop a multi-agent justification logic with evidence terms for individual agents as well as for common knowledge. We define a Kripke-style semantics that is similar to Fitting's semantics for the Logic of Proofs LP. We show the soundness, completeness, and finite model property of our multi-agent justification logic with respect to this Kripke-style semantics. We demonstrate that our logic is a conservative extension of Yavorskaya's minimal bimodal explicit evidence logic, which is a two-agent version of LP. We discuss the relationship of our logic to the multi-agent modal logic S4 with common knowledge. Finally, we give a brief analysis of the coordinated attack problem in the newly developed language of our logic.

  18. The Machinery of Knowledge: An Ontology-Registry for a Geospatial Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stock, Kristin

    1 The Machinery of Knowledge: An Ontology-Registry for a Geospatial Knowledge Infrastructure for Geospatial Science, University of Nottingham, UK 2 Allworlds Geothinking, UK 3 EDINA, UK 4 Cardiff University *Corresponding author: Centre for Geospatial Science, School of Geography, University of Nottingham, NG7 2RD, UK

  19. The Varieties of Self-Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kabeshkin, Anton Sergeevich

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    to it. In particular, drawing from the works of G.E.M. Anscombe5 and Kieran Setiya,6 I will attempt to link it with the so-called ?knowledge how.? However, this suggested link will have only the hypothetical status, and I will raise some problems...

  20. Removed Barriers: 3.32 Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabrikant, Sara Irina

    Students Average Values from Entry and Exit Surveys for Participants in 2006 Workshops ENTRY 1 BarriersResults EXIT 2 Removed Barriers: 3.32 Knowledge 3.67 GIS 3.46 Data Access 3.68 Software Use 3

  1. Proof of Proximity of Knowledge Serge Vaudenay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ://lasec.epfl.ch Abstract. Public-key distance bounding schemes are needed to defeat relay attacks in payment systems. So far, only two such schemes exist, but fail to fully protect against malicious provers. In this paper. Like proofs of knowledge, these protocols must satisfy completeness, soundness (protection

  2. Formalizing Information Security Knowledge Stefan Fenz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Formalizing Information Security Knowledge Stefan Fenz Vienna University of Technology Vienna ontology which provides an on- tological structure for information security domain knowl- edge. Besides of the considered organization is incorporated. An evaluation conducted by an information security expert team has

  3. `KNOWLEDGE AND VIRTUE: RESPONSE TO KELP'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edinburgh, University of

    1 `KNOWLEDGE AND VIRTUE: RESPONSE TO KELP' DUNCAN PRITCHARD University of Edinburgh In a very interesting paper, `Pritchard on Virtue Epistemology', Christoph Kelp argues that my recent critique ability). In particular, RVE does not involve any appeal to an anti-luck condition.2 As Kelp makes clear

  4. The Life Sciences and Knowledge for a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and environmental monitoring and assessment 2009­2012 #12;1SLU's strategy for research, education and environmental, education and environmental monitoring and assessment The Life Sciences and Knowledge for a Sustainable Future SLU's strategy for research, education and environmental monitoring and assessment 2009­2012 #12

  5. Global Emergence of Frontier Knowledge November 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamamoto, Hirosuke

    , Infrastructure, Medical and Biologi- cal Engineering, Mineral Resources, Nano Physics, SustainabilityGlobal Emergence of Frontier Knowledge November 2013 Nov. 7th U.Católica (Casa Central) 09:00 Doors, Culture & Body, Earthquakes, Tsunami & Volcanoes, Element & Material Sciences, Food Resource

  6. Report on the project Building knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Report on the project Building knowledge To build citizens To build cities UPF CAMPUS ICÀRIA INTERNATIONAL PROJECT 2010 International Campus of Excellence Programme #12;UPF CAMPUS ICÀRIA INTERNATIONAL version of this document can be found at: www.upf.edu/icaria UPF CAMPUS ICÀRIA INTERNATIONAL PROJECT

  7. Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Practice Notes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Novak, Petra Kralj

    1 Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Practice Notes dr. Petra Kralj Novak Petra.Kralj.Novak@ijs.si and exam · 2013/12/16: Written exam, seminar proposal discussion · 2014/1/8: Data mining seminar gain becomes the root 7. Divide the set S into subsets Si according to the values of A 8. Repeat steps

  8. Data Mining and Knowledge Petra Kralj Novak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Novak, Petra Kralj

    1 Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery Petra Kralj Novak Petra.Kralj.Novak@ijs.si 2011/11/08 #12 in Weka ­ Discussion about seminars and exam ­ Hands on Weka 3 · 2011/12/20: Written exam, seminar. Divide the set S into subsets Si according to the values of A 8. Repeat steps 1-7 on each Si Test

  9. WEB OF KNOWLEDGE --WEB OF SCIENCE--

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yih-Min

    WEB OF KNOWLEDGE --WEB OF SCIENCE-- #12; Web of Science (SCIE, SSCI, AHCI) EndNote Journal Citation Reports (JCR) Essential Science Indicators (ESI) ResearcherID.com #12;WEB OF SCIENCE ? · · · · EndNoteweb Copyright © 2009 Shou Ray Information Service Co., Ltd #12;Web of Science

  10. Prediction Markets Partition model of knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fiat, Amos

    Prediction Markets Partition model of knowledge Distributed information markets Convergence time bounds Computational Aspects of Prediction Markets David M. Pennock and Rahul Sami December 5, 2012 Presented by: Rami Eitan David M. Pennock and Rahul Sami Computational Aspects of Prediction Markets #12

  11. Semantic Knowledge Management for Education Andrea Kohlhase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kohlhase, Michael

    Semantic Knowledge Management for Education Andrea Kohlhase Dept. of Mathematics and Computer.kohlhase@jacobs-university.de Abstract `Semantic technologies' are touted as the next big wave in Educational Technology notions e.g. of `seman- tics', yielding specific problems in their interplay. In this paper we take a look

  12. A SAGA OF KNOWLEDGE Table of Contents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charette, André

    The University moves out of the Latin Quarter onto Mount Royal, into a new building designed by architect Ernest, was a landmark in the annals of Francophone philanthropy. This report reflects the winds of renewal coursing teaching and lively student life. Ours is a saga of knowledge such has rarely unfolded in North America

  13. Alerts in BIOSIS Previews via ISI Web of Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    Alerts in BIOSIS Previews® via ISI Web of Knowledge The alerting capability in ISI Web of Knowledge research. This powerful feature is accessible via the ISI Web of Knowledge homepage, where you can log on emailing of search results, follow these steps: 1. Sign in to ISI Web of Knowledge via the link on the ISI

  14. Knowledge Engineering for non-Engineers Tatiana Gavrilova

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Knowledge Engineering for non-Engineers Tatiana Gavrilova Graduate School of Management - Saint be interesting for the knowledge engineering research and practicising community. KEYWORDS: knowledge engineering-233" DOI : 10.1007/978-3-642-16327-2_28 #12;2 Knowledge Engineering for non-Engineers is one

  15. Applying Semantic Web Technologies to Knowledge Sharing in Aerospace Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciravegna, Fabio

    Applying Semantic Web Technologies to Knowledge Sharing in Aerospace Engineering A.-S. Dadzie , R. This paper details an integrated methodology to optimise Knowledge reuse and sharing, illustrated with a use of Knowledge from legacy documents via automated means, or directly in systems interfacing with Knowledge

  16. November, 1994 Page 1 MEASURING THE VALUE OF KNOWLEDGE 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich, Yoram

    ). The study of knowledge valuation methods is also motivated by more immediate reasons. The first and most general motivation is related to education and knowledge acquisition: Knowledge valuation methods can help is methodological: Knowledge valuation methods can support the evaluation of systems developed in research

  17. Implementation Plan for the Office of Nuclear Energy Knowledge Management Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kimberlyn C. Mousseau

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary purpose of the Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) Knowledge Management (KM) Program is to capture, share, disseminate, and ensure the ability to apply the knowledge created by the major nuclear energy Research and Development (R&D) programs. In support of the KM program, the Implementation Plan for the Office of NE KM Program outlines the knowledge management and distributed data environment that is required for its success. In addition to enumerating some strategic goals and objectives, this document characterizes the initial program and identifies computer-based areas of investment required for increased knowledge sharing and collaboration. It identifies and addresses investments already in existence and describes how these investments can be further enhanced and implemented to support a distributed KM program. The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is leading the effort to identify and address these investments through the implementation of a distributed KM program that includes participants from ten of the major DOE national laboratories.

  18. In Proc. of the 14th International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management EKAW 2004, to appear.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mizoguchi, Riichiro

    In Proc. of the 14th International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management. Functionality is one of the key concepts in understanding an artifact and in engineering domain knowledge. Although the importance of sharing of engineering knowledge in industry has been widely recognized, from

  19. City Knowledge Patterns: A standard for Smart City Knowledge management Nooshin Allahyari, Mark S. Fox, and Michael Gruninger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    City Knowledge Patterns: A standard for Smart City Knowledge management Nooshin Allahyari, Mark S in recogniz- ing knowledge requirements of city government. This model, which we denote as City Knowledge category of the city government, and is comprised of a set of inter-relate concepts and attributes

  20. Knowledge Discovery, Knowledge Management and Enterprise-Wide Information Technology Tools Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patton, Robert M [ORNL; Symons, Christopher T [ORNL; Gorman, Bryan L [ORNL; Treadwell, Jim N [ORNL

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A final report on an ORNL task to establish a knowledge discovery and management tool to retrieve and recommend information from existing S&T documents for the Office of Naval Research Global.

  1. Inverse diffusion from knowledge of power densities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bal, Guillaume; Monard, Francois; Triki, Faouzi

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper concerns the reconstruction of a diffusion coefficient in an elliptic equation from knowledge of several power densities. The power density is the product of the diffusion coefficient with the square of the modulus of the gradient of the elliptic solution. The derivation of such internal functionals comes from perturbing the medium of interest by acoustic (plane) waves, which results in small changes in the diffusion coefficient. After appropriate asymptotic expansions and (Fourier) transformation, this allow us to construct the power density of the equation point-wise inside the domain. Such a setting finds applications in ultrasound modulated electrical impedance tomography and ultrasound modulated optical tomography. We show that the diffusion coefficient can be uniquely and stably reconstructed from knowledge of a sufficient large number of power densities. Explicit expressions for the reconstruction of the diffusion coefficient are also provided. Such results hold for a large class of boundary...

  2. Surgeons' Knowledge and Practices Regarding the Role of Radiation Therapy in Breast Cancer Management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Jessica [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Griffith, Kent A. [Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Hawley, Sarah T.; Zikmund-Fisher, Brian J. [Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Janz, Nancy K. [Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Sabel, Michael S. [Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Katz, Steven J. [Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Jagsi, Reshma, E-mail: rjagsi@med.umich.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Population-based studies suggest underuse of radiation therapy, especially after mastectomy. Because radiation oncology is a referral-based specialty, knowledge and attitudes of upstream providers, specifically surgeons, may influence patients' decisions regarding radiation, including whether it is even considered. Therefore, we sought to evaluate surgeons' knowledge of pertinent risk information, their patterns of referral, and the correlates of surgeon knowledge and referral in specific breast cancer scenarios. Methods and Materials: We surveyed a national sample of 750 surgeons, with a 67% response rate. We analyzed responses from those who had seen at least 1 breast cancer patient in the past year (n=403), using logistic regression models to identify correlates of knowledge and appropriate referral. Results: Overall, 87% of respondents were general surgeons, and 64% saw >10 breast cancer patients in the previous year. In a scenario involving a 45-year-old undergoing lumpectomy, only 45% correctly estimated the risk of locoregional recurrence without radiation therapy, but 97% would refer to radiation oncology. In a patient with 2 of 20 nodes involved after mastectomy, 30% would neither refer to radiation oncology nor provide accurate information to make radiation decisions. In a patient with 4 of 20 nodes involved after mastectomy, 9% would not refer to radiation oncology. Fewer than half knew that the Oxford meta-analysis revealed a survival benefit from radiation therapy after lumpectomy (45%) or mastectomy (32%). Only 16% passed a 7-item knowledge test; female and more-experienced surgeons were more likely to pass. Factors significantly associated with appropriate referral to radiation oncology included breast cancer volume, tumor board participation, and knowledge. Conclusions: Many surgeons have inadequate knowledge regarding the role of radiation in breast cancer management, especially after mastectomy. Targeted educational interventions may improve the quality of care.

  3. In the networked society people, knowledge, devices,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    . The work will mix theoretical work with simulation evaluations, based on existing or emerging Ericsson vertical positioning component. Furthermore, network based solution requirements are typically tighter indoor. The developed network-based algorithms will be based on various radio network measurements from

  4. Building Knowledge-enabled Cloud Robotics Applications using the Ubiquitous Network Robot Platform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Building Knowledge-enabled Cloud Robotics Applications using the Ubiquitous Network Robot Platform of distributed robotic applications. Our aim is to modularize applications by factoring out environment- , task base that is shared between the robots and service applications. Robot control decisions can

  5. ABDUCTIVE LOGIC PROGRAMMING Abductive Logic Programming is a high level knowledge representation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moraitis, Pavlos

    ABDUCTIVE LOGIC PROGRAMMING Abductive Logic Programming is a high level knowledge representation framework that allows us to solve problems declaratively based on abductive reasoning. It extends normal predicates. Problem solving is effected by deriving hypotheses on these abducible predicates (abductive hy

  6. Integration of Business and Industrial Knowledge on Services to Set Trusted Business Communities of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ones) to define extended business service models, paying a particular attention on "fIntegration of Business and Industrial Knowledge on Services to Set Trusted Business Communities, the European Union promotes clearly internet of services based solutions to support innovative business

  7. Abstract--In the Structuring Nanotechnology Knowledge project, a material-independent platform for supporting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mizoguchi, Riichiro

    New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization) funded national project [1], has been-materials and Products". It is neither a database, nor a set of simulation tools nor a knowledge base received December 31, 2006. This work was supported in part by the Japanese New Energy and Industrial

  8. SEKE2015 Call For Papers The 27th International Conference on Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Haiping

    Software Safety Software Security Software Engineering Case Study and Experience Reports Web-Based ToolsSEKE2015 Call For Papers The 27th International Conference on Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering www.ksi.edu/seke/seke15.html (Alternate website: ksiresearchorg.ipage.com/seke/seke15.html

  9. Zero-knowledge Test of Vector Equivalence and Granulation of User Data with Privacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canny, John

    Zero-knowledge Test of Vector Equivalence and Granulation of User Data with Privacy Yitao Duan architecture and practical protocols for user data validation and vector addition based computation. It turned, in a privacy-preserving manner. They can also be of independent interest for other fields such as data mining

  10. asia current knowledge: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    co-operation sector is beginning to recognise knowledge as a pillar of equitable and sustainable development and to view knowledge sharing as one of the central challenges for...

  11. Automatic Multimedia Knowledge Discovery, Summarization and Evaluation Ana B. Benitez *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fan, Jianping

    Automatic Multimedia Knowledge Discovery, Summarization and Evaluation Ana B. Benitez * Department for automatically discovering, summarizing and evaluating multimedia knowledge from annotated images in the form for applications to intelligently, efficiently and coherently deal with multimedia. The proposed methods include

  12. Savannah River Site Workers Share Knowledge with Students in...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Site Workers Share Knowledge with Students in Engineering Teach-Ins Savannah River Site Workers Share Knowledge with Students in Engineering Teach-Ins March 30, 2015 - 12:00pm...

  13. Trust and Social Practice: an Epistemic Analysis of Organizational Knowledge 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brackin, Maria

    2013-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    epistemology, particularly the Social Epistemology project, ought to be considered in discussions of organizational knowledge. I will defend the idea that social practice is the best way to make philosophical sense of the dynamics of organizational knowledge...

  14. A Data and Knowledge Management System for Intelligent Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, J.; Chen, Z.; Li, H.; Xu, Q.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a novel prototype of lifecycle information management and knowledge utilization of intelligent buildings. There is a comprehensive summary of the types of information and knowledge of intelligent buildings in their lifecycles...

  15. PMI: Knowledge Elicitation and De Bono's Thinking Tools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Easterbrook, Steve

    PMI: Knowledge Elicitation and De Bono's Thinking Tools M-M. Portmann & S. M. Easterbrook School's thinking tools, the PMI (plus - minus - interesting) and built a knowledge elicitation tool for use

  16. Climate Knowledge Brokers Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model, clickInformation SmyrnaNewClayClearSpotYork: EnergyWitham,Knowledge Brokers

  17. Time and Encoding Effects in the Concealed Knowledge Test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seymour, Travis L.; Fraynt, Becky R.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    items). This weapon-focus effect has been demonstrated ina weapon) seem Table 2 Mean concealed knowledge effect on RT

  18. The Monieson Centre www.business.queensu.ca/knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graham, Nick

    About The Monieson Centre www.business.queensu.ca/knowledge Generating Value Through Knowledge wwwWarner-Lambert),The Monieson Centre was established at Queen's School of Business in 1999 to study the management of knowledge." By taking the road not travelled, The Monieson Centre has earned many "firsts."We were the first business

  19. Generic Knowledge Structures for Probabilistic-Network Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Generic Knowledge Structures for Probabilistic-Network Engineering Eveline M. Helsper Linda C. van-CS-2005-014 www.cs.uu.nl #12;Generic Knowledge Structures for Probabilistic-Network Engineering Eveline M of engineering probabilistic networks can be sup- ported by a library of generic knowledge structures

  20. Knowledge representation in process engineering Franz Baader and Ulrike Sattler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baader, Franz

    Knowledge representation in process engineering Franz Baader and Ulrike Sattler RWTH Aachen to represent the relevant process engi­ neering knowledge. The application domain Process engineering knowledge engineer), and not automatically in­ ferred from the definition of the class. As the complexity

  1. A KNOWLEDGE ENGINEERING APPROACH TO NATURAL LANGUAGE UNDERSTANDING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Stuart C.

    A KNOWLEDGE ENGINEERING APPROACH TO NATURAL LANGUAGE UNDERSTANDING Stuart C. Shapiro & Jeannette G ABSTRACT This paper describes the results of a preliminary study of a Knowledge Engineering approach. I INTRODUCTION This paper describes the results of a · preliminary study of a Knowledge Engineering

  2. Ontological Engineering: Foundation of the next generation knowledge processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mizoguchi, Riichiro

    Ontological Engineering: Foundation of the next generation knowledge processing Riichiro Mizoguchi@ei.sanken.osaka-u.ac.jp Abstract. Ontological engineering as a key technology of the next generation knowledge processing development and a lot of research activities have been done under the flag of "knowledge engineering". However

  3. Knowledge Diffusion and Industry Growth By Serguey Braguinsky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Braguinsky, Serguey

    knowledge transmission but also a competitive environment that rewards the right kind of knowledge and human-to-firm transmission of technological and managerial choices. But not all knowledge is created equal. We document both cotton spinning industry circa late 19th century, which paved the way for this country's ascendance

  4. Brief article Prior knowledge on the illumination position

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mamassian, Pascal

    -retinal knowledge (Rock, 1983). Recent experimental work has emphasized the study of prior knowledge and P was upside-down and consequently shadows were in the wrong place relative to the light source. The position. This explanation rests on the knowledge that the light source stays at the same location whether or not one

  5. Knowledge Retention: Developing a Knowledge Transfer Plan for the Engineering Department at Wolf Creek Nuclear Operating Corporation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bussard, Grant William

    2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

    the engineering field is highly steeped in knowledge, it is imperative that tacit and explicit knowledge is retained and transferred in order to develop an effective and efficient organization. When individuals leave the company, they leave with more than what...

  6. CONTENT KNOWLEDGE (Declarative Knowledge; Technical Skills): Students will demonstrate use of critical methods together with mastery of pertinent declarative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    CONTENT KNOWLEDGE (Declarative Knowledge; Technical Skills): Students will demonstrate use effective communication skills by writing thesisdriven essays in response to a specific prompt. Essays are expected to exhibit the control of rhetorical elements that include clarity, coherence, comprehensiveness

  7. Searching For Unlawful Carnal Knowledge Leif Azzopardi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jose, Joemon M.

    exploratory search systems, Marshall suggested that it was only a matter of time before a "porn" based

  8. Stanford University Exploiting Channel Knowledge at the Tx in MISO and MIMO Wireless Exploiting Partial Channel Knowledge at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paulraj, Arogyaswami

    Stanford University Exploiting Channel Knowledge at the Tx in MISO and MIMO Wireless Exploiting Partial Channel Knowledge at the Transmitter in MISO and MIMO Wireless SPAWC 2003 Rome, Italy June 18 Exploiting Channel Knowledge at the Tx in MISO and MIMO Wireless Outline Introduction · Perfect CSI

  9. A review of "Inventing the Indigenous: Local Knowledge and Natural History in Early Modern Europe" by Alix Cooper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chamberland, Celeste

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    changing commercial and political landscape of the early modern period. Based on a compelling analysis of a vast array of natural history texts, manuscripts, and correspondence between naturalists, Cooper asserts that the influx of so-called ?exotic... of universities and institutionalized sites of knowledge, which generated a great deal of interest in botanical study and the recovery of regional natural histories. According to Cooper, the self-conscious formation of local envi- ronmental knowledge...

  10. Intagorn et al. Harvesting Geospatial Knowledge from Social Metadata Harvesting Geospatial Knowledge from Social

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lerman, Kristina

    Intagorn et al. Harvesting Geospatial Knowledge from Social Metadata Harvesting Geospatial Institute lerman@isi.edu ABSTRACT Up-to-date geospatial information can help crisis management community of the social photo-sharing site Flickr to learn geospatial concepts and relations. Our method leverages

  11. Knowledge Integration to Make Decisions About Complex Systems: Sustainability of Energy Production from Agriculture

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Francesco Danuso

    2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A major bottleneck for improving the governance of complex systems, rely on our ability to integrate different forms of knowledge into a decision support system (DSS). Preliminary aspects are the classification of different types of knowledge (a priori or general, a posteriori or specific, with uncertainty, numerical, textual, algorithmic, complete/incomplete, etc.), the definition of ontologies for knowledge management and the availability of proper tools like continuous simulation models, event driven models, statistical approaches, computational methods (neural networks, evolutionary optimization, rule based systems etc.) and procedure for textual documentation. Following these views at University of Udine, a computer language (SEMoLa, Simple, Easy Modelling Language) for knowledge integration has been developed.  SEMoLa can handle models, data, metadata and textual knowledge; it implements and extends the system dynamics ontology (Forrester, 1968; Jørgensen, 1994) in which systems are modelled by the concepts of material, group, state, rate, parameter, internal and external events and driving variables. As an example, a SEMoLa model to improve management and sustainability (economical, energetic, environmental) of the agricultural farms is presented. The model (X-Farm) simulates a farm in which cereal and forage yield, oil seeds, milk, calves and wastes can be sold or reused. X-Farm is composed by integrated modules describing fields (crop and soil), feeds and materials storage, machinery management, manpower  management, animal husbandry, economic and energetic balances, seed oil extraction, manure and wastes management, biogas production from animal wastes and biomasses.

  12. Knowledge Integration to Make Decisions About Complex Systems: Sustainability of Energy Production from Agriculture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Danuso, Francesco (University of Udine) [University of Udine

    2008-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A major bottleneck for improving the governance of complex systems, rely on our ability to integrate different forms of knowledge into a decision support system (DSS). Preliminary aspects are the classification of different types of knowledge (a priori or general, a posteriori or specific, with uncertainty, numerical, textual, algorithmic, complete/incomplete, etc.), the definition of ontologies for knowledge management and the availability of proper tools like continuous simulation models, event driven models, statistical approaches, computational methods (neural networks, evolutionary optimization, rule based systems etc.) and procedure for textual documentation. Following these views at University of Udine, a computer language (SEMoLa, Simple, Easy Modelling Language) for knowledge integration has been developed. SEMoLa can handle models, data, metadata and textual knowledge; it implements and extends the system dynamics ontology (Forrester, 1968; Joergensen, 1994) in which systems are modeled by the concepts of material, group, state, rate, parameter, internal and external events and driving variables. As an example, a SEMoLa model to improve management and sustainability (economical, energetic, environmental) of the agricultural farms is presented. The model (X-Farm) simulates a farm in which cereal and forage yield, oil seeds, milk, calves and wastes can be sold or reused. X-Farm is composed by integrated modules describing fields (crop and soil), feeds and materials storage, machinery management, manpower management, animal husbandry, economic and energetic balances, seed oil extraction, manure and wastes management, biogas production from animal wastes and biomasses.

  13. Knowledge Integration to Make Decisions About Complex Systems: Sustainability of Energy Production from Agriculture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Francesco Danuso

    2008-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A major bottleneck for improving the governance of complex systems, rely on our ability to integrate different forms of knowledge into a decision support system (DSS). Preliminary aspects are the classification of different types of knowledge (a priori or general, a posteriori or specific, with uncertainty, numerical, textual, algorithmic, complete/incomplete, etc.), the definition of ontologies for knowledge management and the availability of proper tools like continuous simulation models, event driven models, statistical approaches, computational methods (neural networks, evolutionary optimization, rule based systems etc.) and procedure for textual documentation. Following these views at University of Udine, a computer language (SEMoLa, Simple, Easy Modelling Language) for knowledge integration has been developed.  SEMoLa can handle models, data, metadata and textual knowledge; it implements and extends the system dynamics ontology (Forrester, 1968; Jørgensen, 1994) in which systems are modelled by the concepts of material, group, state, rate, parameter, internal and external events and driving variables. As an example, a SEMoLa model to improve management and sustainability (economical, energetic, environmental) of the agricultural farms is presented. The model (X-Farm) simulates a farm in which cereal and forage yield, oil seeds, milk, calves and wastes can be sold or reused. X-Farm is composed by integrated modules describing fields (crop and soil), feeds and materials storage, machinery management, manpower  management, animal husbandry, economic and energetic balances, seed oil extraction, manure and wastes management, biogas production from animal wastes and biomasses.

  14. A Semiautomated Framework for Integrating Expert Knowledge into Disease Marker Identification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Jing; Webb-Robertson, Bobbie-Jo M.; Matzke, Melissa M.; Varnum, Susan M.; Brown, Joseph N.; Riensche, Roderick M.; Adkins, Joshua N.; Jacobs, Jon M.; Hoidal, John R.; Scholand, Mary Beth; Pounds, Joel G.; Blackburn, Michael R.; Rodland, Karin D.; McDermott, Jason E.

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Background. The availability of large complex data sets generated by high throughput technologies has enabled the recent proliferation of disease biomarker studies. However, a recurring problem in deriving biological information from large data sets is how to best incorporate expert knowledge into the biomarker selection process. Objective. To develop a generalizable framework that can incorporate expert knowledge into data-driven processes in a semiautomated way while providing a metric for optimization in a biomarker selection scheme. Methods. The framework was implemented as a pipeline consisting of five components for the identification of signatures from integrated clustering (ISIC). Expert knowledge was integrated into the biomarker identification process using the combination of two distinct approaches; a distance-based clustering approach and an expert knowledge-driven functional selection. Results. The utility of the developed framework ISIC was demonstrated on proteomics data from a study of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Biomarker candidates were identified in a mouse model using ISIC and validated in a study of a human cohort. Conclusions. Expert knowledge can be introduced into a biomarker discovery process in different ways to enhance the robustness of selected marker candidates. Developing strategies for extracting orthogonal and robust features from large data sets increases the chances of success in biomarker identification.

  15. A Molecular Mechanics Knowledge Base Applied to Template Based Structure Prediction 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Xiaotao

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Predicting protein structure using its primary sequence has always been a challenging topic in biochemistry. Although it seems as simple as finding the minimal energy conformation, it has been quite difficult to provide ...

  16. PERFORMANCE-LED HR Talent Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meju, Max

    -operative Financial Services/ Britannia Building Society, Hansons, IBM, Legal & General, McDonalds, Nestlé, Nuclear Decommissioning Authority, NG Bailey, Prudential, Royal Bank of Scotland, Royal Mail, Sellafield, Shell

  17. Talent, Oregon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries PvtStratosolar Jump to:Holdings Co08.0 -TEEMP JumpTakigamiTalbotts Ltd Jump

  18. Processes, data structures, and apparatuses for representing knowledge

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hohimer, Ryan E. (West Richland, WA); Thomson, Judi R. (Guelph, CA); Harvey, William J. (Richland, WA); Paulson, Patrick R. (Pasco, WA); Whiting, Mark A. (Richland, WA); Tratz, Stephen C. (Richland, WA); Chappell, Alan R. (Seattle, WA); Butner, R. Scott (Richland, WA)

    2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Processes, data structures, and apparatuses to represent knowledge are disclosed. The processes can comprise labeling elements in a knowledge signature according to concepts in an ontology and populating the elements with confidence values. The data structures can comprise knowledge signatures stored on computer-readable media. The knowledge signatures comprise a matrix structure having elements labeled according to concepts in an ontology, wherein the value of the element represents a confidence that the concept is present in an information space. The apparatus can comprise a knowledge representation unit having at least one ontology stored on a computer-readable medium, at least one data-receiving device, and a processor configured to generate knowledge signatures by comparing datasets obtained by the data-receiving devices to the ontologies.

  19. Knowledge Partnership for Measuring Air Pollution and Greenhouse...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Measuring Air Pollution and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Knowledge Partnership for Measuring Air Pollution and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Asia...

  20. Epistemic Friction: Reflections on Knowledge, Truth, and Logic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sher, Gila

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ARTICLE Epistemic Friction: Re?ections on Knowledge, Truth,requires both freedom and friction. Freedom to set up ourprograms, etc. , and friction (constraint) coming from two

  1. MHK Technologies/New Knowledge Wind and Wave Renewable Mobile...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wave Renewable Mobile Wind and Wave Power Plant Platform < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage New Knowledge Wind and Wave Renewable...

  2. Knowledge Transfer Partnerships Williams Industrial Services Ltd & Queen's University Belfast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paxton, Anthony T.

    of biogas plant Use of QUESTOR laboratories for sample analysis Company Quote "Through the Knowledge reductions in energy footprint while maintaining treatment performance. Key Benefits Results of sludge

  3. Organizing Global Knowledge Networks in the Electronics Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dedrick, Jason; Kraemer, Kenneth L; Linden, Greg; Brown, Claire; Murtha, Tom

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Knowledge Networks in the Electronics Industry 1 Jasonusing studies from the electronics industry. We examine theanalysis to the overall electronics industry to illustrate

  4. Design of currency, markets, and economy for knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Dawei

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Information markets benefit the communities they serve by facilitating electronic distributed exchange of information. Further benefits include enhancing knowledge sharing, innovation, and productivity. This research ...

  5. Knowledge Capture and Transfer Program (KCTP) "Newly Created...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Powerpedia Page The Knowledge Capture and Transfer Program (KCTP) has a new logo and a newly created Powerpedia page. The page layout and program descriptions allow for...

  6. Organizational Learning and Internationalization Knowledge: A Comparative Study of Family Firms and Non-Family Firms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 Organizational Learning and Internationalization Knowledge: A Comparative Study of Family Firms with knowledge in family firms by analyzing the role of organizational knowledge in the internationalization, the influence of these variables on internationalization organizational knowledge and finally on firms

  7. Background Knowledge, Category Labels, and Similarity Judgment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Na-Yung

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    (Figure 2). Procedure. Sixty triads of pictures were presented to participants one at a time in the center of the computer screen. Participants were asked to select the base picture that they judged to be more similar to the target than the other base.... Five pairs of original animal tissue pictures were selected from a well- known textbook of veterinary histology (Bacha & Bacha, 2000). The procedure of creating 60 triads of original and morphed pictures was identical to the procedure described...

  8. (Three core Evidence-Based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    period 1 Months 12 #12;(2) UPF Barcelona School of Management was founded in 2011 as the new business school of Spain's highest ranked public university, Pompeu Fabra University (UPF). Innovative and modern in business management and public administration. UPF Barcelona School of Management draws together talented

  9. (Three core Evidence-Based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . #12;(2) UPF Barcelona School of Management was founded in 2011 as the new business school of Spain's highest ranked public university, Pompeu Fabra University (UPF). Innovative and modern, it was launched and public administration. UPF Barcelona School of Management draws together talented faculty and cutting

  10. Method and system for knowledge discovery using non-linear statistical analysis and a 1st and 2nd tier computer program

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hively, Lee M. (Philadelphia, TN)

    2011-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention relates to a method and apparatus for simultaneously processing different sources of test data into informational data and then processing different categories of informational data into knowledge-based data. The knowledge-based data can then be communicated between nodes in a system of multiple computers according to rules for a type of complex, hierarchical computer system modeled on a human brain.

  11. THE VALUE OF KNOWLEDGE AND THE PURSUIT OF SHERRILYN ROUSH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that knowledge contributes if its extra ingredient beyond true belief is tracking. I show that the tracking, knowledge, Nash Equilibrium, swamping problem, tracking, value problem. In honor of Luciano Floridi, for his the solar system was formed and what laws govern its motions. The laws govern the motion of a planet

  12. Building Roadmaps: A Knowledge Sharing Perspective Antony Tang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Hans

    Building Roadmaps: A Knowledge Sharing Perspective Antony Tang VU University Amsterdam Department Amsterdam, the Netherlands hans@cs.vu.nl ABSTRACT Roadmapping is a process that involves many stakeholders these people. We report a number of knowledge sharing scenarios in the roadmapping process. In order to address

  13. Influencing knowledge workers: the power of top management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seldin, Jonathan P.

    Influencing knowledge workers: the power of top management Sharmila Jayasingam Faculty of Business/methodology/approach ­ Data measuring top leaders social power and knowledge management (KM) practices is gathered from 402 and Accountancy, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Mahfooz A. Ansari Faculty of Management, University

  14. Knowledge Compilation in the Modal Logic S5 Meghyn Bienvenu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutz, Carsten

    Knowledge Compilation in the Modal Logic S5 Meghyn Bienvenu Universit¨at Bremen Bremen, Germany@cril.univ-artois.fr Abstract In this paper, we study the knowledge compilation task for propositional epistemic logic S5. We map to S5. We then show that the notion of disjunctive normal form (DNF) can be profitably extended

  15. Heart Knowledge A short time after being diagnosed with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Laughlin, Jay

    Heart Knowledge A short time after being diagnosed with cancer in December of 2005 I was having healing." "Listen with your heart," he said. He insisted I put my full faith in my oncologist, my surgeon that I needed to attend to my "inner healing and heart knowledge." What did Cliff mean by "heart

  16. I' om Data Mining to Knowledge Discovery: Usama M. Fayyad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raghavan, Vijay

    I' om Data Mining to Knowledge Discovery: Overview Usama M. Fayyad Jet Propulsion Laboratory knowledge discovery and data ~g. We begin with a definition of the KDD process and basic data mining :=c on the order of 50 giga- bytes of remotely sensed image data per hour when operational in the late 1990s

  17. TU Delft knowledge valorisation Innovation with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langendoen, Koen

    products and services. TU Delft has a long history of socially and commercially relevant research. Two research with and for companies and organisations, by providing postgraduate education, and through Industries. New businesses, such as ReSteel and Inaschco, have been based on other patents, with cofinancing

  18. In the networked society people, knowledge, devices,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    devices to their benefit. Thesis - Development and evaluation of Multi-RAT simulator-00072198 Description, there is a need of modeling WiFi networks and developing a simulator capable of modeling both these RATs. The goal a current Matlab-based time-dynamic LTE simulator to include capabilities to simulate WiFi nodes

  19. Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (KDDM) survey report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phillips, Laurence R.; Jordan, Danyelle N.; Bauer, Travis L.; Elmore, Mark T. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN); Treadwell, Jim N. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN); Homan, Rossitza A.; Chapman, Leon Darrel; Spires, Shannon V.

    2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The large number of government and industry activities supporting the Unit of Action (UA), with attendant documents, reports and briefings, can overwhelm decision-makers with an overabundance of information that hampers the ability to make quick decisions often resulting in a form of gridlock. In particular, the large and rapidly increasing amounts of data and data formats stored on UA Advanced Collaborative Environment (ACE) servers has led to the realization that it has become impractical and even impossible to perform manual analysis leading to timely decisions. UA Program Management (PM UA) has recognized the need to implement a Decision Support System (DSS) on UA ACE. The objective of this document is to research the commercial Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (KDDM) market and publish the results in a survey. Furthermore, a ranking mechanism based on UA ACE-specific criteria has been developed and applied to a representative set of commercially available KDDM solutions. In addition, an overview of four R&D areas identified as critical to the implementation of DSS on ACE is provided. Finally, a comprehensive database containing detailed information on surveyed KDDM tools has been developed and is available upon customer request.

  20. Leadership Philosophy | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Leadership Philosophy We are diverse, talented, knowledgeable, and dedicated people committed to public service and to the success of Legacy Management. We are...

  1. Expanding Professional Horizons

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    expands daily, by leaps and bounds - knowledge turnover must be accompanied by an infusion of new talent that both informs and is informed by existing, experienced staff. With...

  2. Knowledge Discovery Framework for the Virtual Observatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Brian; Huang, Zenping; Teuben, Peter

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe a framework that allows a scientist-user to easily query for information across all Virtual Observatory (VO) repositories and pull it back for analysis. This framework hides the gory details of meta-data remediation and data formatting from the user, allowing them to get on with search, retrieval and analysis of VO data as if they were drawn from a single source using a science based terminology rather than a data-centric one.

  3. 41. DISCOVERY, SEARCH, AND COMMUNICATION OF TEXTUAL KNOWLEDGE RESOURCES IN DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS a. Discovering and Utilizing Knowledge Sources for Metasearch Knowledge Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zamora, Antonio

    2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Advanced Natural Language Processing Tools for Web Information Retrieval, Content Analysis, and Synthesis. The goal of this SBIR was to implement and evaluate several advanced Natural Language Processing (NLP) tools and techniques to enhance the precision and relevance of search results by analyzing and augmenting search queries and by helping to organize the search output obtained from heterogeneous databases and web pages containing textual information of interest to DOE and the scientific-technical user communities in general. The SBIR investigated 1) the incorporation of spelling checkers in search applications, 2) identification of significant phrases and concepts using a combination of linguistic and statistical techniques, and 3) enhancement of the query interface and search retrieval results through the use of semantic resources, such as thesauri. A search program with a flexible query interface was developed to search reference databases with the objective of enhancing search results from web queries or queries of specialized search systems such as DOE's Information Bridge. The DOE ETDE/INIS Joint Thesaurus was processed to create a searchable database. Term frequencies and term co-occurrences were used to enhance the web information retrieval by providing algorithmically-derived objective criteria to organize relevant documents into clusters containing significant terms. A thesaurus provides an authoritative overview and classification of a field of knowledge. By organizing the results of a search using the thesaurus terminology, the output is more meaningful than when the results are just organized based on the terms that co-occur in the retrieved documents, some of which may not be significant. An attempt was made to take advantage of the hierarchy provided by broader and narrower terms, as well as other field-specific information in the thesauri. The search program uses linguistic morphological routines to find relevant entries regardless of whether terms are stored in singular or plural form. Implementation of additional inflectional morphology processes for verbs can enhance retrieval further, but this has to be balanced by the possibility of broadening the results too much. In addition to the DOE energy thesaurus, other sources of specialized organized knowledge such as the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH), the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS), and Wikipedia were investigated. The supporting role of the NLP thesaurus search program was enhanced by incorporating spelling aid and a part-of-speech tagger to cope with misspellings in the queries and to determine the grammatical roles of the query words and identify nouns for special processing. To improve precision, multiple modes of searching were implemented including Boolean operators, and field-specific searches. Programs to convert a thesaurus or reference file into searchable support files can be deployed easily, and the resulting files are immediately searchable to produce relevance-ranked results with builtin spelling aid, morphological processing, and advanced search logic. Demonstration systems were built for several databases, including the DOE energy thesaurus.

  4. Sustaining knowledge in the neutron generator community and benchmarking study.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barrentine, Tameka C.; Kennedy, Bryan C.; Saba, Anthony W.; Turgeon, Jennifer L.; Schneider, Julia Teresa; Stubblefield, William Anthony; Baldonado, Esther

    2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2004, the Responsive Neutron Generator Product Deployment department embarked upon a partnership with the Systems Engineering and Analysis knowledge management (KM) team to develop knowledge management systems for the neutron generator (NG) community. This partnership continues today. The most recent challenge was to improve the current KM system (KMS) development approach by identifying a process that will allow staff members to capture knowledge as they learn it. This 'as-you-go' approach will lead to a sustainable KM process for the NG community. This paper presents a historical overview of NG KMSs, as well as research conducted to move toward sustainable KM.

  5. Office of Nuclear Energy Knowledge Management Program Situational Analysis Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kimberlyn C. Mousseau

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Knowledge management (KM) has been a high priority for the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) for the past several years. NE Programs are moving toward well-established knowledge management practices and a formal knowledge management program has been established. Knowledge management is being practiced to some level within each of the NE programs. Although it continues to evolve as NE programs evolve, a formal strategic plan that guides the implementation of KM has been developed. Despite the acceptance of KM within DOE NE, more work is necessary before the NE KM program can be considered fully successful. Per Dr. David J. Skyrme[1], an organization typically moves through the following evolutionary phases: (1) Ad-hoc - KM is being practiced to some level in some parts of the organization; (2) Formal - KM is established as a formal project or program; (3) Expanding - the use of KM as a discipline grows in practice across different parts of the organization; (4) Cohesive - there is a degree of coordination of KM; (5) Integrated - there are formal standards and approaches that give every individual access to most organizational knowledge through common interfaces; and (6) Embedded - KM is part-and-parcel of everyday tasks; it blends seamlessly into the background. According to the evolutionary phases, the NE KM program is operating at the two lower levels, Ad-hoc and Formal. Although KM is being practiced to some level, it is not being practiced in a consistent manner across the NE programs. To be fully successful, more emphasis must be placed on establishing KM standards and processes for collecting, organizing, sharing and accessing NE knowledge. Existing knowledge needs to be prioritized and gathered on a routine basis, its existence formally recorded in a knowledge inventory. Governance to ensure the quality of the knowledge being used must also be considered. For easy retrieval, knowledge must be organized according to a taxonomy that mimics nuclear energy programs. Technologies need to be established to make accessing the knowledge easier for the user. Finally, knowledge needs to be used as part of a well defined work process.

  6. Knowledges and abilities catalog for nuclear power plant operators: pressurized water reactors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document catalogs roughly 5300 knowledges and abilities of reactor operators and senior reactor operators. It results from a reanalysis of much larger job-task analysis data base compiled by the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO). Knowledges and abilities are cataloged for 45 major power plant systems and 38 emergency evolutions, grouped according to 11 fundamental safety functions (e.g., reactivity control and reactor coolant system inventory control). With appropriate sampling from this catalog, operator licensing examinations having content validity can be developed. A structured sampling procedure for this catalog is under development by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and will be published as a companion document, ''Examiners' Handbook for Developing Operator Licensing Examinations'' (NUREG-1121). The examinations developed by using the catalog and handbook will cover those topics listed under Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 55.

  7. TEI Piraeus students' knowledge on the beneficial applications of nuclear physics: Nuclear energy, radioactivity - consequences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilakouta, Mirofora

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The recent nuclear accident in Japan revealed the confusion and the inadequate knowledge of the citizens about the issues of nuclear energy, nuclear applications, radioactivity and their consequences In this work we present the first results of an ongoing study which aims to evaluate the knowledge and the views of Greek undergraduate students on the above issues. A web based survey was conducted and 131 students from TEI Piraeus answered a multiple choice questionnaire with questions of general interest on nuclear energy, nuclear applications, radioactivity and their consequences. The survey showed that students, like the general population, have a series of faulty views on general interest nuclear issues. Furthermore, the first results indicate that our educational system is not so effective as source of information on these issues in comparison to the media and internet

  8. Unconventional gas recovery: state of knowledge document

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Geffen, C.A.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is a synthesis of environmental data and information relevant to the four areas of unconventional gas recovery (UGR) resource recovery: methane from coal, tight western sands, Devonian shales and geopressurized aquifers. Where appropriate, it provides details of work reviewed; while in other cases, it refers the reader to relevant sources of information. This report consists of three main sections, 2, 3, and 4. Section 2 describes the energy resource base involved and characteristics of the technology and introduces the environmental concerns of implementing the technology. Section 3 reviews the concerns related to unconventional gas recovery systems which are of significance to the environment. The potential health and safety concerns of the recovery of natural gas from these resources are outlined in Section 4.

  9. INTRODUCTION What is research, but a blind date with knowledge.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION What is research, but a blind date with knowledge. -Will Henry The purpose for this thesis. Rationale for Study Through many generations of experimentation and theory-building, physics has

  10. Assessing two-year-olds' knowledge of number agreement morphology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blossom, Megan Stratton

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Previous research in the area of children's knowledge of number agreement morphology has yielded mixed results. Some researchers have found evidence for sensitivity to agreement morphology at as early as 16 months, while ...

  11. architecture knowledge management: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    architecture knowledge management First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Architectural...

  12. activating event knowledge: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    decision making to people or applications. Nor does it provide the means for users to enter and share their "knowledge" that is useful for making the right decisions. This...

  13. The Role of Knowledge in Visual Shape Representation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saund, Eric

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report shows how knowledge about the visual world can be built into a shape representation in the form of a descriptive vocabulary making explicit the important geometrical relationships comprising objects' shapes. ...

  14. The production of audiovisual cues when feigning knowledge 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baddeley, Nic

    2010-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes 2 exploratory experiments aimed at creating a profile of audiovisual behaviours for a sub-type of deception, feigned knowledge. In Experiment 1, students were interviewed on camera about their own ...

  15. A Knowledge Management Platform for Documentation of Case Reports in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A Knowledge Management Platform for Documentation of Case Reports in Pharmacovigilance Florence systematic reviews are needed, there is little guidance on how systematic documentation of drug adverse documentation of pharmacovigilance case reports for the pharmaceutical industry and regulatory authorities

  16. Preservice teachers' knowledge of linear functions within multiple representation modes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    You, Zhixia

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    and algebraic representations; (3) flexibility within visual representations; (4) flexibility with real-life situations, and (5) procedural skills. In terms of pedagogical content knowledge, two aspects were examined across five corresponding components...

  17. Sharing tacit design knowledge in a distributed design environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woo, Jeong-Han

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    investigates the impact of tacit design knowledge on design performance in a distributed design environment supported by CMC software. The software was developed and tested in three design studios in which design students sought advice from experts in remote...

  18. SemTrace: Semantic Requirements Tracing Using Explicit Requirement Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    their activities. Application Lifecycle Management (ALM) is the coordination of development lifecycle activities knowledge and artifacts. A major challenge in distributed software development is the integration of activities along the development lifecycle. Application Lifecycle Management (ALM) is defined as "the

  19. The Olympics of science knowledge at DOE's New Jersey Regional...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Olympics of science knowledge at DOE's New Jersey Regional Science Bowl at PPPL By Jeanne Jackson DeVoe March 3, 2014 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook The J...

  20. accessing human knowledge: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    articles on this tree. 'Technomimetics' is proposed as a new method of knowledge management in science and technology: it shall help find and organise information in an era of...

  1. Knowledge production at the global frontier : the case of China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fensterheim, Devin Robert

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China is increasingly seen as a participant in the global knowledge economy, with recent studies have highlighted the rising number of scientists and engineers educated in Chinese institutions of higher education, and the ...

  2. Using Analogy to Acquire Commonsense Knowledge from Human Contributors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chklovski, Timothy

    2003-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of the work reported here is to capture the commonsense knowledge of non-expert human contributors. Achieving this goal will enable more intelligent human-computer interfaces and pave the way for computers to ...

  3. Using analogy to acquire commonsense knowledge from human Contributors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chklovski, Timothy A. (Timothy Anatolievich), 1977-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of the work reported here is to capture the commonsense knowledge of non-expert human contributors. Achieving this goal will enable more intelligent human-computer interfaces and pave the way for computers to ...

  4. Inductive Rules, Background Knowledge, and Skepticism Daniel Steel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steel, Daniel

    Inductive Rules, Background Knowledge, and Skepticism Daniel Steel Department of Philosophy 503 S. Kedzie Hall Michigan State University East Lansing, MI 48823-1032 Email: steel@msu.edu #12;Abstract

  5. APPLYING SOCIAL NETWORK ANALYSIS TO KNOWLEDGE PETER BUSCH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards, Debbie

    , Macquarie University North Ryde, NSW, 2109, Australia DEBBIE RICHARDS Department of Computing, Macquarie University North Ryde, NSW, 2109, Australia Tacit knowledge is either learnt through repeated experience and Release the Power of Innovation, Oxford University Press, Inc., New York. #12;

  6. Knowledge Annotations in Scientific Workflows: An Implementation in Kepler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pinheiro da Silva, Paulo

    collection, model building, and simulation expertise, are working together to perform groundwater modeling. We evaluated the scientific process being used by the groundwater modeling team to understand how annotations. Key words: Scientific Workflows, Knowledge Annotations, Kepler 1 Introduction When scientists

  7. Information/knowledge design in contextual hypermedia systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Andrew F., 1972-

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As we begin to comprehend the ways we interact with the data/information/knowledge structures which construct our individual perception of reality, we see a shift from the dyadic Cartesian method of reading our environment, ...

  8. Dietary behavior, attitudes and knowledge of college students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weaver, Sara Sanner

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Findings Dietary Intake . Attitudes and Knowledge . V DISCUSSION . . Lifestyles Dietary Intake Attitudes and Knowledge Vl CONCLUSION . . REFERENCES APPENDICES 10 12 18 18 22 22 25 27 27 , 35 49 64 64 69 . 74 . 75 TABLE LIST.... The percentage of calories as fat increased with decreasing grades in the nutrition class and with increasing ages and weights. Authors suggested that these findings indicate that education does decrease fat consumption and that increased weight is associated...

  9. Acquiring and Applying Contextualised Tacit Knowledge Debbie Richards and Peter Busch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards, Debbie

    expert retires or leaves. This addresses two knowledge management challenges: utilisation and preservation of knowledge. 1. The Acquisition and Application of Knowledge and the Role of Context). It is interesting to observe that the term knowledge transfer is currently popular in the knowledge management (KM

  10. New Polynomial Classes for Logic-Based Abduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zanuttini, B

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We address the problem of propositional logic-based abduction, i.e., the problem of searching for a best explanation for a given propositional observation according to a given propositional knowledge base. We give a general algorithm, based on the notion of projection; then we study restrictions over the representations of the knowledge base and of the query, and find new polynomial classes of abduction problems.

  11. International Journal of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering World Scientific Publishing Company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Haiping

    International Journal of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering © World Scientific Publishing Company 1 FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS OF SOFTWARE ENGINEERING AND KNOWLEDGE ENGINEERING* HAIPING XU) Software Engineering (SE) and Knowledge Engineering (KE) are closely related disciplines with goals

  12. Assessing Preschool Children’s Knowledge of Compounds from a Logico- Semantic Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Rachel; Chu, Chia-Ying; Hess, Gretchen; Minai, Utako

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research in First Language Acquisition investigates three broad questions: What do children know about language? When does this knowledge emerge? How is children’s knowledge of language different from adults’ knowledge of ...

  13. Knowledge and abilities catalog for nuclear power plant operators: boiling water reactors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Knowledge and Abilities Catalog for Nuclear Power Plant Operators: Boiling-Water Reactors (BWR) (NUREG-1123) provides the basis for the development of content-valid licensing examinations for reactor operators (ROs) and senior reactor operators (SROs). The examinations developed using the BWR Catalog and Examiners' Handbook for Developing Operator Licensing Examinations (NUREG-1121) will cover those topics listed under Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 55. The BWR Catalog contains approximately 7000 knowledge and ability (K/A) statements for ROs and SROs at boiling water reactors. Each K/A statement has been rated for its importance to the safe operation of the plant in a manner ensuring personnel and public health and safety. The BWR K/A Catalog is organized into five major sections: Plant-wide Generic Knowledge and Ability Statements, Plant Systems grouped by Safety Function, Emergency and Abnormal Plant Evolutions, Components, and Theory. The BWR Catalog represents a modification of the form and content of the K/A Catalog for Nuclear Power Plant Operators: Pressurized Water Reactors (NUREG-1122). First, categories of knowledge and ability statements have been redefined. Second, the scope of the definition of emergency and abnormal plant evolutions has been revised in line with a symptom-based approach. Third, K/As related to the operational applications of theory have been incorporated into the delineations for both plant systems and emergency and abnormal plant evolutions, while K/As pertaining to theory fundamental to plant operation have been delineated in a separate theory section. Finally, the components section has been revised.

  14. Knowledge discovery using data mined from Nuclear Magnetic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narasayya, Vivek

    Knowledge discovery using data mined from Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectral images William J cyberinfrastructure · Method ­ Solid State ab initio calculations ­ Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) ­ Support Vector refined (and/or relaxed) structure, perform Self-Consistent Field calculation for electronic structure

  15. Knowledge Structures and Didactic Model Selection in Learning Object Navigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Knowledge Structures and Didactic Model Selection in Learning Object Navigation Dietrich Albert' of the content of the learning objects, and (2) a `didactic preference level' of the specific preferences constraints and the didactic constraints are available. 1 Introduction According to the SCORM (Shareable

  16. Digital Libraries, Conceptual Knowledge Systems, and the Nebula Interface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent, Robert E

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Concept Analysis provides a principled approach to effective management of wide area information systems, such as the Nebula File System and Interface. This not only offers evidence to support the assertion that a digital library is a bounded collection of incommensurate information sources in a logical space, but also sheds light on techniques for collaboration through coordinated access to the shared organization of knowledge.

  17. Climate Change in Arizona: Current Knowledge and Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Junshan

    's premier climate scientists discuss the impacts of climate change on Arizona's water, energy, healthClimate Change in Arizona: Current Knowledge and Future Collaborations Among the State Universities 230 Arizona State University, Tempe Campus Join us for a cross-university climate forum, as Arizona

  18. IMKA: A Multimedia Organization System Combining Perceptual and Semantic Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Shih-Fu

    -914-784-7320 jrsmith@watson.ibm.com ABSTRACT In this demo, we present the IMKA system, which implements the innovative extends existing knowledge representation tools in the text domain (e.g., semantic networks and Word, and enhanced searching using relevance feedback from users. However, existing systems still lack adequate

  19. RANDOMIZING THE KNOWLEDGE ACQUISITION BOTTLENECK Stuart H. Rubin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trajkovic, Ljiljana

    applications. For example, the medical rule, IF the patient is coughing THEN prescribe cough syrup; is usually true. However, an expert medical system having this limited medical knowledge would prescribe cough specific rule: IF the patient is coughing AND the patient was just eating THEN apply Dr. Heimlich

  20. Building Knowledge about Buildings Matthew T. Young and Eyal Amir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amir, Eyal

    Building Knowledge about Buildings Matthew T. Young and Eyal Amir University of Illinois, Urbana The ability to encode information about the structure of buildings is essential for the development of applications which are able to reason about buildings and answer queries concerning their design and function

  1. Two Ways to Common Knowledge Samuel Bucheli1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jäger, Gerhard

    M4M 2009 Two Ways to Common Knowledge Samuel Bucheli1,2 Roman Kuznets1,2 Thomas Studer2 Institut f Science Foundation grant 200021­117699. 2 Emails: {bucheli, kuznets, tstuder}@iam.unibe.ch This paper.elsevier.com/locate/entcs #12;Bucheli, Kuznets and Studer the infinitary conjunction everybody knows A and everybody knows

  2. Justifications for Common Knowledge Samuel Bucheli --Roman Kuznets --Thomas Studer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jäger, Gerhard

    - Justifications for Common Knowledge Samuel Bucheli -- Roman Kuznets -- Thomas Studer Institut für) {bucheli, kuznets, tstuder}@iam.unibe.ch ABSTRACT. Justification logics are epistemic logics., 2009) and to study self-referential proofs (Kuznets, 2010). Instead of statements A is known, denoted A

  3. Adding Domain Knowledge to Latent Topic Models Xiaojin Zhu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Xiaojin "Jerry"

    (Wisconsin) Knowledge LDA 5 / 42 #12;Some Topics by Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) [Blei et al., JMLR by Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) [Blei et al., JMLR 2003] p(word | topic) "troops" "election" "love influence [Gerrish & Blei, 2009] Matching papers to reviewers [Mimno & McCallum, 2007] Zhu (Wisconsin

  4. Concrete vs. Abstract Problem Formats: A Disadvantage of Prior Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heckler, Andrew F.

    Concrete vs. Abstract Problem Formats: A Disadvantage of Prior Knowledge Andrew F. Heckler experiments examine the effects of varying the relative concreteness of physics word problems on student performance.Previous studies have found that concrete representations benefit performance for relatively

  5. Integrating Knowledge Management and Human Resources via Skill Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appelrath, Hans-Jürgen

    Integrating Knowledge Management and Human Resources via Skill Management Norbert Gronau. The human resources department can look for certain skills and compare the skills of an employee [Kreitmeier et al. 2000]. The company is able to save costs that otherwise apply to placing adverts for job

  6. Designing Effective Knowledge Management Systems for Scholars and (Science)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menczer, Filippo

    on brain can mange Leonardo Da Vinci (1452-1519) #12;3 20th Century: One person can make major contribute Amount of knowledge on brain can mange 21th Century: One person can make major contributions mange #12;4 21th Century: One person can make major contributions to a specific area of science Mankind

  7. ISI Web of KnowledgeSM : Creating Alerts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wurtele, Jonathan

    ISI Web of KnowledgeSM : Creating Alerts http://isiknowledge.com/ The alerting capacity in ISI Web text · HTML · ISI ResearchSoft (for import into EndNote) · Field Tagged (for import into RefWorks) #12

  8. Knowledge protection and partner selection in R&D alliances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Dan

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation investigates three sets of research questions. First, how can partner selection be used as a mechanism to minimize R&D alliance participants� concerns about knowledge leakage? And what is the nature of the relationship among...

  9. Inverse diffusion from knowledge of power densities Guillaume Bal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bal, Guillaume

    asymptotic expansions and (Fourier) transformation, this allow us to construct the power density) provides access to the power density H(x) = (x)|u|2 (x) for all x inside the domain of interestInverse diffusion from knowledge of power densities Guillaume Bal , Eric Bonnetier , Fran

  10. Important Cognitive Components of Domain-Specific Search Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhavnani, Suresh K.

    the subject-specific terms to enter in a query. For example, many university students often buy electronicImportant Cognitive Components of Domain-Specific Search Knowledge Suresh K. Bhavnani School Many users have acquired a sophisticated understanding of searching the Web in specific domains

  11. Head Knowledge: Summary (Segment from the Tin Shed essay)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Laughlin, Jay

    Head Knowledge: Summary (Segment from the Tin Shed essay) While certainly much more nuanced than would declare that it's to be discovered outside Tin Shed, viewed from the wooden bench. Reality of reliability and validity (Frey 1994:95-104). While traveling outside the Tin Shed, systematic analysis

  12. Knowledge Transformation for Cross-Domain Sentiment Classification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Tao

    Knowledge Transformation for Cross-Domain Sentiment Classification Tao Li School of Computer With the explosion of user-generated web2.0 content in the form of blogs, wikis and discussion forums, the Internet domain, thereby build- ing high-quality sentiment models without manual effort? We outline a novel

  13. Concurrent Zero-Knowledge Proofs for NP Joe Kilian y Erez Petrank z Ransom Richardson x

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petrank, Erez

    Cummings Center, Beverly, MA 01915. rrichard@groove.net. 1 #12; zero-knowledge protocols that are robustConcurrent Zero-Knowledge Proofs for NP #3; Joe Kilian y Erez Petrank z Ransom Richardson x November 26, 2001 Abstract A proof is concurrent zero-knowledge if it remains zero-knowledge when many

  14. A First Experimental Demonstration of Massive Knowledge Infusion Loizos Michael and Leslie G. Valiant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valiant, Leslie

    A First Experimental Demonstration of Massive Knowledge Infusion Loizos Michael and Leslie G situations. Knowledge Infusion is an approach to this problem in which the commonsense knowledge is acquired that chain- ing the learned rules is efficacious for reasoning. Introduction Knowledge Infusion

  15. Knowledge Network: An Information Repository with Services for Managing Concurrent Engineering Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, Mark S.

    Knowledge Network: An Information Repository with Services for Managing Concurrent Engineering design engineers. The KAD system centers on a knowledge network that stores design knowledge and provides are constructing a Knowledge Aided Design (KAD) system for supporting concurrent engineering design and enhancing

  16. Feedstock Production Datasets from the Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework invites users to discover the power of bioenergy through an interface that provides extensive access to research data and literature, GIS mapping tools, and collaborative networks. The Bioenergy KDF supports efforts to develop a robust and sustainable bioenergy industry. The KDF facilitates informed decision making by providing a means to synthesize, analyze, and visualize vast amounts of information in a relevant and succinct manner. It harnesses Web 2.0 and social networking technologies to build a collective knowledge system that can better examine the economic and environmental impacts of development options for biomass feedstock production, biorefineries, and related infrastructure. [copied from https://www.bioenergykdf.net/content/about] Holdings include datasets, models, and maps and the collections are growing due to both DOE contributions and data uploads from individuals.

  17. Biofuel Distribution Datasets from the Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework invites users to discover the power of bioenergy through an interface that provides extensive access to research data and literature, GIS mapping tools, and collaborative networks. The Bioenergy KDF supports efforts to develop a robust and sustainable bioenergy industry. The KDF facilitates informed decision making by providing a means to synthesize, analyze, and visualize vast amounts of information in a relevant and succinct manner. It harnesses Web 2.0 and social networking technologies to build a collective knowledge system that can better examine the economic and environmental impacts of development options for biomass feedstock production, biorefineries, and related infrastructure. [copied from https://www.bioenergykdf.net/content/about] Holdings include datasets, models, and maps and the collections are growing due to both DOE contributions and individuals' data uploads.

  18. Biofuel Production Datasets from DOE's Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework (KDF)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework invites users to discover the power of bioenergy through an interface that provides extensive access to research data and literature, GIS mapping tools, and collaborative networks. The Bioenergy KDF supports efforts to develop a robust and sustainable bioenergy industry. The KDF facilitates informed decision making by providing a means to synthesize, analyze, and visualize vast amounts of information in a relevant and succinct manner. It harnesses Web 2.0 and social networking technologies to build a collective knowledge system that can better examine the economic and environmental impacts of development options for biomass feedstock production, biorefineries, and related infrastructure. [copied from https://www.bioenergykdf.net/content/about]

    Holdings include datasets, models, and maps and the collections arel growing due to both DOE contributions and data uploads from individuals.

  19. Feedstock Logistics Datasets from DOE's Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework (KDF)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework invites users to discover the power of bioenergy through an interface that provides extensive access to research data and literature, GIS mapping tools, and collaborative networks. The Bioenergy KDF supports efforts to develop a robust and sustainable bioenergy industry. The KDF facilitates informed decision making by providing a means to synthesize, analyze, and visualize vast amounts of information in a relevant and succinct manner. It harnesses Web 2.0 and social networking technologies to build a collective knowledge system that can better examine the economic and environmental impacts of development options for biomass feedstock production, biorefineries, and related infrastructure. Holdings include datasets, models, and maps. [from https://www.bioenergykdf.net/content/about

  20. Women in STEM: True Self-Knowledge and Achievement Motivation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kavanaugh, Katherine Elizabeth

    2013-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    of the requirements for the designation as an UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH SCHOLAR Approved by Research Advisor: Dr. Rebecca Schlegel May 2014 Major: Psychology Women’s and Gender Studies TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT……………………………………………………………………………………… 1.... Rebecca Schlegel Department of Psychology In this study, I will examine whether there is a relationship between true-self knowledge and motivation to remain in a STEM major among female STEM students. Specifically, I hypothesize that a greater...

  1. Agricultural science students' perceptions and knowledge of hearing loss

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slaydon, Sunny Leigh

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    very large part of the personal lives of most farmers? (Lankford 2002) In 1996 Woodford, Lawrence, Fazalare, and Martin designed a study ?to determine the extent of hearing loss experienced by high school agriculture teachers in West Virginia... AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE STUDENTS? PERCEPTIONS AND KNOWLEDGE OF HEARING LOSS A Thesis by SUNNY LEIGH SLAYDON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

  2. Using Prior Knowledge in the Design of Classifiers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahrokh Esfahani, Mohammad

    2014-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

    USING PRIOR KNOWLEDGE IN THE DESIGN OF CLASSIFIERS A Dissertation by MOHAMMAD SHAHROKH ESFAHANI Submitted to the Office of Graduate and Professional Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR... OF PHILOSOPHY Chair of Committee, Edward Russell Dougherty Co-Chair of Committee, Aniruddha Datta Committee Members, Byung-Jun Yoon Ivan Ivanov Head of Department, Chanan Singh May 2014 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering Copyright 2014 Mohammad Shahrokh...

  3. Pesticide use knowledge and practices: A gender differences in Nepal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atreya, Kishor [Alternative Development and Research Center (ADRC), GPO BOX 20078, Kathmandu (Nepal)]. E-mail: k.atreya@gmail.com

    2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    It is important to understand gender difference on pesticide use knowledge, attitude and practices for identifying pesticide risks by gender and to recommend more gender-sensitive programs. However, very few studies have been conducted so far in Nepal. This study, thus, interviewed a total of 325 males and 109 females during 2005 to assess gender differences on pesticide use knowledge, attitude and practices. More than 50% females had never been to school and only <8% individuals were found trained in Integrated Pest Management (IPM). Almost all males and females did not smoke, drink and eat during pesticides application and also believed that pesticides are harmful to human health, livestock, plant diversity and their environment. However, there were gender differences on household decision on pesticides to be used (p<0.001), care of wind direction during spraying (p=0.032), prior knowledge on safety measures (p=0.016), reading and understanding of pesticides labels (p<0.001), awareness of the labels (p<0.001) and protective covers. Almost all respondents were aware of negative impacts of pesticide use on human health and environment irrespective of gender; however, females were at higher risk due to lower level of pesticide use safety and awareness. It is strongly recommended to initiate gender-sensitive educational and awareness activities, especially on pesticide use practices and safety precautions.

  4. International Journal of Uncertainty, Fuzziness and KnowledgeBased Systems c World Scientific Publishing Company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kreinovich, Vladik

    Publishing Company INTERVAL­VALUED DEGREES OF BELIEF: APPLICATIONS OF INTERVAL COMPUTATIONS TO EXPERT SYSTEMS doctors successfully cure diseases; expert geologists find oil; expert astronauts know how to dock the experts in the field, there are a few top experts whose deci­ sions turn out to be the most efficient

  5. International Journal of Uncertainty, Fuzziness and Knowledge-Based Systems fc World Scientific Publishing Company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kreinovich, Vladik

    Publishing Company INTERVAL-VALUED DEGREES OF BELIEF: APPLICATIONS OF INTERVAL COMPUTATIONS TO EXPERT SYSTEMS successfully cure diseases; expert geologists find oil; expert astronauts know how to dock and land the Space in the field, there are a few top experts whose deci- sions turn out to be the most efficient. Since

  6. A knowledge-based control paradigm for real-time systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, John H.; Lin, S.K.; Glass, E.

    1988-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    encoding of algorithms 0-81 86-201 2-9/89/0000/0227$01 .OO 0 1989 IEEE 227 Authorized licensed use limited to: Texas A M University. Downloaded on February 18,2010 at 14:46:01 EST from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply. I? I I II I I I C 0 M M U I... for the application system is ?PARAM- ETER.? This spawns sets of numerical coefficients Authorized licensed use limited to: Texas A M University. Downloaded on February 18,2010 at 14:46:01 EST from IEEE Xplore. Restrictions apply. which each module uses...

  7. Incorporating on-line process data into a diagnostic knowledge-based system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Kai Hsuan

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    identified for incorporation into the system. Third, the statistical process control techniques of control charting to filter process information were applied to selected problems in the manufacturing process. Finally, the system was implemented and verified...

  8. Machine Learning Research Group Working Paper 912 Refining Algorithms with KnowledgeBased Neural Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liblit, Ben

    Networks: Improving the Chou­Fasman Algorithm for Protein Folding * Richard Maclin Jude W. Shavlik Computer­Fasman algorithm, a method for predicting how globular proteins fold. The Chou­Fasman algorithm cannot be elegantly and discuss the need for better definitions of solution quality for the protein­folding problem. 1

  9. Demonstration Integrated Knowledge-Based System for Estimating Human Error Probabilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Auflick, Jack L.

    1999-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Human Reliability Analysis (HRA) is currently comprised of at least 40 different methods that are used to analyze, predict, and evaluate human performance in probabilistic terms. Systematic HRAs allow analysts to examine human-machine relationships, identify error-likely situations, and provide estimates of relative frequencies for human errors on critical tasks, highlighting the most beneficial areas for system improvements. Unfortunately, each of HRA's methods has a different philosophical approach, thereby producing estimates of human error probabilities (HEPs) that area better or worse match to the error likely situation of interest. Poor selection of methodology, or the improper application of techniques can produce invalid HEP estimates, where that erroneous estimation of potential human failure could have potentially severe consequences in terms of the estimated occurrence of injury, death, and/or property damage.

  10. Text-mining applied to autoimmune disease research: the Sjögren¿s syndrome knowledge base

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gorr, Sven-Ulrik; Wennblom, Trevor J; Horvath, Steve; Wong, David TW; Michie, Sara A

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as: Gorr et al. : Text-mining applied to autoimmune diseaseARTICLE Open Access Text-mining applied to autoimmunein the field, we used text mining to generate the Sjögren’s

  11. Probabilistic Relational Model (PRM)_based Technical Knowledge Formalization for Dependability of an Industrial System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to develop a decision-making aid tool which purpose is to assess the dependability and performances). In order to improve business performances, maintenance is thus directly related to risk analysis to evaluate risk analysis, maintenance and dependability. The idea of this formalization is to unify multiple

  12. Measuring, monitoring, and assessing software process using PAMPA 2.0 knowledge-based system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jung, Jin Hwan

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    all phases of the application development cycle; planning, development, quality assurance, and support. Defect WorkFlow SoftQuest Systems Defect tracking and change management tool DevTrack TechExcel Defect and project tracking tool. Features... retrieval Risk Radar Software Program Manager?s Network Risk management tool in Excel Risk+ C/S Solutions Inc. Risk analysis add-on for Microsoft Project to quantify the cost and schedule uncertainty associated with project plans using Monte Carlo...

  13. Knowledge-based Registration & Segmentation of the Left Ventricle: A Level Set Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paragios, Nikos

    Paragios ¡ Mikael Rousson ¢ Visvanathan Ramesh ¡ ¡ Siemens Corporate Research ¢ I.N.R.I.A. 755 College Road-mail: nikos@scr.siemens.com Abstract In this paper, we propose a level set formulation to deal is obtained using the same criterion where the transformation that aligns the latest segmentation map

  14. A Representation-Based Methodology for Developing High-Value Knowledge Engineering Systems: Theory and Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Munger, Tyler Rey

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as Business Case Analysis, Concurrent Engineering, and Agilepractices, such as Concurrent Engineering, are described as

  15. Hyper-incursion and the Globalization of the Knowledge-Based Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leydesdorff, Loet

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In biological systems, the capacity of anticipation--that is, entertaining a model of the system within the system--can be considered as naturally given. Human languages enable psychological systems to construct and exchange mental models of themselves and their environments reflexively, that is, provide meaning to the events. At the level of the social system expectations can further be codified. When these codifications are functionally differentiated--like between market mechanisms and scientific research programs--the potential asynchronicity in the update among the subsystems provides room for a second anticipatory mechanism at the level of the transversal information exchange among differently codified meaning-processing subsystems. Interactions between the two different anticipatory mechanisms (the transversal one and the one along the time axis in each subsystem) may lead to co-evolutions and stabilization of expectations along trajectories. This recursive incursion on the incursive dynamics of expect...

  16. A Dredging Knowledge-Base Expert System for Pipeline Dredges with Comparison to Field Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Derek Alan

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 42 Dredge C and D parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 43 Dredge C pump parameters for Atchafalaya River on Project 5. . . . 130 44 Dredge D pump parameters for Atchafalaya River on Project 6. . . . 131 45 Savannah and New.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 45 Residual analysis between actual dredge production and theoreti- cal dredge production for Dredge A on Project 1. . . . . . . . . . . . 101 46 Pump 1 curves for Dredge A in Savannah River on Project 2. . . . . . 103 47 Pump 2 curves for Dredge A...

  17. Commonsense knowledge bases and network analysis Tanya Berger-Wolf and Dimitrios I. Diochnos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pluhár, András

    A and Causes (Havasi, Speer, and Alonso 2007; Havasi et al. 2009). Its data was initially collected via the web of a condensed version of the matrix, called AnalogySpace, are also available (Speer, Havasi, and Lieberman 2008

  18. Sampling-Based Motion Planning Using Uncertain Knowledge Technical Report 06-30

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : that the world is perfectly known, can be removed. We propose a predictive roadmap planner that incorporates. Experimental results in several domains indicate that the predictive roadmap is adept at planning despite sensors. In this work we focus on this final assumption. We propose a novel, predictive roadmap planning

  19. SUPPORTING DOMAIN SPECIFIC WEB-BASED SEARCH USING HEURISTIC KNOWLEDGE EXTRACTION 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunanathan, Sudharsan

    2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Modern search engines like Google support domain-independent search over the vast information contained in web documents. However domain-specific information access, such as finding less well-known people, locations, and ...

  20. ExpLSA: An Approach Based on Syntactic Knowledge in Order to Improve LSA for a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    by an expert. For ex- ample, exhaust pipe, windshield wiper, and rearview mirror terms can be asso- ciated

  1. A Tool to Support Knowledge Based Software Maintenance: The Software Service Jonathan I. Maletic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maletic, Jonathan I.

    ]: · Corrective · Perfective · Adaptive · Preventive/ Preservation Corrective maintenance is the correction, and corrective were originally used by Swanson [15]. Preventive maintenance is done to improve the future,8,14,12] and preventive maintenance is rarely done. However, it is assumed that a good software development methodology

  2. all-atom knowledge-based energy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Free Energy Estimates of All-atom Protein Structures Using Generalized Belief Propagation...

  3. A KNOWLEDGE BASED SYSTEM FOR PROVIDING INTELLIGENT ACCESS TO A PETROLEUM USER DATABASE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenberg, Steven

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thus, we might ask about oil consumption in New England lastmuch one oil is available for shipment or consumption at atime. consumption slot represents how much oil is locally

  4. The Question of Knowledge in Evidence-Based Design for Healthcare Facilities: Limitations and Suggestions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rashid, Mahbub

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is often embedded in the way humans organize societies and create cultural artifacts including symbolic systems. Donald Norman’s book The Design of Everyday Things (2002) in psychology and Edward Hall’s book The Hidden Dimension (1966) in anthropology... of the relationship between human psychology and the physical properties of the stimuli, and an inner psychophysics for the study of the relationship between human psychology and the physical properties of the brain (Fechner, 1860). Today, Fechner’s inner...

  5. International Journal of Uncertainty, Fuzziness and Knowledge-Based Systems c World Scientific Publishing Company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . Additionally, it is technologically feasible to store huge volumes of data with, more and more, lower costs. However, it results in an "information explosion" where there is a lot of useless data in which it is very technologies that make able to interpret the entire information available in order to find what is more

  6. References Aggeri, F. (1999). Environmental policies and innovation : a knowledge-based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of the French hemp system and its stakeholders. Journal of Industrial Hemp, 12(2), 67-85. hal-00696949,version1

  7. Improving Cyber-Security of Smart Grid Systems via Anomaly Detection and Linguistic Domain Knowledge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ondrej Linda; Todd Vollmer; Milos Manic

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The planned large scale deployment of smart grid network devices will generate a large amount of information exchanged over various types of communication networks. The implementation of these critical systems will require appropriate cyber-security measures. A network anomaly detection solution is considered in this work. In common network architectures multiple communications streams are simultaneously present, making it difficult to build an anomaly detection solution for the entire system. In addition, common anomaly detection algorithms require specification of a sensitivity threshold, which inevitably leads to a tradeoff between false positives and false negatives rates. In order to alleviate these issues, this paper proposes a novel anomaly detection architecture. The designed system applies the previously developed network security cyber-sensor method to individual selected communication streams allowing for learning accurate normal network behavior models. Furthermore, the developed system dynamically adjusts the sensitivity threshold of each anomaly detection algorithm based on domain knowledge about the specific network system. It is proposed to model this domain knowledge using Interval Type-2 Fuzzy Logic rules, which linguistically describe the relationship between various features of the network communication and the possibility of a cyber attack. The proposed method was tested on experimental smart grid system demonstrating enhanced cyber-security.

  8. Formalizing Multimedia Interpretation based on Abduction over Description Logic Aboxes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moeller, Ralf

    Formalizing Multimedia Interpretation based on Abduction over Description Logic Aboxes Sofia be formally derived using abduction over domain knowledge represented in an ontology. The approach uses rules, and formalizes the multimedia interpretation process using a combined abduction and deduction

  9. Design and modeling of carbon nanotube-based compliant mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DiBiasio, Christopher M. (Christopher Michael)

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this research is to generate the knowledge required to adapt macro- and microscale compliant mechanism theory to design carbon nanotube-based nano-scale compliant mechanisms. Molecular simulations of a ...

  10. Soil Mapping Using GIS, Expert Knowledge, and Fuzzy Logic A. X. Zhu*, B. Hudson, J. Burt, K. Lubich, and D. Simonson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, A-Xing

    Soil Mapping Using GIS, Expert Knowledge, and Fuzzy Logic A. X. Zhu*, B. Hudson, J. Burt, K. Lubich in conventional soil surveys.based fuzzy soil inference scheme (soil-land inference model, SoLIM) is described employing a similarity representation of soils, (ii) a set of (1996), and Zhu et al. (1997) have proposed

  11. Implementation Planning for the Introduction of Knowledge Management in an Aerospace Engineering Organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Neil

    2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The availability of information within an aerospace organization is required for engineers to perform activities. As information is considered, it’s the experience of the engineer that allows information to become knowledge for use. Knowledge...

  12. Technology, Knowledge, Culture, and Management: the keys The shift from industrial societies to information societies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kopec, Danny

    Technology, Knowledge, Culture, and Management: the keys to success Abstract The shift from to success: technology, knowledge, culture and management. Organizations employ technology with the goal of improving efficiency and reducing operational costs. Hence technology structures within organizations must

  13. Learning common sense knowledge from user interaction and principal component analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Speer, Robert (Robert H.)

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, I present a system for reasoning with common sense knowledge in multiple natural languages, as part of the Open Mind Common Sense project. The knowledge that Open Mind collects from volunteer contributors ...

  14. REPUTATIONS FOR TOUGHNESS IN PATENT ENFORCEMENT: IMPLICATIONS FOR KNOWLEDGE SPILLOVERS VIA INVENTOR MOBILITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    REPUTATIONS FOR TOUGHNESS IN PATENT ENFORCEMENT: IMPLICATIONS FOR KNOWLEDGE SPILLOVERS VIA INVENTOR, Intangible Assets, Patents, Knowledge Spillovers, Employee Mobility University of Singapore patent database, and Bhavan Sampat for input and advice on examiner- added cites. We

  15. Border-crossing knowledge networking among multinational firms : the case of R&D facilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shirvani-Mahdavi, Ali (Ali Agha), 1965-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (cont.) which is expected, given their additional knowledge resources. The respondents' urgency in looking for the relevant knowledge is the primary explanation for this difference between the two networks. This difference ...

  16. Demonstrating the benefits of knowledge management assets : developing and applying a valuation methodology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Aaron B

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the early 1980s numerous knowledge-dependent organizations have made diligent attempts to measure their intangible assets. In more recent years, knowledge-dependent organizations have expressed a desire to demonstrate ...

  17. The Oil and Natural Gas Knowledge Management Database from NETL

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Knowledge Management Database (KMD) Portal provides four options for searching the documents and data that NETL-managed oil and gas research has produced over the years for DOE’s Office of Fossil Energy. Information includes R&D carried out under both historical and ongoing DOE oil and gas research and development (R&D). The Document Repository, the CD/DVD Library, the Project Summaries from 1990 to the present, and the Oil and Natural Gas Program Reference Shelf provide a wide range of flexibility and coverage.

  18. SEB Secretariat and Knowledge Manager | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin ofEnergy at Waste-to-EnergySEAB_Minutes_1_20_11.pdfSEB Secretariat and Knowledge

  19. World Bank-Climate Change Knowledge Portal | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcat 1 Wind Project JumpWisconsin:World AgroforestryKnowledge Portal

  20. Hydrogen Knowledge and Opinions Assessment | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(Fact Sheet), GeothermalGridHYDROGEND D e e&Funding and theNear-termKnowledge

  1. Carbon Capture by a Continuous, Regenerative Ammonia-Based Scrubbing Process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Resnik, K.P.; Yeh, J.T.; Pennline, H.W.

    2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Overview: To develop a knowledge/data base to determine whether an ammonia-based scrubbing process is a viable regenerable-capture technique that can simultaneously remove carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, nitric oxides, and trace pollutants from flue gas.

  2. Neurocomputing 38}40 (2001) 1633}1641 Towards a federated neuroscienti"c knowledge management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ludäscher, Bertram

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LudaK scher , Amarnath Gupta , Rolf KoK tter Knowledge Mechanics Research Group, USC, Los Angeles, USA

  3. AN EXPLORATIVE ACTION RESEARCH STUDY TOWARD THE DESIGN OF A DIGITAL KNOWLEDGE ORGANISATION AS PART

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    Indigenous Knowledge Management Systems are being developed in order to preserve, process and retrieve OF AN INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM WITH A HERERO COMMUNITY A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT approach. The evolutionary design of our indigenous knowledge management system is informed by a series

  4. CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Copyright in the Knowledge Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Copyright in the Knowledge Economy Wellcome Trust response to Copyright in the Knowledge Economy November 2008 Page 1 of 8 European Commission: Copyright in the Knowledge Economy Response by the Wellcome Trust November 2008 1. The Wellcome Trust is pleased to have

  5. Nuclear Engineering & Radiation Health Physics Program Outcomes Ability to apply knowledge of mathematics, science, and engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    Nuclear Engineering & Radiation Health Physics Program Outcomes · Ability to apply knowledge · Knowledge of contemporary issues · Ability to use techniques, skills, and modern engineering tools necessary for engineering practice · Ability to apply knowledge of atomic and nuclear physics to nuclear and radiological

  6. A PLATFORM DEDICATED TO KNOWLEDGE ENGINEERING FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF IMAGE PROCESSING APPLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A PLATFORM DEDICATED TO KNOWLEDGE ENGINEERING FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF IMAGE PROCESSING APPLICATIONS.Revenu}@greyc.ensicaen.fr Keywords: Image processing, application formulation, knowledge engineering, ontology Abstract: In this paper, we propose a platform dedicated to the knowledge extraction and management for image pro- cessing

  7. Building the Right System Right Evaluating V&V Methods in Knowledge Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Preece, Alun

    Building the Right System Right Evaluating V&V Methods in Knowledge Engineering Alun Preece and validation (V&V) techniques are an essential part of the knowledge engineering process, because they offer. Without such a study, it is argued that knowledge engineering will remain very much an art. The Art

  8. Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences Knowledge Representation and Automated Reasoning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gozuacik, Devrim

    Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences AI Day on Knowledge Representation and Automated representations of knowledge manipulated by reasoning engines are an integral and crucial component of intelligent Reasoning Wednesday, 21 May 2008 13:40­15:30, FENS G035 15:40­17:00, FENS G029 Knowledge Representation

  9. Knowledge Management in Software Engineering: A Systematic Review of Studied Concepts and Research Methods Used

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knowledge Management in Software Engineering: A Systematic Review of Studied Concepts and Research-mail: torgeir.dingsoyr@sintef.no Abstract. Software engineering is knowledge-intensive work, and how to manage software engineering knowledge has received much attention. This systematic review identifies empirical

  10. Advanced Engineering Informatics, 2004 (To appear) Deployment of an Ontological Framework of Functional Design Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mizoguchi, Riichiro

    design knowledge on production systems since May, 2001. An empirical evaluation by Sumitomo's engineers The importance of knowledge sharing among designers and engineers has been widely recognized in knowledgeAdvanced Engineering Informatics, 2004 (To appear) - 1 - Deployment of an Ontological Framework

  11. Extracting knowledge from data originated in web sites Juan D. Velsquez 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baeza-Yates, Ricardo

    Extracting knowledge from data originated in web sites Juan D. Velásquez © 2005 1 Web mining Extracting knowledge from data originated in web sites Juan D. VelJuan D. Veláásquez Silvasquez Silva knowledge from data originated in web sites Juan D. Velásquez © 2005 2 Outline 1. Motivation. 2. Web

  12. Power in Knowledge Management in Late Modern Times Hamid R. Ekbia1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    AOM-13517 1 Power in Knowledge Management in Late Modern Times Hamid R. Ekbia1 & Rob Kling2 1 will be greatly appreciated.) #12;AOM-13517 2 Power in Knowledge Management in Late Modern Times Abstract of knowledge management, especially as they relate to power relationships inside and outside organizations. We

  13. RefWorks: Importing search results from ISI Web of KnowledgeSM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Page 1/2 RefWorks: Importing search results from ISI Web of KnowledgeSM databases http://isiknowledge.com In ISI Web of KnowledgeSM databases (Web of Science® , BIOSIS® , CAB Abstracts® , Zoological Record, but these instructions apply to any database on the ISI Web of Knowledge platform. 1. On the Search Results screen

  14. Biofuel Enduse Datasets from the Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework (KDF)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework invites users to discover the power of bioenergy through an interface that provides extensive access to research data and literature, GIS mapping tools, and collaborative networks. The Bioenergy KDF supports efforts to develop a robust and sustainable bioenergy industry. The KDF facilitates informed decision making by providing a means to synthesize, analyze, and visualize vast amounts of information in a relevant and succinct manner. It harnesses Web 2.0 and social networking technologies to build a collective knowledge system that can better examine the economic and environmental impacts of development options for biomass feedstock production, biorefineries, and related infrastructure. [copied from https://www.bioenergykdf.net/content/about]

    Holdings include datasets, models, and maps. This is a very new resource, but the collections will grow due to both DOE contributions and individualsÆ data uploads. Currently the Biofuel Enduse collection includes 133 items. Most of these are categorized as literature, but 36 are listed as datasets and ten as models.

  15. Transforming big data into knowledge : experimental techniques in dynamic visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kennedy, Stephen James, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Information visualizations, especially those utilizing web-based platforms, are becoming an increasingly common medium for exchanging ideas. This emergent class of tools enabling web-based, interactive platforms for ...

  16. DATA COLLECTION, QUALITY ASSURANCE, AND ANALYSIS PLAN FOR THE 2008/2009 HYDROGEN AND FUEL CELLS KNOWLEDGE AND OPINIONS SURVEYS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schmoyer, Richard L [ORNL; Truett, Lorena Faith [ORNL; Diegel, Susan W [ORNL

    2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 2008/2009 Knowledge and Opinions Survey, conducted for the Department of Energy's Hydrogen Program will measure the levels of awareness and understanding of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies within five target populations: (1) the general public, (2) students, (3) personnel in state and local governments, (4) potential end users of hydrogen fuel and fuel cell technologies in business and industry, and (5) safety and code officials. The ultimate goal of the surveys is a statistically valid, nationally based assessment. Distinct information collections are required for each of the target populations. Each instrument for assessing baseline knowledge is targeted to the corresponding population group. While many questions are identical across all populations, some questions are unique to each respondent group. The biggest data quality limitation of the hydrogen survey data (at least of the general public and student components) will be nonresponse bias. To ensure as high a response rate as possible, various measures will be taken to minimize nonresponse, including automated callbacks, cycling callbacks throughout the weekdays, and availability of Spanish speaking interviewers. Statistical adjustments (i.e., sampling weights) will also be used to account for nonresponse and noncoverage. The primary objective of the data analysis is to estimate the proportions of target population individuals who would respond to the questions in the various possible ways. Data analysis will incorporate necessary adjustments for the sampling design and sampling weights (i.e., probability sampling). Otherwise, however, the analysis will involve standard estimates of proportions of the interviewees responding in various ways to the questions. Sample-weight-adjusted contingency table chi-square tests will also be computed to identify differences between demographic groups The first round of Knowledge and Opinions Surveys was conducted in 2004. Analysis of these surveys produced a baseline assessment of technical knowledge about hydrogen and fuel cells and a statistically valid description of opinions about safety and potential usage in the United States. The current surveys will repeat the process used in 2004. In addition the 2008/2009 survey results will be compared with the 2004 baseline results to assess changes in knowledge levels and opinions. In 2011/2012, the surveys will be repeated, and changes in knowledge and opinions will again be assessed. The information gained from these surveys will be used to enhance and update the DOE Hydrogen Program's education efforts.

  17. Ris's mission is to create new knowledge based on world-class research, and to ensure that our knowledge is used to promote the development of an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    +YSZ Ni+YSZ YSZ LSM+YSZ Electrolyte supported Ni+YSZ YSZ LSCF CGO FeCr Ni+Ceria LSCF Ceria temperature 1000 °C 800 °C 600 °C 400 °C Anode supported FeCr Ni+SSZ LSCF SSZ Metal supported Metal supported #12

  18. A Zero Knowledge Protocol For Nuclear Warhead Verification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glaser, Alexander [Princeton, Univ., NJ (United States). Program on Science and Global Security] [Princeton, Univ., NJ (United States). Program on Science and Global Security; Goldston, Robert J. [Princeton Plasma Physics Lab., Princeton, NJ (United States)] [Princeton Plasma Physics Lab., Princeton, NJ (United States)

    2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The verification of nuclear warheads for arms control faces a paradox: International inspectors must gain high confidence in the authenticity of submitted items while learning nothing about them. Conventional inspection systems featuring ''information barriers'', designed to hide measurments stored in electronic systems, are at risk of tampering and snooping. Here we show the viability of fundamentally new approach to nuclear warhead verification that incorporates a zero-knowledge protocol, designed such that sensitive information is never measured so does not need to be hidden. We interrogate submitted items with energetic neutrons, making in effect, differential measurements of neutron transmission and emission. Calculations of diversion scenarios show that a high degree of discrimination can be achieved while revealing zero information. Timely demonstration of the viability of such an approach could be critical for the nexxt round of arms-control negotiations, which will likely require verification of individual warheads, rather than whole delivery systems.

  19. EM-21 Retrieval Knowledge Center: Waste Retrieval Challenges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fellinger, Andrew P.; Rinker, Michael W.; Berglin, Eric J.; Minichan, Richard L.; Poirier, Micheal R.; Gauglitz, Phillip A.; Martin, Bruce A.; Hatchell, Brian K.; Saldivar, Eloy; Mullen, O Dennis; Chapman, Noel F.; Wells, Beric E.; Gibbons, Peter W.

    2009-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    EM-21 is the Waste Processing Division of the Office of Engineering and Technology, within the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Environmental Management (EM). In August of 2008, EM-21 began an initiative to develop a Retrieval Knowledge Center (RKC) to provide the DOE, high level waste retrieval operators, and technology developers with centralized and focused location to share knowledge and expertise that will be used to address retrieval challenges across the DOE complex. The RKC is also designed to facilitate information sharing across the DOE Waste Site Complex through workshops, and a searchable database of waste retrieval technology information. The database may be used to research effective technology approaches for specific retrieval tasks and to take advantage of the lessons learned from previous operations. It is also expected to be effective for remaining current with state-of-the-art of retrieval technologies and ongoing development within the DOE Complex. To encourage collaboration of DOE sites with waste retrieval issues, the RKC team is co-led by the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). Two RKC workshops were held in the Fall of 2008. The purpose of these workshops was to define top level waste retrieval functional areas, exchange lessons learned, and develop a path forward to support a strategic business plan focused on technology needs for retrieval. The primary participants involved in these workshops included retrieval personnel and laboratory staff that are associated with Hanford and Savannah River Sites since the majority of remaining DOE waste tanks are located at these sites. This report summarizes and documents the results of the initial RKC workshops. Technology challenges identified from these workshops and presented here are expected to be a key component to defining future RKC-directed tasks designed to facilitate tank waste retrieval solutions.

  20. Multimedia Education Increases Elder Knowledge of Emergency Department Care

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Terndrup, Thomas E; Ali, Sameer; Hulse, Steve; Shaffer, Michele; Lloyd, Tom

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2013 Terndrup et al Multimedia Education Increases Elderenabled interactive multimedia asthma education program: A68:131–155. CONCLUSION Multimedia based short educational

  1. Learning style impact on knowledge gains in human patient simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shinnick, MA; Woo, MA

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the preference for simulation as a learning style. Singap.of high- ?delity simulation-based learning: a case reportdelity simulation: does it correlate with learning styles?

  2. Learning style impact on knowledge gains in human patient simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shinnick, MA; Woo, MA

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the preference for simulation as a learning style. Singap.of high- ?delity simulation-based learning: a case reportdelity simulation: does it correlate with learning styles?

  3. A review of "Secrets and Knowledge in Medicine and Science, 1500-1800" edited by Elaine Leong and Alisha Rankin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelter, Irving A.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the view of musicians in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries that do not necessarily re#24; ect a historical development. Elaine Leong and Alisha Rankin, eds. Secrets and Knowledge in Medicine and Science, 1500-1800. Farnham, England and Burlington... is by Michelle DiMeo who contends that the London-based Hartlib circle was not totally in favor of openness and against secrecy in natural philosophy and medicine. Part #22; ree moves into the dangerous world of illicit secrets. Tara Nummedal peers...

  4. Acception Based Approach for Multilingual Lexical Databases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of these projects use an interlingual approach (KBMT-89, EDR, ...), where others choose a bilingual approach dictionary as much as possible. EDR and KBMT-89 projects (which use a knowledge based approach) are faced multilingues. Certains utilisent une approche interlingue (KBMT-89, EDR, ...), alors que d'autres ont choisi

  5. Systems and methods for knowledge discovery in spatial data

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Obradovic, Zoran; Fiez, Timothy E.; Vucetic, Slobodan; Lazarevic, Aleksandar; Pokrajac, Dragoljub; Hoskinson, Reed L.

    2005-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Systems and methods are provided for knowledge discovery in spatial data as well as to systems and methods for optimizing recipes used in spatial environments such as may be found in precision agriculture. A spatial data analysis and modeling module is provided which allows users to interactively and flexibly analyze and mine spatial data. The spatial data analysis and modeling module applies spatial data mining algorithms through a number of steps. The data loading and generation module obtains or generates spatial data and allows for basic partitioning. The inspection module provides basic statistical analysis. The preprocessing module smoothes and cleans the data and allows for basic manipulation of the data. The partitioning module provides for more advanced data partitioning. The prediction module applies regression and classification algorithms on the spatial data. The integration module enhances prediction methods by combining and integrating models. The recommendation module provides the user with site-specific recommendations as to how to optimize a recipe for a spatial environment such as a fertilizer recipe for an agricultural field.

  6. How to Successfully Implement a Knowledge Management System for the Mechanical Engineering Department at Gating Incorporated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mudd, John

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    , utilizing some of the strategies, for the implementation of a Knowledge Management System for the Mechanical Engineering Department at Gating Incorporated....

  7. Knowledge integration for problem solving in the development of complex aerospace systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haddad, Marc George

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of complex products requires widespread knowledge interactions among a significant number of individuals and teams designing numerous interrelated components. Increasing product complexity typically leads ...

  8. How Leadership Content Knowledge in Writing Influeces Leadership Practice in Elementary Schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olsen, Heather Stuart

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Challenge: Lessons on leadership for school development. InM. A. Datnow (Ed. ), Leadership lessons from comprehensiveK. , & Nelson, B. S. (2003). Leadership content knowledge.

  9. Software Interoperability Problems and E-University Koblenz-Landau, Knowledge Media Institute,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Software Interoperability Problems and E- Learning Ingo Dahn University Koblenz-Landau, Knowledge Media Institute, Universitätsstr. 1, D-56070 Koblenz dahn@uni-koblenz.de Abstract Grid applications

  10. A Sandia nuclear weapon knowledge management program plan for FY 1998--2003. Volume 1: Synopsis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This volume contains a synopsis and briefing charts for a five-year plan which describes a Knowledge Management Program needed to meet Sandia`s responsibility for maintaining safety, security, reliability, and operational effectiveness of the nuclear weapon stockpile. Although the knowledge and expertise required to maintain and upgrade the stockpile continues to be critical to the country`s defense, Sandia`s historical process for developing and advancing future knowledge and expertise needs to be addressed. This plan recommends implementing an aggressive Knowledge Management Program to assure retention and furtherance of Sandia`s expertise, beginning in fiscal year 1998, as an integrated approach to solving the expertise dilemma.

  11. Knowledge Processing for Autonomous Robot Control Moritz Tenorth and Michael Beetz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knowledge Processing for Autonomous Robot Control Moritz Tenorth and Michael Beetz Intelligent¨unchen {tenorth,beetz}@cs.tum.edu Abstract Successfully accomplishing everyday manipulation tasks re- quires

  12. A little knowledge can go a long way

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yiling

    effort is all you can ask A single event can have infinitely many interpretations A solid home base builds a sense of self A strong sense of duty imprisons you Absolute submission can be a form of freedom

  13. Improving Collocation Correction by Ranking Suggestions Using Linguistic Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Information (PMI) that reflects the fact that in a collocation, it is the base that is subject of the free dependencies, sub- categorization, PMI. Roberto Carlini, Joan Codina-Filba and Leo Wanner 2014. Improving

  14. KNOWLEDGE INTEGRATION THROUH A PLM APPROACH Aurlie BISSAY, Lyon University, F-69676, Bron, Lyon 2 Lumire University, LIESP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    KNOWLEDGE INTEGRATION THROUH A PLM APPROACH Aurélie BISSAY, Lyon University, F- 69676, Bron, Lyon 2 an approach of knowledge capitalization within a PLM (Product Lifecycle Management) system. We propose a methodology which allows knowledge integration through a PLM system. Knowledge integration is realized during

  15. THE ENGINEERING TALENT PIPELINE Enhancing the Pathway to Academic Success

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    , to succeed in science and engineering. These programs benefit all students, since the success of future proven strategies to increase diverse student participation in science, technology, engineering and math-on nature of engineering. The camp culminates in students applying their math, physics and chemistry

  16. SCHOOL CODE: 2007-2008 UAB MATH TALENT SEARCH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blokh, Alexander

    ANSWER: PROBLEM 6 (90 pts) Early in the morning a camel started walking from an oasis A to an oasis B. Simultaneously, a donkey started walk- ing from the oasis B to the oasis A. They met at noon and continued on their paths with the same speed. The camel came to the oasis B at 4pm while the donkey came to the oasis

  17. Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials Graduate Student Talent Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilchrist, James F.

    .D. Materials Science and Engineering, Lehigh University, 2009 M.S. Materials Science Program, Indian Institute.D., Materials Science and Engineering, Lehigh University, 2011 (expected) M.E., Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China, 2007 B.E., Polymeric Materials Science and Engineering

  18. Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials Graduate Student Talent Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilchrist, James F.

    include efficiency enhancement in dye sensitized solar cell (DSSC) with microlens arrays. 12:40-1:10 p

  19. Surveying China’s Science and Technology Human Talents Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    YANG, Fan

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    STUDY OF INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY IN CHINA RESEARCH BRIEFThe Study of Innovation and Technology in China (SITC) is ain Science and Technology Innovation—was es- tablished in

  20. Giving Back Through Our Talented STEM Professionals | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy: Thomas P. D'Agostino,

  1. Strengthening Today's Science Talent to Become Tomorrow's Science Leaders |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssues DOE's NuclearSpurringSteam SystemsStrategic Programs4 E

  2. Leveraging Veteran Talent: The Opportunity for the Clean Energy Industry |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn12electron 9 5Let us count the ways. We've13, 2009Department

  3. Strengthening Today's Science Talent to Become Tomorrow's Science Leaders |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary900Steep SlopeStochasticPlanHigh-LevelStreamliningDepartment

  4. White brings talent, energy to PPPL's small business program | Princeton

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron SpinPrincetonUsingWhat is a “Shut-down” inEmissions

  5. FALL 2008 UAB MATH TALENT SEARCH The sixth annual UAB MTS (Math Talent Search) Contest took place on campus on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blokh, Alexander

    .m. There were 147 students, grades 10 and 11, from 9 high schools participating. With coaches and chaperones, we the challenging task of grading and judging the answers of the 147 students. The graders did an excellent job of determining winners. By 12:45pm the outcome of the contest was decided. The Awards Ceremony began at 1pm

  6. DATA MINING FOR A WEB-BASED EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DATA MINING FOR A WEB-BASED EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM By Behrouz Minaei-Bidgoli A DISSERTATION Submitted Department of Computer Science and Engineering 2004 #12;ii ABSTRACT DATA MINING FOR A WEB-BASED EDUCATIONAL mining and knowledge discovery techniques can be applied to find interesting relationships between

  7. Model-based Lifecycle Optimization of Well Locations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van den Hof, Paul

    Model-based Lifecycle Optimization of Well Locations and Production Settings in Petroleum Reservoirs #12;#12;MODEL-BASED LIFECYCLE OPTIMIZATION OF WELL LOCATIONS AND PRODUCTION SETTINGS IN PETROLEUM System Approach Petroleum Production" (ISAPP) programme. The knowledge center is a long-term co

  8. Experiences with a Course on \\Web{Based Statistics"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Symanzik, Jürgen

    Experiences with a Course on \\Web{Based Statistics" Jurgen Symanzik Natascha Vukasinovic Utah State@sunfs.math.usu.edu Abstract Many Statistics courses have been taught that make use of Web{based statistical tools such as teachware tools, electronic textbooks, and statistical software on the Web. However, to our best knowledge

  9. Teaching Experiences with a Course on ``Web--Based Statistics''

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Symanzik, Jürgen

    Teaching Experiences with a Course on ``Web--Based Statistics'' J¨urgen Symanzik Natascha@sunfs.math.usu.edu Abstract Many Statistics courses have been taught that make use of Web--based statistical tools such as teachware tools, electronic textbooks, and statistical software on the Web. However, to our best knowledge

  10. Teaching Experiences with a Course on \\Web{Based Statistics"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Symanzik, Jürgen

    Teaching Experiences with a Course on \\Web{Based Statistics" Jurgen Symanzik Natascha Vukasinovic@sunfs.math.usu.edu Abstract Many Statistics courses have been taught that make use of Web{based statistical tools such as teachware tools, electronic textbooks, and statistical software on the Web. However, to our best knowledge

  11. Knowledge economy, Learning society and Lifelong Learning A review of the French literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Knowledge economy, Learning society and Lifelong Learning A review of the French literature savoir" or more often "économie de la connaissance" (knowledge economy-KE-). Similar difficulties arise economy (or society) and the initial and further education systems. But it also could explain why some

  12. Using Background Knowledge to Rank Itemsets Nikolaj Tatti and Michael Mampaey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for more flexible approaches for infus- ing background knowledge. Namely, we show that we can efficiently that these statistics describe forms of data that occur in practice and have been studied in data mining. To infuse-first search strate- gies [2,21]. The drawback of frequency is that we cannot infuse any background knowledge

  13. School Directors of Research and Knowledge Exchange (DRKE) and Research and Enterprise Co-ordinators (REC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    School Directors of Research and Knowledge Exchange (DRKE) and Research and Enterprise Co-ordinators (REC) ARTS & HUMANITIES School Director of Research and Knowledge Exchange (DRKE) School Research) Ian Gazeley Fiona Allan Media, Film & Music (MFM) Caroline Bassett Sarah Maddox SCIENCES School

  14. To Ontologise or Not To Ontologise: An Information Model for a Geospatial Knowledge Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stock, Kristin

    To Ontologise or Not To Ontologise: An Information Model for a Geospatial Knowledge Infrastructure Robertsong *a Centre for Geospatial Science, School of Geography, University of Nottingham, NG7 2RD, UK, University of Edinburgh, UK f University of Muenster, Germany g EDINA, UK A geospatial knowledge

  15. Book Reviews Cold War Social Science: Knowledge Production, Liberal Democracy, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solovey, Mark

    Book Reviews Cold War Social Science: Knowledge Production, Liberal Democracy, and Human Nature, could be relevant to historians of econom- ics. However, the idea that the Cold War provides Cravens's edited volume, Cold War Social Science: Knowledge Production, Liberal Democracy, and Human

  16. Take into account knowledge constraints for design of TEL environments in medical education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Vadcard [8] proposes three types of knowledge that are at stake during this learning activity: declarative an adaptive intelligent tutoring system in medical education. We present our learning knowledge design environments need an appropriate learning situation to improve a kind of learning, but sometimes learning

  17. A Review of Mathematical Knowledge Jacques Carette and William M. Farmer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carette, Jacques

    of Computing and Software McMaster University Hamilton, Ontario, Canada Abstract. Mathematical Knowledge and Olga Caprotti organized the First Inter- national Workshop on Mathematical Knowledge Management [6, 7 sophisticated software tools. MKM is expected to serve mathematicians, scien- tists, and engineers who produce

  18. US-India Education Foundation (USIEF): "Obama-Singh 21st Century Knowledge Initiative"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahar, Sultana Nurun

    US-India Education Foundation (USIEF): "Obama-Singh 21st Century Knowledge Initiative" Award competitive grant from the US-India Education Foundation (USIEF), under the Obama-Singh 21st Century Knowledge Initiative, for a pilot project to train STEM faculty in partnership with the Aligarh Muslim University

  19. CiteSpace II: Visualization and Knowledge Discovery in Bibliographic Databases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Chaomei

    , and extracting knowledge is analogous to the sorting, cleaning, and grading process involved in mining minerals were extracted from PubMed and Web of Science (WOS) and developed as testbeds for evaluation as the automated or convenient extraction of patterns representing knowledge explicitly stored in large databases

  20. Organizational Learning and Knowledge Development Peculiarities in Small and Medium Family Enterprises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Organizational Learning and Knowledge Development Peculiarities in Small and Medium Family Enterprises Abstract The aim of this theoretical contribution is to analyze the processes of organizational of piece of information and knowledge take place not only in the organizational context but also