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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "km satellite modeled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Next-Day Convection-Allowing WRF Model Guidance: A Second Look at 2-km versus 4-km Grid Spacing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the 2007 NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed (HWT) Spring Experiment, the Center for Analysis and Prediction of Storms (CAPS) at the University of Oklahoma produced convection-allowing forecasts from a single deterministic 2-km model and a 10-...

Craig S. Schwartz; John S. Kain; Steven J. Weiss; Ming Xue; David R. Bright; Fanyou Kong; Kevin W. Thomas; Jason J. Levit; Michael C. Coniglio

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Satellite-Scale Snow Water Equivalent Assimilation into a High-Resolution Land Surface Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Four methods based on the ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) are tested to assimilate coarse-scale (25 km) snow water equivalent (SWE) observations (typical of passive microwave satellite retrievals) into finescale (1 km) land model simulations. ...

Gabrille J. M. De Lannoy; Rolf H. Reichle; Paul R. Houser; Kristi R. Arsenault; Niko E. C. Verhoest; Valentijn R. N. Pauwels

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Association of Tropical Cirrus in the 1015-km Layer with Deep Convective Sources: An Observational Study Combining Millimeter Radar Data and Satellite-Derived Trajectories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, millimeter cloud radar (MMCR) and Geosynchronous Meteorological Satellite (GMS) data are combined to study the properties of tropical cirrus that are common in the 1015-km layer of the tropical troposphere in the western Pacific. ...

Gerald G. Mace; Min Deng; Brian Soden; Ed Zipser

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Brazil Latitude Tilted Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files.
The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed...

5

Brazil Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files.
The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed...

6

Operational Implementation of the FritschChappell Convective Scheme in the 24-km Canadian Regional Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective and subjective evaluations that led to the implementation of the Fritsch and Chappell (FC) convective scheme in the new 24-km Canadian operational regional model are described in this study. Objective precipitation scores computed ...

Stphane Blair; Andr Mthot; Jocelyn Mailhot; Bernard Bilodeau; Alain Patoine; Grard Pellerin; Jean Ct

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

A Global Database of Land Surface Parameters at 1-km Resolution in Meteorological and Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ecoclimap, a new complete surface parameter global dataset at a 1-km resolution, is presented. It is intended to be used to initialize the soilvegetationatmosphere transfer schemes (SVATs) in meteorological and climate models (at all horizontal ...

Valry Masson; Jean-Louis Champeaux; Fabrice Chauvin; Christelle Meriguet; Roselyne Lacaze

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Brazil Latitude Tilted Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR 40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Latitude tilted solar radiation in kWh/m2/day for 1 year organized into cells with 40km x 40km (Purpose): To provide a set of consistent, reliable, verifiable, and accessible global data sets for international and in-country investors and other stakeholders (Supplemental Information): The BRASIL-SR model and the SPRING software (both developed by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files.The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed through the evaluation of the deviations shown by the estimated values for solar radiation flux vis-à-vis the values measured at the surface (ground truth). This evaluation was done in two phases. The first phase

9

Brazil Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

40km) from INPE 40km) from INPE Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Global horizontal solar radiation in kWh/m2/day for 1 year organized into cells with 40km x 40km (Purpose): To provide a set of consistent, reliable, verifiable, and accessible global data sets for international and in-country investors and other stakeholders (Supplemental Information): The BRASIL-SR model and the SPRING software (both developed by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files. The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed through the evaluation of the deviations shown by the estimated values for solar radiation flux vis-à-vis the values measured at the surface (ground truth). This evaluation was done in two phases. The first phase consisted in an inter-comparison between the core radiation transfer models adopted by the SWERA Project to map the solar energy in the various countries participating in the project. The HELIOSAT model took art in this phase like benchmark due to its employment to map solar energy resources in countries from European Union. In the second phase, the solar flux estimates provided by the BRASIL-SR model were compared with measured values acquired at several solarimetric stations spread along the Brazilian territory.

10

Brazil PAR Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR 40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Photosynthetically active radiation in kWh/m2/day for 1 year organized into cells with 40km x 40km (Purpose): The BRASIL-SR model and the SPRING software (both developed by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files (Supplemental Information): The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed through the evaluation of the deviations shown by the estimated values for solar radiation flux vis-à-vis the values measured at the surface (ground truth). This evaluation was done in two phases. The first phase consisted in an inter-comparison between the core radiation transfer models adopted by the SWERA Project to map the solar energy in the various countries participating in the project. The HELIOSAT model took part in this phase like benchmark due to its employment to map solar energy resources in countries from European Union. In the second phase, the solar flux estimates provided by the BRASIL-SR model were compared with measured values acquired at several solarimetric stations spread along the Brazilian territory

11

Brazil Direct Normal Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR 40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Normal direct solar radiation in kWh/m2/day for 1 year organized into cells with 40km x 40km (Purpose): To provide a set of consistent, reliable, verifiable, and accessible global data sets for international and in-country investors and other stakeholders (Supplemental Information): The BRASIL-SR model and the SPRING software (both developed by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files. The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed through the evaluation of the deviations shown by the estimated values for solar radiation flux vis-à-vis the values measured at the surface (ground truth). This evaluation was done in two phases. The first phase consisted in an inter-comparison between the core radiation transfer models adopted by the SWERA Project to map the solar energy in the various countries participating in the project. The HELIOSAT model took part in this phase like benchmark due to its employment to map solar energy resources in countries from European Union. In the second phase, the solar flux estimates provided by the BRASIL-SR model were compared with measured values acquired at several solarimetric stations spread along the Brazilian territory.

12

Brazil Direct Normal Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR 10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Normal direct solar radiation in kWh/m2/day for 1 year organized into cells with 10km x 10km (Purpose): The BRASIL-SR model and the SPRING software (both developed by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files (Supplemental Information): The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed through the evaluation of the deviations shown by the estimated values for solar radiation flux vis-à-vis the values measured at the surface (ground truth). This evaluation was done in two phases. The first phase consisted in an inter-comparison between the core radiation transfer models adopted by the SWERA Project to map the solar energy in the various countries participating in the project. The HELIOSAT model took part in this phase like benchmark due to its employment to map solar energy resources in countries from European Union. In the second phase, the solar flux estimates provided by the BRASIL-SR model were compared with measured values acquired at several solarimetric stations spread along the Brazilian territory

13

Brazil Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

10km) from INPE 10km) from INPE Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Global horizontal solar radiation in kWh/m2/day for 1 year organized into cells with 10km x 10km (Purpose): The BRASIL-SR model and the SPRING software (both developed by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files (Supplemental Information): The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed through the evaluation of the deviations shown by the estimated values for solar radiation flux vis-à-vis the values measured at the surface (ground truth). This evaluation was done in two phases. The first phase consisted in an inter-comparison between the core radiation transfer models adopted by the SWERA Project to map the solar energy in the various countries participating in the project. The HELIOSAT model took part in this phase like benchmark due to its employment to map solar energy resources in countries from European Union. In the second phase, the solar flux estimates provided by the BRASIL-SR model were compared with measured values acquired at several solarimetric stations spread along the Brazilian territory

14

Brazil PAR Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR 10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Photosynthetically active radiation in kWh/m2/day for 1 year organized into cells with 10km x 10km (Purpose): The BRASIL-SR model and the SPRING software (both developed by INPE -National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files (Supplemental Information): The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed through the evaluation of the deviations shown by the estimated values for solar radiation flux vis-à-vis the values measured at the surface (ground truth). This evaluation was done in two phases. The first phase consisted in an inter-comparison between the core radiation transfer models adopted by the SWERA Project to map the solar energy in the various countries participating in the project. The HELIOSAT model took part in this phase like benchmark due to its employment to map solar energy resources in countries from European Union. In the second phase, the solar flux estimates provided by the BRASIL-SR model were compared with measured values acquired at several solarimetric stations spread along the Brazilian territory

15

Brazil Latitude Tilted Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR 10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Latitude tilted solar radiation in kWh/m2/day for 1 year organized into cells with 10km x 10km (Purpose): The BRASIL-SR model and the SPRING software (both developed by INPE -National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files (Supplemental Information): The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed through the evaluation of the deviations shown by the estimated values for solar radiation flux vis-à-vis the values measured at the surface (ground truth). This evaluation was done in two phases. The first phase consisted in an inter-comparison between the core radiation transfer models adopted by the SWERA Project to map the solar energy in the various countries participating in the project. The HELIOSAT model took part in this phase like benchmark due to its employment to map solar energy resources incountries from European Union. In the second phase, the solar flux estimates providedby the BRASIL-SR model were compared with measured values acquired at several solarimetric stations spread along the Brazilian territory

16

Single-Column Modeling D. A. Randall and K.-M. Xu Colorado State University  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

D. A. Randall and K.-M. Xu D. A. Randall and K.-M. Xu Colorado State University Department of Atmospheric Science Fort Collins, CO 80523 Introduction Our ARM project consists of developing and demonstrating improved cloud formation parameterizations by using both a single-column model (SCM) and a cumulus ensemble model (CEM), together with ARM data. These two models can be driven with "large-scale forcing" (e.g., vertical motion) as observed in ARM; each model produces a field of clouds and the associated radiation and precipitation fields. The SCM does so through its physical parameterizations, while the CEM does so by "directly simulating" convective cloud circulations. The improved parameterizations tested in this way will be further tested and applied in the Colorado State University (CSU) general

17

Simulation of the Recent Multidecadal Increase of Atlantic Hurricane Activity Using an 18-km-Grid Regional Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, a new modeling framework for simulating Atlantic hurricane activity is introduced. The model is an 18-km-grid nonhydrostatic regional model, run over observed specified SSTs and nudged toward observed time-varying large-scale ...

Thomas R. Knutson; Joseph J. Sirutis; Stephen T. Garner; Isaac M. Held; Robert E. Tuleya

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

A Simulation of a Squall Line Using a Nonhydrostatic Cloud Model with a 5-km Horizontal Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A three-dimensional nonhydrostatic cloud model is used to simulate the squall line observed in central Texas on 11 April 1979. The cloud model covers an area 400 400 km2 with a 5-km horizontal resolution and is supplied initial and boundary ...

Richard S. Hemler; Frank B. Lipps; Bruce B. Ross

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Developing an organizational attributes-based continuous-learning KM model for knowledge-intensive small firms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we draw on the knowledge market analogy and integrate the considerations of organizational culture and attributes, knowledge management (KM) guiding principles and continuous learning-based systems development into the design of a model ... Keywords: KM guiding principles, continuous learning, knowledge intensive firms, knowledge management, knowledge market, organizational culture

Pi-Sheng Deng

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Biogeochemistry of Carbon in the Amazonian Floodplains over a 2000-km Reach: Insights from a Process-Based Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of Amazonian floodplains on the hydrological, sedimentary, and biogeochemical river budget was investigated over a 2000-km reach. A process-based model relying on the closure of chemical fluxes and isotopic signals was implemented. ...

Vincent Bustillo; Reynaldo Luiz Victoria; Jose Mauro Sousa de Moura; Daniel de Castro Victoria; Andre Marcondes Andrade Toledo; Erich Colicchio

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "km satellite modeled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

The Regional Analysis System for the Operational Early Eta Model: Original 80-km Configuration and Recent Changes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The analysis component of the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) operational early 80-km eta model, as implemented in July 1993, is described. This optimum interpolation (OI) analysis is fully multivariate for wind and ...

Eric Rogers; Dennis G. Deaven; Geoffrey S. Dimego

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Tropical Cyclone Climatology in a 10-km Global Atmospheric GCM: Toward Weather-Resolving Climate Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Northern Hemisphere tropical cyclone (TC) activity is investigated in multiyear global climate simulations with the ECMWF Integrated Forecast System (IFS) at 10-km resolution forced by the observed records of sea surface temperature and sea ice. ...

Julia V. Manganello; Kevin I. Hodges; James L. Kinter III; Benjamin A. Cash; Lawrence Marx; Thomas Jung; Deepthi Achuthavarier; Jennifer M. Adams; Eric L. Altshuler; Bohua Huang; Emilia K. Jin; Cristiana Stan; Peter Towers; Nils Wedi

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Validation of PV performance models using satellite-based irradiance measurements : a case study.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Photovoltaic (PV) system performance models are relied upon to provide accurate predictions of energy production for proposed and existing PV systems under a wide variety of environmental conditions. Ground based meteorological measurements are only available from a relatively small number of locations. In contrast, satellite-based radiation and weather data (e.g., SUNY database) are becoming increasingly available for most locations in North America, Europe, and Asia on a 10 x 10 km grid or better. This paper presents a study of how PV performance model results are affected when satellite-based weather data is used in place of ground-based measurements.

Stein, Joshua S.; Parkins, Andrew (Clean Power Research); Perez, Richard (University at Albany)

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Cross Validation of Satellite Radiation Transfer Models during...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cross Validation of Satellite Radiation Transfer Models during SWERA Project in Brazil (Abstract):This work describes the cross validation between two different...

25

Modeling Satellite District Heating and Cooling Networks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Satellite District Heating and Cooling (DHC) systems offer an alternative structure to conventional, centralized DHC networks. Both use a piping network carrying steam or water (more)

Rulff, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Experimental Tropical Cyclone Prediction Using the GFDL 25-km-Resolution Global Atmospheric Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a forecasting configuration of the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) High-resolution Atmospheric Model (HiRAM). HiRAM represents an early attempt in unifying, within a global modeling framework, the capabilities of ...

Jeffrey S. Gall; Isaac Ginis; Shian-Jiann Lin; Timothy P. Marchok; Jan-Huey Chen

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

An integrated evolutionary model approach to small satellite engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A deficiency exists in the use of detailed integrated modeling in the design, fabrication, and operations of small satellites (<180kg). This need led to the design of the Integrated Evolutionary Model (IEM) approach to ...

Robinson, Joseph B. (Joseph Brian)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

RETHINKING SATELLITE BASED SOLAR IRRADIANCE MODELLING R. W. Mueller  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Solar irra- diance schemes provide these data using weather satellites such as METEOSAT and MSGRETHINKING SATELLITE BASED SOLAR IRRADIANCE MODELLING R. W. Mueller , K.F. Dagestad ¡ , R of Oldenburg, D-26111 Oldenburg; 2-University of Bergen; 3-Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems; 4

Heinemann, Detlev

29

Brazil Diffuse Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files.
The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed...

30

Brazil Diffuse Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files. The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed...

31

Brazil Direct Normal Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files. The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed...

32

Validation of the SUNY Satellite Model in a Meteosat Evironment  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The paper presents a validation of the SUNY satellite-to-irradiance model against four ground-truth stations from the Indian solar radiation network located in and around the province of Rajasthan, India. The SUNY model had initially been developed and tested to process US weather satellite data from the GOES series and has been used as part of the production of the US National Solar Resource Data Base (NSRDB). Here the model is applied to processes data from the European weather satellites Meteosat 5 and 7.

Perez, R.; Schlemmer, J.; Renne, D.; Cowlin, S.; George, R.; Bandyopadhyay, B.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Modeling Of Surface Deformation From Satellite Radar Interferometry In The  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modeling Of Surface Deformation From Satellite Radar Interferometry In The Modeling Of Surface Deformation From Satellite Radar Interferometry In The Salton Sea Geothermal Field, California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Modeling Of Surface Deformation From Satellite Radar Interferometry In The Salton Sea Geothermal Field, California Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Surface deformation in the Salton Sea geothermal field is modeled using results from satellite radar interferometry, data from leveling surveys, and observations from the regional GPS network. The field is located in the Salton Trough, an active spreading center in southern California, which is traversed by the Brawley seismic zone. Deformation time series at thousands of points in the study area are obtained from a

34

Assimilation of Satellite Precipitable Water in a Meteorological Forecast Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The lack of local humidity observations over a large portion of the globe hinders any improvement of humidity forecasting in meteorological models. However, satellite microwave radiometers routinely provide fields of precipitable water content ...

M. A. Filiberti; L. Eymard; B. Urban

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Cross Validation of Satellite Radiation Transfer Models during SWERA  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cross Validation of Satellite Radiation Transfer Models during SWERA Cross Validation of Satellite Radiation Transfer Models during SWERA Project in Brazil Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): This work describes the cross validation between two different core radiation transfer models that will be applied during the SWERA (Solar and Wind Energy Assessment): the BRAZIL-SR, and the SUNY-Albany. The model cross validation was performed by using two reference sites in Brazil: at Caicó (06°28'01"S - 037°05'05"W,175.8 m), and Florianópolis (27°34'18"S - 048°31'42"W, 10 m), Satellite data were collected by INPE-CPTEC for GOES-8, that also provides for its quality assessment, sectoring, storing and distribution to the participating teams. In this work we show the first results of this cross-validation along with some discussions on model deviations

36

MODELING THE ALIGNMENT PROFILE OF SATELLITE GALAXIES IN CLUSTERS  

SciTech Connect

Analyzing the halo and galaxy catalogs from the Millennium Simulations at redshifts z = 0, 0.5, 1, we determine the alignment profiles of cluster galaxies by measuring the average alignments between the major axes of the pseudo inertia tensors from all satellites within a cluster's virial radius and from only those satellites within some smaller radius as a function of the top-hat scale difference. The alignment profiles quantify how well the satellite galaxies retain the memory of the external tidal fields after merging into their host clusters and how fast they lose the initial alignment tendency as the cluster's relaxation proceeds. It is found that the alignment profile drops faster at higher redshifts and on smaller mass scales. This result is consistent with the picture that the faster merging of the satellites and earlier onset of the nonlinear effect inside clusters tend to break the preferential alignments of the satellites with the external tidal fields. Modeling the alignment profile of cluster galaxies as a power law of the density correlation coefficient that is independent of the power spectrum normalization ({sigma}{sub 8}) and demonstrating that the density correlation coefficient varies sensitively with the density parameter ({Omega}{sub m}) and neutrino mass fraction (f{sub {nu}}), we suggest that the alignment profile of cluster galaxies might be useful for breaking the {Omega}{sub m}-{sigma}{sub 8} and f{sub {nu}}-{sigma}{sub 8} degeneracies.

Song, Hyunmi; Lee, Jounghun, E-mail: hmsong@astro.snu.ac.kr, E-mail: jounghun@astro.snu.ac.kr [Astronomy Program, FPRD, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-747 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Future Change of Western North Pacific Typhoons: Projections by a 20-km-Mesh Global Atmospheric Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Projected future changes in tropical cyclone (TC) activity over the western North Pacific (WNP) under the Special Report on Emissions Scenarios (SRES) A1B emission scenario were investigated using a 20-km-mesh, very-high-resolution Meteorological ...

Hiroyuki Murakami; Bin Wang; Akio Kitoh

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Toward a Dynamic-Thermodynamic Assimilation of Satellite Surface Temperature in Numerical Atmospheric Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An assimilation technique is described in which satellite-observed surface skin temperature tendencies are used in a model surface energy budget so that the predicted rate of temperature change in the model more closely agrees with the satellite ...

Richard T. McNider; Aaron J. Song; Daniel M. Casey; Peter J. Wetzel; William L. Crosson; Robert M. Rabin

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

The Effect of Satellite Rainfall Error Modeling on Soil Moisture Prediction Uncertainty  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study assesses the impact of satellite rainfall error structure on soil moisture simulations with the NASA Catchment land surface model. Specifically, the study contrasts a complex satellite rainfall error model (SREM2D) with the standard ...

Viviana Maggioni; Rolf H. Reichle; Emmanouil N. Anagnostou

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

On the Proper Use of Satellite-Derived Leaf Area Index in Climate Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite-observed leaf area index (LAI) is increasingly being used in climate modeling. In common land surface models, LAI is specified for the vegetated part only. In contrast, satellite LAI is defined for the total area including both ...

Jianjun Ge

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "km satellite modeled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Future Change of North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Tracks: Projection by a 20-km-Mesh Global Atmospheric Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Possible future change in tropical cyclone (TC) activity over the North Atlantic (NA) was investigated by comparison of 25-yr simulations of the present-day climate and future change under the A1B emission scenario using a 20-km-mesh ...

Hiroyuki Murakami; Bin Wang

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

SpaceWire model development technology for satellite architecture.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Packet switched data communications networks that use distributed processing architectures have the potential to simplify the design and development of new, increasingly more sophisticated satellite payloads. In addition, the use of reconfigurable logic may reduce the amount of redundant hardware required in space-based applications without sacrificing reliability. These concepts were studied using software modeling and simulation, and the results are presented in this report. Models of the commercially available, packet switched data interconnect SpaceWire protocol were developed and used to create network simulations of data networks containing reconfigurable logic with traffic flows for timing system distribution.

Eldridge, John M.; Leemaster, Jacob Edward; Van Leeuwen, Brian P.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

LMODEL: A Satellite Precipitation Methodology Using Cloud Development Modeling. Part II: Validation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new satellite-based rainfall monitoring algorithm that integrates the strengths of both low Earth-orbiting (LEO) and geostationary Earth-orbiting (GEO) satellite information has been developed. The Lagrangian Model (LMODEL) algorithm combines a ...

Kuo-lin Hsu; Tim Bellerby; S. Sorooshian

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

The Impact of Satellite Sounding Data on the Systematic Error of a Numerical Weather Prediction Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of satellite sounding data on the systematic errors of the numerical weather prediction model of the Israel Meteorological Service has been investigated. In general, satellite data have been shown to reduce systematic error, and in ...

Noah Wolfson; Albert Thomasell; Arnold Gruber; George Ohring

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Comparison of Satellite NO{sub 2} Observations with High Resolution Model Simulations over the Balkan Peninsula  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High resolution model estimations of tropospheric NO{sub 2} column amounts from the Comprehensive Air Quality Model (CAMx) were simulated for the Balkan Peninsula and were compared with satellite data for a period of one year, in order to study the characteristics of the spatial and temporal variability of pollution in the area. The Balkan area is considered a crossroad of different pollution sources and therefore has been divided in urban, industrial and rural regions, aiming to investigate the consistency of satellite retrievals and model predictions at high spatial resolution. Satellite measurements of tropospheric NO{sub 2} are available daily at 13:30 LT since 2004 from OMI/Aura with a resolution of 13x24 km. The anthropogenic emissions used in CAMx for the domain under study, was compiled employing bottom-up approaches (road transport sector, off-road machinery) as well as other national registries and international databases. High resolution GIS maps (road network, landuses, population) were also used in order to achieve high spatial resolution. In most of the cases the model reveals similar spatial patterns with the satellite data, while over certain areas discrepancies were found and investigated.

Zyrichidou, I.; Koukouli, M. E.; Balis, D. S.; Katragkou, E.; Poupkou, A.; Kioutsioukis, I.; Markakis, K.; Melas, D. [Laboratory of Atmospheric Physics, Physics Department, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki (Greece); van der A., R.; Boersma, F. K. [Royal Netherlands Meteorological Service, De Bilt (Netherlands); Roozendael, M. van [Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy, Brussels (Belgium)

2010-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

46

CROSS VALIDATION OF SATELLITE RADIATION TRANSFER MODELS DURING SWERA PROJECT  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ISES- 2003 ISES- 2003 CROSS VALIDATION OF SATELLITE RADIATION TRANSFER MODELS DURING SWERA PROJECT IN BRAZIL Enio B. Pereira, Fernando R. Martins 1 Brazilian Institute for Space Research - INPE, São José dos Campos, 12245-970, SP, Brazil Phone + 55 12 39456741, Fax + 55 12 39456810, enio@dge.inpe.br Samuel L. Abreu, Hans Georg Beyer, Sergio Colle, and Solar Energy Laboratory - LABSOLAR - Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Santa Catarina -UFSC, Florianopolis, 88040-900, (SC), Brazil, Richard Perez The University at Albany (SUNY), ASRC-CESTM, Albany, 12203 (NY), USA Abstract - This work describes the cross validation between two different core radiation transfer models that will be applied during the SWERA (Solar and Wind Energy Assessment): the BRAZIL-SR, and the

47

PDF Parameterization of Boundary Layer Clouds in Models with Horizontal Grid Spacings from 2 to 16 km  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many present-day numerical weather prediction (NWP) models are run at resolutions that permit deep convection. In these models, however, the boundary layer turbulence and boundary layer cloud features are still grossly underresolved. ...

Vincent E. Larson; David P. Schanen; Minghuai Wang; Mikhail Ovchinnikov; Steven Ghan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Advances in Radiative Transfer Modeling in Support of Satellite Data Assimilation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Development of fast and accurate radiative transfer models for clear atmospheric conditions has enabled direct assimilation of clear-sky radiances from satellites in numerical weather prediction models. In this article, fast radiative transfer ...

Fuzhong Weng

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Assimilation of DMSP and TOVS Satellite Soundings in a Mesoscale Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A modeling investigation explores the impacts of the assimilation of satellite-retrieved soundings on forecast error in the Fifth-Generation Pennsylvania State UniversityNational Center for Atmospheric Research Mesoscale Model (MM5). Simulations ...

Jordan G. Powers; Kun Gao

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

A Simple Physical Model to Estimate Incident Solar Radiation at the Surface from GOES Satellite Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a model designed to estimate the incident solar radiation at the suface from GOES satellite brightness measurements in clear and cloudy conditions. In this simple physical model, the effect of Rayleigh scattering is taken into account. ...

Catherine Gautier; Georges Diak; Serge Masse

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

An Assessment of Models which use Satellite Data to Estimate Solar Irradiance at the Earth's Surface  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The performances of three models which use satellite data to estimate solar irradiance at the Earth's surface are assessed using measured radiation data from a midlatitude location. Assessment of the models is made possible through the accurate ...

Clifford Raphael; John E. Hay

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Adjusting Satellite Precipitation Data to Facilitate Hydrologic Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Significant concern has been expressed regarding the ability of satellite-based precipitation products such as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Multisatellite Precipitation ...

Kenneth J. Tobin; Marvin E. Bennett

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Combining Cloud-Resolving Model with Satellite for Cloud Process Model Simulation Validation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advances in computer power have made it possible to increase the spatial resolution of regional numerical models to a scale encompassing larger convective elements of less than 5 km in size. One goal of high resolution is to begin to resolve ...

Renato G. Negri; Luiz A. T. Machado; Stephen English; Mary Forsythe

54

Evaluation of Model-generated Cloudiness: Satellite-observed and Model-generated Diurnal Variability of Brightness Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In an attempt to validate the ECMWF models cloudiness, model output has been processed to reproduce satellite measurements as closely as possible. Brightness temperatures in the longwave window channel of Meteosat are simulated from cloudiness, ...

Jean-Jacques Morcrette

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

A New Operational Model for Satellite-Derived Irradiances: Description and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A New Operational Model for Satellite-Derived Irradiances: Description and A New Operational Model for Satellite-Derived Irradiances: Description and Validation Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): We present a new simple model capable of exploiting geostationary satellite visible images for the production of site/time specific global and direct irradiances The new model features new clear sky global and direct irradiance functions, a new cloud-index-to-irradiance index function, a new global-to-direct-irradiance conversion model. The model can also exploit operationally available snow cover resource data, while deriving local ground specular reflectance characteristics from the stream of incoming satellite data. Validation against 10 US locations representing a wide range of climatic environments indicates that model performance is

56

A global coupled Eulerian-Lagrangian model and 1 1 km CO2 surface flux dataset for high-resolution atmospheric CO2 transport simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract. We designed a method to simulate atmospheric CO2 concentrations at several continuous observation sites around the globe using surface fluxes at a very high spatial resolution. The simulations presented in this study were performed using the Global Eulerian-Lagrangian Coupled Atmospheric model (GELCA), comprising a Lagrangian particle dispersion model coupled to a global atmospheric tracer transport model with prescribed global surface CO2 flux maps at a 1 1 km resolution. The surface fluxes used in the simulations were prepared by assembling the individual components of terrestrial, oceanic and fossil fuel CO2 fluxes. This experimental setup (i.e. a transport model running at a medium resolution, coupled to a high-resolution Lagrangian particle dispersion model together with global surface fluxes at a very high resolution), which was designed to represent high-frequency variations in atmospheric CO2 concentration, has not been reported at a global scale previously. Two sensitivity experiments were performed: (a) using the global transport model without coupling to the Lagrangian dispersion model, and (b) using the coupled model with a reduced resolution of surface fluxes, in order to evaluate the performance of Eulerian-Lagrangian coupling and the role of high-resolution fluxes in simulating high-frequency variations in atmospheric CO2 concentrations. A correlation analysis between observed and simulated atmospheric CO2 concentrations at selected locations revealed that the inclusion of both Eulerian-Lagrangian coupling and highresolution fluxes improves the high-frequency simulations of the model. The results highlight the potential of a coupled Eulerian-Lagrangian model in simulating high-frequency atmospheric CO2 concentrations at many locations worldwide. The model performs well in representing observations of atmospheric CO2 concentrations at high spatial and temporal resolutions, especially for coastal sites and sites located close to sources of large anthropogenic emissions. While this study focused on simulations of CO2 concentrations, the model could be used for other atmospheric compounds with known estimated emissions.

Ganshin, A [Central Aerological Observatory; Oda, T [National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan; Saito, M [National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan; Maksyutov, S [National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan; Valsala, V [National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan; Andres, Robert Joseph [ORNL; Fischer, R [University of London; Lowry, D [University of London; Lukyanov, A [Central Aerological Observatory; Matsueda, H [Meteorological Research Institute, Japan; Nisbet, E [University of London; Rigby, M [University of Bristol, UK; Sawa, Y [Meteorological Research Institute, Japan; Toumi, R [Imperial College, London; Tsuboi, K [Meteorological Research Institute, Japan; Varlagin, A [A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Russia; Zhuravlev, R [Central Aerological Observatory

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Evaluation of Precipitation from Numerical Weather Prediction Models and Satellites Using Values Retrieved from Radars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Precipitation is evaluated from two weather prediction models and satellites, taking radar-retrieved values as a reference. The domain is over the central and eastern United States, with hourly accumulated precipitation over 21 days for the ...

Slavko Vasi?; Charles A. Lin; Isztar Zawadzki; Olivier Bousquet; Diane Chaumont

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Assimilation of Satellite-Derived Skin Temperature Observations into Land Surface Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Land surface (or skin) temperature (LST) lies at the heart of the surface energy balance and is a key variable in weather and climate models. In this research LST retrievals from the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) are ...

Rolf H. Reichle; Sujay V. Kumar; Sarith P. P. Mahanama; Randal D. Koster; Q. Liu

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Assimilation of Satellite-Observed Snow Albedo in a Land Surface Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study assesses the impact of assimilating satellite-observed snow albedo on the Noah land surface model (LSM)-simulated fluxes and snow properties. A direct insertion technique is developed to assimilate snow albedo into Noah and is applied ...

M. Jahanzeb Malik; Rogier van der Velde; Zoltan Vekerdy; Zhongbo Su

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Blending Multiresolution Satellite Data with Application to the Initialization of an Orographic Precipitation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of multisensor, multifrequency satellite data to specify initial conditions for numerical weather prediction (NWP) models offers a unique opportunity to improve the depiction of small-scale processes in the atmosphere through a myriad of ...

Robert J. Kuligowski; Ana P. Barros

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "km satellite modeled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Comparing tropical precipitation simulated by the Met Office NWP and climate models with satellite observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Forecasts of precipitation and water vapor made by the UK Met Office global Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) model are evaluated using products from satellite observations of Special Sensor Microwave Imager/Sounder (SSMIS) and Tropical Rainfall ...

Chunlei Liu; Richard P. Allan; Malcolm Brooks; Sean Milton

62

A Clustering Approach to Compare Cloud Model Simulations to Satellite Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud-resolving models (CRMs) offer an important pathway to interpret satellite observations of microphysical properties of storms. High-frequency microwave brightness temperatures (Tbs) respond to precipitating-sized ice particles and can ...

Fang Wang; Christian Kummerow

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Effects of Resolution of Satellite-based Rainfall Estimates on Hydrologic Modeling Skill at Different Scales  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Uncertainty due to resolution of current satellite-based rainfall products is believed to be an important source of error in applications of hydrologic modeling and forecasting systems. A method to account for inputs resolution and to accurately ...

Humberto Vergara; Yang Hong; Jonathan J. Gourley; Emmanouil N. Anagnostou; Viviana Maggioni; Dimitrios Stampoulis; Pierre-Emmanuel Kirstetter

64

Terrestrial Carbon Sinks for the United States Predicted from MODIS Satellite Data and Ecosystem Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simulation model based on satellite observations of monthly vegetation cover from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) was used to estimate monthly carbon fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems of the conterminous United States ...

Christopher Potter; Steven Klooster; Alfredo Huete; Vanessa Genovese

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Global Precipitation Estimates Based on a Technique for Combining Satellite-Based Estimates, Rain Gauge Analysis, and NWP Model Precipitation Information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The satellite-gauge-model (SGM) technique is described for combining precipitation estimates from microwave satellite data, infrared satellite data, rain gauge analyses, and numerical weather prediction models into improved estimates of global ...

George J. Huffman; Robert F. Adler; Bruno Rudolf; Udo Schneider; Peter R. Keehn

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Nonlinear analysis of a simple model of temperature evolution in a satellite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyse a simple model of the heat transfer to and from a small satellite orbiting round a solar system planet. Our approach considers the satellite isothermal, with external heat input from the environment and from internal energy dissipation, and output to the environment as black-body radiation. The resulting nonlinear ordinary differential equation for the satellite's temperature is analysed by qualitative, perturbation and numerical methods, which show that the temperature approaches a periodic pattern (attracting limit cycle). This approach can occur in two ways, according to the values of the parameters: (i) a slow decay towards the limit cycle over a time longer than the period, or (ii) a fast decay towards the limit cycle over a time shorter than the period. In the first case, an exactly soluble average equation is valid. We discuss the consequences of our model for the thermal stability of satellites.

Jose Gaite; Angel Sanz-Andrs; Isabel Prez-Grande

2007-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

67

Comparison of Regional Clear-Sky Albedos Inferred from Satellite Observations and Model Computations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have taken an important first step in validating climate models by comparing model and satellite inferred clear sky TOA (top-of-atmosphere) albedos. Model albodos were computed on a 1 1 latitude-longitude grid, allowing for variations in ...

B. P. Briegleb; P. Minnis; V. Ramanathan; E. Harrison

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Solar: annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GIS data at 10km resolution for GIS data at 10km resolution for Cuba from SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Cuba (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 10 km by 10 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as kilowatt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from the State University of New York's (SUNY) GOES satellite solar model. This

69

Satellite-Based Quantum Communications  

SciTech Connect

Single-photon quantum communications (QC) offers the attractive feature of 'future proof', forward security rooted in the laws of quantum physics. Ground based quantum key distribution (QKD) experiments in optical fiber have attained transmission ranges in excess of 200km, but for larger distances we proposed a methodology for satellite-based QC. Over the past decade we have devised solutions to the technical challenges to satellite-to-ground QC, and we now have a clear concept for how space-based QC could be performed and potentially utilized within a trusted QKD network architecture. Functioning as a trusted QKD node, a QC satellite ('QC-sat') could deliver secret keys to the key stores of ground-based trusted QKD network nodes, to each of which multiple users are connected by optical fiber or free-space QC. A QC-sat could thereby extend quantum-secured connectivity to geographically disjoint domains, separated by continental or inter-continental distances. In this paper we describe our system concept that makes QC feasible with low-earth orbit (LEO) QC-sats (200-km-2,000-km altitude orbits), and the results of link modeling of expected performance. Using the architecture that we have developed, LEO satellite-to-ground QKD will be feasible with secret bit yields of several hundred 256-bit AES keys per contact. With multiple ground sites separated by {approx} 100km, mitigation of cloudiness over any single ground site would be possible, potentially allowing multiple contact opportunities each day. The essential next step is an experimental QC-sat. A number of LEO-platforms would be suitable, ranging from a dedicated, three-axis stabilized small satellite, to a secondary experiment on an imaging satellite. to the ISS. With one or more QC-sats, low-latency quantum-secured communications could then be provided to ground-based users on a global scale. Air-to-ground QC would also be possible.

Hughes, Richard J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nordholt, Jane E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mc Cabe, Kevin P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Newell, Raymond T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Pterson, Charles G [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

70

Aerosol indirect effects general circulation model intercomparison and evaluation with satellite data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aerosol indirect effects continue to constitute one of the most important uncertainties for anthropogenic climate perturbations. Within the international AEROCOM initiative, the representation of aerosol-cloud-radiation interactions in ten different general circulation models (GCMs) is evaluated in the present study using three satellite datasets. The satellite datasets are taken as reference bearing in mind that cloud and aerosol retrievals include uncertainties. We compute statistical relationships between aerosol optical depth (?a) and various cloud and radiation quantities consistently in models and satellite data. It is found that the model-simulated influence of aerosols on cloud droplet number concentration (Nd) compares relatively well to the satellite data at least over oceans. The relationship between ?a and liquid water path is simulated much too strongly by the models. It is shown that this is partly related to representation of the second aerosol indirect effect in terms of autoconversion. A positive relationship between total cloud fraction (fcld) and ?a as found in the satellite data is simulated by the majority of the models, albeit less strongly in most of them. In a discussion of the hypotheses proposed in the literature to explain the satellite-derived strong fcld ?a relationship, we find that none is unequivocally confirmed by our results. Relationships similar to the ones found in satellite data between ?a and cloud top temperature and outgoing long-wave radiation (OLR) are simulated by only a few GCMs. The GCMs that simulate a negative OLR - ?a relationship show a strong positive correlation between ?a and cloud fraction. The short-wave total aerosol radiative forcing as simulated by the GCMs is strongly influenced by the simulated anthropogenic fraction of ?a, and parameterisation assumptions such as a lower bound on Nd. Nevertheless, the strengths of the statistical relationships are good predictors for the short-wave total aerosol forcings in the models. An estimate of the total short-wave aerosol forcing inferred from the combination of these predictors for the modelled forcings with the satellite-derived statistical relationships yields a global annual mean value of -1.50.5 Wm-2. An alternative estimate obtained by scaling the simulated clear- and cloudy-sky forcings with estimates of anthropogenic ?a and satellite-retrieved Nd ?a regression slopes, respectively, yields a global annual mean clear-sky (aerosol direct effect) estimate of -0.40.2 Wm-2 and a cloudy-sky (aerosol indirect effect) estimate of -0.70.5 Wm-2, with a total estimate of -1.20.4 Wm-2.

Quaas, Johannes; Ming, Yi; Menon, Surabi; Takemura, T.; Wang, Minghuai; Penner, Joyce E.; Gettelman, A.; Lohmann, U.; Bellouin, N.; Boucher, Olivier; Sayer, Andrew M.; Thomas, Gareth E.; McComiskey, A.; Feingold, G.; Hoose, Corinna; Kristjansson, J. E.; Liu, Xiaohong; Balkanski, Y.; Donner, Leo J.; Ginoux, P.; Stier, P.; Grandey, B.; Feichter, J.; Sednev, Igor; Bauer, Susanne E.; Koch, D.; Grainger, Roy G.; Kirkevag, A.; Iversen, T.; Seland, O.; Easter, Richard C.; Ghan, Steven J.; Rasch, Philip J.; Morrison, H.; Lamarque, J. F.; Iacono, Michael J.; Kinne, Stefan; Schulz, M.

2009-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

71

Satellite Collision Modeling with Physics-Based Hydrocodes: Debris Generation Predictions of the Iridium-Cosmos Collision Event and Other Impact Events  

SciTech Connect

Satellite collision debris poses risks to existing space assets and future space missions. Predictive models of debris generated from these hypervelocity collisions are critical for developing accurate space situational awareness tools and effective mitigation strategies. Hypervelocity collisions involve complex phenomenon that spans several time- and length-scales. We have developed a satellite collision debris modeling approach consisting of a Lagrangian hydrocode enriched with smooth particle hydrodynamics (SPH), advanced material failure models, detailed satellite mesh models, and massively parallel computers. These computational studies enable us to investigate the influence of satellite center-of-mass (CM) overlap and orientation, relative velocity, and material composition on the size, velocity, and material type distributions of collision debris. We have applied our debris modeling capability to the recent Iridium 33-Cosmos 2251 collision event. While the relative velocity was well understood in this event, the degree of satellite CM overlap and orientation was ill-defined. In our simulations, we varied the collision CM overlap and orientation of the satellites from nearly maximum overlap to partial overlap on the outermost extents of the satellites (i.e, solar panels and gravity boom). As expected, we found that with increased satellite overlap, the overall debris cloud mass and momentum (transfer) increases, the average debris size decreases, and the debris velocity increases. The largest predicted debris can also provide insight into which satellite components were further removed from the impact location. A significant fraction of the momentum transfer is imparted to the smallest debris (< 1-5mm, dependent on mesh resolution), especially in large CM overlap simulations. While the inclusion of the smallest debris is critical to enforcing mass and momentum conservation in hydrocode simulations, there seems to be relatively little interest in their disposition. Based on comparing our results to observations, it is unlikely that the Iridium 33-Cosmos 2251 collision event was a large mass-overlap collision. We also performed separate simulations studying the debris generated by the collision of 5 and 10 cm spherical projectiles on the Iridium 33 satellite at closing velocities of 5, 10, and 15 km/s. It is important to understand the vulnerability of satellites to small debris threats, given their pervasiveness in orbit. These studies can also be merged with probabilistic conjunction analysis to better understand the risk to space assets. In these computational studies, we found that momentum transfer, kinetic energy losses due to dissipative mechanisms (e.g., fracture), fragment number, and fragment velocity increases with increasing velocity for a fixed projectile size. For a fixed velocity, we found that the smaller projectile size more efficiently transfers momentum to the satellite. This latter point has an important implication: Eight (spaced) 5 cm debris objects can impart more momentum to the satellite, and likely cause more damage, than a single 10 cm debris object at the same velocity. Further studies are required to assess the satellite damage induced by 1-5 cm sized debris objects, as well as multiple debris objects, in this velocity range.

Springer, H K; Miller, W O; Levatin, J L; Pertica, A J; Olivier, S S

2010-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

72

Data Assimilation of Satellite-Derived Heating Rates as Proxy Surface Wetness Data into a Regional Atmospheric Mesoscale Model. Part I: Methodology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A satellite data assimilation method is developed which incorporates satellite-observed infrared heating rates into a mesoscale atmospheric model to retrieve model soil moisture. The method builds upon previous work with the models surface ...

Andrew S. Jones; Ingrid C. Guch; Thomas H. Vonder Haar

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Solar: annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km resolution global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km resolution for Cuba from SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate solar collectors for Cuba (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a horizontal flat-plate solar collector, such as a Photovoltaic (PV) solar panel. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 10 km by 10 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as kilowatt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from the State University of New York's (SUNY) GOES satellite solar model. This model uses information on hourly satellite observed visible irradiance, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total of the normal or beam insolation falling on a tracking concentrator pointed

74

Solar: annual average direct normal (DNI) map at 40km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

map at 40km resolution for map at 40km resolution for Central America from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): A map depicting model estimates of monthly average daily total radiation using inputs derived from satellite and surface observations of cloud cover, aerosol optical depth, precipitable water vapor, albedo, atmospheric pressure and ozone sampled at a 40km resolution. (Purpose): A visual depiction of solar energy resource for concentrating solar power systems. Source NREL Date Released December 11th, 2003 (11 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Central America direct normal DNI map NREL solar SWERA UNEP Data application/pdf icon Download Map (pdf, 67.1 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency

75

A NEW OPERATIONAL MODEL FOR SATELLITE-DERIVED IRRADIANCES DESCRIPTION AND VALIDATION  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Published in Solar Energy - Vol. 73, 5, pp. 307-317, (2002) Published in Solar Energy - Vol. 73, 5, pp. 307-317, (2002) 1 of 23 A NEW OPERATIONAL MODEL FOR SATELLITE-DERIVED IRRADIANCES DESCRIPTION AND VALIDATION Richard Perez * Pierre Ineichen ** Kathy Moore * Marek Kmiecik * Cyril Chain *** Ray George **** Frank Vignola ***** * ASRC - The University at Albany, Albany, NY, USA ** CUEPE - University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland *** Vaulx-en-Velin, France **** NREL, Golden, CO, USA ***** University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA Published in Solar Energy - Vol. 73, 5, pp. 307-317, (2002) 2 of 23 ABSTRACT We present a new simple model capable of exploiting geostationary satellite visible images for the production of site/time specific global and direct irradiances The new model features new clear sky global and direct irradiance functions, a new

76

Model Estimates of the Land and Ocean Contributions to Biospheric Carbon and Water Fluxes Using MODIS Satellite Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Land and ocean are often treated separately in modeling studies despite their close links through the carbon, water, and energy cycles. However, biospheric models, particularly when used in conjunction with recent satellite datasets, provide a new,...

Paul B. Alton; Per E. Bodin

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Aerosol indirect effects ? general circulation model intercomparison and evaluation with satellite data  

SciTech Connect

Aerosol indirect effects continue to constitute one of the most important uncertainties for anthropogenic climate perturbations. Within the international AEROCOM initiative, the representation of aerosol-cloud-radiation interactions in ten different general circulation models (GCMs) is evaluated using three satellite datasets. The focus is on stratiform liquid water clouds since most GCMs do not include ice nucleation effects, and none of the model explicitly parameterises aerosol effects on convective clouds. We compute statistical relationships between aerosol optical depth ({tau}{sub a}) and various cloud and radiation quantities in a manner that is consistent between the models and the satellite data. It is found that the model-simulated influence of aerosols on cloud droplet number concentration (N{sub d}) compares relatively well to the satellite data at least over the ocean. The relationship between {tau}{sub a} and liquid water path is simulated much too strongly by the models. This suggests that the implementation of the second aerosol indirect effect mainly in terms of an autoconversion parameterisation has to be revisited in the GCMs. A positive relationship between total cloud fraction (f{sub cld}) and {tau}{sub a} as found in the satellite data is simulated by the majority of the models, albeit less strongly than that in the satellite data in most of them. In a discussion of the hypotheses proposed in the literature to explain the satellite-derived strong f{sub cld} - {tau}{sub a} relationship, our results indicate that none can be identified as a unique explanation. Relationships similar to the ones found in satellite data between {tau}{sub a} and cloud top temperature or outgoing long-wave radiation (OLR) are simulated by only a few GCMs. The GCMs that simulate a negative OLR - {tau}{sub a} relationship show a strong positive correlation between {tau}{sub a} and f{sub cld} The short-wave total aerosol radiative forcing as simulated by the GCMs is strongly influenced by the simulated anthropogenic fraction of {tau}{sub a}, and parameterization assumptions such as a lower bound on N{sub d}. Nevertheless, the strengths of the statistical relationships are good predictors for the aerosol forcings in the models. An estimate of the total short-wave aerosol forcing inferred from the combination of these predictors for the modelled forcings with the satellite-derived statistical relationships yields a global annual mean value of -1.5 {+-} 0.5 Wm{sup -2}. In an alternative approach, the radiative flux perturbation due to anthropogenic aerosols can be broken down into a component over the cloud-free portion of the globe (approximately the aerosol direct effect) and a component over the cloudy portion of the globe (approximately the aerosol indirect effect). An estimate obtained by scaling these simulated clear- and cloudy-sky forcings with estimates of anthropogenic {tau}{sub a} and satellite-retrieved Nd - {tau}{sub a} regression slopes, respectively, yields a global, annual-mean aerosol direct effect estimate of -0.4 {+-} 0.2 Wm{sup -2} and a cloudy-sky (aerosol indirect effect) estimate of -0.7 {+-} 0.5 Wm{sup -2}, with a total estimate of -1.2 {+-} 0.4 Wm{sup -2}.

Quaas, Johannes; Ming, Yi; Menon, Surabi; Takemura, Toshihiko; Wang, Minghuai; Penner, Joyce E.; Gettelman, Andrew; Lohmann, Ulrike; Bellouin, Nicolas; Boucher, Olivier; Sayer, Andrew M.; Thomas, Gareth E.; McComiskey, Allison; Feingold, Graham; Hoose, Corinna; Kristansson, Jon Egill; Liu, Xiaohong; Balkanski, Yves; Donner, Leo J.; Ginoux, Paul A.; Stier, Philip; Grandey, Benjamin; Feichter, Johann; Sednev, Igor; Bauer, Susanne E.; Koch, Dorothy; Grainger, Roy G.; Kirkevag, Alf; Iversen, Trond; Seland, Oyvind; Easter, Richard; Ghan, Steven J.; Rasch, Philip J.; Morrison, Hugh; Lamarque, Jean-Francois; Iacono, Michael J.; Kinne, Stefan; Schulz, Michael

2010-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

78

Data Assimilation of Satellite-Derived Heating Rates as Proxy Surface Wetness Data into a Regional Atmospheric Mesoscale Model. Part II: A Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A satellite data assimilation method is applied which incorporates satellite-observed heating infrared rates into a mesoscale atmospheric model to retrieve model soil moisture. In a 3D case study, the method is successful at retrieving realistic ...

Andrew S. Jones; Ingrid C. Guch; Thomas H. Vonder Haar

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Simulating Aerosols Using a Chemical Transport Model with Assimilation of Satellite Aerosol Retrievals: Methodology for INDOEX  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A system for simulating aerosols has been developed using a chemical transport model together with an assimilation of satellite aerosol retrievals. The methodology and model components are described in this paper, and the modeled distribution of aerosols for the Indian Ocean Experiment (INDOEX) is presented by Rasch et al. [this issue]. The system generated aerosol forecasts to guide deployment of ships and aircraft during INDOEX. The system consists of the Model of Atmospheric Transport and Chemistry (MATCH) combined with an assimilation package developed for applications in atmospheric chemistry. MATCH predicts the evolution of sulfate, carbonaceous, and mineral dust aerosols, and it diagnoses the distribution of sea salt aerosols. The model includes a detailed treatment of the sources, chemical transformation, transport, and deposition of the aerosol species. The aerosol forecasts involve a two-stage process. During the assimilation phase the total column aerosol optical depth (AOD) is estimated from the model aerosol fields. The model state is then adjusted to improve the agreement between the simulated AOD and satellite retrievals of AOD. During the subsequent integration phase the aerosol fields are evolved using meteorological fields from an external model. Comparison of the modeled AOD against estimates of the AOD from INDOEX Sun photometer data show that the differences in daily means are #0.03 # 0.06. Although the initial application is limited to the Indian Ocean, the methodology could be extended to derive global aerosol analyses combining in situ and remotely sensed aerosol observations.

William D. Collins; Phillip J. Rasch; Brian E. Eaton; Boris V. Khattatov; Jean-francois Lamarque; C. Zender

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Improvements in Quantitative Precipitation Forecasts with the Eta Regional Model at the National Centers for Environmental Prediction: The 48-km Upgrade  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since 9 June 1993, the eta coordinate regional model has been run twice daily at the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP, previously the National Meteorological Center) as the NCEP's early operational model. Its performance is ...

Fedor Mesinger

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "km satellite modeled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Central and Satellite Colors in Galaxy Groups: A Comparison of the Halo Model and SDSS Group Catalogs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current analytic and semi-analytic dark matter halo models distinguish between the central galaxy in a halo and the satellite galaxies in halo substructures. It is expected that galaxy properties are correlated with host halo mass, and that central galaxies tend to be the most luminous, massive, and reddest galaxies in halos while the satellites around them are fainter and bluer. Using a recent halo-model description of the color dependence of galaxy clustering (Skibba & Sheth 2008), we investigate the colors of central and satellite galaxies predicted by the model and compare them to those of two galaxy group catalogs constructed from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (Yang et al. 2007, Berlind et al. 2006a). In the model, the environmental dependence of galaxy color is determined by that of halo mass, and the predicted color mark correlations were shown to be consistent with SDSS measurements. The model assumes that satellites tend to follow a color-magnitude sequence that approaches the red sequence at bright luminosities; the models success suggests that bright satellites tend to be red and dead while the star formation in fainter ones is in the process of being quenched. In both the model and the SDSS group catalogs, we find that at fixed luminosity or stellar mass, central galaxies tend to be bluer than satellites. In contrast, at fixed group richness or halo mass, central galaxies tend to be redder than satellites, and galaxy colors become redder with increasing mass. We also compare the central and satellite galaxy color distributions, as a function of luminosity and as a function of richness, in the model and in the two group catalogs. Except for faint galaxies and small groups, the model and both group catalogs are in very good agreement.

Ramin A. Skibba

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Cross Correlations between the Radiation and Atmospheric Variables in a General Circulation Model and in Satellite Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The classical picture of the influence of midlatitude troughs on cloud patterns is investigated in a general circulation model (GCM) and in satellite and National Meteorological Centre (NMC) data by comparing the cross correlation of the poleward ...

Thomas P. Charlock; Fred G. Rose; Karen M. Cattany-Cranes

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Satellite Measurement of Stratospheric Winds and Ozone Using Doppler Michelson Interferometry. Part I: Instrument Model and Measurement Simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an instrument model and observation simulations for the measurement of stratospheric winds and ozone concentration using a satellite instrument employing imaging and the Doppler Michelson interferometery technique. The ...

Peyman Rahnama; Yves J. Rochon; Ian C. McDade; Gordon G. Shepherd; William A. Gault; Alan Scott

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Evaluation of Cirrus Parameterizations for Radiative Flux Computations in Climate Models Using TOVSScaRaB Satellite Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Combined simultaneous satellite observations are used to evaluate the performance of parameterizations of the microphysical and optical properties of cirrus clouds used for radiative flux computations in climate models. Atmospheric and cirrus ...

C. J. Stubenrauch; F. Eddounia; J. M. Edwards; A. Macke

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

km2 | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

79 79 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142280579 Varnish cache server km2 Dataset Summary Description This dataset is part of a larger internal dataset at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) that explores various characteristics of large solar electric (both PV and CSP) facilities around the United States. This dataset focuses on the land use characteristics for solar facilities that are either under construction or currently in operation. Source Land-Use Requirements for Solar Power Plants in the United States Date Released June 25th, 2013 (7 months ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords acres area average concentrating solar power csp Density electric

86

xu-km-99.PDF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Updraft and Downdraft Statistics of Simulated Tropical Updraft and Downdraft Statistics of Simulated Tropical and Midlatitude Cumulus Convection K.-M. Xu and D. A. Randall Department of Atmospheric Science Colorado State University Fort Collins, Colorado Introduction The statistics of updrafts and downdrafts were substantially different between tropical/subtropical and midlatitude continental cumulus convection (LeMone and Zipser 1980; Lucas et al. 1994). The Thunderstorm Project (Byers and Braham 1949) provided the only statistics for midlatitude continental convection. Recent aircraft observations over tropical oceans also suggested that the averaged thermal buoyancy of downdrafts was positive and similar to that of updrafts (Jorgensen and LeMone 1989; Lucas et al. 1994; Wei et al. 1998; Igau et al. 1999). Updrafts with negative buoyancies were also frequently observed.

87

Solar: monthly global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central America from SUNY Central America from SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate solar collectors for Central America (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a horizontal flat-plate solar collector, such as a Photovoltaic (PV) solar panel. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 10 km by 10 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as kilowatt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from the State University of New York's (SUNY) GOES satellite solar model.

88

Solar: monthly direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km resolution for Central  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for Central for Central America from SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Central America. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 10 km by 10 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as kilowatt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from the State University of New York's (SUNY) GOES satellite solar model. This

89

Micro-debris evolution from a satellite collision  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A hydrocode is used to model the expulsion of debris, down to micron sized particles, from a hypervelocity collision of a satellite at 7 km/s. Large numbers of such particles (> 1012 total) are released, with large relative velocities (100 to 1000 m/s) ...

Jeff P. Barnes; Erin M. Taylor; Nishant Mehta

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Model simulations of the first aerosol indirect effect and comparison of cloud susceptibility fo satellite measurements  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Present-day global anthropogenic emissions contribute more than half of the mass in submicron particles primarily due to sulfate and carbonaceous aerosol components derived from fossil fuel combustion and biomass burning. These anthropogenic aerosols modify the microphysics of clouds by serving as cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) and enhance the reflectivity of low-level water clouds, leading to a cooling effect on climate (the Twomey effect or first indirect effect). The magnitude of the first aerosol indirect effect is associated with cloud frequency as well as a quantity representing the sensitivity of cloud albedo to changes in cloud drop number concentration. This quantity is referred to as cloud susceptibility [Twomey, 1991]. Analysis of satellite measurements demonstrates that marine stratus clouds are likely to be of higher susceptibility than continental clouds because of their lower number concentrations of cloud drops [Platnick and Twomey, 1994]. Here, we use an improved version of the fully coupled climate/chemistry model [Chuang et al., 1997] to calculate the global concentrations Of sulfate, dust, sea salt, and carbonaceous aerosols (biomass smoke and fossil fuel organic matter and black carbon). We investigated the impact of anthropogenic aerosols on cloud susceptibility and calculated the associated changes of shortwave radiative fluxes at the top of the atmosphere. We also examined the correspondence between the model simulation of cloud susceptibility and that inferred from satellite measurements to test whether our simulated aerosol concentrations and aerosol/cloud interactions give a faithful representation of these features.

Chuang, C; Penner, J E; Kawamoto, K

2002-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

91

Lattice design for an ILC damping ring with 3 km circumference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

beam dynamics in the 3 km lattice presented here, with the17 km [1] and 6 km [2] lattices proposed elsewhere.2000). [6] C. Steier et al, Lattice Model Calibration and

Wolski, Andrzej

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

GRACE Mission Design: Impact of Uncertainties in Disturbance Environment and Satellite Force Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) primary mission will be performed by making measurements of the inter-satellite range change between two co-planar, low altitude, near-polar orbiting satellites. Understanding the uncertainties in the ...

Mazanek Daniel D.; Kumar Renjith R.; Seywald Hans; Qu Min

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

An Intercomparison of Observational, Reanalysis, Satellite, and Coupled Model Data on Mean Rainfall in the Caribbean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the spatial variability of mean annual rainfall in the Caribbean in the satellite era 19792000. Intercomparisons of gridded rainfall fields from conventional stations, satellite estimators, reanalysis products, and coupled ...

Mark R. Jury

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

and satellite data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive regional-scale (?10 4 km 2)CO2 flux estimates for summer 2004 in the northeast United States and southern Quebec by assimilating extensive data into a receptor-oriented model-data fusion framework. Surface fluxes are specified using the Vegetation Photosynthesis and Respiration Model (VPRM), a simple, readily optimized biosphere model driven by satellite data, AmeriFlux eddy covariance measurements and meteorological fields. The surface flux model is coupled to a Lagrangian atmospheric adjoint model, the Stochastic Time-Inverted Lagrangian Transport Model (STILT) that links point observations to upwind sources with high spatiotemporal resolution. Analysis of CO2 concentration data from the NOAA-ESRL tall tower at Argyle, ME and from extensive aircraft surveys, shows that the STILT VPRM framework successfully links model flux fields to regionally representative atmospheric CO2 data, providing a bridge between bottom-up and top-down methods for estimating regional CO2 budgets on timescales from hourly to monthly. The surface flux model, with initial calibration to eddy covariance data, produces an excellent a priori

Quebec Combining Atmospheric; M. Matross; Arlyn Andrews; Mahadevan Pathmathevan; Christoph Gerbig; John C. Lin; Steven C. Wofsy; Bruce C. Daube; Elaine W. Gottlieb; Victoria Y. Chow; John T. Lee; Conglong Zhao; Peter S. Bakwin; J. William Munger; David Y. Hollinger

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Study of Ice Cloud Properties from Synergetic Use of Satellite Observations and Modeling Capabilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dissertation first investigates the single-scattering properties of inhomogeneous ice crystals containing air bubbles. Specifically, a combination of the ray-tracing technique and the Monte Carlo method is used to simulate the scattering of light by randomly oriented large hexagonal ice crystals containing spherical or spheroidal air bubbles. The effect of the air bubbles within ice crystals is to smooth the phase functions, diminish the 22 and 46 halo peaks, and reduce the backscatter in comparison with the case of bubble-free ice crystals. Cloud reflectance look-up tables were generated at the wavelengths of 0.65 ?m and 2.13 ?m to examine the impact of accounting for air bubbles in ice crystal morphology on the retrieval of ice cloud optical thickness and effective particle size. To investigate the effect of the representation of aggregates on electromagnetic scattering calculations, an algorithm is developed to efficiently specify the geometries of aggregates and to compute some of their geometric parameters such as the projected area. Based on in situ observations, aggregates are defined as clusters of hexagonal plates with a chain-like overall shape. An aggregate model is developed with 10 ensemble members, each consisting of between 4-12 hexagonal plates. The scattering properties of an individual aggregate ice particle are computed using the discrete dipole approximation or an Improved Geometric Optics Method, depending upon the size parameter. The aggregate model provides an accurate and computationally efficient way to represent all aggregates occurring within ice clouds. We developed an algorithm to determine an appropriate ice cloud model for application to satellite-based retrieval of ice cloud properties. Collocated Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer and Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) data are used to retrieve the optical thicknesses of ice clouds as a function of scattering angle in the nine MISR viewing directions. The difference between cloud optical thickness and its averaged value over the nine viewing angles can be used to validate the ice cloud models. Using the data obtained on 2 July 2009, an appropriate ice cloud model is determined. With the presence of all the uncertainties in the current operational satellite-based retrievals of ice cloud properties, this ice cloud model has excellent performance in terms of consistency in cloud property retrievals with the nine MISR viewing angles.

Xie, Yu

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Comparison of Ocean Surface Solar Irradiance in the GLA General Circulation Model and Satellite-based Calculations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A global, 7-year satellite-based record of ocean surface solar irradiance (SSI) is used to assess the realism of ocean SSI simulated by the nine-layer Goddard Laboratory for Atmospheres (GLA) General Circulation Model (GCM). January and July ...

Beth Chertock; Y. C. Sud

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Satellite Collision Modeling with Physics-Based Hydrocodes: Debris Generation Predictions of the Iridium-Cosmos Collision Event and Other Impact Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite collision debris poses risks to existing space assets and future space missions. Predictive models of debris generated from these hypervelocity collisions are critical for developing accurate space situational awareness tools and effective mitigation strategies. Hypervelocity collisions involve complex phenomenon that spans several time- and length-scales. We have developed a satellite collision debris modeling approach consisting of a Lagrangian hydrocode enriched with smooth particle hydrodynamics (SPH), advanced material failure models, detailed satellite mesh models, and massively parallel computers. These computational studies enable us to investigate the influence of satellite center-of-mass (CM) overlap and orientation, relative velocity, and material composition on the size, velocity, and material type distributions of collision debris. We have applied our debris modeling capability to the recent Iridium 33-Cosmos 2251 collision event. While the relative velocity was well understood in this event, the degree of satellite CM overlap and orientation was ill-defined. In our simulations, we varied the collision CM overlap and orientation of the satellites from nearly maximum overlap to partial overlap on the outermost extents of the satellites (i.e, solar panels and gravity boom). As expected, we found that with increased satellite overlap, the overall debris cloud mass and momentum (transfer) increases, the average debris size decreases, and the debris velocity increases. The largest predicted debris can also provide insight into which satellite components were further removed from the impact location. A significant fraction of the momentum transfer is imparted to the smallest debris (efficiently transfers momentum to the satellite. This latter point has an important implication: Eight (spaced) 5 cm debris objects can impart more momentum to the satellite, and likely cause more damage, than a single 10 cm debris object at the same velocity. Further studies are required to assess the satellite damage induced by 1-5 cm sized debris objects, as well as multiple debris objects, in this velocity range.

Springer, H K; Miller, W O; Levatin, J L; Pertica, A J; Olivier, S S

2010-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

98

Satellite Observations and Modeling of Meanders in the California Current System off Oregon and Northern California  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Infrared satellite images from the west coasts of Oregon and northern California are used to identify meander patterns in sea surface temperature which appear as large cold tongues extending offshore. Two relatively long series of images from ...

M. Ikeda; W. J. Emery

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Modeling Surface Solar Irradiance for Satellite Applications on a Global Scale  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the last few years, the feasibility of deriving surface radiation budget (SRB) components from satellite observations has been demonstrated and a better understanding of the need for SRB information in climate research was formulated. Much ...

R. T. Pinker; I. Laszlo

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Cloud Shading Retrieval and Assimilation in a Satellite-Model Coupled Mesoscale Analysis System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A retrieval-assimilation method has been developed as a quantitative means to exploit the information in satellite imagery regarding shading of the ground by clouds, as applied to mesoscale weather analysis. Cloud radiative parameters are ...

Alan E. Lipton

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "km satellite modeled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Using Satellite Observations to Constrain Parameterizations of Gravity Wave Effects for Global Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Small-scale gravity waves are common features in atmospheric temperature observations. In satellite observations, these waves have been traditionally difficult to resolve because the footprint or resolution of the measurements precluded their ...

M. Joan Alexander; Christopher Barnet

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Simulation Experiments for Testing the Assimilation of Geostationary Satellite Temperature Retrievals into a Numerical Prediction Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent diagnostic studies using retrievals from the Visible Infrared Spin-Scan Radiometer (VISSR) Atmospheric Sounder (VAS) indicate that there are limitations of gestationary satellite sounding data (poor vertical resolution of temperature and ...

Tzvi Gal-Chen; Brian D. Schmidt; Louis W. Uccellini

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Evaluation of Latent Heat Flux Fields from Satellites and Models during SEMAPHORE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Latent heat fluxes were derived from satellite observations in the region of Structure des Echanges MerAtmosphre, Proprits des Htrognits Ocaniques: Recherche Exprimentale (SEMAPHORE), which was conducted near the Azores islands in the ...

Denis Bourras; W. Timothy Liu; Laurence Eymard; Wenqing Tang

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Satellite-Image-derived Gulf Stream Currents Compared with Numerical Model Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sequential infrared satellite imagery is used to objectively compute surface currents in the Gulf Stream region using the maximum correlation (MCC) method. The infrared images, filtered for cloud cover, are used to find the displacement of ...

W. J. Emery; C. Fowler; C. A. Clayson

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

A Mixed Exponential Distribution Model for Retrieving Ground Flash Fraction from Satellite Lightning Imager Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Bayesian inversion method is introduced for retrieving the fraction of ground flashes in a set of flashes observed from a (low earth orbiting or geostationary) satellite lightning imager. The method employs a constrained mixed exponential ...

W. J. Koshak

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Validating Model Clouds and Their Optical Properties Using Geostationary Satellite Imagery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A real-time validation scheme for diagnosing radiatively active clouds has been in operation for a number of years at the Australian Bureau of Meteorology. It compares IR channel imagery from four geostationary satellites and equivalent forward ...

Zhian Sun; Lawrie Rikus

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Island Barrier Effects as Observed by Satellite and Instrumented Aircraft, and Simulated by a Numerical Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Examples of island barrier effects appearing in visual and infrared Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) data are shown and documented with selected conventional and research aircraft data. Effects discussed include lee and corner, ...

Robert W. Fett; Stephen D. Bury

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Modeling Tropical Pacific Sea Surface Temperature with Satellite-Derived Solar Radiative Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two independent datasets for the solar radiation at the surface derived from satellites are compared. The data derived from the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) is for the net solar radiation at the surface whereas the International ...

Richard Seager; M. Benno Blumenthal

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Investigation of Thin Cirrus Cloud Optical and Microphysical Properties on the Basis of Satellite Observations and Fast Radiative Transfer Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation focuses on the global investigation of optically thin cirrus cloud optical thickness (tau) and microphysical properties, such as, effective particle size (D_(eff)) and ice crystal habits (shapes), based on the global satellite observations and fast radiative transfer models (RTMs). In the first part, we develop two computationally efficient RTMs simulating satellite observations under cloudy-sky conditions in the visible/shortwave infrared (VIS/SWIR) and thermal inferred (IR) spectral regions, respectively. To mitigate the computational burden associated with absorption, thermal emission and multiple scattering, we generate pre-computed lookup tables (LUTs) using two rigorous models, i.e., the line-by-line radiative transfer model (LBLRTM) and the discrete ordinates radiative transfer model (DISORT). The second part introduces two methods (i.e., VIS/SWIR- and IR-based methods) to retrieve tau and D_(eff) from satellite observations in corresponding spectral regions of the two RTMs. We discuss the advantages and weakness of the two methods by estimating the impacts from different error sources on the retrievals through sensitivity studies. Finally, we develop a new method to infer the scattering phase functions of optically thin cirrus clouds in a water vapor absorption channel (1.38-m). We estimate the ice crystal habits and surface structures by comparing the inferred scattering phase functions and numerically simulated phase functions calculated using idealized habits.

Wang, Chenxi

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Evaluation of Land Surface Models in Reproducing Satellite Derived Leaf Area Index over the High-Latitude Northern Hemisphere. Part II: Earth System Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Leaf Area Index (LAI) is a key parameter in the Earth System Models (ESMs) since it strongly affects land-surface boundary conditions and the exchange of matter and energy with the atmosphere. Observations and data products derived from satellite remote sensing are important for the validation and evaluation of ESMs from regional to global scales. Several decades worth of satellite data products are now available at global scale which represents a unique opportunity to contrast observations against model results. The objective of this study is to assess whether ESMs correctly reproduce the spatial variability of LAI when compared with satellite data and to compare the length of the growing season in the different models with the satellite data. To achieve this goal we analyse outputs from 11 coupled carbon-climate models that are based on the set of new global model simulations planned in support of the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report. We focus on the average LAI and the length of the growing season on Northern Hemisphere over the period 19862005. Additionally we compare the results with previous analyses (Part I) of

Ro Anav; Guillermo Murray-tortarolo; Pierre Friedlingstein; Stephen Sitch; Shilong Piao; Zaichun Zhu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Messa in sicurezza della S.S. 439 sarzanese - valdera dal Km 105 al Km 135.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Questo studio stato improntato sulla messa in sicurezza del tratto dal Km 105 al Km 135 della S.S. 439 sarzanese - valdera con l'obbiettivo (more)

Bedini, Michele

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

A Design of Reconfigurable Satellite Control System with Reaction Wheels Based on Error Quaternion Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To meet the requirement of the satellite attitude and orbit control system (AOCS) could recover control in abnormal conditions, A reconfigurable control system using variable-structure control and improved pseudo-inverse is developed based on the error ... Keywords: pseudo-inverse, variable-structure, reconfigurable, reaction wheel, error quaternion

Peijun Yu; Keqiang Xia; Jiancheng Li

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Using Satellite Ocean Color Data to Derive an Empirical Model for the Penetration Depth of Solar Radiation (Hp) in the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite-based ocean color measurements indicate clear evidence for bioclimate interactions in the tropical Pacific associated with El NioSouthern Oscillation (ENSO). Recent modeling studies have demonstrated that ocean biology can potentially ...

Rong-Hua Zhang; Dake Chen; Guihua Wang

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

A New Method to Produce Sea Surface Temperature Using Satellite Data Assimilation into an Atmosphere-Ocean Mixed Layer Coupled Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method of producing sea surface temperature (SST) data for numerical weather prediction is suggested, which is obtained from the assimilation of satellite-derived SST into an atmosphere-ocean mixed layer coupled model. The Weather Research ...

Eunjeong Lee; Yign Noh; Naoki Hirose

115

Surface Solar Radiation Flux and Cloud Radiative Forcing for the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Southern Great Plains (SGP): A Satellite, Surface Observations, and Radiative Transfer Model Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study presents surface solar radiation flux and cloud radiative forcing results obtained by using a combination of satellite and surface observations interpreted by means of a simple plane-parallel radiative transfer model called 2001. This ...

Catherine Gautier; Martin Landsfeld

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Documentation of high resolution solar resource assessment (10km) for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for for Ethiopia provided by DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Documentation of the satellite-based high resolution solar resource assessment for Ethiopia provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global horizontal and direct normal irradiance (GHI and DNI) for the year 2000, 2001 and 2002. Additionally, for selected sites hourly values of GHI and DNI are provided.The Documentation gives an overview about the used input data and used methodology, shows example maps and describes a comparison with ground data (if provided by the country) (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. For the selected

117

Impact of Improved Initialization of Mesoscale Features on Convective System Rainfall in 10-km Eta Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 10-km version of the NCEP Eta Model has been run over a roughly 1000 km 1000 km domain centered over the upper Midwest for 20 cases where heavy warm season rainfall occurred from mesoscale convective systems to investigate the response of the ...

William A. Gallus Jr.; Moti Segal

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Passive millimeter-wave retrieval of global precipitation utilizing satellites and a numerical weather prediction model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis develops and validates the MM5/TBSCAT/F([lambda]) model, composed of a mesoscale numerical weather prediction (NWP) model (MM5), a two-stream radiative transfer model (TBSCAT), and electromagnetic models for ...

Surussavadee, Chinnawat

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Effect of Terrestrial and Marine Organic Aerosol on Regional and Global Climate: Model Development, Application, and Verification with Satellite Data  

SciTech Connect

In this DOE project the improvements to parameterization of marine primary organic matter (POM) emissions, hygroscopic properties of marine POM, marine isoprene derived secondary organic aerosol (SOA) emissions, surfactant effects, new cloud droplet activation parameterization have been implemented into Community Atmosphere Model (CAM 5.0), with a seven mode aerosol module from the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)???¢????????s Modal Aerosol Model (MAM7). The effects of marine aerosols derived from sea spray and ocean emitted biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) on microphysical properties of clouds were explored by conducting 10 year CAM5.0-MAM7 model simulations at a grid resolution 1.9???????°????????2.5???????° with 30 vertical layers. Model-predicted relationship between ocean physical and biological systems and the abundance of CCN in remote marine atmosphere was compared to data from the A-Train satellites (MODIS, CALIPSO, AMSR-E). Model simulations show that on average, primary and secondary organic aerosol emissions from the ocean can yield up to 20% increase in Cloud Condensation Nuclei (CCN) at 0.2% Supersaturation, and up to 5% increases in droplet number concentration of global maritime shallow clouds. Marine organics were treated as internally or externally mixed with sea salt. Changes associated with cloud properties reduced (absolute value) the model-predicted short wave cloud forcing from -1.35 Wm-2 to -0.25 Wm-2. By using different emission scenarios, and droplet activation parameterizations, this study suggests that addition of marine primary aerosols and biologically generated reactive gases makes an important difference in radiative forcing assessments. All baseline and sensitivity simulations for 2001 and 2050 using global-through-urban WRF/Chem (GU-WRF) were completed. The main objective of these simulations was to evaluate the capability of GU-WRF for an accurate representation of the global atmosphere by exploring the most accurate configuration of physics options in GWRF for global scale modeling in 2001 at a horizontal grid resolution of 1???????° x 1???????°. GU-WRF model output was evaluated using observational datasets from a variety of sources including surface based observations (NCDC and BSRN), model reanalysis (NCEP/ NCAR Reanalysis and CMAP), and remotely-sensed data (TRMM) to evaluate the ability of GU-WRF to simulate atmospheric variables at the surface as well as aloft. Explicit treatment of nanoparticles produced from new particle formation in GU-WRF/Chem-MADRID was achieved by expanding particle size sections from 8 to 12 to cover particles with the size range of 1.16 nm to 11.6 ???????µm. Simulations with two different nucleation parameterizations were conducted for August 2002 over a global domain at a 4???????º by 5???????º horizontal resolution. The results are evaluated against field measurement data from the 2002 Aerosol Nucleation and Real Time Characterization Experiment (ANARChE) in Atlanta, Georgia, as well as satellite and reanalysis data. We have also explored the relationship between ???¢????????clean marine???¢??????? aerosol optical properties and ocean surface wind speed using remotely sensed data from the Cloud-Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization (CALIOP) on board the CALIPSO satellite and the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer (AMSR-E) on board the AQUA satellite. Detailed data analyses

Meskhidze, Nicholas; Zhang, Yang; Kamykowski, Daniel

2012-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

120

Effect of Terrestrial and Marine Organic Aerosol on Regional and Global Climate: Model Development, Application, and Verification with Satellite Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this DOE project the improvements to parameterization of marine primary organic matter (POM) emissions, hygroscopic properties of marine POM, marine isoprene derived secondary organic aerosol (SOA) emissions, surfactant effects, new cloud droplet activation parameterization have been implemented into Community Atmosphere Model (CAM 5.0), with a seven mode aerosol module from the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)???¢????????s Modal Aerosol Model (MAM7). The effects of marine aerosols derived from sea spray and ocean emitted biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) on microphysical properties of clouds were explored by conducting 10 year CAM5.0-MAM7 model simulations at a grid resolution 1.9???????°????????2.5???????° with 30 vertical layers. Model-predicted relationship between ocean physical and biological systems and the abundance of CCN in remote marine atmosphere was compared to data from the A-Train satellites (MODIS, CALIPSO, AMSR-E). Model simulations show that on average, primary and secondary organic aerosol emissions from the ocean can yield up to 20% increase in Cloud Condensation Nuclei (CCN) at 0.2% Supersaturation, and up to 5% increases in droplet number concentration of global maritime shallow clouds. Marine organics were treated as internally or externally mixed with sea salt. Changes associated with cloud properties reduced (absolute value) the model-predicted short wave cloud forcing from -1.35 Wm-2 to -0.25 Wm-2. By using different emission scenarios, and droplet activation parameterizations, this study suggests that addition of marine primary aerosols and biologically generated reactive gases makes an important difference in radiative forcing assessments. All baseline and sensitivity simulations for 2001 and 2050 using global-through-urban WRF/Chem (GU-WRF) were completed. The main objective of these simulations was to evaluate the capability of GU-WRF for an accurate representation of the global atmosphere by exploring the most accurate configuration of physics options in GWRF for global scale modeling in 2001 at a horizontal grid resolution of 1???????° x 1???????°. GU-WRF model output was evaluated using observational datasets from a variety of sources including surface based observations (NCDC and BSRN), model reanalysis (NCEP/ NCAR Reanalysis and CMAP), and remotely-sensed data (TRMM) to evaluate the ability of GU-WRF to simulate atmospheric variables at the surface as well as aloft. Explicit treatment of nanoparticles produced from new particle formation in GU-WRF/Chem-MADRID was achieved by expanding particle size sections from 8 to 12 to cover particles with the size range of 1.16 nm to 11.6 ???????µm. Simulations with two different nucleation parameterizations were conducted for August 2002 over a global domain at a 4???????º by 5???????º horizontal resolution. The results are evaluated against field measurement data from the 2002 Aerosol Nucleation and Real Time Characterization Experiment (ANARChE) in Atlanta, Georgia, as well as satellite and reanalysis data. We have also explored the relationship between ???¢????????clean marine???¢??????? aerosol optical properties and ocean surface wind speed using remotely sensed data from the Cloud-Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization (CALIOP) on board the CALIPSO satellite and the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer (AMSR-E) on board the AQUA satellite. Detailed data analyses

Meskhidze, Nicholas; Zhang, Yang; Kamykowski, Daniel

2012-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "km satellite modeled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Inverse modeling of CO2 sources and sinks using satellite observations of CO2 from TES and surface flask measurements  

SciTech Connect

We infer CO2 surface fluxes using satellite observations of mid-tropospheric CO2 from the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES) and measurements of CO2 from surface flasks in a time-independent inversion analysis based on the GEOS-Chem model. Using TES CO2 observations over oceans, spanning 40 S 40 N, we find that the horizontal and vertical coverage of the TES and flask data are complementary. This complementarity is demonstrated by combining the datasets in a joint inversion, which provides better constraints than from either dataset alone, when a posteriori CO2 distributions are evaluated against independent ship and aircraft CO2 data. In particular, the joint inversion offers improved constraints in the tropics where surface measurements are sparse, such as the tropical forests of South America. Aggregating the annual surface-to-atmosphere fluxes from the joint inversion for the year 2006 yields 1.13 0.21 PgC for the global ocean, 2.77 0.20 PgC for the global land biosphere and 3.90 0.29 PgC for the total global natural flux (defined as the sum of all biospheric, oceanic, and biomass burning contributions but excluding CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion). These global ocean and global land fluxes are shown to be near the median of the broad range of values from other inversion results for 2006. To achieve these results, a bias in TES CO2 in the Southern Hemisphere was assessed and corrected using aircraft flask data, and we demonstrate that our results have low sensitivity to variations in the bias correction approach. Overall, this analysis suggests that future carbon data assimilation systems can benefit by integrating in situ and satellite observations of CO2 and that the vertical information provided by satellite observations of mid-tropospheric CO2 combined with measurements of surface CO2, provides an important additional constraint for flux inversions.

Nassar, Ray [University of Toronto; Jones, DBA [University of Toronto; Kulawik, SS [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA; Worden, JR [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA; Bowman, K [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA; Andres, Robert Joseph [ORNL; Suntharalingam, P [University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom; Chen, j. [University of Toronto; Brenninkmeijer, CAM [Max Planck Institut fur Chemie, Mainz; Schuck, TJ [Max Planck Institut fur Chemie, Mainz; Conway, T.J. [NOAA, Boulder, CO; Worthy, DE [Environment Canada

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Constraining Dark Matter Models from a Combined Analysis of Milky Way Satellites with the Fermi Large Area Telescope  

SciTech Connect

Satellite galaxies of the Milky Way are among the most promising targets for dark matter searches in gamma rays. We present a search for dark matter consisting of weakly interacting massive particles, applying a joint likelihood analysis to 10 satellite galaxies with 24 months of data of the Fermi Large Area Telescope. No dark matter signal is detected. Including the uncertainty in the dark matter distribution, robust upper limits are placed on dark matter annihilation cross sections. The 95% confidence level upper limits range from about 10{sup -26} cm{sup 3} s{sup -1} at 5 GeV to about 5 x 10{sup -23} cm{sup 3} s{sup -1} at 1 TeV, depending on the dark matter annihilation final state. For the first time, using gamma rays, we are able to rule out models with the most generic cross section ({approx}3 x 10{sup -26} cm{sup 3} s{sup -1} for a purely s-wave cross section), without assuming additional boost factors.

Ackermann, M.; Ajello, M.; /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC; Albert, A.; /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /Ohio State U.; Atwood, W.B.; /UC, Santa Cruz; Baldini, L.; /INFN, Pisa; Ballet, J.; /DAPNIA, Saclay; Barbiellini, G.; /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U.; Bastieri, D.; /INFN, Padua /Padua U.; Bechtol, K.; /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC; Bellazzini, R.; /INFN, Pisa; Berenji, B.; Blandford, R.D.; Bloom, E.D.; /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC; Bonamente, E.; /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U.; Borgland, A.W.; /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC; Bregeon, J.; /INFN, Pisa; Brigida, M.; /Bari Polytechnic /INFN, Bari; Bruel, P.; /Ecole Polytechnique; Buehler, R.; /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC; Burnett, T.H.; /Washington U., Seattle; Buson, S.; /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /ICE, Bellaterra /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /IASF, Milan /IASF, Milan /DAPNIA, Saclay /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC /Artep Inc. /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC /ASDC, Frascati /Perugia U. /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC /Montpellier U. /Stockholm U. /Stockholm U., OKC /ASDC, Frascati /ASDC, Frascati /Udine U. /INFN, Trieste /Bari Polytechnic /INFN, Bari /Naval Research Lab, Wash., D.C. /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC /Montpellier U. /Bari Polytechnic /INFN, Bari /Ecole Polytechnique /NASA, Goddard /Hiroshima U. /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC /Bari Polytechnic /INFN, Bari /INFN, Bari /ASDC, Frascati /NASA, Goddard /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /Bari Polytechnic /INFN, Bari /Bologna Observ. /Stanford U., HEPL /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /SLAC /DAPNIA, Saclay /Alabama U., Huntsville; /more authors..

2012-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

123

Near-Surface Currents in DeSoto Canyon (199799): Comparison of Current Meters, Satellite Observation, and Model Simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study evaluates a data-assimilated model simulation of near-surface circulation in DeSoto Canyon (DSC), Gulf of Mexico, with emphasis on analyzing moored current-meter observations and comparing them with satellite data and model results. ...

Dong-Ping Wang; Lie-Yauw Oey; Tal Ezer; Peter Hamilton

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Temperature and Water Vapor Variance Scaling in Global Models: Comparisons to Satellite and Aircraft Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations of the scale dependence of height-resolved temperature T and water vapor q variability are valuable for improved subgrid-scale climate model parameterizations and model evaluation. Variance spectral benchmarks for T and q obtained ...

B. H. Kahn; J. Teixeira; E. J. Fetzer; A. Gettelman; S. M. Hristova-Veleva; X. Huang; A. K. Kochanski; M. Khler; S. K. Krueger; R. Wood; M. Zhao

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Comparison of precipitation derived from the ECMWF operational forecast model and satellite precipitation data sets.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Precipitation is an important component of the climate system and the accurate representation of the diurnal rainfall cycle is a key test of model performance. Although the modelling of precipitation in the cooler mid-latitudes has improved, in ...

Chris Kidd; Erin Dawkins; George Huffman

126

Satellite and Correlative Measurements of the Stratospheric Aerosol. I: An Optical Model for Data Conversions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a model of stratospheric aerosol optical properties (refractive index and relative size distribution) and their variability. The model's purposes are 1) providing flexible, efficient means for converting between different aerosol ...

P. B. Russell; J. M. Livingston; T. J. Swissler; M. P. McCormick; W. P. Chu; T. J. Pepin

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Physically Based Satellite Retrieval of Precipitation Using a 3D Passive Microwave Radiative Transfer Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A precipitation retrieval algorithm based on the application of a 3D radiative transfer model to a hybrid physical-stochastic 3D cloud model is described. The cloud model uses a statistical rainfall clustering scheme to generate 3D cloud ...

J. L. Haferman; E. N. Anagnostou; D. Tsintikidis; W. F. Krajewski; T. F. Smith

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Satellite Bioclimatology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite-acquired, remotely sensed observations of the earth's land areas are substatially advancing knowledge of global vegetation patterns. Recognition that combined visible/near infrared spectral reflectance observations are a general ...

Samuel N. Goward

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Transmission Model and Ground-Truth Investigation of Satellite-Derived Sea Surface Temperatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A band model of atmospheric transmission is used to investigate some of the multichannel sea surface temperature (MCSST) algorithms that are currently in use. The model is used with a set of atmospheric data to derive algorithms for the AVHRR and ...

I. J. Barton

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Impact of Ingesting Satellite-Derived Cloud Cover into the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the extent to which assimilating high-resolution remotely sensed cloud cover into the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS) provides an improved regional diagnosis of downward short- and longwave surface radiation ...

Ismail Yucel; W. James Shuttleworth; R. T. Pinker; L. Lu; S. Sorooshian

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Aerosol Influence on Cloud Microphysics Examined by Satellite Measurements and Chemical Transport Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Anthropogenic aerosols are hypothesized to decrease cloud drop radius and increase cloud droplet number concentration enhancing cloud optical depth and albedo. Here results have been used from a chemical transport model driven by the output of a ...

Harshvardhan; S. E. Schwartz; C. M. Benkovitz; G. Guo

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

An Improved Gaussian Jet Model for Deriving Absolute Geostrophic Velocity from Satellite Altimetry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Key aspects of a Gaussian jet model for deriving absolute geostrophic velocity from TOPEX/Poseidon altimeter data are improved. Velocities are obtained by synthesizing Gaussian fits to cross-stream velocity anomaly profiles of the Kuroshio and ...

Seung-Bum Kim; M. A. Saunders

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Tropospheric Aerosol Optical Thickness from the GOCART Model and Comparisons with Satellite and Sun Photometer Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Georgia Institute of TechnologyGoddard Global Ozone Chemistry Aerosol Radiation and Transport (GOCART) model is used to simulate the aerosol optical thickness ? for major types of tropospheric aerosols including sulfate, dust, organic carbon ...

Mian Chin; Paul Ginoux; Stefan Kinne; Omar Torres; Brent N. Holben; Bryan N. Duncan; Randall V. Martin; Jennifer A. Logan; Akiko Higurashi; Teruyuki Nakajima

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Factors Affecting KM Implementation in the Chinese Community  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reviews past research on KM to identify key factors affecting Chinese KM implementation. It begins with a chronological overview of 76 KM related publications, followed by two separate discussions of socio-cultural and non-socio-cultural factors ... Keywords: China, Chinese, KM Implementation, Knowledge Management

Yang Lin; Kimiz Dalkir

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Variational Assimilation of GOME Total-Column Ozone Satellite Data in a 2D LatitudeLongitude Tracer-Transport Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A four-dimensional data-assimilation method is described to derive synoptic ozone fields from total-column ozone satellite measurements. The ozone columns are advected by a 2D tracer-transport model, using ECMWF wind fields at a single pressure ...

H. J. Eskes; A. J. M. Piters; P. F. Levelt; M. A. F. Allaart; H. M. Kelder

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Simulating the Effects of Irrigation over the United States in a Land Surface Model Based on Satellite-Derived Agricultural Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel method is introduced for integrating satellite-derived irrigation data and high-resolution crop-type information into a land surface model (LSM). The objective is to improve the simulation of land surface states and fluxes through better ...

Mutlu Ozdogan; Matthew Rodell; Hiroko Kato Beaudoing; David L. Toll

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Present-Day Atmospheric Simulations Using GISS ModelE: Comparison to In Situ, Satellite, and Reanalysis Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A full description of the ModelE version of the Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) atmospheric general circulation model (GCM) and results are presented for present-day climate simulations (ca. 1979). This version is a complete rewrite of ...

Gavin A. Schmidt; Reto Ruedy; James E. Hansen; Igor Aleinov; Nadine Bell; Mike Bauer; Susanne Bauer; Brian Cairns; Vittorio Canuto; Ye Cheng; Anthony Del Genio; Greg Faluvegi; Andrew D. Friend; Tim M. Hall; Yongyun Hu; Max Kelley; Nancy Y. Kiang; Dorothy Koch; Andy A. Lacis; Jean Lerner; Ken K. Lo; Ron L. Miller; Larissa Nazarenko; Valdar Oinas; Jan Perlwitz; Judith Perlwitz; David Rind; Anastasia Romanou; Gary L. Russell; Makiko Sato; Drew T. Shindell; Peter H. Stone; Shan Sun; Nick Tausnev; Duane Thresher; Mao-Sung Yao

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

A Study of the Aerosol Effect on a Cloud Field with Simultaneous Use of GCM Modeling and Satellite Observation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The indirect effect of aerosols was simulated by a GCM for nonconvective water clouds and was compared with remote sensing results from the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) satellite-borne sensor for January, April, July, and ...

Kentaroh Suzuki; Teruyuki Nakajima; Atusi Numaguti; Toshihiko Takemura; Kazuaki Kawamoto; Akiko Higurashi

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Satellite-based reconstruction of the tropical oceanic clear sky outgoing longwave radiation and comparison with climate models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The changes of the outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) in clear-sky conditions have been calculated using High-resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder (HIRS) observations from 1979 to 2004. After applying corrections for satellite orbital drift and ...

Guillaume Gastineau; Brian J. Soden; Darren L. Jackson; Chris W. ODell

140

Spatial Patterns of Climate Variability in Upper-Tropospheric Water Vapor Radiances from Satellite Data and Climate Model Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of multivariate fingerprints and spatial pattern correlation in the detection and attribution of climate change has concentrated on radiosonde temperature fields. However, the large body of radiance data from satellite-borne instruments ...

A. J. Geer; J. E. Harries; H. E. Brindley

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "km satellite modeled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Top-of-Atmosphere Albedo Estimation from Angular Distribution Models Using Scene Identification from Satellite Cloud Property Retrievals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The next generation of earth radiation budget satellite instruments will routinely merge estimates of global top-of-atmosphere radiative fluxes with cloud properties. This information will offer many new opportunities for validating radiative ...

Norman G. Loeb; Frdric Parol; Jean-Claude Buriez; Claudine Vanbauce

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Satellite-Based Modeling of the Carbon Fluxes in Mature Black Spruce Forests in Alaska: A Synthesis of the Eddy Covariance Data and Satellite Remote Sensing Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scaling up of observed point data to estimate regional carbon fluxes is an important issue in the context of the global terrestrial carbon cycle. In this study, the authors proposed a new model to scale up the eddy covariance data to estimate ...

Masahito Ueyama; Yoshinobu Harazono; Kazuhito Ichii

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Microsoft Word - Ghana_10km_solar_country_report.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assessment (SWERA) Assessment (SWERA) High Resolution Solar Radiation Assessment for Ghana Final country report prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart, Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, GHI-method, DNI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared as an account of work within the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP.

144

Microsoft Word - China_10km_solar_documentation.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China China Final Report for a Country Assessment prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, GHI-method, DNI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared for the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP. The results presented here were produced by state-of-the-art methods with best-known data. The DLR (Deutsches Zentrum für

145

Microsoft Word - Ethiopia_10km_solar_country_report.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia Ethiopia Final country report prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart, Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, GHI-method, DNI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared as an account of work within the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP. The results presented here were produced by state-of-the-art methods with best-known data. The

146

Microsoft Word - Nepal_10km_solar_country_report.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal Nepal Final country report prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart, Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, GHI-method, DNI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared as an account of work within the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP. The results presented here were produced by state-of-the-art methods with best-known data. The

147

Microsoft Word - Kenya_10km_solar_country_report.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya Kenya Final country report prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart, Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, GHI-method, DNI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared as an account of work within the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP. The results presented here were produced by state-of-the-art methods with best-known data. The

148

Brazil Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files

(Supplemental Information): The assessment of...

149

Brazil Latitude Tilted Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

INPE -
National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files

(Supplemental Information): The assessment of...

150

Biophysical Data Published from the km 67 Seca Floresta Site...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biophysical Data Published from the km 67 Seca Floresta Site, Brazil The ORNL DAAC announces the release of biophysical data from the rainfall exclusion experiment conducted at the...

151

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

km for km for Sri Lanka from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Sri Lanka (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

152

Solar: monthly direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

40km resolution for 40km resolution for Bangladesh from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Bangladesh. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

153

Solar: monthly global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

40km resolution for 40km resolution for Bangladesh from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for Bangladesh. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

154

Knowledge audit for a large scale government KM strategy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The promise of increased organizational performance has brought about a high level of interest for knowledge management (KM) from the part of actors involved in research and practice over the last 15 years. Governments are also actively launching KM ... Keywords: knowledge audit, knowledge management planning

Marie-Christine Roy; Mireille Sager; Jean-Francois Ricard

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Brazil Wind Data (40km) from CEPEL | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

40km) from CEPEL 40km) from CEPEL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Annual average of the aeolic potential at 50m. Content: wind speed in m/s, power class (7 classes), power density in W/m2 and Weibull k value organized into cells with 40km x 40km (Purpose): The thematic map by code of colors permits quick viewing of all the Brazilian territory dataset. That map indicates, for the height of 50m, the annual average, in W/m2, of wind speed, power class, power density and Weibull k value. (Supplemental Information): The information is organized into cells measuring 10 x 40km. The wind potential maps were calculated from simulations produced by the MesoMap(*) for 360 days, extracted of a period of 15 years of data. The days were chosen by means of random sampling at several heights, so that each month and season be considered in a representative way.

156

Documentation of high resolution solar resource assessment (10km...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

resolution solar resource assessment for China provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global...

157

Documentation of high resolution solar resource assessment (10km...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

solar resource assessment for Ethiopia provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global...

158

Documentation of high resolution solar resource assessment (10km...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

resolution solar resource assessment for Nepal provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global...

159

Documentation of high resolution solar resource assessment (10km...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

resolution solar resource assessment for Kenya provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global...

160

An observation-based investigation of nudging in WRF for downscaling surface climate information to 12-km grid spacing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous research has demonstrated the ability to use the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model and contemporary dynamical downscaling methods to refine global climate modeling results to a horizontal grid spacing of 36 km. Environmental ...

O. Russell Bullock Jr.; Kiran Alapaty; Jerold A. Herwehe; Megan S. Mallard; Tanya L. Otte; Robert C. Gilliam; Christopher G. Nolte

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "km satellite modeled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Preliminary assessment of an oil-spill trajectory model using satellite-tracked, oil-spill-simulating drifters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ninety-seven oil-spill-simulating drifters were deployed over the continental shelf of the northeastern Gulf of Mexico during five hydrographic surveys conducted from 1997 through 1999. Earlier, comparisons with spilled crude petroleum on the ocean surface ... Keywords: Model assessment, Model verification, Oil-spill model, Oil-spill model assessment, Oil-spill model verification, Statistical oil-spill model, Trajectory model

James M. Price; Mark Reed; Matthew K. Howard; Walter R. Johnson; Zhen-Gang Ji; Charles F. Marshall; Norman L. Guinasso, Jr.; Gail B. Rainey

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Brazil Wind Data (10km) from CEPEL | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

10km) from CEPEL 10km) from CEPEL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Annual average of the aeolic potential at 50m. Content: wind speed in m/s, power class (7 classes), power density in W/m2 and Weibull k value organized into cells with 10km x 10km (Purpose): The thematic map by code of colors permits quick viewing of all the Brazilian territory dataset. That map indicates, for the height of 50m, the annual average, in W/m2, of wind speed, power class, power density and Weibull k value (Supplemental Information): The information is organized into cells measuring 10 x 10km. The wind potential maps were calculated from simulations produced by the MesoMap(*) for 360 days, extracted of a period of 15 years of data. The days were chosen by means of random sampling at several heights, so that each month and season be considered in a representative way. MesoMap(*) for 360 days, extracted of a period of 15 years of data. The days were chosen by means of random sampling at several heights, so that each month and season be considered in a representative way.

163

Satellite data assimilation and estimation of a 3D coastal sediment transport model using error-subspace emulators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes sequential assimilation of data into a three-dimensional coastal ocean model using fast and cheap statistical surrogates of the model (emulators). The model simulates resuspension and deposition of fine sediments in a macro-tidal ... Keywords: Coastal, Data assimilation, Emulator, Model, Remote sensing, Sediment transport

N. Margvelashvili; J. Andrewartha; M. Herzfeld; B. J. Robson; V. E. Brando

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Measuring KM Success and KM Service Quality with KnowMetrix --- First Experiences from a Case Study in a Software Company  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is commonly accepted that knowledge management (KM) and knowledge transfer are critical success factors for competing enterprises. What is not yet known sufficiently is how to measure the status of KM in order to develop concrete and effective actions ... Keywords: KM service quality, KM success, KM success factors, KnowMetrix, success measurement

Franz Lehner

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Use of Satellite-Based Precipitation Observation in Improving the Parameterization of Canopy Hydrological Processes in Land Surface Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Precipitation exhibits significant spatial variability at scales much smaller than the typical size of climate model grid cells. Neglecting such subgrid-scale variability in climate models causes unrealistic representation of landatmosphere flux ...

Dagang Wang; Guiling Wang; Emmanouil N. Anagnostou

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Retrieval of Model Grid-Scale Heat Capacity Using Geostationary Satellite Products. Part I: First Case-Study Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In weather forecast and general circulation models the behavior of the atmospheric boundary layer, especially the nocturnal boundary layer, can be critically dependent on the magnitude of the effective model grid-scale bulk heat capacity. Yet, ...

Richard T. McNider; William M. Lapenta; Arastoo P. Biazar; Gary J. Jedlovec; Ronnie J. Suggs; Jonathan Pleim

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Documentation of high resolution solar resource assessment (10km) for Kenya  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya Kenya provided by DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Documentation of the satellite-based high resolution solar resource assessment for Kenya provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global horizontal and direct normal irradiance (GHI and DNI) for the year 2000, 2001 and 2002. Additionally, for selected sites hourly values of GHI and DNI are provided.The Documentation gives an overview about the used input data and used methodology, shows example maps and describes a comparison with ground data (if provided by the country) (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. For the selected sites, the hourly time series can be used for the simulation of Photovoltaic (PV)-systems or Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)-systems.

168

Documentation of high resolution solar resource assessment (10km) for Nepal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal Nepal provided by DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Documentation of the satellite-based high resolution solar resource assessment for Nepal provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global horizontal and direct normal irradiance (GHI and DNI) for the year 2000, 2002 and 2003. Additionally, for selected sites hourly values of GHI and DNI are provided.The Documentation gives an overview about the used input data and used methodology, shows example maps and describes a comparison with ground data (if provided by the country) (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. For the selected sites, the hourly time series can be used for the simulation of Photovoltaic (PV)-systems or Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)-systems.

169

Documentation of high resolution solar resource assessment (10km) for China  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China China provided by DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Documentation of the satellite-based high resolution solar resource assessment for China provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global horizontal and direct normal irradiance (GHI and DNI) for the year 2000, 2002 and 2003. Additionally, for selected sites hourly values of GHI and DNI are provided.The Documentation gives an overview about the used input data and used methodology, shows example maps and describes a comparison with ground data (if provided by the country) (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. For the selected sites, the hourly time series can be used for the simulation of Photovoltaic (PV)-systems or Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)-systems.

170

Retrieval of Near-Surface Temperatures from Satellite Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Now that satellite retrieval are being used in global forecasts, there is increased interest in using satellite retrievals for use such as mesoscale forecasts and inputs to crop models. These uses require more accurate retrievals near the ground ...

Larry M. McMillin; Kamesh Govindaraju

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

A Simplified Diagnostic Model of Orographic Rainfall for Enhancing Satellite-Based Rainfall Estimates in Data-Poor Regions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An extension of Sinclair's diagnostic model of orographic precipitation (VDEL) is developed for use in data-poor regions to enhance rainfall estimates. This extension (VDELB) combines a 2D linearized internal gravity wave calculation with the ...

Chris Funk; Joel Michaelsen

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Radiative Transfer Simulations Using Mesoscale Cloud Model Outputs: Comparisons with Passive Microwave and Infrared Satellite Observations for Midlatitudes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real midlatitude meteorological cases are simulated over western Europe with the cloud mesoscale model Mso-NH, and the outputs are used to calculate brightness temperatures at microwave frequencies with the Atmospheric Transmission at Microwave (...

Ingo Meirold-Mautner; Catherine Prigent; Eric Defer; Juan R. Pardo; Jean-Pierre Chaboureau; Jean-Pierre Pinty; Mario Mech; Susanne Crewell

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

A Multiscale Ensemble Filtering System for Hydrologic Data Assimilation. Part II: Application to Land Surface Modeling with Satellite Rainfall Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Part I of this series of studies developed procedures to implement the multiscale filtering algorithm for land surface hydrology and performed assimilation experiments with rainfall ensembles from a climate model. However, a most important ...

Ming Pan; Eric F. Wood

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Climate Variability and Trends in SSU Radiances: A Comparison of Model Predictions and Satellite Observations in the Middle Stratosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several recent studies have highlighted the potential of utilizing statistical techniques to pattern match observations and model simulations in order to establish a causal relationship between anthropogenic activity and climate change. Up to now ...

H. E. Brindley; A. J. Geer; J. E. Harries

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Narrow- and Broad-Band Satellite Measurements of Shortwave Radiation: Conversion Simulations with a General Circulation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Oregon State University/Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory general circulation model has been employed as a vehicle for suggesting and exploring various means of converting narrow-band measurements of reflected solar radiation from the ...

Robert D. Cess; Gerald L. Potter

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Infrared and Visible Satellite Rain Estimation. Part I: A Grid Cell Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationships between satellite-viewed cloudy (or partly cloudy) grid cells and the variability of the precipitation contained therein are explored. Using a 32 km grid and 30 min interval visible, infrared and radar data, 5 days of the ...

Andrew J. Negri; Robert F. Adler

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Evaluating Satellite-Based Cloud Persistence and Displacement Nowcasting Techniques over Complex Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) sensor aboard the Terra and Aqua satellites allows roughly for the same region of Earth to be sampled twice in a nowcasting time frame. Using the MODIS cloud mask at 5-km resolution and ...

Eric M. Guillot; Thomas H. Vonder Haar; John M. Forsythe; Steven J. Fletcher

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Fourier-Ray Modeling of Short-Wavelength Trapped Lee Waves Observed in Infrared Satellite Imagery near Jan Mayen  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A time-dependent generalization of a Fourier-ray method is presented and tested for fast numerical computation of high-resolution nonhydrostatic mountain-wave fields. The method is used to model mountain waves from Jan Mayen on 25 January 2000, a ...

Stephen D. Eckermann; Dave Broutman; Jun Ma; John Lindeman

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Mesoscale Insolation Variability Derived from Satellite Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple radiative model designed to estimate insolation from geostationary satellite data has been applied to GOES-East calibrated visible data. Insolation results for 90 days are presented and compared with pyranometer measurements for three ...

Catherine Gautier

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brazil from NREL Brazil from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for Brazil. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "km satellite modeled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya from NREL Kenya from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Kenya. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

182

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal from NREL Nepal from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Nepal. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

183

Solar: monthly and annual average latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from NREL Ghana from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for flat-plate collectors tilted at latitude for Ghana. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to

184

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia from NREL Ethiopia from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Ethiopia. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

185

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal from NREL Nepal from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for Nepal. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

186

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from NREL Ghana from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Ghana. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

187

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from NREL Ghana from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for Ghana. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

188

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brazil from NREL Brazil from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Brazil. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

189

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya from NREL Kenya from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for Kenya. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

190

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka from NREL Sri Lanka from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors, for Sri Lanka (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

191

Experimental demonstration of quantum correlations over more than 10 km  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy and time entangled photons at a wavelength of 1310 nm are produced by parametric downconversion in a KNbO3 crystal and are sent into all-fiber interferometers using a telecom fiber network. The two interferometers of this Franson-type test of the Bell-inequality are located 10.9 km apart from one another. Two-photon fringe visibilities of up to 81.6 % are obtained. These strong nonlocal correlations support the nonlocal predictions of quantum mechanics and provide evidence that entanglement between photons can be maintained over long distances.

W. Tittel; J. Brendel; B. Gisin; T. Herzog; H. Zbinden; N. Gisin

1997-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

192

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

49031 49031 Varnish cache server Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km resolution for China from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for China. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to

193

Feasibility of 300 km Quantum Key Distribution with Entangled States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A significant limitation of practical quantum key distribution (QKD) setups is currently their limited operational range. It has recently been emphasized (X. Ma, C.-H. F. Fung, and H.-K. Lo., Phys. Rev. A, 76:012307, 2007) that entanglement-based QKD systems can tolerate higher channel losses than systems based on weak coherent laser pulses (WCP), in particular when the source is located symmetrically between the two communicating parties, Alice and Bob. In the work presented here, we experimentally study this important advantage by implementing different entanglement-based QKD setups on a 144~km free-space link between the two Canary Islands of La Palma and Tenerife. We established three different configurations where the entangled photon source was placed at Alice's location, asymmetrically between Alice and Bob and symmetrically in the middle between Alice and Bob, respectively. The resulting quantum channel attenuations of 35~dB, 58~dB and 71~dB, respectively, significantly exceed the limit for WCP systems. This confirms that QKD over distances of 300~km and even more is feasible with entangled state sources placed in the middle between Alice and Bob.

Thomas Scheidl; Rupert Ursin; Alessandro Fedrizzi; Sven Ramelow; Xiao-Song Ma; Thomas Herbst; Robert Prevedel; Lothar Ratschbacher; Johannes Kofler; Thomas Jennewein; Anton Zeilinger

2010-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

194

Final Report: Detection and Characterization of Underground Facilities by Stochastic Inversion and Modeling of Data from the New Generation of Synthetic Aperture Satellites  

SciTech Connect

Many clandestine development and production activities can be conducted underground to evade surveillance. The purpose of the study reported here was to develop a technique to detect underground facilities by broad-area search and then to characterize the facilities by inversion of the collected data. This would enable constraints to be placed on the types of activities that would be feasible at each underground site, providing a basis the design of targeted surveillance and analysis for more complete characterization. Excavation of underground cavities causes deformation in the host material and overburden that produces displacements at the ground surface. Such displacements are often measurable by a variety of surveying or geodetic techniques. One measurement technique, Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR), uses data from satellite-borne (or airborne) synthetic aperture radars (SARs) and so is ideal for detecting and measuring surface displacements in denied access regions. Depending on the radar frequency and the acquisition mode and the surface conditions, displacement maps derived from SAR interferograms can provide millimeter- to centimeter-level measurement accuracy on regional and local scales at spatial resolution of {approx}1-10 m. Relatively low-resolution ({approx}20 m, say) maps covering large regions can be used for broad-area detection, while finer resolutions ({approx}1 m) can be used to image details of displacement fields over targeted small areas. Surface displacements are generally expected to be largest during or a relatively short time after active excavation, but, depending on the material properties, measurable displacement may continue at a decreasing rate for a considerable time after completion. For a given excavated volume in a given geological setting, the amplitude of the surface displacements decreases as the depth of excavation increases, while the area of the discernable displacement pattern increases. Therefore, the ability to detect evidence for an underground facility using InSAR depends on the displacement sensitivity and spatial resolution of the interferogram, as well as on the size and depth of the facility and the time since its completion. The methodology development described in this report focuses on the exploitation of synthetic aperture radar data that are available commercially from a number of satellite missions. Development of the method involves three components: (1) Evaluation of the capability of InSAR to detect and characterize underground facilities ; (2) inversion of InSAR data to infer the location, depth, shape and volume of a subsurface facility; and (3) evaluation and selection of suitable geomechanical forward models to use in the inversion. We adapted LLNL's general-purpose Bayesian Markov Chain-Monte Carlo procedure, the 'Stochastic Engine' (SE), to carry out inversions to characterize subsurface void geometries. The SE performs forward simulations for a large number of trial source models to identify the set of models that are consistent with the observations and prior constraints. The inverse solution produced by this kind of stochastic method is a posterior probability density function (pdf) over alternative models, which forms an appropriate input to risk-based decision analyses to evaluate subsequent response strategies. One major advantage of a stochastic inversion approach is its ability to deal with complex, non-linear forward models employing empirical, analytical or numerical methods. However, while a geomechanical model must incorporate adequate physics to enable sufficiently accurate prediction of surface displacements, it must also be computationally fast enough to render the large number of forward realizations needed in stochastic inversion feasible. This latter requirement prompted us first to investigate computationally efficient empirical relations and closed-form analytical solutions. However, our evaluation revealed severe limitations in the ability of existing empirical and analytical forms to predict deformations from undergro

Foxall, W; Cunningham, C; Mellors, R; Templeton, D; Dyer, K; White, J

2012-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

195

Evaluation of Some Ground Truth Designs for Satellite Estimates of Rain Rate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper point gauge measurements are analyzed as part of a ground truth design to validate satellite retrieval algorithms at the field-of-view spatial level (typically about 20 km). Even in the ideal case the ground and satellite ...

Eunho Ha; Gerald R. North; Chulsang Yoo; Kyung-Ja Ha

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Comparison of Model-Predicted Transport and Diffusion of Seeding Material with NOAA Satellite-Observed Seeding Track in Supercooled Layer Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From 0615 to 0749 UTC 14 March 2000, an operation of cloud seeding for precipitation enhancement by aircraft was carried out in the middle part of Shaanxi Province, China. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)-14 satellite ...

Xing Yu; Jin Dai; Daniel Rosenfeld; Hengchi Lei; Xiaohong Xu; Peng Fan; Zhengqi Chen

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Satellite Data Assimilation in Numerical Weather Prediction Models. Part II: Uses of Rain-Affected Radiances from Microwave Observations for Hurricane Vortex Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A hybrid variational scheme (HVAR) is developed to produce the vortex analysis associated with tropical storms. This scheme allows for direct assimilation of rain-affected radiances from satellite microwave instruments. In the HVAR, the ...

Fuzhong Weng; Tong Zhu; Banghua Yan

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Key technology trends - Satellite systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is based on material extracted from the WTEC Panel Report Global Satellite Communications Technology and Systems, December 1998. It presents an overview of key technology trends in communications satellites in the last few years. After the ... Keywords: Communications satellites, Satellite communications, Satellite technology overview

Charles W. Bostian; William T. Brandon; Alfred U. Mac Rae; Christoph E. Mahle; Stephen A. Townes

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China from NREL China from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for China. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to the model. The local cloud cover can vary significantly even within a single grid cell as a result of terrain effects and other microclimate influences. Furthermore, the uncertainty of the modeled estimates increase with distance from reliable measurement sources and with the complexity of the terrain.

200

El NioLa Nia Events Simulated with Cane and Zebiak's Model and Observed with Satellite or In Situ Data. Part I: Model Data Comparison  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Zebiak and Cane model is used in its uncoupled mode, meaning that the oceanic model component is driven by the Florida State University (FSU) wind stress anomalies over 198093 to simulate sea surface temperature anomalies, and these are ...

Claire Perigaud; Boris Dewitte

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "km satellite modeled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

A 233 km tunnel for lepton and hadron colliders  

SciTech Connect

A decade ago, a cost analysis was conducted to bore a 233 km circumference Very Large Hadron Collider (VLHC) tunnel passing through Fermilab. Here we outline implementations of e{sup +}e{sup -}, pp-bar , and {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} collider rings in this tunnel using recent technological innovations. The 240 and 500 GeV e{sup +}e{sup -} colliders employ Crab Waist Crossings, ultra low emittance damped bunches, short vertical IP focal lengths, superconducting RF, and low coercivity, grain oriented silicon steel/concrete dipoles. Some details are also provided for a high luminosity 240 GeV e{sup +}e{sup -} collider and 1.75 TeV muon accelerator in a Fermilab site filler tunnel. The 40 TeV pp-bar collider uses the high intensity Fermilab p-bar source, exploits high cross sections for pp-bar production of high mass states, and uses 2 Tesla ultra low carbon steel/YBCO superconducting magnets run with liquid neon. The 35 TeV muon ring ramps the 2 Tesla superconducting magnets at 9 Hz every 0.4 seconds, uses 250 GV of superconducting RF to accelerate muons from 1.75 to 17.5 TeV in 63 orbits with 71% survival, and mitigates neutrino radiation with phase shifting, roller coaster motion in a FODO lattice.

Summers, D. J.; Cremaldi, L. M.; Datta, A.; Duraisamy, M.; Luo, T.; Lyons, G. T. [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of Mississippi-Oxford, University, MS 38677 (United States)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

202

Determination of Ionospheric Current Systems by Measuring the Phase Shift on Amateur Satellite Frequencies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the possibility of measuring and using the phase delay of radio frequency transmissions in the amateur satellite band as a method to determine the distribution of currents systems in the ionosphere. The amateur satellite transmissions at 7M Hz, 14M Hz, and 144M Hz are low enough for Faraday rotation to cause a significant phase delay on the propagating signals in addition to the phase delay produced by the total electron content (TEC) in the ionosphere. The ionosphere in the E and F regions is modeled as an equivalent thin planar shell of collision free cold plasma 100 km in thickness located in an altitude range of 100 ? 200 km. The earths magnetic field is superposed with a weaker magnetic field due to a narrow Gaussian strip of current representing an ionospheric electrojet. The profile of the current system is obtained by numerically optimizing the Appleton-Hartree dispersion relation for rays of simulated radio frequency (RF) signals that propagate through the ionosphere shell. The optimization procedure is performed with a differential evolution algorithm. From the optimization procedure, we obtain the ionosphere total electron content (TEC) and the strength, profile, and orientation of the ionospheric current system. (53 pages) iv

Prajwal M Kasturi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands from NREL Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors, for Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to the model. The local cloud cover can vary significantly even within a single grid cell as a result of terrain effects and other microclimate

204

Science satellites seek Santa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science satellites seek Santa Science satellites seek Santa Science satellites seek Santa Los Alamos scientists will use two advanced science satellites to mark the course taken by the elfin traveler. December 16, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Contact Nancy Ambrosiano Communications Office

205

The Influence of Variations in Surface Treatment on 24-Hour Forecasts with a Limited Area Model, Including a Comparison of Modeled and Satellite-Measured Surface Temperatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effect of variations in surface parameters on 24-hour limited area forecasts has been examined on a day in July 1981. The vehicle for the study is a ten-level primitive equation model covering most of the continental United States. Variations ...

George Diak; Stacey Heikkinen; John Rates

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Satellite-Derived Surface Radiation Budget over the African Continent. Part I: Estimation of Downward Solar Irradiance and Albedo  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Downward surface solar irradiance and albedo of the African continent are estimated from Meteosat B2 data at 30-km spatial resolution. The algorithm, based on Dedieu et al.s approach, is verified against other satellite estimates and ground-...

Mamoudou B. Ba; Robert Frouin; Sharon E. Nicholson; Grard Dedieu

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia from NREL Ethiopia from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for Ethiopia. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to the

208

Satellite Radio: Its Global Impact  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Geo-Stationary High-powered Satellites · Processed and Transparent Payloads · Solar-Powered Provides A is the satellite transmit characteristics, determined by state-of art satellite power, coverage area; B is Receive WorldSpace XM Sirius MBSAT #12;8 Satellite Radio: A Confluence of Technologies Radio Radio Internet

Udgaonkar, Jayant B.

209

in the Construction of KM Systems Based on Agents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is concerned with organizing Knowledge Management in R&D projects where time is the prime factor. We argue that agents should augment groupware functionalities in order to increase the overall system pro-activity and information sharing among project members. These agents are organized, as far as possible, accordingly to the model of Ba proposed by Nonaka and Konno.

Cesar Tacla Cnrs; Cesar Tacla

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Ba in the construction of KM systems based on agents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is concerned with organizing Knowledge Management in R&D projects where time is the prime factor. We argue that agents should augment groupware functionalities in order to increase the overall system pro-activity and information sharing among project members. These agents are organized, as far as possible, accordingly to the model of Ba proposed by Nonaka and Konno.

Cesar Tacla; Jean-Paul Barths

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Small satellite radiation budget instrumentation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A major diagnostic in understanding the response of the Earth`s climate to natural or anthropogenic changes is the radiative balance at the top of the atmosphere. Two classes of measurements may be undertaken: (1) a monitoring of the radiation balance over decade-long long time-scales, and (2) measurements designed to provide a sufficiently complete data set to validate or improve models. This paper discusses some of the important ingredients in obtaining such data, and presents a description of some candidate instrumentation for use on a small satellite. 23 refs.

Weber, P.G.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Small satellite radiation budget instrumentation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A major diagnostic in understanding the response of the Earth's climate to natural or anthropogenic changes is the radiative balance at the top of the atmosphere. Two classes of measurements may be undertaken: (1) a monitoring of the radiation balance over decade-long long time-scales, and (2) measurements designed to provide a sufficiently complete data set to validate or improve models. This paper discusses some of the important ingredients in obtaining such data, and presents a description of some candidate instrumentation for use on a small satellite. 23 refs.

Weber, P.G.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Solar: monthly and annual average latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China from NREL China from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for flat-plate collectors tilted at latitude for China. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented due south at an angle from horizontal equal to the latitude of the collector location. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations

214

Mapping coral reefs at reef to reef-system scales, 10s1000s km2, using object-based image analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coral reef maps at various spatial scales and extents are needed for mapping, monitoring, modelling, and management of these environments. High spatial resolution satellite imagery, pixel <10 m, integrated with field survey data and processed with various ...

Chris Roelfsema, Stuart Phinn, Stacy Jupiter, James Comley, Simon Albert

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Improved lower bounds for the 2-page crossing numbers of Km,n ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 18, 2011 ... graph Km,n and of the complete graph Kn equal Z(m, n) := ?n. 2 ... drawings of Km,n (respectively, Kn) with exactly Z(m, n) (respectively, Z(n))...

216

Inferring Surface Solar Absorption from Broadband Satellite Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An atmospheric solar radiation model, in conjunction with a variety of surface albedo models, has been employed to address several issues related to inferring the surface solar radiation budget from satellite measurements. With reference to ...

Robert D. Cess; Inna L. Vulis

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Enhancement of satellite precipitation estimation via unsupervised dimensionality reduction  

SciTech Connect

A methodology to enhance Satellite Precipitation Estimation (SPE) using unsupervised dimensionality reduction (UDR) techniques is developed. This enhanced technique is an extension to the Precipitation Estimation from Remotely Sensed Imagery using an Artificial Neural Network (PERSIANN) and Cloud Classification System (CCS) method (PERSIANN-CCS) enriched using wavelet features combined with dimensionality reduction. Cloud-top brightness temperature measurements from Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES-12) are used for precipitation estimation at 4 km 4 km spatial resolutions every 30 min. The study area in the continental United States covers parts of Louisiana, Arkansas, Kansas, Tennessee, Mississippi, and Alabama. Based on quantitative measures, root mean square error (RMSE) and Heidke skill score (HSS), the results show that the UDR techniques can improve the precipitation estimation accuracy. In addition, ICA is shown to have better performance than other UDR techniques; and in some cases, it achieves 10% improvement in the HSS.

Mahrooghy, Majid [Mississippi State University (MSU); Younan, Nicolas H. [Mississippi State University (MSU); Anantharaj, Valentine G [ORNL; Aanstoos, James [Mississippi State University (MSU)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

High-Resolution Simulation of Mean Convection and Its Intraseasonal Variability over the Tropics in the MRI/JMA 20-km Mesh AGCM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropical mean convection and its organization on different spatiotemporal scales in a simulation using the Meteorological Research Institute/Japan Meteorological Agency (MRI/JMA) global atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) at 20-km ...

K. Rajendran; A. Kitoh; R. Mizuta; S. Sajani; T. Nakazawa

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Horizontal Variability in 10 m Wind Velocities as Observed at Two Prairie Sites Separated by a Distance of 7.5 km  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is important to assess the representativeness of mesoscale wind data because most short range pollution models assume that wind velocity will remain constant over distances in the order of 10 km. Previous observational studies have shown that ...

D. M. Leahey; M. C. Hansen; M. B. Schroeder

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Assimilation of Visible-Band Satellite Data for Mesoscale Forecasting in Cloudy Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Assimilation of satellite data can enhance the ability of a mesoscale modeling system to produce accurate short-term forecasts of clouds and precipitation, but only if there is a mechanism for the satellite-derived information to propagate ...

Alan E. Lipton; George D. Modica

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "km satellite modeled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Microsoft Word - Sri_Lanka_10km_solar_country_report.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lanka Lanka Final country report prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart, Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, DNI-method, GHI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared as an account of work within the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP. The results presented here were produced by state-of-the-art methods with best-known data. The

222

NEMO: A Project for a km$^3$ Underwater Detector for Astrophysical Neutrinos in the Mediterranean Sea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The status of the project is described: the activity on long term characterization of water optical and oceanographic parameters at the Capo Passero site candidate for the Mediterranean km$^3$ neutrino telescope; the feasibility study; the physics performances and underwater technology for the km$^3$; the activity on NEMO Phase 1, a technological demonstrator that has been deployed at 2000 m depth 25 km offshore Catania; the realization of an underwater infrastructure at 3500 m depth at the candidate site (NEMO Phase 2).

I. Amore; for the NEMO Collaboration

2007-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

223

Occultation Evidence for a Satellite of the Trojan Asteroid (911) Agamemnon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On 2012 January 19, observers in the northeastern United States of America observed an occultation of 8.0-mag HIP 41337 star by the Jupiter-Trojan (911) Agamemnon, including one video recorded with a 36cm telescope that shows a deep brief secondary occultation that is likely due to a satellite, of about 5 km (most likely 3 to 10 km) across, at 278 km $\\pm$ 5 km (0.0931 arcsec) from the asteroid's center as projected in the plane of the sky. A satellite this small and this close to the asteroid could not be resolved in the available VLT adaptive optics observations of Agamemnon recorded in 2003. The outline of Agamemnon is fit well by an ellipse with dimensions 190.6 $\\pm$ 0.9 km by 143.8 $\\pm$ 1.5 km. The angular diameter of HIP 41337 was found to be 0.5 $\\pm$ 0.1 milli-arcsec. After (624) Hektor, this could be the second Jupiter Trojan asteroid known to possess a small satellite.

Timerson, Bradley; Conard, Steven; Dunham, David W; Herald, David; Tolea, Alin; Marchis, Franck

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

The Improved Initialization Inversion Method: A High Resolution Physical Method for Temperature Retrievals from Satellites of the TIROS-N Series  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Improved lnitialization Inversion (3I) procedure is a physico-statistical algorithm for retrieving meteorological parameters from TIROS-N satellite data at a special resolution of 100 100 km. This procedure accounts for the physics of the ...

A. Chedin; N. A. Scott; C. Wahiche; P. Moulinier

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Brazil Wind Data (40km) from CEPEL

(Abstract): ...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b> The information is organized into cells measuring 10 x 40km. The wind potential maps were calculated from simulations produced by the MesoMap(*) for 360...

226

Brazil Wind Data (10km) from CEPEL

(Abstract): ...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b> The information is organized into cells measuring 10 x 10km. The wind potential maps were calculated from simulations produced by the MesoMap(*) for 360...

227

Classified road detection from satellite images based on perceptual organization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extracting roads from satellite images is an important task in both research and practice. This work presents an improved model for road detection based on the principles of perceptual organization and classification fusion in human vision system (HVS). ...

J. Yang; R. S. Wang

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Mesoscale Cloud State Estimation from Visible and Infrared Satellite Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study focuses on cloudy atmosphere state estimation from high-resolution visible and infrared satellite remote sensing measurements and a mesoscale model with explicit cloud prediction. The cloud state is defined as 3D spatially distributed ...

T. Vukicevic; T. Greenwald; M. Zupanski; D. Zupanski; T. Vonder Haar; A. S. Jones

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Vertical Covariance Localization for Satellite Radiances in Ensemble Kalman Filters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A widely used observation space covariance localization method is shown to adversely affect satellite radiance assimilation in ensemble Kalman filters (EnKFs) when compared to model space covariance localization. The two principal problems are ...

William F. Campbell; Craig H. Bishop; Daniel Hodyss

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Satellite Data Assimilation Using NASA Data Systems Test 6 Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two assimilation schemes are described in which continuous indirect insertion of satellite-derived temperatures is performed, using a global primitive equation forecast model. Both schemes employ a relatively simple indirect insertion technique ...

Yoshi K. Sasaki; James S. Goerss

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Ocean Surface Pressure Fields from Satellite-Sensed Winds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The University of Washington's planetary boundary layer model is inverted to use remotely sensed satellite scatterometer-derived surface winds as input to calculate maritime surface pressure fields. The analysis of three different synoptic storm ...

Robert A. Brown; Gad Levy

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Experimental Single-Photon Transmission from Satellite to Earth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Free-space quantum communication with satellites opens a promising avenue for global secure quantum network and large-scale test of quantum foundations. Recently, numerous experimental efforts have been carried out towards this ambitious goal. However, one essential step - transmitting single photons from the satellite to the ground with high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) at realistic environments - remains experimental challenging. Here, we report a direct experimental demonstration of the satellite-ground transmission of a quasi-single-photon source. In the experiment, single photons (~0.85 photon per pulse) are generated by reflecting weak laser pulses back to earth with a cube-corner retro-reflector on the satellite Champ, collected by a 600-mm diameter telescope at the ground station, and finally detected by single-photon counting modules (SPCMs) after 400-km free-space link transmission. With the help of high accuracy time synchronization, narrow receiver field-of-view (FOV) and high-repetition-rate pulses (76 MHz), a SNR of better than 16:1 is obtained, which is sufficient for a secure quantum key distribution. Our experimental results represent an important step towards satellite-ground quantum communication.

Juan Yin; Yuan Cao; Shu-Bin Liu; Ge-Sheng Pan; Jin-Hong Wang; Tao Yang; Zhong-Ping Zhang; Fu-Min Yang; Yu-Ao Chen; Cheng-Zhi Peng; Jian-Wei Pan

2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

233

Development of KM System for Intergrated Management of Water Resources and Environment in Zhangweinan Subbasin, China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Knowledge Management (KM) system for Integrated Management of Water Resources and Environment is developed in the paper, which includes spatial database, properties database, thematic database and met abase. The database can be used for integrated management ... Keywords: Zhangweinan Subbasin, knowledge management system(KM), database

Weidong Yu; Chunhui Li; Junxiang Jia

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Satellite Measures Sun's True Power  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment (SORCE), a satellite mission of ... and accurate daily measurements of the sun's radiant power (or light ...

2010-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

235

Satellite-based remote sensing of cirrus clouds: hyperspectral radiative transfer modeling, analysis of uncertainties in in-situ cloud extinction measurements and intercomparison of cirrus retrievals from a-train instruments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation consists of three parts, each devoted to a particular issue of significant importance for satellite-based remote sensing of cirrus clouds. In the first part, we develop and present a fast infrared radiative transfer model on the basis of the adding-doubling principle. The model aims to facilitate the radiative transfer computations involved in hyperspectral remote sensing applications. The model is applicable to a variety of cloud conditions, including vertically inhomogeneous or multilayered clouds. It is shown that for hyperspectral applications the model is two order-of-magnitude faster than the well-known discrete ordinate transfer (DISORT) model, while maintains a similar accuracy. The second part is devoted to the investigation of uncertainties in the FSSP (Forward Scattering Spectrometer Probe) measurement of cloud extinction by small ice particles. First, the single-scattering properties of small ice particles in cirrus clouds are derived and compared to those of equivalent spheres according to various definitions. It is found that, although small ice particles in cirrus clouds are often quasi-spherical, their scattering phase functions and asymmetry factors are significant different from those of ice spheres. Such differences may lead to substantial underestimation of cloud extinction in FSSP measurement, if small ice particles are assumed to be spheres. In the third part, we present a comparison of cirrus cloud optical thickness retrievals from two important instruments, MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer) and POLDER (Polarization and Directionality of Earths Reflection), on board NASAs A-train satellite constellation. The comparison reveals a large difference. Several possible reasons are discussed. It is found that much of the difference is attributable to the difference between the MODIS and POLDER retrieval algorithm in the assumption of cirrus cloud bulk scattering properties. Potential implications of the difference for climate studies are investigated. An important finding is that the use of an unrealistic cirrus bulk scattering model might introduce artificial seasonal variation of cirrus optical thickness and shortwave radiative forcing into the retrieval.

Zhang, Zhibo

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Investigating Spatial Downscaling of Satellite Rainfall Data for Streamflow Simulation in a Medium-Sized Basin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to investigate spatial downscaling of satellite rainfall data for streamflow prediction in a medium-sized (970 km2) river basin prone to flooding. The spatial downscaling scheme used in the study was based on the ...

Sayma Rahman; Amvrossios C. Bagtzoglou; Faisal Hossain; Ling Tang; Lance D. Yarbrough; Greg Easson

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

The Frontal Hydraulic Head: A Micro-? Scale (1 km) Triggering Mechanism for Mesoconvective Weather Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements from the NOAA Boulder Atmospheric Observatory (BAO) 300 m tower, the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Sabreliner aircraft, and the NOAA GOES-5 satellite, give evidence for the cross-front scale collapse of ...

M. A. Shapiro; Tamara Hampel; Doris Rotzoll; F. Mosher

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

A 20-Year Dataset of Downwelling Longwave Flux at the Arctic Surface from TOVS Satellite Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

20-Year Dataset of Downwelling Longwave Flux 20-Year Dataset of Downwelling Longwave Flux at the Arctic Surface from TOVS Satellite Data J. Francis Rutgers University New Brunswick, New Jersey A. Schweiger Polar Science Center University of Washington Seattle, Washington J. Key National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service Madison, Wisconsin Introduction This paper summarizes the progress of a study under way to generate a 20-year dataset of surface downwelling longwave flux (DLF) retrievals from satellite data over the Arctic Ocean. We will produce daily fields between late 1979 and late 1998 on a grid with a spatial resolution of 100 km x 100 km 2 north of 60°N. Surface measurements from the Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic (SHEBA) and the

239

A multiobjective, multidisciplinary design optimization methodology for the conceptual design of distributed satellite systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A multiobjective, multidisciplinary design optimization methodology for mathematically modeling the distributed satellite system (DSS) conceptual design problem as an optimization problem has been developed to advance the ...

Jilla, Cyrus D., 1974-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Brazil Direct Normal Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files

(Supplemental Information): The assessment of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "km satellite modeled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Brazil Diffuse Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files (Supplemental Information): The assessment of reliability levels of the...

242

Brazil PAR Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files

(Supplemental Information): The assessment of...

243

Brazil PAR Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE -National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files

(Supplemental Information): The assessment of...

244

Brazil Diffuse Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files

(Supplemental Information): The assessment of...

245

Comparison And Discussion Of The 6 Km Temperature Maps Of The Western Us  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Comparison And Discussion Of The 6 Km Temperature Maps Of The Western Us Comparison And Discussion Of The 6 Km Temperature Maps Of The Western Us Prepared By The Smu Geothermal Lab And The Usgs Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Comparison And Discussion Of The 6 Km Temperature Maps Of The Western Us Prepared By The Smu Geothermal Lab And The Usgs Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Interpretations of temperature-at-6 km depth maps for the western US are compared and three areas of difference are discussed in detail. These three areas are critical for EGS resource evaluation yet they are quite different between the two maps. The data in these three areas (the northern Oregon Cascade Range, the Snake River Plain, and the northern Great Basin) bearing on the interpretations are discussed. There is a large

246

Solar: monthly latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution for Bangladesh  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution for Bangladesh latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution for Bangladesh from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for flat-plate collectors tilted at latitude for Bangladesh. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented due south at an angle from horizontal equal to the latitude of the collector location. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The

247

Wind: wind power density maps at 50 m above ground and 1km resolution...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind: wind power density maps at 50 m above ground and 1km resolution for eastern China from NREL

(Abstract):PDF maps of Eastern China wind mapping.

...

248

An Analysis of Convective System on a 100-km Scale during GATE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Usig data on a 100 km-scale from Phase III of GATE, the kinematic and thermodynamic, properties of the mesoscale environment in which convective clouds of varying intensities exist are investigated. Classifications into disturbed and suppressed ...

R. P. Pearce; J. Bayo Omotosho

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Gravity Wave and Tidal Structures between 60 and 140 km Inferred from Space Shuttle Reentry Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study presents an analysis of density measurements made using high-resolution accelerometers aboard several space shuttles at altitudes from 60 to 140 km during reentry into the earth's atmosphere. The observed density fluctuations are ...

David C. Fritts; Ding-Yi Wang; Robert C. Blanchard

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

KM capability for software development: a case study of the Indian software firms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Organisational knowledge management (KM) capability is developed to allow companies to share, create and disseminate their organisational knowledge resources. The paradigm shift from traditional business to information communication technology (ICT) ...

Abdullah Kammani; Sultan Aljahdali; Hema Date

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Solar: annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

at 10km resolution for Cuba from SUNY

(Abstract):Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate solar collectors for Cuba

(Purpose):<...

252

Comparison of Water-Related Land Cover Types in Six 1-km Global Land Cover Datasets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Land cover classification is a fundamental and vital activity that is helpful for understanding natural dynamics and the human impacts of land surface processes. Available multiple 1-km global land cover datasets have been compared to identify ...

Tosiyuki Nakaegawa

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Solar: monthly and annual latitude tilt horizontal GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

latitude tilt horizontal GIS data at 40km latitude tilt horizontal GIS data at 40km resolution for Nepal from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for flat-plate collectors tilted at latitude for Nepal. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented due south at an angle from horizontal equal to the latitude of the collector location. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The

254

Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km resolution for Central America from NREL

(Abstract):Raster GIS data, 50 m wind power density...

255

Wind: wind power density maps at 50m above ground and 1km resolution...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind: wind power density maps at 50m above ground and 1km resolution for Ghana from NREL

(Abstract):Raster GIS data, 50 m wind power density for Ghana.

...

256

Wind: wind power density maps at 50 m above ground and 1km resolution...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind: wind power density maps at 50 m above ground and 1km resolution for Cuba from NREL

(Abstract):Raster GIS data, 50 m wind power density for Cuba.

...

257

Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km resolution for Cuba from NREL

(Abstract):Raster GIS data, exported as BIL file, 50 m wind power...

258

Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km resolution for China from NREL

(Abstract):Raster GIS data, exported as BIL file, 50 m wind...

259

Wind: wind power density maps at 50m above ground and 1km resolution...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind: wind power density maps at 50m above ground and 1km resolution for Central America from NREL

(Abstract):50 m wind power density (Wm2) maps of Central...

260

Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km resolution for Ghana from NREL

(Abstract):Raster GIS data, exported as BIL file, 50 m wind...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "km satellite modeled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

PRODUCING SATELLITE-DERIVED IRRADIANCES IN COMPLEX ARID TERRAIN  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ASES 2003, Austin TX and submitted for publication in Solar Energy ASES 2003, Austin TX and submitted for publication in Solar Energy PRODUCING SATELLITE-DERIVED IRRADIANCES IN COMPLEX ARID TERRAIN Richard Perez & Marek Kmiecik ASRC, the University at Albany 251 Fuller Rd. Albany, NY 12203 perez@asrc.cestm.albany.edu Pierre Ineichen, CUEPE, University of Geneva 7 Route de Drize 1227 Carouge, Switzerland Pierre.Ineichen@cuepe.unige.ch Marek Kmiecik, ASRC Kathleen Moore, IED 251 Fuller Rd. Albany, NY 12203 moore@iedat.com David Renne & Ray George NREL 1617 Cole Blvd. Golden, CO 80401 drenne / ray_george@nrel.nrel.gov ABSTRACT This paper describes a methodology to correct satellite- derived irradiances over complex terrain. The correction applies to satellite models using visible images from geostationary satellites. 1. DESCRIPTION OF CURRENT MODEL

262

Foundations for Statistical-Physical Precipitation Retrieval from Passive Microwave Satellite Measurements. Part I: Brightness-Temperature Properties of a Time-dependent Cloud-Radiation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A cloud-radiation model is used to investigate the relationship between emerging microwave brightness temperatures (TB's) and vertically distributed mixtures of liquid and frozen hydrometeors as a means to establish the framework for a hybrid ...

Eric A. Smith; Harry J. Cooper; Xuwu Xiang; Alberto Mugnai; Gregory J. Tripoli

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

A Comparison of Tropical Precipitation Simulated by the Community Climate Model with That Measured by the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission Satellite  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study evaluates the simulation of tropical precipitation by the Community Climate Model, version 3, (CCM3) developed at the National Center for Atmospheric Research. Monthly mean precipitation rates from an ensemble of CCM3 simulations are ...

J. Craig Collier; Kenneth P. Bowman; Gerald R. North

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

The Use of Satellite Data in the Specification of Convective Heating for Diabatic Initialization and Moisture Adjustment in Numerical Weather Prediction Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although diabatic processes play an important role in the tropical circulation, current analysis schemes and numerical weather prediction models are unable to adequately include diabatic heating information. In this paper, procedures for using ...

Kamal Puri; M. J. Miller

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Calibration and validation of a distributed energy water balance model using satellite data of land surface temperature and ground discharge measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distributed hydrological models of energy and mass balance need as inputs many soil and vegetation parameters, which are usually difficult to define. This paper will try to approach this problem by performing a pixel to pixel calibration procedure ...

Chiara Corbari; Marco Mancini

266

Satellite-based estimates of net radiation and modeling the role of topography and vegetation on inter-annual hydro-climatology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change acknowledged that the lack of relevant observations in various regions of the world is a crucial gap in understanding and modeling impacts of ...

Bisht, Gautam

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Distribution of Time-Energy Entanglement over 100 km fiber using superconducting single-photon detectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this letter, we report an experimental realization of distributing entangled photon pairs over 100 km of dispersion-shifted fiber. In the experiment, we used a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide to generate the time-energy entanglement and superconducting single-photon detectors to detect the photon pairs after 100 km. We also demonstrate that the distributed photon pairs can still be useful for quantum key distribution and other quantum communication tasks.

Qiang Zhang; Hiroki Takesue; Sae Woo Nam; Carsten Langrock; Xiuping Xie; M. M. Fejer; Yoshihisa Yamamoto

2007-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

268

Issues in satellite personal communication systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the paper various issues in personal satellite communications are addressed. Basic geostationary and non-geostationary satellite constellations are considered. The narrowband and wideband characterization of the mobile satellite channel and related ...

Erich Lutz

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Science satellites scour skies for Santa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

satellites scour skies for Santa Science satellites scour skies for Santa Beginning at 6 a.m. Monday, Dec. 24, scientists will use two advanced science satellites to mark the...

270

Forecasting the demand for commercial telecommunications satellites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the key elements of a forecast methodology for predicting demand for commercial satellite services and the resulting demand for satellite hardware and launches. The paper discusses the characterization of satellite services into more than a dozen applications (including emerging satellite Internet applications) used by Futron Corporation in its forecasts. The paper discusses the relationship between demand for satellite services and demand for satellite hardware

Carissa Bryce Christensen; Carie A. Mullins; Linda A. Williams

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Autonomous detection, navigation, and propulsion for satellites.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??With the increasing number of satellites and space debris in all orbits the need for individual satellites to be able to autonomously detect and determine (more)

Badger, Stanley

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

IKONOS Stereo Satellite Imagery | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2013 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for IKONOS Stereo Satellite Imagery Citation Satellite Imaging Corperation....

273

Sampling Characteristics of Satellite Orbits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The irregular space-time sampling of any finite region by an orbiting satellite raises difficult questions as to which frequencies and wavenumbers can be determined and which will alias into others. Conventional sampling theorems must be extended ...

Carl Wunsch

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Don Atwood Alaska Satellite Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Don Atwood Using SAR in a GIS 1 Don Atwood Alaska Satellite Facility Don Atwood Using SAR in a GIS 2 Optical systems which are angle- based. Optics project points on ground to...

275

V-163: Red Hat Network Satellite Server Inter-Satellite Sync Remote  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3: Red Hat Network Satellite Server Inter-Satellite Sync Remote 3: Red Hat Network Satellite Server Inter-Satellite Sync Remote Authentication Bypass V-163: Red Hat Network Satellite Server Inter-Satellite Sync Remote Authentication Bypass May 24, 2013 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability was reported in Red Hat Network Satellite Server PLATFORM: Red Hat Network Satellite (v. 5.3 for RHEL 5) Red Hat Network Satellite (v. 5.4 for RHEL 5) Red Hat Network Satellite (v. 5.4 for RHEL 6) Red Hat Network Satellite (v. 5.5 for RHEL 5) Red Hat Network Satellite (v. 5.5 for RHEL 6) ABSTRACT: The system does not properly validate all Inter-Satellite Sync operations REFERENCE LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1028587 RHSA-2013:0848-1 CVE-2013-2056 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium DISCUSSION: It was discovered that Red Hat Network Satellite did not fully check the

276

Cumulus Geometry from Satellite and Surface Data at the ARM TWP Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cumulus Geometry from Satellite and Surface Data Cumulus Geometry from Satellite and Surface Data at the ARM TWP Site E. I. Kassianov, T. P. Ackerman, and R. T. Marchand Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Introduction The multi-angle imaging spectrometer (MISR), a sensor on board the earth observing system (EOS) Terra satellite platform, observes reflected radiation in nine directions with high resolution (~0.275 km). The overall mission of the MISR is to provide continuous, global multi-angle measurements of the reflected radiation from the earth's atmosphere and surface, and thereby create a valuable resource for studying their physical properties (Diner et al. 1999). For single-layer marine cumulus clouds, we have demonstrated that satellite-derived basic statistics (mean, variance) of vertical cloud size match closely

277

Search for Dark Matter Satellites Using the FERMI-LAT  

SciTech Connect

Numerical simulations based on the {Lambda}CDM model of cosmology predict a large number of as yet unobserved Galactic dark matter satellites. We report the results of a Large Area Telescope (LAT) search for these satellites via the {gamma}-ray emission expected from the annihilation of weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP) dark matter. Some dark matter satellites are expected to have hard {gamma}-ray spectra, finite angular extents, and a lack of counterparts at other wavelengths. We sought to identify LAT sources with these characteristics, focusing on {gamma}-ray spectra consistent with WIMP annihilation through the b{bar b} channel. We found no viable dark matter satellite candidates using one year of data, and we present a framework for interpreting this result in the context of numerical simulations to constrain the velocity-averaged annihilation cross section for a conventional 100 GeV WIMP annihilating through the b{bar b} channel.

Ackermann, M.; /DESY; Albert, A.; /Ohio State U.; Baldini, L.; /INFN, Pisa; Ballet, J.; /DAPNIA, Saclay; Barbiellini, G.; /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U.; Bastieri, D.; /INFN, Padua /Padua U.; Bechtol, K.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Bellazzini, R.; /INFN, Pisa; Blandford, R.D.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Bloom, E.D.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SLAC; Bonamente, E.; /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U.; Borgland, A.W.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Bottacini, E.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Brandt, T.J.; /IRAP, Toulouse /Toulouse III U.; Bregeon, J.; /INFN, Pisa; Brigida, M.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Bruel, P.; /Ecole Polytechnique; Buehler, R.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Burnett, T.H.; /Washington U., Seattle; Caliandro, G.A.; /ICE, Bellaterra; Cameron, R.A.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /IASF, Milan /IASF, Milan /DAPNIA, Saclay /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /ASDC, Frascati /Perugia U. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Montpellier U. /Stockholm U. /Stockholm U., OKC /ASDC, Frascati /Bari U. /INFN, Bari /Naval Research Lab, Wash., D.C. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Montpellier U. /Bari U. /INFN, Bari /Ecole Polytechnique /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Hiroshima U. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Bari U. /INFN, Bari /INFN, Bari /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /Bari U. /INFN, Bari /Bari U. /INFN, Bari /Bologna Observ. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; /more authors..

2012-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

278

File:NREL-afg-10km-dir.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

afg-10km-dir.pdf afg-10km-dir.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Afghanistan - Annual Direct Normal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 472 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Afghanistan - Annual Direct Normal Solar Radiation Description Afghanistan - Annual Direct Normal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-CSP, Solar-10km Creation Date 2007-06-01 Extent International Countries Afghanistan UN Region Southern Asia File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 15:47, 14 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 15:47, 14 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (472 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

279

KM3NeT:a large underwater neutrino telescope in the Mediterranean Sea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High energy neutrinos produced in astrophysical processes will allow for a new way of studying the universe. In order to detect the expected flux of high energy neutrinos from specific astrophysical sources, neutrino telescopes of a scale of a km^3 of water will be needed. A Northern Hemisphere detector is being proposed to be sited in a deep area of the Mediterranean Sea. This detector will provide complimentary sky coverage to the IceCube detector being built at the South Pole. The three neutrino telescope projects in the Mediterranean (ANTARES, NEMO and NESTOR) are partners in an effort to design, and build such a km^3 size neutrino telescope, the KM3NeT. The EU is funding a 3-year Design Study; the status of the Design Study is presented and some technical issues are discussed.

P. A. Rapidis; for the KM3NeT consortium

2008-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

280

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

22 22 Varnish cache server Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km resolution for Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "km satellite modeled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

The Impact of Satellite Soundings on the Numerical Forecasts of the Israel Meteorological Service  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experiments with the numerical models of the Israel Meteorological Service show that the impact of satellite soundings can be substantial but depends on how the soundings are used by the models. The quasi-optimum use of satellite data in defining ...

A. Thomasell Jr.; A. Gruber; H. Brodrick; N. Wolfson; Z. Alperson

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

A Baroclinic Tide in the Eastern North Pacific Determined from 1000-km Acoustic Transmissions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the summer of 1989 a 1000-km acoustic experiment in the eastern North Pacific showed a semidiurnal variation in pulse travel time that was coherent in depth and varied systematically across time fronts. The effect of a single-plane wave, ...

Charles Bracher; Stanley M. Flatt

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Basin-Scale Tomography: Synoptic Measurements of a 4000-km Length Section in the Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pulse-like acoustic transmissions (133 Hz, 60 ms resolution), between a bottom-mounted source near Oahu and a bottom-mounted receiver at about 4000 km range near the coast of Northern California, are recorded during a 5-day interval in 1983 and a ...

John L. Spiesberger; Paul J. Bushong; Kurt Metzger; Theodore G. Birdsall

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Km3NeT, a Deep Sea Challenge for Neutrino Astronomy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The groups presently pursuing neutrino telescope projects in the Mediterranean Sea; ANTARES, NEMO, and NESTOR, have formed the new KM3NeT consortium to study the construction of a cubic kilometre-scale neutrino telescope for the Northern hemisphere. ...

Ciro Bigongiari

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Lunar Tidal Winds Measured in the Upper Atmosphere (78105 km) at Saskatoon, Canada  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Six years of winds data measured by the partial reflection drifts technique have been analyzed for lunar tides. Data are available at 3 km intervals of height and are separately analyzed in two year datasets to cheek consistency. A month-by-month ...

R. J. Stening; C. E. Meek; A. H. Manson

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Mesoscale (50100 km) Circulations Revealed by Inverse and Classical Analysis of the JASIN Hydrographic Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inverse analysis (Wunsch, 1978) has been applied to two 10-day surveys of an area 15 km consisting of nearly 100 CTD stations, in order to determine the velocity field with a horizontal resolution of 45 km.

R. T. Pollard

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Modeling Carbon Sequestration over the Large-Scale Amazon Basin, Aided by Satellite Observations. Part I: Wet- and Dry-Season Surface Radiation Budget Flux and Precipitation Variability Based on GOES Retrievals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this first part of a two-part investigation, large-scale Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) analyses over the Amaznia region have been carried out for March and October of 1999 to provide detailed information on surface ...

Jiujing Gu; Eric A. Smith; Harry J. Cooper; Andrew Grose; Guosheng Liu; James D. Merritt; Maarten J. Waterloo; Alessandro C. de Arajo; Antonio D. Nobre; Antonio O. Manzi; Jose Marengo; Paulo J. de Oliveira; Celso von Randow; John Norman; Pedro Silva Dias

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Simulations of Precipitation Using NRCM and Comparisons with Satellite Observations and CAM: Annual Cycle  

SciTech Connect

The accurate representation of rainfall in models of global climate has been a challenging task for climate modelers owing to its small space and time scales. Quantifying this variability is important for comparing simulations of atmospheric behavior with real time observations. In this regard, this paper compares both the statistical and dynamically forced aspects of precipitation variability simulated by the high-resolution (36 km) Nested Regional Climate Model (NRCM), with satellite observations from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) 3B42 dataset and simulations from the Community Atmosphere Model (CAM) at T85 spatial resolution. Six years of rainfall rate data (2000-2005) from within the Tropics (30"S-30"N) have been used in the analysis and results are presented in terms of long-term mean rain rates, amplitude and phase of the annual cycle and seasonal mean maps of precipitation. Our primary focus is on characterizing the annual cycle of rainfall over four land regions of the Tropics namely, the Indian Monsoon, the Amazon, Tropical Africa and the North American monsoon. The lower tropospheric circulation patterns are analyzed in both the observations and the models to identify possible causes for biases in the simulated precipitation. The 6-year mean precipitation simulated by both models show substantial biases throughout the global Tropics with NRCM/CAM systematically underestimating/overestimating rainfall almost everywhere. The seasonal march of rainfall across the equator, following the motion of the sun, is clearly seen in the harmonic vector maps. The timing of peak rainfall (phase) produced by NRCM is in closer agreement with the observations compared to CAM. However like the longtime mean, the magnitude of seasonal mean rainfall is greatly underestimated by NRCM throughout the Tropical land mass. Some of these regional biases can be attributed to erroneous circulation and moisture surpluses/deficits in the lower troposphere in both models. Overall, the results seem to indicate that employing a higher spatial resolution (36 km) does not significantly improve simulation of precipitation. We speculate that a combination of several physics parameterizations and lack of model tuning gives rise to the observed differences between NRCM and the observations.

Murthi, Aditya; Bowman, Kenneth P.; Leung, Lai-Yung R.

2011-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

289

Producing Satellite-Derived Irradiances in Complex Arid Terrain | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Producing Satellite-Derived Irradiances in Complex Arid Terrain Producing Satellite-Derived Irradiances in Complex Arid Terrain Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): This paper describes a methodology to correct satellite-derived irradiances over complex terrain. The correction applies to satellite models using visible images from geostationary satellites. (Purpose): Solar model documentation Source SUNY Albany Date Released June 26th, 2003 (11 years ago) Date Updated August 29th, 2003 (11 years ago) Keywords methodology solar SWERA UNEP validation Data application/pdf icon Download Report (pdf, 690.1 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 1999 - 2002 License License Other or unspecified, see optional comment below Comment Please cite publication as follows: Perez, R., Ineichen, P., Moore, K., Kmiecik, M., Renné, D., and George, R. 2002.Producing Satellite-Derived Irradiances in Complex Arid Terrain. ASES 2003, Austin TX and submitted for publication in Solar Energy

290

Remote sounding of the mixing ratio of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere from a satellite  

SciTech Connect

Carbon dioxide is the most important atmospheric constituent contributing to the greenhouse effect in the earth-atmosphere system. Here, a method is presented for the remote sounding of the mixing ratio of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere from a satellite, including the inversion method and preliminary calculation results. The results indicate that the measurement accuracy of the mixing ratio of carbon dioxide in 0.25 ppm, calculated according to volume, in ground field of view of 1,127 x 1,162 km[sup 2] for an instrument such as the HIRS-2 on the US National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration meteorological satellite.

Zhaoxian Zhang (Shangai Inst. of Technical Physics (China))

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Intelligent Satellite Teams Space Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the development of Intelligent Satellite Teams (IST's) for complex space missions such as construction of space hardware, or Earth or space science. IST's are composed of many nanosatellites (mass control including formation flying, collision avoidance, knowledge sharing, and adaptive reconfiguration; microtechnology including microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), microfabricated sensors and actuators, nanotechnology, and integrated wireless communication; mission analysis -- high-level planning and control of mission, satellites, and procedures. Recent rapid technological advances in these fields open up exciting new possibilities for future space missions: space science missions such as testing gravitational variation, detecting and characterizing near-Earth asteroids and comets, and comprehensive exploration of the solar system; Earth science missions ...

Mark E. Campbell; Karl F. Bhringer

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Constraints on the Repetitivity of the Orbit of an Altimetric Satellite: Estimation of the Cross-Track Slope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effect of a poorly constrained repetitivity of the orbit of an altimetric satellite is analyzed. From existing data, 35% of the marine geoid slopes are found to excess 1.5 cm km?1. This may be due either to short-distance-scale features (...

J-F. Minster; F. Rmy; E. Normant

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Estimating Watershed Evapotranspiration with PASS. Part I: Inferring Root-Zone Moisture Conditions Using Satellite Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model framework for parameterized subgrid-scale surface fluxes (PASS) has been modified and applied as PASS1 to use satellite data, models, and limited surface observations to infer root-zone available moisture (RAM) content with high spatial ...

J. Song; M. L. Wesely; R. L. Coulter; E. A. Brandes

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

V-163: Red Hat Network Satellite Server Inter-Satellite Sync...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Satellite server that could be reached, even if Inter-Satellite Sync support was disabled. IMPACT: A remote user can bypass authentication to gain access to all channel...

295

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

601 601 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142256601 Varnish cache server Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km resolution for Ethiopia from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for Ethiopia for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country.

296

Solar: monthly and annual average latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands from NREL Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for flat-plate collectors tilted at latitude, for Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented due south at an angle from horizontal equal to the latitude of the collector location. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The

297

Electronics for Satellite Experiments  

SciTech Connect

The tracking detector for the LAT science instrument on the GLAST mission is an example of a large-scale particle detection system built primarily by particle physicists for space flight within the context of a NASA program. The design and fabrication model in most ways reflected practice and experience from particle physics, but the quality assurance aspects were guided by NASA. Similarly, most of the electronics in the LAT as a whole were designed and built by staff at a particle physics lab. This paper reports on many of the challenges and lessons learned in the experience of designing and building the tracking detector and general LAT electronics for use in the NASA GLAST mission.

Johnson, Robert P.; /UC, Santa Cruz

2006-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

298

The Sound Emission Board of the KM3NeT Acoustic Positioning System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the sound emission board proposed for installation in the acoustic positioning system of the future KM3NeT underwater neutrino telescope. The KM3NeT European consortium aims to build a multi-cubic kilometre underwater neutrino telescope in the deep Mediterranean Sea. In this kind of telescope the mechanical structures holding the optical sensors, which detect the Cherenkov radiation produced by muons emanating from neutrino interactions, are not completely rigid and can move up to dozens of meters in undersea currents. Knowledge of the position of the optical sensors to an accuracy of about 10 cm is needed for adequate muon track reconstruction. A positioning system based on the acoustic triangulation of sound transit time differences between fixed seabed emitters and receiving hydrophones attached to the kilometre-scale vertical flexible structures carrying the optical sensors is being developed. In this paper, we describe the sound emission board developed in the framework of KM3NeT project, whi...

Llorens, C D; Sogorb, T; Bou--Cabo, M; Martnez-Mora, J A; Larosa, G; Adrin-Martnez, S

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Kinetics of fuel particle weathering and {sup 90}Sr mobility in the Chernobyl 30-km exclusion zone  

SciTech Connect

Weathering of fuel particles and the subsequent leaching of radionuclides causes {sup 90}Sr mobility in Chernobyl soils to increase with time after disposition. Studies of {sup 90}Sr speciation in soils collected in 1995 and 1996 from the Chernobyl 30-km exclusion zone have been used to calculate rates of fuel particles dissolution under natural environmental conditions. Results show that the velocity of fuel particle dissolution is primarily dependent on the physico-chemical characteristics of the particles and partially dependent on soil acidity. Compared to other areas, the fuel particle dissolution rate is significantly lower in the contaminated areas to the west of the Chernobyl reactor where deposited particles were presumably not oxidized prior to release. The data have been used to derive mathematical models that describe the rate of radionuclide leaching from fuel particles in the exclusion zone and changes in soil-to-plant transfer as a function of particle type and soil pH.

Kashparov, V.A.; Zvarich, S.I.; Protsak, V.P.; Levchuk, S.E. [Ukrainian Inst. of Agricultural Radiology, Kiev (Ukraine); Oughton, D.H. [NLH, Aas (Norway). Lab. for Analytical Chemistry

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Estimating solar irradiance using a geostationary satellite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

altitude, solar zenith/azimuth, earth -sun radius into RAM1.1.1 Solar Spectrum and the Atmosphere The suns radiationthe solar position and satellite position the sun-satellite

Urquhart, Bryan Glenn

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "km satellite modeled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Satellite Microwave Surface Observations in Tropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sea surface estimates of local winds, waves, and rain-rate conditions are crucial to complement infrared/visible satellite images in estimating the strength of tropical cyclones (TCs). Satellite measurements at microwave frequencies are thus key ...

Yves Quilfen; Bertrand Chapron; Jean Tournadre

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Antarctic Satellite Meteorology: Applications for Weather Forecasting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For over 30 years, weather forecasting for the Antarctic continent and adjacent Southern Ocean has relied on weather satellites. Significant advancements in forecasting skill have come via the weather satellite. The advent of the high-resolution ...

Matthew A. Lazzara; Linda M. Keller; Charles R. Stearns; Jonathan E. Thom; George A. Weidner

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

22nd Conference on Hydrology A Satellite View of Global Water and Energy Cycling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water and Energy Cycling (2008 - 88Annual_22hydro) 2/6/2008http://ams.confex.com/ams/88Annual22nd Conference on Hydrology 8.1 A Satellite View of Global Water and Energy Cycling Paul R. Houser in modeling capability, satellite observations have great potential to make huge advances in water and energy

Houser, Paul R.

304

Modeling Surface Solar Radiation: Model Formulation and Validation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model for computing global solar radiation at the surface was formulated for use with satellite observations. A compromise in the approach was necessary, whereby the model accuracy and the inherent limitations of satellite observations were ...

R. T. Pinker; J. A. Ewing

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Future risks of satellite-based tracking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study finds out if in the future, some special risks concerning satellite-based tracking and navigation occur. To find out possible future risks, future research methods such as scenarios were being used. Forecasting the future is impossible, but ... Keywords: future research, risk management, satellite-base tracking, satellite-based navigation, tracking

Miikka Ohisalo; Otto Tiuri; Tatu Urpila; Jyri Rajamki

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Reconfigurable communications satellite: SoftSAT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is generally impossible to exchange, repair, or upgrade onboard equipment in orbit, and communications satellites are designed for fifteen or more years of life. Consequently, orbiting communications satellites cannot follow unforeseen changes in ... Keywords: OSI layers, formation flying, inter-satellite links, onboard switching, reconfigurable, regenerative repeater

Nozomu Nishinaga; Yasuo Ogawa; Yoshihisa Takayama; Takashi Takahashi; Toshihiro Kubooka; Hiroaki Umehara

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Multi-spectral band selection for satellite-based systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The design of satellite based multispectral imaging systems requires the consideration of a number of tradeoffs between cost and performance. The authors have recently been involved in the design and evaluation of a satellite based multispectral sensor operating from the visible through the long wavelength IR. The criteria that led to some of the proposed designs and the modeling used to evaluate and fine tune the designs will both be discussed. These criteria emphasized the use of bands for surface temperature retrieval and the correction of atmospheric effects. The impact of cost estimate changes on the final design will also be discussed.

Clodius, W.B.; Weber, P.G.; Borel, C.C.; Smith, B.W.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Quantum key distribution over 25 km with an all-fiber continuous-variable system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the implementation of a reverse-reconciliated coherent-state continuous-variable quantum key distribution system, with which we generated secret keys at a rate of more than 2 kb/s over 25 km of optical fiber. Time multiplexing is used to transmit both the signal and phase reference in the same optical fiber. Our system includes all experimental aspects required for a field implementation of a quantum key distribution setup. Real-time reverse reconciliation is achieved by using fast and efficient LDPC error correcting codes.

Jerome Lodewyck; Matthieu Bloch; Raul Garcia-Patron; Simon Fossier; Evgueni Karpov; Eleni Diamanti; Thierry Debuisschert; Nicolas J. Cerf; Rosa Tualle-Brouri; Steven W. McLaughlin; Philippe Grangier

2007-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

309

DARK SATELLITES AND THE MORPHOLOGY OF DWARF GALAXIES  

SciTech Connect

One of the strongest predictions of the {Lambda}CDM cosmological model is the presence of dark satellites orbiting all types of galaxies. We focus here on the dynamical effects of such satellites on disky dwarf galaxies, and demonstrate that these encounters can be dramatic. Although mergers with M{sub sat} > M{sub d} are not very common, because of the lower baryonic content they occur much more frequently on the dwarf scale than for L{sub *} galaxies. As an example, we present a numerical simulation of a 20% (virial) mass ratio merger between a dark satellite and a disky dwarf (akin to the Fornax dwarf galaxy in luminosity) that shows that the merger remnant has a spheroidal morphology. Perturbations by dark satellites thus provide a plausible path for the formation of dSph systems. The transition from disky to the often amorphous, irregular, or spheroidal morphologies of dwarfs could be a natural consequence of the dynamical heating of hitherto unobservable dark satellites.

Helmi, Amina; Starkenburg, E.; Starkenburg, T. K.; Vera-Ciro, C. A. [Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, P.O. Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen (Netherlands); Sales, L. V. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, D-85748 Garching (Germany); De Lucia, G. [INAF-Astronomical Observatory of Trieste, via G.B. Tiepolo 11, I-34143 Trieste (Italy); Li, Y.-S., E-mail: ahelmi@astro.rug.nl [Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

310

Geospatial Visualization of Global Satellite Images with Vis-EROS  

SciTech Connect

The Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center of U.S. Geological Survey is currently managing and maintaining the world largest satellite images distribution system, which provides 24/7 free download service for researchers all over the globe in many areas such as Geology, Hydrology, Climate Modeling, and Earth Sciences. A large amount of geospatial data contained in satellite images maintained by EROS is generated every day. However, this data is not well utilized due to the lack of efficient data visualization tools. This software implements a method for visualizing various characteristics of the global satellite image download requests. More specifically, Keyhole Markup Language (KML) files are generated which can be loaded into an earth browser such as Google Earth. Colored rectangles associated with stored satellite scenes are painted onto the earth browser; and the color and opacity of each rectangle is varied as a function of the popularity of the corresponding satellite image. An analysis of the geospatial information obtained relative to specified time constraints provides an ability to relate image download requests to environmental, political, and social events.

Standart, G. D.; Stulken, K. R.; Zhang, Xuesong; Zong, Ziliang

2011-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

311

Determination of Effective Emittance and a Radiatively Equivalent Microphysical Model of Cirrus from Ground-Based and Satellite Observations during the International Cirrus Experiment: The 18 October 1989 Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ground-based observations and satellite data have been compared for the 18 October 1989 case study of the International Cirrus Experiment (ICE) field campaign. They correspond to thin cirrus clouds with infrared emittances in the range 00.3. ...

G. Brogniez; J. C. Buriez; V. Giraud; F. Parol; C. Vanbauce

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Self modelling knowledge networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

What the scope of knowledge management (KM) is concerned, the focus of attention is shifting towards inter-organisational aspects resulting in new requirements for the KM process. This paper introduces the concept of self modelling knowledge networks ...

Volker Derballa; Antonia Albani

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Wind: wind power density maps at 50m above ground and 1km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

924 924 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142257924 Varnish cache server Wind: wind power density maps at 50m above ground and 1km resolution for Central America from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): 50 m wind power density (W/m2) maps of Central America. (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential within the following countries in Central America: Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. Source NREL Date Released June 30th, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Central America GIS maps NREL SWERA UNEP wind Data application/zip icon Download Maps (zip, 2.2 MiB) Quality Metrics

314

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia from DLR Ethiopia from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for Ethiopia for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the documentation file for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR Ethiopia GEF GHI GIS solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 2.8 MiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 5.6 MiB)

315

Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7018 7018 Varnish cache server Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km resolution for Ghana from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Raster GIS data, exported as BIL file, 50 m wind power density for Ghana. Note: BIL files can be converted to raster data in ArcInfo using the IMAGEGRID command. (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential in Ghana. Values range from 0 to 620 meters. (Supplemental Information):***** Spatial Reference Information (Beg) *****Projection ParametersCoordinate System:Projection Transverse MercatorZunits W/m2Units MetersSpheroid: WGS84ParametersScale factor at central meridian: 1.0000Longitude of central meridian: -1 0 0.0Latitude of origin: 8 0 0.0False easting: 0False northing: 0Spatial InformationRaster:Number of Columns:

316

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal from DLR Nepal from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for Nepal for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR GEF GHI GIS Nepal solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 593.8 KiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 1.2 MiB)

317

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka from DLR Sri Lanka from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for Sri Lanka for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR GHI GIS solar Sri Lanka SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 296.1 KiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 153.7 KiB)

318

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China from DLR China from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for China for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords China CRED CREIA DLR DNI GEF GIS solar SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 8.8 MiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 4.4 MiB)

319

Solar: monthly global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bangladesh from DLR Bangladesh from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for Bangladesh for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Bangladesh DLR GEF GHI GIS solar SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 916.5 KiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 479.3 KiB)

320

File:NREL-afg-10km-tilt.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

tilt.pdf tilt.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Afghanistan - Annual Flat Plate Tilted at Latitude Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 468 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Afghanistan - Annual Flat Plate Tilted at Latitude Description Afghanistan - Annual Flat Plate Tilted at Latitude Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-PV, Solar-10km Creation Date 2007-06-01 Extent International Countries Afghanistan UN Region Southern Asia File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 15:30, 14 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 15:30, 14 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (468 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "km satellite modeled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

File:NREL-afg-10km-glo.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

glo.pdf glo.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Afghanistan - Annual Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 469 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Afghanistan - Annual Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Description Afghanistan - Annual Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-GHI, Solar-10km Creation Date 2007-06-01 Extent International Countries Afghanistan UN Region Southern Asia File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 15:30, 14 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 15:30, 14 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (469 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

322

Solar: monthly direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for for Bangladesh from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for Bangladesh for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Bangladesh DLR DNI GEF solar SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 915.2 KiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 488 KiB)

323

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya from DLR Kenya from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for Kenya for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI GEF GIS Kenya solar SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 2.5 MiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 1.3 MiB)

324

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from DLR Ghana from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for Ghana for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI Ghana solar SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 1 MiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 519.6 KiB)

325

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

West China from DLR West China from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for China for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords China CRED CREIA DLR GHI GIS solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 4.4 MiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 8.9 MiB)

326

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from DLR Ghana from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for Ghana for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the documentation file for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR Ghana GHI GIS solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 504 KiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 1 MiB)

327

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal from DLR Nepal from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for Nepal for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI GIS Nepal solar SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 1.2 MiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 600.4 KiB)

328

Sensitivity of an underwater Cerenkov km3 telescope to TeV neutrinos from Galactic Microquasars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper are presented the results of Monte Carlo simulations on the capability of the proposed NEMO-km$^3$ telescope to detect TeV muon neutrinos from Galactic microquasars. For each known microquasar we compute the number of detectable events, together with the atmospheric neutrino and muon background events. We also discuss the detector sensitivity to neutrino fluxes expected from known microquasars, optimizing the event selection also to reject the background; the number of events surviving the event selection are given. The best candidates are the steady microquasars SS433 and GX339-4 for which we estimate a sensitivity of about $5\\cdot10^{-11}$ erg/cm$^2$ s; the predicted fluxes are expected to be well above this sensitivity. For bursting microquasars the most interesting candidates are Cygnus X-3, GRO J1655-40 and XTE J1118+480: their analyses are more complicated because of the stochastic nature of the bursts.

C. Distefano; the NEMO Collaboration

2006-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

329

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka from DLR Sri Lanka from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for Sri Lanka for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI GEF GIS solar Sri Lanka SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 155.1 KiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 295.7 KiB)

330

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya from DLR Kenya from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for Kenya for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the documentation file for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR GEF GHI GIS Kenya NREL solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 1.3 MiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 2.5 MiB)

331

A Search for sub-km KBOs with the Method of Serendipitous Stellar Occultations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The results of a search for sub-km Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs) with the method of serendipitous stellar occultations are reported. Photometric time series were obtained on the 1.8m telescope at the Dominion Astrophysical Observatory (DAO) in Victoria, BC, and were analyzed for the presence of occultation events. Observations were performed at 40 Hz and included a total of 5.0 star-hours for target stars in the ecliptic open cluster M35 (beta=0.9deg), and 2.1 star-hours for control stars in the off-ecliptic open cluster M34 (beta=25.7deg). To evaluate the recovery fraction of the analysis method, and thereby determine the limiting detectable size, artificial occultation events were added to simulated time series (1/f scintillation-like power-spectra), and to the real data. No viable candidate occultation events were detected. This limits the cumulative surface density of KBOs to 3.5e10 deg^{-2} (95% confidence) for KBOs brighter than m_R=35.3 (larger than ~860m in diameter, assuming a geometric albedo of 0.04 and a distance of 40 AU). An evaluation of TNO occultations reported in the literature suggests that they are unlikely to be genuine, and an overall 95%-confidence upper limit on the surface density of 2.8e9 deg^{-2} is obtained for KBOs brighter than m_R=35 (larger than ~1 km in diameter, assuming a geometric albedo of 0.04 and a distance of 40 AU) when all existing surveys are combined.

S. J. Bickerton; J. J. Kavelaars; D. L. Welch

2008-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

332

The properties of satellite galaxies in simulations of galaxy formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the properties of satellite galaxies in cosmological N-body/SPH simulations of galaxy formation in Milky Way-sized haloes. Because of their shallow potential wells, satellite galaxies are very sensitive to heating processes which affect their gas content. Their properties can therefore be used to constrain the nature of feedback processes that regulate galaxy formation. In our simulations, we assume that all the energy produced by supernovae is used as kinetic energy to drive galactic winds. Several of our simulations produce bright, disc-dominated galaxies. We find that wind models in which the wind speed, v_w, is proportional to local velocity dispersion of dark matter, sigma, (and thus the wind mass-loading, eta_w \\propto sigma^{-2}) have episodic star formation histories, reproduce the observed satellite luminosity function quite well (down to M_v=-7) and match the luminosity-metallicity relation observed in the Local Group satellites. By contrast, models that assume a constant wind speed o...

Okamoto, Takashi; Jenkins, Adrian; Theuns, Tom

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

An Inverse Method for Tracking Ice Motion in the Marginal Ice Zone Using Sequential Satellite Images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method for tracking ice motion and estimating ocean surface currents from sequential satellite images is presented. It is particularly suited for the marginal ice zone. A simple ice advection model, driven by wind and surface currents, is ...

Mark Buehner; Keith R. Thompson; Ingrid Peterson

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Evaluation of a Surface/Vegetation Parameterization Using Satellite Measurements of Surface Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper compares surface sensible heat flux and soil moisture values derived by inverting two boundary layers models with a surface/vegetation formulation, using surface temperature measurements made from NOAA-7 satellite (the AVHRR) with ...

O. Taconet; T. Carlson; R. Bernard; D. Vidal-Madjar

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

A Method to Estimate Three-Dimensional Thermal Structure from Satellite Altimetry Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new empirical method to estimate mesoscale three-dimensional oceanic thermal structures from near-real-time satellite altimetry data is presented. The method uses a two-layer model with a novel set of empirical parameters for stratification. ...

Akiko Takano; Hidekatsu Yamazaki; Takeyoshi Nagai; Osamu Honda

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Fault detection in reaction wheel of a satellite using observer-based dynamic neural networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a methodology for the actuator fault detection in the satellite's attitude control system (ACS) by using a dynamic neural network based observer. In this methodology, a neural network is used to model a nonlinear dynamical system. ...

Zhongqi Li; Liying Ma; Khashayar Khorasani

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Assessing the Impact of Different Satellite Retrieval Methods on Forecast Available Potential Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The isentropic form for available potential energy (APE) is used to analyze the impact of the inclusion of satellite temperature retrieval data on forecasts made with the NASA Goddard Laboratory for Atmospheres (GLA) fourth order model. Two ...

Linda M. Whittaker; Lyle H. Horn

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Using NWP Simulations in Satellite Rainfall Estimation of Heavy Precipitation Events over Mountainous Areas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study we investigate the use of high-resolution simulations from the Weather Research and Forecasting atmospheric model (WRF) for evaluating satellite-rainfall biases of flood-inducing storms in mountainous areas. A probability matching ...

Xinxuan Zhang; Emmanouil N. Anagnostou; Maria Frediani; Stavros Solomos; George Kallos

339

Atmospheric Latent Heating Distributions in the Tropics Derived from Satellite Passive Microwave Radiometer Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method for the remote sensing of three-dimensional latent heating distributions in precipitating tropical weather systems from satellite passive microwave observations is presented. In this method, cloud model simulated hydrometeor/latent ...

William S. Olson; Christian D. Kummerow; Ye Hong; Wei-Kuo Tao

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

On Eddy Viscosity, Energy Cascades, and the Horizontal Resolution of Gridded Satellite Altimeter Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motivated by the recent interest in ocean energetics, the widespread use of horizontal eddy viscosity in models, and the promise of high horizontal resolution data from the planned wide-swath satellite altimeter, this paper explores the impacts of ...

Brian K. Arbic; Kurt L. Polzin; Robert B. Scott; James G. Richman; Jay F. Shriver

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "km satellite modeled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Retrieval of Land Surface Albedo from Satellite Observations: A Simulation Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Land surface albedo is a critical parameter affecting the earths climate and is required by global and regional climatic modeling and surface energy balance monitoring. Surface albedo retrieved from satellite observations at one atmospheric ...

Shunlin Liang; Alan H. Strahler; Charles Walthall

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

The Impact of Satellite-Derived Atmospheric Motion Vectors on Mesoscale Forecasts over Hawaii  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropospheric motions can be inferred from geostationary satellites by tracking clouds and water vapor in sequential imagery. These atmospheric motion vectors (AMV) have been operationally assimilated into global models for the past three decades, ...

T. Cherubini; S. Businger; C. Velden; R. Ogasawara

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Broken Cloud Biases in Albedo and Surface Insolation Derived from Satellite Imagery Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radiative transfer calculations for a one-dimensional column model of the atmosphere containing a plane-parallel, homogeneous cloud are used to show that the common procedure of assuming that fields of view for high resolution satellite imagers ...

James A. Coakley Jr.; Takahisa Kobayashi

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

A Parameterization for Longwave Surface Radiation from Satellite Data: Recent Improvements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several improvements have been made recently to the parameterization for surface longwave radiation described by Gupta. Model constants have been modified in order to use meteorological data from the International Satellite Cloud Climatology ...

Shashi K. Gupta; Wayne L. Darnell; Anne C. Wilber

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Evaluation of Satellite-Based and Reanalysis Precipitation Data in the Tropical Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global precipitation monitoring is essential for understanding the earths water and energy cycle. Therefore, usage of satellite-based precipitation data is necessary where in situ data are rare. In addition, atmospheric-model-based reanalysis ...

Uwe Pfeifroth; Richard Mueller; Bodo Ahrens

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

The Thermal Wake of Kauai Island: Satellite Observations and Numerical Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Island thermal effects on the trail cloud band over the central North Pacific are investigated for the lee of Hawaii using satellite observations and a regional atmospheric model. The trail cloud band develops around noon and peaks in cloudiness ...

Yang Yang; Shang-Ping Xie; Jan Hafner

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Comparisons of Satellite-Derived Atmospheric Motion Vectors, Rawinsondes, and NOAA Wind Profiler Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geostationary satellite-derived atmospheric motion vectors (AMVs) have been used over several decades in a wide variety of meteorological applications. The ever-increasing horizontal and vertical resolution of numerical weather prediction models ...

Kristopher M. Bedka; Christopher S. Velden; Ralph A. Petersen; Wayne F. Feltz; John R. Mecikalski

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Workshop on Bridging Satellite Climate Data Gaps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Accountability Office (GAO), [1] Office of Inspector ... the program and a restructuring is underway ... 09-564, Polar-Orbiting Environmental Satellites: With ...

2011-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

349

Surface Radiation Budget from ARM Satellite Retrievals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The RTM method uses the satellite-derived cloud products including temperature and humidity profiles along with cloud amount, optical depth, particle size, and altitude. The...

350

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS AND NETWORKING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development and validation of time-series synthesizers of rain attenuation for Ka-band and Q=V-band satellite communication systems

Laurent Castanet; Carlo Riva; Uwe-carsten Fiebig; Max Van De Kamp; Antonio Martellucci

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Test problems for quasi-satellite packing????  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1. Test problems for quasi-satellite packing: Cylinders packing with behavior constraints and all the optimal solutions known. Chao Che. School of Mechanical ...

352

SPARC: New Cloud, Snow, and Cloud Shadow Detection Scheme for Historical 1-km AVHHR Data over Canada  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The identification of clear-sky and cloudy pixels is a key step in the processing of satellite observations. This is equally important for surface and cloudatmosphere applications. In this paper, the Separation of Pixels Using Aggregated Rating ...

Konstantin V. Khlopenkov; Alexander P. Trishchenko

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Normalization and Calibration of Geostationary Satellite Radiances for the international Satellite Cloud Climatology Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Procedures are described for normalizing the radiometric calibration of image radiances obtained from the suite of geostationary weather satellites that contributed data to the international Satellite Cloud Climatology Project. The key step is ...

Yves Desormeaux; William B. Rossow; Christopher L. Brest; G. Garrett Campbell

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

A Search for sub-km KBOs with the Method of Serendipitous Stellar Occultations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The results of a search for sub-km Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs) with the method of serendipitous stellar occultations are reported. Photometric time series were obtained on the 1.8m telescope at the Dominion Astrophysical Observatory (DAO) in Victoria, BC, and were analyzed for the presence of occultation events. Observations were performed at 40 Hz and included a total of 5.0 star-hours for target stars in the ecliptic open cluster M35 (beta=0.9deg), and 2.1 star-hours for control stars in the off-ecliptic open cluster M34 (beta=25.7deg). To evaluate the recovery fraction of the analysis method, and thereby determine the limiting detectable size, artificial occultation events were added to simulated time series (1/f scintillation-like power-spectra), and to the real data. No viable candidate occultation events were detected. This limits the cumulative surface density of KBOs to 3.5e10 deg^{-2} (95% confidence) for KBOs brighter than m_R=35.3 (larger than ~860m in diameter, assuming a geometric albedo of 0.04 a...

Bickerton, S J; Welch, D L

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

A single sub-km Kuiper Belt object from a stellar Occultation in archival data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Kuiper belt is a remnant of the primordial Solar System. Measurements of its size distribution constrain its accretion and collisional history, and the importance of material strength of Kuiper belt objects (KBOs). Small, sub-km sized, KBOs elude direct detection, but the signature of their occultations of background stars should be detectable. Observations at both optical and X-ray wavelengths claim to have detected such occultations, but their implied KBO abundances are inconsistent with each other and far exceed theoretical expectations. Here, we report an analysis of archival data that reveals an occultation by a body with a 500 m radius at a distance of 45 AU. The probability of this event to occur due to random statistical fluctuations within our data set is about 2%. Our survey yields a surface density of KBOs with radii larger than 250 m of 2.1^{+4.8}_{-1.7} x 10^7 deg^{-2}, ruling out inferred surface densities from previous claimed detections by more than 5 sigma. The fact that we detected only ...

Schlichting, H E; Wenz, M; Sari, R; Gal-Yam, A; Livio, M; Nelan, E; Zucker, S

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Practical Point-to-Point Free-Space Quantum Key Distribution over 1/2 KM  

SciTech Connect

We have demonstrated point-to-point single-photon quantum key distribution (QKD) over a free-space optical path of {approximately}475 m under daylight conditions. This represents an increase of >1,000 times farther than any reported point-to-point demonstration, and >6 times farther than the previous folded path daylight demonstration. We expect to extend the daylight range to 2 km or more within the next few months. A brief description of the system is given here. The QKD transmitter, a.k.a. ''Alice'' (Fig. 1), consists of three thermoelectrically cooled diode lasers, a single interference filter (IF), two optical attenuators, two linear polarizers, two non-polarization beam-splitters (BSs), and a 27x beam expander. The two data-lasers' (dim-lasers') wavelengths are temperature controlled and constrained by the IF to {approximately}773 {+-} 0.5 nm, while the transmitted wavelength of the bright-laser (timing-laser) is {approximately}768 nm; the data-lasers are configured to emit a weak pulse of approximately 1 ns duration. The transmitter incorporates no active polarization switching--a first in QKD.

Buttler, W.T.; Hughes, R.J.; Kwiat, P.G.; Lamoreaux, S.K.; Morgan, G.L.; Peterson, C.G.

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Impact of Ice Crystal Roughness on Satellite Retrieved Cloud Properties  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ice Crystal Roughness on Satellite Retrieved Cloud Properties Ice Crystal Roughness on Satellite Retrieved Cloud Properties P. Minnis 1 , P. W. Heck 2 , R. F. Arduini 3 , R. Palikonda 3 , J. K. Ayers 3 , M. M. Khaiyer 3 , P. Yang 4 , Y. Xie 4 3 Science Systems & Applications, Inc. Hampton, VA 1 NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA Current Cirrus Models Inadequate Cirrus cloud optical depths τ (heights z e ) are often over (under) estimated when derived from solar reflectances. In situ data suggest smaller asymmetry factors, g, than used in most retrieval models. Multi-angle measurements point to smoother phase functions than for solid, smooth xtals. Calculations show that solid crystals with roughened facets or embedded bubbles --both observed in real cirrus particles-- yield smoother phase functions & smaller g

358

Evaluating the Cloud Cover Forecast of NCEP Global Forecast System with Satellite Observation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To assess the quality of daily cloud cover forecast generated by the operational global numeric model, the NCEP Global Forecast System (GFS), we compose a large sample with outputs from GFS model and satellite observations from the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) in the period of July 2004 to June 2008, to conduct a quantitative and systematic assessment of the performance of a cloud model that covers a relatively long range of time, basic cloud types, and in a global view. The evaluation has revealed the goodness of the model forecast, which further illustrates our completeness on understanding cloud generation mechanism. To quantity the result, we found a remarkably high correlation between the model forecasts and the satellite observations over the entire globe, with mean forecast error less than 15% in most areas. Considering a forecast within 30% difference to the observation to be a "good" one, we find that the probability for the GFS model to make good forecasts varies between...

Ye, Quanzhi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

1Satellite Surface Areas The NASA Imager for Magnetosphere-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE) satellite was  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that cover the satellite's surface actually face the sun at any given moment? #12;Answer Key 1 Question 1) satellite was launched on March 25, 2000. The instruments and other electrical systems inside the satellite area of the satellite, and how much electrical power can be collected by the satellite. (Hints - http

360

High-Resolution GFS-Based MOS Quantitative Precipitation Forecasts on a 4-km Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Meteorological Development Laboratory (MDL) of the National Weather Service (NWS) has developed high-resolution Global Forecast System (GFS)-based model output statistics (MOS) 6- and 12-h quantitative precipitation forecast (QPF) guidance on ...

Jerome P. Charba; Frederick G. Samplatsky

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "km satellite modeled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Thermal design of the fast-on-orbit recording of transient events (FORTE) satellite  

SciTech Connect

Analytical tools were used to design a thermal control system for the FORTE satellite. An overall spacecraft thermal model was developed to provide boundary temperatures for detailed thermal models of the FORTE instruments. The thermal design will be presented and thermal model results discussed.

Akau, R.L.; Behr, V.L. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Whitaker, R. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

An Accuracy Goal for a Comprehensive Satellite Wind Measuring System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Variational analysis with a geostrophic constraint is used to estimate a critical accuracy for a satellite lidar wind measuring system. This accuracy is such that the combination of satellite winds with satellite temperatures can produce analyses ...

Norman A. Phillips

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

High-Resolution Satellite Imagery for Mesoscale Meteorological Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this article high-resolution satellite imagery from a variety of meteorological and environmental satellites is compared. Digital datasets from Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES), National Oceanic and Atmospheric ...

David B. Johnson; Pierre Flament; Robert L. Bernstein

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Observing geomagnetic induction in magnetic satellite measurements and associated  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observing geomagnetic induction in magnetic satellite measurements and associated implications in the midlatitude satellite passes lower than 50 degrees geomagnetic latitude. At higher latitudes, auroral: Satellite induction. Index Terms: 1515 Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism: Geomagnetic induction; 3914 Mineral

Constable, Steve

365

ARM - Field Campaign - Summer Single Column Model IOP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govCampaignsSummer Single Column Model IOP govCampaignsSummer Single Column Model IOP Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Summer Single Column Model IOP 1997.06.18 - 1997.07.18 Lead Scientist : David Randall Data Availability Actual data files for a number of past SCM IOPs are available from the ARM Archive IOP Server Cloud and Radiation Products Derived from Satellite Data Colorado State's Single Column Modeling Home Page For data sets, see below. Summary During the IOP, 1180 sondes were launched, with 4 missing data due to weather related problems and 24 terminating before 10,000 m (10 km). Description The Summer 1997 SCM IOP was scheduled with the SGP97 Campaign. With additional NASA funding, the IOP was extended so that the total IOP covered

366

Remote Sensing Observations from MTI Satellites and GMS Over Tropical Island of Nauru  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Remote Sensing Observations from MTI Satellites and Remote Sensing Observations from MTI Satellites and GMS Over Tropical Island of Nauru W. M. Porch, P. Chylek, and B. Henderson Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, New Mexico Introduction The observations of island cloud trails have revealed a strong relationship between the character and frequency of occurrence of island cloud trails and the Tropical Ocean Southern Oscillation (MacFarlane et al. 2004 a, b). Island cloud trails from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Atmospheric and Radiation Measurement (ARM) facility of Nauru persist for more than 50 km (Nordeen et al. 2001) and resemble ship trail clouds found in the Eastern Ocean Margins (Porch et al. 1999). Island trail clouds are much more frequently observed during La Niña periods than El Niño periods (Figure 1). This

367

Solar Related Waves in the Venusian Atmosphere from the Cloud Tops to 100 km  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A diagnostic, quasi-linear model has been developed which uses observed solar-related temperatures and a specified zonal mean circulation and thermal structure to find the solar-related circulation above the clouds of Venus. Because there are no ...

Lee S. Elson

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

High-fidelity transmission of polarization encoded qubits from an entangled source over 100 km of fiber  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate non-degenerate down-conversion at 810 and 1550 nm for long-distance fiber based quantum communication using polarization entangled photon pairs. Measurements of the two-photon visibility, without dark count subtraction, have shown that the quantum correlations (raw visibility 89%) allow secure quantum cryptography after 100 km of non-zero dispersion shifted fiber using commercially available single photon detectors. In addition, quantum state tomography has revealed little degradation of state negativity, decreasing from 0.99 at the source to 0.93 after 100 km, indicating minimal loss in fidelity during the transmission.

Hbel, Hannes; Lederer, Thomas; Blauensteiner, Bibiane; Lornser, Thomas; Poppe, Andreas; Zeilinger, Anton

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

High-fidelity transmission of polarization encoded qubits from an entangled source over 100 km of fiber  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate non-degenerate down-conversion at 810 and 1550 nm for long-distance fiber based quantum communication using polarization entangled photon pairs. Measurements of the two-photon visibility, without dark count subtraction, have shown that the quantum correlations (raw visibility 89%) allow secure quantum cryptography after 100 km of non-zero dispersion shifted fiber using commercially available single photon detectors. In addition, quantum state tomography has revealed little degradation of state negativity, decreasing from 0.99 at the source to 0.93 after 100 km, indicating minimal loss in fidelity during the transmission.

Hannes Hbel; Michael R. Vanner; Thomas Lederer; Bibiane Blauensteiner; Thomas Lornser; Andreas Poppe; Anton Zeilinger

2008-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

370

Satellite power system. Concept development and evaluation program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Reference System description emphasizes technical and operational information required in support of environmental, socioeconomic, and comparative assessment studies. Supporting information has been developed according to a guideline of implementing two 5 GW SPS systems per year for 30 years beginning with an initial operational data of 2000 and with SPS's being added at the rate of two per year (10 GW/year) until 2030. The Reference System concept, which features gallium--aluminum--arsenide (GaAlAs) and silicon solar cell options, is described in detail. The concept utilizes a planar solar array (about 55 km/sup 2/) built on a graphite fiber reinforced thermoplastic structure. The silicon array uses a concentration ratio of one (no concentration), whereas the GaAlAs array uses a concentration ratio of two. A one-kilometer diameter phased array microwave antenna is mounted on one end. The antenna uses klystrons as power amplifiers with slotted waveguides as radiating elements. The satellite is constructed in geosynchronous orbit in a six-month period. The ground receiving stations (rectenna) are completed during the same time period. The other two major components of an SPS program are (1) the construction bases in space and launch and mission control bases on earth and (2) fleets of various transportation vehicles that support the construction and maintenance operations of the satellites. These transportation vehicles include Heavy Lift Launch Vehicles (HLLV), Personnel Launch Vehicles (PLV), Cargo Orbit Transfer Vehicles (COTV), and Personnel Orbit Transfer Vehicles (POTV). The earth launch site chosen is the Kennedy Space Center, pending further study.

Not Available

1978-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Globally Gridded Satellite Observations for Climate Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geostationary satellites have provided routine, high temporal resolution Earth observations since the 1970s. Despite the long period of record, use of these data in climate studies has been limited for numerous reasons, among them that no central archive ...

Kenneth R. Knapp; Steve Ansari; Caroline L. Bain; Mark A. Bourassa; Michael J. Dickinson; Chris Funk; Chip N. Helms; Christopher C. Hennon; Christopher D. Holmes; George J. Huffman; James P. Kossin; Hai-Tien Lee; Alexander Loew; Gudrun Magnusdottir

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Air Quality Forecast Verification Using Satellite Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NOAAs operational geostationary satellite retrievals of aerosol optical depths (AODs) were used to verify National Weather Service developmental (research mode) particulate matter (PM2.5) predictions tested during the summer 2004 International ...

S. Kondragunta; P. Lee; J. McQueen; C. Kittaka; A. I. Prados; P. Ciren; I. Laszlo; R. B. Pierce; R. Hoff; J. J. Szykman

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Convective Cloud Climatologies Constructed from Satellite Imagery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Composites of satellite imagery are constructed for various hours and various summer months on Colorado State University's interactive processing system. Simple averages of visible wavelength imagery are considered as well as averages of ...

Marjorie A. Klitch; John F. Weaver; Frank P. Kelly; Thomas H. Vonder Haar

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

A Classification Scheme for Satellite Temperature Retrievals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new approach is presented to the problem of specifying constraints on retrieval estimators used to calculate vertical temperature profiles from satellite measurements of upwelling radiance. An unsupervised classification scheme determines the ...

M. J. Uddstrom; D. Q. Wark

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

An Airborne APT Weather Satellite Imaging System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the development of a novel airborne system that receives a real-time imagery broadcast in the Automatic Picture Transmission (APT) format from polar-orbiting weather satellites. The availability of such real-time imagery ...

James E. Jordan; David L. Marcotte; G. W. K. Moore

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Estimating solar irradiance using a geostationary satellite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

optical thickness. Solar Energy 56(3), 239244. Louche A. ,of Linke turbidity factor. Solar Energy 37, 393396. Mrquezfrom Satellite Images. Solar Energy 56, 207212. BP, 2009.

Urquhart, Bryan Glenn

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Dynamics and control of electromagnetic satellite formations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Satellite formation flying is an enabling technology for many space missions, especially for space-based telescopes. Usually there is a tight formation-keeping requirement that may need constant expenditure of fuel or at ...

Ahsun, Umair, 1972-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Assimilation of Satellite Sea Surface Temperature Retrievals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Workshop on Assimilation of Satellite Sea Surface Temperatures (SST) Retrievals was held on 2426 April 2001 in Camp Springs, Mary-land, at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Science Center. The purpose of the workshop ...

Andrew Harris; Eileen Maturi

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Emerging trends in the satellite industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Risk aversion in the satellite industry has fostered long development cycles and low rates of innovation in the past. Emerging trends in propulsion technology development and spacecraft architecture design could lead to ...

Salazar, Vagn Knudsen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Updated Satellite Technique to Forecast Heavy Snow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Certain satellite interpretation techniques have proven quite useful in the heavy snow forecast process. Those considered best are briefly reviewed, and another technique is introduced. This new technique was found to be most valuable in cyclonic ...

Edward C. Johnston

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "km satellite modeled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

The Formation of Pluto's Low Mass Satellites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motivated by the New Horizons mission, we consider how Pluto's small satellites -- currently P5, Nix, P4, and Hydra -- grow in debris from the giant impact that forms the Pluto-Charon binary or in solid material captured from the protoplanetary debris disk. If the satellites have masses close to their minimum masses, our analysis suggests that capture of material into a circumplanetary or circumbinary debris disk is a viable mechanism for satellite formation. If the satellites are more massive, they probably form in debris from the giant impact. After the impact, Pluto and Charon accrete some of the debris and eject the rest from the binary orbit. During the ejection, high velocity collisions among debris particles produce a collisional cascade, leading to the ejection of some debris from the system and enabling the remaining debris particles to find stable orbits around the binary. Our numerical simulations of viscous diffusion, coagulation, and migration show that collisional evolution within a ring or disk...

Kenyon, Scott J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Monthly Crustal Loading Corrections for Satellite Altimetry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite altimeter measurements of sea surface height include a small contribution from vertical motion of the seafloor caused by crustal loading. Loading by ocean tides is routinely allowed for in altimeter data processing. Here, loading by ...

R. D. Ray; S. B. Luthcke; T. van Dam

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Airborne Laser Altimetry Digital Elevation Model, Barrow Environmental Observatory, 0.5m spatial resolution  

SciTech Connect

The dataset is a digital elevation model, DEM, of a 2km by 7km region in the vicinity of the Barrow Environmental Observatory near Barrow, Ak.

Cathy Wilson; Chandana Gangodagamage; Joel Rowland

2013-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

384

Airborne Laser Altimetry Digital Elevation Model, Barrow Environmental Observatory, 0.5m spatial resolution  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The dataset is a digital elevation model, DEM, of a 2km by 7km region in the vicinity of the Barrow Environmental Observatory near Barrow, Ak.

Cathy Wilson; Chandana Gangodagamage; Joel Rowland

385

Dendroclimatic Reconstruction at km-scale Grid Points: A Case Study from the Great Basin of North America  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Preparing for future hydroclimatic variability greatly benefits from long (i.e., multi-century) records at seasonal to annual time steps that have been gridded at km-scale spatial intervals over a geographic region. Kriging is commonly used for ...

Franco Biondi

386

Experimental Decoy State Quantum Key Distribution Over 15km Los Alamos e-print archive: quant-ph/0503192  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Decoy state protocols have recently been proposed as an innovative approach to improve dramatically the performance of quantum key distribution systems. Here, we present the first experimental demonstration of decoy state quantum key distribution, over 15km of Telecom fibers. 1

Yi Zhao; Bing Qi; Xiongfeng Ma; Hoi-kwong Lo; Li Qian

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

The Summer Wind Field Between 80 and 93 km Observed by the MST Radar at Poker Flat, Alaska (65N)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results of an analysis of the summertime wind field between 8093 km over Poker Flat, Alaska are presented. The data were obtained using the large, but as yet incomplete, MST radar at Poker Flat, and cover the periods 17 June13 July 1979, and 22 ...

D. A. Carter; B. B. Balsley

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Dynamic characterization of satellite components through non-invasive methods  

SciTech Connect

The rapid deployment of satellites is hindered by the need to flight-qualify their components and the resulting mechanical assembly. Conventional methods for qualification testing of satellite components are costly and time consuming. Furthermore, full-scale vehicles must be subjected to launch loads during testing. The harsh testing environment increases the risk of component damage during qualification. The focus of this research effort was to assess the performance of Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) techniques as replacement for traditional vibration testing. SHM techniques were applied on a small-scale structure representative of a responsive satellite. The test structure consisted of an extruded aluminum space-frame covered with aluminum shear plates, which was assembled using bolted joints. Multiple piezoelectric patches were bonded to the test structure and acted as combined actuators and sensors. Various methods of SHM were explored including impedance-based health monitoring, wave propagation, and conventional frequency response functions. Using these methods in conjunction with finite element modeling, the dynamic properties of the test structure were established and areas of potential damage were identified and localized. The adequacy of the results from each SHM method was validated by comparison to results from conventional vibration testing.

Mullens, Joshua G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wiest, Heather K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mascarenas, David D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Park, Gyuhae [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

389

Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China from NREL China from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Raster GIS data, exported as BIL file, 50 m wind power density for eastern China. (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential in eastern China. Values range from 0 to 3079 W/m2. (Supplemental Information): The modeling regions do not completely cover eastern China. Projection Parameters Projection LAMBERT_AZIMUTHAL Datum WGS84 Zunits METERS Units METERS Spheroid DEFINED Major Axis 6370997.00000 Minor Axis 0.00000 Parameters: radius of the sphere of reference 6370997.00000 Continue? longitude of center of projection 119 0 0.00 latitude of center of projection 33 30 0.000 false easting (meters) 0.00000 false northing (meters) 0.00000 Spatial Information Raster: Number of Columns: 2658 Number of Rows: 3926 Pixel

390

Wind: wind power density maps at 50 m above ground and 1km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

eastern China from NREL eastern China from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): PDF maps of Eastern China wind mapping. (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential in eastern China. Includes maps of full mapping region, and 15 sub-regions. (Supplemental Information): The modeling regions do not completely cover eastern China. Projection Parameters Projection LAMBERT_AZIMUTHAL Datum WGS84 Z-units METERS Units METERS Spheroid DEFINED Major Axis 6370997.00000 Minor Axis 0.00000 Parameters: radius of the sphere of reference 6370997.00000 Continue? longitude of center of projection 119 0 0.00 latitude of center of projection 33 30 0.000 false easting (meters) 0.00000 false northing (meters) 0.00000 Spatial Information Raster: Number of Columns: 2658 Number of Rows: 3926

391

Solving the Solar Neutrino Problem 2 km Underground -- the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) is capable of measuring simultaneously the flux of electron-type neutrinos and the total flux of all active flavours of neutrinos originating from the Sun. A model-independent test of neutrino flavour transformation was performed by comparing these two measurements. Assuming an undistorted neutrino energy spectrum, this transformation has been definitively demonstrated in the pure D2O phase of the SNO experiment. In the second phase with dissolved NaCl in the D2O, the total active solar neutrino flux was measured without any assumption on the energy dependence of flavour transformation. In this talk, results from these measurements, their physics implications and the current status of the SNO experiment are presented.

A. W. P. Poon; for the SNO Collaboration

2003-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

392

The relationship between multi-sensor satellite data and Bayesian estimates for skipjack tuna catches in the South Brazil Bight  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study we tested a Bayesian model based on a conjugate gamma/Poisson pair associated with environmental variables derived from satellite data such as sea surface temperature SST and its derived gradient fields from Moderate Resolution Imaging ...

Fabrcio Sanguinetti Cruz de Oliveira; Douglas Francisco Marcolino Gherardi; Jos Luiz Stech

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Employing Satellite-Derived Sea Ice Concentration to Constrain Upper-Ocean Temperature in a Global Ocean GCM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The quality of Southern Ocean sea ice simulations in a global ocean general circulation model (GCM) depends decisively on the simulated upper-ocean temperature. This is confirmed by assimilating satellite-derived sea ice concentration to ...

Achim Stssel

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Mean Dynamic Topography of the Ocean Derived from Satellite and Drifting Buoy Data Using Three Different Techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presented here are three mean dynamic topography maps derived with different methodologies. The first method combines sea level observed by the high-accuracy satellite radar altimetry with the geoid model of the Gravity Recovery and Climate ...

Nikolai Maximenko; Peter Niiler; Luca Centurioni; Marie-Helene Rio; Oleg Melnichenko; Don Chambers; Victor Zlotnicki; Boris Galperin

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

On the Efficacy of Combining Thermal and Microwave Satellite Data as Observational Constraints for Root-Zone Soil Moisture Estimation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data assimilation applications require the development of appropriate mathematical operators to relate model states to satellite observations. Two such observation operators were developed and used to examine the conditions under which ...

Damian J. Barrett; Luigi J. Renzullo

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

A Comparison of Gamma and Lognormal Distributions for Characterizing Satellite Rain Rates from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the spatial characteristics of nonzero rain rates to develop a probability density function (PDF) model of precipitation using rainfall data from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite. The minimum ?2 ...

Hye-Kyung Cho; Kenneth P. Bowman; Gerald R. North

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

The Impact of Assimilating Satellite-Derived Precipitation Rates on Numerical Simulations of the ERICA IOP 4 Cyclone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present study uses a regional-scale numerical model to test the impact of dynamically assimilating, satellite-derived precipitation rates on the numerical simulations of one of the deepest extratropical cyclones to develop south of 40N in ...

John Manobianco; Steven Koch; V. Mohan Karyampudi; Andrew J. Negri

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Evaluation of CMIP3 and CMIP5 Wind Stress Climatology Using Satellite Measurements and Atmospheric Reanalysis Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wind stress measurements from the Quick Scatterometer (QuikSCAT) satellite and two atmospheric reanalysis products are used to evaluate the annual mean and seasonal cycle of wind stress simulated by phases 3 and 5 of the Coupled Model ...

Tong Lee; Duane E. Waliser; Jui-Lin F. Li; Felix W. Landerer; Michelle M. Gierach

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Assessing the technical and financial viability of broadband satellite systems using a cost per T1 minute metric  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A cost per 1.544 Mbps (T1) link per minute metric is developed for systems evaluation of satellite based broadband communications systems. Global market models based on Internet growth and computer penetration are developed. ...

Kelic, Andjelka, 1972-

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Terannual Wave in the Ozone and Temperature in the StratoMesosphere as Deduced from Satellite Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two recent reference atmosphere models for ozone and temperature, which are deduced from satellite data, are employed to detect the existence and the behavior of a terannual wave both in ozone and temperature.

C. Varotsos; N. Dris; D. Asimakopoulos

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "km satellite modeled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

PlumeSat: A Micro-Satellite Based Plume Imagery Collection Experiment  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper describes a technical approach to cost-effectively collect plume imagery of boosting targets using a novel micro-satellite based platform operating in low earth orbit (LEO). The plume collection Micro-satellite or PlueSat for short, will be capable of carrying an array of multi-spectral (UV through LWIR) passive and active (Imaging LADAR) sensors and maneuvering with a lateral divert propulsion system to different observation altitudes (100 to 300 km) and different closing geometries to achieve a range of aspect angles (15 to 60 degrees) in order to simulate a variety of boost phase intercept missions. The PlumeSat will be a cost effective platform to collect boost phase plume imagery from within 1 to 10 km ranges, resulting in 0.1 to 1 meter resolution imagery of a variety of potential target missiles with a goal of demonstrating reliable plume-to-hardbody handover algorithms for future boost phase intercept missions. Once deployed on orbit, the PlumeSat would perform a series phenomenology collection experiments until expends its on-board propellants. The baseline PlumeSat concept is sized to provide from 5 to 7 separate fly by data collects of boosting targets. The total number of data collects will depend on the orbital basing altitude and the accuracy in delivering the boosting target vehicle to the nominal PlumeSat fly-by volume.

Ledebuhr, A.G.; Ng, L.C.

2002-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

402

Solid-state greenhouses and their implications for icy satellites  

SciTech Connect

The 'solid-state greenhouse effect' model constituted by the subsurface solar heating of translucent, high-albedo materials is presently applied to the study of planetary surfaces, with attention to frost and ice surfaces of the solar system's outer satellites. Temperature is computed as a function of depth for an illustrative range of thermal variables, and it is discovered that the surfaces and interiors of such bodies can be warmer than otherwise suspected. Mechanisms are identified through which the modest alteration of surface properties can substantially change the solid-state greenhouse and force an interior temperature adjustment. 34 references.

Matson, D.L.; Brown, R.H.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Void bounds for fluid transport in sea ice K.M. Golden a,*, A.L. Heaton a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cylindrical tubes occupying a volume fraction /, k 6 /hR4 I i 8hR2 I i . ð58? This bound is again optimal the d = 2 void bounds. Consider the steady state flow of a vis- cous fluid through a cylindrical tubeVoid bounds for fluid transport in sea ice K.M. Golden a,*, A.L. Heaton a , H. Eicken b , V

Golden, Kenneth M.

404

Two-windows Ionospheric Drift Measurement at Heights 90150 km During Sporadic E-layer Occurrence Using Digisonde DPS-4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two-windows Ionospheric Drift Measurement at Heights 90­150 km During Sporadic E-layer Occurrence­2.6 MHz) we recorded plasma motion each 15 minutes also in a higher frequency window (3.2­4.7 MHz). Our-measurement on a higher sounding-frequency window 3.2­4.7 MHz (four fixed frequencies) was run every 15 minutes

Santolik, Ondrej

405

Stereo Satellite Imagery | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stereo Satellite Imagery Stereo Satellite Imagery Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Stereo Satellite Imagery Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Remote Sensing Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Passive Sensors Parent Exploration Technique: Passive Sensors Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: map structures/faults Hydrological: map surface water features, determine the boundary conditions of hydrothermal circulation Thermal: Cost Information Low-End Estimate (USD): 259.0025,900 centUSD 0.259 kUSD 2.59e-4 MUSD 2.59e-7 TUSD / sq. mile Median Estimate (USD): 282.3128,231 centUSD 0.282 kUSD 2.8231e-4 MUSD 2.8231e-7 TUSD / sq. mile High-End Estimate (USD): 362.6036,260 centUSD

406

Satellite stories featured in Lab lecture series  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

February » February » Satellite stories featured Satellite stories featured in Lab lecture series Space adventures will be featured in the upcoming Frontiers in Science lecture series "Small Satellites on a Shoestring: The LANL Experience." February 14, 2008 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

407

Definition: Stereo Satellite Imagery | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Stereo Satellite Imagery Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Stereo Satellite Imagery Stereo Satellite Imagery is a form of Stereoscopy or 3D imaging. Two pictures are a take of the subject from two slightly different angles to produce the illusion of depth. View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Stereoscopy (also called stereoscopics or 3D imaging) is a technique for creating or enhancing the illusion of depth in an image by means of stereopsis for binocular vision. The word stereoscopy derives from the Greek "στερεός" (stereos), "firm, solid" + "σκοπέω" (skopeō), "to look", "to see". Most stereoscopic methods present two offset images

408

Soviet satellite communications science and technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is a report by six US scientists and engineers concerning the current state of the art and projections of future Soviet satellite communications technologies. The panel members are experts in satellite stabilization, spacecraft environments, space power generation, launch systems, spacecraft communications sciences and technologies, onboard processing, ground stations, and other technologies that impact communications. The panel assessed the Soviet ability to support high-data-rate space missions at 128 Mbps by evaluating current and projected Soviet satellite communications technologies. A variety of space missions were considered, including Earth-to-Earth communications via satellites in geostationary or highly elliptical orbits, those missions that require space-to-Earth communications via a direct path and those missions that require space-to-Earth communications via a relay satellite. Soviet satellite communications capability, in most cases, is 10 years behind that of the United States and other industrialized nations. However, based upon an analysis of communications links needed to support these missions using current Soviet capabilities, it is well within the current Soviet technology to support certain space missions outlined above at rates of 128 Mbps or higher, although published literature clearly shows that the Soviet Union has not exceeded 60 Mbps in its current space system. These analyses are necessary but not sufficient to determine mission data rates, and other technologies such as onboard processing and storage could limit the mission data rate well below that which could actually be supported via the communications links. Presently, the Soviet Union appears to be content with data rates in the low-Earth-orbit relay via geostationary mode of 12 Mbps. This limit is a direct result of power amplifier limits, spacecraft antenna size, and the utilization of K{sub u}-band frequencies. 91 refs., 16 figs., 15 tabs.

Birch, J.N.; Campanella, S.J.; Gordon, G.D.; McElroy, D.R.; Pritchard, W.L.; Stamminger, R.

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Thermoelastic Properties of Ringwoodite [Fe_x,Mg_(1-x)]_2SiO_4: Its Relationship to the 520 km Seismic Discontinuity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We combine density functional theory (DFT) within the local density approximation (LDA), the quasiharmonic approximation (QHA), and a model vibrational density of states (VDoS) to calculate elastic moduli and sound velocities of gamma-[Fe_x,Mg_(1-x)]_2SiO_4 (ringwoodite), the most abundant mineral of the lower Earth's transition zone (TZ). Comparison with experimental values at room-temperature and high pressure or ambient-pressure and high temperature shows good agreement with our first-principles findings. Then, we investigate the contrasts associated with the beta-to-gamma-[Fe_x,Mg_(1-x)]_2SiO_4 transformation at pressures and temperatures relevant to the TZ. This information offers clearly defined reference values to advance the understanding of the nature of the 520 km seismic discontinuity.

Valdez, M Nez; Yu, Y G; Revenaugh, J; Wentzcovitch, R M

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Parallel signal processing for optical satellite detection  

SciTech Connect

An optical satellite detection system can provide a high scan coverage rate if the telescope is scanning the sky continuously, rather than stepping and staring. In the imc signal processor, a high throughput rate has been achieved by dividing the focal plane imaging into five fields-of-view, processing these in a parallel signal processing architecture, and detecting satellites on a several-lines basis rather than waiting for frame-to-frame comparisons. The concepts developed can be applied to a more general detection problem. The signal processing considerations and processor algorithms are discussed. The processor hardware is described, laboratory results are given, and future plans described. 2 references.

Mayer, G.J.; Macdonald, M.J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Angular Distribution Models for Top-of-Atmosphere Radiative Flux Estimation from the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System Instrument on the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission Satellite. Part II: Validation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Top-of-atmosphere (TOA) radiative fluxes from the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) are estimated from empirical angular distribution models (ADMs) that convert instantaneous radiance measurements to TOA fluxes. This paper ...

Norman G. Loeb; Konstantin Loukachine; Natividad Manalo-Smith; Bruce A. Wielicki; David F. Young

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Angular Distribution Models for Top-of-Atmosphere Radiative Flux Estimation from the Clouds and the Earths Radiant Energy System Instrument on the Terra Satellite. Part II: Validation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Errors in top-of-atmosphere (TOA) radiative fluxes from the Clouds and the Earths Radiant Energy System (CERES) instrument due to uncertainties in radiance-to-flux conversion from CERES Terra angular distribution models (ADMs) are evaluated ...

Norman G. Loeb; Seiji Kato; Konstantin Loukachine; Natividad Manalo-Smith; David R. Doelling

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Evapotranspiration over an Agricultural Region Using a Surface Flux/Temperature Model Based on NOAA-AVHRR Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The possibility of using infrared surface temperatures from satellites (NOAA, GOES) for inferring daily evaporation and soil moisture distribution over large areas (102 to 105 km2) has been extensively studied during the past few years. The ...

O. Taconet; R. Bernard; D. Vidal-Madjar

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

BBHRP Assessment Using Ground and Satellite-based High Spectral Resolution  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BBHRP Assessment Using Ground and Satellite-based High Spectral Resolution BBHRP Assessment Using Ground and Satellite-based High Spectral Resolution Infrared Observations Revercomb, Henry University of Wisconsin-Madison DeSlover, Daniel University of Wisconsin Holz, Robert University of Wisconsin, CIMMS Knuteson, Robert University Of Wisconsin Li, Jun University of Wisconsin-Madison Moy, Leslie University of Wisconsin-Madison Tobin, David University of Wisconsin-Madison Turner, David University of Wisconsin-Madison Category: Radiation The overall objective of this research is to support the ARM BBHRP measurement-model comparison effort that will couple heating rates based on ARM data more directly into SCM and GCM models. We are making use of high spectral resolution infrared satellite, aircraft, and ground based data for

415

Satellite Determination of Stratus Cloud Microphysical Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite measurements of liquid water path from SSM/I, broadband albedo from ERBE, and cloud characteristics from ISCCP are used to study stratus regions. An average cloud liquid water path of 0.120 0.032 kg m?2 is derived by dividing the ...

Paquita Zuidema; Dennis L. Hartmann

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

The Joint Center for Satellite Data Assimilation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Joint Center for Satellite Data Assimilation (JCSDA) was established by NASA and NOAA in 2001, with Department of Defense (DoD) agencies becoming partners in 2002. The goal of JCSDA is to accelerate the use of observations from Earth-orbiting ...

John Le Marshall; Louis Uccellini; Franco Einaudi; Lars-Peters Riishojgaard; Marie Colton; Fuzhong Weng; James G. Yoe; Simon Chang; Patricia Phoebus; Michael Uhart; Stephen Lord

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Use of satellite imagery in multidisciplinary projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The most important problems of our century require collaborative work. Therefore, as educators, we must be producing individuals who understand how to communicate and work with professionals from other fields. In this paper, we outline our ongoing efforts ... Keywords: active learning, satellite imagery, scientific computing

Ali Erkan; Jason Hamilton; Tom Pfaff; Michael Rogers

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

A Comparison of Two Satellite Rainfall Estimates for GATE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rainfall estimates obtained for the GATE experiment by two satellite rainfall estimation techniques are compared for different time and space scales. The Kilonsky-Ramage technique uses polar-orbiting satellites for 1 resolution rainfall ...

Oswaldo Garcia

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

An Evaluation of Satellite-based Insolation Estimates for Ohio  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information Service (NESDIS) has developed an operational procedure to estimate hourly and daily totals of global solar radiation (insolation) from geostationary operational environmental satellite (...

John C. Klink; Kevin J. Dollhopf

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Satellite Television Industry Meeting Regarding DOE Set-Top Box...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Satellite Television Industry Meeting Regarding DOE Set-Top Box Rulemaking Satellite Television Industry Meeting Regarding DOE Set-Top Box Rulemaking On April 3, 2012 at 11:00 AM,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "km satellite modeled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Recent Innovations in Deriving Tropospheric Winds from Meteorological Satellites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The evolving constellation of environmental/meteorological satellites and their associated sensor technology is rapidly advancing. This is providing opportunities for creatively improving satellite-derived products used in weather analysis and ...

Christopher Velden; Jaime Daniels; David Stettner; David Santek; Jeff Key; Jason Dunion; Kenneth Holmlund; Gail Dengel; Wayne Bresky; Paul Menzel

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

NOAA's Sea Surface Temperature Products From Operational Geostationary Satellites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NOAA's National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NESDIS) has generated sea surface temperature (SST) products from Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES)-East (E) and GOES-West (W) on an operational basis ...

Eileen Maturi; Andy Harris; Jon Mittaz; Chris Merchant; Bob Potash; Wen Meng; John Sapper

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Computationally Efficient Methods of Collocating Satellite, Aircraft, and Ground Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The usefulness of measurements from satellite-borne instruments is enhanced if these measurements can be compared to measurements from other instruments mounted aboard the same or different satellite, with measurements from aircraft, or with ...

Frederick W. Nagle; Robert E. Holz

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Building technological capability within satellite programs in developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global participation in space activity is growing as satellite technology matures and spreads. Countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America are creating or reinvigorating national satellite programs. These countries are ...

Wood, Danielle Renee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Estimation of Surface Insolation Using Sun-Synchronous Satellite Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A technique is presented for estimating insulation at the Earth's surface using only sun-synchronous satellite data. The technique was tested by comparing the insolation results from year-long satellite datasets with simultaneous ground-measured ...

Wayne L. Darnell; W. Frank Staylor; Shashi K. Gupta; Frank M. Denn

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Sampling Errors in Rainfall Estimates by Multiple Satellites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the sampling characteristics of combining data collected by several low-orbiting satellites attempting to estimate the space?time average of rain rates. The several satellites can have different orbital and swath-width ...

Gerald R. North; Samuel S. P. Shen; Robert Upson

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Satellite Rainfall Estimation Using Combined Passive Microwave and Infrared Algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of a combined infrared and passive microwave satellite rainfall estimation technique is outlined. Infrared data from geostationary satellites are combined with polar-orbiting passive microwave estimates to provide 30-min rainfall ...

Chris Kidd; Dominic R. Kniveton; Martin C. Todd; Tim J. Bellerby

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Hyperparameter estimation and plug-in kernel density estimates for maximum a posteriori land-cover classification with multiband satellite data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Classifying land cover via satellite imagery is an important problem in geographical studies. This paper presents a maximum a posteriori (MAP) land-cover classifier for multiband satellite data. The method uses the Markov random field model. The MAP ... Keywords: Iterated conditional modes, Naive Bayes, Remote sensing

Jason H. Stover; Matthew C. Ulm

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

The Impact of Satellite-Derived Polar Winds on Lower-Latitude Forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of atmospheric motion vectors (AMVs) in NWP models continues to be an important source of information in data-sparse regions. These AMVs are derived from a time sequence of images from geostationary and polar-orbiting satellites. NWP ...

David Santek

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Verification of Cloud Cover Forecast with Satellite Observation over West Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 3-hourly brightness temperatures (BTs) at 10.8 ?m from the Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) satellite were used to document the cloud system variability over West Africa in the summer of 2006 and to evaluate the quality of the Mso-NH model ...

Nathalie Shne; Jean-Pierre Chaboureau; Franoise Guichard

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Reply to Quaas et al.: Can satellites be used to estimate indirect climate forcing by aerosols?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We welcome the comments by Quaas et al. (1). In our paper (2), we used a model to show that the methods used to estimate indirect aerosol forcing using satellite data, especially those based on relating the slope of present-day (PD) drop number (Nc) to aerosol optical depth (AOD), underestimate the forcing calculated when both PD and preindustrial (PI) data are available.

Penner, J. E.; Zhou, Cheng; Xu, Li; Wang, Minghuai

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

432

Ris-R-1479(EN) Satellite information for wind energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Risø-R-1479(EN) Satellite information for wind energy applications Morten Nielsen, Poul Astrup Title: Satellite information for wind energy applications Department: Wind Energy Department Risø-R-1479.): An introduction to satellite information relevant for wind energy applications is given. It includes digital

433

Real Time Runoff Forecasts for Two Hydroelectric Stations Based on Satellite Snow Cover Monitoring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Seasonal and short-term runoff forecasts for two hydroelectric stations in the upper Rhine basin are carried out in real time based on snow cover monitoring by Landsat and SPOT satellites. Evaluation of snow reserves on 1 April 1993 from satellite data reveals uncertainties in estimates using point measurements on the ground as index. Runoff is computed by the SRM model with snow covered areas as well as temperature and precipitation forecasts as input variables. A SRM menu system has been installed for operational data acquisition and management. The runoff forecasts can be exploited, among other purposes, for optimizing the hydropower production and for timely decisions on the electricity market.

Klaus Seidel; Walter Brsch; Charlotte Steinmeier; Jaroslav Martinec; Jrg Wiedemeier; Klaus Seidel Walter Br Usch; J Urg Wiedemeier

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

WIPP Satellite Tracking System Relocates to Carlsbad  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

For Immediate Release WIPP Satellite Tracking System Relocates to Carlsbad Carlsbad, N.M., December 7, 2005 - The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Carlsbad Field Office has announced that effective December 2, the DOE Transportation Tracking and Communication System (TRANSCOM) is fully staffed and operational in Carlsbad, N.M. The TRANSCOM system, previously based in Albuquerque, N.M, is used to track transuranic waste shipments to the Waste Isolation Plant (WIPP) near Carlsbad and other DOE nuclear waste shipments nationwide. Security Consultant Group (SCG), operator of the TRANSCOM satellite system, maintains a staff of seven operators in Carlsbad. The new TRANSCOM Communications Center is located at the Skeen-Whitlock Building, where DOE

435

Gravity Wave Propagation Characteristics (60120 km) as Determined by the Saskatoon MF Radar (Gravnet) System: 198385 at 52N, 107W  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gravity waves (GW) have been detected and their characteristics measured by observations with the Saskatoon multiple bistatic system, Gravnet. Data are available from 50 days for two height ranges 6497 km, 100115 km, and for the four seasons ...

A. H. Manson; C. E. Meek

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Stable single-photon interference in a 1 km fiber-optical Mach-Zehnder interferometer with continuous phase adjustment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We experimentally demonstrate stable and user-adjustable single-photon interference in a 1 km long fiber- optical Mach-Zehnder interferometer, using an active phase control system with the feedback provided by a classical laser. We are able to continuously tune the single-photon phase difference between the interferometer arms using a phase modulator, which is synchronized with the gate window of the single-photon detectors. The phase control system employs a piezoelectric fiber stretcher to stabilize the phase drift in the interferometer. A single-photon net visibility of 0.97 is obtained, yielding future possibilities for experimental realizations of quantum repeaters in optical fibers, and violation of Bell's inequalities using genuine energy-time entanglement

Xavier, G B

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Stable single-photon interference in a 1 km fiber-optical Mach-Zehnder interferometer with continuous phase adjustment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We experimentally demonstrate stable and user-adjustable single-photon interference in a 1 km long fiber- optical Mach-Zehnder interferometer, using an active phase control system with the feedback provided by a classical laser. We are able to continuously tune the single-photon phase difference between the interferometer arms using a phase modulator, which is synchronized with the gate window of the single-photon detectors. The phase control system employs a piezoelectric fiber stretcher to stabilize the phase drift in the interferometer. A single-photon net visibility of 0.97 is obtained, yielding future possibilities for experimental realizations of quantum repeaters in optical fibers, and violation of Bell's inequalities using genuine energy-time entanglement

G. B. Xavier; J. P. von der Weid

2011-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

438

Search for acoustic signals from ultrahigh energy neutrinos in 1500 km{sup 3} of sea water  

SciTech Connect

An underwater acoustic sensor array spanning {approx}1500 km{sup 3} is used to search for cosmic-ray neutrinos of ultrahigh energies ( E{sub {nu}>}10{sup 18} eV). Approximately 328 million triggers accumulated over an integrated 130 days of data taking are analyzed. The sensitivity of the experiment is determined from a Monte Carlo simulation of the array using recorded noise conditions and expected waveforms. Two events are found to have properties compatible with showers in the energy range 10{sup 24} eV

Kurahashi, Naoko; Gratta, Giorgio [Departments of Physics and Applied Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Vandenbroucke, Justin [Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Department of Physics (United States) and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Learning Scene Categories from High Resolution Satellite Image for Aerial Video Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Automatic scene categorization can benefit various aerial video processing applications. This paper addresses the problem of predicting the scene category from aerial video frames using a prior model learned from satellite imagery. We show that local and global features in the form of line statistics and 2-D power spectrum parameters respectively can characterize the aerial scene well. The line feature statistics and spatial frequency parameters are useful cues to distinguish between different urban scene categories. We learn the scene prediction model from highresolution satellite imagery to test the model on the Columbus Surrogate Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (CSUAV) dataset ollected by high-altitude wide area UAV sensor platform. e compare the proposed features with the popular Scale nvariant Feature Transform (SIFT) features. Our experimental results show that proposed approach outperforms te SIFT model when the training and testing are conducted n disparate data sources.

Cheriyadat, Anil M [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Extracting cosmic microwave background polarisation from satellite astrophysical maps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the application of the Fast Independent Component Analysis technique for blind component separation to polarised astrophysical emission. We study how the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) polarised signal, consisting of $E$ and $B$ modes, can be extracted from maps affected by substantial contamination from diffuse Galactic foregrounds and instrumental noise. We perform the analysis of all sky maps simulated accordingly to the nominal performances of the Low Frequency Instrument (LFI) aboard the Planck satellite; the sky signal is modeled as a superposition of CMB, generated by a Gaussian, nearly scale invariant cosmological perturbation spectrum, and the existing simulated polarisation templates of Galactic synchrotron. Our results indicate that the angular power spectrum of CMB $E$ modes can be recovered on all scales up to $\\ell\\simeq 1000$, corresponding to the fourth acoustic oscillation, while $B$ modes can be detected, up to their turnover at $\\ell\\simeq 100$ if cosmological tensor amplitude...

Baccigalupi, C; De Zotti, G; Smoot, G F; Burigana, C; Maino, D; Bedini, L; Salerno, E

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "km satellite modeled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Variability in Soil Properties at Different Spatial Scales (1 m to 1 km) in a Deciduous Forest Ecosystem  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this research was to test the hypothesis that variability in 11 soil properties, related to soil texture and soil C and N, would increase from small (1 m) to large (1 km) spatial scales in a temperate, mixed-hardwood forest ecosystem in east Tennessee, USA. The results were somewhat surprising and indicated that a fundamental assumption in geospatial analysis, namely that variability increases with increasing spatial scale, did not apply for at least five of the 11 soil properties measured over a 0.5-km2 area. Composite mineral soil samples (15 cm deep) were collected at 1, 5, 10, 50, 250, and 500 m distances from a center point along transects in a north, south, east, and westerly direction. A null hypothesis of equal variance at different spatial scales was rejected (P{le}0.05) for mineral soil C concentration, silt content, and the C-to-N ratios in particulate organic matter (POM), mineral-associated organic matter (MOM), and whole surface soil. Results from different tests of spatial variation, based on coefficients of variation or a Mantel test, led to similar conclusions about measurement variability and geographic distance for eight of the 11 variables examined. Measurements of mineral soil C and N concentrations, C concentrations in MOM, extractable soil NH{sub 4}-N, and clay contents were just as variable at smaller scales (1-10 m) as they were at larger scales (50-500 m). On the other hand, measurement variation in mineral soil C-to-N ratios, MOM C-to-N ratios, and the fraction of soil C in POM clearly increased from smaller to larger spatial scales. With the exception of extractable soil NH4-N, measured soil properties in the forest ecosystem could be estimated (with 95% confidence) to within 15% of their true mean with a relatively modest number of sampling points (n{le}25). For some variables, scaling up variation from smaller to larger spatial domains within the ecosystem could be relatively easy because small-scale variation may be indicative of variation at larger scales.

Garten Jr, Charles T [ORNL; Kang, S. [University of Oklahoma; Brice, Deanne Jane [ORNL; Schadt, Christopher Warren [ORNL; Zhou, Jizhong [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

On the use of satellite-based estimates of rainfall temporal distribution to simulate the potential for malaria transmission in rural Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

[1] This paper describes the use of satellite-based estimates of rainfall to force the Hydrology, Entomology and Malaria Transmission Simulator (HYDREMATS), a hydrology-based mechanistic model of malaria transmission. We ...

Yamana, Teresa K.

443

A Multichannel, Multiangle Method for the Determination of Infrared Optical Depth of Semitransparent High Cloud from an Orbiting Satellite. Part I: Formulation and Simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is presented for determining the infrared optical depth of semitransparent clouds from satellite measurements. The technique employs cloud measurements at two infrared wavelengths and two angles. Using a simple but accurate model it is ...

A. J. Prata; I. J. Barton

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

The 2728 October 1986 FIRF IFO Cirrus Case Study: Comparison of Radiative Transfer Theory with Observations by Satellite and Aircraft  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations of cirrus and altocumulus clouds during the First International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project Regional Experiment (FIRE) are compared to theoretical models of cloud radiative properties. Three tests are performed. First, ...

Bruce A. Wielicki; J.T. Suttles; Andrew J. Heymsfield; Ronald M. Welch; James D. Spinhirne; Man-Li C. Wu; David O'C. Starr; Lindsay Parker; Robert F. Arduini

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Intercalibration of the Infrared Window and Water Vapor Channels on Operational Geostationary Environmental Satellites Using a Single Polar-Orbiting Satellite  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies (CIMSS) has been intercalibrating radiometers on five geostationary satellites (GOES-8, -10, Meteosat-5, -7, and GMS-5) using a single polar-orbiting or low-earth orbiting satellite [...

Mathew M. Gunshor; Timothy J. Schmit; W. Paul Menzel

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Submillimeter Wave Astronomy Satellite mapping observations of water vapor around Sagittarius B2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observations of the 1(10)-1(01) 556.936 GHz transition of ortho-water with the Submillimeter Wave Astronomy Satellite (SWAS) have revealed the presence of widespread emission and absorption by water vapor around the strong submillimeter continuum source Sagittarius B2. An incompletely-sampled spectral line map of a region of size 26 x 19 arcmin around Sgr B2 reveals three noteworthy features. First, absorption by foreground water vapor is detectable at local standard-of-rest (LSR) velocities in the range -100 to 0 km/s at almost every observed position. Second, spatially-extended emission by water is detectable at LSR velocities in the range 80 to 120 km/s at almost every observed position. This emission is attributable to the 180-pc molecular ring identified from previous observations of CO. The typical peak antenna temperature of 0.075 K for this component implies a typical water abundance of 1.2E-6 to 8E-6 relative to H2. Third, strong absorption by water is observed within 5 arcmin of Sgr B2 at LSR veloci...

Neufeld, D A; Melnick, G J; Goldsmith, P F; Neufeld, David A.; Bergin, Edwin A.; Melnick, Gary J.; Goldsmith, Paul F.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Satellite power system (SPS) public outreach experiment  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

To improve the results of the Satellite Power System (SPS) Concept Development and Evaluation Program, an outreach experiment was conducted. Three public interest groups participated: the L-5 Society (L-5), Citizen's Energy Project (CEP), and the Forum for the Advancement of Students in Science and Technology (FASST). Each group disseminated summary information about SPS to approximately 3000 constituents with a request for feedback on the SPS concept. The objectives of the outreach were to (1) determine the areas of major concern relative to the SPS concept, and (2) gain experience with an outreach process for use in future public involvement. Due to the combined efforts of all three groups, 9200 individuals/organizations received information about the SPS concept. Over 1500 receipients of this information provided feedback. The response to the outreach effort was positive for all three groups, suggesting that the effort extended by the SPS Project Division to encourage an information exchange with the public was well received. The general response to the SPS differed with each group. The L-5 position is very much in favor of SPS; CEP is very much opposed and FASST is relatively neutral. The responses are analyzed, and from the responses some questions and answers about the satellite power system are presented in the appendix. (WHK)

McNeal, S.R.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Satellite relative motion propagation and control in the presence of J2 perturbations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Formation flying is a new satellite mission concept that is concerned with clusters of satellites in neighboring orbits cooperating to perform a specific task. The tasks may be Earth observation or space-based interferometry where a cluster of small satellites is able to fulfill the same requirements as that of a larger, monolithic satellite. There exist a variety of models for the study of relative motion between two satellites. These include models based upon differential orbital elements, and relative position and velocity coordinates. Extensive work has been done on such models, both in the absence and presence of the J2 perturbation arising from the aspherical nature of the Earth, which causes variations in the orbital elements that describe the orbit. The approximate relative motion can be obtained analytically by using mean elements. However, the true orbit can only be described by the instantaneous osculating elements. An analytical method to propagate the relative motion between two satellites in highly elliptic orbits is the main focus of this thesis. The method is kinematically exact and it maintains a high degree of accuracy even in the presence of J2 perturbations. Mean orbital elements are used for orbit propagation, and expansions involving the powers of eccentricity are not utilized. The true anomaly of the reference satellite is treated as the independent variable, instead of time. The relative orbit kinematics are obtained by using a projection onto a unit sphere. This procedure allows the relative position variables to be treated as angles depending on the orbital element differences. The effect of adding short-period corrections due to J2 to the mean elements is also studied. Finally, the problem of formation reconfiguration is studied. The reconfiguration of a formation may be achieved by using impulsive thrust (velocity increments) or continuous control. This thesis presents a method to obtain the optimal velocity increments through numerical optimization, utilizing the analytical technique developed for relative orbit propagation. A continuous control law is also developed using a candidate Lyapunov function, and the asymptotic stability of the closed-loop system is ascertained.

Sengupta, Prasenjit

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Fifty-Seven-Year California Reanalysis Downscaling at 10 km (CaRD10). Part I: System Detail and Validation with Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For the purpose of producing datasets for regional-scale climate change research and application, the NCEPNCAR reanalysis for the period 19482005 was dynamically downscaled to hourly, 10-km resolution over California using the Regional Spectral ...

Masao Kanamitsu; Hideki Kanamaru

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

THE COSMIC EVOLUTION OF FAINT SATELLITE GALAXIES AS A TEST OF GALAXY FORMATION AND THE NATURE OF DARK MATTER  

SciTech Connect

The standard cosmological model based on cold dark matter (CDM) predicts a large number of subhalos for each galaxy-size halo. Matching the subhalos to the observed properties of luminous satellites of galaxies in the local universe poses a significant challenge to our understanding of the astrophysics of galaxy formation. We show that the cosmic evolution and host mass dependence of the luminosity function of satellites provide a powerful new diagnostic to disentangle astrophysical effects from variations in the underlying dark matter mass function. We illustrate this by comparing recent observations of satellites between redshifts 0.1 < z < 0.8 based on Hubble Space Telescope images, with predictions from three different state-of-the-art semi-analytic models applied to CDM power spectra, with one model also applied to a warm dark matter (WDM) spectrum. We find that even though CDM models provide a reasonable fit to the local luminosity function of satellites around galaxies comparable to the Milky Way, they do not reproduce the data as well for different redshifts and host galaxy stellar masses, indicating that further improvements in the description of star formation are likely needed. The WDM model matches the observed mass dependence and redshift evolution of satellite galaxies more closely, indicating that a modification of the underlying power spectrum may offer an alternative solution to this tension. We conclude by presenting predictions for the color distribution of satellite galaxies to demonstrate how future observations will be able to further distinguish between these models and to help constrain baryonic and non-baryonic physics.

Nierenberg, A. M.; Treu, T. [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States); Menci, N. [NAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, via di Frascati 33, I-00040 Monteporzio (Italy); Lu, Y. [Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Stanford, CA 94309 (United States); Wang, W., E-mail: amn01@physics.ucsb.edu [Key Laboratory for Research in Galaxies and Cosmology of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Max-Planck-Institute Partner Group, Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Nandan Road 80, Shanghai 200030 (China)

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

From Measurements to Models: What Satellite and Sub-Orbital ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Winter (Dec-Feb) Monsoon (Jun-Sep) Post-monsoon (Oct-Nov) Pre-monsoon (Mar-May) ... Index Reduced dust loading due to monsoon precipitation ...

2011-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

452

Modeling Of Surface Deformation From Satellite Radar Interferometry...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

field. The results are constrained with ground-based leveling observations. Two main subsidence areas are observed in the geothermal field, with maximum vertical and horizontal...

453

Adaptive thermal modeling architecture for small satellite applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The United States Air Force and commercial aerospace industry recognize the importance of moving towards smaller, better, and cheaper spacecraft to support the nation's increasing dependence on space-based technologies. ...

Richmond, John Anger

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Electrodynamic Tether Experiment onboard the Delfi-1 Satellite.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Space debris is becoming an increasing problem requiring a low cost propulsion system capable of disposing non operable satellites and spent rocket stages. To this (more)

Wijnans, A.S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Observing Climate with Satellites Are We on Thin Ice?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observing Climate with Satellites Are We on Thin Ice? A glacial-melt stream on the top of the Greenland ice sheet in late summer. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

456

Surface Deformation from Satellite Data and Geothermal Assessment...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NA, 2012 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for Surface Deformation from Satellite Data and Geothermal Assessment,...

457

IONIZING RADIATION RISKS TO SATELLITE POWER SYSTEMS (SPS) WORKERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and A. I. Sladkova, "Radiation Levels in InterplanetaryPrognoz Satellites," Cosmic Radiation, 12_, No. 5, 716-718 (0. ArchamDeau, Mammalian Radiation Lethargy, A Disturbance

Lyman, J.T.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Solar wind iron abundance variations at solar wind speeds > 600 km s/sup -1/, 1972 to 1976  

SciTech Connect

We have analyzed the Fe/H ratios in the peaks of high speed streams (HSS) during the decline of Solar Cycle 20 and the following minimum (October 1972 to December 1976). We utilized the response of the 50 to 200 keV ion channel of the APL/JHU energetic particle experiment (EPE) onIMP-7 and 8 to solar wind iron ions at high solar wind speeds (V greater than or equal to 600 km sec/sup -1/), and compared our Fe measurements with solar wind H and He parameters from the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) instruments on the same spacecraft. In general, the Fe distribution parameters (bulk velocity, flow direction, temperature) are found to be similar to the LANL He parameters. Although the average Fe/H ration in many steady HSS peaks agrees within observational uncertainties with the nominal coronal ratio of 4.7 x 10/sup -5/, abundance variations of a factor of up to 6 are obtained across a given coronal-hole associated HSS. There are, as well, factor of 2 variations between stream-averaged abundances for recurent HSS emanating from different coronal holes occurring on the sun on the same solar rotation. flare-related solar wind streams sometimes show Fe/H ratios enhanced by factors of 4 to 5 over coronal-hole associated, quite time streams. Over the period 1973 to 1976, a steady decrease in the average quitetime Fe/H ratio by a ractor approx. 4 is measured on both IMP-7 and 8.

Mitchell, D.G.; Roelof, E.C.; Bame, S.J.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Calibration of the Spectrometer aboard the INTEGRAL satellite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SPI, the Spectrometer on board the ESA INTEGRAL satellite, to be launched in October 2002, will study the gamma-ray sky in the 20 keV to 8 MeV energy band with a spectral resolution of 2 keV for photons of 1 MeV, thanks to its 19 germanium detectors spanning an active area of 500 cm2. A coded mask imaging technique provides a 2 deg angular resolution. The 16 deg field of view is defined by an active BGO veto shield, furthermore used for background rejection. In April 2001 the flight model of SPI underwent a one-month calibration campaign at CEA in Bruy\\`eres le Ch\\^atel using low intensity radioactive sources and the CEA accelerator for homogeneity measurements and high intensity radioactive sources for imaging performance measurements. After integration of all scientific payloads (the spectrometer SPI, the imager IBIS and the monitors JEM-X and OMC) on the INTEGRAL satellite, a cross-calibration campaign has been performed at the ESA center in Noordwijk. A set of sources has been placed in the field of view of the different instruments in order to compare their performances and determine their mutual influence. Some of those sources had already been used in Bruy\\`eres during the SPI standalone test. For the lowest energy band calibration an X-ray generator has been used. We report on the scientific goals of this calibration activity, and present the measurements performed as well as some preliminary results.

Stphane Schanne; B. Cordier; M. Gros; D. Atti; P. v. Ballmoos; L. Bouchet; R. Carli; P. Connell; R. Diehl; P. Jean; J. Kiener; A. v. Kienlin; J. Kndlseder; P. Laurent; G. Lichti; P. Mandrou; J. Paul; P. Paul; J. -P. Roques; F. Sanchez; V. Schnfelder; C. Shrader; G. Skinner; A. Strong; S. Sturner; V. Tatischeff; B. Teegarden; G. Vedrenne; G. Weidenspointner; C. Wunderer

2003-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

460

Expedition to the 30-km Chernobyl Exclusion Zone and the Utilization of its Experience in Education and Communication  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Between May 28 - June 4, 2005, under the organization of the Hungarian Nuclear Society (HNS) and the Hungarian Young Generation Network (HYGN) - which operates within the framework of the HNS - a scientific expedition visited the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant and the surrounding exclusion zone. The participants were young Hungarian nuclear professionals supervised by more experienced experts. The main scientific goals of the expedition were the followings: Get personal experiences in a direct way about the current status of the Chernobyl Power Plant and its surroundings, the contamination of the environment and about the doses. Gather information about the state of the shut down power plant and the shelter built above the damaged 4. unit. Training of young nuclear experts by performing on site measurements. The Hungarian expedition successfully achieved its objectives by performing wide-range of environmental and dosimetric measurements and collecting numerous biological and soil samples. Within the 30-km exclusion zone the influence of the accident occurred 20 years ago still could be measured clearly; however the level of the radioactivity is manageable in most places. The dosimetric measurements showed that no considerable exposure occurred among the members of the expedition. The analysis of samples has been started at the International Chernobyl Center in Slavutich. During the expedition not only environmental sampling and in-situ measurements were carried out but it was also well documented with photos and video recordings for educational, training and PR purposes. A documentary TV film was recorded during the expedition. The first-hand knowledge acquired during the expedition helps the authentic communication of the accident and its present-day consequences, which is especially important in 2006, 20 years after the Chernobyl accident. Since Ukraine and Hungary are neighbor countries the media constantly discuss the accident, the consequences and the risks of using nuclear energy. In addition in November 2005 Hungary's parliament approved plans to extend the lifetime of the country's four-unit nuclear power plant. In order to have the crucial public support for nuclear energy it is very important to dispel unrealistic dismay and misbelieves regarding these questions. Thus it is extremely beneficial to have a film on this topic created by nuclear professionals especially for the public audience. In 2005 a book on the Chernobyl accident was published in Hungary that covers this expedition in a full chapter [2]. We plan to present the film to the audience of the conference. (authors)

Aszodi, Attila; Yamaji, Bogdan [Institute of Nuclear Techniques, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, 1521 Budapest (Hungary); Silye, Judit [Hungarian Atomic Energy Authority, Nuclear Safety Directorate, H-1539 Budapest, P.O. Box 676 (Hungary); Pazmandi, Tamas [KFKI Atomic Energy Research Institute, H-1525 Budapest 114, P.O.B. 49. (Hungary)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "km satellite modeled" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

New developments on estimating satellite interfrequency bias for SVN49  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to estimating satellite interfrequency bias Tgd for the anomalously behaving SVN49, a modified JPL GIM software suite is presented. This research assumed that the single-frequency user will not need to perform any modification in ... Keywords: Global ionospheric mapping (GIM), Ionosphere, SVN49, Satellite interfrequency bias

Attila Komjathy; Brian D. Wilson; Anthony J. Mannucci

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Worldwide Satellite Communications for the Energy Utility Industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report examines advances in communications satellite systems that could have a high impact on an energy company's ability to manage resources located in remote areas. While satellite relevance to the energy industry has been known for a long time, only recently has new technology addressed the economic and technical constraints that have limited their use by a majority of companies.

1998-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

463

Stability of Satellites in Closely Packed Planetary Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We perform numerical integrations of four-body (star, planet, planet, satellite) systems to investigate the stability of satellites in planetary Systems with Tightly-packed Inner Planets (STIPs). We find that the majority of closely-spaced stable two-planet systems can stably support satellites across a range of parameter-space which is only slightly decreased compared to that seen for the single-planet case. In particular, circular prograde satellites remain stable out to $\\sim 0.4 R_H$ (where $R_H$ is the Hill Radius) as opposed to $\\sim 0.5 R_H$ in the single-planet case. A similarly small restriction in the stable parameter-space for retrograde satellites is observed, where planetary close approaches in the range 2.5 to 4.5 mutual Hill radii destabilize most satellites orbits only if $a\\sim 0.65 R_H$. In very close planetary pairs (e.g. the 12:11 resonance) the addition of a satellite frequently destabilizes the entire system, causing extreme close-approaches and the loss of satellites over a range of cir...

Payne, Matthew J; Holman, Matthew J; Perets, Hagai B

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Pulse Compression and Sea Level Tracking in Satellite Altimetry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the presently operational altimeter on the U.S. Navy satellite GEOSAT, and three new altimeters soon to be launched by the European, French and U.S. space agencies, satellite altimetry promises to become a standard technique for studying ...

Dudley B. Chelton; Edward J. Walsh; John L. MacArthur

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

The Impacts of Different Satellite Data on Rain Estimation Schemes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rain estimates for the Great Plains States were made for a one-month period, August 1979, using different combinations of satellite and other data. The data tested were as follows: 1) two satellite images per day without any other data, 2) four ...

Donald P. Wylie; Denise Laitsch

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

STUDSAT: India's first student Pico-satellite project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the era of development of space technology, miniaturization plays a vital role in low cost small satellite missions. 12The versatile application capabilities and low cost of Pico/Nano satellites missions make them attractive for a wide scope of space ...

Chetan Angadi; Zhora Manjiyani; Chetan Dixit; K Vigneswaran; G. S. Avinash; Prithvi Raj Narendra; Shwetha Prasad; Harish Ramavaram; R. M. Mamatha; G Karthik; H. V. Arpan; A. H. Sharath; P Sashi Kiran; K Visweswaran

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Adaptive fuzzy sliding mode control for flexible satellite  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The adaptive fuzzy sliding mode control is applied to the attitude stabilization of flexible satellite. The detailed design procedure of the fuzzy sliding mode control system is presented. The adaptive fuzzy control is utilized to approach the equivalent ... Keywords: Adaptive fuzzy control, Attitude control, Flexible satellite, Sliding mode control

Ping Guan; Xiang-Jie Liu; Ji-Zhen Liu

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Constraining cloud lifetime effects of aerosols using A-Train satellite observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aerosol indirect effects have remained the largest uncertainty in estimates of the radiative forcing of past and future climate change. Observational constraints on cloud lifetime effects are particularly challenging since it is difficult to separate aerosol effects from meteorological influences. Here we use three global climate models, including a multi-scale aerosol-climate model PNNL-MMF, to show that the dependence of the probability of precipitation on aerosol loading, termed the precipitation frequency susceptibility (S{sub pop}), is a good measure of the liquid water path response to aerosol perturbation ({lambda}), as both Spop and {lambda} strongly depend on the magnitude of autoconversion, a model representation of precipitation formation via collisions among cloud droplets. This provides a method to use satellite observations to constrain cloud lifetime effects in global climate models. S{sub pop} in marine clouds estimated from CloudSat, MODIS and AMSR-E observations is substantially lower than that from global climate models and suggests a liquid water path increase of less than 5% from doubled cloud condensation nuclei concentrations. This implies a substantially smaller impact on shortwave cloud radiative forcing (SWCF) over ocean due to aerosol indirect effects than simulated by current global climate models (a reduction by one-third for one of the conventional aerosol-climate models). Further work is needed to quantify the uncertainties in satellite-derived estimates of S{sub pop} and to examine S{sub pop} in high-resolution models.

Wang, Minghuai; Ghan, Steven J.; Liu, Xiaohong; Ecuyer, Tristan L.; Zhang, Kai; Morrison, H.; Ovchinnikov, Mikhail; Easter, Richard C.; Marchand, Roger; Chand, Duli; Qian, Yun; Penner, Joyce E.

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

469

Surface Deformation from Satellite Data and Geothermal Assessment,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Surface Deformation from Satellite Data and Geothermal Assessment, Surface Deformation from Satellite Data and Geothermal Assessment, Exploration and Mitigation in Imperial Valley Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Surface Deformation from Satellite Data and Geothermal Assessment, Exploration and Mitigation in Imperial Valley Author Mariana Eneva Published N/A, 2012 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for Surface Deformation from Satellite Data and Geothermal Assessment, Exploration and Mitigation in Imperial Valley Citation Mariana Eneva. Surface Deformation from Satellite Data and Geothermal Assessment, Exploration and Mitigation in Imperial Valley [Internet]. 2012. N/A. N/A. [cited 2013/09/17]. Available from: http://www.energy.ca.gov/research/notices/2012-02-29_workshop/presentations/Geothermal/Eneva-Imageair_Inc_Presentation.pdf

470

Force-limited vibration tests aplied to the FORTE` satellite  

SciTech Connect

A force limited random vibration test was conducted on a small satellite called FORTE{prime}. This type of vibration test reduces the over testing that can occur in a conventional vibration test. Two vibration specifications were used in the test: The conventional base acceleration specification, and an interface force specification. The vibration level of the shaker was controlled such that neither the table acceleration nor the force transmitted to the test item exceeded its specification. The effect of limiting the shake table vibration to the force specification was to reduce (or ``notch``) the shaker acceleration near some of the satellite`s resonance frequencies. This paper describes the force limited test conducted for the FORTE{prime} satellite. The satellite and its dynamic properties are discussed, and the concepts of force limiting theory are summarized. The hardware and setup of the test are then described, and the results of the force limited vibration test are discussed.

Stevens, R.R.; Butler, T.A.

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

A method for estimating direct normal solar irradiation from satellite data for a tropical environment  

SciTech Connect

In order to investigate a potential use of concentrating solar power technologies and select an optimum site for these technologies, it is necessary to obtain information on the geographical distribution of direct normal solar irradiation over an area of interest. In this work, we have developed a method for estimating direct normal irradiation from satellite data for a tropical environment. The method starts with the estimation of global irradiation on a horizontal surface from MTSAT-1R satellite data and other ground-based ancillary data. Then a satellite-based diffuse fraction model was developed and used to estimate the diffuse component of the satellite-derived global irradiation. Based on this estimated global and diffuse irradiation and the solar radiation incident angle, the direct normal irradiation was finally calculated. To evaluate its performance, the method was used to estimate the monthly average hourly direct normal irradiation at seven pyrheliometer stations in Thailand. It was found that values of monthly average hourly direct normal irradiation from the measurements and those estimated from the proposed method are in reasonable agreement, with a root mean square difference of 16% and a mean bias of -1.6%, with respect to mean measured values. After the validation, this method was used to estimate the monthly average hourly direct normal irradiation over Thailand by using MTSAT-1R satellite data for the period from June 2005 to December 2008. Results from the calculation were displayed as hourly and yearly irradiation maps. These maps reveal that the direct normal irradiation in Thailand was strongly affected by the tropical monsoons and local topography of the country. (author)

Janjai, Serm [Solar Energy Research Laboratory, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Silpakorn University, Nakhon Pathom 73000 (Thailand)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

472

Use of Multiple Verification Methods to Evaluate Forecasts of Convection from Hot- and Cold-Start Convection-Allowing Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study uses both traditional and newer verification methods to evaluate two 4-km grid-spacing Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF) forecasts: a cold start forecast that uses the 12-km North American Mesoscale Model (NAM) analysis and ...

Derek R. Stratman; Michael C. Coniglio; Steven E. Koch; Ming Xue

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Geosynchronous satellite maneuver detection and orbit recovery using ground based optical tracking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Geosynchronous satellite orbit maintenance is a very important issue. Satellites maneuver frequently requiring the ability to detect unknown maneuvers for target satellites and quickly recover an accurate orbit. This study ...

Aaron, Benjamin S. (Benjamin Samuel)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Estimating Noise Levels of Remotely Sensed Measurements from Satellites Using Spatial Structure Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A technique is presented whereby the noise level of satellite measurements of the atmosphere and earth can be estimated. The technique analyzes a spatial array of data measured by a satellite instrument. A minimum of about 200 satellite ...

Donald W. Hillger; Thomas H. Vonder Haar

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Mine subsidence monitoring using multisource satellite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract- This paper demonstrates the use of differential interferometric synthetic aperture radar (DInSAR) for mine subsidence monitoring in Australia. The C-band SAR imagery acquired by ERS-1/2 and Radarsat-1 and L-band data acquired by JERS-1 were tested. As the satellites have different re-visit periods so that the mine subsidence occurred during the intervals of 1, 24, 35 and 44 days can be observed. The C-band InSAR results generally have lower coherence over vegetated areas, but the Radarsat-1 fine-beam mode data demonstrated that decorrelation can be reduced by having finer imaging resolution and shorter temporal separation. Another difficulty of DInSAR for mine subsidence monitoring is to resolve the phase ambiguity in interferogram. The L-band SAR data with comparatively longer wavelength than C-band showed it is more suitable for mining subsidence monitoring where large displacement over a small spatial extent occurs.

Hsing-chung Chang; Linlin Ge; Chris Rizos

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

LARES succesfully launched in orbit: satellite and mission description  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On February 13th 2012, the LARES satellite of the Italian Space Agency (ASI) was launched into orbit with the qualification flight of the new VEGA launcher of the European Space Agency (ESA). The payload was released very accurately in the nominal orbit. The name LARES means LAser RElativity Satellite and summarises the objective of the mission and some characteristics of the satellite. It is, in fact, a mission designed to test Einstein's General Relativity Theory (specifically 'frame dragging' and Lense-Thirring effect). The satellite is passive and covered with optical retroreflectors that send back laser pulses to the emitting ground station. This allows accurate positioning of the satellite, which is important for measuring the very small deviations from Galilei-Newton's laws. In 2008, ASI selected the prime industrial contractor for the LARES system with a heavy involvement of the universities in all phases of the programme, from the design to the construction and testing of the satellite and separation system. The data exploitation phase started immediately after the launch under a new contract between ASI and those universities. Tracking of the satellite is provided by the International Laser Ranging Service. Due to its particular design, LARES is the orbiting object with the highest known mean density in the solar system. In this paper, it is shown that this peculiarity makes it the best proof particle ever manufactured. Design aspects, mission objectives and preliminary data analysis will be also presented.

Antonio Paolozzi; Ignazio Ciufolini

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

477

Surface Di-directional Reflectance Properties Over the ARM SGP Area from Satellite Multi-Platform Observations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bi-Directional Reflectance Properties Bi-Directional Reflectance Properties Over the ARM SGP Area from Satellite Multi-Platform Observations Y. Luo, A. P. Trishchenko, and R. Latifovic Canada Centre for Remote Sensing Natural Resources Canada Ottawa, Ontario, Canada Z. Li Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center University of Maryland College Park, Maryland Introduction Surface albedo is an important parameter in atmospheric radiation research. Good knowledge of surface bi-directional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) is essential in order to obtain the hemispheric reflectance (albedo) using data from satellite systems, which only view the ground at particular angles. Linear kernel-driven BRDF models have been commonly used for simple operational implementation of

478

Ionizing radiation risks to satellite power systems (SPS) workers  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The radiation risks to the health of workers who will construct and maintain solar power satellites in the space environment were examined. For ionizing radiation, the major concern will be late or delayed health effects, particularly the increased risk of radiation-induced cancer. The estimated lifetime risk for cancer is 0.8 to 5.0 excess deaths per 10,000 workers per rad of exposure. Thus, for example, in 10,000 workers who completed ten missions with an exposure of 40 rem per mission, 320 to 2000 additional deaths in excess of the 1640 deaths from normally occurring cancer, would be expected. These estimates would indicate a 20 to 120% increase in cancer deaths in the worker-population. The wide range in these estimates stems from the choice of the risk-projection model and the dose-response relationsip. The choice between a linear and a linear-quadratic dose-response model may alter the risk estimate by a factor of about two. The method of analysis (e.g., relative vs absolute risk model) can alter the risk estimate by an additional factor of three. Choosing different age and sex distributions can further change the estimate by another factor of up to three. The potential genetic consequences could be of significance, but at the present time, sufficient information on the age and sex distribution of the worker population is lacking for precise estimation of risk. The potential teratogenic consequences resulting from radiation are considered significant. Radiation exposure of a pregnant worker could result in developmental abnormalities.

Lyman, J.T.; Ainsworth, E.J.; Alpen, E.L.; Bond, V.; Curtis, S.B.; Fry, R.J.M.; Jackson, K.L.; Nachtwey, S.; Sondhaus, C.; Tobias, C.A.; Fabrikant, J.I.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

SEU rate prediction and measurement of GaAs SRAMs onboard the CRRES satellite  

SciTech Connect

The Combined Release and Radiation Effects Satellite (CRRES) launched in July of 1990 included experiments to study effects of Single Event Upset (SEU) on various microelectronic ICs. The MicroElectronics Package (MEP) subsection of the satellite experiments monitored upset rates on 65 devices over a 15 month period. One of the purposes of the SEU experiments was to determine if the soft error modeling techniques were of sufficient accuracy to predict error rates, and if not, to determine where the deficiencies existed. An analysis is presented on SPICE predicted, SEU ground tested, and CRRES observed heavy ion and proton soft error rates of GaAs SRAMs. Upset rates overestimated the susceptibility of the GaAs SRAMs. Differences are accounted to several factors.

Weatherford, T.R.; McDonald, P.T. (SFA, Inc., Landover, MD (United States) Naval Research Lab., Washington, DC (United States)); Campbell, A.B.; Langworthy, J.B. (Naval Research Lab., Washington, DC (United States))

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Satellite attitude control using environmental forces based on variable structure control.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The present thesis examines the use of environmental forces for satellite attitude control using variable structure control. The system comprises of a satellite with control (more)

Patel, Tarunkumar

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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481

Helsinki Journal, Entry 33, March 18, 2007 Day 5: Following the long day, the organizers smartly put the shortest (44km). The weather  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

put the shortest (44km). The weather was perfect ­ crystal clear and calm ­ and the topography flat to the ambiance of the day. It was located on a river and the excellent sauna hut was very near to the river bank the clammy cold. The warm weather has meant a logistical challenge for the organizers as many of the river

Bardsley, John

482

Extracting cosmic microwave background polarisation from satellite astrophysical maps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the application of the Fast Independent Component Analysis ({\\ica}) technique for blind component separation to polarized astrophysical emission. We study how the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) polarized signal, consisting of $E$ and $B$ modes, can be extracted from maps affected by substantial contamination from diffuse Galactic foreground emission and instrumental noise. {We implement Monte Carlo chains varying the CMB and noise realizations in order to asses the average capabilities of the algorithm and their variance.} We perform the analysis of all sky maps simulated according to the {\\sc Planck} satellite capabilities, modelling the sky signal as a superposition of the CMB and of the existing simulated polarization templates of Galactic synchrotron. Our results indicate that the angular power spectrum of CMB $E$-mode can be recovered on all scales up to $\\ell\\simeq 1000$, corresponding to the fourth acoustic oscillation, while the $B$-mode power spectrum can be detected, up to its turnover at $\\ell\\simeq 100$, if the ratio of tensor to scalar contributions to the temperature quadrupole exceeds 30%. The power spectrum of the cross correlation between total intensity and polarization, $TE$, can be recovered up to $\\ell\\simeq 1200$, corresponding to the seventh $TE$ acoustic oscillation.

C. Baccigalupi; F. Perrotta; G. De Zotti; G. F. Smoot; C. Burigana; D. Maino; L. Bedini; E. Salerno

2002-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

483

Sensor orientation for high-resolution satellite imagery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As high-resolution satellite imagery (HRSI) attracts usage in a broader range of mapping and GIS applications, so the demand for higher 3D accuracy increases. One of the notable recent innovations in sensor orientation modelling for HRSI has been bias compensated RPC bundle adjustment, which has shown that geopositioning to high accuracy can be achieved with minimal ground control; indeed, only one control point may be required. Bias-compensated RPCs and related issues are further examined in this paper, with attention being paid to the impact of terrain height variation and the issue of scanning mode. Image scanning characteristics can significantly influence metric performance, with the effect being more pronounced for HRSI sensors that dynamically vary their orientation during scene capture. Through experimental testing with IKONOS and QuickBird stereo imagery, the authors demonstrate that bias-corrected RPCs are capable of yielding sub-pixel geopositioning from base-level imagery products. Thus, bias-compensated RPCs are not only favourable in regard to optimising accuracy capability; they also offer cost advantages. 1.

H. B. Hanley; C. S. Fraser

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

DEVELOPMENT OF IMPROVED TECHNIQUES FOR SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING OF CLOUDS AND RADIATION USING ARM DATA, FINAL REPORT  

SciTech Connect

During the period, March 1997 February 2006, the Principal Investigator and his research team co-authored 47 peer-reviewed papers and presented, at least, 138 papers at conferences, meetings, and workshops that were supported either in whole or in part by this agreement. We developed a state-of-the-art satellite cloud processing system that generates cloud properties over the Atmospheric Radiation (ARM) surface sites and surrounding domains in near-real time and outputs the results on the world wide web in image and digital formats. When the products are quality controlled, they are sent to the ARM archive for further dissemination. These products and raw satellite images can be accessed at http://cloudsgate2.larc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/site/showdoc?docid=4&cmd=field-experiment-homepage&exp=ARM and are used by many in the ARM science community. The algorithms used in this system to generate cloud properties were validated and improved by the research conducted under this agreement. The team supported, at least, 11 ARM-related or supported field experiments by providing near-real time satellite imagery, cloud products, model results, and interactive analyses for mission planning, execution, and post-experiment scientific analyses. Comparisons of cloud properties derived from satellite, aircraft, and surface measurements were used to evaluate uncertainties in the cloud properties. Multiple-angle satellite retrievals were used to determine the influence of cloud structural and microphysical properties on the exiting radiation field.

Minnis, Patrick [NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

485

Satellite power system (SPS) public acceptance  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to develop a preliminary perspective on the public acceptability of the Solar Satellite Power System (SPS) Program, and a means to monitor it. A literature review and informal contacts with interest groups likely to take a position on the program reveal a number of concerns (anti-SPS arguments), as well as potential benefits (pro-SPS arguments). The concerns expressed include: environmental issues (microwaves, high altitude air pollution from space launches, land use), the program's cost in dollars, energy and other resources; communications interference; military implications; ownership and control of the system (particularly strengthening the power of utility monopolies); SPS as representing a centralized, high technology hard energy policy (rather than a decentralized smaller-scale soft approach); and the fear that SPS might dominate solar R and D budgets at the expense of decentralized solar technologies. Pro-SPS arguments stress its efficiency compared to terrestrial solar applications (i.e. virtually continuous exposure, no atmospheric attenuation). The program could be a major contributor to solving America's (and the world's) long-term energy crisis. It would improve our balance of payments; create many jobs both directly and through technology spinoffs; advance the space program; strengthen the U.S. position as a world leader in high technology; provide a great boost to American national pride; and would be environmentally preferable to alternative power generation technologies (e.g. coal, nuclear). Several key issues in SPS acceptability are: the outcome (and credibility) of future research into program environmental and non-environmental impacts, and the comparison of SPS impacts with those of alternative energy options. Recommendations for future research are given.

Bachrach, A.

1978-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Remote Detection of Quaternary Borate Deposits with ASTER Satellite Imagery  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Remote Detection of Quaternary Borate Deposits with ASTER Satellite Imagery Remote Detection of Quaternary Borate Deposits with ASTER Satellite Imagery as a Geothermal Exploration Tool Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Remote Detection of Quaternary Borate Deposits with ASTER Satellite Imagery as a Geothermal Exploration Tool Abstract In the Great Basin of the western United States, geothermal fluids are sometimes associated with surface crusts of borate evaporite minerals. These borates can therefore potentially serve as a geothermal exploration tool if they can be efficiently identified and mapped in the field. We demonstrate the effectiveness of using a field-portable ASD Fieldspec® spectroradiometer, and satellite-based Advanced Spaceborne Thermal and Emitted Reflectance Radiometer (ASTER) imagery for mapping borate minerals

487

The use of satellite-based technology in developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Satellite technology in the areas of remote sensing, communication, and navigation can provide valuable information in a number of areas from business to disaster management to agriculture. There is great potential for ...

Wood, Danielle Renee

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Satellite-Observed Reflectance of Snow and Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of snow and cloud cover on bidirectional reflectance were examined using visible radiation (0.50.7 ?m) data measured by NOAA polar orbiting satellites between June 1974 and February 1978. Reflectances resulting from different cloud/...

Alan Robock; Dale Kaiser

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Combined Satellite- and Surface-Based Observations of Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method for combining satellite and surface-based cloud observations into a self-consistent three-dimensional field is presented. This method derives the probabilities of the cloud states, which are most consistent with all of the ...

Bryan C. Weare

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

An Interactive System for Compositing Digital Radar and Satellite Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes an approach for compositing digital radar data and GOES satellite data for meteorological analysis. The processing is performed on a user-oriented image processing system, and is designed to be used in the research mode. It ...

Gerald M. Heymsfield; Koushik K. Ghosh; Lily C. Chen

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Satellite-Inferred Morning-to-Evening Cloudiness Changes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Outgoing infrared radiation (IR) values inferred from radiance measurements in the water vapor window (10.512.5 ?m) taken at approximately 0900 and 2100 LT by scanning radiometers aboard the polar orbiting NOAA satellites are compared in order ...

David A. Short; John M. Wallace

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Remote Detection Of Quaternary Borate Deposits With Aster Satellite Imagery  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Of Quaternary Borate Deposits With Aster Satellite Imagery Of Quaternary Borate Deposits With Aster Satellite Imagery As A Geothermal Exploration Tool Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Remote Detection Of Quaternary Borate Deposits With Aster Satellite Imagery As A Geothermal Exploration Tool Details Activities (2) Areas (2) Regions (0) Abstract: Unavailable Author(s): C. Kratt, M. Coolbaugh, Wendy Calvin Published: GRC, 2006 Document Number: Unavailable DOI: Unavailable Multispectral Imaging At Rhodes Marsh Area (Kratt, Et Al., 2006) Multispectral Imaging At Teels Marsh Area (Kratt, Et Al., 2006) Rhodes Marsh Geothermal Area Teels Marsh Geothermal Area Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Remote_Detection_Of_Quaternary_Borate_Deposits_With_Aster_Satellite_Imagery_As_A_Geothermal_Exploration_Tool&oldid=389959

493

Interpreting Meteorological Satellite Images Using a Color-Composite Technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An image-display technique is described that simultaneously combines three meteorological satellite images into a color-image product. The technique reveals many features of meteorological interest. It is frequently noted that interpretations of ...

Robert P. d'Entremont; Larry W. Thomason

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Challenges to Satellite Sensors of Ocean Winds: Addressing Precipitation Effects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of global ocean surface winds made by orbiting satellite radars have provided valuable information to the oceanographic and meteorological communities since the launch of the Seasat in 1978, by the National Aeronautics and Space ...

D. E. Weissman; B. W. Stiles; S. M. Hristova-Veleva; D. G. Long; D. K. Smith; K. A. Hilburn; W. L. Jones

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Rain Estimation from Infrared and Visible GOES Satellite Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An automated statistical pattern recognition technique is presented that uses visible and IR satellite imagery to estimate instantaneous surface rainfall rates. The technique uses both brightness and textural statistics to estimate rainfall in 10 ...

Finbarr O'Sullivan; Carlyle H. Wash; Michael Stewart; Craig E. Motell

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

IIth AMS Conference on Satellite Meteorology and Oceanography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The American Meteorological Society (AMS) held its 11th Conference on Satellite Meteorology and Oceanography at the Monona Terrace Convention Center in Madison, Wisconsin, during 1518 October 2001. The purpose of the conference, typically held ...

Christopher Velden; Larry Digirolamo; Mary Glackin; Jeffrey Hawkins; Gary Jedlovec; Thomas Lee; Grant Petty; Robert Plante; Anthony Reale; John Zapotocny

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Anisotropy of Land Surface Skin Temperature Derived from Satellite Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The land skin temperature, an important feature for agricultural monitoring, convective processes, and the earths radiation budget, is monitored from limited-view satellite imagers. The angular dependence of this parameter is examined using ...

Patrick Minnis; Mandana M. Khaiyer

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Regular Monthly Mean Temperatures of Earth's Oceans from Satellites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Comparisons of satellite-derived monthly mean sea surface temperature anomalies with National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) ship-derived monthly mean sea surface temperature anomalies over the North Pacific Ocean reveal some encouraging ...

A. E. Strong; J. A. Pritchard

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

499