Sample records for km kilometers km

  1. Unscaled Scaled (% / km) Geographic Area /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    226 Unscaled Scaled (% / km) Geographic Area / Assessment Unit DI Prod. N(eq) Sum Total Cumu subbasin, Washington. Geographic Area / Assessment Unit IntegratedPriorityRestoration Category Habitat% (unscaled results) of the combined protection benefit for summer steelhead within the Methow basin, and 51

  2. KM3NeT - The Birth Of A Giant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Popa, V. [Institute for Space Sciences, Ro-077125, Bucharest-Magurele (Romania)

    2010-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    KM3NeT will be a very large volume (several cubic kilometers) neutrino telescope in the Mediterranean Sea. The up to date status of the project is presented, and the main physics goals are reviewed.

  3. Teleportation of entanglement over 143 km

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Herbst; Thomas Scheidl; Matthias Fink; Johannes Handsteiner; Bernhard Wittmann; Rupert Ursin; Anton Zeilinger

    2015-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

    As a direct consequence of the no-cloning theorem, the deterministic amplification as in classical communication is impossible for quantum states. This calls for more advanced techniques in a future global quantum network, e.g. for cloud quantum computing. A unique solution is the teleportation of an entangled state, i.e. entanglement swapping, representing the central resource to relay entanglement between distant nodes. Together with entanglement purification and a quantum memory it constitutes a so-called quantum repeater. Since the aforementioned building blocks have been individually demonstrated in laboratory setups only, the applicability of the required technology in real-world scenarios remained to be proven. Here we present a free-space entanglement-swapping experiment between the Canary Islands of La Palma and Tenerife, verifying the presence of quantum entanglement between two previously independent photons separated by 143 km. We obtained an expectation value for the entanglement-witness operator, more than 6 standard deviations beyond the classical limit. By consecutive generation of the two required photon pairs and space-like separation of the relevant measurement events, we also showed the feasibility of the swapping protocol in a long-distance scenario, where the independence of the nodes is highly demanded. Since our results already allow for efficient implementation of entanglement purification, we anticipate our assay to lay the ground for a fully-fledged quantum repeater over a realistic high-loss and even turbulent quantum channel.

  4. Daylight quantum key distribution over 1.6 km

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. T. Buttler; R. J. Hughes; S. K. Lamoreaux; G. L. Morgan; J. E. Nordholt; C. G. Peterson

    2000-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum key distribution (QKD) has been demonstrated over a point-to-point $\\sim1.6$-km atmospheric optical path in full daylight. This record transmission distance brings QKD a step closer to surface-to-satellite and other long-distance applications.

  5. An exact sequence for KM /2 with applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vishik, Alexander

    of characteristics zero. For a sequence a = (a1, . . . , an) of invertible elements of k consider the homomorphism KM the authors were members of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. We would like to thank both the small Pfister quadric or the norm quadric associated with the symbol a. Denote by k(Qa) the function

  6. Hypervelocity launch capabilities to over 10 km/s

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chhabildas, L.C.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Very high pressure and acceleration is necessary to launch flier plates to hypervelocities. In addition, the high pressure loading must be uniform, structured, and shockless, i.e., time-dependent to prevent the flier plate from either fracturing or melting. In this paper, a novel technique is described which allows the use of megabar level loading pressures, and 10{sup 9} g acceleration to launch intact flier plates to velocities of 12.2 km/s. 32 refs., 2 figs.

  7. A 233 km tunnel for lepton and hadron colliders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Summers, D. J.; Cremaldi, L. M.; Datta, A.; Duraisamy, M.; Luo, T.; Lyons, G. T. [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of Mississippi-Oxford, University, MS 38677 (United States)

    2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A decade ago, a cost analysis was conducted to bore a 233 km circumference Very Large Hadron Collider (VLHC) tunnel passing through Fermilab. Here we outline implementations of e{sup +}e{sup -}, pp-bar , and {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} collider rings in this tunnel using recent technological innovations. The 240 and 500 GeV e{sup +}e{sup -} colliders employ Crab Waist Crossings, ultra low emittance damped bunches, short vertical IP focal lengths, superconducting RF, and low coercivity, grain oriented silicon steel/concrete dipoles. Some details are also provided for a high luminosity 240 GeV e{sup +}e{sup -} collider and 1.75 TeV muon accelerator in a Fermilab site filler tunnel. The 40 TeV pp-bar collider uses the high intensity Fermilab p-bar source, exploits high cross sections for pp-bar production of high mass states, and uses 2 Tesla ultra low carbon steel/YBCO superconducting magnets run with liquid neon. The 35 TeV muon ring ramps the 2 Tesla superconducting magnets at 9 Hz every 0.4 seconds, uses 250 GV of superconducting RF to accelerate muons from 1.75 to 17.5 TeV in 63 orbits with 71% survival, and mitigates neutrino radiation with phase shifting, roller coaster motion in a FODO lattice.

  8. An exact sequence for KM* =2 with applications to quadratic forms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) of invertible elements of k consider the homomorphism KM*(k)=2 ! KM*+n(k)=2. In its present form the paper was written while the authors were members of the Institute for Advanced* * or the norm quadric associated with the symbol a_. Denote by k(Qa_) the function field of Qa_and by (Qa_)0

  9. Eleutherodactylus discoidalis BOLIVIA: Departamento Tarija: 12.3 km NW of Entre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castoe, Todd A.

    Eleutherodactylus discoidalis BOLIVIA: Departamento Tarija: 12.3 km NW of Entre Ri´os, on the road to Tarija, MNK-A 3877­97. Eleutherodactylus ibischi BOLIVIA: Departamento Santa Cruz: Km 68.5 on Santa Cruz- Samaipata road, MNK-A 6612. Eleutherodactylus zongoensis BOLIVIA: Departamento La Paz: Valle de Zongo, 1250

  10. E-Print Network 3.0 - afm-12 1-km avhrr Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    very high resolution radiometer Summary: instruments. 2. Data 8 To best match the 1 km spatial resolution of the MODIS data, AVHRR HRPT data is used... since it has a spatial...

  11. 960 x 932 km (576 x 559.2 miles) As big across as Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waliser, Duane E.

    of Liberty! 25143 Itokowa 0.54 x 0.27 x .21 km (0.324 x 0.162 x 0.126 miles) size of the Golden Gate Bridge

  12. Deactivation & Decommissioning Knowledge Management Information Tool (D&D KM-IT)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Deactivation and Decommissioning Knowledge Management Information Tool (D&D KM-IT) serves as a centralized repository providing a common interface for all D&D related activities.

  13. atmosphere 0-70 km: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ramps the 2 Tesla superconducting magnets at 9 Hz every 0.4 seconds, uses 250 GV of superconduct... Summers, D J; Datta, A; Duraisamy, M; Luo, T; Lyons, G T 2012-01-01 100 A 233 km...

  14. Comparison And Discussion Of The 6 Km Temperature Maps Of The...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Discussion Of The 6 Km Temperature Maps Of The Western Us Prepared By The Smu Geothermal Lab And The Usgs Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library...

  15. Large-scale (100s km) distributions of tuna larvae (family Scombridae), par-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    abundance and fecundity of T. albacares (yellowfin tuna) and K. pelamis (skipjack tuna) in the western. pelamis larvae. Other possible explanations, however, are that previous sampling scales of 100s km between waters (Miller, 1979), and Thunnus spp. and K. pelamis larvae were up to 100 times more concentrated

  16. ENERGY SPECTRUM OF PRIMARY COSMIC RAYS ABOVE 1017 OBTAINED USING AKENO 20 KM2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OG 6.3-3 ENERGY SPECTRUM OF PRIMARY COSMIC RAYS ABOVE 1017 EV OBTAINED USING AKENO 20 KM2 ARRAY M, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152, Japan . Institute of High Energy Physics, Academia Sinica these showers, 60 of them are initiated by primaries with energies larger than 1019 eV. The energy spectrum

  17. AN INTRODUCTION TO AUTONOMOUS CONTROL SYSTEMS P.J. Antsaklis, K.M. Passino

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antsaklis, Panos

    AN INTRODUCTION TO AUTONOMOUS CONTROL SYSTEMS P.J. Antsaklis, K.M. Passino Dept.of Electrical Pasadena,CA 91109 ABSTRACT An introduction to the area of intelligent autonomous hierarchical control is given. Autonomous control systemsarc designed to perform well under significant uncertainties

  18. Practical free-space quantum key distribution over 10 km in daylight and at night

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richard J. Hughes; Jane E. Nordholt; Derek Derkacs; Charles G. Peterson

    2002-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We have demonstrated quantum key distribution (QKD) over a 10-km, 1-airmass atmospheric range during daylight and at night. Secret random bit sequences of the quality required for the cryptographic keys used to initialize secure communications devices were transferred at practical rates with realistic security. By identifying the physical parameters that determine the system's secrecy efficiency, we infer that free-space QKD will be practical over much longer ranges under these and other atmospheric and instrumental conditions.

  19. Hydrodynamic simulations of a combined hydrogen, helium thermonuclear runaway on a 10-km neutron star

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Starrfield, S.; Kenyon, S.; Truran, J.W.; Sparks, W.M.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have used a Lagrangian, hydrodynamic stellar-evolution computer code to evolve a thermonuclear runaway in the accreted hydrogen rich envelope of a 1.0M, 10-km neutron star. Our simulation produced an outburst which lasted about 2000 sec and peak effective temperature was 3 keV. The peak luminosity exceeded 2 x 10/sup 5/ L. A shock wave caused a precursor in the light curve which lasted 10/sup -5/ sec.

  20. LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) October 11, 1996 Dummy first body page

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) October 11, 1996 page 0 Dummy first body page #12;LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) October 11, 1996 page 1 Place Time Name Group Group Place 1 9:35.6 Place Time Name Group Group Place #12;LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) October 11, 1996 page 2

  1. Quantum key distribution over 25 km with an all-fiber continuous-variable system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jerome Lodewyck; Matthieu Bloch; Raul Garcia-Patron; Simon Fossier; Evgueni Karpov; Eleni Diamanti; Thierry Debuisschert; Nicolas J. Cerf; Rosa Tualle-Brouri; Steven W. McLaughlin; Philippe Grangier

    2007-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the implementation of a reverse-reconciliated coherent-state continuous-variable quantum key distribution system, with which we generated secret keys at a rate of more than 2 kb/s over 25 km of optical fiber. Time multiplexing is used to transmit both the signal and phase reference in the same optical fiber. Our system includes all experimental aspects required for a field implementation of a quantum key distribution setup. Real-time reverse reconciliation is achieved by using fast and efficient LDPC error correcting codes.

  2. A 24 km fiber-based discretely signaled continuous variable quantum key distribution system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quyen Dinh Xuan; Zheshen Zhang; Paul L. Voss

    2009-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We report a continuous variable key distribution system that achieves a final secure key rate of 3.45 kb/sec over a distance of 24.2 km of optical fiber. The protocol uses discrete signaling and post-selection to improve reconciliation speed and quantifies security by means of quantum state tomography. Polarization multiplexing and a frequency translation scheme permit transmission of a continuous wave local oscillator and suppression of noise from guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering by more than 27 dB.

  3. Time-resolved particle velocity measurements at impact velocities of 10 km/s

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Furnish, M.D.; Chhabildas, L.C.; Reinhart, W.D.

    1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hypervelocity launch capabilities (9--16 km/s) with macroscopic plates have become available in recent years. It is now feasible to conduct instrumented plane-wave tests using this capability. Successfully conducting such tests requires a planar launch and impact at hypervelocities, appropriate triggering for recording systems, and time-resolved measurements of motion or stress at a particular point or set of points within the target or projectile during impact. The authors have conducted the first time-resolved wave-profile experiments using velocity interferometric techniques at impact velocities of 10 km/s. These measurements show that aluminum continues to exhibit normal release behavior to 161 GPa shock pressure, with complete loss of strength of the shocked state. These experiments have allowed a determination of shock-wave window transparency in conditions produced by a hypervelocity impact. In particular, lithium fluoride appears to lose transparency at a shock stress of 200 GPa; this appears to be the upper limit for conventional wave profile measurements using velocity interferometric techniques.

  4. Daymet: Daily Surface Weather Data on a 1-km Grid for North America, Version 2.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thornton, Peter E [ORNL; Thornton, Michele M [ORNL; Mayer, Benjamin W [ORNL; Wilhelmi, Nate [National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR); Wei, Yaxing [ORNL; Devarakonda, Ranjeet [ORNL; Cook, Robert B [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    More information: http://daymet.ornl.gov Presenter: Ranjeet Devarakonda Environmental Sciences Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Daymet: Daily Surface Weather Data and Climatological Summaries provides gridded estimates of daily weather parameters for North America, including daily continuous surfaces of minimum and maximum temperature, precipitation occurrence and amount, humidity, shortwave radiation, snow water equivalent, and day length. The current data product (Version 2) covers the period January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2013 [1]. The prior product (Version 1) only covered from 1980-2008. Data are available on a daily time step at a 1-km x 1-km spatial resolution in Lambert Conformal Conic projection with a spatial extent that covers the conterminous United States, Mexico, and Southern Canada as meteorological station density allows. Daymet data can be downloaded from 1) the ORNL Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC) search and order tools (http://daac.ornl.gov/cgi-bin/cart/add2cart.pl?add=1219) or directly from the DAAC FTP site (http://daac.ornl.gov/cgi-bin/dsviewer.pl?ds_id=1219) and 2) the Single Pixel Tool [2] and THREDDS (Thematic Real-time Environmental Data Services) Data Server [3]. The Single Pixel Data Extraction Tool allows users to enter a single geographic point by latitude and longitude in decimal degrees. A routine is executed that translates the (lon, lat) coordinates into projected Daymet (x,y) coordinates. These coordinates are used to access the Daymet database of daily-interpolated surface weather variables. Daily data from the nearest 1 km x 1 km Daymet grid cell are extracted from the database and formatted as a table with one column for each Daymet variable and one row for each day. All daily data for selected years are returned as a single (long) table, formatted for display in the browser window. At the top of this table is a link to the same data in a simple comma-separated text format, suitable for import into a spreadsheet or other data analysis software. The Single Pixel Data Extraction Tool also provides the option to download multiple coordinates programmatically. A multiple extractor script is freely available to download at http://daymet.ornl.gov/files/daymet.zip. The ORNL DAAC s THREDDS data server (TDS) provides customized visualization and access to Daymet time series of North American mosaics. Users can subset and download Daymet data via a variety of community standards, including OPeNDAP, NetCDF Subset service, and Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Web Map/Coverage Service. The ORNL DAAC TDS also exposes Daymet metadata through its ncISO service to facilitate harvesting Daymet metadata records into 3rd party catalogs. References: [1] Thornton, P.E., M.M. Thornton, B.W. Mayer, N. Wilhelmi, Y. Wei, R. Devarakonda, and R.B. Cook. 2014. Daymet: Daily Surface Weather Data on a 1-km Grid for North America, Version 2. Data set. Available on-line [http://daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. [2] Devarakonda R., et al. 2012. Daymet: Single Pixel Data Extraction Tool. Available on-line [http://daymet.ornl.go/singlepixel.html]. [3] Wei Y., et al. 2014. Daymet: Thematic Real-time Environmental Data Services. Available on-line [http://daymet.ornl.gov/thredds_tiles.html].

  5. LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) September 22, 1995 Dummy first body page

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) September 22, 1995 page 0 Dummy first body page #12;LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) September 22, 1995 page 1 Place Time Name Group Group Place 1 9:52.4 Ken:59.7 Derek DeBusschere mi

  6. LBL RUNAROUND 3.00km (1.865mi) September 13, 1985 page 1 Place Time Name Group Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LBL RUNAROUND 3.00km (1.865mi) September 13, 1985 page 1 Place Time Name Group Group Place 1 10 course record #12;LBL RUNAROUND 3.00km (1.865mi) September 13, 1985 page 2 Place Time Name Group Group-49 19 100 14:03.5 Joshua W. Burton mi) September 13, 1985 page 3

  7. LBL RUNAROUND 3.00 km (1.865 mi) September 19, 1986 page 1 Place Time Name Group Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LBL RUNAROUND 3.00 km (1.865 mi) September 19, 1986 page 1 Place Time Name Group Group Place 1 10 12:53.1 Alan Comnes mi) September 19, 1986 page 2.00 km (1.865 mi) September 19, 1986 page 3 Place Time Name Group Group Place 109 14:30.9 Lutgard

  8. The thermal influence of the subducting slab beneath South America from 410 and 660 km discontinuity observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helffrich, George

    The thermal influence of the subducting slab beneath South America from 410 and 660 km of the depth of the 410 km discontinuity are made beneath central South America in the vicinity of the aseismic form 2000 April 28 SUMMARY Regional seismic network data from deep South American earthquakes

  9. Sensitivity and noise analysis of 4 km laser interferometric gravitational wave antennae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adhikari, Rana, 1974-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Around the world, efforts are underway to commission several kilometer-scale laser interferometers to detect gravitational radiation. In the United States, there are two collocated interferometers in Hanford, Washington ...

  10. Deep sea tests of a prototype of the KM3NeT digital optical module

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adrián-Martínez, S; Aharonian, F; Aiello, S; Albert, A; Ameli, F; Anassontzis, E G; Anghinolfi, M; Anton, G; Anvar, S; Ardid, M; de Asmundis, R; Band, H; Barbarino, G; Barbarito, E; Barbato, F; Baret, B; Baron, S; Belias, A; Berbee, E; Berg, A M van den; Berkien, A; Bertin, V; Beurthey, S; van Beveren, V; Beverini, N; Biagi, S; Bianucci, S; Billault, M; Birbas, A; Rookhuizen, H Boer; Bormuth, R; Bouche, V; Bouhadef, B; Bourlis, G; Bouwhuis, M; Bozza, C; Bruijn, R; Brunner, J; Cacopardo, G; Caillat, L; Calamai, M; Calvo, D; Capone, A; Caramete, L; Caruso, F; Cecchini, S; Ceres, A; Cereseto, R; Champion, C; Chateau, F; Chiarusi, T; Christopoulou, B; Circella, M; Classen, L; Cocimano, R; Colonges, S; Coniglione, R; Cosquer, A; Costa, M; Coyle, P; Creusot, A; Curtil, C; Cuttone, G; D'Amato, C; D'Amico, A; De Bonis, G; De Rosa, G; Deniskina, N; Destelle, J -J; Distefano, C; Donzaud, C; Dornic, D; Dorosti-Hasankiadeh, Q; Drakopoulou7, E; Drouhin, D; Drury, L; Durand, D; Eberl, T; Eleftheriadis, C; Elsaesser, D; Enzenhofer, A; Fermani, P; Fusco, L A; Gajana, D; Gal, T; Galata, S; Gallo, F; Garufi, F; Gebyehu, M; Giordano, V; Gizani, N; Ruiz, R Gracia; Graf, K; Grasso, R; Grella, G; Grmek, A; Habel, R; van Haren, H; Heid, T; Heijboer, A; Heine, E; Henry, S; Hernandez-Rey, J J; Herold, B; Hevinga, M A; van der Hoek, M; Hofestadt, J; Hogenbirk, J; Hugon, C; Hosl, J; Imbesi, M; James, C; Jansweijer, P; Jochum, J; de Jong, M; Kadler, M; Kalekin, O; Kappes, A; Kappos, E; Katz, U; Kavatsyuk, O; Keller, P; Kieft, G; Koffeman, E; Kok, H; Kooijman, P; Koopstra, J; Korporaal, A; Kouchner, A; Koutsoukos, S; Kreykenbohm, I; Kulikovskiy, V; Lahmann, R; Lamare, P; Larosa, G; Lattuada, D; Provost, H Le; Leisos, A; Lenis, D; Leonora, E; Clark, M Lindsey; Liolios, A; Alvarez, C D Llorens; Lohner, H; Presti, D Lo; Louis, F; Maccioni, E; Mannheim, K; Manolopoulos, K; Margiotta, A; Maris, O; Markou, C; Martinez-Mora, J A; Martini, A; Masullo, R; Michael, T; Migliozzi, P; Migneco, E; Miraglia, A; Mollo, C; Mongelli, M; Morganti, M; Mos, S; Moudden, Y; Musico, P; Musumeci, M; Nicolaou, C; Nicolau, C A; Orlando, A; Orzelli, A; Papageorgiou, K; Papaikonomou, A; Papaleo, R; Pavalas, G E; Peek, H; Pellegrino, C; Pellegriti, M G; Perrina, C; Petridou, C; Piattelli, P; Popa, V; Pradier, Th; Priede, M; Puhlhofer, G; Pulvirenti, S; Racca, C; Raffaelli, F; Randazzo, N; Rapidis, P A; Razis, P; Real, D; Resvanis, L; Reubelt, J; Riccobene, G; Rovelli, A; Royon, J; Saldana, M; Samtleben, D F E; Sanguineti, M; Santangelo, A; Sapienza, P; Savvidis, I; Schmelling, J; Schnabel, J; Sedita, M; Seitz, T; Sgura, I; Simeone, F; Siotis, I; Sipala, V; Solazzo, M; Spitaleri, A; Spurio, M; Steijger, J; Stolarczyk, T; Stransky, D; Taiuti, M; Terreni, G; Tezier, D; Theraube, S; Thompson, L F; Timmer, P; Trapierakis, H I; Trasatti, L; Trovato, A; Tselengidou, M; Tsirigotis, A; Tzamarias, S; Tzamariudaki, E; Vallage, B; Van Elewyck, V; Vermeulen, J; Vernin, P; Viola, S; Vivolo, D; Werneke, P; Wiggers, L; Wilms, J; de Wolf, E; van Wooning, R H L; Yatkin, K; Zachariadou, K; Zonca, E; Zornoza, J D; Zúñiga, J; Zwart, A

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first prototype of a photo-detection unit of the future KM3NeT neutrino telescope has been deployed in the deep waters of the Mediterranean Sea. This digital optical module has a novel design with a very large photocathode area segmented by the use of 31 three inch photomultiplier tubes. It has been integrated in the ANTARES detector for in-situ testing and validation. This paper reports on the first months of data taking and rate measurements. The analysis results highlight the capabilities of the new module design in terms of background suppression and signal recognition. The directionality of the optical module enables the recognition of multiple Cherenkov photons from the same $^{40}$K decay and the localization bioluminescent activity in the neighbourhood. The single unit can cleanly identify atmospheric muons and provide sensitivity to the muon arrival directions.

  11. Interpreting Energy and Tracer Spectra of Upper-Ocean Turbulence in the Submesoscale Range (1–200 km)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrari, Raffaele

    Submesoscale (1–200 km) wavenumber spectra of kinetic and potential energy and tracer variance are obtained from in situ observations in the Gulf Stream region and in the eastern subtropical North Pacific. In the Gulf ...

  12. Radiation damage of polyethylene exposed in the stratosphere at an altitude of 40 km

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kondyurin, Alexey; Bilek, Marcela

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE) films were exposed at an altitude of 40 km over a 3 day NASA stratospheric balloon mission from Alice Springs, Australia. The radiation damage, oxidation and nitration in the LDPE films exposed in stratosphere were measured using ESR, FTIR and XPS spectroscopy. The results were compared with those from samples stored on the ground and exposed in a laboratory plasma. The types of free radicals, unsaturated hydrocarbon groups, oxygen-containing and nitrogen-containing groups in LDPE film exposed in the stratosphere and at the Earth's surface are different. The radiation damage in films exposed in the stratosphere are observed in the entire film due to the penetration of high energy cosmic rays through their thickness, while the radiation damage in films exposed on the ground is caused by sunlight penetrating into only a thin surface layer. A similarly thin layer of the film is damaged by exposure to plasma due to the low energy of the plasma particles. The intensity of oxidation ...

  13. Practical Point-to-Point Free-Space Quantum Key Distribution over 1/2 KM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buttler, W.T.; Hughes, R.J.; Kwiat, P.G.; Lamoreaux, S.K.; Morgan, G.L.; Peterson, C.G.

    1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have demonstrated point-to-point single-photon quantum key distribution (QKD) over a free-space optical path of {approximately}475 m under daylight conditions. This represents an increase of >1,000 times farther than any reported point-to-point demonstration, and >6 times farther than the previous folded path daylight demonstration. We expect to extend the daylight range to 2 km or more within the next few months. A brief description of the system is given here. The QKD transmitter, a.k.a. ''Alice'' (Fig. 1), consists of three thermoelectrically cooled diode lasers, a single interference filter (IF), two optical attenuators, two linear polarizers, two non-polarization beam-splitters (BSs), and a 27x beam expander. The two data-lasers' (dim-lasers') wavelengths are temperature controlled and constrained by the IF to {approximately}773 {+-} 0.5 nm, while the transmitted wavelength of the bright-laser (timing-laser) is {approximately}768 nm; the data-lasers are configured to emit a weak pulse of approximately 1 ns duration. The transmitter incorporates no active polarization switching--a first in QKD.

  14. Free-Space distribution of entanglement and single photons over 144 km

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Ursin; F. Tiefenbacher; T. Schmitt-Manderbach; H. Weier; T. Scheidl; M. Lindenthal; B. Blauensteiner; T. Jennewein; J. Perdigues; P. Trojek; B. Oemer; M. Fuerst; M. Meyenburg; J. Rarity; Z. Sodnik; C. Barbieri; H. Weinfurter; A. Zeilinger

    2006-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum Entanglement is the essence of quantum physics and inspires fundamental questions about the principles of nature. Moreover it is also the basis for emerging technologies of quantum information processing such as quantum cryptography, quantum teleportation and quantum computation. Bell's discovery, that correlations measured on entangled quantum systems are at variance with a local realistic picture led to a flurry of experiments confirming the quantum predictions. However, it is still experimentally undecided whether quantum entanglement can survive global distances, as predicted by quantum theory. Here we report the violation of the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt (CHSH) inequality measured by two observers separated by 144 km between the Canary Islands of La Palma and Tenerife via an optical free-space link using the Optical Ground Station (OGS) of the European Space Agency (ESA). Furthermore we used the entangled pairs to generate a quantum cryptographic key under experimental conditions and constraints characteristic for a Space-to-ground experiment. The distance in our experiment exceeds all previous free-space experiments by more than one order of magnitude and exploits the limit for ground-based free-space communication; significantly longer distances can only be reached using air- or space-based platforms. The range achieved thereby demonstrates the feasibility of quantum communication in space, involving satellites or the International Space Station (ISS).

  15. Population Density Population density (persons per square kilometer) layers, for 1990

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Population Density Africa Population density (persons per square kilometer) layers, for 1990 the 12 population density classes. Source information: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/gpw/. ´ Robinson://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/place/ Publish Date: 03/13/07 0 1,000 km Population Density 2000 0 Persons \\ Sq.Km 0-2 Persons \\ Sq.Km 2

  16. Global coupling at 660 km is proposed to explain plate tectonics and the generation of the earth's magnetic field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jozsef Garai

    2007-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The presence of low viscosity layers in the mantle is supported by line of geological and geophysical observations. Recent high pressure and temperature investigations indicated that partial carbonate melt should exist at the bottom of the lithosphere and at 660 km. The presence of few percent carbonate melt reduces the viscosity by several order of magnitude. The globally existing 660 km very low viscosity layer allows the development of differential rotation between the upper and lower mantle. This differential rotation between the 660 km outer shell and the rest of the earth offers a plausible explanation for plate tectonics and for the generation of the earth's magnetic field. Simple dynamo model is proposed, which able to reproduce all of the features of the contemporary and, within reasonable uncertainty, the paleomagnetic field. The model is also consistent with geological and geophysical observations.

  17. LBNL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) October 10, 2003 TOP GROUP STANDINGS FOR 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LBNL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) October 10, 2003 page 1 TOP GROUP STANDINGS FOR 2003 , Anton not LBNL 7 11:18.8 Singer, Brett C 30-39 men 3 8 11:20.2 Yegian, Derek 30-39 men 4 9 11:20.4 Nihei 45 13:26.9 card not turned in 46 13:27.4 Elliott, James B 30-39 men 18 #12;LBNL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3

  18. 552 THE WILSON BULLETIN l Vol. 104, No. 3, September1992 On 21 July 1990, I found a second nest of similar construction, approximately 1 km to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hurd, Peter L.

    of similar construction, approximately 1 km to the NW. It was located on a tree fern (Cyathea sp., ca 8.8 cm

  19. Kinetics of fuel particle weathering and {sup 90}Sr mobility in the Chernobyl 30-km exclusion zone

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kashparov, V.A.; Zvarich, S.I.; Protsak, V.P.; Levchuk, S.E. [Ukrainian Inst. of Agricultural Radiology, Kiev (Ukraine); Oughton, D.H. [NLH, Aas (Norway). Lab. for Analytical Chemistry

    1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Weathering of fuel particles and the subsequent leaching of radionuclides causes {sup 90}Sr mobility in Chernobyl soils to increase with time after disposition. Studies of {sup 90}Sr speciation in soils collected in 1995 and 1996 from the Chernobyl 30-km exclusion zone have been used to calculate rates of fuel particles dissolution under natural environmental conditions. Results show that the velocity of fuel particle dissolution is primarily dependent on the physico-chemical characteristics of the particles and partially dependent on soil acidity. Compared to other areas, the fuel particle dissolution rate is significantly lower in the contaminated areas to the west of the Chernobyl reactor where deposited particles were presumably not oxidized prior to release. The data have been used to derive mathematical models that describe the rate of radionuclide leaching from fuel particles in the exclusion zone and changes in soil-to-plant transfer as a function of particle type and soil pH.

  20. Neutrino Induced Upward Going Muons from a Gamma Ray Burst in a Neutrino Telescope of Km^2 Area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nayantara Gupta

    2002-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The number of neutrino induced upward going muons from a single Gamma Ray Burst (GRB) expected to be detected by the proposed kilometer scale IceCube detector at the South Pole location has been calculated. The effects of the Lorentz factor, total energy of the GRB emitted in neutrinos and its distance from the observer (red shift) on the number of neutrino events from the GRB have been examined. The present investigation reveals that there is possibility of exploring the early Universe with the proposed kilometer scale IceCube neutrino telescope.

  1. Extension of the operating parameters of the two stage light gas gun to velocities below 2 km/sec.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thoe, R S

    2007-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Facility (JASPER) located in area 27 at the Nevada Test Site Has been tasked with providing high accuracy information on the Equation Of State (EOS) and other dynamic properties of weapons grade plutonium and other actinides important to the stockpile stewardship program. In the past 5 years this facility has provided dozens of experimental data points for the accurate determination of pressure density relationship for these materials over a broad pressure range. In order to complete this survey it is necessary to extend the low pressure region to include projectile velocities below 2 km/s. For most gas gun facilities this would present not too great a difficulty, one could simply decrease the amount of propellant along with a decrease in the strength of the petal valve, However JASPER requires that the piston be securely embedded in the Acceleration Reservoir (AR) as part of the containment system. The projectile must remain flat and undistorted. This requirement makes the attainment of slow velocities problematic. This talk will discuss the JASPER Facility, A finite difference code developed to give predictive capability for two stage gas guns, and a set of experiments performed to demonstrate this capability.

  2. Expedition to the 30-km Chernobyl Exclusion Zone and the Utilization of its Experience in Education and Communication

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aszodi, Attila; Yamaji, Bogdan [Institute of Nuclear Techniques, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, 1521 Budapest (Hungary); Silye, Judit [Hungarian Atomic Energy Authority, Nuclear Safety Directorate, H-1539 Budapest, P.O. Box 676 (Hungary); Pazmandi, Tamas [KFKI Atomic Energy Research Institute, H-1525 Budapest 114, P.O.B. 49. (Hungary)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Between May 28 - June 4, 2005, under the organization of the Hungarian Nuclear Society (HNS) and the Hungarian Young Generation Network (HYGN) - which operates within the framework of the HNS - a scientific expedition visited the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant and the surrounding exclusion zone. The participants were young Hungarian nuclear professionals supervised by more experienced experts. The main scientific goals of the expedition were the followings: Get personal experiences in a direct way about the current status of the Chernobyl Power Plant and its surroundings, the contamination of the environment and about the doses. Gather information about the state of the shut down power plant and the shelter built above the damaged 4. unit. Training of young nuclear experts by performing on site measurements. The Hungarian expedition successfully achieved its objectives by performing wide-range of environmental and dosimetric measurements and collecting numerous biological and soil samples. Within the 30-km exclusion zone the influence of the accident occurred 20 years ago still could be measured clearly; however the level of the radioactivity is manageable in most places. The dosimetric measurements showed that no considerable exposure occurred among the members of the expedition. The analysis of samples has been started at the International Chernobyl Center in Slavutich. During the expedition not only environmental sampling and in-situ measurements were carried out but it was also well documented with photos and video recordings for educational, training and PR purposes. A documentary TV film was recorded during the expedition. The first-hand knowledge acquired during the expedition helps the authentic communication of the accident and its present-day consequences, which is especially important in 2006, 20 years after the Chernobyl accident. Since Ukraine and Hungary are neighbor countries the media constantly discuss the accident, the consequences and the risks of using nuclear energy. In addition in November 2005 Hungary's parliament approved plans to extend the lifetime of the country's four-unit nuclear power plant. In order to have the crucial public support for nuclear energy it is very important to dispel unrealistic dismay and misbelieves regarding these questions. Thus it is extremely beneficial to have a film on this topic created by nuclear professionals especially for the public audience. In 2005 a book on the Chernobyl accident was published in Hungary that covers this expedition in a full chapter [2]. We plan to present the film to the audience of the conference. (authors)

  3. ShoreZone in the Arctic 8,000 km of Coastal Habitat Mapping Cathy Coon, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, catherine.coon@boem.gov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deadhorse Kotzebue Sound BOEM North Slope Imagery - 1,900 km BOEM North Slope Shore Stations National Park a continental-scale characterization of the arctic shoreline and support planning efforts related to oils spills Krusenstern, north of Kotzebue #12;Point Lay Wales Kotzebue Wainwright Cape Lisburne Kaktovik BARROW Point

  4. PSR B0329+54: Substructure in the scatter-broadened image discovered with RadioAstron on baselines of up to 235,000 km

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Popov, M V; Bartel, N; Gwinn, C R; Johnson, M D; Joshi, B C; Kardashev, N S; Karuppusamy, R; Kovalev, Y Y; Kramer, M; Rudnitskii, A G; Safutdinov, E R; Shishov, V I; Smirnova, T V; Soglasnov, V A; Zensus, J A; Zhuravlev, V I

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We studied scattering properties of the pulsar PSR B0329+54 with a ground-space radio interferometer RadioAstron which included the 10-m Space Radio Telescope, the 110-m Green Bank Telescope, the 14x25-m Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope, and the 64-m Kalyazin Radio Telescope. The observations were performed at 324 MHz on baselines of up to 235,000 km in November 2012 and January 2014. At short ground-space baselines of less than about 20,000 km, the visibility amplitude decreases with the projected baseline length, providing a direct measurement of the diameter of the scattering disk of 4.7$\\pm$0.9 mas. The size of the diffraction spot near Earth is 15,000$\\pm$3,000 km. At longer baselines of up to 235,000 km, where no interferometric detection of the scattering disk would be expected, significant visibilities were observed with amplitudes scattered around a constant value. These detections result in a discovery of a substructure in the completely resolved scatter-broadened image of the pointlike source, ...

  5. The `Skyline' Distance 46km

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    swooping singletrack threading through beautiful forest to exposed rocky doubletrack on wide open hills-track ascent as White's Level and continuing on long, forest road climbs with sweet, flowing technical eto, byddwch yn barod. ynyGoedwig-intheForest Afan mountainbiking beiciomynydd Am wybodaeth bellach

  6. xu-km-99.PDF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 Industrial Carbon CaptureFY08Intermittent3,19963xinyufu Ames Laboratory

  7. MecE 390 Problem Set 9 (Fall 2014) SOLUTIONS (i) A disgruntled golfer hits a small stone into a 14.3 km/h headwind. The stone's acceleration can be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, Morris R.

    acceleration, Uwind is the wind speed, Cd = 0.042 is a drag coefficient and u and v denote, respectively turbulence. We assume a constant head- wind speed of 14.3 km/h, but in actual fact, the wind speed is known perturbations to both the horizontal and vertical wind velocities. · We assume a constant value for the drag

  8. COTTON WEED MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS WITH IGNITE. P. A. Dotray, T. A. Baughman, K.M McCormick, and J. W. Keeling. Texas Tech University, Lubbock; Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, Lubbock;

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    COTTON WEED MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS WITH IGNITE. P. A. Dotray, T. A. Baughman, K.M McCormick, and J. WLink cotton will be an option for growers in 2004. Ignite is a postemergence herbicide that has broad that has limited systemic movement in plants. Previous studies have shown that cotton tolerance to Ignite

  9. Temperature (oC)! Height(km)!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and forecasting ! ·Temperature decreases in altitude + water vapor > instabilities can develop ·Well mixed + O2 + M = O3 + M to proceed. It is M here that transfers the excess energy to the surrounding created and transported to high latitudes PSCs form in cold, dark, polar lower stratosphere PSCs process

  10. KM_C654e-20150324133840

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfraredJeffersonJonathan Pershingrelocates 18-ton machine | Nationalm

  11. A correlated K-distribution model of the heating rates for H[sub 2]O and a molecular mixture in the 0-2500 cm[sup [minus]1] wavelength region in the atmosphere between 0 and 60 km

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grossman, A S; Grant, K E

    1992-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    For this report a prototype infrared radiative transfer model using a correlated k-distribution technique to calculate the transmission between atmospheric levels has been used to calculate the radiative fluxes and heating rates for H[sub 2]O and a mixture of the major molecular absorbers in the atmosphere between 0 and 60 km. The mixture consists of H[sub 2]O, CO[sub 2], O[sub 3], CH[sub 4], and N[sub 2]O. The wave number range considered is 0-2500 cm[sup [minus]1]. The use of the k-distribution method allows 25 cm[sup [minus]1] wave number bins to produce fluxes and heating rates which are within ten percent of the results of detailed line by line calculations.

  12. meter:alittlelonger kilometer:alittlemore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yard Meter meter:alittlelonger thanayard mile kilometer kilometer:alittlemore thanhalfamile gramM1000000 gigaG1000000000 COMMONPREFIXES 1 8765432 9 161514131211101 8765432 9 16151413121110 cm Yard Meter meter:alittlelonger thanayard mile kilometer kilometer:alittlemore thanhalfamile gram

  13. DIRECT IMAGING OF QUASI-PERIODIC FAST PROPAGATING WAVES OF {approx}2000 km s{sup -1} IN THE LOW SOLAR CORONA BY THE SOLAR DYNAMICS OBSERVATORY ATMOSPHERIC IMAGING ASSEMBLY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu Wei; Title, Alan M.; Schrijver, Carolus J.; Aschwanden, Markus J.; De Pontieu, Bart; Tarbell, Theodore D. [Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, Building 252, 3251 Hanover Street, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States); Zhao Junwei [W. W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Ofman, Leon [Catholic University of America and NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 671, 8800 Greenbelt Road, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

    2011-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Quasi-periodic propagating fast mode magnetosonic waves in the solar corona were difficult to observe in the past due to relatively low instrument cadences. We report here evidence of such waves directly imaged in EUV by the new Atmospheric Imaging Assembly instrument on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory. In the 2010 August 1 C3.2 flare/coronal mass ejection event, we find arc-shaped wave trains of 1%-5% intensity variations (lifetime {approx}200 s) that emanate near the flare kernel and propagate outward up to {approx}400 Mm along a funnel of coronal loops. Sinusoidal fits to a typical wave train indicate a phase velocity of 2200 {+-} 130 km s{sup -1}. Similar waves propagating in opposite directions are observed in closed loops between two flare ribbons. In the k-{omega} diagram of the Fourier wave power, we find a bright ridge that represents the dispersion relation and can be well fitted with a straight line passing through the origin. This k-{omega} ridge shows a broad frequency distribution with power peaks at 5.5, 14.5, and 25.1 mHz. The strongest signal at 5.5 mHz (period 181 s) temporally coincides with quasi-periodic pulsations of the flare, suggesting a common origin. The instantaneous wave energy flux of (0.1-2.6) x 10{sup 7} erg cm{sup -2} s{sup -1} estimated at the coronal base is comparable to the steady-state heating requirement of active region loops.

  14. THE ACCIMA PROJECT COUPLED MODELING OF THE HIGH SOUTHERN LATITUDES K.M. Hines1* , D.H. Bromwich1,2, L.-S. Bai1, J.P. Nicolas1,2, D.M. Holland3, J.M. Klinck4, M. Dinniman4, C. Yoo3, and E.P. Gerber3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howat, Ian M.

    THE ACCIMA PROJECT ­ COUPLED MODELING OF THE HIGH SOUTHERN LATITUDES K.M. Hines1* , D.H. Bromwich1 including surface and bottom layer formulations; as well as procedures for data assimilation. Numerical balance of the Antarctic ice sheet is critical for projecting global sea-level change. Also, Antarctica

  15. Power Challenges of Large Scale Research Infrastructures: the Square Kilometer Array and Solar Energy Integration; Towards a zero-carbon footprint next generation telescope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbosa, Domingos; Ruiz, Valeriano; Silva, Manuel; Verdes-Montenegro, Lourdes; Santander-Vela, Juande; Maia, Dalmiro; Antón, Sonia; van Ardenne, Arnold; Vetter, Matthias; Kramer, Michael; Keller, Reinhard; Pereira, Nuno; Silva, Vitor

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Square Kilometer Array (SKA) will be the largest Global science project of the next two decades. It will encompass a sensor network dedicated to radioastronomy, covering two continents. It will be constructed in remote areas of South Africa and Australia, spreading over 3000Km, in high solar irradiance latitudes. Solar Power supply is therefore an option to power supply the SKA and contribute to a zero carbon footprint next generation telescope. Here we outline the major characteristics of the SKA and some innovation approaches on thermal solar energy Integration with SKA prototypes.

  16. Daylight quantum key distribution over 1.6 km

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buttler, W T; Lamoreaux, S K; Morgan, G L; Nordholt, J E; Peterson, C G

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum key distribution (QKD) has been demonstrated over a point-to-point transmission distance brings QKD a step closer to surface-to-satellite and other long-distance applications.

  17. ELECTROMAGNETIC CONSTRUCTION OF A 1 KM-RADIUS RADIATION SHIELD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the light of recent studies on bootstrapped lunar solar-electric power plants, mass drivers, and autonomous-drivers, (g) teleoperation of lunar and orbital facilities, (h) orbital assembly of lunar-derived solar power presence beyond Earth is limited to a very few government employees and robots who are sent up, entirely

  18. Accelerated Aging Effects on Kevlar KM2 Fiber Survivability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Tony

    2013-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Kevlar materials offer excellent tensile and thermal properties but can rapidly degrade under exposure to hot and humid environmental conditions. Currently Kevlar fiber's survival probability comes from a single filament test. Unfortunately...

  19. Microsoft Word - China_10km_solar_documentation.doc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 -Energieprojekte GmbH Jump to:Michigan: EnergyChina Final Report for a Country

  20. Microsoft Word - Ethiopia_10km_solar_country_report.doc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 -Energieprojekte GmbH Jump to:Michigan: EnergyChina Final Report for a

  1. Microsoft Word - Ghana_10km_solar_country_report.doc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 -Energieprojekte GmbH Jump to:Michigan: EnergyChina Final Report for aof Solar

  2. Microsoft Word - Kenya_10km_solar_country_report.doc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 -Energieprojekte GmbH Jump to:Michigan: EnergyChina Final Report for aof SolarKenya

  3. Microsoft Word - Nepal_10km_solar_country_report.doc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 -Energieprojekte GmbH Jump to:Michigan: EnergyChina Final Report for aofNepal Final

  4. Status of aeromagnetic survey coverage of Yucca Mountain and vicinity to a radius of about 140 kilometers, southwestern Nevada and southeastern California, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sikora, R.F.; Ponce, D.A.; Oliver, H.W.

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Fifty aeromagnetic surveys in the southwestern part of Nevada and the southeastern part of California have been evaluated to assess the quality and coverage of aeromagnetic data within 140 kilometers (km) of a potential nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. The compilation shows that all the study area is covered by aeromagnetic surveys, but in some areas, particularly in the Death Valley region, new surveys flown with closer flight line spacing and lower elevations than the existing coverage are needed. In addition, the California part of the study area needs to be analytically continued downward to 305 meters (m) above ground level to provide a consistent data set for interpretation of subsurface geologic structures.

  5. Advanced accelerator simulation research: miniaturizing accelerators from kilometers to meters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

    Advanced accelerator simulation research: miniaturizing accelerators from kilometers to meters W: Advanced accelerator research is aimed at finding new technologies that can dramatically reduce the size and cost of future high-energy accelerators. Supercomputing is already playing a dramatic and critical role

  6. High Energy Neutrino Astronomy: Towards Kilometer-Scale Detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Halzen

    2001-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Of all high-energy particles, only neutrinos can directly convey astronomical information from the edge of the universe---and from deep inside the most cataclysmic high-energy processes. Copiously produced in high-energy collisions, travelling at the velocity of light, and not deflected by magnetic fields, neutrinos meet the basic requirements for astronomy. Their unique advantage arises from a fundamental property: they are affected only by the weakest of nature's forces (but for gravity) and are therefore essentially unabsorbed as they travel cosmological distances between their origin and us. Many of the outstanding mysteries of astrophysics may be hidden from our sight at all wavelengths of the electromagnetic spectrum because of absorption by matter and radiation between us and the source. For example, the hot dense regions that form the central engines of stars and galaxies are opaque to photons. In other cases, such as supernova remnants, gamma ray bursters, and active galaxies, all of which may involve compact objects or black holes at their cores, the precise origin of the high-energy photons emerging from their surface regions is uncertain. Therefore, data obtained through a variety of observational windows---and especially through direct observations with neutrinos---may be of cardinal importance. In this talk, the scientific goals of high energy neutrino astronomy and the technical aspects of water and ice Cherenkov detectors are examined, and future experimental possibilities, including a kilometer-square deep ice neutrino telescope, are explored.

  7. Memo: Estimates of hydrology in small (<80 km2 urbanized watersheds under dry weather and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Johnson, 2004; Hetzel, 2007). The Bay Area Storm Water Management Agencies (BASMAA) that hold National management practices (BMPs) to achieve load reduction and demonstrate at the end of 20 years (2025 Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits have been asked to increase effort and implement best

  8. Net Carbon Flux from US Croplands at 1km2 Resolution.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -resolution projections of feedstock production in analyses of soil carbon change, soil erosion, energy use, net carbon, soil erosion, energy use, net greenhouse gas emissions, and nutrient loading are simulated using greenhouse gas emissions, and water quality/nutrient loading. ORNL research evaluating the changes in soil

  9. Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Columns: 735Number of Rows: 949Pixel Resolution (m): 1000Data Type: integer Spatial Reference Information (End) ** Data and Resources Download DataZIP Download Data...

  10. Respect for nature at 200 km/h? Rally driving in Scotland and environmental responsibility 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mabon, Leslie James

    2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores how rally drivers in Scotland perceive environmental issues and the environments through which they drive. The overarching aim behind this is to think about a group of people who may be more hostile ...

  11. sees and integrates the `footprint' of a relatively large area (often 1 km2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    to respond to extra nitrogen with increased carbon sequestration is not near saturation. However, a note are that the carbon balances of both natural and managed forests vary considerably during the lifetime of a forest -- that is, carbon balance -- and the deposition of nitrogen. Their analysis captures

  12. Improved lower bounds for the 2-page crossing numbers of Km,n ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Oct 18, 2011 ... Let G be a graph with p vertices, and let L be its Laplacian matrix. .... SDPT3 [35, 37] under Matlab 7 together with the Matlab package YALMIP ...

  13. Telecom Implementation In The first long range link testing (34 KM) was done in 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lien, Jyh-Ming

    Solar Charge Controllers 7 · 5 40 Amp rated Solar Charge Controllers 4 · 6 400W Air-403 Wind Generators Kerosene Generator 1 #12;Wind Generator #12;Server room at Pokhara #12;Backup Batteries #12;Porters

  14. 1000 2000 3000 4000 x [km] -150 -100 -50 0 50 100 150

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Experiments with Magnetoacoustic Waves in the Solar Atmosphere C. Nutto1, O. Steiner1, W. Schaffenberger2, M as they move through the atmosphere, they show a si- milar behavior. At the equipartition depth where the sound is identical for each panel, it can be clearly seen that the transmission coefficient declines with increasing

  15. Results1981 LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 1.87 mi= 3.01 km Sept 24, 1981

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clelland M 3 3 MMRD 3 4 11:54.7 Tom Hayhurst M 3 4 MMRD 3 5 11:57 George F. Smoot M 3 5 PCSMD Astrophyslcs 3 6 11:59.7 Stephen Derenzo M 3 6 BMD Research Medicine 3 7 12:00.1 Craig Ogata M 3 7 LCB 3 8 12 6 1 BMD 6 5 12:44.0 Juliann Sturla F 4 NSD 6 6 12:44.5 Michael Obrien M 6 2 ETSDRTSG 6 7 12:47 Tom

  16. Results1983 LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.865 mi) Sept. 23, 1983

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NAME GROUP PLACE PLACE TIME NAME GROUP PLACE 1 9:21.9 Fletcher Miller Tom Trippe 40 40-49 1 8 2 4 11:45.8 Stephen Derenzo 40-49 3 9 1 13:28.7 Dave Fortney 30-39 2 1 2 5 11:47.2 Harry:45.7 Tom Morgan 30-39 2 5 3 9 12:04.7 W. Nazaroff

  17. Solar: monthly latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution for...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used...

  18. Cytosolic High Km 5 -Nucleotidase and 5 (3 )-Deoxyribonucleotidase in Substrate Cycles Involved in Nucleotide Metabolism*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bianchi, Vera

    in Nucleotide Metabolism* Received for publication, August 21, 2000, and in revised form, November 14, 2000 that the hkm-NT is not involved in the regulation of deoxyribo- nucleotide pools but affects IMP and GTP pools. dNT-1, instead, appears to be the catabolic arm of substrate cycles regulating pyrimidine nucleotide

  19. Results1980 LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 1.87mi-3.01km SEPT 12, 1980

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M 3 EED Solar 4 10:04.6 Steve Shaffer M 4 MMRD 5 10:10 Greg Hirsch M 5 MMRD 6 10:30 Mark Levinson M 3 12:27 No name on stick 4 4 12:28 Phil Nelson M 4 1 ESD 4 5 12:30 Charles K Birdsall M 4 2 EECS

  20. Comparison And Discussion Of The 6 Km Temperature Maps Of The Western Us

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:EnergyWisconsin: Energy,(EC-LEDS)ColumbusDHeat Ltd United

  1. Microsoft Word - 802.11i Rec Practices _KM-BL final edit ver 10_.doc

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F S i DOE Tribal Leader HOWARD GRUENSPECHTSecuring WLANs using

  2. Precise half-life measurement of the superallowed beta(+) emitter (38)K(m)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ball, G. C.; Boisvert, G.; Bricault, P.; Churchman, R.; Dombsky, M.; Lindner, T.; Macdonald, J. A.; Vandervoort, E.; Bishop, S.; D'Auria, J. M.; Hardy, John C.; Iacob, V. E.; Leslie, J. R.; Mak, H. -B.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Chemistry, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada V5A 1S6 J. C. Hardy and V. E. Iacob Cyclotron Institute at Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA J. R. Leslie and H.-B. Mak Department of Physics, Queen?s University...

  3. Microsoft Word - Sri_Lanka_10km_solar_country_report.doc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 -Energieprojekte GmbH Jump to:Michigan: EnergyChina Final Report for aofNepal

  4. Solar: monthly latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution for Bangladesh

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty Ltd Jump to:Information Silver PeakSystems JumpPermitting Standardsfrom

  5. I?raak Nuke, NXOO Leaa Km&l, NY00

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou$ EGcG ENERGYELIkNATIONHEALXH: l ._I * .z-y:c* -i7!W.

  6. Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km resolution

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperative JumpWilliamson County,Bay, OR) JumpPhoto from AlstomHome > Windfor

  7. Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km resolution

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperative JumpWilliamson County,Bay, OR) JumpPhoto from AlstomHome > Windforfor

  8. Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km resolution

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperative JumpWilliamson County,Bay, OR) JumpPhoto from AlstomHome >

  9. Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km resolution

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperative JumpWilliamson County,Bay, OR) JumpPhoto from AlstomHome >for Ghana

  10. Wind: wind power density maps at 50 m above ground and 1km resolution for

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperative JumpWilliamson County,Bay, OR) JumpPhoto from AlstomHome >forCuba

  11. Wind: wind power density maps at 50 m above ground and 1km resolution for

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperative JumpWilliamson County,Bay, OR) JumpPhoto from AlstomHome

  12. Wind: wind power density maps at 50m above ground and 1km resolution for

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperative JumpWilliamson County,Bay, OR) JumpPhoto from AlstomHomeSri Lanka

  13. Wind: wind power density maps at 50m above ground and 1km resolution for

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperative JumpWilliamson County,Bay, OR) JumpPhoto from AlstomHomeSri LankaGhana

  14. File:NREL-afg-10km-dir.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublicIDAPowerPlantSitingConstruction.pdf JumpApschem.pdfMarcelluswatermgmt.pdf Jump to:BioMap.pdf Jump

  15. File:NREL-afg-10km-glo.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublicIDAPowerPlantSitingConstruction.pdf JumpApschem.pdfMarcelluswatermgmt.pdf Jump to:BioMap.pdf Jumpglo.pdf Jump

  16. File:NREL-afg-10km-tilt.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublicIDAPowerPlantSitingConstruction.pdf JumpApschem.pdfMarcelluswatermgmt.pdf Jump to:BioMap.pdf Jumpglo.pdf

  17. Single-Column Modeling D. A. Randall and K.-M. Xu Colorado State University

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systemsBi (2)Sharing Smart GridShiftMethodSimwYpes(tm)Single

  18. Wind: wind power density maps at 50m above ground and 1km resolution...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    density for Ghana. (Purpose):HTMLREMOVEDHTMLREMOVEDTo provide information on the wind resource potential in Ghana. Data and Resources Download MapsZIP Download Maps More...

  19. Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    IMAGEGRID command. (Purpose):HTMLREMOVEDHTMLREMOVEDTo provide information on the wind resource potential in Cuba. Values range from 0 to 547. (Supplemental Information):...

  20. Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    file, 50 m wind power density for eastern China. (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential in eastern China. Values range from 0 to 3079 Wm2. (Supplemental...

  1. Wind: wind power density maps at 50 m above ground and 1km resolution...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    density for Cuba. (Purpose):HTMLREMOVEDHTMLREMOVEDTo provide information on the wind resource potential in Cuba. Data and Resources Download MapsZIP Download Maps More...

  2. Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    for Central America (Purpose):HTMLREMOVEDHTMLREMOVEDTo provide information on the wind resource potential within the following countries in Central America: Belize, El...

  3. Wind: wind power density maps at 50m above ground and 1km resolution...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Central America. (Purpose):HTMLREMOVEDHTMLREMOVEDTo provide information on the wind resource potential within the following countries in Central America: Belize, El...

  4. Wind: wind power density maps at 50 m above ground and 1km resolution...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    PDF maps of Eastern China wind mapping. (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential in eastern China. Includes maps of full mapping region, and 15...

  5. Johnson(-like)-Noise-Kirchhoff-Loop Based Secure Classical Communicator Characteristics, for Ranges of Two to Two Thousand Kilometers, via Model-Line

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert Mingesz; Zoltan Gingl; Laszlo B. Kish

    2012-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A pair of Kirchhoff-Loop-Johnson(-like)-Noise communicators, which is able to work over variable ranges, was designed and built. Tests have been carried out on a model-line performance characteristics were obtained for ranges beyond the ranges of any known direct quantum communication channel and they indicate unrivalled signal fidelity and security performance of the exchanged raw key bits. This simple device has single-wire secure key generation and sharing rates of 0.1, 1, 10, and 100 bit/second for corresponding copper wire diameters/ranges of 21 mm / 2000 km, 7 mm / 200 km, 2.3 mm / 20 km, and 0.7 mm / 2 km, respectively and it performs with 0.02% raw-bit error rate (99.98 % fidelity). The raw-bit security of this practical system significantly outperforms raw-bit quantum security. Current injection breaking tests show zero bit eavesdropping ability without triggering the alarm signal, therefore no multiple measurements are needed to build an error statistics to detect the eavesdropping as in quantum communication. Wire resistance based breaking tests of Bergou-Scheuer-Yariv type give an upper limit of eavesdropped raw bit ratio of 0.19 % and this limit is inversely proportional to the sixth power of cable diameter. Hao's breaking method yields zero (below measurement resolution) eavesdropping information.

  6. LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) September 13, 1991 Place Time Name Group Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    :10 Peter Schupp Phillips Armstrong 30-39 17 63 12:41 Dave Littlejohn 30-39 18 64 12:46 Michael Quinlan 30-39 19 65 12:47 Brian Adkins Armstrong 40-49 11 107 13:41 Martin Luk 40-49 12 108 13:42 Cynthia Hertzer

  7. LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 2.95 km (1.84 mi) September 16, 1988 Envelope Time Name Group Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    :45.7 Brian Moyer 40-49 not LBL 24 11:47.5 Guy Perkins Phillips :29.1 Carl Pennypacker 30-39 18 90 13:30.6 Worley Low 50-59 6 91 13:31.2 Phil Armstrong -39 21 102 13:46.3 Tony Leadon 30-39 22 103 13:46.8 Pam Coxson 30-39F 2 104 13:49.2 Mark Phillips 30

  8. LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) September 11, 1992 Place Time Name Group Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    :35.6 Guy Perkins 30-39 6 18 11:36.0 Chuck Greene 50-59 1 19 11:37.3 Dan Phillips Luk 40-49 13 71 13:19.2 Robert Armstrong 40-49 14 72 13:20.1 Hans P. Graenicher

  9. [Km 100 to 1000 mM (17)] and to S. cerevisiae hexose transporters' apparent affinity for glucose

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Severson, David

    to biofuel-producing strains of yeast (Fig. 3) over- comes a major bottleneck to fermentation of lignocellulosic feedstocks and probably will help to make cellulosic biofuels economically viable. References, Biocatalysis Biotransform. 27, 27 (2009). 17. M. Chauve et al., Biotechnol. Biofuels 3, 3 (2010). 18. K. A

  10. The operation involved two B3 helicopters using under slung buckets flying the 20 km from a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammerton, James

    on the island 24hrs and 7days after the final drop. Laboratory testing found no residue and the rahui was lifted a public seminar was also given to the Faroese Biologist and Ornithologist Societies, and a television

  11. LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) September 24, 1993 Place Time Name GroupGroup

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    22 12:16 Tony Huff Tom West 40-49 3 24 12:21 Craig Peters 40-49 4 25 12:22 Jeremy Lys:03 Ross Decker Stephen

  12. LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) September 14, 1990 Place Time Name Group Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­49 2 34 12:09.6 Leo Greiner Stephen Christie 30­39 9 36 12:11.7 Jean-Michel Nataf Stephen Derenzo 40­49 6 70 13:27.7 William Jagust 30­39 32 115 14:30.1 Tom Taylor 40­49 15 116 14:31.8 Jason Ross

  13. LBNL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) October 21, 2011 TOP GROUP STANDINGS FOR 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    13:29.1 Carlo Benedetti 30-39 men 19 57 13:31.2 Jim K Chiu 50-59 men 3 58 13:34.1 Andrew McNeil 30:42.4 Matthias W Reinsch 40-49 men 10 62 13:44.9 Andrew Canning 40-49 men 11 63 13:46.2 Nathan Patrick Craig men 20 64 13:53.1 Norman L Zhu 30-39 men 22 65 13:54.8 Vamsi K Vytla

  14. LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) October 10, 1997 Place Time Name Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    13:00.5 McCanne, Steven Christopher , Jens 30-39 28 63 13:18.8 Lewis, Keith 40-49 5 64 13:19.1 Chou, Peter

  15. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 0.2 0.4 Velocity (km/s) Poisson's Ratio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crone, Timothy J.

    with observations. This inconsistency will be corrected in future models, but does not affect the basic conclusions

  16. Mean vertical wind in the mesosphere-lower thermosphere region (80120 km) deduced from the WINDII observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    thermosphere. It is a remote-sensing instrument providing the hori- zontal wind components. In this study at the equator and tropics. Zonal Coriolis acceleration and adiabatic heating and cooling rate associated subsidence heating and adiabatic cool- ing. Thus the knowledge of meridional and vertical winds provides

  17. Multiphase Flow Metering: An Overview Manoj Kumar KM, Senior Scientist, Non-destructive Evaluation Lab, GE Global Research,

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment SurfacesResource ProgramModification andinterface1JUNInformation Resourcestokamak

  18. The Savannah River Site is a 803 km2 (310 square mile) industrial complex operated by the Department of Energy.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Georgia, University of

    and waste handling facilities were completed in only five years (1951-1956). Such a flurry of intensive or Stream Features Recorded · Flow obstructions such as active and abandoned levees, dams, and crossings · Reaches of severe entrenchment, instability, or sedimentation · Severe head cuts or erosion · Abandoned

  19. Science with the Square Kilometer Array: Motivation, Key Science Projects, Standards and Assumptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Carilli; S. Rawlings

    2004-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The Square Kilometer Array (SKA) represents the next major, and natural, step in radio astronomical facilities, providing two orders of magnitude increase in collecting area over existing telescopes. In a series of meetings, starting in Groningen, the Netherlands (August 2002) and culminating in a `science retreat' in Leiden (November 2003), the SKA International Science Advisory Committee (ISAC), conceived of, and carried-out, a complete revision of the SKA science case (to appear in New Astronomy Reviews). This preface includes: (i) general introductory material, (ii) summaries of the key science programs, and (iii) a detailed listing of standards and assumptions used in the revised science case.

  20. SANDIA REPORT SAND93-1076

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    cycles persecond Km kilometer, one thousand meters LAN local areanetwork LED light-emitting diode Mbps megabps, one million bits per second MHz megahertz, one million cycles per...

  1. Raman-assisted DPP-BOTDA sensor employing Simplex coding with sub-meter scale spatial resolution over 93 km standard SMF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thévenaz, Jacques

    Raman-assisted DPP-BOTDA sensor employing Simplex coding with sub-meter scale spatial resolution technique is combined with bi-directional Raman amplification and Simplex coding to achieve sub-meter successfully employed to attain sub-meter spatial resolution [1-3], although typically exhibiting limited

  2. The Polynesia Mana Node of the southeast and central Pacific contains 7 independent or autonomous countries or territories with only 6,000 km2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shima, Jeff

    and resource management. There are many MPAs currently being planned as awareness is 13. A CENTURY OF CHANGE resources and opportunities for development, especially for tourism and pearl culture for 500 their culture and traditions as a basis for sustainable reef management. The pessimistic predictions will apply

  3. First Demonstration of 80-km Long-Haul Transmission of 12.5-Gb/s Data Using Silicon Microring Resonator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergman, Keren

    (less than 500-fJ/bit energy dissipation) photonic modulator compatible with the complementary metal that is doped to form the PIN diode structure, with nickel silicide for the electrical contacts. Fig. 1. (a

  4. 21-484, Spring 2004, Test 1 Solutions 1. (a) For which m and n is Km,n Eulerian? (State the theorem you are

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smyth, Clifford

    1 carbon atoms and l hydrogen atoms. Each carbon is connected to four other atoms and each hydrogen to start with a base case and then add carbons, or something similar. The problem with this approach no loops. If G is graph with a single vertex v and a loop vv, there is a unique v-v path (of length 0

  5. Rank Name Peak Date Peak Location Bomb Peak Gradient Min Depth (Hr-Dy-Mn-Yr) (Lat, Lon) (Bergeron) (hPa/1000km) (hPa)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caballero, Rodrigo

    Rank Name Peak Date Peak Location Bomb Peak Gradient Min Depth (Hr-Dy-Mn-Yr) (Lat, Lon) (Bergeron, and northwest europe (Cambride Univ. Pr.). 1 #12;Figure S1(a): Evolution of 'Daria' (the top ranked storm arrow is approximately 50 m s-1). 2 #12;Figure S1(b): As for Figure S1(a) but for the storm ranked

  6. Development and evolution of detachment faulting along 50 km of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge near 16.5ºN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Deborah K.; Schouten, Hans; Dick, Henry; Cann, Joe; Salters, Vincent; Marschall, Horst R.; Ji, Fuwu; Yoerger, Dana; Sanfilippo, Alessio; Parnell-Turner, Ross; Palmiotto, Camilla; Zheleznov, Alexei; Bai, Hailong; Junkin, Will; Urann, Ben; Dick, Spencer; Sulanowska, Margaret; Lemmond, Peter; Curry, Scott

    2014-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    5 Ma parts of the ridge axis have 50 experienced periods of two-sided detachment faulting. 51 3 Index terms: 3035 – Midocean ridge processes; 3045 – Seafloor morphology, geology and 52 geophysics; 3075 Submarine tectonics and volcanism 53 1... that the west flank of the 16.5ºN area is one of active detachment faulting. 122 On the eastern side of the ridge axis at 16º 38.4’N, a large, basalt-hosted, inactive 123 hydrothermal vent field (Krasnov hydrothermal field, Fig. 3), has been the focus...

  7. OVERVIEW OF DT RESULTS FROM TFTR M.G. BELL, K.M. McGUIRE, V. ARUNASALAM, C.W. BARNES', S.H. BATHA2,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . MUELLER, G.A. NAVRATILI3, R. NAZIKIAN, D.K. OWENS, H.K. PARK, W. PARK, P.B. PARKS8, S.F. PAUL, M.P. PETROV been performed and found to be in good agreement with TRANSP simulations Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. University

  8. Himalayan orogen, so much so that the locus of deep exhumation has been maintained nearly 100 km northwards of the Himalayan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­13407 (2000). 2. Lave, J. & Avouac, J. P. Active folding of fluvial terraces across the Siwaliks Hills Be in the Luquillo Experimental Forest, Puerto Rico. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 129, 193­202 (1995). 17. Riebe, C. S

  9. LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) September 16, 1994 Place Time Name GroupGroup Place Time Name GroupGroup

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madaras 50-59 2 91 13:49.7 James Chan Keith Lewis 30. Remenarich 50-59 7 57 12:54.5 Christopher Olsen

  10. The Project Shoal Area (PSA), located about 50 km southeast of Fallon, Nevada, was the site for a 12-kiloton-ton nuclear test

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou$0.C.Green River,

  11. ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS USED IN THIS REPORT Abbreviations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    Energy Assessment Team Go to index map Go to Table of Contents #12;CF-4 CONVERSION FACTORS (ApproximateF Degree Fahrenheit ft Feet or foot HI Hydrogen index km Kilometer LNG Liquified natural gas Click here

  12. ... als erstes bilden wir eine 68,6 km lange Menschenkette! Wenn wir uns an den Hnden fassen, knnen wir die Standorte der TUM in Mnchen, Garching und Weihenstephan verbin-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heiz, Ulrich

    , können wir die Standorte der TUM in München, Garching und Weihenstephan verbin- den ­ und schaffen es in Munich, Garching and Weihenstephan ­ and even reach as far as the airport. From there, we could jump

  13. Smoke consisting of mixtures of dust and industrial pollution covering the Forbidden City, Beijing, China. BY K.-M. LAU, V. RAMANATHAN, G.-X. WU, Z. LI, S. C. TSAY, C. HSU, R. SIKKA, B. HOLBEN, D. LU,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Zhanqing

    ) regions have found that anthropogenic aerosols may signifi- cantly change the energy balance government agencies from China, India, Italy, Japan, and the United States. At the workshop, par- ticipants of related national research programs in China, India, Japan, Italy, and the United States

  14. REVIEW OF D-T RESULTS FROM TFTR K.M. McGuire, H. Adler, P. Alling, C. Ancher, H. Anderson, J.L. Anderson,1 J.W. Anderson,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Newman, M. Norris, T. O'Connor, M. Oldaker, J. Ongena,14 M. Osakabe,15 D.K. Owens, H. Park, W. Park, P. Parks,6 S.F. Paul, G. Pearson, E. Perry, R. Persing, M. Petrov,16 C.K. Phillips, M. Phillips,11 S, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 USA 1Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New

  15. Greenhouse Gas Laser Imaging Tomography Experiment (GreenLITE): Evaluation of a new method to look at high resolution spatial/temporal distributions of carbon over key sub km sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dobler, Jeremy; Zaccheo, T. Scott; Blume, Nathan; Braun, Michael; Perninit, Timothy; McGregor, Doug; Botos, Chris; Dobeck, Laura

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently a new laser based approach for measuring area with potential for producing 2D estimates of the concentration spatial distribution has been developed through a cooperative agreement with the National Energy and Technology Laboratory of the Department of Energy, Exelis Inc. and AER Inc. The new approach is based on a pair of continuous wave intensity modulated laser absorption spectrometer transceivers, combined with a series of retro reflectors located around the perimeter of the area being monitored. The main goal of this cooperative agreement is monitoring, reporting and verification for ground carbon capture and storage projects. The system was recently tested at the Zero Emission Research and Technology site in Bozeman, MT, with underground leak rates ranging from 0.1 – 0.3 metric ton per day (T/d), as well as a 0.8 T/d surface release. Over 200 hours of data were collected over a rectangular grid 180m x 200m between August 18th and September 9th. In addition, multiple days of in situ data were acquired for the same site, using a Licor gas analyzer systems. Initial comparisons between the laser-based system and the in situ agree very well. The system is designed to operate remotely and transmit the data via a 3G/4G connection along with weather data for the site. An all web-based system ingests the data, populates a database, performs the inversion to ppm CO2 using the Line-by-Line Radiative Transfer Model (LBLRTM), and displays plots and statistics for the retrieved data. We will present an overview of the GreenLITE measurement system, outline the retrieval and reconstruction approach, and discuss results from extensive field testing.

  16. The research project GLOWA-Danube (www.glowa-danube.de) investigates Global Change effects on the water cycle of the Upper Danube river basin (Germany, ~80.0000 km) involving 11 different disciplines from natural and social sciences.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cirpka, Olaf Arie

    Danube GLOWA The research project GLOWA-Danube (www.glowa-danube.de) investigates Global Change in the simulation system DANUBIA. A primary scope of DANUBIA is to evaluate consequences of IPCC derived climate DANUBIA ­ A coupled simulation system Socioeconomic response to Global Change is quite often based

  17. AUGUST 2003 1733K U R A P O V E T A L . 2003 American Meteorological Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    is steeper than the wave characteristics) reflect toward deeper water, while those incident upon subcritical throughout the water column. Application of the inverse model to a 38 km 57 km domain off the mid of several kilometers bathym- etry changes from supercritical (on the continental slope) to subcritical (on

  18. Petroglyph Wash DetritalWash

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lachniet, Matthew S.

    TheStrip 4mi 6km 7mi 11km 2mi 3km 7mi 11km 12mi 19km 8mi 13km 10mi 16km 33mi 53km 2mi 3km 2mi 3km 3mi 5km 8mi 13km 3mi 5km 5mi 8km 10mi 16km 14mi 22km 13mi 21km 3mi 5km1mi 2km 25mi 40km 14mi 22km 8mi 13km 4mi 6km 15mi 24km 4mi 6km 4mi 6km 36mi 58km 14mi 22km 5mi 8km 20mi 32km 26mi 42km 19mi 31km 4mi

  19. Powder River 0 20 40 KILOMETERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ° Gillette Miles City Birney Sheridan Buffalo Glenrock Glenrock Douglas Moorcroft Decker Colstrip Ashland

  20. Transmitter-induced modulation of subionospheric VLF signals: Ionospheric heating rather than electron precipitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    path lies thousands of kilometers from the heating VLF transmitter. The 21.4 kHz transmitter NPM that the observed perturbations, despite occurring on a probe signal pathway that is 1750 km away from NPM at its point of closest approach, are due to direct ionospheric heating by the keyed VLF transmitter NPM

  1. COLOMBIA GUYANA VENEZUELA FR.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    PERU CHILE ARGENTINA PARAGUAY BOLIVIA COLOMBIA GUYANA SURINAME URUGUAY VENEZUELA FR. GUIANA POPULATION DENSITY, 2000 Population density measures the number of persons per square kilometer of land area the population grids and thus may appear coarse. Lambert Azimuthal Equal Area Projection ´ 0 500 1,000 km

  2. FolletoparaSudamrica Bienvenido a la

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mayer, Wolfgang

    iniciativa y creatividad. SOUTH AUSTRALIA N 30km 40km 20km 10km Gulf St Vincent CBD Airport Glenelg Henley

  3. Please cite this article in press as: Kam KM, et al. On assessing spatial uniformity of particle distributions in quality control of manufacturing processes. J Manuf Syst (2012), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmsy.2012.07.018

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Jian

    , in the metal matrix nanocomposite (MMNC) fabrication processes where nano-sized ceramic particles are embedded strengthen the metal matrix, and the more uniformly the nanoparticles disperse, the bet- ter the composite matrix nanocomposite (MMNC) Tissue-engineered scaffolds a b s t r a c t There are many situations

  4. Topology of neutral hydrogen distribution with the Square Kilometer Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yougang; Wu, Fengquan; Chen, Xuelei; Wang, Xin; Kim, Juhan; Park, Changbom; Lee, Khee-Gan; Cen, Renyue

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Morphology of the complex HI gas distribution can be quantified by statistics like the Minkowski functionals, and can provide a way to statistically study the large scale structure in the HI maps both at low redshifts, and during the epoch of reionization (EoR). At low redshifts, the 21cm emission traces the underlying matter distribution. Topology of the HI gas distribution, as measured by the genus, could be used as a "standard ruler". This enables the determination of distance-redshift relation and also the discrimination of various models of dark energy and of modified gravity. The topological analysis is also sensitive to certain primordial non-Gaussian features. Compared with two-point statistics, the topological statistics are more robust against the nonlinear gravitational evolution, bias, and redshift-space distortion. The HI intensity map observation naturally avoids the sparse sampling distortion, which is an important systematic in optical galaxy survey. The large cosmic volume accessible to SKA w...

  5. Association of the threespot damelsfish (Stegastes planifrons) in ridge mortality of Diploria strigosa in the flower garden banks of the National Marine Sanctuary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Proppe, Darren Sean

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    of ridge mortality, however, they do establish a relationship between S. planifrons and ridge mortality. Introduction: The East and West Hower Gardens banks, located in the Northwest Gulf of Mexico, about 180 km south southeast of Galveston, Texas... of the two banks are 19 km apart The banks occupy an area of over 300 acres and are sepamted from the neatest coral reefs off Tampico, Mexico, by more than 500 kilometers (Bright, Gittings, Rezak 90). Due to this isolauon, the Hower Gardens are rehtively...

  6. Application for Permit to Operate a Class III Solid Waste Disposal Site at the Nevada Test Site Area 5 Asbestiform Low-Level Solid Waste Disposal Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NSTec Environmental Management

    2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The NTS is located approximately 105 kilometers (km) (65 miles [mi]) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada (Figure 1). The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is the federal lands management authority for the NTS, and NSTec is the Management and Operations contractor. Access on and off the NTS is tightly controlled, restricted, and guarded on a 24-hour basis. The NTS has signs posted along its entire perimeter.

  7. 20120131 DOE Congestion Study Clean Line Comments 2012

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    11 www.nrel.govwindresourceassessment.html. Total Excluded Available Available Installed Capacity Annual Generation (km 2 ) (km 2 ) (km 2 ) % of State (MW) (GWh) 1 Texas...

  8. National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Calendar Year 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    R. F. Grossman

    2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Nevada Test Site (NTS) is operated by the US Department of Energy's Nevada Operations Office (DOE/NV) as the site for nuclear weapons testing, now limited to readiness activities and experiments in support of the national Stockpile Stewardship Management Program. It is located in Nye County, Nevada, with the southeast corner about 105 km (65 mi) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada. The NTS covers about 3,561 km{sup 2} (1,375 mi{sup 2}), an area larger than Rhode Island. Its size is about 46 to 56 km (28 to 35 mi) east to west and from 64 to 88 km (40 to 55 mi) north to south. The NTS is surrounded, except on the south side, by public exclusion areas (Nellis Air Force Range [NAFR]) that provide another 24 to 104 km (15 to 65 mi) between the NTS and public lands. The NTS is characterized by desert valley and Great Basin mountain topography, with a climate, flora, and fauna typical of the southwest deserts. Population density within 150 km (93 mi) of the NTS is only about 0.2 persons per square kilometer, excluding the Las Vegas area. Restricted access, low population density in the surrounding area, and extended wind transport times are advantageous factors for the activities conducted at the NTS. Surface waters are scarce on the NTS and there is great depth to slow-moving groundwater.

  9. Modellierung Mariner kosysteme am Beispiel der Ostsee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rostock, Universität

    (60km³/Jahr) Flusswassereintrag 480 km³/Jahr Mittlere Tiefe = 52 m Dars.-Schwelle=18 m Volumen= 21000

  10. High Spatial Resolution Observations of Loops in the Solar Corona

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brooks, David H; Ugarte-Urra, Ignacio; Winebarger, Amy R

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding how the solar corona is structured is of fundamental importance to determining how the Sun's upper atmosphere is heated to high temperatures. Recent spectroscopic studies have suggested that an instrument with a spatial resolution of 200km or better is necessary to resolve coronal loops. The High Resolution Coronal Imager (Hi-C) achieved this performance on a rocket flight in July 2012. We use Hi-C data to measure the Gaussian widths of 91 loops observed in the solar corona and find a distribution that peaks at about 270km. We also use Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) data for a subset of 79 of these loops and find that their temperature distributions are narrow. These observations provide further evidence that loops in the solar corona are structured at a scale of several hundred kilometers, well above the spatial scale of proposed physical mechanisms.

  11. HIGH SPATIAL RESOLUTION OBSERVATIONS OF LOOPS IN THE SOLAR CORONA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brooks, David H.; Ugarte-Urra, Ignacio [College of Science, George Mason University, 4400 University Drive, Fairfax, VA 22030 (United States); Warren, Harry P. [Space Science Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Winebarger, Amy R. [NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, ZP 13, Huntsville, AL 35812 (United States)

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding how the solar corona is structured is of fundamental importance to determine how the Sun's upper atmosphere is heated to high temperatures. Recent spectroscopic studies have suggested that an instrument with a spatial resolution of 200 km or better is necessary to resolve coronal loops. The High Resolution Coronal Imager (Hi-C) achieved this performance on a rocket flight in 2012 July. We use Hi-C data to measure the Gaussian widths of 91 loops observed in the solar corona and find a distribution that peaks at about 270 km. We also use Atmospheric Imaging Assembly data for a subset of these loops and find temperature distributions that are generally very narrow. These observations provide further evidence that loops in the solar corona are often structured at a scale of several hundred kilometers, well above the spatial scale of many proposed physical mechanisms.

  12. Threadleaf Groundsel and Forage Response to Herbicides in the Davis Mountains.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, R.D.; Ueckert, D.N.; Nelson J.T.; Cox, J.R.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    groundsel. MATERIALS AND METHODS Description of the Study Area The study was conducted on the Billy and Tommy Weston Ranch , 6.4 kilometers (km) southeast of Fort Davis , Texas in Jeff Davis County. Elevation of the study area is 1,524 m and average... to the Houston Livestock Show and Rodeo for partial financial support of this research, to Billy and Tommy Weston for providing land for the research, to Dr. Charles E. Gates for assistance with statistical analyses , to Brad Lisenbee for assistance...

  13. The Relative Abundance of Desert Tortoises on the Nevada Test Site within Ecological Landform Units

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roy Woodward, Kurt R. Rautenstrauch, Derek B. Hall, and W. Kent Ostler

    1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sign-survey transects were sampled in 1996 to better determine the relative abundance of desert tortoises on the Nevada Test Site (NTS). These transects were sampled within ecological land-form units (ELUs), which are small, ecologically homogeneous units of land. Two-hundred and six ELUs were sampled by walking 332 transects totaling 889 kilometers (km) (552 miles [mi]). These ELUs covered 528 km{sup 2} (204 mi{sup 2}). Two-hundred and eighty-one sign were counted. An average of 0.32 sign was found per km walked. Seventy percent of the area sampled had a very low abundance of tortoises, 29 percent had a low abundance, and 1 percent had a moderate abundance. A revised map of the relative abundance of desert tortoise on the NTS is presented. Within the 1,330 km{sup 2} (514 mi{sup 2}) of desert tortoise habitat on the NTS, 49 percent is classified as having no tortoises or a very low abundance, 18 percent has a low or moderate abundance, 12 percent is unclassified land being used by the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project, and the remaining 21 percent still has an unknown abundance of desert tortoises. Based on the results of this work, the amount of tortoise habitat previously classified as having an unknown or low-moderate abundance, and on which clearance surveys and on-site monitoring was required, has been reduced by 20 percent.

  14. The relative abundance of desert tortoises on the Nevada Test Site within ecological landform units

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woodward, R. [Bechtel National (United States); Rautenstrauch, K.R. [Science Applications International Corp. (United States); Hall, D.B.; Ostler, W.K. [Bechtel Nevada (United States)

    1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sign-survey transects were sampled in 1996 to better determine the relative abundance of desert tortoises on the Nevada Test Site (NTS). These transects were sampled within ecological land-form units (ELUs), which are small, ecologically homogeneous units of land. Two-hundred and six ELUs were sampled by walking 332 transects totaling 889 kilometers (km). These ELUs covered 528 km{sup 2}. Two-hundred and eight-one sign were counted. An average of 0.32 sign was found per km walked. Seventy percent of the area sampled had a very low abundance of tortoises, 29% had a low abundance, and 1% had a moderate abundance. A revised map of the relative abundance of desert tortoise on the NTS is presented. Within the 1,330 km{sup 2} of desert tortoise habitat on the NTS, 49% is classified as having no tortoises or a very low abundance, 18% has a low or moderate abundance, 12% is unclassified land being used by the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project, and the remaining 21% still has an unknown abundance of desert tortoises. Based on the results of this work, the amount of tortoise habitat previously classified as having an unknown or low-moderate abundance, and on which clearance surveys and on-site monitoring was required, has been reduced by 20%.

  15. Spectrometer Type Connes'-type 4-port Fourier Transform Spectrometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    prototype. CFC11 CFC12 HNO3 O3 CO2 27.6 km 25.3 km 23.0 km 20.7 km 18.4 km 16.1 km 13.8 km 11.5 km 9.2 km dependence. O3, CO2 and H2O spectral lines are also visible. The surface is obscured by clouds (detectors of the spectrum (top) and the variation of brightness temperatures across the detector array (bottom) CO2 H2O, N2O

  16. Geological structures from downward continuation of gravity anomalies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Chia-Chi George

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    operator and two grid spacings (2 and 4 km), the depth to the upper surface of the source is about 4 km, with the center of' mass located at about 8 km. Comparison of these results with those for a sphere yield a density contrast of 0. 3 g/cc . Both... km 18. Downward-continuation residual gravity map and profile at the depth of 6 km. Contours in mGals. Grid spacing 4 km by 4 km 19. Downward-continuation residual gravity map and profile at the depth of 8 km. Contours in mGals. Grid spacing 4 km...

  17. Status of Neutrino Astronomy: The Quest for Kilometer-Scale Instruments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Halzen

    1997-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a (very) personal attempt to summarize the status of neutrino astronomy: its scientific motivations, our understanding of natural water and ice as particle detectors and, finally, the detector technology.

  18. Microsoft Word - ICPRP-Appendices_corrmade.doc

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    hot-spot volcano Basalt; hawaiite at beginning of eruption Eruption along a 2-km fis- sure that produced a cone 100 m high, 0.3 km 3 lava, 0.25 km 3 tephra, max. Eruption...

  19. E-Print Network 3.0 - airstrips Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (19);Brokopondo, 1km N Rudi... ; 40 km NW Caripito (18).Choeroniscus minor- Suriname: Nickerie; Sipaliwini Airstrip (19, 18 Source: Baker, Robert J. - Museum of Texas...

  20. Lomas BLVD. Tucker AVE.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Mexico, University of

    Courts TerraceMall YaleMall CornellMall Smith Plaza Union Square Duck Pond STUDENT HOUSING 1.2mi 1.9km ATC / Rail Runner 25 0.6mi 1.0km Albuquerque International Sunport 2.3mi / 3.7km 40 1.2mi 1.9km 25 0.6mi 1.0km 0.6mi 1.0km South Campus 1.0mi / 1.6km CNM 0.4mi / 0.6km P M P M P Admin S T P P S P P P P P

  1. Anderson School Map Anderson Main Desk:(505) 277-6471

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Mexico, University of

    Mall YaleMall CornellMall Smith Plaza Student Health Union Square Duck Pond STUDENT HOUSING 1.2mi 1.9km ATC / Rail Runner 25 0.6mi 1.0km Albuquerque International Sunport 2.3mi / 3.7km 40 1.2mi 1.9km 25 0.6mi 1.0km 0.6mi 1.0km South Campus 1.0mi / 1.6km CNM 0.4mi / 0.6km P M P M P M P Admin S T P P S P P P P P M

  2. ELECTROCHEMICAL POWER FOR TRANSPORTATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cairns, Elton J.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    total combustion engine vehicle operating cost, $/km = costcombustion engine vehicle ownership cost, $/km A comparisonbustion engine vehicles, (2) the high cost of electricity

  3. Digital Elevation Model, 0.5-m, Barrow Environmental Observatory, Alaska, 2012

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Gangodagamage, Chandana; Wilson, Cathy; Rowland, Joel

    The dataset is a digital elevation model, DEM, of a 2km by 7km region in the vicinity of the Barrow Environmental Observatory near Barrow, Ak.

  4. Digital Elevation Model, 0.5-m, Barrow Environmental Observatory, Alaska, 2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gangodagamage, Chandana; Wilson, Cathy; Rowland, Joel

    2013-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The dataset is a digital elevation model, DEM, of a 2km by 7km region in the vicinity of the Barrow Environmental Observatory near Barrow, Ak.

  5. E-Print Network 3.0 - alto rio ribeira Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CURCULIONIDAE), THE Summary: Ribeira, km 111, 83411-000 - Colombo, Paran, Brasil 2EPAGRI, Estrada da Ribeira, km 111, 83411... and was introduced into Argentina and...

  6. E-Print Network 3.0 - area southern ribeira Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CURCULIONIDAE), THE Summary: Ribeira, km 111, 83411-000 - Colombo, Paran, Brasil 2EPAGRI, Estrada da Ribeira, km 111, 83411... , but in cold areas may produce only a...

  7. The Critical Density and the Effective Excitation Density of Commonly Observed Molecular Dense Gas Tracers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shirley, Yancy L

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The optically thin critical densities and the effective excitation densities to produce a 1 K km/s (or 0.818 Jy km/s $(\\frac{\

  8. An interdisciplinary approach to characterize flash flood occurrence frequency for mountainous Southern California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carpenter, Theresa Marie Modrick

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with drainage area ranging from 15 to 3000 km 2 , thefrom 13 to 3000 km 2 in accumulated drainage area. The small

  9. Digital Doppler radial velocity data compared objectively with digital reflectivity radar data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beaver, Thomas Foster

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    were analyzed . Page 13 16 1-km CAZM, 1740-1743 CDT, WSR-57 data 4-km CAZN, 1740-1743 CDT, WSR-57 data 8-km CAZM, 1740-1743 CDT, WSR-57 data 10-km CAZM, 1740-'1743 CDT, WSR-57 data 1-km CAVM, 174Z-1748 CDT, Doppler data . 1 May 1977 (2-km...-181Z CDT, 1 Nay 1977 (2-km grid), Doppler data . 38 ix Figure 15 4-km CAVN, 1805-1812 CDT, 1 May 1977 (2-km grid), Doppler data . Paae 16 17 18 19 20 21 5-km CAVM, 1805-1812 Doppler data . 3-kDI CAVM, 1724-1730 Doppler data . . 4-km...

  10. Neutrino telescopes in the World

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ernenwein, J.-P. [GRPHE, Universite de Haute Alsace, 61 rue Albert Camus, 68093 Mulhouse cedex (France)

    2007-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Neutrino astronomy has rapidly developed these last years, being the only way to get specific and reliable information about astrophysical objects still poorly understood.Currently two neutrino telescopes are operational in the World: BAIKAL, in the lake of the same name in Siberia, and AMANDA, in the ices of the South Pole. Two telescopes of the same type are under construction in the Mediterranean Sea: ANTARES and NESTOR. All these telescopes belong to a first generation, with an instrumented volume smaller or equal to 0.02 km3. Also in the Mediterranean Sea, the NEMO project is just in its stag phase, within the framework of a cubic kilometer size neutrino telescope study. Lastly, the ICECUBE detector, with a volume reaching about 1 km3, is under construction on the site of AMANDA experiment, while an extension of the BAIKAL detector toward km3 is under study. We will present here the characteristics of these experiments, as well as the results of their observations.

  11. Evaluation of hypotheses for the cause of the 1886 Charleston earthquake

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    White, R.M.; Long, L.T. (Law Environmental, Inc., Kennesaw, GA (USA); Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (USA))

    1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes a geophysical/geological investigation of the earth's crust at seismogenic depths in the Charleston, South Carolina area. This investigation was made for the purpose of narrowing the range of theories that have been used to explain the historic 1886 Charleston earthquake. Since a number of these theories are based on only a portion of the available data, we have established a comprehensive data set in order to allow these hypotheses to be subjected to the entire data set. Specifically, we combined existing and new gravity, magnetic and topographic data in grids of 128 km, 256 km and 1028 km on a side centered on Charleston. Seismic, geologic and drilling data were collected and summarized. A magnetotelluric survey consisting of 12 soundings interpreted to depths of over 40 kilometers defined the bottom of the rigid crust with assistance from seismic reflection and other data. A geologic model of the crust in the area of Charleston was constructed and it defined the locations of Triassic/Jurassic basins Paleozoic plutons in greater detail than has previously been achieved. 102 refs., 75 figs.

  12. AN ABSTRACT OF THE THESIS OF Sheila O'Keefe for the degree of Master of Science in Oceanography presented on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Stephen

    km grid extending approximately 50km from shore while long-range sites typically generate hourly maps on a 6km grid extending up to 200km from shore. Generating these maps from the data presents mapping during these varied wind conditions. The large- scale currents on the continental margin just north

  13. Jatropha Curcas Kernel Meals Obtained From Four Different Agro-Climatic Areas of Ghana:

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. K. Chikpah; B. Demuyakor

    ) concentration of Jatropha curcas kernel meals (KM) obtained from four different agro-climatic conditions. The

  14. Range dependent errors in the convective and stratiform partitioning of a radar precipitation estimation algorithm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, David Richard

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    BZ was classified differently by the two radar data sets at the 1.5 km and 3.0 km analysis levels respectively. The percentage of total rainfall from all precipitation classified differently was 26% for the 1.5 km analysis level, and 28% for the 3.0 km level....

  15. THE SCREAMING DOWNHILL THE BOARDMAN TRAIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ! Nodogsallowedwithintwenty-five feetofgroomedtrails. Noexceptions! Scale = 1:10,000 10 cm = 1 km 6.3 in = 1 mi Contour Interval: 5 meters, Index Interval: 25 meters 0 km 0.2 km 0.4 km 0.6 km 0.8 km 1 km 0 mi 0.1 mi 0.2 mi 0.3 mi 0.4 mi 0.5 mi 0.6 mi Oak Hill Trail Profiles Horizontal Scale = 1:50,000 Vertical Scale = 1

  16. Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 254: Area 25, R-MAD Decontamination Facility, Nevada Test Site, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    G. N. Doyle

    2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 254 is located in Area 25 of the Nevada Test Site (NTS), approximately 100 kilometers (km) (62 miles) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada. The site is located within the Reactor Maintenance, Assembly and Disassembly (R-MAD) compound and consists of Building 3126, two outdoor decontamination pads, and surrounding areas within an existing fenced area measuring approximately 50 x 37 meters (160 x 120 feet). The site was used from the early 1960s to the early 1970s as part of the Nuclear Rocket Development Station program to decontaminate test-car hardware and tooling. The site was reactivated in the early 1980s to decontaminate a radiologically contaminated military tank. This Closure Report (CR) describes the closure activities performed to allow un-restricted release of the R-MAD Decontamination Facility.

  17. The Highest Energy Cosmic Rays, Gamma Rays and Neutrinos: Facts, Fancy and Resolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Halzen

    2001-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Although cosmic rays were discovered 90 years ago, we do not know how and where they are accelerated. There is compelling evidence that the highest energy cosmic rays are extra-galactic -- they cannot be contained by our galaxy's magnetic field anyway because their gyroradius exceeds its dimensions. Elementary elementary-particle physics dictates a universal upper limit on their energy of $5\\times10^{19}$ eV, the so-called Greisen-Kuzmin-Zatsepin cutoff; however, particles in excess of this energy have been observed, adding one more puzzle to the cosmic ray mystery. Mystery is nonetheless fertile ground for progress: we will review the facts and mention some very speculative interpretations. There is indeed a realistic hope that the oldest problem in astronomy will be resolved soon by ambitious experimentation: air shower arrays of $10^4$ km$^2$ area, arrays of air Cerenkov detectors and kilometer-scale neutrino observatories.

  18. The 1993 baseline biological studies and proposed monitoring plan for the Device Assembly Facility at the Nevada Test Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woodward, B.D.; Hunter, R.B.; Greger, P.D.; Saethre, M.B.

    1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains baseline data and recommendations for future monitoring of plants and animals near the new Device Assembly Facility (DAF) on the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The facility is a large structure designed for safely assembling nuclear weapons. Baseline data was collected in 1993, prior to the scheduled beginning of DAF operations in early 1995. Studies were not performed prior to construction and part of the task of monitoring operational effects will be to distinguish those effects from the extensive disturbance effects resulting from construction. Baseline information on species abundances and distributions was collected on ephemeral and perennial plants, mammals, reptiles, and birds in the desert ecosystems within three kilometers (km) of the DAF. Particular attention was paid to effects of selected disturbances, such as the paved road, sewage pond, and the flood-control dike, associated with the facility. Radiological monitoring of areas surrounding the DAF is not included in this report.

  19. Evaluating the Representation and Impact of Convective Processes in the NCAR’s Community Climate System Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xiaoqing Wu

    2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Convection and clouds affect atmospheric temperature, moisture and wind fields through the heat of condensation and evaporation and through redistributions of heat, moisture and momentum. Individual clouds have a spatial scale of less than 10 km, much smaller than the grid size of several hundred kilometers used in climate models. Therefore the effects of clouds must be approximated in terms of variables that the model can resolve. Deriving such formulations for convection and clouds has been a major challenge for the climate modeling community due to the lack of observations of cloud and microphysical properties. The objective of our DOE CCPP project is to evaluate and improve the representation of convection schemes developed by PIs in the NCAR (National Center for Atmospheric Research) Community Climate System Model (CCSM) and study its impact on global climate simulations.

  20. The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant: An International Center of Excellence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matthews, Mark

    2003-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States Department of Energy's Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO) is responsible for the successful management of transuranic radioactive waste (TRUW) in the United States. TRUW is a long-lived radioactive waste/material (LLRM). CBFO's responsibilities includes the operation of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), which is a deep geologic repository for the safe disposal of U.S. defense-related TRUW and is located 42 kilometers (km) east of Carlsbad, New Mexico. WIPP is the only deep-geological disposal site for LLRM that is operating in the world today. CBFO also manages the National Transuranic Waste Program (NTP), which oversees TRU waste management from generation to disposal. As of February 2003, approximately 1500 shipments of waste have been safely transported to the WIPP, which has been operating since March 1999.

  1. Atmosphere of a sunspot based on observations in the x-ray, extreme ultraviolet, optical, and radio ranges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Staude, J.; Fuerstenberg, F.; Hildebrandt, J.; Krueger, A.; Jakimiec, J.; Obridko, V.N.; Siarkowski, M.; Sylwester, B.; Sylwester, J.

    1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown that the lower chromosphere of an umbra is best described within the framework of a model close to that of Teplitskaya et al. This model can be extended to higher levels using a large temperature gradient, so that Troughly-equal40 000 K and an electron density n/sub e/roughly-equal4x10/sup 10/ cm/sup -3/ are reached at a height zroughly-equal2000 km above the umbral photosphere. These values are defined by the EUV data of the HRTS instrument. At higher levels one must presume the existence of at least two components: The hot component, which occupies ..cap alpha..roughly-equal0.8--0.9 of the total volume, has a narrow transition layer, and the coronal values of Troughly-equal1.8x10/sup 6/ K and n/sub e/roughly-equal5x10/sup 8/ even at a height z = 3000--5000 km. These values are consistent both with the absence of an x-ray emission flux above large sunspots and with the high brightness temperature T/sub b/ = 1.8x10/sup 6/ K of emission in the centimeter range from the same region. This hot coronal matter surrounds the bases of cool loops emerging from the umbra in the form of bundles, and they emit the EUV lines observed at 10/sup 4/< or =T< or =10/sup 6/ K. In the corona the z dependence of all the physical quantities, including ..cap alpha.., over a distance of several thousand kilometers can be taken as weak. Along the axis of a loop T grows slowly, the loops become more horizontal, and at distances and heights of several tens of thousands of kilometers above a flocculus they appear as hot x-ray loops.

  2. Mesozoic rift basins in western desert of Egypt, their southern extension and impact on future exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taha, M.A. (Conoco, Cairo (Egypt))

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rift basins are a primary target of exploration in east, central, and west Africa. These intracratonic rift basins range in age from the Triassic to the Neogene and are filled with lagoonal-lacustrine sand-shale sequences. Several rift basins may be present in the Western Desert of Egypt. In the northeastern African platform, the Mesozoic Tethyan strand lines were previously interpreted to have limited southern extension onto the continent. This concept, based upon a relatively limited amount of subsurface data, has directed and focused the exploration for oil and gas to the northernmost 120 km of the Western Desert of Egypt. Recent well and geophysical data indicate a southerly extension of mesozoic rift basins several hundred kilometers inland from the Mediterranean Sea. Shushan/Faghur and Abu Gharadig/Bahrein basins may represent subparallel Mesozoic basins, trending northeast-southwest. Marine Oxfordian-Kimmeridgian sediments were recently reported from wells drilled approximately 500 km south of the present-day Mediterranean shoreline. The link of these basins with the Sirte basin to the southwest in Libya is not well understood. Exploration is needed to evaluate the hydrocarbon potential of such basins.

  3. Regional groundwater modeling of the saturated zone in the vicinity of Yucca Mountain, Nevada; Iterative Performance Assessment, Phase 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ahola, M.; Sagar, B. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States). Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses

    1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Results of groundwater modeling of the saturated zone in the vicinity of Yucca Mountain are presented. Both a regional (200 {times} 200 km) and subregional (50 {times} 50 km) model were used in the analyses. Simulations were conducted to determine the impact of various disruptive that might take place over the life span of a proposed Yucca Mountain geologic conditions repository on the groundwater flow field, as well as changes in the water-table elevations. These conditions included increases in precipitation and groundwater recharge within the regional model, changes in permeability of existing hydrogeologic barriers, a:nd the vertical intrusion of volcanic dikes at various orientations through the saturated zone. Based on the regional analysis, the rise in the water-table under Yucca Mountain due to various postulated conditions ranged from only a few meters to 275 meters. Results of the subregional model analysis, which was used to simulate intrusive dikes approximately 4 kilometers in length in the vicinity of Yucca Mountain, showed water-table rises ranging from a few meters to as much as 103 meters. Dikes oriented approximately north-south beneath Yucca Mountain produced the highest water-table rises. The conclusions drawn from this analysis are likely to change as more site-specific data become available and as the assumptions in the model are improved.

  4. Towards Developing a Calibrated EGS Exploration Methodology Using...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and stress, at depths from +1km to -4km above sea level. Trust maps provide a data reliability indicator. When coupled, the two maps provide an EGS favorability determination, a...

  5. aphrodite terra venus: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    is the Sun? 250 BC: Aristarchos of Samos calculates AU 7 million km 16th century: Tycho Brahe measures AU 8 million km 17 century: Johannes Kepler estimates AU 24 million...

  6. VqSV_relation_1-15_fractal_por_perm_50Hz_negro.eps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1.0. 2.0. 3.0. 4.0. 30. 60. 90. 0. qSV Waves. Vex (km/s). Vez (km/s). 1. Brine saturated medium with fractures. 4. Fractal porosity?permeability medium.

  7. Nighttime Ionospheric D-region: Equatorial and Non-equatorial Neil R. Thomson,1 and Wayne M. McRae2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otago, University of

    ' ~ 85.0 km and sharpness ~ 0.63 km-1. These paths include NPM (Hawaii) to Washington DC, Omega Hawaii Hawaii to Dunedin, and NPM (Hawaii) to Dunedin. It is suggested that the effects of irregularities

  8. Tradeoffs between Costs and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the Design of Urban Transit Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griswold, Julia Baird

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of veh (kWh/veh-km) Cost per kWh ($/kWh) Operating cost ($/of veh (kWh/veh-km) Cost per kWh ($/kWh) Operating cost ($/

  9. The Mechanics of Unrest at Long Valley Caldera, California: 1...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    source depth by 2.1 km (35%), and the source volume by 0.038 km3 (44%). Authors M. Battaglia, P. Segall, J. Murray, P. Cervelli and J. Langbein Published Journal Journal of...

  10. E-Print Network 3.0 - asthenosphere beneath saudi Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of 60 km beneath... the hotspot and that asthenospheric flow beneath the Eifel is a passive response to plate motion. A 410 km... ABSTRACT We review evidence for plumelike...

  11. Observations of Wave-Sediment Interaction, Louisiana, USA S. Jaramillo1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheremet, Alexandru

    (1981) recorded more that 90% wave energy dissipation across the 20-km wide shallow shelf of Surinam

  12. Volume 3 Issue 9 1000181 Open AccessShort Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    river traces the border between French Guiana and Suriname over a distance of 520 km cutting through

  13. The influence of the Columbia River plume on cross-shelf transport of zooplankton.1 Jay O. Peterson1*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickey, Barbara

    and associated nutrients47 [Lohan and Bruland, 2006]. Over a broad spatial scale, extending up to 100 km from the

  14. Sizing Thermally Activated Building Systems (TABS): A Brief Literature Review and Model Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basu, Chandrayee; Schiavon, Stefano; Bauman, Fred

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    m 2 /W Thermal resistance of the building envelope, K-m 2 /Wtemperature, envelope, slab and tubing thermal resistance,

  15. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 103, NO. CI, PAGES 1343-1362, JANUARY 15, 1998 A new method to determine the mean sea surface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Leeuwen, Peter Jan

    accuratelyobservingoceanvariability in the mesoscalerange(10-100days,50-500km) hasled to progressin understanding and mapping

  16. VII Seminrio tcnico-cientifico de anlise dos dados referentes ao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    protegidas da Amazônia pode agüentar a pressão do desflorestamento? #12;Métodos · Base de dados ­ Limite dasVII Seminário técnico-cientifico de análise dos dados referentes ao desmatamento na Amazônia Legal;Desflorestamento no entorno #12;10 km 30 km #12;10 km 30 km #12;Banco de dados ­ 1997 - 2008 ACUMULADO #12;BANCO DE

  17. Merging high resolution geophysical and geochemical surveys to...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    hydrothermal alteration) - Geologic field work - OSU detailed mapping - Geophysics * Gravity - 1km grid collected * High resolution aeromagnetic - currently being collected *...

  18. Attenuation of radio signals by the ionosphere of Mars: Theoretical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Withers, Paul

    radio frequency and peak electron density Molina-Cuberos et al. (2002) #12;Power loss equation · Effects solution #12;Power loss at 1, 10, 100, 1000 MHz 1 MHz, 64 km 100 MHz, 29 km 1 GHz, 12 km 10 MHz, 47 km f · Thus P > 1 dB only for f power loss from main ionospheric layer if NXC > 2E10 m-3

  19. Hydrographisches Amt der autonomen Provinz Bozen -Sdtirol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerschner, Hanns

    -3.16 >3.16-7.51 area classes (km2 ) numberofglaciers 1km2 There were 259 glaciers in 1997, covering 109 km 2 Area-altitude distribution 2100 2300 2500 2700 2900 3100 3300 3500 3700 3900 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 km2 Most of the area is concentrated around 2800 - 3300 m. Areas above 3400 m are small

  20. THEAMAZON 1 THEAMAZON 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patzek, Tadeusz W.

    STRATEGIES TO PROTECT THE AMAZON AND THE GLOBAL CLIMATE 48 DEMANDS 51 ANNEX ONE ­ GUIDANCE ON TRACEABILTY 52 Between August 2003 and August 2004, 27,200km2 ­ an area the size of Belgium ­ was lost. Three-quarters of this destruction was illegal.5 That's an area 10km long by 7.5km wide lost every day. More than 3km2 every hour

  1. WEAK BIALGEBRAS AND MONOIDAL CATEGORIES G. BOHM, S. CAENEPEEL, AND K. JANSSEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caenepeel, Stefaan

    functor HM kM is strongly monoidal. Weak bialgebras are more general than bialgebras. The axioms (1) = 11

  2. Polymorphisms in Human Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase BEATA D. PRZYBYLA-ZAWISLAK, PUNIT K. SRIVASTAVA, JOHANA V AZQUEZ-MATIAS, HARVEY W. MOHRENWEISER,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammock, Bruce D.

    differences in Km and Vmax. In addition, stability studies showed that the double mutant was less stable than

  3. POPULATION DENSITY, 2000 Population density measures the number

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    ´ GUADELOUPE 0 25 50 km NETHERLAND ANTILLES NETHERLAND ANTILLES ST. KITTS NEVIS Copyright 2009. The Trustees

  4. Neighborhood socio-economic disadvantage and race/ethnicity as predictors of breast cancer stage at diagnosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flores, Yvonne N; Davidson, Pamela L; Nakazono, Terry T; Carreon, Daisy C; Mojica, Cynthia M; Bastani, Roshan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Diagnosis_2013.pdf. 45. Wells KJ, Battaglia TA, Dudley DJ,Sherman BJ, Freund KM, Battaglia TA: Patient navigation to

  5. Mantle transition zone beneath the Caribbean-South American plate boundary and its tectonic implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niu, Fenglin

    Mantle transition zone beneath the Caribbean-South American plate boundary and its tectonic seismic network of Venezuela to study the mantle transition zone structure beneath the Caribbean Caribbean, the 410-km is featured by a narrow (200 km EW) 25-km uplift extending in the NS direction around

  6. Development of Exploration Methods for Engineered Geothermal System through Integrated Geoscience Interpretation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE Geothermal Peer Review 2010 - Presentation. This project will deploy, test and calibrate Non-invasive EGS Exploration Methodology integrating geoscience data to predict temperature and rock type at a scale of 5km x 5km at depths of 1-5km.

  7. Earthquake early warning for Bucharest, Romania: Novel and revised scaling relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heaton, Thomas H.

    ] The accumulation of strong earthquakes with resembling source mechanisms in the Romanian Vrancea zone, SE in the Romanian capital Bucharest -, and USD 2 billion direct damage costs [Sandi, 2001]. All strong earthquakes-defined volume of about 40 km Ã? 80 km Ã? 110 km size in the Romanian Vrancea zone, SE Carpathians

  8. Seismic reflection analysis of the Manson Impact Structure, Iowa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keiswetter, Dean; Black, Ross A.; Steeples, Don W.

    1996-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    trough diameter of around 21 km, a shallow floor (0.6–0.7 km), and a central uplift that has a minimum diameter of 7.5 km. The two reflection lines are coincidentally located along an east-west radial transect and are constrained by shallow drill...

  9. A Climatology of Midlatitude Continental Clouds from the ARM SGP Central Facility. Part II: Cloud Fraction and Surface Radiative Forcing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dong, Xiquan

    at the Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Southern Great Plains (SGP) Central Facility and for single-layered low (0­3 km), middle (3­6 km), and high clouds ( 6 km) using ARM SCF ground-based paired-looking standard precision spectral pyranometers and precision infrared radiometer measurements with uncertainties

  10. The Ross Sea Response to Evolving Ocean-Ice Interactions in a Changing Climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiederwohl, Christina 1980-

    2012-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    decade (1994–2007) mostly (50%) from larger melt water inputs from the Pine Island (17.7 km^3 per decade) and Dotson (14.8 km^3 per decade) glaciers. Two decades of steady (1978-2000) strengthening of sea ice productivity (200 km^3 per decade) within...

  11. DOE Hydrogen Program U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    delivery trucks, gaseous hydrogen tube trailers, and dedicated gaseous hydrogen pipelines. Worldwide, there are over 800 km of hydrogen pipelines, including 225 km in the Ruhr Valley of Germany that have operated safely since 1938, and over 200 km of hydrogen pipeline in the United States, primarily in the Texas Gulf

  12. The Florida control scheme Guido Mueller, Tom Delker, David Reitze, D. B. Tanner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tanner, David B.

    -LIGO-detectors 1 (2 km and 4 km in Hanford, WA and 4 km in Livingston, LA) will all be cavity enhanced Michelson-recycled delay-line Michelson interferometer. All these detectors may reach a sensitivity high enough to detect and can lead to a strange asymmetric eld distribution in the North and the East arm. The SR

  13. The geoarchaeology of Buttermilk Creek, Bell County, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibson, Brandy Deanne

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    was conducted. Buttermilk Creek is a 13 km stream incised into limestone bedrock with a drainage basin size of 43 kM2 , a stream gradient of 8.5 m/km, and a sinuosity of 1.26. This project was undertaken with two objectives in mind-, to create a...

  14. Ocean and Sea Ice SAF Technical Note

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoffelen, Ad

    Ocean and Sea Ice SAF Technical Note SAF/OSI/CDOP/KNMI/TEC/RP/147 Validation of ASCAT 12.5-km winds The Ocean and Sea Ice Satellite Application Facility (OSI SAF) delivers an operational level 2 wind product produces a level 1 product with 12.5-km WVC spacing that has a resolution of approximately 25 km. Since

  15. Mapping future hazards for south east London Dr Stephen Blenkinsop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    ) Vulnerability information Risk maps #12;Heat Outputs · 5km heat wave prediction grids. · 1km pro-rata disaggregated temperature & heat wave projection grids. · 1km relative heat wave hazard grid combining heat wave hazard (relative). · 200m heat wave risk grids combining relative heat wave hazard with predictions

  16. Lithosphere structure beneath the Phanerozoic intracratonic basins of North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaminski, Edouard

    Abstract Four intracratonic basins of North America, the Hudson Bay, Michigan, Illinois and Williston. The Williston and Illinois basins are associated with wide (V200 km) and thin anomalies (V100 km), whereas basin and 270 km beneath the Williston [4,6]. For two ba- sins of similar age located on the same Precam

  17. Impact Crater ejecta blanket

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jurdy, Donna M.

    , Australia Meteor Crater, Arizona #12;Venus as a Planet Diameter = 12,104 km Density = 5 2 g/cm3Density = 5C = 733 K = 860o F Ave. Distance from Sun = 81.08 x 108 km #12;Introduction: Venus Elevation, unimodal = -3.9 to 12 km Mostly flat plains with some topographic swells, volcanoes dune fields rift valleys

  18. ATOC 3500/CHEM 3151 Spring 2014 The San Joaquin, acid rain, and using a simple "box" model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    ATOC 3500/CHEM 3151 ­ Spring 2014 Problem 19 The San Joaquin, acid rain, and using a simple "box-called "acid fogs" in this valley. Assume a "box" of area 1 km2 (1 km x 1km) with the top of the box `box', calculate the steady-state SO2 concentration (in units of molecules cm-3 ). (c) Sulfuric acid

  19. Proceedings of ICRC 2001: 730 c Copernicus Gesellschaft 2001 Status of the Auger Engineering Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    similar observato- ries, covering an area of 3000 km2 each, will be constructed in both hemispheres spac- ing, covering an area slightly larger than 3000 km2 . The fluorescence detectors will be arranged, and will be put into operation this year. It will consist of 40 surface detectors, covering an area of 46 km2

  20. Impairment Aware RWA Algorithms Based on Prediction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

    inaccurate network state information. · This experience has been transferred to the area of IA- RWA. 1 value of the MTD2 . 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 4500 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16[km Gold class (d > 3500 km) Silver class (30003000 km) distance

  1. Remedial action selection report Maybell, Colorado, site. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Maybell uranium mill tailings site is 25 miles (mi) (40 kilometers [km]) west of the town of Craig, Colorado, in Moffat County, in the northwestern part of the state. The unincorporated town of Maybell is 5 road mi (8 km) southwest of the site. The site is 2.5 mi (4 km) northeast of the Yampa River on relatively flat terrain broken by low, flat-topped mesas. U.S. Highway 40 runs east-west 2 mi (3.2 km) south of the site. The designated site covers approximately 110 acres (ac) (45 hectares [ha]) and consists of a concave-shaped tailings pile and rubble from the demolition of the mill buildings buried in the former mill area. The site is situated between Johnson Wash to the east and Rob Pit Mine to the west. Numerous reclaimed and unreclaimed mines are in the immediate vicinity. Aerial photographs (included at the end of this executive summary) show evidence of mining activity around the Maybell site. Contaminated materials at the Maybell processing site include the tailings pile, which has an average depth of 20 feet (ft) (6 meters [ml]) and contains 2.8 million cubic yards (yd{sup 3}) (2.1 million cubic meters [m{sup 3}]) of tailings. The former mill processing area is on the north side of the site and contains 20,000 yd 3 (15,000 m{sup 3}) of contaminated demolition debris. Off-pile contamination is present and includes areas adjacent to the tailings pile, as well as contamination dispersed by wind and surface water flow. The volume of off-pile contamination to be placed in the disposal cell is 550,000 yd{sup 3}(420,000 m{sup 3}). The total volume of contaminated materials to be disposed of as part of the remedial action is estimated to be 3.37 million yd{sup 3} (2.58 million m{sup 3}).

  2. Convective variability associated with a mesoscale vortex in a midlatitude squall line system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hristova-Veleva, Svetla M.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . . . . . . . . . . CASE DESCRIPTION. . STORM MORPHOLOGY Low Levels (surface to 1. 9 km) Mid-to-Low Levels (2. 4 to 3. 9 km). . . . . . . . Mid-to-Upper Levels (4. 4 to 8. 9 km). . . . . . Upper Levels (9. 4 km and above). . . . . . . . . . Vertical Cross... Streamline/isotachanalysisofstorm-relativewinds at1150UTCon 28 May 1985. 1152 UTC dual Doppler analysis of kinematic and reflectivity field at 1. 4 km Mean Sea Level (MSL). . 47 , . 49 20b 1152 UTC dual Doppler analysis of the storm-relative horizontal...

  3. A l u m n i C a m p u sE N E R G I E (89 Kilometer nordwestlich

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vollmer, Heribert

    Wind- parks sind etwa die Erweite- rung des Pilotprojektes alpha ventus, der Park Borkum West (45 und 15 Insti- Einleitung Ziel der Bundesregierung ist es, bis zum Jahr 2030 Offshore- Windparks mit- wicklung fiel im Herbst 2008 mit dem Bau des Umspann- werks für das Offshore-Test- feld alpha ventus

  4. ABB Corporate Research Center in Sweden is located in Vsters, about 100 kilometers west of Stockholm. Together with our colleagues in other R&D centers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    operates in around 100 countries and well as updated of current best practices. employs about 145 to use, by investigating the state-of-the-art and best practices for the class of scheduling problems environmental impact. The well versed in the inner workings of the solver engines as ABB Group of companies

  5. National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants Calendar Year 2001

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Y. E. Townsend

    2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Nevada Test Site (NTS) is operated by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Operations Office (NNSA/NV) as the site for nuclear weapons testing, now limited to readiness activities, experiments in support of the national Stockpile Stewardship Program, and the activities listed below. Located in Nye County, Nevada, the site's southeast corner is about 88 km (55 mi) northwest of the major population center, Las Vegas, Nevada. The NTS covers about 3,561 km2 (1,375 mi2), an area larger than Rhode Island. Its size is 46 to 56 km (28 to 35 mi) east to west and from 64 to 88 km (40 to 55 mi) north to south. The NTS is surrounded, except on the south side, by public exclusion areas (Nellis Air Force Range [NAFR]) that provide another 24 to 104 km (15 to 65 mi) between the NTS and public lands (Figure 1.0). The NTS is characterized by desert valley and Great Basin mountain topography, with a climate, flora, and fauna typical of the southwest deserts. Population density within 150 km (93 mi) of the NTS is only about 0.2 persons per square kilometer, excluding the Las Vegas area. Restricted access, low population density in the surrounding area, and extended wind transport times are advantageous factors for the activities conducted at the NTS. Surface waters are scarce on the NTS, and slow-moving groundwater is present hundreds to thousands of feet below the land surface. The sources of radionuclides include current and previous activities conducted on the NTS (Figure 2.0). The NTS was the primary location for testing of nuclear explosives in the Continental U.S. between 1951 and 1992. Historical testing above or at ground surface has included (1) atmospheric testing in the 1950s and early 1960s, (2) earth-cratering experiments, and (3) open-air nuclear reactor and rocket engine testing. Since the mid-1950s, testing of nuclear explosive devices has occurred underground in drilled vertical holes or in mined tunnels (DOE 1996a). No such tests have been conducted since September 23, 1992 (DOE 2000). Limited non-nuclear testing includes spills of hazardous materials at the Hazardous Materials Spill Center, private technology development, aerospace and demilitarization activities, and site remediating activities. Processing of radioactive materials is limited to laboratory analyses, and handling is restricted to transport, storage, and assembly of nuclear explosive devices and operation of radioactive waste management sites (RWMSs) for low-level radioactive and mixed waste (DOE 1996a). Monitoring and evaluation of the various activities conducted onsite indicate that the potential sources of offsite radiation exposure in CY 2001 were releases from (1) evaporation of tritiated water (HTO) from containment ponds that receive drainage water from E Tunnel in Area 12 and from discharges of two wells (Well U-3cn PS No. 2 and Well ER-20-5 No.3) into lined ponds, (2) onsite radio analytical laboratories, (3) the Area 5 RWMS (RWMS-5) facility, and (4) diffuse sources of tritium and re- suspension of plutonium and americium. The following sections present a general description of the present sources on the NTS and at the North Las Vegas Facility.

  6. Remedial Action Plan and Site Design for Stabilization of the Inactive Uranium Mill Tailings Site, Maybell, Colorado. Remedial action selection report: Attachment 2, Geology report, Final

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Maybell uranium mill tailings site is 25 miles (mi) (40 kilometers [km]) west of the town of Craig, Colorado, in Moffat County, in the northwestern part of the state. The unincorporated town of Maybell is 5 road mi (8 km) southwest of the site. The designated site covers approximately 110 acres (ac) (45 hectares [ha]) and consists of a concave-shaped tailings pile and rubble from the demolition of the mill buildings buried in the former mill area. Contaminated materials at the Maybell processing site include the tailings pile, which has an average depth of 20 feet (ft) (6 meters [m]) and contains 2.8 million cubic yards (yd{sup 3}) (2.1 million cubic meters [m{sup 3}]) of tailings. The former mill processing area is on the north side of the site and contains 20,000 yd{sup 3} (15,000 m{sup 3}) of contaminated demolition debris. Off-pile contamination is present and includes areas adjacent to the tailings pile, as well as contamination dispersed by wind and surface water flow. The volume of off-pile contamination to be placed in the disposal cell is 550,000 yd{sup 3} (420,000 m{sup 3}). The total volume of contaminated materials to be disposed of as part of the remedial action is estimated to be 3.37 million yd{sup 3} (2.58 million m{sup 3}). Information presented in this Final Remedial Action Plan (RAP) and referenced in supporting documents represents the current disposal cell design features and ground water compliance strategy proposed by the US Department of Energy (DOE) for the Maybell, Colorado, tailings site. Both the disposal cell design and the ground water compliance strategy have changed from those proposed prior to the preliminary final RAP document as a result of prudent site-specific technical evaluations.

  7. Corrective action decision document, Second Gas Station, Tonopah test range, Nevada (Corrective Action Unit No. 403)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Corrective Action Decision Document (CADD) for Second Gas Station (Corrective Action Unit [CAU] No. 403) has been developed for the U.S. Department of Energy`s (DOE) Nevada Environmental Restoration Project to meet the requirements of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) of 1996 as stated in Appendix VI, {open_quotes}Corrective Action Strategy{close_quotes} (FFACO, 1996). The Second Gas Station Corrective Action Site (CAS) No. 03-02-004-0360 is the only CAS in CAU No. 403. The Second Gas Station CAS is located within Area 3 of the Tonopah Test Range (TTR), west of the Main Road at the location of former Underground Storage Tanks (USTs) and their associated fuel dispensary stations. The TTR is approximately 225 kilometers (km) (140 miles [mi]) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada, by air and approximately 56 km (35 mi) southeast of Tonopah, Nevada, by road. The TTR is bordered on the south, east, and west by the Nellis Air Force Range and on the north by sparsely populated public land administered by the Bureau of Land Management and the U.S. Forest Service. The Second Gas Station CAS was formerly known as the Underground Diesel Tank Site, Sandia Environmental Restoration Site Number 118. The gas station was in use from approximately 1965 to 1980. The USTs were originally thought to be located 11 meters (m) (36 feet [ft]) east of the Old Light Duty Shop, Building 0360, and consisted of one gasoline UST (southern tank) and one diesel UST (northern tank) (DOE/NV, 1996a). The two associated fuel dispensary stations were located northeast (diesel) and southeast (gasoline) of Building 0360 (CAU 423). Presently the site is used as a parking lot, Building 0360 is used for mechanical repairs of vehicles.

  8. Applying distributions of hydraulic conductivity for anisotropic systems and applications to Tc Transport at the U.S. Department of Energy Hanford Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allen G Hunt

    2008-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    43Tc99 is spreading mostly laterally through the U.S. Department of Energy Hanford site sediments. At higher tensions in the unsaturated zone, the hydraulic conductivity may be strongly anisotropic as a consequence of finer soils to retain more water than coarser ones, and for these soils to have been deposited primarily in horizontal structures. We have tried to develop a consistent modeling procedure that could predict the behavior of Tc plumes. Our procedure consists of: (1) Adapting existing numerical recipes based on critical path analysis to calculate the hydraulic conductivity, K, as a function of tension, h, (2) Statistically correlating the predicted K at various values of the tension with fine content, (3) Seeking a tension value, for which the anisotropy and the horizontal K values are both sufficiently large to accommodate multi-kilometer spreading, (4) Predicting the distribution of K values for vertical flow as a function of system support volume, (5) Comparing the largest likely K value in the vertical direction with the expected K in the horizontal direction, (6) Finding the length scale at which the two K values are roughly equal, (7) Comparing that length scale with the horizontal spreading of the plume. We find that our predictions of the value of the tension at which the principle spreading is likely occurring compares very well with experiment. However, we seem to underestimate the physical length scale at which the predominantly horizontal spreading begins to take on significant vertical characteristics. Our data and predictions would seem to indicate that this should happen after horizontal transport of somewhat over a km, but the chiefly horizontal transport appears to continue out to scales of 10km or so.

  9. Non-Thermal Treatment of Hanford Site Low-Level Mixed Waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DOE proposes to transport contact-handled LLMW from the Hanford Site to the Allied Technology Group (ATG) Mixed Waste Facility (MWF) in Richland, Washington, for non-thermal treatment and to return the treated waste to the Hanford Site for eventual land disposal. Over a 3-year period the waste would be staged to the ATG MWF, and treated waste would be returned to the Hanford Site. The ATG MWF would be located on an 18 hectare (ha) (45 acre [at]) ATG Site adjacent to ATG's licensed low-level waste processing facility at 2025 Battelle Boulevard. The ATG MWF is located approximately 0.8 kilometers (km) (0.5 miles [mi]) south of Horn Rapids Road and 1.6 km (1 mi) west of Stevens Drive. The property is located within the Horn Rapids triangle in northern Richland (Figure 2.1). The ATG MWF is to be located on the existing ATG Site, near the DOE Hanford Site, in an industrial area in the City of Richland. The effects of siting, construction, and overall operation of the MWF have been evaluated in a separate State Environmental Policy Act (SEPA) EIS (City of Richland 1998). The proposed action includes transporting the LLMW from the Hanford Site to the ATG Facility, non-thermal treatment of the LLMW at the ATG MWF, and transporting the waste from ATG back to the Hanford Site. Impacts fi-om waste treatment operations would be bounded by the ATG SEPA EIS, which included an evaluation of the impacts associated with operating the non-thermal portion of the MWF at maximum design capacity (8,500 metric tons per year) (City of Richland 1998). Up to 50 employees would be required for non-thermal treatment portion of the MWF. This includes 40 employees that would perform waste treatment operations and 10 support staff. Similar numbers were projected for the thermal treatment portion of the MWF (City of Richland 1998).

  10. Rulison Site Surface Closure Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Closure Report provides documentation for closure of the Rulison Site surface and summarizes the data from groundwater monitoring conducted quarterly in 1996 and 1997. The quarterly groundwater monitoring was conducted to demonstrate that no contaminants are migrating from the pond after completion of the pond remediation activities. The Rulison Site is located in the North 1/2 of the Southwest 1/4 of Section 25, Township 7 South, Range 95 West of the 6` Principal Meridian, Garfield County, Colorado, approximately 19 kilometers (km) (12 miles [mi]) southwest of Rifle, Colorado, and approximately 65 km (40 mi) northeast of Grand Junction, Colorado (Figure I - 1). The site is situated on the north slope of Battlement Mesa on the upper reaches of Battlement Creek at an elevation of approximately 2,500 meters (m) (8,200 feet [ft]). The valley is open to the north-northwest and is bounded on the other three sides by steep mountain slopes that rise to elevations above 2,927 m (9,600 ft). Project Rulison was a joint U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) and Austral Oil Company (Austral) experiment. It was conducted under the AEC`s Plowshare Program to evaluate the feasibility of using a nuclear device to stimulate natural gas production in low- permeability, gas-producing geologic formations. The experiment consisted of detonating a 40-kiloton nuclear device at a depth of 2, 568 m (8,426 ft) below ground surface on September 10, 1969, followed by natural gas production testing in 1970 and 1971 (AEC, 1973).

  11. Performance test results for the Eaton dc developmental power train in an electric test bed vehicle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crumley, R.L.; Donaldson, M.R.

    1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the results of the tests performed on a direct current (dc) power train in a test bed vehicle developed by the Eaton Corporation for the US Department of Energy (DOE). The tests were performed by EG and G Idaho, Inc. at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The purpose of the INEL testing was to provide test results from which an evaluation of the performance capabilities of the Eaton dc power train could be made and compared with other vehicle propulsion systems. The planned tests were primarily oriented toward road testing, chassis dynamometer testing, and associated dynamometer coastdown tests for road loss determination. Range tests of the Eaton dc test bed vehicle using an ALCO 2200 lead acid battery pack, produced ranges of 97 km at 56 km/h (60 miles at 35 mph), 79 km at 72 km/h (49 miles at 45 mph), and 47 km at 88 km/h (29 miles at 55 mph). The corresponding net dc energy consumptions are 135 Wh/km (217 Wh/mile), 145 Wh/km (233 Wh/mile), and 178 Wh/km (287 Wh/mile). The energy consumption for the D-cycle test was 241 Wh/km (387 Wh/mile). 8 refs., 11 figs., 16 tabs.

  12. Dynamometer testing of the U.S. Electricar Geo Prizm conversion electric vehicle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richardson, R.A.; Yarger, E.J.; Cole, G.H.

    1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A Geo Prizm electric vehicle conversion by U.S. Electricar was tested in the INEL HEV Laboratory over several standard driving regimes. The vehicle, owned by the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP), was loaned to the INEL for performance testing under a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the California Air Resources Board (CARB). The Prizm conversion is the fourth vehicle in the planned test series. A summary of the test results is presented as Table ES-1. For the LA-92 and the Highway Fuel Economy Test cycles, the driving cycle ranges were 71 and 95 km, respectively. The net DC energy consumption during these cycles was measured at 199 and 154 W-h/km, respectively. During the constant-current-discharge test, the vehicle was driven 150 km at an average steady speed of 43 km/h. Energy consumption at various steady-state speeds, averaged over two tests, was approximately 108 W-h/km at 40 km/hr and 175 W-h/km at 96 km/h at 80T state-of-charge (SOC). Gradeability-at-speed tests indicated that the vehicle can be driven at 80 km/h up a simulated 5% grade for periods up to 15 minutes beginning at an initial 100% SOC, and 3 minutes beginning at 80% battery depth-of-discharge (DOD). Maximum-effort vehicle acceleration times were determined at five different battery DODs and speeds from 24 to 104 km/h. The acceleration is approximately linear up to 48 km/h, with no DOD effect; at higher speeds the curve becomes non-linear, and the effect of DOD becomes increasingly evident. Gradeability at each of these speeds was also determined, showing a decrease from the initial 26% at 24 km/h to 4% at 104 km/h.

  13. Stabilization Wedges and the Polygame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CO2/yr emissions a) Drive 24,000 km/yr, 5 liters/100km b) Fly 24,000 km/yr c) Heat home Natural gas, average house, average climate d) Lights 300 kWh/month when all coal-power (600 kWh/month, natural-gas in China must explore low-carbon industrialization. X #12;300 350 400 450 500 550 600 Base year (1990) 1992

  14. Specialty Vehicles The first fuel cell vehicles were specialty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for space applications. Union Carbide delivered a fuel cell scooter to the U.S. Army in 1967. PEM fuel cells-kW PEM fuel cell stack. ZES III has a top speed of 58 km/hour and a range of 120 km at 30 kmPont Fuel Cells and DuPont Taiwan, Ltd., have agreements in place to commercialize PEM fuel cells

  15. Chelle Gentemann Frank Wentz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ° inclination. Altitude of 350km. Full coverage in ~2 days. 50 km footprint Swath width: 760 km 5 channels: 10 Environmental Scenes 42,195 Radiosondes 5 Cloud Models SST Randomly Varied ±±±±5ºC about climatology Wind Speed Randomly Varied from 0 to 25m/s Wind Direction Randomly Varied from 0 to 360º Complete Radiative Transfer

  16. 2010 Hypatia Contest (Grade 11) Friday, April 9, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Le Roy, Robert J.

    or entirely by airplane. The cities form a right-angled triangle as shown, with C a distance of 3000 km from an airplane, it costs her a $100 booking fee, plus $0.10 per kilometre. A B C 3000 km 3250 km (a) To begin her for the length of BQ in terms of x. (c) Determine the exact value of x. (d) Determine the exact area of APE. A B

  17. Environmental concerns are driving the development of the welding processes and applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    grade steel) · Lower running cost 30 % · Reduction of CO2 emissions 15 % · Lower manufacturing cost 20: · Reduction of CO2 by 50 % per passenger-km in the long term · Reduction of NOX-gases by 20 % (80 fuel efficiency: 3,2 ­ 4,5 litre/100km · Lower CO2 emission: 86 ­ 108 g/km · Low environmental impact

  18. Area 6 Decontamination Pond Corrective Action Unit 92 Post-Closure Inspection Annual Report for the Period January 2000-December 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. L. Traynor

    2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Area 6 Decontamination Pond, Corrective Action Unit 92, was closed in accordance with the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Part B Operational Permit (Nevada Division of Environmental Protection [NDEP, 1995]) and the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (NDEP, 1996) on May 11, 1999. Historically the Decontamination Pond was used for the disposal of partially treated liquid effluent discharged from the Decontamination Facility (Building 6-05) and the Industrial Laundry (Building 6-07) (U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office [DOE/NV], 1996). The Decontamination Pond was constructed and became operational in 1979. Releases of RCRA-regulated hazardous waste or hazardous waste constituents have not been discharged to the Decontamination Pond since 1988 (DOE/NV, 1996). The pipe connecting the Decontamination Pond and Decontamination Facility and Industrial Laundry were cut and sealed at the Decontamination Pad Oil/Water Separator in 1992. The Decontamination Pond was closed in place by installing a RCRA cover. Fencing was installed around the periphery to prevent accidental damage to the cover. Post-closure monitoring at the site consists of quarterly inspections of the RCRA cover and fencing, and a subsidence survey. Additional inspections are conducted if: Precipitation occurs in excess of 1.28 centimeters (cm) (0.50 inches [in]) in a 24-hour period, or An earthquake occurs with a magnitude exceeding 4.5 on the Richter scale within 100 kilometers (km) (62 miles [mi]) of the closure.

  19. Climatology of Mid-latitude Ionospheric Disturbances from the Very Large Array Low-frequency Sky Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helmboldt, J F; Cotton, W D

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The results of a climatological study of ionospheric disturbances derived from observations of cosmic sources from the Very Large Array (VLA) Low-frequency Sky Survey (VLSS) are presented. We have used the ionospheric corrections applied to the 74 MHz interferometric data within the VLSS imaging process to obtain fluctuation spectra for the total electron content (TEC) gradient on spatial scales from a few to hundreds of kilometers and temporal scales from less than one minute to nearly an hour. The observations sample nearly all times of day and all seasons. They also span latitudes and longitudes from 28 deg. N to 40 deg. N and 95 deg. W to 114 deg. W, respectively. We have binned and averaged the fluctuation spectra according to time of day, season, and geomagnetic (Kp index) and solar (F10.7) activity. These spectra provide a detailed, multi-scale account of seasonal and intraday variations in ionospheric activity with wavelike structures detected at wavelengths between about 35 and 250 km. In some cases,...

  20. Environmental assessment of remedial action at the Naturita Uranium Processing Site near Naturita, Colorado. Revision 4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act (UMTRCA) of 1978, Public Law (PL) 95-604, authorized the US Department of Energy (DOE) to perform remedial action at the Naturita, Colorado, uranium processing site to reduce the potential health effects from the radioactive materials at the site and at vicinity properties associated with the site. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) promulgated standards for the UMTRCA that contain measures to control the contaminated materials and to protect groundwater quality. Remedial action at the Naturita site must be performed in accordance with these standards and with the concurrence of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the state of Colorado. The proposed remedial action for the Naturita processing site is relocation of the contaminated materials and debris to either the Dry Flats disposal site, 6 road miles (mi) [10 kilometers (km)] to the southeast, or a licensed non-DOE disposal facility capable of handling RRM. At either disposal site, the contaminated materials would be stabilized and covered with layers of earth and rock. The proposed Dry Flats disposal site is on land administered by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and used primarily for livestock grazing. The final disposal site would cover approximately 57 ac (23 ha), which would be permanently transferred from the BLM to the DOE and restricted from future uses. The remedial action would be conducted by the DOE`s Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project. This report discusses environmental impacts associated with the proposed remedial action.

  1. Remedial action plan and site design for stabilization of the inactive uranium mill tailings sites at Slick Rock, Colorado. Remedial action selection report, Appendix B

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Slick Rock uranium mill tailings sites are located near the small town of Slick Rock, in San Miguel County, Colorado. There are two designated UMTRA sites at Slick Rock, the Union Carbide (UC) site and the North Continent (NC) site. Both sites are adjacent to the Dolores River. The UC site is approximately 1 mile (mi) [2 kilometers (km)] downstream of the NC site. Contaminated materials cover an estimated 55 acres (ac) [22 hectares (ha)] at the UC site and 12 ac (4.9 ha) at the NC site. The sites contain former mill building concrete foundations, tailings piles, demolition debris, and areas contaminated by windblown and waterborne radioactive materials. The total estimated volume of contaminated materials is approximately 620, 000 cubic yards (yd{sup 3}) [470,000 cubic meters (m{sup 3})]. In addition to the contamination at the two processing site areas, four vicinity properties were contaminated. Contamination associated with the UC and NC sites has leached into groundwater.

  2. Clean slate corrective action investigation plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Clean Slate sites discussed in this report are situated in the central portion of the Tonopah Test Range (TTR), north of the Nevada Test Site (NTS) on the northwest portion of the Nellis Air Force Range (NAFR) which is approximately 390 kilometers (km) (240 miles [mi]) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada. These sites were the locations for three of the four Operation Roller Coaster experiments. These experiments evaluated the dispersal of plutonium in the environment from the chemical explosion of a plutonium-bearing device. Although it was not a nuclear explosion, Operation Roller Coaster created some surface contamination which is now the subject of a corrective action strategy being implemented by the Nevada Environmental Restoration Project (NV ERP) for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Corrective Action Investigation (CAI) activities will be conducted at three of the Operation Roller Coaster sites. These are Clean Slate 1 (CS-1), Clean Slate 2 (CS-2), and Clean Slate 3 (CS-3) sites, which are located on the TTR. The document that provides or references all of the specific information relative to the various investigative processes is called the Corrective Action Investigation Plan (CAIP). This CAIP has been prepared for the DOE Nevada Operations Office (DOE/NV) by IT Corporation (IT).

  3. Remedial Action Plan and site design for stabilization of the inactive uranium mill tailings site at Gunnison, Colorado. Attachment 2, Geology report: Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Detailed investigations of geologic, geomorphic, and seismic conditions at the Landfill disposal site were conducted. The purpose of these studies was basic site characterization and identification of potential geologic hazards that could affect long-term site stability. Subsequent engineering studies, such as analyses of hydrologic and liquefaction hazards, used the data developed in these studies. The geomorphic analysis was employed in the design of effective erosion protection. Studies of the regional and local seismotectonic setting, which included a detailed search for possible capable faults within a 65-kilometer (km) (40-mile) radius of the site, provided the basis for seismic design parameters. The scope of work performed included the following: Compilation and analysis of previous published and unpublished geologic literature and maps. Review of historical and instrumental earthquake data. Review of site-specific subsurface geologic data, including lithologic and geophysical logs of exploratory boreholes advanced in the site area. Photogeologic interpretations of existing conventional aerial photographs. Ground reconnaissance and mapping of the site region.

  4. Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 135: Area 25 Underground Storage Tanks Nevada Test Site, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office

    1999-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This Corrective Action Investigation Plan (CAIP) has been developed in accordance with the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) that was agreed to by the US Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office (DOE/NV); the State of Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP); and the US Department of Defense (FFACO, 1996). The CAIP is a document that provides or references all of the specific information for investigation activities associated with Corrective Action Units (CAUs) or Corrective Action Sites (CASs). According to the FFACO, CASs are sites potentially requiring corrective action(s) and may include solid waste management units or individual disposal or release sites (FFACO, 1996). Corrective Action Units consist of one or more CASs grouped together based on geography, technical similarity, or agency responsibility for the purpose of determining corrective actions. This CAIP contains the environmental sample collection objectives and the criteria for conducting site investigation activities at CAU 135, Area 25 Underground Storage Tanks (USTs), which is located on the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The NTS is approximately 105 kilometers (km) (65 miles [mi]) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada.

  5. Emplacement of bitumen (asphalite) veins in the Nequen Basin, Argentina

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parnell, J.; Carey, P.F. [The Queen`s Univ. of Belfast (United Kingdom)

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Veins of solid bitumen (asphaltite) have been commerically exploited in the Neuquen basin, Argentina, for over 100 yr. Veins are up to 5 m wide and several kilometers in length, over a region of 15,000 km{sup 2}. These veins were emplaced in fractures both parallel and at high angles to bedding, in close proximity to their source rocks in the Vaca Muetra and Agrio formation (Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous). Two or more phases of bitumen emplacement can be recognized in several localities; structures bearing viscous oil are younger than structures having solid bitumen. Bitumen emplacement was vigorous and caused brecciation and spalling of the host rocks. The bitumen was also viscous, and supports rock debris ranging in size from sand grains up to meter-scale slabs. Brecciation, bedding-parallel injection, and wall rock impregnation suggest high fluid pressures during emplacement. High fluid pressure may have been engendered by substantial hydrocarbon generation from rich source rocks in a low-permeability sequence, and probably caused the fractures into which the bitumen migrated. The bedding-parallel veins facilitated decollement during thrusting that took place during and after bitumen emplacement. The timing of emplacement relative to thrusting and oil migration constrains bitumen emplacement to the Eocene-Oligocene.

  6. Environmental assessment of remedial action at the Naturita uranium processing site near Naturita, Colorado. Revision 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The proposed remedial action for the Naturita processing site is relocation of the contaminated materials and debris to the Dry Flats disposal site, 6 road miles (mi) [10 kilometers (km)] to the southeast. At the disposal site, the contaminated materials would be stabilized and covered with layers of earth and rock. The proposed disposal site is on land administered by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and used primarily for livestock grazing. The final disposal site would cover approximately 57 ac (23 ha), which would be permanently transferred from the BLM to the DOE and restricted from future uses. The remedial action activities would be conducted by the DOE`s Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project. The proposed remedial action would result in the loss of approximately 162 ac (66 ha) of soils at the processing and disposal sites; however, 133 ac (55 ha) of these soils at and adjacent to the processing site are contaminated and cannot be used for other purposes. If supplemental standards are approved by the NRC and state of Colorado, approximately 112 ac (45 ha) of contaminated soils adjacent to the processing site would not be cleaned up. This area is steeply sloped. The cleanup of this contamination would have adverse environmental consequences and would be potentially hazardous to remedial action workers. Another 220 ac (89 ha) of soils would be temporarily disturbed during the remedial action. The final disposal site would result in approximately 57 ac (23 ha) being removed from livestock grazing and wildlife use.

  7. UMTRA project water sampling and analysis plan, Falls City, Texas. Revision 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Planned, routine ground water sampling activities at the US Department of Energy (DOE) Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project site near Falls City, Texas, are described in this water sampling and analysis plan (WSAP). The following plan identifies and justifies the sampling locations, analytical parameters, and sampling frequency for the routine monitoring stations at the site. The ground water data are used for site characterization and risk assessment. The regulatory basis for routine ground water monitoring at UMTRA Project sites is derived from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations in 40 CFR Part 192. Sampling procedures are guided by the UMTRA Project standard operating procedures (SOP) (JEG, n.d.), the Technical Approach Document (TAD) (DOE, 1989), and the most effective technical approach for the site. The Falls City site is in Karnes County, Texas, approximately 8 miles [13 kilometers southwest of the town of Falls City and 46 mi (74 km) southeast of San Antonio, Texas. Before surface remedial action, the tailings site consisted of two parcels. Parcel A consisted of the mill site, one mill building, five tailings piles, and one tailings pond south of Farm-to-Market (FM) Road 1344 and west of FM 791. A sixth tailings pile designated Parcel B was north of FM 791 and east of FM 1344.

  8. X-ray Emission from Thunderstorms and Lightning

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Joseph Dwyer

    2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    How lightning is initiated in the relatively low electric fields inside thunderclouds and how it can then propagate for tens of kilometers through virgin air are two of the great unsolved problems in the atmospheric sciences.  Until very recently it was believed that lightning was entirely a conventional discharge, involving only low-energy (a few eV) electrons.  This picture changed completely a few years ago with the discovery of intense x-ray emission from both natural cloud-to-ground lightning and rocket-triggered lightning.  This energetic emission cannot be produced by a conventional discharge, and so the presence of x-rays strongly implies that runaway breakdown plays a role in lightning processes.  During runaway breakdown, electrons are accelerated through air to nearly the speed of light by strong electric fields.  These runaway electrons then emit bremsstrahlung x-rays and gamma-rays during collisions with air.  Indeed, the x-ray and gamma-ray emission produced by runaway breakdown near the tops of thunderstorms is bright enough to be seen from outer space, 600 km away.  As a result, the physics used for decades to describe thunderstorm electrification and lightning discharges is incomplete and needs to be revisited. 

  9. Detecting First Star Lyman-$?$ Spheres through Gravitational Telescopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guoliang Li; Pengjie Zhang; Xuelei Chen

    2007-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Lyman-$\\alpha$ spheres, i.e. regions around the first stars which are illuminated by Lyman-$\\alpha$ photons and show 21cm absorption feature against the CMB, are smoking guns at the dawn of the reionization epoch. Though overwhelming radio foreground makes their detections extremely difficult, we pointed out that, strong gravitational lensing can significantly improve their observational feasibility. Since Lyman-$\\alpha$ spheres have ~10" sizes, comparable to the caustic size of galaxy clusters, individual images of each strongly lensed Lyman-$\\alpha$ sphere often merge together and form single structures in the 21cm sky with irregular shapes. Using high-resolution N-body LCDM simulations, we found that the lensing probability to have magnification bigger than 10 is ~10^{-5}. This results in $\\ga 10^6$ strongly lensed Lyman-$\\alpha$ spheres across the sky, which should be the primary targets for first detections of Lyman-$\\alpha$ spheres. Although the required total radio array collecting area for their detection is large (~100 km^2), the design of long fixed cylindrical reflectors can significantly reduce the total cost of such array to the level of the square kilometer array (SKA) and makes the detection of these very first objects feasible.

  10. Proximal potentially seismogenic sources for Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gibson, J.D.

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent geologic and geophysical investigations within the Albuquerque Basin have shed light on the potentially seismogenic sources that might affect Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico (SNL/NM), a multi-disciplinary research and engineering facility of the US Department of Energy (DOE). This paper presents a summary of potentially seismogenic sources for SNL/NM, emphasizing those sources within approximately 8 kilometers (km) of the site. Several significant faults of the central Rio Grande rift transect SNL/NM. Although progress has been made on understanding the geometry and interactions of these faults, little is known of the timing of most recent movement or on recurrent intervals for these faults. Therefore, whether particular faults or fault sections have been active during the Holocene or even the late Pleistocene is undocumented. Although the overall subdued surface expression of many of these faults suggests that they have low to moderate slip rates, the proximity of these faults to critical (e.g., nuclear) and non-critical (e.g., high-occupancy, multistory office/light lab) facilities at SNL/NM requires their careful examination for evaluation of potential seismic hazard.

  11. Gamma-ray and neutrino fluxes from Heavy Dark Matter in the Galactic Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Gammaldi; J. A. R. Cembranos; A. de la Cruz-Dombriz; R. A. Lineros; A. L. Maroto

    2014-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a study of the Galactic Center region as a possible source of both secondary gamma-ray and neutrino fluxes from annihilating dark matter. We have studied the gamma-ray flux observed by the High Energy Stereoscopic System (HESS) from the J1745-290 Galactic Center source. The data are well fitted as annihilating dark matter in combination with an astrophysical background. The analysis was performed by means of simulated gamma spectra produced by Monte Carlo event generators packages. We analyze the differences in the spectra obtained by the various Monte Carlo codes developed so far in particle physics. We show that, within some uncertainty, the HESS data can be fitted as a signal from a heavy dark matter density distribution peaked at the Galactic Center, with a power-law for the background with a spectral index which is compatible with the Fermi-Large Area Telescope (LAT) data from the same region. If this kind of dark matter distribution generates the gamma-ray flux observed by HESS, we also expect to observe a neutrino flux. We show prospective results for the observation of secondary neutrinos with the Astronomy with a Neutrino Telescope and Abyss environmental RESearch project (ANTARES), Ice Cube Neutrino Observatory (Ice Cube) and the Cubic Kilometer Neutrino Telescope (KM3NeT). Prospects solely depend on the device resolution angle when its effective area and the minimum energy threshold are fixed.

  12. Missile launch detection electric field perturbation experiment. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kane, R.J.; Rynne, T.M.

    1993-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and SARA Inc. participated in the ATMD missile launch activities that occurred at WSMR during January 1993. LLNL and SARA deployed sensors for monitoring of basic phenomena. An attempt was made to measure perturbations of the earth geo-potential during the launch of a Lance missile. The occurrence of the perturbation is expected from the conducting body of the missile and the exhaust plume. A set of voltage-probe antennas were used to monitor the local electric field perturbation from the launch at ranges of approximately 1 km. Examination of the data acquired during the launch period failed to show identifiable correlation of the field variations with the launch event. Three reasons are ascribed to this lack of event data: (1) The electric field potential variations have a limited spatial correlation length - the fields measured in one region have little correlation to measurements made at distances of a kilometer away. The potential variations are related to localized atmospheric disturbances and are generally unpredictable. A value for the spatial correlation length is also not known. (2) The conductivity of the plume and missile body are not adequate to produce a field perturbation of adequate magnitude. Phenomena related to the exhaust plume and missile may exist and be outside of the collection range of the equipment employed for these measurements. (3) The presence of 60 Hz power line noise was of sufficient magnitude to irreversibly contaminate measurements.

  13. Magnetotelluric Transect of Long Valley Caldera: Resistivity...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of observed and computed TE impedance and vertical magnetic field data. The abrupt termination of conductive caldera sediments less than 10 km north and south of our profile...

  14. E-Print Network 3.0 - aldona kryeviiene albinas Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    RESOLVING SYSTEMATIC RELATIONSHIPS WITH G-BANDS Summary: . delicatus (2N 60)-1 6, Suriname, Comm- weijne, Matapica; 16, Marowijne, 3 km SW Albina; 16, Para, Zanderij... ,...

  15. Fleuve, rivire Alitani(Litani)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -Montjoly Cayenne Roura Régina Ouanary Kaw Tonnegrande St -Georges Camopi SURINAME BR�SIL N 50 km Langues de Guyane

  16. 4, 35653606, 2004 Spatial and temporal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . The MBL aerosol size distribution some 50­100 km of the coast of French Guyana and Suriname showed a bi

  17. 8, 11591190, 2008 Halocarbons over the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    rainforest in Suriname and French Guyana (3­6 N, 51­59 W) in October 2005. In the boundary layer (0­1.4 km

  18. atmospheric emitted radiance: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    mesoscales (wavelengths of 64-957 km) were obtained potential energy by differential solar heating. This is converted to eddy available potential energy 11 The horizontal...

  19. Microbial Diversity-Based Novel Crop Protection Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yalpani, Ronald Flannagan, Rafael Herrmann, James Presnail, Tamas Torok, and Nasser

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    km “exclusion zone” in Chernobyl (ChEZ), Ukraine. Over the ysites in the USA, the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone surroundingkm “Exclusion Zone” in Chernobyl, Ukraine. These environmen

  20. Hydrogen refueling station costs in Shanghai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinert, Jonathan X.; Shaojun, Liu; Ogden, Joan M; Jianxin, Ma

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and vendors (e.g. Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. , Stuartin- cluding Chevron and Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. ,$/hr km $/liter with air products representative, February

  1. Groundwater investigation and modeling - western desert of Iraq.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Muqdadi, Sameh Wisam

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The region of interest is part from Iraqi western desert covering an area about 100,000 km². Several of the large wadis such as Hauran, Amij,… (more)

  2. Mulitdimensional reactive transport modeling of CO2 minreal sequestration in basalts at the Helllisheidi geothermal field, Iceland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aradottir, E.S.P.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    3 km SW of the Hellisheidi geothermal power plant, owned andbuilt next to Hellisheidi geothermal power plant. The pilotfrom Hellisheidi geothermal power plant. In simulations of

  3. Physical and biological dynamics of surfzone bacterial pollution : sources, transports, and removal mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rippy, Megan Anjuli

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    grid extending 160 m offshore, and from 1.5 – 2 km north ofgrid extending 160 m offshore, and from the Santa Ana River to 600 m north

  4. Physical and Biological Dynamics of Surfzone Bacterial Pollution: Sources, Transports, and Removal Mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rippy, Megan Anjuli

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    grid extending 160 m offshore, and from 1.5 – 2 km north ofgrid extending 160 m offshore, and from the Santa Ana River to 600 m north

  5. E-Print Network 3.0 - avhrr gimms terra Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR... Radiometer (AVHRR) global area coverage (GAC) data with a spatial resolution of 4-8 km indicate that... derived from AVHRR local area...

  6. Effect of Surface Site Interactions on Potentiometric Titration...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    accumulation behavior on single crystal faces of metal oxide minerals. Citation: Chatman SME, PP Zarzycki, T Preocanin, and KM Rosso.2013."Effect of Surface Site Interactions on...

  7. Surface Potentials of (001), (012), (113) Hematite (?-Fe2O3...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    morphology targets and pH for systematic improvements in efficiency. Citation: Chatman SME, PP Zarzycki, and KM Rosso.2013."Surface Potentials of (001), (012), (113) Hematite...

  8. Inner-Helmholtz Potential Development at the Hematite (alpha...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    used to predict inner-Helmholtz potentials of hematite electrodes. Citation: Boily JF, SME Chatman, and KM Rosso.2011."Inner-Helmholtz Potential Development at the Hematite...

  9. Journal of Paleolimnology ISSN 0921-2728

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    (&) Departamento de Ingenieri´a Civil y Ambiental, Universidad del Norte (Uninorte), km 5 vi´a Puerto Colombia

  10. Development of human brain connectivity in health and disease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colby, John Benjamin

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Eluvathingal, T.J. , Hasan, K.M. , Kramer, L. , Fletcher,M. , Cervellione K. L. , Hasan K. M. , Wu J. , McIlree C. ,

  11. Graphics for Lunar Phenomena 2013 Sept 18

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaudi, B. Scott

    ;Penumbra Sun Earth Umbra #12;Sunlight Umbra Penumbra Moon Earth #12;Moon at Perigee a(1-e) = 363,000 km

  12. Graphics for Lunar Phenomena 2014 Sept 26

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaudi, B. Scott

    ;Penumbra Sun Earth Umbra #12;Sunlight Umbra Penumbra Moon Earth #12;Moon at Perigee a(1-e) = 363,000 km

  13. DC Resistivity Survey (Wenner Array) At Mt Princeton Hot Springs...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Determination of groundwater flux patterns Notes Researchers measured DC resistivity and produced 12 resistivity profiles, each approximately 1.3 km in length. Equilibrium...

  14. E-Print Network 3.0 - accelerator produced nuclides Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Livermore, CA... watershed. In situ- produced cosmogenic 10 Be was measured in 24 sediment samples to estimate the background... small tributary watersheds (<10 km2 ) to...

  15. E-Print Network 3.0 - aqueous nitrate flowsheet Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hanford Site, located in Southeastern Washington... tetrachloride (CT) and nitrate contamination covers at least 5 km2. Within this area, CT concentrations up to 1... nitrate...

  16. Equipa de Formula Student do IST apresenta novo FST 05e

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

    engenharia e segundo lugar em Custo e Sustentabilidade. O novo FST 05e acelere dos 0 aos 100 Km/h em apenas 2

  17. Earth Sci. Res. J. Vol. 10, No. 2 (December 2006): 57-65 DISSIMILARITY-BASED CLASSIFICATION OF SEISMIC SIGNALS AT NEVADO DEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duin, Robert P.W.

    Procesamiento Digital de Señales, Campus La Nubia, km 7 vía al Magdalena, Manizales, Colombia. 2 INGEOMINAS

  18. E-Print Network 3.0 - acetate transfer influences Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the proposed mechanism. Replacement of E385 influenced the Km values for acetate and ATP with only... indicates that neither residue is essential for catalysis or significantly...

  19. Physics Potential of the gamma=100,100 Beta Beam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Mezzetto

    2005-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The physics potential of a Beta Beam fired from CERN to a 440 kton water Cerenkov detector at a distance of 130 Km is computed.

  20. PermophilesInternational Commission on Stratigraphy International Union of Geological Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for Tonquin Lodge in Jasper via the Icefields Parkway. 84 Day 4; We leave Jasper on a 560 km return journey

  1. On scale and magnitude of pressure build-up induced by large-scale geologic storage of CO2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Q.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    produced water from production of crude oil, natural gas,combined U.S. production rate of crude oil (0.3 km 3 ) and

  2. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from steam to diesel and electric due to environmentalby Mode Diesel Locomotives (kg diesel/1000 t-km) Electricby diesel engines with lower utilization of electric,

  3. The Response of Long-Span Bridges to Low Frequency, Near-Fault Earthquake Ground Motions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCallen, David

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Landers earthquake, Lucerne station) Figure 3. Acceleration,record was from the Landers Lucerne station (~2Km from the074, Turkey YPT, Landers Lucerne) For station YPT, the

  4. E-Print Network 3.0 - abnormal resistive zones Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the processes and geological settings that lead... zone could be converted into a self-sustaining subduction zone after approximately 100 km Source: Gurnis, Michael - Division of...

  5. E-Print Network 3.0 - anterior intraparietal area Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    sulcus (area AIP) (Sakata et al... , S., Stephan, K.M., Hefter, H., ... Source: Hamilton, Antonia - School of Psychology, University of Nottingham Collection: Biology and...

  6. Oceans Conference Record (IEEE) 2003. Volume 4:1982-1985) Educational Outreach Efforts of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matsumoto, George I.

    on why plant seeds have different shapes or why the moon looks different each week." [2] This type of 4000 meters 60 km offshore

  7. Revision of Ufens Girault, 1911 (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owen, Albert K.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and D. Khalu (1 ). Western Australia: Nambung NP, Hangoversavanna scrub (1 ). Western Australia: Erskine Conservationforest (1 ). Western Australia: 10 km N of Kununurra,

  8. The chemical-in-plug bacterial chemotaxis assay is prone to false positive responses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jun; Go, Alvin C; Ward, Mandy J; Ottemann, Karen M

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    pathogenicity island of Helicobacter pylori, encodes type I-mouse model of Helicobacter pylori infection: IntroducingKM, Lowenthal A: Helicobacter pylori uses motility for both

  9. Residential and Transport Energy Use in India: Past Trend and Future Outlook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de la Rue du Can, Stephane

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    GDP per capita Transport Future outlook Drivers of Transport Energyenergy demand per passenger-km. Figure 20. Car Ownership and GDP

  10. A Broadband Tensorial Magnetotelluric Study In The Travale Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to 2 km) of conducting (< 1 ohm m in some locations) cover formations and of the intensity of the artificial disturbances from local power stations and distribution lines....

  11. Photon stimulated desorption from KI: Laser control of I-atom...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    M Henyk AG Joly KM Beck WP Hess Capabilities: Spectroscopy and Diffraction NMR and EPR Facility: Radiochemistry Annex Science Theme: Energy Materials & Processes Terrestrial...

  12. E-Print Network 3.0 - adriatic sea croatian Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and California. The Adriatic Sea extends 800 km into the heart... total organic load of industrial waste entering the Adriatic Sea from the west is concentrated... and anchovy...

  13. Benthic Assemblage Variability in the Upper San Francisco Estuary: A 27-Year Retrospective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, Heather A; Vayssieres, Marc

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    which lead from the Pacific Ocean to an inland river delta,San Joaquin River Pacific Ocean 10 m 16 km Water Export

  14. Johannesburg First Floor, 17 Baker Street,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarrett, Thomas H.

    on the Klerefontein farm (10km outside Carnarvon; turn-off on the R63 between Carnarvon and Williston) on Wednesday

  15. The University of Luxembourg at a Glance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Torre, Leon

    a new home on the Belval brownfield site in the Cité des Sciences, about 20 km southwest of the capital

  16. ams radiocarbon analysis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and 390 km, on board of the space shuttle Discovery (flight STS-91). AMS-01 included an Aerogel Threshold Cherenkov counter (ATC) to separate antiprotons from electrons and...

  17. ams radiocarbon measurements: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and 390 km, on board of the space shuttle Discovery (flight STS-91). AMS-01 included an Aerogel Threshold Cherenkov counter (ATC) to separate antiprotons from electrons and...

  18. E-Print Network 3.0 - absorption lidar transmitter Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology 35 Field demonstration of simultaneous wind and temperature measurements from 5 to 50 km with Summary: double-edge magneto-optic...

  19. Modelling Wind in the Electricity Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neuhoff, Karsten; Cust, J; Keats, Kim

    ). For a HVDC “grid” concept scheme, the cost estimate rises to between €2500m and €3400m. Neuhoff (2001) estimates the cost of a new interconnection to be between €190,000/km and €500,000/km with additional converter costs of around €57m... environmental impacts of transmission expansions and the trade offs between onshore and offshore transmission lines in the planning process. € Harmer 2GW (offshore) Harmer HVDC (offshore) Neuhoff (onshore) 200km 1170m 2500m 700km 2500m 3400m...

  20. Geothermal resources in Southwestern Utah: gravity and magnetotelluric investigations.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hardwick, Christian Lynn

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Recent geothermal studies on sedimentary basins in Western Utah suggest the possibility of significant geothermal reservoirs at depths of 3 to 5 km. This research… (more)

  1. Tendencias poblacionales recientes y distribucin de aves estepricas en las Islas Canarias orientales.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrascal, Luis M.

    de su distribución a escala de 1x1 km2. #12;· Este proyecto se nutre de los inventarios y programas

  2. E-Print Network 3.0 - anandamide transport inhibitor Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of the putative anandamide transporter that also... , Kaczocha M, Studholme KM, Deutsch DG (2003). ... Source: Cravatt, Benjamin - Department of Cell Biology, Scripps...

  3. Vehicle Modeling and Simulation

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    (L100km) NEDC Tunedline Route-Based Controlline NEDC Tunedpoint Route-Based Controlpoint -2% -2% Same RBC scheduling provides consistent savings across the range of...

  4. oxides | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lee JH, JK Fredrickson, RK Kukkadapu, MI Boyanov, KM Kemner, X Lin, DW Kennedy, BN Bjornstad, A Konopka, DA Moore, CT Resch, and JL Phillips.2012."Microbial Reductive...

  5. Microbial Reductive Transformation of Phyllosilicate Fe(III)...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lee JH, JK Fredrickson, RK Kukkadapu, MI Boyanov, KM Kemner, X Lin, DW Kennedy, BN Bjornstad, A Konopka, DA Moore, CT Resch, and JL Phillips.2012."Microbial Reductive...

  6. EMSL - semiconductors

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    JH, JK Fredrickson, RK Kukkadapu, MI Boyanov, KM Kemner, X Lin, DW Kennedy, BN Bjornstad, A Konopka, DA Moore, CT Resch, and JL Phillips.2012."Microbial Reductive...

  7. semiconductors | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lee JH, JK Fredrickson, RK Kukkadapu, MI Boyanov, KM Kemner, X Lin, DW Kennedy, BN Bjornstad, A Konopka, DA Moore, CT Resch, and JL Phillips.2012."Microbial Reductive...

  8. Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) comparing water with CO2 as heat transmission fluids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pruess, Karsten

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Clay Swelling in a Fractured Geothermal Reservoir,Transactions, Geothermal Resources Council, Vol. 28, pp.the 5-km Deep Enhanced Geothermal Reservoir at Soultz-sous-

  9. Geology of the San Diego margin, Carlsbad to La Jolla, San Diego County, California.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webb, James Franklin

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Geophysical interpretation of nearly 800 line km of various types of seismic reflection data along the San Diego margin between Carlsbad and San Diego was… (more)

  10. -7000-6500-6000-5500-5000-4500-4000-3500-3000-2500-2000-1500 -500 0 200 400 600 1000 1500 3500 7000 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becker, Thorsten W.

    topography m 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 hypocenter depth km open vectors

  11. Sustaining knowledge in the neutron generator community and benchmarking study.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barrentine, Tameka C.; Kennedy, Bryan C.; Saba, Anthony W.; Turgeon, Jennifer L.; Schneider, Julia Teresa; Stubblefield, William Anthony; Baldonado, Esther

    2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2004, the Responsive Neutron Generator Product Deployment department embarked upon a partnership with the Systems Engineering and Analysis knowledge management (KM) team to develop knowledge management systems for the neutron generator (NG) community. This partnership continues today. The most recent challenge was to improve the current KM system (KMS) development approach by identifying a process that will allow staff members to capture knowledge as they learn it. This 'as-you-go' approach will lead to a sustainable KM process for the NG community. This paper presents a historical overview of NG KMSs, as well as research conducted to move toward sustainable KM.

  12. E-Print Network 3.0 - area northeast china Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy 84 Discussion Paper Industrial Organization of Summary: Resource and Reserves Chinas coal resources cover a land area of 600 thousand km2 , encompassing 6... % of the...

  13. Pre-seismic, co-seismic and post-seismic displacements associated with the Bhuj 2001 earthquake derived from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilham, Roger

    of approx- imately 10 mm/yr across the Rann of Kachchh. Motion of a single point at Jamnagar 150 km south

  14. Three-dimensional geologic structures from inversion of gravity anomalies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hinson, Charles Alvin

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    from an analysis of the sampling interval. 39 100 80 z0= 7km p = 1gm/cra R, /R6= 2 ~ 10 60 mgal . ~ ~ Numerical Integration Parker Method 40 20 64 56 48 40 32 km 10 a) 24 16 8 mgal ! km 10b) 16 8 Figure 10. Gravity profile across.... The input was the gravity profile shown in Figure 5. The model parameters are the same used by Oldenburg (1974, Figure 2, p. 533) for the case Z =6km. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Comparison of gravity profiles from the cosine model and from...

  15. Pour citer cet article Soraya Boudia, Naissance, extinction et rebonds d'une controverse scientifique : les dangers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    trouve à 160 km environ au nord-est de l'atoll Bikini dans les Iles Marshall, soit en dehors de la zone

  16. A numerical study of mesoscale convection in a rotating tropical atmosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitzpatrick, Patrick James

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    similar to the profile of a tropical disturbance. The meso-p forcing of convection consisted of' seven temperature perturbations con- fined below 2. 4 km at intervals of 8 km out to 60 km. The meso-9 forcing of convection comprised of a cosine thermal... perturbation field out to 75 km. Two different classes of simulations were performed. The first part explored how background vorticity affects convection generated by meso-7 and meso-9 forcing. The second part investigated how meso-9 forcing of convection...

  17. Development of design guidelines for two-lane, two-way rural highways in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raghupathy, Selvam

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on rural highways, which allows trucks to travel at 96 km/hr, there has been a marked increase in the percentage of trucks using these facilities (/). Furthermore, due to the speed differential existing on these facilities with cars being allowed... to travel at 112 km/hr, trucks at 96 km/hr, and school buses at 80 km/hr, potentially unsafe passing movements are attempted by motorists, increasing the risk of crashes on these facilities (/). Thus the lack of adequate passing opportunities on two...

  18. The periodic variations of the covariance and the effect on the probability of collision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Jung-Hwa

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    position of any other catalogued space object fell within a specified box region centered on the estimated SS position, then a collision avoidance maneuver was considered. The dimensions of the conjunction box were + 5 km in the in- track and + 2 km.... Meteoroids are part of the interplanetary environment, and sweep through Earth orbital space at an average speed of 20 km/s. At any one instant, a total of 200 kg of meteoroid mass is within 2000 km of the Earth's surface. Most of this mass is concentrated...

  19. An implementation and test of the NEXRAD Transverse Wind algorithm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bensinger, Richard Bruce

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    by 5 km array (BOX) size was selected with 50 percent overlap. Figure 17 shows the computed wind vectors for each 5 km box. The overall wind flow pattern is much the same as shown by the 10 km arrays. The strong westerly winds in the extreme...) sizes to extremes. Figure 21 shows the result of using a 35 by 35 km box. There were 1849 data points in the box and only a single wind vector was produced. With a 50 percent overlap, there was insufficient space within the storm boundary for any...

  20. Automobile Fuel; Economy and CO2 Emissions in Industrialized Countries: Troubling Trends through 2005/6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    s Commitment on CO2 Emission Reductions from Passenger Cars.is a small extra reduction in CO2 emissions per km due to a

  1. A comparison of the cranial morphology of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in the Gulf of Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Jason Phillip

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for animals from offshore environments to strand inside either area. Matagorda Bay is located at approximately 28'40' N, 95'50' W, about 160 km south of Galveston, Texas, while Sarasota Bay is located 48 km south of Tampa Bay, Florida, at approximately 27...

  2. THE CHARACTERIZATION OF SEISMIC AND INFRASOUND SIGNALS FROM MINING EXPLOSIONS a) Explosion Source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stump, Brian W.

    MORENCIDATA TXARDATA Natural Gas Explosion and Burn in New Mexico 19 August 2000 180 km NE of site No Seismic at TXAR T. Wallace Natural Gas Explosion and Burn in New Mexico T. Wallace Ft. Hancock Infrasound ~ 180 km are illustrated below. Type 1 - Coal overburden casting (Black Thunder) where explosions are designed to expose

  3. Lightning sferics and stroke-delayed pulses measured in the stratosphere: Implications for mesospheric currents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Jeremy N.

    Lightning sferics and stroke-delayed pulses measured in the stratosphere: Implications-to-ground (CG) lightning strokes at horizontal distances of 75­600 km were measured at altitudes of 30­35 km. Electric field changes were measured for each of the 2467 CG strokes detected by the Brazilian Integrated

  4. Observational evidence of an intensifying hydrological cycle in northern Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dery, Stephen

    Observational evidence of an intensifying hydrological cycle in northern Canada Stephen J. De´ry,1 for 45 rivers spanning 5.2 � 106 km2 of northern Canada are investigated. Discharge averages 1153 km3 yr of northern Canada, excluding some rivers with outlets to the Labrador Sea and eastern James Bay

  5. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 1984, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    requires the design and implementation of local storm water management plans, and many communities. In New Hampshire the poor performance of current storm water management is demonstrated by the fact- ventional best management practices (BMPs). The 21-km2 Great Bay Estuary is fed by a 2,400-km2 watershed. I

  6. A Comparison of Precipitation Forecast Skill between Small Convection-Allowing and Large Convection-Parameterizing Ensembles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Droegemeier, Kelvin K.

    A Comparison of Precipitation Forecast Skill between Small Convection- Allowing and Large Submitted to Weather and Forecasting in October 2008, Accepted in January 2009 * Corresponding author precipitation forecasts from a 5-member, 4-km grid-spacing (ENS4) and a 15-member, 20-km grid-spacing (ENS20

  7. For more information on Cambridge titles, please visit our website: www.cambridge.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawson, Jeff W.

    of LIPs' influence on natural resources such as mineral deposits, petroleum and aquifers. This is a one of LIPs 16. LIPs and implications for mineral, hydrocarbon and water resources #12;,000 km3, and often above 1 million km3. They are linked to continental break-up, global environmental

  8. General Motors Perspective Dr.-Ing.Wolfgang Oelerich

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    carbon fiber composite vessels Range: 320 km Over 2.5 million km (1.5 million miles) More than 19 measures to increase effective composite strength: Materials: fiber strength variability, translation Tank cost sources: Carbon fiber 40%, other 60% Hydrogen storage system costs are linear in Hydrogen

  9. Possible relation between land surface feedback and the post-landfall structure of monsoon depressions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niyogi, Dev

    rainfall received over the IMR. [3] The offshore evolution of MDs is well studied [e.g., Goswami, 1987 track and caused widespread flooding over northeast India, before dissipating over north- west India. MD (30 km, 10 km grid spacing; Figure S1) with the YSU PBL scheme, Grell- Devenyi convective

  10. Belly-Up in the Bayou, Who's the Culprit? Physical, Chemical, and Biological Parameters of Offatts Bayou Galveston, TX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skinner, Allison C.

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Offatts Bayou is an embayment in the Galveston Bay complex on the upper Texas coast. The bayou is approximately 4.8 km long with a maximum width of 1 km, and an average depth of approximately 5 m. A small created lake (Lake Madeline) is connected...

  11. Water quality modeling for the Kennet and Avon Canal, a navigational canal in an inland catchment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeckoski, Rebecca

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    ...........................................................128 Figure 46. The outlet of Wilton Water Reservoir next to the Crofton Pumping Station. ....................................................................................................................................131 17 Figure 47. Control... waterways, cruiseways (for amenity use only), and remainder waterways, only 2000 miles (3220 km) remained (Kennet and Avon Canal Trust Ltd. 1981). Of these, 570 miles (917 km) were classified as ‘remainder’ waterways: not legally abandoned...

  12. Gravity modeling of the Song Hong basin: an insight into its crustal structure and implication for the formation of the basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Vu Giang

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    3-D gravity inversion and rift stretching models are used in the Song Hong basin to determine the general configuration of the upper mantle and the mechanism for its formation in the region. The basin approximately 200 km wide by 600 km in length...

  13. glacial-scale enrichment would result in an air-to-sea flux of about 4.6 mol C m 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    an area of 225 km2 . Iron infusions in the north patch of 631 kg and 450 kg were repeated on 16 January, with repeated infusions on 29 January, 1 February, and 5 Feb- ruary. Each infusion involved 315 kg spread over a 225 km2 area. For both patches, initial iron infusions were supple- mented with infusions of SF6 and 3

  14. Neofusicoccum eucalyptorum, a Eucalyptus pathogen, on native Myrtaceae in Uruguay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neofusicoccum eucalyptorum, a Eucalyptus pathogen, on native Myrtaceae in Uruguay C. A. Pe. Cassinoni', Ruta 3, km 363, Paysandu´, Uruguay; c Department of Genetics, Forestry and Agricultural Investigacio´n Agropecuaria (INIA), Ruta 48, km 10, Canelones, Uruguay Neofusicoccum eucalyptorum is a canker

  15. Surface-to-tunnel seismic tomography studies at Yucca Mountain, Nevada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Korneev, Valeri A.

    Surface-to-tunnel seismic tomography studies at Yucca Mountain, Nevada Roland Gritto, Valeri A in the proposed nuclear waste repository area at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. A 5-km-long source line and a 3-km-long receiver line were located on top of Yucca Mountain ridge and inside the Exploratory Study Facility (ESF

  16. Magma Flow through Elastic-Walled Dikes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Hanbali, Ahmad

    Mountain · · · · · Yucca Mountain ~300 m ~200 m ~ 10 km ~ 1 m~ 3 km Repository tunnels Magma dike Magma.g., frozen dike Eppelsberg #12;Eiffel 2002 boccas? #12;Ship Rock U.S.A. #12;Proposed repository site at Yucca

  17. www.vadosezonejournal.org Vol. 8, No. 2, May 2009 510 Y M is being studied extensively to deter-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gable, Carl W.

    surrounding Yucca Mountain (Robinson and Bussod, 2000). Experiments have been performed at the pro- posed to access within Yucca Mountain (Bechtel SAIC Company, 2004a,b). The Busted Butte Unsaturated Zone Transport Test Site, approxi- mately 160 km northwest of Las Vegas, NV, and 8 km southeast of Yucca Mountain

  18. P1.15 A GIS-Based Approach to Lightning Studies for West Texas and New Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuelberg, Henry

    quality controlled. These quality control processes included removing weak positive flashes (those less quality controlled, the domain was divided into 2.5 km x 2.5 km gridboxes. Lightning flashes within each box then were counted and plotted using ArcGIS to produce a total lightning image consisting of all

  19. -122 -120 -118 -116 -114 Centroid Moment Tensor (CMT) Solution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Po

    /50/48.07 -116.0498 34.7232 2.25 km 5.50 km 3.68 3.93 125/ 77/-166 32/ 76/ -13 0 1 2 3 4 5 NumberofSeismograms 0

  20. Analysis of a model of phosphorus uptake by plant roots Myriam Comte Jean-Michel Coron Sergio Guerrero

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    fertilizer, readily available sources of phosphate rocks could be depleted in as little as 60-90 years regulation. Adequate phosphorus nutrition stimulates early plant growth and hastens maturity. P is one Km +c for c [0,+) , Fm > 0 , Km > 0, ­ R represents additional optional source/sink terms

  1. Saturn's Moons Saturn's Largest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrick, Robert R.

    · "Stones" ­ 10-15 cm ­ Made of water ice · Possible dry lake bed? #12;· Left: VIMS · Center: Narrow angle;Iapetus · Planet-ringing scarp ­ 13 km high ­ 20 km wide ­ Runs along equator · Mountain belt? · Rift

  2. Figura_15_color.eps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1.0. 2.0. 3.0. 4.0. 30. 60. 90. 0. Vex (km/s). Vez (km/s). 1. Brine saturated medium with fractures. 4. Fractal porosity?permeability medium. with fractures. 4.0. 3.0.

  3. VP_relation_1-15_fractal_por_perm_50Hz_color.eps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1.0. 2.0. 3.0. 4.0. 30. 60. 90. 0. qP Waves. Vex (km/s). Vez (km/s). Brine saturated medium with fractures. Fractal porosity?permeability medium. with fractures. 4.0.

  4. Figura_4_color.eps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1.0. 2.0. 3.0. 4.0. 30. 60. 90. 0. qP Waves. Vex (km/s). Vez (km/s). 1. Brine saturated medium with fractures. 2. Patchy saturated medium without fractures. 3.

  5. High-resolution estimates of lithospheric thickness from Missouri to Massachusetts, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Lee, Suzan

    -dimensional (3-D) model, NA00, of the S-velocity of the upper mantle beneath North America. The model differs. The seismic lithosphere is 180 km thick below Missouri and Illinois, 200 km thick below Indiana, Ohio by fitting the waveforms of broadband seismic S and surface waves recorded by the MOMA array and inverting

  6. Range Cattle Research and Education Center February 2010 Research Report RC-2010-1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Craig A.

    , and solar radiation for 2009 obtained at the Range Cattle Research and Education Center (REC), Ona, Florida miles (72 km) east of the Gulf of Mexico and 100 miles (160 km) west of the Atlantic Ocean. Weather and minimum temperature, precipitation, and solar radiation for 2009, Range Ca

  7. Walkability Planning in Jakarta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lo, Ria S. Hutabarat

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    km 2 (494 sq mi) 7,315 km 2 (2,824 sq mi) 134–181 ppl/ha (54–73 ppl/acre)148–156 ppl/ha (60–63 ppl/acre) 33 ppl/ha (13 ppl/acre)

  8. Instrumentation and Techniques Mihalis Mathioudakis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with atmospheric dynamics · Small scale structures Umbra dots ­ Spicules ­ Bright points · Flux Tubes ­ Buidling are they linked ? · Physical processes take place in very small scales (10-20 km) · Implications on stellar,000 or more) · High spatial resolution (0.1" ­ 70km @ 5000A) · Can be maintain/fixed/upgraded Ground based

  9. Short communicationWildl. Biol. 18: 215-224 (2012) DOI: 10.2981/10-105

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .80-0.99 when surveys were conducted on an 838 km2 grid with 10 km of search effort per cell. Snow-track surveys: John R. Squires Received 1 October 2010, accepted 2 October 2011 Associate Editor: Aure´lien Besnard

  10. General Physics I Exam 1 -Chs. 1,2,3 -Units, Motion Sep. 16, 2009 Name Rec. Instr. Rec. Time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wysin, Gary

    , ground- speed G, and the wind velocity W. b) (8) Use your sketch to figure out the direction interval. 11. (2) T F A car moving up along an incline must have an acceleration up along the incline. 12 Manhattan. The plane's airspeed is 380 km/h, but a wind of 120 km/h is blowing towards due south. a) (6

  11. Pleistocene ice and paleo-strain rates at Taylor Glacier, Antarctica S.M. Aciego a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Severinghaus, Jeffrey P.

    Pleistocene ice and paleo-strain rates at Taylor Glacier, Antarctica S.M. Aciego a , K.M. Cuffey b September 2006 Abstract Ice exposed in ablation zones of ice sheets can be a valuable source of samples for paleoclimate studies and information about long-term ice dynamics. We report a 28-km long stable isotope

  12. Curriculum vitae Harald Karl Matthias BUGMANN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischlin, Andreas

    Curriculum vitae Harald Karl Matthias BUGMANN Forest Ecology Department of Environmental Sciences;Harald K.M. Bugmann, Curriculum vitae 2 Employment 1988-1989 Junior Assistant at ETHZ for the lecture 1 since 1 January 2004: Department of Environmental Sciences #12;Harald K.M. Bugmann, Curriculum

  13. NDIAYE Gora 2nd year student in Networks & Telecommunications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trajkovic, Ljiljana

    · FRANCE Presentation ISITV · INTERNSHIP Project #12;Where find the good & best life? SENEGAL #12 · Population: 14 million · Area: 192712 km ² · GDP / H: $ 1 900 · Currency: CFA franc 1 = 655.957CFA $ 1 = 530 · Capital: Paris · Population: 65 million · Area: 675417km ² · GDP / H: $ 41018 · Currency: Euro 1 = 1

  14. Post-rift seaward downwarping at passive margins: new insights from southern Oman using stratigraphy to constrain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with nonunique rock-cooling paths and uncertainties in geothermal gradients. This further affects estimates-to-scarp denudation depth of ~1.75 km and a geothermal gradient of ~33 °C·km­1 provide the best fits, 2004), but cooling histories are indexed on a thermal reference frame within the Earth's crust

  15. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (2003) 3: 443455 c European Geosciences Union 2003 Natural Hazards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of River Vezza (Tuscany Region ­ Italy). This area (51.6 km2) was affected by over 250 landslides in the north-western sector of Tuscany in the Apuan Alps with a total catchment area of 51.6 km2 (Fig. 1 outcropping in the area, triggered by the pluviometric event of 19 June 1996. In the last decades landslide

  16. Published in `The Journal of Canada's Avalanche Community, vol. 99, 50-51. What if you know what's next? On snow cover simulation in data sparse areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jamieson, Bruce

    Published in `The Journal of Canada's Avalanche Community, vol. 99, 50-51. What if you know what's next? On snow cover simulation in data sparse areas regions range from 200 km2 to over 50 000 km2 covering a total area

  17. 5x20 Matrix for Knowledge Management Lifecycle Based on the Five C's Model and a Critical Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    5x20 Matrix for Knowledge Management Lifecycle Based on the Five C's Model and a Critical Review the previous efforts that have investigated the models and frameworks of KM lifecycles. Furthermore of coming out and arising the five C's model to be adopted in organizations vis-à-vis other KM lifecycles

  18. GEOPHYSICS, VOL. 35, SO. 1 (FEBRUARY 19iO), P. 33-44, i FIGS., j TABLES EXPLOSIVE SEISMIC SOURCES FOR THE MOON?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stewart, Sarah T.

    blast and the detona- tion products continuously expand outward and interact with the solid surface the plate velocity (-2.4 km/set) more closely matches the gas-blast velocity (-3.5 to 7.5 km/set) than in a vacuum. Large scale experiments were also performed in air to examine the effect of the detonation

  19. Ecologic niche modeling of *Blastomyces dermatitidis* in Wisconsin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Kurt D.; Meece, Jennifer K.; Archer, John R.; Peterson, A. Townsend

    2008-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    density were obtained from the Global Gridded Surfaces of Selected Soil Characteristics dataset at a resolution of ,100 km2 (URL:http://www.daac.ornl. gov). All coverages were re-sampled to 1 km2 resolution for analysis, reflecting the approximate...

  20. Report on recoveries received at SAFRING: July 2000-June 2001 H. Dieter Oschadleus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    , W Cape 2y Om 4804 km J I 1898 Nestling 0'l 108/1996 Goney Plain, Marion Island Dead 2310912000IlO2l1998 Macquarie lsland, Tasmania Dead 2710912000 Langbaai beach, N Cape 2y 8m 9969 km Northern

  1. Physics Potential of the Fermilab NuMI beamline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olga Mena; Stephen Parke

    2005-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore the physics potential of the NuMI beamline with a detector located 10 km off-axis at a distant site (810 km). We study the sensitivity to $\\sin^2 2 \\theta_{13}$ and to the CP-violating parameter $\\sin \\delta$ as well as the determination of the neutrino mass hierarchy by exploiting the $\

  2. Event Rates for Off Axis NuMI Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Viren

    2006-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Neutrino interaction rates for experiments placed off axis in the NuMI beam are calculated. Primary proton beam energy is 120 GeV and four locations at 810 km from target and 6, 12, 30 and 40 km off axis are considered. This report is part of the Joint FNAL/BNL Future Long Baseline Neutrino Oscillation Experiment Study.

  3. Orbital and CO2 forcing of late Paleozoic continental ice sheets Daniel E. Horton,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poulsen, Chris J.

    ) produce large changes in late Paleozoic ice volume ($1.3 � 108 km3 ) and sea level ($20 to 245 m). Between cold summer orbit, but still produces significant ice volumes ($8­12 � 107 km3 ). Our results highlightOrbital and CO2 forcing of late Paleozoic continental ice sheets Daniel E. Horton,1 Christopher J

  4. Estimating sea ice area flux across the Canadian Arctic Archipelago using enhanced AMSR-E

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, David G.

    . This produced a net loss of sea ice area of about 122 Ã? 103 km2 or roughly 174 km3 aÃ?1 which is presumedEstimating sea ice area flux across the Canadian Arctic Archipelago using enhanced AMSR-E T. Agnew is used to estimate daily sea ice area fluxes between the Canadian Arctic Archipelago and the Arctic Ocean

  5. An analysis of radar estimated precipitation to rain gauge measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gleason, Byron Edward

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the surface. These levels included 1.0 1.5@ 2.0 @ 2.5 km, and 3.0 km. Radar precipitation estimates were calculated at each 1.4 2 level using Z = 30ORand Z = 25OR" . The precipitation amounts, as measured by both the gauges and the radar,were used...

  6. Supporting Online Material for: Carbon in Amazon forests: Unexpected seasonal fluxes and disturbance-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    forest, and the effects of selective logging and land-use change. Three eddy covariance towers operate the Santarém-Cuiabá highway (1), plus the Km 67 and Km 83 tower sites, which constitute a control seasonal variations in important climatic variables at this site: solar radiation, net radiation, air

  7. A Knowledge-Engine Architecture for a Competence Management Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimble, Chris

    focus of our work is to support the management of employees' competencies through using a KM approach focus of our work is to support the management of employees' competencies through using a KM approachA Knowledge-Engine Architecture for a Competence Management Information System José Braga de

  8. THE CRYOGENIC SYSTEM OF TESLA S. Wolff, DESY, Notkestr. 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE CRYOGENIC SYSTEM OF TESLA S. Wolff, DESY, Notkestr. 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany for the TESLA collaboration Abstract TESLA, a 33 km long 500 GeV centre-of-mass energy superconducting linear collider The 33 km long e+ e- linear collider TESLA (Tera eV Energy Superconductiong Linear Accelerator) with 500

  9. Geophysical interpretation of the PASSCAL Ouachita experiment: southern part

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Wen-Kung

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    whereas tsvo-dimensional gravity modeling is used to constrain the resulting sismic model. The final model has the follosving major features: (1) Tertiary-Cretaceous sediments consist of four layers with a range of velocity from 1. 9 km/s to 4. 1 km...

  10. Annales Geophysicae (2002) 20: 289291 c European Geophysical Society 2002 Geophysicae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    altitude), 62.8 inclined orbit which crossed the equatorial parts of the Earth's envi- ronment at distances of a few tens of Earth's radii, and was therefore particularly suitable for solar wind year later into a 750 km perigee, 20 000 km apogee altitude orbit of almost the same inclination

  11. JOURNAL OF VIROLOGY, Oct. 2010, p. 99679977 Vol. 84, No. 19 0022-538X/10/$12.00 doi:10.1128/JVI.00588-10

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suchard, Marc A.

    % highest probability density [HPD], 0.5 to 9.0 years). Our data also suggest a Trinidad origin of 182 km/year (95% HPD, 52 to 462 km/year), with Brazil as the major source population for surrounding-dwelling, anthropophilic Aedes aegypti mosquito (36). In the Americas, where the virus was introduced from Africa

  12. GEOLOGY, April 2010 311 INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, Vicki

    . The assumption that this AMSA records a single global event led to the widely accepted global catastrophic) wholesale lithospheric recycling (Turcotte, 1993; Herrick, 1994; Turcotte et al., 1999). In either case or lithospheric recycling. The proposed thickness of deep burial has evolved, ranging from >3 km to >1 km, but 1

  13. 160W 156W 160W 140W

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Paul N.

    500 250 500 0mi 0km 100 200 100 200 0mi 0km West 28% Midwest 33% Southwest 6% Southeast 6% Midwest 33% West 28% Mid-Atlan c 16% Northeast 6% Southwest 6% Southeast 6% Mid-Atlan c 16% Northeast 6% From Director) · CH2M HILL (Environmental Scientist) · CityFARM (Business Director) · Clean Tech, Inc (Process

  14. feature was visible near the expected locations. The 3-s upper limit to the disk-integrated I/F

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webster, Peter J.

    of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration, by the University of California, Lawrence Livermore/F of any undetected satellite, derived from indi- vidual 120-s exposures, is 30 km2 (3). For comparison that Mab, rather than Cupid (Ã?8 km), is Uranus_ smallest regular satellite. In 2007, Uranus_ ring system

  15. Characteristic (Version A)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the photovoltaic array, the charging system, the energy storage system, and the power management system-50 km 30-50 km Length 1.7 m 2.7 m Width .7 m 1.3 m Pressure Case .24 m (diam) .4 m (diam) Array Size .5 Vehicles D. Richard Blidberg Autonomous Undersea Systems Institute Lee, New Hampshire If we

  16. Universidad de Puerto Rico Recinto de Mayagez

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    de la Costa de Manatí. Aproximadamente, 71 de éstos sismos, han sido clasificados como profundidades de 5.9 km a 33.7 km. Del total de sismos localizados para el enjambre, ocho (8) tuvieron magnitudes mayores de 3.0 Md y dos (2) han sido reportados como sentidos en Puerto Rico. El primer sismo

  17. Potential for meeting the EU new passenger car CO? emissions targets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhatt, Kandarp

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2009, the European Parliament agreed to limit the CO2 emissions from new passenger cars sold in the European Union to an average of 130g/km by 2015. Further, a probable longer-term CO2 emissions target of 95g/km is ...

  18. Characterization of allantoinase from Eschericia coli

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Jennifer Ann

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    residues may be involved in catalysis. Allantoinase mutants R67K, C152A, C152S, C287A, C287S, S317A, D315N and W332F were purified. The kinetic parameters kcat, KM and kcat/KM of wild type and mutant allantoinases were compared. The possible roles...

  19. Energetic ion precipitation at Titan T. E. Cravens,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    species [Waite et al., 2005]. Solar radiation and energetic plasma from Saturn's magnetosphere ionize the neutral atmosphere and create an ionosphere at altitudes above about 800 km [Bird et al., 1997; Wahlund et an iono- sphere at very low altitudes [Bird et al., 1997]. The creation of an ionosphere below 1000 km

  20. 2nd Workshop on Satellites for Solar Energy Assessments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Renne, D.

    1999-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A Collection of Presentations on new techniques for developing climatological estimates of the solar resource at all locations on earth at a resolution of 100km, and of developing estimates at half-hour intervals at resolutions of 10 km or less in specific locations.

  1. Mantle layering across central South America Kelly H. Liu and Stephen S. Gao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Stephen Shangxing

    Mantle layering across central South America Kelly H. Liu and Stephen S. Gao Department of Geology central South America at 20°S suggests that the depth variations of the 410-km (d410) and 660-km (d660. Gao, P. G. Silver, and Y. Zhang, Mantle layering across central South America, J. Geophys. Res., 108(B

  2. Mathematics Competition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Le Roy, Robert J.

    km (since BC > 0). Piravena travels a distance of 3250 + 1250 + 3000 = 7500 km for her complete trip. To fly from C to A, the cost is 3000 Ã? 0.10 + 100 = $400. To bus from C to A, the cost is 3000 Ã? 0 the notation | XY Z| to represent the area of triangle XY Z. Then, | APE| = | ABE| - | ABP|. Since ABE

  3. 75Radiation Dose and Distance This iconic photo was

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on March 15, a few days after the Japan 2011 earthquake, which caused severe damage to the Fukushima Press/Kyodo News) The devastating Japan 2011 earthquake damaged the nuclear reactors in Fukushima, which: Date Distance (km) Location Dose Rate (microSeiverts/hr) March 15 1 km Fukushima #2 plant 8,200 March

  4. Seismicity and Improved Velocity Structure in Kuwait

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gok, R M; Rodgers, A J; Al-Enezi, A

    2006-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The Kuwait National Seismic Network (KNSN) began operation in 1997 and consists of nine three-component stations (eight short-period and one broadband) and is operated by the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research. Although the region is largely believed to be aseismic, considerable local seismicity is recorded by KNSN. Seismic events in Kuwait are clustered in two main groups, one in the south and another in the north. The KNSN station distribution is able to capture the southern cluster within the footprint of the network but the northern cluster is poorly covered. Events tend to occur at depths ranging from the free surface to about 20 km. Events in the northern cluster tend to be deeper than those in south, however this might be an artifact of the station coverage. We analyzed KNSN recordings of nearly 200 local events to improve understanding of seismic events and crustal structure in Kuwait, performing several analyses with increasing complexity. First, we obtained an optimized one-dimensional (1D) velocity model for the entire region using the reported KNSN arrival times and routine locations. The resulting model is consistent with a recently obtained model from the joint inversion of receiver functions and surface wave group velocities. Crustal structure is capped by the thick ({approx} 7 km) sedimentary rocks of the Arabian Platform underlain by normal velocities for stable continental crust. Our new model has a crustal thickness of 44 km, constrained by an independent study of receiver functions and surface wave group velocities by Pasyanos et al (2006). Locations and depths of events after relocation with the new model are broadly consistent with those reported by KISR, although a few events move more than a few kilometers. We then used a double-difference tomography technique (tomoDD) to jointly locate the events and estimate three-dimensional (3D) velocity structure. TomoDD is based on hypoDD relocation algorithm and it makes use of both absolute and relative arrival times. We obtained {approx}1500 absolute P and S arrival times and {approx}3200 P and S wave arrival time differences. Event locations do not change greatly when 3D velocity structure is included. Three-dimensional velocity structure, where resolvable, does not differ greatly from our optimized 1D model, indicating that the improved 1D model is adequate for routine event location. Finally, we calculated moment magnitudes, MW, for nearly 155 events using the coda magnitude technique of Mayeda et al., (2003). The fact that most of the relocated events occur below the known sedimentary structures extending to 7 km suggests that they are tectonic in origin. Shallow events within the sedimentary crust in the (southern) Minagish region may be related to oil field activities, although the current study cannot unambiguously determine the source of current seismicity in Kuwait. The improved velocity model reduces the scatter of travel time residuals relative to the locations reported in the KNSN bulletin and may be used for ground motion prediction and hazard estimate studies in Kuwait.

  5. Shock Properties of Fansteel85

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Erskine, D J; Nellis, W J

    2008-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The shock response of Fansteel85 was investigated in the pressure range 10-90 GPa. The linear U{sub s}-U{sub p} coefficients were found to be C = 4.160 {+-} .015 km/s and S = 1.195 {+-} .015. Ultrasound measurements yielded C{sub L} = 4.827 and C{sub T} = 2.101, implying a bulk sound speed C{sub B} = 4.173, which is in excellent agreement with the measured value for C. The Hugoniot elastic limit was determined to be 3.11 {+-} .05 GPa at U{sub p} = .0595 {+-} .001 km/s and U{sub s} = 4.886 {+-} .01 km/s. The speed of sound in the material behind the shock front was determined to be 5.10 {+-} .06 km/s at 10.2 GPa and 5.25 {+-} .06 km/s at 20.6 GPa.

  6. Implementation Plan for the Office of Nuclear Energy Knowledge Management Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kimberlyn C. Mousseau

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary purpose of the Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) Knowledge Management (KM) Program is to capture, share, disseminate, and ensure the ability to apply the knowledge created by the major nuclear energy Research and Development (R&D) programs. In support of the KM program, the Implementation Plan for the Office of NE KM Program outlines the knowledge management and distributed data environment that is required for its success. In addition to enumerating some strategic goals and objectives, this document characterizes the initial program and identifies computer-based areas of investment required for increased knowledge sharing and collaboration. It identifies and addresses investments already in existence and describes how these investments can be further enhanced and implemented to support a distributed KM program. The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is leading the effort to identify and address these investments through the implementation of a distributed KM program that includes participants from ten of the major DOE national laboratories.

  7. Evidence for explosive silicic volcanism on the Moon from the extended distribution of thorium near the Compton-Belkovich Volcanic Complex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, J T; Massey, R J; Elphic, R C; Jolliff, B L; Lawrence, D J; Llewellin, E W; McElwaine, J N; Teodoro, L F A

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We reconstruct the abundance of thorium near the Compton-Belkovich Volcanic Complex on the Moon, using data from the Lunar Prospector Gamma Ray Spectrometer. We enhance the resolution via a pixon image reconstruction technique, and find that the thorium is distributed over a larger (40 km $\\times$ 75 km) area than the (25 km $\\times$ 35 km) high albedo region normally associated with Compton-Belkovich. Our reconstructions show that inside this region, the thorium concentration is 15 - 33 ppm. We also find additional thorium, spread up to 300 km eastward of the complex at $\\sim$2 ppm. The thorium must have been deposited during the formation of the volcanic complex, because subsequent lateral transport mechanisms, such as small impacts, are unable to move sufficient material. The morphology of the feature is consistent with pyroclastic dispersal and we conclude that the present distribution of thorium was likely created by the explosive eruption of silicic magma.

  8. INTERPRETATION OF AIRBORNE ELECTROMAGNETIC AND MAGNETIC DATA IN THE 600 AREA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    CUMMINS GD

    2010-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the 200-PO-1 Phase I geophysical surveys, Fugro Airborne Surveys was contracted to collect airborne electromagnetic (EM) and magnetic surveys of the Hanford Site 600 Area. Two helicopter survey systems were used with the HeliGEOTEM{reg_sign} time domain portion flown between June 19th and June 20th, 2008, and the RESOLVE{reg_sign} frequency domain portion was flown from June 29th to July 1st, 2008. Magnetic data were acquired contemporaneously with the electromagnetic surveys using a total-field cesium vapor magnetometer. Approximately 925 line kilometers (km) were flown using the HeliGEOTEM{reg_sign} II system and 412 line kilometers were flown using the RESOLVE{reg_sign} system. The HeliGEOTEM system has an effective penetration of roughly 250 meters into the ground and the RESOLVE system has an effective penetration of roughly 60 meters. Acquisition parameters and preliminary results are provided in SGW-39674, Airborne Electromagnetic Survey Report, 200-PO-1 Groundwater Operable Unit, 600 Area, Hanford Site. Airborne data are interpreted in this report in an attempt to identify areas of likely preferential groundwater flow within the aquifer system based on the presence of paleochannels or fault zones. The premise for the interpretation is that coarser-grained intervals have filled in scour channels created by episodic catastrophic flood events during the late Pleistocene. The interpretation strategy used the magnetic field anomaly data and existing bedrock maps to identify likely fault or lineament zones. Combined analysis of the magnetic, 60-Hz noise monitor, and flight-altitude (radar) data were used to identify zones where EM response is more likely due to cultural interference and or bedrock structures. Cross-sectional and map view presentations of the EM data were used to identify more electrically resistive zones that likely correlate with coarser-grained intervals. The resulting interpretation identifies one major northwest-southeast trending preferential flowpath with several minor units running along a similar trend. This presumed path of preferential flow is compared with the tritium concentration levels observed for the 600 Area. Analysis of the magnetic field data shows the location of potential bedrock faults and lineaments which may influence the horizontal and vertical flow of water. Faults lying within, or in the vicinity of preferential groundwater flow paths may allow flow into or out of the otherwise confined basalt layers.

  9. Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 486: Double Tracks RADSAFE Area Nellis Air Force Range, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    IT Las Vegas

    1998-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This Corrective Action Investigation Plan (CAIP) has been developed in accordance with the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) that was agreed to by the US Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office (DOE/NV); the State of Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP); and the US Department of Defense (FFACO, 1996). The CAIP is a document that provides or references all of the specific information for investigation activities associated with Corrective Action Units (CAUs) or Corrective Action Sites (CASs). According to the FFACO, CASs are sites potentially requiring corrective action(s) and may include solid waste management units or individual disposal or release sites (FFACO, 1996). Corrective Action Units consist of one or more CASs grouped together based on geography, technical similarity, or agency responsibility for the purpose of determining corrective actions. This CAIP contains the environmental sample collection objectives and the criteria for conducting site investigation activities at CAU 486, the Double Tracks Radiological Safety (RADSAFE) Area (DTRSA) which is located on the Nellis Air Force Range 71North (N), west of the Tonopah Test Range (TTR). The TTR, included in the Nellis Air Force Range Complex, is approximately 255 kilometers (km) (140 miles [mi]) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada (Figure 1-1). Corrective Action Unit 486 is comprised of CAS 71-23-001-71DT consisting of two areas of concern referred to as the vehicle decontamination area and the animal burial pit. The DTRSA is located on the west side of the Cactus Range approximately 8 km (5 mi) southwest of the Cactus Spring gate at the intersection of the Cactus Spring Road and the Double Tracks Control Point Road (Figure 1-2). The DTRSA was used during May 1963 to decontaminate vehicles, equipment, personnel, and animals from the Double Tracks test. The DTRSA is one of three areas identified as a potential location for the disposal of radioactively contaminated materials from the Double Tracks experiment. The other two locations are the Cactus Spring Waste Trenches (CAU 426) and the Roller Coaster RADSAFE Area (CAU 407), both of which have been investigated. The surface and subsurface soils are likely to have been impacted by plutonium and other contaminants of potential concern (COPCs) associated with decontamination activities at this site.

  10. Evaluation of the Life History of Native Salmonids in the Malheur River Basin; Cooperative Bull Trout/Redband Trout Research Project, 2000-2001 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gonzales, Dan; Schwabe, Lawrence; Wenick, Jess (Burns Paiute Tribe, Department of Fish and Wildlife, Burns, OR)

    2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Malheur basin lies within southeastern Oregon. The Malheur River is a tributary to the Snake River, entering at about River Kilometer (RK) 595. The hydrological drainage area of the Malheur River is approximately 12,950 km{sup 2} and is roughly 306 km in length. The headwaters of the Malheur River originate in the Blue Mountains at elevations of 6,500 to 7,500 feet, and drops to an elevation of 2000 feet at the confluence with the Snake River near Ontario, Oregon. The climate of the Malheur basin is characterized by hot dry summers, occasionally exceeding 38 C and cold winters that may drop below -29 C. Average annual precipitation is 300 centimeters and ranges from 100 centimeters in the upper mountains to less than 25 centimeters in the lower reaches (Gonzalez 1999). Wooded areas consist primarily of mixed fir and pine forest in the higher elevations. Sagebrush and grass communities dominate the flora in the lower elevations. Efforts to document salmonid life histories, water quality, and habitat conditions have continued in fiscal year 2000. The Burns Paiute Tribe (BPT), United States Forest Service (USFS), and Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW), have been working cooperatively to achieve this common goal. Bull trout ''Salvenlinus confluentus'' have specific environmental requirements and complex life histories making them especially susceptible to human activities that alter their habitat (Howell and Buchanan 1992). Bull trout are considered to be a cold-water species and are temperature dependent. This presents a challenge for managers, biologists, and private landowners in the Malheur basin. Because of the listing of bull trout under the Endangered Species Act as threatened and the current health of the landscape, a workgroup was formed to develop project objectives related to bull trout. This report will reflect work completed during the Bonneville Power contract period starting 1 April 2000 and ending 31 March 2001. The study area will include the North Fork Malheur River and the Upper Malheur River from Warm Springs Reservoir upstream to the headwaters.

  11. A Saturn Ring Observer Mission Using Multi-Mission Radioisotope Power Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abelson, Robert D.; Spilker, Thomas R.; Shirley, James H. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Mail Stop 301-445W, Pasadena, CA 91109-8099 (United States)

    2006-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Saturn remains one of the most fascinating planets within the solar system. To better understand the complex ring structure of this planet, a conceptual Saturn Ring Observer (SRO) mission is presented that would spend one year in close proximity to Saturn's A and B rings, and perform detailed observations and measurements of the ring particles and electric and magnetic fields. The primary objective of the mission would be to understand ring dynamics, including the microphysics of individual particles and small scale (meters to a few kilometers) phenomena such as particle agglomeration behavior. This would be accomplished by multispectral imaging of the rings at multiple key locations within the A and B rings, and by ring-particle imaging at an unprecedented resolution of 0.5 cm/pixel. The SRO spacecraft would use a Venus-Earth-Earth-Jupiter Gravity Assist (VEEJGA) and be aerocaptured into Saturn orbit using an advanced aeroshell design to minimize propellant mass. Once in orbit, the SRO would stand off from the ring plane 1 to 1.4 km using chemical thrusters to provide short propulsive maneuvers four times per revolution, effectively causing the SRO vehicle to 'hop' above the ring plane. The conceptual SRO spacecraft would be enabled by the use of a new generation of multi-mission Radioisotope Power Systems (RPSs) currently being developed by NASA and DOE. These RPSs include the Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (MMRTG) and Stirling Radioisotope Generator (SRG). The RPSs would generate all necessary electrical power ({>=}330 We at beginning of life) during the 10-year cruise and 1-year science mission ({approx}11 years total). The RPS heat would be used to maintain the vehicle's operating and survival temperatures, minimizing the need for electrical heaters. Such a mission could potentially launch in the 2015-2020 timeframe, with operations at Saturn commencing in approximately 2030.

  12. Variability of Power from Large-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Scenarios in the State of Gujarat: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parsons, B.; Hummon, M.; Cochran, J.; Stoltenberg, B.; Batra, P.; Mehta, B.; Patel, D.

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    India has ambitious goals for high utilization of variable renewable power from wind and solar, and deployment has been proceeding at a rapid pace. The western state of Gujarat currently has the largest amount of solar generation of any Indian state, with over 855 Megawatts direct current (MWDC). Combined with over 3,240 MW of wind, variable generation renewables comprise nearly 18% of the electric-generating capacity in the state. A new historic 10-kilometer (km) gridded solar radiation data set capturing hourly insolation values for 2002-2011 is available for India. We apply an established method for downscaling hourly irradiance data to one-minute irradiance data at potential PV power production locations for one year, 2006. The objective of this report is to characterize the intra-hour variability of existing and planned photovoltaic solar power generation in the state of Gujarat (a total of 1.9 gigawatts direct current (GWDC)), and of five possible expansion scenarios of solar generation that reflect a range of geographic diversity (each scenario totals 500-1,000 MW of additional solar capacity). The report statistically analyzes one year's worth of power variability data, applied to both the baseline and expansion scenarios, to evaluate diurnal and seasonal power fluctuations, different timescales of variability (e.g., from one to 15 minutes), the magnitude of variability (both total megawatts and relative to installed solar capacity), and the extent to which the variability can be anticipated in advance. The paper also examines how Gujarat Energy Transmission Corporation (GETCO) and the Gujarat State Load Dispatch Centre (SLDC) could make use of the solar variability profiles in grid operations and planning.

  13. Variability of Photovoltaic Power in the State of Gujarat Using High Resolution Solar Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hummon, M.; Cochran, J.; Weekley, A.; Lopez, A.; Zhang, J.; Stoltenberg, B.; Parsons, B.; Batra, P.; Mehta, B.; Patel, D.

    2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    India has ambitious goals for high utilization of variable renewable power from wind and solar, and deployment has been proceeding at a rapid pace. The western state of Gujarat currently has the largest amount of solar generation of any Indian state, with over 855 Megawatts direct current (MWDC). Combined with over 3,240 MW of wind, variable generation renewables comprise nearly 18% of the electric-generating capacity in the state. A new historic 10-kilometer (km) gridded solar radiation data set capturing hourly insolation values for 2002-2011 is available for India. We apply an established method for downscaling hourly irradiance data to one-minute irradiance data at potential PV power production locations for one year, 2006. The objective of this report is to characterize the intra-hour variability of existing and planned photovoltaic solar power generation in the state of Gujarat (a total of 1.9 gigawatts direct current (GWDC)), and of five possible expansion scenarios of solar generation that reflect a range of geographic diversity (each scenario totals 500-1,000 MW of additional solar capacity). The report statistically analyzes one year's worth of power variability data, applied to both the baseline and expansion scenarios, to evaluate diurnal and seasonal power fluctuations, different timescales of variability (e.g., from one to 15 minutes), the magnitude of variability (both total megawatts and relative to installed solar capacity), and the extent to which the variability can be anticipated in advance. The paper also examines how Gujarat Energy Transmission Corporation (GETCO) and the Gujarat State Load Dispatch Centre (SLDC) could make use of the solar variability profiles in grid operations and planning.

  14. Baseline risk assessment of ground water contamination at the Uranium Mill Tailings Site near Naturita, Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project consists of the Surface Project (phase I), and the Ground Water Project (phase II). For the UMTRA Project site located near Naturita, Colorado (the Naturita site), phase I involves the removal of radioactively contaminated soils and materials and their transportation to a disposal site at Union Carbide Corporation`s Upper Burbank Repository at Uravan, Colorado, about 13 road miles (mi) (21 kilometers [km]) to the northwest. No uranium mill tailings are involved because the tailings were removed from the Naturita site and placed at Coke Oven, Colorado, during 1977 to 1979. Phase II of the project will evaluate the nature and extent of ground water contamination resulting from uranium processing and its effect on human health or the environment; and will determine site-specific ground water compliance strategies in accordance with the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ground water standards established for the UMTRA Project. Human health risks could occur from drinking water pumped from a hypothetical well drilled in the contaminated ground water area. Environmental risks may result if plants or animals are exposed to contaminated ground water, or surface water that has received contaminated ground water. Therefore, a risk assessment is conducted for the Naturita site. This risk assessment report is the first site-specific document prepared for the Ground Water Project at the Naturita site. What follows is an evaluation of current and possible future impacts to the public and the environment from exposure to contaminated ground water. The results of this evaluation and further site characterization will be used to determine whether any action is needed to protect human health or the environment.

  15. Environmental assessment of ground water compliance activities at the Uranium Mill Tailings Site, Spook, Wyoming. Revision 0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is an environmental assessment of the Spook, Wyoming, Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project site. It analyzes the impacts of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) proposed action for ground water compliance. The proposed action is to comply with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) standards for the UMTRA Project sites (40 CFR Part 192) by meeting supplemental standards based on the limited use ground water at the Spook site. This proposed action would not require site activities, including ground water monitoring, characterization, or institutional controls. Ground water in the uppermost aquifer was contaminated by uranium processing activities at the Spook site, which is in Converse County, approximately 48 miles (mi) (77 kilometers [km]) northeast of Casper, Wyoming. Constituents from the site infiltrated and migrated into the uppermost aquifer, forming a plume that extends approximately 2500 feet (ft) (800 meters [m]) downgradient from the site. The principal site-related hazardous constituents in this plume are uranium, selenium, and nitrate. Background ground water in the uppermost aquifer at the site is considered limited use. It is neither a current nor a potential source of drinking water because of widespread, ambient contamination that cannot be cleaned up using treatment methods reasonably employed in public water supply systems (40 CFR {section} 192.11 (e)). Background ground water quality also is poor due to first, naturally occurring conditions (natural uranium mineralization associated with an alteration front), and second, the effects of widespread human activity not related to uranium milling operations (uranium exploration and mining activities). There are no known exposure pathways to humans, animals, or plants from the contaminated ground water in the uppermost aquifer because it does not discharge to lower aquifers, to the surface, or to surface water.

  16. Biological assessment of remedial action at the abandoned uranium mill tailings site near Naturita, Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pursuant to the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act (UMTRCA) of 1978, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is proposing to conduct remedial action to clean up the residual radioactive materials (RRM) at the Naturita uranium processing site in Colorado. The Naturita site is in Montrose County, Colorado, and is approximately 2 miles (mi) (3 kilometer [km]) from the unincorporated town of Naturita. The proposed remedial action is to remove the RRM from the Naturita site to the Upper Burbank Quarry at the Uravan disposal site. To address the potential impacts of the remedial action on threatened and endangered species, the DOE prepared this biological assessment. Informal consultations with the U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) were initiated in 1986, and the FWS provided a list of the threatened and endangered species that may occur in the Naturita study area. This list was updated by two FWS letters in 1988 and by verbal communication in 1990. A biological assessment was included in the environmental assessment (EA) of the proposed remedial action that was prepared in 1990. This EA addressed the impacts of moving the Naturita RRM to the Dry Flats disposal site. In 1993, the design for the Dry Flats disposal alternative was changed. The FWS was again consulted in 1993 and provided a new list of threatened and endangered species that may occur in the Naturita study area. The Naturita EA and the biological assessment were revised in response to these changes. In 1994, remedial action was delayed because an alternate disposal site was being considered. The DOE decided to move the FIRM at the Naturita site to the Upper Burbank Quarry at the Uravan site. Due to this delay, the FWS was consulted in 1995 and a list of threatened and endangered species was provided. This biological assessment is a revision of the assessment attached to the Naturita EA and addresses moving the Naturita RRM to the Upper Burbank Quarry disposal site.

  17. Final Technical Report: DOE-Biological Ocean Margins Program. Microbial Ecology of Denitrifying Bacteria in the Coastal Ocean.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee Kerkhof

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The focus of our research was to provide a comprehensive study of the bacterioplankton populations off the coast of New Jersey near the Rutgers University marine field station using terminal restriction fragment polymorphism analysis (TRFLP) coupled to 16S rRNA genes for large data set studies. Our three revised objectives to this study became: (1) to describe bacterioplankton population dynamics in the Mid Atlantic Bight using TRFLP analysis of 16S rRNA genes. (2) to determine whether spatial and temporal factors are driving bacterioplankton community dynamics in the MAB using monthly samping along our transect line over a 2-year period. (3) to identify dominant members of a coastal bacterioplankton population by clonal library analysis of 16S rDNA genes and sequencing of PCR product corresponding to specific TRFLP peaks in the data set. Although open ocean time-series sites have been areas of microbial research for years, relatively little was known about the population dynamics of bacterioplankton communities in the coastal ocean on kilometer spatial and seasonal temporal scales. To gain a better understanding of microbial community variability, monthly samples of bacterial biomass were collected in 1995-1996 along a 34-km transect near the Long-Term Ecosystem Observatory (LEO-15) off the New Jersey coast. Surface and bottom sampling was performed at seven stations along a transect line with depths ranging from 1 to 35m (n=178). The data revealed distinct temporal patterns among the bacterioplankton communities in the Mid-Atlantic Bight rather than grouping by sample location or depth (figure 2-next page). Principal components analysis models supported the temporal patterns. In addition, partial least squares regression modeling could not discern a significant correlation from traditional oceanographic physical and phytoplankton nutrient parameters on overall bacterial community variability patterns at LEO-15. These results suggest factors not traditionally measured during oceanographic studies are structuring coastal microbial communities.

  18. Bonneville Power Administration Transmission System Vegetation Management Program - Final Environmental Impact Statement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    N /A

    2000-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Bonneville is responsible for maintaining a network of 24,000 kilometers (km) or 15,000 miles (mi.) of electric transmission lines and 350 substations in a region of diverse vegetation. This vegetation can interfere with electric power flow, pose safety problems for us and the public, and interfere with our ability to maintain these facilities. We need to (1) keep vegetation away from our electric facilities; (2) increase our program efficiency and consistency; (3) review herbicide use (under increased public scrutiny); and (4) maximize the range of tools we can use while minimizing environmental impact (Integrated Vegetation Management). This Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) establishes Planning Steps for managing vegetation for specific projects (to be tiered to this Environmental Impact Statement (EIS)). In addition to No Action (current practice), alternatives are presented for Rights-of-way, Electric Yards, and Non-electric Facilities (landscaping, work yards). Four vegetation control methods are analyzed manual, mechanical, herbicide, and biological. Also evaluated are 23 herbicide active ingredients and 4 herbicide application techniques (spot, localized, broadcast, and aerial). For rights-of-way, we consider three sets of alternatives: alternative management approaches (time-driven or establishing low-growing plant communities); alternative method packages; and, if herbicides are in a methods package, alternative vegetation selections (noxious weeds, deciduous, or any vegetation). For electric yards, one herbicide-use alternative is considered. For non-electric facilities, two method package alternatives are considered. For rights-of-way, the environmentally preferred alternative(s) would use manual, mechanical, and biological control methods, as well as spot and localized herbicide applications for noxious and deciduous plant species; the BPA-preferred alternative(s) would add broadcast and aerial herbicide applications, and would use herbicides on any vegetation. Both would favor a management approach that fosters low-growing plant communities.

  19. Petroleum migration in Denver basin inferred from thermal maturity and hydrologic data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, E.A. Jr.; Gautier, D.L.; Siever, R.

    1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cretaceous petroleum accumulations in the Denver basin of eastern Colorado and southwestern Nebraska occur in a productive fairway where potential source rocks are thermally immature for oil generation. Reconstructed potentiometric surfaces, vitrinite reflectance (R/sub 0/), and other thermal maturity data suggest that fluids within the basin have migrated hundreds of kilometers from western thermally mature areas (> 0.65% R/sub 0/) updip to eastern thermally immature areas (< 0.50% R/sub 0/). Oil fields such as Adena and Little Beaver with cumulative production of tens of millions of bbl of oil occur where R/sub 0/ is below the threshold 0.60% value, the commonly accepted value that indicates the beginning of thermogenic petroleum generation. Variations in cementation, evidenced in the Denver basin by present east-to-west reductions in porosity and permeability, may have affected secondary migration. Ground-water potentials for the Lower Cretaceous J sandstone, calculated from drill-stem test data, decrease from west to east across the basin with a gradient of about 3 m/km. Local potential minima in Morgan and Logan Counties, as well as an increase information water salinity from 1000 ppm to 12,000 ppm toward the basin center, suggest the concentration of formation fluids in those areas. About 65 Ma, when Cretaceous shales first became mature enough to expel hydrocarbons, the initial uplift of the Rocky Mountains created a fluid potential field similar to the present one but of greater magnitude. This ancestral potential caused the generated hydrocarbons to migrate eastward; oil pools then concentrated at paleopotential minima. The analysis of fluid potential gradients makes it possible to determine the dynamics of forces that redistribute fluids in a basin.

  20. Finding of No Significant Impact for the Environmental Assessment for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve West Hackberry Facility Raw Water Intake Pipeline Replacement Cameron and Calcasieu Parishes, Louisiana

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    N /A

    2004-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    DOE has prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA), DOE/EA-1497, for the proposed replacement of the existing 107 centimeter (cm) [42 inch (in)] 6.87 kilometer (km) [4.27 mile (mi)] raw water intake pipeline (RWIPL). This action is necessary to allow for continued, optimum operations at the West Hackberry facility (main site/facility). The EA described the proposed action (including action alternatives) and three alternatives to the proposed action. The EA evaluated only the potential environmental consequences of the proposed action (one action alternative), and Alternative 3, which consisted of the No Build Action that is required by 10 CFR 1021.321(c). Based on the analysis in DOE/EA-1497, DOE has determined that the proposed action does not constitute a major Federal action significantly affecting humans or the natural environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), 42 USC 4321 et seq. Therefore, an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) is not required, and DOE is issuing this Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI). To further minimize impacts to environmental media, the DOE will also implement a Mitigation Action Plan (MAP) for this action. The MAP is included as Appendix F of this EA, which is appended to this FONSI. The Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (EPCA), as amended, authorizes the creation of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) to store crude oil to reduce the United States' vulnerability to energy supply disruptions. Crude oil is stored in geologic formations, or salt domes, located under these facilities. The purpose of this proposed project is to construct a new RWIPL at the main site to replace the existing RWIPL which services this facility.

  1. Final Report on Evaluating the Representation and Impact of Convective Processes in the NCAR Community Climate System Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    X. Wu, G. J. Zhang

    2008-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Convection and clouds affect atmospheric temperature, moisture and wind fields through the heat of condensation and evaporation and through redistributions of heat, moisture and momentum. Individual clouds have a spatial scale of less than 10 km, much smaller than the grid size of several hundred kilometers used in climate models. Therefore the effects of clouds must be approximated in terms of variables that the model can resolve. Deriving such formulations for convection and clouds has been a major challenge for the climate modeling community due to the lack of observations of cloud and microphysical properties. The objective of our DOE CCPP project is to evaluate and improve the representation of convection schemes developed by PIs in the NCAR (National Center for Atmospheric Research) Community Climate System Model (CCSM) and study its impact on global climate simulations. • The project resulted in nine peer-reviewed publications and numerous scientific presentations that directly address the CCPP’s scientific objective of improving climate models. • We developed a package of improved convection parameterization that includes improved closure, trigger condition for convection, and comprehensive treatment of convective momentum transport. • We implemented the new convection parameterization package into several versions of the NCAR models (both coupled and uncoupled). This has led to 1) Improved simulation of seasonal migration of ITCZ; 2) Improved shortwave cloud radiative forcing response to El Niño in CAM3; 3) Improved MJO simulation in both uncoupled and coupled model; and 4) Improved simulation of ENSO in coupled model. • Using the dynamic core of CCM3, we isolated the dynamic effects of convective momentum transport. • We implemented mosaic treatment of subgrid-scale cloud-radiation interaction in CCM3.

  2. Variability of Power from Large-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Scenarios in the State of Gujarat (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parsons, B.; Hummon, M.; Cochran, J.; Stoltenberg, B.; Batra, P.; Mehta, B.; Patel, D.

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    India has ambitious goals for high utilization of variable renewable power from wind and solar, and deployment has been proceeding at a rapid pace. The western state of Gujarat currently has the largest amount of solar generation of any Indian state, with over 855 Megawatts direct current (MWDC). Combined with over 3,240 MW of wind, variable generation renewables comprise nearly 18% of the electric-generating capacity in the state. A new historic 10-kilometer (km) gridded solar radiation data set capturing hourly insolation values for 2002-2011 is available for India. We apply an established method for downscaling hourly irradiance data to one-minute irradiance data at potential PV power production locations for one year, 2006. The objective of this report is to characterize the intra-hour variability of existing and planned photovoltaic solar power generation in the state of Gujarat (a total of 1.9 gigawatts direct current (GWDC)), and of five possible expansion scenarios of solar generation that reflect a range of geographic diversity (each scenario totals 500-1,000 MW of additional solar capacity). The report statistically analyzes one year's worth of power variability data, applied to both the baseline and expansion scenarios, to evaluate diurnal and seasonal power fluctuations, different timescales of variability (e.g., from one to 15 minutes), the magnitude of variability (both total megawatts and relative to installed solar capacity), and the extent to which the variability can be anticipated in advance. The paper also examines how Gujarat Energy Transmission Corporation (GETCO) and the Gujarat State Load Dispatch Centre (SLDC) could make use of the solar variability profiles in grid operations and planning.

  3. The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant: A Success Story with International Cooperation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matthews, M.

    2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO) administers and operates the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) site, which hosts a deep geologic repository for safe disposal of U.S. defense-related TRU waste and is located 42 kilometers (km) east of Carlsbad, New Mexico. CBFO also manages the National Transuranic Waste Program (NTP), which oversees TRU waste management from generation to disposal. The WIPP began receiving waste in March 1999. In some areas of broad international interest, the CBFO has developed a leading expertise through its 25-year WIPP repository and TRU waste characterization activities. In addition to participating in relevant and beneficial experiments, the CBFO will provide the international community convenient access to this information by sponsoring and hosting symposia and workshops on relevant topics and by participation in international waste management organizations and topical meetings. In recognition of the successes at WIPP, the Inter national Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has designated WIPP as an International Center of Excellence and part of IAEA's Network of Centers of Excellence. The IAEA will foster cooperative training in and demonstration of waste disposal technologies in underground research facilities (URFs).such as WIPP. The CBFO, supported by its Science Advisor, has agreed to exchange scientific information with eight foreign radioactive waste management organizations, and three more national radioactive waste management and disposal organizations have expressed interest in similar agreements. These activities result in the cost-effective acquisition of scientific information in support of increased WIPP facility operational and post-closure assurance and reliability. It also demonstrates the CBFO's intent and resolve to honor international commitments and obligations.

  4. Office of Nuclear Energy Knowledge Management Program Situational Analysis Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kimberlyn C. Mousseau

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Knowledge management (KM) has been a high priority for the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) for the past several years. NE Programs are moving toward well-established knowledge management practices and a formal knowledge management program has been established. Knowledge management is being practiced to some level within each of the NE programs. Although it continues to evolve as NE programs evolve, a formal strategic plan that guides the implementation of KM has been developed. Despite the acceptance of KM within DOE NE, more work is necessary before the NE KM program can be considered fully successful. Per Dr. David J. Skyrme[1], an organization typically moves through the following evolutionary phases: (1) Ad-hoc - KM is being practiced to some level in some parts of the organization; (2) Formal - KM is established as a formal project or program; (3) Expanding - the use of KM as a discipline grows in practice across different parts of the organization; (4) Cohesive - there is a degree of coordination of KM; (5) Integrated - there are formal standards and approaches that give every individual access to most organizational knowledge through common interfaces; and (6) Embedded - KM is part-and-parcel of everyday tasks; it blends seamlessly into the background. According to the evolutionary phases, the NE KM program is operating at the two lower levels, Ad-hoc and Formal. Although KM is being practiced to some level, it is not being practiced in a consistent manner across the NE programs. To be fully successful, more emphasis must be placed on establishing KM standards and processes for collecting, organizing, sharing and accessing NE knowledge. Existing knowledge needs to be prioritized and gathered on a routine basis, its existence formally recorded in a knowledge inventory. Governance to ensure the quality of the knowledge being used must also be considered. For easy retrieval, knowledge must be organized according to a taxonomy that mimics nuclear energy programs. Technologies need to be established to make accessing the knowledge easier for the user. Finally, knowledge needs to be used as part of a well defined work process.

  5. Identifying clouds over the Pierre Auger Observatory using infrared satellite data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abreu, Pedro; et al.,

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe a new method of identifying night-time clouds over the Pierre Auger Observatory using infrared data from the Imager instruments on the GOES-12 and GOES-13 satellites. We compare cloud identifications resulting from our method to those obtained by the Central Laser Facility of the Auger Observatory. Using our new method we can now develop cloud probability maps for the 3000 km^2 of the Pierre Auger Observatory twice per hour with a spatial resolution of ~2.4 km by ~5.5 km. Our method could also be applied to monitor cloud cover for other ground-based observatories and for space-based observatories.

  6. Source depth for solar p-modes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawan Kumar; Sarbani Basu

    2000-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Theoretically calculated power spectra are compares with observed solar p-mode velocity power spectra over a range of mode degree and frequency. The depth for the sources responsible for exciting p-modes of frequency 2.0 mHz is determined from the asymmetry of their power spectra and found to be about 800 km below the photosphere for quadrupole sources and 150 km if sources are dipole. The source depth for high frequency oscillations of frequency greater than about 6 mHz is 180 (50) km for quadrupole (dipole) sources.

  7. Climatological lightning characteristics of the Southern Rocky and Appalachian Mountain chains, a comparison of two distinct mountain effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phillips, Stephen Edward

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    produced statistically poor results. ~ L5 Wl 1. $ Zs 3A 4I & ~ 50 1II ISI km Fig l. SW Region Annual Flash Density. Contours are flashes km yr'. s 1. I 1. 7 2A sr z$4$ & 'L, I 0 5I 1' 2M ba Fig 2. SE Region Annual Flash Density. Contours are flashes... km yr'. Meteorological satellites further advanced thunderstorm research by allowing scientists to "trace back" thunderstorm clouds to their initial cumulus form. Klitch et al. (1985) and Weaver and Kelly (1982) showed that Colorado summertime...

  8. Digitized dual wavelength radar data from a Texas thunderstorm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radlein, Robin Ann

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for 1600 CST (Figure 12, p 34; Figure 14, p 37) between cells 8 and Di The maximum Z value in cell D is at least greater than 35 dBZ~ but the e 4 km gradient between the BWER and cell D is only 11 dBZ. The ti. lt of the core appears to he to the left... usually are separated by at least 150 km~ while severe thunderstorms frequently are distributed on a much smaller scale Thus~ weather radars, which can scan radial distances greater than 150 km~ serve as the most useful tool to facilitate severe storm...

  9. Y-12 National Security Complex Biological Monitoring and Abatement Program 2007 Calendar Yeare Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peterson, M.J.; Greeley, M. S. Jr.; Morris, G. W.; Roy, W. K.; Ryan, M. G.; Smith, J. G.; Southworth, G. R.

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit issued for the Oak Ridge Y-12 National Security Complex (Y-12 Complex) which became effective May 1, 2006, continued a requirement for a Biological Monitoring and Abatement Program (BMAP). The BMAP was originally developed in 1985 to demonstrate that the effluent limitations established for the Y-12 Complex protected the classified uses of the receiving stream (East Fork Poplar Creek: EFPC), in particular, the growth and propagation of aquatic life (Loar et al. 1989). The objectives of the current BMAP are similar, specifically to assess stream ecological conditions relative to regulatory limits and criteria, to assess ecological impacts as well as recovery in response to Y-12 operations, and to investigate the causes of continuing impacts. The BMAP consists of three tasks that reflect complementary approaches to evaluating the effects of the Y-12 Complex discharges on the biotic integrity of EFPC. These tasks include: (1) bioaccumulation monitoring, (2) benthic macroinvertebrate community monitoring, and (3) fish community monitoring. As required by the NPDES permit, the BMAP benthic macroinvertebrate community monitoring task includes studies to annually evaluate the receiving stream's biological integrity in comparison to TN Water Quality Criteria. BMAP monitoring is currently being conducted at five primary EFPC sites, although sites may be excluded or added depending upon the specific objectives of the various tasks. Criteria used in selecting the sites include: (1) location of sampling sites used in other studies, (2) known or suspected sources of downstream impacts, (3) proximity to U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) boundaries, (4) appropriate habitat distribution, and (5) access. The primary sampling sites include upper EFPC at kilometers (EFKs) 24.4 and 23.4 [upstream and downstream of Lake Reality (LR) respectively]; EFK 18.7 (also EFK 18.2 and 19), located off the ORR and below an area of intensive commercial and light industrial development; EFK 13.8, located upstream from the Oak Ridge Wastewater Treatment Facility (ORWTF); and EFK 6.3 located approximately 1.4 km below the ORR boundary (Fig. 1.1). Actual sampling locations on EFPC may differ slightly by task according to specific requirements of the task. Brushy Fork (BF) at kilometer (BFK) 7.6 and Hinds Creek at kilometer (HCK) 20.6 are the most commonly used reference sites for the Y-12 BMAP. Additional sites off the ORR are also occasionally used for reference, including Beaver Creek, Bull Run, Cox Creek, and Paint Rock Creek (Fig. 1.2). Summaries of the sampling designs for the three primary tasks of the Y-12 Complex BMAP for EFPC are presented in Tables 1.1-1.3. This report covers the 2007 study period, although data collected outside this time period are included as appropriate. To address the biological monitoring requirements for Bear Creek and McCoy Branch, CERCLA-funded data is summarized in Appendix A (for Bear Creek) and Appendix B (for McCoy Branch). Data for these two watersheds is provided herein to address Section IX of the NPDES Permit for Y-12, where 'Results of these CERCLA programs can be used to meet the biological monitoring requirements of this permit'. For potential comparison with instream biological measures, a summary of the toxicity testing results for Y-12 outfalls into upper EFPC is provided in Appendix C (these results have been previously reported).

  10. Preparing to Submit a License Application for Yucca Mountain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    W.J. Arthur; M.D. Voegele

    2005-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1982, the U.S. Congress passed the Nuclear Waste Policy Act, a Federal law that established U.S. policy for the permanent disposal of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste. Congress amended the Act in 1987, directing the Department of Energy to study only Yucca Mountain, Nevada as the site for a permanent geologic repository. As the law mandated, the Department evaluated Yucca Mountain to determine its suitability as the site for a permanent geologic repository. Decades of scientific studies demonstrated that Yucca Mountain would protect workers, the public, and the environment during the time that a repository would be operating and for tens of thousands of years after closure of the repository. A repository at this remote site would also: preserve the quality of the environment; allow the environmental cleanup of Cold War weapons facilities; provide the nation with additional protection from acts of terrorism; and support a sound energy policy. Throughout the scientific evaluation of Yucca Mountain, there has been no evidence to disqualify Yucca Mountain as a suitable site for the permanent disposal of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste. Upon completion of site characterization, the Secretary of Energy considered the results and concluded that a repository at Yucca Mountain would perform in a manner that protects public health and safety. The Secretary recommended the site to the President in February 2002; the President agreed and recommended to Congress that the site be approved. The Governor of Nevada submitted a notice of disapproval, and both houses of Congress acted to override the disapproval. In July 2002, the President's approval allowed the Department to begin the process of submittal of a license application for Yucca Mountain as the site for the nation's first repository for spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste. Yucca Mountain is located on federal land in Nye County in southern Nevada, an arid region of the United States, approximately 100 miles (160 kilometers) northwest of Las Vegas (Figure 1). The location is remote from population centers, and there are no permanent residents within approximately 14 miles (23 km) of the site. Overall, Nye County has a population density of about two persons per square mile (two persons per 2.5 square km); in the vicinity of Yucca Mountain, it is significantly less. Yucca Mountain is a series of north-south-trending ridges extending approximately 25 miles (40 km), and consists of successive layers of fine-grained volcanic tuffs, millions of years old, underlain by older carbonate rocks. The alternating layers of welded and nonwelded volcanic tuffs have differing hydrologic properties that significantly impact the manner in which water moves through the mountain. The repository horizon will be in welded tuff located in the unsaturated zone, more than 1,000 feet (300 meters) above the water table in the present-day climate, and is expected to remain well above the water table during wetter future climate conditions. Future meteorology and climatology at Yucca Mountain are important elements in understanding the amount of water available to potentially interact with the waste.

  11. Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 99: Rainier Mesa/Shoshone Mountain, Nevada Test Site, Nevada with Errata and ROTC 1, Rev. No. 0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John McCord; Marutzky, Sam

    2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Corrective Action Investigation Plan (CAIP) was developed for Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 99, Rainier Mesa/Shoshone Mountain. The CAIP is a requirement of the ''Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order'' (FFACO) agreed to by the State of Nevada, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), and the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) (FFACO, 1996). The FFACO addresses environmental restoration activities at U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) facilities and sites including the underground testing area(s) of the Nevada Test Site (NTS). This CAIP describes the investigation activities currently planned for the Rainier Mesa/Shoshone Mountain CAU. These activities are consistent with the current Underground Test Area (UGTA) Project strategy described in Section 3.0 of Appendix VI, Revision No. 1 (December 7, 2000) of the FFACO (1996) and summarized in Section 2.1.2 of this plan. The Rainier Mesa/Shoshone Mountain CAU extends over several areas of the NTS (Figure 1-1) and includes former underground nuclear testing locations in Areas 12 and 16. The area referred to as ''Rainier Mesa'' includes the geographical area of Rainier Mesa proper and the contiguous Aqueduct Mesa. Figure 1-2 shows the locations of the tests (within tunnel complexes) conducted at Rainier Mesa. Shoshone Mountain is located approximately 20 kilometers (km) south of Rainier Mesa, but is included within the same CAU due to similarities in their geologic setting and in the nature and types of nuclear tests conducted. Figure 1-3 shows the locations of the tests conducted at Shoshone Mountain. The Rainier Mesa/Shoshone Mountain CAU falls within the larger-scale Rainier Mesa/Shoshone Mountain Investigation Area, which also includes the northwest section of the Yucca Flat CAU as shown in Figure 1-1. Rainier Mesa and Shoshone Mountain lie adjacent to the Timber Mountain Caldera Complex and are composed of volcanic rocks that erupted from the caldera as well as from more distant sources. This has resulted in a layered volcanic stratigraphy composed of thick deposits of welded and nonwelded ash-flow tuff and lava flows. These deposits are proximal to the source caldera and are interstratified with the more distal facies of fallout tephra and bedded reworked tuff from more distant sources. In each area, a similar volcanic sequence was deposited upon Paleozoic carbonate and siliciclastic rocks that are disrupted by various thrust faults, normal faults, and strike-slip faults. In both Rainier Mesa (km) to the southwest, and Tippipah Spring, 4 km to the north, and the tunnel complex is dry. Particle-tracking simulations performed during the value of information analysis (VOIA) (SNJV, 2004b) indicate that most of the regional groundwater that underlies the test locations at Rainier Mesa and Shoshone Mountain eventually follows similar and parallel paths and ultimately discharges in Death Valley and the Amargosa Desert. Particle-tracking simulations conducted for the regional groundwater flow and risk assessment indicated that contamination from Rainier Mesa and Shoshone Mountain were unlikely to leave the NTS during the 1,000-year period of interest (DOE/NV, 1997a). It is anticipated that CAU-scale modeling will modify these results somewhat, but it is not expected to radically alter the outcome of these previous particle-tracking simulations within the 1,000-year period of interest. The Rainier Mesa/Shoshone Mountain CAIP describes the corrective action investigation (CAI) to be conducted at the Rainier Mesa/Shoshone Mountain CAU to evaluate the extent of contamination in groundwater due to the underground nuclear testing. The CAI will be conducted by the UGTA Project, which is part of the NNSA/NSO Environmental Restoration Project (ERP). The purpose and scope of the CAI are presented in this section, followed by a summary of the entire document.

  12. Geochemical properties of the Beni Bousera (N. Morocco) peridotites : a field and laboratory approach to understanding melt infiltration and extraction in an orogenic peridotite massif

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manthei, Christian D. (Christian David)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Beni Bousera ultramafic massif is a tectonically emplaced body of upper mantle material that is exposed over 72 km2 in the Betic-Rif-Tell orogenic belt of northern Morocco. The massif is composed primarily of spinel ...

  13. ENGINEERING EDUCATION IN POLAND Roman Morawski, Brian Manhire* and Janusz Starzyk*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Starzyk, Janusz A.

    , the Repub- lic of Poland is slightly smaller (312 683 sq km) than New Mexico with a (98 % ethnic Polish and steel, coal mining, chemicals, ship building, food processing, glass, beverages and textiles

  14. Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Leg 207 recently cored sediments on the Demerara Rise at ~9N

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bice, Karen L.

    Rise,north of Suriname and French Guyana, South America,is an ideal drilling target because expanded of Suriname,and is ~220 km wide from the shelf break to the northeastern escarpment. Most of the plateau lies

  15. An evaluation of the feasibility of disposal of nuclear waste in very deep boreholes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Victoria Katherine, 1980-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deep boreholes, 3 to 5 km into igneous rock, such as granite, are evaluated for next- generation repository use in the disposal of spent nuclear fuel and other high level waste. The primary focus is on the stability and ...

  16. A bow shock model for the wind-ISM interaction of the run-away Wolf-Rayet star WR 124

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Sluys, Marc

    causes a bow shock instead of a spherical bubble. The following points provide evidence for this bow. The dotted lines display the posi- tion and radial velocity of WR 124. This fit suggests that vism ¨ 180 km s

  17. Evolution of oceanic margins : rifting in the Gulf of California and sediment diapirism and mantle hydration during subduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Nathaniel Clark

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis investigates three processes that control the evolution of oceanic margins. Chapter 2 presents seismic images of a ~2-km-thick evaporite body in Guaymas Basin, central Gulf of California. In rifts, evaporites ...

  18. Revue de sociolinguistique en ligne N 4 Juillet 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Amérique du Sud, le département d'Outre-mer de la Guyane partage 520 km de frontières avec le Surinam et

  19. asia melting glaciers: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Liyun Zhao a , Ran Ding a , John C change by 2050 of all 67,028 glaciers, with a total area of 122,969 km2 , delineated in the Randolph Glacier Inventory 2.0 of high mountain...

  20. Bringing it all together David R. Maidment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Zong-Liang

    on plant and animal life ­ On a human level as to impacts on water supply, power plant operations, air Source: Julia Slingo, UK Met Office #12;Proposed 1 km Simulation Domain for North America Source: Pier

  1. Ramp compression of iron to 273 GPa Jue Wang, Raymond F. Smith, Jon H. Eggert, Dave G. Braun, Thomas R. Boehly et al.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duffy, Thomas S.

    to the Earth's core. Using wave-profile analysis, the sound speed and the stress-density response were km depth),6 with the crystalline inner core being sur- rounded by the liquid outer core. While

  2. 9 0 A S T R O N O M Y N O W / J U N 2 0 0 2 he current debate over missile defence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Saddam Hussein, who set fire to the oil wells in Kuwait and caused an environmental disaster hazardous for peaceful as well as military purposes. Every bit of debris in orbit higher than about 800 km

  3. Antarctic sea ice control on ocean circulation in present and glacial climates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrari, Raffaele

    In the modern climate, the ocean below 2 km is mainly filled by waters sinking into the abyss around Antarctica and in the North Atlantic. Paleoproxies indicate that waters of North Atlantic origin were instead absent below ...

  4. E-Print Network 3.0 - active fault isolation Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and those exhibited by much smaller (L 0.15-2 km) more isolated faults... Post-yield fracture mechanics models for the growth of an isolated fault predict a linear...

  5. E-Print Network 3.0 - altitude air travel Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mechanics Conference Crown Plaza, Gold Coast, Australia Summary: boosted a 3000kg scramjet vehicle to an altitude of 27km travelling at Mach 6 and a flight path angle 0... is...

  6. Shenhur, Temple of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Meyer, Marleen; Minas-Nerpel, Martina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Roman Period temple of Isis at Shenhur was built anddedicated to the Great Goddess Isis, is located 20 km northdoor, where the Great Goddess Isis manifested herself to the

  7. Geology and Hydrogeology of Carbonate Islands. Developments in Sedimentology 54 edited by H.L. Vacher and T. Quinn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    González, Luis A.

    between Puerto Rico and Hispaniola in the northeastern Caribbean Sea (Fig. 9-1). It is located 72 km west Atlantic~ ~lJ / _~°//~ \\ 3ooo- --~- r :.... .....~'~Ocean ~ \\~~(y,,.,.....~,,.,.....~ _ __k'-2000~ i~"Hispaniola

  8. Dipole-dipole resistivity survey of a portion of the Coso Hot...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    KGRA in September 1977. This survey has defined a bedrock resistivity low at least 4 sq mi (10 sq km) in extent associated with the geothermal system at Coso. The boundaries of...

  9. Low-altitude aeromagnetic survey of a portion of the Coso Hot...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Inyo County, California Abstract A detailed low-altitude aeromagnetic survey of 576 line-mi (927 line-km) was completed over a portion of the Coso Hot Springs KGRA in September...

  10. s.haszeldine@ed.ac.uk Radioactive waste Cumbria: Maryport, Silloth 21, 22 Nov 2012 1 Geological disposal of radioactive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -Gas and Coal-Bed-Methane exploration. That excludes the rest of the coastal zone for a 5x5km Repository 2010, the nuclear industry has calculated that the escape of radioactive methane would result in a dose four

  11. NOAA ARL Monthly Activity Report Bruce B. Hicks, Director

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . New York City Urban Dispersion Program 18. Extreme Turbulence (ET) Probe 19. Smart Balloon 20, tens of meters from the ocean, and at Atqasuk, on inland tundra 120km south. To date, all Arctic long

  12. Strontium isotopes reveal distant sources of architectural timber in Chaco Canyon, New Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strontium isotopes reveal distant sources of architectural timber in Chaco Canyon, New Mexico-carried from isolated mountaintops 75­100 km away. Because strontium from local dust, water, and underlying

  13. A climatology, synoptic assessment, and thermodynamic evaluation for cloud-to-ground lightning in Georgia: a study for the 1996 Summer Olympics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Livingston, Eric Scott

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A lightning climatology within 50 km of nine outdoor venue locations for the 1996 Summer Olympics is produced. Spatial and temporal patterns were analyzed for July and August from 1986 to 1993. Active and inactive lightning days were isolated...

  14. 5, 42914310, 2005 Horizontal winds at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    . These data are10 then merged with the wind climatology obtained from falling sphere measurements made during wind climatology between 0 and 100 km as a benchmark for future studies at Rothera. A westwards

  15. Inferences On The Hydrothermal System Beneath The Resurgent Dome...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of magma or high-temperature fluids at depths of 5-7 km. Authors Christopher D. Farrar, Michael L. Sorey, Evelyn Roeloffs, Devin L. Galloway, James F. Howle and Ronald...

  16. VenustransitsWhatfor? Venus transits in telescopic times

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Korn, Andreas

    : Based on Tycho Brahe`s observations, Johannes Kepler comes up with his famous three laws of planetary is the Sun? 250 BC: Aristarchos of Samos calculates AU 7 million km 16th century: Tycho Brahe measures AU

  17. Exhumation, rift-flank uplift, and the thermal evolution of the Rwenzori Mountains determined by combined (U-Th)/He and U-Pb thermochronometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacPhee, Daniel

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rising over 5 km along the border of Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Rwenzori Mountains represent an extreme example of basement rift-flank uplift in the western branch of the East African Rift, a ...

  18. Horns RevHorns Rev Offshore Wind FarmOffshore Wind Farm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horns RevHorns Rev Offshore Wind FarmOffshore Wind Farm #12;Prepared for: ELSAM A/S, Overgade 45 prior to the construction of an offshore wind farm at Horns Rev, situated approximately 15 km off

  19. Determining Greenland Ice Sheet sensitivity to regional climate change: one-way coupling of a 3-D thermo-mechanical ice sheet model with a mesoscale climate model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlegel, Nicole-Jeanne

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Jakobshavn I. Rinks Observed Historic Flux (km 3 ice/year)I. Rinks * Outlets fed by the Northeast Greenland Ice StreamRinks, measured in 2000). Figure 3.1: Steady-state (A) topography (m) and (C) ice

  20. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 92639280, 2009 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/9/9263/2009/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    of Legionnaire's disease, there is evidence of airborne transmission up to 6 km from contaminated in- dustrial cooling towers (Nguyen et al., 2006). Investigators have sampled the microbial populations of the upper

  1. Widely tunable lasers for slow and fast switching applications J. Regan, W. Lynds, L. Coldren

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coldren, Larry A.

    Agility Communications, Adamson House, Towers Business Park, Didsbury, Manchester, M20 2YY, UK Abstract regionsQ waveguide Figure 3 shows the bit-error rate after transmission through 350 km of standard single

  2. Identification of a New Blind Geothermal System with Hyperspectral...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    was conducted with the ProSpecTIR VS2 instrument and consists of 380 km2 of 4-meter spatial resolution data acquired on October 29, 2008, covering the playa and surrounding...

  3. A New Gold Pan For The West- Discovering Blind Geothermal Systems...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    least 5 km long was located adjacent to outcrops of opalized sands. Shallow temperature data at Tungsten Mountain help to define the spatial extent of a thermal anomaly more than...

  4. Energy Department Releases New Land-Based/Offshore Wind Resource...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    shows the predicted mean annual wind speeds at 80-m height produced from AWS Truepower's data at a spatial resolution of 2.5 km and interpolated to a finer scale. Read more about...

  5. U(VI) sorption and reduction kinetics on the magnetite (111)...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    information in real-time under batch-flow conditions. Citation: Singer DM, SME Chatman, ES Ilton, KM Rosso, JF Banfield, and G Waychunas.2012."U(VI) sorption and...

  6. Identification of simultaneous U(VI) sorption complexes and U...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    conditions under which U (VI)-CO3-Ca complexes inhibit U reduction. Citation: Singer DM, SME Chatman, ES Ilton, KM Rosso, JF Banfield, and G Waychunas.2012."Identification of...

  7. Thalassia testudinum response to the interactive stressors hypersalinity, sulfide and hypoxia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koch-Rose, Marguerite

    , 777 Glades Road, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA b Institute of Biology, University of Southern Denmark (Robblee et al., 1991; Seddon et al., 2000; Plus et al., 2003). In 1987 approximately 40 km2 of Thalassia

  8. --Finance Home Yahoo! Help AFX News on Yahoo! Finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - -Finance Home Yahoo! Help AFX News on Yahoo! Finance quote news London Go Symbol Lookup Monday. The EU plans to finance 40 pct of the total. bpi-aud/jit-jfs/km/jlw · More From > Previous article

  9. adiposity offaster longer-distanced: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    separated by a coiled 1 km optical fiber, with a total loss of 8.9 dB (87%). A. J. Bennet; D. A. Evans; D. J. Saunders; C. Branciard; E. G. Cavalcanti; H. M. Wiseman; G. J....

  10. Next Generation Light Source R&D and Design Studies at LBNL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corlett, J.N.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    R&D AND DESIGN STUDIES AT LBNL * B. Austin, K.M. Baptiste,R. Wilcox, J. Wurtele, LBNL, Berkeley, CA94720, U.S.A.Abstract LBNL is developing design concepts for a multi?

  11. For Immediate Release --Tuesday, Apr. 30, 2013 Largest space telescope ever closes its eyes on the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seldin, Jonathan P.

    projects, and remarkable images that show unique star births sand star formations gain years of data, new insights into galaxy and star formations from Herschel more than 1.5 km away from earth in deep space, the Herschel Space

  12. Optimal Energy Management for a Hybrid Energy Storage System for Electric Vehicles Based on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paderborn, Universität

    conventional cars, the capacity is often dimensioned for driving ranges up to 250 km, as with the Tesla and Germany since 2009. It is propelled by a 150 kW induction motor. Its original energy storage consi

  13. Grazing Impact on Brood Parasitism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Locatelli, Anthony

    2014-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    also examined how grazing intensity (represented by distance from nest to nearest ungulate water source), nest concealment, and grazing in the landscape (represented by proportion of grassland within 3 km of a nest), related to parasitism. Overall...

  14. E-Print Network 3.0 - anthelmic resistance survey Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    JafarGandomi* and Andrew Curtis, School of GeoSciences, The University of Edinburgh, Kings Summary: , a resistive layer anywhere closer to the reservoir than 1 km decreases...

  15. White matter integrity, substance use, and risk taking in adolescence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobus, Joanna

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Eluvathingal, T. J. , Hasan, K. M. , Kramer, L. , Fletcher,Child Psychology, 18, 535-542. Hasan, K. M. , Sankar, A. ,M. , Cervellione, K.L. , Hasan, K.M. , Wu, J. , McIlree,

  16. Ferry-Based Linear Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jie

    Applications of WSNsApplications of WSNs Applications for WSNs: · Weather monitoring · Security and tactical pipelines. Desalinated water. Saudi Arabia: 3,800 Km. Oil, Gas, and Water Pipeline UseOil, Gas, and Water

  17. atrial fibrillation inpatient: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in space-time diagrams. The maximum extension of the top of the jets is lowest in the umbra, a few 100 km, and progressively longer further away from the umbra in the penumbra,...

  18. atrial fibrillation mantra-paf: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in space-time diagrams. The maximum extension of the top of the jets is lowest in the umbra, a few 100 km, and progressively longer further away from the umbra in the penumbra,...

  19. atrial fibrillation rationale: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in space-time diagrams. The maximum extension of the top of the jets is lowest in the umbra, a few 100 km, and progressively longer further away from the umbra in the penumbra,...

  20. atrial fibrillation insights: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in space-time diagrams. The maximum extension of the top of the jets is lowest in the umbra, a few 100 km, and progressively longer further away from the umbra in the penumbra,...

  1. atrial fibrillation attended: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in space-time diagrams. The maximum extension of the top of the jets is lowest in the umbra, a few 100 km, and progressively longer further away from the umbra in the penumbra,...

  2. atrial fibrillation star: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in space-time diagrams. The maximum extension of the top of the jets is lowest in the umbra, a few 100 km, and progressively longer further away from the umbra in the penumbra,...

  3. atrial fibrillation results: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in space-time diagrams. The maximum extension of the top of the jets is lowest in the umbra, a few 100 km, and progressively longer further away from the umbra in the penumbra,...

  4. atrial fibrillation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in space-time diagrams. The maximum extension of the top of the jets is lowest in the umbra, a few 100 km, and progressively longer further away from the umbra in the penumbra,...

  5. atrial fibrillation concomitant: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in space-time diagrams. The maximum extension of the top of the jets is lowest in the umbra, a few 100 km, and progressively longer further away from the umbra in the penumbra,...

  6. atrial fibrillation aaf: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in space-time diagrams. The maximum extension of the top of the jets is lowest in the umbra, a few 100 km, and progressively longer further away from the umbra in the penumbra,...

  7. area telescope observations: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    10944 located in the west side of the solar surface from March 2 to March 4, 2007. The umbra included many umbral dots (UDs) with size of 300 km in continuum light. We report the...

  8. atrial fibrillation treated: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in space-time diagrams. The maximum extension of the top of the jets is lowest in the umbra, a few 100 km, and progressively longer further away from the umbra in the penumbra,...

  9. atrial fibrillation surgery: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in space-time diagrams. The maximum extension of the top of the jets is lowest in the umbra, a few 100 km, and progressively longer further away from the umbra in the penumbra,...

  10. Die Dynamik magnetischer Flu rohren im Sonnen eck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlichenmaier, Rolf

    with the photosphere, moves inward towards the umbra. In the upper part of the convection zone an up ow along the tube to 14km/s. The hot, hence bright footpoint, which moves radially inwards towards the umbra, can

  11. atrial fibrillation burden: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in space-time diagrams. The maximum extension of the top of the jets is lowest in the umbra, a few 100 km, and progressively longer further away from the umbra in the penumbra,...

  12. acute atrial fibrillation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in space-time diagrams. The maximum extension of the top of the jets is lowest in the umbra, a few 100 km, and progressively longer further away from the umbra in the penumbra,...

  13. atrial fibrillation correlates: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in space-time diagrams. The maximum extension of the top of the jets is lowest in the umbra, a few 100 km, and progressively longer further away from the umbra in the penumbra,...

  14. asymptomatic atrial fibrillation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in space-time diagrams. The maximum extension of the top of the jets is lowest in the umbra, a few 100 km, and progressively longer further away from the umbra in the penumbra,...

  15. atrial fibrillation complicating: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in space-time diagrams. The maximum extension of the top of the jets is lowest in the umbra, a few 100 km, and progressively longer further away from the umbra in the penumbra,...

  16. atrial fibrillation update: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in space-time diagrams. The maximum extension of the top of the jets is lowest in the umbra, a few 100 km, and progressively longer further away from the umbra in the penumbra,...

  17. atrial fibrillation treatment: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in space-time diagrams. The maximum extension of the top of the jets is lowest in the umbra, a few 100 km, and progressively longer further away from the umbra in the penumbra,...

  18. atrial fibrillation recurrence: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in space-time diagrams. The maximum extension of the top of the jets is lowest in the umbra, a few 100 km, and progressively longer further away from the umbra in the penumbra,...

  19. atrial fibrillation prevalence: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in space-time diagrams. The maximum extension of the top of the jets is lowest in the umbra, a few 100 km, and progressively longer further away from the umbra in the penumbra,...

  20. atrial fibrillation ablation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in space-time diagrams. The maximum extension of the top of the jets is lowest in the umbra, a few 100 km, and progressively longer further away from the umbra in the penumbra,...

  1. atrial fibrillation pharmacotherapy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in space-time diagrams. The maximum extension of the top of the jets is lowest in the umbra, a few 100 km, and progressively longer further away from the umbra in the penumbra,...

  2. atrial fibrillation animal: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in space-time diagrams. The maximum extension of the top of the jets is lowest in the umbra, a few 100 km, and progressively longer further away from the umbra in the penumbra,...

  3. atrial fibrillation undergoing: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in space-time diagrams. The maximum extension of the top of the jets is lowest in the umbra, a few 100 km, and progressively longer further away from the umbra in the penumbra,...

  4. atrial fibrillation due: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in space-time diagrams. The maximum extension of the top of the jets is lowest in the umbra, a few 100 km, and progressively longer further away from the umbra in the penumbra,...

  5. atrial fibrillation integration: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in space-time diagrams. The maximum extension of the top of the jets is lowest in the umbra, a few 100 km, and progressively longer further away from the umbra in the penumbra,...

  6. atrial fibrillation comparison: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in space-time diagrams. The maximum extension of the top of the jets is lowest in the umbra, a few 100 km, and progressively longer further away from the umbra in the penumbra,...

  7. atrial fibrillation patients: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in space-time diagrams. The maximum extension of the top of the jets is lowest in the umbra, a few 100 km, and progressively longer further away from the umbra in the penumbra,...

  8. Geometry of domains with the uniform squeezing properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    For gB and gKE, any order of covariant derivative of the curvature tensor of the metric is .... coordinates (z1, ··· ,zN ) on a coordinate chart U, let eKM = dz1?· · ·?

  9. ECOLOGICAL CONSIDERATIONS OF THE SOLAR ALTERNATIVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davidson, M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the area would be about 3-4 km 2 . B. Photovoltaic Cells l ,6,7 Photovoltaic cells are based on semiconductor materialstoxic products. Photovoltaic cells could also be used on

  10. Recent Discoveries from the Analysis of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demoulin, Pascal

    storms #12;16 · High altitude / high speed winds (up to 500 m/s, 1800 km/h at equator) · Merging of 2 (red) concentration (UVIS) · Rings composition with VIMS mechanism to sort ring material versus

  11. The Ants of Fiji

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarnat, Eli M.; Economo, Evan P.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    nr Nuku Vlg. Ocean Pacific Ocean Pacific Ratu Sukuna Parknr Nabukavesi Vlg. Ocean Pacific Resort, 2km SE Nabukavesi800, Mosquito Island 1, Ocean Pacific 1, Ocean Pacific 2,

  12. Precision requirements for space-based X CO 2 data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    continent in June 2003, and 727 km over the Pacific Ocean.Data over the Pacific Ocean were a composite of multiplekm (September 2000) over the Pacific Ocean. The two sets of

  13. Superfund Cleanups and Infant Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Currie, Janet

    2011-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We are the first to examine the effect of Superfund cleanups on infant health rather than focusing on proximity to a site. We study singleton births to mothers residing within 5km of a Superfund site between 1989 and 2003 ...

  14. A lower crustal perspective on the stabilization and reactivation of continental lithosphere in the western Canadian shield

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flowers, Rebecca Marie

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New geochronological, thermochronological, geological and isotopic data from an extensive (> 20,000 km²) exposure of high-pressure granulites (0.8 to > 1.5 GPa, >750 ?C) in the East Lake Athabasca region of the Snowbird ...

  15. Allocation of Space and the Costs of Multimodal Transport in Cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzales, Eric Justin

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    overall population density D (ppl/m 2 ) and the average rateeach person makes trips ? (trips/ppl·sec): ? = D?. At thePleasant Hill, California D R ppl = 2,300 km 2 = 0.11 m 2 m

  16. Allocation of Space and the Costs of Multimodal Transport in Cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzales, Eric Justin

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    overall population density D (ppl/m 2 ) and the average rateeach person makes trips ? (trips/ppl·sec): ? = D?. At thePleasant Hill, California D R ppl = 2,300 km m 2 = 0.11 m 2

  17. On QPCCs, QCQPs and Completely Positive Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    0 ddT. ) | d ? L?. } ?+. {(. 1 xT x X. ) | (x, X) feasible for (12). } ,. (13) where ? was defined in (5). Among the above sets, L? is the recession cone of. K?M, ?+ is ...

  18. transcriptomics analysis | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    biofuel production. Citation: DeAngelis KM, D Sharma, R Varney, BA Simmons, NG Isern, LM Markillie, CD Nicora, AD Norbeck, RC Taylor, JT Aldrich, and EW Robinson.2013."Evidence...

  19. SOLiD4 | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    biofuel production. Citation: DeAngelis KM, D Sharma, R Varney, BA Simmons, NG Isern, LM Markillie, CD Nicora, AD Norbeck, RC Taylor, JT Aldrich, and EW Robinson.2013."Evidence...

  20. 915-MHz Radar Wind Profiler (915RWP) Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coulter, R

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 915 MHz radar wind profiler/radio acoustic sounding system (RWP/RASS) measures wind profiles and backscattered signal strength between (nominally) 0.1 km and 5 km and virtual temperature profiles between 0.1 km and 2.5 km. It operates by transmitting electromagnetic energy into the atmosphere and measuring the strength and frequency of backscattered energy. Virtual temperatures are recovered by transmitting an acoustic signal vertically and measuring the electromagnetic energy scattered from the acoustic wavefront. Because the propagation speed of the acoustic wave is proportional to the square root of the virtual temperature of the air, the virtual temperature can be recovered by measuring the Doppler shift of the scattered electromagnetic wave.