Sample records for km kilometers km

  1. Teleportation of entanglement over 143 km

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Herbst; Thomas Scheidl; Matthias Fink; Johannes Handsteiner; Bernhard Wittmann; Rupert Ursin; Anton Zeilinger

    2015-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

    As a direct consequence of the no-cloning theorem, the deterministic amplification as in classical communication is impossible for quantum states. This calls for more advanced techniques in a future global quantum network, e.g. for cloud quantum computing. A unique solution is the teleportation of an entangled state, i.e. entanglement swapping, representing the central resource to relay entanglement between distant nodes. Together with entanglement purification and a quantum memory it constitutes a so-called quantum repeater. Since the aforementioned building blocks have been individually demonstrated in laboratory setups only, the applicability of the required technology in real-world scenarios remained to be proven. Here we present a free-space entanglement-swapping experiment between the Canary Islands of La Palma and Tenerife, verifying the presence of quantum entanglement between two previously independent photons separated by 143 km. We obtained an expectation value for the entanglement-witness operator, more than 6 standard deviations beyond the classical limit. By consecutive generation of the two required photon pairs and space-like separation of the relevant measurement events, we also showed the feasibility of the swapping protocol in a long-distance scenario, where the independence of the nodes is highly demanded. Since our results already allow for efficient implementation of entanglement purification, we anticipate our assay to lay the ground for a fully-fledged quantum repeater over a realistic high-loss and even turbulent quantum channel.

  2. Daylight quantum key distribution over 1.6 km

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. T. Buttler; R. J. Hughes; S. K. Lamoreaux; G. L. Morgan; J. E. Nordholt; C. G. Peterson

    2000-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum key distribution (QKD) has been demonstrated over a point-to-point $\\sim1.6$-km atmospheric optical path in full daylight. This record transmission distance brings QKD a step closer to surface-to-satellite and other long-distance applications.

  3. Accelerated Aging Effects on Kevlar KM2 Fiber Survivability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Tony

    2013-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    as an alternative test method to the pneumatic grip setup. ........................................ 87 ix LIST OF TABLES Page Table 1. DuPont?s Kevlar fiber grades and their tensile material properties ranked by ascending tensile modulus.... ................................................................................. 5 Table 2. Kevlar KM2 properties given by DuPont. ........................................................... 6 Table 3. Fiber rapid degradation Design of Experiment factors and levels. .................... 36 Table 4. Recorded experimentally...

  4. An exact sequence for KM /2 with applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vishik, Alexander

    of characteristics zero. For a sequence a = (a1, . . . , an) of invertible elements of k consider the homomorphism KM the authors were members of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. We would like to thank both the small Pfister quadric or the norm quadric associated with the symbol a. Denote by k(Qa) the function

  5. Basic Properties Radius: = RRSun 109km1096.6 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basu, Shantanu

    of the Sun radius T (K) (kg/m3) Core: 57 106.1106.125.0 ×× SunRr Radiative zone: 46 1021087.025.0 ×× Sun 10810km2000 - ×r Corona: 116 10101.00.01 - - SunSun RRr Upper corona merges into the Solar Wind. #12;Interior Nuclear reactions in core via p-p chain: MeV)(12.9HHHeHeHe MeV)(5.49HeHH MeV)44.1(HHH 11433 312

  6. A 233 km tunnel for lepton and hadron colliders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Summers, D. J.; Cremaldi, L. M.; Datta, A.; Duraisamy, M.; Luo, T.; Lyons, G. T. [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of Mississippi-Oxford, University, MS 38677 (United States)

    2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A decade ago, a cost analysis was conducted to bore a 233 km circumference Very Large Hadron Collider (VLHC) tunnel passing through Fermilab. Here we outline implementations of e{sup +}e{sup -}, pp-bar , and {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} collider rings in this tunnel using recent technological innovations. The 240 and 500 GeV e{sup +}e{sup -} colliders employ Crab Waist Crossings, ultra low emittance damped bunches, short vertical IP focal lengths, superconducting RF, and low coercivity, grain oriented silicon steel/concrete dipoles. Some details are also provided for a high luminosity 240 GeV e{sup +}e{sup -} collider and 1.75 TeV muon accelerator in a Fermilab site filler tunnel. The 40 TeV pp-bar collider uses the high intensity Fermilab p-bar source, exploits high cross sections for pp-bar production of high mass states, and uses 2 Tesla ultra low carbon steel/YBCO superconducting magnets run with liquid neon. The 35 TeV muon ring ramps the 2 Tesla superconducting magnets at 9 Hz every 0.4 seconds, uses 250 GV of superconducting RF to accelerate muons from 1.75 to 17.5 TeV in 63 orbits with 71% survival, and mitigates neutrino radiation with phase shifting, roller coaster motion in a FODO lattice.

  7. A simple theory of cloud spreading at ranges from 1-2000 km

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gifford, F.A.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Examples support the conclusion that cloud or plume spreading in the troposphere proceeds rapidly and rather steadily for times on the order of a day or two and to distances of several hundreds of kilometers. Subsequently, possibly after a transition to the asymptotic rate of relative diffusion, the cloud begins to develop a streaky structure under the influence of the large-scale, enstrophy-cascade range of motions. The GASP spectra indicate that the transition between these two modes of spreading begins at several hundred kilometers ad is well developed by about 1000 km, in terms of spectral wavelength. The cloud streaks and patches elongate rapidly, evidently at the exponential rate, but spread laterally more slowly, at a rate that represents the effects of the conservation of cloud area under large-scale deformation and the lateral diffusion at the asymptotic rate. Although this relative diffusion occurs at a comparatively slow rate, it is very effective in reducing cloud concentrations in combination with the rapid, large-scale cloud stretching by the 2-D, enstrophy-cascade range eddies. The LANL heavy-methane cloud data indicate that the net result is very rapid decay of cloud concentration, apparently at an exponential rate.

  8. afm-12 1-km avhrr: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    unsupervised classi ? cation of 1 km monthly Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) Normalized Di ? erence Vegetation Index (NDVI) composites covering...

  9. High rate, long-distance quantum key distribution over 250km of ultra low loss fibres

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Stucki; N. Walenta; F. Vannel; R. T. Thew; N. Gisin; H. Zbinden; S. Gray; C. R. Towery; S. Ten

    2009-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a fully automated quantum key distribution prototype running at 625 MHz clock rate. Taking advantage of ultra low loss fibres and low-noise superconducting detectors, we can distribute 6,000 secret bits per second over 100 km and 15 bits per second over 250km.

  10. An exact sequence for KM* =2 with applications to quadratic forms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) of invertible elements of k consider the homomorphism KM*(k)=2 ! KM*+n(k)=2. In its present form the paper was written while the authors were members of the Institute for Advanced* * or the norm quadric associated with the symbol a_. Denote by k(Qa_) the function field of Qa_and by (Qa_)0

  11. Eleutherodactylus discoidalis BOLIVIA: Departamento Tarija: 12.3 km NW of Entre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castoe, Todd A.

    Eleutherodactylus discoidalis BOLIVIA: Departamento Tarija: 12.3 km NW of Entre Ri´os, on the road to Tarija, MNK-A 3877­97. Eleutherodactylus ibischi BOLIVIA: Departamento Santa Cruz: Km 68.5 on Santa Cruz- Samaipata road, MNK-A 6612. Eleutherodactylus zongoensis BOLIVIA: Departamento La Paz: Valle de Zongo, 1250

  12. Deactivation & Decommissioning Knowledge Management Information Tool (D&D KM-IT)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Deactivation and Decommissioning Knowledge Management Information Tool (D&D KM-IT) serves as a centralized repository providing a common interface for all D&D related activities.

  13. Comparison And Discussion Of The 6 Km Temperature Maps Of The...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Discussion Of The 6 Km Temperature Maps Of The Western Us Prepared By The Smu Geothermal Lab And The Usgs Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library...

  14. Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    GIS ... Dataset Activity Stream Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km resolution for Ghana from NREL (Abstract):  Raster GIS data, exported as BIL...

  15. atmosphere 0-70 km: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ramps the 2 Tesla superconducting magnets at 9 Hz every 0.4 seconds, uses 250 GV of superconduct... Summers, D J; Datta, A; Duraisamy, M; Luo, T; Lyons, G T 2012-01-01 100 A 233 km...

  16. Distribution of Time-Energy Entanglement over 100 km fiber using superconducting single-photon detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiang Zhang; Hiroki Takesue; Sae Woo Nam; Carsten Langrock; Xiuping Xie; M. M. Fejer; Yoshihisa Yamamoto

    2007-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

    In this letter, we report an experimental realization of distributing entangled photon pairs over 100 km of dispersion-shifted fiber. In the experiment, we used a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide to generate the time-energy entanglement and superconducting single-photon detectors to detect the photon pairs after 100 km. We also demonstrate that the distributed photon pairs can still be useful for quantum key distribution and other quantum communication tasks.

  17. 100 km secure differential phase shift quantum key distribution with low jitter up-conversion detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eleni Diamanti; Hiroki Takesue; Carsten Langrock; M. M. Fejer; Yoshihisa Yamamoto

    2006-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a quantum key distribution experiment in which keys that were secure against all individual eavesdropping attacks allowed by quantum mechanics were distributed over 100 km of optical fiber. We implemented the differential phase shift quantum key distribution protocol and used low timing jitter 1.55 um single-photon detectors based on frequency up-conversion in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides and silicon avalanche photodiodes. Based on the security analysis of the protocol against general individual attacks, we generated secure keys at a practical rate of 166 bit/s over 100 km of fiber. The use of the low jitter detectors also increased the sifted key generation rate to 2 Mbit/s over 10 km of fiber.

  18. On the Penetration of the 660 km Phase Change by Mantle Downflows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in an upward force which resists the passage of the downwelling through the phase change. Cold material piles up and spreads lat- erally on the phase-change boundary. Eventu- ally, enough cold materialOn the Penetration of the 660 km Phase Change by Mantle Downflows David Bercovici Department

  19. 21 Nordic Seminar on Computational Mechanics T. Kvamsdal, K.M. Mathisen and B. Pettersen (Eds)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLachlan, Robert

    ). A B-series for the system y = f(y) is a formal series in powers of the step size h and in terms 121 Nordic Seminar on Computational Mechanics NSCM-21 T. Kvamsdal, K.M. Mathisen and B. Pettersen symmetric integration methods) versus the preservation of symplecticity. 1 INTRODUCTION Given the system

  20. Subsidence in the Michigan basin produced ~5 km of sedimentation over a period of more

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ABSTRACT Subsidence in the Michigan basin produced ~5 km of sedimentation over a period of more a plate tectonic framework for the his- tory of the Michigan basin. INTRODUCTION The Michigan basin of the Michigan basin has led to numerous proposals for basin subsidence mechanisms, including thermal contraction

  1. Large-scale (100s km) distributions of tuna larvae (family Scombridae), par-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    abundance and fecundity of T. albacares (yellowfin tuna) and K. pelamis (skipjack tuna) in the western. pelamis larvae. Other possible explanations, however, are that previous sampling scales of 100s km between waters (Miller, 1979), and Thunnus spp. and K. pelamis larvae were up to 100 times more concentrated

  2. Net Carbon Flux from US Croplands at 1km2 Resolution.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Net Carbon Flux from US Croplands at 1km2 Resolution. This estimate includes all on-site sources and sinks of carbon Agronomic Feedstock Production and Environmental Impact Analyses ORNL uses high-resolution projections of feedstock production in analyses of soil carbon change, soil erosion, energy use, net

  3. Mode-Locking in 25-km Fibre Laser , S.Turitsyn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kobtsev, Sergei M.

    generation of ultra-short optical pulses with high energy. The extension of the cavity lengthMode-Locking in 25-km Fibre Laser A.Ivanenko (1,2) , S.Turitsyn (1) , S.Kobsev (2) , M.Dubov (1) (1) Photonics Research Group, Aston University, UK, s.k.turitsyn@aston.ac.uk (2) Laser Systems Laboratory

  4. Four-neutrino analysis of 1.5km-baseline reactor antineutrino oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kang, Sin Kyu; Ko, Young-Ju; Siyeon, Kim

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The masses of sterile neutrinos are not yet known, and depending on the orders of magnitudes, their existence may explain reactor anomalies or the spectral shape of reactor neutrino events at 1.5km-baseline detector. Here, we present four-neutrino analysis of the results announced by RENO and Daya Bay, which performed the definitive measurements of $\\theta_{13}$ based on the disappearance of reactor antineutrinos at km-order baselines. Our results using 3+1 scheme include the exclusion curve of $\\Delta m^2_{41}$ vs. $\\theta_{14}$ and the adjustment of $\\theta_{13}$ due to correlation with $\\theta_{14}$. The value of $\\theta_{13}$ obtained by RENO and Daya Bay with a three-neutrino oscillation analysis is included in the $1\\sigma$ interval of $\\theta_{13}$ allowed by our four-neutrino analysis.

  5. Four-neutrino analysis of 1.5km-baseline reactor antineutrino oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sin Kyu Kang; Yeong-Duk Kim; Young-Ju Ko; Kim Siyeon

    2014-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The masses of sterile neutrinos are not yet known, and depending on the orders of magnitudes, their existence may explain reactor anomalies or the spectral shape of reactor neutrino events at 1.5km-baseline detector. Here, we present four-neutrino analysis of the results announced by RENO and Daya Bay, which performed the definitive measurements of $\\theta_{13}$ based on the disappearance of reactor antineutrinos at km-order baselines. Our results using 3+1 scheme include the exclusion curve of $\\Delta m^2_{41}$ vs. $\\theta_{14}$ and the adjustment of $\\theta_{13}$ due to correlation with $\\theta_{14}$. The value of $\\theta_{13}$ obtained by RENO and Daya Bay with a three-neutrino oscillation analysis is included in the $1\\sigma$ interval of $\\theta_{13}$ allowed by our four-neutrino analysis.

  6. Practical free-space quantum key distribution over 10 km in daylight and at night

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richard J. Hughes; Jane E. Nordholt; Derek Derkacs; Charles G. Peterson

    2002-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We have demonstrated quantum key distribution (QKD) over a 10-km, 1-airmass atmospheric range during daylight and at night. Secret random bit sequences of the quality required for the cryptographic keys used to initialize secure communications devices were transferred at practical rates with realistic security. By identifying the physical parameters that determine the system's secrecy efficiency, we infer that free-space QKD will be practical over much longer ranges under these and other atmospheric and instrumental conditions.

  7. Hydrodynamic simulations of a combined hydrogen, helium thermonuclear runaway on a 10-km neutron star

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Starrfield, S.; Kenyon, S.; Truran, J.W.; Sparks, W.M.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have used a Lagrangian, hydrodynamic stellar-evolution computer code to evolve a thermonuclear runaway in the accreted hydrogen rich envelope of a 1.0M, 10-km neutron star. Our simulation produced an outburst which lasted about 2000 sec and peak effective temperature was 3 keV. The peak luminosity exceeded 2 x 10/sup 5/ L. A shock wave caused a precursor in the light curve which lasted 10/sup -5/ sec.

  8. Quantum key distribution over 25 km with an all-fiber continuous-variable system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jerome Lodewyck; Matthieu Bloch; Raul Garcia-Patron; Simon Fossier; Evgueni Karpov; Eleni Diamanti; Thierry Debuisschert; Nicolas J. Cerf; Rosa Tualle-Brouri; Steven W. McLaughlin; Philippe Grangier

    2007-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the implementation of a reverse-reconciliated coherent-state continuous-variable quantum key distribution system, with which we generated secret keys at a rate of more than 2 kb/s over 25 km of optical fiber. Time multiplexing is used to transmit both the signal and phase reference in the same optical fiber. Our system includes all experimental aspects required for a field implementation of a quantum key distribution setup. Real-time reverse reconciliation is achieved by using fast and efficient LDPC error correcting codes.

  9. A 24 km fiber-based discretely signaled continuous variable quantum key distribution system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quyen Dinh Xuan; Zheshen Zhang; Paul L. Voss

    2009-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We report a continuous variable key distribution system that achieves a final secure key rate of 3.45 kb/sec over a distance of 24.2 km of optical fiber. The protocol uses discrete signaling and post-selection to improve reconciliation speed and quantifies security by means of quantum state tomography. Polarization multiplexing and a frequency translation scheme permit transmission of a continuous wave local oscillator and suppression of noise from guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering by more than 27 dB.

  10. Quantum key distribution over 25 km with an all-fiber continuous-variable system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lodewyck, Jerome; Fossier, Simon [Thales Research and Technologies, RD 128, 91767 Palaiseau Cedex (France); Laboratoire Charles Fabry de l'Institut d'Optique-CNRS-Universite Paris-Sud, Campus Polytechnique, RD 128, 91127 Palaiseau Cedex (France); Bloch, Matthieu; McLaughlin, Steven W. [GeorgiaTech-CNRS UMI 2958, 2-3 rue Marconi, 57070 Metz (France); Garcia-Patron, Raul; Karpov, Evgueni; Cerf, Nicolas J. [Centre for Quantum Information and Communication, Ecole Polytechnique, CP 165/59, Universite libre de Bruxelles, 50 av. F. D. Roosevelt, B-1050 Brussels (Belgium); Diamanti, Eleni; Tualle-Brouri, Rosa; Grangier, Philippe [Laboratoire Charles Fabry de l'Institut d'Optique-CNRS-Universite Paris-Sud, Campus Polytechnique, RD 128, 91127 Palaiseau Cedex (France); Debuisschert, Thierry [Thales Research and Technologies, RD 128, 91767 Palaiseau Cedex (France)

    2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the implementation of a reverse-reconciliated coherent-state continuous-variable quantum key distribution system, with which we generated secret keys at a rate of more than 2 kb/s over 25 km of optical fiber. Time multiplexing is used to transmit both the signal and phase reference in the same optical fiber. Our system includes all experimental aspects required for a field implementation of a quantum key distribution setup. Real-time reverse reconciliation is achieved by using fast and efficient low-density parity check error correcting codes.

  11. Time-resolved particle velocity measurements at impact velocities of 10 km/s

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Furnish, M.D.; Chhabildas, L.C.; Reinhart, W.D.

    1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hypervelocity launch capabilities (9--16 km/s) with macroscopic plates have become available in recent years. It is now feasible to conduct instrumented plane-wave tests using this capability. Successfully conducting such tests requires a planar launch and impact at hypervelocities, appropriate triggering for recording systems, and time-resolved measurements of motion or stress at a particular point or set of points within the target or projectile during impact. The authors have conducted the first time-resolved wave-profile experiments using velocity interferometric techniques at impact velocities of 10 km/s. These measurements show that aluminum continues to exhibit normal release behavior to 161 GPa shock pressure, with complete loss of strength of the shocked state. These experiments have allowed a determination of shock-wave window transparency in conditions produced by a hypervelocity impact. In particular, lithium fluoride appears to lose transparency at a shock stress of 200 GPa; this appears to be the upper limit for conventional wave profile measurements using velocity interferometric techniques.

  12. Daymet: Daily Surface Weather Data on a 1-km Grid for North America, Version 2.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thornton, Peter E [ORNL; Thornton, Michele M [ORNL; Mayer, Benjamin W [ORNL; Wilhelmi, Nate [National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR); Wei, Yaxing [ORNL; Devarakonda, Ranjeet [ORNL; Cook, Robert B [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    More information: http://daymet.ornl.gov Presenter: Ranjeet Devarakonda Environmental Sciences Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Daymet: Daily Surface Weather Data and Climatological Summaries provides gridded estimates of daily weather parameters for North America, including daily continuous surfaces of minimum and maximum temperature, precipitation occurrence and amount, humidity, shortwave radiation, snow water equivalent, and day length. The current data product (Version 2) covers the period January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2013 [1]. The prior product (Version 1) only covered from 1980-2008. Data are available on a daily time step at a 1-km x 1-km spatial resolution in Lambert Conformal Conic projection with a spatial extent that covers the conterminous United States, Mexico, and Southern Canada as meteorological station density allows. Daymet data can be downloaded from 1) the ORNL Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC) search and order tools (http://daac.ornl.gov/cgi-bin/cart/add2cart.pl?add=1219) or directly from the DAAC FTP site (http://daac.ornl.gov/cgi-bin/dsviewer.pl?ds_id=1219) and 2) the Single Pixel Tool [2] and THREDDS (Thematic Real-time Environmental Data Services) Data Server [3]. The Single Pixel Data Extraction Tool allows users to enter a single geographic point by latitude and longitude in decimal degrees. A routine is executed that translates the (lon, lat) coordinates into projected Daymet (x,y) coordinates. These coordinates are used to access the Daymet database of daily-interpolated surface weather variables. Daily data from the nearest 1 km x 1 km Daymet grid cell are extracted from the database and formatted as a table with one column for each Daymet variable and one row for each day. All daily data for selected years are returned as a single (long) table, formatted for display in the browser window. At the top of this table is a link to the same data in a simple comma-separated text format, suitable for import into a spreadsheet or other data analysis software. The Single Pixel Data Extraction Tool also provides the option to download multiple coordinates programmatically. A multiple extractor script is freely available to download at http://daymet.ornl.gov/files/daymet.zip. The ORNL DAAC s THREDDS data server (TDS) provides customized visualization and access to Daymet time series of North American mosaics. Users can subset and download Daymet data via a variety of community standards, including OPeNDAP, NetCDF Subset service, and Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Web Map/Coverage Service. The ORNL DAAC TDS also exposes Daymet metadata through its ncISO service to facilitate harvesting Daymet metadata records into 3rd party catalogs. References: [1] Thornton, P.E., M.M. Thornton, B.W. Mayer, N. Wilhelmi, Y. Wei, R. Devarakonda, and R.B. Cook. 2014. Daymet: Daily Surface Weather Data on a 1-km Grid for North America, Version 2. Data set. Available on-line [http://daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. [2] Devarakonda R., et al. 2012. Daymet: Single Pixel Data Extraction Tool. Available on-line [http://daymet.ornl.go/singlepixel.html]. [3] Wei Y., et al. 2014. Daymet: Thematic Real-time Environmental Data Services. Available on-line [http://daymet.ornl.gov/thredds_tiles.html].

  13. Sensitivity and noise analysis of 4 km laser interferometric gravitational wave antennae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adhikari, Rana, 1974-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Around the world, efforts are underway to commission several kilometer-scale laser interferometers to detect gravitational radiation. In the United States, there are two collocated interferometers in Hanford, Washington ...

  14. Deep sea tests of a prototype of the KM3NeT digital optical module

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adrián-Martínez, S; Aharonian, F; Aiello, S; Albert, A; Ameli, F; Anassontzis, E G; Anghinolfi, M; Anton, G; Anvar, S; Ardid, M; de Asmundis, R; Band, H; Barbarino, G; Barbarito, E; Barbato, F; Baret, B; Baron, S; Belias, A; Berbee, E; Berg, A M van den; Berkien, A; Bertin, V; Beurthey, S; van Beveren, V; Beverini, N; Biagi, S; Bianucci, S; Billault, M; Birbas, A; Rookhuizen, H Boer; Bormuth, R; Bouche, V; Bouhadef, B; Bourlis, G; Bouwhuis, M; Bozza, C; Bruijn, R; Brunner, J; Cacopardo, G; Caillat, L; Calamai, M; Calvo, D; Capone, A; Caramete, L; Caruso, F; Cecchini, S; Ceres, A; Cereseto, R; Champion, C; Chateau, F; Chiarusi, T; Christopoulou, B; Circella, M; Classen, L; Cocimano, R; Colonges, S; Coniglione, R; Cosquer, A; Costa, M; Coyle, P; Creusot, A; Curtil, C; Cuttone, G; D'Amato, C; D'Amico, A; De Bonis, G; De Rosa, G; Deniskina, N; Destelle, J -J; Distefano, C; Donzaud, C; Dornic, D; Dorosti-Hasankiadeh, Q; Drakopoulou7, E; Drouhin, D; Drury, L; Durand, D; Eberl, T; Eleftheriadis, C; Elsaesser, D; Enzenhofer, A; Fermani, P; Fusco, L A; Gajana, D; Gal, T; Galata, S; Gallo, F; Garufi, F; Gebyehu, M; Giordano, V; Gizani, N; Ruiz, R Gracia; Graf, K; Grasso, R; Grella, G; Grmek, A; Habel, R; van Haren, H; Heid, T; Heijboer, A; Heine, E; Henry, S; Hernandez-Rey, J J; Herold, B; Hevinga, M A; van der Hoek, M; Hofestadt, J; Hogenbirk, J; Hugon, C; Hosl, J; Imbesi, M; James, C; Jansweijer, P; Jochum, J; de Jong, M; Kadler, M; Kalekin, O; Kappes, A; Kappos, E; Katz, U; Kavatsyuk, O; Keller, P; Kieft, G; Koffeman, E; Kok, H; Kooijman, P; Koopstra, J; Korporaal, A; Kouchner, A; Koutsoukos, S; Kreykenbohm, I; Kulikovskiy, V; Lahmann, R; Lamare, P; Larosa, G; Lattuada, D; Provost, H Le; Leisos, A; Lenis, D; Leonora, E; Clark, M Lindsey; Liolios, A; Alvarez, C D Llorens; Lohner, H; Presti, D Lo; Louis, F; Maccioni, E; Mannheim, K; Manolopoulos, K; Margiotta, A; Maris, O; Markou, C; Martinez-Mora, J A; Martini, A; Masullo, R; Michael, T; Migliozzi, P; Migneco, E; Miraglia, A; Mollo, C; Mongelli, M; Morganti, M; Mos, S; Moudden, Y; Musico, P; Musumeci, M; Nicolaou, C; Nicolau, C A; Orlando, A; Orzelli, A; Papageorgiou, K; Papaikonomou, A; Papaleo, R; Pavalas, G E; Peek, H; Pellegrino, C; Pellegriti, M G; Perrina, C; Petridou, C; Piattelli, P; Popa, V; Pradier, Th; Priede, M; Puhlhofer, G; Pulvirenti, S; Racca, C; Raffaelli, F; Randazzo, N; Rapidis, P A; Razis, P; Real, D; Resvanis, L; Reubelt, J; Riccobene, G; Rovelli, A; Royon, J; Saldana, M; Samtleben, D F E; Sanguineti, M; Santangelo, A; Sapienza, P; Savvidis, I; Schmelling, J; Schnabel, J; Sedita, M; Seitz, T; Sgura, I; Simeone, F; Siotis, I; Sipala, V; Solazzo, M; Spitaleri, A; Spurio, M; Steijger, J; Stolarczyk, T; Stransky, D; Taiuti, M; Terreni, G; Tezier, D; Theraube, S; Thompson, L F; Timmer, P; Trapierakis, H I; Trasatti, L; Trovato, A; Tselengidou, M; Tsirigotis, A; Tzamarias, S; Tzamariudaki, E; Vallage, B; Van Elewyck, V; Vermeulen, J; Vernin, P; Viola, S; Vivolo, D; Werneke, P; Wiggers, L; Wilms, J; de Wolf, E; van Wooning, R H L; Yatkin, K; Zachariadou, K; Zonca, E; Zornoza, J D; Zúñiga, J; Zwart, A

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first prototype of a photo-detection unit of the future KM3NeT neutrino telescope has been deployed in the deep waters of the Mediterranean Sea. This digital optical module has a novel design with a very large photocathode area segmented by the use of 31 three inch photomultiplier tubes. It has been integrated in the ANTARES detector for in-situ testing and validation. This paper reports on the first months of data taking and rate measurements. The analysis results highlight the capabilities of the new module design in terms of background suppression and signal recognition. The directionality of the optical module enables the recognition of multiple Cherenkov photons from the same $^{40}$K decay and the localization bioluminescent activity in the neighbourhood. The single unit can cleanly identify atmospheric muons and provide sensitivity to the muon arrival directions.

  15. Interpreting Energy and Tracer Spectra of Upper-Ocean Turbulence in the Submesoscale Range (1–200 km)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrari, Raffaele

    Submesoscale (1–200 km) wavenumber spectra of kinetic and potential energy and tracer variance are obtained from in situ observations in the Gulf Stream region and in the eastern subtropical North Pacific. In the Gulf ...

  16. Practical Point-to-Point Free-Space Quantum Key Distribution over 1/2 KM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buttler, W.T.; Hughes, R.J.; Kwiat, P.G.; Lamoreaux, S.K.; Morgan, G.L.; Peterson, C.G.

    1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have demonstrated point-to-point single-photon quantum key distribution (QKD) over a free-space optical path of {approximately}475 m under daylight conditions. This represents an increase of >1,000 times farther than any reported point-to-point demonstration, and >6 times farther than the previous folded path daylight demonstration. We expect to extend the daylight range to 2 km or more within the next few months. A brief description of the system is given here. The QKD transmitter, a.k.a. ''Alice'' (Fig. 1), consists of three thermoelectrically cooled diode lasers, a single interference filter (IF), two optical attenuators, two linear polarizers, two non-polarization beam-splitters (BSs), and a 27x beam expander. The two data-lasers' (dim-lasers') wavelengths are temperature controlled and constrained by the IF to {approximately}773 {+-} 0.5 nm, while the transmitted wavelength of the bright-laser (timing-laser) is {approximately}768 nm; the data-lasers are configured to emit a weak pulse of approximately 1 ns duration. The transmitter incorporates no active polarization switching--a first in QKD.

  17. Free-Space distribution of entanglement and single photons over 144 km

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Ursin; F. Tiefenbacher; T. Schmitt-Manderbach; H. Weier; T. Scheidl; M. Lindenthal; B. Blauensteiner; T. Jennewein; J. Perdigues; P. Trojek; B. Oemer; M. Fuerst; M. Meyenburg; J. Rarity; Z. Sodnik; C. Barbieri; H. Weinfurter; A. Zeilinger

    2006-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum Entanglement is the essence of quantum physics and inspires fundamental questions about the principles of nature. Moreover it is also the basis for emerging technologies of quantum information processing such as quantum cryptography, quantum teleportation and quantum computation. Bell's discovery, that correlations measured on entangled quantum systems are at variance with a local realistic picture led to a flurry of experiments confirming the quantum predictions. However, it is still experimentally undecided whether quantum entanglement can survive global distances, as predicted by quantum theory. Here we report the violation of the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt (CHSH) inequality measured by two observers separated by 144 km between the Canary Islands of La Palma and Tenerife via an optical free-space link using the Optical Ground Station (OGS) of the European Space Agency (ESA). Furthermore we used the entangled pairs to generate a quantum cryptographic key under experimental conditions and constraints characteristic for a Space-to-ground experiment. The distance in our experiment exceeds all previous free-space experiments by more than one order of magnitude and exploits the limit for ground-based free-space communication; significantly longer distances can only be reached using air- or space-based platforms. The range achieved thereby demonstrates the feasibility of quantum communication in space, involving satellites or the International Space Station (ISS).

  18. Global coupling at 660 km is proposed to explain plate tectonics and the generation of the earth's magnetic field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jozsef Garai

    2007-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The presence of low viscosity layers in the mantle is supported by line of geological and geophysical observations. Recent high pressure and temperature investigations indicated that partial carbonate melt should exist at the bottom of the lithosphere and at 660 km. The presence of few percent carbonate melt reduces the viscosity by several order of magnitude. The globally existing 660 km very low viscosity layer allows the development of differential rotation between the upper and lower mantle. This differential rotation between the 660 km outer shell and the rest of the earth offers a plausible explanation for plate tectonics and for the generation of the earth's magnetic field. Simple dynamo model is proposed, which able to reproduce all of the features of the contemporary and, within reasonable uncertainty, the paleomagnetic field. The model is also consistent with geological and geophysical observations.

  19. A robot that walked 65 km on a single charge: energy-effective and reliable locomotion using trajectory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruina, Andy L.

    PRE-PRINT A robot that walked 65 km on a single charge: energy-effective and reliable locomotion environment, that steps towards that goal. Ranger is essentially planar (rather than 3D); it has only 3 of 0.28). The high reliability and low energy use are achieved by: 1) development of an accurate bench

  20. Brillouin optical time-domain analysis over a 240 km-long fiber loop with no repeater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thévenaz, Jacques

    Brillouin optical time-domain analysis over a 240 km-long fiber loop with no repeater Xabier Angulo.angulo@io.cfmac.csic.es; phone +34 915618806 ext.:222 ABSTRACT In this paper we combine the use of optical pulse coding and seeded second-order Raman amplification to extend the sensing distance of Brillouin optical time

  1. LBNL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) October 10, 2003 TOP GROUP STANDINGS FOR 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LBNL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) October 10, 2003 page 1 TOP GROUP STANDINGS FOR 2003 , Anton not LBNL 7 11:18.8 Singer, Brett C 30-39 men 3 8 11:20.2 Yegian, Derek 30-39 men 4 9 11:20.4 Nihei 45 13:26.9 card not turned in 46 13:27.4 Elliott, James B 30-39 men 18 #12;LBNL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3

  2. 552 THE WILSON BULLETIN l Vol. 104, No. 3, September1992 On 21 July 1990, I found a second nest of similar construction, approximately 1 km to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hurd, Peter L.

    of similar construction, approximately 1 km to the NW. It was located on a tree fern (Cyathea sp., ca 8.8 cm

  3. Intelligent scraping experience using ultrasonics in two 60in./56in. dual diameter 100 km seawater transmission pipelines in Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bird, A.F.; Chu, K.S.

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Saudi ARAMCO`s two 60in./56in. (1524/1422 mm) diameter Seawater Injection Pipelines used for secondary oil recovery stretch from the Seawater Treatment Plant across the Arabian Desert for a distance of approximately 100 kilometers. Both lines were put into operation in mid 1978 using over the ditch Plicoflex tape wrap as a means of protection against external corrosion. A significant portion of both pipelines (32 km of each line) runs through Subkha (salty moist) areas. A series of test hole evaluations in 1989 indicated moderate to sever external corrosion particularly in Subkha which necessitated sleeving and external coating application. In 1991 a series of leaks, four (4) in total over a period of two (2) months occurred in Pipeline {number_sign}2 due to external corrosion. This suggested that the line(s) were in urgent need of at least partial replacement or major rehabilitation. Prior to making a final decision on partial replacement it was decided to run an Intelligent Scraper in both pipelines to ascertain both internal and external pipeline conditions. An Ultrasonic Scraper the largest of it`s kind in the world, similar to what was used in the Alyeska Pipeline was developed and successfully run in both pipelines in February 1993. This paper discusses the pipeline history, test hole evaluations, Intelligent Scraping experiences, field evaluation for anomaly verification, and repair of approximately 120 locations as identified by the Intelligent Scraping run. The Intelligent Scraping evaluation played a major role in the cancellation of partial pipeline replacement with cost savings estimated $30 MM.

  4. Assessment of the 60 km rapid update cycle (RUC) with near real-time aircraft reports. Project report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cole, R.E.; Richard, C.; Kim, S.; Bailey, D.

    1998-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is developing the Center-TRA-CON Advisory System (CTAS), a set of Air Traffic Management (ATM) Decision Support Tools (DST) for en route (Center) and terminal (TRACON) airspace designed to enable controllers to increase capacity and flight efficiency. A crucial component of the CTAS, or any ATM DST, is the computation of the time-of-flight of aircraft along flight path segments. Earlier NASA studies show that accurate knowledge of the wind through which the aircraft are flying is required to estimate time-of-flight accurately. There are current envisioned to be two sources of wind data for CTAS: The Rapid Update Cycle (RUC) for the Center airspace, a numerical model developed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Forecast System Laboratory (FSL) and run operationally by the National Weather Service (NWS) National Center for Environmental Prediction (NCEP); and The Integrated Terminal Weather System (ITWS) Terminal Winds (TW) for the TRACON airspace, developed at MIT Lincoln Laboratory under funding from the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). This study has three goals: (1) determine the errors in the baseline 60 km resolution RUC forecast wind fields relative to the needs of en route DSTs such as CTAS, (2) determine the benefit of using the TW algorithm to refine the RUC forecast wind fields with near real-time Meteorological Data Collection and Reporting System (MDCRS) reports, and (3) identify factors that influence wind errors in order to improve accuracy and estimate errors in real time.

  5. Mulching as a countermeasure for crop contamination within the 30 km zone of Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yera, T.S.; Vallejo, R.; Tent, J.; Rauret, G. [Univ. de Barcelona (Spain); Omelyanenko, N.; Ivanov, Y. [Ukrainian Inst. of Agricultural Radiology, Kiev (Ukraine)

    1999-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of mulch soil cover on crop contamination by {sup 137}Cs was studied within the 30 km zone of Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant. Experiments were performed with oats (Avena sativa) over a three year period. In 1992 soil surface was covered by a plastic net. In 1993 two straw mulch treatments were applied at a dose rate of 200 g m{sup {minus}2} using {sup 137}Cs contaminated and clean straw, respectively. A similar mulch treatment was applied in 1994, and two mulch doses of clean straw were tested. Protection of the soil with a plastic net significantly increased crop yield and reduced crop contamination. When clean straw was used as a mulch layer, a significant decrease of about 30--40% in {sup 137}Cs activity concentration was observed. Mulching with {sup 137}Cs contaminated straw did not reduce crop contamination, probably due to an increase in soil available {sup 137}Cs released from the contaminated mulch. Mulching has been shown to be an effective treatment both for reducing {sup 137}Cs plant contamination and improving crop yield. Therefore, it can be considered as a potential countermeasure in a post-accident situation.

  6. THE 300 km s[superscript –1] STELLAR STREAM NEAR SEGUE 1: INSIGHTS FROM HIGH-RESOLUTION SPECTROSCOPY OF ITS BRIGHTEST STAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lunnan, Ragnhild

    We present a chemical abundance analysis of 300S-1, the brightest likely member star of the 300 km s[superscript –1] stream near the faint satellite galaxy Segue 1. From a high-resolution Magellan/MIKE spectrum, we determine ...

  7. Practical quantum key distribution over 60 hours at an optical fiber distance of 20km using weak and vacuum decoy pulses for enhanced security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. F. Dynes; Z. L. Yuan; A. W. Sharpe; A. J. Shields

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Experimental one-way decoy pulse quantum key distribution running continuously for 60 hours is demonstrated over a fiber distance of 20km. We employ a decoy protocol which involves one weak decoy pulse and a vacuum pulse. The obtained secret key rate is on average over 10kbps. This is the highest rate reported using this decoy protocol over this fiber distance and duration.

  8. Configuration studies for a cubic-kilometre deep-sea neutrino telescope - KM3NeT - with NESSY, a fast and flexible approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Carr; D. Dornic; F. Jouvenot; G. Maurin; for the KM3NeT consortium

    2007-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Theoretical predictions for neutrino fluxes indicate that km$^{3}$ scale detectors are needed to detect certain astrophysical sources. The three Mediterranean experiments, ANTARES, NEMO and NESTOR are working together on a design study, KM3NeT, for a large deep-sea neutrino telescope. A detector placed in the Mediterranean Sea will survey a large part of the Galactic disc, including the Galactic Centre. It will complement the IceCube telescope currently under construction at the South Pole. Furthermore, the improved optical properties of sea water, compared to Antarctic ice, will allow a better angular resolution and hence better background rejection. The main work presented in this paper is to evaluate different km$^{3}$ scale detector geometries in order to optimize the muon neutrino sensitivity between 1 and 100 TeV. For this purpose, we have developed a detailed simulation based on the {\\it Mathematica} software - for the muon track production, the light transmission in water, the environmental background and the detector response. To compare different geometries, we have mainly used the effective neutrino area obtained after the full standard reconstruction chain.}

  9. 217 km long distance photon-counting optical time-domain reflectometry based on ultra-low noise up-conversion single photon detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo-Liang Shentu; Qi-Chao Sun; Xiao Jiang; Xiao-Dong Wang; Jason S. Pelc; M. M. Fejer; Qiang Zhang; Jian-Wei Pan

    2013-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate a photon-counting optical time-domain reflectometry with 42.19 dB dynamic range using an ultra-low noise up-conversion single photon detector. By employing the long wave pump technique and a volume Bragg grating, we reduce the noise of our up-conversion single photon detector, and achieve a noise equivalent power of -139.7 dBm/sqrt(Hz). We perform the OTDR experiments using a fiber of length 216.95 km, and show that our system can identify defects along the entire fiber length with a distance resolution better than 10 cm in a measurement time of 13 minutes.

  10. The `Skyline' Distance 46km

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    VOTEDINTOP10OF WORLDTRAILS2004 Croeso i Afan, lleoliad beicio mynydd heb ei ail. Mae gan y lle yma bopeth - o swooping singletrack threading through beautiful forest to exposed rocky doubletrack on wide open hills

  11. xu-km-99.PDF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,, ,Development1U CO1) 1 Winter FuelsYOURxinyufuUpdraft

  12. Temperature (oC)! Height(km)!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and forecasting ! ·Temperature decreases in altitude + water vapor > instabilities can develop ·Well mixed + O2 + M = O3 + M to proceed. It is M here that transfers the excess energy to the surrounding created and transported to high latitudes PSCs form in cold, dark, polar lower stratosphere PSCs process

  13. Brazil's Legal Amazon 5 million km2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Thomas D.

    effect on atmosphere · Effect cloud formation · Increase cloud cover: aerosols that do not absorb much sunlight · act as seeds for clouds · Decrease cloud cover: aerosols that absorb sunlight · create layer photometer · Direct solar radiation · Calculate columnar aerosol optical depth (AOD) · Level 2 data · AOT 500

  14. KM_C364e-20170629133124

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn12electron beamJoin2015Just Plain Cool,relocatesm

  15. KM_C654e-20150324133840

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn12electron beamJoin2015Just Plain Cool,relocatesm

  16. All-optical remote monitoring of propane gas using a 5-km-long, low-loss optical fiber link and an InGaP light-emitting diode in the 1. 68-. mu. m region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chan, K.; Ito, H.; Inaba, H.

    1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the fully optical remote detection of low-level propane (C/sub 3/H/sub 8/) gas realized by the scheme based on a long distance, very low-loss silica optical fiber link connected to a compact absorption cell in conjunction with a high radiant InGaP light-emitting diode at 1.68 ..mu..m. For this application, the near-infrared absorption spectrum of propane was measured and studied to find very complicated bands around 1.69, 1.53, and 1.38 ..mu..m. This simple system, employing a 5-km-long silica optical fiber link, was demonstrated to be capable of achieving reproducibly the detection sensitivity less than 2.4 Torr for propane gas in air, i.e., about 14% of the lower explosion limit of propane density. This result verifies a large capability for major applications to various strategic points within the environment, such as industrial complexes as well as urban and residential areas, with considerably increased reliability and safety over the existing techniques.

  17. DIRECT IMAGING OF QUASI-PERIODIC FAST PROPAGATING WAVES OF {approx}2000 km s{sup -1} IN THE LOW SOLAR CORONA BY THE SOLAR DYNAMICS OBSERVATORY ATMOSPHERIC IMAGING ASSEMBLY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu Wei; Title, Alan M.; Schrijver, Carolus J.; Aschwanden, Markus J.; De Pontieu, Bart; Tarbell, Theodore D. [Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, Building 252, 3251 Hanover Street, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States); Zhao Junwei [W. W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Ofman, Leon [Catholic University of America and NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 671, 8800 Greenbelt Road, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

    2011-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Quasi-periodic propagating fast mode magnetosonic waves in the solar corona were difficult to observe in the past due to relatively low instrument cadences. We report here evidence of such waves directly imaged in EUV by the new Atmospheric Imaging Assembly instrument on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory. In the 2010 August 1 C3.2 flare/coronal mass ejection event, we find arc-shaped wave trains of 1%-5% intensity variations (lifetime {approx}200 s) that emanate near the flare kernel and propagate outward up to {approx}400 Mm along a funnel of coronal loops. Sinusoidal fits to a typical wave train indicate a phase velocity of 2200 {+-} 130 km s{sup -1}. Similar waves propagating in opposite directions are observed in closed loops between two flare ribbons. In the k-{omega} diagram of the Fourier wave power, we find a bright ridge that represents the dispersion relation and can be well fitted with a straight line passing through the origin. This k-{omega} ridge shows a broad frequency distribution with power peaks at 5.5, 14.5, and 25.1 mHz. The strongest signal at 5.5 mHz (period 181 s) temporally coincides with quasi-periodic pulsations of the flare, suggesting a common origin. The instantaneous wave energy flux of (0.1-2.6) x 10{sup 7} erg cm{sup -2} s{sup -1} estimated at the coronal base is comparable to the steady-state heating requirement of active region loops.

  18. Power Challenges of Large Scale Research Infrastructures: the Square Kilometer Array and Solar Energy Integration; Towards a zero-carbon footprint next generation telescope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbosa, Domingos; Ruiz, Valeriano; Silva, Manuel; Verdes-Montenegro, Lourdes; Santander-Vela, Juande; Maia, Dalmiro; Antón, Sonia; van Ardenne, Arnold; Vetter, Matthias; Kramer, Michael; Keller, Reinhard; Pereira, Nuno; Silva, Vitor

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Square Kilometer Array (SKA) will be the largest Global science project of the next two decades. It will encompass a sensor network dedicated to radioastronomy, covering two continents. It will be constructed in remote areas of South Africa and Australia, spreading over 3000Km, in high solar irradiance latitudes. Solar Power supply is therefore an option to power supply the SKA and contribute to a zero carbon footprint next generation telescope. Here we outline the major characteristics of the SKA and some innovation approaches on thermal solar energy Integration with SKA prototypes.

  19. Daylight quantum key distribution over 1.6 km

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buttler, W T; Lamoreaux, S K; Morgan, G L; Nordholt, J E; Peterson, C G

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum key distribution (QKD) has been demonstrated over a point-to-point transmission distance brings QKD a step closer to surface-to-satellite and other long-distance applications.

  20. ELECTROMAGNETIC CONSTRUCTION OF A 1 KM-RADIUS RADIATION SHIELD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the light of recent studies on bootstrapped lunar solar-electric power plants, mass drivers, and autonomous-drivers, (g) teleoperation of lunar and orbital facilities, (h) orbital assembly of lunar-derived solar power presence beyond Earth is limited to a very few government employees and robots who are sent up, entirely

  1. The European Optical Module for Paris, KM-3 electronics meeting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiebusch, Christopher

    of subsequent hits (> 20ns) (Multiple muon detection) Low afterpulse rate EOM Philips XP-2600 (14") hybrid (+XP;CPUModem Comunication Power & DATA(optical) Q-T DC/DC DMQT Pulse LED XP2600 PhilipsPMT Remote

  2. Microsoft Word - China_10km_solar_documentation.doc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville, Ohio:Menomonee| OpenMickey HotVII, Cologne, Germany, 29 June - 5

  3. Microsoft Word - Ethiopia_10km_solar_country_report.doc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville, Ohio:Menomonee| OpenMickey HotVII, Cologne, Germany, 29 June -

  4. Microsoft Word - Ghana_10km_solar_country_report.doc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville, Ohio:Menomonee| OpenMickey HotVII, Cologne, Germany, 29 June -of

  5. Microsoft Word - Kenya_10km_solar_country_report.doc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville, Ohio:Menomonee| OpenMickey HotVII, Cologne, Germany, 29 June -ofKenya

  6. Microsoft Word - Nepal_10km_solar_country_report.doc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville, Ohio:Menomonee| OpenMickey HotVII, Cologne, Germany, 29 JuneNepal

  7. Status of aeromagnetic survey coverage of Yucca Mountain and vicinity to a radius of about 140 kilometers, southwestern Nevada and southeastern California, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sikora, R.F.; Ponce, D.A.; Oliver, H.W.

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Fifty aeromagnetic surveys in the southwestern part of Nevada and the southeastern part of California have been evaluated to assess the quality and coverage of aeromagnetic data within 140 kilometers (km) of a potential nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. The compilation shows that all the study area is covered by aeromagnetic surveys, but in some areas, particularly in the Death Valley region, new surveys flown with closer flight line spacing and lower elevations than the existing coverage are needed. In addition, the California part of the study area needs to be analytically continued downward to 305 meters (m) above ground level to provide a consistent data set for interpretation of subsurface geologic structures.

  8. 1 [2.7 km/s] 3 [2.4; 2.7;2.9 km/s] 8 along the strike 3 along the strike

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Fisiche - Universita' degli Studi "Federico II" - Napoli - Italy; Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e with Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia). One of the goals is to perform a sensitivity analysis

  9. High Energy Neutrino Astronomy: Towards Kilometer-Scale Detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Halzen

    2001-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Of all high-energy particles, only neutrinos can directly convey astronomical information from the edge of the universe---and from deep inside the most cataclysmic high-energy processes. Copiously produced in high-energy collisions, travelling at the velocity of light, and not deflected by magnetic fields, neutrinos meet the basic requirements for astronomy. Their unique advantage arises from a fundamental property: they are affected only by the weakest of nature's forces (but for gravity) and are therefore essentially unabsorbed as they travel cosmological distances between their origin and us. Many of the outstanding mysteries of astrophysics may be hidden from our sight at all wavelengths of the electromagnetic spectrum because of absorption by matter and radiation between us and the source. For example, the hot dense regions that form the central engines of stars and galaxies are opaque to photons. In other cases, such as supernova remnants, gamma ray bursters, and active galaxies, all of which may involve compact objects or black holes at their cores, the precise origin of the high-energy photons emerging from their surface regions is uncertain. Therefore, data obtained through a variety of observational windows---and especially through direct observations with neutrinos---may be of cardinal importance. In this talk, the scientific goals of high energy neutrino astronomy and the technical aspects of water and ice Cherenkov detectors are examined, and future experimental possibilities, including a kilometer-square deep ice neutrino telescope, are explored.

  10. CONTRIBUTED PAPERS RELATED TO SUMMARY TALKS. MOSSBAUER STUDY OF CUBIC IRON-DOPED KM~F,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    CONTRIBUTED PAPERS RELATED TO SUMMARY TALKS. MOSSBAUER STUDY OF CUBIC IRON-DOPED KMFeront ttC Btudiespar spectroscopie Mossbauer avec et sans champ magnetique. L'interaction quadrupolaire by the Mossbauer technique in the presence of a magnetic field. The quadrupole interaction induced by a 50 k

  11. Irregular structures observed below 71 km in the night-time polar D-region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . The payload contained two instru- ments. PIP (positive ion probe) measured positive ion current and CPP (cold plasma probes) measured electron current as well as electron temperature. The latter parameter archipelago. The ®rst instrumented rocket was launched on 20 November, 1997, at 1730 UT during geomagnetically

  12. Results1980 LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 1.87mi-3.01km SEPT 12, 1980

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M 3 EED Solar 4 10:04.6 Steve Shaffer M 4 MMRD 5 10:10 Greg Hirsch M 5 MMRD 6 10:30 Mark Levinson M 3 12:27 No name on stick 4 4 12:28 Phil Nelson M 4 1 ESD 4 5 12:30 Charles K Birdsall M 4 2 EECS

  13. Telecom Implementation In The first long range link testing (34 KM) was done in 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lien, Jyh-Ming

    and days from the nearest highway · 1 I #12;Putting Alvarion radio at Kobang School #12;#12;#12;· S.N at Mohare Relay Station #12;Installing Antennas #12;Tower at Mohare #12;Web Site Nepal Wireless #12;Solar Paners at Mohare Relay Station #12;Power Generation and Backup Systems Used in the Relay Stations · S.N

  14. Chemistry Publications 2008 Shrivastava, RK; Maudru, E; Singh, G; Wightman, RH; Morgan, KM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenaway, Alan

    - elastic neutron scattering JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B, 2008, 112, 10873-10878 11 Dickson, SJ for simultaneous electrical resistance and neutron diffraction measurements REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS, 2008

  15. Precise half-life measurement of the superallowed beta(+) emitter (38)K(m)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ball, G. C.; Boisvert, G.; Bricault, P.; Churchman, R.; Dombsky, M.; Lindner, T.; Macdonald, J. A.; Vandervoort, E.; Bishop, S.; D'Auria, J. M.; Hardy, John C.; Iacob, V. E.; Leslie, J. R.; Mak, H. -B.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . J. Schrewe, and K. S. Sharma, Nucl. Phys. A 405, 29 (1983). [5] A. P. Baerg, Metrologia 1, 131 (1965). [6] J. A. Cameron and B. Singh, Nucl. Data Sheets 109, 1 (2008). [7] G. T. A. Squier, W. E. Burcham, J. M. Freeman, R. J. Petty, S. D. Hoath...

  16. Results1981 LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 1.87 mi= 3.01 km Sept 24, 1981

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    8 UCB Campus 5 1 12:22 David Burke M 4 9 BMD 5 2 12:23 Ruben Zelwer M 5 0 ESD 5 3 12:25.3 Karl Saari

  17. New Agroforestry Site: Kotumachigi village About 20 Km from the town of Gadag

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubloff, Gary W.

    ,000 · Number of Houses 1400 · Population below poverty line ~25% · Drinking water: Only one well with two, onion and cotton · Red and black soil #12;Drudgery for water and fuel is a burden for women and children

  18. Solar: monthly latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution for...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented due south...

  19. -90 -60 -30 0 30 60 90 120 Lenght along the trajectory (km)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veres, Peter

    , especially when the precise all-sky reduction methods are used. Mobility The system is portable (weight of 6 and illumination of the sky. The network TheAMOS cameras systematically monitor meteor activity in the Slovak camera records about 10 000 meteors per year as well as about 50 transient luminous events (sprites

  20. Memo: Estimates of hydrology in small (<80 km2 urbanized watersheds under dry weather and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Johnson, 2004; Hetzel, 2007). The Bay Area Storm Water Management Agencies (BASMAA) that hold National management practices (BMPs) to achieve load reduction and demonstrate at the end of 20 years (2025 Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits have been asked to increase effort and implement best

  1. Fiber-Level Modeling of Dynamic Strength KM2 Ballistic Fabric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grujicic, Mica

    .g., as reinforcements in rigid polymer matrix composites (PMCs) for lightweight vehicle- armor systems). Flexible agile, and more mobile so that they can be quickly transported to operations conducted throughout-amide) fabric and an E-glass fiber/ethyl cellulose composite in body-armor systems can be linked to the Korean

  2. NOAA Technical Report NESDIS 143 NOAA Coral Reef Watch 50 km Satellite Sea Surface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and solar-terrestrial sciences. From these sources, it develops and disseminates environmental data, energy development and distribution, global food supplies, and the development of natural resources. Mark Eakin1 William Skirving2,3 Tyler R. L. Christensen1,2 Alan E. Strong1,2 Jianke Li1,2 1 NOAA Coral

  3. Results1983 LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.865 mi) Sept. 23, 1983

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NAME GROUP PLACE PLACE TIME NAME GROUP PLACE 1 9:21.9 Fletcher Miller Tom Trippe 40 40-49 1 8 2 4 11:45.8 Stephen Derenzo 40-49 3 9 1 13:28.7 Dave Fortney 30-39 2 1 2 5 11:47.2 Harry:45.7 Tom Morgan 30-39 2 5 3 9 12:04.7 W. Nazaroff

  4. Why Lean ?y ( QC TQC 5-7 KPI Competency HA-SHA KM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laksanacharoen, Sathaporn

    ­ Jidoka) 4. (Kaizen ­ Continuous Improvement) etc. #12;Why lean Thinking in Healthcare ? 1. 80 : 80

  5. Cathodoluminescence petrography and isotope geochemistry of KT impact ejecta deposited 360 km from the Chicxulub crater,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claeys, Philippe

    Administration, Headquarters, Code SD, Washington, DC 20546, USA ­Instituto Mexicano del Petro´leo, Eje Lazaro

  6. Cytosolic High Km 5 -Nucleotidase and 5 (3 )-Deoxyribonucleotidase in Substrate Cycles Involved in Nucleotide Metabolism*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bianchi, Vera

    in Nucleotide Metabolism* Received for publication, August 21, 2000, and in revised form, November 14, 2000 that the hkm-NT is not involved in the regulation of deoxyribo- nucleotide pools but affects IMP and GTP pools. dNT-1, instead, appears to be the catabolic arm of substrate cycles regulating pyrimidine nucleotide

  7. 1000 2000 3000 4000 x [km] -150 -100 -50 0 50 100 150

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Experiments with Magnetoacoustic Waves in the Solar Atmosphere C. Nutto1, O. Steiner1, W. Schaffenberger2, M in the photosphere. We have 123 cells in the horizontal direction and 93 cells in the vertical direction is identical for each panel, it can be clearly seen that the transmission coefficient declines with increasing

  8. Solving the Solar Neutrino Problem 2 km Underground -- the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. W. P. Poon; for the SNO Collaboration

    2003-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) is capable of measuring simultaneously the flux of electron-type neutrinos and the total flux of all active flavours of neutrinos originating from the Sun. A model-independent test of neutrino flavour transformation was performed by comparing these two measurements. Assuming an undistorted neutrino energy spectrum, this transformation has been definitively demonstrated in the pure D2O phase of the SNO experiment. In the second phase with dissolved NaCl in the D2O, the total active solar neutrino flux was measured without any assumption on the energy dependence of flavour transformation. In this talk, results from these measurements, their physics implications and the current status of the SNO experiment are presented.

  9. Wind: wind power density maps at 50m above ground and 1km resolution...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    density for Ghana. (Purpose):HTMLREMOVEDHTMLREMOVEDTo provide information on the wind resource potential in Ghana. Data and Resources Download MapsZIP Download Maps More...

  10. Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    IMAGEGRID command. (Purpose):HTMLREMOVEDHTMLREMOVEDTo provide information on the wind resource potential in Cuba. Values range from 0 to 547. (Supplemental Information):...

  11. Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    file, 50 m wind power density for eastern China. (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential in eastern China. Values range from 0 to 3079 Wm2. (Supplemental...

  12. Wind: wind power density maps at 50 m above ground and 1km resolution...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    density for Cuba. (Purpose):HTMLREMOVEDHTMLREMOVEDTo provide information on the wind resource potential in Cuba. Data and Resources Download MapsZIP Download Maps More...

  13. Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    for Central America (Purpose):HTMLREMOVEDHTMLREMOVEDTo provide information on the wind resource potential within the following countries in Central America: Belize, El...

  14. Wind: wind power density maps at 50m above ground and 1km resolution...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Central America. (Purpose):HTMLREMOVEDHTMLREMOVEDTo provide information on the wind resource potential within the following countries in Central America: Belize, El...

  15. Wind: wind power density maps at 50 m above ground and 1km resolution...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    PDF maps of Eastern China wind mapping. (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential in eastern China. Includes maps of full mapping region, and 15...

  16. File:NREL-afg-10km-dir.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump to: navigation,SizeEthiopiametstak.pdfMFSA06-2012 (1).pdfBioMap.pdf

  17. File:NREL-afg-10km-glo.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump to: navigation,SizeEthiopiametstak.pdfMFSA06-2012

  18. File:NREL-afg-10km-tilt.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump to: navigation,SizeEthiopiametstak.pdfMFSA06-2012Afghanistan - Annual

  19. Single-Column Modeling D. A. Randall and K.-M. Xu Colorado State University

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9Morgan McCorkleSingin' in the RainC.J. SomervilleD. A.

  20. Microsoft Word - 802.11i Rec Practices _KM-BL final edit ver 10_.doc

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy ChinaofSchaeferApril 1,(EAC) Richard2015MountainLLCFebruary 2014 FORNewsINLSecuring WLANs

  1. Microsoft Word - Sri_Lanka_10km_solar_country_report.doc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville, Ohio:Menomonee| OpenMickey HotVII, Cologne, Germany, 29 JuneNepalLanka

  2. I?raak Nuke, NXOO Leaa Km&l, NY00

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling CorpNewCF INDUSTRIES,L? .-I I ,Is II:c* -W. ti.

  3. Comparison And Discussion Of The 6 Km Temperature Maps Of The Western Us

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model, clickInformationNew York:GovernorCommons Capital* NREL/SR-550-28329

  4. Modeling temporal variations of electrical resistivity associated with pore pressure change in a kilometer-scale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    (hautot@univ-brest.fr) [1] From 1995 to 1998 the natural electric field was monitored with an array of 20 role of fluids in the distortion of the induced electric fields. Electromagnetic methods could provide in a kilometer-scale natural system Sophie Hautot School of Geosciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK

  5. Johnson(-like)-Noise-Kirchhoff-Loop Based Secure Classical Communicator Characteristics, for Ranges of Two to Two Thousand Kilometers, via Model-Line

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert Mingesz; Zoltan Gingl; Laszlo B. Kish

    2012-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A pair of Kirchhoff-Loop-Johnson(-like)-Noise communicators, which is able to work over variable ranges, was designed and built. Tests have been carried out on a model-line performance characteristics were obtained for ranges beyond the ranges of any known direct quantum communication channel and they indicate unrivalled signal fidelity and security performance of the exchanged raw key bits. This simple device has single-wire secure key generation and sharing rates of 0.1, 1, 10, and 100 bit/second for corresponding copper wire diameters/ranges of 21 mm / 2000 km, 7 mm / 200 km, 2.3 mm / 20 km, and 0.7 mm / 2 km, respectively and it performs with 0.02% raw-bit error rate (99.98 % fidelity). The raw-bit security of this practical system significantly outperforms raw-bit quantum security. Current injection breaking tests show zero bit eavesdropping ability without triggering the alarm signal, therefore no multiple measurements are needed to build an error statistics to detect the eavesdropping as in quantum communication. Wire resistance based breaking tests of Bergou-Scheuer-Yariv type give an upper limit of eavesdropped raw bit ratio of 0.19 % and this limit is inversely proportional to the sixth power of cable diameter. Hao's breaking method yields zero (below measurement resolution) eavesdropping information.

  6. Square Kilometer Array Telescope - Precision Reference Frequency Synchronisation via 1f-2f Dissemination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, B; Gao, C; Bai, Y; Dong, J W; Wang, L J

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Square Kilometer Array (SKA) is an international effort to build the world's largest radio telescope, with one square kilometer collecting area. Besides its ambitious scientific objectives, such as probing the cosmic dawn and cradle of life, SKA also demands several revolutionary technological breakthroughs, with ultra-high precision synchronisation of the frequency references for thousands of antennas being one of them. In this report, aimed at applications to SKA, we demonstrate a frequency reference synchronization and dissemination scheme with the phase noise compensation function placed at the client site. Hence, one central hub can be linked to a large number of client sites, forming a star-shaped topology. As a performance test, the 100 MHz reference signal from a Hydrogen maser clock is disseminated and recovered at two remote sites. Phase noise characteristics of the recovered reference frequency signal coincides with that of the hydrogen-maser source and satisfies SKA requirement.

  7. Observations from 1 km beneath to 25 km above the sea surface reveal the complex interactions in Indian Ocean westerly wind bursts associated with the MaddenJulian oscillation.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Richard H.

    velocity profile measurements using W-band Doppler radar and high-resolution Doppler lidar; · continuousC-bandDopplerradarscansmeasuring radial velocity and radar reflectivity; · particle size distributions and chemical composi- tion of aeros by a sustained period of warming moderated by the cooling effect of ocean turbulence. Our pur- pose here

  8. The Savannah River Site is a 803 km2 (310 square mile) industrial complex operated by the Department of Energy.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Georgia, University of

    clearing and frequent burning for agriculture were extensive. European settlement subjected streams to cattle grazing followed by timber harvest, and intensive agriculture. Effects of the latter are evidenced was a monumental task. Networks of roads and railroads, power plants, five nuclear reactors as well as production

  9. LBNL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) October 21, 2011 TOP GROUP STANDINGS FOR 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    13:29.1 Carlo Benedetti 30-39 men 19 57 13:31.2 Jim K Chiu 50-59 men 3 58 13:34.1 Andrew McNeil 30:42.4 Matthias W Reinsch 40-49 men 10 62 13:44.9 Andrew Canning 40-49 men 11 63 13:46.2 Nathan Patrick Craig men 20 64 13:53.1 Norman L Zhu 30-39 men 22 65 13:54.8 Vamsi K Vytla

  10. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 0.2 0.4 Velocity (km/s) Poisson's Ratio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crone, Timothy J.

    with observations. This inconsistency will be corrected in future models, but does not affect the basic conclusions

  11. Void bounds for fluid transport in sea ice K.M. Golden a,*, A.L. Heaton a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golden, Kenneth M.

    ice is a porous composite of pure ice with brine, air and salt inclusions whose microstructure varies and biological processes. Yet little is known, for example, about bulk flow of brine or diffusive transport dynamics in sea ice: estimating the effective fluid permeability tensor k(/) and its dependence on brine

  12. LBNL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) October 10, 2008 TOP GROUP STANDINGS FOR 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angelis 9:56.6 Dilworth Y Parkinson 2 14:47.2 Katie Antypas 10:24.3 Gregory L Hura 3 15:28.8 Cindy H Wu 11-39 men 1 2 10:23.6 Ying Wu L Hura 30-39 men 2 4 10:31.2 Ryan C Ogliore:43.5 Emanuele Pedersoli L Fischer 40-49 men 10 53 13:46.2 Scott D Gradia not circled

  13. The operation involved two B3 helicopters using under slung buckets flying the 20 km from a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammerton, James

    on the island 24hrs and 7days after the final drop. Laboratory testing found no residue and the rahui was lifted a public seminar was also given to the Faroese Biologist and Ornithologist Societies, and a television

  14. Mean vertical wind in the mesosphere-lower thermosphere region (80120 km) deduced from the WINDII observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    thermosphere. It is a remote-sensing instrument providing the hori- zontal wind components. In this study at the equator and tropics. Zonal Coriolis acceleration and adiabatic heating and cooling rate associated subsidence heating and adiabatic cool- ing. Thus the knowledge of meridional and vertical winds provides

  15. [Km 100 to 1000 mM (17)] and to S. cerevisiae hexose transporters' apparent affinity for glucose

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Severson, David

    to biofuel-producing strains of yeast (Fig. 3) over- comes a major bottleneck to fermentation of lignocellulosic feedstocks and probably will help to make cellulosic biofuels economically viable. References, Biocatalysis Biotransform. 27, 27 (2009). 17. M. Chauve et al., Biotechnol. Biofuels 3, 3 (2010). 18. K. A

  16. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 0.2 0.4 Velocity (km/s) Poisson's Ratio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crone, Timothy J.

    ' (10), and Darcy's equation (11). Several studies of submarine hydrothermal systems have shown Medium Inflowing Fluid at Elevated Temperatures Seafloor Figure 9. Steady state temperature and Darcy.42, porosity of 0.25, and a permeability of 10-14 m2 . Figure 10. Darcy velocities of the fluid exiting

  17. KM Central, ICASIT List of Ph.D. Dissertations & Theses, ProQuest Direct -in Knowledge Management from 1991 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lien, Jyh-Ming

    -technical investigation of the determinants of knowledge management systems usage Al-Busaidi, Kamla Ali Ph-level instructional renewal Edge, Karen Ph.D. University of Toronto (Canada) 197 NR02925 12 Knowledge management

  18. LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) September 14, 1990 Place Time Name Group Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­49 2 34 12:09.6 Leo Greiner Stephen Christie 30­39 9 36 12:11.7 Jean-Michel Nataf Stephen Derenzo 40­49 6 70 13:27.7 William Jagust 30­39 32 115 14:30.1 Tom Taylor 40­49 15 116 14:31.8 Jason Ross

  19. LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 2.95 km (1.84 mi) September 16, 1988 Envelope Time Name Group Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    22 36 12:13.1 Tom Swain 38 70 12:58.6 Mike Kollrack Stephen Derenzo 40-49 7 72 13:07.2 James C. Bartholomew:32.7 Craig Jacobson Tom

  20. LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) September 22, 1995 Dummy first body page

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 5 10:40.0 Greg Klunder 30-39 4 6 10:40.8 Stephen Lockett 30-39 5 7 10:41.7 Greg Klein 30-39 6 8 10 Huesman Tom West 40-49 3 57 12:48.7 Mohan Kalyanaraman :34.3 Stephen Leland

  1. LBL RUNAROUND 3.00 km (1.865 mi) September 19, 1986 page 1 Place Time Name Group Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    :28.8 Daniel Strongin Tom Rucker 12:09.4 Orin Dahl 50-59 1 35 12:10.5 Tom Swain Yaeger 40-49 3 41 12:38.4 Stephen Derenzo 40-49 4 42 12:38.7 Laisheng Wang

  2. LBNL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) October 8, 2010 TOP GROUP STANDINGS FOR 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -49 men 12 58 13:23.1 Nicholas S Norberg 30-39 men 15 59 13:25.4 Sergi Molins Rafa 30-39 men 16 60 13

  3. Iceberg size and orientation estimation using SeaWinds K.M. Stuart, D.G. Long

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, David G.

    processes. For instance, iceberg positions affect shipping lanes, outline ocean currents, and influence but are unable to penetrate cloud cover and are dependent on solar illumination. Despite the high Ocean has also been documented. Even though SeaWinds was never designed to track icebergs, an extensive

  4. Mesoscale Systems: weather associated with circulation systems of horizontal scales of 5 to 1,000 km

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weber, Rodney

    Mesoscale Systems: weather associated with circulation systems of horizontal scales of 5 to 1 faster at night #12;Dispersion in Mesoscale Systems Mesoscale systems can have large effects on pollution

  5. A Proposal for a Detector 2 km Away From the T2K Neutrino May 30, 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    energies. High energy muons which exit the water Cherenkov detector will be measured by an iron muon ranger Institute of Experimental Physics, Warsaw University, Warszawa (Poland): D. Kielczewska1 H.Niewodnicza´nski Institute of Nuclear Physics, Krak´ow (Poland): A. Szelc, A. Zalewska Institute for Nuclear Research RAS

  6. LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) September 24, 1993 Place Time Name GroupGroup

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    :49 Charles Taberski 40-49 1 16 11:54 Arild Larsen :10 Keith Lewis 30-39 17 53 13:10 Carlos Solis, Jr.

  7. LBNL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) October 9, 2009 TOP GROUP STANDINGS FOR 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    :55.5 Dilworth Y Parkinson 30-39 men 1 6 10:59.9 Justin Paul Ishida -39 women 1 65 13:57.5 Kang Wei Chou

  8. LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) October 10, 1997 Place Time Name Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    9:45.0 Etien, Robert Paul 30-39 1 3 10:04.8 Farias, Leonel 30-39 2 4:06.6 Volfbeyn, Paul , Jens 30-39 28 63 13:18.8 Lewis, Keith 40-49 5 64 13:19.1 Chou, Peter

  9. Multiphase Flow Metering: An Overview Manoj Kumar KM, Senior Scientist, Non-destructive Evaluation Lab, GE Global Research,

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighandSWPA / SPRA /Ml'.SolarUS DeptMultilateralMultimediaScienceMultiphase

  10. 0 20 40 60 80 100 Miles 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 Kilometers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pasternack, Gregory B.

    20 40 60 80 100 Miles 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 Kilometers UC Davis Water Management Research Group Aplication Efficiency: Dry Beans 2001 Developed as a cooperative project between University of California, Davis United States Geological Survey and California Department of Water Resources Map prepared

  11. Three-dimensional geologic structures from inversion of gravity anomalies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hinson, Charles Alvin

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Parameters used were: Zo=7 km, R=l gm/cm , fr=0. 09 km-', fz=0. 125 km iterations=6 and final rms difference was 7. 6 10-4 km. . 42 12 Inversion Model 1. Parameters used were p = 0. 1 gm/cms, zo = 5. 4 km, f& = 0. 045 and fz = 0. 095. Contours... are in kilometers relative to sea level 56 13 Inversion Model 2. Parameters used were p = 0. 1 gm/cm zo = 5. 4 km, fq = 0. 001 and fz = 0. 002. Contours are in kilometers relative to sea level 58 14 Gravity difference between the anomaly produced by Inversion...

  12. I.-S. Kang K. Jin B. Wang K.-M. Lau J. Shukla V. Krishnamurthy S.D. Schubert D.E. Wailser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kang, In-Sik

    to the climatological intraseasonal oscillation (CISO). In contrast to the model composite, several models fail- ond. The CISO of precipitation is also examined over the Indian monsoon and the East Asia

  13. Web Note A for "Polymorphic karyotypic suppression of a somatic recombinational pathway for loss of heterozygosity", K.M. Haigis & W.F. Dove Page 1 of 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dove, William

    -210.71 5 8 3 1 2 2 3 1 1 0 1 -212.46 4 4 7 1 2 3 4 1 0 0 0 -210.76 5 9 4 1 2 3 4 1 1 1 1 -212.55 5 40

  14. the Earth's) at a distance of 100 km that lasts for 100 s after an . For Vredefort, these are minimum values because the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lunds Universitet,

    : Vredefort, South Africa. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 137, 232­245 (1999). 8. Hart, R. J., Hargraves, R. B

  15. Dombroski, M.J. and K.M. Carley, October, 2002, "NETEST: Estimating a Terrorist Network's Structure," Computational & Mathematical Organization Theory, 8, pp. 235-241.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadeh, Norman M.

    ," Computational & Mathematical Organization Theory, 8, pp. 235 & Mathematical Organization Theory, 8, pp. 235 and asymmetric form of warfare against elusive terrorist organizations. Defense and investigative organizations

  16. Upper mantle seismic velocity variations beneath northern Tanza-nia coupled with the structure of the 410 and 660 km discontinuities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ritsema, Jeroen

    of the litho- sphere or by a broad thermal upwelling extending from the lower mantle into the upper mantle: plume, rift, eastAfrica, craton. INTRODUCTION Although eastAfrica has long been regarded as a classic. 1). In the first study, relative traveltimes from P and S waves were inverted for upper mantle

  17. Development and evolution of detachment faulting along 50 km of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge near 16.5ºN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Deborah K.; Schouten, Hans; Dick, Henry; Cann, Joe; Salters, Vincent; Marschall, Horst R.; Ji, Fuwu; Yoerger, Dana; Sanfilippo, Alessio; Parnell-Turner, Ross; Palmiotto, Camilla; Zheleznov, Alexei; Bai, Hailong; Junkin, Will; Urann, Ben; Dick, Spencer; Sulanowska, Margaret; Lemmond, Peter; Curry, Scott

    2014-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    (CTD) profiler; 5) Seapoint optical backscatter 145 sensor; 6) Oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) sensor; 7) An electrochemical (Eh) sensor 146 supplied by K. Nakamura; 8) Digital still camera with 1 megapixel resolution; and 9) Dual 3-147 Axis...

  18. LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) September 16, 1994 Place Time Name GroupGroup Place Time Name GroupGroup

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blodgett 30-39 4 63 12:59.0 Tom McVeigh 40-49 5 6 10:33.9 Doug Crawford 30-39 5 64 13:00.8 Robert Meierhans:13.3 John Byrd 30-39 30 9 10:52.9 Steve Lindaas Stephen:45.1 Tom Swain 30-39 35 27 11:46.7 Bob Ajemian 30-39 15 85 13:45.9 Mark Turner 30-39 36 28 11:50.9 Bernhard

  19. The Project Shoal Area (PSA), located about 50 km southeast of Fallon, Nevada, was the site for a 12-kiloton-ton nuclear test

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA groupTuba City, Arizona, DisposalFourthN V O'1 ~(3JlpV&--I33NY&~ '

  20. The Square Kilometer Array Interferometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert Braun

    1995-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The scientific motivation is reviewed for a next generation radio observatory operating at frequencies between about 200 MHz and 2 GHz with about 2 orders of magnitude greater sensitivity than that which is currently available, together with sub-arcsecond angular resolution. Instrumental concepts for the telescope are discussed, highlighting the role of mass produced receiver elements and digital electronics in increasing cost-effectiveness while actively reducing the instrument's sensitivity to radio frequency interference.

  1. DATA TRANSMISSION OPTIONS FOR VMT DATA AND FEE COLLECTION CENTERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    , VMT fee, data processing, fuel tax alternatives, fee collection center, customer service center 18.59 kilometers squared km2 VOLUME VOLUME mL milliliters 0.034 fluid ounces fl oz fl oz fluid ounces 29

  2. Southern California Edison's Evaluation of California Energy Commission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .1 Publicly Available Publications and Data 5.2 Personal Communication 6.0 GLOSSARY APPENDIX, approximately 80 kilometers (km) northwest of the City of San Diego and 97 km southeast of Los Angeles Base (Base) near the northwest end of the Base's shoreline. Figure 11 also shows

  3. Greenhouse Gas Laser Imaging Tomography Experiment (GreenLITE): Evaluation of a new method to look at high resolution spatial/temporal distributions of carbon over key sub km sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dobler, Jeremy; Zaccheo, T. Scott; Blume, Nathan; Braun, Michael; Perninit, Timothy; McGregor, Doug; Botos, Chris; Dobeck, Laura

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently a new laser based approach for measuring area with potential for producing 2D estimates of the concentration spatial distribution has been developed through a cooperative agreement with the National Energy and Technology Laboratory of the Department of Energy, Exelis Inc. and AER Inc. The new approach is based on a pair of continuous wave intensity modulated laser absorption spectrometer transceivers, combined with a series of retro reflectors located around the perimeter of the area being monitored. The main goal of this cooperative agreement is monitoring, reporting and verification for ground carbon capture and storage projects. The system was recently tested at the Zero Emission Research and Technology site in Bozeman, MT, with underground leak rates ranging from 0.1 – 0.3 metric ton per day (T/d), as well as a 0.8 T/d surface release. Over 200 hours of data were collected over a rectangular grid 180m x 200m between August 18th and September 9th. In addition, multiple days of in situ data were acquired for the same site, using a Licor gas analyzer systems. Initial comparisons between the laser-based system and the in situ agree very well. The system is designed to operate remotely and transmit the data via a 3G/4G connection along with weather data for the site. An all web-based system ingests the data, populates a database, performs the inversion to ppm CO2 using the Line-by-Line Radiative Transfer Model (LBLRTM), and displays plots and statistics for the retrieved data. We will present an overview of the GreenLITE measurement system, outline the retrieval and reconstruction approach, and discuss results from extensive field testing.

  4. Smoke consisting of mixtures of dust and industrial pollution covering the Forbidden City, Beijing, China. BY K.-M. LAU, V. RAMANATHAN, G.-X. WU, Z. LI, S. C. TSAY, C. HSU, R. SIKKA, B. HOLBEN, D. LU,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Zhanqing

    ) regions have found that anthropogenic aerosols may signifi- cantly change the energy balance government agencies from China, India, Italy, Japan, and the United States. At the workshop, par- ticipants of related national research programs in China, India, Japan, Italy, and the United States

  5. ... als erstes bilden wir eine 68,6 km lange Menschenkette! Wenn wir uns an den Hnden fassen, knnen wir die Standorte der TUM in Mnchen, Garching und Weihenstephan verbin-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heiz, Ulrich

    , können wir die Standorte der TUM in München, Garching und Weihenstephan verbin- den ­ und schaffen es in Munich, Garching and Weihenstephan ­ and even reach as far as the airport. From there, we could jump

  6. PRECISION MEASUREMENT OF SINGLET CAPTURE IN HYDROGEN V.A. Andreev , T. Banks , L. Bonnet , R.M. Carey , T.A. Case , D. Chitwood , S.M. Clayton , K.M. Crowe , P.T. Debevec ,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammel, Peter

    magnet which is a specially designed coil wound closely around the Alu vessel containing the TPC well-known of the nucleon charged current form factors, the induced pseudo- scalar "$# , to 7%. Mu detector (Aluminium pressure vessel housing the TPC) with magnetic field coil is retracted for preparing

  7. In the 1st experiment, gilts (LWX LR) belonging to a farm located 15 km away were exposed to the boar immediately after their arrival in the experimental farm. In the second

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    was probably due to an insufficient stimulation of adrenal glands and pituitary as shown by lower plasma levels of cortisol, LH and prolactin. The dexamethasone treatment retarded by about 70 hours the onset of first* Institut Technique du Yorc, 149, rue de Bercy, 75595 Paris Cedex 12 Sperm production of boars subjected

  8. Powder River 0 20 40 KILOMETERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .S. coal basins. The Powder River Basin (PRB) in northeastern Wyoming and southeastern Montana (fig. 1 tons (MST), some 42 percent of the total coal pro- duction in the United States, making the PRB the single most important coal-producing basin in the Nation. About 426 MST (92 percent of total PRB coal

  9. COLOMBIA GUYANA VENEZUELA FR.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    PERU CHILE ARGENTINA PARAGUAY BOLIVIA COLOMBIA GUYANA SURINAME URUGUAY VENEZUELA FR. GUIANA POPULATION DENSITY, 2000 Population density measures the number of persons per square kilometer of land area the population grids and thus may appear coarse. Lambert Azimuthal Equal Area Projection ´ 0 500 1,000 km

  10. Transmitter-induced modulation of subionospheric VLF signals: Ionospheric heating rather than electron precipitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    path lies thousands of kilometers from the heating VLF transmitter. The 21.4 kHz transmitter NPM that the observed perturbations, despite occurring on a probe signal pathway that is 1750 km away from NPM at its point of closest approach, are due to direct ionospheric heating by the keyed VLF transmitter NPM

  11. Association of the threespot damelsfish (Stegastes planifrons) in ridge mortality of Diploria strigosa in the flower garden banks of the National Marine Sanctuary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Proppe, Darren Sean

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    of ridge mortality, however, they do establish a relationship between S. planifrons and ridge mortality. Introduction: The East and West Hower Gardens banks, located in the Northwest Gulf of Mexico, about 180 km south southeast of Galveston, Texas... of the two banks are 19 km apart The banks occupy an area of over 300 acres and are sepamted from the neatest coral reefs off Tampico, Mexico, by more than 500 kilometers (Bright, Gittings, Rezak 90). Due to this isolauon, the Hower Gardens are rehtively...

  12. 1000 2000 3000 4000 .5 0 1 KILOMETER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kidd, William S. F.

    Rocks, Including Interbedded Limestone, Ordovician Black Shale/Slate Green Shale/Slate Bedded Limestone Quartz Arenite or Quartz Rich Wacke Brown/Tan/Olive DrabShale/Slate, Mudstone, and Sandstone Red Shale/Slate

  13. Topology of neutral hydrogen distribution with the Square Kilometer Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yougang; Wu, Fengquan; Chen, Xuelei; Wang, Xin; Kim, Juhan; Park, Changbom; Lee, Khee-Gan; Cen, Renyue

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Morphology of the complex HI gas distribution can be quantified by statistics like the Minkowski functionals, and can provide a way to statistically study the large scale structure in the HI maps both at low redshifts, and during the epoch of reionization (EoR). At low redshifts, the 21cm emission traces the underlying matter distribution. Topology of the HI gas distribution, as measured by the genus, could be used as a "standard ruler". This enables the determination of distance-redshift relation and also the discrimination of various models of dark energy and of modified gravity. The topological analysis is also sensitive to certain primordial non-Gaussian features. Compared with two-point statistics, the topological statistics are more robust against the nonlinear gravitational evolution, bias, and redshift-space distortion. The HI intensity map observation naturally avoids the sparse sampling distortion, which is an important systematic in optical galaxy survey. The large cosmic volume accessible to SKA w...

  14. Application for Permit to Operate a Class III Solid Waste Disposal Site at the Nevada Test Site Area 5 Asbestiform Low-Level Solid Waste Disposal Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NSTec Environmental Management

    2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The NTS is located approximately 105 kilometers (km) (65 miles [mi]) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada (Figure 1). The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is the federal lands management authority for the NTS, and NSTec is the Management and Operations contractor. Access on and off the NTS is tightly controlled, restricted, and guarded on a 24-hour basis. The NTS has signs posted along its entire perimeter.

  15. 2003 Geological Society of America. For permission to copy, contact Copyright Permissions, GSA, or editing@geosociety.org. Geology; November 2003; v. 31; no. 11; p. 969972; 3 figures. 969

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huerta, Audrey D.

    abruptly across the margin over a distance of 50 km, from 35 km beneath the Black Warrior foreland basin

  16. NOAA Air Resources Laboratory Quarterly Activity Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    's petrochemical facilities 1 km to 8 km distant. Such episodes produced sharp increases in all three species

  17. Modellierung Mariner kosysteme am Beispiel der Ostsee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rostock, Universität

    (60km³/Jahr) Flusswassereintrag 480 km³/Jahr Mittlere Tiefe = 52 m Dars.-Schwelle=18 m Volumen= 21000

  18. HIGH SPATIAL RESOLUTION OBSERVATIONS OF LOOPS IN THE SOLAR CORONA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brooks, David H.; Ugarte-Urra, Ignacio [College of Science, George Mason University, 4400 University Drive, Fairfax, VA 22030 (United States); Warren, Harry P. [Space Science Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Winebarger, Amy R. [NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, ZP 13, Huntsville, AL 35812 (United States)

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding how the solar corona is structured is of fundamental importance to determine how the Sun's upper atmosphere is heated to high temperatures. Recent spectroscopic studies have suggested that an instrument with a spatial resolution of 200 km or better is necessary to resolve coronal loops. The High Resolution Coronal Imager (Hi-C) achieved this performance on a rocket flight in 2012 July. We use Hi-C data to measure the Gaussian widths of 91 loops observed in the solar corona and find a distribution that peaks at about 270 km. We also use Atmospheric Imaging Assembly data for a subset of these loops and find temperature distributions that are generally very narrow. These observations provide further evidence that loops in the solar corona are often structured at a scale of several hundred kilometers, well above the spatial scale of many proposed physical mechanisms.

  19. THE WAVE PROPERTIES OF CORONAL BRIGHT FRONTS OBSERVED USING SDO/AIA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Long, David M.; DeLuca, Edward E. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Gallagher, Peter T., E-mail: longda@tcd.ie [Astrophysics Research Group, School of Physics, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2 (Ireland)

    2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Coronal bright fronts (CBFs) are large-scale wavefronts that propagate through the solar corona at hundreds of kilometers per second. While their kinematics have been studied in detail, many questions remain regarding the temporal evolution of their amplitude and pulse width. Here, contemporaneous high cadence, multi-thermal observations of the solar corona from the Solar Dynamic Observatory (SDO) and Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO) spacecraft are used to determine the kinematics and expansion rate of a CBF wavefront observed on 2010 August 14. The CBF was found to have a lower initial velocity with weaker deceleration in STEREO observations compared to SDO observations ({approx}340 km s{sup -1} and -72 m s{sup -2} as opposed to {approx}410 km s{sup -1} and -279 m s{sup -2}). The CBF kinematics from SDO were found to be highly passband-dependent, with an initial velocity ranging from 379 {+-} 12 km s{sup -1} to 460 {+-} 28 km s{sup -1} and acceleration ranging from -128 {+-} 28 m s{sup -2} to -431 {+-} 86 m s{sup -2} in the 335 A and 304 A passbands, respectively. These kinematics were used to estimate a quiet coronal magnetic field strength range of {approx}1-2 G. Significant pulse broadening was also observed, with expansion rates of {approx}130 km s{sup -1} (STEREO) and {approx}220 km s{sup -1} (SDO). By treating the CBF as a linear superposition of sinusoidal waves within a Gaussian envelope, the resulting dispersion rate of the pulse was found to be {approx}8-13 Mm{sup 2} s{sup -1}. These results are indicative of a fast-mode magnetoacoustic wave pulse propagating through an inhomogeneous medium.

  20. Threadleaf Groundsel and Forage Response to Herbicides in the Davis Mountains.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, R.D.; Ueckert, D.N.; Nelson J.T.; Cox, J.R.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    groundsel. MATERIALS AND METHODS Description of the Study Area The study was conducted on the Billy and Tommy Weston Ranch , 6.4 kilometers (km) southeast of Fort Davis , Texas in Jeff Davis County. Elevation of the study area is 1,524 m and average... to the Houston Livestock Show and Rodeo for partial financial support of this research, to Billy and Tommy Weston for providing land for the research, to Dr. Charles E. Gates for assistance with statistical analyses , to Brad Lisenbee for assistance...

  1. Arguments for a "U.S. Kamioka": SNOLab and its Implications for North American Underground Science Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. C. Haxton; K. A. Philpott; Robert Holtz; Philip Long; J. F. Wilkerson

    2006-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We argue for a cost-effective, long-term North American underground science strategy based on partnership with Canada and initial construction of a modest U.S. Stage I laboratory designed to complement SNOLab. We show, by reviewing the requirements of detectors now in the R&D phase, that SNOLab and a properly designed U.S. Stage I facility would be capable of meeting the needs of North America's next wave of underground experiments. We discuss one opportunity for creating a Stage I laboratory, the Pioneer tunnel in Washington State, a site that could be developed to provide dedicated, clean, horizontal access. This unused tunnel, part of the deepest (1040 m) tunnel system in the U.S., would allow the U.S. to establish, at low risk and low cost, a laboratory at a depth (2.12 km.w.e., or kilometers of water equivalent) quite similar to that of the Japanese laboratory Kamioka (2.04 km.w.e.). We describe studies of cosmic ray attenuation important to properly locating such a laboratory, and the tunnel improvements that would be required to produce an optimal Stage I facility. We also discuss possibilities for far-future Stage II (3.62 km.w.e.) and Stage III (5.00 km.w.e.) developments at the Pioneer tunnel, should future North American needs for deep space exceed that available at SNOLab.

  2. The Relative Abundance of Desert Tortoises on the Nevada Test Site within Ecological Landform Units

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roy Woodward, Kurt R. Rautenstrauch, Derek B. Hall, and W. Kent Ostler

    1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sign-survey transects were sampled in 1996 to better determine the relative abundance of desert tortoises on the Nevada Test Site (NTS). These transects were sampled within ecological land-form units (ELUs), which are small, ecologically homogeneous units of land. Two-hundred and six ELUs were sampled by walking 332 transects totaling 889 kilometers (km) (552 miles [mi]). These ELUs covered 528 km{sup 2} (204 mi{sup 2}). Two-hundred and eighty-one sign were counted. An average of 0.32 sign was found per km walked. Seventy percent of the area sampled had a very low abundance of tortoises, 29 percent had a low abundance, and 1 percent had a moderate abundance. A revised map of the relative abundance of desert tortoise on the NTS is presented. Within the 1,330 km{sup 2} (514 mi{sup 2}) of desert tortoise habitat on the NTS, 49 percent is classified as having no tortoises or a very low abundance, 18 percent has a low or moderate abundance, 12 percent is unclassified land being used by the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project, and the remaining 21 percent still has an unknown abundance of desert tortoises. Based on the results of this work, the amount of tortoise habitat previously classified as having an unknown or low-moderate abundance, and on which clearance surveys and on-site monitoring was required, has been reduced by 20 percent.

  3. The relative abundance of desert tortoises on the Nevada Test Site within ecological landform units

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woodward, R. [Bechtel National (United States); Rautenstrauch, K.R. [Science Applications International Corp. (United States); Hall, D.B.; Ostler, W.K. [Bechtel Nevada (United States)

    1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sign-survey transects were sampled in 1996 to better determine the relative abundance of desert tortoises on the Nevada Test Site (NTS). These transects were sampled within ecological land-form units (ELUs), which are small, ecologically homogeneous units of land. Two-hundred and six ELUs were sampled by walking 332 transects totaling 889 kilometers (km). These ELUs covered 528 km{sup 2}. Two-hundred and eight-one sign were counted. An average of 0.32 sign was found per km walked. Seventy percent of the area sampled had a very low abundance of tortoises, 29% had a low abundance, and 1% had a moderate abundance. A revised map of the relative abundance of desert tortoise on the NTS is presented. Within the 1,330 km{sup 2} of desert tortoise habitat on the NTS, 49% is classified as having no tortoises or a very low abundance, 18% has a low or moderate abundance, 12% is unclassified land being used by the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project, and the remaining 21% still has an unknown abundance of desert tortoises. Based on the results of this work, the amount of tortoise habitat previously classified as having an unknown or low-moderate abundance, and on which clearance surveys and on-site monitoring was required, has been reduced by 20%.

  4. Status of Neutrino Astronomy: The Quest for Kilometer-Scale Instruments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Halzen

    1997-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a (very) personal attempt to summarize the status of neutrino astronomy: its scientific motivations, our understanding of natural water and ice as particle detectors and, finally, the detector technology.

  5. Adaptive Selective Learning for Automatic Identification of Sub-Kilometer Craters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ding, Wei

    Martian terrain characterized by heterogeneous surface morphology. The experimental results demonstrate and present geological processes and provide the only tool for measuring rela- tive ages of observed geologic. Geologic stratigraphy based on manually collected databases has coarse spatial resolutions. Finer spatial

  6. Semi-supervised based Active Class Selection for Automatic Identification of Sub-Kilometer Craters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ding, Wei

    characterized by heterogeneous surface morphology. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed about the past and present geological processes and provide the only tool to measuring relative ages of observed geologic formations. The size distribution of craters conforms to the power-law as large craters

  7. Digital Elevation Model, 0.5-m, Barrow Environmental Observatory, Alaska, 2012

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Gangodagamage, Chandana; Wilson, Cathy; Rowland, Joel

    The dataset is a digital elevation model, DEM, of a 2km by 7km region in the vicinity of the Barrow Environmental Observatory near Barrow, Ak.

  8. Digital Elevation Model, 0.5-m, Barrow Environmental Observatory, Alaska, 2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gangodagamage, Chandana; Wilson, Cathy; Rowland, Joel

    2013-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The dataset is a digital elevation model, DEM, of a 2km by 7km region in the vicinity of the Barrow Environmental Observatory near Barrow, Ak.

  9. The Critical Density and the Effective Excitation Density of Commonly Observed Molecular Dense Gas Tracers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shirley, Yancy L

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The optically thin critical densities and the effective excitation densities to produce a 1 K km/s (or 0.818 Jy km/s $(\\frac{\

  10. Evaluation of hypotheses for the cause of the 1886 Charleston earthquake

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    White, R.M.; Long, L.T. (Law Environmental, Inc., Kennesaw, GA (USA); Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (USA))

    1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes a geophysical/geological investigation of the earth's crust at seismogenic depths in the Charleston, South Carolina area. This investigation was made for the purpose of narrowing the range of theories that have been used to explain the historic 1886 Charleston earthquake. Since a number of these theories are based on only a portion of the available data, we have established a comprehensive data set in order to allow these hypotheses to be subjected to the entire data set. Specifically, we combined existing and new gravity, magnetic and topographic data in grids of 128 km, 256 km and 1028 km on a side centered on Charleston. Seismic, geologic and drilling data were collected and summarized. A magnetotelluric survey consisting of 12 soundings interpreted to depths of over 40 kilometers defined the bottom of the rigid crust with assistance from seismic reflection and other data. A geologic model of the crust in the area of Charleston was constructed and it defined the locations of Triassic/Jurassic basins Paleozoic plutons in greater detail than has previously been achieved. 102 refs., 75 figs.

  11. Gigantic Ordovician volcanic ash fall in North America and Europe: Biological, tectonomagmatic, and event-stratigraphic significance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huff, W.D. (Univ. of Cincinnati, OH (United States)); Bergstroem, S.M. (Ohio State Univ., Columbus (United States)); Kolata, D.R. (Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign (United States))

    1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Biostratigraphical, geochemical, isotopic, and paleogeographic data suggest that the Millbrig K-bentonite, one of the thickest and most widespread Ordovician volcanic ash beds in eastern North America, is the same as the so-called 'Big Bentonite' in Baltoscandia. This is the first time that the same K-bentonite has been identified in both North America and Europe, and it serves as a unique event-stratigraphic marker over a large portion of the Northern Hemisphere. This eruption produced at least 340 km[sup 3] of dense-rock-equivalent ash that was deposited in a layer up to 1-2 m thick over several million square kilometers. As much as 800 km[sup 3] of additional ash may have fallen into the Iapetus Ocean, for a total of 1,140 km[sup 3]. Trace element geochemistry shows that the ash was derived from a felsic calc-alkalic magmatic source characteristic of volcanism in a continental crust-based, destructive plate-margin setting. This is one of the largest, if not the largest, ash falls recorded in Earth's Phanerozoic stratigraphic record, but its recognizable effect on faunas and floras was minimal, and it did not result in a global extinction event. The Millbrig-Big Bentonite bed provides accurate time control for sedimentologic, paleoecologic, and paleogeographic reconstructions across plates positioned in tropical (Laurentia) and temperate (Baltica) latitudes during Middle Ordovician time.

  12. JPL D-33509 Earth Observing System (EOS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1000 1200 FWHM / km Nathaniel J. Livesey, William G. Read, Lucien Froidevaux, Alyn Lambert, Gloria L

  13. The Lower Columbia River As a System:The Lower Columbia River As a System: An Oceanographic Point of ViewAn Oceanographic Point of View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    National Science Foundation US Army EngineersUS Army Engineers Bonneville Power AdministrationBonneville Power Administration NOAANOAA--FisheriesFisheries Miller FoundationMiller Foundation Thanks to: StephanieThanks toSalinity intrusion (~10--60 km in CR)60 km in CR) ­­ Tides (245 km, to Bonneville Dam)Tides (245 km

  14. Ferry-Based Linear Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jie

    of oil, gas, and water pipeline infrastructure using wireless sensor networks. #12;IEEE Globecom 2013 UAE (2006): 2,580 Km of gas pipelines 2,950 Km of oil pipelines 156 Km of refined products pipelines. Desalinated water. Saudi Arabia: 3,800 Km. Oil, Gas, and Water Pipeline UseOil, Gas, and Water

  15. Temperatures, heat flow, and water chemistry from drill holes in the Raft River geothermal system, Cassia County, Idaho

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nathenson, M.; Urban, T.C.; Diment, W.H.; Nehring, N.L.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Raft River area of Idaho contains a geothermal system of intermediate temperatures (approx. = 150/sup 0/C) at depths of about 1.5 km. Outside of the geothermal area, temperature measurements in three intermediate-depth drill holes (200 to 400 m) and one deep well (1500 m) indicate that the regional conductive heat flow is about 2.5 ..mu..cal/cm/sup 2/ sec or slightly higher and that temperature gradients range from 50/sup 0/ to 60/sup 0/C/km in the sediments, tuffs, and volcanic debris that fill the valley. Within and close to the geothermal system, temperature gradients in intermediate-depth drill holes (100 to 350 m) range from 120/sup 0/ to more than 600/sup 0/C/km, the latter value found close to an artesian hot well that was once a hot spring. Temperatures measured in three deep wells (1 to 2 km) within the geothermal area indicate that two wells are in or near an active upflow zone, whereas one well shows a temperature reversal. Assuming that the upflow is fault controlled, the flow is estimated to be 6 liter/sec per kilometer of fault length. From shut-in pressure data and the estimated flow, the permeability times thickness of the fault is calculated to be 2.4 darcy m. Chemical analyses of water samples from old flowing wells, recently completed intermediate-depth drill holes, and deep wells show a confused pattern. Geothermometer temperatures of shallow samples suggest significant re-equilibration at temperatures below those found in the deep wells. Silica geothermometer temperatures of water samples from the deep wells are in reasonable agreement with measured temperatures, whereas Na-K-Ca temperatures are significantly higher than measured temperatures. The chemical characteristics of the water, as indicated by chloride concentration, are extremely variable in shallow and deep samples. Chloride concentrations of the deep samples range from 580 to 2200 mg/kg.

  16. Fabric Analysis of Survivor Clasts in the Southwest Deforming Zone of the San Andreas Fault at Three Kilometers Depth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loftin, Aileen

    2014-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

    -frequency and shape-size distributions of survivor clasts from the SDZ were characterized through 3D analysis of X-Ray Computed Tomography (XCT) images of SDZ core samples. A number of processing techniques were employed to calibrate, remove artifacts, filter...

  17. 0 20 40 60 80 100 Miles 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 Kilometers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pasternack, Gregory B.

    a specific amount of water. AE express- es how well an irrigation system can potential- ly distributes 1 shows the AE values used for different irrigation systems (Canessa et al. 2011). Re- gional AE estimates in Table 2 were esti- mated using a weighted average of AE and irrigation system's crop acreage

  18. 0 20 40 60 80 100 Miles 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 Kilometers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pasternack, Gregory B.

    is operated to de- liver a specific amount of water. AE express- es how well an irrigation system can as the target water depth. Table 1 shows the AE values used for different irrigation systems (Canessa et al and irrigation system's crop acreage for each region (Tindula et al. 2013). The main assu- mptions is that every

  19. 0 20 40 60 80 100 Miles 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 Kilometers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pasternack, Gregory B.

    - liver a specific amount of water. AE express- es how well an irrigation system can potential- ly depth. Table 1 shows the AE values used for different irrigation systems (Canessa et al. 2011). Re- gional AE estimates in Table 2 were esti- mated using a weighted average of AE and irrigation system

  20. Evaluating the Representation and Impact of Convective Processes in the NCAR’s Community Climate System Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xiaoqing Wu

    2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Convection and clouds affect atmospheric temperature, moisture and wind fields through the heat of condensation and evaporation and through redistributions of heat, moisture and momentum. Individual clouds have a spatial scale of less than 10 km, much smaller than the grid size of several hundred kilometers used in climate models. Therefore the effects of clouds must be approximated in terms of variables that the model can resolve. Deriving such formulations for convection and clouds has been a major challenge for the climate modeling community due to the lack of observations of cloud and microphysical properties. The objective of our DOE CCPP project is to evaluate and improve the representation of convection schemes developed by PIs in the NCAR (National Center for Atmospheric Research) Community Climate System Model (CCSM) and study its impact on global climate simulations.

  1. The Highest Energy Cosmic Rays, Gamma Rays and Neutrinos: Facts, Fancy and Resolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Halzen

    2001-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Although cosmic rays were discovered 90 years ago, we do not know how and where they are accelerated. There is compelling evidence that the highest energy cosmic rays are extra-galactic -- they cannot be contained by our galaxy's magnetic field anyway because their gyroradius exceeds its dimensions. Elementary elementary-particle physics dictates a universal upper limit on their energy of $5\\times10^{19}$ eV, the so-called Greisen-Kuzmin-Zatsepin cutoff; however, particles in excess of this energy have been observed, adding one more puzzle to the cosmic ray mystery. Mystery is nonetheless fertile ground for progress: we will review the facts and mention some very speculative interpretations. There is indeed a realistic hope that the oldest problem in astronomy will be resolved soon by ambitious experimentation: air shower arrays of $10^4$ km$^2$ area, arrays of air Cerenkov detectors and kilometer-scale neutrino observatories.

  2. Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 254: Area 25, R-MAD Decontamination Facility, Nevada Test Site, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    G. N. Doyle

    2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 254 is located in Area 25 of the Nevada Test Site (NTS), approximately 100 kilometers (km) (62 miles) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada. The site is located within the Reactor Maintenance, Assembly and Disassembly (R-MAD) compound and consists of Building 3126, two outdoor decontamination pads, and surrounding areas within an existing fenced area measuring approximately 50 x 37 meters (160 x 120 feet). The site was used from the early 1960s to the early 1970s as part of the Nuclear Rocket Development Station program to decontaminate test-car hardware and tooling. The site was reactivated in the early 1980s to decontaminate a radiologically contaminated military tank. This Closure Report (CR) describes the closure activities performed to allow un-restricted release of the R-MAD Decontamination Facility.

  3. Submesoscale dispersion in the vicinity of the Deepwater Horizon spill

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poje, Andrew C; Lipphardt,, Bruce; Haus, Brian K; Ryan, Edward H; Haza, Angelique C; Reniers, A J H M; Olascoaga, Josefina; Novelli, Guillaume; Beron-Vera, Francisco J; Chen, Shuyi; Mariano, Arthur J; Jacobs, Gregg; Hogan, Pat; Coelho, Emanuel; Kirwan,, A D; Huntley, Helga; Griffa, Annalisa

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Reliable forecasts for the dispersion of oceanic contamination are important for coastal ecosystems, society and the economy as evidenced by the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010 and the Fukushima nuclear plant incident in the Pacific Ocean in 2011. Accurate prediction of pollutant pathways and concentrations at the ocean surface requires understanding ocean dynamics over a broad range of spatial scales. Fundamental questions concerning the structure of the velocity field at the submesoscales (100 meters to tens of kilometers, hours to days) remain unresolved due to a lack of synoptic measurements at these scales. \\textcolor{black} {Using high-frequency position data provided by the near-simultaneous release of hundreds of accurately tracked surface drifters, we study the structure of submesoscale surface velocity fluctuations in the Northern Gulf Mexico. Observed two-point statistics confirm the validity of classic turbulence scaling laws at 200m$-$50km scales and clearly indicate tha...

  4. Electromagnetic pulse (EMP) interaction with electric power systems. Power Systems Technology Program. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zaininger, H.W.

    1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A high altitude nuclear burst, detonated at a height of 50 km or more, causes two types of electromagnetic pulses (EMP) - high altitude EMP (HEMP) and magnetohydrodynamic EMP (MHD-EMP). This high altitude EMP scenario is of principal concern when assessing the effects of EMP on electric power systems, because the total United States can be simultaneously illuminated by HEMP and MHD-EMP can cover a large area of up to several hundred kilometers in diameter. The purpose of this project was first to define typical electrical power system characteristics for EMP analysis, and second, to determine reasonable worst case EMP induced surges on overhead electric power system transmission and distribution lines for reasonable assumptions, using unclassified HEMP and MHD-EMP electric field waveforms.

  5. The 1993 baseline biological studies and proposed monitoring plan for the Device Assembly Facility at the Nevada Test Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woodward, B.D.; Hunter, R.B.; Greger, P.D.; Saethre, M.B.

    1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains baseline data and recommendations for future monitoring of plants and animals near the new Device Assembly Facility (DAF) on the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The facility is a large structure designed for safely assembling nuclear weapons. Baseline data was collected in 1993, prior to the scheduled beginning of DAF operations in early 1995. Studies were not performed prior to construction and part of the task of monitoring operational effects will be to distinguish those effects from the extensive disturbance effects resulting from construction. Baseline information on species abundances and distributions was collected on ephemeral and perennial plants, mammals, reptiles, and birds in the desert ecosystems within three kilometers (km) of the DAF. Particular attention was paid to effects of selected disturbances, such as the paved road, sewage pond, and the flood-control dike, associated with the facility. Radiological monitoring of areas surrounding the DAF is not included in this report.

  6. Atmosphere of a sunspot based on observations in the x-ray, extreme ultraviolet, optical, and radio ranges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Staude, J.; Fuerstenberg, F.; Hildebrandt, J.; Krueger, A.; Jakimiec, J.; Obridko, V.N.; Siarkowski, M.; Sylwester, B.; Sylwester, J.

    1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown that the lower chromosphere of an umbra is best described within the framework of a model close to that of Teplitskaya et al. This model can be extended to higher levels using a large temperature gradient, so that Troughly-equal40 000 K and an electron density n/sub e/roughly-equal4x10/sup 10/ cm/sup -3/ are reached at a height zroughly-equal2000 km above the umbral photosphere. These values are defined by the EUV data of the HRTS instrument. At higher levels one must presume the existence of at least two components: The hot component, which occupies ..cap alpha..roughly-equal0.8--0.9 of the total volume, has a narrow transition layer, and the coronal values of Troughly-equal1.8x10/sup 6/ K and n/sub e/roughly-equal5x10/sup 8/ even at a height z = 3000--5000 km. These values are consistent both with the absence of an x-ray emission flux above large sunspots and with the high brightness temperature T/sub b/ = 1.8x10/sup 6/ K of emission in the centimeter range from the same region. This hot coronal matter surrounds the bases of cool loops emerging from the umbra in the form of bundles, and they emit the EUV lines observed at 10/sup 4/< or =T< or =10/sup 6/ K. In the corona the z dependence of all the physical quantities, including ..cap alpha.., over a distance of several thousand kilometers can be taken as weak. Along the axis of a loop T grows slowly, the loops become more horizontal, and at distances and heights of several tens of thousands of kilometers above a flocculus they appear as hot x-ray loops.

  7. Regional groundwater modeling of the saturated zone in the vicinity of Yucca Mountain, Nevada; Iterative Performance Assessment, Phase 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ahola, M.; Sagar, B. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States). Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses

    1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Results of groundwater modeling of the saturated zone in the vicinity of Yucca Mountain are presented. Both a regional (200 {times} 200 km) and subregional (50 {times} 50 km) model were used in the analyses. Simulations were conducted to determine the impact of various disruptive that might take place over the life span of a proposed Yucca Mountain geologic conditions repository on the groundwater flow field, as well as changes in the water-table elevations. These conditions included increases in precipitation and groundwater recharge within the regional model, changes in permeability of existing hydrogeologic barriers, a:nd the vertical intrusion of volcanic dikes at various orientations through the saturated zone. Based on the regional analysis, the rise in the water-table under Yucca Mountain due to various postulated conditions ranged from only a few meters to 275 meters. Results of the subregional model analysis, which was used to simulate intrusive dikes approximately 4 kilometers in length in the vicinity of Yucca Mountain, showed water-table rises ranging from a few meters to as much as 103 meters. Dikes oriented approximately north-south beneath Yucca Mountain produced the highest water-table rises. The conclusions drawn from this analysis are likely to change as more site-specific data become available and as the assumptions in the model are improved.

  8. Corrective action decision document second gas station, Tonopah Test Range, Nevada (Corrective Action Unit No. 403). Revision No. 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Corrective Action Decision Document (CADD) for Second Gas Station has been developed for the U.S. Department of Energy`s (DOE) Nevada Environmental Restoration Project to meet the requirements of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) of 1996 as stated in Appendix VI, {open_quotes}Corrective Action Strategy{close_quotes}. The Second Gas Station Corrective Action Site (CAS) No. 03-02-004-03 is the only CAS in CAU No. 403. The Second Gas Station CAS is located within Area 3 of the Tonopah Test Range (TTR), west of the Main Road at the location of former Underground Storage Tanks (USTs) and their associated fuel dispensary stations. The TTR is approximately 225 kilometers (km) (140 miles [mi]) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada, by air and approximately 56 km (3 5 mi) southeast of Tonopah, Nevada, by road. The TTR is bordered on the south, east, and west by the Nellis Air Force Range and on the north by sparsely populated public land administered by the Bureau of Land Management and the U.S. Forest Service.

  9. Mesozoic rift basins in western desert of Egypt, their southern extension and impact on future exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taha, M.A. (Conoco, Cairo (Egypt))

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rift basins are a primary target of exploration in east, central, and west Africa. These intracratonic rift basins range in age from the Triassic to the Neogene and are filled with lagoonal-lacustrine sand-shale sequences. Several rift basins may be present in the Western Desert of Egypt. In the northeastern African platform, the Mesozoic Tethyan strand lines were previously interpreted to have limited southern extension onto the continent. This concept, based upon a relatively limited amount of subsurface data, has directed and focused the exploration for oil and gas to the northernmost 120 km of the Western Desert of Egypt. Recent well and geophysical data indicate a southerly extension of mesozoic rift basins several hundred kilometers inland from the Mediterranean Sea. Shushan/Faghur and Abu Gharadig/Bahrein basins may represent subparallel Mesozoic basins, trending northeast-southwest. Marine Oxfordian-Kimmeridgian sediments were recently reported from wells drilled approximately 500 km south of the present-day Mediterranean shoreline. The link of these basins with the Sirte basin to the southwest in Libya is not well understood. Exploration is needed to evaluate the hydrocarbon potential of such basins.

  10. Cenozoic basin development in Hispaniola

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mann, P.; Burke, K.

    1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Four distinct generations of Cenozoic basins have developed in Hispaniola (Haiti and Dominican Republic) as a result of collisional or strike-slip interactions between the North America and Caribbean plates. First generation basins formed when the north-facing Hispaniola arc collided with the Bahama platform in the middle Eocene; because of large post-Eocene vertical movements, these basins are preserved locally in widely separated areas but contain several kilometers of arc and ophiolite-derived clastic marine sediments, probably deposited in thrust-loaded, flexure-type basins. Second generation basins, of which only one is exposed at the surface, formed during west-northwesterly strike-slip displacement of southern Cuba and northern Hispaniola relative to central Hispaniola during the middle to late Oligocene; deposition occurred along a 5-km (3-mi) wide fault-angle depression and consisted of about 2 km (1 mi) of submarine fan deposits. Third generation basins developed during post-Oligocene convergent strike-slip displacement across a restraining bend formed in central Hispaniola; the southern 2 basins are fairly symmetrical, thrust-bounded ramp valleys, and the third is an asymmetrical fault-angle basin. Fourth generation basins are pull-aparts formed during post-Miocene divergent strike-slip motion along a fault zone across southern Hispaniola. As in other Caribbean areas, good source rocks are present in all generations of basins, but suitable reservoir rocks are scarce. Proven reservoirs are late Neogene shallow marine and fluvial sandstones in third generation basins.

  11. Preliminary Safety Analysis of the Gorleben Site: Geological Database - 13300

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weber, Jan Richard; Mrugalla, Sabine; Dresbach, Christian; Hammer, Joerg [Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR), 30655 Hannover, Stilleweg 2 (Germany)] [Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR), 30655 Hannover, Stilleweg 2 (Germany)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Gorleben salt dome is 4 km wide and nearly 15 km long. It is composed of different salt rock types of the Zechstein (Upper Permian) series and extends to the Zechstein basis in a depth of more than 3 km. In the course of the salt dome formation the salt was moved several kilometers. During the uplift of the salt the initially plane-bedded strata of the Zechstein series were extensively folded. In this process anhydrite as a competent layer was broken to isolated blocks. In the core of the salt dome the Hauptsalz, which is characterized by a particularly high creeping capacity, forms a homogeneous halite body with a volume of several cubic kilometres. The Hauptsalz contains gaseous and liquid hydrocarbons in separated zones of decimeter to meter dimensions. The overall hydrocarbon content is far below 0.01 %. At the flanks the salt dome consists of salt rocks with lower creeping capacities. Brine reservoirs with fluid volumes in the range of liters to hundreds of cubic meters exist in certain regions of this part of the salt dome. The water content of the Hauptsalz is below 0.02 %. Interconnected pores do not exist in the salt rock outside of fluid bearing or fractured areas, i.e. the salt rock is impermeable. The exploration of the Gorleben site as a potential site for a HLW-repository started in 1979 and is still in progress. To date no scientific findings contest the suitability of the site for a safe HLW-repository. (authors)

  12. Tradeoffs between Costs and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the Design of Urban Transit Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griswold, Julia Baird

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of veh (kWh/veh-km) Cost per kWh ($/kWh) Operating cost ($/of veh (kWh/veh-km) Cost per kWh ($/kWh) Operating cost ($/

  13. Determining the lowest-cost hydrogen delivery mode

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    diesel) carbon dioxide emissions from electricity (gCO 2 /kWh) distance traveled (km) fuel economy (km/gal) electricity work used (kWh) lower heating value

  14. Active Fault Segments As Potential Earthquake Sources- Inferences...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    sources to the north are shallow at 15 km depth compared to 22 km to the south. The loss of magnetism to the north is probably due to increased heat as a result of magmatic...

  15. aphrodite terra venus: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    is the Sun? 250 BC: Aristarchos of Samos calculates AU 7 million km 16th century: Tycho Brahe measures AU 8 million km 17 century: Johannes Kepler estimates AU 24 million...

  16. Nighttime Ionospheric D-region: Equatorial and Non-equatorial Neil R. Thomson,1 and Wayne M. McRae2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otago, University of

    ' ~ 85.0 km and sharpness ~ 0.63 km-1. These paths include NPM (Hawaii) to Washington DC, Omega Hawaii Hawaii to Dunedin, and NPM (Hawaii) to Dunedin. It is suggested that the effects of irregularities

  17. Aluto-Langano Geothermal Field, Ethiopian Rift Valley- Physical...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    is estimated to be between 3000 and 6000 MWt yr km-3, or 10-20 MWc km-3 for over 30 years. Author B. Gizaw Published Journal Geothermics, 1993 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI...

  18. The 2011 Tohoku earthquake, tsunami, and Fukushima nuclear accident

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrari, Silvia

    The 2011 Tohoku earthquake, tsunami, and Fukushima nuclear accident: the Risk Policy Aftermath 3 #12;Personal experience in March 2011 Tsukuba 170km Tokyo 230km Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power

  19. The Mechanics of Unrest at Long Valley Caldera, California: 1...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    source depth by 2.1 km (35%), and the source volume by 0.038 km3 (44%). Authors M. Battaglia, P. Segall, J. Murray, P. Cervelli and J. Langbein Published Journal Journal of...

  20. WEAK BIALGEBRAS AND MONOIDAL CATEGORIES G. BOHM, S. CAENEPEEL, AND K. JANSSEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caenepeel, Stefaan

    functor HM kM is strongly monoidal. Weak bialgebras are more general than bialgebras. The axioms (1) = 11

  1. Polymorphisms in Human Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase BEATA D. PRZYBYLA-ZAWISLAK, PUNIT K. SRIVASTAVA, JOHANA V AZQUEZ-MATIAS, HARVEY W. MOHRENWEISER,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammock, Bruce D.

    differences in Km and Vmax. In addition, stability studies showed that the double mutant was less stable than

  2. 1 Copyright 2009 by ASME Proceedings of IMECE2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandlikar, Satish

    .5+1.8 km. Community of Palo Blanco, Zip Code 36885 Salamanca, Guanajuato, México Jose Cuauhtemoc Rubio-Arana

  3. A GUIDE TO ECOLOGICAL AND POLITICAL ISSUES SURROUNDING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Love, Milton

    example towing structures of two Tenneco platforms over 1480 km (920 mi) from offshore Louisiana to a site

  4. Coyote and bobcat use of a south Texas ranch: and the effects of brush management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Lisa Carole

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    August 1986. Composite home range sizes, based on 95'Yo of the locations, of male 2 2 coyotes (x = 3. 07 km ) and i'emale coyotes (x = 3. 01 km ) were similar. Home range sizes of male bobcats (x = 3. 46 km ) and female bobcats (x = 1. 16 km... TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF TABLES LIST OF FIGURES INTRODUCTION STUDY AREA HETHODS Trapping Tracking Home Ranges Habitat Use Activity Patterns Brush Treatments RESULTS AND DISCUSSION Trapping Tracking Home Ranges Habitat Use Activity...

  5. Wildlife Society Bulletin 2005, 33(2):745748 Peer refereed Distance sampling from roads is a common pop-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wallace, Mark C.

    on the Matador Wildlife Management Area (WMA) (352.4 km2), located northwest of Paducah in Cottle County along

  6. From the Field: The relationship of Rio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butler, Matthew J.

    - tered on the MatadorWildlife Management Area (WMA)(352.4 km2),located northwest of Paducah in Cottle

  7. Attenuation of radio signals by the ionosphere of Mars: Theoretical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Withers, Paul

    radio frequency and peak electron density Molina-Cuberos et al. (2002) #12;Power loss equation · Effects solution #12;Power loss at 1, 10, 100, 1000 MHz 1 MHz, 64 km 100 MHz, 29 km 1 GHz, 12 km 10 MHz, 47 km f · Thus P > 1 dB only for f power loss from main ionospheric layer if NXC > 2E10 m-3

  8. The influence of the Columbia River plume on cross-shelf transport of zooplankton.1 Jay O. Peterson1*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickey, Barbara

    and associated nutrients47 [Lohan and Bruland, 2006]. Over a broad spatial scale, extending up to 100 km from the

  9. Ageostrophic, anticyclonic instability of a geostrophic, barotropic boundary current

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yavneh, Irad

    -called atmospheric mesoscale (with L between about 1 and 1000 km) and oceanic mesoscale and "submesoscale" (with L

  10. Sizing Thermally Activated Building Systems (TABS): A Brief Literature Review and Model Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basu, Chandrayee; Schiavon, Stefano; Bauman, Fred

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    m 2 /W Thermal resistance of the building envelope, K-m 2 /Wtemperature, envelope, slab and tubing thermal resistance,

  11. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 103, NO. CI, PAGES 1343-1362, JANUARY 15, 1998 A new method to determine the mean sea surface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Leeuwen, Peter Jan

    accuratelyobservingoceanvariability in the mesoscalerange(10-100days,50-500km) hasled to progressin understanding and mapping

  12. VII Seminrio tcnico-cientifico de anlise dos dados referentes ao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    protegidas da Amazônia pode agüentar a pressão do desflorestamento? #12;Métodos · Base de dados ­ Limite dasVII Seminário técnico-cientifico de análise dos dados referentes ao desmatamento na Amazônia Legal;Desflorestamento no entorno #12;10 km 30 km #12;10 km 30 km #12;Banco de dados ­ 1997 - 2008 ACUMULADO #12;BANCO DE

  13. Neighborhood socio-economic disadvantage and race/ethnicity as predictors of breast cancer stage at diagnosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flores, Yvonne N; Davidson, Pamela L; Nakazono, Terry T; Carreon, Daisy C; Mojica, Cynthia M; Bastani, Roshan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Diagnosis_2013.pdf. 45. Wells KJ, Battaglia TA, Dudley DJ,Sherman BJ, Freund KM, Battaglia TA: Patient navigation to

  14. Impact Crater ejecta blanket

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jurdy, Donna M.

    , Australia Meteor Crater, Arizona #12;Venus as a Planet Diameter = 12,104 km Density = 5 2 g/cm3Density = 5C = 733 K = 860o F Ave. Distance from Sun = 81.08 x 108 km #12;Introduction: Venus Elevation, unimodal = -3.9 to 12 km Mostly flat plains with some topographic swells, volcanoes dune fields rift valleys

  15. Excitements and Challenges for Future Light Sources Based on X-Ray FELs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -ray Laser Laboratory #12;LLINACINAC CCOHERENTOHERENT LLIGHTIGHT SSOURCEOURCE 2 Km 0 Km 3 Km #12;LCLS brightness of the LCLS and other facilities operating or under construction LEUTL TTF FEL LCLS Spontaneous)(B. Faatz) UCLAUCLA #12;LCLS - The First Experiments Team Leaders: AbsorptionResonanceRaman t0 t1 t2 t3 t4 t

  16. FLEXURAL RESPONSE TO SEDIMENT EROSION AND UNLOADING AT VALLES MARINERIS, MARS. B. J. Davis1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the difference between the present-day surface topography within the troughs and 4000 m, where 4000 m was chosen that much of the topography and grav- ity surrounding the troughs can be explained by flex- ural uplift due Results. (a) MOLA topography. (b) Flexural uplift when Te = 50 km. (c) Te = 100 km. (d) Te = 50 km. All

  17. A Climatology of Midlatitude Continental Clouds from the ARM SGP Central Facility. Part II: Cloud Fraction and Surface Radiative Forcing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dong, Xiquan

    at the Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Southern Great Plains (SGP) Central Facility and for single-layered low (0­3 km), middle (3­6 km), and high clouds ( 6 km) using ARM SCF ground-based paired-looking standard precision spectral pyranometers and precision infrared radiometer measurements with uncertainties

  18. The Ross Sea Response to Evolving Ocean-Ice Interactions in a Changing Climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiederwohl, Christina 1980-

    2012-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    decade (1994–2007) mostly (50%) from larger melt water inputs from the Pine Island (17.7 km^3 per decade) and Dotson (14.8 km^3 per decade) glaciers. Two decades of steady (1978-2000) strengthening of sea ice productivity (200 km^3 per decade) within...

  19. Development of Exploration Methods for Engineered Geothermal System through Integrated Geoscience Interpretation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE Geothermal Peer Review 2010 - Presentation. This project will deploy, test and calibrate Non-invasive EGS Exploration Methodology integrating geoscience data to predict temperature and rock type at a scale of 5km x 5km at depths of 1-5km.

  20. Earth Science Mission Profile 1997 -2004 1 9 9 7 1 9 9 8 1 9 9 9 2 0 0 0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waliser, Duane E.

    1 9 9 8 1 9 9 9 2 0 0 0 TRMM 11/27/97 402 km 35° · CERES · LIS · VIRS · TMI · PR (Japan) Spacecraft/Aquarius (Argentina) 6/10/11 657 km 98.0° 6:00 AM · L-band radiometer · L-band scatterometer Suomi NPP 10/28/11 824 km

  1. DOE Hydrogen Program U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    delivery trucks, gaseous hydrogen tube trailers, and dedicated gaseous hydrogen pipelines. Worldwide, there are over 800 km of hydrogen pipelines, including 225 km in the Ruhr Valley of Germany that have operated safely since 1938, and over 200 km of hydrogen pipeline in the United States, primarily in the Texas Gulf

  2. Mantle transition zone beneath the Caribbean-South American plate boundary and its tectonic implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niu, Fenglin

    Mantle transition zone beneath the Caribbean-South American plate boundary and its tectonic seismic network of Venezuela to study the mantle transition zone structure beneath the Caribbean Caribbean, the 410-km is featured by a narrow (200 km EW) 25-km uplift extending in the NS direction around

  3. Hohe Anteile an Windenergie im Energiemix der Zukunft

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Netherlands Algeria Egypt Libya Romania Deutschland Ukraine Azerbaijan Kazhakstan Turkey Uzbekistanstan Great;Sources of Natural Gas 2010 1.000 km 2.000 km 3.000 km Norway Russia Netherlands Algeria Egypt Libya, Malin Head Savingsoffossilfuels[%] Wind energy production [% of demand] © Gregor Giebel, Risø, 2007 #12

  4. Thermosphere & Mesosphere Physics dept.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    structure Mesosphere: ~50-90 km, temperature decreases with height - 3K/km (due to CO2 radiation), mesopause and ending ~80-85 km high at the mesopause. The temperature in the mesosphere decreases with altitude (~ -3K An overview #12;Vertical structure The neutral atmosphere is described by 4 properties: · Pressure (P

  5. Risk division Semi-analytical model of brine leakage through

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , Canada: 508 wells in a 30km x 30 km area. from Bachu and Celia, 2009 hal-00658780,version1-18Jun2012 #12. (Pruess, 2006, for geothermal wells) · = > Thermal equilibrium (Oldenburg & Rinaldi 2011) > 8 Mt/y for 50 years > D=6.7 km from the injection to the abandonned well > Cement plug: 10 m high, weak

  6. Volcano-tectonic modelling of magma chambers, ring-faults, unrest, and eruptions in the Tianchi Volcano, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheldon, Nathan D.

    this range to AD938-946), produced between 96 and 172 km3 of deposits, or around 30 km3 of dense magma, and is one of the largest eruptions on Earth during the past 1100 years. A 5-km-diameter collapse caldera, indicating that the shallow magma chamber and/or an associated geothermal system beneath the volcano

  7. Glaciers of the McMurdo dry valleys: Terrestrial analog for Martian polar sublimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fountain, Andrew G.

    ice caps, and circular pits that make up the ``Swiss cheese'' terrain appear on the south polar cap caps, where dust accumulation and sublimation are significant but surface melting is absent. We have developed in the ice. Troughs are up to 1 km deep and 10 km wide; in the south polar cap some are 150 km

  8. A l u m n i C a m p u sE N E R G I E (89 Kilometer nordwestlich

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vollmer, Heribert

    Referenzprojekt für die Ent- wicklung der Offshore-Wind- energie besondere Bedeutung zu. Derzeit laufen in der Aus und 15 Insti- Einleitung Ziel der Bundesregierung ist es, bis zum Jahr 2030 Offshore- Windparks mit- wicklung fiel im Herbst 2008 mit dem Bau des Umspann- werks für das Offshore-Test- feld alpha ventus

  9. Neotectonics, geodesy, and seismic hazard in the Northern Walker Lane of Western North America: Thirty kilometers of crustal shear and no strike-slip?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , University of Nevada, Reno 89557, United States b Nevada Geodetic Laboratory, Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology, 89557, United States c Nevada Seismological Laboratory, University of Nevada, Reno 89557, United States a b s t r a c ta r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 2 January 2012 Received in revised

  10. 22LRO Explores the Apollo 12 Landing Area on the Moon NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) from a lunar orbit of 21 kilometers (13

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    22LRO Explores the Apollo 12 Landing Area on the Moon NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO of the Apollo 12 landing site. Images show the twists and turns of the paths made when the astronauts explored the lunar surface. One of the details that shows up is a bright L-shape in the Apollo 12 image. It marks

  11. Non-Thermal Treatment of Hanford Site Low-Level Mixed Waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DOE proposes to transport contact-handled LLMW from the Hanford Site to the Allied Technology Group (ATG) Mixed Waste Facility (MWF) in Richland, Washington, for non-thermal treatment and to return the treated waste to the Hanford Site for eventual land disposal. Over a 3-year period the waste would be staged to the ATG MWF, and treated waste would be returned to the Hanford Site. The ATG MWF would be located on an 18 hectare (ha) (45 acre [at]) ATG Site adjacent to ATG's licensed low-level waste processing facility at 2025 Battelle Boulevard. The ATG MWF is located approximately 0.8 kilometers (km) (0.5 miles [mi]) south of Horn Rapids Road and 1.6 km (1 mi) west of Stevens Drive. The property is located within the Horn Rapids triangle in northern Richland (Figure 2.1). The ATG MWF is to be located on the existing ATG Site, near the DOE Hanford Site, in an industrial area in the City of Richland. The effects of siting, construction, and overall operation of the MWF have been evaluated in a separate State Environmental Policy Act (SEPA) EIS (City of Richland 1998). The proposed action includes transporting the LLMW from the Hanford Site to the ATG Facility, non-thermal treatment of the LLMW at the ATG MWF, and transporting the waste from ATG back to the Hanford Site. Impacts fi-om waste treatment operations would be bounded by the ATG SEPA EIS, which included an evaluation of the impacts associated with operating the non-thermal portion of the MWF at maximum design capacity (8,500 metric tons per year) (City of Richland 1998). Up to 50 employees would be required for non-thermal treatment portion of the MWF. This includes 40 employees that would perform waste treatment operations and 10 support staff. Similar numbers were projected for the thermal treatment portion of the MWF (City of Richland 1998).

  12. Corrective action decision document, Second Gas Station, Tonopah test range, Nevada (Corrective Action Unit No. 403)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Corrective Action Decision Document (CADD) for Second Gas Station (Corrective Action Unit [CAU] No. 403) has been developed for the U.S. Department of Energy`s (DOE) Nevada Environmental Restoration Project to meet the requirements of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) of 1996 as stated in Appendix VI, {open_quotes}Corrective Action Strategy{close_quotes} (FFACO, 1996). The Second Gas Station Corrective Action Site (CAS) No. 03-02-004-0360 is the only CAS in CAU No. 403. The Second Gas Station CAS is located within Area 3 of the Tonopah Test Range (TTR), west of the Main Road at the location of former Underground Storage Tanks (USTs) and their associated fuel dispensary stations. The TTR is approximately 225 kilometers (km) (140 miles [mi]) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada, by air and approximately 56 km (35 mi) southeast of Tonopah, Nevada, by road. The TTR is bordered on the south, east, and west by the Nellis Air Force Range and on the north by sparsely populated public land administered by the Bureau of Land Management and the U.S. Forest Service. The Second Gas Station CAS was formerly known as the Underground Diesel Tank Site, Sandia Environmental Restoration Site Number 118. The gas station was in use from approximately 1965 to 1980. The USTs were originally thought to be located 11 meters (m) (36 feet [ft]) east of the Old Light Duty Shop, Building 0360, and consisted of one gasoline UST (southern tank) and one diesel UST (northern tank) (DOE/NV, 1996a). The two associated fuel dispensary stations were located northeast (diesel) and southeast (gasoline) of Building 0360 (CAU 423). Presently the site is used as a parking lot, Building 0360 is used for mechanical repairs of vehicles.

  13. Applying distributions of hydraulic conductivity for anisotropic systems and applications to Tc Transport at the U.S. Department of Energy Hanford Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allen G Hunt

    2008-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    43Tc99 is spreading mostly laterally through the U.S. Department of Energy Hanford site sediments. At higher tensions in the unsaturated zone, the hydraulic conductivity may be strongly anisotropic as a consequence of finer soils to retain more water than coarser ones, and for these soils to have been deposited primarily in horizontal structures. We have tried to develop a consistent modeling procedure that could predict the behavior of Tc plumes. Our procedure consists of: (1) Adapting existing numerical recipes based on critical path analysis to calculate the hydraulic conductivity, K, as a function of tension, h, (2) Statistically correlating the predicted K at various values of the tension with fine content, (3) Seeking a tension value, for which the anisotropy and the horizontal K values are both sufficiently large to accommodate multi-kilometer spreading, (4) Predicting the distribution of K values for vertical flow as a function of system support volume, (5) Comparing the largest likely K value in the vertical direction with the expected K in the horizontal direction, (6) Finding the length scale at which the two K values are roughly equal, (7) Comparing that length scale with the horizontal spreading of the plume. We find that our predictions of the value of the tension at which the principle spreading is likely occurring compares very well with experiment. However, we seem to underestimate the physical length scale at which the predominantly horizontal spreading begins to take on significant vertical characteristics. Our data and predictions would seem to indicate that this should happen after horizontal transport of somewhat over a km, but the chiefly horizontal transport appears to continue out to scales of 10km or so.

  14. Remedial Action Plan and Site Design for Stabilization of the Inactive Uranium Mill Tailings Site, Maybell, Colorado. Remedial action selection report: Attachment 2, Geology report, Final

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Maybell uranium mill tailings site is 25 miles (mi) (40 kilometers [km]) west of the town of Craig, Colorado, in Moffat County, in the northwestern part of the state. The unincorporated town of Maybell is 5 road mi (8 km) southwest of the site. The designated site covers approximately 110 acres (ac) (45 hectares [ha]) and consists of a concave-shaped tailings pile and rubble from the demolition of the mill buildings buried in the former mill area. Contaminated materials at the Maybell processing site include the tailings pile, which has an average depth of 20 feet (ft) (6 meters [m]) and contains 2.8 million cubic yards (yd{sup 3}) (2.1 million cubic meters [m{sup 3}]) of tailings. The former mill processing area is on the north side of the site and contains 20,000 yd{sup 3} (15,000 m{sup 3}) of contaminated demolition debris. Off-pile contamination is present and includes areas adjacent to the tailings pile, as well as contamination dispersed by wind and surface water flow. The volume of off-pile contamination to be placed in the disposal cell is 550,000 yd{sup 3} (420,000 m{sup 3}). The total volume of contaminated materials to be disposed of as part of the remedial action is estimated to be 3.37 million yd{sup 3} (2.58 million m{sup 3}). Information presented in this Final Remedial Action Plan (RAP) and referenced in supporting documents represents the current disposal cell design features and ground water compliance strategy proposed by the US Department of Energy (DOE) for the Maybell, Colorado, tailings site. Both the disposal cell design and the ground water compliance strategy have changed from those proposed prior to the preliminary final RAP document as a result of prudent site-specific technical evaluations.

  15. Rulison Site Surface Closure Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Closure Report provides documentation for closure of the Rulison Site surface and summarizes the data from groundwater monitoring conducted quarterly in 1996 and 1997. The quarterly groundwater monitoring was conducted to demonstrate that no contaminants are migrating from the pond after completion of the pond remediation activities. The Rulison Site is located in the North 1/2 of the Southwest 1/4 of Section 25, Township 7 South, Range 95 West of the 6` Principal Meridian, Garfield County, Colorado, approximately 19 kilometers (km) (12 miles [mi]) southwest of Rifle, Colorado, and approximately 65 km (40 mi) northeast of Grand Junction, Colorado (Figure I - 1). The site is situated on the north slope of Battlement Mesa on the upper reaches of Battlement Creek at an elevation of approximately 2,500 meters (m) (8,200 feet [ft]). The valley is open to the north-northwest and is bounded on the other three sides by steep mountain slopes that rise to elevations above 2,927 m (9,600 ft). Project Rulison was a joint U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) and Austral Oil Company (Austral) experiment. It was conducted under the AEC`s Plowshare Program to evaluate the feasibility of using a nuclear device to stimulate natural gas production in low- permeability, gas-producing geologic formations. The experiment consisted of detonating a 40-kiloton nuclear device at a depth of 2, 568 m (8,426 ft) below ground surface on September 10, 1969, followed by natural gas production testing in 1970 and 1971 (AEC, 1973).

  16. Performance test results for the Eaton dc developmental power train in an electric test bed vehicle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crumley, R.L.; Donaldson, M.R.

    1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the results of the tests performed on a direct current (dc) power train in a test bed vehicle developed by the Eaton Corporation for the US Department of Energy (DOE). The tests were performed by EG and G Idaho, Inc. at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The purpose of the INEL testing was to provide test results from which an evaluation of the performance capabilities of the Eaton dc power train could be made and compared with other vehicle propulsion systems. The planned tests were primarily oriented toward road testing, chassis dynamometer testing, and associated dynamometer coastdown tests for road loss determination. Range tests of the Eaton dc test bed vehicle using an ALCO 2200 lead acid battery pack, produced ranges of 97 km at 56 km/h (60 miles at 35 mph), 79 km at 72 km/h (49 miles at 45 mph), and 47 km at 88 km/h (29 miles at 55 mph). The corresponding net dc energy consumptions are 135 Wh/km (217 Wh/mile), 145 Wh/km (233 Wh/mile), and 178 Wh/km (287 Wh/mile). The energy consumption for the D-cycle test was 241 Wh/km (387 Wh/mile). 8 refs., 11 figs., 16 tabs.

  17. Stabilization Wedges and the Polygame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CO2/yr emissions a) Drive 24,000 km/yr, 5 liters/100km b) Fly 24,000 km/yr c) Heat home Natural gas, average house, average climate d) Lights 300 kWh/month when all coal-power (600 kWh/month, natural-gas in China must explore low-carbon industrialization. X #12;300 350 400 450 500 550 600 Base year (1990) 1992

  18. Enhancing Resilience in a Changing Climate/ Renforcer la rsilience en face de changements climatiques Earth Sciences Sector /Secteur des Sciences de la Terre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuligowski, Bob

    approach a 30 year time span is required to produce climate norms. Major requirements: 1km - AVHRR, 250m Min accuracy Surface Albedo 250m 1day 5% 10% Surface radiation budget (SW and LW) 25km 3h-1day 5Wm-2 10Wm-2 Land cover (incl. vegetation type) 10m-1km 1yr 5% 10% Leaf Area Index (LAI) 250m 1day 5% 10

  19. Environmental concerns are driving the development of the welding processes and applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    grade steel) · Lower running cost 30 % · Reduction of CO2 emissions 15 % · Lower manufacturing cost 20: · Reduction of CO2 by 50 % per passenger-km in the long term · Reduction of NOX-gases by 20 % (80 fuel efficiency: 3,2 ­ 4,5 litre/100km · Lower CO2 emission: 86 ­ 108 g/km · Low environmental impact

  20. Environmental assessment of remedial action at the Naturita uranium processing site near Naturita, Colorado. Revision 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The proposed remedial action for the Naturita processing site is relocation of the contaminated materials and debris to the Dry Flats disposal site, 6 road miles (mi) [10 kilometers (km)] to the southeast. At the disposal site, the contaminated materials would be stabilized and covered with layers of earth and rock. The proposed disposal site is on land administered by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and used primarily for livestock grazing. The final disposal site would cover approximately 57 ac (23 ha), which would be permanently transferred from the BLM to the DOE and restricted from future uses. The remedial action activities would be conducted by the DOE`s Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project. The proposed remedial action would result in the loss of approximately 162 ac (66 ha) of soils at the processing and disposal sites; however, 133 ac (55 ha) of these soils at and adjacent to the processing site are contaminated and cannot be used for other purposes. If supplemental standards are approved by the NRC and state of Colorado, approximately 112 ac (45 ha) of contaminated soils adjacent to the processing site would not be cleaned up. This area is steeply sloped. The cleanup of this contamination would have adverse environmental consequences and would be potentially hazardous to remedial action workers. Another 220 ac (89 ha) of soils would be temporarily disturbed during the remedial action. The final disposal site would result in approximately 57 ac (23 ha) being removed from livestock grazing and wildlife use.

  1. Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 135: Area 25 Underground Storage Tanks Nevada Test Site, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office

    1999-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This Corrective Action Investigation Plan (CAIP) has been developed in accordance with the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) that was agreed to by the US Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office (DOE/NV); the State of Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP); and the US Department of Defense (FFACO, 1996). The CAIP is a document that provides or references all of the specific information for investigation activities associated with Corrective Action Units (CAUs) or Corrective Action Sites (CASs). According to the FFACO, CASs are sites potentially requiring corrective action(s) and may include solid waste management units or individual disposal or release sites (FFACO, 1996). Corrective Action Units consist of one or more CASs grouped together based on geography, technical similarity, or agency responsibility for the purpose of determining corrective actions. This CAIP contains the environmental sample collection objectives and the criteria for conducting site investigation activities at CAU 135, Area 25 Underground Storage Tanks (USTs), which is located on the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The NTS is approximately 105 kilometers (km) (65 miles [mi]) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada.

  2. Socioeconomic impact of photovoltaic power at Schuchulik, Arizona. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bahr, D.; Garrett, B.G.; Chrisman, C.

    1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Schuchuli, a small remote village on the Papago Indian Reservation in southwest Arizona, is 27 kilometers (17 miles) from the nearest available utility power. In some respects, Schuchuli resembles many of the rural villages in other parts of the world. For example, it's relatively small in size (about 60 residents), composed of a number of extended family groupings, and remotely situated relative to major population centers (190 km, or 120 miles, from Tucson). Its lack of conventional power is due to the prohibitive cost of supplying a small electrical load with a long-distance distribution line. Furthermore, alternate energy sources are expensive and place a burden on the resources of the villagers. On December 16, 1978, as part of a federally funded project, a solar cell power system was put into operation at Schuchuli. The system powers the village water pump, lighting for homes ad other village buildings, family refrigerators and a communal washing machine and sewing machine. The project, managed for the US Department of Energy by the NASA Lewis Research Center, provided for a one-year socio-economic study to assess the impact of a relatively small amount of electricity on the basic living environment of the villagers. The results of that study are presented, including village history, group life, energy use in general and the use of the photovoltaic-powered appliances. No significant impacts due to the photovoltaic power system were observed.

  3. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartman, J.B.

    1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fewer wells and less footage were drilled in 1986 compared to 1985. Total drilling decreased by 23% as 217 wells were completed compared to 289 in 1985. Footage drilled during 1986 declined by 52%; about 1.3 million ft were drilled compared to about 2.7 million feet in 1985. The success rate for exploration wells of 34% during 1986 is due to considerably higher success rates in Nigeria and Gabon compared to 1985. Significant discoveries were made in Nigeria, Angola, Congo, and Gabon. Seismic acquisition was the major geophysical activity during 1986. Seismic activity (2-D and 3-D) decreased by 12% to about 230 crew-months. Total 2-D seismic kilometers recorded increased by 26% to about 82,000 km due to significant 2-D marine seismic activity in Nigeria and Angola. Surface geology, photogeology, geochemistry, gravimetry, and aeromagnetic surveys decreased compared to 1985. Total oil production in 1986 was 834 million bbl (about 2.2 million BOPD), an increase of 2%, with the most significant increased in Cameroon and Angola. The production share of OPEC countries (Nigeria and Gabon) versus non-OPEC countries increased to 72% in 1986 compared to 67% in 1985. 32 figures, 5 tables.

  4. Magnetic field gradients in solar wind plasma and geophysics periods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Bershadskii

    2006-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Using recent data obtained by Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) the pumping scale of the magnetic field gradients of the solar wind plasma has been calculated. This pumping scale is found to be equal to 24h $\\pm$ 2h. The ACE spacecraft orbits at the L1 libration point which is a point of Earth-Sun gravitational equilibrium about 1.5 million km from Earth. Since the Earth's magnetosphere extends into the vacuum of space from approximately 80 to 60,000 kilometers on the side toward the Sun the pumping scale cannot be a consequence of the 24h-period of the Earth's rotation. Vise versa, a speculation is suggested that for the very long time of the coexistence of Earth and of the solar wind the weak interaction between the solar wind and Earth could lead to stochastic synchronization between the Earth's rotation and the pumping scale of the solar wind magnetic field gradients. This synchronization could transform an original period of the Earth's rotation to the period close to the pumping scale of the solar wind magnetic field gradients.

  5. X-ray Emission from Thunderstorms and Lightning

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Joseph Dwyer

    2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    How lightning is initiated in the relatively low electric fields inside thunderclouds and how it can then propagate for tens of kilometers through virgin air are two of the great unsolved problems in the atmospheric sciences.  Until very recently it was believed that lightning was entirely a conventional discharge, involving only low-energy (a few eV) electrons.  This picture changed completely a few years ago with the discovery of intense x-ray emission from both natural cloud-to-ground lightning and rocket-triggered lightning.  This energetic emission cannot be produced by a conventional discharge, and so the presence of x-rays strongly implies that runaway breakdown plays a role in lightning processes.  During runaway breakdown, electrons are accelerated through air to nearly the speed of light by strong electric fields.  These runaway electrons then emit bremsstrahlung x-rays and gamma-rays during collisions with air.  Indeed, the x-ray and gamma-ray emission produced by runaway breakdown near the tops of thunderstorms is bright enough to be seen from outer space, 600 km away.  As a result, the physics used for decades to describe thunderstorm electrification and lightning discharges is incomplete and needs to be revisited. 

  6. Area 6 Decontamination Pond Corrective Action Unit 92 Post-Closure Inspection Annual Report for the Period January 2000-December 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. L. Traynor

    2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Area 6 Decontamination Pond, Corrective Action Unit 92, was closed in accordance with the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Part B Operational Permit (Nevada Division of Environmental Protection [NDEP, 1995]) and the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (NDEP, 1996) on May 11, 1999. Historically the Decontamination Pond was used for the disposal of partially treated liquid effluent discharged from the Decontamination Facility (Building 6-05) and the Industrial Laundry (Building 6-07) (U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office [DOE/NV], 1996). The Decontamination Pond was constructed and became operational in 1979. Releases of RCRA-regulated hazardous waste or hazardous waste constituents have not been discharged to the Decontamination Pond since 1988 (DOE/NV, 1996). The pipe connecting the Decontamination Pond and Decontamination Facility and Industrial Laundry were cut and sealed at the Decontamination Pad Oil/Water Separator in 1992. The Decontamination Pond was closed in place by installing a RCRA cover. Fencing was installed around the periphery to prevent accidental damage to the cover. Post-closure monitoring at the site consists of quarterly inspections of the RCRA cover and fencing, and a subsidence survey. Additional inspections are conducted if: Precipitation occurs in excess of 1.28 centimeters (cm) (0.50 inches [in]) in a 24-hour period, or An earthquake occurs with a magnitude exceeding 4.5 on the Richter scale within 100 kilometers (km) (62 miles [mi]) of the closure.

  7. Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 406: Area 3 Building 03-74 and Building 03-58 Under ground Discharge Points and Corrective Action Unit 429: Area 3 Building 03-55 and Area 9 Building 09-52 Underground Discharge Points, Tonopah Test Range, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DOE/NV

    1999-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This Corrective Action Investigation Plan (CAIP) has been developed in accordance with the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) that was agreed to by the US Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office (DOE/NV); the State of Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP); and the US Department of Defense (FFACO, 1996). The CAIP is a document that provides or references all of the specific information for investigation activities associated with Corrective Action Units (CAUs) or Corrective Action Sites (CASs). According to the FFACO (1996), CASs are sites potentially requiring corrective action(s) and may include solid waste management units or individual disposal or release sites. Corrective Action Units consist of one or more CASs grouped together based on geography, technical similarity, or agency responsibility for the purpose of determining corrective actions. This CAIP contains the environmental sample collection objectives and the criteria for conducting site investigation activities at the Underground Discharge Points (UDPs) included in both CAU 406 and CAU 429. The CAUs are located in Area 3 and Area 9 of the Tonopah Test Range (TTR). The TTR, included in the Nellis Air Force Range, is approximately 255 kilometers (km) (140 miles [mi]) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada.

  8. Corrective Action Decision Document for Corrective Action Unit 423: Building 03-60 Underground Discharge Point, Tonopah Test Range, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DOE /NV

    1999-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

    This Corrective Action Decision Document (CADD) has been prepared for Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 423, Building 03-60 Underground Discharge Point (UDP) in accordance with the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) of 1996 that was agreed to by the US Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office (DOE/NV); the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP); and the U.S Department of Defense (FFACO, 1996). The CADD provides or references the specific information necessary to recommend a preferred corrective action for the single Corrective Action Site (CAS), 03-02-002-0308, within CAU 423. Corrective Action Unit 423 is located at the Tonopah Test Range (TTR), Nevada. The TTR is approximately 255 kilometers (km) (140 miles[mi]) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada. The UDP is approximately 73 meters (m) (240 feet [ft]) northwest of the northwest corner of Building 03-60, the Auto Maintenance Shop. Corrective Action Unit 423 is comprised of the UDP and an associated discharge line extending from Building 03-60. The UDP received waste oil products from the Auto Maintenance Shop, a light-duty fleet maintenance shop in the Area 3 compound, from 1965 to 1989 or 1990 (DOE/NV, 1997).

  9. Emplacement of bitumen (asphalite) veins in the Nequen Basin, Argentina

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parnell, J.; Carey, P.F. [The Queen`s Univ. of Belfast (United Kingdom)

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Veins of solid bitumen (asphaltite) have been commerically exploited in the Neuquen basin, Argentina, for over 100 yr. Veins are up to 5 m wide and several kilometers in length, over a region of 15,000 km{sup 2}. These veins were emplaced in fractures both parallel and at high angles to bedding, in close proximity to their source rocks in the Vaca Muetra and Agrio formation (Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous). Two or more phases of bitumen emplacement can be recognized in several localities; structures bearing viscous oil are younger than structures having solid bitumen. Bitumen emplacement was vigorous and caused brecciation and spalling of the host rocks. The bitumen was also viscous, and supports rock debris ranging in size from sand grains up to meter-scale slabs. Brecciation, bedding-parallel injection, and wall rock impregnation suggest high fluid pressures during emplacement. High fluid pressure may have been engendered by substantial hydrocarbon generation from rich source rocks in a low-permeability sequence, and probably caused the fractures into which the bitumen migrated. The bedding-parallel veins facilitated decollement during thrusting that took place during and after bitumen emplacement. The timing of emplacement relative to thrusting and oil migration constrains bitumen emplacement to the Eocene-Oligocene.

  10. UMTRA project water sampling and analysis plan, Falls City, Texas. Revision 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Planned, routine ground water sampling activities at the US Department of Energy (DOE) Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project site near Falls City, Texas, are described in this water sampling and analysis plan (WSAP). The following plan identifies and justifies the sampling locations, analytical parameters, and sampling frequency for the routine monitoring stations at the site. The ground water data are used for site characterization and risk assessment. The regulatory basis for routine ground water monitoring at UMTRA Project sites is derived from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations in 40 CFR Part 192. Sampling procedures are guided by the UMTRA Project standard operating procedures (SOP) (JEG, n.d.), the Technical Approach Document (TAD) (DOE, 1989), and the most effective technical approach for the site. The Falls City site is in Karnes County, Texas, approximately 8 miles [13 kilometers southwest of the town of Falls City and 46 mi (74 km) southeast of San Antonio, Texas. Before surface remedial action, the tailings site consisted of two parcels. Parcel A consisted of the mill site, one mill building, five tailings piles, and one tailings pond south of Farm-to-Market (FM) Road 1344 and west of FM 791. A sixth tailings pile designated Parcel B was north of FM 791 and east of FM 1344.

  11. Environmental assessment of remedial action at the Naturita Uranium Processing Site near Naturita, Colorado. Revision 4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act (UMTRCA) of 1978, Public Law (PL) 95-604, authorized the US Department of Energy (DOE) to perform remedial action at the Naturita, Colorado, uranium processing site to reduce the potential health effects from the radioactive materials at the site and at vicinity properties associated with the site. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) promulgated standards for the UMTRCA that contain measures to control the contaminated materials and to protect groundwater quality. Remedial action at the Naturita site must be performed in accordance with these standards and with the concurrence of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the state of Colorado. The proposed remedial action for the Naturita processing site is relocation of the contaminated materials and debris to either the Dry Flats disposal site, 6 road miles (mi) [10 kilometers (km)] to the southeast, or a licensed non-DOE disposal facility capable of handling RRM. At either disposal site, the contaminated materials would be stabilized and covered with layers of earth and rock. The proposed Dry Flats disposal site is on land administered by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and used primarily for livestock grazing. The final disposal site would cover approximately 57 ac (23 ha), which would be permanently transferred from the BLM to the DOE and restricted from future uses. The remedial action would be conducted by the DOE`s Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project. This report discusses environmental impacts associated with the proposed remedial action.

  12. Remedial action plan and site design for stabilization of the inactive uranium mill tailings sites at Slick Rock, Colorado. Remedial action selection report, Appendix B

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Slick Rock uranium mill tailings sites are located near the small town of Slick Rock, in San Miguel County, Colorado. There are two designated UMTRA sites at Slick Rock, the Union Carbide (UC) site and the North Continent (NC) site. Both sites are adjacent to the Dolores River. The UC site is approximately 1 mile (mi) [2 kilometers (km)] downstream of the NC site. Contaminated materials cover an estimated 55 acres (ac) [22 hectares (ha)] at the UC site and 12 ac (4.9 ha) at the NC site. The sites contain former mill building concrete foundations, tailings piles, demolition debris, and areas contaminated by windblown and waterborne radioactive materials. The total estimated volume of contaminated materials is approximately 620, 000 cubic yards (yd{sup 3}) [470,000 cubic meters (m{sup 3})]. In addition to the contamination at the two processing site areas, four vicinity properties were contaminated. Contamination associated with the UC and NC sites has leached into groundwater.

  13. Climatology of Mid-latitude Ionospheric Disturbances from the Very Large Array Low-frequency Sky Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helmboldt, J F; Cotton, W D

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The results of a climatological study of ionospheric disturbances derived from observations of cosmic sources from the Very Large Array (VLA) Low-frequency Sky Survey (VLSS) are presented. We have used the ionospheric corrections applied to the 74 MHz interferometric data within the VLSS imaging process to obtain fluctuation spectra for the total electron content (TEC) gradient on spatial scales from a few to hundreds of kilometers and temporal scales from less than one minute to nearly an hour. The observations sample nearly all times of day and all seasons. They also span latitudes and longitudes from 28 deg. N to 40 deg. N and 95 deg. W to 114 deg. W, respectively. We have binned and averaged the fluctuation spectra according to time of day, season, and geomagnetic (Kp index) and solar (F10.7) activity. These spectra provide a detailed, multi-scale account of seasonal and intraday variations in ionospheric activity with wavelike structures detected at wavelengths between about 35 and 250 km. In some cases,...

  14. Miocene reef facies of Pelagian Block, central Mediterranean

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pedley, H.M.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Miocene reefs outcrop in the Maltese Islands, southeastern Sicily, and the pelagian island of Lampedusa. Several rapid eustatic sea level fluctuations affected these late Tortonian-early Messinian build-ups; normal salinities appear to have been maintained during these events. Substrate, topography, sedimentation rate, and tectonic/eustatic events controlled reef development, which can be grouped into three settings: The most stable situation, the oldest Maltese and southeastern Sicilian reefs, has a ramp profile 15-30 km wide. The outermost zone consists of a broad belt of the large benthic foraminifer Heterostegina (compared with the underyling Oligocene beds rich in Lepidocyclina). Coralline algal carbonates, commonly rhodolitic, form a broad biostromal up-ramp association, kilometers in width, which commonly extends into the shallowest parts of the shelf. Scattered across the shallower ramp areas, in water depths generally less than 10 m, are coral-algal patch reefs, rarely larger than 20-50 m in diameter, commonly with truncated tops, and dominated by crustose coralline algae and the corals Porites and Tarbellastraea.

  15. Universit degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza" CF 80209930587 PI 02133771002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guidoni, Leonardo

    e diritto allo studio Servizi agli studenti Internazionalizzazione Contabilità, finanza e che fanno parte del sistema Carta Verde. Il costo complessivo per KM percorso è pari ad 0

  16. The shallow geologic features of the upper continental slope, northern Gulf of Mexico 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buck, Arvo Viktor

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    region of the upper continental slope in the Gulf of Mexico lying immediately west of the Mississippi Trough (Fig. 1). water depths range from 150 m (500 ft) to a maximum of 1200 m (4000 ft). The area is centered on 28 00'N, 90'30'W, with the eastern... extremity being the western margin of the Mississippi Trough. The area is approximately 155 km by 55 km (96 mi by 33 mi) in size. The seismic data within the region were collected along lines of a 6. 4 km by 6. 4 km grid. +30~ 88' 0/I, ' oo goo ooo...

  17. al4o2cl102 oxide species: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in the surrounding 5 km. We predicted that species richness would increase with park size and that species richness and evenness would decrease with development. Species...

  18. Benthic Assemblage Variability in the Upper San Francisco Estuary: A 27-Year Retrospective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, Heather A; Vayssieres, Marc

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    which lead from the Pacific Ocean to an inland river delta,San Joaquin River Pacific Ocean 10 m 16 km Water Export

  19. Revision of Ufens Girault, 1911 (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owen, Albert K.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and D. Khalu (1 ). Western Australia: Nambung NP, Hangoversavanna scrub (1 ). Western Australia: Erskine Conservationforest (1 ). Western Australia: 10 km N of Kununurra,

  20. The chemical-in-plug bacterial chemotaxis assay is prone to false positive responses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jun; Go, Alvin C; Ward, Mandy J; Ottemann, Karen M

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    pathogenicity island of Helicobacter pylori, encodes type I-mouse model of Helicobacter pylori infection: IntroducingKM, Lowenthal A: Helicobacter pylori uses motility for both

  1. E-Print Network 3.0 - aerobraking orbital transfer Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    -polar, 400-km mapping orbit by early 1998. Aerobraking caused undue flexure of a solar panel and was halted... . These were the aerobraking assessment passes 20-36...

  2. Physics Potential of the gamma=100,100 Beta Beam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Mezzetto

    2005-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The physics potential of a Beta Beam fired from CERN to a 440 kton water Cerenkov detector at a distance of 130 Km is computed.

  3. Slide 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    a 803 km 2 (310 square mile) industrial complex operated by the Department of Energy. Study area selection criteria: * potential for large contiguous high quality basin * known or...

  4. Tendencias poblacionales recientes y distribucin de aves estepricas en las Islas Canarias orientales.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrascal, Luis M.

    de su distribución a escala de 1x1 km2. #12;· Este proyecto se nutre de los inventarios y programas

  5. Outage Performance of Double Stratospheric Platforms Diversity Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    /stratospheric platforms (HAPs) are either airships or planes that operate in the stratosphere, 17-22km above the ground [1

  6. Hydrogeological study and modeling of the Kern Water Bank

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meillier, Laurent M; Clark, Jordan F; Loaiciga, Hugo

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the early 1970's, when Tenneco West Inc. performed limitedthe KWB (Figure 1). When Tenneco offered for sale 186 km 2

  7. Sustaining knowledge in the neutron generator community and benchmarking study.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barrentine, Tameka C.; Kennedy, Bryan C.; Saba, Anthony W.; Turgeon, Jennifer L.; Schneider, Julia Teresa; Stubblefield, William Anthony; Baldonado, Esther

    2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2004, the Responsive Neutron Generator Product Deployment department embarked upon a partnership with the Systems Engineering and Analysis knowledge management (KM) team to develop knowledge management systems for the neutron generator (NG) community. This partnership continues today. The most recent challenge was to improve the current KM system (KMS) development approach by identifying a process that will allow staff members to capture knowledge as they learn it. This 'as-you-go' approach will lead to a sustainable KM process for the NG community. This paper presents a historical overview of NG KMSs, as well as research conducted to move toward sustainable KM.

  8. Pre-seismic, co-seismic and post-seismic displacements associated with the Bhuj 2001 earthquake derived from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilham, Roger

    of approx- imately 10 mm/yr across the Rann of Kachchh. Motion of a single point at Jamnagar 150 km south

  9. avhrr seasonal land: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    unsupervised classi ? cation of 1 km monthly Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) Normalized Di ? erence Vegetation Index (NDVI) composites covering...

  10. Relationships in Areal Variability: The Ross Sea Polynya and Ice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, Jason Michael

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    wind intensity, the offshore winds are better able to advectimpact offshore propagation of katabatic wind, and thereforeKatabatic winds normally reach 10 to 20 km offshore (Kurtz

  11. The shallow geologic features of the upper continental slope, northern Gulf of Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buck, Arvo Viktor

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    region of the upper continental slope in the Gulf of Mexico lying immediately west of the Mississippi Trough (Fig. 1). water depths range from 150 m (500 ft) to a maximum of 1200 m (4000 ft). The area is centered on 28 00'N, 90'30'W, with the eastern... extremity being the western margin of the Mississippi Trough. The area is approximately 155 km by 55 km (96 mi by 33 mi) in size. The seismic data within the region were collected along lines of a 6. 4 km by 6. 4 km grid. +30~ 88' 0/I, ' oo goo ooo...

  12. age xenocrystic zircons: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    zircon age populations suggest that deposition of the extensive 1 km-thick clastic sequence at the base of the cover succession commenced in latest Neoproterozoic and terminated...

  13. ash deposition propensities: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Environments (>3.5 km), banded iron, volcanic ashes Summary diagrams available Clastic depositional environments Harbor, David 57 Ash Dump Site Manager: EHS&RM Biology and...

  14. Novel use of 4D Monitoring Techniques to Improve Reservoir Longevity...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of resistivity changes within the survey area * 2 components of the MTCSEM array design. - 6 long-duration MTCSEM receivers for continuous monitoring, 9km long - 75...

  15. On scale and magnitude of pressure build-up induced by large-scale geologic storage of CO2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Q.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    produced water from production of crude oil, natural gas,combined U.S. production rate of crude oil (0.3 km 3 ) and

  16. Microbial communities acclimate to recurring changes in soil...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    adapted to fluctuating redox potential. Citation: DeAngelis KM, W Silver, A Thompson, and MK Firestone.2010."Microbial communities acclimate to recurring changes in soil...

  17. Section Based Program Analysis to Reduce Overhead of Detecting Unsynchronized Thread Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Madan Mohan

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    fft lu radix histogram kmeans matrix multiply pca reversefft lu radix histogram kmeans matrix multiply 1 pca reversePhoenix histogram (hi), kmeans (km), linear regression (lr),

  18. A proposed mechanism for control of capillary network perfusion : the role of endothelial mechanotransduction through nitric oxide signaling and the glycocalyx

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scheidler, Nicholas Michael

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    yPoints’; yPoints’; yPoints’; %Kmeans clusters the averageto ’k-m manual’ idx1 = kmeans(avgY’, Clusters, ’dist’, ’

  19. Runtime Support For Maximizing Performance on Multicore Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pusukuri, Kishore Kumar

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SPEC OMP; SPEC JBB2005 ; kmeans and pca from Phoenix . TheOMP [11]; and five programs kmeans (KM), pca (PCA), matrix-

  20. Surface corelevel shifts of clean and oxygencovered Ru''0001... S. Lizzit, A. Baraldi, and A. Groso

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Groso Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., S.S. 14 Km 163.5, 34012 Trieste, Italy K. Reuter, M. V. Ganduglia

  1. Surface and bulk contribution to Cu(111) quantum efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedersoli, Emanuele

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fisica, Universit` degli studi di Trieste, Piazzale Europa1, I-34127 Trieste aSincrotrone Trieste S.p.A. Strada Statale 14, km 163.5, I-

  2. Geological Problems in Radioactive Waste Isolation: Second Worldwide Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    salt beds; 2 preliminary boreholes for the shafts Gorleben I and Gorleben 2; 156 km of seismic profiles; 145 investigation drillings

  3. Mother nature as a wire manufacturer | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Reference: Breuer M, P Zarzycki, Jochen Blumberger, and KM Rosso. 2012. "Thermodynamics of Electron Flow in the Bacterial Deca-heme Cytochrome MtrF." Journal of the...

  4. -7000-6500-6000-5500-5000-4500-4000-3500-3000-2500-2000-1500 -500 0 200 400 600 1000 1500 3500 7000 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becker, Thorsten W.

    topography m 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 hypocenter depth km open vectors

  5. Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) comparing water with CO2 as heat transmission fluids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pruess, Karsten

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Clay Swelling in a Fractured Geothermal Reservoir,Transactions, Geothermal Resources Council, Vol. 28, pp.the 5-km Deep Enhanced Geothermal Reservoir at Soultz-sous-

  6. Krylov Subspace Methods that Are Based on the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John, Volker

    of Krylov subspace methods, the computation of an orthonormal basis of Km(q1, A) is called Arnoldi's5 method

  7. atmospheric emitted radiance: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    mesoscales (wavelengths of 64-957 km) were obtained potential energy by differential solar heating. This is converted to eddy available potential energy 11 The horizontal...

  8. Microbial Diversity-Based Novel Crop Protection Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yalpani, Ronald Flannagan, Rafael Herrmann, James Presnail, Tamas Torok, and Nasser

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    km “exclusion zone” in Chernobyl (ChEZ), Ukraine. Over the ysites in the USA, the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone surroundingkm “Exclusion Zone” in Chernobyl, Ukraine. These environmen

  9. Compte-rendu Mission GPS Re-mesure Rgions III-Nord / II-Taltal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vigny, Christophe

    Esmeralda côte -25,87900 -70,69700 67 Delmont 0,0440 0,0440 ZX ZE1200452010 GD-IV 8919 ESM1 Esmeralda 10km

  10. Seismic refraction studies in the southwestern Gulf of Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swolfs, Henri Samuel

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    beneath the Campec:he Basin to a mini!!turn of 23 km under the Bexican continental slope. The "oceanic" crustal layer, ! hose velocity ranges from 6. 7 to 7. 0 km/sec, thickens from 3. 5 km to at le-st 9. 5 km in the direction of the mexican coast...!ainland. The shoreline on tl. e west follows + + + + 4+ I + 0 VLF + 0 F + ME I I + 0 0 + 'q / I / +I I O) Tat ICC IISI T BAY CA MP + M-5 OF i CBZ + / a j + '+ i/ /+ + + +9- / C~~ + Fig. l. Index msp of the Gulf of Mexico showing...

  11. Earth Sci. Res. J. Vol. 10, No. 2 (December 2006): 57-65 DISSIMILARITY-BASED CLASSIFICATION OF SEISMIC SIGNALS AT NEVADO DEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duin, Robert P.W.

    Procesamiento Digital de Señales, Campus La Nubia, km 7 vía al Magdalena, Manizales, Colombia. 2 INGEOMINAS

  12. Electrostatic Potential of Specific Mineral Faces. | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    interactions, and in testing surface complexation theories. Citation: Zarzycki PP, SME Chatman, T Preocanin, and KM Rosso.2011."Electrostatic Potential of Specific Mineral...

  13. Effect of Surface Site Interactions on Potentiometric Titration...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    accumulation behavior on single crystal faces of metal oxide minerals. Citation: Chatman SME, PP Zarzycki, T Preocanin, and KM Rosso.2013."Effect of Surface Site Interactions on...

  14. Inner-Helmholtz Potential Development at the Hematite (alpha...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    used to predict inner-Helmholtz potentials of hematite electrodes. Citation: Boily JF, SME Chatman, and KM Rosso.2011."Inner-Helmholtz Potential Development at the Hematite...

  15. Networked Robotic Sensor Platform Deployments for use in Coastal Environmental Assessment in Southern California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sensing Networked Robotic Sensor Platform Deployments forGaurav S. Sukhatme 1 Robotic Embedded Systems Laboratory,~4 wks) Collaborative robotic sensing Slow moving (<1km/hr)

  16. Numerical Modeling of Transient Basin and Range Extensional Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    behavior of basin and range extensionalgeothermal systems, and particularly, the evolution ofthe system temperature with time. Each modelconsists of two mountain ranges (1 km...

  17. Graphics for Lunar Phenomena 2013 Sept 18

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaudi, B. Scott

    ;Penumbra Sun Earth Umbra #12;Sunlight Umbra Penumbra Moon Earth #12;Moon at Perigee a(1-e) = 363,000 km

  18. Graphics for Lunar Phenomena 2014 Sept 26

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaudi, B. Scott

    ;Penumbra Sun Earth Umbra #12;Sunlight Umbra Penumbra Moon Earth #12;Moon at Perigee a(1-e) = 363,000 km

  19. 2.8-Ma Ash-Flow Caldera At Chegem River In The Northern Caucasus...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Erosional remnants of the outflow Chegem Tuff sheet extend at least 50 km north from the source caldera in the upper Chegem River. These outflow remnants were previously...

  20. Diesel Particulate Filters: Market Introducution in Europe

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    km) PM (gkm) EURO 4 Vehicle NOx and PM Emissions EURO 3 EURO 4 DPF equipped Vehicles * Combustion chamber * Fuel injection system * EGR control DPF Passenger cars DEER...

  1. The University of Luxembourg at a Glance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Torre, Leon

    a new home on the Belval brownfield site in the Cité des Sciences, about 20 km southwest of the capital

  2. ams radiocarbon dating: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and 390 km, on board of the space shuttle Discovery (flight STS-91). AMS-01 included an Aerogel Threshold Cherenkov counter (ATC) to separate antiprotons from electrons and...

  3. ams radiocarbon analysis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and 390 km, on board of the space shuttle Discovery (flight STS-91). AMS-01 included an Aerogel Threshold Cherenkov counter (ATC) to separate antiprotons from electrons and...

  4. ams radiocarbon measurements: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and 390 km, on board of the space shuttle Discovery (flight STS-91). AMS-01 included an Aerogel Threshold Cherenkov counter (ATC) to separate antiprotons from electrons and...

  5. Modelling Wind in the Electricity Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neuhoff, Karsten; Cust, J; Keats, Kim

    ). For a HVDC “grid” concept scheme, the cost estimate rises to between €2500m and €3400m. Neuhoff (2001) estimates the cost of a new interconnection to be between €190,000/km and €500,000/km with additional converter costs of around €57m... environmental impacts of transmission expansions and the trade offs between onshore and offshore transmission lines in the planning process. € Harmer 2GW (offshore) Harmer HVDC (offshore) Neuhoff (onshore) 200km 1170m 2500m 700km 2500m 3400m...

  6. Development and use of a standard treadmill exercise test for the comparison of different conditioning schedules in the horse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pearson, Susan Carol

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in inten- sity of forced exercise for a 28-day conditioning period--(1) low intensity, a trot (3. 62 km at 11 km/hr); (2) moderate intensity, a gallop (3. 62 km at ZZ km/hr) and (3) control, no forced exercise. All horses were given the standard.... , 1972) and in trotters (Marshland 1968; Lindholm and Saltin 1974). Ehrlein et al, (1973) observed that the heart rate of horses continued to increase throughout a period of continual trotting or galloping. They suggest that the rise is not simply due...

  7. Finite generators for countable group actions; Finite index pairs of equivalence relations; Complexity measures for recursive programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tserunyan, Anush

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    see [KM04] for the definition and theory of cost). Morebasic definitions and notation of the theory of definableand recursion theory. The following definition makes precise

  8. Automobile Fuel; Economy and CO2 Emissions in Industrialized Countries: Troubling Trends through 2005/6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    s Commitment on CO2 Emission Reductions from Passenger Cars.is a small extra reduction in CO2 emissions per km due to a

  9. An Eclipsing Binary through the double looking glass of Kepler and Keck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Militzer, Burkhard

    variations on the light curve, and to compare these methods of finding masses. We found... F5 + G8 F5 (92 km/s) G8 (-140 km/s) Mg triplet We found a reasonably good library spectrum to fit the primary (by eye) and estimated the temperature ratio from the light curve to derive a G8 secondary. We cross

  10. NATIONAL RADIO ASTRONOMY OBSERVATORY POST OFFICE BOX 2 GREEN BANK, WEST VIRGINIA 24944-0002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Groppi, Christopher

    Library ER Library Library Downtown VIA Library R. Lacasse IR Library Library Mountain P. Napier R. Weimer the last couple of years working with optical fibers. Fibers Two types of fiber are used on site. Both. A Fiber type 50/125 graded index - multimode. 6 6 dB/km attenuation. Bandwidth - 200 MHz - km. Wavelength

  11. THE CRYOGENIC SYSTEM OF TESLA S. Wolff, DESY, Notkestr. 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE CRYOGENIC SYSTEM OF TESLA S. Wolff, DESY, Notkestr. 85, 22607 Hamburg, Germany for the TESLA collaboration Abstract TESLA, a 33 km long 500 GeV centre-of-mass energy superconducting linear collider The 33 km long e+ e- linear collider TESLA (Tera eV Energy Superconductiong Linear Accelerator) with 500

  12. Geophysical interpretation of the PASSCAL Ouachita experiment: southern part

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Wen-Kung

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    whereas tsvo-dimensional gravity modeling is used to constrain the resulting sismic model. The final model has the follosving major features: (1) Tertiary-Cretaceous sediments consist of four layers with a range of velocity from 1. 9 km/s to 4. 1 km...

  13. Larval transport during winter in the SABRE study area: results of a coupled vertical larval behaviourthree-dimensional

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

    to examine large-scale (4104 km) larval transport in the North Atlantic (Bartsch and Coombs, 1997) and North Sea (Bartsch, 1993), as well as meso-scale (103 ±104 km) larval trans- port in the German Bight (Bartsch and Knust, 1994), on Georges Bank (Werner et al., 1993), and in the Gulf of Alaska (Hermann et al

  14. Forecas(ng ash-fall Impacts from a Yellowstone Supererup(on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhoads, James

    ) magma Tephra deposit1 1Scollo et al., 2007, JVGR, 160:147-164 a 1 km A sphere a normal ver(cal erup(on (9 AM-6 PM) Plume height of 13-17 km 9 hour dura and Mud, Univ. Washington Press, Searle, pp 1089-1116 1:40 PM 2:40 PM 3:40 PM

  15. IEEE Transactions on Man, Machine, and cybernetics-Part C (SMC-C), Vol. 31, No. 4, Pages 509-517, November 2001 Stages of Autonomy Determination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hexmoor, Henry

    determination for software agents that manage and manipulate knowledge in organizations that house other--multiagent systems, autonomy I. INTRODUCTION Knowledge management (KM) focuses on the processes for promoting, growing, communicating, and preserving knowledge [16, 19]. In organizations, it is desirable that KM works

  16. Event Rates for Off Axis NuMI Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Viren

    2006-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Neutrino interaction rates for experiments placed off axis in the NuMI beam are calculated. Primary proton beam energy is 120 GeV and four locations at 810 km from target and 6, 12, 30 and 40 km off axis are considered. This report is part of the Joint FNAL/BNL Future Long Baseline Neutrino Oscillation Experiment Study.

  17. Citation: K. Nakamura et al. (Particle Data Group), JPG 37, 075021 (2010) (URL: http://pdg.lbl.gov) Neutrino Mixing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    accelerator experiments. Some neutrino oscillation experiments compare the flux in two or more detectors power reactors. 7 BOEHM 01 search for neutrino oscillations at 0.75 and 0.89 km distance from the Palo Verde reactors. 8 APOLLONIO 99, APOLLONIO 98 search for neutrino oscillations at 1.1 km fixed dis- tance

  18. ATOC 3500/CHEM 3151 Spring 2014 Stratospheric Ozone Destruction in the "Ozone Hole"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    ATOC 3500/CHEM 3151 Spring 2014 Problem 15 Stratospheric Ozone Destruction in the "Ozone Hole" The figure below shows typical observations of the total amount of ozone in a layer of air 8 km thick between 12 and 20 km over the South Pole (recall that we like to express the `thickness of ozone

  19. Potential for meeting the EU new passenger car CO? emissions targets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhatt, Kandarp

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2009, the European Parliament agreed to limit the CO2 emissions from new passenger cars sold in the European Union to an average of 130g/km by 2015. Further, a probable longer-term CO2 emissions target of 95g/km is ...

  20. Effect of shear rupture on aggregate scale formation in sea ice Alexander V. Wilchinsky,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feltham, Daniel

    is governed by Coulomb's criterion. The ice pack is a 400 km long square domain consisting of 4 km size floesEffect of shear rupture on aggregate scale formation in sea ice Alexander V. Wilchinsky,1 Daniel L; published 2 October 2010. [1] A discrete element model is used to study shear rupture of sea ice under

  1. Energetic ion precipitation at Titan T. E. Cravens,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    species [Waite et al., 2005]. Solar radiation and energetic plasma from Saturn's magnetosphere ionize the neutral atmosphere and create an ionosphere at altitudes above about 800 km [Bird et al., 1997; Wahlund et an iono- sphere at very low altitudes [Bird et al., 1997]. The creation of an ionosphere below 1000 km

  2. The Secretariat for International Forestry Issues SIFI NewSleTTer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is a major direct cause of deforestation. as part of the Ini- tiative for South american regional Infrastructure Integration (IIrSa) ­ over the next decade, 880 km of new highways and 2000 km of paved roads on the Development and Use of Natural Resources. In early may, the american think tank the rights and resources

  3. Topography affected landscape fire history patterns in southern Arizona, USA Jose M. Iniguez a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Topography affected landscape fire history patterns in southern Arizona, USA Jose M. Iniguez a frequent surface fires burned in forests of the western United States prior to Euro-American settlement influenced by stand (0.1­1 km2 ) and landscape (1­10 km2 ) scale topography. Such knowledge would inform

  4. Dept. of Ocean and Resources Engineering School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) Only Indian and Pacific Ocean GlobalEEZ100km from shorelineAtlantic OceanIndo-Pacific #12;OTEC MODELINGDept. of Ocean and Resources Engineering School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology of deep layers, Increase in THC strength 1) Global 2) EEZ 3)100km from Shoreline 4) Only Atlantic Ocean 5

  5. 5, 1012510154, 2005 Size distributions of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ·veh). The separation of the emission factor into passenger cars20 ((5.8±2)·1013 #/(km·veh)) and trucks ((2.5±0.9)·1015 #/(km·veh)) yielded in a 40-times higher emission factor for trucks compared to passenger cars. 1ACPD 5, 10125­10154, 2005 Size distributions of soot particles and emission factors D. Rose et al

  6. Pleistocene ice and paleo-strain rates at Taylor Glacier, Antarctica S.M. Aciego a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Severinghaus, Jeffrey P.

    Pleistocene ice and paleo-strain rates at Taylor Glacier, Antarctica S.M. Aciego a , K.M. Cuffey b September 2006 Abstract Ice exposed in ablation zones of ice sheets can be a valuable source of samples for paleoclimate studies and information about long-term ice dynamics. We report a 28-km long stable isotope

  7. Community structure of deep-sea bivalve mollusks from the northern Gulf of Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Min

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Density, species diversity, species richness, and evenness of bivalve mollusks were measured in the deep (0.2km to 3.7km) northern Gulf of Mexico to describe the community structure of benthic bivalve mollusks. Density decreased gradually from...

  8. J. Geodynamics Vol. 20, No. 4, 417-428, 1995pp. Copyright Q 1995 Elsevier Science Ltd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tackley, Paul J.

    rapid flushing of cold upper mantle material down to the base of the lower mantle. The phase change that the endothermic phase change from spine1 to perovskite and magnesiowiistite at a depth of 660 km has on mantle phase change from olivine to spine1 at a depth of 400 km in the mantle mitigates the effects

  9. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 5, 727732, 2005 SRef-ID: 1684-9981/nhess/2005-5-727

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    into operation in a site (AS) located in central Italy. One of the broadcasting stations selected is MCO (f =216 kHz), located in southeast France, 518 km far from the receiver. The MCO data col- lected since- mogenic zone located 30 km far from the AS receiver along the path MCO-AS. In this paper, the possibility

  10. PROPAGATION OF ELF WAVES GENERATED BY AN HF IONOSPHERIC HEATER IN THE EARTH'S PLASMA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (HAARP) transmitter array is used to generate ELF waves. The HAARP array generates ELF waves by heating generated by HAARP were detected by the DEMETER satellite at an altitude of 670 km. In additionV·m-1 at 2 kHz. In Region 2, which can extend up to 300 km laterally from HAARP, it is believed

  11. STA 414/2104 Mar 25, 2010 k-means clustering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reid, Nancy

    STA 414/2104 Mar 25, 2010 k-means clustering km15 = kmeans(x[g==0,],5) km25 = kmeans(x[g==1(mark kmeans with 5 cluster 4 -2-10123 kmeans with 2 cluster centers x1 x2 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 -2-10123 kmeans with 5 cluster

  12. Electronic Structure of CeFeAsO1-xFx (x=0, 0.11/x=0.12) compounds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bondino, F.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Laboratorio TASC, Basovizza-Trieste, S.S. 14 km 163.5, I-I-00146 Roma Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A Area Science Park-S.S. 14 km 163.5, I-34149 Trieste, Italy CNR-INFM, National

  13. Seismic Ground Motions from a Bolide Shock Wave Charles A. Langston

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langston, Charles A.

    -surface layer with low P wave (~0.25 km/s) and S wave (~0.125 km/s) velocities consistent with previously published profiling results in unconsolidated Mississippi embayment sediments. Ground motions are generally/04/2003 ~3:50 UT). Some observers also reported that the bolide was accompanied by a sonic boom and residents

  14. DESIGN OF A FAILED LANDFILL SLOPE By: Timothy D. Stark, W. Douglas Evans-, and Paul E. Sherry'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DESIGN OF A FAILED LANDFILL SLOPE 1 ~) ~ ~ By: Timothy D. Stark, W. Douglas Evans-, and Paul E solid waste landfill in which lateral displacements of up to 900 ft (275 m) and vertical settlements municipal solid waste landfill occupies 135 acres (546 km 2 ) approximately 9 miles (15.3 km) n

  15. Can the transition zone test the Plate and Plume hypotheses? Gillian R. Foulger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foulger, G. R.

    Can the transition zone test the Plate and Plume hypotheses? Gillian R. Foulger Dept. Earth wave-speed anomalies above, within and below the transition zone. The Plate model, in contrast and on into the transition zone, but rarely, if ever, deeper and through the 660-km discontinuity. The 410-km discontinuity

  16. Fates of Eroded Soil Organic Carbon: Mississippi Basin Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, S. V.; Sleezer, R. O.; Renwick, W. H.; Buddemeier, Robert W.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have developed a mass balance analysis of organic carbon (OC) across the five major river subsystems of the Mississippi (MS) Basin (an area of 3.2 3 106 km2). This largely agricultural landscape undergoes a bulk soil erosion rate of ;480 t·km22...

  17. I -3 Structure interne de la Terre Transition Ol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grigné, Cécile

    I - 3 Structure interne de la Terre · Transition Ol 410 -- Ol : - pente de Clapeyron "dP dT " 410 positive - transition exothermique · Transition Ol 660 -- Ol : - pente de Clapeyron "dP dT " 660 négative - transition endothermique 410km 660km pérovskite + magnésiowustite olivine olivine olivine C.Grign´e - M2

  18. A comparison of the cranial morphology of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in the Gulf of Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Jason Phillip

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for animals from offshore environments to strand inside either area. Matagorda Bay is located at approximately 28'40' N, 95'50' W, about 160 km south of Galveston, Texas, while Sarasota Bay is located 48 km south of Tampa Bay, Florida, at approximately 27...

  19. Helium Isotopic Textures in Earth's Upper Mantle David W. Graham a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graham, David W.

    Helium Isotopic Textures in Earth's Upper Mantle David W. Graham a , Barry B. Hanan b , Christophe of variability represent a description of helium isotopic texture. We utilize four complementary methods (~100 km) mantle flow, and by sampling during the partial melting process (~30 km). Keywords: helium

  20. Observational evidence of an intensifying hydrological cycle in northern Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dery, Stephen

    Observational evidence of an intensifying hydrological cycle in northern Canada Stephen J. De´ry,1 for 45 rivers spanning 5.2 � 106 km2 of northern Canada are investigated. Discharge averages 1153 km3 yr of northern Canada, excluding some rivers with outlets to the Labrador Sea and eastern James Bay

  1. Glacier volume and area change by 2050 in high mountain Asia Liyun Zhao a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, John

    Glacier volume and area change by 2050 in high mountain Asia Liyun Zhao a , Ran Ding a , John C change by 2050 of all 67,028 glaciers, with a total area of 122,969 km2 , delineated in the Randolph Glacier Inventory 2.0 of high mountain Asia (HMA). We used the 25 km resolution regional climate model Reg

  2. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 1984, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    requires the design and implementation of local storm water management plans, and many communities. In New Hampshire the poor performance of current storm water management is demonstrated by the fact- ventional best management practices (BMPs). The 21-km2 Great Bay Estuary is fed by a 2,400-km2 watershed. I

  3. Crawford et al.32 32 Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, Wayne

    and White, 2001; Fruehn et al., 2001; Martini and Bean, 2001; Hobbs, 2002; Fliedner and White, 2003; White to sub-basalt sediments almost everywhere where the water depth is greater than 0.9 km and in some if the water depth is 1 km or more. For the same water depths, if the depth limits of the sub-basalt sediments

  4. For more information on Cambridge titles, please visit our website: www.cambridge.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawson, Jeff W.

    of LIPs' influence on natural resources such as mineral deposits, petroleum and aquifers. This is a one of LIPs 16. LIPs and implications for mineral, hydrocarbon and water resources #12;,000 km3, and often above 1 million km3. They are linked to continental break-up, global environmental

  5. National governments are on the verge of launching public policies that aim at promoting the introduction of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    /Battery Characteristics Compact Sedane CV Petrol CV Diesel EV CV Diesel EV Reference Vehicle Renault CLIO Renault CLIO emission (g/km) 129 115 0 120 0 Power (kW) 74 50 60 81 70 Petrol usage (l/100km) 7,6 5,3 - 6

  6. The Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS): Development for Parallel Processing Computer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cirne, Walfredo

    on the mesoscale (horizontal scales from 2 km to 2000 km) for purposes ranging from operational weather forecasting and simulating convective clouds, mesoscale convective systems, cirrus clouds, and precipitating weather systems models that had a great deal of overlap, the CSU cloud/mesoscale mode (Tripoli and Cotton, 1982

  7. General Motors Perspective Dr.-Ing.Wolfgang Oelerich

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    carbon fiber composite vessels Range: 320 km Over 2.5 million km (1.5 million miles) More than 19 measures to increase effective composite strength: Materials: fiber strength variability, translation Tank cost sources: Carbon fiber 40%, other 60% Hydrogen storage system costs are linear in Hydrogen

  8. Mitochondrial-DNA variation and the evolutionary affinities of the Peromyscus maniculatus complex from western North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Mindy Lynn

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    (Mexico: Baja California del Norte: Vallecitos (VLL, n=26); Laguna Hanson, Sierra Juarez (LH, n=29); 16mi S, 5mi E, or 8mi S, 9mi E Valle de Trinidad (VDT, n=31); 3km SW Colonio Vicente Guerrero (CVG, n=3); Mision San Fernando (MSF, n=1); 27 km S Punta...

  9. High-resolution imaging of lowermost mantle structure under the Cocos plate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garnero, Ed

    ] Broadband seismic shear waves are analyzed to investigate the fine-velocity structure in the lowermost in an approximately 700 km long north-south corridor, roughly 150 km wide. Application of a simplified seismic mantle, (2) the birth of an upwelling beneath a recumbent slab, or (3) chemical layering in this region

  10. Gravity modeling of the Song Hong basin: an insight into its crustal structure and implication for the formation of the basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Vu Giang

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    3-D gravity inversion and rift stretching models are used in the Song Hong basin to determine the general configuration of the upper mantle and the mechanism for its formation in the region. The basin approximately 200 km wide by 600 km in length...

  11. Neofusicoccum eucalyptorum, a Eucalyptus pathogen, on native Myrtaceae in Uruguay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neofusicoccum eucalyptorum, a Eucalyptus pathogen, on native Myrtaceae in Uruguay C. A. Pe. Cassinoni', Ruta 3, km 363, Paysandu´, Uruguay; c Department of Genetics, Forestry and Agricultural Investigacio´n Agropecuaria (INIA), Ruta 48, km 10, Canelones, Uruguay Neofusicoccum eucalyptorum is a canker

  12. THE CHARACTERIZATION OF SEISMIC AND INFRASOUND SIGNALS FROM MINING EXPLOSIONS a) Explosion Source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stump, Brian W.

    MORENCIDATA TXARDATA Natural Gas Explosion and Burn in New Mexico 19 August 2000 180 km NE of site No Seismic at TXAR T. Wallace Natural Gas Explosion and Burn in New Mexico T. Wallace Ft. Hancock Infrasound ~ 180 km are illustrated below. Type 1 - Coal overburden casting (Black Thunder) where explosions are designed to expose

  13. Walkability Planning in Jakarta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lo, Ria S. Hutabarat

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    km 2 (494 sq mi) 7,315 km 2 (2,824 sq mi) 134–181 ppl/ha (54–73 ppl/acre)148–156 ppl/ha (60–63 ppl/acre) 33 ppl/ha (13 ppl/acre)

  14. Steroid estrogens in ocean sediments 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Braga, O.; Smythe, G.A.; Schäfer, Andrea; Feitz, A.J.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    were taken adjacent and 7 km from the outfall. All samples contained steroid estrogens at nanogram per gram levels with higher concentrations at the 7 km sampling site. The concentration of estrone ranged from (0.16–1.17 ng/g), 17?-estradiol (0.22–2...

  15. glacial-scale enrichment would result in an air-to-sea flux of about 4.6 mol C m 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    an area of 225 km2 . Iron infusions in the north patch of 631 kg and 450 kg were repeated on 16 January, with repeated infusions on 29 January, 1 February, and 5 Feb- ruary. Each infusion involved 315 kg spread over a 225 km2 area. For both patches, initial iron infusions were supple- mented with infusions of SF6 and 3

  16. DOI 10.1007/s10546-005-7772-y Boundary-Layer Meteorology (2006) 118: 477501 Springer 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ribes, Aurélien

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    radial velocity measurements on a 6-km radius area in the lowest 3 km of the troposphere. Thus the urban effects appear to be negligible. Keywords: Atmospheric boundary layer, Doppler lidar, Numerical the Marseille area are compared to the Doppler lidar data, for which the spatial res- olution is comparable

  17. Indian Journal of Marine Sciences VoL 35(2), June 2006, pp. 139-152

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raman, Sethu

    around 120 to Indian Ocean Experiment (INDOEX) was conducted 150 km while the inland penetration breeze circulation along the west COllst of India during the Indian Ocean Experiment (1999 showed the extent of the sea breeze over the ocean to be 200 km. A mesoscale numerical model was used 10

  18. -122 -120 -118 -116 -114 Centroid Moment Tensor (CMT) Solution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Po

    /50/48.07 -116.0498 34.7232 2.25 km 5.50 km 3.68 3.93 125/ 77/-166 32/ 76/ -13 0 1 2 3 4 5 NumberofSeismograms 0

  19. Analysis of a model of phosphorus uptake by plant roots Myriam Comte Jean-Michel Coron Sergio Guerrero

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    fertilizer, readily available sources of phosphate rocks could be depleted in as little as 60-90 years regulation. Adequate phosphorus nutrition stimulates early plant growth and hastens maturity. P is one Km +c for c [0,+) , Fm > 0 , Km > 0, ­ R represents additional optional source/sink terms

  20. OMPS SDR Release, Beta Data Quality Recommended Cautions for Data Users

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    will be at the Ångstrom level. 4. While the OMPS NP South Atlantic Anomaly (SAA) flag is working well in identifying, from one 250×250 KM2 FOV to twenty-five 50×50KM2 FOVs. Currently only the first cross-track by first

  1. High-resolution estimates of lithospheric thickness from Missouri to Massachusetts, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Lee, Suzan

    -dimensional (3-D) model, NA00, of the S-velocity of the upper mantle beneath North America. The model differs. The seismic lithosphere is 180 km thick below Missouri and Illinois, 200 km thick below Indiana, Ohio by fitting the waveforms of broadband seismic S and surface waves recorded by the MOMA array and inverting

  2. Post-rift seaward downwarping at passive margins: new insights from southern Oman using stratigraphy to constrain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with nonunique rock-cooling paths and uncertainties in geothermal gradients. This further affects estimates-to-scarp denudation depth of ~1.75 km and a geothermal gradient of ~33 °C·km­1 provide the best fits, 2004), but cooling histories are indexed on a thermal reference frame within the Earth's crust

  3. 5x20 Matrix for Knowledge Management Lifecycle Based on the Five C's Model and a Critical Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    5x20 Matrix for Knowledge Management Lifecycle Based on the Five C's Model and a Critical Review the previous efforts that have investigated the models and frameworks of KM lifecycles. Furthermore of coming out and arising the five C's model to be adopted in organizations vis-à-vis other KM lifecycles

  4. GEOPHYSICS, VOL. 35, SO. 1 (FEBRUARY 19iO), P. 33-44, i FIGS., j TABLES EXPLOSIVE SEISMIC SOURCES FOR THE MOON?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stewart, Sarah T.

    blast and the detona- tion products continuously expand outward and interact with the solid surface the plate velocity (-2.4 km/set) more closely matches the gas-blast velocity (-3.5 to 7.5 km/set) than in a vacuum. Large scale experiments were also performed in air to examine the effect of the detonation

  5. New Materials and Separations Science for Sustainable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Arturo A.

    like? · Still using technologies developed 30-40 years ago · New materials and new insights have ­ U.S. uses 500 km3/year, brackish water reservoir in U.S. is 1,500,000 km3 · Sea water desalination geothermal plant · Thermal desalination and brine re-charge at the Salton Sea geothermal site · Combined

  6. X-rays from Massive StarsX-rays from Massive Stars David CohenDavid Cohen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, David

    star wind Radiation line driving is inherently unstable:Radiation line driving is inherently unstable (RR ~ 1000 ~ 300 km s~ 1000 ~ 300 km s-1-1)) 11 Ori C: hotter plasma, narrower emission linesOri C: hotter plasma, narrower emission lines Pup (O4 I): cooler plasma, broad emission linesPup (O4 I): cooler

  7. Climate adaptation, local institutions, and rural livelihoods: A comparative study of herder communities in Mongolia and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Daniel G.

    communities in Mongolia and Inner Mongolia, China Jun Wang *, Daniel G. Brown, Arun Agrawal School of Natural, including most parts of Mongolia and the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (IMAR), China. About 84% (1.26 mil- lion km2 ) and 66% (0.78 million km2 ) of the total areas of Mongolia and Inner Mongolia, respectively

  8. Grazing alters ecosystem functioning and C:N:P stoichiometry of grasslands along a regional

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jianguo "Jingle"

    : P stoichiometry across a precipitation gradient along the 700 km China­Mongolia transect (CMT in the Inner Mongolia grass- land. Key-words: China­Mongolia transect, N and P co-limitation, N cycling, plant 8000 km across northeastern China, Mongolia, Russia, Ukraine and Hungary (Coupland 1993), has been

  9. Report on recoveries received at SAFRING: July 2000-June 2001 H. Dieter Oschadleus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    , W Cape 2y Om 4804 km J I 1898 Nestling 0'l 108/1996 Goney Plain, Marion Island Dead 2310912000IlO2l1998 Macquarie lsland, Tasmania Dead 2710912000 Langbaai beach, N Cape 2y 8m 9969 km Northern

  10. GEOLOGY, April 2010 311 INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, Vicki

    . The assumption that this AMSA records a single global event led to the widely accepted global catastrophic) wholesale lithospheric recycling (Turcotte, 1993; Herrick, 1994; Turcotte et al., 1999). In either case or lithospheric recycling. The proposed thickness of deep burial has evolved, ranging from >3 km to >1 km, but 1

  11. CONCURRENCY AND COMPUTATION: PRACTICE AND EXPERIENCE Concurrency Computat.: Pract. Exper. 1; 1:1 Prepared using cpeauth.cls [Version: 2002/09/19 v2.02

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jimack, Peter

    numerical calculations. For asymptotically large problems the spherical transform is shown conducting fluid (liquid iron plus a small percentage of lighter elements) confined to the outer core, a 2260 km thick spherical shell some 2800 km below Earth's surface. In this dynamo process, movement

  12. 160W 156W 160W 140W

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Paul N.

    500 250 500 0mi 0km 100 200 100 200 0mi 0km West 28% Midwest 33% Southwest 6% Southeast 6% Midwest 33% West 28% Mid-Atlan c 16% Northeast 6% Southwest 6% Southeast 6% Mid-Atlan c 16% Northeast 6% From Director) · CH2M HILL (Environmental Scientist) · CityFARM (Business Director) · Clean Tech, Inc (Process

  13. Universidad de Puerto Rico Recinto de Mayagez

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    de la Costa de Manatí. Aproximadamente, 71 de éstos sismos, han sido clasificados como profundidades de 5.9 km a 33.7 km. Del total de sismos localizados para el enjambre, ocho (8) tuvieron magnitudes mayores de 3.0 Md y dos (2) han sido reportados como sentidos en Puerto Rico. El primer sismo

  14. 75Radiation Dose and Distance This iconic photo was

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on March 15, a few days after the Japan 2011 earthquake, which caused severe damage to the Fukushima Press/Kyodo News) The devastating Japan 2011 earthquake damaged the nuclear reactors in Fukushima, which: Date Distance (km) Location Dose Rate (microSeiverts/hr) March 15 1 km Fukushima #2 plant 8,200 March

  15. Progress Report on separating topographical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Withers, Paul

    (x,y) from B = R x MT #12;Clementine Data · 500m pixel-1 global mosaic · 100m pixel-1 view of Apollo 17 landing site - 100km x 100km · DEM of Apollo 17 landing site · Apollo 17 landing site image corrected · Concentrate on Apollo 17 site · Physical nature of clusters · Compare processed map to post-Apollo albedo map

  16. Seismic evidence for a moderately thick lithosphere beneath the Siberian Platform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seismic evidence for a moderately thick lithosphere beneath the Siberian Platform Keith Priestley-wavespeed tomographic model for the upper mantle beneath the Siberian platform and surrounding region derived from lithosphere is $200 km thick beneath most of the Siberian platform but may extend to $250 km depth beneath

  17. An overview of radar soundings of the martian ionosphere from the Mars Express spacecraft

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gurnett, Donald A.

    by specular reflection from the horizontally stratified ionosphere; echoes from a second layer in the topside reflections are sometimes observed in the same frequency range as the diffuse echoes, suggesting that small a periapsis altitude of about 275 km, an apoapsis altitude of about 10,100 km, and an inclination of 86

  18. Shock Properties of Fansteel85

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Erskine, D J; Nellis, W J

    2008-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The shock response of Fansteel85 was investigated in the pressure range 10-90 GPa. The linear U{sub s}-U{sub p} coefficients were found to be C = 4.160 {+-} .015 km/s and S = 1.195 {+-} .015. Ultrasound measurements yielded C{sub L} = 4.827 and C{sub T} = 2.101, implying a bulk sound speed C{sub B} = 4.173, which is in excellent agreement with the measured value for C. The Hugoniot elastic limit was determined to be 3.11 {+-} .05 GPa at U{sub p} = .0595 {+-} .001 km/s and U{sub s} = 4.886 {+-} .01 km/s. The speed of sound in the material behind the shock front was determined to be 5.10 {+-} .06 km/s at 10.2 GPa and 5.25 {+-} .06 km/s at 20.6 GPa.

  19. Evidence for explosive silicic volcanism on the Moon from the extended distribution of thorium near the Compton-Belkovich Volcanic Complex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, J T; Massey, R J; Elphic, R C; Jolliff, B L; Lawrence, D J; Llewellin, E W; McElwaine, J N; Teodoro, L F A

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We reconstruct the abundance of thorium near the Compton-Belkovich Volcanic Complex on the Moon, using data from the Lunar Prospector Gamma Ray Spectrometer. We enhance the resolution via a pixon image reconstruction technique, and find that the thorium is distributed over a larger (40 km $\\times$ 75 km) area than the (25 km $\\times$ 35 km) high albedo region normally associated with Compton-Belkovich. Our reconstructions show that inside this region, the thorium concentration is 15 - 33 ppm. We also find additional thorium, spread up to 300 km eastward of the complex at $\\sim$2 ppm. The thorium must have been deposited during the formation of the volcanic complex, because subsequent lateral transport mechanisms, such as small impacts, are unable to move sufficient material. The morphology of the feature is consistent with pyroclastic dispersal and we conclude that the present distribution of thorium was likely created by the explosive eruption of silicic magma.

  20. Implementation Plan for the Office of Nuclear Energy Knowledge Management Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kimberlyn C. Mousseau

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary purpose of the Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) Knowledge Management (KM) Program is to capture, share, disseminate, and ensure the ability to apply the knowledge created by the major nuclear energy Research and Development (R&D) programs. In support of the KM program, the Implementation Plan for the Office of NE KM Program outlines the knowledge management and distributed data environment that is required for its success. In addition to enumerating some strategic goals and objectives, this document characterizes the initial program and identifies computer-based areas of investment required for increased knowledge sharing and collaboration. It identifies and addresses investments already in existence and describes how these investments can be further enhanced and implemented to support a distributed KM program. The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is leading the effort to identify and address these investments through the implementation of a distributed KM program that includes participants from ten of the major DOE national laboratories.

  1. Evaluation of the Life History of Native Salmonids in the Malheur River Basin; Cooperative Bull Trout/Redband Trout Research Project, 2000-2001 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gonzales, Dan; Schwabe, Lawrence; Wenick, Jess (Burns Paiute Tribe, Department of Fish and Wildlife, Burns, OR)

    2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Malheur basin lies within southeastern Oregon. The Malheur River is a tributary to the Snake River, entering at about River Kilometer (RK) 595. The hydrological drainage area of the Malheur River is approximately 12,950 km{sup 2} and is roughly 306 km in length. The headwaters of the Malheur River originate in the Blue Mountains at elevations of 6,500 to 7,500 feet, and drops to an elevation of 2000 feet at the confluence with the Snake River near Ontario, Oregon. The climate of the Malheur basin is characterized by hot dry summers, occasionally exceeding 38 C and cold winters that may drop below -29 C. Average annual precipitation is 300 centimeters and ranges from 100 centimeters in the upper mountains to less than 25 centimeters in the lower reaches (Gonzalez 1999). Wooded areas consist primarily of mixed fir and pine forest in the higher elevations. Sagebrush and grass communities dominate the flora in the lower elevations. Efforts to document salmonid life histories, water quality, and habitat conditions have continued in fiscal year 2000. The Burns Paiute Tribe (BPT), United States Forest Service (USFS), and Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW), have been working cooperatively to achieve this common goal. Bull trout ''Salvenlinus confluentus'' have specific environmental requirements and complex life histories making them especially susceptible to human activities that alter their habitat (Howell and Buchanan 1992). Bull trout are considered to be a cold-water species and are temperature dependent. This presents a challenge for managers, biologists, and private landowners in the Malheur basin. Because of the listing of bull trout under the Endangered Species Act as threatened and the current health of the landscape, a workgroup was formed to develop project objectives related to bull trout. This report will reflect work completed during the Bonneville Power contract period starting 1 April 2000 and ending 31 March 2001. The study area will include the North Fork Malheur River and the Upper Malheur River from Warm Springs Reservoir upstream to the headwaters.

  2. INITIAL PLANETESIMAL SIZES AND THE SIZE DISTRIBUTION OF SMALL KUIPER BELT OBJECTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schlichting, Hilke E. [UCLA, Department of Earth and Space Science, 595 Charles E. Young Drive East, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Fuentes, Cesar I.; Trilling, David E., E-mail: hilke@ucla.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northern Arizona University, P.O. Box 6010, Flagstaff, AZ 86011 (United States)

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Kuiper Belt is a remnant from the early solar system and its size distribution contains many important constraints that can be used to test models of planet formation and collisional evolution. We show, by comparing observations with theoretical models, that the observed Kuiper Belt size distribution is well matched by coagulation models, which start with an initial planetesimal population with radii of about 1 km, and subsequent collisional evolution. We find that the observed size distribution above R {approx} 30 km is primordial, i.e., it has not been modified by collisional evolution over the age of the solar system, and that the size distribution below R {approx} 30 km has been modified by collisions and that its slope is well matched by collisional evolution models that use published strength laws. We investigate in detail the resulting size distribution of bodies ranging from 0.01 km to 30 km and find that its slope changes several times as a function of radius before approaching the expected value for an equilibrium collisional cascade of material strength dominated bodies for R {approx}< 0.1 km. Compared to a single power-law size distribution that would span the whole range from 0.01 km to 30 km, we find in general a strong deficit of bodies around R {approx} 10 km and a strong excess of bodies around 2 km in radius. This deficit and excess of bodies are caused by the planetesimal size distribution left over from the runaway growth phase, which left most of the initial mass in small planetesimals while only a small fraction of the total mass is converted into large protoplanets. This excess mass in small planetesimals leaves a permanent signature in the size distribution of small bodies that is not erased after 4.5 Gyr of collisional evolution. Observations of the small Kuiper Belt Object (KBO) size distribution can therefore test if large KBOs grew as a result of runaway growth and constrained the initial planetesimal sizes. We find that results from recent KBO occultation surveys and the observed KBO size distribution can be best matched by an initial planetesimal population that contained about equal mass per logarithmic mass bin in bodies ranging from 0.4 km to 4 km in radius. We further find that we cannot match the observed KBO size distribution if most of the planetesimal mass was contained in bodies that were 10 km in radius or larger simply because their resulting size distribution cannot be sufficiently depleted over 4.5 Gyr to match observations.

  3. A Saturn Ring Observer Mission Using Multi-Mission Radioisotope Power Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abelson, Robert D.; Spilker, Thomas R.; Shirley, James H. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Mail Stop 301-445W, Pasadena, CA 91109-8099 (United States)

    2006-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Saturn remains one of the most fascinating planets within the solar system. To better understand the complex ring structure of this planet, a conceptual Saturn Ring Observer (SRO) mission is presented that would spend one year in close proximity to Saturn's A and B rings, and perform detailed observations and measurements of the ring particles and electric and magnetic fields. The primary objective of the mission would be to understand ring dynamics, including the microphysics of individual particles and small scale (meters to a few kilometers) phenomena such as particle agglomeration behavior. This would be accomplished by multispectral imaging of the rings at multiple key locations within the A and B rings, and by ring-particle imaging at an unprecedented resolution of 0.5 cm/pixel. The SRO spacecraft would use a Venus-Earth-Earth-Jupiter Gravity Assist (VEEJGA) and be aerocaptured into Saturn orbit using an advanced aeroshell design to minimize propellant mass. Once in orbit, the SRO would stand off from the ring plane 1 to 1.4 km using chemical thrusters to provide short propulsive maneuvers four times per revolution, effectively causing the SRO vehicle to 'hop' above the ring plane. The conceptual SRO spacecraft would be enabled by the use of a new generation of multi-mission Radioisotope Power Systems (RPSs) currently being developed by NASA and DOE. These RPSs include the Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (MMRTG) and Stirling Radioisotope Generator (SRG). The RPSs would generate all necessary electrical power ({>=}330 We at beginning of life) during the 10-year cruise and 1-year science mission ({approx}11 years total). The RPS heat would be used to maintain the vehicle's operating and survival temperatures, minimizing the need for electrical heaters. Such a mission could potentially launch in the 2015-2020 timeframe, with operations at Saturn commencing in approximately 2030.

  4. Final Report on Evaluating the Representation and Impact of Convective Processes in the NCAR Community Climate System Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    X. Wu, G. J. Zhang

    2008-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Convection and clouds affect atmospheric temperature, moisture and wind fields through the heat of condensation and evaporation and through redistributions of heat, moisture and momentum. Individual clouds have a spatial scale of less than 10 km, much smaller than the grid size of several hundred kilometers used in climate models. Therefore the effects of clouds must be approximated in terms of variables that the model can resolve. Deriving such formulations for convection and clouds has been a major challenge for the climate modeling community due to the lack of observations of cloud and microphysical properties. The objective of our DOE CCPP project is to evaluate and improve the representation of convection schemes developed by PIs in the NCAR (National Center for Atmospheric Research) Community Climate System Model (CCSM) and study its impact on global climate simulations. • The project resulted in nine peer-reviewed publications and numerous scientific presentations that directly address the CCPP’s scientific objective of improving climate models. • We developed a package of improved convection parameterization that includes improved closure, trigger condition for convection, and comprehensive treatment of convective momentum transport. • We implemented the new convection parameterization package into several versions of the NCAR models (both coupled and uncoupled). This has led to 1) Improved simulation of seasonal migration of ITCZ; 2) Improved shortwave cloud radiative forcing response to El Niño in CAM3; 3) Improved MJO simulation in both uncoupled and coupled model; and 4) Improved simulation of ENSO in coupled model. • Using the dynamic core of CCM3, we isolated the dynamic effects of convective momentum transport. • We implemented mosaic treatment of subgrid-scale cloud-radiation interaction in CCM3.

  5. Finding of No Significant Impact for the Environmental Assessment for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve West Hackberry Facility Raw Water Intake Pipeline Replacement Cameron and Calcasieu Parishes, Louisiana

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    N /A

    2004-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    DOE has prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA), DOE/EA-1497, for the proposed replacement of the existing 107 centimeter (cm) [42 inch (in)] 6.87 kilometer (km) [4.27 mile (mi)] raw water intake pipeline (RWIPL). This action is necessary to allow for continued, optimum operations at the West Hackberry facility (main site/facility). The EA described the proposed action (including action alternatives) and three alternatives to the proposed action. The EA evaluated only the potential environmental consequences of the proposed action (one action alternative), and Alternative 3, which consisted of the No Build Action that is required by 10 CFR 1021.321(c). Based on the analysis in DOE/EA-1497, DOE has determined that the proposed action does not constitute a major Federal action significantly affecting humans or the natural environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), 42 USC 4321 et seq. Therefore, an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) is not required, and DOE is issuing this Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI). To further minimize impacts to environmental media, the DOE will also implement a Mitigation Action Plan (MAP) for this action. The MAP is included as Appendix F of this EA, which is appended to this FONSI. The Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (EPCA), as amended, authorizes the creation of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) to store crude oil to reduce the United States' vulnerability to energy supply disruptions. Crude oil is stored in geologic formations, or salt domes, located under these facilities. The purpose of this proposed project is to construct a new RWIPL at the main site to replace the existing RWIPL which services this facility.

  6. Bonneville Power Administration Transmission System Vegetation Management Program - Final Environmental Impact Statement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    N /A

    2000-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Bonneville is responsible for maintaining a network of 24,000 kilometers (km) or 15,000 miles (mi.) of electric transmission lines and 350 substations in a region of diverse vegetation. This vegetation can interfere with electric power flow, pose safety problems for us and the public, and interfere with our ability to maintain these facilities. We need to (1) keep vegetation away from our electric facilities; (2) increase our program efficiency and consistency; (3) review herbicide use (under increased public scrutiny); and (4) maximize the range of tools we can use while minimizing environmental impact (Integrated Vegetation Management). This Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) establishes Planning Steps for managing vegetation for specific projects (to be tiered to this Environmental Impact Statement (EIS)). In addition to No Action (current practice), alternatives are presented for Rights-of-way, Electric Yards, and Non-electric Facilities (landscaping, work yards). Four vegetation control methods are analyzed manual, mechanical, herbicide, and biological. Also evaluated are 23 herbicide active ingredients and 4 herbicide application techniques (spot, localized, broadcast, and aerial). For rights-of-way, we consider three sets of alternatives: alternative management approaches (time-driven or establishing low-growing plant communities); alternative method packages; and, if herbicides are in a methods package, alternative vegetation selections (noxious weeds, deciduous, or any vegetation). For electric yards, one herbicide-use alternative is considered. For non-electric facilities, two method package alternatives are considered. For rights-of-way, the environmentally preferred alternative(s) would use manual, mechanical, and biological control methods, as well as spot and localized herbicide applications for noxious and deciduous plant species; the BPA-preferred alternative(s) would add broadcast and aerial herbicide applications, and would use herbicides on any vegetation. Both would favor a management approach that fosters low-growing plant communities.

  7. Final Technical Report: DOE-Biological Ocean Margins Program. Microbial Ecology of Denitrifying Bacteria in the Coastal Ocean.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee Kerkhof

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The focus of our research was to provide a comprehensive study of the bacterioplankton populations off the coast of New Jersey near the Rutgers University marine field station using terminal restriction fragment polymorphism analysis (TRFLP) coupled to 16S rRNA genes for large data set studies. Our three revised objectives to this study became: (1) to describe bacterioplankton population dynamics in the Mid Atlantic Bight using TRFLP analysis of 16S rRNA genes. (2) to determine whether spatial and temporal factors are driving bacterioplankton community dynamics in the MAB using monthly samping along our transect line over a 2-year period. (3) to identify dominant members of a coastal bacterioplankton population by clonal library analysis of 16S rDNA genes and sequencing of PCR product corresponding to specific TRFLP peaks in the data set. Although open ocean time-series sites have been areas of microbial research for years, relatively little was known about the population dynamics of bacterioplankton communities in the coastal ocean on kilometer spatial and seasonal temporal scales. To gain a better understanding of microbial community variability, monthly samples of bacterial biomass were collected in 1995-1996 along a 34-km transect near the Long-Term Ecosystem Observatory (LEO-15) off the New Jersey coast. Surface and bottom sampling was performed at seven stations along a transect line with depths ranging from 1 to 35m (n=178). The data revealed distinct temporal patterns among the bacterioplankton communities in the Mid-Atlantic Bight rather than grouping by sample location or depth (figure 2-next page). Principal components analysis models supported the temporal patterns. In addition, partial least squares regression modeling could not discern a significant correlation from traditional oceanographic physical and phytoplankton nutrient parameters on overall bacterial community variability patterns at LEO-15. These results suggest factors not traditionally measured during oceanographic studies are structuring coastal microbial communities.

  8. Variability of Power from Large-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Scenarios in the State of Gujarat: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parsons, B.; Hummon, M.; Cochran, J.; Stoltenberg, B.; Batra, P.; Mehta, B.; Patel, D.

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    India has ambitious goals for high utilization of variable renewable power from wind and solar, and deployment has been proceeding at a rapid pace. The western state of Gujarat currently has the largest amount of solar generation of any Indian state, with over 855 Megawatts direct current (MWDC). Combined with over 3,240 MW of wind, variable generation renewables comprise nearly 18% of the electric-generating capacity in the state. A new historic 10-kilometer (km) gridded solar radiation data set capturing hourly insolation values for 2002-2011 is available for India. We apply an established method for downscaling hourly irradiance data to one-minute irradiance data at potential PV power production locations for one year, 2006. The objective of this report is to characterize the intra-hour variability of existing and planned photovoltaic solar power generation in the state of Gujarat (a total of 1.9 gigawatts direct current (GWDC)), and of five possible expansion scenarios of solar generation that reflect a range of geographic diversity (each scenario totals 500-1,000 MW of additional solar capacity). The report statistically analyzes one year's worth of power variability data, applied to both the baseline and expansion scenarios, to evaluate diurnal and seasonal power fluctuations, different timescales of variability (e.g., from one to 15 minutes), the magnitude of variability (both total megawatts and relative to installed solar capacity), and the extent to which the variability can be anticipated in advance. The paper also examines how Gujarat Energy Transmission Corporation (GETCO) and the Gujarat State Load Dispatch Centre (SLDC) could make use of the solar variability profiles in grid operations and planning.

  9. Variability of Power from Large-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Scenarios in the State of Gujarat (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parsons, B.; Hummon, M.; Cochran, J.; Stoltenberg, B.; Batra, P.; Mehta, B.; Patel, D.

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    India has ambitious goals for high utilization of variable renewable power from wind and solar, and deployment has been proceeding at a rapid pace. The western state of Gujarat currently has the largest amount of solar generation of any Indian state, with over 855 Megawatts direct current (MWDC). Combined with over 3,240 MW of wind, variable generation renewables comprise nearly 18% of the electric-generating capacity in the state. A new historic 10-kilometer (km) gridded solar radiation data set capturing hourly insolation values for 2002-2011 is available for India. We apply an established method for downscaling hourly irradiance data to one-minute irradiance data at potential PV power production locations for one year, 2006. The objective of this report is to characterize the intra-hour variability of existing and planned photovoltaic solar power generation in the state of Gujarat (a total of 1.9 gigawatts direct current (GWDC)), and of five possible expansion scenarios of solar generation that reflect a range of geographic diversity (each scenario totals 500-1,000 MW of additional solar capacity). The report statistically analyzes one year's worth of power variability data, applied to both the baseline and expansion scenarios, to evaluate diurnal and seasonal power fluctuations, different timescales of variability (e.g., from one to 15 minutes), the magnitude of variability (both total megawatts and relative to installed solar capacity), and the extent to which the variability can be anticipated in advance. The paper also examines how Gujarat Energy Transmission Corporation (GETCO) and the Gujarat State Load Dispatch Centre (SLDC) could make use of the solar variability profiles in grid operations and planning.

  10. Variability of Photovoltaic Power in the State of Gujarat Using High Resolution Solar Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hummon, M.; Cochran, J.; Weekley, A.; Lopez, A.; Zhang, J.; Stoltenberg, B.; Parsons, B.; Batra, P.; Mehta, B.; Patel, D.

    2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    India has ambitious goals for high utilization of variable renewable power from wind and solar, and deployment has been proceeding at a rapid pace. The western state of Gujarat currently has the largest amount of solar generation of any Indian state, with over 855 Megawatts direct current (MWDC). Combined with over 3,240 MW of wind, variable generation renewables comprise nearly 18% of the electric-generating capacity in the state. A new historic 10-kilometer (km) gridded solar radiation data set capturing hourly insolation values for 2002-2011 is available for India. We apply an established method for downscaling hourly irradiance data to one-minute irradiance data at potential PV power production locations for one year, 2006. The objective of this report is to characterize the intra-hour variability of existing and planned photovoltaic solar power generation in the state of Gujarat (a total of 1.9 gigawatts direct current (GWDC)), and of five possible expansion scenarios of solar generation that reflect a range of geographic diversity (each scenario totals 500-1,000 MW of additional solar capacity). The report statistically analyzes one year's worth of power variability data, applied to both the baseline and expansion scenarios, to evaluate diurnal and seasonal power fluctuations, different timescales of variability (e.g., from one to 15 minutes), the magnitude of variability (both total megawatts and relative to installed solar capacity), and the extent to which the variability can be anticipated in advance. The paper also examines how Gujarat Energy Transmission Corporation (GETCO) and the Gujarat State Load Dispatch Centre (SLDC) could make use of the solar variability profiles in grid operations and planning.

  11. Systematic variations in stress state in the southern San Joaquin Valley: Inferences based on well-bore data and contemporary seismicity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Castillo, D.A.; Zoback, M.D. (Stanford Univ., CA (United States))

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Analysis of stress-induced well-bore breakouts in 35 wells from 10 production fields in the southern San Joaquin Valley (SSJV) indicates systematic spatial variations in the direction of the maximum horizontal stresses at three different scales. First, the regional northeast-southwest compressional stress direction seen along the western margin of the San Joaquin Valley in the Elk Hills, Kettleman Hills, and Coalinga areas, gradually changes to approximately north-south compression over a distance of 10-20 km in the SSJV. This major excursion in the stress field seen in the Yowlumne, Yowlumne North, Paloma, and Rio Viejo production fields represents an approximately 40[degrees] counterclockwise rotation in the direction of the maximum horizontal stress (MHS). This systematic reorientation is consistent with approximately north-south convergence as seen in the local fold axes and reverse faults of Pliocene age and younger. Second, at the extreme south of the SSJV in the San Emidio, Los Lobos, Pleito, Wheeler Ridge, and North Tejon fields, another systematic, but localized, reorientation in the stress field indicates an abrupt change to an approximately east-northeast-west-southwest compression over a distance of a few kilometers. This latter reorientation of MHS stress direction, which is inconsistent with the local east-west-trending fold axes and thrust faults, represents a 40-50[degrees] clockwise rotation in the stresses; this reorientation appears to be limited to oil production fields located within the inferred hanging wall of the White Wolf fault that ruptured during the 1952 Kern County earthquake. Inversion of earthquake focal mechanisms of events located below the perturbed stress field indicates approximately north-south compression. The stress drop associated with the 1952 earthquake may have been responsible for rotating the MHS stress direction, implying that the remote horizontal stresses are comparable in magnitude. 53 refs., 16 refs., 2 tabs.

  12. Evaluation of 2004 Toyota Prius Hybrid Electic Drive System Interim Report - Revised

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ayers, C.W.; Hsu, J.S.; Marlino, L.D.; Miller, C.W.; Ott, G.W., Jr.; Oland, C.B.; Burress, T.A.

    2007-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The 2004 Toyota Prius is a hybrid automobile equipped with a gasoline engine and a battery-powered electric motor. Both of these motive power sources are capable of providing mechanical drive power for the vehicle. The engine can deliver a peak power output of 57 kilowatts (kW) at 5000 revolutions per minute (rpm) while the motor can deliver a peak power output of 50 kW at 1300 rpm. Together, this engine-motor combination has a specified peak power output of 82 kW at a vehicle speed of 85 kilometers per hour (km/h). In operation, the 2004 Prius exhibits superior fuel economy compared to conventionally powered automobiles. Laboratory tests were conducted to evaluate the electrical and mechanical performance of the 2004 Toyota Prius and its hybrid electric drive system. As a hybrid vehicle, the 2004 Prius uses both a gasoline-powered internal combustion engine and a battery-powered electric motor as motive power sources. Innovative algorithms for combining these two power sources results in improved fuel efficiency and reduced emissions compared to traditional automobiles. Initial objectives of the laboratory tests were to measure motor and generator back-electromotive force (emf) voltages and determine gearbox-related power losses over a specified range of shaft speeds and lubricating oil temperatures. Follow-on work will involve additional performance testing of the motor, generator, and inverter. Information contained in this interim report summarizes the test results obtained to date, describes preliminary conclusions and findings, and identifies additional areas for further study.

  13. Baseline risk assessment of ground water contamination at the Uranium Mill Tailings Site near Naturita, Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project consists of the Surface Project (phase I), and the Ground Water Project (phase II). For the UMTRA Project site located near Naturita, Colorado (the Naturita site), phase I involves the removal of radioactively contaminated soils and materials and their transportation to a disposal site at Union Carbide Corporation`s Upper Burbank Repository at Uravan, Colorado, about 13 road miles (mi) (21 kilometers [km]) to the northwest. No uranium mill tailings are involved because the tailings were removed from the Naturita site and placed at Coke Oven, Colorado, during 1977 to 1979. Phase II of the project will evaluate the nature and extent of ground water contamination resulting from uranium processing and its effect on human health or the environment; and will determine site-specific ground water compliance strategies in accordance with the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ground water standards established for the UMTRA Project. Human health risks could occur from drinking water pumped from a hypothetical well drilled in the contaminated ground water area. Environmental risks may result if plants or animals are exposed to contaminated ground water, or surface water that has received contaminated ground water. Therefore, a risk assessment is conducted for the Naturita site. This risk assessment report is the first site-specific document prepared for the Ground Water Project at the Naturita site. What follows is an evaluation of current and possible future impacts to the public and the environment from exposure to contaminated ground water. The results of this evaluation and further site characterization will be used to determine whether any action is needed to protect human health or the environment.

  14. Environmental assessment of ground water compliance activities at the Uranium Mill Tailings Site, Spook, Wyoming. Revision 0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is an environmental assessment of the Spook, Wyoming, Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project site. It analyzes the impacts of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) proposed action for ground water compliance. The proposed action is to comply with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) standards for the UMTRA Project sites (40 CFR Part 192) by meeting supplemental standards based on the limited use ground water at the Spook site. This proposed action would not require site activities, including ground water monitoring, characterization, or institutional controls. Ground water in the uppermost aquifer was contaminated by uranium processing activities at the Spook site, which is in Converse County, approximately 48 miles (mi) (77 kilometers [km]) northeast of Casper, Wyoming. Constituents from the site infiltrated and migrated into the uppermost aquifer, forming a plume that extends approximately 2500 feet (ft) (800 meters [m]) downgradient from the site. The principal site-related hazardous constituents in this plume are uranium, selenium, and nitrate. Background ground water in the uppermost aquifer at the site is considered limited use. It is neither a current nor a potential source of drinking water because of widespread, ambient contamination that cannot be cleaned up using treatment methods reasonably employed in public water supply systems (40 CFR {section} 192.11 (e)). Background ground water quality also is poor due to first, naturally occurring conditions (natural uranium mineralization associated with an alteration front), and second, the effects of widespread human activity not related to uranium milling operations (uranium exploration and mining activities). There are no known exposure pathways to humans, animals, or plants from the contaminated ground water in the uppermost aquifer because it does not discharge to lower aquifers, to the surface, or to surface water.

  15. Biological assessment of remedial action at the abandoned uranium mill tailings site near Naturita, Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pursuant to the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act (UMTRCA) of 1978, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is proposing to conduct remedial action to clean up the residual radioactive materials (RRM) at the Naturita uranium processing site in Colorado. The Naturita site is in Montrose County, Colorado, and is approximately 2 miles (mi) (3 kilometer [km]) from the unincorporated town of Naturita. The proposed remedial action is to remove the RRM from the Naturita site to the Upper Burbank Quarry at the Uravan disposal site. To address the potential impacts of the remedial action on threatened and endangered species, the DOE prepared this biological assessment. Informal consultations with the U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) were initiated in 1986, and the FWS provided a list of the threatened and endangered species that may occur in the Naturita study area. This list was updated by two FWS letters in 1988 and by verbal communication in 1990. A biological assessment was included in the environmental assessment (EA) of the proposed remedial action that was prepared in 1990. This EA addressed the impacts of moving the Naturita RRM to the Dry Flats disposal site. In 1993, the design for the Dry Flats disposal alternative was changed. The FWS was again consulted in 1993 and provided a new list of threatened and endangered species that may occur in the Naturita study area. The Naturita EA and the biological assessment were revised in response to these changes. In 1994, remedial action was delayed because an alternate disposal site was being considered. The DOE decided to move the FIRM at the Naturita site to the Upper Burbank Quarry at the Uravan site. Due to this delay, the FWS was consulted in 1995 and a list of threatened and endangered species was provided. This biological assessment is a revision of the assessment attached to the Naturita EA and addresses moving the Naturita RRM to the Upper Burbank Quarry disposal site.

  16. Source depth for solar p-modes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawan Kumar; Sarbani Basu

    2000-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Theoretically calculated power spectra are compares with observed solar p-mode velocity power spectra over a range of mode degree and frequency. The depth for the sources responsible for exciting p-modes of frequency 2.0 mHz is determined from the asymmetry of their power spectra and found to be about 800 km below the photosphere for quadrupole sources and 150 km if sources are dipole. The source depth for high frequency oscillations of frequency greater than about 6 mHz is 180 (50) km for quadrupole (dipole) sources.

  17. Office of Nuclear Energy Knowledge Management Program Situational Analysis Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kimberlyn C. Mousseau

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Knowledge management (KM) has been a high priority for the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) for the past several years. NE Programs are moving toward well-established knowledge management practices and a formal knowledge management program has been established. Knowledge management is being practiced to some level within each of the NE programs. Although it continues to evolve as NE programs evolve, a formal strategic plan that guides the implementation of KM has been developed. Despite the acceptance of KM within DOE NE, more work is necessary before the NE KM program can be considered fully successful. Per Dr. David J. Skyrme[1], an organization typically moves through the following evolutionary phases: (1) Ad-hoc - KM is being practiced to some level in some parts of the organization; (2) Formal - KM is established as a formal project or program; (3) Expanding - the use of KM as a discipline grows in practice across different parts of the organization; (4) Cohesive - there is a degree of coordination of KM; (5) Integrated - there are formal standards and approaches that give every individual access to most organizational knowledge through common interfaces; and (6) Embedded - KM is part-and-parcel of everyday tasks; it blends seamlessly into the background. According to the evolutionary phases, the NE KM program is operating at the two lower levels, Ad-hoc and Formal. Although KM is being practiced to some level, it is not being practiced in a consistent manner across the NE programs. To be fully successful, more emphasis must be placed on establishing KM standards and processes for collecting, organizing, sharing and accessing NE knowledge. Existing knowledge needs to be prioritized and gathered on a routine basis, its existence formally recorded in a knowledge inventory. Governance to ensure the quality of the knowledge being used must also be considered. For easy retrieval, knowledge must be organized according to a taxonomy that mimics nuclear energy programs. Technologies need to be established to make accessing the knowledge easier for the user. Finally, knowledge needs to be used as part of a well defined work process.

  18. Identifying clouds over the Pierre Auger Observatory using infrared satellite data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abreu, Pedro; et al.,

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe a new method of identifying night-time clouds over the Pierre Auger Observatory using infrared data from the Imager instruments on the GOES-12 and GOES-13 satellites. We compare cloud identifications resulting from our method to those obtained by the Central Laser Facility of the Auger Observatory. Using our new method we can now develop cloud probability maps for the 3000 km^2 of the Pierre Auger Observatory twice per hour with a spatial resolution of ~2.4 km by ~5.5 km. Our method could also be applied to monitor cloud cover for other ground-based observatories and for space-based observatories.

  19. Mediterranean Sea potential seen in area south of Malta

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bishop, W.F. (Bishop (William F.), Houston, TX (United States)); Debono, G. (Office of the Prime Minister, Valletta (Malta))

    1993-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Seismic data and stratigraphic projections indicate that an entirely different facies exists in Area 4 in the Mediterranean Sea south of Malta than the continuous carbonate sequence of the Malta platform. Japan National Oil Corp., in September 1989 under authority of the government of Malta, conducted a 3,615 line km geophysical survey (seismic, gravity, magnetics) in Area 4, which comprises about 13,000 sk km and is 40 km south of Malta. The paper describes the geology of Malta Area 4, its inferred stratigraphy, seismic results, and potential geologic traps.

  20. Y-12 National Security Complex Biological Monitoring and Abatement Program 2007 Calendar Yeare Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peterson, M.J.; Greeley, M. S. Jr.; Morris, G. W.; Roy, W. K.; Ryan, M. G.; Smith, J. G.; Southworth, G. R.

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit issued for the Oak Ridge Y-12 National Security Complex (Y-12 Complex) which became effective May 1, 2006, continued a requirement for a Biological Monitoring and Abatement Program (BMAP). The BMAP was originally developed in 1985 to demonstrate that the effluent limitations established for the Y-12 Complex protected the classified uses of the receiving stream (East Fork Poplar Creek: EFPC), in particular, the growth and propagation of aquatic life (Loar et al. 1989). The objectives of the current BMAP are similar, specifically to assess stream ecological conditions relative to regulatory limits and criteria, to assess ecological impacts as well as recovery in response to Y-12 operations, and to investigate the causes of continuing impacts. The BMAP consists of three tasks that reflect complementary approaches to evaluating the effects of the Y-12 Complex discharges on the biotic integrity of EFPC. These tasks include: (1) bioaccumulation monitoring, (2) benthic macroinvertebrate community monitoring, and (3) fish community monitoring. As required by the NPDES permit, the BMAP benthic macroinvertebrate community monitoring task includes studies to annually evaluate the receiving stream's biological integrity in comparison to TN Water Quality Criteria. BMAP monitoring is currently being conducted at five primary EFPC sites, although sites may be excluded or added depending upon the specific objectives of the various tasks. Criteria used in selecting the sites include: (1) location of sampling sites used in other studies, (2) known or suspected sources of downstream impacts, (3) proximity to U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) boundaries, (4) appropriate habitat distribution, and (5) access. The primary sampling sites include upper EFPC at kilometers (EFKs) 24.4 and 23.4 [upstream and downstream of Lake Reality (LR) respectively]; EFK 18.7 (also EFK 18.2 and 19), located off the ORR and below an area of intensive commercial and light industrial development; EFK 13.8, located upstream from the Oak Ridge Wastewater Treatment Facility (ORWTF); and EFK 6.3 located approximately 1.4 km below the ORR boundary (Fig. 1.1). Actual sampling locations on EFPC may differ slightly by task according to specific requirements of the task. Brushy Fork (BF) at kilometer (BFK) 7.6 and Hinds Creek at kilometer (HCK) 20.6 are the most commonly used reference sites for the Y-12 BMAP. Additional sites off the ORR are also occasionally used for reference, including Beaver Creek, Bull Run, Cox Creek, and Paint Rock Creek (Fig. 1.2). Summaries of the sampling designs for the three primary tasks of the Y-12 Complex BMAP for EFPC are presented in Tables 1.1-1.3. This report covers the 2007 study period, although data collected outside this time period are included as appropriate. To address the biological monitoring requirements for Bear Creek and McCoy Branch, CERCLA-funded data is summarized in Appendix A (for Bear Creek) and Appendix B (for McCoy Branch). Data for these two watersheds is provided herein to address Section IX of the NPDES Permit for Y-12, where 'Results of these CERCLA programs can be used to meet the biological monitoring requirements of this permit'. For potential comparison with instream biological measures, a summary of the toxicity testing results for Y-12 outfalls into upper EFPC is provided in Appendix C (these results have been previously reported).

  1. Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 99: Rainier Mesa/Shoshone Mountain, Nevada Test Site, Nevada with Errata and ROTC 1, Rev. No. 0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John McCord; Marutzky, Sam

    2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Corrective Action Investigation Plan (CAIP) was developed for Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 99, Rainier Mesa/Shoshone Mountain. The CAIP is a requirement of the ''Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order'' (FFACO) agreed to by the State of Nevada, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), and the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) (FFACO, 1996). The FFACO addresses environmental restoration activities at U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) facilities and sites including the underground testing area(s) of the Nevada Test Site (NTS). This CAIP describes the investigation activities currently planned for the Rainier Mesa/Shoshone Mountain CAU. These activities are consistent with the current Underground Test Area (UGTA) Project strategy described in Section 3.0 of Appendix VI, Revision No. 1 (December 7, 2000) of the FFACO (1996) and summarized in Section 2.1.2 of this plan. The Rainier Mesa/Shoshone Mountain CAU extends over several areas of the NTS (Figure 1-1) and includes former underground nuclear testing locations in Areas 12 and 16. The area referred to as ''Rainier Mesa'' includes the geographical area of Rainier Mesa proper and the contiguous Aqueduct Mesa. Figure 1-2 shows the locations of the tests (within tunnel complexes) conducted at Rainier Mesa. Shoshone Mountain is located approximately 20 kilometers (km) south of Rainier Mesa, but is included within the same CAU due to similarities in their geologic setting and in the nature and types of nuclear tests conducted. Figure 1-3 shows the locations of the tests conducted at Shoshone Mountain. The Rainier Mesa/Shoshone Mountain CAU falls within the larger-scale Rainier Mesa/Shoshone Mountain Investigation Area, which also includes the northwest section of the Yucca Flat CAU as shown in Figure 1-1. Rainier Mesa and Shoshone Mountain lie adjacent to the Timber Mountain Caldera Complex and are composed of volcanic rocks that erupted from the caldera as well as from more distant sources. This has resulted in a layered volcanic stratigraphy composed of thick deposits of welded and nonwelded ash-flow tuff and lava flows. These deposits are proximal to the source caldera and are interstratified with the more distal facies of fallout tephra and bedded reworked tuff from more distant sources. In each area, a similar volcanic sequence was deposited upon Paleozoic carbonate and siliciclastic rocks that are disrupted by various thrust faults, normal faults, and strike-slip faults. In both Rainier Mesa (km) to the southwest, and Tippipah Spring, 4 km to the north, and the tunnel complex is dry. Particle-tracking simulations performed during the value of information analysis (VOIA) (SNJV, 2004b) indicate that most of the regional groundwater that underlies the test locations at Rainier Mesa and Shoshone Mountain eventually follows similar and parallel paths and ultimately discharges in Death Valley and the Amargosa Desert. Particle-tracking simulations conducted for the regional groundwater flow and risk assessment indicated that contamination from Rainier Mesa and Shoshone Mountain were unlikely to leave the NTS during the 1,000-year period of interest (DOE/NV, 1997a). It is anticipated that CAU-scale modeling will modify these results somewhat, but it is not expected to radically alter the outcome of these previous particle-tracking simulations within the 1,000-year period of interest. The Rainier Mesa/Shoshone Mountain CAIP describes the corrective action investigation (CAI) to be conducted at the Rainier Mesa/Shoshone Mountain CAU to evaluate the extent of contamination in groundwater due to the underground nuclear testing. The CAI will be conducted by the UGTA Project, which is part of the NNSA/NSO Environmental Restoration Project (ERP). The purpose and scope of the CAI are presented in this section, followed by a summary of the entire document.

  2. Lower Flathead System Fisheries Study, 1984 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Darling, James E.; Pajak, Paul; Wunderlich, Mary P.

    1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study was undertaken to assess the effects of Kerr Dam operations on the fisheries of the Lower Flathead System. Supported by Bonneville Power Administration funding, and conducted by the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes, the study began in December of 1982 and is scheduled for completion in December of 1987. This report covers the 1983-84 field season and includes the status of target fish species populations in the Flathead River and tributaries, and initial work in South Bay of Flathead Lake. Additionally it addresses how Kerr operations may effect the reproduction of salmonids and northern pike. Combined trout population estimates for rainbow, brown, brook, and bull trout, averaged 13 fish/km of the lower Flathead River. The number of bull trout and cutthroat trout captured was so low that estimation of their individual populations was not possible. An interim closure to trout harvest on the lower Flathead River was recommended and approved by the Tribal Council until study results can be further analyzed and management options reviewed. Population estimates for northern pike ranged from six/kilometer in poorer habitat, to one hundred three/km in the best habitat in the main Flathead River. Seven pike were radio tagged and their movements monitored. Movements of over 89 km were recorded. One fish left the Flathead River and moved down the Clark Fork to the Plains area. Fish weirs were constructed on the Jocko River and Mission Creek to assess spawning runs of trout from the main river. Thirty-two adult rainbow passed the Jocko weir and twenty-eight passed the Mission weir during the spring spawning season. Twenty adult brown trout were captured at the Jocko weir and five at Mission weir in the fall. The Jocko weir suffered minor damage due to bed load movement during high flows of spring runoff. The structure of trout populations in the lower Flathead River points to spawning and recruitment problems caused by hydroelectric operations and sedimentation. Among the consequences of the present operational regime are constant, rapid changes in river discharge during spawning and Incubation seasons of trout species present in the lower river. Hamilton and Buell (1976) reported that similar fluctuation might exceed tolerance limits of adults and inhibit spawning behavior, dewater redds, strand fry, and displace juveniles to habitats less suitable for survival. Similar problems are felt to exist on the lower river. Constant fluctuations over backwater vegetation have been linked to major problems in successful northern pike spawning and recruitment by preventing access to spawning sites, and dewatering eggs and attached fry. Phase I of the South Bay investigation was completed this year resulting in a detailed study program for the next three years. Dominant habitat types were mapped, and physical habitat and biological monitoring methods were evaluated and selected. Permanent habitat transects, water quality stations, fish sampling, gillnetting, seining, and trapping sites were established.

  3. I I

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    e" Practical Hot Oiling and Hot Watering for Paraffin Control* A.J.Mansure SandiaNational Laboratories K.M. Barker Petrolite ABSTRACT One of the common oil-field wellbore problems...

  4. Exploratory Boreholes At Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    core hole was drilled to 600 m depth approximately 2 km west of the geothermal power plants. The excellent quality of these core holes yielded considerable new information into...

  5. --Finance Home Yahoo! Help AFX News on Yahoo! Finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - -Finance Home Yahoo! Help AFX News on Yahoo! Finance quote news London Go Symbol Lookup Monday. The EU plans to finance 40 pct of the total. bpi-aud/jit-jfs/km/jlw · More From > Previous article

  6. NEA discovery, orbit calculation and impact probability assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waliser, Duane E.

    , 2013 #12;Chelyabinsk, Russia, Feb. 15, 2013 ~20-meter asteroid, 500 kt of energy released at ~30 km of Chelyabinsk Impactor #12;Kepler's Laws 1. The orbit of each planet (or asteroid) is an ellipse, with the Sun

  7. Construction of a Highway Section Within a White-Tailed Deep Winter Yard Near Quebec City, Canada: Mitigation Measures, Monitoring, and Preliminary Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leblanc, Yves; Bélanger, Jacques; Desjardins, Sylvie

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    3S9, Canada Abstract: The construction of a new 10.4 km (6.5during and after the construction. Some preliminary resultsroads. Before and during construction deer were captured

  8. J. Raptor Res. 44(2):000000 E 2010 The Raptor Research Foundation, Inc.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donázar, José A.

    in the Vratsa Mountains, in an area of about 450 km2 in the western portion of the Balkan Mountains, which make up the interior of the Balkan Pen- insula in northwestern Bulgaria (Hammond Inc. 1982). Throughout

  9. Morphology, genetics, and ecology of pocket gophers (genus Geomys) in a narrow hybrid zone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heaney, Lawrence R.; Timm, Robert M.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A population of hybrid pocket gophers (Geomys bursarius × G. lutescens) exists 1–2 km west of Oakdale, Antelope County, Nebraska, U.S.A. The hybrids occur in soil that has characteristics intermediate between that occupied ...

  10. Fractional Diffusion Modeling of Electromagnetic Induction in Fractured Rocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ge, Jianchao

    2014-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

    -2 km, a zone where pores and fractures over various length scales are highly complicated. Spatial confinement of fluid or electric charge transport by the fractal geometry gives rise to interesting dynamic processes within the pore space and fractures...

  11. Can we reconcile differences in estimates of carbon fluxes from land-use change and forestry for the 1990s?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from land-use change and forestry LUC area (100 km 2 yr ?1 )land-use change and forestry Table 6. Sum of Terrestrialfrom land-use change and forestry for the 1990s? A. Ito 1 ,

  12. Soil and water dynamics in a microcatchment system for range improvement in West Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maranz, Steven Jay

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    % of which falls between May and October in the form of brief convective storms (nearest climate data is from Wink, Texas, weather station in Winkler County, 25 km north of the study site). The aridity index, or ratio of precipitation...

  13. An Implementable Proximal Point Algorithmic Framework for Nuclear

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Jul 13, 2009 ... where X ? n1×n2 ,W1 ? Sn1 ,W2 ? Sn2 , Q?(:= m1 ×Km2 ) is the dual cone of Q, and A? denotes the adjoint of A. Here, the notation “? 0” ...

  14. alluvial fans cyprus: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    be walking up to 20km a daynight in temperatures of 30-40 C. Medical be required to fill out a medical questionnaire. This information is confidential and in no way affects...

  15. Alpine Extensional Detachment Tectonics In The Grande Kabylie...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and normal faulting. The lower unit exposes in two half-domes a continuous tectonic pile, 6-8 km thick, of amphibolite facies rocks and orthogneisses affected by...

  16. Reclaiming earthen drainage channels using organic soil amendments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carpenter, Todd A

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Harris County Flood Control District (HCFCD) manages more than 4800 km of drainage waterways in and around Houston, Texas. It is difficult for the HCFCD to maintain channels due to poor vegetation establishment and accelerated erosion...

  17. A comparison of the gravity field over Central Europe from superconducting gravimeters, GRACE and global hydrological models, using EOF analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crossley, David; de Linage, Caroline; Hinderer, Jacques; Boy, Jean-Paul; Famiglietti, James

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    retrieve absolute storage. To compute the ground gravity,storage in four layers within the first 2 m of the ground (ground gravity arises from the local cell (within about 20 km), and the rest comes from global water storage (

  18. Mesozoic to Early Tertiary tectonic-sedimentary evolution of the Northern Neotethys Ocean: evidence from the Beysehir-Hoyran-Hadim Nappes, S.W. Turkey. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrew, Theo

    The Bey?ehir-Hoyran-Hadim Nappes crop out over 700km, from east to west in the Pisidian and Central Taurus Mountains of southern Turkey. During this study, field obsevations of lithological, structural and sedimentological features are combined...

  19. Line asymmetry of solar p-modes: Properties of acoustic sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawan Kumar; Sarbani Basu

    1999-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The observed solar p-mode velocity power spectra are compared with theoretically calculated power spectra over a range of mode degree and frequency. The shape of the theoretical power spectra depends on the depth of acoustic sources responsible for the excitation of p-modes, and also on the multipole nature of the source. We vary the source depth to obtain the best fit to the observed spectra. We find that quadrupole acoustic sources provide a good fit to the observed spectra provided that the sources are located between 700 km and 1050 km below the top of the convection zone. The dipole sources give a good fit for significantly shallower source, with a source-depth of between 120 km and 350 km. The main uncertainty in the determination of depth arises due to poor knowledge of nature of power leakages from modes with adjacent degrees, and the background in the observed spectra.

  20. The impact of bark beetle infestations on monoterpene emissions and secondary organic aerosol formation in western North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berg, A. R.

    Over the last decade, extensive beetle outbreaks in western North America have destroyed over 100 000 km2 of forest throughout British Columbia and the western United States. Beetle infestations impact monoterpene emissions ...

  1. Microsoft Word - 150121_NPR3_Programmatic_Agreement_AG_MH

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    35 mi (56 km) north of the City of Casper, is a Federal government-owned and operated oilfield comprising 9,481 acres (3,837 hectares) currently under the jurisdiction of DOE...

  2. Thermal and mechanical development of the East African Rift System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ebinger, Cynthia Joan

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The deep basins, uplifted flanks, and volcanoes of the Western and Kenya rift systems have developed along the western and eastern margins of the 1300 km-wide East African plateau. Structural patterns deduced from field, ...

  3. advancing subduction boundary: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    widens the thermally-defined seismogenic zone by shifting the intersection of the 350 C isotherm within the plate boundary fault 30 55 km landward. In contrast to the Nankai...

  4. "We will die and become science" : the production of invisibility and public knowledge about Chernobyl radiation effects in Belarus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuchinskaya, Olga

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ci/km²” (Areas with cesium contamination higher than 40 Ci/based on the contamination with Cesium-137); it had enoughsince cesium-137, the major source of contamination, tends

  5. Computational studies and optimization of wakefield accelerators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geddes, C.G.R.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    France [1] ILC- www.linearcollider.org/cms ; LCLS- www-ssrl.slac.stanford.edu/lcls/ [2] T. Tajima and J. M. Dawson,while machines such as the LCLS will use km-scale linacs to

  6. An evaluation of the feasibility of disposal of nuclear waste in very deep boreholes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Victoria Katherine, 1980-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deep boreholes, 3 to 5 km into igneous rock, such as granite, are evaluated for next- generation repository use in the disposal of spent nuclear fuel and other high level waste. The primary focus is on the stability and ...

  7. Radiation and dissipation of internal waves generated by geostrophic motions impinging on small-scale topography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikurashin, Maxim (Maxim Anatolevich)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Observations and inverse models suggest that small-scale turbulent mixing is enhanced in the Southern Ocean in regions above rough topography. The enhancement extends 1 km above the topography suggesting that mixing is ...

  8. Temporal and petrogenetic constraints on volcanic accretionary processes at 9-10 degrees North East Pacific Rise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waters, Christopher L

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Volcanic accretion at the fast-spreading East Pacific Rise (EPR) occurs over a ~2-4 km wide neo-volcanic zone on either side of the axial summit trough (AST). Eruption ages are critical for understanding the distribution ...

  9. auger electrons comparison: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (or simply Auger'') is still underway, the 5165 km2.sr.yr integrated acceptance accumulated since the January 1st, 2004 is now significantly larger than what was gathered...

  10. auger photoelectron coincidence: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (or simply Auger'') is still underway, the 5165 km2.sr.yr integrated acceptance accumulated since the January 1st, 2004 is now significantly larger than what was gathered...

  11. Geochemical heterogeneity in the Hawaiian plume : constraints from Hawaiian volcanoes and Emperor seamounts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Shichun

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 6000-km long, age-progressive linear Hawaii-Emperor Chain is one of the best defined hotspot tracks. This hotspot track plays an important role in the plume hypothesis. In this research, geochemical data on the ...

  12. 915-MHz Radar Wind Profiler (915RWP) Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coulter, R

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 915 MHz radar wind profiler/radio acoustic sounding system (RWP/RASS) measures wind profiles and backscattered signal strength between (nominally) 0.1 km and 5 km and virtual temperature profiles between 0.1 km and 2.5 km. It operates by transmitting electromagnetic energy into the atmosphere and measuring the strength and frequency of backscattered energy. Virtual temperatures are recovered by transmitting an acoustic signal vertically and measuring the electromagnetic energy scattered from the acoustic wavefront. Because the propagation speed of the acoustic wave is proportional to the square root of the virtual temperature of the air, the virtual temperature can be recovered by measuring the Doppler shift of the scattered electromagnetic wave.

  13. Ground Gravity Survey At Neal Hot Springs Geothermal Area (U...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hot Springs. Data from these surveys will be integrated with older data from Chevron Minerals 1979 drill hole. Notes The gravity survey covered an area of approximately 34 km2...

  14. accent propulsion lander: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    polar cap atmospheric scale heights or >30 km 12;Viking surface pressure data 8 7 mbar 10 mbar Ls0 Ls0 Ls0 Ls0 121 A simple method for supporting future landers by...

  15. Investigations in Southeast Texas Precipitating Storms: Modeled and Observed Characteristics, Model Sensitivities, and Educational Benefits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopper, Larry

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    triply-nested mesoscale model simulations are conducted for each case using single- and double- moment microphysics with four convective treatments (i.e., two convective parameterizations and explicit vs. parameterized convection at 9 km). Observed...

  16. Crustal thinning between the Ethiopian and East African Plateaus from modeling Rayleigh wave dispersion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benoit, M H; Nyblade, A A; Pasyanos, M E

    2006-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The East African and Ethiopian Plateaus have long been recognized to be part of a much larger topographic anomaly on the African Plate called the African Superswell. One of the few places within the African Superswell that exhibit elevations of less than 1 km is southeastern Sudan and northern Kenya, an area containing both Mesozoic and Cenozoic rift basins. Crustal structure and uppermost mantle velocities are investigated in this area by modeling Rayleigh wave dispersion. Modeling results indicate an average crustal thickness of 25 {+-} 5 km, some 10-15 km thinner than the crust beneath the adjacent East African and Ethiopian Plateaus. The low elevations can therefore be readily attributed to an isostatic response from crustal thinning. Low Sn velocities of 4.1-4.3 km/s also characterize this region.

  17. Seismic facies and growth history of Miocene carbonate platforms, Wonocolo Formation, North Madura area, East Java Basin, Indonesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adhyaksawan, Rahadian

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Miocene Wonocolo Formation in the North Madura area, East Java Basin, contains numerous isolated carbonate platforms that are broadly distributed across a ~3000 sq km area of the Indonesian back-arc region. The Wonocolo platforms provide...

  18. Redox-Reactive Membrane Vesicles produced by Shewanella. | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    indicators of early life on earth and as biosignatures of like on other planets is recognized. Citation: Gorby YA, JS McLean, AA Korenevsky, KM Rosso, MY El-Naggar,...

  19. The Ants of Fiji

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarnat, Eli M.; Economo, Evan P.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    nr Nuku Vlg. Ocean Pacific Ocean Pacific Ratu Sukuna Parknr Nabukavesi Vlg. Ocean Pacific Resort, 2km SE Nabukavesi700 b, Navai 700, Ocean Pacific 1, Mt. Naqarababuluti 912,

  20. Precision requirements for space-based X CO 2 data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    continent in June 2003, and 727 km over the Pacific Ocean.Data over the Pacific Ocean were a composite of multiplekm (September 2000) over the Pacific Ocean. The two sets of

  1. AUTONOMIC MULTIMEDIA DELIVERY SERVICES SELF-CONFIGURATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AUTONOMIC MULTIMEDIA DELIVERY SERVICES SELF-CONFIGURATION I. Al-oqily1 , A. Alshtnawi2 , K.M. Al-configuration architecture for multimedia delivery services. Index Terms-- self-configuration, autonomic computing, overlay

  2. Ultrarapid exhumation of ultrahigh-pressure diamond-bearing metasedimentary rocks of the Kokchetav Massif, Kazakhstan?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Bradley R.

    Massif, Kazakhstan? $ Bradley R. Hackera,*, Andrew Calverta , R.Y. Zhangb , W. Gary Ernstb , J.G. Lioub, Kazakhstan (Fig. 1), is a large ( f 10­15 Â 150 km) ultrahigh-pressure terrane, distinctive because

  3. ambrym volcano vanuatu: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to 3 km thick Shield volcano Slightly sloped Up to 9000 m Basalt Gentle, some Hawaii high fire fountains Iceland Composite volcano Laske, Gabi 52 Learning to Recognize Volcanoes on...

  4. area telescope all-sky: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    a next generation water Cherenkov detector. To attain a low energy threshold and have high sensitivity the detector should be located at high altitude (> 4km) and have a large...

  5. Adaptation to Climate Change; from Resilience to Transformation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botea, Adi

    CANCUN HOTEL ZONE ~2000 #12;HURRICANES LANDED IN QUINTANA ROO NAME CATEGORY DATE WIND(km/h) · No name H1 institutions. #12;Mortality against temperature Ambulance calls against temperature Heatwave in London

  6. Integral geometry of tensor fields on a class of non-simple ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    k.M/ be a Riemannian metric on it. We can always assume that .M; @M/ is ..... with 1-forms) and the L2 space of functions in M. Also, we will work in Sobolev Hs ..... (

  7. Geologic evolution of Iron Mountain, central Mojave Desert, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boettcher, Stefan S.; Walker, J. Douglas

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Geologic mapping, structural analysis, petrologic study, and U-Pb geochronology at Iron Mountain, 20 km southwest of Barstow, California, place important constraints on the paleogeographic affinities of metasedimentary ...

  8. age dependent t2: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    observed at near detectors placed at 280 m from the production target and at the far detector -- Super-Kamiokande (SK) -- located 295 km away. The flux prediction is an essential...

  9. acetoacetyl-coa thiolase t2: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    observed at near detectors placed at 280 m from the production target and at the far detector -- Super-Kamiokande (SK) -- located 295 km away. The flux prediction is an essential...

  10. aberrant early-phase erk: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of the pulsar - supernova envelope interaction. We find that a 1 km2 neutrino detector should be able to detect neutrinos above 1 TeV within about one year after the...

  11. Solar-Hydrogen Fuel-Cell Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeLuchi, Mark A.; Ogden, Joan M.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    FCEVs because the peak-power battery in the 160-km FCEVmustto use a small, high-power battery to provide the peak powerbipolar lead/acid peak-power battery in a FCEV would be more

  12. Decadal Change in Vegetation and Soil Phosphorus Pattern across the Everglades Landscape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to eutrophication tend to be more rapid and longer ing into Everglades wetlands has been considerably en- lasting role in the eutrophication of than 1 km from the western margin canal into the Loxahatchee NWR

  13. Structural constraints on the exhumation of the Tso Morari Dome, NW Himalaya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Ryan J

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Tso Morari culmination in the Ladakh region of northwest India is a large (>3,000 km²) structural dome cored by coesite-bearing rocks of Indian continental crustal affinity. As one of only two localities in the Himalaya ...

  14. Channel response to Dam Removal, Clear Creek, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Peter; Vizcaino, Pilar

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to Dam Removal, Clear Creek, California Peter Miller and9, 2004 Abstract Clear Creek drains 720 km 2 , joining the2002) Saeltzer Dam on Clear Creek was a good candidate for

  15. Present State of the Hydrothermal System in Long Valley Caldera...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Valley caldera to be delineated. The model consists of two principal zones in which hot water flows laterally from west to east at depths less than 1 km within and around the...

  16. Investigation of novel geophysical techniques for monitoring CO2 movement during sequestration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoversten, G. Michael; Gasperikova, Erika

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Self-potential studies at the Cerro Prieto geothermal field:self-potential data from the Cerro Prieto geothermal field,distance of about 7 km at Cerro Prieto geothermal field in

  17. Field Projects and Research Highlights for Jeff Nystuen 2004/2005 1. Spatial Averaging of Rain Generated Sound in the Ionian Sea, Greece: Jan-Apr 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nystuen, Jeffrey A.

    Generated Sound in the Ionian Sea, Greece: Jan-Apr 2004 An acoustic mooring with 4 PALs was deployed in 3 km deep water off the southwestern coast of Greece. Co-located radar measurements show the spatial

  18. Multi-parameter estimation in glacier models with adjoint and algorithmic differentiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Andrew D. (Andrew Donaldson)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The cryosphere is comprised of about 33 million km³ of ice, which corresponds to 70 meters of global mean sea level equivalent [30]. Simulating continental ice masses, such as the Antarctic or Greenland Ice Sheets, requires ...

  19. Crater ice deposits near the south pole of Mars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Westbrook, Owen William

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Layered deposits atop both Martian poles are thought to preserve a record of past climatic conditions in up to three km of water ice and dust. Just beyond the extent of these south polar layered deposits (SPLD), dozens of ...

  20. autogenous costal perichondrial: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of both models represents 1,463.45 km2 on the island that can be developed for algaebased bioenergy Gilbes, Fernando 13 Cell, Vol. 90, 235245, July 25, 1997, Copyright 1997 by Cell...

  1. algal hosts cystoseira: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of both models represents 1,463.45 km2 on the island that can be developed for algaebased bioenergy Gilbes, Fernando 62 Behavioural Response in Plants: Adjustment in Algal...

  2. algal symbiont dinoroseobacter: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of both models represents 1,463.45 km2 on the island that can be developed for algaebased bioenergy Gilbes, Fernando 106 Behavioural Response in Plants: Adjustment in Algal...

  3. alginate immobilized algal: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of both models represents 1,463.45 km2 on the island that can be developed for algaebased bioenergy Gilbes, Fernando 98 Behavioural Response in Plants: Adjustment in Algal...

  4. axenically cultured algal: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of both models represents 1,463.45 km2 on the island that can be developed for algaebased bioenergy Gilbes, Fernando 64 Behavioural Response in Plants: Adjustment in Algal...

  5. algal turf scrubbers: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of both models represents 1,463.45 km2 on the island that can be developed for algaebased bioenergy Gilbes, Fernando 93 Behavioural Response in Plants: Adjustment in Algal...

  6. algal lipid bodies: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of both models represents 1,463.45 km2 on the island that can be developed for algaebased bioenergy Gilbes, Fernando 82 Behavioural Response in Plants: Adjustment in Algal...

  7. algal control agent: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of both models represents 1,463.45 km2 on the island that can be developed for algaebased bioenergy Gilbes, Fernando 271 Behavioural Response in Plants: Adjustment in Algal...

  8. Universittsmedizin Gttingen Publikationen und Hochschulschriften 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gollisch, Tim

    , Stürmer KM, Frosch KH (2009) Impact of monopolar radiofrequency energy on subchondral bone viability. Knee, Dresing K (2009) Improving education on C-arm operation and radiation protection with a computer

  9. Sayan Ranges, and Tian Shan, which skirt the border regions of Russia, Mongolia, China, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeng, Ning

    , 903 (1996). 3. D. K. Lilly and P. F. Lester, J. Atmos. Sci. 31, 800 (1974). 4. J. T. Bacmeister, P. A-SPAS orbited 100 km behind the shuttle, with the CRISTA

  10. Microsoft PowerPoint - Ugur_Akgun_Univ_Iowa_Lecture

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    will travel round the 27km ring over 11000 times a second THE EMPTIEST SPACE IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM... To accelerate protons to almost the speed of light, we need a vacuum similar...

  11. HLB in Argentina: a New Disease Outbreak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Vol. 1 (2014) HLB in Argentina: a New Disease Outbreak Outi,E. 6 SENASA, Bs. As. Argentina MAGyP Bs. As INTA Montecarlo,Paraná, 300 km away from Argentina’s Northeastern border. In

  12. Singularity free anisotropic strange quintessence star

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piyali Bhar

    2014-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Present paper provides a new model of anisotropic strange star corresponding to the exterior schwarzschild metric. The Einstein field equations have been solved by utilizing the Krori Barua (KB) ansatz in presence of quintessence field characterized by a parameter omegaq . The obtained solutions are free from central singularity. Our model is potentially stable.The numerical values of mass of the different strange stars SAXJ1808.4-3658(SS1)(radius=7.07 km),4U1820- 30 (radius=10 km),Vela X-12 (radius=9.99 km),PSR J 1614-2230 (radius=10.3 km) obtained from our model is very close to the observational data that confirms the validity of our proposed model. The interior solution is also matched to the exterior Schwarzschild spacetime in presence of thin shell where negative surface pressure is required to hold the thin shell against collapse.

  13. Longitudinal Cluster Analysis with Applications to Growth Trajectories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heggeseth, Brianna

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from analysis after running K-means on original data undertransformations and the k-means clustering algorithm”. Theand B. Falissard. “KmL: K-means for longitudinal data”.

  14. Surface Science Letters Surface to bulk charge transfer at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nazionale per la Fisica della Materia, Basovizza SS14 Km 163.5, I-34012 Trieste, Italy d Department of Physics, University of Trieste, Via Valerio 2, I-34100 Trieste, Italy e CLRC, Daresbury Laboratory

  15. Food choice of wintering redhead ducks Aythya americana and utilization of available resources in Lower Laguna Madre, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cornelius, Stephen Eugene

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    km south of Punta Algodones at the entrance to Lacuna Catan. It usually remains productive longer than the north sector during periods of low rainfall since gulf connections are more permanent. A wind tide flat extends from this point south...

  16. 300°C Capable Electronics Platform and Temperature Sensor System For Enhanced Geothermal Systems

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Project objectives: Enable geothermal wellbore monitoring through the development of SiC based electronics and ceramic packaging capable of sustained operation at temperatures up to 300?C and 10 km depth. Demonstrate the technology with a temperature sensor system.

  17. SHORT COMMUNICATIONS Nesting Biology of Euglossa dodsoni Moure (Hymenoptera: Euglossinae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    an isolated trail leading from the main road between Fortuna and Bocas del Toro (Chiriqui´ Province, Republic of Panama), approximately 2 km E of the Fortuna Dam. Nests were collected and transported to the Centro de

  18. Formation of Ishtar Terra, Venus: Surface and gravity constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, Vicki

    ) and outboard tesserae western Fortuna, Clotho, Atropos, and Itzpapalotl (1­4.5 km above MPR), re- spectively- tonic fabric of the montes and tesserae. In Maxwell­western Fortuna and in Akna-At- ropos, parallelism

  19. Demographics, Life Cycle, Habitat Characterization and Transplant Methods for the Endangered Orchid, Spiranthes parksii Correll

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammons, Jonathan R.

    2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Spiranthes parksii Correll is an endemic terrestrial orchid to the Post Oak Savannah of East Texas and is currently listed as federally endangered. The construction of Twin Oaks landfill, approximately 20 km east of College Station, TX, will destroy...

  20. Geophysical limitations on the erosion history within Arabia Terra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Alex J.

    The Arabia Terra region, an area of ~1 × 10[superscript 7] km[superscript 2] lying south of the hemispheric dichotomy boundary and centered at (25E, 5N), is a unique physiographic province with topography and crustal ...

  1. E-Print Network 3.0 - amsr aqua amsr-e Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on AQUA offer horizontal resolutions of 6x4 km at 89... 2 12;12;Operational Sea Ice Remote Sensing with AMSR-E 89 GHz Channels (Invited Paper) Gunnar... ). The sampling...

  2. inp_30cm_60x60_1_200Hz_lime_shale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... ros(2)= solid grains density (shale)(kg/m^3) used 1.81465889E+10 km(2)= Bulk modulus dry matrix (Pa) used 1.33564722E+10 mum(2)= shear modulus dry

  3. Micro-Earthquake At Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area (Kenedi...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    were recorded during this study. Most earthquakes recorded in the region were less than 0.5 and occurred 2-3 km deep. Three analytical techniques were applied to this study: Shear...

  4. Refraction Survey At North Brawley Geothermal Area (Fruis & Kohler...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    at 7 different shot points. Over 100 portable seismic sensors were spaced out between 0.5 and 1 km intervals throughout the valley, over 1300 recording location were used, and...

  5. Relationships between walking and percentiles of adiposity in older and younger men

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Paul T.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    old 65-74.9 yrs old Body mass index (kg/m 2) 90th percentile50th percentile10th percentile Weekly walking distance (km) Slope (?kg/m 2

  6. Geochemical properties of the Beni Bousera (N. Morocco) peridotites : a field and laboratory approach to understanding melt infiltration and extraction in an orogenic peridotite massif

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manthei, Christian D. (Christian David)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Beni Bousera ultramafic massif is a tectonically emplaced body of upper mantle material that is exposed over 72 km2 in the Betic-Rif-Tell orogenic belt of northern Morocco. The massif is composed primarily of spinel ...

  7. TECHNICAL REPORTS Biochar (BC) was evaluated for nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lehmann, Johannes

    influence the molecular structure and pore size distribution of BC, which are factors that govern its a quarter of the rivers and streams in the United States (1,500,000 km) have been assessed, of which half

  8. ENGINEERING EDUCATION IN POLAND Roman Morawski, Brian Manhire* and Janusz Starzyk*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Starzyk, Janusz A.

    , the Repub- lic of Poland is slightly smaller (312 683 sq km) than New Mexico with a (98 % ethnic Polish and steel, coal mining, chemicals, ship building, food processing, glass, beverages and textiles

  9. Horns RevHorns Rev Offshore Wind FarmOffshore Wind Farm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horns RevHorns Rev Offshore Wind FarmOffshore Wind Farm #12;Prepared for: ELSAM A/S, Overgade 45 prior to the construction of an offshore wind farm at Horns Rev, situated approximately 15 km off

  10. A bow shock model for the wind-ISM interaction of the run-away Wolf-Rayet star WR 124

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Sluys, Marc

    causes a bow shock instead of a spherical bubble. The following points provide evidence for this bow. The dotted lines display the posi- tion and radial velocity of WR 124. This fit suggests that vism ¨ 180 km s

  11. aboveground primary production: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    plant biomass, and above and belowground annual net primary productivity for Canada north of the northern limit of trees. The area mapped covers 2.5 million km2 including...

  12. asia melting glaciers: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Liyun Zhao a , Ran Ding a , John C change by 2050 of all 67,028 glaciers, with a total area of 122,969 km2 , delineated in the Randolph Glacier Inventory 2.0 of high mountain...

  13. Bringing it all together David R. Maidment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Zong-Liang

    on plant and animal life ­ On a human level as to impacts on water supply, power plant operations, air Source: Julia Slingo, UK Met Office #12;Proposed 1 km Simulation Domain for North America Source: Pier

  14. Ramp compression of iron to 273 GPa Jue Wang, Raymond F. Smith, Jon H. Eggert, Dave G. Braun, Thomas R. Boehly et al.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duffy, Thomas S.

    to the Earth's core. Using wave-profile analysis, the sound speed and the stress-density response were km depth),6 with the crystalline inner core being sur- rounded by the liquid outer core. While

  15. Childhood Obesity Among Children of Mexican Descent: A Binational Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosas, Lisa G.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    KM. Prevalence of overweight and obesity among US children,Prevalence of overweight and obesity in the United States,55. Whitaker RC, Orzol SM. Obesity among US urban preschool

  16. Polychaete Annelid Dynamics in the Northern Gulf of Mexico, From Shallow Water to the Deep-Sea 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Fangyuan

    2014-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Polychaete annelids dominated the macrobenthos in sediments located 5 to 9 km from the Deep Water Horizon (DWH) Oil Spill site five months after the event. Numbers of species, abundance, and biodiversity indices in the polychaete taxa were...

  17. A numerical study of frictional entrainment in a cyclonic gulf stream ring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrar, Paul Denton

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is in km r Bz Br and z in m. 1~8 Bs Scaled contours of ? ? ; r is in km r Br Bz and z in m. 8 E Scaled contours of C ~a , ' r is in km az and z in m. 35 36 37 38 15. Contours of kinetic energy density in joules/m r is in km and z in m. 43 Contours... further condition which is required by axisymmetry is that the meridional-plane velocities be non ? divergent, allowing representa- tion. by a streamf'unction (g). 10 2nr Bz (la) 2rr Br (lb) where u and w re the r and z velocity components, with z...

  18. Antarctic sea ice control on ocean circulation in present and glacial climates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrari, Raffaele

    In the modern climate, the ocean below 2 km is mainly filled by waters sinking into the abyss around Antarctica and in the North Atlantic. Paleoproxies indicate that waters of North Atlantic origin were instead absent below ...

  19. Families of fifth order Runge-Kutta formulas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konen, Harry Paul

    1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I=le219 DO 11 KV=le5 DO 11 KM~Ie5 11 PIKVelaKM) ~ Oa0 )2 BIN)I )~Q ~ 0 DQ 13 I~1 e25 30 XO(I)~0 ~ 0 DO 13 KM=&o20 X(laKM )~0 ~ 0 DQ 30 Io=& e &70 DO 30 J~&?20 XVAR(l?J) ~ 0 ' 0 NX?- N?aK MP=M+1 THE POLYNOMIAL COEFFICIENTS OF ANY... INITIAL CONDITIQNS AS NUMBERS NEXT' READ (5?901) (XO(I)e&e'&?NX) DO 40 1~&?25 40 X(lol)=XQ(I) COMPUTE THE CONSTANT COEFFICIENTS FOR XO~O NEXT' 50 60 DQ 50 Ia'laK JR~I DQ 50 Jaa) a N KVaa((J 1)aaN)+I XJ JP CX( I a J) ~ XQ(KV) i XJ JPaa JPaa J...

  20. Vol.11, No.2 GLOBAL OCEAN ECOSYSTEM DYNAMICS OCTOBER 2005 GLOBEC Editorial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heino, Mikko

    understanding of fish response to the environment is generally more obvious at the meso-scale (10- 100km, days of fish response to climate compatible with process understanding requires that meso-scale oceanic