National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for kingdom la8 nh

  1. Crusades & Latin Kingdoms History 430

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, Robin

    1 Crusades & Latin Kingdoms History 430 Consider Resources Primary Resources: diaries, letters. popular), theses, the Web Check subject guides: Research by Subject History By Region British Medieval Online - History Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium Oxford Dictionary of British History Oxford Dictionary

  2. York's Wild Kingdom : a development proposal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rae, Kimberley Whiting

    2008-01-01

    York's Wild Kingdom is a privately held zoo and amusement park in York, a Massachusetts based shopping center developer and investment compa Kingdom and the 150 acres that surround it. The community is culturaIl ( and York ...

  3. 5, 1133111375, 2005 NH total ozone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ACPD 5, 11331­11375, 2005 NH total ozone increase S. Dhomse et al. Title Page Abstract Introduction On the possible causes of recent increases in NH total ozone from a statistical analysis of satellite data from License. 11331 #12;ACPD 5, 11331­11375, 2005 NH total ozone increase S. Dhomse et al. Title Page Abstract

  4. Thermomagnetic Torque in Nh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adair, Thomas W.; McClurg, G. R.

    1970-01-01

    raises the question of whether the Scott torque has the same sign as the molecular g~ factor in ammonia as it does in all other gases. The research reported here shows that NH3 is quite normal. Progress on a detailed theory for the transport... torque. The new ap- paratus' used in the present work gave no measur- able torque at zero magnetic field, and therefore no correction was needed. The ammonia was high-purity gas from the Mathe- son Gas Products Company with a stated purity of 99. 99...

  5. Publisher's Note: "Ab initio potential energy surfaces for NH,,3 -...-NH,,3 -

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Publisher's Note: "Ab initio potential energy surfaces for NH,,3 - ...-NH,,3 - ... with analytical.174.143.43. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http://jcp.aip.org/about/rights_and_permissions #12;

  6. Boats of Egypt before the old kingdom 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vinson, Steve

    1987-01-01

    BOATS OF EGYPT BEFORE THE OLD KINGDOM A Thesis By STEPHEN MICHAEL VINSON Submitted to the Graduate Col 1 ega of Texas AAM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS August l987 Major Subject...: Anthropology BOATS OF EGYPT BEFORE THE OLD KINGDOM A Thesis By STEPHEN MICHAEL VINSON Aooroved as to style and content bv". Georg F. Bass (Chairman of Committee) Richard Steff'y (Member) Clinton A, Phillips (Member) Frederick H. Van Doorninck...

  7. Apple Tree, NH Big Tree for May By Anne Krantz, NH Big Tree Team,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    Apple Tree, NH Big Tree for May By Anne Krantz, NH Big Tree Team, UNH Cooperative Extension The explosion of apple blossoms in May transforms the most gnarled old tree into a delicate cloud of beauty (1817-1862) in his essay "The Wild Apple Tree," described the blossoms perfectly: `The flowers

  8. The boatbuilding industry of New Kingdom Egypt 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monroe, Christopher Mountfort

    1990-01-01

    THE BOATBUiLDING INDUSTRY OF NEW KIN DOM EGYPT A Thesis by CHRISTOPHER MOUNTFORT MONROE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A@M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS August... 1990 Major Subject: Anthropology THE BOATBUILDING INDUSTRY OF NEW KINGDOM EGYPT A Thesis by CHRISTOPHER MOUNTFORT MONROE Approved as to style and content by: George . Bass (Chair of Committee) Vaughn Bryant (Head of Department) , !q; Fredeg...

  9. Chromista is a major eukaryotic kingdom comprising algae and former protozoa that is evolutionarily entirely distinct from the kingdoms Plantae and Protozoa (Cavalier-Smith 2007). Chromist chloroplasts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldschmidt, Christina

    1 Chromista is a major eukaryotic kingdom comprising algae and former protozoa chloroplasts were acquired secondarily by enslavement of a red alga, itself a member of kingdom Plantae

  10. Category:Concord, NH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButte County,Camilla, Georgia: Energy014771°,NorthCLEAN WebinarNH Jump to:

  11. United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company) JumpGTZ Climate OrientedUnionUnitedKingdom: Energy

  12. Aggregate model and analysis of the energy dynamics in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Ahmed, Khalid A. (Khalid Abdulrahim)

    2012-01-01

    The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is facing a crisis in the near future centered on increasing energy consumption. Today, the kingdom consumes approximately 1/3 of its oil production. If no action is taken and the kingdom continues ...

  13. Use of the Internet among dermatologists in the United Kingdom, Sweden and Norway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gjersvik, Petter Jensen; Nylenna, Magne; Aasland, Olaf Gjerløw

    2002-01-01

    Denmark, Iceland, and Norway, 2000. [In Swedish]. 9.United Kingdom, Sweden and Norway Petter Jensen Gjersvik 1Kingdom, Sweden, and Norway. Six hundred fifty-three (51%)

  14. nh Gi Tn Hi Ti Nguyn Thin Nhin do Trn Du Deep Horizon Gim nh bt Nhm Tng ni

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    vàng và cá kim. Thit b dây câu vàng s vô tình bt phi nhng loài cá khác cng nh nhng cá th còn quá nh ca là thi gian ngh ngi. Các d án cng cung cp cho nhng ng dân tham gia hai loi thit b ánh bt thay th - tr

  15. Proton transfer dynamics of the reaction H3O ,,NH3 ,H2O...NH4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrar, James M.

    Proton transfer dynamics of the reaction H3O¿ ,,NH3 ,H2O...NH4 ¿ studied using the crossed, Rochester, New York 14627 Received 29 September 2003; accepted 8 October 2003 The proton transfer reaction sharply asymmetry, and the maximum is close to the velocity and direction of the precursor ammonia beam

  16. Expedient benevolence : international development and the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pandit, Ninad (Ninad Ravindra)

    2009-01-01

    This thesis examines the role of International Development in the United Kingdom during its transition from a colonial ruler to a neo-liberal capitalist state. Starting with the inter-war period, it looks at the changing ...

  17. Geoelectric Fields and Geomagnetically Induced Currents in the United Kingdom 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKay, Allan John

    This thesis investigates geo-electric fields in the United Kingdom with particular regard to Geomagnetically Induced Currents (GIC) in the Scottish Power electricity transmission network (SPTN). The joint spectral ...

  18. CHARACTERIZATION OF THE SELECTIVE REDUCTION OF NO BY NH3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucas, D.

    2014-01-01

    in this study. with coal type. limiting the NH The optimumlight oil and several types of coal, and have provided somecombustion air. Several types of coal with different sulfur

  19. A Bioenergetic Biomagnification Model for the Animal Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gobas, Frank

    A Bioenergetic Biomagnification Model for the Animal Kingdom A D R I A N M . H . D E B R U Y N they accumulate dietary contaminants. Bioenergetic processes play a key role in chemical uptake and elimination derived bioenergetic parameters for a diverse suite of species, including herbivores and carnivores

  20. Perceiving light versus material Frederick A.A. Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kingdom, Frederick A. A.

    Perceiving light versus material Frederick A.A. Kingdom McGill Vision Research, 687 Pine Av. W. Rm s t r a c t Humans rarely confuse variations in light intensity, such as shadows, shading, light sources to discriminate light from material. These cues include luminance relations, figural relations, 3D-shape, depth

  1. Renewable Energy Scenarios for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    Renewable Energy Scenarios for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Yasser Al-Saleh, Paul Upham and Khaleel Malik October 2008 Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research Working Paper 125 #12;Renewable Energy compromising those of future generations. Renewable energy technologies, in particular, are becoming

  2. Selective Catalytic Oxidation (SCO) of NH3 to N2 for Hot Exhaust...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Oxidation (SCO) of NH3 to N2 for Hot Exhaust Treatment Selective Catalytic Oxidation (SCO) of NH3 to N2 for Hot Exhaust Treatment Investigation of a series of transition metal...

  3. Study of On-Board Ammonia (NH3) Generation for SCR Operation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Study of On-Board Ammonia (NH3) Generation for SCR Operation Study of On-Board Ammonia (NH3) Generation for SCR Operation The feasibility of on-board ammonia generation was...

  4. 1 -NH Coverts Project: 1995-2002 Program Evaluation The New Hampshire Coverts Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    1 - NH Coverts Project: 1995-2002 Program Evaluation The New Hampshire Coverts Project In Their Own, sexual orientation, or veteran's status. #12;2 - NH Coverts Project: 1995-2002 Program Evaluation of responses to open-ended question (#12) 19 #12;3 - NH Coverts Project: 1995-2002 Program Evaluation

  5. Effects of reactant rotational excitations on H{sub 2} + NH{sub 2} ? H + NH{sub 3} reactivity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Song, Hongwei; Guo, Hua

    2014-12-28

    Rotational mode specificity of the title reaction is examined using an initial state selected time-dependent wave packet method on an accurate ab initio based global potential energy surface. This penta-atomic reaction presents an ideal system to test several dynamical approximations, which might be useful for future quantum dynamics studies of polyatomic reactions, particularly with rotationally excited reactants. The first approximation involves a seven-dimensional (7D) model in which the two non-reactive N–H bonds are fixed at their equilibrium geometry. The second is the centrifugal sudden (CS) approximation within the 7D model. Finally, the J-shifting (JS) model is tested, again with the fixed N–H bonds. The spectator-bond approximation works very well in the energy range studied, while the centrifugal sudden and J-shifting integral cross sections (ICSs) agree satisfactorily with the coupled-channel counterparts in the low collision energy range, but deviate at the high energies. The calculated integral cross sections indicate that the rotational excitation of H{sub 2} somewhat inhibits the reaction while the rotational excitations of NH{sub 2} have little effect. These findings are compared with the predictions of the sudden vector projection model. Finally, a simple model is proposed to predict rotational mode specificity using K-averaged reaction probabilities.

  6. Delict, Contract, and the Bill of Rights: A Perspective from the United Kingdom 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacQueen, Hector L

    2004-01-01

    The article offers a comparative approach to the impact of South Africa's Bill of Rights on the law of delict and contract in the United Kingdom.

  7. EUDEEP (Smart Grid Project) (United Kingdom) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, AlabamaETEC GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: ETEC GmbHUnited Kingdom) Jump to:

  8. Leeds, United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervarLeeds, United Kingdom: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,

  9. Norwich, United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII Jump to:Information 3rd|Northfork Electric Coop, IncUSA LLCUnited Kingdom:

  10. Hollow-fiber gas-membrane process for removal of NH{sub 3} from solution of NH{sub 3} and CO{sub 2}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Qin, Y.; Cabral, J.M.S.; Wang, S.

    1996-07-01

    A hollow-fiber supported gas membrane process for the separation of NH{sub 3} from aqueous solutions containing both NH{sub 3} and CO{sub 2} was investigated theoretically and experimentally. A lumen laminar flow and radial diffusion model was applied to calculate the membrane wall transfer coefficient from the data stripping a single volatile component, NH{sub 3} or CO{sub 2}, from their individual aqueous solutions. Influence of the type of membranes and operating conditions on mass-transfer rate were discussed, especially the influence of the membrane transfer coefficient on the film mass-transfer coefficient in the lumen. Appropriate configurations of the hollow-fiber modules for stripping of a single component were analyzed to optimize mass transfer. To predict the stripping of NH{sub 3} from a solution containing NH{sub 3} and CO{sub 2}, a mathematical model incorporating local chemical equilibria and Nernst-Planck diffusion was developed to describe the mass transport. The models described the experimental data fairly well. The experimental results showed that the supported gas membrane process can be used to remove NH{sub 3} effectively from aqueous media containing NH{sub 3} and CO{sub 2}.

  11. A comparison of the progression on sustainable procurement between England and Scotland following the United Kingdom’s third sustainable development strategy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodward, Caitlin

    In 2005, the United Kingdom published its third sustainable development strategy and simultaneously announced its goal to become a leader in the European Union on sustainable procurement by 2009. Four sustainable development priorities and six key...

  12. Flood Risk Management As Being Practiced in Japan, Netherlands, United Kingdom,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    #12;#12;Flood Risk Management Approaches As Being Practiced in Japan, Netherlands, United Kingdom.........................................................................................................2 1.3 Flood Risk Management, A Conceptual Framework) ............................................................6 2.1.2 Flood Risk Assessment and the UK Flooding Foresight Study (United Kingdom).10 2

  13. Ship of the God: The Amun-Userhet in New Kingdom Egypt 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collier, Megan

    2013-10-30

    to it that can give us insight into its function in New Kingdom religion. Through the review of the surviving iconography, artifacts, and written accounts of the Amun-Userhet, this thesis looks at the role this ship played in the development of New Kingdom...

  14. Modeling Study of SCR/PGM Interactions in NH3 Slip Catalysts

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The focus of this research is on the optimization of NH3 slip catalyst performance by simulating the behavior of different SCR/PGM configurations.

  15. Opal Palmer Adisa. It Begins With Tears (Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann Press, 1997).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devlin, Leslie

    1997-01-01

    Opal Palmer Adisa. It Begins With Tears (Portsmouth, NH:Tears, is the first novel of Opal Palmer Adisa. She was born

  16. nh Gi Thit Hi Ti Nguyn Thin Nhin Do S C Trn Du Deepwater Horizon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    lên các bãi bin trng bng phng. Vt liu này cng có th nm thành di nh dài hai dm theo ng mc thy triu và di mc thy triu thuc phía Vnh Fort Pickens, thnh thong khách thm cng hay bi li ch này. Các mnh nh nha

  17. Simulation of an Ar/NH{sub 3} low pressure magnetized direct current discharge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li Zhi [School of Science, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Anshan 114051 (China); School of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Zhao Zhen [School of Chemistry and Life Science, Anshan Normal University, Anshan 114007 (China); School of Chemical Engineering, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Anshan 114051 (China); Li Xuehui [Physiccal Science and Technical College, Dalian University, Dalian 116622 (China)

    2013-01-15

    A two-dimensional fluid model has been used to investigate the properties of plasma in an Ar/NH{sub 3} low pressure magnetized direct current discharge. We compared the simulation results with the theoretical and experimental results of the other gas discharge in which the magnetic field is considered. Results that obtained using this method are in good agreement with literature. The simulation results show that the positive ammonia ion density follows the positive argon ion density. The Ar{sub 2}{sup +} density is slightly higher than the Ar{sup +} density at 100 mTorr. The largest ammonia ion is NH{sub 3}{sup +} ion, followed by NH{sub 2}{sup +}, NH{sub 4}{sup +}, and NH{sup +} ions. The contribution of NH{sup +} ions to the density of the positive ammonia ions is marginal. The influence of pressure on the plasma discharge has been studied by simulation, and the mechanisms have been discussed. The average plasma density increases as pressure increased. The plasma density appears to be more inhomogeneous than that at the lower pressure. The ratio of charge particles changed as pressure increased. The Ar{sup +} density is slightly higher than the Ar{sub 2}{sup +} density as the pressure increased. It makes NH{sub 4}{sup +} ratio increase as pressure increased. It shows that the electron temperature drops with rising pressure by numerical calculation.

  18. Global distributions, time series and error characterization of atmospheric ammonia (NH[subscript 3]) from IASI satellite observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Damme, M.

    Ammonia (NH[subscript 3]) emissions in the atmosphere have increased substantially over the past decades, largely because of intensive livestock production and use of fertilizers. As a short-lived species, NH[subscript 3] ...

  19. "Auto"-mobile Beijing : a bicycle network for a renewed "bicycle kingdom"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liau, August

    2011-01-01

    This thesis intends to be a catalyst for a renewed bicycle culture in Beijing, the capital of the former "Bicycle Kingdom". Beijing, only 15 years ago had more bicycles than any other city in the world, has in recent years ...

  20. J. biosoc. Sci. (2001) 33, 503528 2001 Cambridge University Press Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2001-01-01

    J. biosoc. Sci. (2001) 33, 503­528 2001 Cambridge University Press Printed in the United Kingdom and northern Brazil. They number approximately 15­20,000, and live in 200­250 widely scattered villages

  1. All fired-up about coal : technology & policy recommendations for the 2030 United Kingdom energy strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donnelly, Kathy A. (Kathy Ann)

    2008-01-01

    Given United Kingdom (UK) carbon dioxide emissions policies that direct attention at the electricity segment, the focus is on the largest electricity polluter, coal, and the immediately pressing issue of UK coal policy. ...

  2. Director: Dr Nigel Bowles 1A South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3UB, United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    Director: Dr Nigel Bowles 1A South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3UB, United Kingdom +44 1865 282 705-First Century America: What Sustains the Ruckus? #12;Wednesday 29 April 17:00-18:30 Abortion in Context: Law

  3. Deep-Ultraviolet Resonance Raman Excitation Profiles of NH4NO3, PETN, TNT, HMX, and RDX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asher, Sanford A.

    Deep-Ultraviolet Resonance Raman Excitation Profiles of NH4NO3, PETN, TNT, HMX, and RDX Manash nitrate (NH4NO3), pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN), trinitrotoluene (TNT), nitroamine (HMX. The ultraviolet (UV) resonance Raman/differential Raman cross-sections of NH4NO3, PETN, TNT, HMX, and RDX

  4. CHARACTERIZATION STUDIES OF THE SELECTIVE REDUCTION OF NO by NH3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, N.J.

    2013-01-01

    and Maloney, K.L. , "NOx Reduction with Ammonia: Laboratoryand Hashizawa, K. , "Reduction of NOx in Combustion ExhaustSelective Noncatalytic Reduction of NOx with NH3," EPRI NOx

  5. NH3 generation over commercial Three-Way Catalysts and Lean-NOx...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    generation over commercial Three-Way Catalysts and Lean-NOx Traps NH3 generation over commercial Three-Way Catalysts and Lean-NOx Traps Research to identify most promising...

  6. NH3 generation over commercial Three-Way Catalysts and Lean-NOx Traps

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Research to identify most promising catalytic formulations and operation for the in-situ generation of NH3, storage on a downstream SCR catalyst, and utilized to reduce the remaining NOx

  7. Rare Earth ? N = N* fs fGHZ fp nH fl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, Frederick M.

    Rare Earth ? #12;N to date N = N* fs fGHZ fp nH fl ·N* = 4 x 1011 ·fs = 0.2 ·fGHZ = 0.1 ·fp = 0.8 ·nH = 2 ·fl = 1.0 N = 1.3 x 1010 #12;The Goldilocks Effect Earth is "Just Right" Yes, life on Earth has adapted to Earth, but ... Earth has just the right mass to be ·Tectonically-active ·Retain

  8. Volume 130, number 6 CHEMICAL PHYSICS LETTERS 24 October1986 VIBRATIONAL DEPENDENCE OF THE NH,+ (v2)+NO AND NO+(v) +NH,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    bending mode ( vz=O-12) causes no marked change in the charge transfer cross section, while in the reverse vibrational levels. We find that the vibrational excitation of the NH: v2 umbrella bending mode (v, = O-12 with the hope of con- firming or refuting this model. 2. Experimental In a previous paper we reported

  9. Tunable far infrared laser spectroscopy of van der Waals bonds: Ar-NH sub 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gwo, Dz-Hung (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA) California Univ., Berkeley, CA (USA). Dept. of Chemistry)

    1989-11-01

    Hyperfine resolved vibration-rotation-tunneling spectra of Ar--NH{sub 3} and (NH{sub 3}){sub 2}, generated in a planar supersonic jet, have been measured with the Berkeley tunable far infrared laser spectrometer. Among the seven rotationally assigned bands, one band belongs to Ar--NH{sub 3}, and the other six belong to (NH{sub 3}){sub 2}. To facilitate the intermolecular vibrational assignment for Ar--NH{sub 3}, a dynamics study aided by a permutation-inversion group theoretical treatment is performed on the rovibrational levels. The rovibrational quantum number correlation between the free internal rotor limit and the semi-rigid limit is established to provide a basic physical picture of the evolution of intermolecular vibrational component states. An anomalous vibronically allowed unique Q branch vibrational band structure is predicted to exist for a near prolate binary complex containing an inverting subunit. According to the model developed in this work, the observed band of Ar--NH{sub 3} centered at 26.470633(17) cm{sup {minus}1} can correlate only to either the fundamental dimeric stretching band for the A{sub 2} states with the NH{sub 3} inversional quantum number v{sub i} = 1, or the K{sub a} = 0 {l arrow} 0 subband of the lowest internal-rotation-inversion difference band. Although the estimated nuclear quadrupole coupling constant favors a tentative assignment in terms of the first possibility, a definitive assignment will require far infrared data and a dynamical model incorporating a potential surface.

  10. Numerical analysis of a mixture of Ar/NH{sub 3} microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li Zhi [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); School of Science, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Anshan 114051 (China); Zhao Zhen [Chemistry Department, Anshan Normal University, Anshan 114007 (China); School of Chemical Engineering, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Anshan 114051 (China); Li Xuehui [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Physical Science and Technical College, Dalian University, Dalian 116622 (China)

    2012-06-01

    A two-dimensional fluid model has been used to investigate the properties of plasma in Ar/NH{sub 3} microwave electron cyclotron resonance discharge at low pressure. The electromagnetic field model solved by the three-dimensional Simpson method is coupled to a fluid plasma model. The finite difference method was employed to discrete the governing equations. 40 species (neutrals, radicals, ions, and electrons) are consisted in the model. In total, 75 electron-neutral, 43 electron-ion, 167 neutral-neutral, 129 ion-neutral, 28 ion-ion, and 90 3-body reactions are used in the model. According to the simulation, the distribution of the densities of the considered plasma species has been showed and the mechanisms of their variations have been discussed. It is found that the main neutrals (Ar*, Ar**, NH{sub 3}{sup *}, NH, H{sub 2}, NH{sub 2}, H, and N{sub 2}) are present at high densities in Ar/NH{sub 3} microwave electron cyclotron resonance discharge when the mixing ratio of Ar/NH{sub 3} is 1:1 at 20 Pa. The density of NH is more than that of NH{sub 2} atom. And NH{sub 3}{sup +} are the most important ammonia ions. But the uniformity of the space distribution of NH{sub 3}{sup +} is lower than the other ammonia ions.

  11. Thermal Durability of Cu-CHA NH3-SCR Catalysts for Diesel NOx Reduction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schmieg, Steven J.; Oh, Se H.; Kim, Chang H.; Brown, David B.; Lee, Jong H.; Peden, Charles HF; Kim, Do Heui

    2012-04-30

    Multiple catalytic functions (NOx conversion, NO and NH3 oxidation, NH3 storage) of a commercial Cu-zeolite urea/NH3-SCR catalyst were assessed in a laboratory fixed-bed flow reactor system after differing degrees of hydrothermal aging. Catalysts were characterized by using x-ray diffraction (XRD), 27Al solid state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) / energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy to develop an understanding of the degradation mechanisms during catalyst aging. The catalytic reaction measurements of laboratory-aged catalysts were performed, which allows us to obtain a universal curve for predicting the degree of catalyst performance deterioration as a function of time at each aging temperature. Results show that as the aging temperature becomes higher, the zeolite structure collapses in a shorter period of time after an induction period. The decrease in SCR performance was explained by zeolite structure destruction and/or Cu agglomeration, as detected by XRD/27Al NMR and by TEM/EDX, respectively. Destruction of the zeolite structure and agglomeration of the active phase also results in a decrease in the NO/NH3 oxidation activity and the NH3 storage capacity of the catalyst. Selected laboratory aging conditions (16 h at 800oC) compare well with a 135,000 mile vehicle-aged catalyst for both performance and characterization criteria.

  12. A Review & Assessment of Current Operating Conditions Allowable Stresses in ASME Section III Subsection NH

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    R. W. Swindeman

    2009-12-14

    The current operating condition allowable stresses provided in ASME Section III, Subsection NH were reviewed for consistency with the criteria used to establish the stress allowables and with the allowable stresses provided in ASME Section II, Part D. It was found that the S{sub o} values in ASME III-NH were consistent with the S values in ASME IID for the five materials of interest. However, it was found that 0.80 S{sub r} was less than S{sub o} for some temperatures for four of the materials. Only values for alloy 800H appeared to be consistent with the criteria on which S{sub o} values are established. With the intent of undertaking a more detailed evaluation of issues related to the allowable stresses in ASME III-NH, the availabilities of databases for the five materials were reviewed and augmented databases were assembled.

  13. Formation of NH{sub 3} during the pyrolysis of a brown coal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, C.Z.; Pang, Y.; Li, X.G. [Monash Univ., Clayton, Victoria (Australia). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

    1998-12-31

    Emissions of oxides of nitrogen (NO, NO{sub 2} and N{sub 2}O) from power generation using coal are an important environmental problem, contributing to the formation of photochemical smog and acid rain or to the enhancement of greenhouse effects and to the enhanced depletion of stratospheric ozone. During pyrolysis, the nitrogen in coal, as a part of coal organic matter, is converted into NOx precursors (eg. NH{sub 3}, HCN, HNCO and the nitrogen in tar and char). These NOx precursors may then be converted into either NOx or N{sub 2} during subsequent combustion or gasification/combustion. The conversion efficiency of these NOx precursors into NOx depends strongly upon the type of NOx precursor. Knowledge of the formation of these NOx precursors during pyrolysis is therefore essential for the accurate predictions of NOx emissions from large scale power plants, and therefore for the development of optimum strategies for NOx reduction. Formation of NH{sub 3} during the pyrolysis of a Victorian brown coal (Loy Yang) has been studied in a novel reactor. The experimental results obtained suggest that a considerable amount of the nitrogen in the nascent char could be converted into NH{sub 3} if the char is held at high temperatures for a long period of time. The formation of NH{sub 3} from the thermal cracking of char was seen to last for more than an hour even at temperatures as high as 700--900 C. The experimental results seem to suggest that the differences in reactor geometries would account at least partially for some of the discrepancies in the literature regarding the formation of NH{sub 3} during the pyrolysis of coals. It is thought that NH{sub 3} may be formed from the hydrogenation of the N sites in the char by the active hydrogen generated from the thermal cracking of the char.

  14. Monitoring of Natural Outbreaks of Phytophthora ramorum in the United Kingdom1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    material and in the wider environment. Monitoring of the selected sites revealed different levels167 Monitoring of Natural Outbreaks of Phytophthora ramorum in the United Kingdom1 Judith Turner2, management, monitoring Abstract Over 40 outbreaks of Phytophthora ramorum have occurred in managed gardens

  15. PRINCETON CHARITABLE FOUNDATION LIMITED 19 NORCOTT ROAD LONDON N16 7EJ UNITED KINGDOM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowley, Clarence W.

    PRINCETON CHARITABLE FOUNDATION LIMITED 19 NORCOTT ROAD · LONDON N16 7EJ · UNITED KINGDOM GIFT AID have paid or will pay an amount of Income Tax and/or Capital Gains Tax for each tax year (6 April to 5 April) that is at least equal to the amount of tax that all the charities or Community Amateur Sports

  16. A review of "The Endless Kingdom: Milton’s Scriptural Society." by David Gay 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John Mulryan

    2003-01-01

    24 SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY NEWS that its author was not. Perhaps we are reading the works of two different authors. David Gay. The Endless Kingdom: Milton?s Scriptural Society. New- ark: University of Delaware Press, 2002. 220 pp. $43.00. Review...

  17. Clark and Clegg 1 ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF UNITED KINGDOM FUEL PRICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clegg, Richard G.

    closure that happened to coincide with the fuel protest. The data set provides a unique snapshotClark and Clegg 1 ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF UNITED KINGDOM FUEL PRICE PROTEST ACTIONS IN THE CITY words + 6 Tables + 2 Figures = 5248 + (8 * 250) Words = 7248 Words #12;Clark and Clegg 2 ABSTRACT

  18. An analysis of tomb reliefs depicting boat construction from the Old Kingdom period in Egypt 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, Edward Morgan

    1996-01-01

    Among the aspects of daily life represented on the walls of private tombs during the Old Kingdom in Egypt are reliefs depicting the construction of boat hulls. Examination of the twenty known reliefs and relief fragments which date to this period...

  19. Inter-kingdom Recognition of Norepinephrine by E. Coli : Identification of the Receptors Involved in Chemotaxis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Dae Nyun

    2012-10-19

    are abundant. Recent studies have shown that both bacteria and human cells recognize and respond to the signals from each other, presumably to gain a competitive advantage. The cross-recognition of signals is known as Inter-kingdom (IK) signaling...

  20. A SINE family widely distributed in the plant kingdom and its evolutionary history

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gent, Universiteit

    A SINE family widely distributed in the plant kingdom and its evolutionary history Jeffrey A Company Limited, Takenouchicho 11, Ichijoji, Sakyoku, Kyoto 606-8134, Japan Received 7 September 2005. japonicus. This is the first report of a plant SINE family present in multiple lineages, and the evolution

  1. NH13A: No-source tsunami forecasting for Alaska communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tolkova, Elena

    NH13A: No-source tsunami forecasting for Alaska communities Dmitry Nicolsky (UAF) djnicolsky://nctr.pmel.noaa.gov/ Wave trains to Alaska: direction structure (time history) tsunami source R E S P and accurate regional tsunami forecasts · A deep-ocean detector and a coastal site can be connected

  2. Workability of intergovernmental administrative relations: a comparison of labour market policy in post-devolution Canada and the United Kingdom 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Donna

    2008-01-01

    This is a comparative study of intergovernmental relations in labour market policy in Canada and the United Kingdom (UK) between 1996 and 2006, the first phase of devolution in each country. The study focuses primarily ...

  3. EA-1123: Transfer of Normal and Low-Enriched Uranium Billets to the United Kingdom, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposal to transfer approximately 710,000 kilograms (1,562,000 pounds) of unneeded normal and low-enriched uranium to the United Kingdom; thus,...

  4. GM Media-Sept 21, 2007 PBS, NH4Cl and KCl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GM Media- Sept 21, 2007 PBS, NH4Cl and KCl Final volume(L) 1 50 mM PBS 100 mM 200 mM Ingredient keep the PBS solution at room temperature. GM Media Preparation: For each litter of GM media add, mineral, and PBS solution if you are not going to use them inside MFC. Combine them prior to make GM media

  5. [(CH3)4N][(C5H5NH)0.8((CH3)3NH)0.2]U2Si9O23F4 (USH-8): An Organically Templated Open-Framework Uranium Silicate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiqu

    -Framework Uranium Silicate Xiqu Wang, Jin Huang, and Allan J. Jacobson* Department of Chemistry, Uni pyramids we obtained also a number of open-framework uranium silicates.18,19 These new compounds were-framework uranium fluorosilicate [(CH3)4N][(C5H5NH)0.8((CH3)3NH)0.2]U2Si9O23F4 (USH- 8) that has been synthesized

  6. Measurement and Modeling of Spatial NH3 Storage Distributions in a Commercial Small Port Cu Zeolite Urea SCR Catalyst

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A modified Spaci-IR technique can measure transient NH3 and NOx concentrations; data have been used to calibrate and validate an SCR model, with good agreement between experiments and simulations.

  7. SPECTROSCOPIC INVESTIGATION OF (NH4)2S TREATED GaSeTe FOR RADIATION DETECTOR APPLICATIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, A; Laurence, T; Conway, A; Behymer, E; Sturm, B; Voss, L; Nikolic, R; Payne, S; Mertiri, A; Pabst, G; Mandal, K; Burger, A

    2009-08-04

    The surface of the layered III-VI chalcogenide semiconductor GaSeTe was treated with (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}S at 60 C to modify the surface chemistry and determine the effect on transport properties. Room temperature photoluminescence (PL) measurements were used to assess the effect of the (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}S treatment on surface defect states. Evaluation of the subsequent surface chemistry was performed with high-resolution core-level photoemission measurements. Metal overlayers were deposited on the (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}S treated surfaces and the I-V characteristics were measured. The measurements were correlated to understand the effect of (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}S modification of the interfacial electronic structure with the goal of optimizing the metal/GaSeTe interface for radiation detector devices.

  8. Structural transitions of ternary imide Li{sub 2}Mg(NH){sub 2} for hydrogen storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liang, C.; Gao, M. X.; Pan, H. G. Liu, Y. F.

    2014-08-25

    Phase transitions and energetic properties of Li{sub 2}Mg(NH){sub 2} with different crystal structures are investigated by experiments and first-principles calculations. The Li{sub 2}Mg(NH){sub 2} with the primitive cubic and orthorhombic structure is obtained by dynamically dehydrogenating a Mg(NH{sub 2}){sub 2}-2LiH mixture up to 280?°C under an initial vacuum and 9.0?bars H{sub 2}, respectively. It is found that the obtained orthorhombic Li{sub 2}Mg(NH){sub 2} is converted to a primitive cubic structure as the dehydrogenation temperature is further increased to 400?°C or performed by a 36?h of high-energetic ball milling. Moreover, the primitive cubic phase can be converted to an orthorhombic phase after heating at 280?°C under 9.0?bars H{sub 2} for 1?h. Thermodynamic calculations show that the orthorhombic phase is the ground state structure of Li{sub 2}Mg(NH){sub 2}. The mechanism for phase transitions of Li{sub 2}Mg(NH){sub 2} is also discussed from the angle of energy.

  9. 2010 MARINE MICROBES GORDON RESEARCH CONFERENCE (JULY 4-9, 2010 - TILTON SCHOOL, TILTON NH)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David Kirchman

    2010-04-09

    Marine microbes include representatives from all three kingdoms of life and collectively carry out virtually all forms of metabolisms found on the planet. Because of this metabolic and genetic diversity, these microbes mediate many of the reactions making up global biogeochemical cycles which govern the flow of energy and material in the biosphere. The goal of this conference is to bring together approaches and concepts from studies of microbial evolution, genomics, ecology, and oceanography in order to gain new insights into marine microbes and their biogeochemical functions. The integration of scales, from genes to global cycles, will result in a better understanding of marine microbes and of their contribution to the carbon cycle and other biogeochemical processes.

  10. Detection of hepatitis E virus antibodies in dogs in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McElroy, Aoife; Hirade, Rintaro; Bexfield, Nick; Jalal, Hamid; Brownlie, Joe; Goodfellow, Ian; Caddy, Sarah L.

    2015-06-10

    Detection of Hepatitis E Virus antibodies in dogs in the United Kingdom 2 3 Authors and affiliations 4 Aoife McElroy1, Rintaro Hirade1, Nick Bexfield2, Hamid Jalal3, Joe Brownlie4, Ian 5 Goodfellow1*, Sarah L Caddy1,5* 6 1 Division of Virology... , GTP, and UTP (each), 2.5?g T7 polymerase, and 80 units of RNaseOUT (Life 160 Techologies) in a 50?l volume. The in-vitro transcription reactions were carried out at 37°C 161 for 2h. Afterwards, the reaction mixtures were incubated with 20 units...

  11. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to United Kingdom (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr 2012 2013 2014Thousand343 342ChinaRussiaUnited Kingdom

  12. BeyWatch (Smart Grid Project) (United Kingdom) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC Jump to:Greece:BajoBelpower Srl JumpOpen EnergyUnited Kingdom)

  13. The thermal decomposition of NH{sub 2}OH and subsequent reactions : ab initio transition state theory and reflected shock tube experiments.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klippenstein, S. J.; Harding, L. B.; Ruscic, B.; Sivaramakrishnan, R.; Srinivasan, N. K.; Su, M.-C.; Michael, J. V.; Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division; Sonoma State Univ.

    2009-01-01

    Primary and secondary reactions involved in the thermal decomposition of NH{sub 2}OH are studied with a combination of shock tube experiments and transition state theory based theoretical kinetics. This coupled theory and experiment study demonstrates the utility of NH{sub 2}OH as a high temperature source of OH radicals. The reflected shock technique is employed in the determination of OH radical time profiles via multipass electronic absorption spectrometry. O-atoms are searched for with atomic resonance absorption spectrometry. The experiments provide a direct measurement of the rate coefficient, k{sub 1}, for the thermal decomposition of NH{sub 2}OH. Secondary rate measurements are obtained for the NH{sub 2} + OH (5a) and NH{sub 2}OH + OH (6a) abstraction reactions. The experimental data are obtained for temperatures in the range from 1355 to 1889 K and are well represented by the respective rate expressions: log[k/(cm{sup 3} molecule{sup -1} s{sup -1})] = (?10.12 {+-} 0.20) + (?6793 {+-} 317 K/T) (k{sub 1}); log[k/(cm{sup 3} molecule{sup -1} s{sup -1})] = (?10.00 {+-} 0.06) + (?879 {+-} 101 K/T) (k{sub 5a}); log[k/(cm{sup 3} molecule{sup -1} s{sup -1})] = (?9.75 {+-} 0.08) + (?1248 {+-} 123 K/T) (k{sub 6a}). Theoretical predictions are made for these rate coefficients as well for the reactions of NH{sub 2}OH + NH{sub 2}, NH{sub 2}OH + NH, NH + OH, NH{sub 2} + NH{sub 2}, NH{sub 2} + NH, and NH + NH, each of which could be of secondary importance in NH{sub 2}OH thermal decomposition. The theoretical analyses employ a combination of ab initio transition state theory and master equation simulations. Comparisons between theory and experiment are made where possible. Modest adjustments of predicted barrier heights (i.e., by 2 kcal/mol or less) generally yield good agreement between theory and experiment. The rate coefficients obtained here should be of utility in modeling NO{sub x} in various combustion environments.

  14. Selective catalytic reduction of NOx with NH3 over a Cu-SSZ-13 catalyst prepared by a solid state ion exchange method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Di; Gao, Feng; Peden, Charles HF; Li, Junhui; Kamasamudram, Krishna; Epling, William S.

    2014-06-01

    A novel solid state method was developed to synthesize Cu-SSZ-13 catalysts with excellent NH3-SCR performance and durable hydrothermal stability. After the solid state ion exchange (SSIE) process, the SSZ framework structure and surface area was maintained. In-situ DRIFTS and NH3-TPD experiments provide evidence that isolated Cu ions were successfully exchanged into the pores, which are the active centers for the NH3-SCR reaction.

  15. NH3 formation and utilization in regenerationof Pt/Ba/Al2O3 NOx storage-reduction catalyst with H2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Partridge Jr, William P [ORNL; Choi, Jae-Soon [ORNL

    2009-01-01

    The nature of H2 regeneration of a model Pt/Ba/Al2O3 LNT catalyst was investigated with specific focus on intra-catalyst formation and utilization of NH3 and its role in catalyst regeneration. In-situ measurements of the transient intra-catalyst species (H2, NH3, N2, NOx) distributions at different temperatures were used to detail the reaction evolution along the catalyst axis. Comparison of the species transients identifies unique individual natures for the reductant (H2), inert product (N2) and intermediate-reductant product (NH3) which readily explain the conventional effluent species sequence as an integral effect. The data demonstrates that NH3 is created on similar timescales as the N2 product inside the catalyst, but consumed as aggressively as H2 reductant along the catalyst. This spatiotemporal NH3 behavior experimentally confirms that Intermediate-NH3 regeneration pathway is active. Analysis at 200 and 325 C indicates equivalent local NOx storage, H2 consumption and regeneration effectiveness, but differing NH3/N2 ratio, suggesting a temperature-dependence of partitioning between Direct-H2 and Intermediate-NH3 regeneration pathways. Further experimental and numerical work is needed to more clearly understand the partitioning between the possible regeneration pathways. Nevertheless, the experimental data show that intermediate NH3 plays a significant role in LNT catalyst regeneration.

  16. Combinatorics, Probability and Computing (19XX) 00, 000{000. Printed in the United Kingdom 19XX Cambridge University Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kohayakawa, Yoshiharu

    Combinatorics, Probability and Computing (19XX) 00, 000{000. Printed in the United Kingdom c 19XX~ao Paulo, Rua do Mat~ao 1010, 05508{090 S~ao Paulo, Brazil (e-mail: yoshi@ime.usp.br) 2 Department

  17. Combinatorics, Probability and Computing (19XX) 00, 000000. Printed in the United Kingdom c 19XX Cambridge University Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kohayakawa, Yoshiharu

    Combinatorics, Probability and Computing (19XX) 00, 000­000. Printed in the United Kingdom c 19XX, 05508­090 S~ao Paulo, Brazil (e-mail: yoshi@ime.usp.br) 2 Department of Mathematics and Computer Science

  18. A Novel Kingdom of Parasitic Archaea Karl O. Stetter1,2* | Michael J. Hohn1 | Harald Huber1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    ;250 GEOTHERMAL BIOLOGY AND GEOCHEMISTRY IN YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK Key Words ABSTRACT A nano-sized obligate parasite phylogeny 16S rDNA #12;A Novel Kingdom of Parasitic Archaea 251 1.0 INTRODUCTION More than 30 years ago, in his pioneering work in Yellowstone National Park, Tom Brock discovered Sulfolobus

  19. Closed-loop control of a SCR system using a NOx sensor cross-sensitive to NH3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for an automotive selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system, for which the feedback is based on a NOx sensor illustrate the performance of the proposed approach. Keywords: Automotive emissions; Diesel engines; NOx, a mechanism is introduced to prevent large NH3-slip that could result from misinterpretation of data produced

  20. Adapted from laboratory protocols of the Center for Freshwater Biology, University of New Hampshire, Durham, N.H. 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    , Durham, N.H. 2010 UNH CFB Protocol for the Monitoring of Cyanobacteria & Microcystins in Drinking Water delivery to UNH CFB lab. 5. Freeze the sample if delivery/ drop-off time exceeds 12 hours. Analyses: a, Quantiplate-ELISA Kit, (Portland, Me) with increased sensitivity (UNH, CFB). Results will be reported as ng

  1. Role of hydrogen-bonding and its interplay with octahedral tilting in CH3NH3PbI3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jung-Hoon; Bristowe, Nicholas C.; Bristowe, Paul D.; Cheetham, Anthony K.

    2015-03-05

    First principles calculations on the hybrid perovskite CH3NH3PbI3 predict strong hydrogen-bonding which influences the structure and dynamics of the methylammonium cation and reveal its interaction with the tilting of the PbI6 octahedra...

  2. Ultralow Absorption Coefficient and Temperature Dependence of Radiative Recombination of CH3NH3PbI3 Perovskite from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perovskite from Photoluminescence Chog Barugkin, Jinjin Cong, The Duong, Shakir Rahman, Hieu T. Nguyen perovskite methylammonium lead iodide (CH3NH3PbI3) films from 675 to 1400 nm. Unlike other methods used of organic-inorganic halide perovskite- based solar cells has attracted enormous interest from the entire PV

  3. Access Management in Multi-Administration Networks S. P. Lord, N.H. Pope, and Susan Stepney

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stepney, Susan

    Access Management in Multi-Administration Networks S. P. Lord, N.H. Pope, and Susan Stepney GEC by different administrations, and allowing these administrations to maintain autonomy but to use each others services. Consider also what happens if these administrations have different policies on how access should

  4. Effect of sulfated CaO on NO reduction by NH{sub 3} in the presence of excess oxygen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tianjin Li; Yuqun Zhuo; Yufeng Zhao; Changhe Chen; Xuchang Xu [Tsinghua University, Beijing (China). Key Laboratory for Thermal Science and Power Engineering of Ministry of Education

    2009-04-15

    The effect of sulfated CaO on NO reduction by NH{sub 3} in the presence of excess oxygen was investigated to evaluate the potential of simultaneous SO{sub 2} and NO removal at the temperature range of 700-850{sup o}C. The physical and chemical properties of the CaO sulfation products were analyzed to investigate the NO reduction mechanism. Experimental results showed that sulfated CaO had a catalytic effect on NO reduction by NH{sub 3} in the presence of excess O{sub 2} after the sulfation reaction entered the transition control stage. With the increase of CaO sulfation extent in this stage, the activity for NO reduction first increased and then decreased, and the selectivity of NH{sub 3} for NO reduction to N{sub 2} increased. The byproduct (NO{sub 2} and N{sub 2}O) formation during NO reduction experiments was negligible. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis showed that neither CaSO{sub 3} nor CaS was detected, indicating that the catalytic activity of NO reduction by NH{sub 3} in the presence of excess O{sub 2} over sulfated CaO was originated from the CaSO{sub 4} product. These results revealed that simultaneous SO{sub 2} and NOx control by injecting NH{sub 3} into the dry flue gas desulfurization process for NO reduction might be achieved. 38 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

  5. Verification of Allowable Stresses In ASME Section III Subsection NH For Grade 91 Steel & Alloy 800H

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    R. W. Swindeman; M. J. Swindeman; B. W. Roberts; B. E. Thurgood; D. L. Marriott

    2007-11-30

    The database for the creep-rupture of 9Cr-1Mo-V (Grade 91) steel was collected and reviewed to determine if it met the needs for recommending time-dependent strength values, S{sub t}, for coverage in ASME Section III Subsection NH (ASME III-NH) to 650 C (1200 F) and 600,000 hours. The accumulated database included over 300 tests for 1% total strain, nearly 400 tests for tertiary creep, and nearly 1700 tests to rupture. Procedures for analyzing creep and rupture data for ASME III-NH were reviewed and compared to the procedures used to develop the current allowable stress values for Gr 91 for ASME II-D. The criteria in ASME III-NH for estimating S{sub t} included the average strength for 1% total strain for times to 600,000 hours, 80% of the minimum strength for tertiary creep for times to 600,000 hours, and 67% of the minimum rupture strength values for times to 600,000 hours. Time-temperature-stress parametric formulations were selected to correlate the data and make predictions of the long-time strength. It was found that the stress corresponding to 1% total strain and the initiation of tertiary creep were not the controlling criteria over the temperature-time range of concern. It was found that small adjustments to the current values in III-NH could be introduced but that the existing values were conservative and could be retained. The existing database was found to be adequate to extend the coverage to 600,000 hours for temperatures below 650 C (1200 F).

  6. Update and Improve Subsection NH –– Alternative Simplified Creep-Fatigue Design Methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tai Asayama

    2009-10-26

    This report described the results of investigation on Task 10 of DOE/ASME Materials NGNP/Generation IV Project based on a contract between ASME Standards Technology, LLC (ASME ST-LLC) and Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). Task 10 is to Update and Improve Subsection NH -- Alternative Simplified Creep-Fatigue Design Methods. Five newly proposed promising creep-fatigue evaluation methods were investigated. Those are (1) modified ductility exhaustion method, (2) strain range separation method, (3) approach for pressure vessel application, (4) hybrid method of time fraction and ductility exhaustion, and (5) simplified model test approach. The outlines of those methods are presented first, and predictability of experimental results of these methods is demonstrated using the creep-fatigue data collected in previous Tasks 3 and 5. All the methods (except the simplified model test approach which is not ready for application) predicted experimental results fairly accurately. On the other hand, predicted creep-fatigue life in long-term regions showed considerable differences among the methodologies. These differences come from the concepts each method is based on. All the new methods investigated in this report have advantages over the currently employed time fraction rule and offer technical insights that should be thought much of in the improvement of creep-fatigue evaluation procedures. The main points of the modified ductility exhaustion method, the strain range separation method, the approach for pressure vessel application and the hybrid method can be reflected in the improvement of the current time fraction rule. The simplified mode test approach would offer a whole new advantage including robustness and simplicity which are definitely attractive but this approach is yet to be validated for implementation at this point. Therefore, this report recommends the following two steps as a course of improvement of NH based on newly proposed creep-fatigue evaluation methodologies. The first step is to modify the current approach by incorporating the partial advantages the new method offer, and the second step is to replace the current method by the simplified test approach when it has become technically mature enough. The recommendations are basically in line with the work scope of the Task Force on Creep-Fatigue of the Subgroup on Elevated Temperature Design of the Standards Committee of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Committee Section III.

  7. Intramolecular Hydrogen Bonding in Disubstituted Ethanes. A Comparison of NH,,,O-and OH,,,O-Hydrogen Bonding through Conformational Analysis of 4-Amino-4-oxobutanoate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard III, William A.

    Intramolecular Hydrogen Bonding in Disubstituted Ethanes. A Comparison of NH,,,O- and OH,,,O- Hydrogen Bonding through Conformational Analysis of 4-Amino-4-oxobutanoate (succinamate) and Monohydrogen 1 of amide NH,,,O- and carboxyl OH,,,O- hydrogen bonds were investigated via conformational analysis

  8. A cross-cultural comparison of leadership skills across the United States, the United Kingdom and Italy: a quantitative design using internet technology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moro, Fabio

    2005-11-01

    instrument. The results, while tentative, found no significant differences between leadership styles in the United States, the United Kingdom and Italy. Utilizing online electronic surveys and internet related technologies the instruments were mailed...

  9. Excellent activity and selectivity of Cu-SSZ-13 in the selective catalytic reduction of NOx with NH3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kwak, Ja Hun; Tonkyn, Russell G.; Kim, Do Heui; Szanyi, Janos; Peden, Charles HF

    2010-10-21

    Superior activity and selectivity of a Cu ion-exchanged SSZ-13 zeolite in the selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NOx with NH3 were observed, in comparison to Cu-beta and Cu-ZSM-5 zeolites. Cu-SSZ-13 was not only more active in the NOx SCR reaction over the entire temperature range studied (up to 550 °C), but also more selective toward nitrogen formation, resulting in significantly lower amounts of NOx by-products (i.e., NO2 and N2O) than the other two zeolites. In addition, Cu-SSZ-13 demonstrated the highest activity and N2 formation selectivity in the oxidation of NH3. The results of this study strongly suggest that Cu-SSZ-13 is a promising candidate as a catalyst for NOx SCR with great potential in after-treatment systems for either mobile or stationary sources.

  10. RELAP5 assessment using semiscale SBLOCA test S-NH-1. International Agreement Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, E.J.; Chung, B.D.; Kim, H.J.

    1993-06-01

    2-inch cold leg break test S-NH-1, conducted at the 1/1705 volume scaled facility Semiscale was analyzed using RELAP5/MOD2 Cycle 36.04 and MOD3 Version 5m5. Loss of HPIS was assumed, and reactor trip occurred on a low PZR pressure signal (13.1 MPa), and pumps began an unpowered coastdown on SI signal (12.5 MPa). The system was recovered by opening ADV`s when the PCT became higher than 811 K. Accumulator was finally injected into the system when the primary system pressure was less than 4.0 MPa. The experiment was terminated when the pressure reached the LPIS actuation set point RELAP5/MOD2 analysis demonstrated its capability to predict, with a sufficient accuracy, the main phenomena occurring in the depressurization transient, both from a qualitative and quantitative points of view. Nevertheless, several differences were noted regarding the break flow rate and inventory distribution due to deficiencies in two-phase choked flow model, horizontal stratification interfacial drag, and a CCFL model. The main reason for the core to remain nearly fully covered with the liquid was the under-prediction of the break flow by the code. Several sensitivity calculations were tried using the MOD2 to improve the results by using the different options of break flow modeling (downward, homogeneous, and area increase). The break area compensating concept based on ``the integrated break flow matching`` gave the best results than downward junction and homogeneous options. And the MOD3 showed improvement in predicting a CCFL in SG and a heatup in the core.

  11. Study of NH stretching vibrations in small ammonia clusters by infrared spectroscopy in He droplets and ab initio calculations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Slipchenko, Mikhail N.; Sartakov, Boris G.; Vilesov, Andrey F.; Xantheas, Sotiris S.

    2007-08-09

    Infrared spectra of the NH stretching vibrations of (NH3)n clusters (n=2-4) have been obtained using the helium droplet isolation technique and first principles electronic structure anharmonic calculations. The measured spectra exhibit well-resolved bands, which have been assigned to the ?1, ?3, and 2?4 modes of the ammonia fragments in the clusters. The formation of a hydrogen bond in ammonia dimers leads to an increase of the infrared intensity by about a factor of four. In the larger clusters the infrared intensity per hydrogen bond is close to the one for dimers and approaches the value in the NH3 crystal. The intensity of the 2?4 overtone band in the trimer and tetramer increases by a factor of 10 relative to that in the monomer and dimer, and is comparable to the intensity of the ?1 and ?3 fundamental bands in larger clusters. This indicates the onset of the strong anharmonic coupling of the 2?4 and ?1 modes in larger clusters. The experimental assignments are compared to the ones obtained from first principles electronic structure anharmonic calculations for the dimer and trimer clusters. The anharmonic calculations were performed at the Møller-Plesset (MP2) level of electronic structure theory and were based on a second-order perturbative evaluation of rovibrational parameters and their effects on the vibrational spectra and average structures. In general there is excellent (<20 cm-1) agreement between the experimentally measured band origins for the N-H stretching frequencies and the calculated anharmonic vibrational frequencies. However, the calculations were found to overestimate the infrared intensities in clusters by about a factor of four. This work was supported by the Office of Basic Energy Sciences of the Department of Energy, in part by the Chemical Sciences program and in part by the Engineering and Geosciences Division. The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for the US Department of Energy.

  12. High-temperature phase transformation and topochemical nature in ferroelastic (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}SO{sub 4}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Kwang-Sei; Oh, In-Hwan; Ko, Jae-Hyeon

    2014-04-01

    The electrical conductivity of ferroelastic ammonium sulfate (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}SO{sub 4} revealed an anomaly at around 130 °C (=403 K, T{sub P}) on heating with large and irreversible thermal hysteresis through thermal cycle. Ferroelastic domain walls and surface morphology of (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}SO{sub 4} were investigated by hot-stage polarizing microscopy. Structural phase transition from an orthorhombic ferroelastic phase to a hexagonal paraelastic phase was not identified at T{sub P} upon heating. On further heating above T{sub P}, microscopic spots appeared and grew on the crystal surface, suggesting that the high-temperature anomaly at T{sub P} was an indication of an onset of thermal decomposition controlled by topochemical factors. The increase of electrical conductivity above T{sub P} was attributed to proton migration. - Graphical abstract: Surface morphology of the (100) face of (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}SO{sub 4} on heating, showing chemical reaction at the surface. - Highlights: • We investigate the high-temperature phase transformation of ammonium sulfate. • The increasing conductivity upon heating is attributed to proton migration. • Structural phase transition from orthorhombic to hexagonal phase is not confirmed. • High-temperature anomaly is related to an onset of thermal decomposition. • The nature of the high-temperature anomaly is topochemical controlled by defects.

  13. Time-Resolved XAFS Spectroscopic Studies of B-H and N-H Oxidative Addition to Transition Metal Catalysts Relevant to Hydrogen Storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bitterwolf, Thomas E.

    2014-12-09

    Successful catalytic dehydrogenation of aminoborane, H3NBH3, prompted questions as to the potential role of N-H oxidative addition in the mechanisms of these processes. N-H oxidative addition reactions are rare, and in all cases appear to involve initial dative bonding to the metal by the amine lone pairs followed by transfer of a proton to the basic metal. Aminoborane and its trimethylborane derivative block this mechanism and, in principle, should permit authentic N-H oxidative attrition to occur. Extensive experimental work failed to confirm this hypothesis. In all cases either B-H complexation or oxidative addition of solvent C-H bonds dominate the chemistry.

  14. A Pyrrolyl-based Triazolophane: A Macrocyclic Receptor With CH and NH Donor Groups That Exhibits a Preference for Pyrophosphate Anions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sessler, Jonathan L.; Cia, Jiajia; Gong, Han-Yuan; Yang, Xiauping; Arambula, Jonathan F.; Hay, Benjamin

    2010-01-01

    A pyrrolyl-based triazolophane, incorporating CH and NH donor groups, acts as a receptor for the pyrophosphate anion in chloroform solution. It shows selectivity for this trianion, followed by HSO{sub 4}{sup -} > H{sub 2}PO{sub 4}{sup -} > Cl{sup -} > Br{sup -} (all as the corresponding tetrabutylammonium salts), with NH-anion interactions being more important than CH-anion interactions. In the solid state, the receptor binds the pyrophosphate anion in a clip-like slot via NH and CH hydrogen bonds.

  15. Characterization of Cu-SSZ-13 NH3 SCR Catalysts: an in situ FTIR Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Szanyi, Janos; Kwak, Ja Hun; Zhu, Haiyang; Peden, Charles HF

    2013-01-23

    The adsorption of CO and NO over Cu-SSZ-13 zeolite catalysts, highly active in the selective catalytic reduction of NOx with NH3, was investigated by FTIR spectroscopy, and the results obtained were compared to those collected from other Cu-ion exchanged zeolites (Y,FAU and ZSM-5). At low CO pressures at room temperature (295 K) CO form monocarbonyls exclusively on the Cu+ ions, while in the presence of gas phase CO dicarbonyls on Cu+ and adsorbed CO on Cu2+ centers form, as well. At low (cryogenic) sample temperatures tricarbonyl formation on Cu+ sites was also observed. The adsorption of NO produces IR bands that can be assigned to nitrosyls bound to both Cu+ and Cu2+ centers, and NO+ species located in charge compensating cationic positions of the chabasite framework. On the reduced Cu-SSZ-13 samples the formation of N2O was also detected. The assignment of the adsorbed NOx species was aided by adsorption experiments with isotopically labeled 15NO. The movement of Cu ions from the sterically hindered six member ring position to the more accessible cavity positions as a result of their interaction with adsorbates (NO and H2O) was clearly evidenced. Comparisons of the spectroscopy data obtained in the static transmission IR system to those collected in the flow-through diffuse reflectance cell points out that care must be taken when conclusions are drawn about the adsorptive and reactive properties of metal cation centers based on a set of data collected under well defined, specific experimental conditions. Financial support was provided by the US Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Vehicle Technologies Program. This work was performed in the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). The EMSL is a national scientific user facility supported by the US DOE, Office of Biological and Environmental Research. PNNL is a multi-program national laboratory operated for the US DOE by Battelle.

  16. Synthesis of the Long-Sought Unsubstituted Aminodiboranate Na(H3B-NH2-BH3) and Its N-Alkyl Analogs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Girolami, Gregory S.

    storage materials.1-9 For example, ammonia borane, NH3 ·BH3, has an especially high gravimetric hydrogen as hydrogen storage materials.15-18 In a different context, metal complexes of amino- and amidoboranes can

  17. [NH{sub 3}(CH{sub 2}){sub 2}NH{sub 3}][Co(SO{sub 4}){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 4}]: Chemical preparation, crystal structure, thermal decomposition and magnetic properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rekik, Walid; Naili, Houcine; Mhiri, Tahar [Laboratoire de l'Etat Solide, Departement de Chimie, Faculte des Sciences de Sfax, BP 802, 3018 Sfax (Tunisia); Bataille, Thierry [Sciences Chimiques de Rennes (CNRS, UMR 6226), Groupe Materiaux Inorganiques: Chimie Douce et Reactivite, Universite de Rennes I, Avenue du General Leclerc, 35042 Rennes Cedex (France)], E-mail: thierry.bataille@univ-rennes1.fr

    2008-10-02

    Cobalt ethylenediammonium bis(sulfate) tetrahydrate, [NH{sub 3}(CH{sub 2}){sub 2}NH{sub 3}][Co(SO{sub 4}){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 4}], has been synthesised by slow evaporation at room temperature. It crystallises in the triclinic system, space group P1-bar, with the unit cell parameters: a = 6.8033(2), b 7.0705(2), c = 7.2192(3) A, {alpha} = 74.909(2){sup o}, {beta} = 72.291(2){sup o}, {gamma} = 79.167(2){sup o}, Z = 1 and V = 317.16(2) A{sup 3}. The Co(II) atom is octahedrally coordinated by four water molecules and two sulfate tetrahedra leading to trimeric units [Co(SO{sub 4}){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 4}]. These units are linked to each other and to the ethylenediammonium cations through OW-H...O and N-H...O hydrogen bonds, respectively. The zero-dimensional structure is described as an alternation between cationic and anionic layers along the crystallographic b-axis. The dehydration of the precursor proceeds through three stages leading to crystalline intermediary hydrate phases and an anhydrous compound. The magnetic measurements show that the title compound is predominantly paramagnetic with weak antiferromagnetic interactions.

  18. Regeneration of field-spent activated carbon catalysts for low-temperature selective catalytic reduction of NOx with NH3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jeon, Jong Ki; Kim, Hyeonjoo; Park, Young-Kwon; Peden, Charles HF; Kim, Do Heui

    2011-10-15

    In the process of producing liquid crystal displays (LCD), the emitted NOx is removed over an activated carbon catalyst by using selective catalytic reduction (SCR) with NH3 at low temperature. However, the catalyst rapidly deactivates primarily due to the deposition of boron discharged from the process onto the catalyst. Therefore, this study is aimed at developing an optimal regeneration process to remove boron from field-spent carbon catalysts. The spent carbon catalysts were regenerated by washing with a surfactant followed by drying and calcination. The physicochemical properties before and after the regeneration were investigated by using elemental analysis, TG/DTG (thermogravimetric/differential thermogravimetric) analysis, N2 adsorption-desorption and NH3 TPD (temperature programmed desorption). Spent carbon catalysts demonstrated a drastic decrease in DeNOx activity mainly due to heavy deposition of boron. Boron was accumulated to depths of about 50 {mu}m inside the granule surface of the activated carbons, as evidenced by cross-sectional SEM-EDX analysis. However, catalyst activity and surface area were significantly recovered by removing boron in the regeneration process, and the highest NOx conversions were obtained after washing with a non-ionic surfactant in H2O at 70 C, followed by treatment with N2 at 550 C.

  19. Observational results of a multi-telescope campaign in search of interstellar urea [(NH{sub 2}){sub 2}CO

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Remijan, Anthony J.; Snyder, Lewis E.; Kuo, Hsin-Lun; Looney, Leslie W.; Friedel, Douglas N.; McGuire, Brett A.; Golubiatnikov, G. Yu; Lovas, Frank J.; Ilyushin, V. V.; Alekseev, E. A.; Dyubko, S. F.; McCall, Benjamin J.; Hollis, Jan M.

    2014-03-10

    In this paper, we present the results of an observational search for gas phase urea [(NH{sub 2}){sub 2}CO] observed toward the Sgr B2(N-LMH) region. We show data covering urea transitions from ?100 GHz to 250 GHz from five different observational facilities: the Berkeley-Illinois-Maryland-Association (BIMA) Array, the Combined Array for Research in Millimeter-wave Astronomy (CARMA), the NRAO 12 m telescope, the IRAM 30 m telescope, and the Swedish-ESO Submillimeter Telescope (SEST). The results show that the features ascribed to urea can be reproduced across the entire observed bandwidth and all facilities by best-fit column density, temperature, and source size parameters which vary by less than a factor of two between observations merely by adjusting for telescope-specific parameters. Interferometric observations show that the emission arising from these transitions is cospatial and compact, consistent with the derived source sizes and emission from a single species. Despite this evidence, the spectral complexity of both (NH{sub 2}){sub 2}CO and of Sgr B2(N) makes the definitive identification of this molecule challenging. We present observational spectra, laboratory data, and models, and discuss our results in the context of a possible molecular detection of urea.

  20. Greater accordance with the DASH dietary pattern is associated with lower diet-related greenhouse gas production but higher dietary costs in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monsivais, Pablo; Scarborough, Peter; Lloyd, Tina; Mizdrak, Anja; Luben, Robert; Mulligan, Angela A.; Wareham, Nicholas J.; Woodcock, James

    2015-04-30

    cohort study in Norfolk, United Kingdom (EPIC-Norfolk). Recruitment was based on registers of general practices in the county. Participants were aged 39–79 y at the time of entry (1993–97), when they were weighed and measured and completed questionnaires... in Britain, where prevailing unhealthy diets con- tribute to excess rates of chronic disease and mortality (23) and where the food system contributes more than one-fifth of all GHGs produced in the United Kingdom (10, 24). Previous reports have pointed...

  1. Unusual defect physics in CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3} perovskite solar cell absorber

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yin, Wan-Jian Shi, Tingting; Yan, Yanfa

    2014-02-10

    Thin-film solar cells based on Methylammonium triiodideplumbate (CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3}) halide perovskites have recently shown remarkable performance. First-principle calculations show that CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3} has unusual defect physics: (i) Different from common p-type thin-film solar cell absorbers, it exhibits flexible conductivity from good p-type, intrinsic to good n-type depending on the growth conditions; (ii) Dominant intrinsic defects create only shallow levels, which partially explain the long electron-hole diffusion length and high open-circuit voltage in solar cell. The unusual defect properties can be attributed to the strong Pb lone-pair s orbital and I p orbital antibonding coupling and the high ionicity of CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3}.

  2. 4D Density Determination of NH Radicals in an MSE Microplasma Combining Planar Laser Induced Fluorescence and Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Visser, Martin; Schenk, Andreas; Gericke, Karl-Heinz [Technische Universitaet Braunschweig, Institut fuer Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie Hans-Sommer-Str. 10, 38106 Braunschweig (Germany)

    2010-10-13

    An application of microplasmas is surface modification under mild conditions and of small, well defined areas. For this, an understanding of the plasma composition is of importance. First results of our work on the production and detection of NH radicals in a capacitively coupled radio frequency (RF) microplasma are presented. A microstructured comb electrode was used to generate a glow discharge in a hydrogen/nitrogen gas mixture by applying 13.56 MHz RF voltage. The techniques of planar laser induced fluorescence (PLIF) and cavity ring-down spectroscopy (CRDS) are used for space and time resolved, quantitative detection of the NH radical in the plasma. The rotational temperature was determined to be 820 K and, the density 5.1x10{sup 12} cm{sup 3}. Also, time dependent behaviour of the NH production was observed.

  3. Solvent extraction of Li+, H3O+ and NH4+ into nitrobenzene by using sodium dicarbollylcobaltate and calix[4]arene-bis(t-octylbenzo-18-crown-6)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makrlik, Emanuel; Selucky, P.; Vanura, Petr; Moyer, Bruce A

    2013-01-01

    From extraction experiments and c-activity measurements, the exchange extraction constants corresponding to the general equilibrium M+ (aq) + NaL+ (nb) , ML+ (nb) + Na+ (aq) taking place in the two-phase water nitrobenzene system (M+ = Li+, H3O+, NH+4; L = calix[4]arene-bis(t-octylbenzo-18-crown-6); aq = aqueous phase, nb = nitrobenzene phase) were evaluated. Furthermore, the stability constants of the ML+ complexes in nitrobenzene saturated with water were calculated; they were found to increase in the following cation order: zH3O+ < Li+ < NH+4.

  4. Microstructures and properties of CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3?x}Cl{sub x} hybrid solar cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suzuki, Kohei E-mail: oku@mat.usp.ac.jp; Suzuki, Atsushi E-mail: oku@mat.usp.ac.jp; Zushi, Masahito E-mail: oku@mat.usp.ac.jp; Oku, Takeo E-mail: oku@mat.usp.ac.jp

    2015-02-27

    Halide-perovskite CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3} was produced on mesoporous TiO{sub 2} layer by spin-coating a precursor solution of PbCl{sub 2} and CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}I in dimethylformamide. The role of the annealing process and chlorine (Cl) doping for the perovskite-phase formation was investigated. It was found that crystallization of the perovskite materials was stimulated by the annealing process, and that longer annealing time is necessary for the Cl-doped perovskite compared with that of non-doped perovskite phase.

  5. J. Fluid Mech. (2008), vol. 601, pp. 189198. c 2008 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112008000773 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasimov, Aslan

    2008-01-01

    the hydraulic jump and a detonation wave, that is a shock wave sustained by the energy released in chemical0022112008000773 Printed in the United Kingdom 189 A stationary circular hydraulic jump, the limits of its form 30 January 2007) We propose a theory of a steady circular hydraulic jump based on the shallow

  6. J. Fluid Mech. (2002), vol. 473, pp. 265274. c 2002 Cambridge University Press DOI: 10.1017/S0022112002002550 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hogg, Andrew

    2002-01-01

    0022112002002550 Printed in the United Kingdom 265 On sediment transport under dam-break flow By DA VID PR ITCHARD) We present exact solutions for suspended sediment transport under one-dimensional dam-break flow, both over a dry bed and into a small depth of tail water. We explicitly calculate the suspended

  7. Systematics and Biodiversity 7 (1): 520 Issued 22 February 2009 doi:10.1017/S147720000800282X Printed in the United Kingdom C The Natural History Museum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peet, Robert K.

    Printed in the United Kingdom C The Natural History Museum N. M. Franz 1 & R. K. Peet 2 1Department of Biology, PO Box 9012, University of Puerto Rico, Mayag¨uez, PR 00681, USA 2CB 3280, Coker Hall, University

  8. Acta Numerica (2012), pp. 001 c Cambridge University Press, 2012 doi:10.1017/S09624929 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dongarra, Jack

    2012-01-01

    in the United Kingdom High Performance Computing Systems: Status and Outlook J.J. Dongarra University in High Performance Computing 59 13 HPC Challenges 72 References 91 1. Introduction High Performance 2 discusses the main architectural classification of high-performance computers; Section 3 presents

  9. J. Fluid Mech. (2008), vol. 605, pp. 4758. c 2008 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112008001389 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kudrolli, Arshad

    2008-01-01

    0022112008001389 Printed in the United Kingdom 47 Erosion of a granular bed driven by laminar fluid flow ALEXANDER in sand, we investigate the motion of individual grains in a granular bed driven by a laminar fluid flows through the cell. The refractive indices of the fluid and the glass beads are matched and the cell

  10. J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 558, pp. 309318. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112006000206 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, John

    2006-01-01

    0022112006000206 Printed in the United Kingdom 309 Sustained sub-laminar drag in a fully developed channel flow in a fully developed channel can be sustained below that corresponding to the laminar profile when the flow/suction over the no-slip channel walls, is exactly that of the laminar flow." This conjecture can be elucidated

  11. J. Fluid Mech. (2007), vol. 576, pp. 109137. c 2007 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S002211200600454X Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkley, Dwight

    2007-01-01

    002211200600454X Printed in the United Kingdom 109 Mean flow of turbulent­laminar patterns in plane Couette flow and in the homogeneous direction, is analysed. The flow in the quasi-laminar region is not the linear Couette profile domain are presented. Observations of regular turbulent­ laminar patterns in other shear flows ­ Taylor

  12. J. Fluid Mech. (2007), vol. 570, pp. 467477. c 2007 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112006003247 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahesh, Krishnan

    2007-01-01

    0022112006003247 Printed in the United Kingdom 467 Laminar and turbulent comparisons for channel flow and flow in laminar and in turbulent flow at the same pressure gradient increases as the pressure gradient is increased. We compare laminar and turbulent flows in channels with and without flow control. For the related

  13. Proceedings of the Second Conference on the Human Dimensions of Wildland Fire GTR-NRS-P-84 44 WILDFIRE IN THE UNITED KINGDOM: STATUS AND KEY ISSUES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .K. wildfire management. Wildfires challenge the resources of U.K. Fire and Rescue Services (FRSs), especially in the north and west of the United Kingdom is blanket bog on deep peat. This moorland is the U.K.'s most because firefighters have trouble reaching them and because peat fires are especially dangerous

  14. J. Fluid Mech. (2009), vol. 625, pp. 353370. c 2009 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112008005703 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neufeld, Jerome A.

    2009-01-01

    short- and long-term mitigation of anthopogenic emissions, carbon capture and storage (CCS) promises0022112008005703 Printed in the United Kingdom 353 Modelling carbon dioxide sequestration in layered strata JEROME of carbon dioxide (CO2), we study the propagation of gravity currents in a porous medium bounded by a thin

  15. Quarterly Reviews of Biophysics 35, 3 (2002), pp. 205286. " 2002 Cambridge University Press DOI: 10.1017/S0033583502003785 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Steven S.

    2002-01-01

    : 10.1017/S0033583502003785 Printed in the United Kingdom 205 Understanding protein folding with energy and kinetics of protein folding 234 5.1 A protein Hamiltonian with cooperative interactions 234 5.2 Variance of native contact energies 235 5.3 Thermodynamics of protein folding 236 5.4 Free-energy surfaces

  16. J. Fluid Mech. (2009), vol. 618, pp. 4170. c 2008 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112008004291 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rienstra, Sjoerd W.

    2009-01-01

    0022112008004291 Printed in the United Kingdom 41 Weakly nonlinear thermoacoustics for stacks with slowly varying, The Netherlands (Received 3 September 2007 and in revised form 14 August 2008) A general theory of thermoacoustics of thermoacoustics, as described by Rott (1980), includes all effects in acoustics in which heat conduction

  17. J. Fluid Mech. (2008), vol. 609, pp. 275284. c 2008 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112008002528 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    2008-01-01

    of the fuel is large enough that the heat flux caused by the local fluid strain rate surpasses the heat sourceJ. Fluid Mech. (2008), vol. 609, pp. 275­284. c 2008 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112008002528 Printed in the United Kingdom 275 The effect of a lifted flame on the stability of round fuel jets

  18. Journal of Tropical Ecology (2007) 23:343351. Copyright 2007 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0266467407004087 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliveira, Paulo S.

    2007-01-01

    .1017/S0266467407004087 Printed in the United Kingdom The role of ants in the removal of non, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, 13083-970 Campinas SP, Brazil Departamento de Biologia Animal, 23890-000, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Serop´edica RJ, Brazil Departamento de Zoologia, C.P. 6109

  19. Journal of Tropical Ecology (2003) 19:261270. Copyright 2003 Cambridge University Press DOI:10.1017/S0266467403003298 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliveira, Paulo S.

    2003-01-01

    .1017/S0266467403003298 Printed in the United Kingdom Interactions between ants, fruits and seeds in a restinga forest in south-eastern Brazil Luciana Passos* and Paulo S. Oliveira1 *Departamento de Bota-eastern Brazil. During 2 y of monthly samplings, 562 interactions involving 48 ant species and 44 species

  20. J. Fluid Mech. (2003), vol. 480, pp. 119128. c 2003 Cambridge University Press DOI: 10.1017/S0022112003003793 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph, Daniel D.

    2003-01-01

    of particles is lower than a critical value, the fluid column breaks during siphoning leaving a measurable0022112003003793 Printed in the United Kingdom 119 Particle-laden tubeless siphon By J. W ANG AND D. D. JOS EPH September 2002 and in revised form 2 January 2003) A tubeless siphon was created by sucking a 1% aqueous

  1. International Journal of Astrobiology 1 (1): 313 (2002) Printed in the United Kingdom DOI: 10.1017\\S1473550402001027 # 2002 Cambridge University Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lorenz, Ralph D.

    2002-01-01

    thermo- dynamics considers only equilibrium, the heat-death state at which motion and evolutionInternational Journal of Astrobiology 1 (1): 3­13 (2002) Printed in the United Kingdom DOI: 10 the quantity `entropy' and articulated the law of thermodynamics, which states that in a closed universe

  2. J. Fluid Mech. (2009), vol. 629, pp. 231262. c 2009 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112009006351 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colonius, Tim

    2009-01-01

    0022112009006351 Printed in the United Kingdom 231 Numerical simulations of non-spherical bubble collapse ERIC precursor and water-hammer shocks that arise from the re-entrant jet formation and its impact upon the distal side of the bubble, respectively. The water-hammer shock can generate very high pressures

  3. Proceedings of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society (2002) 45, 205220 c DOI:10.1017/S0013091500001140 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Wenxia

    2002-01-01

    /b) > 0 is the carrying capacity of the prey, d > 0 is the death rate of the predator, and a, c, m and f0013091500001140 Printed in the United Kingdom STABILITY AND BIFURCATION IN A DELAYED RATIO-DEPENDENT PREDATOR by assuming that the per capita rate of predation depends on the prey numbers only. Recently, the traditional

  4. J. Fluid Mech. (2007), vol. 574, pp. 5984. c 2007 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112006004034 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahesh, Krishnan

    2007-01-01

    0022112006004034 Printed in the United Kingdom 59 Direct numerical simulation of round turbulent jets in crossflow numerical simulation is used to study a round turbulent jet in a laminar crossflow. The ratio of bulk jet velocity to free-stream crossflow velocity is 5.7 and the Reynolds number based on the bulk jet velocity

  5. J. Fluid Mech. (2009), vol. 624, pp. 3344. c 2009 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112009006053 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    2009-01-01

    0022112009006053 Printed in the United Kingdom 33 Global stability of a jet in crossflow SHERVIN BAGHERI1 , PHILIPP stability analysis shows that the jet in crossflow is characterized by self- sustained global oscillations for a jet-to-crossflow velocity ratio of 3. A fully three- dimensional unstable steady-state solution

  6. Rabies Requirements for NH 4-H Animals Upon the recommendation of the New Hampshire State Veterinarian, all mammals shown or exhibited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    Rabies Requirements for NH 4-H Animals Upon the recommendation of the New Hampshire State Veterinarian, all mammals shown or exhibited at New Hampshire 4-H events including fairs, shows, clinics, 4-H and fairs may have additional vaccination and health requirements as recommended by the New Hampshire State

  7. Phase Transformations of the Ternary System (NH4)2SO4-H2SO4-H2O and the Implications for Cirrus Cloud Formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the presence of NH4 + ions in the aerosol of the upper troposphere. Low-temperature ternary phase diagrams distribution alters the cloud's radiative properties, persistence, and surface area available for heterogeneous radiation, which insulates or warms Earth, and scattering the sun's visible radiation upward, thus cooling

  8. Detailed modeling and laser-induced fluorescence imaging of nitric oxide in a NH3-seeded non-premixed methane/air flame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bell, John B.

    non-premixed methane/air flame John B. Bell, Marcus S. Day, Joseph F. Grcar Computing Sciences-induced fluorescence imaging of nitric oxide in a NH3-seeded non-premixed methane/air flame Abstract In this paper we study the formation of NO in laminar, nitrogen diluted methane diffusion flames that are seeded

  9. An Investigation of Ammonia Extraction from Liquid Manure Using a Gas-Permeable Membrane Pollution of air, soil and water caused by excessive ammonia (NH3) emission and deposition from animal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    An Investigation of Ammonia Extraction from Liquid Manure Using a Gas-Permeable Membrane Summary Pollution of air, soil and water caused by excessive ammonia (NH3) emission and deposition from animal by extracting it from liquid manure and potentially using the recovered NH3 as fertilizer. For this purpose, lab

  10. THE ROTATIONAL SPECTRUM OF ANTI-ETHYLAMINE (CH3CH2NH2) FROM 10 TO 270 GHz: A LABORATORY STUDY AND ASTRONOMICAL SEARCH IN SGR B2(N)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ziurys, Lucy M.

    AND ASTRONOMICAL SEARCH IN SGR B2(N) A. J. Apponi, M. Sun, D. T. Halfen,1 and L. M. Ziurys Departments of Chemistry identification of methylamine (CH3NH2) and ethylamine (CH3CH2NH2) in the aerogel collectors (Sandford et al. 2006

  11. DRAFT of 2015 Natural Resources Stewards Course Curriculum Overview Fridays, beginning Sept. 4, 2015 Dec. 4, 2015, 8:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. at NH Fish and Game Dept.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Game Dept. Session 4 9/25/15 1:00 pm - 8:00 pm Permaculture Day ­ Nottingham, NH Special session and Sustainable Design Services Session 5 10/02/15 8:30 am - 4:00 pm Permaculture Principles and Ethics & Reading the Forested Landscape ­ Society for the Protection of NH Forests permaculture principles introduced forces

  12. MOSE: zooming on the Meso-NH mesoscale model performances at the surface layer at ESO sites (Paranal and Armazones)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lascaux, Franck; di Arcetri, INAF / Osservatorio Astrofisico; 10.1117/12.925934

    2012-01-01

    In the context of the MOSE project, in this contribution we present a detailed analysis of the Meso-NH mesoscale model performances and their dependency on the model and orography horizontal resolutions in proximity of the ground. The investigated sites are Cerro Paranal (site of the ESO Very Large Telescope - VLT) and Cerro Armazones (site of the ESO European Extremely Large Telescope - E-ELT), in Chile. At both sites, data from a rich statistical sample of different nights are available - from AWS (Automated Weather Stations) and masts - giving access to wind speed, wind direction and temperature at different levels near the ground (from 2 m to 30 m above the ground). In this study we discuss the use of a very high horizontal resolution (dX=0.1 km) numerical configuration that overcomes some specific limitations put in evidence with a standard configuration with dX=0.5 km. In both sites results are very promising. The study is co-funded by ESO and INAF.

  13. Density Functional Studies of Stoichiometric Surfaces of Orthorhombic Hybrid Perovskite CH3NH3PbI3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Yun; Huang, Jingsong; Sumpter, Bobby G; Zhang, Haimin; Liu, Porun; Yang, Huagui; Zhao, Huijun

    2015-01-01

    Organic/inorganic hybrid perovskite materials are highly attractive for dye-sensitized solar cells as demonstrated by their rapid advances in energy conversion efficiency. In this work, the structures, energetics, and electronic properties for a range of stoichiometric surfaces of the orthorhombic perovskite CH3NH3PbI3 are theoretically studied using density functional theory. Various possible spatially and constitutionally isomeric surfaces are considered by diversifying the spatial orientations and connectivities of surface Pb-I bonds. The comparison of the surface energies for the most stable configurations identified for various surfaces shows that the stabilities of stoichiometric surfaces are mainly dictated by the coordination numbers of surface atoms, which are directly correlated with the numbers of broken bonds. Additionally, Coulombic interactions between I anions and organic countercations on the surface also contribute to the stabilization. Electronic properties are compared between the most stable (100) surface and the bulk phase, showing generally similar features except for the lifted band degeneracy and the enhanced bandgap energy for the surface. These studies on the stoichiometric surfaces serve as the first step toward gaining a fundamental understanding of the interfacial properties in the current structural design of perovskite based solar cells, in order to achieve further breakthroughs in solar conversion efficiencies.

  14. Effects of constraints in general branched molecules: A quantitative ab initio study in HCO-L-Ala-NH2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pablo Echenique; J. L. Alonso; Ivan Calvo

    2006-12-04

    A general approach to the design of accurate classical potentials for protein folding is described. It includes the introduction of a meaningful statistical measure of the differences between approximations of the same potential energy, the definition of a set of Systematic and Approximately Separable and Modular Internal Coordinates (SASMIC), much convenient for the simulation of general branched molecules, and the imposition of constraints on the most rapidly oscillating degrees of freedom. All these tools are used to study the effects of constraints in the Conformational Equilibrium Distribution (CED) of the model dipeptide HCO-L-Ala-NH2. We use ab initio Quantum Mechanics calculations including electron correlation at the MP2 level to describe the system, and we measure the conformational dependence of the correcting terms to the naive CED based in the Potential Energy Surface (PES) without any simplifying assumption. These terms are related to mass-metric tensors determinants and also occur in the Fixman's compensating potential. We show that some of the corrections are non-negligible if one is interested in the whole Ramachandran space. On the other hand, if only the energetically lower region, containing the principal secondary structure elements, is assumed to be relevant, then, all correcting terms may be neglected up to peptides of considerable length. This is the first time, as far as we know, that the analysis of the conformational dependence of these correcting terms is performed in a relevant biomolecule with a realistic potential energy function.

  15. Animal Conservation (2005) 8, 249258 C 2005 The Zoological Society of London. Printed in the United Kingdom doi:10.1017/S136794300500226X Distribution and correlates of carnivore phylogenetic diversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mooers, Arne

    2005-01-01

    in the United Kingdom doi:10.1017/S136794300500226X Distribution and correlates of carnivore phylogenetic richness. The USA contains the most species, the most EH and the second most range-weighted EH after Brazil

  16. Advancing strategic environmental assessment in the offshore oil and gas sector: Lessons from Norway, Canada, and the United Kingdom

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fidler, Courtney; Noble, Bram

    2012-04-15

    Abstract: Strategic environmental assessment (SEA) for offshore oil and gas planning and development is utilized in select international jurisdictions, but the sector has received limited attention in the SEA literature. While the potential benefits of and rationale for SEA are well argued, there have been few empirical studies of SEA processes for the offshore sector. Hence, little is known about the efficacy of SEA offshore, in particular its influence on planning and development decisions. This paper examines SEA practice and influence in three international offshore systems: Norway, Atlantic Canada and the United Kingdom, with the intent to identify the challenges, lessons and opportunities for advancing SEA in offshore planning and impact assessment. Results demonstrate that SEA can help inform and improve the efficacy and efficiency of project-based assessment in the offshore sector, however weak coordination between higher and lower tiers limit SEA's ability to influence planning and development decisions in a broad regional environmental and socioeconomic context. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer SEA can inform and improve the efficacy and efficiency of project EA offshore Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Scope and deliverables of SEA offshore often differ from stakeholder expectations Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Considerable variability in influence of SEA output beyond licensing decisions Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Sector-based SEA offshore is often too restrictive to generate expected benefits.

  17. Direct Observation of Long Electron-Hole Diffusion Distance beyond 1 Micrometer in CH3NH3PbI3 Perovskite Thin Film

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yu; Li, Yunlong; Wang, Wei; Bian, Zuqiang; Xiao, Lixin; Wang, Shufeng; Gong, Qihuang

    2015-01-01

    In high performance perovskite based on CH3NH3PbI3, the formerly reported short charge diffusion distance is a confliction to thick working layer in solar cell devices. We carried out a study on charge diffusion in spin-coated CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite thin film by transient fluorescent spectroscopy. A thickness-dependent fluorescent lifetime was found. This effect correlates to the defects at crystal grain boundaries. By coating the film with electron or hole transfer layer, PCBM or Spiro-OMeTAD respectively, we observed the charge transfer directly through the fluorescent decay. One-dimensional diffusion model was applied to obtain long charge diffusion distances, which is ~1.3 micron for electrons and ~5.2 micron for holes. This study gives direct support to the high performance of perovskite solar cells.

  18. The Origin and Coupling Mechanism of the Magnetoelectric Effect in TM Cl 2 -4SC(NH 2 ) 2 ( TM = Ni and Co)

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Mun, Eundeok; Wilcox, Jason; Manson, Jamie L.; Scott, Brian; Tobash, Paul; Zapf, Vivien S.

    2014-01-01

    Most research on multiferroics and magnetoelectric effects to date has focused on inorganic oxides. Molecule-based materials are a relatively new field in which to search for magnetoelectric multiferroics and to explore new coupling mechanisms between electric and magnetic order. We present magnetoelectric behavior in NiCl 2 -4SC(NH 2 ) 2 (DTN) and CoCl 2 -4SC(NH 2 ) 2 (DTC). These compounds form tetragonal structures where the transition metal ion (Ni or Co) is surrounded by four electrically polar thiourea molecules [SC(NH 2 ) 2 ]. By tracking the magnetic and electric properties of these compounds as a function ofmore »magnetic field, we gain insights into the coupling mechanism by observing that, in DTN, the electric polarization tracks the magnetic ordering, whereas in DTC it does not. For DTN, all electrically polar thiourea molecules tilt in the same direction along the c -axis, breaking spatial-inversion symmetry, whereas, for DTC, two thiourea molecules tilt up and two tilt down with respect to c -axis, perfectly canceling the net electrical polarization. Thus, the magnetoelectric coupling mechanism in DTN is likely a magnetostrictive adjustment of the thiourea molecule orientation in response to magnetic order. « less

  19. Modeling of plasma chemistry in an atmospheric pressure Ar/NH{sub 3} cylindrical dielectric barrier discharge described using the one-dimensional fluid model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li Zhi [School of Science, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Anshan 114051 (China); School of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Zhao Zhen [School of Chemistry and Life Science, Anshan Normal University, Anshan 114007 (China); School of Chemical Engineering, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Anshan 114051 (China); Li Xuehui [Physical Science and Technical College, Dalian University, Dalian 116622 (China)

    2013-01-15

    The keynote of our research is to study the gas phase chemistry in an atmospheric pressure Ar/NH{sub 3} cylindrical dielectric barrier discharge, which is very important to produce the iron-nitride magnetic fluid. For this purpose, a home-made one dimensional fluid model with the Scharfetter-Gummel method has been developed. The equations solved are the particle balances, assuming a drift-diffusion approximation for the fluxes, and the electron energy equation. The self-consistent electric field is obtained by the simultaneous solution of Poisson's equation. The simulations were carried out for the different ammonia concentrations (2%, 3.5%, and 7%), at a voltage of 1 kV, and a driving frequency of 20 kHz. It concluded that the major ion products of Ar are Ar{sup +} and Ar{sub 2}{sup +}. Ar{sup +} is the most important positive ions, followed by Ar{sub 2}{sup +}. It is shown that the NH{sup +} density is smaller than that of the other ammonia ions. The density of NH{sub 4}{sup +} is more than that of the other ammonia ions when the ammonia concentration increased. The diffuse mode can be established after the discharge was ignited, and the mode changes to filamentary mode with an increase in ammonia concentration.

  20. Periprocedural Prophylactic Antithrombotic Strategies in Interventional Radiology: Current Practice in the Netherlands and Comparison with the United Kingdom

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiersema, Arno M., E-mail: arno@wiersema.nu [Westfriesgasthuis, Hoorn, Department of Surgery (Netherlands); Vos, Jan-Albert, E-mail: j.a.vos@antonius.net [St Antonius Hospital, Nieuwegein, Department of Radiology, Division of Interventional Radiology (Netherlands)] [St Antonius Hospital, Nieuwegein, Department of Radiology, Division of Interventional Radiology (Netherlands); Bruijninckx, Cornelis M. A., E-mail: cmabruijninckx@planet.nl [Equipe Zorg Bedrijven, Rotterdam, Department of Surgery (Netherlands)] [Equipe Zorg Bedrijven, Rotterdam, Department of Surgery (Netherlands); Delden, Otto M. van, E-mail: o.m.vandelden@amc.uva.nl [Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Department of Radiology, Division of Interventional Radiology (Netherlands)] [Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Department of Radiology, Division of Interventional Radiology (Netherlands); Reijnen, Michel M. P. J., E-mail: mmpj.reijnen@gmail.com [Rijnstate Hospital, Arnhem, Department of Surgery (Netherlands); Vahl, Anco, E-mail: a.c.vahl@olvg.nl [Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis, Amsterdam, Department of Surgery (Netherlands)] [Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis, Amsterdam, Department of Surgery (Netherlands); Zeebregts, Clark J., E-mail: czeebregts@hotmail.com [University of Groningen, Department of Surgery, Division of Vascular Surgery, University Medical Centre Groningen (Netherlands); Moll, Frans L., E-mail: F.L.Moll@umcutrecht.nl [University of Utrecht, Department of Surgery, Division of Vascular Surgery, University Medical Centre Utrecht (Netherlands)

    2013-12-15

    Purpose: The use of prophylactic antithrombotic drugs to prevent arterial thrombosis during the periprocedural period during (percutaneous) peripheral arterial interventions (PAIs) is still a matter of dispute, and clear evidence-based guidelines are lacking. To create those guidelines, a study group was formed in the Netherlands in cooperation with the Dutch Society of Vascular Surgery and the Society of Interventional Radiology. The study group is called 'Consensus on Arterial PeriProcedural Anticoagulation (CAPPA).' Materials and Methods: The CAPPA study group devised and distributed a comprehensive questionnaire amongst Dutch interventional radiologists (IRs). Results: One hundred forty-two IRs responded (68 %) to the questionnaire. Almost no IR stopped acetyl salicylic acid before interventions, and 40 % stopped clopidogrel before PAI but not before carotid artery stenting (CAS). A flushing solution on the sideport of the sheath was used routinely by 30 % of IRs in PAI and by 50 % of IRs during CAS. A minority of IRs used a heparinised flushing solution (28 %). Unfractionated heparin was used by 95 % of IRs as bolus; 5000 IU was the most used dosage. Timing of administration varied widely. A majority of IRs (75 %) repeated heparin administration after 1 h. Conclusion: A substantial variety exists amongst IRs in the Netherlands regarding the use of prophylactic periprocedural antithrombotic drugs to prevent arterial thrombosis during PAI. When compared with varying results regarding the use of heparin in the United Kingdom, the variety in the Netherlands showed a different pattern. The proven variety in these countries, and also between these countries, emphasises the need for authoritative studies to develop evidence-based practical guidelines.

  1. Exploiting parameter space in MOFs: a 20-fold enhancement of phosphate-ester hydrolysis with UiO-66-NH 2

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Katz, Michael J.; Moon, Su-Young; Mondloch, Joseph E.; Beyzavi, M. Hassan; Stephenson, Casey J.; Hupp, Joseph T.; Farha, Omar K.

    2015-02-24

    The hydrolysis of nerve agents is of primary concern due to the severe toxicity of these agents. Using a MOF-based catalyst (UiO-66), we have previously demonstrated that the hydrolysis can occur with relatively fast half-lives of 50 minutes. However, these rates are still prohibitively slow to be efficiently utilized for some practical applications (e.g., decontamination wipes used to clean exposed clothing/skin/vehicles). We thus turned our attention to derivatives of UiO-66 in order to probe the importance of functional groups on the hydrolysis rate. Three UiO-66 derivatives were explored; UiO-66-NO2 and UiO-66-(OH)2 showed little to no change in hydrolysis rate. However,more »UiO-66-NH2 showed a 20 fold increase in hydrolysis rate over the parent UiO-66 MOF. Half-lives of 1 minute were observed with this MOF. In order to probe the role of the amino moiety, we turned our attention to UiO-67, UiO-67-NMe2 and UiO-67-NH2. In these MOFs, the amino moiety is in close proximity to the zirconium node. We observed that UiO-67-NH2 is a faster catalyst than UiO-67 and UiO-67-NMe2. We conclude that the role of the amino moiety is to act as a proton-transfer agent during the catalytic cycle and not to hydrogen bond or to form a phosphorane intermediate.« less

  2. Regulatory Safety Issues in the Structural Design Criteria of ASME Section III Subsection NH and for Very High Temperatures for VHTR & GEN IV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    William J. O’Donnell; Donald S. Griffin

    2007-05-07

    The objective of this task is to identify issues relevant to ASME Section III, Subsection NH [1], and related Code Cases that must be resolved for licensing purposes for VHTGRs (Very High Temperature Gas Reactor concepts such as those of PBMR, Areva, and GA); and to identify the material models, design criteria, and analysis methods that need to be added to the ASME Code to cover the unresolved safety issues. Subsection NH was originally developed to provide structural design criteria and limits for elevated-temperature design of Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor (LMFBR) systems and some gas-cooled systems. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and its Advisory Committee for Reactor Safeguards (ACRS) reviewed the design limits and procedures in the process of reviewing the Clinch River Breeder Reactor (CRBR) for a construction permit in the late 1970s and early 1980s, and identified issues that needed resolution. In the years since then, the NRC and various contractors have evaluated the applicability of the ASME Code and Code Cases to high-temperature reactor designs such as the VHTGRs, and identified issues that need to be resolved to provide a regulatory basis for licensing. This Report describes: (1) NRC and ACRS safety concerns raised during the licensing process of CRBR , (2) how some of these issues are addressed by the current Subsection NH of the ASME Code; and (3) the material models, design criteria, and analysis methods that need to be added to the ASME Code and Code Cases to cover unresolved regulatory issues for very high temperature service.

  3. Preparation of Single Phase Films of CH3NH3Pb(I1-xBrx)3 with Sharp Optical Band Edges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadhanala, Aditya; Deschler, Felix; Thomas, Tudor H; Dutton, Siân E.; Goedel, Karl C.; Hanusch, Fabian C.; Lai, May L.; Steiner, Ullrich; Bein, Thomas; Docampo, Pablo; Cahen, David; Friend, Richard H.

    2014-07-09

    ?inorganic perovskite (CH3NH3PbI3?xClx) solar cells now show photovoltaic (PV) performance1?4 approaching 18%,5,6 and high charge-carrier mobilities.7 Perovskite films have also shown promising photoluminescence quantum efficiencies (PLQEs) of more than 70% and lasing... .; Grat?zel, M.; Mhaisalkar, S.; Sum, T. C. Low-Temperature Solution- Processed Wavelength-Tunable Perovskites for Lasing. Nat. Mater. 2014, 13, 476?480. (9) Deschler, F.; Price, M.; Pathak, S.; Klintberg, L. E.; Jarausch, D.- D.; Higler, R.; Hu?ttner, S...

  4. Synthesis and Evaluation of Cu/SAPO-34 Catalysts for NH3-SCR 2: Solid-state Ion Exchange and One-pot Synthesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gao, Feng; Walter, Eric D.; Washton, Nancy M.; Szanyi, Janos; Peden, Charles HF

    2015-01-01

    Cu-SAPO-34 catalysts are synthesized using two methods: solid-state ion exchange (SSIE) and one-pot synthesis. SSIE is conducted by calcining SAPO-34/CuO mixtures at elevated temperatures. For the one-pot synthesis method, Cu-containing chemicals (CuO and CuSO4) are added during gel preparation. A high-temperature calcination step is also needed for this method. Catalysts are characterized with surface area/pore volume measurements, temperature programmed reduction (TPR), electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopies, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Catalytic properties are examined using standard ammonia selective catalytic reduction (NH3-SCR) and ammonia oxidation reactions. In Cu-SAPO-34 samples formed using SSIE, Cu presents both as isolated Cu2+ ions and unreacted CuO. The former is highly active and selective in NH3-SCR, while the latter catalyzes a side reaction; notably, the non-selective oxidation of NH3 above 350 ºC. Using the one-pot method followed by a high-temperature aging treatment, it is possible to form Cu SAPO-34 samples with predominately isolated Cu2+ ions at low Cu loadings. However at much higher Cu loadings, isolated Cu2+ ions that bind weakly with the CHA framework and CuO clusters also form. These Cu moieties are very active in catalyzing non-selective NH3 oxidation above 350 ºC. Low-temperature reaction kinetics indicate that Cu-SAPO-34 samples formed using SSIE have core-shell structures where Cu is enriched in the shell layers; while Cu is more evenly distributed within the one-pot samples. Reaction kinetics also suggest that at low temperatures, the local environment next to Cu2+ ion centers plays little role on the overall catalytic properties. The authors gratefully acknowledge the US Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Vehicle Technologies Office for the support of this work. The research described in this paper was performed at the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL), a national scientific user facility sponsored by the DOE’s Office of Biological and Environmental Research and located at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). PNNL is operated for the US DOE by Battelle under contract number DE-AC05-76RL01830. The authors also thank Shari Li (PNNL) for surface area/pore volume measurements, and Bruce W. Arey (PNNL) for SEM measurements. Discussions with Drs. A. Yezerets, K. Kamasamudram, J.H. Li, N. Currier and J.Y. Luo from Cummins, Inc. and H.Y. Chen and H. Hess from Johnson-Matthey are greatly appreciated.

  5. AFFECTS OF MECHANICAL MILLING AND METAL OXIDE ADDITIVES ON SORPTION KINETICS OF 1:1 LiNH2/MgH2 MIXTURE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Erdy, C.; Anton, D.; Gray, J.

    2010-12-08

    The destabilized complex hydride system composed of LiNH{sub 2}:MgH{sub 2} (1:1 molar ratio) is one of the leading candidates of hydrogen storage with a reversible hydrogen storage capacity of 8.1 wt%. A low sorption enthalpy of {approx}32 kJ/mole H{sub 2} was first predicted by Alapati et al. utilizing first principle density function theory (DFT) calculations and has been subsequently confirmed empirically by Lu et al. through differential thermal analysis (DTA). This enthalpy suggests that favorable sorption kinetics should be obtainable at temperatures in the range of 160 C to 200 C. Preliminary experiments reported in the literature indicate that sorption kinetics are substantially lower than expected in this temperature range despite favorable thermodynamics. Systematic isothermal and isobaric sorption experiments were performed using a Sievert's apparatus to form a baseline data set by which to compare kinetic results over the pressure and temperature range anticipated for use of this material as a hydrogen storage media. Various material preparation methods and compositional modifications were performed in attempts to increase the kinetics while lowering the sorption temperatures. This paper outlines the results of these systematic tests and describes a number of beneficial additions which influence kinetics as well as NH{sub 3} formation.

  6. Animal Conservation (2004) 7, 113120 C 2004 The Zoological Society of London. Printed in the United Kingdom DOI:10.1017/S1367943004001404 Can parks protect migratory ungulates? The case of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLaughlin, Robert L.

    2004-01-01

    in the United Kingdom DOI:10.1017/S1367943004001404 Can parks protect migratory ungulates? The case in different parts of the ecosystem. The collared wildebeest spent 90% of their time within well-protected core of the protected area network to conserve biodiversity. These include the location of protected areas in relation

  7. Nicholas (Nick) Ambraseys was born in Athens (Greece) on 19th January 1929 and died peacefully at his home in Putney (London, United Kingdom) on 28th December 2012 at the age of 83. Nick

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    D, which he was awarded in 1958. Following a few years at universities in Greece and in the United States at his home in Putney (London, United Kingdom) on 28th December 2012 at the age of 83. Nick attended of America he returned to Imperial College and remained there until his death. He was made Professor

  8. Calculation of exact vibrational spectra for P{sub 2}O and CH{sub 2}NH using a phase space wavelet basis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Halverson, Thomas, E-mail: tom.halverson@ttu.edu; Poirier, Bill [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and Department of Physics, Texas Tech University, P.O. Box 41061, Lubbock, Texas 79409-1061 (United States)

    2014-05-28

    ‘‘Exact” quantum dynamics calculations of vibrational spectra are performed for two molecular systems of widely varying dimensionality (P{sub 2}O and CH{sub 2}NH), using a momentum-symmetrized Gaussian basis. This basis has been previously shown to defeat exponential scaling of computational cost with system dimensionality. The calculations were performed using the new “SWITCHBLADE” black-box code, which utilizes both dimensionally independent algorithms and massive parallelization to compute very large numbers of eigenstates for any fourth-order force field potential, in a single calculation. For both molecules considered here, many thousands of vibrationally excited states were computed, to at least an “intermediate” level of accuracy (tens of wavenumbers). Future modifications to increase the accuracy to “spectroscopic” levels, along with other potential future improvements of the new code, are also discussed.

  9. Qualifying composition dependent p and n self-doping in CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Qi; Shao, Yuchuan; Huang, Jinsong; Xie, Haipeng; Lyu, Lu; Liu, Xiaoliang; Gao, Yongli

    2014-10-20

    We report the observation of self-doping in perovskite. CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3} was found to be either n- or p-doped by changing the ratio of methylammonium halide (MAI) and lead iodine (PbI{sub 2}) which are the two precursors for perovskite formation. MAI-rich and PbI{sub 2}-rich perovskite films are p and n self-doped, respectively. Thermal annealing can convert the p-type perovskite to n-type by removing MAI. The carrier concentration varied as much as six orders of magnitude. A clear correlation between doping level and device performance was also observed.

  10. Structure of duplex DNA containing the cisplatin 1,2-{Pt(NH3)2}[superscript 2]+-d(GpG) crosslink at 1.77 [Angstrom] resolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Todd, Ryan C.

    We report the 1.77-Å resolution X-ray crystal structure of a dodecamer DNA duplex with the sequence 5?-CCTCTGGTCTCC-3? that has been modified to contain a single engineered 1,2-cis-{Pt(NH3)2}2+-d(GpG) cross-link, the major ...

  11. Experimental and Theoretical EPR Study of Jahn?Teller-Active [HIPTN[subscript 3]N]MoL Complexes (L = N[subscript 2], CO, NH[subscript 3])

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNaughton, Rebecca L.

    The trigonally symmetric Mo(III) coordination compounds [HIPTN[subscript 3]N]MoL (L = N[subscript 2], CO, NH[subscript 3]; [HIPTN3N]Mo = [(3,5-(2,4,6-i-Pr[subscript 3]C[subscript 6]H[subscript 2])[subscript 2]C[subscript ...

  12. Ammonium–cobalt–nickel phosphates, NH{sub 4}[Co{sub 1?x}Ni{sub x}PO{sub 4}]·H{sub 2}O

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Torre-Fernández, Laura; Trobajo, Camino [Departamentos de Química Física y Analítica y Química Orgánica e Inorgánica, Universidad de Oviedo-CINN, Oviedo, Asturias 33006 (Spain); Pedro, Imanol de [CITIMAC, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Cantabria, 39005 Santander (Spain); Alfonso, Belén F. [Departamento de Física, Universidad de Oviedo, Oviedo, Asturias 33007 (Spain); Fabelo, Oscar [Institut Laue Langevin, Grenoble, France and Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragón, CSIC-Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza (Spain); Blanco, Jesús A. [Departamento de Física, Universidad de Oviedo, Oviedo, Asturias 33007 (Spain); García, José R., E-mail: jrgm@uniovi.es [Departamentos de Química Física y Analítica y Química Orgánica e Inorgánica, Universidad de Oviedo-CINN, Oviedo, Asturias 33006 (Spain); García-Granda, Santiago [Departamentos de Química Física y Analítica y Química Orgánica e Inorgánica, Universidad de Oviedo-CINN, Oviedo, Asturias 33006 (Spain)

    2013-10-15

    The ammonium–cobalt–nickel phosphates, NH{sub 4}[Co{sub 1?x}Ni{sub x}PO{sub 4}]·H{sub 2}O (x=0.00, 0.34, 0.59, 0.70, 1.00), and the deuterated forms, ND{sub 4}[Co{sub 1?x}Ni{sub x}PO{sub 4}]·D{sub 2}O (x=0.00, 0.38, 0.48, 0.69, 0.85), have been synthesized under mild hydrothermal conditions and characterised using X-ray and neutron diffraction, chemical and thermal analysis, and magnetic measurements. Their crystal structures, including hydrogen positions, were determined by Rietveld refinement using single-crystal X-ray and neutron powder diffraction data. The space group of these orthorhombic crystals modifies as a function of their composition. The magnetic susceptibility and magnetization measurements of these ammonium–cobalt–nickel phosphates show antiferromagnetic behaviour, and the Neel temperature evolves from 5.5 K (x=0.00) up to 13.2 K (x=1.00). - Graphical abstract: We obtained single crystals for all the members of the family. In this series, although all crystals are orthorhombic, the space group changes as a function of the composition, showing how the single-crystal diffraction data is capable to manifest structural subtleties that had not been described before for this group of materials. All the investigated materials behave antiferromagnetically with ordering temperatures from 5.5 K up to 13.2 K. Display Omitted - Highlights: • The ammonium–cobalt–nickel phosphates, NH{sub 4}[Co{sub 1?x}Ni{sub x}PO{sub 4}]·H{sub 2}O (x=0.00, 0.34, 0.59, 0.70, 1.00) and the deuterated forms ND4[Co1-xNixPO4]·D{sub 2}O (x=0.00, 0.38, 0.49, 0.68, 0.85) have synthesized by hydrothermal synthesis. • The structural studies of these compounds are introduced as a function of the composition. • The magnetic studies show an antiferromagnetically behavior with ordering temperatures from 5.5 K to 13.2 K.

  13. Investigation of carbon distribution with {sup 14}C as tracer for carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) sequestration through NH{sub 4}HCO{sub 3} production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhongxian Cheng; Youhua Ma; Xin Li; Wei-Ping Pan [Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, KY (United States). Institute for Combustion Science and Environmental Technology

    2007-12-15

    This work studies carbon fate using the {sup 14}C tracer technique in ecosystems when synthesized fertilizer is applied. The concept of aqueous ammonia solution scrubbing CO{sub 2} from flue gas is used in the fertilizer synthesis. Products after the capture are ammonium bicarbonate (ABC, NH{sub 4}HCO{sub 3}) or long-term effect ammonium bicarbonate (LEABC, NH{sub 4}HCO{sub 3}), an economic source of nitrogen fertilizer. The ABC or LEABC is used as a 'carrier' to transport CO{sub 2} from the atmosphere to the crops and soil. An indoor greenhouse was built, and wheat was chosen as the plant to study in this ecosystem. The investigated ecosystem consists of plant (wheat), soils with three different pH values (alkaline, neutral, and acidic), and three types of underground water (different Ca{sup 2+} and Mg{sup 2+} concentrations). After biological assimilation and metabolism in wheat receiving ABC or LEABC, it was found that a considerable amount (up to 10%) of the carbon source was absorbed by the wheat with increased biomass production. The majority of the unused carbon source (up to 76%) percolated into the soil as carbonates, such as environmentally benign calcium carbonate (CaCO{sub 3}). Generally speaking, alkaline soil has a higher capability to capture and store carbon. For the same soil, there is no apparent difference in carbon capturing capability between ABC and LEABC. These findings answer the question of how carbon is distributed after synthesized ABC or LEABC is applied into the ecosystem. In addition, a separate postexperiment on carbon forms that existed in the soil was made. It was found that up to 88% of the trapped carbon existed in the form of insoluble salts (i.e., CaCO{sub 3}) in alkaline soils. This indicates that alkaline soil has a greater potential for storing carbon after the use of the synthesized ABC or LEABC from exhausted CO{sub 2}. 21 refs., 6 figs., 5 tabs.

  14. Imaging ion-molecule reactions: Charge transfer and C-N bond formation in the C{sup +}+ NH{sub 3} system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pei, Linsen; Farrar, James M. [Department of Chemistry, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States)

    2012-05-28

    The velocity mapping ion imaging method is applied to the ion-molecule reactions occurring between C{sup +} and NH{sub 3}. The velocity space images are collected over the relative collision energy range from 1.5 to 3.3 eV, allowing both product kinetic energy distributions and angular distributions to be obtained from the data. The charge transfer process appears to be direct, dominated by long-range electron transfer that results in minimal deflection of the products. The product kinetic energy distributions are consistent with a process dominated by energy resonance. The kinetic energy distributions for C-N bond formation appear to scale with the total available energy, providing strong evidence that energy in the [CNH{sub 3}]{sup +} precursor to products is distributed statistically. The angular distributions for C-N bond formation show pronounced forward-backward symmetry, as expected for a complex that resembles a prolate symmetric top decaying along its symmetry axis.

  15. MOSE: a feasibility study for optical turbulence forecasts with the Meso-Nh mesoscale model to support AO facilities at ESO sites (Paranal and Armazones)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masciadri, E; 10.1117/12.925924

    2012-01-01

    We present very encouraging preliminary results obtained in the context of the MOSE project, an on-going study aiming at investigating the feasibility of the forecast of the optical turbulence and meteorological parameters (in the free atmosphere as well as in the boundary and surface layer) at Cerro Paranal (site of the Very Large Telescope - VLT) and Cerro Armazones (site of the European Extremely Large Telescope - E-ELT), both in Chile. The study employs the Meso-Nh atmospheric mesoscale model and aims at supplying a tool for optical turbulence forecasts to support the scheduling of the scientific programs and the use of AO facilities at the VLT and the E-ELT. In this study we take advantage of the huge amount of measurements performed so far at Paranal and Armazones by ESO and the TMT consortium in the context of the site selection for the E-ELT and the TMT to constraint/validate the model. A detailed analysis of the model performances in reproducing the atmospheric parameters (T, V, p, H, ...) near the g...

  16. Application of x-ray tomography to optimization of new NOx/NH3 mixed potential sensors for vehicle on-board emissions control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, Mark A; Brosha, Eric L; Mukundan, Rangachary; Garzon, Fernando H

    2009-01-01

    Mixed potential sensors for the detection of hydrocarbons, NO{sub x}, and NH{sub 3} have been previously developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The LANL sensors have a unique design incorporating dense ceramic-pelletlmetal-wire electrodes and porous electrolytes. The performance of current-biased sensors using an yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) electrolyte and platinum and La{sub 0.8}Sr{sub 0.2}CrO{sub 3} electrodes is reported. X-ray tomography has been applied to non-destructively examine internal structures of these sensors. NO{sub x} and hydrocarbon response of the sensors under various bias conditions is reported, and very little NO{sub x} response hysteresis was observed. The application of a 0.6 {mu}A bias to these sensors shifts the response from a hydrocarbon response to a NO{sub x} response equal for both NO and NO{sub 2} species at approximately 500 {sup o}C in air.

  17. LOW-TEMPERATURE ION TRAP STUDIES OF N{sup +}({sup 3} P{sub ja} ) + H{sub 2}(j) {yields} NH{sup +} + H

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zymak, I.; Hejduk, M.; Mulin, D.; Plasil, R.; Glosik, J.; Gerlich, D.

    2013-05-01

    Using a low-temperature 22-pole ion trap apparatus, detailed measurements for the title reaction have been performed between 10 K and 100 K in order to get some state specific information about this fundamental hydrogen abstraction process. The relative population of the two lowest H{sub 2} rotational states, j = 0 and 1, has been varied systematically. NH{sup +} formation is nearly thermo-neutral; however, to date, the energetics are not known with the accuracy required for low-temperature astrochemistry. Additional complications arise from the fact that, so far, there is no reliable theoretical or experimental information on how the reactivity of the N{sup +} ion depends on its fine-structure (FS) state {sup 3} P{sub ja} . Since in the present trapping experiment, thermalization of the initially hot FS population competes with hydrogen abstraction, the evaluation of the decay of N{sup +} ions over long storage times and at various He and H{sub 2} gas densities provides information on these processes. First assuming strict adiabatic behavior, a set of state specific rate coefficients is derived from the measured thermal rate coefficients. In addition, by recording the disappearance of the N{sup +} ions over several orders of magnitude, information on nonadiabatic transitions is extracted including FS-changing collisions.

  18. Decommissioning of the Dragon High Temperature Reactor (HTR) Located at the Former United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority (UKAEA) Research Site at Winfrith - 13180

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Anthony A. [Research Sites Restoration Ltd, Winfrith, Dorset (United Kingdom)] [Research Sites Restoration Ltd, Winfrith, Dorset (United Kingdom)

    2013-07-01

    The Dragon Reactor was constructed at the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Research Establishment at Winfrith in Dorset through the late 1950's and into the early 1960's. It was a High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactor (HTR) with helium gas coolant and graphite moderation. It operated as a fuel testing and demonstration reactor at up to 20 MW (Thermal) from 1964 until 1975, when international funding for this project was terminated. The fuel was removed from the core in 1976 and the reactor was put into Safestore. To meet the UK's Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA) objective to 'drive hazard reduction' [1] it is necessary to decommission and remediate all the Research Sites Restoration Ltd (RSRL) facilities. This includes the Dragon Reactor where the activated core, pressure vessel and control rods and the contaminated primary circuit (including a {sup 90}Sr source) still remain. It is essential to remove these hazards at the appropriate time and return the area occupied by the reactor to a safe condition. (author)

  19. NH Coverts Project Advisory Committee Meeting Notes, April 3, 2015 NH Fish & Game, Concord, NH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    Members Present: Peter Beblowski, Antrim Karen Bennett, UNH Coop. Extension Cynthia Bruss, Springfield integrating wildlife-friendly agriculture into the list of `land management' options. Upcoming 2015 Workshop #12;- Cynthia pointed out the need for a presentation in the state on reptiles (particularly, snakes

  20. Leading Edge Slicing across Kingdoms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarado, Alejandro Sánchez

    he had discovered in pond water was or was not a plant (Figure 1A): I speculated anew that perhaps part was only a kind of tail without the organs vital to the life of the animal. Who would have

  1. Legitimacy In A Bastard Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Applbaum, Arthur Isak

    2004-01-05

    "Now, gods, stand up for bastards!" No, this is not the prayer of the New York litigator; it is the battle cry of Edmund, bastard son of the Earl of Gloucester and one of the great early modern theorists of political ...

  2. Morphology control of open-framework zinc phosphate Zn{sub 4}(H{sub 3}O)(NH{sub 4}){sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 4} via microwave-assisted technique

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ding, Ling; Song, Yu; Yang, Wei; Xue, Run-Miao; Zhai, Shang-Ru; An, Qing-Da

    2013-08-15

    Open-framework zinc phosphates were synthesized by microwave-assisted technique, and it was shown that the morphology of as-prepared materials could be easily tailored by changing synthesis temperature, reaction time and pH value. During the synthesis, when the reaction temperature increases from 130 °C to 220 °C, the products transformed from hexagonal prisms to polyhedron along with the disappearance of the hexagonal prisms vertical plane. Simultaneously, both the reaction time and pH value could promote the nucleation and growth of crystal particles. More interestingly, the target products with different morphologies could be obtained by varying the usage of NaOH or NH{sub 3}·H{sub 2}O at 130 °C during the microwave synthesis process. - Graphical abstract: Zinc phosphates with variable morphologies can be obtained by simply tuning the microwave-heating temperatures. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Synthesis of open-framework Zn{sub 4} (H{sub 3}O) (NH{sub 4}){sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 4} compounds employing microwave technique. • Dependence of morphology on the reaction conditions. • Morphology transformation from hexagonal prisms to polyhedron was observed.

  3. Spatiotemporal distribution of NOx storage and impact on NH3 and N2O selectivities during lean/rich cycling of a Ba-based lean NOx trap catalyst

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Choi, Jae-Soon [ORNL; Partridge Jr, William P [ORNL; Pihl, Josh A [ORNL; Kim, Miyoung [ORNL; Koci, Petr [Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague, Czech Republic; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL

    2012-01-01

    We summarize results from an investigation of the spatiotemporal distribution of NO{sub x} storage and intermediate gas species in determining the performance of a fully formulated, Ba-based, lean NO{sub x} trap catalyst under lean/rich cycling conditions. By experimentally resolving spatiotemporal profiles of gas composition, we found that stored NO{sub x} was significantly redistributed along the monolith axis during the rich phase of the cycle by release and subsequent downstream re-adsorption. Sulfur poisoning of upstream NO{sub x} storage sites caused the active NO{sub x}-storage zone to be displaced downstream. This axial displacement in turn influenced rich-phase NO{sub x} release and re-adsorption. As sulfur poisoning increased, NH3 slip at the catalyst exit also increased due to its formation closer to the catalyst outlet and decreased exposure to downstream oxidation by surface oxygen. N{sub 2}O formation was found to be associated with nitrate reduction rather than oxidation of NH3 by stored oxygen. We propose that the observed evolution of N{sub 2}O selectivity with sulfation can be explained by changes in the spatiotemporal distribution of NO{sub x} storage resulting in either increased or decreased number of precious-metal sites surrounded by nitrates.

  4. Energy conservation and electricity sector liberalization: Case-studies on the development of cogeneration, wind energy and demand-side management in the Netherlands, Denmark, Germany and the United Kingdom

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Slingerland, S.

    1998-07-01

    In this paper, the development of cogeneration, wind energy and demand-side management in the Netherlands, Denmark, Germany and the United Kingdom are compared. It is discussed to what extent these developments are determined by the liberalization process. Three key liberalization variables are identified: unbundling, privatization and introduction of competition. The analysis suggests that unbundling prior to introduction of full competition in generation is particularly successful in stimulating industrial cogeneration; simultaneous introduction of competition and unbundling mainly stimulates non-cogeneration gas-based capacity; and introduction of competition in itself is likely to impede the development of district-heating cogeneration. Furthermore, it is argued that development of wind energy and demand-side management are primarily dependent on the kind of support system set up by policy makers rather than on the liberalization process. Negative impacts of introduction of competition on integrated resource planning and commercial energy services could nevertheless be expected.

  5. High external quantum efficiency and fill-factor InGaN/GaN heterojunction solar cells grown by NH3-based molecular beam epitaxy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lang, J. R.; Neufeld, C. J.; Hurni, C. A.; Cruz, S. C.; Matioli, E.; Mishra, U. K.; Speck, J. S.

    2011-04-01

    High external quantum efficiency (EQE) p-i-n heterojunction solar cellsgrown by NH3 -based molecular beam epitaxy are presented. EQE values including optical losses are greater than 50% with fill-factors over 72% when illuminated with a 1 sun AM0 spectrum. Optical absorptionmeasurements in conjunction with EQE measurements indicate an internal quantum efficiency greater than 90% for the InGaN absorbing layer. By adjusting the thickness of the top p-type GaN window contact layer, it is shown that the short-wavelength (<365 nm) quantum efficiency is limited by the minority carrier diffusion length in highly Mg-doped p-GaN.

  6. Hydrogen storage in a combined M.sub.xAlH.sub.6/M'.sub.y(NH.sub.2).sub.z system and methods of making and using the same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lu, Jun (Salt Lake City, UT); Fang, Zhigang Zak (Salt Lake City, UT); Sohn, Hong Yong (Salt Lake City, UT)

    2012-04-03

    As a promising clean fuel for vehicles, hydrogen can be used for propulsion, either directly or in fuel cells. Hydrogen storage compositions having high storage capacity, good dehydrogenation kinetics, and hydrogen release and uptake reactions which are reversible are disclosed and described. Generally a hydrogen storage composition of a metal aluminum hexahydride and a metal amide can be used. A combined system (Li.sub.3AIH.sub.6/3LiNH.sub.2) with a very high inherent hydrogen capacity (7.3 wt %) can be carried out at moderate temperatures, and with approximately 95% of that inherent hydrogen storage capacity (7.0%) is reversible over repeated cycling of release and uptake.

  7. Accurate ab initio-based adiabatic global potential energy surface for the 2{sup 2}A? state of NH{sub 2} by extrapolation to the complete basis set limit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Y. Q.; Ma, F. C.; Sun, M. T.

    2013-10-21

    A full three-dimensional global potential energy surface is reported first time for the title system, which is important for the photodissociation processes. It is obtained using double many-body expansion theory and an extensive set of accurate ab initio energies extrapolated to the complete basis set limit. Such a work can be recommended for dynamics studies of the N({sup 2}D) + H{sub 2} reaction, a reliable theoretical treatment of the photodissociation dynamics and as building blocks for constructing the double many-body expansion potential energy surface of larger nitrogen/hydrogen containing systems. In turn, a preliminary theoretical study of the reaction N({sup 2}D)+H{sub 2}(X{sup 1}?{sub g}{sup +})(?=0,j=0)?NH(a{sup 1}?)+H({sup 2}S) has been carried out with the method of quasi-classical trajectory on the new potential energy surface. Integral cross sections and thermal rate constants have been calculated, providing perhaps the most reliable estimate of the integral cross sections and the rate constants known thus far for such a reaction.

  8. Effective hole extraction using MoO{sub x}-Al contact in perovskite CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3} solar cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhao, Yixin; Nardes, Alexandre M.; Zhu, Kai

    2014-05-26

    We report an 11.4%-efficient perovskite CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3} solar cell using low-cost molybdenum oxide/aluminum (i.e., MoO{sub x}/Al) as an alternative top contact to replace noble/precious metals (e.g., Au or Ag) for extracting photogenerated holes. The device performance of perovskite solar cells using a MoO{sub x}/Al top contact is comparable to that of cells using the standard Ag top contact. Analysis of impedance spectroscopy measurements suggests that using 10-nm-thick MoO{sub x} and Al does not affect charge-recombination properties of perovskite solar cells. Using a thicker (20-nm) MoO{sub x} layer leads to a lower cell performance caused mainly by a reduced fill factor. Our results suggest that MoO{sub x}/Al is promising as a low-cost and effective hole-extraction contact for perovskite solar cells.

  9. Herschel-HIFI observations of H2O, NH3 and N2H+ toward high-mass starless and proto-stellar clumps identified by the Hi-GAL survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olmi, Luca; Codella, Claudio

    2015-01-01

    Our present understanding of high-mass star formation still remains very schematic. In particular, it is not yet clear how much of the difference between low-mass and high-mass star formation occurs during the earliest star formation phases. The chemical characteristics of massive cold clumps, and the comparison with those of their low-mass counterparts, could provide crucial clues about the exact role that chemistry plays in differentiating the early phases of low-mass and high-mass star formation. Water, in particular, is a unique probe of physical and chemical conditions in star-forming regions. Using the HIFI instrument of Herschel we have observed the ortho-NH3 (1_0-0_0) (572GHz), ortho-H2O (1_10-1_01) (557GHz) and N2H+ (6-5) (559GHz) lines toward a sample of high-mass starless and proto-stellar clumps selected from the "Herschel} Infrared Galactic Plane Survey" (Hi-GAL). We compare our results to previous studies of low-mass and high-mass proto-stellar objects. At least one of the three molecular lines ...

  10. A comparison of dose and dose-rate conversion factors from the Soviet Union, United Kingdom, US Department of Energy, and the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Fusion Safety Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rood, A.S.; Abbott, M.L.

    1991-12-01

    Several independent data sets of radiological dose and dose-rate conversion factors (DCF/DRCF) have been tabulated or developed by the international community both for fission and fusion safety purposes. This report compares sets from the US Department of Energy, the Soviet Union, and the United Kingdom with those calculated by the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Fusion Safety Program. The objectives were to identify trends and potential outlying values for specific radionuclides and contribute to a future benchmark evaluation of the CARR computer code. Fifty-year committed effective dose equivalent factors were compared for the inhalation and ingestion pathways. External effective dose equivalent rates were compared for the air immersion and ground surface exposure pathways. Comparisons were made by dividing dose factors in the different data bases by the values in the FSP data base. Differences in DCF/DRCF values less than a factor of 2 were considered to be in good agreement and are likely due to the use of slightly different decay data, variations in the number of organs considered for calculating CEDE, and rounding errors. DCF/DRCF values that differed by greater than a factor of 10 were considered to be significant. These differences are attributed primarily to the use of different radionuclide decay data, selection and nomenclature for different isomeric states, treatment of progeny radionuclides, differences in calculational methodology, and assumptions on a radionuclide's chemical form.

  11. A comparison of dose and dose-rate conversion factors from the Soviet Union, United Kingdom, US Department of Energy, and the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Fusion Safety Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rood, A.S.; Abbott, M.L.

    1991-12-01

    Several independent data sets of radiological dose and dose-rate conversion factors (DCF/DRCF) have been tabulated or developed by the international community both for fission and fusion safety purposes. This report compares sets from the US Department of Energy, the Soviet Union, and the United Kingdom with those calculated by the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Fusion Safety Program. The objectives were to identify trends and potential outlying values for specific radionuclides and contribute to a future benchmark evaluation of the CARR computer code. Fifty-year committed effective dose equivalent factors were compared for the inhalation and ingestion pathways. External effective dose equivalent rates were compared for the air immersion and ground surface exposure pathways. Comparisons were made by dividing dose factors in the different data bases by the values in the FSP data base. Differences in DCF/DRCF values less than a factor of 2 were considered to be in good agreement and are likely due to the use of slightly different decay data, variations in the number of organs considered for calculating CEDE, and rounding errors. DCF/DRCF values that differed by greater than a factor of 10 were considered to be significant. These differences are attributed primarily to the use of different radionuclide decay data, selection and nomenclature for different isomeric states, treatment of progeny radionuclides, differences in calculational methodology, and assumptions on a radionuclide`s chemical form.

  12. Improvement of ASME NH for Grade 91

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bernard Riou

    2007-10-09

    This report has been prepared in the context of Task 3 of the ASME/DOE Gen IV material project. It has been identified that creep-fatigue evaluation procedures presently available in ASME (1) and RCC-MR (2) have been mainly developed for austenitic stainless steels and may not be suitable for cyclic softening materials such as mod 9 Cr 1 Mo steel (grade 91). The aim of this document is, starting from experimental test results, to perform a review of the procedures and, if necessary, provide recommendations for their improvements.

  13. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    9 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 View History Pipeline Volumes 0 0 336 199 95 373 2007-2014 Pipeline Prices -- -- 7.54 2.62 6.65 4.06 2007-2014...

  14. NH Timber Yield Tax Overview (RSA 79)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    land. The bond is usually equal to the amount of expected yield tax. When can you appeal: If a taxpayer denies the appeal then the taxpayer may appeal to the Department of Revenue within 180 days of the tax

  15. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan FebCubic Feet)PricePricethethePrice4) Part26,767 18,297 19,826

  16. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan FebCubic Feet)PricePricethethePrice4) Part26,767 18,297

  17. Triptolide, a diterpenoid triepoxide, induces antitumor proliferation via activation of c-Jun NH{sub 2}-terminal kinase 1 by decreasing phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase activity in human tumor cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miyata, Yoshiki [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science, School of Pharmacy, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0392 (Japan); Sato, Takashi [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science, School of Pharmacy, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0392 (Japan)]. E-mail: satotak@ps.toyaku.ac.jp; Ito, Akira [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science, School of Pharmacy, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0392 (Japan)

    2005-11-04

    Triptolide, a diterpenoid triepoxide extracted from the Chinese herb Tripterygium wilfordii Hook f., exerts antitumorigenic actions against several tumor cells, but the intracellular target signal molecule(s) for this antitumorigenesis activity of triptolide remains to be identified. In the present study, we demonstrated that triptolide, in a dose-dependent manner, inhibited the proliferation of human fibrosarcoma HT-1080, human squamous carcinoma SAS, and human uterine cervical carcinoma SKG-II cells. In addition, triptolide was found to decrease phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) activity. A PI3K inhibitor, LY-294002, mimicked the triptolide-induced antiproliferative activity in HT-1080, SAS, and SKG-II cells. There was no change in the activity of Akt or protein kinase C (PKC), both of which are downstream effectors in the PI3K pathway. Furthermore, the phosphorylation of Ras, Raf, and mitogen-activated protein/extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 was not modified in HT-1080 cells treated with triptolide. However, the phosphorylation of c-Jun NH{sub 2}-terminal kinase 1 (JNK1) was found to increase in both triptolide- and LY-294002-treated cells. Furthermore, the triptolide-induced inhibition of HT-1080 cell proliferation was not observed by JNK1 siRNA-treatment. These results provide novel evidence that PI3K is a crucial target molecule in the antitumorigenic action of triptolide. They further suggest a possible triptolide-induced inhibitory signal for tumor cell proliferation that is initiated by the decrease in PI3K activity, which in turn leads to the augmentation of JNK1 phosphorylation via the Akt and/or PKC-independent pathway(s). Moreover, it is likely that the activation of JNK1 is required for the triptolide-induced inhibition of tumor proliferation.

  18. Thng 9, 2011 Xu t b n b i O ce of International A airs M i thng tin trong t ri ny u c trn m ng. c thng tin chi ti t v c p nh t, xin vui lng

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yih-Min

    ng. có thông tin chi ti t và c p nh t, xin vui lòng tra c u t i website c a chúng tôi : http Loan Chng trình ào t o c p b ng cho sinh viên qu c t Liên h v i chúng tôi International Student Taiwan University ( i h c qu c gia ài Loan) Room 419, 4F, 2nd Administration Building (Phòng 419, T ng 4

  19. The expansion of the kingdom of Strathclyde

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edmonds, F. L.

    2015-01-22

    of Cumberland.3 3 3 Datacentre supplied service.> This view of Strathclyde’s development has attained something of a consensus, but some of the props...

  20. The Origin of the Tibetan Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Hugh

    1989-01-01

    ­ gzigs did not survive whatever incident may have occur­ red. An obscure tail-piece in the Chronicle story after refe­ rring to the death of Stag-bu-snya-gzigs seems to suggest t~~t the conspiracy was somehow disclosed by one Spug (,Ylm-tang rmang... against Zing-po-rje. here described as Dgu-gri a title probably annexed from Dgu-gri Zing-po­ rje of Ngas-po whom he had conquered. is recorded very briefly. Its climax was the capture of the castle of Yu­ sna by damming a river in Klum so...

  1. Good Energies (United Kingdom) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View New Pages RecentPlantMagma Energy GroupDOESwitzerland) Jump

  2. Kingdom Community Wind | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:onItronKanoshKetchikan PublicMountain Jump to:

  3. Bulk gold catalyzed oxidation reactions of amines and isocyanides and iron porphyrin catalyzed N-H and O-H bond insertion/cyclization reactions of diamines and aminoalcohols

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klobukowski, Erik

    2011-12-29

    This work involves two projects. The first project entails the study of bulk gold as a catalyst in oxidation reactions of isocyanides and amines. The main goal of this project was to study the activation and reactions of molecules at metal surfaces in order to assess how organometallic principles for homogeneous processes apply to heterogeneous catalysis. Since previous work had used oxygen as an oxidant in bulk gold catalyzed reactions, the generality of gold catalysis with other oxidants was examined. Amine N-oxides were chosen for study, due to their properties and use in the oxidation of carbonyl ligands in organometallic complexes. When amine N-oxides were used as an oxidant in the reaction of isocyanides with amines, the system was able to produce ureas from a variety of isocyanides, amines, and amine N-oxides. In addition, the rate was found to generally increase as the amine N-oxide concentration increased, and decrease with increased concentrations of the amine. Mechanistic studies revealed that the reaction likely involves transfer of an oxygen atom from the amine N-oxide to the adsorbed isocyanide to generate an isocyanate intermediate. Subsequent nucleophilic attack by the amine yields the urea. This is in contrast to the bulk gold-catalyzed reaction mechanism of isocyanides with amines and oxygen. Formation of urea in this case was proposed to proceed through a diaminocarbene intermediate. Moreover, formation of the proposed isocyanate intermediate is consistent with the reactions of metal carbonyl ligands, which are isoelectronic to isocyanides. Nucleophilic attack at coordinated CO by amine N-oxides produces CO{sub 2} and is analogous to the production of an isocyanate in this gold system. When the bulk gold-catalyzed oxidative dehydrogenation of amines was examined with amine N-oxides, the same products were afforded as when O{sub 2} was used as the oxidant. When the two types of oxidants were directly compared using the same reaction system and conditions, it was found that the oxidative dehydrogenation of dibenzylamine to Nbenzylidenebenzylamine, with N-methylmorpholine N-oxide (NMMO), was nearly quantitative (96%) within 24 h. However, the reaction with oxygen was much slower, with only a 52% yield of imine product over the same time period. Moreover, the rate of reaction was found to be influenced by the nature of the amine N-oxide. For example, the use of the weakly basic pyridine N-oxide (PyNO) led to an imine yield of only 6% after 24 h. A comparison of amine N-oxide and O2 was also examined in the oxidation of PhCH{sub 2}OH to PhCHO catalyzed by bulk gold. In this reaction, a 52% yield of the aldehyde was achieved when NMMO was used, while only a 7% product yield was afforded when O{sub 2} was the oxidant after 48 h. The bulk gold-catalyzed oxidative dehydrogenation of cyclic amines generates amidines, which upon treatment with Aerosil and water were found to undergo hydrolysis to produce lactams. Moreover, 5-, 6-, and 7-membered lactams could be prepared through a one-pot reaction of cyclic amines by treatment with oxygen, water, bulk gold, and Aerosil. This method is much more atom economical than industrial processes, does not require corrosive acids, and does not generate undesired byproducts. Additionally, the gold and Aerosil catalysts can be readily separated from the reaction mixture. The second project involved studying iron(III) tetraphenylporphyrin chloride, Fe(TPP)Cl, as a homogeneous catalyst for the generation of carbenes from diazo reagents and their reaction with heteroatom compounds. Fe(TPP)Cl, efficiently catalyzed the insertion of carbenes derived from methyl 2-phenyldiazoacetates into O-H bonds of aliphatic and aromatic alcohols. Fe(TPP)Cl was also found to be an effective catalyst for tandem N-H and O-H insertion/cyclization reactions when 1,2-diamines and 1,2-alcoholamines were treated with diazo reagents. This approach provides a one-pot process for synthesizing piperazinones and morpholinones and related analogues such as quinoxalinones and benzoxazin-2-ones.

  4. Constitutional legislation, European Union Law and the nature of the United Kingdom’s contemporary constitution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, Mark

    2015-01-26

    .  If  built,  it  will  be—as  Baroness  Hale  DPSC5  put  it   in   her   judgment   in  HS2—‘the   largest   infrastructure   project   carried  out   in   this   country   since   the  development...   the   Directive  confers  an  exemption   in   relation   to   ‘projects   the  details  of  which  are  adopted  by  a   specific   act  of  national  legislation’,  the  Court  of  Justice  has  ruled  that...

  5. Synthesis and crystal structure of a new open-framework iron phosphate (NH{sub 4}){sub 4}Fe{sub 3}(OH){sub 2}F{sub 2}[H{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 4}]: Novel linear trimer of corner-sharing Fe(III) octahedra

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mi, Jin-Xiao; Wang, Cheng-Xin; Chen, Ning; Li, Rong; Pan, Yuanming

    2010-12-15

    A new iron phosphate (NH{sub 4}){sub 4}Fe{sub 3}(OH){sub 2}F{sub 2}[H{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 4}] has been synthesized hydrothermally at HF concentrations from 0.5 to 1.2 mL. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis reveals its three-dimensional open-framework structure (monoclinic, space group P2{sub 1}/n (No. 14), a=6.2614(13) A, b=9.844(2) A, c=14.271(3) A, {beta}=92.11(1){sup o}, V=879.0(3) A{sup 3}). This structure is built from isolated linear trimers of corner-sharing Fe(III) octahedra, which are linked by (PO{sub 4}) groups to form ten-membered-ring channels along [1 0 0]. This isolated, linear trimer of corner-sharing Fe(III) octahedra, [(FeO{sub 4}){sub 3}(OH){sub 2}F{sub 2}], is new and adds to the diverse linkages of Fe polyhedra as secondary building units in iron phosphates. The trivalent iron at octahedral sites for the title compound has been confirmed by synchrotron Fe K-edge XANES spectra and magnetic measurements. Magnetic measurements also show that this compound exhibit a strong antiferromagnetic exchange below T{sub N}=17 K, consistent with superexchange interactions expected for the linear trimer of ferric octahedra with the Fe-F-Fe angle of 132.5{sup o}. -- Graphical abstract: The three-dimensional open-framework structure of (NH{sub 4}){sub 4}Fe{sub 3}(OH){sub 2}F{sub 2}[H{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 4}] is built from a novel isolated, linear (FeO{sub 4}){sub 3}(OH){sub 2}F{sub 2} trimer of corner-sharing Fe(III) octahedra linked by PO{sub 4} tetrahedra. Display Omitted

  6. ARSENIC IN PRIVATE WELLS IN NH YEAR 1 FINAL REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bucci, David J.

    performed geospatial analysis of the well water arsenic estimates and survey results and produced the maps............................................................................................... 8 Well water treatment .................................................................................................. 7 Well water quality

  7. Introduction to the NH 4-H Dairy Goat Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    and dam of the same breed that conforms to breed standards and also has the correct number of consecutive Animal Identification: Permanent ID ­ The animal must have an ear tag, ear tattoo, tail tattoo of their tail. Scrapie Tag: All goats of any age or sex brought to a show or exhibition from either out of state

  8. Hc ph $13,160 Nh $8,920

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gering, Jon C.

    Hc phí $13,160 Nhà $8,920 Các khon chi khác $3,532 Tng cng $25,612 XP HNG QUC GIA, CHI PHÍ HP LÝ nhc Chp nhn ng viên sau khi hoàn thành khoá hc Tng cng Anh ng Hc Bng · Tt c ng viên u c cân nhc cho hc hc da trên thành tích hc tp Chi Phí Chi phí c tính cho nm hc 2014-2015 Khoá Tng Cng Anh Ng / ESL

  9. Department of Physics 9 Library Way Durham, NH 03824

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in support of a multidisciplinary center for flexible electronics. Areas of particular interest include research effort in flexible electronics. Please submit your application as a single PDF document quantum phenomena in low-dimensional electronic materials and devices. UNH is committed to creating

  10. 4th Annual NH 4-H State Shooting Sports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    or just enjoy Archery, Pistol, Rifle, Shotgun and a special Knowledge Quiz Bowl competition Cost: $5 for others. Pistol - .22 Cal. Pistol - open sights. 10 shots standing at 25 feet. 100 possible points

  11. nh@power.ece.ntua.gr ... , 7 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Psarrakos, Panayiotis

    W irrigation pumps in each house 2011 Next generation Sunny Island inverters, to deal with islanded mode

  12. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- R Brew Co - NH 01

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth Dakota Edgemont,Manufacturing0-19Rulison - COQueen City

  13. Public Service Co of NH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource HistoryPotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGeneration Jump to:SpatialResolutionWidthPrue,PSNH) Jump to: navigation,

  14. Public Service Co of NH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLCALLETE Inc dEAPrysmian Jump

  15. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearby the Price (Percent) Year Jan Feb

  16. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearby the Price (Percent) Year Jan FebThousand Cubic

  17. United Kingdom Low Carbon Transition Plan | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al.,Turin, New York: EnergyU.S.UnifinPark,Unitech PrintedCooperativeLow

  18. Tonbridge, United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013)Open EnergyTinoxOpenStatutes JumpTombstone,Tonawanda, New

  19. Kingdom of the Netherlands Ministry of Economic Affairs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the information needs 3. Translation of these needs into functional and system requirements 4. Identification in cooperation with: · Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, Italy · National. Design of the user needs assessment study 3. Forest functions, management principles and information

  20. Geobacter: The Junk Food Connoisseurs of the Bacterial Kingdom

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    With a healthy appetitie for uranium and petroleum, this family of bacteria clean up nuclear waste and other toxic materials. A team of researchers has discovered exactly how they use their arms to do this.

  1. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE IN THE KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Zaid, Ahmad Abdulaziz

    2012-12-31

    Granted in Exchange for Patent or Franchise Rights, So-Called “Founders’ Shares” .................................................... 88 a. Definition and Requirements ...................................................... 88 b. Founders.../12/2006) based on the Capital Market Law issued by Royal Decree No. M/30 dated 6/2/1424AH Amended by Resolution of the Board of the Capital Market Authority Number 1-1-2009 Dated 1/8/1430H Corresponding to 1/5/2009G. 5 will then address an important step...

  2. Inter-Kingdom Signaling Interactions in Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli Infections 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bansal, Tarun

    2011-10-21

    secretion system (T3SS), which releases several toxins into the host cells (8). First, an adhesin called intimin is secreted along with its receptor Tir, and later EHEC secreted proteins (Esp), like EspA and EspB, are injected into the host cell, which... operons (LEE1 through 13 LEE5), and three major regions. The middle region of LEE contains eae and tir, and T3SS encoding-genes are present upstream. The region downstream of eae consists of T3SS-secreted proteins like EspA, EspB, EspD and Esp...

  3. The united kingdom's changing requirements for spent fuel storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hodgson, Z.; Hambley, D.I.; Gregg, R.; Ross, D.N.

    2013-07-01

    The UK is adopting an open fuel cycle, and is necessarily moving to a regime of long term storage of spent fuel, followed by geological disposal once a geological disposal facility (GDF) is available. The earliest GDF receipt date for legacy spent fuel is assumed to be 2075. The UK is set to embark on a programme of new nuclear build to maintain a nuclear energy contribution of 16 GW. Additionally, the UK are considering a significant expansion of nuclear energy in order to meet carbon reduction targets and it is plausible to foresee a scenario where up to 75 GW from nuclear power production could be deployed in the UK by the mid 21. century. Such an expansion, could lead to spent fuel storage and its disposal being a dominant issue for the UK Government, the utilities and the public. If the UK were to transition a closed fuel cycle, then spent fuel storage should become less onerous depending on the timescales. The UK has demonstrated a preference for wet storage of spent fuel on an interim basis. The UK has adopted an approach of centralised storage, but a 16 GW new build programme and any significant expansion of this may push the UK towards distributed spent fuel storage at a number of reactors station sites across the UK.

  4. Democracy from Above: Regime Transition in the Kingdom of Bhutan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinpeng, Aim

    2007-01-01

    points out, “…no stable interwar regime was formed that lacked mass support, each regime was based on a distinctive social or class alliance, and each regime had clear material winners and losers” (Luebbert, 1991, p. 306). Furthermore, the dependency... regimes, when the government’s revenue comes from sales of natural resources, such as oil and gas, it severely decreases the level of government’s accountability to its own people. However, in the case of Bhutan, the situation is quite the contrary...

  5. KINGDOM OF THE NETHERLANDS MINISTRY OF ECONOMIC AFFAIRS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Assistance ­ Neda), and the Ministry of Agriculture, Nature Management and Fisheries. The study has been

  6. Kingdom of the Netherlands Ministry of Economic Affairs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .e. the Ministry for Economic Affairs, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Netherlands Development Assistance ­ Neda

  7. Hertfordshire, United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy Resources Jump to:Hershey, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources Jump

  8. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (United Kingdom)

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, AlabamaETEC GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: ETEC GmbHUnitedOpen| Open Energy

  9. Fenix (Smart Grid Project) (United Kingdom) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, AlabamaETEC GmbHFarinello Geothermal PowerGuidelines | OpenFedi ImpiantiFeesFellsmere,

  10. London, United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma, Arizona:Oregon: EnergyLloyd, New York:Lodi,NorthLomita,

  11. Oxford, United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio Program | OpenWisconsin:NewOver CoreOxford SolarOhio: EnergyUnited

  12. Dursley, United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:of the National ClimateDongyingOpenDukeLLC JumpDursley,

  13. Nuclear Decommissioning Authority of the United Kingdom NDA | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg, Oregon: EnergyNongqishiCleanAlincaUK Ltd JumpNstarNuOil

  14. United Kingdom Department for International Development | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company) JumpGTZ Climate OrientedUnionUnited

  15. Brighton, United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin:PontiacInformation Forest ServiceBridgewater2 JumpJump to:

  16. Brighton, United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin:PontiacInformation Forest ServiceBridgewater2 JumpJump

  17. Diamines (NH2(CH2)nNH2; n = 4, 6, 12) have been employed as a prelayer for immobilizing C60 onto ITO elec-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwak, Juhyoun

    of the formation of C60 SAMs using diamine linkages. ITO glass was cleaned with acetone and dried by blowing N2

  18. The Provincial Cemeteries of Naga ed-Deir: A Comprehensive Study of Tomb Models Dating from the Late Old Kingdom to the Late Middle Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kroenke, Karin Roberta

    2010-01-01

    04.1782, from tomb 14 of Wp-wAwt-m-Hat at Asyut (Chassinatfrom the tomb (14) of Wp-wAwt-m-Hat at Asyut (Chassinat andmodel from tomb 14 of Wp-wAwt-m-Hat at Asyut (Chassinat and

  19. The Provincial Cemeteries of Naga ed-Deir: A Comprehensive Study of Tomb Models Dating from the Late Old Kingdom to the Late Middle Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kroenke, Karin Roberta

    2010-01-01

    13.3809 Organic Material Not Located Wooden paint tray withpaint. The other pigments may have contained an organic

  20. The Provincial Cemeteries of Naga ed-Deir: A Comprehensive Study of Tomb Models Dating from the Late Old Kingdom to the Late Middle Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kroenke, Karin Roberta

    2010-01-01

    design, mast types, stern structure and bow and steering geardesign, types of masts, stern structure and bow and steering gear

  1. The Provincial Cemeteries of Naga ed-Deir: A Comprehensive Study of Tomb Models Dating from the Late Old Kingdom to the Late Middle Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kroenke, Karin Roberta

    2010-01-01

    138). Manchester 4738 and 4734 (Petrie 1907: 12; MurrayRifeh (Manchester 4738 and 4734) that provide the servants?For comparison, see Manchester 4734, from the mid-late 12 th

  2. The Provincial Cemeteries of Naga ed-Deir: A Comprehensive Study of Tomb Models Dating from the Late Old Kingdom to the Late Middle Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kroenke, Karin Roberta

    2010-01-01

    SCENES MODEL TYPE T K T K T K T K T K Bakery Brewery Butchershop Bakery-brewery scene Bakery-butcher scene Brewery-butcher scene Bakery-brewery-butcher

  3. The Provincial Cemeteries of Naga ed-Deir: A Comprehensive Study of Tomb Models Dating from the Late Old Kingdom to the Late Middle Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kroenke, Karin Roberta

    2010-01-01

    S. Hassan 1950: 181, and Pl. 80A-C). E.g. , OIM 10624, partHassan 1950: 181, and Pl. 80A-C; Umesao 2001: 58, Cat. 24);

  4. The Provincial Cemeteries of Naga ed-Deir: A Comprehensive Study of Tomb Models Dating from the Late Old Kingdom to the Late Middle Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kroenke, Karin Roberta

    2010-01-01

    scene Storehouse (includes brewing, butchering, cooking)No. 4: 9-11. ———. 2000. ?Brewing and Baking. ? In Ancientbutchering, cooking and brewing activities. For further

  5. 4 Liberty Lane West, Hampton, NH 03842 (917) 445-1143 davidqiu0115@gmail.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (WTE) Versus Coal Electricity in Their Environmental Impacts Conducted waste management research and coal electricity industry in Shanghai Energy & Environmental Dept, BAOSTEEL GROUP CO. Summer Intern, USA; 2. Ling Qiu, Part I: Analysis of the Economics of Waste-toEnergy Plants; Part II: MSW Sorting

  6. NH3-Selective Catalytic Reduction over Ag/Al2O3 Catalysts | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Catalytic Reduction over AgAl2O3 Catalysts DRIFT spectroscopy used together with flow reactor experiments to investigate the role of H2 for SCR over AgAl2O3 deer12tamm.pdf...

  7. Experimental and Modelling Study of the Effect of Diffusional Limitations on the NH3 SCR Activity

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Simulations different feed conditions and temperature variations were compared to experimental data collected in validation runs at the monolith scale; made direct comparison of experimental data on the same catalyst in the two configurations (powder vs. monolith)

  8. Extreme Back Angle Nh-2 Elastic-Scattering at 794 Mev 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonner, BE; Simmons, J. E.; Evans, M. L.; Glass, G.; Hiebert, John C.; Jain, M.; Northcliffe, L. C.; Bjork, C. W.; Riley, P. J.; Cassapakis, C. G.

    1978-01-01

    results in a +8% scale error in the cross sections reported here. Corrections to the data consisted of the follom- lng: (1) Deuteron loss from nuclear interactions in the material traversed in the spectrometer. This was calculated 'according to tmo... for the observed peak in elastic pD scattering. ' Several calculations have ernbel- lished the original idea by the inclusion' of many possible N*'s, but it appears that N* probabilities are small. Another approach' has utilized the Yao technique to relate...

  9. Continued investigations of the catalytic reduction of N? to NH? by molybdenum triamidoamine complexes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanna, Brian S. (Brian Stewart)

    2011-01-01

    A study of the effects of employing different solvents and the introduction of dihydrogen during the catalytic reduction of dinitrogen to ammonia with [HIPTN 3N]Mo complexes was completed. During a catalytic reaction, the ...

  10. S t r e e t Old Concord Rd-NH155A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F O N D A G G1 M S P R H Town Lot Town Lot Reserved and Metered West Edge Lot Mast Road Lot 2, and Mast Road Lots. PARKING MAP AS AMENDED, JULY 2015PARKING MAP AS AMENDED, JULY 2015 PERMIT PARKING. Valid Service, Vendor, Trustee, Emeritus, and Volunteer permits are also good in these lots. B Lot K15

  11. S t r e e t Old Concord Rd-NH155A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    A G G1 G M S Municipal Public Parking Municipal Reserved Parking P R Mast Road Lot 1 West Edge Lot Mast Road Lot 2 Woodside Lot F.H.EAST F.H.WEST SPINNEY LANE LOT (spec. assigned only) Gables Lot in all lots except A, West Edge, and Mast Road Lots. PARKING MAP AS AMENDED, JULY 2014PARKING MAP

  12. Evaluation of NH3-SCR Catalyst Technology on a 250-kW Stationary...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    More Documents & Publications Engine and Reactor Evaluations of HC-SCR for Diesel NOx Reduction Two Catalyst Formulations - One Solution for NOx After-treatment Systems...

  13. Vor ref.: NH/BLU/CBEI Notat nr.: 02-0346d

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : The report describes methods for reducing deposition of chlorides on boiler tubes in relation to biomass fractions - optimization of boiler air and fuel supply - additive dosing. Among those possibilities it has

  14. Year Month U.S. Average PAD District I Average CT ME MA NH RI

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    1996 January ... 94.6 96.1 94.5 93.0 92.0 89.1 94.9 92.6 94.7 111.7 February ... 95.9 97.5 96.2 93.2 93.8 90.8 95.6 93.7 94.4 112.9...

  15. Year Month U.S. Average PAD District I Average CT ME MA NH RI

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    1997 January ... 107.9 109.0 108.6 105.2 106.5 102.1 107.0 104.4 106.5 130.4 February ... 105.1 106.0 105.2 102.2 103.4 101.0 104.5...

  16. Progress on Acidic Zirconia Mixed Oxides for Efficient NH3-SCR Catalysis

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Details progress on non-zeolitic zirconia-based mixed oxides as promising new SCR catalyst materials and results of engine bench testing of full-size SCR prototype confirms Details progress on non-zeolitic zirconia-based mixed oxides as promising new SCR catalyst materials and results of engine bench testing of full-size SCR prototype confirms potential for formulation of Euro 6 SCR catalysts

  17. nh phm vi, Cc Web: http://www.gulfspillrestoration.noaa.gov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ://www.gulfspillrestoration.noaa.gov · earlyrestorationcomments@fws.gov · U F W f ngv tHoangdãHoaK),P.O.Box2099,Fairhope,AL 36533 t hi Tài nguyên Thiên nhiên

  18. CHARACTERIZATION STUDIES OF THE SELECTIVE REDUCTION OF NO by NH3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, N.J.

    2013-01-01

    post combustion gases of propane/air in a laboratory scalepost combustion gases of propane/air in a laboratory scaleThe combustion products of propane and air are diluted by

  19. CHARACTERIZATION STUDIES OF THE SELECTIVE REDUCTION OF NO by NH3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, N.J.

    2013-01-01

    of NO, The combustion products of propane and air areinjection. The combustion products of propane and air arein the post combustion gases of propane/air in a laboratory

  20. Selective Catalytic Oxidation (SCO) of NH3 to N2 for Hot Exhaust Treatment

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Investigation of a series of transition metal oxides and precious metal based catalysts for ammonia selective oxidation at low temperatures

  1. ELECTRICAL RESISTIVITY AS A TOOL FOR IDENTIFYING GEOLOGIC HETEROGENEITIES WHICH CONTROL SEEPAGE AT MIRROR LAKE, NH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toran, Laura

    ), and methods that calculate seepage based upon proxies such as measured hydraulic and temperature gradients University, Philadelphia, PA Laura Toran, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA Donald O. Rosenberry, United. In-situ measurements of seepage coincident with resistivity surveys suggested a relationship between

  2. Update and Improve Subsection NH - Simplified Elastic and Inelastic Design Analysis Methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jeries J. Abou-Hanna; Douglas L. Marriott; Timothy E. McGreevy

    2009-06-27

    The objective of this subtask is to develop a template for the 'Ideal' high temperature design Code, in which individual topics can be identified and worked on separately in order to provide the detail necessary to comprise a comprehensive Code. Like all ideals, this one may not be attainable as a practical matter. The purpose is to set a goal for what is believed the 'Ideal' design Code should address, recognizing that some elements are not mutually exclusive and that the same objectives can be achieved in different way. Most, if not all existing Codes may therefore be found to be lacking in some respects, but this does not mean necessarily that they are not comprehensive. While this subtask does attempt to list the elements which individually or in combination are considered essential in such a Code, the authors do not presume to recommend how these elements should be implemented or even, that they should all be implemented at all. The scope of this subtask is limited to compiling the list of elements thought to be necessary or at minimum, useful in such an 'Ideal' Code; suggestions are provided as to their relationship to one another. Except for brief descriptions, where these are needed for clarification, neither this repot, nor Task 9 as a whole, attempts to address details of the contents of all these elements. Some, namely primary load limits (elastic, limit load, reference stress), and ratcheting (elastic, e-p, reference stress) are dealt with specifically in other subtasks of Task 9. All others are merely listed; the expectation is that they will either be the focus of attention of other active DOE-ASME GenIV Materials Tasks, e.g. creep-fatigue, or to be considered in future DOE-ASME GenIV Materials Tasks. Since the focus of this Task is specifically approximate methods, the authors have deemed it necessary to include some discussion on what is meant by 'approximate'. However, the topic will be addressed in one or more later subtasks. This report describes work conducted toward developing a template for what might be the 'Ideal' high temperature design Code. While attempting to be as comprehensive as possible as to subject matter, it does not presume to recommend what individual components of a Code should be implemented, some of which is the focus of other Tasks in the DOE-ASME Gen IV/NGNP Materials Projects. This report does serve as a basis for construction of an attribute chart which is being prepared as part of Task 9.2; the intention for which is to provide a uniform format and concise means for summarizing and comparing other high temperature Codes currently in use around the world.

  3. Quasi-Elastic Charge-Exchange in Nh-2-]Pnn at 794 Mev 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonner, BE; Simmons, J. E.; Wallace, J. M.; Evans, M. L.; Glass, G.; Hiebert, John C.; Jain, M.; Northcliffe, L. C.; Bjork, C. W.; Riley, P. J.; Cassapakis, C. G.

    1978-01-01

    UOLUME 17, NUMBER 2 FEBRUARY 1978 Quasielastic charge exchange in n28 -+ pnn at 794 Mev~ 9. E. Bonner, J. E. Simmons, and J. M. Wallace Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, University of California, Los A/amos, Ne~ Mexico 87545 M. I . Evans, f G. Glass... CEX. Quoted errors are de- rived from statistical errors only. Parameter d'0/fit= & e~& + &2e~2 Quas ielastic Elastic Present expt. Saclay (814 MeV) Elastic Los Alamos (800 MeV) (7 ( f3( A2 Pp do./rA (t=0) (=A)+ Ap) 12.87 + 0.22 123,4 +5...

  4. N_H - N_HI correlation in Gigahertz-peaked-spectrum galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ostorero, L; Diaferio, A; Siemiginowska, A; Stawarz, ?; Moderski, R; Labiano, A

    2015-01-01

    With the Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope, we performed HI observations of a sample of known X-ray emitting Gigahertz-peaked-spectrum galaxies with compact-symmetric-object morphology (GPS/CSOs) that lacked an HI absorption detection. We combined radio and X-ray data of the full sample of X-ray emitting GPS/CSOs and found a significant, positive correlation between the column densities of the total and neutral hydrogen ($N_{\\rm H}$ and $N_{\\rm HI}$, respectively). Using a Bayesian approach, we simultaneously quantified the parameters of the $N_{\\rm H} - N_{\\rm HI}$ relation and the intrinsic spread of the data set. For a specific subset of our sample, we found $N_{\\rm H} \\propto N_{\\rm HI}^b$, with $b=0.93^{+0.49}_{-0.33}$, and $\\sigma_{int} (N_{\\rm H})= 1.27^{+1.30}_{-0.40}$. The $N_{\\rm H} - N_{\\rm HI}$ correlation suggests a connection between the physical properties of the radio and X-ray absorbing gas.

  5. nh Gi Thit Hi Ti Nguyn Thin Nhin Trong S C Trn Du Deepwater Horizon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    trí c xut này nhm mc ích nâng cao và/hoc tng cng vic s dng và/hoc tn hng nhng tài nguyên thiên nhiên ó ca công chúng. D Án Phát Trin Các C Hi Gii Trí Tng Cng trên Phn Mi Escribano Point ca Khu Vc Qun, loi b mnh vn sau cn bão và sa cha ng sá, bung in thoi công cng ti li ra, phng tin thông tin, c s trình

  6. White Cedar Farm is a 202-acre property in Kingston, NH. 16 acres are currently in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    , and is home to over two hundred laying hens. They also have sheep and goats, which they plan to use for meat in the greenhouse without paying costly prices for heating. They use the greenhouse throughout the year, producing, and one more source of income. Basic infrastructure also helps, especially in times of severe weather

  7. Infrared spectroscopic signatures of (NH4)2SO4 aerosols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weis, David D.; Ewing, George E.

    1996-08-20

    - ____ _ IRDetector xperiment p oduced a rosols at 304-5% RH as measured spectroscopically. Finally, i sedimentation experim nts, I /  aerosols were trapped in the flow-through cell just as they were queous Solution WroCloth Desiccant in the desiccating cell... to the cell wall was packed with silica gel. In this  x3.6 rs(SO cell he inle and outlet ports are nearly parallel with the cell axis. 0.40 Infrared extinction spectra were obtained by directing collimated radiation from a Fourier transform infrared (FT...

  8. An NH Moiety Is Not Required for Anion Binding to Amides in Aqueous Solution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    temperature (LCST) of PDEA was measured as a function of the concentration for 11 sodium salts in aqueous-in effect to occur. INTRODUCTION The physical behavior of numerous surfactants, polymers, and biomolecules the LCST of the polymer with increasing the salt concentration. Weakly hydrated anions (SCN- , ClO4 - , I

  9. Photodetachment spectroscopy of the C2nH ,,n24... anions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maier, John Paul

    ­12 These discoveries opened the route for the detection of larger hydrocarbons, e.g., the homologous series detection has been reported, models of the interstellar chem- istry predict also high abundances for Cn , Cn or helium coupled to an electric discharge. Part of the plasma entered through a skimmer into a linear time

  10. CHARACTERIZATION STUDIES OF THE SELECTIVE REDUCTION OF NO by NH3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, N.J.

    2013-01-01

    desirability of monitoring temperature, nitric oxide level,desirability of monitoring temperature, nitric oxide level,rotameter and by monitoring the gas temperature and pressure

  11. Progress on Acidic Zirconia Mixed Oxides for Efficient NH3-SCR...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    zirconia-based mixed oxides as promising new SCR catalyst materials and results of engine bench testing of full-size SCR prototype confirms potential for formulation of Euro...

  12. Year Month U.S. Average PAD District I Average CT ME MA NH RI

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames City of",6,1,"Omaha Public PowerOECD/IEA - 2008 © OECD/IEA - 2008 © OECD/IEA - 2008 1993 January ........................... 94.3

  13. Year Month U.S. Average PAD District I Average CT ME MA NH RI

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames City of",6,1,"Omaha Public PowerOECD/IEA - 2008 © OECD/IEA - 2008 © OECD/IEA - 2008 1993 January ........................... 94.3

  14. Year Month U.S. Average PAD District I Average CT ME MA NH RI

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames City of",6,1,"Omaha Public PowerOECD/IEA - 2008 © OECD/IEA - 2008 © OECD/IEA - 2008 1993 January ........................... 94.3

  15. Year Month U.S. Average PAD District I Average CT ME MA NH RI

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames City of",6,1,"Omaha Public PowerOECD/IEA - 2008 © OECD/IEA - 2008 © OECD/IEA - 2008 1993 January ........................... 94.3

  16. Year Month U.S. Average PAD District I Average CT ME MA NH RI

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames City of",6,1,"Omaha Public PowerOECD/IEA - 2008 © OECD/IEA - 2008 © OECD/IEA - 2008 1993 January ........................... 94.3

  17. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan FebCubic Feet)PricePricethethePrice4) Part26,767Year Jan Feb

  18. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan FebCubic Feet)PricePricethethePrice4) Part26,767YearYear Jan

  19. EA-1801: Granite Reliable Power Wind Park Project in Coos County, NH |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based| Department8,DepartmentFinalinDepartment of Energy 6:Department

  20. EECBG Success Story: Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based|Department of EnergyDepartment of Energy FindingTraffic Tunnelof

  1. Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12,Executive CompensationEnergyGet Current:5Logging SystemsCleanupGrantGrants

  2. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearby the Price (Percent) Year Jan Feb Mar4) PartCubic

  3. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearby the Price (Percent) Year Jan Feb Mar4)

  4. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearby the Price (Percent) Year Jan Feb Mar4)Decade

  5. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearby the Price (Percent) Year Jan Feb Mar4)DecadeYear

  6. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearby the Price (Percent) Year Jan FebThousand

  7. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearby the Price (Percent) Year Jan FebThousandYear Jan

  8. An archaeological study of baking and bread in New Kingdom Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samuel, Delwen

    1994-05-24

    This research applies a multi-disciplinary approach based on the archaeological record, to bread, a staple item of diet in ancient Egypt. Desiccated ancient loaves and artefacts connected with post-storage crop processing at settlement sites...

  9. A review of "Pueblos, Spaniards, and the Kingdom of New Mexico" by John L. Kessell 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcí a, Patricia Marie

    2012-01-01

    , including government, military, and church o cials. Kessell?s decision to relate this history through a narrative mode helps elucidate the everyday lives and con?icts among these groups of people. Describ- ing these communities as having coexisted... to meet this challenge, unfortunately, are not consistent in the text itself. ?e introduction, ?Con?ict and Coexistence,? establishes the tone that Kessell strives for in the book. ?e Spaniards arrived in the Pueblo world, soon to be renamed New Mexico...

  10. "This Modern Day Slavery": Sex Trafficking and Moral Panic in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Angela

    2011-01-01

    such as fines and criminal records; the inability to workindustry. For women with criminal records for soliciting orbut now that I have a criminal record for soliciting, it is

  11. Coethnic Communities and Educational Attainment in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Rennie

    2015-01-01

    Scholarship in Multicultural Education. Gibson, M. A. 1988.Orleans. ” Sociology of Education 68(1):1–17. Bauer, T. K. ,Age at Immigration and the Education Outcomes of Children.

  12. The Greening of the Middle Kingdom: The Story of Energy Efficiency in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2010-01-01

    enterprises in China. Energy Policy (special issue). Inand challenges. Energy Policy 26(11): 813–829. USGS (U.S.China. Submitted to Energy Policy. Figure Captions Hydro &

  13. European Conference on Composite Materials, Brighton, United Kingdom, 4-7 June 2000.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nairn, John A.

    such as aircraft and automotive industry due to their high strength-to-stiffness ratio and high corrosion

  14. Coethnic Communities and Educational Attainment in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Rennie

    2015-01-01

    States." Quality and Inequality of Education:163-204.Generation Attainment and Inequality: Primary and SecondaryGeneration Attainment and Inequality. ” Pp. 120–59 in The

  15. Diagnostic experiments at a 3 MeV test stand at Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (United Kingdom)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gabor, C.; Faircloth, D. C.; Lawrie, S. R.; Letchford, A. P.; Lee, D. A.; Pozimski, J. K.

    2010-02-15

    A front end is currently under construction consisting of a H{sup -} Penning ion source (65 keV, 60 mA), low energy beam transport (LEBT), and radio frequency quadrupole (3 MeV output energy) with a medium energy beam transport suitable for high power proton applications. Diagnostics can be divided either in destructive techniques such as beam profile monitor, pepperpot, slit-slit emittance scanner (preferably used during commissioning) or nondestructive, permanently installed devices such as photodetachment-based techniques. Another way to determine beam distributions is a scintillator with charge-coupled device camera. First experiments have been performed to control the beam injection into the LEBT. The influence of beam parameters such as particle energy and space-charge compensation on the two-dimensional distribution and profiles will be presented.

  16. Evidence for Human Norovirus Infection of Dogs in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caddy, Sarah L.; de Rougemont, Alexis; Emmott, Edward; El-Attar, Laila; Mitchell, Judy A.; Hollinshead, Michael; Belliot, Gael; Brownlie, Joe; Le Pendu, Jacques; Goodfellow, Ian

    2015-04-01

    nloaded from cushion in TNC buffer (50mMTris HCl [pH 7.4], 150mMNaCl, 10mM CaCl2) containing the protease inhibitor leupeptin at 150,000? g for 2 h. The pelleted VLPs were resuspended in TNC and further purified by isopycnic centrifugation in cesium... . GI.1 and GII.4 VLPs were visualized by electron microscopy to confirm correct particle assembly (Fig. 1), and as all VLPs in this study were made using an identical protocol and formed a defined band on a cesium chloride gradient, this was deemed...

  17. U.S. Department of Energy Welcomes the United Kingdom as 21st...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Ghana, Hungary, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, and the Ukraine. "The UK shares in the vision of improved non-proliferation and nuclear waste...

  18. EDITION: UK CA Canada Qubec FR France US United States UK United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haszeldine, Stuart

    that the rock record of 600 million years tells me that excess carbon dioxide has happened 5 times before electricity. That something may well be a family of technologies going under the heading of carbon capture and storage (CCS). With that set of technologies, you can burn fuel, catch the carbon, liquefy it and pipeline

  19. The Greening of the Middle Kingdom: The Story of Energy Efficiency in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2010-01-01

    communication, May 4, 2009. IEA (International Energy2003. Energy Balances of non-OECD Countries. Paris: IEA.IEA. 2008. World Energy Outlook. Paris: IEA. Jiang, Y. 2006.

  20. A review of "Swordsmen: The Martial Ethos in the Three Kingdoms." by Roger B. Manning 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simon Healy

    2006-01-01

    interesting idea Manning touches upon is the thesis that the revival of a martial culture based upon edged weapons at a time when guns came to dominate the battlefield was a way in which elites validated their continuing claims to pre-eminence in civil society.... Similarly direct references, mostly to Constantine, abound also in Bernini?s design for the colonnade in Piazza San Pietro, but- tressed by the Vatican Library Prefect Holstenius?s citation of Greek sources for porticoed buildings. Both the conception...

  1. Inter- and Intra-kingdom Signaling in Bacterial Chemotaxis, Biofilm Formation, and Virulence 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hegde, Manjunath

    2012-02-14

    , houses up to 1000 distinct bacterial species and an estimated excess of ~1014 resident microbes existing in homeostasis with the host's immune system (3). Therefore, the gut microbiome is one of the most complex microbial ecosystems, in which a diverse... suggest this number may be as large as 35,000 (35). The interactions of microbes with the host have evolved into a complex balance of host genes, gut environment, and microbes defined as the microbiome (4, 36). These microbes modulate the normal...

  2. VENTURE CAPITAL, THE REGIONS AND PUBLIC POLICY: THE UNITED KINGDOM SINCE THE POST-2000 TECHNOLOGY CRASH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strathclyde, University of

    which gives greater emphasis to the demand-side. Key words: venture capital, regions, regional policy of the amount of money under management and the scale of investing. The subsequent ,,tech bust at the turn

  3. An assessment of using oil shale for power production in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hill, L.J.; Holcomb, R.S.; Petrich, C.H.; Roop, R.D.

    1990-11-01

    This report addresses the oil shale-for-power-production option in Jordan. Under consideration are 20- and 50-MW demonstration units and a 400-MW, commercial-scale plant with, at the 400-MW scale, a mining operation capable of supplying 7.8 million tonnes per year of shale fuel and also capable of disposal of up to 6.1 million tonnes per year of wetted ash. The plant would be a direct combustion facility, burning crushed oil shale through use of circulating fluidized bed combustion technology. The report emphasizes four areas: (1) the need for power in Jordan, (2) environmental aspects of the proposed oil shale-for-power plant(s), (3) the engineering feasibility of using Jordan's oil shale in circulating fluidized bed combustion (CFBC) boiler, and (4) the economic feasibility of the proposed plant(s). A sensitivity study was conducted to determine the economic feasibility of the proposed plant(s) under different cost assumptions and revenue flows over the plant's lifetime. The sensitivity results are extended to include the major extra-firm benefits of the shale-for-power option: (1) foreign exchange savings from using domestic energy resources, (2) aggregate income effects of using Jordan's indigenous labor force, and (3) a higher level of energy security. 14 figs., 47 tabs.

  4. The Greening of the Middle Kingdom: The Story of Energy Efficiency in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2010-01-01

    NBS, various years. Energy Supply and Energy EfficiencyInvestment, 1981-1998 Energy Supply Investment Energymodel— rapid increases in energy supply, low energy prices,

  5. The Greening of the Middle Kingdom: The Story of Energy Efficiency in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2010-01-01

    the production of energy-intensive products for export as afor Larger, Energy-Inefficient Vehicles Reduced Export Taxexport markets, which was heavily weighted toward energy-

  6. U.S. Department of Energy Welcomes the United Kingdom as 21st...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    GNEP, a voluntary international partnership, aims to safely and securely expand nuclear power worldwide while responsibly managing nuclear waste and reducing proliferation...

  7. The Greening of the Middle Kingdom: The Story of Energy Efficiency in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2010-01-01

    Procurement Program National Energy Efficient DesignEnergy Technology Policy Outline 2006 Government Procurement Program National

  8. Bath BA2 7AY United Kingdom Telephone: +44 (0)1225 386822

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scheichl, Robert

    bioethanol production using G. thermoglucosidasius has been developed to pilot scale by the company TMO thermoglucosidasius for high yield ethanol production. Metabolic Engineering 11, 398-408. De Maayer, P., Brumm, P

  9. Energy implications of the thermal recovery of biodegradable municipal waste materials in the United Kingdom

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burnley, Stephen; Phillips, Rhiannon; Coleman, Terry; Rampling, Terence

    2011-09-15

    Highlights: > Energy balances were calculated for the thermal treatment of biodegradable wastes. > For wood and RDF, combustion in dedicated facilities was the best option. > For paper, garden and food wastes and mixed waste incineration was the best option. > For low moisture paper, gasification provided the optimum solution. - Abstract: Waste management policies and legislation in many developed countries call for a reduction in the quantity of biodegradable waste landfilled. Anaerobic digestion, combustion and gasification are options for managing biodegradable waste while generating renewable energy. However, very little research has been carried to establish the overall energy balance of the collection, preparation and energy recovery processes for different types of wastes. Without this information, it is impossible to determine the optimum method for managing a particular waste to recover renewable energy. In this study, energy balances were carried out for the thermal processing of food waste, garden waste, wood, waste paper and the non-recyclable fraction of municipal waste. For all of these wastes, combustion in dedicated facilities or incineration with the municipal waste stream was the most energy-advantageous option. However, we identified a lack of reliable information on the energy consumed in collecting individual wastes and preparing the wastes for thermal processing. There was also little reliable information on the performance and efficiency of anaerobic digestion and gasification facilities for waste.

  10. Bath BA2 7AY United Kingdom Telephone: +44 (0)1225 386822

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scheichl, Robert

    the high non-linear properties of the material. The University of Bath has a strong track record://www.bath.ac.uk/elec-eng/research/cast/ Short description of research area to investigate with a potential MC Fellow The semiconductor Gallium. It is arguably the most important electronic material behind silicon. Group III-Nitride technology has taken

  11. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. (2007), 87, 243251 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Graham

    2007-01-01

    of beaked whales from the atypical mass stranding in the Canary Islands in September 2002 Stomach contents conducted in the Canary Islands in September 2002. Animals from such mass strandings often contain freshly of fish in the diet whereas Ziphius specialises on cephalopods. INTRODUCTION The Canary Islands

  12. Third Party Nuclear Liability: The Case of a Supplier in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Anthony; Heffron, Raphael J.

    2012-02-27

    .  However,  there  are  a  number  of  other  activities  and  materials  that  typically  fall  outside  the  Paris  Convention.  Firstly,  activities  or  materials  involving low levels of radioactivity. They include (1) “uranium mining or milling  or...   the  manufacture  [storage]  and  processing  of  natural  or  depleted  uranium”  which do not present any criticality risk to the public at large;19 (2) installations  where  small  amounts  of  fissionable  materials  are  found  (including...

  13. The Greening of the Middle Kingdom: The Story of Energy Efficiency in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2010-01-01

    iron and steel, petroleum and petrochemicals, chemicals, electric power, nonferrous metals, coal mining,

  14. Gods Who Hear Prayers: Popular Piety or Kingship in Three Theban monuments of New Kingdom Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ausec, Cindy Lee

    2010-01-01

    Search for God in Ancient Egypt. Translated by David Lorton.Press. ———, 2002. The Mind of Egypt. History and Meaning inIn Temples of Ancient Egypt. Edited by Byron E. Schafer.

  15. A Resurgence of United Kingdom Nuclear Power Research (2011 EFRC Forum)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Grimes, Robin W. (Imperial College, London, UK)

    2012-03-14

    Robin W. Grimes, Professor at Imperial College, London,was the third speaker in the the May 26, 2011 EFRC Forum session, "Global Perspectives on Frontiers in Energy Research." In his presentation, Professor Grimes discussed recent research endeavors in advanced nuclear energy systems being pursued in the UK. The 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum brought together the EFRC community and science and policy leaders from universities, national laboratories, industry and government to discuss "Science for our Nation's Energy Future." In August 2009, the Office of Science established 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers. The EFRCs are collaborative research efforts intended to accelerate high-risk, high-reward fundamental research, the scientific basis for transformative energy technologies of the future. These Centers involve universities, national laboratories, nonprofit organizations, and for-profit firms, singly or in partnerships, selected by scientific peer review. They are funded at $2 to $5 million per year for a total planned DOE commitment of $777 million over the initial five-year award period, pending Congressional appropriations. These integrated, multi-investigator Centers are conducting fundamental research focusing on one or more of several ?grand challenges? and use-inspired ?basic research needs? recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The purpose of the EFRCs is to integrate the talents and expertise of leading scientists in a setting designed to accelerate research that transforms the future of energy and the environment.

  16. Atmospheric Environment 38 (2004) 41554163 Black carbon emissions in the United Kingdom during the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-01-01

    that exceeds the decline in official estimates of BC emissions based only on amount of fuel use and mostly-dependent ``technology factor'' that must multiply the rate of fossil fuel use. Current ambient BC amounts in Great. Soot is a particle-phase product of incomplete combus- tion of carbon containing fuels. Its main

  17. Does Gender Matter? Women Business Angels and the Supply of Entrepreneurial Finance in the United Kingdom 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, Richard T; Mason, Colin

    2005-01-01

    There is a substantial literature on the relationship between gender and access to finance, without any definite conclusions having been reached. Most of this research has been into access to debt finance. More recently, ...

  18. Kingdom of the Netherlands Version Jan.20, 1999 Ministry of Economic Affairs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .e. the Ministry for Economic Affairs, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Netherlands Development Assistance ­ Neda

  19. Bath BA2 7AY United Kingdom Telephone: +44 (0)1225 386822

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scheichl, Robert

    is the development of arrays of electronically-addressable biosensors based on electrical, electrochemical of microfluidics for sample delivery; development of novel electrical, electrochemical, optoelectronic or acoustic.g. cancer diagnosis, development of low-cost sensors for disease diagnostics in developing countries

  20. CASE OF MATTHEWS v. THE UNITED KINGDOM (Application no. 24833/94)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pukelsheim, Friedrich

    JÃ?RUNDSSON, Mr G. RESS, Mr I. CABRAL BARRETO, Mr J.-P. COSTA, Mr W. FUHRMANN, Mr K. JUNGWIERT, Mr M. Cabral Barreto, Mr W. Fuhrmann, Mr K. Jungwiert, Mrs N. Vaji, Mr J. Hedigan, Mrs W. Thomassen, Mrs M

  1. The Greening of the Middle Kingdom: The Story of Energy Efficiency in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levine, Mark D.; Zhou, Nan; Price, Lynn

    2009-05-01

    The dominant image of China's energy system is of billowing smokestacks from the combustion of coal. More heavily dependent on coal than any other major country, China uses it for about 70 percent of its energy (NBS, 2008). Furthermore, until recently, China had very few environmental controls on emissions from coal combustion; recent efforts to control sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) emissions appear to be meeting with some success (Economy, 2007, 2009). Figure 1 shows the dominant use of coal in China's energy system from 1950 to 1980 (NBS, various years). However, this is just one side of China's energy story. Figure 2 illustrates the second part, and what may be the most important part of the story - China's energy system since 1980, shortly after Deng Xiaoping assumed full leadership. This figure compares the trends in energy consumption and gross domestic product (GDP) by indexing both values to 100 in 1980. The upper line shows what energy consumption in China would have been if it had grown at the same rate as GDP, since energy consumption usually increases in lockstep with GDP in an industrializing, developing country, at least until it reaches a high economic level. The lower line in Figure 2 shows China's actual energy consumption, also indexed to 1980. The striking difference between the lines shows that GDP in China grew much faster than energy demand from 1980 to 2002. As a result, by 2002 energy and energy-related carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) emissions were more than 40% percent of what they would have been if energy and GDP had grown in tandem. In the next chapter of China's energy history, from 2002 to 2005, the increase in energy demand outstripped a very rapidly growing economy, and because of the large size of the Chinese economy, the increase had substantial impacts. The construction of power plants increased to 100 gigawatts per year; over the three-year period newly constructed plants had a capacity of more than 30 percent of total electricity-generation capacity in the United States. At the same time, energy-related CO{sub 2} emissions in China increased dramatically. In the latest stage, another abrupt change, this time for the better in terms of energy efficiency, began late in 2005. As senior officials in the government turned their attention to the problem of growing energy demand, the government set a mandatory goal for 2010 of a 20 percent reduction in energy intensity (defined as energy use per unit of GDP) from 2005 levels. To meet this goal, China undertook significant legislative, regulatory, and organizational reforms at the national, provincial, and municipal levels to ensure that measures to reduce energy intensity would be implemented in all sectors and activities in China. At the time of this writing, it appears that China is on its way to meeting the 20 percent goal, thus reducing CO{sub 2} emissions by 1.5 billion tones, as compared with consumption at 2005 energy-intensity levels. In this paper, we describe and assess these three significant periods in China's energy story and provide a context by briefly reviewing the three decades prior to 1980.

  2. EM Renews Information-Sharing Agreement with United Kingdom's Nuclear Decommissioning Authority

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    PHOENIX – EM’s top official this week renewed an agreement between DOE and the U.K.’s Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA) that expands the scope of their information sharing.

  3. KINGDOM BY DTlE ATOMIC UNITED ESERG Y,AljTHORK'Y

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and700, 1.Reports1E~ S·D3GraniteS T

  4. HiperDNO (Smart Grid Project) (United Kingdom) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy Resources JumpNew Jersey: Energy Resources Jump

  5. Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to United Kingdom (Dollars

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan FebCubicFracking, China,(DollarsThousandThousandThousand Cubicper

  6. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to United Kingdom (Million Cubic

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr 2012 2013 2014Thousand343DecadeFeet) Decade Year-0

  7. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgency (IRENA) Jump to: navigation,WindJust

  8. Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to United Kingdom (Dollars

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgram GuidelinesThousand Cubic Feet) toThousandThousand

  9. United Kingdom Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThin Film SolarTown(LECBP)BioGenUnidym Inc

  10. A Strategy for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) in the United Kingdom and

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand Dalton JumpProgram |Recent Exploration WellMountain,Beyond | Open

  11. DLC+VIT4IP (Smart Grid Project) (United Kingdom) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (UtilityInstruments Inc Jump to: navigation,(RECP) inNetherlands) Jump

  12. United States-United Kingdom Collaboration on Fossil Energy R&D |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyThe U.S.Laclede GasEfficiency|Feed|DepartmentThe United States and Japan

  13. U.S. Department of Energy Welcomes the United Kingdom as 21st Member of the

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OF APPLICABLEStatutory AuthorityTrackCharterperformof the4-2018 DOEWeatherized

  14. Price Liquefied Freeport, TX Natural Gas Exports Price to United Kingdom

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearby the Price (Percent)Cubic Feet)of

  15. Price Liquefied Sabine Pass, LA Natural Gas Exports Price to United Kingdom

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearby the Price (Percent)Cubic(Dollars(Dollars(Dollars

  16. Price Liquefied Sabine Pass, LA Natural Gas Exports Price to United Kingdom

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearby the Price

  17. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to United Kingdom (Million Cubic

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and-E CChina (Million

  18. Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to United Kingdom (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearby the(Dollars per ThousandThousand CubicThousand

  19. Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to United Kingdom (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearby the(Dollars per ThousandThousand

  20. Sabine Pass, LA Exports to United kingdom Liquefied Natural Gas (Million

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearby the(Dollars1.840Year Jan FebCubic Feet) United

  1. STRUCTURE OF PENTAKIS (UREA) DIOXOURANIUM(VI)NITRATE LUO2 (OC (NH2)2)5 (NO3) 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zalkin, Allan

    2011-01-01

    DIFfERENCES (ALL f(O,O.t» URANYL UREA NITRATE FOB AND FCASTRUCTURE FACTORS CONTINUEC URANYL ~REA NITRATE L FO~ FAG! SFACTORS CO~TINUE& FOf URANYL UREA NITRATE l F[) B PAGE . ,

  2. Erratum: ``Direct ab initio dynamics studies of NH2^NHH reaction'' J. Chem. Phys. 113, 6149 ,,2000...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Truong, Thanh N.

    , 6149 ,,2000... Shaowen Zhang and Thanh N. Truong Henry Eyring Center for Theoretical Chemistry. Pederson, G. C. Schatz, T. Hollebeek, T. S. Ho, H. Rabitz, and L. B. Harding, J. Phys. Chem. 104, 2301 2000. Schatz, J. Phys. Chem. 105, 2301 2000 . JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS VOLUME 116, NUMBER 15 15 APRIL 2002

  3. Experimental and theoretical studies of reactions of neutral vanadium and tantalum oxide clusters with NO and NH3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rocca, Jorge J.

    . doi:10.1063/1.3497652 I. INTRODUCTION Selective catalytic reduction SCR of nitric oxide by ammonia, and then the reaction proceeds with the activation of nitric oxide from the gas phase;6­23 how- ever, the adsorptionExperimental and theoretical studies of reactions of neutral vanadium and tantalum oxide clusters

  4. Adapted from laboratory protocols of the Center for Freshwater Biology, University of New Hampshire, Durham, N.H. 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    Contacts: cfb.unh.edu 603-862-2105: "Haney Lab" Dr. Jim Haney: Jfhaney@unh.edu Amanda Murby: amurby be stored and analyzed separately if information on the spatial variation of microcystin #12;UNH CFB and in the dark until drop-off at UNH CFB lab. 8) Freeze sample if storage time, prior to delivery, exceeds 12

  5. Vibrationally state-selected reactions of ammonia ions. III. NHt(v)+ND3 and NDt(v)+ NH3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Experimentally, the ammonia ion-ammonia neutral re- action system (see Table I for a summary ofrelevant energe

  6. nh Gi Tn Hi Ti Nguyn Thin Nhin do Trn Du Deep Horizon D n ng b bin sng Alabama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    nguyên liu ê chn sóng t nhiên hoc nhân to ngn chn ngun sóng, bo v b bin sinh thái, cùng lúc cng to nên

  7. 2011 Laser Diagnostics in Combustion Gordon Research Conference, (August 14-19, 2011, Waterville Valley Resort, Waterville Valley, NH)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas Settersten

    2011-08-19

    The vast majority of the world's energy needs are met by combustion of fossil fuels. Optimum utilization of limited resources and control of emissions of pollutants and greenhouse gases demand sustained improvement of combustion technology. This task can be satisfied only by detailed knowledge of the underlying physical and chemical processes. Non-intrusive laser diagnostics continuously contribute to our growing understanding of these complex and coupled multi-scale processes. The GRC on Laser Diagnostics in Combustion focuses on the most recent scientific advances and brings together scientists and engineers working at the leading edge of combustion research. Major tasks of the community are developing and applying methods for precise and accurate measurements of fluid motion and temperatures; chemical compositions; multi-phase phenomena appearing near walls, in spray and sooting combustion; improving sensitivities, precision, spatial resolution and tracking transients in their spatio-temporal development. The properties and behaviour of novel laser sources, detectors, optical systems that lead to new diagnostic capabilities are also part of the conference program.

  8. Mechanisms for sealing of porous low-k SiOCH by combined He and NH3 plasma treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kushner, Mark

    energies are expected to be low and so is likely to be nearly a spontane- ous process. Cleaning using) Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 Mark J. Kushnerb is potentially a means of sealing pores while maintaining the low-k of the dielectric. The He plasma activates

  9. nh Gi Tn Hi Ti Nguyn Thin Nhin do Trn Du Deep Horizon Khi phc b bin sng v cc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    cùng khu lân cn và vnh St. Louis, tt c nm ti ht Jackson, Harrison và Hancock, Mississippi. S Cht lng Truyn thông S Cht lng Môi trng Mississippi, PO 2261, Jackson, Mississippi 39225, Phone 601

  10. Minutes from Poultry Clinic Meeting --April 30, 2013 Held at Merrimack County 4H Office in Boscawen, NH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    to keep costs low, we decided the entry fee will be $5 for individuals. We will offer a Group Rate of $40, we eliminated the food/food supplies expense, so our projected expenses will be $190, with the cost to use the building being $125. Admittance Much discussion ensued about the cost to attend. In an effort

  11. CHNG 5 CHNG TRNH KHI PHC SM XUT: PHT TRIN V NH GI CC GII PHP ...............................................................................................................................................................1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ..............................17 5.3.5 Gii pháp 3: Góp phn vào Vic Cung cp và Tng cng C hi cho Dch v Gii trí....17 5.3.6 Gii pháp 3 Lng Môi Trng(CEQ) v vic thc hin Chính Sách Lut Môi Trng Quc Gia (NEPA) cng hng dn các t chc nghiên cu

  12. nh Gi Thit Hi Ti Nguyn Thin Nhin ca V Trn Du Deepwater Horizon Cc D n Qun Franklin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    công cng hin nay. Ban Qun Tr ánh Giá Thit Hi Tài Nguyên The Deepwater Horizon xut by d án v gii trí ti/hoc tng cng s dng và/hoc thng ngon ca công chúng i vi các ngun li thiên nhiên này. xut Nâng Cp Các Công

  13. nh Gi Thit Hi Ti Nguyn Thin Nhin ca V Trn Du Deepwater Horizon Cc D n Khu Vc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinh Vnh St. Joseph thuc Qun Gulf, và có th thêm c khu Bo Tn Thy Sinh Cng Alligator thuc Qun Franklin hi ti ba Khu Bo Tn Thy Sinh (Vnh St. Joseph, Cng Alligator, và St. Andrews). Bc tip theo s bao gm vic bin báo mang tính giáo dc và cp các t ri ti các li h tàu ti Vnh St. Joseph, Cng Alligator, and Vnh St

  14. STRUCTURE OF PENTAKIS (UREA) DIOXOURANIUM(VI)NITRATE LUO2 (OC (NH2)2)5 (NO3) 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zalkin, Allan

    2011-01-01

    Chemistry University of California Berkeley, California 94720 AUGUST 1978 In our ongoing studies of uranium

  15. Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 1): Fletcher`s Paint Works and Storage, Milford, NH, September 30, 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1999-03-01

    This decision document presents the selected remedial action for the Fletcher`s Paint Works and Storage Facility Superfund Site (Site) located in Milford, New Hampshire. This ROD sets forth the selected remedy for Operable Unit On at the Fletcher`s Paint Site, which involves the excavation and on-site treatment of principal threat wastes which consist of primarily PCB contaminated soils, the replacement of those treated soils at the Site, and placement of a soil and asphalt cover over the residual low level threat wastes. The selected remedy also includes monitored natural attenuation of the contaminated groundwater in the overburdened and bedrock aquifers and institutional controls to prevent future ingestion of contaminated groundwater, as well as restrictions on the use and assess to the subsurface soils at the Elm Street Site.

  16. Author's personal copy Transformations of neat and heated struvite (MgNH4PO46H2O)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tas, A. Cuneyt

    seen in waste water treatment and purification plants. Single-phase and highly crystalline struvite of urinary tract calculi [4]. Struvite is a phase deposited along the pipelines of the waste water treatment, intentional and controlled precipitation of struvite is practiced in the landfills and waste water treatment

  17. Spatiotemporal Distribution of NOx Storage: a Factor Controlling NH3 and N2O Selectivities over a Commercial LNT Catalyst

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Evaluation of commercial Ba-based LNT (CLEERS benchmark catalyst; containing oxygen storage capacity) in a bench flow reactor under fast-cycling conditions, varying reductant type, temperature and sulfation level

  18. NOIlVUlSININdV NOIlVWdOdNI AOd3N3 ACTO3NH

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1Markets See(STEO),7F e b r61-

  19. New England Regional Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    & ENVIRONMENT Clinical Lab Science Masters CT ME NH VT Health Informatics & Mgt. Masters NH RI VT Nursing (Adult Psychiatric Optn. only) Masters NH Nursing PHD ME NH VT Nursing DNP NH VT Physical Therapy Doctoral ME NH Work

  20. Sustainable Architectural Applications in the Gulf States-Post Occupancy Evaluation Case Study of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, H.; Alfalah, G.

    2010-01-01

    and its construction finished in 1999. It is located paralleled to the region of Al Hakim Palace in the Southern direction, and it is bounded by the King Fahd Road from the west, and Tarik Bin Zeyad Street from the North, and Asir Street from the South... in the Centre of the City of Riyadh, it looks at the most important main roads in the City of Riyadh, as it lies on the south- eastern side of the intersection of King Fahd Road with Tarik Bin Zeyad Street, in an inhabitant area remarked by its over...

  1. J. Fluid Mech. (1999), vol. 392, pp. 183212. Printed in the United Kingdom c 1999 Cambridge University Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1999-01-01

    accurate force and motion measurements on a laboratory fish-like robotic mechanism, 1.2 m long, covered not present in conventional steady propulsors. It has been shown, for example, that unsteady motion

  2. Proceedings of ASME/Bath 2014 Symposium on Fluid Power & Motion Control September 10-12, 2014, Bath, United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durfee, William K.

    piston leakage and friction and based on the models, the force and vol- umetric efficiencies for tiny. A needle valve was then cracked to cause the ram to descend at different speeds. Pressure, load to model predictions. The model and the experiment showed essentially zero leakage. The experimen- tal

  3. Fairytale Cynicism in the Kingdom of Plastic Bags: Mapping Power and Powerlessness in Chelnochovsk-na-Dniestre, Ukraine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blank, Diana R.

    2003-01-01

    Chelnochovsk-na-Dniestre, Ukraine Diana R. Blank Berkeley PChelnochovsk-na-Dniestre, Ukraine Diana R. Blank Spring 2003emerging ethnography on Ukraine is based, and perhaps, in

  4. J. Fluid Mech. (1998), vol. 365, pp. 109136. Printed in the United Kingdom c 1998 Cambridge University Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt, Julian

    1998-01-01

    on the ratio of the cross-wind speed to the induced air speed U0/Uj. Using a multi-zone analysis we show to the centre, while further away the sink flow is weak and the streamlines follow the cross-wind. The external droplets to leave the spray. When the cross-wind is strong (U0/Uj > 0.3; U0 & 10 m s-1 ) the flow is too

  5. Closed-form solutions to surface Green's functions Department of Mathematics, Imperial College, London SW7 2BZ, United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Umerski, Andrey

    for surface Green's functions within arbitrary multiorbital models. The formulation is completely generalClosed-form solutions to surface Green's functions A. Umerski Department of Mathematics, Imperial-Kohn-Rostoker and other Green's-function equivalent formalisms, where the Hamiltonian can be put into a localized i

  6. J. Fluid Mech. (1999), vol. 385, pp. 157197. Printed in the United Kingdom c 1999 Cambridge University Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clanet, Christophe

    1999-01-01

    November 1998) This paper is concerned with the coupling mechanisms leading to the spontaneous generation of the fuel flux at the flame. 1. Introduction The first experimental evidence of the thermo-acoustic as an unsteady local source of volume which generates sound (Strahle 1985; Clavin & Siggia 1991). The loop

  7. Oliver F. Quinn, R.Stuart Haszeldine, John R. Underhill, and John E. Dixon, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haszeldine, Stuart

    shallow depth cementation. Fluid exit on the meso-scale was baffled by low permeability cataclastic fault

  8. A Framework For The Exergy Analysis Of Future Transport Pathways: Application For The United Kingdom Transport System 2010-2050

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byers, Edward A.; Gasparatos, Alexandros; Serrenho, André C.

    2015-08-04

    /friction/accessories/transmission losses (Table SI7 in supplementary material) and 189 𝜂𝑡?𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑒𝑡𝑖𝑐𝑎𝑙 𝑚𝑎𝑥𝑖𝑚𝑢𝑚 = 83% [43]. Furthermore, an exergy efficiency factor of 62% was used for 190 hydrogen production from electricity assuming steam-methane reforming... exergy efficiency of grid electricity production weighted by generation type 248 between 2010-2050. Pathways with high levels of renewables (particularly wind) and combined cycle 249 gas turbines exhibit the highest efficiencies (CP1-REN, CP3-CCS...

  9. Ethnohistoric Notes on the Ancient Tibetan Kingdom of sPo bo and its influence on the Eastern Himalayas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lazcano, Santiago

    2005-01-01

    ON THE ANCIENT TIBETANKINGDOM OF sPO BO AND ITS INFLUENCE ONTHE EASTERN HIMALAYAS1 Santiago Lazcano Translated from Spanish by Rita Granda …In late 1910 the Pome people killed a senior Chinese official. The Chinese replied with a punitiveexpedition which provoked... in the great gTsang po River5. Unlike most of Tibet,this area is humid and fertile and it is covered in dense forests and steepgorges. Wheat, barley, peaches and nuts grow in abundance. sPo yul is alsoknown for its production of honey, spices, bamboo...

  10. MULTI-SCIENCE PUBLISHING CO. LTD. 5 Wates Way, Brentwood, Essex CM15 9TB, United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Edinburgh, EH9 3JN, UK ABSTRACT Biochar is the solid remains of organic material that has been heated their utilisation can be difficult and require additional processing steps. Charcoal is a form of biochar when it is applied to soils rather than burnt as a fuel, though many non-woody feedstocks produce a char

  11. Companion burials in the Kingdom of the Avocado : indirect evidence of human sacrifice in late and terminal Classic Maya Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pitcavage, Megan R.

    2008-01-01

    adult (35-49 years), and old adult (50+ years). Assignmentsresorption. Finally, the old adult age range was assigned toto five years of age to old adults of approximately 50 years

  12. J. Fluid Mech. (2001), vol. 440, pp. 117145. Printed in the United Kingdom c 2001 Cambridge University Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt, Julian

    2001-01-01

    by steady vortices of strength ~ (with a typical radius Also at: Grupo de Mec´anica de Fluidos, University

  13. CCFE is the fusion research arm of the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority Presentation to PhD and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in 2019. BASIC PARAMETERS: ·Plasma Major Radius 6.2m ·Plasma Minor Radius 2.0m ·Plasma Current 15.0MA-T fusion power density is approximated by: Plasma pressure in atmospheres We need >1MWm-3 for a economic Plasma experiments Materials science Engineering #12;Can we do fusion at a compact scale? #12;What is it

  14. J. Fluid Mech. (2000), vol. 421, pp. 3981. Printed in the United Kingdom c 2000 Cambridge University Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kloosterziel, Rudolf C.

    2000-01-01

    into internal waves is derived, as well as wave energy fluxes and the dependence of the flux direction, are given for the far field. A simple formula for the total wave energy distribution as a function By R UDO LF C. KL OOSTERZ IEL School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii

  15. J. Fluid Mech. (2000), vol. 414, pp. 195223. Printed in the United Kingdom c 2000 Cambridge University Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hinch, John

    2000-01-01

    , such as coating, polymer extrusion, oil transportation, as well as for their basic scientific significance. Three

  16. The kingdom and its subjects : charisms, language, economy, and the birth of a progressive politics in the vineyard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bialecki, Jon

    2009-01-01

    Reassembling individual subjects: Events and decisions inPeter 2003 Badiou: A Subject to Truth. Minneapolis:the Tropics: Objects and Subjects at the Religious Frontier.

  17. A review of "The Stuart Kingdoms in the Seventeenth Century: Awkward Neighbors." by Allan I. Macinnes and Jane Ohlmeyer, eds. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brett Parker

    2003-01-01

    and consolidating conti- nental territories. According to Ellis, a significant shift in state formation occurred in 1453 when the fall of Lancastrian England also spelled the end of the short lived dual monarchy. Ellis la- ments this as ?one of the great might... in the case of Claire McEachern?s reading of Shakespeare?s Macbeth. She argues that the play reflects an acute sense on the part of Jacobean England of cultural difference and sameness with their northern neighbor. The play?s protean gender quality serves...

  18. Higher Education in a Globalised Market: A Comparative Discourse Study of University Prospectuses in Hong Kong and the United Kingdom 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hui, Kin Lam

    2009-11-26

    The globalization of higher education has been greatly accelerated in the 21st century. International student recruitment not only enriches cultural diversity but also provides huge revenue to education providers. This ...

  19. Head Office: 1 Trumpington Street, Cambridge, CB2 1QA, United Kingdom Telephone: +44 (0)1223 768850

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    )2 894 93 20 www.cisl.cam.ac.uk Patron: HRH The Prince of Wales Embargoed: 9am BST, 4 September 2014, cities, defence, employment, energy, investment, fisheries, primary industries, tourism, and transport in the medium and long term. We cannot understand a long term business strategy without taking

  20. Statement by the Head of the United Kingdom Delegation, Professor R. Wade, at the Open Session of the CERN Council,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowther, Paul

    have announced withdrawal from our participation in the International Linear Collider project. I will be significantly reduced and will not be focussed on the project known as the International Linear Collider

  1. A Languages for Rules, Another for Symbols: Linguistic Pluralism and Interpretation of Statutes in the Kingdom of Bhutan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simoni, Alessandro

    2003-01-01

    “general law of the land”, sometimes with a “quasi-constitutional” flavor, by stressing the principle of equality contained in its first part8. The “Supreme Laws” of 1959 were followed by the enactment of a number of statutes regulating the most... of labourers at the beginning of the 20th century. The figure of Nepali speakers, currently estimated around 156 000, is a politically sensitive point, since there is still open conflict on 12 See chapter 22...

  2. Eavesdroppers : how scientists are learning to listen in on the animal kingdom : four stories on wildlife and sound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quill, Elizabeth H. (Elizabeth Helene)

    2007-01-01

    Typically, if scientists want to study animals in the wild they rely on field observations by eye. If they want to track those species to know where they are, where they are going, and how they behave, then researchers may ...

  3. Making Combined Heat and Power District Heating(CHP-DH) networks in the United Kingdom economically viable: a comparative approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, S.; Pollitt, Michael G.

      fuels  more  efficiently, district heating allows flexibility in the choice of fuels being  used.   For  example,  dual?fuel  or  multi?fuel  CHP  systems  provide  choice amongst different  fuel  types for the generation of energy. Such  systems... networks have the potential to future- proof the delivery of energy through versatility, energy efficiency and the alleviation of fuel poverty. Realising these goals will ultimately require the development of a robust regulatory environment, consisting...

  4. J. Fluid Mech. (2000), vol. 422, pp. 5568. Printed in the United Kingdom c 2000 Cambridge University Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wesfreid, José Eduardo

    2000-01-01

    mass transfer of the energetic elements (uranium and plutonium). The rate of mass transfer is directly.P. 111, F-26702 Pierrelatte, France. #12;56 K. Atkhen, J. Fontaine and J. E. Wesfreid To centrifugal

  5. Comparing Business and Household Sector Innovation in Consumer Products: Findings from a Representative Study in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    von Hippel, Eric A.

    In a first survey of its type, we measure development and modification of consumer products by product users in a representative sample of 1,173 UK consumers age 18 and older. We estimate this previously unmeasured type ...

  6. R tuart Haszeldine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom Oil Charge Preserves Deep-Burial Porosity in Sandstones and Limestones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haszeldine, Stuart

    -Burial Porosity in Sandstones and Limestones Debate since 1920, has equivocated over the effects of oil charge on reservoir quality. Regional information and local case-studies from the North Sea, shows sandstones from. As with sandstones, two types of reservoirs exist, those with regional porosity decline and those with raid porosity

  7. ,"Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to United Kingdom (Million Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterMonthly","10/2015" ,"Release Date:","12/31/2015"

  8. ,"Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to United Kingdom (Million Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames City of",6,1,"Omaha Public PowerOECD/IEA - 2008 © OECD/IEA - 2008LNGUnderground NaturalAnnual",2014

  9. Merrimack County residents had 20,000 contacts with statewide and local UNH Cooperative Extension staff and programs between October 2013 and September 2014. In the spirit of the regional program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    Gardener Training · NH Dairy Conference · NH Municipal Turf & Grounds Conference · Permaculture Workshops

  10. Improved synthesis and application of planar-chiral nucleophilic catalysts in asymmetric reactions and copper-catalyzed enantioselective N-H insertion reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Elaine C

    2007-01-01

    The development of an improved synthesis of nucleophilic planar-chiral catalysts is described in Chapter 1. This route is amenable to scale-up and preparative chiral HPLC is unnecessary to resolve the racemic catalysts. ...

  11. L: Lifetimes of Civilizations N = N* fs fGHZ fp nH fl fJ ffEufmfifcL /T

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, Frederick M.

    : natural resources regeneration, depletion · w: wealth production ­ consumption · C : consumption ­ Cc, depends on wealth · Consumption depends on wealth ­ Commoners consumption ceases when wealth falls below threshold ­ Elites consumption ceases when wealth falls below threshold/ #12;Handy Solutions · Vary

  12. Addendum to Guarantee Testing Results from the Greenidge Multi-Pollutant Control Project: Additiona NH3, NOx, and CO Testing Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniel P. Connell; James E. Locke

    2008-03-01

    On March 28-30 and May 1-4, 2007, CONSOL Energy Inc. Research & Development (CONSOL R&D) performed flue gas sampling at AES Greenidge to verify the performance of the multi-pollutant control system recently installed by Babcock Power Environmental Inc. (BPEI) on the 107-MW Unit 4 (Boiler 6). The multi-pollutant control system includes combustion modifications and a hybrid selective non-catalytic reduction (SNCR)/in-duct selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system to reduce NO{sub x} emissions, followed by a Turbosorp{reg_sign} circulating fluidized bed dry scrubber system and baghouse to reduce emissions of SO{sub 2}, SO{sub 3}, HCl, HF, and particulate matter. Mercury removal is provided via the co-benefits afforded by the in-duct SCR, dry scrubber, and baghouse and by injection of activated carbon upstream of the scrubber, as required. The testing in March and May demonstrated that the multi-pollutant control system attained its performance targets for NO{sub x} emissions, SO{sub 2} removal efficiency, acid gas (SO{sub 3}, HCl, and HF) removal efficiency, and mercury removal efficiency. However, the ammonia slip measured between the SCR outlet and air heater inlet was consistently greater than the guarantee of 2 ppmvd {at} 3% O{sub 2}. As a result, additional testing was performed on May 30-June 1 and on June 20-21, 2007, in conjunction with tuning of the hybrid NO{sub x} control system by BPEI, in an effort to achieve the performance target for ammonia slip. This additional testing occurred after the installation of a large particle ash (LPA) screen and removal system just above the SCR reactor and a fresh SCR catalyst layer in mid-May. This report describes the results of the additional tests. During the May 30-June 1 sampling period, CONSOL R&D and Clean Air Engineering (CAE) each measured flue gas ammonia concentrations at the air heater inlet, downstream of the in-duct SCR reactor. In addition, CONSOL R&D measured flue gas ammonia concentrations at the economizer outlet, upstream of the SCR reactor, and CAE measured flue gas NO{sub x} and CO concentrations at the sampling grids located at the inlet and outlet of the SCR reactor. During the June 20-21 sampling period, CONSOL R&D measured flue gas ammonia concentrations at the air heater inlet. All ammonia measurements were performed using a modified version of U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Conditional Test Method (CTM) 027. The NO{sub x} and CO measurements were performed using U.S. EPA Methods 7E and 10, respectively.

  13. Air Pollution Grant Ideas Possible air pollutants to study: SO2, H2S, NO2, NH3, CO, CO2, O3.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short, Daniel

    emissions from cars, trucks and buses, power plants, and off-road equipment. In addition to contributing of an approximately $10,000 electrical chemiluminescent analyzer which is usually located at one fixed site. NO2

  14. nh gi Tn tht Ti nguyn Thin nhin Trn du Deepwater Horizon D n Ci thin Tri nghim Ngi i B v Xe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IVProposedEarlyRestorationProject MÔ T D ÁN D án ci thin vic s dng ng dành cho xe p và ngi i b ti Davis Bayou bao gm tng cng ci thin qua khi khong 10.000 c dân ã chuyn n các vùng lân cn. Ngi s dng tuyn ng giao thông công cng này bao gm sung c quy hoch và tng chn s c xây dng nhng ni có ng c nâng lên. D án cng bao gm vic xây dng bin báo

  15. Khi phc Sm D tho K hoch Khi phc Sm v nh gi Mi trng Giai on IV N g y 2 0 t h n g 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on IV có trên www.gulfspillrestoration.noaa. gov và nhiu a im trong cng ng vùng vnh (xem dan sách trên Trc Giai on IV, các y viên ã thông qua ba k hoch khôi phc sm, bao gm tng cng 54 d án trên khp vùng Vnh vi tng chi phí khong 698 triu USD. Các y viên cng ã thông qua mt K Hoch Khôi phc Sm theo quy trình và

  16. Rice Snl6, a cinnamoyl-CoA reductase-like gene family member, is required for NH1-mediated immunity to Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bart, Rebecca S; Chern, Mawsheng; Vega-Sánchez, Miguel E; Canlas, Patrick; Ronald, Pamela C

    2010-01-01

    Immunity to Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae Rebecca S. Bartpathogen, Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo), constitutiveagainst Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae in Rice. Molecular

  17. Surface characterization studies of TiO2 supported manganese oxide catalysts for low temperature SCR of NO with NH3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boolchand, Punit

    power plant conditions using GHSV = 50,000 hÀ1 was studied. The catalyst with 16.7 wt.% Mn/TiO2 anatase gas. This is because the catalyst has high SCR activity and is resistant to SO2 poisoning of the desulfurization and particulate control devices immediately after the steam generator in order to avoid spending

  18. Development of ADECS to Meet 2010 Emission Levels: Optimization of NOx, NH3 and Fuel Consumption Using High and Low Engine-Out NOx Calibrations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Development and validation of a simple strategy-based technique using four engine parameters to minimize emissions and fuel consumption

  19. A general methodology for quantum modeling of free-energy profile of reactions in solution: An application to the Menshutkin NH3 CH3Cl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Truong, Thanh N.

    A general methodology for quantum modeling of free-energy profile of reactions in solution methodology for calculating free-energy profile of reaction in solution using quantum mechanical methods of molecules in solution, quantum model- ing of free-energy profile in solution still remains a challenge.1

  20. nh gi Tn tht Ti nguyn Thin nhin Trn du Deepwater Horizon D n phc hi C bin ti B Bin Quc Gia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horizon. Sau s c tràn du Deepwater Horizon, mt lng áng k du t n bãi bin dc theo Florida Panhandle. Trong vi C rùa( Thallasiumtestudium ) , loài ph bin nht ti thm c bin GUIS 3 ) t các im quan trc o lng và

  1. nh Gi Tn Hi Ti Nguyn Thin Nhin do Trn Du Deep Horizon D n nng cp ng mn vo Khu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    tht v dch v gii trí trong vùng t thuc B ni V nm bang vùng Vnh. Sau s c tràn du Deep Horizon, mt lng du và các hot ng i phó u ã làm tn tht các c hi gii trí và làm gim cht lng tri nghim ca du khách n khu

  2. orn Cox is an environmental researcher as well as a farmer. The 250-acre farm in Lee NH has been in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    .sustainableunh.unh.edu. Tuckaway Farm has the capacity to produce enough biodiesel for the entire farm for a year in only 3-4 days that classifying and quantifying such services will make them more visible, and allow them to be valued and put from ecosystem services will also help make farming a more viable livelihood. There is a role

  3. nh gi Tn hi Ti nguyn Thin nhin do Trn du Deep Horizon Khi phc loi chim ng bin ti vng b bin Alabama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ánh giá Tn hi Tài nguyên Thiên nhiên do Tràn du Deep Horizon Khôi phc loài chim ng bin ti vùng b Alabama s hình thành 5 nn làm t ca chim ng dc theo vùng b bin Mobile và Baldwin, Alabama tng c hi làm có th c tìm thy quanh nm ti khu vc b bin Alabama. Chim ng bin òi hi nhng khu vc làm t rng rãi vi

  4. nh Gi Thit Hi Ti Nguyn Thin Nhin ca V Trn Du Deepwater Horizon Cc D n To S Sng Ven B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    s c s dng khong 0,3 dm ng b bin và s to ra khon mt dm Anh (acre) vùng môi trng sng Florida ang cng tác. Cu cng trung tâm Thành Ph Pensacola và s hoàn thành vic xây dng công trình ê chn sóng th ba ti ây

  5. Tiu Ch Chn La D n Khi Phc Sm Vo ngy 21 thng 4 nm 2011, cc y Vin nh Gi Tn Hi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    s tn hi cng là mt yu t quan trng trong quy trình la chn d án); Kh nng thành công ca tng gii pháp thay Tác ng ca mi gii pháp ti sc khe và s an toàn ca cng ng · óng góp vào vic bo v s toàn vn ca môi trng và nhiên i vi bên hoc các bên có trách nhim vi v tràn du iu này cng nhm tìm kim s n bù i vi tn hi gây ra

  6. On the Interaction of Methyl Azide (CH3N3) Ices with Ionizing Radiation: Formation of Methanimine (CH2NH), Hydrogen Cyanide (HCN), and Hydrogen Isocyanide (HNC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaiser, Ralf I.

    On the Interaction of Methyl Azide (CH3N3) Ices with Ionizing Radiation: Formation of Methanimine in solar system analogue ices. Introduction Methyl azide (CH3N3) is an organic compound suggested to be present in Titan's atmosphere.1 To date, the Voyager Infrared Radiometer and Infrared Spectrometer (IRIS

  7. SIGNAL TO NOISE IMPROVEMENTS IN ON-ROAD NO, SO2, AND NH3 MEASUREMENTS USING A MULTI-COMPONENT CLASSICAL LEAST SQUARES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    .M.; Teffera, S.; Zeldin, M.D. J. Air. Waste Manage., 50, 2034-2044, 2000. 3 Burgard, D.A.; Dalton, T for quantifying each species. Piece Fit Approach Beer Lambert Law and the K-Matrix Approach Beer's law refers absorptivity. For a constant pathlength Beer's law can be rewritten by combining the absorptivity constant

  8. NH Agricultural Experiment Station -COLLEGE OF LIFE SCIENCES & AGRICULTURE http://extension.unh.edu/Agric3 3 3 3 3 http://www.colsa.unh.edu/aes/3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    !on!raised!beds! covered!with!embossed!black!plastic!mulch.!!Low!tunnels!made!of!10'!PVC!bows!were!installed!over! the!additional!layer!of!greenhouse!poly!(6mil)!added!on!Dec!16.!The!plastic!was!removed!on!March!14! and!rowcover!was!removed!on!April!5+Tunnel+Environment.!The!low!tunnel!covered!with!1.25!oz/yd2 !rowcover!and!6!mil!plastic! provided

  9. NH Agricultural Experiment Station!"!COLLEGE&OF&LIFE&SCIENCES&&&AGRICULTURE& !http://extension.unh.edu/Agric& & & & & http://www.colsa.unh.edu/aes/&

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    !transplant!trays!and!were! transplanted!outdoors!at!a!spacing!of!6"!apart!in!three!rows!6"!apart!on!raised!beds!covered!with! embossed!black!plastic!mulch! Added&plastic:& Dec!16! Dec!16! Nov!6! Nov!6! Removed&plastic:& Mar!14! Mar!14! Apr!15! Apr!15! Apr!7+Tunnel+Environment.!The!low!tunnel!covered!with!1.25!oz/yd2 !rowcover!and!6!mil!plastic! provided

  10. NH Agricultural Experiment Station -COLLEGE OF LIFE SCIENCES & AGRICULTURE http://extension.unh.edu/Agric http://www.colsa.unh.edu/aes/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    with Biotelo biodegradable black plastic mulch. One application of carbaryl was made to control striped

  11. NH Agricultural Experiment Station -COLLEGE OF LIFE SCIENCES & AGRICULTURE http://extension.unh.edu/Agric http://www.colsa.unh.edu/aes/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    centers on raised beds covered with Biotelo biodegradable black plastic mulch. One application of carbaryl

  12. Single photon ionization of van der Waals clusters with a soft x-ray laser: ,,CO2...n and ,,CO2...n,,H2O...m

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rocca, Jorge J.

    Single photon ionization of van der Waals clusters with a soft x-ray laser: ,,CO2...n and ,,CO2...n 2006; published online 20 October 2006 Pure neutral CO2 n clusters and mixed CO2 n H2O m clustersV. The distribution of pure CO2 n clusters decreases roughly exponentially with increasing cluster size. During

  13. The University of New Hampshire Cooperative Extension is an equal opportunity educator and employer. UNH, U.S. Department of Agriculture and the N.H. counties cooperating.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    . Applications of barnyard manure or compost and repeated tilling for a full season can be substituted for cover cropping. However, be aware that animal manures may contain weed seeds that can later become a problem

  14. Ni-V2O5,nH2O Core-Shell Nanocable Arrays for Enhanced Electrochemical Intercalation Katsunori Takahashi,, Ying Wang, and Guozhong Cao*,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Guozhong

    ,5) and electrical conductivity of V2O5 (10-2-10-3 S/cm 6,7) are rather small, the intercalation process is slow polycarbonate (PC) membranes, and reported that nanorod arrays achieved 4 times the capacity of a thin

  15. J. Fluid Mech. (2003), vol. 481, pp. 177186. c 2003 Cambridge University Press DOI: 10.1017/S0022112003003999 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Peter J.

    2003-01-01

    of Colley et al. was based on the facility of Jarre, Le Gal & Chauve (1991, 1996a, b) and was intended

  16. Systematics and Biodiversity 6 (4): 415475 Issued 24 November 2008 doi:10.1017/S1477200008002855 Printed in the United Kingdom C The Natural History Museum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agnarsson, Ingi

    submitted May 2006 accepted April 2007 Web forms and the phylogeny of theridiid spiders (Araneae: Theridiidae): chaos from order Abstract We trace the evolution of the web designs of spiders in the large and molecules. We use previous information on the webs of 88 species and new data on the web designs of 78

  17. Biol. Rev. (2000) 75. pp. 649-669 Printed in the United Kingdom Cambridge Philosophical Society 549 The functional significance of silk decorations of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Scott

    2000-01-01

    549 The functional significance of silk decorations of orb-web spiders: a critical review ~ A number of taxonomically diverse species of araneoid spiders adorn their orb-webs with conspicuous silk and - several explanations have been suggested. These include: (1) stabilising and strengthening the web; (2

  18. Polar Record 40 (213): 143151 (2004). Printed in the United Kingdom. DOI: 10.1017/S0032247403003334 143 Environmental pollutants from the Scott and Shackleton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanchette, Robert A.

    2004-01-01

    Shackleton, built another hut on Ross Island at Cape Royds; this would house a shore party of 15 men prefabricated hut at Cape Evans to provide accommodation and also built a smaller structure that was framed

  19. J. Fluid Mech. (2009), vol. 631, pp. 311342. c 2009 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112009007046 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mittal, Rajat

    2009-01-01

    Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, The George Washington University, 801 22nd St NW propulsor. The POD analysis shows that the complex kinematics of the pectoral fin can be described by a few Email address for correspondence: mittal@gwu.edu ¶ Present address: Mechanical and Materials Engineering

  20. Mycologist, Volume 19, Part 4 November 2005. British Mycological Society Printed in the United Kingdom. DOI: 10.1017/S0269915XO5004027

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massicotte, Hugues

    Mycologist, Volume 19, Part 4 November 2005. ©British Mycological Society Printed in the United.) Coker and Couch and Paxillus involutus (Batsch) Fr. and two pine species, Pinus strobus L. and Pinus

  1. J. Plasma Physics (2006), vol. 72, part 6, pp. 11671171. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022377806005861 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hudson, Stuart

    2006-01-01

    islands (e.g. due to tearing modes) has allowed the magnetic field to evolve to a minimum energy state, subject to the conservation of magnetic helicity and toroidal flux, and the presence of a perfectly confinement experiments. Other theories exist to describe the subsequent formation of transport barriers (e

  2. J. Fluid Mech. (2008), vol. 615, pp. 371399. c 2008 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112008003716 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dong, Suchuan "Steven"

    2008-01-01

    with differentially rotating cylinders can accommodate a surprisingly large variety of flow states, both laminar- rotating Taylor­Couette flow. Besides the laminar regimes (circular Couette flow, wavy vortex flow, spiral burst studied by Coughlin & Marcus (1996) is a temporal oscillation of the laminar flow

  3. J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 563, pp. 199222. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112006001170 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flór, Jan-Bert

    2006-01-01

    with a Rankine-type vortex with a Gaussian vertical distribution of vertical vorticity. The rays are traced involves the organization into large- and meso-scale vortices, while waves are continuously generated

  4. J. Fluid Mech. (2004), vol. 498, pp. 245256. c 2004 Cambridge University Press DOI: 10.1017/S0022112003006748 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Ho-Young

    2004-01-01

    and Technology, Seoul 136-791, Korea 2 Department of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, Kookmin University a water stream on a windowpane in a rainy day as well as liquid streams used in evaporation heat of the dynamic contact line, in that a high pressure in a pinched region pushes liquid into a thicker region

  5. J. Fluid Mech. (2003), vol. 481, pp. 385411. c 2003 Cambridge University Press DOI: 10.1017/S0022112003003938 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, James J.

    2003-01-01

    been neglected. Obvious examples include boilers, combustors and slurry reactors. Currently & Tryggvason (1998) and Shin & Juric (2002) simulated film boiling on a heated plate. By tracking the position of the water­vapour interface, they

  6. J. Fluid Mech. (2007), vol. 582, pp. 179202. c 2007 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112007005770 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoeberl, Joachim

    2007-01-01

    with the slat cove resonances and depend on the slat cove geometry. All resonances are damped owing to radiation, Thomas & Nelson (2000) (high-lift model), Dobrzynski, #12;180 S. Hein, T. Hohage, W. Koch and J. Sch

  7. The municipal solid waste landfill as a source of Montreal Protocol-restricted halocarbons in the United States and United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hodson, Elke L. (Elke Lynn Ann)

    2008-01-01

    Central to the study of stratospheric ozone recovery and climate change, is the ability to predict emissions of Montreal Protocol-restricted halocarbons (MPGs) over the coming decades. The prediction of emissions has become ...

  8. J. Fluid Mech. (2002), vol. 459, pp. 317345. c 2002 Cambridge University Press DOI: 10.1017/S0022112002008042 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hinch, John

    2002-01-01

    flow regimes such as moving packed particle beds, fluidized suspensions and combinations separated by low-density bubbles moving down at a constant velocity are observed. The pressure is larger applications to pneumatic transport, catalytic cracking, fluid beds and emptying storage silos. Very diverse

  9. Report on the SNL/AWE/NSF international workshop on joint mechanics, Dartington, United Kingdom, 2729 April 2009.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ewins, David J.; Bergman, Lawrence A.; Segalman, Daniel Joseph

    2010-08-01

    The SNL/AWE joint mechanics workshop, held in Dartington Hall, Totnes, Devon, UK 26-29 April 2009 was a follow up to another international joints workshop held in Arlington, Virginia, in October 2006. The preceding workshop focused on identifying what length scales and interactions would be necessary to provide a scientific basis for analyzing and understanding joint mechanics from the atomistic scale on upward. In contrast, the workshop discussed in this report, focused much more on identification and development of methods at longer length scales that can have a nearer term impact on engineering analysis, design, and prediction of the dynamics of jointed structures. Also, the 2009 meeting employed less technical presentation and more break out sessions for developing focused strategies than was the case with the early workshop. Several 'challenges' were identified and assignments were made to teams to develop approaches to address those challenges.

  10. J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 569, pp. 185207. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112006002606 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dong, Suchuan "Steven"

    2006-01-01

    investigations, are given by Gerrard (1967), Roshko & Fiszdon (1969), McCroskey (1977), Unal & Rockwell (1988 velocimetry study of the turbulent near wake By S. DONG1 , G. E. KARNIADAKIS1 , A. EKM EKCI2 AND D. ROCKWELL2@dam.brown.edu #12;186 S. Dong, G. E. Karniadakis, A. Ekmekci and D. Rockwell Zdravkovich (1990), Szepessy & Bearman

  11. J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 560, pp. 123147. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112006000656 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wesfreid, José Eduardo

    2006-01-01

    ) and experimental works by Sarpkaya & Isaacson (1981), Carberry, Sheridan & Rockwell (2001) and Williamson & Roshko (1988). In the present work, the periodic forcing studied is an oscillating rotating motion around

  12. Homosexuality and the European Court of Human Rights: Recent Judgments Against the United Kingdom and Their Impact on Other Signatories to the European Convention of Human Rights

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dalvi, Sameera

    2004-01-01

    basically a compromise. J ANIS ET AL . , supra note 11, atsupra note 4, art. 39. 35. J ANIS ET AL . , supra note 11,supra note 4, art. 41. 37. J ANIS ET AL . , supra note 11,

  13. Oryx Vol 39 No 2 April 2005 2005 FFI, Oryx, 39(2), 164169 doi:10.1017/S0030605305000402 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murray, Martyn G.

    2 in 1995) and virtually eliminated in Russia (Bannikov et al., 1961; Lhagvasuren & Milner; Sampildendev, 2000). Recently, a moratorium was placed on large-scale harvesting for export, but widespread

  14. J. Fluid Mech. (2008), vol. 601, pp. 199227. c 2008 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112008000463 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heil, Matthias

    2008-01-01

    is driven through the system either by an applied pressure drop, or by a volumetric pump located at the far

  15. Euro. Jnl of Applied Mathematics (2008), vol. 19, pp. 607634. c 2008 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0956792508007687 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waters, Sarah

    2008-01-01

    as a two-dimensional channel containing a tissue construct through which a flow of culture medium is driven within a dynamic flow environment R. D. O'DEA 1 , S. L. WATERS 2 and H. M. BYRNE 1 1School 2008; first published online 14 August 2008) We study the growth of a tissue construct in a perfusion

  16. J. Fluid Mech. (2004), vol. 506, pp. 331355. c 2004 Cambridge University Press DOI: 10.1017/S0022112004008638 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huppert, Herbert

    2004-01-01

    enhances tidal variation, and estuaries such as that of the Severn are great (potential) sources of tidal power. #12;332 A. C. Slim and H. E. Huppert h, |u| Initial Middle Final t Figure 1. Qualitative

  17. J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 557, pp. 2961. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112006009475 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 557, pp. 29­61. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S fuel and capsule is a liability which provides considerable challenges in #12;30 D. J. Hill, C. Pantano

  18. J. Fluid Mech. (2007), vol. 582, pp. 341376. c 2007 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112007005903 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    2007-01-01

    J. Fluid Mech. (2007), vol. 582, pp. 341­376. c 2007 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S of this instability is performed. Effects of Reynolds number, the density ratio of ambient- to-jet fluid (S1), shear repeated for different fuel types (methane, propylene and propane), transitional and turbulent microgravity

  19. J. Fluid Mech. (2007), vol. 579, pp. 481492. c 2007 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112007005599 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchemin, Laurent

    2007-01-01

    (ICF) the high fuel density which is required for nuclear burning can be obtained by implodingJ. Fluid Mech. (2007), vol. 579, pp. 481­492. c 2007 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S model, called the sharp boundary model (SBM), consisting of two fluids of constant density separated

  20. J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 556, pp. 121146. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112006009463 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    of Physics, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark 3 Risø National Laboratory, Optics and Plasma Research Department

  1. The different urban efforts to revitalize urban neighborhoods in the United States and the United Kingdom: comparative case study based on governmental responses focusing on urban neighborhood revitalization 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ko, Youngho

    2008-10-10

    stream_source_info Ko Youngho.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 132275 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name Ko Youngho.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 THE DIFFERENT URBAN EFFORTS......................................................................... 3 II FORCES OF URBAN AND NEIGHBORHOOD CHANGE ............. 6 Demographic Change to Social Change......................................... 6 Causes of Urban Neighborhood Change........................................ 8 Stages...

  2. J. Fluid Mech. (2007), vol. 585, pp. 487497. c 2007 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112007007033 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brasseur, James G.

    2007-01-01

    Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853­7501, USA 2 Department of Mechanical & Nuclear Engineering-reduction technology to the boundary layer of ships and submarines, for example, includes mixing of the injected

  3. J. Fluid Mech. (2008), vol. 604, pp. 389409. c 2008 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112008001328 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahesh, Krishnan

    2008-01-01

    of important applications such as dilution holes in combustors, fuel injectors, pollutant dispersion from smoke of pulsing to control the mixing characteristics of jets in crossflow (e.g. Wu, Vakili & Yu 1988; Chang; Karagozian; Cortelezi & Soldati 2003). It is observed that pulsing the jet results in the formation of vortex

  4. J. Fluid Mech. (2004), vol. 516, pp. 335348. c 2004 Cambridge University Press DOI: 10.1017/S0022112004000758 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph, Daniel D.

    2004-01-01

    breaks because air enters the siphon tube. If the lowest pressure in the system at the top of the siphon falls below the vapour pressure, the siphon column will break; usually air enters before cavitation the cohesive forces of polymeric liquids which prevent the siphon column from breaking. The difference between

  5. J. Fluid Mech. (2008), vol. 606, pp. 75104. c 2008 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112008001572 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    J. Fluid Mech. (2008), vol. 606, pp. 75­104. c 2008 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S of the dimensionless hydraulic permeability of the Brinkman medium. The free motion of the neutrally buoyant sphere for several values of the dimensionless hydraulic permeability. The work is motivated by insights it offers

  6. J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 558, pp. 3352. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112006009839 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bush, John W.M.

    2006-01-01

    J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 558, pp. 33­52. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S hydraulic jump By JOHN W. M. BUS H1 , JEFFREY M. ARISTOFF1 AND A. E. HOSOI2 1 Department of Mathematics; Nonlinearity, vol. 12, 1999, p. 1) demonstrated that the axial symmetry of the circular hydraulic jump may

  7. J. Fluid Mech. (2009), vol. 633, pp. 285309. c 2009 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112009007034 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hogg, Andrew

    2009-01-01

    J. Fluid Mech. (2009), vol. 633, pp. 285­309. c 2009 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S conservation of mass and momentum across the shock and thus we show how the hydraulic jump moves within waves form, leading to hydraulic jumps, which translate throughout the domain. Such motions were

  8. J. Fluid Mech. (2002), vol. 452, pp. 199229. c 2002 Cambridge University Press DOI: 10.1017/S0022112001006917 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bristol, University of

    2002-01-01

    to the main flow. Second, we introduce a time dependence through transient acceleration­deceleration of a flat investigate two methods of transport enhancement in two-dimensional open cellular flows with inertia. First of the wall driving the flow; this perturbs the steady-state streamlines in the direction perpendicular

  9. The Lichenologist 40(5): 437448 (2008) 2008 British Lichen Society doi:10.1017/S0024282908006610 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herben, Tomas

    2008-01-01

    the response of the epiphytic lichen vegetation to sulphur air pollution is affected by interaction with other of the total number of lichen species per tree. In general, species sensitive to air pollution decreased, while that the effect of eutrophication (mainly increased bark pH) may ameliorate the effects of air pollution; a local

  10. J. Fluid Mech. (2009), vol. 633, pp. 115135. c 2009 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112009007460 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pouliquen, Olivier

    2009-01-01

    , for the acceleration of the layer and for the pore pressure. 1. Introduction Debris flows (Iverson 1997), landslides a fluid motion and a pore pressure gradient, which can in turn affect the deformation (Iverson et al. 2000 interactions. This coupling between the dilatancy and the pore pressure is called `pore pressure feedback

  11. Systematics and Biodiversity 1 (2): 139143 Issued 14 August 2003 DOI: 10.1017/S1477200003001178 Printed in the United Kingdom C The Natural History Museum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Donovan

    and the web Every so often taxonomy enters the mainstream of biological discussion (Bisby et al., 2002; Gewin described (Wilson, 2000). Second, the pace of progress towards completing the encyclopedia is too slow than delimiting and describing taxa. Finally, and perhaps more cogently, the reason the encyclopedia

  12. J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 556, pp. 147166. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112006009347 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dabiri, John O.

    2006-01-01

    Laboratories and Bioengineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA (Received 17) is used to measure the development of the ring vorticity and its eventual pinch off from the generating for the ring to obtain maximal circulation and pinch off from the generating jet, called the formation number

  13. J. Fluid Mech. (2008), vol. 598, pp. 335360. c 2008 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112007000055 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahesh, Krishnan

    2008-01-01

    , in a laminar crossflow. The ratio of the jet velocity to that of the crossflow is 5.7, the Schmidt number of the crossflow fluid by the jet. It is shown that the bulk of this entrainment occurs on the downstream side bent into the crossflow. The transverse jet's enhanced entrainment is explained in terms

  14. J. Fluid Mech. (2008), vol. 598, pp. 451464. c 2008 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112007009962 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    2008-01-01

    number based on the forced inflow is increased, a self-sustained crossflow instability of finite an inflectional velocity profile and an inviscid crossflow instability. Since the discovery of the exact (crossflow) and type II (viscous). A type III found in the spatial theory by Mack (1985) seems to transport

  15. J. Fluid Mech. (2008), vol. 611, pp. 205214. c 2008 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112008002851 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    2008-01-01

    : connecting attachment-line and crossflow modes CHRISTOPH J. MACK1 , PETER J. SCHMID2 AND J ¨ORN L. SESTERHENN characteristics of both attachment-line and crossflow modes. In particular, global eigenfunctions with smaller of attachment- line modes while still featuring strong crossflow vortices further downstream. This analysis

  16. J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 556, pp. 283308. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112006009633 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eggers, Jens

    2006-01-01

    ¨at Gesamthochschule Essen, Fachbereich Physik, 45117 Essen, Germany 3 Departamento de Ciencia e Ingenieria

  17. J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 569, pp. 128. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112006001911 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    swelling and its growth ­ is demonstrated in two analyses. First, a kinematic analysis results of Aeronautics and Astronautics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-2400, USA 2 Mechanical System analysis, using the equation of motion in the streamline coordinates, the negative azimuthal vorticity

  18. Robotica (2006) volume 00, pp. 12. 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0263574705002559 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yangmin

    2006-01-01

    for nanomanipulation Qingsong Xu and Yangmin Li Dept. of Electromechanical Engineering, Faculty of Science field, the most important motion used in such applications is translational rather than rotary motion affects the rotary limits of

  19. J. Fluid Mech. (2008), vol. 599, pp. 465476. c 2008 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112008000219 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huppert, Herbert

    2008-01-01

    -crystal superalloys. These materials are used, for example, to produce turbine blades that are resistant to creep and mechanical failure under the extremely demanding conditions found in modern turbojet engines. In directional below the eutectic temperature of the alloy. In carefully designed systems an entire turbine blade can

  20. Conceptualisations of citizenship in Sweden and the United Kingdom: an empirical study and analysis of how ‘citizenship’ is understood in policy and by policy-makers. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McIver, Scott Iain

    2010-01-01

    This empirical study identifies and analyses what conceptualisations of citizenship emerge in policy thinking around naturalisation and how these conceptualisations have been articulated in citizenship policy and by ...

  1. J. Fluid Mech. (2007), vol. 591, pp. 97116. c 2007 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112007007732 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolster, Diogo

    2007-01-01

    , the USA is the largest per capita consumer of energy in the world, but long-term forecasts to 2025 project buoyant economies will boost demand. Furthermore the US Energy Information Administration states that energy use in developing countries is forecast to soar by 91% over the next two decades, while

  2. Journal of Tropical Ecology (2006) 22:431440. Copyright 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0266467406003221 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rey Benayas, José María

    2006-01-01

    Williams-Linera2 and Jos´e Mar´ia Rey Benayas Departamento de Ecolog´ia Funcional, Instituto de Ecolog (anemochorous) and Myrsine coriacea (endozoochorous) did not differ in their rate of colonization between an important role as a source of propagules for the colonization of aban- doned fields. In tropical forests

  3. Epidemiol. Infect. (1998), 121, 227236. Printed in the United Kingdom # 1998 Cambridge University Press At-risk individuals in Feline Immunodeficiency Virus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Courchamp, Franck

    1998-01-01

    approach in a natural population of domestic cats (Felis catus) F. COURCHAMP"*, N. G. YOCCOZ", M. ARTOIS 50 Florida panthers, Felis concolor coryi, is infected [9]. Further risk is that some threatened populations of wild felids are in close contact with infected domestic cats (e.g. Felis silvestris in Europe

  4. J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 569, pp. 365398. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112006002977 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidorov, Nikita

    2006-01-01

    -surface flows. In steady-state, the segregation­remixing equation reduces to a logistic type equation and the `S examples are investigated in which the initial concentration is (i) homogeneous, (ii) reverse graded

  5. J. Fluid Mech. (2002), vol. 462, pp. 365382. c 2002 Cambridge University Press DOI: 10.1017/S0022112002008704 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ji, Hantao

    2002-01-01

    in the inviscid limit. The viscous marginal system is of tenth order; an eighth-order approximation previously conditions. They are predicted with surprising accuracy by WKB methods even for the largest-scale mode. We such as gallium. 1. Introduction To an even greater extent than large-scale terrestrial flows, astrophysical flows

  6. J. Fluid Mech. (2009), vol. 619, pp. 4578. c 2008 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112008004382 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bush, John W.M.

    2009-01-01

    AND JOHN W. M. BUS H Department of Mathematics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 the evolution of the cavity shape and yields an analytical solution for the pinch-off time in the zero Bond number limit. The sphere's depth at cavity pinch-off is also computed in the low Weber number, quasi

  7. J. Fluid Mech. (2007), vol. 580, pp. 451466. c 2007 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112007005721 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dimitrakopoulos, Panagiotis

    2007-01-01

    Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA (Received 22 July 2006 and in revised form 31 operations in the chemical process industry. Our interest in the problem focuses on viscous flows at low and biological systems. In the coating industry, the presence of small liquid droplets or gas bubbles on solid

  8. Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Glass Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Worrell, Ernst

    2008-01-01

    thus achieving the best energy efficiency and lower airUnited Kingdom. Energy Efficiency Best Practice Programme (United Kingdom. Energy Efficiency Best Practice Programme (

  9. A Continuous Solar Thermochemical Hydrogen Production Plant Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luc, Wesley Wai

    transport of gaseous mixtures containing ammonia and was labeled NH3-COLD.transport of gaseous mixtures containing ammonia and were labeled NH3-HOT, NH3HOT1, and NH3 COLD.

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    2008-01-01

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    Zambrini, Roberta

    . Barnett SUPA, Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0NG, United Kingdom (Received

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  17. --No Title--

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    | Month | | | Persian | Total | Non | United | | Gulf(1) | OPEC(2) | OPEC | Kingdom | Venezuela| | | ||||| 1978...

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    | Month | | | Persian | Total | Non | United | | Gulf(1) | OPEC(2) | OPEC | Kingdom | Venezuela | | | |||||...

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    crystallographic and mass spectroscopic approaches (21). 4 N O N H NH 2 N S NH 2 N N O NH 2 O OH NH 2 OH N H O O NH 2 N O O OH N NH F OO NH 2 NH 2 OH OO OH OH OH NH 2 OH OH NH 2 OH H O O O O O NH O OH OH OH N N N OH OH MeO NH OH N H OH Isoniazid... the drug target - proton ATP synthase, which is a key enzyme for ATP synthesis (38). N Br OH OH N N O O OH F N N H ON N O CF 3 O 2 N O O O O O NH O OH OH OH OH MeO N O OH N N Rifalazil Niroimidazolepyran Diarylquinoline Moxifloxacin Figure 2...

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    Maier, John Paul

    = 2Y8) have been measured in the circumstellar enve- lope of the carbon-rich star IRC þ10216 the circumstellar envelopes of IRC þ10216 and CRL 2688 (Gue´lin et al. 1986; Kawaguchi et al. 1993; Anderson & Ziurys 1994, 1995a). Both molecules are present in the outer shell of IRC þ10216, where temperatures (T

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    2008-01-01

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    . Introduction Due to the increasing demand for efficient and nonpolluting energy alternatives to conventional alkaline fuel cells require COx-free hydrogen. Conventional hydrogen production technologies such as steam reforming, partial oxidation, and autothermal reforming of hydrocarbons produce large amounts of COx

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    2004-09-30

    .................................................................................... 17 4.1 Overview of the experimental system......................................................... 17 4.2 Source of simulated exhaust gas................................................................. 17 4.3 Mass flow................................................................. 48 7. SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ..................................... 52 REFERENCES?????????????????????????????.. 54 APPENDIX 1 CALIBRATION OF MASS FLOW CONTROLLERS................................. 57 APPENDIX 2...

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    2008-01-01

    2005) (civil union); New Hampshire: N.H. Rev. Stat. §457-A (Rev. Code c.26.60§1101 New Hampshire: N.H. Rev. Stat. §457-Stat. §46b-44 (2005); New Hampshire: N.H. Rev. Stat. §458:

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    Maryland at College Park, University of

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    architectures cannot be miniaturized. Specifically, tank circuits with Q's greater than 100 have not been of IC-compatible micromachining technologies that yield micro-scale, high-Q tank compo- nents may now, represent one simple example of this. Mixer-filter devices are yet another.) This talk explores the above

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    PRECIPITATED FROM SUBDUCTION-DERIVED FLUIDS IN THE KOHISTAN ARC-MANTLE (PAKISTAN) Pierre BOUiLHOL§,* and JeanWOOd Pakistan Museum of Natural History, Garden Avenue-Shakarparian, 44 000 Islamabad, Pakistan a-olivine-bearing veins in the mantle rocks of the Kohistan Paleo-Island Arc (North Pakistan) contain some of the best gem

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    as if there is a systematic plan to expel low-income and unwanted populations from the face of the earth.'' David Harvey (2010. Displacement involves the re- moval of a basic human need (shelter) upon which people depend absolutely

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    2012-01-01

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    2012-01-01

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    at the following museums for their support and assistance: Kalmar L?ns Museum (Kalmar, Sweden), Vasa Museum (Stockholm, Sweden), National Maritime Museum (London, England, United Kingdom), Portsmouth Historic Dockyard (Portsmouth, England, United Kingdom...

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