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  1. Good Energies (United Kingdom) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energies (United Kingdom) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Good Energies (United Kingdom) Name: Good Energies (United Kingdom) Address: 2-5 Old Bond Street Place: London, United...

  2. 12 Voltz Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Limited Place: Cumbria, United Kingdom Zip: LA8 9NH Sector: Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind energy Product: Selling and delivering broad range of advanced energy generating...

  3. Kingdom Community Wind | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name Kingdom Community Wind Facility Kingdom Community Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Green Mountain...

  4. Category:Concord, NH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. SVFullServiceRestaurant Concord NH Public Service Co of NH.png SVFullServiceRestauran... 74 KB SVHospital Concord NH Public...

  5. United Kingdom Low Carbon Transition Plan | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Low Carbon Transition Plan Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: United Kingdom Low Carbon Transition Plan AgencyCompany Organization: United Kingdom...

  6. Nuclear Decommissioning Authority of the United Kingdom NDA ...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Decommissioning Authority of the United Kingdom NDA Jump to: navigation, search Name: Nuclear Decommissioning Authority of the United Kingdom (NDA) Place: Cumbria, England, United...

  7. BeyWatch (Smart Grid Project) (United Kingdom) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    United Kingdom) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name BeyWatch Country United Kingdom Coordinates 55.378052, -3.435973 Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"goog...

  8. Dursley, United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    United Kingdom. Registered Energy Companies in Dursley, United Kingdom Hermes Energy Services Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleDursley,United...

  9. United Kingdom Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: United Kingdom Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC) Name: United Kingdom Department for...

  10. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- R Brew Co - NH 01

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Brew Co - NH 01 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: R. BREW CO. (NH.01 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Concord , New Hampshire NH.01-1 Evaluation Year: 1994 NH.01-2 Site Operations: Conducted vacuum furnace tests using uranium and copper billets. NH.01-1 NH.01-3 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination remote NH.01-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium NH.01-1

  11. Brighton, United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name Brighton, United Kingdom Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2654710 Coordinates 50.82838, -0.13947 Show Map Loading map......

  12. Norwich, United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    United Kingdom: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2641181 Coordinates 52.62783, 1.29834 Show Map Loading map......

  13. Tonbridge, United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tonbridge, United Kingdom: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Tonbridge, England Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2635703 Coordinates 51.19242, 0.27532 Show...

  14. Leeds, United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Leeds, United Kingdom: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2644688 Coordinates The following coordinate was not recognized: 53.79648 ...

  15. Measurement and Modeling of Spatial NH3 Storage Distributions...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Measurement and Modeling of Spatial NH3 Storage Distributions in a Commercial Small Port Cu Zeolite Urea SCR Catalyst A modified Spaci-IR technique can measure transient NH3 and ...

  16. Oxford, United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Oxford is a city in the United Kingdom. Registered Research Institutions in Oxford, United...

  17. Brighton, United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (Redirected from Brighton, UK) Jump to: navigation, search Name Brighton, United Kingdom Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2654710 Coordinates 50.82838, -0.13947 Show Map...

  18. Public Service Co of NH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EversourceNH Outage Hotline: 800-662-7764 Outage Map: www.eversource.comContentgen Green Button Access: Implemented Green Button Landing Page: www.psnh.comSaveEnergyMo...

  19. U.S. Department of Energy Welcomes the United Kingdom as 21st Member of the

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Global Nuclear Energy Partnership | Department of Energy Welcomes the United Kingdom as 21st Member of the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership U.S. Department of Energy Welcomes the United Kingdom as 21st Member of the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership January 26, 2008 - 11:29am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC -The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today welcomed the United Kingdom (UK) as the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership's (GNEP) twenty-first partner. GNEP, a voluntary international partnership,

  20. Selective Catalytic Oxidation (SCO) of NH3 to N2 for Hot Exhaust...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Oxidation (SCO) of NH3 to N2 for Hot Exhaust Treatment Selective Catalytic Oxidation (SCO) of NH3 to N2 for Hot Exhaust Treatment Investigation of a series of transition metal...

  1. United States-United Kingdom Collaboration on Fossil Energy R&D |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Services » International Cooperation » United States-United Kingdom Collaboration on Fossil Energy R&D United States-United Kingdom Collaboration on Fossil Energy R&D U.S.-UK Collaboration in Fossil Energy R&D The United States and the United Kingdom are participating in a multi-year collaboration on advanced materials supported by the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The collaboration is an

  2. ,"Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to United Kingdom (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2016 11:48:55 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to United Kingdom (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0ERENUS-NUKMMCF"...

  3. Array-type NH.sub.3 sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    West, David Lawrence; Montgomery, Frederick Charles; Armstrong, Timothy R; Warmack, Robert J

    2013-12-31

    An array-type sensor that senses NH.sub.3 includes non-Nernstian sensing elements constructed from metal and/or metal-oxide electrodes on an O.sub.2 ion conducting substrate. In one example sensor, one electrode may be made of platinum, another electrode may be made of manganese (III) oxide (Mn.sub.2O.sub.3), and another electrode may be made of tungsten trioxide (WO.sub.3). Some sensing elements may further include an electrode made of La.sub.0.6Sr.sub.0.4Co.sub.0.2Fe.sub0.8O.sub.3 and another electrode made of LaCr.sub.0.95.Mg.sub.0.05O.sub.3.

  4. Hollow-fiber gas-membrane process for removal of NH{sub 3} from solution of NH{sub 3} and CO{sub 2}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Qin, Y.; Cabral, J.M.S.; Wang, S.

    1996-07-01

    A hollow-fiber supported gas membrane process for the separation of NH{sub 3} from aqueous solutions containing both NH{sub 3} and CO{sub 2} was investigated theoretically and experimentally. A lumen laminar flow and radial diffusion model was applied to calculate the membrane wall transfer coefficient from the data stripping a single volatile component, NH{sub 3} or CO{sub 2}, from their individual aqueous solutions. Influence of the type of membranes and operating conditions on mass-transfer rate were discussed, especially the influence of the membrane transfer coefficient on the film mass-transfer coefficient in the lumen. Appropriate configurations of the hollow-fiber modules for stripping of a single component were analyzed to optimize mass transfer. To predict the stripping of NH{sub 3} from a solution containing NH{sub 3} and CO{sub 2}, a mathematical model incorporating local chemical equilibria and Nernst-Planck diffusion was developed to describe the mass transport. The models described the experimental data fairly well. The experimental results showed that the supported gas membrane process can be used to remove NH{sub 3} effectively from aqueous media containing NH{sub 3} and CO{sub 2}.

  5. Measurement and Modeling of Spatial NH3 Storage Distributions in a

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Commercial Small Port Cu Zeolite Urea SCR Catalyst | Department of Energy Modeling of Spatial NH3 Storage Distributions in a Commercial Small Port Cu Zeolite Urea SCR Catalyst Measurement and Modeling of Spatial NH3 Storage Distributions in a Commercial Small Port Cu Zeolite Urea SCR Catalyst A modified Spaci-IR technique can measure transient NH3 and NOx concentrations; data have been used to calibrate and validate an SCR model, with good agreement between experiments and simulations. PDF

  6. Modeling Study of SCR/PGM Interactions in NH3 Slip Catalysts | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Energy Study of SCR/PGM Interactions in NH3 Slip Catalysts Modeling Study of SCR/PGM Interactions in NH3 Slip Catalysts The focus of this research is on the optimization of NH3 slip catalyst performance by simulating the behavior of different SCR/PGM configurations. PDF icon p-19_nova.pdf More Documents & Publications Experimental and Modelling Study of the Effect of Diffusional Limitations on the NH3 SCR Activity Selective ammonia slip catalyst enabling highly efficient NOx removal

  7. EA-1801: Granite Reliable Power Wind Park Project in Coos County, NH |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Department of Energy 01: Granite Reliable Power Wind Park Project in Coos County, NH EA-1801: Granite Reliable Power Wind Park Project in Coos County, NH June 25, 2010 EA-1801: Final Environmental Impact Granite Reliable Power Wind Project, Coos County, New Hampshire July 23, 2010 EA-1801: Finding of No Significant Impact Granite Reliable Power Wind Project, Coos County, New Hampshire

  8. Price Liquefied Freeport, TX Natural Gas Exports Price to United Kingdom

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) United Kingdom (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price Liquefied Freeport, TX Natural Gas Exports Price to United Kingdom (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's 7.56 -- -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 02/29/2016 Next Release Date: 03/31/2016 Referring

  9. Sabine Pass, LA Exports to United kingdom Liquefied Natural Gas (Million

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) United kingdom Liquefied Natural Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Sabine Pass, LA Exports to United kingdom Liquefied Natural Gas (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 2,862 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 02/29/2016 Next Release Date: 03/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports by Point of Exit Sabine Pass, LA Liquefied

  10. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to United Kingdom (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    United Kingdom (Million Cubic Feet) Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to United Kingdom (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2010 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3,379 6,206 2011 2,862 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 02/29/2016 Next Release Date: 03/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports by Point of Exit U.S. Liquefied

  11. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to United Kingdom (Million Cubic

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Feet) United Kingdom (Million Cubic Feet) Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to United Kingdom (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2010 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3,379 6,206 2011 2,862 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2012 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2014 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2015 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

  12. Simulation of an Ar/NH{sub 3} low pressure magnetized direct current discharge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li Zhi [School of Science, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Anshan 114051 (China); School of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Zhao Zhen [School of Chemistry and Life Science, Anshan Normal University, Anshan 114007 (China); School of Chemical Engineering, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Anshan 114051 (China); Li Xuehui [Physiccal Science and Technical College, Dalian University, Dalian 116622 (China)

    2013-01-15

    A two-dimensional fluid model has been used to investigate the properties of plasma in an Ar/NH{sub 3} low pressure magnetized direct current discharge. We compared the simulation results with the theoretical and experimental results of the other gas discharge in which the magnetic field is considered. Results that obtained using this method are in good agreement with literature. The simulation results show that the positive ammonia ion density follows the positive argon ion density. The Ar{sub 2}{sup +} density is slightly higher than the Ar{sup +} density at 100 mTorr. The largest ammonia ion is NH{sub 3}{sup +} ion, followed by NH{sub 2}{sup +}, NH{sub 4}{sup +}, and NH{sup +} ions. The contribution of NH{sup +} ions to the density of the positive ammonia ions is marginal. The influence of pressure on the plasma discharge has been studied by simulation, and the mechanisms have been discussed. The average plasma density increases as pressure increased. The plasma density appears to be more inhomogeneous than that at the lower pressure. The ratio of charge particles changed as pressure increased. The Ar{sup +} density is slightly higher than the Ar{sub 2}{sup +} density as the pressure increased. It makes NH{sub 4}{sup +} ratio increase as pressure increased. It shows that the electron temperature drops with rising pressure by numerical calculation.

  13. NH3-Selective Catalytic Reduction over Ag/Al2O3 Catalysts | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy -Selective Catalytic Reduction over Ag/Al2O3 Catalysts NH3-Selective Catalytic Reduction over Ag/Al2O3 Catalysts DRIFT spectroscopy used together with flow reactor experiments to investigate the role of H2 for SCR over Ag/Al2O3 PDF icon deer12_tamm.pdf More Documents & Publications Progress on Acidic Zirconia Mixed Oxides for Efficient NH3-SCR Catalysis Experimental and Modelling Study of the Effect of Diffusional Limitations on the NH3 SCR Activity Development of Optimal Catalyst

  14. NH3 generation over commercial Three-Way Catalysts and Lean-NOx...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    generation over commercial Three-Way Catalysts and Lean-NOx Traps NH3 generation over commercial Three-Way Catalysts and Lean-NOx Traps Research to identify most promising...

  15. NH3 generation over commercial Three-Way Catalysts and Lean-NOx Traps

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Research to identify most promising catalytic formulations and operation for the in-situ generation of NH3, storage on a downstream SCR catalyst, and utilized to reduce the remaining NOx

  16. Selective Catalytic Oxidation (SCO) of NH3 to N2 for Hot Exhaust Treatment

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    | Department of Energy Oxidation (SCO) of NH3 to N2 for Hot Exhaust Treatment Selective Catalytic Oxidation (SCO) of NH3 to N2 for Hot Exhaust Treatment Investigation of a series of transition metal oxides and precious metal based catalysts for ammonia selective oxidation at low temperatures PDF icon deer12_thrun.pdf More Documents & Publications Deactivation Mechanisms of Base Metal/Zeolite Urea Selective Catalytic Reduction Materials, and Development of Zeolite-Based Hydrocarbon

  17. Spatiotemporal Distribution of NOx Storage: a Factor Controlling NH3 and

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    N2O Selectivities over a Commercial LNT Catalyst | Department of Energy Spatiotemporal Distribution of NOx Storage: a Factor Controlling NH3 and N2O Selectivities over a Commercial LNT Catalyst Spatiotemporal Distribution of NOx Storage: a Factor Controlling NH3 and N2O Selectivities over a Commercial LNT Catalyst Evaluation of commercial Ba-based LNT (CLEERS benchmark catalyst; containing oxygen storage capacity) in a bench flow reactor under fast-cycling conditions, varying reductant type,

  18. Study of On-Board Ammonia (NH3) Generation for SCR Operation | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Energy Study of On-Board Ammonia (NH3) Generation for SCR Operation Study of On-Board Ammonia (NH3) Generation for SCR Operation The feasibility of on-board ammonia generation was examined using synthesized exhaust compositions PDF icon deer09_wong.pdf More Documents & Publications On-Board Ammonia Generation Using Delphi Diesel Fuel Reformer Delphi On-board Ammonia Generation (OAG) Reductant Utilization in a LNT + SCR System

  19. Numerical analysis of a mixture of Ar/NH{sub 3} microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li Zhi [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); School of Science, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Anshan 114051 (China); Zhao Zhen [Chemistry Department, Anshan Normal University, Anshan 114007 (China); School of Chemical Engineering, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Anshan 114051 (China); Li Xuehui [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Physical Science and Technical College, Dalian University, Dalian 116622 (China)

    2012-06-01

    A two-dimensional fluid model has been used to investigate the properties of plasma in Ar/NH{sub 3} microwave electron cyclotron resonance discharge at low pressure. The electromagnetic field model solved by the three-dimensional Simpson method is coupled to a fluid plasma model. The finite difference method was employed to discrete the governing equations. 40 species (neutrals, radicals, ions, and electrons) are consisted in the model. In total, 75 electron-neutral, 43 electron-ion, 167 neutral-neutral, 129 ion-neutral, 28 ion-ion, and 90 3-body reactions are used in the model. According to the simulation, the distribution of the densities of the considered plasma species has been showed and the mechanisms of their variations have been discussed. It is found that the main neutrals (Ar*, Ar**, NH{sub 3}{sup *}, NH, H{sub 2}, NH{sub 2}, H, and N{sub 2}) are present at high densities in Ar/NH{sub 3} microwave electron cyclotron resonance discharge when the mixing ratio of Ar/NH{sub 3} is 1:1 at 20 Pa. The density of NH is more than that of NH{sub 2} atom. And NH{sub 3}{sup +} are the most important ammonia ions. But the uniformity of the space distribution of NH{sub 3}{sup +} is lower than the other ammonia ions.

  20. EA-1123: Transfer of Normal and Low-Enriched Uranium Billets to the United Kingdom, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposal to transfer approximately 710,000 kilograms (1,562,000 pounds) of unneeded normal and low-enriched uranium to the United Kingdom; thus,...

  1. Photolysis of solid NH{sub 3} and NH{sub 3}-H{sub 2}O mixtures at 193 nm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loeffler, M. J.; Baragiola, R. A.

    2010-12-07

    We have studied UV photolysis of solid ammonia and ammonia-dihydrate samples at 40 K, using infrared spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, and microgravimetry. We have shown that in the pure NH{sub 3} sample, the main species ejected are NH{sub 3}, H{sub 2}, and N{sub 2}, where the hydrogen and nitrogen increase with laser fluence. This increase in N{sub 2} ejection with laser fluence explains the increase in mass loss rate detected by a microbalance. In contrast, for the ammonia-water mixture, we see very weak signals of H{sub 2} and N{sub 2} in the mass spectrometer, consistent with the very small mass loss during the experiment and with a <5% decrease in the NH{sub 3} infrared absorption bands spectroscopy after a fluence of {approx}3 x 10{sup 19} photons/cm{sup 2}. The results imply that ammonia-ice mixtures in the outer solar system are relatively stable under solar irradiation.

  2. A Review & Assessment of Current Operating Conditions Allowable Stresses in ASME Section III Subsection NH

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    R. W. Swindeman

    2009-12-14

    The current operating condition allowable stresses provided in ASME Section III, Subsection NH were reviewed for consistency with the criteria used to establish the stress allowables and with the allowable stresses provided in ASME Section II, Part D. It was found that the S{sub o} values in ASME III-NH were consistent with the S values in ASME IID for the five materials of interest. However, it was found that 0.80 S{sub r} was less than S{sub o} for some temperatures for four of the materials. Only values for alloy 800H appeared to be consistent with the criteria on which S{sub o} values are established. With the intent of undertaking a more detailed evaluation of issues related to the allowable stresses in ASME III-NH, the availabilities of databases for the five materials were reviewed and augmented databases were assembled.

  3. Progress on Acidic Zirconia Mixed Oxides for Efficient NH3-SCR Catalysis |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Acidic Zirconia Mixed Oxides for Efficient NH3-SCR Catalysis Progress on Acidic Zirconia Mixed Oxides for Efficient NH3-SCR Catalysis Details progress on non-zeolitic zirconia-based mixed oxides as promising new SCR catalyst materials and results of engine bench testing of full-size SCR prototype confirms Details progress on non-zeolitic zirconia-based mixed oxides as promising new SCR catalyst materials and results of engine bench testing of full-size SCR prototype

  4. Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy March 19, 2010 - 4:17pm Addthis New Hampshire has a plan to lower expenses and create jobs, all while conserving energy. In all, the state has received $17.3 million in Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) funding. Of that, $9.6 million has been sent to the New Hampshire Office of Energy and Planning (NHOEP) to launch several energy saving projects. NHOEP established a subgrant program to award

  5. Evaluation of NH3-SCR Catalyst Technology on a 250-kW Stationary Diesel

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Genset | Department of Energy NH3-SCR Catalyst Technology on a 250-kW Stationary Diesel Genset Evaluation of NH3-SCR Catalyst Technology on a 250-kW Stationary Diesel Genset 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations and Posters PDF icon 2005_deer_malyala.pdf More Documents & Publications Two Catalyst Formulations - One Solution for NOx After-treatment Systems Engine and Reactor Evaluations of HC-SCR for Diesel NOx Reduction Development of Optimal Catalyst

  6. Development of ADECS to Meet 2010 Emission Levels: Optimization of NOx, NH3

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Fuel Consumption Using High and Low Engine-Out NOx Calibrations | Department of Energy ADECS to Meet 2010 Emission Levels: Optimization of NOx, NH3 and Fuel Consumption Using High and Low Engine-Out NOx Calibrations Development of ADECS to Meet 2010 Emission Levels: Optimization of NOx, NH3 and Fuel Consumption Using High and Low Engine-Out NOx Calibrations Development and validation of a simple strategy-based technique using four engine parameters to minimize emissions and fuel

  7. KINGDOM BY DTlE ATOMIC UNITED ESERG Y,AljTHORK'Y

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    RECE I v E 0 KINGDOM BY DTlE ATOMIC UNITED ESERG Y,AljTHORK'Y AWRE 'REPGRT Some Seismic Results of the US GASGUGGY and RULISON Underground Nuclcai Explosions a J. Corbishley D. -PROPERTV OF * U. S. GOVERNMENT . . ORDER FROM - . . - - - I - 1 @ UNITED KlNGOGFi ATOMIC: CNERGY AUTkOF;I'TY-!S70 Enquiries about copyright and rep:odlrcmn should be acdresjcd to :he Head of Technical Services, A.W.R.E., Aldtrrnaj:on, Berkshire, Eng!.'-nd. I J i . .. , .. . -. - . . . . . - - A - .. - . A _ _ 6 United

  8. Theoretical investigation of HNgNH{sub 3}{sup +} ions (Ng = He, Ne, Ar, Kr, and Xe)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gao, Kunqi; Sheng, Li

    2015-04-14

    The equilibrium geometries, harmonic frequencies, and dissociation energies of HNgNH{sub 3}{sup +} ions (Ng = He, Ne, Ar, Kr, and Xe) were investigated using the following method: Becke-3-parameter-Lee-Yang-Parr (B3LYP), Boese-Matrin for Kinetics (BMK), second-order Mller-Plesset perturbation theory (MP2), and coupled-cluster with single and double excitations as well as perturbative inclusion of triples (CCSD(T)). The results indicate that HHeNH{sub 3}{sup +}, HArNH{sub 3}{sup +}, HKrNH{sub 3}{sup +}, and HXeNH{sub 3}{sup +} ions are metastable species that are protected from decomposition by high energy barriers, whereas the HNeNH{sub 3}{sup +} ion is unstable because of its relatively small energy barrier for decomposition. The bonding nature of noble-gas atoms in HNgNH{sub 3}{sup +} was also analyzed using the atoms in molecules approach, natural energy decomposition analysis, and natural bond orbital analysis.

  9. 2010 MARINE MICROBES GORDON RESEARCH CONFERENCE (JULY 4-9, 2010 - TILTON SCHOOL, TILTON NH)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David Kirchman

    2010-04-09

    Marine microbes include representatives from all three kingdoms of life and collectively carry out virtually all forms of metabolisms found on the planet. Because of this metabolic and genetic diversity, these microbes mediate many of the reactions making up global biogeochemical cycles which govern the flow of energy and material in the biosphere. The goal of this conference is to bring together approaches and concepts from studies of microbial evolution, genomics, ecology, and oceanography in order to gain new insights into marine microbes and their biogeochemical functions. The integration of scales, from genes to global cycles, will result in a better understanding of marine microbes and of their contribution to the carbon cycle and other biogeochemical processes.

  10. Structural transitions of ternary imide Li{sub 2}Mg(NH){sub 2} for hydrogen storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liang, C.; Gao, M. X.; Pan, H. G. Liu, Y. F.

    2014-08-25

    Phase transitions and energetic properties of Li{sub 2}Mg(NH){sub 2} with different crystal structures are investigated by experiments and first-principles calculations. The Li{sub 2}Mg(NH){sub 2} with the primitive cubic and orthorhombic structure is obtained by dynamically dehydrogenating a Mg(NH{sub 2}){sub 2}-2LiH mixture up to 280?C under an initial vacuum and 9.0?bars H{sub 2}, respectively. It is found that the obtained orthorhombic Li{sub 2}Mg(NH){sub 2} is converted to a primitive cubic structure as the dehydrogenation temperature is further increased to 400?C or performed by a 36?h of high-energetic ball milling. Moreover, the primitive cubic phase can be converted to an orthorhombic phase after heating at 280?C under 9.0?bars H{sub 2} for 1?h. Thermodynamic calculations show that the orthorhombic phase is the ground state structure of Li{sub 2}Mg(NH){sub 2}. The mechanism for phase transitions of Li{sub 2}Mg(NH){sub 2} is also discussed from the angle of energy.

  11. Effects of reactant rotational excitations on H{sub 2} + NH{sub 2} → H + NH{sub 3} reactivity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Song, Hongwei; Guo, Hua

    2014-12-28

    Rotational mode specificity of the title reaction is examined using an initial state selected time-dependent wave packet method on an accurate ab initio based global potential energy surface. This penta-atomic reaction presents an ideal system to test several dynamical approximations, which might be useful for future quantum dynamics studies of polyatomic reactions, particularly with rotationally excited reactants. The first approximation involves a seven-dimensional (7D) model in which the two non-reactive N–H bonds are fixed at their equilibrium geometry. The second is the centrifugal sudden (CS) approximation within the 7D model. Finally, the J-shifting (JS) model is tested, again with the fixed N–H bonds. The spectator-bond approximation works very well in the energy range studied, while the centrifugal sudden and J-shifting integral cross sections (ICSs) agree satisfactorily with the coupled-channel counterparts in the low collision energy range, but deviate at the high energies. The calculated integral cross sections indicate that the rotational excitation of H{sub 2} somewhat inhibits the reaction while the rotational excitations of NH{sub 2} have little effect. These findings are compared with the predictions of the sudden vector projection model. Finally, a simple model is proposed to predict rotational mode specificity using K-averaged reaction probabilities.

  12. The thermal decomposition of NH{sub 2}OH and subsequent reactions : ab initio transition state theory and reflected shock tube experiments.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klippenstein, S. J.; Harding, L. B.; Ruscic, B.; Sivaramakrishnan, R.; Srinivasan, N. K.; Su, M.-C.; Michael, J. V.; Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division; Sonoma State Univ.

    2009-01-01

    Primary and secondary reactions involved in the thermal decomposition of NH{sub 2}OH are studied with a combination of shock tube experiments and transition state theory based theoretical kinetics. This coupled theory and experiment study demonstrates the utility of NH{sub 2}OH as a high temperature source of OH radicals. The reflected shock technique is employed in the determination of OH radical time profiles via multipass electronic absorption spectrometry. O-atoms are searched for with atomic resonance absorption spectrometry. The experiments provide a direct measurement of the rate coefficient, k{sub 1}, for the thermal decomposition of NH{sub 2}OH. Secondary rate measurements are obtained for the NH{sub 2} + OH (5a) and NH{sub 2}OH + OH (6a) abstraction reactions. The experimental data are obtained for temperatures in the range from 1355 to 1889 K and are well represented by the respective rate expressions: log[k/(cm{sup 3} molecule{sup -1} s{sup -1})] = (?10.12 {+-} 0.20) + (?6793 {+-} 317 K/T) (k{sub 1}); log[k/(cm{sup 3} molecule{sup -1} s{sup -1})] = (?10.00 {+-} 0.06) + (?879 {+-} 101 K/T) (k{sub 5a}); log[k/(cm{sup 3} molecule{sup -1} s{sup -1})] = (?9.75 {+-} 0.08) + (?1248 {+-} 123 K/T) (k{sub 6a}). Theoretical predictions are made for these rate coefficients as well for the reactions of NH{sub 2}OH + NH{sub 2}, NH{sub 2}OH + NH, NH + OH, NH{sub 2} + NH{sub 2}, NH{sub 2} + NH, and NH + NH, each of which could be of secondary importance in NH{sub 2}OH thermal decomposition. The theoretical analyses employ a combination of ab initio transition state theory and master equation simulations. Comparisons between theory and experiment are made where possible. Modest adjustments of predicted barrier heights (i.e., by 2 kcal/mol or less) generally yield good agreement between theory and experiment. The rate coefficients obtained here should be of utility in modeling NO{sub x} in various combustion environments.

  13. Increasing biogas yield of rural biogas digester by addition of NH/sub 4/HCO/sub 3/

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun, G.C.; Chen, G.Q.; Chen, M.; Liu, K.X.; Zhou, S.Y.

    1983-12-01

    By addition of 0.3% NH/sub 4/HCO/sub 3/ instead of animal manure into rural biogas digester in which the rotted rice straw was the major feedstock, the biogas yield doubled in comparison with the check digester (0.1 m/sup 3//m/sup 3//d) and the fertility of NH/sub 4/HCO/sub 3/ did not decrease because of biogas fermentation. Many digesters have been built in China. But, owing to the problems of improper management, unsuitable influent mixing, etc., neither digesters nor feedstock were fully utilized. In order to solve these problems, adding NH/sub 4/HCO/sub 3/ into digester instead of animal manure was tried. Its results showed that the suitable C/N ratio of influent mixing was obtained, the fertility of effluent went up, and biogas producing rate increased. The concentration of NH/sub 4/HCO/sub 3/ is 0.2-0.6%, but the optimal is 0.3%.

  14. Update and Improve Subsection NH –– Alternative Simplified Creep-Fatigue Design Methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tai Asayama

    2009-10-26

    This report described the results of investigation on Task 10 of DOE/ASME Materials NGNP/Generation IV Project based on a contract between ASME Standards Technology, LLC (ASME ST-LLC) and Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). Task 10 is to Update and Improve Subsection NH -- Alternative Simplified Creep-Fatigue Design Methods. Five newly proposed promising creep-fatigue evaluation methods were investigated. Those are (1) modified ductility exhaustion method, (2) strain range separation method, (3) approach for pressure vessel application, (4) hybrid method of time fraction and ductility exhaustion, and (5) simplified model test approach. The outlines of those methods are presented first, and predictability of experimental results of these methods is demonstrated using the creep-fatigue data collected in previous Tasks 3 and 5. All the methods (except the simplified model test approach which is not ready for application) predicted experimental results fairly accurately. On the other hand, predicted creep-fatigue life in long-term regions showed considerable differences among the methodologies. These differences come from the concepts each method is based on. All the new methods investigated in this report have advantages over the currently employed time fraction rule and offer technical insights that should be thought much of in the improvement of creep-fatigue evaluation procedures. The main points of the modified ductility exhaustion method, the strain range separation method, the approach for pressure vessel application and the hybrid method can be reflected in the improvement of the current time fraction rule. The simplified mode test approach would offer a whole new advantage including robustness and simplicity which are definitely attractive but this approach is yet to be validated for implementation at this point. Therefore, this report recommends the following two steps as a course of improvement of NH based on newly proposed creep-fatigue evaluation methodologies. The first step is to modify the current approach by incorporating the partial advantages the new method offer, and the second step is to replace the current method by the simplified test approach when it has become technically mature enough. The recommendations are basically in line with the work scope of the Task Force on Creep-Fatigue of the Subgroup on Elevated Temperature Design of the Standards Committee of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Committee Section III.

  15. Verification of Allowable Stresses In ASME Section III Subsection NH For Grade 91 Steel & Alloy 800H

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    R. W. Swindeman; M. J. Swindeman; B. W. Roberts; B. E. Thurgood; D. L. Marriott

    2007-11-30

    The database for the creep-rupture of 9Cr-1Mo-V (Grade 91) steel was collected and reviewed to determine if it met the needs for recommending time-dependent strength values, S{sub t}, for coverage in ASME Section III Subsection NH (ASME III-NH) to 650 C (1200 F) and 600,000 hours. The accumulated database included over 300 tests for 1% total strain, nearly 400 tests for tertiary creep, and nearly 1700 tests to rupture. Procedures for analyzing creep and rupture data for ASME III-NH were reviewed and compared to the procedures used to develop the current allowable stress values for Gr 91 for ASME II-D. The criteria in ASME III-NH for estimating S{sub t} included the average strength for 1% total strain for times to 600,000 hours, 80% of the minimum strength for tertiary creep for times to 600,000 hours, and 67% of the minimum rupture strength values for times to 600,000 hours. Time-temperature-stress parametric formulations were selected to correlate the data and make predictions of the long-time strength. It was found that the stress corresponding to 1% total strain and the initiation of tertiary creep were not the controlling criteria over the temperature-time range of concern. It was found that small adjustments to the current values in III-NH could be introduced but that the existing values were conservative and could be retained. The existing database was found to be adequate to extend the coverage to 600,000 hours for temperatures below 650 C (1200 F).

  16. Environmental assessment: Transfer of normal and low-enriched uranium billets to the United Kingdom, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-11-01

    Under the auspices of an agreement between the U.S. and the United Kingdom, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has an opportunity to transfer approximately 710,000 kilograms (1,562,000 pounds) of unneeded normal and low-enriched uranium (LEU) to the United Kingdom; thus, reducing long-term surveillance and maintenance burdens at the Hanford Site. The material, in the form of billets, is controlled by DOE`s Defense Programs, and is presently stored as surplus material in the 300 Area of the Hanford Site. The United Kingdom has expressed a need for the billets. The surplus uranium billets are currently stored in wooden shipping containers in secured facilities in the 300 Area at the Hanford Site (the 303-B and 303-G storage facilities). There are 482 billets at an enrichment level (based on uranium-235 content) of 0.71 weight-percent. This enrichment level is normal uranium; that is, uranium having 0.711 as the percentage by weight of uranium-235 as occurring in nature. There are 3,242 billets at an enrichment level of 0.95 weight-percent (i.e., low-enriched uranium). This inventory represents a total of approximately 532 curies. The facilities are routinely monitored. The dose rate on contact of a uranium billet is approximately 8 millirem per hour. The dose rate on contact of a wooden shipping container containing 4 billets is approximately 4 millirem per hour. The dose rate at the exterior of the storage facilities is indistinguishable from background levels.

  17. Synthesis, characterization and optical properties of NH{sub 4}Dy(PO{sub 3}){sub 4}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chemingui, S.; Ferhi, M. Horchani-Naifer, K.; Férid, M.

    2014-09-15

    Polycrystalline powders of NH{sub 4}Dy(PO{sub 3}){sub 4} polyphosphate have been grown by the flux method. This compound was found to be isotopic with NH{sub 4}Ce(PO{sub 3}){sub 4} and RbHo(PO{sub 3}){sub 4}. It crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P2{sub 1/n} with unit cell parameters a=10.474(6) Å, b=9.011(4) Å, c=10.947(7) Å and β=106.64(3)°. The title compound has been transformed to triphosphate Dy(PO{sub 3}){sub 3} after calcination at 800 °C. Powder X-ray diffraction, infrared and Raman spectroscopies and the differential thermal analysis have been used to identify these materials. The spectroscopic properties have been investigated through absorption, excitation, emission spectra and decay curves of Dy{sup 3+} ion in both compounds at room temperature. The emission spectra show the characteristic emission bands of Dy{sup 3+} in the two compounds, before and after calcination. The integrated emission intensity ratios of the yellow to blue (I{sub Y}/I{sub B}) transitions and the chromaticity properties have been determined from emission spectra. The decay curves are found to be double-exponential. The non-exponential behavior of the decay rates was related to the resonant energy transfer as well as cross-relaxation between the donor and acceptor Dy{sup 3+} ions. The determined properties have been discussed as function of crystal structure of both compounds. They reveal that NH{sub 4}Dy(PO{sub 3}){sub 4} is promising for white light generation but Dy(PO{sub 3}){sub 3} is potential candidates in field emission display (FED) and plasma display panel (PDP) devices. - Graphical abstract: The CIE color coordinate diagrams showing the chromatic coordinates of Dy{sup 3+} luminescence in NH{sub 4}Dy(PO{sub 3}){sub 4} and Dy(PO{sub 3}){sub 3}. - Highlights: • The polycrystalline powders of NH{sub 4}Dy(PO{sub 3}){sub 4} and Dy(PO{sub 3}){sub 3} are synthesized. • The obtained powders are characterized. • The spectroscopic properties of Dy{sup 3+} ion are investigated. • Results are discussed as function of crystal structure and chemical composition. • The usefulness of NH{sub 4}Dy(PO{sub 3}){sub 4} and Dy(PO{sub 3}){sub 3} in optical devices is revealed.

  18. RELAP5 assessment using semiscale SBLOCA test S-NH-1. International Agreement Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, E.J.; Chung, B.D.; Kim, H.J.

    1993-06-01

    2-inch cold leg break test S-NH-1, conducted at the 1/1705 volume scaled facility Semiscale was analyzed using RELAP5/MOD2 Cycle 36.04 and MOD3 Version 5m5. Loss of HPIS was assumed, and reactor trip occurred on a low PZR pressure signal (13.1 MPa), and pumps began an unpowered coastdown on SI signal (12.5 MPa). The system was recovered by opening ADV`s when the PCT became higher than 811 K. Accumulator was finally injected into the system when the primary system pressure was less than 4.0 MPa. The experiment was terminated when the pressure reached the LPIS actuation set point RELAP5/MOD2 analysis demonstrated its capability to predict, with a sufficient accuracy, the main phenomena occurring in the depressurization transient, both from a qualitative and quantitative points of view. Nevertheless, several differences were noted regarding the break flow rate and inventory distribution due to deficiencies in two-phase choked flow model, horizontal stratification interfacial drag, and a CCFL model. The main reason for the core to remain nearly fully covered with the liquid was the under-prediction of the break flow by the code. Several sensitivity calculations were tried using the MOD2 to improve the results by using the different options of break flow modeling (downward, homogeneous, and area increase). The break area compensating concept based on ``the integrated break flow matching`` gave the best results than downward junction and homogeneous options. And the MOD3 showed improvement in predicting a CCFL in SG and a heatup in the core.

  19. Capacitive deionization of NH{sub 4}CIO{sub 4} solutions with carbon aerogel electrodes. Revision 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farmer, J.C.; Fix, D.V.; Mack, G.V.; Pekala, R.W.; Poco, J.F.

    1996-01-01

    A process for capacitive deionization of water with a stack of carbon aerogel electrodes was developed. Unlike ion exchange, one of the more conventional deionization processes, no chemicals are required for regeneration of the system; electricity is used instead. An aqueous solution of NH{sub 4}ClO{sub 4} is pumped through the electrochemical cell. After polarization, NH{sub 4}{sup +} and ClO{sub 4}{sup -} ions are removed from the water by the imposed electric field and trapped in the extensive cathodic and anodic double layers. Thsi process produces one stream of purified water and a second stream of concentrate. Effects of cell voltage, salt concentration, and cycling on electrosorption capacity were studied and results reported.

  20. A reaction mechanism for titanium nitride CVD from TiCl{sub 4} and NH{sub 3}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Larson, R.S.; Allendorf, M.D.

    1995-12-01

    A gas-phase and surface reaction mechanism for the CVD of TiN from TiCl{sub 4} and NH{sub 3} is proposed. The only gas-phase process is complex formation, which can compete with deposition. The surface mechanism postulates the stepwise elimination of Cl and H atoms from TiCl{sub 4} and NH{sub 3}, respectively, to form solid TiN and gaseous HCl. The mechanism also accounts for the change in oxidation state of Ti by allowing for liberation of N{sub 2}. Provided that the surface composition is at steady state, the stoichiometry of the overall reaction is reproduced exactly. In addition, the global kinetic law predicted by the mechanism is successfully fit to new deposition data from a rotating disk reactor and is shown to be consistent with literature results.

  1. NOIlVUlSININdV NOIlVWdOdNI AOd3N3 ACTO3NH

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NOIlVUlSININdV NOIlVWdOdNI AOd3N3 ACTO3NH 0661 This publication may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office. Purchasing in formation for this or other Energy Information Administration (EIA) publications may be obtained from the Government Printing Office or ElA's National Energy Information Center. Questions on energy statistics should be directed to the Center by mail, telephone, or telecommunications device for the hearing impaired. Addresses,

  2. High-temperature phase transformation and topochemical nature in ferroelastic (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}SO{sub 4}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Kwang-Sei; Oh, In-Hwan; Ko, Jae-Hyeon

    2014-04-01

    The electrical conductivity of ferroelastic ammonium sulfate (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}SO{sub 4} revealed an anomaly at around 130 C (=403 K, T{sub P}) on heating with large and irreversible thermal hysteresis through thermal cycle. Ferroelastic domain walls and surface morphology of (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}SO{sub 4} were investigated by hot-stage polarizing microscopy. Structural phase transition from an orthorhombic ferroelastic phase to a hexagonal paraelastic phase was not identified at T{sub P} upon heating. On further heating above T{sub P}, microscopic spots appeared and grew on the crystal surface, suggesting that the high-temperature anomaly at T{sub P} was an indication of an onset of thermal decomposition controlled by topochemical factors. The increase of electrical conductivity above T{sub P} was attributed to proton migration. - Graphical abstract: Surface morphology of the (100) face of (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}SO{sub 4} on heating, showing chemical reaction at the surface. - Highlights: We investigate the high-temperature phase transformation of ammonium sulfate. The increasing conductivity upon heating is attributed to proton migration. Structural phase transition from orthorhombic to hexagonal phase is not confirmed. High-temperature anomaly is related to an onset of thermal decomposition. The nature of the high-temperature anomaly is topochemical controlled by defects.

  3. Electrocatalytic Hydrogen Production by [Ni(7PPh2NH)2]2+: Removing the Distinction Between Endo- and Exo- Protonation Sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Houston JS; Wiese, Stefan; Roberts, John A.; Bullock, R. Morris; Helm, Monte L.

    2015-04-03

    A new Ni(II) complex, [Ni(7PPh2NH)2]2+ (7PPh2NH = 3,6-triphenyl-1-aza-3,6-diphosphacycloheptane) has been synthesized, and its electrochemical properties are reported. The 7PPh2NH ligand features an NH, ensuring properly positioned protonated amine groups (NH+) for electrocatalysis, regardless of whether protonation occurs exo- or endo- to the metal center. The compound is an electrocatalyst for H2 production in the presence of organic acids (pKa range 1013 in CH3CN) with turnover frequencies ranging from 160770 s-1 at overpotentials between 320470 mV, as measured at the half peak potential of the catalytic wave. In stark contrast to [Ni(PR2NR'2)2]2+ and other [Ni(7PPh2NR')]2+ complexes, catalytic turnover frequencies for H2 production by [Ni(7PPh2NH)2]2+ do not show catalytic rate enhancement upon the addition of H2O. This finding supports the assertion that [Ni(7PPh2NH)2]2+ eliminates the distinction between the endo- and exo-protonation isomers. This research was supported as part of the Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis, an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy.

  4. Time-Resolved XAFS Spectroscopic Studies of B-H and N-H Oxidative Addition to Transition Metal Catalysts Relevant to Hydrogen Storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bitterwolf, Thomas E.

    2014-12-09

    Successful catalytic dehydrogenation of aminoborane, H3NBH3, prompted questions as to the potential role of N-H oxidative addition in the mechanisms of these processes. N-H oxidative addition reactions are rare, and in all cases appear to involve initial dative bonding to the metal by the amine lone pairs followed by transfer of a proton to the basic metal. Aminoborane and its trimethylborane derivative block this mechanism and, in principle, should permit authentic N-H oxidative attrition to occur. Extensive experimental work failed to confirm this hypothesis. In all cases either B-H complexation or oxidative addition of solvent C-H bonds dominate the chemistry.

  5. A Pyrrolyl-based Triazolophane: A Macrocyclic Receptor With CH and NH Donor Groups That Exhibits a Preference for Pyrophosphate Anions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sessler, Jonathan L.; Cia, Jiajia; Gong, Han-Yuan; Yang, Xiauping; Arambula, Jonathan F.; Hay, Benjamin

    2010-01-01

    A pyrrolyl-based triazolophane, incorporating CH and NH donor groups, acts as a receptor for the pyrophosphate anion in chloroform solution. It shows selectivity for this trianion, followed by HSO{sub 4}{sup -} > H{sub 2}PO{sub 4}{sup -} > Cl{sup -} > Br{sup -} (all as the corresponding tetrabutylammonium salts), with NH-anion interactions being more important than CH-anion interactions. In the solid state, the receptor binds the pyrophosphate anion in a clip-like slot via NH and CH hydrogen bonds.

  6. Observational results of a multi-telescope campaign in search of interstellar urea [(NH{sub 2}){sub 2}CO

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Remijan, Anthony J.; Snyder, Lewis E.; Kuo, Hsin-Lun; Looney, Leslie W.; Friedel, Douglas N.; McGuire, Brett A.; Golubiatnikov, G. Yu; Lovas, Frank J.; Ilyushin, V. V.; Alekseev, E. A.; Dyubko, S. F.; McCall, Benjamin J.; Hollis, Jan M.

    2014-03-10

    In this paper, we present the results of an observational search for gas phase urea [(NH{sub 2}){sub 2}CO] observed toward the Sgr B2(N-LMH) region. We show data covering urea transitions from ?100 GHz to 250 GHz from five different observational facilities: the Berkeley-Illinois-Maryland-Association (BIMA) Array, the Combined Array for Research in Millimeter-wave Astronomy (CARMA), the NRAO 12 m telescope, the IRAM 30 m telescope, and the Swedish-ESO Submillimeter Telescope (SEST). The results show that the features ascribed to urea can be reproduced across the entire observed bandwidth and all facilities by best-fit column density, temperature, and source size parameters which vary by less than a factor of two between observations merely by adjusting for telescope-specific parameters. Interferometric observations show that the emission arising from these transitions is cospatial and compact, consistent with the derived source sizes and emission from a single species. Despite this evidence, the spectral complexity of both (NH{sub 2}){sub 2}CO and of Sgr B2(N) makes the definitive identification of this molecule challenging. We present observational spectra, laboratory data, and models, and discuss our results in the context of a possible molecular detection of urea.

  7. Advancing strategic environmental assessment in the offshore oil and gas sector: Lessons from Norway, Canada, and the United Kingdom

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fidler, Courtney; Noble, Bram

    2012-04-15

    Abstract: Strategic environmental assessment (SEA) for offshore oil and gas planning and development is utilized in select international jurisdictions, but the sector has received limited attention in the SEA literature. While the potential benefits of and rationale for SEA are well argued, there have been few empirical studies of SEA processes for the offshore sector. Hence, little is known about the efficacy of SEA offshore, in particular its influence on planning and development decisions. This paper examines SEA practice and influence in three international offshore systems: Norway, Atlantic Canada and the United Kingdom, with the intent to identify the challenges, lessons and opportunities for advancing SEA in offshore planning and impact assessment. Results demonstrate that SEA can help inform and improve the efficacy and efficiency of project-based assessment in the offshore sector, however weak coordination between higher and lower tiers limit SEA's ability to influence planning and development decisions in a broad regional environmental and socioeconomic context. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer SEA can inform and improve the efficacy and efficiency of project EA offshore Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Scope and deliverables of SEA offshore often differ from stakeholder expectations Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Considerable variability in influence of SEA output beyond licensing decisions Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Sector-based SEA offshore is often too restrictive to generate expected benefits.

  8. Unusual defect physics in CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3} perovskite solar cell absorber

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yin, Wan-Jian Shi, Tingting; Yan, Yanfa

    2014-02-10

    Thin-film solar cells based on Methylammonium triiodideplumbate (CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3}) halide perovskites have recently shown remarkable performance. First-principle calculations show that CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3} has unusual defect physics: (i) Different from common p-type thin-film solar cell absorbers, it exhibits flexible conductivity from good p-type, intrinsic to good n-type depending on the growth conditions; (ii) Dominant intrinsic defects create only shallow levels, which partially explain the long electron-hole diffusion length and high open-circuit voltage in solar cell. The unusual defect properties can be attributed to the strong Pb lone-pair s orbital and I p orbital antibonding coupling and the high ionicity of CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3}.

  9. Solvent extraction of Li+, H3O+ and NH4+ into nitrobenzene by using sodium dicarbollylcobaltate and calix[4]arene-bis(t-octylbenzo-18-crown-6)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makrlik, Emanuel; Selucky, P.; Vanura, Petr; Moyer, Bruce A

    2013-01-01

    From extraction experiments and c-activity measurements, the exchange extraction constants corresponding to the general equilibrium M+ (aq) + NaL+ (nb) , ML+ (nb) + Na+ (aq) taking place in the two-phase water nitrobenzene system (M+ = Li+, H3O+, NH+4; L = calix[4]arene-bis(t-octylbenzo-18-crown-6); aq = aqueous phase, nb = nitrobenzene phase) were evaluated. Furthermore, the stability constants of the ML+ complexes in nitrobenzene saturated with water were calculated; they were found to increase in the following cation order: zH3O+ < Li+ < NH+4.

  10. Microstructures and properties of CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3?x}Cl{sub x} hybrid solar cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suzuki, Kohei E-mail: oku@mat.usp.ac.jp; Suzuki, Atsushi E-mail: oku@mat.usp.ac.jp; Zushi, Masahito E-mail: oku@mat.usp.ac.jp; Oku, Takeo E-mail: oku@mat.usp.ac.jp

    2015-02-27

    Halide-perovskite CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3} was produced on mesoporous TiO{sub 2} layer by spin-coating a precursor solution of PbCl{sub 2} and CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}I in dimethylformamide. The role of the annealing process and chlorine (Cl) doping for the perovskite-phase formation was investigated. It was found that crystallization of the perovskite materials was stimulated by the annealing process, and that longer annealing time is necessary for the Cl-doped perovskite compared with that of non-doped perovskite phase.

  11. Demonstration of isotype GaN/AlN/GaN heterobarrier diodes by NH{sub 3}-molecular beam epitaxy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fireman, Micha N.; Browne, David A.; Mazumder, Baishakhi; Speck, James S.; Mishra, Umesh K.

    2015-05-18

    The results of vertical transport through nitride heterobarrier structures grown by ammonia molecular beam epitaxy are presented. Structures are designed with binary layers to avoid the effects of random alloy fluctuations in ternary nitride barriers. The unintentional incorporation of Ga in the AlN growth is investigated by atom probe tomography and is shown to be strongly dependent on both the NH{sub 3} flowrate and substrate temperature growth parameters. Once nominally pure AlN layer growth conditions are achieved, structures consisting of unintentionally doped (UID) GaN spacer layers adjacent to a nominally pure AlN are grown between two layers of n+ GaN, from which isotype diodes are fabricated. Varying the design parameters of AlN layer thickness, UID spacer layer thickness, and threading dislocation density show marked effects on the vertical transport characteristics of these structures. The lack of significant temperature dependence, coupled with Fowler-Nordheim and/or Milliken-Lauritsen analysis, point to a prevalently tunneling field emission mechanism through the AlN barrier. Once flatband conditions in the UID layer are achieved, electrons leave the barrier with significant energy. This transport mechanism is of great interest for applications in hot electron structures.

  12. Density Functional Studies of Stoichiometric Surfaces of Orthorhombic Hybrid Perovskite CH3NH3PbI3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Yun; Huang, Jingsong; Sumpter, Bobby G; Zhang, Haimin; Liu, Porun; Yang, Huagui; Zhao, Huijun

    2015-01-01

    Organic/inorganic hybrid perovskite materials are highly attractive for dye-sensitized solar cells as demonstrated by their rapid advances in energy conversion efficiency. In this work, the structures, energetics, and electronic properties for a range of stoichiometric surfaces of the orthorhombic perovskite CH3NH3PbI3 are theoretically studied using density functional theory. Various possible spatially and constitutionally isomeric surfaces are considered by diversifying the spatial orientations and connectivities of surface Pb-I bonds. The comparison of the surface energies for the most stable configurations identified for various surfaces shows that the stabilities of stoichiometric surfaces are mainly dictated by the coordination numbers of surface atoms, which are directly correlated with the numbers of broken bonds. Additionally, Coulombic interactions between I anions and organic countercations on the surface also contribute to the stabilization. Electronic properties are compared between the most stable (100) surface and the bulk phase, showing generally similar features except for the lifted band degeneracy and the enhanced bandgap energy for the surface. These studies on the stoichiometric surfaces serve as the first step toward gaining a fundamental understanding of the interfacial properties in the current structural design of perovskite based solar cells, in order to achieve further breakthroughs in solar conversion efficiencies.

  13. The efficiency limit of CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3} perovskite solar cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sha, Wei E. I.; Ren, Xingang; Chen, Luzhou; Choy, Wallace C. H.

    2015-06-01

    With the consideration of photon recycling effect, the efficiency limit of methylammonium lead iodide (CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3}) perovskite solar cells is predicted by a detailed balance model. To obtain convincing predictions, both AM 1.5 spectrum of Sun and experimentally measured complex refractive index of perovskite material are employed in the detailed balance model. The roles of light trapping and angular restriction in improving the maximal output power of thin-film perovskite solar cells are also clarified. The efficiency limit of perovskite cells (without the angular restriction) is about 31%, which approaches to Shockley-Queisser limit (33%) achievable by gallium arsenide (GaAs) cells. Moreover, the Shockley-Queisser limit could be reached with a 200?nm-thick perovskite solar cell, through integrating a wavelength-dependent angular-restriction design with a textured light-trapping structure. Additionally, the influence of the trap-assisted nonradiative recombination on the device efficiency is investigated. The work is fundamentally important to high-performance perovskite photovoltaics.

  14. Modeling of plasma chemistry in an atmospheric pressure Ar/NH{sub 3} cylindrical dielectric barrier discharge described using the one-dimensional fluid model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li Zhi [School of Science, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Anshan 114051 (China); School of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Zhao Zhen [School of Chemistry and Life Science, Anshan Normal University, Anshan 114007 (China); School of Chemical Engineering, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Anshan 114051 (China); Li Xuehui [Physical Science and Technical College, Dalian University, Dalian 116622 (China)

    2013-01-15

    The keynote of our research is to study the gas phase chemistry in an atmospheric pressure Ar/NH{sub 3} cylindrical dielectric barrier discharge, which is very important to produce the iron-nitride magnetic fluid. For this purpose, a home-made one dimensional fluid model with the Scharfetter-Gummel method has been developed. The equations solved are the particle balances, assuming a drift-diffusion approximation for the fluxes, and the electron energy equation. The self-consistent electric field is obtained by the simultaneous solution of Poisson's equation. The simulations were carried out for the different ammonia concentrations (2%, 3.5%, and 7%), at a voltage of 1 kV, and a driving frequency of 20 kHz. It concluded that the major ion products of Ar are Ar{sup +} and Ar{sub 2}{sup +}. Ar{sup +} is the most important positive ions, followed by Ar{sub 2}{sup +}. It is shown that the NH{sup +} density is smaller than that of the other ammonia ions. The density of NH{sub 4}{sup +} is more than that of the other ammonia ions when the ammonia concentration increased. The diffuse mode can be established after the discharge was ignited, and the mode changes to filamentary mode with an increase in ammonia concentration.

  15. The Origin and Coupling Mechanism of the Magnetoelectric Effect in TM Cl 2 -4SC(NH 2 ) 2 ( TM = Ni and Co)

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Mun, Eundeok; Wilcox, Jason; Manson, Jamie L.; Scott, Brian; Tobash, Paul; Zapf, Vivien S.

    2014-01-01

    Most research on multiferroics and magnetoelectric effects to date has focused on inorganic oxides. Molecule-based materials are a relatively new field in which to search for magnetoelectric multiferroics and to explore new coupling mechanisms between electric and magnetic order. We present magnetoelectric behavior in NiCl 2 -4SC(NH 2 ) 2 (DTN) and CoCl 2 -4SC(NH 2 ) 2 (DTC). These compounds form tetragonal structures where the transition metal ion (Ni or Co) is surrounded by four electrically polar thiourea molecules [SC(NH 2 ) 2 ]. By tracking the magnetic and electric properties of these compounds as a function ofmore » magnetic field, we gain insights into the coupling mechanism by observing that, in DTN, the electric polarization tracks the magnetic ordering, whereas in DTC it does not. For DTN, all electrically polar thiourea molecules tilt in the same direction along the c -axis, breaking spatial-inversion symmetry, whereas, for DTC, two thiourea molecules tilt up and two tilt down with respect to c -axis, perfectly canceling the net electrical polarization. Thus, the magnetoelectric coupling mechanism in DTN is likely a magnetostrictive adjustment of the thiourea molecule orientation in response to magnetic order.« less

  16. Electron-hole diffusion lengths >175 μm in solution-grown CH3NH3PbI3 single crystals

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Dong, Qingfeng; Fang, Yanjun; Shao, Yuchuan; Mulligan, Padhraic; Qiu, Jie; Cao, Lei; Huang, Jinsong

    2015-02-27

    Long, balanced electron and hole diffusion lengths greater than 100 nanometers in the polycrystalline organolead trihalide compound CH3NH3PbI3 are critical for highly efficient perovskite solar cells. We found that the diffusion lengths in CH3NH3PbI3 single crystals grown by a solution-growth method can exceed 175 micrometers under 1 sun (100 mW cm–2) illumination and exceed 3 millimeters under weak light for both electrons and holes. The internal quantum efficiencies approach 100% in 3-millimeter-thick single-crystal perovskite solar cells under weak light. These long diffusion lengths result from greater carrier mobility, longer lifetime, and much smaller trap densities in the single crystals thanmore » in polycrystalline thin films. As a result, the long carrier diffusion lengths enabled the use of CH3NH3PbI3 in radiation sensing and energy harvesting through the gammavoltaic effect, with an efficiency of 3.9% measured with an intense cesium-137 source.« less

  17. Electron-hole diffusion lengths >175 μm in solution-grown CH3NH3PbI3 single crystals

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Dong, Qingfeng; Fang, Yanjun; Shao, Yuchuan; Mulligan, Padhraic; Qiu, Jie; Cao, Lei; Huang, Jinsong

    2015-02-27

    Long, balanced electron and hole diffusion lengths greater than 100 nanometers in the polycrystalline organolead trihalide compound CH3NH3PbI3 are critical for highly efficient perovskite solar cells. We found that the diffusion lengths in CH3NH3PbI3 single crystals grown by a solution-growth method can exceed 175 micrometers under 1 sun (100 mW cm–2) illumination and exceed 3 millimeters under weak light for both electrons and holes. The internal quantum efficiencies approach 100% in 3-millimeter-thick single-crystal perovskite solar cells under weak light. These long diffusion lengths result from greater carrier mobility, longer lifetime, and much smaller trap densities in the single crystals thanmore »in polycrystalline thin films. As a result, the long carrier diffusion lengths enabled the use of CH3NH3PbI3 in radiation sensing and energy harvesting through the gammavoltaic effect, with an efficiency of 3.9% measured with an intense cesium-137 source.« less

  18. Regulatory Safety Issues in the Structural Design Criteria of ASME Section III Subsection NH and for Very High Temperatures for VHTR & GEN IV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    William J. O’Donnell; Donald S. Griffin

    2007-05-07

    The objective of this task is to identify issues relevant to ASME Section III, Subsection NH [1], and related Code Cases that must be resolved for licensing purposes for VHTGRs (Very High Temperature Gas Reactor concepts such as those of PBMR, Areva, and GA); and to identify the material models, design criteria, and analysis methods that need to be added to the ASME Code to cover the unresolved safety issues. Subsection NH was originally developed to provide structural design criteria and limits for elevated-temperature design of Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor (LMFBR) systems and some gas-cooled systems. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and its Advisory Committee for Reactor Safeguards (ACRS) reviewed the design limits and procedures in the process of reviewing the Clinch River Breeder Reactor (CRBR) for a construction permit in the late 1970s and early 1980s, and identified issues that needed resolution. In the years since then, the NRC and various contractors have evaluated the applicability of the ASME Code and Code Cases to high-temperature reactor designs such as the VHTGRs, and identified issues that need to be resolved to provide a regulatory basis for licensing. This Report describes: (1) NRC and ACRS safety concerns raised during the licensing process of CRBR , (2) how some of these issues are addressed by the current Subsection NH of the ASME Code; and (3) the material models, design criteria, and analysis methods that need to be added to the ASME Code and Code Cases to cover unresolved regulatory issues for very high temperature service.

  19. Exploiting parameter space in MOFs: a 20-fold enhancement of phosphate-ester hydrolysis with UiO-66-NH 2

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Katz, Michael J.; Moon, Su-Young; Mondloch, Joseph E.; Beyzavi, M. Hassan; Stephenson, Casey J.; Hupp, Joseph T.; Farha, Omar K.

    2015-02-24

    The hydrolysis of nerve agents is of primary concern due to the severe toxicity of these agents. Using a MOF-based catalyst (UiO-66), we have previously demonstrated that the hydrolysis can occur with relatively fast half-lives of 50 minutes. However, these rates are still prohibitively slow to be efficiently utilized for some practical applications (e.g., decontamination wipes used to clean exposed clothing/skin/vehicles). We thus turned our attention to derivatives of UiO-66 in order to probe the importance of functional groups on the hydrolysis rate. Three UiO-66 derivatives were explored; UiO-66-NO2 and UiO-66-(OH)2 showed little to no change in hydrolysis rate. However,more » UiO-66-NH2 showed a 20 fold increase in hydrolysis rate over the parent UiO-66 MOF. Half-lives of 1 minute were observed with this MOF. In order to probe the role of the amino moiety, we turned our attention to UiO-67, UiO-67-NMe2 and UiO-67-NH2. In these MOFs, the amino moiety is in close proximity to the zirconium node. We observed that UiO-67-NH2 is a faster catalyst than UiO-67 and UiO-67-NMe2. We conclude that the role of the amino moiety is to act as a proton-transfer agent during the catalytic cycle and not to hydrogen bond or to form a phosphorane intermediate.« less

  20. Synthesis and Evaluation of Cu/SAPO-34 Catalysts for NH3-SCR 2: Solid-state Ion Exchange and One-pot Synthesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gao, Feng; Walter, Eric D.; Washton, Nancy M.; Szanyi, Janos; Peden, Charles HF

    2015-01-01

    Cu-SAPO-34 catalysts are synthesized using two methods: solid-state ion exchange (SSIE) and one-pot synthesis. SSIE is conducted by calcining SAPO-34/CuO mixtures at elevated temperatures. For the one-pot synthesis method, Cu-containing chemicals (CuO and CuSO4) are added during gel preparation. A high-temperature calcination step is also needed for this method. Catalysts are characterized with surface area/pore volume measurements, temperature programmed reduction (TPR), electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopies, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Catalytic properties are examined using standard ammonia selective catalytic reduction (NH3-SCR) and ammonia oxidation reactions. In Cu-SAPO-34 samples formed using SSIE, Cu presents both as isolated Cu2+ ions and unreacted CuO. The former is highly active and selective in NH3-SCR, while the latter catalyzes a side reaction; notably, the non-selective oxidation of NH3 above 350 C. Using the one-pot method followed by a high-temperature aging treatment, it is possible to form Cu SAPO-34 samples with predominately isolated Cu2+ ions at low Cu loadings. However at much higher Cu loadings, isolated Cu2+ ions that bind weakly with the CHA framework and CuO clusters also form. These Cu moieties are very active in catalyzing non-selective NH3 oxidation above 350 C. Low-temperature reaction kinetics indicate that Cu-SAPO-34 samples formed using SSIE have core-shell structures where Cu is enriched in the shell layers; while Cu is more evenly distributed within the one-pot samples. Reaction kinetics also suggest that at low temperatures, the local environment next to Cu2+ ion centers plays little role on the overall catalytic properties. The authors gratefully acknowledge the US Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Vehicle Technologies Office for the support of this work. The research described in this paper was performed at the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL), a national scientific user facility sponsored by the DOEs Office of Biological and Environmental Research and located at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). PNNL is operated for the US DOE by Battelle under contract number DE-AC05-76RL01830. The authors also thank Shari Li (PNNL) for surface area/pore volume measurements, and Bruce W. Arey (PNNL) for SEM measurements. Discussions with Drs. A. Yezerets, K. Kamasamudram, J.H. Li, N. Currier and J.Y. Luo from Cummins, Inc. and H.Y. Chen and H. Hess from Johnson-Matthey are greatly appreciated.

  1. Effects of gaseous NH{sub 3} and SO{sub 2} on the concentration profiles of PCDD/F in flyash under post-combustion zone conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hajizadeh, Yaghoub; Onwudili, Jude A.; Williams, Paul T.

    2012-07-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Influence of NH{sub 3} and SO{sub 2} on 2378-PCDD/F in flyash and flue gases was investigated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer NH{sub 3} decreased the concentration of PCDD and PCDF by 34-75% in the flyash. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer NH{sub 3} decreased the concentration of PCDD and PCDF by 21-40% from the flue gases. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer SO{sub 2} led to 99% PCDD and 93% PCDF reductions in the flyash. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer SO{sub 2} led to 89% PCDD and 76% PCDF reductions in the flue gases. - Abstract: The influence of gaseous ammonia and sulphur dioxide on the formation of 2378-substituted PCDD/F on a reference flyash from a municipal waste incinerator has been investigated using a laboratory scale fixed-bed reactor. The reference flyash samples (BCR-490) was reacted under a simulated flue gas stream at temperatures of 225 and 375 Degree-Sign C for 96 h. The experiments were carried out in two series: first with simulated flue gas alone, and then with injection of NH{sub 3} or SO{sub 2} gas into the flue gas just before the reactor inlet. It was found that the injection of gaseous ammonia into the flue gas could decrease the concentration of both PCDD and PCDF by 34-75% from the solid phase and by 21-40% from the gas phase. Converting the results to I-TEQ values, it could reduce the total I-TEQ values of PCDD and PCDF in the sum of the flyash and exhaust flue gas by 42-75% and 24-57% respectively. The application of SO{sub 2} led to 99% and 93% reductions in the PCDD and PCDF average congener concentrations, respectively in the solid phase. In the gas phase, the total reductions were 89% and 76% for PCDD and PCDF, respectively. Moreover, addition of SO{sub 2} reduced the total I-TEQ value of PCDD and PCDF in the flyash and exhaust flue gas together by 60-86% and 72-82% respectively. Sulphur dioxide was more effective than ammonia in suppressing PCDD/F formation in flyash under the conditions investigated.

  2. Quantum wells on 3C-SiC/NH-SiC heterojunctions. Calculation of spontaneous polarization and electric field strength in experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sbruev, I. S.; Sbruev, S. B.

    2010-10-15

    The results of experiments with quantum wells on 3C-SiC/4H-SiC and 3C-SiC/6H-SiC heterojunctions obtained by various methods are reconsidered. Spontaneous polarizations, field strengths, and energies of local levels in quantum wells on 3C-SiC/NH-SiC heterojunctions were calculated within a unified model. The values obtained are in agreement with the results of all considered experiments. Heterojunction types are determined. Approximations for valence band offsets on heterojunctions between silicon carbide polytypes and the expression for calculating local levels in quantum wells on the 3C-SiC/NH-SiC heterojunction are presented. The spontaneous polarizations and field strengths induced by spontaneous polarization on 3C-SiC/4H-SiC and 3C-SiC/6H-SiC heterojunctions were calculated as 0.71 and 0.47 C/m{sup 2} and 0.825 and 0.55 MV/cm, respectively.

  3. AFFECTS OF MECHANICAL MILLING AND METAL OXIDE ADDITIVES ON SORPTION KINETICS OF 1:1 LiNH2/MgH2 MIXTURE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Erdy, C.; Anton, D.; Gray, J.

    2010-12-08

    The destabilized complex hydride system composed of LiNH{sub 2}:MgH{sub 2} (1:1 molar ratio) is one of the leading candidates of hydrogen storage with a reversible hydrogen storage capacity of 8.1 wt%. A low sorption enthalpy of {approx}32 kJ/mole H{sub 2} was first predicted by Alapati et al. utilizing first principle density function theory (DFT) calculations and has been subsequently confirmed empirically by Lu et al. through differential thermal analysis (DTA). This enthalpy suggests that favorable sorption kinetics should be obtainable at temperatures in the range of 160 C to 200 C. Preliminary experiments reported in the literature indicate that sorption kinetics are substantially lower than expected in this temperature range despite favorable thermodynamics. Systematic isothermal and isobaric sorption experiments were performed using a Sievert's apparatus to form a baseline data set by which to compare kinetic results over the pressure and temperature range anticipated for use of this material as a hydrogen storage media. Various material preparation methods and compositional modifications were performed in attempts to increase the kinetics while lowering the sorption temperatures. This paper outlines the results of these systematic tests and describes a number of beneficial additions which influence kinetics as well as NH{sub 3} formation.

  4. METALLICITIES, DUST, AND MOLECULAR CONTENT OF A QSO-DAMPED Ly{alpha} SYSTEM REACHING log N(H I) = 22: AN ANALOG TO GRB-DLAs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guimaraes, R.; Noterdaeme, P.; Petitjean, P.; Ledoux, C.; Srianand, R.; Rahmani, H.; Lopez, S.

    2012-06-15

    We present the elemental abundance and H{sub 2} content measurements of a damped Ly{alpha} (DLA) system with an extremely large H I column density, log N(H I) (cm{sup -2}) = 22.0 {+-} 0.10, at z{sub abs} = 3.287 toward the QSO SDSS J081634+144612. We measure column densities of H{sub 2}, C I, C I*, Zn II, Fe II, Cr II, Ni II, and Si II from a high signal-to-noise and high spectral resolution VLT-UVES spectrum. The overall metallicity of the system is [Zn/H] = -1.10 {+-} 0.10 relative to solar. Two molecular hydrogen absorption components are seen at z = 3.28667 and 3.28742 (a velocity separation of Almost-Equal-To 52 km s{sup -1}) in rotational levels up to J = 3. We derive a total H{sub 2} column density of log N(H{sub 2}) (cm{sup -2}) = 18.66 and a mean molecular fraction of f = 2N(H{sub 2})/[2N(H{sub 2}) + N(H I)] = 10{sup -3.04{+-}0.37}, typical of known H{sub 2}-bearing DLA systems. From the observed abundance ratios we conclude that dust is present in the interstellar medium of this galaxy, with an enhanced abundance in the H{sub 2}-bearing clouds. However, the total amount of dust along the line of sight is not large and does not produce any significant reddening of the background QSO. The physical conditions in the H{sub 2}-bearing clouds are constrained directly from the column densities of H{sub 2} in different rotational levels, C I and C I*. The kinetic temperature is found to be T Almost-Equal-To 75 K and the particle density lies in the range n{sub H} = 50-80 cm{sup -3}. The neutral hydrogen column density of this DLA is similar to the mean H I column density of DLAs observed at the redshift of {gamma}-ray bursts (GRBs). We explore the relationship between GRB-DLAs and the high column density end of QSO-DLAs finding that the properties (metallicity and depletion) of DLAs with log N(H I) > 21.5 in the two populations do not appear to be significantly different.

  5. Origin and elimination of photocurrent hysteresis by fullerene passivation in CH3NH3PbI3 planar heterojunction solar cells

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Shao, Yuchuan; Xiao, Zhengguo; Bi, Cheng; Yuan, Yongbo; Huang, Jinsong

    2014-12-15

    The large photocurrent hysteresis observed in many organometal trihalide perovskite solar cells has become a major hindrance impairing the ultimate performance and stability of these devices, while its origin was unknown. Here we demonstrate the trap states on the surface and grain boundaries of the perovskite materials to be the origin of photocurrent hysteresis and that the fullerene layers deposited on perovskites can effectively passivate these charge trap states and eliminate the notorious photocurrent hysteresis. Fullerenes deposited on the top of the perovskites reduce the trap density by two orders of magnitude and double the power conversion efficiency of CH3NH3PbI3more » solar cells. As a result, the elucidation of the origin of photocurrent hysteresis and its elimination by trap passivation in perovskite solar cells provides important directions for future enhancements to device efficiency.« less

  6. Simplification of femtosecond transient absorption microscopy data from CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite thin films into decay associated amplitude maps

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Doughty, Benjamin; Simpson, Mary Jane; Yang, Bin; Xiao, Kai; Ma, Ying -Zhong

    2016-02-16

    This work aims to simplify multi-dimensional femtosecond transient absorption microscopy (TAM) data into decay associated amplitude maps that describe the spatial distributions of dynamical processes occurring on various characteristic timescales. Application of this method to TAM data obtained from a model methyl-ammonium lead iodide (CH3NH3PbI3) perovskite thin film allows us to simplify the dataset consisting of a 68 time-resolved images into 4 decay associated amplitude maps. These maps provide a simple means to visualize the complex electronic excited-state dynamics in this system by separating distinct dynamical processes evolving on characteristic timescales into individual spatial images. This approach provides new insightmore » into subtle aspects of ultrafast relaxation dynamics associated with excitons and charge carriers in the perovskite thin film, which have recently been found to coexist at spatially distinct locations.« less

  7. Qualifying composition dependent p and n self-doping in CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Qi; Shao, Yuchuan; Huang, Jinsong; Xie, Haipeng; Lyu, Lu; Liu, Xiaoliang; Gao, Yongli

    2014-10-20

    We report the observation of self-doping in perovskite. CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3} was found to be either n- or p-doped by changing the ratio of methylammonium halide (MAI) and lead iodine (PbI{sub 2}) which are the two precursors for perovskite formation. MAI-rich and PbI{sub 2}-rich perovskite films are p and n self-doped, respectively. Thermal annealing can convert the p-type perovskite to n-type by removing MAI. The carrier concentration varied as much as six orders of magnitude. A clear correlation between doping level and device performance was also observed.

  8. Interaction of vacuum ultraviolet light with a low-k organosilicate glass film in the presence of NH{sub 3}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Behera, Swayambhu; Lee, Joe; Graves, David; Gaddam, Sneha; Pokharel, Sundari; Wilks, Justin; Pasquale, Frank; Kelber, Jeffry A.

    2010-07-19

    In situ x-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS) and ex situ Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were used to characterize effects on organosilicate films of 147 nm irradiation in the presence of 10{sup -4} Torr NH{sub 3}. XPS and FTIR data indicate Si-O and Si-C bond scission, with nitridation only at Si sites. Photoirradiation causes the surface layer to become enriched in sp{sup 2} carbon. FTIR spectra of silanol formation upon exposure to ambient indicate reactive sites in the bulk have lifetimes of up to six days. XPS data indicate lifetimes of approxminutes for surface states. Nitrogen uptake passivates with longer exposure times, indicating surface densification.

  9. New operation strategy for driving the selectivity of NOx reduction to N2, NH3 or N2O during lean/rich cycling of a lean NOx trap catalyst

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Mr?ek, David; Koci, Petr; Choi, Jae -Soon; Partridge, Jr., William P.

    2015-09-08

    Periodical regeneration of NOx storage catalyst (also known as lean NOx trap) by short rich pulses of CO, H2 and hydrocarbons is necessary for the reduction of nitrogen oxides adsorbed on the catalyst surface. Ideally, the stored NOx is converted into N2, but N2O and NH3 by-products can be formed as well, particularly at low-intermediate temperatures. The N2 and N2O products are formed concurrently in two peaks. The primary peaks appear immediately after the rich-phase inception, and tail off with the breakthrough of the reductant front accompanied by NH3 product. In addition, the secondary N2 and N2O peaks then appearmoreat the rich-to-lean transition as a result of reactions between surface-deposited reductants/intermediates (CO, HC, NH3, NCO) and residual stored NOx under increasingly lean conditions.less

  10. Biocaldol | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Biocaldol Jump to: navigation, search Name: Biocaldol Place: London, England, United Kingdom Zip: NW1 0NH Sector: Biomass Product: Biocaldol uses thermophilic microorganisms to...

  11. LOW-TEMPERATURE ION TRAP STUDIES OF N{sup +}({sup 3} P{sub ja} ) + H{sub 2}(j) {yields} NH{sup +} + H

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zymak, I.; Hejduk, M.; Mulin, D.; Plasil, R.; Glosik, J.; Gerlich, D.

    2013-05-01

    Using a low-temperature 22-pole ion trap apparatus, detailed measurements for the title reaction have been performed between 10 K and 100 K in order to get some state specific information about this fundamental hydrogen abstraction process. The relative population of the two lowest H{sub 2} rotational states, j = 0 and 1, has been varied systematically. NH{sup +} formation is nearly thermo-neutral; however, to date, the energetics are not known with the accuracy required for low-temperature astrochemistry. Additional complications arise from the fact that, so far, there is no reliable theoretical or experimental information on how the reactivity of the N{sup +} ion depends on its fine-structure (FS) state {sup 3} P{sub ja} . Since in the present trapping experiment, thermalization of the initially hot FS population competes with hydrogen abstraction, the evaluation of the decay of N{sup +} ions over long storage times and at various He and H{sub 2} gas densities provides information on these processes. First assuming strict adiabatic behavior, a set of state specific rate coefficients is derived from the measured thermal rate coefficients. In addition, by recording the disappearance of the N{sup +} ions over several orders of magnitude, information on nonadiabatic transitions is extracted including FS-changing collisions.

  12. Application of x-ray tomography to optimization of new NOx/NH3 mixed potential sensors for vehicle on-board emissions control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, Mark A; Brosha, Eric L; Mukundan, Rangachary; Garzon, Fernando H

    2009-01-01

    Mixed potential sensors for the detection of hydrocarbons, NO{sub x}, and NH{sub 3} have been previously developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The LANL sensors have a unique design incorporating dense ceramic-pelletlmetal-wire electrodes and porous electrolytes. The performance of current-biased sensors using an yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) electrolyte and platinum and La{sub 0.8}Sr{sub 0.2}CrO{sub 3} electrodes is reported. X-ray tomography has been applied to non-destructively examine internal structures of these sensors. NO{sub x} and hydrocarbon response of the sensors under various bias conditions is reported, and very little NO{sub x} response hysteresis was observed. The application of a 0.6 {mu}A bias to these sensors shifts the response from a hydrocarbon response to a NO{sub x} response equal for both NO and NO{sub 2} species at approximately 500 {sup o}C in air.

  13. Determination of structure and phase transition of light element nanocomposites in mesoporous silica: case study of NH3BH3 in MCM-41

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Hyun Jeong; Karkamkar, Abhijeet J.; Autrey, Thomas; Chupas, Peter; Proffen, Thomas E.

    2009-09-30

    The structure of ammonia borane (AB), NH3BH3, infused in mesoporous silica MCM-41 and its evolution over the temperature range of 80 to 300 K was investigated using the atomic pair distribution function (PDF) analysis of synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction data in order to understand the origin of improved dehydrogenation properties of the system. Our study shows how X-ray PDF analysis can be used to elucidate the structure of light guest species loaded in mesoporous silica materials despite of its low scattering power of composed elements (N, B, and H) compared to its host (SiO2). PDF analyses of two AB-loaded compositions with weight ratio AB:MCM-41=1:1 and 3:1 provide a strong evidence that AB aggregate, previously found in AB:MCM-41?1:1 samples, is same species as neat AB. For both of them an orthorhombic to tetragonal structural phase transition occurs at 225 K on warming. On the other hand, AB residing inside meso-pores, which is found in AB:MCM-41=1:2 sample, does not undergo such phase transition. It rather stays in tetragonal phase over a wide temperature range of 110 to 240 K and starts to lose structural correlation above 240 K. This strongly suggests that nano-confinement of AB inside meso-pores stabilizes high temperature tetragonal phase at much lower temperature. These results provide important clues to two critical questions: why nan-compositions of AB leads dehydrogenation to lower temperature and why the neat AB like propoerties are recovered at high AB loading samples. This work was supported by the US Department of Energy Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Chemical Sciences program. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for the US Department of Energy.

  14. Formation and consumption of NO in H{sub 2} + O{sub 2} + N{sub 2} flames doped with NO or NH{sub 3} at atmospheric pressure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shmakov, A.G.; Chernov, A.A.; Knyazkov, D.A.; Bolshova, T.A.; Korobeinichev, O.P.; Rybitskaya, I.V.; Konnov, A.A.

    2010-03-15

    Flat premixed burner-stabilized H{sub 2} + O{sub 2} + N{sub 2} flames, neat or doped with 300-1000 ppm of NO or NH{sub 3}, were studied experimentally using molecular-beam mass-spectrometry and simulated numerically. Spatial profiles of temperature and concentrations of stable species, H{sub 2}, O{sub 2}, H{sub 2}O, NO, NH{sub 3}, and of H and OH radicals obtained at atmospheric pressure in lean ({phi} = 0.47), near-stoichiometric ({phi} = 1.1) and rich ({phi} = 2.0) flames are reported. Good agreement between measured and calculated structure of lean and near-stoichiometric flames was found. Significant discrepancy between simulated and measured profiles of NO concentration was observed in the rich flames. Sensitivity and reaction path analyses revealed reactions responsible for the discrepancy. Modification to the model was proposed to improve an overall agreement with the experiment. (author)

  15. Energy conservation and electricity sector liberalization: Case-studies on the development of cogeneration, wind energy and demand-side management in the Netherlands, Denmark, Germany and the United Kingdom

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Slingerland, S.

    1998-07-01

    In this paper, the development of cogeneration, wind energy and demand-side management in the Netherlands, Denmark, Germany and the United Kingdom are compared. It is discussed to what extent these developments are determined by the liberalization process. Three key liberalization variables are identified: unbundling, privatization and introduction of competition. The analysis suggests that unbundling prior to introduction of full competition in generation is particularly successful in stimulating industrial cogeneration; simultaneous introduction of competition and unbundling mainly stimulates non-cogeneration gas-based capacity; and introduction of competition in itself is likely to impede the development of district-heating cogeneration. Furthermore, it is argued that development of wind energy and demand-side management are primarily dependent on the kind of support system set up by policy makers rather than on the liberalization process. Negative impacts of introduction of competition on integrated resource planning and commercial energy services could nevertheless be expected.

  16. Morphology control of open-framework zinc phosphate Zn{sub 4}(H{sub 3}O)(NH{sub 4}){sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 4} via microwave-assisted technique

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ding, Ling; Song, Yu; Yang, Wei; Xue, Run-Miao; Zhai, Shang-Ru; An, Qing-Da

    2013-08-15

    Open-framework zinc phosphates were synthesized by microwave-assisted technique, and it was shown that the morphology of as-prepared materials could be easily tailored by changing synthesis temperature, reaction time and pH value. During the synthesis, when the reaction temperature increases from 130 C to 220 C, the products transformed from hexagonal prisms to polyhedron along with the disappearance of the hexagonal prisms vertical plane. Simultaneously, both the reaction time and pH value could promote the nucleation and growth of crystal particles. More interestingly, the target products with different morphologies could be obtained by varying the usage of NaOH or NH{sub 3}H{sub 2}O at 130 C during the microwave synthesis process. - Graphical abstract: Zinc phosphates with variable morphologies can be obtained by simply tuning the microwave-heating temperatures. Display Omitted - Highlights: Synthesis of open-framework Zn{sub 4} (H{sub 3}O) (NH{sub 4}){sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 4} compounds employing microwave technique. Dependence of morphology on the reaction conditions. Morphology transformation from hexagonal prisms to polyhedron was observed.

  17. High external quantum efficiency and fill-factor InGaN/GaN heterojunction solar cells grown by NH3-based molecular beam epitaxy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lang, J. R.; Neufeld, C. J.; Hurni, C. A.; Cruz, S. C.; Matioli, E.; Mishra, U. K.; Speck, J. S.

    2011-04-01

    High external quantum efficiency (EQE) p-i-n heterojunction solar cellsgrown by NH3 -based molecular beam epitaxy are presented. EQE values including optical losses are greater than 50% with fill-factors over 72% when illuminated with a 1 sun AM0 spectrum. Optical absorptionmeasurements in conjunction with EQE measurements indicate an internal quantum efficiency greater than 90% for the InGaN absorbing layer. By adjusting the thickness of the top p-type GaN window contact layer, it is shown that the short-wavelength (<365 nm) quantum efficiency is limited by the minority carrier diffusion length in highly Mg-doped p-GaN.

  18. Hydrogen storage in a combined M.sub.xAlH.sub.6/M'.sub.y(NH.sub.2).sub.z system and methods of making and using the same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lu, Jun (Salt Lake City, UT); Fang, Zhigang Zak (Salt Lake City, UT); Sohn, Hong Yong (Salt Lake City, UT)

    2012-04-03

    As a promising clean fuel for vehicles, hydrogen can be used for propulsion, either directly or in fuel cells. Hydrogen storage compositions having high storage capacity, good dehydrogenation kinetics, and hydrogen release and uptake reactions which are reversible are disclosed and described. Generally a hydrogen storage composition of a metal aluminum hexahydride and a metal amide can be used. A combined system (Li.sub.3AIH.sub.6/3LiNH.sub.2) with a very high inherent hydrogen capacity (7.3 wt %) can be carried out at moderate temperatures, and with approximately 95% of that inherent hydrogen storage capacity (7.0%) is reversible over repeated cycling of release and uptake.

  19. Simple and low-temperature preparation of Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} sphere-like nanoparticles via solid-state thermolysis of the [Co(NH{sub 3}){sub 6}](NO{sub 3}){sub 3} complex

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farhadi, Saeid; Pourzare, Kolsoum

    2012-06-15

    Highlights: ? [Co(NH{sub 3}){sub 6}](NO{sub 3}){sub 3} precursor was used for synthesizing pure Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanocrystals. ? Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanocrystals were synthesized at low temperature of 200 C. ? Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanocrystals show a weak ferromagnetic behavior at room temperature. ? This simple method is low-cost and suitable for high-scale production of Co{sub 3}O{sub 4}. -- Abstract: In this work, spinel-type Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} spherical nanoparticles were easily prepared via decomposition of the hexamminecobalt(III) nitrate complex, [Co(NH{sub 3}){sub 6}](NO{sub 3}){sub 3}, at low temperature (200 C). The product was characterized by thermal analysis (TGA/DTA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), Raman spectroscopy, UVvis spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), BrunauerEmmettTeller (BET) specific surface area measurement and magnetic measurements. The results confirmed that pure single-phase Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoparticles with weak ferromagnetic behavior were obtained by this method. TEM images showed that the Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoparticles are sphere-like with an average diameter size of around 15 nm. The optical spectrum indicated two direct band gaps at 2.15 and 3.56 eV which are blue-shifted relative to reported values for the bulk sample. Using this fast and simple method, Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoparticles can be produced without expensive and toxic solvents or complicated equipment.

  20. United Kingdom Department for International Development | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Climate Change Resilience Framework Ecuador-Quito City Climate Change Action Plan El Salvador - National Climate Change Strategy Support Eldis Ethiopia-Strategic Climate...

  1. United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EIA Natural Gas Reserves 292,000,000,000 Cubic Meters (cu m) 40 2010 CIA World Factbook Oil Reserves 3,084,000,000 Barrels (bbl) 31 2010 CIA World Factbook Energy Maps featuring...

  2. Hertfordshire, United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    updating Image needs updating Reference needed Missing content Broken link Other Additional Comments Cancel Submit Categories: Places Stubs Articles with outstanding TODO tasks...

  3. Accurate ab initio-based adiabatic global potential energy surface for the 2{sup 2}A″ state of NH{sub 2} by extrapolation to the complete basis set limit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Y. Q.; Ma, F. C.; Sun, M. T.

    2013-10-21

    A full three-dimensional global potential energy surface is reported first time for the title system, which is important for the photodissociation processes. It is obtained using double many-body expansion theory and an extensive set of accurate ab initio energies extrapolated to the complete basis set limit. Such a work can be recommended for dynamics studies of the N({sup 2}D) + H{sub 2} reaction, a reliable theoretical treatment of the photodissociation dynamics and as building blocks for constructing the double many-body expansion potential energy surface of larger nitrogen/hydrogen containing systems. In turn, a preliminary theoretical study of the reaction N({sup 2}D)+H{sub 2}(X{sup 1}Σ{sub g}{sup +})(ν=0,j=0)→NH(a{sup 1}Δ)+H({sup 2}S) has been carried out with the method of quasi-classical trajectory on the new potential energy surface. Integral cross sections and thermal rate constants have been calculated, providing perhaps the most reliable estimate of the integral cross sections and the rate constants known thus far for such a reaction.

  4. Effective hole extraction using MoO{sub x}-Al contact in perovskite CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3} solar cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhao, Yixin; Nardes, Alexandre M.; Zhu, Kai

    2014-05-26

    We report an 11.4%-efficient perovskite CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3} solar cell using low-cost molybdenum oxide/aluminum (i.e., MoO{sub x}/Al) as an alternative top contact to replace noble/precious metals (e.g., Au or Ag) for extracting photogenerated holes. The device performance of perovskite solar cells using a MoO{sub x}/Al top contact is comparable to that of cells using the standard Ag top contact. Analysis of impedance spectroscopy measurements suggests that using 10-nm-thick MoO{sub x} and Al does not affect charge-recombination properties of perovskite solar cells. Using a thicker (20-nm) MoO{sub x} layer leads to a lower cell performance caused mainly by a reduced fill factor. Our results suggest that MoO{sub x}/Al is promising as a low-cost and effective hole-extraction contact for perovskite solar cells.

  5. Hydrogen Storage Properties of New Hydrogen-Rich BH3NH3-Metal Hydride (TiH2, ZrH2, MgH2, and/or CaH2) Composite Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Choi, Young Joon; Xu, Yimin; Shaw, Wendy J.; Ronnebro, Ewa

    2012-04-19

    Ammonia borane (AB = NH3BH3) is one of the most attractive materials for chemical hydrogen storage due to its high hydrogen contents of 19.6 wt.%, however, impurity levels of borazine, ammonia and diborane in conjunction with foaming and exothermic hydrogen release calls for finding ways to mitigate the decomposition reactions. In this paper we present a solution by mixing AB with metal hydrides (TiH2, ZrH2, MgH2 and CaH2) which have endothermic hydrogen release in order to control the heat release and impurity levels from AB upon decomposition. The composite materials were prepared by mechanical ball milling, and their H2 release properties were characterized by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The formation of volatile products from decomposition side reactions, such as borazine (N3B3H6) was determined by mass spectrometry (MS). Sieverts type pressure-composition-temperature (PCT) gas-solid reaction instrument was adopted to observe the kinetics of the H2 release reactions of the combined systems and neat AB. In situ 11B MAS-NMR revealed a destabilized decomposition pathway. We found that by adding specific metal hydrides to AB we can eliminate the impurities and mitigate the heat release.

  6. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    18,297 19,826 47,451 63,446 52,160 77,866 1998-2015 Pipeline Prices 5.48 5.45 4.08 6.63 10.55 5.18 1998

  7. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    10 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 View History Pipeline Volumes 0 336 199 95 373 735 2007-2015 Pipeline Prices -- 7.54 2.62 6.65 4.06 2.96 2007-2015

  8. Bulk gold catalyzed oxidation reactions of amines and isocyanides and iron porphyrin catalyzed N-H and O-H bond insertion/cyclization reactions of diamines and aminoalcohols

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klobukowski, Erik

    2011-12-29

    This work involves two projects. The first project entails the study of bulk gold as a catalyst in oxidation reactions of isocyanides and amines. The main goal of this project was to study the activation and reactions of molecules at metal surfaces in order to assess how organometallic principles for homogeneous processes apply to heterogeneous catalysis. Since previous work had used oxygen as an oxidant in bulk gold catalyzed reactions, the generality of gold catalysis with other oxidants was examined. Amine N-oxides were chosen for study, due to their properties and use in the oxidation of carbonyl ligands in organometallic complexes. When amine N-oxides were used as an oxidant in the reaction of isocyanides with amines, the system was able to produce ureas from a variety of isocyanides, amines, and amine N-oxides. In addition, the rate was found to generally increase as the amine N-oxide concentration increased, and decrease with increased concentrations of the amine. Mechanistic studies revealed that the reaction likely involves transfer of an oxygen atom from the amine N-oxide to the adsorbed isocyanide to generate an isocyanate intermediate. Subsequent nucleophilic attack by the amine yields the urea. This is in contrast to the bulk gold-catalyzed reaction mechanism of isocyanides with amines and oxygen. Formation of urea in this case was proposed to proceed through a diaminocarbene intermediate. Moreover, formation of the proposed isocyanate intermediate is consistent with the reactions of metal carbonyl ligands, which are isoelectronic to isocyanides. Nucleophilic attack at coordinated CO by amine N-oxides produces CO{sub 2} and is analogous to the production of an isocyanate in this gold system. When the bulk gold-catalyzed oxidative dehydrogenation of amines was examined with amine N-oxides, the same products were afforded as when O{sub 2} was used as the oxidant. When the two types of oxidants were directly compared using the same reaction system and conditions, it was found that the oxidative dehydrogenation of dibenzylamine to Nbenzylidenebenzylamine, with N-methylmorpholine N-oxide (NMMO), was nearly quantitative (96%) within 24 h. However, the reaction with oxygen was much slower, with only a 52% yield of imine product over the same time period. Moreover, the rate of reaction was found to be influenced by the nature of the amine N-oxide. For example, the use of the weakly basic pyridine N-oxide (PyNO) led to an imine yield of only 6% after 24 h. A comparison of amine N-oxide and O2 was also examined in the oxidation of PhCH{sub 2}OH to PhCHO catalyzed by bulk gold. In this reaction, a 52% yield of the aldehyde was achieved when NMMO was used, while only a 7% product yield was afforded when O{sub 2} was the oxidant after 48 h. The bulk gold-catalyzed oxidative dehydrogenation of cyclic amines generates amidines, which upon treatment with Aerosil and water were found to undergo hydrolysis to produce lactams. Moreover, 5-, 6-, and 7-membered lactams could be prepared through a one-pot reaction of cyclic amines by treatment with oxygen, water, bulk gold, and Aerosil. This method is much more atom economical than industrial processes, does not require corrosive acids, and does not generate undesired byproducts. Additionally, the gold and Aerosil catalysts can be readily separated from the reaction mixture. The second project involved studying iron(III) tetraphenylporphyrin chloride, Fe(TPP)Cl, as a homogeneous catalyst for the generation of carbenes from diazo reagents and their reaction with heteroatom compounds. Fe(TPP)Cl, efficiently catalyzed the insertion of carbenes derived from methyl 2-phenyldiazoacetates into O-H bonds of aliphatic and aromatic alcohols. Fe(TPP)Cl was also found to be an effective catalyst for tandem N-H and O-H insertion/cyclization reactions when 1,2-diamines and 1,2-alcoholamines were treated with diazo reagents. This approach provides a one-pot process for synthesizing piperazinones and morpholinones and related analogues such as quinoxalinones and benzoxazin-2-ones.

  9. Synthesis and crystal structure of a new open-framework iron phosphate (NH{sub 4}){sub 4}Fe{sub 3}(OH){sub 2}F{sub 2}[H{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 4}]: Novel linear trimer of corner-sharing Fe(III) octahedra

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mi, Jin-Xiao; Wang, Cheng-Xin; Chen, Ning; Li, Rong; Pan, Yuanming

    2010-12-15

    A new iron phosphate (NH{sub 4}){sub 4}Fe{sub 3}(OH){sub 2}F{sub 2}[H{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 4}] has been synthesized hydrothermally at HF concentrations from 0.5 to 1.2 mL. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis reveals its three-dimensional open-framework structure (monoclinic, space group P2{sub 1}/n (No. 14), a=6.2614(13) A, b=9.844(2) A, c=14.271(3) A, {beta}=92.11(1){sup o}, V=879.0(3) A{sup 3}). This structure is built from isolated linear trimers of corner-sharing Fe(III) octahedra, which are linked by (PO{sub 4}) groups to form ten-membered-ring channels along [1 0 0]. This isolated, linear trimer of corner-sharing Fe(III) octahedra, [(FeO{sub 4}){sub 3}(OH){sub 2}F{sub 2}], is new and adds to the diverse linkages of Fe polyhedra as secondary building units in iron phosphates. The trivalent iron at octahedral sites for the title compound has been confirmed by synchrotron Fe K-edge XANES spectra and magnetic measurements. Magnetic measurements also show that this compound exhibit a strong antiferromagnetic exchange below T{sub N}=17 K, consistent with superexchange interactions expected for the linear trimer of ferric octahedra with the Fe-F-Fe angle of 132.5{sup o}. -- Graphical abstract: The three-dimensional open-framework structure of (NH{sub 4}){sub 4}Fe{sub 3}(OH){sub 2}F{sub 2}[H{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 4}] is built from a novel isolated, linear (FeO{sub 4}){sub 3}(OH){sub 2}F{sub 2} trimer of corner-sharing Fe(III) octahedra linked by PO{sub 4} tetrahedra. Display Omitted

  10. EUDEEP (Smart Grid Project) (United Kingdom) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    technical and nontechnical barriers that prevent a massive deployment of distributed energy resources (DER) in Europe. In partnership with manu facturers, research organizations,...

  11. HiperDNO (Smart Grid Project) (United Kingdom) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    is to develop a new generation of distribution network management systems that exploits novel near to realtime HPC solutions with inherent security and intelligent communications...

  12. Geobacter: The Junk Food Connoisseurs of the Bacterial Kingdom

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    With a healthy appetitie for uranium and petroleum, this family of bacteria clean up nuclear waste and other toxic materials. A team of researchers has discovered exactly how they use their arms to do this.

  13. The united kingdom's changing requirements for spent fuel storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hodgson, Z.; Hambley, D.I.; Gregg, R.; Ross, D.N.

    2013-07-01

    The UK is adopting an open fuel cycle, and is necessarily moving to a regime of long term storage of spent fuel, followed by geological disposal once a geological disposal facility (GDF) is available. The earliest GDF receipt date for legacy spent fuel is assumed to be 2075. The UK is set to embark on a programme of new nuclear build to maintain a nuclear energy contribution of 16 GW. Additionally, the UK are considering a significant expansion of nuclear energy in order to meet carbon reduction targets and it is plausible to foresee a scenario where up to 75 GW from nuclear power production could be deployed in the UK by the mid 21. century. Such an expansion, could lead to spent fuel storage and its disposal being a dominant issue for the UK Government, the utilities and the public. If the UK were to transition a closed fuel cycle, then spent fuel storage should become less onerous depending on the timescales. The UK has demonstrated a preference for wet storage of spent fuel on an interim basis. The UK has adopted an approach of centralised storage, but a 16 GW new build programme and any significant expansion of this may push the UK towards distributed spent fuel storage at a number of reactors station sites across the UK.

  14. Fenix (Smart Grid Project) (United Kingdom) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    with realistic DER penetration; Development of a layered communication and control solution validated for a comprehensive set of network use cases , including normal...

  15. London, United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ltd ACF Ltd BMT Renewables Ltd BP Alternative Energy BP Plc Beetle Capital Partners BCP Biodiesel Energy Trading Limited Bioethanol Limited Biomass Fuels Ltd BFL Bloomberg New...

  16. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    leaders and government ministers. The Supreme Council is responsible for petroleum and natural gas policy-making, including contract review. It also sets broad policies for the...

  17. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's NA 2.61 2000's 4.07 4.01 3.37 6.08 6.44 10.88 7.26 7.52 9.72 5.04 2010's 5.48 5.45 4.08 6.63 10.55 5.18

  18. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 6.06 5.95 6.14 5.56 4.91 5.14 5.66 4.76 4.54 4.33 4.49 4.58 2012 4.22 3.79 3.14 2.55 2.72 3.49 3.75 3.52 3.30 3.80 5.65 6.66 2013 6.80 10.16 6.41 5.43 5.13 5.13 4.70 4.12 4.26 3.98 5.55 11.73 2014 19.82 25.10 12.88 5.74 5.10 5.68 4.55 3.74 3.29 3.53 5.53 9.52 2015 8.36 11.64 7.49 3.23 3.00 3.12 3.03 3.18 3.59 4.12 3.87 3.72

  19. Public Service Co of NH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    800-662-7764 Outage Map: www.eversource.comContentgen Green Button Access: Implemented Green Button Landing Page: www.psnh.comSaveEnergyMo Green Button Reference Page:...

  20. Synthesis and crystal structure of (NH{sub 4}){sub 3}[UO{sub 2}(CH{sub 3}COO){sub 3}]{sub 2}[UO{sub 2}(CH{sub 3}COO)(NCS){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Serezhkina, L. B.; Peresypkina, E. V.; Virovets, A. V.; Karasev, M. O.

    2010-01-15

    Single crystals of the compound (NH{sub 4}){sub 3}[UO{sub 2}(CH{sub 3}COO){sub 3}]{sub 2}[UO{sub 2}(CH{sub 3}COO)(NCS){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O)] (I) are synthesized, and their structure is investigated using X-ray diffraction. Compound I crystallizes in the monoclinic system with the unit cell parameters a = 18.3414(6) A, b = 16.3858(7) A, c = 12.4183(5) A, {beta} = 92.992(1){sup o}, space group C2/c, Z = 4, V = 3727.1(3) A{sup 3}, and R = 0.0253. The uranium-containing structural units of crystals I are mononuclear complexes of two types with an island structure, i.e., the [UO{sub 2}(CH{sub 3}COO){sub 3}]{sup -} anionic complexes belonging to the crystal-chemical group (AB{sub 3}{sup 01} = UO{sub 2}{sup 2+}, B{sup 01} = CH{sub 3}COO{sup -}) of the uranyl complexes and the [UO{sub 2}(CH{sub 3}COO)(NCS){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O)]{sup -} anionic complexes belonging to the crystal-chemical group AB{sup 01}M{sub 3}{sup 1} (A = UO{sub 2}{sup 2+}, B{sup 01} = CH{sub 3}COO{sup -}, M{sup 1} = NCS{sup -} or H{sub 2}O).

  1. An assessment of using oil shale for power production in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hill, L.J.; Holcomb, R.S.; Petrich, C.H.; Roop, R.D.

    1990-11-01

    This report addresses the oil shale-for-power-production option in Jordan. Under consideration are 20- and 50-MW demonstration units and a 400-MW, commercial-scale plant with, at the 400-MW scale, a mining operation capable of supplying 7.8 million tonnes per year of shale fuel and also capable of disposal of up to 6.1 million tonnes per year of wetted ash. The plant would be a direct combustion facility, burning crushed oil shale through use of circulating fluidized bed combustion technology. The report emphasizes four areas: (1) the need for power in Jordan, (2) environmental aspects of the proposed oil shale-for-power plant(s), (3) the engineering feasibility of using Jordan's oil shale in circulating fluidized bed combustion (CFBC) boiler, and (4) the economic feasibility of the proposed plant(s). A sensitivity study was conducted to determine the economic feasibility of the proposed plant(s) under different cost assumptions and revenue flows over the plant's lifetime. The sensitivity results are extended to include the major extra-firm benefits of the shale-for-power option: (1) foreign exchange savings from using domestic energy resources, (2) aggregate income effects of using Jordan's indigenous labor force, and (3) a higher level of energy security. 14 figs., 47 tabs.

  2. DLC+VIT4IP (Smart Grid Project) (United Kingdom) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    applications. These shall include the existing power distribution network for novel services in smart electricity distribution networks such as demand side management,...

  3. Diagnostic experiments at a 3 MeV test stand at Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (United Kingdom)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gabor, C.; Faircloth, D. C.; Lawrie, S. R.; Letchford, A. P.; Lee, D. A.; Pozimski, J. K.

    2010-02-15

    A front end is currently under construction consisting of a H{sup -} Penning ion source (65 keV, 60 mA), low energy beam transport (LEBT), and radio frequency quadrupole (3 MeV output energy) with a medium energy beam transport suitable for high power proton applications. Diagnostics can be divided either in destructive techniques such as beam profile monitor, pepperpot, slit-slit emittance scanner (preferably used during commissioning) or nondestructive, permanently installed devices such as photodetachment-based techniques. Another way to determine beam distributions is a scintillator with charge-coupled device camera. First experiments have been performed to control the beam injection into the LEBT. The influence of beam parameters such as particle energy and space-charge compensation on the two-dimensional distribution and profiles will be presented.

  4. EM Renews Information-Sharing Agreement with United Kingdom's Nuclear Decommissioning Authority

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    PHOENIX – EM’s top official this week renewed an agreement between DOE and the U.K.’s Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA) that expands the scope of their information sharing.

  5. A Resurgence of United Kingdom Nuclear Power Research (2011 EFRC Forum)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Grimes, Robin W. (Imperial College, London, UK)

    2012-03-14

    Robin W. Grimes, Professor at Imperial College, London,was the third speaker in the the May 26, 2011 EFRC Forum session, "Global Perspectives on Frontiers in Energy Research." In his presentation, Professor Grimes discussed recent research endeavors in advanced nuclear energy systems being pursued in the UK. The 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum brought together the EFRC community and science and policy leaders from universities, national laboratories, industry and government to discuss "Science for our Nation's Energy Future." In August 2009, the Office of Science established 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers. The EFRCs are collaborative research efforts intended to accelerate high-risk, high-reward fundamental research, the scientific basis for transformative energy technologies of the future. These Centers involve universities, national laboratories, nonprofit organizations, and for-profit firms, singly or in partnerships, selected by scientific peer review. They are funded at $2 to $5 million per year for a total planned DOE commitment of $777 million over the initial five-year award period, pending Congressional appropriations. These integrated, multi-investigator Centers are conducting fundamental research focusing on one or more of several ?grand challenges? and use-inspired ?basic research needs? recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The purpose of the EFRCs is to integrate the talents and expertise of leading scientists in a setting designed to accelerate research that transforms the future of energy and the environment.

  6. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to United Kingdom (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 0 0 2010's 9,584 2,862 0...

  7. Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to United Kingdom (Dollars

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2010 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 6.79 7.32 2011 7.66 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2012 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2014 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2015 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --

  8. The Greening of the Middle Kingdom: The Story of Energy Efficiency in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levine, Mark D.; Zhou, Nan; Price, Lynn

    2009-05-01

    The dominant image of China's energy system is of billowing smokestacks from the combustion of coal. More heavily dependent on coal than any other major country, China uses it for about 70 percent of its energy (NBS, 2008). Furthermore, until recently, China had very few environmental controls on emissions from coal combustion; recent efforts to control sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) emissions appear to be meeting with some success (Economy, 2007, 2009). Figure 1 shows the dominant use of coal in China's energy system from 1950 to 1980 (NBS, various years). However, this is just one side of China's energy story. Figure 2 illustrates the second part, and what may be the most important part of the story - China's energy system since 1980, shortly after Deng Xiaoping assumed full leadership. This figure compares the trends in energy consumption and gross domestic product (GDP) by indexing both values to 100 in 1980. The upper line shows what energy consumption in China would have been if it had grown at the same rate as GDP, since energy consumption usually increases in lockstep with GDP in an industrializing, developing country, at least until it reaches a high economic level. The lower line in Figure 2 shows China's actual energy consumption, also indexed to 1980. The striking difference between the lines shows that GDP in China grew much faster than energy demand from 1980 to 2002. As a result, by 2002 energy and energy-related carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) emissions were more than 40% percent of what they would have been if energy and GDP had grown in tandem. In the next chapter of China's energy history, from 2002 to 2005, the increase in energy demand outstripped a very rapidly growing economy, and because of the large size of the Chinese economy, the increase had substantial impacts. The construction of power plants increased to 100 gigawatts per year; over the three-year period newly constructed plants had a capacity of more than 30 percent of total electricity-generation capacity in the United States. At the same time, energy-related CO{sub 2} emissions in China increased dramatically. In the latest stage, another abrupt change, this time for the better in terms of energy efficiency, began late in 2005. As senior officials in the government turned their attention to the problem of growing energy demand, the government set a mandatory goal for 2010 of a 20 percent reduction in energy intensity (defined as energy use per unit of GDP) from 2005 levels. To meet this goal, China undertook significant legislative, regulatory, and organizational reforms at the national, provincial, and municipal levels to ensure that measures to reduce energy intensity would be implemented in all sectors and activities in China. At the time of this writing, it appears that China is on its way to meeting the 20 percent goal, thus reducing CO{sub 2} emissions by 1.5 billion tones, as compared with consumption at 2005 energy-intensity levels. In this paper, we describe and assess these three significant periods in China's energy story and provide a context by briefly reviewing the three decades prior to 1980.

  9. U.S. Department of Energy Welcomes the United Kingdom as 21st...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    DOE most recently welcomed South Korea, Italy, Canada, and Senegal as GNEP partners. At ... GNEP partners - China, France, Japan, Russia and the United States - signed the GNEP ...

  10. Price Liquefied Sabine Pass, LA Natural Gas Exports Price to United Kingdom

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's 6.93 7.66 -- -- --

  11. Price Liquefied Sabine Pass, LA Natural Gas Exports Price to United Kingdom

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 7.66

  12. Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to United Kingdom (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's 7.13 7.66

  13. Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to United Kingdom (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2010 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 6.79 7.32 2011 7.66 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --

  14. Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to United Kingdom (Dollars

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's 7.13 7.66 --

  15. Energy implications of the thermal recovery of biodegradable municipal waste materials in the United Kingdom

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burnley, Stephen; Phillips, Rhiannon; Coleman, Terry; Rampling, Terence

    2011-09-15

    Highlights: > Energy balances were calculated for the thermal treatment of biodegradable wastes. > For wood and RDF, combustion in dedicated facilities was the best option. > For paper, garden and food wastes and mixed waste incineration was the best option. > For low moisture paper, gasification provided the optimum solution. - Abstract: Waste management policies and legislation in many developed countries call for a reduction in the quantity of biodegradable waste landfilled. Anaerobic digestion, combustion and gasification are options for managing biodegradable waste while generating renewable energy. However, very little research has been carried to establish the overall energy balance of the collection, preparation and energy recovery processes for different types of wastes. Without this information, it is impossible to determine the optimum method for managing a particular waste to recover renewable energy. In this study, energy balances were carried out for the thermal processing of food waste, garden waste, wood, waste paper and the non-recyclable fraction of municipal waste. For all of these wastes, combustion in dedicated facilities or incineration with the municipal waste stream was the most energy-advantageous option. However, we identified a lack of reliable information on the energy consumed in collecting individual wastes and preparing the wastes for thermal processing. There was also little reliable information on the performance and efficiency of anaerobic digestion and gasification facilities for waste.

  16. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 336 2012 0 138 55 5 2013 21 75 2014 185 76 64 25 23 2015 214 146 92 48 50 181 2

  17. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 5,804 3,798 865 295 2,790 248 792 242 144 126 655 4,066 2012 6,044 5,109 1,927 2,629 2,692 3,438 3,976 3,786 4,614 3,630 4,452 5,155 2013 6,664 6,797 6,522 5,574 4,956 4,182 5,538 4,209 3,136 2,256 6,141 7,471 2014 7,089 5,624 6,224 4,169 1,568 2,080 1,855 1,458 4,627 4,137 6,480 6,847 2015 8,000 7,546 8,124 6,273 4,777 4,491 6,616 6,172 6,339 7,583 6,587 5,359

  18. Hydrothermally stable, low-temperature NO.sub.x reduction NH.sub.3-SCR catalyst

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Narula, Chaitanya K; Yang, Xiaofan

    2015-03-24

    A catalyst composition includes a heterobimetallic zeolite characterized by a chabazite structure loaded with copper ions and at least one trivalent metal ion other than Al.sup.3+. The catalyst composition decreases NO.sub.x emissions in diesel exhaust and is suitable for operation in a catalytic converter.

  19. Update and Improve Subsection NH - Simplified Elastic and Inelastic Design Analysis Methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jeries J. Abou-Hanna; Douglas L. Marriott; Timothy E. McGreevy

    2009-06-27

    The objective of this subtask is to develop a template for the 'Ideal' high temperature design Code, in which individual topics can be identified and worked on separately in order to provide the detail necessary to comprise a comprehensive Code. Like all ideals, this one may not be attainable as a practical matter. The purpose is to set a goal for what is believed the 'Ideal' design Code should address, recognizing that some elements are not mutually exclusive and that the same objectives can be achieved in different way. Most, if not all existing Codes may therefore be found to be lacking in some respects, but this does not mean necessarily that they are not comprehensive. While this subtask does attempt to list the elements which individually or in combination are considered essential in such a Code, the authors do not presume to recommend how these elements should be implemented or even, that they should all be implemented at all. The scope of this subtask is limited to compiling the list of elements thought to be necessary or at minimum, useful in such an 'Ideal' Code; suggestions are provided as to their relationship to one another. Except for brief descriptions, where these are needed for clarification, neither this repot, nor Task 9 as a whole, attempts to address details of the contents of all these elements. Some, namely primary load limits (elastic, limit load, reference stress), and ratcheting (elastic, e-p, reference stress) are dealt with specifically in other subtasks of Task 9. All others are merely listed; the expectation is that they will either be the focus of attention of other active DOE-ASME GenIV Materials Tasks, e.g. creep-fatigue, or to be considered in future DOE-ASME GenIV Materials Tasks. Since the focus of this Task is specifically approximate methods, the authors have deemed it necessary to include some discussion on what is meant by 'approximate'. However, the topic will be addressed in one or more later subtasks. This report describes work conducted toward developing a template for what might be the 'Ideal' high temperature design Code. While attempting to be as comprehensive as possible as to subject matter, it does not presume to recommend what individual components of a Code should be implemented, some of which is the focus of other Tasks in the DOE-ASME Gen IV/NGNP Materials Projects. This report does serve as a basis for construction of an attribute chart which is being prepared as part of Task 9.2; the intention for which is to provide a uniform format and concise means for summarizing and comparing other high temperature Codes currently in use around the world.

  20. Progress on Acidic Zirconia Mixed Oxides for Efficient NH3-SCR...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    PDF icon deer10rohart.pdf More Documents & Publications Lean NOx Reduction with Dual Layer LNTSCR Catalysts Development of Optimal Catalyst Designs and Operating...

  1. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- 7.61 -- 2010's -- 7.54 2.62 6.65 4.06 2.96

  2. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 7.54 2012 2.20 2.65 2.46 3.48 2013 14.87 4.39 2014 4.06 4.09 4.01 5.00 3.08 2015 2.81 3.05 2.90 2.95 3.03 3.09 2.09

  3. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 64 0 2010's 0 336 199 95 373 735

  4. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 336 2012 0 138 55 5 2013 21 75 2014 185 76 64 25 23 2015 214 146 92 48 50 181 2

  5. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's NA 22,820 2000's 38,289 45,808 29,014 34,983 17,257 28,041 31,853 56,879 39,438 26,767 2010's 18,297 19,826 47,451 63,446 52,160 77,866

  6. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 5,804 3,798 865 295 2,790 248 792 242 144 126 655 4,066 2012 6,044 5,109 1,927 2,629 2,692 3,438 3,976 3,786 4,614 3,630 4,452 5,155 2013 6,664 6,797 6,522 5,574 4,956 4,182 5,538 4,209 3,136 2,256 6,141 7,471 2014 7,089 5,624 6,224 4,169 1,568 2,080 1,855 1,458 4,627 4,137 6,480 6,847 2015 8,000 7,546 8,124 6,273 4,777 4,491 6,616 6,172 6,339 7,583 6,587 5,359

  7. EECBG Success Story: Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    New Hampshire has a plan to lower expenses and create jobs, all while conserving energy. The state has received $17.3 million in Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) funding. Learn more.

  8. Evaluation of NH3-SCR Catalyst Technology on a 250-kW Stationary...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Engine and Reactor Evaluations of HC-SCR for Diesel NOx Reduction Development of Optimal Catalyst Designs and Operating Strategies for Lean NOx Reduction in Coupled LNT-SCR Systems...

  9. Year Month U.S. Average PAD District I Average CT ME MA NH RI

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1994 January ... 89.6 91.0 90.2 83.8 88.4 80.4 87.3 88.8 92.1 102.5 February ... 92.9 94.6 93.8 90.4 91.3 86.6 91.4 92.3 91.5 105.5...

  10. Year Month U.S. Average PAD District I Average CT ME MA NH RI

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    1993 January ... 94.3 95.7 94.9 85.2 94.0 87.1 91.7 93.4 91.2 105.2 February ... 94.6 95.9 96.2 85.4 94.4 86.9 91.8 93.3 90.8 106.8...

  11. Year Month U.S. Average PAD District I Average CT ME MA NH RI

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1995 January ... 86.9 87.6 86.7 77.8 84.8 78.4 87.3 85.7 88.4 102.4 February ... 87.4 88.2 87.8 77.4 84.9 78.5 87.3 85.9 88.5 103.4...

  12. Year Month U.S. Average PAD District I Average CT ME MA NH RI

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1996 January ... 94.6 96.1 94.5 93.0 92.0 89.1 94.9 92.6 94.7 111.7 February ... 95.9 97.5 96.2 93.2 93.8 90.8 95.6 93.7 94.4 112.9...

  13. Year Month U.S. Average PAD District I Average CT ME MA NH RI

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1997 January ... 107.9 109.0 108.6 105.2 106.5 102.1 107.0 104.4 106.5 130.4 February ... 105.1 106.0 105.2 102.2 103.4 101.0 104.5...

  14. ,"Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to United Kingdom (Million Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Annual",2015 ,"Release Date:","2/29/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","3/31/2016" ,"Excel File Name:","ngm_epg0_ere_nus-nuk_mmcfa.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/ngm_epg0_ere_nus-nuk_mmcfa.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"2/26/2016 2:50:47

  15. 2011 Laser Diagnostics in Combustion Gordon Research Conference, (August 14-19, 2011, Waterville Valley Resort, Waterville Valley, NH)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas Settersten

    2011-08-19

    The vast majority of the world's energy needs are met by combustion of fossil fuels. Optimum utilization of limited resources and control of emissions of pollutants and greenhouse gases demand sustained improvement of combustion technology. This task can be satisfied only by detailed knowledge of the underlying physical and chemical processes. Non-intrusive laser diagnostics continuously contribute to our growing understanding of these complex and coupled multi-scale processes. The GRC on Laser Diagnostics in Combustion focuses on the most recent scientific advances and brings together scientists and engineers working at the leading edge of combustion research. Major tasks of the community are developing and applying methods for precise and accurate measurements of fluid motion and temperatures; chemical compositions; multi-phase phenomena appearing near walls, in spray and sooting combustion; improving sensitivities, precision, spatial resolution and tracking transients in their spatio-temporal development. The properties and behaviour of novel laser sources, detectors, optical systems that lead to new diagnostic capabilities are also part of the conference program.

  16. Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 1): Fletcher`s Paint Works and Storage, Milford, NH, September 30, 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1999-03-01

    This decision document presents the selected remedial action for the Fletcher`s Paint Works and Storage Facility Superfund Site (Site) located in Milford, New Hampshire. This ROD sets forth the selected remedy for Operable Unit On at the Fletcher`s Paint Site, which involves the excavation and on-site treatment of principal threat wastes which consist of primarily PCB contaminated soils, the replacement of those treated soils at the Site, and placement of a soil and asphalt cover over the residual low level threat wastes. The selected remedy also includes monitored natural attenuation of the contaminated groundwater in the overburdened and bedrock aquifers and institutional controls to prevent future ingestion of contaminated groundwater, as well as restrictions on the use and assess to the subsurface soils at the Elm Street Site.

  17. Report on the SNL/AWE/NSF international workshop on joint mechanics, Dartington, United Kingdom, 2729 April 2009.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ewins, David J.; Bergman, Lawrence A.; Segalman, Daniel Joseph

    2010-08-01

    The SNL/AWE joint mechanics workshop, held in Dartington Hall, Totnes, Devon, UK 26-29 April 2009 was a follow up to another international joints workshop held in Arlington, Virginia, in October 2006. The preceding workshop focused on identifying what length scales and interactions would be necessary to provide a scientific basis for analyzing and understanding joint mechanics from the atomistic scale on upward. In contrast, the workshop discussed in this report, focused much more on identification and development of methods at longer length scales that can have a nearer term impact on engineering analysis, design, and prediction of the dynamics of jointed structures. Also, the 2009 meeting employed less technical presentation and more break out sessions for developing focused strategies than was the case with the early workshop. Several 'challenges' were identified and assignments were made to teams to develop approaches to address those challenges.

  18. Abnormal crystal growth in CH3NH3PbI3-xClx using a multi-cycle solution coating process

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Dong, Qingfeng; Yuan, Yongbo; Shao, Yuchuan; Fang, Yanjun; Wang, Qi; Huang, Jinsong

    2015-06-23

    Recently, the efficiency of organolead trihalide perovskite solar cells has improved greatly because of improved material qualities with longer carrier diffusion lengths. Mixing chlorine in the precursor for mixed halide films has been reported to dramatically enhance the diffusion lengths of mixed halide perovskite films, mainly as a result of a much longer carrier recombination lifetime. Here we report that adding Cl containing precursor for mixed halide perovskite formation can induce the abnormal grain growth behavior that yields well-oriented grains accompanied by the appearance of some very large size grains. The abnormal grain growth becomes prominent only after multi-cycle coatingmore » of MAI : MACl blend precursor. The large grain size is found mainly to contribute to a longer carrier charge recombination lifetime, and thus increases the device efficiency to 18.9%, but without significantly impacting the carrier transport property. As a result, the strong correlation identified between material process and morphology provides guidelines for future material optimization and device efficiency enhancement.« less

  19. Moving to Sustainable Metals. Multifunctional Ligands in Catalytic, Outer Sphere C-H, N-H and O-H Activation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crabtree, Robert

    2015-03-03

    Much of our work during this grant period has emphasized green chemistry and sustainability. For example, we were able to convert glycerine, a waste byproduct of biodiesel production, into lactic acid, a compound with numerous applications, notably in the food and cosmetics industry, as well as being a source material for a biodegradable plastic. This work required a catalyst, that ceases to work after a certain lapse of time. We were able to identify the way in which this deactivation occurs by identifying some of the metal catalyst deactivation products. These proved to be multimetallic clusters containing up to six metals and up to 14 hydrogen atoms. Both the catalytic reaction itself and the deactivation structures are novel and unexpected. We have previously proposed that nitrogen heterocycles could be good energy carriers in a low CO2 future world. In another part of our study, we found catalysts for introduction of hydrogen, an energy carrier that is hard to store, into nitrogen heterocycles. The mechanism of this process proved to be unusual in that the catalyst transfers the H2 to the heterocycle in the form of H+ and H-, first transferring the H+ and only then the H-. In a third area of study, some of our compounds, originally prepared for DOE catalysis purposes, also proved useful in hydrocarbon oxidation and in water oxidation. The latter is important in solar-to-fuel work, because, by analogy with natural photosynthesis, the goal of the Yale Solar Group of four PIs is to convert sunlight to hydrogen and oxygen, which requires water splitting catalysts. The catalysts that proved useful mediate the latter reaction: water oxidation to oxygen. In a more technical study, we developed methods for distinguishing the case where catalysis is mediated by a soluble catalyst from cases where catalysis arises from a deposit of finely divided solid. One particular application involved electrocatalysis, where catalysis is driven by application of a voltage to electrodes dipped in the reactant mixture. We measured the mass increase of an electrode as material is deposited, and were able to see how this process is affected by the voltage supplied to the electrode. Our work continues to be well cited and we often receive requests for information or samples from fellow researchers.

  20. Addendum to Guarantee Testing Results from the Greenidge Multi-Pollutant Control Project: Additiona NH3, NOx, and CO Testing Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniel P. Connell; James E. Locke

    2008-03-01

    On March 28-30 and May 1-4, 2007, CONSOL Energy Inc. Research & Development (CONSOL R&D) performed flue gas sampling at AES Greenidge to verify the performance of the multi-pollutant control system recently installed by Babcock Power Environmental Inc. (BPEI) on the 107-MW Unit 4 (Boiler 6). The multi-pollutant control system includes combustion modifications and a hybrid selective non-catalytic reduction (SNCR)/in-duct selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system to reduce NO{sub x} emissions, followed by a Turbosorp{reg_sign} circulating fluidized bed dry scrubber system and baghouse to reduce emissions of SO{sub 2}, SO{sub 3}, HCl, HF, and particulate matter. Mercury removal is provided via the co-benefits afforded by the in-duct SCR, dry scrubber, and baghouse and by injection of activated carbon upstream of the scrubber, as required. The testing in March and May demonstrated that the multi-pollutant control system attained its performance targets for NO{sub x} emissions, SO{sub 2} removal efficiency, acid gas (SO{sub 3}, HCl, and HF) removal efficiency, and mercury removal efficiency. However, the ammonia slip measured between the SCR outlet and air heater inlet was consistently greater than the guarantee of 2 ppmvd {at} 3% O{sub 2}. As a result, additional testing was performed on May 30-June 1 and on June 20-21, 2007, in conjunction with tuning of the hybrid NO{sub x} control system by BPEI, in an effort to achieve the performance target for ammonia slip. This additional testing occurred after the installation of a large particle ash (LPA) screen and removal system just above the SCR reactor and a fresh SCR catalyst layer in mid-May. This report describes the results of the additional tests. During the May 30-June 1 sampling period, CONSOL R&D and Clean Air Engineering (CAE) each measured flue gas ammonia concentrations at the air heater inlet, downstream of the in-duct SCR reactor. In addition, CONSOL R&D measured flue gas ammonia concentrations at the economizer outlet, upstream of the SCR reactor, and CAE measured flue gas NO{sub x} and CO concentrations at the sampling grids located at the inlet and outlet of the SCR reactor. During the June 20-21 sampling period, CONSOL R&D measured flue gas ammonia concentrations at the air heater inlet. All ammonia measurements were performed using a modified version of U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Conditional Test Method (CTM) 027. The NO{sub x} and CO measurements were performed using U.S. EPA Methods 7E and 10, respectively.

  1. Demonstration Assessment of Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Parking Lot Lighting at T.J.Maxx in Manchester, NH Phase I

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Myer, Michael; Goettel, Russell T.

    2010-06-29

    A report describing the process and results of replacing existing parking lot lighting, looking at a LED option with occupancy sensors, and conventional alternates. Criteria include payback, light levels, occupant satisfaction. This report is Phase I of II. Phase I deals with initial installation.

  2. Modelling and Development of a High Performance Milling Process...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AMRC - Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre with Boeing, University of Sheffield (United Kingdom) Technicut Limited, 609-617 Attercliffe Road, Sheffield S93RD UK (United Kingdom) ...

  3. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (United...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    United Kingdom) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name EWIS European wind integration study Country United Kingdom Coordinates 55.378052, -3.435973 Loading map......

  4. UK - NETL Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cooperation AgencyCompany Organization National Energy Technology Laboratory Partner United Kingdom Sector Energy Website http:www.netl.doe.govtechno Country United Kingdom...

  5. Wavegen Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    navigation, search Name: Wavegen Ltd Address: 13a Harbour Rd Place: Inverness, Scotland, United Kingdom Zip: IV1 1SY Region: United Kingdom Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic...

  6. AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    United Kingdom) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability identification, dEfense and Restoration Country United Kingdom...

  7. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    | Month | | | Persian | Total | Non | United | | Gulf(1) | OPEC(2) | OPEC | Kingdom | Venezuela | | | |||||...

  8. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    | Month | | | Persian | Total | Non | United | | Gulf(1) | OPEC(2) | OPEC | Kingdom | Venezuela| | | ||||| 1978...

  9. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    | | | || | | Year | | | | | Month | | | Persian | Total | Non | United | | Gulf(1) | OPEC(2) | OPEC | Kingdom | Venezuela | | | |...

  10. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    | | | Year | | | | | Month | | | Persian | Total | Non | United | | Gulf(1) | OPEC(2) | OPEC | Kingdom | Venezuela| | | |||...

  11. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    | | Year | | | | | Month | | | Persian | Total | Non | United | | Gulf(1) | OPEC(2) | OPEC | Kingdom | Venezuela| | | ||||...

  12. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    | | Year | | | | | Month | | | Persian | Total | Non | United | | Gulf(1) | OPEC(2) | OPEC | Kingdom | Venezuela | | | |||...

  13. DOE F 414

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    United States Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration United Kingdom Ministry of Defence Certification

  14. Abnormal crystal growth in CH3NH3PbI3-xClx using a multi-cycle solution coating process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dong, Qingfeng; Yuan, Yongbo; Shao, Yuchuan; Fang, Yanjun; Wang, Qi; Huang, Jinsong

    2015-06-23

    Recently, the efficiency of organolead trihalide perovskite solar cells has improved greatly because of improved material qualities with longer carrier diffusion lengths. Mixing chlorine in the precursor for mixed halide films has been reported to dramatically enhance the diffusion lengths of mixed halide perovskite films, mainly as a result of a much longer carrier recombination lifetime. Here we report that adding Cl containing precursor for mixed halide perovskite formation can induce the abnormal grain growth behavior that yields well-oriented grains accompanied by the appearance of some very large size grains. The abnormal grain growth becomes prominent only after multi-cycle coating of MAI : MACl blend precursor. The large grain size is found mainly to contribute to a longer carrier charge recombination lifetime, and thus increases the device efficiency to 18.9%, but without significantly impacting the carrier transport property. As a result, the strong correlation identified between material process and morphology provides guidelines for future material optimization and device efficiency enhancement.

  15. EV Community Readiness projects: New York City and Lower Hudson Valley Clean Communities, Inc. (NY, MA, PA); NYSERDA (ME, NH, VT, MA, RI, CT, NY, NJ, PA, DE, MD, DC)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

  16. Property:Project Country | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    property. (previous 25) (next 25) M MHK Projects + United Kingdom + MHK Projects40MW Lewis project + United Kingdom + MHK ProjectsADM 3 + Ireland + MHK ProjectsADM 4 + United...

  17. Cambridge Enterprise | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Enterprise Jump to: navigation, search Name: Cambridge Enterprise Place: United Kingdom Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Subsidiary Division )...

  18. TITLE AUTHORS SUBJECT SUBJECT RELATED DESCRIPTION PUBLISHER AVAILABILI...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Braithwaite P Ove Arup Partners Birmingham United Kingdom ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES POLLUTION CONTROL BENTONITE CONTAINMENT SOILS REMEDIAL ACTION ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT The...

  19. Containment barrier at Pride Park, Derby, England Barker, P....

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    P. Ove Arup & Partners, Birmingham (United Kingdom) 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; POLLUTION CONTROL; BENTONITE; CONTAINMENT; SOILS; REMEDIAL ACTION; ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT The...

  20. EA-1123: Finding of No Significant Impact

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Transfer of Normal and Low-Enriched Uranium Billets to the United Kingdom, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington

  1. Bioconversion Technologies | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search Name: Bioconversion Technologies Place: United Kingdom Sector: Biofuels Product: Second-generation biofuels technology developer References: Bioconversion...

  2. SETsquared Business Acceleration | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    SETsquared Business Acceleration Jump to: navigation, search Name: SETsquared Business Acceleration Place: United Kingdom Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal...

  3. EA-1123: Final Environmental Assessment

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Transfer of Normal and Low-Enriched Uranium Billets to the United Kingdom, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington

  4. Solent Enterprise Hub | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Solent Enterprise Hub Place: United Kingdom Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Government Public sector ) References: Solent Enterprise...

  5. Enterprise Fellowship Scheme EFS | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Fellowship Scheme (EFS) Place: United Kingdom Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Academic Research foundation ) References: Enterprise...

  6. Reading Enterprise Hub | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Reading Enterprise Hub Place: United Kingdom Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Academic Research foundation ) References: Reading...

  7. Biocity Nottingham | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Biocity Nottingham Place: United Kingdom Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Government Public sector )...

  8. Westminster Energy Environment Transport Forum | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Westminster Energy Environment Transport Forum Jump to: navigation, search Name: Westminster Energy, Environment & Transport Forum Place: United Kingdom Product: String...

  9. Secretary Bodman Highlights President Bush's Solar America Initiative in

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Merrimack , NH | Department of Energy President Bush's Solar America Initiative in Merrimack , NH Secretary Bodman Highlights President Bush's Solar America Initiative in Merrimack , NH February 23, 2006 - 12:14pm Addthis MERRIMACK , NH - Department of Energy (DOE) Secretary Samuel W. Bodman joined Representatives Jeb Bradley (NH-1st) and Charles Bass (NH-2nd) to highlight President Bush's Solar America Initiative, during a visit to GT Solar Technologies in Merrimack, New Hampshire, today.

  10. VA VT CT RI MT WY CO ID UT OR NV CA AZ NM WA TN WV NC AR OK

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2 1 Smart Grid Demonstration Project Locations NH MA 16 Awards Support Projects in 21 States

  11. Nevis Engine Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    United Kingdom Zip: WIT IDG Sector: Efficiency Product: Developer of an internal combustion engine that hopes to double fuel efficiency. Coordinates: 51.506325, -0.127144...

  12. Hi Spec Research Developments Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Spec Research Developments Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hi-Spec Research & Developments Ltd Place: Fowey, Cornwall, United Kingdom Zip: PL12 1HB Sector: Renewable Energy,...

  13. Secretary Chu Joins with World Leaders to Sign International...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    IPEEC signatories included members of the G8 - Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States, and key emerging economies ...

  14. Microsoft Word - Final Nuclear Materials Management and Safeguards...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. ...

  15. UNCLASSIFIED Institute for Materials ...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Co-ordinator & Visiting Professor Oxford University Materials United Kingdom "Magnetic" Molecular Dynamics and Other Models for Fusion Reactor Materials Tuesday, September 15,...

  16. SeaScape Energy Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Lancaster, United Kingdom Zip: LA1 4XQ Sector: Wind energy Product: Develops offshore wind farms - specifically the Burbo Bank project. Coordinates: 42.847505, -90.709634...

  17. Energy Saving Technology | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Saving Technology Jump to: navigation, search Name: Energy Saving Technology Place: Sheffield, United Kingdom Zip: S25 3QX Product: Developer of a proprietary flameless catalytic...

  18. Community Energy Plus | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Plus Jump to: navigation, search Name: Community Energy Plus Place: Camborne, England, United Kingdom Zip: TR14 0HX Sector: Efficiency, Renewable Energy Product: Camborne-based...

  19. Long Hill Energy Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hill Energy Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Long Hill Energy Ltd Place: United Kingdom Sector: Wind energy Product: JV formed by Snowmountain Eneterprises Ltd and Wind Direct...

  20. Ost Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Ost Energy Place: London, United Kingdom Zip: NW11 7TJ Product: Provides engineering and technical consultancy for PV and STEG projects in Italy and Spain. Coordinates:...

  1. The Evolution of Host Specialization in the Vertebrate Gut Symbiont...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    University of Nebraska, Lincoln University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand Institute of Food Research, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, United Kingdom U.S. Department of Energy,...

  2. Bloomberg New Energy Finance formerly New Energy Finance Ltd...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    formerly New Energy Finance Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bloomberg New Energy Finance (formerly New Energy Finance Ltd) Place: London, Greater London, United Kingdom Zip:...

  3. Nanotecture Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ltd Place: Southampton, United Kingdom Zip: SO16 7NS Product: A fast growing nanotechnology materials company spun out of the University of Southampton Coordinates:...

  4. Saxon Windpower Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Saxon Windpower Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Saxon Windpower Ltd Place: Ipswich, United Kingdom Zip: IP19 0LA Sector: Wind energy Product: Wind farm developer....

  5. Community Windpower Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Windpower Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Community Windpower Ltd Place: United Kingdom Zip: WA6 6XU Sector: Wind energy Product: Community focused developer of windfarms in...

  6. CSP Today | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Today Jump to: navigation, search Name: CSP Today Place: London, United Kingdom Zip: E1 6PX Product: Organiser of conferences for STEG and CPV technologies. References: CSP...

  7. MHK Projects/Plymouth Sound | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":"" Project Profile Project Start Date 111999 Project City Plymouth Sound, NULL Project Country United Kingdom Project...

  8. ITI Energy Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Rotherham, England, United Kingdom Zip: S60 5WG Product: Manufacturer of gasification systems, which were developed over ten years at Newcastle University. References:...

  9. Land Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Land Energy Place: North Yorkshire, United Kingdom Zip: YO62 5DQ Sector: Biomass, Renewable Energy Product: A renewable-energy company...

  10. Insource Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy Place: England, United Kingdom Sector: Biomass Product: The energy and waste management business provides biomass boilers and anaerobic digestion combined heat and...

  11. Psymetrix Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ltd Place: Edinburgh, United Kingdom Zip: EH6 6SU Product: Provides real-time software solutions for the electricity supply industry that enable blackout prevention and...

  12. Beck Mickle Hydro Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Mickle Hydro Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Beck Mickle Hydro Ltd. Place: Lancashire, England, United Kingdom Zip: LA4 4AY Product: Development of a technology, which...

  13. Goat Industries Fuels | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Industries Fuels Jump to: navigation, search Name: Goat Industries Fuels Place: Gwynedd, Wales, United Kingdom Zip: LL56 4PZ Product: Welsh manufacturer of biodiesel equipment that...

  14. International Energy Agency (IEA) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.2 Headlines IEA Deputy Executive Director explores...

  15. Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom and United States Mission OECD brings together the governments of...

  16. Co2balance | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    balance Jump to: navigation, search Name: Co2balance Place: United Kingdom Sector: Carbon Product: Carbon offset provider based in Somerset, UK. References: Co2balance1 This...

  17. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Aruba (Fact Sheet); NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-03-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Aruba, an autonomous member of the Kingdom of the Netherlands located off the coast of Venezuela.

  18. University of Manchester | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: University of Manchester Address: Core Technology Facility 46 Grafton St Place: Manchester Zip: M13 9NT Region: United Kingdom Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone Number:...

  19. University of Greenwich | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Greenwich Jump to: navigation, search Name: University of Greenwich Address: Old Royal Naval College, 30 Park Row, London, Greenwich SE10 9LS, United Kingdom Year Founded: 1890...

  20. Napier University | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    University Jump to: navigation, search Name: Napier University Place: Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom Zip: EH14 1DJ Product: A university located in Edinburgh, Scotland that...

  1. Living Villages Holdings Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Holdings Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Living Villages Holdings Ltd Place: England, United Kingdom Zip: Shropshire SY9 Product: Living Villages is a residential property...

  2. Ames Laboratory scientist's calculation featured on cover of...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Pecharsky and Karl Gschneidner, Jr. The scientists collaborated with lead author Leon Petit from the Daresbury Laboratory in the United Kingdom and Julie Staunton from Warwick...

  3. Fact #643: October 4, 2010 Four Cylinder Engine Installations...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    United Kingdom from 1999 to 2009. The total amount includes the following countries: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Eire, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, ...

  4. U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Overview

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Republic of Korea Norway Russian Federation South Africa United Kingdom United States Australia Austria Brazil Canada China European Commission France Germany Iceland India Italy ...

  5. Petbow Cogeneration Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Petbow Cogeneration Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Petbow Cogeneration Ltd Place: United Kingdom Product: CHP systems. References: Petbow Cogeneration Ltd1 This article is...

  6. Ryle Technology Ltd UK | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Technology Ltd UK Place: United Kingdom Sector: Wind energy Product: Focused on wind blade technology development. References: Ryle Technology Ltd UK1 This article is a stub....

  7. Oxford Innovation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Innovation Jump to: navigation, search Name: Oxford Innovation Place: United Kingdom Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Private family-controlled )...

  8. Isis Innovation Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Isis Innovation Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Isis Innovation Ltd Place: United Kingdom Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Academic Research...

  9. Centre for Enterprise and Innovation CEI | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Enterprise and Innovation CEI Jump to: navigation, search Name: Centre for Enterprise and Innovation (CEI) Place: United Kingdom Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal...

  10. Sussex Innovation Centre | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Innovation Centre Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sussex Innovation Centre Place: United Kingdom Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Academic ...

  11. Turquoise International Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    London, Greater London, United Kingdom Zip: EC4V 4GG Product: London-based corporate finance advisory and asset management company focusing on energy and the environment....

  12. Keld Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    United Kingdom Zip: CA10 1NN Sector: Biomass Product: Keld Energy has developed a novel highly efficient biomass fired co-generation process technology based upon...

  13. Intensified Technology ITI | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Technology (ITI) Place: Selby, United Kingdom Zip: Y08 9HF Product: Developer of a novel gasification system based on process intensification and miniaturisation technologies....

  14. Nujira Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Nujira Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Nujira Ltd Place: Cambridge, United Kingdom Product: A Cambridge-based developer of power amplifier technology for the wireless...

  15. Polysolar Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    navigation, search Name: Polysolar Ltd. Place: United Kingdom Sector: Solar Product: Cambridge, UK-based start up developing new solar cell architectures with industrial partners...

  16. Cambridge Display Technology Ltd CDT | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Technology Ltd CDT Jump to: navigation, search Name: Cambridge Display Technology Ltd (CDT) Place: Cambridgeshire, United Kingdom Zip: CB3 6DW Product: A major player in the...

  17. Reaction Engineering Solutions Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Reaction Engineering Solutions Ltd. Place: Cambridge, United Kingdom Zip: CB4 3QG Product: PUk-based, provider of computational solutions...

  18. Camfridge Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Camfridge Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Camfridge Ltd Place: Cambridge, United Kingdom Zip: CB4 OWS Sector: Efficiency Product: Camfridge is a spinout of the University of...

  19. The Wash Tidal Barrier Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: The Wash Tidal Barrier Corporation Place: Cambridge, England, United Kingdom Zip: CB24 8RX Product: Company building a tidal barrier...

  20. Element Energy Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Element Energy Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Element Energy Ltd. Place: Cambridge, England, United Kingdom Zip: CB1 2JD Product: Cambridge-based strategic energy...

  1. The Environment Council | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Council Jump to: navigation, search Name: The Environment Council Place: London, England, United Kingdom Zip: WC1V 7BF Product: UK's environmental engagement charity. Coordinates:...

  2. WEF-Green Growth Partnerships Initiative | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    World Economic Forum Partner Global Green Growth Institute, Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Government Sector Energy, Land, Climate Topics...

  3. Future Energy Yorkshire | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Yorkshire Jump to: navigation, search Name: Future Energy Yorkshire Place: Leeds, United Kingdom Zip: LS11 5AE Sector: Services Product: Leeds-based, wholly owned subsidiary of...

  4. Future Energy Solutions | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Solutions Jump to: navigation, search Name: Future Energy Solutions Place: Didcot, United Kingdom Zip: OX11 0QR Product: Future Energy Solutions is a sustainable energy...

  5. Zimbabwe-Terms of Reference for Future LEDS | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name Zimbabwe-Terms of Reference for Future LEDS AgencyCompany Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom...

  6. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States. c) North Sea includes offshore supply from...

  7. The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States. OPEC Organization of the Petroleum...

  8. Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States. OPEC Organization of the Petroleum...

  9. Indonesia-Low Carbon Growth Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Growth Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Indonesia Low Carbon Growth Project AgencyCompany Organization United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner...

  10. Carbon Trust Investments Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Investments Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Carbon Trust Investments Ltd Place: United Kingdom Sector: Carbon Product: UK-based venture capital investment division of The...

  11. Carbon International | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    International Jump to: navigation, search Name: Carbon International Place: London, United Kingdom Zip: NW1 8LH Sector: Carbon Product: London-based energy and communications...

  12. Carbon Connections | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Connections Jump to: navigation, search Name: Carbon Connections Place: Norfolk, England, United Kingdom Zip: NR4 7TJ Sector: Carbon Product: Carbon Connections links partner...

  13. Universal Carbon Credits Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Universal Carbon Credits Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name: Universal Carbon Credits Limited Place: London, England, United Kingdom Zip: EC3A6DF Sector: Carbon Product:...

  14. Carbon Trade Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Carbon Trade Ltd Place: Scotland, United Kingdom Zip: ML12 6HW Product: Scotland-based landfill gas project developer. References: Carbon...

  15. Asset Carbon | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Carbon Jump to: navigation, search Name: Asset Carbon Place: United Kingdom Product: UK-based startup looking to invest in CDMJI projects. References: Asset Carbon1 This article...

  16. Low Carbon London - A Learning Journey (Smart Grid Project) ...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    - A Learning Journey (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Low Carbon London - A Learning Journey Country United Kingdom Headquarters Location London,...

  17. Carbon Trust Enterprises Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Enterprises Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name: Carbon Trust Enterprises Limited Place: London, United Kingdom Zip: WC2A 2AZ Sector: Carbon Product: Carbon Trust Enterprises...

  18. International Carbon Reduction Offset Alliance ICROA | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Carbon Reduction Offset Alliance ICROA Jump to: navigation, search Name: International Carbon Reduction & Offset Alliance (ICROA) Place: United Kingdom Sector: Carbon Product:...

  19. Carbon Compliance Acquisition 16 Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Compliance Acquisition 16 Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name: Carbon Compliance Acquisition 16 Limited Place: United Kingdom Zip: LS12DS Product: Security broking and fund...

  20. Carbon Markets Global Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Markets Global Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Carbon Markets Global Ltd Place: London, United Kingdom Zip: NW4 2HT Product: Assist project originators develop and finance...

  1. Carbon Capital | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Capital Jump to: navigation, search Name: Carbon Capital Place: United Kingdom Sector: Carbon Product: Manages a carbon fund specialised in forestry projects References: Carbon...

  2. Carbon Limiting Technologies | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Limiting Technologies Jump to: navigation, search Name: Carbon Limiting Technologies Place: London, Greater London, United Kingdom Zip: N1 8HA Sector: Carbon Product: UK-based...

  3. ABS Biodiesel | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Biodiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name: ABS Biodiesel Place: United Kingdom Product: UK-based biodiesel producer developing a plant in Avonmouth, near Bristol. References: ABS...

  4. V Fuels Biodiesel Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Biodiesel Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name: V-Fuels Biodiesel Limited Place: United Kingdom Product: UK-based biodiesel producers. References: V-Fuels Biodiesel Limited1...

  5. Rix Biodiesel Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rix Biodiesel Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name: Rix Biodiesel Limited Place: Hull, United Kingdom Zip: HU8 7JR Product: Manufacture, blends and resells biodiesel....

  6. Cleantech Professional Resource Global Limited CPR Global | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Professional Resource Global Limited CPR Global Jump to: navigation, search Name: Cleantech Professional Resource Global Limited (CPR Global) Place: London, United Kingdom Zip:...

  7. EVO Electric Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Greater London, United Kingdom Zip: GU21 5JY Product: EVO Electric Limited develops electrical motors and generators for use in gensets, powertrains, and traction motors in...

  8. Crystalox Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Crystalox Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Crystalox Ltd Place: Wantage (near Oxford), United Kingdom Sector: Solar Product: Merged with PV Silicon AG in Erfurt, Germany to...

  9. Solar Century Holdings Solarcentury | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Solar Century Holdings Solarcentury Jump to: navigation, search Name: Solar Century Holdings (Solarcentury) Place: London, Greater London, United Kingdom Zip: SE1 7AB Sector:...

  10. Lomox Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    England, United Kingdom Zip: SK9 2LR Product: Cheshire-based company developing OLED lighting wallpaper. Coordinates: 53.326799, -2.227897 Show Map Loading map......

  11. West Clare Renewable Energy Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    United Kingdom Sector: Wind energy Product: A wind project developer established to build the Mount Callan wind farm in County Clare Ireland. References: West Clare Renewable...

  12. ACAL Energy Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    United Kingdom Zip: L69 7ZB Product: Specialises in improving catalytic conversion in PEM fuel cells. Coordinates: 53.409773, -2.978481 Show Map Loading map......

  13. Vickers Electronics Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Vickers Electronics Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Vickers Electronics Ltd Place: United Kingdom Product: Manchester-based company which installs an Energy Management System...

  14. Silicon CPV Plc formerly Akhter Renewables | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Silicon CPV Plc (formerly Akhter Renewables) Place: Harlow, United Kingdom Zip: CM18 7PN Product: Developing CPV, using its own Fresnel lens design and tracking systems....

  15. Energy Innovations Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ltd. Place: Suffolk, United Kingdom Zip: IP13 0AT Sector: Biomass, Renewable Energy Product: Energy Innovations is focused on the design and installation of renewable heating...

  16. Natsource Europe Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Natsource Europe Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Natsource Europe Ltd Place: Richmond, Greater London, United Kingdom Zip: TW9 1EP Product: The European office of Natsource...

  17. SSE Generation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    SSE Generation Jump to: navigation, search Name: SSE Generation Place: Perth, Scotland, United Kingdom Zip: PH1 3AQ Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Owns and operates around half...

  18. Econergy Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Bedfordshire, United Kingdom Zip: SG19 3SH Product: Econergy provides heating and CHP solutions. Coordinates: 52.06403, -0.42284 Show Map Loading map......

  19. Peninsula Power Company Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ltd Place: Crediton, United Kingdom Zip: EX17 6AE Sector: Renewable Energy Product: CHP renewable power project developer. References: Peninsula Power Company Ltd1 This...

  20. Pure Energy Professionals PEP Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Professionals PEP Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Pure Energy Professionals (PEP) Ltd Place: Helston, United Kingdom Zip: TR13 8EB Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Pure...

  1. John Blinkhorne | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    John Blinkhorne Place: Dundee, United Kingdom Product: Managing Director of Advanced Batteries Ltd. Coordinates: 45.27939, -123.009669 Show Map Loading map......

  2. RWE npower Renewables and Consolidation Services RCS | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    npower Renewables and Consolidation Services RCS Jump to: navigation, search Name: RWE npower Renewables and Consolidation Services (RCS) Place: Swindon, United Kingdom Zip: SN5...

  3. AGM Batteries Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    navigation, search Name: AGM Batteries Ltd Place: United Kingdom Product: Manufactures lithium-ion cells and batteries for AEA Battery Systems Ltd. References: AGM Batteries Ltd1...

  4. Evergreen Securities formerly Ethanol Investments | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Securities formerly Ethanol Investments Jump to: navigation, search Name: Evergreen Securities (formerly Ethanol Investments) Place: London, England, United Kingdom Zip: EC2V 5DE...

  5. Cornwall Light Power CLP | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cornwall Light Power CLP Jump to: navigation, search Name: Cornwall Light & Power (CLP) Place: Didcot, England, United Kingdom Zip: OX11 9DD Sector: Wind energy Product:...

  6. Alkane Energy Plc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kingdom Zip: NG21 9PR Sector: Services Product: Designs, builds, operates and services methane treatment and generation plants. Coordinates: 53.145962, -1.00554 Show Map...

  7. Energy Financing Team | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Financing Team Jump to: navigation, search Name: Energy Financing Team Place: United Kingdom Product: London-based investment and trading group which specialises in the central and...

  8. Eco Pellets | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Eco Pellets Place: Leicestershire, United Kingdom Zip: LE10 2AZ Product: Briquettes and wood pellet manufacturer. Coordinates: 52.685261, -1.01295 Show Map Loading map......

  9. Envirogen Sustainable Resources ESR | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Scunthorpe, United Kingdom Zip: DN17 4LN Product: Manufacturers and suppliers of wood pellets. Coordinates: 53.586502, -0.651811 Show Map Loading map......

  10. Green Peninsula | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Peninsula Place: St Austell, Cornwall, England, United Kingdom Zip: PL25 3NL Sector: Wind energy Product: Uk based, Green Peninsula, is a wind power project development service...

  11. TFS Green | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    TFS Green Jump to: navigation, search Name: TFS Green Place: United Kingdom Sector: Services Product: TFS Green is the environmental markets desk of Tradition Environmental...

  12. Green Enterprises | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Enterprises Jump to: navigation, search Name: Green Enterprises Place: London, United Kingdom Zip: SW7 1QJ Sector: Carbon Product: As an active participant in the global carbon...

  13. Green Power Conferences | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Conferences Jump to: navigation, search Name: Green Power Conferences Place: London, Greater London, United Kingdom Zip: SE1 7SJ Sector: Renewable Energy Product: London-based...

  14. Green Spirit Fuels | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Spirit Fuels Jump to: navigation, search Name: Green Spirit Fuels Place: Somerset, United Kingdom Zip: BA8 OTN Sector: Biofuels Product: The company was founded to produce and...

  15. Green Gas International | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    International Jump to: navigation, search Name: Green Gas International Place: Richmond upon Thames, United Kingdom Zip: TW10 6UW Product: The company establishes coal mine,...

  16. Green Highland | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Highland Jump to: navigation, search Name: Green Highland Place: United Kingdom Sector: Hydro Product: Specialises in developing small to medium scale hydro electric schemes....

  17. Green Chicane | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Chicane Jump to: navigation, search Name: Green Chicane Place: East Horsley, England, United Kingdom Zip: KT24 5AG Sector: Services Product: Surrey based company that invests in...

  18. Green Capital Management | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Capital Management Jump to: navigation, search Name: Green Capital Management Place: London, United Kingdom Zip: SW10 0BB Sector: Services Product: The Green Capital Management...

  19. Tilbury Green Power | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Tilbury Green Power Place: United Kingdom Sector: Biomass Product: UK based Tilbury Green Power is a 100% subsidiary of Express Energy Holdings, developing biomass fired...

  20. The Green Renewable Energy Company Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renewable Energy Company Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name: The Green Renewable Energy Company Limited Place: London, United Kingdom Sector: Biomass Product: Company to...

  1. Green Ventures Search | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Search Jump to: navigation, search Name: Green Ventures Search Place: Surrey, United Kingdom Zip: GU3 3BP Sector: Renewable Energy Product: UK-based executive search firm...

  2. United Utilities Green Energy Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Green Energy Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: United Utilities Green Energy Ltd Place: England, United Kingdom Sector: Hydro, Renewable Energy Product: United Utilities Green...

  3. Green Systems UK | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Systems UK Jump to: navigation, search Name: Green Systems UK Place: Cambridge, United Kingdom Sector: Solar Product: Design and installation of vacuum tube & flat plate solar hot...

  4. Green Biologics | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Biologics Jump to: navigation, search Name: Green Biologics Place: Oxfordshire, United Kingdom Sector: Biomass, Renewable Energy Product: Oxfordshire-based industrial biotech...

  5. Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    School of Enterprise and the Environment Jump to: navigation, search Name: Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment Place: Oxford, England, United Kingdom Product: String...

  6. Solar Energy Alliance | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Alliance Jump to: navigation, search Name: Solar Energy Alliance Place: United Kingdom Sector: Solar, Wind energy Product: Grant approved installers of micro wind power and solar...

  7. Select Solar | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Solar Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Select Solar Name: Select Solar Address: Unit 5 Blakehill Business Park Chelworth Road Cricklade SN6 6JD Place: Cricklade, United Kingdom...

  8. EPOD Solar Wales Ltd formerly ICP Solar Technologies Ltd | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wales Ltd formerly ICP Solar Technologies Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: EPOD Solar (Wales) Ltd (formerly ICP Solar Technologies Ltd) Place: Mid Glamorgan, United Kingdom...

  9. Sun Shine Solar | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Shine Solar Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Sun Shine Solar Name: Sun Shine Solar Place: Norwich, United Kingdom Sector: Solar Product: Solar energy products Phone Number: 01508...

  10. Solar Energy Home | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Home Jump to: navigation, search Name: Solar Energy Home Address: 28 Church Road Place: London, United Kingdom Sector: Solar Product: Solar energy systems and equipment Phone...

  11. Solar Home Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Home Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Solar Home Energy Place: Bournemouth, United Kingdom Sector: Renewable Energy, Solar Product: Solar Home Energy is one of the...

  12. International Nuclear Services Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Nuclear Services Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: International Nuclear Services Ltd Place: Cheshire, England, United Kingdom Zip: WA3 6AS Sector: Services Product:...

  13. ENTECH European Nuclear Technologies Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ENTECH European Nuclear Technologies Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: ENTECH (European Nuclear Technologies Ltd.) Place: Bristol, United Kingdom Zip: BS99 7JT Product: Entech...

  14. VT Nuclear Services ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    VT Nuclear Services ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: VT Nuclear Services ltd Place: Warrington, United Kingdom Zip: WA4 4BP Sector: Services Product: VT Nuclear Services...

  15. Sellafield Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cumbria, England, United Kingdom Zip: CA20 1PG Product: England-based subsidiary of Nuclear Management Partners Ltd (NMP) managing the decommissioning of many of the UK's...

  16. Energy Supplier Obligations and White Certificate Schemes: Comparative...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ways different European Union (EU) member states, including the United Kingdom, Italy, France, Denmark and Belgium, have implemented energy supplier obligations and white...

  17. The Environmental Building Partnership Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Partnership Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: The Environmental Building Partnership Ltd Place: Aberdeen, Scotland, United Kingdom Zip: AB24 3UE Product: The Environmental...

  18. Renewable Devices Swift Turbine Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Swift Turbine Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Renewable Devices Swift Turbine Ltd Place: Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom Zip: EH26 0PH Sector: Wind energy Product:...

  19. Iskra Wind Turbine Manufacturers Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Iskra Wind Turbine Manufacturers Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Iskra Wind Turbine Manufacturers Ltd Place: Nottingham, United Kingdom Sector: Wind energy Product: Iskra...

  20. Vykson Formerly Turbine Developments NI Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Vykson Formerly Turbine Developments NI Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Vykson (Formerly Turbine Developments (NI) Ltd) Place: Canterbury, England, United Kingdom Zip: BR6...

  1. Lafarge Roofing Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kingdom Zip: RH4 1TG Product: Distributes and installs roofing tiles, including photovoltaic ones. Coordinates: 48.231575, -101.134114 Show Map Loading map......

  2. British Photovoltaic Association | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Photovoltaic Association Jump to: navigation, search Name: British Photovoltaic Association Place: Milton Keynes, United Kingdom Zip: MK5 8NG Product: Trade body for the PV...

  3. Whitfield Solar Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kingdom Zip: RG6 6AU Sector: Renewable Energy, Solar Product: Developing solar photovoltaic concentrators aimed at generating clean renewable energy for the world market....

  4. Passiv Systems | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: England, United Kingdom Zip: RG14 2PZ Product: UK based developer of a home energy management system, covering heating, hot water and electrical appliances....

  5. Elastic Moduli of Unalloyed Delta Plutonium (Conference) | SciTech...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Resource Relation: Conference: Plutonium Futures 2012 ; 2012-07-16 - 2012-07-20 ; Cambridge, United Kingdom Research Org: Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) Sponsoring Org:...

  6. Instability and Anharmonicity in Plutonium Thermo-physical Properties...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP: FUNDAMENTAL PLUTONIUM PROPERTIES ; 2012-07-21 - 2012-07-22 ; Cambridge, United Kingdom Research Org: Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) Sponsoring Org:...

  7. Chemical Quantification of Atomic-Scale EDS Maps under Thin Specimen...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Affiliations Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States) Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom). Dept. of Materials Science and Metallurgy Los Alamos National Lab....

  8. Instability and Anharmonicity in Plutonium Thermo-physical Properties...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Resource Relation: Conference: XII INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP: FUNDAMENTAL PLUTONIUM PROPERTIES ; 2012-07-21 - 2012-07-22 ; Cambridge, United Kingdom Research Org: Los Alamos National ...

  9. Three-dimensional simulation of H-mode plasmas with localized...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Heslington, York YO10 5DD, United Kingdom Plasma Science and Fusion Center, MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA ITER Organization, Route de Vinon-sur-Verdon, CS 90046 - ...

  10. The effects of dilution on turbulence and transport in C-Mod...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts 01239, USA General Atomics, San Diego, California 92121, USA University of York, York, United Kingdom Publication Date: 2015-07-01 OSTI Identifier: ...

  11. Southern Solar Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Southern Solar Ltd Place: Offham, East Sussex, United Kingdom Sector: Solar Product: Installer of PV and solar passive hot water systems in the UK. References:...

  12. Orchid Bioenergy Group Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Orchid Bioenergy Group Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Orchid Bioenergy Group Ltd. Place: United Kingdom Sector: Bioenergy Product: A company formed to combine Fairport...

  13. Offshore Wind Accelerator | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Offshore Wind Accelerator Place: United Kingdom Sector: Wind energy Product: Research and development initiative aimed at cutting the cost of offshore wind energy....

  14. Birmingham Research and Development Limited BRDL | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Birmingham Research and Development Limited BRDL Jump to: navigation, search Name: Birmingham Research and Development Limited (BRDL) Place: United Kingdom Sector: Services...

  15. Frazer Nash Research | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Frazer Nash Research Jump to: navigation, search Name: Frazer-Nash Research Place: United Kingdom Sector: Vehicles Product: UK-based developer of electric vehicles, not to be...

  16. Guernsey Renewable Energy Commission GREC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renewable Energy Commission GREC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Guernsey Renewable Energy Commission (GREC) Place: St. Martin, Guernsey, Channel Islands, United Kingdom Zip: GY1...

  17. Peterborough Renewable Energy Ltd PREL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Peterborough Renewable Energy Ltd PREL Jump to: navigation, search Name: Peterborough Renewable Energy Ltd. (PREL) Place: United Kingdom Sector: Renewable Energy Product:...

  18. Alderney Renewable Energy ARE | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Alderney Renewable Energy ARE Jump to: navigation, search Name: Alderney Renewable Energy (ARE) Place: Alderney, Channel Islands, United Kingdom Zip: GY9 3XY Product: AREl develops...

  19. EM Headquarters Hosts British Research Scholar

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON, D.C. – For the first time in four years, EM headquarters is hosting a research scholar from the United Kingdom.

  20. Energy Power Resources Ltd EPR | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy Power Resources Ltd EPR Jump to: navigation, search Name: Energy Power Resources Ltd (EPR) Place: Suffolk, England, United Kingdom Zip: IP12 1BL Sector: Biomass Product:...

  1. DeepStream Technologies | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Bangor, United Kingdom Zip: LL57 4EZ Product: DeepStream Technologies produces digital sensors and controls that measure, monitor, and manage energy usage. References:...

  2. Grangemouth Advanced CO2 Capture Project GRACE | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Grangemouth Advanced CO2 Capture Project GRACE Jump to: navigation, search Name: Grangemouth Advanced CO2 Capture Project (GRACE) Place: United Kingdom Sector: Carbon Product:...

  3. Airtricity Developments NI Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Airtricity Developments NI Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Airtricity Developments NI Ltd Place: Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom Zip: BT2 7AF Sector: Wind energy...

  4. MPower Solutions | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Dundee,, United Kingdom Zip: DD2 4UH Product: MPower Solutions is one Europe's largest battery manufacturers supplying over 500,000 batteries every month. MPower provides optimised...

  5. Axeon Holdings | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Axeon Holdings Place: Aberdeen, United Kingdom Zip: AB22 8GT Product: Owns battery and battery power management system technologies, which it is commercialising for...

  6. Auriga Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Auriga Energy Place: Bristol, United Kingdom Zip: BS1 5UB Sector: Solar, Vehicles Product: String representation "Auriga Energy i ... of the market." is too...

  7. Hillsboro Alternative Energy Fund | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Alternative Energy Fund Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hillsboro Alternative Energy Fund Place: London, England, United Kingdom Zip: SW7 3SS Product: A hedge fund concentrating...

  8. Alternative Energy Finance | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Finance Jump to: navigation, search Name: Alternative Energy Finance Place: London, United Kingdom Zip: NW11 8BU Sector: Renewable Energy Product: String representation...

  9. Northern Ireland Electricity | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ireland Electricity Jump to: navigation, search Name: Northern Ireland Electricity Place: Belfast, United Kingdom Zip: BT9 5HT Product: NIE is reponsible for the regulated...

  10. Ener G Efficiency Plc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Plc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ener.G Efficiency Plc Place: United Kingdom Sector: Buildings Product: Building energy management specialist producing a range of...

  11. ENER G Combined Power formerly Combined Power Ltd | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ENER G Combined Power formerly Combined Power Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: ENER.G Combined Power (formerly Combined Power Ltd) Place: United Kingdom Product: Specialises...

  12. Arbuthnott Wood Pellets Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Scotland, United Kingdom Zip: AB30 1PA Product: Wood pellet producer. Coordinates: 56.932781, -2.42531 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlema...

  13. Sabien Technology Group Plc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sabien Technology Group Plc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sabien Technology Group Plc Place: Manchester, England, United Kingdom Zip: SK8 3GP Product: Sabien builds and...

  14. Process Technology Group of Warwick School of Engineering | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Technology Group of Warwick School of Engineering Jump to: navigation, search Name: Process Technology Group of Warwick School of Engineering Place: Coventry, United Kingdom Zip:...

  15. Axeon Technology Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Technology Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Axeon Technology Ltd Place: United Kingdom Product: Owns the Vindax technology, which controls batteries for more efficient...

  16. Clearpower Technology | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Clearpower Technology Jump to: navigation, search Name: Clearpower Technology Place: Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom Zip: BT3 9DT Sector: Wind energy Product: Clearpower...

  17. Biogas Technology Group Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Group Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Biogas Technology Group Ltd. Place: England, United Kingdom Zip: PE28 5SB Product: UK based, Biogas Technology, provides infrastructure...

  18. EKB Technology | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EKB Technology Jump to: navigation, search Name: EKB Technology Place: Oxfordshire, United Kingdom Product: Developer of a new bioprocessing technology. Coordinates: 51.813938,...

  19. Evince Technology | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Evince Technology Jump to: navigation, search Name: Evince Technology Place: United Kingdom Sector: Efficiency, Wind energy Product: String representation "Evince has pion ... ing...

  20. Leadership for Environment and Development | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    for Environment and Development (LEAD), headquartered in London, United Kingdom, is an international non-profit organization. LEAD programs exist in more than 90 countries where...

  1. Oaktech Environmental | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    United Kingdom Product: A company that delivers turnkey plants using its ArrowBio water-based mechanical-biological treatment process for solid waste. Coordinates:...

  2. United Energy Group PLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Group PLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: United Energy Group PLC Place: Haslemere, United Kingdom Sector: Hydro, Wind energy Product: The company develops small hydro, gas...

  3. Renewable Power Systems | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renewable Power Systems Place: Bedford, England, United Kingdom Zip: MK42 9TW Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Bedford, UK based developer of renewable power systems. References:...

  4. Plymouth Marine Laboratory | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Marine Laboratory Jump to: navigation, search Name: Plymouth Marine Laboratory Place: United Kingdom Product: Carries out strategic and applied marine research. References:...

  5. Amrite Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Amrite Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Amrite Ltd Place: High Wycombe, United Kingdom Zip: HP10 8QP Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Invests in renewable energy project...

  6. Eyeforenergy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Eyeforenergy Jump to: navigation, search Name: eyeforenergy Place: London, England, United Kingdom Zip: E1 6PX Product: London-based firm providing global energy news, products and...

  7. Warmroof | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Warmroof Jump to: navigation, search Name: Warmroof Place: Bournemouth, United Kingdom Sector: Services Product: Warmroof is the only national operator offering complete roof...

  8. GreenPower International | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: GreenPower International Place: Alloa, Scotland, United Kingdom Zip: FK10 3LP Sector: Hydro, Renewable Energy, Wind energy Product:...

  9. Infinergy Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Infinergy Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Infinergy Ltd Place: Wimborne, England, United Kingdom Zip: BH21 1PB Sector: Wind energy Product: Infinergy is a developer of...

  10. Becosolar | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Becosolar Jump to: navigation, search Name: Becosolar Place: Dartmouth, United Kingdom Sector: Solar Product: Becosolar was established in 1980 and has been Solarex BP Solar UK...

  11. Aquafuel Research | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Research Jump to: navigation, search Name: Aquafuel Research Place: Kent, England, United Kingdom Zip: ME9 8HL Sector: Renewable Energy Product: England-based renewable...

  12. Amegni | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Amegni Jump to: navigation, search Name: Amegni Place: United Kingdom Sector: Wind energy Product: Welsh wind farm developer. References: Amegni1 This article is a stub. You can...

  13. Scottish Renewables | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Scottish Renewables Place: Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom Zip: G2 6LD Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Scottish Renewables Forum is a Company Limited by Guarantee, registered...

  14. Catamount Energy Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name: Catamount Energy Limited Place: United Kingdom Sector: Wind energy Product: Wind power project developer working on projects in Scotland....

  15. Agrivert | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Agrivert Jump to: navigation, search Name: Agrivert Place: Chipping Norton, England, United Kingdom Zip: OX7 4EB Product: String representation "Agrivert is a m ... aste...

  16. Aquatera | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Aquatera Jump to: navigation, search Name: Aquatera Place: United Kingdom Zip: KW16 3AW Sector: Services Product: Environmental services and products provider. References:...

  17. Novensys | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Novensys Jump to: navigation, search Name: Novensys Place: Penrith, United Kingdom Zip: CA10 1NN Sector: Biomass Product: Developer of a process technology for biomass gasification...

  18. Revonergy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Revonergy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Revonergy Place: United Kingdom Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Revonergy is a renewable energy power company. With a plan to own...

  19. BGlobal | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    BGlobal Jump to: navigation, search Name: BGlobal Place: England, United Kingdom Product: BGlobal was formed in 2003 to install smart meters in the commercial and industrial...

  20. Forever Fuels Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Forever Fuels Ltd Place: Maidenhead, United Kingdom Zip: SL6 8RT Product: Forever Fuels specialises in the distribution and supply of wood pellets for sustainable heating systems....

  1. ABEnergy Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ABEnergy Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: ABEnergy Ltd Place: Staverton, Glos, United Kingdom Zip: GL2 9QL Sector: Wind energy Product: Developer & owner operator of wind...

  2. Inenco | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Inenco Jump to: navigation, search Name: Inenco Place: United Kingdom Product: Large integrated energy consultancy. UK based. References: Inenco1 This article is a stub. You can...

  3. Envirocapital | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Envirocapital Jump to: navigation, search Name: Envirocapital Place: London, United Kingdom Zip: EC4M 8BU Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Provides corporate finance advice to the...

  4. Targetneutral | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Targetneutral Jump to: navigation, search Name: Targetneutral Place: United Kingdom Product: Non-profit intiative by BP to offset vehicle emissions. References: Targetneutral1...

  5. Semplice Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Semplice Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Semplice Energy Place: Reading, United Kingdom Sector: Efficiency, Renewable Energy Product: Semplice Energy is an energy...

  6. EnviroMarket | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EnviroMarket Jump to: navigation, search Name: EnviroMarket Place: England, United Kingdom Sector: Carbon Product: EnviroMarket provides technical support and advice to corporate,...

  7. Hammerfest UK | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hammerfest UK Place: Scotland, United Kingdom Product: ScottishPower and Norwegian technology company Hammerfest Strm set up a new tidal power company Hammerfest UK utilising...

  8. Sunuser | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Logo: Sunuser Name: Sunuser Address: 157 Buslingthorpe Lane, Leeds, LS7 2DQ Place: Leeds, United Kingdom Sector: Solar Product: Solar thermal Year Founded: 1982 Phone Number: 0800...

  9. International Hydropower Association | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    International Hydropower Association Place: United Kingdom Zip: SM1 4JH Sector: Hydro Product: The International Hydropower Association is a non-governmental mutual association of...

  10. Enersol | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Enersol Jump to: navigation, search Name: Enersol Place: United Kingdom Sector: Carbon, Efficiency, Hydro Product: Enersol works with customers to identify and address energy...

  11. Peter Adams | Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Peter Adams Peter Adams Peter Adams Alumnus Dr. Adams is currently a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Leeds in the United Kingdom. Alumni...

  12. Alternergy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Alternergy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Alternergy Place: London, England, United Kingdom Zip: W4 1JT Sector: Renewable Energy Product: London-based project developer, design...

  13. Seawind Marine | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Seawind Marine Jump to: navigation, search Name: Seawind Marine Place: Plymouth, England, United Kingdom Zip: PL1 5NE Sector: Services, Wind energy Product: Focused on project...

  14. Garrard Hassan | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hassan Jump to: navigation, search Name: Garrard Hassan Place: United Kingdom Sector: Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind energy Product: UK based independent renewable energy...

  15. British Hydropower Association | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    British Hydropower Association Place: Wimborne, Dorset, United Kingdom Zip: BH21 1QU Sector: Hydro Product: The British Hydropower Association (BHA) is a trade association which...

  16. Metalysis | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Metalysis Jump to: navigation, search Name: Metalysis Place: South Yorkshire, United Kingdom Zip: S63 5DB Sector: Efficiency Product: UK-based company offering 50% energy...

  17. Aleltho Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Aleltho Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Aleltho Energy Place: United Kingdom Product: British clean energy venture capital and private equity firm. References: Aleltho...

  18. Planet Fuels | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Fuels Jump to: navigation, search Name: Planet Fuels Place: Brighton, United Kingdom Product: A UK based producer and supplier of biodiesel. References: Planet Fuels1 This...

  19. Dabbrook Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Services Jump to: navigation, search Name: Dabbrook Services Place: Great Yarmouth, United Kingdom Zip: NR31 6PT Sector: Services Product: Provides design and engineering...

  20. Enviko | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Enviko Jump to: navigation, search Name: Enviko Place: London, England, United Kingdom Zip: SW18 1NY Sector: Renewable Energy, Services Product: London-based company providing...

  1. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Forecast System Morcrette, J.-J., European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, United Kingdom Thirteenth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting The...

  2. Viking Energy Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Viking Energy Ltd Place: Lerwick, United Kingdom Zip: ZE1 0JL Sector: Wind energy Product: Company formed to represent Shetland Islands...

  3. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Nigerian Bonny Light Nigerian Forcados Blend Saudi Arabian Light Saudi Arabian Medium United Kingdom Brent Venezuelan Furrial Venezuelan Leona 1978 Average ... 15.04 -...

  4. GHESolar | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    GHESolar Jump to: navigation, search Name: GHESolar Place: United Kingdom Zip: RG14 2TF Sector: Solar Product: Wholesaler of solar panels based in Berkshire, UK. References:...

  5. Whirlwind Renewables | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Whirlwind Renewables Place: Huddersfield, England, United Kingdom Sector: Renewable Energy, Wind energy Product: Whirlwind Renewables Limited...

  6. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Nigerian Bonny Light Nigerian Forcados Blend Saudi Arabian Light Saudi Arabian Medium United Kingdom Brent Venezuelan Furrial Venezuelan Leona 1978 Average ... 15.04 -...

  7. Ownergy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ownergy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ownergy Place: United Kingdom Sector: Renewable Energy Product: UK-based firm which specialises in simple end-to-end provision of...

  8. Good Energy UK | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Good Energy UK Place: Wiltshire, United Kingdom Zip: SN15 1ER Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Supplier of renewable electricity to homes and businesses. References: Good Energy...

  9. Ecotricity | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ecotricity Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ecotricity Place: Stroud, United Kingdom Zip: GL5 3AP Sector: Wind energy Product: Ecotricity is a company dedicated to building and...

  10. Table 30. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil for Selected Crude...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Nigerian Bonny Light Nigerian Forcados Blend Saudi Arabian Light Saudi Arabian Medium United Kingdom Brent Venezuelan Furrial Venezuelan Leona 1978 Average ... 15.04 -...

  11. Sustainable Energy Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sustainable Energy Ltd Place: Cardiff, United Kingdom Zip: CF23 5DY Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Energy consultants focused on advising clients on the installation of...

  12. Monodraught | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Monodraught Jump to: navigation, search Name: Monodraught Place: Bucks, United Kingdom Zip: HP12 3SE Product: UK-based company that specialises in the development of natural...

  13. IQE | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    IQE Jump to: navigation, search Name: IQE Place: Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom Zip: CF3 0LW Sector: Solar Product: UK-headquartered global supplier of advanced semiconductor...

  14. BWEA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Logo: BWEA Name: BWEA Address: Greencoat House Francis Street Place: London, United Kingdom Year Founded: 1978 Phone Number: 020 7901 3000 Website: www.bwea.com...

  15. BATNEEC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    BATNEEC Jump to: navigation, search Name: BATNEEC Place: United Kingdom Product: Formed to develop the waste to energy plant at Dargavel, Scotland. References: BATNEEC1 This...

  16. Econnect Group Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Econnect Group Ltd Place: Hexham, Northumberland, United Kingdom Zip: NE46 3PU Product: Electrical grid integration specialist. References: Econnect Group Ltd1 This article is a...

  17. Ecolive | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ecolive Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ecolive Place: Northumberland, United Kingdom Zip: NE46 4SH Product: Infrastructure holding company with interests in Russian chemical...

  18. Black Mountain Insulation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Mountain Insulation Jump to: navigation, search Name: Black Mountain Insulation Place: United Kingdom Sector: Carbon Product: UK-based manufacturer of sheeps wool insulation which...

  19. Oxyol | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Oxyol Jump to: navigation, search Name: Oxyol Place: Bath, United Kingdom Zip: BA11UD Product: Oxyol specialises in the commercialisation of clean energy technology across the...

  20. Aquascientific | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Aquascientific Jump to: navigation, search Name: Aquascientific Place: London, England, United Kingdom Zip: W1T 4SB Product: A small team of highly qualified and experienced marine...

  1. Tidal Electric | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tidal Electric Place: London, Greater London, United Kingdom Zip: SW19 8UY Product: Developed a technology named 'tidal lagoons' to build tidal electric projects. Coordinates:...

  2. AMEE | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AMEE Jump to: navigation, search Name: AMEE Place: London, United Kingdom Sector: Carbon Product: AMEE aims to build the largest engine to calculate carbon footprints for...

  3. Ocean Electric Power | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ocean Electric Power Place: United Kingdom Sector: Renewable Energy Product: UK-based offshore project developer. The firm is actively engaged in the development of offshore...

  4. EcoGen Projects Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ltd Place: Machynlleth, United Kingdom Zip: SY20 8WE Sector: Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind energy Product: Renewable energy project developer involved in wind and solar....

  5. Ethos Partners Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ethos Partners Ltd Place: London, United Kingdom Zip: EC2R 7AS Sector: Biomass, Solar, Wind energy Product: Corporate finace consultancy specialising in environmental technology...

  6. Vigor Renewables Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renewables Ltd Place: London, Greater London, United Kingdom Zip: W1W7TH Sector: Solar, Wind energy Product: London-based wind and solar project developer. Coordinates:...

  7. Ensign Energy Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Ensign Energy Ltd. Place: Burnley, United Kingdom Zip: BB11 1SF Sector: Solar, Wind energy Product: Company installs microgeneration equipment on residential housing -...

  8. Foreign Distribution of U.S. Coal by Major Coal-Exporting States...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ," Germany ",71,"-",71," " ," Italy ",61,"-",61," " ," Netherlands ",219,"-",219," " ," Spain ",415,"-",415," " ," Turkey ",362,"-",362," " ," United Kingdom ",282,"-",282," "...

  9. NBGI International | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    London, United Kingdom Zip: EC4V 4BJ Sector: Services Product: NBGI is the leading investment bank providing a full range of investment banking services, including transaction...

  10. Green Investment Bank | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Green Investment Bank Place: United Kingdom Product: UK-based investment bank that will focus on clean energy investment. References: Green Investment Bank1 This article...

  11. Generation Investment Management LLP | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Investment Management LLP Jump to: navigation, search Name: Generation Investment Management LLP Place: London, Greater London, United Kingdom Zip: W1J 0AH Product: Fund manager of...

  12. Win Win International Investment Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Win Win International Investment Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Win-Win International Investment Ltd Place: London, Greater London, United Kingdom Zip: NW8 6PG Sector:...

  13. Econnect Construction Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Econnect Construction Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Econnect Construction Ltd Place: Northumberland, United Kingdom Zip: NE46 3PU Sector: Renewable Energy Product:...

  14. MSA Apparatus Construction for Chemical Equipment Ltd | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    MSA Apparatus Construction for Chemical Equipment Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: MSA Apparatus Construction for Chemical Equipment Ltd Place: United Kingdom Sector: Hydro,...

  15. Osspower Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Osspower Ltd Place: United Kingdom Sector: Hydro Product: Scottish small-hydro project developer. References: Osspower Ltd1 This article is a stub. You can...

  16. Four-Year Plan | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    HEU Removal South Africa HEU Removal Sweden Plutonium Removal Taiwan HEU Removal Turkey HEU Removal Ukraine HEU Removal United Kingdom HEU Removal Uzbekistan HEU Removal...

  17. Greenspan Agency Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Greenspan Agency Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Greenspan Agency Ltd Place: Edinburgh, United Kingdom Zip: EH1 3LH Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Edinburgh-based...

  18. Connective Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    United Kingdom Product: Connective Energy was set-up to capture waste heat from power plants and other heat-generating applications, and transport it to customers. References:...

  19. Energen Biogas | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Biogas Place: United Kingdom Product: Scottish company developing anaerobic digestion plants. References: Energen Biogas1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  20. Emminol | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Guildford, United Kingdom Product: Emminol aims to build and operate ethanol plants. Initially focussed on the European Union, Emminol intends to expand into evolving...

  1. Compact Power Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ltd Place: Bristol, England, United Kingdom Zip: BS11 9HZ Product: Builds gasification plants for municipal, industrial and clinical waste. References: Compact Power Ltd1 This...

  2. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)-Finance Initiative...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Generale (France) Standard Chartered (United Kingdom) Sustainable Asset Management (SAM) (Switzerland) SwissRe (Switzerland) UBS (Switzerland) Chairs Nick Robins, HSBC...

  3. Bronzeoak Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    United Kingdom Zip: CR3 6JG Product: Comprised of several companies that designs, finances, develops, and operates WTE projects in the UK and SEA. References: Bronzeoak...

  4. Ellergreen Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    England, United Kingdom Zip: LA9 5SE Sector: Hydro Product: Develops, operates and finances small hydro sites in Great Britain and Ireland. References: Ellergreen Energy1 This...

  5. International Institute for Environment and Development | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and Development is an organization based in London, United Kingdom. "As an independent international research organisation, we are specialists in linking local to global. In...

  6. The Lightning Car Company Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Lightning Car Company Ltd Place: United Kingdom Sector: Vehicles Product: The Lightning Car Company develops and markets high end electric vehicles. The Lightning GT was...

  7. Climate Exchange Plc formerly Chicago Environmental Plc | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Climate Exchange Plc (formerly Chicago Environmental Plc) Place: Isle of Man, United Kingdom Zip: IM1 1JE Product: An environmental investment company concentrating...

  8. Rugged Renewables EMAT Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EMAT Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Rugged Renewables EMAT Inc Address: Unit 3 Gear House Saltmeadows Road Place: Gateshead Zip: NE8 3AH Region: United Kingdom...

  9. European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Development Address: EBRD One Exchange Square Place: London, United Kingdom Year Founded: 1991 Phone Number: 44 20 7338 6000 Website: www.ebrd.com Coordinates: 51.5760683,...

  10. Howden Wind Turbines Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Howden Wind Turbines Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Howden Wind Turbines Ltd Place: United Kingdom Sector: Wind energy Product: Howden was a manufacturer of wind turbines in...

  11. Craig Wind Farm Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Craig Wind Farm Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Craig Wind Farm Ltd Place: United Kingdom Sector: Wind energy Product: This organisation is a special purpose vehicle (SPV)...

  12. Westmill Wind Farm Co operative Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Westmill Wind Farm Co operative Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Westmill Wind Farm Co-operative Ltd Place: Cumbria, United Kingdom Sector: Wind energy Product: Raising GBP...

  13. 2degrees | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kingdom Zip: OX2 7HT Product: Oxford-based collaborative network provider for sustainability professionals. Coordinates: 43.781517, -89.571699 Show Map Loading map......

  14. Energy Performance Monitor | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kingdom Cost: Paid OpenEI Keyword(s): Building Management, Building Systems, Compliance, Energy Management, Lighting, Reporting, Sustainability, Tools, Water Western Europe,...

  15. Ecolane Transport Conultancy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ecolane Transport Conultancy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ecolane Transport Conultancy Place: Bristol, United Kingdom Zip: BS3 4UB Product: UK-based sustainable transport...

  16. Cleantech Energies Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energies Ltd Place: United Kingdom Sector: Renewable Energy Product: A renewable energy fund. Formally Star Asset Management. References: Cleantech Energies Ltd1 This...

  17. Scottish Centre for Carbon Storage | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Scottish Centre for Carbon Storage Jump to: navigation, search Name: Scottish Centre for Carbon Storage Place: Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom Product: Edinburgh-based research...

  18. EnerSys Motive Power Hawker formerly Energy Storage Group ESG...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Motive Power Hawker formerly Energy Storage Group ESG Jump to: navigation, search Name: EnerSys Motive Power (Hawker), formerly Energy Storage Group (ESG) Place: United Kingdom...

  19. Batteries and Energy Storage Technology BEST | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Batteries and Energy Storage Technology BEST Jump to: navigation, search Name: Batteries and Energy Storage Technology (BEST) Place: United Kingdom Product: International quarterly...

  20. Cryogenic Storage (Smart Grid Project) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cryogenic Storage (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Cryogenic Storage Country United Kingdom Coordinates 55.378052, -3.435973 Loading map......

  1. A Strategy for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) in the United...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: A Strategy for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) in the United Kingdom and Beyond Focus Area: Clean Fossil Energy Topics:...

  2. APS 2000 Conferences

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (Jun. 26-28) University of Sheffield United Kingdom 1st International Workshop on Mechanical Engineering Design of Synchrotron Radiation Equipment and Instrumentation...

  3. Ground Source Solutions | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kingdom Zip: NG22 9GW Sector: Buildings Product: UK-based installer of ground source energy systems to domestic and commercial buildings. References: Ground Source...

  4. Ebony Solutions UK | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ebony Solutions UK Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ebony Solutions UK Place: Northwich, Cheshire, United Kingdom Zip: CW8 2SX Product: A UK biodiesel manufacturer. References:...

  5. BFC Solutions Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    BFC Solutions Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name: BFC Solutions Limited Place: Taunton, England, United Kingdom Zip: TA1 PEJ Sector: Carbon Product: Somerset-based...

  6. Solargen Solutions UK | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Solargen Solutions UK Jump to: navigation, search Name: Solargen Solutions UK Place: United Kingdom Zip: NP 44 3AS Sector: Renewable Energy, Solar Product: String representation...

  7. UK Department of Trade and Industry Renewables Group | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Trade and Industry Renewables Group Jump to: navigation, search Name: UK Department of Trade and Industry Renewables Group Place: London, United Kingdom Sector: Renewable Energy...

  8. A review of high magnetic moment thin films for microscale and...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    A review of high magnetic moment thin films for microscale and ... Weizmann Institute of Science, 76100 Rehovot, Israel, ... BT7 1NN, United Kingdom Materials Science Division, ...

  9. UNFCCC-Global Map-Annex 1 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States Cost: Free Australia and New Zealand, Western...

  10. Appendix A: Reference case

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. 3 Other Europe and Eurasia Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan,...

  11. Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela UN Region: Northern America,...

  12. REEEP | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and developing countries. Its primary focus is the scaling up of clean energy business models. REEEP was originally launched by the government of the United Kingdom along with...

  13. Blue Sphere Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sphere Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name: Blue Sphere Corp Place: London, United Kingdom Product: London-based emission reduction project integrator. References: Blue Sphere...

  14. Delta Energy Environment | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Delta Energy & Environment Place: Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom Zip: G1 3TA Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Delta Energy & Environment provides consultancy, research and...

  15. Sgurr Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sgurr Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sgurr Energy Place: Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom Zip: G42 7JG Product: Engineers and technical and resource consultants....

  16. OECD Input-Output Tables | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    714271111,00.html Country: Sweden, Finland, Japan, South Korea, Argentina, Australia, China, Israel, United Kingdom, Portugal, Romania, Greece, Poland, Slovakia, Chile, India,...

  17. Energy for Sustainable Development ESD | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Energy for Sustainable Development (ESD) Place: Sheffield, United Kingdom Zip: S1 2BX Sector: Carbon, Services Product: Provides consultancy services, and also develops...

  18. Dialight Lumidrives formerly Lumidrives Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Lumidrives Ltd) Place: England, United Kingdom Zip: HG5 8LF Product: Manufacturers of LED technology for architectural and exterior lighting application. References:...

  19. Advanced Leds | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Coventry, England, United Kingdom Zip: CV5 6SP Product: Advanced Leds develops LED technology for outdoor lighting, including street lighting applications. Coordinates:...

  20. Green Dragon | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Green Dragon Place: United Kingdom Product: Produces solid green(tm) fuel made from the by-product of Phoenix Fuel(tm)s biodiesel process, another...

  1. Integrated Development Projects Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Development Projects Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Integrated Development Projects Ltd Place: Devon, United Kingdom Zip: EX18 7BL Sector: Biomass Product: The company's...

  2. UK Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council Jump to: navigation, search Name: UK Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council Place: London, United Kingdom...

  3. Sustain Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kingdom Zip: BS40 5QA Sector: Services Product: Sustain provides consultancy and delivery services to help clients and partners in the public and private sectors bring...

  4. B9 Energy Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    United Kingdom Zip: BT40 2SF Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Service provider and consultor to owners and developers of renewable energy assets. Coordinates: 54.85114,...

  5. Geothermal International Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ltd Place: Coventry, United Kingdom Zip: CV5 6ND Product: Coventry-based, provider of ground source heat pumps for heating and cooling. References: Geothermal International...

  6. Fife Energy Park at Methil | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy Park at Methil Jump to: navigation, search Name: Fife Energy Park at Methil Place: United Kingdom Product: Government & NGO ( Government Public sector ) References: Fife...

  7. Park and Power | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Park and Power Place: East Sussex, England, United Kingdom Zip: BN1 1YR Product: Park and Power solution delivers a safe and sustainable infrastructure to ensure electrical...

  8. Hermes Energy Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hermes Energy Services Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hermes Energy Services Place: Dursley, United Kingdom Sector: Services Year Founded: 2007 Website: www.hermesenergyservices...

  9. New Energy Clean Technology Ventures Nomura International | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ventures Nomura International Jump to: navigation, search Name: New Energy & Clean Technology Ventures (Nomura International) Place: London, Greater London, United Kingdom Zip:...

  10. Leaf Clean Energy Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Clean Energy Company Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Leaf Clean Energy Company Name: Leaf Clean Energy Company Place: London, United Kingdom Website: www.leafcleanenergy.com...

  11. Orkney Sustainable Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Orkney Sustainable Energy Place: Orkney, Scotland, United Kingdom Zip: KW16 3AG Product: Principal clients are landowners, developers and...

  12. Argent Energy UK Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Motherwell, Scotland, United Kingdom Zip: ML1 5FA Product: Motherwell-based waste-to-energy biodiesel producer that has an operational plant in Scotland. Coordinates:...

  13. Experimental investigation of butanol isomer combustion in Homogeneous...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Journal Volume: 165; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0306-2619 Publisher: Elsevier Sponsoring Org: USDOE Country of Publication: United Kingdom Language: English Word...

  14. Tees Valley Biofuels | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tees Valley Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name: Tees Valley Biofuels Place: United Kingdom Sector: Biofuels Product: Company set up by North East Biofuels to establish an...

  15. WHEB Biofuels | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    WHEB Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name: WHEB Biofuels Place: London, United Kingdom Sector: Biofuels Product: Ethanol producer that also invests in emerging biofuels...

  16. Welsh Biofuels Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Welsh Biofuels Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Welsh Biofuels Ltd Place: Brynmenym Bridgend, United Kingdom Zip: CF329RQ Sector: Biomass Product: Biomass fuel company...

  17. Biofuels Media Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Media Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Biofuels Media Ltd. Place: London, Greater London, United Kingdom Zip: W6 0HX Product: London-based conference organiser Coordinates:...

  18. Border Biofuels | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Border Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name: Border Biofuels Place: Melrose, United Kingdom Zip: TD6 OSG Sector: Biofuels Product: Biofuels business which went into...

  19. Earls Nook Limited Formerly Biofuels Corporation Plc | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Earls Nook Limited Formerly Biofuels Corporation Plc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Earls Nook Limited (Formerly Biofuels Corporation Plc) Place: Teeside, United Kingdom Zip:...

  20. Northeast Biofuels | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Biofuels Jump to: navigation, search Name: Northeast Biofuels Place: United Kingdom Sector: Biofuels Product: Northeast biofuels is a cluster of companies and organisations...