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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kinematic structural analysis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Kinematics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This video visualizes Kinematics, a system for designing and simulating flexible structures for 3D printing. Kinematics generates customized designs composed of tens to thousands of hinged, interlocking modules. The designs are computationally folded ...

Jessica Rosenkrantz

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Kinematic analysis of deformed structures in a tectonic mélange: a key unit for the manifestation of transpression along the Zagros Suture Zone, Iran  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...College of Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran State Key Laboratory...Centre for Geohazards, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, China...Sciences, College of Sciences, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran Kinematic analysis of...

ALI FAGHIH; TIMOTHY KUSKY; BABAK SAMANI

3

Kinematic and Dynamic Analysis of a Surgical Robot Positioning Arm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kinematic and Dynamic Analysis of a Surgical Robot Positioning Arm Diana C.W. Friedman A thesis Analysis of a Surgical Robot Positioning Arm Diana C.W. Friedman Chair of the Supervisory Committee, a small form-factor surgical robot. To increase the RAVEN's workspace and decrease setup time, the C-Arm

4

The Stiller-Smith Mechanism: A kinematic analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Stiller-Smith Mechanism provides a unique approach in the use of the rotational characteristics of the cross-slider link of the elliptic trammel. Establishment of the research need and a historical development of the design concept are presented complete with a detailed kinematic analysis. Successful incorporation of the new mechanism is pictorially presented.

Smith, J.E.; Craven, R.P.; Cutlip, R.G.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

The kinematic structure of hurricanes and their rainbands -: implications for hurricane intensity change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. A kinematic analysis of the secondary horizontal wind maxima found a structure similar to that of eyewalls with radial convergence near the local RMW and a preferred location for updrafts inside the RMW. Radar reflectivity composites revealed...) Distant, (b) Broad, (c) Narrow, (d) Dualist, (e) Dua12nd. . Frequency of cores as a function of distance from a local tangential wind maximum for each category: (a) Distant, (b) Broad, (c) Narrow, (d) Dualist, (e) Dual2nd...

Samsury, Christopher Elliott

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

6

Analysis and design of cable-driven parallel kinematic mechanisms.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis concerns the analysis and design of cable-driven parallel mechanisms (CDPM). Structurally, a CDPM is formed by replacing the supporting legs of a parallel… (more)

Pham, Cong Bang.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Green Water Flow Kinematics and Impact Pressure on a Three Dimensional Model Structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flow kinematics of green water due to plunging breaking waves interacting with a simplified, three-dimensional model structure was investigated in laboratory. Two breaking wave conditions were tested: one with waves impinging and breaking...

Ariyarathne, Hanchapola Appuhamilage Kusalika Suranjani

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

8

Structure and kinematics of the Suzume fault, Okitsu melange, Shimanto accretionary complex, Japan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STRUCTURE AND KINEMATICS OF THE SUZUME FAULT, OKITSU MELANGE, SHIMANTO ACCRETIONARY COMPLEX, JAPAN A Thesis by TAKAMASA KANAYA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2006 Major Subject: Geology STRUCTURE AND KINEMATICS OF THE SUZUME FAULT, OKITSU MELANGE, SHIMANTO ACCRETIONARY COMPLEX, JAPAN A Thesis by TAKAMASA KANAYA Submitted...

Kanaya, Takamasa

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

9

Error Analysis on ClosedForm Solutions for Kinematic Calibration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and even for designing a robot head or a robot arm when considering the calibration task. In this paper, we@iis.sinica.edu.tw #12; 2 Abstract Many closed­form solutions have been developed for calibrating robot kinematic method using 3D point measurements for calibrating robot kinematic parameters. Relatively less work has

Chen, Sheng-Wei

10

THE PHOTOMETRIC AND KINEMATIC STRUCTURE OF FACE-ON DISK GALAXIES. III. KINEMATIC INCLINATIONS FROM H{alpha} VELOCITY FIELDS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using the integral field unit DensePak on the WIYN 3.5 m telescope we have obtained H{alpha} velocity fields of 39 nearly face-on disks at echelle resolutions. High-quality, uniform kinematic data and a new modeling technique enabled us to derive accurate and precise kinematic inclinations with mean i{sub kin} = 23 Degree-Sign for 90% of these galaxies. Modeling the kinematic data as single, inclined disks in circular rotation improves upon the traditional tilted-ring method. We measure kinematic inclinations with a precision in sin i of 25% at 20 Degree-Sign and 6% at 30 Degree-Sign . Kinematic inclinations are consistent with photometric and inverse Tully-Fisher inclinations when the sample is culled of galaxies with kinematic asymmetries, for which we give two specific prescriptions. Kinematic inclinations can therefore be used in statistical ''face-on'' Tully-Fisher studies. A weighted combination of multiple, independent inclination measurements yield the most precise and accurate inclination. Combining inverse Tully-Fisher inclinations with kinematic inclinations yields joint probability inclinations with a precision in sin i of 10% at 15 Degree-Sign and 5% at 30 Degree-Sign . This level of precision makes accurate mass decompositions of galaxies possible even at low inclination. We find scaling relations between rotation speed and disk-scale length identical to results from more inclined samples. We also observe the trend of more steeply rising rotation curves with increased rotation speed and light concentration. This trend appears to be uncorrelated with disk surface brightness.

Andersen, David R. [NRC Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, 5071 W Saanich Road, Victoria, BC V9E 2E7 (Canada); Bershady, Matthew A., E-mail: david.andersen@nrc-cnrc.gc.ca, E-mail: mab@astro.wisc.edu [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, 475 N Charter Street, Madison, WI 53706 (United States)

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

THE DISCREPANT KINEMATICS OF ORLs AND CELs IN NGC 7009 AS A FUNCTION OF IONIZATION STRUCTURE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present spatially and velocity-resolved echelle spectroscopy for NGC 7009 obtained with the UVES spectrograph at the European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope. Our objective is to analyze the kinematics of emission lines excited by recombination and collisions with electrons to determine whether similarities or differences could be useful in elucidating the well-known abundance discrepancy derived from them. We construct position-velocity maps for recombination, fluorescence, charge transfer, and collisionally excited lines. We find a plasma component emitting in the C II, N II, O II, and Ne II recombination lines whose kinematics are discrepant: they are incompatible with the ionization structure derived from all other evidence and the kinematics derived from all of these lines are unexpectedly very similar. We find direct evidence for a recombination contribution to [N II] {lambda}5755. Once taken into account, the electron temperatures from [N II], [O III], and [Ne III] agree at a given position and velocity. The electron densities derived from [O II] and [Ar IV] are consistent with direct imaging and the distribution of hydrogen emission. The kinematics of the C II, N II, O II, and Ne II lines does not coincide with the kinematics of the [O III] and [Ne III] forbidden emission, indicating that there is an additional plasma component to the recombination emission that arises from a different volume from that giving rise to the forbidden emission from the parent ions within NGC 7009. Thus, the chemical abundances derived from either type of line are correct only for the plasma component from which they arise. Apart from [N II] {lambda}5755, we find no anomaly with the forbidden lines usually used to determine chemical abundances in ionized nebulae, so the abundances derived from them should be reliable for the medium from which they arise.

Richer, Michael G. [Instituto de Astronomia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 106, 22800 Ensenada, BC (Mexico); Georgiev, Leonid; Torres-Peimbert, Silvia [Instituto de Astronomia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 70-264, CP 04510 Mexico DF (Mexico); Arrieta, Anabel, E-mail: richer@astrosen.unam.mx, E-mail: silvia@astroscu.unam.mx, E-mail: anabel.arrieta@ibero.mx [Departamento de Fisica y Matematicas, Universidad Iberoamericana, Prolongacion Paseo de la Reforma 880, Lomas de Santa Fe, CP 01210 Mexico DF (Mexico)

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

12

Design, analysis and testing of a parallel-kinematic high-bandwidth XY nanopositioning stage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the design, analysis, and testing of a parallel-kinematic high-bandwidth XY nanopositioning stage driven by piezoelectric stack actuators. The stage is designed with two kinematic chains. In each kinematic chain, the end-effector of the stage is connected to the base by two symmetrically distributed flexure modules, respectively. Each flexure module comprises a fixed-fixed beam and a parallelogram flexure serving as two orthogonal prismatic joints. With the purpose to achieve high resonance frequencies of the stage, a novel center-thickened beam which has large stiffness is proposed to act as the fixed-fixed beam. The center-thickened beam also contributes to reducing cross-coupling and restricting parasitic motion. To decouple the motion in two axes totally, a symmetric configuration is adopted for the parallelogram flexures. Based on the analytical models established in static and dynamic analysis, the dimensions of the stage are optimized in order to maximize the first resonance frequency. Then finite element analysis is utilized to validate the design and a prototype of the stage is fabricated for performance tests. According to the results of static and dynamic tests, the resonance frequencies of the developed stage are over 13.6 kHz and the workspace is 11.2??m × 11.6??m with the cross-coupling between two axes less than 0.52%. It is clearly demonstrated that the developed stage has high resonance frequencies, a relatively large travel range, and nearly decoupled performance between two axes. For high-speed tracking performance tests, an inversion-based feedforward controller is implemented for the stage to compensate for the positioning errors caused by mechanical vibration. The experimental results show that good tracking performance at high speed is achieved, which validates the effectiveness of the developed stage.

Li, Chun-Xia; Gu, Guo-Ying; Yang, Mei-Ju; Zhu, Li-Min, E-mail: zhulm@sjtu.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Mechanical System and Vibration, School of Mechanical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Mechanical System and Vibration, School of Mechanical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

13

Fault structure and kinematics of the Long Valley Caldera region, California, revealed by high-accuracy earthquake hypocenters and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fault structure and kinematics of the Long Valley Caldera region, California, revealed by high that occurred between 1980 and 2000 in the Long Valley caldera area using a double- difference earthquake a series of east/west-striking right-lateral strike-slip faults beneath the caldera's south moat

Waldhauser, Felix

14

Kinematic Viscosity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In classical fluid mechanics, kinematic viscosity equals the dynamic viscosity divided by the density of the material...2 s-1].

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

The analysis of circuit breakers kinematics characteristics using the artificial neural networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper presents the required parameters in the evaluation of the technical state for the High Voltage (HV) circuit breakers. It details some aspects regarding the influence of the kinematics characteristics to the circuit breakers performances. Also, ... Keywords: artificial neural network, circuit breaker, diagnostic, kinematics characteristics, modelling and simulation, monitoring

Maricel Adam; Adrian Baraboi; Catalin Pancu; Sorin Pispiris

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Modular multimorphic kinematic arm structure and pitch and yaw joint for same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multimorphic kinematic manipulator arm is provided with seven degrees of freedom and modular kinematic redundancy through identical pitch/yaw, shoulder, elbow and wrist joints and a wrist roll device at the wrist joint, which further provides to the manipulator arm an obstacle avoidance capability. The modular pitch/yaw joints are traction drive devices which provide backlash free operation with smooth torque transmission and enhanced rigidity. A dual input drive arrangement is provided for each joint resulting in a reduction of the load required to be assumed by each drive and providing selective pitch and yaw motions by control of the relative rotational directions of the input drive.

Martin, H. Lee (Knoxville, TN); Williams, Daniel M. (Oliver Springs, TN); Holt, W. Eugene (Knoxville, TN)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Kinematic analysis of pre-grasp configurations for generalized dexterous hands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transformations Denavit ? Hartenberg Parameters Relation Between Joint and Task Space Coordinates Inverse Kinematic Problem 6 i 11 11 III GENERALIZED INVERSE KINEMATICS 13 Numerical Solution . . Properties of Solutions A 1 g or i t h m Stanford... 0 DATA FOR POSE ESTI1VIATION EXAMPLE . . VITA 80 LIST OF TABLES Table Page 1 Link parameters for the Stanford Manipulator [2j. . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Analytical versus numerical results for the Stanford Manipulator. 3 Link parameters...

Pinto, Victor Hugo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

18

Modular multimorphic kinematic arm structure and pitch and yaw joint for same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multimorphic kinematic manipulator arm is provided with seven degrees of freedom and modular kinematic redundancy through identical pitch/yaw, shoulder, elbow and wrist joints and a wrist roll device at the wrist joint, which further provides to the manipulator arm an obstacle avoidance capability. The modular pitch/yaw joints are traction drive devices which provide backlash free operation with smooth torque transmission and enhanced rigidity. A dual input drive arrangement is provided for each joint resulting in a reduction of the load required to be assumed by each drive means and providing selective pitch and yaw motions by control of the relative rotational directions of the input drive means. 12 figs.

Martin, H.L.; Williams, D.M.; Holt, W.E.

1987-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

19

Finding Large Aperture Fractures in Geothermal Resource Areas Using A Three-Component Long-Offset Surface Seismic Survey, PSInSAR, and Kinematic Analysis  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Fining Large Aperture Fractures in Geothermal Resource Areas Using A Three-Component Long-Offset Surface Seismic Survey, PSInSAR, and Kinematic Analysis presentation at the April 2013 peer review meeting held in Denver, Colorado.

20

A Numerical Analysis of a Kinematic Stirling-Cycle Beat Pump for Space Conditioning Applications*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

deteriorate seasonal performance. Electric resistance Selection of the GPU-3 engine for heat heating with Energy Systems, Inc. the heat absorber and the heat rejector of #12;HEATER heat absorber s simulation was performed on a only recently been explored. 'To substantiate kinematic Stirling heat pump

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kinematic structural analysis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

The structure and kinematics of the the Galaxy thin gaseous disc outside the solar orbit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The rotation curve of the Galaxy is generally thought to be flat. However, using radial velocities from interstellar molecular clouds, which is common in rotation curve determination, seems to be incorrect and may lead to incorrectly inferring that the rotation curve is flat indeed. Tests basing on photometric and spectral observations of bright stars may be misleading. The rotation tracers (OB stars) are affected by motions around local gravity centers and pulsation effects seen in such early type objects. To get rid of the latter a lot of observing work must be involved. We introduce a method of studying the kinematics of the thin disc of our Galaxy outside the solar orbit in a way that avoids these problems. We propose a test based on observations of interstellar CaII H and K lines that determines both radial velocities and distances. We implemented the test using stellar spectra of thin disc stars at galactic longitudes of 135{\\degr} and 180{\\degr}. Using this method, we constructed the rotation curve of ...

Galazutdinov, G A; Musaev, F A; Bondar, A; Krelowski, J

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Kinematic soil-structure interaction effects from building and free-field seismic arrays in Japan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Japan is another major owner of structural-ground arrays from in nuclear powerJapan. Acknowledgements: The authors thank the Tohoku Electric Power Company for providing nuclear

Givens, Michael J; Mikami, Atsushi; Kashima, Toshihide; Stewart, Jonathan P

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Kinematic Design and Analysis of a 7 Degree-of-Freedom Dual-Stage Inspection Manipulator for Dexterous Subsea Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes the design of a 7 degree-of-freedom (d.o.f) manipulator for underwater inspection applications. The functional requirements of an underwater manipulator for subsea inspection are discussed and the desired performance requirements ... Keywords: kinematic design, kinematic/kinetic performance, manipulator dexterity, subsea inspection, underwater manipulator

T. Asokan; G. Seet; V. Iastrebov; R. Senanayake

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Chapter 6 - Offshore Structural Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses the primary considerations that the design engineer should bear in mind during the initial design and subsequent structural analysis. The designer is faced with a large number of rules, codes, standards, and specifications describing the general policy for structural systems and the detailed design of structural components, which includes government requirements, certification/classification authorities, and other technical documents. The notation “Structures” refers to all types of marine units ranging from floating ship-shaped vessels to bottom founded platforms. Emphasis has been placed on ship-shaped structures. Consideration is also given to column-supported structures, e.g., semi-submersibles, tension leg platforms, spars, and mooring buoys, etc., and also to steel bottom founded offshore structures, such as fixed steel jackets. The main output of the planning process is a “Design Basis,” describing the criteria and a “Design Brief,” describing the procedure to be followed and software to be used. This chapter discusses the finite element method, which is a powerful computational tool that has been widely used in the design of complex marine structures over the decades. This chapter gives a general overview for the design of marine structures using a finite element modeling technique. It also addresses structural modeling defined by industry codes for fixed platforms and floating production installations. Throughout this chapter, emphasis is placed on the design process where the finite element analysis will be employed.

Yong Bai

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Sodium loop framework structural analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides the structural analysis of the Sodium Loop framework in a drop condition. The drop is similar to the US Department of Transportation non-bulk, performance-oriented packaging (Packaging Group I) drop test. The drop height evaluated for the Sodium Loop framework is 5.9 ft.

Nguyen, P.M.

1995-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

26

Structure and Kinematics of CO (J=2-1) Emission in the Central Region of NGC 4258  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present 12CO (J=2-1) observations towards the central region of the Seyfert 2 galaxy NGC 4258 with the Submillimeter Array (SMA). Our interferometric maps show two arm-like elongated components along the major axis of the galaxy, with no strong nuclear concentration. The CO (2-1) morphology and kinematics are similar to previous CO (1-0) results. The velocity field of the components agrees with the general galactic rotation, except for the east elongated component, which shows a significant velocity gradient along the east-west direction. In order to account for the velocity field, we propose the kinematical model where the warped rotating disk is also expanding. The line ratio of CO(2-1)/CO(1-0) reveals that the eastern component with the anomalous velocity gradient appears to be warmer and denser. This is consistent with the gas in this component being closer to the center, being heated by the central activities, and possibly interacted by expanding motions from the nuclear region.

S. Sawada-Satoh; P. T. P. Ho; S. Muller; S. Matsushita; J. Lim

2006-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

27

Kinematic calibration of the parallel Argos mechanism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper deals with the kinematic calibration of the Argos mechanism which is a novel, spherical parallel structure having 3 rotational degrees of freedom. Its design is based on 3 actuators carrying a pantograph each which are connected to the end-effector ... Keywords: Argos mechanism, Implicit calibration, Kinematic calibration, Parametric calibration models

Peter Vischer; Reymond Clavel

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Singularity free analysis of a self-similar model of proton structure function at small \\textit{x}  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we make re-analysis of a self-similarity based model of the proton structure function at small \\textit{x} pursued in recent years. The additional assumption is that it should be singularity free in the entire kinematic range $0<\\textit{x}<1$. Our analysis indicates that the model is valid in a more restrictive range of $Q^{2}$. We also discuss the possibility of incorporation of Froissart saturation condition in the model.

Baishali Saikia; D. K. Choudhury

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Structural analysis and assessment of Guastavino vaulting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis studies the behavior and pathologies of the masonry tile structures built by the R. Guastavino Company in order to provide recommendations on their analysis and assessment. Structural analyses of two specific ...

Reese, Megan L

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Dynamic structural analysis for DAEs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Efficient simulation of higher-index variable-structure DAE requires index-reduction during simulation. Hence, the performance of the implemented index-reduction method is crucial. When the same algorithm has to be calculated for slightly different inputs, ... Keywords: DAE, hybrid system, index reduction, structural variability

Christoph Höger

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Computer methods for structural neurological systems analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMPUTER METHODS FOR STRUCTURAL NEUROLOGICAL SYSTEMS ANALYSIS A Thesis by ROBERTO EUGENIO LOPEZ Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 1991 Major Subject: Computer Science COMPUTER METHODS FOR STRUCTURAL NEUROLOGICAL SYSTEMS ANALYSIS A Thesis by ROBERTO EUGENIO LOPEZ Approved as to style and content by: Amitabha Mu et)ee (Chair of Committee) Donald Friesen (Member...

Lo?pez, Roberto Eugenio

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

32

The kinematic and cloud-to-ground lightning structure of the 9-10, June 1998 Red River Mesoscale Convective System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An investigation of the kinematic and electrical properties of the 9-10 June, 1998 Red River Mesoscale Convective System (MCS), as observed by the NOAA P3 Tail Radar and the National Lightning Detection Network, is presented. This system exhibits...

Santarpia, Joshua

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

33

Applications of leverage analysis in structure refinement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Leverage analysis can be used to investigate the importance of weak data and the effectiveness of restraints. It can also improve the precision of estimates of selected parameters: the standard uncertainty of the Flack parameter can be reduced to 0.1 or below even for light-atom crystal structures.

Parsons, S.

2012-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

34

Structure-Soil-Structure Interaction Effects: Seismic Analysis of Safety-Related Collocated Structures  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

STRUCTURE-SOIL- STRUCTURE-SOIL- STRUCTURE INTERACTION AT SRS Structural Mechanics - SRS October 25, 2011 1 Objective Determination of Structure Soil Structure Interaction (SSSI) effects, if any between large and more massive Process Building (PB) and Exhaust Fan Building (EFB). Results of the SSSI analysis were compared with those from Soil Structure Interaction (SSI) analysis of the individual buildings, for the following parameters: * In-structure floor response spectra (ISRS) * Transfer functions * Relative displacements for EFB and PB * In-plane- shear from SASSI at EFB wall 2 Building Description 3 The Process Building is a massive reinforced concrete structure supported approximately 40 feet below the finished grade. The PB approximate foundation dimensions are approximately

35

Intrinsic Viscosity and Kinematic Viscosity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Intrinsic Viscosity and Kinematic Viscosity ... Hydrodynamic Characterization of Lupin Proteins: Solubility, Intrinsic Viscosity, and Molar Mass ... Hydrodynamic Characterization of Lupin Proteins: Solubility, Intrinsic Viscosity, and Molar Mass ...

Charles Tanford

1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Progressive Damage Analysis of Laminated Composite (PDALC)-A Computational Model Implemented in the NASA COMET Finite Element Code  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method for analysis of progressive failure in the Computational Structural Mechanics Testbed is presented in this report. The relationship employed in this analysis describes the matrix crack damage and fiber fracture via kinematics-based volume-averaged ...

Lo David C.; Coats Timothy W.; Harris Charles E.; Allen David H.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Analysis of Convergence Boundaries Observed during IHOP_2002  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An analysis of six convergence boundaries observed during the International H2O Project (IHOP_2002) is presented. The detailed kinematic and thermodynamic structure of these boundaries was examined using data collected by an airborne Doppler ...

Roger M. Wakimoto; Hanne V. Murphey

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

A Cold Frontal Rainband Observed during the LANDES-FRONTS 84 Experiment: Mesoscale and Small-Scale Structure Inferred from Dual-Doppler Radar Analysis.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the kinematic structure of a cold frontal rainband associated with a secondary cold front which moved over southwest of France on 4 June 1984.

Y. Lemaitre; G. Scialom; P. Amayenc

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Generalized Gravity I : Kinematical Setting and reformalizing Quantum Field Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The first part of this work deals with the development of a natural differential calculus on non-commutative manifolds. The second part extends the covariance and equivalence principle as well studies its kinematical consequences such as the arising of gauge theory. Furthermore, a manifestly causal and covariant formulation of quantum field theory is presented which surpasses the usual Hamiltonian and path integral construction. A particular representation of this theory on the kinematical structure developed in section three is moreover given.

Johan Noldus

2008-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

40

Protein Folding Dynamics via Quantification of Kinematic Energy Landscape  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study folding dynamics of proteinlike sequences on a square lattice using a physical move set that exhausts all possible conformational changes. By analytically solving the master equation, we follow the time-dependent probabilities of occupancy of all 802?075 conformations of 16 mers over 7 orders of time span. We find that (i) folding rates of these proteinlike sequences of the same length can differ by 4 orders of magnitude, (ii) folding rates of sequences of the same conformation can differ by a factor of 190, and (iii) parameters of the native structures, designability, and thermodynamic properties are weak predictors of the folding rates; rather, a basin analysis of the kinematic energy landscape defined by the moves can provide an excellent account of the observed folding rates.

Sëma Kachalo; Hsiao-Mei Lu; Jie Liang

2006-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kinematic structural analysis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Kinematics of compressional and extensional ductile shearing deformation in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kinematics of compressional and extensional ductile shearing deformation in Kinematics of compressional and extensional ductile shearing deformation in a metamorphic core complex of the northeastern basin and range Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Kinematics of compressional and extensional ductile shearing deformation in a metamorphic core complex of the northeastern basin and range Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Analysis of shear criteria enables the kinematics of two main ductile-shearing events (D1 and D2) to be established in the Raft River, Grouse Creek and Albion 'metamorphic core complex'. The first event (D1) is a NNE-thrusting and corresponds to Mesozoic shortening. A well developed non-coaxial ductile deformation (D2), of Cenozoic age, is marked by the occurrence of opposing eastward (in Raft River) and westward shear

42

ION NTM 2007, San Diego CA, 22-24 January 2007 1/9 Foot and Ankle Kinematics During Gait  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ION NTM 2007, San Diego CA, 22-24 January 2007 1/9 Foot and Ankle Kinematics During Gait Using Foot of field-portable, low cost IMUs for the kinematic analysis of foot/ankle rotations. Three MEMS-based IMU phase. The results were compared against those of a landmark study in foot and ankle kinematics

Calgary, University of

43

VIDEO SUMMARIZATION BY VIDEO STRUCTURE ANALYSIS AND GRAPH OPTIMIZATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VIDEO SUMMARIZATION BY VIDEO STRUCTURE ANALYSIS AND GRAPH OPTIMIZATION Shi Lu, Irwin King video summarization method that combines video structure analysis and graph optimiza- tion. First, we analyze the structure of the video, find the boundaries of video scenes, then we calculate each scene

King, Kuo Chin Irwin

44

Analysis of deployable strut roof structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deployable structures are structures that can change shape from a compact to an expanded form. Thus, their advantage over conventional structures is adaptability, whether in the sense of adapting to changing environmental ...

Wolfe, Maxwell H. (Maxwell Henry)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Structural Analysis of the Desert Peak-Brady Geothermal Fields,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Structural Analysis of the Desert Peak-Brady Geothermal Fields, Structural Analysis of the Desert Peak-Brady Geothermal Fields, Northwestern Nevada: Implications for Understanding Linkages Between Northeast-Trending Structures and Geothermal Reservoirs in the Humboldt Structural Zone Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Structural Analysis of the Desert Peak-Brady Geothermal Fields, Northwestern Nevada: Implications for Understanding Linkages Between Northeast-Trending Structures and Geothermal Reservoirs in the Humboldt Structural Zone Abstract Detailed geologic mapping, delineation of Tertiary strata, analysis of faults and folds, and a new gravity survey have elucidated the structural controls on the Desert Peak and Brady geothermal fields in the Hot Springs Mountains of northwestern Nevada. The fields lie within the Humboldt

46

NO. RIV. NO. Structural/Dynamics Analysis Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NO. RIV. NO. ATM-871 Structural/Dynamics Analysis Report PAGI 1 OF 3 DATI May 15, 1970 STRUCTURAL/DYNAMICS ANALYSIS REPORT APOLLO 14 LRRR Prepared by: Approved by: 7).t.--nb. ~ #12;NO. REV. NO. ATM-871 ~. 2PAGI OJI-1 thru 3-40 #12;RI!V. MO. · I ~ NO. ATM-871 ..AGI 3 0, 3 Structural/Dynamics Analysis Report DATI May 15

Rathbun, Julie A.

47

Structural and Thermal Analysis of Flange for LNG Applications.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Structural and thermal analysis of the flange used in connection with hose for the transportation of LNG was computationally simulated by the method of finite… (more)

Kalbhor, Mayank D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Residual Stresses for Structural Analysis and Fatigue Life Prediction...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Analysis and Fatigue Life Prediction in Vehicle Components: Success stories from the High Temperature Materials Laboratory (HTML) User Program Residual Stresses for Structural...

49

Kinematics of geodesic flows in stringy black hole backgrounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the kinematics of timelike geodesic congruences in two and four dimensions in spacetime geometries representing stringy black holes. The Raychaudhuri equations for the kinematical quantities (namely, expansion, shear and rotation) characterising such geodesic flows are written down and subsequently solved analytically (in two dimensions) and numerically (in four dimensions) for specific geodesics flows. We compare between geodesic flows in dual (electric and magnetic) stringy black hole backgrounds in four dimensions, by showing the differences that arise in the corresponding evolutions of the kinematic variables. The crucial role of initial conditions and the spacetime curvature on the evolution of the kinematical variables is illustrated. Some novel general conclusions on geodesic focusing are obtained from the analytical and numerical findings. We also propose new quantifiers in terms of (a) the time (affine parameter) of approach to a singularity and (b) the location of extrema in the functional evolution of the kinematic variables, which may be used to distinguish between flows in different geometries. In summary, our quantitative findings bring out hitherto unknown features of the kinematics of geodesic flows, which, otherwise, would have remained overlooked, if we confined ourselves to only a qualitative analysis.

Anirvan Dasgupta; Hemwati Nandan; Sayan Kar

2009-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

50

Null-strut calculus. I. Kinematics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes the kinematics of null-strut calculus—a 3+1 Regge calculus approach to general relativity. We show how to model the geometry of spacetime with simplicial spacelike three-geometries (TET's) linked to "earlier" and "later" momentumlike lattice surfaces (TET*) entirely by light rays or "null struts." These three-layered lattice spacetime geometries are defined and analyzed using combinatorial formulas for the structure of polytopes. The following paper in this series describes how these three-layered spacetime lattices are used to model spacetimes in full conformity with Einstein's theory of gravity.

Arkady Kheyfets; Norman J. LaFave; Warner A. Miller

1990-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

51

Geothermal Resource Analysis and Structure of Basin and Range Systems,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Analysis and Structure of Basin and Range Systems, Analysis and Structure of Basin and Range Systems, Especially Dixie Valley Geothermal Field, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: Geothermal Resource Analysis and Structure of Basin and Range Systems, Especially Dixie Valley Geothermal Field, Nevada Authors David D. Blackwell, Kenneth W. Wisian, Maria C. Richards, Mark Leidig, Richard Smith and Jason McKenna Published U.S. Department of Energy, 2003 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for Geothermal Resource Analysis and Structure of Basin and Range Systems, Especially Dixie Valley Geothermal Field, Nevada Citation David D. Blackwell,Kenneth W. Wisian,Maria C. Richards,Mark Leidig,Richard Smith,Jason McKenna. 2003. Geothermal Resource Analysis and Structure of

52

Kinematic Viscosity of Helium II  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

By observing the time of formation of the meniscus in a cylindrical vessel suddenly given a rotation, it has been found possible to determine, directly, the kinematic viscosity of both He I and He II. At the angular velocities used (?15 rev/sec) it appears that, for He II, all the liquid rotates rather than the normal component alone.

R. J. Donnelly; G. V. Chester; R. H. Walmsley; C. T. Lane

1956-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Kinematic GPS positioning in a highway environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

difference method achieves highly accurate results for the kinematic GPS positioning since the triple difference technique is insensitive to cycle slips. The algorithm for kinematic GPS positioning in a highway environment gives corrections to the receiver...

Li, Yingfeng

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

54

Mountain building in the Nepal Himalaya: Thermal and kinematic model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mountain building in the Nepal Himalaya: Thermal and kinematic model L. Bollinger a,, P. Henry b. Courtillot Abstract We model crustal deformation and the resulting thermal structure across the Nepal: thermal model; temperature-time paths; inverted metamorphism; underplating; Himalayan orogen; Nepal

Avouac, Jean-Philippe

55

Modal analysis and testing of rotating structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...account. A possible strategy could make use of the...Project no. 5464-92. Development of validated structural...ASME Trans. J. Engng Gas Turbines Power 115, 266271...G. R. 1993 Recent developments in the measurement and...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Structural Modeling and Analysis of Structures in Aorta Images  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). ........................ 10 Figure 4. A synthetic binary image consisting of five sinusoidal curves was used to verify the accuracy of my Radon Transform (RT) algorithm. ............ 14 Figure 5. Computed angle for the principal (circumferential) direction estimated...) thickness across the arterial wall. In this dissertation, I propose an image analysis scheme to delineate spatial patterns of EL such as changes in its thickness across the arterial wall. Key features of my scheme include: 1) a Radon Transform based...

Xu, Hai

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

57

JFKengine: A Jacobian and Forward Kinematics Generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During robot path planning and control the equations that describe the robot motions are determined and solved. Historically these expressions were derived analytically off-line. For robots that must adapt to their environment or perform a wide range of tasks, a way is needed to rapidly re-derive these expressions to take into account the robot kinematic changes, such as when a tool is added to the end-effector. The JFKengine software was developed to automatically produce the expressions representing the manipulator arm motion, including the manipulator arm Jacobian and the forward kinematic expressions. Its programming interface can be used in conjunction with robot simulation software or with robot control software. Thus, it helps to automate the process of configuration changes for serial robot manipulators. If the manipulator undergoes a geometric change, such as tool acquisition, then JFKengine can be invoked again from the control or simulation software, passing it parameters for the new arm configuration. This report describes the automated processes that are implemented by JFKengine to derive the kinematic equations and the programming interface by which it is invoked. Then it discusses the tree data structure that was chosen to store the expressions, followed by several examples of portions of expressions as represented in the tree. The C++ classes and their methods that implement the expression differentiation and evaluation operations are described. The algorithms used to construct the Jacobian and forward kinematic equations using these basic building blocks are then illustrated. The activity described in this report is part of a larger project entitled ''Multi-Optimization Criteria-Based Robot Behavioral Adaptability and Motion Planning'' that focuses on the development of a methodology for the generalized resolution of robot motion equations with time-varying configurations, constraints, and task objective criteria. A specific goal of this project is the implementation of this generalized methodology in a single general code that would be applicable to the motion planning of a wide class of systems and would automate many of the processes involved in developing and solving the motion planning and controls equations. This project is funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Environmental Management Science Program (DOE-EMSP) as project EMSP no. 82794 and is transitioning to the DOE-Office of Biological and Environmental Research (OBER) as per FY-02.

Fischer, K.N.

2003-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

58

A finite element model for transient thermal/structural analysis of large composite space structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on approximate 6 analysis techniques based on finite elements has begun. Such techniques as reduced basis techniques and generalized transform methods offer hope of solving the finite element 8 equations more efficiently. An integrated thermal/structural... integrated analysis codes. However, Mahaney, Thornton, and Dechaumphai have identified require 5 ments for such thermal/structural programs. They concluded that such analysis methods should have the following five characteristics. First, a common finite...

Lutz, James Delmar

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

59

Magnetic Structure Analysis from Neutron Powder Diffraction Data Using GSAS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Magnetic Structure Analysis from Neutron Powder Diffraction Data Using GSAS Magnetic Structure Analysis from Neutron Powder Diffraction Data Using GSAS This set of web pages provides reference information from the Magnetic Structure Analysis from Neutron Powder Diffraction Data Using GSAS workshop presented at the 2006 American Conference on Neutron Scattering held in St. Charles, IL, June 18-22, 2006. Workshop Schedule: 9:00-9:05 am: Introduction (B.H. Toby) 9:05-9:50 am: History, Color symmetry & Shubnikov space groups (B. Chakoumous) Lecture notes: History and Color symmetry & Shubnikov space groups 9:50-10:20 am: Magnetic extinctions classes & common magnetic structure types (R.B. Von Dreele) Lecture Notes Break 10:50-11:45 am: Overview of representational analysis & FullProf implementation (L.C. Chapon) Lecture Notes and Accompanying files

60

Interoperable software for parametric structural analysis and optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The advent of building information modeling in the structural engineering profession has brought forth new challenges to the traditional methods of design and analysis. The need for faster, more robust analyses to mitigate ...

Jones, Garrett P. (Garrett Pierce)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kinematic structural analysis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Protein MAS NMR methodology and structural analysis of protein assemblies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Methodological developments and applications of solid-state magic-angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS NMR) spectroscopy, with particular emphasis on the analysis of protein structure, are described in this thesis. ...

Bayro, Marvin J

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Definition: Field Mapping-Structural Analysis | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Field Mapping-Structural Analysis Field Mapping-Structural Analysis Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Field Mapping-Structural Analysis Field mapping involves sending one or more geologist to a geothermal site of interest to collect and map surficial hydrologic, geologic and structural information that might be useful in identifying a hydrothermal system. View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A geologic map or geological map is a special-purpose map made to show geological features. Rock units or geologic strata are shown by color or symbols to indicate where they are exposed at the surface. Bedding planes and structural features such as faults, folds, foliations, and lineations are shown with strike and dip or trend and plunge symbols which give these features' three-dimensional orientations. Stratigraphic contour

63

Structural vibration measurement and analysis using a novel digital sensor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STRUCTURAL VIBRATION MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS USING A NOVEL DIGITAL SENSOR A Thesis by ELIZABETH ALTAGRACIA MINIER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1992 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering STRUCTURAL VIBRATION MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS USING A NOVEL DIGITAL SENSOR A Thesis by ELIZABETH ALTAGRACIA MINIER Approved as to style and content by: Thomas C. Pollock (Chair...

Minier, Elizabeth Altagracia

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

64

Kinematic Fitting of Detached Vertices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The eg3 experiment at the Jefferson Lab CLAS detector aims to determine the existence of the $\\Xi_{5}$ pentaquarks and investigate the excited $\\Xi$ states. Specifically, the exotic $\\Xi_{5}^{--}$ pentaquark will be sought by first reconstructing the $\\Xi^{-}$ particle through its weak decays, $\\Xi^{-}\\to\\pi^{-}\\Lambda$ and $\\Lambda\\to\\pi^{-}$. A kinematic fitting routine was developed to reconstruct the detached vertices of these decays, where confidence level cuts on the fits are used to remove background events. Prior to fitting these decays, the exclusive reaction $\\gamma D\\rightarrow pp\\pi^{-}$ was studied in order to correct the track measurements and covariance matrices of the charged particles. The $\\Lambda\\rightarrow p\\pi^{-}$ and $\\Xi^{-}\\to\\pi^{-}\\Lambda$ decays were then investigated to demonstrate that the kinematic fitting routine reconstructs the decaying particles and their detached vertices correctly.

Paul Mattione

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

A two stage procedure for control structure analysis and design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A two stage procedure for control structure analysis and design is proposed and investigated on a heatpump control structure synthesis problem. In the first stage qualitative process knowledge is used to suggest possible control structures, ie. measurements, actuators and feasible loop pairings for multiloop SISO (scalar) control. In the second stage frequency dependent SVD (Singular Value Decomposition) is employed on a quantitative model to indicate, whether a multivariable control strategy is called for. If scalar control is inferred to be adequate, the RGA (Relative Gain Array) method is used to synthesize loop pairings for multiloop SISO control. The proposed procedure is demonstrated using a heatpump control structure analysis and design problem. The heatpump is used on an industrial scale energy integrated distillation column. Based on qualitative knowledge the process interactions are illustrated using a \\{DYnamic\\} Quantity Interaction Diagram (DYQUID). From qualitative considerations a multiloop SISO control strategy, which concurs with intuitive engineering knowledge, is suggested. A linear state space model obtained from a non-linear simulation model is used to quantitatively analyse the control structuring problem. SVD analysis shows, that a multiloop control strategy is justified, and RGA analysis suggests the same loop structure as inferred qualitatively. Finally the overall control structure for the energy integrated distillation column is discussed in relation to experimental results.

Jens Karlsmose; Arne Koggersbøl; Niels Jensen; Sten Bay Jørgensen

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Robust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein Structures  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Robust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein Structures Print Robust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein Structures Print Scientists have developed a fast and efficient way to determine the structure of proteins, shortening a process that often takes years into a matter of days. The Structurally Integrated BiologY for Life Sciences (SIBYLS) beamline at the ALS has implemented the world's highest-throughput biological-solution x-ray scattering beamline enabling genomic-scale protein-structure characterization. Coupling brilliant x rays from one of the superconducting bend magnets at the ALS to liquid-handling robotics has enabled the collection of 96 samples in 4 hours. Importantly, the sample format and the amount of material required are practical for most biological problems. The beamline's high-throughput capability is set to have a large impact on many fields that require genomic-scale information, such as Berkeley Lab's bioenergy efforts and cancer biology studies.

67

Reliability Analysis of Brittle, Thin Walled Structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One emerging application for ceramics is diesel particulate filters being used order to meet EPA regulations going into effect in 2008. Diesel particulates are known to be carcinogenic and thus need to be minimized. Current systems use filters made from ceramics such as mullite and corderite. The filters are brittle and must operate at very high temperatures during a burn out cycle used to remove the soot buildup. Thus the filters are subjected to thermal shock stresses and life time reliability analysis is required. NASA GRC has developed reliability based design methods and test methods for such applications, such as CARES/Life and American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) C1499 “Standard Test Method for Equibiaxial Strength of Ceramics.”

Jonathan A Salem and Lynn Powers

2007-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

68

Kinematics in Vector Boson Fusion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The vector boson fusion process leads to two forward/backward jets (tag jets) and the produced state, a Higgs boson in this case, moving slowly in the p-p C.M. frame at the LHC. For the case of Higgs decaying to W+W (W*) with Higgs mass below 180 GeV, the W bosons have low momentum in the Higgs C.M. For the case of W leptonic decays, this fact allows for an approximate reconstruction of the two final state neutrinos. In turn, those solutions then provide additional kinematic cuts against background.

D. Green

2006-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

69

Observations of a dynamical-to-kinematic diffraction transition in plastically deformed polycrystalline intermetallic YCu  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Unlike most intermetallic compounds, polycrystalline YCu, a B2 (CsCl-type) intermetallic, is ductile at room temperature. The mechanisms for this behavior are not fully understood. In situ neutron diffraction was used to investigate whether a stress-induced phase transformation or twinning contribute to the ductility; however, neither mechanism was found to be active in YCu. Surprisingly, this study revealed that the intensities of the diffraction peaks increased after plastic deformation. It is thought that annealing the samples created nearly perfect crystallinity, and subsequent deformation reduced this high degree of lattice coherency, resulting in a modified mosaic structure that decreased or eliminated the extinction effect. Analysis of changes in diffraction peak intensity showed a region of primary plasticity that exhibits significant changes in diffraction behavior. Fully annealed samples initially contain diffracting volumes large enough to follow the dynamical theory of diffraction. When loaded beyond the yield point, dislocation motion disrupts the lattice perfection, and the diffracting volume is reduced to the point that diffraction follows the kinematic theory of diffraction. Since the sample preparation and deformation mechanisms present in this study are common in numerous material systems, this dynamical to kinematic diffraction transition should also be considered in other diffraction experiments. These measurements also suggest the possibility of a new method of investigating structural characteristics. (C) 2014 Published by Elsevier Ltd. on behalf of Acta Materialia Inc.

Williams, Scott H. [Ames Laboratory; Brown, Donald W. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Clausen, Bjorn [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Russell, Alan [Ames Laboratory; Gschneidner Jr., Karl A. [Ames Laboratory

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Geothermal Resource Analysis And Structure Of Basin And Range Systems,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Analysis And Structure Of Basin And Range Systems, Analysis And Structure Of Basin And Range Systems, Especially Dixie Valley Geothermal Field, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: Geothermal Resource Analysis And Structure Of Basin And Range Systems, Especially Dixie Valley Geothermal Field, Nevada Details Activities (12) Areas (5) Regions (0) Abstract: Publish new thermal and drill data from the Dizie Valley Geothermal Field that affect evaluation of Basin and Range Geothermal Resources in a very major and positive way. Completed new geophysical surveys of Dizie Valley including gravity and aeromagnetics and integrated the geophysical, seismic, geological and drilling data at Dizie Valley into local and regional geologic models. Developed natural state mass and energy

71

Miniature Kinematic Mirror Mount for UHV Service  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A miniature kinematic mount allows adjustment of mirror pointing inside ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) by rotating finely threaded screws outside of vacuum. The mount assembly is less than...

Havstad, Mark A; McLean, William; Lewis, Rebecca C

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

THE STELLAR AND GAS KINEMATICS OF THE LITTLE THINGS DWARF IRREGULAR GALAXY NGC 1569  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to understand the formation and evolution of Magellanic-type dwarf irregular (dIm) galaxies, one needs to understand their three-dimensional structure. We present measurements of the stellar velocity dispersion in NGC 1569, a nearby post-starburst dIm galaxy. The stellar vertical velocity dispersion, {sigma}{sub z}, coupled with the maximum rotational velocity derived from H I observations, V{sub max}, gives a measure of how kinematically hot the galaxy is, and, therefore, indicates its structure. We conclude that the stars in NGC 1569 are in a thick disk with a V{sub max}/{sigma}{sub z} = 2.4 {+-} 0.7. In addition to the structure, we analyze the ionized gas kinematics from O III observations along the morphological major axis. These data show evidence for outflow from the inner starburst region and a potential expanding shell near supermassive star cluster (SSC) A. When compared to the stellar kinematics, the velocity dispersion of the stars increases in the region of SSC A supporting the hypothesis of an expanding shell. The stellar kinematics closely follow the motion of the gas. Analysis of high-resolution H I data clearly reveals the presence of an H I cloud that appears to be impacting the eastern edge of NGC 1569. Also, an ultra-dense H I cloud can be seen extending to the west of the impacting H I cloud. This dense cloud is likely the remains of a dense H I bridge that extended through what is now the central starburst area. The impacting H I cloud was the catalyst for the starburst, thus turning the dense gas into stars over a short timescale, {approx}1 Gyr. We performed a careful study of the spectral energy distribution using infrared, optical, and ultraviolet photometry, producing a state-of-the-art mass model for the stellar disk. This mass modeling shows that stars dominate the gravitational potential in the inner 1 kpc. The dynamical mass of NGC 1569, derived from V{sub max}, shows that the disk may be dark matter deficient in the inner region, although, when compared to the expected virial mass determined from halo abundance matching techniques, the dark matter profile seems to agree with the observed mass profile at a radius of 2.2 kpc.

Johnson, Megan [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, P.O. Box 2, Green Bank, WV 24944 (United States); Hunter, Deidre A.; Zhang, Hong-Xin; Herrmann, Kimberly [Lowell Observatory, 1400 West Mars Hill Road, Flagstaff, AZ 86001 (United States); Oh, Se-Heon [International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research (ICRAR), University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009 (Australia); Elmegreen, Bruce [IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, 1101 Kitchawan Road, Yorktown Hts., NY 10598 (United States); Brinks, Elias [Centre for Astrophysics Research, University of Hertfordshire, College Lane, Hatfield, AL10 9AB (United Kingdom); Tollerud, Erik, E-mail: mjohnson@nrao.edu, E-mail: dah@lowell.edu, E-mail: hxzhang@lowell.edu, E-mail: herrmann@lowell.edu, E-mail: se-heon.oh@uwa.edu.au, E-mail: bge@us.ibm.com, E-mail: E.Brinks@herts.ac.uk, E-mail: etolleru@uci.edu [Center For Cosmology, Department of Physics and Astronomy, 4129 Frederick Reines Hall, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 (United States)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Process for structural geologic analysis of topography and point data  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A quantitative method of geologic structural analysis of digital terrain data is described for implementation on a computer. Assuming selected valley segments are controlled by the underlying geologic structure, topographic lows in the terrain data, defining valley bottoms, are detected, filtered and accumulated into a series line segments defining contiguous valleys. The line segments are then vectorized to produce vector segments, defining valley segments, which may be indicative of the underlying geologic structure. Coplanar analysis is performed on vector segment pairs to determine which vectors produce planes which represent underlying geologic structure. Point data such as fracture phenomena which can be related to fracture planes in 3-dimensional space can be analyzed to define common plane orientation and locations. The vectors, points, and planes are displayed in various formats for interpretation.

Eliason, Jay R. (Richland, WA); Eliason, Valerie L. C. (Richland, WA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

The PdBI Arcsecond Whirlpool Survey (PAWS): Multi-phase cold gas kinematic of M51  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The kinematic complexity and the favorable position of M51 on the sky make this galaxy an ideal target to test different theories of spiral arm dynamics. Taking advantage of the new high resolution PdBI Arcsecond Whirlpool Survey (PAWS) data, we undertake a detailed kinematic study of M51 to characterize and quantify the origin and nature of the non-circular motions. Using a tilted-ring analysis supported by several other archival datasets we update the estimation of M51's position angle (PA=(173 +/- 3) deg) and inclination (i=(22 +/- 5) deg). Harmonic decomposition of the high resolution (40 pc) CO velocity field shows the first kinematic evidence of an m=3 wave in the inner disk of M51 with a corotation at R(CR,m=3)=1.1 +/- 0.1 kpc and a pattern speed of Omega_p(m=3) = 140 km/(s kpc). This mode seems to be excited by the nuclear bar, while the beat frequencies generated by the coupling between the m=3 mode and the main spiral structure confirm its density-wave nature. We observe also a signature of an m=1 m...

Colombo, Dario; Schinnerer, Eva; Garcia-Burillo, Santiago; Hughes, Annie; Pety, Jerome; Leroy, Adam K; Dobbs, Clare L; Dumas, Gaelle; Thompson, Todd A; Schuster, Karl F; Kramer, Carsten

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Analysis of electromagnetic modes excited in overmoded structure terahertz source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method on electromagnetic mode analysis in overmoded structure terahertz source is studied in this paper. This mode analysis method is based on Fourier-Bessel series and the particle-in-cell simulation. The result of mode analysis shows that there are TM{sub 02} and TM{sub 03} modes present in the waveguide motivated by mode change in the discontinuity. The mode content keeps stable when the device starts to work. The magnetic field and the voltage of beam do not change the mode content to some extent. The parameters of diode affect the mode content significantly.

Li, Xiaoze; Xiao, Renzhen; Wang, Guangqiang; Zhang, Lijun; Zhang, Yuchuan; Ye, Hu [Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, P. O. Box 69-1, Xi'an 710024 (China)] [Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, P. O. Box 69-1, Xi'an 710024 (China); Wang, Jianguo [Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, P. O. Box 69-1, Xi'an 710024 (China) [Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, P. O. Box 69-1, Xi'an 710024 (China); School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

76

Thermal and Structural Analysis of Targets and Windows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermal and Structural Analysis of Targets and Windows Materials, Irradiation Data and Fracture) = EDD/Cp Applied Thermal Stress Pa CTE*E*DeltaT Thermal Resistance Rts=UTS/(CTE*E *DeltaT) Thermal Shock 1147 1.16E+09 0.984 7445 Candidate Materials - Young's Modulus, UTS, Delta T, Thermal Stress

McDonald, Kirk

77

The role of disorder in interaction networks: a structural analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of intrinsic disorder in these networks. Hub proteins tend to be more disordered than other proteins (i: simulation and data analysis; proteins Keywords: hubs; intrinsic disorder; structural networks proteins, the concept of intrinsically disordered regions has recently emerged (Dunker et al, 2002; Linding

Gerstein, Mark

78

The Jacobi polynomials QCD analysis for proton spin structure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the results of our QCD analysis for polarized quark distribution and structure function xg1(x,Q2). Polarized parton distributions and structure functions of the nucleon are analyzed in the improved valon model. The Polarized valon distribution in a proton and the polarized parton distributions inside the valon are necessary to obtain the polarized parton distributions in a proton. Jacobi polynomial method is used to extract the unknown parameters of the polarized valon distributions by fitting to the available experimental data. The predictions for the NLO calculations of the polarized parton distribution functions are in good agreement with other theoretical models.

Khorramian, Ali N. [Physics Department, Semnan University, Semnan (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics (IPM), P.O.Box 19395-5531, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Tehrani, S. Atashbar [Physics Department, Persian Gulf University 75168, Boushehr (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics (IPM), P.O.Box 19395-5531, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2007-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

79

Structural analysis of extracts from spent hydroprocessing catalysts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solvent extracts from spent commercial naphtha and gas oil hydrotreating catalysts were examined in order to elucidate the structure of adsorbed poisons. Amides were identified in the extracts and made up 20-30% of the basic compounds. The oxygen content of the extracts was as high as 28% by weight. Some of this oxygen may be associated with metal complexes or present as inorganic material. Infrared spectroscopic analysis revealed very strong absorptions due to carbonyls, suggesting that compounds such as ketones and carboxylic acids were present. The extracted compounds consisted of saturated (paraffinic and naphthenic) structures and aromatic groups, with >50% boiling at +343/sup 0/c. These results suggest polymerization of species on the surface of the catalyst, rather than condensation of aromatic structures to form coke.

Choi, J.H.K.; Gray, M.R.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Membrane dish analysis: A summary of structural and optical analysis capabilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research at SERI within the Department of Energy's Solar Thermal Technology Program has focused on the development of membrane dish concentrators for space and terrestrial power applications. As potentially lightweight, inexpensive, high-performance structures, they are excellent candidates for space-deployable energy sources as well as cost-effective terrestrial energy concepts. A thorough engineering research treatment of these types of structures consists primarily of two parts: (1) structural mechanics of the membrane and ring support and (2) analysis and characterization of the concentrator optical performance. It is important to understand the effects of the membrane's structure and support system on the optical performance of the concentrator. This requires an interface between appropriate structural and optical models. Until recently, such models and the required interface have not existed. This report documents research that has been conducted at SERI in this area. It is a compilation of several papers describing structural models of membrane dish structures and optical models used to predict dish concentrator optical and thermal performance. The structural models were developed under SERI subcontract by Dr. Steele and Dr. Balch of Stanford University. The optical model was developed in-house by SERI staff. In addition, the interface between the models is described. It allows easy and thorough characterization of membrane dish systems from the mechanics to the resulting optical performance. The models described herein have been and continue to be extremely useful to SERI, industry, and universities involved with the modeling and analysis of lightweight membrane concentrators for solar thermal applications.

Steele, C.R.; Balch, C.D.; Jorgensen, G.J.; Wendelin, T.; Lewandowski, A.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kinematic structural analysis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Kinematic hardening of a porous limestone  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A concept for a kinematic hardening yield surface in stress space for Cordova Cream limestone (Austin Chalk) developed by Celle and Cheatham (1981) has been improved using Ziegler's modification of Prager's ha...

J. B. Cheatham Jr.; M. B. Allen; C. C. Celle

82

Kinematic moment invariants for linear Hamiltonian systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Quadratic moments of a particle distribution being transported through a linear Hamiltonian system are considered. A complete set of kinematic invariants made out of these moments are constructed leading to the discovery of new invariants.

Filippo Neri and Govindan Rangarajan

1990-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

83

Is Physics Asking for a New Kinematics?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is discussed whether some of the consistency problems of present-day physics could be solved by replacing special relativity, whose underlying kinematics is ruled by the Poincare' group, by de Sitter relativity, with underlying kinematics ruled by the de Sitter group. In contrast to ordinary special relativity, which seems to fail at the Planck scale, this new relativity is "universal" in the sense that it holds at all energy scales.

R. Aldrovandi; J. G. Pereira

2009-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

84

Steerable Filters and Local Analysis of Image Structure William Tafel Freeman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Steerable Filters and Local Analysis of Image Structure by William Tafel Freeman B.S., Physics Filters and Local Analysis of Image Structure by William Tafel Freeman Submitted to the Media Arts

85

Structure  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Structure Structure functions 1 NOTE: THE FIGURES IN THIS SECTION ARE INTENDED TO SHOW THE REPRESENTATIVE DATA. THEY ARE NOT MEANT TO BE COMPLETE COMPILATIONS OF ALL THE WORLD'S RELIABLE DATA. Q 2 (GeV 2 ) F 2 (x,Q 2 ) * 2 i x H1 ZEUS BCDMS E665 NMC SLAC 10 -3 10 -2 10 -1 1 10 10 2 10 3 10 4 10 5 10 6 10 7 10 8 10 9 10 -1 1 10 10 2 10 3 10 4 10 5 10 6 Figure 16.6: The proton structure function F p 2 measured in electromagnetic scattering of positrons on protons (collider experiments ZEUS and H1), in the kinematic domain of the HERA data, for x > 0.00006 (cf. Fig. 16.9 for data at smaller x and Q 2 ), and for electrons (SLAC) and muons (BCDMS, E665, NMC) on a fixed target. Statistical and systematic errors added in quadrature are shown. The data are plotted as a function of Q 2 in bins of fixed x. Some points have been slightly offset in Q 2 for clarity. The ZEUS binning in x is used in this plot; all other data are rebinned to the x values of

86

Analysis of community structure in networks of correlated data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a reformulation of modularity that allows the analysis of the community structure in networks of correlated data. The new modularity preserves the probabilistic semantics of the original definition even when the network is directed, weighted, signed, and has self-loops. This is the most general condition one can find in the study of any network, in particular those defined from correlated data. We apply our results to a real network of correlated data between stores in the city of Lyon (France).

Gomez, S.; Jensen, P.; Arenas, A.

2008-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

87

Structural analysis for horizontal storage of 9975 shipping packages  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a nonlinear dynamic analysis for a 9975 shipping package to evaluate its structural response while stored in a horizontal assembly of packages. The structural response of the 9975 shipping package stored on a 24-inch-wide bottom rack while the upper two tiers of 9975 shipping packages are being loaded on top of it is analyzed. The upper two tiers of the packages are lifted by a forklift truck and then loaded onto the bottom tier of the packages. A nonlinear finite-element dynamic analysis with explicit time integration was performed for a 9975 shipping package to evaluate the consequence of the loading process described above. The effect of the impact load generated by the sudden release of the upper two tiers of the packages to the deformation of the bottom package is accounted for. The ABAQUS/Explicit computer code (Reference 1) was used to perform the computations. The time histories of the deflections and stresses were generated.

Wu, T.

2000-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

88

Design and Structural Analysis of Mars Rover RTG  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper describes the design and the structural and mass analysis of a Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators (RTGs) for powering the MARS Rover vehicle, which is a critical element of the unmanned Mars Rover and Sample Return mission (MRSR). The RTG design study was conducted by Fairchild Space Company for the U.S. Department of Energy, in support of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory's MRSR project.; The paper briefly describes a reference mission scenario, an illustrative Rover design and activity pattern on Mars, and its power system requirements and environmental constraints, including the RTG cooling requirements during transit to Mars. It identifies the key RTG design problem, i.e. venting the helium generated by the fuel's alpha decay without intrusion of the Martian atmosphere into the RTG, and proposes a design approach for solving that problem.; Using that approach, it describes a very conservative baseline RTG design. The design is based on the proven and safety-qualified General Purpose Heat Source module, and employs standard thermoelectric unicouples whose reliability and performance stability has been extensively demonstrated on previous space missions. The heat source of the 250-watt RTG consists of a stack of 18 separate modules that is supported at its ends but not along its length. The paper describes and analyzes the structure that holds the stack together during Earth launch and Mars operations but allows it to come apart in case of an inadvertent reentry.; A companion paper presented at this conference describes the RTG's thermal and electrical analysis, and compares its performance with that of several lighter but less conservative design options.; There is a duplicate copy in the ESD files. This document is not relevent to OSTI Library. Do not send.

Schock, Alfred; Hamrick, T.; Sankarankandath, V.; Shirbacheh, M.

1989-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

89

Crazy heart: kinematics of the "star pile" in Abell 545  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the structure and internal kinematics of the "star pile" in Abell 545 - a low surface brightness structure lying in the center of the cluster.We have obtained deep long-slit spectroscopy of the star pile using VLT/FORS2 and Gemini/GMOS, which is analyzed in conjunction with deep multiband CFHT/MEGACAM imaging. As presented in a previous study the star pile has a flat luminosity profile and its color is consistent with the outer parts of elliptical galaxies. Its velocity map is irregular, with parts being seemingly associated with an embedded nucleus, and others which have significant velocity offsets to the cluster systemic velocity with no clear kinematical connection to any of the surrounding galaxies. This would make the star pile a dynamically defined stellar intra-cluster component. The complicated pattern in velocity and velocity dispersions casts doubts on the adequacy of using the whole star pile as a dynamical test for the innermost dark matter profile of the cluster. This status is fulfille...

Salinas, Ricardo; West, Michael J; Romanowsky, Aaron J; Lloyd-Davies, Ed; Schuberth, Ylva

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Combinatorial optimization model and MIP formulation for the structural analysis of conditional differential-algebraic systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we consider the structural analysis problem for differential-algebraic systems with conditional equations. This problem consists, given a conditional differential-algebraic system, in verifying if the system is structurally nonsingular ... Keywords: Branch-and-Cut algorithm, Differential-algebraic system, Graph, Integer linear program, Matching, Structural analysis

Mathieu Lacroix; A. Ridha Mahjoub; Sébastien Martin

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Constrained tri-sphere kinematic positioning system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A scalable and adaptable, six-degree-of-freedom, kinematic positioning system is described. The system can position objects supported on top of, or suspended from, jacks comprising constrained joints. The system is compatible with extreme low temperature or high vacuum environments. When constant adjustment is not required a removable motor unit is available.

Viola, Robert J (Jackson, WY)

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

92

Nonlinear dynamic analysis of hydrodynamically-coupled stainless steel structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spent nuclear fuel is usually stored temporarily on the site of nuclear power plants. The spent fuel storage racks are nuclear-safety-related stainless steel structures required to be analyzed for seismic loads. When the storage pool is subjected to three-dimensional (3-D) floor seismic excitations, rack modules, stored fuel bundles, adjacent racks and pool walls, and surrounding water are hydrodynamically coupled. Hydrodynamic coupling (HC) significantly affects the dynamic responses of the racks that are free-standing and submerged in water within the pool. A nonlinear time-history dynamic analysis is usually needed to describe the motion behavior of the racks that are both geometrically nonlinear and material nonlinear in nature. The nonlinearities include the friction resistance between the rack supporting legs and the pool floor, and various potential impacts of fuel-rack, rack-rack, and rack-pool wall. The HC induced should be included in the nonlinear dynamic analysis using the added-hydrodynamic-mass concept based on potential theory per the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) acceptance criteria. To this end, a finite element analysis constitutes a feasible and effective tool. However, most people perform somewhat simplified 1-D, or 2-D, or 3-D single rack and 2-D multiple rack analyses. These analyses are incomplete because a 3-D single rack model behaves quite differently from a 2-D mode. Furthermore, a 3-D whole pool multi-rack model behaves differently than a 3-D single rack model, especially when the strong HC effects are unsymmetrical. In this paper 3-D nonlinear dynamic time-history analyses were performed in a more quantitative manner using sophisticated finite element models developed for a single rack as well as all twelve racks in the whole-pool. Typical response results due to different HC effects are determined and discussed.

Zhao, Y. [Battelle, Columbus, OH (United States). Engineering Mechanics Group

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

A method for measuring joint kinematics designed for accurate registration of kinematic data to models constructed from CT data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A method for measuring three-dimensional kinematics that incorporates the direct cross-registration of experimental kinematics with anatomic geometry from Computed Tomography (CT) data has been developed. Plexiglas ...

Fischer, Kenneth J.; Manson, T. T.; Pfaeffle, H. J.; Tomaino, M. M.; Woo, S. L-Y

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Kinematic measures for assessing gait stability in elderly individuals: a systematic review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...biomechanical measures of foot kinematics provides a...DFA) and represents the power-law correlations of...stride time and minimum foot clearance) followed by...J. 1988 Statistical power analysis for the behavioral...plot indexes of minimum foot clearance variability...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

A Novel Two-Dimensional Tactile Slip Display: Design, Kinematics and Perceptual Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-driven wheels actuates the ball via contact friction. Mechanical performance requirements are used to define slip through the rotation of a ball positioned under the user's fingertip. A pair of motor the dimensions and construction method of the device. Kinematic analysis shows that the drive wheel angles

Webster III, Robert James

96

Intergrating Magnetotellurics, Soil Gas Geochemistry and Structural Analysis to Identify Hidden, High Enthalpy, Extensional Geothermal Systems  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Intergrating Magnetotellurics, Soil Gas Geochemistry and Structural Analysis to Identify Hidden, High Enthalpy, Extensional Geothermal Systems presentation at the April 2013 peer review meeting held in Denver, Colorado.

97

Application of Random Vibration Theory Methodology for Seismic Soil-Structure Interaction Analysis  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Application of Random Vibration Theory Methodology for Seismic Soil-Structure Interaction Analysis Farhang Ostadan Nan Deng Lisa Anderson Bechtel National, Inc. USDOE NPH Workshop October 2014

98

Structural Analysis of Southern Dixie Valley using LiDAR and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Structural Analysis of Southern Dixie Valley using LiDAR and Low-Sun-Angle Aerial Photography, NAS Fallon Geothermal Exploration Project, Dixie Valley, Nevada Jump to: navigation,...

99

Managerial Coaching Behavior and Employee Outcomes: A Structural Equation Modeling Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

‘s alpha estimates for reliability, correlation analysis, two-step modeling techniques for structural equation modeling, and Sobel tests were the analysis methods used in the study. The results of the analyses indicated that the hypothesized conceptual...

Kim, Sewon

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

100

Structure Analysis of a Precipitate Phase in an Ni-Rich High...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Analysis of a Precipitate Phase in an Ni-Rich High Temperature NiTiHf Shape Memory Alloy. Structure Analysis of a Precipitate Phase in an Ni-Rich High Temperature NiTiHf Shape...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kinematic structural analysis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Incremental wind-wave analysis of the structural capacity of offshore wind turbine support structures under extreme loading  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Offshore wind turbine (OWT) support structures are subjected to non-proportional environmental wind and wave load patterns with respect to increases in wave height and with respect to wind and wave combined loading. Traditional approaches to estimating the ultimate capacity of offshore support structures are not ideally suited to analysis of OWTs. In this paper, the concept of incremental wind-wave (IWWA) analysis of the structural capacity of OWT support structures is proposed. The approach uses static pushover analysis of OWT support structures subject to wind and wave combined load patterns corresponding to increasing mean return period (MRP). The IWWA framework can be applied as a one-parameter approach (IWWA1) in which the MRP for the wind and wave conditions is assumed to be the same or a two-parameter approach (IWWA2) in which the \\{MRPs\\} associated with wind and wave conditions are related to a joint probability density function characterizing the wind and wave conditions at the site. Example calculations for monopile and jacket supported \\{OWTs\\} at Atlantic marine sites are performed under both one parameter and two parameters IWWA framework. The analyses illustrate that: the results of an IWWA analysis are site specific; and structural response can be dominated by either wind or wave conditions depending on structural characteristics and site conditions. Finally, reliability analyses for both examples excluding uncertainties in structural resistance are estimated based on their IWWA results and probabilistic models for site environmental conditions.

Kai Wei; Sanjay R. Arwade; Andrew T. Myers

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Structural Equation Modelling for Causal Analysis Applied to Transport Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

barrier (SBA), fault tree (FTA) and failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) into one method. Our approach Analysis (FTA), Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA), Event Tree Analysis (ETA) or Safety Barrier]). The probably most familiar methods FTA and FMEA are widely used in industry due to their intuitive

Schlingloff, Holger

103

Gravito-magnetic vacuum spacetimes: kinematic restrictions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that there are no vacuum solutions with a purely magnetic Weyl tensor with respect to an observer submitted to kinematic restrictions involving first order differential scalars. This result generalizes previous ones for the vorticity-free and shear-free cases. We use a covariant approach which makes evident that only the Bianchi identities are used and, consequently, the results are also valid for non vacuum solutions with vanishing Cotton tensor.

J. J. Ferrando; J. A. Saez

2003-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

104

Structured video content analysis : learning spatio-temporal and multimodal structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Video data exhibits a variety of structures: pixels exhibit spatial structure, e.g., the same class of objects share certain shapes and/or colors in image; sequences of frames exhibit temporal structure, e.g., dynamic ...

Song, Yale

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Seismic Fragility Analysis and Loss Estimation for Concrete Structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The main objective of this study is to develop a methodology to assess seismic vulnerability of concrete structures and to estimate direct losses related to structural damage due to future seismic events. This dissertation contains several...

Bai, Jong Wha

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

106

www.cesos.ntnu.no Yihan Xing Centre for Ships and Ocean Structures Integrated analysis of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 www.cesos.ntnu.no Yihan Xing ­ Centre for Ships and Ocean Structures Integrated analysis of wind results · Integrated analysis in combination with aero-elastic simulations. · Example of application.cesos.ntnu.no Yihan Xing ­ Centre for Ships and Ocean Structures Wind turbine drivetrain concepts · Three main groups

Nørvåg, Kjetil

107

Seismic fragility analysis of equipment and structures in a Memphis Electric substation. Technical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents a seismic fragility analysis of equipment and structures in an electric substation in Memphis, Tennessee. These include the pothead structure, 115 kv switch structure, 97 kv lightning arresters, control house, capacitor banks, 115/12 kv transformers, 12 kv regulators, 115 kv oil circuit breakers, and 12 kv oil circuit breakers. The results from this fragility analysis provide the expected performance of equipment and structures in a substation. They can also be used to evaluate the seismic performance of the entire electric substation and to perform a system reliability analysis of the electric transmission system.

Huo, J.R.; Hwang, H.H.M.

1995-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

108

Finite element-based analysis of shunted piezoelectric structures for vibration damping  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Piezoelectric patches shunted with passive electrical networks can be attached to a host structure for reduction of structural vibrations. This approach is frequently called ''shunted piezo damping'' and has the advantage of guaranteed stability and ... Keywords: Finite element analysis, Passive electrical network, Piezoelectric structure, Vibration damping

Jens Becker; Oliver Fein; Matthias Maess; Lothar Gaul

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

PROTMAP2D: visualization, comparison and analysis of 2D maps of protein structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......models of the same protein (e.g. structures...different programs), ensembles of structures...segments of the protein chain) and monitor...trajectory or an ensemble. Full distance...models of the same protein. Analysis of incomplete...structures with disordered parts) is however......

Michal J. Pietal; Irina Tuszynska; Janusz M. Bujnicki

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

A Computational Pipeline for Protein Structure Prediction and Analysis at Genome Scale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A Computational Pipeline for Protein Structure Prediction and Analysis at Genome Scale Manesh that they can complement the existing experimental techniques. In this paper, we present an automated pipeline for protein structure prediction. The centerpiece of the pipeline is a threading-based protein structure

111

Structural and Functional Analysis of the Native Peripherin-ROM1 Complex Isolated from Photoreceptor Cells*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Structural and Functional Analysis of the Native Peripherin- ROM1 Complex Isolated from: The tetraspanins peripherin and ROM1 interact and localize to the rim structures of vertebrate photoreceptor disc membranes. Results: Native peripherin-ROM1 complex displays a tetrameric structure with a 2-fold symmetry

Palczewski, Krzysztof

112

SciTech Connect: Structural analysis of flexible proteins in...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

scattering data can be compared to calculated scattering curves from the growing data base of solved structures and also identify aggregation and unfolded proteins....

113

Industrial structures : an analysis and transformation of their formal characteristics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Industrial structures such as blast furnaces, oil refineries, gravel crushers etc. are often beautiful and fascinating. Furthermore, they exemplify certain formal and organizational characteristics which could be incorporated ...

Strub, Damon

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Principal Component Analysis for Fault Detection and Structure Health Monitoring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into the concrete structure, they allow a permanent monitoring [9]. In this work, the monitoring of concrete liner for radioactive intermediate-level long-lived waste and high-level waste at a depth of 500 meters. It will be 1 french National Agency for Radioactive Waste Management 7th European Workshop on Structural Health

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

115

Modelling and analysis of a novel wind turbine structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study introduces a novel wind turbine structure for an urban environment. A computational modelling has been conducted to investigate the effect of the new structure on the flow behaviour of entrance wind through the structure and the feasibility of the new wind turbine working at different wind speeds in an urban area. The wind flow behaviour through a chamber of the wind turbine structure has resulted in an increase of 1.3 times of the wind velocity at the outlet of the wind turbine. This is equivalent to 2.5 times increase of wind energy. The wind tunnel tests were carried out to validate the simulation results. There is a good correlation between the experimental and computational results. It is evident that the presented computational method can predict and evaluate the performance of this new type of shroud structure in an urban environment.

Xu Zhang; Yong K. Chen; Rajnish K. Calay

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

AN ANALYSIS OF PROTEIN FOLDING BY DECODING THE HIERARCHY OF NATIVE-STATE STRUCTURAL INTERACTIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN ANALYSIS OF PROTEIN FOLDING BY DECODING THE HIERARCHY OF NATIVE-STATE STRUCTURAL INTERACTIONS and Department of Physics and Astronomy 2002 #12;ABSTRACT AN ANALYSIS OF PROTEIN FOLDING BY DECODING by which proteins fold is one of the most intensely studied prob- lems in science. Here, an analysis

Thorpe, Michael

117

Spectroscopic Survey of Red Giants in the SMC. I: Kinematics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a spectroscopic survey of 2046 red giant stars, distributed over the central 4x2 kpc of the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC). After fitting and removing a small velocity gradient across the SMC (7.9 km/s/deg oriented at 10 deg E of N), we measure an rms velocity scatter of 27.5+-0.5 km/s. The line of sight velocity distribution is well-characterized by a Gaussian and the velocity dispersion profile is nearly constant as a function of radius. We find no kinematic evidence of tidal disturbances. Without a high-precision measurement of the SMC's proper motion, it is not possible to constrain the SMC's true rotation speed from our measured radial-velocity gradient. However, even with conservative assumptions, we find that v < sigma and hence that the SMC is primarily supported by its velocity dispersion. We find that the shape of the SMC, as measured from the analysis of the spatial distribution of its red giant stars, is consistent with the degree of rotational flattening expected for the range of allowed v/sigma values. As such, the properties of the SMC are consistent with similar low luminosity spheroidal systems. We conclude that the SMC is primarily a low luminosity spheroid whose irregular visual appearance is dominated by recent star formation. A simple virial analysis using the measured kinematics implies an enclosed mass within 1.6 kpc of between 1.4 and 1.9x10^9 Mo, and a less well constrained mass within 3 kpc of between 2.7 and 5.1x10^9 Mo.

Jason Harris; Dennis Zaritsky

2006-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

118

Structural and Thermal Analysis of Hose for LNG Applications.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Finite element analysis (FEA) of the hose assembly used for transportation of Liquefied natural gas (LNG) has become a powerful tool in predicting the deformation… (more)

Kashid, Bipin G.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

FAQS Gap Analysis Qualification Card – Civil Structural Engineering  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Functional Area Qualification Standard Gap Analysis Qualification Cards outline the differences between the last and latest version of the FAQ Standard.

120

Nonlinear analysis of smart composite plate and shell structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

embedability into host materials, such as the modern Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Polimeric (CFRP) composites, without significantly effecting the structural integrity. Considerable effort is spent to understand the interaction between magnetostrictive layers...

Lee, Seung Joon

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kinematic structural analysis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Nonlinear Analysis and Dynamic Structure in the Energy Market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research assesses the dynamic structure of the energy sector of the aggregate economy in the context of nonlinear mechanisms. Earlier studies have focused mainly on the price of the energy products when detecting nonlinearities in time series...

Aghababa, Hajar

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

122

Dynamic analysis of concrete coupled wall structures : a parametric study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Concrete coupled wall structure is a system that can efficiently dissipate energy under the effect of lateral loads. It has been widely used in medium height buildings for several decades. While researchers have conducted ...

Huang, Elaine Annabelle, 1981-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Analysis of blast mitigation strategies exploiting fluid-structure interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Blast attacks have become the most pervasive threat in both civil and military contexts. However, there is currently a limited understanding of the mechanisms of loading, damage and failure of structures, and injury to ...

Kambouchev, Nayden Dimitrov, 1980-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Notes 03. Kinematics of motion in cylindrical journal bearings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reynolds equation for cylindrical journal bearings. Kinematics of motion and film thickness. Distinction between fixed and rotating coordinates. The pure squeeze velocity vector. Examples of journal motion....

San Andres, Luis

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Airborne observations of the kinematics and statistics of breaking waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

v 3 Observations of wave breaking kinematics in fetch-crest length . . . . . C.6 Wave elevation . . . . . . . .breaking waves in the images . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3.3

Kleiss, Jessica M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Integration of Noise and Coda Correlation Data into Kinematic...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Integration of Noise and Coda Correlation Data into Kinematic and Waveform Inversions Fracture Network and Fluid Flow Imaging for EGS Applications from Multi-Dimensional Electrical...

127

Large scale kinematics and dynamical modelling of the Milky Way nuclear star cluster  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Within the central 10pc of our Galaxy lies a dense nuclear star cluster (NSC), and similar NSCs are found in most nearby galaxies. Studying the structure and kinematics of NSCs reveals the history of mass accretion of galaxy nuclei. Because the Milky Way (MW) NSC is at a distance of only 8kpc, we can spatially resolve the MWNSC on sub-pc scales. This makes the MWNSC a reference object for understanding the formation of all NSCs. We have used the NIR long-slit spectrograph ISAAC (VLT) in a drift-scan to construct an integral-field spectroscopic map of the central 9.5 x 8pc of our Galaxy. We use this data set to extract stellar kinematics both of individual stars and from the unresolved integrated light spectrum. We present a velocity and dispersion map from the integrated light and model these kinematics using kinemetry and axisymmetric Jeans models. We also measure CO bandhead strengths of 1,381 spectra from individual stars. We find kinematic complexity in the NSCs radial velocity map including a misalignmen...

Feldmeier, A; Seth, A; Schödel, R; Lützgendorf, N; de Zeeuw, P T; Kissler-Patig, M; Nishiyama, S; Walcher, C J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

THE KINEMATICS OF IONIZED GAS IN LYMAN-BREAK ANALOGS AT z {approx} 0.2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present results for 19 'Lyman-break analogs' observed with Keck/OSIRIS with an adaptive-optics-assisted spatial resolution of less than 200 pc. We detect satellites/companions, diffuse emission, and velocity shear, all with high signal-to-noise ratios. These galaxies present remarkably high velocity dispersion along the line of sight ({approx}70 km s{sup -1}), much higher than standard star-forming spirals in the low-redshift universe. We artificially redshift our data to z {approx} 2.2 to allow for a direct comparison with observations of high-z Lyman-break galaxies and find striking similarities between both samples. This suggests that either similar physical processes are responsible for their observed properties, or, alternatively, that it is very difficult to distinguish between different mechanisms operating in the low- versus high-redshift starburst galaxies based on the available data. The comparison between morphologies in the UV/optical continuum and our kinemetry analysis often shows that neither is by itself sufficient to confirm or completely rule out the contribution from recent merger events. We find a correlation between the kinematic properties and stellar mass, in that more massive galaxies show stronger evidence for a disk-like structure. This suggests a co-evolutionary process between the stellar mass buildup and the formation of morphological and dynamical substructure within the galaxy.

Goncalves, Thiago S.; Martin, D. Christopher; Wyder, Ted K. [California Institute of Technology, MC 278-17, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Basu-Zych, Antara [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Laboratory for X-ray Astrophysics, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Overzier, Roderik [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astrophysik, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Law, David R.; Mallery, Ryan; Rich, R. Michael [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Division of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Schiminovich, David [Department of Astronomy, Columbia University, MC 2457, 550 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027 (United States); Heckman, Timothy H., E-mail: tsg@astro.caltech.ed [Department of Physics and Astronomy, The Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Background rejection for the IBIS telescope based on compton kinematics: Experimental tests and Montecarlo simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

IBIS (Imager on Board the Integral Satellite) is dedicated to fine imaging in the gamma-ray energy range. The imaging performances are achieved using a coded mask aperture system in conjunction with a position sensitive detector made of two layers. This multilayer structure of position sensitive detectors allows the application of Compton kinematics for background rejection. In order to determine the efficacy of this method, a reduced scale prototype of the instrument has been developed. The detection apparatus is composed by two scintillation matrices of 5x5 elements in the same configuration of IBIS. The upper layer pixel size is 13 x 13 x 3 mm whereas the lower layer pixel size is 13 x 13 x 30 mm. An hybrid technology electronics has been setup for signals shaping and discrimination, moreover a custom software package has been developed for system calibration and data analysis. The equipment has been tested at different energies by employing radioactive sources. The results are presented and compared, when possible, with Montecarlo simulations.

Di Cocco, G.; De Cesare, G.; Grassi, D. [Istituto TeSRE/CNR, Bologna (Italy)] [and others

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

130

Use of structure coefficients in published reports of regression analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When considering the effect of an independent variable in a statistical analysis, one logical set of statistics to consult would be the regression weights. However, if the independent/predictor variables are correlated, the estimates...

Courville, Troy Gerard

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Robust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein Structures  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of even the simplest of organisms. Hura et al. have developed a high-throughput protein pipeline that could expedite protein analysis by trading atomic-level detail for speed and...

132

Structural analysis of metalloform-selective inhibition of methionine aminopeptidase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consisted of 10–15% PEG 20 000, 0.1 M MES pH 6.5 and 2 mM MnCl2 for compounds (2) and (3) or 33% PEG 3350, 0.1 M Bis-Tris pH 6.5, 0.2 M NH4OAc and 1.2 mM CoCl2 for compound (4). 2.3. Data collection and structural refinement Crystals were mounted on an R... solutions were achieved using CCP4 (Collaborative Computational Project, Number 4, 1994). Structures were solved with the program AMoRe using an available E. coli MetAP structure (PDB code 2mat; Lowther, Orville et al., 1999) as the search model. Model...

Xie, Sheng-Xue; Huang, Wei-Jun; Ma, Ze-Qiang; Huang, Min; Hanzlik, Robert P.; Ye, Qi-Zhuang

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Nonlinear structural finite element analysis using the preconditioned Lanczos method on serial and parallel computers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The application of the Lanczos algorithm in Newton-like methods for solving non-linear systems of equations arising in nonlinear structural finite element analysis is presented. It is shown that with appropria...

Th. Rottner; I. Lenhardt; G. Alefeld; K. Schweizerhof

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Factor structure analysis of the Comprehensive Effects of Alcohol - Spanish questionnaire among adolescents in Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the psychometric properties of the Comprehensive Effects of Alcohol (CEOA) questionnaire with Spanish speaking populations. Using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), the factor structure of the Spanish version of the CEOA was assessed in a set of scores obtained...

Flato, Claudia Graciela

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

135

Wave load computation in direct strength analysis of semi-submersible platform structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A wave load computation approach in direct strength analysis of semi-submersible platform structures was presented in this paper. Considering ... adopted for generating the wet surface mesh of platform. The hydro...

Hai-bin Zhang; Hui-long Ren; Yang-shan Dai…

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Essays on the structural estimation and analysis of corporate and industrial markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The three chapters which comprise my thesis are a collection of essays on the analysis of the corporate governance and airline markets and of the federal appellate structure. In Chapter 1, I use a discrete choice framework ...

Cohen, Moshe Aharon

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Structural Analysis of Southern Dixie Valley using LiDAR and Low-Sun-Angle  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Structural Analysis of Southern Dixie Valley using LiDAR and Low-Sun-Angle Structural Analysis of Southern Dixie Valley using LiDAR and Low-Sun-Angle Aerial Photography, NAS Fallon Geothermal Exploration Project, Dixie Valley, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Structural Analysis of Southern Dixie Valley using LiDAR and Low-Sun-Angle Aerial Photography, NAS Fallon Geothermal Exploration Project, Dixie Valley, Nevada Abstract The goal of this study is to map and characterize Quaternary faults in southern Dixie Valley for the Department of the Navy Geothermal Program Office's NAS Fallon Geothermal Exploration Project. We will use this information to better characterize the regional structure and geothermal resource potential of the area,with a focus on determining the structural

138

Structure Function Analysis of Complex Dynamics of Plasma Turbulence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of China, Hefei, PRC 2 Electrical Engineering Dept., University of California, Los Angeles, USA #12: scaling vs. nonscaling stationary vs. nonstationary additive vs. multiplicative and so on ... Different vs. momofractal scaling). · In this contribution, Structure Functions, in addition to other methods

Gilmore, Mark

139

Structural analysis of lignin-derived carbon composite anodes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lignin-based carbon composite anodes consisting of nanocrystalline and amorphous domains are studied to develop a relationship of structural properties such as crystallite size, intracrystallite d spacing, crystalline volume fraction and composite density with their pair distribution functions, as obtained from both molecular dynamics simulation and neutron scattering.

McNutt, N.W.

2014-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

140

Dusky dolphins of Kaikoura, New Zealand: behavioral effects of genetic sampling and analysis of population structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DUSKY DOLPHINS OF KAIKOURA, NEW ZEALAND: BEHAVIORAL EFFECTS OF GENETIC SAMPLING AND ANALYSIS OF POPULATION STRUCTURE A Thesis by APRIL DAWN HARLIN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1999 Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences DUSKY DOLPHINS OF KAIKOURA, NEW ZEALAND: BEHAVIORAL EFFECTS OF GENETIC SAMPLING AND ANALYSIS OF POPULATION STRUCTURE A Thesis by APRIL DAWN HARLIN...

Harlin, April Dawn

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kinematic structural analysis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

A shear deformable, doubly curved finite element for the analysis of laminated composite structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A SHL'AR DEFORMABLE, DOUBLY CURVED FINITE ELEMENT FOR THE ANALYSIS OF LAMINATED COMPOSITE STRUCTURES A Thesis by JOSEPH PATRICK FUEHNE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AE-M University in partial fulfiHment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1988 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering A SHEAR DEFORMABLE, DOUBLY CURVED FINITE ELEMENT FOR THE ANALYSIS OF LAMINATED COMPOSITE STRUCTURES A Thesis by JOSEPH PATRICK FUEHNE Approved as to style and content by...

Fuehne, Joseph Patrick

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

142

Mathematical model of material kinematics in an axial threshing unit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a study of the movement of vegetal material through the threshing space of an axial threshing unit. The developed kinematical equations are based on a nonlinear law governing the non-uniform movement of the material on an uneven helical ... Keywords: Combine harvester, Computer simulation, Grain Kinematics, Grain Separation, Modeling

Petre I. Miu; Heinz-Dieter Kutzbach

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Fire Hazards Analysis for the Inactive Equipment Storage Sprung Structure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of the analysis is to comprehensively assess the risk from fire within individual fire areas in relation to proposed fire protection so as to ascertain whether the fire protection objective of DOE Order 5480.1A are met. The order acknowledges a graded approach commensurate with the hazards involved.

MYOTT, C.F.

2000-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

144

Analysis of a typical Midwestern structure subjected to seismic loads  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The extent of damage and casualties in Midwest cities such as St. Louis during an earthquake caused by the New Madrid fault system will be due in part to the performance of buildings. Dynamic nonlinear analysis of a reinforced concrete building...

Hart, Jason Frazier

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

145

AIAA-2003-0867 STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF INFLOW AND STRUCTURAL RESPONSE DATA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AIAA-2003-0867 1 STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF INFLOW AND STRUCTURAL RESPONSE DATA FROM THE LIST PROGRAM, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712 2 Wind Energy Technology Department, Sandia National is gathering inflow and structural response data on a modified version of the Micon 65/13 wind turbine

Manuel, Lance

146

Structure and Evolutionary Analysis of a Non-biological ATP-binding Protein  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Structure and Evolutionary Analysis of a Non-biological ATP-binding Protein Sheref S. Mansy1 sequence into a stably folded, high affinity ATP binding protein structure. While the evolutionarily and functional data was then used to interpret the significance of each amino acid mutation. The enhanced ATP

Heller, Eric

147

Structural analysis of the Velarden~ a mining district, Mexico: a faulted AuAg-rich  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Structural analysis of the Velarden~ a mining district, Mexico: a faulted Au­Ag-rich hydrothermal carbonate-hosted deposits are found at the contact with surrounding limestones. The mineral- ized structures at different crustal depths, thus enabling studies of the entire hydrothermal system--from low-grade breccia

Long, Bernard

148

Analysis of the projected Coupled Cluster Method in Electronic Structure Calculation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis of the projected Coupled Cluster Method in Electronic Structure Calculation Reinhold a powerful tool for high accuracy electronic structure calculations. The present paper aims to provide Schneider 8.11.2008 Abstract The electronic Schr¨odinger equation plays a fundamental role in molcular

Nabben, Reinhard

149

Structural analysis of the Sheep Mountain anticline, Bighorn Basin, Wyoming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

throughout the periphery of the Bighorn Basin. Major folds within the study are basement-cored, asymmetric, doubly-plunging structures that trend subparallel to the adjacent Bighorn Mountain uplift. Subsidiary disharmonic folds are found on the flanks.... Bedding plane slip and related minor thrusting are pervasive throughout the fold and are observed to operate as mechanisms for subsidiary disharmonic folding on its steep flank. Predominant assemblages of mesoscopic fracture sets measured...

Hennier, Jeffrey Hugh

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

150

Internal Kinematics of Luminous Compact Blue Galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe the dynamical properties which may be inferred from HST/STIS spectroscopic observations of luminous compact blue galaxies (LCBGs) between 0.1kinematics indicates this small subset of LCBGs are dynamically hot, and unlikely to be embedded in disk systems.

Matthew A. Bershady; M. Vils; C. Hoyos; R. Guzman; D. C. Koo

2004-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

151

Application of electron microscopy and x-ray structural analysis for the determination of sizes of structural elements in nanocrystalline materials (Review)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The possibilities of determining the sizes of structural elements in various nanocrystalline materials by electron microscopy and X-ray structural analysis are analyzed. It is shown that these sizes depend on ...

Yu. D. Yagodkin; S. V. Dobatkin

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Longitudinal Data Analysis Using Multilevel Linear Modeling (MLM): Fitting an Optimal Variance-Covariance Structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LONGITUDINAL DATA ANALYSIS USING MULTILEVEL LINEAR MODELING (MLM): FITTING AN OPTIMAL VARIANCE-COVARIANCE STRUCTURE A Dissertation by YUAN-HSUAN LEE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2010 Major Subject: Educational Psychology Longitudinal Data Analysis Using Multilevel Linear Modeling (MLM...

Lee, Yuan-Hsuan

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

153

Lipid Bilayer Structure Determined by the Simultaneous Analysis of Neutron and X-Ray Scattering Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lipid Bilayer Structure Determined by the Simultaneous Analysis of Neutron and X-Ray Scattering) and dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) bilayers by simultaneously analyzing x-ray and neutron scattering data. The neutron data electron and neutron scattering density profiles. A key result of the analysis is the molecular surface

Nagle, John F.

154

Structural sensitivity calculated with a local stability analysis M. P. Juniper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Structural sensitivity calculated with a local stability analysis M. P. Juniper and B. Pier, which are situated on either side of the recirculation bubble. This agrees well with the experimental stability analysis3 , which is less computationally-expensive than calculating the 2D eigenfunction

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

155

Protein Folding Dynamics via Quantification of Kinematic Energy Landscape Sema Kachalo, Hsiao-Mei Lu, and Jie Liang*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Protein Folding Dynamics via Quantification of Kinematic Energy Landscape Se¨ma Kachalo, Hsiao of protein folding has been studied ex- tensively [1,2]. A remarkable observation is that protein folding that protein folding rates are largely determined by the topology of their native structure [3]. Theoretical

Dai, Yang

156

Structural analysis of the West Hackbery No. 6 SPR storage cavern  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Four separate structural analyses of the West Hackberry No. 6 SPR storage cavern are presented. One analysis covers the creep response of the cavern beginning shortly before the time when an accidental fire occurred and proceeding through the cavern recertification pressure test. The second analysis models the surface uplife that is expected during the same pressure test. The third and fourth numerical studies investigate the structural response of West Hackberry No. 6 to slabbing and a rapid pressure drop. All analyses indicate that this cavern should be structurally stable for the conditions assumed.

Benzley, S.E.

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

A case study on effectiveness of structural reliability analysis in nuclear reactor safety assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Problems on reliability of structural integrity occupy an important position in various aspects of nuclear reactor safety. In the present paper, an effective method for quantitative evaluation of structural reliability based on ‘stress strength model’ is developed with the objectives of taking a larger number of factors into the evaluation than before and giving useful results within moderate computing time. The method is applied to the reliability analysis of PWR pressure vessels. The results show the relative importance of inspection as well as the parameter uncertainty for assuring the reliability of the structure, although analysis is limited within the scope of linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM). This case study also shows that the analysis of structural reliability is effective for safety assessment of nuclear power plants in general and possibly for the improvements of the consistency in the design code.

A. Yamaguchi; S. Kondo; Y. Togo

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Analysis of Lipoplex Structure and Lipid Phase Changes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Efficient delivery of genetic material to cells is needed for tasks of utmost importance in the laboratory and clinic, such as gene transfection and gene silencing. Synthetic cationic lipids can be used as delivery vehicles for nucleic acids and are now considered the most promising nonviral gene carriers. They form complexes (lipoplexes) with the polyanionic nucleic acids. A critical obstacle for clinical application of the lipid-mediated DNA delivery (lipofection) is its unsatisfactory efficiency for many cell types. Understanding the mechanism of lipid-mediated DNA delivery is essential for their successful application, as well as for a rational design and synthesis of novel cationic lipoid compounds for enhanced gene delivery. A viewpoint now emerging is that the critical factor in lipid-mediated transfection is the structural evolution of lipoplexes within the cell, upon interacting and mixing with cellular lipids. In particular, recent studies showed that the phase evolution of lipoplex lipids upon interaction and mixing with membrane lipids appears to be decisive for transfection success: specifically, lamellar lipoplex formulations, which were readily susceptible to undergoing lamellar-nonlamellar phase transition upon mixing with cellular lipids and were found rather consistently associated with superior transfection potency, presumably as a result of facilitated DNA release. Thus, understanding the lipoplex structure and the phase changes upon interacting with membrane lipids is important for the successful application of the cationic lipids as gene carriers.

Koynova, Rumiana

2012-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

159

Seismic fluid-structure interaction analysis of a large LMFBR reactor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a seismic analysis which includes fluid-structure interactions for a large LMFBR reactor with many internal components and structures. Two mathematical models were employed. An axisymmetrical model was used for the vertical excitation analysis whereas a three-dimensional model was used for the horizontal excitation analysis. In both analyses, the sodium coolant was treated by continuum fluid elements. Thus, important seismic effects such as fluid-structure interaction, free-surface sloshing, fluid coupling, etc. are included in the analysis. This study is useful to the design of future LMFBR reactors. The results of this study can be used to improve the margin of safety of LMFBR plants under seismic conditions.

Ma, D.C.; Gvildys, J.; Chang, Y.W.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Structural Analysis of Novel Lignin-derived Carbon Composite Anodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of novel lignin-based carbon composite anodes consisting of nanocrystalline and amorphous domains motivates the understanding of a relationship of the structural properties characterizing these materials, such as crystallite size, intracrystallite dspacing, crystalline volume fraction and composite density, with their pair distribution functions (PDF), obtained from both molecular dynamics simulation and neutron scattering. A model for these composite materials is developed as a function of experimentally measurable parameters and realized in fifteen composite systems, three of which directly match all parameters of their experimental counterparts. The accurate reproduction of the experimental PDFs using the model systems validates the model. The decomposition of the simulated PDFs provides an understanding of each feature in the PDF and allows for the development of a mapping between the defining characteristics of the PDF and the material properties of interest.

McNutt, Nicholas W [ORNL; Rios, Orlando [ORNL; Feygenson, Mikhail [ORNL; Proffen, Thomas E [ORNL; Keffer, David J [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kinematic structural analysis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

A Structural Analysis of Star-Forming Region AFGL 490  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present Spitzer IRAC and MIPS observations of the star-forming region containing intermediate-mass young stellar object (YSO) AFGL 490. We supplement these data with near-IR 2MASS photometry and with deep SQIID observations off the central high extinction region. We have more than doubled the known membership of this region to 57 Class I and 303 Class II YSOs via the combined 1-24 um photometric catalog derived from these data. We construct and analyze the minimum spanning tree of their projected positions, isolating one locally over-dense cluster core containing 219 YSOs (60.8% of the region's members). We find this cluster core to be larger yet less dense than similarly analyzed clusters. Although the structure of this cluster core appears irregular, we demonstrate that the parsec-scale surface densities of both YSOs and gas are correlated with a power law slope of 2.8, as found for other similarly analyzed nearby molecular clouds. We also explore the mass segregation implications of AFGL 490's offset fr...

Masiunas, L C; Pipher, J L; Megeath, S T; Myers, P C; Allen, L E; Kirk, H M; Fazio, G G

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Effective dislocation lines in continuously dislocated crystals. III. Kinematics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A class of congruences of principal Volterra-type effective dislocation lines associated with a dislocation density tensor is distinguished in order to investigate the kinematics of continuized defective crystals in terms of their dislocation densities (tensorial as well as scalar). Moreover, it shown, basing oneself on a formula defining the mean curvature of glide surfaces for principal edge effective dislocation lines, that the considered kinematics of continuized defective crystals is consistent with some relations appearing in the physical theory of plasticity (e.g. with the Orowan-type kinematic relations and with the treatment of shear stresses as driving stresses of moving dislocations).

Andrzej Trzesowski

2007-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

163

On the Kinematics of Undulator Girder Motion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The theory of rigid body kinematics is used to derive equations that govern the control and measurement of the position and orientation of undulator girders. The equations form the basis of the girder matlab software on the LCLS control system. The equations are linear for small motion and easily inverted as desired. For reference, some relevant girder geometrical data is also given. Equations 6-8 relate the linear potentiometer readings to the motion of the girder. Equations 9-11 relate the cam shaft angles to the motion of the girder. Both sets are easily inverted to either obtain the girder motion from the angles or readings, or, to find the angles and readings that would give a desired motion. The motion of any point on the girder can be calculated by applying either sets of equations to the two cam-planes and extrapolating in the z coordinate using equation 19. The formulation of the equations is quite general and easily coded via matrix and vector methods. They form the basis of the girder matlab software on the LCLS control system.

Welch, J; /SLAC; ,

2011-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

164

Structural, Functional, and Genetic Analysis of Sorangicin Inhibition of Bacterial RNA Polymerase  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A combined structural, functional, and genetic approach was used to investigate inhibition of bacterial RNA polymerase (RNAP) by sorangicin (Sor), a macrolide polyether antibiotic. Sor lacks chemical and structural similarity to the ansamycin rifampicin (Rif), an RNAP inhibitor widely used to treat tuberculosis. Nevertheless, structural analysis revealed Sor binds in the same RNAP {beta} subunit pocket as Rif, with almost complete overlap of RNAP binding determinants, and functional analysis revealed that both antibiotics inhibit transcription by directly blocking the path of the elongating transcript at a length of 2-3 nucleotides. Genetic analysis indicates that Rif binding is extremely sensitive to mutations expected to change the shape of the antibiotic binding pocket, while Sor is not. We suggest that conformational flexibility of Sor, in contrast to the rigid conformation of Rif, allows Sor to adapt to changes in the binding pocket. This has important implications for drug design against rapidly mutating targets.

Campbell,E.; Pavlova, O.; Zenkin, N.; Leon, F.; Irschik, H.; Jansen, R.; Severinov, K.; Darst, S.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Computational and theoretical analysis of weak and strong transverse-wave structures in gaseous detonations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two-dimensional simulation results are presented that capture at great detail the temporal evolution of Mach reflection triple point sub-structures intrinsic to gaseous detonation waves. The observed patterns are classified by shock polar analysis for realistic, thermally perfect but nonreactive gases. A diagram of the transition boundaries between possible Mach reflection structures is constructed and found to be in good agreement with the computational results.

Deiterding, Ralf [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Kinematic model for postorogenic Basin and Range extension | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kinematic model for postorogenic Basin and Range extension Kinematic model for postorogenic Basin and Range extension Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Kinematic model for postorogenic Basin and Range extension Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The Raft River extensional shear zone is exposed in the Albion-Raft River-Grouse Creek metamorphic core complex. Several studies of ductile deformation have shown that it accommodated crustal stretching in Tertiary time during late orogenic collapse of the thickened Cordilleran crust. Progressive deformation that results from mixed pure and simple shear produces a complex strain pattern along the shear zone. The authors propose a numerical kinematic model that relates strain variations in the shear zone to the different amounts of extension between the brittlely

167

A kinematic coupling based 6 degrees of freedom dynamometer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new 6-degree of freedom dynamometer is presented. Six load cells measure the normal forces at the contact points of a three groove kinematic coupling. Three toggle clamps are used to preload the machine, so that it does ...

Moreu Gamazo, Jaime

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Kinematic interpretation of string instability in a background gravitational field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The unstable regime in which the string oscillating modes develop imaginary frequencies is shown to be characterized, kinematically, by a positive relative acceleration among the different points of the string. Instability occurs when this acceleration, induced by the background curvature, is large enough to make the extension of the corresponding causally connected region smaller than the string maximal size. This kinematic characterization is applied, in particular, to discuss string instability in a static and spherically symmetric gravitational background.

M. Gasperini

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

The stellar kinematics of co-rotating spiral arms in Gaia mock observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have observed an N-body/Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics simulation of a Milky Way like barred spiral galaxy. We present a simple method that samples N-body model particles into mock Gaia stellar observations and takes into account stellar populations, dust extinction and Gaia's science performance estimates. We examine the kinematics around a nearby spiral arm at a similar position to the Perseus arm at three lines of sight in the disc plane; (l,b)=(90,0), (120,0) and (150,0) degrees. We find that the structure of the peculiar kinematics around the co-rotating spiral arm, which is found in Kawata et al. (2014b), is still visible in the observational data expected to be produced by Gaia despite the dust extinction and expected observational errors of Gaia. These observable kinematic signatures will enable testing whether the Perseus arm of the Milky Way is similar to the co-rotating spiral arms commonly seen in N-body simulations.

Hunt, Jason A S; Grand, Robert J J; Minchev, Ivan; Pasetto, Stefano; Cropper, Mark

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Structural analysis of a superconducting central solenoid for the Tokamak Physics Experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Tokamak Physics Experiment (TPX) concept design uses superconducting coils to accomplish magnetic confinement. The central solenoid (CS) magnet is divided vertically into 8 equal segments which are powered independently. The eddy current heating from the pulsed operation is too high for a case type construction; therefore, a {open_quotes}no case{close_quotes} design has been chosen. This {open_quotes}no case{close_quotes} design uses the conductor conduit as the primary structure and the electrical insulation as a structural adhesive. This electrical insulation is the {open_quotes}weak link{close_quotes} in the coil winding pack structure and needs to be modeled in detail. A global finite element model with smeared winding pack properties was used to study the CS magnet structural behavior. The structural analysis results and peak stresses will be presented.

O`Connor, T.G.; Heim, J.R.

1993-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

171

TWO-DIMENSIONAL KINEMATICS OF THE EDGE-ON SPIRAL GALAXY ESO 379-006  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a kinematical study of the nearly edge-on galaxy ESO 379-006 that shows the existence of extraplanar ionized gas. With Fabry-Perot spectroscopy at H{alpha}, we study the kinematics of ESO 379-006 using velocity maps and position-velocity diagrams parallel to the major and to the minor axis of the galaxy. We build the rotation curve of the disk and discuss the role of projection effects due to the fact of viewing this galaxy nearly edge-on. The twisting of the isovelocities in the radial velocity field of the disk of ESO 379-006 as well as the kinematical asymmetries found in some position-velocity diagrams parallel to the minor axis of the galaxy suggest the existence of deviations to circular motions in the disk that can be modeled and explained with the inclusion of a radial inflow probably generated by a bar or by spiral arms. We succeeded in detecting extraplanar diffuse ionized gas in this galaxy. At the same time, from the analysis of position-velocity diagrams, we found some evidence that the extraplanar gas could lag in rotation velocity with respect to the midplane rotation.

Rosado, M.; Gabbasov, R. F.; Repetto, P.; Martos, M. [Instituto de Astronomia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 70-264, CP 04510 Mexico, D. F. (Mexico); Fuentes-Carrera, I. [Escuela Superior de Fisica y Matematicas, Instituto Politecnico Nacional, U. P. Adolfo Lopez Mateos, Zacatenco, 07730 Mexico, D. F. (Mexico); Amram, P.; Hernandez, O. [Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille, Aix-Marseille University (France); CNRS, 38 rue Frederic Joliot-Curie, 13338 Marseille Cedex 13 (France)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

172

Analysis of the structural continuity in twinned crystals in terms of pseudo-eigensymmetry of crystallographic orbits  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A general approach to the analysis of structural continuity in twins is presented and applied to the known twins in melilite.

Marzouki, M.A.

2013-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

173

Non-Linear Seismic Soil Structure Interaction (SSI) Method for Developing Non-Linear Seismic SSI Analysis Techniques  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Non-Linear Seismic Soil Structure Interaction (SSI) Method for Developing Non-Linear Seismic SSI Analysis Techniques Justin Coleman, P.E. October 25th, 2011

174

Towards QoS Prediction Based on Composition Structure Analysis and Probabilistic Environment Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Towards QoS Prediction Based on Composition Structure Analysis and Probabilistic Environment Models Dragan Ivanovi´c Universidad Polit´ecnica de Madrid idragan@clip.dia.fi.upm.es Peerachai Kaowichakorn Universidad Polit´ecnica de Madrid p.kaowichakorn@gmail.com Manuel Carro Universidad Polit´ecnica de Madrid

Politécnica de Madrid, Universidad

175

Economics of Online Structural Health Monitoring of Wind Turbines: Cost Benefit Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economics of Online Structural Health Monitoring of Wind Turbines: Cost Benefit Analysis Jeremy Van monitoring (OSHM) and condition-based maintenance (CBM) of wind turbine blades has the potential to reduce O cost of energy (LCOE) [1]. The costs required to keep wind turbines working in extreme temperatures

McCalley, James D.

176

The structure of Iranian chemistry research, 1990–2006: An author cocitation analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To study the structure of Iranian chemistry research, we identified 43 Iranian and international chemists who were highly cited in 7,682 Iranian chemistry publications (defined as an article with at least one Iranian author address) indexed in Science ... Keywords: Iran, Middle East, author productivity, chemistry, co-citation analysis

Farideh Osareh; Katherine W. McCain

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

On a tensor-based finite element model for the analysis of shell structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the present study, we propose a computational model for the linear and nonlinear analysis of shell structures. We consider a tensor-based finite element formulation which describes the mathematical shell model in a natural and simple way by using...

Arciniega Aleman, Roman Augusto

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

178

Computational Analysis of a Tip Vortex Structure Shed from a Bioinspired Blade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

design for this purpose. Different rotor blade designs and relevant insect wings are under study Computational Analysis of a Tip Vortex Structure Shed from a Bioinspired Blade Sebastian was generated with SolidWorks CAD software from measurements performed on a wing sample obtained from

Maccabe, Barney

179

A Structural Analysis of Vehicle Design Responses to Corporate Average Fuel Economy Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sensitive to fuel prices than to CAFE standards, with the 2007 average fuel price implying that current CAFE09-0588 A Structural Analysis of Vehicle Design Responses to Corporate Average Fuel Economy Policy, Michalek, and Hendrickson 1 ABSTRACT The U.S. Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) regulations, which aim

Michalek, Jeremy J.

180

3D-mesh models: view-based indexing and structural analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D-mesh models: view-based indexing and structural analysis Mohamed Daoudi, Tarik Filali Ansary.daoudi@lifl.fr, tarik.filali@lifl.fr, julien.tierny@lifl.fr, jean-philippe.vandeborre@lifl.fr Abstract. 3D-mesh models applications, medical or military simulations, video games and so on. Indexing and analyzing these 3D data

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kinematic structural analysis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Structural analysis of Catliq bio-oil produced by catalytic liquid conversion of biomass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The energy contained in biomass can be utilized either directly as in combustion or by converting the biomassStructural analysis of Catliq® bio-oil produced by catalytic liquid conversion of biomass Toor, S The potential offered by biomass for solving some of the world's energy problems is widely recognized

Toor, Saqib

182

Variance Analysis of Wind and Natural Gas Generation under Different Market Structures: Some Observations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Variance Analysis of Wind and Variance Analysis of Wind and Natural Gas Generation under Different Market Structures: Some Observations Brian Bush, Thomas Jenkin, David Lipowicz, and Douglas J. Arent National Renewable Energy Laboratory Roger Cooke Resources for the Future Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-52790 January 2012 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Variance Analysis of Wind and Natural Gas Generation under Different Market Structures: Some Observations Brian Bush, Thomas Jenkin, David Lipowicz,

183

Synthesis and analysis of parallel Kinematic XY flexure mechanisms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents a family of XY flexure mechanisms with large ranges of motion, first-order decoupled degrees of freedom, and small parasitic error motions. Synthesis is based on an systematic and symmetric layout of ...

Awtar, Shorya, 1977-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

(inverse kinematics) (inverse dynamics) (PCA : principle component analysis)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MA (n+1) K , MB (n+1) K (4) 3) 1) mean vector MA 1n- M, MB 1n- M (5) 4) 2) mean vector MA (n+1) K- M, MB (n+1) K- M (6) 5) MA, M B (7) 6) 5) mean vector MA - MA, MB - MB (8) (3 A ) +MB (n+1) K (10) MA 1n +(MB (n+1) K- M B ) =( MA 1n- M A ) +MB (n+1) K (11) (n : PC ) blending B

Lee, In-Kwon

185

Quantum Kinematics of Bosonic Vortex Loops  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Poisson structure for vortex filaments (loops and arcs) in 2D ideal incompressible fluid is analyzed in detail. Canonical coordinates and momenta on coadjoint orbits of the area-preserving diffeomorphism group, associated with such vortices, are found. The quantum space of states in the simplest case of ''bosonic'' vortex loops is built within a geometric quantization approach to the description of a quantum fluid. Fock-like structure and non-local creation and annihilation operators of quantum vortex filaments are introduced.

Goldin, G.A.; Owczarek, R.; Sharp, D.H.

1999-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

186

Application of the SASSI soil structure interaction method to CANDU 6 NPP seismic analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The standard CANDU 6 NPP has been conservatively qualified for a Design Basis Earthquake (DBE) peak horizontal ground acceleration of 0.2 g. Currently there are potential opportunities for siting the CANDU 6 at higher seismicity sites. In order to be able to extend the use of a standardized design for sites with higher seismicity than the standard plant, various design options, including the use of the SASSI Soil Structure Interaction (SSI) analysis method, are being evaluated. This paper presents the results of a study to assess the potential benefits from utilization of the SASSI computer program and the use of more realistic damping ratios for the structures.

Ricciuti, R.A.; Elgohary, M.; Usmani, S.A. [Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd., Mississauga, Ontario (Canada)

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Residual sweeping effects in the swept frame of reference in Kinematic Simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It has been suggested that sweeping effects make Lagrangian properties in Kinematic Simulations (KS) unreliable. Here we show through a novel analysis based upon analysing neighbouring particle trajectories in a frame of reference moving with the large energy contining scales that the residual sweeping error in the turbulent pair diffusivity ($K$) in KS is $e_K\\sim dt/\\tau_s$, where $dt$ is the numerical timestep and $\\tau_s$ is the time scale of the sweeping through local eddies. Thus, provided that $dt\\ll \\tau_s$, then $e_K\\ll 1$ and the Lagrangian properties in KS are reliable.

Malik, Nadeem A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Kinematic quantities of finite elastic and plastic deformation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kinematic quantities for finite elastic and plastic deformations are defined via an approach that does not rely on auxiliary elements like reference frame and reference configuration, and that gives account of the inertial-noninertial aspects explicitly. These features are achieved by working on Galilean spacetime directly. The quantity expressing elastic deformations is introduced according to its expected role: to measure how different the current metric is from the relaxed/stressless metric. Further, the plastic kinematic quantity is the change rate of the stressless metric. The properties of both are analyzed, and their relationship to frequently used elastic and plastic kinematic quantities is discussed. One important result is that no objective elastic or plastic quantities can be defined from deformation gradient.

T. Fülöp; P. Ván

2012-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

189

FUNCTIONALAND SMART MATERIALS -Structural evolution and structure analysis by Z.L. Wang and Z.C. Kang Georgia Institute of Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FUNCTIONALAND SMART MATERIALS -Structural evolution and structure analysis by Z.L. Wang and Z of functional and smart materials" - Professor C. Boulesteix, Universite Aix-Marseille, France. "In materials science the spotlight is on functional and smart materials, since they are important components

Wang, Zhong L.

190

RC structures strengthened by metal shear panels: experimental and numerical analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Metal shear panels (MSPs) may be effectively used as a lateral load resisting system for framed structures. In the present paper, such a technique is applied for the seismic protection of existing RC buildings, by setting up a specific design procedure, which has been developed on the basis of preliminary full-scale experimental tests. The obtained results allowed the development of both simplified and advanced numerical models of both the upgraded structure and the applied shear panels. Also, the proposed design methodology, which is framed in the performance base design philosophy, has been implemented for the structural upgrading of a real Greek existing multi-storey RC building. The results of the numerical analysis confirmed the effectiveness of the proposed technique, also emphasising the efficiency of the implemented design methodology.

De Matteis, G. [Dept. of Design, Rehabilitation and Control of Architectural Structures, University of Chieti-Pescara 'G. D'Annunzio', V.le Pindaro, 42-65127 Pescara (Italy); Formisano, A.; Mazzolani, F. M. [Dept. of Structural Engineering University of Naples 'Federico II', P.le Tecchio, 80-80125 Naples (Italy)

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

191

Analysis of a ceramic filled bio-plastic composite sandwich structure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Design and analysis of a ceramic-filled bio-plastic composite sandwich structure is presented. This proposed high-dielectric structure is used as a substrate for patch antennas. A meandered-strip line-fed fractal-shape patch antenna is designed and fabricated on a copper-laminated sandwich-structured substrate. Measurement results of this antenna show 44% and 20% of bandwidths with maximum gains of 3.45 dBi and 5.87 dBi for the lower and upper bands, respectively. The half-power beam widths of 104° and 78° have been observed from the measured radiation pattern at the two resonance frequencies 0.9 GHz and 2.5?GHz.

Habib Ullah, M. [Institute of Space Science (ANGKASA), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi Selangor 43600 (Malaysia) [Institute of Space Science (ANGKASA), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi Selangor 43600 (Malaysia); Department of Electrical, Electronic and System Engineering, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi 43600 (Malaysia); Islam, M. T. [Institute of Space Science (ANGKASA), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi Selangor 43600 (Malaysia)] [Institute of Space Science (ANGKASA), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi Selangor 43600 (Malaysia)

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

192

Experimental analysis of seismic resistance of timber-framed structures with stones and earth infill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The seismic performance of timber-framed structures filled with natural stones and earth mortar is analyzed by introducing three scales of experiments during which both cyclic and monotonic loadings are considered. At the connection scale, tests are performed in both normal and tangential directions to obtain the hysteretic behavior of nailed connections. At the elementary cell and shear wall scales, pushover and reversed-cycle tests are performed to obtain the hysteretic behavior as a function of infill characteristics. Walls without any openings (doors or windows) were considered. Through these tests, the influence of the infill on stiffness, maximum load or equivalent viscous damping is analyzed. The present work is then compared with three other experimental studies on the same type of traditional structures in order to provide answers regarding their seismic-resistant behavior. Based on this experimental multi-scale analysis, this article confirms that the timbered masonry structures have a relevant seismic resistant behavior and provides a full analysis useful for the development of a numerical tool aiming at predicting the seismic resistant behavior of this kind of structure.

F. Vieux-Champagne; Y. Sieffert; S. Grange; A. Polastri; A. Ceccotti; L. Daudeville

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Structural analysis of arabinoxylans isolated from ball-milled switchgrass biomass  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

analysis analysis of arabinoxylans isolated from ball-milled switchgrass biomass Koushik Mazumder, William S. York * Complex Carbohydrate Research Center, University of Georgia, 315 Riverbend Road, Athens, GA 30602, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 16 June 2010 Received in revised form 20 July 2010 Accepted 22 July 2010 Available online 30 July 2010 Keywords: Switchgrass Enzymatic digestion Arabinoxylan oligosaccharides Per-O-methylation Multiple-step mass spectrometry Structural analysis a b s t r a c t Ball-milled alcohol-insoluble residue (AIR) was prepared from switchgrass (Panicum virgatum var Alamo) and sequentially extracted with 50 mM ammonium oxalate buffer, 50 mM sodium carbonate, 1 M KOH containing 1% NaBH 4 , and 4 M KOH containing 1% NaBH 4 . Arabinoxylan was the most abundant component of the 1 M KOH-extracted fraction, which was treated with endoxylanase

194

Synchrotron x-ray fluorescence and extended x-ray absorption fine structure analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The advent of dedicated synchrotron radiation sources has led to a significant increase in activity in many areas of science dealing with the interaction of x-rays with matter. Synchrotron radiation provides intense, linearly polarized, naturally collimated, continuously tunable photon beams, which are used to determine not only the elemental composition of a complex, polyatomic, dilute material but also the chemical form of the elements with improved accuracy. Examples of the application of synchrotron radiation include experiments in synchrotron x-ray fluorescence (SXRF) analysis and extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) analysis. New synchrotron radiation x-ray microprobes for elemental analysis in the parts per billion range are under construction at several laboratories. 76 references, 24 figures.

Chen, J.R.; Gordon, B.M.; Hanson, A.L.; Jones, K.W.; Kraner, H.W.; Chao, E.C.T.; Minkin, J.A.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Molecular structure, NBO analysis, electronic absorption and vibrational spectral analysis of 2-Hydroxy-4-Methoxybenzophenone: Reassignment of fundamental modes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Vibrational frequencies of 2-Hydroxy-4-Methoxybenzophenone (HMB) have been reassigned with the aid of normal coordinate analysis (NCA) following the scaled quantum mechanical force field (SQMFF) methodology. The conformational analyses were performed and the energies of the different possible conformers were determined. The geometry of different conformers of the compounds were optimized with B3LYP method using 6-311++G(d,p) basis set to characterize all stationary points as minima. The optimized structural parameters of the most stable conformer were used in the vibrational frequency calculations. The force constants obtained from the B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) method have been utilized in the normal coordinate analysis. The temperature dependence of the thermodynamic properties, heat capacity at constant pressure (Cp), entropy (S) and enthalpy change (?H) for the compound was also determined by B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) method. The total electron density and Molecular electrostatic potential surfaces of the molecules were constructed by Natural Bond Orbital analysis using B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) method to display electrostatic potential (electron + nuclei) distribution, molecular shape, size, and dipole moments of the molecule. The electronic properties, HOMO and LUMO energies were measured.

Lynnette Joseph; D. Sajan; K. Chaitanya; T. Suthan; N.P. Rajesh; Jayakumary Isac

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Probability Kinematics in Information Retrieval: a case study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and present research has made much use of formal probability theory and statistics in order to solveProbability Kinematics in Information Retrieval: a case study F. Crestani Dipartimento di technique of evaluating the probability of a conditional called Imaging, one is a gen­ eralisation

Jose, Joemon M.

197

Kinematical Hilbert Space for Einstein-Cartan Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kinematical Hilbert space for Einstein-Cartan theory is constructed via von Neumann ideas of infinity-dimensional tensor product of Hilbert spaces. Field of comframe is considered as basic variable what is in contrast with standard euclidean LQG which is build by Wilson loops of Ashtekar-Barbero-Immirzi connection.

Marián Pilc

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Kinematical Hilbert Space for Einstein-Cartan Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kinematical Hilbert space for Einstein-Cartan theory is constructed via von Neumann ideas of infinity-dimensional tensor product of Hilbert spaces. Field of comframe is taken as basic variables what is in contrast with standard LQG where Wilson loops of Ashtekar-Barbero-Immirzi are taken.

Pilc, Marián

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

ATLAS: A NOVEL KINEMATIC ARCHITECTURE FOR SIX DOF MOTION PLATFORMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ATLAS: A NOVEL KINEMATIC ARCHITECTURE FOR SIX DOF MOTION PLATFORMS M.J.D. HAYES Mechanical simulation required in many applications. This paper presents an overview of the Atlas platform: a novel six orienting device, called the Atlas sphere, on a gantry with three linear axes. The key to the design

Hayes, John

200

Atlas: A Novel Kinematic Architecture for Six DOF Motion Platforms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Atlas: A Novel Kinematic Architecture for Six DOF Motion Platforms M.J.D. HAYES, R.G. LANGLOIS. This paper presents an overview of the Atlas platform: a novel six DOF motion platform architecture of the mechanism. The decoupling is accomplished by fixing a three DOF spherical orienting device, called the Atlas

Hayes, John

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kinematic structural analysis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

The Siwaliks of western Nepal I. Geometry and kinematics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Siwaliks of western Nepal I. Geometry and kinematics J.L. Mugniera, *, P. Leturmya , G. Masclea-western Nepal, and beneath 14.6 Ma sediments in mid-western Nepal, i.e., above the base of the Siwalik Group. Unconformities have been observed in the upper Siwalik member of western Nepal both on satellite images

Husson, Laurent

202

The Spectrum of the Kinematic Dynamo Operator for an Ideally Conducting Fluid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Spectrum of the Kinematic Dynamo Operator for an Ideally Conducting Fluid dynamo operator and of the corresponding group it generates for an ideally conducting fluid, 2001 Abstract The spectrum of the kinematic dynamo operator

Montgomery-Smith, Stephen

203

A multicommodity kinematic wave simulation model of network traf-November 12, 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A multicommodity kinematic wave simulation model of network traf- fic flow November 12, 2003 W traffic is not ordered down to the ve- hicle level as in existing kinematic wave simulation models

Mease, Kenneth D.

204

Memory Efficient Sequence Analysis Using Compressed Data Structures (Metagenomics Informatics Challenges Workshop: 10K Genomes at a Time)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute's Jared Simpson on "Memory efficient sequence analysis using compressed data structures" at the Metagenomics Informatics Challenges Workshop held at the DOE JGI on October 12-13, 2011

Simpson, Jared [Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute

2013-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

205

Kinematics and kinetics of single-limb heel rise in diabetes related medial column foot deformity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractBackground Diabetes-related medial column foot deformities contribute to high plantar pressure, joint instability, ulceration and amputation. Impaired foot function may be an early indicator of foot structural incompetence and contribute to deformity progression. This study examines the ability of single-limb heel rise multi-segmental kinematics and kinetics to identify midfoot and hindfoot dysfunction in those with diabetes-related medial column foot deformity. Methods Single-limb heel rise foot kinematics and kinetics were examined in adults with diabetes mellitus and peripheral neuropathy with and without medial column foot deformity and age-, weight-matched controls. Findings Hindfoot relative to shank plantarflexion, peak and excursion, were reduced in both diabetes groups compared to controls (P power was reduced in the diabetes deformity group compared to controls (P < 0.017). Interpretation The single-limb heel rise task identified movement dysfunction in those with diabetes mellitus and peripheral neuropathy. Failure to plantarflex the forefoot relative to hindfoot may compromise midfoot joint stability and increase the risk of injury and arch collapse.

Mary K. Hastings; James Woodburn; Michael J. Mueller; Michael J Strube; Jeffrey E. Johnson; David R. Sinacore

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Analysis of cloud layer structure in Shouxian, China using RS92 radiosonde aided by 95 GHz cloud radar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis of cloud layer structure in Shouxian, China using RS92 radiosonde aided by 95 GHz cloud to analyze cloud vertical structure over this area by taking advantage of the first direct measurements of cloud vertical layers from the 95 GHz radar. Singlelayer, twolayer, and threelayer clouds account for 28

Li, Zhanqing

207

Cosmogony of Generic Structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The problem of formation of generic structures in the Universe is addressed, whereby first the kinematics of inertial continua for coherent initial data is considered. The generalization to self--gravitating continua is outlined focused on the classification problem of singularities and metamorphoses arising in the density field. Self--gravity gives rise to an internal hierarchy of structures, and, dropping the assumption of coherence, also to an external hierarchy of structures dependent on the initial power spectrum of fluctuations.

T. Buchert

1994-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

208

A Visual Analytics Approach to Structured Data Analysis to Enhance Nonproliferation and Arms Control Verification Activities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Analysis activities for Nonproliferation and Arms Control verification require the use of many types of data. Tabular structured data, such as Excel spreadsheets and relational databases, have traditionally been used for data mining activities, where specific queries are issued against data to look for matching results. The application of visual analytics tools to structured data enables further exploration of datasets to promote discovery of previously unknown results. This paper discusses the application of a specific visual analytics tool to datasets related to the field of Arms Control and Nonproliferation to promote the use of visual analytics more broadly in this domain. Visual analytics focuses on analytical reasoning facilitated by interactive visual interfaces (Wong and Thomas 2004). It promotes exploratory analysis of data, and complements data mining technologies where known patterns can be mined for. Also with a human in the loop, they can bring in domain knowledge and subject matter expertise. Visual analytics has not widely been applied to this domain. In this paper, we will focus on one type of data: structured data, and show the results of applying a specific visual analytics tool to answer questions in the Arms Control and Nonproliferation domain. We chose to use the T.Rex tool, a visual analytics tool developed at PNNL, which uses a variety of visual exploration patterns to discover relationships in structured datasets, including a facet view, graph view, matrix view, and timeline view. The facet view enables discovery of relationships between categorical information, such as countries and locations. The graph tool visualizes node-link relationship patterns, such as the flow of materials being shipped between parties. The matrix visualization shows highly correlated categories of information. The timeline view shows temporal patterns in data. In this paper, we will use T.Rex with two different datasets to demonstrate how interactive exploration of the data can aid an analyst with arms control and nonproliferation verification activities. Using a dataset from PIERS (PIERS 2014), we will show how container shipment imports and exports can aid an analyst in understanding the shipping patterns between two countries. We will also use T.Rex to examine a collection of research publications from the IAEA International Nuclear Information System (IAEA 2014) to discover collaborations of concern. We hope this paper will encourage the use of visual analytics structured data analytics in the field of nonproliferation and arms control verification. Our paper outlines some of the challenges that exist before broad adoption of these kinds of tools can occur and offers next steps to overcome these challenges.

Gillen, David S.

2014-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

209

Structural Analysis of a Ternary Complex of Allantoate Amidohydrolase from Escherichia Coli Reveals its Mechanics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purine metabolism plays a major role in regulating the availability of purine nucleotides destined for nucleic acid synthesis. Allantoate amidohydrolase catalyzes the conversion of allantoate to (S)-ureidoglycolate, one of the crucial alternate steps in purine metabolism. The crystal structure of a ternary complex of allantoate amidohydrolase with its substrate allantoate and an allosteric effector, a sulfate ion, from Escherichia coli was determined to understand better the catalytic mechanism and substrate specificity. The 2.25 {angstrom} resolution X-ray structure reveals an {alpha}/{beta} scaffold akin to zinc exopeptidases of the peptidase M20 family and lacks the ({beta}/{alpha}){sub 8}-barrel fold characteristic of the amidohydrolases. Arrangement of the substrate and the two co-catalytic zinc ions at the active site governs catalytic specificity for hydrolysis of N-carbamyl versus the peptide bond in exopeptidases. In its crystalline form, allantoate amidohydrolase adopts a relatively open conformation. However, structural analysis reveals the possibility of a significant movement of domains via rotation about two hinge regions upon allosteric effector and substrate binding resulting in a closed catalytically competent conformation by bringing the substrate allantoate closer to co-catalytic zinc ions. Two cis-prolyl peptide bonds found on either side of the dimerization domain in close proximity to the substrate and ligand-binding sites may be involved in protein folding and in preserving the integrity of the catalytic site.

Agarwal,R.; Burley, S.; Swaminathan, S.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Kinematics and kinetics of normal and planovalgus feet during walking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Planovalgus deformity is prevalent in cerebral palsy patients, but very few studies have quantitatively reported differences between planovalgus and normal foot function. Intersegmental foot kinetics have not been reported in this population. In this study, a three segment (hindfoot, forefoot, hallux) kinematic and kinetic model was applied to typically developing (n = 10 subjects, 20 feet) and planovalgus (n = 10 subjects, 18 feet) pediatric subjects by two clinicians for each subject. Intra-clinician and inter-clinician repeatability of kinematic variables have been previously reported. Variability of kinetic outcomes (joint moments and power) is reported and found to be equally repeatable in typically developing and planovalgus groups. Kinematic differences in the planovalgus foot including excessive ankle eversion (valgus) and plantarflexion, reduced ankle flexion range of motion, and increased midfoot joint dorsiflexion and pronation reflected the reported pathology. Contrary to clinical expectations no significant difference was observed in midfoot flexion or ankle eversion ranges of motion. Kinetic differences in planovalgus feet compared to typically developing feet included reduced ankle plantarflexion moment, ankle power and midfoot joint power.

Prabhav Saraswat; Bruce A. MacWilliams; Roy B. Davis; Jacques L. D’Astous

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Development of a High Solid-Angle Silicon Detector Array for Measurement of Transfer Reactions in Inverse Kinematics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of high quality radioactive beams, such as those at the HRIBF at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, has made possible the measurement of transfer reactions in inverse kinematics on unstable nuclei. Measurement of (d,p) reactions on neutron-rich nuclei yield data on the evolution of nuclear structure away from stability, and are of astrophysical interest due to the proximity of suggested nuclear burning paths in the astrophysical r-process in supernovae. Experimentally, (d,p) reactions on heavy (Z = 50) fission fragments are complicated by the strongly inverse kinematics, and the relatively low beam intensities. Consequently, ejectile detection with high resolution in position and energy, a high dynamic range and a high solid angular coverage is required. The Oak Ridge Rutgers University Barrel Array (ORRUBA) is a new silicon detector array currently under construction, optimized for the measurement of (d,p) reactions in inverse kinematics. It consists of two rings of silicon detectors, providing a high solid angular coverage for angles symmetrically forward and backward of 90 degrees. Resistive strip detectors are used to obtain high precision position and energy measurement of reaction ejectiles.

Pain, S. D. [Rutgers University; Cizewski, J. A. [Rutgers University; Hatarik, Robert [Rutgers University; Jones, K. L. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Thomas, J. S. [Rutgers University; Bardayan, Daniel W [ORNL; Blackmon, Jeff C [ORNL; Nesaraja, Caroline D [ORNL; Smith, Michael Scott [ORNL; Kozub, R. L. [Tennessee Technological University; Johnson, Micah [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

A comparison of reconstruction methods for the estimation of CME kinematics based on SECCHI/HI observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A study of the kinematics and arrival times of CMEs at Earth, derived from time-elongation maps (J-maps) constructed from STEREO/Heliospheric Imager (HI) observations, provides an opportunity to understand the heliospheric evolution of CMEs in general. We implement various reconstruction techniques, based on the use of time-elongation profiles of propagating CMEs viewed from single or multiple vantage points, to estimate the dynamics of three geo-effective CMEs. We use the kinematic properties, derived from analysis of the elongation profiles, as inputs to the Drag Based Model for the distance beyond which the CMEs cannot be tracked unambiguously in the J-maps. The ambient solar wind into which these CMEs, which travel with different speeds, are launched, is different. Therefore, these CMEs will evolve differently throughout their journey from the Sun to 1 AU. We associate the CMEs, identified and tracked in the J-maps, with signatures observed in situ near 1 AU by the WIND spacecraft. By deriving the kinemat...

Mishra, Wageesh; Davies, Jackie A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

DYNAPCON: a computer code for dynamic analysis of prestressed concrete structures. [LMFBR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A finite element computer code for the transient analysis of prestressed concrete reactor vessels (PCRVs) for LMFBR containment is described. The method assumes rotational symmetry of the structure. Time integration is by an explicit method. The quasistatic prestressing operation of the PCRV model is performed by a dynamic relaxation technique. The material model accounts for the crushing and tensile cracking in arbitrary direction in concrete and the elastic-plastic behavior of reinforcing steel. The variation of the concrete tensile cracking and compressive crushing limits with strain rate is taken into account. Relative slip is permitted between the concrete and tendons. Several example solutions are presented and compared with experimental results. These sample problems range from simply supported beams to small scale models of PCRV's. It is shown that the analytical methods correlate quite well with experimental results, although in the vicinity of the failure load the response of the models tend to be quite sensitive to input parameters.

Marchertas, A.H.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Optical anisotropy of fibrous biological tissues: analysis of the influence of structural properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of theoretical analysis of the optical anisotropy of multiply scattering fibrillar biological tissues based on the model of an effective anisotropic medium are compared with the experimental in vivo birefringence data for the rat derma obtained earlier in spectral polarisation measurements of rat skin samples in the visible region. The disordered system of parallel dielectric cylinders embedded into an isotropic dielectric medium was considered as a model medium. Simulations were performed taking into account the influence of a partial mutual disordering of the bundles of collagen and elastin fibres in derma on birefringence in samples. The theoretical optical anisotropy averaged over the spectral interval 550-650 nm for the model medium with parameters corresponding to the structural parameters of derma is in good agreement with the results of spectral polarisation measurements of skin samples in the corresponding wavelength range. (laser methods in biology)

Zimnyakov, D A; Sinichkin, Yu P [N.G. Chernyshevskii Saratov State University, Saratov (Russian Federation); Ushakova, O V [Saratov State Technical University, Saratov (Russian Federation)

2007-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

215

A DETAILED KINEMATIC MAP OF CASSIOPEIA A'S OPTICAL MAIN SHELL AND OUTER HIGH-VELOCITY EJECTA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present three-dimensional (3D) kinematic reconstructions of optically emitting material in the young Galactic supernova remnant Cassiopeia A (Cas A). These Doppler maps have the highest spectral and spatial resolutions of any previous survey of Cas A and represent the most complete catalog of its optically emitting material to date. We confirm that the bulk of Cas A's optically bright ejecta populate a torus-like geometry tilted approximately 30 Degree-Sign with respect to the plane of the sky with a -4000 to +6000 km s{sup -1} radial velocity asymmetry. Near-tangent viewing angle effects and an inhomogeneous surrounding circumstellar material/interstellar medium environment suggest that this geometry and velocity asymmetry may not be faithfully representative of the remnant's true 3D structure or the kinematic properties of the original explosion. The majority of the optical ejecta are arranged in several well-defined and nearly circular ring-like structures with diameters between approximately 30'' (0.5 pc) and 2' (2 pc). These ejecta rings appear to be a common phenomenon of young core-collapse remnants and may be associated with post-explosion input of energy from plumes of radioactive {sup 56}Ni-rich ejecta that rise, expand, and compress non-radioactive material. Our optical survey encompasses Cas A's faint outlying ejecta knots and exceptionally high-velocity NE and SW streams of S-rich debris often referred to as ''jets''. These outer knots, which exhibit a chemical make-up suggestive of an origin deep within the progenitor star, appear to be arranged in opposing and wide-angle outflows with opening half-angles of Almost-Equal-To 40 Degree-Sign.

Milisavljevic, Dan [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA, 02138 (United States); Fesen, Robert A., E-mail: dmilisav@cfa.harvard.edu [6127 Wilder Lab, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755 (United States)

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

DIFFERENTIAL EMISSION MEASURE ANALYSIS OF MULTIPLE STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS OF CORONAL MASS EJECTIONS IN THE INNER CORONA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we study the temperature and density properties of multiple structural components of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) using differential emission measure (DEM) analysis. The DEM analysis is based on the six-passband EUV observations of solar corona from the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly on board the Solar Dynamic Observatory. The structural components studied include the hot channel in the core region (presumably the magnetic flux rope of the CME), the bright loop-like leading front (LF), and coronal dimming in the wake of the CME. We find that the presumed flux rope has the highest average temperature (>8 MK) and density ({approx}1.0 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 9} cm{sup -3}), resulting in an enhanced emission measure over a broad temperature range (3 {<=} T(MK) {<=} 20). On the other hand, the CME LF has a relatively cool temperature ({approx}2 MK) and a narrow temperature distribution similar to the pre-eruption coronal temperature (1 {<=} T(MK) {<=} 3). The density in the LF, however, is increased by 2%-32% compared with that of the pre-eruption corona, depending on the event and location. In coronal dimmings, the temperature is more broadly distributed (1 {<=} T(MK) {<=} 4), but the density decreases by {approx}35%-{approx}40%. These observational results show that: (1) CME core regions are significantly heated, presumably through magnetic reconnection; (2) CME LFs are a consequence of compression of ambient plasma caused by the expansion of the CME core region; and (3) the dimmings are largely caused by the plasma rarefaction associated with the eruption.

Cheng, X.; Ding, M. D. [School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Zhang, J. [School of Physics, Astronomy and Computational Sciences, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030 (United States); Saar, S. H., E-mail: xincheng@nju.edu.cn, E-mail: jzhang7@gmu.edu [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

217

Analysis of ABCB phosphoglycoproteins (PGPs) and their contribution to monocot biomass, structural stability, and productivity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Efforts to manipulate production of plant secondary cell walls to improve the quality of biofuel feedstocks are currently limited by an inability to regulate the transport of small molecule components out of the cell. Plant ABCB p-glycoproteins are a small family of plasma membrane organic molecule transporters that have become primary targets for this effort, as they can potentially be harnessed to control the export of aromatic compounds and organic acids. However, unlike promiscuous mammalian ABCBs that function in multidrug resistance, all plant ABCB proteins characterized to date exhibit relatively narrow substrate specificity. Although ABCBs exhibit a highly conserved architecture, efforts to modify ABCB activity have been hampered by a lack of structural information largely because an eukaryotic ABCB protein crystal structure has yet to be obtained. Structure/ function analyses have been further impeded by the lack of a common heterologous expression system that can be used to characterize recombinant ABCB proteins, as many cannot be functionally expressed in S. cereviseae or other systems where proteins with analogous function can be readily knocked out. Using experimentally-determined plant ABCB substrate affinities and the crystal structure of the bacterial Sav1866 “half” ABC transporter, we have developed sequence/structure models for ABCBs that provide a testable context for mutational analysis of plant ABCB transporters. We have also developed a flexible heterologous expression system in Schizosaccharomyces pombe in which all endogenous ABC transporters have been knocked out. The effectiveness of this system for transport studies has been demonstrated by the successful functional expression all of the known PIN, AUX/LAX and ABCB auxin transporters. Our central hypothesis is that the domains of the ABCB proteins that we have identified as substrate docking sites and regulators of transport directionality can be altered or swapped to alter the transport characteristics of the proteins. We propose to combine computer modelling, mutational analyses, and complementation of well characterized Arabidopsis abcb4,14,and 19 mutants to elucidate ABCB function. The long term objective of this project is to enhance ABCB transport of cell wall components, to manipulate the direction of ABCB substrate transport, and, ultimately, to produce “designer” ABC transporters that can be used to modify plant feedstock quality.

Murphy, Angus Stuart [Purdue University] (ORCID:0000000156497413)

2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

218

Constraints on gravity and dark energy from the pairwise kinematic Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculate the constraints on dark energy and cosmic modifications to gravity achievable with upcoming cosmic microwave background (CMB) surveys sensitive to the Sunyaev-Zeldovich (SZ) effects. The analysis focuses on using the mean pairwise velocity of clusters as observed through the kinematic SZ effect (kSZ), an approach based on the same methods used for the first detection of the kSZ effect, and includes a detailed derivation and discussion of this statistic's covariance under a variety of different survey assumptions. The potential of current, Stage II, and upcoming, Stage III and Stage IV, CMB observations are considered, in combination with contemporaneous spectroscopic and photometric galaxy observations. A detailed assessment is made of the sensitivity to the assumed statistical and systematic uncertainties in the optical depth determination, the magnitude and uncertainty in the minimum detectable mass, and the importance of pairwise velocity correlations at small separations, where non-linear eff...

Mueller, Eva-Maria; Bean, Rachel; Niemack, Michael

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Reference flaw size for structural and fracture analysis of Types 1 and 2 waste tanks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High Level Waste Engineering (HLWE) is reviewing the Technical Standard requirements for tank level and minimum wall temperature. These requirements are necessary to minimize the probability of brittle fracture of the primary liner due to normal operating and/or seismic loads. The review includes the determination of a reference flaw size, a maximum through-wall crack length, which may reasonably be applied to structural and fracture analysis of the Type I and II waste tank primary liners. This memorandum briefly discusses the mechanism of crack initiation and propagation, the inspections of primary wall cracks, and a statistical analysis of the measured crack lengths. Recommendations on additional analyses which may increase the confidence in the reference flaw size will also be presented. The primary liner for Type I and II waste tanks is fabricated from ASTM A285, Grade B carbon steel (A285). The liner received no heat treatments to relieve residual stresses in the heat affected zones. Five Type I waste tanks and all four Type II waste tanks developed through-wall cracks. Leaks developed in tanks 9, 10,14 and 16 within less than two years. Small surface cracks were also observed on the interior of the tank primary. The cracks were perpendicular to the butt welds and extended through the heat affected zone before stopping shortly after penetrating the base metal. The largest leakage of radioactive waste, approximately 185,000 gallons from the primary into the annulus, occurred from Tank 16, a Type II waste tank. During inspections of this tank over 300 leaks were discovered with the longest observed crack being approximately 6 inches. Due to the large number of observed cracks and the amount of leakage, this wag the only tank that was surveyed for crack lengths. For this analysis, Tank 16 will be considered representative of all Type I and II waste tanks because the materials, construction practices, and tank chemistry represented a worst case.

Wiersma, B.J.; Sindelar, R.L.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

A kinematic model for surface irrigation: Verification by experimental data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

values are 75.52, 31.62, 36.36, and 43.9, respec- tively (Table 5). Model K nemat c Calculated Curves Advance (KWT) Observed Data ---- Recession Data Set R-IO o Data Set R-II 120 ? Data Set R-12 r- R_ 12.... \\"' IOO :- Model K nemahc / IOO... comparison of irrigation advance yielded by the kinematic wave (KW) model was made with that yielded by Model' K nemat c Observed Data 0 Data Set R-8, TI me = 44 I rn n ? Data Set R-II, T me=39 4rain Calculated Profile (KWT) .03 [ ,, ' ' _ Roth...

Singh, Vijay P.; Ram, Rama S.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kinematic structural analysis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Gaussian Memory in Kinematic Matrix Theory for Self-Propellers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We extend the kinematic matrix ("kinematrix") formalism [Phys. Rev. E 89, 062304 (2014)], which via simple matrix algebra accesses ensemble properties of self-propellers influenced by uncorrelated noise, to treat Gaussian correlated noises. This extension brings into reach many real-world biological and biomimetic self-propellers for which inertia is significant. Applying the formalism, we analyze in detail ensemble behaviors of a 2D self-propeller with velocity fluctuations and orientation evolution driven by an Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process. On the basis of exact results, a variety of dynamical regimes determined by the inertial, speed-fluctuation, orientational diffusion, and emergent disorientation time scales are delineated and discussed.

Nourhani, Amir; Lammert, Paul E

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Integration of Noise and Coda Correlation Data into Kinematic and Waveform Inversions  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Integration of Noise and Coda Correlation Data into Kinematic and Waveform Inversions presentation at the April 2013 peer review meeting held in Denver, Colorado.

223

E-Print Network 3.0 - active kinematic constraint Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The 1st Joint International Conference on Multibody System Dynamics May 2527, 2010, Lappeenranta, Finland Summary: the kinematic constraints) and depend thus on all the (passive...

224

Putting the Turtle on the Racetrack: Investigating a Constructionist Racing Game for Exploring Kinematics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Putting the Turtle on the Racetrack: Investigating a Constructionist Racing Game for Exploring the Turtle on the Racetrack: Investigating a Constructionist Racing Game for Exploring Kinematics While

Wilensky, Uri

225

Annual International Symposium on Smart Structures and Materials, 2003 1 Analysis of hybrid PMN/Terfenol broadband transducers in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPIE 10th Annual International Symposium on Smart Structures and Materials, 2003 1 Analysis, electroacoustic theory, and linearized constitutive relationships for each class of smart material for low transducers employ a single smart material element, usually a piezoelectric stack, but recent U.S. Navy

226

Kinematic Reduction and Planning using Symmetry for a Variable Inertia Mechanical System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reduction [11][7] using the system's symmetry for a simple mechanical system called the Yaw model (see FigKinematic Reduction and Planning using Symmetry for a Variable Inertia Mechanical System Ravi present controllability results and kinematic reduction for a variable inertia mechanical system. We show

227

Dig-ta Video, Learn-ng Styes, and Student Understanding of Kinematics Graphs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dig-ta Video, Learn-ng Styes, and Student Understanding of Kinematics Graphs Teresa Larkin Video, Learning Styles, and Student Understanding of Kinematics Graphs Introduction Student learning interactive digital video as well preferences and student understanding and their ability to interpret motion

Zollman, Dean

228

The Spectrum of the Kinematic Dynamo Operator for an Ideally Conducting Fluid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Spectrum of the Kinematic Dynamo Operator for an Ideally Conducting Fluid C. Chicone #3; , Y, magnetohydrodynam- ics, ideally conducting uid, spectral mapping theorems, weighted composition operators, USA June 16, 2001 Abstract The spectrum of the kinematic dynamo operator for an ideally con- ducting

Montgomery-Smith, Stephen

229

The Spectrum of the Kinematic Dynamo Operator for an Ideally Conducting Fluid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Spectrum of the Kinematic Dynamo Operator for an Ideally Conducting Fluid C. Chicone , Y, magnetohydrodynam- ics, ideally conducting fluid, spectral mapping theorems, weighted composition operators, USA June 16, 2001 Abstract The spectrum of the kinematic dynamo operator for an ideally con- ducting

Montgomery-Smith, Stephen

230

The Spectrum of the Kinematic Dynamo Operator for an Ideally Conducting Fluid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Spectrum of the Kinematic Dynamo Operator for an Ideally Conducting Fluid C. Chicone \\Lambda operator and of the corresponding group it generates for an ideally conducting fluid in the space Columbia, MO 65211, USA April 25, 1997 Abstract The spectrum of the kinematic dynamo operator

231

International Conference on Machine Control & Guidance 2008 1 The Kinematic Potential of Modern Tracking Total Stations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1st International Conference on Machine Control & Guidance 2008 1 The Kinematic Potential of Modern millimetres to be measured. Keywords Tracking Total Stations, GNSS, Telescope, new Platform, ATR, EDM, Leica the 3D movement traces of construction machines, ships or individual uses occurred. The kinematic manner

232

Analysis of protein hydration in ultrahigh-resolution structures of the SRP GTPase Ffh  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Comparison of three 1.1 Å resolution structures of Ffh reveals conserved patterns of surface-water interactions that accommodate both protein structural plasticity and the disruption of the hydrogen-bonding network by bound solutes.

Ramirez, U.D.

2006-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

233

Structure-sequence based analysis for identification of conserved regions in proteins  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed are computational methods, and associated hardware and software products for scoring conservation in a protein structure based on a computationally identified family or cluster of protein structures. A method of computationally identifying a family or cluster of protein structures in also disclosed herein.

Zemla, Adam T; Zhou, Carol E; Lam, Marisa W; Smith, Jason R; Pardes, Elizabeth

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

234

A Kinematic Conservation Law in Free Surface Flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Green-Naghdi system is used to model highly nonlinear weakly dispersive waves propagating at the surface of a shallow layer of a perfect fluid. The system has three associated conservation laws which describe the conservation of mass, momentum, and energy due to the surface wave motion. In addition, the system features a fourth conservation law which is the main focus of this note. It is shown how this fourth conservation law can be interpreted in terms of a concrete kinematic quantity connected to the evolution of the tangent velocity at the free surface. The equation for the tangent velocity is first derived for the full Euler equations in both two and three dimensional flows, and in both cases, it gives rise to an approximate balance law in the Green-Naghdi theory which turns out to be identical to the fourth conservation law for this system.

Sergey Gavrilyuk; Henrik Kalisch; Zahra Khorsand

2014-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

235

Real time markerless motion tracking using linked kinematic chains  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A markerless method is described for tracking the motion of subjects in a three dimensional environment using a model based on linked kinematic chains. The invention is suitable for tracking robotic, animal or human subjects in real-time using a single computer with inexpensive video equipment, and does not require the use of markers or specialized clothing. A simple model of rigid linked segments is constructed of the subject and tracked using three dimensional volumetric data collected by a multiple camera video imaging system. A physics based method is then used to compute forces to align the model with subsequent volumetric data sets in real-time. The method is able to handle occlusion of segments and accommodates joint limits, velocity constraints, and collision constraints and provides for error recovery. The method further provides for elimination of singularities in Jacobian based calculations, which has been problematic in alternative methods.

Luck, Jason P. (Arvada, CO); Small, Daniel E. (Albuquerque, NM)

2007-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

236

Gain analysis of higher-order-mode amplification in a dielectric-implanted multi-beam traveling wave structure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A multi-beam traveling wave amplifier designed with an overmoded staggered double grating array was examined by small signal analysis combined with simulation. Eigenmode and S-parameter analyses show that the 2 cm long slow wave structure (SWS) has 1–5 dB insertion loss over the passband (TM{sub 31} mode) with ?28% cold bandwidth. Analytic gain calculation indicates that in the SWS, TM{sub 31}-mode is amplified with 15–20 dB/beam at 64–84 GHz with three elliptical beams of 10 kV and 150 mA/beam, which was compared with particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations. PIC analysis on the analysis of instability with zero-input driving excitations demonstrated that background noises and non-operating lower order modes are noticeably suppressed by implanting equidistant dielectric absorbers; the overmoded structure only allowed the desired 3rd order mode to propagate in the structure. The designed circuit structure can be widely applied to multi-beam devices for high power RF generation.

Gee, Anthony [Department of Physics, Northern Illinois University, Dekalb, Illinois 60115 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Northern Illinois University, Dekalb, Illinois 60115 (United States); Shin, Young-Min [Department of Physics, Northern Illinois University, Dekalb, Illinois 60115 (United States) [Department of Physics, Northern Illinois University, Dekalb, Illinois 60115 (United States); Accelerator Physics Center (APC), Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), Batavia, Illinois 60510 (United States)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

237

A structural analysis of vehicle design responses to Corporate Average Fuel Economy policy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The US Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) regulations are intended to influence automaker vehicle design and pricing choices. CAFE policy has been in effect for the past three decades, and new legislation has raised standards significantly. We present a structural analysis of automaker responses to generic CAFE policies. We depart from prior CAFE analyses by focusing on vehicle design responses in long-run oligopolistic equilibrium, and we view vehicles as differentiated products, taking demand as a general function of price and product attributes. We find that under general cost, demand, and performance functions, single-product profit maximizing firm responses to CAFE standards follow a distinct pattern: firms ignore CAFE when the standard is low, treat CAFE as a vehicle design constraint for moderate standards, and violate CAFE when the standard is high. Further, the point and extent of first violation depends upon the penalty for violation, and the corresponding vehicle design is independent of further standard increases. Thus, increasing CAFE standards will eventually have no further impact on vehicle design if the penalty for violation is also not increased. We implement a case study by incorporating vehicle physics simulation, vehicle manufacturing and technology cost models, and a mixed logit demand model to examine equilibrium powertrain design and price decisions for a fixed vehicle body. Results indicate that equilibrium vehicle design is not bound by current CAFE standards, and vehicle design decisions are directly determined by market competition and consumer preferences. We find that with increased fuel economy standards, a higher violation penalty than the current stagnant penalty is needed to cause firms to increase their design fuel economy at equilibrium. However, the maximum attainable improvement can be modest even if the penalty is doubled. We also find that firms’ design responses are more sensitive to variation in fuel prices than to CAFE standards, within the examined ranges.

Ching-Shin Norman Shiau; Jeremy J. Michalek; Chris T. Hendrickson

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

GIS-based kinematic slope instability and slope mass rating (SMR) maps: application to a railway route in Sivas (Turkey)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper discusses the use of kinematic stability and slope mass rating (SMR) maps in GIS based on field studies recording the relationships ... it is recommended that the construction of the maps by kinematic s...

I??k Yilmaz; Marian Marschalko…

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

The $^3$He(e, e$'$d)p Reaction in q$?$-constant Kinematics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The cross section for the $^3$He(e, e$'$d)p reaction has been measured as a function of the missing momentum $p_m$ in q$\\omega$ -constant kinematics at beam energies of 370 and 576 MeV for values of the three-momentum transfer $q$ of 412, 504 and 604 \\mevc. The L(+TT), T and LT structure functions have been separated for $q$ = 412 and 504 \\mevc. The data are compared to three-body Faddeev calculations, including meson-exchange currents (MEC), and to calculations based on a covariant diagrammatic expansion. The influence of final-state interactions and meson-exchange currents is discussed. The $p_m$-dependence of the data is reasonably well described by all calculations. However, the most advanced Faddeev calculations, which employ the AV18 nucleon-nucleon interaction and include MEC, overestimate the measured cross sections, especially the longitudinal part, and at the larger values of $q$. The diagrammatic approach gives a fair description of the cross section, but under(over)estimates the longitudinal (transverse) structure function.

C. M. Spaltro; Th. S. Bauer; H. P. Blok; T. Botto; E. Cisbani; R. De Leo; G. E. Dodge; R. Ent; S. Frullani; F. Garibaldi; W. Gloeckle; J. Golak; M. N. Harakeh; M. Iodice; E. Jans; H. Kamada; W. J. Kasdorp; C. Kormanyos; L. Lapikas; A. Misiejuk; S. I. Nagorny; G. J. Nooren; C. J. G. Onderwater; R. Perrino; M. van Sambeek; R. Skibinski; R. Starink; G. van der Steenhoven; J. Tjon; M. A. van Uden; G. M. Urciuoli; H. de Vries; H. Witala; M. Yeomans

2002-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

240

Structural and Functional Proteomic Analysis of a Developing Energy Transducing Membrane  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

While much is known about the light reactions of photosynthesis in purple bacteria, comparatively little information is available on how the requisite integral membrane proteins are assembled, their patterns of cellular localization are established or their apoproteins cooperate with numerous assembly factors in their insertion into the growing intracytoplasmic membrane (ICM). This problem was approached through a detailed structural and functional proteomic analysis of ICM assembly process in the well-characterized purple bacterium Rhodobacter sphaeroides. Proteomic approaches have focused upon identification of membrane proteins temporally expressed during ICM development and spatially localized in both membrane growth initiation sites and in mature ICM vesicles. Protocols were established for ICM induction under reduced aeration and ICM remodeling in cells adapting to low intensity illumination, which permitted isolation, in sucrose density gradients, of ICM growth initiation sites as an upper pigmented band (UPB) and mature ICM vesicles as the main (chromatophore) band. Non-denaturing clear native gel electrophoresis (CNE) of these isolated membrane fractions gave rise to pigmented bands containing the peripheral light-harvesting 2 (LH2) antenna and the reaction center-light-harvesting 1 (RC-LH1) core complex, together with a full array of other ICM proteins, which were subjected to proteomic analysis. Proteomic analysis of the gel bands from chromatophores revealed developmental changes including increasing levels of the LH2 complex as ICM development proceeded, as well as a large array of other associated proteins including high spectral counts for the F1FO� ATP synthase subunits, given the inability to detect this coupling factor, as well as the more abundant cytochrome bc1 complex by atomic force microscopy (AFM). Significant levels of general membrane assembly factors were encountered, as well as high counts for RSP6124, a protein of unknown function, correlated with increasing LH2 levels. RC-LH1-containing CNE gel bands from the UPB were enriched in cytoplasmic membrane (CM) markers, including electron transfer and transport proteins, as well as general membrane assembly factors relative to chromatophore bands. This confirms the origin of the UPB from both peripheral respiratory membrane and sites of CM invagination. Significant levels of preprotein translocases YidC, YajC and SecY, bacterial type 1 signal peptidase and twin arg translocation subunit TatA were found. Such general membrane assembly factors were significantly enriched in the UPB RC-LH1 gel bands, confirming the active role of membrane invagination sites in pigment-protein complex assembly. Functional correlates of proteomics approaches were provided by near-IR fluorescence induction/relaxation transients arising from LH-BChl components. A linear relation was found between increasing functional absorption cross-section and slowing of RC electron transfer turnover rate, thought to arise from the imposition of constraints upon free UQ diffusion between the RC and cytochrome bc1 complex as the membrane became saturated with new LH2 rings. In cells undergoing ICM induction in which generation of the electrochemical proton gradient was uncoupled with CCCP, blockage in membrane insertion of the LH and RC polypetides was demonstrated. This was reflected in a diminution of quantum yield of the primary charge separation, a cessation in expansion of functional absorption cross-section and a >4-fold slowing in RC electron transfer turnover. The ICM insertion of ATP synthase and transhydrogenase was also significantly diminished. Importantly, for the UPB fraction, CCCP treatment resulted in accumulation of ~2-fold greater levels of the preprotein translocase SecY, the SecA translocation ATPase, Sec D and SecF insertion components, and chaperonins DnaJ and DnaK, suggesting that these general membrane assembly factors had accumulated in association with nascent LH and RC assembly intermediates. In addition to spectrally homogeneous bands c

Niederman, Robert A

2012-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kinematic structural analysis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

A hypercube-based data structure for spatio-temporal exploration and analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-temporal exploration and analysis are two complementary processes of Exploratory Data Analysis (EDA as defined by [4]). The exploration process aims at identifying hypotheses which are of interest to the user. These hypotheses consist] described the heuristic process which results from the repetitive chain of exploration and analysis

242

Formation and Structural Analysis of a Surface Alloy: Al(111)-(2 × 2)-Na  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Al(111)-(2 × 2)-Na phase formed by adsorption of one-half monolayer Na at 300 K is shown to be a surface alloy. Quantitative agreement is achieved between the results of structure determinations by low energy electron diffraction, surface extended x-ray adsorption fine structure, and total energy calculations. The first four layers of the structure are shown to consist of a Na-Al-Na sandwich on a reconstructed Al substrate layer. It is suggested that the formation of the structure involves surface steps as sources of Al atoms.

J. Burchhardt; M. M. Nielsen; D. L. Adams; E. Lundgren; J. N. Andersen; C. Stampfl; M. Scheffler; A. Schmalz; S. Aminpirooz; J. Haase

1995-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

243

Statistical shape analysis of neuroanatomical structures based on spherical wavelet transformation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evidence suggests that morphological changes of neuroanatomical structures may reflect abnormalities in neurodevelopment, or relate to a variety of disorders, such as schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease (AD). Advances ...

Yu, Peng, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Acoustic Performance Analysis of Bionic Coupling Multi-layer Structure Yonghua Wang1,2,a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

coefficients and analyze the influences of different parameters of each layer on absorption coefficients. Laboratory of Tribology and System Dynamics, Ecole Centrale de Lyon, Ecully 69134, France 3. Laboratory bionic method to develop a new sound absorption structure. Inspired by the coupling absorption structure

Boyer, Edmond

245

Structural and Functional Analysis of Coxsackievirus A9 Integrin ?v?6 Binding and Uncoating  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...which binds to the bent alpha2beta1 integrin...D Stuart. 1999. The crystal structure of coxsackievirus...integrins by conversion from bent to extended conformations...and MA Arnaout. 2002. Crystal structure of the extracellular...method for identifying spherical particles in electron...

Shabih Shakeel; Jani J. T. Seitsonen; Tommi Kajander; Pasi Laurinmäki; Timo Hyypiä; Petri Susi; Sarah J. Butcher

2013-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

246

E-Print Network 3.0 - accident analysis structural Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization ; Engineering 3 THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TRAIN LENGTH AND ACCIDENT CAUSES AND RATES Summary: a sensitivity analysis was conducted to...

247

Multivariate analysis of spatial patterns: a unified approach to local and global structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.g., principal component analysis, correspondence analysis) can then be used to detect total, local and global to write a total variance decomposition into local and global components, and to propose a unified view and the global one (with the same point of view as in Legendre, 1993), the total variability being decomposed

Thioulouse, Jean

248

A comparative analysis of business structures suitable forfarmer-owned wind power projects in the United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For years, farmers in the United States have looked with envy on their European counterparts' ability to profitably farm the wind through ownership of distributed, utility-scale wind projects. Only within the past few years, however, has farmer- or community-owned wind power development become a reality in the United States. The primary hurdle to this type of development in the United States has been devising and implementing suitable business and legal structures that enable such projects to take advantage of tax-based federal incentives for wind power. This article discusses the limitations of such incentives in supporting farmer- or community-owned wind projects, describes four ownership structures that potentially overcome such limitations, and finally conducts comparative financial analysis on those four structures, using as an example a hypothetical 1.5 MW farmer-owned project located in the state of Oregon. We find that material differences in the competitiveness of each structure do exist, but that choosing the best structure for a given project will largely depend on the conditions at hand; e.g., the ability of the farmer(s) to utilize tax credits, preference for individual versus ''cooperative'' ownership, and the state and utility service territory in which the project will be located.

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2004-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

249

Method for analysis and dynamism of factory structure in automotive manufacturing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A turbulent environment characterized by unsteady economic cycles, customized products, a growing bandwidth of products, an exploding number of variants and shorter product life cycles force manufacturers to permanent adaptation of their factories. Flexible ... Keywords: Capacity structure, Changeability, Manufacturing, Method

Carina Löffler; Engelbert Westkämper; Karl Unger

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

SecStAnT: secondary structure analysis tool for data selection, statistics and models building  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......is calculated 3.2 Structural dataset Two sample datasets were built, one for alpha helical...unstructured fragments. Each dataset was separated in two subsets of X-ray crystallographic and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR......

Giuseppe Maccari; Giulia L.B. Spampinato; Valentina Tozzini

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Structural analysis of sulfur in natural rubber using X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The opportunity to employ X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy techniques to investigate the alteration of the structural properties of sulfur in various vulcanized rubber sheets is presented.

Pattanasiriwisawa, W.

2008-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

252

Optimized design and structural analysis of a non-pressurized manned submersible  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents an approach to the structural design and optimization of a non-pressurized manned submersible (NPMS), a type of fully "flooded" submersible based on a SEAL Delivery Vehicle (SDV) Design Concept. Using ...

Shepard, Kenneth (Kenneth S.)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Analysis of randomly oriented structures by grazing-incidence small-angle neutron scattering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A formalism is presented which allows the quantitative evaluation of grazing-incidence small-angle neutron scattering patterns from randomly oriented one-dimensional paracrystal domains with lamellar structure.

Korolkov, D.

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

254

Size-Exclusion Chromatography in Structural Analysis of Intrinsically Disordered Proteins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Gel-filtration chromatography, also known as size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) or gel-permeation chromatography, is a useful tool for structural and conformational analyses of intrinsically disordered proteins ...

Vladimir N. Uversky

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Dynamic analysis of tension leg platform for offshore wind turbine support as fluid-structure interaction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tension leg platform (TLP) for offshore wind turbine support is a new type structure in wind energy utilization. The strong-interaction method is ... and the dynamic characteristics of the TLP for offshore wind turbine

Hu Huang ? ?; She-rong Zhang ???

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Design of planar-flexure-based contacts for high-repeatability kinematic couplings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research assesses the effects of planar flexural elements on the repeatability of a high-precision kinematic coupling. Few devices exist that are capable of passive, repeatable nanoscale fixturing; this research ...

Segado, Martin Alan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

KINEMATIC CONTROL OF A NONHOLONOMIC WHEELED MOBILE MANIPULATOR A DIFFERENTIAL FLATNESS APPROACH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

maintenance robots to robotic earth-moving excavators to free-flying satellite-repair robots, have capitalized of operation make disk wheels popular, the kinematics of rolling contact creates nonholonomic constraints

Krovi, Venkat

258

Technique and application for quantifying dynamic shoulder joint kinematics and glenohumeral joint contact patterns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The shoulder (glenohumeral) joint has the greatest range of motion of all human joints; as a result, it is particularly vulnerable to dislocation and injury. The ability to accurately measure dynamic in-vivo joint kinematics ...

Massimini, Daniel Frank

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Structural Analysis of Human and Bovine Bone for Development of Synthetic Materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

bones, as well as mimicking nature by developing a synthetic material to repair bones. Experimentally, bovine bone, tumor-free human bone, and cancerous human bone were studied via the small scale mechanical loading test. Failure analysis was conducted...

Jang, Eunhwa

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

260

Atlas Generation for Subcortical and Ventricular Structures With Its Applications in Shape Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Atlas-driven morphometric analysis has received great attention for studying anatomical shape variation across clinical populations in neuroimaging research as it provides a local coordinate representation for understanding ...

Qiu, Anqi

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kinematic structural analysis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

E-Print Network 3.0 - analysis structural evolution Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

fitting Idea: parameters can adapt to mutated... . Dittrich, T. Hinze, B. Ibrahim, T. Lenser, N. Matsumaru Bio Systems Analysis FSU Jena thlenser... @inf.uni-jena.de 12;2...

262

Carbon Dioxide Emissions in the U.S. Economy: A Structural Decomposition Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper provides an empirical analysis of the impact of various influences on carbon dioxide emissions. It incorporates methodological refinements of input-output...2 emissions in the U.S. over the 1972 ... as...

Stephen D. Casler; Adam Rose

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Structure-function analysis of human protein Ero1-L{alpha}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Human Ero1-L{alpha} catalyzes the formation of disulfide bond and hence plays an essential role in protein folding. Understanding the mechanism of disulfide bond formation in mammals is important because of the involvement of protein misfolding in conditions such as diabetes, arthritis, cancer, and aging. However, the crystal structure of the enzyme is not available yet, which seriously hinders the understanding of biological function of Ero1-L{alpha}. Based on the crystal structure of yeast Ero1p, a rational three-dimensional structural model of Ero1-L{alpha} was built and the characteristics of the enzyme were hence investigated. The characteristic similarities and differences between Ero1-L{alpha} and Ero1p were compared on the basis of computational and experimental results, providing the first insight into the structure-function relationships of the enzymes. Both calculation and experiment got the concordant conclusion that FAD binds more tightly with Ero1-L{alpha} than Ero1p. In addition, the probable electron transfer pathway was proposed on the basis of the structural models.

Chu, Yanyan [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai 200237 (China)] [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai 200237 (China); Yang, Charles; Chen, Xianjun; Zheng, Wenyun [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai 200237 (China) [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai 200237 (China); State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai 200237 (China); Yang, Yi, E-mail: yiyang@ecust.edu.cn [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai 200237 (China) [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai 200237 (China); State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai 200237 (China); Tang, Yun, E-mail: ytang234@ecust.edu.cn [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai 200237 (China)] [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai 200237 (China)

2009-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

264

Statistical energy analysis prediction of the response of offshore structures to random wave excitation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The principle of reciprocity is applied to dynamic response prediction of structures excited by ocean waves. It is shown that the modal wave force spectrum may be expressed in terms of the modal radiation damping coefficient. This leads to the familiar SEA result: that the damping controlled response of the resonator (a mode of an offshore structure) has an upper bound which occurs when the ratio of the radiation to the total damping approaches unity. This result is embodied in a general method for predicting the damping controlled response of a broad variety of oceanstructures. The method includes the effects of the highly directional nature of ocean wave spectra. Example calculations are presented for fixed and floating structures and the results of full scale tests are reported.

J. Kim Vandiver

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Analysis of vibrational structure and Jahn?Teller effects in the electron spectrum of ammonia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electron spectra of the 2 A 1 ? 1 A 1 and the 2 E? 1 A 1 transitions of ammonia have been measured with sufficient resolution to observe considerable fine structure. The first transition 2 A 1 ? 1 A 1 contains two vibrational progressions which are assigned to the ?2 bending mode. The second transition 2 E? 1 A 1 consists of two overlapping electron bands due to Jahn?Teller splitting of the 2 E state. The vibronic structure accompanying this transition has been partially resolved and compared to the results of model calculations.

J. W. Rabalais; L. Karlsson; L. O. Werme; T. Bergmark; K. Siegbahn

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Band-structure analysis from photoreflectance spectroscopy in (Ga,Mn)As  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Modulation photoreflectance spectroscopy has been applied to study the band-structure evolution in (Ga,Mn)As epitaxial layers with increasing Mn content. Structural and magnetic properties of the layers were characterized with high-resolution X-ray diffractometry and SQUID magnetometery, respectively. The revealed results of decrease in the band-gap-transition energy in the (Ga,Mn)As layers with increasing Mn content are interpreted in terms of a disordered valence band, extended within the band gap, formed, in highly Mn-doped (Ga,Mn)As, as a result of merging the Mn-related impurity band with the host GaAs valence band.

Yastrubchak, Oksana; Gluba, Lukasz; Zuk, Jerzy [Institute of Physics, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, 20-031 Lublin (Poland); Wosinski, Tadeusz; Andrearczyk, Tomasz; Domagala, Jaroslaw Z. [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Sadowski, Janusz [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 02-668 Warsaw, Poland and MAX-Lab, Lund University, 22100 Lund (Sweden)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

267

Maximum-entropy meshfree method for nonlinear static analysis of planar reinforced concrete structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the nonlinear system of equations. Maximum-entropy basis functions are used to discretize the two displacement control method is implemented to solve the nonlinear system of equations and to obtain tools in the field of structural engineering, Yaw and co-workers [1] presented a blended FE and meshfree

Sukumar, N.

268

SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL Lipid bilayer structure determined by the simultaneous analysis of neutron  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

scattering intensities I(q) for both neutrons and x-rays using )()()()( qPqPqIqF TSLC= , (1.) where PLC in structure between oriented and spherical bilayers experimentally using both neutron and x-ray scattering in (2). Our study concluded no difference between the two for x-ray and neutron scattering data

Nagle, John F.

269

Inferring dispersal and migrations from incomplete geochemical baselines: analysis of population structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 2008). Trace element tags as well as stable iso- topes contained within inert structures, such as fish baseline or reference atlas. Individuals of unknown origin are then assigned to one of the sources in this reference atlas based on their geochemical signature. The identifiability of potential sources is

Shima, Jeff

270

Structural Analysis of Peptide Substrates for Mucin-Type O-Glycosylation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The standard selection of minimization levels and parameters for the DIANA program with REDAC strategy (28), within the SYBYL 6.3 software package (Tripos Associates, Inc., St. Louis, MO), were used to generate 50 structures consistent with the NMR data set. ...

Leonid Kirnarsky; Mitsuharu Nomoto; Yoshito Ikematsu; Helle Hassan; Eric P. Bennett; Ronald L. Cerny; Henrik Clausen; Michael A. Hollingsworth; Simon Sherman

1998-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

271

The accuracy, stability and convergence characteristics of solution procedures for nonlinear structural analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Fxternal Loads, " Journal of Aerospace Sci. ences, Vol. 27, No . 2, Feb . 1960, pp . 97-106 . 15. Argyri s, J. H. , "Recent Advances in Matrix Methods of Struct- ural Analysis, " ~pro ress in Aeronautical Science, Vol. 4, Pergamon Press, New Yorlc, 1964... and Fxternal Loads, " Journal of Aerospace Sci. ences, Vol. 27, No . 2, Feb . 1960, pp . 97-106 . 15. Argyri s, J. H. , "Recent Advances in Matrix Methods of Struct- ural Analysis, " ~pro ress in Aeronautical Science, Vol. 4, Pergamon Press, New Yorlc, 1964...

Malek, Michele

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

272

Slow dynamics of a protein backbone in molecular dynamics simulation revealed by time-structure based independent component analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We recently proposed the method of time-structure based independent component analysis (tICA) to examine the slow dynamics involved in conformational fluctuations of a protein as estimated by molecular dynamics (MD) simulation [Y. Naritomi and S. Fuchigami, J. Chem. Phys. 134, 065101 (2011)]. Our previous study focused on domain motions of the protein and examined its dynamics by using rigid-body domain analysis and tICA. However, the protein changes its conformation not only through domain motions but also by various types of motions involving its backbone and side chains. Some of these motions might occur on a slow time scale: we hypothesize that if so, we could effectively detect and characterize them using tICA. In the present study, we investigated slow dynamics of the protein backbone using MD simulation and tICA. The selected target protein was lysine-, arginine-, ornithine-binding protein (LAO), which comprises two domains and undergoes large domain motions. MD simulation of LAO in explicit water was performed for 1 ?s, and the obtained trajectory of C{sub ?} atoms in the backbone was analyzed by tICA. This analysis successfully provided us with slow modes for LAO that represented either domain motions or local movements of the backbone. Further analysis elucidated the atomic details of the suggested local motions and confirmed that these motions truly occurred on the expected slow time scale.

Naritomi, Yusuke [Department of Supramolecular Biology, Graduate School of Nanobioscience, Yokohama City University, 1-7-29 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama 230-0045 (Japan)] [Department of Supramolecular Biology, Graduate School of Nanobioscience, Yokohama City University, 1-7-29 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama 230-0045 (Japan); Fuchigami, Sotaro, E-mail: sotaro@tsurumi.yokohama-cu.ac.jp [Department of Medical Life Science, Graduate School of Medical Life Science, Yokohama City University, 1-7-29 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama 230-0045 (Japan)] [Department of Medical Life Science, Graduate School of Medical Life Science, Yokohama City University, 1-7-29 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama 230-0045 (Japan)

2013-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

273

Insights into Bacteriophage T5 Structure from Analysis of Its Morphogenesis Genes and Protein Components  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...vitro, a highly stable 1/1 stoichiometric complex with its receptor FhuA (21, 22). In either small angle neutron scattering and EM and single-particle analysis of purified monomeric pb5, side views revealed a prolate molecule 7 nm long...

Yvan Zivanovic; Fabrice Confalonieri; Luc Ponchon; Rudi Lurz; Mohamed Chami; Ali Flayhan; Madalena Renouard; Alexis Huet; Paulette Decottignies; Alan R. Davidson; Cécile Breyton; Pascale Boulanger

2013-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

274

Combining Functional and Structural Reasoning for Safety Analysis of Electrical Designs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in detail. FLAME has been developed over several years, and is capable of composing an FMEA report for many Failure mode effects analysis (FMEA) of a design involves the investigation and assessment of the effects, electronic and mechanical systems are being combined in safety-critical applications. Automation of FMEA

Snooke, Neal

275

Comparative analysis of structural transformations of two bituminous coals with different maximum fluidity during carbonization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The variation of the volume of two bituminous coals with different maximum fluidity (MF) values has been determined using carbonization tests, and the quality of coke obtained has been examined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) micrographs. The structural and chemical changes in bituminous coals at the pre-plastic stage during carbonization were studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) techniques and compared to the changes in their electric and dielectric parameters. It was observed that the structural and chemical transformations occurred in the disordered phase of both coals in different ways. These differences are attributed to the different redistributions of hydrogen between the radicals generated in the aliphatic and aromatic parts of the macromolecule fragments. 42 refs., 12 figs., 2 tabs.

Valentina Zubkova; Victor Prezhdo; Andrzej Strojwas [Jan Kochanowski University, Kielce (Poland). Institute of Chemistry

2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

276

High resolution electron diffraction analysis of structural changes associated with the photocycle of bacteriorhodopsin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Changes in protein structure that occur during the formation of the M photointermediate of bacteriorhodopsin can be directly visualized by electron diffraction techniques. Samples containing a high percentage of the M intermediate were trapped by rapidly cooling the crystals with liquid nitrogen following illumination with filtered green light at 240K and 260K respectively. Difference Fourier projection maps for M minus bR at two temperatures and for M{sub 260K} minus M{sub 240K} are presented. While it is likely that a unique M-substate is trapped when illuminated at 260K produces a mixture of the M{sub 240K} substate and a second M-substate which may have a protein structure similar to the N-intermediate. The diffraction data clearly show that statistically significant structural changes occur upon formation of the M{sub 240K} specimen and then further upon formation of the second substate which is present in the mixture that is produced at 260K. A preliminary 3-D difference map, based on data collected with samples tilted up to 30{degree}, has been constructed at a resolution of 3.5{angstrom} parallel to the membrane plane and a resolution of 8.5{angstrom} perpendicular to the membrane. The data have been analyzed by a number of different criteria to ensure that the differences seen reflect real conformation changes at a level which is significantly above the noise in the map. Furthermore, a comparison of the positions of specific backbone and side-chain groups relative to significant difference peaks suggests that it will be necessary to further refine the atomic resolution model before it will be possible to interpret the changes in chemical structure that occur in the protein at this stage of the photocycle.

Han, B.-G. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States). Life Sciences Div.]|[Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Biophysics

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

A revised structure and hydrogen bonding system in cellulose II from a neutron fiber diffraction analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The crystal and molecular structure and hydrogen bonding system in cellulose II have been revised using new neutron diffraction data extending to 1.2 {angstrom} resolution collected from two highly crystalline fiber samples of mercerized flax. Mercerization was achieved in NaOH/H{sub 2}O for one sample and in NaOD/D{sub 2}O for the other, corresponding to the labile hydroxymethyl moieties being hydrogenated and deuterated, respectively. Fourier difference maps were calculated in which neutron difference amplitudes were combined with phases calculated from two revised X-ray models of cellulose II. The revised phasing models were determined by refinement against the X-ray data set of Kolpak and Blackwell, using the LALS methodology. Both models have two antiparallel chains organized in a P2{sub 1} space group and unit cell parameters: a = 8.01 {angstrom}, b = 9.04 {angstrom}, c = 10.36 {angstrom}, and {gamma} = 117.1{degree}. One has equivalent backbone conformations for both chains but different conformations for the hydroxymethyl moieties: gt for the origin chain and tg for the center chain. The second model based on the recent crystal structures of cellotetraose, has different conformations for the two chains but nearly equivalent conformations for the hydroxymethyl moieties. On the basis of the X-ray data alone, the models could not be differentiated. From the neutron Fourier difference maps, possible labile hydrogen atom positions were identified for each model and refined using LALS. The second model is significantly different from previous proposals based on the crystal structures of cellotetraose, MD simulations of cellulose II, and any potential hydrogen-bonding network in the structure of cellulose II determined in earlier X-ray fiber diffraction studies. The exact localization of the labile hydrogen atoms involved in this bonding, together with their donor and acceptor characteristics, is presented and discussed. This study provides, for the first time, the coordinates of all of the atoms in cellulose II.

Langan, P.; Nishiyama, Y.; Chanzy, H.

1999-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

278

Structural Analysis and Functional Implications of the Negative mTORC1 Regulator REDD1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

REDD1 is a conserved stress-response protein that regulates mTORC1, a critical regulator of cell growth and proliferation that is implicated in cancer. REDD1 is induced by hypoxia, and REDD1 overexpression is sufficient to inhibit mTORC1. mTORC1 is regulated by the small GTPase Rheb, which in turn is regulated by the GTPase-activating protein complex, TSC1/TSC2. REDD1 induced-mTORC1 inhibition requires the TSC1/TSC2 complex, and REDD1 has been proposed to act by directly binding to and sequestering 14-3-3 proteins away from TSC2 leading to TSC2-depedent inhibition of mTORC1. Structure/function analyses have led us to identify two segments in REDD1 that are essential for function, which act in an interdependent manner. We have determined a crystal structure of REDD1 at 2.0 {angstrom} resolution, which shows that these two segments fold together to form an intact domain with a novel fold. This domain is characterized by an {alpha}/{beta} sandwich consisting of two antiparallel {alpha}-helices and a mixed {beta}-sheet encompassing an uncommon psi-loop motif. Structure-based docking and functional analyses suggest that REDD1 does not directly bind to 14-3-3 proteins. Sequence conservation mapping to the surface of the structure and mutagenesis studies demarcated a hotspot likely to interact with effector proteins that is essential for REDD1-mediated mTORC1 inhibition.

Vega-Rubin-de-Celis, Silvia; Abdallah, Zeina; Kinch, Lisa; Grishin, Nick V.; Brugarolas, James; Zhang, Xuewu (UTSMC)

2010-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

279

Analysis and reconstruction of impermanent structures of the 17th and 18th centuries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Royal Project Excavations 22: Building Feature Drawing 23: Digitized Drawing of Building 3 Foundation 24: Foundation Created with Ruled Surface 25: Foundation Created with Three-Dimensional Boxes 26: AutoCAD Drawing of Framing and Roofing 27: Brick... predominantly of wood. Earthfast refers to the structural members either laying on the ground or in the ground. Examples of impermanent architecture can be seen in almost every area of colonial America. In contrast, brick and stone buildings would...

Darrington, Glenn Paul

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

280

Variance analysis in the quality control of ready mixed concrete in a major structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of variation vs. average 28- day compressive strength . 33 34 36 28-Oay compressive strength vs. added water Comparison of 28-day vs. 7-day compressive strength 39 41 10 28-Oay compressive strength vs. water-cement ratio for f'c = 7500 psi Average... Luis Valle Aguilar, Ing. Civil, Instituto Tecnologico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Mexico Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. W. B. Ledbetter This thesis evaluated concrete compressive test results from a major structure to determine...

Valle Aguilar, Jorge Luis

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kinematic structural analysis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Analysis of the interband optical transitions: Characterization of synthetic DNA band structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We analyze the band structure and interband optical transitions in a dangling backbone ladder DNAmodel. Using this model semiconducting synthetic poly(G)-poly(C) DNA is studied by means of a tight-binding model traditionally used for transport studies. Numerical calculations for optical absorptionspectra are also presented. By studying the eigenstates’ symmetries in uniform and nonuniform DNA chains we conclude that in both cases the transitions are almost vertical in K space. The optical gap turns out larger than the electronic one and an indirect band gap electronic structure for this DNAmodel is revealed. The effects of the environment which are relevant for the wet form of DNA are taken into account by introducing disorder in the backbone levels. We demonstrate that they affect more the spectra in the case of parallel polarization of the incoming light (with respect to the molecule axis). In such a case the closure of the gap appears for a large enough disorder. We also consider the natural helix DNA conformation and find unusual selection rules for interband optical transitions. We propose that a comparison between the obtained spectra and the experiments can provide an insight into the electronic band structure of DNA.

Elena Díaz

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Comparisons on offshore structure responses to random waves using linear and high-order wave theories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The predicted responses of an offshore structure when the wave induced kinematics are computed from different estimation methods can change significantly. The sometimes controversial results have recently motivated the development of a new...

Ramos Heredia, Rafael Juda

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

283

Structural and chemical phase transitions in tungsten carbide films evidenced by the analysis of their stiffness tensors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Brillouin light scattering (BLS) is used to provide a comprehensive study of thin tungsten carbide films deposited on single crystal silicon substrates whose distinctive nature depends critically on the deposition parameters. The use of stepped films in these slow-on-fast systems provides enhanced data sets and allows the velocity dispersion of the observed surface excitations, including the discrete Rayleigh and Sezawa modes to be studied in detail. Comprehensive and powerful methods of data analysis and interpretation including the recently developed Monte Carlo (MC) method, the surface Green's function, and classical approaches are applied to extract the effective elastic constants and density of each of the films. The MC and Green's function methods are used to remove ambiguities in Sezawa mode assignments and to identify a mode-crossing event. Auger electron spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction investigations confirm conclusions about chemical composition and microstructure obtained by BLS including a structural phase transition, thus leading to a consistent description of elastic, structural, and chemical properties of tungsten carbide films as a function of their deposition conditions. The anisotropic elastic tensors of the various films are employed for an analysis of the angular dependent Young's modulus and the shear modulus, suggesting implications for the film performance in wear protection. Finally, an estimate of the elastic anisotropy of the {alpha}-W{sub 2}C single crystal is provided on the basis of the effective elastic constants of a nanocrystalline W{sub 2}C film.

Wittkowski, T.; Jung, K.; Hillebrands, B.; Comins, J. D. [Fachbereich Physik und Forschungsschwerpunkt MINAS, Technische Universitaet Kaiserslautern, Erwin Schroedinger-Strasse 56, D-67663 Kaiserlautern (Germany); DST/NRF Centre of Excellence in Strong Materials, School of Physics, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, Wits 2050 (South Africa) and Materials Physics Research Institute, School of Physics, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, Wits 2050 (South Africa)

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Structural and kinetic analysis of the unnatural fusion protein 4-coumaroyl-CoA ligase::stilbene synthase  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To increase the biochemical efficiency of biosynthetic systems, metabolic engineers have explored different approaches for organizing enzymes, including the generation of unnatural fusion proteins. Previous work aimed at improving the biosynthesis of resveratrol, a stilbene associated a range of health-promoting activities, in yeast used an unnatural engineered fusion protein of Arabidopsis thaliana (thale cress) 4-coumaroyl-CoA ligase (At4CL1) and Vitis vinifera (grape) stilbene synthase (VvSTS) to increase resveratrol levels 15-fold relative to yeast expressing the individual enzymes. Here we present the crystallographic and biochemical analysis of the 4CL::STS fusion protein. Determination of the X-ray crystal structure of 4CL::STS provides the first molecular view of an artificial didomain adenylation/ketosynthase fusion protein. Comparison of the steady-state kinetic properties of At4CL1, VvSTS, and 4CL::STS demonstrates that the fusion protein improves catalytic efficiency of either reaction less than 3-fold. Structural and kinetic analysis suggests that colocalization of the two enzyme active sites within 70 {angstrom} of each other provides the basis for enhanced in vivo synthesis of resveratrol.

Wang, Yechun; Yi, Hankuil; Wang, Melissa; Yu, Oliver; Jez, Joseph M. (WU); (Danforth)

2012-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

285

Projections of local atomic structure revealed by wavelet analysis of x-ray absorption anisotropy P. Korecki,1,* D. V. Novikov,2 and M. Tolkiehn2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Projections of local atomic structure revealed by wavelet analysis of x-ray absorption anisotropy P x-ray field amplitude at the sites of absorbing atoms and effectively changes the atomic absorption in an experiment a wavelet transform approach for analysis of x-ray absorption anisotropy XAA patterns recorded

Korecki, Pawe³

286

Structural changes in switchgrass lignin and hemicelluloses during pretreatments by NMR analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

changes changes in switchgrass lignin and hemicelluloses during pretreatments by NMR analysis Reichel Samuel a, c , Marcus Foston a, c , Nan Jiang a, c , Lenong Allison a, c , Arthur J. Ragauskas a, b, c, * a School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA b Institute of Paper Science and Technology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA c BioEnergy Science Center, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 14 May 2011 Received in revised form 13 August 2011 Accepted 25 August 2011 Available online xxx Keywords: Switchgrass Pretreatment HSQC NMR analysis Lignin a b s t r a c t Switchgrass is currently being developed as a sustainable bio-energy crop due to its broad adaptability, high mass yield and low agricultural input. Its current conversion to biofuels is detrimentally impacted by its native recalcitrance which is typically addressed using

287

Total analysis of surface structure and properties by UHV transfer system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have developed an ultrahigh-vacuum (UHV) complex sample preparation and analysis system, which realizes a reliable surface science analyzing various characters on an identical surface. The system contains three sample-preparation-and-characterization chambers and five analysis chambers. They are (1) an electronic-properties-characterization chamber, (2) a magnetic-properties-characterization chamber, (3) an organic-molecule chamber, (4) UHV SEM, (5) a high-energy-resolution angle-resolved photoelectron spectrometer, (6) a high-energy-resolution display-type spherical mirror analyzer, (7) a room-temperature (RT) STM, and (8) an optical-properties characterization chamber. A special sample holder is used with six electrodes on it, which enables accurate temperature measurement of a sample by connecting a thermocouple directly to the sample even if it is transferred. Four other electrodes can be used for construction of various circuits including evaporators. Some examples are shown.

Hiroshi Yamatani; Ken Hattori; Takahisa Matsuta; Takuji Ito; Tomohito Nohno; Madoka Hori; Yutaka Miyatake; Shigenori Konno; Tsukasa Tanaka; Yoji Hamada; Hiroshi Katagiri; Mikiharu Hibi; Toshiki Miyai; Mie Hashimoto; Keita Kataoka; Takeshi Tatsuta; Azusa N. Hattori; Naoto Higashi; Mitsunori Honda; Norifumi Masunaga; Hiroaki Mino; Shintaro Yasui; Janathul Nayeem; Tatsuya Shimizu; Nobuaki Takahashi; Yukako Kato; Chikako Sakai; Masashi Yoshimura; Sakura N. Takeda; Fumihiko Matsui; Hiroshi Daimon

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Neural network system and methods for analysis of organic materials and structures using spectral data  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus and processes are described for recognizing and identifying materials. Characteristic spectra are obtained for the materials via spectroscopy techniques including nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, infrared absorption analysis, x-ray analysis, mass spectroscopy and gas chromatography. Desired portions of the spectra may be selected and then placed in proper form and format for presentation to a number of input layer neurons in an offline neural network. The network is first trained according to a predetermined training process; it may then be employed to identify particular materials. Such apparatus and processes are particularly useful for recognizing and identifying organic compounds such as complex carbohydrates, whose spectra conventionally require a high level of training and many hours of hard work to identify, and are frequently indistinguishable from one another by human interpretation.

Meyer, B.J.; Sellers, J.P.; Thomsen, J.U.

1993-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

289

Tectonic history and analysis of structures in eastern Kansas and western Missouri  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Orogenic events in and around the midcontinent in Proterozoic time were responsible for the formation of the dominant master set of younger northeast- and older northwest-trending faults that dominate the structure of the area today. Reactivation of these faults throughout geologic time gave rise to tectonic zones consisting of sets of anastomosing faults or other complex patterns. These zones are likely important in helping to determine the configuration of major uplifts and basins that involve the crust. The Nemaha tectonic zone defines the western boundary of both the Forest City and Cherokee basins, while a structural block delineated by the Chesapeake and Bolivar-Mansfield regional faults coincides with the approximate position of the Bourbon Arch, which is reflected in the thickness of Mississippian carbonate rocks. Rocks of the Ozark uplift began to be uplifted by the end of Maquoketa time. The uplift has historically been described as a landform, rather than a geologic structure. Hence, the extent and the boundaries of the uplift are ill-defined. The northeast-trending line forming the contact between Mississippian and Pennsylvanian rocks is commonly regarded as the western boundary. This boundary coincides with a major tectonic zone, extending northeastward from Oklahoma through Kansas and Missouri into at least southern Iowa. In the Tri-State area of Kansas, Oklahoma, and Missouri the zone is referred to as the Miami trough and features prominently in the localization of major ore deposits. This zone may then also be regarded as the eastern boundary of the Forest City and Cherokee basins.

Berendsen, P.; Wilson, F.W. (Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS (United States). Kansas Geological Survey)

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Characterizing Structural Controls of EGS-Candidate and Conventional  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Controls of EGS-Candidate and Conventional Controls of EGS-Candidate and Conventional Geothermal Reservoirs in the Great Basin: Developing Successful Exploration Strategies in Extended Terranes Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Characterizing Structural Controls of EGS-Candidate and Conventional Geothermal Reservoirs in the Great Basin: Developing Successful Exploration Strategies in Extended Terranes Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act: Enhanced Geothermal Systems Component Research and Development/Analysis Project Type / Topic 2 Geophysical Exploration Technologies Project Description The project group proposes to systematically assess the structural controls of geothermal systems in the Great Basin and adjacent regions. Phase I (Year 1) involves a broad inventory of structural settings of geothermal systems in the Great Basin, Walker Lane, and southern Cascades, with the aim of developing conceptual structural models and a structural catalogue of the most favorable structural environments. The regional stress field will be used to evaluate slip tendency on faults in the various tectonic provinces and thus determine which faults are most likely to accommodate dilation and slip in each setting. This overview will permit selection of representative sites (5 or 6 total) for more detailed studies in Phases II and III (Years 2-3). Sites will be selected on the basis of quality of exposure, apparent potential for geothermal development, and general type of system, so that all major types of systems can be evaluated and compared in this project (e.g., magmatic vs. nonmagmatic). The detailed investigations will include geologic mapping, kinematic analysis, stress determinations, gravity surveys, integration of available geophysical data, slip tendency analysis, and 3D modeling. In Year 3, the detailed studies will be completed and data synthesized to a) compare structural controls in various tectonic settings, b) complete the structural catalogue, and c) apply knowledge to exploration strategies and selection of drilling sites.

291

Analysis of sailfish (Istiophorus platypterus) population structure in the North Pacific Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The global genetic population structure of sailfish is not well understood, nor has it been well characterized in any of the major ocean basins. In this study, we surveyed the pattern of genetic differentiation of sailfish in the North Pacific Ocean using 307 bp of sequence of the mtDNA control region I and five tetra-nucleotide microsatellite loci for 92 sailfish representing three North Pacific localities. We report significant genetic differentiation with both mitochondrial and nuclear markers between the western North Pacific Ocean collection from Taiwan (n = 39) and the eastern North Pacific Ocean collections from Mexico (n = 37) and Costa Rica (n = 16), the latter of which were not significantly different from each other. These results corroborate genetic heterogeneity in the North Pacific previously observed using restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) of mtDNA, and three microsatellite loci, and indicate that sailfish from the eastern and the western North Pacific Ocean belong to distinct populations. Consistent with the levels of mtDNA variation reported in other marine species, sailfish in the eastern Pacific Ocean displayed significantly (p Pacific Ocean. In future studies, sample sizes and geographic coverage should be increased to resolve the population structure throughout the entire Pacific Ocean.

Ching-Ping Lu; Jaime R. Alvarado Bremer; Jessica L. McKenzie; Wei-Chuan Chiang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Atomic-scale X-ray structural analysis of self-assembled monolayers on Silicon  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two related self-assembled monolayers (SAMs), 4-bromostyrene (BrSty) and 4-bromophenylacetylene (BPA), are photochemically grown from solution on to the monohydride-terminated Si(111) surface. The atomic-scale structures of the resulting SAMs are examined by X-ray standing waves (XSW), X-ray reflectivity (XRR), X-ray fluorescence, atomic-force microscopy (AFM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and density functional theory (DFT). The coverage is 0.5 ML. The results show that in each case the molecule covalently bonds to a single Si T{sub 1} site and stands up-right with a slight molecular tilt of 17{sup o} that leaves the Br terminal end over a neighboring T{sub 4} site. The Br height is 8.5 {angstrom} (BrSty) and 8.6 {angstrom} (BPA) above the top surface Si atom. The combined XSW and XRR results rule-out two alternative bonding models predicted by DFT that have the root of the molecule bonded to two neighboring top Si surface atoms. Based on the XSW 111 and 333 coherent fractions, the BPA/Si(111) has a reduced vertical Br distribution width in comparison to BrSty. This greater rigidity in the molecular structure is correlated to a C=C bond at the root.

Lin, J.-C.; Kellar, J.A.; Kim, J.-H.; Yoder, N.L.; Bevan, K.H.; Nguyen, S.T.; Hersam, M.C.; Bedzyk, M.J.; (NWU); (Purdue)

2009-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

293

Brittle fracture in a periodic structure with internal potential energy. Quasi-static analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a linearly elastic body consisting of two equal symmetrically arranged layers (or half-planes) connected by a structured interface as a prospective crack path. The interface is comprised by periodic discrete system of bonds. In the initial state with no external forces, the bonds are assumed to be stressed in such a way that tensile and compressive forces of the same value alternate. In the general considerations, the layers are assumed to be of a general, unspecified {\\em periodic} structure, where such self-equilibrated residual stresses can also exist. A two-line chain and an anisotropic lattice are examined as illustrative examples. We consider the states of the body-with-a-crack under the residual stresses and under a combined action of the remote forces and residual stresses. Analytical solutions to the considered problems are presented. The solutions are based on a selective discrete transform introduced. In particular, it is found that a formula for local-to-global energy release ratio, wr...

Mishuris, Gennady S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Surface structural analysis of LiF(100) thin films grown on Pt(111)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The surface structure of a multilayer LiF(100) thin film grown on Pt(111) from the vapor has been determined by the automated tensor low energy electron diffraction (LEED) method. The final structure, which refined to a Pendry R-factor (RP) of 0.24, had a surface corrugation (D1) of 0.24+-0.04 Angstrom due to the Li+ being displaced towards the bulk, leaving the initially coplanar F - unshifted. A similar intralayer corrugation due to the movement of the Li+ was also observed in the layer immediately under the surface layer, although to a lesser degree: D2=0.07+-0.04 Angstrom. This asymmetric relaxation resulted in the reduction of the first interlayer spacing, d(F2-Li1), to 1.77+-0.0 6 Angstrom from the ideal value of 2.01 Angstrom. The second interlayer spacing, d(Li3-F2), was within error bars of the bulk value, 2.01 Angstrom.

Roberts, J.G.; Van Hove, M.A.; Somorjai, G.A.

2002-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

295

A protein electrophoretic analysis of population structure in the red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Wright's FST values over all polymorphic loci ranged from 0. 009 to 0. 027 (mean FST = 0. 023), and estimates of the effective number of migrants (N m) per generation ranged from 9. 0 to 27. 5. Estimates of e Nei's genetic distance between pairs... Flow In The Red Drum . . . 34 FIGURE 5. UPGNA Cluster Analysis Of Nei's (1978) Genetic Distance (D) Values Of All Fourteen Red Drum Samples , 36 INTRODUCTION Th d d (~S' ll j p and commercial species in the Gulf of Mexico and the Southeastern...

Bohlmeyer, Dwight Alan

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Coloured Solar-thermal Absorbers – A Comparative Analysis of Cermet Structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Novel coloured solar-thermal absorber coatings are obtained as thin films of alumina infiltrated with pigment oxides (Fe2O3 and V2O5) and sulfides (CuS). The coatings are stepwise obtained in successive spray pyrolysis depositions, using inorganic precursors. The composite layers have good crystallinity degree and develop various morphologies, with very different matrix- pigment infiltration; the addition of gold nanoparticles differently influences the properties, depending on the interactions with the precursor species: it can strongly decrease the thermal emittance, when embedded in the layers structure (Fe2O3) or it can form large aggregates on the matrix (V2O5) without significant effect on the optical properties. Bright red spectral selective coatings, with spectral selectivity of 12 were obtained using Fe2O3 hematite pigments.

Anca Duta; Luminita Isac; Andrea Milea; Elena Ienei; Dana Perniu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Analysis of the electronic structure of ZrO{sub 2} by Compton spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electronic structure of ZrO{sub 2} is studied using the Compton scattering technique. The first-ever Compton profile measurement on polycrystalline ZrO{sub 2} was obtained using 59.54 keV gamma-rays emanating from the {sup 241}Am radioisotope. To explain the experimental data, we compute theoretical Compton profile values using the method of linear combination of atomic orbitals in the framework of density functional theory. The correlation scheme proposed by Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof and the exchange scheme of Becke are considered. The ionic-model-based calculations for a number of configurations, i.e., Zr{sup +x}(O{sup -x/2}){sub 2} (0 {<=} x {<=} 2), are also performed to estimate the charge transfer on compound formation, and the study supports transfer of 1.5 electrons from Zr to O atoms.

Mahammad, F. M.; Mahammed, S. F. [University of Tikrit 42, Department of Physics (Iraq)] [University of Tikrit 42, Department of Physics (Iraq); Kumar, R.; Vijay, Y. K.; Sharma, B. K. [University of Rajasthan, Department of Physics (India)] [University of Rajasthan, Department of Physics (India); Sharma, G., E-mail: gsphysics@gmail.com [University of Kota, Department of Pure and Applied Physics (India)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

298

Handbook on dynamics of jointed structures.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The problem of understanding and modeling the complicated physics underlying the action and response of the interfaces in typical structures under dynamic loading conditions has occupied researchers for many decades. This handbook presents an integrated approach to the goal of dynamic modeling of typical jointed structures, beginning with a mathematical assessment of experimental or simulation data, development of constitutive models to account for load histories to deformation, establishment of kinematic models coupling to the continuum models, and application of finite element analysis leading to dynamic structural simulation. In addition, formulations are discussed to mitigate the very short simulation time steps that appear to be required in numerical simulation for problems such as this. This handbook satisfies the commitment to DOE that Sandia will develop the technical content and write a Joints Handbook. The content will include: (1) Methods for characterizing the nonlinear stiffness and energy dissipation for typical joints used in mechanical systems and components. (2) The methodology will include practical guidance on experiments, and reduced order models that can be used to characterize joint behavior. (3) Examples for typical bolted and screw joints will be provided.

Ames, Nicoli M.; Lauffer, James P.; Jew, Michael D.; Segalman, Daniel Joseph; Gregory, Danny Lynn; Starr, Michael James; Resor, Brian Ray

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

EARLIEST STAGES OF PROTOCLUSTER FORMATION: SUBSTRUCTURE AND KINEMATICS OF STARLESS CORES IN ORION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the structure and kinematics of nine 0.1 pc scale cores in Orion with the IRAM 30 m telescope and at higher resolution eight of the cores with CARMA, using CS(2-1) as the main tracer. The single-dish moment zero maps of the starless cores show single structures with central column densities ranging from 7 to 42 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 23} cm{sup -2} and LTE masses from 20 M{sub Sun} to 154 M{sub Sun }. However, at the higher CARMA resolution (5''), all of the cores except one fragment into 3-5 components. The number of fragments is small compared to that found in some turbulent fragmentation models, although inclusion of magnetic fields may reduce the predicted fragment number and improve the model agreement. This result demonstrates that fragmentation from parsec-scale molecular clouds to sub-parsec cores continues to take place inside the starless cores. The starless cores and their fragments are embedded in larger filamentary structures, which likely played a role in the core formation and fragmentation. Most cores show clear velocity gradients, with magnitudes ranging from 1.7 to 14.3 km s{sup -1} pc{sup -1}. We modeled one of them in detail, and found that its spectra are best explained by a converging flow along a filament toward the core center; the gradients in other cores may be modeled similarly. We infer a mass inflow rate of {approx}2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -3} M{sub Sun} yr{sup -1}, which is in principle high enough to overcome radiation pressure and allow for massive star formation. However, the core contains multiple fragments, and it is unclear whether the rapid inflow would feed the growth of primarily a single massive star or a cluster of lower mass objects. We conclude that fast, supersonic converging flow along filaments play an important role in massive star and cluster formation.

Lee, Katherine; Looney, Leslie W. [Department of Astronomy, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States); Schnee, Scott [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Li Zhiyun [Astronomy Department, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 (United States)

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Kinematic and Mechanical Reconstruction of Walker Ridge Structures, Deepwater Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

data, we have found that (1) short wavelength (~2300m), small amplitude folds (~540m) within the upper Cretaceous and upper Jurassic stratigraphic sequences took place no later than the late Jurassic, (2) large wavelength and amplitude fold growth...

Majekodunmi, Oluwatosin Eniola

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kinematic structural analysis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Kinematic structure of the 10-11 June 1985 long-track straight-line windstorm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The system was found to have developed in and propagated through an environment with characteristics and scale similar to those associated with derechos. Severe winds are believed to have initially been produced by intense convective downdrafts. However...

Barritt, Robert Cole

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

302

Wide-Field Kinematic Structure of Early-Type Galaxy Halos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

de Zeeuw, P. T. , Falc´ on- Barroso, J. , Krajnovi´c, D. ,T. , Emsellem, E. , Falc´ on- Barroso, J. , Kuntschner, H. ,Bl´ azquez, P. , Falc´ on-Barroso, J. , Cenarro, A. J. ,

Arnold, Jacob Antony

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Image analysis of jet structure on electrospinning from free liquid surface  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The work analyses intra-jet distances during electrospinning from a free surface of water based poly(vinyl alcohol) solution confined by two thin metallic plates employed as a spinning electrode. A unique computer vision system and digital image processing were designed in order to track position of every polymer jet. Here, we show that jet position data are in good compliance with theoretically predicted intra-jet distances by linear stability analysis. Jet density is a critical parameter of electrospinning technology, since it determines the process efficiency and homogeneity of produced nanofibrous layer. Achievements made in this research could be used as essential approach to study jetting from two-dimensional spinning electrodes, or as fundamentals for further development of control system related to Nanospider{sup ™} technology.

Kula, Jiri, E-mail: jiri.kula@tul.cz; Linka, Ales, E-mail: ales.linka@tul.cz; Tunak, Maros, E-mail: maros.tunak@tul.cz [Department of Textile Evaluation, Faculty of Textile Engineering, Technical University of Liberec, Studentska 2, 461 17 Liberec (Czech Republic); Lukas, David, E-mail: david.lukas@tul.cz [Department of Nonwoven and Nanofibrous Materials, Faculty of Textile Engineering, Technical University of Liberec, Studentska 2, 461 17 Liberec (Czech Republic); Centre for Nanomaterials Advanced Technologies and Innovation, Technical University of Liberec, Studentska 2, 461 17 Liberec (Czech Republic)

2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

304

Fault block kinematics at a releasing stepover of the Eastern California  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

block kinematics at a releasing stepover of the Eastern California block kinematics at a releasing stepover of the Eastern California shear zone: Partitioning of rotation style in and around the Coso geothermal area and nascent metamorphic core complex Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Fault block kinematics at a releasing stepover of the Eastern California shear zone: Partitioning of rotation style in and around the Coso geothermal area and nascent metamorphic core complex Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Pliocene lavas and sediments of Wild Horse Mesa in the Coso Range, CA exhibit clockwise vertical-axis rotation of fault-bounded blocks. This indicates localization of one strand of the Eastern California shear zone/Walker Lane Belt within a large-scale, transtensional, dextral,

305

Fault Block Kinematics at a Releasing Stepover of the Eastern California  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fault Block Kinematics at a Releasing Stepover of the Eastern California Fault Block Kinematics at a Releasing Stepover of the Eastern California Shear Zone: Partitioning of Rotation Style in and Around the Coso Geothermal Area and Nascent Metamorphic Core Complex Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Fault Block Kinematics at a Releasing Stepover of the Eastern California Shear Zone: Partitioning of Rotation Style in and Around the Coso Geothermal Area and Nascent Metamorphic Core Complex Abstract Pliocene lavas and sediments of Wild Horse Mesa in the Coso Range, CA exhibit clockwise vertical-axis rotation of fault-bounded blocks. This indicates localization of one strand of the Eastern California shear zone/Walker Lane Belt within a large-scale, transtensional, dextral, releasing stepover. We measured rotations paleomagnetically relative to two

306

Truth in advertising?—An automobile kinematics problem  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An advertisement showing a set of photographs of a car accelerating from rest along a straight road is analyzed. It is found that the times marked on the photographs must be incorrect and a revised analysis is presented.

John G. King

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Structure Function Measurements at the LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since the current uncertainty on the structure of the proton affects the new physics discovery potential of LHC, the ATLAS collaboration is investigating methods to constrain this uncertainty over the whole LHC kinematic regime. The Standard Model processes such as direct photon, Z, W and inclusive jet productions are optimal candidates for this purpose.

A. Tricoli; for the ATLAS Collaboration

2005-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

308

EBSD analysis of magnesium addition on inclusion formation in SS400 structural steel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, the effect of magnesium addition on the inclusion formation in SS400 steel was investigated. The experimental specimens with and without Mg addition treatment were compared. The microstructure was observed using optical microscopy after etching with 3% nital. The morphology and chemical composition of the inclusions were analyzed via scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectrometry. The lattice structure and orientation of the inclusions were identified by electron backscattering diffraction. The average size of inclusions in SS400 was between 0.67 and 0.75 ?m, and between 0.65 and 0.68 ?m in SS400 + Mg. The 2 ppm Mg addition resulted in the oxide formation change from Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} to MgO·Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and in the inclusion formation change from Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}–MnS to MgO·Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}–MnS. Moreover, a simple-phase MnS with an average grain size of 1 ?m to 2 ?m was observed in rod-like, globular, and polyhedron forms. - Highlights: • The effect of magnesium addition was investigated for SS400 steel. • 2 ppm Mg addition changes the inclusion formation from Al2O3-MnS to MgO·Al2O3-MnS. • MnS observed in inclusions exhibits rod-like, globular, and polyhedron forms.

Luo, Sin-Jie [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Cheng-Kung University, No. 1, University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Su, Yen-Hao Frank; Lu, Muh-Jung [China Steel Corporation, Kaohsiung 81233, Taiwan (China); Kuo, Jui-Chao, E-mail: jckuo@mail.ncku.edu.tw [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Cheng-Kung University, No. 1, University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

309

Structural Analysis of Protein Folding by the Long-Chain Archaeal Chaperone FKBP26  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the cell, protein folding is mediated by folding catalysts and chaperones. The two functions are often linked, especially when the catalytic module forms part of a multidomain protein, as in Methanococcus jannaschii peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerase FKBP26. Here, we show that FKBP26 chaperone activity requires both a 50-residue insertion in the catalytic FKBP domain, also called 'Insert-in-Flap' or IF domain, and an 80-residue C-terminal domain. We determined FKBP26 structures from four crystal forms and analyzed chaperone domains in light of their ability to mediate protein-protein interactions. FKBP26 is a crescent-shaped homodimer. We reason that folding proteins are bound inside the large crescent cleft, thus enabling their access to inward-facing peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerase catalytic sites and ipsilateral chaperone domain surfaces. As these chaperone surfaces participate extensively in crystal lattice contacts, we speculate that the observed lattice contacts reflect a proclivity for protein associations and represent substrate interactions by FKBP26 chaperone domains. Finally, we find that FKBP26 is an exceptionally flexible molecule, suggesting a mechanism for nonspecific substrate recognition.

E Martinez-Hackert; W Hendrickson

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

310

Chapter 5 - Seismic Attribute Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Seismic attributes are the geometry, kinematics, dynamics, and statistical characteristics of seismic waves, which are extracted or derived from prestack and poststack seismic data by mathematical transformation. For a long time, seismic data only have been used to track lineups of seismic waves in order to delineate the geometry and structural characteristics of oil and gas reservoirs. In fact, there is rich information about lithology, physical properties, and fluid composition hidden in seismic data. As we all know, the characteristics of the seismic signal are caused by petrophysical characteristics and its variability. Geoscientists need to do seismic attribute analyses and calibration in order to eliminate data distortion and dig out lithological and physical properties hidden in seismic data. Especially when people are eager to cognize the heterogeneity of lithological and stratigraphic reservoirs, the rich information about the spatial variability in seismic data seems more precious. In recent years, with the advancement of reservoir interpretation and the needs of three dimensional (3-D) seismic data analysis, scientists have found out more and more new attributes on the basis of conventional seismic attributes. At the same time, methods and means used for the calculation and analysis of seismic attributes are increasing. Seismic attribute analysis has been successfully applied in reservoir lithological prediction, hydrocarbon potential prediction, and reservoir property estimates.

Ming Li; Yimin Zhao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Theoretical Analysis of the Preload Force for a Tokamak Central Solenoid Coil Structure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A simple one-dimensional analytic formulation is developed for approximate determination of the preload force that must be applied by tie-rods and/or tie-plates for a multimodule central solenoid coil assembly in tokamak devices. The primary purpose of the preload is to ensure that vertical tensile stress does not develop between any two adjacent module coils within the assembly. The absence of the tensile force is a minimal requirement needed to prevent lateral movements of the coils, when friction is the sole means available. An excessive preload, on the other hand, can damage insulation and conductor jackets. The analysis is based on a model system in which the vertical motion of the coil winding is described through representation of the coil conductors and tie-rods/-plates with linear springs. The coupled spring system is represented by a system of simultaneous linear equations, which is solved analytically to obtain the compression force at each spring in terms of the applied preload, electromagnetic forces on the springs, and spring constants. Although this procedure lacks the rigor of complex two- or three-dimensional analyses, it is expected to be able to play some useful role.

You, Kwang-Il; Lee, Deok Kyo [Korea Basic Science Institute (Korea, Republic of)

2003-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

312

Application of equivalent elastic methods in three-dimensional finite element structural analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes use of equivalent solid (EQS) modeling to obtain efficient solutions to perforated material problems using three-dimensional finite element analysis (3-D-FEA) programs. It is shown that EQS modeling in 3-D-FEA requires an EQS constitutive relationship with a sufficient number of independent constants to allow the EQS material to respond according to the elastic symmetry of the penetration pattern. It is also shown that a 3-D-FEA submodel approach to calculate peak stresses and ligament stresses from EQS results is very accurate and preferred over more traditional stress multiplier approaches. The method is demonstrated on the problem of a transversely pressurized simply supported plate with a central divider lane separating two perforated regions with circular penetrations arranged in a square pattern. A 3-D-FEA solution for a model that incorporates each penetration explicitly is used for comparison with results from an EQS solution for the plate. Results for deflection and stresses from the EQS solution are within 3% of results from the explicit 3-D-FE model. A solution to the sample problem is also provided using the procedures in the ASME B and PV Code. The ASME B and PV Code formulas for plate deflection were shown to overestimate the stiffening effects of the divider lane and the outer stiffening ring.

Jones, D.P.; Gordon, J.L.; Hutula, D.N.; Holliday, J.E.; Jandrasits, W.G. [Bechtel Bettis, Inc., West Mifflin, PA (United States). Bettis Atomic Power Lab.

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Structured design, consistency analysis and failure reasoning of business workflows with activity-control templates and causal ordering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The design, analysis, control and diagnosis of business workflows have been major challenges for enterprise information system designers. We propose a structured framework for workflow design, formal semantics, consistency analysis, execution automation and failure reasoning targeting E-commerce applications. A business workflow is modeled by using a visual tool named activity-control (AC) diagram. Frequently occurring business procedures are captured by the adoptions of reusable AC templates. With formally defined semantics by a combination of first-order logic and happen-before causal ordering in distributed system theory, workflow consistency can be mechanically analyzed at design time while failure reasoning can be applied at execution time for problem diagnosis. A completely specified model is automatically converted to a workflow by an iterative traversal algorithm that maps an AC diagram to an XML workflow specification which can then be executed automatically by an XML workflow engine. A failure reasoning and diagnosis algorithm is devised to find all possible causes of a failed execution when problems occur. Preliminary proof-of-concept implementation and evaluation results demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of our framework and techniques.

Shiow-yang Wu; Kuo-Chang Lin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Numerical Simulation/Analysis and Computer Aided Engineering for Virtual Protyping of Heavy Ground Vehicle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heavy Ground Vehicles. The numerical simulation technology capabilities are fully explored to specifically tackle the kinematics, dynamics, statics, and structural problems, some with the added realism of today's 3D high fidelity graphical environment...

Abd. Rahim, Mohd. Razi

2010-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

315

Wear damage resulting from sliding impact kinematics in pressurized high temperature water: energetical and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Wear damage resulting from sliding impact kinematics in pressurized high temperature water and Cecile Langlade2,3 1 FRAMATOME-ANP Technical Center, Avenue B. Marcet, Porte Magenta, 71200 Le Creusot.bec@ec-lyon.fr Abstract Specific wear of Rod Cluster Control Assemblies (RCCA) in Pressurized Water nuclear Reactors (PWR

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

316

Morphological and kinematic basis of the hummingbird flight stroke: scaling of flight muscle transmission ratio  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the other bird was posed in mid-upstroke. The resulting three-dimensional bone models were then repositioned in maya (Autodesk, San Rafael, CA, USA) according to the kinematic chain results to show how the skeleton might have moved, allowing assessment...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Observations of feedback from radio-quiet quasars – II. Kinematics of ionized gas nebulae  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the observed quasar winds to have a significant...between black hole masses and the velocity dispersions and masses of their host bulges...the quasar launches a wind that entrains and removes...observational campaign to map out the kinematics......

Guilin Liu; Nadia L. Zakamska; Jenny E. Greene; Nicole P. H. Nesvadba; Xin Liu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Vortex wake, downwash distribution, aerodynamic performance and wingbeat kinematics in slow-flying pied flycatchers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...wingbeat kinematics in slow-flying pied flycatchers Florian T...slowly when catching prey, flying in cluttered environments or...A. Hedenstrom 2011 Actuator disk model and span efficiency of...of wakes of two bat species flying freely in a wind tunnel. Exp...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Dynamics of kinematically constrained bimolecular reactions having constant product recoil energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamics of kinematically constrained bimolecular reactions having constant product recoil energy reactions in which the product recoil energy is assumed constant (CPR approximation). It is further assumed-shaped, peaking at the vibrational level with an energy equal to the reaction exoergicity minus the product recoil

Zare, Richard N.

320

Kinematically complete experiment on transfer excitation in intermediate-energy p+He collisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have performed a kinematically complete experiment on transfer excitation in intermediate-energy proton-helium collisions. The differential cross sections were compared to double excitation data and a nonperturbative time-dependent calculation. This comparison reveals the importance of dynamic couplings between the motion of the heavy nuclei and electronic transitions and/or electron-electron correlation effects.

Hasan, A. [Physics Department and Laboratory for Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Research, University of Missouri-Rolla, Rolla, Missouri 65409 (United States); Department of Physics, UAE University, P.O. Box 17551, Alain, Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates); Tooke, B.; Schulz, M. [Physics Department and Laboratory for Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Research, University of Missouri-Rolla, Rolla, Missouri 65409 (United States); Zapukhlyak, M.; Kirchner, T. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, TU Clausthal, Leibnizstrasse 10, 38678 Clausthal-Zellerfeld (Germany)

2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kinematic structural analysis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

ROLE OF SOIL BEHAVIOR ON THE INITIAL KINEMATICS OF TSUNAMIGENIC SLIDES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ROLE OF SOIL BEHAVIOR ON THE INITIAL KINEMATICS OF TSUNAMIGENIC SLIDES A.S. BRADSHAW Department acceleration of the failure itself. In a number of these studies, a translational slide is modeled as a rigid body sliding down an inclined plane and basal resistance is neglected. In this paper, a similar rigid

Grilli, Stéphan T.

322

Kinematics and Sedimentary Balance of the Sub-Himalayan Zone, Western Nepal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kinematics and Sedimentary Balance of the Sub-Himalayan Zone, Western Nepal Laurent Husson1 behavior of the prism, extrapolation of the sediment transfer to the entire western Nepal Siwalik is valid balance of the Sub-Himalayan Zone, western Nepal, in K. R. McClay, ed., Thrust tectonics and hydrocarbon

Husson, Laurent

323

Beating the Bubble: Using Kinematic Triggering in the Bubble Lens for Acquiring Small, Dense Targets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Beating the Bubble: Using Kinematic Triggering in the Bubble Lens for Acquiring Small, Dense Seattle, WA 98195 USA {memott, wobbrock}@uw.edu ABSTRACT We present the Bubble Lens, a new target acquisition technique that remedies the limitations of the Bubble Cursor to increase the speed and accuracy

Wobbrock, Jacob O.

324

A Kinematic Measurement of Ram Pressure in the Outer Disk of Regular Galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

While most ram pressure studies have focused on ram pressure stripping in galaxy clusters, we devise a novel approach based on a kinematic measurement of ram pressure perturbations in HI velocity fields for intergalactic material (IGM) densities and relative velocities that are one to two orders of magnitude lower than in galaxies showing ram pressure stripping. Our model evaluates ram pressure induced kinematic terms in gas disks with constant inclination as well as those with a warped geometry. Ram pressure perturbations are characterized by kinematic modes of even order, m=0 and m=2, corresponding to a ram wind perpendicular and parallel to the gas disk, respectively. Long-term consequences of ram pressure, such as warped disks as well as uncertainties in the disk geometry typically generate uneven modes (m=1 and m=3), that are clearly distinguishable from the kinematic ram pressure terms. We have applied our models to three nearby isolated galaxies, utilizing Markov Chain Monte Carlo fitting routines to d...

Haan, Sebastian

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

PHYS 101 Lecture 13 -Rotational kinematics 13 -1 2001 by David Boal, Simon Fraser University. All rights reserved; further copying or resale is strictly prohibited.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

kinematics What's important: · definitions of angular variables · angular kinematics Demonstrations: · ball on a string, wheel Text: Walker, Secs. 10.1, 10.2, 10.3 Problems: We now consider a type of motion in which

Boal, David

326

INTERNAL STELLAR KINEMATICS OF M32 FROM THE SPLASH SURVEY: DARK HALO CONSTRAINTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of the SPLASH survey of the Andromeda (M31) system, we have obtained Keck/DEIMOS spectra of the compact elliptical (cE) satellite M32. This is the first resolved-star kinematical study of any cE galaxy. In contrast to most previous kinematical studies that extended out to r {approx}< 30'' {approx} 1 r {sup eff} {sub I} {approx} 100 pc, we measure the rotation curve and velocity dispersion profile out to r {approx} 250'' and higher order Gauss-Hermite moments out to r {approx} 70''. We achieve this by combining integrated-light spectroscopy at small radii (where crowding/blending are severe) with resolved stellar spectroscopy at larger radii, using spatial and kinematical information to account statistically for M31 contamination. The rotation curve and velocity dispersion profile extend well beyond the radius (r {approx} 150'') where the isophotes are distorted. Unlike NGC 205, another close dwarf companion of M31, M32's kinematics appear regular and symmetric and do not show obvious sharp gradients across the region of isophotal elongation and twists. We interpret M31's kinematics using three-integral axisymmetric dynamical equilibrium models constructed using Schwarzschild's orbit superposition technique. Models with a constant mass-to-light ratio can fit the data remarkably well. However, since such a model requires an increasing tangential anisotropy with radius, invoking the presence of an extended dark halo may be more plausible. Such an extended dark halo is definitely required to bind a half-dozen fast-moving stars observed at the largest radii, but these stars may not be an equilibrium component of M32.

Howley, K. M. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, P.O. Box 808, Livermore, CA 94551 (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, P.O. Box 808, Livermore, CA 94551 (United States); Guhathakurta, P. [UCO/Lick Observatory, University of California Santa Cruz, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)] [UCO/Lick Observatory, University of California Santa Cruz, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Van der Marel, R.; Kalirai, J. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)] [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Geha, M. [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06510 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06510 (United States); Yniguez, B. [Physics and Astronomy Department, University of California, Irvine, 4129 Frederick Reines Hall, Irvine, CA 92697 (United States)] [Physics and Astronomy Department, University of California, Irvine, 4129 Frederick Reines Hall, Irvine, CA 92697 (United States); Kirby, E. [Department of Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Blvd, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Blvd, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Cuillandre, J.-C. [Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope, 65-1238 Mamalahoa Hwy, Kamuela, HI 96743 (United States)] [Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope, 65-1238 Mamalahoa Hwy, Kamuela, HI 96743 (United States); Gilbert, K., E-mail: howley1@llnl.gov, E-mail: raja@ucolick.org, E-mail: marel@stsci.edu, E-mail: jkalirai@stsci.edu, E-mail: marla.geha@yale.edu, E-mail: byniguez@uci.edu, E-mail: enk@astro.caltech.edu, E-mail: jcc@cfht.hawaii.edu, E-mail: kgilbert@astro.washington.edu [Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States)

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

On Einstein-Cartan Theory: I. Kinematical description  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Equations of motion for general gravitational connection and orthonormal coframe from the Einstein-Hilbert type action are derived. Additional gauge freedom is geometrically interpreted. Our formulation does not fix coframe to be tangential to spatial section hence Lorentz group is still present as a part of gauge freedom. 3+1 decomposition introduces tangent Minkowski structures hence Hamilton-Dirac approach to dynamics works with Lorentz connection over the spatial section. The second class constraints are analyzed and Dirac bracket is defined. Reduction of the phase space is performed and canonical coordinates are introduced.

Pilc, Marián

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

On Einstein-Cartan Theory: I. Kinematical description  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Equations of motion for general gravitational connection and orthonormal coframe from the Einstein-Hilbert type action are derived. Our formulation does not fix coframe to be tangential to spatial section hence Lorentz group is still present as a part of gauge freedom. 3+1 decomposition introduces tangent Minkowski structures hence Hamilton-Dirac approach to dynamics works with Lorentz connection over the spatial section. The second class constraints are analyzed and Dirac bracket is defined. Reduction of the phase space is performed and canonical coordinates are introduced.

Marián Pilc

2013-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

329

Kinematics and thermodynamics across a propagating non-stoichiometric oxidation phase front in spent fuel grains  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spent fuel contains mixtures, alloy and compound, but are dominated by U and O except for some UO{sub 2} fuels with burnable poisons (gadolinia in BWR rods), the other elements evolve during reactor operation from neutron reaction and fission + fission decay events. Due to decay, chemical composition and activity of spent fuel will continue to evolve after removal from reactors. During the time interval with significant radioactivity levels relevant for a geological repository, it is important to develop models for potential chemical responses in spent fuel and potential degradation of repository. One such potential impact is the oxidation of spent fuel, which results in initial phase change of UO{sub 2} lattice to U{sub 4}O{sub 9} and the next phase change is probably to U{sub 3}O{sub 8} although it has not been observed yet below 200C. The U{sub 4}O{sub 9} lattice is nonstoichiometric with a O/U weight ratio at 2.4. Preliminary indications are that the UO{sub 2} has a O/U of 2. 4 at the time just before it transforms into the U{sub 4}O{sub 9} phase. In the oxygen weight gain versus time response, a plateau appears as the O/U approaches 2.4. Part of this plateau is due to geometrical effects of a U{sub 4}O{sub 9} phase change front propagating into UO{sub 2} grain volumes; however, this may indicate a metastable phase change delay kinetics or a diffusional related delay time until the oxygen density can satisfy stoichiometry and energy conditions for phase changes. Experimental data show a front of U{sub 4}O{sub 9} lattice structure propagating into grains of the UO{sub 2} lattice. To describe this spatially inhomogenous oxidation phase transition, as well as the expected U{sub 3}O{sub 8} phase transition from the U{sub 4}O{sub 9} lattice, lattice models are developed and spatially discontinuous kinematic and energetic expressions are derived. 9 refs.

Stout, R.B.; Kansa, E.J.; Wijesinghe, A.M.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Int. J. Patt. Recog. Art. Intell., Special Issue on MR Brain Image Analysis, 1997 1 An Integrated Approach for Locating Neuroanatomical Structure from MRI1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Int. J. Patt. Recog. Art. Intell., Special Issue on MR Brain Image Analysis, 1997 1 An Integrated Approach for Locating Neuroanatomical Structure from MRI1 Lawrence H. Staib , Amit Chakrabortyy and James S results on synthetic and MR brain images show a significant improvement is achieved as a consequence

Duncan, James S.

331

Int. J. Patt. Recog. Art. Intell., Special Issue on MR Brain Image Analysis, 1997 1 An Integrated Approach for Locating Neuroanatomical Structure from MRI 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Int. J. Patt. Recog. Art. Intell., Special Issue on MR Brain Image Analysis, 1997 1 An Integrated Approach for Locating Neuroanatomical Structure from MRI 1 Lawrence H. Staib \\Lambda , Amit Chakraborty y gradient­ based surface finder. Experimental results on synthetic and MR brain images show a significant

332

Identification and analysis of the human murine putative chromatin structure regulator SUPT6H and Supt6h  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have isolated and sequenced SUPT6H and Supt6h, the human and murine homologues of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Caenorhabditis elegans genes SPT6 (P using 1603 aa = 6.7 e-{sup 95}) and emb-5 (P using 1603 aa = 7.0 e-{sup 288}), respectively. The human and murine SPT6 homologues are virtually identical, as they share >98% identity and >99% similarity at the protein level. The derived amino acid sequences of these two genes predict a 1603-aa protein (human) and a 1726-bp protein (mouse), respectively. There were several known features, including a highly acidic 5{prime}-region, a degenerate SH2 domain, and a leucine zipper. These features are consistent with a nuclear protein that regulates transcription, whose extreme conservation underscores the likely importance of this gene in mammalian development. Expression of human and murine SPT6 homologues was analyzed by Northern blotting, which revealed a 7.0-kb transcript that was expressed constitutively. The SPT6 homologue was mapped to chromosome 17q11.2 in human by somatic cell hybrid analysis and in situ hybridization. These data indicate that SUPT6H and Supt6h are functionally analogous to SPT6 and emb-5 and may therefore regulate transcription through establishment or maintenance of chromatin structure. 23 refs., 3 figs.

Chiang, Pei-Wen; Wang, SuQing; Hillman, J. [Univ. of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)] [and others] [Univ. of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); and others

1996-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

333

DRAFT DO NOT QUOTE Energy Prices and Energy Intensity in China: A Structural Decomposition Analysis and Econometrics Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since the start of its economic reforms in 1978, China's energy prices relative to other prices have increased. At the same time, its energy intensity, i.e., energy consumption per unit of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), has declined dramatically, by about 70%, in spite of increases in energy consumption. Is this just a coincidence? Or does a systematic relationship exist between energy prices and energy intensity? In this study, we examine whether and how China’s energy price changes affect its energy intensity trend during 1980-2002 at a macro level. We conduct the research by using two complementary economic models: the input-output-based structural decomposition analysis (SDA) and econometric regression models and by using a decomposition method of own-price elasticity of energy intensity. Findings include a negative own-price elasticity of energy intensity, a price-inducement effect on energyefficiency improvement, and a greater sensitivity (in terms of the reaction of energy intensity towards changes in energy prices) of the industry sector, compared to the overall economy. Analysts can use these results as a starting point for China's energy and carbon

Xiaoyu Shi; Karen R. Polenske; Xiaoyu Shi; Karen R. Polenske

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Lagrangian analysis of the vertical structure of eddies simulated in the Japan Basin of the Japan/East Sea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The output from an eddy-resolved multi-layered circulation model is used to analyze the vertical structure of simulated deep-sea eddies in the Japan Basin of the Japan/East Sea constrained by bottom topography. We focus on Lagrangian analysis of anticyclonic eddies, generated in the model in a typical year approximately at the place of the mooring and the hydrographic sections, where such eddies have been regularly observed in different years (1993--1997, 1999--2001). Using a quasi-3D computation of the finite-time Lyapunov exponents and displacements for a large number of synthetic tracers in each depth layer, we demonstrate how the simulated feature evolves of the eddy, that does not reach the surface in summer, into a one reaching the surface in fall. This finding is confirmed by computing deformation of the model layers across the simulated eddy in zonal and meridional directions and in the corresponding temperature cross sections. Computed Lagrangian tracking maps allow to trace the origin and fate of wa...

Prants, S V; Budyansky, M V; Uleysky, M Yu; Fyman, P A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Kinematics of classical Cepheids in the Nuclear Stellar Disk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Classical Cepheids are useful tracers of the Galactic young stellar population because their distances and ages can be determined from their period-luminosity and period-age relations. In addition, the radial velocities and chemical abundance of the Cepheids can be derived from spectroscopic observations, providing further insights into the structure and evolution of the Galaxy. Here, we report the radial velocities of classical Cepheids near the Galactic Center, three of which were reported in 2011, the other reported for the first time. The velocities of these Cepheids suggest that the stars orbit within the Nuclear Stellar Disk, a group of stars and interstellar matter occupying a region of 200 pc around the Center, although the three-dimensional velocities cannot be determined until the proper motions are known. According to our simulation, these four Cepheids formed within the Nuclear Stellar Disk like younger stars and stellar clusters therein.

Matsunaga, N; Yamamoto, R; Kobayashi, N; Inno, L; Genovali, K; Bono, G; Baba, J; Fujii, M S; Kondo, S; Ikeda, Y; Hamano, S; Nishiyama, S; Nagata, T; Aoki, W; Tsujimoto, T

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Assessing Stability of the Knee In Vitro Using Envelope Normalized Kinematics and Principal Component Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

!""#""$%&'()*+$,$)-'./')0#'1%##'2%'3$)4.'5"$%&'6%7#,.8#'9.4:*,$;#4$%=$8*,'?.:8.%#%)'!%*,-"$"'''For Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the degree of Master of Science'''!"#$%&'()#*"+,&&&Experimental Joint Biomechanics... Luchies, Committee member Dr. Sarah Kieweg, Committee member _____________________________ Date Defended&&&'''& ! ""! #$%!#$%&"&!'())"**%%!+(,!-."*/!012"3.,(!2%,*"+"%&!*$.*!*$"&!"&!*$%!.44,(5%6!5...

Fucinaro, Kaity

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

337

HANFORD DOUBLE SHELL TANK (DST) THERMAL & SEISMIC PROJECT ESTABLISHMENT OF METHODOLOGY FOR TIME DOMAIN SOIL STRUCTURE INTERACTION ANALYSIS OF HANFORD DST  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

M&D Professional Services, Inc. (M&D) is under subcontract to Pacific Northwest National Laboratories (PNNL) to perform seismic analysis of the Hanford Site Double-Shell Tanks (DSTs) in support of a project entitled ''Double-Shell Tank DSV Integrity Project-DST Thermal and Seismic Analyses''. The overall scope of the project is to complete an up-to-date comprehensive analysis of record of the DST System at Hanford in support of Tri-Party Agreement Milestone M-48-14. The thermal and operating loads analysis of the DSTs is documented in Rinker et al. (2004). The work statement provided to M&D (PNNL 2003) required that the seismic analysis of the DST assess the impacts of potentially non-conservative assumptions in previous analyses and account for the additional soil mass due to the as-found soil density increase, the effects of material degradation, additional thermal profiles applied to the full structure including the soil-structure response with the footings, the non-rigid (low frequency) response of the tank roof, the asymmetric seismic-induced soil loading, the structural discontinuity between the concrete tank wall and the support footing and the sloshing of the tank waste. The seismic analysis considers the interaction of the tank with the surrounding soil, and the effects of the primary tank contents. The DST and the surrounding soil are modeled as a system of finite elements. The depth and width of the soil incorporated into the analysis model are sufficient to obtain appropriately accurate analytical results. The analyses required to support the work statement differ from previous analysis of the DSTs in that the soil-structure interaction (SSI) model includes several (nonlinear) contact surfaces in the tank structure, and the contained waste must be modeled explicitly in order to capture the fluid-structure interaction behavior between the primary tank and contained waste. Soil-structure interaction analyses are traditionally solved in the frequency domain, but frequency domain analysis is limited to systems with linear responses. The nonlinear character of the coupled SSI model and tank structural model requires that the seismic analysis be solved in the time domain. However, time domain SSI analysis is somewhat nontraditional and requires that the appropriate methodology be developed and demonstrated. Moreover, the analysis of seismically induced fluid-structure interaction between the explicitly modeled waste and the primary tank must be benchmarked against known solutions to simpler problems before being applied to the more complex analysis of the DSTs. The objective of this investigation is to establish the methodology necessary to perform the required SSI analysis of the DSTs in the time domain. Specifically, the analysis establishes the capabilities and limitations of the time domain codes ANSYS and Dytran for performing seismic SSI analysis of the DSTs. The benchmarking of the codes Dytran and ANSYS for performing seismically induced fluid-structure interaction (FSI) between the contained waste and the DST primary tank are documented in Abatt (2006) and Carpenter and Abatt (2006), respectively. The results of those two studies show that both codes have the capability to analyze the fluid-structure interaction behavior of the primary tank and contained waste. As expected, Dytran appears to have more robust capabilities for FSI analysis. The ANSYS model used in that study captures much of the FSI behavior, but does have some limitations for predicting the convective response of the waste and possibly the response of the waste in the knuckle region of the primary tank. While Dytran appears to have somewhat stronger capabilities for the analysis of the FSI behavior in the primary tank, it is more practical for the overall analysis to use ANSYS. Thus, Dytran served the purpose of helping to identify limitations in the ANSYS FSI analysis so that those limitations can be addressed in the structural evaluation of the primary tank. The limitations of ANSYS for predicting the details of the convective

MACKEY, T.C.

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

338

Automated Kinematics Equations Generation and Constrained Motion Planning Resolution for Modular and Reconfigurable Robots  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Contrary to the repetitive tasks performed by industrial robots, the tasks in most DOE missions such as environmental restoration or Decontamination and Decommissioning (D&D) can be characterized as ''batches-of-one'', in which robots must be capable of adapting to changes in constraints, tools, environment, criteria and configuration. No commercially available robot control code is suitable for use with such widely varying conditions. In this talk we present our development of a ''generic code'' to allow real time (at loop rate) robot behavior adaptation to changes in task objectives, tools, number and type of constraints, modes of controls or kinematics configuration. We present the analytical framework underlying our approach and detail the design of its two major modules for the automatic generation of the kinematics equations when the robot configuration or tools change and for the motion planning under time-varying constraints. Sample problems illustrating the capabilities of the developed system are presented.

Pin, Francois G.; Love, Lonnie L.; Jung, David L.

2004-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

339

Simulation, experimental validation and kinematic optimization of a Stirling engine using air and helium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A Stirling engine with nominal output power of 1 kW is tested using air and helium as working gases. The influence of working pressure, engine speed and temperature of the hot source is studied, analyzing instantaneous gas pressure as well as instantaneous and stationary temperature at different positions to derive the effective power. A zero dimensional finite-time thermodynamic, three zones model of a generic Stirling engine is developed and successfully validated against experimental gas temperature and pressure in each zone, providing the effective power. This validation underlines the interest of different working gases as well as different geometric configurations for different applications. Furthermore, the validated model allows parametric studies of the engine, with regard to geometry, working gas and engine kinematics. It is used in order to optimize the kinematic of a Stirling engine for different working points and gases.

Juliette Bert; Daniela Chrenko; Tonino Sophy; Luis Le Moyne; Frédéric Sirot

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Analysis of structural and electronic properties of Pr2NiO4 through first-principles calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The structural and electronic properties of bulk Pr2NiO4+? (? = 0 and 0.031) were analyzed using first-principles calculations based on the density functional theory (DFT) for application to electrode materials in solid-oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). Two structures of Pr2NiO4 were analyzed: one in space group I4/mmm associated with the high temperature tetragonal (HTT) structure, and the other in Bmab with the low temperature orthorhombic (LTO) structure. The main difference between the two structures is the pronounced tilting of the nickelate octahedra found in the Bmab structure. Here, we will show that the difference in the electronic properties between the two structures, i.e. half-metallic for the I4/mmm structure and metallic for the Bmab structure, is attributed to the tilting of the nickelate octahedra. Furthermore, we found that the presence of interstitial O atoms at the Pr2O2 bilayers is responsible for the tilting of the octahedra and thus is a dominant factor in the transition from the I4/mmm structure to the Bmab structure. These results would be of great significance to materials design related to the enhancement of O diffusivity in this material.

S M Aspera; M Sakaue; T D K Wungu; M Alaydrus; T P T Linh; H Kasai; M Nakanishi; T Ishihara

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kinematic structural analysis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

The Kinematics and Dynamics of the Globular Clusters and the Planetary Nebulae of NGC 5128  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new kinematic and dynamic study of the halo of the giant elliptical galaxy, NGC 5128, is presented. From a spectroscopically confirmed sample of 340 globular clusters and 780 planetary nebulae, the rotation amplitude, rotation axis, velocity dispersion, and the total dynamical mass are determined for the halo of NGC 5128. The globular cluster kinematics were searched for both radial dependence and metallicity dependence by subdividing the globular cluster sample into 158 metal-rich ([Fe/H] > -1.0) and 178 metal-poor ([Fe/H] < -1.0) globular clusters. Our results show the kinematics of the metal-rich and metal-poor subpopulations are quite similar. The kinematics are compared to the planetary nebula population where differences are apparent in the outer regions of the halo. The total mass of NGC 5128 is found using the Tracer Mass estimator (Evans et al. 2003), to determine the mass supported by internal random motions, and the spherical component of the Jeans equation to determine the mass supported by rotation. We find a total mass of (1.0+/-0.2) x 10^(12) Msun from the planetary nebulae data out to a projected radius of 90 kpc and (1.3+/-0.5) x 10^(12) Msun from the globular clusters out to a projected radius of 50 kpc. Lastly, we present a new and homogeneous catalog of known globular clusters in NGC 5128. This catalog combines all previous definitive cluster identifications from radial velocity studies and HST imaging studies, as well as 80 new globular clusters from a study of M.A. Beasley et al. (2007, in preparation).

Kristin A. Woodley; William E. Harris; Michael A. Beasley; Eric W. Peng; Terry J. Bridges; Duncan A. Forbes; Gretchen L. H. Harris

2007-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

342

Spatially Resolved Gas Kinematics within a Ly$\\alpha$ Nebula: Evidence for Large-scale Rotation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use spatially extended measurements of Ly$\\alpha$ as well as less optically thick emission lines from an $\\approx$80 kpc Ly$\\alpha$ nebula at $z\\approx1.67$ to assess the role of resonant scattering and to disentangle kinematic signatures from Ly$\\alpha$ radiative transfer effects. We find that the Ly$\\alpha$, CIV, HeII, and CIII] emission lines all tell a similar story in this system, and that the kinematics are broadly consistent with large-scale rotation. First, the observed surface brightness profiles are similar in extent in all four lines, strongly favoring a picture in which the Ly$\\alpha$ photons are produced in situ instead of being resonantly scattered from a central source. Second, we see low kinematic offsets between Ly$\\alpha$ and the less optically thick HeII line ($\\sim$100-200 km s$^{-1}$), providing further support for the argument that the Ly$\\alpha$ and other emission lines are all being produced within the spatially extended gas. Finally, the full velocity field of the system shows cohe...

Prescott, Moire K M; Dey, Arjun

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Integral-Field Stellar and Ionized Gas Kinematics of Peculiar Virgo Cluster Spiral Galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the stellar and ionized gas kinematics of 13 bright peculiar Virgo cluster galaxies observed with the DensePak Integral Field Unit at the WIYN 3.5-meter telescope, to seek kinematic evidence that these galaxies have experienced gravitational interactions or gas stripping. 2-Dimensional maps of the stellar velocity $V$, and stellar velocity dispersion $\\sigma$ and the ionized gas velocity (H$\\beta$ and/or [\\ion{O}{3}]) are presented for galaxies in the sample. The stellar rotation curves and velocity dispersion profiles are determined for 13 galaxies, and the ionized gas rotation curves are determined for 6 galaxies. Misalignments between the optical and kinematical major axis are found in several galaxies. While in some cases this is due to a bar, in other cases it seems associated with a gravitational interaction or ongoing ram pressure stripping. Non-circular gas motions are found in nine galaxies, with various causes including bars, nuclear outflows, or gravitational disturbances. Several galaxi...

Cortés, J R; Hardy, E

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

SPATIAL ANISOTROPY OF GALAXY KINEMATICS IN SLOAN DIGITAL SKY SURVEY GALAXY CLUSTERS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Measurements of galaxy cluster kinematics are important in understanding the dynamical state and evolution of clusters of galaxies, as well as constraining cosmological models. While it is well established that clusters exhibit non-spherical geometries, evident in the distribution of galaxies on the sky, azimuthal variations of galaxy kinematics within clusters have yet to be observed. Here we measure the azimuthal dependence of the line-of-sight velocity dispersion profile in a stacked sample of 1743 galaxy clusters from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). The clusters are drawn from the SDSS DR8 redMaPPer catalog. We find that the line-of-sight velocity dispersion of galaxies lying along the major axis of the central galaxy is larger than those that lie along the minor axis. This is the first observational detection of anisotropic kinematics of galaxies in clusters. We show that the result is consistent with predictions from numerical simulations. Furthermore, we find that the degree of projected anisotropy is strongly dependent on the line-of-sight orientation of the galaxy cluster, opening new possibilities for assessing systematics in optical cluster finding.

Skielboe, Andreas; Wojtak, Radoslaw; Pedersen, Kristian [Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, DK-2100 Copenhagen (Denmark); Rozo, Eduardo [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States); Rykoff, Eli S. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States)

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

345

968 jf.R.Macdonald so much. It seems that this time we have to abandon the details of kinematics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

968 jf.R.Macdonald so much. It seems that this time we have to abandon the details of kinematics Materials BY J. R. MACDONALD* Clarendon Laboratory, Oxford Communicatedby -7. H. E. Grifiths; MS. receaved

Macdonald, James Ross

346

Comparison of Ankle Kinematics between Soft and Semi-Rigid Ankle Orthoses for Field-Sport Activities .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Purpose of study: Examine ASO (soft) and Malleoloc semi-rigid stirrup (SRS) ankle orthosis designs on ankle kinematics during field-sport movements: sprint, one-legged jump, and 45-degree… (more)

Becker, Shannon

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Process failure modes and effects analysis (PFMEA): A structured approach for quality improvement in the metal forming industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) is one potential tool with extended use ... minimize the risk of failure occurrence. The FMEA technique is used in the design stage ... use of risk analysis methods, such...

George Pantazopoulos; George Tsinopoulos

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Analysis of biomimetics in the application of robotic locomotion with a focus on structures, materials and dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biomimetics is the study and analysis of natural systems to inform engineering design and technology development. Through interdisciplinary research and analysis of natural phenomena, engineers are able to gain valuable ...

Miller, Ari Parsons

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Identification of ‘Carbon Hot-Spots’ and Quantification of GHG Intensities in the Biodiesel Supply Chain Using Hybrid LCA and Structural Path Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Identification of ‘Carbon Hot-Spots’ and Quantification of GHG Intensities in the Biodiesel Supply Chain Using Hybrid LCA and Structural Path Analysis ... Life cycle assessments (LCA) of biodiesel to evaluate its environmental impacts have, however, remained questionable, mainly because of the adoption of a traditional process analysis approach resulting in system boundary truncation and because of issues regarding the impacts of land use change and N2O emissions from fertilizer application. ... In this study, a hybrid LCA methodology is used to evaluate the life cycle CO2 equivalent emissions of rape methyl ester (RME) biodiesel. ...

Adolf A. Acquaye; Thomas Wiedmann; Kuishang Feng; Robert H. Crawford; John Barrett; Johan Kuylenstierna; Aidan P. Duffy; S. C. Lenny Koh; Simon McQueen-Mason

2011-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

350

Molecular Cell, Vol. 20, 855866, December 22, 2005, Copyright 2005 by Elsevier Inc. DOI 10.1016/j.molcel.2005.11.003 Structural Analysis of the Anaphase-Promoting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.molcel.2005.11.003 Structural Analysis of the Anaphase-Promoting Complex Reveals Multiple Active Sites of Structural Biology The Institute of Cancer Research Chester Beatty Laboratories 237 Fulham Road London, SW3 6 is limited. Here, we deter- mined the structure of yeast APC/C by cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM). Docking

Passmore, Lori A.

351

Structural Analysis of Phospholipase A2 from Functional Perspective. 1. Functionally Relevant Solution Structure and Roles of the Hydrogen-Bonding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from the crystal structure: the first three residues at the N-terminus, the calcium-binding loop (Y25-T36), and the surface loop (V63-N72) appear to be flexible; the R-helical conformation of helix B (E17.1.1.4), part of the growing PLA2 super family (1, 2), are calcium-dependent lipolytic enzymes. The enzymes

Tsai, Ming-Daw

352

Automated 3D trabecular bone structure analysis of the proximal femur—prediction of biomechanical strength by CT and DXA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

z ORIGINAL ARTICLE Automated 3D trabecular bone structureIntroduction An automated 3D segmentation algorithm wasstudy was to use an automated 3D segmentation algorithm to

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Electronic structure analysis of 4-chlorophenylisoxazoles and 4-chloroisoxazolines by35Cl NQR spectra and quantum chemical calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electronic structure of substituted phenylisoxazoles and substituted isoxazolines...35Cl NQR and MINDO/3 calculations. It is shown that the chlorine atom...

O. Kh. Poleshchuk; Ya. Koput; T. A. Babushkina…

354

Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Analysis Analysis of Short-Bunch Production with the APS Booster and a Bunch Compressor Michael Borland, AOD/OAG ∗ August 8, 2003 1 Abstract There is significant interest among x-ray scientists in short-pulse x-rays. The x-rays from the APS ring, although very bright, are produced by an electron bunch with an rms length of more than 30 ps. Typically, it is only a linear accelerator that can produce a very short bunch. An idea was brought to my attention by Glenn Decker that might allow us to produce a short bunch using the APS booster. This idea involves extracting the beam from the booster at 3 to 4 GeV, while it is still relatively short, then compressing it with a magnetic bunch compressor. In this note, we present a preliminary analysis of this idea, along with the related idea of using a nonequilibrium beam from the APS photoinjector. 2 Background We will begin with an examination of the ideal result

355

Structural and Energetic Analysis of MgxM1?x(OH)2 (M = Zn, Cu or Ca) Brucite-Like Compounds by DFT Calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Structural and Energetic Analysis of MgxM1?x(OH)2 (M = Zn, Cu or Ca) Brucite-Like Compounds by DFT Calculations ... Brucite-like mixed hydroxides of the general formula MgxM1?x(OH)2 for M = Zn, Cu or Ca were studied by density functional theory within pseudopotential approximation, plane waves basis set, and periodic boundary conditions. ... Brucite, which is the mineral form of magnesium hydroxide, is a commonly occurring material. ...

Deyse G. Costa; Alexandre B. Rocha; Wladmir F. Souza; Sandra Shirley X. Chiaro; Alexandre A. Leitão

2008-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

356

Lifetime measurement of candidate chiral doublet bands in the Rh103,104 isotopes with the recoil-distance Doppler-shift method in inverse kinematics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lifetimes of chiral candidate structures in Rh103,104 were measured using the recoil distance Doppler-shift method. The Gammasphere detector array was used in conjunction with the Cologne plunger device. Excited states of Rh103,104 were populated by the 11B(96Zr,4n)103Rh and 11B(96Zr,3n)104Rh fusion-evaporation reactions in inverse kinematics. Three and five lifetimes of levels belonging to the proposed chiral doublet bands are measured in Rh103 and Rh104, respectively. The previously observed even-odd spin dependence of the B(M1)/B(E2) values is caused by the variation in the B(E2) values, whereas the B(M1) values decrease as a function of spin.

T. Suzuki; G. Rainovski; T. Koike; T. Ahn; M. P. Carpenter; A. Costin; M. Danchev; A. Dewald; R. V. F. Janssens; P. Joshi; C. J. Lister; O. Möller; N. Pietralla; T. Shinozuka; J. Timár; R. Wadsworth; C. Vaman; S. Zhu

2008-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

357

Reconstructing the past: architectural analysis of communal structures at the NAN Ranch ruin (LA2465), Grant County, New Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for this work. The purpose of this study was threefold: a) to present detailed descriptions of those structures believed to have served in a communal or integrative capacity; b) to trace the development of this structure type from its first known manifestations...

Burden, Damon Andrew

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

358

Structural Analysis of a Fiber-Pseudotyped Adenovirus with Ocular Tropism Suggests Differential Modes of Cell Receptor Interactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...rigid but exhibit a bent or kinked conformation...that the fiber is bent (). The central...b-repeat. Several crystal structures of the...function equation (spherical aberration constant...expected from the crystal structures of knobs...the Ad2 fiber is bent and likely flexible...

Charles Y. Chiu; Eugene Wu; Swati L. Brown; Dan J. Von Seggern; Glen R. Nemerow; Phoebe L. Stewart

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Fluid structure interaction modelling for the vibration of tube bundles, part I: analysis of the fluid flow in a tube bundle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is well known that a fluid may strongly influence the dynamic behaviour of a structure. Many different physical phenomena may take place, depending on the conditions: fluid flow, fluid at rest, little or high displacements of the structure. Inertial effects can take place, with lower vibration frequencies, dissipative effects also, with damping, instabilities due to the fluid flow (Fluid Induced Vibration). In this last case the structure is excited by the fluid. Tube bundles structures are very common in the nuclear industry. The reactor cores and the steam generators are both structures immersed in a fluid which may be submitted to a seismic excitation or an impact. In this case the structure moves under an external excitation, and the movement is influence by the fluid. The main point in such system is that the geometry is complex, and could lead to very huge sizes for a numerical analysis. Homogenization models have been developed based on the Euler equations for the fluid. Only inertial effects are taken into account. A next step in the modelling is to build models based on the homogenization of the Navier-Stokes equations. The papers presents results on an important step in the development of such model: the analysis of the fluid flow in a oscillating tube bundle. The analysis are made from the results of simulations based on the Navier-Stokes equations for the fluid. Comparisons are made with the case of the oscillations of a single tube, for which a lot of results are available in the literature. Different fluid flow pattern may be found, depending in the Reynolds number (related to the velocity of the bundle) and the Keulegan Carpenter number (related to the displacement of the bundle). A special attention is paid to the quantification of the inertial and dissipative effects, and to the forces exchanges between the bundle and the fluid. The results of such analysis will be used in the building of models based on the homogenization of the Navier-Stokes equations for the fluid. (authors)

Desbonnets, Quentin; Broc, Daniel [CEA, Lab Etudes Mecan Sism, DEN, SEMT, DM2S, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, (France)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

DENSITY AND KINEMATIC CUSPS IN M54 AT THE HEART OF THE SAGITTARIUS DWARF GALAXY: EVIDENCE FOR A 10{sup 4} M {sub sun} BLACK HOLE?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the detection of a stellar density cusp and a velocity dispersion increase in the center of the globular cluster M54, located at the center of the Sagittarius dwarf galaxy (Sgr). The central line-of-sight velocity dispersion is 20.2 {+-} 0.7 km s{sup -1}, decreasing to 16.4 {+-} 0.4 km s{sup -1} at 2.''5 (0.3 pc). Modeling the kinematics and surface density profiles as the sum of a King model and a point-mass yields a black hole mass of {approx}9400 M {sub sun}. However, the observations can alternatively be explained if the cusp stars possess moderate radial anisotropy. A Jeans analysis of the Sgr nucleus reveals a strong tangential anisotropy, probably a relic from the formation of the system.

Ibata, R.; Varghese, A. [Observatoire Astronomique, Universite de Strasbourg, CNRS, 11, rue de l'Universite, F-67000 Strasbourg (France); Bellazzini, M. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, 40127, Bologna (Italy); Chapman, S. C.; Irwin, M. [Institute of Astronomy, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA (United Kingdom); Dalessandro, E.; Ferraro, F.; Lanzoni, B.; Miocchi, P. [Dipartimento di Astronomia, Universita'degli Studi di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, I-40127 Bologna (Italy); Lewis, G. F. [Institute of Astronomy, School of Physics, A29 University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Mackey, A. D. [Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ (United Kingdom)], E-mail: ibata@astro.u-strasbg.fr

2009-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kinematic structural analysis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Kinematic Viscosity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

n (kinetic viscosity) The absolute (dynamic) viscosity of a fluid divided by the density...2/s, but the cgs unit, the stoke, which equals 10?4 m2/s, is still in wide use, as is its submultiple, the c...

Jan W. Gooch

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Population structure of spotted seatrout, Cynoscion nebulosus, in Texas bays and estuaries as revealed by analysis of microsatellite DNA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). Microsatellites are short, repetitive stretches of DNA composed of tandem repeat units. Microsatellites are thought to be ideal genetic markers for studies of population structure because they are inherited in a Mendelian fashion, highly polymorphic, and easy...

Stewart, Leah Beth

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

363

Analysis of the structural parameters that influence gas production from the Devonian shale. Annual progress report, 1979-1980  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The executive study presents the results and progress of efforts toward understanding shale gas production from the Devonian shale in Appalachia. A correlation was found between the geochemical parameters of the shale in eastern Kentucky and shale gas production there. Tasks on resource inventory tasks and shale characterization include regional structure studies, production studies, geophysical studies, structure studies, fracture density and orientation, and fracture studies. (DLC)

Negus-de Wys, J.; Dixon, J. M.; Evans, M. A.; Lee, K. D.; Ruotsala, J. E.; Wilson, T. H.; Williams, R. T.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Nuclear structure and reactions with stored nuclei  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of ion-storage rings is discussed for studies of nuclear reactions and structure, with emphasis on energetic beams of short- lived, radioactive nuclei. Aspects of internal versus external luminosity are considered as well as other issues connected with the inverse kinematics of reactions induced by a circulating beam of complex nuclei. Some of the physics motivation that is driving studies with radioactive beams is described.

Henning, W.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

365

On the kinematics and resolution of spectrometers for neutron Brillouin scattering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutron Brillouin scattering involves measurement of excitations at smaller Q values than in currently customary. We outline the kinematic constraints on scattering angle and incident energy for excitations with both linear dispersion (sound waves) and parabolic dispersion (ferromagnetic spin waves), and discuss the resolution characteristics of the chopper spectrometer proposed for LANSCE which should be suitable for such studies. In particular, we demonstrate that longitudinal resolution focusing can be exploited both in neutron energy gain and in neutron energy loss. 13 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab.

Robinson, R.A.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Kinematic Stirling engine as an energy conversion subsystem for paraboloidal dish solar thermal power plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The potential of a suitably designed and economically manufactured Stirling engine as the energy conversion subsystem of a paraboloidal dish-Stirling solar thermal power module has been estimated. Results obtained by elementary cycle analyses have been shown to match quite well the performance characteristics of an advanced kinematic Stirling engine, the United Stirling P-40, as established by current prototypes of the engine and by a more sophisticated analytic model of its advanced derivative. In addition to performance, brief consideration has been given to other Stirling engine criteria such as durability, reliability, and serviceability. Production costs have not been considered here.

Bowyer, J.M.

1984-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

367

Kinematic Stirling engine as an energy conversion subsystem for paraboloidal dish solar thermal plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The potential of a suitably designed and economically manufactured Stirling engine as the energy conversion subsystem of a paraboloidal dish-Stirling solar thermal power module was estimated. Results obtained by elementary cycle analyses were shown to match quite well the performance characteristics of an advanced kinematic Stirling engine, the United Stirling P-40, as established by current prototypes of the engine and by a more sophisticated analytic model of its advanced derivative. In addition to performance, brief consideration was given to other Stirling engine criteria such as durability, reliability, and serviceability. Production costs were not considered here.

Bowyer, J.M.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Testing the Self-Consistency of MOND With Three-Dimensional Galaxy Kinematics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a technique to test the idea that non-standard dynamics, rather than dark matter halos, might be responsible for the observed rotation curves of spiral galaxies. In the absence of non-luminous matter, a galactic disk's rotational velocity and its vertical velocity dispersion can be used jointly to test the self-consistency of the galaxy's dynamics. A specific illustrative example, using recent measurements of the disk kinematics of M33, shows this to be a promising approach to assess the viability of Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND).

Christopher W. Stubbs; Arti Garg

2005-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

369

Numerical analysis of convective heat transfer characteristics of supercritical hydrocarbon fuel in cooling panel with local flow blockage structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The convection heat transfer of hydrocarbon fuel at supercritical pressure has a great influence on the regenerative cooling technology of a scramjet engine. A three-dimensional numerical simulation was conducted for the convection transfer of hydrocarbon fuel in the cooling panel of a combustion chamber wall. And the flow field around the local flow blockage structure and the outlet flow rate distribution characteristics of fuel in the cooling channels were analyzed in detail. The results of analyses indicate that with the optimized local flow blockage structure, the outlet flow rate distribution of fuel among the cooling channels become more uniform, as the area of local flow dead zone decreases. However, as the fuel temperature increases, the dramatic variation of thermodynamic physical properties of fuel has a strong influence on the flow field around the local flow blockage structure. Especially, a local flow dead zone can be easily formed in the supercritical temperature region. Meanwhile, transverse pressure gradient around the throat region of blockage structure and additional loss, which is caused by turbulence fluctuation and energy exchange of fluid in the downstream area, affect the outlet flow rate distribution of fuel among the coolant passages seriously. It can therefore be concluded that the local flow blockage structure is more suitably designed in the subcritical temperature region by taking above-mentioned factors into consideration.

Yu Feng; Jiang Qin; Wen Bao; Qinchun Yang; Hongyan Huang; Zhongqi Wang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Characterization and Analysis Methods for the Examination of the Heterogeneous Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Electrode Microstructure, Part 1: Volumetric Measurements of the Heterogeneous Structure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Advanced imaging and characterization methods have permitted the 3-D and phase-specific reconstruction of dense and opaque samples with features that have a length scale on the order of tens of nanometers and comprised of materials with large X-ray mass absorption coefficients. Engineered materials, like those found in solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) electrodes, use complex materials that have often limited opportunities to perform 3-D characterization and analysis. Still, characterization and analysis methods are needed to better understand these structures and their functional impact. The development, verification, and validation of methods used by the authors for the characterization and analysis of the heterogeneous SOFC anode are discussed in this work. These methods include the measurement of the volume fractions of the individual phases, contiguity or volumetric connectivity, tortuosity, and interfacial properties. A second and complementary part of this work will examine quantitative methods that provide detailed descriptions of the structure and its relations to the transport processes that it must support. These efforts are intended to describe the formulation of methods developed to provide insight into the SOFC anode nano/microstructure.

Grew, Kyle N.; Peracchio, Aldo A.; Joshi, Abhijit S.; Izzo, Jr., John R.; Chiu, W. K. S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Design and analysis of algorithms and data structures for the efficient solution of graph theoretic problems on MIMD computers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The problem of developing efficient algorithms and data structures to solve graph theoretic problems on tightly-coupled MIMD comuters is addressed. Several approaches to parallelizing a serial algorithm are examined. A technique is developed which allows the prediction of the expected execution time of some kinds of parallel algorithms. This technique can be used to determine which parallel algorithm is best for a particular application. Two parallel approximate algorithms for the Euclidean traveling salesman problem are designed and analyzed. The algorithms are parallelizations of the farthest-insertion heuristic and Karp's partitioning algorithm. Software lockout, the delay of processes due to contention for shared data structure, can be a significant hindrance to obtaining satisfactory speedup. Using the tactics of indirection and replication, new data structures are devised which can reduce the severity of software lockout. Finally, an upper bound to the speedup of parallel branch-and-bound algorithms which use the best-bound search strategy is determined.

Quinn, M.J.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Structural analysis of inhibition of E. coli methionine aminopeptidase: implication of loop adaptability in selective inhibition of bacterial enzymes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

binding pocket and has direct contact with the bound inhibitors. Positional uncertainty of these atoms in the structures is reflected in their B-fac- tors. The B-factor values of atoms in this loop refined to high values in some of the structures (2EVM, 2... performed pair-wise comparisons using Cruickshank's diffraction precision index [34] with the addition of linear B-factor scaling as implemented in the program ESCET [35,36]. The C? carbons of residues Table 1: X-ray data collection and refinement statistics...

Ma, Ze-Qiang; Xie, Sheng-Xue; Huang, Qing-Qing; Nan, Fa-Jun; Hurley, Thomas D.; Ye, Qi-Zhuang

2007-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

373

Compact UHV system for fabrication and in situ analysis of electron beam deposited structures using a focused low energy electron beam  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A compact UHV system was developed in order to fabricate and analyze micro- and nanostructures on surfaces in situ. The system includes a low energy electron gun which provides a minimum spot size of {approx}25 nm in a diameter using electrostatic lenses, a cylindrical mirror analyzer for Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS), a low energy electron diffraction (LEED) optics, and a scintillation counter for scanning electron microscopy. Thus, we can analyze electronic states of specific microstructures on surfaces. In addition, we can fabricate microscopic structures artificially by means of scanning a focused electron beam. In this article, first we show the performance of the present analysis system. Next, we provide an example of the fabrication of iron microstructures by electron-induced deposition of iron pentacarbonyl [Fe(CO){sub 5}]. We successfully analyzed the amount and chemical states of deposited iron by AES in situ. We also investigated coverage dependence of electronic structure and surface periodic structure by EELS and LEED measurements, respectively. Thus, this system enables us to fabricate and analyze microscopic structures on surfaces in situ.

Kakefuda, Y.; Yamashita, Y.; Mukai, K.; Yoshinobu, J. [Institute for Solid State Physics, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8581 (Japan)

2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

374

An artificial neural network strategy for the forward kinematics of robot control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper is devoted to the development and implementation of the neural network technique to solve the forward kinematics problems of robot control, which are mainly singularities and non-linearities. In this paper, a network has been trained to learn the set of end effecter positions X, Y and Z from a given set of joint angle positions for a 6 D.O.F industrial robot. Training data sets were uniformly distributed over a particular region of the robot's working area so that the network can make good generalisation for the intermediate points. Experimental results have shown a good mapping over the working area for the robot. The proposed control technique does not require any prior knowledge of the kinematics model of the system to be controlled; the basic idea of this concept is to use a neural network to learn the characteristics of the robot system rather than having to specify explicit robot system model, which is a significant advantage of using neural network technology. Any modifications in the physical set-up of the system would involve only training the robot in a new path without the need for any major software modification.

Ali T. Hasan; A.M.S. Hamouda; N. Ismail; H.M.A.A. Al-Assadi

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

The White Dwarfs within 25 Parsecs of the Sun: Kinematics and Spectroscopic Subtypes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the fractional distribution of spectroscopic subtypes, range and distribution of surface temperatures, and kinematical properties of the white dwarfs within 25pc of the sun. There is no convincing evidence of halo white dwarfs in the total 25 pc sample of 224 white dwarfs. There is also little to suggest the presence of genuine thick disk subcomponent members within 25 parsecs. It appears that the entire 25 pc sample likely belong to the thin disk. We also find no significant kinematic differences with respect to spectroscopic subtypes. The total DA to non-DA ratio of the 25 pc sample is 1.8, a manifestation of deepening envelope convection which transforms DA stars with sufficiently thin H surface layers into non-DAs. We compare this ratio with the results of other studies. We find that at least 11% of the white dwarfs within 25 parsecs of the sun (the DAZ and DZ stars) have photospheric metals that likely originate from accretion of circumstellar material (debris disks) around them. If this inter...

Sion, E M; Oswalt, T D; McCook, G P; Wasatonic, R; Myszka, J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Stellar substructures in the solar neighbourhood IV. Kinematic Group 1 in the Geneva-Copenhagen survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We determine detailed elemental abundances in stars belonging to the so-called Group 1 of the Geneva-Copenhagen survey (GCS) and compare the chemical composition with the Galactic thin- and thick-disc stars, with the GCS Group 2 and Group 3 stars, as well as with several kinematic streams of similar metallicities. The aim is to search for chemical signatures that might give information about the formation history of this kinematic group of stars. High-resolution spectra were obtained with the Fibre-fed Echelle Spectrograph (FIES) spectrograph at the Nordic Optical Telescope, La Palma, and were analysed with a differential model atmosphere method. Comparison stars were observed and analysed with the same method. The average value of [Fe/H] for the 37 stars of Group 1 is -0.20 +- 0.14 dex. Investigated Group 1 stars can be separated into three age subgroups. Along with the main 8- and 12-Gyr-old populations, a subgroup of stars younger than 5 Gyr can be separated as well. Abundances of oxygen, alpha-elements, a...

Ženovien?, R; Nordström, B; Stonkut?, E; Barisevi?ius, G

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Inverse kinematics for optimal tool orientation control in 5-axis CNC machining  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The problem of determining the inputs to the rotary axes of a 5-axis CNC machine is addressed, such that relative variations of orientation between the tool axis and surface normal are minimized subject to the constraint of maintaining a constant cutting speed with a ball-end tool. In the context of an orientable-spindle machine, the results of a prior study are directly applicable to the solution of this inverse-kinematics problem. However, since they are expressed in terms of the integral of the geodesic curvature, a discrete time-step solution is proposed that yields accurate rotary-axis increments at high sampling frequencies. For an orientable-table machine, a closed-form solution that specifies the rotary-axis positions as functions of the surface normal variation along the toolpath is possible. In this context, however, the feasibility of a solution is dependent upon the surface normal along the toolpath satisfying certain orientational constraints. These inverse-kinematics solutions facilitate accurate and efficient 5-axis machining of free-form surfaces without “unnecessary” actuation of the machine rotary axes.

Rida T. Farouki; Chang Yong Han; Shiqiao Li

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Feeding versus Feedback in NGC4151 probed with Gemini NIFS. II. Kinematics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have used the Gemini NIFS to map the gas kinematics of the inner 200x500pc of the Seyfert galaxy NGC4151 in the Z, J, H and K bands at a resolving power 5000 and spatial resolution of 8pc. The ionised gas emission is most extended along the known ionisation bi-cone at position angle PA=60-240deg, but is observed also along its equatorial plane. This indicates that the AGN ionizes gas beyond the borders of the bi-cone, within a sphere with 1arcsec radius around the nucleus. The ionised gas has three kinematic components: (1) one observed at the systemic velocity and interpreted as originating in the galaxy disk; (2) one outflowing along the bi-cone, with line-of-sight velocities between -600 and 600 km/s and strongest emission at +/-(100-300)km/s; (3) and another component due to the interaction of the radio jet with ambient gas. The mass outflow rate, estimated to be 1 M_Sun/yr along each cone, exceeds the inferred black hole accretion rate by a factor of 100. There is no evidence in our data for the gradu...

Storchi-Bergmann, T; McGregor, P J; Riffel, Rogemar A; Beck, T; Martini, P

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Structural analysis of lithium-excess lithium manganate cathode materials by 7Li magic-angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The local structures of lithium-excess lithium manganese spinel oxides were studied by high-resolution solid-state 7Li magic-angle spinning (MAS) NMR spectroscopy. Two resonance lines at ?500 and ?555 ppm were observed for the spinels in 7Li MAS NMR spectra. Spinel stability tests in which spinel powder was stored in electrolyte solution were performed to analyze the changes in the lithium local structure after manganese dissolution. After the spinel stability test, the intensity of the resonance at ?500 ppm decreased, whereas new resonance line at 0 ppm was observed. The lithium content of the 0 ppm peak increases with the storage time in electrolyte. SEM and chemical analysis suggested a surface coating of non-spinel lithium compounds, the presence of defects on particles surface and fluorine incorporation into the aged spinel. In addition, about 60–70% of lithium remains in the spinel framework after the storage.

Hideyuki Oka; Senshi Kasahara; Tadashi Okada; Eiichi Iwata; Masaki Okada; Takayuki Shoji; Hiroshi Ohki; Tsutomu Okuda

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Analysis of the near-edge X-ray-absorption fine-structure of anthracene: A combined theoretical and experimental study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The near-edge fine structure of the carbon K-edge absorption spectrum of anthracene was measured and theoretically analyzed by density functional theory calculations implemented in the StoBe code. It is demonstrated that the consideration of electronic relaxation of excited states around localized core holes yields a significant improvement of the calculated excitation energies and reproduces the experimentally observed fine structure well. The detailed analysis of excitation spectra calculated for each symmetry inequivalent excitation center allows in particular to examine the influence of chemical shifts and core hole effects on the excitation energies. Moreover, the visualization of final states explains the large variations in the oscillator strength of various transitions as well as the nature of Rydberg-states that exhibit a notable density of states below the ionization potentials.

Klues, Michael; Witte, Gregor, E-mail: gregor.witte@physik.uni-marburg.de [Molekulare Festkörperphysik, Philipps-Universität Marburg (Germany)] [Molekulare Festkörperphysik, Philipps-Universität Marburg (Germany); Hermann, Klaus, E-mail: hermann@FHI-Berlin.MPG.de [Inorganic Chemistry Department, Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Berlin (Germany)] [Inorganic Chemistry Department, Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Berlin (Germany)

2014-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kinematic structural analysis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

CONSTRAINTS ON THE MAGELLANIC CLOUDS' INTERACTION FROM THE DISTRIBUTION OF OB STARS AND THE KINEMATICS OF GIANTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Young, OB-type candidates are identified in a {approx}7900 deg{sup 2} region encompassing the Large and Small Magellanic Clouds (LMC/SMC) periphery, the Bridge, part of the Magellanic Stream (MS), and Leading Arm (LA). Selection is based on UV, optical, and IR photometry from existing large-area surveys and proper motions from the Southern Proper Motion 4 (SPM4) catalog. The spatial distribution of these young star candidates shows (1) a well-populated SMC wing which continues westward with two branches partially surrounding the SMC, (2) a rather narrow path from the SMC wing eastward toward the LMC which is offset by 1 Degree-Sign -2 Degree-Sign from the high-density H I ridge in the Bridge, (3) a well-populated periphery of the LMC dominated by clumps of stars at the ends of the LMC bar, and (4) a few scattered candidates in the MS and two overdensities in the LA regions above and below the Galactic plane. Additionally, a proper-motion analysis is made of a radial-velocity-selected sample of red giants and supergiants in the LMC, previously shown to be a kinematically and chemically distinct subgroup, most likely captured from the SMC. SPM4 proper motions of these stars also indicate they are distinct from the LMC population. The observational results presented here, combined with the known orbits of the Clouds and other aspects of the LMC morphology, suggest an off-center, moderate to highly inclined collision between the SMC and the LMC's disk that took place between 100 and 200 Myr ago.

Casetti-Dinescu, Dana I.; Girard, Terrence M.; Van Altena, William F. [Astronomy Department, Yale University, P.O. Box 208101, New Haven, CT 06520-8101 (United States); Vieira, Katherine, E-mail: dana.casetti@yale.edu, E-mail: terry.girard@yale.edu, E-mail: william.vanaltena@yale.edu, E-mail: kvieira@cida.ve [Centro de Investigaciones de Astronomia, Apartado Postal 264, Merida 5101-A (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of)

2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

382

Identification of structural features in chemicals associated with cancer drug response: a systematic data-driven analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......of structural features in chemicals associated with cancer drug...analyses of a large number of chemical features of drugs against...the most abundant microarray platform (HT-HG-U133A). The...times 11 327 genes. 2.2 Chemical descriptor datasets The chemical......

Suleiman A. Khan; Seppo Virtanen; Olli P. Kallioniemi; Krister Wennerberg; Antti Poso; Samuel Kaski

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Tricalcium silicate Ca3SiO5 superstructure analysis: a route towards the structure of the M1 polymorph  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) and one rhombohedral (R). At room temperature, impurities stabilise some of the high temperature forms to the low temperature triclinic T3 structure (within the Golovastikov model) than to the higher temperature characteristic Bragg lines of the superstructure. Introduction Anhydrous Portland cement is essentially composed

Boyer, Edmond

384

Bis-Acridines as Lead Antiparasitic Agents: Structure-Activity Analysis of a Discrete Compound Library In Vitro  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...diseases are of enormous public health significance...investigated a focused library of 18 structurally...focused compound libraries rather than the exhaustive...screening of chemical space often favored in...discrete compound library in vitro. | Parasitic...diseases are of enormous public health significance...

Conor R. Caffrey; Dietmar Steverding; Ryan K. Swenerton; Ben Kelly; Deirdre Walshe; Anjan Debnath; Yuan-Min Zhou; Patricia S. Doyle; Aaron T. Fafarman; Julie A. Zorn; Kirkwood M. Land; Jessica Beauchene; Kimberly Schreiber; Heidrun Moll; Alicia Ponte-Sucre; Tanja Schirmeister; Ahilan Saravanamuthu; Alan H. Fairlamb; Fred E. Cohen; James H. McKerrow; Jennifer L. Weisman; Barnaby C. H. May

2007-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

385

Magnetic domain structures of focused ion beam-patterned cobalt films using scanning ion microscopy with polarization analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetic domain structures of focused ion beam-patterned cobalt films using scanning ion microscopy Studies of magnetic domain distributions in patterned magnetic materials are of pivotal importance in the areas of ultrahigh density magnetic recording, MRAM design, and miniaturized magnetic sensor arrays

Rau, Carl

386

Structure and Statistical Analysis of the Microphysical Properties of Generating Cells in the Comma Head Region of Continental Winter Cyclones  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents analyses of the microphysical structure of cloud-top convective generating cells at temperatures between ?10° and ?55°C across the comma head of 11 continental cyclones, using data collected by the W-band Wyoming Cloud Radar ...

David M. Plummer; Greg M. McFarquhar; Robert M. Rauber; Brian F. Jewett; David C. Leon

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Using Molecular Docking, 3D-QSAR, and Cluster Analysis for Screening Structurally Diverse Data Sets of Pharmacological Interest  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

and A.C. were supported by the Genome Canada-funded PREPARE project (http://www.prepare.med.ubc.ca). ... Maignan, S.; Guilloteau, J.-P.; Pouzieux, S.; Choi-Sledeski, Y. M.; Becker, M. R.; Klein, S. I.; Ewing, W. R.; Pauls, H. W.; Spada, A. P.; Mikol, V. Crystal structures of human factor Xa complexed with potent inhibitors J. Med. ...

Osvaldo A. Santos-Filho; Artem Cherkasov

2008-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

388

Inhibition of the Bacterial Enoyl Reductase FabI by Triclosan:? A Structure?Reactivity Analysis of FabI Inhibition by Triclosan Analogues  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Inhibition of the Bacterial Enoyl Reductase FabI by Triclosan:? A Structure?Reactivity Analysis of FabI Inhibition by Triclosan Analogues† ... To explore the molecular basis for the picomolar affinity of triclosan for FabI, the enoyl reductase enzyme from the type II fatty acid biosynthesis pathway in Escherichia coli, an SAR study has been conducted using a series of triclosan analogues. ... Triclosan (1) is a slow, tight-binding inhibitor of FabI, interacting specifically with the E·NAD+ form of the enzyme with a K1 value of 7 pM. ...

Sharada Sivaraman; Todd J. Sullivan; Francis Johnson; Polina Novichenok; Guanglei Cui; Carlos Simmerling; Peter J. Tonge

2004-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

389

Investigation of Thermal Decomposition as the Kinetic Process That Causes the Loss of Crystalline Structure in Sucrose Using a Chemical Analysis Approach (Part II)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Investigation of Thermal Decomposition as the Kinetic Process That Causes the Loss of Crystalline Structure in Sucrose Using a Chemical Analysis Approach (Part II) ... In the fast heating method, initial decomposition components, glucose (0.365%) and 5-HMF (0.003%), were found in the sucrose sample coincident with the onset temperature of the first endothermic peak. ... Three sample pans of sucrose were loaded in the DSC cell; one pan was placed on the sample platform, and the others were placed on the bottom of the DSC cell. ...

Joo Won Lee; Leonard C. Thomas; John Jerrell; Hao Feng; Keith R. Cadwallader; Shelly J. Schmidt

2010-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

390

HANFORD DST THERMAL & SEISMIC PROJECT ANSYS BENCHMARK ANALYSIS OF SEISMIC INDUCED FLUID STRUCTURE INTERACTION IN A HANFORD DOUBLE SHELL PRIMARY TANK  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

M&D Professional Services, Inc. (M&D) is under subcontract to Pacific Northwest National Laboratories (PNNL) to perform seismic analysis of the Hanford Site Double-Shell Tanks (DSTs) in support of a project entitled ''Double-Shell Tank (DSV Integrity Project-DST Thermal and Seismic Analyses)''. The overall scope of the project is to complete an up-to-date comprehensive analysis of record of the DST System at Hanford in support of Tri-Party Agreement Milestone M-48-14. The work described herein was performed in support of the seismic analysis of the DSTs. The thermal and operating loads analysis of the DSTs is documented in Rinker et al. (2004). The overall seismic analysis of the DSTs is being performed with the general-purpose finite element code ANSYS. The overall model used for the seismic analysis of the DSTs includes the DST structure, the contained waste, and the surrounding soil. The seismic analysis of the DSTs must address the fluid-structure interaction behavior and sloshing response of the primary tank and contained liquid. ANSYS has demonstrated capabilities for structural analysis, but the capabilities and limitations of ANSYS to perform fluid-structure interaction are less well understood. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the capabilities and investigate the limitations of ANSYS for performing a fluid-structure interaction analysis of the primary tank and contained waste. To this end, the ANSYS solutions are benchmarked against theoretical solutions appearing in BNL 1995, when such theoretical solutions exist. When theoretical solutions were not available, comparisons were made to theoretical solutions of similar problems and to the results from Dytran simulations. The capabilities and limitations of the finite element code Dytran for performing a fluid-structure interaction analysis of the primary tank and contained waste were explored in a parallel investigation (Abatt 2006). In conjunction with the results of the global ANSYS analysis reported in Carpenter et al. (2006), the results of the two investigations will be compared to help determine if a more refined sub-model of the primary tank is necessary to capture the important fluid-structure interaction effects in the tank and if so, how to best utilize a refined sub-model of the primary tank. Both rigid tank and flexible tank configurations were analyzed with ANSYS. The response parameters of interest are total hydrodynamic reaction forces, impulsive and convective mode frequencies, waste pressures, and slosh heights. To a limited extent: tank stresses are also reported. The results of this study demonstrate that the ANSYS model has the capability to adequately predict global responses such as frequencies and overall reaction forces. Thus, the model is suitable for predicting the global response of the tank and contained waste. On the other hand, while the ANSYS model is capable of adequately predicting waste pressures and primary tank stresses in a large portion of the waste tank, the model does not accurately capture the convective behavior of the waste near the free surface, nor did the model give accurate predictions of slosh heights. Based on the ability of the ANSYS benchmark model to accurately predict frequencies and global reaction forces and on the results presented in Abatt, et al. (2006), the global ANSYS model described in Carpenter et al. (2006) is sufficient for the seismic evaluation of all tank components except for local areas of the primary tank. Due to the limitations of the ANSYS model in predicting the convective response of the waste, the evaluation of primary tank stresses near the waste free surface should be supplemented by results from an ANSYS sub-model of the primary tank that incorporates pressures from theoretical solutions or from Dytran solutions. However, the primary tank is expected to have low demand to capacity ratios in the upper wall. Moreover, due to the less than desired mesh resolution in the primary tank knuckle of the global ANSYS model, the evaluation of the primary tank stresses in the lo

MACKEY, T.C.

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

391

JOURNAL OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING / MAY 2001 / 527 APPARENT PERIODS OF A BUILDING. II: TIME-FREQUENCY ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a two-part paper, the analysis of the apparent frequency of a seven-story reinforced-concrete hotel. The results also suggest ``self healing'' believed to result from settlement of the soil with time and dynamic compaction from aftershock shaking. Implications of such high variability of the system frequency

Southern California, University of

392

Partial-Wave Analysis of the Centrally Produced ?+?- System in pp Reactions at COMPASS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMPASS is a fixed-target experiment at CERN SPS which investigates the structure and spectroscopy of hadrons. During nine weeks in 2008 and 2009, a 190 GeV/c proton beam impinging on a liquid hydrogen target was used in order to study the production of exotic mesons and glueball candidates at central rapidities. As no bias on the production mechanism was introduced by the trigger system, the contribution from diffractive dissociation of the beam proton poses a challenge. We select a centrally produced sample by kinematic cuts and introduce a model to describe the data in terms of partial waves. Preliminary fits are presented, which are consistent with results from previous experiments. Particular attention is paid to the ambiguities in the amplitude analysis of the two-pseudoscalar final state.

A. Austregesilo; T. Schlueter; for the COMPASS collaboration

2012-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

393

Examining Commuting Times and Jobs-housing Imbalance in Seoul: An Empirical Analysis of Urban Spatial Structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; Rii & Ahn, 2001). Economic growth in Seoul has promoted the migration of populations from rural areas to Seoul due to job opportunities based on the transformation of the socioeconomic structure (Rii & Ahn, 2001). This phenomenon also implied... environment (Cho, 2002; Jun & Hur, 2001; Kim & Mills, 1988; Rii & Ahn, 2001). Basically, this policy was put in place to regulate urban sprawl by implementing development regulations in suburban areas (Badamdorj, 2004). The greenbelts policy seemed...

Jin, Sun Mi

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

394

A next-to-leading-order QCD analysis of neutrino-iron structure functions at the Tevatron  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nucleon structure functions measured in neutrino-iron and antineutrino-iron charged-current interactions are presented. The data were taken in two high-energy high-statistics runs by the LAB-E detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. Structure functions are extracted from a sample of 950,000 neutrino and 170,000 antineutrino events with neutrino energies from 30 to 360 GeV. The structure functions F{sub 2} and xF{sub 3} are compared with the predictions of perturbative Quantum Chromodynamics (PQCD). The combined non-singlet and singlet evolution in the context of PQCD gives value of {Lambda}NLO,(4)/MS = 337 {+-} 28 (exp.) MeV, which corresponds to {alpha}{sub S}(M{sub Z}{sup 2}) = 0.119 {+-} 0.002 (exp.) {+-} 0.004 (theory), and with a gluon distribution given by xG(x,Q{sub 0}{sup 2} = 5GeV{sup 2}) = (2.22 {+-} 0.34) {times} (1 {minus} x){sup 4.65{+-}0.68}.

Seligman, W.G.

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Crystal structure analysis reveals Pseudomonas PilY1 as an essential calcium-dependent regulator of bacterial surface motility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several bacterial pathogens require the 'twitching' motility produced by filamentous type IV pili (T4P) to establish and maintain human infections. Two cytoplasmic ATPases function as an oscillatory motor that powers twitching motility via cycles of pilus extension and retraction. The regulation of this motor, however, has remained a mystery. We present the 2.1 {angstrom} resolution crystal structure of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa pilus-biogenesis factor PilY1, and identify a single site on this protein required for bacterial translocation. The structure reveals a modified {beta}-propeller fold and a distinct EF-hand-like calcium-binding site conserved in pathogens with retractile T4P. We show that preventing calcium binding by PilY1 using either an exogenous calcium chelator or mutation of a single residue disrupts Pseudomonas twitching motility by eliminating surface pili. In contrast, placing a lysine in this site to mimic the charge of a bound calcium interferes with motility in the opposite manner - by producing an abundance of nonfunctional surface pili. Our data indicate that calcium binding and release by the unique loop identified in the PilY1 crystal structure controls the opposing forces of pilus extension and retraction. Thus, PilY1 is an essential, calcium-dependent regulator of bacterial twitching motility.

Orans, Jillian; Johnson, Michael D.L.; Coggan, Kimberly A.; Sperlazza, Justin R.; Heiniger, Ryan W.; Wolfgang, Matthew C.; Redinbo, Matthew R. (UNC)

2010-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

396

New insights into the catalytic mechanism of Bombyx mori prostaglandin E synthase gained from structure–function analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: •Structure of Bombyx mori prostaglandin E synthase is determined. •Bound glutathione sulfonic acid is located at the glutathione-binding site. •Electron-sharing network is present in this protein. •This network includes Asn95, Asp96, and Arg98. •Site-directed mutagenesis reveals that the residues contribute to the catalytic activity. -- Abstract: Prostaglandin E synthase (PGES) catalyzes the isomerization of PGH{sub 2} to PGE{sub 2}. We previously reported the identification and structural characterization of Bombyx mori PGES (bmPGES), which belongs to Sigma-class glutathione transferase. Here, we extend these studies by determining the structure of bmPGES in complex with glutathione sulfonic acid (GTS) at a resolution of 1.37 Å using X-ray crystallography. GTS localized to the glutathione-binding site. We found that electron-sharing network of bmPGES includes Asn95, Asp96, and Arg98. Site-directed mutagenesis of these residues to create mutant forms of bmPGES mutants indicate that they contribute to catalytic activity. These results are, to our knowledge, the first to reveal the presence of an electron-sharing network in bmPGES.

Yamamoto, Kohji, E-mail: yamamok@agr.kyushu-u.ac.jp [Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University Graduate School, 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581 (Japan)] [Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University Graduate School, 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581 (Japan); Suzuki, Mamoru; Higashiura, Akifumi [Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Suita 565-0871 (Japan)] [Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Suita 565-0871 (Japan); Aritake, Kosuke; Urade, Yoshihiro; Uodome, Nobuko [Department of Molecular Behavioral Biology, Osaka Bioscience Institute, 6-2-4 Furuedai, Suita, Osaka 565-0874 (Japan)] [Department of Molecular Behavioral Biology, Osaka Bioscience Institute, 6-2-4 Furuedai, Suita, Osaka 565-0874 (Japan); Hossain, MD. Tofazzal [Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University Graduate School, 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581 (Japan)] [Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University Graduate School, 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581 (Japan); Nakagawa, Atsushi [Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Suita 565-0871 (Japan)] [Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Suita 565-0871 (Japan)

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Electronic structure analysis and properties of Sr{sub 2}CeO{sub 4} grown by sol–gel method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: ? Sr{sub 2}CeO{sub 4} nanopowders were obtained by sol–gel method. ? SEM/EDX imaging and chemical analysis have been done. ? XPS electronic structure was examined and discussed. ? The terminal and equatorial Ce-O bonds contributions were determined in O2p states. ? The energy gap was estimated by valence band and electrical measurements. -- Abstract: Sr{sub 2}CeO{sub 4} is a very promising material due to its various industrial applications, e.g. for the construction of field emission displays and light emitting diodes. In this work, the phosphor was synthesized by the sol–gel method and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) methods. They proved to be very good structural properties of the material and identified negligible impurities from the technological process. The decomposition of the surface of the nanocrystals was found but this did not decrease the spectral features of the compound. The analysis of the XPS O2p lines revealed contributions of two kinds of bonds: terminal and equatorial ones, in the ratio of 2/4. They are separated by 1.2 eV what is in agreement with the observed absorption spectra. A presence of the decomposed layers may produce asymmetric widening of the emission spectra towards a lower energy.

Talik, E., E-mail: talik@us.edu.pl [Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, ul. Uniwersytecka 4, 40-007 Katowice (Poland); Lipi?ska, L. [Institute of Electronic Materials Technology, ul. Wólczy?ska 133, 01-919 Warszawa (Poland)] [Institute of Electronic Materials Technology, ul. Wólczy?ska 133, 01-919 Warszawa (Poland); Skrzypek, D. [Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, ul. Uniwersytecka 4, 40-007 Katowice (Poland)] [Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, ul. Uniwersytecka 4, 40-007 Katowice (Poland); Skuta, A. [Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, ul. Uniwersytecka 4, 40-007 Katowice (Poland) [Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, ul. Uniwersytecka 4, 40-007 Katowice (Poland); Institute of Electronic Materials Technology, ul. Wólczy?ska 133, 01-919 Warszawa (Poland); Zajdel, P.; Guzik, A.; Duda, H. [Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, ul. Uniwersytecka 4, 40-007 Katowice (Poland)] [Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, ul. Uniwersytecka 4, 40-007 Katowice (Poland)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

398

Membrane Structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...structure. The gen-cral picturc (given bs both of' these workeirs \\aas very similar...Circle No. 82 on Readers Service Card Low cost student recording from Harvard Apparatus...Steim, thermal analysis; D. Chapman, nuclear magnet-ic resonance; H. M. McConnell...

D. E. Green

1971-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

399

A Mean Field Analysis of the Exchange Coupling (J) For 2- and 3-D Structured Tetracyanoethylenide (TCNE -)-based Magnets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mean field expressions based on the simple Heisenberg model were derived to correlate the inter- and intralayer exchange coupling to the critical temperatures, Tc, for several TCNE (tetracyanoethylene) based magnets with extended 2- and 3-D structure types. These expressions were used to estimate the exchange coupling, J, for 2-D ferrimagnetic [MII(TCNE)(NCMe)2]+ (M = Mn, Fe), 3-D antiferromagnetic MnII(TCNE)[C4(CN)8]1/2, and 3-D ferrimagnetic MnII(TCNE)3/2(I3)1/2. The sign and magnitude of the exchange coupling are in accord with previously reported magnetic data.

McConnell, Amber C. [University of Utah; Fishman, Randy Scott [ORNL; Miller, Joel S. [University of Utah

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

The development of a kinematic Stirling-engine-driven heat pump  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The continuing development of a 10-ton light commercial natural-gas-fired kinematic Stirling-engine-driven heat pump system is described. Basic Stirling cycle thermodynamics are presented, and a complete engine heat balance is shown to detail the inherent advantages of the V160 Stirling engine as a prime mover in a heat pump package. Results from environmental laboratory testing of a breadboard prototype are reviewed, and the test procedures used in the evaluation are explained. Seasonal performance of the heat pump package was predicted using a bin-temperature method based on Chicago and Dallas climatic data. Annual energy costs, as predicted by the seasonal performance analytical computer program, have been calculated for a gas furnace, standard electric heat pump, and the Stirling engine-driven prototype heat pump package. These computed costs for these systems are listed and compared.

Monahan, R.E.; Kountz, K.J.; Clinch, J.M.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kinematic structural analysis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Quantitative LEED analysis of the surface structure of a MgCl2thin film grown on Pd(111)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An epitaxial, ultrathin single-crystal film (12 Angstrom) of MgCl[2] was deposited molecularly onto a Pd single crystal of (111) orientation at a crystal temperature of {approx}650 K. A detailed surface structure determination of this insulating film was performed by low-energy electron diffraction (LEED). A low incident LEED beam current (0.36 mu A) was employed to minimize the electron-stimulated desorption (ESD) of Cl. The best-fit model for the observed hexagonal MgCl[2](1 x 1) pattern corresponds to the unreconstructed (0001) Cl-terminated plane of alpha-MgCl[2], whose stacking sequence is Cl-Mg-Cl-Cl-Mg-Cl..., with a Pendry R-factor of 0.317. Small relaxations of the surface were found as 0.03 +- 0.03, 0,003 +-0.04 and 0.04 +- 0.08 Angstrom expansions of the first three Mg-Cl interlayer spacings, respectively, and a 0.10 +- 0.06 A contraction of the first Cl-Cl interlayer spacing. These small deviations were probably driven by the loss of the van der Waals interaction at the termination plane, since surface structure data for transition-metal dichalcogenides, which have different intralayer bonding, but the same intertrilayer bonding, report a similar magnitude of interlayer spacing deviations as seen in MgCl[2].

Roberts, J.G.; Gierer, M.; Fairbrother, D.H.; Van Hove, M.A.; Somorjai, G.A.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

The Origin and Kinematics of Cold Gas in Galactic Winds: Insight from Numerical Simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the origin of Na I absorbing gas in ultraluminous infrared galaxies motivated by the recent observations by Martin of extremely superthermal linewidths in this cool gas. We model the effects of repeated supernova explosions driving supershells in the central regions of molecular disks with M_d=10^10 M_\\sun, using cylindrically symmetric gas dynamical simulations run with ZEUS-3D. The shocked swept-up shells quickly cool and fragment by Rayleigh-Taylor instability as they accelerate out of the dense, stratified disks. The numerical resolution of the cooling and compression at the shock fronts determines the peak shell density, and so the speed of Rayleigh-Taylor fragmentation. We identify cooled shells and shell fragments as Na I absorbing gas and study its kinematics. We find that simulations with a numerical resolution of \\le 0.2 pc produce multiple Rayleigh-Taylor fragmented shells in a given line of sight. We suggest that the observed wide Na I absorption lines, = 320 \\pm 120 km s^-1 are produced by these multiple fragmented shells traveling at different velocities. We also suggest that some shell fragments can be accelerated above the observed average terminal velocity of 750 km s^-1 by the same energy-driven wind with an instantaneous starburst of \\sim 10^9 M_\\sun. The bulk of mass is traveling with the observed average shell velocity 330 \\pm 100 km s^-1. Our results show that an energy-driven bubble causing Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities can explain the kinematics of cool gas seen in the Na I observations without invoking additional physics relying primarily on momentum conservation, such as entrainment of gas by Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities, ram pressure driving of cold clouds by a hot wind, or radiation pressure acting on dust. (abridged)

Akimi Fujita; Crystal L. Martin; Mordecai-Mark Mac Low; Kimberly C. B. New; Robert Weaver

2008-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

403

Structural and interfacial analysis of WC92–Co8 coating deposited on titanium alloy by electrospark deposition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electrospark deposition (ESD) is a promising process to produce hard and wear-resisting coatings on metallic substrates. In this paper, microstructure and interfacial characteristics of the WC92–Co8 coated-titanium are presented. A metallurgical bonding between the coating and substrate is obtained. The Ti element was found to distribute in WC92–Co8 at the metal pool, as well as the interface by diffusion. Some new phases were produced in the coating layer due to the chemical reaction during the ESD process. Experimental observation and thermodynamic analysis were utilized to study the mechanism of ESD.

R.J Wang; Y.Y Qian; J Liu

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Inventory and analysis of bay management structure for the Corpus Christi Bay National Estuary Program study area  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report characterizes the existing resource management framework for the Corpus Christi Bay National Estuary Program (CCBNEP) study area. Historical and current regulatory and non-regulatory approaches to resource management were examined, and an identification made of the significant gaps or overlaps in organizational roles and authorities. Efforts were taken to coordinate the Base Program Analysis with that for the Galveston Bay NEP, the Texas Coastal Management Program, and other similar projects, to both build upon and ensure that efforts are not duplicated.

Richard, B.; Bacon, E.; Dietz, R.; DeMoors, K.; Needham, K.

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

CLF-based Tracking Control for UAV Kinematic Models with Saturation Constraints Wei Ren Randal W. Beard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CLF-based Tracking Control for UAV Kinematic Models with Saturation Constraints Wei Ren Randal W Abstract-- This paper considers the trajectory tracking prob- lem for unmanned air vehicles (UAVs). We assume that the UAV is equipped with an autopilot which reduces the twelve degree-of-freedom (DOF) model

Ren, Wei

406

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: high-resolution kinematics of luminous star-forming galaxies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Papers The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: high-resolution kinematics...galaxies selected from the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey. Selected via ultraviolet and...surveys, such as the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey. The WiggleZ survey contains......

Emily Wisnioski; Karl Glazebrook; Chris Blake; Ted Wyder; Chris Martin; Gregory B. Poole; Rob Sharp; Warrick Couch; Glenn G. Kacprzak; Sarah Brough; Matthew Colless; Carlos Contreras; Scott Croom; Darren Croton; Tamara Davis; Michael J. Drinkwater; Karl Forster; David G. Gilbank; Michael Gladders; Ben Jelliffe; Russell J. Jurek; I-hui Li; Barry Madore; Kevin Pimbblet; Michael Pracy; David Woods; H. K. C. Yee

2011-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

407

chemical analysis | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

chemical analysis chemical analysis Leads No leads are available at this time. Magnesium behavior and structural defects in Mg+ ion implanted silicon carbide. Abstract: As a...

408

Genetic and phylogenetic analysis of the non-structural proteins NS1, NS2 and NS3 of epizootic haemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three unique non-structural (NS) proteins are produced by Epizootic haemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) during infection of a host cell; NS1, NS2 and NS3. This study presents a complete genetic and phylogenetic analysis of these proteins (and the genes that code for them) to allow comparison of the selective pressures acting on each. Accession numbers, gene and protein sizes, ORF positions, G + C contents, terminal hexanucleotides, start and stop codons and phylogenetic relationships are all presented. Unlike the core, or outer-coat proteins, there are no characteristic genetic or phylogenetic traits common to all of the EHDV NS proteins; indicating that each is evolving under different selection pressures. These differences are discussed. Evidence of genetic recombination in genome segment 8 (coding for NS2) is also presented, together with evidence of gene duplication and mutation, suggesting the EHDV genome may have evolved using mechanisms such as these.

S.J. Anthony; N. Maan; S. Maan; G. Sutton; H. Attoui; P.P.C. Mertens

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Rhombic Cell Analysis - A New Way of Probing the Large-Scale Structure of the Universe. I. General Considerations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new way of probing the large-scale structure of the universe is proposed. Space is partitioned into cells the shape of rhombic dodecahedron. The cells are labelled ``filled'' or ``empty'' according as they contain galaxies or not. The cell size is so chosen as to have nearly equal numbers of filled and empty cells for the given galaxy sample. Two observables on each cell are definable: the number of its {\\em like} neighbors, $n_1$, and a two-suffixed topological type $\\tau$, the suffixes being the numbers of its like and unlike {\\em neighbor-groups}. The frequency distributions of $n_1$ and $\\tau$ in the observed set of filled (empty) cells are then considered as indicators of the morphology of the set. The method is applied to the CfA catalogue of galaxies as an illustration. Despite its limited size the data offers evidence 1) that the empty cells are more strongly clustered than the filled cells, and 2) that the filled cells, but not the empty cells, have a tendency of occurring in sheets. Further directions of development both in theory and application are indicated.

T. Kiang

2003-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

410

J Comp Physiol A (1992) 171:483-493 Structure and kinematics of the prosternal organs and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of its body: yaw turns about the vertical axis and pitch turns about the transverse axis range between of visual objects and visual motions with the retinal coordinate system (Hengstenberg et al. 1986, and barely at all during yaw turns of the head (Fig. 5). Bending and arresting all hairs of one field elicits

411

Dynamics analysis and learning control for 3-PRPS platform  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Employing a mathematical model to represent the dynamics of robot manipulators is a extremely difficult and complicated task. This study presents the dynamic analysis of parallel robot manipulators. The dynamic equations are first formulated in Cartesian ... Keywords: computer control, dynamics, kinematics, learning control, parallel robotics

Hua-Yi Chuang; Yung-Chih Chang

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Analysis of the structure, configuration, and sizing of Cu and Cu oxide nanoparticles generated by fs laser ablation of solid target in liquids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the analysis of structure, configuration, and sizing of Cu and Cu oxide nanoparticles (Nps) produced by femtosecond (fs) laser ablation of solid copper target in liquids. Laser pulse energy ranged between 500 {mu}J and 50 {mu}J. Water and acetone were used to produce the colloidal suspensions. The study was performed through optical extinction spectroscopy using Mie theory to fit the full experimental spectra, considering free and bound electrons size dependent contributions to the metal dielectric function. Raman spectroscopy and AFM technique were also used to characterize the sample. Considering the possible oxidation of copper during the fabrication process, two species (Cu and Cu{sub 2}O) arranged in two structures (bare core or core-shell) and in two configuration types (Cu-Cu{sub 2}O or Cu{sub 2}O-Cu) were considered for the fitting depending on the laser pulse energy and the surrounding media. For water at high energy, it can be observed that a Cu-Cu{sub 2}O configuration fits the experimental spectra of the colloidal suspension, while for decreasing energy and below a certain threshold, a Cu{sub 2}O-Cu configuration needs to be included for the optimum fit. Both species coexist for energies below 170 {mu}J for water. On the other hand, for acetone at high energy, optimum fit of the full spectrum suggests the presence a bimodal Cu-Cu{sub 2}O core-shell Nps distribution while for decreasing energy and below a 70 {mu}J threshold energy value, Cu{sub 2}O-Cu core-shell Nps must be included, together with the former configuration, for the fit of the full spectrum. We discuss possible reasons for the changes in the structural configuration of the core-shell Nps.

Santillan, J. M. J. [Centro de Investigaciones Opticas (CIOp), (CONICET La Plata - CIC) (Argentina); Videla, F. A.; Schinca, D. C.; Scaffardi, L. B. [Centro de Investigaciones Opticas (CIOp), (CONICET La Plata - CIC) (Argentina); Departamento de Ciencias Basicas, Facultad de Ingenieria, UNLP (Argentina); Fernandez van Raap, M. B. [Departamento de Fisica-IFLP, Universidad Nacional de La Plata-CONICET, L. B. Scaffardi: CIOp CC3 (1897) Gonnet, La Plata (Argentina)

2013-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

413

Cryoelectron Microscopy as a Functional Instrument for Systems Biology, Structural Analysis & Experimental Manipulations with Living Cells. A comprehensive review of the current works  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The aim of this paper is to give an introductory review of the cryoelectron microscopy as a complex data source for the most of the system biology branches, including the most perspective non-local approaches known as "localomics" and "dynamomics". A brief summary of various cryoelectron mi-croscopy methods and corresponding system biological ap-proaches is given in the text. The above classification can be considered as a useful framework for the primary comprehen-sions about cryoelectron microscopy aims and instrumental tools. We do not discuss any of these concepts in details, but merely point out that their methodological complexity follows only from the structure-functional complexity of biological systems which are investigated in this manner. We also postu-late that one can employ some of the cryoelectron microscopic techniques not only for observation, but also for modification and structural refunctionalization of some biological and similar soft matter objects and microscopic samples. In other worlds, we start with the cryoelectron microscopy as a tool for the sys-tem biology and progress to its applying as an instrument for system biology and functional biomimetics; i.e. "system cryobi-ology" goes over into "synthetic cryobiology" or "cryogenic biomimetics". All these conclusions can be deduced from the most recent works of the latest years, including just submitted foreign papers. This article provides an up-to-date description of the conceptual basis for the novel view on the computational cryoelectron microscopy (in silico) approaches and the data mining principles which lie at the very foundation of modern structural analysis and reconstruction.

Oleg V. Gradov; Margaret A. Gradova

2015-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

414

3D Thermal-structural Analysis of an Absorber Tube of a Parabolic Trough Collector and the Effect of Tube Deflection on Optical Efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper deformation rate of an absorber tube of a parabolic trough collector due to a 3D solar flux density distribution is studied theoretically. Three dimensional temperature distribution and tube thermal expansion due to non-uniform solar flux over the tube are determined numerically. The local concentration ratio for the parabolic trough collectors, which is a key boundary condition in the thermal analysis is computed by Monte Carlo Ray Tracing method for different conditions. The governing equations of thermo-elastic constitutive are solved in three dimensions for steady state thermal and static structural analysis with appropriate boundary condition using Finite Volume and Finite Element numerical codes. Thermal stresses and strain are determined for two types of collectors; first one is a constructed collector and second one is under construction at Shiraz (Iran) solar thermal power plant. Results of the local concentration ratio, flux density, temperature distribution and thermal expansions are determined for the designed conditions. Appropriate flow rate and convection coefficient for each season are found in order to decrease tube bending, prevent optical efficiency drop of collectors, keep high factor of safety, and reduce cyclic daily amplitude motion which lead to longer life time of absorber tube.

S.M. Akbarimoosavi; M. Yaghoubi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Geometric model of the structure of the neutron  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The paper examines the geometrical properties of a six-dimensional Kaluza-Klein type model. They may have an impact on the model of the structure of a neutron and its excited states in the realm of one particle physics. The statistical reason for the six-dimensionality and the stability of the solution is given. The derivation of the weak limit approximation of the general wave mechanical (quantum mechanical) approach, defined in the context of losing its self-consistency (here gravitational), is presented. The non self-consistent case for the Klein-Gordon equation is defined. The derivation of the energy of states and the analysis of the spin origin of the analyzed fields configuration is presented as the manifestation of both the geometry of the internal two-dimensional space and kinematics of fields inside it. The problem of the departure from the (gravitational) self-consistent calculations of the metric tensor and of other fields of the configuration is discussed. The implementation of the model for the description of a neutron and its excited states, including their spins and energies, is given. The informational reason for the existence of the internal extra space dimensions is proposed.

Jacek Syska

2009-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

416

Structural analysis of fish versus mammalian hemoglobins: Effect of the heme pocket environment on autooxidation and hemin loss  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The underlying stereochemical mechanisms for the dramatic differences in autooxidation and hemin loss rates of fish versus mammalian hemoglobins (Hb) have been examined by determining the crystal structures of perch, trout IV, and bovine Hb at high and low pH. The fish Hbs autooxidize and release hemin {approx}50- to 100-fold more rapidly than bovine Hb. Five specific amino acid replacements in the CD corner and along the E helix appear to cause the increased susceptibility of fish Hbs to oxidative degradation compared with mammalian Hbs. Ile is present at the E11 helical position in most fish Hb chains whereas a smaller Val residue is present in all mammalian {alpha} and {beta} chains. The larger IleE11 side chain sterically hinders bound O{sub 2} and facilitates dissociation of the neutral superoxide radical, enhancing autooxidation. Lys(E10) is found in most mammalian Hb and forms favorable electrostatic and hydrogen bonding interactions with the heme-7-propionate. In contrast, Thr(E10) is present in most fish Hbs and is too short to stabilize bound heme, and causes increased rates of hemin dissociation. Especially high rates of hemin loss in perch Hb are also due to a lack of electrostatic interaction between His(CE3) and the heme-6 propionate in {alpha} subunits whereas this interaction does occur in trout IV and bovine Hb. There is also a larger gap for solvent entry into the heme crevice near {beta} CD3 in the perch Hb ({approx}8 {angstrom}) compared with trout IV Hb ({approx}6 {angstrom}) which in turn is significantly higher than that in bovine Hb ({approx}4 {angstrom}) at low pH. The amino acids at CD4 and E14 differ between bovine and the fish Hbs and have the potential to modulate oxidative degradation by altering the orientation of the distal histidine and the stability of the E-helix. Generally rapid rates of lipid oxidation in fish muscle can be partly attributed to the fact that fish Hbs are highly susceptible to oxidative degradation.

Aranda IV, Roman; Cai, He; Worley, Chad E.; Levin, Elena J.; Li, Rong; Olson, John S.; Phillips, Jr., George N.; Richards, Mark P.; (Rice); (UW)

2010-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

417

Waves of constant shape and the structure of the \\rotors boundary" in excitable media.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Waves of constant shape and the structure of the \\rotors boundary" in excitable media. Yu.E. Elkin wave patterns in R 2 , in terms of the kinematic approach. These patterns include rotating waves (diverging and converging spiral waves), and translating waves (retracting waves, \\critical #12;ngers" and \\V

Biktashev, Vadim N.

418

MORPHOLOGY ANALYSIS OF HUMAN KNEE USING MR IMAGERY D. Chetverikov1,2, G. Renner1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MORPHOLOGY ANALYSIS OF HUMAN KNEE USING MR IMAGERY D. Chetverikov1,2, G. Renner1 1 Computer a novel system for building a 3D model of human knee based on a sequence MR images. The system applies tools can be applied to the analysis of the kinematic behaviour of the knee. In the medical practice, MR

Chetverikov, Dmitry

419

Surface complexation and precipitate geometry for aqueous Zn(II) sorption on ferrihydrite I: X-ray absorption extended fine structure spectroscopy analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

“Two-line” ferrihydrite samples precipitated and then exposed to a range of aqueous Zn solutions (10?5 to 10?3 M), and also coprecipitated in similar Zn solutions (pH 6.5), have been examined by Zn and Fe K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy. Typical Zn complexes on the surface have Zn-O distances of 1.97(.02) Å and coordination numbers of about 4.0(0.5), consistent with tetrahedral oxygen coordination. This contrasts with Zn-O distances of 2.11(.02) Å and coordination numbers of 6 to 7 in the aqueous Zn solutions used in sample preparation. X-ray absorption extended fine structure spectroscopy (EXAFS) fits to the second shell of cation neighbors indicate as many as 4 Zn-Fe neighbors at 3.44(.04) Å in coprecipitated samples, and about two Zn-Fe neighbors at the same distance in adsorption samples. In both sets of samples, the fitted coordination number of second shell cations decreases as sorption density increases, indicating changes in the number and type of available complexing sites or the onset of competitive precipitation processes. Comparison of our results with the possible geometries for surface complexes and precipitates suggests that the Zn sorption complexes are inner sphere and at lowest adsorption densities are bidentate, sharing apical oxygens with adjacent edge-sharing Fe(O,OH)6 octahedra. Coprecipitation samples have complexes with similar geometry, but these are polydentate, sharing apices with more than two adjacent edge-sharing Fe(O,OH)6 polyhedra. The results are inconsistent with Zn entering the ferrihydrite structure (i.e., solid solution formation) or formation of other Zn-Fe precipitates. The fitted Zn-Fe coordination numbers drop with increasing Zn density with a minimum of about 0.8(.2) at Zn/(Zn + Fe) of 0.08 or more. This change appears to be attributable to the onset of precipitation of zinc hydroxide polymers with mainly tetrahedral Zn coordination. At the highest loadings studied, the nature of the complexes changes further, and a second type of precipitate forms. This has a structure based on a brucite layer topology, with mainly octahedral Zn coordination. Amorphous zinc hydroxide samples prepared for comparison had a closely similar local structure. Analysis of the Fe K-edge EXAFS is consistent with surface complexation reactions and surface precipitation at high Zn loadings with little or no Fe-Zn solid solution formation. The formation of Zn-containing precipitates at solution conditions two or more orders of magnitude below their solubility limit is compared with other sorption and spectroscopic studies that describe similar behavior.

G.A Waychunas; C.C Fuller; J.A Davis

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Structural consequences of hen egg-white lysozyme orthorhombic crystal growth in a high magnetic field: validation of X-ray diffraction intensity, conformational energy searching and quantitative analysis of B factors and mosaicity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It has been shown that a high magnetic field of 10 T improves the quality of lysozyme crystals as quantified by comparison of the X-ray diffraction of crystals grown in the presence and absence of a magnetic field of 10 T, from structure comparisons and from molecular-modelling studies with conformational energy searching, from analysis of the anisotropic B factors and finally from analysis of the mosaicity. It is concluded that magnetic enhancement in protein crystal perfection is an important material engineering tool in the study of protein structure and function.

Saijo, S.

2005-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kinematic structural analysis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

LENDA, a Low Energy Neutron Detector Array for experiments with radioactive beams in inverse kinematics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Low Energy Neutron Detector Array (LENDA) is a neutron time-of-flight (TOF) spectrometer developed at the National Superconducting Cyclotron Lab- oratory (NSCL) for use in inverse kinematics experiments with rare isotope beams. Its design has been motivated by the need to study the spin-isospin response of unstable nuclei using (p, n) charge-exchange reactions at intermediate energies (> 100 MeV/u). It can be used, however, for any reaction study that involves emission of low energy neutrons (150 keV - 10 MeV). The array consists of 24 plastic scintillator bars and is capable of registering the recoiling neutron energy and angle with high detection efficiency. The neutron energy is determined by the time-of-flight technique, while the position of interaction is deduced using the timing and energy information from the two photomultipliers of each bar. A simple test setup utilizing radioactive sources has been used to characterize the array. Results of test measurements are compared with simulations. A neutron energy threshold of 20 % for neutrons below 4 MeV have been obtained.

G. Perdikakis; M. Sasano; Sam M. Austin; D. Bazin; C. Caesar; S. Cannon; J. M. Deaven; H. J. Doster; C. J. Guess; G. W. Hitt; J. Marks; R. Meharchand; D. T. Nguyen; D. Peterman; A. Prinke; M. Scott; Y. Shimbara; K. Thorne; L. Valdez; R. G. T. Zegers

2012-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

422

IONIZED GAS KINEMATICS AND MORPHOLOGY IN Sgr B2 Main ON 1000 AU SCALES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have imaged the Sgr B2 Main region with the Very Large Array in the BnA configuration ({theta}{sub beam} = 0.''13) in both the H52{alpha} (45.453 GHz) radio recombination line and 7 mm continuum emission. At a distance of 8500 pc, this spatial resolution corresponds to a physical scale of 0.005 pc ({approx}1100 AU). The current observations detect H52{alpha} emission in 12 individual ultracompact and hypercompact H II regions. Two of the sources with detected H52{alpha} emission have broad ({Delta}V{sub FWHM} {approx} 50 km s{sup -1}) recombination lines, and two of the sources show lines with peaks at more than one velocity. We use line parameters from the H52{alpha} lines and our previous H66{alpha} line observations to determine the relative contribution of thermal, pressure, and kinematic broadening, and electron density. These new observations suggest that pressure broadening can account for the broad lines in some of the sources, but that gas motions (e.g., turbulence, accretion, or outflow) contribute significantly to the broad lines in at least one of the sources (Sgr B2 F3).

De Pree, C. G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Agnes Scott College, Decatur, GA 30030 (United States); Wilner, D. J. [Harvard Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA (United States); Goss, W. M., E-mail: cdepree@agnesscott.edu, E-mail: dwilner@cfa.harvard.edu, E-mail: mgoss@nrao.edu [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Socorro, NM (United States)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

423

The Properties of Lyman Alpha Nebulae: Gas Kinematics from Non-resonant Lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[Abridged] With VLT/X-shooter, we obtain optical and NIR spectra of six Ly-alpha blobs at z~2.3. Using three measures --- the velocity offset between the Lya line and the non-resonant [OIII] or H-alpha line (Dv_Lya), the offset of stacked interstellar metal absorption lines, and the spectrally-resolved [OIII] line profile --- we study the kinematics of gas along the line of sight to galaxies within each blob center. These three indicators generally agree in velocity and direction, and are consistent with a simple picture in which the gas is stationary or slowly outflowing at a few hundred km/s from the embedded galaxies. The absence of stronger outflows is not a projection effect: the covering fraction for our sample is limited to winds of up to ~1000km/s. The Dv_Lya offsets here are smaller than typical of LBGs, but similar to those of compact LAEs. The latter suggests that outflow speed cannot be a...

Yang, Yujin; Jahnke, Knud; Davé, Romeel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC SIMULATION-DRIVEN KINEMATIC MEAN FIELD MODEL OF THE SOLAR CYCLE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We construct a series of kinematic axisymmetric mean-field dynamo models operating in the {alpha}{Omega}, {alpha}{sup 2}{Omega} and {alpha}{sup 2} regimes, all using the full {alpha}-tensor extracted from a global magnetohydrodynamical simulation of solar convection producing large-scale magnetic fields undergoing solar-like cyclic polarity reversals. We also include an internal differential rotation profile produced in a purely hydrodynamical parent simulation of solar convection, and a simple meridional flow profile described by a single cell per meridional quadrant. An {alpha}{sup 2}{Omega} mean-field model, presumably closest to the mode of dynamo action characterizing the MHD simulation, produces a spatiotemporal evolution of magnetic fields that share some striking similarities with the zonally-averaged toroidal component extracted from the simulation. Comparison with {alpha}{sup 2} and {alpha}{Omega} mean-field models operating in the same parameter regimes indicates that much of the complexity observed in the spatiotemporal evolution of the large-scale magnetic field in the simulation can be traced to the turbulent electromotive force. Oscillating {alpha}{sup 2} solutions are readily produced, and show some similarities with the observed solar cycle, including a deep-seated toroidal component concentrated at low latitudes and migrating equatorward in the course of the solar cycle. Various numerical experiments performed using the mean-field models reveal that turbulent pumping plays an important role in setting the global characteristics of the magnetic cycles.

Simard, Corinne; Charbonneau, Paul [Departement de Physique, Universite de Montreal, C.P. 6128 Succ. Centre-ville, Montreal, Qc H3C 3J7 (Canada); Bouchat, Amelie, E-mail: corinne@astro.umontreal.ca, E-mail: paulchar@astro.umontreal.ca, E-mail: amelie.bouchat@mail.mcgill.ca [Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, McGill University, 805 Sherbrooke West, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2K6 (Canada)

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Intergalactic Medium Emission Observations with the Cosmic Web Imager. II. Discovery of Extended, Kinematically Linked Emission around SSA22 Ly? Blob 2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The intergalactic medium (IGM) is the dominant reservoir of baryons, delineates the large-scale structure of the universe at low to moderate overdensities, and provides gas from which galaxies form and evolve. Simulations of a cold-dark-matter- (CDM-) dominated universe predict that the IGM is distributed in a cosmic web of filaments and that galaxies should form along and at the intersections of these filaments. While observations of QSO absorption lines and the large-scale distribution of galaxies have confirmed the CDM paradigm, the cosmic web of IGM has never been confirmed by direct imaging. Here we report our observation of the Ly? blob 2 (LAB2) in SSA22 with the Cosmic Web Imager (CWI). This is an integral field spectrograph optimized for low surface brightness, extended emission. With 22 hr of total on- and off-source exposure, CWI has revealed that LAB2 has extended Ly? emission that is organized into azimuthal zones consistent with filaments. We perform numerous tests with simulations and the data to secure the robustness of this result, which relies on data with modest signal-to-noise ratios. We have developed a smoothing algorithm that permits visualization of data cube slices along image or spectral image planes. With both raw and smoothed data cubes we demonstrate that the filaments are kinematically associated with LAB2 and display double-peaked profiles characteristic of optically thick Ly? emission. The flux is 10-20 times brighter than expected for the average emission from the IGM but is consistent with boosted fluorescence from a buried QSO or gravitation cooling radiation. Using simple emission models, we infer a baryon mass in the filaments of at least 1-4 ? 1011 M ?, and the dark halo mass is at least 2 ? 1012 M ?. The spatial-kinematic morphology is more consistent with inflow from the cosmic web than outflow from LAB2, although an outflow feature maybe present at one azimuth. LAB2 and the surrounding gas have significant and coaligned angular momentum, strengthening the case for their association.

D. Christopher Martin; Daphne Chang; Matt Matuszewski; Patrick Morrissey; Shahin Rahman; Anna Moore; Charles C. Steidel; Yuichi Matsuda

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

THE SINS/zC-SINF SURVEY OF z {approx} 2GALAXY KINEMATICS: THE NATURE OF DISPERSION-DOMINATED GALAXIES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We analyze the spectra, spatial distributions, and kinematics of H{alpha}, [N II], and [S II] emission in a sample of 38, z {approx} 2.2 UV/optically selected star-forming galaxies (SFGs) from the SINS and zC-SINF surveys, 34 of which were observed in the adaptive optics mode of SINFONI and 30 of those contain data presented for the first time here. This is supplemented by kinematic data from 43 z {approx} 1-2.5 galaxies from the literature. None of these 81 galaxies is an obvious major merger. We find that the kinematic classification of high-z SFGs as ''dispersion dominated'' or ''rotation dominated'' correlates most strongly with their intrinsic sizes. Smaller galaxies are more likely ''dispersion-dominated'' for two main reasons: (1) the rotation velocity scales linearly with galaxy size but intrinsic velocity dispersion does not depend on size or may even increase in smaller galaxies, and as such, their ratio is systematically lower for smaller galaxies, and (2) beam smearing strongly decreases large-scale velocity gradients and increases observed dispersion much more for galaxies with sizes at or below the resolution. Dispersion-dominated SFGs may thus have intrinsic properties similar to ''rotation-dominated'' SFGs, but are primarily more compact, lower mass, less metal enriched, and may have higher gas fractions, plausibly because they represent an earlier evolutionary state.

Newman, Sarah F.; Genzel, Reinhard [Department of Astronomy, Campbell Hall, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Foerster Schreiber, Natascha M.; Buschkamp, Peter; Davies, Ric; Eisenhauer, Frank; Kurk, Jaron; Lutz, Dieter [Max-Planck-Institut fuer extraterrestrische Physik (MPE), Giessenbachstr. 1, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Shapiro Griffin, Kristen [Space Sciences Research Group, Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems, Redondo Beach, CA 90278 (United States); Mancini, Chiara; Renzini, Alvio [Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Vicolo dell'Osservatorio 5, Padova I-35122 (Italy); Lilly, Simon J.; Carollo, C. Marcella; Peng, Yingjie [Institute of Astronomy, Department of Physics, Eidgenoessische Technische Hochschule, ETH Zuerich CH-8093 (Switzerland); Bouche, Nicolas [Universite de Toulouse, UPS-OMP, IRAP, Toulouse (France); Burkert, Andreas [Universitaets-Sternwarte Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (USM), Scheinerstr. 1, Muenchen D-81679 (Germany); Cresci, Giovanni [Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica Osservatorio Astronomico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, I-50125 Firenze (Italy); Genel, Shy [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Hicks, Erin K. S. [Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195-1580 (United States); Naab, Thorsten, E-mail: sfnewman@berkeley.edu [Max-Planck Institute for Astrophysics, Karl Schwarzschildstrasse 1, D-85748 Garching (Germany); and others

2013-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

427

The BlueDRAGON -A System for Measuring the Kinematics and the Dynamics of Minimally Invasive Surgical Tools InVivo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tools' kinematics necessary to conduct an operation. This is especially problematic in the field of MIS where the teacher is one step removed from the actual conduct of the operation. Along with the progress

428

Suggestion for an experiment to search for a massive admixed neutrino in nuclear beta decay by complete kinematic reconstruction of the final state  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We discuss an experiment to search for a massive admixed neutrino in nuclear beta decay via detection of the recoil nucleus as well as the electron, and hence a complete kinematic reconstruction of the final state.

Guido Finocchiaro and Robert E. Shrock

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Kinematical relations among radar-observed water concentrations, vertical motions, and liquid-water drop-size spectra in convective clouds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and liquid- water concentration, a one-dimensional (vertical) continuity equation for water substance is considered. Atmospheric values of parameters which appear in the continuity equation are determined from radar reflectivity measurements. Empirical... viii I INTRODUCTION Cloud Motions in General Equations Governing Cloud Parameters A Kinematical Equation Based on the Continuity of Water Substance Determinati. on of the Values of the Atmospheric Variables Appearing in the Kinematical Equation...

Runnels, Robert Clayton

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

430

Global analysis of population structure, spatial and temporal dynamics of genetic diversity, and evolutionary lineages of Iris yellow spot virus (Tospovirus: Bunyaviridae)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Thrips-transmitted Iris yellow spot virus is an economically important viral pathogen of Allium crops worldwide. A global analysis of known IYSV nucleocapsid gene (N gene) sequences was carried out to determine the comparative population structure, spatial and temporal dynamics with reference to its genetic diversity and evolution. A total of 98 complete N gene sequences (including 8 sequences reported in this study) available in GenBank and reported from 23 countries were characterized by in-silico RFLP analysis. Based on RFLP, 94% of the isolates could be grouped into NL or BR types while the rest belonged to neither group. The relative proportion of NL and BR types was 46% and 48%, respectively. A temporal shift in the IYSV genotypes with a greater incremental incidence of IYSVBR was found over IYSVNL before 2005 compared to after 2005. The virus population had at least one evolutionarily significant recombination event, involving IYSVBR and IYSVNL. Codon substitution studies did not identify any significant differences among the genotypes of IYSV. However, N gene codons were minimally positively selected, moderately negatively selected denoting the action of purifying selection, thus rejecting the theory of neutral mutation in IYSV population. However, one codon position (139) was found to be positively selected in all the genotypes. Population selection statistics in the IYSVBR, IYSVNL genotypes and in the population as a whole also revealed the action of purifying selection or population expansion, whereas \\{IYSVother\\} displayed a decrease in population size. Genetic differentiation studies showed inherent differentiation and infrequent gene flow between IYSVBR and IYSVNL genotypes corroborating the geographical confinement of these genotypes. Taken together the study suggests that the observed diversity in IYSV population and temporal shift in IYSVBR genotype is attributable to genetic recombination, abundance of purifying selection, insignificant positive selection and population expansion. Restricted gene flow between the two major IYSV genotypes further emphasizes the role of genetic drift in modeling the population architecture, evolutionary lineage and epidemiology of IYSV.

Romana Iftikhar; Shunmugiah V. Ramesh; Sudeep Bag; Muhammad Ashfaq; Hanu R. Pappu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Difficulties with Recovering the Masses of Supermassive Black Holes from Stellar Kinematical Data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate the ability of three-integral, axisymmetric, orbit-based modeling algorithms to recover the parameters defining the gravitational potential (mass-to-light ratio and black hole mass M•) in spheroidal stellar systems using stellar kinematical data. We show that the potential estimation problem is generically underdetermined when applied to long-slit kinematical data of the kind used for most black hole mass determinations to date. A range of parameters (, M•) can provide equally good fits to the data, making it impossible to assign best-fit values. The indeterminacy arises from the large variety of orbital solutions that are consistent with a given mass model. We demonstrate the indeterminacy using a variety of data sets derived from realistic models, as well as published observations of the galaxy M32. The indeterminacy becomes apparent only when a sufficiently large number of distinct orbits are supplied to the modeling algorithm; if too few orbits are used, spurious minima appear in the ?2(,M•) contours, and these minima do not necessarily coincide with the parameters defining the gravitational potential. We show that the range of degeneracy in M• depends on the degree to which the data resolve the radius of influence rh of the black hole. For FWHM/2rh 0.5, where FWHM refers to the instrumental resolution, we find that only very weak constraints can be placed on M•. In the case of M32, our reanalysis demonstrates that when a large orbit library is used, data published prior to 2000 (FWHM/2rh ? 0.25) are equally consistent with black hole masses in the range 1.5 ? 106 M? M• 6 M?, with no preferred value in that range. Exactly the same data can reproduce previous published results with smaller orbit libraries. While the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS) data for this galaxy (FWHM/2rh ? 0.06) may overcome the degeneracy in M•, HST data for most galaxies do not resolve the black hole's sphere of influence and in these galaxies the degree of degeneracy allowed by the data may be greater than previously believed. We investigate the effect of regularization, or smoothness constraints, on the degree of degeneracy of the solutions. Enforcing smoothness reduces the range of acceptable models, but we find no indication that the true potential can be recovered simply by enforcing smoothing. For a given smoothing level, all solutions in the minimum ?2 valley exhibit similar levels of noise; as the smoothing is increased, there is a systematic shift in the midpoint of the ?2 valley, until at a high level of smoothing the solution is biased with respect to the true solution. These experiments suggest both that the indeterminacy is real (i.e., that it is not an artifact associated with nonsmooth solutions) and that there is no known empirical way to choose the smoothing parameter to ensure that the correct solution is selected.

Monica Valluri; David Merritt; Eric Emsellem

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

PLANETARY NEBULAE IN THE ELLIPTICAL GALAXY NGC 4649 (M 60): KINEMATICS AND DISTANCE REDETERMINATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using a slitless spectroscopy method with (1) the 8.2 m Subaru telescope and its FOCAS Cassegrain spectrograph and (2) the ESO Very Large Telescope unit 1 (Antu) and its FORS2 Cassegrain spectrograph, we have detected 326 planetary nebulae (PNs) in the giant Virgo elliptical galaxy NGC 4649 (M 60) and measured their radial velocities. After rejecting some PNs more likely to belong to the companion galaxy NGC 4647, we have built a catalog with kinematic information for 298 PNs in M 60. Using these radial velocities, we have concluded that they support the presence of a dark matter halo around M 60. Based on an isotropic, two-component Hernquist model, we estimate the dark matter halo mass within 3R{sub e} to be 4 x 10{sup 11} M{sub sun}, which is almost one-half of the total mass of about 10{sup 12} M{sub sun} within 3R{sub e}. This total mass is similar to that estimated from globular cluster, XMM-Newton, and Chandra observations. The dark matter becomes dominant outside. More detailed dynamical modeling of the PN data is being published in a companion paper. We have also measured the m(5007) magnitudes of many of these PNs and built a statistically complete sample of 218 PNs. The resulting PN luminosity function (PNLF) was used to estimate a distance modulus of 30.7 {+-} 0.2 mag, equivalent to 14 {+-} 1 Mpc. This confirms an earlier PNLF distance measurement based on a much smaller sample. The PNLF distance modulus remains smaller than the surface brightness fluctuation distance modulus by 0.4 mag.

Teodorescu, A. M.; Mendez, R. H. [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Bernardi, F. [Dipartimento di Matematica, Universita di Pisa, Largo B. Pontecorvo 5, 56127 Pisa (Italy); Thomas, J.; Das, P.; Gerhard, O., E-mail: ana@ifa.hawaii.edu, E-mail: mendez@ifa.hawaii.edu [Max Planck Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik, P.O. Box 1603, D-85740 Garching bei Muenchen (Germany)

2011-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

433

THE GRAVITATIONAL POTENTIAL NEAR THE SUN FROM SEGUE K-DWARF KINEMATICS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To constrain the Galactic gravitational potential near the Sun ({approx}1.5 kpc), we derive and model the spatial and velocity distributions for a sample of 9000 K-dwarfs with spectra from SDSS/SEGUE, which yield radial velocities and abundances ([Fe/H] and [{alpha}/Fe]). We first derive the spatial density distribution for three abundance-selected sub-populations of stars accounting for the survey's selection function. The vertical profiles of these sub-populations are simple exponentials and their vertical dispersion profile is nearly isothermal. To model these data, we apply the 'vertical' Jeans equation, which relates the observable tracer number density and vertical velocity dispersion to the gravitational potential or vertical force. We explore a number of functional forms for the vertical force law, fit the dispersion and density profiles of all abundance-selected sub-populations simultaneously in the same potential, and explore all parameter co-variances using a Markov Chain Monte Carlo technique. Our fits constrain a disk mass scale height {approx}< 300 pc and the total surface mass density to be 67 {+-} 6 M{sub Sun} pc{sup -2} at |z| = 1.0 kpc of which the contribution from all stars is 42 {+-} 5 M{sub Sun} pc{sup -2} (assuming a contribution from cold gas of 13 M{sub Sun} pc{sup -2}). We find significant constraints on the local dark matter density of 0.0065 {+-} 0.0023 M{sub Sun} pc{sup -3} (0.25 {+-} 0.09 GeV cm{sup -3}). Together with recent experiments this firms up the best estimate of 0.0075 {+-} 0.0021 M{sub Sun} pc{sup -3} (0.28 {+-} 0.08 GeV cm{sup -3}), consistent with global fits of approximately round dark matter halos to kinematic data in the outskirts of the Galaxy.

Zhang Lan; Liu Chao; Zhao Gang [Key Lab of Optical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatories, CAS, 20A Datun Road, Chaoyang District, 100012 Beijing (China); Rix, Hans-Walter; Van de Ven, Glenn [Max-Planck-Institute for Astronomy, Koenigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Bovy, Jo [Institute for Advanced Study, Einstein Drive, Princeton, NJ 08540 (United States)

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Separated Structure Functions for the Exclusive Electroproduction of K+Lambda and K+Sigma0 Final States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report measurements of the exclusive electroproduction of K{sup +}{Lambda} and K{sup +}{Sigma}{sup 0} final states from a proton target using the CLAS detector at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. The separated structure functions {sigma}{sub T}, {sigma}{sub L},{sigma}{sub TT}, and {sigma}{sub LT} were extracted from the {Phi}- and {epsilon}-dependent differential cross sections taken with electron beam energies of 2.567, 4.056, and 4.247 GeV. This analysis represents the first {sigma}{sub L}/{sigma}{sub T} separation with the CLAS detector, and the first measurement of the kaon electroproduction structure functions away from parallel kinematics. The data span a broad range of momentum transfers from 0.5 {le} Q{sup 2} {le} 2.8 GeV{sup 2} and invariant energy from 1.6 {le} W {le} 2.4 GeV, while spanning nearly the full center-of-mass angular range of the kaon. The separated structure functions reveal clear differences between the production dynamics for the {Lambda} and {Sigma}{sup 0} hyperons. These results provide an unprecedented data sample with which to constrain current and future models for the associated production of strangeness, which will allow for a better understanding of the underlying resonant and non-resonant contributions to hyperon production.

Pawel Ambrozewicz; Daniel Carman; Rob Feuerbach; Mac Mestayer; Brian Raue; Reinhard Schumacher; Avtandil Tkabladze

2006-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

435

Determining SUSY model parameters and masses at the LHC using cross-sections, kinematic edges and other observables.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ar X iv :h ep -p h/ 05 08 14 3v 2 3 0 A ug 2 00 5 Preprint typeset in JHEP style - HYPER VERSION CAV-HEP-2005-15 ATL-PHYS-PUB-2005-013 ATL-COM-PHYS-2005-033 Determining SUSY model parameters and masses at the LHC using cross-sections, kinematic... with the endpoint mea- surements. Note that p(m|eobs) is the equivalent of the P ?(x) defined later on in equation (A.2), as it is defined only up to an unknown normalisation constant. So, in order to plot the probability distribution, one follows the following...

Lester, Christopher G; Parker, Michael A; White, Martin J

436

Fundamentals of Structural Reliability Theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Structural reliability analysis differs in many important ways from reliability analysis as practised in, for example, the electronics and aero-space industries, in spite of the fact that the underlying probab...

Palle Thoft-Christensen Ph. D.…

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Extreme Gas Kinematics in the z=2.2 Powerful Radio Galaxy MRC1138-262: Evidence for Efficient AGN Feedback in the Early Universe?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To explain the properties of the most massive low-redshift galaxies and the shape of their mass function, recent models of galaxy evolution include strong AGN feedback to complement starburst-driven feedback in massive galaxies. Using the near-infrared integral-field spectrograph SPIFFI on the VLT, we searched for direct evidence for such a feedback in the optical emission line gas around the z = 2.16 powerful radio galaxy MRC1138-262, likely a massive galaxy in formation. The kpc-scale kinematics, with FWHMs and relative velocities {approx}< 2400 km s{sup -1} and nearly spherical spatial distribution, do not resemble large-scale gravitational motion or starburst-driven winds. Order-of-magnitude timescale and energy arguments favor the AGN as the only plausible candidate to accelerate the gas, with a total energy injection of {approx} few x 10{sup 60} ergs or more, necessary to power the outflow, and relatively efficient coupling between radio jet and ISM. Observed outflow properties are in gross agreement with the models, and suggest that AGN winds might have a similar, or perhaps larger, cosmological significance than starburst-driven winds, if MRC1138-262 is indeed archetypal. Moreover, the outflow has the potential to remove significant gas fractions ({approx}< 50%) from a > L* galaxy within a few 10 to 100 Myrs, fast enough to preserve the observed [{alpha}/Fe] overabundance in massive galaxies at low redshift. Using simple arguments, it appears that feedback like that observed in MRC1138-262 may have sufficient energy to inhibit material from infalling into the dark matter halo and thus regulate galaxy growth as required in some recent models of hierarchical structure formation.

Nesvadba, N H; Lehnert, M D; Eisenhauer, F; Gilbert, A M; Tecza, M; Abuter, R

2007-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

438

ESTABLISHING A STEREOSCOPIC TECHNIQUE FOR DETERMINING THE KINEMATIC PROPERTIES OF SOLAR WIND TRANSIENTS BASED ON A GENERALIZED SELF-SIMILARLY EXPANDING CIRCULAR GEOMETRY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The twin-spacecraft STEREO mission has enabled simultaneous white-light imaging of the solar corona and inner heliosphere from multiple vantage points. This has led to the development of numerous stereoscopic techniques to investigate the three-dimensional structure and kinematics of solar wind transients such as coronal mass ejections (CMEs). Two such methods—triangulation and the tangent to a sphere—can be used to determine time profiles of the propagation direction and radial distance (and thereby radial speed) of a solar wind transient as it travels through the inner heliosphere, based on its time-elongation profile viewed by two observers. These techniques are founded on the assumption that the transient can be characterized as a point source (fixed ?, FP, approximation) or a circle attached to Sun-center (harmonic mean, HM, approximation), respectively. These geometries constitute extreme descriptions of solar wind transients, in terms of their cross-sectional extent. Here, we present the stereoscopic expressions necessary to derive propagation direction and radial distance/speed profiles of such transients based on the more generalized self-similar expansion (SSE) geometry, for which the FP and HM geometries form the limiting cases; our implementation of these equations is termed the stereoscopic SSE method. We apply the technique to two Earth-directed CMEs from different phases of the STEREO mission, the well-studied event of 2008 December and a more recent event from 2012 March. The latter CME was fast, with an initial speed exceeding 2000 km s{sup –1}, and highly geoeffective, in stark contrast to the slow and ineffectual 2008 December CME.

Davies, J. A.; Perry, C. H.; Harrison, R. A. [RAL Space, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Harwell Oxford, OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Trines, R. M. G. M. [Central Laser Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Harwell Oxford, OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Lugaz, N. [Space Science Centre, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824 (United States); Möstl, C. [Space Science Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Liu, Y. D. [State Key Laboratory of Space Weather, National Space Science Centre, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Steed, K., E-mail: jackie.davies@stfc.ac.uk [Centre for mathematical Plasma Astrophysics, KU Leuven, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium)

2013-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

439

Current-based 4D shape analysis for the mechanical personalization of heart models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Current-based 4D shape analysis for the mechanical personalization of heart models Lo¨ic Le Folgoc1. Abstract. Patient-specific models of the heart may lead to better understanding of cardiovascular diseases-mechanical model of the heart, from the kinematics of the endo- and epicardium, is presented in this paper. We use

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

440

Structure determination and analysis of helix parameters in the DNA decamer d(CATGGCCATG)2 comparison of results from NMR and crystallography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The solution structure of the DNA decamer (CATGGCCATG)2 has been determined by NMR spectroscopy and restrained molecular dynamic and distance geometry calculations. The restrainted data set includes interproton distances and torsion angles for the deoxyribose sugar ring which were obtained by nuclear Overhauser enhancement intensities and quantitative simulation of cross-peaks from double quantum filtered correlation spectroscopy. The backbone torsion angles were constrained using experimental data from NOE cross-peaks, 1H-1H and 1H-31P-coupling constants. The NMR structure and the crystal structure of the DNA decamer deviates from the structure of the canonical form of B-DNA in a number of observable characteristics. Particularly, both structures display a specific pattern of stacking interaction in the central GGC base triplet. Furthermore, a specific local conformation of the TG/CA base-pair step is present in NMR and crystal structure, highlighting the unusually high flexibility of this DNA duplex part. The solution structure of the TG/CA base-pair step obtained by our high resolution NMR study is characterized by a positive roll angle, whereas in crystal this base-pair step tends to adopt remarkably high twist angles.

Utz Dornberger; Joachim Flemming; Hartmut Fritzsche

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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441

LHC-2008 C.Vallee HERA Structure Functions 1 Physics at LHC-2008 Split, October 1st 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LHC-2008 C.Vallee HERA Structure Functions 1 LHC Physics at LHC-2008 Split, October 1st 2008 Claude Vallée CPPM/DESY, on behalf of ZEUS and H1 FUNCTIONS STRUCTURE H E R A #12;LHC-2008 C.Vallee HERA/ antiquarks High x quarks/gluon x DGLAP W,Z top DY Jets Higgs Kinematics: HERA LHC , Zo e e q qx Q2 e W q q

442

Is there a perception-based alternative to kinematic models of tempo rubato ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the performance; These factors have no effect on the predicted shape of a ritardando. Computer simulations...........................................................................................................................................20 #12;3 / ABSTRACT The relation between music and motion has been a topic of much theoretical of a number of rhythm perception models show, however, a large effect of these structural and temporal factors

Amsterdam, University of

443

Analysis of Substrate Access to Active Sites in Bacterial Multicomponent Monooxygenase Hydroxylases: X-Ray Crystal Structure of Xenon-Pressurized Phenol Hydroxylase from Pseudomonas Sp Ox1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In all structurally characterized bacterial multicomponent monooxygenase (BMM) hydroxylase proteins, a series of hydrophobic cavities in the ?-subunit trace a conserved path from the protein exterior to the carboxylate-bridged ...

McCormick, Michael S.

444

Exploration of R2XM2 (R=Sc, Y, Ti, Zr, Hf, rare earth; X=main group element; M=transition metal, Si, Ge): Structural Motifs, the novel Compound Gd2AlGe2 and Analysis of the U3Si2 and Zr3Al2 Structure Types  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the process of exploring and understanding the influence of crystal structure on the system of compounds with the composition Gd{sub 5}(Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1-x}){sub 4} several new compounds were synthesized with different crystal structures, but similar structural features. In Gd{sub 5}(Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1-x}){sub 4}, the main feature of interest is the magnetocaloric effect (MCE), which allows the material to be useful in magnetic refrigeration applications. The MCE is based on the magnetic interactions of the Gd atoms in the crystal structure, which varies with x (the amount of Si in the compound). The crystal structure of Gd{sub 5}(Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1-x}){sub 4} can be thought of as being formed from two 3{sup 2}434 nets of Gd atoms, with additional Gd atoms in the cubic voids and Si/Ge atoms in the trigonal prismatic voids. Attempts were made to substitute nonmagnetic atoms for magnetic Gd using In, Mg and Al. Gd{sub 2}MgGe{sub 2} and Gd{sub 2}InGe{sub 2} both possess the same 3{sup 2}434 nets of Gd atoms as Gd{sub 5}(Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1-x}){sub 4}, but these nets are connected differently, forming the Mo{sub 2}FeB{sub 2} crystal structure. A search of the literature revealed that compounds with the composition R{sub 2}XM{sub 2} (R=Sc, Y, Ti, Zr, Hf, rare earth; X=main group element; M=transition metal, Si, Ge) crystallize in one of four crystal structures: the Mo{sub 2}FeB{sub 2}, Zr{sub 3}Al{sub 2}, Mn{sub 2}AlB{sub 2} and W{sub 2}CoB{sub 2} crystal structures. These crystal structures are described, and the relationships between them are highlighted. Gd{sub 2}AlGe{sub 2} forms an entirely new crystal structure, and the details of its synthesis and characterization are given. Electronic structure calculations are performed to understand the nature of bonding in this compound and how electrons can be accounted for. A series of electronic structure calculations were performed on models with the U{sub 3}Si{sub 2} and Zr{sub 3}Al{sub 2} structures, using Zr and A1 as the building blocks. The starting point for these models was the U{sub 3}Si{sub 2} structure, and models were created to simulate the transition from the idealized U{sub 3}Si{sub 2} structure to the distorted Zr{sub 3}Al{sub 2} structure. Analysis of the band structures of the models has shown that the transition from the U{sub 3}Si{sub 2} structure to the Zr{sub 3}Al{sub 2} structure lifts degeneracies along the {Lambda} {yields} Z direction, indicating a Peierls-type mechanism for the displacement occurring in the positions of the Zr atoms.

Sean William McWhorter

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Double-Pionic Fusion of Nuclear Systems and the 'ABC' Effect: Approaching a Puzzle by Exclusive and Kinematically Complete Measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ABC effect--a puzzling low-mass enhancement in the {pi}{pi} invariant mass spectrum, first observed by Abashian, Booth, and Crowe--is well known from inclusive measurements of two-pion production in nuclear fusion reactions. Here we report on the first exclusive and kinematically complete measurements of the most basic double-pionic fusion reaction pn{yields}d{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0} at beam energies of 1.03 and 1.35 GeV. The measurements, which have been carried out at CELSIUS-WASA, reveal the ABC effect to be a ({pi}{pi}){sub I=L=0} channel phenomenon associated with both a resonancelike energy dependence in the integral cross section and the formation of a {delta}{delta} system in the intermediate state. A corresponding simple s-channel resonance ansatz provides a surprisingly good description of the data.

Bashkanov, M.; Clement, H.; Doroshkevich, E.; Khakimova, O.; Kren, F.; Meier, R.; Pricking, A.; Skorodko, T.; Wagner, G. J. [Physikalisches Institut der Universitaet Tuebingen, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Bargholtz, C.; Geren, L.; Lindberg, K.; Tegner, P.-E.; Zartova, I. [Department of Physics, Stockholm University, Stockholm (Sweden); Berlowski, M.; Stepaniak, J. [Soltan Institute of Nuclear Studies, Warsaw and Lodz (Poland); Bogoslawsky, D.; Ivanov, G.; Jiganov, E.; Morosov, B. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation)] (and others)

2009-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

446

Time-dependent calculations of transfer ionization by fast proton-helium collision in one-dimensional kinematics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze a transfer ionization (TI) reaction in the fast proton-helium collision $\\rm H^+ + He \\to H^0 + He^{2+} + e^-$ by solving a time-dependent Schr\\"odinger equation (TDSE) under the classical projectile motion approximation in one-dimensional kinematics. In addition, we construct various time independent analogues of our model using lowest order perturbation theory in the form of the Born series. By comparing various aspects of the TDSE and the Born series calculations, we conclude that the recent discrepancies of experimental and theoretical data may be attributed to deficiency of the Born models used by other authors. We demonstrate that the correct Born series for TI should include the momentum space overlap between the double ionization amplitude and the wave function of the transferred electron.

Serov, Vladislav V

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Definition of structural patterns using dipmeter and magnetism data within the poorly seismic imaged field of Avocette, presalt Gabonese Basin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the Gabonese southern Onshore Basin, several oil fields occur below an Aptian salt sequence. Because of the presence of diapirs and salt walls related to post aptian salt tectonics, the quality of the 2D or 3D seismic imaging of the presalt formations stays very insufficient to well define the structural patterns within the traps below the salt. This problem is particularly important in the Avocette oil field where the poor quality of the seismic is also related to very high dips within the presalt formations. Indeed the dipmeter analysis demonstrates that the values of dips can reach 80 deg. to be vertical within some of the reservoirs. To define the complex geometry of the field, depth cross-sections have been constructed using: (1) magnetism and gravimetric data which allow to propose a depth and also a structural framework for the basement; (2) dipmeter analysis which provides for the whole presalt sequence very good results for the geometry, but also for the age of deformation. Indeed, the biostratigraphy is well defined and it is possible to date characteristic features as growth faulting demonstrated by the dipmeter. This allows to propose a presalt kinematic evolution for the field and adjacent area which can be summarized as follow: the structure corresponds to a faulted roll-over anticline, related to Upper Barremian to Aptian progressive gravity spreading of thick lacustrine deltaic sequences. During Upper Aptian the roll-over anticline is partially eroded and overlaid by a regional sandstone deposits. Last movements on the major faults deformed this horizon which constitutes now the main reservoir of the Avocette oil field.

Guerin, G. (Elf Petroleum Norge, Stavanger (Norway)); Lecanu, H.; Icart, J.C. (Elf Aquitaine Production, Pau-Paris (France)) (and others)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Definition of structural patterns using dipmeter and magnetism data within the poorly seismic imaged field of Avocette, presalt Gabonese Basin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the Gabonese southern Onshore Basin, several oil fields occur below an Aptian salt sequence. Because of the presence of diapirs and salt walls related to post aptian salt tectonics, the quality of the 2D or 3D seismic imaging of the presalt formations stays very insufficient to well define the structural patterns within the traps below the salt. This problem is particularly important in the Avocette oil field where the poor quality of the seismic is also related to very high dips within the presalt formations. Indeed the dipmeter analysis demonstrates that the values of dips can reach 80 deg. to be vertical within some of the reservoirs. To define the complex geometry of the field, depth cross-sections have been constructed using: (1) magnetism and gravimetric data which allow to propose a depth and also a structural framework for the basement; (2) dipmeter analysis which provides for the whole presalt sequence very good results for the geometry, but also for the age of deformation. Indeed, the biostratigraphy is well defined and it is possible to date characteristic features as growth faulting demonstrated by the dipmeter. This allows to propose a presalt kinematic evolution for the field and adjacent area which can be summarized as follow: the structure corresponds to a faulted roll-over anticline, related to Upper Barremian to Aptian progressive gravity spreading of thick lacustrine deltaic sequences. During Upper Aptian the roll-over anticline is partially eroded and overlaid by a regional sandstone deposits. Last movements on the major faults deformed this horizon which constitutes now the main reservoir of the Avocette oil field.

Guerin, G. [Elf Petroleum Norge, Stavanger (Norway); Lecanu, H.; Icart, J.C. [Elf Aquitaine Production, Pau-Paris (France)] [and others

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

449

Kinematic measures and stroke rate variability in elite female 200-m swimmers in the four swimming techniques: Athens 2004 Olympic semi-finalists and French National  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Kinematic measures and stroke rate variability in elite female 200-m swimmers in the four of this work was to study stroke rate variability in elite female swimmers (200-m events, all four techniques semi-finalists (group N, n=64). Since swimming speed (V) is the product of stroke rate (SR) and stroke

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

450

Reaction Products with Internal Energy beyond the Kinematic Limit Result from Trajectories Far from the Minimum Energy Path: An Example from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reaction Products with Internal Energy beyond the Kinematic Limit Result from Trajectories Far from the minimum energy path are, in general, responsible for production of highly internally excited products-7 For this collision energy and product vibrational level, rotational states j e 18 are energetically allowed, but only

Zare, Richard N.

451

MNRAS 429, 534555 (2013) doi:10.1093/mnras/sts353 The ATLAS3D Project XIV. The extent and kinematics of the molecular  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MNRAS 429, 534­555 (2013) doi:10.1093/mnras/sts353 The ATLAS3D Project ­ XIV. The extent, D-85478 Garching, Germany 12Space Telescope European Coordinating Facility, European Southern and contrast the extent, surface brightness profiles and kinematics of the molecular gas in CO-rich ATLAS3D

Kuntschner, Harald

452

The kinematics of the Zagros Mountains (Iran) D. HATZFELD1*, C. AUTHEMAYOU24, P. VAN DER BEEK5, O. BELLIER2,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The kinematics of the Zagros Mountains (Iran) D. HATZFELD1*, C. AUTHEMAYOU2­4, P. VAN DER BEEK5, O Survey of Iran, PO Box 13185-1494, Tehran, Iran 8 International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, PO Box 19395/3913, Tehran, Iran 9 National Cartographic Center, PO Box 13185/1684, Tehran, Iran

Hatzfeld, Denis

453

Procedure for Koehler Digital Constant Temperature Viscosity Bath This unit is designed to perform kinematic viscosity tests using glass capillary viscometers, for this lab  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

protection (OTP), which protects the system and prevents the bath from exceeding safe Actual Bath Temp protection circuit which prevents operating this unit under unsafe electrical conditions. If the power to perform kinematic viscosity tests using glass capillary viscometers, for this lab you will be using Cannon

Saskatchewan, University of

454

Structural Analysis of the Mn(IV)/Fe(III) Cofactor of Chlamydia Trachomatis Ribonucleotide Reductase By Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy And Density Functional Theory Calculations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The class Ic ribonucleotide reductase from Chlamydia trachomatis (C{bar A}) uses a stable Mn(lV)/ Fe(lll) cofactor to initiate nucleotide reduction by a free-radical mechanism. Extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy and density functional theory (DFT) calculations are used to postulate a structure for this cofactor. Fe and Mn K-edge EXAFS data yield an intermetallic distance of -2.92 {angstrom}. The Mn data also suggest the presence of a short 1.74 {angstrom} Mn-O bond. These metrics are compared to the results of DFT calculations on 12 cofactor models derived from the crystal structure of the inactive Fe2(lll/ III) form of the protein. Models are differentiated by the protonation states of their bridging and terminal OH{sub x} ligands as well as the location of the Mn(lV) ion (site 1 or 2). The models that agree best with experimental observation feature a{mu}-1, 3-carboxylate bridge (E120), terminal solvent (H{sub 2}O/OH) to site 1, one {mu}-O bridge, and one {mu}-OH bridge. The site-placement of the metal ions cannot be discerned from the available data.

Younker, J.M.; Krest, C.M.; Jiang, W.; Krebs, C.; Bollinger, J.M.Jr.; Green, M.T.

2009-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

455

Structural analysis of the endogenous glycoallergen Hev b 2 (endo--1,3-glucanase) from Hevea brasiliensis and its recognition by human basophils  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study describes the three-dimensional structure of the endogenous glycosylated allergen Hev b 2 (endo--1,3-glucanase), which exhibits three post-translational modifications that form a patch on the surface of the molecule that is proposed to be an allergenic IgE epitope.

Rodr?guez-Romero, A.

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

456

Proceedings of ERAD (2002): 95103 c Copernicus GmbH 2002 Extraction and analysis of structural features in cloud radar and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Zhariy3 , P. MaaÃ?3 , and K. Sassen4 1 GKSS Research Center, Institute for Coastal Research, Geesthacht the morphology of cloud fields as well as cloud internal structure. The GKSS 95 GHz cloud radar: M. Quante (markus.quante@gkss.de) is of importance for the development of strategies and codes

Teschke, Gerd

457

Structural and biophysical analysis of interactions between cod and human uracil-DNA N-glycosylase (UNG) and UNG inhibitor (Ugi)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A structural and biophysical study of the interactions between cod and human uracil-DNA N-glycosylase (UNG) and their inhibitor Ugi is presented. The stronger interaction between cod UNG and Ugi can be explained by a greater positive electrostatic surface potential.

Assefa, N.G.

2014-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

458

The x-ray crystal structure analysis of the complex formed by trypsin with the thrombin inhibitor 4-chloro-3-ethoxy-7-guanidinoisocoumarin: implications for mechanism and drug design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE X-RAY CRYSTAL STRUCTURE ANALYSIS OF THE COMPLEX FORMED BY TRYPSIN WITH THE THROMBIN INHIBITOR 4-CHLORO-3-ETHOXY-7-GUANIDINOISOCOUMARINr IMPLICATIONS FOR MECHANISM AND DRUG DESIGN A Thesis by MARGARET MEI-SHIN CHOW Submitted to the Office... INHIBITOR 4 ? CHLORO ? 3 ? ETHOXY-7-GUANIDINOISOCOUMARIN: IMPLICATIONS FOR MECHANISM AND DRUG DESIGN A Thesis by MARGARET MEI-SHIN CHOW Approved as to style and content by: E ga F. Meyer, (Chair of Committee) art unn (He d of epartment) C. Nxc Pace...

Chow, Margaret Mei-Shin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

459

Crystal Structures and Small-angle X-ray Scattering Analysis of UDP-galactopyranose Mutase from the Pathogenic Fungus Aspergillus fumigatus  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

UDP-galactopyranose mutase (UGM) is a flavoenzyme that catalyzes the conversion of UDP-galactopyranose to UDP-galactofuranose, which is a central reaction in galactofuranose biosynthesis. Galactofuranose has never been found in humans but is an essential building block of the cell wall and extracellular matrix of many bacteria, fungi, and protozoa. The importance of UGM for the viability of many pathogens and its absence in humans make UGM a potential drug target. Here we report the first crystal structures and small-angle x-ray scattering data for UGM from the fungus Aspergillus fumigatus, the causative agent of aspergillosis. The structures reveal that Aspergillus UGM has several extra secondary and tertiary structural elements that are not found in bacterial UGMs yet are important for substrate recognition and oligomerization. Small-angle x-ray scattering data show that Aspergillus UGM forms a tetramer in solution, which is unprecedented for UGMs. The binding of UDP or the substrate induces profound conformational changes in the enzyme. Two loops on opposite sides of the active site move toward each other by over 10 {angstrom} to cover the substrate and create a closed active site. The degree of substrate-induced conformational change exceeds that of bacterial UGMs and is a direct consequence of the unique quaternary structure of Aspergillus UGM. Galactopyranose binds at the re face of the FAD isoalloxazine with the anomeric carbon atom poised for nucleophilic attack by the FAD N5 atom. The structural data provide new insight into substrate recognition and the catalytic mechanism and thus will aid inhibitor design.

Dhatwalia, Richa; Singh, Harkewal; Oppenheimer, Michelle; Karr, Dale B.; Nix, Jay C.; Sobrado, Pablo; Tanner, John J. (Missouri); (LBNL); (VPI-SU)

2012-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

460

Structure function monitor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods and apparatus for a structure function monitor provide for generation of parameters characterizing a refractive medium. In an embodiment, a structure function monitor acquires images of a pupil plane and an image plane and, from these images, retrieves the phase over an aperture, unwraps the retrieved phase, and analyzes the unwrapped retrieved phase. In an embodiment, analysis yields atmospheric parameters measured at spatial scales from zero to the diameter of a telescope used to collect light from a source.

McGraw, John T. (Placitas, NM); Zimmer, Peter C. (Albuquerque, NM); Ackermann, Mark R. (Albuquerque, NM)

2012-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kinematic structural analysis" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Cryoelectron Microscopy as a Functional Instrument for Systems Biology, Structural Analysis & Experimental Manipulations with Living Cells. A comprehensive review of the current works  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The aim of this paper is to give an introductory review of the cryoelectron microscopy as a complex data source for the most of the system biology branches, including the most perspective non-local approaches known as "localomics" and "dynamomics". A brief summary of various cryoelectron mi-croscopy methods and corresponding system biological ap-proaches is given in the text. The above classification can be considered as a useful framework for the primary comprehen-sions about cryoelectron microscopy aims and instrumental tools. We do not discuss any of these concepts in details, but merely point out that their methodological complexity follows only from the structure-functional complexity of biological systems which are investigated in this manner. We also postu-late that one can employ some of the cryoelectron microscopic techniques not only for observation, but also for modification and structural refunctionalization of some biological and similar soft matter objects and microscopic samples. In other world...

Gradov, Oleg V

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Femtosecond laser-induced modification of potassium-magnesium silicate glasses: An analysis of structural changes by near edge x-ray absorption spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effects of femtosecond laser pulse irradiation on the glass structure of alkaline silicate glasses were investigated by x-ray absorption near edge structure spectroscopy using the beamline of the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt at the electron synchrotron BESSY II in Berlin (Germany) by analyzing the magnesium K-edge absorption peak for different laser fluences. The application of fluences above the material modification threshold (2.1 J/cm{sup 2}) leads to a characteristic shift of {approx}1.0 eV in the K-edge revealing a reduced ({approx}3%) mean magnesium bond length to the ligated oxygen ions (Mg-O) along with a reduced average coordination number of the Mg ions.

Seuthe, T.; Eberstein, M. [Fraunhofer-Institut fuer Keramische Technologien und Systeme (IKTS), Winterbergstrasse 28, 01277 Dresden (Germany); Hoefner, M.; Eichler, H. J.; Grehn, M. [Technische Universitaet Berlin, Institut fuer Optik und Atomare Physik, Strasse des 17. Juni 135, 10623 Berlin (Germany); Reinhardt, F. [Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), Abbestr. 2-12, 10587 Berlin (Germany); Tsai, W. J. [ITRI South, Industrial Technology Research Institute, 8 Gongyan Rd., Liu-jia District, Tainan City 73445, Taiwan (China); Bonse, J. [BAM Bundesanstalt fuer Materialforschung und - pruefung, Unter den Eichen 87, 12205 Berlin (Germany)

2012-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

463

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 85, 174110 (2012) Crystal structures, strain analysis, and physical properties of Sr0.7Ce0.3MnO3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

phase transitions were proposed: an octahedral tilting transition at Tc, 938 K (Pm¯3m I4/mcm, R+ 4+ , introducing Jahn-Teller (JT)­active Mn3+ (d4 ) ions. This brings about a transition to a tetragonal structure ), and an isosymmetric, electronically driven (Jahn-Teller­like) transition at Tc,JT 770 K (I4/mcm, R+ 4 I4/mcm, R+ 4

Cambridge, University of

464

Structural Genomics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Structural Genomics ... Structural genomics is the field of science focused on the systematic determination of the three-dimensional structure of the proteins encoded into genomes. ... Structural genomics is spreading the philosophy of high throughput in all fields of science and making available new tools to speed up research procedures. ...

Ivano Bertini

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

13.10J Structural Mechanics, Fall 2002  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fundamental concepts of structural mechanics with applications to marine, civil, and mechanical structures. Residual stresses. Thermal effects. Analysis of beams, columns, tensioned beams, trusses, frames, arches, cables, ...

Patrikalakis, N. M. (Nicholas M.)

466

High-resolution numerical simulation and analysis of Mach reflection structures in detonation waves in low-pressure H2 - O2 - Ar mixtures: a summary of results obtained with the adaptive mesh refinement framework AMROC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Numerical simulation can be key to the understanding of the multi-dimensional nature of transient detonation waves. However, the accurate approximation of realistic detonations is demanding as a wide range of scales needs to be resolved. This paper describes a successful solution strategy that utilizes logically rectangular dynamically adaptive meshes. The hydrodynamic transport scheme and the treatment of the non-equilibrium reaction terms are sketched. A ghost fluid approach is integrated into the method to allow for embedded geometrically complex boundaries. Large-scale parallel simulations of unstable detonation structures of Chapman-Jouguet detonations in low-pressure hydrogen-oxygen-argon mixtures demonstrate the efficiency of the described techniques in practice. In particular, computations of regular cellular structures in two and three space dimensions and their development under transient conditions, i.e. under diffraction and for propagation through bends are presented. Some of the observed patterns are classified by shock polar analysis and a diagram of the transition boundaries between possible Mach reflection structures is constructed.

Deiterding, Ralf [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Structural Analysis of a Viral Ovarian Tumor Domain Protease from the Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus in Complex with Covalently Bonded Ubiquitin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) virus is a tick-borne, negative-sense, single-stranded RNA [ssRNA(-)] nairovirus that produces fever, prostration, and severe hemorrhages in humans. With fatality rates for CCHF ranging up to 70% based on several factors, CCHF is considered a dangerous emerging disease. Originally identified in the former Soviet Union and the Congo, CCHF has rapidly spread across large sections of Europe, Asia, and Africa. Recent reports have identified a viral homologue of the ovarian tumor protease superfamily (vOTU) within its L protein. This protease has subsequently been implicated in downregulation of the type I interferon immune response through cleavage of posttranslational modifying proteins ubiquitin (Ub) and the Ub-like interferon-simulated gene 15 (ISG15). Additionally, homologues of vOTU have been suggested to perform similar roles in the positive-sense, single-stranded RNA [ssRNA(+)] arteriviruses. By utilizing X-ray crystallographic techniques, the structure of vOTU covalently bound to ubiquitin propylamine, a suicide substrate of the enzyme, was elucidated to 1.7 {angstrom}, revealing unique structural elements that define this new subclass of the OTU superfamily. In addition, kinetic studies were carried out with aminomethylcoumarin (AMC) conjugates of monomeric Ub, ISG15, and NEDD8 (neural precursor cell expressed, developmentally downregulated 8) substrates in order to provide quantitative insights into vOTU's preference for Ub and Ub-like substrates.

Capodagli, Glenn C.; McKercher, Marissa A.; Baker, Erica A.; Masters, Emily M.; Brunzelle, Joseph S.; Pegan, Scott D. (Denver); (NWU)

2014-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

468

Structural characterization of Green River oil-shale at high-pressure using pair distribution function analysis and small angle x-ray scattering.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The compression behavior of a silicate-rich oil shale from the Green River formation in the pressure range 0.0-2.4 GPa was studied using in situ high pressure X-ray pair distribution function (PDF) measurements for the sample contained within a Paris-Edinburgh cell. The real-space local structural information in the PDF, G(r), was used to evaluate the compressibility of the oil shale. Specifically, the pressure-induced reduction in the medium- to long-range atom distances (6-20 {angstrom}) yielded an average sample compressibility corresponding to a bulk modulus of ca. 61-67 GPa. A structural model consisting of a three phase mixture of the principal crystalline oil shale components (quartz, albite and Illite) provided a good fit to the ambient pressure PDF data (R 30.7%). Indeed the features in the PDF beyond 6 {angstrom}, were similarly well fit by a single phase model of the highest symmetry, highly crystalline quartz component.

Locke, D. R.; Chupas, P. J.; Chapman, K. W.; Pugmire, R. J.; Winans, R. E.; Univ. of Utah

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

THE KINEMATICS AND PLASMA PROPERTIES OF A SOLAR SURGE TRIGGERED BY CHROMOSPHERIC ACTIVITY IN AR11271  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We observe a solar surge in NOAA AR11271 using the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Atmospheric Imaging Assembly 304 A image data on 2011 August 25. The surge rises vertically from its origin up to a height of Almost-Equal-To 65 Mm with a terminal velocity of Almost-Equal-To 100 km s{sup -1}, and thereafter falls and fades gradually. The total lifetime of the surge was Almost-Equal-To 20 minutes. We also measure the temperature and density distribution of the observed surge during its maximum rise and find an average temperature and a density of 2.0 MK and 4.1 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 9} cm{sup -3}, respectively. The temperature map shows the expansion and mixing of cool plasma lagging behind the hot coronal plasma along the surge. Because SDO/HMI temporal image data do not show any detectable evidence of significant photospheric magnetic field cancellation for the formation of the observed surge, we infer that it is probably driven by magnetic-reconnection-generated thermal energy in the lower chromosphere. The radiance (and thus the mass density) oscillations near the base of the surge are also evident, which may be the most likely signature of its formation by a reconnection-generated pulse. In support of the present observational baseline of the triggering of the surge due to chromospheric heating, we devise a numerical model with conceivable implementation of the VAL-C atmosphere and a thermal pulse as an initial trigger. We find that the pulse steepens into a slow shock at higher altitudes which triggers plasma perturbations exhibiting the observed features of the surge, e.g., terminal velocity, height, width, lifetime, and heated fine structures near its base.

Kayshap, P.; Srivastava, Abhishek K. [Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Manora Peak, Nainital 263 129 (India)] [Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Manora Peak, Nainital 263 129 (India); Murawski, K., E-mail: kmur@kft.umcs.lublin.pl [Group of Astrophysics, UMCS, ul. Radziszewskiego 10, 20-031 Lublin (Poland)

2013-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

470

GalPak3D: A Bayesian parametric tool for extracting morpho-kinematics of galaxies from 3D data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a method to constrain galaxy parameters directly from 3-dimensional data-cubes. The algorithm compares directly the data-cube with a parametric model mapped in $x,y,\\lambda$ coordinates. It uses the spectral Line Spread Function (LSF) and the spatial Point Spread Function (PSF) to generate a 3-dimensional kernel whose characteristics are instrument-specific or user-generated. The algorithm returns the intrinsic modeled properties along with both an `intrinsic' model data-cube and the modeled galaxy convolved with the 3D-kernel. The algorithm uses a Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) approach with a non-traditional proposal distribution in order to efficiently probe the parameter space. We demonstrate the robustness of the algorithm using 1728 mock galaxies and galaxies generated from hydrodynamical simulations in various seeing conditions from 0.6" to 1.2". We find that the algorithm can recover the morphological parameters (inclination, position angle) to within 10% and the kinematic parameters (maxi...

Bouché, N; Schroetter, I; Michel-Dansac, L; Contini, T

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Measurement of the Inclusive Electron Spectrum in Charmless Semileptonic B Decays Near the Kinematic Endpoint and Determination of |Vub|  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a measurement of the inclusive electron spectrum in B {yields} X{sub u}e{nu} decays near the kinematic limit for B {yields} X{sub c}e{nu} transitions, using a sample of 88 million B{bar B} pairs recorded by the BABAR detector at the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance. Partial branching fraction measurements are performed in five overlapping intervals of the electron momentum; for the interval of 2.0-2.6 GeV/c we obtain {Delta}{Beta}(B {yields} X{sub u}e{nu}) = (0.572 {+-} 0.041{sub stat} {+-} 0.065{sub syst}) x 10{sup -3}. Combining this result with shape function parameters extracted from BABAR measurements of moments of the inclusive photon spectrum in B {yields} X{sub s}{gamma} decays and moments of the hadron mass and lepton energy spectra in B {yields} X{sub c}l{nu} decays we determine |V{sub ub}| = 4.44 {+-} 0.25{sub exp{sub -0.38}{sup +0.42}SF} {+-} 0.22{sub theory} x 10{sup -3}. Here the first error represents the combined statistical and systematic experimental uncertainties of the partial branching fraction measurement, the second error refers to the uncertainty of the determination of the shape function parameters, and the third error is due to theoretical uncertainties in the QCD calculations.

Aubert, B.; Barate, R.; Boutigny, D.; Couderc, F.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; Zghiche, A.; /Annecy, LAPP; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona, IFAE; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; Pompili, A.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Chen, J.C.; Qi, N.D.; Rong, G.; Wang, P.; Zhu, Y.S.; /Beijing, Inst. High Energy Phys.; Eigen, G.; Ofte, I.; Stugu, B. /Bergen U. /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /Bristol U. /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UCLA /UC, Riverside /UC, San

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

472

HALO GAS AND GALAXY DISK KINEMATICS DERIVED FROM OBSERVATIONS AND LAMBDACDM SIMULATIONS OF Mg II ABSORPTION-SELECTED GALAXIES AT INTERMEDIATE REDSHIFT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We obtained ESI/Keck rotation curves of 10 Mg II absorption-selected galaxies (0.3 <= z <= 1.0) for which we have WFPC-2/HST images and high-resolution HIRES/Keck and UVES/VLT quasar spectra of the Mg II absorption profiles. We perform a kinematic comparison of these galaxies and their associated halo Mg II absorption. For all 10 galaxies, the majority of the absorption velocities lie in the range of the observed galaxy rotation velocities. In 7/10 cases, the absorption velocities reside fully to one side of the galaxy systemic velocity and usually align with one arm of the rotation curve. In all cases, a constant rotating thick-disk model poorly reproduces the full spread of observed Mg II absorption velocities when reasonably realistic parameters are employed. In 2/10 cases, the galaxy kinematics, star formation surface densities, and absorption kinematics have a resemblance to those of high-redshift galaxies showing strong outflows. We find that Mg II absorption velocity spread and optical depth distribution may be dependent on galaxy inclination. To further aid in the spatial-kinematic relationships of the data, we apply quasar absorption-line techniques to a galaxy (v{sub c} = 180 km s{sup -1}) embedded in LAMBDACDM simulations. In the simulations, Mg II absorption selects metal-enriched 'halo' gas out to {approx}100 kpc from the galaxy, tidal streams, filaments, and small satellite galaxies. Within the limitations inherent in the simulations, the majority of the simulated Mg II absorption arises in the filaments and tidal streams and is infalling toward the galaxy with velocities between -200 km s{sup -1} <= v{sub r} <= -180 km s{sup -1}. The Mg II absorption velocity offset distribution (relative to the simulated galaxy) spans {approx}200 km s{sup -1} with the lowest frequency of detecting Mg II at the galaxy systematic velocity.

Kacprzak, Glenn G.; Murphy, Michael T. [Swinburne University of Technology, Victoria 3122 (Australia); Churchill, Christopher W.; Ceverino, Daniel; Klypin, Anatoly [New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003 (United States); Steidel, Charles C., E-mail: gkacprzak@astro.swin.edu.a, E-mail: mmurphy@astro.swin.edu.a, E-mail: cwc@nmsu.ed, E-mail: ceverino@nmsu.ed, E-mail: aklypin@nmsu.ed, E-mail: ceverino@phys.huji.ac.i, E-mail: ccs@astro.caltech.ed [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

2010-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

473

Visible structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

All architecture is the interplay between structure, surface and ornament. Traditionally, ornament adorned structure thereby giving it its meaning. A society with its intellectual foundations resting in faith or the abstract ...

Conway, Helene Marie

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Structural biology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...systematic attempt to 1980 K. C. Holmes Structural biology...structural genomics (Shapiro & Lima 1998). The purpose...Rosenbaum, G., Holmes, K. C. & Witz, J. 1971 Synchrotron...95, 13 585^13590. Shapiro, L. & Lima, C. D. 1998 The Argonne...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

The Structure of the Circumstellar Envelope of SN 1987A  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The volume around the SN 1987A contains a variety of structures, not just the three rings glowing in recombination lines. Many of these are revealed by light echoes, so are mapped in three dimensions by our optical imaging of the SN environs. The rings reside in a bipolar nebula containing them at its waist and crowns, and which is itself contained in a larger, diffuse nebula with a detectable equatorial overdensity. This diffuse nebula terminates in a denser wall which likely marks the inner edge of a bubble blown by the progenitor's main sequence wind. Along with mapping these structures, we measure spectroscopically the velocity of the gas, revealing, for instance, kinematic ages for the inner and outer rings in close agreement with each other. The presence of these structures, their ages and morphologies must be included in models explaining the evolution of the progenitor star and its mass loss envelope.

Arlin P. S. Crotts

1999-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

476

Time series of high resolution photospheric spectra in a quiet region of the Sun. II. Analysis of the variation of physical quantities of granular structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From the inversion of a time series of high resolution slit spectrograms obtained from the quiet sun, the spatial and temporal distribution of the thermodynamical quantities and the vertical flow velocity is derived as a function of logarithmic optical depth and geometrical height. Spatial coherence and phase shift analyzes between temperature and vertical velocity depict the height variation of these physical quantities for structures of different size. An average granular cell model is presented, showing the granule-intergranular lane stratification of temperature, vertical velocity, gas pressure and density as a function of logarithmic optical depth and geometrical height. Studies of a specific small and a specific large granular cell complement these results. A strong decay of the temperature fluctuations with increasing height together with a less efficient penetration of smaller cells is revealed. The T -T coherence at all granular scales is broken already at log tau =-1 or z~170 km. At the layers beyon...

Puschmann, K G; Vazquez, M; Bonet, J A; Hanslmeier, A; 10.1051/0004-6361:20047193

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Probing the Structure of {sup 74}Ge Nucleus with Coupled-channels Analysis of {sup 74}Ge+{sup 74}Ge Fusion Reaction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the fusion reaction of the {sup 74}Ge+{sup 74}Ge system in term of the full order coupled-channels formalism. We especially calculated the fusion cross section as well as the fusion barrier distribution of this reaction using transition matrix suggested by recent Coulomb excitation experiment. We compare the results with the one obtained by coupling matrix based on pure vibrational and rotational models. The present coupled-channels calculations for the barrier distributions obtained using experiment coupling matrix is in good agreement with the one obtained with vibrational model, in contrast to the rotational model. This is indicates that {sup 74}Ge nucleus favor a spherical shape than a deformed shape in its ground state. Our results will resolve the debates concerning the structure of this nucleus.

Zamrun F, Muhammad [Deparment of Physics University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 50603 (Malaysia); Jurusan Fisika FMIPA, Universitas Haluoleo, Kendari, Sulawesi Tenggara, 93232 (Indonesia); Kasim, Hasan Abu [Deparment of Physics University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 50603 (Malaysia)

2010-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

478

Hyperfine Structure of EuI  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

14 December 1965 research-article Hyperfine Structure of EuI Y. Bordarier B. R. Judd M. Klapisch A theoretical analysis is made of the hyperfine structure of the twelve levels of Eu I...

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Mathematical modelings of smart materials and structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mathematical modelings of smart materials and structures Christian Licht , Thibaut Weller mathematical models of smart materials and smart structures. Smart materials are materials which present perturbations methods, asymptotic analysis, plates and rods models. 1 Introduction Smart materials present

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

480

AN OSIRIS STUDY OF THE GAS KINEMATICS IN A SAMPLE OF UV-SELECTED GALAXIES: EVIDENCE OF 'HOT AND BOTHERED' STARBURSTS IN THE LOCAL UNIVERSE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present data from Integral Field Spectroscopy for three supercompact UV-Luminous Galaxies (ScUVLGs). As nearby (z {approx} 0.2) compact (R {sub 50} {approx} 1-2 kpc) bright Paschen-{alpha} sources, with unusually high star formation rates (SFR = 3-100 M {sub sun} yr{sup -1}), ScUVLGs are an ideal population for studying detailed kinematics and dynamics in actively star-forming galaxies. In addition, ScUVLGs appear to be excellent analogs to high-redshift Lyman Break Galaxies (LBGs), and our results may offer additional insight into the dynamics of LBGs. Previous work by our team has shown that the morphologies of these galaxies exhibit tidal features and companions, and in this study we find that the dynamics of ScUVLGs are dominated by disturbed kinematics of the emission line gas-suggesting that these galaxies have undergone recent feedback, interactions, or mergers. While two of the three galaxies do display rotation, v/{sigma}<1-suggesting dispersion-dominated kinematics rather than smooth rotation. We also simulate how these observations would appear at z {approx} 2. Lower resolution and loss of low surface brightness features cause some apparent discrepancies between the low-z (observed) and high-z (simulated) interpretations and quantitatively gives different values for v/{sigma}, yet simulations of these low-z analogs manage to detect the brightest regions well and resemble actual high-z observations of LBGs.

Basu-Zych, Antara R.; Schiminovich, David; O'Dowd, Matt [Department of Astronomy, Columbia University, 550 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027 (United States); Goncalves, Thiago S.; Martin, Chris; Wyder, Ted [California Institute of Technology, MC 405-47, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Overzier, Roderik [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astrophysik, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Law, David R. [Department of Physics and Astron