National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for kinematic structural analysis

  1. A Numerical Approach to the Kinematic Analysis of Deployable Structures forming a Closed Loop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pellegrino, Sergio

    A Numerical Approach to the Kinematic Analysis of Deployable Structures forming a Closed Loop W This paper is concerned with the kinematics of deployable structures, based on the concept of a mechanical, CB2 1PZ, UK. pellegrino@eng.cam.ac.uk March 20, 2006 Keywords: Deployable structures, kinematic

  2. Kinematics Algorithms for Tensegrity Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burt, Steven James

    2013-01-01

    A kinematic notation for lower-pair mechanisms based onKinematic analysis of a translational 3-dof tensegrity mechanism.

  3. Kinematics Algorithms for Tensegrity Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burt, Steven James

    2013-01-01

    Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Journal of Space Structures, 18(4):209–223, 2003. [27] Hoangfinding of tensegrity structures. Computers and Structures,

  4. CARMA Large Area Star Formation Survey: project overview with analysis of dense gas structure and kinematics in Barnard 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Storm, Shaye; Mundy, Lee G.; Lee, Katherine I.; Teuben, Peter; Pound, Marc W.; Salter, Demerese M.; Chen, Che-Yu; Gong, Hao; Fernández-López, Manuel; Looney, Leslie W.; Segura-Cox, Dominique M.; Rosolowsky, Erik; Arce, Héctor G.; Plunkett, Adele L.; Ostriker, Eve C.; Volgenau, Nikolaus H.; Shirley, Yancy L.; Tobin, John J.; Kwon, Woojin; Isella, Andrea; and others

    2014-10-20

    We present details of the CARMA Large Area Star Formation Survey (CLASSy), while focusing on observations of Barnard 1. CLASSy is a CARMA Key Project that spectrally imaged N{sub 2}H{sup +}, HCO{sup +}, and HCN (J = 1 ? 0 transitions) across over 800 square arcminutes of the Perseus and Serpens Molecular Clouds. The observations have angular resolution near 7'' and spectral resolution near 0.16 km s{sup –1}. We imaged ?150 square arcminutes of Barnard 1, focusing on the main core, and the B1 Ridge and clumps to its southwest. N{sub 2}H{sup +} shows the strongest emission, with morphology similar to cool dust in the region, while HCO{sup +} and HCN trace several molecular outflows from a collection of protostars in the main core. We identify a range of kinematic complexity, with N{sub 2}H{sup +} velocity dispersions ranging from ?0.05 to 0.50 km s{sup –1} across the field. Simultaneous continuum mapping at 3 mm reveals six compact object detections, three of which are new detections. A new, non-binary dendrogram algorithm is used to analyze dense gas structures in the N{sub 2}H{sup +} position-position-velocity (PPV) cube. The projected sizes of dendrogram-identified structures range from about 0.01 to 0.34 pc. Size-linewidth relations using those structures show that non-thermal line-of-sight velocity dispersion varies weakly with projected size, while rms variation in the centroid velocity rises steeply with projected size. Comparing these relations, we propose that all dense gas structures in Barnard 1 have comparable depths into the sky, around 0.1-0.2 pc; this suggests that overdense, parsec-scale regions within molecular clouds are better described as flattened structures rather than spherical collections of gas. Science-ready PPV cubes for Barnard 1 molecular emission are available for download.

  5. Tolerance Analysis of Assemblies Using Kinematically Derived Sensitivities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , which may be added to a kinematic model, resulting in an "equivalent variational mechanism" (EVM), which and kinematic/dynamic properties of mechanisms. Chapter 1. Introduction 1.1 Background Information ToleranceTolerance Analysis of Assemblies Using Kinematically Derived Sensitivities ADCATS Report No. 99

  6. STELLAR KINEMATICS AND STRUCTURAL PROPERTIES OF VIRGO CLUSTER DWARF EARLY-TYPE GALAXIES FROM THE SMAKCED PROJECT. II. THE SURVEY AND A SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS OF KINEMATIC ANOMALIES AND ASYMMETRIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Toloba, E.; Guhathakurta, P. [UCO/Lick Observatory, University of California, Santa Cruz, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Peletier, R. F. [Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, Postbus 800, 9700 AV Groningen (Netherlands); Boselli, A. [Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille-LAM, Université d'Aix-Marseille and CNRS, UMR 7326, 38 rue F. Joliot-Curie, 13388 Marseille Cedex 13 (France); Lisker, T. [Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstraße 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Falcón-Barroso, J.; Ry?, A. [Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, Vía Láctea s/n, La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Simon, J. D. [Observatories of the Carnegie Institution for Science, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Van de Ven, G. [Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Paudel, S. [Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daejeon 305-348 (Korea, Republic of); Emsellem, E. [European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2, D-85748, Garching (Germany); Janz, J. [Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing, Swinburne University, Hawthorn, VIC 3122 (Australia); Den Brok, M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 (United States); Gorgas, J. [Departamento de Astrofísica y Física de la Atmósfera, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, E-28040, Madrid (Spain); Hensler, G. [Department of Astrophysics, University of Vienna, Türkenschanzstraße 17, 1180 Vienna (Austria); Laurikainen, E.; Salo, H. [Division of Astronomy, Department of Physics, PO Box 3000, FI-90014 University of Oulu (Finland); Niemi, S.-M., E-mail: toloba@ucolick.org [Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St. Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT (United Kingdom)

    2015-01-01

    We present spatially resolved kinematics and global stellar populations and mass-to-light ratios for a sample of 39 dwarf early-type (dE) galaxies in the Virgo cluster studied as part of the SMAKCED stellar absorption-line spectroscopy and imaging survey. This sample is representative of the early-type population in the Virgo cluster in the absolute magnitude range –19.0 < M{sub r} < –16.0 and of all morphological subclasses found in this galaxy population. For each dE, we measure the rotation curve and velocity dispersion profile and fit an analytic function to the rotation curve. We study the significance of the departure of the rotation curve from the best-fit analytic function (poorly fit) and of the difference between the approaching and receding sides of the rotation curve (asymmetry). Our sample includes two dEs with kinematically decoupled cores that have been previously reported. We find that 62 ± 8% (23 out of the 39) of the dEs have a significant anomaly in their rotation curve. Analysis of the images reveals photometric anomalies for most galaxies. However, there is no clear correlation between the significance of the photometric and kinematic anomalies. We measure age-sensitive (H{sub ?} and H{sub ?A}) and metallicity sensitive (Fe4668 and Mgb) Lick spectral indices in the LIS-5 Å system. This population of galaxies exhibits a wide range of ages and metallicities; we also find that 4 dEs show clear evidence of emission partially filling in the Balmer absorption lines. Finally, we estimate the total masses and dark matter fractions of the dEs and plot them in the mass-size, the mass-velocity dispersion, and the fundamental plane scaling relations. The dEs seem to be the bridge between massive early-type galaxies and dSphs, and have a median total mass within the R{sub e} of log M{sub e} = 9.1 ± 0.2 and a median dark matter fraction within the R{sub e} of f {sub DM} = 46 ± 18%. Any formation model for the dE galaxy class must account for this diversity of kinematic and photometric anomalies and stellar populations.

  7. KINEMATIC, DYNAMIC AND WORKSPACE ANALYSIS OF A NOVEL 6-DOF PARALLEL MANIPULATOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krovi, Venkat

    KINEMATIC, DYNAMIC AND WORKSPACE ANALYSIS OF A NOVEL 6-DOF PARALLEL MANIPULATOR by Hrishi L. Shah Shah SUNY BUFFALO KINEMATIC, DYNAMIC AND WORKSPACE ANALYSIS OF A NOVEL 6-DOF PARALLEL MANIPULATOR #12 .........................................................................................12 3.1. Kinematic Analysis .......

  8. Kinematical Analysis of an Articulated Mechanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleischfresser, Luciano

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this work is twofold: to present mathematical expressions for the kinematics of an articulated mechanism and to perform numerical experiments with the implemented Fortran code. The system of rigid parts is made of two slender bars and a disk. A constant 2 rad/s counterclockwise rotation rate is imposed on the disk triggering the planar motion of the longer bar (link) and the rotation of the shorter one (output). Angular relations, velocities and accelerations are analyzed for a 90-degree turn of the disk. The inversion of the linking bar sense of rotation is well captured by the simulation, and the paper and pencil solutions that may lead to wrong conclusions are explained. Equations are derived from first principles and the Fortran code is placed under version control (currently, v.0.8-beta). This computer project is relevant for those in charge of vector dynamics courses and wishing to expose students to project-based learning activities.

  9. Mathematical Analysis of Thermoplasticity with Linear Kinematic Hardening

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Racke, Reinhard

    Mathematical Analysis of Thermoplasticity with Linear Kinematic Hardening Krzysztof Che lmi#19;nski #3;y & Reinhard Racke z Abstract We study thermoplasticity with the Prandtl-Reuss ow rule approximation, converges to a global in time solution of the (modi#12;ed) system of thermoplasticity. AMS classi

  10. INVERSE KINEMATICS AND DYNAMICS ANALYSIS OF A THREE LEGGED PARALLEL MECHANISM ACTUATED BY AGVs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saha, Subir Kumar

    1 INVERSE KINEMATICS AND DYNAMICS ANALYSIS OF A THREE LEGGED PARALLEL MECHANISM ACTUATED BY AGVs kinematics and inverse dynamics analysis of a parallel mechanism is presented. The mechanism consists configuration. Inverse kinematics and dynamics analysis is also performed for the three actuators (mobile robots

  11. Kinematics and Workspace Analysis for a Novel 6-PSS Parallel Manipulator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yangmin

    Kinematics and Workspace Analysis for a Novel 6-PSS Parallel Manipulator Weiyuan Xu, Yangmin Li author e-mail: ymli@umac.mo. mechanisms also have been investigated extensively on a kinematics scope, e.g., a kinematics analysis for Stewart- Gough platform with 6-DOF was performed by J.-P. Merlet [11]. A new method

  12. Kinematics and Stiffness Analysis for a General 3-PRS Spatial Parallel Mechanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yangmin

    Kinematics and Stiffness Analysis for a General 3-PRS Spatial Parallel Mechanism Yangmin Li- ing the same kinematics. A new kind of mechanism called a general 3-PRS parallel mechanism has been and forward kinematics complexity. A parallel mechanism typically consists of a moving platform

  13. INCORPORATING GEOMETRIC FEATURE VARIATION WITH KINEMATIC TOLERANCE ANALYSIS OF 3D ASSEMBLIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - wide user base. In an effort to greatly increase the proportion of companies with variation analysisINCORPORATING GEOMETRIC FEATURE VARIATION WITH KINEMATIC TOLERANCE ANALYSIS OF 3D ASSEMBLIES VARIATION WITH KINEMATIC TOLERANCE ANALYSIS OF 3D ASSEMBLIES Jeffrey G. Dabling Department of Mechanical

  14. Following the invisible trail: kinematic analysis of mate-tracking in the copepod

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yen, Jeannette

    Following the invisible trail: kinematic analysis of mate-tracking in the copepod Temora analysis indicates both sequential and simultaneous taxis mechanisms are used byTemora to follow the odour movements during tracking. Kinematic analysis is a powerful tool that has been used to investigate sensory

  15. A New Monte Carlo Simulation Method for Tolerance Analysis of Kinematically Constrained Assemblies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A New Monte Carlo Simulation Method for Tolerance Analysis of Kinematically Constrained Assemblies Abstract A generalized Monte Carlo simulation method is presented for tolerance analysis of mechanical assemblies with small kinematic adjustments. This is a new tool for assembly tolerance analysis based

  16. Short communication Nonlinear analysis of gait kinematics to track changes in oxygen consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chelidze, David

    Short communication Nonlinear analysis of gait kinematics to track changes in oxygen consumption systems analysis, kinematic angle time series were used to estimate phase space warping based features Center, Kansas St, Natick, MA 01760, USA b Mechanical Engineering & Applied Mechanics, University

  17. KINEMATIC AND DYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF A SPATIAL ONE-DOF FOLDABLE TENSEGRITY MECHANISM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayes, John

    KINEMATIC AND DYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF A SPATIAL ONE-DOF FOLDABLE TENSEGRITY MECHANISM M. A. Swartz1 , M analysis of a spatial 1-DOF tensegrity mechanism created by connecting three planar tensegrity mechanisms: tensegrity; foldable mechanisms; deployable mechanisms; kinematic model; dy- namic model. ANALYSE M ´ECANIQUE

  18. Kinematics and Force Analysis of a Five-Link Mechanism by the Four Spaces Jacoby Matrix

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borissova, Daniela

    5 3 Kinematics and Force Analysis of a Five-Link Mechanism by the Four Spaces Jacoby Matrix Ivan . = . 2 , . 5 ]T of the bodies 2 and 5 and depends on the transfer function of the mechanism. Usually kinematics problem and for the considered MS could be solved using different approaches [3]. The analytical

  19. A Numerical Analysis of a Kinematic Stirling-Cycle Beat Pump for Space Conditioning Applications*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    alternative heat pump against GPU-3 engine test data. concept. The Stirling machine has long been proven#12;A Numerical Analysis of a Kinematic Stirling-Cycle Beat Pump for Space Conditioning simulation was performed on a only recently been explored. 'To substantiate kinematic Stirling heat pump

  20. Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing 23 (2007) 395408 Kinematic analysis of a 3-PRS parallel manipulator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yangmin

    2007-01-01

    Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing 23 (2007) 395­408 Kinematic analysis of a 3-PRS be considered as the same kind of mechanism since they can be treated with the same kinematic algorithm. A 3-PRS manipulator are designed. r 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Parallel mechanism; Kinematics

  1. COMPARISONS OF THE KINEMATICS AND DEEP STRUCTURES OF THE ZAGROS AND HIMALAYA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatzfeld, Denis

    Click Here for Full Article COMPARISONS OF THE KINEMATICS AND DEEP STRUCTURES OF THE ZAGROS of deformation of the Hima- laya and the adjacent Tibetan Plateau with those of the Zagros and Iranian Plateau not yet developed in the Zagros, where collision is more recent and Arabia penetrates into Eurasia more

  2. KINEMATICS, STATICS, AND DEXTERITY OF PLANAR ACTIVE STRUCTURE MODULES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams II, Robert L.

    trusses). Unfortunately, the few systems actually built to date have not delivered these desired waste remediation [4,5]. Many authors have presented results for active structures, but the work has not lived up to the promise of active structures because they are too heavy, too flexible, too slow

  3. Tolerance Analysis of 2-D and 3-D Mechanical Assemblies with Small Kinematic Adjustments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tolerance Analysis of 2-D and 3-D Mechanical Assemblies with Small Kinematic Adjustments Kenneth W. Chase Spencer P. Magleby Department of Mechanical Engineering Brigham Young University Provo, Utah the Direct Linearization Method (DLM), is presented for tolerance analysis of 2-D and 3-D mechanical

  4. Generalized 3-D Tolerance Analysis of Mechanical Assemblies with Small Kinematic Adjustments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Generalized 3-D Tolerance Analysis of Mechanical Assemblies with Small Kinematic Adjustments of Mechanical Engineering Brigham Young University Provo, Utah Abstract The Direct Linearization Method (DLM) for tolerance analysis of 3-D mechanical assemblies is presented. Vector assembly models are used, based on 3-D

  5. General 2-D Tolerance Analysis of Mechanical Assemblies with Small Kinematic Adjustments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    General 2-D Tolerance Analysis of Mechanical Assemblies with Small Kinematic Adjustments Kenneth W. Chase Jinsong Gao Spencer P. Magleby Department of Mechanical Engineering Brigham Young University), is presented for tolerance analysis of 2-D mechanical assemblies which generalizes vector loop-based models

  6. Chapter 5. Static Non-Linear Analysis of Parallel Kinematic XY Flexure Mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awtar, Shorya

    101 Chapter 5. Static Non-Linear Analysis of Parallel Kinematic XY Flexure Mechanisms In this chapter we present the static non-linear analysis for some of the XY flexure mechanism designs that were measures of these XY flexure mechanism designs. The attributes that are of concern were explained

  7. Structure and kinematics of galaxy clusters I. The redshift catalogue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Stein

    1996-01-12

    An extensive redshift survey has been conducted on a sample of 15 nearby (0.01 < z < 0.05) clusters of galaxies. A total number of 860 redshifts were determined by fitting of emission--lines and/or cross-correlation techniques. Of this sample, 735 galaxies are within 0.2--0.8 Mpc ($H_0$ = 50 km/s/Mpc) of the center of clusters. Approximate morphological types are available for most of the galaxies. A comparison of the present redshifts with published data allows an extensive error analysis. The agreement is excellent with the most modern data, showing a zero point error of 5 km/s and an overall consistency of the measurements and their uncertainties. We estimate our redshifts to have mean random errors around 30 km/s. A population analysis of the clusters will be given in a forthcoming paper.

  8. The Plane Truth: Andromeda analog thin Planes of Satellites are not kinematical coherent structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buck, Tobias; Macciò, Andrea V

    2015-01-01

    A large fraction of the dwarf satellite galaxies orbiting the Andromeda galaxy are surprisingly aligned in a thin, extended and seemingly kinematically coherent planar structure. Such a structure is not easily found in simulations based on the Cold Dark Matter model. Using 21 high resolution cosmological simulations based on this model we analyze in detail the kinematical structure of planes of satellites resembling the one observed around Andromeda when co-rotation is characterized by the line-of-sight velocity. At the same time, when co-rotation is inferred by the angular momenta of the satellites, the planes are in excellent agreement with the plane around the Milky Way. Furthermore, we find such planes to be common in our simulations. Investigation of the kinematics of the satellites in the plane reveals that the number of co-rotating satellites varies by 2 to 5 out of ~12 depending on the viewing angle. These variations are consistent with that obtained from a sample with random velocities. Using instead...

  9. ARMA/NARMS 04-520 Bifurcation analysis of a three-invariant, isotropic/kinematic hardening cap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regueiro, Richard A.

    ARMA/NARMS 04-520 Bifurcation analysis of a three-invariant, isotropic/kinematic hardening cap-invariant, isotropic/kinematic hard- ening cap plasticity model. Bifurcation analysis is the first step in developing Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 Copyright 2004, ARMA, American Rock Mechanics Association

  10. Safety assessment of historical masonry churches based on pre-assigned kinematic limit analysis, FE limit and pushover analyses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milani, Gabriele Valente, Marco

    2014-10-06

    This study presents some results of a comprehensive numerical analysis on three masonry churches damaged by the recent Emilia-Romagna (Italy) seismic events occurred in May 2012. The numerical study comprises: (a) pushover analyses conducted with a commercial code, standard nonlinear material models and two different horizontal load distributions; (b) FE kinematic limit analyses performed using a non-commercial software based on a preliminary homogenization of the masonry materials and a subsequent limit analysis with triangular elements and interfaces; (c) kinematic limit analyses conducted in agreement with the Italian code and based on the a-priori assumption of preassigned failure mechanisms, where the masonry material is considered unable to withstand tensile stresses. All models are capable of giving information on the active failure mechanism and the base shear at failure, which, if properly made non-dimensional with the weight of the structure, gives also an indication of the horizontal peak ground acceleration causing the collapse of the church. The results obtained from all three models indicate that the collapse is usually due to the activation of partial mechanisms (apse, façade, lateral walls, etc.). Moreover the horizontal peak ground acceleration associated to the collapse is largely lower than that required in that seismic zone by the Italian code for ordinary buildings. These outcomes highlight that structural upgrading interventions would be extremely beneficial for the considerable reduction of the seismic vulnerability of such kind of historical structures.

  11. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ROBOTICS, VOL. 25, NO. 5, OCTOBER 2009 1087 Kinematic Modeling and Analysis of Skid-Steered

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi, Jingang

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ROBOTICS, VOL. 25, NO. 5, OCTOBER 2009 1087 Kinematic Modeling and Analysis--Skid-steered mobile robots are widely used because of their simple mechanism and high reliability. Understanding the kinematics and dynamics of such a robotic platform is, how- ever, challenging due to the complex wheel

  12. Sampling-Based Motion Planning under Kinematic Loop-Closure Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortés, Juan

    ). Complex articulated mechanisms with closed kinematic chains appear in all the domains where motion- ple closed kinematic chains. biology for the structural analysis of protein loops. All. Basically, motion constraints are due to the kinematic structure of the mechanism and to collision avoid

  13. Evolution of Structure in Late-type Spiral Galaxies I: Ionized Gas Kinematics in NGC 628

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambiz Fathi; John E. Beckman; Almudena Zurita; Monica Relano; Johan H. Knapen; Olivier Daigle; Olivier Hernandez; Claude Carignan

    2007-03-01

    We study two dimensional Fabry-Perot interferometric observations of the nearby face-on late-type spiral galaxy, NGC 628, in order to analyse the ionized gas component of the interstellar medium. Covering the galaxy out to a radius larger than 12 kpc, and with a spatial sampling of 1.6 arcsec, we investigate the large-scale dynamics as well as feedback from individual HII regions into their surrounding medium. We study the role of gravitational perturbations along with that of external triggers which can disturb the kinematics and morphology of NGC 628. We verify the presence of an inner rapidly rotating disc-like component in NGC 628, which we interpret as caused by slow secular evolution of the large-scale spiral arms and oval structure. In combination with auxiliary data, we find indication for that gas is falling in from the outer parts towards the central regions, where a nuclear ring has formed at the location of the inner Lindblad resonance radius of an m=2 perturbation which could help build a pseudo-bulge in NGC 628. Moreover, we calculate radial profiles of the emission-line velocity dispersion which we use to study the role of feedback from individual HII regions. The mean velocity dispersion for the ionized gas (even when excluding pixels belonging to individual HII regions) is almost constant out to 12 kpc, although it varies from 14 to 20 km/s, with a steady decline in the outer parts. The current paper demonstrates a number of tools that we have developed for building a solid frame work for studying the evolution of structure in spiral galaxies using two dimensional kinematic observations.

  14. BAYESIAN ANALYSIS TO IDENTIFY NEW STAR CANDIDATES IN NEARBY YOUNG STELLAR KINEMATIC GROUPS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malo, Lison; Doyon, Rene; Lafreniere, David; Artigau, Etienne; Gagne, Jonathan; Baron, Frederique; Riedel, Adric E-mail: doyon@astro.umontreal.ca E-mail: artigau@astro.umontreal.ca E-mail: baron@astro.umontreal.ca

    2013-01-10

    We present a new method based on a Bayesian analysis to identify new members of nearby young kinematic groups. The analysis minimally takes into account the position, proper motion, magnitude, and color of a star, but other observables can be readily added (e.g., radial velocity, distance). We use this method to find new young low-mass stars in the {beta} Pictoris and AB Doradus moving groups and in the TW Hydrae, Tucana-Horologium, Columba, Carina, and Argus associations. Starting from a sample of 758 mid-K to mid-M (K5V-M5V) stars showing youth indicators such as H{alpha} and X-ray emission, our analysis yields 214 new highly probable low-mass members of the kinematic groups analyzed. One is in TW Hydrae, 37 in {beta} Pictoris, 17 in Tucana-Horologium, 20 in Columba, 6 in Carina, 50 in Argus, 32 in AB Doradus, and the remaining 51 candidates are likely young but have an ambiguous membership to more than one association. The false alarm rate for new candidates is estimated to be 5% for {beta} Pictoris and TW Hydrae, 10% for Tucana-Horologium, Columba, Carina, and Argus, and 14% for AB Doradus. Our analysis confirms the membership of 58 stars proposed in the literature. Firm membership confirmation of our new candidates will require measurement of their radial velocity (predicted by our analysis), parallax, and lithium 6708 A equivalent width. We have initiated these follow-up observations for a number of candidates, and we have identified two stars (2MASSJ01112542+1526214, 2MASSJ05241914-1601153) as very strong candidate members of the {beta} Pictoris moving group and one strong candidate member (2MASSJ05332558-5117131) of the Tucana-Horologium association; these three stars have radial velocity measurements confirming their membership and lithium detections consistent with young age.

  15. Structure and Kinematics of Molecular Disks in Fast-Rotator Early-Type Galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lisa M. Young; Martin Bureau; Michele Cappellari

    2007-12-27

    We present interferometric observations resolving the CO emission in the four gas-rich lenticular galaxies NGC 3032, NGC 4150, NGC 4459, and NGC 4526, and we compare the CO distribution and kinematics to those of the stars and ionized gas. Counterrotation documents an external origin for the gas in at least one case (NGC 3032), and the comparisons to stellar and ionized gas substructures in all four galaxies offer insights into their formation histories. The molecular gas is found in kpc-scale disks with mostly regular kinematics and average surface densities of 100 to 200 \\msunsqpc. The disks are well aligned with the stellar photometric and kinematic axes. In the two more luminous Virgo Cluster members NGC 4459 and NGC 4526 the molecular gas shows excellent agreement with circular velocities derived independently from detailed modeling of stellar kinematic data. There are also two puzzling instances of disagreements between stellar kinematics and gas kinematics on sub-kpc scales. In the inner arcseconds of NGC 3032 the CO velocities are significantly lower than the inferred circular velocities, and the reasons may possibly be related to the external origin of the gas but are not well understood. In addition, the very young population of stars in the core of NGC 4150 appears to have the opposite sense of rotation from the molecular gas.

  16. CARMA LARGE AREA STAR FORMATION SURVEY: STRUCTURE AND KINEMATICS OF DENSE GAS IN SERPENS MAIN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Katherine I.; Storm, Shaye; Mundy, Lee G.; Teuben, Peter; Pound, Marc W.; Salter, Demerese M.; Chen, Che-Yu; Fernández-López, Manuel; Looney, Leslie W.; Segura-Cox, Dominique; Rosolowsky, Erik; Arce, Héctor G.; Plunkett, Adele L.; Ostriker, Eve C.; Shirley, Yancy L.; Kwon, Woojin; Kauffmann, Jens; Tobin, John J.; Volgenau, N. H.; Tassis, Konstantinos; and others

    2014-12-20

    We present observations of N{sub 2}H{sup +} (J = 1 ? 0), HCO{sup +} (J = 1 ? 0), and HCN (J = 1 ? 0) toward the Serpens Main molecular cloud from the CARMA Large Area Star Formation Survey (CLASSy). We mapped 150 arcmin{sup 2} of Serpens Main with an angular resolution of ?7''. The gas emission is concentrated in two subclusters (the NW and SE subclusters). The SE subcluster has more prominent filamentary structures and more complicated kinematics compared to the NW subcluster. The majority of gas in the two subclusters has subsonic to sonic velocity dispersions. We applied a dendrogram technique with N{sub 2}H{sup +}(1-0) to study the gas structures; the SE subcluster has a higher degree of hierarchy than the NW subcluster. Combining the dendrogram and line fitting analyses reveals two distinct relations: a flat relation between nonthermal velocity dispersion and size, and a positive correlation between variation in velocity centroids and size. The two relations imply a characteristic depth of 0.15 pc for the cloud. Furthermore, we have identified six filaments in the SE subcluster. These filaments have lengths of ?0.2 pc and widths of ?0.03 pc, which is smaller than a characteristic width of 0.1 pc suggested by Herschel observations. The filaments can be classified into two types based on their properties. The first type, located in the northeast of the SE subcluster, has larger velocity gradients, smaller masses, and nearly critical mass-per-unit-length ratios. The other type, located in the southwest of the SE subcluster, has the opposite properties. Several YSOs are formed along two filaments which have supercritical mass per unit length ratios, while filaments with nearly critical mass-per-unit-length ratios are not associated with YSOs, suggesting that stars are formed on gravitationally unstable filaments.

  17. Modular multimorphic kinematic arm structure and pitch and yaw joint for same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Martin, H. Lee (Knoxville, TN); Williams, Daniel M. (Oliver Springs, TN); Holt, W. Eugene (Knoxville, TN)

    1989-01-01

    A multimorphic kinematic manipulator arm is provided with seven degrees of freedom and modular kinematic redundancy through identical pitch/yaw, shoulder, elbow and wrist joints and a wrist roll device at the wrist joint, which further provides to the manipulator arm an obstacle avoidance capability. The modular pitch/yaw joints are traction drive devices which provide backlash free operation with smooth torque transmission and enhanced rigidity. A dual input drive arrangement is provided for each joint resulting in a reduction of the load required to be assumed by each drive and providing selective pitch and yaw motions by control of the relative rotational directions of the input drive.

  18. Study of Kinematics of Extreme Waves Impacting Offshore and Coastal Structures by Non Intrusive Measurement Techniques 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Youn Kyung

    2013-11-07

    as 1.56pC^(2) at x = L/2. Correlations between wave kinematic energy and dynamic pressure were examined to determine the impact coefficients ci'. ci' varied within relatively narrow ranges 0.29 ? ci' ? 1.56. In the present large scale experiments...

  19. CRISS-CROSS MAPPING OF BD+30 3639: A NEW KINEMATIC ANALYSIS TECHNIQUE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steffen, Wolfgang; Koning, Nico E-mail: nkoning@iras.ucalgary.ca

    2011-03-15

    We introduce a new method to analyze kinematic proper motion data. The method is called 'criss-cross' mapping. It emphasizes regions where proper motion vector extensions cross or converge. From a superposition of lines through the vectors a map is generated which helps to interpret the kinematic data. The new mapping technique is applied to the young planetary nebula BD+30 3639. The data are more than 200 internal proper motion measurements from Li et al. From the criss-cross mapping of BD+30 3639, we conclude that the kinematic center is approximately 0.5 arcsec off-set to the southeast from the central star. The mapping also shows evidence for a non-homologous expansion of the nebula that is consistent with a disturbance due to the bipolar molecular bullets.

  20. Quantifying Resonant Structure in NGC 6946 from Two-dimensional Kinematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fathi, Kambiz; Falcón-Barroso, Jesús; Beckman, John E; Hernandez, Olivier; Daigle, Olivier; Carignan, Claude; de Zeeuw, Tim

    2007-01-01

    We study the two-dimensional kinematics of the H-alpha-emitting gas in the nearby barred Scd galaxy, NGC 6946, in order to determine the pattern speed of the primary m=2 perturbation mode. The pattern speed is a crucial parameter for constraining the internal dynamics, estimating the impact velocities of the gravitational perturbation at the resonance radii, and to set up an evolutionary scenario for NGC 6946. Our data allows us to derive the best fitting kinematic position angle and the geometry of the underlying gaseous disk, which we use to derive the pattern speed using the Tremaine-Weinberg method. We find a main pattern speed Omega_p=22 km/s/kpc, but our data clearly reveal the presence of an additional pattern speed Omega_p=47 km/s/kpc in a zone within 1.25 kpc of the nucleus. Using the epicyclic approximation, we deduce the location of the resonance radii and confirm that inside the outer Inner Lindblad Resonance radius of the main oval, a primary bar has formed rotating at more than twice the outer p...

  1. Quantifying Resonant Structure in NGC 6946 from Two-dimensional Kinematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambiz Fathi; Silvia Toonen; Jesús Falcón-Barroso; John E. Beckman; Olivier Hernandez; Olivier Daigle; Claude Carignan; Tim de Zeeuw

    2007-08-08

    We study the two-dimensional kinematics of the H-alpha-emitting gas in the nearby barred Scd galaxy, NGC 6946, in order to determine the pattern speed of the primary m=2 perturbation mode. The pattern speed is a crucial parameter for constraining the internal dynamics, estimating the impact velocities of the gravitational perturbation at the resonance radii, and to set up an evolutionary scenario for NGC 6946. Our data allows us to derive the best fitting kinematic position angle and the geometry of the underlying gaseous disk, which we use to derive the pattern speed using the Tremaine-Weinberg method. We find a main pattern speed Omega_p=22 km/s/kpc, but our data clearly reveal the presence of an additional pattern speed Omega_p=47 km/s/kpc in a zone within 1.25 kpc of the nucleus. Using the epicyclic approximation, we deduce the location of the resonance radii and confirm that inside the outer Inner Lindblad Resonance radius of the main oval, a primary bar has formed rotating at more than twice the outer pattern speed. We further confirm that a nuclear bar has formed inside the Inner Lindblad Resonance radius of the primary bar, coinciding with the inner Inner Lindblad Resonance radius of the large-scale m=2 mode oval.

  2. Prediction and application of wave kinematics for near-shore structures subject to irregular seas with comparison to measured field data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sweetman, Bert

    , offshore wind farms are located near-shore in intermediate water depths: depths typically between 5 and 15 process to predict design loads on an offshore wind turbine support structure. A particular difficulty for an offshore wind-turbine support structure. Key words : Wave Kinematics, Stream Function Theory, Irregular

  3. The Jacobi Polynomials QCD analysis for the polarized structure function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Atashbar Tehrani; Ali N. Khorramian

    2007-07-31

    We present the results of our QCD analysis for polarized quark distribution and structure function $xg_1 (x,Q^2)$. We use very recently experimental data to parameterize our model. New parameterizations are derived for the quark and gluon distributions for the kinematic range $x \\epsilon [10^{-8},1]$, $Q^2 \\epsilon [1,10^6]$ GeV^2. The analysis is based on the Jacobi polynomials expansion of the polarized structure functions. Our calculations for polarized parton distribution functions based on the Jacobi polynomials method are in good agreement with the other theoretical models. The values of $\\Lambda_{QCD}$ and $\\alpha_s(M_z)$ are determined.

  4. Kinematic View of Loop Closure A. COUTSIAS,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coutsias, Evangelos

    problem. This known some in Kinematic theory Mechanisms. Kine­ matics is branch mechanics whose concern is geometric analysis motion, especially constrained displacements without regard to forces. kinematic analysis bonds a linkage. The kinematic analysis similar linkages to Fourier polynomials rotation angles, i , i

  5. RECONSTRUCTING CORONAL MASS EJECTIONS WITH COORDINATED IMAGING AND IN SITU OBSERVATIONS: GLOBAL STRUCTURE, KINEMATICS, AND IMPLICATIONS FOR SPACE WEATHER FORECASTING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu Ying; Luhmann, Janet G.; Lin, Robert P.; Bale, Stuart D. [Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Thernisien, Arnaud [Universities of Space Research Association, Columbia, MD 21044 (United States); Vourlidas, Angelos [Space Science Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Davies, Jackie A., E-mail: liuxying@ssl.berkeley.ed [Space Science and Technology Department, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Didcot (United Kingdom)

    2010-10-20

    We reconstruct the global structure and kinematics of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) using coordinated imaging and in situ observations from multiple vantage points. A forward modeling technique, which assumes a rope-like morphology for CMEs, is used to determine the global structure (including orientation and propagation direction) from coronagraph observations. We reconstruct the corresponding structure from in situ measurements at 1 AU with the Grad-Shafranov method, which gives the flux-rope orientation, cross section, and a rough knowledge of the propagation direction. CME kinematics (propagation direction and radial distance) during the transit from the Sun to 1 AU are studied with a geometric triangulation technique, which provides an unambiguous association between solar observations and in situ signatures; a track fitting approach is invoked when data are available from only one spacecraft. We show how the results obtained from imaging and in situ data can be compared by applying these methods to the 2007 November 14-16 and 2008 December 12 CMEs. This merged imaging and in situ study shows important consequences and implications for CME research as well as space weather forecasting: (1) CME propagation directions can be determined to a relatively good precision as shown by the consistency between different methods; (2) the geometric triangulation technique shows a promising capability to link solar observations with corresponding in situ signatures at 1 AU and to predict CME arrival at the Earth; (3) the flux rope within CMEs, which has the most hazardous southward magnetic field, cannot be imaged at large distances due to expansion; (4) the flux-rope orientation derived from in situ measurements at 1 AU may have a large deviation from that determined by coronagraph image modeling; and (5) we find, for the first time, that CMEs undergo a westward migration with respect to the Sun-Earth line at their acceleration phase, which we suggest is a universal feature produced by the magnetic field connecting the Sun and ejecta. The importance of having dedicated spacecraft at L4 and L5, which are well situated for the triangulation concept, is also discussed based on the results.

  6. Classical kinematics and Finsler structures for nonminimal Lorentz-violating fermions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Schreck

    2015-05-10

    In the current paper the Lagrangian of a classical, relativistic point particle is obtained whose conjugate momentum satisfies the dispersion relation of a quantum wave packet that is subject to Lorentz violation based on a particular coefficient of the nonminimal Standard-Model Extension (SME). The properties of this Lagrangian are analyzed and two corresponding Finsler structures are obtained. One structure describes a scaled Euclidean geometry, whereas the other is neither a Riemann nor a Randers or Kropina structure. The results of the article provide some initial understanding of classical Lagrangians of the nonminimal SME fermion sector.

  7. Kinematic morphology of large-scale structure: evolution from potential to rotational flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Xin; Szalay, Alex; Aragón-Calvo, Miguel A.; Neyrinck, Mark C.; Eyink, Gregory L.

    2014-09-20

    As an alternative way to describe the cosmological velocity field, we discuss the evolution of rotational invariants constructed from the velocity gradient tensor. Compared with the traditional divergence-vorticity decomposition, these invariants, defined as coefficients of the characteristic equation of the velocity gradient tensor, enable a complete classification of all possible flow patterns in the dark-matter comoving frame, including both potential and vortical flows. We show that this tool, first introduced in turbulence two decades ago, is very useful for understanding the evolution of the cosmic web structure, and in classifying its morphology. Before shell crossing, different categories of potential flow are highly associated with the cosmic web structure because of the coherent evolution of density and velocity. This correspondence is even preserved at some level when vorticity is generated after shell crossing. The evolution from the potential to vortical flow can be traced continuously by these invariants. With the help of this tool, we show that the vorticity is generated in a particular way that is highly correlated with the large-scale structure. This includes a distinct spatial distribution and different types of alignment between the cosmic web and vorticity direction for various vortical flows. Incorporating shell crossing into closed dynamical systems is highly non-trivial, but we propose a possible statistical explanation for some of the phenomena relating to the internal structure of the three-dimensional invariant space.

  8. Structural Analysis of Combustion Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tóth, J; Zsély, I

    2013-01-01

    Using ReactionKinetics, a Mathematica based package a few dozen detailed models for combustion of hydrogen, carbon monoxide and methanol are investigated. Essential structural characteristics are pulled out, and similarities and differences of the mechanisms are highlighted. These investigations can be used before or parallel with usual numerical investigations, such as pathway analysis, sensitivity analysis, parameter estimation, or simulation.

  9. CUSP Kinematic Model Development Lucia Martinez M. John D. Hayes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayes, John

    CUSP Kinematic Model Development Lucia Martinez M. John D. Hayes Department of Mechanical pose kinematics is quite trivial but solving the forward pose kinematics requires in depth analysis platform is one of the essential components of the facility. Kinematic modeling is crucial for motion

  10. Analysis of hydraulic power transduction in regenerative rotary shock absorbers as function of working fluid kinematic viscosity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avadhany, Shakeel N

    2009-01-01

    This investigation seeks to investigate the relationship of kinematic fluid viscosity to the effective power transduction seen by a hydraulic motor. Applications of this research specifically relate to energy recovery from ...

  11. Acknowledgements KINEMATICS OF VARIOUS SWIMMING MODES IN ANTARCTIC KRILL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    analysis Kinematics Analysis ·Krill hovering at air-water interface ·One complete beat cycle shown ·Frames Kinematics Analysis ·Support provided by NSF East Asia ­ Pacific Summer Institute 2008 ·The authors thank pleopod kinematics to sensory mechanisms and fluid dynamics Upside Down Swimming Hovering Fast Forward

  12. Advanced Kinematics Lecture Notes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayes, John

    concerns mechanisms. Kinetics concerns machines and engines. Because kinematics is independent from will only look at kinematic synthesis), and arrangements of components so that the resulting mechanism A more general, yet more precise, term for mechanism is kinematic chain. A kinematic chain is defined as

  13. Activity and kinematics of low mass stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pineda, John Sebastian

    2010-01-01

    We present an analysis of the magnetic activity, photometry and kinematics of approximately 70000 M dwarfs from the Sloan digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Data Release 7. This new analysis explores the spatial distribution of ...

  14. Slow-Time Changes in Human EMG Muscle Fatigue States Are Fully Represented in Movement Kinematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chelidze, David

    from the kinematic data. Nonlinear analysis of kinematic features was shown to be essential nonlinear PSW-based analysis of kinematic data was shown to adequately predict all EMG-based individual-based analysis of strictly kinematic time series data directly predicted all of the local muscle fatigue trends

  15. Computational Analysis of Protein Sequence and Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacCallum, Bob

    in accuracy and the estimation of reliability. The hierarchical prediction of fold architecture* *s using of Science. #12; Abstract This project has combined the structural. The prediction of secondary structural class and architecture from sequence composition analysis has also been

  16. Structural analysis and assessment of Guastavino vaulting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reese, Megan L

    2008-01-01

    This thesis studies the behavior and pathologies of the masonry tile structures built by the R. Guastavino Company in order to provide recommendations on their analysis and assessment. Structural analyses of two specific ...

  17. Characteristics, finite element analysis, test description, and preliminary test results of the STM4-120 kinematic Stirling engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Linker, K.L.; Rawlinson, K.S.; Smith, G.

    1991-10-01

    The Department of Energy's Solar Thermal Program has as one of its program elements the development and evaluation of conversion device technologies applicable to dish-electric systems. The primary research and development combines a conversion device (heat engine), solar receiver, and generator mounted at the focus of a parabolic dish concentrator. The Stirling-cycle heat engine was identified as the conversion device for dish-electric with the most potential for meeting the program's goals for efficiency, reliability, and installed cost. To advance the technology toward commercialization, Sandia National Laboratories has acquired a Stirling Thermal Motors, Inc., kinematic Stirling engine, STM4-120, for evaluation. The engine is being bench-tested at Sandia's Engine Test Facility and will be combined later with a solar receiver for on-sun evaluation. This report presents the engine characteristics, finite element analyses of critical engine components, test system layout, instrumentation, and preliminary performance results from the bench test.

  18. ORE 630 Structural Analysis in Ocean Engineering Designation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORE 630 Structural Analysis in Ocean Engineering Designation Offshore Engineering Required Course Catalog Description Structural and finite element analyses, and design of ocean structures to withstand analysis, finite element analysis, and their application in ocean structure design. Topics Covered 1

  19. Characteristics, finite element analysis, test description, and preliminary test results of the STM4-120 kinematic Stirling engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Linker, K.L.; Rawlinson, K.S.; Smith, G.

    1991-10-01

    The Department of Energy`s Solar Thermal Program has as one of its program elements the development and evaluation of conversion device technologies applicable to dish-electric systems. The primary research and development combines a conversion device (heat engine), solar receiver, and generator mounted at the focus of a parabolic dish concentrator. The Stirling-cycle heat engine was identified as the conversion device for dish-electric with the most potential for meeting the program`s goals for efficiency, reliability, and installed cost. To advance the technology toward commercialization, Sandia National Laboratories has acquired a Stirling Thermal Motors, Inc., kinematic Stirling engine, STM4-120, for evaluation. The engine is being bench-tested at Sandia`s Engine Test Facility and will be combined later with a solar receiver for on-sun evaluation. This report presents the engine characteristics, finite element analyses of critical engine components, test system layout, instrumentation, and preliminary performance results from the bench test.

  20. Chemical Tagging of FGK Stars: Testing Membership to Young Stellar Kinematics Groups

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montes, D; Hernandez, J I Gonzalez

    2015-01-01

    In this contribution talk we summarize the results of our ongoing project of detailed analysis of the chemical content (chemical tagging) as a promising powerful method to provide clear constraints on the membership of FGK kinematic candidates to stellar kinematic groups of different ages that can be used as an alternative or complementary to the methods that use kinematics, photometry or age indicators. This membership information is very important to better understand the star formation history in the solar neighborhood discerning between field-like stars (associated with dynamical resonances (bar) or spiral structure) and real physical structures of coeval stars with a common origin (debris of star-forming aggregates in the disk). We have already applied the chemical tagging method to constrain the membership of FGK candidate stars to the Hyades supercluster and the Ursa Major moving group and in this contribution we present the preliminary results of our study of the Castor moving group.

  1. Image structure analysis for seismic interpretation Proefschrift

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    Image structure analysis for seismic interpretation Proefschrift ter verkrijging van de graad van . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.1 Traditional interpretation of 3-D seismic data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.2 Improving the efficiency of the interpretation process . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.2.1 Structure enhancement for horizon

  2. International Journal of Robotics & Automation, Vol. 10, No. 4, 1995, pp. 159166 Kinematic Analysis of a Hybrid SerialandParallelDriven

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Harry H.

    ­loop kinematic chain whereas the wrist subsystem employs a parallel­driven mechanism so that the manip­ ulatorInternational Journal of Robotics & Automation, Vol. 10, No. 4, 1995, pp. 159­166 Kinematic Engineering Laboratory Department of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering University of California Davis

  3. Robust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein Structures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Robust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein Structures Robust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein Structures Print Wednesday, 28 October 2009 00:00 Scientists have developed a...

  4. On the kinematic constraint surfaces of general three-legged planar robot platforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayes, John

    important applications to the kinematic analysis of planar three-legged robot platforms, hence appropriate; Hyperbolic paraboloid 1. Introduction A very useful and elegant approach to the kinematic analysis of the constrained displacements, it is natural to call them constraint surfaces. Kinematic analysis of GP3LP reduces

  5. A Kinematic View of Loop Closure EVANGELOS A. COUTSIAS,1,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coutsias, Evangelos

    . This fact has been known for some time in the Kinematic theory of Mechanisms.14 Kine- matics is the branch of mechanics whose concern is the geometric analysis of motion, especially constrained displacements without regard to forces. The kinematic analysis of systems of rigid objects connected by flexible joints

  6. Kinematics Algorithms for Tensegrity Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burt, Steven James

    2013-01-01

    building where self-weight provides most of the load and external variable forces such as wind would be comparatively small).

  7. The kinematic and cloud-to-ground lightning structure of the 9-10, June 1998 Red River Mesoscale Convective System 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santarpia, Joshua

    2001-01-01

    An investigation of the kinematic and electrical properties of the 9-10 June, 1998 Red River Mesoscale Convective System (MCS), as observed by the NOAA P3 Tail Radar and the National Lightning Detection Network, is presented. This system exhibits...

  8. Principal component analysis within nuclear structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Al-Sayed

    2015-04-15

    The principal component analysis (PCA) of different parameters affecting collectivity of nuclei predicted to be candidate of the interacting boson model dynamical symmetries are performed. The results show that, the use of PCA within nuclear structure can give us a simple way to identify collectivity together with the parameters simultaneously affecting it.

  9. Computational Analysis of Protein Sequence and Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacCallum, Bob

    and the estimation of reliability. The hierarchical prediction of fold architectures using these methods of Doctor of Philosophy in the Faculty of Science. #12; Abstract This project has combined the structural class and architecture from sequence composition analysis has also been investigated. Modi#12;cations

  10. Three tooth kinematic coupling

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hale, Layton C. (Livermore, CA)

    2000-01-01

    A three tooth kinematic coupling based on having three theoretical line contacts formed by mating teeth rather than six theoretical point contacts. The geometry requires one coupling half to have curved teeth and the other coupling half to have flat teeth. Each coupling half has a relieved center portion which does not effect the kinematics, but in the limit as the face width approaches zero, three line contacts become six point contacts. As a result of having line contact, a three tooth coupling has greater load capacity and stiffness. The kinematic coupling has application for use in precision fixturing for tools or workpieces, and as a registration device for a work or tool changer or for optics in various products.

  11. A Random Loop Generator for Planning the Motions of Closed Kinematic Chains using PRM Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortés, Juan

    - France fjcortes,nic,jplg@laas.fr Abstract Closed kinematic chains in mechanical systems rep- resent a challenge for their motion analysis, and therefore, for path planning. Closed mechanisms ap- pear in di#11 with each other. The analysis of closed kinematic chains can be ex- pressed as an inverse kinematics problem

  12. A Random Loop Generator for Planning the Motions of Closed Kinematic Chains using PRM Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortés, Juan

    {jcortes,nic,jpl}@laas.fr Abstract Closed kinematic chains in mechanical systems rep- resent a challenge for their motion analysis, and therefore, for path planning. Closed mechanisms ap- pear in different areas where with each other. The analysis of closed kinematic chains can be ex- pressed as an inverse kinematics problem

  13. Contact kinematics of biomimetic scales Ranajay Ghosh, Hamid Ebrahimi, and Ashkan Vaziri

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaziri, Ashkan

    by the AIP Publishing Articles you may be interested in Design, analysis and testing of a parallel-kinematic element (FE) analysis. Our results reveal the existence of three distinct kinematic phases of operationContact kinematics of biomimetic scales Ranajay Ghosh, Hamid Ebrahimi, and Ashkan Vaziri Citation

  14. The Cylinder: Kinematics of the Nineteenth Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müller-Sievers, Helmut

    2012-01-01

    H. 1978. Kinematic Geometry of Mechanisms. Oxford: Clarendonexample is the kinematic quest for a mechanism that wouldelement of the kinematic chain of which the mechanism really

  15. A PLANAR PARALLEL MANIPULATOR WITH HOLONOMIC HIGHER PAIRS: INVERSE KINEMATICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayes, John

    kinematic analysis. Very little literature on such planar mechanisms was found. The e ects of initialA PLANAR PARALLEL MANIPULATOR WITH HOLONOMIC HIGHER PAIRS: INVERSE KINEMATICS Matthew John D. HAYES of Mechanical Engineering 817 r. Sherbrooke O., Rm 454, Montreal, Quebec, H3A 2K6 Canada, Tel: (514) 398

  16. Kinematic Motor Learning Wolfram Schenck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moeller, Ralf

    Kinematic Motor Learning Wolfram Schenck Computer Engineering Group Faculty of Technology Bielefeld-521-106-6440 mail: wschenck@ti.uni-bielefeld.de Abstract This paper focuses on adaptive motor control in the kinematic domain. Several motor learning strategies from the literature are adopted to kinematic problems

  17. Robust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein Structures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Robust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein Structures Print Scientists have developed a fast and efficient way to determine the structure of proteins, shortening a process that...

  18. Structural Analysis of Sandwich Foam Panels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kosny, Jan [ORNL; Huo, X. Sharon [Tennessee Technological University

    2010-04-01

    The Sandwich Panel Technologies including Structural Insulated Panels (SIPs) can be used to replace the conventional wooden-frame construction method. The main purpose of this Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between UT-Battelle, LLC and SGI Venture, Inc. was to design a novel high R-value type of metal sandwich panelized technology. This CRADA project report presents design concept discussion and numerical analysis results from thermal performance study of this new building envelope system. The main objective of this work was to develop a basic concept of a new generation of wall panel technologies which will have R-value over R-20 will use thermal mass to improve energy performance in cooling dominated climates and will be 100% termite resistant. The main advantages of using sandwich panels are as follows: (1) better energy saving structural panels with high and uniform overall wall R-value across the elevation that could not be achieved in traditional walls; and (2) reducing the use of raw materials or need for virgin lumber. For better utilization of these Sandwich panels, engineers need to have a thorough understanding of the actual performance of the panels and system. Detailed analysis and study on the capacities and deformation of individual panels and its assembly have to be performed to achieve that goal. The major project activity was to conduct structural analysis of the stresses, strains, load capacities, and deformations of individual sandwich components under various load cases. The analysis simulated the actual loading conditions of the regular residential building and used actual material properties of the steel facings and foam.

  19. Dynamic Soil-Structure-Soil-Interaction Analysis of Structures in Dense Urban Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Katherine Carys

    2013-01-01

    mechanism, location, magnitude), and subsurface effects (most significantly, wave travel paths). Significantly, kinematic

  20. ORE 630 Structural Analysis in Ocean Engineering Designation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frandsen, Jannette B.

    to Program Outcomes Program Outcome 2: Basic science, mathematics, & engineering Program Outcome 4: OceanORE 630 Structural Analysis in Ocean Engineering Designation Offshore Engineering Required Course. Design of Ocean Structures. Design process, project planning, materials selection, 6. economic analysis

  1. Control Considerations in the Design of a Parallel Kinematic Machine with Separate Actuation and Metrology Mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    that generates optimized parallel kinematic mechanism geometry based on design criteria. This methodology is applied to two parallel kinematic mechanisms to develop a high payload machine that has direct manual and extends existing kinematic analysis of the parallel mechanism to achieve design goals. This methodology

  2. The Configuration Space Method for Kinematic Design of Elisha Sacks and Leo Joskowicz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joskowicz, Leo

    .2 Tolerance Analysis 100 6.3 Algorithms for Kinematic Pairs 103 6.4 Algorithms for Mechanisms 107 6.5 NotesThe Configuration Space Method for Kinematic Design of Mechanisms Elisha Sacks and Leo Joskowicz­ The configuration space method for kinematic design of mechanisms / Elisha Sacks and Leo Joskowicz. p. cm. Includes

  3. Geometry and structure of northern surface ruptures of the 1999 Mw 7.6 Chi-Chi Taiwan earthquake: inuence from inherited fold belt structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jian-Cheng

    and kinematic analysis indicate that the surface ruptures in the Shihkang±Shangchi fault zone are the result of mechanisms, but also raise a major problem of structural inheritance. Detailed ®eld investigation analyses, we propose a kinematic model with a 3-D fault surface for the 1999 earthquake in the area

  4. Isogeometric analysis in electronic structure calculations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cimrman, Robert; Kolman, Radek; T?ma, Miroslav; Vacká?, Ji?í

    2016-01-01

    In electronic structure calculations, various material properties can be obtained by means of computing the total energy of a system as well as derivatives of the total energy w.r.t. atomic positions. The derivatives, also known as Hellman-Feynman forces, require, because of practical computational reasons, the discretized charge density and wave functions having continuous second derivatives in the whole solution domain. We describe an application of isogeometric analysis (IGA), a spline modification of finite element method (FEM), to achieve the required continuity. The novelty of our approach is in employing the technique of B\\'ezier extraction to add the IGA capabilities to our FEM based code for ab-initio calculations of electronic states of non-periodic systems within the density-functional framework, built upon the open source finite element package SfePy. We compare FEM and IGA in benchmark problems and several numerical results are presented.

  5. Analysis of deployable strut roof structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Maxwell H. (Maxwell Henry)

    2013-01-01

    Deployable structures are structures that can change shape from a compact to an expanded form. Thus, their advantage over conventional structures is adaptability, whether in the sense of adapting to changing environmental ...

  6. Structural Analysis of LargeStructural Analysis of Large Caliber Hybrid Ceramic/SteelCaliber Hybrid Ceramic/Steel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grujicic, Mica

    Structural Analysis of LargeStructural Analysis of Large Caliber Hybrid Ceramic/SteelCaliber Hybrid Ceramic/Steel Gun BarrelsGun Barrels MS ThesisMS Thesis Jon DeLongJon DeLong Department of Mechanical ·Merger of ceramics into the conventional steel gun barrel design ·Use of a probabilistic structural

  7. Unveiling the counter-rotating nature of the kinematically distinct core in NGC5813 with MUSE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krajnovic, Davor; Urrutia, Tanya; Emsellem, Eric; Carollo, C Marcella; Shirazi, Maryam; Bacon, Roland; Contini, Thierry; Epinat, Benoit; Kamann, Sebastian; Martinsson, Thomas; Steinmetz, Matthias

    2015-01-01

    MUSE observations of NGC5813 reveal a complex structure in the velocity dispersion map, previously hinted by SAURON observations. The structure is reminiscent of velocity dispersion maps of galaxies comprising two counter-rotating discs, and may explain the existence of the kinematically distinct core (KDC). Further evidence for two counter-rotating components comes from the analysis of the higher moments of the stellar line-of-sight velocity distributions and fitting MUSE spectra with two separate Gaussian line-of-sight velocity distributions. The emission-line kinematics show evidence of being linked to the present cooling flows and the buoyant cavities seen in X-rays. We detect ionised gas in a nuclear disc-like structure, oriented like the KDC, which is, however, not directly related to the KDC. We build an axisymmetric Schwarzschild dynamical model, which shows that the MUSE kinematics can be reproduced well with two counter-rotating orbit families, characterised by relatively low angular momentum compon...

  8. Residual Stresses for Structural Analysis and Fatigue Life Prediction...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    in Vehicle Components: Success stories from the High Temperature Materials Laboratory (HTML) User Program Residual Stresses for Structural Analysis and Fatigue Life Prediction in...

  9. A structural analysis of the Cardington British Steel corner test 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gillie, Martin; Usmani, Asif; Rotter, J Michael

    2002-01-01

    This paper presents a structural analysis of the Cardington British Steel corner test. The test is a analyzes using ABAQUS, the commercial finite element program. The results of the analysis indicate that the response of ...

  10. Principal Component Analysis for Fault Detection and Structure Health Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Principal Component Analysis for Fault Detection and Structure Health Monitoring Nicolas Stoffels structure to ensure its health monitoring. The proposed approach is based on the PCA algorithm. Once PCA promptly and precisely [5]. FDI is also important in SHM (Structure Health Monitoring) because of aging

  11. The Kinematic Algebras from the Scattering Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monteiro, Ricardo

    2013-01-01

    We study kinematic algebras associated to the recently proposed scattering equations, which arise in the description of the scattering of massless particles. In particular, we describe the role that these algebras play in the BCJ duality between colour and kinematics in gauge theory, and its relation to gravity. We find that the scattering equations are a consistency condition for a self-dual-type vertex which is associated to each solution of those equations. We also identify an extension of the anti-self-dual vertex, such that the two vertices are not conjugate in general. Both vertices correspond to the structure constants of Lie algebras. We give a prescription for the use of the generators of these Lie algebras in trivalent graphs that leads to a natural set of BCJ numerators. In particular, we write BCJ numerators for each contribution to the amplitude associated to a solution of the scattering equations. This leads to a decomposition of the determinant of a certain kinematic matrix, which appears natur...

  12. Inverse differential kinematics Statics and force transformations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Luca, Alessandro

    ;Damped Least Squares method ! inversion of differential kinematics as an optimization problem ! function

  13. Structural Modeling and Analysis of Structures in Aorta Images 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Hai

    2012-10-19

    ). ........................ 10 Figure 4. A synthetic binary image consisting of five sinusoidal curves was used to verify the accuracy of my Radon Transform (RT) algorithm. ............ 14 Figure 5. Computed angle for the principal (circumferential) direction estimated...) thickness across the arterial wall. In this dissertation, I propose an image analysis scheme to delineate spatial patterns of EL such as changes in its thickness across the arterial wall. Key features of my scheme include: 1) a Radon Transform based...

  14. Stochastic analysis of soil-structure interaction 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Charles Cheuk Lap

    1994-01-01

    This study investigates the effect of soil structure interaction on the response of a building subjected to an earthquake motion. Spectra consisting of the auto and cross spectral densities of three components of free-field earthquake motion at all...

  15. Fire Imposed Heat Fluxes for Structural Analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jowsey, Allan

    The last two decades have seen new insights, data and analytical methods to establish the behaviour of structures in fire. These methods have slowly migrated into practice and now form the basis for modern quantitative ...

  16. Structural analysis of hydroxypropylphosphonic acid epoxidase : a fosfomycin biosynthetic enzyme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Higgins, Luke J. (Luke James)

    2006-01-01

    An X-ray crystallographic study of the fosfomycin biosynthetic enzyme hydroxypropylphosphonic acid epoxidase (HppE) from Streptomyces wedmorensis is presented. Structural analysis of this cupin mononuclear iron enzyme in ...

  17. Protein MAS NMR methodology and structural analysis of protein assemblies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bayro, Marvin J

    2010-01-01

    Methodological developments and applications of solid-state magic-angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS NMR) spectroscopy, with particular emphasis on the analysis of protein structure, are described in this thesis. ...

  18. Interoperable software for parametric structural analysis and optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Garrett P. (Garrett Pierce)

    2013-01-01

    The advent of building information modeling in the structural engineering profession has brought forth new challenges to the traditional methods of design and analysis. The need for faster, more robust analyses to mitigate ...

  19. Worst-case Structural Analysis Qingnan Zhou

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zorin, Denis

    printing. The cost of 3D printing has come down significantly over the past few years, and the industry for such products is radically different from the conventional manufacturing pipeline: 3D geometric models present a method that would identify structural problems in objects designed for 3D printing based

  20. Clifford Fibrations and Possible Kinematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alan S. McRae

    2009-07-14

    Following Herranz and Santander [Herranz F.J., Santander M., Mem. Real Acad. Cienc. Exact. Fis. Natur. Madrid 32 (1998), 59-84, physics/9702030] we will construct homogeneous spaces based on possible kinematical algebras and groups [Bacry H., Levy-Leblond J.-M., J. Math. Phys. 9 (1967), 1605-1614] and their contractions for 2-dimensional spacetimes. Our construction is different in that it is based on a generalized Clifford fibration: Following Penrose [Penrose R., Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., New York, 2005] we will call our fibration a Clifford fibration and not a Hopf fibration, as our fibration is a geometrical construction. The simple algebraic properties of the fibration describe the geometrical properties of the kinematical algebras and groups as well as the spacetimes that are derived from them. We develop an algebraic framework that handles all possible kinematic algebras save one, the static algebra.

  1. Structural vibration measurement and analysis using a novel digital sensor 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minier, Elizabeth Altagracia

    1992-01-01

    STRUCTURAL VIBRATION MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS USING A NOVEL DIGITAL SENSOR A Thesis by ELIZABETH ALTAGRACIA MINIER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1992 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering STRUCTURAL VIBRATION MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS USING A NOVEL DIGITAL SENSOR A Thesis by ELIZABETH ALTAGRACIA MINIER Approved as to style and content by: Thomas C. Pollock (Chair...

  2. Novel Synthesis and Structural Analysis of Ferrihydrite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Stacey J.; Page, Katharine; Kim, Hyunjeong; Campbell, Branton J.; Boerio-Goates, Juliana; Woodfield, Brian F. (BYU); (LANL)

    2012-07-25

    Naturally occurring ferrihydrite is both impure and difficult to isolate, so the numerous applications and interesting properties of ferrihydrite have spurred the development of various synthetic techniques. Nearly all techniques are based on the hydrolysis of an iron salt and require careful control of temperature, pH, and concentration. In this Article, we report a new synthetic method which does not require such control and is perhaps the fastest and simplest route to synthesizing ferrhydrite. XRD, TEM, BET, and chemical purity characterizations show that the chemically pure, 2-line ferrihydrite product consists of crystallites 2-6 nm in diameter which aggregate to form mesoporous, high surface area agglomerates that are attractive candidates for the many adsorption applications of ferrihydrite. X-ray PDF data were also collected for the ferrihydrite product and refined against the hexagonal structural model recently proposed by Michel et al. These analyses suggest that ferrihydrite has a consistent, repeatable structure independent of variation in the synthetic method, water content of the sample, or particle size of the crystallites, and this structure can be adequately described by the proposed hexagonal model.

  3. Structural analysis of superconducting dipole prototype for HIAF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xiaoying; Ni, Dongsheng; Chen, Yuquan; Wu, Wei; Ma, Lizhen

    2015-01-01

    The High Intensity Heavy-Ion Accelerator Facility is a new project in the Institute of Modern Physics. The dipole magnets of all rings are conceived as fast cycled superconducting magnet with high magnetic field and large gap, the warm iron and superconducting coil structure (superferric) is adopted. The reasonable structure design of coil and cryostat is very important for reliable operation. Based on the finite element software ANSYS, the mechanical analysis of electromagnetic stress, the thermal stress in the cooling down and the stress in the pumping are showed in detail. According to the analysis result, the supporter structure is the key problem of coil system. With reasonable support's structure design, the stress and the deformation of coil structure can be reduced effectively, which ensure the stable operation of superconducting coil system.

  4. Policy Analysis 2.0 - Structured Collaboration Using Projected Outcome Matrices from the Eightfold Path

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winkelman, Zev

    2012-01-01

    Policy Analysis 2.0 – Structured Collaboration Usingof Philosophy in Public Policy in the Graduate Division ofWeber Spring 2012 Abstract Policy Analysis 2.0 – Structured

  5. The Kinematic design of a 3-dof Hybrid Manipulator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chablat, Damien; Angeles, Jorge

    1998-01-01

    This paper focuses on the kinematic properties of a new three-degree-of-freedom hybrid manipulator. This manipulator is obtained by adding in series to a five-bar planar mechanism (similar to the one studied by Bajpai and Roth) a third revolute passing through the line of centers of the two actuated revolute joints of the above linkage. The resulting architecture is hybrid in that it has both serial and parallel links. Fully-parallel manipulators are known for the existence of particularly undesirable singularities (referred to as parallel singularities) where control is lost [4] and [6]. On the other hand, due to their cantilever type of kinematic arrangement, fully serial manipulators suffer from a lack of stiffness and from relatively large positioning errors. The hybrid manipulator studied is intrinsically stiffer and more accurate. Furthermore, since all actuators are located on the first axis, the inertial effects are considerably reduced. In addition, it is shown that the special kinematic structure of...

  6. Synchrotron IR microspectroscopy for protein structure analysis: Potential and questions

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Yu, Peiqiang

    2006-01-01

    Synchrotron radiation-based Fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy (S-FTIR) has been developed as a rapid, direct, non-destructive, bioanalytical technique. This technique takes advantage of synchrotron light brightness and small effective source size and is capable of exploring the molecular chemical make-up within microstructures of a biological tissue without destruction of inherent structures at ultra-spatial resolutions within cellular dimension. To date there has been very little application of this advanced technique to the study of pure protein inherent structure at a cellular level in biological tissues. In this review, a novel approach was introduced to show the potential of the newly developed, advancedmore »synchrotron-based analytical technology, which can be used to localize relatively “pure“ protein in the plant tissues and relatively reveal protein inherent structure and protein molecular chemical make-up within intact tissue at cellular and subcellular levels. Several complex protein IR spectra data analytical techniques (Gaussian and Lorentzian multi-component peak modeling, univariate and multivariate analysis, principal component analysis (PCA), and hierarchical cluster analysis (CLA) are employed to relatively reveal features of protein inherent structure and distinguish protein inherent structure differences between varieties/species and treatments in plant tissues. By using a multi-peak modeling procedure, RELATIVE estimates (but not EXACT determinations) for protein secondary structure analysis can be made for comparison purpose. The issues of pro- and anti-multi-peaking modeling/fitting procedure for relative estimation of protein structure were discussed. By using the PCA and CLA analyses, the plant molecular structure can be qualitatively separate one group from another, statistically, even though the spectral assignments are not known. The synchrotron-based technology provides a new approach for protein structure research in biological tissues at ultraspatial resolutions.« less

  7. CU-CAS-00-03 CENTER FOR AEROSPACE STRUCTURES A SYSTEMATIC APPROACH TO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Felippa, Carlos A.

    , structural mechanics and computer programming, but unexperienced in nonlinear analysis. The present version@titan.colorado.edu Summary The corotational (CR) kinematic description is the most recent of the formulations of geometrically nonlinear structural analysis. Because of this newness, it has not reached the same level

  8. 2D kinematic signatures of boxy/peanut bulges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iannuzzi, Francesca

    2015-01-01

    We study the imprints of boxy/peanut structures on the 2D line-of-sight kinematics of simulated disk galaxies. The models under study belong to a family with varying initial gas fraction and halo triaxiality, plus few other control runs with different structural parameters; the kinematic information was extracted using the Voronoi-binning technique and parametrised up to the fourth order of a Gauss-Hermite series. Building on a previous work for the long-slit case, we investigate the 2D kinematic behaviour in the edge-on projection as a function of the boxy/peanut strength and position angle; we find that for the strongest structures the highest moments show characteristic features away from the midplane in a range of position angles. We also discuss the masking effect of a classical bulge and the ambiguity in discriminating kinematically this spherically-symmetric component from a boxy/peanut bulge seen end-on. Regarding the face-on case, we extend existing results to encompass the effect of a second bucklin...

  9. Process for structural geologic analysis of topography and point data

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Eliason, Jay R. (Richland, WA); Eliason, Valerie L. C. (Richland, WA)

    1987-01-01

    A quantitative method of geologic structural analysis of digital terrain data is described for implementation on a computer. Assuming selected valley segments are controlled by the underlying geologic structure, topographic lows in the terrain data, defining valley bottoms, are detected, filtered and accumulated into a series line segments defining contiguous valleys. The line segments are then vectorized to produce vector segments, defining valley segments, which may be indicative of the underlying geologic structure. Coplanar analysis is performed on vector segment pairs to determine which vectors produce planes which represent underlying geologic structure. Point data such as fracture phenomena which can be related to fracture planes in 3-dimensional space can be analyzed to define common plane orientation and locations. The vectors, points, and planes are displayed in various formats for interpretation.

  10. A finite element model for transient thermal/structural analysis of large composite space structures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutz, James Delmar

    1986-01-01

    Composite Space Structures. (May 1986) James Delmar Lutz, B. S. , Texas A&M University Chairmen of Advisory Committee: Dr. David H. Allen Dr. Walter E. Haisler A finite element model is developed for predicting the transient thermal/structural response... of structures to be analyzed in order to simplify the heat load analysis. The first r estr iction applies to the geometry of struc- tures to be analyzed. An appropriate structure should be of open lattice-type construction and have highly repetitive...

  11. Uplifting Amplitudes in Special Kinematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timothy Goddard; Paul Heslop; Valentin V. Khoze

    2012-07-12

    We consider scattering amplitudes in planar N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory in special kinematics where all external four-dimensional momenta are restricted to a (1+1)-dimensional subspace. The amplitudes are known to satisfy non-trivial factorisation properties arising from multi-collinear limits, which we further study here. We are able to find a general solution to these multi-collinear limits. This results in a simple formula which represents an n-point superamplitude in terms of a linear combination of functions S_m which are constrained to vanish in all appropriate multi-collinear limits. These collinear-vanishing building blocks, S_m, are dual-conformally-invariant functions which depend on the reduced m-point kinematics with 8 \\leq m \\leq 4l. For MHV amplitudes they can be constructed directly using, for example, the approach in Ref. [1]. This procedure provides a universal uplift of lower-point collinearly vanishing building blocks S_m to all higher-point amplitudes. It works at any loop-level l \\geq 1 and for any MHV or N^kMHV amplitude. We compare this with explicit examples involving n-point MHV amplitudes at 2-loops and 10-point MHV amplitudes at 3-loops. Tree-level superamplitudes have different properties and are treated separately from loop-level amplitudes in our approach. To illustrate this we derive an expression for n-point tree-level NMHV amplitudes in special kinematics.

  12. A Topological Framework for Local Structure Analysis in Condensed Matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lazar, Emanuel A; Srolovitz, David J

    2015-01-01

    Physical systems are frequently modeled as sets of points in space, each representing the position of an atom, molecule, or mesoscale particle. As many properties of such systems depend on the underlying ordering of their constituent particles, understanding that structure is a primary objective of condensed matter research. Although perfect crystals are fully described by a set of translation and basis vectors, real-world materials are never perfect, as thermal vibrations and defects introduce significant deviation from ideal order. Meanwhile, liquids and glasses present yet more complexity. A complete understanding of structure thus remains a central, open problem. Here we propose a unified mathematical framework, based on the topology of the Voronoi cell of a particle, for classifying local structure in ordered and disordered systems that is powerful and practical. We explain the underlying reason why this topological description of local structure is better suited for structural analysis than continuous d...

  13. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS AND STRUCTURE OPTIMIZATION OF LARGE PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Qinru

    STATISTICAL ANALYSIS AND STRUCTURE OPTIMIZATION OF LARGE PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE RATHEESH R on the output power of large Photovoltaic (PV) module by modeling each PV cell as a current source whose short. Photovoltaic (PV) is a simple and elegant method of harnessing the sun's energy. PV devices (solar cells

  14. Kinematic Peculiarities of Gould Belt Stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vadim V. Bobylev

    2005-12-22

    We analyzed the space velocities of Gould Belt stars younger than 125 Myr located at heliocentric distances Belt by assuming the existence of a single kinematic center whose direction was found to be the following: $l_\\circ=128^\\circ$ and $R_\\circ=150$ pc. The linear velocities reach their maximum at a distance of $\\approx300$ pc from the center and are -6 km s$^{-1}$ for the rotation (whose direction coincides with the Galactic rotation) and +4 km s$^{-1}$ for the expansion. The stellar rotation model used here is shown to give a more faithful description of the observed velocity field than the linear model based on the Oort constants $A_G$ and $B_G$. We present evidence that the young clusters $\\beta$ Pic, Tuc/HorA, and TWA belong to the Gould Belt structure.

  15. Adjustable link for kinematic mounting systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hale, L.C.

    1997-07-01

    An adjustable link for kinematic mounting systems is disclosed. The adjustable link is a low-cost, passive device that provides backlash-free adjustment along its single constraint direction and flexural freedom in all other directions. The adjustable link comprises two spheres, two sockets in which the spheres are adjustable retain, and a connection link threadly connected at each end to the spheres, to provide a single direction of restraint and to adjust the length or distance between the sockets. Six such adjustable links provide for six degrees of freedom for mounting an instrument on a support. The adjustable link has applications in any machine or instrument requiring precision adjustment in six degrees of freedom, isolation from deformations of the supporting platform, and/or additional structural damping. The damping is accomplished by using a hollow connection link that contains an inner rod and a viscoelastic separation layer between the two. 3 figs.

  16. Adjustable link for kinematic mounting systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hale, Layton C. (Livermore, CA)

    1997-01-01

    An adjustable link for kinematic mounting systems. The adjustable link is a low-cost, passive device that provides backlash-free adjustment along its single constraint direction and flexural freedom in all other directions. The adjustable link comprises two spheres, two sockets in which the spheres are adjustable retain, and a connection link threadly connected at each end to the spheres, to provide a single direction of restraint and to adjust the length or distance between the sockets. Six such adjustable links provide for six degrees of freedom for mounting an instrument on a support. The adjustable link has applications in any machine or instrument requiring precision adjustment in six degrees of freedom, isolation from deformations of the supporting platform, and/or additional structural damping. The damping is accomplished by using a hollow connection link that contains an inner rod and a viscoelastic separation layer between the two.

  17. Kinematics of trajectories in classical mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajibul Shaikh; Sayan Kar; Anirvan DasGupta

    2014-05-21

    In this paper, we show how the study of kinematics of a family of trajectories of a classical mechanical system may be unified within the framework of analysis of geodesic flows in Riemannian geometry and Relativity. After setting up the general formalism, we explore it through studies on various one and two dimensional systems. Quantities like expansion, shear and rotation (ESR), which are more familiar to the relativist, now re-appear while studying such families of trajectories in configuration space, in very simple mechanical systems. The convergence/divergence of a family of trajectories during the course of time evolution, the shear and twist of the area enclosing the family, and the focusing/defocusing of the trajectories within a finite time are investigated analytically for these systems. The understanding of the configuration space developed through such investigations is elaborated upon, and possible future avenues are pointed out.

  18. Design and Analysis of Muon Beam Stop Support Structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Okafor, Udenna

    2015-01-01

    The primary objective of this thesis is to design and analyze support structures to be used in the installation, test and final positioning of the MBS throughout the life of the Mu2e experiment. There several requirements for the MBS imposed by both the scope of the experiment and, other components within the DS bore. The functions of the MBS are: 1. To limit the induced rates in the Tracker, the Calorimeter and the Cosmic Ray Veto due to backsplash-and-secondary interactions, and 2. To reduce radiation levels external to the Detector solenoid. The structures used in supporting the MBS will also adhere to requirements imposed by its functions. These requirements are critical to the support structures and affect design decisions. Other requirements critical to the design are imposed by the weight, positional tolerance and assembly procedure of the MBS, and also, the magnetic field and vacuum dose rate of the DS bore. A detailed breakdown of how each requirement affects the structural design can be found in chapter 2. Chapter 3 describes the design of each support structure and its attachment to the MBS while chapter 4 describes the results from structural analysis of the support structures. Chapter 5 describes evaluation for the design through testing and calculations while the conclusion in chapter 6 reports the current status at the time of this thesis submission with a plan for future work to be completed until final design and installation.

  19. Kinematics in Vector Boson Fusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Green

    2006-03-02

    The vector boson fusion process leads to two forward/backward jets (tag jets) and the produced state, a Higgs boson in this case, moving slowly in the p-p C.M. frame at the LHC. For the case of Higgs decaying to W+W (W*) with Higgs mass below 180 GeV, the W bosons have low momentum in the Higgs C.M. For the case of W leptonic decays, this fact allows for an approximate reconstruction of the two final state neutrinos. In turn, those solutions then provide additional kinematic cuts against background.

  20. Bayesian Analysis of the Phase II IASCASCE Structural Health Monitoring Experimental Benchmark Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heaton, Thomas H.

    Bayesian Analysis of the Phase II IASC­ASCE Structural Health Monitoring Experimental Benchmark­ASCE Task Group on Structural Health Monitoring. This study involves damage detection and assessment; Identification; Bench marks; Structural analysis; Modal analysis. Introduction Structural health monitoring (SHM

  1. Comparative Traffic Performance Analysis of Urban Transportation Network Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amini, Behnam; Mojarradi, Morteza; Derrible, Sybil

    2015-01-01

    The network structure of an urban transportation system has a significant impact on its traffic performance. This study uses network indicators along with several traffic performance measures including speed, trip length, travel time, and traffic volume, to compare a selection of seven transportation networks with a variety of structures and under different travel demand conditions. The selected network structures are: modified linear, branch, grid, 3-directional grid, 1-ring web, 2-ring web, and radial. For the analysis, a base origin-destination matrix is chosen, to which different growth factors are applied in order to simulate various travel demand conditions. Results show that overall the 2-ring web network offers the most efficient traffic performance, followed by the grid and the 1-ring networks. A policy application of this study is that the branch, 3-directional grid, and radial networks are mostly suited for small cities with uncongested traffic conditions. In contrast, the 2-ring web, grid, and 1-r...

  2. THE KINEMATIC FORMULA IN RIEMANNIAN HOMOGENEOUS SPACES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howard, Ralph

    THE KINEMATIC FORMULA IN RIEMANNIAN HOMOGENEOUS SPACES Ralph Howard Department of Mathematics)IR (N). This generalizes the Chern-Federer kinematic formula to arbitrary homogeneous spaces with an invariant Riemannian metric and leads to new formulas even in the case of submanifolds of Euclidean space

  3. Orographic Modification of Convection and Flow Kinematics by the Oregon Coast Range and Cascades during IMPROVE-2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houze Jr., Robert A.

    of research. The analysis of recent field datasets has revealed many complex physical mechanisms that canOrographic Modification of Convection and Flow Kinematics by the Oregon Coast Range and Cascades 2008) ABSTRACT This paper describes the kinematic and precipitation evolution accompanying the passage

  4. On the Kinematics of Protein Folding SEAN CAHILL,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cahill, Kevin

    On the Kinematics of Protein Folding SEAN CAHILL,1 MICHAEL CAHILL,2 KEVIN CAHILL3 1 Department words: protein folding; homology modeling; loops; Monte Carlo; kinematics; wriggling Three Kinematic

  5. Sensor data analysis and information extraction for structural health monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan, Linjun

    2006-01-01

    Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring, StanfordA Review of Structural Health Monitoring Literature: 1996-workshop on structural Health Monitoring: Structural Health

  6. Analysis of large structures in separated shear layers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Panigrahi, P.; Acharya, S.

    1999-07-01

    Large scale structures play an important role in the development of free shear layers and jets, and there is a large body of literature dealing with this subject. For meaningful interpretation of data, different analysis techniques have been used. However, these methods have been plagued with problems associated with phase jitter in the coherent modes. The primary goal of the data analysis techniques is to identify the individual modes present and to accurately determine the evolution of the amplitudes and phases of these modes. The goal of the present work is to develop suitable data analysis techniques for accurately evaluating the amplitude and phases of the coherent structures. In this paper, a pattern recognition technique that has the potential of computing the amplitudes of the large-scale structures correctly has been developed and further extended to include the calculation of the phase jitter. The pattern recognition technique is based on characterizing the coherent components in the form of a Fourier-cosine series with each mode identified by a frequency, amplitude and phase. The series is truncated by pre-selecting the modes (based on a spectral analysis of the signal). The evaluation of the Fourier components for the different modes is then made by segmenting the whole time-series into different segments such that in one segment one period of the corresponding wave is present. The mode corresponding to the lowest frequency is evaluated first, the coherent components corresponding to this mode is then subtracted from the signal, and then the components of the next higher mode is evaluated, and the process continued till all modes have been determined. A second approach has been used in the evaluation of phase jitter, and is based on an extension of a method proposed by Ho and co-workers (referred to as the HZFB method) in this paper. Using simulated data, the HZFB method is shown to produce inaccurate results in the presence of multiple modes and small scales. The HZFB technique is modified in this paper to eliminate the small scale effects in the phase jitter calculation. Both the pattern recognition technique and the modified-HZFB method were evaluated using simulated data and measurements for separated flow behind a rib mounted on the surface of a test plate. A hot-wire anemometer was used to collect the experimental data. The results of these techniques were compared with those obtained from a traditional Fourier Analysis and the HZFB method. The superior performance of the improved data analysis techniques was clearly demonstrated both in the simulated data and in the measurements.

  7. Robust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein Structures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein Structures Print Scientists have developed a fast and

  8. Robust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein Structures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein Structures Print Scientists have developed a fast

  9. Robust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein Structures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein Structures Print Scientists have developed a

  10. Kinematic Detection of the Galactic Nuclear Disc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schönrich, Ralph; Sale, Stuart E

    2015-01-01

    We report the detection of the Galactic nuclear disc in line-of-sight kinematics of stars, measured with infrared spectroscopy from APOGEE. The nuclear disc is found to have a rotation velocity V ~ 120km/s comparable to the gas disc. The current data suggest that this disc is kinematically quite cold and has a small vertical extent of order 50pc. The stellar kinematics suggest a truncation radius of the stellar disc at a galactocentric radius R ~ 150pc, and provide tentative evidence for an overdensity at the position of the ring found in the molecular gas disc.

  11. Membrane dish analysis: A summary of structural and optical analysis capabilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steele, C.R.; Balch, C.D.; Jorgensen, G.J.; Wendelin, T.; Lewandowski, A.

    1991-11-01

    Research at SERI within the Department of Energy`s Solar Thermal Technology Program has focused on the development of membrane dish concentrators for space and terrestrial power applications. As potentially lightweight, inexpensive, high-performance structures, they are excellent candidates for space-deployable energy sources as well as cost-effective terrestrial energy concepts. A thorough engineering research treatment of these types of structures consists primarily of two parts: (1) structural mechanics of the membrane and ring support and (2) analysis and characterization of the concentrator optical performance. It is important to understand the effects of the membrane`s structure and support system on the optical performance of the concentrator. This requires an interface between appropriate structural and optical models. Until recently, such models and the required interface have not existed. This report documents research that has been conducted at SERI in this area. It is a compilation of several papers describing structural models of membrane dish structures and optical models used to predict dish concentrator optical and thermal performance. The structural models were developed under SERI subcontract by Dr. Steele and Dr. Balch of Stanford University. The optical model was developed in-house by SERI staff. In addition, the interface between the models is described. It allows easy and thorough characterization of membrane dish systems from the mechanics to the resulting optical performance. The models described herein have been and continue to be extremely useful to SERI, industry, and universities involved with the modeling and analysis of lightweight membrane concentrators for solar thermal applications.

  12. Local Structure Analysis in $Ab$ $Initio$ Liquid Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biswajit Santra; Robert A. DiStasio Jr.; Fausto Martelli; Roberto Car

    2015-02-27

    Within the framework of density functional theory, the inclusion of exact exchange and non-local van der Waals/dispersion (vdW) interactions is crucial for predicting a microscopic structure of ambient liquid water that quantitatively agrees with experiment. In this work, we have used the local structure index (LSI) order parameter to analyze the local structure in such highly accurate $ab$ $initio$ liquid water. At ambient conditions, the LSI probability distribution, P($I$), was unimodal with most water molecules characterized by more disordered high-density-like local environments. With thermal excitations removed, the resultant bimodal P($I$) in the inherent potential energy surface (IPES) exhibited a 3:1 ratio between high- and low-density-like molecules, with the latter forming small connected clusters amid the predominant population. By considering the spatial correlations and hydrogen bond network topologies $among$ water molecules with the same LSI identities, we demonstrate that the signatures of the experimentally observed low- (LDA) and high-density (HDA) amorphous phases of ice are present in the IPES of ambient liquid water. Analysis of the LSI autocorrelation function uncovered a persistence time of $\\sim$ 4 ps---a finding consistent with the fact that natural thermal fluctuations are responsible for transitions between these distinct yet transient local aqueous environments in ambient liquid water.

  13. PROTEINS: Structure, Function, and Genetics 42:332-344 Q00I\\ Protein Structural Domainss Analysis of the SDee Domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barton, Geoffrey J.

    PROTEINS: Structure, Function, and Genetics 42:332-344 Q00I\\ Protein Structural Domainss Analysis-dimensional structures in the Protein Data Bank (pDB). The database includes definitions for complex, multiple- segment. For the November lggg release, 7,995 PDB entries contained t9,767 protein chains and gave rise to 18r89Gdomains

  14. Analysis of transient heat loss in earth-sheltered structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Szydlowski, R.F.

    1980-09-01

    The two-dimensional transient Fourier heat conduction equation has been solved in cartesian coordinates using an alternating direction implicit finite difference technique for several earth sheltered building configurations. The model has been computer coded and verified by comparing results with data taken from an instrumented conventional residence basement. The present model considers variable soil properties, different types of below grade configurations, and various types, thicknesses, and locations of insulation. The model has been used to analyze the thermal impact of varying levels of interior and exterior insulation on conventional basements, earth bermed walls, and earth covered structures. Local and integrated heat transfer through the exterior building envelope versus time of year are given as functions of construction materials, insulation, and soil geometry. Temperature distributions within the building envelope material and in the surrounding soil are presented versus time of year. An economic analysis is also given to indicate the cost effectiveness of the insulation levels analyzed.

  15. Radial transmission line analysis of multi-layer structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hahn, H.; Hammons, L.

    2011-03-28

    The analysis of multi-layer beam tubes is a standard problem and involves axially propagating waves. This treatment is ill suited to a short multi-layer structure such as the present example of a ferrite covered ceramic break in the beam tube at the ERL photo-cathode electron gun. This paper demonstrates that such structure can better be treated by radial wave propagation. The theoretical method is presented and numerical results are compared with measured network analyser data and Microwave Studio generated simulations. The results confirm the concept of radial transmission lines as a valid analytical method. An Energy Recovery Linac (ERL) is being constructed at this laboratory for the purpose of research towards an envisioned Electron Ion Collider. One of the pertinent topics is damping of Higher Order Modes (HOM). In this ERL, the damping is provided by ferrite absorbers in the beam tube. A modified version thereof, a ceramic break surrounded by ferrite, is planed for the superconducting electron gun. The damper here is located at room temperature just outside of the gun. If used in a cavity chain, the ceramic break is in the vacuum tube at helium temperature whereas the ferrite is moved into the cryostat insulating vacuum allowing higher temperatures. The general properties of the ferrite HOM dampers have been published but are more detailed in this paper.

  16. Non-Deterministic Design and Analysis of Parameterized Optical Structures during Conceptual Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Non-Deterministic Design and Analysis of Parameterized Optical Structures during Conceptual Design and Analysis of Parameterized Optical Structures during Conceptual Design Scott A. Uebelhart and David W, and be robust to uncertainty since design validation will be based on analysis instead of pre-launch tests

  17. Kinematics in Randers-Finsler geometry and secular increase of the astronomical unit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    X. Li; Z. Chang

    2009-11-10

    Kinematics in Finsler space is investigated. It is showed that the result based on the kinematics with a special Finsler structure is in good agreement with the reported value of secular trend in the astronomical unit, $d{\\rm AU}/dt=15\\pm4[{\\rm m/century}]$. The space deformation parameter $\\lambda$ in this special structure is very small with scale of $10^{-6}$ and should be a constant. This fact is consistent with the reported value of an anomalous secular eccentricity variation of the Moon's orbit.

  18. H-alpha kinematics of S4G spiral galaxies-II. Data description and non-circular motions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erroz-Ferrer, Santiago; Leaman, Ryan; Cisternas, Mauricio; Font, Joan; Beckman, John E; Sheth, Kartik; Muñoz-Mateos, Juan Carlos; Díaz-García, Simón; Bosma, Albert; Athanassoula, E; Elmegreen, Bruce G; Ho, Luis C; Kim, Taehyun; Laurikainen, Eija; Martinez-Valpuesta, Inma; Meidt, Sharon E; Salo, Heikki

    2015-01-01

    We present a kinematical study of 29 spiral galaxies included in the Spitzer Survey of Stellar Structure in Galaxies, using Halpha Fabry-Perot data obtained with the Galaxy Halpha Fabry-Perot System instrument at the William Herschel Telescope in La Palma, complemented with images in the R-band and in Halpha. The primary goal is to study the evolution and properties of the main structural components of galaxies through the kinematical analysis of the FP data, complemented with studies of morphology, star formation and mass distribution. In this paper we describe how the FP data have been obtained, processed and analysed. We present the resulting moment maps, rotation curves, velocity model maps and residual maps. Images are available in FITS format through the NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database and the Centre de Donn\\'ees Stellaires. With these data products we study the non-circular motions, in particular those found along the bars and spiral arms. The data indicate that the amplitude of the non-circular motio...

  19. Kinematics of the Gould Belt Based on Open Clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vadim V. Bobylev

    2006-10-15

    We have redetermined kinematic parameters of the Gould Belt using currently available data on the motion of nearby young (log t Belt center: Ro=150 pc and lo=128 degrees. The whole structure is shown to move relative to the local standard of rest at a velocity of 10.7+-0.7 km/s in the direction l=274+-4degrees and b=-1+-3 degrees. Using the derived rotation velocity, we have estimated the virial mass of the Gould Belt to be 1.5E6 Solar mass.

  20. Sensor data analysis and information extraction for structural health monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan, Linjun

    2006-01-01

    Materials 2000: Smart Systems for Bridges, Structures andMaterials 1999: Smart Systems for Bridges, Structures andSteel Truss Bridge by Neural Networks. ” Proc. of the Smart

  1. Structural Analysis of the Desert Peak-Brady Geothermal Fields...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Nevada: Implications for Understanding Linkages Between Northeast-Trending Structures and Geothermal Reservoirs in the Humboldt Structural Zone Jump to: navigation,...

  2. Robust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein Structures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Scientists have developed a fast and efficient way to determine the structure of proteins, shortening a process that often takes years into a matter of days. The Structurally...

  3. Seismic Fragility Analysis and Loss Estimation for Concrete Structures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bai, Jong Wha

    2012-02-14

    seismic vulnerability of concrete structures and effective in quantifying the uncertainties in the loss estimation process....

  4. Using Proof-Planning to Investigate the Structure of Proof in Non-Standard Analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maclean, Ewen

    2004-01-01

    This thesis presents an investigation into the structure of proof in non-standard analysis using proof-planning. The theory of non-standard analysis, developed by Robinson in the 1960s, offers a more algebraic way of ...

  5. A novel engineering tool for thermal analysis of structural members in natural fires 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Hong; Welch, Stephen

    A novel CFD-based methodology for generalised thermal analysis of protected steel structures in fire has been developed, in order to overcome some of the limitations of detailed thermal analysis methods. Relying on having ...

  6. Structuring institutional analysis for urban ecosystems: A key to sustainable urban forest management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Tom

    Structuring institutional analysis for urban ecosystems: A key to sustainable urban forest in urban settings with a specific focus on sustainable urban forest management. We conclude that urban management . Urban forest policy. Institutional analysis . Ecosystem services . Public goods . Sustainability

  7. Highly damped kinematic coupling for precision instruments

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hale, Layton C. (Livermore, CA); Jensen, Steven A. (Livermore, CA)

    2001-01-01

    A highly damped kinematic coupling for precision instruments. The kinematic coupling provides support while causing essentially no influence to its nature shape, with such influences coming, for example, from manufacturing tolerances, temperature changes, or ground motion. The coupling uses three ball-cone constraints, each combined with a released flexural degree of freedom. This arrangement enables a gain of higher load capacity and stiffness, but can also significantly reduce the friction level in proportion to the ball radius divided by the distance between the ball and the hinge axis. The blade flexures reduces somewhat the stiffness of the coupling and provides an ideal location to apply constrained-layer damping which is accomplished by attaching a viscoelastic layer and a constraining layer on opposite sides of each of the blade flexures. The three identical ball-cone flexures provide a damped coupling mechanism to kinematically support the projection optics system of the extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUVL) system, or other load-sensitive apparatus.

  8. Structural Equation Modelling for Causal Analysis Applied to Transport Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlingloff, Holger

    barrier (SBA), fault tree (FTA) and failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) into one method. Our approach Analysis (FTA), Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA), Event Tree Analysis (ETA) or Safety Barrier]). The probably most familiar methods FTA and FMEA are widely used in industry due to their intuitive

  9. Structured video content analysis : learning spatio-temporal and multimodal structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Yale

    2014-01-01

    Video data exhibits a variety of structures: pixels exhibit spatial structure, e.g., the same class of objects share certain shapes and/or colors in image; sequences of frames exhibit temporal structure, e.g., dynamic ...

  10. The design and analysis of tension fabric structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Son, Miriam Euni

    2007-01-01

    Although tensioned fabric structures are increasingly in demand, since they are comparatively new to the engineering world, there are relatively limited resources available about such structures. This report reviews the ...

  11. 5.069 Crystal Structure Analysis, Spring 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mueller, Peter

    This course covers the following topics: X-ray diffraction: symmetry, space groups, geometry of diffraction, structure factors, phase problem, direct methods, Patterson methods, electron density maps, structure refinement, ...

  12. Identification of community power structure using the reputational approach: a comparative analysis of two Texas communities. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spiekerman, Ruth Danette Hill

    1968-01-01

    contributed toward the development of a theory of community power structure by (a) providing a descriptive analysis of the power structure of small com- munities within Southwestern United States, (b) comparing the power structure of small communities... are indicative of a pluralistic nature. Thus, it appears that the increasing strength in development of vertical ties is producing pluralism within the power structure of communities; this type of power structure may be predicted by the future development...

  13. Structural analysis of underground gunite storage tanks. Environmental Restoration Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-08-01

    This report documents the structural analysis of the 50-ft diameter underground gunite storage tanks constructed in 1943 and located in the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) South Tank Farm, known as Facility 3507 in the 3500-3999 area. The six gunite tanks (W-5 through W-10) are spaced in a 2 {times} 3 matrix at 60 ft on centers with 6 ft of soil cover. Each tank (Figures 1, 2, and 3) has an inside diameter of 50 ft, a 12-ft vertical sidewall having a thickness of 6 in. (there is an additional 1.5-in. inner liner for much of the height), and a spherical domed roof (nominal thickness is 10 in.) rising another 6 ft, 3 in. at the center of the tank. The thickness of both the sidewall and the domed roof increases to 30 in. near their juncture. The tank floor is nominally 3-in. thick, except at the juncture with the wall where the thickness increases to 9 in. The tanks are constructed of gunite (a mixture of Portland cement, sand, and water in the form of a mortar) sprayed from the nozzle of a cement gun against a form or a solid surface. The floor and the dome are reinforced with one layer of welded wire mesh and reinforcing rods placed in the radial direction. The sidewall is reinforced with three layers of welded wire mesh, vertical {1/2}-in. rods, and 21 horizontal rebar hoops (attached to the vertical rods) post-tensioned to 35,000 psi stress. The haunch at the sidewall/roof junction is reinforced with 17 horizontal rebar hoops post-tensioned with 35,000 to 40,000 psi stress. The yield strength of the post-tensioning steel rods is specified to be 60,000 psi, and all other steel is 40,000 psi steel. The specified 28-day design strength of the gunite is 5,000 psi.

  14. Multipole Representation of the Fermi Operator with Application to the Electronic Structure Analysis of Metallic Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Jianfeng

    Multipole Representation of the Fermi Operator with Application to the Electronic Structure Analysis of Metallic Systems Lin Lin and Jianfeng Lu Program in Applied and Computational Mathematics and the Fermi operator, and use this representation to develop algorithms for electronic structure analysis

  15. ECOGRAPHY 25: 601615, 2002 The consequences of spatial structure for the design and analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fortin, Marie Josee

    ECOGRAPHY 25: 601­615, 2002 The consequences of spatial structure for the design and analysis. 2002. The consequences of spatial structure for the design and analysis of ecological field surveys taught to rely on systematic or random sampling designs. If there is prior knowledge about the spatial

  16. Kinematics and Hydrodynamics of Swimming Limacina helicina using Tomographic Particle Image Velocimetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    both lift- and drag-based mechanisms for propulsion. Similar to copepods, they impulsively drag fluid, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta GA 3 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Johns Hopkins structure (Bednarsek et al 2012). The influence on the kinematics and propulsion of the organism due

  17. Embedding infinitely parallel computation in Newtonian kinematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tucker, John V.

    Embedding infinitely parallel computation in Newtonian kinematics E.J. Beggs a,1 J.V. Tucker b,2 a, infinite parallellism 1 Email: e.j.beggs@swansea.ac.uk 2 Email: j.v.tucker@swansea.ac.uk Preprint submitted

  18. Constrained tri-sphere kinematic positioning system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Viola, Robert J (Jackson, WY)

    2010-12-14

    A scalable and adaptable, six-degree-of-freedom, kinematic positioning system is described. The system can position objects supported on top of, or suspended from, jacks comprising constrained joints. The system is compatible with extreme low temperature or high vacuum environments. When constant adjustment is not required a removable motor unit is available.

  19. Kinematic Synthesis of Stephenson III Six-bar Function Generators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plecnik, MM; McCarthy, JM

    2015-01-01

    2000. Mechanism Design: Enumeration of Kinematic Structureskinematic chain and stationary configurations of Stephenson six-bar,” Mechanism and

  20. How reliable is the kinematical evidence for dark matter: the effects of non-sphericity, substructure and streaming motions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teresa Sanchis; Ewa L. Lokas; Gary A. Mamon

    2003-10-19

    Using cosmological $N$-body simulations of dark matter haloes, we study the effects of non-sphericity, substructure and streaming motions in reproducing the structure and internal kinematics of clusters of galaxies from kinematical measurements. Fitting an NFW model to the 3D density profile, we determine the virial mass, concentration parameter and velocity anisotropy of the haloes, and then calculate the profiles of projected velocity moments, as they would be measured by a distant observer. Using these mock data, we apply a Jeans analysis for spherical objects to reproduce the line-of-sight velocity dispersion and kurtosis and fit the three parameters. We find that the line-of-sight velocity dispersion and kurtosis profiles of a given halo can vary considerably with the angle of view of the observer. We show that the virial mass, concentration parameter and velocity anisotropy of the haloes can be reproduced satisfactorily independently of the halo shape, although the virial mass tends to be underestimated, the concentration parameter overestimated, while the recovered anisotropy is typically more tangential than the true one. The mass, concentration and velocity anisotropy of haloes are recovered with better precision when their mean velocity profiles are near zero.

  1. AERO-STRUCTURAL WING DESIGN OPTIMIZATION USING HIGH-FIDELITY SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    AERO-STRUCTURAL WING DESIGN OPTIMIZATION USING HIGH-FIDELITY SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS Joaquim R. R. A and implements a framework for the computation of cou- pled aero-structural sensitivities which are required for the design of aircraft where aeroelastic interactions are significant. All aero-structural sensitivities

  2. Asymptotic Analysis of the Structure of Moderately Rich Methane-Air Flames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pitsch, Heinz

    Asymptotic Analysis of the Structure of Moderately Rich Methane-Air Flames K. SESHADRI,* X. S. BAI Republic of Germany The asymptotic structure of laminar, moderately rich, premixed methane flames structure of laminar, stoichi- ometric, and lean methane flames [1­6]. For rich flames, these analyses did

  3. Multivariate analysis of spatial patterns: a unified approach to local and global structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thioulouse, Jean

    Multivariate analysis of spatial patterns: a unified approach to local and global structures JEAN structures. The introduction of the D-centring (centring with respect to the neighbouring weights) allows us obtained on both simulated and real data sets, showing how spatial structure can be detected and analysed

  4. Structural Logistic Regression for Link Analysis Alexandrin Popescul and Lyle H. Ungar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dzeroski, Saso

    databases in which potential pre- dictors, both boolean and real-valued, are generated by structured search with the higher expressivity of features automatically generated from a relational database. Structural LogisticStructural Logistic Regression for Link Analysis Alexandrin Popescul and Lyle H. Ungar Department

  5. A Computational Pipeline for Protein Structure Prediction and Analysis at Genome Scale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 A Computational Pipeline for Protein Structure Prediction and Analysis at Genome Scale Manesh that they can complement the existing experimental techniques. In this paper, we present an automated pipeline for protein structure prediction. The centerpiece of the pipeline is a threading-based protein structure

  6. Industrial structures : an analysis and transformation of their formal characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strub, Damon

    1988-01-01

    Industrial structures such as blast furnaces, oil refineries, gravel crushers etc. are often beautiful and fascinating. Furthermore, they exemplify certain formal and organizational characteristics which could be incorporated ...

  7. HI Distribution and Kinematics of UGCA 86

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. M. Stil; A. D. Gray; J. I. Harnett

    2004-08-06

    We present 21-cm HI line and 408 MHz and 1.4 GHz continuum observations of the dwarf galaxy UGCA 86 with the DRAO synthesis telescope. UGCA 86 is detected in the continuum at 408 MHz (S_{408} = 120 +/- 30 mJy) and 1.4 GHz (S_{1400} = 79 +/- 3 mJy). The HI structure of UGCA 86 is complex, with two separate components: a rotating disk and a highly elongated spur that is kinematically disjunct from the disk. The HI disk is centered on the optical galaxy with similar axial ratio and orientation of the major axis. An area of the disk with a peculiar velocity of 25 km/s relative to the regular rotation of the disk is found on the southern side, where most of the star formation is concentrated. The spur is seen along the minor axis of UGCA 86 and overlaps in part with the disk. Towards the optical center of UGCA 86, the velocity difference between the spur and the disk is 40 km/s, about one third of the rotation velocity of the HI disk at 6 kpc from the center. This implies a large radial component of the orbital velocity of the spur, and therefore a significantly non-circular orbit. The velocity dispersion of the disk is 8.8 km/s, whereas the velocity dispersion of the spur varies from 10 km/s to 30 km/s. A possible tidal origin of the spur is considered in view of the proximity of the large Scd galaxy IC 342. However, evidence that the spur is located far outside the plane of the HI disk, and the absence of evidence for a warp in the outer HI disk, poses a problem for the interpretation of the spur as a tidal tail induced by IC 342. Detailed modelling of the IC 342/UGCA 86 system will be required before a tidal origin of the spur can be dismissed conclusively. The possibility that the spur is part of the nascent cloud of UGCA 86 or the remains of a small dwarf galaxy is presented as an alternative interpretation.

  8. Actuator and Kinematic Redundancy in Biological Motor Control*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shadmehr, Reza

    ofthis mapping. We contend that these kinematic maps must be augmented by a mechanism that takesActuator and Kinematic Redundancy in Biological Motor Control* Reza Shadmehr Center for Net the derived kinematic relationships are used to set the bias of the dretch reflex feedback loop, while

  9. An XYZ Parallel-Kinematic Flexure Mechanism With Geometrically

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awtar, Shorya

    An XYZ Parallel-Kinematic Flexure Mechanism With Geometrically Decoupled Degrees of Freedom Shorya of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 A novel parallel-kinematic flexure mechanism that provides highly decoupled parallel-kinematic flexure mechanism. The proposed concept is inherently free of geometric overconstraints

  10. Kinematic Decoupling in Mechanisms and Application to a Passive Hand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayward, Vincent

    Kinematic Decoupling in Mechanisms and Application to a Passive Hand Controller Design Vincent, 1992 Observations regarding the kinematics of mechanisms are applied to the synthesis of a passive hand In this article we apply observations regarding the kinematic properties of mechanisms to the design of a simple

  11. Intermodal Image-Based Recognition of Planar Kinematic Mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kara, Levent Burak

    Intermodal Image-Based Recognition of Planar Kinematic Mechanisms Matthew Eicholtz, Levent Burak kinematic mechanisms, which can be viewed as a set of rigid bodies connected by joints, and use textbook a desired dynamic profile (see Fig. 1 for examples). The ability to visualize the kinematics of a mechanism

  12. Manipulator Control at Kinematic Singularities: A Dynamically Consistent Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    mechanism [6]. These two models are the bases for implementing the control strategy for kinematicManipulator Control at Kinematic Singularities: A Dynamically Consistent Strategy Kyong-Sok Chang Abstract This paper presents a general strategy for manipu- lator control at kinematic singularities. When

  13. Structural Analysis of a Chimeric Bacterial R-Amylase. High-Resolution Analysis of Native and Ligand Complexes,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Structural Analysis of a Chimeric Bacterial R-Amylase. High-Resolution Analysis of Native ReceiVed April 26, 2000 ABSTRACT: Several chimeric R-amylases genes were constructed by an in vivo amylases (hereafter BA2), consisting of residues 1-300 from B. amyloliquefaciens and 301-483 from B

  14. Lorentz violating kinematics: Threshold theorems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baccetti, Valentina; Visser, Matt

    2011-01-01

    Recent tentative experimental indications, and the subsequent theoretical speculations, regarding possible violations of Lorentz invariance have attracted a vast amount of attention. An important technical issue that considerably complicates detailed calculations in any such scenario, is that once one violates Lorentz invariance the analysis of thresholds in both scattering and decay processes becomes extremely subtle, with many new and naively unexpected effects. In the current article we develop several extremely general threshold theorems that depend only on the existence of some energy momentum relation E(p), eschewing even assumptions of isotropy or monotonicity. We shall argue that there are physically interesting situations where such a level of generality is called for, and that existing (partial) results in the literature make unnecessary technical assumptions. Even in this most general of settings, we show that at threshold all final state particles move with the same 3-velocity, while initial state...

  15. AN ANALYSIS OF PROTEIN FOLDING BY DECODING THE HIERARCHY OF NATIVE-STATE STRUCTURAL INTERACTIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thorpe, Michael

    AN ANALYSIS OF PROTEIN FOLDING BY DECODING THE HIERARCHY OF NATIVE-STATE STRUCTURAL INTERACTIONS and Department of Physics and Astronomy 2002 #12;ABSTRACT AN ANALYSIS OF PROTEIN FOLDING BY DECODING by which proteins fold is one of the most intensely studied prob- lems in science. Here, an analysis

  16. Wrinkle development analysis in thin sail-like structures using MITC shell finite elements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Wrinkle development analysis in thin sail-like structures using MITC shell finite elements D submitted to Finite Elements in Analysis and Design September 20, 2012 hal-00733994,version1-20Sep2012 Author manuscript, published in "Finite Elements in Analysis and Design 64 (2013) 48-64" DOI : 10.1016/j

  17. Analysis of blast mitigation strategies exploiting fluid-structure interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambouchev, Nayden Dimitrov, 1980-

    2007-01-01

    Blast attacks have become the most pervasive threat in both civil and military contexts. However, there is currently a limited understanding of the mechanisms of loading, damage and failure of structures, and injury to ...

  18. System for Analysis of Soil-Structure Interaction (SASSI) Verification...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    the commercial nuclear industry to analyze the effect of seismic ground motions on structures. Its outputs can play a key role in the seismic design of facilities. Since SASSI...

  19. Analysis of steel silo structures on discrete supports 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Hongyu

    The objective of this thesis is to broaden current knowledge of the strength and buckling/collapse of shells, with special reference to steel silo structures on discrete supports, and thus to provide design guidance of ...

  20. Nonlinear analysis of smart composite plate and shell structures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Seung Joon

    2005-08-29

    Theoretical formulations, analytical solutions, and finite element solutions for laminated composite plate and shell structures with smart material laminae are presented in the study. A unified third-order shear deformation ...

  1. Structural and economic analysis of capesize bulk carriers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hadjiyiannis, Nicholas

    2010-01-01

    Structural failures of bulk carriers continue to account for the loss of many lives every year. Capes are particularly vulnerable to cracking because of their large length, their trade in high density cargos, and the high ...

  2. Analysis of Haplotype Structure in the Bovine Major Histocompatibility Complex 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fritz, Krista L.

    2011-02-22

    The goal of this project was to identify and characterize polymorphic markers spanning regions of the bovine major histocompatibility complex (BoLA) to analyze patterns of genetic variation and haplotype structure across ...

  3. A structural analysis of the first Cardington test 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gillie, Martin; Usmani, Asif; Rotter, J Michael

    2001-01-01

    This paper presents a finite element analysis of the first Cardington test using shell elements to model the concrete floor slab. The behaviour of these elements is defined using FEAST, a program that allows the behaviour ...

  4. Dynamics of Formal Political Structure: An Event-History Analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hannan, Michael T; Carroll, Glenn R

    2015-08-15

    The authors apply event history analysis to records on 90 countries from 1950-1975 to test hypotheses consistent with world systems and modernization hypotheses. The hypotheses predict factors associated with political change from/to one...

  5. Local Structure Analysis in $Ab$ $Initio$ Liquid Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santra, Biswajit; Martelli, Fausto; Car, Roberto

    2015-01-01

    Within the framework of density functional theory, the inclusion of exact exchange and non-local van der Waals/dispersion (vdW) interactions is crucial for predicting a microscopic structure of ambient liquid water that quantitatively agrees with experiment. In this work, we have used the local structure index (LSI) order parameter to analyze the local structure in such highly accurate $ab$ $initio$ liquid water. At ambient conditions, the LSI probability distribution, P($I$), was unimodal with most water molecules characterized by more disordered high-density-like local environments. With thermal excitations removed, the resultant bimodal P($I$) in the inherent potential energy surface (IPES) exhibited a 3:1 ratio between high- and low-density-like molecules, with the latter forming small connected clusters amid the predominant population. By considering the spatial correlations and hydrogen bond network topologies $among$ water molecules with the same LSI identities, we demonstrate that the signatures of th...

  6. Seismic reflection analysis of the Manson Impact Structure, Iowa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keiswetter, Dean; Black, Ross A.; Steeples, Don W.

    1996-03-10

    Structure (MIS), Iowa, has been documented by other researchers [Short, 1966; Hattung and Anderson, 1989; Hattung et aL, 1990; Anderson and Hartung, 1992; Anderson et al., 1993; Short and Gold, 1993], structural nd stratigraphic details of the MIS...], and the Chesapeake Bay crater [Poag et al., 1994]. This research was conducted as part of a multiagency research initiative that was organized in 1991 to examine the MIS in detail and determine its relation to the K/T boundary. The multiyear, multidiscipline...

  7. Using 3D Spectroscopy to Probe the Orbital Structure of Composite Bulges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erwin, Peter; Thomas, Jens; Fabricius, Maximilian; Bender, Ralf; Rusli, Stephanie; Nowak, Nina; Beckman, John E; Beltrán, Juan Carlos Vega

    2014-01-01

    Detailed imaging and spectroscopic analysis of the centers of nearby S0 and spiral galaxies shows the existence of "composite bulges", where both classical bulges and disky pseudobulges coexist in the same galaxy. As part of a search for supermassive black holes in nearby galaxy nuclei, we obtained VLT-SINFONI observations in adaptive-optics mode of several of these galaxies. Schwarzschild dynamical modeling enables us to disentangle the stellar orbital structure of the different central components, and to distinguish the differing contributions of kinematically hot (classical bulge) and kinematically cool (pseudobulge) components in the same galaxy.

  8. The Remote Photogrammetric Survey and Engineering Analysis of the Divertor Structure during JET’s Remote Tile Exchange

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Remote Photogrammetric Survey and Engineering Analysis of the Divertor Structure during JET’s Remote Tile Exchange

  9. The SLUGGS survey: wide-field stellar kinematics of early-type galaxies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arnold, Jacob A.; Romanowsky, Aaron J.; Brodie, Jean P.; Woodley, Kristin A.; Forbes, Duncan A.; Blom, Christina; Kartha, Sreeja S.; Pastorello, Nicola; Pota, Vincenzo; Usher, Christopher; Strader, Jay; Spitler, Lee R.; Foster, Caroline

    2014-08-20

    We present stellar kinematics of 22 nearby early-type galaxies (ETGs), based on two-dimensional (2D) absorption line stellar spectroscopy out to ?2-4 R {sub e} (effective radii), as part of the ongoing SLUGGS Survey. The galaxies span a factor of 20 in intrinsic luminosity, as well as a full range of environment and ETG morphology. Our data consist of good velocity resolution (?{sub inst} ? 25 km s{sup –1}) integrated stellar-light spectra extracted from the individual slitlets of custom made Keck/DEIMOS slitmasks. We extract stellar kinematics measurements (V, ?, h {sub 3}, and h {sub 4}) for each galaxy. Combining with literature values from smaller radii, we present 2D spatially resolved maps of the large-scale kinematic structure in each galaxy. We find that the kinematic homogeneity found inside 1 R {sub e} often breaks down at larger radii, where a variety of kinematic behaviors are observed. While central slow rotators remain slowly rotating in their halos, central fast rotators show more diversity, ranging from rapidly increasing to rapidly declining specific angular momentum profiles in the outer regions. There are indications that the outer trends depend on morphological type, raising questions about the proposed unification of the elliptical and lenticular (S0) galaxy families in the ATLAS{sup 3D} survey. Several galaxies in our sample show multiple lines of evidence for distinct disk components embedded in more slowly rotating spheroids, and we suggest a joint photometric-kinematic approach for robust bulge-disk decomposition. Our observational results appear generally consistent with a picture of two-phase (in-situ plus accretion) galaxy formation.

  10. On a tensor-based finite element model for the analysis of shell structures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arciniega Aleman, Roman Augusto

    2006-04-12

    In the present study, we propose a computational model for the linear and nonlinear analysis of shell structures. We consider a tensor-based finite element formulation which describes the mathematical shell model in a ...

  11. Essays on the structural estimation and analysis of corporate and industrial markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Moshe Aharon

    2009-01-01

    The three chapters which comprise my thesis are a collection of essays on the analysis of the corporate governance and airline markets and of the federal appellate structure. In Chapter 1, I use a discrete choice framework ...

  12. Development of an engineering methodology for thermal analysis of protected structural members in fire 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Hong; Welch, Stephen

    In order to overcome the limitations of existing methodologies for thermal analysis of protected structural members in fire, a novel CFD-based methodology has been developed. This is a generalised quasi- 3D approach with ...

  13. Structural analysis of N- and O-glycans using ZIC-HILIC/dialysis...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    coupled to NMR detection This content will become publicly available on November 1, 2015 Title: Structural analysis of N- and O-glycans using ZIC-HILICdialysis coupled to NMR...

  14. The role of computer-aided drafting, analysis, and design software in structural engineering practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De los Reyes, Adrian

    2006-01-01

    Perhaps the greatest innovation in engineering in the last fifty years, computer software has changed the way structural engineers conduct nearly every aspect of their daily business. Computer-aided drafting, analysis, and ...

  15. Design of structurally-sound masonry buildings using 3D static analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whiting, Emily Jing Wei

    2012-01-01

    In the design of buildings, structural analysis is traditionally performed after the aesthetic design has been determined and has little in uence on the overall form. This thesis presents methods to integrate architectural ...

  16. Analysis of a typical Midwestern structure subjected to seismic loads 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Jason Frazier

    2013-02-22

    The extent of damage and casualties in Midwest cities such as St. Louis during an earthquake caused by the New Madrid fault system will be due in part to the performance of buildings. Dynamic nonlinear analysis of a reinforced concrete building...

  17. Structural Analysis and Diffusional Behavior of Molecularly Imprinted Polymer Networks for Cholesterol Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peppas, Nicholas A.

    by molecular design of methacrylate-based structures containing poly(ethylene glycol) in moderately and highly) is a tech- nique in which functional monomers are allowed to self- assemble around a template moleculeStructural Analysis and Diffusional Behavior of Molecularly Imprinted Polymer Networks

  18. AIAA-2003-0867 STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF INFLOW AND STRUCTURAL RESPONSE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712 2 Wind Energy Technology Department, Sandia NationalAIAA-2003-0867 STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF INFLOW AND STRUCTURAL RESPONSE DATA FROM THE LIST PROGRAM Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87185 ABSTRACT The Long-Term Inflow and Structural Test (LIST) program

  19. Stable all-optical limiting in nonlinear periodic structures. I. Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pelinovsky, Dmitry

    Stable all-optical limiting in nonlinear periodic structures. I. Analysis Dmitry Pelinovsky consider propagation of coherent light through a nonlinear periodic optical structure consisting of two al-dependent dy- namics. We find the domain for existence of true all-optical limiting when the input

  20. Moisture and Structural Analysis for High Performance Hybrid Wall Assemblies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grin, A.; Lstiburek, J.

    2012-09-01

    Based on past experience in the Building America program, BSC has found that combinations of materials and approaches—in other words, systems—usually provide optimum performance. Integration is necessary, as described in this research project. The hybrid walls analyzed utilize a combination of exterior insulation, diagonal metal strapping, and spray polyurethane foam and leave room for cavity-fill insulation. These systems can provide effective thermal, air, moisture, and water barrier systems in one assembly and provide structure.

  1. NONLINEAR FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURES SUBJECTED TO TRANSIENT THERMAL LOADS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vecchio, Frank J.

    Abstract ii NONLINEAR FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURES SUBJECTED nonlinear finite element transient thermal analysis is implemented into program VecTor2©, a nonlinear's response to thermal loads, this research develops and implements a 2D nonlinear finite element transient

  2. The alternative approach to QCD analysis of the structure function F2gamma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiri Hejbal

    2007-11-12

    The alternative approach to QCD analysis of the structure function F2gamma is presented. It differs from the conventional one by the presence of the terms, which in conventional approach appear in higher orders. The numerical results show that this difference is nonnegligible and may play an important role in the analysis on photon data of the future experiments.

  3. Local structure analysis of solid state ionic conductors, perovskite-derived structures by NMR and computational studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dervisoglu, Riza

    2013-10-08

    Analysis of Solid State Ionic Conductors, Perovskite-derived Structures by NMR and Computational StudiesR?za Dervis¸og?lu Department of Chemistry / Darwin College University of Cambridge A thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy 20/09/2013 I... with perovskite and perovskite-derived crystallographic structures, i.e. Ba2In2O5, Ba2(In1-xGax)2O5 and Ba2In2O4(OH)2, were investigated for their high ionic (O2– and H+) mobility at elevated tem- peratures. Two general methods were employed in this investigation...

  4. The Structures/Materials Program encompasses a multitude of areas such as structural analysis and design, steel and concrete structures,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , buildings, bridges and dams, power plant design, wind analysis and design, finite element method, earthquake by the list, the employment and career opportunities span the spectrum and are not limited to certain

  5. Regge Analysis of Diffractive and Leading Baryon Structure Functions from DIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Batista; R. J. M. Covolan; J. Montanha

    2002-03-08

    In this paper we present a combined analysis of the H1 data on leading baryon and diffractive structure functions from DIS, which are handled as two components of the same semi-inclusive process. The available structure function data are analyzed in a series of fits in which three main exchanges are taking into account: pomeron, reggeon and pion. For each of these contributions, Regge factorization of the correspondent structure function is assumed. By this procedure, we extract information about the interface between the diffractive, pomeron-dominated, region and the leading proton spectrum, which is mostly ruled by secondary exchanges. One of the main results is that the relative reggeon contribution to the semi-inclusive structure function is much smaller than the one obtained from a analysis of the diffractive structure function alone.

  6. Quantum information analysis of electronic states at different molecular structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Barcza; Ö. Legeza; K. H. Marti; M. Reiher

    2010-08-26

    We have studied transition metal clusters from a quantum information theory perspective using the density-matrix renormalization group (DMRG) method. We demonstrate the competition between entanglement and interaction localization. We also discuss the application of the configuration interaction based dynamically extended active space procedure which significantly reduces the effective system size and accelerates the speed of convergence for complicated molecular electronic structures to a great extent. Our results indicate the importance of taking entanglement among molecular orbitals into account in order to devise an optimal orbital ordering and carry out efficient calculations on transition metal clusters. We propose a recipe to perform DMRG calculations in a black-box fashion and we point out the connections of our work to other tensor network state approaches.

  7. Integration of Noise and Coda Correlation Data into Kinematic...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Integration of Noise and Coda Correlation Data into Kinematic and Waveform Inversions presentation at the April 2013 peer review meeting held in Denver, Colorado....

  8. PERIORAL BIOMECHANICS, KINEMATICS, AND ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY IN PARKINSON'S DISEASE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Shin Ying

    2010-11-21

    This investigation quantitatively characterized the orofacial biomechanics, labial kinematics, and associated electromyography (EMG) patterns in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) as a function of anti-PD medication ...

  9. Geography-based structural analysis of the Internet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kasiviswanathan, Shiva; Eidenbenz, Stephan; Yan, Guanhua

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we study some geographic aspects of the Internet. We base our analysis on a large set of geolocated IP hop-level session data (including about 300,000 backbone routers, 150 million end hosts, and 1 billion sessions) that we synthesized from a variety of different input sources such as US census data, computer usage statistics, Internet market share data, IP geolocation data sets, CAJDA's Skitter data set for backbone connectivity, and BGP routing tables. We use this model to perform a nationwide and statewide geographic analysis of the Internet. Our main observations are: (1) There is a dominant coast-to-coast pattern in the US Internet traffic. In fact, in many instances even if the end-devices are not near either coast, still the traffic between them takes a long detour through the coasts. (2) More than half of the Internet paths are inflated by 100% or more compared to their corresponding geometric straight-line distance. This circuitousness makes the average ratio between the routing distance and geometric distance big (around 10). (3) The weighted mean hop count is around 5, but the hop counts are very loosely correlated with the distances. The weighted mean AS count (number of ASes traversed) is around 3. (4) The AS size and the AS location number distributions are heavy-tailed and strongly correlated. Most of the ASes are medium sized and there is a wide variability in the geographic dispersion size (measured in terms of the convex hull area) of these ASes.

  10. Kinematics of ionized and molecular hydrogen in the core of M100

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. H. Knapen; I. Shlosman; C. H. Heller; R. J. Rand; J. E. Beckman; M. Rozas

    1999-09-01

    We present high angular and velocity resolution two-dimensional kinematic observations in the spectral lines of H alpha and CO J=1-0 of the circumnuclear starburst region in the barred spiral galaxy M100, and compare them with kinematics derived from our previously published numerical modeling. The H alpha data, fully sampled and at sub-arcsecond resolution, show a rotation curve that is rapidly rising in the central ~140 pc, and stays roughly constant, at the main disk value, further out. Non-circular motions are studied from the H alpha and CO data by detailed consideration of the velocity fields, residual velocity fields after subtraction of the rotation curve, and sets of position-velocity diagrams. These motions are interpreted as the kinematic signatures of gas streaming along the inner part of the bar, and of density wave streaming motions across a two-armed mini-spiral. Comparison with a two-dimensional velocity field and rotation curve derived from our 1995 dynamical model shows good qualitative and quantitative agreement for the circular and non-circular kinematic components. Both morphology and kinematics of this region require the presence of a double inner Lindblad Resonance in order to explain the observed twisting of the near-infrared isophotes and the gas velocity field. These are compatible with the presence of a global density wave driven by the moderately strong stellar bar in this galaxy. We review recent observational and modeling results on the circumnuclear region in M100, and discuss the implications for bar structure and gas dynamics in the core of M100 and other disk galaxies.

  11. Kinematic Synthesis with Configuration Spaces \\Lambda Devika Subramanian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Devika

    that both the topology and the types of kinematic pairs of the mechanism are determined togethKinematic Synthesis with Configuration Spaces \\Lambda Devika Subramanian Department of Computer introduces a new approach to the conceptual design of mechanical systems from qualitative specifications

  12. Reconstructing the knee joint mechanism from kinematic data Irene Reichla

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinmüller, Ewa B.

    Reconstructing the knee joint mechanism from kinematic data Irene Reichla *, Winfried Auzingerb-1040 Vienna, Austria; c Institute of Mechanics and Mechatronics, Vienna University of Technology, A) The interpretation of joint kinematics data in terms of displacements is a product of the type of movement

  13. Mechanical discontinuities monitoring at Merapi volcano using kinematic GPS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beauducel, François

    Mechanical discontinuities monitoring at Merapi volcano using kinematic GPS F. Beauducel a,c,*, M to precisely locate major mechanical discontinuities within the edifice. Precisely locating to evaluate potential volumes of falling material. The kinematic GPS method offers a way to partially solve

  14. Thermal and Kinematic Evolution of the Eastern Cordillera Fold and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toro, Jaime

    Thermal and Kinematic Evolution of the Eastern Cordillera Fold and Thrust Belt, Colombia Jaime Toro and then calculated the conductive thermal state of key steps of the kinematic history using ThrustpackR 4.0. The models were constrained by well, seismic, apatite fission-track, and thermal-maturity data. The main

  15. Introduction to Inverse Kinematics with Jacobian Transpose, Pseudoinverse and Damped

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chai, Jinxiang

    Introduction to Inverse Kinematics with Jacobian Transpose, Pseudoinverse and Damped Least Squares method, the pseudoinverse method, and the damped least squares methods for inverse kinematics (IK], pseudoinverse methods [45], Jacobian transpose methods [5, 46], the Levenberg-Marquardt damped least squares

  16. Kinematic Error Correction for Minimally Invasive Surgical Robots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in two likely sources of kinematic error: port displacement and instrument shaft flexion. For a quasi. To reach the surgical site near the chest wall, the instrument shaft applies significant torque to the port, and the instrument shaft to bend. These kinematic errors impair positioning of the robot and cause deviations from

  17. 3D spectroscopy of the ionized gas kinematics in galactic rings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moiseev, A V

    2008-01-01

    The kinematics of galactic rings were studied with a scanning Fabry-Perot interferometer mounted in the multi-mode focal reducer SCORPIO (Afanasiev & Moiseev 2005) at the SAO RAS 6-m telescope. The analysis of the ionized gas velocity fields allows us to understand the nature of the ring formation in several galaxies. The different types of the rings in the presented objects (resonanced, collisional, polar) were caused by the various sorts of interactions: merging, head-on collisions.

  18. 3D spectroscopy of the ionized gas kinematics in galactic rings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. V. Moiseev

    2008-01-10

    The kinematics of galactic rings were studied with a scanning Fabry-Perot interferometer mounted in the multi-mode focal reducer SCORPIO (Afanasiev & Moiseev 2005) at the SAO RAS 6-m telescope. The analysis of the ionized gas velocity fields allows us to understand the nature of the ring formation in several galaxies. The different types of the rings in the presented objects (resonanced, collisional, polar) were caused by the various sorts of interactions: merging, head-on collisions.

  19. Protein Folding Dynamics via Quantification of Kinematic Energy Landscape Sema Kachalo, Hsiao-Mei Lu, and Jie Liang*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dai, Yang

    Protein Folding Dynamics via Quantification of Kinematic Energy Landscape Se¨ma Kachalo, Hsiao of protein folding has been studied ex- tensively [1,2]. A remarkable observation is that protein folding that protein folding rates are largely determined by the topology of their native structure [3]. Theoretical

  20. Time-frequency analysis of Transitory/Permanent frequency decrease in civil engineering structures during earthquakes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michel, Clotaire

    2008-01-01

    The analysis of strong motion recordings in structures is crucial to understand the damaging process during earthquakes. A very precise time-frequency representation, the reassigned smoothed pseudo-Wigner-Ville method, allowed us to follow the variation of the Millikan Library (California) and the Grenoble City Hall building (France) resonance frequencies during earthquakes. Under strong motions, a quick frequency drop, attributed to damage of the soil-structure system, followed by a slower increase is found. However, in the case of weak earthquakes, we show that frequency variations come from the ground motion spectrum and cannot be interpreted in terms of change of the soil-structure system.

  1. http://eprint.iacr.org/2006/384.pdf Design and Analysis of a Hash Ring-iterative Structure*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    http://eprint.iacr.org/2006/384.pdf 1 Design and Analysis of a Hash Ring-iterative Structure, and SHA-1 [1] for example adopt the Merkle-Damgård (MD) iterative structure [2][3] . The design principle function, but also on a collision-free iteration structure. 2 Design of Hash Ring-iterative Structures 2

  2. Analysis of electromagnetic scattering by nearly periodic structures: an LDRD report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, William Arthur; Warne, Larry Kevin; Jorgenson, Roy Eberhardt; Wilton, Donald R. (University of Houston, Houston, TX); Basilio, Lorena I.; Peters, David William; Capolino, F. (University of Houston, Houston, TX)

    2006-10-01

    In this LDRD we examine techniques to analyze the electromagnetic scattering from structures that are nearly periodic. Nearly periodic could mean that one of the structure's unit cells is different from all the others--a defect. It could also mean that the structure is truncated, or butted up against another periodic structure to form a seam. Straightforward electromagnetic analysis of these nearly periodic structures requires us to grid the entire structure, which would overwhelm today's computers and the computers in the foreseeable future. In this report we will examine various approximations that allow us to continue to exploit some aspects of the structure's periodicity and thereby reduce the number of unknowns required for analysis. We will use the Green's Function Interpolation with a Fast Fourier Transform (GIFFT) to examine isolated defects both in the form of a source dipole over a meta-material slab and as a rotated dipole in a finite array of dipoles. We will look at the numerically exact solution of a one-dimensional seam. In order to solve a two-dimensional seam, we formulate an efficient way to calculate the Green's function of a 1d array of point sources. We next formulate ways of calculating the far-field due to a seam and due to array truncation based on both array theory and high-frequency asymptotic methods. We compare the high-frequency and GIFFT results. Finally, we use GIFFT to solve a simple, two-dimensional seam problem.

  3. Non-Linear Seismic Soil Structure Interaction (SSI) Method for Developing Non-Linear Seismic SSI Analysis Techniques

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Non-Linear Seismic Soil Structure Interaction (SSI) Method for Developing Non-Linear Seismic SSI Analysis Techniques Justin Coleman, P.E. October 25th, 2011

  4. proteinsSTRUCTURE O FUNCTION O BIOINFORMATICS Analysis of the electrochemistry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunner, Marilyn

    proteinsSTRUCTURE O FUNCTION O BIOINFORMATICS Analysis of the electrochemistry of hemes with Ems heme electrochemistry includes the interac- tions of the heme with its ligands, the solvent impor- tant in setting heme electrochemistry in proteins. For example, the loss of solvation (reaction

  5. Computational analysis of an aortic valve jet with Lagrangian coherent structures1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Computational analysis of an aortic valve jet with Lagrangian coherent structures1 Shawn C. Shadden valves. An important step in making these computational tools useful to clinical practice. This work focuses on flow through the aortic valve and il- lustrates how the computation of Lagrangian

  6. HOUSEHOLD AND STRUCTURAL INSECTS Mineral Oil and Aliphatic Alcohols: Toxicity and Analysis of Synergistic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Brien, Timothy E.

    HOUSEHOLD AND STRUCTURAL INSECTS Mineral Oil and Aliphatic Alcohols: Toxicity and Analysis. Entomol. 104(5): 1680Ð1686 (2011); DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/EC10440 ABSTRACT Two mineral oils and 12 and some- times repeated applications. Mineral oils, and other petroleum distillates, are often used

  7. A Structural Analysis of Vehicle Design Responses to Corporate Average Fuel Economy Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalek, Jeremy J.

    09-0588 A Structural Analysis of Vehicle Design Responses to Corporate Average Fuel Economy Policy, Michalek, and Hendrickson 1 ABSTRACT The U.S. Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) regulations, which aim fuel economy; Energy policy; Oligopolistic market; Mixed logit #12;Shiau, Michalek, and Hendrickson 2 1

  8. A structural analysis of vehicle design responses to Corporate Average Fuel Economy policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalek, Jeremy J.

    A structural analysis of vehicle design responses to Corporate Average Fuel Economy policy Ching 2009 Accepted 29 August 2009 Keywords: Corporate Average Fuel Economy Energy policy Oligopolistic market Game theory Vehicle design a b s t r a c t The US Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE

  9. Economics of Online Structural Health Monitoring of Wind Turbines: Cost Benefit Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalley, James D.

    ' desire a shift away from carbon intensive electricity generation. Wind power is increasingly becomingEconomics of Online Structural Health Monitoring of Wind Turbines: Cost Benefit Analysis Jeremy Van monitoring (OSHM) and condition-based maintenance (CBM) of wind turbine blades has the potential to reduce O

  10. Meet-in-the-Middle Attacks and Structural Analysis of Round-Reduced PRINCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Meet-in-the-Middle Attacks and Structural Analysis of Round-Reduced PRINCE Patrick Derbez and Léo cipher they designed, PRINCE. Instead of trying to attack as many rounds as possible using attacks which on round-reduced PRINCE includ- ing the ones which won the challenge in the 6 and 8-round categories

  11. A polymer model with long-range interactions: analysis and applications to the chromatin structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holcman, David

    A polymer model with long-range interactions: analysis and applications to the chromatin structure consists of the DNA and its hierarchy of interact- ing molecules that can be modeled as a complex polymer. To describe the chromatin dynamic, we develop and analyze here a polymer model that accounts for long range

  12. Methods for simulation-based analysis of fluid-structure interaction.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barone, Matthew Franklin; Payne, Jeffrey L.

    2005-10-01

    Methods for analysis of fluid-structure interaction using high fidelity simulations are critically reviewed. First, a literature review of modern numerical techniques for simulation of aeroelastic phenomena is presented. The review focuses on methods contained within the arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) framework for coupling computational fluid dynamics codes to computational structural mechanics codes. The review treats mesh movement algorithms, the role of the geometric conservation law, time advancement schemes, wetted surface interface strategies, and some representative applications. The complexity and computational expense of coupled Navier-Stokes/structural dynamics simulations points to the need for reduced order modeling to facilitate parametric analysis. The proper orthogonal decomposition (POD)/Galerkin projection approach for building a reduced order model (ROM) is presented, along with ideas for extension of the methodology to allow construction of ROMs based on data generated from ALE simulations.

  13. Abstract Coordinate Transforms in Kinematic Changeable Sets and their Properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ya. I. Grushka

    2015-04-14

    One of the fundamental postulates of the special relativity theory is existence of a single system of universal coordinate transforms for inertial reference frames, that is coordinate transforms, which are uniquely determined by space-time coordinates of a material point. In this paper the abstract mathematical theory of coordinate transforms in kinematic changeable sets is developed. In particular it is proved the formal possibility of existence of kinematics, which do not allow universal coordinate transforms. Such kinematics may be applied for simulation the evolution of physical systems under the condition of hypothesis on existence of particle-dependent velocity of light.

  14. Structural analysis of the equipment removal system for tank 241SY101

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mackey, T.C.

    1995-03-02

    The calculations documented in this report show that the ERS major components are structurally qualified to complete the objective, i.e., to install the removed equipment into a shipping container and transport and store the container at the Central Waste Complex (CWC). The analysis for the structural members of the ERS components considers live load with an impact factor of 125 % added to dead load. An allowable stress of one-third yield is used for all structural components carrying the load based on DOE-RL-92-36. Adherence to DOE-RL-92-36 is not a code requirement. However, the loads considered make this factor of safety appropriate. The calculations meet the strength requirements of the American Institute for Steel Construction (ASIC 1989) for all non-critical structural elements.

  15. Composite structures 4; Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference, Paisley College of Technology, Scotland, July 27-29, 1987. Volume 1 - Analysis and design studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marshall, I.H.

    1987-01-01

    Various papers on analysis and design studies in composite structures are presented. The general topics addressed include: space studies, mechanical fasteners, buckling and postbuckling of platework structures, aerospace structures, wind turbine design, pipes and pressure vessels, analysis and buckling of shell-type structures. Also considered are: structural sections and optimization, thermal loading, vibration of platework structures and shell-type structures, dynamic loading, and finite element analysis.

  16. Kinematics of the southern galaxy cluster Abell 3733

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. M. Solanes; P. Stein

    1998-03-16

    We report radial velocities for 99 galaxies with projected positions within 30 arcmin of the center of the cluster A3733 obtained with the MEFOS multifiber spectrograph at the 3.6-m ESO telescope. These measurements are combined with 39 redshifts previously published by Stein (1996) to built a collection of 112 galaxy redshifts in the field of A3733, which is used to examine the kinematics and structure of this cluster. We assign cluster membership to 74 galaxies with heliocentric velocities in the interval 10500-13000 km/s. From this sample of cluster members, we infer a heliocentric systemic velocity for A3733 of 11653{+74}{-76} km/s, which implies a mean cosmological redshift of 0.0380, and a velocity dispersion of 614{+42}{-30} km/s. The application of statistical substructure tests to a magnitude-limited subset of the latter sample reveals evidence of non-Gaussianity in the distribution of ordered velocities in the form of lighter tails and possible multimodality. Spatial substructure tests do not find, however, any significant clumpiness in the plane of the sky, although the existence of subclustering along the line-of-sight cannot be excluded.

  17. Structural and Energetic Analysis of Activiation by a Cyclic Nucleotide Binding Domain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Altieri,S.; Clayton, G.; Silverman, W.; Olivares, A.; De La Cruz, E.; Thomas, L.; Morais-Cabral, J.

    2008-01-01

    MlotiK1 is a prokaryotic homolog of cyclic-nucleotide-dependent ion channels that contains an intracellular C-terminal cyclic nucleotide binding (CNB) domain. X-ray structures of the CNB domain have been solved in the absence of ligand and bound to cAMP. Both the full-length channel and CNB domain fragment are easily expressed and purified, making MlotiK1 a useful model system for dissecting activation by ligand binding. We have used X-ray crystallography to determine three new MlotiK1 CNB domain structures: a second apo configuration, a cGMP-bound structure, and a second cAMP-bound structure. In combination, the five MlotiK1 CNB domain structures provide a unique opportunity for analyzing, within a single protein, the structural differences between the apo state and the bound state, and the structural variability within each state. With this analysis as a guide, we have probed the nucleotide selectivity and importance of specific residue side chains in ligand binding and channel activation. These data help to identify ligand-protein interactions that are important for ligand dependence in MlotiK1 and, more globally, in the class of nucleotide-dependent proteins.

  18. Beam Based HOM Analysis of Accelerating Structures at the TESLA Test Facility Linac

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wendt, M.; Schreiber, S.; Castro, P.; Gossel, A.; /DESY; Huning, M.; /Fermilab; Devanz, G.; Jablonka, M.; Magne, C.; Napoly, O.; /Saclay; Baboi, N.; /SLAC

    2005-08-09

    The beam emittance in future linear accelerators for high energy physics and SASE-FEL applications depends highly on the field performance in the accelerating structures, i.e. the damping of higher order modes (HOM). Besides theoretical and laboratory analysis, a beam based analysis technique was established [1] at the TESLA Test Facility (TTF) linac. It uses a charge modulated beam of variable modulation frequency to excite dipole modes. This causes a modulation of the transverse beam displacement, which is observed at a downstream BPM and associated with a direct analysis of the modes at the HOM-couplers. A brief introduction of eigenmodes of a resonator and the concept of the wake potential is given. Emphasis is put on beam instrumentation and signal analysis aspects, required for this beam based HOM measurement technique.

  19. Analysis in temporal regime of dispersive invisible structures designed from transformation optics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gralak, B; Avril, B; Diatta, A; Guenneau, S

    2016-01-01

    A simple invisible structure made of two anisotropic layers is analyzed theoretically in temporal regime. The frequency dispersion is introduced and analytic expression of the transient part of the field is derived for large times when the structure is illuminated by a causal excitation. This expression shows that the limiting amplitude principle applies with transient fields decaying as the power -3/4 of the time. The quality of the cloak is then reduced at short times and remains preserved at large times. The one-dimensional theoretical analysis is supplemented with full-wave numerical simulations in two-dimensional situations which confirm the effect of dispersion.

  20. A kinematic model for surface irrigation: An extension 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherman, Bernard; Singh, Vijay P.

    1982-01-01

    The kinematic model for surface irrigation, reported previously by Sherman and Singh (1978), is extended. Depending upon the duration of irrigation and time variability of infiltration, three cases are distinguished. Explicit solutions are obtained...

  1. Topography of the salar de Uyuni, Bolivia from kinematic GPS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borsa, Adrian A.; Fricker, Helen A.; Bills, Bruce G.; Minster, Jean-Bernard; Carabajal, Claudia C.; Quinn, Katherine J.

    2008-01-01

    data. Figure 6. SRTM topography of the salar de Uyuni onTopography of the salar de Uyuni, Bolivia from kinematic GPSUSA Abbreviated title: Topography of the salar de Uyuni,

  2. Computations via experiments with kinematic E.J. Beggs2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    Computations via experiments with kinematic systems1 E.J. Beggs2 and J.V. Tucker3 University Science, University of Wales Swansea, March 2004. 2 Department of Mathematics. Email: e.j.beggs

  3. Kinematical versus Dynamical Contractions of the de Sitter Lie algebras

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joachim Nzotungicimpaye

    2015-07-13

    We explicit and clarify better the contraction method that Bacry and Levy-Leblond\\cite{jmll} used to link all the kinematical Lie groups. Firstly, we use the kinematical parameters: the speed $c$ of light, the radius $r$ of the universe and the period $\\tau$ of the universe constrained by $r=c\\tau$. Secondly, we use the dynamical parameters that are mass $m$, energy $E_0$ and compliance $C$. The kinematical and the dynamical parameters are related by the three relations $c^2=\\frac{E_0}{m}$, $\\tau^2=mC$ and $r^2=CE_0$. For each kinematical Lie algebra, we express the associated physical quantities in function of these dynamical parameters.

  4. A kinematic coupling based 6 degrees of freedom dynamometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moreu Gamazo, Jaime

    2009-01-01

    A new 6-degree of freedom dynamometer is presented. Six load cells measure the normal forces at the contact points of a three groove kinematic coupling. Three toggle clamps are used to preload the machine, so that it does ...

  5. Fault Block Kinematics at a Releasing Stepover of the Eastern...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Nascent Metamorphic Core Complex Citation Christopher J. Pluhar,Robert S. Coe,Jonathan C. Lewis,Francis C. Monastero,Jonathan M.G. Glen. 2006. Fault Block Kinematics at a Releasing...

  6. The Kinematic Signature of Face-On Peanut-Shaped Bulges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victor P. Debattista; C. Marcella Carollo; Lucio Mayer; Ben Moore

    2005-04-24

    We present a kinematic diagnostic for peanut-shaped bulges in nearly face-on galaxies. The face-on view provides a novel perspective on peanuts which would allow study of their relation to bars and disks in greater detail than hitherto possible. The diagnostic is based on the fact that peanut shapes are associated with a flat density distribution in the vertical direction. We show that the kinematic signature corresponding to such a distribution is a minimum in the fourth-order Gauss-Hermite moment $s_4$. We demonstrate our method on $N$-body simulations of varying peanut strength, showing that strong peanuts can be recognized to inclinations $i \\simeq 30\\degrees$, regardless of the strength of the bar. We also consider compound systems in which a bulge is present in the initial conditions as may happen if bulges form at high redshift through mergers. We show that in this case, because the vertical structure of the bulge is not derived from that of the disk, that the signature of a peanut in $s_4$ is weakened. Thus the same kinematic signature of peanuts can be used to explore bulge formation mechanisms. The observational requirements for identifying peanuts with this method are challenging, but feasible.

  7. Calibration of a Parallel Robot Using Multiple Kinematic Closed Ali Nahvi, John M. Hollerbach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hollerbach, John M.

    ,he shoulder joint 2 Mechanism Kinematics The kinematic model is shown in Figure 2. A, (i=1,2,3,4) representsCalibration of a Parallel Robot Using Multiple Kinematic Closed Loops Ali Nahvi, John M. Hollerbach be kinematically calibrated using joint an- gle readings alone [l . By placement of the closed dit

  8. Structure of CPV17 polyhedrin determined by the improved analysis of serial femtosecond crystallographic data

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ginn, Helen M.; Messerschmidt, Marc; Ji, Xiaoyun; Zhang, Hanwen; Axford, Danny; Gildea, Richard J.; Winter, Graeme; Brewster, Aaron S.; Hattne, Johan; Wagner, Armin; et al

    2015-03-09

    The X-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) allows the analysis of small weakly diffracting protein crystals, but has required very many crystals to obtain good data. Here we use an XFEL to determine the room temperature atomic structure for the smallest cytoplasmic polyhedrosis virus polyhedra yet characterized, which we failed to solve at a synchrotron. These protein microcrystals, roughly a micron across, accrue within infected cells. We use a new physical model for XFEL diffraction, which better estimates the experimental signal, delivering a high-resolution XFEL structure (1.75 Å), using fewer crystals than previously required for this resolution. The crystal lattice and proteinmore »core are conserved compared with a ?polyhedrin with less than 10% sequence identity. We explain how the conserved biological phenotype, the crystal lattice, is maintained in the face of extreme environmental challenge and massive evolutionary divergence. Our improved methods should open up more challenging biological samples to XFEL analysis.« less

  9. RC structures strengthened by metal shear panels: experimental and numerical analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De Matteis, G. [Dept. of Design, Rehabilitation and Control of Architectural Structures, University of Chieti-Pescara 'G. D'Annunzio', V.le Pindaro, 42-65127 Pescara (Italy); Formisano, A.; Mazzolani, F. M. [Dept. of Structural Engineering University of Naples 'Federico II', P.le Tecchio, 80-80125 Naples (Italy)

    2008-07-08

    Metal shear panels (MSPs) may be effectively used as a lateral load resisting system for framed structures. In the present paper, such a technique is applied for the seismic protection of existing RC buildings, by setting up a specific design procedure, which has been developed on the basis of preliminary full-scale experimental tests. The obtained results allowed the development of both simplified and advanced numerical models of both the upgraded structure and the applied shear panels. Also, the proposed design methodology, which is framed in the performance base design philosophy, has been implemented for the structural upgrading of a real Greek existing multi-storey RC building. The results of the numerical analysis confirmed the effectiveness of the proposed technique, also emphasising the efficiency of the implemented design methodology.

  10. Structural Analysis of a Highly Glycosylated and Unliganded gp120-Based Antigen Using Mass Spectrometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    L Wang; Y Qin; S Ilchenko; J Bohon; W Shi; M Cho; K Takamoto; M Chance

    2011-12-31

    Structural characterization of the HIV-1 envelope protein gp120 is very important for providing an understanding of the protein's immunogenicity and its binding to cell receptors. So far, the crystallographic structure of gp120 with an intact V3 loop (in the absence of a CD4 coreceptor or antibody) has not been determined. The third variable region (V3) of the gp120 is immunodominant and contains glycosylation signatures that are essential for coreceptor binding and entry of the virus into T-cells. In this study, we characterized the structure of the outer domain of gp120 with an intact V3 loop (gp120-OD8) purified from Drosophila S2 cells utilizing mass spectrometry-based approaches. We mapped the glycosylation sites and calculated the glycosylation occupancy of gp120-OD8; 11 sites from 15 glycosylation motifs were determined as having high-mannose or hybrid glycosylation structures. The specific glycan moieties of nine glycosylation sites from eight unique glycopeptides were determined by a combination of ECD and CID MS approaches. Hydroxyl radical-mediated protein footprinting coupled with mass spectrometry analysis was employed to provide detailed information about protein structure of gp120-OD8 by directly identifying accessible and hydroxyl radical-reactive side chain residues. Comparison of gp120-OD8 experimental footprinting data with a homology model derived from the ligated CD4-gp120-OD8 crystal structure revealed a flexible V3 loop structure in which the V3 tip may provide contacts with the rest of the protein while residues in the V3 base remain solvent accessible. In addition, the data illustrate interactions between specific sugar moieties and amino acid side chains potentially important to the gp120-OD8 structure.

  11. Synthesis and analysis of parallel Kinematic XY flexure mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awtar, Shorya, 1977-

    2004-01-01

    This thesis presents a family of XY flexure mechanisms with large ranges of motion, first-order decoupled degrees of freedom, and small parasitic error motions. Synthesis is based on an systematic and symmetric layout of ...

  12. Kinematic analysis of complex gear mechanisms Julie Penaud, Daniel Alazard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mailhes, Corinne

    of a complex system, as a MGB, can generate an harmonic disturbance at a precise angular frequency to com- pute the rotational speed ratios of all the links and the frequency of all the contacts component in a signal when its frequency is well-known [3]. So, to create the dy- namic Kalman model, a very

  13. Geosynthetics and Geosynthetic-Engineered Soil Structures, Symposium sponsored by the ASCE Engineering Mechanics Division, honoring Prof. R.M. Koerner, McMat 2005, Baton Rouge, Louisiana June 2, 2005.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalowski, Radoslaw L.

    to construction over weak soils. Application of the kinematic approach of limit analysis to reinforced soil and tensile rupture. The framework of the kinematic approach of limit analysis was used to arrive at the limit or retaining walls. The kinematic approach of limit analysis as applied to reinforced soil is reviewed in 1

  14. Gould Belt Kinematics on the Base of the Open Clusters and Ob-Associations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vadim V. Bobylev; Anisa T. Bajkova

    2006-08-12

    The kinematic parameters of the Gould Belt are redetermined using modern data on the motion of nearby young ($\\log tBelt centre: $l_\\circ=128^\\circ$ and $R_\\circ=150$ pc. It is shown that the whole structure of the Gould Belt is moving relative to the local standard of rest with a velocity of $10.7\\pm0.7$ km s$^{-1}$ in the direction towards $l=274\\pm4^\\circ$, $b=-1\\pm3^\\circ$. Using the rotation velocity, we obtained the virial estimation of the Gould Belt mass as $1.5\\times 10^6 M_\\odot$.

  15. Time series analysis and feature extraction techniques for structural health monitoring applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Overbey, Lucas A.

    2008-01-01

    rd Int’l Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring, StanfordExcitation for Structural Health Monitoring, Smart MaterialsExtraction in Structural Health Monitoring. Structural

  16. Memory Efficient Sequence Analysis Using Compressed Data Structures (Metagenomics Informatics Challenges Workshop: 10K Genomes at a Time)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Simpson, Jared [Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute

    2013-01-22

    Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute's Jared Simpson on "Memory efficient sequence analysis using compressed data structures" at the Metagenomics Informatics Challenges Workshop held at the DOE JGI on October 12-13, 2011

  17. The supergiant shell with triggered star formation in Irr galaxy IC 2574: neutral and ionized gas kinematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Egorov, O V; Moiseev, A V; Smirnov-Pinchukov, G V

    2014-01-01

    We analyse the ionized gas kinematics in the star formation regions of the supergiant shell (SGS) of the IC 2574 galaxy using observations with the Fabry-Perot interferometer at the 6-m telescope of SAO RAS; the data of the THINGS survey are used to analyze the neutral gas kinematics in the area. We perform the 'derotation' of the H-alpha and HI data cubes and show its efficiency in kinematics analysis. We confirm the SGS expansion velocity 25 km/s obtained by Walter & Brinks (1999) and conclude that the SGS is located at the far side of the galactic disc plane. We determine the expansion velocities, kinematic ages, and the required mechanical energy input rates for four star formation complexes in the walls of the SGS; for the remaining ones we give the limiting values of the above parameters. A comparison with the age and energy input of the complexes' stellar population shows that sufficient energy is fed to all HII regions except one. We discuss in detail the possible nature of this region and that of...

  18. Kinematic quantities of finite elastic and plastic deformation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Fülöp; P. Ván

    2012-03-05

    Kinematic quantities for finite elastic and plastic deformations are defined via an approach that does not rely on auxiliary elements like reference frame and reference configuration, and that gives account of the inertial-noninertial aspects explicitly. These features are achieved by working on Galilean spacetime directly. The quantity expressing elastic deformations is introduced according to its expected role: to measure how different the current metric is from the relaxed/stressless metric. Further, the plastic kinematic quantity is the change rate of the stressless metric. The properties of both are analyzed, and their relationship to frequently used elastic and plastic kinematic quantities is discussed. One important result is that no objective elastic or plastic quantities can be defined from deformation gradient.

  19. Massless scattering at special kinematics as Jacobi polynomials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chrysostomos Kalousios

    2014-12-17

    We study the scattering equations recently proposed by Cachazo, He and Yuan in the special kinematics where their solutions can be identified with the zeros of the Jacobi polynomials. This allows for a non-trivial two parameter family of kinematics. We present explicit and compact formulae for the n-gluon and n-graviton partial scattering amplitudes for our special kinematics in terms of Jacobi polynomials. We also provide alternative expressions in terms of gamma functions. We give an interpretation of the common reduced determinant appearing in the amplitudes as the product of the squares of the eigenfrequencies of small oscillations of a system whose equilibrium is the solutions of the scattering equations.

  20. Kinematic and Dynamic Analyses of the Orthoglide 5-axis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ur-Rehman, Raza; Chablat, Damien; Wenger, Philippe

    2008-01-01

    This paper deals with the kinematic and dynamic analyses of the Orthoglide 5-axis, a five-degree-of-freedom manipulator. It is derived from two manipulators: i) the Orthoglide 3-axis; a three dof translational manipulator and ii) the Agile eye; a parallel spherical wrist. First, the kinematic and dynamic models of the Orthoglide 5-axis are developed. The geometric and inertial parameters of the manipulator are determined by means of a CAD software. Then, the required motors performances are evaluated for some test trajectories. Finally, the motors are selected in the catalogue from the previous results.

  1. Sutherland, Wind Energy 2001, ASME/AIAA AIAA-2001-0041 PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS OF THE STRUCTURAL AND INFLOW DATA FROM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sutherland, Wind Energy 2001, ASME/AIAA AIAA-2001-0041 PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS OF THE STRUCTURAL-term, continuous inflow and structural response data to characterize the extreme loads on wind turbines. A heavily series. This turbine is located in Bushland, TX, a test site that exposes the turbine to a wind regime

  2. Closed-Form Solution to the Position Analysis of Watt-Baranov Trusses Using the Bilateration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    loops of the mechanism. The use of kinematic loops to this end has seldom been questioned de- spite the circular concatenation of the Watt mechanism irrespective of the re- sulting number of kinematic loops trusses, Assur kinematic chains, posi- tion analysis, bilateration, distance-based formulations. 1

  3. Dynamical Energy Analysis - determining wave energy distributions in complex vibro-acoustical structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gregor Tanner

    2008-03-12

    We propose a new approach towards determining the distribution of mechanical and acoustic wave energy in complex built-up structures. The technique interpolates between standard Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA) and full ray tracing containing both these methods as limiting case. By writing the flow of ray trajectories in terms of linear phase space operators, it is suggested here to reformulate ray-tracing algorithms in terms of boundary operators containing only short ray segments. SEA can now be identified as a low resolution ray tracing algorithm and typical SEA assumptions can be quantified in terms of the properties of the ray dynamics. The new technique presented here enhances the range of applicability of standard SEA considerably by systematically incorporating dynamical correlations wherever necessary. Some of the inefficiencies inherent in typical ray tracing methods can be avoided using only a limited amount of the geometrical ray information. The new dynamical theory - Dynamical Energy Analysis (DEA) - thus provides a universal approach towards determining wave energy distributions in complex structures.

  4. A Detailed Kinematic Map of Cassiopeia A's Optical Main Shell and Outer High-Velocity Ejecta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milisavljevic, Dan

    2013-01-01

    We present three-dimensional kinematic reconstructions of optically emitting material in the young Galactic supernova remnant Cassiopeia A (Cas A). These Doppler maps have the highest spectral and spatial resolutions of any previous survey of Cas A and represent the most complete catalog of its optically emitting material to date. We confirm that the bulk of Cas A's optically bright ejecta populate a torus-like geometry tilted approximately 30 degrees with respect to the plane of the sky with a -4000 to +6000 km/s radial velocity asymmetry. Near-tangent viewing angle effects and an inhomogeneous surrounding CSM/ISM environment suggest that this geometry and velocity asymmetry may not be faithfully representative of the remnant's true 3D structure or the kinematic properties of the original explosion. The majority of the optical ejecta are arranged in several well-defined and nearly circular ring-like structures with diameters between approximately 30 arcsec (0.5 pc) and 2 arcmin (2 pc). These ejecta rings app...

  5. Origin and kinematics of the eruptive flow from XZ Tau revealed by ALMA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zapata, Luis A; Carrasco-Gonzalez, Carlos; Curiel, Salvador; Palau, Aina; Rodriguez, Luis F; Kurtz, Stan E; Tafoya, Daniel; Loinard, Laurent

    2015-01-01

    We present high angular resolution ($\\sim$0.94$"$) $^{12}$CO(1-0) Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array (ALMA) observations obtained during the 2014 long baseline campaign from the eruptive bipolar flow from the multiple XZ Tau stellar system discovered by the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). These observations reveal, for the first time, the kinematics of the molecular flow. The kinematics of the different ejections close to XZ Tau reveal a rotating and expanding structure with a southeast-northwest velocity gradient. The youngest eruptive bubbles unveiled in the optical HST images are inside of this molecular expanding structure. Additionally, we report a very compact and collimated bipolar outflow emanating from XZ Tau A, which indicates that the eruptive outflow is indeed originating from this object. The mass (3 $\\times$ 10$^{-7}$ $M_\\odot$) and energetics (E$_{kin}$ $=$ 3 $\\times$ 10$^{37}$ ergs) for the collimated outflow are comparable with those found in molecular outflows associated with young b...

  6. Spatially extended K I 7699 emission in the nebula of VY CMa: Kinematics and geometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nathan Smith

    2004-02-13

    Long-slit echelle spectra reveal bright extended emission from the K I lambda7699 resonance line in the reflection nebula surrounding the extreme red supergiant VY Canis Majoris. The central star has long been known for its unusually-bright K I emission lines, but this is the first report of intrinsic emission from K I in the nebula. The extended emission is not just a reflected spectrum of the star, but is due to resonant scattering by K atoms in the outer nebula itself, and is therefore a valuable probe of the kinematics and geometry of VY CMa's circumstellar environment. Dramatic velocity structure is seen in the long-slit spectra, and most lines of sight intersect multiple distinct velocity components. A faint ``halo'' at large distances from the star does appear to show a reflected spectrum, however, and suggests a systemic velocity of +40 km/s with respect to the Sun. The most striking feature is blueshifted emission from the filled interior of a large shell seen in images; the kinematic structure is reminiscent of a Hubble flow, and provides strong evidence for asymmetric and episodic mass loss due to localized eruptions on the star's surface.

  7. A Visual Analytics Approach to Structured Data Analysis to Enhance Nonproliferation and Arms Control Verification Activities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gillen, David S.

    2014-08-07

    Analysis activities for Nonproliferation and Arms Control verification require the use of many types of data. Tabular structured data, such as Excel spreadsheets and relational databases, have traditionally been used for data mining activities, where specific queries are issued against data to look for matching results. The application of visual analytics tools to structured data enables further exploration of datasets to promote discovery of previously unknown results. This paper discusses the application of a specific visual analytics tool to datasets related to the field of Arms Control and Nonproliferation to promote the use of visual analytics more broadly in this domain. Visual analytics focuses on analytical reasoning facilitated by interactive visual interfaces (Wong and Thomas 2004). It promotes exploratory analysis of data, and complements data mining technologies where known patterns can be mined for. Also with a human in the loop, they can bring in domain knowledge and subject matter expertise. Visual analytics has not widely been applied to this domain. In this paper, we will focus on one type of data: structured data, and show the results of applying a specific visual analytics tool to answer questions in the Arms Control and Nonproliferation domain. We chose to use the T.Rex tool, a visual analytics tool developed at PNNL, which uses a variety of visual exploration patterns to discover relationships in structured datasets, including a facet view, graph view, matrix view, and timeline view. The facet view enables discovery of relationships between categorical information, such as countries and locations. The graph tool visualizes node-link relationship patterns, such as the flow of materials being shipped between parties. The matrix visualization shows highly correlated categories of information. The timeline view shows temporal patterns in data. In this paper, we will use T.Rex with two different datasets to demonstrate how interactive exploration of the data can aid an analyst with arms control and nonproliferation verification activities. Using a dataset from PIERS (PIERS 2014), we will show how container shipment imports and exports can aid an analyst in understanding the shipping patterns between two countries. We will also use T.Rex to examine a collection of research publications from the IAEA International Nuclear Information System (IAEA 2014) to discover collaborations of concern. We hope this paper will encourage the use of visual analytics structured data analytics in the field of nonproliferation and arms control verification. Our paper outlines some of the challenges that exist before broad adoption of these kinds of tools can occur and offers next steps to overcome these challenges.

  8. Structural Analysis of a Ternary Complex of Allantoate Amidohydrolase from Escherichia Coli Reveals its Mechanics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agarwal,R.; Burley, S.; Swaminathan, S.

    2007-01-01

    Purine metabolism plays a major role in regulating the availability of purine nucleotides destined for nucleic acid synthesis. Allantoate amidohydrolase catalyzes the conversion of allantoate to (S)-ureidoglycolate, one of the crucial alternate steps in purine metabolism. The crystal structure of a ternary complex of allantoate amidohydrolase with its substrate allantoate and an allosteric effector, a sulfate ion, from Escherichia coli was determined to understand better the catalytic mechanism and substrate specificity. The 2.25 {angstrom} resolution X-ray structure reveals an {alpha}/{beta} scaffold akin to zinc exopeptidases of the peptidase M20 family and lacks the ({beta}/{alpha}){sub 8}-barrel fold characteristic of the amidohydrolases. Arrangement of the substrate and the two co-catalytic zinc ions at the active site governs catalytic specificity for hydrolysis of N-carbamyl versus the peptide bond in exopeptidases. In its crystalline form, allantoate amidohydrolase adopts a relatively open conformation. However, structural analysis reveals the possibility of a significant movement of domains via rotation about two hinge regions upon allosteric effector and substrate binding resulting in a closed catalytically competent conformation by bringing the substrate allantoate closer to co-catalytic zinc ions. Two cis-prolyl peptide bonds found on either side of the dimerization domain in close proximity to the substrate and ligand-binding sites may be involved in protein folding and in preserving the integrity of the catalytic site.

  9. Time series analysis and feature extraction techniques for structural health monitoring applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Overbey, Lucas A.

    2008-01-01

    Polymer Composite Bridge, Proc. SPIE Smart Structures andused for Bridge Diagnostics, Proc. SPIE Smart Structures andTechnology Bridge Project, Proc. SPIE Smart Structures and

  10. High-Fidelity Lagrangian Coherent Structures Analysis and DNS with Discontinuous-Galerkin Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Daniel Alan Wendell

    2015-01-01

    vi Lagrangian Coherent Structures with High-OrderCoherent Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.3 FutureThree-Dimensional Lagrangian Coher- ent Structures with DG-

  11. A structural analysis of natural gas consumption by income class from 1987 to 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poyer, D.A.

    1996-12-01

    This study had two major objectives: (1) assess and compare changes in natural gas consumption between 1987 and 1993 by income group and (2) assess the potential influence of energy policy on observed changes in natural gas consumption over time and across income groups. This analysis used U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) data files and involved both the generation of simple descriptive statistics and the use of multivariate regression analysis. The consumption of natural gas by the groups was studied over a six-year period. The results showed that: (1) natural gas use was substantially higher for the highest income group than for the two lower income groups and (2) natural gas consumption declined for the lowest and middle income quintiles and increased for the highest income quintile between 1987 and 1990; between 1990 and 1993, consumption increased for the lowest and middle income quintile, but remained relatively constant for the highest income quintile. The relative importance of the structural and variable factors in explaining consumption changes between survey periods varies by income group. The analysis provides two major energy policy implications: (1) natural gas intensity has been the highest for the lowest income group, indicating that this group is more vulnerable to sudden changes in demand-indicator variables, in particular weather-related variables, than increase natural gas consumption, and (2) the fall in natural gas intensity between 1987 and 1993 may indicate that energy policy has had some impact on reducing natural gas consumption. 11 refs., 4 figs., 16 tabs.

  12. Design of human-like posture prediction for inverse kinematic posture control of a humanoid robot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomann, Derik (Derik S.)

    2005-01-01

    A method and system has been developed to solve the kinematic redundancy for a humanoid redundant manipulator based on forward kinematic equation and the optimization of human-like constraints. The Multiple Objective ...

  13. Investigation of Deterioration Behavior of Hysteretic Loops in Nonlinear Static Procedure Analysis of Concrete Structures with Shear Walls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ghodrati Amiri, G. [Center of Excellence for Fundamental Studies in Structural Engineering, College of Civil Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Narmak, Tehran 16846 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Amidi, S. [College of Civil Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Khorasani, M. [College of Civil Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2008-07-08

    In the recent years, scientists developed the seismic rehabilitation of structures and their view points were changed from sufficient strength to the performance of structures (Performance Base Design) to prepare a safe design. Nonlinear Static Procedure analysis (NSP) or pushover analysis is a new method that is chosen for its speed and simplicity in calculations. 'Seismic Rehabilitation Code for Existing Buildings' and FEMA 356 considered this method. Result of this analysis is a target displacement that is the base of the performance and rehabilitation procedure of the structures. Exact recognition of that displacement could develop the workability of pushover analysis. In these days, Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis (NDP) is only method can exactly apply the seismic ground motions. In this case because it consumes time, costs very high and is more difficult than other methods, is not applicable as much as NSP. A coefficient used in NSP for determining the target displacement is C2 (Stiffness and Strength Degradations Coefficient) and is applicable for correcting the errors due to eliminating the stiffness and strength degradations in hysteretic loops. In this study it has been tried to analysis three concrete frames with shear walls by several accelerations that scaled according to FEMA 273 and FEMA 356. These structures were designed with Iranian 2800 standard (vers.3). Finally after the analyzing by pushover method and comparison results with dynamic analysis, calculated C2 was comprised with values in rehabilitation codes.

  14. Cosmogony of Generic Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Buchert

    1994-12-19

    The problem of formation of generic structures in the Universe is addressed, whereby first the kinematics of inertial continua for coherent initial data is considered. The generalization to self--gravitating continua is outlined focused on the classification problem of singularities and metamorphoses arising in the density field. Self--gravity gives rise to an internal hierarchy of structures, and, dropping the assumption of coherence, also to an external hierarchy of structures dependent on the initial power spectrum of fluctuations.

  15. On Implicitization of Kinematic Constraint Equations Dominic R. Walter and Manfred L. Husty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nawratil, Georg

    in the computation of direct and inverse kinematics of mechanisms as well as the ex- planation of strange of mechanism constraints have been very successful in solving the most challenging problems in kinematics. SoOn Implicitization of Kinematic Constraint Equations Dominic R. Walter and Manfred L. Husty

  16. On the Computation of the Direct Kinematics of Parallel Spherical Mechanisms Using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    On the Computation of the Direct Kinematics of Parallel Spherical Mechanisms Using Bernstein Solving the direct kinematics of parallel spherical mechanisms with l legs boils down to solving systems the direct kinematics of these mechanisms that takes ad- vantage of the subdivision and convex hull

  17. Kinematic Reduction and Planning using Symmetry for a Variable Inertia Mechanical System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mason, Matthew T.

    Kinematic Reduction and Planning using Symmetry for a Variable Inertia Mechanical System Ravi present controllability results and kinematic reduction for a variable inertia mechanical system. We show conservation to develop a kinematic representation of the mechanical system. We also show through simulation

  18. Successive Sinusoidal Motions of Open Kinematic Chains for Transportation of Mobile Self-Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borissova, Daniela

    , and integrated mechanisms, which could be considered for our purpose as one link of a long kinematic chain. a b c of the kinematic chains are identical and are also on the same axes. Now, let us examine a mechanism of two links1 9 Successive Sinusoidal Motions of Open Kinematic Chains for Transportation of Mobile Self

  19. DIFFERENTIAL EMISSION MEASURE ANALYSIS OF MULTIPLE STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS OF CORONAL MASS EJECTIONS IN THE INNER CORONA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheng, X.; Ding, M. D. [School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Zhang, J. [School of Physics, Astronomy and Computational Sciences, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030 (United States); Saar, S. H., E-mail: xincheng@nju.edu.cn, E-mail: jzhang7@gmu.edu [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

    2012-12-10

    In this paper, we study the temperature and density properties of multiple structural components of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) using differential emission measure (DEM) analysis. The DEM analysis is based on the six-passband EUV observations of solar corona from the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly on board the Solar Dynamic Observatory. The structural components studied include the hot channel in the core region (presumably the magnetic flux rope of the CME), the bright loop-like leading front (LF), and coronal dimming in the wake of the CME. We find that the presumed flux rope has the highest average temperature (>8 MK) and density ({approx}1.0 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 9} cm{sup -3}), resulting in an enhanced emission measure over a broad temperature range (3 {<=} T(MK) {<=} 20). On the other hand, the CME LF has a relatively cool temperature ({approx}2 MK) and a narrow temperature distribution similar to the pre-eruption coronal temperature (1 {<=} T(MK) {<=} 3). The density in the LF, however, is increased by 2%-32% compared with that of the pre-eruption corona, depending on the event and location. In coronal dimmings, the temperature is more broadly distributed (1 {<=} T(MK) {<=} 4), but the density decreases by {approx}35%-{approx}40%. These observational results show that: (1) CME core regions are significantly heated, presumably through magnetic reconnection; (2) CME LFs are a consequence of compression of ambient plasma caused by the expansion of the CME core region; and (3) the dimmings are largely caused by the plasma rarefaction associated with the eruption.

  20. Analysis of ABCB phosphoglycoproteins (PGPs) and their contribution to monocot biomass, structural stability, and productivity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murphy, Angus Stuart [Purdue University

    2014-09-23

    Efforts to manipulate production of plant secondary cell walls to improve the quality of biofuel feedstocks are currently limited by an inability to regulate the transport of small molecule components out of the cell. Plant ABCB p-glycoproteins are a small family of plasma membrane organic molecule transporters that have become primary targets for this effort, as they can potentially be harnessed to control the export of aromatic compounds and organic acids. However, unlike promiscuous mammalian ABCBs that function in multidrug resistance, all plant ABCB proteins characterized to date exhibit relatively narrow substrate specificity. Although ABCBs exhibit a highly conserved architecture, efforts to modify ABCB activity have been hampered by a lack of structural information largely because an eukaryotic ABCB protein crystal structure has yet to be obtained. Structure/ function analyses have been further impeded by the lack of a common heterologous expression system that can be used to characterize recombinant ABCB proteins, as many cannot be functionally expressed in S. cereviseae or other systems where proteins with analogous function can be readily knocked out. Using experimentally-determined plant ABCB substrate affinities and the crystal structure of the bacterial Sav1866 “half” ABC transporter, we have developed sequence/structure models for ABCBs that provide a testable context for mutational analysis of plant ABCB transporters. We have also developed a flexible heterologous expression system in Schizosaccharomyces pombe in which all endogenous ABC transporters have been knocked out. The effectiveness of this system for transport studies has been demonstrated by the successful functional expression all of the known PIN, AUX/LAX and ABCB auxin transporters. Our central hypothesis is that the domains of the ABCB proteins that we have identified as substrate docking sites and regulators of transport directionality can be altered or swapped to alter the transport characteristics of the proteins. We propose to combine computer modelling, mutational analyses, and complementation of well characterized Arabidopsis abcb4,14,and 19 mutants to elucidate ABCB function. The long term objective of this project is to enhance ABCB transport of cell wall components, to manipulate the direction of ABCB substrate transport, and, ultimately, to produce “designer” ABC transporters that can be used to modify plant feedstock quality.

  1. Modeling, Analysis, and Preservation Techniques for Historic Reinforced Concrete Structures in Seismic Prone Regions Case Study: Augusta Airship Hangar, Sicily

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cronin, Kelly; Whyte, Catherine [University of California at Berkeley, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 760 Davis Hall (United States); Reiner, Tom [Graduate Engineer, Buro Happold Consulting Engineers, Inc., 9601 Jefferson Blvd., Suite B, Culver City, CA 90232 (United States)

    2008-07-08

    Throughout the world there are hundreds of historic monuments and structures considered to be invaluable and irreplaceable. They are symbols of cultural identity and a means of educating people about history. Preservation of historic monuments and structures is therefore an important part of safeguarding these cultural heritage sites so that they retain their value for future generations.This report discusses a procedure for the investigation of seismic hazards in existing buildings and possible steps that can be taken to avoid damage caused by these hazards. The Augusta Airship Hangar located in Sicily, will be used as a case study however the topics addressed in this paper can be applied to other structures of historic value around the world.First state-of-the-art scanning procedures were used to create scale digital models that were imported into a structural analysis program. Within this program dynamic analyses were performed on the model based on actual ground motions taken close to the site. This data was used to determine the period and mode shapes of the structure. Then a nonlinear analysis, including a static pushover analysis, was implemented on a two-dimensional model of the structural frame. From this analysis the failure mechanisms of the structure were revealed with relation to an allowable roof displacement. The structural integrity of the structure was evaluated based on pre-defined performance goals. Finally multiple suggestions were made how the Augusta Airship Hangar might be repaired and strengthened so that this structure will not be destroyed should an earthquake occur.The results of our study show that historic structures, despite their age, can still be strong and ductile. Also there are a multitude of effective preservation and retrofit techniques that can be used to strengthen these historic structures, should an earthquake occur. Through this study, the Augusta Airship Hangar has proven to be not only a historic symbol for Sicily but also can be used as an example for the rehabilitation of other historic structures. The techniques and processes discussed in this paper can be applied to other historic reinforced concrete structures and can be expanded upon in future investigations.

  2. Structure analysis reveals the flexibility of the ADAMTS-5 active site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shieh, Huey-Sheng; Tomasselli, Alfredo G.; Mathis, Karl J.; Schnute, Mark E.; Woodard, Scott S.; Caspers, Nicole; Williams, Jennifer M.; Kiefer, James R.; Munie, Grace; Wittwer, Arthur; Malfait, Anne-Marie; Tortorella, Micky D.

    2012-03-02

    A ((1S,2R)-2-hydroxy-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-yl) succinamide derivative (here referred to as Compound 12) shows significant activity toward many matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), including MMP-2, MMP-8, MMP-9, and MMP-13. Modeling studies had predicted that this compound would not bind to ADAMTS-5 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs-5) due to its shallow S1' pocket. However, inhibition analysis revealed it to be a nanomolar inhibitor of both ADAMTS-4 and -5. The observed inconsistency was explained by analysis of crystallographic structures, which showed that Compound 12 in complex with the catalytic domain of ADAMTS-5 (cataTS5) exhibits an unusual conformation in the S1' pocket of the protein. This first demonstration that cataTS5 can undergo an induced conformational change in its active site pocket by a molecule like Compound 12 should enable the design of new aggrecanase inhibitors with better potency and selectivity profiles.

  3. The Kinematic Signature of Face-On Peanut-Shaped Bulges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Debattista, V P; Mayer, L; Moore, B; Debattista, Victor P.; Mayer, Lucio

    2005-01-01

    We present a kinematic diagnostic for peanut-shaped bulges in nearly face-on galaxies. The face-on view provides a novel perspective on peanuts which would allow study of their relation to bars and disks in greater detail than hitherto possible. The diagnostic is based on the fact that peanut shapes are associated with a flat density distribution in the vertical direction. We show that the kinematic signature corresponding to such a distribution is a minimum in the fourth-order Gauss-Hermite moment $s_4$. We demonstrate our method on $N$-body simulations of varying peanut strength, showing that strong peanuts can be recognized to inclinations $i \\simeq 30\\degrees$, regardless of the strength of the bar. We also consider compound systems in which a bulge is present in the initial conditions as may happen if bulges form at high redshift through mergers. We show that in this case, because the vertical structure of the bulge is not derived from that of the disk, that the signature of a peanut in $s_4$ is weakened...

  4. VIBRATION-BASED HEALTH MONITORING APPROACH FOR COMPOSITE STRUCTURES USING MULTIVARIATE STATISTICAL ANALYSIS.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    VIBRATION-BASED HEALTH MONITORING APPROACH FOR COMPOSITE STRUCTURES USING MULTIVARIATE STATISTICAL makes Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) a must for such materials and structures. The development of a proper structural health monitoring system has a crucial importance for such structures because

  5. An analysis of crystal structure of selected rare earth fluorides by means of electron diffraction and transmission 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barr, Dennis Brannon

    1967-01-01

    AN ANALYSIS OF CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF SELECTED RARE EARTH FLUORIDES BY MEANS OF ELECTRON DIFFRACTION AND TRANSMISSION A Thesis by DENNIS BRANNON BARR Submitted to the Graduate College of the T e~a s All M Univ e r s ity in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1967 Major Subject: Physics AN ANALYSIS OF CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF SELECTED RARE EARTH FLUORIDES BY MEANS OF ELECTRON DIFFRACTION AND TRANSMISSION A Thesis by DENNIS BRANNON BARR Approved...

  6. The Broad Line Region of AGN: Kinematics and Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. C. Popovic

    2006-12-23

    In this paper a discussion of kinematics and physics of the Broad Line Region (BLR) is given. The possible physical conditions in the BLR and problems in determination of the physical parameters (electron temperature and density) are considered. Moreover, one analyses the geometry of the BLR and the probability that (at least) a fraction of the radiation in the Broad Emission Lines (BELs) originates from a relativistic accretion disk.

  7. Production of Radioactive Nuclides in Inverse Reaction Kinematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Traykov; A. Rogachevskiy; U. Dammalapati; P. Dendooven; O. C. Dermois; K. Jungmann; C. J. G. Onderwater; M. Sohani; L. Willmann; H. W. Wilschut; A. R. Young

    2006-08-08

    Efficient production of short-lived radioactive isotopes in inverse reaction kinematics is an important technique for various applications. It is particularly interesting when the isotope of interest is only a few nucleons away from a stable isotope. In this article production via charge exchange and stripping reactions in combination with a magnetic separator is explored. The relation between the separator transmission efficiency, the production yield, and the choice of beam energy is discussed. The results of some exploratory experiments will be presented.

  8. LINEAR STABILITY ANALYSIS AND VALIDATION OF A UNIFIED SOLUTION METHOD FOR FLUID-STRUCTURE-INTERACTION ON STRUCTURAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

    . In this paper, 2 time marching and one spatial discretisation scheme, widely used for fluids' equations are applied to a transient structural problem (beam bending) and the results compare favorably with available Hz frequency h m height I - unit tensor K Pa bulk modulus L m length F - fluid p Pa pressure

  9. An Analysis of Relational Storage Strategies for Partially Structured Yasser Abdel Kader1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North, Siobhán

    . EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Our hypothesis was - For the class of partially- structured XML documents, i.e. containing, 2001). We implmented structure mapping manually, in lieu of effective algorithms for stucture mapping designers flexibility to apply structure mapping only for data deemed to be sufficiently well structured

  10. Final Report for Geometric Analysis for Data Reduction and Structure Discovery DE-FG02-10ER25983, STRIPES award # DE-SC0004096

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vixie, Kevin R

    2014-11-27

    This is the final report for the project "Geometric Analysis for Data Reduction and Structure Discovery" in which insights and tools from geometric analysis were developed and exploited for their potential to large scale data challenges.

  11. Analysis of Slanted Air-gap Structure of Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Brushless Field Excitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tolbert, Leon M.

    machine, synchronous motors, torque. I. NOMENCLATURE BFE brushless field excitation IPMSM interiorAnalysis of Slanted Air-gap Structure of Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Brushless permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM) for application in a hybrid electric vehicle. This unique slanted

  12. Structure of the (111) surface of bismuth: LEED analysis and first-principles calculations Yu. M. Koroteev,3,4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pohl, Karsten

    ,1 J. Sun,2 Yu. M. Koroteev,3,4 G. Bihlmayer,5 J. Wells,1 E. V. Chulkov,3,6 K. Pohl,2 and Ph. Hofmann1, * 1Institute for Storage Ring Facilities, University of Aarhus, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark 2 structure of Bi 111 was investigated by low-energy electron diffraction LEED intensity analysis

  13. In situ magnetic a.nd structural analysis of epitaxial NisoFezothin films for spin-valve heterostructures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atwater, Harry

    In situ magnetic a.nd structural analysis of epitaxial NisoFezothin films for spin-valve-coupling and giant magnetoresistance (.GMRj in NiseFez,,/Cu multilayers' and spin-valves.' To date, all" Furthermore, FeMn, which is typically used in spin valves to exchange bias one of the ferromagnetic layers

  14. C++ Review for COP-3530 This material is excerpted from Data Structures and Algorithm Analysis in C++ (Second

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiss, Mark Allen

    defined, one that initializes the data members using language defaults is automatically generated. The IntC++ Review for COP-3530 This material is excerpted from Data Structures and Algorithm Analysis in C++ (Second Edition) by Mark Allen Weiss and is copyrighted. All rights are reserved. 1 C++ Classes

  15. Kinematic studies of transport across an island wake, with application to the Canary islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathias Sandulescu; Emilio Hernandez-Garcia; Cristobal Lopez; Ulrike Feudel

    2006-05-29

    Transport from nutrient-rich coastal upwellings is a key factor influencing biological activity in surrounding waters and even in the open ocean. The rich upwelling in the North-Western African coast is known to interact strongly with the wake of the Canary islands, giving rise to filaments and other mesoscale structures of increased productivity. Motivated by this scenario, we introduce a simplified two-dimensional kinematic flow describing the wake of an island in a stream, and study the conditions under which there is a net transport of substances across the wake. For small vorticity values in the wake, it acts as a barrier, but there is a transition when increasing vorticity so that for values appropriate to the Canary area, it entrains fluid and enhances cross-wake transport.

  16. Automated Kinematic Modelling of Warped Galaxy Discs in Large Hi Surveys: 3D Tilted Ring Fitting of HI Emission Cubes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamphuis, P; Oh, S- H; Spekkens, K; Urbancic, N; Serra, P; Koribalski, B S; Dettmar, R -J

    2015-01-01

    Kinematical parameterisations of disc galaxies, employing emission line observations, are indispensable tools for studying the formation and evolution of galaxies. Future large-scale HI surveys will resolve the discs of many thousands of galaxies, allowing a statistical analysis of their disc and halo kinematics, mass distribution and dark matter content. Here we present an automated procedure which fits tilted-ring models to Hi data cubes of individual, well-resolved galaxies. The method builds on the 3D Tilted Ring Fitting Code (TiRiFiC) and is called FAT (Fully Automated TiRiFiC). To assess the accuracy of the code we apply it to a set of 52 artificial galaxies and 25 real galaxies from the Local Volume HI Survey (LVHIS). Using LVHIS data, we compare our 3D modelling to the 2D modelling methods DiskFit and rotcur. A conservative result is that FAT accurately models the kinematics and the morphologies of galaxies with an extent of eight beams across the major axis in the inclination range 20$^{\\circ}$-90$^{...

  17. Micro structural analysis of carbons prepared from paper mill sludge by SANS and BET.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Littrell, K. C.; Khalili, N. R.; Campbell, M.; Sandi, G.; Thiyagarajan, P.; Illinois Institute of Tech.

    2002-01-01

    Small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) and N2-BET analysis were used to characterize the microstructure of a series of activated carbons produced from paper mill sludge using ZnCl{sub 2}. N{sub 2}-BET and SANS data indicate that the micro- and mesoporous surface areas of the carbons increase with the concentration of ZnCl{sub 2} used in their preparation. Contrast variation SANS studies demonstrate the existence of two different phases, a zinc-rich particle phase and a bulk carbon phase with nanopores. Both phases are largely accessible to the solvent. The size and morphology of the pores and inclusions were determined from the SANS data. The pores are found to be roughly rodlike. The radii and volumes of the pores increase with increasing the amount of activating agent (ZnCl{sub 2}) used for the production of the carbons. On the basis of SANS results, we propose a conceptual model describing structural characteristics of the produced carbons.

  18. Stochastic Analysis of a Churn-Tolerant Structured Peer-to-Peer Scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobs, Tim

    2010-01-01

    We present and analyze a simple and general scheme to build a churn (fault)-tolerant structured Peer-to-Peer (P2P) network. Our scheme shows how to ``convert" a static network into a dynamic distributed hash table(DHT)-based P2P network such that all the good properties of the static network are guaranteed with high probability (w.h.p). Applying our scheme to a cube-connected cycles network, for example, yields a $O(\\log N)$ degree connected network, in which every search succeeds in $O(\\log N)$ hops w.h.p., using $O(\\log N)$ messages, where $N$ is the expected stable network size. Our scheme has an constant storage overhead (the number of nodes responsible for servicing a data item) and an $O(\\log N)$ overhead (messages and time) per insertion and essentially no overhead for deletions. All these bounds are essentially optimal. While DHT schemes with similar guarantees are already known in the literature, this work is new in the following aspects: (1) It presents a rigorous mathematical analysis of the scheme...

  19. Aluminum doped zirconia nanopowders: Wet-chemical synthesis and structural analysis by Rietveld refinement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Srdic, Vladimir V. Rakic, Srdan; Cvejic, Zeljka

    2008-10-02

    Alumina/zirconia nanopowders, with up to 20 mol% Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, were prepared by wet-chemical synthesis technique, using controlled hydrolysis of alkoxides. The as-synthesized powders are amorphous, have very high specific surface area and the corresponding particle size smaller than 4 nm. Amorphous powders with 0, 10 and 20 mol% Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} crystallize at 460, 692 and 749 deg. C, respectively, as a single-phase tetragonal zirconia, without any traces of alumina phases. Rietvled refinement of X-ray diffraction data, used for the detailed structural analysis of annealed nanopowders, showed that the high-temperature zirconia phase is stabilized due to the formation of ZrO{sub 2}/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} solid solutions. High solubility of alumina in the tetragonal zirconia (up to 28.6 at% Al{sup 3+}) and stabilization of tetragonal zirconia solid solution up to high temperature (as high as 1150 deg. C) were also confirmed.

  20. A DETAILED KINEMATIC MAP OF CASSIOPEIA A'S OPTICAL MAIN SHELL AND OUTER HIGH-VELOCITY EJECTA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milisavljevic, Dan [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA, 02138 (United States); Fesen, Robert A., E-mail: dmilisav@cfa.harvard.edu [6127 Wilder Lab, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755 (United States)

    2013-08-01

    We present three-dimensional (3D) kinematic reconstructions of optically emitting material in the young Galactic supernova remnant Cassiopeia A (Cas A). These Doppler maps have the highest spectral and spatial resolutions of any previous survey of Cas A and represent the most complete catalog of its optically emitting material to date. We confirm that the bulk of Cas A's optically bright ejecta populate a torus-like geometry tilted approximately 30 Degree-Sign with respect to the plane of the sky with a -4000 to +6000 km s{sup -1} radial velocity asymmetry. Near-tangent viewing angle effects and an inhomogeneous surrounding circumstellar material/interstellar medium environment suggest that this geometry and velocity asymmetry may not be faithfully representative of the remnant's true 3D structure or the kinematic properties of the original explosion. The majority of the optical ejecta are arranged in several well-defined and nearly circular ring-like structures with diameters between approximately 30'' (0.5 pc) and 2' (2 pc). These ejecta rings appear to be a common phenomenon of young core-collapse remnants and may be associated with post-explosion input of energy from plumes of radioactive {sup 56}Ni-rich ejecta that rise, expand, and compress non-radioactive material. Our optical survey encompasses Cas A's faint outlying ejecta knots and exceptionally high-velocity NE and SW streams of S-rich debris often referred to as ''jets''. These outer knots, which exhibit a chemical make-up suggestive of an origin deep within the progenitor star, appear to be arranged in opposing and wide-angle outflows with opening half-angles of Almost-Equal-To 40 Degree-Sign.

  1. OPTIMASS: A Package for the Minimization of Kinematic Mass Functions with Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Won Sang; Kim, Doojin; Lim, Sung Hak; Matchev, Konstantin T; Moortgat, Filip; Pape, Luc; Park, Myeonghun

    2015-01-01

    Reconstructed mass variables, such as $M_2$, $M_{2C}$, $M_T^\\star$, and $M_{T2}^W$, play an essential role in searches for new physics at hadron colliders. The calculation of these variables generally involves constrained minimization in a large parameter space, which is numerically challenging. We provide a C++ code, OPTIMASS, which interfaces with the MINUIT library to perform this constrained minimization using the Augmented Lagrangian Method. The code can be applied to arbitrarily general event topologies and thus allows the user to significantly extend the existing set of kinematic variables. We describe this code and its motivation and demonstrate its use in the analysis of the fully leptonic decay of pair-produced top quarks using the $M_2$ variables.

  2. KINEMATICS OF THE ORION TRAPEZIUM BASED ON DIFFRACTO-ASTROMETRY AND HISTORICAL DATA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olivares, J.; Sánchez, L. J.; Ruelas-Mayorga, A.; Allen, C.; Costero, R.; Poveda, A., E-mail: jromero@astro.unam.mx, E-mail: leonardo@astro.unam.mx [Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apdo. Postal 70-264, 04510, México D.F. (Mexico)

    2013-11-01

    Using the novel Diffracto-Astrometry technique, we analyze 44 Hubble Space Telescope Wide Field Planetary Camera 2 images of the Orion Trapezium (OT) taken over a span of 12 yr (1995-2007). We measure the relative positions of the six brighter OT components (A-F) and supplement these results with measurements of the relative separations and position angles taken from the literature, thus extending our analysis time base to ?200 yr. For every pair of components we find the relative rate of separation as well as the temporal rate of change of their position angles, which enable us to determine the relative kinematics of the system. Component E shows a velocity larger than the OT's escape velocity, thus confirming that it is escaping from the gravitational pull of this system.

  3. A Principal Components Analysis of Executive Processes: Exploring the Structure of Executive Functions using Neuropsychological Tests 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maner, Safir

    2011-11-23

    Whether executive system is a unified or separable structure is still a matter of debate. Using an individual differences approach, this study investigated the structure of five hypothesized executive functions (“Updating”, ...

  4. New families of human regulatory RNA structures identified by comparative analysis of vertebrate genomes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kellis, Manolis

    Regulatory RNA structures are often members of families with multiple paralogous instances across the genome. Family members share functional and structural properties, which allow them to be studied as a whole, facilitating ...

  5. Ph. D. Dissertation Multi-level Analysis on Structures and Dynamics of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moon, Sue B.

    as the mesoscale units of the network structure. We quantify the inconsistency that has been largely ignored

  6. Characterization of Tight Gas Reservoir Pore Structure Using USANS/SANS and Gas Adsorption Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clarkson, Christopher R [ORNL; He, Lilin [ORNL; Agamalian, Michael [ORNL; Melnichenko, Yuri B [ORNL; Mastalerz, Maria [Indiana Geological Survey; Bustin, Mark [University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Radlinski, Andrzej Pawell [ORNL; Blach, Tomasz P [ORNL

    2012-01-01

    Small-angle and ultra-small-angle neutron scattering (SANS and USANS) measurements were performed on samples from the Triassic Montney tight gas reservoir in Western Canada in order to determine the applicability of these techniques for characterizing the full pore size spectrum and to gain insight into the nature of the pore structure and its control on permeability. The subject tight gas reservoir consists of a finely laminated siltstone sequence; extensive cementation and moderate clay content are the primary causes of low permeability. SANS/USANS experiments run at ambient pressure and temperature conditions on lithologically-diverse sub-samples of three core plugs demonstrated that a broad pore size distribution could be interpreted from the data. Two interpretation methods were used to evaluate total porosity, pore size distribution and surface area and the results were compared to independent estimates derived from helium porosimetry (connected porosity) and low-pressure N{sub 2} and CO{sub 2} adsorption (accessible surface area and pore size distribution). The pore structure of the three samples as interpreted from SANS/USANS is fairly uniform, with small differences in the small-pore range (< 2000 {angstrom}), possibly related to differences in degree of cementation, and mineralogy, in particular clay content. Total porosity interpreted from USANS/SANS is similar to (but systematically higher than) helium porosities measured on the whole core plug. Both methods were used to estimate the percentage of open porosity expressed here as a ratio of connected porosity, as established from helium adsorption, to the total porosity, as estimated from SANS/USANS techniques. Open porosity appears to control permeability (determined using pressure and pulse-decay techniques), with the highest permeability sample also having the highest percentage of open porosity. Surface area, as calculated from low-pressure N{sub 2} and CO{sub 2} adsorption, is significantly less than surface area estimates from SANS/USANS, which is due in part to limited accessibility of the gases to all pores. The similarity between N{sub 2} and CO{sub 2}-accessible surface area suggests an absence of microporosity in these samples, which is in agreement with SANS analysis. A core gamma ray profile run on the same core from which the core plug samples were taken correlates to profile permeability measurements run on the slabbed core. This correlation is related to clay content, which possibly controls the percentage of open porosity. Continued study of these effects will prove useful in log-core calibration efforts for tight gas.

  7. Structure-sequence based analysis for identification of conserved regions in proteins

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zemla, Adam T; Zhou, Carol E; Lam, Marisa W; Smith, Jason R; Pardes, Elizabeth

    2013-05-28

    Disclosed are computational methods, and associated hardware and software products for scoring conservation in a protein structure based on a computationally identified family or cluster of protein structures. A method of computationally identifying a family or cluster of protein structures in also disclosed herein.

  8. In Multi-Relational Data Mining Workshop at KDD-2003. Structural Logistic Regression for Link Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ungar, Lyle H.

    boolean and real-valued, are generated by structured search in the space of queries to the database of features automatically generated from a relational database. Structural Logistic Regression is an "upgradeIn Multi-Relational Data Mining Workshop at KDD-2003. Structural Logistic Regression for Link

  9. Argument structure hierarchy system and method for facilitating analysis and decision-making processes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Janssen, Terry (9840 Faust Dr., Vienna, VA 22182)

    2000-01-01

    A system and method for facilitating decision-making comprising a computer program causing linkage of data representing a plurality of argument structure units into a hierarchical argument structure. Each argument structure unit comprises data corresponding to a hypothesis and its corresponding counter-hypothesis, data corresponding to grounds that provide a basis for inference of the hypothesis or its corresponding counter-hypothesis, data corresponding to a warrant linking the grounds to the hypothesis or its corresponding counter-hypothesis, and data corresponding to backing that certifies the warrant. The hierarchical argument structure comprises a top level argument structure unit and a plurality of subordinate level argument structure units. Each of the plurality of subordinate argument structure units comprises at least a portion of the grounds of the argument structure unit to which it is subordinate. Program code located on each of a plurality of remote computers accepts input from one of a plurality of contributors. Each input comprises data corresponding to an argument structure unit in the hierarchical argument structure and supports the hypothesis or its corresponding counter-hypothesis. A second programming code is adapted to combine the inputs into a single hierarchical argument structure. A third computer program code is responsive to the second computer program code and is adapted to represent a degree of support for the hypothesis and its corresponding counter-hypothesis in the single hierarchical argument structure.

  10. Kinematic dynamo wave in the vicinity of the solar poles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victor Galitski; D. D. Sokoloff

    2001-04-27

    We consider a dynamo wave in the solar convective shell for the kinematic $\\alpha\\omega$-dynamo model. The spectrum and eigenfunctions of the corresponding equations are derived analytically with the aid of the WKB method. Our main aim here is to investigate the dynamo wave behavior in the vicinity of the solar poles. Explicit expressions for the incident and reflected waves are obtained. The reflected wave is shown to be relatively weak in comparison to the incident wave. The phase shifts and the ratio of amplitudes of the two waves are found.

  11. Effects of q-profile structure on turbulence spreading: A fluctuation intensity transport analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yi, S.; Kwon, J. M.; Diamond, P. H.; Hahm, T. S.

    2014-09-15

    This paper studies effects of q-profile structure on turbulence spreading. It reports results of numerical experiments using global gyrokinetic simulations. We examine propagation of turbulence, triggered by an identical linear instability in a source region, into an adjacent, linearly stable region with variable q-profile. The numerical experiments are designed so as to separate the physics of turbulence spreading from that of linear stability. The strength of turbulence spreading is measured by the penetration depth of turbulence. Dynamics of spreading are elucidated by fluctuation intensity balance analysis, using a model intensity evolution equation which retains nonlinear diffusion and damping, and linear growth. It is found that turbulence spreading is strongly affected by magnetic shear s, but is hardly altered by the safety factor q itself. There is an optimal range of modest magnetic shear which maximizes turbulence spreading. For high to modest shear values, the spreading is enhanced by the increase of the mode correlation length with decreasing magnetic shear. However, the efficiency of spreading drops for sufficiently low magnetic shear even though the mode correlation length is comparable to that for the case of optimal magnetic shear. The reduction of spreading is attributed to the increase in time required for the requisite nonlinear mode-mode interactions. The effect of increased interaction time dominates that of increased mode correlation length. Our findings of the reduction of spreading and the increase in interaction time at weak magnetic shear are consistent with the well-known benefit of weak or reversed magnetic shear for core confinement enhancement. Weak shear is shown to promote locality, as well as stability.

  12. Some remarks on methods of QCD analysis of polarized DIS data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leader, Elliot; Sidorov, Aleksander V.; Stamenov, Dimiter B. [Imperial College, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2BW (United Kingdom); Bogoliubov Theoretical Laboratory, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 141980 Dubna (Russian Federation); CERN, Theory Division, CH 1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland) and Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Boulevard Tsarigradsko Chaussee 72, Sofia 1784 (Bulgaria)

    2009-09-01

    The results on polarized parton densities obtained using different methods of QCD analysis of the present polarized DIS data are discussed. Their dependence on the method used in the analysis, accounting or not for the kinematic and dynamic 1/Q{sup 2} corrections to spin structure function g{sub 1}, is demonstrated. It is pointed out that the precise data in the preasymptotic region require a more careful matching of the QCD predictions to the data in this region in order to determine the polarized parton densities correctly.

  13. Molecular Gas in Elliptical Galaxies: Distribution and Kinematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. M. Young

    2002-05-10

    I present interferometric images (approx. 7" resolution) of CO emission in five elliptical galaxies and nondetections in two others. These data double the number of elliptical galaxies whose CO emission has been fully mapped. The sample galaxies have 10^8 to 5x10^9 solar masses of molecular gas distributed in mostly symmetric rotating disks with diameters of 2 to 12 kpc. Four out of the five molecular disks show remarkable alignment with the optical major axes of their host galaxies. The molecular masses are a few percent of the total dynamical masses which are implied if the gas is on circular orbits. If the molecular gas forms stars, it will make rotationally supported stellar disks which will be very similar in character to the stellar disks now known to be present in many ellipticals. Comparison of stellar kinematics to gas kinematics in NGC 4476 implies that the molecular gas did not come from internal stellar mass loss because the specific angular momentum of the gas is about three times larger than that of the stars.

  14. KINEMATIC DISCOVERY OF A STELLAR STREAM LOCATED IN PISCES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martin, Charles; Carlin, Jeffrey L.; Newberg, Heidi Jo [Department of Physics, Applied Physics and Astronomy, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180 (United States); Grillmair, Carl, E-mail: martic6@rpi.edu [Spitzer Science Center, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

    2013-03-10

    We report the kinematic discovery of the Pisces Stellar Stream (PSS), at Galactic longitude l Almost-Equal-To 135 Degree-Sign and -39 Degree-Sign < b < -36 Degree-Sign . We originally identified this halo substructure from velocities of red giant branch stars in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Data Release 8, and confirmed its presence in turnoff stars from SDSS photometric data. The PSS is a narrow, kinematically cold tidal stream, with {sigma}{sub v,0} Almost-Equal-To 8 km s{sup -1}. Its metallicity is [Fe/H] Almost-Equal-To -2.2, with {approx}0.3 dex dispersion. The color-magnitude signature of the stream turnoff, combined with our measured metallicity, places the PSS at a distance of 35 {+-} 3 kpc. The PSS is the same as the previously announced ''Triangulum stream'' and part of the proposed ''stream a''. We rule out an association of the PSS with other previously known Milky Way substructures in the same region of the sky.

  15. Time series analysis and feature extraction techniques for structural health monitoring applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Overbey, Lucas A.

    2008-01-01

    SHM structural health monitoring UAV unmanned aerial vehiclefor aerospace applications. (a) UAV Predator, (b) Lockheedof the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) Predator, as weight

  16. Structural and Functional Analysis of a New Subfamily of Glycosyltransferases Required for Glycosylation of Serine-rich Streptococcal Adhesins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhu, Fan; Erlandsen, Heidi; Ding, Lei; Li, Jingzhi; Huang, Ying; Zhou, Meixian; Liang, Xiaobo; Ma, Jinbiao; Wu, Hui (UAB)

    2011-09-16

    Serine-rich repeat glycoproteins (SRRPs) are a growing family of bacterial adhesins found in many streptococci and staphylococci; they play important roles in bacterial biofilm formation and pathogenesis. Glycosylation of this family of adhesins is essential for their biogenesis. A glucosyltransferase (Gtf3) catalyzes the second step of glycosylation of a SRRP (Fap1) from an oral streptococcus, Streptococcus parasanguinis. Although Gtf3 homologs are highly conserved in SRRP-containing streptococci, they share minimal homology with functionally known glycosyltransferases. We report here the 2.3 {angstrom} crystal structure of Gtf3. The structural analysis indicates that Gtf3 forms a tetramer and shares significant structural homology with glycosyltransferases from GT4, GT5, and GT20 subfamilies. Combining crystal structural analysis with site-directed mutagenesis and in vitro glycosyltransferase assays, we identified residues that are required for UDP- or UDP-glucose binding and for oligomerization of Gtf3 and determined their contribution to the enzymatic activity of Gtf3. Further in vivo studies revealed that the critical amino acid residues identified by the structural analysis are crucial for Fap1 glycosylation in S. parasanguinis in vivo. Moreover, Gtf3 homologs from other streptococci were able to rescue the gtf3 knock-out mutant of S. parasanguinis in vivo and catalyze the sugar transfer to the modified SRRP substrate in vitro, demonstrating the importance and conservation of the Gtf3 homologs in glycosylation of SRRPs. As the Gtf3 homologs only exist in SRRP-containing streptococci, we conclude that the Gtf3 homologs represent a unique subfamily of glycosyltransferases.

  17. Studies of Single-Particle Structure in the N=16 Region Using Transfer Reactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lemmon, R. C.; Pucknell, V. P. E.; Warner, D. D.; Fernandez-Dominguez, B.; Chartier, M.; Timis, C.; Catford, W. N.; Baldwin, T. D.; Gelletly, W.; Pain, S. D.; Rejmund, M.; Labiche, M.; Amzal, N.; Burns, M.; Chapman, R.; Liang, X.; Spohr, K.; Ashwood, N.; Curtis, N.; Freer, M.

    2006-08-14

    We have developed a new experimental setup based at the GANIL/SPIRAL facility in Caen, France to measure one-nucleon transfer reactions in inverse kinematics in order to study the evolution of the single particle structure of exotic nuclei. The setup couples together three state-of-the-art detection systems: the TIARA Si array, the large-acceptance magnetic spectrometer VAMOS and the high-efficiency segmented Ge {gamma}-ray array EXOGAM. In a first experiment, the 24Ne(d,p)25Ne reaction has been studied to probe the N=16 shell closure. Details of the setup, data analysis and preliminary results are presented.

  18. COMMENTS ON STRUCTURAL CONDITION ANALYSIS BASED ON STRAIN MEASUREMENTS ON TRIPOD MODEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    strain can be valuable indicator of such changes. KEYWORDS : offshore support structure, wind turbine depth of 50 m. Bigger size wind turbines are now designed in order to produce more electrical power than. On the other hand the problems connected with structural health monitoring (SHM) of offshore wind turbines have

  19. A shoe-integrated sensor system for wireless gait analysis and real-time therapeutic feedback

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, Stacy J., 1974-

    2004-01-01

    Clinical gait analysis currently involves either an expensive analysis in a motion laboratory, using highly accurate, if cumbersome, kinematic systems, or a qualitative analysis with a physician or physical therapist making ...

  20. Statistical Models and Algorithms for Studying Hand and Finger Kinematics and their Neural Mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hand and Finger Kinematics and their Neural Mechanisms Lucia Castellanos August 2013 CMU-ML-13Statistical Models and Algorithms for Studying Hand and Finger Kinematics and their Neural Mechanisms Lucia Castellanos August 2013 CMU-ML-13-108 #12;#12;Statistical Models and Algorithms for Studying

  1. KINEMATIC FAST DYNAMO PROBLEMS Stars and planets possess magnetic elds that permanently change. Earth, for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khesin, Boris A.

    CHAPTER V KINEMATIC FAST DYNAMO PROBLEMS Stars and planets possess magnetic elds that permanently that the time pattern of the switches forms a Cantor-type set on the time scale (see AnS]). The mechanism the subject of dynamo theory. Kinematic dynamo theory studies what kind of uid motion can induce exponential

  2. Hand-held tools with complex kinematics are efficiently incorporated into movement planning and online control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flanagan, Randy

    Hand-held tools with complex kinematics are efficiently incorporated into movement planning, Flanagan JR. Hand-held tools with complex kinematics are efficiently incorporated into movement planning.2012.--Certain hand-held tools al- ter the mapping between hand motion and motion of the tool end point that must

  3. The cost of moving optimally: kinematic path selection Dinant A. Kistemaker,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gribble, Paul

    The cost of moving optimally: kinematic path selection Dinant A. Kistemaker,1,2 Jeremy D. Wong,3 June 2014 Kistemaker DA, Wong JD, Gribble PL. The cost of moving optimally: kinematic path selection. J through opti- mization of a cost function that takes into account control and/or dynamic variables

  4. BIOLOGICAL FRAMEWORKS FOR ENGINEERS Session #25 [m: Kinematics and Spinal Biomechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sniadecki, Nathan J.

    ME411/511 BIOLOGICAL FRAMEWORKS FOR ENGINEERS Session #25 [m: Kinematics and Spinal Biomechanics mechanical testing of the spine Central Framework: Kinematics is the study of motion. Spinal biomechanics;ME411/511 V. Spinal biomechanics Spinal anatomy Reasons to study spinal biomechanics Mechanical

  5. The role of the kinematical constraint and non-linear effects in the CCFM equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michal Deak

    2015-05-19

    We report on recent study [1] of the role of the kinematical constraint in the CCFM equation and its non-linear extension. We compare numerical results obtained by solving the CCFM equation and argue that kinematical constraint represents an important correction.

  6. Harmonic analysis of the Ha velocity field of NGC 4254

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurent Chemin; Olivier Hernandez; Chantal Balkowski; Claude Carignan; Philippe Amram

    2005-12-20

    The ionized gas kinematics of the Virgo Cluster galaxy NGC 4254 (Messier 99) is analyzed by an harmonic decomposition of the velocity field into Fourier coefficients. The aims of this study are to measure the kinematical asymmetries of Virgo cluster galaxies and to connect them to the environment. The analysis reveals significant $m=1,2,4$ terms which origins are discussed.

  7. An analysis of technical and policy drivers in Current U.S. nuclear weapons force structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Amanda, S. B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01

    U.S. nuclear weapons force structure accounts for the number and types of strategic and nonstrategic weapon systems in various locations that comprise the nuclear arsenal. While exact numbers, locations, and detailed designs ...

  8. Multiscale structural analysis of mouse lingual myoarchitecture employing diffusion spectrum magnetic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engelward, Bevin

    structural autocorrelation TPM , respectively. Mesoscale myofi- ber tracts were generated by alignment the properties of the respective ODFs and the virtual super- imposition of the distributed mesoscale myofiber tracts. The identifi- cation of a mesoscale anatomical construct, which specifically links

  9. Mathematical Foundations for Efficient Structural Controllability and Observability Analysis of Complex Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zufiria, Pedro J.

    The relationship between structural controllability and observability of complex systems is studied. Algebraic and graph theoretic tools are combined to prove the extent of some controller/observer duality results. Two ...

  10. GeniSTELA - A Generalised Engineering Methodology for Thermal Analysis of Structural Members in Natural Fires 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Hong

    The ability to predict the temperatures in protected steel structures is of vital importance for the progress of fire safety engineering. Existing methods are limited in several respects, typically being computationall ...

  11. Empirical analysis of masonry walls : structural design and seismic reinforcement through tilting experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jimenez, Daniel D. (Daniel David)

    2011-01-01

    Masonry is a fundamental building material that is used for a significant proportion of structures across the world, many of which lie in potentially hazardous environments. While masonry naturally has poor performance ...

  12. Longitudinal Data Analysis Using Multilevel Linear Modeling (MLM): Fitting an Optimal Variance-Covariance Structure 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Yuan-Hsuan

    2011-10-21

    This dissertation focuses on issues related to fitting an optimal variance-covariance structure in multilevel linear modeling framework with two Monte Carlo simulation studies. In the first study, the author evaluated the ...

  13. An historical analysis of landscape structure change at Birch Creek State Park, Lake Somerville, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia, Leigh Ann

    1998-01-01

    Changes in land-use subsequently affect the landscape's spatial patterning and ecological processes. This thesis applies concepts of landscape ecology in order to assess the degree of landscape structural change which has taken place due...

  14. Redesign and shock analysis of HALIFAX class frigate gas turbine uptake structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Summers, Simon A. (Simon Andrew)

    2008-01-01

    The gas turbine exhaust uptakes in the HALIFAX class frigates of the Canadian Navy have experienced thermally-induced fatigue cracking since soon after the commissioning of these ships. The uptake structure is heavily ...

  15. Analysis of thermal fields generated by natural fires on the structural elements of tall buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capote, Jorge A; Alvear, Daniel; Lazaro, Mariano; Espina, Pablo; Fletcher, Ian A; Welch, Stephen; Torero, Jose L

    The Windsor Tower in Madrid was involved in a major fire, on 12-13 February 2005, which caused extensive structural damage to the upper floors of the building. This fire has provoked intense interest amongst researchers ...

  16. Scale dependencies in structural analysis as illustrated by chevron folds along the Beartooth Front, Wyoming 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Robert Annan

    1972-01-01

    of fracture sets found in folded layered rocks and their relationship with fold axis (modified from Stearns, 1968) ~ . 30 Kinking of laminae structures along set 4, fractures in shale . . . . . . . . . . . 31 lla, b, and c. Photographs of typical arcuate... are also under this category. The ductility is assessed by the intensity of layer descrip- tion from fractures and faults. The materials previously mentioned are nearly free of such structures. This ab- sence is not only true for the center...

  17. Real time markerless motion tracking using linked kinematic chains

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Luck, Jason P. (Arvada, CO); Small, Daniel E. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2007-08-14

    A markerless method is described for tracking the motion of subjects in a three dimensional environment using a model based on linked kinematic chains. The invention is suitable for tracking robotic, animal or human subjects in real-time using a single computer with inexpensive video equipment, and does not require the use of markers or specialized clothing. A simple model of rigid linked segments is constructed of the subject and tracked using three dimensional volumetric data collected by a multiple camera video imaging system. A physics based method is then used to compute forces to align the model with subsequent volumetric data sets in real-time. The method is able to handle occlusion of segments and accommodates joint limits, velocity constraints, and collision constraints and provides for error recovery. The method further provides for elimination of singularities in Jacobian based calculations, which has been problematic in alternative methods.

  18. A Kinematic Conservation Law in Free Surface Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergey Gavrilyuk; Henrik Kalisch; Zahra Khorsand

    2014-10-24

    The Green-Naghdi system is used to model highly nonlinear weakly dispersive waves propagating at the surface of a shallow layer of a perfect fluid. The system has three associated conservation laws which describe the conservation of mass, momentum, and energy due to the surface wave motion. In addition, the system features a fourth conservation law which is the main focus of this note. It is shown how this fourth conservation law can be interpreted in terms of a concrete kinematic quantity connected to the evolution of the tangent velocity at the free surface. The equation for the tangent velocity is first derived for the full Euler equations in both two and three dimensional flows, and in both cases, it gives rise to an approximate balance law in the Green-Naghdi theory which turns out to be identical to the fourth conservation law for this system.

  19. Structural Analysis for Gold Mineralization Using Remote Sensing and Geochemical Techniques in a GIS Environment: Island of Lesvos, Hellas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rokos, D. Argialas, D. Mavrantza, R. St Seymour, K.; Vamvoukakis, C.; Kouli, M.; Lamera, S.; Paraskevas, H.; Karfakis, I.; Denes, G

    2000-12-15

    Exploration for epithermal Au has been active lately in the Aegean Sea of the eastern Mediterranean Basin, both in the islands of the Quaternary arc and in those of the back-arc region. The purpose of this study was the structural mapping and analysis for a preliminary investigation of possible epithermal gold mineralization, using remotely sensed data and techniques, structural and field data, and geochemical information, for a specific area on the Island of Lesvos. Therefore, Landsat-TM and SPOT-Pan satellite images and the Digital Elevation Model (DEM) of the study area were processed digitally using spatial filtering techniques for the enhancement and recognition of the geologically significant lineaments, as well as algebraic operations with band ratios and Principal Component Analysis (PCA), for the identification of alteration zones. Statistical rose diagrams and a SCHMIDT projection Stereo Net were generated from the lineament maps and the collected field data (dip and strike measurements of faults, joints, and veins), respectively. The derived lineament map and the band ratio images were manipulated in a GIS environment, in order to study the relation of the tectonic pattern to both the alteration zoning and the geomorphology of the volcanic field of the study area. Target areas of high interest for possible mineralization also were specified using geochemical techniques, such as X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) analysis, trace-element, and fluid-inclusion analysis. Finally, preliminary conclusions were derived about possible mineralization, the type (high or low sulfidation), and the extent of mineralization, by combining the structural information with geochemical information.

  20. Water Maser Kinematics in the Jet of OH 12.8-0.9

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David A. Boboltz; Kevin B. Marvel

    2007-06-20

    We present Very Long Baseline Array observations of the kinematics of the water masers associated with OH 12.8-0.9, the fourth member of the so-called "water fountain" class of sources. We find that the masers occupy two distinct regions at the ends of a bipolar jet-like structure oriented north-south, with the blue-shifted masers located to the north and the red-shifted masers to the south. The masers are distributed along arc-like structures 12-20 mas across oriented perpendicular to the separation axis with an angular separation of ~110 mas on the sky. Our multi-epoch observations, show the two maser arcs to be expanding away from each other along the axis of separation. The relative proper motions of the two maser regions is 2.7 mas/yr (~105 km/s at the assumed distance of 8 kpc). The measured radial velocity difference between the northern, blue-shifted masers and the southern, red-shifted masers is 48.4 km/s. The radial velocity, when combined with the proper motion, yields a three-dimensional expansion velocity of 58 km/s and an inclination angle of 24 deg. for the jet. By combining our radial velocities with historical values, we estimate the three dimensional acceleration of the masers to be ~0.63 km/s/yr and a dynamical age for the collimated outflow of ~90 yr.

  1. FOURIER-TRANSFORM ANALYSIS OF NORMAL PHOTOELECTRON DIFFRACTION DATA FOR SURFACE-STRUCTURE DETERMINATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hussain, Z.

    2013-01-01

    Physical Review Letters FOURIER-TRANSFORM ANALYSIS OF NORMAL0 eV. (b) Magnitude of the Fourier transform IF(r)l accord·3. l.94A and V 5 eV. Fourier-transform derived distances ZF

  2. FOURIER-TRANSFORM ANALYSIS OF NORMAL PHOTOELECTRON DIFFRACTION DATA FOR SURFACE-STRUCTURE DETERMINATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hussain, Z.

    2013-01-01

    Academy of Sciences USA FOURIER-TRANSFORM ANALYSIS OF NORMALeV. (b) Magnitude of the Fourier transform IF(r)l accordingV 0 = 5 eV. Figure 3. Fourier-transform derived distances ZF

  3. Structural Analysis of Southern Dixie Valley using LiDAR and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and tonal lineaments were used to define possible faults in both the LiDAR and LSA photo data sets.The LiDAR and LSA photo analysis has identified a large number of previously...

  4. Application of a generalised engineering methodology for thermal analysis of structural members in fire 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Hong; Welch, Stephen

    The GeniSTELA code has been developed as a generalised CFD-based approach for thermal analysis of protected steelwork in fire. This is a quasi-3D approach with computation of a "steel temperature field" parameter in each ...

  5. Development and validation of a generalised engineering methodology for thermal analysis of structural members in fire 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Hong; Welch, Stephen; Stratford, Tim J; Kinsella, Emmett V

    A novel methodology for generalising CFD-based approaches for thermal analysis of protected steelwork in fire has been developed, known as GeniSTELA. This is a quasi-3D approach with computation of a "steel temperature ...

  6. Structure-function analysis of human protein Ero1-L{alpha}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chu, Yanyan [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai 200237 (China)] [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai 200237 (China); Yang, Charles; Chen, Xianjun; Zheng, Wenyun [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai 200237 (China) [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai 200237 (China); State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai 200237 (China); Yang, Yi, E-mail: yiyang@ecust.edu.cn [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai 200237 (China) [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai 200237 (China); State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai 200237 (China); Tang, Yun, E-mail: ytang234@ecust.edu.cn [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai 200237 (China)] [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai 200237 (China)

    2009-11-27

    Human Ero1-L{alpha} catalyzes the formation of disulfide bond and hence plays an essential role in protein folding. Understanding the mechanism of disulfide bond formation in mammals is important because of the involvement of protein misfolding in conditions such as diabetes, arthritis, cancer, and aging. However, the crystal structure of the enzyme is not available yet, which seriously hinders the understanding of biological function of Ero1-L{alpha}. Based on the crystal structure of yeast Ero1p, a rational three-dimensional structural model of Ero1-L{alpha} was built and the characteristics of the enzyme were hence investigated. The characteristic similarities and differences between Ero1-L{alpha} and Ero1p were compared on the basis of computational and experimental results, providing the first insight into the structure-function relationships of the enzymes. Both calculation and experiment got the concordant conclusion that FAD binds more tightly with Ero1-L{alpha} than Ero1p. In addition, the probable electron transfer pathway was proposed on the basis of the structural models.

  7. Spectra and Growth Rates of Fluctuating Magnetic Fields in the Kinematic Dynamo Theory with Large Magnetic Prandtl Numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Schekochihin; Stanislav Boldyrev; Russell Kulsrud

    2002-03-05

    The existence of a weak galactic magnetic field has been repeatedly confirmed by observational data. The origin of this field has not as yet been explained in a fully satisfactory way and represents one of the main challenges of the astrophysical dynamo theory. In both the galactic dynamo theory and the primordial-origin theory, a major influence is exerted by the small-scale magnetic fluctuations. This article is devoted to constructing a systematic second-order statistical theory of such small-scale fields. The statistics of these fields are studied in the kinematic approximation and for the case of large Prandtl numbers, which is relevant for the galactic and protogalactic plasma. The advecting velocity field is assumed to be Gaussian and short-time correlated. Theoretical understanding of this kinematic dynamo model is a necessary prerequisite for any prospective nonlinear dynamo theory. The theory is developed for an arbitrary degree of compressibility and formally in d dimensions, which generalizes the previously known results, elicits the structure of the solutions, and uncovers a number of new effects. The magnetic energy spectra are studied as they grow and spread over scales during the initial stage of the field amplification. Exact Green's-function solutions are obtained. The spectral theory is supplemented by the study of magnetic-field correlation functions in the configuration space, where the dynamo problem can be mapped onto a particular one-dimensional quantum-mechanical problem. The latter approach is most suitable for the description of the kinematic dynamo in the long-time limit, i.e. when the magnetic excitation has spread over all scales present in the system. A simple way of calculating the growth rates of the magnetic fields in this long-time limit is proposed.

  8. The Analysis of Penumbral Fine Structure Using an Advanced Inversion Technique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jan Jur?ák; Luis Bellot Rubio; Kiyoshi Ichimoto; Yukio Katsukawa; Bruce Lites; Shin'ichi Nagata; Toshifumi Shimizu; Yoshinori Suematsu; Theodore Tarbell; Alan Title; Saku Tsuneta

    2007-07-11

    We present a method to study the penumbral fine structure using data obtained by the spectropolarimeter onboard HINODE. For the first time, the penumbral filaments can be considered as resolved in spectropolarimetric measurements. This enables us to use inversion codes with only one-component model atmospheres, and thus assign the obtained stratifications of plasma parameters directly to the penumbral fine structure. This approach is applied to the limb-side part of the penumbra in active region NOAA 10923. The preliminary results show a clear dependence of the plasma parameters on continuum intensity in the inner penumbra, i.e. weaker and horizontal magnetic field along with increased line-of-sight velocity are found in the low layers of the bright filaments. The results in the mid penumbra are ambiguous and future analyses are necessary to unveil the magnetic field structure and other plasma parameters there.

  9. Structural analysis of Cr aggregation in ferromagnetic semiconductor (Zn,Cr)Te

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kobayashi, H.; Yamawaki, K.; Nishio, Y.; Kanazawa, K.; Kuroda, S.; Mitome, M.; Bando, Y.

    2013-12-04

    The Cr aggregation in a ferromagnetic semiconductor (Zn,Cr)Te was studied by performing precise analyses using TEM and XRD of microscopic structure of the Cr-aggregated regions formed in iodine-doped Zn{sub 1?x}Cr{sub x}Te films with a relatively high Cr composition x ? 0.2. It was found that the Cr-aggregated regions are composed of Cr{sub 1??}Te nanocrystals of the hexagonal structure and these hexagonal precipitates are stacked preferentially on the (111)A plane of the zinc-blende (ZB) structure of the host ZnTe crystal with its c-axis nearly parallel to the (111){sub ZB} plane.

  10. A Massively Parallel Sparse Eigensolver for Structural Dynamics Finite Element Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Day, David M.; Reese, G.M.

    1999-05-01

    Eigenanalysis is a critical component of structural dynamics which is essential for determinating the vibrational response of systems. This effort addresses the development of numerical algorithms associated with scalable eigensolver techniques suitable for use on massively parallel, distributed memory computers that are capable of solving large scale structural dynamics problems. An iterative Lanczos method was determined to be the best choice for the application. Scalability of the eigenproblem depends on scalability of the underlying linear solver. A multi-level solver (FETI) was selected as most promising for this component. Issues relating to heterogeneous materials, mechanisms and multipoint constraints have been examined, and the linear solver algorithm has been developed to incorporate features that result in a scalable, robust algorithm for practical structural dynamics applications. The resulting tools have been demonstrated on large problems representative of a weapon's system.

  11. Dynamic structural analysis of a head assembly for a large loop-type LMFBR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kulak, R.F.; Fiala, C.

    1984-01-01

    An investigation is presented on the dynamic structural response of the primary vessel's head closure to slug impact loadings generated from a 1000 MJ source term. The reference reactor considered was designed in a loop configuration. The head structure consisted of a deck and a triple rotatable plug assembly. Two designs were considered for the deck structure: a reference design and an alternate design. The reference deck was designed as a single flat annular plate. For the alternate design, the deck plate was reinforced by adding an extender cylinder with a flange and flanged webs between the deck-plate and cylinder. The investigation showed that the reference design cannot maintain containment integrity when subjected to slug loading generated by a 1000 MJ source term. It was determined that the head deformed excessively.

  12. Ultrasmall-angle X-ray scattering analysis of photonic crystal structure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abramova, V. V.; Sinitskii, A. S.; Grigor'eva, N. A.; Grigor'ev, S. V.; Belov, D. V.; Petukhov, A. V.; Mistonov, A. A.; Vasil'eva, A. V.; Tret'yakov, Yu. D.

    2009-07-15

    The results of an ultrasmall-angle X-ray scattering study of iron(III) oxide inverse opal thin films are presented. The photonic crystals examined are shown to have fcc structure with amount of stacking faults varying among the samples. The method used in this study makes it possible to easily distinguish between samples with predominantly twinned fcc structure and nearly perfect fcc stacking. The difference observed between samples fabricated under identical conditions is attributed to random layer stacking in the self-assembled colloidal crystals used as templates for fabricating the inverse opals. The present method provides a versatile tool for analyzing photonic crystal structure in studies of inverse opals made of various materials, colloidal crystals, and three-dimensional photonic crystals of other types.

  13. X-rays structural analysis and thermal stability studies of the ternary compound {alpha}-AlFeSi

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roger, J.; Bosselet, F.; Viala, J.C.

    2011-05-15

    From literature data presently available, the decomposition temperature and the nature of the decomposition reaction of the ternary compound {alpha}-AlFeSi (also designated as {alpha}{sub H} or {tau}{sub 5}) are not clearly identified. Moreover, some uncertainties remain concerning its crystal structure. The crystallographic structure and thermochemical behaviour of the ternary compound {alpha}-AlFeSi were meticulously studied. The crystal structure of {alpha}-AlFeSi was examined at room temperature from X-ray single crystal intensity data. It presents hexagonal symmetry, space group P6{sub 3}/mmc with unit cell parameters (293 K) a=12.345(2) A and c=26.210(3) A (V=3459 A{sup 3}). The average chemical formula obtained from refinement is Al{sub 7.1}Fe{sub 2}Si. From isothermal reaction-diffusion experiments and Differential Thermal Analysis, the title compound decomposes peritectically upon heating into {theta}-Fe{sub 4}Al{sub 13}(Si), {gamma}-Al{sub 3}FeSi and a ternary Al-rich liquid. Under atmospheric pressure, the temperature of this reversible transformation has been determined to be 772{+-}12 {sup o}C. -- Graphical abstract: Partial representation of the crystal structure of the {alpha}-Al{sub 7.1}Fe{sub 2}Si compound. Display Omitted Highlights: The main findings of our work are: {yields} a detailed X-rays crystal structure determination of the ternary compound {alpha}-AlFeSi. {yields} The precision of the silicon atoms positions in the crystal structure. {yields} A precised determination of the decomposition temperature of this compound.

  14. Can flat-ramp-flat fault geometry be inferred from fold shape?: A comparison of kinematic and mechanical folds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Savage, Heather M.

    in the suprajacent fold shapes. Differences between the kinematic and mechanical fault-fold relationships highlight rights reserved. Keywords: Fault-bend folding; Mechanical models; Kinematic models; Fault geometry and mechanical models have been used to analyze fault-cored folds. Kinematic models, which balance the geometry

  15. BANYAN. II. Very low mass and substellar candidate members to nearby, young kinematic groups with previously known signs of youth

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gagné, Jonathan; Lafrenière, David; Doyon, René; Malo, Lison; Artigau, Étienne

    2014-03-10

    We present Bayesian Analysis for Nearby Young AssociatioNs II (BANYAN II), a modified Bayesian analysis for assessing the membership of later-than-M5 objects to any of several Nearby Young Associations (NYAs). In addition to using kinematic information (from sky position and proper motion), this analysis exploits 2MASS-WISE color-magnitude diagrams in which old and young objects follow distinct sequences. As an improvement over our earlier work, the spatial and kinematic distributions for each association are now modeled as ellipsoids whose axes need not be aligned with the Galactic coordinate axes, and we use prior probabilities matching the expected populations of the NYAs considered versus field stars. We present an extensive contamination analysis to characterize the performance of our new method. We find that Bayesian probabilities are generally representative of contamination rates, except when a parallax measurement is considered. In this case contamination rates become significantly smaller and hence Bayesian probabilities for NYA memberships are pessimistic. We apply this new algorithm to a sample of 158 objects from the literature that are either known to display spectroscopic signs of youth or have unusually red near-infrared colors for their spectral type. Based on our analysis, we identify 25 objects as new highly probable candidates to NYAs, including a new M7.5 bona fide member to Tucana-Horologium, making it the latest-type member. In addition, we reveal that a known L2? dwarf is co-moving with a bright M5 dwarf, and we show for the first time that two of the currently known ultra red L dwarfs are strong candidates to the AB Doradus moving group. Several objects identified here as highly probable members to NYAs could be free-floating planetary-mass objects if their membership is confirmed.

  16. SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL Lipid bilayer structure determined by the simultaneous analysis of neutron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagle, John F.

    scattering intensities I(q) for both neutrons and x-rays using )()()()( qPqPqIqF TSLC= , (1.) where PLC in structure between oriented and spherical bilayers experimentally using both neutron and x-ray scattering in (2). Our study concluded no difference between the two for x-ray and neutron scattering data

  17. An Efficient Nonlinear Structural Dynamics Solver for Use in Computational Aeroelastic Analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freno, Brian Andrew

    2011-08-08

    . Ultimately, these equations are coupled with a uid dynamics solver to provide a structurally e cient aeroelastic program. v ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I would like to thank my advisor, Dr. Paul Cizmas as well as the members of my committee. I was fortunate to have... and unending support. They are the reason for my success. vi TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : iii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : v TABLE...

  18. On the Use of Structural Petri Net Analysis for Studying Product Form Equilibrium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gribaudo, Marco

    relations between the Petri net formalism and the queueing networks with blocking. This type of queueing that the representation of these queueing networks by means of Generalized Stochastic Petri Nets offers the possibility equilibrium distributions for queueing networks with block- ing by means of structural Petri net results. More

  19. Progress in the analysis of membrane protein structure and function P.J.L. Wertena

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Groot, Bert

    proteins in a two-dimensional protein^ lipid membrane, allowing its atomic structure to be determined: Membrane protein expression; Two-dimensional crystallization; Atomic force microscopy; Three-dimensional- sulinemia, nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, congestive heart failure, liver cirrhosis, cystic ¢brosis, hyper

  20. THE STATUS OF STRUCTURAL GENOMICS DEFINED THROUGH THE ANALYSIS OF CURRENT TARGETS AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krebs, Werner G.

    on to the human genome project. This is interpreted to mean a large-scale project, with scientific, engineering of the human genome project were relatively well defined ­ sequence the 3 billion nucleotides comprising the human #12;genome and define all open reading frames ­ the goals advanced for structural genomics

  1. Thermal analysis of tank 241-SY-101 to support structural assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beaver, T.R.

    1994-10-14

    This report documents a thermal model of tank 241-SY-101 and the surrounding soil column that was used to predict tank temperatures resulting from heating of the annulus ventilation air. Transient results from the model were input to a structural model of the tank for evaluation of the annulus heat-up event.

  2. Structure-based methods for the phylogenetic analysis of ribosomal RNA molecules 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gillespie, Joseph James

    2005-11-01

    fasciata, F. Lamprosoma sp., G. Metaxyonycha panamensis, H. Neolochmaea dilatipennis, I. Pyrrhalta aenescens J. Thailand specimen 11, K. Walterianella bucki ..................... 17 5 A gallery of diverse secondary structure diagrams from..., E. Epitrix fasciata, F. Lamprosoma sp., G. Metaxyonycha panamensis, H. Neolochmaea dilatipennis, I. Pyrrhalta aenescens J. Thailand specimen 11, K. Walterianella bucki, L. Eucerotoma sp. 344......................................... 18...

  3. Subdivision based Isogeometric Analysis technique for Electric Field Integral Equations for Simply Connected Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jie; Liu, Beibei; Tong, Yiying; Shanker, Balasubramaniam

    2015-01-01

    The analysis of electromagnetic scattering has long been performed on a discrete representation of the geometry. This representation is typically continuous but {\\em not} differentiable. The need to define physical quantities on this geometric representation has led to development of sets of basis functions that need to satisfy constraints at the boundaries of the elements/tesselations (viz., continuity of normal or tangential components across element boundaries). For electromagnetics, these result in either curl/div-conforming basis sets. The geometric representation used for analysis is in stark contrast with that used for design, wherein the surface representation is higher order differentiable. Using this representation for {\\em both} geometry and physics on geometry has several advantages, and is eludicated in Hughes et al., Isogeometric analysis: CAD, finite elements, NURBS, exact geometry and mesh refinement, Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering 194 (39-41) (2005). Until now, a bulk o...

  4. Structure analysis of aluminium silicon manganese nitride precipitates formed in grain-oriented electrical steels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bernier, Nicolas, E-mail: n.bernier@yahoo.fr [OCAS N.V., ArcelorMittal Global R and D Gent, Pres. J.F. Kennedylaan 3, 9060 Zelzate (Belgium); Xhoffer, Chris [OCAS N.V., ArcelorMittal Global R and D Gent, Pres. J.F. Kennedylaan 3, 9060 Zelzate (Belgium); Van De Putte, Tom, E-mail: tom.vandeputte@arcelormittal.com [OCAS N.V., ArcelorMittal Global R and D Gent, Pres. J.F. Kennedylaan 3, 9060 Zelzate (Belgium); Galceran, Montserrat [Université Libre de Bruxelles, 4MAT (Materials Engineering, Characterization, Synthesis and Recycling), Avenue F.D. Roosevelt 50, 1050 Brussels (Belgium); CIC Energigune, Albert Einstein 48, 01510 Miñano (Álava) (Spain); Godet, Stéphane [Université Libre de Bruxelles, 4MAT (Materials Engineering, Characterization, Synthesis and Recycling), Avenue F.D. Roosevelt 50, 1050 Brussels (Belgium)

    2013-12-15

    We report a detailed structural and chemical characterisation of aluminium silicon manganese nitrides that act as grain growth inhibitors in industrially processed grain-oriented (GO) electrical steels. The compounds are characterised using energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDX) and energy filtered transmission electron microscopy (EFTEM), while their crystal structures are analysed using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and TEM in electron diffraction (ED), dark-field, high-resolution and automated crystallographic orientation mapping (ACOM) modes. The chemical bonding character is determined using electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS). Despite the wide variation in composition, all the precipitates exhibit a hexagonal close-packed (h.c.p.) crystal structure and lattice parameters of aluminium nitride. The EDX measurement of ? 900 stoichiometrically different precipitates indicates intermediate structures between pure aluminium nitride and pure silicon manganese nitride, with a constant Si/Mn atomic ratio of ? 4. It is demonstrated that aluminium and silicon are interchangeably precipitated with the same local arrangement, while both Mn{sup 2+} and Mn{sup 3+} are incorporated in the h.c.p. silicon nitride interstitial sites. The oxidation of the silicon manganese nitrides most likely originates from the incorporation of oxygen during the decarburisation annealing process, thus creating extended planar defects such as stacking faults and inversion domain boundaries. The chemical composition of the inhibitors may be written as (AlN){sub x}(SiMn{sub 0.25}N{sub y}O{sub z}){sub 1?x} with x ranging from 0 to 1. - Highlights: • We study the structure of (Al,Si,Mn)N inhibitors in grain oriented electrical steels. • Inhibitors have the hexagonal close-packed symmetry with lattice parameters of AlN. • Inhibitors are intermediate structures between pure AlN and (Si,Mn)N with Si/Mn ? 4. • Al and Si share the same local arrangement; Mn is incorporated in both Mn{sup 2+} and Mn{sup 3+}. • Oxygen incorporation is invoked to account for the thermal stability of (Al,Si,Mn)N.

  5. Combining Functional and Structural Reasoning for Safety Analysis of Electrical Designs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snooke, Neal

    in detail. FLAME has been developed over several years, and is capable of composing an FMEA report for many Failure mode effects analysis (FMEA) of a design involves the investigation and assessment of the effects, electronic and mechanical systems are being combined in safety-critical applications. Automation of FMEA

  6. The structural sensitivity of open shear flows calculated with a local stability analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Juniper, Matthew P.; Pier, Benoit

    2014-01-01

    calculated with 2D or 3D global stability analyses, which can be very computationally expensive. For weakly non-parallel flows the direct global mode can also be calculated with a local stability analysis, which is orders of magnitude cheaper...

  7. Investigating the Structure and Process of Academic Emphasis on Student Achievement: A Multi-Level Analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barron, James Bakewell

    2014-04-17

    analysis to determine the relationship between the level of academic emphasis and the environmental social context of the school. The samples of 10,464 students from the 97 campuses represent some of the largest and most diverse school districts in Texas...

  8. Structural analysis of fuel assembly clads for the Upgraded Transient Reactor Test Facility (TREAT Upgrade)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ewing, T.F.; Wu, T.S.

    1986-01-01

    The Upgraded Transient Reactor Test Facility (TREAT Upgrade) is designed to test full-length, pre-irradiated fuel pins of the type used in large LMFBRs under accident conditions, such as severe transient overpower and loss-of-coolant accidents. In TREAT Upgrade, the central core region is to contain new fuel assemblies of higher fissile loadings to maximize the energy deposition to the test fuel. These fuel assemblies must withstand normal peak clad temperatures of 850/sup 0/C for hundreds of test transients. Due to high temperatures and gradients predicted in the clad, creep and plastic strain effects are significant, and the clad structural behavior cannot be analyzed by conventional linear techniques. Instead, the detailed elastic-plastic-creep behavior must be followed along the time-dependent load history. This paper presents details of the structural evaluations of the conceptual TREAT Upgrade fuel assembly clads.

  9. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics H.J. Sutherland, "Preliminary Analysis of the Structural and Inflow Data from the List Turbine", 2001 ASME Wind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the Structural and Inflow Data from the List Turbine", 2001 ASME Wind Energy Symposium, AIAA/ASME 2001, pp. 173-183. PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS OF THE STRUCTURAL AND INFLOW DATA FROM THE LIST TURBINE* Herbert J. Sutherland Sandia the extreme loads on wind turbines. A heavily instrumented Micon 65/13M turbine with SERI 8m blades is being

  10. ON THE DAMAGE DIAGNOSIS BASED ON STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS DATA Kai-Uwe Schroder1, Andreas Preisler1, Christoph Viechtbauer23, Martin Schagerl23

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ON THE DAMAGE DIAGNOSIS BASED ON STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS DATA Kai-Uwe Schr¨oder1, Andreas Preisler1. This is due to the fact that common SHM approaches monitor the entire structure on all kind of damages in order to obtain all eventualities of damage. The idea of this contribution is to use the information

  11. 248 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUTOMATION SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, VOL. 3, NO. 3, JULY 2006 A Novel Design and Analysis of a 2-DOF Compliant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yangmin

    --Compliant mechanisms, finite-element analysis, kinematic optimization, nanomanipulation, parallel mechanisms. I kinematic modelings are established, and afterwards, statics analysis is performed. In view of the physical Design and Analysis of a 2-DOF Compliant Parallel Micromanipulator for Nanomanipulation Yangmin Li

  12. Synthesis, Structural Analysis, and Biological Evaluation of Thioxoquinazoline Derivatives as Phosphodiesterase 7 Inhibitors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Castano, T.; Wang, H; Campillo, N; Ballester, S; Gonzalez-Garcia, C; Hernandez, J; Perez, C; Cuenca, J; Perez-Castillo, A; et. al.

    2009-01-01

    PDE7 inhibitors regulate pro-inflammatory and immune T-cell functions, and are a potentially novel class of drugs particularly useful for treatment of a wide variety of immune and inflammatory disorders. Structural optimization of thioxoquinazoline derivatives led to new compounds with very interesting profiles as PDE7 or PDE7/PDE4 dual inhibitors, which may be further developed as new drugs for inflammatory and neurological diseases.

  13. Quantum-information analysis of electronic states of different molecular structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barcza, G.; Legeza, Oe.; Marti, K. H.; Reiher, M. [Fachbereich Physik, Philipps-Universitaet Marburg, D-35032 Marburg (Germany); Research Institute for Solid State Physics and Optics, H-1525 Budapest, P. O. Box 49 (Hungary); Laboratorium fuer Physikalische Chemie, ETH Zurich, CH-8093 Zurich (Switzerland)

    2011-01-15

    We have studied transition metal clusters from a quantum information theory perspective using the density-matrix renormalization group (DMRG) method. We demonstrate the competition between entanglement and interaction localization and discuss the application of the configuration interaction-based dynamically extended active space procedure, which significantly reduces the effective system size and accelerates the speed of convergence for complicated molecular electronic structures. Our results indicate the importance of taking entanglement among molecular orbitals into account in order to devise an optimal DMRG orbital ordering and carry out efficient calculations on transition metal clusters. Apart from these algorithmic observations, which lead to a recipe for black-box DMRG calculations, our work provides physical understanding of electron correlation in molecular and cluster structures in terms of entropy measures of relevance also to recent work on tensor-network representations of electronic states. We also identify those molecular orbitals which are highly entangled and discuss the consequences for chemical bonding and for the structural transition from an dioxygen binding copper cluster to an bis-oxygen-bridged system with broken O-O bond.

  14. Structure determination and analysis of a haemolytic gingipain adhesin domain from Porphyromonas gingivalis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, N.; Yun, P.; Nadkarni, M.A.; Ghadikolaee, N.B.; Nguyen, K.A.; Lee, M.; Hunter, N.; Collyer, C.A. (Sydney)

    2010-08-27

    Porphyromonas gingivalis is an obligately anaerobic bacterium recognized as an aetiological agent of adult periodontitis. P. gingivalis produces cysteine proteinases, the gingipains. The crystal structure of a domain within the haemagglutinin region of the lysine gingipain (Kgp) is reported here. The domain was named K2 as it is the second of three homologous structural modules in Kgp. The K2 domain structure is a 'jelly-roll' fold with two anti-parallel {beta}-sheets. This fold topology is shared with adhesive domains from functionally diverse receptors such as MAM domains, ephrin receptor ligand binding domains and a number of carbohydrate binding modules. Possible functions of K2 were investigated. K2 induced haemolysis of erythrocytes in a dose-dependent manner that was augmented by the blocking of anion transport. Further, cysteine-activated arginine gingipain RgpB, which degrades glycophorin A, sensitized erythrocytes to the haemolytic effect of K2. Cleaved K2, similar to that found in extracted Kgp, lacks the haemolytic activity indicating that autolysis of Kgp may be a staged process which is artificially enhanced by extraction of the protein. The data indicate a functional role for K2 in the integrated capacity conferred by Kgp to enable the porphyrin auxotroph P. gingivalis to capture essential haem from erythrocytes.

  15. Multi-Dimensional Astrophysical Structural and Dynamical Analysis I. Development of a Nonlinear Finite Element Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David L. Meier

    1998-11-10

    A new field of numerical astrophysics is introduced which addresses the solution of large, multidimensional structural or slowly-evolving problems (rotating stars, interacting binaries, thick advective accretion disks, four dimensional spacetimes, etc.). The technique employed is the Finite Element Method (FEM), commonly used to solve engineering structural problems. The approach developed herein has the following key features: 1. The computational mesh can extend into the time dimension, as well as space, perhaps only a few cells, or throughout spacetime. 2. Virtually all equations describing the astrophysics of continuous media, including the field equations, can be written in a compact form similar to that routinely solved by most engineering finite element codes. 3. The transformations that occur naturally in the four-dimensional FEM possess both coordinate and boost features, such that (a) although the computational mesh may have a complex, non-analytic, curvilinear structure, the physical equations still can be written in a simple coordinate system independent of the mesh geometry. (b) if the mesh has a complex flow velocity with respect to coordinate space, the transformations will form the proper arbitrary Lagrangian- Eulerian advective derivatives automatically. 4. The complex difference equations on the arbitrary curvilinear grid are generated automatically from encoded differential equations. This first paper concentrates on developing a robust and widely-applicable set of techniques using the nonlinear FEM and presents some examples.

  16. Structural and functional analysis of human HtrA3 protease and its subdomains

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Glaza, Przemyslaw; Osipiuk, Jerzy; Wenta, Tomasz; Zurawa-Janicka, Dorota; Jarzab, Miroslaw; Lesner, Adam; Banecki, Bogdan; Skorko-Glonek, Joanna; Joachimiak, Andrzej; Lipinska, Barbara; et al

    2015-06-25

    Human HtrA3 protease, which induces mitochondria-mediated apoptosis, can be a tumor suppressor and a potential therapeutic target in the treatment of cancer. However, there is little information about its structure and biochemical properties. HtrA3 is composed of an N-terminal domain not required for proteolytic activity, a central serine protease domain and a C-terminal PDZ domain. HtrA3S, its short natural isoform, lacks the PDZ domain which is substituted by a stretch of 7 C-terminal amino acid residues, unique for this isoform. This paper presents the crystal structure of the HtrA3 protease domain together with the PDZ domain (?N-HtrA3), showing that themore »protein forms a trimer whose protease domains are similar to those of human HtrA1 and HtrA2. The ?N-HtrA3 PDZ domains are placed in a position intermediate between that in the flat saucer-like HtrA1 SAXS structure and the compact pyramidal HtrA2 X-ray structure. The PDZ domain interacts closely with the LB loop of the protease domain in a way not found in other human HtrAs. ?N-HtrA3 with the PDZ removed (?N-HtrA3-?PDZ) and an N-terminally truncated HtrA3S (?N-HtrA3S) were fully active at a wide range of temperatures and their substrate affinity was not impaired. This indicates that the PDZ domain is dispensable for HtrA3 activity. As determined by size exclusion chromatography, ?N-HtrA3 formed stable trimers while both ?N-HtrA3-?PDZ and ?N-HtrA3S were monomeric. This suggests that the presence of the PDZ domain, unlike in HtrA1 and HtrA2, influences HtrA3 trimer formation. The unique C-terminal sequence of ?N-HtrA3S appeared to have little effect on activity and oligomerization. Additionally, we examined the cleavage specificity of ?N-HtrA3. Results reported in this paper provide new insights into the structure and function of ?N-HtrA3, which seems to have a unique combination of features among human HtrA proteases.« less

  17. Structural investigations of Great Basin geothermal fields: Applications and implications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Faulds, James E; Hinz, Nicholas H.; Coolbaugh, Mark F

    2010-11-01

    Because fractures and faults are commonly the primary pathway for deeply circulating hydrothermal fluids, structural studies are critical to assessing geothermal systems and selecting drilling targets for geothermal wells. Important tools for structural analysis include detailed geologic mapping, kinematic analysis of faults, and estimations of stress orientations. Structural assessments are especially useful for evaluating geothermal fields in the Great Basin of the western USA, where regional extension and transtension combine with high heat flow to generate abundant geothermal activity in regions having little recent volcanic activity. The northwestern Great Basin is one of the most geothermally active areas in the USA. The prolific geothermal activity is probably due to enhanced dilation on N- to NNE-striking normal faults induced by a transfer of NW-directed dextral shear from the Walker Lane to NW-directed extension. Analysis of several geothermal fields suggests that most systems occupy discrete steps in normal fault zones or lie in belts of intersecting, overlapping, and/or terminating faults. Most fields are associated with steeply dipping faults and, in many cases, with Quaternary faults. The structural settings favoring geothermal activity are characterized by subvertical conduits of highly fractured rock along fault zones oriented approximately perpendicular to the WNW-trending least principal stress. Features indicative of these settings that may be helpful in guiding exploration for geothermal resources include major steps in normal faults, interbasinal highs, groups of relatively low discontinuous ridges, and lateral jogs or terminations of mountain ranges.

  18. Seismic Performance Evaluation of the Jacket Type Offshore Platforms through Incremental Dynamic Analysis considering Soil-Pile-Structure Interaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Asgarian, Behrouz [K.N. Toosi University of Technology Tehran Iran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Shokrgozar, Hamed R.; Talarposhti, Ali Shakeri [K.N. Toosi University of Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2008-07-08

    Of great interest in Performance-Based Earthquake Engineering (PBEE) is the accurate estimation of the seismic performance of structures. A performance prediction and evaluation procedure is based on nonlinear dynamics and reliability theory. In this method, a full integration over the three key stochastic models is as follow: ground motion hazard curve, nonlinear dynamic displacement demand, and displacement capacity. Further, both epistemic and aleatory uncertainties are evaluated and carried through the analysis.In this paper, jacket and soil-pile system have been modeled using Finite Element program (OpenSees) and the incremental dynamic analysis (IDA) are performed to investigate nonlinear behavior of offshore platforms. The system demand is determined by performing time history response analyses of the jacket under a suite of FEMA/SAC uniform hazard ground motions. The system capacity in terms of the drift ratio against incipient collapse is generally difficult to predict since the structural response goes into nonlinear range before collapse. All the analyses are performed in two directions and the results are compared with each others. The confidence level of a jacket in each direction for a given hazard level is calculated using the procedure described.

  19. Scanning capacitance spectroscopy of an AlxGa1xNGaN heterostructure field-effect transistor structure: Analysis of probe tip effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Edward T.

    are recorded as a function probe position. While qualitative interpretation of SCM images and SCS spectra structure: Analysis of probe tip effects D. M. Schaadt and E. T. Yua) Department of Electrical and Computer is in many instances well un- derstood, quantitative interpretation of SCM results requires careful analysis

  20. Neural network system and methods for analysis of organic materials and structures using spectral data

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Meyer, B.J.; Sellers, J.P.; Thomsen, J.U.

    1993-06-08

    Apparatus and processes are described for recognizing and identifying materials. Characteristic spectra are obtained for the materials via spectroscopy techniques including nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, infrared absorption analysis, x-ray analysis, mass spectroscopy and gas chromatography. Desired portions of the spectra may be selected and then placed in proper form and format for presentation to a number of input layer neurons in an offline neural network. The network is first trained according to a predetermined training process; it may then be employed to identify particular materials. Such apparatus and processes are particularly useful for recognizing and identifying organic compounds such as complex carbohydrates, whose spectra conventionally require a high level of training and many hours of hard work to identify, and are frequently indistinguishable from one another by human interpretation.

  1. Neural network system and methods for analysis of organic materials and structures using spectral data

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Meyer, Bernd J. (Athens, GA); Sellers, Jeffrey P. (Suwanee, GA); Thomsen, Jan U. (Fredricksberg, DK)

    1993-01-01

    Apparatus and processes for recognizing and identifying materials. Characteristic spectra are obtained for the materials via spectroscopy techniques including nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, infrared absorption analysis, x-ray analysis, mass spectroscopy and gas chromatography. Desired portions of the spectra may be selected and then placed in proper form and format for presentation to a number of input layer neurons in an offline neural network. The network is first trained according to a predetermined training process; it may then be employed to identify particular materials. Such apparatus and processes are particularly useful for recognizing and identifying organic compounds such as complex carbohydrates, whose spectra conventionally require a high level of training and many hours of hard work to identify, and are frequently indistinguishable from one another by human interpretation.

  2. The rhetorical structure of the southern lady: an analysis of the myth of southern womanhood 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Givens, Vonda Ka

    1994-01-01

    examined. Analysis looks at the use of upper-class white southern women in films, with special focus on Gone wi th the Wind, its characterization of Scarlett O' Hara, and the characterization of women in subsequent plantation-story films. It is argued...-1993. 113 Plantation-Story Films: 1940-1993. Mythological Implications. . . . . . . . . Final Thoughts. 122 154 164 CONCLUSION: THE MYTH OF SOUTHERN WOMANHOOD FROM THE NINETEENTH TO THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY 167 Beyond the Twentieth Century 169...

  3. Variance analysis in the quality control of ready mixed concrete in a major structure 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valle Aguilar, Jorge Luis

    1984-01-01

    of strength variations in concrete Fly ash in ready mixed concrete Statistical Inference Hypothesis testing . Analysis of variance Duality control charts Linear regression and correlation Page 10 12 15 17 18 19 20 22 24 24 24 26 27 CHAPTER... Comparison of variances (o') for different ready mixed plants Comparison of means (X) and variances (o'). Comparison of means (7J) and variances (o') for various mix designs, f'c = 3000 psi Comparison of means (X) and variances (o') for mix designs...

  4. Connection between inner jet kinematics and broadband flux variability in the BL Lac object S5 0716+714

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rani, B; Marscher, A P; Hodgson, J A; Fuhrmann, L; Angelakis, E; Britzen, S; Zensus, J A

    2015-01-01

    We present a high-frequency very long baseline interferometry (VLBI) kinematical study of the BL Lac object S5 0716+714 over the time period of September 2008 to October 2010. The aim of the study is to investigate the relation of the jet kinematics to the observed broadband flux variability. We find significant non-radial motions in the jet outflow of the source. In the radial direction, the highest measured apparent speed is \\sim37 c, which is exceptionally high, especially for a BL Lac object. Patterns in the jet flow reveal a roughly stationary feature \\sim0.15 mas downstream of the core. The long-term fits to the component trajectories reveal acceleration in the sub-mas region of the jet. The measured brightness temperature, T_{B}, follows a continuous trend of decline with distance, T_B \\propto r_{jet}^{-(2.36\\pm0.41)}, which suggests a gradient in Doppler factor along the jet axis. Our analysis suggest that a moving disturbance (or a shock wave) from the base of the jet produces the high-energy (optica...

  5. Kinematics of the H2O masers at the centre of the PN K3-35

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Uscanga; Y. Gómez; A. C. Raga; J. Cantó; G. Anglada; J. F. Gómez; J. M. Torrelles; L. F. Miranda

    2008-08-28

    We have studied the kinematics traced by the water masers located at the centre of the planetary nebula (PN) K3-35, using data from previous Very Large Array (VLA) observations. An analysis of the spatial distribution and line-of-sight velocities of the maser spots allows us to identify typical patterns of a rotating and expanding ring in the position-velocity diagrams, according to our kinematical model. We find that the distribution of the masers is compatible with tracing a circular ring with a ~0.021 arcsec (~100 AU) radius, observed with an inclination angle with respect to the line of sight of 55 degrees. We derive expansion and rotation velocities of 1.4 and 3.1 km/s, respectively. The orientation of the ring projected on the plane of the sky, at PA 158 degrees, is almost orthogonal to the direction of the innermost region of the jet observed in K3-35, suggesting the presence of a disc or torus that may be related to the collimation of the outflow.

  6. Why baryons matter: The kinematics of dwarf spheroidal satellites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brooks, Alyson M. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 475 North Charter Street, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Zolotov, Adi, E-mail: abrooks@physics.rutgers.edu, E-mail: zolotov@physics.huji.ac.il [Racah Institute of Physics, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91904 (Israel)

    2014-05-10

    We use high-resolution cosmological simulations of Milky Way (MW) mass galaxies that include both baryons and dark matter (DM) to show that baryonic physics (energetic feedback from supernovae and subsequent tidal stripping) significantly reduces the DM mass in the central regions of luminous satellite galaxies. The reduced central masses of the simulated satellites reproduce the observed internal dynamics of MW and M31 satellites as a function of luminosity. We use these realistic satellites to update predictions for the observed velocity and luminosity functions of satellites around MW-mass galaxies when baryonic effects are accounted for. We also predict that field dwarf galaxies in the same luminosity range as the MW classical satellites should not exhibit velocities as low as the satellites because the field dwarfs do not experience tidal stripping. Additionally, the early formation times of the satellites compared to field galaxies at the same luminosity may be apparent in the star formation histories of the two populations. Including baryonic physics in cold dark matter (CDM) models naturally explains the observed low DM densities in the MWs dwarf spheroidal population. Our simulations therefore resolve the tension between kinematics predicted in CDM theory and observations of satellites, without invoking alternative forms of DM.

  7. Kinematics of Spiral Arm Streaming in M51

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rahul Shetty; Stuart N. Vogel; Eve C. Ostriker; Peter J. Teuben

    2007-05-22

    We use CO and H alpha velocity fields to study the gas kinematics in the spiral arms and interarms of M51 (NGC 5194), and fit the 2D velocity field to estimate the radial and tangential velocity components as a function of spiral phase (arm distance). We find large radial and tangential streaming velocities, which are qualitatively consistent with the predictions of density wave theory and support the existence of shocks. The streaming motions are complex, varying significantly across the galaxy as well as along and between arms. Aberrations in the velocity field indicate that the disk is not coplanar, perhaps as far in as 20\\arcsec\\ (800 pc) from the center. Velocity profile fits from CO and H alpha are typically similar, suggesting that most of the H alpha emission originates from regions of recent star formation. We also explore vortensity and mass conservation conditions. Vortensity conservation, which does not require a steady state, is empirically verified. The velocity and density profiles show large and varying mass fluxes, which are inconsistent with a steady flow for a single dominant global spiral mode. We thus conclude that the spiral arms cannot be in a quasi-steady state in any rotating frame, and/or that out of plane motions may be significant.

  8. Magnetic field structures of galaxies derived from analysis of Faraday rotation measures, and perspectives for the SKA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodion Stepanov; Tigran G. Arshakian; Rainer Beck; Peter Frick; Marita Krause

    2008-01-21

    The forthcoming new-generation radio telescope SKA (Square Kilometre Array) and its precursors will provide a rapidly growing number of polarized radio sources. Our analysis aims on what can be learned from these sources concerning the structure and evolution of magnetic fields of external galaxies. Recognition of magnetic structures is possible from Faraday rotation measures (${\\rm RM}$) towards background sources behind galaxies. We construct models for the ionized gas and magnetic field patterns of different azimuthal symmetry (axisymmetric, bisymmetric and quadrisymmetric spiral, and superpositions) plus a halo magnetic field. $\\RM$ fluctuations with a Kolmogorov spectrum due to turbulent fields and/or fluctuations in ionized gas density are superimposed. Assuming extrapolated number density counts of polarized sources, we generate a sample of $\\RM$ values within the solid angle of the galaxy. Applying various templates, we derive the minimum number of background sources and the minimum quality of the observations. For a large number of sources, reconstruction of the field structure without precognition becomes possible. Any large-scale regular component of the magnetic field can be clearly recognized from $\\RM$ data with help of the $\\chi^2$ criterium. Under favourite conditions, about a few dozens of polarized sources are sufficient for a reliable result.

  9. Tectonic history and analysis of structures in eastern Kansas and western Missouri

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berendsen, P.; Wilson, F.W. . Kansas Geological Survey)

    1993-03-01

    Orogenic events in and around the midcontinent in Proterozoic time were responsible for the formation of the dominant master set of younger northeast- and older northwest-trending faults that dominate the structure of the area today. Reactivation of these faults throughout geologic time gave rise to tectonic zones consisting of sets of anastomosing faults or other complex patterns. These zones are likely important in helping to determine the configuration of major uplifts and basins that involve the crust. The Nemaha tectonic zone defines the western boundary of both the Forest City and Cherokee basins, while a structural block delineated by the Chesapeake and Bolivar-Mansfield regional faults coincides with the approximate position of the Bourbon Arch, which is reflected in the thickness of Mississippian carbonate rocks. Rocks of the Ozark uplift began to be uplifted by the end of Maquoketa time. The uplift has historically been described as a landform, rather than a geologic structure. Hence, the extent and the boundaries of the uplift are ill-defined. The northeast-trending line forming the contact between Mississippian and Pennsylvanian rocks is commonly regarded as the western boundary. This boundary coincides with a major tectonic zone, extending northeastward from Oklahoma through Kansas and Missouri into at least southern Iowa. In the Tri-State area of Kansas, Oklahoma, and Missouri the zone is referred to as the Miami trough and features prominently in the localization of major ore deposits. This zone may then also be regarded as the eastern boundary of the Forest City and Cherokee basins.

  10. The study of the photon structure function at the ILC energy range

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Krupa; T. Wojto?; L. Zawiejski

    2015-03-26

    At the future $e^{+}e^{-}$ linear collider ILC/CLIC it will be able to measure the photon structure functions in a wider range of kinematic variables x and $Q^{2}$ in comparison to the previous results of experiments at LEP. The classical way to measure the photon structure functions is the study of $e^{+}e^{-} \\rightarrow e^{+}e^{-} {\\gamma}{\\gamma} \\rightarrow e^{+}e^{-}$ X process, where X is the leptonic or hadronic final state. For the study of the QED and hadronic photon structure functions the simulations of two-photon processes were performed at the ILC center-of-mass energy equal to 500 GeV using the PYTHIA and the ILCSoft package. The analysis used information related to the forward detectors, tracking detectors and calorimeters which are parts of the ILD detector concept.

  11. The accuracy, stability and convergence characteristics of solution procedures for nonlinear structural analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malek, Michele

    1974-01-01

    causes a large change in displacement, then the solution is likely to become unstable. However, if the structure stiffens as the load is increased then the solution will be stable. 28 aK NL, O fI q a. Unstabl. e Solution aK . o gq b. Stable... of stability is evident when the fourth-order Milne predictor-corrector equations are used to solve a simple first order linear differential equation. The Milne predictor equation is given by 33 q. =- q. + ?, dP [2g(q. ) ? g(q. , ) + 2g(q. )] 4 (III-30...

  12. Structure analysis of O,O’-propane-1,3-diyl bis[diphenyl(phosphinothioate)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karaman, M.; Irisli, S.; Büyükgüngör, O.

    2013-12-15

    A new diphosphine disulphide compound with the formula C{sub 27}H{sub 26}O{sub 2} vertical bar P{sub 2}S{sub 2}, was synthesized from the reaction between PPh{sub 2}SCl and 1,3-propanediol and characterized with different spectroscopic methods. Its structure has also been studied by X-ray diffraction. The compound crystallizes in the triclinic space group P-bar1. Pentavalent phosphorus atoms in the molecule are in distorted tetrahedral environments.

  13. Networks of silicon nanowires: A large-scale atomistic electronic structure analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kele?, Ümit; Bulutay, Ceyhun; Liedke, Bartosz; Heinig, Karl-Heinz

    2013-11-11

    Networks of silicon nanowires possess intriguing electronic properties surpassing the predictions based on quantum confinement of individual nanowires. Employing large-scale atomistic pseudopotential computations, as yet unexplored branched nanostructures are investigated in the subsystem level as well as in full assembly. The end product is a simple but versatile expression for the bandgap and band edge alignments of multiply-crossing Si nanowires for various diameters, number of crossings, and wire orientations. Further progress along this line can potentially topple the bottom-up approach for Si nanowire networks to a top-down design by starting with functionality and leading to an enabling structure.

  14. Visualisation and graph-theoretic analysis of a large-scale protein structural interactome

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolser, Dan M.; Dafas, Panos; Harrington, Richard; Park, Jong; Schroeder, Michael

    2003-10-08

    –domain interactions occur in this approximate distance range (between 4 and 5 Ang- stroms). Using a contact threshold of 5 is very discrimina- tive at the 4 Angstroms distance threshold, so the "5 by 5 rule" (defined previously [20]) is a reasonably safe choice... to the above measures (how diverse is the interaction network in nature)? The last question is particularly relevant for PSIMAP, as it is based on a reliable definition of homology applied to all the available multi-domain protein structures in the PDB. PSIMAP...

  15. Master's Thesis Development and Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daraio, Chiara

    Master's Thesis Development and Analysis of a Self-Stable, One-Legged Hopping Robot Author: Fabio was realized by using a Newtonian kinematic impact- and a Coulomb frictional law. Subsequently, a prototype to be a highly useful parameter in terms of efficiency- and stability analysis. Further- more, stable hopping

  16. Impact and structural analysis of the INEL 55 gallon recycled shielded storage container

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richins, W.D.

    1996-07-01

    The INEL Recycled Shielded Storage Containers (RSSC) are designed primarily for the transportation and storage of mixed RH-TRU solid waste using recycled, potentially contaminated lead and stainless steel construction materials. Two versions of the RSSC have been developed accommodating either 30 or 55 gallon drums. This report addresses the structural qualification of the 55 gallon version of the RSSC to DOT 7A Type A requirements. The controlling qualification test is a 4 ft drop onto a rigid surface. During and after this test, the container contents must remain within the container and shielding must not be reduced. The container is also designed to withstand stacking, internal pressure, lifting loads, tiedown failure, penetration, and a range of temperatures. Nonlinear dynamic finite element analyses were performed using a range of material properties. Loads in the major connections and strains in the stainless steel and lead were monitored as a function of time during impact analyses for three simulated drop orientations. Initial results were used to develop the final design. For the final design, the stainless steel and lead have maximum strains well below ultimate levels except at an impact corner where additional deformation is acceptable. The predicted loads in the connections indicate that some yielding will occur but the containment and shielding will remain intact. The results presented here provide assurance that the container will pass the DOT 7A Type A drop tests as well as the other structural requirements.

  17. Characterizing the AB Doradus moving group via high-resolution spectroscopy and kinematic traceback

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCarthy, Kyle; Wilhelm, Ronald J.

    2014-10-01

    We present a detailed analysis of 10 proposed F and G members of the nearby, young moving group AB Doradus (ABD). Our sample was obtained using the 2.7 m telescope at the McDonald Observatory with the coude echelle spectrograph, achieving R ? 60,000 and signal-to-noise ratio ?200. We derive spectroscopic T {sub eff}, log(g), [Fe/H], and microturbulance (v{sub t} ) using a bootstrap method of the TGVIT software resulting in typical errors of 33K in T {sub eff}, 0.08 dex in log(g), 0.03 dex in [Fe/H], and 0.13 km s{sup –1} in v{sub t} . Characterization of the ABD sample is performed in three ways: (1) chemical homogeneity, (2) kinematic traceback, and (3) isochrone fitting. We find the average metal abundance is [M/H] = –0.03 ± 0.06 with a traceback age of 125 Myr. Our stars were fit to three different evolutionary models and we found that the best match to our ABD sample is the YREC [M/H] = –0.1 model. In our sample of 10 stars, we identify 1 star that is a probable non-member, 3 enigmatic stars, and 6 stars with confirmed membership. We also present a list of chemically coherent stars from this study and the Barenfeld et al. study.

  18. Kinematic flow patterns in slow deformation of a dense granular material

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koushik Viswanathan; Anirban Mahato; Tejas G. Murthy; Tomasz Koziara; Srinivasan Chandrasekar

    2015-07-19

    The kinematic flow pattern in slow deformation of a model dense granular medium is studied at high resolution using \\emph{in situ} imaging, coupled with particle tracking. The deformation configuration is indentation by a flat punch under macroscopic plane-strain conditions. Using a general analysis method, velocity gradients and deformation fields are obtained from the disordered grain arrangement, enabling flow characteristics to be quantified. The key observations are the formation of a stagnation zone, as in dilute granular flow past obstacles; occurrence of vortices in the flow immediately underneath the punch; and formation of distinct shear bands adjoining the stagnation zone. The transient and steady state stagnation zone geometry, as well as the strength of the vortices and strain rates in the shear bands, are obtained from the experimental data. All of these results are well-reproduced in exact-scale Non-Smooth Contact Dynamics (NSCD) simulations. Full 3D numerical particle positions from the simulations allow extraction of flow features that are extremely difficult to obtain from experiments. Three examples of these, namely material free surface evolution, deformation of a grain column below the punch and resolution of velocities inside the primary shear band, are highlighted. The variety of flow features observed in this model problem also illustrates the difficulty involved in formulating a complete micromechanical analytical description of the deformation.

  19. A finite element analysis of a silicon based double quantum dot structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Rahman; J. Gorman; C. H. W. Barnes; D. A. Williams; H. P. Langtangen

    2006-04-06

    We present the results of a finite-element solution of the Laplace equation for the silicon-based trench-isolated double quantum-dot and the capacitively-coupled single-electron transistor device architecture. This system is a candidate for charge and spin-based quantum computation in the solid state, as demonstrated by recent coherent-charge oscillation experiments. Our key findings demonstrate control of the electric potential and electric field in the vicinity of the double quantum-dot by the electric potential applied to the in-plane gates. This constitutes a useful theoretical analysis of the silicon-based architecture for quantum information processing applications.

  20. Faulted joints: kinematics, displacementlength scaling relations and criteria for their identication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engelder, Terry

    and kinematics based on two sets of joints, pinnate joints and fault striations, reveal that some mesoscale faults (i.e., faults without linked fault segments) at the mesoscale: ªneoformed faultsº which form

  1. Detecting dynamical boundaries from kinematic data in biomechanics Shane D. Ross,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, Shane

    Detecting dynamical boundaries from kinematic data in biomechanics Shane D. Ross,1 Martin L. Tanaka analyze problems in musculoskeletal biomechanics, considered as exemplars of a class of experimental, we analyze problems in musculoskeletal biomechanics, considered as exemplars of a class

  2. KINEMATIC DISTANCES TO MOLECULAR CLOUDS IDENTIFIED IN THE GALACTIC RING SURVEY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roman-Duval, Julia

    Kinematic distances to 750 molecular clouds identified in the [superscript 13]CO J = 1 ? 0 Boston University-Five College Radio Astronomy Observatory Galactic Ring Survey (GRS) are derived assuming the Clemens rotation ...

  3. Measuring cycling kinematics using a low-cost, flashing LED, multi-camera approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbertson, Matthew (Matthew W.)

    2008-01-01

    In this thesis a low cost motion capture approach is presented and applied to measure cyclists' kinematics. The motion capture system consists of low cost hardware and custom developed software. Based on still-frame, ...

  4. OPTICAL SPECTROSCOPY OF H? FILAMENTS IN COOL CORE CLUSTERS: KINEMATICS, REDDENING, AND SOURCES OF IONIZATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Michael A.

    We have obtained deep, high spatial and spectral resolution, long-slit spectra of the H? nebulae in the cool cores of nine galaxy clusters. This sample provides a wealth of information on the ionization state, kinematics, ...

  5. Kinematics measurements of regular, irregular, and rogue waves by PIV/LDV 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Hae-Jin

    2007-04-25

    A comprehensive experimental study was conducted to produce benchmark wave kinematics data for five different regular waves and the maxima of four different irregular wave trains. Two of the irregular waves generated are in the category of rogue...

  6. Oromotor Kinematics of Speech In Children and the Effect of an External Rhythmic Auditory Stimulus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LaGasse, Ashley Blythe

    2009-04-14

    The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of an external auditory rhythmic stimulus on the kinematics of the oromotor musculature during speech production in children and adults. To this effect, the research ...

  7. Variance Analysis of Wind and Natural Gas Generation under Different Market Structures: Some Observations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bush, B.; Jenkin, T.; Lipowicz, D.; Arent, D. J.; Cooke, R.

    2012-01-01

    Does large scale penetration of renewable generation such as wind and solar power pose economic and operational burdens on the electricity system? A number of studies have pointed to the potential benefits of renewable generation as a hedge against the volatility and potential escalation of fossil fuel prices. Research also suggests that the lack of correlation of renewable energy costs with fossil fuel prices means that adding large amounts of wind or solar generation may also reduce the volatility of system-wide electricity costs. Such variance reduction of system costs may be of significant value to consumers due to risk aversion. The analysis in this report recognizes that the potential value of risk mitigation associated with wind generation and natural gas generation may depend on whether one considers the consumer's perspective or the investor's perspective and whether the market is regulated or deregulated. We analyze the risk and return trade-offs for wind and natural gas generation for deregulated markets based on hourly prices and load over a 10-year period using historical data in the PJM Interconnection (PJM) from 1999 to 2008. Similar analysis is then simulated and evaluated for regulated markets under certain assumptions.

  8. Blunt-crack band propagation in finite-element analysis for concrete structures. [LMFBR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pfeiffer, P.A.; Bazant, Z.P.; Marchertas, A.H.

    1983-01-01

    The knowledge of concrete fracture is needed in nuclear reactor safety. The question of safety arises from the potential of concrete to crack under thermal loading. It has been postulated that structural concrete could be exposed to very high temperature, which may result from hot reactor coolant or even core debris coming in direct contact with the concrete. The utilization of the blunt crack approach for simulating concrete cracking in a general-purpose code is explored. The difficulties encountered in establishing the proper direction of crack propagation in an arbitrary discretization are described. Crack propagation is considered within the context of two types of solution techniques: (1) implicit solution of the static crack advance, and (2) explicit time integration using a dynamic relaxation technique to simulate the static crack advance. Also, in both solution techniques an elastic model is used to characterize the concrete.

  9. Advanced NMR-based techniques for pore structure analysis of coal. Final project report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, D.M.; Hua, D.W.

    1996-02-01

    During the 3 year term of the project, new methods have been developed for characterizing the pore structure of porous materials such as coals, carbons, and amorphous silica gels. In general, these techniques revolve around; (1) combining multiple techniques such as small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) and adsorption of contrast-matched adsorbates or {sup 129}Xe NMR and thermoporometry (the change in freezing point with pore size), (2) combining adsorption isotherms over several pressure ranges to obtain a more complete description of pore filling, or (3) applying NMR ({sup 129}Xe, {sup 14}N{sub 2}, {sup 15}N{sub 2}) techniques with well-defined porous solids with pores in the large micropore size range (>1 nm).

  10. Computational Study and Analysis of Structural Imperfections in 1D and 2D Photonic Crystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    K.R. Maskaly

    2005-06-01

    Dielectric reflectors that are periodic in one or two dimensions, also known as 1D and 2D photonic crystals, have been widely studied for many potential applications due to the presence of wavelength-tunable photonic bandgaps. However, the unique optical behavior of photonic crystals is based on theoretical models of perfect analogues. Little is known about the practical effects of dielectric imperfections on their technologically useful optical properties. In order to address this issue, a finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) code is employed to study the effect of three specific dielectric imperfections in 1D and 2D photonic crystals. The first imperfection investigated is dielectric interfacial roughness in quarter-wave tuned 1D photonic crystals at normal incidence. This study reveals that the reflectivity of some roughened photonic crystal configurations can change up to 50% at the center of the bandgap for RMS roughness values around 20% of the characteristic periodicity of the crystal. However, this reflectivity change can be mitigated by increasing the index contrast and/or the number of bilayers in the crystal. In order to explain these results, the homogenization approximation, which is usually applied to single rough surfaces, is applied to the quarter-wave stacks. The results of the homogenization approximation match the FDTD results extremely well, suggesting that the main role of the roughness features is to grade the refractive index profile of the interfaces in the photonic crystal rather than diffusely scatter the incoming light. This result also implies that the amount of incoherent reflection from the roughened quarterwave stacks is extremely small. This is confirmed through direct extraction of the amount of incoherent power from the FDTD calculations. Further FDTD studies are done on the entire normal incidence bandgap of roughened 1D photonic crystals. These results reveal a narrowing and red-shifting of the normal incidence bandgap with increasing RMS roughness. Again, the homogenization approximation is able to predict these results. The problem of surface scratches on 1D photonic crystals is also addressed. Although the reflectivity decreases are lower in this study, up to a 15% change in reflectivity is observed in certain scratched photonic crystal structures. However, this reflectivity change can be significantly decreased by adding a low index protective coating to the surface of the photonic crystal. Again, application of homogenization theory to these structures confirms its predictive power for this type of imperfection as well. Additionally, the problem of a circular pores in 2D photonic crystals is investigated, showing that almost a 50% change in reflectivity can occur for some structures. Furthermore, this study reveals trends that are consistent with the 1D simulations: parameter changes that increase the absolute reflectivity of the photonic crystal will also increase its tolerance to structural imperfections. Finally, experimental reflectance spectra from roughened 1D photonic crystals are compared to the results predicted computationally in this thesis. Both the computed and experimental spectra correlate favorably, validating the findings presented herein.

  11. Analysis of the electronic structure of ZrO{sub 2} by Compton spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mahammad, F. M.; Mahammed, S. F. [University of Tikrit 42, Department of Physics (Iraq)] [University of Tikrit 42, Department of Physics (Iraq); Kumar, R.; Vijay, Y. K.; Sharma, B. K. [University of Rajasthan, Department of Physics (India)] [University of Rajasthan, Department of Physics (India); Sharma, G., E-mail: gsphysics@gmail.com [University of Kota, Department of Pure and Applied Physics (India)

    2013-07-15

    The electronic structure of ZrO{sub 2} is studied using the Compton scattering technique. The first-ever Compton profile measurement on polycrystalline ZrO{sub 2} was obtained using 59.54 keV gamma-rays emanating from the {sup 241}Am radioisotope. To explain the experimental data, we compute theoretical Compton profile values using the method of linear combination of atomic orbitals in the framework of density functional theory. The correlation scheme proposed by Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof and the exchange scheme of Becke are considered. The ionic-model-based calculations for a number of configurations, i.e., Zr{sup +x}(O{sup -x/2}){sub 2} (0 {<=} x {<=} 2), are also performed to estimate the charge transfer on compound formation, and the study supports transfer of 1.5 electrons from Zr to O atoms.

  12. Fragility Analysis Methodology for Degraded Structures and Passive Components in Nuclear Power Plants - Illustrated using a Condensate Storage Tank

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nie, J.; Braverman, J.; Hofmayer, C.; Choun, Y.; Kim, M.; Choi, I.

    2010-06-30

    The Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI) is conducting a five-year research project to develop a realistic seismic risk evaluation system which includes the consideration of aging of structures and components in nuclear power plants (NPPs). The KAERI research project includes three specific areas that are essential to seismic probabilistic risk assessment (PRA): (1) probabilistic seismic hazard analysis, (2) seismic fragility analysis including the effects of aging, and (3) a plant seismic risk analysis. Since 2007, Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) has entered into a collaboration agreement with KAERI to support its development of seismic capability evaluation technology for degraded structures and components. The collaborative research effort is intended to continue over a five year period. The goal of this collaboration endeavor is to assist KAERI to develop seismic fragility analysis methods that consider the potential effects of age-related degradation of structures, systems, and components (SSCs). The research results of this multi-year collaboration will be utilized as input to seismic PRAs. In the Year 1 scope of work, BNL collected and reviewed degradation occurrences in US NPPs and identified important aging characteristics needed for the seismic capability evaluations. This information is presented in the Annual Report for the Year 1 Task, identified as BNL Report-81741-2008 and also designated as KAERI/RR-2931/2008. The report presents results of the statistical and trending analysis of this data and compares the results to prior aging studies. In addition, the report provides a description of U.S. current regulatory requirements, regulatory guidance documents, generic communications, industry standards and guidance, and past research related to aging degradation of SSCs. In the Year 2 scope of work, BNL carried out a research effort to identify and assess degradation models for the long-term behavior of dominant materials that are determined to be risk significant to NPPs. Multiple models have been identified for concrete, carbon and low-alloy steel, and stainless steel. These models are documented in the Annual Report for the Year 2 Task, identified as BNL Report-82249-2009 and also designated as KAERI/TR-3757/2009. This report describes the research effort performed by BNL for the Year 3 scope of work. The objective is for BNL to develop the seismic fragility capacity for a condensate storage tank with various degradation scenarios. The conservative deterministic failure margin method has been utilized for the undegraded case and has been modified to accommodate the degraded cases. A total of five seismic fragility analysis cases have been described: (1) undegraded case, (2) degraded stainless tank shell, (3) degraded anchor bolts, (4) anchorage concrete cracking, and (5)a perfect combination of the three degradation scenarios. Insights from these fragility analyses are also presented.

  13. Image analysis of jet structure on electrospinning from free liquid surface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kula, Jiri Linka, Ales Tunak, Maros; Lukas, David

    2014-06-16

    The work analyses intra-jet distances during electrospinning from a free surface of water based poly(vinyl alcohol) solution confined by two thin metallic plates employed as a spinning electrode. A unique computer vision system and digital image processing were designed in order to track position of every polymer jet. Here, we show that jet position data are in good compliance with theoretically predicted intra-jet distances by linear stability analysis. Jet density is a critical parameter of electrospinning technology, since it determines the process efficiency and homogeneity of produced nanofibrous layer. Achievements made in this research could be used as essential approach to study jetting from two-dimensional spinning electrodes, or as fundamentals for further development of control system related to Nanospider{sup ™} technology.

  14. Structural analysis of three global land models on carbon cycle simulations using a traceability framework

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Rafique, R.; Xia, J.; Hararuk, O.; Luo, Y.

    2014-06-27

    Modeled carbon (C) storage capacity is largely determined by the C residence time and net primary productivity (NPP). Extensive research has been done on NPP dynamics but the residence time and their relationships with C storage are much less studied. In this study, we implemented a traceability analysis to understand the modeled C storage and residence time in three land surface models: CSIRO's Atmosphere Biosphere Land Exchange (CABLE) with 9 C pools, Community Land Model (version 3.5) combined with Carnegie-Ames-Stanford Approach (CLM3.5-CASA) with 12 C pools and Community Land Model (version 4) (CLM4) with 26 C pools. The globally averagedmore »C storage and residence time was computed at both individual pool and total ecosystem levels. The spatial distribution of total ecosystem C storage and residence time differ greatly among the three models. The CABLE model showed a closer agreement with measured C storage and residence time in plant and soil pools than CLM3.5-CASA and CLM4. However, CLM3.5-CASA and CLM4 were close to each other in modeled C storage but not with measured data. CABLE stores more C in root whereas CLM3.5-CASA and CLM4 store more C in woody pools, partly due to differential NPP allocation in respective pools. The C residence time in individual C pools is greatly different among models, largely because of different transfer coefficient values among pools. CABLE had higher bulk residence time for soil C pools than the other two models. Overall, the traceability analysis used in this study can help fully characterizes the behavior of complex land models.« less

  15. Structural fabric of the Palisades Monocline: a study of positive inversion, Grand Canyon, Arizona 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orofino, James Cory

    2005-08-29

    A field study of positive inversion is conducted to describe associated structural fabrics and to infer kinematic development of the Palisades Monocline, Grand Canyon, Arizona. These features are then compared to sand, clay and solid rock models...

  16. THE KINEMATICS OF THE LOCAL GROUP IN A COSMOLOGICAL CONTEXT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Forero-Romero, J. E.; Hoffman, Y.; Bustamante, S.; Gottloeber, S.; Yepes, G.

    2013-04-10

    Recent observations constrained the tangential velocity of M31 with respect to the Milky Way to be v{sub M31,tan} < 34.4 km s{sup -1}and the radial velocity to be in the range v{sub M31,rad} = -109 {+-} 4.4 km s{sup -1}. In this study we use a large volume high-resolution N-body cosmological simulation (Bolshoi) together with three constrained simulations to statistically study this kinematics in the context of the {Lambda} cold dark matter ({Lambda}CDM). The comparison of the ensembles of simulated pairs with the observed Local Group (LG) at the 1{sigma} level in the uncertainties has been done with respect to the radial and tangential velocities, the reduced orbital energy (e{sub tot}), angular momentum (l{sub orb}), and the dimensionless spin parameter, {lambda}. Our main results are (1) the preferred radial and tangential velocities for pairs in {Lambda}CDM are v{sub r} = -80 {+-} 20 km s{sup -1} and v{sub t} = 50 {+-} 10 km s{sup -1}, (2) pairs around that region are 3-13 times more common than pairs within the observational values, (3) 15%-24% of LG-like pairs in {Lambda}CDM have energy and angular momentum consistent with observations, while (4) 9%-13% of pairs in the same sample show similar values in the inferred dimensionless spin parameter. It follows that within current observational uncertainties the quasi-conserved quantities that characterize the orbit of the LG, i.e., e{sub tot}, l{sub orb}, and {lambda}, do not challenge the standard {Lambda}CDM model, but the model is in tension with regard to the actual values of the radial and tangential velocities. This might hint to a problem of the {Lambda}CDM model to reproduce the observed LG.

  17. Structure-Function Analysis of the 3' Phosphatase Component of T4 Polynucleotide Kinase/phosphatase

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhu,H.; Smith, P.; Wang, L.; Shuman, S.

    2007-01-01

    T4 polynucleotide kinase/phosphatase (Pnkp) exemplifies a family of bifunctional enzymes with 5'-kinase and 3' phosphatase activities that function in nucleic acid repair. T4 Pnkp is a homotetramer of a 301-aa polypeptide, which consists of an N-terminal kinase domain of the P-loop phosphotransferase superfamily and a C-terminal phosphatase domain of the DxD acylphosphatase superfamily. The homotetramer is formed via pairs of phosphatase-phosphatase and kinase-kinase homodimer interfaces. Here we identify four side chains-Asp187, Ser211, Lys258, and Asp277-that are required for 3' phosphatase activity. Alanine mutations at these positions abolished phosphatase activity without affecting kinase function or tetramerization. Conservative substitutions of asparagine or glutamate for Asp187 did not revive the 3' phosphatase, nor did arginine or glutamine substitutions for Lys258. Threonine in lieu of Ser211 and glutamate in lieu of Asp277 restored full activity, whereas asparagine at position 277 had no salutary effect. We report a 3.0 A crystal structure of the Pnkp tetramer, in which a sulfate ion is coordinated between Arg246 and Arg279 in a position that we propose mimics one of the penultimate phosphodiesters (5'NpNpNp-3') of the polynucleotide 3'-PO(4) substrate. The amalgam of mutational and structural data engenders a plausible catalytic mechanism for the phosphatase that includes covalent catalysis (via Asp165), general acid-base catalysis (via Asp167), metal coordination (by Asp165, Asp277 and Asp278), and transition state stabilization (via Lys258, Ser211, backbone amides, and the divalent cation). Other critical side chains play architectural roles (Arg176, Asp187, Arg213, Asp254). To probe the role of oligomerization in phosphatase function, we introduced six double-alanine cluster mutations at the phosphatase-phosphatase domain interface, two of which (R297A-Q295A and E292A-D300A) converted Pnkp from a tetramer to a dimer and ablated phosphatase activity.

  18. Structural analysis of palladium-decorated gold nanoparticles as colloidal bimetallic catalysts.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fang, Y. L.; Miller, J. T.; Guo, N.; Heck, K. N.; Alvarez, P. J. J.; Wong, M. S. (Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division); (Rice Univ.)

    2011-02-02

    Bimetallic palladium-decorated gold nanoparticle (Pd/Au NP) catalysts are significantly more active than palladium-only catalysts, but the mechanism for enhancement is not completely clear for most reactions, like the aqueous-phase hydrodechlorination of trichloroethene. In this study, we conducted X-ray absorption spectroscopy on carbon-supported Pd/Au NPs to obtain information about the local atomic environment (i.e., oxidation states, coordination numbers, and bond distances) of the two metals under different treatment conditions. The as-synthesized NPs were confirmed to have a Pd-shell/Au-core nanostructure, in which the Pd was found as surface ensembles. Upon exposure to room temperature in air, a portion of the Pd, but not the Au, was oxidized. In comparison, nearly the entire surface of monometallic Pd NPs was oxidized, suggesting that Au in Pd/Au NPs imparts oxidation resistance to Pd atoms. The surface Pd was found randomly distributed, presumably as a PdAu surface alloy, after reduction at 300 C. X-ray absorption spectroscopy provides direct evidence for the Pd-shell/Au-core structure of Pd/Au NPs, and suggests that metallic Pd in the Pd/Au NPs is a source for higher catalytic activity for aqueous-phase trichloroethene hydrodechlorination.

  19. Structural Analysis of Protein Folding by the Long-Chain Archaeal Chaperone FKBP26

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    E Martinez-Hackert; W Hendrickson

    2011-12-31

    In the cell, protein folding is mediated by folding catalysts and chaperones. The two functions are often linked, especially when the catalytic module forms part of a multidomain protein, as in Methanococcus jannaschii peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerase FKBP26. Here, we show that FKBP26 chaperone activity requires both a 50-residue insertion in the catalytic FKBP domain, also called 'Insert-in-Flap' or IF domain, and an 80-residue C-terminal domain. We determined FKBP26 structures from four crystal forms and analyzed chaperone domains in light of their ability to mediate protein-protein interactions. FKBP26 is a crescent-shaped homodimer. We reason that folding proteins are bound inside the large crescent cleft, thus enabling their access to inward-facing peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerase catalytic sites and ipsilateral chaperone domain surfaces. As these chaperone surfaces participate extensively in crystal lattice contacts, we speculate that the observed lattice contacts reflect a proclivity for protein associations and represent substrate interactions by FKBP26 chaperone domains. Finally, we find that FKBP26 is an exceptionally flexible molecule, suggesting a mechanism for nonspecific substrate recognition.

  20. Structural Design and Thermal Analysis for Thermal Shields of the MICE Coupling Magnets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Green, Michael A.; Pan, Heng; Liu, X. K.; Wang, Li; Wu, Hong; Chen, A. B.; Guo, X.L.

    2009-07-01

    A superconducting coupling magnet made from copper matrix NbTi conductors operating at 4 K will be used in the Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment (MICE) to produce up to 2.6 T on the magnet centerline to keep the muon beam within the thin RF cavity indows. The coupling magnet is to be cooled by two cryocoolers with a total cooling capacity of 3 W at 4.2 K. In order to keep a certain operating temperature margin, the most important is to reduce the heat leakage imposed on cold surfaces of coil cold mass assembly. An ntermediate temperature shield system placed between the coupling coil and warm vacuum chamber is adopted. The shield system consists of upper neck shield, main shields, flexible connections and eight supports, which is to be cooled by the first stage cold heads of two ryocoolers with cooling capacity of 55 W at 60 K each. The maximum temperature difference on the shields should be less than 20 K, so the thermal analyses for the shields with different thicknesses, materials, flexible connections for shields' cooling and structure design for heir supports were carried out. 1100 Al is finally adopted and the maximum temperature difference is around 15 K with 4 mm shield thickness. The paper is to present detailed analyses on the shield system design.

  1. Handbook on dynamics of jointed structures.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ames, Nicoli M.; Lauffer, James P.; Jew, Michael D.; Segalman, Daniel Joseph; Gregory, Danny Lynn; Starr, Michael James; Resor, Brian Ray

    2009-07-01

    The problem of understanding and modeling the complicated physics underlying the action and response of the interfaces in typical structures under dynamic loading conditions has occupied researchers for many decades. This handbook presents an integrated approach to the goal of dynamic modeling of typical jointed structures, beginning with a mathematical assessment of experimental or simulation data, development of constitutive models to account for load histories to deformation, establishment of kinematic models coupling to the continuum models, and application of finite element analysis leading to dynamic structural simulation. In addition, formulations are discussed to mitigate the very short simulation time steps that appear to be required in numerical simulation for problems such as this. This handbook satisfies the commitment to DOE that Sandia will develop the technical content and write a Joints Handbook. The content will include: (1) Methods for characterizing the nonlinear stiffness and energy dissipation for typical joints used in mechanical systems and components. (2) The methodology will include practical guidance on experiments, and reduced order models that can be used to characterize joint behavior. (3) Examples for typical bolted and screw joints will be provided.

  2. Baryon spin-flavor structure from an analysis of lattice QCD results of the baryon spectrum

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Fernando, I.?P.; Goity, J.?L.

    2015-02-01

    The excited baryon masses are analyzed in the framework of the 1/Nc expansion using the available physical masses and also the masses obtained in lattice QCD for different quark masses. The baryon states are organized into irreducible representations of SU(6) x O(3), where the [56,lP=0?] ground state and excited baryons, and the [56,2+] and [70}},1-] excited states are analyzed. The analyses are carried out to order O(1/Nc) and first order in the quark masses. The issue of state identifications is discussed. Numerous parameter independent mass relations result at those orders, among them the well known Gell-Mann-Okubo and Equal Spacing relations,more »as well as additional relations involving baryons with different spins. It is observed that such relations are satisfied at the expected level of precision. The main conclusion of the analysis is that qualitatively the dominant physical effects are similar for the physical and the lattice QCD baryons.« less

  3. Group 10 complexes containing phosphinomethylamine ligands: Synthesis, structural analysis and electrochemical studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waggoner, Nolan W.; Spreer, Lindsay S.; Boro, Brian J.; DuBois, Daniel L.; Helm, Monte L.

    2012-01-15

    The reaction of [M(triphos)OTf](OTf) (M = Pd, Pt; triphos = (Ph2PCH2CH2)2PPh; OTf = triflate) with one equivalent of a diphenylphosphinomethylamine ligand (PPh2NPh(R), R = Ph or Me) leads to the formation of the M(II) complexes [Pd(triphos)PPh2NPh(R)](OTf)2 (1a, R = Ph; 1b, R = Me) and [Pt(triphos)PPh2NPh(R)]- (OTf)2 (2a, R = Ph; 2b, R = Me). Complexes 1a, 1b, 2a and 2b were obtained in moderate yields and characterized by elemental analysis, 1H, 13C, 31P NMR and X-ray diffraction. The redox behavior of these complexes shows a reversible reduction wave with half-wave potentials ranging from -1.04 to -1.23 V. Electrocatalytic proton reduction studies demonstrate these complexes function as hydrogen production catalysts with turn over frequencies ranging from 120 to 200 s-1. We thank Research Corporation Cottrell Science Award (7293) and Fort Lewis College for financial support of this project. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory collaborators would like to acknowledge the support of the US Department of Energy Basic Energy Sciences’ Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences Division. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for the US Department of Energy.

  4. Structure of Light Neutron-rich Nuclei Studied with Transfer Reactions

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wuosmaa, A. H.

    2015-01-01

    Transfer reactions have been used for many years to understand the shell structure of nuclei. Recent studies with rare-isotope beams extend this work and make it possible to probe the evolution of shell structure far beyond the valley of stability, requiring measurements in inverse kinematics. We present a novel technical approach to measurements in inverse kinematics, and apply this method to different transfer reactions, each of which probes different properties of light, neutron-rich nuclei.

  5. CLASH: COMPLETE LENSING ANALYSIS OF THE LARGEST COSMIC LENS MACS J0717.5+3745 AND SURROUNDING STRUCTURES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Medezinski, Elinor; Lemze, Doron; Ford, Holland [Department of Physics and Astronomy, The Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Umetsu, Keiichi [Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Nonino, Mario [INAF/Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, via G.B. Tiepolo 11, I-34143 Trieste (Italy); Merten, Julian; Mroczkowski, Tony [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, MS 169-327, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Zitrin, Adi [Institut für Theoretische Astrophysik, Universität Heidelberg, Zentrum für Astronomie, Philosophenweg 12, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Broadhurst, Tom [Department of Theoretical Physics and History of Science, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, P.O. Box 644, E-48080 Bilbao (Spain); Donahue, Megan [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Sayers, Jack; Czakon, Nicole [Division of Physics, Math, and Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Waizmann, Jean-Claude; Meneghetti, Massimo [Dipartimento di Astronomia, Universit'a di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, I-40127 Bologna (Italy); Koekemoer, Anton; Coe, Dan; Postman, Marc [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21208 (United States); Molino, Alberto [Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (CSIC), E-18080 Granada (Spain); Melchior, Peter [Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics and Department of Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Grillo, Claudio, E-mail: elinor@pha.jhu.edu [Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Mariesvej 30, DK-2100 Copenhagen (Denmark); and others

    2013-11-01

    The galaxy cluster MACS J0717.5+3745 (z = 0.55) is the largest known cosmic lens, with complex internal structures seen in deep X-ray, Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect, and dynamical observations. We perform a combined weak- and strong-lensing analysis with wide-field BVR{sub c} i'z' Subaru/Suprime-Cam observations and 16-band Hubble Space Telescope observations taken as part of the Cluster Lensing And Supernova survey with Hubble. We find consistent weak distortion and magnification measurements of background galaxies and combine these signals to construct an optimally estimated radial mass profile of the cluster and its surrounding large-scale structure out to 5 Mpc h {sup –1}. We find consistency between strong-lensing and weak-lensing in the region where these independent data overlap, <500 kpc h {sup –1}. The two-dimensional weak-lensing map reveals a clear filamentary structure traced by distinct mass halos. We model the lensing shear field with nine halos, including the main cluster, corresponding to mass peaks detected above 2.5?{sub ?}. The total mass of the cluster as determined by the different methods is M{sub vir} ? (2.8 ± 0.4) × 10{sup 15} M{sub ?}. Although this is the most massive cluster known at z > 0.5, in terms of extreme value statistics, we conclude that the mass of MACS J0717.5+3745 by itself is not in serious tension with ?CDM, representing only a ?2? departure above the maximum simulated halo mass at this redshift.

  6. On the local properties of highly nonlinear unsteady gravity water waves. Part 1. Slowdown, kinematics and energetics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barthelemy, X; Peirson, W L; Dias, F; Allis, M

    2015-01-01

    The kinematic properties of unsteady highly non-linear 3D wave groups have been investigated using a numerical wave tank. Although carrier wave speeds based on zero-crossing analysis remain within +-7% of linear theory predictions, crests and troughs locally undertake a systematic cyclical leaning from forward to backward as the crests/troughs transition through their maximum amplitude. Consequently, both crests and troughs slow down by approximately 15% of the linear velocity, in sharp contrast to the predictions of finite amplitude Stokes steady wavetrain theory. Velocity profiles under the crest maximum have been investigated and surface values in excess of 1.8 times the equivalent Stokes velocity can be observed. Equipartitioning between depth-integrated kinetic and potential energy holds globally on the scale of the wave group. However, equipartitioning does not occur at crests and troughs (even for low amplitude Stokes waves), where the local ratio of potential to total energy varies systemically as a f...

  7. A Quasi-Static Analysis of Dexterous Manipulation with Sliding and Rolling Contacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trinkle, Jeff

    , especially when performed by an articulated mechanical hand. Kinematic analyses of dexterous manipulationA Quasi-Static Analysis of Dexterous Manipulation with Sliding and Rolling Contacts Je//ret; C of the manipulated object as functions of the robot's joint velocities. The inverse kinematic problem results

  8. Electromagnetic and Mechanical Analysis of the Coil Structure for the CLAS12 Torus for 12 GeV Upgrade

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ghoshal, P. K.; Pastor, O.; Kashy, D.; Schneider, W.; Wiseman, M.; Zarecky, M.; Young, G.; Rode, C.; Elouadrhiri, L.; Burkert, V.

    2014-12-18

    The torus magnet for the CLAS12 spectrometer is a 3.6 T superconducting magnet being designed and built as part of the Jefferson Lab 12 GeV Upgrade. The magnet consists of six coil case assemblies mounted to a cold central hub. The coil case assembly consists of an aluminum case and cover enclosing an epoxy vacuum impregnated coil pack. The coil pack consists of a 117 turn double-pancake winding wrapped with 2 layers of 0.635 mm thick copper cooling sheets. The coil case assembly is cooled by supercritical helium at 4.6 K. This report details the structural analysis of the coilmore »case assembly and the assessment of the coil pack stresses. For the normal operation of the torus magnet, the coil case assembly was analyzed for cool down to 4.6 K and the Lorentz forces at normal operating current. In addition to the normal operating configuration, the coil case assembly was analyzed for Lorentz forces arising from coil misalignment and current imbalances. The allowable stress criteria for the magnet followed the approach of the ASME codes. Primary stresses were limited to the lesser of 2/3 times the yield strength or 1/3 times the ultimate tensile strength. Primary plus secondary stresses were limited to 3 times the primary stress allowable. The analysis was performed using ANSYS Maxwell to calculate the magneto-static loads and ANSYS Mechanical to calculate the stresses.« less

  9. Synthesis and structural characterisation using Rietveld and pair distribution function analysis of layered mixed titanium?zirconium phosphates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burnell, Victoria A.; Readman, Jennifer E.; Tang, Chiu C.; Parker, Julia E.; Thompson, Stephen P.; Hriljac, Joseph A. (Birmingham UK); (DLS)

    2010-12-01

    Crystalline metal (IV) phosphates with variable zirconium-to-titanium molar ratios of general formula (Ti{sub 1-x}Zr{sub x})(HPO{sub 4}){sub 2} {center_dot} H{sub 2}O have been prepared by precipitation of soluble salts of the metals with phosphoric acid and heating the amorphous solids in 12 M H{sub 3}PO{sub 4} in an autoclave. The new materials are structurally characterised by Rietveld analysis of synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction data and pair distribution function (PDF) analysis of high energy synchrotron X-ray total scattering data. A broad range of zirconium-titanium phosphate solid solutions were formed showing isomorphous substitution of titanium by zirconium in the {alpha}-titanium phosphate lattice and vice versa for titanium substitution into the {alpha}-zirconium phosphate lattice. In both cases the solubility is partial with the coexistence of two substituted phases observed in samples with nominal compositions between the solubility limits.

  10. Electromagnetic and Mechanical Analysis of the Coil Structure for the CLAS12 Torus for 12 GeV Upgrade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ghoshal, P. K.; Pastor, O.; Kashy, D.; Schneider, W.; Wiseman, M.; Zarecky, M.; Young, G.; Rode, C.; Elouadrhiri, L.; Burkert, V.

    2014-12-18

    The torus magnet for the CLAS12 spectrometer is a 3.6 T superconducting magnet being designed and built as part of the Jefferson Lab 12 GeV Upgrade. The magnet consists of six coil case assemblies mounted to a cold central hub. The coil case assembly consists of an aluminum case and cover enclosing an epoxy vacuum impregnated coil pack. The coil pack consists of a 117 turn double-pancake winding wrapped with 2 layers of 0.635 mm thick copper cooling sheets. The coil case assembly is cooled by supercritical helium at 4.6 K. This report details the structural analysis of the coil case assembly and the assessment of the coil pack stresses. For the normal operation of the torus magnet, the coil case assembly was analyzed for cool down to 4.6 K and the Lorentz forces at normal operating current. In addition to the normal operating configuration, the coil case assembly was analyzed for Lorentz forces arising from coil misalignment and current imbalances. The allowable stress criteria for the magnet followed the approach of the ASME codes. Primary stresses were limited to the lesser of 2/3 times the yield strength or 1/3 times the ultimate tensile strength. Primary plus secondary stresses were limited to 3 times the primary stress allowable. The analysis was performed using ANSYS Maxwell to calculate the magneto-static loads and ANSYS Mechanical to calculate the stresses.

  11. Demonstration of thin film pair distribution function analysis (tfPDF) for the study of local structure in amorphous and crystalline thin films

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Jensen, K. M.Ø.; Blichfeld, A. B.; Bauers, S. R.; Wood, S. R.; Dooryhee, E.; Johnson, D. C.; Iversen, B. B.; Billinge, S.

    2015-07-05

    By means of normal incidence, high flux and high energy x-rays, we have obtained total scattering data for Pair Distribution Function (PDF) analysis from thin films (tf), suitable for local structure analysis. By using amorphous substrates as support for the films, the standard Rapid Acquisition PDF setup can be applied and the scattering signal from the film can be isolated from the total scattering data through subtraction of an independently measured background signal. No angular corrections to the data are needed, as would be the case for grazing incidence measurements. We illustrate the ‘tfPDF’ method through studies of as depositedmore »(i.e. amorphous) and crystalline FeSb3 films, where the local structure analysis gives insight into the stabilization of the metastable skutterudite FeSb3 phase. The films were prepared by depositing ultra-thin alternating layers of Fe and Sb, which interdiffuse and after annealing crystallize to form the FeSb3 structure. The tfPDF data show that the amorphous precursor phase consists of corner-sharing FeSb6 octahedra with motifs highly resembling the local structure in crystalline FeSb3. Analysis of the amorphous structure allows predicting whether the final crystalline product will form the FeSb3 phase with or without excess Sb present. The study thus illustrates how analysis of the local structure in amorphous precursor films can help to understand crystallization processes of metastable phases and opens for a range of new local structure studies of thin films.« less

  12. Structure and kinematics of galaxy clusters II. Substructures and luminosity segregation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Stein

    1996-06-25

    A homogeneous sample of galaxy redshifts in the core regions (R < 0.5 h$^{-1}$ Mpc) of 12 clusters is used to measure the frequency of substructure with different tests. In 50 % of the cases substructure is detected, a frequency which agrees well with previous studies of cluster cores. Magnitude information and rough morphological classes are also available for 80 % of the sample, allowing us to confirm that bright galaxies (M < -22 mag) have a significantly lower velocity dispersion than the rest. Elliptical galaxies are the main responsibles for this luminosity segregation in velocity space, whereas no segregation can be seen for spiral galaxies. Given the coincidence of substructure and luminosity segregation, a cluster model with an old population of ellipticals which are under the effect of dynamical friction in each subcluster is thus favoured by these observations. Spiral galaxies seem to be late arrivals, or are passing in front or behind the core of the cluster.

  13. AN INTRIGUING CHROMOSPHERIC JET OBSERVED BY HINODE: FINE STRUCTURE KINEMATICS AND EVIDENCE OF UNWINDING TWISTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu Wei; Berger, Thomas E.; Title, Alan M.; Tarbell, Theodore D. [Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, Department ADBS, Building 252, 3251 Hanover Street, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States)

    2009-12-10

    We report a chromospheric jet lasting for more than 1 hr observed by the Hinode Solar Optical Telescope in unprecedented detail. The ejection occurred in three episodes separated by 12-14 minutes, with the amount and velocity of material decreasing with time. The upward velocities range from 438 to 33 km s{sup -1}, while the downward velocities of the material falling back have smaller values (mean: -56km s{sup -1}) and a narrower distribution (standard deviation: 14km s{sup -1}). The average acceleration inferred from parabolic spacetime tracks is 141 m s{sup -2}, a fraction of the solar gravitational acceleration. The jet consists of fine threads (0.''5-2'' wide), which exhibit coherent, oscillatory transverse motions perpendicular to the jet axis and about a common equilibrium position. These motions propagate upward along the jet, with the maximum phase speed of 744+-11 km s{sup -1}at the leading front of the jet. The transverse oscillation velocities range from 151 to 26 km s{sup -1}, amplitudes from 6.0 to 1.9 Mm, and periods from 250 to 536 s. The oscillations slow down with time and cease when the material starts to fall back. The falling material travels along almost straight lines in the original direction of ascent, showing no transverse motions. These observations are consistent with the scenario that the jet involves untwisting helical threads, which rotate about the axis of a single large cylinder and shed magnetic helicity into the upper atmosphere.

  14. Kinematic soil-structure interaction effects from building and free-field seismic arrays in Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Givens, Michael J; Mikami, Atsushi; Kashima, Toshihide; Stewart, Jonathan P

    2012-01-01

    soil, NPS = Nuclear power station, and RF = Roof level BRIarrays from in nuclear power stations. When released forfor providing nuclear power station data and to emeritus

  15. Kinematic structure of the 10-11 June 1985 long-track straight-line windstorm 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barritt, Robert Cole

    1995-01-01

    The long-track, straight-line windstorm observed during PRE-STORM (Preliminary Regional Experiment for Stormscale Operational and Research Meteorology) on 10-1 I June 1985 emanated from the central, bowed-out portion of ...

  16. Green Water Flow Kinematics and Impact Pressure on a Three Dimensional Model Structure 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ariyarathne, Hanchapola Appuhamilage Kusalika Suranjani

    2011-10-21

    pressure with kinetic energy. Constant impact coefficient of 1.3 was found for wall impingement wave. However, for deck impingement wave, it was not possible to find a constant impact coefficient. It was also found that there is a linear relationship...

  17. Structure and kinematics of the Suzume fault, Okitsu melange, Shimanto accretionary complex, Japan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kanaya, Takamasa

    2007-04-25

    zone of fractured basalt, and likely records 2+ km displacement along the thrust. The footwall consists of decimeter-thick ultracataclasite bounded by a 20-m-thick zone of ductile shear in flattened sedimentary host rock, and likely records 30+ km...

  18. Kinematic and Mechanical Reconstruction of Walker Ridge Structures, Deepwater Gulf of Mexico 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Majekodunmi, Oluwatosin Eniola

    2011-02-22

    -B? ..................................................................................... 58 Figure 21. Evolution of horizon K through time across A-A? ................................ 59 Figure 22. Evolution of horizon K through time across B-B? ................................. 60 1 ? INTRODUCTION Folding theory has... and porosity calculated for intervals 2-12. ? 29 ? Ta ble 2. Fo ld and til t ra tes fo r th e C asc ade an d C hin ook . ? 30 ? Table 3. Sedimentation rates calculated for the Cascade and Chinook folds. ? 31 ? Table 4...

  19. EARLIEST STAGES OF PROTOCLUSTER FORMATION: SUBSTRUCTURE AND KINEMATICS OF STARLESS CORES IN ORION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Katherine; Looney, Leslie W.; Schnee, Scott; Li Zhiyun

    2013-08-01

    We study the structure and kinematics of nine 0.1 pc scale cores in Orion with the IRAM 30 m telescope and at higher resolution eight of the cores with CARMA, using CS(2-1) as the main tracer. The single-dish moment zero maps of the starless cores show single structures with central column densities ranging from 7 to 42 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 23} cm{sup -2} and LTE masses from 20 M{sub Sun} to 154 M{sub Sun }. However, at the higher CARMA resolution (5''), all of the cores except one fragment into 3-5 components. The number of fragments is small compared to that found in some turbulent fragmentation models, although inclusion of magnetic fields may reduce the predicted fragment number and improve the model agreement. This result demonstrates that fragmentation from parsec-scale molecular clouds to sub-parsec cores continues to take place inside the starless cores. The starless cores and their fragments are embedded in larger filamentary structures, which likely played a role in the core formation and fragmentation. Most cores show clear velocity gradients, with magnitudes ranging from 1.7 to 14.3 km s{sup -1} pc{sup -1}. We modeled one of them in detail, and found that its spectra are best explained by a converging flow along a filament toward the core center; the gradients in other cores may be modeled similarly. We infer a mass inflow rate of {approx}2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -3} M{sub Sun} yr{sup -1}, which is in principle high enough to overcome radiation pressure and allow for massive star formation. However, the core contains multiple fragments, and it is unclear whether the rapid inflow would feed the growth of primarily a single massive star or a cluster of lower mass objects. We conclude that fast, supersonic converging flow along filaments play an important role in massive star and cluster formation.

  20. Integral Field Unit Observations of NGC 4302: Kinematics of the Diffuse Ionized Gas Halo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George H. Heald; Richard J. Rand; Robert A. Benjamin; Matthew A. Bershady

    2007-03-13

    We present moderate resolution spectroscopy of extraplanar diffuse ionized gas (EDIG) emission in the edge-on spiral galaxy NGC 4302. The spectra were obtained with the SparsePak integral field unit (IFU) at the WIYN Observatory. The spectra are used to construct position-velocity (PV) diagrams at several ranges of heights above the midplane. Azimuthal velocities are directly extracted from the PV diagrams using the envelope tracing method, and indicate an extremely steep dropoff in rotational velocity with increasing height, with magnitude ~30 km/s/kpc. We find evidence for a radial variation in the velocity gradient on the receding side. We have also performed artificial observations of galaxy models in an attempt to match the PV diagrams. The results of a statistical analysis also favor a gradient of ~30 km/s/kpc. We compare these results with an entirely ballistic model of disk-halo flow, and find a strong dichotomy between the observed kinematics and those predicted by the model. The disagreement is worse than we have found for other galaxies in previous studies. The conclusions of this paper are compared to results from two other galaxies, NGC 5775 and NGC 891. We find that the vertical gradient in rotation speed, per unit EDIG scale height, for all three galaxies is consistent with a constant magnitude (within the errors) of approximately 15-25 km/s/scaleheight, independent of radius. This relationship is also true within the galaxy NGC 4302. We also discuss how the gradient depends on the distribution and morphology of the EDIG and the star formation rates of the galaxies, and consequences for the origin of the gas.

  1. A serial-kinematic nanopositioner for high-speed atomic force microscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wadikhaye, Sachin P., E-mail: sachin.wadikhaye@uon.edu.au; Yong, Yuen Kuan; Reza Moheimani, S. O. [School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW (Australia)

    2014-10-15

    A flexure-guided serial-kinematic XYZ nanopositioner for high-speed Atomic Force Microscopy is presented in this paper. Two aspects influencing the performance of serial-kinematic nanopositioners are studied in this work. First, mass reduction by using tapered flexures is proposed to increased the natural frequency of the nanopositioner. 25% increase in the natural frequency is achieved due to reduced mass with tapered flexures. Second, a study of possible sensor positioning in a serial-kinematic nanopositioner is presented. An arrangement of sensors for exact estimation of cross-coupling is incorporated in the proposed design. A feedforward control strategy based on phaser approach is presented to mitigate the dynamics and nonlinearity in the system. Limitations in design approach and control strategy are discussed in the Conclusion.

  2. Investment in Corn-Ethanol Plants in the Midwestern United States: An Analysis Using Reduced-Form and Structural Models1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    1 Investment in Corn-Ethanol Plants in the Midwestern United States: An Analysis Using Reduced-Form and Structural Models1 C.-Y. Cynthia Lin and Karen E. Thome Abstract Ethanol has attracted considerable policy policy and strategic interactions affect decisions about when and where to invest in building new ethanol

  3. Structure and substructure analysis of DAFT/FADA galaxy clusters in the [0.4-0.9] redshift range

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guennou, L; Durret, F; Neto, G B Lima; Ulmer, M P; Clowe, D; LeBrun, V; Martinet, N; Allam, S; Annis, J; Basa, S; Benoist, C; Biviano, A; Cappi, A; Cypriano, E S; Gavazzi, R; Halliday, C; Ilbert, O; Jullo, E; Just, D; Limousin, M; Márquez, I; Mazure, A; Murphy, K J; Plana, H; Rostagni, F; Russeil, D; Schirmer, M; Slezak, E; Tucker, D; Zaritsky, D; Ziegler, B

    2013-01-01

    We analyse the structures of all the clusters in the DAFT/FADA survey for which XMM-Newton and/or a sufficient number of galaxy redshifts in the cluster range is available, with the aim of detecting substructures and evidence for merging events. These properties are discussed in the framework of standard cold dark matter cosmology.XMM-Newton data were available for 32 clusters, for which we derive the X-ray luminosity and a global X-ray temperature for 25 of them. For 23 clusters we were able to fit the X-ray emissivity with a beta-model and subtract it to detect substructures in the X-ray gas. A dynamical analysis based on the SG method was applied to the clusters having at least 15 spectroscopic galaxy redshifts in the cluster range: 18 X-ray clusters and 11 clusters with no X-ray data. Only major substructures will be detected. Ten substructures were detected both in X-rays and by the SG method. Most of the substructures detected both in X-rays and with the SG method are probably at their first cluster per...

  4. Local structure and polarization resistance of Ce doped SrMnO{sub 3} using extended x-ray fine structure analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ryu, Jiseung; Lee, Heesoo, E-mail: heesoo@pusan.ac.kr [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Pusan National University, Busan 609-735 (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-09-15

    Changes to the local structure of Sr and Mn atoms in Sr{sub 1?x}Ce{sub x}MnO{sub 3} (SCM) according to increasing Ce content and the effect of the structural change on the polarization resistance of SCM were investigated. The reduction of manganese was confirmed by the absorption edge shift of the Mn K-edge toward lower energies. The noise of oscillation in extended X-ray absorption fine structure k{sup 3}? data at Mn K-edge reveals the distortion of the local structure of Mn atoms, and the peak that indicates the bonding length of Mn-O, Sr/Ce, and -Mn decreased with the addition of Ce content in Fourier transformations of the Mn K-edge. The distortion of the local structure at Mn atoms was affected by the reduced manganese ions having larger ionic radii than Mn{sup 4+}. Meanwhile, few distortions of local atomic structures of Sr atoms occurred, and the average nearest neighboring distances of Sr-O and Sr-Mn are ?2.13?Å and ?2.95?Å, respectively. The average bonding lengths of the Ce-O and Ce-Mn increased because the ionic radius of substituted Ce ion with 12 coordination number is smaller than that of Sr ion, which leads the reduction of Mn ions and the distortion of local structure at the substituted A-site. Therefore, we reasoned that the distortion of the local atomic structure at Mn atoms in MnO{sub 6} and Ce atoms in A-site is one of the causes for interrupting oxygen ion transfers as a geometric factor, which results in an increase in the polarization resistance of SCM within the Ce composition range from 10?mol.?% to 30?mol.?%.

  5. Kinematics of the Ionised Gas in the Spiral Galaxy NGC 2403

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Filippo Fraternali; Tom Oosterloo; Renzo Sancisi

    2004-05-31

    We present a study of the kinematics of the ionised gas in the nearby spiral galaxy NGC 2403 using deep long-slit spectra obtained with the 4.2-m William Herschel Telescope. The data show the presence of a halo component of ionised gas that is rotating more slowly than the gas in the disk. The kinematics of this ionised halo gas is similar to that of the neutral halo gas. On small scales, broad line profiles (up to 300 km/s wide) indicate regions of fast outflows of ionised gas. We discuss these new results in the context of galactic fountain models.

  6. Nonlinear aeroelastic analysis of high aspect-ratio wings using the method of numerical continuation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nichkawde, Chetan

    2006-08-16

    This research explores the impact of kinematic structural nonlinearities on the dynamics of a highly deformable cantilevered wing. Two different theoretical formulations are presented and analysed for nonlinear behavior. The first formulation, which...

  7. Structural and Functional Analysis of SleL, a Peptidoglycan Lysin Involved in Germination of Bacillus Spores

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Üstok, Fatma I??k; Chirgadze, Dimitri Y.; Christie, Graham

    2015-08-06

    /v) gradient SDS-PAGE gels stained with colloidal coomassie blue (Life Technologies, Paisley, UK). Accession codes - The atomic coordinates and structure factors for the reported crystal structures have been deposited with the Protein Data Bank (PDB) under...

  8. 352 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ROBOTICS AND AUTOMATION, VOL. 11, NO. 3. JUNE 1995 Closed-Loop Kinematic Calibration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hollerbach, John M.

    ~ 352 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ROBOTICS AND AUTOMATION, VOL. 11, NO. 3. JUNE 1995 Closed-Loop Kinematic Abstract- A method is presented for autonomous kinematic calibrationof the RSI 6-DOFhand controller,a two-loopparallel mechanism comprised of three 6-DOF arms with potentiometers on the first three joints of each arm

  9. Three-dimensional numerical models with varied material properties and erosion rates: Implications for the mechanics and kinematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mueller, Karl

    for the mechanics and kinematics of compressive wedges Phaedra Upton,1,2 Karl Mueller,3 and Yue-Gau Chen4 Received develop three-dimensional mechanical models of a compressive wedge and investigate how the form and kinematics of the outboard wedge are affected by variation in initial topography, material properties

  10. KINEMATIC AND MECHANICAL CHANGES IN THE DISTAL RADIOULNAR JOINT (DRUJ) OF PATIENTS WITH MALUNITED DISTAL RADIUS FRACTURES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laidlaw, David

    KINEMATIC AND MECHANICAL CHANGES IN THE DISTAL RADIOULNAR JOINT (DRUJ) OF PATIENTS WITH MALUNITED of Orthopaedics, Brown Medical School/Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, RI INTRODUCTION Kinematic (e.g. rigid body motion) and mechanical (e.g. joint contact area and ligament strains) changes are considered

  11. Completely Specified Displacements of a Rigid Body and Their Application in the Direct Kinematics of In-Parallel Mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mavroidis, Constantinos

    to obtain an algebraic solution to the direct kinematics problem of a special type of in-parallel mechanisms1 Completely Specified Displacements of a Rigid Body and Their Application in the Direct Kinematics of In-Parallel Mechanisms Constantinos Mavroidis, Assistant Professor Department of Mechanical

  12. Analysis of the structural parameters that influence gas production from the Devonian shale. Annual progress report, 1979-1980. Volume II. Data repository and reports published during fiscal year 1979-1980: regional structure, surface structure, surface fractures, hydrology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Negus-De Wys, J.; Dixon, J. M.; Evans, M. A.; Lee, K. D.; Ruotsala, J. E.; Wilson, T. H.; Williams, R. T.

    1980-10-01

    This volume comprises appendices giving regional structure data, surface structure data, surface fracture data, and hydrology data. The fracture data covers oriented Devonian shale cores from West Virginia, Ohio, Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Kentucky. The subsurface structure of the Eastern Kentucky gas field is also covered. (DLC)

  13. DEEP: Pre-DEIMOS Surveys to I 24 of Galaxy Evolution and Kinematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DEEP: Pre-DEIMOS Surveys to I #24; 24 of Galaxy Evolution and Kinematics David C. Koo UCO Abstract. DEEP is a two-phase program designed to undertake spectroscopic sur- veys of faint #12;eld and distribution of dark matter and cosmology. DEEP is distinguished by securing spectra of suÃ?cient quality

  14. International Conference on Machine Control & Guidance 2008 1 Kinematic 3D Laser Scanning for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    been high-speed surveys of automobile industry test sites or subway tunnel surveys. The new guidance 1 INTRODUCTION Road or rail construction tasks require reliable survey data. Due to highly of kinematic survey technology for high precision applications. Replacing static tachymetric surveys

  15. Dynamics of kinematically constrained bimolecular reactions having constant product recoil energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dynamics of kinematically constrained bimolecular reactions having constant product recoil energy reactions in which the product recoil energy is assumed constant (CPR approximation). It is further assumed-shaped, peaking at the vibrational level with an energy equal to the reaction exoergicity minus the product recoil

  16. An elasto-plastic damage model cast in a co-rotational kinematic framework for large

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masud, Arif

    An elasto-plastic damage model cast in a co-rotational kinematic framework for large deformation an elasto-plastic damage model that is based on irreversible thermodynamics and internal state variable that is defined in terms of an internal damage variable of energy, along with a set of rate-independent elasto-plastic

  17. Kinematics of extreme waves in deep water John Grue*, Didier Clamond, Morten Huseby, Atle Jensen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clamond, Didier

    Kinematics of extreme waves in deep water John Grue*, Didier Clamond, Morten Huseby, Atle Jensen fluid velocity, e ffiffiffiffi g=k p is then defined. Deep water waves with a fluid velocity up to 75 2004 Abstract The velocity profiles under crest of a total of 62 different steep wave events in deep

  18. 3D Mapping Solutions GmbH Kinematic 3D Laser Scanning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... · Kinematic Survey of Road and Railway Networks for · Vehicle Navigation · Road Administrations · Car Industry system designed for road corridor mapping · Calibrated sensor platform · Object data acquisition based on: · Precise position and orientation determination for the moving sensor platform 1. International Conference

  19. A Kinematic Measurement of Ram Pressure in the Outer Disk of Regular Galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haan, Sebastian

    2014-01-01

    While most ram pressure studies have focused on ram pressure stripping in galaxy clusters, we devise a novel approach based on a kinematic measurement of ram pressure perturbations in HI velocity fields for intergalactic material (IGM) densities and relative velocities that are one to two orders of magnitude lower than in galaxies showing ram pressure stripping. Our model evaluates ram pressure induced kinematic terms in gas disks with constant inclination as well as those with a warped geometry. Ram pressure perturbations are characterized by kinematic modes of even order, m=0 and m=2, corresponding to a ram wind perpendicular and parallel to the gas disk, respectively. Long-term consequences of ram pressure, such as warped disks as well as uncertainties in the disk geometry typically generate uneven modes (m=1 and m=3), that are clearly distinguishable from the kinematic ram pressure terms. We have applied our models to three nearby isolated galaxies, utilizing Markov Chain Monte Carlo fitting routines to d...

  20. Investigating the kinematics of mountain building in Taiwan from the spatiotemporal evolution of the foreland basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simoes, Martine

    Investigating the kinematics of mountain building in Taiwan from the spatiotemporal evolution about 6.5 Myr ago in the north, and has since propagated southward. The building of the range has been to the growth of the orogen. This requires that a significant amount of the Chinese passive margin crust

  1. Vortex-Pair Dynamics in Anisotropic Bistable Media: A Kinematic Approach Aric Hagberg1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meron, Ehud

    Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA 2 Department of Solar Energy and Environmental Physics, BIDR, Ben Gurion type upon rotation by =2. We study vortex-pair dynamics by deriving kinematic equations for a front with contour lines that form a closed loop. Equations of this kind, but for isotropic systems and infinite

  2. Sunda-Java trench kinematics, slab window formation and overriding plate deformation since the Cretaceous

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müller, Dietmar

    Sunda-Java trench kinematics, slab window formation and overriding plate deformation since along the 3200 km long Sunda-Java trench, one of the largest subduction systems on Earth. Combining window underlying the Java­South Sumatra region, and we propose that decreased mantle wedge viscosities

  3. For publication in the Korea Australia J. of Rheology, 2001 KINEMATICS OF FILAMENT STRETCHING IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    For publication in the Korea Australia J. of Rheology, 2001 1 KINEMATICS OF FILAMENT STRETCHING, USA Abstract The development of filament stretching extensional rheometers over the past decade has function. At large strains and high extension rates the extension of fluid filaments in both dilute

  4. Seismotectonics of northeastern Taiwan: Kinematics of the transition from waning collision to subduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yih-Min

    Seismotectonics of northeastern Taiwan: Kinematics of the transition from waning collision; published 31 January 2012. [1] The northeastern region of Taiwan is one of the few places on Earth of normal fault systems. To the south, the spatial distribution of an earthquake cluster north of Taiwan

  5. Analysis of biomimetics in the application of robotic locomotion with a focus on structures, materials and dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Ari Parsons

    2011-01-01

    Biomimetics is the study and analysis of natural systems to inform engineering design and technology development. Through interdisciplinary research and analysis of natural phenomena, engineers are able to gain valuable ...

  6. IDENTIFYING THE YOUNG LOW-MASS STARS WITHIN 25 pc. II. DISTANCES, KINEMATICS, AND GROUP MEMBERSHIP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shkolnik, Evgenya L.; Anglada-Escude, Guillem; Liu, Michael C.; Bowler, Brendan P.; Weinberger, Alycia J.; Boss, Alan P.; Reid, I. Neill; Tamura, Motohide

    2012-10-10

    We have conducted a kinematic study of 165 young M dwarfs with ages of {approx}<300 Myr. Our sample is composed of stars and brown dwarfs with spectral types ranging from K7 to L0, detected by ROSAT and with photometric distances of {approx}<25 pc assuming that the stars are single and on the main sequence. In order to find stars kinematically linked to known young moving groups (YMGs), we measured radial velocities for the complete sample with Keck and CFHT optical spectroscopy and trigonometric parallaxes for 75 of the M dwarfs with the CAPSCam instrument on the du Pont 2.5 m Telescope. Due to their youthful overluminosity and unresolved binarity, the original photometric distances for our sample underestimated the distances by 70% on average, excluding two extremely young ({approx}<3 Myr) objects found to have distances beyond a few hundred parsecs. We searched for kinematic matches to 14 reported YMGs and identified 10 new members of the AB Dor YMG and 2 of the Ursa Majoris group. Additional possible candidates include six Castor, four Ursa Majoris, two AB Dor members, and one member each of the Her-Lyr and {beta} Pic groups. Our sample also contains 27 young low-mass stars and 4 brown dwarfs with ages {approx}<150 Myr that are not associated with any known YMG. We identified an additional 15 stars that are kinematic matches to one of the YMGs, but the ages from spectroscopic diagnostics and/or the positions on the sky do not match. These warn against grouping stars together based only on kinematics and that a confluence of evidence is required to claim that a group of stars originated from the same star-forming event.

  7. Deep analysis of perception through dynamic structures that emerge in cortical activity from self-regulated noise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Walter J III

    2009-01-01

    dynamic structures  that emerge in cortical activity from modulation (AM) patterns emerge in the ECoG, which are

  8. Web-Based Interactive Analysis and Animation of Mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Harry H.

    a mechanism in a Web browser and then click a button for kinematic and dynamic analysis, graphical plottingWeb-Based Interactive Analysis and Animation of Mechanisms Harry H. Cheng Professor Member of ASME A Web-based mechanism analysis and animation system is pre- sented in this article. The system

  9. Assessing Stability of the Knee In Vitro Using Envelope Normalized Kinematics and Principal Component Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fucinaro, Kaity

    2012-12-31

    !&)@!%$:*+5!:&;*!65*@!-&@&;*+4-! '%&@4)7!@*;4-*5!/^&+(%'?!*$!&'H!"b[">!Y%!*$!&'H!F="=>!T*$+47'4&)%!*$!&'H!F=""3H!0:*5*!$*5$5! &''%9!+*5*&+-:*+5!$%!&,,'8!()%9)!'%&@5!$%!$:*!N%4)$>!9:4-:!45!5%.*$:4)7!$:&$!-&))%$!I*! *&54'8!@%)*!4)!$:*!-'4)4-&'!*);4+%).*)$H!B$4...

  10. Kinematics of classical Cepheids in the Nuclear Stellar Disk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matsunaga, N; Yamamoto, R; Kobayashi, N; Inno, L; Genovali, K; Bono, G; Baba, J; Fujii, M S; Kondo, S; Ikeda, Y; Hamano, S; Nishiyama, S; Nagata, T; Aoki, W; Tsujimoto, T

    2014-01-01

    Classical Cepheids are useful tracers of the Galactic young stellar population because their distances and ages can be determined from their period-luminosity and period-age relations. In addition, the radial velocities and chemical abundance of the Cepheids can be derived from spectroscopic observations, providing further insights into the structure and evolution of the Galaxy. Here, we report the radial velocities of classical Cepheids near the Galactic Center, three of which were reported in 2011, the other reported for the first time. The velocities of these Cepheids suggest that the stars orbit within the Nuclear Stellar Disk, a group of stars and interstellar matter occupying a region of 200 pc around the Center, although the three-dimensional velocities cannot be determined until the proper motions are known. According to our simulation, these four Cepheids formed within the Nuclear Stellar Disk like younger stars and stellar clusters therein.

  11. Measurement of the dependence of transverse energy production at large rapidity on the hard scattering kinematics of proton–proton collisions at ?s = 2.76 TeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinberg, Peter; The ATLAS collaboration

    2015-01-01

    Measurements of hard processes in proton-lead (pPb) collisions provide the means to char- acterize the partonic structure of large nuclei. In centrality-selected pPb events, hard process rates probe the interplay between hard and soft processes, give insight into the geometric de- scription of these collisions, and may even reveal novel features of the proton wavefunction. We present measurements of jet production in 5.02 TeV pPb and 2.76 TeV pp collisions with the ATLAS detector at the LHC. The nuclear modification factor RpPb is presented for jets over broad rapidity (?2.1 energy of the jet, implying a dependence on the underlying parton-parton kinematics. A new control measurement of the hard scatter- ing kinematics-dependence of the mean transverse energy at large ra...

  12. X-RAY EJECTA KINEMATICS OF THE GALACTIC CORE-COLLAPSE SUPERNOVA REMNANT G292.0+1.8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhalerao, Jayant

    We report on the results from the analysis of our 114 ks Chandra High Energy Transmision Grating Spectrometer observation of the Galactic core-collapse supernova remnant G292.0+1.8. To probe the three-dimensional structure ...

  13. Structural analysis, design and evaluation of mock-up platform, monorail, and tank plate cut-out

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hundal, T.S.

    1995-12-19

    Platform - Structural analyses were performed for design seismic, live and dead load combinations for the freestanding platform over the partial DST mock-up section. The platform is to be used for Robotic ultrasonic inspection of the tank wall. It is a free standing structure anchored to floor slab with Hilti Kwik bolts.

  14. A comparative analysis of business structures suitable for farmer-owned wind power projects in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

    2004-01-01

    Support for Community Wind Power Development. LBNL-54715.Analysis of Community Wind Power Development Options inWhip Up Hopes for Wind Power Again. ” The Wall Street

  15. ALMA observations of the kinematics and chemistry of disc formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindberg, Johan E; Brinch, Christian; Haugbølle, Troels; Bergin, Edwin A; Harsono, Daniel; Persson, Magnus V; Visser, Ruud; Yamamoto, Satoshi

    2014-01-01

    Context: The R CrA cloud hosts a handful of Class 0/I low-mass young stellar objects. The chemistry and physics at scales $>500$ AU in this cloud are dominated by the irradiation from the nearby Herbig Be star R CrA. The luminous large-scale emission makes it necessary to use high-resolution spectral imaging to study the chemistry and dynamics of the inner envelopes and discs of the protostars. Aims: We aim to better understand the structure of the inner regions of these protostars and in particular the interplay between the chemistry and the presence of discs. Methods: Using Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) high-resolution spectral imaging interferometry observations, we study the molecular line and dust continuum emission at submillimetre wavelengths. Results: We detect dust continuum emission from four circumstellar discs around Class 0/I objects within the R CrA cloud. Towards IRS7B we detect C$^{17}$O emission showing a rotation curve consistent with a Keplerian disc with a well-define...

  16. Studies of the Single Particle Structure of Exotic Nuclei using Transfer Reactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fernandez-Dominguez, B.; Chartier, M.; Lemmon, R. C.; Pucknell, V. P. E.; Warner, D. D.; Timis, C.; Catford, W. N.; Baldwin, T. D.; Gelletly, W.; Pain, S. D.; Labiche, M.; Amzal, N.; Burns, M.; Chapman, R.; Liang, X.; Spohr, K.; Ashwood, N.; Curtis, N.; Freer, M.; Caballero, L.

    2006-04-26

    The TIARA+VAMOS+EXOGAM set-up has recently been installed at GANIL to study the single-particle structure of exotic nuclei. The unique characteristics of the TIARA array, combined with the large acceptance spectrometer VAMOS and the high efficiency Germanium detector array EXOGAM, has allowed high-resolution measurements of transfer reactions in inverse kinematics using low intensity exotic beams. We will describe the experimental set-up, data analysis and preliminary results of the first experiments using a 24Ne beam from SPIRAL, concentrating in particular on the performance of VAMOS that has been used to detect the heavy fragments after the (d,p) (d,d) and (d,t) reactions.

  17. On the fragility of nuclear stellar discs against galaxy mergers: surviving photometric and kinematic signatures of nuclear discs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarzi, M; Dotti, M

    2015-01-01

    Nuclear stellar discs (NSDs) can help to constrain the assembly history of their host galaxies, as long as we can assume them to be fragile structures that are disrupted during merger events. In this work we investigate the fragility of NSDs by means of N-body simulations reproducing the last phases of a galaxy encounter, when the nuclear regions of the two galaxies merge. For this, we exposed a NSD set in the gravitational potential of the bulge and supermassive black hole of a primary galaxy to the impact of the supermassive black hole from a secondary galaxy. We explored merger events of different mass ratios, from major mergers with a 1:1 mass ratio to intermediate and minor interactions with 1:5 and 1:10 ratios, while considering various impact geometries. We analyse the end results of such mergers from different viewing angles and looked for possible photometric and kinematic signatures of the presence of a disc in the remnant surface density and velocity maps, while adopting detection limits from real ...

  18. Comparison of the calorimetric and kinematic methods of neutrino energy reconstruction in disappearance experiments

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ankowski, Artur M.; Benhar, Omar; Coloma, Pilar; Huber, Patrick; Jen, Chun -Min; Mariani, Camillo; Meloni, Davide; Vagnoni, Erica

    2015-10-22

    To be able to achieve their physics goals, future neutrino-oscillation experiments will need to reconstruct the neutrino energy with very high accuracy. In this work, we analyze how the energy reconstruction may be affected by realistic detection capabilities, such as energy resolutions, efficiencies, and thresholds. This allows us to estimate how well the detector performance needs to be determined a priori in order to avoid a sizable bias in the measurement of the relevant oscillation parameters. We compare the kinematic and calorimetric methods of energy reconstruction in the context of two ?? ? ?? disappearance experiments operating in different energymore »regimes. For the calorimetric reconstruction method, we find that the detector performance has to be estimated with an O(10%) accuracy to avoid a significant bias in the extracted oscillation parameters. Thus, in the case of kinematic energy reconstruction, we observe that the results exhibit less sensitivity to an overestimation of the detector capabilities.« less

  19. Comparison of the calorimetric and kinematic methods of neutrino energy reconstruction in disappearance experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ankowski, Artur M; Coloma, Pilar; Huber, Patrick; Jen, Chun-Min; Mariani, Camillo; Meloni, Davide; Vagnoni, Erica

    2015-01-01

    To be able to achieve their physics goals, future neutrino-oscillation experiments will need to reconstruct the neutrino energy with very high accuracy. In this work, we analyze how the energy reconstruction may be affected by realistic detection capabilities, such as energy resolutions, efficiencies, and thresholds. This allows us to estimate how well the detector performance needs to be determined a priori in order to avoid a sizable bias in the measurement of the relevant oscillation parameters. We compare the kinematic and calorimetric methods of energy reconstruction in the context of two muon-neutrino disappearance experiments operating in different energy regimes. For the calorimetric reconstruction method, we find that the detector performance has to be estimated with a ~10% accuracy to avoid a significant bias in the extracted oscillation parameters. On the other hand, in the case of kinematic energy reconstruction, we observe that the results exhibit less sensitivity to an overestimation of the dete...

  20. Kinematic wave model for transient bed profiles in alluvial channels under nonequilibrium conditions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tayfur, Gokmen; Singh, Vijay P.

    2007-12-27

    for transient bed profiles in alluvial channels under nonequilibrium conditions Gokmen Tayfur 1 and Vijay P. Singh 2 Received 31 October 2006; revised 22 May 2007; accepted 19 July 2007; published 27 December 2007. [1] Transient bed profiles in alluvial channels.... The model satisfactorily simulated transient bed forms observed in laboratory experiments. Citation: Tayfur, G., and V. P. Singh (2007), Kinematic wave model for transient bed profiles in alluvial channels under nonequilibrium conditions, Water Resour. Res...

  1. Folds above angular fault bends: mechanical constraints for backlimb trishear kinematic models 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Li

    2004-11-15

    for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style and content by: Judith S. Chester (Chair of Committee) Frederick M. Chester (Member) Charles P. Aubeny (Member) Andrew Hajash Jr. (Head of Department) August 2003 Major Subject: Geology iii ABSTRACT Folds... above Angular Fault Bends: Mechanical Constraints for Backlimb Trishear Kinematic Models. (August 2003) Li Zhang, B.E.; M.S., Southwest Petroleum Institute, P.R.China Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Judith S. Chester The backlimb trishear velocity eld...

  2. The investigation of the gamma-gamma->WW including electromagnetic corrections at the TESLA kinematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. Marfin; V. Mossolov; T. Shishkina

    2003-05-17

    The WW production in gamma-gamma scattering is considered in the Standard Model. The main contribution to radiative effects for the process gamma-gamma->WW has been calculating and analyzing. It is found the latter is considerable at high energies and greatly contributes to the differential cross section $d\\sigma$ at various polarizations of initial photons and final bosons. Monte-Carlo generator built based on TESLA kinematics.

  3. Anomalous quartic boson couplings via gamma gamma --> WW and gamma gamma --> WWZ at the TESLA kinematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. B. Marfin; V. A. Mossolov; T. V. Shishkina

    2003-04-30

    The production of two and three electroweak gauge bosons in the high-energy $\\gamma\\gamma$ collisions gives the well opportunity to probe anomalous quartic gauge boson couplings. The influence of five possible anomalous couplings on the cross sections for $W^+W^-$, $W^+W^-\\gamma$, $W^+W^-Z$ productions has been investigated at the TESLA kinematics ($\\sqrt{S}\\sim 1$ TeV). There are the reasonable discriminations between various anomalous contributions.

  4. The investigation of the gg->WW including electromagnetic corrections at the TESLA kinematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marfin, I B; Shishkina, T

    2003-01-01

    The WW production in gamma-gamma scattering is considered in the Standard Model. The main contribution to radiative effects for the process gg->WW has been calculating and analyzing. It is found the latter is considerable at high energies and greatly contributes to the differential cross section $d\\sigma$ at various polarizations of initial photons and final bosons. Monte-Carlo generator built based on TESLA kinematics.

  5. POTENTIAL MEMBERS OF STELLAR KINEMATIC GROUPS WITHIN 30 pc OF THE SUN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nakajima, Tadashi; Morino, Jun-Ichi

    2012-01-15

    We analyze the kinematic histories of stars within 30 pc of the Sun, for which three-dimensional spatial coordinates and three-dimensional velocity vectors are available. From this sample, we extract members of stellar kinematic groups (SKGs) in the following manner. First, we consider in the three-dimensional velocity space centered on the local standard of rest, a sphere with a radius of 8 km s{sup -1} centered on the mean velocity vector of a particular SKG. Around each SKG velocity center, we have found a significant excess of stars compared to background field stars. For each candidate, in the three-dimensional spatial coordinate space, its trajectory is traced back in time by the age of the relevant SKG to obtain the estimated distance from the SKG center at the time of the SKG's birth by the epicyclic approximation and harmonic vertical motion. It often happens that a star is a candidate member of multiple SKGs. Then we rank the candidacy to multiple SKGs based on the smallness of distance separations. In this manner, we have kinematically selected 238 candidates. We further impose at least one of the following qualitative criteria for being a member: spectral type A or B, variability, or EUV and X-ray emission. We have finally selected 137 candidate members of SKGs out of a sample of 966 stars.

  6. Structure of N-12 using C-11+p resonance scattering 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perajarvi, K.; Fu, Changbo; Rogachev, G. V.; Chubarian, G.; Goldberg, V. Z.; Guo, F. Q.; Lee, D.; Moltz, D. M.; Powell, J.; Skorodumov, B. B.; Tabacaru, G.; Tang, X. D.; Tribble, Robert E.; Brown, B. A.; Volya, A.; Cerny, Joseph.

    2006-01-01

    The level structure of N-12 has been investigated from 2.2 to 11.0 MeV in excitation energy using a C-11+p resonance interaction with thick targets and inverse kinematics. Excitation functions were fitted using an R-matrix approach. Sixteen levels...

  7. Kinematics of Electrons in The Volume of a Planar Vacuum Diode in Regime of Saturation. Parameters of Hysteresis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dimitar G. Stoyanov

    2014-12-19

    The kinematics laws of electrons motion in the volume of a planar vacuum diode running in regime of current saturation are used. The characteristics of diode hysteresis in the conditions of S-figurative instability are got and analyzed.

  8. Towards practical implementation of computational solution of the Kinematic -wave Model for simulating traffic-flow scenarios 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Nishant

    2004-11-15

    The Kinematic-wave model is one of the models proposed to simulate vehicular traffic. It has not received widespread use because of poor understanding of associated interface conditions and early use of incorrect numerical schemes used. This thesis...

  9. Characterization and Analysis Methods for the Examination of the Heterogeneous Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Electrode Microstructure, Part 1: Volumetric Measurements of the Heterogeneous Structure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grew, Kyle N.; Peracchio, Aldo A.; Joshi, Abhijit S.; Izzo, Jr., John R.; Chiu, W. K. S.

    2010-12-15

    Advanced imaging and characterization methods have permitted the 3-D and phase-specific reconstruction of dense and opaque samples with features that have a length scale on the order of tens of nanometers and comprised of materials with large X-ray mass absorption coefficients. Engineered materials, like those found in solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) electrodes, use complex materials that have often limited opportunities to perform 3-D characterization and analysis. Still, characterization and analysis methods are needed to better understand these structures and their functional impact. The development, verification, and validation of methods used by the authors for the characterization and analysis of the heterogeneous SOFC anode are discussed in this work. These methods include the measurement of the volume fractions of the individual phases, contiguity or volumetric connectivity, tortuosity, and interfacial properties. A second and complementary part of this work will examine quantitative methods that provide detailed descriptions of the structure and its relations to the transport processes that it must support. These efforts are intended to describe the formulation of methods developed to provide insight into the SOFC anode nano/microstructure.

  10. Design and analysis of algorithms and data structures for the efficient solution of graph theoretic problems on MIMD computers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quinn, M.J.

    1983-01-01

    The problem of developing efficient algorithms and data structures to solve graph theoretic problems on tightly-coupled MIMD comuters is addressed. Several approaches to parallelizing a serial algorithm are examined. A technique is developed which allows the prediction of the expected execution time of some kinds of parallel algorithms. This technique can be used to determine which parallel algorithm is best for a particular application. Two parallel approximate algorithms for the Euclidean traveling salesman problem are designed and analyzed. The algorithms are parallelizations of the farthest-insertion heuristic and Karp's partitioning algorithm. Software lockout, the delay of processes due to contention for shared data structure, can be a significant hindrance to obtaining satisfactory speedup. Using the tactics of indirection and replication, new data structures are devised which can reduce the severity of software lockout. Finally, an upper bound to the speedup of parallel branch-and-bound algorithms which use the best-bound search strategy is determined.

  11. Measurement of joint kinematics using a conventional clinical single-perspective flat-panel radiography system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seslija, Petar; Teeter, Matthew G.; Yuan Xunhua; Naudie, Douglas D. R.; Bourne, Robert B.; MacDonald, Steven J.; Peters, Terry M.; Holdsworth, David W.

    2012-10-15

    Purpose: The ability to accurately measure joint kinematics is an important tool in studying both normal joint function and pathologies associated with injury and disease. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy, accuracy, precision, and clinical safety of measuring 3D joint motion using a conventional flat-panel radiography system prior to its application in an in vivo study. Methods: An automated, image-based tracking algorithm was implemented to measure the three-dimensional pose of a sparse object from a two-dimensional radiographic projection. The algorithm was tested to determine its efficiency and failure rate, defined as the number of image frames where automated tracking failed, or required user intervention. The accuracy and precision of measuring three-dimensional motion were assessed using a robotic controlled, tibiofemoral knee phantom programmed to mimic a subject with a total knee replacement performing a stair ascent activity. Accuracy was assessed by comparing the measurements of the single-plane radiographic tracking technique to those of an optical tracking system, and quantified by the measurement discrepancy between the two systems using the Bland-Altman technique. Precision was assessed through a series of repeated measurements of the tibiofemoral kinematics, and was quantified using the across-trial deviations of the repeated kinematic measurements. The safety of the imaging procedure was assessed by measuring the effective dose of ionizing radiation associated with the x-ray exposures, and analyzing its relative risk to a human subject. Results: The automated tracking algorithm displayed a failure rate of 2% and achieved an average computational throughput of 8 image frames/s. Mean differences between the radiographic and optical measurements for translations and rotations were less than 0.08 mm and 0.07 Degree-Sign in-plane, and 0.24 mm and 0.6 Degree-Sign out-of-plane. The repeatability of kinematics measurements performed using the radiographic tracking technique was better than {+-}0.09 mm and 0.12 Degree-Sign in-plane, and {+-}0.70 mm and {+-}0.07 Degree-Sign out-of-plane. The effective dose associated with the imaging protocol used was 15 {mu}Sv for 10 s of radiographic cine acquisition. Conclusions: This study demonstrates the ability to accurately measure knee-joint kinematics using a single-plane radiographic measurement technique. The measurement technique can be easily implemented at most clinical centers equipped with a modern-day radiographic x-ray system. The dose of ionizing radiation associated with the image acquisition represents a minimal risk to any subjects undergoing the examination.

  12. Structural evolution across the insulator-metal transition in oxygen-deficient BaTiO3-? studied using neutron total scattering and Rietveld analysis

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Jeong, I.-K.; Lee, Seunghun; Jeong, Se-Young; Won, C. J.; Hur, N.; Llobet, A.

    2011-08-01

    Oxygen-deficient BaTiO3-? exhibits an insulator-metal transition with increasing ?. We performed neutron total scattering measurements to study structural evolution across an insulator-metal transition in BaTiO3-?. Despite its significant impact on resistivity, slight oxygen reduction (?=0.09) caused only a small disturbance on the local doublet splitting of Ti-O bond. This finding implies that local polarization is well preserved under marginal electric conduction. In the highly oxygen-deficient metallic state (?=0.25), however, doublet splitting of the Ti-O bond became smeared. The smearing of the local Ti-O doublet is complemented with long-range structural analysis and demonstrates that the metallic conduction in the highly oxygen-reducedmore »BaTiO3-? is due to the appearance of nonferroelectric cubic lattice.« less

  13. Structural evolution across the insulator-metal transition in oxygen-deficient BaTiO3-? studied using neutron total scattering and Rietveld analysis

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Jeong, I.-K.; Lee, Seunghun; Jeong, Se-Young; Won, C. J.; Hur, N.; Llobet, A.

    2011-08-01

    Oxygen-deficient BaTiO3-? exhibits an insulator-metal transition with increasing ?. We performed neutron total scattering measurements to study structural evolution across an insulator-metal transition in BaTiO3-?. Despite its significant impact on resistivity, slight oxygen reduction (?=0.09) caused only a small disturbance on the local doublet splitting of Ti-O bond. This finding implies that local polarization is well preserved under marginal electric conduction. In the highly oxygen-deficient metallic state (?=0.25), however, doublet splitting of the Ti-O bond became smeared. The smearing of the local Ti-O doublet is complemented with long-range structural analysis and demonstrates that the metallic conduction in the highly oxygen-reduced BaTiO3-? is due to the appearance of nonferroelectric cubic lattice.

  14. ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, VOL. 27, NO. 6, 2010, 12591275 Analysis of the Microphysical Structure of Heavy Fog

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Structure of Heavy Fog sing a Droplet Spectrometer: A Case Study NIU Shengjie1 ( µ ), LU Chunsong1,2 (ö properties of a long-lasting heavy fog event are examined based on the results from a comprehensive field. It is demonstrated that the key microphysical properties (liquid water content, fog droplet concentration, mean

  15. Average structural analysis of the extractable material of young soot gathered in an ethylene inverse diffusion flame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utah, University of

    January 2007 Abstract Conventional analytical methods such as 1 H NMR, vapor pressure osmometry (VPO structural parameters 1. Introduction Soot formation during the incomplete combustion of hydrocarbons technique is that it fails to detect ali- phatic hydrocarbons and light aromatic compounds

  16. Examining Commuting Times and Jobs-housing Imbalance in Seoul: An Empirical Analysis of Urban Spatial Structure 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jin, Sun Mi

    2012-10-19

    ......................................................................... 26 3.2 Methodology: Stratified Sampling and Multiple Regression Models ............................................................................... 28 4. RESULTS... and an additional fare is charged for each 5 km after an initial 10 km. The fare collection system for both the bus and subway has been through a smart card since 2009. Accordingly, the fare structure includes transfers, which guarantees free boarding within 30...

  17. Dye-sensitized solar cells based on a nanoparticle/nanotube bilayer structure and their equivalent circuit analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Zhiqun

    of anatase and rutile phases. As one of the major renewable energy sources, solar energy has the potential to become an essential component of future global energy production. Dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs)1Dye-sensitized solar cells based on a nanoparticle/nanotube bilayer structure and their equivalent

  18. Seismic analysis of the Mirror Fusion Test Facility: soil structure interaction analyses of the Axicell vacuum vessel. Revision 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maslenikov, O.R.; Mraz, M.J.; Johnson, J.J.

    1986-03-01

    This report documents the seismic analyses performed by SMA for the MFTF-B Axicell vacuum vessel. In the course of this study we performed response spectrum analyses, CLASSI fixed-base analyses, and SSI analyses that included interaction effects between the vessel and vault. The response spectrum analysis served to benchmark certain modeling differences between the LLNL and SMA versions of the vessel model. The fixed-base analysis benchmarked the differences between analysis techniques. The SSI analyses provided our best estimate of vessel response to the postulated seismic excitation for the MFTF-B facility, and included consideration of uncertainties in soil properties by calculating response for a range of soil shear moduli. Our results are presented in this report as tables of comparisons of specific member forces from our analyses and the analyses performed by LLNL. Also presented are tables of maximum accelerations and relative displacements and plots of response spectra at various selected locations.

  19. Probabilistic analysis of air void structure and its relationship to permeability and moisture damage of hot mix asphalt 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castelblanco Torres, Adhara

    2006-04-12

    ............................24 Probabilistic Analysis of Air Void Size and Permeability..........................29 Summary .....................................................................................................50 IV THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN AIR VOID... ..............................................................................................................................106 ix LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page 1 Schematic of the X-ray CT scanner. .....................................................................16 2 X-ray CT images of an LKC specimen: (a) grey scale image...

  20. Solution structure and functional analysis of a frameshift-stimulating RNA pseudoknot from sugarcane yellow leaf virus 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cornish, Peter Verle

    2006-04-12

    for maintaining frameshifting efficiency and pseudoknot stability. A proposed P1-P2 mRNA pseudoknot from sugarcane yellow leaf virus (ScYLV) was of interest since it contained two adenosine to cytidine substitutions in L2. Functional analysis shows...