Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour kwh joules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

NREL: News - NREL Finds Up to 6-cent per Kilowatt-Hour Extra...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

714 NREL Finds Up to 6-cent per Kilowatt-Hour Extra Value with Concentrated Solar Power The greater the penetration of renewables in California, the greater the value of CSP with...

2

Sandia National Laboratories: $0.06 per kilowatt-hour for solar electricity  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared0 ResourceAwardsSafeguards andSan$0.06 per kilowatt-hour for solar

3

Enhanced Joule Heating in Umbral Dots  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a study of magnetic profiles of umbral dots (UDs) and its consequences on the Joule heating mechanisms. Hamedivafa (2003) studied Joule heating using vertical component of magnetic field. In this paper UDs magnetic profile has been investigated including the new azimuthal component of magnetic field which might explain the relatively larger enhancement of Joule heating causing more brightness near circumference of UD.

Chandan Joshi; Lokesh Bharti; S. N. A. Jaaffrey

2007-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

4

Property:Incentive/PVNPFitDolKWh | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County,ContAddr2 Jump to: navigation, searchExpireDtStringPVNPFitDolKWh Jump

5

Joule Unlimited previously Joule Biotechnologies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429 Throttled (botOpen6 Climate ZoneJeromeCounty is aJoseph Hot SpringsJoule

6

joule08tit.ai  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 Industrial Carbon CaptureFY08 Joint JOULE Milestone on Rotation with thanks to

7

Energy Unit Conversion Factors / 1Joule (J) equals 1 2.78 x lO-7 9.49 x 1o-4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Unit Conversion Factors J kWh Btu -~ / 1Joule (J) equals 1 2.78 x lO-7 9.49 x 1o-4 1.25 x lo5i Uranium = 235 (1 gram) 8.28 x lOlo 2.30 x lo4 7.84 x lo7 Deuterium (1 gram) 2.38 x 1011 6

Kostic, Milivoje M.

8

Every Joule is Precious Carla Schlatter Ellis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Goals /Metrics · Battery lifetime (hours) · Energy usage (by fixed task set) (Joules) · Energy * Delay lifetime Battery-powered Laptop Non-energy-aware general purpose applications Go Project #12;Indiana, February 2005© 2005, Carla Schlatter Ellis Energy for computing is an important

Ellis, Carla

9

Energy Security in Nova Scotia Larry Hughes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of energy) PV ­ Photovoltaic (usually solar panels that generate electricity from the sun) RES ­ Renewable ) joules (a unit of energy) HST ­ Harmonized Sales Tax (Nova Scotia's sales tax: 8% provincial plus 6% federal) ha ­ hectare IEA ­ International Energy Agency kWh ­ Kilowatt-hour (a unit of energy) LDV ­ Light

Hughes, Larry

10

Optimal joule heating of the subsurface  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for simultaneously heating the subsurface and imaging the effects of the heating is disclosed. This method combines the use of tomographic imaging (electrical resistance tomography or ERT) to image electrical resistivity distribution underground, with joule heating by electrical currents injected in the ground. A potential distribution is established on a series of buried electrodes resulting in energy deposition underground which is a function of the resistivity and injection current density. Measurement of the voltages and currents also permits a tomographic reconstruction of the resistivity distribution. Using this tomographic information, the current injection pattern on the driving electrodes can be adjusted to change the current density distribution and thus optimize the heating. As the heating changes conditions, the applied current pattern can be repeatedly adjusted (based on updated resistivity tomographs) to affect real time control of the heating.

Berryman, J.G.; Daily, W.D.

1994-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

11

Optimal joule heating of the subsurface  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for simultaneously heating the subsurface and imaging the effects of the heating. This method combines the use of tomographic imaging (electrical resistance tomography or ERT) to image electrical resistivity distribution underground, with joule heating by electrical currents injected in the ground. A potential distribution is established on a series of buried electrodes resulting in energy deposition underground which is a function of the resistivity and injection current density. Measurement of the voltages and currents also permits a tomographic reconstruction of the resistivity distribution. Using this tomographic information, the current injection pattern on the driving electrodes can be adjusted to change the current density distribution and thus optimize the heating. As the heating changes conditions, the applied current pattern can be repeatedly adjusted (based on updated resistivity tomographs) to affect real time control of the heating.

Berryman, James G. (Danville, CA); Daily, William D. (Livermore, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Joule Equivalent of Electrical Energy by Dr. James E. Parks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Joule Equivalent of Electrical Energy by Dr. James E. Parks Department of Physics and Astronomy 401 The objectives of this experiment are: (1) to understand the equivalence of electrical energy and heat energy, (2) to learn techniques of calorimetry, (3) to learn how to measure electrical energy, and (4) to measure

Tennessee, University of

13

Analytical and Numerical Study of Joule Heating Effects on Electrokinetically Pumped Continuous Flow PCR Chips  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analytical and Numerical Study of Joule Heating Effects on Electrokinetically Pumped Continuous, and the potential for integration.1-3 Joule heating is inevitable when electrokinetic pumping is used Form: December 8, 2007 Joule heating is an inevitable phenomenon for microfluidic chips involving

Le Roy, Robert J.

14

Nanoscale Joule heating, Peltier cooling and current crowding at graphenemetal contacts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanoscale Joule heating, Peltier cooling and current crowding at graphene­metal contacts Kyle L are the Joule and Peltier effects. The Joule effect9 occurs as charge carriers dissipate energy within the lattice, and is pro- portional to resistance and the square of the current. The Peltier effect17

King, William P.

15

Assessment of Indoor Air Quality Benefits and Energy Costs of Mechanical Ventilation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

heating, given the higher cost per KWh for electricity, aaverage cost of electrical energy per kilowatt-hour (kWh) is

Logue, J.M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Joule heating generated by spin current through Josephson junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We theoretically study the spin-polarized current flowing through a Josephson junction (JJ) in a spin injection device. When the spin-polarized current is injected from a ferromagnet in a superconductor (SC), the charge current is carried by the superconducting condensate (Cooper pairs), while the spin-up and spin-down currents flow in equal magnitude but in the opposite direction in a SC, because of no quasiparticle charge current in the SC. This indicates that not only the Josephson current but also the spin current flow across JJ at zero bias voltage, thereby generating Joule heating by the spin current. The result provides a new method for detecting the spin current by measuring Joule heating at JJ. {copyright} 2001 American Institute of Physics.

Takahashi, S.; Yamashita, T.; Koyama, T.; Maekawa, S.; Imamura, H.

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Joule heating induced by vortex motion in a type-II superconductor Z. L. Xiao and E. Y. Andrei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Joule heating induced by vortex motion in a type-II superconductor Z. L. Xiao and E. Y. Andrei-II superconductor due to Joule heating induced by vortex motion. The effect of Joule heating is detected s duration, where the Joule heating is negligible and saturates, respectively. The thermometry is based

Andrei, Eva Y.

18

Joule Heating and Anomalous Resistivity in the Solar Corona  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent radioastronomical observations of Faraday rotation in the solar corona can be interpreted as evidence for coronal currents, with values as large as $2.5 \\times 10^9$ Amperes (Spangler 2007). These estimates of currents are used to develop a model for Joule heating in the corona. It is assumed that the currents are concentrated in thin current sheets, as suggested by theories of two dimensional magnetohydrodynamic turbulence. The Spitzer result for the resistivity is adopted as a lower limit to the true resistivity. The calculated volumetric heating rate is compared with an independent theoretical estimate by Cranmer et al (2007). This latter estimate accounts for the dynamic and thermodynamic properties of the corona at a heliocentric distance of several solar radii. Our calculated Joule heating rate is less than the Cranmer et al estimate by at least a factor of $3 \\times 10^5$. The currents inferred from the observations of Spangler (2007) are not relevant to coronal heating unless the true resistivity is enormously increased relative to the Spitzer value. However, the same model for turbulent current sheets used to calculate the heating rate also gives an electron drift speed which can be comparable to the electron thermal speed, and larger than the ion acoustic speed. It is therefore possible that the coronal current sheets are unstable to current-driven instabilities which produce high levels of waves, enhance the resistivity and thus the heating rate.

Steven R. Spangler

2008-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

19

Effect of Joule heating on orientation of spheroidal particle in alternating electric field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effect of Joule heating on orientation of spheroidal particle in alternating electric field Yu electric conductivities. We show that the rate of Joule heating of the particle depends on the orientation electric conductivity in the system. The frequen- cies 1 and 2 are determined by biquadratic equation see

Elperin, Tov

20

Joule heating and nitric oxide in the thermosphere, 2 Charles A. Barth1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Joule heating and nitric oxide in the thermosphere, 2 Charles A. Barth1 Received 14 April 2010, gravity waves propagate from the polar regions toward the equator heating the thermosphere at 140 km and higher. These gravity waves are produced by Joule heating that occurs at latitudes of 60° and higher

Bailey, Scott

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour kwh joules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Joule heating effects on electrokinetic focusing and trapping of particles in constriction microchannels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Joule heating effects on electrokinetic focusing and trapping of particles in constriction for more Home Search Collections Journals About Contact us My IOPscience #12;IOP PUBLISHING JOURNAL.1088/0960-1317/22/7/075011 Joule heating effects on electrokinetic focusing and trapping of particles in constriction microchannels

Xuan, Xiangchun "Schwann"

22

Modeling, Optimization, and Experimentation with a Two Stage Mixed Gas Cascaded Joule Thomson Cryoprobe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling, Optimization, and Experimentation with a Two Stage Mixed Gas Cascaded Joule Thomson-stage Mixed Gas Joule Thomson (MGJT) cycle is capable of providing compact cooling for cryoprobes". A computational model of a commercially available two stage MGJT cryoprobe donated by American Medical Systems

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

23

Refractory electrodes for joule heating and methods of using same  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A certain group of electrically conductive refractory materials presently known for use in high temperature applications as throat constructions, melter sidewalls, forehearth, stacks, port sills, hot face lining for slagging coal gasifiers, slag runners, and linings for nuclear waste encapsulation furnaces may be used as electrodes permitting joule heating at temperatures in excess of 1200 C. in excess of about 4400 hours even in the presence of transition group element(s). More specifically, the invention is an electrode for melting earthen materials, wherein the electrode is made from an electrically conductive refractory material, specifically at least one metal oxide wherein the metal is selected from the group consisting of chrome, ruthenium, rhodium, tin and combinations thereof.

Lamar, David A. (West Richland, WA); Chapman, Chris C. (Richland, WA); Elliott, Michael L. (Kennewick, WA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Refractory electrodes for joule heating and methods of using same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A certain group of electrically conductive refractory materials presently known for use in high temperature applications as throat constructions, melter sidewalls, forehearth, stacks, port sills, hot face lining for slagging coal gasifiers, slag runners, and linings for nuclear waste encapsulation furnaces may be used as electrodes permitting joule heating at temperatures in excess of 1,200 C in excess of about 4400 hours even in the presence of transition group element(s). More specifically, the invention is an electrode for melting earthen materials, wherein the electrode is made from an electrically conductive refractory material, specifically at least one metal oxide wherein the metal is selected from the group consisting of chrome, ruthenium, rhodium, tin and combinations thereof. 2 figs.

Lamar, D.A.; Chapman, C.C.; Elliott, M.L.

1998-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

25

Final Report on the Joule-Scale Experimental Demonstration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe the final results of the High Power Laser Pulse Recirculation project. We have developed and implementing a novel technique for picosecond, Joule-class laser pulse recirculation inside a passive cavity. The aim of this project was to develop technology compatible with increasing the efficiency of Compton based light sources by more than an order of magnitude. In year 1 of the project, we achieved a greater than 40 times average power enhancement of the mJ-scale laser pulses inside a passive cavity with internal focus. In year 2, we demonstrated recirculation of lasers pulses with energies up to 191 mJ at 532 nm, at a repetition rate of 10 Hz, and a pulse duration of 20 ps. In this high energy regime, we achieved up to 14 times average power enhancement inside the cavity. This enhancement factor is compatible with the new X-band based mono-energetic gamma-ray machine, Velociraptor, being constructed at LLNL. The demonstrated cavity enhancement is primarily limited by the poor spatial beam quality of the high power laser beam. We expect a nearly diffraction limited laser beam to achieve 40 times or better cavity enhancement, as demonstrated in low energy experiments in FY-07. The two primary obstacles to higher average brightness and conversion efficiency of laser pulse energy to gamma-rays are the relatively small Compton scattering cross-section and the typically low repetition rates of Joule-class interaction lasers (10 Hz). Only a small fraction (10{sup -10}) of the available laser photons is converted to gamma-rays, while the rest is discarded. To significantly reduce the average power requirements of the laser and increase the overall system efficiency, we can recirculate laser light for repeated interactions with electron bunches. Our pulse recirculation scheme is based on nonlinear frequency conversion, termed recirculation injection by nonlinear gating (RING), inside a passive cavity. The main objectives of the two year project were: (1) Validate the concept of RING pulse trapping and recirculation technique. Completed Sep. 07 (2) Develop cavity designs compatible with a laser-electron Compton light source. Completed January 08. (3) Demonstrate trapping and recirculation of laser pulses suitable for high brightness gamma-ray generation. Completed Aug. 08 Our project has established RING as a viable technology for enhancing Compton scattering based gamma-ray generation. With sufficient funding we can implement pulse recirculation on the next generation Mono-energetic Gamma-Ray machine under construction at LLNL.

Shverdin, M

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Electro-osmotic infusion for joule heating soil remediation techniques  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Electro-osmotic infusion of ground water or chemically tailored electrolyte is used to enhance, maintain, or recondition electrical conductivity for the joule heating remediation technique. Induced flows can be used to infuse electrolyte with enhanced ionic conductivity into the vicinity of the electrodes, maintain the local saturation of near-electrode regions and resaturate a partially dried out zone with groundwater. Electro-osmotic infusion can also tailor the conductivity throughout the target layer by infusing chemically modified and/or heated electrolyte to improve conductivity contrast of the interior. Periodic polarity reversals will prevent large pH changes at the electrodes. Electro-osmotic infusion can be used to condition the electrical conductivity of the soil, particularly low permeability soil, before and during the heating operation. Electro-osmotic infusion is carried out by locating one or more electrodes adjacent the heating electrodes and applying a dc potential between two or more electrodes. Depending on the polarities of the electrodes, the induced flow will be toward the heating electrodes or away from the heating electrodes. In addition, electrodes carrying a dc potential may be located throughout the target area to tailor the conductivity of the target area.

Carrigan, Charles R. (Tracy, CA); Nitao, John J. (Castro Valley, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

A FINITE ELEMENT MODEL FOR THE TIME-DEPENDENT JOULE HEATING PROBLEM*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.3) 0 system models the electric heating* *ial differential equation describing the electric heating of a conducting body. We prove err* *or A FINITE ELEMENT MODEL FOR THE TIME-DEPENDENT JOULE HEATING PROBLEM

Larsson, Stig

28

Chlorine hazard evaluation for the zinc-chlorine electric vehicle battery. Final technical report. [50 kWh  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hazards associated with conceivable accidental chlorine releases from zinc-chlorine electric vehicle batteries are evaluated. Since commercial batteries are not yet available, this hazard assessment is based on both theoretical chlorine dispersion models and small-scale and large-scale spill tests with chlorine hydrate (which is the form of chlorine storage in the charged battery). Six spill tests involving the chlorine hydrate equivalent of a 50-kWh battery indicate that the danger zone in which chlorine vapor concentrations intermittently exceed 100 ppM extends at least 23 m directly downwind of a spill onto a warm (30 to 38/sup 0/C) road surface. Other accidental chlorine release scenarios may also cause some distress, but are not expected to produce the type of life-threatening chlorine exposures that can result from large hydrate spills. Chlorine concentration data from the hydrate spill tests compare favorably with calculations based on a quasi-steady area source dispersion model and empirical estimates of the hydrate decomposition rate. The theoretical dispersion model was combined with assumed hydrate spill probabilities and current motor vehicle accident statistics in order to project expected chlorine-induced fatality rates. These calculations indicate that expected chlorine fataility rates are several times higher in a city such as Los Angeles with a warm and calm climate than in a colder and windier city such as Boston. Calculated chlorine-induced fatality rate projections for various climates are presented as a function of hydrate spill probability in order to illustrate the degree of vehicle/battery crashworthiness required to maintain chlorine-induced fatality rates below current vehicle fatality rates due to fires and asphyxiations. 37 figures, 19 tables.

Zalosh, R. G.; Bajpai, S. N.; Short, T. P.; Tsui, R. K.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Hybrid joule heating/electro-osmosis process for extracting contaminants from soil layers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Joule (ohmic) heating and electro-osmosis are combined in a hybrid process for removal of both water-soluble contaminants and non-aqueous phase liquids from contaminated, low-permeability soil formations that are saturated. Central to this hybrid process is the partial desaturation of the formation or layer using electro-osmosis to remove a portion of the pore fluids by induction of a ground water flow to extraction wells. Joule heating is then performed on a partially desaturated formation. The joule heating and electro-osmosis operations can be carried out simultaneously or sequentially if the desaturation by electro-osmosis occurs initially. Joule heating of the desaturated formation results in a very effective transfer or partitioning of liquid state contaminants to the vapor phase. The heating also substantially increases the vapor phase pressure in the porous formation. As a result, the contaminant laden vapor phase is forced out into soil layers of a higher permeability where other conventional removal processes, such as steam stripping or ground water extraction can be used to capture the contaminants. This hybrid process is more energy efficient than joule heating or steam stripping for cleaning low permeability formations and can share electrodes to minimize facility costs.

Carrigan, Charles R.; Nitao, John J.

2003-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

30

Direct Observation of Nanoscale Peltier and Joule Effects at Metal-Insulator Domain Walls in Vanadium Dioxide Nanobeams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Direct Observation of Nanoscale Peltier and Joule Effects at Metal- Insulator Domain Walls localized alternating Peltier heating and cooling as well as Joule heating concentrated at the M-I domain the monoclinic phase identification. KEYWORDS: Vanadium dioxide, thermoreflectance microscopy, Peltier effect

Wu, Junqiao

31

Joule heating and heat transfer in poly(dimethylsiloxane) microfluidic systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Joule heating and heat transfer in poly(dimethylsiloxane) microfluidic systems David Erickson microfluidic/biochip systems must have the ability to rapidly reject this heat to the surroundings. Generally it is the ability to dissipate this heat that limits the strength of the applied electric field and thus the maximum

Erickson, David

32

A JOULE-HEATED MELTER TECHNOLOGY FOR THE TREATMENT AND IMMOBILIZATION OF LOW-ACTIVITY WASTE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is one of four reports written to provide background information regarding immobilization technologies remaining under consideration for supplemental immobilization of Hanford's low-activity waste. This paper provides the reader a general understanding of joule-heated ceramic lined melters and their application to Hanford's low-activity waste.

KELLY SE

2011-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

33

Cherish every Joule: Maximizing throughput with an eye on network-wide energy consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cherish every Joule: Maximizing throughput with an eye on network-wide energy consumption Canming: {jcm, yshi, thou, wjlou}@vt.edu Abstract Conserving network-wide energy consumption is becoming of wireless networks, the concern of energy consumption is becoming in- creasingly important for network

Hou, Y. Thomas

34

Some Joules Are More Precious Than Others: Managing Renewable Energy in the Datacenter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Some Joules Are More Precious Than Others: Managing Renewable Energy in the Datacenter Christopher-computing datacenters now host a wide range of business applications, ranging from e-commerce websites to search engines to data mining. Increasingly, these datacenters use renewable energy from wind tur- bines or solar panels

Shen, Kai

35

Every Joule is Precious: The Case for Revisiting Operating System Design for Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Every Joule is Precious: The Case for Revisiting Operating System Design for Energy Efficiency Amin, it is important to develop low-level mechanisms and higher- level policies to maximize energy efficiency and implementation from the point of view of energy efficiency rather than the more traditional OS metric

Vahdat, Amin

36

Incorporating Cold Cap Behavior in a Joule-heated Waste Glass Melter Model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, an overview of Joule-heated waste glass melters used in the vitrification of high level waste (HLW) is presented, with a focus on the cold cap region. This region, in which feed-to-glass conversion reactions occur, is critical in determining the melting properties of any given glass melter. An existing 1D computer model of the cold cap, implemented in MATLAB, is described in detail. This model is a standalone model that calculates cold cap properties based on boundary conditions at the top and bottom of the cold cap. Efforts to couple this cold cap model with a 3D STAR-CCM+ model of a Joule-heated melter are then described. The coupling is being implemented in ModelCenter, a software integration tool. The ultimate goal of this model is to guide the specification of melter parameters that optimize glass quality and production rate.

Varija Agarwal; Donna Post Guillen

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Micro-scale heat-exchangers for Joule-Thomson cooling.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project focused on developing a micro-scale counter flow heat exchangers for Joule-Thomson cooling with the potential for both chip and wafer scale integration. This project is differentiated from previous work by focusing on planar, thin film micromachining instead of bulk materials. A process will be developed for fabricating all the devices mentioned above, allowing for highly integrated micro heat exchangers. The use of thin film dielectrics provides thermal isolation, increasing efficiency of the coolers compared to designs based on bulk materials, and it will allow for wafer-scale fabrication and integration. The process is intended to implement a CFHX as part of a Joule-Thomson cooling system for applications with heat loads less than 1mW. This report presents simulation results and investigation of a fabrication process for such devices.

Gross, Andrew John

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

The development of a proff of principle superfluid Joule-Thomson refrigerator for cooling below 1 Kelvin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new type of sub-Kelvin refrigerator, the superfluid Joule-Thomson refrigerator, has been developed and its performance has been experimentally verified. This refrigerator uses a liquid superfluid mixture of He and 4He ...

Miller, Franklin K., 1970-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Nanometer-scale temperature imaging for independent observation of Joule and Peltier effects in phase change memory devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports a technique for independent observation of nanometer-scale Joule heating and thermoelectric effects, using atomic force microscopy (AFM) based measurements of nanometer-scale temperature fields. When electrical current flows through nanoscale devices and contacts the temperature distribution is governed by both Joule and thermoelectric effects. When the device is driven by an electrical current that is both periodic and bipolar, the temperature rise due to the Joule effect is at a different harmonic than the temperature rise due to the Peltier effect. An AFM tip scanning over the device can simultaneously measure all of the relevant harmonic responses, such that the Joule effect and the Peltier effect can be independently measured. Here we demonstrate the efficacy of the technique by measuring Joule and Peltier effects in phase change memory devices. By comparing the observed temperature responses of these working devices, we measure the device thermopower, which is in the range of 30 ± 3 to 250 ± 10 ?V K{sup ?1}. This technique could facilitate improved measurements of thermoelectric phenomena and properties at the nanometer-scale.

Grosse, Kyle L. [Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Pop, Eric [Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); King, William P., E-mail: wpk@illinois.edu [Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Departments of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Materials Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

40

Remote Joule heating by a carbon nanotube Kamal H. Baloch1, Norvik Voskanian1, Merijntje Bronsgeest2 and John Cumings1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Remote Joule heating by a carbon nanotube Kamal H. Baloch1, Norvik Voskanian1, Merijntje Bronsgeest of a neighbouring material3,4 , heating it remotely5 . Here, we use in situ electron thermal microscopy to detect the remote Joule heating of a silicon nitride substrate by a single multi- walled carbon nanotube. At least

Li, Teng

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour kwh joules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Overview of the ARGOS X-ray framing camera for Laser MegaJoule  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives has developed the ARGOS X-ray framing camera to perform two-dimensional, high-timing resolution imaging of an imploding target on the French high-power laser facility Laser MegaJoule. The main features of this camera are: a microchannel plate gated X-ray detector, a spring-loaded CCD camera that maintains proximity focus in any orientation, and electronics packages that provide remotely-selectable high-voltages to modify the exposure-time of the camera. These components are integrated into an “air-box” that protects them from the harsh environmental conditions. A miniaturized X-ray generator is also part of the device for in situ self-testing purposes.

Trosseille, C., E-mail: clement.trosseille@cea.fr; Aubert, D.; Auger, L.; Bazzoli, S.; Brunel, P.; Burillo, M.; Chollet, C.; Jasmin, S.; Maruenda, P.; Moreau, I.; Oudot, G.; Raimbourg, J.; Soullié, G.; Stemmler, P.; Zuber, C. [CEA, DAM, DIF, F-91297 Arpajon (France); Beck, T. [CEA, DEN, CADARACHE, F-13108 St Paul lez Durance (France); Gazave, J. [CEA, DAM, CESTA, F-33116 Le Barp (France)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

42

Bulk SmCo5/a-Fe nanocomposite permanent magnets fabricated by mould-free Joule-heating compaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bulk SmCo5/a-Fe nanocomposite permanent magnets fabricated by mould-free Joule-heating compaction and soft magnetic phases.1­3 The prerequisite for effective exchange coupling is a small grain size, which are used to produce single-phase microcrystalline permanent magnets, are ineffective in producing

Liu, J. Ping

43

Numerical analysis of the direct drive illumination uniformity for the Laser MegaJoule facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The illumination uniformity provided during the initial imprinting phase of the laser foot pulse in a direct drive scenario at the Laser MegaJoule facility has been analyzed. This study analyzes the quality of the illumination of a spherical capsule and concerns the uniformity of the first shock generate in the absorber of an Inertial Confinement Fusion capsule. Four configurations making use of all or some of the 80 laser beams organized in the 20 quads of the cones at 49° and 131° with respect to the polar axis have been considered in order to assemble the foot pulse. Elliptical and circular super-gaussian laser intensity profiles taking into account beam-to-beam power imbalance (10%), pointing error (50??m), and target positioning (20??m) have been considered. It has been found that the use of the Polar Direct Drive technique can in some cases reduce the irradiation non-uniformity by a factor as high as 50%. In all cases, elliptical profile provides better results in comparison with the circular one and it is shown that the minimum of the non-uniformity is also a function of the capsule radius.

Temporal, M., E-mail: mauro.temporal@hotmail.com [Centre de Mathématiques et de Leurs Applications, ENS Cachan and CNRS, 61 Av. du President Wilson, F-94235 Cachan Cedex (France); Canaud, B. [CEA, DIF, F-91297 Arpajon Cedex (France)] [CEA, DIF, F-91297 Arpajon Cedex (France); Garbett, W. J. [AWE plc, Aldermaston, Reading, Berkshire RG7 4PR (United Kingdom)] [AWE plc, Aldermaston, Reading, Berkshire RG7 4PR (United Kingdom); Ramis, R. [ETSI Aeronáuticos, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid (Spain)] [ETSI Aeronáuticos, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid (Spain)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

44

Investigation of pressure drop in capillary tube for mixed refrigerant Joule-Thomson cryocooler  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A capillary tube is commonly used in small capacity refrigeration and air-conditioning systems. It is also a preferred expansion device in mixed refrigerant Joule-Thomson (MR J-T) cryocoolers, since it is inexpensive and simple in configuration. However, the flow inside a capillary tube is complex, since flashing process that occurs in case of refrigeration and air-conditioning systems is metastable. A mixture of refrigerants such as nitrogen, methane, ethane, propane and iso-butane expands below its inversion temperature in the capillary tube of MR J-T cryocooler and reaches cryogenic temperature. The mass flow rate of refrigerant mixture circulating through capillary tube depends on the pressure difference across it. There are many empirical correlations which predict pressure drop across the capillary tube. However, they have not been tested for refrigerant mixtures and for operating conditions of the cryocooler. The present paper assesses the existing empirical correlations for predicting overall pressure drop across the capillary tube for the MR J-T cryocooler. The empirical correlations refer to homogeneous as well as separated flow models. Experiments are carried out to measure the overall pressure drop across the capillary tube for the cooler. Three different compositions of refrigerant mixture are used to study the pressure drop variations. The predicted overall pressure drop across the capillary tube is compared with the experimentally obtained value. The predictions obtained using homogeneous model show better match with the experimental results compared to separated flow models.

Ardhapurkar, P. M. [Mechanical Engineering Department, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, MS 400 076 India and S. S. G. M. College of Engineering Shegaon, MS 444 203 (India); Sridharan, Arunkumar; Atrey, M. D. [Mechanical Engineering Department, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, MS 400 076 (India)

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

45

Sustainable use of California biomass resources can help meet state and national bioenergy targets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cost adds approxi- mately $0.01 per kilowatt-hour (kWh) torealize costs ranging from $0.05 to $0.07 per kWh. Where on-costs from biomass currently range from $0.06 to $0.10 per kWh

Jenkins, Bryan M; Williams, Robert B; Gildart, Martha C; Kaffka, Stephen R.; Hartsough, Bruce; Dempster, Peter G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

FY 2009 Annual Report of Joule Software Metric SC GG 3.1/2.5.2, Improve Computational Science Capabilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Joule Software Metric for Computational Effectiveness is established by Public Authorizations PL 95-91, Department of Energy Organization Act, and PL 103-62, Government Performance and Results Act. The U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) oversees the preparation and administration of the President s budget; evaluates the effectiveness of agency programs, policies, and procedures; assesses competing funding demands across agencies; and sets the funding priorities for the federal government. The OMB has the power of audit and exercises this right annually for each federal agency. According to the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993 (GPRA), federal agencies are required to develop three planning and performance documents: 1.Strategic Plan: a broad, 3 year outlook; 2.Annual Performance Plan: a focused, 1 year outlook of annual goals and objectives that is reflected in the annual budget request (What results can the agency deliver as part of its public funding?); and 3.Performance and Accountability Report: an annual report that details the previous fiscal year performance (What results did the agency produce in return for its public funding?). OMB uses its Performance Assessment Rating Tool (PART) to perform evaluations. PART has seven worksheets for seven types of agency functions. The function of Research and Development (R&D) programs is included. R&D programs are assessed on the following criteria: Does the R&D program perform a clear role? Has the program set valid long term and annual goals? Is the program well managed? Is the program achieving the results set forth in its GPRA documents? In Fiscal Year (FY) 2003, the Department of Energy Office of Science (DOE SC-1) worked directly with OMB to come to a consensus on an appropriate set of performance measures consistent with PART requirements. The scientific performance expectations of these requirements reach the scope of work conducted at the DOE national laboratories. The Joule system emerged from this interaction. Joule enables the chief financial officer and senior DOE management to track annual performance on a quarterly basis. Joule scores are reported as success, goal met (green light in PART), mixed results, goal partially met (yellow light in PART), and unsatisfactory, goal not met (red light in PART). Joule links the DOE strategic plan to the underlying base program targets.

Kothe, Douglas B [ORNL; Roche, Kenneth J [ORNL; Kendall, Ricky A [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Energy Replacement Generation Tax Exemption  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Iowa imposes a replacement generation tax of 0.06 cents ($0.0006) per kilowatt-hour (kWh) on various forms of electricity generated within the state. This tax is imposed in lieu of a property tax...

48

City of Dallas- Green Energy Purchasing  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In September 2007, the City of Dallas finalized purchase contracts for more than 333 million kilowatt-hours (kWh) of green electricity for city facilities during 2008. The city has elected to...

49

Private Companies, Federal Agencies and National Labs Join Better...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

over the next decade. Data centers consumed about 100 billion kilowatt-hours (kWh) of electricity in the U.S last year and that number is expected to grow as more information...

50

City of Houston- Green Power Purchasing  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In 2007, the City of Houston negotiated a 5-year contract with Reliant Energy for up to 80 MW or 700 million kilowatt-hours (kWh) annually of renewable energy credits (RECs). These RECs will be...

51

Alaska Strategic Energy Plan and Planning Handbook  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AEA Alaska Energy Authority Btu British thermal unit DOE U.S. Department of Energy EERE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy kW kilowatt kWh kilowatt-hour LCOE...

52

Renewable Energy Production Incentive  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Supported by the state's Renewable Development Fund, Minnesota offers a payment of 1.5¢ per kilowatt-hour (kWh) for on-farm biogas facilities. Previously, this incentive also offered payments to...

53

Calendar Year 2007 Program Benefits for U.S. EPA Energy Star Labeled Products: Expanded Methodology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

$/MBtu) Electric Heat Rate (Btu/kWh) kWh = kilowatthour; TWh= terawatthour; MBtu = Million Btu; MtC = Metric tons ofon heavy load. Idle Rate (Btu/h) Table 6-9. Energy Star

Sanchez, Marla

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Cow2Joules: Distributed Conversion of Organic Waste to Energy Resources Background to the project THEY are undertaking at ESF DLJohnson, Feb. 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cow2Joules: Distributed Conversion of Organic Waste to Energy Resources Background to the project of anaerobic digestion (AD) techniques for the conversion of biomass-related organic waste materials to useful energy products. This approach to industrial ecology, or sustainability, is well advanced in Europe where

Chatterjee, Avik P.

55

KWhOURS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429 Throttled (botOpen6 Climate ZoneJeromeCountyKGRA Energy LLC JumpKOENENKWhOURS

56

max kwh | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop,SaveWhiskey Flatshydro Home Water Powerlaunch Home Kch's picturemax

57

OpenEI Community - max kwh  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth'sOklahoma/Geothermal < Oklahomast, 2012Coastfred

58

Consumer-Friendly and Environmentally-Sound Electricity Rates for the Twenty-First Century By Lee S. Friedman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and changing fuel costs. However, the cost of providing electricity varies from as low as 1-cent per kWh continue to pay a rate per kilowatt-hour (kWh) that does not vary at all within a day. I will refer to over $1 per kWh depending upon the time and day that it is provided. Those on time invariant rates pay

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

59

Joule heating-induced coexisted spin Seebeck effect and spin Hall magnetoresistance in the platinum/Y{sub 3}Fe{sub 5}O{sub 12} structure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spin Seebeck effect (SSE) and spin Hall magnetoresistance (SMR) are observed simultaneously in the Pt/Y{sub 3}Fe{sub 5}O{sub 12} hybrid structure when thermal gradient is produced by Joule heating. According to their dependences on applied current, these two effects can be separated. Their dependence on heating power and magnetic field is systematically studied. With the increase of heating power, the SSE enhances linearly, whereas the SMR decreases slowly. The origin of the spin currents is further analyzed. The heating power dependences of the spin currents associated with the SSE and the SMR are found to be different.

Wang, W. X. [State Key Laboratory of Advance Technology for Material Synthesis and Processing, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070 (China); Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics and Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Wang, S. H.; Zou, L. K.; Cai, J. W.; Sun, J. R., E-mail: jrsun@iphy.ac.cn, E-mail: sun-zg@whut.edu.cn [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics and Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Sun, Z. G. [State Key Laboratory of Advance Technology for Material Synthesis and Processing, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070 (China)

2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

60

Simulation study on error propagation effects when determining second virial coefficients from the speed-of-sound or the Joule-Thomson experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SIMULATION STUDY ON ERROR PROPAGATION EFFECTS WHEN DETERMINING SECOND VIRIAL COEFFICIENTS FROM THE SPEED-OF-SOUND OR THE JOULE-THOMSON EXPERIMENT A Thesis by DAVID J. VAN PEURSEM Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M...-hexane 0 a a Al-Bizreh a Wormald [10] ~ Dymond & Smith [9l 280 300 320 340 360 380 400 420 440 460 T (K) Thomson coefficient data are propagated into the second virial coefficients derived from these experiments. This will be done by performing a...

Van Peursem, David J.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour kwh joules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Average Price (Cents/kilowatthour) by State by Provider, 1990-2013  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:SeadovCooperativeA2.Reformulated, Average RefinerEnergy923Demand9.40 8.95 8.28 8.52

62

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: RETHINKING STANDBY & FIXED COST CHARGES REGULATORY & RATE DESIGN PATHWAYS TO DEEPER SOLAR PV COST  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to be recovered through variable, volume-based charges per kilowatt-hour (kWh). At the same time, however, someEXECUTIVE SUMMARY: RETHINKING STANDBY & FIXED COST CHARGES REGULATORY & RATE DESIGN PATHWAYS TO DEEPER SOLAR PV COST REDUCTIONS The Current Terrain In recent years, electric utilities have experienced

63

Simple and Effective Dynamic Provisioning for Power-Proportional Data Centers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

computer infrastructure. The closer to one PUE is, the better energy utilization is. Real-world statistics consumed an estimated 240 billion kilowatt-hours (kWh) of energy, roughly 1.3% of the world total energy Chen, and Lachlan L. H. Andrew Abstract--Energy consumption represents a significant cost in data

Andrew, Lachlan

64

Comparing Mainframe and Windows Server Transactions per kWh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

..................................................................................................................................15 Air Conditioner (Heat Pump) Efficiency Units

Narasayya, Vivek

65

kWh Analytics: Quality Ratings for PV  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This presentation summarizes the information given during the SunShot Grand Challenge Summit and Technology Forum, June 13-14, 2012.

66

Property:Incentive/PVComFitDolKWh | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County,ContAddr2 Jump to: navigation, searchExpireDtString

67

Property:Incentive/PVResFitDolKWh | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County,ContAddr2 Jump to: navigation,

68

KWH_APS_DPP07_1Page.ppt  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfraredJeffersonJonathan Pershingrelocates 18-ton machine |Inference of

69

Apprehending Joule Thieves with Cinder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy is the critical limiting resource to mobile computing devices. Correspondingly, an operating system must track, provision, and ration how applications consume energy. The emergence of third-party application stores ...

Rumble, Stephen M.

70

Green Joules | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpen EnergyBoard" form. ToGestion deSolarWindGreen

71

Functions, Part 1 c csun Fall 2011 v15  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

customers $14.00 per month plus $0.10 per kilowatt-hour (KWH) of electricity used. Thus, the monthly cost on the price? If the price per gallon is $3.40, what is the cost to fill the tank? If the price per gallon. This is read as: The cost, C(p), to fill the tank is a function of the price p per gallon. Written form: "the

Fuller, Terry

72

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2AirCompressors | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | Open EnergyAuthorOwnershipCategory Jump to: navigation,Energy

73

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2CirculationFans | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | Open EnergyAuthorOwnershipCategory Jump to:

74

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2ElctrcEngineHeaters | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | Open EnergyAuthorOwnershipCategory Jump to:Energy

75

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2ElctrcHeating | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | Open EnergyAuthorOwnershipCategory Jump

76

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2HeatPumps | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | Open EnergyAuthorOwnershipCategory JumpInformation

77

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2LargeComputersServers |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | Open EnergyAuthorOwnershipCategory

78

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2LargeKitchens | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | Open EnergyAuthorOwnershipCategoryInformation

79

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Laundry | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | Open

80

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Misc | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | OpenInformation Misc Jump to: navigation, search This is

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour kwh joules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Pcs | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | OpenInformation Misc Jump to: navigation, search This

82

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Printers | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | OpenInformation Misc Jump to: navigation, search

83

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Pumps | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | OpenInformation Misc Jump to: navigation,

84

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Total | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | OpenInformation Misc Jump to: navigation,Information

85

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2DigesterLandfillGas | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County,Information SPPurchasedEngyNrmlYrMwhYrTownGas Jump to:Energy

86

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2DstrtHeating | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County,Information SPPurchasedEngyNrmlYrMwhYrTownGas Jump

87

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2ElctrcHeating | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County,Information SPPurchasedEngyNrmlYrMwhYrTownGas Jump

88

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2ElctrtyTotal | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County,Information SPPurchasedEngyNrmlYrMwhYrTownGas JumpInformation

89

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2Oil-FiredBoiler | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County,Information SPPurchasedEngyNrmlYrMwhYrTownGas

90

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2Other | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County,Information SPPurchasedEngyNrmlYrMwhYrTownGasInformation

91

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2OtherElctrty | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County,Information

92

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2Pellets | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County,InformationInformation Pellets Jump to: navigation, search This is

93

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2Total | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County,InformationInformation Pellets Jump to: navigation, search This

94

Property:Building/SPPurchasedEngyPerAreaKwhM2WoodChips | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County,InformationInformation Pellets Jump to: navigation, search

95

84Unit Conversions Energy, Power, Flux Energy is measured in a number of ways depending on what property is being  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

kilowatt- hour (1 kWh)? Problem 4 ­ How many ergs of energy are collected from a solar panel on a roof, if the sunlight provides a flux of 300 Joules/sec/meter 2 , the solar panels have an area of 27 square feet84Unit Conversions ­ Energy, Power, Flux Energy is measured in a number of ways depending on what

96

Assessment of Energy Efficiency Improvement in the United States Petroleum Refining Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

joules) using a conversion factor (1kWh = 3.6 MJ). However,the IPCC natural gas conversion factor of 0.0561 Mt CO 2 /finial savings and a conversion factor of 0.0036 PJ/GWh is 

Morrow III, William R.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Apprehending Joule Thieves with Cinder Stephen M. Rumble  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or malicious. Previous research has shown promise in track- ing energy usage and rationing it to meet device, dynamic, multiprogrammed environment. Pre- vious systems have shown promise in tracking energy usage either static hardware profiles (ECOSystem [9]) or by dynamically inferring usage based on energy draw

Levis, Philip

98

Apprehending Joule Thieves with Cinder Stephen M. Rumble  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or malicious. Previous research has shown promise in track- ing energy usage and rationing it to meet device in tracking energy usage in a program's structure (Powerscope [4], Odyssey [3]) and performing accurate global, Massachusetts 02139 Abstract Energy is the critical limiting resource to mobile comput- ing devices

Levis, Philip

99

Joules Energy Efficiency Services Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpInc Place: EdenOverview JumpJessi3bl's blogBank ClimateJoshua

100

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2HeatPumpsUsedForColg | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | Open EnergyAuthorOwnershipCategory JumpInformationEnergy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour kwh joules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

EPA Clean Energy-Environment Guide to Action 5.5 Fostering Green Power Markets Policy Description and Objective Summary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Green power is a relatively small but growing market that provides electricity customers the opportunity to make environmental choices about their electricity consumption. Programs in more than 40 states currently serve approximately 540,000 customers, representing nearly 4 billion kilowatt-hours (kWh) annually. Green power is offered in both vertically integrated and competitive retail markets. Green power programs have existed for approximately 10 years and have contributed to the development of over 2,200 megawatts (MW) of new renewable capacity over that time. A recent study estimates that this could reach 8,000 MW by 2015 (Wiser et al. 2001). Because participation in green power programs is voluntary, the role for states may be more limited

unknown authors

102

The EPRI/DOE Utility Wind Turbine Performance Verification Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1992, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) and the US Department of Energy (DOE) initiated the Utility Wind Turbine Performance Verification Program (TVP). This paper provides an overview of the TVP, its purpose and goals, and the participating utility projects. Improved technology has significantly reduced the cost of energy from wind turbines since the early 1980s. In 1992, turbines were producing electricity for about $0.07--$0.09/kilowatt-hour (kWh) (at 7 m/s [16 mph sites]), compared with more than $0.30/kWh in 1980. Further technology improvements were expected to lower the cost of energy from wind turbines to $0.05/kWh. More than 17,000 wind turbines, totaling more than 1,500 MW capacity, were installed in the US, primarily in California and Hawaii. The better wind plants had availabilities above 95%, capacity factors exceeding 30%, and operation and maintenance costs of $0.01/kWh. However, despite improving technology, EPRI and DOE recognized that utility use of wind turbines was still largely limited to turbines installed in California and Hawaii during the 1980s. Wind resource assessments showed that other regions of the US, particularly the Midwest, had abundant wind resources. EPRI and DOE sought to provide a bridge from utility-grade turbine development programs under way to commercial purchases of the wind turbines. The TVP was developed to allow utilities to build and operate enough candidate turbines to gain statistically significant operating and maintenance data.

Calvert, S.; Goldman, P. [Department of Energy, Washington, DC (United States); DeMeo, E.; McGowin, C. [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States); Smith, B.; Tromly, K. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Initial test results from the RedFlow 5 kW, 10 kWh zinc-bromide module, phase 1.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper the performance results of the RedFlow zinc-bromide module (ZBM) Gen 2.0 are reported for Phase 1 of testing, which includes initial characterization of the module. This included physical measurement, efficiency as a function of charge and discharge rates, efficiency as a function of maximum charge capacity, duration of maximum power supplied, and limited cycling with skipped strip cycles. The goal of this first phase of testing was to verify manufacturer specifications of the zinc-bromide flow battery. Initial characterization tests have shown that the ZBM meets the manufacturer's specifications. Further testing, including testing as a function of temperature and life cycle testing, will be carried out during Phase 2 of the testing, and these results will be issued in the final report, after Phase 2 testing has concluded.

Ferreira, Summer Rhodes; Rose, David Martin

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Integrated Testing, Simulation and Analysis of Electric Drive Options for Medium-Duty Parcel Delivery Vehicles: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory verified diesel-conventional and diesel-hybrid parcel delivery vehicle models to evaluate petroleum reduction and cost implications of plug-in hybrid gasoline and diesel variants. These variants are run on a field-data-derived design matrix to analyze the effects of drive cycle, distance, battery replacements, battery capacity, and motor power on fuel consumption and lifetime cost. Two cost scenarios using fuel prices corresponding to forecasted highs for 2011 and 2030 and battery costs per kilowatt-hour representing current and long-term targets compare plug-in hybrid lifetime costs with diesel conventional lifetime costs. Under a future cost scenario of $100/kWh battery energy and $5/gal fuel, plug-in hybrids are cost effective. Assuming a current cost of $700/kWh and $3/gal fuel, they rarely recoup the additional motor and battery cost. The results highlight the importance of understanding the application's drive cycle, daily driving distance, and kinetic intensity. For instances in the current-cost scenario where the additional plug-in hybrid cost is regained in fuel savings, the combination of kinetic intensity and daily distance travelled does not coincide with the usage patterns observed in the field data. If the usage patterns were adjusted, the hybrids could become cost effective.

Ramroth, L. A.; Gonder, J.; Brooker, A.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

DOE/NREL Advanced Wind Turbine Development Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of technologically advanced, high-efficiency wind turbines continues to be a high-priority activity of the US wind industry. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (formerly the Solar Energy Research Institute), sponsored by the US Department of Energy (DOE), has initiated the Advanced Wind Turbine Program to assist the wind industry in the development of a new class of advanced wind turbines. The initial phase of the program focused on developing conceptual designs for near-term and advanced turbines. The goal of the second phase of this program is to use the experience gained over the last decade of turbine design and operation combined with the latest existing design tools to develop a turbine that will produce energy at $0.05 per kilowatt-hour (kWh) in a 5.8-m/s (13-mph) wind site. Three contracts have been awarded, and two more are under negotiation in the second phase. The third phase of the program will use new innovations and state-of-the-art wind turbine design technology to produce a turbine that will generate energy at $0.04/kWh in a 5.8-m/s wind site. Details of the third phase will be announced in early 1993.

Butterfield, C.P.; Smith, B.; Laxson, A.; Thresher, B. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)] [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Goldman, P. [USDOE Assistant Secretary for Conservation and Renewable Energy, Washington, DC (United States). Wind/Hydro/Ocean Technologies Div.] [USDOE Assistant Secretary for Conservation and Renewable Energy, Washington, DC (United States). Wind/Hydro/Ocean Technologies Div.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

--No Title--  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

172015 15:50 SLCAIP Hydro Generation Estimates Month Forecast Generation less losses (kWh) Less Proj. Use (kWh) Net Generation (kWh) SHP Deliveries (kWh) Firming Purchases (kWh)...

107

Life-cycle analysis results of geothermal systems in comparison to other power systems.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A life-cycle energy and greenhouse gas emissions analysis has been conducted with Argonne National Laboratory's expanded Greenhouse Gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy Use in Transportation (GREET) model for geothermal power-generating technologies, including enhanced geothermal, hydrothermal flash, and hydrothermal binary technologies. As a basis of comparison, a similar analysis has been conducted for other power-generating systems, including coal, natural gas combined cycle, nuclear, hydroelectric, wind, photovoltaic, and biomass by expanding the GREET model to include power plant construction for these latter systems with literature data. In this way, the GREET model has been expanded to include plant construction, as well as the usual fuel production and consumption stages of power plant life cycles. For the plant construction phase, on a per-megawatt (MW) output basis, conventional power plants in general are found to require less steel and concrete than renewable power systems. With the exception of the concrete requirements for gravity dam hydroelectric, enhanced geothermal and hydrothermal binary used more of these materials per MW than other renewable power-generation systems. Energy and greenhouse gas (GHG) ratios for the infrastructure and other life-cycle stages have also been developed in this study per kilowatt-hour (kWh) of electricity output by taking into account both plant capacity and plant lifetime. Generally, energy burdens per energy output associated with plant infrastructure are higher for renewable systems than conventional ones. GHG emissions per kWh of electricity output for plant construction follow a similar trend. Although some of the renewable systems have GHG emissions during plant operation, they are much smaller than those emitted by fossil fuel thermoelectric systems. Binary geothermal systems have virtually insignificant GHG emissions compared to fossil systems. Taking into account plant construction and operation, the GREET model shows that fossil thermal plants have fossil energy use and GHG emissions per kWh of electricity output about one order of magnitude higher than renewable power systems, including geothermal power.

Sullivan, J. L.; Clark, C. E.; Han, J.; Wang, M.; Energy Systems

2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

108

JouleSort: A Balanced Energy-Efficiency Benchmark Suzanne Rivoire  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and scalability. As data centers house more servers and consume more energy, removing heat from the data center power consumption [28]. For mobile devices, battery capacity and energy use di- rectly affect usability. Battery capacity determines how long devices last, constrains form factors, and limits functional- ity

Kozyrakis, Christos

109

Modelling of the internal dynamics and density in a tens of joules plasma focus device  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using MHD theory, coupled differential equations were generated using a lumped parameter model to describe the internal behaviour of the pinch compression phase in plasma focus discharges. In order to provide these equations with appropriate initial conditions, the modelling of previous phases was included by describing the plasma sheath as planar shockwaves. The equations were solved numerically, and the results were contrasted against experimental measurements performed on the device PF-50J. The model is able to predict satisfactorily the timing and the radial electron density profile at the maximum compression.

Marquez, Ariel [CNEA and Instituto Balseiro, 8402 Bariloche (Argentina); Gonzalez, Jose [INVAP-CONICET and Instituto Balseiro, 8402 Bariloche, Argentina. (Argentina); Tarifeno-Saldivia, Ariel; Pavez, Cristian; Soto, Leopoldo [CCHEN, Comision Chilena de Energia Nuclear, Casilla 188-D, Santiago (Chile); Center for Research and Applications in Plasma Physics and Pulsed Power, P4 (Chile); Clausse, Alejandro [CNEA-CONICET and Universidad Nacional del Centro, 7000 Tandil (Argentina)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

110

How Much Information Per Joule? Measuring the Energy Efficiency of Inferential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

requirements so that block lengths are small. Moreover, they do not allow joint treatment of the value is rooted in the separation of source and channel coding (which is optimal for arbitrarily large block

111

Peer-reviewed articles based on EOS7C: Oldenburg, C.M., Joule-Thomson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dioxide as cushion gas for natural gas storage, Energy& Fuels, 17, 240-246, 2003, LBNL-51053. Announcing. Pruess, EOS7C Version 1.0: TOUGH2 Module for Carbon Dioxide or Nitrogen in Natural Gas (Methane the Availability of EOS7C Version 1.0: TOUGH2 Module for Carbon Dioxide or Nitrogen in Natural Gas (MetTOUGH2

Ajo-Franklin, Jonathan

112

Simultaneous Thermal Imaging of Peltier and Joule Effects B. Vermeersch and A. Shakouri  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

harmonic component. A phase-locked CCD oversamples the signal times (instead of ) per period. Appropriate is that a bipolar excitation is used. Namely, we supply a slow sine wave with zero offset to the DUT. This causes image processing yields magnitude and phase distributions for both harmonics, as well as the DC

113

Joules of Wisdom: Top Things You Didn't Know About Energy | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen OwnedofDepartment ofJared Temanson - Project Leader at NRELJoin usNewsEnergy

114

Thermodynamic analysis of the reverse Joule–Brayton cycle heat pump for domestic heating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, is simply the reciprocal of the efficiency for an ideal gas turbine cycle, and it is notable that the expression is independent of the heat exchanger temperature drop, and hence of the thermal output, q = cp(T2?T3). For the reference operating conditions... to compression and half to expansion. The horizontal axis in this figure is the Peclet number, Pe = ?D2h/2?t, where ? is the angular frequency of the piston motion, Dh is the cylinder mean hydraulic diameter, and ?t is the mean value of thermal diffusivity...

White, Alexander

2009-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

115

Tradeoffs between Costs and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the Design of Urban Transit Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of veh (kWh/veh-km) Cost per kWh ($/kWh) Operating cost ($/of veh (kWh/veh-km) Cost per kWh ($/kWh) Operating cost ($/

Griswold, Julia Baird

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Conservation screening curves to compare efficiency investments to power plants: Applications to commercial sector conservation programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

kW. 9¢/kWh 7¢/kWh Gas Turbine 5¢/kWh Combined-Cycle Oilhigh operating costs (such as gas turbines) during those fewtechnology. 9¢/kWh 7¢/kWh Gas Turbine 5¢/kWh Combined-Cycle

Koomey, Jonathan; Rosenfeld, Arthur H.; Gadgil, Ashok J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Reference Model 5 (RM5): Oscillating Surge Wave Energy Converter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is an addendum to SAND2013-9040: Methodology for Design and Economic Analysis of Marine Energy Conversion (MEC) Technologies. This report describes an Oscillating Water Column Wave Energy Converter (OSWEC) reference model design in a complementary manner to Reference Models 1-4 contained in the above report. A conceptual design for a taut moored oscillating surge wave energy converter was developed. The design had an annual electrical power of 108 kilowatts (kW), rated power of 360 kW, and intended deployment at water depths between 50 m and 100 m. The study includes structural analysis, power output estimation, a hydraulic power conversion chain system, and mooring designs. The results were used to estimate device capital cost and annual operation and maintenance costs. The device performance and costs were used for the economic analysis, following the methodology presented in SAND2013-9040 that included costs for designing, manufacturing, deploying, and operating commercial-scale MEC arrays up to 100 devices. The levelized cost of energy estimated for the Reference Model 5 OSWEC, presented in this report, was for a single device and arrays of 10, 50, and 100 units, and it enabled the economic analysis to account for cost reductions associated with economies of scale. The baseline commercial levelized cost of energy estimate for the Reference Model 5 device in an array comprised of 10 units is $1.44/kilowatt-hour (kWh), and the value drops to approximately $0.69/kWh for an array of 100 units.

Yu, Y. H.; Jenne, D. S.; Thresher, R.; Copping, A.; Geerlofs, S.; Hanna, L. A.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Recovery helps California company get ahead | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

XeroCoat provides as much as a 5-percent increase in energy on a kilowatt-hour basis. A medium-sized air conditioner runs for about one hour on a kilowatt-hour of electricity,...

119

Bird Mortaility at the Altamont Pass Wind Resource Area: March 1998--September 2001  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the past 15 years, research has shown that wind turbines in the Altamont Pass Wind Resource Area (APWRA) kill many birds, including raptors, which are protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA), the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act, and/or state and federal Endangered Species Acts. Early research in the APWRA on avian mortality mainly attempted to identify the extent of the problem. In 1998, however, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) initiated research to address the causal relationships between wind turbines and bird mortality. NREL funded a project by BioResource Consultants to perform this research directed at identifying and addressing the causes of mortality of various bird species from wind turbines in the APWRA.With 580 megawatts (MW) of installed wind turbine generating capacity in the APWRA, wind turbines there provide up to 1 billion kilowatt-hours (kWh) of emissions-free electricity annually. By identifying and implementing new methods and technologies to reduce or resolve bird mortality in the APWRA, power producers may be able to increase wind turbine electricity production at the site and apply similar mortality-reduction methods at other sites around the state and country.

Smallwood, K. S.; Thelander, C. G.

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Analytical solution for Joule-Thomson cooling during CO2 geo-sequestration in depleted oil and gas reservoirs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sequestration in depleted oil and gas reservoirs Simon A.1. Introduction Depleted oil and gas reservoirs (DOGRs)

Mathias, S.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour kwh joules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

High-resolution spatial mapping of the temperature distribution of a Joule self-heated graphene nanoribbon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

signal, which is proportional to the local temperature change of the thermal probe. In order to cal) with a spatial resolution finer than 100 nm by scanning thermal microscopy (SThM). The SThM probe is calibrated using the Raman G mode Stokes/anti-Stokes intensity ratio as a function of electric power applied

Kim, Philip

122

Microsoft Word - 1.6.1.2.J.ML.2_Qrt 2 Joule Final.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

technology will be capable of handling the variability experienced within raw biomass feedstocks. DOE has identified eight biofuel conversion pathways that the Bioenergy...

123

High-resolution spatial mapping of the temperature distribution of a Joule self-heated graphene nanoribbon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by epoxidation reaction J. Renewable Sustainable Energy 4, 053108 (2012) Strength analysis and optimisation glycol monobutyl ether palm oil monoester as a newtype biodiesel J. Renewable Sustainable Energy 4, 053118 (2012) Dynamical regimes due to technological change in a microeconomical model of production

Heinz, Tony F.

124

Observation of Joule Heating-Assisted Electromigration Failure Mechanisms for Dual Damascene Cu/SiO? Interconnects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Failure mechanisms observed in electromigration (EM) stressed dual damascene Cu/SiO? interconnects trees were studied and simulated. Failure sites with â??melt patch’ or â??crater’ are common for test structures in the top ...

Chang, Choon Wai

125

Infrared Thermography applied to measurement of Heat transfer coefficient of water in a pipe heated by Joule effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

)" #12;1. Introduction Brazed aluminium heat exchangers are composed of flat tubes on the refrigerant exchangers with round tube, such as charge reduction and higher heat transfer coefficient. But, according are thus not suitable to small-channel heat exchangers. As a consequence, the refrigerant distribution

Boyer, Edmond

126

Microsoft Word - 1.6.1.2.J.ML.2_Qrt 2 Joule Final.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fundProject QuarterlyDepartmentConducting basicThis13 - March

127

A study of time-dependent responses of a mechanical displacement ventilation (DV) system and an underfloor air distribution (UFAD) system : building energy performance of the UFAD system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

kWh. The elec- tricity cost per kWh is obtained from U.S.Ad- ministration. The gas cost per kWh is calculated fromper kWh. The electricity cost per kWh is obtained from U.S.

Yu, Jong Keun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Estimated Value of Service Reliability for Electric Utility Customers in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

kW demand and costs per annual kWh sales. Cost estimates arePer Un-served kWh Cost Per Annual kWh Small C&I Cost PerPer Un-served kWh Cost Per Annual kWh Residential Cost Per

Sullivan, M.J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

increases in size, the cost per kWh decreases significantly.batteries typically cost about $100 per kWh for “wet” typesto MW in size and cost $500 to $800 per kWh. As the overall

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Conservation Screening Curves to Compare Efficiency Investments to Power Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

variable costs, and cost per delivered kWh. The informationvariable costs, and cost per delivered kWh. The informationto represent the cost per delivered kWh), while CAPP may be

Koomey, J.G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Commercializing Light-Duty Plug-In/Plug-Out Hydrogen-Fuel-Cell Vehicles:“Mobile Electricity” Technologies, Early California Household Markets, and Innovation Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electricity rates on a cost per kWh basis only with someTable 2-5 presents the cost per kWh produced by variousHybrid battery module cost per kWh required for lifecycle

Williams, Brett D

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid Under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the amortised investment cost per kWh of the DG unit is lessis equal to the fixed cost per kWh of switching states. Forcurves reflects the investment cost per kWh. As indicated in

Siddiqui, Afzal; Marnay, Chris

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

amortised investment cost per kWh e of the DG unit is lessis equal to the fixed cost per kWh e of switching states.reflects the investment cost per kWh e . As indicated in

Siddiqui, Afzal

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

COST-EFFECTIVE VISIBILITY-BASED DESIGN PROCEDURES FOR GENERAL OFFICE LIGHTING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

were calculated at the stated cost per Kwh by assuming 30to the work surface. The costs per Kwh essentially span themostly dependent upon the cost per Kwh divided by the area

Clear, Robert

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Commercializing light-duty plug-in/plug-out hydrogen-fuel-cell vehicles: “Mobile Electricity” technologies and opportunities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Table 2-5 presents the cost per kWh produced by variouselectricity rates on a cost per kWh basis only with someHybrid battery module cost per kWh required for lifecycle

Williams, Brett D; Kurani, Kenneth S

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

The Potential of Plug-in Hybrid and Battery Electric Vehicles as Grid Resources: the Case of a Gas and Petroleum Oriented Elecricity Generation System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the battery depletion cost per kWh transferred could bethe battery depletion cost per kWh transferred from off-peakhigher battery depletion cost per kWh transferred under the

Greer, Mark R

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Conservation screening curves to compare efficiency investments to power plants: Applications to commercial sector conservation programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

variable costs, and cost per delivered kWh. The informationvariable costs, and cost per delivered kWh. The informationto represent the cost per delivered kWh), while CAPP may be

Koomey, Jonathan; Rosenfeld, Arthur H.; Gadgil, Ashok J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Electricity Rate Structures and the Economics of Solar PV: Could Mandatory Time-of-Use Rates Undermine California’s Solar Photovoltaic Subsidies?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ation-adjusted) levelized cost per kWh of power the panelsarrive at a lifetime real cost per kWh produced. Studies ofnot for soiling. The cost per kWh is then calculated by ?

Borenstein, Severin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Commercializing Light-Duty Plug-In/Plug-Out Hydrogen-Fuel-Cell Vehicles: "Mobile Electricity" Technologies, Early California Household Markets, and Innovation Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Table 2-5 presents the cost per kWh produced by variousHybrid battery module cost per kWh required for lifecycleelectricity rates on a cost per kWh basis only with some

Williams, Brett D

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

ENERGY & ENVIRONMENT DIVISION. ANNUAL REPORT FY 1980  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

kWh) (kWh) b b Refrigerator and Freezer (kWh) Source: Unionseveral months for refrigerators and freezers to a maximumPart 2, June, 1980. Refrigerator/freezers Freezers Clothes

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour kwh joules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

California’s Energy Future: Transportation Energy Use in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

associated reductions in cost per kWh. Over time, largerpack costs for BEV sedan as a function of assumed per kWh

Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M; Hwang, Roland; Sperling, Daniel

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

have lower operational costs per kWh produced. There is alsoper kWh of energy, the energy payback time (EPBT), the cost

Norwood, Zachary Mills

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Demand-Side Management and Energy Efficiency Revisited  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

programs, and the average cost per kWh saved. Using utilitythat the average per kWh program costs reported by utilities

Auffhammer, Maximilian; Blumstein, Carl; Fowlie, Meredith

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Energy dispatch schedule optimization and cost benefit analysis for grid-connected, photovoltaic-battery storage systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or $100- 400 per kWh) at an installed cost of approximatelyinstalled cost of about $400 - $500 per kWh (approximately

Nottrott, A.; Kleissl, J.; Washom, B.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Investigation of the Role of Trap States in Solar Cell Reliability using Photothermal Deflection Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electricity. The average cost per kWh (Kilowatt Hour) ofdirectly currently cost around $0.24 per kWh in Central and

Bezryadina, Anna Sergeyevna

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Verification...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

annual energy savings Electric: 12024 kWh Natural Gas: 181 Therms Electric: 13593 kWh Natural gas: 35 Therms Energy cost rates Estimated annual emissions reductions...

147

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4A. Electricity Consumption and Expenditure Intensities for All Buildings, 2003 Electricity Consumption Electricity Expenditures per Building (thousand kWh) per Square Foot (kWh)...

148

E-Print Network 3.0 - area guizhou province Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and John Gibson Summary: exporting Provinces in 2006 included Shanxi, 43 billion KWh (coal based); Guizhou 36 billion KWh (coal based... driving demand and supply. The final...

149

Reference Model 6 (RM6): Oscillating Wave Energy Converter.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is an addendum to SAND2013-9040: Methodology for Design and Economic Analysis of Marine Energy Conversion (MEC) Technologies. This report describes an Oscillating Water Column Wave Energy Converter reference model design in a complementary manner to Reference Models 1-4 contained in the above report. In this report, a conceptual design for an Oscillating Water Column Wave Energy Converter (WEC) device appropriate for the modeled reference resource site was identified, and a detailed backward bent duct buoy (BBDB) device design was developed using a combination of numerical modeling tools and scaled physical models. Our team used the methodology in SAND2013-9040 for the economic analysis that included costs for designing, manufacturing, deploying, and operating commercial-scale MEC arrays, up to 100 devices. The methodology was applied to identify key cost drivers and to estimate levelized cost of energy (LCOE) for this RM6 Oscillating Water Column device in dollars per kilowatt-hour (%24/kWh). Although many costs were difficult to estimate at this time due to the lack of operational experience, the main contribution of this work was to disseminate a detailed set of methodologies and models that allow for an initial cost analysis of this emerging technology. This project is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Wind and Water Power Technologies Program Office (WWPTO), within the Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE). Sandia National Laboratories, the lead in this effort, collaborated with partners from National Laboratories, industry, and universities to design and test this reference model.

Bull, Diana L; Smith, Chris; Jenne, Dale Scott; Jacob, Paul; Copping, Andrea; Willits, Steve; Fontaine, Arnold; Brefort, Dorian; Gordon, Margaret Ellen; Copeland, Robert; Jepsen, Richard A.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

CX-011741: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

research and development activities for the demonstration of a 1 kilowatt-hour nanotechnology-based high-energy-density liquid energy storage media and corresponding flow...

151

Electric $ales and revenue 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication provides information on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers in the United States.

NONE

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Source  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

case, contributing to reductions in purchased electricity. In 2035, residential PV and wind systems produce 23 billion kilowatthours more electricity in the Best Available...

153

Use of Optical and Imaging Techniques for Inspection of Off-Line Joule-Heated Melter at the West Valley Demonstration Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The West Valley melter has been taken out of service. Its design is the direct ancestor of the current melter design for the Hanford Waste Treatment Plant. Over its eight years of service, the West Valley melter has endured many of the same challenges that the Hanford melter will encounter with feeds that are similar to many of the Hanford double shell tank wastes. Thus, inspection of the West Valley melter prior to its disposal could provide valuable--even crucial--information to the designers of the melters to be used at the Hanford Site, particularly if quantitative information can be obtained. The objective of Mississippi State University's Diagnostic Instrumentation and Analysis Laboratory's (DIAL) efforts is to develop, fabricate, and deploy inspection tools for the West Valley melter that will (i) be remotely operable in the West Valley process cell; (ii) provide quantitative information on melter refractory wear and deposits on the refractory; and (iii) indicate areas of heterogeneity (e.g., deposits) requiring more detailed characterization. A collaborative arrangement has been established with the West Valley Demonstration Project (WVDP) to inspect their melter.

Plodinec, M. J.; Jang, P-R; Long, Z.; Monts, D. L.; Philip, T.; Su, Y.

2003-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

154

Nonlinear Pricing in Energy and Environmental Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the state level, the cost per kWh reduction was 14.8 cents.study concludes that the cost per kWh savings range from 29kWh consumption. The average cost per kWh reduction is 14.8

Ito, Koichiro

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Guidelines for Company Reporting on Greenhouse Gas Emissions Annexes updated July 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

0.32 LPG kWh x 0.214 therms x 6.27 litres x 1.49 Coking Coal tonnes x 2736 kWh x 0.331 Aviation.63 Petrol tonnes x 3135 kWh x 0.24 litres x 2.30 Fuel Oil tonnes x 3223 kWh x 0.27 Coal2 tonnes x 2548 kWh xWh x 0.25 Petroleum Coke tonnes x 3410 kWh x 0.34 Refinery Miscellaneous kWh x 0.24 therms x 7

156

Portland General Electric Company Fourth Revision of Sheet No. 32-1 P.U.C. Oregon No. E-17 Canceling Third Revision of Sheet No. 32-1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Over 5,000 kWh 0.264 ¢ per kWh Energy Charge Standard Cost of Service Offer 4.677 ¢ per kWh (I) or Time.00 Transmission and Related Services Charge 0.248 ¢ per kWh Distribution Charge First 5,000 kWh 2.350 ¢ per kWh-of-Use (TOU) Offer (enrollment is necessary) On-Peak Period 7.817 ¢ per kWh (I) Mid-Peak Period 4.677 ¢ per kWh

157

Direct measurement of thin-film thermoelectric figure of merit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Joule effect- induced and the Peltier effect-induced Seebeckmetal lead due to the Peltier and Joule effects. IndependentJoule heating, and Peltier heating/cooling, respectively. 10

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Reducing Data Center Loads for a Large-Scale, Low-Energy Office Building: NREL's Research Support Facility (Book)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication detailing the design, implementation strategies, and continuous performance monitoring of NREL's Research Support Facility data center. Data centers are energy-intensive spaces that facilitate the transmission, receipt, processing, and storage of digital data. These spaces require redundancies in power and storage, as well as infrastructure, to cool computing equipment and manage the resulting waste heat (Tschudi, Xu, Sartor, and Stein, 2003). Data center spaces can consume more than 100 times the energy of standard office spaces (VanGeet 2011). The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reported that data centers used 61 billion kilowatt-hours (kWh) in 2006, which was 1.5% of the total electricity consumption in the U.S. (U.S. EPA, 2007). Worldwide, data centers now consume more energy annually than Sweden (New York Times, 2009). Given their high energy consumption and conventional operation practices, there is a potential for huge energy savings in data centers. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is world renowned for its commitment to green building construction. In June 2010, the laboratory finished construction of a 220,000-square-foot (ft{sup 2}), LEED Platinum, Research Support Facility (RSF), which included a 1,900-ft{sup 2} data center. The RSF will expand to 360,000 ft{sup 2} with the opening of an additional wing December, 2011. The project's request for proposals (RFP) set a whole-building demand-side energy use requirement of a nominal 35 kBtu/ft{sup 2} per year. On-site renewable energy generation will offset the annual energy consumption. To support the RSF's energy goals, NREL's new data center was designed to minimize its energy footprint without compromising service quality. Several implementation challenges emerged during the design, construction, and first 11 months of operation of the RSF data center. This document highlights these challenges and describes in detail how NREL successfully overcame them. The IT settings and strategies outlined in this document have been used to significantly reduce data center energy requirements in the RSF; however, these can also be used in existing buildings and retrofits.

Sheppy, M.; Lobato, C.; Van Geet, O.; Pless, S.; Donovan, K.; Powers, C.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

How to Estimate the Value of Service Reliability Improvements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and costs per annual kWh. Cost estimates are provided forper event, costs per average kW, costs per un-served kWhinvestments: 1. Cost per un-served kWh is substantially

Sullivan, Michael J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION (OTEC) PROGRAMMATIC ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

industrial users. Costs and per kWh increased from to 2.7rf-30, 1978, the average cost per kWh was 6.09i for residential

Sands, M. D.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour kwh joules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Measured energy performance of a US-China demonstration energy-efficient office building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Operation kWh Making ice, Cooling storage is 1846.8kWh 2 Icebuilding is equipped with a cooling ice storage system Peakmeasured data on ice storage power and cooling load was not

Xu, Peng; Huang, Joe; Jin, Ruidong; Yang, Guoxiong

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Societal lifetime cost of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10,000-psi tank cost $2,458, or $11.1/kWh. Carbon fiber wastank cost is in the range of $10-$17/kWh and carbon fiber

Sun, Yongling; Ogden, J; Delucchi, Mark

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

DOE Offers $15 Million Geothermal Heat Recovery Opportunity ...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

FOA also calls for the reduction of the levelized cost of electricity for new methods of geothermal energy production from 0.10 kWh to 0.06 kWh. Applicants must submit an...

164

Development and Application of Advanced Models for Steam Hydrogasification: Process Design and Economic Evaluation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to small scale electricity generation plants and is alsoElectricity Use (KWh/gallon FT Liquid) Plant Electricity Generation (Electricity Usage (MW) Plant Electricity Use (KWh/gallon FT Liquid) Plant Electricity Generation (

Lu, Xiaoming

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

The relationship between policy choice and the size of the policy region: Why small jurisdictions may prefer renewable energy policies to reduce CO2 emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

can be true. Either, coal generation can be sold in bothin the policy region and coal generation must be utilized inKWh) Pre-Policy Coal Generation (KWh) ? r ? g ? c Demand

Accordino, Megan H.; Rajagopal, Deepak

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Development and Application of Advanced Models for Steam Hydrogasification: Process Design and Economic Evaluation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5. Power generation via IGCC from bituminous coal. It shouldElectricity Generation (KWh/gallon FT Liquid) Coal-to-PowerElectricity Generation (KWh/gallon FT Liquid) Coal-to-Power

Lu, Xiaoming

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with PV Annual PV Energy Production ( $ / kWh ) Expressingwith PV Annual PV Energy Production ( $ / kWh ) It is clearanalysis, and the annual energy production of a PV system,

Wiser, Ryan; Mills, Andrew; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Flow of mantle fluids through the ductile lower crust: Helium isotope trends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

particularly for geothermal energy development. Mantlex 10 kWh of accessible geothermal energy. This is a sizable

Kennedy, B. Mack; van Soest, Matthijs C.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

The Open Source Stochastic Building Simulation Tool SLBM and Its Capabilities to Capture Uncertainty of Policymaking in the U.S. Building Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

market share [1] levelized cost of energy [$/kWh] specificwith the lowest levelized costs of energy supply will gain

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Value and Technology Assessment to Enhance the Business Case for the CERTS Microgrid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

battery 220$/kWh and 2125$/kW photovoltaics Table ES 5. Energy storage parameters Description charging efficiency (

Lasseter, Robert

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

substantial (517 kW) and the battery bank huge (2082 kWh),181 kW), as is the battery bank (1518 kWh). In this case thePV array and a huge battery bank (6434 kWh). Note that this

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Value and Technology Assessment to Enhance the Business Case for the CERTS Microgrid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

substantial (517 kW) and the battery bank huge (2082 kWh),181 kW), as is the battery bank (1518 kWh). In this case thePV array and a huge battery bank (6434 kWh). Note that this

Lasseter, Robert

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Exceeding Energy Consumption Design Expectations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) the building consumed 208.7 kWh m-2 yr-1, 83% of the expected energy consumption (250 kWh m-2 yr-1). This dropped further to 176.1 kWh m-2 yr-1 in 2012 (70% below expected). Factors affecting building energy consumption have been discussed and appraised...

Castleton, H. F.; Beck, S. B. M.; Hathwat, E. A.; Murphy, E.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Essays on the Economics of Environmental Issues: The Environmental Kuznets Curve to Optimal Energy Portfolios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

levelized generating costs per kWh. Expected portfolioThis is due to the high cost per kWh (low return) shown in2 costs are derived by multiplying 1kg of CO 2 per kWh for

Meininger, Aaron G.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Techno-Economic Analysis of Indian Draft Standard Levels for Room Air Conditioners  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the current cost of production of 3.5 Rs per kWh. It isthe average cost of production to be 3.50 Rs. per kWh, or $the cost of production significantly at 4.80 Rs. per kWh. As

McNeil, Michael A.; Iyer, Maithili

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

customer groups. While the cost per kWh for each respectivewith the average cost declines, per kWh for average andcost of doing so would be zero (prior to 2011), or small, on the order of 5 cents per kWh (

McAllister, Joseph Andrew

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

LIGHTING CONTROLS: SURVEY OF MARKET POTENTIAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Increased Energy Cost (B$) @ $0.10 per kWh Decrease Energytypical energy costs ($0.05 to $0.10 per kWh), and standardand for energy costs of $0.05 and $0.10 per kWh for four

Verderber, R.R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Providing better indoor environmental quality brings economic benefits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to operate fans cost 0.10 € per kWh, the daily energy costdata, and energy costs of 0.04 € per kWh for heat and 0.1 €0.05 and 0.15 € per kWh, the benefit-cost ratios are 80 and

Fisk, William; Seppanen, Olli

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Potential Electricity Impacts of a 1978 California Drought  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is assumed to cost 11 mills per kWh in steam expense.33are assumed to cost 32 mills per kWh to PG&E. fuel costs,we arrive at costs of 24 mills per kWh for oil genera- tion

Sathaye, J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Selecting Thermal Storage Systems for Schools  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

per meter + KWH charge. On peak monthly average (June 89 thru September 89) $.0676/KWH. Off peak monthly average (October 89 thru May 90) $.0481/KWH. Natural Gas - Lone Star Gas Company - September 88 thru August 89 monthly average $4.41 MCF...

Maxwell, C. L.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour kwh joules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Introduction to Benchmarking: Starting a Benchmarking Plan  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

plant Btu per pound of product Manufacturer Btu per pound of product processed Refinery Btu per number of beds occupied Hotel or hospital Kilowatt-hours per square foot...

182

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

in the Virgin Islands were paying an average price of 47 cents per kilowatthour for electricity. The Virgin Islands' first large-scale solar project, the 451-kilowatt King...

183

Residential Network Members Impact More Than 42,000 Households...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

annual electricity savings of more than 5 million kilowatt-hours; estimated natural gas savings of 71,580 British therms; and 653,245 estimated annual cost savings. In New...

184

B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Journal  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 Partners celebrate win-win at hatchery Fewer kilowatt-hours in, more fish out, both numbering in the millions. That's the equation for success at Dworshak National Fish Hatchery...

185

Renewable Energy Production Tax Credit (Corporate)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Enacted in 2002, the New Mexico Renewable Energy Production Tax Credit provides a tax credit against the corporate income tax of one cent per kilowatt-hour for companies that generate electricity...

186

Webinar: Award-Winning LEEP Campaign Sites Demonstrate Big Savings in High Efficiency Parking Lighting  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Lighting Energy Efficiency in Parking (LEEP) Campaign is saving nearly 45 million kilowatt-hours and $4 million annually by upgrading its partners to high efficiency lighting in over 500,000 parking spaces.

187

Electric power monthly, July 1995 - with data for April 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication provides statistical data on net generation, fuel consumption, fossil fuel stocks, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on fossil fuel stocks and costs are also included.

NONE

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

SunShot Initiative: Making Solar Energy Affordable for All Americans (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Through SunShot, DOE supports efforts by private companies, universities, and national laboratories to drive down the cost of solar electricity to $0.06 per kilowatt-hour, making solar energy affordable for more American families and businesses.

Not Available

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Figure 1. Nonhydroelectric renewable generation  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1. Nonhydroelectric renewable generation" " (billion kilowatthours)" ,2007,2008,2009,2010,2011,2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019,2020,2021,2022,2023,2024,2025,2026,2027,2028,...

190

Renewable Energy Production Tax Credit (Personal)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Enacted in 2002, the New Mexico Renewable Energy Production Tax Credit provides a tax credit against the personal income tax of one cent per kilowatt-hour for companies that generate electricity...

191

Comprehensive Pyrometry of Incandescent Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene in the Visible and Near Infrared  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

E. Pop, “Infrared Microscopy of Joule Heating in Graphenenear infrared is attainable through gating and heating of

Singer, Scott

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Electric sales and revenue 1992, April 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. This publication provides information about sales of electricity, its associated revenue, and the average revenue per kilowatthour sold to residential, commercial, industrial, and other consumers throughout the United States. The sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1992. The electric revenue reported by each electric utility includes the applicable revenue from kilowatthours sold; revenue from income; unemployment and other State and local taxes; energy, demand, and consumer service charges; environmental surcharges; franchise fees; fuel adjustments; and other miscellaneous charges. The revenue does not include taxes, such as sales and excise taxes, that are assessed on the consumer and collected through the utility. Average revenue per kilowatthour is defined as the cost per unit of electricity sold and is calculated by dividing retail sales into the associated electric revenue. The sales of electricity, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour provided in this report are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels.

Not Available

1994-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

193

Electric sales and revenue: 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. This publication provides information about sales of electricity, its associated revenue, and the average revenue per kilowatthour sold to residential, commercial, industrial, and other consumers throughout the United States. The sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1993. Operating revenue includes energy charges, demand charges, consumer service charges, environmental surcharges, fuel adjustments, and other miscellaneous charges. The revenue does not include taxes, such as sales and excise taxes, that are assessed on the consumer and collected through the utility. Average revenue per kilowatthour is defined as the cost per unit of electricity sold and is calculated by dividing retail sales into the associated electric revenue. Because electric rates vary based on energy usage, average revenue per kilowatthour are affected by changes in the volume of sales. The sales of electricity, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour data provided in this report are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels.

Not Available

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

H222c Introduction to Energy & Environment: Humans & Nature P. B. Rhines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Joules/year. With 312 million people our per capita energy consumption is 10.2 kilowatts, or 5.6 times consumption per person, including all the familiar energy sources. (The USCB estimates that the world 1020 Joules per year currently. If words are easy to remember this is 400 exaJoules. With about 7

195

Xiangchun Xuan Department of Mechanical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-driven flow [15, 16]. However, there exists inevitable Joule heating in the liquid when an electric field systems. This article attempts to review the topic on Joule heating in electrokinetic flow. We focus April 20, 2007 Revised May 21, 2007 Accepted May 21, 2007 Review Joule heating in electrokinetic flow

Xuan, Xiangchun "Schwann"

196

J.Ongena Our Energy Future Bochum, 18 November 2012 How to shape our future energy supply ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ 5kWh One liter of petrol ­ 10kWh One aluminum can for coke, water,... (15g) ­ 0.6kWh Energy : Some: There are only 3 different methods to produce energy 1. Burning Fossil Fuels : Coal, Oil, Gas ? Enormous in the world (2007) Energy source Power [TW] Contribution [%] Oil 4.6 36.6 Coal 3.12 24.9 Gas 3.02 24.1 Hydro

Gerwert, Klaus

197

Final Project Due: May 18, 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Geos 206 Final Project Due: May 18, 2010 Save the trees, and the music stands: An Energy: Monthly totals Total Electricity in kWh Average kWh per day Cost $.11/kWh Emissions .41 kg/kWh (unit in kg electricity bill, cost and emissions of the Bernhard/Chapin complex. 4 Figure 3: This graph provides a monthly

Aalberts, Daniel P.

198

Analysis of Energy Consumption of Duplex Residences in College Station, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

heating base ioad base load cooling heating days temperature kwh kwh kwh % month month January 31 48.5 0 705 836 54 0 1 February 28.25 52.4 0 507 762 60 0 1 March 31 60.3 0 255 836 77 0 1 April 30 68.2 0 0 809 100 0 0 May 31 74.6 175 0 836 83 1 0...

Kim, S. B.; Woods, P. K.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

The Cost of Power Disturbances to Industrial & Digital Economy Companies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-4: Average Cost Per Outage by Annual kWh and Duration 2-5 Figure 2-5: Average Cost Per Outage for DE by Data-5: Average Annual Per Establishment Cost of Outages by Annual kWh 3-6 Figure 3-6: Aggregate Annual Cost-4: Average Annual Per Establishment Cost of PQ Problems by Annual kWh 4-4 Figure 4-5: Aggregate Annual Cost

Schrijver, Karel

200

Water and Energy Interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy intensive of the four types—consume 2,951 kWh of electricity per million gallons (3.8 million liters) of treated water

McMahon, James E.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour kwh joules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Guidelines to Defra's GHG conversion factors for company reporting Annexes updated June 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.498 Coking Coal tonnes x 2810 x 2810 kWh x 0.349 x 0.332 Aviation Spirit tonnes x 3128 x 3128 kWh x 0.250 x 0.281 x 0.267 Burning Oil1 tonnes x 3150 x 3150 kWh x 0.258 x 0.245 litres x 2.518 x 2.518 Coal 2 tonnes xWh x 0.249 x 0.237 Lubricants tonnes x 3171 x 3171 kWh x 0.263 x 0.250 Petroleum Coke tonnes x 3410 x

202

Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

biogas digester .. Installation of a biogas digester  In order to demonstrate heat value of biogas production: 321 kWh.   The digester is 

Casillas, Christian E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Automated Demand Response Technologies and Demonstration in New York City using OpenADR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

C. McParland, "Open Automated Demand Response Communications2011. Utility & Demand Response Programs Energy ProviderAnnual Consumption (kWh) Demand Response Program Curtailment

Kim, Joyce Jihyun

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternative fuels experience Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT Summary: -hours (kWh) of experience. The company's presently markets phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC) and PEM units... 2008 FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES...

205

Air movement as an energy efficient means toward occupant comfort  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

only by electrical lighting (481 trillion BTU vs. 1340only by electrical lighting (141 billion kWh vs. 393 billion

Arens, Edward; Zhang, Hui; Pasut, Wilmer; Zhai, Yongchao; Hoyt, Tyler; Huang, Li

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Measured Energy Savings from the Application of Reflective Roofs in 3 AT&T Regeneration Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the buildings are about 125kWh per year (8.6 kWh/m2 [0.8 kWh/ft2 ]); at a cost of $0.1/kWh, savings are about the reflectivities increased to about 72%. In two of these buildings, we monitored savings of about 0.5kWh per day of about 13kWh per day (860 Wh/m2 [80 Wh/ft2 ]). These savings probably resulted from the differences

207

Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

battery storage.grid, the cost of battery storage per unit of load servedalong with 22 kWh of battery storage. This study claims only

Garbesi, Karina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

--No Title--  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4. Electricity Consumption and Expenditure Intensities for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Electricity Consumption Electricity Expenditures per Building (thousand kWh) per Square Foot...

209

Residential Electricity Demand in China -- Can Efficiency Reverse the Growth?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for 90% of household electricity consumption in China. Usinggives an annual electricity consumption of 12kWh assumingto look at is electricity consumption at the household

Letschert, Virginie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Essays in Public Economics and Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

but only economic incentives (kWh) Simulations: totargets through economic incentives is often consideredtargets through economic incentives (e.g. , prices) is often

Gerard, Francois

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Flow of mantle fluids through the ductile lower crust: Helium isotope trends  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

particularly for geothermal energy development. Mantlex 10 kWh of accessible geothermal energy. This is a sizableBasic Energy Sciences and Office of Geothermal Technologies

Kennedy, B. Mack; van Soest, Matthijs C.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Preliminary Assumptions for Natural Gas Peaking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

") 179 MW lifecycle Site heat rate (Btu/kwh): 9,350 ("new and clean") 9,430 lifecycle (36% efficiency

213

Performance Analysis of XCPC Powered Solar Cooling Demonstration Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

47 3.8 Economic Evaluation…………………………………………………………….49 4. AElectrical (kWh) Electrical COP 3.8 Economic Evaluation Asimple economic evaluation of the system was performed using

Widyolar, Bennett

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Table C22. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Year Constructed for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace...

215

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Region for All Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of Buildings...

216

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

7A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Division for All Buildings, 2003: Part 1 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of...

217

--No Title--  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Region for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of Buildings...

218

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

2A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Year Constructed for All Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of Buildings...

219

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Division for All Buildings, 2003: Part 2 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of...

220

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

9A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Division for All Buildings, 2003: Part 3 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour kwh joules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

--No Title--  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Climate Zonea for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of Buildings...

222

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

0A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Climate Zonea for All Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of Buildings...

223

A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: Technical Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Real Prices (2005$) Crude Oil (left) US Retail Gasoline (retail prices in California including PG&E residential electricity $0.1144/kWh, gasolineretail prices Gasoline

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Real Prices (2005$) Crude Oil (left) US Retail Gasoline (retail prices in California including PG&E residential electricity $0.1144/kWh, gasolineretail prices Gasoline

Farrell, Alexander; Sperling, Daniel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6A. Electricity Expenditures by Census Region for All Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Expenditures (million dollars) Electricity Expenditures (dollars) per kWh per Square Foot...

226

A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electricity prices with non-generation costs of $0.07816/kWh (Pacific Gas and Electric Company, 2006). Households

Farrell, Alexander; Sperling, Daniel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: Technical Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electricity prices with non-generation costs of $0.07816/kWh (Pacific Gas and Electric Company, 2006). Households

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Water, Neighborhoods and Urban Design: Micro-Utilities and the Fifth Infrastructure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the very aggressive “passive house” standard of 15 Kwh/m2-yplus energy houses”) which combine a passive solar direct

Elmer, Vicki; Fraker, Harrison

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Japan's Residential Energy Demand Outlook to 2030 Considering Energy Efficiency Standards "Top-Runner Approach"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transformers Electric Rice Cookers, DVD Recorders, MicrowaveElectric Toilet Seats Rice Cookers kWh/year kWh/year kWh/

Komiyama, Ryoichi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Elk Valley Rancheria Energy Efficiency and Alternatives Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Elk Valley Rancheria; Tribe; renewable energy; energy options analysis. The Elk Valley Rancheria, California ('Tribe') is a federally recognized Indian tribe located in Del Norte County, California, in the northwestern corner of California. The Tribe, its members and Tribal enterprises are challenged by increasing energy costs and undeveloped local energy resources. The Tribe currently lacks an energy program. The Tribal government lacked sufficient information to make informed decisions about potential renewable energy resources, energy alternatives and other energy management issues. To meet this challenge efficiently, the Tribe contracted with Frank Zaino and Associates, Inc. to help become more energy self-sufficient, by reducing their energy costs and promoting energy alternatives that stimulate economic development. Frank Zaino & Associates, Inc. provided a high level economic screening analysis based on anticipated electric and natural gas rates. This was in an effort to determine which alternative energy system will performed at a higher level so the Tribe could reduce their energy model by 30% from alternative fuel sources. The feasibility study will identify suitable energy alternatives and conservation methods that will benefit the Tribe and tribal community through important reductions in cost. The lessons learned from these conservation efforts will yield knowledge that will serve a wider goal of executing energy efficiency measures and practices in Tribal residences and business facilities. Pacific Power is the provider of electrical power to the four properties under review at $ 0.08 per Kilowatt-hour (KWH). This is a very low energy cost compared to alternative energy sources. The Tribe used baseline audits to assess current and historic energy usage at four Rancheria owned facilities. Past electric and gas billing statements were retained for review for the four buildings that will be audited. A comparative assessment of the various energy usages will determine the demand, forecast future need and identify the differences in energy costs, narrowing the focus of the work and defining its scope. The Tribe's peak demand periods will help determine the scope of need for alternative energy sources. The Tribe's Energy Efficiency and Alternatives Analysis report included several system investigations which include fuel cells, wind turbines, solar panels, hydro electric, ground source heat pumps, bio mass, cogeneration & energy conservation and implementation for the existing properties. The energy analysis included site visits to collect and analyze historical energy usage and cost. The analysis also included the study of the building systems for the Elk Valley Casino, Elk Valley Rancheria administration complex, United Indian Health Service/Small Community Center complex and the Tribal Gaming Commission Offices. The analysis involved identifying modifications, performing an engineering economic analysis, preparation of a rank ordered list of modifications and preparation of a report to provide recommendations and actions for the Tribe to implement.

Ed Wait, Elk Valley Rancheria; Frank Ziano & Associates, Inc.

2011-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

231

City of Phoenix - Energize Phoenix Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energize Phoenix (EPHX) was designed as an ambitious, large-scale, three-year pilot program to provide energy efficiency upgrades in buildings, along Phoenix’s new Light Rail Corridor – part of a federal effort to reduce energy consumption and stimulate job growth, while simultaneously reducing the country’s carbon footprint and promoting a shift towards a green economy. The program was created through a 2010 competitive grant awarded to the City of Phoenix who managed the program in partnership with Arizona State University (ASU), the state’s largest university, and Arizona Public Service (APS), the state’s largest electricity provider. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Better Buildings Neighborhood Program (BBNP) and the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009 provided $25M in funding for the EPHX program. The Light Rail Corridor runs through the heart of downtown Phoenix, making most high-rise and smaller commercial buildings eligible to participate in the EPHX program, along with a diverse mix of single and multi-family residential buildings. To ensure maximum impact and deeper market penetration, Energize Phoenix was subdivided into three unique parts: i. commercial rebate program, ii. commercial financing program, and iii. residential program Each component was managed by the City of Phoenix in partnership with APS. Phoenix was fortunate to partner with APS, which already operated robust commercial and residential rebate programs within its service territory. Phoenix tapped into the existing utility contractor network, provided specific training to over 100 contracting firms, and leveraged the APS rebate program structure (energy efficiency funding) to launch the EPHX commercial and residential rebate programs. The commercial finance program was coordinated and managed through a contract with National Bank of Arizona, NBAZ, which also provided project capital leveraging EPHX finance funds. Working in unison, approved contractors jointly produced more than 161,000 labor hours in pursuit of EPHX goals over the life of the project. Labor hours were spread among electricians, heating, ventilating and air-conditioning (HVAC) technicians, marketing professionals, engineers, sales, and administrative support staff across the approved contractor workforce. Program participants received both the utility rebate along with the EPHX rebate, and depending on project size and utility rebate structure some projects resulted in low to no-cost upgrades for customers. Phoenix also partnered with ASU, a grant sub-recipient, to leverage the institution’s expertise in research and data analysis. In this partnership, ASU accepted marketing responsibilities for the grant and partnered with DRA Communications (DRA), a Phoenix-based marketing firm, to create and communicate the message out to the marketplace. The EPHX program has completed its energy upgrade activities. A review of the work completed by ASU revealed that the EPHX program substantially exceeded the program’s stated goals by retrofitting/upgrading over 33 million sq ft of commercial space (30 million sq ft goal exceeded by 11%) and 2,014 residential units (1,700 unit goal exceeded by 18%) along the Light Rail Corridor. The program helped stimulate economic growth by adding $31million to the local economy and enhanced an already robust energy efficiency contractor network. This contractor network will continue to promote utility energy incentives to sustain energy efficiency upgrade activities in the future. Finally, EPHX helped reduce participants annual energy consumption by 135 million kilowatt-hour (kWh) translating into over $12.5 million of annual energy cost avoidance for the community. This also resulted in projected payback period of 4.5 years for total investment by all parties and reduced greenhouse gas emissions by over 95,000 metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e).

Laloudakis, Dimitrios J.

2014-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

232

Building a 40% Energy Saving House in the Mixed-Humid Climate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes a home that uses 40% less energy than the energy-efficient Building America standard - a giant step in the pursuit of affordable near-zero-energy housing through the evolution of five near-zero-energy research houses. This four-bedroom, two-bath, 1232-ft2 house has a Home Energy Rating System (HERS) index of 35 (a HERS rating of 0 is a zero-energy house, a conventional new house would have a HERS rating of 100), which qualifies it for federal energy efficiency and solar incentives. The house is leading to the planned construction of a similar home in Greensburg, Kansas, and 21 staff houses in the Walden Reserve, a 7000-unit "deep green" community in Cookville, Tennessee. Discussions are underway for construction of similar houses in Charleston, South Carolina, Seattle, Washington, Knoxville and Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and upstate New York. This house should lead to a 40% and 50% Gate-3, Mixed-Humid-Climate Joule for the DOE Building America Program. The house is constructed with structurally-insulated-panel walls and roof, raised metal-seam roof with infrared reflective coating, airtight envelope (1.65 air changes per hour at 50 Pascal), supply mechanical ventilation, ducts inside the conditioned space, extensive moisture control package, foundation geothermal space heating and cooling system, ZEHcor wall, solar water heater, and a 2.2 kWp grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) system. The detailed specifications for the envelope and the equipment used in ZEH5 compared to all the houses in this series are shown in Tables 1 and 2. Based on a validated computer simulation of ZEH5 with typical occupancy patterns and energy services for four occupants, energy for this all-electric house is predicted to cost only $0.66/day ($0.86/day counting the hookup charges). By contrast, the benchmark house would require $3.56/day, including hookup charges (these costs are based on a 2006 residential rates of $0.07/kWh and solar buyback at $0.15/kWh). The solar fraction for this home located in Lenoir City, Tennessee, is predicted to be as high as 41%(accounting for both solar PV and the solar water heater). This all-electric home is predicted to use 25 kWh/day based on the one year of measured data used to calibrate a whole-building simulation model. Based on two years of measured data, the roof-mounted 2.2 kWp PV system is predicted to generate 7.5 kWh/day. The 2005 cost to commercially construct ZEH5, including builder profit and overhead, is estimated at about $150,000. This cost - for ZEH5's panelized construction, premanufactured utility wall (ZEHcor), foundation geothermal system, and the addition of the walkout lower level, and considering the falling cost for PV - suggests that the construction cost per ft2 for a ZEH5 two-story will be even more cost-competitive. The 2005 construction cost estimate for a finished-out ZEH5 with 2632 ft2 is $222,000 or $85/ft2. The intention of this report is to help builders and homeowners make the decision to build zero-energy-ready homes. Detailed drawings, specifications, and lessons learned in the construction and analysis of data from about 100 sensors monitoring thermal performance for a one-year period are presented. This information should be specifically useful to those considering structural insulated panel walls and roof, foundation geothermal space heating and cooling, solar water heater and roof-mounted, photovoltaic, grid-tied systems.

Christian, Jeffrey E [ORNL; Bonar, Jacob [ORNL

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

What does a negawatt really cost?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use data from ten utility conservation programs to calculate the cost per kWh of electricity saved -- the cost of a "negawatthour" -- resulting from these programs. We first compute the life-cycle cost per kWh saved ...

Joskow, Paul L.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Long Term Operation of Renewable Energy Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hot water, daylighting, passive cooling, and generation of electricity from a 10 kW wind turbine and 1.9 kW of photovoltaic panels, each connected to the utility grid through inverters. Since 1991, 16,900 kWh have been purchased and 31,300 kWh returned...

Nelson, V.; Starcher, K.; Davis, D.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) ? PHEV Evaluations...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

kWh MPG per FWHET Test Cumulative MPG Cumulative AC kWh 15 FY07 EnergyCS Prius - Fuel Costs EnergyCS PHEV Prius UDDS & HWFET Fuel Cost per Mile 0.000 0.005 0.010 0.015...

236

Bill Bradbury Jennifer Anders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

production can be a very electricity intensive. Provide information on energy efficiency potential Electricity Use in Indoor Production Aluminum Production ~ 16 KWH/kg Indoor Cannabis production ~ 5000 KWH 3, 2014 MEMORANDUM TO: Power Committee FROM: Massoud Jourabchi SUBJECT: Electrical load impacts

237

Energy Fluxes optimization for PV integrated Rim.Missaoui, Ghaith.Warkozek, Seddik. Bacha, Stphane.Ploix.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

capable both to satisfy the maximum available electrical energy constraint and to maximize user comfort-time simulation I. NOMENCLATURE t Sampling step time, [hour]. Sampling time of the anticipatory layer. i by the load [kWh]. E (i, k) Energy produced by the source i during period k [kWh]. Ppv PV power produced

Boyer, Edmond

238

H A&S 222a: Introduction to Energy and Environment (Life Under the Pale Sun) out: Tues 4 April 2006  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

turbines connected to electrical generators, making that much average electric power). An average family) in this comparison? ·Electrical energy is sold by the kilowatt hour (KWH). What is the cost of one KWH in Seattle (for example being the electrical energy required to burn a 100-watt light bulb for 10 hours). Convert

239

1360 Barrington Street P.O. Box 1000  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.1 cents per kWh. This seems excessive, considering that residential electricity now costs about 10 cents per kWh. It is unclear whether this is the annual cost or the projected cost in 2029. The cost the consumer cost is pegged at $141 million with an energy savings of 1,551 GWh (see Table, page 15) or about 9

Hughes, Larry

240

Physics Today Livermore ends LIFE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

represent considerable sav- ings, since vanadium electrolyte costs about $200/kWh. The company antici- pates and for a cost of $1000 per unit. Using other bat- tery technologies, such units now sell for around $4000. Other Scuderi, business development manager, the Zn­MnO2 technology could attain the $100/kWh cost target once

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour kwh joules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Saving Fuel, Reducing Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cost and the marginal fuel savings (assuming a base case of ten cents per kWhper kWh, which would bring it in line with the break-even costcost per mile: electricity vs. gasoline PRICE OF ELECTRICITY ($/kWh)

Kammen, Daniel M.; Arons, Samuel M.; Lemoine, Derek M.; Hummel, Holmes

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Business Case for Energy Efficiency in Support of Climate Change Mitigation, Economic and Societal Benefits in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5W to 1 W, at a cost of two cents per kWh. Electric cookingassume a cost of conserved energy of two cents per kWh forCost of Conserved Energy Utility Price $ per MMbtu $ per kWh

Bojda, Nicholas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

CeSOS Highlights and AMOS Visions 27-29th May 2013 Aurlien Babarit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2013 Criteria for comparison > The true criterion is cost of kWh. > kWh (power production) can absorption · Income side of COE · The higher the power absorption per unit, the less the installation cost a limit to the allowed cost for viability #12;A. Babarit CeSOS Highlights and AMOS Visions ­ 27-29th May

Nørvåg, Kjetil

244

COMPUTER DESIGN AND OPTIMIZATION OF CRYOGENIC REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the assumed electrical energy cost is $0.04 per kWh.cost (the cost is given in US$ per kWh at 80.4°K) andThe cost of nitrogen refrigeration given in $ per kWh at

green, M.A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Economic and Conservation Evaluation of Capital Renovation Projects: United Irrigation District of Hidalgo County (United) - Rehabilitation of Main Canal, Laterals, and Diversion Pump Station - Preliminary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

construction cost per BTU (kwh) of energy savings measure is $0.0003376 per BTU ($1.152 per kwh). The aggregate ratio of initial construction costs per dollar of total annual economic savings is estimated to be -3.442....

Rister, M. Edward; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Sturdivant, Allen W.

246

The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

have a much higher cost per kWh produced than baseload coal,life to 30 years on the cost per kWh is fairly small due tocosts through non-energy payments, which are incorporated as a constant per-kWh

Borenstein, Severin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Microgrid Selection and Operation for Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a low storage, PV, and solar thermal price run; and 6. a lowstorage of US$50/kWh for solar thermal and US$60/kWh forof 2.5US$/W & low solar thermal costs (minus 10% of original

Marnay, Chris; Environmental Energy Technologies Division

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

LABORATOIRE D'ECONOMIE DE LA PRODUCTION ET DE L'INTEGRATION INTERNATIONALE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wh/h] Smax = Storage system capacity [kWh] SOCmax = Storage upper capacity limit [kWh] SOCmin = Storage lower = Storage efficiency Greek symbols - Decision variables (t) = Binary decision variable, (t) = 1 if the battery is in charge mode, (t) = 0 if the battery is in discharge mode (t) = Binary decision variable, (t

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

249

Conservation screening curves to compare efficiency investments to power plants: Applications to commercial sector conservation programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

short-run marginal cost or avoided cost) to get a value ofcan be added to the fuel cost avoided by each kWh (i.e. ,CCE, in ¢/kWh) and the Cost of Avoided Peak Power (CAPP, in

Koomey, Jonathan; Rosenfeld, Arthur H.; Gadgil, Ashok J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

2015 Vehicle Buyer's Guide (Brochure), Clean Cities, Energy...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Year) Driving Range (Miles) GHG Score** Fuel Economy (MPGe) CityHwy Starting MSRP BMW i3 125 kW21 kWh 0.2 81 10 137114 41,350 Chevrolet Spark 104 kW20 kWh 0.2 82 10 128...

251

Increasing Energy Efficiency and Reducing Emissions from China's Cement Kilns: Audit Report of Two Cement Plants in Shandong Province, China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conversion: 1 kwh = 10,500 Btu for power production Averageelectricity and at 10,500 Btu/kwh or 2,646 kcal/kHz energyHCs Unit Nm3/hr Nm3/hr cfh Btu/scf MM Btu/hr GJ/hr Btu/scf

Price, Lynn

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

CEC-500-2010-FS-004 Development and Demonstration of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and electricity generation goals, the use of renewable energy technologies, including solar, must be expanded is to achieve a levelized cost of electricity of about 15 cents per kilowatt-hour for concentrating PV systems or absorbing reactive power to or from the grid. · Increasing plug-and-play capabilities of PV systems

253

Policies supporting Heat Pump Technologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policies supporting Heat Pump Technologies in Canada IEA Heat Pump Workshop London, UK November 13 in the world, with an average of 16,995 kilowatt-hours per annum. #12;Canada's Context for Heat Pumps Impacts avenues: Ground source heat pumps for cold climates (heating and cooling) Reversible air source heat

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

254

ATTACHMENT A Public Utilities Code Section 399.20,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resource. (c) Every electrical corporation shall file with the commission a standard tariff, as individual circumstances merit. (d) (1) The tariff shall provide for payment for every kilowatthour to the tariff are indifferent to whether a ratepayer with an electric generation facility receives service

255

Briefing Note 2010 6 28 May 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

include connecting the Supergrid to solarvoltaic panels and concentrating solar power installations as having an abundance of renewable energy sources, with wind farms in Scotland, solar panels in Germany as early as 2030. The wholesale cost would be an estimated 4.6 eurocents per kilowatt-hour, close

Pedersen, Tom

256

Making it Happen The Action Plan The Council believes it is critical that the region act now to help secure an adequate, efficient,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are minimal. This means that unlike a conventional generating unit, there are no operating costs to be avoided REDUCE SYSTEM COST AND RISK Conservation Conservation is the highest priority resource under passage at an average levelized cost of approximately 2.5 cents per kilowatt-hour. Despite

257

Electric sales and revenue 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Information is provided on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers throughout the US. The data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels. The information is based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1996. 16 figs., 20 tabs.

NONE

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Office of the President AGENDA ITEM 301 September 7, 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Care is the No. 1 health care system in the Salt Lake City metro area, according to U.S. News & World of 85 million kilowatt-hours of green electricity (green.) certified renewable energy and solar panel to 31 percent of the school's total electricity consumption. EPA's list highlights institutions

Capecchi, Mario R.

259

Authors' Note: Address correspondence to John Byrne, Center for Energy & Environmental Policy, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716-7301; e-mail: jbbyrne@udel.edu.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

kilowatt-hours, so that increased energy consumption and economic growth can continue. The article doubts part by the energy sector,2 one might hope that social concerns would rival technical ones. But so far81 Authors' Note: Address correspondence to John Byrne, Center for Energy & Environmental Policy

Delaware, University of

260

Correspondence Latest MMR `dispute'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's reassurances. We should instead be considering solar energy -- a safe and sustainable option. India receives 5,000 trillion kilowatt-hours of solar energy equivalent every year, more than the total energy the country of the UK General Medical Council last year, but fail to report that it found Wakefield guilty, against

Gillespie, Rosemary

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour kwh joules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Generating Revenue for Generating Green Electricity: Evidence from Laboratory Experiments on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Programs The first generation of green electricity programs were established over the last fifteen years generation. As of 2009, 860 such programs were operating in the United States (Bird and Sumner, 2010 per kilowatt-hour and decides the fraction of monthly electricity consumption to which the premium

Edwards, Paul N.

262

MA 16010 - Exam 2 Practice Exam 2 1. Given f(x) = x2 sinx . Find f/(x ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The price of one kilowatt-hour of electricity is given by p(t)=(t2 + 2t)2, where p(t) is the price in dollars and t is years after 2014 (so 2015 corresponds to t = 1.).

2015-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

263

H A&S 220d Energy and Environment P.B.Rhines Spring 2009 Numbers and formulas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. thermal energy of an ideal gas: CvT (Joules) where Cv is the specific heat capacity at constant volume = = 719 J/kg 0K thermal energy of solids and liquids is usually given as CpT where Cp is the specific heat capacity at constant pressure. For ice, Cp=2095 Joules/(kg 0C). For liquid water Cp = 4180 Joules/(kg 0C

264

E-Print Network 3.0 - altitude swimming kogata Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: plasma pressure gradients Consequences Currents, electric fields, Joule heating SWIM Chapman Conference... plasma motion At altitudes where ions are collisionally...

265

Characterization of Single Barrier Microrefrigerators at Cryogenic Temperatures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is expected, as the Peltier cooling is proportional towith the conventional Peltier modules, which are based onby the balance between Peltier/thermionic cooling, Joule

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Design of bulk thermoelectric modules for integrated circuit thermal management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the TEC based on the Peltier effect. Meanwhile, there isthermal resis- tances. Here, Peltier cooling and heating andsources. There are two Peltier effects and one Joule heating

Fukutani, K; Shakouri, A

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Thermoelectric Transport in a ZrN/ScN Superlattice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Seebeck voltage due to Peltier cooling/heating and JouleSeebeck voltage due to the Peltier effect was extracted by

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Scalable Routes to Efficient Thermoelectric Materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

based on resistive thermometers. Often, if the other aspectsarranged resistive thermometer to both supply Joule heat andof a well-defined resistive thermometer on the experimental

Feser, Joseph Patrick

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

23rd steam-station cost survey  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of the 23rd Steam Station Cost Survey covering the year 1982 are summarized. The major categories of the survey are as follows: general data; output data, 1982; fuel consumption, 1982; operation 1982 (mills/net kWh); investment ($/net kWh); energy cost, 1982 (mills/net kWh); and station performance, 1982. Thirty-one fossil-fuel steam plants and four nuclear stations were included in the survey. Fuel and operating cost increases are felt to be responsible for the moderate rise in total busbar-enery costs. 11 figures, 1 table.

Friedlander, G.D.; Going, M.C.

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

146 JOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS, VOL. 9, NO. 1, MARCH 2000 Self-Buckling of Micromachined Beams Under  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electrical current is applied, joule-heating effects trigger the thermal expansion of beam structures, starting from the electrical inputs that provides the joule-heating energy to the mechanical actuation with the heating of microstructures by the electrical power. An electro-thermal model for heavily doped polysilicon

Lin, Liwei

271

Energy notes: Energy in natural processes and human consumption, some numbers H A&S 220c Fall 2004 19x2004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy notes: Energy in natural processes and human consumption, some numbers H A&S 220c Fall 2004 consumption rate per capita U.S. 102 Electric razor 101 Energy Content of Fuels (in Joules) Energy Unit Joules person (Note: MWE is an abbreviation for megawatts-electrical output) Global Energy Consumption Global

272

Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in China: Growth, Transition, and Institutional Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in particular: cement, energy (coal mining and hydropower),average of renewable energy and coal, which significantlyManufacture Coal Electricity Specific Energy (kg, kWh t -1

Kahrl, Fredrich James

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

NREL PV Projects - FUPWG Meeting: "Going Coastal for Energy Efficiency...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

kWdc (1,200,000 kWh) one-axis tracking PV system - Grid connected (NREL "side of the meter") - Milestones Agreements: January 2008 Operation: August 2008 Solar Rewards...

274

Measured energy performance of a US-China demonstration energy-efficient office building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

low price period kWh Ice storage system power consumption 2loss through the ice storage system, the average coolingto the measured results. Ice storage system The two Carrier

Xu, Peng; Huang, Joe; Jin, Ruidong; Yang, Guoxiong

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Third-Party Financing and Power Purchase Agreements for Public...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

500 kW system @ 3.5 to 4 million Federal tax benefits 55% 6 Some key elements of a PPA Price per kWh of electricity Annual escalation factor (2-5%) Length of the agreement...

276

Microsoft Word - Tab 2d - Project Descriptions Press Format ...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Micrel; Colorado - NREL. Key Metrics Key Metrics LCOE (kWh) Manufacturing Capacity (MW) 0.1400 60 Baseline (2006) 0.3300 1 0.0600 1000 2009-2010 2014-2015 High...

277

Solar America Initiative  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Micrel; Colorado - NREL. Key Metrics Key Metrics LCOE (kWh) Manufacturing Capacity (MW) 0.1400 60 Baseline (2006) 0.3300 1 0.0600 1000 2009-2010 2014-2015 The Boeing...

278

Interpreting human activity from electrical consumption data through non-intrusive load monitoring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Non-intrusive load monitoring (NILM) has three distinct advantages over today's smart meters. First, it offers accountability. Few people know where their kWh's are going. Second, it is a maintenance tool. Signs of wear ...

Gillman, Mark Daniel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

--No Title--  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Space Heat- ing Cool- ing Venti- lation Water Heat- ing Light- ing Cook- ing Refrig- eration Office Equip- ment Com- puters Other...

280

Case Study of Two MBCx Projects: Using M&V to Track Energy Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

operation • Re-establish supply air temperature set point reset control in AHU1 • Other measures • Approximately 483,000 kWh (10%), 2.7M lbs/yr steam (51%) #0;? Estimated using DOE 2 analysis • Cost reduction $84,000 (14%), Payback 0.7 years 13 Soda Hall... 006 3/ 24/ 2 006 3/ 26/ 2 00 6 3/ 28/ 2 00 6 3/ 3 0/ 2 006 Date kW h 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 De g F AHU 1 Daily kWh AHU 3 Daily kWh AHU 4 Daily kWh OAT Daily Average AHU 1 supply fan malf. begins here. Same date as economizer fix. 17 M...

Jump, D.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour kwh joules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

not only the tangible investment costs such as the turnkeyDG unit minus the investment cost. As for Eq. (9), it is aplus the amortised investment cost per kWh e of the DG unit

Siddiqui, Afzal

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid Under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

only the tangible investment costs, but also the opportunityDG unit minus the investment cost. As for Equation (9), itplus the amortised investment cost per kWh of the DG unit is

Siddiqui, Afzal; Marnay, Chris

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Designing PV Incentive Programs to Promote Performance: A Review of Current Practice in the U.S.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Program Washington Renewable Energy Production Incentivesrenewable energy credits (RECs) via energy production-basedRenewable DG Program ($0.01/kWh for the first year of energy production)

Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Renewable Resource Integration Project - Scoping Study of Strategic Transmission, Operations, and Reliability Issues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

12 Table 3. Renewable Energy Production Required forTable  Table 3. Renewable Energy Production Required forEnergy Consumption Renewable Energy Production B kWH Year In

Budhraja, Vikram

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Sam, Booth, Targeting Net Zero DoD Project Review  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Cost Savings () 43,976,816 Base Case LCOE (kWh) 0.281 RE Case LCOE(kWh) 0.226 Power Plant 17% Energy Efficiency 25% SHW 5% PV 18% Wind 35% Contribution from EERE Phase...

286

Research, development, and demonstration of lead-acid batteries for electric vehicle propulsion. Annual report, 1979  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The initial phase of work comprises three factorial experiments to evaluate a variety of component combinations. Goals to be met by these batteries include the following: capacity at 3 h discharge, 20 to 30 kWh; specific energy, 40 Wh/kg; specific power, 1000 W/kg for 15 s; cycle life, 800 cycles to 80% depth; price, $50/kWh. The status of the factorial experiments is reviewed. The second phase of work, design of an advanced battery, has the following goals: 30 to 40 kWh; 60 Wh/kg; 150 W/kg for 15 s; 1000 cycles to 80% depth; $40/kWh. It is not yet possible to say whether these goals can be met. Numerous approaches are under study to increase the utilization of battery chemicals. A battery design with no live electrical connection above the battery is being developed. 52 figures, 52 tables. (RWR)

Not Available

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

A Near-Term Economic Analysis of Hydrogen Fueling Stations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

0.07/kWh has on hydrogen cost for electrolysis type station.3-12: Hydrogen Cost Comparison for Electrolysis Station,3-12: Hydrogen Cost Comparison for Electrolysis Station, NAS

Weinert, Jonathan X.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

A Near-term Economic Analysis of Hydrogen Fueling Stations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

0.07/kWh has on hydrogen cost for electrolysis type station.3-12: Hydrogen Cost Comparison for Electrolysis Station,3-12: Hydrogen Cost Comparison for Electrolysis Station, NAS

Weinert, Jonathan X.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

IRS Parking Facility Lighting Retrofit Reduces Annual Energy...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

in Kansas City, Missouri. The retrofit resulted in annual energy savings of 2 million kWh, annual cost savings of over 122,000, and a simple payback of 2.5 years....

290

Tariff-based analysis of commercial building electricity prices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is higher than the average cost per-kWh, the question of howcost recovery adders are neglected unless they are speci?ed as a price per kWh

Coughlin, Katie M.; Bolduc, Chris A.; Rosenquist, Greg J.; Van Buskirk, Robert D.; McMahon, James E.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Energy Blog | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Authority (NYSERDA). Library Patrons in New York Check-Out Renewable Energy The new solar system on the Esopus Library in New York is expected to generate 31,200 kWh of...

292

Chrysler RAM PHEV Fleet Results Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

number of charging events 2,590 Number of charging events at Level 1 | Level 2 588 | 1990 Total charging energy consumed (AC kWh) 17,571 Charging energy consumed at Level 1 |...

293

Value and Technology Assessment to Enhance the Business Case for the CERTS Microgrid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DER available include solar thermal, photovoltaics (PV) and1 absorption chiller solar thermal flow battery 220$/kWh andabsorption chiller (kW) Solar thermal (kW) PV (kW) lead-acid

Lasseter, Robert

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Building Distributed Energy Performance Optimization for China a Regional Analysis of Building Energy Costs and CO2 Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

photovoltaics (PV), and battery storage, are considered forStorage Heat Storage Flow Battery Energy Flow Battery PowerkW) Battery Capacity (kWh) Photo voltaic (kW) Heat Storage (

Feng, Wei

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Electrochemical Capacitors as Energy Storage in Hybrid-Electric Vehicles: Present Status and Future Prospects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to assist the energy storage battery (12 kWh) in providingbattery and ultracapacitors in the vehicles when the characteristics of the energy storageBattery, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Symposium the energy storage

Burke, Andy; Miller, Marshall

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Optimizing Energy Savings from Direct-DC in U.S. Residential Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the market, in fact, the battery-storage inverter describedalong with 22 kWh of battery storage. This study by Baek etpower, but the cost of battery storage per unit of load

Garbesi, Karina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Fact #823: June 2, 2014 Hybrid Vehicles use more Battery Packs...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

capacities as high as 85 kWh - a battery offering for the Tesla Model S. Number of Batteries Sold and Battery Capacity Sold for Model Year 2013 Graph of the number of batteries...

298

Impacts of Electric Vehicles on Primary Energy Consumption and Petroleum Displacement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

These studiesprojected electricity consumption EVs and theMPG) and EV electricity consumption (in Kwh per mile).weight of increases. 3.2. Electricity Consumption EVs of To

Wang, Quanlu; Delucchi, Mark A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Conservation Screening Curves to Compare Efficiency Investments to Power Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be added to the fuel cost avoided by each kWh (i.e. , theCost ($/yr Other Costs Avoided ($/yr) Total Annualizedapplications, where the avoided maintenance costs more than

Koomey, J.G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Residential Behavioral Savings: An Analysis of Principal Electricity End Uses in British Columbia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The study found that refrigerator and freezer temperaturekWh per year), and refrigerator and freezer (1,120 kWh perrefrigeration (refrigerators and freezers) included in the

Tiedemann, Kenneth Mr.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour kwh joules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Economic Analysis of Hydrogen Energy Station Concepts: Are "H 2E-Stations" a Key Link to a Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Infrastructure?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

+ inverter) Fuel Cell Stack Only Cost ($/kW) Reformer Cost (Capital Cost ($/kWh) Maintenance and fuel cell stackof Ref. Cost for FCVs Fuel Cell Cost ($kW) (stack + aux

Lipman, Timothy E.; Edwards, Jennifer L.; Kammen, Daniel M.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

DOE Zero Energy Ready Home: Near Zero Maine Home II, Vassalboro...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

an R-20 insulated slab, R-70 cellulose in the attic, extensive air sealing, a mini-split heat pump, an heat recovery ventilator, solar water heating, LED lighting, 3.9 kWh PV, and...

303

Insights from Smart Meters: The Potential for Peak-Hour Savings from Behavior-Based Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

top graph) as a percent of the total average energy usage ofgraph) as a percentage of each hour’s average energy usagegraph: first, kWh savings; second, normalized savings as a percent of the total average energy usage

Todd, Annika

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Exemption from Wholesale Energy Transaction Tax (Montana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Electricity from wind generation on state lands is exempt from the wholesale energy transaction tax of $0.00015/kWh transmitted. Electricity from any source, including renewables, that is generated...

305

Development of the Supply Chain Optimization and Planning for the Environment (SCOPE) Tool - Applied to Solar Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

USA) Panel (Germany) Panel (China) indicates the number of years a technology must produce electricity,Electricity (kg-CO2/kWh) Circularity Production Distribution Circularity Production Germany Hungary Italy Finland Spain USA

Reich-Weiser, Corinne; Fletcher, Tristan; Dornfeld, David; Horne, Steve

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Conservation screening curves to compare efficiency investments to power plants: Applications to commercial sector conservation programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

per delivered kWh. References EPRI, Electric Power ResearchAssessment Guide: Vol. 1: Electricity Supply-1986. EPRI.EPRI P-4463-SR. December 1986. Kahn, Edward. 1988. Electric

Koomey, Jonathan; Rosenfeld, Arthur H.; Gadgil, Ashok J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on average coal consumption in power generation in the samePrice of Coal used for Power Generation Source: State400 g of coal per kWh (43-46% gross generation efficiency),

Fridley, Ed., David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

2012 ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE INDEX 61 Appendix I: Indicator Profiles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

emissions per electricity generation CO2KWH Ecosystem Vitality Climate change Renewable electricity RENEW if it is private or shared (but not public) and if hygienically separates human excreta

Columbia University

309

Renewable Resource Integration Project - Scoping Study of Strategic Transmission, Operations, and Reliability Issues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

production level from small hydro as recorded in 2006.  kWH Geothermal Biomass Small Hydro 830 est Wind Solar TotalRPS Geothermal Biomass Small Hydro 830 est Wind Solar Total

Budhraja, Vikram

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Project Profile: Carbon Dioxide Shuttling Thermochemical Storage...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

energy generation by driving the cost towards 0.06kWh through the use of thermochemical energy storage (TCES). The project uses inexpensive, safe, and non-corrosive...

311

2009 Template  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

applications One of three deployment options for the demo system, shown in relation to diesel genset and balance of system. 3 kW 5 kWh Flywheel Engineering, Operations &...

312

E-Print Network 3.0 - arterial-end tidal carbon Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

kWh range. Typical cost ranges include: Tidal generation - between 16 and 38pkWh Offshore wind - between 15... account of multiple factors for each generation type...

313

2011 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WindLogics Inc. (2006) [MN-MISO (2006)]; EnerNex et al. (IPP ISO ISO-NE ITC kW kWh MISO MW MWh NERC NREL NYISO OEMIndependent System Operator (MISO), New York ISO (NYISO),

Bolinger, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

2009 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Texas, May 24, 2010. MISO. 2010. Dispatchable Intermittentand Windlogics Inc. (2006) [MN-MISO]; Puget Sound Energy (ITC kW kWh LADWP LIBOR MISO American Wind Energy Association

Wiser, Ryan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

2010 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WindLogics Inc. (2006) [MN-MISO (2006)]; EnerNex et al. (IPP ISO ISO-NE ITC kW kWh MISO MW MWh NERC NREL NYISO OEMIndependent System Operator (MISO), New York ISO (NYISO),

Wiser, Ryan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Analysis of Energy-Efficiency Opportunities for the Cement Industry in Shandong Province, China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10 B. Conversion Factors andfinal energy using a conversion factor of 0.0001229 kWh/tonto primary energy using a conversion factor of 0.000404 kWh/

Price, Lynn

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Assessment of Energy Efficiency Improvement and CO2 Emission Reduction Potentials in the Iron and Steel Industry in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4 2.2. Conversion Factors anda primary energy conversion factor of 0.404 kgce/ kWh was2005; and final energy conversion factor of 0.1228 kgce/kWh

Hasanbeigi, Ali

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

November 2012 Key Performance Indicator (KPI): Energy Consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and district heating scheme* data. Year Energy Consumption (KWh) Percentage Change 2005/06 65,916,243 N/A 2006 buildings are connected to the Nottingham District Heating Scheme. This service meets all the heating

Evans, Paul

319

Denver Public Schools Get Solar Energy System | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Kevin Craft What are the key facts? Local company adds five full-time jobs to support solar panel project. Solar panels are estimated to generate 1,640,457 kWh of electricity...

320

Integrated System Transmission and Ancillary Services Rate Calculation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Transmission Rate 10 4.14 MillsKWh (L5 * 1000) 730 hours per month 7 RATE FOR SCHEDULING, SYSTEM CONTROL AND DISPATCH SERVICE FOR 2014 A. Fixed Charge Rate 22.770% (1)...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour kwh joules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Integrated System Transmission and Ancillary Services Rate Calculation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Transmission Rate 10 4.00 MillsKWh (L5 * 1000) 730 hours per month 7 RATE FOR SCHEDULING, SYSTEM CONTROL AND DISPATCH SERVICE FOR 2015 A. Fixed Charge Rate 21.652% (1)...

322

Refrigerator Efficiency in Ghana: Tailoring an appliance market transformation program design for Africa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the residential electricity sector in Ghana. Althoughprice of electricity for the residential sector is zero forprice of electricity for the commercial sector is $0.093/kWh

Ben Hagan, Essel; Van Buskirk, Robert; Ofosu-Ahenkorah, Alfred; McNeil, Michael A.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Study of Energy and Demand Savings on a High Efficiency Hydraulic Pump System with Infinite Turn Down Technology (ITDT)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detailed field measurement and verification of electrical energy (kWh) and demand (kW) savings is conducted on an injection molding machine used in typical plastic manufacturing facility retrofitted with a high efficiency hydraulic pump system...

Sfeir, R. A.; Kanungo, A.; Liou, S.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Analysis of a Cluster Strategy for Near Term Hydrogen Infrastructure...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

kWh (intermittent, 22% capacity factor on electrolyzer) Renewable pipeline quality biogas delivered to station via short pipeline (5-12 miles) 20-40MMBTU (CEC & USDA studies)...

325

PublicationsmailagreementNo.40014024 DECEMBER 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

will be turned off where possible. Last year these strategies cut UVic's electrical consumption by 170,000 kwh for submitting Great Moments is Jan. 20 The university is currently collecting submissions online of historical

Pedersen, Tom

326

Implementation of electric vehicle system based on solar energy in Singapore assessment of flow batteries for energy storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For large-scale energy storage application, flow battery has the advantages of decoupled power and energy management, extended life cycles and relatively low cost of unit energy output ($/kWh). In this thesis, an overview ...

Chen, Yaliang

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

New Braunfels Utilities- Residential Solar Water Heater Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

New Braunfels Utilities offers a rebate for residential customers who purchase and install solar water heating systems on eligible homes. A rebate of the equivalent of $0.265 per kWh is available...

328

Enhancing Resource Sustainability by Transforming Urban and Suburban Transportation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

battery electric LLM will have about the same life cycle costBattery contribution to retail cost (€) Average maintenance cost (€/yr) Energy cost (€/l or €/kWh) (a) Total life cycle cost (

Delucchi, Mark

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

California's Energy Future - The View to 2050  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gge) (kg H 2 ) (million Btu) tons) Electricity (kWh) GaseousH 2 ) Thermal (million Btu) Biomass (dry tons) Electricity (2 (MtH 2 ). Thermal (million Btu, TBtu): One million British

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

California’s Energy Future: The View to 2050 - Summary Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gge) (kg H 2 ) (million Btu) tons) Electricity (kWh) GaseousH 2 ) Thermal (million Btu) Biomass (dry tons) Electricity (2 (MtH 2 ). Thermal (million Btu, TBtu): One million British

Yang, Christopher

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Freescale Semiconductor Successfully Implements an Energy Management...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

28 million kilowatt hours (kWh) of electricity and 26,000 million British thermal units (Btu) of natural gas between 2006 and 2009, saving more than 2 million each year. Freescale...

332

Emissions of Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases From the Production and Use of Transportation Fuels and Electricity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

per kWh), but that CO2 emissions from hydropower plantswill be less than CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel plants.kg/ha) 2. Difference in CO2 emissions vs. control plot (kg/

Delucchi, Mark

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Testing and evaluation of advanced lead-acid batteries for utility load-leveling applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Testing and evaluation of advanced lead-acid batteries developed by Exide for utility load-leveling applications have been conducted at Argonne National Laboratory's National Battery Test Laboratory since April 1982. These batteries (36-kWh and 18-kWh modules) have a projected life of greater than 4000 deep discharge cycles. This paper describes results obtained to date from the test program. Parametric test results and general performance observations for these batteries are reported.

Miller, J.F.; Corp, D.O.; Hayes, E.R.; Hornstra, F.; Yao, N.P.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Testing and evaluation of advanced lead-acid batteries for utility load-leveling applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Testing and evaluation of advanced lead-acid batteries developed by Exide for utility load-leveling applications have been conducted at Argonne National Laboratory's National Battery Test Laboratory since April 1982. These batteries (36-kWh and 18-kWh modules) have a projected life of greater than 4000 deep discharge cycles. This paper describes results obtained to date from the test program. Parametric test results and general performance observations for these batteries are reported.

Miller, J.F.; Corp, D.O.; Hayes, E.R.; Hornstra, F.; Yao, N.P.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Electric Currents Electric Current  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;Problem 3: At $0.095/kWh, what does it cost to leave a 25W porch light on day and night for a year = 219000 Watt- hour = 219kWh. So, total cost = 219 x$0.095 = $20.8 #12;Problem 4: A 100 W light bulb has of charge per unit time: = . Unit of current: Ampere (A). The purpose of a battery is to produce

Yu, Jaehoon

336

Mesures d'estalvi energtic Introducci  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reducció de cost es deu a la contractació de l'energia elèctrica per subhasta electrònica per a tots els): Any Electricitat * Electricitat kWh Gas Gas kWh Aigua Aigua m2 2008 3.595.493 33.647.244 789.547 17 immediat Climatització La temperatura de consigna d'equips de climatització per a espais interiors ha de

Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

337

China's March on the 21st Century  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,523/3,299 5,250/10,581 25,028/43,676 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Oil Natural Gas Electricity Nuclear Electricity Coal CO/day (oil); trillion cu feet (natural gas); billion kWh (electricity); billion kWh (nuclear electricity, this economic expansion has been accompanied by a corresponding surge in energy consumption. China beca

Deutch, John

338

BEFORE THE ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT COMMISSION OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

average wind speed of 15.3 miles-per-hour ("mph") and annual energy production of 2,554 kilowatt hours ("k calculated that the annual energy production would be 9,513 kWh. Thus, it is impossible to reconcile the one in the Complaint and the KEMA Report, the claimed annual energy production of 2,554 kWh, and the annual energy

339

Electric power monthly, March 1998 with data for December 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. 63 tabs.

NONE

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Contract Provisions and Ratchets: Utility Security or Customer Equity?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONTRACT PROVISIONS ANO RATCHETS: UTILITY SECURITY OR CUSTOMER EQUITY? BARBARA A. PENKALA Senior Research Analyst Houston Lighting & Power Company Houston. Texas ABSTRACT The contract provisions and ratchets con tained in an electric... of customers and the magnitude of the load served. A smaller part of the cost is dependent on kilowatt-hours. or energy supplied. The high investment required in the electric utility business relative to annual revenue has an important influence on price...

Penkala, B. A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour kwh joules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Computing, Energy, and the Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

devices with significant computing resources · Limited improvements in battery life have not kept up energy management · Example: Smart House applications ­ Enable greater understanding: Sensor networks to Effective Energy Research 1) Choosing an appropriate metric ­ Energy (Joules) ­ Power (Watts) ­ Battery

Ellis, Carla

342

End-to-end Routing for Dual-Radio Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Section IV-B. The total energy consumption of wake-all is: EFor wake-path the total energy consumption is: E wake path =topology controller Total Energy Consumption (Joules) Wake-

Stathopoulos, Thanos; Lukac, Martin; McIntire, Dustin; Heidemann, John; Estrin, Deborah; Kaiser, William J

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

E-Print Network 3.0 - absorption spectroscopy Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

.619 nm Calculate the energy of the photon: h 1.633 aJ Absorption Spectroscopy In absorption... Atomic Spectroscopy Planck's constant: h 6.62608 10 34- joule sec: Speed of...

344

E-Print Network 3.0 - absorption spectroscopy q-xas Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

.619 nm Calculate the energy of the photon: h 1.633 aJ Absorption Spectroscopy In absorption... Atomic Spectroscopy Planck's constant: h 6.62608 10 34- joule sec: Speed of...

345

White House Climate Task Force Tribal Leaders Listening Session  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

On Wednesday, February 12, Karen Diver, Chairwoman of the Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, and Reggie Joule, Mayor of Alaska’s Northwest Arctic Borough, both of whom are members of...

346

In the Target Area  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 22 | Next | Last Back to Index NIF Target Chamber On March 10, 2009, at 3:15 a.m., a 192-beam laser shot delivered 1.1 million joules of ultraviolet light to the center of the...

347

Two photon absorption and third harmonic generation micro- spectroscopy : hemoglobin and other compounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As the absorption of ultrafast pulses in the vessel lumen isfocussed, ultrafast, ~2 nano-joule laser pulses at selectedwith ultrafast ( ~100-200 fs in duration) laser pulses at

Clay, Gabriel Omar

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

EA-0821: Operation of the Glass Melter Thermal Treatment Unit at the U.S. Department of Energy's Mound Plant, Miamisburg, Ohio  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to use an existing glass melter thermal treatment unit (also known as a Penberthy Pyro-Converter joule-heated glass furnace) for the...

349

r XXXX American Chemical Society A dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac102566f |Anal. Chem. XXXX, XXX, 000000 pubs.acs.org/ac  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

localized cell lysis via heat,7 investigation of reaction kinetics, localized biochem- ical reactions,9 Peltier elements,10 or Joule heating with electroosmotic flow.11 Typically, these tech- niques require

Bashir, Rashid

350

Maximum cooling temperature and uniform efficiency criterion for inhomogeneous thermoelectric materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electronic circuits, and microscale low power freezers for biological single cell storage. Since 1990s, nano materials due to the distributed Peltier cooling compensating for the internal Joule heating.7,8 Essentially

Wang, Hongyun

351

E-Print Network 3.0 - attachment marks expressed Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and in joules. 3 marks 5. What is the speed... September, 2008 Instructions: Answer the questions below in the spaces provided. Attach a completed cover... A of the exposure? 2...

352

NAUERT ET AL. VOL. XXX ' NO. XX ' 000000 ' XXXX www.acsnano.org  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Furthermore, NWs show great promise as a sensing platform for remote-excitation surface-enhanced Raman through both radiative (scattering) and nonradiative (Joule heating) pathways, limiting the SPP

Zubarev, Eugene

353

Projected Regional Impacts of Appliance Efficiency Standards for the U.S. Residential Sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

D O E . 1996a. Annual Energy Outlook 1996, with ProjectionsELA) 1996 Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) (US D O E 1996a).1055.1 Joules. The Annual Energy Outlook (1996) forecast for

Koomey, J.G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

53119782000 Solar Energy Conversion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; · · 1100019000 1300 #12; · · 93 #12; · 1880 · · 1989 · #12;-1 · · #12;Solar Energy: 3 trillion barrels, 1.7 x 1022 joules = energy of the Sun supplied to Earth in 1.5 days The amount of energy humans use annually: 4.6 x 1020 joules = energy of the Sun supplied to Earth in 1 hour #12;How

Chen, Yang-Yuan

355

Unidades de Energa Energa mecanica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

refrescos) = 11.7 kilowatt-hora (1 foco prendido 117 hrs)] Energa solar Radiacion solar en la tierra: 1 kilowatt por metro cuadrado (max.) [El promedio es la 1/4 parte. Un calentador solar da 60 %; celda-watt-segundo ; 1 cerrillo que se quema = 1 kilo-joule; 1 latido de corazon = 0.5 joules Mas informacion: http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energia

Bor, Gil

356

Controlling of grid connected photovoltaic lighting system with fuzzy logic  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, DC electrical energy produced by photovoltaic panels is converted to AC electrical energy and an indoor area is illuminated using this energy. System is controlled by fuzzy logic algorithm controller designed with 16 rules. Energy is supplied from accumulator which is charged by photovoltaic panels if its energy would be sufficient otherwise it is supplied from grid. During the 1-week usage period at the semester time, 1.968 kWh energy is used from grid but designed system used 0.542 kWh energy from photovoltaic panels at the experiments. Energy saving is determined by calculations and measurements for one education year period (9 months) 70.848 kWh. (author)

Saglam, Safak; Ekren, Nazmi; Erdal, Hasan [Technical Education Faculty, Marmara University, Istanbul 34722 (Turkey)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

357

Performance of advanced lead-acid batteries for load-leveling applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Testing and evaluation of advanced lead-acid batteries developed by Exide for load-leveling applications have been conducted at Argonne National Laboratory's National Battery Test Laboratory since April 1982. These batteries (36-kWh and 18-kWh modules) have a projected life of greater than 4000 deep-discharge cycles. This paper presents the results of performance and life tests obtained to date. Battery capacities and efficiencies are shown as a function of discharge rate. The status of ongoing accelerated life-cycle tests being conducted at 50/sup 0/C and 60/sup 0/C are presented.

Miller, J.F.; Gay, E.C.; Hornstra, G.F.; Yao, N.P.

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Performance of advanced lead-acid batteries for load-leveling applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Testing and evaluation of advanced lead-acid batteries developed by Exide for load-leveling applications have been conducted at Argonne National Laboratory's National Battery Test Laboratory since April 1982. These batteries (36-kWh and 18-kWh modules) have a projected life of greater than 4000 deep-discharge cycles. This paper presents the results of performance and life tests obtained to date. Battery capacities and efficiencies are shown as a function of discharge rate. The status of ongoing accelerated life-cycle tests being conducted at 50/sup 0/C and 60/sup 0/C are presented.

Miller, J.F.; Gay, E.C.; Hornstra, F.; Yao, N.P.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Study to establish cost projections for production of redox chemicals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A cost study of four proposed manufacturing processes for redox chemicals for the NASA REDOX Energy Storage System yielded favorable selling prices in the range $0.99 to $1.91/kg of chromic chloride, anhydrous basis, including ferrous chloride. The prices corresponded to specific energy storage costs from under $9 to $17/kWh. A refined and expanded cost analysis of the most favored process yielded a price estimate corresponding to a storage cost of $11/kWh. The findings supported the potential economic viability of the NASA REDOX system.

Walther, J.F.; Greco, C.C.; Rusinko, R.N.; Wadsworth, A.L. III

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Estimates of Energy Cost Savings Achieved from 2009 IECC Code-Compliant, Single Family Residences in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The annual energy cost savings were estimated with $0.11/kWh for electricity and $0.84/therm (Climate Zone 2) and $0.64/therm (Climate Zone 3 and 4) for natural gas. 2009 IECC Cost Savings Report, p.ii January 2011 Energy Systems Laboratory, Texas A...). 3.2 Annual Total Energy Cost Similar trends were observed in the annual energy costs estimated with $0.11/kWh for electricity and $0.84/therm (Climate Zone 2) and $0.64/therm (Climate Zone 3 and 4) for natural gas. Across the counties, the 2001...

Kim, H.; Baltazar, J. C.; Haberl, J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour kwh joules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Communication and Collaboration Keep San Francisco VA Medical Center Project on Track  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Veterans Affairs Medical Center in San Francisco is saving almost 3 million kilowatt-hours of electricity, more than 70,000 therms of natural gas, and more than $500,000 annually. The energy savings are enough to power 400 homes and supply natural gas to more than 100 homes each year in California. These savings were realized by taking advantage of Super Energy Savings Performance Contracts (Super ESPCs) developed by the U.S. Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP).

362

Wind energy as a significant source of electricity for the United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses wind energy and its potential to significantly impact the generation of electricity within the US. The principles and the equipment used to convert wind energy to electricity are described, as is the status of current technology. Markets and production projections are given. There is discussion of the advances required to reduce the selling cost of electricity generated from the wind from today`s price of about $0.05 per kilowatt-hour to full cost-competitiveness with gas- and coal-based electricity.

Nix, R.G.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Engineering innovation to reduce wind power COE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There are enough wind resources in the US to provide 10 times the electric power we currently use, however wind power only accounts for 2% of our total electricity production. One of the main limitations to wind use is cost. Wind power currently costs 5-to-8 cents per kilowatt-hour, which is more than twice the cost of electricity generated by burning coal. Our Intelligent Wind Turbine LDRD Project is applying LANL's leading-edge engineering expertise in modeling and simulation, experimental validation, and advanced sensing technologies to challenges faced in the design and operation of modern wind turbines.

Ammerman, Curtt Nelson [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

364

Electric power monthly, October 1991. [CONTAINS GLOSSARY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication provides monthly statistics at the national, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, cost of fuel, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fuel are also displayed at the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) region level. Additionally, statistics at the company and plant level are published in the EPM on capability of new plants, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fuel. 4 figs., 63 tabs.

Not Available

1991-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

365

Electric Power Monthly with data for July 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication provides monthly statistics at the state, census division, and U.S. levels for net generation; fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity, and quality of fossil fuels; cost of fossil fuels; electricity retail sales; associated revenue; and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council regions. Statistics on net generation are published by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. The monthly update is summarized, and industry developments are briefly described. 57 tabs.

NONE

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Electric power monthly, February 1999 with data for November 1998  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decision makers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. Statistics are provided for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatt-hour of electricity sold.

NONE

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Electric power monthly with data for June 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication provides monthly statistics at the state, census division, and U.S. levels for net generation; fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity, and quality of fossil fuels; cost of fossil fuels; electricity retail sales; associated revenue; and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity, and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council regions. Statistics on net generation by energy source and capability of new generating units by company and plant are also included. A section is included in the report which summarizes major industry developments. 1 fig., 64 tabs.

NONE

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Electric power monthly, May 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) is prepared by the Survey Management Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the US, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions.

Not Available

1993-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

369

Electric sales and revenue 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. Information is provided on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers throughout the US. The data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels. The information is based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1997. 16 figs., 17 tabs.

NONE

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Electric power monthly, February 1998 with data for November 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 63 tabs.

NONE

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Electric sales and revenue 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. Information is provided on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers throughout the United States. The data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels. The information is based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1994.

NONE

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Electric Power Monthly, September 1991. [CONTAINS GLOSSARY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication provides monthly statistics at the national, Census division, and state levels for net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, cost of fuel, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fuel are also displayed at the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) region level. Additionally, statistics at the company and plant level are published in the EPM on capability of new plants, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fuel. 4 figs., 63 tabs.

Not Available

1991-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

373

Electric power monthly, April 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly is prepared by the Survey Management Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the US, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions.

Not Available

1993-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

374

Electric power monthly, January 1991. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication provides monthly statistics at the national, Census division, and state levels for net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, cost of fuel, electricity sales, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation are also displayed at the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) region level. Additionally, company and plant level information are published in the EPM on capability of new plants, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fuel. 4 figs., 48 tabs.

Not Available

1991-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

375

Photovoltaic system reliability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the reliability of several photovoltaic projects including SMUD`s PV Pioneer project, various projects monitored by Ascension Technology, and the Colorado Parks project. System times-to-failure range from 1 to 16 years, and maintenance costs range from 1 to 16 cents per kilowatt-hour. Factors contributing to the reliability of these systems are discussed, and practices are recommended that can be applied to future projects. This paper also discusses the methodology used to collect and analyze PV system reliability data.

Maish, A.B.; Atcitty, C. [Sandia National Labs., NM (United States); Greenberg, D. [Ascension Technology, Inc., Lincoln Center, MA (United States)] [and others

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Si concentrator solar cell development. [Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the final report of a program to develop a commercial, high-efficiency, low-cost concentrator solar cell compatible with Spectrolab`s existing manufacturing infrastructure for space solar cells. The period covered is between 1991 and 1993. The program was funded through Sandia National Laboratories through the DOE concentrator initiative and, was also cost shared by Spectrolab. As a result of this program, Spectrolab implemented solar cells achieving an efficiency of over 19% at 200 to 300X concentration. The cells are compatible with DOE guidelines for a cell price necessary to achieve a cost of electricity of 12 cents a kilowatthour.

Krut, D.D. [Spectrolab, Inc., Sylmar, CA (United States)

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Sandia National Laboratories: 'Giant' Nanocrystal Quantum Dots  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared0 ResourceAwardsSafeguards andSan$0.06 per kilowatt-hour for

378

Sandia National Laboratories: 100 Resilient Cities: Sandia Challenge; About  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared0 ResourceAwardsSafeguards andSan$0.06 per kilowatt-hour for100

379

Sandia National Laboratories: 13,051 lbs of Carpet Sent for Reuse  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared0 ResourceAwardsSafeguards andSan$0.06 per kilowatt-hour

380

responsARBOLidad FRENTE AL CAMBIO CLIMTICO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nuestras emisiones contaminantes, y podemos COMPENSAR estas emisiones plantando árboles y asumiendo así Unidas para el Medio Ambiente (PNUMA): #12;CALCULAR las emisiones de CO2: 1 Kwh. de electricidad = 356 g. en autobús = 30 g. CO2 emisiones que debemos REDUCIR y... #12;COMPENSAR plantando árboles: · Cada

Rey Benayas, José María

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour kwh joules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

INTRODUCCIN En este manual de buenas prcticas se explicarn las diferentes medidas que se  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

de gas natural por su mayor rendimiento energético y las menores emisiones contaminantes. oWh eléctrico producido genera, además, unas emisiones de CO2 entre 2 y 2,5 veces mayores que un kWh térmico

Rey Juan Carlos, Universidad

382

CALiPER Report 21.3: Cost-Effectiveness of Linear (T8) LED Lamps  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Meeting performance expectations is important for driving adoption of linear LED lamps, but cost-effectiveness may be an overriding factor in many cases. Linear LED lamps cost more initially than fluorescent lamps, but energy and maintenance savings may mean that the life-cycle cost is lower. This report details a series of life-cycle cost simulations that compared a two-lamp troffer using LED lamps (38 W total power draw) or fluorescent lamps (51 W total power draw) over a 10-year study period. Variables included LED system cost ($40, $80, or $120), annual operating hours (2,000 hours or 4,000 hours), LED installation time (15 minutes or 30 minutes), and melded electricity rate ($0.06/kWh, $0.12/kWh, $0.18/kWh, or $0.24/kWh). A full factorial of simulations allows users to interpolate between these values to aid in making rough estimates of economic feasibility for their own projects. In general, while their initial cost premium remains high, linear LED lamps are more likely to be cost-effective when electric utility rates are higher than average and hours of operation are long, and if their installation time is shorter.

Miller, Naomi J.; Perrin, Tess E.; Royer, Michael P.

2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

383

Retrofit Savings for Brazos County  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This report presents the energy and dollar savings for the period May 2000 - April 2001 for 10 of the Brazos County facilities that have been retrofit. The electricity use saved was 555,170 kWh and the demand was 1062 kW, which is equivalent to a...

Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Shao, X.; Claridge, D. E.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

day is the resulting  load following the implementation of 408 kWh/day   Load following installation: 293 kWh/day  kWh/293 kWh/day   Load following installation: 243 kWh/day  

Casillas, Christian E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Feature Article From Intermountain West Climate Summary, March 2012 Intermountain West Climate Summary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-cooled concentrating solar plants in California and Nevada have run into opposition, driving them toward dry cooling that several thousand MW of electrical capacity might go offline if the drought persists into spring of 2012. Thermal solar plants use as much water as a coal plant per kWh, but wind power uses little to no water. So

Neff, Jason

386

STEWARDSHIP MAINTAINING NATURAL RICHES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;Outstanding Results 5 Energy Conservation: Saved 240 Million KWH over last fifteen years. Green BuildingLAND STEWARDSHIP MAINTAINING NATURAL RICHES TRANSPORTATION GOING THE EXTRA MILE GREEN BUILDING SHOWCASING INNOVATION WATER CONSERVING PRESCIOUS RESOURCES ENERGY MOVING TO A BRIGHTER FUTURE WASTE REDUCING

Ford, James

387

Validation of an Integrated System for a Hydrogen-Fueled Power Park  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

? · Electrons Lowest Cost ­ run electric wires vs. hydrogen pipe · Electrons ($50K), Protons ($100k) ­ Combined Heat and Power Has the Potential to Lower Power Cost by ~$0.01/kWh · CHP Requires Reformer and Fuel Feedstock ­ Potential Uses of PEM in Distributed Power Applications · Hydrogen Pipeline or Low Cost Hydrogen

388

Microgrids: An emerging paradigm for meeting building electricity and heat requirements efficiently and with appropriate energy quality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

kW of PV, a 53 kWh battery bank, and a 5 kW diesel genset.kW of PV, and an 880 Ah battery bank. Other projects includeand a 100 kW lead-acid battery bank. Seven Hachinohe City

Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Microgrids: An emerging paradigm for meeting building electricity and heat requirements efficiently and with appropriate energy quality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

composed of 10 kW of PV, a 53 kWh battery bank, and a 5 kWkW CHP plant, 35 kW of PV, and an 880 Ah battery bank. OtherPV and wind turbines, five 80 kW biogas engines, a 250 kW MCFC, and 100 kW of battery

Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Dean's Faculty Meeting 5/7/13 UHM Total $  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

penetration PV · Smart Grid applications 1 MW / 250 kWh fast response Lithium ion Titanate battery Rick scientific analyses. Don Thomas Nicole Lautze #12;Battery Energy Storage for Generation Smoothing & Frequency Regulation ·Testing and evaluation of emerging battery technologies (integrated testing from laboratory

Wang, Yuqing

391

Distributed Energy Resource Optimization Using a Software as Service (SaaS) Approach at the University of California, Davis Campus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

kW) Flow Battery Energy Installed (kWh) PV Installed (kW)input to Flow Battery Electricity Generation f rom PV TotalPV array with a rated peak power of 326.7 kW as well as a flow battery

Michael, Stadler

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Electricity Grid: Impacts of Plug-In Electric Vehicle Charging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Table 1. Energy and carbon intensity values for conventionalin “hybrid mode” kWh/mi Fuel Carbon Intensity (C) gCO 2 /ggegCO 2 /kWh Vehicle Carbon Intensity (ExC) gCO 2 /mi BEVs /

Yang, Christopher; McCarthy, Ryan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Estimating the manufacturing cost of purely organic solar cells Joseph Kalowekamo 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to a levelized cost of electricity (LEC) of between 49¢ and 85¢/kWh. In order to achieve a more competitive COE that into a levelized electricity cost (LEC). We find that there is a great deal of uncertainty about the capital costs., Estimating the manufacturing cost of purely organic solar cells, Sol. Energy (2009), doi:10.1016/j

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

394

Polysulfide Flow Batteries Enabled by Percolating Nanoscale Conductor Networks Frank Y. Fan1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Lowering the cost of stored energy below ~$100/kWh at system level remains a challenge, however2,3 . Many of higher energy density and lower system cost. Lithium polysulfide half-flow cells operating in both to decouple stored energy (the tanks) from power (the stack), inherent scalability, and potentially low cost1

395

DISSERTATION ANALYSIS OF IMPACT OF NON-UNIFORMITIES ON THIN-FILM SOLAR CELLS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-scale problems such as energy demand, pollution, and environment safety. The cost ($/kWh) is the primaryDISSERTATION ANALYSIS OF IMPACT OF NON-UNIFORMITIES ON THIN-FILM SOLAR CELLS AND MODULES WITH 2-D-FILM SOLAR CELLS AND MODULES WITH 2-D SIMULATIONS BE ACCEPTED AS FULFILLING IN PART REQUIREMENTS

Sites, James R.

396

OAKRIDGENATIONALLABORATORY MANAGED BY UT-BATTELLE FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with solar photovoltaic power production at times feed electricity to the grid when TVA's cost owner a premium rate of $0.15/kWh for all the solar power these houses can produce. Under the Green an airtight envelope (~1 air change per hour at 50 Pascal) of structural insulated panels (SIP), which

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

397

CHARACTERIZING COSTS, SAVINGS AND BENEFITS OF A SELECTION OF ENERGY EFFICIENT EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES IN THE UNITED STATES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

overall efficiency and a power-to-heat ratio of 0.66. Thisfrom boiler based on Power/Heat of 0.607 MBtu/kWh Energywith 70% efficiency ; Power/Heat = 0.66 kWh MBtu/kWh Overall

Xu, T.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Park Load Reduction by Preconditioning of Buildings at Night  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

arounde50%. The local utility charges approximately p - 10 $/kWe per month for demand and pc - 0.05 $$?h and Pw - 0.07 $/kwh for energy, off and on $eak respectively - nihbers that are representative. If pc/Pw were greater than r), night cooling...

Rabl, A.; Norford, L. K.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Can migrogrids make a major contribution to UK energy supply ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Working Paper No. 70 March 2005 Manuscript to appear in Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews #12;ii energy balance on a yearly basis if supplemented by energy storage of 2.7kWh per household. We findCan migrogrids make a major contribution to UK energy supply ? Suleiman Abu-Sharkh, Rachel Li, Tom

Watson, Andrew

400

Energy Systems Engineering 1 Clean Coal Technologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Systems Engineering 1 Clean Coal Technologies Presentation at BARC 4th December 2007 #12/kWh) 0.14 0.03 0.6 #12;Energy Systems Engineering 9 Status of Advanced Coal Technologies Types of advanced coal technologies Supercritical Pulverised Combustion Circulating Fluidised Bed Combustion (CFBC

Banerjee, Rangan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour kwh joules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Economic and Conservation Evaluation of Capital Renovation Projects: Hidalgo County Irrigation District No. 2 (San Juan) - Rehabilitation of Alamo Main Canal - Final  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the total project are estimated, using amortization procedures, to be 876 ac-ft of water per year and 331,389,647 BTUs (97,125 kwh) of energy per year. The calculated economic and financial cost of water savings is estimated to be $201.50 per ac...

Rister, M. Edward; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Sturdivant, Allen W.

402

2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim710 wileyonlinelibrary.com  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, overestimates the amount of Li required per kWh of stored energy, it indi- cates that in the long term the cost to renewable energy production, high energy density becomes less critical. Moreover, the abundance and low cost-scale applications, though at this point, the cost of Li is not a large contribution to the cost of LIBs. But most

Ceder, Gerbrand

403

nature photonics | VOL 6 | MARCH 2012 | www.nature.com/naturephotonics 133 focus | commentary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

this requirement: if solar energy harvesting is achieved at an installed cost of $1 per watt- peak (Wp), then it will produce electricity over its lifetime at an equivalent cost of around $0.05 kWh­1 , which is compellingly equation provides a breakdown of the overall cost per watt- peak, given that the Sun provides a peak

404

Paper Presented at Power Engineering Systems 2005 Conference, San Francisco, CA 1 June 12-16, 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

they were able to earn a pre-specified credit per kWh for each unit of electricity less than their benchmark that minimizes total system cost is based upon the actual cost of generation (e.g. perfectly regulated or perfectly competitive markets). But when that least-cost dispatch is based upon offers from deregulated

405

Solid State Communications 150 (2010) 561563 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

can cost upwards of several dollars per installed watt, with a per kWh cost several times higher than of hydrogenated amorphous silicon (aSi:H), have the potential to cut costs because much less material is required the complexity and the cost of manufacturing, and Corresponding author at: University of California, Berkeley

Zettl, Alex

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Exploiting Performance Counters to Predict and Improve Energy Performance of HPC Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and cooling cost of about $3.5 million per year, which is significant. Beyond the operating cost, some data, Tianhe-1A consumes 4.04 Megawatts of electricity [1]; a simple calculation at $0.10/KWh yields a powering

Boyer, Edmond

407

Georgia Institute of Technology | Milwaukee School of Engineering | North Carolina A&T State University | Purdue University University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign | University of Minnesota | Vanderbilt University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.152 / kWh #12;Today TB3: January 13, 2010NSF CCEFP Site Visit Cost comparison - 2 MN cost calculation, cost. http://www.google.org/recharge/ #12;Today TB3: January 13, 2010NSF CCEFP Site Visit GFleet fuel sources #12;Today TB3: January 13, 2010NSF CCEFP Site Visit Emission ­ CO2 Vehicle emission per

Li, Perry Y.

408

The Digital Divide: Implications on the Forest Products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.htm #12;Connectivity Country Inhabitants Per Telephone Consume of Electricity Per Person In KWh China 60 areas · Limited purchasing power · Limited information flow · Paper-based documentation · High cost · 180 Million global users · Only 14% users from developing countries · Telephone density: ­ 52.3 per

409

RESOURCE April/May 2009 31 ... with no fertilizer or tillage input and that produces no  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for drivers in the United States. The cost per mile would be one-third as much for electricity as for gasoline (at ten cents per kWh and three dollars per gallon). I have read that a capacity increase of 20 everywhere at the rate of a horsepower per square yard (1000 watts per square meter), and it's free. I think

Gilbert, Matthew

410

Study Design And Realization Of Solar Water Heater  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solar is one of the most easily exploitable energy, it is moreover inexhaustible. His applications are many and are varied. The heating of the domestic water is one of the most immediate, simplest and also of most widespread exploitation of the solar energy. Algeria, from its geographical situation, it deposits one of the largest high sun surface expositions in the world. The exposition duration of the almost territory exceeds 2000 hours annually and can reach the 3900 hours (high plateaus and Sahara). By knowing the daily energy received by 1 m{sup 2} of a horizontal surface of the solar thermal panel is nearly around 1700 KWh/m{sup 2} a year in the north and 2263 KWh/m{sup 2} a year in the south of the country, we release the most important and strategic place of the solar technologies in the present and in the future for Algeria. This work consists to study, conceive and manufacture solar water heating with the available local materials so, this type of the energy will be profitable for all, particularly the poor countries. If we consider the illumination duration of the panel around 6 hours a day, the water heat panel manufactured in our laboratory produce an equivalent energy of 11.615 KWh a day so, 4239 KWh a year. These values of energy can be easily increased with performing the panel manufacture.

Lounis, M. [LAAR Laboratory-Physics Department-USTOMB 31000 Oran (Algeria); Boudjemaa, F.; Akil, S. Kouider [Genie Climatic Department-CUKM 44000-Khemis Miliana (Algeria)

2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

411

LADY BIRD JOHNSON MIDDLE SCHOOL IRVING, TX  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and purge ports. #12;LADY BIRD JOHNSON MIDDLE SCHOOL IRVING, TX 3' x 5' Solar Panels 191 watts per panel 600 KW Solar Array 2,988 Solar Panels 850,000 kWh Annual Output Solar Classroom Deck SOLAR PV SYSTEM #12 in the United States #12;LADY BIRD JOHNSON MIDDLE SCHOOL IRVING, TX THE LAYOUT AFTER HOURS GYM ENTRY SOLAR

412

Policy #2009EE001 Campus Sustainability Policy--  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Resource Efficiency and Emissions Electricity use at IIT results comes from a mix of coal, natural gas approximately 55 million kWh every year and 3,000,000 therms of natural gas (300,000 million Btu). In 10 years manufacture entering the atmosphere through incineration or ground water through landfill. Economy The energy

Heller, Barbara

413

Sandia's research spans generation, storage, and load management at  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sandia's research spans generation, storage, and load management at the component and systems kW diesel genset, fuel cells, and additional interchangeable generators. Storage capabilities include a 500 kWh lead-acid battery bank, along with several additional batteries of smaller size. Over

414

IEEE JOURNAL ON EMERGING AND SELECTED TOPICS IN CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS, VOL. 1, NO. 3, SEPTEMBER 2011 289 PowerSleep: A Smart Power-Saving Scheme With  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that the electricity costs $0.074 per kWh. Even without considering the cost of the power delivery subsystems 289 PowerSleep: A Smart Power-Saving Scheme With Sleep for Servers Under Response Time Constraint Shengquan Wang, Jun Liu, Jian-Jia Chen, and Xue Liu Abstract--Reducing the power consumption while

Wang, Shengquan

415

WHAT WE ARE DOING TO IT AND WHAT WE ARE DOING TO UNDERSTAND IT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.6 0.4 0.2 0.0 CO2emissions,Pounds(C)perKWH Coal Oil Natural gas Nuclear CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS FROM ELECTRIC ENERGY PRODUCTION (1990's Technology) Suffolk County 2001 Legislation How much does your household contribute? A typical household using 1000 kilowatt hours of electricity per month is responsible

Schwartz, Stephen E.

416

Revised Illustrative Example for DFS, April 29, 2009  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

HLH 31,814,906 Non-Fed Energy HLH -722,176 Tier 1 Energy HLH 31,092,730 Tier 1 HLH SSL 28,195,560 2,583,477,791 Tier 1 HLH Load Shaping 2,897,170 kWh @ 0.04716 136,631 47.16...

417

FLASTAR: Measured Savings of a Comprehensive Energy Retrofit in a Florida Elementary School  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.000 square foot facility was approximately 775,000 kWh (60 kBtu/ft^2) or $55,200 in the base year (1994). During the summer of 1995, replacement of aging chillers resulted in 30% reduction to cooling energy use. The second retrofit was occupancy sensor...

Sherwin, J. R.; Parker, D. S.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Alternative Transportation Technologies: Hydrogen, Biofuels,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@ $50/kW and H2 storage @ $15/kWh) #12;8 CASE 2: ICEV EFFICIENCY · Currently available and projected11 Alternative Transportation Technologies: Hydrogen, Biofuels, Advanced Efficiency, and Plug Methodology and Scenarios · Market Penetration Rates · Oil and CO2 Savings · Fuel, Fuel Cell, Battery

419

Pedro M. Castro, Ignacio E. Grossmann, Iiro K. Harjunkoski Process operations are often subject to energy constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

between electricity supplier and cement plants (planning level) Energy cost [$/kWh] Varies significantly (minimize total electricity cost) Complexity at the level of RTN structural parameters generation r,i, r industry & electricity Currently under pressure to produce at lowest possible cost Machine drive 80% total

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

420

Purdue Agricultural Economics Report Page 1 In This Issue  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Around 40% of all new-generation power added to the electric grid in the U.S. in recent years has been converts the blades' speeds of about 18 to 20 rotations per minute to electricity-generating speeds of 1.4 million and 3 million kilowatt- hours (kWh) annually to provide electricity for 240 to 300 households

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour kwh joules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

DOE Zero Energy Ready Home: Leganza Residence - Greenbank, Washington...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

panel (SIPs) walls, a 10.25-inch SIPS roof, an R-20 insulated slab, a 2-ton ground source heat pump, radiant floor heat, 7.1 kWh PV, and triple-pane windows. DOE Zero Energy Ready...

422

NATURAL GAS FOR TRANSPORTATION OR ELECTRICITY? CLIMATE CHANGE IMPLICATIONS Date: 27-Oct-11  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for electricity generation, GHG emissions are reduced by at least 45% per kWh. But when natural gas is used that it will even meet the emissions reductions mandated by the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) for corn non-GHG emissions such as particulate matter, carbon monoxide and nitrous oxide. The trade-off between

McGaughey, Alan

423

Nanomaterials for Energy and Electronics Materials Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthesis of ZnO Aggregates and Their Application in Dye-sensitized Solar Cells Nanomaterials for Energy-phase Metal Oxide Nanostructures #12;Synthesis of ZnO Aggregates and Their Application in Dye-sensitized Solar require major breakthroughs to meet the long-term goal of very low cost ($0.40/kWh).2-6 Dye-sensitized

Cao, Guozhong

424

Intelligent Sensor Placement for Hot Server Detection in Data Centers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

center energy consumption in the US will grow to over 100 billion kWh at a cost of $7.4 billion by 2011, IEEE Abstract--Recent studies have shown that a significant portion of the total energy consumption temperature set points to overcool the entire room, resulting in excessive energy consumption. Sensor network

Xing, Guoliang

425

Taming the Energy Hog in Cloud Infrastructure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy consumption consumed 61 Billion kWh in 2006, enough to power 5.8 Million average US households constrained #12;Energy Expenditure of The Cloud The IT industry is on fire! constitutes about 2% of total USTaming the Energy Hog in Cloud Infrastructure Jie Liu Microsoft Research liuj@microsoft.com RTSS

Hunt, Galen

426

Power and Performance Modeling in a Virtualized Server System Massoud Pedram and Inkwon Hwang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

% of the electrical energy consumption in the US (and this in spite of continuous improvements in energy efficiency and maintenance easier, and can decrease energy consumption through resource consolidation. To develop and employ kWh in 2011. By the 2020, the data center energy consumption s expected to account for 8

Pedram, Massoud

427

California Energy Commission Apply Today!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Flyer Public Programs Office (916) 654-4147 pubprog@energy.state.ca.us June 2006 #12;DON'T MISS electricity usage by about 30 percent. Electricity Savings: 2,262,207 kWh Demand Savings: 575 kW EnergyCalifornia Energy Commission Apply Today! "The college is using cutting edge on- site generation

428

Application of motor capacitors to improve facility power usage in the industrial setting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and duty cycle???????.. 40 16 Payback as a function of capacitor size and cost per KWH?????? 41 17 Constant vs. irregular loading conditions????????????? 46 18 Measurement point, where only load supplied??...????????. 47 19 Project survey... LIST OF TABLES TABLE Page 1 Basic power parameters??...??????????????..?? 1 2 Line resistance values[6]??????????..??.??????. 17 3 Circuit resistance for Condenser Fan 1????.?????????. 27 4 Total harmonic current...

Hillhouse, William Jeffrey

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

429

Microsoft PowerPoint - Sale at SWPA workshop June-09 v3mjs.ppt  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cost (kW or kWh) Development Type Low Medium High cost now 2030 cost life time New small hydro at new dams 0 5 12 3,125 2,900 50 New hydro at existing dams 8 15 21 2,010...

430

Energy & Water:Energy & Water: A Growing and IncreasinglyA Growing and Increasingly  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SubstationTo SCE Mirage Substation To WAPATo WAPA #12;13 Metropolitan Small Hydro Power PlantsMetropolitan Small Hydro Power Plants 16 Plants ­ 126 MW ­ 450M kWh #12;14 FY 2006/07 Capital Investment PlanFY 2006

Keller, Arturo A.

431

THE DESIRE TO ACQUIRE: FORECASTING THE EVOLUTION OF HOUSEHOLD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy-using devices in the average U.S. household that used over 4,700 kWh of electricity, natural gas.46]. The cost of these devices was also statistically significant. Keywords: electricity use; energy efficiency the Canadian Industrial Energy End Use Data and Analysis (CIEEDAC) for their financial support made possible

432

Pulp & Paper Industry- A Strategic Energy Review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The pulp and paper industry with yearly energy purchases of $5 billion per year including 50 billion kWh of power is one of the largest industrial energy producers in the U.S. However, structural changes in the global pulp and paper industry could...

Stapley, C. E.

433

PV Integration by Building Energy Management System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. However, to validate global control algorithms, a simulator capable of interoperating with energy[kWh]. Econs (k) Total energy consumed by the load [kWh]. E (i, k) Energy consumed by the service i duringPV Integration by Building Energy Management System Rim.Missaoui¹, Ghaith.Warkozek¹, Seddik. Bacha

Boyer, Edmond

434

Normand Mousseau Dpartement de physique,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Jean-Marc Jancovici (basé sur Schilling & Al. 1977, IEA, BP statistical review et Nations-Unis) #12;1 1 : Schilling & Al. 1977, IEA et Jean-Marc Jancovici (1 tep = 11 700 kWh). #12;Consommation par capita Origine

Skorobogatiy, Maksim

435

E-Print Network 3.0 - acwy conjugate vaccine Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

W Renewables 12;David Cahen, 4 ACWIS 7'09 work of 2 horses for 25 hrs 6 x 6 m2 solar cell panel for 2 days... 1 (US) gallon 3.8 liter 37 kWh 12;David Cahen, 4 ACWIS...

436

Power translation chart kWh/d each GW / UK TWh/y / UK Mtoe/y / UK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'`Safe and fair' UK (1990) UK (2005) 60% target 80% target UK Electricity kWh thermal energy exchange rate: 1 k" from the Institute of Electrical Engineers's 2002 report Renewable energy in the UK. The "technical in the structure of our society and economy". The figures for solar photovoltaics and energy crops

MacKay, David J.C.

437

Monitoring System Used to Identify, Track and Allocate Peak Demand Costs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

leasing space on the site. The most common way to distribute monthly electric costs within a facility when consumption by area or department is available through submetering or other means, is to apply the average cost per KWH from the utility bill...

Holmes, W. A.

438

Gnie mcanique Multi-Objective Optimization applied  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for cogeneration; a battery, a Wind Turbine, Photovoltaic solar panels and the grid also supply electricityWh battery. 4. Flat electricity import price Min Expenditurest ! Incomest Wsupplied t t=1 T=24 " ($/kWh) Min on the quality of its operation strategy. The results have shown that buying the electricity at the market price

Diggavi, Suhas

439

Jay Apt, Paulina Jaramillo, and Stephen Rose Carnegie Mellon Electricity Industry Center (CEIC)'s RenewElec Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electric generators. 9 · Solar: ­ Photovoltaic (solar panels) ­ Solar thermal (concentrated solar power at 15-20 cents per kWh. · If installed prices fall 40%, PV can match the current price of wind) supporting wind projects and the investment tax credits (ITC) supporting solar projects. Electric Generation

McGaughey, Alan

440

Analysis of Energy Conservation Options for USDOE Child Development Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pumps. The architect's estimate of the energy savings from these measures totaled 31.5 MWh per year, an annual savings of about $1,575 (at $0.05/kWh). The DOE-2 predicted total annual energy use for the CDC with all the ECO's installed is 146,317 k...

Bou-Saada, T. E.; Haberl, J. S.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour kwh joules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

PowerNet: Energy Use & Energy Waste powernet.stanford.edu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PowerNet: Energy Use & Energy Waste powernet.stanford.edu 345,281 kWh $ 36,255 Device Type Measured lights, etc. Current Energy Use of Computing Systems Monday: Holiday What About Waste? Network Traffic on Core Switches Label Switch Type Active Ports (gigabit each) Data trace (# days) a HP 5412zl 120 150 b

Levis, Philip

442

Application of Risk Analysis to Evaluating M&V Requirement for Energy Efficiency Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

shows that increasing the size of lighting project savings for which M&V is waived to 1,400,000 kWh per year would introduce an error of only ±5% to the sum of all lighting savings. The error introduced at the program level would be approximately ±2...

Tan, G.; Gregoire, C.; Gogte, S.; Gowans, D.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Savings Analysis of Utility Bills for Unmonitored Sites, Volume II: Detailed Savings Calculations, Texas LoanSTAR Monitoring and Analysis Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detailed calculations for each site are shown in this Volume. For each site the ECRM description, approved loan amount, expected savings, the pre and post-retrofit energy use (electricity and gas separately), cost of energy, energy savings (in kWh...

Wei, G.; Eggebrecht, J.; Saman, N. F.; Claridge, D. E.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Estimated Savings from Turning Off Unnecessary Lights at the Langford Architecture Center During the 1996 Christmas Holidays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

lights been left on, the building would have consumed 100 kW more electricity every hour. The total electricity savings was about 31,200 kWh over 13 days, which is equivalent to a total cost saving of $936.00. If the College continues to turn off...

Soebarto, V. I.; Haberl, J. S.; Degelman, L. O.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Case Study Impact Evaluations of the Industrial Energy Savings Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

measures installed and the processes affected are described in this paper. The report presents energy (kWh) and peak demand (kW) savings indexed to changes in production volume, an assessment of non-energy benefits to the participating customer, and cost...

Lilly, P.; Pearson, D.

446

The Use of Electricity in Industry and Energy Saving - The Gamma Co-Efficient  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of simple factors : the gamma factor. It is, when using energy, the number of thermies which are replaced by one kWh. Gamma is not a factor for measuring the oil saving but the using efficiency. For measuring the oil saving, the author uses 'the net gain...

Wolf, R.; Froehlich, R.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

The ICLS system results in superior energy savings. The chart (right)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy load is less than the design goal. Energy ICLS ICLS Title 24 Ashrae 90.1 Savings Avg. Usage Design · 200 days/school yr · 8 hrs of operation/day · $0.11/kwh ** Savings per Classroom per year vs. Ashrae 90.1 CONTROL STRATEGIES Finelite, Inc. 30300 Whipple Road Union City, CA 94587-1525 510 / 441

448

PROGRESS IN ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDINGS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

otfscole [29kWh,170 kBtu] ASHRAE 90-7S. 1976 Interpretationm :+A- . Fo&kaom, . x ASHRAE 90-7SR,1980 Int.rpreta- .when ASHRAE passed its now-famous voluntary Standard 90-75,

Wall, L.W.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, vol. 5, pp. 1722 -1728, 2012, doi: 10.1109/JSTARS.2012.2196024  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be assessed thanks to Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), a useful tool dedicated to evaluate the environmental. emissions per kWh for wind turbines could range from 8 g/kWh to 124 g/kWh [3]. Similar variations occur wind and solar resources, for example, appear to be abundant, technological, economic and planning

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

450

Rocky Mountain Power- Self-Direction Credit Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Rocky Mountain Power offers a Self-Direction Credit program to its industrial and large commercial customers with annual electric usage of more than 5,000,000 kWh or a 1,000 kW peak load. Through...

451

Rocky Mountain Power- Self-Direction Credit Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Rocky Mountain Power offers a Self-Direction Credit program to its industrial and large commercial customers with annual electric usage of more than 5 million kWh or a peak load of 1,000 kW or more...

452

Building Codes for Classrooms 34MK 3401 Market Street JMHH Jon M. Huntsman Hall  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building Codes for Classrooms 34MK 3401 Market Street JMHH Jon M. Huntsman Hall 35MK 3550 Market Market Street KWH Kelly Writers House ACHM Anatomy/Chemistry Building L-FH Lauder-Fischer Hall ADDM Fisher-Bennett Hall LIPP Lippincott BLOC Blockley Hall LLAB Leidy Labs CAST Caster Building LRSM Lab

Plotkin, Joshua B.

453

A monetary comparison of energy recovered from microbial fuel cells and microbial electrolysis cells fed winery or  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as electricity or hydrogen from organic matter. Organic removal efficiencies and values of the different energy the predominance of Geobacter species in anodic microbial communities in MECs for both wastewaters, suggesting low. An AS process typically uses 1 kWh of electricity and produces w0.4 kg of sludge per kg of oxidized COD [2

454

Sustainable Energy --without the hot air David J.C. MacKay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

20 kWh per day per person; covering every south­facing roof with solar water­heating panels captures units. Energies are expressed as quan­ CONSUMPTION PRODUCTION Wind: 20 kWh/d Wave: 4 kWh/d Solar heating energy strategy. Are ``decentralization'' and ``combined heat and power,'' green enough, for example

MacKay, David J.C.

455

Model Predictive Control of Residential Energy Systems Using  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as air con- ditioners and refrigerators, is elastic or schedulable. Therefore, an alternate, P. Braun (k) + ui2 (k) (1) where xi is the state of charge of the battery in kWh, ui1 is the battery charge , and the definitions of f and h are obvious from (1). We assume constraints on the battery capacity and charge

Knobloch,Jürgen

456

Field Verification of Energy and Demand Savings of Two Injection Molding Machines Retrofitted with Variable Frequency Drives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detailed field measurements of energy consumption (kWh) and demand (kW) are conducted on two injection molding machines (IMMs) used in a typical plastic manufacturing facility in the San Francisco Bay Area, with/without Variable Frequency Drives...

Liou, S. P.; Aguiar, D.

457

Energy Use and Costs in Texas Schools and Hospitals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

performance indices among the participating institutions. For participating elementary schools, the annual electrical energy use/area ranged from 5.52 to 16.84 kwh/ft^2, the gas use from 9,363 to 66,639 Btu/ft^2, the electrical cost/area from 0.29 to 0.98 $/ft...

Dunn, J. R.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Institute for Critical Technology and Applied Science Seminar Series Silicone Materials for Sustainable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Photovoltaic (PV) industry has aggressive goals to decrease $/kWh and lower the overall cost of ownership for Sustainable Energy: Emphasis on Photovoltaic Materials for Module Assembly and Installation with Ann Norris properties that make them excellent candidates for photovoltaic module encapsulants and other materials

Crawford, T. Daniel

459

INTERNATIONAL Presented by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

exhaust from the gas turbine is sent to a Heat Recovery Steam Generator (HRSG) The steam turbine drives a generator Low pressure steam from the turbine is condensed and sent back to the boiler Thermal efficiency turbine) at 10,000 to 12,000 BTU/kwh Combined Cycle BoilerFeedwater Condenser Steam Turbine & Generator

Keller, Arturo A.

460

1 Copyright 2014 by ASME Proceedings of the 2014 Joint Rail Conference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. These operators report energy consumption in purchased electricity (kWh) instead of gallons of liquid fuel transportation alternative to reduce energy consumption and emissions in large urban areas. Use of commuter rail-term efficiency trends for rail as an urban transportation mode, this study analyzes historic trends in energy

Barkan, Christopher P.L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour kwh joules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

MOBILE PHONE, A SUSTAINABLE PRODUCT?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

but mobile > fixed line household penetration) ITU, 2013 GSMA, 2013 Growth Operators activity Europe (EEA GSMA, 2014 Deloitte, 2012 Price of an entrylevel mobile broadband 12% of monthly GNI p.c. 1125Wh / year (own measures, Malmodin 2014) · network : 23kWh / user / year (Malmodin 2014) · French electricity

van Tiggelen, Bart

462

Workshop on Demand Response, Ballerup, 7. February 2006 www.risoe.dk Curtailment of Household Equipments A Danish Case Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Workshop on Demand Response, Ballerup, 7. February 2006 www.risoe.dk Curtailment of Household Frame · 189 Respondents · Power consumption: 5000 ­ 6000 kWh per year · No electrical heating · Products hours 3 hours 3 hours Question 9 Question 10 Question 13 Price(DKK/kWh) 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% Response

463

Residential Furnace Blower Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conditioner performance1 , standby power, as well as igniter and combustion air blower power. Energy savings for a typical three-and-a-half ton air conditioner with typical California ducts are 45 kWh. Peak demand combinations of blowers and residential furnaces were tested for air moving performance. The laboratory test

464

Vehicle-to-Grid Power: Battery, Hybrid, and Fuel Cell Vehicles as Resources for Distributed Electric Power in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Battery cycle life (cycles) c Battery calendar life (years) Battery costin the battery during its life cycle in kWh, C B is cost ofBattery cycle life (cycles) Battery calendar life (years) Maximum electrical power output to motor (kW) Battery cost

Kempton, Willett; Tomic, Jasna; Letendre, Steven; Brooks, Alec; Lipman, Timothy

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

PROCEEDINGS OF 1976 SUMMER WORKSHOP ON AN ENERGY EXTENSION SERVICE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

KWH X 10 3 Occup, Unaee. BTU x10 6 Qceup. Unoec. Oecuj2.H20 gal H 0 occ. -yr. x (155-60) OF x x + 40,000 BTU/occ. /yr. BTU 493,000 BTU/occ. /yr. 8,000,000 BTU/yr. 100

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Electric Power Monthly, July 1990  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) is prepared by the Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the national, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, cost of fuel, electricity sales, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation are also displayed at the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) region level. Additionally, company and plant level information are published in the EPM on capability of new plants, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost in fuel. Quantity, quality, and cost of fuel data lag the net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, electricity sales, and average revenue per kilowatthour data by 1 month. This difference in reporting appears in the national, Census division, and State level tables. However, at the plant level, all statistics presented are for the earlier month for the purpose of comparison. 12 refs., 4 figs., 48 tabs.

Not Available

1990-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

467

Electric Power Monthly, June 1990  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The EPM is prepared by the Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. This publication provides monthly statistics at the national, Census division, and State levels for net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, electricity sales, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation are also displayed at the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) region level. Additionally, company and plant level information are published in the EPM on capability of new plants, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fuel. Quantity, quality, and cost of fuel data lag the net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, electricity sales, and average revenue per kilowatthour data by 1 month. This difference in reporting appears in the national, Census division, and State level tables. However, at the plant level, all statistics presented are for the earlier month for the purpose of comparison. 40 tabs.

Not Available

1990-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

468

Methodological and Practical Considerations for DevelopingMultiproject Baselines for Electric Power and Cement Industry Projects inCentral America  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) andthe Center for Sustainable Development in the Americas (CSDA) conductedtechnical studies and organized two training workshops to developcapacity in Central America for the evaluation of climate changeprojects. This paper describes the results of two baseline case studiesconducted for these workshops, one for the power sector and one for thecement industry, that were devised to illustrate certain approaches tobaseline setting. Multiproject baseline emission rates (BERs) for themain Guatemalan electricity grid were calculated from 2001 data. Inrecent years, the Guatemalan power sector has experienced rapid growth;thus, a sufficient number of new plants have been built to estimateviable BERs. We found that BERs for baseload plants offsetting additionalbaseload capacity ranged from 0.702 kgCO2/kWh (using a weighted averagestringency) to 0.507 kgCO2/kWh (using a 10th percentile stringency),while the baseline for plants offsetting load-followingcapacity is lowerat 0.567 kgCO2/kWh. For power displaced from existing load-followingplants, the rate is higher, 0.735 kgCO2/kWh, as a result of the age ofsome plants used for meeting peak loads and the infrequency of their use.The approved consolidated methodology for the Clean Development Mechanismyields a single rate of 0.753 kgCO2/kWh. Due to the relatively smallnumber of cement plants in the region and the regional nature of thecement market, all of Central America was chosen as the geographicboundary for setting cement industry BERs. Unfortunately, actualoperations and output data were unobtainable for most of the plants inthe region, and many data were estimated. Cement industry BERs rangedfrom 205 kgCO2 to 225 kgCO2 per metric ton of cement.

Murtishaw, Scott; Sathaye, Jayant; Galitsky, Christina; Dorion,Kristel

2004-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

469

Electrical initiation of an energetic nanolaminate film  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A heating apparatus comprising an energetic nanolaminate film that produces heat when initiated, a power source that provides an electric current, and a control that initiates the energetic nanolaminate film by directing the electric current to the energetic nanolaminate film and joule heating the energetic nanolaminate film to an initiation temperature. Also a method of heating comprising providing an energetic nanolaminate film that produces heat when initiated, and initiating the energetic nanolaminate film by directing an electric current to the energetic nanolaminate film and joule heating the energetic nanolaminate film to an initiation temperature.

Tringe, Joseph W. (Walnut Creek, CA); Gash, Alexander E. (Brentwood, CA); Barbee, Jr., Troy W. (Palo Alto, CA)

2010-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

470

Thermodynamic analysis of pumped thermal electricity storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

considered in France [5]. We include a brief description of a PTES system here since it is a not widely known technology. The general principle of operation is straightforward and is illustrated in Fig. 1. The main components are a compressor (C... and compressor respectively.) The heat engine and heat pump operate on the Joule-Brayton and reverse Joule-Brayton cycles respectively, the temperature-entropy (T-s) diagram for which is shown on the right of the figure for the case of ideal (reversible...

White, Alexander; Parks, Geoff; Markides, Christos N.

2012-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

471

System for thermochemical hydrogen production  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Method and apparatus are described for joule boosting a SO/sub 3/ decomposer using electrical instead of thermal energy to heat the reactants of the high temperature SO/sub 3/ decomposition step of a thermochemical hydrogen production process driven by a tandem mirror reactor. Joule boosting the decomposer to a sufficiently high temperature from a lower temperature heat source eliminates the need for expensive catalysts and reduces the temperature and consequent materials requirements for the reactor blanket. A particular decomposer design utilizes electrically heated silicon carbide rods, at a temperature of 1250/sup 0/K, to decompose a cross flow of SO/sub 3/ gas.

Werner, R.W.; Galloway, T.R.; Krikorian, O.H.

1981-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

472

Optimizing and Diversifying the Electric Range of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles for U.S. Drivers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To provide useful information for automakers to design successful plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) products and for energy and environmental analysts to understand the social impact of PHEVs, this paper addresses the question of how many of the U.S. consumers, if buying a PHEV, would prefer what electric ranges. The Market-oriented Optimal Range for PHEV (MOR-PHEV) model is developed to optimize the PHEV electric range for each of 36,664 sampled individuals representing U.S. new vehicle drivers. The optimization objective is the minimization of the sum of costs on battery, gasoline, electricity and refueling hassle. Assuming no battery subsidy, the empirical results suggest that: 1) the optimal PHEV electric range approximates two thirds of one s typical daily driving distance in the near term, defined as $450/kWh battery delivered price and $4/gallon gasoline price. 2) PHEVs are not ready to directly compete with HEVs at today s situation, defined by the $600/kWh battery delivered price and the $3-$4/gallon gasoline price, but can do so in the near term. 3) PHEV10s will be favored by the market over longer-range PHEVs in the near term, but longer-range PHEVs can dominate the PHEV market if gasoline prices reach as high as $5-$6 per gallon and/or battery delivered prices reach as low as $150-$300/kWh. 4) PHEVs can become much more attractive against HEVs in the near term if the electric range can be extended by only 10% with multiple charges per day, possible with improved charging infrastructure or adapted charging behavior. 5) the impact of a $100/kWh decrease in battery delivered prices on the competiveness of PHEVs against HEVs can be offset by about $1.25/gallon decrease in gasoline prices, or about 7/kWh increase in electricity prices. This also means that the impact of a $1/gallon decrease in gasoline prices can be offset by about 5/kWh decrease in electricity prices.

Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

ISBN Titulo Autor Ao Enlace a texto completo 9780123735539 Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals 2009 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780123735539  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/9780080469751 9780080546285 High-Resolution NMR Techniques in Organic Chemistry Claridge, T.D.W. 2009 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780123848901 9780080469751 Progress in Heterocyclic Chemistry Gordon W. Gribble, J. Joule 2009 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780080546285 9780080965154 Progress in Heterocyclic Chemistry Gribble, Gordon 2009 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book

Autonoma de Madrid, Universidad

474

International Energy Annual, 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is prepared annually and presents the latest information and trends on world energy production and consumption for petroleum, natural gas, coal, and electricity. Trade and reserves are shown for petroleum, natural gas, and coal. Prices are included for selected petroleum products. Production and consumption data are reported in standard units as well as British thermal units (Btu) and joules.

Not Available

1994-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

475

Description of processes for the immobilization of selected transuranic wastes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Processed sludge and incinerator-ash wastes contaminated with transuranic (TRU) elements may require immobilization to prevent the release of these elements to the environment. As part of the TRU Waste Immobilization Program sponsored by the Department of Energy (DOE), the Pacific Northwest Laboratory is developing applicable waste-form and processing technology that may meet this need. This report defines and describes processes that are capable of immobilizing a selected TRU waste-stream consisting of a blend of three parts process sludge and one part incinerator ash. These selected waste streams are based on the compositions and generation rates of the waste processing and incineration facility at the Rocky Flats Plant. The specific waste forms that could be produced by the described processes include: in-can melted borosilicate-glass monolith; joule-heated melter borosilicate-glass monolith or marble; joule-heated melter aluminosilicate-glass monolith or marble; joule-heated melter basaltic-glass monolith or marble; joule-heated melter glass-ceramic monolith; cast-cement monolith; pressed-cement pellet; and cold-pressed sintered-ceramic pellet.

Timmerman, C.L.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS: STATUS AND CHALLENGES San Diego, California, USA 14 ­ 15 June 2011 The First Law of energy conservation was even known (Joule 1843) and long before Thermodynamic concepts were, including this one. The Laws of Thermodynamics have much wider, including philosophical significance

Kostic, Milivoje M.

477

Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the source terms in momentum balance due to Lorentz force and Joule heating in energy balance equation current plasma arc in three dimension based on the equations of resistive MHD. These model equations of contact material, magnetic and electric effects. Due to the presence of these wide ranging phenomena

Lang, Annika

478

Capacity and Energy Cost of Information in Biological and Silicon Photoreceptors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Capacity and Energy Cost of Information in Biological and Silicon Photoreceptors PAMELA ABSHIRE of infor- mation capacity (in bits per second) versus energy cost of infor- mation (in joules per bit levels of abstraction. At the functional level, we ex- amine the operational and task specification

Maryland at College Park, University of

479

1 Copyright 2011 by ASME AN OPTOFLUIDIC PHOTOBIOREACTOR STRATEGY FOR BIOENERGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[1]. Of the options available solar energy is by far the most abundant. Over 2.7 billion peta joules (PJ = 1015 J) of solar energy is incident on the earth's surface per year, dwarfing global energy amounts of other nutrients [6]. This has benefits from both a cost and emissions perspective as fuel

Pedersen, Tom

480

Microfluidic Device for Single-Cell Analysis Aaron R. Wheeler,, William R. Throndset,, Rebecca J. Whelan, Andrew M. Leach,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and cellular analyses of biological systems has grown rapidly over the past two decades.1 In particular and has thus been used to manipulate cells.5 Unfortunately, the high current and Joule heating that result in electric fields, make this a nonideal solution. Other creative methods for control of cells in microfluidic

Zare, Richard N.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour kwh joules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Microscopic Conductivity of Lattice Fermions at Equilibrium Part I: NonInteracting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

measure 0 d. Therefore, electric fields generally produce heat in such systems. In fact, the conductivity production is the classical work performed by electric fields on the system in presence of currents of which describes the resistivity of the system. This leads to Joule's law, i.e., the 1 #12;heat produced

482

Electro-osmotic flow control for living cell analysis in microfluidic Tomasz Glawdel, Carolyn L. Ren *  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the problems associated with the use of high electric fields required for operating electro-osmotic pumps in living cell analysis. In particular, electroporation of cell mem- branes, Joule heating, electrolysis pressure-driven flow control systems. Futai et al. (2006) developed a recircu- lating perfusion platform

Le Roy, Robert J.

483

BIT Numerical Mathematics 2005, to appear  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. AKRIVIS AND S. LARSSON This system models the electric heating of a conductive body, with u being­DEPENDENT JOULE HEATING PROBLEM # G. AKRIVIS 1+ and S. LARSSON 2 June 27, 2005 1 Computer Science Department@chalmers.se Abstract. Completely discrete numerical methods for a nonlinear elliptic­parabolic system, the time

Larsson, Stig

484

IEEE POWER ELECTRONICS LETTERS, VOL. 3, NO. 2, JUNE 2005 63 Analysis of Thermoelectric Coolers by a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are thermally joined in parallel and electrically in series. The TEM can be used for cooling, heating-conversion processes take place in a thermo- electric module: conductive heat transfer, Joule heating, Peltier cooling/heating and incorporating it in a closed-loop system. In such cases a SPICE-compatible model can help in obtaining

485

BIT Numerical Mathematics 2005, to appear  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the electric heating of a conductive body, with u being the temperature, the electric potential-DEPENDENT JOULE HEATING PROBLEM G. AKRIVIS1 and S. LARSSON2 June 27, 2005 1 Computer Science Department@chalmers.se Abstract. Completely discrete numerical methods for a nonlinear elliptic-parabolic system, the time

Larsson, Stig

486

Microscopic Conductivity Distributions of Non--Interacting Fermions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

measure 0 d#. Therefore, electric fields generally produce heat in such systems. In fact, the conductivity production is the classical work performed by electric fields on the system in presence of currents of which describes the resistivity of the system. This leads to Joule's law, i.e., the heat produced

487

STORM TIME SEASONAL VARIATION OF TEC IN THE SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE MID-LATITUDE REGIONS USING SIGNALS FROM GPS SATELLITE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

region. The main source of this heating is the joule dissipation of electric currents (Förster & Jakowski SIGNALS FROM GPS SATELLITE E. Yizengaw1 and E. A. Essex Cooperative Research Center for Satellite Systems AND METHODS During an ionospheric storm there is heating of the lower part of the thermosphere in the auroral

Kassie, Endawoke Yizengaw

488

Research Article DNA sequencing by microchip  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reduces Joule heating by allowing for more efficient heat transfer, which thereby allows higher electric field strengths to be used. Higher electric field strengths allow for much faster sample analysis times and overall system automation to create capillary array electrophoresis instru- ments [11]. A similar

Barron, Annelise E.

489

Ann. Geophys., 27, 33673385, 2009 www.ann-geophys.net/27/3367/2009/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

current is present at the western (trailing) edge. The Joule heating follows the electric field pattern, Finland 2Department of Communication Systems, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK 3Geophysical Institute calculation, which gives the ionospheric potential electric field as output, thus giving us a complete picture

Lummerzheim, Dirk

490

ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY AND TRANSFERENCE NUMBER MEASUREMENTS OF FeO -CaO -MgO -SiO2 MELTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Joule heating of the electrolyte is central to establishing the thermal balance of the reactor. Molten in proportion to the concentration of FeO. Keywords: oxygen generation, electrical conductivity, transference is electric power and this, presumably, can be generated either photovoltaically or by nuclear fission

Sadoway, Donald Robert

491

Progress and prospects for an FI relevant point design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The physics issues involved in scaling from sub ignition to high gain fast ignition are discussed. Successful point designs must collimate the electrons and minimize the stand off distance to avoid multi mega-joule ignition energies. Collimating B field configurations are identified and some initial designs are explored.

Key, M; Amendt, P; Bellei, C; Clark, D; Cohen, B; Divol, L; Ho, D; Kemp, A; Larson, D; Marinak, M; Patel, P; Shay, H; Strozzi, D; Tabak, M

2011-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

492

Closed cycle refrigerators -Pulse tube coolers Peter Dahl Nissen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-McMahon and Joule-Thomson cryocoolers all use expansion of a gas to obtain cooling. Different operating principles certain criteria. In this text the build-ups and principles of cooling for the mentioned coolers freezing ice-cream [1] to cryoablation of particular locations in the heart to treat heart arrhythmia [2

Nygård, Jesper

493

Current distribution inside Py/Cu lateral spin-valve devices J. Hamrle,1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan 2CREST, Japan Science & Technology Corporation, Japan 3ISSP, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa-shi, Chiba 277-8581, Japan 4RIKEN, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan with- out the charge current, leading to the solution for the energy dissipation problem due to Joule

Otani, Yoshichika

494

Experiments and multiscale simulations of laser propagation through  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(NIF) at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in the USA1 and the Laser Mega Joule in France2. NIEMANN1,2 , C. H. STILL1 , L. J. SUTER1 , R. J. WALLACE1 , E. A. WILLIAMS1 AND B. K. F. YOUNG1 1 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, L-399, PO Box 808, Livermore, California 94551, USA 2 University

Loss, Daniel

495

Modelling and Computation of AC Fields and Losses in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electricity but inherently has energy losses associated with (joule) heating. Fault current limiters would be installed in transmission and distribution systems, especially for electric utilities and large energy users. High-Tc superconductors experience energy loss when exposed to time-varying magnetic fields or carrying

Sóbester, András

496

MATERIALS RESEARCH DEPARTMENT 2000 A n n u a l R e p o r t 2 0 0 0  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MATERIALS RESEARCH DEPARTMENT 2000 35 A n n u a l R e p o r t 2 0 0 0 Finances Finances), 13% BRITE-EURAM, JOULE, EU-Fusion, 23% EUCLID,EUREKA, 5% Research areas (hours) Materials Science, 37% Materials Technology, 41% Materials engineering, 22% 36 501 000 DKK 4 551 000 USS 36 598 000 DKK 4 563 000

497

Solar Flare Observations Flares are caused by the release of magnetic energy up  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solar Flare Observations Flares are caused by the release of magnetic energy up to some 10 27 Joule in the solar atmosphere within a few minutes (Fig.1). The energy input causes a myriad of phenomena including of the primary energy release as electrons. Recent space missions, including Skylab, Solar Max­ imum Mission

498

Leveraging Physical Layer Cooperation For Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Leveraging Physical Layer Cooperation For Energy Conservation Christopher Hunter, Member, IEEE to the following question related to the energy efficiency (bits-per-joule) of devices ­ is the performance improvement worth the extra energy costs of transmitting for others? Through an in-depth hardware testbed

499

Optimization of Current Carrying Multicables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

approach. Keywords Shape optimization · Genetic algorithm · Electric cables · Finite element method · Joule material, space and weight, manufacturers reduce cable diameters which is only possible to a certain extend multicables Helmut Harbrecht · Florian Loos Received: date / Accepted: date Abstract High currents in cable

Kraft, Hanspeter

500

Mobile Processors for Energy-Efficient Web Search VIJAY JANAPA REDDI, University of Texas at Austin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9 Mobile Processors for Energy-Efficient Web Search VIJAY JANAPA REDDI, University of Texas computational intensity. While mobile processors are energy-efficient, they exact a price for that efficiency. The Atom is 5× more energy-efficient than the Xeon when comparing queries per Joule. However, search

Lee, Benjamin C.