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1

Definition: Kilowatt-hour | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kilowatt-hour Kilowatt-hour Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Kilowatt-hour A unit of measure for energy, typically applied to electricity usage; equal to the amount of energy used at a rate of 1,000 watts over the course of one hour. One kWh is equivalent to 3,412 Btu, or 3,600 kJ.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition The kilowatt hour, or kilowatt-hour, (symbol kW·h, kW h or kWh) is a unit of energy equal to 1000 watt hours or 3.6 megajoules. For constant power, energy in watt hours is the product of power in watts and time in hours. The kilowatt hour is most commonly known as a billing unit for energy delivered to consumers by electric utilities. Also Known As kWh Related Terms British thermal unit, Electricity, Energy, Kilowatt, energy, electricity generation

2

Table 7.1 Electricity Overview (Billion Kilowatthours)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2013 93 Table 7.1 Electricity Overview (Billion Kilowatthours) Net Generation Trade

3

How much carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) is produced per kilowatt-hour ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

How much carbon dioxide (CO 2) is produced per kilowatt-hour when generating electricity with fossil fuels? You can calculate the amount of CO2 produced per kWh for ...

4

Average Price (Cents/kilowatthour) by State by Provider, 1990-2012  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Average Price (Cents/kilowatthour) by State by Provider, 1990-2012" Average Price (Cents/kilowatthour) by State by Provider, 1990-2012" "Year","State","Industry Sector Category","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation","Other","Total" 2012,"AK","Total Electric Industry",17.88,14.93,16.82,0,"NA",16.33 2012,"AL","Total Electric Industry",11.4,10.63,6.22,0,"NA",9.18 2012,"AR","Total Electric Industry",9.3,7.71,5.77,11.23,"NA",7.62 2012,"AZ","Total Electric Industry",11.29,9.53,6.53,0,"NA",9.81 2012,"CA","Total Electric Industry",15.34,13.41,10.49,7.17,"NA",13.53

5

Quantum extended crystal PDE's  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our recent results on {\\em extended crystal PDE's} are generalized to PDE's in the category $\\mathfrak{Q}_S$ of quantum supermanifolds. Then obstructions to the existence of global quantum smooth solutions for such equations are obtained, by using algebraic topologic techniques. Applications are considered in details to the quantum super Yang-Mills equations. Furthermore, our geometric theory of stability of PDE's and their solutions, is also generalized to quantum extended crystal PDE's. In this way we are able to identify quantum equations where their global solutions are stable at finite times. These results, are also extended to quantum singular (super)PDE's, introducing ({\\em quantum extended crystal singular (super) PDE's}).

Agostino Prástaro

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Battery life extender  

SciTech Connect

A battery life extender is described which comprises: (a) a housing disposed around the battery with terminals of the battery extending through top of the housing so that battery clamps can be attached thereto, the housing having an access opening in the top thereof; (b) means for stabilizing temperature of the battery within the housing during hot and cold weather conditions so as to extend operating life of the battery; and (c) a removable cover sized to fit over the access opening in the top of the housing so that the battery can be serviced without having to remove the housing or any part thereof.

Foti, M.; Embry, J.

1989-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

7

Extending the resynchronization attack  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synchronous stream ciphers need perfect synchronization between sender and receiver. In practice, this is ensured by a resync mechanism. Daemen et al. [10] first described attacks on ciphers using such a resync mechanism. In this paper, we extend their ...

Frederik Armknecht; Joseph Lano; Bart Preneel

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Extendable pipe crawler  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pipe crawler is described having a front leg assembly and a back leg assembly connected together by two air cylinders, each leg assembly having four extendable legs and a pair of actuators for sliding the extendable legs radially outward to increase the range of the legs when the pipe crawler enters a section of a pipe having a larger diameter. The crawler crawls by inchworm'-like motion, the front leg assembly and back leg assembly alternately engaging and disengaging the wall of the pipe to hold the pipe crawler as the air cylinders alternately advance the front leg assembly and bring up the rear leg assembly. The pair of actuators of each leg assembly are parallel, adjacent and opposing acting so that each slides two adjacent extendable legs radially outward. 5 figures.

Hapstack, M.

1991-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

9

Extendable pipe crawler  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pipe crawler having a front leg assembly and a back leg assembly connected together by two air cylinders, each leg assembly having four extendable legs and a pair of actuators for sliding the extendable legs radically outward to increase the range of the legs when the pipe crawler enters a section of pipe having a larger diameter. The crawler crawls by inchworm''-like motion, the front leg assembly and back leg assembly alternately engaging and disengaging the wall of the pipe to hold the pipe crawler as the air cylinders alternately advance the front leg assembly and bring up the rear leg assembly. The pair of actuators of each leg assembly are parallel, adjacent and opposing acting so that each slides two adjacent extendable legs radially outward. 5 figs.

Hapstack, M.

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

facial reduction and extended duals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Facial reduction and extended duals Here we study two fundamental approaches ...... denberghe, and Henry Wolkowicz, editors, Handbook of semidefinite ...

11

New results in extended thermodynamics.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The subject of this thesis lays in the context of Extended Thermodynamics. The classical methodology to solve the system of balance equations, in E.T., leads… (more)

Carrisi, Maria Cristina

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Extender for securing a closure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for securing a closure such as door or a window that opens and closes by movement relative to a fixed structure such as a wall or a floor. Many embodiments provide a device for relocating a padlock from its normal location where it secures a fastener (such as a hasp) to a location for the padlock that is more accessible for locking and unlocking the padlock. Typically an extender is provided, where the extender has a hook at a first end that is disposed through the eye of the staple of the hasp, and at an opposing second end the extender has an annulus, such as a hole in the extender or a loop or ring affixed to the extender. The shackle of the padlock may be disposed through the annulus and may be disposed through the eye of a second staple to secure the door or window in a closed or open position. Some embodiments employ a rigid sheath to enclose at least a portion of the extender. Typically the rigid sheath has an open state where the hook is exposed outside the sheath and a closed state where the hook is disposed within the sheath.

Thomas, II, Patrick A.

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

13

Adjustable extender for instrument module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A blank extender module used to mount an instrument module in front of its console for repair or test purposes has been equipped with a rotatable mount and means for locking the mount at various angles of rotation for easy accessibility. The rotatable mount includes a horizontal conduit supported by bearings within the blank module. The conduit is spring-biased in a retracted position within the blank module and in this position a small gear mounted on the conduit periphery is locked by a fixed pawl. The conduit and instrument mount can be pulled into an extended position with the gear clearing the pawl to permit rotation and adjustment of the instrument.

Sevec, J.B.; Stein, A.D.

1975-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Extending Efficiency Services to Underserved Households: NYSERDA...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Extending Efficiency Services to Underserved Households: NYSERDA's Assisted Home Performance with ENERGY STAR Program Title Extending Efficiency Services to Underserved Households:...

15

Table 8.9 Electricity End Use, 1949-2011 (Billion Kilowatthours)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

street and highway lighting, interdepartmental sales, and other sales to public authorities. 2 Commercial sector, including public street and highway lighting, ...

16

Table 8.9 Electricity End Use, 1949-2011 (Billion Kilowatthours)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Short-Term Energy Outlook › Annual Energy Outlook ... Company Monthly Statement." - 1984-1996-EIA, Form EIA-861, "Annual Electric Utility Report." - 1997

17

Pipe crawler with extendable legs  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of a pipe crawler for moving through a pipe in inchworm fashion having front and rear leg assemblies separated by air cylinders to increase and decrease the spacing. between assemblies. Each leg of the four legs of an assembly is moved between a wall-engaging, extended position and a retracted position by a separate air cylinder. The air cylinders of the leg assemblies are preferably arranged in pairs of oppositely directed cylinders with no pair laying in the same axial plane as another pair. Therefore, the cylinders can be as long as a leg assembly is wide and the crawler can crawl through sections of pipes where the diameter is twice that of other sections. The crawler carries a valving system, a manifold to distribute air supplied by a single umbilical air hose to the various air cylinders in a sequence controlled electrically by a controller. The crawler also utilizes a rolling mechanism, casters in this case, to reduce friction between the crawler and pipe wall thereby further extending the range of the pipe crawler.

Zollinger, W.T.

1991-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

18

Extended Electrodynamics: A Brief Review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a brief review of the newly developed \\emph{Extended Electrodynamics}. The relativistic and non-relativistic approaches to the extension of Maxwell equations are considered briefly, and the further study is carried out in relativistic terms in Minkowski space-time. The non-linear vacuum solutions are considered and fully described. It is specially pointed out that solitary waves with various, in fact arbitrary, spatial structure and photon-like propagation properties exist. The {\\it null} character of all non-linear vacuum solutions is established and extensively used further. Coordinate-free definitions are given to the important quantities {\\it amplitude} and {\\it phase}. The new quantity, named {\\it scale factor}, is introduced and used as a criterion for availability of rotational component of propagation of some of the nonlinear, i.e. nonmaxwellian, vacuum solutions. The group structure properties of the nonlinear vacuum solutions are analyzed in some detail, showing explicitly the co...

Donev, S; Donev, Stoil; Tashkova, Maria

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Extended shelf-life battery  

SciTech Connect

A lead-acid battery having extended shelf-life is described comprising: a battery housing containing positive and negative lead-acid electrode elements and separators; sulfuric acid electrolyte contained within the housing in a quantity sufficient to maintain the electrode elements in a damp, but not flooded, condition; a desiccant within the housing located out of contact with the elements and in a position to absorb water vapor present in the housing the desiccant being located in container at least a portion of water is permeable to water vapor; the electrode positive and negative materials being formed - that a charge exists on the battery and so that self-discharge reactions will occur within the housing producing water vapor; the electrolyte having a specific gravity ranging from about 1.015 to about 1.320 and the quantity of the desiccant being sufficient to absorb the water vapor created during the self-discharge reactions to maintain the specific gravity of the electrolyte within the range. A method for extending the storage life of a lead-acid battery comprising the steps of: preparing a formed, lead-acid battery including electrode elements and a flooding quantity of sulfuric acid electrolyte; removing from the battery a substantial quantity of the electrolyte to leave damp elements; placing in the battery a quantity of desiccant in a container, at least a portion of which is permeable to water vapor, the container being in a position to absorb water vapor generated in the battery during self-discharge and at a location out of contact with the electrode elements; and controlling the specific gravity of the electrolyte remaining in the battery after the removal step within a range of about 1.015 and 1.320 during discharge reactions by absorbing water vapor produced thereby in the desiccant.

Bullock, N.K.; Symumski, J.S.

1993-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

20

Extended Electrodynamics: A Brief Review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a brief review of the newly developed \\emph{Extended Electrodynamics}. The relativistic and non-relativistic approaches to the extension of Maxwell equations are considered briefly, and the further study is carried out in relativistic terms in Minkowski space-time. The non-linear vacuum solutions are considered and fully described. It is specially pointed out that solitary waves with various, in fact arbitrary, spatial structure and photon-like propagation properties exist. The {\\it null} character of all non-linear vacuum solutions is established and extensively used further. Coordinate-free definitions are given to the important quantities {\\it amplitude} and {\\it phase}. The new quantity, named {\\it scale factor}, is introduced and used as a criterion for availability of rotational component of propagation of some of the nonlinear, i.e. nonmaxwellian, vacuum solutions. The group structure properties of the nonlinear vacuum solutions are analyzed in some detail, showing explicitly the connection of the vacuum solutions with some complex valued functions. Connection-curvature interpretations are given and a special attention is paid to the curvature interpretation of the intrinsic rotational (spin) properties of some of the nonlinear solutions. Several approaches to coordinate-free local description and computation of the integral spin momentum are considered. Finally, a large family of nonvacuum spatial soliton-like solutions is explicitly written down, and a procedure to get (3+1) versions of the known (1+1) soliton solutions is obtained.

Stoil Donev; Maria Tashkova

2004-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour epact05 extended" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Extended foil capacitor with radially spoked electrodes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An extended foil capacitor has a conductive disk electrically connected in noncrushing contact to the extended foil. A conductive paste is placed through spaces between radial spokes on the disk to electrically and mechanically connect the extended foil to the disk.

Foster, J.C.

1989-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

22

Extended Storage Collaboration Program International Subcommittee Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the prospect of spent nuclear fuel being stored at reactor sites for the foreseeable future, EPRI established the Extended Storage Collaboration Program (ESCP) in 2009 to investigate aging effects and mitigation options for the extended storage and transportation of spent nuclear fuel. ESCP’s International Subcommittee developed this summary of the regulatory status, operational status, fuel inventory, and technical gaps identified for extended storage of spent fuel for each ...

2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

23

Optimization Online - Column Generation for Extended Formulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 8, 2011 ... We compare numerically a direct handling of the extended formulation, a standard column generation approach, and the ``column-and-row ...

24

Apparatus and methods for a human extender  

SciTech Connect

A human extender controller for interface between a human operator and a physical object through a physical plant. The human extender controller uses an inner-feedback loop to increase the equivalent damping of the operating system to stabilize the system when it contacts with the environment and reduces the impact of the environment variation by utilizing a high feedback gain, determined by a root locus sketch. Because the stability of the human extender controller of the present invention is greatly enhanced over that of the prior art, the present invention is able to achieve a force reflection ratio 500 to 1 and capable of handling loads above the two (2) ton range.

Jansen, John F. (Knoxville, TN)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Examples of Extended Empirical Orthogonal Function Analyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An extended empirical orthogonal function analysis technique is described which expands a data set in terms of functions which are the “best” representation of that data set for a sequence of time points. The method takes advantage of the fact ...

Bryan C. Weare; John S. Nasstrom

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Strategic control in the extended enterprise  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The strategic role of information systems in "extending" the enterprise is examined. A number of issues emergea s essential considerations in the strategic alignment of the investment in information technology and business strategy. Information technologies ...

B. R. Konsynski

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Shock wave formation in Rosenau's extended hydrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the extended hydrodynamics proposed by Philip Rosenau [Phys. Rev. A 40, 7193 (1989)] in the context of a regularization of the Chapman-Enskog expansion. We are able to prove that shock waves appear in finite time in Rosenau's extended Burgers' equation, and we discuss the physical implications of this fact and its connection with a possible extension of hydrodynamics to the short wavelength domain.

Carlos Escudero

2004-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

28

Extended Defects in Cdznte Radiation Detectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large-volume CdZnTe (CZT) single crystals with electron lifetime exceeding 10 mus have recently become commercially available. This opened the opportunity for making room temperature CZT gamma-ray detectors with extended thicknesses and larger effective areas. However, the extended defects that are present even in the highest-quality material remain a major drawback which affects the availability and cost of large CZT detectors. In contrast to the point defects that control electron lifetime and whose effects on the charge collection can be electronically corrected, the extended defects introduce significant fluctuations in the collected charge, which increase with a crystal's thickness. The extended defects limit the uniformity in the electrons' drift distance in CZT crystals, above which electron trapping cannot effectively be corrected. In this paper, we illustrate the roles of the extended defects in CZT detectors with different geometries. We emphasize that the crystallinity of commercial CZT materials remains a major obstacle on the path to developing thick, large-volume CZT detectors for gamma-ray imaging and spectroscopy.

Bolotnikov, A.; Babalola, S; Camarda, G; Chen, H; Awadalla, S; Cui, Y; Egarievwe, S; Fochuk, P; Hawrami, R; et. al.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Extended Chaos Theory and Multiparticle Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

First, using the method of the soliton-solution, the fermion probability density equation, which corresponds to the Dirac equation, is derived. Next, we extend the chaos theory, in which the period bifurcation is equivalent to the particle production. Then this extended chaos theory can be used for description of the multiparticle production and the extensive air showers at high energy. Let the parameter takes a suitable value, the quantitative results will be obtained, and an approximate formula will be derived. Many properties of the multiparticle production and of the chaos theory are universal.

Yi-Fang Chang

2008-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

30

Motion of extended charges in classical electrodynamics  

SciTech Connect

The Lorentz--Dirac theory of radiation reaction on the motion of point charges is beset by the well known problems of runaway solutions and preacceleration. We examine the classical theory of extended charged particles and obtain a differential-difference type equation of motion. Analysis of this equation reveals that the theory is internally consistent (i.e., no runaways or acausality) whenever the size of the particle exceeds the classical radius (defined as the radius for which the electrostatic self-energy equals the mass of the particle). A specific example is presented which explicitly shows the different character of the extended and point charge solutions. (AIP)

Levine, H.; Moniz, E.J.; Sharp, D.H.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Extending soft sets with description logics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Molodtsov initiated the concept of soft set theory, which can be used as a generic mathematical tool for dealing with uncertainty. Description Logics (DLs) are a family of knowledge representation languages which can be used to represent the terminological ... Keywords: Description logics, Extended soft sets, Soft sets, Terminology

Yuncheng Jiang; Yong Tang; Qimai Chen; Ju Wang; Suqin Tang

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

SF STATE Extended Learning INFORMATION SYSTEMS (GIS)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, state agencies such as the Department of Fish and Game, and federal agencies such as the US ForestSF STATE Extended Learning 2013/2014 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS (GIS) at San Francisco State of environmental decision making is being increasingly relied upon by businesses and agencies in Northern

33

SF STATE Extended Learning SPANISH/ENGLISH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

skills necessary for service in the courts, in state agencies, and in the medical evaluation system and freelance for state agencies, health organiza- tions, private companies, law firms, and interpretingSF STATE Extended Learning 2013/2014 SPANISH/ENGLISH INTERPRETATION (SEI) ACADEMIC CERTIFICATE

34

Unification of Concept Terms --Extended Abstract --  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Unification of Concept Terms -- Extended Abstract -- Franz Baader \\Lambda LuFg Theoretical Computer of the domain can be described by concept terms, i.e., expressions that are built from atomic concepts (unary. The atomic concepts and concept terms represent sets of individuals, whereas roles represent binary relations

Baader, Franz

35

SF STATE Extended Learning EXECUTIVE CERTIFICATE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Participants in the certificate program must have a four-year degree or equivalent work experience. AnySF STATE Extended Learning 2013/2014 EXECUTIVE CERTIFICATE in FINANCIAL PLANNING PROGRAM FREE as a webcast. For exact dates and times, visit www.cel.sfsu.edu/financial. · Learn about the program · Meet

36

Quantum one-time programs (extended abstract)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum one-time programs (extended abstract) Anne Broadbent1 , Gus Gutoski2 , and Douglas Stebila3 1 Institute for Quantum Computing and Department of Combinatorics and Optimization University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada albroadb@iqc.ca 2 Institute for Quantum Computing and School

International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

37

RTP Control Protocol Extended Reports (RTCP XR)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document defines the Extended Report (XR) packet type for the RTP Control Protocol (RTCP), and defines how the use of XR packets can be signaled by an application if it employs the Session Description Protocol (SDP). XR packets are composed of ...

T. Friedman; R. Caceres; A. Clark

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

DOE Extends Public Comment Period for the Draft Uranium Leasing...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Other Agencies You are here Home DOE Extends Public Comment Period for the Draft Uranium Leasing Program Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement DOE Extends Public...

39

DOE Extends Public Comment Period for Uranium Program Environmental...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Other Agencies You are here Home DOE Extends Public Comment Period for Uranium Program Environmental Impact Statement DOE Extends Public Comment Period for Uranium...

40

Clinton Extends Moratorium on Nuclear Weapons Testing | National...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Weapons Testing Clinton Extends Moratorium on Nuclear Weapons Testing July 03, 1993 Washington, DC Clinton Extends Moratorium on Nuclear Weapons Testing President Clinton...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour epact05 extended" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

EIS-0403: Notice to Extend Public Comment Period | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Notice to Extend Public Comment Period EIS-0403: Notice to Extend Public Comment Period Solar Energy Development in Six Southwestern States The Department of Energy and the Bureau...

42

EIS-0403: Notice to Extend Public Scoping | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Scoping EIS-0403: Notice to Extend Public Scoping Solar Energy Development in Six Southwestern States DOE and BLM (the Agencies) extended the comment period for public scoping for...

43

60-DAY Federal Register Notice - Extended  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Extension Extension [6450-01-P] DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Agency Information Collection Extension AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy ACTION: Notice and Request for Comments SUMMARY: The Department of Energy (DOE), pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995), intends to extend for three years, an information collection request with the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). Comments are invited on: (a) whether the extended collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including whether the information shall have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency's estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information, including the validity of the methodology and assumptions used; (c) ways to

44

Optimizing Extender Code for NCSX Analyses  

SciTech Connect

Extender is a parallel C++ code for calculating the magnetic field in the vacuum region of a stellarator. The code was optimized for speed and augmented with tools to maintain a specialized NetCDF database. Two parallel algorithms were examined. An even-block work-distribution scheme was comparable in performance to a master-slave scheme. Large speedup factors were achieved by representing the plasma surface with a spline rather than Fourier series. The accuracy of this representation and the resulting calculations relied on the density of the spline mesh. The Fortran 90 module db access was written to make it easy to store Extender output in a manageable database. New or updated data can be added to existing databases. A generalized PBS job script handles the generation of a database from scratch

M. Richman, S. Ethier, and N. Pomphrey

2008-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

45

On chiral symmetry in extended nonlinear supersymmetry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the equations of the motion for Nambu-Goldstone (NG) fermions in the nonlinear representation of supersymmetry (NLSUSY) and show in N-extended NLSUSY that those equations under massless conditions are satisfied, provided the NG fermions are chiral eigenstates. The physical significance of the result is discussed in the context of NLSUSY general relativity through the relations between nonlinear and linear SUSY theories, which gives a new insight into the chiral symmetry for the low energy particle physics.

Kazunari Shima; Motomu Tsuda

2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

46

Extended Longitudinal Scaling: direct evidence of saturation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multiparticle production of charged particles at high energies exhibit the phenomenon of Limiting Fragmentation. Furthermore, the region in rapidity over which the production of particles appears to be independent of energy, increases with energy. It is argued that this phenomenon, known as Extended Longitudinal Scaling, is a direct manifestation of some kind of saturation, akin to that in the Color Glass Condensate picture of particle production.

Wit Busza

2011-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

47

Fastbus cable segment extender based on TTL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method to drive a FASTBUS cable segment over long distance is described. The signal level transmitted is converted from standard FASTBUS cable segment signal to a TTL differential output; the scheme increases noise immunity. In addition, the receiver has a wide tolerance of common mode range of +/-15 V. By applying a deskewing mechanism in the extender module, we have achieved more than 10/sup 10/ transactions of FASTBUS without any error with a cable length of 100 m.

Ikeda, H.; Yamauchi, M.

1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

From Electromagnetic Duality to Extended Electrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the transition from Classical Electrodynamics (CED) to Extended Electrodynamics (EED) from the electromagnetic duality point of view, and emphasizes the role of the canonical complex structure in ${\\cal R}^2$ in, both, nonrelativistic and relativistic formulations of CED and EED. We begin with summarizing the motivations for passing to EED, as well as we motivate and outline the way to be followed in pursuing the right extension of Maxwell equations. Further we give the nonrelativistic and relativistic approaches to the extension and give explicitly the new equations as well as some properties of the nonlinear vacuum solutions.

Donev, S

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

From Electromagnetic Duality to Extended Electrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the transition from Classical Electrodynamics (CED) to Extended Electrodynamics (EED) from the electromagnetic duality point of view, and emphasizes the role of the canonical complex structure in ${\\cal R}^2$ in, both, nonrelativistic and relativistic formulations of CED and EED. We begin with summarizing the motivations for passing to EED, as well as we motivate and outline the way to be followed in pursuing the right extension of Maxwell equations. Further we give the nonrelativistic and relativistic approaches to the extension and give explicitly the new equations as well as some properties of the nonlinear vacuum solutions.

Stoil Donev

2001-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

50

Polymers in anisotropic environment with extended defects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The conformational properties of flexible polymers in d dimensions in environments with extended defects are analyzed both analytically and numerically. We consider the case, when structural defects are correlated in \\varepsilon_d dimensions and randomly distributed in the remaining d-\\varepsilon_d. Within the lattice model of self-avoiding random walks (SAW), we apply the pruned enriched Rosenbluth method (PERM) and find the estimates for scaling exponents and universal shape parameters of polymers in environment with parallel rod-like defects (\\varepsilon_d=1). An analytical description of the model is developed within the des Cloizeaux direct polymer renormalization scheme.

V. Blavatska; K. Haydukivska

2012-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

51

Extending Document Summarization to Information Graphics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Information graphics (non-pictorial graphics such as bar charts or line graphs) are an important component of multimedia documents. Often such graphics convey information that is not contained elsewhere in the document. Thus document summarization must be extended to include summarization of information graphics. This paper addresses our work on graphic summarization. It argues that the message that the graphic designer intended to convey must play a major role in determining the content of the summary, and it outlines our approach to identifying this intended message and using it to construct the summary. 1

Ra Carberry; Stephanie Elzer; Nancy Green; Kathleen Mccoy; Daniel Chester

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Querying Incomplete Data over Extended ER Schemata  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since Chen's Entity-Relationship (ER) model, conceptual modeling has been playing a fundamental role in relational data design. In this paper we consider an extended ER (EER) model enriched with cardinality constraints, disjointness assertions, and is-a relations among both entities and relationships. In this setting, we consider the case of incomplete data, which is likely to occur, for instance, when data from different sources are integrated. In such a context, we address the problem of providing correct answers to conjunctive queries by reasoning on the schema. Based on previous results about decidability of the problem, we provide a query answering algorithm that performs rewriting of the initial query into a recursive Datalog query encoding the information about the schema. We finally show extensions to more general settings.

Cali, Andrea

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

The Physics Case for Extended Tevatron Running  

SciTech Connect

Run II of the Tevatron collider at Fermilab is currently scheduled to end late in 2011. Given the current performance of the collider and of the CDF and D0 detectors, it is estimated that the current data set could be approximately doubled with a run extended into 2014. A few examples are presented of the physics potential of these additional statistics. These are discussed in the context of the expected reach of the LHC 7 TeV data and the existing Tevatron data. In particular, an extraordinary opportunity is described which could probe the existence of a standard model Higgs boson with mass in the currently preferred region between 115 GeV and 150 GeV.

Wood, Darien R.

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Dynamical Extended Range Forecasting (DERF) at the National Meteorological Center  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Early results are presented of an experimental program in Dynamical Extended Range Forecasting at the National Meteorological Center. The primary objective of this program is to assess the feasibility of extending operational numerical weather ...

M. Steven Tracton; Kingtse Mo; Wilbur Chen; Eugenia Kalnay; Robert Kistler; Glenn White

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Low power image based triggering for extended operation surveillance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is desirable for many surveillance applications to have a portable high quality imaging system capable of continuous monitoring in remote locations, often for extended periods of time. Extended operation can be achieved ...

Waldon, Matthew C., 1981-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Extended-Range Atmospheric Prediction and the Lorenz Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The physical basis for extended-range prediction is explored using the famous three-component Lorenz convection model, taken as a conceptual representation of the chaotic extratropical circulation, and extended by coupling to a linear oscillator ...

T. N. Palmer

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Developing a Regulatory Framework for Extended Storage and Transportat...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Storage and Transportation Developing a Regulatory Framework for Extended Storage and Transportation Outline: Current Regulatory Framework Future Regulatory Needs Technical...

58

Extending the Sensitivity of Air Cerenkov Telescopes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Over the last decade, the Imaging Air Cerenkov technique has proven itself to be an extremely powerful means to study very energetic gamma-radiation from a number of astrophysical sources in a regime which is not practically accessible to satellite-based instruments. The further development of this approach in recent years has generally concentrated on increasing the density of camera pixels, increasing the mirror area and using multiple telescopes. Here we present a practical method to substantially improve the sensitivity of Atmospheric Cerenkov Telescopes using wide-field cameras with a relatively course density of photomultiplier tubes. The 2-telescope design considered here is predicted to be more than ~3 times more sensitive than existing/planned arrays in the regime above 300 GeV for continuously emitting sources; up to ~10 times more sensitive for hour-scale emission (relevant for episodic sources, such as AGN); significantly more sensitive in the regime above 10 TeV; and possessing a sky coverage which is roughly an order of magnitude larger than existing instruments. It should be possible to extend this approach for even further improvement in sensitivity and sky coverage.

I. de la Calle Perez; S. D. Biller

2006-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

59

Tempest gas turbine extends EGT product line  

SciTech Connect

With the introduction of the 7.8 MW (mechanical output) Tempest gas turbine, ECT has extended the company`s line of its small industrial turbines. The new Tempest machine, featuring a 7.5 MW electric output and a 33% thermal efficiency, ranks above the company`s single-shaft Typhoon gas turbine, rated 3.2 and 4.9 MW, and the 6.3 MW Tornado gas turbine. All three machines are well-suited for use in combined heat and power (CHP) plants, as demonstrated by the fact that close to 50% of the 150 Typhoon units sold are for CHP applications. This experience has induced EGT, of Lincoln, England, to announce the introduction of the new gas turbine prior to completion of the testing program. The present single-shaft machine is expected to be used mainly for industrial trial cogeneration. This market segment, covering the needs of paper mills, hospitals, chemical plants, ceramic industry, etc., is a typical local market. Cogeneration plants are engineered according to local needs and have to be assisted by local organizations. For this reason, to efficiently cover the world market, EGT has selected a number of associates that will receive from Lincoln completely engineered machine packages and will engineer the cogeneration system according to custom requirements. These partners will also assist the customer and dispose locally of the spares required for maintenance operations.

Chellini, R.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Extended quintessence with an exponential coupling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study a class of extended quintessence cosmologies where the scalar field playing the role of the dark energy is exponentially coupled to the Ricci scalar. We find that the dynamics induced by the effective gravitational potential in the Klein-Gordon equation dominates the motion of the field in the early universe. The resulting "R-boost" trajectory is characterized by a kinetic dark energy density, given by [3\\rhomnr0(1+z)]^2 [ 32 rhor0 omegaJBD0]^(-1), where omegaJBD0, rhor0 and rhomnr0 are calculated at present, and represent the Jordan Brans Dicke parameter, the density of relativistic matter and of those species which are non-relativistic at redshift z, respectively. We show that such a trajectory represents an attractor, equivalent to a tracking solution with equation of state w=-1/3, providing a large basin of attraction for the initial dark energy density regardless of the properties of the potential energy yielding acceleration today. We derive the up to date constraints from Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) on the present scenario, and we show that they are largely satisfied for interesting trajectories of the dark energy scalar field in the early universe. We compute the cosmological perturbation spectra in these cosmologies. For a fixed value of omegaJBD0, the projection and Integrated Sachs-Wolfe effects on the cosmic microwave background anisotropy are considerably larger in the exponential case with respect to a quadratic non-minimal coupling, reflecting the fact that the effective gravitational constant depends exponentially on the dynamics of the field.

Valeria Pettorino; Carlo Baccigalupi; Gianpiero Mangano

2004-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

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61

Downscaling Extended Weather Forecasts for Hydrologic Prediction  

SciTech Connect

Weather and climate forecasts are critical inputs to hydrologic forecasting systems. The National Center for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) issues 8-15 days outlook daily for the U.S. based on the Medium Range Forecast (MRF) model, which is a global model applied at about 2? spatial resolution. Because of the relatively coarse spatial resolution, weather forecasts produced by the MRF model cannot be applied directly to hydrologic forecasting models that require high spatial resolution to represent land surface hydrology. A mesoscale atmospheric model was used to dynamically downscale the 1-8 day extended global weather forecasts to test the feasibility of hydrologic forecasting through this model nesting approach. Atmospheric conditions of each 8-day forecast during the period 1990-2000 were used to provide initial and boundary conditions for the mesoscale model to produce an 8-day atmospheric forecast for the western U.S. at 30 km spatial resolution. To examine the impact of initialization of the land surface state on forecast skill, two sets of simulations were performed with the land surface state initialized based on the global forecasts versus land surface conditions from a continuous mesoscale simulation driven by the NCEP reanalysis. Comparison of the skill of the global and downscaled precipitation forecasts in the western U.S. showed higher skill for the downscaled forecasts at all precipitation thresholds and increasingly larger differences at the larger thresholds. Analyses of the surface temperature forecasts show that the mesoscale forecasts generally reduced the root-mean-square error by about 1.5 C compared to the global forecasts, because of the much better resolved topography at 30 km spatial resolution. In addition, initialization of the land surface states has large impacts on the temperature forecasts, but not the precipitation forecasts. The improvements in forecast skill using downscaling could be potentially significant for improving hydrologic forecasts for managing river basins.

Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Qian, Yun

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Department of Energy Announces Intent to Extend Hanford Site Contract |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy Announces Intent to Extend Hanford Site Department of Energy Announces Intent to Extend Hanford Site Contract Department of Energy Announces Intent to Extend Hanford Site Contract April 25, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contact Cameron Hardy, DOE (509) 376-5365, Cameron.Hardy@rl.doe.gov RICHLAND, Wash. - The Department of Energy (DOE) plans to extend CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company's contract for environmental cleanup at the Hanford Site by another five years. In 2008, following a competitive bid, DOE awarded CH2M HILL a cost-plus, award-fee contract valued at approximately $4.5 billion over ten years, including a five-year base period with the option to extend the contract for another five years. DOE evaluated whether or not extending the contract was in the best interest of the government.

63

DOE intends to extend the Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE intends to extend the Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project contract for four months as competition for long-term contract continues. Scene from inside the Advanced Mixed...

64

Uranium Leasing Program Draft PEIS Public Comment Period Extended...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Centers Field Sites Power Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Uranium Leasing Program Draft PEIS Public Comment Period Extended to May 31, 2013 Uranium...

65

Upper crustal faulting in an obliquely extending orogen, structural...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

faulting in an obliquely extending orogen, structural control on permeability and production in the Coso Geothermal Field, eastern California Jump to: navigation, search...

66

The Extended Q-Range Small Angle Neutron Scattering ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, The Extended Q-Range Small Angle Neutron Scattering Diffractometer (EQ-SANS) at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) is a high intensity ...

67

Lattice based extended formulations for integer linear equality systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feb 28, 2007 ... Lattice based extended formulations for integer linear equality systems. Karen Aardal (karen.aardal ***at*** cwi.nl) Laurence A. Wolsey (wolsey ...

68

Clinton Extends Moratorium on Nuclear Weapons Testing | National...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Clinton Extends Moratorium on Nuclear Weapons Testing | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear...

69

Extended Electrodynamics I. Basic Notions, Principles and Equations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper aims to present an elaborate view on the motivation and realization of the idea to extend Maxwell's electrodynamics to Extended Electrodynamics in a reasonable and appropriate way in order to make it possible to describe electromagnetic (3+1)-soliton-like objects in vacuum and in the presence of continuous media (external fields), exchanging energy-momentum with the electromagnetic field.

S. Donev; M. Tashkova

1997-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

70

Extended Fuzzy Logic Programs with Fuzzy Answer Set Semantics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper extends fuzzy logic programs [12, 24] to allow the explicit representation of classical negation as well as non-monotonic negation, by introducing the notion of extended fuzzy logic programs. We present the fuzzy answer set semantics for the ...

Emad Saad

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

CHI '06 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Welcome to the CHI 2006 Extended Abstracts. We hope that you will enjoy this year's extended abstracts and the changes that we have made. For the first time this year, we encouraged submissions from six different sub-communities of the human-computer ...

Gary Olson; Robin Jeffries

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Design, implementation and testing of extended and mixed precision BLAS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article describes the design rationale, a C implementation, and conformance testing of a subset of the new Standard for the BLAS (Basic Linear Algebra Subroutines): Extended and Mixed Precision BLAS. Permitting higher internal precision and mixed ... Keywords: BLAS, double-double arithmetic, extended and mixed precision

Xiaoye S. Li; James W. Demmel; David H. Bailey; Greg Henry; Yozo Hida; Jimmy Iskandar; William Kahan; Suh Y. Kang; Anil Kapur; Michael C. Martin; Brandon J. Thompson; Teresa Tung; Daniel J. Yoo

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Restoration of audio documents by means of extended Kalman filter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present some results on audio restoration obtained with an algorithm that solves the problems of broadband noise filtering, signal parameters tracking, and impulsive noise removal by using the Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) theory. We show that, to ... Keywords: Kalman filtering, audio restoration, audio signal processing, extended Kalman filter (EKF), identification of time-varying autoregressive processes

Sergio Canazza; Giovanni De Poli; Gian Antonio Mian

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Management Alert - Extended Assignments at Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Extended Assignments at Princeton Extended Assignments at Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory DOE/IG-0864 May 2012 U.S. Department of Energy Office of Inspector General Office of Audits and Inspections Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 May 17, 2012 MEMORANDUM FOR THE SECRETARY FROM: Gregory H. Friedman Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Management Alert on "Extended Assignments at Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory" BACKGROUND Princeton University operates the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (Princeton) under a contract with the Department of Energy's Office of Science. Princeton works with partners around the world to develop fusion as an energy source. The Laboratory's annual operating costs

75

Notice of OMB Action Approving DOE Submission to Extend Information  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

OMB Action Approving DOE Submission to Extend Information OMB Action Approving DOE Submission to Extend Information Collection Request Title: OE Recovery Act Financial Assistance Grants Notice of OMB Action Approving DOE Submission to Extend Information Collection Request Title: OE Recovery Act Financial Assistance Grants The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has issued a Notice of OMB Action approving the Department of Energy's request to extend for three years the Information Collection Request Title: OE Recovery Act Financial Assistance Grants, OMB Control No. 1910-5149 that DOE is developing for submission to OMB pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. Supporting documentation for the request was submitted in September and October, 2011. Comments were due on or before November 7, 2011. ICR Supporting Statement (PDF). OMB Form 83-I (PDF). SGIG Reporting Guidance

76

Department of Energy Extends Renewable Energy Loan Guarantee Solicitation |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Extends Renewable Energy Loan Guarantee Extends Renewable Energy Loan Guarantee Solicitation Department of Energy Extends Renewable Energy Loan Guarantee Solicitation August 20, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Secretary Steven Chu announced today that the Department of Energy is extending the application deadline for the July 2009 energy efficiency, renewable energy and advanced transmission and distribution technologies solicitation. The Round 8, Part 1 application deadline is October 5, 2010. This gives companies an additional six weeks to apply for a loan guarantee under Section 1703, and if qualified, under Section 1705, provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. "The Department is committed to bringing as many commercial renewable projects online as possible to help us meet our clean energy goals and

77

Department of Energy Extends Renewable Energy Loan Guarantee Solicitation |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Extends Renewable Energy Loan Guarantee Extends Renewable Energy Loan Guarantee Solicitation Department of Energy Extends Renewable Energy Loan Guarantee Solicitation August 5, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Please view the UPDATED PRESS RELEASE for the most currently information. WASHINGTON, DC - Secretary Steven Chu announced today that the Department of Energy is extending the application deadline for the July 2009 energy efficiency, renewable energy and advanced transmission and distribution technologies solicitation. The Round 8, Part 1 application deadline is October 5, 2010. This gives companies an additional six weeks to apply for a loan guarantee under Section 1705, provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. "The Department is committed to bringing as many commercial renewable

78

Extended Edited Synoptic Cloud Reports from Ships and Land Stations...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Extended Edited Synoptic Cloud Reports from Ships and Land Stations Over the Globe, 1952-2009 (NDP-026C) Data graphic Data Files PDF graphic Original NDP-026C Documentation PDF...

79

Extended core for motor/generator - Energy Innovation Portal  

An extended stator core in a motor/generator can be utilized to mitigate losses in end regions of the core and a frame of the motor/generator. To mitigate the losses ...

80

DOE Extends Comment Period on Certification and Enforcement Notice of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Certification and Enforcement Notice Certification and Enforcement Notice of Proposed Rulemaking DOE Extends Comment Period on Certification and Enforcement Notice of Proposed Rulemaking October 15, 2010 - 10:22am Addthis In response to a formal request, the Department has extended to October 29, 2010, the deadline for submission of comments in response to the Notice or Proposed Rulemaking on the certification and enforcement of the Department's energy conservation standards. (75 FR 56796). The signed extension provided here will be published shortly in the Federal Register. Addthis Related Articles DOE Extends Comment Period on Notice of Inquiry Under the Energy Independence and Security Act DOE Extends Comment Period on Notice of Inquiry Under the Energy Independence and Security Act Department of Energy Issues Final Rule on Loan Guarantees

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour epact05 extended" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

DOE Media Advisory - DOE extends public comment period on Draft  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Media Advisory - DOE extends public comment period on Draft Media Advisory - DOE extends public comment period on Draft Environmental Assessment for Replacement Capability for Disposal of Remote-Handled Low-Level Radioactive Waste Generated at the U.S. Department of Energy's Idaho Site DOE Media Advisory - DOE extends public comment period on Draft Environmental Assessment for Replacement Capability for Disposal of Remote-Handled Low-Level Radioactive Waste Generated at the U.S. Department of Energy's Idaho Site October 13, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contact Tim Jackson 208-526-8484 In response to requests from people interested in National Environmental Policy Act activities occurring at the U.S. Department of Energy's Idaho Operations Office, the department has extended the public comment period that began September 1 on the Draft Environmental Assessment for

82

Successful Oil and Gas Technology Transfer Program Extended to 2015 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Successful Oil and Gas Technology Transfer Program Extended to 2015 Successful Oil and Gas Technology Transfer Program Extended to 2015 Successful Oil and Gas Technology Transfer Program Extended to 2015 June 23, 2010 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - The Stripper Well Consortium (SWC) - a program that has successfully provided and transferred technological advances to small, independent oil and gas operators over the past nine years - has been extended to 2015 by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). An industry-driven consortium initiated in 2000, SWC's goal is to keep "stripper wells" productive in an environmentally safe manner, maximizing the recovery of domestic hydrocarbon resources. The consortium is managed and administered by The Pennsylvania State University on behalf of DOE; the Office of Fossil Energy's (FE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL)

83

Department of Energy Extends Public Comment Period | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy Extends Public Comment Period Department of Energy Extends Public Comment Period Department of Energy Extends Public Comment Period September 29, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Darwin J. Morgan morgan@nv.doe.gov 702-295-3521 Kelly K. Snyder snyderk@nv.doe.gov 702-295-3521 In response to public comments and requests, the U.S. Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office is extending the public comment period for the Draft Site-Wide Environmental Impact Statement (SWEIS) for the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) and Off-Site Locations in Nevada. The formal comment period will close on December 2, 2011, rather than October 27. Within the draft SWEIS, the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office presents a formal analysis of

84

Clinton Extends Moratorium on Nuclear Weapons Testing | National Nuclear  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Clinton Extends Moratorium on Nuclear Weapons Testing | National Nuclear Clinton Extends Moratorium on Nuclear Weapons Testing | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Our History > NNSA Timeline > Clinton Extends Moratorium on Nuclear Weapons Testing Clinton Extends Moratorium on Nuclear Weapons Testing July 03, 1993 Washington, DC

85

Department of Energy Extends Public Comment Period | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy Extends Public Comment Period Department of Energy Extends Public Comment Period Department of Energy Extends Public Comment Period September 29, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Darwin J. Morgan morgan@nv.doe.gov 702-295-3521 Kelly K. Snyder snyderk@nv.doe.gov 702-295-3521 In response to public comments and requests, the U.S. Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office is extending the public comment period for the Draft Site-Wide Environmental Impact Statement (SWEIS) for the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) and Off-Site Locations in Nevada. The formal comment period will close on December 2, 2011, rather than October 27. Within the draft SWEIS, the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office presents a formal analysis of

86

Extending the BLEU MT evaluation method with frequency weightings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the results of an experiment on extending the automatic method of Machine Translation evaluation BLUE with statistical weights for lexical items, such as tf.idf scores. We show that this extension gives additional information about evaluated ...

Bogdan Babych; Anthony Hartley

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

A low-power-extended-linear-range magnetic levitator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, I designed and built analog circuits to extend the linear range of a magnetic levitator. Analog Devices AD633 multipliers are used to implement nonlinear terms which compensate for the electromagnet and ...

Johnson, Rayal St. Patrick

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

One-Electron Reduction of an "Extended Viologen"  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pawel Rempala, and Josef Michl J. Phys. Chem. B, 109, 10862-10869 (2005). Find paper at ACS Publications Abstract: One-electron reduction of the "extended viologen" dication 1...

89

Extending the entity grid with entity-specific features  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We extend the popular entity grid representation for local coherence modeling. The grid abstracts away information about the entities it models; we add discourse prominence, named entity type and coreference features to distinguish between important ...

Micha Eisner; Eugene Charniak

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Extended outages at several nuclear plants led to high outage ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Outages at U.S. nuclear power plants so far in 2012 are generally higher than in recent years because of extended forced outages at four nuclear power plants.

91

Moist Dynamics of Extended Monsoon Breaks over South Asia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the present research to identify moist processes that initiate and maintain extended monsoon breaks over South Asia moisture and moist static energy (MSE) budgets are performed on the newly available European Centre for Medium-Range Weather ...

V. Prasanna; H. Annamalai

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage Systems for Extended...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage Systems for Extended Long Term Storage and Transportation of Used Fuel Rev0 Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage Systems for...

93

An Extended Model for the Potential Intensity of Tropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emanuel’s theory of hurricane potential intensity (E-PI) makes use of the assumption that slantwise convective instability vanishes in a steady-state vortex of a tropical cyclone. In the framework of an extended mathematical potential intensity ...

Thomas Frisius; Daria Schönemann

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

CHI '05 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On behalf of the Technical Program Committee, welcome to the CHI 2005 conference DVD! The Extended Abstracts portion of this disc includes submissions from all conference venues except Papers (which you can find in the Conference Proceedings section). ...

Gerrit van der Veer; Carolyn Gale

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Accelerating the development of complex products in extended enterprises  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines strategies to accelerate product development in a large commercial aerospace program structured as an extended enterprise where first and second tier suppliers perform most of the detailed product ...

Dawson, Benjamin Alan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Racoro Extended-Term Aircraft Observations of Boundary Layer Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A first-of-a-kind, extended-term cloud aircraft campaign was conducted to obtain an in situ statistical characterization of continental boundary layer clouds needed to investigate cloud processes and refine retrieval algorithms. Coordinated by the ...

Andrew M. Vogelmann; Greg M. McFarquhar; John A. Ogren; David D. Turner; Jennifer M. Comstock; Graham Feingold; Charles N. Long; Haflidi H. Jonsson; Anthony Bucholtz; Don R. Collins; Glenn S. Diskin; Hermann Gerber; R. Paul Lawson; Roy K. Woods; Elisabeth Andrews; Hee-Jung Yang; J. Christine Chiu; Daniel Hartsock; John M. Hubbe; Chaomei Lo; Alexander Marshak; Justin W. Monroe; Sally A. McFarlane; Beat Schmid; Jason M. Tomlinson; Tami Toto

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Extended versus Ensemble Kalman Filtering for Land Data Assimilation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The performance of the extended Kalman filter (EKF) and the ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) are assessed for soil moisture estimation. In a twin experiment for the southeastern United States synthetic observations of near-surface soil moisture are ...

Rolf H. Reichle; Jeffrey P. Walker; Randal D. Koster; Paul R. Houser

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Extended cage adjustable speed electric motors and drive packages  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The rotor cage of a motor is extended, a second stator is coupled to this extended rotor cage, and the windings have the same number of poles. The motor torque and speed can be controlled by either injecting energy into or extracting energy out from the rotor cage. The motor produces less harmonics than existing doubly-fed motors. Consequently, a new type of low cost, high efficiency drive is produced.

Hsu, John S. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Extended cage adjustable speed electric motors and drive packages  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The rotor cage of a motor is extended, a second stator is coupled to this extended rotor cage, and the windings have the same number of poles. The motor torque and speed can be controlled by either injecting energy into or extracting energy out from the rotor cage. The motor produces less harmonics than existing doubly-fed motors. Consequently, a new type of low cost, high efficiency drive is produced. 12 figs.

Hsu, J.S.

1999-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

100

Upper crustal structure of an obliquely extending orogen, central Coso  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

structure of an obliquely extending orogen, central Coso structure of an obliquely extending orogen, central Coso Range, eastern California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Upper crustal structure of an obliquely extending orogen, central Coso Range, eastern California Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The Coso Range is an extensional domain in a releasing stepover between major dextral strike-slip faults along the southeastern margin of the Sierra Nevada Microplate. New multifold seismic reflection data from the Coso geothermal field in the central Coso Range image reflectors that resemble suites of structural and magmatic features exposed in many exhumed metamorphic core complexes (MCC). The Coso Wash Fault, a Holocene-active normal fault that is a locus of surface geothermal activity, is imaged as a

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour epact05 extended" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Construction or Extended Operation of Nuclear Plant (Vermont) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Construction or Extended Operation of Nuclear Plant (Vermont) Construction or Extended Operation of Nuclear Plant (Vermont) Construction or Extended Operation of Nuclear Plant (Vermont) < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Utility Program Info State Vermont Program Type Siting and Permitting Any petition for approval of construction of a nuclear energy generating plant within the state, or any petition for approval of the operation of a nuclear energy generating plant beyond the date established in a certificate of public good issued under this title, must be submitted to the public service board no later than four years before the date upon which the approval may take effect. Upon receipt of a petition for approval of construction or operation as provided under this section, the public service board shall notify the

102

LEP: Extending stockpile life | Y-12 National Security Complex  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LEP: Extending stockpile ... LEP: Extending stockpile ... LEP: Extending stockpile life Posted: February 7, 2013 - 6:10pm | Y-12 Report | Volume 9, Issue 2 | 2013 The Life Extension Program allows safe, effective weapons to remain in the stockpile well beyond their original service life. Nuclear weapons are intricate and, in a sense, handmade devices that cannot be stored indefinitely - and be expected to function - without ongoing care and maintenance. Weapon components periodically require evaluation and replacement. Fifteen years ago the Life Extension Program, or LEP, funded by Defense Programs, was established to care for and prolong the safety and effectiveness of the nuclear stockpile. Today Y-12 and other sites across the Nuclear Security Enterprise collaborate in that effort.

103

EIA - AEO2010 - No Sunset and Extended Policies cases  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

No Sunset and Extended Policies cases No Sunset and Extended Policies cases Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 No Sunset and Extended Policies cases Background The AEO2010 Reference case is best described as a “current laws and regulations” case, because it generally assumes that existing laws and fully promulgated regulations will remain unchanged throughout the projection period, unless the legislation establishing them specifically calls for them to end or change. The Reference case often serves as a starting point for the analysis of proposed legislative or regulatory changes, a task that would be difficult if the Reference case included “projected” legislative or regulatory changes. As might be expected, it is sometimes difficult to draw a line between what should be included or excluded from the Reference case. Areas of particular uncertainty include:

104

Technology to Extend Battery Life Coming Soon | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technology to Extend Battery Life Coming Soon Technology to Extend Battery Life Coming Soon Technology to Extend Battery Life Coming Soon December 7, 2009 - 9:46am Addthis Joshua DeLung What are the key facts? A firm in Albany, New York is developing a clean source of energy -- fuel cells -- for portable electronics. A cost-sharing award through the Recovery Acy will help MTI demonstrate a commercially viable, methanol fuel cell-powered charger for the consumer electronics market. Many Americans across the country rely on handheld devices each day to get their jobs done or stay in touch with friends and family, and now some companies are pushing technologies that power that hardware from concept to reality faster than ever. One such firm in Albany, N.Y., has developed a clean source of energy for portable electronics designed for anybody

105

Upper crustal faulting in an obliquely extending orogen, structural control  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

faulting in an obliquely extending orogen, structural control faulting in an obliquely extending orogen, structural control on permeability and production in the Coso Geothermal Field, eastern California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Upper crustal faulting in an obliquely extending orogen, structural control on permeability and production in the Coso Geothermal Field, eastern California Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: New multifold seismic reflection data from the Coso geothermal field in the central Coso Range, eastern California, image brittle faults and other structures in a zone of localized crustal extension between two major strike-slip faults. The Coso Wash fault, a Quaternary-active normal fault that is a locus of surface geothermal activity, is well-imaged as a

106

Extended Linear Response for Bioanalytical Applications Using Multiple Enzymes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a framework for optimizing a novel approach to extending the linear range of bioanalytical systems and biosensors by utilizing two enzymes with different kinetic responses to the input chemical as their substrate. Data for the flow-injection amperometric system devised for detection of lysine based on the function of L-Lysine-alpha-Oxidase and Lysine-2-monooxygenase are analyzed. Lysine is a homotropic substrate for the latter enzyme. We elucidate the mechanism for extending the linear response range and develop optimization techniques for future applications of such systems.

Privman, Vladimir; Simonian, Aleksandr

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Extended Linear Response for Bioanalytical Applications Using Multiple Enzymes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a framework for optimizing a novel approach to extending the linear range of bioanalytical systems and biosensors by utilizing two enzymes with different kinetic responses to the input chemical as their substrate. Data for the flow-injection amperometric system devised for detection of lysine based on the function of L-Lysine-alpha-Oxidase and Lysine-2-monooxygenase are analyzed. Lysine is a homotropic substrate for the latter enzyme. We elucidate the mechanism for extending the linear response range and develop optimization techniques for future applications of such systems.

Vladimir Privman; Oleksandr Zavalov; Aleksandr Simonian

2013-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

108

Extended, Continuous Pt Nanostructures in Thick, Dispersed Electrodes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bryan Pivovar (PI) Bryan Pivovar (PI) National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sept 30, 2009 Extended, Continuous Pt Nanostructures in Thick, Dispersed Electrodes This presentation does not contain any proprietary, confidential, or otherwise restricted information Objectives To assist the DOE Fuel Cell Technologies (FCT) Program in meeting cost, durability, and performance targets in the areas of Electrocatalysts and MEAs. Approach: Novel Synthesis and Electrode Studies Pt nanotubes (UC-R) Pt coated carbon nanotubes Synthesis of novel catalysts based on extended surfaces due to 3M's demonstrated improvements in specific activity and durability using similar systems. Electrode architecture design, based on novel catalyst structures that allow thick (~10 µm), dispersed electrodes to

109

Extending Mobile Computer Battery Life through Energy-Aware Adaptation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

supply and demand, providing a history of past energy usage, and soliciting user preferences. The system of application energy usage. It describes how the history of energy usage allows the system to support a widerExtending Mobile Computer Battery Life through Energy-Aware Adaptation Jason Flinn CMU-CS-01

110

The Extended Higgs System in $R$-symmetric Supersymmetry Theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Higgs sector is extended in $R$-symmetric supersymmetry theories by two iso-doublets $R_{d,u}$ which complement the standard iso-doublets $H_{d,u}$. We have analyzed masses and interactions of these novel states and describe their [non-standard] decay modes and their production channels at the LHC and $e^+e^-$ colliders.

S. Y. Choi; D. Choudhury; A. Freitas; J. Kalinowski; P. M. Zerwas

2010-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

111

US Biofuels Baseline and impact of extending the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

June 2011 US Biofuels Baseline and impact of extending the $0.45 ethanol blenders baseline projections for agricultural and biofuel markets.1 That baseline assumed current biofuel policy for cellulosic biofuels was assumed to expire at the end of 2012. This report compares a slightly modified

Noble, James S.

112

State estimation in bioprocesses: extended Kalman filter vs. neural network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In biotechnology the demand for process control strategies has increased during the last decades. As fermentation processes become more and more complex, increasing requirements are posed to the control tools. A high-level process control depends on ... Keywords: streptococcus thermophilus, bio-engineering, extended Kalman filter, neural networks, state estimation

J. Hörrmann; D. Barth; M. Kräling; H. Röck

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Does increasing model stratospheric resolution improve extended range forecast skill?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Does increasing model stratospheric resolution improve extended range forecast skill? Greg Roff,1 forecast skill at high Southern latitudes is explored. Ensemble forecasts are made for two model configurations that differ only in vertical resolution above 100 hPa. An ensemble of twelve 30day forecasts

114

An extended level set method for shape and topology optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the conventional level set methods are extended as an effective approach for shape and topology optimization by the introduction of the radial basis functions (RBFs). The RBF multiquadric splines are used to construct the implicit level ... Keywords: Extension velocity, Gradient-based optimization, Level set method, Radial basis functions, Shape optimization, Topology optimization

S. Y. Wang; K. M. Lim; B. C. Khoo; M. Y. Wang

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Extending object-oriented databases for fuzzy information modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, based on possibility distribution and the semantic measure of fuzzy data, we introduce an extended object-oriented database model to handle imperfect as well as complex objects in the real world. Some major notions in object-oriented databases ... Keywords: fuzzy data, fuzzy object-oriented database model, object-oriented databases, operations, semantic measure

Z. M. Ma; W. J. Zhang; W. Y. Ma

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

The classically conformal B - L extended standard model  

SciTech Connect

I investigated the minimal B - L extended SM with classically conformal symmetry. The baryogenesis is realized thorough the resonant leptogenesis. I found that a fixed CP-phase can simultaneously reproduce all neutrino oscillation data and the observed baryon asymmetry in the present Universe.

Orikasa, Yuta

2012-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

117

Figure 15. Renewable electricity generation in three cases ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 15. Renewable electricity generation in three cases, 2005-2040 (billion kilowatthours) Extended Policies No Sunset ...

118

Figure 17. Electricity generation from natural gas in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 17. Electricity generation from natural gas in three cases, 2005-2040 (billion kilowatthours) Extended Policies No Sunset

119

Extending current energy policies would reduce U.S. energy use ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The Extended Policies case, released today as part of EIA's Annual Energy Outlook 2013 (AEO2013), shows that extending certain federal energy ...

120

DOE Extends Public Comment Period for Uranium Program Environmental Impact  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Uranium Program Environmental Uranium Program Environmental Impact Statement DOE Extends Public Comment Period for Uranium Program Environmental Impact Statement April 18, 2013 - 1:08pm Addthis Contractor, Bob Darr, S.M. Stoller Corporation Public Affairs, (720) 377-9672, ULinfo@lm.doe.gov GRAND JUNCTION, Colo. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced that the public comment period for the Draft Uranium Leasing Program Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (ULP PEIS) has been extended to May 31, 2013. Under the Uranium Leasing Program, DOE's Office of Legacy Management manages 31 tracts of land in Mesa, Montrose, and San Miguel counties in Colorado - approximately 25,000 acres - that are leased to private entities for uranium and vanadium mining. No mining operations are active

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour epact05 extended" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Extended-Lorentz Quantum-Cosmology Symmetry Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Unitarily representable by transformations of Milne quantum-universe (MQU) Hilbert-space vectors is a 9-parameter 'extended-Lorentz' Lie group whose algebra comprises 9 conserved MQU-constituent ('quc') attributes: electric charge, energy, spirality, 3-vector momentum and 3-vector angular momentum. Commutation with the full symmetry algebra by the 3-element Lorentz-extending sub-algebra identifies any quc by its (permanent) trio of charge, spirality and energy integers. Milne's redshift-specifying 'universe age' is invariant under the MQU symmetry group. Also invariant is the (elsewhere specified) universe hamiltonian--a self-adjoint age-dependent Hilbert-space operator (not a symmetry-algebra member) that generates universe evolution with increasing age through a 'Schrodinger' (first-order) differential equation.

Chew, Geoffrey F

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Extended-Lorentz Quantum-Cosmology Symmetry Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Unitarily representable by transformations of Milne quantum-universe (MQU) Hilbert-space vectors is a 9-parameter 'extended-Lorentz' Lie group whose algebra comprises 9 conserved MQU-constituent ('quc') attributes: electric charge, energy, spirality, 3-vector momentum and 3-vector angular momentum. Commutation with the full symmetry algebra by the 3-element Lorentz-extending sub-algebra identifies any quc by its (permanent) trio of charge, spirality and energy integers. Milne's redshift-specifying 'universe age' is invariant under the MQU symmetry group. Also invariant is the (elsewhere specified) universe hamiltonian--a self-adjoint age-dependent Hilbert-space operator (not a symmetry-algebra member) that generates universe evolution with increasing age through a 'Schrodinger' (first-order) differential equation.

Geoffrey F. Chew

2013-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

123

Risk Impact Assessment of Extended Integrated Leak Rate Testing Intervals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents a risk impact assessment for extending integrated leak rate test (ILRT) surveillance intervals to 15 years. The assessment demonstrates that on an industry-wide basis there is small risk associated with the extension, provided that the performance bases and defense-in-depth are maintained. There is an obvious benefit in not performing costly, critical-path, time-consuming tests that provide a limited benefit from a risk perspective.

2008-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

124

Extended Poincare supersymmetry in three dimensions and supersymmetric anyons  

SciTech Connect

We classify the unitary representations of the extended Poincare supergroups in three dimensions. Irreducible unitary representations of any spin can appear, which correspond to supersymmetric anyons. Our results also show that all irreducible unitary representations necessarily have physical momenta. This is in sharp contrast to the ordinary Poincare group that admits in addition irreducible unitary representations with nonphysical momenta, which are discarded on physical grounds.

Chaichian, M.; Tureanu, A. [Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 64, 00014 Helsinki (Finland) and School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Sydney, Sydney (Australia); Zhang, R. B. [School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Sydney, Sydney (Australia)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

125

Invariants of Lie algebras extended over commutative algebras without unit.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We establish results about the second cohomology with coefficients in the trivial module, symmetric invariant bilinear forms and derivations of a Lie algebra extended over a commutative associative algebra without unit. These results provide a simple unified approach to a number of questions treated earlier in completely separated ways: periodization of semisimple Lie algebras (Anna Larsson), derivation algebras, with prescribed semisimple part, of nilpotent Lie algebras (Benoist), and presentations of affine Kac-Moody algebras.

Pasha Zusmanovich.; Suppl. 1; 87-102

126

Black Holes in Born-Infeld Extended New Massive Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we find different types of black holes for the Born-Infeld extended new massive gravity. Our solutions include (un)charged (A)dS warped black holes for four and six derivative expanded action. We also look at the black holes in unexpanded action. In each case we calculate the entropy, angular momentum and the mass of the black holes.

Ghodsi, Ahmad

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Agencies extend deadline for draft Record of Decision  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Department of Energy Idaho Department of Energy Idaho News Release For Immediate Release Date: June 2, 2008 Media Contact: Danielle Miller, (208) 526-5709 Agencies extend deadline for draft Record of Decision for Radioactive Waste Management Complex remediation The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Idaho Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) have further extended the deadline for completing a draft Record of Decision (ROD) for the radioactive and hazardous waste landfill remediation project at DOE's Idaho cleanup site until June 30, 2008 in order to complete the necessary consultations and analysis of the public comments on the proposed plan. On April 1, 2008 the agencies extended the deadline for the first time to June 2, 2008. Under the original agreement, DOE was to submit the draft Record of Decision to the state of Idaho and EPA for review by March 31, 2008. In October 2007, the agencies issued a proposed plan for public comment outlining the preferred alternative for addressing buried radioactive and hazardous waste at the Radioactive Waste Management Complex (RWMC). DOE proposed expanding current targeted waste exhumations at the landfill to 4.8 acres. The state of Idaho awaited public comments before determining the appropriate acreage for waste retrieval.

128

Group theoretical construction of extended baryon operators in lattice QCD  

SciTech Connect

The design and implementation of large sets of spatially-extended, gauge-invariant operators for use in determining the spectrum of baryons in lattice QCD computations are described. Group theoretical projections onto the irreducible representations of the symmetry group of a cubic spatial lattice are used in all isospin channels. The operators are constructed to maximize overlaps with the low-lying states of interest, while minimizing the number of sources needed in computing the required quark propagators. Issues related to the identification of the spin quantum numbers of the states in the continuum limit are addressed.

Subhasish Basak; Robert Edwards; George Fleming; Urs Heller; Colin Morningstar; David Richards; Ikuro Sato; Stephen Wallace

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Combining Quark and Link Smearing to Improve Extended Baryon Operators  

SciTech Connect

The effects of Gaussian quark-field smearing and analytic stout-link smearing on the correlations of gauge-invariant extended baryon operators are studied. Gaussian quark-field smearing substantially reduces contributions from the short wavelength modes of the theory, while stout-link smearing significantly reduces the noise from the stochastic evaluations. The use of gauge-link smearing is shown to be crucial for baryon operators constructed of covariantly-displaced quark fields. Preferred smearing parameters are determined for a lattice spacing a_s ~ 0.1 fm.

Adam Lichtl; Subhasish Basak; Robert Edwards; George T. Fleming; Urs M. Heller; Colin Morningstar; David Richards; Ikuro Sato; Stephen Wallace

2005-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

130

Chinese tallow seed oil as a diesel fuel extender  

SciTech Connect

Chinese tallow and stillingia oil are products obtained from the seed of the unmerchantable, but high yielding Chinese tallow tree. Short-term diesel engine performance tests using mixtures 25%:75% and 50%:50% of Chinese tallow tree seed oil and tallow to diesel fuel gave engine power output, brake thermal efficiencies, and fuel consumption rates within 7% of those obtained using pure diesel fuel. Fuel property values of the extended fuels were found to be within limits proposed for diesel engines. 12 references.

Samson, W.D.; Vidrine, C.G.; Robbins, J.W.D.

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Fluidized bed heat exchanger utilizing angularly extending heat exchange tubes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fluidized bed heat exchanger in which air is passed through a bed of particulate material containing fuel disposed in a housing. A steam/water natural circulation system is provided and includes a steam drum disposed adjacent the fluidized bed and a series of tubes connected at one end to the steam drum. A portion of the tubes are connected to a water drum and in the path of the air and the gaseous products of combustion exiting from the bed. Another portion of the tubes pass through the bed and extend at an angle to the upper surface of the bed.

Talmud, Fred M. (Berkeley Heights, NJ); Garcia-Mallol, Juan-Antonio (Morristown, NJ)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Extending gear life in a coal pulverizer gearbox  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A coal-fired power plant in the Western United States experienced short gearbox life in the 13 coal pulverizers operating at the plant. Wear on the bronze bull gear faces was suspected to have been caused by high particulate loading of coal dust and dirt in the gear oil, catalytic reaction between gear oil additives and some of the particulates generated, and high levels of copper in the gear oil. By addressing particulate ingress, adding filtration and switching to a synthetic gear oil, significant benefits were made to the power plant and gear oil life was extended. 2 photos., 1 tab.

Hansen, T.

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

133

Measuring extended Higgs sectors as a consistent free couplings model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Extended Higgs sectors appear in many models for physics beyond the Standard Model. Current Higgs measurements at the LHC are starting to significantly constrain them. We study their Higgs coupling patterns at tree level as well as including quantum corrections. Our benchmarks include a dark singlet-doublet extension and several two-doublet setups. Using SFitter we translate the current Higgs coupling measurements for one light Higgs state into their respective parameter spaces. Finally, we show how two-Higgs-doublet models can serve as a consistent ultraviolet completion of an assumed single Standard-Model-like Higgs boson with free couplings.

David Lopez-Val; Tilman Plehn; Michael Rauch

2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

134

AEGIS20: a radio survey of the Extended Groth Strip  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe AEGIS20 - a radio survey of the Extended Groth Strip (EGS) conducted with the Very Large Array (VLA) at 1.4GHz. The resulting catalog contains 1,123 emitters and is sensitive to ultraluminous starbursts to z1 where correcting for contamination by radio-loud active galactic nuclei (AGN) comes at the price of rejecting luminous starbursts. Whilst stacking radio images is a useful technique, accurate radio-based SFRs for z>>1 galaxies require precise redshifts and extraordinarily high-fidelity radio data to identify and remove accretion-related emission.

R. J. Ivison; S. C. Chapman; S. M. Faber; Ian Smail; A. D. Biggs; C. J. Conselice; G. Wilson; S. Salim; J. -S. Huang; S. P. Wilner

2006-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

135

CMS Data Processing Workflows during an Extended Cosmic Ray Run  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The CMS Collaboration conducted a month-long data taking exercise, the Cosmic Run At Four Tesla, during October-November 2008, with the goal of commissioning the experiment for extended operation. With all installed detector systems participating, CMS recorded 270 million cosmic ray events with the solenoid at a magnetic field strength of 3.8 T. This paper describes the data flow from the detector through the various online and offline computing systems, as well as the workflows used for recording the data, for aligning and calibrating the detector, and for analysis of the data.

Not Available

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Limit of concentration under extended nonhomogeneous light sources  

SciTech Connect

Static photovoltaic concentrators, which see the sky as an extended distribution of radiance, are analyzed in a general way. The rules for achieving the highest energy on the cell are derived and the appropriate figures of merit are defined. It is concluded that casting increasingly high values of energy on the cell, which would be bifacial, require collecting a lower portion of the total sky energy. The corresponding figures of merit for the concentrators of the CPC family are analyzed, concluding that a better type of concentrator should be developed for photovoltaic applications.

Minano, J.C.; Luque, A.

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Topological Phase Transition in the Extended Cluster Compass Ladder  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have studied the exact solution of the extended cluster compass ladder, which is equivalent to extended quantum compass model with cluster interaction between next-nearest-neighbor (NNN) spins, by using the Jordan-Wigner transformation. We show that this model is always gapfull except at the critical surfaces where the energy gap disappears. We obtain the analytic expressions of all critical couplings which drive quantum phase transitions. This model shows a rich phase diagram which includes spin-flop, strip antiferromagnetic and topological order on the legs, in addition to the phase with antiparallel ordering of spin y component on the rungs. We study also the universality and scaling properties of the nearest-neighbor correlation functions derivatives in different regions to confirm the results obtained using the energy gap analysis. On the other hand, we have replaced the cluster interaction with usual form and using the Lanczos method a numerical experiment is done. Analyzing the numerical results, we show that the effect of the cluster interaction between NNN spins is completely different from the usual form.

R. Jafari; S. Mahdavifar

2013-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

138

SIC-POVMs and the Extended Clifford Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the structure of the extended Clifford Group (defined to be the group consisting of all operators, unitary and anti-unitary, which normalize the generalized Pauli group (or Weyl-Heisenberg group as it is often called)). We also obtain a number of results concerning the structure of the Clifford Group proper (i.e. the group consisting just of the unitary operators which normalize the generalized Pauli group). We then investigate the action of the extended Clifford group operators on symmetric informationally complete POVMs (or SIC-POVMs) covariant relative to the action of the generalized Pauli group. We show that each of the fiducial vectors which has been constructed so far (including all the vectors constructed numerically by Renes et al) is an eigenvector of one of a special class of order 3 Clifford unitaries. This suggests a strengthening of a conjuecture of Zauner's. We give a complete characterization of the orbits and stability groups in dimensions 2-7. Finally, we show that the problem of constructing fiducial vectors may be expected to simplify in the infinite sequence of dimensions 7, 13, 19, 21, 31,... . We illustrate this point by constructing exact expressions for fiducial vectors in dimensions 7 and 19.

D. M. Appleby

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Developing a Regulatory Framework for Extended Storage and Transportation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Developing a Regulatory Framework Developing a Regulatory Framework for Extended Storage and Transportation National Transportation Stakeholders Forum May 10-12, 2011 Denver, Colorado Earl Easton Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Outline * Current Regulatory Framework * Future Regulatory Needs * Technical Basis (with some examples) * Path Forward 2 Current NRC Regulatory Framework for Storage * Renewable Term Licenses * Aging Management Plan - Time-limited aging analyses - Design for prevention - Monitoring - how, how often, in-situ - Maintenance - what type - Corrective Actions - when 3 Dry Cask Storage * 63 licensed ISFSIs (8 more than 2010) * Expect 10 sites pursuing General License * Over 1400 loaded storage casks 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Number of ISFSIs Year Specific Licensees

140

Route to supersolidity for the extended Bose-Hubbard model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We use the Gutzwiller ansatz and analyze the phase diagram of the extended Bose-Hubbard Hamiltonian with on-site (U) and nearest-neighbor (V) repulsions. For d-dimensional hypercubic lattices, when 2dVphase occupies small regions around the CDW insulators. However, when 2dV>U, in this Rapid Communication, we show that the ground state has only CDW insulators, and more importantly, the SS phase occupies a much larger region in the phase diagram, existing up to very large hopping values which could be orders of magnitude higher than that of the well-known case. In particular, the SS-superfluid phase boundary increases linearly as a function of hopping when 2dV > or approx. 1.5U, for which the prospects of observing the SS phase with dipolar Bose gases loaded into optical lattices is much higher.

Iskin, M. [Department of Physics, Koc University, Rumelifeneri Yolu, TR-34450 Sariyer, Istanbul (Turkey)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour epact05 extended" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Unraveling gravity beyond Einstein with extended test bodies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The motion of test bodies in gravity is tightly linked to the conservation laws. This well-known fact in the context of General Relativity is also valid for gravitational theories which go beyond Einstein's theory. Here we derive the equations of motion for test bodies for a very large class of gravitational theories with a general nonminimal coupling to matter. These equations form the basis for future systematic tests of alternative gravity theories. Our treatment is covariant and generalizes the classic Mathisson-Papapetrou-Dixon result for spinning (extended) test bodies. The equations of motion for structureless test bodies turn out to be surprisingly simple, despite the very general nature of the theories considered.

Dirk Puetzfeld; Yuri N. Obukhov

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

142

COLUMBIA RADIATION LABORATORY RESEARCH INVESTIGATION DIRECTED TOWARD EXTENDING  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

iVP-^"^^? iVP-^"^^? COLUMBIA RADIATION LABORATORY RESEARCH INVESTIGATION DIRECTED TOWARD EXTENDING THE USEFUL RANGE OF THE ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM Special Technical Report Signal Corps Contract DA-36-039 SC-64630 DA Project No. 3-99-10-022 SC Project No. 102B U. S. Army Laboratory Procurement Office Signal Corps Supply Agency Fort Monmouth, New Jersey The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York Box 6, Low Memorial Library New York 27, New York March 1, 1956 DISCLAIMER Portions of this document may be illegible in electronic image products. Images are produced from the best available original document. COLUMBIA RADIATION LABORATORY Collected Papers on the AAASER (Microwave Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation) Special Technical Report

143

NETL: News Release - DOE Oil Recovery Project Extends Success through  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 , 2007 5 , 2007 DOE Oil Recovery Project Extends Success through Technology Transfer New Technologies & Techniques Boost U.S. Proved Oil Reserves, Travel the Globe WASHINGTON, DC - A groundbreaking oil-recovery project funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is coming to a close, but its success will continue to be felt throughout the United States and the world. MORE INFO Read 03.10.06 Techline: DOE-Funded Project Revives Aging California Oilfield The project, titled "Increasing Heavy Oil Reserves in the Wilmington Oil Field Through Advanced Reservoir Characterizations and Thermal Production Technologies," began in 1995 with the goal of increasing recoverable heavy oil reserves in those sections of the Wilmington oilfield operated by Long

144

Extending Resonant Diffraction to Very High Energies for Structural Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tuning the Collective Properties of Artificial Nanoparticle Supercrystals Tuning the Collective Properties of Artificial Nanoparticle Supercrystals The Workings of a Key Staph Enzyme and How to Block It Simple Lithium Is Good For Many Surprises Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Extending Resonant Diffraction to Very High Energies for Structural Studies of Complex Materials MARCH 15, 2011 Bookmark and Share Systems investigated using the high-energy resonant PDF method: the (dis)ordered phases of Cu3Au, PtPd random-alloy and core-shell nanoparticles (upper part), and the BiFeO3 perovskite structure (undistorted and distorted; lower part). Researchers utilizing the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne Advanced

145

Multi-Flip Networks: Extending Symmetric Networks to Real Parallelism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In general, neural networks are regarded as models for massively parallel computation. But very often, this parallelism is rather limited, especially when considering symmetric networks. For instance, Hopfield networks do not really compute in parallel as their updating algorithm always requires sequential execution. Nevertheless, Hopfield networks can be used as auto-associative memories, were shown to have an expressive power equivalent to propositional logic, and can be used to solve several combinatorial problems. Extensions like the Boltzmann Machine with continuous activation functions can additionally be used to solve optimization problems. But, all of these approaches suffer from one disadvantage, namely the impossibility to perform simultaneous computations of more than one unit, i.e. real parallelism. We describe a recurrent network corresponding to a symmetric network and introduce a method of parallel updating multiple units. We show how this may be extended to ...

Antje Strohmaier; Fachgebiet Intellektik; Fachbereich Informatik; Technische Hochschule Darmstadt

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Extending the cereus group genomics to putative food-borne pathogens of different toxicity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Extending the cereus group genomics to putative food- borneGoltsman, et al Author(s) Division Genomics Extending thecereus group genomics to putative food-borne pathogens of

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

A step-by-step extending parallelism approach for enumeration of combinatorial objects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a general step-by-step extending approach to parallel execution of enumeration of combinatorial objects (ECO) The methodology extends a famous enumeration algorithm, OrderlyGeneration, which allows concurrently generating all objects ...

Hien Phan; Ben Soh; Man Nguyen

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Coupled and Extended Quintessence: theoretical differences and structure formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The case of a coupling between dark energy and matter (Coupled Quintessence) or gravity (Extended Quintessence) has recently attracted a deep interest and has been widely investigated both in the Einstein and in the Jordan frames (EF, JF), within scalar tensor theories. Focusing on the simplest models proposed so far, in this paper we study the relation existing between the two scenarios, isolating the Weyl scaling which allows to express them in the EF and JF. Moreover, we perform a comparative study of the behavior of linear perturbations in both scenarios, which turn out to behave in a markedly different way. In particular, while the clustering is enhanced in the considered CQ models with respect to the corresponding Quintessence ones where the coupling is absent and to the ordinary cosmologies with a Cosmological Constant and Cold Dark Matter (LCDM), structures in EQ models may grow slower. This is likely to have direct consequences on the inner properties of non-linear structures, like cluster concentration, as well as on the weak lensing shear on large scales. Finally, we specialize our study for interfacing linear dynamics and N-body simulations in these cosmologies, giving a recipe for the corrections to be included in N-body codes in order to take into account the modifications to the expansion rate, growth of structures, and strength of gravity.

Valeria Pettorino; Carlo Baccigalupi

2008-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

149

WILSON-BAPPU EFFECT: EXTENDED TO SURFACE GRAVITY  

SciTech Connect

In 1957, Wilson and Bappu found a tight correlation between the stellar absolute visual magnitude (M{sub V} ) and the width of the Ca II K emission line for late-type stars. Here, we revisit the Wilson-Bappu relationship (WBR) to claim that the WBR can be an excellent indicator of stellar surface gravity of late-type stars as well as a distance indicator. We have measured the width (W) of the Ca II K emission line in high-resolution spectra of 125 late-type stars obtained with the Bohyunsan Optical Echelle Spectrograph and adopted from the Ultraviolet and Visual Echelle Spectrograph archive. Based on our measurement of the emission line width (W), we have obtained a WBR of M{sub V} = 33.76 - 18.08 log W. In order to extend the WBR to being a surface gravity indicator, stellar atmospheric parameters such as effective temperature (T{sub eff}), surface gravity (log g), metallicity ([Fe/H]), and micro-turbulence ({xi}{sub tur}) have been derived from self-consistent detailed analysis using the Kurucz stellar atmospheric model and the abundance analysis code, MOOG. Using these stellar parameters and log W, we found that log g = -5.85 log W+9.97 log T{sub eff} - 23.48 for late-type stars.

Park, Sunkyung; Kang, Wonseok; Lee, Jeong-Eun [School of Space Research, Kyung Hee University, Yongin-Si, Gyeonggi-Do 446-701 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Sang-Gak, E-mail: sunkyung@khu.ac.kr, E-mail: wskang@khu.ac.kr, E-mail: jeongeun.lee@khu.ac.kr, E-mail: sanggak@snu.ac.kr [Astronomy Program, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Extending Sensor Calibration Intervals in Nuclear Power Plants  

SciTech Connect

Currently in the USA, sensor recalibration is required at every refueling outage, and it has emerged as a critical path item for shortening outage duration. International application of calibration monitoring, such as at the Sizewell B plant in UK, has shown that sensors may operate for eight years, or longer, within calibration tolerances. Online monitoring can be employed to identify those sensors which require calibration, allowing for calibration of only those sensors which need it. The US NRC accepted the general concept of online monitoring for sensor calibration monitoring in 2000, but no plants have been granted the necessary license amendment to apply it. This project addresses key issues in advanced recalibration methodologies and provides the science base to enable adoption of best practices for applying online monitoring, resulting in a public domain standardized methodology for sensor calibration interval extension. Research to develop this methodology will focus on three key areas: (1) quantification of uncertainty in modeling techniques used for calibration monitoring, with a particular focus on non-redundant sensor models; (2) accurate determination of acceptance criteria and quantification of the effect of acceptance criteria variability on system performance; and (3) the use of virtual sensor estimates to replace identified faulty sensors to extend operation to the next convenient maintenance opportunity.

Coble, Jamie B.; Meyer, Ryan M.; Ramuhalli, Pradeep; Bond, Leonard J.; Shumaker, Brent; Hashemian, Hash

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

151

Polynomial fusion rings of W-extended logarithmic minimal models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The countably infinite number of Virasoro representations of the logarithmic minimal model LM(p,p') can be reorganized into a finite number of W-representations with respect to the extended Virasoro algebra symmetry W. Using a lattice implementation of fusion, we recently determined the fusion algebra of these representations and found that it closes, albeit without an identity for p>1. Here, we provide a fusion-matrix realization of this fusion algebra and identify a fusion ring isomorphic to it. We also consider various extensions of it and quotients thereof, and introduce and analyze commutative diagrams with morphisms between the involved fusion algebras and the corresponding quotient polynomial fusion rings. One particular extension is reminiscent of the fundamental fusion algebra of LM(p,p') and offers a natural way of introducing the missing identity for p>1. Working out explicit fusion matrices is facilitated by a further enlargement based on a pair of mutual Moore-Penrose inverses intertwining between the W-fundamental and enlarged fusion algebras.

Jorgen Rasmussen

2008-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

152

Extending the lifetime of fuel cell based hybrid systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fuel cells are clean power sources that have much higher energy densities and lifetimes compared to batteries. However, fuel cells have limited load following capabilities and cannot be efficiently utilized if used in isolation. In this work, we consider a hybrid system where a fuel cell based hybrid power source is used to provide power to a DVFS processor. The hybrid power source consists of a room temperature fuel cell operating as the primary power source and a Li-ion battery (that has good load following capability) operating as the secondary source. Our goal is to develop polices to extend the lifetime of the fuel cell based hybrid system. First, we develop a charge based optimization framework which minimizes the charge loss of the hybrid system (and not the energy consumption of the DVFS processor). Next, we propose a new algorithm to minimize the charge loss by judiciously scaling the load current. We compare the performance of this algorithm with one that has been optimized for energy, and demonstrate its superiority. Finally, we evaluate the performance of the hybrid system under different system configurations and show how to determine the best combination of fuel cell size and battery capacity for a given embedded application.

Jianli Zhuo; Chaitali Chakrabarti; Naehyuck Chang; Sarma Vrudhula

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

RECALIBRATION OF H CANYON ONLINE SPECTROPHOTOMETER AT EXTENDED URANIUM CONCENTRATION  

SciTech Connect

The H Canyon online spectrophotometers are calibrated for measurement of the uranium and nitric acid concentrations of several tanks in the 2nd Uranium Cycle.[1] The spectrometers, flow cells, and prediction models are currently optimized for a process in which uranium concentrations are expected to range from 0-15 g/L and nitric acid concentrations from 0.05-6 M. However, an upcoming processing campaign will involve 'Super Kukla' material, which has a lower than usual enrichment of fissionable uranium. Total uranium concentrations will be higher, spanning approximately 0-30 g/L U, with no change in the nitric acid concentrations. The new processing conditions require the installation of new flow cells with shorter path lengths. As the process solutions have a higher uranium concentration, the shorter path length is required to decrease the absorptivity to values closer to the optimal range for the instrument. Also, new uranium and nitric acid prediction models are required to span the extended uranium concentration range. The models will be developed for the 17.5 and 15.4 tanks, for which nitric acid concentrations will not exceed 1 M. The restricted acid range compared to the original models is anticipated to reduce the measurement uncertainty for both uranium and nitric acid. The online spectrophotometers in H Canyon Second Uranium Cycle were modified to allow measurement of uranium and nitric acid for the Super Kukla processing campaign. The expected uranium concentrations, which are higher than those that have been recently processed, required new flow cells with one-third the optical path length of the existing cells. Also, new uranium and nitric acid calibrations were made. The estimated reading uncertainties (2{sigma}) for Tanks 15.4 and 17.5 are {approx}5% for uranium and {approx}25% for nitric acid.

Lascola, R

2008-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

154

High Pressure Materials Research: Novel Extended Phases of Molecular Triatomics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Application of high pressure significantly alters the interatomic distance and thus the nature of intermolecular interaction, chemical bonding, molecular configuration, crystal structure, and stability of solid [1]. With modern advances in high-pressure technologies [2], it is feasible to achieve a large (often up to a several-fold) compression of lattice, at which condition material can be easily forced into a new physical and chemical configuration [3]. The high-pressure thus offers enhanced opportunities to discover new phases, both stable and metastable ones, and to tune exotic properties in a wide-range of atomistic length scale, substantially greater than (often being several orders of) those achieved by other thermal (varying temperatures) and chemical (varying composition or making alloys) means. Simple molecular solids like H{sub 2}, C, CO{sub 2}, N{sub 2}, O{sub 2}, H{sub 2}O, CO, NH{sub 3}, and CH{sub 4} are bounded by strong covalent intramolecular bonds, yet relatively weak intermolecular bonds of van der Waals and/or hydrogen bonds. The weak intermolecular bonds make these solids highly compressible (i.e., low bulk moduli typically less than 10 GPa), while the strong covalent bonds make them chemically inert at least initially at low pressures. Carbon-carbon single bonds, carbon-oxygen double bonds and nitrogen-nitrogen triple bonds, for example, are among the strongest. These molecular forms are, thus, often considered to remain stable in an extended region of high pressures and high temperatures. High stabilities of these covalent molecules are also the basis of which their mixtures are often presumed to be the major detonation products of energetic materials as well as the major constituents of giant planets. However, their physical/chemical stabilities are not truly understood at those extreme pressure-temperature conditions. In fact, an increasing amount of experimental evidences contradict the assumed stability of these materials at high pressures and temperatures.

Yoo, C

2004-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

155

Extending the frontiers of mass spectrometric instrumentation and methods  

SciTech Connect

The focus of this dissertation is two-fold: developing novel analysis methods using mass spectrometry and the implementation and characterization of a novel ion mobility mass spectrometry instrumentation. The novel mass spectrometry combines ion trap for ion/ion reactions coupled to an ion mobility cell. The long term goal of this instrumentation is to use ion/ion reactions to probe the structure of gas phase biomolecule ions. The three ion source - ion trap - ion mobility - qTOF mass spectrometer (IT - IM - TOF MS) instrument is described. The analysis of the degradation products in coal (Chapter 2) and the imaging plant metabolites (Appendix III) fall under the methods development category. These projects use existing commercial instrumentation (JEOL AccuTOF MS and Thermo Finnigan LCQ IT, respectively) for the mass analysis of the degraded coal products and the plant metabolites, respectively. The coal degradation paper discusses the use of the DART ion source for fast and easy sample analysis. The sample preparation consisted of a simple 50 fold dilution of the soluble coal products in water and placing the liquid in front of the heated gas stream. This is the first time the DART ion source has been used for analysis of coal. Steven Raders under the guidance of John Verkade came up with the coal degradation projects. Raders performed the coal degradation reactions, worked up the products, and sent them to me. Gregg Schieffer developed the method and wrote the paper demonstrating the use of the DART ion source for the fast and easy sample analysis. The plant metabolite imaging project extends the use of colloidal graphite as a sample coating for atmospheric pressure LDI. DC Perdian and I closely worked together to make this project work. Perdian focused on building the LDI setup whereas Schieffer focused on the MSn analysis of the metabolites. Both Perdian and I took the data featured in the paper. Perdian was the primary writer of the paper and used it as a chapter in his dissertation. Perdian and Schieffer worked together to address the revisions and publish it in Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry Journal.

Schieffer, Gregg

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

156

Extending the Petrel Model Builder for Educational and Research Purposes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reservoir Simulation is a very powerful tool used in the Oil and Gas industry to perform and provide various functions including but not limited to predicting reservoir performance, conduct sensitivity analysis to quantify uncertainty, production optimization and overall reservoir management. Compared to explored reservoirs in the past, current day reservoirs are more complex in extent and structure. As a result, reservoir simulators and algorithms used to represent dynamic systems of flow in porous media have invariably got just as complex. In order to provide the best solutions for analyzing reservoir performance, there is a need to continuously develop reservoir simulators and reservoir simulation algorithms that best represent the performance of the reservoir without compromising efficiency and accuracy. There exists several commercial reservoir simulation packages in the market that have been proven to be extremely resourceful with functionality that covers a wide range of interests in reservoir simulation yet there is the constant need to provide better and more efficient methods and algorithms to study and manage our reservoirs. This thesis aims at bridging the gap in the framework for developing these algorithms. To this end, this project has both an educational and research component. Educational because it leads to a strong understanding of the topic of reservoir simulation for students which can be daunting especially for those who require a more direct experience to fully comprehend the subject matter. It is research focused because it will serve as the foundation for developing a framework for integrating custom built external simulators and algorithms with the workflow of the model builder of our reservoir simulation package of choice i.e. Petrel with the Ocean programming environment in a seamless manner for simulating large scale multi-physics problems of flow in highly heterogeneous flow of porous media. Of particular interest are the areas of model order reduction and production optimization. In-house algorithms are being developed for these areas of interest and with the completion of this project. We hope to have developed a framework whereby we can take our algorithms specifically developed for areas of interest and add them to the workflow of the Petrel Model Builder. Currently, we have taken one of our in-house simulators i.e. a two dimensional, oil-water five-spot water flood pattern as a starting point and have been able to integrate it successfully into the “Define Simulation Case” process of Petrel as an additional choice for simulation by an end user. In the future, we will expand this simulator with updates to improve its performance, efficiency and extend its capabilities to incorporate areas of research interest.

Nwosa, Obiajulu C

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

EIS-0305: Notice Extending the Public Scoping Period for the Environmental  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Notice Extending the Public Scoping Period for the Notice Extending the Public Scoping Period for the Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0305: Notice Extending the Public Scoping Period for the Environmental Impact Statement Transuranic Waste Treatment Facility at Oak Ridge, Tennessee The Department extends the public scoping period for a Transuranic Waste Treatment Facility at Oak Ridge, Tennessee. To ensure that the public has ample opportunity to provide comments since the public scoping meeting, the comment period is being extended until March 18, 1999. Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for a Transuranic Waste Treatment Facility at Oak Ridge, Tennessee; Notice Extending the Public Scoping Period More Documents & Publications Audit Report: IG-0443 EIS-0309: Notice of Intent to Prepare a Site-Wide Environmental Impact

158

Modelling well leakage in multilayer aquifer systems using the extended finite element method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The extended finite element method (XFEM) is applied to the problem of predicting the steady-state leakage from layered sedimentary aquifer systems perforated by abandoned wells. Multi-aquifer systems are modelled using a quasi-three-dimensional model ... Keywords: Extended finite element method, GFEM, Generalised finite element method, Leakage, Multi-aquifer systems, XFEM

Robert Gracie; James R. Craig

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Multistep speaker identification using gibbs-distribution-based extended bayesian inference for rejecting unregistered speaker  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a method of multistep speaker identification using Gibbs-distribution-based extended Bayesian inference (GEBI) for rejecting unregistered speaker. The method is developed for our speaker recognition system which utilizes competitive ... Keywords: Gibbs-distribution-based extended bayesian inference, competitive associative net, multistep speaker identification

Yuta Mizobe; Shuichi Kurogi; Tomohiro Tsukazaki; Takeshi Nishida

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Real-Time Dynamic Visual Tracking Using PSD Sensors and Extended Trapezoidal Motion Planning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A real-time visual servo tracking system for an industrial robot has been implemented using PSD (Position Sensitive Detector) cameras, neural networks, and an extended trapezoidal motion planning method. PSD and directly transduces the light‘s ... Keywords: extended trapezoidal motion planning, locally activated neural network, position sensitive detectors, target tracking, visual servoing

Soo-Hyuk Nam; Se-Young Oh

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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161

Extended Kantorovich method for static analysis of moderately thick functionally graded sector plates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, an iterative procedure based on the extended Kantorovich method (EKM) is presented to gain highly accurate solution for bending of moderately thick functionally graded (FG) fully clamped sector plates. Effective mechanical properties of ... Keywords: Bending analysis, Extended Kantorovich method, Fully clamped sector plates, Functionally graded material

M. M. Aghdam; N. Shahmansouri; M. Mohammadi

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Fast relaxation phenomena and slow mode in extended thermodynamics of superfluids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A macroscopic monofluid model of liquid helium II which is based on extended thermodynamics was formulated in previous works, both in the presence and in the absence of dissipative phenomena. In all these studies, the time evolution of the nonequilibrium ... Keywords: Extended thermodynamics, Liquid helium II, Superfluids

M. S. Mongioví; R. A. Peruzza

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Computer correction of turbulent distortions of image of extended objects on near-Earth paths  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An algorithm of computer-based correction of images of extended objects distorted by turbulent atmosphere is developed. The method of computer correction is used to correct a distorted image of an extended object on a horizontal 2300-m-long observation path. The angular size of the corrected-image region was 15'. (image processing)

Averin, A P; Morozov, Yu B; Pryanichkov, V S; Tyapin, V V [Federal State Unitary Enterprise 'I.S.Kos'minov State Scientific-Research Test Laser Centre of Russian Federation 'Raduga' (Russian Federation)

2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

164

Consistent data operations for multi-databases in extended possibility-based data models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper considers the data operation for multi-databases in an extended possibility-based data model. Owing to the complexity of the data model considered, inconsistent redundancy of tuples may occur when database relations being operated are associated ... Keywords: Data operation, Extended possibility-based data model, Fuzzy databases, Proximity relations

Julie Yu-Chih Liu; Pei-Chann Chang; Clark P. C. Yeh

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Does increasing model stratospheric resolution improve5 extended-range forecast skill?6  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 1 2 3 4 Does increasing model stratospheric resolution improve5 extended-range forecast skill?6 7 The effect of stratospheric resolution on extended-range forecast skill at high latitudes2 in the Southern Hemisphere is explored. Ensemble forecasts are made for two model3 configurations that differ only

Birner, Thomas

166

Borehole Miner - Extendible Nozzle Development for Radioactive Waste Dislodging and Retrieval from Underground Storage Tanks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes development of borehole-miner extendible-nozzle water-jetting technology for dislodging and retrieving salt cake, sludge} and supernate to remediate underground storage tanks full of radioactive waste. The extendible-nozzle development was based on commercial borehole-miner technology.

CW Enderlin; DG Alberts; JA Bamberger; M White

1998-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

167

DOE extends the Idaho Cleanup Project Contract for Three Years | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

extends the Idaho Cleanup Project Contract for Three Years extends the Idaho Cleanup Project Contract for Three Years DOE extends the Idaho Cleanup Project Contract for Three Years September 25, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Brad Bugger 208-526-0833 Danielle Miller 208-526-5709 Idaho Falls, ID - The U.S. Department of Energy has extended by three years its contract with the company currently operating the Idaho Cleanup Project at the department's Idaho Site. CH2M-WG Idaho, LLC's (CWI) period of performance on the current contract ends September 30, 2012. DOE extended their contract through September 30, 2015, and the anticipated dollar value of this extension is $730 million. This extension will help ensure that the government receives the highest return on investment for its environmental restoration work. Since 2005,

168

U.S. Department of Energy to Extend Pacific Northwest National Laboratory  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Extend Pacific Northwest National to Extend Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Management and Operating Contract U.S. Department of Energy to Extend Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Management and Operating Contract October 3, 2008 - 4:14pm Addthis Washington, DC - Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today announced his decision to authorize a four-year contract extension for the management and operation of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), located in Richland, Washington, to Battelle Memorial Institute, a non-profit organization based in Columbus, Ohio. The Battelle management and operating (M&O) contract will be extended through September 30, 2012. DOE's decision would also extend a companion contract, the Battelle "Use

169

EIS-0385: Notice to Extend the Public Scoping Period and Reschedule Public  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EIS-0385: Notice to Extend the Public Scoping Period and Reschedule EIS-0385: Notice to Extend the Public Scoping Period and Reschedule Public Scoping Meetings EIS-0385: Notice to Extend the Public Scoping Period and Reschedule Public Scoping Meetings Strategic Petroleum Reserve Due to the extraordinary circumstances created by Hurricane Katrina in the region where the proposed action and public scoping meetings will take place, DOE has extended the public scoping period and revised the dates and locations of the public scoping meetings originally announced in the Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement 70 FR 52088; September 1, 2005). DOE/EIS-0385, Department of Energy, Environmental Impact Statement: Site Selection for the Expansion of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, Notice to Extend the Public Scoping Period and Reschedule Public Scoping Meetings, 70

170

EIS-0385: Notice to Extend the Public Scoping Period and Reschedule Public  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Notice to Extend the Public Scoping Period and Reschedule Notice to Extend the Public Scoping Period and Reschedule Public Scoping Meetings EIS-0385: Notice to Extend the Public Scoping Period and Reschedule Public Scoping Meetings Strategic Petroleum Reserve Due to the extraordinary circumstances created by Hurricane Katrina in the region where the proposed action and public scoping meetings will take place, DOE has extended the public scoping period and revised the dates and locations of the public scoping meetings originally announced in the Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement 70 FR 52088; September 1, 2005). DOE/EIS-0385, Department of Energy, Environmental Impact Statement: Site Selection for the Expansion of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, Notice to Extend the Public Scoping Period and Reschedule Public Scoping Meetings, 70

171

DOE extends the Idaho Cleanup Project Contract for Three Years | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

extends the Idaho Cleanup Project Contract for Three Years extends the Idaho Cleanup Project Contract for Three Years DOE extends the Idaho Cleanup Project Contract for Three Years September 25, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Brad Bugger 208-526-0833 Danielle Miller 208-526-5709 Idaho Falls, ID - The U.S. Department of Energy has extended by three years its contract with the company currently operating the Idaho Cleanup Project at the department's Idaho Site. CH2M-WG Idaho, LLC's (CWI) period of performance on the current contract ends September 30, 2012. DOE extended their contract through September 30, 2015, and the anticipated dollar value of this extension is $730 million. This extension will help ensure that the government receives the highest return on investment for its environmental restoration work. Since 2005,

172

Development of an extender protocol to enhance the viability of frozen-thawed bovine spermatozoa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Determination of an extender protocol which will enhance the viability of frozenthawed bovine spermatozoa will allow producers to obtain higher conception rates due to the increased survival rate of the spermatozoa. Ejaculates of six Brangus bulls (age=18 months) were evaluated for spermatozoal motility, acrosomal integrity, and morphological characteristics (collectively called spermatozoal viability) in two experiments to test our hypotheses that (1) the treatment combination of a 4 hr cooling duration and a 2 hr equilibration with glycerol will result in optimum spermatozoal characteristics after freezing and thawing and (2) rank of three selected extenders relative to their effects on spermatozoal viability after freezing and thawing will be egg yolk-citrate (EC), egg yolk-tris (IMV), and skim milk (milk). In experiment 1, an ejaculate from each bull was partially extended and cooled to 4 ºC for either 2 or 4 hr and then allowed to equilibrate with the glycerolated extender for 2, 4, or 6 hr. Spermatozoal viability was assessed at 0, 3, 6, and 9 hr after thawing. In experiment 1, 4 hr of cooling resulted in a higher percentage of motile spermatozoa than did 2 hr of cooling. The 2 hr equilibration with glycerol yielded lower percentages of motile spermatozoa, acrosomal integrity, and morphologically normal spermatozoa than 4 and 6 hr equilibration durations with glycerol. In experiment 2, we observed a decrease in spermatozoal viability for all three extenders upon freezing and thawing. Viability of frozen-thawed spermatozoa extended in the milk was reduced for all incubation durations, and the IMV extender had a higher percentage of motile spermatozoa than the EC extender at 6 hr of incubation. A higher percentage of intact acrosomes was observed with the IMV extender; however, the EC extender had a higher percentage of morphologically normal spermatozoa than the IMV extender. Our results indicate that at cooling duration of 4 hr and a 4 hr equilibration with glycerol provide the highest level of spermatozoal viability post-thaw of the treatments evaluated and that the IMV extender enhances the percentage of spermatozoa with an intact acrosome for frozenthawed spermatozoa over the EC and skim milk extenders.

Griffin, Erin Michelle

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage Systems for Extended Long Term  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage Systems for Extended Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage Systems for Extended Long Term Storage and Transportation of Used Fuel Rev0 Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage Systems for Extended Long Term Storage and Transportation of Used Fuel Rev0 The report is intended to help assess and establish the technical basis for extended long-term storage and transportation of used nuclear fuel. It provides: 1) an overview of the ISFSI license renewal process based on 10 CFR 72 and the guidance provided in NUREG-1927; 2) definitions and terms for structures and components in DCSSs, materials, environments, aging effects, and aging mechanisms; 3) TLAAs and AMPs, respectively, that have been developed for managing aging effects on the SSCs important to safety in the dry cask storage system designs; and 4) AMPs and TLAAs for the SSCs

174

DOE to Extend Savannah River Nuclear Solutions Contract at Savannah River  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Extend Savannah River Nuclear Solutions Contract at Savannah to Extend Savannah River Nuclear Solutions Contract at Savannah River Site to September 2016 DOE to Extend Savannah River Nuclear Solutions Contract at Savannah River Site to September 2016 September 6, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contact Bill Taylor 803-952-8564 bill.taylor@srs.gov Aiken, SC -- The Department of Energy's (DOE) Savannah River Operations Office today exercised its option to extend the current Savannah River Site Management and Operating contract with Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC (SRNS) for an additional 38 months, from August 1, 2013 to September 2016. The SRNS contract was competatviely awareded January 10, 2008. The total value of the SRNS contract with the extension is approximately $8 billion. The current contract provides for management and operations of Savannah

175

FAQs: Have Tax Credits Been Extended Into 2012? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Have Tax Credits Been Extended Into 2012? Have Tax Credits Been Extended Into 2012? FAQs: Have Tax Credits Been Extended Into 2012? January 6, 2012 - 4:29pm Addthis It hasn't been 2012 very long, and we're already getting inquiries regarding federal tax credits. Since we know everyone likes to save money and energy - preferably at the same time - here is the rundown on what you can get tax credits for, and how long you have to get them. First, we'll answer the question: Have the 2011 federal tax credits been extended into 2012? The short answer is, no. There have been no extensions to the federal tax credits. If that changes, however, we will update you here on the blog and on our Tax Credits for Energy Efficiency page. Next, we'll add some clarification about the tax credits: The Products Eligible for Tax Credits Through 2011 are documented in Part I

176

Report on Assessment of Environmentally--Assisted Fatigue for LWR Extended  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

on Assessment of Environmentally--Assisted Fatigue for LWR on Assessment of Environmentally--Assisted Fatigue for LWR Extended Service Conditions Report on Assessment of Environmentally--Assisted Fatigue for LWR Extended Service Conditions This report provides an update on the assessment of environmentally-assisted fatigue for light water reactor (LWR) extended service conditions. The report is a deliverable in FY11 under the work package for LWRS under the Advanced Reactor Concepts. Most of the current fleet of aging LWRs were designed using the 1970s version of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessels Code, Section III, and are reaching their design lifetime of 30-40 yrs. For economic reasons, the utilities have great interest in extending the operating life of the plants via the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) licensing renewal application

177

EIS-0380: Notice to Extend Comment Period on the Draft Site-Wide  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Extend Comment Period on the Draft Site-Wide to Extend Comment Period on the Draft Site-Wide Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0380: Notice to Extend Comment Period on the Draft Site-Wide Environmental Impact Statement Continued Operation of Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico In response to requests for additional time to review and comment on the document, NNSA is extending the public comment period until September 20, 2006. DOE/EIS-0380, Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration, Extension of Comment Period on the Draft Site-Wide Environmental Impact Statement for Continued Operation of Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, 76 FR 40352 (August 2006) More Documents & Publications EIS-0380: DOE Notice of Availability of the Draft Site-Wide Environmental

178

V-098: Linux Kernel Extended Verification Module Bug Lets Local Users Deny  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8: Linux Kernel Extended Verification Module Bug Lets Local 8: Linux Kernel Extended Verification Module Bug Lets Local Users Deny Service V-098: Linux Kernel Extended Verification Module Bug Lets Local Users Deny Service February 25, 2013 - 12:12am Addthis PROBLEM: Linux Kernel Extended Verification Module Bug Lets Local Users Deny Service PLATFORM: The Linux Kernel prior to 3.7.5 ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in the Linux Kernel. REFERENCE LINKS: The Linux Kernel Archives Linux Kernel Red Hat Bugzilla - Bug 913266 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1028196 CVE-2013-0313 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium DISCUSSION: A local user can exploit a null pointer dereference in the evm_update_evmxattr() function in 'security/integrity/evm/evm_crypto.c' to cause the target system to crash. IMPACT: A local user can cause denial of service conditions.

179

Report on Assessment of Environmentally--Assisted Fatigue for LWR Extended  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

on Assessment of Environmentally--Assisted Fatigue for LWR on Assessment of Environmentally--Assisted Fatigue for LWR Extended Service Conditions Report on Assessment of Environmentally--Assisted Fatigue for LWR Extended Service Conditions This report provides an update on the assessment of environmentally-assisted fatigue for light water reactor (LWR) extended service conditions. The report is a deliverable in FY11 under the work package for LWRS under the Advanced Reactor Concepts. Most of the current fleet of aging LWRs were designed using the 1970s version of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessels Code, Section III, and are reaching their design lifetime of 30-40 yrs. For economic reasons, the utilities have great interest in extending the operating life of the plants via the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) licensing renewal application

180

Extended Reconstruction of Global Sea Surface Temperatures Based on COADS Data (1854–1997)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A monthly extended reconstruction of global SST (ERSST) is produced based on Comprehensive Ocean–Atmosphere Data Set (COADS) release 2 observations from the 1854–1997 period. Improvements come from the use of updated COADS observations with new ...

Thomas M. Smith; Richard W. Reynolds

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour epact05 extended" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Structure and Effects of Extended Defects in Polycrystalline Si Thin Films  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The structure and effects of extended defects in rapid deposited polycrystalline Si thin films were studied using a combination of high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and first-principles total energy calculations.

Yan, Y.; Al-Jassim, M. M.; Wang, T. H.; Ciszek, T. F.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Tab-Trees: A CASE Tool for the Design of Extended Tabular Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tabular Systems constitute a particular form of rule-based systems. They follow the pattern of Relational Databases and Attributive Decision Tables. In Extended Tabular Systems non-atomic values of attributes are allowed. In order to assure safe, reliable ...

Antoni Ligeza; Igor Wojnicki; Grzegorz J. Nalepa

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Extended-Range Probabilistic Forecasts of Ganges and Brahmaputra Floods in Bangladesh  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors have developed a new extended-range flood forecasting system for large river basins that uses satellite data and statistically rendered probabilistic weather and climate predictions to initialize basin-scale hydrological models. The ...

Peter J. Webster; Jun Jian; Thomas M. Hopson; Carlos D. Hoyos; Paula A. Agudelo; Hai-Ru Chang; Judith A. Curry; Robert L. Grossman; Timothy N. Palmer; A. R. Subbiah

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Damage Modeling and Life Extending Control of a Boiler-Turbine System1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Damage Modeling and Life Extending Control of a Boiler-Turbine System1 Donglin Li Tongwen Chen2 hierarchical LEC structure and apply it to a typ- ical boiler system. There are two damage models

Marquez, Horacio J.

185

Creating supply chain visibility : a case study on extending Intel's Unit Level Traceability to customers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In an effort to enable supply chain visibility for Intel products, the Customer Unit Level Traceability (ULT) Program was formed to help extend Intel's ULT capability to the customer level. Increased traceability of Intel ...

Kang, Annie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Calibrated Short-Range Ensemble Precipitation Forecasts Using Extended Logistic Regression with Interaction Terms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extended logistic regression has been shown to be a method well suited to calibrating precipitation forecasts from medium-range ensemble prediction systems. The extension of the logistic regression unifies the separate predictive equations for ...

Zied Ben Bouallègue

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Reducing inventory and order delivery time in an internal extended value chain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The extended value stream for the ABB Power Technologies Medium Voltage Business Area consists of numerous factories situated across various different countries. Most of these facilities were originally acquired by ABB to ...

Siefering, Brian W

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Memory technology for extended large-scale integration in future electronics applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extending 2-D planar topologies in integrated circuits (ICs) to a 3-D implementation has the obvious benefits of reducing the overall footprint and average interconnection length, with associated improvements in cost, and delay and energy consumption, ...

Dinesh Pamunuwa

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Does Extending Daylight Saving Time Save Energy? Evidence from an Australian Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CSEM WP 163 Does Extending Daylight Saving Time Save Energy?advantage of the fact that DST does not affect electricityHowever, the simulation does not include non-residential

KELLOGG, RYAN M; Wolff, Hendrik

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

DOE Extends Public Comment Period for the Draft Uranium Leasing Program Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced that the public comment period for the Draft Uranium Leasing Program Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (ULP PEIS) has been extended to May 31, 2013.

191

State-Aware Performance Analysis with eXtended Stochastic Probes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We define a mechanism for specifying performance queries which combine instantaneous observations of model states and finite sequences of observations of model activities. We realise these queries by composing the state-aware observers (called eXtended ...

Allan Clark; Stephen Gilmore

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

An Extended Procedure for Implementing the Relative Operating Characteristic Graphical Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The functional relationship between the relative operating characteristic (ROC) and the economic value (EV) graphical methods have been exploited to develop a hybrid procedure called the extended ROC (EROC) method. The EROC retains the appealing ...

Fredrick H. M. Semazzi; Roberto J. Mera

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

An Extended Kalman Filter Framework for Polarimetric X-Band Weather Radar Data Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The different quantities measured by dual-polarization radar systems are closely linked to each other. An extended Kalman filter framework is proposed in order to make use of constraints on individual radar observables that are induced by these ...

Marc Schneebeli; Alexis Berne

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Extending the Numerical Stability Limit of Terrain-Following Coordinate Models over Steep Slopes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To extend the numerical stability limit over steep slopes, a truly horizontal pressure-gradient discretization based on the ideas formulated by Mahrer in the 1980s has been developed. Conventionally, the pressure gradient is evaluated in the ...

Günther Zängl

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Department of Energy Extends Comment Period on Proposed Revisions to its  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Extends Comment Period on Proposed Revisions Extends Comment Period on Proposed Revisions to its NEPA Rules Department of Energy Extends Comment Period on Proposed Revisions to its NEPA Rules February 17, 2011 - 5:29pm Addthis The Department of Energy today announced that, in response to requests from a number of parties, it has re-opened the public comment period on its proposed revisions to the Department's NEPA rules. The public comment period will be extended three weeks and will now close on March 7, 2011. DOE, on January 3, 2011, issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking to amend its regulations governing compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). The proposals focus primarily on the Department's categorical exclusion provisions, and reflect the first update to these provisions in

196

Sensitivity of the Systematic Error of Extended Range Forecasts to Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The sensitivity of the systematic error of extended-range forecasts to sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies is investigated. General circulation model (GCM) experiments were performed to quantify error patterns for warm, normal, and cold SST ...

Kingtse C. Mo; X. L. Wang

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Session 4: EER: Extended (or Enhanced) ER Model (CH-2 and 3)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Session 4: EER: Extended (or Enhanced) ER Model (CH-2 and 3) CSCI-585 , Cyrus Shahabi · Example ER to no subclass. EER-to-Relational Mapping · Option 1: One table for superclass + two tables for subclasses (one

Shahabi, Cyrus

198

extended abstract  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

temperature is lowered to 700 ºC prior to flowing propane into the chamber. ... of propane gas at higher temperature enhances void formation, leading to ...

199

Impact of Extended Daylight Saving Time on National Energy Consumption Report to Congress  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Policy Act of 2005 (Pub. L. No. 109-58; EPAct 2005) amended the Uniform Time Act of 1966 (Pub. L. No. 89-387) to increase the portion of the year that is subject to Daylight Saving Time. (15 U.S.C. 260a note) EPAct 2005 extended the duration of Daylight Saving Time in the spring by changing its start date from the first Sunday in April to the second Sunday in March, and in the fall by changing its end date from the last Sunday in October to the first Sunday in November. (15 U.S.C. 260a note) EPAct 2005 also called for the Department of Energy to evaluate the impact of Extended Daylight Saving Time on energy consumption in the United States and to submit a report to Congress. (15 U.S.C. 260a note) This report presents the results of impacts of Extended Daylight Saving Time on the national energy consumption in the United States. The key findings are: (1) The total electricity savings of Extended Daylight Saving Time were about 1.3 Tera Watt-hour (TWh). This corresponds to 0.5 percent per each day of Extended Daylight Saving Time, or 0.03 percent of electricity consumption over the year. In reference, the total 2007 electricity consumption in the United States was 3,900 TWh. (2) In terms of national primary energy consumption, the electricity savings translate to a reduction of 17 Trillion Btu (TBtu) over the spring and fall Extended Daylight Saving Time periods, or roughly 0.02 percent of total U.S. energy consumption during 2007 of 101,000 TBtu. (3) During Extended Daylight Saving Time, electricity savings generally occurred over a three- to five-hour period in the evening with small increases in usage during the early-morning hours. On a daily percentage basis, electricity savings were slightly greater during the March (spring) extension of Extended Daylight Saving Time than the November (fall) extension. On a regional basis, some southern portions of the United States exhibited slightly smaller impacts of Extended Daylight Saving Time on energy savings compared to the northern regions, a result possibly due to a small, offsetting increase in household air conditioning usage. (4) Changes in national traffic volume and motor gasoline consumption for passenger vehicles in 2007 were determined to be statistically insignificant and therefore, could not be attributed to Extended Daylight Saving Time.

Belzer, D. B.; Hadley, S. W.; Chin, S-M.

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

09/13/2007 08:42 PMTweaking Genes Could Extend ALS Survival Page 1 of 1http://health.usnews.com/usnews/health/healthday/070913/tweaking-genes-could-extend-als-survival.htm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

09/13/2007 08:42 PMTweaking Genes Could Extend ALS Survival Page 1 of 1http://health.usnews.com/usnews/health/healthday/070913/tweaking-genes-could-extend-als-survival.htm Tweaking Genes Could Extend ALS Survival Mouse study.S. scientists say they've spotted genes that influence survival in mice with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS

Engelhardt, John F.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour epact05 extended" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Gap Analysis to Support Extended Storage of Used Nuclear Fuel | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Gap Analysis to Support Extended Storage of Used Nuclear Fuel Gap Analysis to Support Extended Storage of Used Nuclear Fuel Gap Analysis to Support Extended Storage of Used Nuclear Fuel The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy (DOE-NE), Office of Fuel Cycle Technology, has established the Used Fuel Disposition Campaign (UFDC) to conduct the research and development activities related to storage, transportation, and disposal of used nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste. The mission of the UFDC is to identify alternatives and conduct scientific research and technology development to enable storage, transportation and disposal of used nuclear fuel (UNF) and wastes generated by existing and future nuclear fuel cycles. The Storage and Transportation staff within the UFDC are responsible for addressing issues regarding the

202

Suppression of dynamics in coupled discrete systems in interaction with an extended environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the suppression of dynamics and occurrence of quiescent states in an extended system of coupled discrete dynamical systems. This phenomenon is induced by interaction with another similar system with a different and damped dynamics which we call an extended environment. Both the system and the environment are in a feedback loop and their mutual influence leads to suppression of dynamic activity. We illustrate this in the specific case of a system of coupled neurons modelled by a 2-dimensional discrete system called Rulkov maps. A detailed analysis is carried out by considering single units of discrete systems where control to steady states is induced by an external damped system. This is then extended to rings and lattices. As an important application, we also present how the excitation waves produced due to defect neurons can be suppressed by interaction with a system of passive cells.

Snehal M. Shekatkar; G. Ambika

2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

203

DOE Extends Comment Period on Notice of Inquiry Under the Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Notice of Inquiry Under the Energy Notice of Inquiry Under the Energy Independence and Security Act DOE Extends Comment Period on Notice of Inquiry Under the Energy Independence and Security Act August 18, 2010 - 4:33pm Addthis Today, in response to a formal request, General Counsel Scott Blake Harris approved a 30-day extension of the public comment period on DOE's Notice of Inquiry (75 FR 43945) soliciting comment on the development of regulations to carry out section 934 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, which implements the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage. The public comment period will be extended to October 27, 2010. The signed extension which is provided here, will be published shortly in the Federal Register. Addthis Related Articles DOE Extends Comment Period on Notice of Inquiry Under the Energy

204

DOE Extends Public Comment Period for the Draft Uranium Leasing Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the Draft Uranium Leasing the Draft Uranium Leasing Program Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement DOE Extends Public Comment Period for the Draft Uranium Leasing Program Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement June 3, 2013 - 3:05pm Addthis Contractor, Bob Darr, S.M. Stoller Corporation Public Affairs, (720) 377-9672, ULinfo@lm.doe.gov May 29, 2013 DOE Extends Public Comment Period for Uranium Program Environmental Impact Statement The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced that the public comment period for the Draft Uranium Leasing Program Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (ULP PEIS) has been extended to July 1, 2013. Under the Uranium Leasing Program, DOE's Office of Legacy Management manages 31 tracts of land in Mesa, Montrose, and San Miguel counties in

205

What You Need to Know About the Extended Federal Tax Credits for Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

What You Need to Know About the Extended Federal Tax Credits for What You Need to Know About the Extended Federal Tax Credits for Energy Efficiency What You Need to Know About the Extended Federal Tax Credits for Energy Efficiency February 27, 2013 - 4:14pm Addthis You may qualify for tax credits for energy-efficient purchases. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/Tsuji You may qualify for tax credits for energy-efficient purchases. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/Tsuji Erik Hyrkas Erik Hyrkas Media Relations Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy How can I participate? Check to see if energy-efficient products that you purchased in 2012 or plan to purchase in 2013 qualify for a 2012 tax credit. For federal and state-specific tax credits and rebates, check out our Savings page. There's good news for consumers this tax return season. As part of the

206

DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program: Deadline Extended for Early Market  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Deadline Extended for Early Market Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Funding Deadline Extended for Early Market Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Funding Opportunity Jun 26, 2013 DOE has extended the application deadline for the "Fuel Cell Hybrid Electric Medium Duty Trucks, Roof-top Backup Power, and Advanced Hydrogen Refueling Components" funding opportunity announcement. Applications are now due by 5:00 p.m. EDT on July 25, 2013. Letters of intent are due on July 12, 2013. In support of the Obama Administration's all-of-the-above energy strategy, on June 11 the Energy Department announced up to $9 million in new funding to accelerate the development of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies for use in vehicles, backup power systems, and hydrogen refueling components. These investments will strengthen U.S. leadership in cost-effective

207

EQ-SANS: the Extended Q-Range Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Diffractometer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Extended Q-Range Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Diffractometer at SNS The Extended Q-Range Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Diffractometer at SNS Extended Q-Range Small Angle Diffractometer EQ-SANS detector array The EQ-SANS Diffractometer is designed to study non-crystalline, nano-sized materials in solid, liquid, or gas forms such as polymers, micelles, proteins, and other large biological molecular complexes in solution. It offers high neutron flux, high wavelength resolution (precision), and wide Q-coverage. EQSANS is located on beam line 6, viewing the top-downstream, coupled supercritical hydrogen moderator. It has a curved multichannel beam bender to avoid the direct line of sight of the moderator, which cleans out the background from the prompt neutron pulse quite effectively. The cutoff wavelength of the optics is ~1.5 Å. Above this minimum wavelength, the

208

Search for relationship between duration of the extended solar cycles and amplitude of sunspot cycle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Duration of the extended solar cycles is taken into the consideration. The beginning of cycles is counted from the moment of polarity reversal of large-scale magnetic field in high latitudes, occurring in the sunspot cycle n till the minimum of the cycle n+2. The connection between cycle duration and its amplitude is established. Duration of the "latent" period of evolution of extended cycle between reversals and a minimum of the current sunspot cycle is entered. It is shown, that the latent period of cycles evolution is connected with the next sunspot cycle amplitude and can be used for the prognosis of a level and time of a sunspot maximum. The 24-th activity cycle prognosis is done. Long-term behavior of extended cycle's lengths is considered.

Tlatov, A G

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Search for relationship between duration of the extended solar cycles and amplitude of sunspot cycle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Duration of the extended solar cycles is taken into the consideration. The beginning of cycles is counted from the moment of polarity reversal of large-scale magnetic field in high latitudes, occurring in the sunspot cycle n till the minimum of the cycle n+2. The connection between cycle duration and its amplitude is established. Duration of the "latent" period of evolution of extended cycle between reversals and a minimum of the current sunspot cycle is entered. It is shown, that the latent period of cycles evolution is connected with the next sunspot cycle amplitude and can be used for the prognosis of a level and time of a sunspot maximum. The 24-th activity cycle prognosis is done. Long-term behavior of extended cycle's lengths is considered.

A. G. Tlatov

2007-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

210

Dynamic Analysis of Wind Turbine Planetary Gears Using an Extended Harmonic Balance Approach: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The dynamics of wind turbine planetary gears with gravity effects are investigated using an extended harmonic balance method that extends established harmonic balance formulations to include simultaneous internal and external excitations. The extended harmonic balance method with arc-length continuation and Floquet theory is applied to a lumped-parameter planetary gear model including gravity, fluctuating mesh stiffness, bearing clearance, and nonlinear tooth contact to obtain the planetary gear dynamic response. The calculated responses compare well with time domain integrated mathematical models and experimental results. Gravity is a fundamental vibration source in wind turbine planetary gears and plays an important role in system dynamics, causing hardening effects induced by tooth wedging and bearing-raceway contacts. Bearing clearance significantly reduces the lowest resonant frequencies of translational modes. Gravity and bearing clearance together lowers the speed at which tooth wedging occurs lower than the resonant frequency.

Guo, Y.; Keller, J.; Parker, R. G.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Optimal Lyapunov quantum control on two-level systems: convergence and extended techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Taking a two-level system as an example, we show that a strong control field may enhance the efficiency of optimal Lyapunov quantum control in [Hou et al., Phys. Rev. A \\textbf{86}, 022321 (2012)] but could decrease its control fidelity. A relationship between the strength of the control field and the control fidelity is established. An extended technique, which combines free evolution and external control, is proposed to improve the control fidelity. We analytically demonstrate that the extended technique can be used to design a control law for steering a two-level system exactly to the target state. In such a way, the convergence of the extended optimal Lyapunov quantum control can be guaranteed.

L. C. Wang; S. C. Hou; X. X. Yi; Daoyi Dong; Ian R. Petersen

2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

212

Devices with extended area structures for mass transfer processing of fluids  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microchannel device includes several mass transfer microchannels to receive a fluid media for processing at least one heat transfer microchannel in fluid communication with a heat transfer fluid defined by a thermally conductive wall, and at several thermally conductive fins each connected to the wall and extending therefrom to separate the mass transfer microchannels from one another. In one form, the device may optionally include another heat transfer microchannel and corresponding wall that is positioned opposite the first wall and has the fins and the mass transfer microchannels extending therebetween.

TeGrotenhuis, Ward E. (Kennewick, WA); Wegeng, Robert S. (Richland, WA); Whyatt, Greg A. (West Richland, WA); King, David L. (Richland, WA); Brooks, Kriston P. (Kennewick, WA); Stenkamp, Victoria S. (Richland, WA)

2009-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

213

International thermonuclear experimental reactor-like extended Solovev equilibria with parallel flow  

SciTech Connect

A Solovev-like equilibrium solution is extended to plasmas with incompressible flow parallel to the magnetic field. ITER-like configurations are constructed for Alfven Mach functions peaked either on or off the magnetic axis. The linear stability of the equilibrium is also examined by applying a sufficient condition.

Throumoulopoulos, G. N. [Section of Theoretical Physics, University of Ioannina, Association Euratom-Hellenic Republic, GR 451 10 Ioannina (Greece); Tasso, H. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Euratom Association, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

214

Extended Electrodynamics: II. Properties and invariant characteristics of the non-linear vacuum solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper aims to consider the general properties of the non-linear solutions to the vacuum equations of Extended Electrodynamics. The *-invariance and the conformal invariance of the equations are mentioned. It is also proved that all non-linear solutions have zero invariants: F_{\\mu\

S. Donev; M. Tashkova

1997-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

215

Skill and Return of Skill in Dynamic Extended-Range Forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The skill of a set of extended-range dynamical forecasts made with a modern numerical forecast model is examined. A forecast is said to be skillful if it produces a high quality forecast by correctly modeling some aspects of the dynamics of the ...

Jeffrey L. Anderson; Huug M. van den Dool

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Extending the notion of quality from physical metrology to information and sustainability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we intend to demonstrate the need for extending the notion of quality from the physical domain to information and, more comprehensively, to sustainability. In physical metrology there are well established principles such as fundamental ... Keywords: Information quality, Metrology, Quality, Sustain ability

Gaurav Ameta; Sudarsan Rachuri; Xenia Fiorentini; Mahesh Mani; Steven J. Fenves; Kevin W. Lyons; Ram D. Sriram

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

SAT(ID): satisfiability of propositional logic extended with inductive definitions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate the satisfiability problem, SAT(ID), of an extension of propositional logic with inductive definitions. We demonstrate how to extend existing SAT solvers to become SAT(ID) solvers, and provide an implementation on top of MiniSat. We also ...

Maarten Mariën; Johan Wittocx; Marc Denecker; Maurice Bruynooghe

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Hdrug. A Flexible and Extendible Development Environment for Natural Language Processing.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The package is written in Sic- stus Prolog and Tcl/Tk. The system pro- vides a graphical user interface of the functionality provided by Hdrug. The system is easily extendible because of the use of the Tcl/Tk scripting of non-experts. Hdrug is implemented in SICStus Prolog version 3, exploiting the built-in Tcl/Tk library

219

Equilibrium free energy estimates based on nonequilibrium work relations and extended dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Equilibrium free energy estimates based on nonequilibrium work relations and extended dynamics the equilibrium free energy and the nonequilibrium work is useful for computer simulations. In this paper, we exploit the fact that the free energy is a state function, independent of the pathway taken to change

Sun, Sean

220

The search for extended air showers at the Jicamarca Radio Observatory  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the status of the project to detect extended air showers at the Jicamarca Radio Observatory. We report on detected anomalous signals and present a toy model to estimate at what altitudes we might expect to see air shower signals. According to this model, a significant number of high altitude horizontal air showers could be observed by radar techniques.

Wahl, D. [Radio Observatorio de Jicamarca, Instituto Geofisico del Peru (Peru); Instituto de Fisica, Universidad Nacional de Ingenieria, Lima (Peru); Chau, J.; Galindo, F.; Huaman, A. [Radio Observatorio de Jicamarca, Instituto Geofisico del Peru (Peru); Solano, C. J. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad Nacional de Ingenieria, Lima (Peru); Instituto Nacional de Investigacion y Capacitacion de Telecomunicaciones, UNI, Lima (Peru)

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour epact05 extended" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Distribution of Energy and Convergence to Equilibria in Extended Dissipative Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distribution of Energy and Convergence to Equilibria in Extended Dissipative Systems Thierry Gallay the energy density e # 0 satisfies an evolution law of the form # t e = div x f -d, where -f is the energy flux and d # 0 the energy dissipation rate. We also suppose that |f | 2 # b(e)d for some nonnegative

Gallay, Thierry

222

Distribution of Energy and Convergence to Equilibria in Extended Dissipative Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distribution of Energy and Convergence to Equilibria in Extended Dissipative Systems Thierry Gallay partial differential equa- tions on unbounded spatial domains. We consider systems for which the energy density e 0 satisfies an evolution law of the form te = divxf - d, where -f is the energy flux and d 0

Gallay, Thierry

223

Stability Analysis of a New Extended L1 Controller with Experimental Validation on an Underwater Vehicle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stability Analysis of a New Extended L1 Controller with Experimental Validation on an Underwater on an underwater vehicle subjected to a varying trajectory under several dis- turbances are then displayed. Moreover, experimental results are provided on an underwater vehicle in depth. The robot is expected

224

A Research on Engine Speed Control for Extended-range Electric Vehicle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

in the powertrain of extended-rang electric vehicle, an optimum operating point is needed for improving the efficiency of the engine. In this paper, base on the physical model and practical data of engine, a nonlinear engine model was built. Then use ... Keywords: Electric Vehicle, Engine Modeling, Engine Speed, enDYNA

Yan Jing, Zhiyuan Liu

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Extended abstracts. Volume 78-1. [Seattle, Wash. , May 21--26, 1978  

SciTech Connect

Extended abstracts (2 or 3 pages in length) are presented for 581 papers presented at this meeting. Sessions of the following divisions are included: Corrosion, Dielectrics and Insulation, Electronics, Electrothermics and Metallurgy, Energy Technology Group, Industrial Electrolytic, Organic and Biological Electrochemistry, and Physical Electrochemistry. (RWR)

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

A new extended Birnbaum-Saunders regression model for lifetime modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new class of extended Birnbaum-Saunders regression models is introduced. It can be applied to censored data and be used more effectively in survival analysis and fatigue life studies. Maximum likelihood estimation of the model parameters with censored ... Keywords: Birnbaum-Saunders distribution, Censored data, Fatigue life distribution, Lifetime data, Local influence analysis

Artur J. Lemonte

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Comparison of extended Jones matrices for twisted nematic liquid-crystal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Engineering, Hong Kong University of Science & Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong Received April derived by using Yeh's formulation of the extended 2 2 Jones matrix and applied to twisted nematic liquid birefringent layers. We show that Yeh's version is a more accurate approximation to the full 4 4 matrix

228

Design and implementation of aggregation platform for extended ethernet transport and services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes an industry best practice of edge routing and switching platform development for extended high-speed Ethernet transport and services. This is the first system designed to provide integrated 10Gb/s LAN/WAN PHY and OTN G.709 digital ...

Shu Xiao; Chaoping Wu; Sathish Teganahalli; Shakeel Ahmed; Hao Tran; Rajashekhar Reddy

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

An Extended Solar Cycle 23 with Deep Minimum Transition to Cycle 24: Assessments and Climatic Ramifications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The extended length of solar cycle 23 and the associated deep quiet period (QP) between cycles 23 and 24 have been examined using the international sunspot record from 1755 to 2010. This study has also introduced a QP definition based on a (...

Ernest M. Agee; Emily Cornett; Kandace Gleason

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

EXTENDED RANGE FORECAST OF ATLANTIC SEASONAL HURRICANE ACTIVITY AND LANDFALL STRIKE PROBABILITY FOR 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EXTENDED RANGE FORECAST OF ATLANTIC SEASONAL HURRICANE ACTIVITY AND LANDFALL STRIKE PROBABILITY increased our forecast slightly from early April, due to large amounts of uncertainty in both the phase and William M. Gray2 This forecast as well as past forecasts and verifications are available via the World

231

EXTENDED RANGE FORECAST OF ATLANTIC SEASONAL HURRICANE ACTIVITY AND LANDFALL STRIKE PROBABILITY FOR 2013  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EXTENDED RANGE FORECAST OF ATLANTIC SEASONAL HURRICANE ACTIVITY AND LANDFALL STRIKE PROBABILITY activity is predicted. (as of 10 April 2013) By Philip J. Klotzbach1 and William M. Gray2 This forecast as well as past forecasts and verifications are available via the World Wide Web at http://hurricane.atmos.colostate.edu/Forecasts

232

EXTENDED RANGE FORECAST OF ATLANTIC SEASONAL HURRICANE ACTIVITY AND LANDFALL STRIKE PROBABILITY FOR 2013  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EXTENDED RANGE FORECAST OF ATLANTIC SEASONAL HURRICANE ACTIVITY AND LANDFALL STRIKE PROBABILITY-average forecast, we are calling for an above-average probability of United States and Caribbean major hurricane landfall. (as of 3 June 2013) By Philip J. Klotzbach1 and William M. Gray2 This forecast as well as past

233

EXTENDED RANGE FORECAST OF ATLANTIC SEASONAL HURRICANE ACTIVITY AND LANDFALL STRIKE PROBABILITY FOR 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EXTENDED RANGE FORECAST OF ATLANTIC SEASONAL HURRICANE ACTIVITY AND LANDFALL STRIKE PROBABILITY activity is predicted. (as of 4 April 2012) By Philip J. Klotzbach1 and William M. Gray2 This forecast as well as past forecasts and verifications are available via the World Wide Web at http://hurricane.atmos.colostate.edu/Forecasts

234

SF STATE Extended Learning SF State ABA Approved Academic Certificate Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SF STATE Extended Learning 2013/2014 SF State ABA Approved Academic Certificate Program PARALEGAL STUDIES www.cel.sfsu.edu/paralegal/ "The program holds you to top standards: if you can succeed in it, you will be well prepared for paralegal work anywhere. For instance, I found the assignments to be very realistic

235

Modeling infrastructure interdependency among floodplain infrastructures with extended Petri-Net  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Safety assessment of the infrastructures in a network can be predicted using the extended Petri-Net analysis. The analysis has been applied to a system of floodplain infrastructures consisting of power generating infrastructures, e.g., water storage ... Keywords: Markov chain, infrastructure, interdependency, reachability graph, transition probability

S. Sultana; Z. Chen

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Extending the operating system at the user level: the Ufo global file system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we show how to extend the functionality of standard operating systems completely at the user level. Our approach works by intercepting selected system calls at the user level, using tracing facilities such as the /proc file system provided ... Keywords: /proc file system, file caching, global file system, global name space, operating systems, user-level extensions

Albert D. Alexandrov; Maximilian Ibel; Klaus E. Schauser; Chris J. Scheiman

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Switching algorithms for extending battery life in Electric Vehicles Ron Adany a,*, Doron Aurbach b  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of automobiles. The propulsion solutions for EVs are based on hybrid or fully battery powered electric vehiclesSwitching algorithms for extending battery life in Electric Vehicles Ron Adany a,*, Doron Aurbach b 27 December 2012 Keywords: Electric Vehicles (EV) Switching algorithms Battery life Lithium ion

Kraus, Sarit

238

Parameter sensitivity analysis of crop growth models based on the extended Fourier Amplitude Sensitivity Test method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sensitivity analysis (SA) has become a basic tool for the understanding, application and development of models. However, in the past, little attention has been paid to the effects of the parameter sample size and parameter variation range on the parameter ... Keywords: Extended FAST, Multivariable output, Parameter variation range, Sample size, Time-dependent properties, WOFOST crop growth models

Jing Wang, Xin Li, Ling Lu, Feng Fang

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

What is the Issue? The Marcellus Shale is a geologic shale bed that extends across much  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

What is the Issue? The Marcellus Shale is a geologic shale bed that extends across much of the Marcellus Shale. Energy companies plan to nearly double the number of drilling rigs by the end of the year, this development illustrates the attractiveness of market proximity and the quality of Marcellus Shale gas

Wang, Z. Jane

240

DOE Extends Deadline for Submission of Smart Grid RFI Reply Comments |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Deadline for Submission of Smart Grid RFI Reply Deadline for Submission of Smart Grid RFI Reply Comments DOE Extends Deadline for Submission of Smart Grid RFI Reply Comments July 16, 2010 - 3:20pm Addthis Due to an unexpectedly large public response, the Department of Energy will extend by two weeks the deadline for submission of reply comments in response to its two Smart Grid RFIs. Originally set at July 26, the new deadline will be August 9, 2010. The Department's Smart Grid RFIs (both released in May 2010) were intended to inform the Department as it develops policies regarding the integration of broadband technologies with the Smart Grid. The first RFI solicited comments from electric utilities, consumer groups, and other stakeholders on ongoing federal, state, and private efforts to use or allow

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour epact05 extended" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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241

DOE Extends Comment Period on Notice of Inquiry Under the Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

October 14, 2010 - 10:17am October 14, 2010 - 10:17am Addthis Today, in response to a formal request, General Counsel Scott Blake Harris approved a second and final extension of the public comment period to November 30, 2010 on DOE's Notice of Inquiry (75 FR 43945) soliciting comment on the development of regulations to carry out section 934 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, which implements the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage. The original deadline of September 27, 2010 was extended to October 27, 2010 (75 FR 51986) in response to public comment. The signed extension provided here will be published shortly in the Federal Register. Addthis Related Articles DOE Extends Comment Period on Notice of Inquiry Under the Energy Independence and Security Act

242

Effect of Extended Defects in Planar and Pixelated CdZnTe Detectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We evaluated a spectroscopy-grade 15 x 15 x 7 mm{sup 3} CdZnTe (CZT) crystal with a high {mu}{tau}-product, > 10{sup -2} cm{sup 2}/V, but impaired by microscopic extended defects, such as walls of dislocations, low-angle and sub-grain boundaries, and Te inclusions. First, we evaluated a planar detector fabricated from this crystal using a Microscale X-ray Detector Mapping (MXDM) technique. Then, we fabricated from the same crystal a pixel detector to study local non-uniformities of the electric field. The measured X-ray response maps confirmed the presence of non-uniformities in the charge transport, and they showed that the global- and local-distortions of the internal E-field correlated to the extended defects and space-charge buildup on the side surfaces.

C Camarda; K Andreini; A Bolotnikov; Y Cui; A Hossain; R Gul; K Kim; L Marchini; L Xu; et al.

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

243

Extending Efficiency Services to Underserved Households: NYSERDAs Assisted Home Performance with ENERGY STAR Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

N April 4, 2012 Extending Efficiency Services to Underserved Households: NYSERDA's Assisted Home Performance with ENERGY STAR Program Since 2001, New York residents have completed over 39,000 energy upgrades through NYSERDA's Home Performance with ENERGY STAR (HPwES) initiative. Approximately one third of these projects have been completed through the Assisted HPwES track, which offers large incentives to middle income

244

DETERMINING THE NATURE OF THE EXTENDED H I STRUCTURE AROUND LITTLE THINGS DWARF GALAXY NGC 1569  

SciTech Connect

This work presents an extended, neutral hydrogen emission map around Magellanic-type dwarf irregular galaxy (dIm) NGC 1569. In the spring of 2010, the Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope was used to map a 9 Degree-Sign Multiplication-Sign 2 Degree-Sign region in H I line emission that includes NGC 1569 and IC 342 as well as two other dwarf galaxies. The primary objective for these observations was to search for structures potentially connecting NGC 1569 with IC 342 group members in order to trace previous interactions and thus, provide an explanation for the starburst and peculiar kinematics prevalent in NGC 1569. A large, half-degree diameter H I cloud was detected that shares the same position and velocity as NGC 1569. Also, two long structures were discovered that are reminiscent of intergalactic filaments extending out in a V-shaped manner from NGC 1569 toward UGCA 92, a nearby dwarf galaxy. These filamentary structures extend for about 1. Degree-Sign 5, which is 77 kpc at NGC 1569. There is a continuous velocity succession with the 0. Degree-Sign 5 H I cloud, filaments, and main body of the galaxy. The 0. Degree-Sign 5 H I cloud and filamentary structures may be foreground Milky Way, but are suggestive as possible remnants of an interaction between NGC 1569 and UGCA 92. The data also show two tidal tails extending from UGCA 86 and IC 342, respectively. These structures may be part of a continuous H I bridge but more data are needed to determine if this is the case.

Johnson, Megan, E-mail: mjohnson@nrao.edu [Lowell Observatory, 1400 West Mars Hill Road, Flagstaff, AZ 86001 (United States); National Radio Astronomy Observatory, P.O. Box 2, Green Bank, WV 24915 (United States)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

245

Interim Storage of Low and Intermediate Level Wastes: Guidelines for Extended Storage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Domestic utilities are responding to impending changes in low-level waste (LLW) disposal site facility availability by extending their capabilities for interim on-site storage of LLW. International utilities likewise face challenges in implementing complete low and intermediate waste disposal options. Therefore, our members asked EPRI to revise and update our series of documents devoted to on-site interim LLW storage. This report represents the key guidelines document for the series.

2002-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

246

A nonlinear relativistic approach to mathematical representation of vacuum electromagnetism based on extended Lie derivative  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents an alternative {\\it relativistic nonlinear} approach to the vacuum case of classical electrodynamics. Our view is based on the understanding that the corresponding differential equations should be dynamical in nature. So, they must represent local energy-momentum balance relations. Formally, the new equations are in terms of appropriately extended Lie derivative of $\\mathbb{R}^2$-valued differential 2-form along a $\\mathbb{R}^2$-valued 2-vector on Minkowski space-time.

Stoil Donev; Maria Tashkova

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

247

A nonlinear relativistic approach to mathematical representation of vacuum electromagnetism based on extended Lie derivative  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents an alternative {\\it relativistic nonlinear} approach to the vacuum case of classical electrodynamics. Our view is based on the understanding that the corresponding differential equations should be dynamical in nature. So, they must represent local energy-momentum balance relations. Formally, the new equations are in terms of appropriately extended Lie derivative of $\\mathbb{R}^2$-valued differential 2-form along a $\\mathbb{R}^2$-valued 2-vector on Minkowski space-time.

Donev, Stoil

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Extending the boundaries of the usage of NMR chemical shifts in deciphering biomolecular structure and dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Extending the Boundaries of the Usage of NMR Chemical Shifts in Deciphering Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics Aleksandr B. Sahakyan A thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy Department of Chemistry University of Cambridge Darwin 9... ? and ? dihedral angles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 1.3 The gas-phase optimised structures of the selected representative conformations of Ace-Ala-Nme with the fixed ? and ? angles and the corresponding secondary...

Sahakyan, Aleksandr B.

2012-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

249

Beyond the No Core Shell Model: Extending the NCSM to Heavier Nuclei  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The No Core Shell Model (NCSM) is an ab initio method for calculating the properties of light nuclei, up to about A = 20, in which all A nucleons are treated as being active. It is difficult to go to larger A values due to the rapid grow of the basis spaces required in order to obtain converged results. In this presentation we briefly discuss three new techniques for extending the NCSM to heavier mass nuclei.

Barrett, Bruce R. [Department of Physics, P.O. Box 210081, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721-0081 (United States)

2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

250

Water Velocity Measurement on an Extended-Length Submerged Bar Screen at John Day Dam  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes a study of water velocity around an extended-length submerged bar screen (ESBS) at John Day Dam. The study was conducted for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers by AScI Corporation and MEVATEC Corporation in March of 2000. This report was prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. ESBS are being studied as one method for diverting juvenile migrating fish from the dam's turbine intakes into the gate well and through the juvenile fish bypass channels.

Weiland, Mark A

2001-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

251

Extended TOPSIS with Correlation Coefficient of Triangular Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets for Multiple Attribute Group Decision Making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper extends the technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution TOPSIS for solving multi-attribute group decision making MAGDM problems under triangular intuitionistic fuzzy sets by using its correlation coefficient. In situations ... Keywords: Correlation of Triangular Intuitionistic Fuzzy Number, Multi-Attribute Group Decision Making MAGDM, TOPSIS, Triangular Intuitionistic Fuzzy Hybrid Aggregation TIFHA Operator, Triangular Intuitionistic Fuzzy Ordered Weighted Averaging TIFOWA Operator

John Robinson P.; Henry AmirtharajE. C.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Waste Containers for Extended Storage of Class A, B and C Wastes, Rev. 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In response to the potential loss of low-level waste (LLW) disposal capacity for Class B and C Wastes in 2008, EPRI is updating its guidance documents on the interim storage of LLW wastes. This volume provides a comprehensive review of LLW containers and container technologies to help utilities evaluate their options and make selections for extended on-site storage. This revision updates the listings of commercially available containers, adds international containers, and provides minor technical changes...

2003-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

253

An extended segment pattern dictionary for pattern matching tracking algorithm at BESIII  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A pattern matching based tracking algorithm, named MdcPatRec, is used for the reconstruction of charged tracks in the drift chamber of the BESIII detector. This paper addresses the shortage of segment finding in MdcPatRec algorithm. An extended segment construction scheme and the corresponding pattern dictionary are presented. Evaluation with Monte-Carlo and experimental data show that the new method can achieve higher efficiency for low transverse momentum tracks.

Changli Ma; Yao Zhang; Ye Yuan; Xiao-Rui LU; Yangheng Zheng; Kanglin He; Weidong Li; Huaiming Liu; Qiumei Ma; Linghui Wu

2013-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

254

Extended storage of low-level radioactive waste: potential problem areas  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

If a state or state compact does not have adequate disposal capacity for low-level radioactive waste (LLRW) by 1986 as required by the Low-Level Waste Policy Act, then extended storage of certain LLRW may be necessary. The issue of extended storage of LLRW is addressed in order to determine for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission the areas of concern and the actions recommended to resolve these concerns. The focus is on the properties and behavior of the waste form and waste container. Storage alternatives are considered in order to characterize the likely storage environments for these wastes. The areas of concern about extended storage of LLRW are grouped into two categories: 1. Behavior of the waste form and/or container during storage, e.g., radiolytic gas generation, radiation-enhanced degradation of polymeric materials, and corrosion. 2. Effects of extended storage on the properties of the waste form and/or container that are important after storage (e.g., radiation-induced oxidative embrittlement of high-density polyethylene and the weakening of steel containers resulting from corrosion by the waste). The additional information and actions required to address these concerns are discussed and, in particular, it is concluded that further information is needed on the rates of corrosion of container material by Class A wastes and on the apparent dose-rate dependence of radiolytic processes in Class B and C waste packages. Modifications to the guidance for solidified wastes and high-integrity containers in NRC's Technical Position on Waste Form are recommended. 27 references.

Siskind, B.; Dougherty, D.R.; MacKenzie, D.R.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Extending quantum control of time-independent systems to time-dependent systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We establish that if a scheme can control a time-independent system arbitrarily coupled to a generic finite bath over a short period of time $T$ with control precision $O(T^{N+1})$, it can also realize the control with the same order of precision on smoothly time-dependent systems. This result extends the validity of various universal dynamical control schemes to arbitrary analytically time-dependent systems.

Zhen-Yu Wang; Ren-Bao Liu

2011-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

256

Used Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste Extended Storage Collaboration Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) convened a workshop of over 40 representatives of the nuclear industry, federal government, national laboratories, and suppliers of used-fuel dry-storage systems to discuss the potential issues associated with extended dry storage of used fuel, that is, storage considerably beyond the term of current and recently proposed U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) regulations. The workshop was held November 18-19, 2009, at EPRI's offices in Washington, DC.

2010-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

257

Question of the Week: How Do You Feel About the Extended Daylight Saving  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Feel About the Extended Daylight Feel About the Extended Daylight Saving Time? Question of the Week: How Do You Feel About the Extended Daylight Saving Time? March 12, 2009 - 6:00am Addthis Have you been drinking extra coffee this week? The spring switch to Daylight Saving Time can be rough-especially for those of us who aren't morning people-but that extra time in the afternoon sun sure is nice! The change took a few people by surprise-this is only the third year that Daylight Saving Time started the second Sunday in March, rather than the first Sunday in April. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 changed the start and end dates of Daylight Saving Time in order to save energy, and DOE has found that it worked. The savings from the shift, while small percentage-wise, are enough to power about 122,000 average U.S. homes for a year. See the article in EERE

258

NYSERDA's Green Jobs-Green New York Program: Extending Energy Efficiency  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NYSERDA's Green Jobs-Green New York Program: Extending Energy Efficiency NYSERDA's Green Jobs-Green New York Program: Extending Energy Efficiency Financing To Underserved Households Title NYSERDA's Green Jobs-Green New York Program: Extending Energy Efficiency Financing To Underserved Households Publication Type Policy Brief Authors Zimring, Mark, and Merrian C. Fuller Tertiary Authors Borgeson, Merrian Secondary Title Clean Energy Program Policy Brief Publisher LBNL Place Published Berkeley Year of Publication 2011 Pagination 7 Date Published 01/2011 Abstract The New York legislature passed the Green Jobs-Green New York (GJGNY) Act in 2009. Administered by the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA), GJGNY programs provide New Yorkers with access to free or low-cost energy assessments, energy upgrade services, low-cost financing, and training for various "green-collar" careers. Launched in November 2010, GJGNY"s residential initiative is notable for its use of novel underwriting criteria to expand access to energy efficiency financing for households seeking to participate in New York"s Home Performance with Energy Star (HPwES) program. The GJGNY financing program is a valuable test of whether alternatives to credit scores can be used to responsibly expand credit opportunities for households that do not qualify for traditional lending products and, in doing so, enable more households to make energy efficiency upgrades.

259

Extended CO Solid: A New Class of High Energy Density Material  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Covalently bonded extended phases of molecular solids made of first- and second-row elements at high pressures are a new class of materials with advanced optical, mechanical and energetic properties. The existence of such extended solids has recently been demonstrated using diamond anvil cells in several systems, including N{sub 2}, CO{sub 2},and CO. However, the microscopic quantities produced at the formidable high-pressure/temperature conditions have limited the characterization of their predicted novel properties including high-energy content. In this paper, we present the first experimental evidence that these extended low-Z solids are indeed high energy density materials via milligram-scale high-pressure synthesis, recovery and characterization of polymeric CO (p-CO). Our spectroscopic data reveal that p-CO is a random polymer made of lactonic entities and conjugated C=C with an energy content rivaling or exceeding that of HMX. Solid p-CO explosively decomposes to CO{sub 2} and glassy carbon and thus might be used as an advanced energetic material.

Lipp, M J; Evans, W J; Baer, B J; Yoo, C

2004-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

260

EXTENDED STAR FORMATION IN THE INTERMEDIATE-AGE LARGE MAGELLANIC CLOUD STAR CLUSTER NGC 2209  

SciTech Connect

We present observations of the 1 Gyr old star cluster NGC 2209 in the Large Magellanic Cloud made with the GMOS imager on the Gemini South Telescope. These observations show that the cluster exhibits a main-sequence turnoff that spans a broader range in luminosity than can be explained by a single-aged stellar population. This places NGC 2209 amongst a growing list of intermediate-age (1-3 Gyr) clusters that show evidence for extended or multiple epochs of star formation of between 50 and 460 Myr in extent. The extended main-sequence turnoff observed in NGC 2209 is a confirmation of the prediction in Keller et al. made on the basis of the cluster's large core radius. We propose that secondary star formation is a defining feature of the evolution of massive star clusters. Dissolution of lower mass clusters through evaporation results in only clusters that have experienced secondary star formation surviving for a Hubble time, thus providing a natural connection between the extended main-sequence turnoff phenomenon and the ubiquitous light-element abundance ranges seen in the ancient Galactic globular clusters.

Keller, Stefan C.; Mackey, A. Dougal; Da Costa, Gary S. [Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University, Canberra (Australia)

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour epact05 extended" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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261

Extended-burnup LWR (light-water reactor) fuel: The amount, characteristics, and potential effects on interim storage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results of a study on extended-burnup, light-water reactor (LWR) spent fuel are described in this report. The study was performed by Pacific Northwest Laboratory for the US Department of Energy (DOE). The purpose of the study was to collect and evaluate information on the status of in-reactor performance and integrity of extended-burnup LWR fuel and initiate the investigation of the effects of extending fuel burnup on the subsequent handling, interim storage, and other operations (e.g., rod consolidation and shipping) associated with the back end of the fuel cycle. The results of this study will aid DOE and the nuclear industry in assessing the effects on waste management of extending the useful in-reactor life of nuclear fuel. The experience base with extended-burnup fuel is now substantial and projections for future use of extended-burnup fuel in domestic LWRs are positive. The basic performance and integrity of the fuel in the reactor has not been compromised by extending the burnup, and the potential limitations for further extending the burnup are not severe. 104 refs., 15 tabs.

Bailey, W.J.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE NARROWBAND SEARCH FOR EXTENDED Ly{alpha} EMISSION AROUND TWO z > 6 QUASARS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We search for extended Ly{alpha} emission around two z > 6 quasars, SDSS J1030+0524 (z = 6.309) and SDSS J1148+5251 (z = 6.419) using Wide Field Camera 3 narrowband filters on board the Hubble Space Telescope. For each quasar, we collected two deep, narrowband images, one sampling the Ly{alpha} line+continuum at the quasar redshifts and one of the continuum emission redward of the line. After carefully modeling the point-spread function, we find no evidence for extended Ly{alpha} emission. These observations set 2{sigma} limits of L(Ly{alpha}, extended) rates typically inferred from (rest-frame) far-infrared measurements of z {approx} 6 quasars, these limits are well below the intrinsic bright Ly{alpha} emission expected from the recombination of gas photoionized by the quasars or by the star formation in the host galaxies, and point toward significant Ly{alpha} suppression or dust attenuation. However, small extinction values have been observed along the line of sight to the nuclei, thus reddening has to be coupled with other mechanisms for Ly{alpha} suppression (e.g., resonance scattering). No Ly{alpha} emitting companions are found, down to a 5{sigma} sensitivity of {approx}1 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -17} erg s{sup -1} cm{sup -2} arcsec{sup -2} (surface brightness) and {approx}5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -17} erg s{sup -1} cm{sup -2} (assuming point sources).

Decarli, Roberto; Walter, Fabian; Yang Yujin; Hennawi, Joseph F.; Rix, Hans-Walter; Venemans, Bram P. [Max-Planck Institut fuer Astronomie, Koenigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Carilli, Chris L. [NRAO, Pete V. Domenici Array Science Center, P.O. Box O, Socorro, NM 87801 (United States); Fan Xiahoui [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Kurk, Jaron [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstrasse 1, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Riechers, Dominik [Astronomy Department, Caltech, 1200 East California boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Strauss, Michael A., E-mail: decarli@mpia.de [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Peyton Hall, Ivy Lane, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

263

Integrable, molecular-type solutions of the extended Skyrme-Faddeev model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct molecular type vortex solutions in the integrable sector of the extended Skyrme-Faddeev (ESF) model.The solutions are a holomorphic type which satisfies the zero curvature condition.For some constrained values of the coupling constants, special vortex solutions exist.For other values, special forms of the potential are employed for the stability of the molecular type solution.The solutions satisfy the zero curvature condition, and then they necessarily have an infinite number of conserved current. We numerically check their existence in terms of the simulated annealing method.

Nobuyuki Sawado; Yuta Tamaki

2013-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

264

Study of Oil Degradation in Extended Idle Operation Heavy Duty Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advances in engine oil technology and increased combustion efficiency has resulted in the longer oil intervals in vehicles. Current oil change interval practice only takes into account the mileage a vehicle has driven and does not consider other vehicle operations that affect oil life like extended idle. Routine oil sampling is one way to ensure optimal oil intervals, but the price continuous analysis can be prohibitive. It is possible to use on board diagnostic (OBD) data to correlate oil degradation to engine usage in order to develop an algorithm that is applicable to many vehicles. While much research has been conducted for light duty vehicles, little has been completed for heavy duty vehicles, in particular vehicles that idle a majority of their time. This study uses multiple heavy duty vehicles that are monitored by monthly routine oil analysis and logging of on board diagnostic data to determine the effects extended idle has on the wear rate of oil. The vehicles were used in their normal operation; this resulted in an average idle run time of 60% of run time and no less than 50% in a single vehicle. At each sample the quality of the oil and the operation of the engines were assessed. The results of the oil analysis showed very little degradation of oil. As expected, a negative correlation was seen in viscosity and total base number (TBN) but not abnormal when compared to base oil. Significant degradation was not seen even after using the vehicle passed the manufacturer recommended oil intervals. Analysis of engine operation showed that the temperature of the oil was optimal for 85% of idle operation. In addition, oil pressures at idle were sufficiently higher than the minimum pressure recommended by the manufacturer, but was less than half of the average in use oil pressure. The combination of low pressure and optimal temperature has resulted in little oil degradation. The results from the study have shown that extended idling in the study vehicles can be treated similar to long trip interval service for oil degradation. Additionally, extended idling did not result in abnormal engine wear or excessive contamination.

Kader, Michael Kirk

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

The nature of the extreme kinematics in the extended gas of high redshift radio galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present UV rest frame spectra of 3 powerful narrow line radio galaxies and the hyperluminous type 2 active galaxy SMM02399-0136, all at high redshift (z>2). We find high velocities (FWHM>1000, km/s) in the extended gas of all objects. A natural explanation is the interaction between the radio jet and the ambient gas, that drives shocks into the gas and accelerates the clouds. However, the existence of high velocities in regions where such interactions are not taking place implies that other processes can play a role. We discuss here several possible mechanisms.

M. Villar-Martin; L. Binette; R. A. E. Fosbury

1999-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

266

Minimally extended elctroweak gauge theories in SO(10) and E/sub 6/  

SciTech Connect

The possibility of minimally extending the standard SU(2)/sub L/xU(1) electroweak theory within the context of SO(10) and E/sub 6/ grand unification by adding U(1) factors is explored. The neutrino neutral-current interactions in these schemes are arranged to coincide with the standard-model predictions. Limits on the masses of the extra Z's generated by these U(1) factors are obtained by considering other parity-violating effects. Additional Z's as light as 2.5 to 3.0 times the standard model Z/sup 0/ mass are allowed.

Robinett, R.W.; Rosner, J.L.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Search for Spatially Extended Fermi-LAT Sources Using Two Years of Data  

SciTech Connect

Spatial extension is an important characteristic for correctly associating {gamma}-ray-emitting sources with their counterparts at other wavelengths and for obtaining an unbiased model of their spectra. We present a new method for quantifying the spatial extension of sources detected by the Large Area Telescope (LAT), the primary science instrument on the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (Fermi). We perform a series of Monte Carlo simulations to validate this tool and calculate the LAT threshold for detecting the spatial extension of sources. We then test all sources in the second Fermi -LAT catalog (2FGL) for extension. We report the detection of seven new spatially extended sources.

Lande, Joshua; Ackermann, Markus; Allafort, Alice; Ballet, Jean; Bechtol, Keith; Burnett, Toby; Cohen-Tanugi, Johann; Drlica-Wagner, Alex; Funk, Stefan; Giordano, Francesco; Grondin, Marie-Helene; Kerr, Matthew; Lemoine-Goumard, Marianne

2012-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

268

PREPARING THE HIGH FLUX ISOTOPE REACTOR FOR CONVERSION TO LOW ENRICHED URANIUM FUEL ? EXTENDING CYCLE BURNUP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reactor performance studies have been completed for conceptual plate designs and show that maintaining reactor performance while converting HFIR from high enriched to low enriched uranium (20 wt % 235U) fuel requires extending the end-of-life burnup value for HFIR fuel from the current nominal value of 2200 MWD to 2600 MWD. The current fuel fabrication procedure is discussed and changes that would be required to this procedure are identified. Design and safety related analyses that are required for the certification of a new fuel are identified. Qualification tests and comments regarding the regulatory approval process are provided along with a conceptual schedule.

Primm, Trent [ORNL; Chandler, David [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

An odd-number limitation of extended time-delayed feedback control in autonomous systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a necessary condition for the successful stabilisation of a periodic orbit using the extended version of time-delayed feedback control. This condition depends on the number of real Floquet multipliers larger than unity and is therefore related to the well-known odd-number limitation in non-autonomous systems. We show that the period of the orbit which is induced by mismatching the delay-time of the control scheme and the period of the uncontrolled orbit plays an important role in the formulation of the odd-number limitation in the autonomous case.

Andreas Amann; Edward W. Hooton

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

270

The extended atmosphere and evolution of the RV Tau star R Scuti  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze ISO/SWS spectra of the RV Tau star R Scuti. The infrared spectra are dominated by H2O emission bands. The near- and mid-infrared excess is attributed to H2O; the dust contribution is less important. We also identify CO, SiO and CO2 bands. The various molecular emission bands originate from an extended atmosphere, an atmosphere above the photosphere. The extended atmosphere of R Sct is formed from matter which gradually have lifted up from the photosphere through the pulsations of the star. In contrast to the abundant molecules around the star, the silicate dust feature is weak and the dust mass-loss rate is only 10^{-11} solar mass per year. This implies that there might be a process to inhibit dust formation from molecules. RV Tau stars are commonly considered as post-AGB stars. While a detached dust envelope around R Sct is consistent with such an interpretation, we show that its period evolution is slower than expected. We argue that R Sct may be a thermal-pulsing AGB star, observed in a helium-burning phase.

M. Matsuura; I. Yamamura; A. A. Zijlstra; T. R. Bedding

2002-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

271

An Extended Grid of Nova Models: II. The Parameter Space of Nova Outbursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is a sequel to an earlier paper devoted to multiple, multicycle nova evolution models (Prialnik & Kovetz 1995, first paper of the series), which showed that the different characteristics of nova outbursts can be reproduced by varying the values of three basic and independent parameters: the white dwarf mass-M_{WD}, the temperature of its isothermal core-T_{WD} and the mass transfer rate-Mdot. Apart from being the largest computational classical novae parameter-space survey, we show here that the parameter space is constrained by several analytical considerations and find its limiting surfaces. Consequently, we extend the grid of multicycle nova evolution models presented in Paper I almost to its limits, adding multicycle nova outburst calculations for a considerable number of new parameter combinations. In particular, the extended parameter pace that produces nova eruptions includes low mass transfer rates down to 5e-13 Msun/yr, and more models for low T_{WD}. Resulting characteristics of these...

Yaron, O; Shara, M M; Kovetz, A

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Optimal Multicarrier Phase-Coded Waveform Design for Detection of Extended Targets  

SciTech Connect

We design a parametric multicarrier phase-coded (MCPC) waveform that achieves the optimal performance in detecting an extended target in the presence of signal-dependent interference. Traditional waveform design techniques provide only the optimal energy spectral density of the transmit waveform and suffer a performance loss in the synthesis process of the time-domain signal. Therefore, we opt for directly designing an MCPC waveform in terms of its time-frequency codes to obtain the optimal detection performance. First, we describe the modeling assumptions considering an extended target buried within the signal-dependent clutter with known power spectral density, and deduce the performance characteristics of the optimal detector. Then, considering an MCPC signal transmission, we express the detection characteristics in terms of the phase-codes of the MCPC waveform and propose to optimally design the MCPC signal by maximizing the detection probability. Our numerical results demonstrate that the designed MCPC signal attains the optimal detection performance and requires a lesser computational time than the other parametric waveform design approach.

Sen, Satyabrata [ORNL; Glover, Charles Wayne [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Rock bits equipped with extended nozzles lower drilling cost in the Middle East region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analysis of three-cone rock bit runs using extended jet nozzles (EN) in the Middle East Region is presented. These runs were made from 1982 to 1984 in several Middle East countries. They represent wells drilled onshore and offshore, vertical and deviated, using oil and water based mud systems. The improvements in performance gained by enhanced hole cleaning with extended nozzles are well documented. This feature has been widely used in the South East Asia - Far East region and in certain areas of the continental U.S.A. and Alaska since the mid - 1970's. The result of the EN runs in the Middle East correlate well with results in the proven areas elsewhere in the world. Penetration rate increases over regular jet bits of 7-80% have been recorded. The high daily rig costs characteristic of Mideast drilling operations make it fairly easy to show a cost per foot decrease with only slight increases in performance. The increased bit cost due to the EN feature is found to be virtually negligible.

Selby, B.A.; Sauvageot, W.A.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

A Water Maser and Ammonia Survey of GLIMPSE Extended Green Objects (EGOs)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the results of a Nobeyama 45-m water maser and ammonia survey of all 94 northern GLIMPSE Extended Green Objects (EGOs), a sample of massive young stellar objects (MYSOs) identified based on their extended 4.5 micron emission. We observed the ammonia (1,1), (2,2), and (3,3) inversion lines, and detect emission towards 97%, 63%, and 46% of our sample, respectively (median rms ~50 mK). The water maser detection rate is 68% (median rms ~0.11 Jy). The derived water maser and clump-scale gas properties are consistent with the identification of EGOs as young MYSOs. To explore the degree of variation among EGOs, we analyze subsamples defined based on MIR properties or maser associations. Water masers and warm dense gas, as indicated by emission in the higher-excitation ammonia transitions, are most frequently detected towards EGOs also associated with both Class I and II methanol masers. 95% (81%) of such EGOs are detected in water (ammonia(3,3)), compared to only 33% (7%) of EGOs without either methanol m...

Cyganowski, C J; Rosolowsky, E; Towers, S; Meyer, J Donovan; Egusa, F; Momose, R; Robitaille, T P

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

The All-wavelength Extended Groth Strip International Survey (AEGIS) Data Sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this the first of a series of Letters, we present a description of the panchromatic data sets that have been acquired in the Extended Groth Strip region of the sky. Our survey, the All-wavelength Extended Groth strip International Survey (AEGIS), is intended to study the physical properties and evolutionary processes of galaxies at z ~ 1. It includes the following deep, wide-field imaging data sets: Chandra/ACIS X-ray (0.5 - 10 keV), GALEX ultraviolet (1200 - 2500 Angstrom), CFHT/MegaCam Legacy Survey optical (3600 - 9000 Angstroms), CFHT/CFH12K optical (4500 - 9000 Angstroms), Hubble Space Telescope/ACS optical (4400 - 8500 Angstroms), Palomar/WIRC near-infrared (1.2 - 2.2 microns), Spitzer/IRAC mid-infrared (3.6 - 8.0 microns), Spitzer/MIPS far-infrared (24 - 70 microns), and VLA radio continuum (6 - 20 cm). In addition, this region of the sky has been targeted for extensive spectroscopy using the DEIMOS spectrograph on the Keck II 10 m telescope. Our survey is compared to other large multiwavelength surveys in terms of depth and sky coverage.

M. Davis; P. Guhathakurta; N. Konidaris; J. A. Newman; M. L. N. Ashby; A. D. Biggs; P. Barmby; K. Bundy; S. Chapman; A. L. Coil; C. Conselice; M. Cooper; D. Croton; P. Eisenhardt; R. Ellis; S. Faber; T. Fang; G. G. Fazio; A. Georgakakis; B. Gerke; W. M. Goss; S. Gwyn; J. Harker; A. Hopkins; J. -S. Huang; R. J. Ivison; S. A. Kassin; E. Kirby; A. Koekemoer; D. C. Koo; E. Laird; E. Le Floc'h; L. Lin; J. Lotz; P. J. Marshall; D. C. Martin; A. Metevier; L. A. Moustakas; K. Nandra; K. Noeske; C. Papovich; A. C. Phillips; R. M. Rich; G. H. Rieke; D. Rigopoulou; S. Salim; D. Schiminovich; L. Simard; I. Smail; T. A. Small; B. Weiner; C. N. A. Willmer; S. P. Willner; G. Wilson; E. Wright; R. Yan

2006-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

276

The All-wavelength Extended Groth Strip International Survey (AEGIS) Data Sets  

SciTech Connect

In this the first of a series of ''Letters'', we present a description of the panchromatic data sets that have been acquired in the Extended Groth Strip region of the sky. Our survey, the All-wavelength Extended Groth Strip International Survey (AEGIS), is intended to study the physical properties and evolutionary processes of galaxies at z {approx} 1. It includes the following deep, wide-field imaging data sets: Chandra/ACIS{sup 30} X-ray (0.5-10 keV), GALEX{sup 31} ultraviolet (1200-2500 A), CFHT/MegaCam Legacy Survey{sup 32} optical (3600-9000 {angstrom}), CFHT/CFH12K optical (4500-9000 {angstrom}), Hubble Space Telescope/ACS{sup 33} optical (4400-8500 {angstrom}), Palomar/WIRC{sup 34} near-infrared (1.2-2.2 {micro}m), Spitzer/IRAC{sup 35} mid-infrared (3.6-8.0 {micro}m), Spitzer/MIPS far-infrared (24-70 {micro}m), and VLA{sup 36} radio continuum (6-20 cm). In addition, this region of the sky has been targeted for extensive spectroscopy using the DEIMOS spectrograph on the Keck II 10 m telescope{sup 37}. Our survey is compared to other large multiwavelength surveys in terms of depth and sky coverage.

Davis, M.; Guhathakurta, P.; Konidaris, N.; Newman, J.A.; Ashby, M.L.N.; Biggs, A.D.; Barmby, P.; Bundy, K.; Chapman, S.; Coil, A.L.; Conselice, C.; Cooper, M.; Croton, D.; Eisenhardt, P.; Ellis, R.; Faber, S.; Fang, T.; Fazio, G.G.; Georgakakis, A.; Gerke, B.; Goss, W.M.; /UC, Berkeley, Astron. Dept. /Lick Observ. /LBL, Berkeley /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys. /Royal Observ., Edinburgh /Caltech /Arizona U., Astron. Dept. - Steward Observ. /Nottingham U. /Caltech, JPL /Imperial Coll., London /UC, Berkeley /NRAO, Socorro /Victoria U. /Sydney U. /Baltimore, Space Telescope Sci. /Taiwan, Natl. Taiwan U. /NOAO, Tucson /KIPAC, Menlo Park /UCLA /Oxford U. /Columbia U., Astron. Astrophys.

2006-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

277

The All-Wavelength Extended Groth Strip International Survey(AEGIS) Data Sets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this the first of a series of Letters, we present a description of the panchromatic data sets that have been acquired in the Extended Groth Strip region of the sky. Our survey, the All-wavelength Extended Groth Strip International Survey (AEGIS), is intended to study the physical properties and evolutionary processes of galaxies at z{approx}1. It includes the following deep, wide-field imaging data sets: Chandra/ACIS X-ray (0.5-10 keV), GALEX ultraviolet (1200-2500 Angstroms), CFHT/MegaCam Legacy Survey optical (3600-9000 Angstroms), CFHT/CFH12K optical (4500-9000 Angstroms), Hubble Space Telescope/ACS optical (4400-8500 Angstroms), Palomar/WIRC near-infrared (1.2-2.2 {micro}m), Spitzer/IRAC mid-infrared (3.6-8.0 {micro}m), Spitzer/MIPS far-infrared (24-70 {micro}m), and VLA radio continuum (6-20 cm). In addition, this region of the sky has been targeted for extensive spectroscopy using the DEIMOS spectrograph on the Keck II 10 m telescope. Our survey is compared to other large multiwavelength surveys in terms of depth and sky coverage.

Davis, M.; Guhathakurta, P.; Konidaris, N.P.; Newman, J.A.; Ashby, M.L.N.; Biggs, A.D.; Barmby, P.; Bundy, K.; Chapman, S.C.; Coil,A.L.; Conselice, C.J.; Cooper, M.C.; Croton, D.J.; Eisenhardt, P.R.M.; Ellis, R.S.; Faber, S.M.; Fang, T.; Fazio, G.G.; Georgakakis, A.; Gerke,B.F.; Goss, W.M.; Gwyn, S.; Harker, J.; Hopkins, A.M.; Huang, J.-S.; Ivison, R.J.; Kassin, S.A.; Kirby, E.N.; Koekemoer, A.M.; Koo, D.C.; Laird, E.S.; Le Floc'h, E.; Lin, L.; Lotz, J.M.; Marshall, P.J.; Martin,D.C.; Metevier, A.J.; Moustakas, L.A.; Nandra, K.; Noeske, K.G.; Papovich, C.; Phillips, A.C.; Rich,R. M.; Rieke, G.H.; Rigopoulou, D.; Salim, S.; Schiminovich, D.; Simard, L.; Smail, I.; Small,T.A.; Weiner,B.J.; Willmer, C.N.A.; Willner, S.P.; Wilson, G.; Wright, E.L.; Yan, R.

2006-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

278

Extended Sawyer–Eliassen Equation for Frontal Circulations in the Presence of small Viscous Moist Symmetric Stability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Sawyer–Eliassen (S–E) equation for frontal circulations forced by a geostrophic stretching deformation is extended to include the effects of both negative moist potential vorticity (MPV) and eddy viscosity. Since the moist (precipitation) ...

Qin Xu

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Charging Algorithm Extends the Life of Lead-acid Batteries: 2001 R and D 100 Award Recipient  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Fact sheet describing NREL's work with Recombination Technologies and Optima Batteries to develop a current interrupt charging algorithm to extend the deep life cycle of valve-regulated lead-acid batteries.

Pesaran, A.

2001-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

280

Estimating the Wind Field from Chemical Constituent Observations: Experiments with a One-Dimensional Extended Kalman Filter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modern data assimilation algorithms such as the four-dimensional variational algorithm or the extended Kalman filter (EKF) can, in theory, estimate the wind field from chemical constituent observations. This seems to be possible because of the ...

Roger Daley

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour epact05 extended" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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281

Interpretation of Extended Techniques in Unaccompanied flute Works by East-Asian Composers: Isang Yun, Toru Takemitsu, and Kazuo Fukushima.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Extended flute techniques include many different ways of producing non-traditional sonorities and effects on the flute and have been an important compositional staple of Avant-garde… (more)

Jang, Seon Hee

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Modeling the Atmospheric Convective Boundary Layer within a Zero-Order Jump Approach: An Extended Theoretical Framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper presents an extended theoretical background for applied modeling of the atmospheric convective boundary layer within the so-called zero-order jump approach, which implies vertical homogeneity of meteorological fields in the bulk of ...

Evgeni Fedorovich

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Screw Photon-Like (3+1)-Solitons in Extended Electrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper aims to present explicit photon-like (3+1) spatially finite soliton solutions of screw type to the vacuum field equations of Extended Electrodynamics (EED) in relativistic formulation. We begin with emphasizing the need for spatially finite soliton modelling of microobjects. Then we briefly comment the properties of solitons and photons and recall some facts from EED. Making use of the localizing functions from differential topology (used in the partition of unity) we explicitly construct spatially finite screw solutions. Further a new description of the spin momentum inside EED, based on the notion for energy-momentum exchange between $F$ and $*F$, isintroduced and used to compute the integral spin momentum of a screw soliton. The consistency between the spatial and time periodicity naturally leads to a particular relation between the longitudinal and transverse sizes of the screw solution, namely, it is equal to $\\pi$. The Planck's formula $E=h\

Donev, S

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Screw Photon-Like (3+1)-Solitons in Extended Electrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper aims to present explicit photon-like (3+1) spatially finite soliton solutions of screw type to the vacuum field equations of Extended Electrodynamics (EED) in relativistic formulation. We begin with emphasizing the need for spatially finite soliton modelling of microobjects. Then we briefly comment the properties of solitons and photons and recall some facts from EED. Making use of the localizing functions from differential topology (used in the partition of unity) we explicitly construct spatially finite screw solutions. Further a new description of the spin momentum inside EED, based on the notion for energy-momentum exchange between $F$ and $*F$, isintroduced and used to compute the integral spin momentum of a screw soliton. The consistency between the spatial and time periodicity naturally leads to a particular relation between the longitudinal and transverse sizes of the screw solution, namely, it is equal to $\\pi$. The Planck's formula $E=h\

Stoil Donev

2001-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

285

New particle-hole symmetries and the extended interacting boson model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe shape coexistence and intruder many-particle-hole (mp-nh)excitations in the extended interacting boson model EIBM and EIBM-2,combining both the particle-hole and the charge degree of freedom.Besides the concept of I-spin multiplets and subsequently $SU(4)$ multiplets, we touch upon the existence of particle-hole mixed symmetry states. We furthermore describe regular and intrudermany-particle-hole excitations in one nucleus on an equal footing, creating (annihilating) particle-hole pairs using the K-spin operatorand studying possible mixing between these states. As a limiting case,we treat the coupling of two IBM-1 Hamiltonians, each decribing the regular and intruder excitations respectively, in particular lookingat the $U(5)$-$SU(3)$ dynamical symmetry coupling. We apply such coupling scheme to the Po isotopes.

De Coster, C; Decroix, B; Heyde, Kris L G; Oros, A M

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

PSI-1402/ TR-1979 Extended Performance Handheld and Mobile Sensors for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

02/ 02/ TR-1979 Extended Performance Handheld and Mobile Sensors for Remote Detection of Natural Gas Leaks Phase II Final Report Reporting Period Start Date: 10/01/02 Reporting Period End Date: 12/31/04 Prepared by Michael B. Frish, B. David Green, Richard T. Wainner, Francesca Scire-Scappuzzo, Paul Cataldi, and Matthew C. Laderer May 2005 Under Cooperative Research Agreement DE-FC26-02NT41603 Between Physical Sciences Inc. and DoE NETL Physical Sciences Inc. 20 New England Business Center Andover, MA 01810-1077 Graham Midgley Heath Consultants, Inc. 9030 Monroe Road Houston, TX ACKNOWLEDGMENT STATEMENT: This Final Report was prepared with the support of the U.S. Department of Energy, under Award No. DE-FC26- 02NT41603. However, any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed herein are those of the

287

Extending synchrotron-based atomic physics experiments into the hard X-ray region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The high-brightness, hard x-ray beams available from third-generation synchrotron sources are opening new opportunities to study the deepest inner shells of atoms, an area where little work has been done and phenomena not observed in less tightly bound inner-shells are manifested. In addition scattering processes which are weak at lower energies become important, providing another tool to investigate atomic structure as well as an opportunity to study photon/atom interactions beyond photoabsorption. In this contribution the authors discuss some of the issues related to extending synchrotron-based atomic physics experiments into the hard x-ray region from the physical and the experimental point of view. They close with a discussion of a technique, resonant Raman scattering, that may prove invaluable in determining the spectra of the very highly-excited states resulting from the excitation of deep inner shells.

LeBrun, T. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Physics Div.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

288

X-Ray Imaging Crystal Spectrometer for Extended X-Ray Sources  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Spherically or toroidally curved, double focusing crystals are used in a spectrometer for X-ray diagnostics of an extended X-ray source such as a hot plasma produced in a tokamak fusion experiment to provide spatially and temporally resolved data on plasma parameters such as ion temperature, toroidal and poloidal rotation, electron temperature, impurity ion charge-state distributions, and impurity transport. The imaging properties of these spherically or toroidally curved crystals provide both spectrally and spatially resolved X-ray data from the plasma using only one small spherically or toroidally curved crystal, thus eliminating the requirement for a large array of crystal spectrometers and the need to cross-calibrate the various crystals.

Bitter, Manfred L.; Fraekel, Benjamin; Gorman, James L.; Hill, Kenneth W.; Roquemore, Lane A.; Stodiek, Wolfgang; Goeler, Schweickhard von

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Extended Lagrangian quantum molecular dynamics simulations of shock-induced chemistry in hydrocarbons  

SciTech Connect

A set of interatomic potentials for hydrocarbons that are based upon the self-consistent charge transfer tight-binding approximation to density functional theory have been developed and implemented into the quantum molecular dynamics code ''LATTE''. The interatomic potentials exhibit an outstanding level of transferability and have been applied in molecular dynamics simulations of tert-butylacetylene under thermodynamic conditions that correspond to its single-shock Hugoniot. We have achieved precise conservation of the total energy during microcanonical molecular dynamics trajectories under incomplete convergence via the extended Lagrangian Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics formalism. In good agreement with the results of a series of flyer-plate impact experiments, our SCC-TB molecular dynamics simulations show that tert-butylactylene molecules polymerize at shock pressures around 6.1 GPa.

Sanville, Edward J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bock, Nicolas [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Challacombe, William M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Cawkwell, Marc J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Niklasson, Anders M N [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dattelbaum, Dana M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sheffield, Stephen [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sewell, Thomas D [UNIV OF MISSOURI

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Extended Power Uprates and 2-yr Cycles for BWRs - Where Do We Go from Here?  

SciTech Connect

Boiling water reactors (BWRs) in the United States have transitioned over the past 30 yr from 7 x 7 and 8 x 8 fuels, 12-month cycles, and batch average burnups of 30 GWd/tonne U to 10 x 10 fuel, 18- to 24-month cycles, batch average burnups of 50 GWd/tonne U, and 5% power uprates in the 1990s. The next step for BWRs in the new millennium is 24-month cycles and extended power uprates as high as 120% power. These operating conditions lead to large reload fuel batch sizes (up to 45% of the core) that result in lower batch average discharge burnups ({approx}45 GWd/tonne U). Parameters driving the drop in fuel burnup include enrichment limitations and the need for fuel performance improvements. The next steps to achieve better BWR fuel cycle economics and their associated benefits and implementation challenges are discussed in this paper.

Brown, Craig; Hartley, Ken; Hulsman, Jim [Framatome ANP (France)

2005-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

291

Method using CO for extending the useful shelf-life of refrigerated red blood cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method using CO for extending the useful shelf-life of refrigerated red blood cells. Carbon monoxide is utilized for stabilizing hemoglobin in red blood cells to be stored at low temperature. Changes observed in the stored cells are similar to those found in normal red cell aging in the body, the extent thereof being directly related to the duration of refrigerated storage. Changes in cell buoyant density, vesiculation, and the tendency of stored cells to bind autologous IgG antibody directed against polymerized band 3 IgG, all of which are related to red blood cell senescence and increase with refrigerated storage time, have been substantially slowed when red blood cells are treated with CO. Removal of the carbon monoxide from the red blood cells is readily and efficiently accomplished by photolysis in the presence of oxygen so that the stored red blood cells may be safely transfused into a recipient.

Bitensky, Mark W. (Los Alamos, NM)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Method using CO for extending the useful shelf-life of refrigerated red blood cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is disclosed using CO for extending the useful shelf-life of refrigerated red blood cells. Carbon monoxide is utilized for stabilizing hemoglobin in red blood cells to be stored at low temperature. Changes observed in the stored cells are similar to those found in normal red cell aging in the body, the extent thereof being directly related to the duration of refrigerated storage. Changes in cell buoyant density, vesiculation, and the tendency of stored cells to bind autologous IgG antibody directed against polymerized band 3 IgG, all of which are related to red blood cell senescence and increase with refrigerated storage time, have been substantially slowed when red blood cells are treated with CO. Removal of the carbon monoxide from the red blood cells is readily and efficiently accomplished by photolysis in the presence of oxygen so that the stored red blood cells may be safely transfused into a recipient. 5 figs.

Bitensky, M.W.

1995-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

293

Control of unstable steady states by extended time-delayed feedback  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time-delayed feedback methods can be used to control unstable periodic orbits as well as unstable steady states. We present an application of extended time delay autosynchronization introduced by Socolar et al. to an unstable focus. This system represents a generic model of an unstable steady state which can be found for instance in a Hopf bifurcation. In addition to the original controller design, we investigate effects of control loop latency and a bandpass filter on the domain of control. Furthermore, we consider coupling of the control force to the system via a rotational coupling matrix parametrized by a variable phase. We present an analysis of the domain of control and support our results by numerical calculations.

Thomas Dahms; Philipp Hoevel; Eckehard Schoell

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

An Overview of the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory Extended Entity-Relationship Database Tools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this overview we briefly describe a collection of tools developed at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) for aiding users in specifying database structures and in querying databases using object-oriented concepts on top of commercial relational database management systems. These tools are based on an Extended Entity-Relationship (EER) model and allow users to deal with concise EER structures and queries rather than relational database definitions and queries which are usually large, hard to maintain, and involve terms that obscure the semantics of the application. Using the LBL/EER database tools users are insulated from the underlying database management system, and thus can avoid learning database management specific concepts and query languages. 1 Introduction Database applications involve large amounts of data that must be maintained and made available to users for analysis and manipulation. Database management systems (DBMSs) provide the capabilities required for stor...

Victor M. Markowitz; Arie Shoshani

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Cerenkov Line-like Radiation, The Extended and Improved Formulae System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

You & Cheng (1980) argued that, for relativistic electrons moving through a dense gas, the Cerenkov effect will produce peculiar atomic and/or molecular emission lines--Cerenkov lines. They presented a series of formulae to describe the new line-mechanism. Elegant experimental confirmation has been obtained by Xu. et al. in the laboratory which definitely verified the existence of Cerenkov lines. Owing to the potential importance in high energy astrophysics, in this paper we give a more detailed physical discussion of the emission mechanisms and improve the previous formulae system into a form which is more convenient for astrophysical application. Specifically, the extended formulae in this paper can be applied to other species of atoms and/or ions rather than hydrogen as in the previous paper, and also to X-ray astronomy. They can also be used for the calculation of a nonuniform plane-parallel slab of the emissive gas.

J. H. You; Y. D. Xu; D. B. Liu; J. R. Shi; G. X. Jin

2000-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

296

Eighth workshop on crystalline silicon solar cell materials and processes: Extended abstracts and papers  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The theme of this workshop is Supporting the Transition to World Class Manufacturing. This workshop provides a forum for an informal exchange of information between researchers in the photovoltaic and non-photovoltaic fields on various aspects of impurities and defects in silicon, their dynamics during device processing, and their application in defect engineering. This interaction helps establish a knowledge base that can be used for improving device fabrication processes to enhance solar-cell performance and reduce cell costs. It also provides an excellent opportunity for researchers from industry and universities to recognize mutual needs for future joint research. The workshop format features invited review presentations, panel discussions, and two poster sessions. The poster sessions create an opportunity for both university and industrial researchers to present their latest results and provide a natural forum for extended discussions and technical exchanges.

NONE

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Extending the Operating System at the User Level: the Ufo Global File System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we show how to extend the functionality of standard operating systems completely at the user level. Our approach works by intercepting selected system calls at the user level, using tracing facilities such as the /proc file system provided by many Unix operating systems. The behavior of some intercepted system calls is then modified to implement new functionality. This approach does not require any re-linking or recompilation of existing applications. In fact, the extensions can even be dynamically "installed" into already running processes. The extensions work completely at the user level and install without system administrator assistance. We used this approach to implement a global file system, called Ufo, which allows users to treat remote files exactly as if they were local. Currently, Ufo supports file access through the FTP and HTTP protocols and allows new protocols to be plugged in. While several other projects have implemented global file system abstractions, t...

Albert Alexandrov Maximilian; Ian E. Schauser; Chris J. Scheima; Albert D. Alex; Albert D. Alex; Maximilian Ibel; Maximilian Ibel; Klaus E. Schauser; Chris J. Scheiman

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Extending the Operating System at the User Level: the Ufo Global File System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we show how to extend the functionality of standard operating systems completely at the user level. Our approach works by intercepting selected system calls at the user level, using tracing facilities such as the /proc file system provided by many Unix operating systems. The behavior of some intercepted system calls is then modified to implement new functionality. This approach does not require any re-linking or recompilation of existing applications. In fact, the extensions can even be dynamically "installed" into already running processes. The extensions work completely at the user level and install without system administrator assistance. We used this approach to implement a global file system, called Ufo, which allows users to treat remote files exactly as if they were local. Currently, Ufo supports file access through the FTP and HTTP protocols and allows new protocols to be plugged in. While several other projects have implemented global file system abstractions, th...

Albert D. Alexandrov; Maximilian Ibel; Klaus E. Schauser; Chris J. Scheiman

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

A catalog of mid-infrared sources in the Extended Groth Strip  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Extended Groth Strip (EGS) is one of the premier fields for extragalactic deep surveys. Deep observations of the EGS with the Infrared Array Camera (IRAC) on the Spitzer Space Telescope cover an area of 0.38 square degrees to a 50% completeness limit of 1.5 uJy at 3.6 um. The catalog comprises 57434 objects detected at 3.6 um, with 84%, 28%, and 24% also detected at 4.5, 5.8, and 8.0 um. Number counts are consistent with results from other Spitzer surveys. Color distributions show that the EGS IRAC sources comprise a mixture of populations: low-redshift star-forming galaxies, quiescent galaxies dominated by stellar emission at a range of redshifts, and high redshift galaxies and AGN.

P. Barmby; J. -S. Huang; M. L. N. Ashby; P. R. M. Eisenhardt; G. G. Fazio; E. L. Wright

2008-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

300

Properties of the extended Clifford group with applications to SIC-POVMs and MUBs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a version of the extended Clifford Group which is defined in terms of a finite Galois field in odd prime power dimension. We show that Neuhauser's result, that with the appropriate choice of phases the standard (or metaplectic) representation of the discrete symplectic group is faithful also holds for the anti-unitary operators of the extended group. We also improve on Neuhauser's result by giving explicit formulae for the (anti-)unitary corresponding to an arbitrary (anti-)symplectic matrix. We then go on to find the eigenvalues and the order of an arbitrary (anti-)symplectic matrix. The fact that in prime power dimension the matrix elements belong to a field means that this can be done using the same techniques which are used to find the eigenvalues of a matrix defined over the reals-including the use of an extension field (the analogue of the complex numbers) when the eigenvalues are not in the base field. We then give an application of these results to SIC-POVMs (symmetric informationally complete positive operator valued measures). We show that in prime dimension our results can be used to find a natural basis for the eigenspace of the Zauner unitary in which SIC-fiducials are expected to lie. Finally, we apply our results to the MUB cycling problem. We show that in odd prime power dimension d, although there is no Clifford unitary, there is a Clifford anti-unitary which cycles through the full set of Wootters-Fields MUBs if d=3 (mod 4). Also, irrespective of whether d=1 or 3 (mod 4), the Wootters-Fields MUBs split into two groups of (d+1)/2 bases in such a way that there is a single Clifford unitary which cycles through each group separately.

D. M. Appleby

2009-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

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301

An extended dust disk in a spiral galaxy; An occulting galaxy pair in ANGST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an analysis of an occulting galaxy pair, serendipitously discovered in ACS Nearby Galaxy Survey Treasury (ANGST) observations of NGC 253 taken with Hubble Space Telescope's Advanced Camera for Survey in F475W, F606W$ and F814W (SDSS-g, broad V and I). The foreground disk system (at z < 0.06) shows a dusty disk much more extended than the starlight, with spiral lanes seen in extinction out to 1.5 R\\_25, approximately six half-light radii. This pair is the first where extinction can be mapped reliably out to this distance from the center. The spiral arms of the extended dust disk show typical extinction values of A\\_F475W ~ 0.25, A\\_F606W ~ 0.25, and A\\_F814W ~ 0.15. The extinction law inferred from these measures is similar to the local Milky Way one, and we show that the smoothing effects of sampling at limited spatial resolution (<57 pc, in these data) flattens the observed function through mixing of regions with different extinction. This galaxy illustrates the diversity of dust distributions in spirals, and the limitations of adopting a single dust model for optically similar galaxies. The ideal geometry of this pair of overlapping galaxies and the high sampling of HST data make this dataset ideal to analyze this pair with three separate approaches to overlapping galaxies: (A) a combined fit, rotating copies of both galaxies, (B) a simple flip of the background image and (C) an estimate of the original fluxes for the individual galaxies based on reconstructions of their proper isophotes. We conclude that in the case of high quality data such as these, isophotal models are to be preferred.

B. W. Holwerda; W. C. Keel; B. Williams; J. J. Dalcanton; R. S. de Jong

2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

302

RACORO Extended-Term Aircraft Observations of Boundary-Layer Clouds  

SciTech Connect

A first-of-a-kind, extended-term cloud aircraft campaign was conducted to obtain an in-situ statistical characterization of boundary-layer clouds needed to investigate cloud processes and refine retrieval algorithms. Coordinated by the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Aerial Facility (AAF), the Routine AAF Clouds with Low Optical Water Depths (CLOWD) Optical Radiative Observations (RACORO) field campaign operated over the ARM Southern Great Plains (SGP) site from 22 January to 30 June 2009, collecting 260 h of data during 59 research flights. A comprehensive payload aboard the Center for Interdisciplinary Remotely-Piloted Aircraft Studies (CIRPAS) Twin Otter aircraft measured cloud microphysics, solar and thermal radiation, aerosol properties, and atmospheric state parameters. Proximity to the SGP's extensive complement of surface measurements provides ancillary data that supports modeling studies and enables evaluating a variety of surface retrieval algorithms. The five-month duration enabled sampling a range of conditions associated with the seasonal transition from winter to summer. Although about two-thirds of the cloud flights occurred in May and June, boundary-layer cloud fields were sampled under a variety of environmental and aerosol conditions, with about 75% of the flights occurring in cumulus and stratocumulus. Preliminary analyses show how these data are being used to analyze cloud-aerosol relationships, determine the aerosol sizes that are responsible for nucleating cloud drops, characterize the horizontal variability of the cloud radiative impacts, and evaluate air-borne and surface-based cloud property retrievals. We discuss how conducting an extended-term campaign requires a simplified operating paradigm that is different from that used for typical, short-term, intensive aircraft field programs.

Vogelmann, A. M.; McFarquhar, Greg; Ogren, John A.; Turner, David D.; Comstock, Jennifer M.; Feingold, G.; Long, Charles N.; Jonsson, Haf; Bucholtz, Anthony; Collins, Donald R.; Diskin, G. S.; Gerber, H.; Lawson, Paul; Woods, Roy; Andrews, Elizabeth; Yang, Hee-Jung; Chiu, Christine J.; Hartsock, Daniel; Hubbe, John M.; Lo, Chaomei; Marshak, A.; Monroe, Justin; McFarlane, Sally A.; Schmid, Beat; Tomlinson, Jason M.; Toto, Tami

2012-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

303

An Extended Grid of Nova Models: II. The Parameter Space of Nova Outbursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is a sequel to an earlier paper devoted to multiple, multicycle nova evolution models (Prialnik & Kovetz 1995, first paper of the series), which showed that the different characteristics of nova outbursts can be reproduced by varying the values of three basic and independent parameters: the white dwarf mass-M_{WD}, the temperature of its isothermal core-T_{WD} and the mass transfer rate-Mdot. Apart from being the largest computational classical novae parameter-space survey, we show here that the parameter space is constrained by several analytical considerations and find its limiting surfaces. Consequently, we extend the grid of multicycle nova evolution models presented in Paper I almost to its limits, adding multicycle nova outburst calculations for a considerable number of new parameter combinations. In particular, the extended parameter pace that produces nova eruptions includes low mass transfer rates down to 5e-13 Msun/yr, and more models for low T_{WD}. Resulting characteristics of these runs are added to the former parameter combination results, to provide a full grid spanning the entire parameter space for Carbon-Oxygen white dwarfs. The full grid covers the entire range of observed nova characteristics, even those of peculiar objects, which have not been numerically reproduced until now. Most remarkably, runs for very low Mdot lead to very high values for some characteristics, such as outburst amplitude A>~20, high super-Eddington luminosities at maximum, heavy element abundance of the ejecta Z_{ej}~0.63 and high ejected masses m_{ej}~7e-4 Msun.

O. Yaron; D. Prialnik; M. M. Shara; A. Kovetz

2005-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

304

ON THE POPULATIONS OF RADIO GALAXIES WITH EXTENDED MORPHOLOGY AT z < 0.3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extended extragalactic radio sources have traditionally been classified into Fanaroff and Riley (FR) I and II types, based on the ratio r{sub s} of the separation S between the brightest regions on either sides of the host galaxy and the total size T of the radio source (r{sub s} {identical_to} S/T). In this paper, we examine the distribution of various physical properties as a function of r{sub s} of 1040 luminous (L {approx}> L{sub *}) extended radio galaxies (RGs) at z 0.8 and [O III] {lambda}5007 line luminosity >10{sup 6} L{sub sun} are markedly different on average from the rest of the RGs, in the sense that they are hosted in lower mass galaxies, live in relatively sparse environments, and likely have higher accretion rates onto the central supermassive black hole (SMBH). Thus, these high emission line luminosity, high-r{sub s} LD RGs, and the rest of RGs form a well-defined dichotomy. Motivated by the stark differences in the nuclear emission line properties of the RG subsamples, we suggest that the accretion rate onto the SMBH may play the primary role in creating the different morphologies. At relatively high accretion rates, the accretion system may produce powerful jets that create the 'classical double' morphology (roughly corresponding to the LD sources with r{sub s} {approx}> 0.8 and emission lines); at lower accretion rates, the jets from a radiatively inefficient accretion flow generate radio lobes without apparent 'hot spots' at the edge (corresponding to the majority of LD sources). At slightly lower accretion rates and in galaxies with dense galactic structure, sources with prominent jets result. It is possible that while the high accretion rate systems could affect sub-Mpc scale environments, the jets from lower accretion rate systems may efficiently suppress activity within the host galaxies.

Lin, Yen-Ting [Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba (Japan); Shen Yue; Strauss, Michael A.; Lunnan, Ragnhild [Princeton University Observatory, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); Richards, Gordon T., E-mail: yen-ting.lin@ipmu.j [Department of Physics, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (United States)

2010-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

305

Objective 1: Extend Life, Improve Performance, and Maintain Safety of the Current Fleet Implementation Plan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nuclear power has reliably and economically contributed almost 20% of electrical generation in the United States over the past two decades. It remains the single largest contributor (more than 70%) of non-greenhouse-gas-emitting electric power generation in the United States. By the year 2030, domestic demand for electrical energy is expected to grow to levels of 16 to 36% higher than 2007 levels. At the same time, most currently operating nuclear power plants will begin reaching the end of their 60 year operating licenses. Figure E 1 shows projected nuclear energy contribution to the domestic generating capacity. If current operating nuclear power plants do not operate beyond 60 years, the total fraction of generated electrical energy from nuclear power will begin to decline—even with the expected addition of new nuclear generating capacity. The oldest commercial plants in the United States reached their 40th anniversary in 2009. The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy’s Research and Development (R&D) Roadmap has organized its activities in accordance with four objectives that ensure nuclear energy remains a compelling and viable energy option for the United States. The objectives are as follows: (1) develop technologies and other solutions that can improve the reliability, sustain the safety, and extend the life of the current reactors; (2) develop improvements in the affordability of new reactors to enable nuclear energy to help meet the Administration’s energy security and climate change goals; (3) develop sustainable nuclear fuel cycles; and (4) understand and minimize risks of nuclear proliferation and terrorism. The Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Program is the primary programmatic activity that addresses Objective 1. This document describes how Objective 1 and the LWRS Program will be implemented. The existing U.S. nuclear fleet has a remarkable safety and performance record and today accounts for 70% of the low greenhouse gas emitting domestic electricity production. Extending the operating lifetimes of current plants beyond 60 years and, where possible, making further improvements in their productivity will generate early benefits from research, development, and demonstration investments in nuclear power. DOE’s role in Objective 1 is to partner with industry and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission in appropriate ways to support and conduct the long-term research needed to inform major component refurbishment and replacement strategies, performance enhancements, plant license extensions, and age-related regulatory oversight decisions. The DOE research, development, and demonstration role will focus on aging phenomena and issues that require long-term research and are generic to reactor type. Cost-shared demonstration activities will be conducted when appropriate.

Robert Youngblood

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Objective 1: Extend Life, Improve Performance, and Maintain Safety of the Current Fleet Implementation Plan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nuclear power has reliably and economically contributed almost 20% of electrical generation in the United States over the past two decades. It remains the single largest contributor (more than 70%) of non-greenhouse-gas-emitting electric power generation in the United States. By the year 2030, domestic demand for electrical energy is expected to grow to levels of 16 to 36% higher than 2007 levels. At the same time, most currently operating nuclear power plants will begin reaching the end of their 60 year operating licenses. Figure E 1 shows projected nuclear energy contribution to the domestic generating capacity. If current operating nuclear power plants do not operate beyond 60 years, the total fraction of generated electrical energy from nuclear power will begin to decline—even with the expected addition of new nuclear generating capacity. The oldest commercial plants in the United States reached their 40th anniversary in 2009. The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy’s Research and Development (R&D) Roadmap has organized its activities in accordance with four objectives that ensure nuclear energy remains a compelling and viable energy option for the United States. The objectives are as follows: (1) develop technologies and other solutions that can improve the reliability, sustain the safety, and extend the life of the current reactors; (2) develop improvements in the affordability of new reactors to enable nuclear energy to help meet the Administration’s energy security and climate change goals; (3) develop sustainable nuclear fuel cycles; and (4) understand and minimize risks of nuclear proliferation and terrorism. The Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Program is the primary programmatic activity that addresses Objective 1. This document describes how Objective 1 and the LWRS Program will be implemented. The existing U.S. nuclear fleet has a remarkable safety and performance record and today accounts for 70% of the low greenhouse gas emitting domestic electricity production. Extending the operating lifetimes of current plants beyond 60 years and, where possible, making further improvements in their productivity will generate early benefits from research, development, and demonstration investments in nuclear power. DOE’s role in Objective 1 is to partner with industry and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission in appropriate ways to support and conduct the long-term research needed to inform major component refurbishment and replacement strategies, performance enhancements, plant license extensions, and age-related regulatory oversight decisions. The DOE research, development, and demonstration role will focus on aging phenomena and issues that require long-term research and are generic to reactor type. Cost-shared demonstration activities will be conducted when appropriate.

Robert Youngblood

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

A WATER MASER AND NH{sub 3} SURVEY OF GLIMPSE EXTENDED GREEN OBJECTS  

SciTech Connect

We present the results of a Nobeyama 45 m H{sub 2}O maser and NH{sub 3} survey of all 94 northern GLIMPSE extended green objects (EGOs), a sample of massive young stellar objects (MYSOs) identified based on their extended 4.5 {mu}m emission. We observed the NH{sub 3}(1,1), (2,2), and (3,3) inversion lines, and detected emission toward 97%, 63%, and 46% of our sample, respectively (median rms {approx} 50 mK). The H{sub 2}O maser detection rate is 68% (median rms {approx} 0.11 Jy). The derived H{sub 2}O maser and clump-scale gas properties are consistent with the identification of EGOs as young MYSOs. To explore the degree of variation among EGOs, we analyze subsamples defined based on mid-infrared (MIR) properties or maser associations. H{sub 2}O masers and warm dense gas, as indicated by emission in the higher-excitation NH{sub 3} transitions, are most frequently detected toward EGOs also associated with both Class I and II CH{sub 3}OH masers. Ninety-five percent (81%) of such EGOs are detected in H{sub 2}O (NH{sub 3}(3,3)), compared to only 33% (7%) of EGOs without either CH{sub 3}OH maser type. As populations, EGOs associated with Class I and/or II CH{sub 3}OH masers have significantly higher NH{sub 3} line widths, column densities, and kinetic temperatures than EGOs undetected in CH{sub 3}OH maser surveys. However, we find no evidence for statistically significant differences in H{sub 2}O maser properties (such as maser luminosity) among any EGO subsamples. Combining our data with the 1.1 mm continuum Bolocam Galactic Plane Survey, we find no correlation between isotropic H{sub 2}O maser luminosity and clump number density. H{sub 2}O maser luminosity is weakly correlated with clump (gas) temperature and clump mass.

Cyganowski, C. J. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)] [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Koda, J.; Towers, S.; Meyer, J. Donovan [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 (United States); Rosolowsky, E. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Okanagan, Kelowna BC V1V 1V7 (Canada)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Okanagan, Kelowna BC V1V 1V7 (Canada); Egusa, F. [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5210 (Japan)] [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5210 (Japan); Momose, R. [Department of Astronomy, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)] [Department of Astronomy, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Robitaille, T. P., E-mail: ccyganowski@cfa.harvard.edu [Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Heidelberg (Germany)

2013-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

308

Extended three-dimensional ADCIRC hydrodynamic model to include baroclinic flow and sediment transport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this research is to identify the circulation patterns of the water and sediment fluxes in coastal and estuarine zones, where the shoaling processes correlate with tide generating flow patterns. The research provides a better understanding of the characteristics of spatial and temporal variability of currents. An important deviation from previous research is the inclusion of the baroclinic term, which becomes very important in density driven flows. The understanding of this process provides a basis for determining how the water circulation three-dimensionally controls the hydrodynamics of the system and ultimately transports the suspended and soluble materials due to combined currents and waves. A three-dimensional circulation model is used to calculate the water circulation. The model is based on the three-dimensional (3D) version of Advanced Circulation (AD-CIRC) Hydrodynamic Model with extending the Sediment Transport module. The model is based on the finite element method on unstructured grids. The output of the hydrody-namic model is used to estimate spatial and temporal advections, dispersions and bottom shear stress for the erosion, suspension, deposition and transport of sediment. The model development includes extending the existing three-dimensional (3D) ADCIRC Model with (1) baroclinic forcing term and (2) transport module of suspended and soluble materials. The transport module covers the erosion, material suspension and deposition processes for both cohesive and non-cohesive type sediments. The inclusion of the baroclinic demonstrates the potential of over or underpredicting the total net transport of suspended cohesive sediment under influence of currents. The model provides less than 6% error of theoretical mass conservation for eroded, suspended and deposited sediment material. The inclusion of the baroclinic term in stratified water demonstrates the prevailing longshore sediment transport. It is shown that the model has an application to the transport of the cohesive sediments from the mouth of the Mississippi River along the north shore of the Gulf of Mexico towards and along the Texas coast. The model is also applicable to determine the design erosion thickness of a cap for isolating contaminated dredged material and to evaluate the appro-priate grain size of cap sediments to minimize the erosion.

Pandoe, Wahyu Widodo

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Tuning Band Gap Energies in Pb3(C6X6) Extended Solid-State Structures  

SciTech Connect

A detailed plane-wave density functional theory investigation of the solid-state properties of the extended organometallic system Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}X{sub 6} for X = O, S, Se, and Te has been performed. Initial geometry parameters for the Pb-X and C-X bond distances were obtained from optimized calculations on molecular fragment models. The Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}X{sub 6} extended solid molecular structures were constructed in the space group P6/mmm on the basis of the known structure for X = S. Ground-state geometries, band gap energies, densities of states, and charge densities were calculated with the PBE-generalized gradient exchange-correlation functional and the HSE06 hybrid exchange-correlation functional. The PBE band gap energies were found to be lower than the HSE06 values by >0.7 eV. The band energies at points of high symmetry along the first Brillouin zone in the crystal were larger than the overall band gap of the system. Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}O{sub 6} was predicted to be a direct semiconductor ({Lambda} point) with a PBE band gap of 0.28 eV and an HSE06 band gap of 1.06 eV. Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}S{sub 6} and Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}Se{sub 6} were predicted to have indirect band gaps. The PBE band gap for Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}S{sub 6} was 0.98 eV, and the HSE06 band gap was 1.91 eV. The HSE06 value is in good agreement with the experimentally observed band gap of 1.7 eV. Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}Se{sub 6} has a PBE band gap of 0.56 eV and a HSE06 band gap of 1.41 eV. Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}Te{sub 6} was predicted to be metallic with both of the PBE and HSE06 functionals. A detailed analysis of the PBE band structure and partial density of states at two points before and after the metallic behavior reveals a change in orbital character indicative of band crossing in Pb{sub 3}C{sub 6}Te{sub 6}. These results show that the band gap energies can be fine-tuned by changing the substituent X atom.

Stott, Amanda C.; Vaid, Thomas P.; Bylaska, Eric J.; Dixon, David A.

2012-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

310

Design, implementation and testing of extended and mixed precisionBLAS  

SciTech Connect

This article describes the design rationale, a C implementation, and conformance testing of a subset of the new Standard for the BLAS (Basic Linear Algebra Subroutines): Extended and Mixed Precision BLAS. Permitting higher internal precision and mixed input/output types and precisions allows us to implement some algorithms that are simpler, more accurate, and sometimes faster than possible without these features. The new BLAS are challenging to implement and test because there are many more subroutines than in the existing Standard, and because we must be able to assess whether a higher precision is used for internal computations than is used for either input or output variables. We have therefore developed an automated process of generating and systematically testing these routines. Our methodology is applicable to languages besides C. In particular, our algorithms used in the testing code will be valuable to all other BLAS implementors. Our extra precision routines achieve excellent performance--close to half of the machine peak Megaflop rate even for the Level 2 BLAS, when the data access is stride one.

Li, X.S.; Demmel, J.W.; Bailey, D.H.; Henry, G.; Hida, Y.; Iskandar, J.; Kahan, W.; Kapur, A.; Martin, M.C.; Tung, T.; Yoo, D.J.

2000-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

311

Extended Coronal Heating and Solar Wind Acceleration Over the Solar Cycle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper reviews our growing understanding of the physics behind coronal heating (in open-field regions) and the acceleration of the solar wind. Many new insights have come from the last solar cycle's worth of observations and theoretical work. Measurements of the plasma properties in the extended corona, where the primary solar wind acceleration occurs, have been key to discriminating between competing theories. We describe how UVCS/SOHO measurements of coronal holes and streamers over the last 14 years have provided clues about the detailed kinetic processes that energize both fast and slow wind regions. We also present a brief survey of current ideas involving the coronal source regions of fast and slow wind streams, and how these change over the solar cycle. These source regions are discussed in the context of recent theoretical models (based on Alfven waves and MHD turbulence) that have begun to successfully predict both the heating and acceleration in fast and slow wind regions with essentially no fre...

Cranmer, Steven R; Miralles, Mari Paz; van Ballegooijen, Adriaan A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Alfvenic Turbulence in the Extended Solar Corona: Kinetic Effects and Proton Heating  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a model of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence in the extended solar corona that contains the effects of collisionless dissipation and anisotropic particle heating. Measurements made by UVCS/SOHO have revived interest in the idea that ions are energized by the dissipation of ion cyclotron resonant waves, but such high-frequency (i.e., small wavelength) fluctuations have not been observed. A turbulent cascade is one possible way of generating small-scale fluctuations from a pre-existing population of low-frequency MHD waves. We model this cascade as a combination of advection and diffusion in wavenumber space. The dominant spectral transfer occurs in the direction perpendicular to the background magnetic field. As expected from earlier models, this leads to a highly anisotropic fluctuation spectrum with a rapidly decaying tail in parallel wavenumber. The wave power that decays to high enough frequencies to become ion cyclotron resonant depends on the relative strengths of advection and diffusion in the cascade. For the most realistic values of these parameters, though, there is insufficient power to heat protons and heavy ions. The dominant oblique fluctuations (with dispersion properties of kinetic Alfven waves) undergo Landau damping, which implies strong parallel electron heating. We discuss the probable nonlinear evolution of the electron velocity distributions into parallel beams and discrete phase-space holes (similar to those seen in the terrestrial magnetosphere) which can possibly heat protons via stochastic interactions.

S. R. Cranmer; A. A. van Ballegooijen

2003-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

313

Extending a CAD-Based Cartesian Mesh Generator for the Lattice Boltzmann Method  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the development of a custom preprocessor for the PaRAllel Thermal Hydraulics simulations using Advanced Mesoscopic methods (PRATHAM) code based on an open-source mesh generator, CartGen [1]. PRATHAM is a three-dimensional (3D) lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) based parallel flow simulation software currently under development at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The LBM algorithm in PRATHAM requires a uniform, coordinate system-aligned, non-body-fitted structured mesh for its computational domain. CartGen [1], which is a GNU-licensed open source code, already comes with some of the above needed functionalities. However, it needs to be further extended to fully support the LBM specific preprocessing requirements. Therefore, CartGen is being modified to (i) be compiler independent while converting a neutral-format STL (Stereolithography) CAD geometry to a uniform structured Cartesian mesh, (ii) provide a mechanism for PRATHAM to import the mesh and identify the fluid/solid domains, and (iii) provide a mechanism to visually identify and tag the domain boundaries on which to apply different boundary conditions.

Cantrell, J Nathan [ORNL; Inclan, Eric J [ORNL; Joshi, Abhijit S [ORNL; Popov, Emilian L [ORNL; Jain, Prashant K [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

On the Structure of the Nonlinear Vacuum Solutions in Extended Electrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, in the frame of Extended Electrodynamics (EED), we study some of the consequences that can be obtained from the introduced and used by Maxwell equations complex structure \\mathcal{J} in the space of 2-forms on \\mathbb{R}^4, and also used in EED. First we give the vacuum EED equations with some comments. Then we recall some facts about the invariance group $G$ (with Lie algebra \\mathcal{G}) of the standard complex structure $J$ in \\mathbb{R}^2. After defining and briefly studying a representation of $G$ in the space of 2-forms on \\mathbb{R}^4 and the joint action of $G$ in the space of \\mathcal{G}-valued 2-forms on \\mathbb{R}^4 we consider its connection with the vacuum solutions of EED. Finally we consider the case with point dependent group parameters and show that the set of the nonlinear vacuum EED solutions is a disjoint union of orbits of the $G$-action, noting some similarities with the quantim mechanical eigen picture and with the QFT creation and anihilation operators.

Donev, S; Donev, Stoil; Tashkova, Maria

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

On the Structure of the Nonlinear Vacuum Solutions in Extended Electrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, in the frame of Extended Electrodynamics (EED), we study some of the consequences that can be obtained from the introduced and used by Maxwell equations complex structure \\mathcal{J} in the space of 2-forms on \\mathbb{R}^4, and also used in EED. First we give the vacuum EED equations with some comments. Then we recall some facts about the invariance group $G$ (with Lie algebra \\mathcal{G}) of the standard complex structure $J$ in \\mathbb{R}^2. After defining and briefly studying a representation of $G$ in the space of 2-forms on \\mathbb{R}^4 and the joint action of $G$ in the space of \\mathcal{G}-valued 2-forms on \\mathbb{R}^4 we consider its connection with the vacuum solutions of EED. Finally we consider the case with point dependent group parameters and show that the set of the nonlinear vacuum EED solutions is a disjoint union of orbits of the $G$-action, noting some similarities with the quantim mechanical eigen picture and with the QFT creation and anihilation operators.

Stoil Donev; Maria Tashkova

2002-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

316

The Thermal Regulation of Gravitational Instabilities in Protoplanetary Disks II. Extended Simulations with Varied Cooling Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to investigate mass transport and planet formation by gravitational instabilities (GIs), we have extended our 3-D hydrodynamic simulations of protoplanetary disks from a previous paper. Our goal is to determine the asymptotic behavior of GIs and how it is affected by different constant cooling times. Initially, Rdisk = 40 AU, Mdisk = 0.07 Mo, M* = 0.5 Mo, and Qmin = 1.8. Sustained cooling, with tcool = 2 orps (outer rotation periods, 1 orp ~ 250 yrs), drives the disk to instability in ~ 4 orps. This calculation is followed for 23.5 orps. After 12 orps, the disk settles into a quasi-steady state with sustained nonlinear instabilities, an average Q = 1.44 over the outer disk, a well-defined power-law Sigma(r), and a roughly steady Mdot ~ 5(-7) Mo/yr. The transport is driven by global low-order spiral modes. We restart the calculation at 11.2 orps with tcool = 1 and 1/4 orp. The latter case is also run at high azimuthal resolution. We find that shorter cooling times lead to increased Mdots, denser and t...

Mejia, A C; Pickett, M K; Cai, K; Mejia, Annie C.; Durisen, Richard H.; Pickett, Megan K.; Cai, Kai

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

PU/SS EUTECTIC ASSESSMENT IN 9975 PACKAGINGS IN A STORAGE FACILITY DURING EXTENDED FIRE  

SciTech Connect

In a radioactive material (RAM) packaging, the formation of eutectic at the Pu/SS (plutonium/stainless steel) interface is a serious concern and must be avoided to prevent of leakage of fissile material to the environment. The eutectic temperature for the Pu/SS is rather low (410 C) and could seriously impact the structural integrity of the containment vessel under accident conditions involving fire. The 9975 packaging is used for long term storage of Pu bearing materials in the DOE complex where the Pu comes in contact with the stainless steel containment vessel. Due to the serious consequences of the containment breach at the eutectic site, the Pu/SS interface temperature is kept well below the eutectic formation temperature of 410 C. This paper discusses the thermal models and the results for the extended fire conditions (1500 F for 86 minutes) that exist in a long term storage facility and concludes that the 9975 packaging Pu/SS interface temperature is well below the eutectic temperature.

Gupta, N.

2012-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

318

ATLAS Upgrades Towards the High Luminosity LHC: Extending the Discovery Potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After successful LHC operation at the center-of-mass energy of 7 and 8 TeV in 2011 and 2012, plans are actively advancing for a series of upgrades, culminating roughly 10 years from now in the high luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) project, delivering of order five times the LHC nominal instantaneous luminosity along with luminosity levelling. The final goal is to extend the data set from about few hundred fb?1 expected for LHC running to 3000 fb?1 by around 2030. Current planning in ATLAS also has significant upgrades to the detector during the consolidation of the LHC to reach full LHC energy and further upgrades to accommodate running already beyond nominal luminosity this decade. The challenge of coping with HL-LHC instantaneous and integrated luminosity, along with the associated radiation levels, requires further major changes to the ATLAS detector. The designs are developing rapidly for an all-new inner-tracker, significant upgrades in the calorimeter and muon systems, as well as improved triggers and data a...

Vankov, P; The ATLAS collaboration

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

ATLAS Upgrades Towards the High Luminosity LHC: extending the discovery potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After successful LHC operation at the center-of-mass energy of 7 and 8 TeV in 2011 and 2012, plans are actively advancing for a series of upgrades, cul- minating roughly 10 years from now in the high luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) project, delivering of order five times the LHC nominal instantaneous lumi- nosity along with luminosity leveling. The final goal is to extend the data set from about few hundred fb?1 expected for LHC running to 3000 fb?1 by around 2030. Current planning in ATLAS also has significant upgrades to the detector during the consolidation of the LHC to reach full LHC energy and further upgrades to accommodate running already beyond nominal luminosity this decade. The challenge of coping with HL-LHC instantaneous and inte- grated luminosity, along with the associated radiation levels, requires further major changes to the ATLAS detector. The designs are developing rapidly for an all-new inner-tracker, significant upgrades in the calorimeter and muon systems, as well as improved triggers and d...

Valero, A; The ATLAS collaboration

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

ATLAS Upgrades Towards the High Luminosity LHC: extending the discovery potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After successful LHC operation at the center-of-mass energy of 7 and 8TeV in 2011 and 2012, plans are actively advancing for a series of upgrades, culminating roughly 10 years from now in the high luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) project, delivering of order five times the LHC nominal instantaneous luminosity along with luminosity leveling. The final goal is to extend the data set from about few hundred fb-1 expected for LHC running to 3000 fb-1 by around 2030. Current planning in ATLAS also has significant upgrades to the detector during the consolidation of the LHC to reach full LHC energy and further upgrades to accommodate running already beyond nominal luminosity this decade. The challenge of coping with HL-LHC instantaneous and integrated luminosity, along with the associated radiation levels, requires further major changes to the ATLAS detector. The designs are developing rapidly for an all-new inner-tracker, significant upgrades in the calorimeter and muon systems, as well as improved triggers and data acquisi...

Valero, A; The ATLAS collaboration

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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321

Chandra Observations of MRK 273 Unveiling the Central AGN and the Extended Hot Gas Halo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report X-ray observations of the field containing the ultraluminous IRAS galaxy Mrk~273 Using the ACIS-S3 instrument on board Chandra. The high resolution X-ray image, for the first time, reveals a compact hard X-ray nucleus in Mrk~273. Its X-ray energy distribution is well described by a heavily obscured power-law spectrum plus a narrow $\\Feka$ emission line at 6.4 keV. The neutral hydrogen column density is about $4\\times10^{23}\\cm^{-2}$, implying an absorption -corrected X-ray luminosity (0.1--10 keV) for the nucleus of $\\Lx\\approx 6.5\\times 10^{43} \\ergs$. There are also bright soft X-ray clumps and diffuse soft X-ray emissions surrounding the central hard X-ray nucleus within the $10\\arcsec$ of the nuclear region. Its spectrum can be fitted by a MEKAL thermal model with temperature of about 0.8 keV and high metallicity ($Z\\sim 1.5Z_\\odot$) plus emission lines from $\\alpha$ elements and ions. Further outside the central region, the Chandra observations reveal a very extended hot gas halo with a project...

Xia, X Y; Mao, S; Boller, T; Deng, Z G; Wu, H; Boller, Th.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Extending the redshift-distance relation in Cosmological General Relativity to higher redshifts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The redshift-distance modulus relation, the Hubble Diagram, derived from Cosmological General Relativity has been extended to arbitrarily large redshifts. Numerical methods were employed and a density function was found that results in a valid solution of the field equations at all redshifts. The extension has been compared to 302 type Ia supernova data as well as to 69 Gamma-ray burst data. The latter however do not not truly represent a `standard candle' as the derived distance modulii are not independent of the cosmology used. Nevertheless the analysis shows a good fit can be achieved without the need to assume the existence of dark matter. The Carmelian theory is also shown to describe a universe that is always spatially flat. This results from the underlying assumption of the energy density of a cosmological constant $\\Omega_{\\Lambda} = 1$, the result of vacuum energy. The curvature of the universe is described by a \\textit{spacevelocity} metric where the energy content of the curvature at any epoch is $\\Omega_K = \\Omega_{\\Lambda} - \\Omega = 1-\\Omega$, where $\\Omega$ is the matter density of the universe. Hence the total density is always $\\Omega_K + \\Omega = 1$

John G. Hartnett

2007-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

323

Central receiver solar thermal power system: collector subsystem extended life test. Final report  

SciTech Connect

To evaluate long term durability and stability of heliostat reflector and enclosure materials an extended life test program was performed on Research Experiment Heliostats by Boeing Engineering and Construction. The reflectors and enclosures were periodically evaluated and analyzed for the effects of dirt, sunlight, wind and thermal cycling on the mechanical and optical properties of Tedlar and changes in the Mylar reflector tension and reflectivity. During testing the heliostats were maintained and semi-annualy evaluated for optical and mechanical stability. The heliostats tested were located at the Boeing Boardman, Oregon test facility. The purpose of the program was to obtain data through measurements and observation to aid in heliostat design improvement. Certain weather and time related information, most reliably acquired by real time exposure testing, was sought through performance of mechanical and optical testing of the Boardman heliostats. The key areas of technical concern were: (1) enclosure and reflector optical property retention; (2) enclosure and reflector mechanical property retention; and (3) reflector creep (or loss in membrane tension) using bonded joints. In-place optical measurements as well as laboratory optical measurements on coupons cut from a heliostat, mechanical measurements from heliostat coupons, reflector sag measurements, and observations of the air supply system pressure stability and filter condition were made during the initial and two semi-annual test samplings. Results are summarized and discussed. (WHK)

1979-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

324

Online Condition Monitoring to Enable Extended Operation of Nuclear Power Plants  

SciTech Connect

Safe, secure, and economic operation of nuclear power plants will remain of strategic significance. New and improved monitoring will likely have increased significance in the post-Fukushima world. Prior to Fukushima, many activities were already underway globally to facilitate operation of nuclear power plants beyond their initial licensing periods. Decisions to shut down a nuclear power plant are mostly driven by economic considerations. Online condition monitoring is a means to improve both the safety and economics of extending the operating lifetimes of nuclear power plants, enabling adoption of proactive aging management. With regard to active components (e.g., pumps, valves, motors, etc.), significant experience in other industries has been leveraged to build the science base to support adoption for online condition-based maintenance and proactive aging management in the nuclear industry. Many of the research needs are associated with enabling proactive management of aging in passive components (e.g., pipes, vessels, cables, containment structures, etc.). This paper provides an overview of online condition monitoring for the nuclear power industry with an emphasis on passive components. Following the overview, several technology/knowledge gaps are identified, which require addressing to facilitate widespread online condition monitoring of passive components.

Meyer, Ryan M.; Bond, Leonard J.; Ramuhalli, Pradeep

2012-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

325

THERMAL PERFORMANCE SENSITIVITY STUDIES IN SUPPORT OF MATERIAL MODELING FOR EXTENDED STORAGE OF USED NUCLEAR FUEL  

SciTech Connect

The work reported here is an investigation of the sensitivity of component temperatures of a storage system, including fuel cladding temperatures, in response to age-related changes that could degrade the design-basis thermal behavior of the system. Three specific areas of interest were identified for this study. • degradation of the canister backfill gas from pure helium to a mixture of air and helium, resulting from postulated leakage due to stress corrosion cracking (SCC) of canister welds • changes in surface emissivity of system components, resulting from corrosion or other aging mechanisms, which could cause potentially significant changes in temperatures and temperature distributions, due to the effect on thermal radiation exchange between components • changes in fuel and basket temperatures due to changes in fuel assembly position within the basket cells in the canister The purpose of these sensitivity studies is to provide a realistic example of how changes in the physical properties or configuration of the storage system components can affect temperatures and temperature distributions. The magnitudes of these sensitivities can provide guidance for identifying appropriate modeling assumptions for thermal evaluations extending long term storage out beyond 50, 100, 200, and 300 years.

Cuta, Judith M.; Suffield, Sarah R.; Fort, James A.; Adkins, Harold E.

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

326

Discovery of an HI Counterpart to the Extended Tail of Mira  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the detection of an HI counterpart to the extended, far-ultraviolet-emitting tail associated with the asymptotic giant branch star Mira (o Ceti). Using the Nancay Radio Telescope (NRT), we have detected emission as far as 88' north of the star, confirming that the tail contains a significant atomic component (M_HI ~ 4x10e-3 M_sun). The NRT spectra reveal a deceleration of the tail gas caused by interaction with the local interstellar medium. We estimate an age for the tail of ~1.2x10e5 years, suggesting that the mass-loss history of Mira has been more prolonged than previous observational estimates. Using the Very Large Array (VLA) we have also imaged the HI tail out to ~12' (0.4 pc) from the star. The detected emission shows a ``head-tail'' morphology, but with complex substructure. Regions with detected HI emission correlate with far-ultraviolet-luminous regions on large scales, but the two tracers are not closely correlated on smaller scales (<1'). We propose that detectable tails of HI are li...

Matthews, L D; Gerard, E; Bertre, T Le; Reid, M J

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Discovery of an HI Counterpart to the Extended Tail of Mira  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the detection of an HI counterpart to the extended, far-ultraviolet-emitting tail associated with the asymptotic giant branch star Mira (o Ceti). Using the Nancay Radio Telescope (NRT), we have detected emission as far as 88' north of the star, confirming that the tail contains a significant atomic component (M_HI ~ 4x10e-3 M_sun). The NRT spectra reveal a deceleration of the tail gas caused by interaction with the local interstellar medium. We estimate an age for the tail of ~1.2x10e5 years, suggesting that the mass-loss history of Mira has been more prolonged than previous observational estimates. Using the Very Large Array (VLA) we have also imaged the HI tail out to ~12' (0.4 pc) from the star. The detected emission shows a ``head-tail'' morphology, but with complex substructure. Regions with detected HI emission correlate with far-ultraviolet-luminous regions on large scales, but the two tracers are not closely correlated on smaller scales (<1'). We propose that detectable tails of HI are likely to be a common feature of red giants undergoing mass-loss.

L. D. Matthews; Y. Libert; E. Gerard; T. Le Bertre; M. J. Reid

2008-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

328

A Hybrid Query Language for an Extended Entity-Relationship Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the hybrid query language HQL/EER for an Extended Entity-Relationship model. As its main characteristic, this language allows a user to use both graphical and textual elements in the formulation of one and the same query. We demonstrate the lookand -feel of this query language by means of examples, and show how syntax and semantics of this language are formally defined using programmed graph rewriting systems. Although we present the language in the context of the EER model, the concept of hybrid languages is applicable in the context of other database models as well. We illustrate this claim by discussing a prototype implementation of a Hybrid Query Tool based on an object-oriented approach, namely the Object Modeling Technique (OMT). 1 Introduction The database research efforts of the past decade have provided us with a wide range of both database models and systems, allowing the user to perform complex manipulations on data structures of high modeling power. Th...

Marc Andries; Gregor Engels

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Extending an object-oriented design method: a C++extension for IDEF4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research introduces an object-oriented implementation design method IDEF4/C++. IDEF4/C++ is an extension of the IDEF4 object-oriented design method that incorporates C++ language considerations and practice to provide guidance and structure to ease the transition from an IDEF4 conceptual design to its implementation in C++. To guide the development of IDEF4/C++, three IDEF5 ontological models are built: (1) an ontology of general object-oriented concepts; (2) an ontology of the IDEF4 method concepts; and (3) an ontology of the C++ programming language. Together these ontologies form the conceptual foundation of this research effort. They also provide a formal platform for understanding the mappings between the terminology and primitive concepts in these domains. Extensions included in the IDEF4/C++ are: (1) an extended method syntax; (2) a transformation heuristic for transforming an IDEF4 conceptual design to an IDEF4/C++ implementation specification; (3) an IDEF3 model of the IDEF4/C++ design process with design evolution configuration management; and (4) best practice guidelines for the application of IDEF4/C++, especially focusing on design reuse. The thesis concludes with a discussion of an integrated framework for object-oriented system development. Without increasing the complexity of the IDDEF4 method, IDEF4/C++ takes advantage of C++ language features and best practice experience to bridge the gap between the conceptual design phase and the implementation phase in a software development project.

Hsieh, Li-Tsung

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

The Macroscopic Approach to Extended Thermodynamics with 14 Moments, Up to Whatever Order  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Extended Thermodynamics is the natural framework in which to study the physics of fluids, because it leads to symmetric hyperbolic systems of field laws, thus assuming important properties such as finite propagation speeds of shock waves and well posedness of the Cauchy problem. The closure of the system of balance equations is obtained by imposing the entropy principle and that of galilean relativity. If we take the components of the mean field as independent variables, these two principles are equivalent to some conditions on the entropy density and its flux. The method until now used to exploit these conditions, with the macroscopic approach, has not been used up to whatever order with respect to thermodynamical equilibrium. This is because it leads to several difficulties in calculations. Now these can be overcome by using a new method proposed recently by Pennisi and Ruggeri. Here we apply it to the 14 moments model. We will also show that the 13 moments case can be obtained from the present one by using the method of subsystems.

Sebastiano Pennisi; Maria Cristina Carrisi

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Extended Bose Hubbard model of interacting bosonic atoms in optical lattices: From superfluidity to density waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For systems of interacting, ultracold spin-zero neutral bosonic atoms, harmonically trapped and subject to an optical lattice potential, we derive an Extended Bose Hubbard (EBH) model by developing a systematic expansion for the Hamiltonian of the system in powers of the lattice parameters and of a scale parameter, the lattice attenuation factor. We identify the dominant terms that need to be retained in realistic experimental conditions, up to nearest-neighbor interactions and nearest-neighbor hoppings conditioned by the on-site occupation numbers. In the mean field approximation, we determine the free energy of the system and study the phase diagram both at zero and at finite temperature. At variance with the standard on site Bose Hubbard model, the zero-temperature phase diagram of the EBH model possesses a dual structure in the Mott insulating regime. Namely, for specific ranges of the lattice parameters, a density wave phase characterizes the system at integer fillings, with domains of alternating mean occupation numbers that are the atomic counterparts of the domains of staggered magnetizations in an antiferromagnetic phase. We show as well that in the EBH model, a zero-temperature quantum phase transition to pair superfluidity is, in principle, possible, but completely suppressed at the lowest order in the lattice attenuation factor. Finally, we determine the possible occurrence of the different phases as a function of the experimentally controllable lattice parameters.

Mazzarella, G.; Giampaolo, S. M.; Illuminati, F. [Dipartimento di Fisica 'E. R. Caianiello', Universita di Salerno, Coherentia CNR-INFM, and INFN Sezione di Napoli, Gruppo Collegato di Salerno, Via S. Allende, 84081 Baronissi (Saudi Arabia) (Italy)

2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

332

Extended Bose Hubbard model of interacting bosonic atoms in optical lattices: from superfluidity to density waves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For systems of interacting, ultracold spin-zero neutral bosonic atoms, harmonically trapped and subject to an optical lattice potential, we derive an Extended Bose Hubbard (EBH) model by developing a systematic expansion for the Hamiltonian of the system in powers of the lattice parameters and of a scale parameter, the {\\it lattice attenuation factor}. We identify the dominant terms that need to be retained in realistic experimental conditions, up to nearest-neighbor interactions and nearest-neighbor hoppings conditioned by the on site occupation numbers. In mean field approximation, we determine the free energy of the system and study the phase diagram both at zero and at finite temperature. At variance with the standard on site Bose Hubbard model, the zero temperature phase diagram of the EBH model possesses a dual structure in the Mott insulating regime. Namely, for specific ranges of the lattice parameters, a density wave phase characterizes the system at integer fillings, with domains of alternating mean occupation numbers that are the atomic counterparts of the domains of staggered magnetizations in an antiferromagnetic phase. We show as well that in the EBH model, a zero-temperature quantum phase transition to pair superfluidity is in principle possible, but completely suppressed at lowest order in the lattice attenuation factor. Finally, we determine the possible occurrence of the different phases as a function of the experimentally controllable lattice parameters.

G. Mazzarella; S. M. Giampaolo; F. Illuminati

2005-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

333

Prioritization and Implementation Plan for Collaborative Case Study on RPV Steels During Extended Service  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nuclear power currently provides a significant fraction of the United States non-carbon emitting power generation. In future years, nuclear power must continue to generate a significant portion of the nation's electricity to meet the growing electricity demand, clean energy goals, and ensure energy independence. New reactors will be an essential part of the expansion of nuclear power. However, given limits on new builds imposed by economics and industrial capacity, the extended service of the existing fleet will also be required. Ensuring public safety and environmental protection is a prerequisite to all nuclear power plant operating and licensing decisions at all stages of reactor life. This includes the original license period of 40 years, the first license extension to 60 years, and certainly for any consideration of life beyond 60 years. For extended operating periods, it must be shown that adequate aging management programs are present or planned and that appropriate safety margins exist throughout the subsequent license renewal periods. Materials degradation can impact reactor reliability, availability, and potentially, safe operation. Components within a reactor must tolerate the harsh environment of high temperature water, stress, vibration, and/or an intense neutron field. Degradation of materials in this environment can lead to reduced performance, and in some cases, sudden failure. Clearly, understanding materials degradation and accounting for the effects of a reactor environment in operating and regulatory limits is essential. The Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Program is designed to support the long-term operation (LTO) of existing domestic nuclear power generation with targeted collaborative research programs into areas beyond current short-term optimization opportunities. Within the LWRS program, two pathways have been initiated to perform research essential to informing relicensing decisions. The Materials Aging and Degradation Pathway is designed to help develop the scientific basis for understanding and predicting long-term environmental degradation behavior of materials in nuclear power plants and to provide data and methods to assess performance of systems, structures, and components essential to safe and sustained operation. The Risk-Informed Safety Margins Characterization Pathway (RISMC) seeks to merge fundamental scientific understanding of critical phenomenological conditions and deterministic predictions of nuclear power plant performance with risk-informed characterization tools. This will provide an integrated characterization of public safety margins in an optimization of nuclear safety, plant performance, and long-term asset management. Clearly, these two pathways have many synergies in goals and outcomes. The data and mechanisms generated in the Materials Pathway may feed into and mold efforts within the RISMC Pathway. In addition, insights from the characterization tools developed in RISMC tasks may inform materials testing needs and experiments. To demonstrate this potentially powerful interaction, a joint case study has been proposed and initiated. This document describes the initial planning for a coordinated study between the Materials and the RISMC Pathways. A brief description of each Pathway is presented along with a more detailed description of the needs and requirements of this collaborative task. A list of criteria for any case-study candidate are then listed, along with the rationale for choosing pressurized thermal shock as the prime candidate an inter-pathway collaboration. A proposed timeline and organization of future interactions on this subject area is also presented.

Busby, Jeremy T [ORNL; Nanstad, Randy K [ORNL

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Problem Specification for FY12 Modeling of UNF During Extended Storage  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS) program of the Advanced Modeling and Simulation Office (AMSO) of the US Department of Energy, Office of Nuclear Energy (DOE/NE) has invested in the initial extension and application of advanced nuclear simulation tools to address relevant needs in evaluating the performance of used nuclear fuel (UNF) during extended periods of dry storage. There are many significant challenges associated with the prediction of the behavior of used fuel during extended periods of dry storage and subsequent transportation. The initial activities are focused on integrating with the Used Fuel Disposition (UFD) Campaign of the DOE/NE and a demonstration that the Advanced Multi-Physics (AMP) Nuclear Fuel Performance code (AMPFuel) for modeling the mechanical state of the cladding after decades of storage. This initial focus will model the long-term storage of the UNF and account for the effect, and generation, of radially and circumferentially oriented hydride precipitates within the cladding and predict the end of storage (EOS) mechanical state (stress, strain) of the cladding. Predicting the EOS state of the cladding is significant because it (1) provides an estimate of the margin to failure of the cladding during nominal storage operation and it (2) establishes the initial state of the fuel for post-storage transportation. Because there are significant uncertainties associated with the storage conditions, hydride precipitate formation, and the beginning of storage (BOS) condition of the UNF, this will also allow for the development of a rigorous capability to evaluate the relative sensitivities of the uncertainties and can help to guide the experimental and analysis efforts of the UFD Campaign. This document is focused on specifying the problem that will be solved with AMPFuel. An associated report, documents the specifics of the constitutive model that will be developed and implemented in AMPFuel to account for the presence and predict the generation of the hydride precipitates. This report satisfies the deliverable for the DOE Office of Nuclear Energy, Advanced Modeling and Simulation Office, milestone M3MS-12OR0605083, 'Definition of Problem Specification,' which defines the problem to be solved that will satisfy milestone M2MS-12OR0605081, 'Demonstration of the Advanced Multi-Physics (AMP) Nuclear Fuel Performance code for modeling UFD.' This document should provide sufficient detail to model a high burnup pressurized water reactor (PWR) fuel rod to provide an estimate of the end of storage (EOS) mechanical state of the cladding. The fuel rod and irradiation history are based on seven cycles of irradiation in the CP and L H.B. Robinson nuclear reactor, which achieved a discharge burnup of 66.682 MWd/kgU. The fuel has been experimentally examined for storage conditions by Argonne National Laboratory for the NRC. In addition, we have compiled a list of key factors that have been shown to strongly influence the EOS state of the fuel and have identified baseline values and ranges of uncertainties that will be considered. The simulations that will be performed have been described in detail and include the modeling assumptions and boundary conditions.

Clarno, Kevin T [ORNL; Howard, Rob L [ORNL

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Use of Irrigation to Extend the Seeding Window for Final Reclamation at Yucca Mountain, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy has implemented a program to investigate the feasibility of various techniques for reclaiming lands disturbed during site characterization at Yucca Mountain. As part of this program, two studies were conducted in 1997 to assess the effects of combinations of seeding date (date that seeds are planted) and supplemental irrigation on densities of native plant species at Yucca Mountain. Study objectives were to (1) determine whether the traditional seeding window (October-December) could be extended through combinations of seeding date and irrigation date, (2) determine which combination of seeding date and irrigation was most successful, and (3) assess the effects of irrigation versus natural precipitation on seedling establishment. In the first study, a multi-species seed mix of 16 native species was sown into plots on four dates (12/96, 2/97, 3/97, and 4/97). Irrigation treatments were control (no irrigation) or addition of 80 mm of supplemental water applied over a one month period. Plant densities were sampled in August and again in October, 1997. In the second study, Larrea tridentata and Lycium andersonii, two species that are common at Yucca Mountain, but difficult to establish from seed, were sown together into plots in January and August, 1997. Half the plots were irrigated with approximately 250 mm of water between August 18 and September 11, while the remaining plots received no irrigation (control). Plant densities were sampled in October, 1997. The August census for the multi-species mix study showed irrigated plots that were sown in February, March and April had higher plant densities and more species than plots that were not irrigated. Irrigation had no effect on plant densities on plots that were seeded in December. Plots were used again in October following 18 mm of precipitation in September. Densities of three species, Ambrosia dumosa, Hymenoclea salsola, and L. tridentata, (warm-season species) were lower on irrigated plots sown in December, February, and March, and showed no response to irrigation on plots sown in April. Therefore, early spring irrigation did not facilitate establishment of warm-season species. These results suggest that these species are dependent upon precipitation while temperatures are warm in late summer or fall. However, control plots that were seeded in December had acceptable densities of these species. A more practical approach might be to avoid irrigation costs by seeding in December and waiting for fall precipitation. The remaining species (cool-season species) showed an opposite response to supplemental water with greater densities on irrigated plots sown in February, March, and April, and no response to irrigation on plots sown in December. While these results show that irrigation can extend the seeding window for cool-season species should it be necessary, it was also apparent that if seeds are sown by late December, irrigation is not necessary to achieve acceptable plant densities.

TRW Environmental Safety

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

The Thermal Regulation of Gravitational Instabilities in Protoplanetary Disks II. Extended Simulations with Varied Cooling Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to investigate mass transport and planet formation by gravitational instabilities (GIs), we have extended our 3-D hydrodynamic simulations of protoplanetary disks from a previous paper. Our goal is to determine the asymptotic behavior of GIs and how it is affected by different constant cooling times. Initially, Rdisk = 40 AU, Mdisk = 0.07 Mo, M* = 0.5 Mo, and Qmin = 1.8. Sustained cooling, with tcool = 2 orps (outer rotation periods, 1 orp ~ 250 yrs), drives the disk to instability in ~ 4 orps. This calculation is followed for 23.5 orps. After 12 orps, the disk settles into a quasi-steady state with sustained nonlinear instabilities, an average Q = 1.44 over the outer disk, a well-defined power-law Sigma(r), and a roughly steady Mdot ~ 5(-7) Mo/yr. The transport is driven by global low-order spiral modes. We restart the calculation at 11.2 orps with tcool = 1 and 1/4 orp. The latter case is also run at high azimuthal resolution. We find that shorter cooling times lead to increased Mdots, denser and thinner spiral structures, and more violent dynamic behavior. The asymptotic total internal energy and the azimuthally averaged Q(r) are insensitive to tcool. Fragmentation occurs only in the high-resolution tcool = 1/4 orp case; however, none of the fragments survive for even a quarter of an orbit. Ring-like density enhancements appear and grow near the boundary between GI active and inactive regions. We discuss the possible implications of these rings for gas giant planet formation.

Annie C. Mejia; Richard H. Durisen; Megan K. Pickett; Kai Cai

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

General-Purpose Heat Source development: Extended series test program large fragment tests  

SciTech Connect

General-Purpose Heat Source radioisotope thermoelectric generators (GPHS-RTGs) will provide electric power for the NASA Galileo and European Space Agency Ulysses missions. Each GPHS-RTG comprises two major components: GPHS modules, which provide thermal energy, and a thermoelectric converter, which converts the thermal energy into electric power. Each of the 18 GPHS modules in a GPHS-RTG contains four /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/-fueled capsules. LANL conducted a series of safety verification tests on the GPHS-RTG before the scheduled May 1986 launch of the Galileo spacecraft to assess the ability of the GPHS modules to contain the plutonia in potential accident environments. As a result of the Challenger 51-L accident in January 1986, NASA postponed the launch of Galileo; the launch vehicle was reconfigured and the spacecraft trajectory was modified. These actions prompted NASA to reevaluate potential mission accidents, and an extended series safety test program was initiated. The program included a series of large fragment tests that simulated the collision of solid rocket booster (SRB) fragments, generated in an SRB motor case rupture or resulting from a range safety officer SRB destruct action, with the GPHS-RTG. The tests indicated that fueled clads, inside a converter, will not breach or release fuel after a square (142 cm on a side) SRB fragment impacts flat-on at velocities up to 212 m/s, and that only the leading fueled capsules breach and release fuel after the square SRB fragment impacts the modules, inside the converter, edge-on at 95 m/s. 8 refs., 32 figs., 7 tabs.

Cull, T.A.

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

GaSb substrates with extended IR wavelength for advanced space based applications  

SciTech Connect

GaSb substrates have advantages that make them attractive for implementation of a wide range of infrared (IR) detectors with higher operating temperatures for stealth and space based applications. A significant aspect that would enable widespread commercial application of GaSb wafers for very long wavelength IR (VLWIR) applications is the capability for transmissivity beyond 15 m. Due largely to the GaSb (antisite) defect and other point defects in undoped GaSb substrates, intrinsic GaSb is still slightly p-type and strongly absorbs in the VLWIR. This requires backside thinning of the GaSb substrate for IR transmissivity. An extremely low n-type GaSb substrate is preferred to eliminate thinning and provide a substrate solution for backside illuminated VLWIR devices. By providing a more homogeneous radial distribution of the melt solute to suppress GaSb formation and controlling the cooling rate, ultra low doped n:GaSb has been achieved. This study examines the surface properties and IR transmission spectra of ultra low doped GaSb substrates at both room and low temperatures. Atomic force microscopy (AFM), homoepitaxy by MBE, and infrared Fourier transform (FTIR) analysis was implemented to examine material quality. As compared with standard low doped GaSb, the ultra low doped substrates show over 50% transmission and consistent wavelength transparency past 23 m with improved %T at low temperature. Homoepitaxy and AFM results indicate the ultra low doped GaSb has a low thermal desorbtion character and qualified morphology. In summary, improvements in room temperature IR transmission and extended wavelength characteristics have been shown consistently for ultra low doped n:GaSb substrates.

Allen, Lisa P.; Flint, Patrick; Dallas, Gordon; Bakken, Daniel; Blanchat, Kevin; Brown, Gail J.; Vangala, Shivashankar R.; Goodhue, William D.; Krishnaswami, Kannan

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

The Retrieval of Asymmetric Tropical Cyclone Structures Using Doppler Radar Simulations and Observations with the Extended GBVTD Technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ground-based velocity track display (GBVTD) technique is extended to two Doppler radars to retrieve the structure of a tropical cyclone’s (TC’s) circulation. With this extension, it is found that the asymmetric part of the TC radial wind ...

Yu-Chieng Liou; Tai-Chi Chen Wang; Wen-Chau Lee; Ya-Ju Chang

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

A Comparison of Extended and Quasigeostrophic Dynamics for a Case of Small–Rossby Number Extratropical Cyclone Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This note compares the extended (EXT) and quasigeostrophic (QG) dynamics of a small–Rossby number extratropical cyclone using the Zwack–Okossi (ZO) equation. Applied to a cyclone that occurred on 8–9 November 1985 over the North Atlantic Ocean, ...

James M. Vasilj; Phillip J. Smith

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour epact05 extended" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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341

Numerical simulation of four-field extended magnetohydrodynamics in dynamically adaptive curvilinear coordinates via Newton-Krylov-Schwarz  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical simulations of the four-field extended magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) equations with hyper-resistivity terms present a difficult challenge because of demanding spatial resolution requirements. A time-dependent sequence of r-refinement adaptive ... Keywords: Dynamically adaptive grid, Equidistribution principle, MHD, Magnetic reconnection, Monge-Ampère equation, Monge-Kantorovich optimization, NKS, Structured grid, r-Refinement

Xuefei Yuan; Stephen C. Jardin; David E. Keyes

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Sensorless Direct Torque Control For Salient Pole PMSM Based on Extended Kalman Filter Fed By AC/DC/AC Converter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Algeria Abstract -- In this paper, a new sensorless Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (IPMSM. Key words-- DTC; sensorless control; extended Kalman filter; Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor; boost-rectifier. I. INTRODUCTION Permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSMS) are widely used in many applications

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

343

An extended finite element method for hydraulic fracture propagation in deformable porous media with the cohesive crack model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a fully coupled numerical model is developed for the modeling of the hydraulic fracture propagation in porous media using the extended finite element method in conjunction with the cohesive crack model. The governing equations, which account ... Keywords: Cohesive crack propagation, Fluid flow, Fracturing porous media, Fully coupled model, Hydraulic fracturing, XFEM

T. Mohammadnejad, A. R. Khoei

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

MULTI - TRACER CONTROL ROOM AIR INLEAKAGE PROTOCOL AND SIMULATED PRIMARY AND EXTENDED MULTI - ZONE RESULTS.  

SciTech Connect

The perfluorocarbon tracer (PFT) technology can be applied simultaneously to the wide range in zonal flowrates (from tens of cfms in some Control Rooms to almost 1,000,000 cfm in Turbine Buildings), to achieve the necessary uniform tagging for subsequent determination of the desired air inleakage and outleakage from all zones surrounding a plant's Control Room (CR). New types of PFT sources (Mega sources) were devised and tested to handle the unusually large flowrates in a number of HVAC zones in power stations. A review of the plans of a particular nuclear power plant and subsequent simulations of the tagging and sampling results confirm that the technology can provide the necessary concentration measurement data to allow the important ventilation pathways involving the Control Room and its air flow communications with all adjacent zones to be quantitatively determined with minimal uncertainty. Depending on need, a simple single or 3-zone scheme (involving the Control Room alone or along with the Aux. Bldg. and Turbine Bldg.) or a more complex test involving up to 7 zones simultaneously can be accommodated with the current revisions to the technology; to test all the possible flow pathways, several different combinations of up to 7 zones would need to be run. The potential exists that for an appropriate investment, in about 2 years, it would be possible to completely evaluate an entire power plant in a single extended multizone test with up to 12 to 13 separate HVAC zones. With multiple samplers in the Control Room near each of the contiguous zones, not only will the prevalent inleakage or outleakage zones be documented, but the particular location of the pathway's room of ingress can be identified. The suggested protocol is to perform a 3-zone test involving the Control Room, Aux. Bldg., and Turbine Bldg. to (1) verify CR total inleakage and (2) proportion that inleakage to distinguish that from the other 2 major buildings and any remaining untagged locations. These results would then direct the next subsequent tests. Final results would point to where mitigation steps should be initiated. Protocols for repeat testing as well as long term continual testing are suggested.

DIETZ,R.N.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Chandra Observations of MRK 273: Unveiling the Central AGN and the Extended Hot Gas Halo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report X-ray observations of the field containing the ultraluminous IRAS galaxy Mrk~273 Using the ACIS-S3 instrument on board Chandra. The high resolution X-ray image, for the first time, reveals a compact hard X-ray nucleus in Mrk~273. Its X-ray energy distribution is well described by a heavily obscured power-law spectrum plus a narrow $\\Feka$ emission line at 6.4 keV. The neutral hydrogen column density is about $4\\times10^{23}\\cm^{-2}$, implying an absorption -corrected X-ray luminosity (0.1--10 keV) for the nucleus of $\\Lx\\approx 6.5\\times 10^{43} \\ergs$. There are also bright soft X-ray clumps and diffuse soft X-ray emissions surrounding the central hard X-ray nucleus within the $10\\arcsec$ of the nuclear region. Its spectrum can be fitted by a MEKAL thermal model with temperature of about 0.8 keV and high metallicity ($Z\\sim 1.5Z_\\odot$) plus emission lines from $\\alpha$ elements and ions. Further outside the central region, the Chandra observations reveal a very extended hot gas halo with a projected diameter of about $108 \\kpc\\times 68 \\kpc$ and soft X-ray luminosity of $\\Lx\\approx 1.9\\times 10^{41} \\ergs$. The temperature of the hot gas is about 0.62 keV with a low metallicity ($Z \\sim 0.1 Z_\\odot$). We discuss the nature of the AGN in Mrk~273 and the implications of our results on the origin of X-ray halos in elliptical galaxies. We also discuss the properties of Mrk~273x, a background AGN in the Mrk~273 field. The AGN has an X-ray luminosity of $\\Lx \\approx 2.43\\times 10^{44}\\ergs$ in the 0.5-10 keV band. Its X-ray properties resemble those of Seyfert 1 galaxies while its optical properties are similar to Seyfert 2 galaxies. Such mixed classifications may be a challenge for the unification scheme of AGNs.

X. Y. Xia; S. J. Xue; S. Mao; Th. Boller; Z. G. Deng; H. Wu

2001-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

346

3D Extended Logging for Geothermal Resources: Field Trials with the Geo-Bilt System  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Geo-BILT (Geothermal Borehole Induction Logging Tool) is an extended induction logging tool designed for 3D resistivity imaging around a single borehole. The tool was developed for deployment in high temperature geothermal wells under a joint program funded by the California Energy Commission, Electromagnetic Instruments (EMI) and the U.S. Department of Energy. EM1 was responsible for tool design and manufacture, and numerical modeling efforts were being addressed at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory (LLNL) and other contractors. The field deployment was done by EM1 and LLNL. The tool operates at frequencies from 2 to 42 kHz, and its design features a series of three-component magnetic sensors offset at 2 and 5 meters from a three-component magnetic source. The combined package makes it possible to do 3D resistivity imaging, deep into the formation, from a single well. The manufacture and testing of the tool was completed in spring of 2001, and the initial deployment of Geo-BILT occurred in May 2001 at the Lost Hills oil field in southern California at leases operated by Chevron USA. This site was chosen for the initial field test because of the favorable geological conditions and the availability of a number of wells suitable for tool deployment. The second deployment occurred in April 2002 at the Dixie Valley geothermal field, operated by Caithness Power LLC, in central Nevada. This constituted the first test in a high temperature environment. The Chevron site features a fiberglass-cased observation well in the vicinity of a water injector. The injected water, which is used for pressure maintenance and for secondary sweep of the heavy oil formation, has a much lower resistivity than the oil bearing formation. This, in addition to the non-uniform flow of this water, creates a 3D resistivity structure, which is analogous to conditions produced from flowing fractures adjacent to geothermal boreholes. Therefore, it is an excellent site for testing the 3D capability of the tool in a low risk environment. The Dixie Valley site offered an environment where the tool could locate near-well fractures associated with steam development. The Lost Hills field measurements yielded a data set suitable for 3D imaging. The Geo-BLT data corresponded to existing conventional logging data and showed clear indications, in several depth intervals, of near-well 3D structure. Subsequent 3D inversion of these data produced a model consistent with non-planar water flow in specific layers. The Dixie Valley measurements identified structures associated with dike intrusions and water inflow at particular depths. Preliminary analysis suggests these structures are steeply dipping, which is consistent with the geology.

Mallan, R; Wilt, M; Kirkendall, B; Kasameyer, P

2002-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

347

Design, Control and Motion Planning for a Novel Modular Extendable Robotic Manipulator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation discusses an implementation of a design, control and motion planning for a novel extendable modular redundant robotic manipulator in space constraints, which robots may encounter for completing required tasks in small and constrained environment. The design intent is to facilitate the movement of the proposed robotic manipulator in constrained environments, such as rubble piles. The proposed robotic manipulator with multi Degree of Freedom (m-DOF) links is capable of elongating by 25% of its nominal length. In this context, a design optimization problem with multiple objectives is also considered. In order to identify the benefits of the proposed design strategy, the reachable workspace of the proposed manipulator is compared with that of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) serpentine robot. The simulation results show that the proposed manipulator has a relatively efficient reachable workspace, needed in constrained environments. The singularity and manipulability of the designed manipulator are investigated. In this study, we investigate the number of links that produces the optimal design architecture of the proposed robotic manipulator. The total number of links decided by a design optimization can be useful distinction in practice. Also, we have considered a novel robust bio-inspired Sliding Mode Control (SMC) to achieve favorable tracking performance for a class of robotic manipulators with uncertainties. To eliminate the chattering problem of the conventional sliding mode control, we apply the Brain Emotional Learning Based Intelligent Control (BELBIC) to adaptively adjust the control input law in sliding mode control. The on-line computed parameters achieve favorable system robustness in process of parameter uncertainties and external disturbances. The simulation results demonstrate that our control strategy is effective in tracking high speed trajectories with less chattering, as compared to the conventional sliding mode control. The learning process of BLS is shown to enhance the performance of a new robust controller. Lastly, we consider the potential field methodology to generate a desired trajectory in small and constrained environments. Also, Obstacle Collision Avoidance (OCA) is applied to obtain an inverse kinematic solution of a redundant robotic manipulator.

Yi, Hak 1979-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

The Search for High Energy Extended Emission by Fermi-LAT from Swift-Localized Gamma-Ray Bursts  

SciTech Connect

The brighter Fermi-LAT bursts have exhibited emission at energies >0.1 GeV that persists as late as {approx}2 ks after the prompt phase has nominally ended. This so-called 'extended emission' could arise from continued activity of the prompt burst mechanism or it could be the start of a high energy afterglow component. The high energy extended emission seen by the LAT has typically followed a t{sup -}{gamma} power-law temporal decay where {gamma} {approx} 1.2-1.7 and has shown no strong indication of spectral evolution. In contrast, the prompt burst emission generally displays strong spectral variability and more complex temporal changes in the LAT band. This differing behavior suggests that the extended emission likely corresponds to an early afterglow phase produced by an external shock. In this study, we look for evidence of high energy extended emission from 145 Swift-localized GRBs that have occurred since the launch of Fermi. A majority of these bursts were either outside of the LAT field-of-view or were otherwise not detected by the LAT during the prompt phase. However, because of the scanning operation of the Fermi satellite, the long-lived extended emission of these bursts may be detectable in the LAT data on the {approx}few ks time scale. We will look for emission from individual bursts and will perform a stacking analysis in order to set bounds on this emission for the sample as a whole. The detection of such emission would have implications for afterglow models and for the overall energy budget of GRBs.

Chiang, J.; /Stanford U., HEPL /SLAC; Racusin, J.L.; /NASA, Goddard

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-39 Item I--Extend Use of Simplified Acquisition Procedures for Certain Commercial Items (FAR  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

39 39 Item I--Extend Use of Simplified Acquisition Procedures for Certain Commercial Items (FAR Case 2009-035) This final rule amends the FAR to implement section 81 6 of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year (FY) 201 0. The rule extends for two more years the commercial items test program in FAR subpart 13.5. The program was to expire January 1, 2010. Item 11--Clarification of Submission of Cost or Pricing Data on Non-Commercial Modifications of Commercial Items (FAR Case 2008-0 12) This final rule adopts, with minor changes, the interim rule published in the Federal Register at 74 FR 1 1826 on March 19,2009. The interim rule amended the FAR to implement section 8 14 of the NDAA for FY 2008. Section 8 14 requires the harmonization of the threshold for cost

350

A DOZEN NEW GALAXIES CAUGHT IN THE ACT: GAS STRIPPING AND EXTENDED EMISSION LINE REGIONS IN THE COMA CLUSTER  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present images of extended H{alpha} clouds associated with 14 member galaxies in the Coma cluster obtained from deep narrowband imaging observations with the Suprime-Cam at the Subaru Telescope. The parent galaxies of the extended H{alpha} clouds are distributed farther than 0.2 Mpc from the peak of the X-ray emission of the cluster. Most of the galaxies are bluer than g - r {approx} 0.5 and they account for 57% of the blue (g - r < 0.5) bright (r < 17.8 mag) galaxies in the central region of the Coma cluster. They reside near the red- and blueshifted edges of the radial velocity distribution of Coma cluster member galaxies. Our findings suggest that most of the parent galaxies were recently captured by the Coma cluster potential and are now infalling toward the cluster center with their disk gas being stripped off and producing the observed H{alpha} clouds.

Yagi, Masafumi; Komiyama, Yutaka; Kashikawa, Nobunari [Optical and Infrared Astronomy Division, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1, Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Yoshida, Michitoshi [Hiroshima Astrophysical Science Center, Hiroshima University, 1-3-1, Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8526 (Japan); Furusawa, Hisanori [Astronomy Data Center, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1, Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Okamura, Sadanori [Department of Astronomy, School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Graham, Alister W. [Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Victoria 3122 (Australia); Miller, Neal A. [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-2421 (United States); Carter, David [Astronomical Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, Twelve Quays House, Egerton Warf, Birkenhead CH41 1LD (United Kingdom); Mobasher, Bahram [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521 (United States); Jogee, Shardha, E-mail: YAGI.Masafumi@nao.ac.j [Department of Astronomy, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C1400, Austin, TX 78712 (United States)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

351

Extended Salecker-Wigner formula for optimal accuracy in reading a clock via a massive signal particle  

SciTech Connect

In order to acquire an extended Salecker-Wigner formula from which to derive the optimal accuracy in reading a clock with a massive particle as the signal, von Neumann's classical measurement is employed, by which simultaneously both position and momentum of the signal particle can be measured approximately. By an appropriate selection of wave function for the initial state of the composite system (a clock and a signal particle), the formula is derived accurately. Valid ranges of the running time of a clock with a given optimal accuracy are also given. The extended formula means that contrary to the Salecker-Wigner formula there exists the possibility of a higher accuracy of time measurement, even if the mass of the clock is very small.

Kudaka, Shoju; Matsumoto, Shuichi [Department of Physics, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan and Department of Mathematics, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa (Japan)

2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

352

Extended Lagrangian Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics in the limit of vanishing self-consistent field optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an efficient general approach to first principles molecular dynamics simulations based on extended Lagrangian Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics in the limit of vanishing self-consistent field optimization. The reduction of the optimization requirement reduces the computational cost to a minimum, but without causing any significant loss of accuracy or longterm energy drift. The optimization-free first principles molecular dynamics requires only one single diagonalization per time step and yields trajectories at the same level of accuracy as "exact", fully converged, Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics simulations. The optimization-free limit of extended Lagrangian Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics therefore represents an ideal starting point for a robust and efficient formulation of a new generation first principles quantum mechanical molecular dynamics simulation schemes.

Souvatzis, Petros

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Business reasons for utilizing renewable energy applications in facilities to assist in extending the life of the heating ventilation and air conditioning systems .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This research is intended to discover business reasons for utilizing renewable energy applications in buildings to help extend the life of the heating, ventilation and… (more)

Thompson, Glendon Raymond

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Extended Field of View Soft X-Ray Fourier Transform Holography: Toward Imaging Ultrafast Evolution in a Single Shot  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Panoramic full-field imaging is demonstrated by applying spatial multiplexing to Fourier transform holography. Multiple object and reference waves extend the effective field of view for lensless imaging without compromising the spatial resolution. In this way, local regions of interest distributed throughout a sample can be simultaneously imaged with high spatial resolution. A method is proposed for capturing multiple ultrafast images of a sample with a single x-ray pulse.

Schlotter, W.F.; /Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept. /SLAC, SSRL; Luening, J.; /Paris, Lab Chim. Quantique /SOLEIL, Saint-Aubin /BESSY, Berlin; Rick, R.; Chen, K.; /Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept. /SLAC, SSRL; Scherz, A.; /SLAC, SSRL; Eisebitt, S.; Guenther, C.M.; Eberhardt, W.; /BESSY, Berlin; Hellwig, O.; /Hitachi Global Stor. Tech., San Jose; Stohr, J.; /SLAC, SSRL

2009-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

355

The Use of Weld Overlays to Extend the Useful Life of Seam Welded High Energy Piping in Fossil Power Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Replacement of longitudinally welded reheat and main steam lines is very expensive and can result in extended outages. Inspection and re-inspection of such systems every few years is also expensive and time-consuming. An alternative to continued inspection or system replacement is weld overlay. This report provides the basis for weld overlay of one component, clamshell elbows. Weld overlay of other piping system components will build upon the technology developed in this program.

2001-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

356

Limitations of ad hoc "SKA+VLBI" configurations & the need to extend SKA to trans-continental dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The angular resolution of the proposed Square Kilometre Array, SKA, must be extended towards the milliarcsecond scale if it is to resolve the distant starburst galaxies that are likely to dominate the radio source counts at micro and sub-microJy flux levels. This paper considers the best way of extending SKA's angular resolution towards the milliarcsecond scale. Two possible SKA-VLBI configurations have been investigated and simulated SKA and SKA-VLBI visibility data sets generated. The effects of non-uniform data weighting on the associated images are considered. The results suggest that the preferred option is for SKA to be extended to trans-continental dimensions. By retaining 50% of the array's collecting area within a region no larger than 50 km, the surface brightness sensitivity of the array at arcsec resolution is hardly compromised. In this configuration SKA's capabilities are impressive: in a single 12 hour run, between 100-1000 sources will be simultaneously detected and imaged with arcsecond, sub-arcsecond and milliarcsecond resolution.

M. A. Garrett

1999-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

357

Ion acceleration from thin foil and extended plasma targets by slow electromagnetic wave and related ion-ion beam instability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When ions are accelerated by the radiation pressure of a laser pulse, their velocity cannot exceed the pulse group velocity which can be considerably smaller than the speed of light in vacuum. This is demonstrated in two cases corresponding to a thin foil target irradiated by high intensity laser light and to the hole boring produced in an extended plasma by the laser pulse. It is found that the beams of accelerated ions are unstable against Buneman-like and Weibel-like instabilities which results in the broadening of the ion energy spectrum.

Bulanov, S. V. [QuBS, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Kizugawa, Kyoto, 619-0215 (Japan); A. M. Prokhorov Institute of General Physics RAS, Moscow, 119991 (Russian Federation); Esirkepov, T. Zh.; Kando, M. [QuBS, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Kizugawa, Kyoto, 619-0215 (Japan); Pegoraro, F. [Physical Department, University of Pisa, Pisa 56127 (Italy); Bulanov, S. S. [University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Geddes, C. G. R.; Schroeder, C. B.; Esarey, E. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, 94720 (United States); Leemans, W. P. [University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, 94720 (United States)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

358

Critical behavior of Born-Infeld AdS black holes in the extended phase space thermodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the thermodynamics of $D$-dimensional Born-Infeld AdS black holes in the extended phase space. We find that the usual small-large black hole phase transition, which exhibits analogy with the Van de Waals liquid-gas system holds in all dimensions greater than three. However, different from the four-dimensional case, in the system of higher dimensional Born-Infeld AdS black holes there is no reentrant phase transition. For the three-dimensional Born-Infeld AS black hole, there does not exist critical phenomena.

De-Cheng Zou; Shao-Jun Zhang; Bin Wang

2013-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

359

A First Preliminary Look: Are Corridor Charging Stations Used to Extend the Range of Electric Vehicles in The EV Project?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A preliminary analysis of data from The EV Project was performed to begin answering the question: are corridor charging stations used to extend the range of electric vehicles? Data analyzed were collected from Blink brand electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) units based in California, Washington, and Oregon. Analysis was performed on data logged between October 1, 2012 and January 1, 2013. It should be noted that as additional AC Level 2 EVSE and DC fast chargers are deployed, and as drivers become more familiar with the use of public charging infrastructure, future analysis may have dissimilar conclusions.

John Smart

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Extended Source Gamma-Ray Emission from WIMP Annihilation in the Sagittarius Dwarf Elliptical Galaxy (SULI paper)  

SciTech Connect

The proximity of the dark matter dominated Sagittarius Dwarf Elliptical Galaxy (position (l,b) = 5.6{sup o}, -14{sup o}) allows it to act as an ideal laboratory for the exploration of extended gamma-ray emission from Weakly Interacting Massive Particle (WIMP) annihilation processes in a dark matter-dominated system. Since the matter in our universe is predominantly dark, exploring such processes as WIMP annihilation will lead to a better understanding of cosmology. In order to study this gamma-ray emission, a model for the diffuse background gamma-radiation in the dwarf galaxy's region is extracted from the Energetic Gamma Ray Experiment Telescope (EGRET) data. After validating this model and comparing it to the EGRET diffuse model, the background model is added to effective bleeding-contamination from external point sources and multiple models for the signal-above-background emission. Various models of this emission are tested: (a) no source located in region, (b) unidentified point source 3EG J1847-3219 from the Third EGRET Catalog responsible for the emission and (c) extended emission resulting from WIMP annihilation responsible for the signal above background. These models are created through the employment of Monte Carlo simulation methods, utilizing the response functions of the EGRET instrument to simulate the point spread function, energy dispersion and effects of variable effective area depending on angle of incidence. Energy spectra for point sources are generated from the best predictions of spectral indices listed in the Third EGRET Catalog and the spectrum for the extended dark matter source is generated from Pythia high energy annihilation simulations. Hypothesis testing is conducted to assess the goodness-of-fit of these models to the data taken by EGRET. Additionally, we hope to expand our analysis by employing the response functions of the imminent Gamma Ray Large Area Space Telescope (GLAST) to our models. This extension should highlight the sensitivity disparities between GLAST and EGRET and show GLAST's potential enhancement of this analysis. This process will allow for forecasting of extended WIMP annihilation emission signatures for the GLAST detector.

Vasu-Devan, Vidya; /Columbia U. /SLAC

2006-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour epact05 extended" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Method for extending the useful shelf-life of refrigerated red blood cells by flushing with inert gas  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method using oxygen removal for extending the useful shelf-life of refrigerated red blood cells. A cost-effective, 4.degree. C. storage procedure that preserves red cell quality and prolongs post-transfusion in vivo survival is described. Preservation of adenosine triphosphate levels and reduction in hemolysis and in membrane vesicle production of red blood cells stored at 4.degree. C. for prolonged periods of time is achieved by removing oxygen therefrom at the time of storage; in particular, by flushing with an inert gas. Adenosine triphosphate levels of the stored red blood cells are boosted in some samples by addition of ammonium phosphate.

Bitensky, Mark W. (Los Alamos, NM); Yoshida, Tatsuro (Los Alamos, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Method for extending the useful shelf-life of refrigerated red blood cells by flushing with inert gas  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is disclosed using oxygen removal for extending the useful shelf-life of refrigerated red blood cells. A cost-effective, 4 C storage procedure that preserves red cell quality and prolongs post-transfusion in vivo survival is described. Preservation of adenosine triphosphate levels and reduction in hemolysis and in membrane vesicle production of red blood cells stored at 4 C for prolonged periods of time is achieved by removing oxygen from the red blood cells at the time of storage; in particular, by flushing with an inert gas. Adenosine triphosphate levels of the stored red blood cells are boosted in some samples by addition of ammonium phosphate. 4 figs.

Bitensky, M.W.; Yoshida, Tatsuro

1997-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

363

Final Report for "Extending BOUT++ for Solution of Edge Plasma Equations for Use in Whole Device Simulation of Tokamaks"  

SciTech Connect

In this Phase I project we have extended the BOUT++ code to solve edge fluid equations. We added a simple neutral fluid model, created a mesh generator as well as collected a set of difficult test problems for benchmarking edge codes. The work in this project should be useful as a starting point to build a complete set of edge fluid equations in BOUT++ that would enhance its ability to not only perform edge turbulence calculations, but also allow the coupled transport-turbulence equations evolved in an efficient manner.

Ammar H Hakim

2011-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

364

The extended minimum of solar cycle 23 as seen by radial velocity (GOLF, GONG) and intensity (VIRGO) helioseismic instruments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an analysis of the variability of the solar oscillation spectrum during solar cycle 23 and its extended minimum. We use simultaneous observations of the low-degree solar p modes collected by the space-based, Sun-as-a-star GOLF (radial velocity) and VIRGO (intensity) instruments, and by the ground-based, multi-site network GONG. We investigate in particular the response of the p-mode eigenfrequencies to the observed peculiar deep solar minimum of surface activity of 2007-2009 as compared with the previous solar cycle 23. We study the different temporal variations of the p-mode frequencies with individual angular degrees.

Salabert, D; Palle, P L; Jimenez-Reyes, S J; Jimenez, A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

MASKING VERSUS REMOVING POINT SOURCES IN CMB DATA: THE SOURCE-CORRECTED WMAP POWER SPECTRUM FROM NEW EXTENDED CATALOG  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Scodeller et al., a new and extended point source catalog obtained from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) seven-year data was presented. It includes most of the sources included in the standard WMAP seven-year point source catalogs as well as a large number of new detections. Here, we study the effects on the estimated CMB power spectrum when taking the newly detected point sources into consideration. We create point source masks for all the 2102 sources that we detected as well as a smaller one for the 665 sources detected in the Q, V, and W bands. We also create WMAP7 maps with point sources subtracted in order to compare with the spectrum obtained with source masks. The extended point source masks and point source cleaned WMAP7 maps are made publicly available. Using the proper residual correction, we find that the CMB power spectrum obtained from the point source cleaned map without any source mask is fully consistent with the spectrum obtained from the masked map. We further find that the spectrum obtained masking all 2102 sources is consistent with the results obtained using the standard WMAP seven-year point source mask (KQ85y7). We also verify that the removal of point sources does not introduce any skewness.

Scodeller, Sandro; Hansen, Frode K., E-mail: sandro.scodeller@astro.uio.no, E-mail: frodekh@astro.uio.no [Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1029 Blindern, NO-0315 Oslo (Norway)

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

366

The Extended GMRT Radio Halo Survey I: New upper limits on radio halos and mini-halos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A fraction of galaxy clusters host diffuse radio sources called radio halos, radio relics and mini-halos. We present the sample and first results from the Extended GMRT Radio Halo Survey (EGRHS)- an extension of the GMRT Radio Halo Survey (GRHS, Venturi et al. 2007, 2008). It is a systematic radio survey of galaxy clusters selected from the REFLEX and eBCS X-ray catalogs . Analysis of GMRT data at 610/ 235/ 325 MHz on 12 galaxy clusters are presented. We report the detection of a newly discovered mini-halo in the cluster RXJ1532.9+3021 at 610 MHz. A small scale relic (~200 kpc) is suspected in the cluster Z348. We do not detect cluster-scale diffuse emission in 11 clusters. Robust upper limits on the detection of radio halo of size of 1 Mpc are determined. We also present upper limits on the detections of mini-halos in a sub-sample of cool-core clusters. The upper limits for radio halos and mini-halos are plotted in the radio power- X-ray luminosity plane and the correlations are discussed. Diffuse extended e...

Kale, R; Giacintucci, S; Dallacasa, D; Cassano, R; Brunetti, G; Macario, G; Athreya, R

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Integrable Scalar Cosmologies II. Can they fit into Gauged Extended Supergavity or be encoded in N=1 superpotentials?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The question whether the integrable one-field cosmologies classified in a previous paper by Fre, Sagnotti and Sorin can be embedded as consistent one-field truncations into Extended Gauged Supergravity or in N=1 supergravity gauged by a superpotential without the use of D-terms is addressed in this paper. The answer is that such an embedding is very difficult and rare but not impossible. Indeed we were able to find two examples of integrable models embedded in Supergravity in this way. Both examples are fitted into N=1 Supergravity by means of a very specific and interesting choice of the superpotential W(z). The question whether there are examples of such an embedding in extended Gauged Supergravity remains open. In the present paper, relying on the embedding tensor formalism we classified all gaugings of the N=2 STU model, confirming, in the absence on hypermultiplets, the uniqueness of the stable de Sitter vacuum found several years ago by Fre, Trigiante and Van Proeyen and excluding the embedding of any i...

Fre, P; Trigiante, M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Chandra X-ray Observatory Detection of Extended X-ray Emission from the Planetary Nebula BD+303639  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the detection of well resolved, extended X-ray emission from the young planetary nebula BD+303639 using the Advanced CCD Imaging Spectrometer (ACIS) aboard the Chandra X-ray Observatory. The X-ray emission from BD+303639 appears to lie within, but is concentrated to one side of, the interior of the shell of ionized gas seen in high-resolution optical and IR images. The relatively low X-ray temperature (Tx ~ 3x10^6 K) and asymmetric morphology of the X-ray emission suggests that conduction fronts are present and/or mixing of shock-heated and photoionized gas has occurred and, furthermore, hints at the presence of magnetic fields. The ACIS spectrum suggests that the X-ray emitting region is enriched in the products of helium burning. Our detection of extended X-ray emission from BD+303639 demonstrates the power and utility of Chandra imaging as applied to the study of planetary nebulae.

Kästner, J H; Vrtilek, S D; Dgani, R; Kastner, Joel H.; Soker, Noam; Vrtilek, Saeqa; Dgani, Ruth

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Chandra X-ray Observatory Detection of Extended X-ray Emission from the Planetary Nebula BD+303639  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the detection of well resolved, extended X-ray emission from the young planetary nebula BD+303639 using the Advanced CCD Imaging Spectrometer (ACIS) aboard the Chandra X-ray Observatory. The X-ray emission from BD+303639 appears to lie within, but is concentrated to one side of, the interior of the shell of ionized gas seen in high-resolution optical and IR images. The relatively low X-ray temperature (Tx ~ 3x10^6 K) and asymmetric morphology of the X-ray emission suggests that conduction fronts are present and/or mixing of shock-heated and photoionized gas has occurred and, furthermore, hints at the presence of magnetic fields. The ACIS spectrum suggests that the X-ray emitting region is enriched in the products of helium burning. Our detection of extended X-ray emission from BD+303639 demonstrates the power and utility of Chandra imaging as applied to the study of planetary nebulae.

Joel H. Kastner; Noam Soker; Saeqa Vrtilek; Ruth Dgani

2000-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

370

The Challenges and Opportunities for Extending Plant Genomics to Climate (2013 DOE JGI Genomics of Energy and Environment 8th Annual User Meeting)  

SciTech Connect

David Weston of Oak Ridge National Laboratory on "The challenges and opportunities for extending plant genomics to climate" at the 8th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting on March 27, 2013 in Walnut Creek, Calif.

Weston, David [ORNL

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

The Climatology of the Middle Atmosphere in a Vertically Extended Version of the Met Office’s Climate Model. Part II: Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Stratospheric variability is examined in a vertically extended version of the Met Office global climate model. Equatorial variability includes the simulation of an internally generated quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO) and semiannual oscillation (...

Scott M. Osprey; Lesley J. Gray; Steven C. Hardiman; Neal Butchart; Andrew C. Bushell; Tim J. Hinton

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Development and Deployment of the Extended Reach Sluicing System (ERSS) for Retrieval of Hanford Single Shell Tank Waste - 14206 (DRAFT)  

SciTech Connect

A history of the evolution and the design development of Extended Reach Sluicer System (ERSS) is presented. Several challenges are described that had to be overcome to create a machine that went beyond the capabilities of prior generation sluicers to mobilize waste in Single Shell Tanks for pumping into Double Shell Tank receiver tanks. Off-the-shelf technology and traditional hydraulic fluid power systems were combined with the custom-engineered components to create the additional functionality of the ERSS, while still enabling it to fit within very tight entry envelope into the SST. Problems and challenges inevitably were encountered and overcome in ways that enhance the state of the art of fluid power applications in such constrained environments. Future enhancements to the ERSS design are explored for retrieval of tanks with different dimensions and internal obstacles.

Bauer, Roger E.; Figley, Reed R.; Innes, A. G.

2013-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

373

Integrated Study of MFRSR-derived Parameters of Atmospheric Aerosols and Trace Gases Over the ARM CART Site Extended Facili...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Integrated Study of MFRSR-Derived Parameters of Integrated Study of MFRSR-Derived Parameters of Atmospheric Aerosols and Trace Gases Over the ARM CART Site Extended Facilities - Comparison with Satellite and Other Ground-Based Measurements M. D. Alexandrov and B. Cairns Columbia University National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Institute for Space Studies New York, New York A. A. Lacis and B. E. Carlson National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Institute for Space Studies New York, New York Comparison of SGP MFRSR Network Aerosol Retrievals with MODIS Aerosol Product The network of Multi-filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometers (MFRSRs) at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) site consists of 21 instrument sites

374

Pressure Calculation in Polar and Charged Systems using Ewald Summation Results for the Extended Simple Point Charge Model of Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ewald summation and physically equivalent methods such as particle-mesh Ewald, kubic-harmonic expansions, or Lekner sums are commonly used to calculate long-range electrostatic interactions in computer simulations of polar and charged substances. The calculation of pressures in such systems is investigated. We find that the virial and thermodynamic pressures differ because of the explicit volume dependence of the effective, resummed Ewald potential. The thermodynamic pressure, obtained from the volume derivative of the Helmholtz free energy, can be expressed easily for both ionic and rigid molecular systems. For a system of rigid molecules, the electrostatic energy and the forces at the atom positions are required, both of which are readily available in molecular dynamics codes. We then calculate the virial and thermodynamic pressures for the extended simple point charge (SPC/E) water model at standard conditions. We find that the thermodynamic pressure exhibits considerably less system size dependence than t...

Hummer, G; Neumann, M; Hummer, Gerhard; Gr{ø}nbech-Jensen, Niels; Neumann, Martin

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Pressure Calculation in Polar and Charged Systems using Ewald Summation: Results for the Extended Simple Point Charge Model of Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ewald summation and physically equivalent methods such as particle-mesh Ewald, kubic-harmonic expansions, or Lekner sums are commonly used to calculate long-range electrostatic interactions in computer simulations of polar and charged substances. The calculation of pressures in such systems is investigated. We find that the virial and thermodynamic pressures differ because of the explicit volume dependence of the effective, resummed Ewald potential. The thermodynamic pressure, obtained from the volume derivative of the Helmholtz free energy, can be expressed easily for both ionic and rigid molecular systems. For a system of rigid molecules, the electrostatic energy and the forces at the atom positions are required, both of which are readily available in molecular dynamics codes. We then calculate the virial and thermodynamic pressures for the extended simple point charge (SPC/E) water model at standard conditions. We find that the thermodynamic pressure exhibits considerably...

Gerhard Hummer; Niels Grønbech-Jensen; Martin Neumann

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

The Use of Weld Overlays to Extend the Life of Seam Welded High Energy Piping in Fossil Power Plants: Common PQR and Thinner Piping Evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Replacement of longitudinally welded reheat and main steam lines is very expensive and can result in extended outages. Inspection and re-inspection of such systems every few years is also expensive and time consuming. An alternative to continued inspection or system replacement is weld overlay. Weld overlay of longitudinal seamed clamshell elbows was investigated in "The Use of Weld Overlays to Extend the Useful Life of Seam Welded High Energy Piping in Fossil Power Plants" (EPRI Report No. 1001270, Febr...

2002-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

377

Integrable Scalar Cosmologies II. Can they fit into Gauged Extended Supergavity or be encoded in N=1 superpotentials?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The question whether the integrable one-field cosmologies classified in a previous paper by Fre, Sagnotti and Sorin can be embedded as consistent one-field truncations into Extended Gauged Supergravity or in N=1 supergravity gauged by a superpotential without the use of D-terms is addressed in this paper. The answer is that such an embedding is very difficult and rare but not impossible. Indeed we were able to find two examples of integrable models embedded in Supergravity in this way. Both examples are fitted into N=1 Supergravity by means of a very specific and interesting choice of the superpotential W(z). The question whether there are examples of such an embedding in extended Gauged Supergravity remains open. In the present paper, relying on the embedding tensor formalism we classified all gaugings of the N=2 STU model, confirming, in the absence on hypermultiplets, the uniqueness of the stable de Sitter vacuum found several years ago by Fre, Trigiante and Van Proeyen and excluding the embedding of any integrable cosmological model. A detailed analysis of the space of exact solutions of the first Supergravity embedded integrable cosmological model revealed several new features worth an in depth consideration. When the scalar potential has an extremum at a negative value, the universe necessarily collapses into a Big Crunch notwithstanding its spatial flatness. The causal structure of these universes is quite different from that of the closed, positive curved, universe: indeed in this case the particle and event horizons do not coincide and develop complicated patterns. The cosmological consequences of this unexpected mechanism deserve careful consideration.

P. Fre; A. S. Sorin; M. Trigiante

2013-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

378

New novel cleaning technique for extending mean time between mechanical cleans in a Genus tungsten CVD reactor  

SciTech Connect

During the chemical vapor deposition of blanket tungsten from the reduction of tungsten hexafluoride (WF{sub 6}), metallic parts within the reaction chamber accumulate metallic tungsten, tungsten oxyfluorides, and other related tungsten species. The usual method for removal of the chamber deposits is to open the chamber and perform a labor intensive mechanical clean, which involves the use of hydrogen peroxide (H{sub 2}O{sub 2}) and deionized (DI) water, or an in-situ fluorine-base plasma clean. The authors have investigated the use of repetitive in-situ nitrogen trifluoride (NF{sub 3}) plasma cleans during the course of operating a Genuse 8721 tungsten chemical vapor deposition reactor. The Genuse reactor has been retrofitted with self-ratchetting linear slides, which allow the wafer clamps to be extended into the NF{sub 3} plasma. They have extended the mean time between failures (MTBF) due to the use of 10 minute plasma clean every 75--100 wafers. Deposition for this process is 8,000 angstroms per wafer, using 6 deposition sites. The total tungsten deposition for a 0.5 micron tungsten plug is 4 microns, per a 25 wafer lot. Instead of a total removal of the accumulated tungsten from the chamber hardware, a partial etchback of the deposition from the wafer clamps and wafer chucks was performed. With this, sources for particles and backside deposition were eliminated. They see an increase in wafer-to-wafer uniformity, lot-to-lot repeatability, and particle reduction due to the use of frequent plasma clean. Recovery time after a plasma clean is excellent and no detrimental effects from hydrogen fluoride ``poisoning`` were seen.

Lujan, R.D.; Fleming, J.G.; Baird, J.L.; Gentry, M.S. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Center for Microelectronics Technologies

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

379

sbir program extended  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The sticking points in House-Senate negotiations are whether and by how much to increase the small business set-aside in the research budgets of federal ...

380

HMEC Extended Life Culture  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(last revised January 2003) Procedures Additional Websites of interest for mammary gland biology: Biology of the Mammary Gland provided by the National Institute of Health...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour epact05 extended" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Secure Contexts (Extended Abstract)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Information flow security in a multilevel system aims at guaranteeing that no high level information is revealed to low levels. A usual requirement to ensure information flow security for a process is that no generic attacker can induce a high-to-low information flow. This requirement is too demanding when we have some knowledge about the contexts where the process is going to run. To deal with these situations we introduce the notion of secure contexts for a process. The notion is parametric with respect to both the observational equivalence and the operation used to characterize the low level behavior. In the paper we mainly analyze the cases of bisimulation and trace equivalence. We describe how to build secure contexts in these cases and we show that two well-known security properties, BNDC and NDC, are just special instances of our general notion.

Annalisa Bossi; Damiano Macedonio; Carla Piazza; Sabina Rossi

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Extending quantum operations  

SciTech Connect

For a given set of input-output pairs of quantum states or observables, we ask the question whether there exists a physically implementable transformation that maps each of the inputs to the corresponding output. The physical maps on quantum states are trace-preserving completely positive maps, but we also consider variants of these requirements. We generalize the definition of complete positivity to linear maps defined on arbitrary subspaces, then formulate this notion as a semidefinite program, and relate it by duality to approximative extensions of this map. This gives a characterization of the maps which can be approximated arbitrarily well as the restriction of a map that is completely positive on the whole algebra, also yielding the familiar extension theorems on operator spaces. For quantum channel extensions and extensions by probabilistic operations we obtain semidefinite characterizations, and we also elucidate the special case of Abelian inputs or outputs. Finally, revisiting a theorem by Alberti and Uhlmann, we provide simpler and more widely applicable conditions for certain extension problems on qubits, and by using a semidefinite programming formulation we exhibit counterexamples to seemingly reasonable but false generalizations of the Alberti-Uhlmann theorem.

Heinosaari, Teiko [Turku Centre for Quantum Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Turku (Finland); Jivulescu, Maria A. [Department of Mathematics, University Politehnica Timisoara, 300006 Timisoara (Romania); Reeb, David; Wolf, Michael M. [Department of Mathematics, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, 85748 Garching (Germany)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

383

Extended windmill polynomials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a generalization of a class of characteristic polynomials used for linear feedback shift registers (LFSRs). In previous works, several restrictions have been demonstrated for the windmill polynomials. Most notably, no irreducible windmill ... Keywords: FCSRs, LFSRs, sequences, shift registers, windmill polynomials

Cédric Lauradoux

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Extended Enterprise Integration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the competitive pressures forcing major organisations to co-operate ever more closely in designing, manufacturing and supporting new products and major assets. It explains the resulting business and integration issues and presents ...

J. Gunn

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

A DEEP SEARCH FOR EXTENDED RADIO CONTINUUM EMISSION FROM DWARF SPHEROIDAL GALAXIES: IMPLICATIONS FOR PARTICLE DARK MATTER  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present deep radio observations of four nearby dwarf spheroidal (dSph) galaxies, designed to detect extended synchrotron emission resulting from weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP) dark matter annihilations in their halos. Models by Colafrancesco et al. (CPU07) predict the existence of angularly large, smoothly distributed radio halos in such systems, which stem from electron and positron annihilation products spiraling in a turbulent magnetic field. We map a total of 40.5 deg{sup 2} around the Draco, Ursa Major II, Coma Berenices, and Willman 1 dSphs with the Green Bank Telescope (GBT) at 1.4 GHz to detect this annihilation signature, greatly reducing discrete-source confusion using the NVSS catalog. We achieve a sensitivity of {sigma}{sub sub} {approx}energies from the two-year Fermi Large Area Telescope data. We discuss three avenues for improving the constraints on ({sigma}v){sub {chi}} presented here, and conclude that deep radio observations of dSphs are highly complementary to indirect WIMP searches at higher energies.

Spekkens, Kristine [Department of Physics, Royal Military College of Canada, P.O. Box 17000, Station Forces, Kingston, Ontario K7K 7B4 (Canada); Mason, Brian S. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903-2475 (United States); Aguirre, James E. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, 209 South 33rd Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (United States); Nhan, Bang, E-mail: kristine.spekkens@rmc.ca [Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, 391 UCB, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States)

2013-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

386

Pressure Calculation in Polar and Charged Systems using Ewald Summation: Results for the Extended Simple Point Charge Model of Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ewald summation and physically equivalent methods such as particle-mesh Ewald, kubic-harmonic expansions, or Lekner sums are commonly used to calculate long-range electrostatic interactions in computer simulations of polar and charged substances. The calculation of pressures in such systems is investigated. We find that the virial and thermodynamic pressures differ because of the explicit volume dependence of the effective, resummed Ewald potential. The thermodynamic pressure, obtained from the volume derivative of the Helmholtz free energy, can be expressed easily for both ionic and rigid molecular systems. For a system of rigid molecules, the electrostatic energy and the forces at the atom positions are required, both of which are readily available in molecular dynamics codes. We then calculate the virial and thermodynamic pressures for the extended simple point charge (SPC/E) water model at standard conditions. We find that the thermodynamic pressure exhibits considerably less system size dependence than the virial pressure. From an analysis of the cross correlation between the virial and thermodynamic pressure, we conclude that the thermodynamic pressure should be used to drive volume fluctuations in constant-pressure simulations.

Gerhard Hummer; Niels Grønbech-Jensen; Martin Neumann

1998-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

387

Pressure calculation in polar and charged systems using Ewald summation: Results for the extended simple point charge model of water  

SciTech Connect

Ewald summation and physically equivalent methods such as particle-mesh Ewald, kubic-harmonic expansions, or Lekner sums are commonly used to calculate long-range electrostatic interactions in computer simulations of polar and charged substances. The calculation of pressures in such systems is investigated. We find that the virial and thermodynamic pressures differ because of the explicit volume dependence of the effective, resummed Ewald potential. The thermodynamic pressure, obtained from the volume derivative of the Helmholtz free energy, can be expressed easily for both ionic and rigid molecular systems. For a system of rigid molecules, the electrostatic energy and the forces at the atom positions are required, both of which are readily available in molecular dynamics codes. We then calculate the virial and thermodynamic pressures for the extended simple point charge (SPC/E) water model at standard conditions. We find that the thermodynamic pressure exhibits considerably less system size dependence than the virial pressure. From an analysis of the cross correlation between the virial and thermodynamic pressure, we conclude that the thermodynamic pressure should be used to drive volume fluctuations in constant-pressure simulations. {copyright} {ital 1998 American Institute of Physics.}

Hummer, G.; Gro/nbech-Jensen, N. [Theoretical Division, MS K710, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Neumann, M. [Institut fuer Experimentalphysik, Universitaet Wien, A-1090 Vienna (Austria)] [Institut fuer Experimentalphysik, Universitaet Wien, A-1090 Vienna (Austria)

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

P-V criticality in the extended phase space of Gauss-Bonnet black holes in AdS space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the $P-V$ criticality and phase transition in the extended phase space of charged Gauss-Bonnet black holes in anti-de Sitter space, where the cosmological constant appears as a dynamical pressure of the system and its conjugate quantity is the thermodynamic volume of the black hole. The black holes can have a Ricci flat ($k=0$), spherical ($k=1$), or hyperbolic ($k=-1$) horizon. We find that for the Ricci flat and hyperbolic Gauss-Bonnet black holes, no $P-V$ criticality and phase transition appear, while for the black holes with a spherical horizon, even when the charge of the black hole is absent, the $P-V$ criticality and the small black hole/large black hole phase transition will appear, but it happens only in $d=5$ dimensions; when the charge does not vanish, the $P-V$ criticality and the small black hole/large phase transition always appear in $d=5$ dimensions; in the case of $d\\ge 6$, to have the $P-V$ criticality and the small black hole/large black hole phase transition, there exists an upper bound for the parameter $b=\\widetilde{\\alpha}|Q|^{-2/(d-3)}$, where $\\tilde {\\alpha}$ is the Gauss-Bonnet coefficient and $Q$ is the charge of the black hole. We calculate the critical exponents at the critical point and find that for all cases, they are the same as those in the van der Waals liquid-gas system.

Rong-Gen Cai; Li-Ming Cao; Li Li; Run-Qiu Yang

2013-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

389

Fermi-LAT Discovery of Extended Gamma-Ray Emission in the Direction of Supernova Remnant W51C  

SciTech Connect

The discovery of bright gamma-ray emission coincident with supernova remnant (SNR) W51C is reported using the Large Area Telescope (LAT) onboard the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope. W51C is a middle-aged remnant ({approx}10{sup 4} yr) with intense radio synchrotron emission in its shell and known to be interacting with a molecular cloud. The gamma-ray emission is spatially extended, broadly consistent with the radio and X-ray extent of SNR W51C. The energy spectrum in the 0.2-50 GeV band exhibits steepening toward high energies. The luminosity is greater than 1 x 10{sup 36} erg s{sup -1} given the distance constraint of D > 5.5 kpc, which makes this object one of the most luminous gamma-ray sources in our Galaxy. The observed gamma-rays can be explained reasonably by a combination of efficient acceleration of nuclear cosmic rays at supernova shocks and shock-cloud interactions. The decay of neutral p mesons produced in hadronic collisions provides a plausible explanation for the gamma-ray emission. The product of the average gas density and the total energy content of the accelerated protons amounts to {bar n}{sub H} W{sub p} {approx_equal} 5 x 10{sup 51} (D/6 kpc){sup 2} erg cm{sup -3}. Electron density constraints from the radio and X-ray bands render it difficult to explain the LAT signal as due to inverse Compton scattering. The Fermi LAT source coincident with SNR W51C sheds new light on the origin of Galactic cosmic rays.

Abdo, A.A.; /Naval Research Lab, Wash., D.C. /Federal City Coll.; Ackermann, M.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Ajello, M.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Baldini, L.; /INFN, Pisa; Ballet, J.; /DAPNIA, Saclay; Barbiellini, G.; /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U.; Baring, M.G.; /Rice U.; Bastieri, D.; /INFN, Padua /Padua U.; Baughman, B.M.; /Ohio State U.; Bechtol, K.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Bellazzini, R.; /INFN, Pisa; Berenji, B.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Blandford, R.D.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Bloom, E.D.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Bonamente, E.; /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U.; Borgland, A.W.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Bouvier, A.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Bregeon, J.; /INFN, Pisa; Brez, A.; /INFN, Pisa; Brigida, M.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Bruel, P.; /Ecole Polytechnique /Washington U., Seattle /Padua U. /Bari U. /INFN, Bari /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /IASF, Milan /Milan Polytechnic /DAPNIA, Saclay /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /NASA, Goddard /NASA, Goddard /CSST, Baltimore /Naval Research Lab, Wash., D.C. /George Mason U. /NASA, Goddard /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Montpellier U. /Sonoma State U. /Stockholm U. /Stockholm U., OKC /ASDC, Frascati /Naval Research Lab, Wash., D.C. /INFN, Trieste /Bari U. /INFN, Bari /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /UC, Santa Cruz /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /CENBG, Gradignan /CENBG, Gradignan /Montpellier U. /Bari U. /INFN, Bari /Ecole Polytechnique /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Ecole Polytechnique; /more authors..

2012-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

390

Changing the Hilbert space structure as a consequence of gauge transformations in "extended phase space" version of quantum geometrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the earlier works on quantum geometrodynamics in extended phase space it has been argued that a wave function of the Universe should satisfy a Schrodinger equation. Its form, as well as a measure in Schrodinger scalar product, depends on a gauge condition (a chosen reference frame). It is known that the geometry of an appropriate Hilbert space is determined by introducing the scalar product, so the Hilbert space structure turns out to be in a large degree depending on a chosen gauge condition. In the present work we analyse this issue from the viewpoint of the path integral approach. We consider how the gauge condition changes as a result of gauge transformations. In this respect, three kinds of gauge transformations can be singled out: Firstly, there are residual gauge transformations, which do not change the gauge condition. The second kind is the transformations whose parameters can be related by homotopy. Then the change of gauge condition could be described by smoothly changing function. In particular, in this context time dependent gauges could be discussed. We also suggest that this kind of gauge transformations leads to a smooth changing of solutions to the Schrodinger equation. The third kind of the transformations includes those whose parameters belong to different homotopy classes. They are of the most interest from the viewpoint of changing the Hilbert space structure. In this case the gauge condition and the very form of the Schrodinger equation would change in discrete steps when we pass from a spacetime region with one gauge condition to another region with another gauge condition. In conclusion we discuss the relation between quantum gravity and fundamental problems of ordinary quantum mechanics.

T. P. Shestakova

2005-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

391

Extending Tcl for Dynamic ObjectOriented Programming \\Lambda Proceedings of the Tcl/Tk Workshop 95, Toronto, Ontario, July 1995, modified for OTcl 0.95  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Extending Tcl for Dynamic Object­Oriented Programming \\Lambda Proceedings of the Tcl/Tk Workshop 95 Abstract Object Tcl is an extension to the Tool Command Language (Tcl) for the management of complicated to other object­oriented programming extensions (in­ cluding [incr Tcl]) because it may be used dynam

Wetherall, David

392

A Catalog of Extended Green Objects (EGOs) in the GLIMPSE Survey: A new sample of massive young stellar object outflow candidates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using images from the Spitzer GLIMPSE Legacy survey, we have identified more than 300 extended 4.5 micron sources (abbreviated EGO, Extended Green Object, for the common coding of the [4.5] band as green in 3-color composite IRAC images). We present a catalog of these EGOs, including integrated flux density measurements at 3.6, 4.5, 5.8, 8.0, and 24 microns from the GLIMPSE and MIPSGAL surveys. The average angular separation between a source in our sample and the nearest IRAS point source is >1 arcminute. The majority of EGOs are associated with infrared dark clouds (IRDCs), and where high-resolution 6.7 GHz methanol maser surveys overlap the GLIMPSE coverage, EGOs and 6.7 GHz methanol masers are strongly correlated. Extended 4.5 micron emission is thought to trace shocked molecular gas in protostellar outflows; the association of EGOs with IRDCs and 6.7 GHz methanol masers suggests that extended 4.5 micron emission may pinpoint outflows specifically from massive protostars. The mid-infrared colors of EGOs lie in regions of color-color space occupied by young protostars still embedded in infalling envelopes.

C. J. Cyganowski; B. A. Whitney; E. Holden; E. Braden; C. L. Brogan; E. Churchwell; R. Indebetouw; D. F. Watson; B. L. Babler; R. Benjamin; M. Gomez; M. R. Meade; M. S. Povich; T. P. Robitaille; C. Watson

2008-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

393

Fast track article: Disaggregated water sensing from a single, pressure-based sensor: An extended analysis of HydroSense using staged experiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an extended analysis of our previous work on the HydroSense technology, which is a low-cost and easily installed single-point sensor of pressure for automatically disaggregating water usage activities in the home (Froehlich et al., 2009 [53]). ... Keywords: Activity sensing, H1.2, H5.2, Infrastructure-mediated sensing, Sensors, Water usage

Eric Larson; Jon Froehlich; Tim Campbell; Conor Haggerty; Les Atlas; James Fogarty; Shwetak N. Patel

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Comparative study of a structured neural network and an extended Kalman filter for state of health determination of lithium-ion batteries in hybrid electricvehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

State of health (SOH) determination becomes an increasingly important issue for a safe and reliable operation of lithium-ion batteries in hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). Characteristic performance parameters as capacity and resistance change over lifetime ... Keywords: Extended Kalman filter, Hybrid electric vehicle, Internal resistance estimation, Lithium-ion batteries, State of health, Structured neural networks

D. Andre, A. Nuhic, T. Soczka-Guth, D. U. Sauer

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Geomagnetic field intensity changes in Sweden between 9000 and 450 cal BP: extending the record of barchaeomagnetic jerksQ by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Geomagnetic field intensity changes in Sweden between 9000 and 450 cal BP: extending the record in geomagnetic field intensity occurred at ~8400, ~6400, 3900 and 2800 cal BP. The maximum field intensity at 2800 cal BP was associated with the most rapid change in the direction of the geomagnetic vector. While

Sandgren, Per

396

The worldwide demand for green energy systems is evident. In this context, wind energy converters will play a paramount role. Extending the service life of a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT The worldwide demand for green energy systems is evident. In this context, wind energy converters will play a paramount role. Extending the service life of a wind energy converter translates and operation of the wind energy converters make it beneficial to know the structural condition

Stanford University

397

Physical and Chemical Characteristics of High-Tonnage Sorghum for an Extended Biomass Harvesting Season and Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increasing differences in United States energy consumption and production has influenced the passing of legislation for biomass fuel production. To determine feasibility of energy crops for alternative fuels, research is needed to investigate dry matter yield over an extended harvest season; physical characteristics need to be described for potential harvesting problems; chemical characteristics described to identify selective harvest potential, optimal harvest timing, losses during harvest and storage; various harvest techniques investigated to identify potential cost savings; and impact of various storage techniques on quantity and quality of deliverable biomass. This study investigated the use of two sorghum varieties as a potential bioenergy feedstock where 20 ha were planted for three years. Standing crop samples were collected from August through January to document changes in dry matter yield, moisture, height, fiber content, proximate and ultimate analysis. The sorghum was cut and conditioned – as a two-cutting ratoon or single-cutting – using various mower-conditioners and windrow samples taken daily to determine best method of field drying, quantify dry matter loss and soil entrainment. Two storage methods were utilized – baling with wrapping in a tubeline, and chopping and compressing in bag using a modified cotton module builder – to determine best method of storage for reduced dry matter loss. The optimal time of harvest for maximum dry matter occurred with the November once-cut where 30 Mg ha^-1 was documented, but comparable yields were observed with the two-cutting scenario. Fiber content increased with maturity, peaked, and declined, while ash content and moisture decreased with maturity. The achievement of 55% moisture in January shows field curing to be necessary for transportation at any significant distance, but soil entrainment – as measured by ash concentration – was not found to be a significant problem after conditioning, multiple windrow inversions, and harvesting. The geometric mean length of particle was determined to be 1.4 to 3.7 times lower than nominal chop length, indicating potential cost savings in comminution. Dry matter loss estimates during storage proved difficult due to mobility of moisture throughout the packages, where losses were documented up to 40%. Module packages tended to have lower dry matter and constituent losses than bales.

Hartley, Brandon

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

In Silico Design, Extended Molecular Dynamic Simulations and Binding Energy Calculations for a New Series of Dually Acting Inhibitors against EGFR and HER2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Starting from the lead structure we have identified in our previous works, we are extending our insight understanding of its potential inhibitory effect against both EGFR and HER2 receptors. Herein and using extended molecular dynamic simulations and different scoring techniques, we are providing plausible explanations for the observed inhibitory effect. Also, we are comparing the binding mechanism in addition to the dynamics of binding with two other approved inhibitors against EGFR (Lapatinib) and HER2 (SYR). Based on this information, we are also designing and in silico screening new potential inhibitors sharing the same scaffold of the lead structure. We have chosen the best scoring inhibitor for additional in silico investigation against both the wild-type and T790M mutant strain of EGFR. It seems that certain substitution pattern guarantees the binding to the conserved water molecule commonly observed with kinase crystal structures. Also, the new inhibitors seem to form a stable interaction with the mut...

Ahmed, Marawan; Abouzid, Khaled A; Wang, Feng

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Conditional solvation of isoleucine in model extended and helical peptides: context dependence of hydrophobic hydration and the failure of the group-transfer model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The hydration thermodynamics of the GXG tripeptide relative to the reference GGG defines the \\textit{conditional} hydration contribution of X. This quantity or the hydration thermodynamics of a small molecule analog of the side-chain or some combination of such estimates, have anchored the interpretation of many of the seminal experiments on protein stability and folding and in the genesis of the current views on dominant interactions stabilizing proteins. We show that such procedures to model protein hydration have significant limitations. We study the conditional hydration thermodynamics of the isoleucine side-chain in an extended pentapeptide and in helical deca-peptides, using as appropriate an extended penta-glycine or appropriate helical deca-peptides as reference. Hydration of butane in the gauche conformation provides a small molecule reference for the side-chain. We use the quasichemical theory to parse the hydration thermodynamics into chemical, packing, and long-range interaction contributions. The...

Tomar, Dheeraj; Pettitt, B M; Asthagiri, D

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Hard Extended X-ray Source in the IC 443 SNR Resolved by Chandra: A Fast Ejecta Fragment or a New Pulsar Wind Nebula?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Chandra observation of the isolated hard X-ray source XMMU J061804.3+222732, located in the region of apparent interaction of the supernova remnant IC 443 with a molecular cloud, resolved the complex structure of the source in a few bright clumps embedded in an extended emission of a ~ 30 arcsec size. The X-ray spectra of the clumps and the extended emission are dominated by a hard power-law component with a photon index of 1.2--1.4. In addition, we see some indications of an optically thin thermal plasma of a ~ 0.3 keV temperature. The observed X-ray morphology and spectra are consistent with those expected for an isolated supernova ejecta fragment interacting with a dense ambient medium. A possible alternative interpretation is a pulsar wind nebula associated with either IC 443 or another SNR, G189.6+3.3.

A. M. Bykov; F. Bocchino; G. G. Pavlov

2005-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

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401

Hard Extended X-ray Source in the IC 443 SNR Resolved by Chandra: A Fast Ejecta Fragment or a New Pulsar Wind Nebula?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Chandra observation of the isolated hard X-ray source XMMU J061804.3+222732, located in the region of apparent interaction of the supernova remnant IC 443 with a molecular cloud, resolved the complex structure of the source in a few bright clumps embedded in an extended emission of a ~ 30 arcsec size. The X-ray spectra of the clumps and the extended emission are dominated by a hard power-law component with a photon index of 1.2--1.4. In addition, we see some indications of an optically thin thermal plasma of a ~ 0.3 keV temperature. The observed X-ray morphology and spectra are consistent with those expected for an isolated supernova ejecta fragment interacting with a dense ambient medium. A possible alternative interpretation is a pulsar wind nebula associated with either IC 443 or another SNR, G189.6+3.3.

Bykov, A M; Pavlov, G G

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Computation of the spectrum of spatial Lyapunov exponents for the spatially extended beam-plasma systems and electron-wave devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The spectrum of Lyapunov exponents is powerful tool for the analysis of the complex system dynamics. In the general framework of nonlinear dynamical systems a number of the numerical technics have been developed to obtain the spectrum of Lyapunov exponents for the complex temporal behavior of the systems with a few degree of freedom. Unfortunately, these methods can not apply directly to analysis of complex spatio-temporal dynamics in plasma devices which are characterized by the infinite phase space, since they are the spatially extended active media. In the present paper we propose the method for the calculation of the spectrum of the spatial Lyapunov exponents (SLEs) for the spatially extended beam-plasma systems. The calculation technique is applied to the analysis of chaotic spatio-temporal oscillations in three different beam-plasma model: (1) simple plasma Pierce diode, (2) coupled Pierce diodes, and (3) electron-wave system with backward electromagnetic wave. We find an excellent agreement between the system dynamics and the behavior of the spectrum of the spatial Lyapunov exponents. Along with the proposed method, the possible problems of SLEs calculation are also discussed. It is shown that for the wide class of the spatially extended systems the set of quantities included in the system state for SLEs calculation can be reduced using the appropriate feature of the plasma systems.

Alexander E. Hramov; Alexey A. Koronovskii; Vladimir A. Maximenko; Olga I. Moskalenko

2013-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

403

HEAVY ION FUSION SCIENCE VIRTUALNATIONAL LABORATORY 2nd QUARTER 2009 MILESTONE REPORT: Perform beam and target experiments with a new induction bunching module, extended FEPS plasma, and improved target diagnostic and positioning equipment on NDCX  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

twice the capability (volt-seconds) as our original IBM. Weand use the additional volt-seconds to extend the pulsekV/V. The useful integrated volt-seconds in the main region

Bieniosek, F.M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Scale Up of Extended Thin Film Electrocatalyst Structures (ETFECS) (Fact Sheet), Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technical Highlights (HFCTH), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3796 * January 2012 3796 * January 2012 Scale Up of Extended Thin Film Electrocatalyst Structures (ETFECS) Project: Fuel Cell R&D NREL Team: Hydrogen Technologies & Systems Center and Chemical and Materials Science Center Accomplishment: NREL has synthesized >1 gram of platinum (Pt) ETFECS (nanotubes) for use as novel fuel cell catalysts. These materials represent the cumulative yield of four individual batch syntheses (each >250 milligrams yield). The average relevant physical and electrochemical properties of the four batches (when tested with graphitized carbon nanofibers to aid dispersion) are: * Electrochemically available surface area (ECA) of 47.0 m 2 /g Pt * Specific activity (i s 0.9V(IR free) ) of 820 μA/cm 2 Pt * Mass activity (i

405

Models for aqueous electrolyte mixtures for systems extending from dilute range to the fused salt: Evaluation of parameters to high temperatures and pressures  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Models based on general equations for the excess Gibbs energy of the aqueous fluid provide thermodynamically consistent structures for evaluating and predicting aqueous electrolyte properties. These equations yield other quantities upon appropriate differentiation, including osmotic and activity coefficients, excess enthalpies, heat capacities, and volumes. For this reason a wide array of experimental data are available from which model parameters and their temperature or pressure dependence can be evaluated. For systems of moderate concentration, the most commonly used model at present is the ion-interaction approach and coworkers. For more concentrated solutions, including those extending to the fused salt, an alternate model based on a Margules-expansion and commonly used for nonelectrolytes was proposed. We discuss these two models and give examples of parameter evaluations for some geologically relevant systems to high temperatures and pressures; also we show applications of the models to calculations of solubility equilibria.

Pabalan, R.T.; Pitzer, K.S.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

EXPLORING HALO SUBSTRUCTURE WITH GIANT STARS: SUBSTRUCTURE IN THE LOCAL HALO AS SEEN IN THE GRID GIANT STAR SURVEY INCLUDING EXTENDED TIDAL DEBRIS FROM {omega}CENTAURI  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the latitude-normalized radial velocity (v{sub b} ) distribution of 3318 subsolar metallicity, V {approx}< 13.5 stars from the Grid Giant Star Survey (GGSS) in southern hemisphere fields. The sample includes giants mostly within {approx}5 kpc from the Galactic disks and halo. The nearby halo is found to (1) exhibit significant kinematical substructure, and (2) be prominently represented by several velocity coherent structures, including a very retrograde 'cloud' of stars at l {approx} 285 Degree-Sign and extended, retrograde 'streams' visible as relatively tight l-v{sub b} sequences. One sequence in the fourth Galactic quadrant lies within the l-v{sub b} space expected to contain tidal debris from the 'star cluster' {omega}Centauri. Not only does {omega}Cen lie precisely in this l-v{sub b} sequence, but the positions and v{sub b} of member stars match those of N-body simulations of tidally disrupting dwarf galaxies on orbits ending with {omega}Cen's current position and space motion. But the ultimate proof that we have very likely found extended parts of the {omega}Cen tidal stream comes from echelle spectroscopy of a subsample of the stars that reveals a very particular chemical abundance signature known to occur only in {omega}Cen. The newly discovered {omega}Cen debris accounts for almost all fourth Galactic quadrant retrograde stars in the southern GGSS, which suggests {omega}Cen is a dominant contributor of retrograde giant stars in the inner Galaxy.

Majewski, Steven R.; Nidever, David L.; Damke, Guillermo J.; Patterson, Richard J.; Garcia Perez, Ana E. [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4325 (United States); Smith, Verne V. [National Optical Astronomy Observatories, P.O. Box 26732, Tucson, AZ 85726 (United States); Kunkel, William E. [Las Campanas Observatory, Casilla 601, La Serena (Chile); Bizyaev, Dmitry, E-mail: srm4n@virginia.edu, E-mail: dln5q@virginia.edu, E-mail: gjd3r@virginia.edu, E-mail: ricky@virginia.edu, E-mail: aeg4x@virginia.edu, E-mail: vsmith@noao.edu, E-mail: kunkel@jeito.lco.cl, E-mail: dmbiz@apo.nmsu.edu [Department of Astronomy, New Mexico State University/Apache Point Observatory, Sunspot NM 88349 (United States)

2012-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

407

Column Generation for Extended Formulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 8, 2011 ... a convex combination plus a flow along a undirected cycle in the support graph. Indeed, for any pair of feasible flows, z1 and z2, the difference ...

408

Extended-range tiltable micromirror  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A tiltable micromirror device is disclosed in which a micromirror is suspended by a progressive linkage with an electrostatic actuator (e.g. a vertical comb actuator or a capacitive plate electrostatic actuator) being located beneath the micromirror. The progressive linkage includes a pair of torsion springs which are connected together to operate similar to a four-bar linkage with spring joints. The progressive linkage provides a non-linear spring constant which can allow the micromirror to be tilted at any angle within its range substantially free from any electrostatic instability or hysteretic behavior.

Allen, James J. (Albuquerque, NM); Wiens, Gloria J. (Newberry, FL); Bronson, Jessica R. (Gainesville, FL)

2009-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

409

Automation ensures safety, extends production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reviews some current improvements in offshore platform safety as a result of new regulations. In response to Norwegian Petroleum Directorate regulations limiting personnel on the rig floor, Weatherford Norway has developed a casing modem with remote-controlled power tongs. This paper reviews the various automated systems for handling drill pipes and joints on offshore platforms and how they work.

Perdue, J.M.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Extending Moore's Law: New Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Architectures ? Future devices involve ever increasing and ... 2D slices of 3D As distribution 3D dataset ... Automation for Improved Time to Data 19 0.0 ...

2013-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

411

Supplemental Information EXTENDED EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

expression, the cells were treated with 1-2 mg/ml Doxycycline Hyclate (Sigma-Aldrich) in media. Lentiviral

van Oudenaarden, Alexander

412

Predictability in the Extended Range  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A two-level spherical quasi-geostrophic model is formulated for predictability experiments. The stationary external forcing for this model is calculated from observations. Both barotropic and baroclinic forcings are required in order to achieve a ...

John O. Roads

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Extending Sledgehammer with SMT solvers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sledgehammer is a component of Isabelle/HOL that employs firstorder automatic theorem provers (ATPs) to discharge goals arising in interactive proofs. It heuristically selects relevant facts and, if an ATP is successful, produces a snippet that replays ...

Jasmin Christian Blanchette; Sascha Böhme; Lawrence C. Paulson

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Installing and Extending OOF2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... for(FieldIterator ell=displacement->iterator(); !ell.end(); ++ell) { ... for(FieldIterator ell=oop->iterator(ALL_INDICES); !ell.end(); ++ell) { ...

2013-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

415

THE SLOW DEATH (OR REBIRTH?) OF EXTENDED STAR FORMATION IN z {approx} 0.1 GREEN VALLEY EARLY-TYPE GALAXIES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

UV observations in the local universe have uncovered a population of early-type galaxies with UV flux consistent with low-level recent or ongoing star formation. Understanding the origin of such star formation remains an open issue. We present resolved UV-optical photometry of a sample of 19 Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) early-type galaxies at z {approx} 0.1 drawn from the sample originally selected by Salim and Rich to lie in the bluer part of the green valley in the UV-optical color-magnitude diagram as measured by the Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX). Utilizing high-resolution Hubble Space Telescope (HST) far-UV imaging provides unique insight into the distribution of UV light in these galaxies, which we call ''extended star-forming early-type galaxies'' (ESF-ETGs) because of extended UV emission that is indicative of recent star formation. The UV-optical color profiles of all ESF-ETGs show red centers and blue outer parts. Their outer colors require the existence of a significant underlying population of older stars in the UV-bright regions. An analysis of stacked SDSS spectra reveals weak LINER-like emission in their centers. Using a cross-matched SDSS DR7/GALEX GR6 catalog, we search for other green valley galaxies with similar properties to these ESF-ETGs and estimate that Almost-Equal-To 13% of dust-corrected green valley galaxies of similar stellar mass and UV-optical color are likely ESF-candidates, i.e., ESF-ETGs are not rare. Our results are consistent with star formation that is gradually declining in existing disks, i.e., the ESF-ETGs are evolving onto the red sequence for the first time, or with rejuvenated star formation due to accreted gas in older disks provided that the gas does not disrupt the structure of the galaxy and the resulting star formation is not too recent and bursty. ESF-ETGs may typify an important subpopulation of galaxies that can linger in the green valley for up to several Gyrs, based on their resemblance to nearby gas-rich green valley galaxies with low-level ongoing star formation.

Fang, Jerome J.; Faber, S. M. [UCO/Lick Observatory, Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Salim, Samir [Department of Astronomy, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47404 (United States); Graves, Genevieve J. [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Rich, R. Michael, E-mail: jjfang@ucolick.org [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States)

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

416

GROUP FINDING IN THE STELLAR HALO USING M-GIANTS IN THE TWO MICRON ALL SKY SURVEY: AN EXTENDED VIEW OF THE PISCES OVERDENSITY?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A density-based hierarchical group-finding algorithm is used to identify stellar halo structures in a catalog of M-giants from the Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS). The intrinsic brightness of M-giant stars means that this catalog probes deep into the halo where substructures are expected to be abundant and easy to detect. Our analysis reveals 16 structures at high Galactic latitude (greater than 15{sup 0}), of which 10 have been previously identified. Among the six new structures, two could plausibly be due to masks applied to the data, one is associated with a strong extinction region, and one is probably a part of the Monoceros Ring. Another one originates at low latitudes, suggesting some contamination from disk stars, but also shows protrusions extending to high latitudes, implying that it could be a real feature in the stellar halo. The last remaining structure is free from the defects discussed above and hence is very likely a satellite remnant. Although the extinction in the direction of the structure is very low, the structure does match a low-temperature feature in the dust maps. While this casts some doubt on its origin, the low-temperature feature could plausibly be due to real dust in the structure itself. The angular position and distance of this structure encompass the Pisces overdensity traced by RR Lyraes in Stripe 82 of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). However, the 2MASS M-giants indicate that the structure is much more extended than what is visible with the SDSS, with the point of peak density lying just outside Stripe 82. The morphology of the structure is more like a cloud than a stream and reminiscent of that seen in simulations of satellites disrupting along highly eccentric orbits. This finding is consistent with expectations of structure formation within the currently favored cosmological model: assuming the cosmologically predicted satellite orbit distributions are correct, prior work indicates that such clouds should be the dominant debris structures at large Galactocentric radii ({approx}100 kpc and beyond).

Sharma, Sanjib; Johnston, Kathryn V. [Department of Astronomy, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 (United States); Majewski, Steven R.; Carlberg, Joleen K. [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 (United States); Munoz, Ricardo R. [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 (United States); Bullock, James [Center for Cosmology, Department of Physics and Cosmology, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 (United States)

2010-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

417

The observed ionization rate of the intergalactic medium and the ionizing emissivity at z >5: Evidence for a photon starved and extended epoch of reionization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use a large set of hydrodynamical simulations, combined with measurements of the Lyman alpha opacity of the IGM taken from the literature, to obtain robust estimates for the photoionization rate per hydrogen atom at z=5 and 6. We find the photoionization rate drops by a factor of two and four, respectively, compared to our recent measurements at z = 2 - 4. The number of ionizing photons emitted by known sources at z=5 and 6, based on an extrapolation of source numbers below the detection limit and standard assumptions for the relationship between the ionizing emissivity and observed luminosity density at 1500 Angstroms, are in reasonable agreement with the photoionization rates inferred from the Lyman alpha forest if the escape fraction of ionizing photons from galaxies is large (>= 20 per cent). Claims to the contrary may be attributed to the adoption of an unduly high value for the clumping factor of ionized hydrogen. Using physically motivated assumptions for the mean free path of ionizing photons our measurements of the photoionization rate can be turned into an estimate of the ionizing emissivity. In comoving units the inferred ionizing emissivity is nearly constant over the redshift range 2-6 and corresponds to 1.5-3 photons emitted per hydrogen atom over a time interval corresponding to the age of the Universe at z=6. This strongly suggests that the epoch of reionization was photon-starved and extended. [Abridged

James S. Bolton; Martin G. Haehnelt

2007-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

418

Managing aging effects on dry cask storage systems for extended long-term storage and transportation of used fuel - rev. 0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The cancellation of the Yucca Mountain repository program in the United States raises the prospect of extended long-term storage (i.e., >120 years) and deferred transportation of used fuel at operating and decommissioned nuclear power plant sites. Under U.S. federal regulations contained in Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 72.42, the initial license term for an Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation (ISFSI) must not exceed 40 years from the date of issuance. Licenses may be renewed by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) at the expiration of the license term upon application by the licensee for a period not to exceed 40 years. Application for ISFSI license renewals must include the following: (1) Time-limited aging analyses (TLAAs) that demonstrate that structures, systems, and components (SSCs) important to safety will continue to perform their intended function for the requested period of extended operation; and (2) a description of the aging management program (AMP) for management of issues associated with aging that could adversely affect SSCs important to safety. In addition, the application must also include design bases information as documented in the most recent updated final safety analysis report as required by 10 CFR 72.70. Information contained in previous applications, statements, or reports filed with the Commission under the license may be incorporated by reference provided that those references are clear and specific. The NRC has recently issued the Standard Review Plan (SRP) for renewal of used-fuel dry cask storage system (DCSS) licenses and Certificates of Compliance (CoCs), NUREG-1927, under which NRC may renew a specific license or a CoC for a term not to exceed 40 years. Both the license and the CoC renewal applications must contain revised technical requirements and operating conditions (fuel storage, surveillance and maintenance, and other requirements) for the ISFSI and DCSS that address aging effects that could affect the safe storage of the used fuel. The information contained in the license and CoC renewal applications will require NRC review to verify that the aging effects on the SSCs in DCSSs/ ISFSIs are adequately managed for the period of extended operation. To date, all of the ISFSIs located across the United States with more than 1,500 dry casks loaded with used fuel have initial license terms of 20 years; three ISFSIs (Surry, H.B. Robinson and Oconee) have received their renewed licenses for 20 years, and two other ISFSIs (Calvert Cliffs and Prairie Island) have applied for license renewal for 40 years. This report examines issues related to managing aging effects on the SSCs in DCSSs/ISFSIs for extended long-term storage and transportation of used fuels, following an approach similar to that of the Generic Aging Lessons Learned (GALL) report, NUREG-1801, for the aging management and license renewal of nuclear power plants. The report contains five chapters and an appendix on quality assurance for aging management programs for used-fuel dry storage systems. Chapter I of the report provides an overview of the ISFSI license renewal process based on 10 CFR 72 and the guidance provided in NUREG-1927. Chapter II contains definitions and terms for structures and components in DCSSs, materials, environments, aging effects, and aging mechanisms. Chapter III and Chapter IV contain generic TLAAs and AMPs, respectively, that have been developed for managing aging effects on the SSCs important to safety in the dry cask storage system designs described in Chapter V. The summary descriptions and tabulations of evaluations of AMPs and TLAAs for the SSCs that are important to safety in Chapter V include DCSS designs (i.e., NUHOMS{reg_sign}, HI-STORM 100, Transnuclear (TN) metal cask, NAC International S/T storage cask, ventilated storage cask (VSC-24), and the Westinghouse MC-10 metal dry storage cask) that have been and continue to be used by utilities across the country for dry storage of used fuel to date. The goal of this report is to help establish the technical

Chopra, O.K.; Diercks, D.; Fabian, R.; Ma, D.; Shah, V.; Tam, S.W.; Liu, Y. (Decision and Information Sciences); ( EVS); ( NE)

2012-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

419

Microfracturing in Westerly granite experimentally extended wet and dry at temperatures to 800/degree/C and pressures to 200 MPa  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Microfracturing in Westerly granite specimens, extended wet and dry, at temperatures to 800/degree/C and confining pressures to 200 MPa, is analyzed with a view toward understanding why, in the brittle field, rock strengths decrease with increasing temperature. Intragranular (IGC) and grain-boundary cracks (GBC) are mapped in two dimensions on either side of the tensile macrofracture, using optical microscopy, to determine, quantitatively, crack lengths and densities and, qualitatively, crack widths and orientations are visually examined to aid in interpretation. Temperature and confining pressure tend to favor the development of different microfracture fabrics. Thermal stresses produce a random orientation of cracks while stresses resulting from the external differential loading of a specimen produce a preferred orientation of cracks parallel to the direction of sigma/sub 1/. In dry experiments, between 600/degree/ and 800/degree/C, both GBC and IGC densities increase with increasing temperature. The increase in crack abundance is responsible for the thermal weakening of the rock. With increasing temperature, GBC play a greater role in the deformational history leading to rock failure. 27 refs., 24 figs.

Hopkins, T.W.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Laboratory H2O:CO2 ice desorption data: entrapment dependencies and its parameterization with an extended three-phase model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ice desorption affects the evolution of the gas-phase chemistry during the protostellar stage, and also determines the chemical composition of comets forming in circumstellar disks. From observations, most volatile species are found in H2O-dominated ices. The aim of this study is first to experimentally determine how entrapment of volatiles in H2O ice depends on ice thickness, mixture ratio and heating rate, and second, to introduce an extended three-phase model (gas, ice surface and ice mantle) to describe ice mixture desorption with a minimum number of free parameters. Thermal H2O:CO2 ice desorption is investigated in temperature programmed desorption experiments of thin (10 - 40 ML) ice mixtures under ultra-high vacuum conditions. Desorption is simultaneously monitored by mass spectrometry and reflection-absorption infrared spectroscopy. The H2O:CO2 experiments are complemented with selected H2O:CO, and H2O:CO2:CO experiments. The results are modeled with rate equations that connect the gas, ice surface an...

Fayolle, Edith C; Cuppen, Herma M; Visser, Ruud; Linnartz, Harold; 10.1051/0004-6361/201016121

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour epact05 extended" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Managing aging effects on dry cask storage systems for extended long-term storage and transportation of used fuel - rev. 0  

SciTech Connect

The cancellation of the Yucca Mountain repository program in the United States raises the prospect of extended long-term storage (i.e., >120 years) and deferred transportation of used fuel at operating and decommissioned nuclear power plant sites. Under U.S. federal regulations contained in Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 72.42, the initial license term for an Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation (ISFSI) must not exceed 40 years from the date of issuance. Licenses may be renewed by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) at the expiration of the license term upon application by the licensee for a period not to exceed 40 years. Application for ISFSI license renewals must include the following: (1) Time-limited aging analyses (TLAAs) that demonstrate that structures, systems, and components (SSCs) important to safety will continue to perform their intended function for the requested period of extended operation; and (2) a description of the aging management program (AMP) for management of issues associated with aging that could adversely affect SSCs important to safety. In addition, the application must also include design bases information as documented in the most recent updated final safety analysis report as required by 10 CFR 72.70. Information contained in previous applications, statements, or reports filed with the Commission under the license may be incorporated by reference provided that those references are clear and specific. The NRC has recently issued the Standard Review Plan (SRP) for renewal of used-fuel dry cask storage system (DCSS) licenses and Certificates of Compliance (CoCs), NUREG-1927, under which NRC may renew a specific license or a CoC for a term not to exceed 40 years. Both the license and the CoC renewal applications must contain revised technical requirements and operating conditions (fuel storage, surveillance and maintenance, and other requirements) for the ISFSI and DCSS that address aging effects that could affect the safe storage of the used fuel. The information contained in the license and CoC renewal applications will require NRC review to verify that the aging effects on the SSCs in DCSSs/ ISFSIs are adequately managed for the period of extended operation. To date, all of the ISFSIs located across the United States with more than 1,500 dry casks loaded with used fuel have initial license terms of 20 years; three ISFSIs (Surry, H.B. Robinson and Oconee) have received their renewed licenses for 20 years, and two other ISFSIs (Calvert Cliffs and Prairie Island) have applied for license renewal for 40 years. This report examines issues related to managing aging effects on the SSCs in DCSSs/ISFSIs for extended long-term storage and transportation of used fuels, following an approach similar to that of the Generic Aging Lessons Learned (GALL) report, NUREG-1801, for the aging management and license renewal of nuclear power plants. The report contains five chapters and an appendix on quality assurance for aging management programs for used-fuel dry storage systems. Chapter I of the report provides an overview of the ISFSI license renewal process based on 10 CFR 72 and the guidance provided in NUREG-1927. Chapter II contains definitions and terms for structures and components in DCSSs, materials, environments, aging effects, and aging mechanisms. Chapter III and Chapter IV contain generic TLAAs and AMPs, respectively, that have been developed for managing aging effects on the SSCs important to safety in the dry cask storage system designs described in Chapter V. The summary descriptions and tabulations of evaluations of AMPs and TLAAs for the SSCs that are important to safety in Chapter V include DCSS designs (i.e., NUHOMS{reg_sign}, HI-STORM 100, Transnuclear (TN) metal cask, NAC International S/T storage cask, ventilated storage cask (VSC-24), and the Westinghouse MC-10 metal dry storage cask) that have been and continue to be used by utilities across the country for dry storage of used fuel to date. The goal of this report is to help establish the technical

Chopra, O.K.; Diercks, D.; Fabian, R.; Ma, D.; Shah, V.; Tam, S.W.; Liu, Y. (Decision and Information Sciences); ( EVS); ( NE)

2012-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

422

The potential for extending the spectral range accessible to the european X-ray free electron laser in the direction of longer wavelengths  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The baseline specifications of European XFEL give a range of wavelengths between 0.1 nm and 2 nm. This wavelength range at fixed electron beam energy 17.5 GeV can be covered by operating the SASE FEL with three undulators which have different period and tunable gap. A study of the potential for the extending the spectral range accessible to the XFEL in the direction of longer wavelengths is presented. The extension of the wavelength range to 6 nm would be cover the water window in the VUV region, opening the facility to a new class of experiments. There are at least two possible sources of VUV radiation associated with the X-ray FEL; the "low (2.5 GeV) energy electron beam dedicated" and the " 17.5 GeV spent beam parasitic" (or "after-burner") source modes. The second alternative, "after-burner undulator" is the one we regard as most favorable. It is possible to place an undulator as long as 80 meters after 2 nm undulator. Ultimately, VUV undulator would be able to deliver output power approaching 100 GW. A b...

Saldin, E L; Yurkov, M V

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Comparative Study of Selected Wave Function and Density Functional Methods for Noncovalent Interaction Energy Calculations Using the Extended S22 Data Set  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, an extension of the S22 data set of Jurecka et al. (Jure?ka, P.; Šponer, J.; ?erný, J.; Hobza, P. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2006, 8, 1985.), the data set of benchmark CCSD(T)/CBS interaction energies of twenty-two noncovalent complexes in equilibrium geometries, is presented. The S22 data set has been extended by including the stretched (one shortened and three elongated) complex geometries of the S22 data set along the main noncovalent interaction coordinate. The goal of this work is to assess the accuracy of the popular wave function methods (MP2-, MP3- and, CCSD-based) and density functional methods (with and without empirical correction for the dispersion energy) for noncovalent complexes based on a statistical evaluation not only in equilibrium, but also in nonequilibrium geometries. The results obtained in this work provide information on whether an accurate and balanced description of the different interaction types and complex geometry distortions can be expected from the tested methods. This information has an important implication in the calculation of large molecular complexes, where the number of distant interacting molecular fragments, often in far from equilibrium geometries, increases rapidly with the system size. The best performing WFT methods were found to be the SCS-CCSD (spin-component scaled CCSD, according to Takatani, T.; Hohenstein, E. G.; Sherrill, C. D. J. Chem. Phys. 2008, 128, 124111), MP2C (dispersion-corrected MP2, according to Hesselmann, A. J. Chem. Phys. 2008, 128, 144112), and MP2.5 (scaled MP3, according to Pito?ák, M.; Neogrády, P.; ?erný, J.; Grimme, S.; Hobza, P. ChemPhysChem 2009, 10, 282.). Since none of the DFT methods fulfilled the required statistical criteria proposed in this work, they cannot be generally recommended for large-scale calculations. The DFT methods still have the potential to deliver accurate results for large molecules, but most likely on the basis of an error cancellation.

Grafova, Lucie; Pitonak, Michal; Rezac, Jan; Hobza, Pavel

2010-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

424

Extended analysis of constant-height hydraulic fractures for the estimation of in-situ crack-opening modulus from bottomhole pressure records  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hydraulic fractures created in oil and gas bearing rock formations can be made to propagate for a limited time at approximately constant height if favorable stress, deformation modulus or fracture toughness barriers to height growth exist and if the fracture design is suitably optimized to exploit these favorable conditions and reduce height growth. In this report, a unified theoretical formulation for the Perkins-Kern-Nordgren (PKN) and Christianovitch-Geertsma-De Klerk-Daneshy (CGDD) constant height fracture models is first presented. For a fracture fluid injection rate that varies as an arbitrary power of time, growth laws for fracturing fluid pressure, fracture width, and flow rate are rigorously derived for PKN and CGDD types of fractures. These similarity solutions account for non-Newtonian power-law fluid flow, transient fluid storage and generalized power-law fluid leak-off to the rock formation. They include and extend the results currently available in the literature for PKN and CGDD fractures. The results for PKN and CGDD fractures are then generalized to obtain an approximate hybrid CGDD-PKN fracture model that can be applied to constant height fractures of arbitrary length/height aspect ratio and arbitrary cross-sectional shape. Characteristic times for fracture extension are identified and estimates are given for the transition times when the fracture evolves from a CGDD-type fracture at small aspect ratio to a PKN-type fracture at large aspect ratio. These results are useful for interpreting fracturing data and for designing fractures for crack-opening modulus measurements.

Wijesinghe, A.M.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

THE TAIWAN ECDFS NEAR-INFRARED SURVEY: ULTRA-DEEP J AND K{sub S} IMAGING IN THE EXTENDED CHANDRA DEEP FIELD-SOUTH  

SciTech Connect

We present ultra-deep J and K{sub S} imaging observations covering a 30' Multiplication-Sign 30' area of the Extended Chandra Deep Field-South (ECDFS) carried out by our Taiwan ECDFS Near-Infrared Survey (TENIS). The median 5{sigma} limiting magnitudes for all detected objects in the ECDFS reach 24.5 and 23.9 mag (AB) for J and K{sub S} , respectively. In the inner 400 arcmin{sup 2} region where the sensitivity is more uniform, objects as faint as 25.6 and 25.0 mag are detected at 5{sigma}. Thus, this is by far the deepest J and K{sub S} data sets available for the ECDFS. To combine TENIS with the Spitzer IRAC data for obtaining better spectral energy distributions of high-redshift objects, we developed a novel deconvolution technique (IRACLEAN) to accurately estimate the IRAC fluxes. IRACLEAN can minimize the effect of blending in the IRAC images caused by the large point-spread functions and reduce the confusion noise. We applied IRACLEAN to the images from the Spitzer IRAC/MUSYC Public Legacy in the ECDFS survey (SIMPLE) and generated a J+K{sub S} -selected multi-wavelength catalog including the photometry of both the TENIS near-infrared and the SIMPLE IRAC data. We publicly release the data products derived from this work, including the J and K{sub S} images and the J+K{sub S} -selected multi-wavelength catalog.

Hsieh, Bau-Ching; Wang, Wei-Hao; Hsieh, Chih-Chiang; Lin, Lihwai; Lim, Jeremy; Ho, Paul T. P. [Institute of Astrophysics and Astronomy, Academia Sinica, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China); Yan Haojing [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211 (United States)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

426

Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Dynamic-Tracking Directional Wireless Antennas for Low Powered Applications that Require Reliable Extended Range Operations in Time Critical Scenarios  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The proven value of DOD Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) will ultimately transition to National and Homeland Security missions that require real-time aerial surveillance, situation awareness, force protection, and sensor placement. Public services first responders who routinely risk personal safety to assess and report a situation for emergency actions will likely be the first to benefit from these new unmanned technologies. ‘Packable’ or ‘Portable’ small class UAVs will be particularly useful to the first responder. They require the least amount of training, no fixed infrastructure, and are capable of being launched and recovered from the point of emergency. All UAVs require wireless communication technologies for real- time applications. Typically on a small UAV, a low bandwidth telemetry link is required for command and control (C2), and systems health monitoring. If the UAV is equipped with a real-time Electro-Optical or Infrared (EO/Ir) video camera payload, a dedicated high bandwidth analog/digital link is usually required for reliable high-resolution imagery. In most cases, both the wireless telemetry and real-time video links will be integrated into the UAV with unity gain omni-directional antennas. With limited on-board power and payload capacity, a small UAV will be limited with the amount of radio-frequency (RF) energy it transmits to the users. Therefore, ‘packable’ and ‘portable’ UAVs will have limited useful operational ranges for first responders. This paper will discuss the limitations of small UAV wireless communications. The discussion will present an approach of utilizing a dynamic ground based real-time tracking high gain directional antenna to provide extend range stand-off operation, potential RF channel reuse, and assured telemetry and data communications from low-powered UAV deployed wireless assets.

Scott G. Bauer; Matthew O. Anderson; James R. Hanneman

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

A Radiation-Hard Dual Channel 4-bit Pipeline for a 12-bit 40 MS/s ADC Prototype with extended Dynamic Range for the ATLAS Liquid Argon Calorimeter Readout Electronics Upgrade at the CERN LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The design of a radiation-hard dual channel 12-bit 40 MS/s pipeline ADC with extended dynamic range is presented, for use in the readout electronics upgrade for the ATLAS Liquid Argon Calorimeters at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The design consists of two pipeline A/D channels with four Multiplying Digital-to-Analog Converters with nominal 12-bit resolution each. The design, fabricated in the IBM 130 nm CMOS process, shows a performance of 68 dB SNDR at 18 MHz for a single channel at 40 MS/s while consuming 55 mW/channel from a 2.5 V supply, and exhibits no performance degradation after irradiation. Various gain selection algorithms to achieve the extended dynamic range are implemented and tested.

Kuppambatti, Jayanth; Andeen, Timothy; Kinget, Peter; Brooijmans, Gustaaf

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

A Radiation-Hard Dual Channel 4-bit Pipeline for a 12-bit 40 MS/s ADC Prototype with extended Dynamic Range for the ATLAS Liquid Argon Calorimeter Readout Electronics Upgrade at the CERN LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The design of a radiation-hard dual channel 12-bit 40 MS/s pipeline ADC with extended dynamic range is presented, for use in the readout electronics upgrade for the ATLAS Liquid Argon Calorimeters at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The design consists of two pipeline A/D channels with four Multiplying Digital-to-Analog Converters with nominal 12-bit resolution each. The design, fabricated in the IBM 130 nm CMOS process, shows a performance of 68 dB SNDR at 18 MHz for a single channel at 40 MS/s while consuming 55 mW/channel from a 2.5 V supply, and exhibits no performance degradation after irradiation. Various gain selection algorithms to achieve the extended dynamic range are implemented and tested.

Jayanth Kuppambatti; Jaroslav Ban; Timothy Andeen; Peter Kinget; Gustaaf Brooijmans

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

429
430

Pilot Application of Risk Informed Safety Margins to Support Nuclear Plant Long-Term Operation Decisions: Impacts on Safety Margins of Extended Power Uprates for BWR Station Blackout Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The risk-informed safety margin characterization (RISMC) framework is a technically robust approach that could be used to analyze nuclear power plant (NPP) safety margins for issues of significance to NPP safety. This report describes application of the RISMC framework to analysis of the impacts of an extended power uprate (EPU) to a boiling water reactor (BWR) station blackout (SBO) event, with emphasis on changes in safety margins due to elevated power levels. The analysis focused on probabilistic ...

2013-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

431

World Net Electricity Consumption, by Region, 1990-2020  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Electricity consumption worldwide increases by 76 percent in the reference case, from 12 trillion kilowatthours in 1997 to 22 trillion kilowatthours in 2020.

432

Microsoft Word - AL2006-02.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 Acquisition Regulation and Financial Assistance Regulation FAL-2006-01 Date 12/02/05 ACQUISITION LETTER/ FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE LETTER This joint Acquisition Letter/Financial Assistance Letter is issued under the authority of the DOE and NNSA Procurement Executives. Subject: Section 988 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct 05), Cost Sharing References: Pub. L. 109-58 Energy Policy Act of 2005 10 CFR Part 600 Financial Assistance Rules FAR Part 35 Research and Development Contracting When is this Acquisition Letter (AL)/Financial Assistance Letter (FAL) Effective? This joint AL/FAL is effective immediately for all research, development, demonstration or commercial

433

International Energy Statistics - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Total Renewable Electricity Net Generation (Billion Kilowatthours) Loading... Units Conversion Download Excel: 2008 2009 2010 ...

434

International Energy Statistics - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Electricity Prices ; Petroleum Prices ; Natural Gas Prices ; Heat Content; Country; ... Electricity Distribution Losses (Billion Kilowatthours)

435

International Energy Statistics - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Unit: Wind Electricity Net Generation (Billion Kilowatthours) Loading... Units Conversion Download Excel: 2007 ...

436

International Energy Statistics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Unit: Hydroelectricity Net Generation (Billion Kilowatthours) Loading... Units Conversion Download Excel: 2005 ...

437

International Energy Statistics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Unit: Wind Electricity Net Consumption (Billion Kilowatthours) Loading... Units Conversion Download Excel: We have ...

438

International Energy Statistics - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Unit: Total Renewable Electricity Net Generation (Billion Kilowatthours) Loading... Units Conversion Download Excel: 2008 ...

439

International Energy Statistics - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Nuclear Electricity Net Generation (Billion Kilowatthours) Loading... Units Conversion Download Excel: 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 ...

440

Reactivity of Transition Metals (Pd, Pt, Cu, Ag, Au) toward Molecular Hydrogen Dissociation: Extended Surfaces versus Particles Supported on TiC(001) or Small Is Not Always Better and Large Is Not Always Bad  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The reactivity of Pd{sub 4}, Pt{sub 4}, Cu{sub 4}, Ag{sub 4}, and Au{sub 4} clusters supported on TiC(001) toward molecular hydrogen dissociation has been studied by means of density functional based theory and periodic models and compared to that of the (111) and (001) surfaces. Pd{sub 4} and Pt{sub 4} interact rather strongly with the TiC(001) substrate, but the interaction of molecular hydrogen with the Pd{sub 4}/TiC and Pt{sub 4}/TiC systems is also very strong. As a consequence of the substantial admetal {leftrightarrow} carbide interactions, the adsorbed H{sub 2} molecule becomes more difficult to dissociate than on the corresponding extended (111) and (001) surfaces. Here, having a small supported particle does not lead to an enhanced chemical activity. On the contrary, for the Cu{sub 4}/TiC, Ag{sub 4}/TiC, and Au{sub 4}/TiC systems the combination of the small size of the particle and the polarization induced by the underlying carbide facilitates the dissociation of the hydrogen molecule with respect to the case of the extended surfaces. Here, the reduced size effectively enhances the activity of the supported particle. Thus, our results for the M(111), M(100), and M{sub 4}/TiC(001) systems show the complex interplay that can take place among the nature of the admetal, particle size effects, and support interactions.

Rodriguez, J.A.; Gomez, T.; Florez, E.; Illas, F.

2011-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kilowatthour epact05 extended" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Reactivity of Transition Metals (Pd Pt Cu Ag Au) toward Molecular Hydrogen Dissociation: Extended Surfaces versus Particles Supported on TiC(001) or Small Is Not Always Better and Large Is Not Always Bad  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The reactivity of Pd{sub 4}, Pt{sub 4}, Cu{sub 4}, Ag{sub 4}, and Au{sub 4} clusters supported on TiC(001) toward molecular hydrogen dissociation has been studied by means of density functional based theory and periodic models and compared to that of the (111) and (001) surfaces. Pd{sub 4} and Pt{sub 4} interact rather strongly with the TiC(001) substrate, but the interaction of molecular hydrogen with the Pd{sub 4}/TiC and Pt{sub 4}/TiC systems is also very strong. As a consequence of the substantial admetal {leftrightarrow} carbide interactions, the adsorbed H{sub 2} molecule becomes more difficult to dissociate than on the corresponding extended (111) and (001) surfaces. Here, having a small supported particle does not lead to an enhanced chemical activity. On the contrary, for the Cu{sub 4}/TiC, Ag{sub 4}/TiC, and Au{sub 4}/TiC systems the combination of the small size of the particle and the polarization induced by the underlying carbide facilitates the dissociation of the hydrogen molecule with respect to the case of the extended surfaces. Here, the reduced size effectively enhances the activity of the supported particle. Thus, our results for the M(111), M(100), and M{sub 4}/TiC(001) systems show the complex interplay that can take place among the nature of the admetal, particle size effects, and support interactions.

Rodriguez J. A.; Gomez T.; Florez E.; Illas F.

2011-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

442

NIST: Special Publication 811 (Extended Contents)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 7.10.1 Decimal multiples and submultiples of the unit one. 7.10.2 %, percentage by, fraction. 7.10.3 ppm, ppb, and ppt. 7.10.4 Roman numerals. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

443

Direct Semantics of Extended State Machines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we present semantic profiles for UML 2 state machines, which are based directly upon the structure of a state machine model, without requiring flattening or other transformations on these models. The approach addresses many of the semantic problems identified for state machines, and provides a basis for semantic analysis and proof of behavioural compatibility between state machines. 1

K. Lano; D. Clark

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Romney Institute Extended Board Directory | 2013  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

located near the Hanford Nuclear Reservation in Southeastern Washington State. Working most of his career Moore, Bryan MPA 2009 38 Morgan, Heather MPA 2010 39 Murphy, Michael MPA 1986 15 Nichol, Kevin P. EMPA year BYU student from Washington, D. C. They were married in June 1961. They celebrated their 50th

Martinez, Tony R.

445

EXTENDED STUDIES AND DISTANCE LEARNING CATALOG20092010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/AE).............................................79 Master of Science in Computer Information Systems (MS/SWE)............................................................ 101 Master of Science in Space Systems (MS/SPC).....102 Master of Science in Space Systems Management (MS/SSM)............................................................103 Master of Science in Systems

Wood, Stephen L.

446

Extended nuclear plant outages raise Southern California ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Although SoCal Citygate spot natural gas prices have increased slightly ... higher wholesale power prices in Southern California more likely are attributable to ...

447

Extended Air Showers and Muon Interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this work is to report on the influence of muon interactions on the development of air showers initiated by astroparticles. We make a comparative study of the different theoretical approaches to muon bremsstrahlung and muonic pair production interactions. A detailed algorithm that includes all the relevant characteristics of such processes has been implemented in the AIRES air shower simulation system. We have simulated ultra high energy showers in different conditions in order to measure the influence of these muonic electromagnetic interactions. We have found that during the late stages of the shower development (well beyond the shower maximum) many global observables are significantly modified in relative terms when the mentioned interactions are taken into account. This is most evident in the case of the electromagnetic component of very inclined showers. On the other hand, our simulations indicate that the studied processes do not induce significant changes either in the position of the shower maximum or the structure of the shower front surface.

A. N. Cillis; S. J. Sciutto

2000-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

448

Graph sketcher: extending illustration to quantitative graphs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scientists, engineers, and educators commonly need to make graphs that quickly illustrate quantitative ideas yet are not based on specific data sets. We call these graphs quantitative concept diagrams (QCDs). Existing charting and illustration programs ... Keywords: charting, constraint-based layout, illustration, information visualization, planar map coloring, quantitative concept diagrams, snap-dragging

Robin Stewart; m.c. schraefel

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Dual extragradient algorithms extended to equilibrium problems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose two iterative schemes for solving equilibrium problems which are called dual extragradient algorithms. In contrast with the primal extragradient methods in Quoc et al. (Optimization 57(6):749---776, 2008) which require ... Keywords: Complexity, Dual extragradient algorithm, Equilibrium problem, Gap function, Nash-Cournot equilibria

Tran D. Quoc; Pham N. Anh; Le D. Muu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Exclusive Signals of an Extended Higgs Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Expectations for the magnitude of Higgs boson signals in standard Higgs search channels at the LHC relative to Standard Model (SM) expectations are investigated within the framework of various types of CP and flavor conserving two Higgs doublet models (2HDMs). Signals of the SM-like Higgs boson in different classes of 2HDM may be parameterized in terms of particular two-dimensional sub-spaces of the general four-dimensional space of Higgs couplings to the massive vector bosons, top quark, bottom quark, and tau lepton. We find fairly strong correlations among the inclusive di-photon channel and the exclusive di-photon and di-tau channels from vector boson fusion or associated production. Order one deviations from SM expectations in some of these channels could provide discriminating power among various types of 2HDMs. The ratio of exclusive di-photon to di-tau channels is particularly sensitive to deviations from SM expectations. We also emphasize that deviations from SM expectations in standard Higgs search c...

Craig, Nathaniel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

EXTENDED FORMULATIONS FOR PACKING AND PARTITIONING ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Michele Conforti, Marco Di Summa, Friedrich Eisenbrand, and Laurence A. Wolsey, Net- work formulations of mixed integer programs, CORE Discussion Paper ...

452

Extending algebraic modelling languages for Stochastic Programming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

production costs, transportation costs, inventory costs for the next month with certainty. For simplicity it is assumed that all costs, production and inventory ...

453

Extending the Scope of Robust Optimization:  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technology, Technion city, Haifa 32000, Israel. Boyd, Stephen, ..... of the nodes such as domestic communications in various countries, com- munications ...

454

Extended tax credits could raise projected renewable ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Short-Term Energy Outlook › Annual Energy Outlook › Energy Disruptions › International ... versions of the PTC that a qualifying wind project be in ...

455

Fair Model Checking of Abstractions (Extended Abstract)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The abstract transitions (dashed and fat arrows) are explained further on. A transition system models of a model by ignoring certain static aspects. Such a reduction is usually necessary to render model checking

Dams, Dennis

456

Extending gibson's attacks on the GPT cryptosystem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we look at the Gabidulin version of the McEliece cryptosystem (GPT). In order to avoid Gibson's attacks on GPT, several variants have been proposed. We cryptanalyze the variant with column scrambler and the one using reducible rank ...

Raphael Overbeck

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

The extended family of hexagonal molybdenum oxide  

SciTech Connect

Over the last 40 years, a large number of isostructural compounds in the system MoO{sub 3}-NH{sub 3}-H{sub 2}O have been published. The reported molecular formulae of 'hexagonal molybdenum oxide' (HEMO) varied from MoO{sub 3}, MoO{sub 3} {center_dot} 0.33NH{sub 3}, MoO{sub 3} {center_dot} nH{sub 2}O (0.09 {le} n {le} 0.69) to MoO{sub 3} {center_dot} mNH{sub 3} {center_dot} nH{sub 2}O (0.09 {le} m {le} 0.20; 0.18 {le} n {le} 0.60). Samples, prepared by the acidification route, were investigated using thermal analysis coupled on-line to a mass spectrometer for evolved gas analysis; X-ray powder diffraction; Fourier Transform Infrared, Raman and Magic-Angle-Spinning {sup 1}H-NMR spectroscopy; Incoherent Inelastic Neutron Scattering. The X-ray study of a selected monocrystal confirmed the presence of the well-known framework of edge-sharing MoO{sub 6} octahedra: Space group P6{sub 3}/m, a = 10.527(1), c =3.7245(7) {angstrom}, {gamma} = 120{sup o}. The structure of the synthesized samples can best be described by the structural formula (NH{sub 4})[Mo{sub x}{open_square}{sub 1/2+p/2}(O{sub 3x + 1/2-p/2})(OH){sub p}] {center_dot} yH{sub 2}O (x 5.9-7.1; p {approx} 0.1; y = 1.2-2.6), which is consistent with the existence of one vacancy for 12-15 molybdenum sites. The 'chimie douce' reaction of MoO{sub 3} {center_dot} 0.155NH{sub 3} {center_dot} 0.440H{sub 2}O with a 1:1 mixture of NO/NO{sub 2} at 100 C resulted in the synthesis of MoO{sub 3} {center_dot} 0.539H{sub 2}O. Tailored nano-sized molybdenum powders can be produced using HEMO as precursor.

Hartl, Monika [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Daemen, Luke [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lunk, J H [NON LANL; Hartl, H [NON LANL; Frisk, A T [NON LANL; Shendervich, I [NON LANL; Mauder, D [NON LANL; Feist, M [NON LANL; Eckelt, R [NON LANL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Developing and Extending a Cyberinfrastructure Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is composed of high performance computing systems, massivelandscape of high performance computing presents a similarincrease in high performance computing and high performance

Alvarez, Rosio

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Extending Behavior Protocols With Data and Multisynchronization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a program piece, in particular a component, often depends on data values. Therefore, to model the behaviorCallback.IpAddressInvalidated 2 ) + NULL ) ) } ) 15 #12;) | ?IManagement.UsePermanentIpDatabase^ ); !IManagement; ( ( !IIpMacTransientDb.Remove 2; !IDhcpCallback.IpAddressInvalidated 2 ) + NULL ) ) } ) ) | ?IManagement

460

Extended tax credits could raise projected renewable ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Includes hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal, biomass and ethanol. Nuclear & Uranium. Uranium fuel, nuclear reactors, generation, spent fuel. ...

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461

ARM - Instructions for Submitting Extended Abstracts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

version, please provide BOTH a printed copy and an electronic submission of text, graphics and equations. Also, include names, affiliations and locations of all authors....

462

Extending knowledge management to mobile workplaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Knowledge and Knowledge Management (KM) are evolving into an increasingly eminent source of competitive advantage. However, for the time being, the potential of KM is usually limited to stationary workplaces. This excludes a multiplicity of mobile workers, ... Keywords: knowledge management, mobile added values, mobile business processes, mobile commerce, mobile knowledge management

Volker Derballa; Key Pousttchi

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Extending Globus to support Multicast Transmission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.escience.cam.ac.uk Cardiff agents-comsc.grid.cf.ac.uk Daresbury gridmon.dl.ac.uk Glasgow cordelia.nesc.gla.ac.uk Imperial mariner.lesc.doc.ic.ac.uk Manchester vermont.mvc.mcc.ac.uk Newcastle ramshope.ncl.ac.uk Oxford esci1.oucs.ox.ac.uk Rutherford gridmon...

Jeacle, Karl; Crowcroft, Jon

2008-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

464

Extended finite state models of language  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In spite of the wide availability of more powerful (context free, mildly context sensitive, and even Turing-equivalent) formalisms, the bulk of the applied work on language and sublanguage modeling, especially for the purposes of recognition and topic ...

András Kornai

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

sf state extended learning spring 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

holders. The Autodesk® Training Center is an educational program managed by Autodesk, Inc. Although each provides comprehensive design, analysis, and documentation solutions that help teams boost productivity | Powell St. BART/Muni | www.cel.sfsu.edu | 415-405-7700 Authorized Training Center/Certification Center

466

EXTENDED DISCHARGE TESTING WITH FE-25  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the overall length of the boat, as shown ... engine room compartments on recreational boats/pleasure craft ... was equipped with twin CAT diesel engines ...

2011-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

467

Cuts over Extended Formulations by Flow Discretization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The large gains in terms of bound quality are almost for free. ..... at least k(S) + 1 subtrees must enter S. Other families of valid inequalities that can. 10 ...... hybrid local search for the multi-level capacitated minimum spanning tree problem.

468

Extending ACID semantics to the file system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An organization's data is often its most valuable asset, but today's file systems provide few facilities to ensure its safety. Databases, on the other hand, have long provided transactions. Transactions are useful because they provide atomicity, consistency, ... Keywords: File system transactions, databases, file systems, ptrace monitors, recoverable memory

Charles P. Wright; Richard Spillane; Gopalan Sivathanu; Erez Zadok

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Extended Linear Formulation for Binary Quadratic Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

two orders of magnitude and on average one order of magnitude. Similarly, if we consider ratios between the open gaps, we have an average ratio of around.

470

Machine learning in space: extending our reach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce the challenge of using machine learning effectively in space applications and motivate the domain for future researchers. Machine learning can be used to enable greater autonomy to improve the duration, reliability, cost-effectiveness, and ... Keywords: Autonomy, Machine learning applications, Space missions

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