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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kg kilogram km" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Prototype Kilogram 20, replica  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... kilogramme des Archives, was selected as the International Prototype Kilogram, and is now maintained at BIPM. National Prototype Kilograms No. ...

2

Kilogram prototype in Paris  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Unit of mass (kilogram). This international prototype, made ... 1st CGPM in 1889. Photograph courtesy of BIPM. Return to kilogram.

3

Kilogram/Liter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kilogram/Liter. ca. 1905 NIST Museum Collection. The kilogram/liter was a hollow gold-plated brass sphere having a mass ...

4

Redefinition of the Kilogram  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Redefinition of the Kilogram. Summary: ... US National Prototype Kilogram. It is made of 90% platinum, 10% iridium. Start Date: February 1, 2008. ...

2012-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

5

Base unit definitions: Kilogram  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Unit of mass (kilogram), Abbreviations: CGPM, CIPM, BIPM. At the end of the 18th century, a kilogram was the mass of a cubic decimeter of water. ...

6

Replace Kilogram Standard? NIST Weighs Options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Replace Kilogram Standard? ... For some time, scientists have considered replacing the kilogram mass standard with a natural constant. ...

7

Disseminating the Kilogram, No Strings Attached  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Disseminating the Kilogram, No Strings Attached. August 24, 2012. ... The impending redefinition of the kilogram presents a weighty dilemma. ...

2013-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

8

The New Kilogram Definition and its Implications for High ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 353 The New Kilogram Definition and its ... Key words: kilogram redefinition; mass dissemination; uncertainty; weight classes for legal metrology. ...

2013-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

9

International Metrology and the Redefinition of the Kilogram  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 15 Compared to the International Prototype Kilogram, the measured masses of prototype kilograms around the world are diverging. Page 16. ...

2013-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

10

CODATA Value: kilogram-hartree relationship  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... kilogram-hartree relationship. Value, 2.061 485 968 x 10 34 E h. Standard uncertainty, 0.000 000 091 x 10 34 E h. Relative ...

11

60 kilograms high explosive containment with multi-diagnostic capability  

SciTech Connect

In anticipation of increasingly stringent environmental regulations, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) proposes to construct a 60 kilogram (kg) firing chamber to provide blast-effects containment for most of its open-air, high explosives, firing operations. Even though these operations are within current environmental limits, containment of the blast effects and hazardous debris will further drastically reduce emissions to the environment and minimize the generated hazardous waste.

Simmons, L F

1998-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

12

CODATA Value: kilogram-kelvin relationship  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... kilogram-kelvin relationship. Value, 6.509 6582 x 10 39 K. Standard uncertainty, 0.000 0059 x 10 39 K. Relative standard uncertainty, 9.1 x 10 -7. ...

13

Replace Kilogram Artifact Now With Definition Based on ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Replace Kilogram Artifact Now With Definition Based on Nature, Experts Say. ... This started out as a study of the effects of redefining the kilogram. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

14

KG Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

KG Group KG Group Jump to: navigation, search Name KG Group Place Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India Sector Solar Product Holding company for three yarn firms; setting up a solar thermal plant in Tamil Nadu. Coordinates 11.01167°, 76.98406° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":11.01167,"lon":76.98406,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

15

Preliminary Results of Voloxidation Processing of Kilogram Quantities of Used Nuclear Fuel  

SciTech Connect

Advanced nuclear fuel processing methodologies are being studied as part of the Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) program at ORNL. To support this initiative, processes and equipment were deployed at ORNL to perform all steps in the recycle process on actual used nuclear fuels, ranging from used fuel receipt to production of products and waste forms at the kilogram-scale (with capacity to process 20 kg of used fuel per year in up to four campaigns). In the first campaign, approximately 4 kg of used fuel was processed. As previously reported, the head-end processing was completed using saw-segmented Dresden fuel in lab-scale equipment in multiple batches. The second processing campaign used a new single pin shear and a new bench-scale voloxidizer to perform the dry head-end treatment prior to fuel dissolution. Approximately ~5 kg of used fuel (heavy metal basis) was processed in the second campaign. Two different fuels were oxidized in three separate batches to provide a range of processing conditions. The material used for each batch and general processing conditions are summarized in Table 1. Progress of the oxidation reaction was monitored continuously by two primary measurements; the concentration of oxygen in the effluent stream which was depressed as the oxygen was consumed, and the concentration of krypton-85 in the effluent stream as measured by a gamma counter on the off-gas pipeline. Table 1. Voloxidation test conditions for second campaign. Batch Fuel Source Burnup (GWd/MT)Batch size (kg*)/(kg**)Segment Length (in) Oxidation GasOperation Temperature ( C) 1Surry-2361.223/1.7041.0Air500 2North Anna63 702.071/2.8850.88Air600 3North Anna63 702.012/2.8030.88Oxygen600 * Heavy metal basis. ** Total fuel (oxide + cladding) basis. Fission product gases evolved from the fuel during the oxidation process were trapped for subsequent chemical and radiochemical analysis. The series of traps included a bed of molecular sieves to recover tritium (as HTO), silver-substituted zeolite to capture iodine (e.g. as AgI), a caustic scrubber to collect carbon dioxide (including 14CO2), a hydrogen-substituted mordenite to capture krypton (e.g. 85Kr) by cryogenic temperature swing adsorption, and a silver-substituted mordenite to capture xenon by cryogenic temperature swing absorption. The quantities of these volatile gases collected were compared to ORIGEN calculations to estimate the effectiveness of the voloxidation process to separate the volatiles from the used fuel. This paper will describe the voloxidation system and present preliminary results from the second processing campaign.

Spencer, Barry B [ORNL; DelCul, Guillermo D [ORNL; Jubin, Robert Thomas [ORNL; Owens, R Steven [ORNL; Ramey, Dan W [ORNL; Collins, Emory D [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

How Measuring the Planck Constant gets to an Electronic Kilogram Standard  

SciTech Connect

The best measurement of the Planck constant is now derived from the watt balance method. This method measures mechanical power, in reference units of the kilogram (artifact mass standard), second (atomic clocks), and meter (lasers), in ratio to electrical power, in reference units of the volt (Josephson effect) and ohm (quantum Hall effect). Of these reference standards, only the kilogram is still an artifact standard. Thus a high precision measurement of the Planck constant is equivalent to monitoring the SI kilogram artifact, and may be used to redefine the kilogram. This talk will summarize the complexity of making a Planck constant measurement, where there are interesting aspects of basic physics that appear when the ultimate precision of the standards laboratory is applied to obtain an uncertainty of 20 parts in a billion.

Steiner, Richard

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Electronic Kilogram  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... NIST has led the world since 1998 with three consistent results for the determination of h. The most recent NIST value ... Lead Organizational Unit: ...

2013-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

18

MARKET BASED K.G. DULEEP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and maintenance are both important. Propane and CNG are NOT "cleaner burning". RSD is a very good tool but ... Measured grams pollutant per kg of fuel from RSD -quantifiable uncertainty Fuel sales from tax department inventories · Only need one week of work and fuel sales to get fuel based emissions inventories · RSD

19

Property:Dry Mass(kg) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mass(kg) Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Dry Mass(kg) Property Type String Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleProperty:DryMass(kg)&oldid623736"...

20

Property:Dry Mass (kg) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mass (kg) Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Dry Mass (kg) Property Type String Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleProperty:DryMass(kg)&oldid642179"...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kg kilogram km" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

km2 | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

79 79 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142280579 Varnish cache server km2 Dataset Summary Description This dataset is part of a larger internal dataset at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) that explores various characteristics of large solar electric (both PV and CSP) facilities around the United States. This dataset focuses on the land use characteristics for solar facilities that are either under construction or currently in operation. Source Land-Use Requirements for Solar Power Plants in the United States Date Released June 25th, 2013 (7 months ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords acres area average concentrating solar power csp Density electric

22

xu-km-99.PDF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Updraft and Downdraft Statistics of Simulated Tropical Updraft and Downdraft Statistics of Simulated Tropical and Midlatitude Cumulus Convection K.-M. Xu and D. A. Randall Department of Atmospheric Science Colorado State University Fort Collins, Colorado Introduction The statistics of updrafts and downdrafts were substantially different between tropical/subtropical and midlatitude continental cumulus convection (LeMone and Zipser 1980; Lucas et al. 1994). The Thunderstorm Project (Byers and Braham 1949) provided the only statistics for midlatitude continental convection. Recent aircraft observations over tropical oceans also suggested that the averaged thermal buoyancy of downdrafts was positive and similar to that of updrafts (Jorgensen and LeMone 1989; Lucas et al. 1994; Wei et al. 1998; Igau et al. 1999). Updrafts with negative buoyancies were also frequently observed.

23

AVANCIS GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Name AVANCIS GmbH & Co KG Place Torgau, Germany Product Germany-based CIS PV cell manufacturer and subsidiary of Saint Gobain. References AVANCIS GmbH & Co KG1...

24

Windkraft Luhrs GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Luhrs GmbH Co KG Jump to: navigation, search Name Windkraft Luhrs GmbH & Co KG Place Germany Sector Wind energy Product Germany-based, wind farm developer. References Windkraft...

25

Mann Naturenergie GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mann Naturenergie GmbH Co KG Mann Naturenergie GmbH Co KG Jump to: navigation, search Name Mann Naturenergie GmbH & Co.KG Place Langenbach/Ww, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany Zip 57520 Sector Biofuels, Renewable Energy Product Mann Naturenergie is engaged in renewable energy production and distribution. It offers biofuels like wood chips, wood briquettes or vegetable oil but also technical expertise. References Mann Naturenergie GmbH & Co.KG[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Mann Naturenergie GmbH & Co.KG is a company located in Langenbach/Ww, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany . References ↑ "Mann Naturenergie GmbH & Co.KG" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Mann_Naturenergie_GmbH_Co_KG&oldid=3486

26

Wallenborn Projektentwicklung GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wallenborn Projektentwicklung GmbH Co KG Wallenborn Projektentwicklung GmbH Co KG Jump to: navigation, search Name Wallenborn Projektentwicklung GmbH & Co. KG Place Klipphausen OT Lampersdorf, Germany Zip 1665 Sector Solar, Wind energy Product Wallenborn Projektentwicklung is a wind and solar project developer. References Wallenborn Projektentwicklung GmbH & Co. KG[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Wallenborn Projektentwicklung GmbH & Co. KG is a company located in Klipphausen OT Lampersdorf, Germany . References ↑ "Wallenborn Projektentwicklung GmbH & Co. KG" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Wallenborn_Projektentwicklung_GmbH_Co_KG&oldid=352915

27

Energy age wind ltd Co KG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

age wind ltd Co KG age wind ltd Co KG Jump to: navigation, search Name energy-age-wind ltd & Co. KG Place Telgte, Germany Zip 48291 Sector Wind energy Product Energy-age-wind aims to develop small scale vertical-axis wind turbines. References energy-age-wind ltd & Co. KG[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. energy-age-wind ltd & Co. KG is a company located in Telgte, Germany . References ↑ "energy-age-wind ltd & Co. KG" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Energy_age_wind_ltd_Co_KG&oldid=344826" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version

28

Bernt Lorentz GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bernt Lorentz GmbH Co KG Bernt Lorentz GmbH Co KG Jump to: navigation, search Name Bernt Lorentz GmbH & Co KG Place Henstedt-Ulzburg, Germany Zip D-24558 Sector Solar Product German manufacturer of solar tracking devices, water pumps, and related electronic and hydraulic components. References Bernt Lorentz GmbH & Co KG[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Bernt Lorentz GmbH & Co KG is a company located in Henstedt-Ulzburg, Germany . References ↑ "Bernt Lorentz GmbH & Co KG" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Bernt_Lorentz_GmbH_Co_KG&oldid=342681" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here

29

Berger Lichttechnik GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Berger Lichttechnik GmbH Co KG Berger Lichttechnik GmbH Co KG Jump to: navigation, search Name Berger Lichttechnik GmbH & Co KG Place Baierbrunn, Germany Zip D-82065 Sector Solar Product German manufacturer of solar simulators and measuring systems. References Berger Lichttechnik GmbH & Co KG[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Berger Lichttechnik GmbH & Co KG is a company located in Baierbrunn, Germany . References ↑ "Berger Lichttechnik GmbH & Co KG" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Berger_Lichttechnik_GmbH_Co_KG&oldid=342677" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes

30

Fuhrlander Pfleiderer GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pfleiderer GmbH Co KG Pfleiderer GmbH Co KG Jump to: navigation, search Name Fuhrlander-Pfleiderer GmbH & Co KG Place Germany Sector Wind energy Product Joint venture combining the wind power activities of Furhlander AG and Pfleiderer AG. References Fuhrlander-Pfleiderer GmbH & Co KG[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Fuhrlander-Pfleiderer GmbH & Co KG is a company located in Germany . References ↑ "[ Fuhrlander-Pfleiderer GmbH & Co KG]" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Fuhrlander_Pfleiderer_GmbH_Co_KG&oldid=345554" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes

31

CIS Solartechnik GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector Solar Product The Norddeutsche Affinerie and the Cordes & Graefe KG formed a joint venture in order to develop the CIS solar cells. References CIS Solartechnik GmbH &...

32

SGL Rotec GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zip 27809 Sector Wind energy Product Germany-based manufacturer of rotor blades for wind turbines. References SGL Rotec GmbH & Co KG1 LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase...

33

Flabeg GmbH co KG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Germany Zip 90441 Sector Solar Product Glass finishing for automotive and solar industry, especially STEG. References Flabeg GmbH & co KG1 LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase...

34

Europartner Solar GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Europartner Solar GmbH Co KG Europartner Solar GmbH Co KG Jump to: navigation, search Name Europartner-Solar GmbH & Co KG Place Wurzburg, Bavaria, Germany Zip 97074 Sector Solar Product Wurzburg-based solar equipment provider for PV systems. Coordinates 49.792775°, 9.936395° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":49.792775,"lon":9.936395,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

35

GEE Energy GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GEE Energy GmbH Co KG GEE Energy GmbH Co KG Jump to: navigation, search Name GEE Energy GmbH & Co. KG Place Hamburg, Germany Zip 20459 Sector Biomass Product Biomass trader delivering wood pellets, wood and bark briquettes to Germany, Scandinavia, Austria, Italy and Switzerland. Coordinates 53.553345°, 9.992455° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":53.553345,"lon":9.992455,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

36

Dark matter limits froma 15 kg windowless bubble chamber  

SciTech Connect

The COUPP collaboration has successfully used bubble chambers, a technology previously applied only to high-energy physics experiments, as direct dark matter detectors. It has produced the world's most stringent spin-dependent WIMP limits, and increasingly competitive spin-independent limits. These limits were achieved by capitalizing on an intrinsic rejection of the gamma background that all other direct detection experiments must address through high-density shielding and empirically-determined data cuts. The history of COUPP, including its earliest prototypes and latest results, is briefly discussed in this thesis. The feasibility of a new, windowless bubble chamber concept simpler and more inexpensive in design is discussed here as well. The dark matter limits achieved with a 15 kg windowless chamber, larger than any previous COUPP chamber (2 kg, 4 kg), are presented. Evidence of the greater radiopurity of synthetic quartz compared to natural is presented using the data from this 15 kg device, the first chamber to be made from synthetic quartz. The effective reconstruction of the three-dimensional positions of bubbles in a highly distorted optical field, with ninety-degree bottom lighting similar to cloud chamber lighting, is demonstrated. Another innovation described in this thesis is the use of the sound produced by bubbles recorded by an array of piezoelectric sensors as the primary means of bubble detection. In other COUPP chambers, cameras have been used as the primary trigger. Previous work on bubble acoustic signature differentiation using piezos is built upon in order to further demonstrate the ability to discriminate between alpha- and neutron-induced events.

Szydagis, Matthew Mark; /Chicago U.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Fichtner GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fichtner GmbH Co KG Fichtner GmbH Co KG Jump to: navigation, search Name Fichtner GmbH & Co KG Place Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany Zip 70191 Sector Solar Product Consulting engineering company, focusses on large scale projects in the infrastructure sector. Leading consultant for Solar Thermal Electricity Generation (STEG) projects. Coordinates 48.767675°, 9.171925° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":48.767675,"lon":9.171925,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

38

SSB Antriebstechnik GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SSB Antriebstechnik GmbH Co KG SSB Antriebstechnik GmbH Co KG Jump to: navigation, search Name SSB-Antriebstechnik GmbH & Co KG Place Salzbergen, Germany Zip 48499 Sector Wind energy Product Salzbergen-based provider of pitch and control systems for wind turbines including motors, gearboxes, control and switchgear and their maintenance. Coordinates 52.323136°, 7.347278° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":52.323136,"lon":7.347278,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

39

RIO Energie GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RIO Energie GmbH Co KG RIO Energie GmbH Co KG Jump to: navigation, search Name RIO Energie GmbH & Co KG Place Mainz, Germany Zip 55118 Sector Wind energy Product Subsidiary of the juwi group, Rio Energie develops and installs small and medium sized PV systems and wind projects. Coordinates 50.000605°, 8.2723° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":50.000605,"lon":8.2723,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

40

Messa in sicurezza della S.S. 439 sarzanese - valdera dal Km 105 al Km 135.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Questo studio stato improntato sulla messa in sicurezza del tratto dal Km 105 al Km 135 della S.S. 439 sarzanese - valdera con l'obbiettivo (more)

Bedini, Michele

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kg kilogram km" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Factors Affecting KM Implementation in the Chinese Community  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reviews past research on KM to identify key factors affecting Chinese KM implementation. It begins with a chronological overview of 76 KM related publications, followed by two separate discussions of socio-cultural and non-socio-cultural factors ... Keywords: China, Chinese, KM Implementation, Knowledge Management

Yang Lin; Kimiz Dalkir

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Joint Solar Silicon GmbH Co KG JSSI | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Silicon GmbH Co KG JSSI Jump to: navigation, search Name Joint Solar Silicon GmbH & Co KG (JSSI) Place Germany Sector Solar Product Joint venture between Degussa and SolarWorld for...

43

Wurth Solar GmbH Co KG Wuerth Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wurth Solar GmbH Co KG Wuerth Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name Wurth Solar GmbH & Co KG (Wuerth Solar) Place Schwabisch Hall, Baden-Wrttemberg, Germany Zip D-74523 Sector...

44

Deutsche Rotor und Turm Service GmbH Co KG DRTS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rotor und Turm Service GmbH Co KG DRTS Rotor und Turm Service GmbH Co KG DRTS Jump to: navigation, search Name Deutsche Rotor und Turm Service GmbH & Co KG (DRTS) Place Bremen, Germany Zip 28239 Sector Wind energy Product Service company for wind turbine blades and towers. References Deutsche Rotor und Turm Service GmbH & Co KG (DRTS)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Deutsche Rotor und Turm Service GmbH & Co KG (DRTS) is a company located in Bremen, Germany . References ↑ "Deutsche Rotor und Turm Service GmbH & Co KG (DRTS)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Deutsche_Rotor_und_Turm_Service_GmbH_Co_KG_DRTS&oldid=344202" Categories:

45

Green Energy Geotherm Power Fonds GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geotherm Power Fonds GmbH Co KG Geotherm Power Fonds GmbH Co KG Jump to: navigation, search Name Green Energy Geotherm Power Fonds GmbH & Co. KG Place Hannover, Lower Saxony, Germany Zip 30559 Sector Geothermal energy Product German-based fund that will invest in geothermal projects to be developed by Green Energy Group. References Green Energy Geotherm Power Fonds GmbH & Co. KG[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Green Energy Geotherm Power Fonds GmbH & Co. KG is a company located in Hannover, Lower Saxony, Germany . References ↑ "Green Energy Geotherm Power Fonds GmbH & Co. KG" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Green_Energy_Geotherm_Power_Fonds_GmbH_Co_KG&oldid=346014"

46

Kilogram Scale Synthesis of a Triazine-based Dendrimer and the Development of a General Strategy for the Installation of Pharmacophores to Yield Potential Drug Delivery Agents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Diverse dendrimer peripheries are often produced through convergent synthesis with multiple protection-deprotection steps. Achieving such diversity while maintaining monodispersity, has previously proven problematic. Interception of an electrophilic poly(monochlorotriazine) dendrimer with a molecule of interest bearing a reactive, nucleophilic group presents an efficient method to achieve large quantities of dendrimers with biologically relevant peripheries. Kilogram-scale synthesis of a triazine-based dendrimer relies on reaction of the dichlorotriazine monomer with the amine terminated dendrimer to afford a poly(monochlorotriazine) dendrimer. Normally, the dendrimer is then reacted with piperidine, an inexpensive cap due to its chemically inert nature after reaction. The dendrimer then undergoes a global deprotection to afford an amine-terminated dendrimer. Subsequent iterations with the dichlorotriazine monomer affords higher generation architectures. Intercepting the poly(monochlorotriazine) dendrimer with biologically relevant molecules containing reactive amines enables the development of a drug delivery vehicle. Desferrioxamine B, an iron chelate, and camptothecin, and anticancer drug, are two clinically approved drugs of interest investigated for macromolecular drug delivery. Upon acylation of each drug with BOC-isonipecotic acid, substitution on the dendrimer may occur with varying levels of success depending on the drug in question. Upon successful substitution to afford the desired product,biological studies may be performed. Each synthetic approach will be discussed along with alternative routes leading to this general strategy.

Venditto, Vincent J.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

A solid state approach to the production of kilogram quantities of Si[sub 80]Ge[sub 20] thermoelectric alloys  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An important consideration in the development of improved materials for thermal-to-electrical power generation is whether a research-scale process or methodology is amenable to production of kilogram quantities. Research efforts on the solid state technique of mechanical alloying have shown that both n- and p-type Si-20 at. % Ge alloys can be produced which have improved thermoelectric properties compared to state-of-the-art MOD-RTG materials. Studies on the production of large quantities of mechanically alloyed powder alloys using a planetary mill indicate that properties similar to those observed in alloys prepared in smaller quantities by a vibratory mill can be obtained. The characterization of several p-type alloys doped with 0.8 at. % B in the form SiB[sub 4] by X-ray diffraction, scanning laser mass spectroscopy, Hall effect, and high temperature electrical resistivity and Seebeck coefficient measurements are described. The transport properties of these alloys are shown to be comparable to those measured on similar samples prepared in small quantities by a research-grade vibratory mill.

Cook, B.A.; Harringa, J.L.; Beaudry, B.J.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Biophysical Data Published from the km 67 Seca Floresta Site...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biophysical Data Published from the km 67 Seca Floresta Site, Brazil The ORNL DAAC announces the release of biophysical data from the rainfall exclusion experiment conducted at the...

49

Guide for the Use of the International System of Units (SI)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... such as kilogram/m3, kg/cubic meter, kilogram/cubic meter, kg per m3, or kilogram per meter3. ... m = 5 kg but not: m = five kilograms or m = five kg ...

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

50

Knowledge audit for a large scale government KM strategy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The promise of increased organizational performance has brought about a high level of interest for knowledge management (KM) from the part of actors involved in research and practice over the last 15 years. Governments are also actively launching KM ... Keywords: knowledge audit, knowledge management planning

Marie-Christine Roy; Mireille Sager; Jean-Francois Ricard

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Brazil Wind Data (40km) from CEPEL | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

40km) from CEPEL 40km) from CEPEL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Annual average of the aeolic potential at 50m. Content: wind speed in m/s, power class (7 classes), power density in W/m2 and Weibull k value organized into cells with 40km x 40km (Purpose): The thematic map by code of colors permits quick viewing of all the Brazilian territory dataset. That map indicates, for the height of 50m, the annual average, in W/m2, of wind speed, power class, power density and Weibull k value. (Supplemental Information): The information is organized into cells measuring 10 x 40km. The wind potential maps were calculated from simulations produced by the MesoMap(*) for 360 days, extracted of a period of 15 years of data. The days were chosen by means of random sampling at several heights, so that each month and season be considered in a representative way.

52

Documentation of high resolution solar resource assessment (10km...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

resolution solar resource assessment for China provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global...

53

Documentation of high resolution solar resource assessment (10km...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

solar resource assessment for Ethiopia provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global...

54

Documentation of high resolution solar resource assessment (10km...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

resolution solar resource assessment for Nepal provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global...

55

Documentation of high resolution solar resource assessment (10km...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

resolution solar resource assessment for Kenya provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global...

56

Sonnen Solar Park GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Name Sonnen Solar Park GmbH & Co KG Place Germany Sector Solar Product 1.75MW solar PV park in Bavaria, developed by Voltwerk. References Sonnen Solar Park GmbH & Co...

57

Next-Day Convection-Allowing WRF Model Guidance: A Second Look at 2-km versus 4-km Grid Spacing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the 2007 NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed (HWT) Spring Experiment, the Center for Analysis and Prediction of Storms (CAPS) at the University of Oklahoma produced convection-allowing forecasts from a single deterministic 2-km model and a 10-...

Craig S. Schwartz; John S. Kain; Steven J. Weiss; Ming Xue; David R. Bright; Fanyou Kong; Kevin W. Thomas; Jason J. Levit; Michael C. Coniglio

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Brazil Wind Data (10km) from CEPEL | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

10km) from CEPEL 10km) from CEPEL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Annual average of the aeolic potential at 50m. Content: wind speed in m/s, power class (7 classes), power density in W/m2 and Weibull k value organized into cells with 10km x 10km (Purpose): The thematic map by code of colors permits quick viewing of all the Brazilian territory dataset. That map indicates, for the height of 50m, the annual average, in W/m2, of wind speed, power class, power density and Weibull k value (Supplemental Information): The information is organized into cells measuring 10 x 10km. The wind potential maps were calculated from simulations produced by the MesoMap(*) for 360 days, extracted of a period of 15 years of data. The days were chosen by means of random sampling at several heights, so that each month and season be considered in a representative way. MesoMap(*) for 360 days, extracted of a period of 15 years of data. The days were chosen by means of random sampling at several heights, so that each month and season be considered in a representative way.

59

Offshore Burger Windpark Butendiek GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Burger Windpark Butendiek GmbH Co KG Burger Windpark Butendiek GmbH Co KG Jump to: navigation, search Name Offshore-Burger-Windpark Butendiek GmbH & Co KG Place Husum, Germany Zip 25813 Sector Wind energy Product Developing the 240MW Butendiek offshore wind farm. Coordinates 45.799479°, -121.486901° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.799479,"lon":-121.486901,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

60

Paradigma Energie und Umwelttechnik GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Paradigma Energie und Umwelttechnik GmbH Co KG Paradigma Energie und Umwelttechnik GmbH Co KG Jump to: navigation, search Name Paradigma Energie- und Umwelttechnik GmbH & Co KG Place Karlsbad, Germany Zip 76307 Sector Solar Product A manufacturer of solar energy products and systems Coordinates 48.914742°, 8.506386° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":48.914742,"lon":8.506386,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kg kilogram km" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Measuring KM Success and KM Service Quality with KnowMetrix --- First Experiences from a Case Study in a Software Company  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is commonly accepted that knowledge management (KM) and knowledge transfer are critical success factors for competing enterprises. What is not yet known sufficiently is how to measure the status of KM in order to develop concrete and effective actions ... Keywords: KM service quality, KM success, KM success factors, KnowMetrix, success measurement

Franz Lehner

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

1. Zu bestimmen ist der Druck in der Mitte der Erde. Nehmen Sie die Dichte als konstant an: 10 /kg m . Der Radius der Erde ist 6400R km .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1. Zu bestimmen ist der Druck in der Mitte der Erde. Nehmen Sie die Dichte als konstant an: 4 3 10. Der Reibungskoeffizient des Sandes mit der Wand sei . Zu bestimmen ist der Druck im Sand als Funktion pl an der Stelle [1] als Funktion von . b) Wie gro? darf die Winkelgeschwindigkeit höchstens

Berlin,Technische Universität

63

Geothermie Unterhaching GmbH und Co KG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Unterhaching GmbH und Co KG Unterhaching GmbH und Co KG Jump to: navigation, search Name Geothermie Unterhaching GmbH und Co KG Place Unterhaching, Bavaria, Germany Zip 82008 Sector Geothermal energy Product The SPV was established by the municipal authority Unterhaching in order to carry out a geothermal project. Coordinates 48.066195°, 11.609048° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":48.066195,"lon":11.609048,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

64

ABO Wind Biogas Sachsen Anhalt GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ABO Wind Biogas Sachsen Anhalt GmbH Co KG ABO Wind Biogas Sachsen Anhalt GmbH Co KG Jump to: navigation, search Name ABO Wind Biogas Sachsen-Anhalt GmbH & Co. KG Place Wiesbaden, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany Zip 65193 Product Company set up to build and operate three biogas plants in Saxony-Anhalt Germany. Coordinates 50.084592°, 8.242302° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":50.084592,"lon":8.242302,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

65

Umwelt Windrad GmbH Co KG UWR | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Windrad GmbH Co KG UWR Windrad GmbH Co KG UWR Jump to: navigation, search Name Umwelt Windrad GmbH & Co KG (UWR) Place Rheine, Germany Zip 48431 Sector Wind energy Product Germany-based, subsidiary of Novera Energy owner of the Prutzke and Rohlsdorf windfarms in northern Germany. Coordinates 52.278749°, 7.434676° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":52.278749,"lon":7.434676,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

66

KvH Projekt GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

KvH Projekt GmbH Co KG KvH Projekt GmbH Co KG Jump to: navigation, search Name KvH Projekt GmbH & Co KG Place Hamburg, Germany Zip D-20259 Sector Biomass, Solar, Wind energy Product Project developer in wind, solar, biomass and smart architecture. Coordinates 53.553345°, 9.992455° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":53.553345,"lon":9.992455,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

67

Experimental demonstration of quantum correlations over more than 10 km  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy and time entangled photons at a wavelength of 1310 nm are produced by parametric downconversion in a KNbO3 crystal and are sent into all-fiber interferometers using a telecom fiber network. The two interferometers of this Franson-type test of the Bell-inequality are located 10.9 km apart from one another. Two-photon fringe visibilities of up to 81.6 % are obtained. These strong nonlocal correlations support the nonlocal predictions of quantum mechanics and provide evidence that entanglement between photons can be maintained over long distances.

W. Tittel; J. Brendel; B. Gisin; T. Herzog; H. Zbinden; N. Gisin

1997-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

68

Characterization of BG28 and KG3 filter glass for Drive Diagnostic Attenuators  

SciTech Connect

BG28 and KG3 filter glasses were tested for use as attenuators in the NIF drive diagnostic (DrD) systems. Tests were performed in the Optical Sciences Laser facility with a 351 nm, 2-step, 3-nsec pulse at fluences ranging up to {approx} 1 J/cm{sup 2}. Single-shot measurements showed no solarization when the samples were allowed to relax for a week after exposure. KG3 filters exhibited no luminescence and no transient pulse distortion. BG28 filters luminesced appreciably and imposed a 'droop' (similar to 'square-pulse distortion') on the signals. The droop parameter is estimated at 0.50 {+-} 0.11 cm{sup 2}/J. Droop is explained in terms of known copper-doped-glass spectroscopy and kinetics (buildup of triplet-state populations, with excited-state absorption). Simulation of the distortion ({approx}1.6%) expected on a 1.8 MJ Haan pulse led to a minor redesign of the Drive Diagnostic with reduced fluence on the BG28 filters to reduce the droop distortion to 0.5%.

Page, R H; Weiland, T; Folta, J

2007-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

69

Feasibility of 300 km Quantum Key Distribution with Entangled States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A significant limitation of practical quantum key distribution (QKD) setups is currently their limited operational range. It has recently been emphasized (X. Ma, C.-H. F. Fung, and H.-K. Lo., Phys. Rev. A, 76:012307, 2007) that entanglement-based QKD systems can tolerate higher channel losses than systems based on weak coherent laser pulses (WCP), in particular when the source is located symmetrically between the two communicating parties, Alice and Bob. In the work presented here, we experimentally study this important advantage by implementing different entanglement-based QKD setups on a 144~km free-space link between the two Canary Islands of La Palma and Tenerife. We established three different configurations where the entangled photon source was placed at Alice's location, asymmetrically between Alice and Bob and symmetrically in the middle between Alice and Bob, respectively. The resulting quantum channel attenuations of 35~dB, 58~dB and 71~dB, respectively, significantly exceed the limit for WCP systems. This confirms that QKD over distances of 300~km and even more is feasible with entangled state sources placed in the middle between Alice and Bob.

Thomas Scheidl; Rupert Ursin; Alessandro Fedrizzi; Sven Ramelow; Xiao-Song Ma; Thomas Herbst; Robert Prevedel; Lothar Ratschbacher; Johannes Kofler; Thomas Jennewein; Anton Zeilinger

2010-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

70

Pacific Northwest Site Office P.O. BOX 350, Kg-42  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pacific Northwest Site Office Pacific Northwest Site Office P.O. BOX 350, Kg-42 Richland, Washington 99352 JAN 1 8 2019 MEMORANDUM FOR SCOTT B. HARRIS, GENERAL COUNSEL OFFICE OF GENERAL COUNSEL FROM: SUBJECT: GC- I , HQ JULIE K. ERlCKSON PACIFIC NORTHWEST SITE OFFICE 20 1 1 ANNUAL NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT (NEPA) PLANNING SUMMARY DOE 0 45 1.1B requires Secretarial Officers and Heads of Field Organizations to submit a Annual NEPA Planning Summary to the Office of General Counsel. We have consulted your December 8,201 0, memorandum, and guidance posted on the Office of NEPA Policy and Compliailce (GC-54) web site, and have no NEPA activities to report. If you have any questions, please contact me, or your staff may contact Theresa Aldridge, Operations Division, at (509) 372-4508, or Peter Siebach, Integrated Support Center - Chicago

71

Lattice design for an ILC damping ring with 3 km circumference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

beam dynamics in the 3 km lattice presented here, with the17 km [1] and 6 km [2] lattices proposed elsewhere.2000). [6] C. Steier et al, Lattice Model Calibration and

Wolski, Andrzej

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Documentation of high resolution solar resource assessment (10km) for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for for Ethiopia provided by DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Documentation of the satellite-based high resolution solar resource assessment for Ethiopia provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global horizontal and direct normal irradiance (GHI and DNI) for the year 2000, 2001 and 2002. Additionally, for selected sites hourly values of GHI and DNI are provided.The Documentation gives an overview about the used input data and used methodology, shows example maps and describes a comparison with ground data (if provided by the country) (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. For the selected

73

Microsoft Word - S07409_2010_SER  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

meters (m) m 3.281 ft miles (mi) 1.609 kilometers (km) km 0.6214 mi pounds (lb) 0.454 kilograms (kg) kg 2.205 lb gallons 3.785 liters (L) L 0.2642 gallons square feet (ft 2 )...

74

A 233 km tunnel for lepton and hadron colliders  

SciTech Connect

A decade ago, a cost analysis was conducted to bore a 233 km circumference Very Large Hadron Collider (VLHC) tunnel passing through Fermilab. Here we outline implementations of e{sup +}e{sup -}, pp-bar , and {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} collider rings in this tunnel using recent technological innovations. The 240 and 500 GeV e{sup +}e{sup -} colliders employ Crab Waist Crossings, ultra low emittance damped bunches, short vertical IP focal lengths, superconducting RF, and low coercivity, grain oriented silicon steel/concrete dipoles. Some details are also provided for a high luminosity 240 GeV e{sup +}e{sup -} collider and 1.75 TeV muon accelerator in a Fermilab site filler tunnel. The 40 TeV pp-bar collider uses the high intensity Fermilab p-bar source, exploits high cross sections for pp-bar production of high mass states, and uses 2 Tesla ultra low carbon steel/YBCO superconducting magnets run with liquid neon. The 35 TeV muon ring ramps the 2 Tesla superconducting magnets at 9 Hz every 0.4 seconds, uses 250 GV of superconducting RF to accelerate muons from 1.75 to 17.5 TeV in 63 orbits with 71% survival, and mitigates neutrino radiation with phase shifting, roller coaster motion in a FODO lattice.

Summers, D. J.; Cremaldi, L. M.; Datta, A.; Duraisamy, M.; Luo, T.; Lyons, G. T. [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of Mississippi-Oxford, University, MS 38677 (United States)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

75

Improved lower bounds for the 2-page crossing numbers of Km,n ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 18, 2011 ... graph Km,n and of the complete graph Kn equal Z(m, n) := ?n. 2 ... drawings of Km,n (respectively, Kn) with exactly Z(m, n) (respectively, Z(n))...

76

Impact of Improved Initialization of Mesoscale Features on Convective System Rainfall in 10-km Eta Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 10-km version of the NCEP Eta Model has been run over a roughly 1000 km 1000 km domain centered over the upper Midwest for 20 cases where heavy warm season rainfall occurred from mesoscale convective systems to investigate the response of the ...

William A. Gallus Jr.; Moti Segal

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

SI Unit rules and style conventions checklist  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 3 , or kilogram per meter 3 . ... proper: m = 5 kg the current was 15 A improper: m = five kilograms m = five kg the current was 15 amperes ...

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

78

NEMO: A Project for a km$^3$ Underwater Detector for Astrophysical Neutrinos in the Mediterranean Sea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The status of the project is described: the activity on long term characterization of water optical and oceanographic parameters at the Capo Passero site candidate for the Mediterranean km$^3$ neutrino telescope; the feasibility study; the physics performances and underwater technology for the km$^3$; the activity on NEMO Phase 1, a technological demonstrator that has been deployed at 2000 m depth 25 km offshore Catania; the realization of an underwater infrastructure at 3500 m depth at the candidate site (NEMO Phase 2).

I. Amore; for the NEMO Collaboration

2007-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

79

Brazil Wind Data (40km) from CEPEL

(Abstract): ...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b> The information is organized into cells measuring 10 x 40km. The wind potential maps were calculated from simulations produced by the MesoMap(*) for 360...

80

Brazil Wind Data (10km) from CEPEL

(Abstract): ...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b> The information is organized into cells measuring 10 x 10km. The wind potential maps were calculated from simulations produced by the MesoMap(*) for 360...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kg kilogram km" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

First Dark Matter Search Results from a 4-kg CF$_3$I Bubble Chamber Operated in a Deep Underground Site  

SciTech Connect

New data are reported from the operation of a 4.0 kg CF{sub 3}I bubble chamber in the 6800 foot deep SNOLAB underground laboratory. The effectiveness of ultrasound analysis in discriminating alpha decay background events from single nuclear recoils has been confirmed, with a lower bound of >99.3% rejection of alpha decay events. Twenty single nuclear recoil event candidates and three multiple bubble events were observed during a total exposure of 553 kg-days distributed over three different bubble nucleation thresholds. The effective exposure for single bubble recoil-like events was 437.4 kg-days. A neutron background internal to the apparatus, of known origin, is estimated to account for five single nuclear recoil events and is consistent with the observed rate of multiple bubble events. This observation provides world best direct detection constraints on WIMP-proton spin-dependent scattering for WIMP masses >20 GeV/c{sup 2} and demonstrates significant sensitivity for spin-independent interactions.

Behnke, E.; /Indiana U., South Bend; Behnke, J.; /Indiana U., South Bend; Brice, S.J.; /Fermilab; Broemmelsiek, D.; /Fermilab; Collar, J.I.; /Chicago U., EFI; Conner, A.; /Indiana U., South Bend; Cooper, P.S.; /Fermilab; Crisler, M.; /Fermilab; Dahl, C.E.; /Chicago U., EFI; Fustin, D.; /Chicago U., EFI; Grace, E.; /Indiana U., South Bend /Fermilab

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Development of KM System for Intergrated Management of Water Resources and Environment in Zhangweinan Subbasin, China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Knowledge Management (KM) system for Integrated Management of Water Resources and Environment is developed in the paper, which includes spatial database, properties database, thematic database and met abase. The database can be used for integrated management ... Keywords: Zhangweinan Subbasin, knowledge management system(KM), database

Weidong Yu; Chunhui Li; Junxiang Jia

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

km for km for Sri Lanka from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Sri Lanka (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

84

Solar: monthly direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

40km resolution for 40km resolution for Bangladesh from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Bangladesh. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

85

Comparison And Discussion Of The 6 Km Temperature Maps Of The Western Us  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Comparison And Discussion Of The 6 Km Temperature Maps Of The Western Us Comparison And Discussion Of The 6 Km Temperature Maps Of The Western Us Prepared By The Smu Geothermal Lab And The Usgs Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Comparison And Discussion Of The 6 Km Temperature Maps Of The Western Us Prepared By The Smu Geothermal Lab And The Usgs Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Interpretations of temperature-at-6 km depth maps for the western US are compared and three areas of difference are discussed in detail. These three areas are critical for EGS resource evaluation yet they are quite different between the two maps. The data in these three areas (the northern Oregon Cascade Range, the Snake River Plain, and the northern Great Basin) bearing on the interpretations are discussed. There is a large

86

Solar: monthly latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution for Bangladesh  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution for Bangladesh latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution for Bangladesh from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for flat-plate collectors tilted at latitude for Bangladesh. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented due south at an angle from horizontal equal to the latitude of the collector location. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The

87

Brazil Latitude Tilted Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR 40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Latitude tilted solar radiation in kWh/m2/day for 1 year organized into cells with 40km x 40km (Purpose): To provide a set of consistent, reliable, verifiable, and accessible global data sets for international and in-country investors and other stakeholders (Supplemental Information): The BRASIL-SR model and the SPRING software (both developed by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files.The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed through the evaluation of the deviations shown by the estimated values for solar radiation flux vis-à-vis the values measured at the surface (ground truth). This evaluation was done in two phases. The first phase

88

Solar: annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GIS data at 10km resolution for GIS data at 10km resolution for Cuba from SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Cuba (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 10 km by 10 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as kilowatt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from the State University of New York's (SUNY) GOES satellite solar model. This

89

Wind: wind power density maps at 50 m above ground and 1km resolution...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind: wind power density maps at 50 m above ground and 1km resolution for eastern China from NREL

(Abstract):PDF maps of Eastern China wind mapping.

...

90

An Analysis of Convective System on a 100-km Scale during GATE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Usig data on a 100 km-scale from Phase III of GATE, the kinematic and thermodynamic, properties of the mesoscale environment in which convective clouds of varying intensities exist are investigated. Classifications into disturbed and suppressed ...

R. P. Pearce; J. Bayo Omotosho

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Operational Implementation of the FritschChappell Convective Scheme in the 24-km Canadian Regional Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective and subjective evaluations that led to the implementation of the Fritsch and Chappell (FC) convective scheme in the new 24-km Canadian operational regional model are described in this study. Objective precipitation scores computed ...

Stphane Blair; Andr Mthot; Jocelyn Mailhot; Bernard Bilodeau; Alain Patoine; Grard Pellerin; Jean Ct

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Gravity Wave and Tidal Structures between 60 and 140 km Inferred from Space Shuttle Reentry Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study presents an analysis of density measurements made using high-resolution accelerometers aboard several space shuttles at altitudes from 60 to 140 km during reentry into the earth's atmosphere. The observed density fluctuations are ...

David C. Fritts; Ding-Yi Wang; Robert C. Blanchard

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

KM capability for software development: a case study of the Indian software firms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Organisational knowledge management (KM) capability is developed to allow companies to share, create and disseminate their organisational knowledge resources. The paradigm shift from traditional business to information communication technology (ICT) ...

Abdullah Kammani; Sultan Aljahdali; Hema Date

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Tropical Cyclone Climatology in a 10-km Global Atmospheric GCM: Toward Weather-Resolving Climate Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Northern Hemisphere tropical cyclone (TC) activity is investigated in multiyear global climate simulations with the ECMWF Integrated Forecast System (IFS) at 10-km resolution forced by the observed records of sea surface temperature and sea ice. ...

Julia V. Manganello; Kevin I. Hodges; James L. Kinter III; Benjamin A. Cash; Lawrence Marx; Thomas Jung; Deepthi Achuthavarier; Jennifer M. Adams; Eric L. Altshuler; Bohua Huang; Emilia K. Jin; Cristiana Stan; Peter Towers; Nils Wedi

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Solar: annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

at 10km resolution for Cuba from SUNY

(Abstract):Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate solar collectors for Cuba

(Purpose):<...

96

A Global Database of Land Surface Parameters at 1-km Resolution in Meteorological and Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ecoclimap, a new complete surface parameter global dataset at a 1-km resolution, is presented. It is intended to be used to initialize the soilvegetationatmosphere transfer schemes (SVATs) in meteorological and climate models (at all horizontal ...

Valry Masson; Jean-Louis Champeaux; Fabrice Chauvin; Christelle Meriguet; Roselyne Lacaze

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Comparison of Water-Related Land Cover Types in Six 1-km Global Land Cover Datasets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Land cover classification is a fundamental and vital activity that is helpful for understanding natural dynamics and the human impacts of land surface processes. Available multiple 1-km global land cover datasets have been compared to identify ...

Tosiyuki Nakaegawa

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Solar: monthly and annual latitude tilt horizontal GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

latitude tilt horizontal GIS data at 40km latitude tilt horizontal GIS data at 40km resolution for Nepal from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for flat-plate collectors tilted at latitude for Nepal. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented due south at an angle from horizontal equal to the latitude of the collector location. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The

99

Solar: monthly global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

40km resolution for 40km resolution for Bangladesh from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for Bangladesh. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

100

Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km resolution for Central America from NREL

(Abstract):Raster GIS data, 50 m wind power density...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kg kilogram km" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Wind: wind power density maps at 50m above ground and 1km resolution...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind: wind power density maps at 50m above ground and 1km resolution for Ghana from NREL

(Abstract):Raster GIS data, 50 m wind power density for Ghana.

...

102

Wind: wind power density maps at 50 m above ground and 1km resolution...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind: wind power density maps at 50 m above ground and 1km resolution for Cuba from NREL

(Abstract):Raster GIS data, 50 m wind power density for Cuba.

...

103

Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km resolution for Cuba from NREL

(Abstract):Raster GIS data, exported as BIL file, 50 m wind power...

104

Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km resolution for China from NREL

(Abstract):Raster GIS data, exported as BIL file, 50 m wind...

105

Wind: wind power density maps at 50m above ground and 1km resolution...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind: wind power density maps at 50m above ground and 1km resolution for Central America from NREL

(Abstract):50 m wind power density (Wm2) maps of Central...

106

Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km resolution for Ghana from NREL

(Abstract):Raster GIS data, exported as BIL file, 50 m wind...

107

Distribution of Time-Energy Entanglement over 100 km fiber using superconducting single-photon detectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this letter, we report an experimental realization of distributing entangled photon pairs over 100 km of dispersion-shifted fiber. In the experiment, we used a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide to generate the time-energy entanglement and superconducting single-photon detectors to detect the photon pairs after 100 km. We also demonstrate that the distributed photon pairs can still be useful for quantum key distribution and other quantum communication tasks.

Qiang Zhang; Hiroki Takesue; Sae Woo Nam; Carsten Langrock; Xiuping Xie; M. M. Fejer; Yoshihisa Yamamoto

2007-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

108

File:NREL-afg-10km-dir.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

afg-10km-dir.pdf afg-10km-dir.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Afghanistan - Annual Direct Normal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 472 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Afghanistan - Annual Direct Normal Solar Radiation Description Afghanistan - Annual Direct Normal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-CSP, Solar-10km Creation Date 2007-06-01 Extent International Countries Afghanistan UN Region Southern Asia File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 15:47, 14 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 15:47, 14 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (472 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

109

Solar: annual average direct normal (DNI) map at 40km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

map at 40km resolution for map at 40km resolution for Central America from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): A map depicting model estimates of monthly average daily total radiation using inputs derived from satellite and surface observations of cloud cover, aerosol optical depth, precipitable water vapor, albedo, atmospheric pressure and ozone sampled at a 40km resolution. (Purpose): A visual depiction of solar energy resource for concentrating solar power systems. Source NREL Date Released December 11th, 2003 (11 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Central America direct normal DNI map NREL solar SWERA UNEP Data application/pdf icon Download Map (pdf, 67.1 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency

110

KM3NeT:a large underwater neutrino telescope in the Mediterranean Sea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High energy neutrinos produced in astrophysical processes will allow for a new way of studying the universe. In order to detect the expected flux of high energy neutrinos from specific astrophysical sources, neutrino telescopes of a scale of a km^3 of water will be needed. A Northern Hemisphere detector is being proposed to be sited in a deep area of the Mediterranean Sea. This detector will provide complimentary sky coverage to the IceCube detector being built at the South Pole. The three neutrino telescope projects in the Mediterranean (ANTARES, NEMO and NESTOR) are partners in an effort to design, and build such a km^3 size neutrino telescope, the KM3NeT. The EU is funding a 3-year Design Study; the status of the Design Study is presented and some technical issues are discussed.

P. A. Rapidis; for the KM3NeT consortium

2008-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

111

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

22 22 Varnish cache server Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km resolution for Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is

112

Brazil Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

40km) from INPE 40km) from INPE Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Global horizontal solar radiation in kWh/m2/day for 1 year organized into cells with 40km x 40km (Purpose): To provide a set of consistent, reliable, verifiable, and accessible global data sets for international and in-country investors and other stakeholders (Supplemental Information): The BRASIL-SR model and the SPRING software (both developed by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files. The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed through the evaluation of the deviations shown by the estimated values for solar radiation flux vis-à-vis the values measured at the surface (ground truth). This evaluation was done in two phases. The first phase consisted in an inter-comparison between the core radiation transfer models adopted by the SWERA Project to map the solar energy in the various countries participating in the project. The HELIOSAT model took art in this phase like benchmark due to its employment to map solar energy resources in countries from European Union. In the second phase, the solar flux estimates provided by the BRASIL-SR model were compared with measured values acquired at several solarimetric stations spread along the Brazilian territory.

113

Solar: annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km resolution global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km resolution for Cuba from SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate solar collectors for Cuba (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a horizontal flat-plate solar collector, such as a Photovoltaic (PV) solar panel. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 10 km by 10 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as kilowatt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from the State University of New York's (SUNY) GOES satellite solar model. This model uses information on hourly satellite observed visible irradiance, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total of the normal or beam insolation falling on a tracking concentrator pointed

114

A Baroclinic Tide in the Eastern North Pacific Determined from 1000-km Acoustic Transmissions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the summer of 1989 a 1000-km acoustic experiment in the eastern North Pacific showed a semidiurnal variation in pulse travel time that was coherent in depth and varied systematically across time fronts. The effect of a single-plane wave, ...

Charles Bracher; Stanley M. Flatt

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Basin-Scale Tomography: Synoptic Measurements of a 4000-km Length Section in the Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pulse-like acoustic transmissions (133 Hz, 60 ms resolution), between a bottom-mounted source near Oahu and a bottom-mounted receiver at about 4000 km range near the coast of Northern California, are recorded during a 5-day interval in 1983 and a ...

John L. Spiesberger; Paul J. Bushong; Kurt Metzger; Theodore G. Birdsall

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Brazil PAR Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR 40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Photosynthetically active radiation in kWh/m2/day for 1 year organized into cells with 40km x 40km (Purpose): The BRASIL-SR model and the SPRING software (both developed by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files (Supplemental Information): The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed through the evaluation of the deviations shown by the estimated values for solar radiation flux vis-à-vis the values measured at the surface (ground truth). This evaluation was done in two phases. The first phase consisted in an inter-comparison between the core radiation transfer models adopted by the SWERA Project to map the solar energy in the various countries participating in the project. The HELIOSAT model took part in this phase like benchmark due to its employment to map solar energy resources in countries from European Union. In the second phase, the solar flux estimates provided by the BRASIL-SR model were compared with measured values acquired at several solarimetric stations spread along the Brazilian territory

117

Brazil Direct Normal Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR 40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Normal direct solar radiation in kWh/m2/day for 1 year organized into cells with 40km x 40km (Purpose): To provide a set of consistent, reliable, verifiable, and accessible global data sets for international and in-country investors and other stakeholders (Supplemental Information): The BRASIL-SR model and the SPRING software (both developed by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files. The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed through the evaluation of the deviations shown by the estimated values for solar radiation flux vis-à-vis the values measured at the surface (ground truth). This evaluation was done in two phases. The first phase consisted in an inter-comparison between the core radiation transfer models adopted by the SWERA Project to map the solar energy in the various countries participating in the project. The HELIOSAT model took part in this phase like benchmark due to its employment to map solar energy resources in countries from European Union. In the second phase, the solar flux estimates provided by the BRASIL-SR model were compared with measured values acquired at several solarimetric stations spread along the Brazilian territory.

118

Brazil Direct Normal Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR 10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Normal direct solar radiation in kWh/m2/day for 1 year organized into cells with 10km x 10km (Purpose): The BRASIL-SR model and the SPRING software (both developed by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files (Supplemental Information): The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed through the evaluation of the deviations shown by the estimated values for solar radiation flux vis-à-vis the values measured at the surface (ground truth). This evaluation was done in two phases. The first phase consisted in an inter-comparison between the core radiation transfer models adopted by the SWERA Project to map the solar energy in the various countries participating in the project. The HELIOSAT model took part in this phase like benchmark due to its employment to map solar energy resources in countries from European Union. In the second phase, the solar flux estimates provided by the BRASIL-SR model were compared with measured values acquired at several solarimetric stations spread along the Brazilian territory

119

Brazil Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

10km) from INPE 10km) from INPE Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Global horizontal solar radiation in kWh/m2/day for 1 year organized into cells with 10km x 10km (Purpose): The BRASIL-SR model and the SPRING software (both developed by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files (Supplemental Information): The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed through the evaluation of the deviations shown by the estimated values for solar radiation flux vis-à-vis the values measured at the surface (ground truth). This evaluation was done in two phases. The first phase consisted in an inter-comparison between the core radiation transfer models adopted by the SWERA Project to map the solar energy in the various countries participating in the project. The HELIOSAT model took part in this phase like benchmark due to its employment to map solar energy resources in countries from European Union. In the second phase, the solar flux estimates provided by the BRASIL-SR model were compared with measured values acquired at several solarimetric stations spread along the Brazilian territory

120

Brazil PAR Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR 10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Photosynthetically active radiation in kWh/m2/day for 1 year organized into cells with 10km x 10km (Purpose): The BRASIL-SR model and the SPRING software (both developed by INPE -National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files (Supplemental Information): The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed through the evaluation of the deviations shown by the estimated values for solar radiation flux vis-à-vis the values measured at the surface (ground truth). This evaluation was done in two phases. The first phase consisted in an inter-comparison between the core radiation transfer models adopted by the SWERA Project to map the solar energy in the various countries participating in the project. The HELIOSAT model took part in this phase like benchmark due to its employment to map solar energy resources in countries from European Union. In the second phase, the solar flux estimates provided by the BRASIL-SR model were compared with measured values acquired at several solarimetric stations spread along the Brazilian territory

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kg kilogram km" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Km3NeT, a Deep Sea Challenge for Neutrino Astronomy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The groups presently pursuing neutrino telescope projects in the Mediterranean Sea; ANTARES, NEMO, and NESTOR, have formed the new KM3NeT consortium to study the construction of a cubic kilometre-scale neutrino telescope for the Northern hemisphere. ...

Ciro Bigongiari

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Brazil Latitude Tilted Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR 10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Latitude tilted solar radiation in kWh/m2/day for 1 year organized into cells with 10km x 10km (Purpose): The BRASIL-SR model and the SPRING software (both developed by INPE -National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files (Supplemental Information): The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed through the evaluation of the deviations shown by the estimated values for solar radiation flux vis-à-vis the values measured at the surface (ground truth). This evaluation was done in two phases. The first phase consisted in an inter-comparison between the core radiation transfer models adopted by the SWERA Project to map the solar energy in the various countries participating in the project. The HELIOSAT model took part in this phase like benchmark due to its employment to map solar energy resources incountries from European Union. In the second phase, the solar flux estimates providedby the BRASIL-SR model were compared with measured values acquired at several solarimetric stations spread along the Brazilian territory

123

Lunar Tidal Winds Measured in the Upper Atmosphere (78105 km) at Saskatoon, Canada  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Six years of winds data measured by the partial reflection drifts technique have been analyzed for lunar tides. Data are available at 3 km intervals of height and are separately analyzed in two year datasets to cheek consistency. A month-by-month ...

R. J. Stening; C. E. Meek; A. H. Manson

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Mesoscale (50100 km) Circulations Revealed by Inverse and Classical Analysis of the JASIN Hydrographic Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inverse analysis (Wunsch, 1978) has been applied to two 10-day surveys of an area 15 km consisting of nearly 100 CTD stations, in order to determine the velocity field with a horizontal resolution of 45 km.

R. T. Pollard

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Solar: monthly global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central America from SUNY Central America from SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate solar collectors for Central America (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a horizontal flat-plate solar collector, such as a Photovoltaic (PV) solar panel. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 10 km by 10 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as kilowatt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from the State University of New York's (SUNY) GOES satellite solar model.

126

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

601 601 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142256601 Varnish cache server Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km resolution for Ethiopia from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for Ethiopia for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country.

127

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brazil from NREL Brazil from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for Brazil. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

128

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya from NREL Kenya from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Kenya. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

129

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal from NREL Nepal from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Nepal. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

130

Solar: monthly and annual average latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from NREL Ghana from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for flat-plate collectors tilted at latitude for Ghana. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to

131

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia from NREL Ethiopia from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Ethiopia. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

132

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal from NREL Nepal from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for Nepal. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

133

Single-Column Modeling D. A. Randall and K.-M. Xu Colorado State University  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

D. A. Randall and K.-M. Xu D. A. Randall and K.-M. Xu Colorado State University Department of Atmospheric Science Fort Collins, CO 80523 Introduction Our ARM project consists of developing and demonstrating improved cloud formation parameterizations by using both a single-column model (SCM) and a cumulus ensemble model (CEM), together with ARM data. These two models can be driven with "large-scale forcing" (e.g., vertical motion) as observed in ARM; each model produces a field of clouds and the associated radiation and precipitation fields. The SCM does so through its physical parameterizations, while the CEM does so by "directly simulating" convective cloud circulations. The improved parameterizations tested in this way will be further tested and applied in the Colorado State University (CSU) general

134

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from NREL Ghana from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Ghana. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

135

Solar: monthly and annual average latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands from NREL Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for flat-plate collectors tilted at latitude, for Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented due south at an angle from horizontal equal to the latitude of the collector location. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The

136

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from NREL Ghana from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for Ghana. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

137

Solar: monthly direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km resolution for Central  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for Central for Central America from SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Central America. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 10 km by 10 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as kilowatt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from the State University of New York's (SUNY) GOES satellite solar model. This

138

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brazil from NREL Brazil from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Brazil. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

139

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya from NREL Kenya from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for Kenya. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

140

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka from NREL Sri Lanka from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors, for Sri Lanka (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kg kilogram km" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

49031 49031 Varnish cache server Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km resolution for China from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for China. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to

142

The Sound Emission Board of the KM3NeT Acoustic Positioning System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the sound emission board proposed for installation in the acoustic positioning system of the future KM3NeT underwater neutrino telescope. The KM3NeT European consortium aims to build a multi-cubic kilometre underwater neutrino telescope in the deep Mediterranean Sea. In this kind of telescope the mechanical structures holding the optical sensors, which detect the Cherenkov radiation produced by muons emanating from neutrino interactions, are not completely rigid and can move up to dozens of meters in undersea currents. Knowledge of the position of the optical sensors to an accuracy of about 10 cm is needed for adequate muon track reconstruction. A positioning system based on the acoustic triangulation of sound transit time differences between fixed seabed emitters and receiving hydrophones attached to the kilometre-scale vertical flexible structures carrying the optical sensors is being developed. In this paper, we describe the sound emission board developed in the framework of KM3NeT project, whi...

Llorens, C D; Sogorb, T; Bou--Cabo, M; Martnez-Mora, J A; Larosa, G; Adrin-Martnez, S

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Manufacturing Overview  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

..............................................................................17 Figure 18: Truck Featuring a Delphi SOFC APU Solutions SOFC Solid oxide fuel cell kg Kilogram TGC The Gas Company km/h Kilometer per hour UAV Unmanned fuel cells (SOFC) for residential use. In South Korea, a new government program is supporting up to 80

144

Quantum key distribution over 25 km with an all-fiber continuous-variable system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the implementation of a reverse-reconciliated coherent-state continuous-variable quantum key distribution system, with which we generated secret keys at a rate of more than 2 kb/s over 25 km of optical fiber. Time multiplexing is used to transmit both the signal and phase reference in the same optical fiber. Our system includes all experimental aspects required for a field implementation of a quantum key distribution setup. Real-time reverse reconciliation is achieved by using fast and efficient LDPC error correcting codes.

Jerome Lodewyck; Matthieu Bloch; Raul Garcia-Patron; Simon Fossier; Evgueni Karpov; Eleni Diamanti; Thierry Debuisschert; Nicolas J. Cerf; Rosa Tualle-Brouri; Steven W. McLaughlin; Philippe Grangier

2007-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

145

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands from NREL Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors, for Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to the model. The local cloud cover can vary significantly even within a single grid cell as a result of terrain effects and other microclimate

146

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia from NREL Ethiopia from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for Ethiopia. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to the

147

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China from NREL China from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for China. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to the model. The local cloud cover can vary significantly even within a single grid cell as a result of terrain effects and other microclimate influences. Furthermore, the uncertainty of the modeled estimates increase with distance from reliable measurement sources and with the complexity of the terrain.

148

Solar: monthly and annual average latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China from NREL China from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for flat-plate collectors tilted at latitude for China. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented due south at an angle from horizontal equal to the latitude of the collector location. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations

149

A Simulation of a Squall Line Using a Nonhydrostatic Cloud Model with a 5-km Horizontal Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A three-dimensional nonhydrostatic cloud model is used to simulate the squall line observed in central Texas on 11 April 1979. The cloud model covers an area 400 400 km2 with a 5-km horizontal resolution and is supplied initial and boundary ...

Richard S. Hemler; Frank B. Lipps; Bruce B. Ross

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Developing an organizational attributes-based continuous-learning KM model for knowledge-intensive small firms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we draw on the knowledge market analogy and integrate the considerations of organizational culture and attributes, knowledge management (KM) guiding principles and continuous learning-based systems development into the design of a model ... Keywords: KM guiding principles, continuous learning, knowledge intensive firms, knowledge management, knowledge market, organizational culture

Pi-Sheng Deng

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

sup2kg.PDF  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

78. Domestic Refinery Distillation Base Capacity, Expansion, and Utilization (1 of 1) 78. Domestic Refinery Distillation Base Capacity, Expansion, and Utilization (1 of 1) (Million of Barrels per Day) 1998- 1998 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 PAD District I Base Capacity 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 0.3% Capacity Additions 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 -1.4% Total Capacity 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 0.2% Utilization 94.0 92.0 94.0 94.0 94.0 94.0 94.0 94.0 94.0 94.0 94.0 94.0 94.0 94.0 94.0 94.0 94.0 94.0 94.0 94.0 94.0 94.0 0.0% PAD Districts II to IV Base Capacity 11.3 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.6 11.6 0.1% Capacity Additions

152

Wind: wind power density maps at 50m above ground and 1km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

924 924 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142257924 Varnish cache server Wind: wind power density maps at 50m above ground and 1km resolution for Central America from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): 50 m wind power density (W/m2) maps of Central America. (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential within the following countries in Central America: Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. Source NREL Date Released June 30th, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Central America GIS maps NREL SWERA UNEP wind Data application/zip icon Download Maps (zip, 2.2 MiB) Quality Metrics

153

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia from DLR Ethiopia from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for Ethiopia for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the documentation file for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR Ethiopia GEF GHI GIS solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 2.8 MiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 5.6 MiB)

154

Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7018 7018 Varnish cache server Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km resolution for Ghana from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Raster GIS data, exported as BIL file, 50 m wind power density for Ghana. Note: BIL files can be converted to raster data in ArcInfo using the IMAGEGRID command. (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential in Ghana. Values range from 0 to 620 meters. (Supplemental Information):***** Spatial Reference Information (Beg) *****Projection ParametersCoordinate System:Projection Transverse MercatorZunits W/m2Units MetersSpheroid: WGS84ParametersScale factor at central meridian: 1.0000Longitude of central meridian: -1 0 0.0Latitude of origin: 8 0 0.0False easting: 0False northing: 0Spatial InformationRaster:Number of Columns:

155

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal from DLR Nepal from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for Nepal for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR GEF GHI GIS Nepal solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 593.8 KiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 1.2 MiB)

156

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka from DLR Sri Lanka from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for Sri Lanka for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR GHI GIS solar Sri Lanka SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 296.1 KiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 153.7 KiB)

157

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China from DLR China from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for China for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords China CRED CREIA DLR DNI GEF GIS solar SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 8.8 MiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 4.4 MiB)

158

Solar: monthly global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bangladesh from DLR Bangladesh from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for Bangladesh for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Bangladesh DLR GEF GHI GIS solar SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 916.5 KiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 479.3 KiB)

159

File:NREL-afg-10km-tilt.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

tilt.pdf tilt.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Afghanistan - Annual Flat Plate Tilted at Latitude Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 468 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Afghanistan - Annual Flat Plate Tilted at Latitude Description Afghanistan - Annual Flat Plate Tilted at Latitude Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-PV, Solar-10km Creation Date 2007-06-01 Extent International Countries Afghanistan UN Region Southern Asia File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 15:30, 14 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 15:30, 14 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (468 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

160

File:NREL-afg-10km-glo.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

glo.pdf glo.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Afghanistan - Annual Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 469 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Afghanistan - Annual Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Description Afghanistan - Annual Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-GHI, Solar-10km Creation Date 2007-06-01 Extent International Countries Afghanistan UN Region Southern Asia File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 15:30, 14 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 15:30, 14 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (469 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kg kilogram km" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Documentation of high resolution solar resource assessment (10km) for Kenya  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya Kenya provided by DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Documentation of the satellite-based high resolution solar resource assessment for Kenya provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global horizontal and direct normal irradiance (GHI and DNI) for the year 2000, 2001 and 2002. Additionally, for selected sites hourly values of GHI and DNI are provided.The Documentation gives an overview about the used input data and used methodology, shows example maps and describes a comparison with ground data (if provided by the country) (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. For the selected sites, the hourly time series can be used for the simulation of Photovoltaic (PV)-systems or Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)-systems.

162

Documentation of high resolution solar resource assessment (10km) for Nepal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal Nepal provided by DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Documentation of the satellite-based high resolution solar resource assessment for Nepal provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global horizontal and direct normal irradiance (GHI and DNI) for the year 2000, 2002 and 2003. Additionally, for selected sites hourly values of GHI and DNI are provided.The Documentation gives an overview about the used input data and used methodology, shows example maps and describes a comparison with ground data (if provided by the country) (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. For the selected sites, the hourly time series can be used for the simulation of Photovoltaic (PV)-systems or Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)-systems.

163

Solar: monthly direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for for Bangladesh from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for Bangladesh for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Bangladesh DLR DNI GEF solar SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 915.2 KiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 488 KiB)

164

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya from DLR Kenya from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for Kenya for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI GEF GIS Kenya solar SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 2.5 MiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 1.3 MiB)

165

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from DLR Ghana from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for Ghana for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI Ghana solar SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 1 MiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 519.6 KiB)

166

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

West China from DLR West China from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for China for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords China CRED CREIA DLR GHI GIS solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 4.4 MiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 8.9 MiB)

167

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from DLR Ghana from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for Ghana for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the documentation file for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR Ghana GHI GIS solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 504 KiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 1 MiB)

168

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal from DLR Nepal from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for Nepal for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI GIS Nepal solar SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 1.2 MiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 600.4 KiB)

169

Documentation of high resolution solar resource assessment (10km) for China  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China China provided by DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Documentation of the satellite-based high resolution solar resource assessment for China provided by DLR. The high resolution solar data (10kmx10km) provide country maps of the annual and monthly sums of hourly global horizontal and direct normal irradiance (GHI and DNI) for the year 2000, 2002 and 2003. Additionally, for selected sites hourly values of GHI and DNI are provided.The Documentation gives an overview about the used input data and used methodology, shows example maps and describes a comparison with ground data (if provided by the country) (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. For the selected sites, the hourly time series can be used for the simulation of Photovoltaic (PV)-systems or Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)-systems.

170

Sensitivity of an underwater Cerenkov km3 telescope to TeV neutrinos from Galactic Microquasars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper are presented the results of Monte Carlo simulations on the capability of the proposed NEMO-km$^3$ telescope to detect TeV muon neutrinos from Galactic microquasars. For each known microquasar we compute the number of detectable events, together with the atmospheric neutrino and muon background events. We also discuss the detector sensitivity to neutrino fluxes expected from known microquasars, optimizing the event selection also to reject the background; the number of events surviving the event selection are given. The best candidates are the steady microquasars SS433 and GX339-4 for which we estimate a sensitivity of about $5\\cdot10^{-11}$ erg/cm$^2$ s; the predicted fluxes are expected to be well above this sensitivity. For bursting microquasars the most interesting candidates are Cygnus X-3, GRO J1655-40 and XTE J1118+480: their analyses are more complicated because of the stochastic nature of the bursts.

C. Distefano; the NEMO Collaboration

2006-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

171

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka from DLR Sri Lanka from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for Sri Lanka for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI GEF GIS solar Sri Lanka SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 155.1 KiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 295.7 KiB)

172

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya from DLR Kenya from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for Kenya for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the documentation file for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR GEF GHI GIS Kenya NREL solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 1.3 MiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 2.5 MiB)

173

A Search for sub-km KBOs with the Method of Serendipitous Stellar Occultations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The results of a search for sub-km Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs) with the method of serendipitous stellar occultations are reported. Photometric time series were obtained on the 1.8m telescope at the Dominion Astrophysical Observatory (DAO) in Victoria, BC, and were analyzed for the presence of occultation events. Observations were performed at 40 Hz and included a total of 5.0 star-hours for target stars in the ecliptic open cluster M35 (beta=0.9deg), and 2.1 star-hours for control stars in the off-ecliptic open cluster M34 (beta=25.7deg). To evaluate the recovery fraction of the analysis method, and thereby determine the limiting detectable size, artificial occultation events were added to simulated time series (1/f scintillation-like power-spectra), and to the real data. No viable candidate occultation events were detected. This limits the cumulative surface density of KBOs to 3.5e10 deg^{-2} (95% confidence) for KBOs brighter than m_R=35.3 (larger than ~860m in diameter, assuming a geometric albedo of 0.04 and a distance of 40 AU). An evaluation of TNO occultations reported in the literature suggests that they are unlikely to be genuine, and an overall 95%-confidence upper limit on the surface density of 2.8e9 deg^{-2} is obtained for KBOs brighter than m_R=35 (larger than ~1 km in diameter, assuming a geometric albedo of 0.04 and a distance of 40 AU) when all existing surveys are combined.

S. J. Bickerton; J. J. Kavelaars; D. L. Welch

2008-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

174

A Search for sub-km KBOs with the Method of Serendipitous Stellar Occultations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The results of a search for sub-km Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs) with the method of serendipitous stellar occultations are reported. Photometric time series were obtained on the 1.8m telescope at the Dominion Astrophysical Observatory (DAO) in Victoria, BC, and were analyzed for the presence of occultation events. Observations were performed at 40 Hz and included a total of 5.0 star-hours for target stars in the ecliptic open cluster M35 (beta=0.9deg), and 2.1 star-hours for control stars in the off-ecliptic open cluster M34 (beta=25.7deg). To evaluate the recovery fraction of the analysis method, and thereby determine the limiting detectable size, artificial occultation events were added to simulated time series (1/f scintillation-like power-spectra), and to the real data. No viable candidate occultation events were detected. This limits the cumulative surface density of KBOs to 3.5e10 deg^{-2} (95% confidence) for KBOs brighter than m_R=35.3 (larger than ~860m in diameter, assuming a geometric albedo of 0.04 a...

Bickerton, S J; Welch, D L

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

A single sub-km Kuiper Belt object from a stellar Occultation in archival data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Kuiper belt is a remnant of the primordial Solar System. Measurements of its size distribution constrain its accretion and collisional history, and the importance of material strength of Kuiper belt objects (KBOs). Small, sub-km sized, KBOs elude direct detection, but the signature of their occultations of background stars should be detectable. Observations at both optical and X-ray wavelengths claim to have detected such occultations, but their implied KBO abundances are inconsistent with each other and far exceed theoretical expectations. Here, we report an analysis of archival data that reveals an occultation by a body with a 500 m radius at a distance of 45 AU. The probability of this event to occur due to random statistical fluctuations within our data set is about 2%. Our survey yields a surface density of KBOs with radii larger than 250 m of 2.1^{+4.8}_{-1.7} x 10^7 deg^{-2}, ruling out inferred surface densities from previous claimed detections by more than 5 sigma. The fact that we detected only ...

Schlichting, H E; Wenz, M; Sari, R; Gal-Yam, A; Livio, M; Nelan, E; Zucker, S

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Practical Point-to-Point Free-Space Quantum Key Distribution over 1/2 KM  

SciTech Connect

We have demonstrated point-to-point single-photon quantum key distribution (QKD) over a free-space optical path of {approximately}475 m under daylight conditions. This represents an increase of >1,000 times farther than any reported point-to-point demonstration, and >6 times farther than the previous folded path daylight demonstration. We expect to extend the daylight range to 2 km or more within the next few months. A brief description of the system is given here. The QKD transmitter, a.k.a. ''Alice'' (Fig. 1), consists of three thermoelectrically cooled diode lasers, a single interference filter (IF), two optical attenuators, two linear polarizers, two non-polarization beam-splitters (BSs), and a 27x beam expander. The two data-lasers' (dim-lasers') wavelengths are temperature controlled and constrained by the IF to {approximately}773 {+-} 0.5 nm, while the transmitted wavelength of the bright-laser (timing-laser) is {approximately}768 nm; the data-lasers are configured to emit a weak pulse of approximately 1 ns duration. The transmitter incorporates no active polarization switching--a first in QKD.

Buttler, W.T.; Hughes, R.J.; Kwiat, P.G.; Lamoreaux, S.K.; Morgan, G.L.; Peterson, C.G.

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Detection of chlorine with concentration of 0.18 kg/m{sup 3} in concrete by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The chlorine concentration in concrete samples was measured by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). One or two pulsed second harmonic Nd:YAG lasers ({lambda}=532 nm) were used for the generation of laser-induced breakdown, and an intensified CCD camera, spectrometer, and optical bundle fiber were used for spectral measurement. To maximize the spectral intensity of the chlorine fluorescence line at a wavelength of 837.59 nm, the time delay between laser irradiation and spectral measurement, the time delay between the two laser pulses in double-pulse measurement, and the gate width of the spectral measurement were optimized. The linear relationship between the spectral intensity of the chlorine fluorescence line and the chlorine concentration was verified for pressed samples with chlorine concentrations from 0.18 to 5.4 kg/m{sup 3}. The signal-to-noise ratio was higher than 2 for the sample with a chlorine concentration of 0.18 kg/m{sup 3} (0.008 wt. %). Thus, a chlorine concentration of 0.6 kg/m{sup 3}, at which the reinforcing bars in concrete structures start to corrode, can be detected. These results show that LIBS is effective for the quantitative measurement of chlorine concentration in concrete with high sensitivity.

Sugiyama, K.; Fujii, T.; Matsumura, T.; Shiogama, Y.; Yamaguchi, M.; Nemoto, K.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Future Change of Western North Pacific Typhoons: Projections by a 20-km-Mesh Global Atmospheric Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Projected future changes in tropical cyclone (TC) activity over the western North Pacific (WNP) under the Special Report on Emissions Scenarios (SRES) A1B emission scenario were investigated using a 20-km-mesh, very-high-resolution Meteorological ...

Hiroyuki Murakami; Bin Wang; Akio Kitoh

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Biogeochemistry of Carbon in the Amazonian Floodplains over a 2000-km Reach: Insights from a Process-Based Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of Amazonian floodplains on the hydrological, sedimentary, and biogeochemical river budget was investigated over a 2000-km reach. A process-based model relying on the closure of chemical fluxes and isotopic signals was implemented. ...

Vincent Bustillo; Reynaldo Luiz Victoria; Jose Mauro Sousa de Moura; Daniel de Castro Victoria; Andre Marcondes Andrade Toledo; Erich Colicchio

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Simulation of the Recent Multidecadal Increase of Atlantic Hurricane Activity Using an 18-km-Grid Regional Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, a new modeling framework for simulating Atlantic hurricane activity is introduced. The model is an 18-km-grid nonhydrostatic regional model, run over observed specified SSTs and nudged toward observed time-varying large-scale ...

Thomas R. Knutson; Joseph J. Sirutis; Stephen T. Garner; Isaac M. Held; Robert E. Tuleya

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kg kilogram km" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

An observation-based investigation of nudging in WRF for downscaling surface climate information to 12-km grid spacing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous research has demonstrated the ability to use the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model and contemporary dynamical downscaling methods to refine global climate modeling results to a horizontal grid spacing of 36 km. Environmental ...

O. Russell Bullock Jr.; Kiran Alapaty; Jerold A. Herwehe; Megan S. Mallard; Tanya L. Otte; Robert C. Gilliam; Christopher G. Nolte

182

The Regional Analysis System for the Operational Early Eta Model: Original 80-km Configuration and Recent Changes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The analysis component of the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) operational early 80-km eta model, as implemented in July 1993, is described. This optimum interpolation (OI) analysis is fully multivariate for wind and ...

Eric Rogers; Dennis G. Deaven; Geoffrey S. Dimego

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Property:FirstWellFlowRate | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Property Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Property:FirstWellFlowRate Jump to: navigation, search Property Name FirstWellFlowRate Property Type Quantity Use this type to express a quantity of flow rate by mass. The default unit is kilogram per second (kg/s). Acceptable units (and their conversions) are: Kilogram per second - 1 kg/s,kilogram per second Kilogram per minute - 60 kg/min,kilogram per minute Kilogram per hour - 3600 kg/hour,kilogram per hour,kg/h Kilogram per day - 86400 kg/day,kilogram per day Liter per second - 1.0000000001 L/s,l/s,liters per second,l/sec,L/sec,liters/sec,Liters/sec Gallon per minute - 15.85032 gal/min,gallons per minute,gpm,gallons/min,Gallons/min Barrel per minute - 0.00839 bar/min,barrels per minute,barrel/min,barrels/min,Barrels/min

184

The Kilogram and Measurements of Mass and Force  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... that the mass of the check standard does not change from ... of the density of moist air (1981/91), Metrologia ... [12] RD Deslattes, Proceedings of course ...

2013-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

185

Instructions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 56, rad, radian. 57, kg/m, kilogram per cubic meter. 58, g/cm, grams per cubic centimeter. 59, kg/L, kilograms per liter. 60, m/s, meters per second. ...

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

186

High-fidelity transmission of polarization encoded qubits from an entangled source over 100 km of fiber  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate non-degenerate down-conversion at 810 and 1550 nm for long-distance fiber based quantum communication using polarization entangled photon pairs. Measurements of the two-photon visibility, without dark count subtraction, have shown that the quantum correlations (raw visibility 89%) allow secure quantum cryptography after 100 km of non-zero dispersion shifted fiber using commercially available single photon detectors. In addition, quantum state tomography has revealed little degradation of state negativity, decreasing from 0.99 at the source to 0.93 after 100 km, indicating minimal loss in fidelity during the transmission.

Hbel, Hannes; Lederer, Thomas; Blauensteiner, Bibiane; Lornser, Thomas; Poppe, Andreas; Zeilinger, Anton

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

High-fidelity transmission of polarization encoded qubits from an entangled source over 100 km of fiber  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate non-degenerate down-conversion at 810 and 1550 nm for long-distance fiber based quantum communication using polarization entangled photon pairs. Measurements of the two-photon visibility, without dark count subtraction, have shown that the quantum correlations (raw visibility 89%) allow secure quantum cryptography after 100 km of non-zero dispersion shifted fiber using commercially available single photon detectors. In addition, quantum state tomography has revealed little degradation of state negativity, decreasing from 0.99 at the source to 0.93 after 100 km, indicating minimal loss in fidelity during the transmission.

Hannes Hbel; Michael R. Vanner; Thomas Lederer; Bibiane Blauensteiner; Thomas Lornser; Andreas Poppe; Anton Zeilinger

2008-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

188

Dendroclimatic Reconstruction at km-scale Grid Points: A Case Study from the Great Basin of North America  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Preparing for future hydroclimatic variability greatly benefits from long (i.e., multi-century) records at seasonal to annual time steps that have been gridded at km-scale spatial intervals over a geographic region. Kriging is commonly used for ...

Franco Biondi

189

Future Change of North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Tracks: Projection by a 20-km-Mesh Global Atmospheric Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Possible future change in tropical cyclone (TC) activity over the North Atlantic (NA) was investigated by comparison of 25-yr simulations of the present-day climate and future change under the A1B emission scenario using a 20-km-mesh ...

Hiroyuki Murakami; Bin Wang

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Experimental Decoy State Quantum Key Distribution Over 15km Los Alamos e-print archive: quant-ph/0503192  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Decoy state protocols have recently been proposed as an innovative approach to improve dramatically the performance of quantum key distribution systems. Here, we present the first experimental demonstration of decoy state quantum key distribution, over 15km of Telecom fibers. 1

Yi Zhao; Bing Qi; Xiongfeng Ma; Hoi-kwong Lo; Li Qian

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

The Summer Wind Field Between 80 and 93 km Observed by the MST Radar at Poker Flat, Alaska (65N)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results of an analysis of the summertime wind field between 8093 km over Poker Flat, Alaska are presented. The data were obtained using the large, but as yet incomplete, MST radar at Poker Flat, and cover the periods 17 June13 July 1979, and 22 ...

D. A. Carter; B. B. Balsley

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Void bounds for fluid transport in sea ice K.M. Golden a,*, A.L. Heaton a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cylindrical tubes occupying a volume fraction /, k 6 /hR4 I i 8hR2 I i . ð58? This bound is again optimal the d = 2 void bounds. Consider the steady state flow of a vis- cous fluid through a cylindrical tubeVoid bounds for fluid transport in sea ice K.M. Golden a,*, A.L. Heaton a , H. Eicken b , V

Golden, Kenneth M.

193

Two-windows Ionospheric Drift Measurement at Heights 90150 km During Sporadic E-layer Occurrence Using Digisonde DPS-4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two-windows Ionospheric Drift Measurement at Heights 90­150 km During Sporadic E-layer Occurrence­2.6 MHz) we recorded plasma motion each 15 minutes also in a higher frequency window (3.2­4.7 MHz). Our-measurement on a higher sounding-frequency window 3.2­4.7 MHz (four fixed frequencies) was run every 15 minutes

Santolik, Ondrej

194

133Ba as a gamma-ray surrogate source for 1kg HEU and 10g 239Pu and 252Cf as a Neutron Surrogate for Pu  

SciTech Connect

Monte Carlo was performed for the purpose of relating gamma-ray signal strength from 1kg of HEU and 10g of {sup 239}Pu (as described in the ASTM standards) to the radiation emitted from an amount of {sup 133}Ba. A determination was made on the amount of {sup 133}Ba that could act as a surrogate for the specified amounts of HEU and Pu. {sup 133}Ba is not the ideal source to use as a surrogate for HEU because of its higher energies. {sup 133}Ba was chosen as the surrogate since it has a half-life of 10.54 years, rather then the more ideal surrogate of {sup 57}Co which has a half-life of 271 days. A similar Monte Carlo was performed for the purpose of relating neutron signal strength from 200g of Pu (as described in the ASTM standards) to the radiation emitted from an amount of shielded {sup 252}Cf. A determination was made on the amount of {sup 252}Cf necessary to act as a surrogate for the 200g of Pu. An ASTM standard source is a metallic sphere, cube, or right cylinder of SNM having maximum self-attenuation of its emitted radiation. For plutonium, the source should be at least 93% {sup 239}Pu, less than 6.5% {sup 240}Pu, and less than 0.5% impurities. A cadmium filter of at least 0.08cm thick should be used to reduce the impact of {sup 241}Am. For uranium, the source should contain at least 95% {sup 235}U and less than 0.25% impurities. For neutron detector testing, the neutron source shall be placed in a lead shielding container that reduces the gamma radiation from the source to 1% of its unshielded value.

Pohl, B A; Archer, D E

2004-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

195

Abundance, Distribution and Estimated Consumption (kg fish) of Piscivorous Birds Along the Yakima River, Washington State; Implications for Fisheries Management, 2002 Annual Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report is divided into two chapters. The abstract for chapter one is--Understanding of the abundance and spatial and temporal distributions of piscivorous birds and their potential consumption of fish is an increasingly important aspect of fisheries management. During 1999-2002, we determined the abundance and distribution and estimated the maximum consumption (kg biomass) of fish-eating birds along the length of the Yakima River in Washington State. Sixteen different species were observed during the 4-yr study, but only half of those were observed during all years. Abundance and estimated consumption of fish within the upper and middle sections of the river were dominated by common mergansers (Mergus merganser) which are known to breed in those reaches. Common mergansers accounted for 78 to 94% of the estimated total fish take for the upper river or approximately 28,383 {+-} 1,041 kg over the 4 yrs. A greater diversity of avian piscivores occurred in the lower river and potential impacts to fish populations was more evenly distributed among the species. In 1999-2000, great blue herons potentially accounted for 29 and 36% of the fish consumed, whereas in 2001-2002 American white pelicans accounted for 53 and 55%. We estimated that approximately 75,878 {+-} 6,616 kg of fish were consumed by piscivorous birds in the lower sections of the river during the study. Bird assemblages differed spatially along the river with a greater abundance of colonial nesting species within the lower sections of the river, especially during spring and the nesting season. The abundance of avian piscivores and consumption estimates are discussed within the context of salmonid supplementation efforts on the river and juvenile out-migration. The abstract for chapter two is--Consumption of fish by piscivorous birds may be a significant constraint on efforts to enhance salmonid populations within tributaries to the Columbia River in Washington State. During 1999-2002, we determined the abundance of fish-eating birds, primarily ring-billed (Larus delawarensis) and California (L. californicus) gulls and monitored their behavior at two man-made structures within the Yakima River in eastern Washington: Horn Rapids Dam, a low-head irrigation dam, and the return pipe for the Chandler Juvenile Fish Handling Facility. Earlier observations of congregations of gulls at these structures suggested an increased likelihood of predation of out-migrating juvenile salmonids. We estimated the number of fish consumed and examined the relationship between river flow and gull numbers and fish taken. Numbers of gulls at the structures varied daily between their arrival in Late March-early April and departure in late June (mean ({+-}SE) - Horn Rapids: 11.7 ({+-}2.0), Chandler: 20.1 ({+-}1.5) ). During the 4-yr study, numbers at Horn Rapids peaked dramatically during the last 2 weeks in May (between 132.9 ({+-}4.2) to 36.6 ({+-}2.2) gulls/day) and appeared to the associated with the release of > 1-mil hatchery juvenile fall chinook (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) above the 2 study sites. A comparable peak in gull abundance was not observed at Chandler. Diurnal patterns of gull abundance also varied among years and sites. The relationship between foraging efficiency and gull numbers was not consistent among years or sites. Gull numbers were not correlated with river flow when year was considered. However, variations in flow among years appeared to be associated with average gull numbers at each site, but trends were not consistent between sites. Low seasonal flows were associated with increased predation at Chandler, whereas high seasonal flows were associated with increased predation at Horn Rapids. Assuming all fish taken were salmonids, we estimate gulls consumed between 0.1-10.3 % of the juvenile salmonids passing or being released from the Chandler Juvenile Fish Monitoring Facility located above the two structures. Staggered releases of hatchery fish, nocturnal releases of fish entrained in the Chandler facility, changes in the orientation of the outflow from the f

Major, III, Walter; Grassley, James M.; Ryding, Kristen E. (University of Washington, Quantitive Ecology Program, Seattle, WA)

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Gravity Wave Propagation Characteristics (60120 km) as Determined by the Saskatoon MF Radar (Gravnet) System: 198385 at 52N, 107W  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gravity waves (GW) have been detected and their characteristics measured by observations with the Saskatoon multiple bistatic system, Gravnet. Data are available from 50 days for two height ranges 6497 km, 100115 km, and for the four seasons ...

A. H. Manson; C. E. Meek

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Appendix C  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 1 hundredweight, gross or short (cwt or net cwt). 100 pounds (exactly) 45.359 kilograms. 1 kilogram (kg), 2.205 pounds. 1 milligram (mg), 0.015 grain ...

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

198

Kinetics of fuel particle weathering and {sup 90}Sr mobility in the Chernobyl 30-km exclusion zone  

SciTech Connect

Weathering of fuel particles and the subsequent leaching of radionuclides causes {sup 90}Sr mobility in Chernobyl soils to increase with time after disposition. Studies of {sup 90}Sr speciation in soils collected in 1995 and 1996 from the Chernobyl 30-km exclusion zone have been used to calculate rates of fuel particles dissolution under natural environmental conditions. Results show that the velocity of fuel particle dissolution is primarily dependent on the physico-chemical characteristics of the particles and partially dependent on soil acidity. Compared to other areas, the fuel particle dissolution rate is significantly lower in the contaminated areas to the west of the Chernobyl reactor where deposited particles were presumably not oxidized prior to release. The data have been used to derive mathematical models that describe the rate of radionuclide leaching from fuel particles in the exclusion zone and changes in soil-to-plant transfer as a function of particle type and soil pH.

Kashparov, V.A.; Zvarich, S.I.; Protsak, V.P.; Levchuk, S.E. [Ukrainian Inst. of Agricultural Radiology, Kiev (Ukraine); Oughton, D.H. [NLH, Aas (Norway). Lab. for Analytical Chemistry

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Stable single-photon interference in a 1 km fiber-optical Mach-Zehnder interferometer with continuous phase adjustment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We experimentally demonstrate stable and user-adjustable single-photon interference in a 1 km long fiber- optical Mach-Zehnder interferometer, using an active phase control system with the feedback provided by a classical laser. We are able to continuously tune the single-photon phase difference between the interferometer arms using a phase modulator, which is synchronized with the gate window of the single-photon detectors. The phase control system employs a piezoelectric fiber stretcher to stabilize the phase drift in the interferometer. A single-photon net visibility of 0.97 is obtained, yielding future possibilities for experimental realizations of quantum repeaters in optical fibers, and violation of Bell's inequalities using genuine energy-time entanglement

Xavier, G B

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Stable single-photon interference in a 1 km fiber-optical Mach-Zehnder interferometer with continuous phase adjustment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We experimentally demonstrate stable and user-adjustable single-photon interference in a 1 km long fiber- optical Mach-Zehnder interferometer, using an active phase control system with the feedback provided by a classical laser. We are able to continuously tune the single-photon phase difference between the interferometer arms using a phase modulator, which is synchronized with the gate window of the single-photon detectors. The phase control system employs a piezoelectric fiber stretcher to stabilize the phase drift in the interferometer. A single-photon net visibility of 0.97 is obtained, yielding future possibilities for experimental realizations of quantum repeaters in optical fibers, and violation of Bell's inequalities using genuine energy-time entanglement

G. B. Xavier; J. P. von der Weid

2011-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kg kilogram km" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Search for acoustic signals from ultrahigh energy neutrinos in 1500 km{sup 3} of sea water  

SciTech Connect

An underwater acoustic sensor array spanning {approx}1500 km{sup 3} is used to search for cosmic-ray neutrinos of ultrahigh energies ( E{sub {nu}>}10{sup 18} eV). Approximately 328 million triggers accumulated over an integrated 130 days of data taking are analyzed. The sensitivity of the experiment is determined from a Monte Carlo simulation of the array using recorded noise conditions and expected waveforms. Two events are found to have properties compatible with showers in the energy range 10{sup 24} eV

Kurahashi, Naoko; Gratta, Giorgio [Departments of Physics and Applied Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Vandenbroucke, Justin [Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Department of Physics (United States) and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Variability in Soil Properties at Different Spatial Scales (1 m to 1 km) in a Deciduous Forest Ecosystem  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this research was to test the hypothesis that variability in 11 soil properties, related to soil texture and soil C and N, would increase from small (1 m) to large (1 km) spatial scales in a temperate, mixed-hardwood forest ecosystem in east Tennessee, USA. The results were somewhat surprising and indicated that a fundamental assumption in geospatial analysis, namely that variability increases with increasing spatial scale, did not apply for at least five of the 11 soil properties measured over a 0.5-km2 area. Composite mineral soil samples (15 cm deep) were collected at 1, 5, 10, 50, 250, and 500 m distances from a center point along transects in a north, south, east, and westerly direction. A null hypothesis of equal variance at different spatial scales was rejected (P{le}0.05) for mineral soil C concentration, silt content, and the C-to-N ratios in particulate organic matter (POM), mineral-associated organic matter (MOM), and whole surface soil. Results from different tests of spatial variation, based on coefficients of variation or a Mantel test, led to similar conclusions about measurement variability and geographic distance for eight of the 11 variables examined. Measurements of mineral soil C and N concentrations, C concentrations in MOM, extractable soil NH{sub 4}-N, and clay contents were just as variable at smaller scales (1-10 m) as they were at larger scales (50-500 m). On the other hand, measurement variation in mineral soil C-to-N ratios, MOM C-to-N ratios, and the fraction of soil C in POM clearly increased from smaller to larger spatial scales. With the exception of extractable soil NH4-N, measured soil properties in the forest ecosystem could be estimated (with 95% confidence) to within 15% of their true mean with a relatively modest number of sampling points (n{le}25). For some variables, scaling up variation from smaller to larger spatial domains within the ecosystem could be relatively easy because small-scale variation may be indicative of variation at larger scales.

Garten Jr, Charles T [ORNL; Kang, S. [University of Oklahoma; Brice, Deanne Jane [ORNL; Schadt, Christopher Warren [ORNL; Zhou, Jizhong [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

High-Resolution Simulation of Mean Convection and Its Intraseasonal Variability over the Tropics in the MRI/JMA 20-km Mesh AGCM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropical mean convection and its organization on different spatiotemporal scales in a simulation using the Meteorological Research Institute/Japan Meteorological Agency (MRI/JMA) global atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) at 20-km ...

K. Rajendran; A. Kitoh; R. Mizuta; S. Sajani; T. Nakazawa

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Horizontal Variability in 10 m Wind Velocities as Observed at Two Prairie Sites Separated by a Distance of 7.5 km  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is important to assess the representativeness of mesoscale wind data because most short range pollution models assume that wind velocity will remain constant over distances in the order of 10 km. Previous observational studies have shown that ...

D. M. Leahey; M. C. Hansen; M. B. Schroeder

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Association of Tropical Cirrus in the 1015-km Layer with Deep Convective Sources: An Observational Study Combining Millimeter Radar Data and Satellite-Derived Trajectories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, millimeter cloud radar (MMCR) and Geosynchronous Meteorological Satellite (GMS) data are combined to study the properties of tropical cirrus that are common in the 1015-km layer of the tropical troposphere in the western Pacific. ...

Gerald G. Mace; Min Deng; Brian Soden; Ed Zipser

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Fifty-Seven-Year California Reanalysis Downscaling at 10 km (CaRD10). Part I: System Detail and Validation with Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For the purpose of producing datasets for regional-scale climate change research and application, the NCEPNCAR reanalysis for the period 19482005 was dynamically downscaled to hourly, 10-km resolution over California using the Regional Spectral ...

Masao Kanamitsu; Hideki Kanamaru

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Solar wind iron abundance variations at solar wind speeds > 600 km s/sup -1/, 1972 to 1976  

SciTech Connect

We have analyzed the Fe/H ratios in the peaks of high speed streams (HSS) during the decline of Solar Cycle 20 and the following minimum (October 1972 to December 1976). We utilized the response of the 50 to 200 keV ion channel of the APL/JHU energetic particle experiment (EPE) onIMP-7 and 8 to solar wind iron ions at high solar wind speeds (V greater than or equal to 600 km sec/sup -1/), and compared our Fe measurements with solar wind H and He parameters from the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) instruments on the same spacecraft. In general, the Fe distribution parameters (bulk velocity, flow direction, temperature) are found to be similar to the LANL He parameters. Although the average Fe/H ration in many steady HSS peaks agrees within observational uncertainties with the nominal coronal ratio of 4.7 x 10/sup -5/, abundance variations of a factor of up to 6 are obtained across a given coronal-hole associated HSS. There are, as well, factor of 2 variations between stream-averaged abundances for recurent HSS emanating from different coronal holes occurring on the sun on the same solar rotation. flare-related solar wind streams sometimes show Fe/H ratios enhanced by factors of 4 to 5 over coronal-hole associated, quite time streams. Over the period 1973 to 1976, a steady decrease in the average quitetime Fe/H ratio by a ractor approx. 4 is measured on both IMP-7 and 8.

Mitchell, D.G.; Roelof, E.C.; Bame, S.J.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Expedition to the 30-km Chernobyl Exclusion Zone and the Utilization of its Experience in Education and Communication  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Between May 28 - June 4, 2005, under the organization of the Hungarian Nuclear Society (HNS) and the Hungarian Young Generation Network (HYGN) - which operates within the framework of the HNS - a scientific expedition visited the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant and the surrounding exclusion zone. The participants were young Hungarian nuclear professionals supervised by more experienced experts. The main scientific goals of the expedition were the followings: Get personal experiences in a direct way about the current status of the Chernobyl Power Plant and its surroundings, the contamination of the environment and about the doses. Gather information about the state of the shut down power plant and the shelter built above the damaged 4. unit. Training of young nuclear experts by performing on site measurements. The Hungarian expedition successfully achieved its objectives by performing wide-range of environmental and dosimetric measurements and collecting numerous biological and soil samples. Within the 30-km exclusion zone the influence of the accident occurred 20 years ago still could be measured clearly; however the level of the radioactivity is manageable in most places. The dosimetric measurements showed that no considerable exposure occurred among the members of the expedition. The analysis of samples has been started at the International Chernobyl Center in Slavutich. During the expedition not only environmental sampling and in-situ measurements were carried out but it was also well documented with photos and video recordings for educational, training and PR purposes. A documentary TV film was recorded during the expedition. The first-hand knowledge acquired during the expedition helps the authentic communication of the accident and its present-day consequences, which is especially important in 2006, 20 years after the Chernobyl accident. Since Ukraine and Hungary are neighbor countries the media constantly discuss the accident, the consequences and the risks of using nuclear energy. In addition in November 2005 Hungary's parliament approved plans to extend the lifetime of the country's four-unit nuclear power plant. In order to have the crucial public support for nuclear energy it is very important to dispel unrealistic dismay and misbelieves regarding these questions. Thus it is extremely beneficial to have a film on this topic created by nuclear professionals especially for the public audience. In 2005 a book on the Chernobyl accident was published in Hungary that covers this expedition in a full chapter [2]. We plan to present the film to the audience of the conference. (authors)

Aszodi, Attila; Yamaji, Bogdan [Institute of Nuclear Techniques, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, 1521 Budapest (Hungary); Silye, Judit [Hungarian Atomic Energy Authority, Nuclear Safety Directorate, H-1539 Budapest, P.O. Box 676 (Hungary); Pazmandi, Tamas [KFKI Atomic Energy Research Institute, H-1525 Budapest 114, P.O.B. 49. (Hungary)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Helsinki Journal, Entry 33, March 18, 2007 Day 5: Following the long day, the organizers smartly put the shortest (44km). The weather  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

put the shortest (44km). The weather was perfect ­ crystal clear and calm ­ and the topography flat to the ambiance of the day. It was located on a river and the excellent sauna hut was very near to the river bank the clammy cold. The warm weather has meant a logistical challenge for the organizers as many of the river

Bardsley, John

210

Form WAMRF-008  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The International System of Units (SI) for mass is the kilogram (kg) (see Conversion Factors on page 3). The report number for this report is the only ...

2013-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

211

OpenEI - km2  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

en.openei.orgdatasetstaxonomyterm4220 en Land use requirements for ground-mounted solar power facilities. http:en.openei.orgdatasetsnode454

This dataset is part of...

212

Electron-beam processing of kilogram quantities of iridium for radioisotope thermoelectric generator applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Iridium alloys are used as fuel-cladding materials in radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs). Hardware produced at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been used in Voyagers I and 2, Galilee, and Ulysses spacecraft. An integral part of the production of iridium-sheet metal involves electron-beam (EB) processing. These processes include the degassing of powder-pressed compacts followed by multiple meltings in order to purify 500-g buttons of Ir-0.3% W alloy. Starting in 1972 and continuing into 1992, our laboratory EB processing was Performed (ca. 1970) in a 60-kW (20 kV at 3 A), two-gun system. In 1991, a new 150-kW EB gun facility was installed to complement the older unit. This paper describes how the newly installed system was qualified for production of RTG developmental work is discussed that will potentially improve the existing process by utilizing the capabilities of the new EB system.

Huxford, T.J.; Ohriner, E.K.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Electron-beam processing of kilogram quantities of iridium for radioisotope thermoelectric generator applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Iridium alloys are used as fuel-cladding materials in radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs). Hardware produced at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been used in Voyagers I and 2, Galilee, and Ulysses spacecraft. An integral part of the production of iridium-sheet metal involves electron-beam (EB) processing. These processes include the degassing of powder-pressed compacts followed by multiple meltings in order to purify 500-g buttons of Ir-0.3% W alloy. Starting in 1972 and continuing into 1992, our laboratory EB processing was Performed (ca. 1970) in a 60-kW (20 kV at 3 A), two-gun system. In 1991, a new 150-kW EB gun facility was installed to complement the older unit. This paper describes how the newly installed system was qualified for production of RTG developmental work is discussed that will potentially improve the existing process by utilizing the capabilities of the new EB system.

Huxford, T.J.; Ohriner, E.K.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

214

MHD waves detected by ice at distances > 28 x 10/sup 6/ km from Comet Halley: Cometary or solar wind origin  

SciTech Connect

Spectral analyses of the high resolution magnetic field data are employed to determine if there is evidence of cometary heavy ion pickup when ICE was closest to Halley, approx.28 x 10/sup 6/ km. No evidence is found for the presence of heavy ion cyclotron waves. However, from this search, two new wave modes are discovered in the solar wind: electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves and drift mirror mode waves. Both modes have scales of 10 to 60 s (1 to 6 T/sub p/) in the spacecraft frame. The possibility of wave generation by cometary hydrogen pickup is explored. Theoretical arguments and further experimental evidence indicates that cometary origin is improbable. The most likely source is plasma instabilities associated with solar wind stream-stream interactions. VLF electrostatic emissions are found to occur in field minima or at gradients of the drift mirror structures. Possible generation mechanisms of drift mirror mode waves, cyclotron waves and electrostatic waves are discussed.

Tsurutani, B.T.; Brinca, A.L.; Smith, E.J.; Thorne, R.M.; Scarf, F.L.; Gosling, J.T.; Ipavich, F.M.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Thermoelastic Properties of Ringwoodite [Fe_x,Mg_(1-x)]_2SiO_4: Its Relationship to the 520 km Seismic Discontinuity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We combine density functional theory (DFT) within the local density approximation (LDA), the quasiharmonic approximation (QHA), and a model vibrational density of states (VDoS) to calculate elastic moduli and sound velocities of gamma-[Fe_x,Mg_(1-x)]_2SiO_4 (ringwoodite), the most abundant mineral of the lower Earth's transition zone (TZ). Comparison with experimental values at room-temperature and high pressure or ambient-pressure and high temperature shows good agreement with our first-principles findings. Then, we investigate the contrasts associated with the beta-to-gamma-[Fe_x,Mg_(1-x)]_2SiO_4 transformation at pressures and temperatures relevant to the TZ. This information offers clearly defined reference values to advance the understanding of the nature of the 520 km seismic discontinuity.

Valdez, M Nez; Yu, Y G; Revenaugh, J; Wentzcovitch, R M

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Preprint typeset using L ATEX style emulateapj v. 10/09/06 A SEARCH FOR SUB-KM KBOS WITH THE METHOD OF SERENDIPITOUS STELLAR OCCULTATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The results of a search for sub-km Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs) with the method of serendipitous stellar occultations are reported. Photometric time series were obtained on the 1.8m telescope at the Dominion Astrophysical Observatory (DAO) in Victoria, British Columbia, and were analyzed for the presence of occultation events. Observations were performed at 40 Hz and included a total of 5.0 star-hours for target stars in the ecliptic open cluster M35 (? = 0.9 ?), and 2.1 star-hours for control stars in the off-ecliptic open cluster M34 (? = 25.7 ?). To evaluate the recovery fraction of the analysis method, and thereby determine the limiting detectable size, artificial occultation events were added to simulated time series (1/f scintillation-like power-spectra), and to the real data. No viable candidate occultation events were detected. This limits the cumulative surface density of KBOs to 3.5 10 10 deg ?2 (95 % confidence) for KBOs brighter than mR=35.3 (larger than ?860m in diameter, assuming a geometric albedo of 0.04 and a distance of 40 AU). An evaluation of TNO occultations reported in the literature suggests that they are unlikely to be genuine, and an overall 95%-confidence upper limit on the surface density of 2.8 10 9 deg ?2 is obtained for KBOs brighter than mR=35 (larger than ?1 km in diameter, assuming a geometric albedo of 0.04 and a distance of 40 AU) when all existing surveys are combined. Subject headings: occultations, Kuiper Belt, Solar System: formation 1.

S. J. Bickerton; Jj Kavelaars; D. L. Welch

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

What are the exact relative masses of...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to one another, it doesn't tell you what the actual masses of these particles are. In kilograms, the masses are: Neutron 1.6749286*10-27 kg Proton 1.6726231*10-27 kg Electron ...

218

A global coupled Eulerian-Lagrangian model and 1 1 km CO2 surface flux dataset for high-resolution atmospheric CO2 transport simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract. We designed a method to simulate atmospheric CO2 concentrations at several continuous observation sites around the globe using surface fluxes at a very high spatial resolution. The simulations presented in this study were performed using the Global Eulerian-Lagrangian Coupled Atmospheric model (GELCA), comprising a Lagrangian particle dispersion model coupled to a global atmospheric tracer transport model with prescribed global surface CO2 flux maps at a 1 1 km resolution. The surface fluxes used in the simulations were prepared by assembling the individual components of terrestrial, oceanic and fossil fuel CO2 fluxes. This experimental setup (i.e. a transport model running at a medium resolution, coupled to a high-resolution Lagrangian particle dispersion model together with global surface fluxes at a very high resolution), which was designed to represent high-frequency variations in atmospheric CO2 concentration, has not been reported at a global scale previously. Two sensitivity experiments were performed: (a) using the global transport model without coupling to the Lagrangian dispersion model, and (b) using the coupled model with a reduced resolution of surface fluxes, in order to evaluate the performance of Eulerian-Lagrangian coupling and the role of high-resolution fluxes in simulating high-frequency variations in atmospheric CO2 concentrations. A correlation analysis between observed and simulated atmospheric CO2 concentrations at selected locations revealed that the inclusion of both Eulerian-Lagrangian coupling and highresolution fluxes improves the high-frequency simulations of the model. The results highlight the potential of a coupled Eulerian-Lagrangian model in simulating high-frequency atmospheric CO2 concentrations at many locations worldwide. The model performs well in representing observations of atmospheric CO2 concentrations at high spatial and temporal resolutions, especially for coastal sites and sites located close to sources of large anthropogenic emissions. While this study focused on simulations of CO2 concentrations, the model could be used for other atmospheric compounds with known estimated emissions.

Ganshin, A [Central Aerological Observatory; Oda, T [National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan; Saito, M [National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan; Maksyutov, S [National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan; Valsala, V [National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan; Andres, Robert Joseph [ORNL; Fischer, R [University of London; Lowry, D [University of London; Lukyanov, A [Central Aerological Observatory; Matsueda, H [Meteorological Research Institute, Japan; Nisbet, E [University of London; Rigby, M [University of Bristol, UK; Sawa, Y [Meteorological Research Institute, Japan; Toumi, R [Imperial College, London; Tsuboi, K [Meteorological Research Institute, Japan; Varlagin, A [A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Russia; Zhuravlev, R [Central Aerological Observatory

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Event or Meeting Title  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Page 22. Representation Root Causes 22 Kilogram Kilogram per Sq Kilograms per D Kilograms per Cu Kilograms per Un Kilograms per Mi ...

2012-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

220

Property:PotentialBiopowerSolidMass | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Property Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Property:PotentialBiopowerSolidMass Jump to: navigation, search Property Name PotentialBiopowerSolidMass Property Type Quantity Description The potential mass of solid biopower material for a place. Use this type to express a quantity of magnitude, or an object's resistance to acceleration. The default unit is the kilogram (kg). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kilogram Acceptable units (and their conversions) are: Kilograms - 1 kg, kilo, kilogram, kilograms, Kilogram, kilogramme, kilos Grams - 1000 g, gram, gramme, grams Tonnes - 0.001 tonnes, metric tons, Tonnes, Metric Tonnes Pounds - 2.205 lbs, pounds, pound, Pounds, Lbs Stone - 0.1575 stones, st, stone Ounces - 35.27 ounces, oz, Ounces, ounce

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kg kilogram km" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Property:PotentialBiopowerGaseousMass | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PotentialBiopowerGaseousMass PotentialBiopowerGaseousMass Jump to: navigation, search Property Name PotentialBiopowerGaseousMass Property Type Quantity Description The potential mass of gaseous biopower material for a place. Use this type to express a quantity of magnitude, or an object's resistance to acceleration. The default unit is the kilogram (kg). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kilogram Acceptable units (and their conversions) are: Kilograms - 1 kg, kilo, kilogram, kilograms, Kilogram, kilogramme, kilos Grams - 1000 g, gram, gramme, grams Tonnes - 0.001 tonnes, metric tons, Tonnes, Metric Tonnes Pounds - 2.205 lbs, pounds, pound, Pounds, Lbs Stone - 0.1575 stones, st, stone Ounces - 35.27 ounces, oz, Ounces, ounce BDT - 0.001 BDT, Bone Dry Tonnes, bdt Pages using the property "PotentialBiopowerGaseousMass"

222

MT Energie GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Saxony, Germany Zip 27404 Sector Services Product MT-Energie provides both turn-key biogas plants and related components and services. Coordinates 53.295765, 9.27964 Loading...

223

32kg: performance systems for a post-digital age  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Why is a seemingly mundane issue such as airline baggage allowance of great significance in regards to the performance practice of electronic music? This paper discusses how a performance practice has evolved that seeks to question the binary and corporate ... Keywords: DIY, bastardisation, dirty electronics, eBay, live electronics, modular, performance, portability, post-digital, punktronics

John Richards

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

K.G. Duleep Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. ­ motor fuel tax exemption for hydrogen, and ­ 50% cost-sharing for regional infrastructure ­ Consumer with gasoline. All three subsidies and ZEV mandate needed. #12;Strategies for Phase 2 FCV subsidy policy could purchase tax credit ­ Guaranteed trade in value? ­ Government fleet buy-down continues #12;Policies

225

Microsoft Word - Ch1_PN_040611km  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bandon-Rogue Transmission Line Bandon-Rogue Transmission Line Rebuild Project Finding of No Significant Impact May 2011 This page left intentionally blank. Bonneville Power Administration 1 Bandon-Rogue Transmission Line Rebuild Project DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Bonneville Power Administration Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) and Floodplain Statement of Findings DOE EA-1739 Summary: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) announces its environmental findings on the Bandon-Rogue Transmission Line Rebuild Project (Rebuild Project or Proposed Action). The Rebuild Project involves rebuilding the existing Bandon-Rogue 115-kilovolt (kV) transmission line. The 46-mile-long transmission line is located in Coos and Curry counties in Oregon, extending from the city of Bandon to near Nesika Beach.

226

Zero-Emission Vehicle Scenario Cost Analysis Using A Fuzzy Set-Based Framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cells decreases (and the cost per kWh increases). If vehiclebetween NiMH battery cost per kWh (and per kilogram (kg))meter, and a variable, per kWh cost. SCE has two different

Lipman, Timothy Edward

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Table of Contents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Agency g gram K Kelvin temperature scale kg kilogram kJ kiloJoule kPa kiloPascal kW kilowatt LH2 liquid hydrogen LNG liquefied natural gas m ...

2006-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

228

Glossary | Building Energy Codes Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

K Kelvin. kg Kilogram. Kilovolt-Ampere (KVA) Where the term "kilovolt-ampere" (KVA) is used, it is the product of the line current (amperes) times the nominal system voltage...

229

Zero Emission Bay Area (ZEBA) Fuel Cell Bus Demonstration: First...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

hp horsepower HVAC heating, ventilation, and air conditioning in. inches kg kilograms kW kilowatts lb pounds MBRC miles between roadcalls mpDGE miles per diesel gallon...

230

Lithium/selenium secondary battery for implantation. Annual technical progress report No. 1, 23 June 1969--22 June 1970. [10 W, 120 Wh, 1. 1 kg, LiF--LiCl--LiI + LiAlO/sub 2/ electrolyte  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A lithium/selenium battery is being developed as an implantable power source for an artificial heart or heart-assist device. Tests of 7.5-cm dia single cells operating at about 370C with a paste electrolyte consisting of LiF--LiCl--LiI and LiAlO/sub 2/ powder yielded energy densities exceeding 0.76 Wh/cm/sup 2/ at an average voltage above 1.7 V. This performance is sufficient to permit the construction of a 10-W, 120-Wh battery weighing about 1.1 kg. An unsealed battery test demonstrated that a battery of five 7.5-cm dia lithium/selenium cells will be capable of at least 12 W of power. In addition, a sealed lithium/selenium battery was operated in an air environment, and was found to be relatively insensitive to motion as well as orientation. Further work is needed on the development of sealed cells and batteries, on increasing the battery power level to 30 W, and on increased cell life.

Cairs, F.J.; Chilenskas, A.A.; Shimotake, H.; Steunenbert, R.K.; Tevebaugh, A.D.

1970-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

DIRECT IMAGING OF QUASI-PERIODIC FAST PROPAGATING WAVES OF {approx}2000 km s{sup -1} IN THE LOW SOLAR CORONA BY THE SOLAR DYNAMICS OBSERVATORY ATMOSPHERIC IMAGING ASSEMBLY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quasi-periodic propagating fast mode magnetosonic waves in the solar corona were difficult to observe in the past due to relatively low instrument cadences. We report here evidence of such waves directly imaged in EUV by the new Atmospheric Imaging Assembly instrument on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory. In the 2010 August 1 C3.2 flare/coronal mass ejection event, we find arc-shaped wave trains of 1%-5% intensity variations (lifetime {approx}200 s) that emanate near the flare kernel and propagate outward up to {approx}400 Mm along a funnel of coronal loops. Sinusoidal fits to a typical wave train indicate a phase velocity of 2200 {+-} 130 km s{sup -1}. Similar waves propagating in opposite directions are observed in closed loops between two flare ribbons. In the k-{omega} diagram of the Fourier wave power, we find a bright ridge that represents the dispersion relation and can be well fitted with a straight line passing through the origin. This k-{omega} ridge shows a broad frequency distribution with power peaks at 5.5, 14.5, and 25.1 mHz. The strongest signal at 5.5 mHz (period 181 s) temporally coincides with quasi-periodic pulsations of the flare, suggesting a common origin. The instantaneous wave energy flux of (0.1-2.6) x 10{sup 7} erg cm{sup -2} s{sup -1} estimated at the coronal base is comparable to the steady-state heating requirement of active region loops.

Liu Wei; Title, Alan M.; Schrijver, Carolus J.; Aschwanden, Markus J.; De Pontieu, Bart; Tarbell, Theodore D. [Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, Building 252, 3251 Hanover Street, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States); Zhao Junwei [W. W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Ofman, Leon [Catholic University of America and NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 671, 8800 Greenbelt Road, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

2011-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

232

2011 SURF Summer Seminars and Tours  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... July 7 The Electronic Kilogram and the Planck Constant and The Next Generation E-Kilogram The Electronic Kilogram ...

2011-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

233

Stafford, K.M., S.E. Moore, P.J. Stabeno, D.V. Holliday, J.M. Napp, and D.K. Mellinger. 2010. Biophysical ocean observation in the southeastern Bering Sea. Geophys. Rev. Lett. 37: L02606 (doi:10.1029/2009GL040724). 4 pp.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stafford, K.M., S.E. Moore, P.J. Stabeno, D.V. Holliday, J.M. Napp, and D.K. Mellinger. 2010 Kathleen M. Stafford1* , Sue E. Moore2 , Phyllis J. Stabeno3 , D.V. Holliday4 , Jeffrey M. Napp5 and David USA. * Corresponding author: stafford@apl.washington.edu #12;2 Abstract Integrated ocean observation

234

Hydrogen Electrochemical Energy Storage Device  

very high energy density of approximately 30,000 Watt-hour per kilogram (Wh/kg). Comparatively, state of the art Li-Ion batteries have energy densities of about 400 Wh/kg. While hydrogen fuel cells have been heavily investigated as an alternative ...

235

Brazil Latitude Tilted Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files.
The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed...

236

Brazil Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files

(Supplemental Information): The assessment of...

237

Brazil Latitude Tilted Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

INPE -
National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files

(Supplemental Information): The assessment of...

238

Brazil Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files.
The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed...

239

Microsoft Word - Ghana_10km_solar_country_report.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Assessment (SWERA) Assessment (SWERA) High Resolution Solar Radiation Assessment for Ghana Final country report prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart, Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, GHI-method, DNI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared as an account of work within the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP.

240

Microsoft Word - China_10km_solar_documentation.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China China Final Report for a Country Assessment prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, GHI-method, DNI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared for the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP. The results presented here were produced by state-of-the-art methods with best-known data. The DLR (Deutsches Zentrum für

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kg kilogram km" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Microsoft Word - Ethiopia_10km_solar_country_report.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia Ethiopia Final country report prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart, Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, GHI-method, DNI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared as an account of work within the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP. The results presented here were produced by state-of-the-art methods with best-known data. The

242

Microsoft Word - Nepal_10km_solar_country_report.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal Nepal Final country report prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart, Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, GHI-method, DNI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared as an account of work within the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP. The results presented here were produced by state-of-the-art methods with best-known data. The

243

Microsoft Word - Kenya_10km_solar_country_report.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya Kenya Final country report prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart, Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, GHI-method, DNI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared as an account of work within the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP. The results presented here were produced by state-of-the-art methods with best-known data. The

244

in the Construction of KM Systems Based on Agents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is concerned with organizing Knowledge Management in R&D projects where time is the prime factor. We argue that agents should augment groupware functionalities in order to increase the overall system pro-activity and information sharing among project members. These agents are organized, as far as possible, accordingly to the model of Ba proposed by Nonaka and Konno.

Cesar Tacla Cnrs; Cesar Tacla

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Ba in the construction of KM systems based on agents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is concerned with organizing Knowledge Management in R&D projects where time is the prime factor. We argue that agents should augment groupware functionalities in order to increase the overall system pro-activity and information sharing among project members. These agents are organized, as far as possible, accordingly to the model of Ba proposed by Nonaka and Konno.

Cesar Tacla; Jean-Paul Barths

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Comparison of broadband mode arrivals at ranges of 3515 km and 5171 km in the North Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Acoustic Thermometry of Ocean Climate (ATOC) provided an opportunity to observe signals propagating in the low?order modes of the ocean waveguide. Understanding the fluctuations of these mode signals is an important prerequisite to using them for tomography or other applications. In previous work

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

UPDATE AND ENHANCEMENT OF ODOT'S CRASH REDUCTION FACTORS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

systems, Research, Traffic engineering, Crash Reduction Factors 18. Distribution Statement Copies.454 kilograms kg TEMPERATURE (exact) T short tons (2000 lb) 0.907 megagrams Mg °C Celsius temperature 1.8 + 32................................................................18 3.1.6 Add two-way left-turn lane

Bertini, Robert L.

248

Elevated Hydrogen Management for Three Mile Island Unit 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Chemistry, Fuel Reliability and Material Reliability Programs at the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) have developed a comprehensive Elevated Reactor Coolant System (RCS) Hydrogen Program that is focused on qualification of plant operation with dissolved hydrogen concentration in the RCS greater than 50 standard cubic centimeters per kilogram (scc/kg) and up to 60 scc/kg to mitigate primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC) in nickel-based alloys. Currently, the industry-wide RCS upper ...

2010-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

249

Mass and Force Group  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the Highlights. US National Prototype Kilogram. ( Robert Rathe). The picture is of the US National Prototype Kilogram. It ...

2012-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

250

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Title: Metrology, Basic Units; Mass; Kilogram (blue). ... MEL, mass measurements, kilogram, SI, metric system, measurement artifact, weight,. ...

251

2.3.3.2.1. General matrix solutions to calibration designs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... process at NIST. In this example, two NIST kilograms are compared with a customer's unknown kilogram. The design matrix ...

2012-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

252

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...cm centimeter cal calorie d day eV electron volt F farad ft foot g gram G gauss Gy gray GHz gigahertz h hour Hz hertz in. inch J joule K Kelvin kbar kilobar keV kiloelectron volt kg kilogram kHz kilohertz kPa kilopascal ksi kips (1000 lb) per square inch kV kilovolt kW kilowatt L liter lb pound m...

253

Microsoft Word - Sri_Lanka_10km_solar_country_report.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lanka Lanka Final country report prepared by Christoph Schillings 1 Richard Meyer 2 Franz Trieb 1 1 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Stuttgart, Institut für Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany 2 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR-Oberpfaffenhofen, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, D-82234 Weßling, Germany submitted to UNEP / GEF October 2004 Content 1. Method description (satellite data, DNI-method, GHI-method) 2. Model output (GHI, DNI) 3. Comparison with ground measurements (if available) 4. References Notice This report was prepared as an account of work within the SWERA project funded by GEF / UNEP. The results presented here were produced by state-of-the-art methods with best-known data. The

254

Net Carbon Flux from US Croplands at 1km2 Resolution.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, funding after earmarks for bioenergy R&D by the Department of Energy has declined yearly for the last

255

Brazil Diffuse Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files.
The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed...

256

Brazil Direct Normal Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files

(Supplemental Information): The assessment of...

257

Brazil Diffuse Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files (Supplemental Information): The assessment of reliability levels of the...

258

Brazil Diffuse Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files. The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed...

259

Brazil PAR Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files

(Supplemental Information): The assessment of...

260

Brazil PAR Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE -National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files

(Supplemental Information): The assessment of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kg kilogram km" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Brazil Diffuse Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files

(Supplemental Information): The assessment of...

262

Brazil Direct Normal Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files. The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed...

263

Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cuba from NREL Cuba from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Raster GIS data, exported as BIL file, 50 m wind power density for Cuba. Note: BIL files can be converted to raster data in ArcInfo using the IMAGEGRID command. (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential in Cuba. Values range from 0 to 547. (Supplemental Information): ***** Spatial Reference Information (Beg) *****Projection ParametersCoordinate System:Projection CylindricalZunits W/m2Units MetersSpheroid: SphereParametersProjection Type 1Longitude of central meridian: -79 32 40.2Latitude of standard parallel: 21 33 21.6Spatial InformationRaster:Number of Columns: 1360Number of Rows: 628Pixel Resolution (m): 1000Data Type: integer***** Spatial Reference Information (End) *****

264

Microsoft Word - 802.11i Rec Practices _KM-BL final edit ver 10_.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Securing WLANs Securing WLANs using 802.11i Draft Recommended Practice February 2007 Securing WLANs using 802.11i Draft Author: Ken Masica, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory February 2007 for Idaho National Laboratory Critical Infrastructure Protection Center Idaho Falls, Idaho 83415 Prepared by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Recommended Practices Guide Securing WLANs using 802.11i Ken Masica Vulnerability & Risk Assessment Program (VRAP) Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) for DHS US CERT Control Systems Security Program (CSSP) October 2006 This work was performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by University of California, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract W- 7405-Eng-48.

265

Wind: wind power density maps at 50 m above ground and 1km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cuba from NREL Cuba from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Raster GIS data, 50 m wind power density for Cuba. (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential in Cuba. Source NREL Date Released September 02nd, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Cuba GEF GIS maps NREL SWERA UNEP wind Data application/zip icon Download Maps (zip, 839.7 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset Average vote Your vote Ease of access Average vote Your vote Overall rating Average vote Your vote Comments

266

Wind: wind power density maps at 50m above ground and 1km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from NREL Ghana from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Raster GIS data, 50 m wind power density for Ghana. (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential in Ghana. Source NREL Date Released September 02nd, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords GEF Ghana GIS maps NREL SWERA UNEP wind Data application/zip icon Download Maps (zip, 661.4 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset Average vote Your vote Ease of access Average vote Your vote Overall rating Average vote Your vote

267

Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China from NREL China from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Raster GIS data, exported as BIL file, 50 m wind power density for eastern China. (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential in eastern China. Values range from 0 to 3079 W/m2. (Supplemental Information): The modeling regions do not completely cover eastern China. Projection Parameters Projection LAMBERT_AZIMUTHAL Datum WGS84 Zunits METERS Units METERS Spheroid DEFINED Major Axis 6370997.00000 Minor Axis 0.00000 Parameters: radius of the sphere of reference 6370997.00000 Continue? longitude of center of projection 119 0 0.00 latitude of center of projection 33 30 0.000 false easting (meters) 0.00000 false northing (meters) 0.00000 Spatial Information Raster: Number of Columns: 2658 Number of Rows: 3926 Pixel

268

Wind: wind power density maps at 50 m above ground and 1km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

eastern China from NREL eastern China from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): PDF maps of Eastern China wind mapping. (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential in eastern China. Includes maps of full mapping region, and 15 sub-regions. (Supplemental Information): The modeling regions do not completely cover eastern China. Projection Parameters Projection LAMBERT_AZIMUTHAL Datum WGS84 Z-units METERS Units METERS Spheroid DEFINED Major Axis 6370997.00000 Minor Axis 0.00000 Parameters: radius of the sphere of reference 6370997.00000 Continue? longitude of center of projection 119 0 0.00 latitude of center of projection 33 30 0.000 false easting (meters) 0.00000 false northing (meters) 0.00000 Spatial Information Raster: Number of Columns: 2658 Number of Rows: 3926

269

Potential for a Lidar-Based, Portable, 1 km Meteorological Tower  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lidar measurements of wind, temperature and water vapor, using a variety of techniques that rely on the detection and analysis of laser light backscattered from the atmosphere, allow data to be obtained that are similar to those hypothetically ...

R. L. Schwiesow

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

The Frontal Hydraulic Head: A Micro-? Scale (1 km) Triggering Mechanism for Mesoconvective Weather Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements from the NOAA Boulder Atmospheric Observatory (BAO) 300 m tower, the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Sabreliner aircraft, and the NOAA GOES-5 satellite, give evidence for the cross-front scale collapse of ...

M. A. Shapiro; Tamara Hampel; Doris Rotzoll; F. Mosher

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

SPI-KM - lessons learned from applying a software process improvement strategy supported by knowledge management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Software development organizations recognize the importance of improving software processes to enhance their competitive advantages. COPPE/ UFRJ software process research group has been providing SPI consultancy services to the Brazilian software industry ...

Gleison Santos; Mariano Montoni; Svio Figueiredo; Ana Regina Rocha

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Big vision, small steps: a KM strategy within a US agency's policy content management environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The US Social Security Administration (SSA) provides retirement and disability benefits to about 50 million Americans. Nearly 60,000 staff members and over 14,000 state employees rely on the Agency's policies to know how to process benefits claims accurately. ...

Duane Degler

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Gravity Wave Structure between 60 and 90 km Inferred from Space Shuttle Reentry Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Density fluctuations obtained along seven space shuttle reentry tracks are used in this paper to examine the horizontal structure and the vertical distribution of density variance in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere. The tracks lie primarily ...

David C. Fritts; Robert C. Blanchard; Lawrence Coy

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Why Lean ?y ( QC TQC 5-7 KPI Competency HA-SHA KM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) #12;Doing More With Less Lean Lean (Toyota Production System-TPS ) ( ) ( ) #12;TOYOTA PRODUCTION SYSTEMTOYOTA PRODUCTION SYSTEM ( TPS ) 1930( TPS ) 1930s Lean Management (1990 : (Standard Work- CPG) 2. / Toyota y / waste value 3. (time, human effort, materials

Laksanacharoen, Sathaporn

275

Solar: monthly global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km resolution...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central America from SUNY

(Abstract):Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate solar collectors for Central America
<...

276

Experimental Tropical Cyclone Prediction Using the GFDL 25-km-Resolution Global Atmospheric Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a forecasting configuration of the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) High-resolution Atmospheric Model (HiRAM). HiRAM represents an early attempt in unifying, within a global modeling framework, the capabilities of ...

Jeffrey S. Gall; Isaac Ginis; Shian-Jiann Lin; Timothy P. Marchok; Jan-Huey Chen

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

K.M. Fox, F.C. Johnson, and T.B. Edwards  

SRNL is managed and operated for the U.S. Department of Energy by Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC ... Used the ASTM Product Consistency Test ...

278

Solving the Solar Neutrino Problem 2 km Underground -- the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) is capable of measuring simultaneously the flux of electron-type neutrinos and the total flux of all active flavours of neutrinos originating from the Sun. A model-independent test of neutrino flavour transformation was performed by comparing these two measurements. Assuming an undistorted neutrino energy spectrum, this transformation has been definitively demonstrated in the pure D2O phase of the SNO experiment. In the second phase with dissolved NaCl in the D2O, the total active solar neutrino flux was measured without any assumption on the energy dependence of flavour transformation. In this talk, results from these measurements, their physics implications and the current status of the SNO experiment are presented.

A. W. P. Poon; for the SNO Collaboration

2003-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

279

High-Resolution GFS-Based MOS Quantitative Precipitation Forecasts on a 4-km Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Meteorological Development Laboratory (MDL) of the National Weather Service (NWS) has developed high-resolution Global Forecast System (GFS)-based model output statistics (MOS) 6- and 12-h quantitative precipitation forecast (QPF) guidance on ...

Jerome P. Charba; Frederick G. Samplatsky

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Solar: monthly direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km resolution...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

visible irradiance, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total of the normal or beam...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kg kilogram km" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Solar: annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km resolution...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

visible irradiance, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total of the normal or beam...

282

Solar: monthly and annual average latitude tilt GIS data at 40km...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and...

283

Solar: monthly direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km resolution...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and...

284

Solar: monthly global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km resolution...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and...

285

Solar: monthly latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution for...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and...

286

Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central America from NREL Central America from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Raster GIS data, 50 m wind power density for Central America (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential within the following countries in Central America: Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. (Supplemental Information): ***** Spatial Reference Information (Beg) *****Projection ParametersCoordinate System:Lambert_Azimuthal_Equal_AreaFalse_Easting: 0.000000False_Northing: 0.000000Central_Meridian: -87.450000Latitude_Of_Origin: 13.300000GCS_Sphere_ARC_INFODatum: D_Sphere_ARC_INFOPrime Meridian: 0Units: MetersSpatial InformationRaster:Number of Columns: 1374Number of Rows: 1143Pixel Resolution (m): 1000Data Type: integer***** Spatial Reference Information (End) *****

287

Microsoft Word - SpringfieldPEA_20111212km-jm-clean.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Springfield Sockeye Hatchery Project Springfield Sockeye Hatchery Project Preliminary Environmental Assessment December 2011 DOE/EA-1931 Bonneville Power Administration i Table of Contents Chapter 1 Purpose of and Need for Action ............................................................................................ 1-1 1.1. Introduction .................................................................................................................... 1-1 1.2. Need for Action .............................................................................................................. 1-1 1.3. Purposes ......................................................................................................................... 1-3 1.4. Background .................................................................................................................... 1-3

288

EU obiective of 120g CO2/km emission for new cars, a challenge for tribology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Passenger cars produce about 12 % of overall EU greenhouse gas -GHG- emissions (CO2) and transport sector with about 20 % is the second biggest emitter of GHG among all sources. Since 1990, EU has reduced transport emissions by 5 % but the contribution ... Keywords: GHG emissions, friction modifiers, fuel efficiency, structured surfaces, surface treatment

Ivan Iliuc

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Solar Related Waves in the Venusian Atmosphere from the Cloud Tops to 100 km  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A diagnostic, quasi-linear model has been developed which uses observed solar-related temperatures and a specified zonal mean circulation and thermal structure to find the solar-related circulation above the clouds of Venus. Because there are no ...

Lee S. Elson

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Generic Assessment for Optimized Reactor Coolant System Hydrogen of a Four-loop Westinghouse Pressurized Water Reactor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Chemistry, Fuel Reliability, and Material Reliability Programs at the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) have developed a comprehensive elevated reactor coolant system (RCS) hydrogen program that is focused on qualification of plant operation with dissolved hydrogen concentration in the RCS greater than 50 standard cubic centimeters per kilogram (scc/kg) (1.38 in.3/lbm), up to 60 scc/kg (1.66 in.3/lbm), to mitigate primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC) in nickel-based alloys. Currentl...

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

291

Miller, K.G., and Snyder, S.W. (Eds.), 1997 Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, Vol. 150X  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COVIDIEN ­ RALEIGH, NC 2. THOMAS BAIADA DUPONT-TYVEK ­ RICHMOND, VA 3. JASON BAKER EXXON MOBIL ­ BEAUMONT ­ CHAPEL HILL, NC 9. ROBERT DEEDRICK MWV ­ RALEIGH, NC 10. AARON FRYE EXXON MOBIL - BEAUMONT, TX 11. MATTHEW LEE GRAY O'BRIEN & GERE ENGINEERS, INC. ­ RALEIGH, NC 12. JAMI GUTHRIE (HALL) EXXON MOBIL

292

Miller, K.G., and Snyder, S.W. (Eds.), 1997 Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, Vol. 150X  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2. CHRISTOPHER AUSTIN ROVISYS ­ APEX, NC 3. JEFFREY BASEY MWV ­ COVINGTON, VA 4. ERIC BLAKE EXXON. DEREK FRICK COVIDIEN ­ RALEIGH, NC 12. AARON FRYE EXXON MOBIL ­ BEAUMONT, TX 13. KATHRYN GAITHER MWV SMITH KLINE ­ MORRISVILLE, NC 25. KYLE LESLIE DOMTAR ­ BENNETSVILLE, SC 26. JORDAN LEWIS EXXON MOBIL

293

Miller, K.G., and Snyder, S.W. (Eds.), 1997 Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, Vol. 150X  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1950; Vaillancourt 1973).This recommendationwas emphasizedwith regard to contingent valuation (CV the natural re- sourcesin Prince William Sound,Alaska, thatwere injured by the 1989Exxon Valdez oil spill detailed sce- nario describing the condition of Prince William Soundbefore and after the Exxon Valdez spill

294

Miller, K.G., Sugarman, P.J., Browning, J.V., et al. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Initial Reports Volume 174AX  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is based. A thin paleosol, uniform massive medium sand, and medium sand with heavy mineral laminations (3 (23.15­45.5 ft; 7.06­13.87 m) consists of micaceous clays with silt laminations and uniform, tight) medium to fine sands (45.5­ 63.6 ft; 13.87­19.39 m) deposited in lagoonal­estuarine or proximal up- per

295

 

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... kilogram(s), drugs use, drugs sale. Narrative: A relevant document should contain information on. drug problems in China, how the ...

296

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - Fab Team Scales Up Production...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- thus the need for such a punishing schedule. Where previous phases used 4 kilograms to 9 kilograms of germanium, the next phase of the experiment, called...

297

Preventing Molten Aluminium Water Explosions through the Use of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The energy released from one kilogram of molten aluminium reacted with oxygen is equivalent to detonating 3 kilograms of trinitrotoluene (TNT). For over 60...

298

Incidental-to-Reprocessing Evaluation for the West Valley Demonstratio...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

question pertained to whether page 6 of the Draft Evaluation should say ". . . 1,926 kilograms of plutonium . . ." rather than ". . . 1,926 kilograms of uranium . . ." DOE...

299

Appendix B  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of a cubic decimeter of water or to the Kilogram of the ... of the international standards; these are known as National Prototype Meters and Kilograms. ...

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

300

NIST Thermophysical properties of moist gases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Using these results absolute humidity of kilograms of water vapor per kilogram of dry hydrogen has been determined as a function of pressure up to ...

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kg kilogram km" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Aluminum Cast Shop IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 6, 2013 ... The energy released from one kilogram of molten aluminium reacted with oxygen is equivalent to detonating 3 kilograms of trinitrotoluene...

302

SI Units - Mass  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... standards; these are known as National Prototype Meters and Kilograms. Learn more about the history and current definition of the kilogram. ...

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

303

September 19, 2001, DOE letter providing additional information...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of plutonium at the PFP. These 108 containers contain a total of approximately three kilograms of plutonium and approximately three kilograms of uranium. These lean solutions...

304

Lightweight rovers for Mars science exploration and sample return  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the development of new mobile robots for Mars exploration missions. These "lightweight survivable rover (LSR)" systems are of potential interest to both space and terrestrial applications, and are distinguished from more conventional designs by their use of new composite materials, collapsible running gear, integrated thermal-structural chassis, and other mechanical features enabling improved mobility and environmental robustness at reduced mass, volume, and power. Our first demonstrated such rover architecture, LSR-I, introduces running gear based on 2D composite struts and 3D machined composite joints, a novel collapsible hybrid composite-aluminum wheel design, a unit-body structural-thermal chassis with improved internal temperature isolation and stabilization, and a spot-pushbroom laser/CCD sensor enabling accurate, fast hazard detection and terrain mapping. LSR-1 is a-.7 x 1.0 meterA2(WxL) footprint six-wheel (20 cm dia.) rocker-bogie geometry vehicle of- 30 cm ground clearance, weighing only 7 kilograms with an onboard.3 kilogram multi-spectral imager and spectroscopic photometer. By comparison, NASNJPL's recently flown Mars Pathfinder rover Sojourner is an 1 I+ kilogram flight experiment (carrying a 1 kg APXS instrument) having-,45 x.6 meterA2 (WxL) footprint and 15 cm ground clearance, and about half the warm electronics enclosure (WEE) volume with twice the diurnal temperature swing (-40 to +40C) of LSR-I in nominal Mars environments. We are also developing a new, smaller 5 kilogram class LSR-type vehicle for Mars sample return- the travel to, localization of, pick-up, and transport back to an Earth return ascent vehicle of a sample cache collected by earlier science missions. This Sample Retrievnl Rover R&D prototype has a

P. S. Schenker; L. F. Sword; A. J. Ganino; D. B. Bickler; G. S. Hickey; D. K. Brown; E. T. Baumgartner; L. H. Matthies; B. H. Wilcox; T. Balch; H. Aghazarian; M. S. Garrett

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Electronics & Telecommunications Programs/Projects in PML  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electronics & Telecommunications Programs/Projects in PML. ... Electric Power Metrology and the Smart Grid. Electronic Kilogram. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

306

The following figure shows the restratification process for a weak front (0.1K/10km) and a strong front (0.5K/10km). Note the initial inertial oscillations and the significantly stronger restratification that  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

These unbalanced instabilities are small and marginally resolved at best in many simulations. Furthermore, Tandon of Physical Oceanography, 28, 634­658. Mahadevan, A., A. Tandon, and R. Ferrari: 2008, Rapid changes in mixed for the static stability of rotating atmo- spheres. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 29. Tandon, A. and C

Colorado at Boulder, University of

307

A Real-Time North American Forecast at 10-km Resolution with the Canadian MC2 Meso-LAM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The next generation of high-performance computers will be based on clusters of shared-memory symmetric multiprocessor (SMP) nodes interconnected by a low-latency, high-bandwidth network. In this paper, the parallel performance of the ...

S. J. Thomas; M. Desgagn; R. Benoit

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

1: T2K J-PARC 295 km / Candidate of an electron-type neutrino interaction observed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cycle Technology, British Nuclear Fuels Professor C.J. Peel, Director, Technology (Strategy), FST of Andrew Briggs to the Professorship of Nanomaterials and Patrick Grant to the Cookson Professorship and Structural Integrity Professor G.A.D. Briggs Professor of Nanomaterials Quantum Information Processing

Sano, Masaki

309

The Variations of Cn2 Between 4 and 18 km above Sea Level as Measured over 5 Years  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We computed the monthly average backscattered power over a five-year period for the Fleming 50 MHz wind profiler, which is proportional to CN2. We found that in addition to seasonal cycle in CN2 below the tropopause, there was a year-to-year ...

A. S. Frisch; B. L. Weber; D. B. Wuertz; R. G. Strauch; D. A. Merritt

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Troposphere-Stratosphere (Surface-55 km) Monthly Winter General Circulation Statistics for the Northern Hemisphere-Four Year Averages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Monthly mean Northern Hemisphere general circulation statistics are presented for the four-year average December, January and February months of the winters 197879 through 198182. These calculations start with daily maps for eighteen pressure ...

Marvin A. Geller; Mao-Fou Wu; Melvyn E. Gelman

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

The Coherence Time of Midtropospheric Wind Features as a Function of Vertical Scale from 300 m to 2 km  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The coherence between vertical wind profiles separated by a time lag is measured as a function of vertical scale from Doppler radar wind profiler data. Each profile covers altitudes from 6811 m to 16?261 m and is Fourier transformed over a ...

Francis J. Merceret

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

A 5-yr 40-km-Resolution Global Climatology of Superrefraction for Ground-Based Weather Radars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The propagation of electromagnetic waves emitted from ground-based meteorological radars is determined by the stratification of the atmosphere. In extreme superrefractive situations characterized by strong temperature inversions or strong ...

Philippe Lopez

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

PDF Parameterization of Boundary Layer Clouds in Models with Horizontal Grid Spacings from 2 to 16 km  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many present-day numerical weather prediction (NWP) models are run at resolutions that permit deep convection. In these models, however, the boundary layer turbulence and boundary layer cloud features are still grossly underresolved. ...

Vincent E. Larson; David P. Schanen; Minghuai Wang; Mikhail Ovchinnikov; Steven Ghan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Thermal Structure of the Mesopause Region (80105 km) at 40N Latitude. Part II: Diurnal Variations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sodium wind/temperature lidar measurements taken throughout the diurnal and annual cycles at Urbana, Illinois (40N, 88W), from February 1996 through January 1998 are used to characterize the seasonal behavior of solar thermal tides in the ...

Robert J. States; Chester S. Gardner

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Thermal Structure of the Mesopause Region (80105 km) at 40N Latitude. Part I: Seasonal Variations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sodium wind/temperature lidar measurements taken throughout the diurnal and annual cycles at Urbana, Illinois (40N, 88W), from February 1996 through January 1998 are used to characterize the seasonal variations of the mesospheric temperature ...

Robert J. States; Chester S. Gardner

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

LBNL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) October 11, 2002 Place Time Name Group Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

37 192 19:28.7 John Wool 40-49 men 48 193 19:32.4 Jaimin Wan page 7 HISTORY OF LBNL RUNAROUND WINNERS AND PARTICIPATION Year Distance MEN WOMEN PARTICIPANTS 1st

317

LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) October 11, 1996 Dummy first body page  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-59 59 668 34:20.7 Seung-yu Rah 30-39 157 669 34:21.4 John Wool 40-49 120 670 34:25.6 Manny Gonzalez 30:42.8 Pete Valerio HISTORY OF LBL RUNAROUND WINNERS

318

LBNL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) October 15, 1999 Place Time Name Group Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Erdmann 30-39F 7 245 20:23.8 Paul Gee 50-59M 32 246 20:24.6 John Wool 40-49M 42 247 20:28.8 Lynette Levy (1.86 mi) October 15, 1999 page 8 HISTORY OF LBNL RUNAROUND WINNERS AND PARTICIPATION Year Distance

319

LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) September 14, 1990 Place Time Name Group Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

:56.4 John Wool 30­39 105 483 30:00.0 David O'Neill ) Group Time Name Overall Place Place 1 24:24.3 John Magee 373 2 25:41.9 Edward Lofgren 400 HISTORY OF LBL

320

LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) September 22, 1995 Dummy first body page  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

198 16:04.7 Alan Meier 40-49 30 199 16:05.7 John Wool 40-49 31 200 16:07.5 Ginny Lackner 50-59F 1 201 Don Krieger Frances Mann Peter Morley Bob Shilling HISTORY OF LBL RUNAROUND WINNERS AND PARTICIPATION

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kg kilogram km" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) October 10, 1997 Place Time Name Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Larnon, Frank 50-59 13 156 15:17.4 157 15:18.0 Bartholomew, J 50-59 14 158 15:18.4 Wool, John 40-49 18 159 15 Time Name Group Group Place HISTORY OF LBL RUNAROUND WINNERS AND PARTICIPATION Year Distance MEN WOMEN

322

LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) September 15, 1989 Envel. Time Name Group Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

40-49 8 67 12:51.4 Desiderio Kovar Wool 30-39 20 69 12:56.7 Antoine Mensch Envelope Place Number 1 21:59.8 John L. Magee 354 2 26:14.8 Ed Lofgren 427 HISTORY OF LBL RUNAROUND WINNERS

323

LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 2.95 km (1.84 mi) September 16, 1988 Envelope Time Name Group Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

120 14:08.2 Z. Mei 30-39 26 121 14:09.5 John Wool 30-39 27 122 14:10.3 Timothy Edberg 30-39 28 123 14 Time Name Envelope Place Number 1 30:14.0 Peter Endt 447 HISTORY OF LBL RUNAROUND WINNERS Year Distance

324

LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) September 11, 1992 Place Time Name Group Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

14:26.2 Barry Freifeld Wool 30-39 39 122 14:28.2 Ken Woolfe 40-49 18 123 14 Williams HISTORY OF LBL RUNAROUND WINNERS AND PARTICIPATION Year Distance MEN WOMEN PARTICIPANTS

325

Frequency of Heavy Rainstorms on Areas from 10 to 10 000 km2, Defined Using Dense Rain Gauge Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Operation in Illinois of eight dense rain gauge networks of varying sizes, with each operating for 522 yr, provided data used to assess the temporal frequency of very heavy rain events on small- to moderate-sized areas. Initial testing reveals ...

Stanley A. Changnon

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Prevailing Wind in the Meteor Zone (80100 km) over Atlanta and its Association with Midwinter Stratospheric Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The wind data generated by an all sky, continuous wave radio meteor wind facility at Atlanta (34N, 84W) is analyzed over the period of August 1974 through July 1975. Zonal and meridional components of the prevailing wind over the height range ...

Prakash M. Dolas; R. G. Roper

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

SPARC: New Cloud, Snow, and Cloud Shadow Detection Scheme for Historical 1-km AVHHR Data over Canada  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The identification of clear-sky and cloudy pixels is a key step in the processing of satellite observations. This is equally important for surface and cloudatmosphere applications. In this paper, the Separation of Pixels Using Aggregated Rating ...

Konstantin V. Khlopenkov; Alexander P. Trishchenko

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Streamlined approach for environmental restoration closure report for Corrective Action Unit No. 456: Underground storage tank release site 23-111-1, Nevada Test Site, Nevada  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The underground storage tank (UST) release site 23-111-1 is located in Mercury, Nevada. The site is in Area 23 of the Nevada Test Site, (NTS) located on the north side of Building 111. The tank associated with the release was closed in place using cement grout on September 6, 1990. The tank was not closed by removal due to numerous active underground utilities, a high-voltage transformer pad, and overhead power lines. Soil samples collected below the tank bottom at the time of tank closure activities exceeded the Nevada Administrative Code Action Level of 100 milligrams per kilogram (mg/kg) for petroleum hydrocarbons. Maximum concentrations detected were 119 mg/kg. Two passive venting wells were subsequently installed at the tank ends to monitor the progress of biodegradation at the site. Quarterly air sampling from the wells was completed for approximately one year, but was discontinued since data indicated that considerable biodegradation was not occurring at the site.

NONE

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Status Production Energy Efficiency % 72 70 Storage, Compression, Dispensing Efficiency Total Hydrogen Costs Hydrogen Production Costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By 2012, develop and demonstrate distributed reforming technology for producing hydrogen from bio-oil at $3.80/kilogram (kg) purified hydrogen. By 2011, develop a prototype that incorporates the key operations: bio-oil injection, catalytic autothermal reforming, water-gas shift, and hydrogen isolation. Develop the necessary understanding of process chemistry, bio-oil compositional effects, catalyst chemistry, and deactivation and regeneration strategy to form a basis for process definition for automated distributed reforming to meet the DOE targets. In Fiscal Year (FY) 2010, demonstrate the process of auto-thermal reforming of bio-oil including a longterm catalyst performance, yields of hydrogen, and mass balances. Using a bench-scale reactor system, demonstrate catalytic conversion consistent with $3.80/kg hydrogen.

Richard French; Michael Penev; Rick Farmer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Mountain, G.S., Miller, K.G., Blum, P., Poag, C.W., and Twichell, D.C. (Eds.), 1996 Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, Vol. 150  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

constraints on paleobathymetry and sediment provenance. The New Jersey Transect yields cosmopolitan Eocene ventilated by similar intermediate to upper deep-water masses in the late Eocene. A cosmopolitan Lenticulina

331

PTG 2010PTG 2010 i i 33 P blP bl 55PTG 2010PTG 2010 vningvning 33 ProblemProblem 55 2 kg of steam at a pressure of 1 bar are contained in a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of steam at a pressure of 1 bar are contained in a i id l d t k h l i 3 97 3 Th trigid sealed tank whose volume is 3.97 m3. The steam begins to cool off as heat is transferred to the atmosphere. When is the initial temperature of the steam in the tank (°C)? c) What will the temperature be in the tank when thec

Zevenhoven, Ron

332

Metallurgical Principles and Practice of Engineering (PE) Study Guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The overall cell reaction is. a Al2O3 + b C = c Al + d CO + e CO2. If an electrolytic cell uses 0.44 kilograms of carbon per kilogram of molten aluminum produced,...

333

It's Elemental - The Element Aluminum  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Company of America, or Alcoa. When it opened, his company could produce about 25 kilograms of aluminum a day. By 1909, his company was producing about 41,000 kilograms of...

334

Peer Review of Strategy for Characterizing Contamination in DUF6...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

plant (GDP) sites. Therefore, the assumption in Smith 1984 that 25percent (4.6 kilograms) of the neptunium received (18.4 kilograms) in the UO 3 will enter the cascade,...

335

2.3.5.2.1. Example of Shewhart control chart for mass ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... There is no slot in the 1,1,1,1 design for an artifact check standard when the first two kilograms are reference standards; the third kilogram is a test ...

2012-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

336

Microsoft PowerPoint - IPRC12.DeAngelis [Compatibility Mode  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SYNTHESIS of SODALITE ( a i a 0 ) 100 Percentage of release a i weight in kilograms of each constituent leached during each leaching interval a 0 weight in kilograms...

337

ELECTROCHEMICAL POWER FOR TRANSPORTATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Used From Prime Source Petroleum (kg) (kWh/km) Coalfrom petroleum, and toward other primary sources of energy,sources, such as coal and nuclear, the effect of the petroleum

Cairns, Elton J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

NIST Fundamental Constants Data Center 1999 - FCDC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Redefinition of the Kilogram. Motivated by recent NIST advances in determining the Planck constant h using a moving-coil ...

339

February 2013 VCAT Meeting Agenda  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 1:20 pm, International Metrology and the Redefinition of the Kilogram James Olthoff, Acting Deputy Director, Physical Measurement Laboratory. ...

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

340

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Title: Metrology--Basic Units; Mass; Electronic Kilogram/Watt Balance Schematic. Description: In the NIST watt balance ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kg kilogram km" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 72 DPI Image 150 DPI Image 300 DPI Image . Title: Metrology, Basic Units; Mass; Electronic Kilogram. Description ...

342

Electronics & Telecommunications Programs and Projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... nanostructured materials. In the phenomenon more. Electronic Kilogram Last Updated Date: 06/25/2013 This project ...

2010-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

343

projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Hamon Transfer Methods; Transverse Motion of the Main Induction Coil in the Electronic Kilogram Experiment; Design and ...

2010-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

344

Detailed Contents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Historical context of the base units: meter, kilogram, second, ampere, kelvin, mole, and candela, including definitions of the abbreviations CGPM ...

345

Calculation of Shear Stress  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...or: [MathEquation] where P is load in kilograms (pounds), and D is diameter in millimeters (inches)....

346

Monday, September 23, 2013 Hilton Washington DC North ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Fundamental Science Units and Redefining the Kilogram, Dr. James Olthoff Forensics@NIST Susan Ballou SBIR Overview: ...

2013-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

347

On the angular defect of triangulations and the pointwise approximation of curvatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Let S be a smooth surface of E3, p a point on S, km, kM, kG and kH the maximum, minimum, Gauss and mean curvatures of S at p. Consider a set {pippi+1}i ... Keywords: approximations, curvatures, differential geometry, meshes, smooth surfaces

V. Borrelli; F. Cazals; J.-M. Morvan

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Rock Sampling At Seven Mile Hole Area (Larson, Et Al., 2009) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Seven Mile Hole Area (Larson, Et Al., 2009) Seven Mile Hole Area (Larson, Et Al., 2009) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Rock Sampling At Seven Mile Hole Area (Larson, Et Al., 2009) Exploration Activity Details Location Seven Mile Hole Area Exploration Technique Rock Sampling Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes The distribution of hydrothermally altered rocks was mapped over about 1 km2 in the Sevenmile Hole area. Two to four kilogram hand samples located by a handheld GPS were collected from many outcrops for laboratory analyses References Peter B. Larson, Allison Phillips, David John, Michael Cosca, Chad Pritchard, Allen Andersen, Jennifer Manion (2009) A Preliminary Study Of Older Hot Spring Alteration In Sevenmile Hole, Grand Canyon Of The

349

Field Mapping At Seven Mile Hole Area (Larson, Et Al., 2009) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Seven Mile Hole Area (Larson, Et Al., 2009) Seven Mile Hole Area (Larson, Et Al., 2009) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Field Mapping At Seven Mile Hole Area (Larson, Et Al., 2009) Exploration Activity Details Location Seven Mile Hole Area Exploration Technique Field Mapping Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes The distribution of hydrothermally altered rocks was mapped over about 1 km2 in the Sevenmile Hole area. Two to four kilogram hand samples located by a handheld GPS were collected from many outcrops K735for laboratory analyses References Peter B. Larson, Allison Phillips, David John, Michael Cosca, Chad Pritchard, Allen Andersen, Jennifer Manion (2009) A Preliminary Study Of Older Hot Spring Alteration In Sevenmile Hole, Grand Canyon Of The

350

Nomenclature 164 NNOOMMEENNCCLLAATTUURREE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

constant in Equation 3.24 km flow characteristic constant (-) L liquid refrigerant level in evaporators (kg) WLV liquid refrigerant volumetric holdup (m3 ) WV vapour refrigerant holdup (kg) x state variable/Liq cascade liquid flow control case Con conventional control approach C/Vap cascade vapour flow control case

Skogestad, Sigurd

351

Simulating the IHOP_2002 Fair-Weather CBL with the WRF-ARWNoah Modeling System. Part II: Structures from a Few Kilometers to 100 km across  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fair-weather data along the MayJune 2002 International H2O Project (IHOP_2002) eastern track and the nearby Argonne Boundary Layer Experiments (ABLE) facility in southeast Kansas are compared to numerical simulations to gain insight into how the ...

Margaret A. LeMone; Fei Chen; Mukul Tewari; Jimy Dudhia; Bart Geerts; Qun Miao; Richard L. Coulter; Robert L. Grossman

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

The Project Shoal Area (PSA), located about 50 km southeast of Fallon, Nevada, was the site for a 12-kiloton-ton nuclear test  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

NV/13609-53 NV/13609-53 Development of a Groundwater Management Model for the Project Shoal Area prepared by Gregg Lamorey, Scott Bassett, Rina Schumer, Douglas P. Boyle, Greg Pohll, and Jenny Chapman submitted to Nevada Site Office National Nuclear Security Administration U.S. Department of Energy Las Vegas, Nevada September 2006 Publication No. 45223 Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof or its contractors or subcontractors. Available for sale to the public, in paper, from: U.S. Department of Commerce

353

Improvements in Quantitative Precipitation Forecasts with the Eta Regional Model at the National Centers for Environmental Prediction: The 48-km Upgrade  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since 9 June 1993, the eta coordinate regional model has been run twice daily at the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP, previously the National Meteorological Center) as the NCEP's early operational model. Its performance is ...

Fedor Mesinger

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

A Case Study of Atmospheric Conditions at 419 km over Vandenberg Air Force Base during Passage of a Cyclone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Continuous observations from a 50-MHz radar of the vertical profiles of winds, refractivity turbulence structure constant (C2n?), turbulent kinetic energy density (?2t?) up to two orders of magnitude), and hourly standard deviation of the vertical ...

G. D. Nastrom; F. D. Eaton

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

LATE SYN-INTRUSIVE CLASTIC DIKES AT THE BASE OF THE PALISADES INTRUSIVE SHEET, FORT LEE, NJ, IMPLY A SHALLOW (~3 to 4 KM) DEPTH OF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dikes, vesicles, pipe amygdales, and brecciated chilled-margin facies of the Palisades suggest, the Palisades intrusive sheet, Watchung basalts, and place-names mentioned in the text. Index map modified from

Merguerian, Charles

356

Parameter study of tropical cyclones in rotating radiative-convective equilibrium with column physics and resolution of a 25 km GCM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rotating radiative-convective equilibrium is studied by extracting the column physics of a meso-scale resolution global atmospheric model that simulates realistic hurricane frequency statistics and coupling it to rotating hydrostatic dynamics in ...

Wenyu Zhou; Isaac M. Held; Stephen T. Garner

357

Himalayan orogen, so much so that the locus of deep exhumation has been maintained nearly 100 km northwards of the Himalayan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

? Geology 31, 861­864 (2003). 10. Hodges, K., Wobus, C., Ruhl, K., Schildgen, T. & Whipple, K. Quaternary Nevada, inferred from cosmogenic 26 Al and 10 Be in alluvial sediment. Geology 28, 803­806 (2000). 18 cosmogenic isotope inventories in river sediments. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 206, 273­288 (2003). 20. Burbank

358

LBL RUNAROUND RESULTS 3.00 km (1.86 mi) September 16, 1994 Place Time Name GroupGroup Place Time Name GroupGroup  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-49 8 30 11:56.7 Dan Gheng Wool 40-49 1 89 13 of the participants. The official number of finishers was 780, including babies in strollers page 7 #12;HISTORY OF LBL

359

OVERVIEW OF DT RESULTS FROM TFTR M.G. BELL, K.M. McGUIRE, V. ARUNASALAM, C.W. BARNES', S.H. BATHA2,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. DORLAND7, H.H. DUONG8, R.D. DURST4, P.C. EFTHIMION, D. ERNST9, H. EVENSON4, N.J. FISCH, R.K. FISHER8, R

360

Mapping coral reefs at reef to reef-system scales, 10s1000s km2, using object-based image analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coral reef maps at various spatial scales and extents are needed for mapping, monitoring, modelling, and management of these environments. High spatial resolution satellite imagery, pixel <10 m, integrated with field survey data and processed with various ...

Chris Roelfsema, Stuart Phinn, Stacy Jupiter, James Comley, Simon Albert

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kg kilogram km" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Definition: Joule | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Joule Joule Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Joule A metric unit of energy or work; 1 joule per second equals 1 watt; 1 Btu equals 1,055 joules.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition The joule, symbol J, is a derived unit of energy, work, or amount of heat in the International System of Units. It is equal to the energy expended (or work done) in applying a force of one newton through a distance of one metre (1 newton metre or N·m), or in passing an electric current of one ampere through a resistance of one ohm for one second. It is named after the English physicist James Prescott Joule (1818-1889). In terms firstly of base SI units and then in terms of other SI units: where N is the newton, m is the metre, kg is the kilogram, s is the second, Pa is

362

Environmental Assessment Proposed Changes to the Sanitary Biosolids Land Application Program on the Oak Ridge Reservation Oak Ridge, Tennessee  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

56 56 Environmental Assessment Proposed Changes to the Sanitary Biosolids Land Application Program on the Oak Ridge Reservation Oak Ridge, Tennessee February 2003 U.S. Department of Energy Oak Ridge Operations i ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS ac acres ALARA as low as reasonably achievable AMSA American Metropolitan Sewer Association CEQ Council on Environmental Quality CSF cancer slope factor DOE U.S. Department of Energy EA environmental assessment EFPC East Fork Poplar Creek EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency EPS Effluent Polishing System (West End Treatment Facility) FONSI Finding of No Significant Impact g gram ha hectares HEAST Health Effects Assessment Summary Tables HI hazard index HQ hazard quotient IDP Industrial Discharge Permit IRIS Integrated Risk Information System kg kilogram

363

DOE/EA-1607 FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT DISPOSITION OF DOE EXCESS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

µCi/cc microcuries per cubic centimeter µCi/cc microcuries per cubic centimeter MAP mitigation action plan MEI maximally exposed individual mg/kg milligrams per kilogram mrem millirem mSv millisievert MT metric ton MTCA Model Toxics Control Act MTU metric tons of uranium N/A not applicable Final Environmental Assessment: Disposition of DOE Excess Depleted Uranium, Natural Uranium, and Low-Enriched Uranium vi NAAQS National Ambient Air Quality Standards NEF National Enrichment Facility NEPA National Environmental Policy Act NRC U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission NU natural uranium NUF 6 natural uranium hexafluoride pCi/g picocuries per gram PEIS programmatic environmental impact statement PM 2.5 particulate matter with a diameter of 2.5 microns or less PM 10 particulate matter with a diameter of 10 microns or less

364

Word Pro - Untitled1  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 a Exact conversion. b Calculated by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Web Page: For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/annual/#appendices. Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Specifications, Tolerances, and Other Techni- cal Requirements for Weighing and Measuring Devices, NIST Handbook 44, 1994 Edition (Washington, DC, October 1993), pp. B-10, C-17 and C-21. cubic feet (ft 3 ) 128 a = 1 cord (cd) shorts tons 1.25 b = 1 cord (cd) Wood kilograms (kg) 1,000 a = 1 metric ton (t) pounds (lb) 2,240 a = 1 long ton pounds (lb) 2,000 a = 1 short ton Coal U.S. gallons (gal) 42 a = 1 barrel (bbl) Petroleum alent in Final Units Equiv

365

Word Pro - Untitled1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

85 85 a Exact conversion. b Calculated by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Web Page: http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#appendices. Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Specifications, Tolerances, and Other Techni- cal Requirements for Weighing and Measuring Devices, NIST Handbook 44, 1994 Edition (Washington, DC, October 1993), pp. B-10, C-17 and C-21. cubic feet (ft 3 ) 128 a = 1 cord (cd) shorts tons 1.25 b = 1 cord (cd) Wood kilograms (kg) 1,000 a = 1 metric ton (t) pounds (lb) 2,240 a = 1 long ton pounds (lb) 2,000 a = 1 short ton Coal U.S. gallons (gal) 42 a = 1 barrel (bbl) Petroleum alent in Final Units Equiv Original Unit Energy Source

366

Distributed Bio-Oil Reforming - DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 5 FY 2012 Annual Progress Report DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Stefan Czernik (Primary Contact), Richard French, Michael Penev National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, CO 80401 Phone: (303) 384-6135 Email: Stefan.Czernik@nrel.gov DOE Manager Sara Dillich Phone: (202) 586-1623 Email: Sara.Dillich@ee.doe.gov Subcontractor: University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN Project Start Date: October 1, 2004 Project End Date: September 30, 2012 Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Objectives By 2012, develop and demonstrate distributed reforming * technology for producing hydrogen from bio-oil at $4.10/ kilogram (kg) purified hydrogen. Demonstrate integrated performance at bench scale * including bio-oil vaporization, partial-oxidation (POX)

367

DOE/EA-1607: Final Environmental Assessment for Disposition of DOE Excess Depleted Uranium, Natural Uranium, and Low-Enriched Uranium (June 2009)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

μCi/cc microcuries per cubic centimeter μCi/cc microcuries per cubic centimeter MAP mitigation action plan MEI maximally exposed individual mg/kg milligrams per kilogram mrem millirem mSv millisievert MT metric ton MTCA Model Toxics Control Act MTU metric tons of uranium N/A not applicable Final Environmental Assessment: Disposition of DOE Excess Depleted Uranium, Natural Uranium, and Low-Enriched Uranium vi NAAQS National Ambient Air Quality Standards NEF National Enrichment Facility NEPA National Environmental Policy Act NRC U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission NU natural uranium NUF 6 natural uranium hexafluoride pCi/g picocuries per gram PEIS programmatic environmental impact statement PM 2.5 particulate matter with a diameter of 2.5 microns or less PM 10 particulate matter with a diameter of 10 microns or less

368

Magnetic-field shielding of satellites from high-energy-electron environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Magnet configurations are found that limit the 6-MeV electrons threatening satellite electronics to <1% of the incident flux. Successful configurations of permanent magnets and electromagnets require magnetic energies of {approximately}8 to 12 kJ to protect each liter of electronics volume. The fundamental strength of materials leads to a required minimum mass of {approximately}48 to 64 kg/liter to support the magnetic pressure. With the electronics requiring {approximately}5 liters, several hundred kilograms are needed for this support. Except for protecting small apertures, magnetic shielding provides little, if any, advantage over that obtained by coating with an equivalent mass using traditional methods. 7 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

Vittitoe, C.N.

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

STUDIES ON LARGE AREA SUB-FABRIC BURNS  

SciTech Connect

The detonation of shot one at Bikini Atoll on March 1, 1954, produced a fallout of radioactive ash upon Rongelap Atoll, Marshall Islands. The distribution of the radioactive ash on the islands and in the plants and animals of the area has been studied and evaluated. During the first expedition to Rongelap Atoll on March 26, 1954, biological samples were collected and measurements made of the radiation contamination. On three additional expeditions extensive collections of material were made for this study, the last on January 25-30, 1955. The decline in radioactivity was measured in 1499 samples of fish, invertebrates, land plants, algae, birds, plankton, soil, and water from the Rongelap area. During this study particular emphasis was placed upon evaluation of the radioactivity in food used by the natives. Coconut milk collected on March 26, 1954, contained 1.03 microcuries per kilogram of wet tissue while the coconut meat had 1.16 mu c/kg. By January 25-30, 1955, the level in coconut milk had declined to 0.041 mu c/kg and the meat to 0.036 mu c/ kg. Fish muscle on March 26, 1954, averaged 2.74 mu c/kg and fish liver 204.0 mu c/kg. The decline to January 25-30 was 0.10 mu c/kg for the muscle and 3.52 mu c/kg for the liver of fish. Somewhat similar declines were found for clam muscle, crab muscle, bird muscle and liver, and for squash, papaya, arrowroot and pandanus. The level of radioactivity was highest in the northern portion of the atoll, except for samples of algae and fish-eating birds, collected during January 1955 from the southern part of the atoll, which had higher levels of radioactivity than samples collected from the northern islands on the same date. This may indicate a translocation of radioactive materials within the lagoon. (auth)

Berkley, K.M.; Pearse, H.E.

1957-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

370

Development of an ammonia emission protocol and preliminary emission factor for a central Texas dairy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A protocol was developed to measure ammonia emission concentrations from dairies using an isolation flux chamber. A hybrid dairy in Comanche county, Texas, was measured for one week each during August 2002 and January 2003. Sixty total ammonia samples were taken from the free stall barn, open lot, mixing tank, separated solids, compost, and two lagoons using the developed protocol. The ammonia concentration measurements were made using a chemiluminescence analyzer located inside a mobile laboratory. From the emission concentrations recorded, it was estimated that 9.68 metric tons of ammonia were produced from this dairy per year. An emission factor of 13.34 28.80 kilograms per day per thousand head of cattle (kg/day/1000 head) was estimated for this dairy (95% confidence intervals) during summer conditions. For winter conditions the emission factor was 12.05 12.89 kg/day/1000 head. The 11% difference of the emission factors from summer to winter conditions was predominantly from the change in ambient and control volume temperatures (a mean difference of approximately 25 degrees Celsius), differences in source temperatures, and seasonal variability in husbandry. The adsorption of ammonia onto different polymer tubing used in pollutant stream conveyance was researched for possible systematic losses. Teflon and low density polyethylene (LDPE) were tested for ammonia losses with treatments of: temperature, length, and inlet concentration. Inlet concentration and temperature were significant factors used to describe ammonia adsorption for Teflon, whereas LDPE was also affected by tubing length. These factors were used to create a model to correct the summer dairy measurements for ammonia losses, resulting in an emission factor increase of 8.3% over the original value obtained from the flux chamber. A nitrogen mass balance was performed to estimate the amount of nitrogen available for ammonia formation as excreted - 177.5 kilograms per year per animal (wet basis). The amount of ammonia excreted per year was also estimated to be 26.63 kilograms per year. The measured ammonia emitted from the dairy was five times less than the ammonia excreted and thirty-six times less than the total nitrogen excreted.

Rose, Adam Joseph

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Glossary Term - Uranus  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tritium Tritium Previous Term (Tritium) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Van de Graaff Generator) Van de Graaff Generator Uranus Uranus as seen by the Voyager II spacecraft. Uranus is the seventh planet from the sun and takes 84 years to orbit the sun once. Uranus is about 4 times larger than the Earth and is about 14.5 times as massive. Uranus was discovered on March 13, 1781 by William Herschel. In greek mythology, Uranus was Father Sky. Planetary Data Distance from Sun Length of Day Length of Year Radius Mass 19.191 AU 17.2 hours 84.01 years 25,559 km 8.68*1025 kg Known Satellites Name Distance from Uranus Rotational Period Orbital Period Radius Cordelia 49,770 km -unknown- 0.335034 days 21 km Ophelia 53,790 km -unknown- 0.376400 days 23 km Bianca 59,170 km -unknown- 0.434579 days 27 km

372

Corrective Action Plan for Corrective Action Unit 321: Area 22 Weather Station Fuel Storage Nevada Test Site, Nevada  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this Corrective Action Plan (CAP) is to provide the strategy and methodology to close the Area 22 Weather Station Fuel Storage. The CAU will be closed following state and federal regulations and the FFACO (1996). Site characterization was done during February 1999. Soil samples were collected using a direct-push method. Soil samples were collected at 0.6-m (2-ft) intervals from the surface to 1.8 m (6 ft) below ground surface. The results of the characterization were reported in the Corrective Action Decision Document (CADD) (DOE, 1999b). Soil sample results indicated that two locations in the bermed area contain total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) as diesel at concentrations of 124 milligrams per kilogram (mg/kg) and 377 mg/kg. This exceeds the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP) regulatory action level for TPH of 100 mg/kg (Nevada Administrative Code, 1996). The TPH-impacted soil will be removed and disposed as part of the corrective action.

D. S. Tobiason

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Corrective Action Plan for Corrective Action Unit 428: Area 3 Septic Waste Systems 1 and 5 Tonopah Test Range, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

Area 3 Septic Waste Systems 1 and 5 are located in Area 3 of the Tonopah Test Range (TTR) (Figure 1). The site is listed in the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO, 1996) as Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 428 and includes Corrective Action Sites 03-05-002-SW01 (Septic Waste System 1 [SWS 1]), and 03-05-002-SW05 (Septic Waste System 5 [SWS 5]). The site history for the CAU is provided in the Corrective Action Investigation Plan (U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office [DOE/NV], 1999). SWS 1 consists of two leachfields and associated septic tanks. SWS 1 received effluent from both sanitary and industrial sources from various buildings in Area 3 of the TTR (Figure 2). SWS 5 is comprised of one leachfield and outfall with an associated septic tank. SWS 5 received effluent from sources in Building 03-50 in Area 3 of the TTR (Figure 2). Both systems were active until 1990 when a consolidated sewer system was installed. The purpose of this Corrective Action Plan (CAP) is to provide the strategy and methodology to close the Area 3 SWS 1 and 5. The CAU will be closed following state and federal regulations and the FFACO (1996). Site characterization was done during May and June 1999. Samples of the tank contents, leachfield soil, and soil under the tanks and pipes were collected. The results of the characterization were reported in the Corrective Action Decision Document (CADD) (DOE/NV, 2000). Additional sampling was done in May 2000, the results of which are presented in this plan. Soil sample results indicated that two constituents of concern were detected above Preliminary Action Levels (PALs). Total arsenic was detected at a concentration of 68.7 milligrams per kilogram (mg/kg). The arsenic was found under the center distribution line at the proximal end of the SWS 5 Leachfield (Figure 3). Total benzo(a)pyrene was detected at a concentration of 480 micrograms per kilogram ({micro}g/kg). The benzo(a)pyrene was found in the soil under the discharge line at SWS 1 Septic Tank 33-1A (Figure 3). These concentrations are above the PALs of 3.0 mg/kg and 360 {micro}g/kg, respectively (DOE/NV, 1999) but are below the hazardous regulatory levels for these constituents. The soil will be excavated and disposed in the Nevada Test Site (NTS) Area 23 Sanitary Landfill.

D. S. Tobiason

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Removal of Last Remaining HEU from Vietnam - Time Lapse Video...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(MOST) and the Russian Federation successfully removed 11 kilograms of highly enriched uranium (HEU) from the Dalat Nuclear Research Institute. This is the eleventh country...

375

Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

F. , 2008. Wang, Fuchen, Coal gasification technology ins standard energy measure of coal equivalent (1 kilogram =energy consumption, 82% is from coal consumption, 15% from

Fridley, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Table 7. Carbon intensity of the energy supply by state (2000...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Table 7. Carbon intensity of the energy supply by state (2000 - 2010)" "kilograms of energy-related carbon dioxide per million Btu" ,,,"Change" ,,,"2000 to 2010"...

377

Energy Department Completes Salt Coolant Material Transfer to...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Republic's Ministry of Industry and Trade to complete the transfer of 75 kilograms of fluoride salt from the Department's Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to the Czech Nuclear...

378

United States and Czech Republic Establish a Joint Civil Nuclear...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

between our two nations. Last month, DOE completed the transfer of 75 kilograms of fluoride salt from the Department's Oak Ridge National Laboratory to the Czech Nuclear...

379

An Integrated Hydrogen Vision for California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of $2.00-2.50 per kilogram. Gasification of Coal and Othermore generally as gasification, hydrogen can be producedproduced from coal gasification POx processes at delivered

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Factsheet  

high-level radioactive waste ... solution to be disposed of as low-activity waste in Saltstone Purification of 2 kilograms of curium-244 for offsite ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kg kilogram km" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence for Nuclear Materials Assay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that are of interest for nuclear security applications. Theof interest to nuclear security. To either make theseother targets of nuclear security interest, such kilogram-

Quiter, Brian Joseph

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Force to be Reckoned With: NIST Measures Laser Power with ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... but also advances fundamental measurement science. Now, NIST will be able to compare an optical watt (the basic electrical unit) to a kilogram ...

2013-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

383

Chapter 2. OOF2 Concepts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Of course, at NIST we prefer that you use SI units (kilograms, meters, and seconds, etc.), but if you use slugs, furlongs, and fortnights instead, OOF2 ...

2013-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

384

From Artefacts to Atoms--The BIPM and the Search for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and a loudspeaker that demonstrates the principles of the watt balance, one of the ways of realizing the future definition of the kilogram based on a ...

2013-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

385

IV. Uniform Regulations B. Uniform Regulation for the Method ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Labeling. All hydrogen fuel kept, offered, or exposed for sale and sold at retail shall be in mass units in terms of the kilogram. ...

2012-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

386

Major World Ecosystem Complexes Ranked by Carbon in Live Vegetation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

kilometers); and medium, revised medium, minimum, and maximum carbon densities (in kilograms carbon per square meter). The minimum, medium, and maximum carbon densities were...

387

PNNL: About PNNL - Laboratory Awards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

pollution prevention related avoidances of 4,159,500 and approximately 13,450 kilograms of hazardous waste. (announced 512007) PNNL Wins Excellence Awards for Safety and...

388

Nanomanufacturing: Deposition and Exfoliation Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 11, 2012 ... Modifications to the tooling assembly resulted in changes of flake morphology and allowed easier exfoliation for producing kilograms of...

389

Modeling Magnetically Excited and Magnetically Damped Liquid ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dynamic interaction of the turbulent flow with the oscillating interface needs to be accounted if it is required to levitate liquid metal of up to few kilograms...

390

Professional Preface, 4 (1): MDMD Sponsors First MaD Competition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The test results also illustrate that the cost criteria, which was specified as cost/ kilogram, served as a disadvantage to the fiberglass/plywood specimen since it...

391

The Avogadro Project A 25 Year Quest  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The Avogadro constant is an important input parameter for the international effort to redefine the kilogram on the basis of a fundamental physical ...

2011-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

392

Redefining the SI Units  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and accuracy, simplify and normalize the unit definitions, and liberate the system from dependence on the prototype kilogram, an artifact adopted in ...

2013-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

393

New Reference Material to Help Get the Lead Out of Paints for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The law requires that paints used on children's products contain no more than 90 milligrams of lead per kilogram of paint, a marked decrease from ...

2012-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

394

Computer Experiments for an Alternative Approach to Mass ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... In anticipation of the redefinition of the kilogram and to avoid a parallel non-SI dissemination system for mass, an alternative approach to mass ...

2010-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

395

Journal of Research Volume 76C  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Volume 76C. ISSN: 0022-4316. Issue 1 and 2. Issue 1 and 2 January 1972. National Bureau of Standards one kilogram balance NBS no. ...

2012-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

396

NIST Tech Beat - Sept. 23, 2005  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Nature. Sept. 15. Media Contact: Laura Ost, laura.ost@nist.gov, (301) 975-4034. Up. Advance May Move Kilogram Closer to 'Natural' Definition. ...

397

A Weighty Matter - Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jan 6, 2013 ... The years have not been kind to the international prototype kilogram (IPK). Like many who face advancing years, the platinum-iridium alloy...

398

United States and Latvian Governments Sign Agreement to Allow...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of HEU in research reactors worldwide. To date, Russia has accepted approximately 105 kilograms of fresh Russian-origin HEU from six countries under GTRI's Russian Research Reactor...

399

Status of the Alcoa Carbothermic Aluminum Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... have resulted in a reactor design able to continuously operate the process for several weeks at the time, with hundreds of kilograms of alloy in every tap.

400

Groundbreaking Ceremony for the Center for Advanced ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... You may automatically think of us as worrying about the national time standard and the mass of a kilogram, but we conduct research in any area of ...

2012-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kg kilogram km" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Hammers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...terms of energy, i.e., foot-pounds, meter-kilograms, or meter-tons (Table 1). The practice of specifying

402

Mass Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... NIST maintains the national standard for mass in the form of the prototype kilogram (K20) and provides services to support the parts of the national ...

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

403

Nonstick and Laser-safe Gold Aids Laser Trapping of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... (A one-kilogram mass on the Earth's surface exerts a force of roughly 10 newtons. A piconewton is 0.000 000 000 001 newtons. ...

2011-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

404

TTW 09-2-10  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EXO project spent six years designing and assembling a tank that will soon hold 200 kilograms of liquid xenon. The process was complicated by an extensive effort toward...

405

Prototype Cathode Processor (PCP) - Nuclear Engineering Division...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

processor has allowed the prototype unit to purify, by distillation, several hundred kilograms of uranium chloride salt produced by the Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division...

406

Effect of Microstructure (and Heat Treatment) on the 649C ... - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Approximately 45 kilograms of powder was placed into steel containers for subsequent hot compaction and extrusion at. Wyman Gordon's facilities in Houston,...

407

Quantum Measurement Division Homepage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Even the kilogram (the only base unit currently defined by an artifact) is the subject of QMD measurement research, part of a worldwide effort to ...

2013-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

408

MITIGATED FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The TRIAXYS(tm) wave measurement buoy will weigh approximately 440 pounds (220 kilograms), including batteries. It will measure approximately 3 feet (0.9 meter) in diameter...

409

Journal of Research of NIST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The New Kilogram Definition and its Implications for High-Precision Mass Tolerance Classes Patrick J. Abbott and Zeina J. Kubarych http://dx.doi ...

2013-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

410

NIST Tech Beat for October 26, 2010  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... pictured) offer new ways of determining an accurate value of the Planck constant h, thereby contributing to a definition of the kilogram based on ...

2010-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

411

NIST Tech Beat -February 24, 2005  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... To view an agenda or register for the meeting, see http://www.ostp.gov/mfgiwg/. Back to Top of Page. Experts Urge Redefinition of the Kilogram. ...

412

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... pictured) offer new ways of determining an accurate value of the Planck constant h, thereby contributing to a definition of the kilogram based on ...

413

Proposed Rules Would Allow Metric Only Labeling for Some ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the FPLA to allow manufacturers to label their products with US customary units (inch/pound/pint, etc.) and metric units (centimeter/kilogram/liter, etc ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

414

Revised formula for the density of moist air (CIPM-2007)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... using air buoyancy artefacts Metrologia 41 3302 [6] Kobayashi Y, Nezu Y, Uchikawa K, Ikeda S and Yano H 1986 Prototype kilogram balance II of ...

2013-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

415

Everyday Life within the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The international prototype of the kilogram is the only remaining artifact used to define a base unit of the SI (rather than definition by a fundamental ...

2013-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

416

CODATA Values of the Fundamental Constants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... inverse meter relationship atomic mass unit-joule relationship atomic mass unit-kelvin relationship atomic mass unit-kilogram relationship electron ...

417

NIST Atomic Physics Division - 2000  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... in the coming decade and have impacts to science in areas as diverse as gamma-ray spectroscopy and the realization of a non-artifact kilogram. ...

418

Quantum Electrical Measurements News  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Disseminating the Kilogram, No Strings Attached Release Date: 08/24/2012 Patrick Abbot inspects the upper (vacuum) section of the apparatus. ...

2010-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

419

Get the Lead Out of Paints for Children's Products Video ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... products. That is for children of age 12 or younger. 90 parts per million is 90 milligrams of lead per kilogram of paint. The ...

2012-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

420

The Influence of VIM Crucible Composition, Vacuum Arc Remelting ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ing a weight of 23 kilograms. (50 pounds). The as-cast ingot surface was maintained on all ingots. VIM Ingot Cleanliness. Evaluation. The cleanliness evaluation.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kg kilogram km" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Fuel Cell Technologies Office...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

efficiency of today's gasoline vehicles with refueling times of five minutes for four kilograms of hydrogen. Visit our website to access technical information about hydrogen and...

422

Deputy Secretary Daniel Poneman's Remarks to the International...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

two nations partnered with the International Atomic Energy Agency to blend down 33 kilograms of highly enriched uranium from the Kazakh Institute of Nuclear Physics in Almaty....

423

International System of Units (SI)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of the kilogram, ampere, kelvin, and mole: A proposed approach to implementing CIPM recommendation 1 (CI-2005), IM Mills, PJ Mohr, TJ Quinn ...

2011-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

424

PowerPoint Presentation  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

or Thorium) * 1 kilogram or more of "foreign obligated" source material, - report the inventory to NMMSS * Enrichment, MOX fuel fabrication or downblending uranium >10% enriched, -...

425

Joprnal of Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Calibration of a nickel- chrome or a stainless steel kilogram by comparison to a platinum-iridium prototype presents many additional problems ...

2003-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

426

Coupling GIS and LCA for biodiversity assessments of land use: Part 1: Inventory modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that farmers producing corn ethanol feedstocks may be aban-vulgaris) feedstocks. Corn-based ethanol can be producedfeedstock/ kilogram ethanol): corn grains, 3.41; corn

Geyer, Roland; Stoms, David M.; Lindner, Jan P.; Davis, Frank W.; Wittstock, Bastian

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Corrective Action Plan for Corrective Action Unit 230: Area 22 Sewage Lagoons and Corrective Action Unit 320: Area 22 Desert Rock Airport Strainer Box, Nevada Test Site, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Corrective Action Plan (CAP) is to provide the strategy and methodology to close the Area 22 Sewage Lagoons site. The CAU will be closed following state and federal regulations and the FFACO (1996). Site characterization was done during September 1999, Soil samples were collected using a direct-push method and a backhoe. Soil samples were collected from the sludge bed, sewage lagoons, strainer box, and Imhoff tank areas. Characterization of the manholes associated with the septic system leading to the Imhoff tank was done during March 2000. The results of the characterization were reported in the Corrective Action Decision Document (CADD) (DOE/NV, 2000). Soil sample results indicated that the only constituent of concern (COC) detected above Preliminary Action Levels (PALs) was total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) as diesel-range organics. This COC was detected in three samples from the sludge bed at concentrations up to 580 milligrams per kilogram (mg/kg). This exceeds the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP) regulatory action level for TPH of 100 mg/kg (Nevada Administrative Code, 1996). Excavation of the area during characterization uncovered asphalt debris, four safety poles, and strands of barbed wire. The TPH-impacted soil and debris will be removed and disposed in the NTS Area 6 Hydrocarbon Landfill.

D. S. Tobiason

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Corrective Action Plan for Corrective Action Unit 423: Area 3 Building 03-60 Underground Discharge Point, Tonopah Test Range, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

The Corrective Action Plan provides the closure methods for Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 423: Area 3 Building 03-60 Underground Discharge Point (UDP), Tonoopah Test Range, Nevada. CAU 423 consists of the UDP and an associated discharge pipeline extending from Building 03-60. Corrective action investigations were completed in January 1998, and are documented in the Corrective Action Decision Document (US DOE, 1998). Results indicate an asymmetrical hydrocarbon plume, measuring 11 meters (m) 35 ft in length, 6 m (20 ft) in width, and 4 to 20 m (14 to 65 ft) in depth, has formed beneath the UDP and migrated westward. Petroleum hydrocarbon levels were identified above the 100 miligrams per kilogram (mg/kg) action level specified in Nevada Administrative Code (NAC) 445A (NAC 1996). The highest petroleum hydrocarbon concentration detected was 2,4000 mg/kg at 6 m, 20 ft, below surface grade as diesel. Corrective actions will consist of administrative controls and in place closure of th e UDP and its associated discharge pipeline.

Bechtel Nevada

1998-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

429

Stabilization and solidification of chromium-contaminated soil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chromium-contaminated soil is a common environmental problem in the United States as a result of numerous industrial processes involving chromium. Hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] is the species of most concern because of its toxicity and mobility in groundwater. One method of diminishing the environmental impact of chromium is to reduce it to a trivalent oxidation state [Cr(III)], in which it is relatively insoluble and nontoxic. This study investigated a stabilization and solidification process to minimize the chromium concentration in the Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) extract and to produce a solidified waste form with a compressive strength in the range of 150 to 300 pounds per square inch (psi). To minimize the chromium in the TCLP extract, the chromium had to be reduced to the trivalent oxidation state. The average used in this study was an alluvium contaminated with chromic and sulfuric acid solutions. The chromium concentration in the in the in situ soil was 1212 milligrams per kilogram (mg/kg) total chromium and 275 mg/kg Cr(VI). The effectiveness of iron, ferrous sulfate to reduce Cr(VI) was tested in batch experiments.

Cherne, C.A.; Thomson, B.M. [Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States). Civil Engineering Dept.; Conway, R. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE ColloqueC6,suppl6mentau nO1l,Tome 48,novembre 1987  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

uranium containing the mixture of isotopes occurring in nature; uranium depleted in the isotope 235; Depleted uranium 1000 kilograms; and Thorium 1000 kilograms. #12;INFCIRC/254/Rev.9/Part.1 November 2007 Annex B, section 4.); 2.5. Plants for the separation of isotopes of natural uranium, depleted uranium

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

431

Remediation and Recovery of Uranium from Contaminated  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

uranium containing the mixture of isotopes occurring in nature; uranium depleted in the isotope 235; Depleted uranium 1000 kilograms; and Thorium 1000 kilograms. #12;INFCIRC/254/Rev.9/Part.1 November 2007 Annex B, section 4.); 2.5. Plants for the separation of isotopes of natural uranium, depleted uranium

Lovley, Derek

432

SpaceX-D Manifest USOS (U.S. On-Orbit Segment) Cargo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

range from microbial growth to water purification in microgravity · Ice bricks For cooling and transfer flights Computers and supplies 22 pounds (10 kilograms) · Laptop, batteries, power supply cables Total kilograms) · "Plant Signaling" hardware (16 Experiment Unique Equipment Assemblies) · Plant Signaling seek

433

NIST: Special Publication 330  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 2.1.1.1, Unit of length (meter). 2.1.1.2, Unit of mass (kilogram). 2.1.1.3, Unit of time (second). ... 3.1, SI prefixes. 3.2, The kilogram. 4, Units outside the SI. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

434

3. S. Georgi, www.batteriesdigest.com/id380.htm (accessed June 2005).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as a complete kine- matics and mechanical energy analysis (19, 20). The energy analysis is made more complex with storage (such as in batteries) and re- covery of electrical energy, then these factors would be halved. 24 was the same as on the flat. Under low-power conditions (4.8 km hourj1 with 20- and 28-kg loads), electricity

Church, George M.

435

Novel duplex vapor-electrochemical method for silicon solar cells. Quarterly progress report No. 9, February 1--April 30, 1978  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Economic studies of the SRI process for the production of silicon are described. These studies cover the recovery of SiF/sub 4/ gas from fluosilicic acid (H/sub 2/SiF/sub 6/), sodium reduction of SiF/sub 4/ gas, separation of silicon from the reaction products by leaching the sodium fluorides, conversion of residual fluorides to cryolite, and the environmental treatment of the waste effluents. Since the sodium reduction of SiF/sub 4/ gas is highly exothermic, an attempt was made to understand the problems of heat transfer in the system and possibly predict their effect on the annual rate of silicon production. The details of the process economics are discussed, and the heat transfer studies are described. Economic analyses of the SRI process for the production of silicon show that silicon can be produced at a cost of $6.20/kg with a total fixed capital of $9,006,985 (1975 dollars) for a 1000 MT/yr operation. The cost per kilogram of silicon varies with the annual tonnage produced. On increasing the annual production to 3000 MT/yr, the cost was calculated to be $5.30/kg, while for a 5000 MT/yr operation, the cost of silicon production dropped to $5.00/kg. The yield of acceptable product silicon from the silicon produced was assumed to be 80%. By-product credit was obtained by converting the fluorides of sodium and hydrofluoric acid to marketable cryolite (Na/sub 3/AlF/sub 6/). These calculations also include the cost of environmental treatment and disposal for the waste effluents.

Kapur, V.K.; Nanis, L.; Sanjurjo, A.; Barlett, R.W.

1978-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Thermoluminescence dosimetry of gamma rays from the Hiroshima atomic bomb at distances of 1. 27 to 1. 46 kilometers from the hypocenter  

SciTech Connect

Sixteen ornamental tile samples were collected from 1982 to 1983 from the rooftops of two buildings at Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan. Quartz grains 50-150 microns in size extracted from the samples were analyzed for their thermoluminescence (TL) intensities. Conversion of TL intensity to /sup 60/Co gamma exposure resulted in the following estimates: 40.5 to 27.6 mC kg-1 (157 to 107 R) for five samples (one each) collected from five sites at distances of 1.27 to 1.34 km from the hypocenter of the atomic bomb detonated in 1945; 23.7 +/- 1.4 mC kg-1 (92 +/- 5 R) for three samples from one site at a distance of 1.39 km; 21.4 to 17.0 mC kg-1 (83 to 66 R) for three samples (one sample per site) from three sites at distances of 1.40 to 1.43 km; 19.8 +/- 1.3 mC kg-1 (77 +/- 5 R) for four samples from one site at a distance of 1.45 km; and 13.2 mC kg-1 (51 R) for one sample at a distance of 1.46 km. At face value, these estimates are greater by a factor of about 2.5 than previous estimates based on the tentative 1965 radiation dose estimates for atomic bomb survivors (a tentative dosimetry model proposed in 1965), but agree within +32% to -13% (+15% on the average) with recent estimates using modern computational techniques using an improved model of the atomic bomb explosion.

Ichikawa, Y.; Nagatomo, T.; Hoshi, M.; Kondo, S.

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Research Reactor Preparations for the Air Shipment of Highly Enriched Uranium from Romania  

SciTech Connect

In June 2009 two air shipments transported both unirradiated (fresh) and irradiated (spent) Russian-origin highly enriched uranium (HEU) nuclear fuel from two research reactors in Romania to the Russian Federation for conversion to low enriched uranium. The Institute for Nuclear Research at Pitesti (SCN Pitesti) shipped 30.1 kg of HEU fresh fuel pellets to Dimitrovgrad, Russia and the Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH) shipped 23.7 kilograms of HEU spent fuel assemblies from the VVR S research reactor at Magurele, Romania, to Chelyabinsk, Russia. Both HEU shipments were coordinated by the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR) as part of the U.S. Department of Energy Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI), were managed in Romania by the National Commission for Nuclear Activities Control (CNCAN), and were conducted in cooperation with the Russian Federation State Corporation Rosatom and the International Atomic Energy Agency. Both shipments were transported by truck to and from respective commercial airports in Romania and the Russian Federation and stored at secure nuclear facilities in Russia until the material is converted into low enriched uranium. These shipments resulted in Romania becoming the 3rd country under the RRRFR program and the 14th country under the GTRI program to remove all HEU. This paper describes the research reactor preparations and license approvals that were necessary to safely and securely complete these air shipments of nuclear fuel.

K. J. Allen; I. Bolshinsky; L. L. Biro; M. E. Budu; N. V. Zamfir; M. Dragusin; C. Paunoiu; M. Ciocanescu

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Autonomous, agile micro-satellites and supporting technologies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper updates the on-going effort at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory to develop autonomous, agile micro-satellites (MicroSats). The objective of this development effort is to develop MicroSats weighing only a few tens of kilograms, that are able to autonomously perform precision maneuvers and can be used telerobotically in a variety of mission modes. The required capabilities include satellite rendezvous, inspection, proximity-operations, docking, and servicing. The MicroSat carries an integrated proximity-operations sensor-suite incorporating advanced avionics. A new self-pressurizing propulsion system utilizing a miniaturized pump and non-toxic mono-propellant hydrogen peroxide was successfully tested. This system can provide a nominal 25 kg MicroSat with 200-300 m/s delta-v including a warm-gas attitude control system. The avionics is based on the latest PowerPC processor using a CompactPCI bus architecture, which is modular, high-performance and processor-independent. This leverages commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) technologies and minimizes the effects of future changes in processors. The MicroSat software development environment uses the Vx-Works real-time operating system (RTOS) that provides a rapid development environment for integration of new software modules, allowing early integration and test. We will summarize results of recent integrated ground flight testing of our latest non-toxic pumped propulsion MicroSat testbed vehicle operated on our unique dynamic air-rail.

Breitfeller, E; Dittman, M D; Gaughan, R J; Jones, M S; Kordas, J F; Ledebuhr, A G; Ng, L C; Whitehead, J C; Wilson, B

1999-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

439

Nevada test site underground storage tank number 12-13-1: Nevada division of emergency management case number H931130E corrective action unit 450. Closure report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The project site was identified as an abandoned Underground Storage Tank (UST) to be closed under the Department of Energy/Nevada Operations Office (DOE/NV) Environmental Restoration Division (ERD) Program during Fiscal Year 1993. The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires that before permanent closure is completed an assessment of the site must take place. The Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP) requires assessment and corrective actions for a petroleum substance in the soil which exceeds 100 milligrams per kilogram (mg/kg). Subsequent to the tank removal, a hydrocarbon release was identified at the site. The release was reported to the NDEP by DOE/NV on November 30, 1993. Nevada Division of Environmental Management (NDEM) Case Number H931130E was assigned. This final closure report documents the assessment and corrective actions taken for the hydrocarbon release identified at the site. The Notification of Closure, EPA Form 7530-1 dated March 22, 1994, is provided in Appendix A. A 45-day report documenting the notification for a hydrocarbon release was submitted to NDEP on April 6, 1994.

NONE

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Sintered Reaction Bonded Silicon Parts by Microwave Nitridation Combined with Gas-Pressure Sintering  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The cooperative project was a joint development program between Ceradyne and Oak Ridge National Laboratory through Lockheed Martin Energy Research (LMER). Cooperative work was of benefit to both parties. ORNL was able to assess the effect of the microwave nitridation process coupled with gas-pressure sintering for fabrication of parts for advanced diesel engines. Ceradyne gained access to gelcasting expertise and microwave facilities and experience for the nitridation of SRBSN materials. The broad objective of the CRADA between Ceradyne and OIWL was to (1) examine the applicability of the gelcasting technology to fabricate parts from SRBSN, and (2) to assess the effect of the microwave nitridation of silicon process coupled with gas-pressure sintering for fabrication of parts for advanced diesel engines. The following conclusions can be made from the work performed under the CRADA: (1) Gelcasting is a viable method to fabricate SRBSN parts using Ceradyne Si mixtures. However, the technique requires further development prior to being put into commercial use. (2) Microwave heating can be utilized to nitride multiple SRBSN parts. Scale-up of the process to fabricate several kilograms of material (up to 6 kg) per furnace run was demonstrated.

Kiggans, J.O.; Mikijelj, B.; Tiegs, T.N.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kg kilogram km" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Gas Generation Testing of Neptunium Oxide Generated Using the HB-Line Phase IIFlowsheet  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The hydrogen (H{sub 2}) gas generation rate for neptunium dioxide (NpO{sub 2}) samples produced on a laboratory scale using the HB-Line Phase II flowsheet has been measured following exposure to 75% relative humidity (RH). As expected, the observed H{sub 2} generation rates for these samples increase with increasing moisture content. A maximum H{sub 2} generation rate of 1.8 x 10{sup -6} moles per day per kilogram (mol {center_dot} day{sup -1} kg{sup -1}) was observed for NpO{sub 2} samples with approximately one and one-half times (1 1/2 X) the expected specific surface area (SSA) for the HB-Line Phase II product. The SSA of NpO{sub 2} samples calcined at 650 C is similar to plutonium dioxide (PuO{sub 2}) calcined at 950 C according to the Department of Energy (DOE) standard for packaging and storage of PuO{sub 2}. This low SSA of the HB-Line Phase II product limits moisture uptake to less than 0.2 weight percent (wt %) even with extended exposure to 75% RH.

Duffey, J

2003-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

442

Advanced lead acid battery development project. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project involved laboratory and road testing of the Horizon (registered) advanced lead acid batteries produced by Electrosource, Inc. A variety of electric vehicles in the fleet operated by the Sacramento Municipal Utility District and McClellan Air Force Base were used for road tests. The project was sponsored by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency under RA 93-23 entitled Electric Vehicle Technology and Infrastructure. The Horizon battery is a valve regulated, or sealed, lead acid battery produced in a variety of sizes and performance levels. During the project, several design and process improvements on the Horizon battery resulted in a production battery with a specific energy approaching 45 watt-hours per kilogram (Whr/kg) capable of delivering a peak current of 450 amps. The 12 volt, 95 amp-hour (Ahr) Horizon battery, model number 12N95, was placed into service in seven (7) test vehicles, including sedans, prototype lightweight electric vehicles, and passenger vans. Over 20,000 miles have been driven to date on vehicles powered by the Horizon battery. Road test results indicate that when the battery pack is used with a compatible charger and charge management system, noticeably improved acceleration characteristics are evident, and the vehicles provide a useful range almost 20% greater than with conventional lead-acid batteries.

NONE

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Microsats for On-Orbit Support Missions  

SciTech Connect

I appreciate the opportunity to address this conference and describe some of our work and plans for future space missions and capabilities. My presentation will consist of a short overview of our program, some potential missions and enabling technologies, as well as, a description of some of our test vehicles and ongoing docking experiments. The Micro-Satellite Technology Program at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is developing technologies for a new generation of a very highly capable autonomous microsats. A microsat is defined here as a vehicle that's less than 100 kilograms in mass. We're looking at a number of different microsat design configurations, between 0.5 to 1 meter in length and less than 40 kg in mass. You'll see several ground-test vehicles that we have been building that are modeled after potential future on-orbit systems. In order to have very aggressive missions, these microsats will require new integrated proximity operation sensors, advanced propulsion, avionics and guidance systems. Then to make this dream a reality a new approach to high fidelity ''hardware-in-the-loop'' ground testing, will be discussed that allows repeated tests with the same vehicle multiple times. This will enable you to ''get it right'' before going into space. I'll also show some examples of our preliminary docking work completed as of today.

Ledebuhr, A G

2001-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

444

Achieve Continuous Injection of Solid Fuels into Advanced Combustion System Pressures  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is the development of a mechanical rotary-disk feeder, known as the Stamet Posimetric High Pressure Solids Feeder System, to feed dry granular coal continuously and controllably into pressurized environments of up to 35 kg/cm{sup 2} (500 psi). This was to be accomplished in two phases. The first task was to review materials handling experience in pressurized operations as it related to the target pressures for this project, and review existing coal preparation processes and specifications currently used in advanced combustion systems. Samples of existing fuel materials were obtained and tested to evaluate flow, sealing and friction properties. This provided input data for use in the design of the Stamet Feeders for the project, and ensured that the material specification used met the requirements of advanced combustion & gasification systems. Ultimately, Powder River Basin coal provided by the PSDF facility in Wilsonville, AL was used as the basis for the feeder design and test program. Based on the material property information, a Phase 1 feeder system was designed and built to accomplish feeding the coal to an intermediate pressure up to 21 kg/cm{sup 2} (300 psi) at feed rates of approximately 100 kilograms (220lbs) per hour. The pump & motor system was installed in a custom built test rig comprising an inlet vessel containing an active live-wall hopper mounted in a support frame, transition into the pump inlet, transition from pump outlet and a receiver vessel containing a receiver drum supported on weigh cells. All pressure containment on the rig was rated for the final pressure requirement of 35 kg/cm{sup 2} (500psi). A program of testing and modification was carried out in Stamet's facility in CA, culminating in successful feeding of coal into the Phase 1 target of 21 kg/cm{sup 2} (300psi) gas pressure in December 2003. Further testing was carried out at CQ Inc's facility in PA, providing longer run times and experience of handling and feeding the coal in winter conditions. Based on the data developed through the testing of the Phase I unit, a Phase II system was designed for feeding coal into pressures of up to 35 kg/cm{sup 2} (500 psi). A further program of testing and modification was then carried out in Stamet's facility, with the target pressure being achieved in January 2005. Repeated runs at pressure were achieved, and optimization of the machine resulted in power reductions of 60% from the first successful pressure runs. General design layout of a commercial-scale unit was conducted, and preliminary cost estimates for a commercial unit obtained.

Derek L. Aldred; Timothy Saunders

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Achieve Continuous Injection of Solid Fuels into Advanced Combustion System Pressures  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is the development of a mechanical rotary-disk feeder, known as the Stamet Posimetric High Pressure Solids Feeder System, to demonstrate feeding of dry granular coal continuously and controllably into pressurized environments of up to 70 kg/cm2 (1,000 psi). This is the Phase III of the ongoing program. Earlier Phases 1 and II successfully demonstrated feeding into pressures up to 35 kg/cm{sup 2} (500 psi). The final report for those phases was submitted in April 2005. Based on the previous work done in Phases I & II using Powder River Basin coal provided by the PSDF facility in Wilsonville, AL, a Phase III feeder system was designed and built to accomplish the target of feeding the coal into a pressure of 70 kg/cm2 (1,000 psi) and to be capable of feed rates of up to 550 kilograms (1,200lbs) per hour. The drive motor system from Phase II was retained for use on Phase III since projected performance calculations indicated it should be capable of driving the Phase III pump to the target levels. The pump & motor system was installed in a custom built test rig comprising an inlet vessel containing an active live-wall hopper mounted on weigh cells in a support frame, transition into the pump inlet, transition from pump outlet and a receiver vessel containing a receiver drum supported on weigh cells. All pressure containment on the rig was rated to105 kg/cm{sup 2} (1,500psi) to accommodate the final pressure requirement of a proposed Phase IV of the program. A screw conveyor and batch hopper were added to transfer coal at atmospheric pressure from the shop floor up into the test rig to enable continuous feeding up to the capacity of the receiving vessel. Control & monitoring systems were up-rated from the Phase II system to cover the additional features incorporated in the Phase III rig, and provide closer control and expanded monitoring of the entire system. A program of testing and modification was carried out in Stamet's facility in CA, culminating in the first successful feeding of coal into the Phase III target of 70 kg/cm{sup 2} (1,000 psi) gas pressure in March 2007. Subsequently, repeated runs at pressure were achieved, and comparison of the data with Phase II results when adjusted for scale differences showed further power reductions of 40% had been achieved from the final Phase II pressure runs. The general design layout of a commercial-scale unit was conducted, and preliminary cost estimates made.

Derek L. Aldred; Timothy Saunders

2007-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

446

Engineering-Scale Liquid Cadmium Cathode Experiments  

SciTech Connect

Recovery of transuranic actinides (TRU) using electrorefining is a process being investigated as part of the Department of Energy (DOE) Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI). TRU recovery via electrorefining onto a solid cathode is very difficult as the thermodynamic properties of transuranics are not favourable for them to remain in the metal phase while significant quantities of uranium trichloride exist in the electrolyte. Theoretically, the concentration of transuranics in the electrolyte must be approximately 106 greater than the uranium concentration in the electrolyte to produce a transuranic deposit on a solid cathode. Using liquid cadmium as a cathode contained within a LiCl-KCl eutectic salt, the co-deposition of uranium and transuranics is feasible because the activity of the transuranics in liquid cadmium is very small. Depositing transuranics and uranium in a liquid cadmium cathode (LCC) theoretically requires the concentration of transuranics to be two to three times the uranium concentration in the electrolyte. Three LCC experiments were performed in an Engineering scale elecdtrorefiner, which is located in the argon hot cell of the Fuel Conditioning Facility at the Materials and Fuels Complex on the Idaho National Laboratory. Figure 1 contains photographs of the LCC assembly in the hot cell prior to the experiment and a cadmium ingot produced after the first LCC test. Figure 1. Liquid Cadmium Cathode (left) and Cadmium Ingot (right) The primary goal of the engineering-scale liquid cadmium cathode experiments was to electrochemically collect kilogram quantities of uranium and plutonium via a LCC. The secondary goal was to examine fission product contaminations in the materials collected by the LCC. Each LCC experiment used chopped spent nuclear fuel from the blanket region of the Experimental Breeder Reactor II loaded into steel baskets as the anode with the LCC containing 26 kg of cadmium metal. In each experiment, between one and two kilograms of heavy metal was collected in the LCC after passing an integrated current over 500 amp hours. Analysis of samples from the liquid cadmium cathode ingots showed detectable amounts of transuranics and rare-earth elements. Acknowledgements K. B. Davies and D. M. Pace for the mechanical and electrical engineering needed to prepare the equipment for the engineering-scale liquid cadmium cathode experiments.

D Vaden; B. R. Westphal; S. X. Li; T. A. Johnson; K. B. Davies; D. M. Pace

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Propulsion engineering study for small-scale Mars missions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Rocket propulsion options for small-scale Mars missions are presented and compared, particularly for the terminal landing maneuver and for sample return. Mars landing has a low propulsive {Delta}v requirement on a {approximately}1-minute time scale, but at a high acceleration. High thrust/weight liquid rocket technologies, or advanced pulse-capable solids, developed during the past decade for missile defense, are therefore more appropriate for small Mars landers than are conventional space propulsion technologies. The advanced liquid systems are characterize by compact lightweight thrusters having high chamber pressures and short lifetimes. Blowdown or regulated pressure-fed operation can satisfy the Mars landing requirement, but hardware mass can be reduced by using pumps. Aggressive terminal landing propulsion designs can enable post-landing hop maneuvers for some surface mobility. The Mars sample return mission requires a small high performance launcher having either solid motors or miniature pump-fed engines. Terminal propulsion for 100 kg Mars landers is within the realm of flight-proven thruster designs, but custom tankage is desirable. Landers on a 10 kg scale also are feasible, using technology that has been demonstrated but not previously flown in space. The number of sources and the selection of components are extremely limited on this smallest scale, so some customized hardware is required. A key characteristic of kilogram-scale propulsion is that gas jets are much lighter than liquid thrusters for reaction control. The mass and volume of tanks for inert gas can be eliminated by systems which generate gas as needed from a liquid or a solid, but these have virtually no space flight history. Mars return propulsion is a major engineering challenge; earth launch is the only previously-solved propulsion problem requiring similar or greater performance.

Whitehead, J.

1995-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

448

Differences of Random Variables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of woodscrews containing a variety of sizes for a local DIY store. The weight W (in kilograms) of boxes happen if the DIY store bought in similar products from different manufacturers. Before we can solve

Vickers, James

449

DOE-Idaho Operations Summary For May 12 to May 25, 2009  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a key role in the successful removal of almost 74 kilograms of Russian-origin highly enriched uranium spent nuclear fuel from Kazakhstan and its return to a secure Russian...

450

DOE Electrolysis-Utility Integration Workshop Background Paper...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

challenge for electrolysis to provide a significant portion of this fuel remains the high price of electricity. For every kilogram of hydrogen produced, 60-90% of the cost is...

451

Testing and Evaluation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells in Extreme Conditions...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

that a pure oxygen-blown CPOX reformer integrated with a 30-cell Delphi Gen 3.2 SOFC stack showed a reactant-based specific energy of 4,900 kilojoules per kilogram for...

452

1 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy For the first time information-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Between 1950 and 1963 approximately 11 million kilograms of mercury (Hg

453

60Optimization Satellites are  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pound = 0.453 kilograms) Space Math http://spacemath.gsfc.nasa.gov #12;Answer Key Problem 1 panels to generate electricity using solar cells. Instead, the solar cells have to be mounted

454

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in the back of the van was a stand-in for a piece of precious cargo: the quartz bell jar that makes up the heart and soul of the 60-kilogram COUPP dark matter experiment....

455

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The CDMS collaboration found that if WIMPs have 100 times the mass of protons (about 100 GeVc2) they collide with one kilogram of germanium less than a few times per year;...

456

EA-1255: Project Partnership Transportation of Foreign-Owned...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts for the proposal to transport 5.26 kilograms of enriched uranium-23 5 in the form of nuclear fuel, from the Republic of Georgia...

457

Microsoft Word - B5D7DEEC.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Three types of 19 percent aqueous NH 3 spills were simulated: a 400-pound (181-kilograms) leak from a valve, an uncontained 23.1-ton (21-metric ton) (6,000-gallon...

458

EA-1255: Final Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts for the proposal to transport 5.26 kilograms of enriched uranium-23 5 in the form of nuclear fuel, from the Republic of Georgia...

459

It's Elemental - The Element Uranium  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

into uranium-233, also through beta decay. If completely fissioned, one pound (0.45 kilograms) of uranium-233 will provide the same amount of energy as burning 1,500 tons...

460

Fuel Cell-Powered Lift Truck FedEx Freight Fleet Deployment ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

over 90,000 hours of fuel cell operation by June * 30, 2012. Purchasing 29,240 kilograms of hydrogen by June 30, * 2012. Monitoring operating costs and reliability of * 40...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kg kilogram km" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

EMSL Quarterly Highlights Report, 1st Quarter Fiscal Year 2010  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the subsurface at the Hanford Site in Washington State is estimated to hold 202,703 kilograms of uranium. Understanding how and when uranium migrates may aid in creating...

462

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

data were converted at 8.162674 barrels per metric ton. One metric ton equals 1,000 kilograms. bFor INFORUM, liquids demand data were converted from quadrillion Btus to barrels...

463

ESH100.2.IH.21  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to the midpoint between the hands at the start of the lift. Determine the TLV in kilograms for the lifting task, as displayed in the table cell that corresponds to the...

464

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposal to transfer approximately 710,000 kilograms (1,562,000 pounds) of unneeded normal and low-enriched uranium to the United...

465

It's Elemental - The Element Scandium  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

chemist, in 1879 while attempting to produce a sample of pure ytterbia from 10 kilograms of the mineral euxenite ((Y, Ca, Er, La, Ce, U, Th)(Nb, Ta, Ti)2O6). Scandium can be...

466

Preliminary Hazards Analyses to Identify Bounding Accidents for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of their occurrence. 1 The current design includes enough storage capacity for 250 kilograms of hydrogen. Storage pressures vary from 3,500 to 15,000 pounds per square inch...

467

FACT SHEET U.S. Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

altitude: 25,000 feet (7.5 kilometers) * Maximum gross weight: 36,000 pounds (16,330 kilograms) * Endurance with typical payload fuel: 4 hours * Crew capacity: 2 pilots, 1-4...

468

Brinell Hardness Testing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...D 2 - d 2 ) 1/2 ] where L is the load, in kilograms; D is the diameter of the ball, in millimeters; and d is the diameter of the indentation, in millimeters....

469

Coming to a Little Screen Near You: Copper Nanowires - Materials ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sep 23, 2011 ... Indium is also an expensive rare earth element, costing as much as $800 per kilogram. One alternative to an ITO film is to use inks containing...

470

It's Elemental - The Element Protactinium  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

125 grams of 99.9% pure protactinium, although they had to process about 55,000 kilograms of ore and spend about 500,000 to get it. Protactinium's most stable isotope,...

471

BNL Guest, User and Visitor Center | Shipping to Brookhaven  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(transport package) with a gross weight equal to or greater than 400 pounds (180 kilograms) must be marked with the center of gravity and gross weight on at least one side, or...

472

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

it. The previous CDMS experiment, CDMS II, used 19 germanium disks weighing 0.25 kilograms each; SuperCDMS-Soudan, set to start taking data this summer, will use 15 germanium...

473

VIBRATION CHARACTERISTICS OF AN APS LAB FACILITY IN BUILDING...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to be tested in the laboratory are not expected to weigh any more than a few thousand kilograms and consequently should not significantly alter the natural frequencies of floor...

474

EIA - AEO2012 Early Release Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

use), and the carbon intensity of U.S. energy consumption falls from 57.4 to 53.8 kilograms per million Btu (6.3 percent). Over the same period, U.S. economic activity becomes...

475

A weekly review of scientific and technological achievements...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

asteroids during periods of heavy bombardment may have been as high as 10 trillion kilograms per year, delivering up to several orders of magnitude greater mass of organics than...

476

--No Title--  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of these catalysts is ongoing. In parallel, we are developing a pilot-scale ALD coating facility that will enable us to scale our catalyst manufacturing from grams to kilograms...

477

Convoy Returns World Trade Center Steel to New York City  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The tractor trailers, each carrying between 10,000 and 30,000 pounds (approximately 4,500 to 13,600 kilograms) of steel, traveled with a police ...

2011-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

478

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - How Slow is Slow? EXO...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to happen and as few places to hide as possible. A detector chamber filled with 200 kilograms of liquid xenon takes care of the first strategic objective - the xenon has been...

479

Process Makes Al Strong as Steel - Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sep 21, 2010... a thin disk of metal to a cylindrical anvil and pressing it against another anvil with a force of about 60,000 kilograms per square centimeter.

480

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - Underground Search for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is a thin-walled cylinder made of extremely pure copper. It is full of about 200 kilograms (about 440 pounds) of liquid xenon and buried 2,150 feet deep at the DOE's Waste...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kg kilogram km" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

NNSA's Global Threat Reduction Initiative Completes First Plutonium...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

was the first shipment of plutonium to the United States under this program. Over 3 kilograms of plutonium was removed and included Swedish, UK, and U.S. origin material stemming...

482

EA-1123: Transfer of Normal and Low-Enriched Uranium Billets...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposal to transfer approximately 710,000 kilograms (1,562,000 pounds) of unneeded normal and low-enriched uranium to the United...

483

--No Title--  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

several authoritative sources, we can reasonably estimate that nearly half a billion kilograms of carbon dioxide are kept out of the atmosphere by shopping on-line," Miller said....

484

A Pioneering Method  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

be able to see them, but tiny airborne particles are everywhere. Tens of millions of kilograms of the smallest particles, known as PM2.5, float over a typical big city in the form...

485

NIST Guide to SI Units - Appendix A. Definitions of the SI Base ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... that SI derived units are uniquely defined only in terms of SI base units; for example, 1 ... The kilogram is the unit of mass; it is equal to the mass of the ...

486

Biological denitrification of high concentration nitrate waste  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Biological denitrification of nitrate solutions at concentrations of greater than one kilogram nitrate per cubic meter is accomplished anaerobically in an upflow column having as a packing material a support for denitrifying bacteria.

Francis, Chester W. (Oak Ridge, TN); Brinkley, Frank S. (Knoxville, TN)

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

EA-1123: Transfer of Normal and Low-Enriched Uranium Billets to the United Kingdom, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposal to transfer approximately 710,000 kilograms (1,562,000 pounds) of unneeded normal and low-enriched uranium to the United Kingdom; thus,...

488

An Analysis of Measures to Reduce the Life-Cycle Energy Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of California's Personal Computers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2002). Estimating Carbon Dioxide Emissions Factors for thefactors for California of 9.2 megajoules per kilowatt-hour (MJ/kWh) and 0.4 kilograms of carbon dioxide

Horvath, A; Masanet, Eric

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

The SHARP scramjet launcher  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The worlds largest light gas gun at SHARP (Super High Altitude Research Project) is completed and in the past year has launched 9 scramjets. Typical masses and velocities are 5.9 kg at 2.8 km/sec.and 4.4 kg at 3.1 km/sec. In so doing SHARP launched the first fully functioning, hydrogen burning scramjet at mach 8. The SHARP launcher is unique in having a 4 inch diameter and 155 foot-long barrel. This enables lower acceleration launches than any other system. In addition the facility can deliver high energy projectiles to targets in the open air without having to contain the impact fragments. This allows one to track lethality test debris for several thousand feet.

Cartland, H.; Fiske, P.; Greenwood, R.; Hargiss, D.; Heston, P.; Hinsey, N.; Hunter, J.; Massey, W.

1995-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

490

The ARM Aerial Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARM Aerial Facility ARM Aerial Facility in the Biomass Burn Observation Project (BBOP) 1 Beat Schmid, Technical Director Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, WA Aircraft Technical Information Length: 19.4 m Wingspan: 23.9 m Height: 7.1 m Cabin space: 15.3 m 2 External probes (PMS cans): 8 Maximum gross weight: 16,330 kg Maximum Endurance: 9.5 hours Maximum Range: 4000 km Endurance with full payload: 4-5 hours Crew capacity: 7 max, 2 pilots + 3-5 scientists Cabin payload: 1,900 kg Research Power: 700A @ 28 VDC (incl. 85A @ 115 VAC, 60 Hz) Ceiling: 7.6 km G-1 (BMI owned, ARM base funded, PNNL based and managed, for the science community) AAF G-1 Plan 2013-17 Intensive Airborne Research in Amazonia (IARA) Manaus, Brazil PI: Scot Martin (Harvard)

491

Dose Rates from Plutonium Metal and Beryllium Metal in a 9975 Shipping Container  

SciTech Connect

A parametric study was performed of the radiation dose rates that might be produced if plutonium metal and beryllium metal were shipped in the 9975 shipping package. These materials consist of heterogeneous combinations plutonium metal and beryllium. The plutonium metal content varies up to 4.4 kilograms while the beryllium metal varies up to 4 kilograms. This paper presents the results of that study.

Nathan, S.J.

2002-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

492

Accepted Manuscript How contact metamorphism can trigger global climate changes: Modeling gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the Karoo Basin (South Africa),20 and ~600-3500 Gt CHB 4 Bin the Vøring and Møre basins (offshore Norway-rich shale formations in the Karoo Basin (Faure196 and Cole, 1999; Polteau et al., in review).197 Fig. 3 kg/m3 , simulating the 2-4205 km deep organic-rich shale formations in the Karoo Basin (Catuneanu et

Podladchikov, Yuri

493

Tiragem: 17800 Pas: Portugal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Branco Área: 28,32 x 15,09 cm² Corte: 1 de 1ID: 44313523 19-10-2012 | ARAN A Toyota e Galp concluíram os Toyota, e que, juntamente com os dados subme- tidos pelos restantes países que integraram este teste kg. AP?S 210 MIL KM Toyota e Galp concluem testes ao Prius Plug-in Os testes arrancaram em maio de

Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

494

SHARP, a first step towards a full sized Jules Verne Launcher  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A vital element for space exploration and utilization is the ability to affordably place large quantities of consumables and building material into low earth orbit. Calculations and supportive data indicate this can be done with a large hydrogen gas gun referred to as the Jules Verne Launcher (JVL). We present a design for the JVL based upon the concept of side injecting preheated hydrogen along a long barrel. This dramatically reduces the peak pressures in the launcher as well as the pressures and g-loads at the vehicle. The JVL has the promise of reducing payload delivery costs to Low Earth Orbit (LEO) to below $500/kg. The Super High Altitude Research Project (SHARP) is a conventional two-stage hydrogen gas gun which is configured to launch 5 kg packages on suborbital trajectories. It is the first step towards the much larger Jules Verne system and will demonstrate several important features of the larger system. SHARP is currently in the middle of a series of tests aimed at its first milestone. This is to launch 5 kg at 4 km/sec horizontally. In its inclined configuration SHARP should launch vehicles to apogees in excess of 400 km and ranges in excess of 700 km.

Bertolini, L.R.; Hunter, J.W. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Powell, J.R. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Tidman, D.A. [GT-Devices, Inc., Alexandria, VA (United States)

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

APS Alternative Fuel (Hydrogen) Pilot Plant - Monitoring System Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys (DOEs) Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA), along with Electric Transportation Applications and Arizona Pubic Service (APS), is monitoring the operations of the APS Alternative Fuel (Hydrogen) Pilot Plant to determine the costs to produce hydrogen fuels (including 100% hydrogen as well as hydrogen and compressed natural gas blends) for use by fleets and other operators of advanced-technology vehicles. The hydrogen fuel cost data will be used as benchmark data by technology modelers as well as research and development programs. The Pilot Plant can produce up to 18 kilograms (kg) of hydrogen per day by electrolysis. It can store up to 155 kg of hydrogen at various pressures up to 6,000 psi. The dispenser island can fuel vehicles with 100% hydrogen at 5,000 psi and with blends of hydrogen and compressed natural gas at 3,600 psi. The monitoring system was designed to track hydrogen delivery to each of the three storage areas and to monitor the use of electricity on all major equipment in the Pilot Plant, including the fuel dispenser island. In addition, water used for the electrolysis process is monitored to allow calculation of the total cost of plant operations and plant efficiencies. The monitoring system at the Pilot Plant will include about 100 sensors when complete (50 are installed to date), allowing for analysis of component, subsystems, and plant-level costs. The monitoring software is mostly off-the-shelve, with a custom interface. The majority of the sensors input to the Programmable Automation Controller as 4- to 20-mA analog signals. The plant can be monitored over of the Internet, but the control functions are restricted to the control room equipment. Using the APS general service plan E32 electric rate of 2.105 cents per kWh, during a recent eight-month period when 1,200 kg of hydrogen was produced and the plant capacity factor was 26%, the electricity cost to produce one kg of hydrogen was $3.43. However, the plant capacity factor has been increasing, with a recent one-month high of 49%. If a plant capacity factor of 70% can be achieved with the present equipment, the cost of electricity would drop to $2.39 per kg of hydrogen. In this report, the power conversion (76.7%), cell stack (53.1%), and reverse osmosis system (7.14%) efficiencies are also calculated, as is the water cost per kg of hydrogen produced ($0.10 per kg). The monitoring system has identified several areas having the potential to lower costs, including using an reverse osmosis system with a higher efficiency, improving the electrolysis power conversion efficiency, and using air cooling to replace some or all chiller cooling. These activities are managed by the Idaho National Laboratory for the AVTA, which is part of DOEs FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program.

James Francfort; Dimitri Hochard

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

An MHD heat source based on intermetallic reactions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The main objective of this program was the development of an MHD heat source of potential use in Space - Based Multi Megawatt, MHD Power Systems. The approach is based on extension of high temperature chemical/ion release technology developed by the General Sciences, Incorporated (GSI) team and successfully applied in other Space Applications. Solid state reactions have been identified which can deliver energy densities and electrons in excess of those from high energy explosives as well as other conventional fuels. The use of intermetallic reactions can be used to generate hot hydrogen plasma from the reaction, to create a high level of seedant ionization, can be packaged as a cartridge type fuels for discrete pulses. The estimated weight for energizing a (100 MW - 1000 sec) Pulsed MHD Power System can range from 12 to 25 {times} 10{sup 3} kg depending on reaction system and strength of the magnetic field. The program consisted of two major tasks with eight subtasks designed to systematically evaluate these concepts in order to reduce fuel weight requirements. Laboratory measurements on energy release, reaction product identification and levels of ionization were conducted in the first task to screen candidate fuels. The second task addressed the development of a reaction chamber in which conductivity, temperature and pressure were measured. Instrumentation was developed to measure these parameters under high temperature pulsed conditions in addition to computer programs to reduce the raw data. Measurements were conducted at GSI laboratories for fuel weights of up to 120 grams and at the Franklin Research Center* for fuel weights up to 1 kilogram. The results indicate that fuel weight can be scaled using modular packaging. Estimates are presented for fuel weight requirements. 15 refs.

Sadjian, H.; Zavitsanos, P. (General Sciences, Inc., Souderton, PA (United States)); Marston, C.H. (Villanova Univ., PA (United States))

1991-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

497

SRNL - News Room  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Paves Way for Portable Power Systems Paves Way for Portable Power Systems ( PDF button Download printer-friendly, PDF version) SRNL Portable Power Research AIKEN, S.C. (January 9, 2012) - Developments by hydrogen researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) are paving the way for the successful development of portable power systems with capacities that far exceed the best batteries available today. SRNL's advances in the use of alane, a lightweight material for storing hydrogen, may be the key that unlocks the development of portable fuel cell systems that meet the needs for both military and commercial portable power applications. SRNL has demonstrated a practical path to portable power systems based on alane and similar high capacity hydrogen storage materials that provide the sought-after high specific energy, which means the amount of energy per weight. Their accomplishments to date include developing a lower-cost method of producing alane, developing a method to dramatically increase the amount of hydrogen it releases, and demonstrating a working system powering a 150 W fuel cell. Portable power equipment manufacturers are looking for systems that can provide specific energies greater than 1000 watt-hours per kilogram (Wh/kg); that's more than 2 to 3 times the capacity of the best primary lithium batteries today. "Higher specific energy means more energy per weight," said SRNL's Dr. Ted Motyka. "The goal is to provide sufficient energy to a system that is light enough to be carried by a soldier or used in unmanned aircraft and other applications where weight is a factor."

498

Phys-068 Energy, Work, and Power revised \\Ch-01 Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy is a very important concept both in physics and in our world at large. Energy takes various forms. A massive truck traveling along the highway at a high speed has much kinetic energy; a water reservoir just above a dam contains significant gravitational potential energy; a tank of gasoline contains significant chemical energy; radio waves emitted from a broadcast antenna contain energy stored in the electric and magnetic fields. Energy can take on many forms but it is never created or destroyed. This is one of the fundamental laws of physics. We say that energy is conserved. Various forms of energy include heat, light, radio waves, translational kinetic energy, rotational kinetic energy, gravitational potential energy, chemical energy, and electric potential energy. Even mass is a 2 form of energy as Einstein showed in his famous formula, E = mc. In this short tutorial I hope to present the basic energy concepts that you will need to consider practical problems involving building energy. This tutorial cannot hope to substitute for a physics course. 1. System of Units and Conversions In physics, work has a precise definition involving a force and distance. Scientists world wide have adapted a system of measurements called System International (SI). In this system length is measured in meters (m), mass in kilograms (kg), and time in seconds (s). The subset of the SI units which are commonly used in physics courses is called the MKS system (for meterkilogram-second). In SI units temperature is measured in Kelvin (K). A less well-known quantity is charge. The SI unit for quantity of charge is the Coulomb (C). One coulomb is equal to the total charge of 6.24 x 10 18 protons. Many other quantities are derived from these basic units and are given their own names. Below is a summary of the main quantities of interest in this course.

unknown authors

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

An Analysis of a Spreader Bar Crane Mounted Gamma-Ray Radiation Detection System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Over 95% of imports entering the United States from outside North America arrive via cargo containers by sea at 329 ports of entry. The current layered approach for the detection only scans 5% of cargo bound for the United States. This is inadequate to protect our country. This research involved the building of a gamma-ray radiation detection system used for cargo scanning. The system was mounted on a spreader bar crane (SBC) at the Port of Tacoma (PoT) and the applicability and capabilities of the system were analyzed. The detection system provided continuous count rate and spectroscopic data among three detectors while operating in an extreme environment. In a separate set of experiments, 60Co and 137Cs sources were positioned inside a cargo container and data were recorded for several count times. The Monte Carlo N-Particle (MCNP) code was used to simulate a radioactive source inside an empty cargo container and the results were compared to experimentally recorded data. The detection system demonstrated the ability to detect 60Co, 137Cs, 192Ir, highly-enriched uranium (HEU), and weapons-grade plutonium (WGPu) with minimum detectable activities (MDA) of 5.9 0.4 microcuries (?Ci), 19.3 1.1 ?Ci, 11.7 0.6 ?Ci, 3.5 0.3 kilograms (kg), and 30.6 1.3 grams (g), respectively. This system proved strong gamma-ray detection capabilities, but was limited in the detection of fissile materials Additional details of this system are presented and advantages of this approach to cargo scanning over current approaches are discussed.

Grypp, Matthew D

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Continuous Process for Low-Cost, High-Quality YSZ Powder  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes results obtained by NexTech Materials, Ltd. in a project funded by DOE under the auspices of the Solid-State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA). The project focused on development of YSZ electrolyte powder synthesis technology that could be ''tailored'' to the process-specific needs of different solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) designs being developed by SECA's industry teams. The work in the project involved bench-scale processing work aimed at establishing a homogeneous precipitation process for producing YSZ electrolyte powder, scaleup of the process to 20-kilogram batch sizes, and evaluation of the YSZ powder products produced by the process. The developed process involved the steps of: (a) preparation of an aqueous hydrous oxide slurry via coprecipitation; (b) washing of residual salts from the precipitated hydroxide slurry followed by drying; (c) calcination of the dried powder to crystallize the YSZ powder and achieve desired surface area; and (d) milling of the calcined powder to targeted particle size. YSZ powders thus prepared were subjected to a comprehensive set of characterization and performance tests, including particle size distribution and surface area analyses, sintering performance studies, and ionic conductivity measurements. A number of different YSZ powder formulations were established, all of which had desirable performance attributes relative to commercially available YSZ powders. Powder characterization and performance metrics that were established at the onset of the project were met or exceeded. A manufacturing cost analysis was performed, and a manufactured cost of $27/kg was estimated based on this analysis. The analysis also allowed an identification of process refinements that would lead to even lower cost.

Scott L. Swartz; Michael Beachy; Matthew M. Seabaugh

2006-03-31T23:59:59.000Z