Sample records for key developing economies

  1. The application of a hybrid energy-economy model to a key developing country China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The application of a hybrid energy-economy model to a key developing country ­ China JianJun Tu, a hybrid (bottom-up/top-down) energy- economy model, to test how different policy packages could, Vancouver, V5A 1S6, Canada E-mail (Jaccard): Jaccard@sfu.ca Energy security, local air pollution and GHG

  2. Workforce Development in the Global Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, David

    Workforce Development in the Global Economy: LINKING SKILLS AND CAPABILITIES Phil Psilos & Competitiveness Duke University INTRODUCTION NOVEMBER 2011 #12;Workforce Development in the Global Economy competitiveness, and innovation in the knowledge economy. Duke CGGC works with a network of researchers

  3. Essays on institutions in developing economies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiao Yu, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary goal of this thesis is to gain a deeper understanding of how institutional structure responds and evolves in equilibrium, particularly in the idiosyncratic and dynamic settings of developing economies. I use ...

  4. Richard C.Blum Center Developing Economies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zakhor, Avideh

    2008 ANNUAL REPORT Real-World Solutions to Combat Poverty #12;RICHARD C. BLUM CENTER FOR DEVELOPING Center for Developing Economies. Over 1,000 students have participated in our poverty alleviation efforts and the historic tradition of service at the University of California. · Our Global Poverty and Practice minor

  5. THE BLUM CENTER FOR DEVELOPING ECONOMIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zakhor, Avideh

    THE BLUM CENTER FOR DEVELOPING ECONOMIES 2009 ANNUAL REPORT Real-World Solutions to Combat Poverty academic minor in Global Poverty and Practice is now the largest on campus -- nearly 400 strong and growing participants in the fight against global poverty. We are investing in undergraduates in a way that is virtually

  6. Reconsidering Sustainable Development: Urbanization, Political-Economy, and Deliberative Democracy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roman-Alcalá, Antonio M.M.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    32, (2012): 3-11. Sustainable Development Connelly, Michael.state economy. ” Sustainable Development Commission of theBroadview Press, 2006. Sustainable Development Jones, D.W. “

  7. Aspects of the political economy of development and synthetic biology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wellhausen, Rachel

    What implications might synthetic biology’s potential as a wholly new method of production have for the world economy, particularly developing countries? Theories of political economy predict that synthetic biology can ...

  8. Enhancing low-carbon development by greening the economy: policy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    low-carbon development by greening the economy: policy dialogue, advisory services, benchmarking Jump to: navigation, search Name Enhancing low-carbon development by greening the...

  9. Does imperfect competition foster capital accumulation in a developing economy ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Does imperfect competition foster capital accumulation in a developing economy ? Pascal Belan competition and capital accumulation in a dual economy, with traditional and modern sectors and two types. Capitalists accumulate wealth in the modern sector. The economy is open to cap- ital flows, but capitalists

  10. Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haring, Ben

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dynasty. (Davies 1943: pl. XXIX). Economy, Haring, UEE 2009J OHN B AINES Short Citation: Haring, 2009, Economy. UEE.Citation: Haring, Ben, 2009, Economy. In Elizabeth Frood and

  11. Income and Poverty in a Developing Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chattopadhyay, Amit K; Mallick, Sushanta K

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a stochastic agent-based model for the distribution of personal incomes in a developing economy. We start with the assumption that incomes are determined both by individual labour and by stochastic effects of trading and investment. The income from personal effort alone is distributed about a mean, while the income from trade, which may be positive or negative, is proportional to the trader's income. These assumptions lead to a Langevin model with multiplicative noise, from which we derive a Fokker-Planck (FP) equation for the income probability density function (IPDF) and its variation in time. We find that high earners have a power-law income distribution while the low income groups have a Levy IPDF. Comparing our analysis with the Indian survey data (obtained from the world bank website) taken over many years we obtain a near-perfect data collapse onto our model's equilibrium IPDF. The theory quantifies the economic notion of ``given other things''. Using survey data to relate the IPDF to actual...

  12. Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit Program (Illinois)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit Program encourages companies to remain, expand, or locate in Illinois. The program provides tax credits to qualifying companies equal to...

  13. Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit (Indiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit is awarded to businesses with projects that result in net new jobs. The tax credit must be a major factor in the company’s decision to move...

  14. Developing the New Bio-economy Workforce

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Daniel Cassidy, National Institute of Food and Agriculture, presents on developing the new bioeconomy workforce for the Biomass/Clean Cities States Webinar.

  15. Ghana-Enhancing Low-carbon Development by Greening the Economy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    carbon Development by Greening the Economy: Policy Dialogue, Advisory Services, Benchmarking Jump to: navigation, search Name Ghana-Enhancing Low-carbon Development by Greening the...

  16. Develop Improved Materials to Support the Hydrogen Economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dr. Michael C. Martin

    2012-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The Edison Materials Technology Center (EMTEC) solicited and funded hydrogen infrastructure related projects that have a near term potential for commercialization. The subject technology of each project is related to the US Department of Energy hydrogen economy goals as outlined in the multi-year plan titled, 'Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technologies Program Multi-Year Research, Development and Demonstration Plan.' Preference was given to cross cutting materials development projects that might lead to the establishment of manufacturing capability and job creation. The Edison Materials Technology Center (EMTEC) used the US Department of Energy hydrogen economy goals to find and fund projects with near term commercialization potential. An RFP process aligned with this plan required performance based objectives with go/no-go technology based milestones. Protocols established for this program consisted of a RFP solicitation process, white papers and proposals with peer technology and commercialization review (including DoE), EMTEC project negotiation and definition and DoE cost share approval. Our RFP approach specified proposals/projects for hydrogen production, hydrogen storage or hydrogen infrastructure processing which may include sensor, separator, compression, maintenance, or delivery technologies. EMTEC was especially alert for projects in the appropriate subject area that have cross cutting materials technology with near term manufacturing and commercialization opportunities.

  17. Manufacturing for the Hydrogen Economy Manufacturing Research & Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to coordinate and leverage the current federal efforts focused on manufacturability issues such as low-cost of the hydrogen and fuel cell technologies needed to move the United States toward a future hydrogen economy of a hydrogen energy economy, moving from today's laboratory-scale fabrication technologies to high

  18. The Response of Developing Island Economies to Coral1 Bleaching Events2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bauer, Dana Marie

    The Response of Developing Island Economies to Coral1 Bleaching Events2 James George Baldwin1 bleaching induced coral reef degradation and the economies of the U.N. defined small island developing and the health of the reef. Our findings highlight the striking need for better management of coral reef

  19. Energy Security: A Key Requirement forSustainable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Energy Security: A Key Requirement forSustainable Development Perspective and Action Plan Robert Card Under Secretary US Department of Energy August 30, 2002 Session One: Maintaining Energy Security WSSD Side Event Energy for Sustainable Development IEA/UNEP/Eskom #12;2 Energy Security is a Key

  20. Economic structure and development in an emergent Asian economy: evidence from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Economic structure and development in an emergent Asian economy: evidence from a social accounting matrix for vietnam$ Finn Tarpa,*,1 , David Roland-Holstb , John Randa a Institute of Economics Vietnam started a wide-ranging process of economic reform in 1986 and is presently opening up its economy

  1. Modelling energy-economy interactions in small developing countries : a case study of Sri Lanka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blitzer, Charles R.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is addressed at modelling energy-economy interactions in small developing countries, those with populations less than 20 million or so and where neither the industrial or energy sectors are dominant. The overall ...

  2. E000308 economic development and the environment Economic development in low-income economies is initially highly resource-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coxhead, Ian

    E000308 economic development and the environment Economic development in low-income economies sources of emissions that contribute to global climate change. Economic development depends on sustained drawdowns, may affect economic development in a dynamic interaction. This feedback is hard to quantify

  3. Political economy of Maghribi oil: Change and development in Algeria and Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vandewalle, D.J.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the wake of rapidly growing oil and natural gas revenues, Algeria and Libya during the 1970s adopted a state capitalist strategy in order to minimize the dislocations caused by continued reliance on the international economy and, in the long run, to move toward more self-reliant local economies. International political economy theories until now have paid relatively little attention to the impact of the state in the development process, assuming that state formation and bureaucratic development go hand in hand. But in Libya and Algeria they remained disjointed. This was further exacerbated by the rentier nature of their economies which allowed for the distribution of assets without real political participation. In Algeria a techno-bureaucratic elite, to which the state quickly lost control during the 1970s, was put in charge of development. By 1976 the inefficiencies of the public sector and the alignment of the techno-bureaucratic elite with an expanding private sector led Algeria back toward a more market-oriented development strategy. In Libya a much smaller population and larger revenues have allowed the Qadhdhafi government to prolong the state capitalists experiment without paying serious attention to either economic or political development.

  4. Local alternative energy futures: developing economies/building communities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Totten, M.; Glass, B.; Freedberg, M.; Webb, L.

    1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A separate abstract was prepared for each of the three parts of the conference. A sufficient range of information is presented to enable interested parties to explore the viable alternatives for community self-sufficiency. The parts are entitled: Financial Incentives and Funding Sources; Standards, Regulations, Mandates, Ordinances, Covenants; and Community/Economic Development. (MCW)

  5. How can environmental regulations promote clean coal technology adoption in APEC developing economies?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The study examines both existing and emerging regulatory frameworks in order to determine which type of regulations that would be most effective at promoting clean coal technology adoption in development Asia Pacific Economic Co-operation (APEC) economies and would be practical to implement. regulations targeting air emissions; regulations targeting water use; and regulations concerning coal combustion by-products. When considering the potential effect of existing and new environmental regulations on the adoption of clean coal the analysis of technologies was organised into three categories: environmental control technologies; high efficiency coal combustion technologies; and carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS). To target the recommendations towards APEC economies that would benefit the most from this analysis, the study focused on developing and transition APEC economies that are expected to rely on coal for a large part of their future generating capacity. These economies include China, Indonesia, the Philippines, the Russian Federation, Thailand, and Vietnam. ACARP provided funding to this study, under Project C15078. 10 figs., 14 tabs., 10 apps.

  6. Towards A Hydrogen Economy, 3. edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The report provides a study of the movement towards using hydrogen as a key energy carrier in the future and takes a high-level look at the current state of hydrogen and addresses the infrastructure requirements needed to make the hydrogen economy a reality. The report offers a detailed look at the move to a hydrogen economy by: identifying the current status of hydrogen production and use; discussing the key business drivers of the move towards hydrogen; discussing the barriers to implementation that stand in the way of a transition; providing a critical look at whether the hydrogen economy can succeed; describing the options that exist for a hydrogen infrastructure; identifying the key government initiatives making the hydrogen economy a reality; providing company-by-company profiles of automobile manufacturer efforts to develop and commercialize hydrogen vehicles; and, providing profiles of key hydrogen infrastructure manufacturers.

  7. The Knowledge Based Bio-Economy at work: from large scale experiences to instruments for rural and local development G. Henry and E.J. Trigo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    The Knowledge Based Bio-Economy at work: from large scale experiences to instruments for rural BIO-ECONOMY AT WORK: FROM LARGE SCALE EXPERIENCES TO INSTRUMENTS FOR RURAL AND LOCAL DEVELOPMENT Guy Email: ejtrigo@gmail.com Abstract - The new bio-economy is increasingly seen as a workable alternative

  8. CORN DEVELOPMENT AND KEY GROWTH STAGES Brent Bean and Carl Patrick, Extension Agronomist and Entomologist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    CORN DEVELOPMENT AND KEY GROWTH STAGES Brent Bean and Carl Patrick, Extension Agronomist to have the soil profile full of water prior to tas

  9. Energy for sustainable development: Key issues and challenges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaygusuz, K. [Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon (Turkey). Dept. of Chemistry

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy generation and use are strongly linked to all elements of sustainable development such as economic, social, and environmental. The history of human development rests on the availability and use of energy, the transformation from the early use of fire and animal power that improved lives, to the present world with use of electricity and clean fuels for a multitude of purposes. Energy is the neglected issue of the development debate. The lack of access to reliable and clean energy supplies is a major barrier to improving human well-being around the globe. There are an estimated 1.6 billion people living in the rural areas of developing countries who lack access to electricity, and so dependence on fossil fuels. Combustion of fossil fuels produces large amounts of CO{sub 2}, an important greenhouse gas. In response to increasing concern about the effect of anthropogenic greenhouse gases on global climate, international action has been agreed to reduce these emissions. On the other hand, renewable energy is the great, barely tapped solution to the two great challenges of the coming century such as poverty and global warming. Not only can renewable energy provide a clean, flexible power source for homes, schools and hospitals, at the micro-to-medium scale it has huge potential to create meaningful and useful jobs.

  10. Electricity and Development: Global Trends and Key Challenges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;#12;1. Energy and economic growth National income and consumption per capita Source: Modi, 2004 #12;1. Energy.6%) Indonesia (5.1%) Korea (7.2%) Mexico (2.2%) Turkey (3.7%) US (3.2%) Source of data: IEA, 2004 #12;2. Energy of living · GDP per capita (PPP US$) #12;2. Energy and Human Development Per capita energy consumption HDI

  11. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    climate change, and local economies:  Facilitating communication climate change, and local economies:  Facilitating communication 

  12. Framework for developing and deploying location-based services in emerging economies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katchy, Ifeanyi

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The general belief is that Location-Based Services (LBS) in emerging economies does not make much sense until there is widespread availability of geographic information system (GIS) data, broadband internet access, payment ...

  13. Capacity Development, Education & Training Integrated and sustained action is the key

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capacity Development, Education & Training Integrated and sustained action is the key Thematic Background Paper January 2004 Author: John Christensen Global Network on Energy for Sustainable Development to sustainable energy development. The rapid development of individual RE technologies along with basic changes

  14. Technology status and project development risks of advanced coal power generation technologies in APEC developing economies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lusica, N.; Xie, T.; Lu, T.

    2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The report reviews the current status of IGCC and supercritical/ultrasupercritical pulverized-coal power plants and summarizes risks associated with project development, construction and operation. The report includes an economic analysis using three case studies of Chinese projects; a supercritical PC, an ultrasupercritical PC, and an IGCC plant. The analysis discusses barriers to clean coal technologies and ways to encourage their adoption for new power plants. 25 figs., 25 tabs.

  15. Simulation study of the impact of world oil prices on the development of the Libyan economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abosedra, S.S.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this study was to determine quantitatively how sensitive and vulnerable the Libyan economy's aggregates are to fluctuations in world oil prices. In order to achieve the goal, a macroeconomic model of the Libyan economy was constructed using annual data from 1962-1978. The model contains 36 relations, of which 19 are behavioral equations and 17 are identities. The model was validated by both historical simulation and a one-period out-of-sample forecast. Having established the predictive ability of the model, alternative future scenarios of the Libyan economy were examined from 1980-1987 by performing an ex-ante simulation for this period. This simulation was divided into two sections. The first covers the period 1980-1983, for which actual data for Libyan oil prices and the volume of Libyan oil exports are available. The second section covers the period 1984-1987. In this section the future of the Libyan economy was simulated under a basic price scenario which reflects the most likely forecast regarding the world oil price level from 1984-1987. In addition, a sensitivity analysis was performed by establishing a new scenario for the world oil price level from 1984-1987. A comparison the results of these simulations shows the effects resulting from changes in the world oil price level on the Libyan economy.

  16. BUSINESSES AS ONE OF THE KEY ELEMENTS OF A REGION'S SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BUSINESSES AS ONE OF THE KEY ELEMENTS OF A REGION'S SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT of sustainable development should be taken into account by these actors. Businesses (especially SMEs) whose aim-words : sustainable development, territory, businesses, governance, stakeholders Mots-clés : développement durable

  17. Cooperatives' contributions to a plural economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    23 Cooperatives' contributions to a plural economy Jérôme Blanc* and Denis Colongo** T he European economy(1) . The central theme of the conference was the contributions of cooperatives to a plural economy and solidarity economy and elsewhere, and some of them draw on Karl Polanyi's conceptual framework (a key

  18. Research and Development at U.S. Research Universities: An Analysis of Scope Economies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foltz, Jeremy D.

    and synergies arising between traditional university research outputs (articles and doctorates) and academic traditional university research outputs (articles and doctorates) and academic patents. We propose a new data from 92 research universities show significant economies of scope between articles and patents

  19. Sorghum Development and Key Growth Stages Brent Bean and Carl Patrick, Extension Agronomist and Entomologist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    Sorghum Development and Key Growth Stages Brent Bean and Carl Patrick, Extension Agronomist the length of the peduncle. ! Maximum water use occurs at this stage. Crop will respond vary favorably the fingers. ! Three-fourths of grain dry weight has accumulated. ! Water stress during grain fill may cause

  20. Abstract--Wave energy will have a key role in meeting re-newable energy targets en route to a low carbon economy. How-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, Gareth

    1 Abstract--Wave energy will have a key role in meeting re- newable energy targets en route will impact on wave energy conversion. Where the resource is restricted there may be reductions in energy the sensitivity of wave energy production and econom- ics to changes in climate. Index Terms--Wave energy

  1. Migration and the Sending Economy: A Disaggregated Rural Economy Wide Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, J. Edward; Dyer, George

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A Stylized Village Economy-Wide Model with Nonseparable FarmNetworks in the Modern Economy: Mexican Migrants in the U.S.in a Household-farm Economy. ” Journal of Development

  2. Key Parameters Affecting DPF Performance Degradation and Impact...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Parameters Affecting DPF Performance Degradation and Impact on Lifetime Fuel Economy Key Parameters Affecting DPF Performance Degradation and Impact on Lifetime Fuel Economy...

  3. Web-GIS oriented systems viability for municipal solid waste selective collection optimization in developed and transient economies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rada, E.C., E-mail: Elena.Rada@ing.unitn.it [University of Trento, Department of Civil, Environmental and Mechanical Engineering, Via Mesiano, 77, 38123 Trento (Italy); Ragazzi, M. [University of Trento, Department of Civil, Environmental and Mechanical Engineering, Via Mesiano, 77, 38123 Trento (Italy); Fedrizzi, P. [I and S, Informatica e Servizi srl, Via Solteri, 74, 38121 Trento (Italy)

    2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: ? As an appropriate solution for MSW management in developed and transient countries. ? As an option to increase the efficiency of MSW selective collection. ? As an opportunity to integrate MSW management needs and services inventories. ? As a tool to develop Urban Mining actions. - Abstract: Municipal solid waste management is a multidisciplinary activity that includes generation, source separation, storage, collection, transfer and transport, processing and recovery, and, last but not least, disposal. The optimization of waste collection, through source separation, is compulsory where a landfill based management must be overcome. In this paper, a few aspects related to the implementation of a Web-GIS based system are analyzed. This approach is critically analyzed referring to the experience of two Italian case studies and two additional extra-European case studies. The first case is one of the best examples of selective collection optimization in Italy. The obtained efficiency is very high: 80% of waste is source separated for recycling purposes. In the second reference case, the local administration is going to be faced with the optimization of waste collection through Web-GIS oriented technologies for the first time. The starting scenario is far from an optimized management of municipal solid waste. The last two case studies concern pilot experiences in China and Malaysia. Each step of the Web-GIS oriented strategy is comparatively discussed referring to typical scenarios of developed and transient economies. The main result is that transient economies are ready to move toward Web oriented tools for MSW management, but this opportunity is not yet well exploited in the sector.

  4. Made for export : labor migration, state power, and higher education in a developing Philippine economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruiz, Neil G

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Development scholars, heavily influenced by the cases of the four Asian Tigers (Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan), have attributed success in economic development to education. Although the Philippines seemed ...

  5. Divorce Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

    2006-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Broadcast Transcript: Is divorce good for the economy? Some market analysts in South Korea would answer with a resounding "geu rum yo!" That's "Yes!" in Korean. Korea's rapidly rising divorce rate seems to have softened the stigma attached...

  6. Hydrogen storage for vehicular applications: Technology status and key development areas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robinson, S.L.; Handrock, J.L.

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The state-of-the-art of hydrogen storage technology is reviewed, including gaseous, liquid, hydride, surface adsorbed media, glass microsphere, chemical reaction, and liquid chemical technologies. The review of each technology includes a discussion of advantages, disadvantages, likelihood of success, and key research and development activities. A preferred technological path for the development of effective near-term hydrogen storage includes both cur-rent DOT qualified and advanced compressed storage for down-sized highly efficient but moderate range vehicles, and liquid storage for fleet vehicle applications. Adsorbate media are also suitable for fleet applications but not for intermittent uses. Volume-optimized transition metal hydride beds are also viable for short range applications. Long-term development of coated nanoparticulate or metal matrix high conductivity magnesium alloy, is recommended. In addition, a room temperature adsorbate medium should be developed to avoid cryogenic storage requirements. Chemical storage and oxidative schemes present serious obstacles which must be addressed for these technologies to have a future role.

  7. NIST ITL Participation in Voluntary Standards Developing Organizations (Key: Highlighted activities represent areas, which are international in scope.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 NIST ITL Participation in Voluntary Standards Developing Organizations (Key: Highlighted Technical Standards Committee E. Simmon 775 IEC SC3D International Electrotechnical Commission Subcommittee International Electrotechnical Commission Technical Committee 111, Environmental standardization for electrical

  8. NIST ITL Participation in Voluntary Standards Developing Organizations (Key: Highlighted activities represent areas, which are international in scope; US TAG = US Technical Advisory Group)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NIST ITL Participation in Voluntary Standards Developing Organizations (Key: Highlighted activities ITL Participation in Voluntary Standards Developing Organizations (Key: Highlighted activities-Use Applications and Loads D. Su 772 #12;NIST ITL Participation in Voluntary Standards Developing Organizations

  9. Agricultural development in a petroleum-based economy: the Libyan case

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El-Faedy, M.A.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to identify major factors explaining variations in agricultural development in an agricultural settlement in Libya. The study differs from previous research because it dealt with a capital-surplus country with low-population density. In addition, most studies reported earlier were cross-sectional. This study also had access to longitudinal data. Results indicated that age and personal adjustment are the only two variables that have statistically significant effects on farm productivity. The effects of education, household size, and of the adoption of innovations were low and insignificant. Moreover, the overall fit of the model was not satisfactory. In order to improve the predictions, a new model was suggested which included utilization of technology, farm resources, family assistance, farmer's age, and level of education. The results from this revised model indicated that in addition to age, utilization of technology and farm resources also have positive and statistically significant effects on productivity. The implications of these findings are discussed within the context of Libya being a capital-surplus country without having population problems.

  10. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS &INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS &INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS & THE GLOBAL ECONOMYTHE GLOBAL ECONOMYTHE GLOBAL ECONOMY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krylov, Anna I.

    GLOBAL ECONOMYTHE GLOBAL ECONOMY This major offers students rigorous interdisciplinary training 331: The Global Economy 2030 -- Examination of key ideas from economics, demography and technology. Guest lecturers illuminate possible conditions of the global economy in 2030. IR 454: International

  11. Practical Training in Microalgae Utilization with Key Industry Engineering Group Key Industry Engineering Group s.r.o. has developed a biotechnology for the production of an animal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Practical Training in Microalgae Utilization with Key Industry Engineering Group Key Industry on a suspension of Planktochlorella microalgae. The product consists of a suspension of algae in the growing

  12. Macro-econometric model of the Nigerian economy: a simulated analysis of oil shocks in a development context

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Usip, E.E.E.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The precarious position of Nigeria in being a one-resource (oil) based economy in terms of revenue generation has become a major cause of concern for the experts and political pundits. In this study, the author seeks to explore further the empirical basis for this concern in two stages. First, a macro-econometric model of Nigeria was constructed and evaluated. The model highlights the various channels through which the oil sector influences the rest of the economy. Economic theory, econometric techniques, existing fund of knowledge in the practice, computer simulation, and the institutional framework of Nigeria were brought to bear upon the modeling process. In the second stage, the resulting simulation model was used to examine the sensitivity of the economy to the leading sector (oil) as well as the growth potential of Nigeria up to 1986. The crucial question that was addressed is: will the oil sector be able to support a continuing economic growth of Nigeria in the absence of policy initiatives to diversify the revenue base of the economy. Although the empirical findings are hypothetical, they do have far-reaching implications for Nigeria's growth prospects and political stability.

  13. Island Political Economy Geoff Bertram & Bernard Poirine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    323 Chapter 10 Island Political Economy Geoff Bertram & Bernard Poirine Introduction In this chapter we build on the observation that island economies, and especially small ones (population below one of development strategies. Common elements of "islandness" may serve to define island economies as a general

  14. Green Jobs and Energy Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    , that is The clean energy industry has been targeted as a key area for investment for three primary reasons: greaterGreen Jobs and the Clean Energy Economy ThoughT Leadership series Co-authors Daniel M. Kammen, Founding Director, Renewable and Appropriate Energy Laboratory University of California, Berkeley Ditlev

  15. Green Jobs and Energy Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    as a key area for investment for three primary reasons: greater energy in- dependence, improvedGreen Jobs and the Clean Energy Economy THOUGHT LEADERSHIP SERIES Co-authors Ditlev Engel, Chief Distinguished Professor of Energy Founding Director, Renewable and Appropriate Energy Laboratory Co

  16. A Caricature (Model) of the World Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caballero, Ricardo

    2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper provides a stylized model of the workings of a global economy where one of its key driving factors is economic agents’ continuous struggle to find assets in which to park financial resources. This struggle ...

  17. NIST ITL Participation in Voluntary Standards Developing Organizations (Key: Highlighted activities represent areas, which are international in scope.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 NIST ITL Participation in Voluntary Standards Developing Organizations (Key: Highlighted Quality and Statistics C.M. Wang 898 ASTM E-21 Color and Appearance A. Aviles 898 BioAPI Consortium Biometric Application Programming Interface (API) Consortium F. Podio 893 HIMSS/IHE Healthcare Information

  18. Model Comparison: A Key Challenge for Transformation Testing and Version Control in Model Driven Software Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Jeffrey G.

    Model Comparison: A Key Challenge for Transformation Testing and Version Control in Model Driven practices associated with model transformation testing and version control of models. 1. Introduction target model). #12;· Version Control Tools do not Match the Structural Nature of Models An essential

  19. Growing Green As part of its strategic plan to foster growth and development in key

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denham, Graham

    reconstruction, nuclear waste containment and disposal, and photochemical deconstruction of pollutants Key remediation technologies for hazardous industrial pollutants in soil and groundwater · Geotechnical Research contamination and remediation, and management of mine wastes For more information, please visit: www.uwo.ca/enviro

  20. The monetary approach to the balance of payments: The case of the oil-based, small, open, developing economies of Libya, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buzakuk, M.R.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study explores the determinants of foreign reserves flow in light of the oil-based small open economies of Libya, Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia. The period of study encompasses the major oil price increases of the 1970s and early 1980s, which had led to the huge transfers of foreign exchanges towards these, among other, developing economies. The framework of analysis is basically a monetary approach to the balance of payments. This study is of both a theoretical and empirical nature. It utilizes the monetary forces in the domestic money market to derive a basic balance of payments (BOP) equation that explains the monetary nature of the balance of payments. The study found that the data from those countries support the monetary relationships as hypothesized by the monetary approach, especially the negative one-to-one relation between domestic credit (DC) and the BOP. Results from the simultaneous estimations of the BOP and DC reported better estimates than the single-equation model. Findings from the reaction function indicated that the monetary authorities of these oil-based economies were actively sterilizing the effect of foreign reserve flows. Findings supported the integrated market hypothesis in Kuwait and Libya, but not in the Saudi case.

  1. PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Global Political Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weyde, Tillman

    PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION ­ POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES KEY FACTS Programme name Global Political Economy programme in Global Political Economy at City University, you will engage in advanced study of various MA degree in global political economy with a mixture of core courses covering general concepts

  2. Corruption, Institutions and Economic Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aidt, Toke S

    and in developing the underlying theory (Dasgupta, 2001, chapter 9; Hamilton and Clemens, 1999). Loosely speaking, sustainable development is related to an economy?s ability to maintain living standards through time. More precisely, Arrow et al. (2004) suggest... capita ?a direct measure of sustainable development ?and corruption. While corruption may have little average e¤ect on the growth rate of GDP per capita, it is a likely source of unsustainable development. Key words: Corruption, Growth, Sustainable...

  3. Demand-side issues of the service economy Paru dans : Review of Political Economy, Vol. 16, No. 4, Oct. 2004.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Demand-side issues of the service economy Paru dans : Review of Political Economy, Vol. 16, No. 4 the relevance of the demand-side approach to the development of a service economy. Its starts by addressing some in "Review of Political Economy 16, 4 (2004) 473-483" #12;2 1. Introduction Since the 1980s, most

  4. Hydrogen Economy: Opportunities and Challenges *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A hydrogen economy, the long-term goal of many nations, can potentially provide energy security, along with environmental and economic benefits. However, the transition from a conventional petroleum-based energy system to a hydrogen economy involves many uncertainties, such as the development of efficient fuel cell technologies, problems in hydrogen production and distribution infrastructure, and the response of petroleum markets. This study uses the U.S. MARKAL model to simulate the impacts of hydrogen technologies on the U.S. energy system and identify potential impediments to a successful transition. Preliminary findings identify potential market barriers facing the hydrogen economy, as well as opportunities in new R&D and product markets for bioproducts. Quantitative analysis also offers insights on policy options for promoting hydrogen technologies. The objective of this paper is to study the transition from a petroleum-based energy system to a hydrogen economy, and ascertain the consequent opportunities and

  5. Key Economic Drivers Impacting Eagle Ford Development from Resource to Reserves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Del Busto Pinzon, Andres Mauricio

    2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    to develop statistical distributions for additional parameters, including differentials for commodity prices, natural gas content for the different production regions, and water/gas and water/oil ratios. We consider three evaluation scenarios–single-well...

  6. Recent hydrocarbon developments in Latin America: Key issues in the downstream oil sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, K.; Pezeshki, S.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses the following: (1) An overview of major issues in the downstream oil sector, including oil demand and product export availability, the changing product consumption pattern, and refineries being due for major investment; (2) Recent upstream developments in the oil and gas sector in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela; (3) Recent downstream developments in the oil and gas sector in Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Cuba, and Venezuela; (4) Pipelines in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, and Mexico; and (5) Regional energy balance. 4 figs., 5 tabs.

  7. A VECX* Model of the Swiss Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Assenmacher-Wesche, Katrin; Pesaran, M Hashem

    A VECX? Model of the Swiss Economy? Katrin Assenmacher-Wesche Swiss National Bank M. Hashem Pesaran Cambridge University, CIMF, and USC February 21, 2008 Abstract This paper applies the modelling strategy of Garratt, Lee, Pesaran and Shin (2003... ) to the estimation of a structural cointegrated VAR model that relates the core macroeconomic variables of the Swiss economy to current and lagged values of a number of key foreign variables. We identify and test a long-run structure between the variables. Moreover...

  8. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    development, and understand  how an energy project could support local development discourse surrounding  renewable energy, as well as the importance of local 

  9. Ecology or Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

    2007-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Broadcast Transcript: File this under "Statistics to the Rescue". Economy or ecology? Ecology or economy? Tough choice. Especially for China which is barreling recklessly ahead in its quest to become top consumer nation. A recent release from...

  10. OECD Internet Economy Outlook 2012 Access the complete publication at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weske, Mathias

    From: OECD Internet Economy Outlook 2012 Access the complete publication at: http://dx.doi.org/10 and development", in OECD Internet Economy Outlook 2012, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10 of international law. #12;OECD Internet Economy Outlook © OECD 2012 63 Chapter 2 Internet trends and development

  11. Data Assimilation Tools for CO2 Reservoir Model Development – A Review of Key Data Types, Analyses, and Selected Software

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rockhold, Mark L.; Sullivan, E. C.; Murray, Christopher J.; Last, George V.; Black, Gary D.

    2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) has embarked on an initiative to develop world-class capabilities for performing experimental and computational analyses associated with geologic sequestration of carbon dioxide. The ultimate goal of this initiative is to provide science-based solutions for helping to mitigate the adverse effects of greenhouse gas emissions. This Laboratory-Directed Research and Development (LDRD) initiative currently has two primary focus areas—advanced experimental methods and computational analysis. The experimental methods focus area involves the development of new experimental capabilities, supported in part by the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Environmental Molecular Science Laboratory (EMSL) housed at PNNL, for quantifying mineral reaction kinetics with CO2 under high temperature and pressure (supercritical) conditions. The computational analysis focus area involves numerical simulation of coupled, multi-scale processes associated with CO2 sequestration in geologic media, and the development of software to facilitate building and parameterizing conceptual and numerical models of subsurface reservoirs that represent geologic repositories for injected CO2. This report describes work in support of the computational analysis focus area. The computational analysis focus area currently consists of several collaborative research projects. These are all geared towards the development and application of conceptual and numerical models for geologic sequestration of CO2. The software being developed for this focus area is referred to as the Geologic Sequestration Software Suite or GS3. A wiki-based software framework is being developed to support GS3. This report summarizes work performed in FY09 on one of the LDRD projects in the computational analysis focus area. The title of this project is Data Assimilation Tools for CO2 Reservoir Model Development. Some key objectives of this project in FY09 were to assess the current state-of-the-art in reservoir model development, the data types and analyses that need to be performed in order to develop and parameterize credible and robust reservoir simulation models, and to review existing software that is applicable to these analyses. This report describes this effort and highlights areas in which additional software development, wiki application extensions, or related GS3 infrastructure development may be warranted.

  12. THE HYDROGEN ECONOMY A non-technical review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE HYDROGEN ECONOMY A non-technical review UNITEDNATIONSENVIRONMENTPROGRAMME #12;Copyright/iStockphoto.com #12;THE HYDROGEN ECONOMY A non-technical review #12;2 Contents Acknowledgements 3 Introduction 4 The Hydrogen Economy and Sustainable Development 6 What is Hydrogen? 6 The Environmental Implications

  13. Page 1 from 33 The "New Economy" and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varian, Hal R.

    Page 1 from 33 The "New Economy" and Information Technology Policy Pamela Samuelson Hal R. Varian of the information technology sector (IT) in the 1980s was an important development for the economy, but it spurred that the 1990's witnessed the emergence of a "New Economy." That term dates back to the 1980's when it referred

  14. Web Site: http://www.coop-program.engr.uga.edu/ms.html UGA Cooperative Engineering Program Development Key Points and Notes.docx

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    Web Site: http://www.coop-program.engr.uga.edu/ms.html UGA Cooperative Engineering Program;Web Site: http://www.coop-program.engr.uga.edu/ms.html UGA Cooperative Engineering Program Development Development Key Points and Notes.docx Latest Update: October 3, 2012 Mission Statement: The UGA Engineering

  15. THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF LABOUR MARKET POLICIES IN WESTERN AND EASTERN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galis, Frietson

    THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF LABOUR MARKET POLICIES IN WESTERN AND EASTERN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES OLAF VAN, which is a key element of the flexicurity model. Building on the political economy literature, we test in the political economy literature, but hardly for Eastern European countries, because of a lack of data. We

  16. Car buyers and fuel economy?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth S

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    corporate average fuel economy standards. Economic InquiryAll rights reserved. Keywords: Fuel economy; Fuel ef?ciency;improvement in the fuel economy of an SUV they have designed

  17. BLUM CENTER FOR DEVELOPING ECONOMIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zakhor, Avideh

    the grand challenge of global poverty. In these pages, you will meet inspiring researchers who are designing our undergraduate minor program, Global Poverty & Practice, a unique program providing a rigorous understanding of the sources and consequences of poverty and direct engagement with poverty action fieldwork. I

  18. BLUM CENTER FOR DEVELOPING ECONOMIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zakhor, Avideh

    Steven Chu rejoined the Board after serving as US Secretary of Energy; Mark Yudof joined us following his the energy and talent of the world's greatest public university in service of the public good. From Fellowship, Rebecca traveled to Bolivia. With project partner Lindsay Dreizler, she launched a curriculum

  19. Fact #659: January 24, 2011 Fuel Economy Ratings for Vehicles...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Protection Agency has developed a new methodology for determining how fuel economy information will be displayed on the window sticker of a vehicle that operates on...

  20. Pipe Insulation Economies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schilling, R. E.

    PIPE INSULATION ECONOMIES Robert E. Schilling, P.E. Eaton Corporation Aurora, Ohio ABSTRACT Pipe Insulation Economies is a computer pro gram written in IBM basic to simplify the economic insulation thickness for an insulated pipe. Many... ECONOMIES" 30 LOCATE 10,29:PRINT"ROBERT E. SCHILLING,P.E." 40 LOCATE l2,3l:PRINT"EATON CORPORATION" 50 LOCATE l3,26:PRINT"119 Q SOUTH CHILLICOTHE ROAD" 598 ESL-IE-86-06-97 Proceedings from the Eighth Annual Industrial Energy Technology Conference...

  1. CLIMATE CHANGE GLOBAL ECONOMY How to decarbonise the global economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CLIMATE CHANGE · GLOBAL ECONOMY How to decarbonise the global economy Today's report on deep efforts of independent experts from 15 countries to find national pathways to making economies based-zero emissions sometime in the second half of this century. This deep cut should occur in a growing world economy

  2. California's Green Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    existing materials Energy efficient product manufacturing, distribution, construction, installation, and maintenance Education, compliance and awareness Natural and sustainable product manufacturing For the complete's green economy Demand leads to pressure for additional supply of products and services Survey covers

  3. 21st Century jobs initiative - building the foundations for a 21st Century economy. Final main report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 21st Century Jobs Initiative has been launched in the context of new realities in Washington, D.C., rapid restructuring of the US economy and accelerating changes in the makeup of the East Tennessee economy driven by these and other external economic forces. Continuing downward pressure on Federal budgets for programs that support three key institutions in the region - DOE`s Oak Ridge complex, the Tennessee Valley Authority and research programs of the University of Tennessee - are especially threatening to the region. With a large part of its economy dependent on Federal spending, the area is at risk of troublesome impacts that could ripple out from the Oak Ridge and Knoxville home of these institutions throughout the entire 15-county {open_quotes}Resource Valley.{close_quotes} As these economic forces play out in the region`s economy, important questions arise. How will East Tennessee {open_quotes}earn its living{close_quotes} in the future if the Federal government role in the economy shrinks? What kind of new industries will be formed to replace those at risk due to Federal cutbacks and economic restructuring? Where will the jobs come from for the next generation of job seekers? These are among the questions driving the 21st Century Jobs Initiative, an action-oriented program designed and implemented by local leaders in response to the economic challenges facing East Tennessee. Fortunately, the region`s economy is strong today. Unemployment is at near record lows in most counties. Moreover, leaders are increasingly aware of the threats on the horizon and are already moving to action. And the impacts from the forces at work on the economy will probably come slowly, over the next decade or so. Based on economic research and input from local leaders knowledgeable about the economy, the 21st Century Jobs Initiative has set forth a strategic economic development plan for the region.

  4. On Discretion versus Commitment and the Role of the Direct Exchange Rate Channel in a Forward-Looking Open Economy Model.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    -Looking Open Economy Model. By Alfred V. Guender* Department of Economics University of Canterbury Christchurch the behavior of the key economic variables in the open economy to be dramatically different from that in the closed economy. In the open economy, the policymaker can no longer perfectly stabilize real output

  5. On Discretion versus Commitment and the Role of the Direct Exchange Rate Channel in a Forward-Looking Open Economy Model.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    -Looking Open Economy Model. By Alfred V. Guender* Department of Economics University of Canterbury Christchurch the behavior of key economic variables to differ dramatically in an open economy compared to a closed economy. In an open economy, the policymaker can no longer perfectly stabilize real output and the rate of inflation

  6. Key distributionKey distribution Key distribution, symmetric encryption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Michael

    COMP 522 Key distributionKey distribution COMP 522 Key distribution, symmetric encryption From in a secure way and must keep the key secure" · Important issue: how to distribute secret keys? COMP 522 Key distribution, manual delivery For two parties A and B: · A key could be created by A and delivered physically

  7. Global Economy and IT IT: Recovery and Growth Government and IT IT and Society Strengthening Economies Innovation in information technology (IT) has fueled unprecedented economic gains in the last 30

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narasayya, Vivek

    Global Economy and IT IT: Recovery and Growth Government and IT IT and Society Strengthening Economies Innovation in information technology (IT) has fueled unprecedented economic gains in the last 30-term stimulus to local economies but also position both developed and developing economies to compete

  8. Team Building Toolkit KEYS -Keys to Enhance Your Supervisory Success

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Matthew P.

    Team Building Toolkit KEYS - Keys to Enhance Your Supervisory Success University of California to Enhance Your Supervisory Success 2 | P a g e Table of Contents Stages of Team Development ................................................................................................ 4 Team Building at a Glance

  9. Developing a decision model to describe levels of self-directedness based upon the key assumptions of andragogy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards, Lance Jonathan

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As workplace demands change, a need has developed for alternatives to traditional education. With advancements in electronic telecommunication technologies, distance education has become a viable alternative to traditional ...

  10. A Colorado Perspective: The New Energy Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Jim; Brannon, Ginny

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to- ward full realization of the New Energy Economy.Colorado Perspective: The New Energy Economy Jim Martin* andtwenty-first century New Energy Economy by pro- moting

  11. Open economy politics: A critical review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lake, David A.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    brain. New Political Economy. forthcoming. Zysman, J. , & D’Press. Bates, R. H. (1997). Open-economy politics:The political economy of the world coffee trade. Princeton,

  12. Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth; Heffner, Rusty

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Car Buyers and Fuel Economy? ” Energy Policy, vol. 35, 2007.Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice? BY TOMyou think about fuel economy? ” Rather, we listened closely

  13. Comparative economics: evolution and the modern economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermeij, Geerat J.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A comparison of primate economies. Journal of Bioeconomics,1999). Complexity and the economy. Science, 284, 107–109.evolution and the modern economy Ghabrial, A. S. , &

  14. Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Car Buyers and Fuel Economy? ” Energy Policy, vol. 35, 2007.Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice? BY TOMyou think about fuel economy? ” Rather, we listened closely

  15. Power Fluctuations and Political Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acemoglu, Daron

    We study (constrained) Pareto efficient allocations in a dynamic production economy where the group that holds political power decides the allocation of resources. For high discount factors, the economy converges to a ...

  16. A genome-wide regulatory network identifies key transcription factors for memory CD8[superscript +] T-cell development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Guangan

    Memory CD8[superscript +] T-cell development is defined by the expression of a specific set of memory signature genes. Despite recent progress, many components of the transcriptional control of memory CD8[superscript +] ...

  17. The Hydrogen Economy: Opportunities, Costs, Barriers, and R&D Needs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Committee on Alternatives and Strategies for Future Hydrogen Production and Use

    2004-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The announcement of a hydrogen fuel initiative in the President’s 2003 State of the Union speech substantially increased interest in the potential for hydrogen to play a major role in the nation’s long-term energy future. Prior to that event, DOE asked the National Research Council to examine key technical issues about the hydrogen economy to assist in the development of its hydrogen R&D program. Included in the assessment were the current state of technology; future cost estimates; CO2 emissions; distribution, storage, and end use considerations; and the DOE RD&D program. The report provides an assessment of hydrogen as a fuel in the nation’s future energy economy and describes a number of important challenges that must be overcome if it is to make a major energy contribution. Topics covered include the hydrogen end-use technologies, transportation, hydrogen production technologies, and transition issues for hydrogen in vehicles.

  18. Instructions for use Second Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tachizawa, Kazuya

    Instructions for use #12;- 123 - No. 582011 1969­1988 * 1969­1988 Second Economy 1 Gregory Grossman 2 4 4 4 4 3 07-712 2 1 Horst Brezinski, "The Second Economies­33; Michael Alexeev, "Russian Underground Economy in Transition," in Owen Lippert and Michael Walker, eds

  19. The Political Economy of Inter-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landweber, Laura

    The Political Economy of Inter- national Relations Robert Gilpin After the end of World War II by the creative use of power in the support of an institutional framework that created a world economy. Gilpin's exposition of the influence of politics on the interna- tional economy was a model of clarity, making

  20. Law as Economy: Convention, Corporation, Currency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Jeffrey A.

    1015 Law as Economy: Convention, Corporation, Currency Ritu Birla* I. Law as Economy: Nomos. Law Inside/Outside Economy of an orthodox faith in economy as universal law, that is, in the free market as the law of the universe

  1. Improving behavioral realism in hybrid energy-economy models using discrete choice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Improving behavioral realism in hybrid energy-economy models using discrete choice studies Abstract Hybrid energy-economy models combine top-down and bottom-up approaches to explore behaviorally models to inform key behavioral parameters in CIMS, a hybrid model. The discrete choice models

  2. A fuel economy optimization system with applications in vehicles with human drivers and autonomous vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Changxu (Sean)

    A fuel economy optimization system with applications in vehicles with human drivers and autonomous University of New York, Buffalo, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Keywords: Vehicle fuel economy Eco-driving Human developed and validated a new fuel-economy optimization system (FEOS), which receives input from vehicle

  3. ASSESSING CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION WITH A HYBRID ENERGY-ECONOMY APPROACH FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ASSESSING CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION WITH A HYBRID ENERGY-ECONOMY APPROACH FOR AFRICA, THE MIDDLE Management Title of Thesis: Assessing Climate Change Mitigation with a Hybrid Energy-Economy Approach create a hybrid energy-economy model for developing countries in Africa, the Middle East and Latin

  4. Vehicle fuel economy benefit and aftertreatment requirement of an HCCI-SI engine system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hardy, AliciA Jillian Jackson, 1978-

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This body of work dimensions the HCCI fuel economy benefits and required aftertreatment performance for compliance with emissions regulations in North America and Europe. The following parameters were identified as key ...

  5. New spaces for living and working in the creative economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    England, Krystal Ann, 1977-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With economic development agencies and city planners increasingly aware of the role of the arts in local economies, artist housing appears to be an essential step in the cultivation and retention of an arts community. While ...

  6. Interindustry analysis of the economy of Northeast Texas emphasizing agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lippke, Lawrence Arnold

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the regional economy of a 23-county area of Northeast Texas in 1967, and to estimate the direct and indirect effects on regional output, income, and employment resulting from changes in final demand in each sector. The input-output technique developed... by Wassily W. Leontier provided the basis for accomplishing the purpose and objectives of this study. Three models were developed and compared Model I was used to describe both the interdependence between sectors and the regional economy as it actually...

  7. An R&D Approach to the Development of Long Nb3Sn Accelerator Magnets Using the key and Bladder Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bartlett, S. E.; Caspi, S.; Dietderich, D. R.; Ferracin, P.; Gourlay, S. A.; Hannaford, C. R.; Hafalia, A. R.; Lietzke, A. F.; McInturff, A. D.; Mattafirri, S.; Sabbi, G.; Scanlan, R. M.

    2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Building accelerator quality magnets using Nb{sub 3}Sn for next generation facilities is the challenge of the next decade. The Superconducting Magnet Group at LBNL has developed an innovative support structure for high field magnets. The structure is based on an aluminum shell over iron yokes using hydraulic bladders and locking keys for applying the pre-stress. At cool down the pre-stress is almost doubled due to the differences of thermal contraction. This new structure allows precise control of the pre-stress with minimal spring back and conductor over-stress. At present the support structure has been used with prototype magnets up to one meter in length. In this paper, the design of a 4-meter long, 11 Tesla, wind-and-react racetrack dipole will be presented as a possible step toward the fabrication of long Nb{sub 3}Sn accelerator magnets.

  8. BA Political Economy Political Economy caters for students who wish to understand the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miall, Chris

    BA Political Economy Political Economy caters for students who wish to understand the political, philosophical and social underpinnings of modern economies,andwhomayfeeluncomfortablewiththehighly mathematical to International Relations; Introduction to Political Economy; Problems of World History/End of Empire

  9. The California Economy: Singing the Housing Blues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thornberg, Christopher

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE CALIFORNIA ECONOMY: SINGING THE HOUSING  BLUES Many  parts  of  the  economy  are  doing  better  than towards 2007 the entire economy is being threatened by the 

  10. Moving Forward With Fuel Economy Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Council. Automotive Fuel Economy: How Far Can We Go? (Lee Schipper. Automobile Fuel. Economy and CO 2 Emissions inGraham. The Effect of Fuel Economy Standards on Automobile

  11. Global warming, bad weather, insurance losses and the global economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Low, N.C. [UOB Life Assurance Ltd., Singapore (Singapore); Shen, S. [Global Warming International Center, Woodridge, IL (United States)

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Global warming causes extremely bad weather in the near term. The impact on the insurance industry is described. Why global warming in the near term causes very bad weather is explained. The continuing trend of very bad weather and the future impact on the insurance industry is explored. How very bad weather can affect the global financial market is explained. Taking a historical view of the development of the modern economy, the authors describe in the near term the impact of global warming on the global economy. The long term impact of global warming on the global economy and the human race is explored. Opportunities presented by global warming are described.

  12. Oil, Development, and the Environment: Coastal Brazil at a Crossroads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    ­ key international player (technological advances in deep water drilling and ethanol production and technology Questions and discussion #12;www.worldatlas.com #12;Coastal Development and the Environment) ­ technology driven Diversified economy ­ leader in agriculture, aerospace, energy, mining, automotive Unique

  13. A technology strategy analysis for the deployment of broadband connectivity for economic development in emerging economies : studying the case of Kenya using the CLIOS process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omwenga, Brian Gichana

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The role of Information Communication Technology (ICT) in economic development is increasingly moving to the core of national competitiveness strategies around the world thanks to its revolutionary power as a critical ...

  14. Cryptographic Key Management System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    No, author

    2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the outcome of U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) contract DE-OE0000543, requesting the design of a Cryptographic Key Management System (CKMS) for the secure management of cryptographic keys for the energy sector infrastructure. Prime contractor Sypris Electronics, in collaboration with Oak Ridge National Laboratories (ORNL), Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), Valicore Technologies, and Purdue University's Center for Education and Research in Information Assurance and Security (CERIAS) and Smart Meter Integration Laboratory (SMIL), has designed, developed and evaluated the CKMS solution. We provide an overview of the project in Section 3, review the core contributions of all contractors in Section 4, and discuss bene#12;ts to the DOE in Section 5. In Section 6 we describe the technical construction of the CKMS solution, and review its key contributions in Section 6.9. Section 7 describes the evaluation and demonstration of the CKMS solution in different environments. We summarize the key project objectives in Section 8, list publications resulting from the project in Section 9, and conclude with a discussion on commercialization in Section 10 and future work in Section 11.

  15. Open economy politics: A critical review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lake, David A.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    political economy of the tariff cycle. American Politicalpolitical economy of U.S. tariffs: An empirical analysis.of political choice: Canada’s tariff structure. Canadian

  16. Vehicle Fuel Economy Improvement through Thermoelectric Waste...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Fuel Economy Improvement through Thermoelectric Waste Heat Recovery Vehicle Fuel Economy Improvement through Thermoelectric Waste Heat Recovery 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions...

  17. The South Pacific Forestry Development Programme1 Tang HonTat2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    The South Pacific Forestry Development Programme1 Tang HonTat2 Abstract; Only a few countries in the South Pacific are large enough for industrial forestry to be a key component of the national economy, but forests providebenefitstomanypeople. TheUnitedNationsFA0SouthPacificForestry Development Programmewas

  18. Evaluating Energy Efficiency Policies with Energy-Economy Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mundaca, Luis; Neij, Lena; Worrell, Ernst; McNeil, Michael A.

    2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The growing complexities of energy systems, environmental problems and technology markets are driving and testing most energy-economy models to their limits. To further advance bottom-up models from a multidisciplinary energy efficiency policy evaluation perspective, we review and critically analyse bottom-up energy-economy models and corresponding evaluation studies on energy efficiency policies to induce technological change. We use the household sector as a case study. Our analysis focuses on decision frameworks for technology choice, type of evaluation being carried out, treatment of market and behavioural failures, evaluated policy instruments, and key determinants used to mimic policy instruments. Although the review confirms criticism related to energy-economy models (e.g. unrealistic representation of decision-making by consumers when choosing technologies), they provide valuable guidance for policy evaluation related to energy efficiency. Different areas to further advance models remain open, particularly related to modelling issues, techno-economic and environmental aspects, behavioural determinants, and policy considerations.

  19. Developing health-based pre-planning clearance goals for airport remediation following chemical terrorist attack: Introduction and key assessment considerations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watson, Annetta Paule [ORNL; Raber, Ellen [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Dolislager, Frederick [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Hauschild, Veronique [U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine; Hall, Dr. Linda [ENVIRON International Corporation; Love, Dr. Adam [Johnson Wright, Inc.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the event of a chemical terrorist attack on a transportation hub, post-event remediation and restoration activities necessary to attain unrestricted facility re-use and re-entry could require hours to multiple days. While restoration timeframes are dependent on numerous variables, a primary controlling factor is the level of pre-planning and decision-making completed prior to chemical terrorist release. What follows is the first of a two-part analysis identifying key considerations, critical information, and decision criteria to facilitate post-attack and post-decontamination consequence management activities. A conceptual site model and human health-based exposure guidelines are developed and reported as an aid to site-specific pre-planning in the current absence of U.S. state or Federal values designated as compound-specific remediation or re-entry concentrations, and to safely expedite facility recovery to full operational status. Chemicals of concern include chemical warfare nerve and vesicant agents and the toxic industrial compounds phosgene, hydrogen cyanide, and cyanogen chloride. This work has been performed as a national case study conducted in partnership with the Los Angeles International Airport and The Bradley International Terminal. All recommended guidelines have been selected for consistency with airport scenario release parameters of a one-time, short-duration, finite airborne release from a single source followed by compound-specific decontamination.

  20. Essays in open economy macroeconomics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghosh, Indradeep, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is a collection of two essays on open economy macroeconomics. The first essay is on imperfect asset substitutability and current account dynamics. It is divided into four chapters. The first chapter in this ...

  1. Oregon Agriculture and the Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    Oregon Agriculture and the Economy: An Update Oregon State University Extension Service Rural Analyst Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics Oregon State University #12;Contents ...........................................................................................................................................12 Agricultural Support Services, Wholesale Trade, Transportation and Warehousing, Retail Trade

  2. Financial Economies With Restricted Participation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aouani, Zaier

    2009-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    ), Duffie and Shafer (1985) and Magill and Quinzii (1996). Financial economies with incomplete markets assume (in general) a symmetric participation structure, i.e. each consumer is confronted with the same restrictions on her portfolio trades. This is a...

  3. A fair compromise to break the climate impasse. A major economies forum approach to emissions reductions budgeting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grasso, Marco [Univ. of Milan-Bicocca (Italy). International Environmental Policy; J. Roberts, Timmons [Brown Univ., Providence, RI (United States). Environmental Studies and Sociology; The Brookings Institution, Washington, DC (United States)

    2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Key messages of the study are: Given the stalemate in U.N. climate negotiations, the best arena to strike a workable deal is among the members the Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate (MEF); The 13 MEF members—including the EU-27 (but not double-counting the four EU countries that are also individual members of the MEF)—account for 81.3 percent of all global emissions; This proposal devises a fair compromise to break the impasse to develop a science-based approach for fairly sharing the carbon budget in order to have a 75 percent chance of avoiding dangerous climate change; To increase the likelihood of a future climate agreement, carbon accounting must shift from production-based inventories to consumption-based ones; The shares of a carbon budget to stay below 2 deg C through 2050 are calculated by cumulative emissions since 1990, i.e. according to a short-horizon polluter pays principle, and national capability (income), and allocated to MEF members through emission rights. This proposed fair compromise addresses key concerns of major emitters; According to this accounting, no countries have negative carbon budgets, there is substantial time for greening major developing economies, and some developed countries need to institute very rapid reductions in emissions; and, To provide a 'green ladder' to developing countries and to ensure a fair global deal, it will be crucial to agree how to extend sufficient and predictable financial support and the rapid transfer of technology.

  4. From a Failed-Growth Economy to a Steady-State Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

    From a Failed-Growth Economy to a Steady-State Economy By Herman Daly A steady-state economy of negative growth, a depression such as we are entering now, is a failed-growth economy, not a steady-state economy. Halting an accelerating downward spiral is necessary but is not the same thing as resuming

  5. The Methanol Economy Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olah, George; Prakash, G.K.

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Methanol Economy Project is based on the concept of replacing fossil fuels with methanol generated either from renewable resources or abundant natural (shale) gas. The full methanol cycle was investigated in this project, from production of methanol through bromination of methane, bireforming of methane to syngas, CO{sub 2} capture using supported amines, co-electrolysis of CO{sub 2} and water to formate and syngas, decomposition of formate to CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2}, and use of formic acid in a direct formic acid fuel cell. Each of these projects achieved milestones and provided new insights into their respective fields. ? Direct electrophilic bromination of methane to methyl bromide followed by hydrolysis to yield methanol was investigated on a wide variety of catalyst systems, but hydrolysis proved impractical for large-scale industrial application. ? Bireforming the correct ratio of methane, CO{sub 2}, and water on a NiO / MgO catalyst yielded the right proportion of H{sub 2}:CO (2:1) and proved to be stable for at least 250 hours of operation at 400 psi (28 atm). ? CO{sub 2} capture utilizing supported polyethyleneimines yielded a system capable of adsorbing CO{sub 2} from the air and release at nominal temperatures with negligible amine leaching. ? CO{sub 2} electrolysis to formate and syngas showed considerable increases in rate and selectivity by performing the reaction in a high pressure flow electrolyzer. ? Formic acid was shown to decompose selectively to CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2} using either Ru or Ir based homogeneous catalysts. ? Direct formic acid fuel cells were also investigated and showed higher than 40% voltage efficiency using reduced loadings of precious metals. A technoeconomic analysis was conducted to assess the viability of taking each of these processes to the industrial scale by applying the data gathered during the experiments to approximations based on currently used industrial processes. Several of these processes show significant promise for industrial scale up and use towards improving our nation’s energy independence.

  6. Hidden Innovation: A Reconsideration of An 'Old Economy' Industry in a 'New Economy' Region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiang, Lifang

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and a high-tech economy: California, the United States andWho gets ahead in the global economy? Industrial upgrading,T. (2004). Designing the economy: a profile of Ontario's

  7. Hidden Innovation: A Reconsideration of An 'Old Economy' Industry in a 'New Economy' Region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiang, Lifang

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2002). Globalization and a high-tech economy: California,economies. Attention has instead focused on globalization andEconomy” .13 2.3 Historical Perspectives on Manufacturing Matters16 2.4 The Globalization

  8. ASIAN DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS Winter 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, John

    and the Financial System Week 8 (02/27) Chapter 11 Globalization and the New Economy Week 9 (03/03) Chapter 13 economies to which the US economy is increasingly connected. The course will give students a flavor of political economy to examine Asia's economic development Prerequisites: ECON 271, ECON 272 or permission

  9. Essays in economic development and political economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dell, Melissa

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines three topics. The first chapter, entitled "Persistent Effects of Peru's Mining Mita" utilizes regression discontinuity to examine the long-run impacts of the mita, an extensive forced mining labor ...

  10. Public Key Cryptography and Key Management

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2000-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The use and management of certificate-based public key cryptography for the Department of Energy (DOE) requires the establishment of a public key infrastructure (PKI). This chapter defines the policy related to roles, requirements, and responsibilities for establishing and maintaining a DOE PKI and the documentation necessary to ensure that all certificates are managed in a manner that maintains the overall trust required to support a viable PKI. Canceled by DOE N 251.112.

  11. Initial Development and Genesis of Hurricane Dolly (2008) Key Laboratory of Mesoscale Severe Weather (MOE), Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Severe Weather (MOE), Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China FUQING ZHANG-resolving simulation with the Weather Research and Forecasting Model, this study examines key processes that led- tudinal stretching deformation) alters the characteristics of equatorial waves to form regions of energy

  12. Policies, Political-Economy, and Swidden in Southeast Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    J. C. (1976). The Moral Economy of the Peasant: Rebellionand the Political Economy of Ignorance. Agroforestryof Small-holder Oil Palm Economies of Sabah and Sarawak.

  13. Fragmented Economy, Stratified Society, and the Shattered Dream

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mordechay, Kfir; Orfield, Gary

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Future of the California Economy is on the Coast, FebruaryMarch 17, 2010. Fragmented Economy, Stratified Society, andFragmented Economy, Stratified Society, and the Shattered

  14. Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth; Heffner, Rusty

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    S. Kurani, “Car Buyers and Fuel Economy? ” Energy Policy,Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice? BY TOMa car, do they think about fuel costs over time, are they

  15. Key Milestones/Outlook

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Key Milestones/Outlook per the Department of Energy 2015 Congressional Budget Request, Environmental Management, March 2014

  16. Constructing a Cleaner Economy Info Graphic

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    An overview of the impact that the clean energy economy is having on the U.S. construction industry.

  17. a People Strategy for nevada's economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hemmers, Oliver

    CraCking the Code on SteM a People Strategy for nevada's economy Science Technology engineering Ma for nevada's economy #12;3CraCking the Code on SteM: a PeoPLe Strategy for nevada'S eConoMy executive Summary in the state's emerging SteM economy. the upshot: without concerted action to prepare more nevadans for jobs

  18. Probabilistic political economy and endogenous money

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cockshott, W.P.

    Cockshott,W.P. Cottrell,A. First Conference on Probabilistic Political Economy, July 2008, University of Kingston

  19. NEW ECONOMY NO REQUIEM YET Rudi Dornbusch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilbao Arrese, Jesús Mario

    June 2000 NEW ECONOMY ­ NO REQUIEM YET Rudi Dornbusch Massachusetts Institute of Technology Until recently the new economy" was reigning supreme: there was the boom--no inflation to speak of, stocks at all to the new economy. But now everything looks a bit different. There are signs of inflation in product

  20. Scotland's Creative Economy: the Role of Universities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Christopher

    Scotland's Creative Economy: the Role of Universities #12;www.universities-scotland.ac.uk #12 sector can continue to grow to the benefit of Scotland's economy and society. Andrew Dixon, Chief. Universities play a major role in the creative economy in identifying and growing talent and skills as well

  1. a People Strategy for nevada's economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hemmers, Oliver

    CraCking the Code on SteM a People Strategy for nevada's economy Science Technology engineering Ma the SteM economy: What it is and Why it Matters .............................................................................10 nevada's hidden SteM economy--trends .............................13 assessing nevada's Workforce

  2. Regional Report New Jersey's New Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutgers Regional Report New Jersey's New Economy Growth Challenges James W. Hughes Dean Edward J July 2006 #12;advanced new-economy peers--New York, Connecticut, and Massachusetts--have been experi- encing employment declines in the post­2000 period in a number of important "new economy" sectors

  3. Engineering Economy Outline IE 305-Part 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vardeman, Stephen B.

    Engineering Economy Outline IE 305-Part 2 Stephen B. Vardeman ISU Fall 2013 Stephen B. Vardeman (ISU) Engineering Economy Outline Fall 2013 1 / 52 #12;Kinds of Production Costs Costs incurred). Stephen B. Vardeman (ISU) Engineering Economy Outline Fall 2013 2 / 52 #12;Costs and Production Volume

  4. Engineering Economy Outline IE 305-Part 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vardeman, Stephen B.

    Engineering Economy Outline IE 305-Part 1 Stephen B. Vardeman ISU Fall 2013 Stephen B. Vardeman (ISU) Engineering Economy Outline Fall 2013 1 / 53 #12;THE Basics The very basic notion that governs) Engineering Economy Outline Fall 2013 2 / 53 #12;Solving for P The (N

  5. The Political Economy of Transition Grard Roland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    1 The Political Economy of Transition Gérard Roland Gérard Roland is Professor of Economics on an earlier draft. He also thanks symposium participants in Prague, March 23 2001. #12;2 Political economy of reforms. The political economy argument in favor of gradualism was that an appropriate sequencing

  6. The Emerging Chinese economy & its Global Impacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    The Emerging Chinese economy & its Global Impacts Department of Geography & IDS University of Sussex 5 February: The Emerging Chinese Economy & its Global Impacts + Decoding the Harmonious Socialist of Leicester 19 February: Global Production Network & the Chinese Economy Prof. John Humphrey, IDS 26 February

  7. Should a vehicle fuel economy standard be combined with an economy-wide greenhouse gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Should a vehicle fuel economy standard be combined with an economy-wide greenhouse gas emissions: globalchange@mit.edu Website: http://globalchange.mit.edu/ #12;Should a vehicle fuel economy standard be combined with an economy-wide greenhouse gas emissions constraint? Implications for energy and climate

  8. The Danish Ministry of Economy and Business Affairs/The Danish Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Danish Ministry of Economy and Business Affairs/The Danish Energy Authority Poland/The Danish Energy Authority Poland - Electricity and Gas Market Development Study and Practical Guidelines for using EU Funds for Energy Projects December 2004 #12;The Danish Ministry of Economy and Business Affairs

  9. Business cycles in oil economies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Mutairi, N.H.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines the impact of oil price shocks on output fluctuations of several oil-exporting economies. In most studies of business cycles, the role of oil price is ignored; the few studies that use oil price as one of the variables in the system focus on modeling oil-importing economies. The vector autoregression (VAR) technique is used to consider the cases of Norway, Nigeria, and Mexico. Both atheoretical and structural' VARs are estimated to determine the importance of oil price impulses on output variations. The study reports two types of results: variance decomposition and impulse response functions, with particular emphasis on the issues of stationarity and co-integration among the series. The empirical results suggest that shocks to oil price are important in explaining output variations. In most cases, shocks to oil price are shown to explain more than 20% of the forecast variance of output over a 40-quarter horizon.

  10. Communication China's growing methanol economy and its implications for energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Robert B.

    but scarce oil and natural gas. Adapting to such limitations, it has developed a chemical industry, with the rest coming from natural gas (Peng, 2011). Methanol is commonly used to produce formaldehyde, methylCommunication China's growing methanol economy and its implications for energy and the environment

  11. Tales From the 'Global' Economy: Cross National Production Networks and the Re-organization of the European Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zysman, John; Doherty, Eileen; Schwartz, Andrew

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Problem of Globalization," Economy and Society , 21,Globalization and the Future of the Nation State," Economy

  12. Quantum dense key distribution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Degiovanni, I.P.; Ruo Berchera, I.; Castelletto, S.; Rastello, M.L.; Bovino, F.A.; Colla, A.M.; Castagnoli, G. [Istituto Elettrotecnico Nazionale G. Ferraris, Strada delle Cacce 91, 10135 Torino (Italy); ELSAG SpA, Via Puccini 2, 16154, Genova (Italy)

    2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper proposes a protocol for quantum dense key distribution. This protocol embeds the benefits of a quantum dense coding and a quantum key distribution and is able to generate shared secret keys four times more efficiently than the Bennet-Brassard 1984 protocol. We hereinafter prove the security of this scheme against individual eavesdropping attacks, and we present preliminary experimental results, showing its feasibility.

  13. Key Events Timeline

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document lists key events beginning with the April 20 fire on the Deepwater Horizon through July 28th. Updated July 28, 2010.

  14. Theorizing the carbon economy: introduction to the special issue The term `carbon economy'often has an adjective placed nearby: the `new'carbon economy,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of carbon capture and storage and nuclear technologies. These dimensionsöand surface-level to deeperTheorizing the carbon economy: introduction to the special issue The term `carbon economy'often has an adjective placed nearby: the `new'carbon economy, the `low' carbon economy, the carbon `neutral' economy

  15. Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haring, Ben

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    hydraulic civilization in Egypt: A study of cultural ecology. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.

  16. Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haring, Ben

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    market women of Pharaonic Egypt. In Le commerce en ÉgypteWilke, Thomas 2000 Ancient Egypt: An economist's view.of dues from southern Egypt (detail), Theban Tomb 100, 18 th

  17. Key Request (Last) (First)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrington, Emily

    will be accessing. For Johnson Hall exterior door access bring a copy of this form to the Earth & Space SciencesKey Request Form Name: (Last) (First) Contact Info Keys Cardswipe UW Email: Hitchcock Exterior Door Room:_________ Room:_________ Johnson Room:_________ Room:_________ Kincaid Exterior Door Room

  18. Assessing Development Impacts Associated with Low Emission Development Strategies: Lessons Learned from Pilot Efforts in Kenya and Montenegro

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cox, S.; Katz, J.; Wurtenberger, L.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Low emission development strategies (LEDS) articulate economy-wide policies and implementation plans designed to enable a country to meet its long-term development objectives while reducing greenhouse gas emissions. A development impact assessment tool was developed to inform an analytically robust and transparent prioritization of LEDS actions based on their economic, social, and environmental impacts. The graphical tool helps policymakers communicate the development impacts of LEDS options and identify actions that help meet both emissions reduction and development goals. This paper summarizes the adaptation and piloting of the tool in Kenya and Montenegro. The paper highlights strengths of the tool and discusses key needs for improving it.

  19. Optical key system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hagans, Karla G. (Livermore, CA); Clough, Robert E. (Danville, CA)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An optical key system comprises a battery-operated optical key and an isolated lock that derives both its operating power and unlock signals from the correct optical key. A light emitting diode or laser diode is included within the optical key and is connected to transmit a bit-serial password. The key user physically enters either the code-to-transmit directly, or an index to a pseudorandom number code, in the key. Such person identification numbers can be retained permanently, or ephemeral. When a send button is pressed, the key transmits a beam of light modulated with the password information. The modulated beam of light is received by a corresponding optical lock with a photovoltaic cell that produces enough power from the beam of light to operate a password-screen digital logic. In one application, an acceptable password allows a two watt power laser diode to pump ignition and timing information over a fiberoptic cable into a sealed engine compartment. The receipt of a good password allows the fuel pump, spark, and starter systems to each operate. Therefore, bypassing the lock mechanism as is now routine with automobile thieves is pointless because the engine is so thoroughly disabled.

  20. Compact Bidding Languages and Supplier Selection for Markets with Economies of Scale and Scope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cengarle, María Victoria

    describe key characteristics of a supplier's production function that influence al- locations and prices setup costs, but low marginal costs leading to a unit price degression. On the other hand economies complex conditions for these pricing rules. We propose an optimization formulation to solve the resulting

  1. Petroleum and structural change in a developing society: the case of Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olayiwola, P.O.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study of Nigeria provides a multidimensional analysis of development. The Nigerian development experience is considered as the interrelation of: (a) economic development paradigm which guided development thinking; (b) the national planning model and apparatus employed; (c) the ideology of nationalism; and (d) the internal and external factors in Nigeria's environment that combined to influence its development strategies. As a society, Nigeria has undergone profound changes over the period of the last 25 years. It was transformed from a primarily agricultural society to an industrializing one. A key source of this change has been the emergence of the petroleum economy. Nigeria's GDP grew an extraordinary 81% per annum on average between 1960 and 1980. Yet, the aggregate performance of the petroleum economy was far better, adding to Nigerian economic wealth at an average rate of 7400% per annum. Judged on these terms, Nigeria's overall economic performance from independence to 1980 was spectacular; the performance of its petroleum economy astounding. Despite this performance, the structure of Nigeria's political economy is nearly the same as it was at independence. It remains one in which economic life depends critically upon world-market conditions and the level of trade with developed economies.

  2. Financial Integration in Emerging Market Economies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pasricha, Gurnain

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Economies in Global Context: The Integration Process and itsGlobal Capital Markets: Integration, Crises And Growth. Cam-1 percent level. Table 7. Integration Index Country Denmark

  3. Economie Sociale et Solidaire et Economie des Conventions Franck Bessis1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Economie Sociale et Solidaire et Economie des Conventions Franck Bessis1 et Isabelle-mail : franck.bessis@univ-lyon2.fr 2 Chercheure post-doctorante, boursière du Fonds national suisse pour la

  4. Multi-Mode RCCI Has Great Potential to Improve Fuel Economy in...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Nissan Multi-Mode RCCI Has Great Potential to Improve Fuel Economy in Light-Duty Diesel Engines DOE Supports PG&E Development of Next Generation Plug-in Hybrid Electric Trucks...

  5. Designing landscapes for economy : designing regional landscape infrastructure to enable economic and environmental benefits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reul, Lindsay Kramer

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis seeks to deploy landscape design as a regional economic development strategy. It investigates the relationship between economic activity and the built environment. Economies transition from one trend to the ...

  6. The political economy of rural-urban conflict : lessons from West Africa & India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDougal, Topher L. (Topher Leinberger)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation occupies the intersection between the fields of International Development, Political Economy, and Peace & Conflict Studies to examine how economic networks spanning the rural-urban divide condition conflict ...

  7. Money Distributions in Chaotic Economies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carmen Pellicer-Lostao; Ricardo Lopez-Ruiz

    2009-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper considers the ideal gas-like model of trading markets, where each individual is identified as a gas molecule that interacts with others trading in elastic or money-conservative collisions. Traditionally this model introduces different rules of random selection and exchange between pair agents. Real economic transactions are complex but obviously non-random. Consequently, unlike this traditional model, this work implements chaotic elements in the evolution of an economic system. In particular, we use a chaotic signal that breaks the natural pairing symmetry $(i,j)\\Leftrightarrow(j,i)$ of a random gas-like model. As a result of that, it is found that a chaotic market like this can reproduce the referenced wealth distributions observed in real economies (the Gamma, Exponential and Pareto distributions).

  8. LICENCE Economie-Gestion Parcours GESTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brest, Université de

    1/7 LICENCE Economie-Gestion Parcours GESTION Formation continue QUIMPER 2013 Institut CORNOUAILLE LICENCE EconomieGestion Parcours GESTION Diplôme national universitaire (Bac +3) Responsable Pédagogique Marie-Louise QUERE Agrégée d'économie et gestion à l'IAE de Bretagne Occidentale

  9. LICENCE Economie-Gestion Parcours GESTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brest, Université de

    1/6 LICENCE Economie-Gestion Parcours GESTION Formation continue QUIMPER 2014 institut d CORNOUAILLE - EMBA LICENCE Economie-Gestion Parcours GESTION Diplôme national universitaire (Bac +3) Responsable Pédagogique Marie-Louise QUERE Agrégée d'économie et gestion à l'IAE de Bretagne Occidentale

  10. Wisconsin Agriculture Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radeloff, Volker C.

    STATUS OF Wisconsin Agriculture 2010 · Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy · Current Outlook: Farm Products, Farm Inputs and the General Economy · Framing the Financial Crisis for Wisconsin Agriculture Farm Economy . . . . . . 1 II. Current Outlook . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

  11. AGRICULTURE, 2005 Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radeloff, Volker C.

    STATUS OF WISCONSIN AGRICULTURE, 2005 Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy Situation and Outlook: Farm Products, Farm Inputs and the General Economy Special Articles · Expansion, Modernization..............................................................................................................................v I. Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy

  12. Energy and the Wealth of Nations Understanding the Biophysical Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Charles A.S.

    Economy Charles A.S. Hall, SUNY, Environmental Science & Forestry Kent Klitgaard been treated as a social science in which economies are modeled sheets that drive our "petroleum economy." Hall and Klitgaard explore the relation

  13. Hanford and the tri-cities economy: Review and outlook, March 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott, M.J.; Belzer, D.B.; March, S.J.; Beck, D.M.; Schultz, R.W.; Harkreader, S.A.

    1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The economy of the Tri-Cities, Washington area (primarily, Benton and Franklin Counties) is in transition due to major changes in two Department of Energy programs at Hanford---the abrupt ending of the Basalt Waste Isolation Project (BWIP) in December 1987 and the placing of the N Reactor in ''cold standby'' status in February 1988. This report reviews the economic situation in the Tri-Cities during 1988 and presents forecasts for key economic indicators for 1989. This report will be updated about every six months to review the changes in the area economy and forecast the near-term outlook. 6 figs., 33 tabs.

  14. Recent Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies - Slower Growth...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies - Slower Growth Ahead? Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Recent Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies -...

  15. Promoting a Green Economy through Clean Transportation Alternatives...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    D.C. tiarravt052ebert2010p.pdf More Documents & Publications Promoting a Green Economy through Clean Transportation Alternatives Promoting a Green Economy through Clean...

  16. Power Politics: The Political Economy of Russia's Electricity Sector Liberalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wengle, Susanne Alice

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    natural gas in the context of growing energy demand of the Russian economy. ”natural gas in the context of growing energy demand of the Russian economy. ”

  17. Fuel economy and emissions reduction of HD hybrid truck over...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    economy and emissions reduction of HD hybrid truck over transient driving cycles and interstate roads Fuel economy and emissions reduction of HD hybrid truck over transient driving...

  18. Promoting a Green Economy through Clean Transportation Alternatives...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Peer Evaluation arravt052tiebert2011p.pdf More Documents & Publications Promoting a Green Economy through Clean Transportation Alternatives Promoting a Green Economy through...

  19. Promoting a Green Economy through Clean Transportation Alternatives...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Promoting a Green Economy through Clean Transportation Alternatives Promoting a Green Economy through Clean Transportation Alternatives Town of Hempstead: Project Energy,...

  20. The Political economy of environmental policy with overlapping generations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karp, Larry; Rezai, Amon

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Political Economy of Environmental Policy with OverlappingPolitical Economy of Environmental Policy with Overlappinggenerational con?ict, environmental policy, dynamic bar-

  1. Scoping study on trends in the economic value of electricity reliability to the U.S. economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eto, Joseph; Koomey, Jonathan; Lehman, Bryan; Martin, Nathan; Mills, Evan; Webber, Carrie; Worrell, Ernst

    2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the past three years, working with more than 150 organizations representing public and private stakeholders, EPRI has developed the Electricity Technology Roadmap. The Roadmap identifies several major strategic challenges that must be successfully addressed to ensure a sustainable future in which electricity continues to play an important role in economic growth. Articulation of these anticipated trends and challenges requires a detailed understanding of the role and importance of reliable electricity in different sectors of the economy. This report is intended to contribute to that understanding by analyzing key aspects of trends in the economic value of electricity reliability in the U.S. economy. We first present a review of recent literature on electricity reliability costs. Next, we describe three distinct end-use approaches for tracking trends in reliability needs: (1) an analysis of the electricity-use requirements of office equipment in different commercial sectors; (2) an examination of the use of aggregate statistical indicators of industrial electricity use and economic activity to identify high reliability-requirement customer market segments; and (3) a case study of cleanrooms, which is a cross-cutting market segment known to have high reliability requirements. Finally, we present insurance industry perspectives on electricity reliability as an example of a financial tool for addressing customers' reliability needs.

  2. Cost to the Indian economy of mining coal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bansal, N.K.; Bhave, A. [Indian Inst. of Technology, New Delhi (India). Centre of Energy Studies

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Like steel production, energy production is one of the significant parameters of stage of advancement of a developing economy. Availability of energy at the right price is vital for development. Coal is a primary resource of energy. The price of coal has been a very important parameter in the Indian economy. In the past 20 years coal has been marketed at administered prices. There has been a very complex mechanism at work for this purpose. There have been a lot of incentives given to thin industry. These, in fact, are tantamount to subsidies. The role of subsidies is well acknowledged and is considered quite useful to the economy. A detailed analysis by carefully studying the methodology of mining and delineating various stages in mining has been conducted, and the subsidies, which have traditionally not been quantified, have been calculated The impact of each parameter on the total subsidy has been studied to facilitate continuance or change in the subsidy by adopting a suitable strategy for coal pricing, as presently the considerations show unaccounted-for subsidies to be more than 70% of the price charged.

  3. Modeling Water, Climate, Agriculture, and the Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Winston

    Describes two models used in the integrated modeling framework designed to study water, climate, agriculture and the economy in Pakistan's Indus Basin: (1) the Indus Basin Model Revised (IBMR-1012), a hydro-economic ...

  4. Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth; Heffner, Rusty

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    decisions around cars, fuel economy, and hybrid vehiclesfuel-ef?cient compact cars. The hybrid buyers in this studycar models are often small. So it’s unsurprising that even hybrid

  5. Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth S; Heffner, Reid R.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    decisions around cars, fuel economy, and hybrid vehiclesfuel-ef?cient compact cars. The hybrid buyers in this studycar models are often small. So it’s unsurprising that even hybrid

  6. Webinar: Supporting a Hawaii Hydrogen Economy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Energy Department will present a live webinar titled "Supporting a Hawaii Hydrogen Economy" on Tuesday, July 29, from 3:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time (EDT). The webinar will...

  7. Sun, Jan 09, 2005 Domestic Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gosselin, Frédéric

    Sun, Jan 09, 2005 Front Page National Domestic Economy Science Panorama Economic Focus Dot Coms on which SM was focusing, the team used a 'bubble test' in which only part of the face is revealed

  8. The role of networks in political economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larreguy Arbesú, Horacio Alejandro

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation investigates the different roles that networks play in political economy. In the first chapter, I study how a political party uses electoral data to monitor and incentivize the political brokers who control ...

  9. Essays on economies with heterogeneous labor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lehr, Brandon Charles

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, I study two different economies that consist of heterogeneous labor. By allowing for differences among individuals where previous analyses restricted attention to homogeneous labor, I am able to understand ...

  10. The Use of Exhaust Gas Recirculation to Optimize Fuel Economy and Minimize Emission in Engines Operating on E85 Fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, Ko-Jen

    2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes activities conducted for the project “The Use of Exhaust Gas Recirculation to Optimized Fuel Economy and Minimize Emissions in Engines Operating on E85 Fuel” under COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT NUMBER DE-FC26-07NT43271, which are as outlined in the STATEMENT OF PROJECT OBJECTIVES (SOPO) dated March 2007 and in the supplemental SOPO dated October 2010. The project objective was to develop and demonstrate an internal combustion engine that is optimized for E85 (85% ethanol and 15% gasoline) fuel operation to achieve substantially improved fuel economy while operating with E85 fuel and that is also production viable in the near- to medium-term. The key engine technology selected for research and development was turbocharging, which is known to improve fuel economy thru downsizing and is in particular capable of exploiting ethanol fuel’s characteristics of high octane number and high latent heat of vaporization. The engine further integrated synergistic efficiency improving technologies of cooled exhaust gas recirculation (EGR), direct fuel injection and dual continuously variable intake and exhaust cam phasers. On the vehicle level, fuel economy was furthered thru powertrain system optimization by mating a state-of-the-art six-speed automatic transmission to the engine. In order to achieve the project’s objective of near- to medium-term production viability, it was essential to develop the engine to be flex-fuel capable of operating with fuels ranging from E0 (0% ethanol and 100% gasoline) to E85 and to use three-way type of catalyst technology for exhaust aftertreatment. Within these scopes, various technologies were developed through systems approach to focus on ways to help accelerate catalyst light-off. Significant amount of development took place during the course of the project within General Motors, LLC. Many prototype flex-fuel engines were designed, built and developed with various hardware configurations selected to achieve the project goals. Several flex-fuel demonstration vehicles were designed and built for carrying out calibration development and final testing to quantify the technology merits. Based on the extensive test results collected from dynamometer and vehicle testing, the fuel economy benefits of cooled EGR from the intended level of turbocharger technology were quantified. When combined with turbo downsizing, the FE benefits are considered large enough for E0 fuel as well as for E85 fuel to warrant further development of the technology beyond the current proof-of-concept level to a level that can meet production driveability quality and durability requirements in order to meet customers’ expectations. Cold-start cart test results from the emissions segment of the project were positive, confirming the assumption of faster thermal response of turbo exhaust system for emissions reductions for both E0 and E85 fuels. Vehicle emissions test results directionally correlated to the cold-start cart findings. The limited number of test runs did demonstrate the potentials of meeting stringent emission standards, however, they did not comprehend the factors such as hardware variability and long-term durability, 3 which are essential for mass production to satisfy customers’ expectations. It is therefore recommended, moving forward, durability concerns over turbocharger, EGR system and aftertreatment system, which would likely impact production viability, should be addressed. The data moreover suggested that further FE increase is likely with turbocharger technology advancement.

  11. Exploring the context : a small hotel in Key West

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    VanBeuzekom, Edrick

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis develops a personal method and approach for designing in a delicate context such as the Key West Historic District. This thesis is composed of two parts. The first part presents observations of Key West, focusing ...

  12. Emerging Economies, Trade Policy, and Macroeconomic Shocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bown, Chad P.; Crowley, Meredith A.

    2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    and across countries – as to how constrained these emerging economies are by WTO disciplines over their applied import tariff policies. Argentina, India, Malaysia, Philippines and Thailand, for example, each have years for which there are major changes... 0 Emerging Economies, Trade Policy, and Macroeconomic Shocks Chad P. Bown† The World Bank Meredith A. Crowley‡ University of Cambridge This version: March 2014 Abstract This paper estimates the impact of aggregate...

  13. Safety Training for the Hydrogen Economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fassbender, Linda L.; Kinzey, Bruce R.; Akers, Bret M.

    2006-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    PNNL and the Volpentest Hazardous Materials Management and Emergency Response (HAMMER) Training and Education Center are helping to prepare emergency responders and permitting/code enforcement officials for their respective roles in the future Hydrogen Economy. Safety will be a critical component of the anticipated hydrogen transition. Public confidence goes hand in hand with perceived safety to such an extent that, without it, the envisioned transition is unlikely to occur. Stakeholders and the public must be reassured that hydrogen, although very different from gasoline and other conventional fuels, is no more dangerous. Ensuring safety in the hydrogen infrastructure will require a suitably trained emergency response force for containing the inevitable incidents as they occur, coupled with knowledgeable code officials to ensure that such incidents are kept to a minimum. PNNL and HAMMER are, therefore, designing a hydrogen safety training program, funded by DOE's Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies Program, and modeled after the Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s multi-tiered approach to hazardous materials training. Capabilities under development at HAMMER include classroom and long-distance (i.e., satellite and internet broadcast) learning, as well as life-size, hands-on hydrogen burn props for “training as real as it gets.” This paper presents insights gained from the early emergency response hydrogen safety training courses held in 2005 and current plans for design and construction of a number of hydrogen burn props.

  14. Bioenergy Key Publications

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The FutureCommentsEnergyand SustainedBio-OilBioenergy 2015 AgendaBioenergyKEY

  15. NETL: Key Staff

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |IsLoveReferenceAgenda Workshop AgendaGraphic of aEnergy SystemsKey

  16. NSR Key Number Retrieval

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated CodesTransparency VisitSilver Toyota PriusNSR Key Number Retrieval Pease

  17. Bright Spots in the South Carolina the Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    Bright Spots in the South Carolina the Economy 2012 African American Economic Summit Doug Woodward Professor of Economics #12;Overview · Why we should worry. ­ Global economy and financial contagion. ­ U.S. economy and political uncertainty. · Why we should be happy. ­ South Carolina economy healing. · Robust

  18. The Space Economy NASA 50th Anniversary Lecture Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Space Economy NASA 50th Anniversary Lecture Series Michael D. Griffin Administrator National growth that didn't previously exist. This is the emerging Space Economy, an economy that is transforming our lives here on Earth in ways that are not yet fully understood or appreciated. It is not an economy

  19. Key-shift transmission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nemoto, S.

    1989-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A key-shift transmission is described, characterized by the speed-change shaft being divided into a pair of trough-shaped shaft halves each having an arched inner surface which defines a part of a cylindrical bore extending axially through the speed-change shaft thereby the shaft being formed into a hollow shaft, and by each of the shaft halves including a pair of flattened end surfaces which extend axially of each shaft half at both sides of the inner surface, one of the end surfaces having thereon an axially elongated projection and the other of the end surfaces having herein an axially elongated recess of a depth smaller than the height of the projection. The pair of shaft halves are engaged to each other co-rotatably by fitting the projections of the respective shaft halves into the recesses of the respective shaft halves so as to form in an outer surface of the speed-change shaft a pair of elongated axial grooves which are located radially outwardly of the elongated projections of the respective shaft halves and between the flattened end surfaces of the respective shaft halves. A pair of the shift keys are disposed within the pair of elongated axial grooves.

  20. Key recycling in authentication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher Portmann

    2014-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    In their seminal work on authentication, Wegman and Carter propose that to authenticate multiple messages, it is sufficient to reuse the same hash function as long as each tag is encrypted with a one-time pad. They argue that because the one-time pad is perfectly hiding, the hash function used remains completely unknown to the adversary. Since their proof is not composable, we revisit it using a composable security framework. It turns out that the above argument is insufficient: if the adversary learns whether a corrupted message was accepted or rejected, information about the hash function is leaked, and after a bounded finite amount of rounds it is completely known. We show however that this leak is very small: Wegman and Carter's protocol is still $\\epsilon$-secure, if $\\epsilon$-almost strongly universal$_2$ hash functions are used. This implies that the secret key corresponding to the choice of hash function can be reused in the next round of authentication without any additional error than this $\\epsilon$. We also show that if the players have a mild form of synchronization, namely that the receiver knows when a message should be received, the key can be recycled for any arbitrary task, not only new rounds of authentication.

  1. Role for Distributed Energy Resources (DER) in the Digital Economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Key, Thomas S [Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI)

    2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A large, and growing, part of the Nation's economy either serves or depends upon the information technology industry. These high-tech or "digital" enterprises are characterized by a dependence on electronic devices, need for completely reliable power supply, and intolerance to any power quality problems. In some cases these enterprises are densely populated with electronic loads and have very high energy usage per square foot. Serving these enterprises presents both electric power and equipment cooling challenges. Traditional electric utilities are often hard-pressed to deliver power that meets the stringent requirements of digital customers, and the economic and social consequences of a service quality or reliability problem can be large. New energy delivery and control options must be developed to effectively serve a digital economy. This report explores how distributed energy resources, partnerships between utility and customer to share the responsibility for service quality, innovative facility designs, higher energy efficiencies and waste-heat utilization can be coupled to meet the needs of a growing digital economy.

  2. Quantum Mechanics and the Principle of Least Radix Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vladimir Garcia-Morales

    2015-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A new variational method, the principle of least radix economy, is formulated. The mathematical and physical relevance of the radix economy, also called digit capacity, is established, showing how physical laws can be derived from this concept in a unified way. The principle reinterprets and generalizes the principle of least action yielding two classes of physical solutions: least action paths and quantum wavefunctions. A new physical foundation of the Hilbert space of quantum mechanics is then accomplished and it is used to derive the Schr\\"odinger and Dirac equations and the breaking of the commutativity of spacetime geometry. The formulation provides an explanation of how determinism and random statistical behavior coexist in spacetime and a framework is developed that allows dynamical processes to be formulated in terms of chains of digits. These methods lead to a new (pre-geometrical) foundation for Lorentz transformations and special relativity. The Parker-Rhodes combinatorial hierarchy is encompassed within our approach and this leads to an estimate of the interaction strength of the electromagnetic and gravitational forces that agrees with the experimental values to an error of less than one thousandth. Finally, it is shown how the principle of least-radix economy naturally gives rise to Boltzmann's principle of classical statistical thermodynamics. A new expression for a general (path-dependent) nonequilibrium entropy is proposed satisfying the Second Law of Thermodynamics.

  3. Shaky emerging economies in view of the global financial crisis: The Turkish economy after three decades of liberal reforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    into the heart of the 2007/08 crisis yet, their structural vulnerabilities continue to haunt the futureShaky emerging economies in view of the global financial crisis: The Turkish economy after three2012 #12;1 Shaky emerging economies in view of the global financial crisis: The Turkish economy after

  4. Fuel Economy With the price of gasoline at over $3.50 a gallon the fuel economy of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carriquiry, Alicia

    Fuel Economy With the price of gasoline at over $3.50 a gallon the fuel economy of vehicles proposed raising the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFÉ) standard for cars and trucks. In 2004, American cars needed to achieve an average fuel economy of 27.5 miles per gallon (MPG) while light trucks needed

  5. The economic development of Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khader, B.; El-Wifati, B.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book focuses on the development of the Libyan economy over the last decade. The book surveys both the structural developments in the Libyan economy and the experience of the individual sectors. It considers the potential for industrial development and the prospects for agriculture both in terms of natural resources and political commitments. The book also examines developments in the service sector especially banking.

  6. How to transition Chinese firms into world-class corporations : organizational and cultural innovations are key

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Zhongyao (Zhongyao Charls)

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Entering the 21st Century, after almost 30 years development of the Chinese economy, several famous Chinese firms have grown to a significant scale and achieved the rudiments of world-class corporations. Following Japanese ...

  7. Costs and benefits of automotive fuel economy improvement: A partial analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, D.L. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Duleep, K.G. (Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc., Arlington, VA (United States))

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is an exercise in estimating the costs and benefits of technology-based fuel economy improvements for automobiles and light trucks. Benefits quantified include vehicle cots, fuel savings, consumer's surplus effects, the effect of reduced weight on vehicle safety, impacts on emissions of CO{sub 2} and criteria pollutants, world oil market and energy security benefits, and the transfer of wealth from US consumes to oil producers. A vehicle stock model is used to capture sales, scrappage, and vehicle use effects under three fuel price scenarios. Three alternative fuel economy levels for 2001 are considered, ranging from 32.9 to 36.5 MPG for cars and 24.2 to 27.5 MPG for light trucks. Fuel economy improvements of this size are probably cost-effective. The size of the benefit, and whether there is a benefit, strongly depends on the financial costs of fuel economy improvement and judgments about the values of energy security, emissions, safety, etc. Three sets of values for eight parameters are used to define the sensitivity of costs and benefits to key assumptions. The net present social value (1989$) of costs and benefits ranges from a cost of $11 billion to a benefit of $286 billion. The critical parameters being the discount rate (10% vs. 3%) and the values attached to externalities. The two largest components are always the direct vehicle costs and fuel savings, but these tend to counterbalance each other for the fuel economy levels examined here. Other components are the wealth transfer, oil cost savings, CO{sub 2} emissions reductions, and energy security benefits. Safety impacts, emissions of criteria pollutants, and consumer's surplus effects are relatively minor components. The critical issues for automotive fuel economy are therefore: (1) the value of present versus future costs and benefits, (2) the values of external costs and benefits, and (3) the financially cost-effective level of MPG achievable by available technology. 53 refs.

  8. Costs and benefits of automotive fuel economy improvement: A partial analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, D.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Duleep, K.G. [Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc., Arlington, VA (United States)

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is an exercise in estimating the costs and benefits of technology-based fuel economy improvements for automobiles and light trucks. Benefits quantified include vehicle cots, fuel savings, consumer`s surplus effects, the effect of reduced weight on vehicle safety, impacts on emissions of CO{sub 2} and criteria pollutants, world oil market and energy security benefits, and the transfer of wealth from US consumes to oil producers. A vehicle stock model is used to capture sales, scrappage, and vehicle use effects under three fuel price scenarios. Three alternative fuel economy levels for 2001 are considered, ranging from 32.9 to 36.5 MPG for cars and 24.2 to 27.5 MPG for light trucks. Fuel economy improvements of this size are probably cost-effective. The size of the benefit, and whether there is a benefit, strongly depends on the financial costs of fuel economy improvement and judgments about the values of energy security, emissions, safety, etc. Three sets of values for eight parameters are used to define the sensitivity of costs and benefits to key assumptions. The net present social value (1989$) of costs and benefits ranges from a cost of $11 billion to a benefit of $286 billion. The critical parameters being the discount rate (10% vs. 3%) and the values attached to externalities. The two largest components are always the direct vehicle costs and fuel savings, but these tend to counterbalance each other for the fuel economy levels examined here. Other components are the wealth transfer, oil cost savings, CO{sub 2} emissions reductions, and energy security benefits. Safety impacts, emissions of criteria pollutants, and consumer`s surplus effects are relatively minor components. The critical issues for automotive fuel economy are therefore: (1) the value of present versus future costs and benefits, (2) the values of external costs and benefits, and (3) the financially cost-effective level of MPG achievable by available technology. 53 refs.

  9. Name ___KEY_______________ Due Date: __________________

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirby, Carl S.

    solar system formed. Following the Big Bang, some first generation stars became supernovae, spreading an atmosphere with about 20% oxygen, compared to no free oxygen early in the Earth's history? Write down. Photosynthesis by algae eventually produced free oxygen in the atmosphere, which allowed for development of air

  10. Shadow Economy, Tax Morale, Governance and Institutional Quality: A Panel Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgler, Benno; Schneider, Friedrich

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Exploring the Underground Economy. Kalamazoo W. E. UpjohnDependent Variable: Shadow Economy A) GOVERN. /INSTIT.of Tax Reform in the Global Economy. New York: Springer, pp.

  11. The Traffic in Praise: Pindar and the Poetics of Social Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurke, Leslie

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the Homeric World. ” In Economy and Society in AncientYork. ??—??. 1975. The Ancient Economy. London. ??—??. 1977.1965. Primitive Polynesian Economy. London. Fisher, N. R. E.

  12. The Causes of Trade Globalization: A Political-Economy and World-Systems Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwon, Roy

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A. 2000. ?Globalization of the Economy. ? National Bureau ofof Trade Globalization: A Political-Economy and World-of Trade Globalization: A Political Economy and World-

  13. Monetary Policy for Inattentive Economies Laurence Ball

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niebur, Ernst

    to derive optimal policy. In response to shocks to productivity and aggregate demand, optimal policy in the price level -- is suboptimal. When the economy is hit by shocks to aggregate demand or productivity should allow the price level to deviate from its target for a while in response to these supply shocks

  14. ESD.70J Engineering Economy Session One

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Entekhabi, Dara

    ;· More about uncertainty and flexibility in 1.146/3.56/16.861/ESD.71/ESD.710 ­ Risk and Decision Analysis tool for decision analysis ESD.70J Engineering Economy Module - Session 1 8 · We teach you how ­ Introduction of advanced Excel techniques · Want more? ­ ESD.712: Tools for Analysis: Design for Real Estate

  15. KazaKhstan and theworld economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    KazaKhstan and theworld economy: an assessment of Kazakhstan's trade policy and pending accession,Razeen Sally,and Pierre- Olivier LegaultTremblay. #12;ExEcutivE Summary Kazakhstan has been negotiating are of greater com- plexity and political sensitivity. What sets Kazakhstan-- and other countries within its

  16. Review of alternate automotive engine fuel economy. Final report January-October 78

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cole, D.; Bolt, J.A.; Huber, P.; Taylor, T. Jr.

    1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study assessed the potential of alternate automotive engines to meet the fuel economy goals and emission levels of the 1980-1990 period. As part of NHTSA's continuing research in support of the Department of Transportation fuel economy activities, this study reviewed those developments offering viable substitutes for the current spark ignition engine systems. Categories assessed included stratified charge, diesels, turbo charging, rotary/Wankel engines, and the developmental gas turbine and Stirling cycle engines. Results of past and on-going research through 1978 were reviewed along with the development and production status of various alternate engine technologies proposed for automobiles and light trucks through the 1980s. Assessment was then made of the potential fuel economy improvement as a percentage of 1978 baseline data.

  17. HOW CONSUMERS VALUE FUEL ECONOMY: A LITERATURE REVIEW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ......................................... xiii 1 Passenger Car and Light Truck Fuel Economy, Fuel Economy Standards and the Price of Gasoline..............................................................................................................36 6 Trend of Nominal Gasoline Prices over the Period of Sallee, West and Fan's (2010) Study................................................................2 HEDONIC PRICE MODELS

  18. Fact #692: September 12, 2011 Fuel Economy Distribution for New...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    (MY) 1975 had combined highwaycity fuel economy of 15 miles per gallon (mpg) or less blue shading. By 2010, 63% of cars had fuel economy of 25 mpg or higher green shading and...

  19. The Use of Exhaust Gas Recirculation to Optimize Fuel Economy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The Use of Exhaust Gas Recirculation to Optimize Fuel Economy and Minimize Emissions in Engines Operating on E85 Fuel The Use of Exhaust Gas Recirculation to Optimize Fuel Economy...

  20. Evaluation and Adaptation of 5-Cycle Fuel Economy Testing and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Adaptation of 5-Cycle Fuel Economy Testing and Calculations for HEVs and PHEVs Evaluation and Adaptation of 5-Cycle Fuel Economy Testing and Calculations for HEVs and PHEVs 2012...

  1. Fact #624: May 24, 2010 Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    4: May 24, 2010 Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards, Model Years 2012-2016 Fact 624: May 24, 2010 Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards, Model Years 2012-2016 The final...

  2. How Advanced Batteries Are Energizing the Economy | Department...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    How Advanced Batteries Are Energizing the Economy How Advanced Batteries Are Energizing the Economy August 11, 2011 - 7:15pm Addthis Thanks in part to a 300 million grant through...

  3. Fact #870: April 27, 2015 Corporate Average Fuel Economy Progress...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Fact 870: April 27, 2015 Corporate Average Fuel Economy Progress, 1978-2014 Fact 870: April 27, 2015 Corporate Average Fuel Economy Progress, 1978-2014 The Corporate Average Fuel...

  4. Fact #870: April 27, 2015 Corporate Average Fuel Economy Progress...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    70: April 27, 2015 Corporate Average Fuel Economy Progress, 1978-2014 - Dataset Fact 870: April 27, 2015 Corporate Average Fuel Economy Progress, 1978-2014 - Dataset Excel file...

  5. Globalization or Europeanization? Evidence on the European Economy Since 1980

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fligstein, Neil; Merand, Frederic

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Globalization and its limits: reports of the death of the national economyglobalization has been about the rapid rise of the East Asian economies.Globalization or Europeanization? Evidence on the European Economy

  6. The mixed economy in China: through rhetorical perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuan, Yuchun

    2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Mixed economies gradually emerge in many countries. China is no exception. China's traditional planned economy system is limited to state-owned enterprises, which are undergoing reform. In the private sector, the market system has begun to play a...

  7. Fuel Economy Improvements from a Hybrid-Electric/Diesel Powertrain...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Economy Improvements from a Hybrid-ElectricDiesel Powertrain in a Class 4 Parcel Delivery Vehicle Fuel Economy Improvements from a Hybrid-ElectricDiesel Powertrain in a Class 4...

  8. actual world economy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A&M University - TxSpace Summary: PIPE INSULATION ECONOMIES Robert E. Schilling, P.E. Eaton Corporation Aurora, Ohio ABSTRACT Pipe Insulation Economies is a computer pro gram...

  9. automotive fuel economy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A&M University - TxSpace Summary: PIPE INSULATION ECONOMIES Robert E. Schilling, P.E. Eaton Corporation Aurora, Ohio ABSTRACT Pipe Insulation Economies is a computer pro gram...

  10. availability market economy countries: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A&M University - TxSpace Summary: PIPE INSULATION ECONOMIES Robert E. Schilling, P.E. Eaton Corporation Aurora, Ohio ABSTRACT Pipe Insulation Economies is a computer pro gram...

  11. automobile fuel economy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A&M University - TxSpace Summary: PIPE INSULATION ECONOMIES Robert E. Schilling, P.E. Eaton Corporation Aurora, Ohio ABSTRACT Pipe Insulation Economies is a computer pro gram...

  12. Fuel Economy Fact and Fiction | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Fuel Economy Fact and Fiction Fuel Economy Fact and Fiction April 4, 2011 - 1:01pm Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program With gas prices...

  13. A National Vision of America's Transition to a Hydrogen Economy...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    A National Vision of America's Transition to a Hydrogen Economy--To 2030 and Beyond A National Vision of America's Transition to a Hydrogen Economy--To 2030 and Beyond The summary...

  14. Key Management Challenges in Smart Grid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sheldon, Frederick T [ORNL] [ORNL; Duren, Mike [Sypris Electronics, LLC] [Sypris Electronics, LLC

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Agenda Awarded in February 2011 Team of industry and research organizations Project Objectives Address difficult issues Complexity Diversity of systems Scale Longevity of solution Participate in standards efforts and working groups Develop innovative key management solutions Modeling and simulation ORNL Cyber Security Econometric Enterprise System Demonstrate effectiveness of solution Demonstrate scalability

  15. Rangeland ecology: Key global research issues & questions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Rangeland ecology: Key global research issues & questions Robin Reid and Maria Fernandez-Gimenez This paper discusses developments in our understanding about rangeland ecology and rangeland dynamics in the last 20 years. Before the late 1980's, the mainstream view in range ecology was that livestock

  16. Comparison between response dynamics in transition economies and developed economies Joel Tenenbaum,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Podobnik, Boris

    " on October 19, 1987, ii the dot-com bubble crash in 2002, and iii the 2007­2009 global crisis while

  17. Public key infrastructure for DOE security research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aiken, R.; Foster, I.; Johnston, W.E. [and others

    1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document summarizes the Department of Energy`s Second Joint Energy Research/Defence Programs Security Research Workshop. The workshop, built on the results of the first Joint Workshop which reviewed security requirements represented in a range of mission-critical ER and DP applications, discussed commonalties and differences in ER/DP requirements and approaches, and identified an integrated common set of security research priorities. One significant conclusion of the first workshop was that progress in a broad spectrum of DOE-relevant security problems and applications could best be addressed through public-key cryptography based systems, and therefore depended upon the existence of a robust, broadly deployed public-key infrastructure. Hence, public-key infrastructure ({open_quotes}PKI{close_quotes}) was adopted as a primary focus for the second workshop. The Second Joint Workshop covered a range of DOE security research and deployment efforts, as well as summaries of the state of the art in various areas relating to public-key technologies. Key findings were that a broad range of DOE applications can benefit from security architectures and technologies built on a robust, flexible, widely deployed public-key infrastructure; that there exists a collection of specific requirements for missing or undeveloped PKI functionality, together with a preliminary assessment of how these requirements can be met; that, while commercial developments can be expected to provide many relevant security technologies, there are important capabilities that commercial developments will not address, due to the unique scale, performance, diversity, distributed nature, and sensitivity of DOE applications; that DOE should encourage and support research activities intended to increase understanding of security technology requirements, and to develop critical components not forthcoming from other sources in a timely manner.

  18. GREEN ENERGY ECONOMIES THE SEARCH FOR CLEAN AND RENEWABLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delaware, University of

    GREEN ENERGY ECONOMIES THE SEARCH FOR CLEAN AND RENEWABLE ENERGY Edited by JOHN BYRNE YOUNG and John H. Perkins The major challenge of a green energy economy lies in finding "promising new place in the green energy economy. Opponents question claims of low-carbon emissions over the total

  19. Open economy models of distribution and growth Robert A. Blecker*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlini, David

    Chapter 9 Open economy models of distribution and growth Robert A. Blecker* To appear in: Eckhard-Keynesian macro models for closed economies, the present chapter focuses on extensions of these models the post-Keynesian framework to a global economy that has become much more integrated in the past few

  20. Industrial Structure and Monetary Policy in a Small Open Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niebur, Ernst

    Industrial Structure and Monetary Policy in a Small Open Economy Thomas A. Lubik Department supply which is empirically quite small. In principle, this link can be broken in a multisectoral economy sectors. This paper reinterprets this line of reasoning in a small open economy with a traded and a non

  1. ECON S180 1 (30151) Introduction to Chinese Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ECON S180 1 (30151) Introduction to Chinese Economy July 8th - August 9th Yale Summer Session 2013 This course is designed to provide students with an intensive overview of the Chinese economy with focus. Over three decades, the Chinese economy undergone a rapid economic transformation at an unprecedented

  2. The Florida Economy and a Federal Carbon Cap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    The Florida Economy and a Federal Carbon Cap A QuAntitAtive AnAlysis Authors David Roland-Holst Dep-and-trade program--the policy recommended by Governor Crist's Action Team--on the Florida economy over the coming decades. The model looks at the entire Florida economy on an interactive basis over time, and takes

  3. China Economy: Technology, Growth and Global Connections (3 Credits)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    China Economy: Technology, Growth and Global Connections (3 Credits) Instructor Susan Mays. It examines major trends in the economy and society, including trends in income, the workforce, trade, foreign, drivers, and challenges in China's unique and dynamic economy, in a global context. Topics 1. China

  4. ver the past few years, the global economy has been

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hemmers, Oliver

    O ver the past few years, the global economy has been sluggish and its growth far below what that in the mid- 2000s. Although the world economy has mostly recovered from the 2009 recession, it still lacks the strong growth that characterized the first decade of the post-Cold War era. The world economy posted a 3

  5. Effects of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the Indian Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Effects of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the Indian Economy Sourangsu Banerji Visiting study the effects of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) with respect to India and its economy. We try interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than

  6. Exact Measures of Income in a Hyperbolic Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pezzey, Jack

    Exact Measures of Income in a Hyperbolic Economy JOHN PEZZEY EEN0203 #12;Exact Measures of Income in a Hyperbolic Economy John C. V. Pezzey Centre for Resource and Environmental Studies Australian National.K. Draft of 23 January 2002 Abstract. Exact optimal paths are calculated for a closed economy with human

  7. THE ECONOMY OF MANATEE AND SARASOTA COUNTIES Effie Philippakos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    i THE ECONOMY OF MANATEE AND SARASOTA COUNTIES By Effie Philippakos Alan W. Hodges David Mulkey Charles M. Adams Abstract This report is intended to characterize the economies of Manatee and Sarasota-county region. The overall size and seasonal variations in the economies of Manatee and Sarasota Counties were

  8. State of the economy and the prospect for recovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Paul A.

    State of the economy and the prospect for recovery According to Dr. Ira Kalish, the director of global economics at Deloitte Research, the global economy has "stabilized" somewhat in the first quarter policy in the economy. Although the impact of the federal government stimulus package was debated

  9. MANAGING NETWORK ORGANIZATIONS IN THE KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY: LEARNING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    ECONOMY: LEARNING FROM SUCCESS AND FAILURE Hamid R. Ekbia School of Library and Information Science The current economy has brought the network model of organization to the forefront of management theory. INTRODUCTION The information economy seems to favor the network model of organiza- tion. This is what various

  10. Is the New Economy a Useful Concept ? Bernard PAULR *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 Is the New Economy a Useful Concept ? Bernard PAULR� * Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne of the concept of a New Economy. This construct, which first began to appear in the media in the mid-1990s that is associated with it, express an extremely optimistic view of the future of the U.S. economy, and are best

  11. A G E N D A Fuel Economy &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tennessee, University of

    A G E N D A Fuel Economy & Idle Reduction Seminar SPEAKERS Rich Cregar, Wake Technical Program Jonathan Overly 8:4510:15 ­ Fuel Economy & Idle Reduction Technologies & Practices Rich Cregar 10:1510:30 ­ Break 10:3010:55 ­ FuelEconomy.gov & increasing Fuel Efficiency Robert

  12. 2004: A Breakout Year for the New Jersey Economy?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004: A Breakout Year for the New Jersey Economy? A s the fourth quarter of 2003 commenced. The broadest measure of the economy's performance, gross domestic product (GDP), grew by an explosive 7 Reserve pushes up interest rates to quell inflation--that kept the economy afloat, supported by a low

  13. And Our State's Economic Vitality Colorado's Recreation Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    And Our State's Economic Vitality Colorado's Recreation Economy Bryan Martin, The Colorado Mountain Club #12;Colorado's Recreation Economy The Colorado Mountain Club · 8,000 Members · 14 Chapters's Recreation Economy By the Numbers · $10 Billion Annually · 107,000 Jobs · $500 Million in State Tax Revenue

  14. INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ECONOMY ECON/INST 325 Spring 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, John

    1 INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ECONOMY ­ ECON/INST 325 Spring 2014 INSTRUCTOR: Dr. Meenakshi Rishi: International political economy (IPE) is a study that synthesizes methods and theories of economics, politics and power in the global economy. It covers various traditional theories and critical perspectives

  15. The Grid Economy RAJKUMAR BUYYA, DAVID ABRAMSON, AND SRIKUMAR VENUGOPAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abramson, David

    The Grid Economy RAJKUMAR BUYYA, DAVID ABRAMSON, AND SRIKUMAR VENUGOPAL Invited Paper This paper economy as a metaphor for effective management of resources and appli- cation scheduling. It identifies distributed resource management challenges and requirements of economy-based Grid systems, and discusses

  16. A Breakout Year Propels New Jersey Economy into 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Breakout Year Propels New Jersey Economy into 2005 A t the end of 2003, we tiptoed out on the forecasting limb and asserted that if the 2004 national economy were a movie, it would be titled "Showtime." We also opined that if the 2004 New Jersey economy were a movie, it would be titled "The Sweet Smell

  17. Effects of a Transition to a Hydrogen Economy on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Effects of a Transition to a Hydrogen Economy on Employment in the United States Report to Congress July 2008 #12;2 #12;3 EFFECTS OF TRANSITION TO A HYDROGEN ECONOMY ON EMPLOYMENT IN THE UNITED STATES......................................................................................................... 11 2.0 SCENARIOS SHAPING A HYDROGEN ECONOMY ........................................... 13 2.1 Base

  18. Global Political Economy Wednesdays 5:30-8:10 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xiaodong

    Global Political Economy Fall 2012 Wednesdays 5:30-8:10 PM Ajai Gaur Room 1098, 1 Washington Park This course offers a global perspective on long term change in the world economy, and the interaction between imbalances and protectionism, foreign direct investment and the role of MNCs in the global economy. The role

  19. Regional Pathways to Technological Upgrading: The Impact of Agglomeration Economies and its Regional Covariates on Upgrading in Post-reforms India's Manufacturing Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mallavarapu, Bravishwar

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    under the ‘License Raj’ policies India’s economy grew at abase. Development policy in India needs to recognize theUrban development policy in India seems to be obsessed with

  20. Answering Key Fuel Cycle Questions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steven J. Piet; Brent W. Dixon; J. Stephen Herring; David E. Shropshire; Mary Lou Dunzik-Gougar

    2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) program has both “outcome” and “process” goals because it must address both waste already accumulating as well as completing the fuel cycle in connection with advanced nuclear power plant concepts. The outcome objectives are waste geological repository capacity and cost, energy security and sustainability, proliferation resistance, fuel cycle economics, and safety. The process objectives are readiness to proceed and adaptability and robustness in the face of uncertainties. A classic decision-making approach to such a multi-attribute problem would be to weight individual quantified criteria and calculate an overall figure of merit. This is inappropriate for several reasons. First, the goals are not independent. Second, the importance of different goals varies among stakeholders. Third, the importance of different goals is likely to vary with time, especially the “energy future.” Fourth, some key considerations are not easily or meaningfully quantifiable at present. Instead, at this point, we have developed 16 questions the AFCI program should answer and suggest an approach of determining for each whether relevant options improve meeting each of the program goals. We find that it is not always clear which option is best for a specific question and specific goal; this helps identify key issues for future work. In general, we suggest attempting to create as many win-win decisions (options that are attractive or neutral to most goals) as possible. Thus, to help clarify why the program is exploring the options it is, and to set the stage for future narrowing of options, we have developed 16 questions, as follows: · What are the AFCI program goals? · Which potential waste disposition approaches do we plan for? · What are the major separations, transmutation, and fuel options? · How do we address proliferation resistance? · Which potential energy futures do we plan for? · What potential external triggers do we plan for? · Should we separate uranium? · If we separate uranium, should we recycle it, store it or dispose of it? · Is it practical to plan to fabricate and handle “hot” fuel? · Which transuranic elements (TRU) should be separated and transmuted? · Of those TRU separated, which should be transmuted together? · Should we separate and/or transmute Cs and Sr isotopes that dominate near-term repository heating? · Should we separate and/or transmute very long-lived Tc and I isotopes? · Which separation technology? · What mix of transmutation technologies? · What fuel technology best supports the above decisions?

  1. Diversity & Flexibility Key to Sustainability

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Plenary V: Biofuels and Sustainability: Acknowledging Challenges and Confronting MisconceptionsDiversity & Flexibility Key to SustainabilityDavid Babson, Senior Fuels Engineer, Union of...

  2. Ris Energy Report 3 Interest in the hydrogen economy has grown rapidly in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Risø Energy Report 3 Interest in the hydrogen economy has grown rapidly in recent years. Those explains the current R&D situation, addresses the challenges facing the large-scale use of hydrogen countries with long traditions of activity in hydrogen research and development have now been joined

  3. Tomography increases key rates of quantum-key-distribution protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shun Watanabe; Ryutaroh Matsumoto; Tomohiko Uyematsu

    2008-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct a practically implementable classical processing for the BB84 protocol and the six-state protocol that fully utilizes the accurate channel estimation method, which is also known as the quantum tomography. Our proposed processing yields at least as high key rate as the standard processing by Shor and Preskill. We show two examples of quantum channels over which the key rate of our proposed processing is strictly higher than the standard processing. In the second example, the BB84 protocol with our proposed processing yields a positive key rate even though the so-called error rate is higher than the 25% limit.

  4. Quantum key distribution with key extracted from basis information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiongfeng Ma

    2014-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    In conventional quantum key distribution protocols, the secure key is normally extracted from the measurement outcomes of the system. Here, a different approach is proposed, where the secure key is extracted from the measurement bases, rather than outcomes. Compared to the original Bennett-Brassard-1984 protocol, the proposed protocol involves no hardware change but modifications in data postprocessing. We show that this protocol is more robust against detector efficiency attacks and photon-number-splitting attacks when practical detectors and photon sources are used.

  5. Sipping fuel and saving lives: increasing fuel economy withoutsacrificing safety

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gordon, Deborah; Greene, David L.; Ross, Marc H.; Wenzel, Tom P.

    2007-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The public, automakers, and policymakers have long worried about trade-offs between increased fuel economy in motor vehicles and reduced safety. The conclusion of a broad group of experts on safety and fuel economy in the auto sector is that no trade-off is required. There are a wide variety of technologies and approaches available to advance vehicle fuel economy that have no effect on vehicle safety. Conversely, there are many technologies and approaches available to advance vehicle safety that are not detrimental to vehicle fuel economy. Congress is considering new policies to increase the fuel economy of new automobiles in order to reduce oil dependence and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The findings reported here offer reassurance on an important dimension of that work: It is possible to significantly increase the fuel economy of motor vehicles without compromising their safety. Automobiles on the road today demonstrate that higher fuel economy and greater safety can co-exist. Some of the safest vehicles have higher fuel economy, while some of the least safe vehicles driven today--heavy, large trucks and SUVs--have the lowest fuel economy. At an October 3, 2006 workshop, leading researchers from national laboratories, academia, auto manufacturers, insurance research industry, consumer and environmental groups, material supply industries, and the federal government agreed that vehicles could be designed to simultaneously improve safety and fuel economy. The real question is not whether we can realize this goal, but the best path to get there. The experts' studies reveal important new conclusions about fuel economy and safety, including: (1) Vehicle fuel economy can be increased without affecting safety, and vice versa; (2) Reducing the weight and height of the heaviest SUVs and pickup trucks will simultaneously increase both their fuel economy and overall safety; and (3) Advanced materials can decouple size from mass, creating important new possibilities for increasing both fuel economy and safety without compromising functionality.

  6. Finite key analysis for symmetric attacks in quantum key distribution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyer, Tim; Kampermann, Hermann; Kleinmann, Matthias; Bruss, Dagmar [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik III, Heinrich-Heine-Universitaet Duesseldorf, D-40225 Duesseldorf (Germany)

    2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce a constructive method to calculate the achievable secret key rate for a generic class of quantum key distribution protocols, when only a finite number n of signals is given. Our approach is applicable to all scenarios in which the quantum state shared by Alice and Bob is known. In particular, we consider the six state protocol with symmetric eavesdropping attacks, and show that for a small number of signals, i.e., below n{approx}10{sup 4}, the finite key rate differs significantly from the asymptotic value for n{yields}{infinity}. However, for larger n, a good approximation of the asymptotic value is found. We also study secret key rates for protocols using higher-dimensional quantum systems.

  7. CAIED Tribal Economic Development Outlook Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Center for American Indian Economic Development (CAIED) is hosting a conference on the impact that business and the economy will have on the next year for Tribes.

  8. Development of Thermoelectric Technology for Automotive Waste...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Overview and status of project to develop thermoelectric generator for automotive waste heat recovery and achieve at least 10% fuel economy improvement. deer08gundlach.pdf More...

  9. agr fuel development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Spring term 2013 (TB2) Mathematics Websites Summary: ) Political Economy of fossil fuel subsidies in developing countries Climate Change & Development Thurs 7th Simon Bolivar,...

  10. The Importance of Regulation-Induced Innovation for Sustainable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashford, Nicholas A.

    This article explores the complex relationship between environmental regulation, innovation, and sustainable development within the context of an increasingly globalizing economy. The economic development, environment, and ...

  11. Strengthening northern New Mexico's tribal economies

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary900SteepStrengthening northern New Mexico's tribal economies

  12. Clean Economy Network | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovationin UrbanCity ofCityClean Economy Network Jump to: navigation,

  13. Clean Energy Economy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovationin UrbanCity ofCityClean Economy Network Jump to:source History

  14. Developing Africa's economy Doing the sums on Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ). Governments in countries such as Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda are co-operating closely with America almost 2,000 troops in the Combined Joint Task Force Horn of Africa, based in Panos Page 1 of 6Economist

  15. Enabling a Transition to Low Carbon Economies in Developing Countries...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Resource assessment, Pathways analysis, Background analysis Resource Type: Publications, Case studiesexamples Website: workspace.imperial.ac.ukenergyfutureslabPublic...

  16. The Political Economies of Broadband Development in Korea and Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kushida, Kenji; Oh, Seung-Youn

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Structural Change and Deregulation. ” 53. Yuko Suda, “Japan’rules, often comprises deregulation , a relaxing of rules,Structural change and deregulation in the telecommunications

  17. Reconsidering Sustainable Development: Urbanization, Political-Economy, and Deliberative Democracy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roman-Alcalá, Antonio M.M.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    curve: A critical review of Kuznets approaches. ” Applieddecoupling. Some believe the “Kuznets Curve” claim thatA critical review of Kuznets approaches,” Applied Geography,

  18. Essays on the development of the American economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hornbeck, Richard

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first essay analyzes the impact of the 1930's American Dust Bowl and investigates how much the short-term costs from erosion were mitigated by long-term adjustments. Exploiting new data collected to identify low, medium, ...

  19. Green Economy: Developing Country Success Stories | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI ReferenceJump to: navigation,II WindAirplane JumpToolbox Jump

  20. Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging Economy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroupPerfectenergyInformationProject ManagementTexasCountries Project

  1. Enabling a Transition to Low Carbon Economies in Developing Countries:

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 No revision| OpenElectromagneticElmwood CUSD8

  2. Post-2020 climate agreements in the major economies assessed in the light of global models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tavoni, Massimo; Kriegler, Elmar; Riahi, Keywan; Van Vuuren, Detlef; Aboumahboub, Tino; Bowen, Alex; Calvin, Katherine V.; Campiglio, Emanuele; Kober, Tom; Jewell, Jessica; Luderer, Gunnar; Marangoni, Giacomo; McCollum, David; van Sluisveld, Mariesse; Zimmer, Anne; van der Zwaan, Bob

    2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Integrated assessment models can help in quantifying the implications of international climate agreements and regional climate action. This paper reviews scenario results from model intercomparison projects to explore different possible outcomes of post-2020 climate negotiations, recently announced pledges and their relation to the 2°C target. We provide key information for all the major economies, such as the year of emission peaking, regional carbon budgets and emissions allowances. We highlight the distributional consequences of climate policies, and discuss the role of carbon markets for financing clean energy investments, and achieving efficiency and equity.

  3. Iranian Economy in the Twentieth Century: A Global Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esfahani, H S; Pesaran, M Hashem

    Iranian Economy in the Twentieth Century: A Global Perspective* Hadi Salehi Esfahani, University of Illinois and M. Hashem Pesaran, University of Cambridge and USC March 2008 Abstract This paper examines the economic transformation of Iran... in a global context through the Twentieth Century. At the start of that century, the Iranian economy had long remained stagnant, poor, and largely agrarian, with a marginal role in the world economy. By the turn of 21st century, Iran had transformed...

  4. A Core Equilibrium Convergence in a Public Goods Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allouch, N

    A core-equilibrium convergence in a public goods economy? Nizar Allouch Queen Mary University of London School of Economics and Finance n.allouch@qmul.ac.uk April 15, 2010 Abstract This paper shows a core-equilibrium convergence in a public goods... economy where consumers’ preferences display warm glow effects. We demonstrate that if each consumer becomes satiated to other con- sumers’ provision, then as the economy grows large the core shrinks to the set of Edgeworth allocations. Moreover, we show...

  5. DOE and Japanese Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry Sign...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Statement between the U.S. Department of Energy and the Japanese Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry on Memorandum of Cooperation and Implementing Arrangement MOC focuses on...

  6. The Use of Exhaust Gas Recirculation to Optimize Fuel Economy...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Use of Exhaust Gas Recirculation to Optimize Fuel Economy and Minimize Emissions in Engines Operating on E85 Fuel Quarterly Biomass ProgramClean Cities State Web Conference:...

  7. Fact #589: September 21, 2009 Proposed Fuel Economy and Greenhouse...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    national standards for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE). The standards would apply to model year 2012 - 2016 passenger cars and light...

  8. Before the Subcommittee on Environment and the Economy - House...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    House Energy and Commerce Committee Before the Subcommittee on Environment and the Economy - House Energy and Commerce Committee Testimony of Ernest Moniz, Secretary of Energy...

  9. High Fuel Economy Heavy-Duty Truck Engine

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    or otherwise restricted information ACE060 High Fuel Economy Heavy Duty Truck Engine Overview Timeline October 2007 - October 2011 Barriers Barriers addressed: Reduced...

  10. Sustainable Energy Economy: The Next Challenge for Systems Engineers; Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Snyder, N.

    2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses large, past projects that may provide insights into how systems engineers can help in the transition to a sustainable energy economy.

  11. Manufacturing R&D for the Hydrogen Economy Roadmap Workshop

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of the hydrogen and fuel cell technologies needed to move the U.S. toward a future hydrogen economy. While many scientific, technical, and institutional challenges must be...

  12. Bikenomics: How Bicycling Can Save the Economy By Elly Blue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barajas, Jesus M.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Save the Economy By Elly Blue Microcosm, 2013 Reviewed bymaking standard, in Bikenomics Elly Blue delivers a pro-bikebicycle advocate, Elly Blue backs her claims with research

  13. average fuel economy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    using Evolutionary Coello, Carlos A. Coello 18 Ris Energy Report 3 Interest in the hydrogen economy and in fuel cells has Multidisciplinary Databases and Resources Websites...

  14. Key Issues | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment ofLetter Report: I11IG002RTC3WASTE-TO-ENERGY:KenKeriKey Issues Key

  15. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laval, Université

    ­ Encourage research and innovation in sustainable development 14 - Standard of Living, EconomySUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2011-2012 #12;2 Table of Contents UNIVERSIT� LAVAL AT A GLANCE 3 A WORD FROM THE RECTOR 4 A WORD FROM THE EXECUTIVE VICE-RECTOR, DEVELOPMENT 5 SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

  16. Key-Insulated Symmetric Key Cryptography and Mitigating Attacks against Cryptographic Cloud Software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dodis, Yevgeniy

    Key-Insulated Symmetric Key Cryptography and Mitigating Attacks against Cryptographic Cloud- sociated cryptographic keys in their entirety. In this paper, we investigate key-insulated symmetric key. To illustrate the feasibility of key-insulated symmetric key cryptography, we also report a proof

  17. GREEN ENERGY ECONOMIES THE SEARCH FOR CLEAN AND RENEWABLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delaware, University of

    GREEN ENERGY ECONOMIES THE SEARCH FOR CLEAN AND RENEWABLE ENERGY Edited by JOHN BYRNE YOUNG "green energy" is not only a movement for technological change, but it also encapsulates social well by the movement for a green energy economy tackle several of the critical issues that modernity faces. While

  18. Responses of African economies to the international economic shocks: an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    rate shocks and five to World price of oil shocks. Furthermore, we investigate the viability trade shocks in African economies modeled by the relationship between the fluctuations in the prices of the African economies after an international income, monetary or price shocks tend to be in general more

  19. Potential Roles of Ammonia in a Hydrogen Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potential Roles of Ammonia in a Hydrogen Economy A Study of Issues Related to the Use Ammonia economy, particularly with regard to the viability of ammonia as an on-board hydrogen carrier for fuel for On-Board Vehicular Hydrogen Storage U.S. Department of Energy #12;#12;Primary Authors: George Thomas1

  20. Global Political Economy Wednesdays 5:30-8:10 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xiaodong

    Global Political Economy Fall 2014 Wednesdays 5:30-8:10 PM Location: 1 Washington Park, 508 Ajai of MNCs in the global economy. The role of economic, social and political institutions is also a central: Wednesdays, 3-5 PM. Course Outline This course offers a global perspective on long term change in the world

  1. Global Political Economy Wednesdays 5:30-8:10 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xiaodong

    Global Political Economy Fall 2013 Wednesdays 5:30-8:10 PM Location: ENG (Engelhard Hall) 213 Ajai of MNCs in the global economy. The role of economic, social and political institutions is also a central: Wednesdays, 3-5 PM. Course Outline This course offers a global perspective on long term change in the world

  2. The Cost of Power Disturbances to Industrial & Digital Economy Companies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Karel

    's Consortium for Electric Infrastructure for a Digital Society (CEIDS) By 1001 Fourier Drive, Suite 200 MadisonThe Cost of Power Disturbances to Industrial & Digital Economy Companies Submitted to: EPRI To Client #12;The Cost of Power Disturbances to Industrial & Digital Economy Companies Confidential

  3. A framework for assessing the political economy of post-2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    A framework for assessing the political economy of post-2012 global climate regime Bettina Centre for Climate Change Research Working Paper 80 #12;A framework for assessing the political economy, Environment, Energy 3: Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, School of Environmental Sciences

  4. SECTORAL EFFECTS OF TAX REFORMS IN AN OPEN ECONOMY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    SECTORAL EFFECTS OF TAX REFORMS IN AN OPEN ECONOMY Olivier CARDI Romain RESTOUT December, 2010 REFORMS IN AN OPEN ECONOMY Olivier CARDI Universit´e Panth´eon-Assas ERMES Ecole Polytechnique Romain with traded and non traded goods to in- vestigate the sectoral effects of three tax reforms: i) two revenue

  5. Linking Oil Prices, Gas Prices, Economy, Transport, and Land Use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Linking Oil Prices, Gas Prices, Economy, Transport, and Land Use A Review of Empirical Findings Hongwei Dong, Ph.D. Candidate John D. Hunt, Professor John Gliebe, Assistant Professor #12;Framework Oil-run Short and Long-run #12;Topics covered by this presentation: Oil price and macro-economy Gas price

  6. With or Against the People? The Impact of a Bottom-Up Approach on Tax Morale and the Shadow Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgler, Benno; Schneider, Friedrich; Schaltegger, Christoph A.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Corruption and the Shadow Economy: An Empirical Analysis,Journal of Political Economy Feld, L. P. , Kirchgässner,G. 2001. The Political Economy of Direct Legislation: Direct

  7. Analysis of the Relationship Between Vehicle Weight/Size and Safety, and Implications for Federal Fuel Economy Regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wenzel, Thomas P.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for Federal Fuel Economy Regulation Final Report preparedand have higher fuel economy, and safer than conventionaland have higher fuel economy, without sacrificing safety. 1.

  8. O N E The World Economy Is Broken It is clear that the world economy is in a mess. Since its collapse in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landweber, Laura

    O N E The World Economy Is Broken It is clear that the world economy is in a mess. Since its collapse in the autumn of 2008, the world economy has gone through three distinct phases. It contracted the past four years has been immense. The world economy is 10 percent poorer than it would have been had

  9. Shadow Economy, Tax Morale, Governance and Institutional Quality: A Panel Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgler, Benno; Schneider, Friedrich

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Exploring the Underground Economy. Kalamazoo W. E. UpjohnDependent Variable: Shadow Economy FE A) GOVERN. /INSTIT.of Tax Reform in the Global Economy. New York: Springer, pp.

  10. Automobile Fuel; Economy and CO2 Emissions in Industrialized Countries: Troubling Trends through 2005/6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    K. , 1993b, Fuel Prices and Economy: Factors Effecting LandCar Test and Actual Fuel Economy: Yet Another Gap? Transportof automobile fuel economy in Europe. Energy Policy 34 14.

  11. Law for a Flat World: Legal Infrastructure and the New Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hadfield, Gillian K

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    we are  witnessing in the economy and global economic methods of the old economy.   It requires nothing less than Greenspan “The American Economy in World Context” Remarks 

  12. Fact #813: January 20, 2014 New Light Vehicle Fuel Economy Continues...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    3: January 20, 2014 New Light Vehicle Fuel Economy Continues to Rise Fact 813: January 20, 2014 New Light Vehicle Fuel Economy Continues to Rise The sales-weighted fuel economy...

  13. TEXTUAL ECONOMY THROUGH CLOSE COUPLING OF SYNTAX AND SEMANTICS Matthew Stone Bonnie Webber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stone, Matthew

    TEXTUAL ECONOMY THROUGH CLOSE COUPLING OF SYNTAX AND SEMANTICS Matthew Stone Bonnie Webber Dept, thatexploitsthe hearer's recognitionof inferentiallinkstomaterial elsewhere withina sentence. Textual economy argue that achieving textual economy imposes strong requirements on the representation and reasoning

  14. The Global Economy and the Latino Populations in the United States: A World Systems Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, William I.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a result of the globalization of the economy In other words,to the impact of the globalization of the economy on a stillcaused by the globalization of the economy — the garment and

  15. Key Opportunities and Challenges for Program Sustainability ...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Key Opportunities and Challenges for Program Sustainability Key Opportunities and Challenges for Program Sustainability Better Buildings Neighborhood Program, Peer Exchange Call:...

  16. Powering the Digital Economy Workshop Proceedings: Part 1: Strategies and Planning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Developing ''Internet-compatible'' facilities is critical to the future success of the electric power industry. To optimize their use of the Internet, utilities and their customers need to identify and define relevant issues and problems, focus on economic incentives and solutions, and initiate targeted strategies while planning for future business initiatives. To help meet these needs, EPRI established a workshop series, ''Powering the Digital Economy.''

  17. Lowest Engine-Out Emissions as the Key to the Future of the Heavy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Lowest Engine-Out Emissions as the Key to the Future of the Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine: New Development Rersults Lowest Engine-Out Emissions as the Key to the Future of the...

  18. Some evidence on determinants of fuel economy as a function of driving cycle and test type

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Santini, D.J.; Anderson, J.

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Statistical methods are used with 107 vehicles whose fuel economy was presented and reported for five test types in a single publication by Consumers Union (CU) for 1986--1988 vehicles. Standard loglinear statistical formulations (i.e., multiplicative models of interactions) are used with data from this and supplementary sources to develop coefficients estimating the percent fuel economy gain per percent change in engine/vehicle design characteristic. The coefficients are developed for the five different test conditions evaluated by CU and are compared with each other on the basis of attributes of the tests. The insights of engineering models are used to develop expectations regarding the shift in size of coefficients as driving cycles change. In both the engineering models and the statistical model, the effect of weight is estimated to be higher in urban driving than in highway driving. For two test categories -- field tests and dynamometer tests -- the benefits of weight reduction are statistically estimated to be greatest in urban driving conditions. The effect on idle fuel flow rate of designing vehicles to hold performance roughly constant by maintaining power per kilogram and/or displacement per kilogram is examined, and its implication for the size of the weight effect is simply approximated from Sovran`s 1983 engineering model results. The fuel-economy-decreasing effect of the desire for performance is estimated to be somewhat larger in the statistical analysis than in the NAS study, when engine technology is held constant.

  19. From oil shortage to oil glut: simulation of growth prospects in the Nigerian economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olofin, S.; Iyaniwura, J.O.

    1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the 1970s, the economy of Nigeria provided one of the most interesting cases of development financed through oil revenue. Between 1970 and 1980, the country's GNP grew at an outstanding rate, but after the transition from oil shortage to oil glut, the economy of Nigeria ran into dramatic financial difficulties, which are now placing major constraints to its development. To investigate the transition from an oil-based economy to a stage characterized by greater diversification of exports and more balanced sectoral growth, a model has been built by the University of Ibadan in Nigeria. The model was developed in association with Project LINK staffing for the future inclusion in the Project. According to the finding presented in the study, the annual growth rate of GDP of Nigeria between 1980 and 1988 will be around 2.5%. To compensate the drop of the foreign-exchange earnings caused by the contraction of oil prices and demand, a vigorous export drive of agricultural products is simulated. 8 references, 7 figures, 4 tables.

  20. University of Michigan Institute for Research on Labor, Employment and the Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyy, Wei

    University of Michigan Institute for Research on Labor, Employment and the Economy (IRLEE) Mission innovation, increasing entrepreneurship, and improving the economy; (5) Foster a core of interdisciplinary

  1. Fact #833: August 11, 2014 Fuel Economy Rated Second Most Important...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3: August 11, 2014 Fuel Economy Rated Second Most Important Vehicle Attribute Fact 833: August 11, 2014 Fuel Economy Rated Second Most Important Vehicle Attribute A 2014 survey...

  2. Heavy-Duty Truck Engine: 2007 Emissions with Excellent Fuel Economy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Truck Engine: 2007 Emissions with Excellent Fuel Economy Heavy-Duty Truck Engine: 2007 Emissions with Excellent Fuel Economy 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER)...

  3. NREL: Energy Analysis - Key Activities

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated CodesTransparency Visit | NationalWebmaster To contactK-12BSM -JEDI JobsKey

  4. Key Activities | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov.Energy02.pdf7 OPAMEnergyInvestigativeCoggin AboutofKathleen HoganKenKeyAbout

  5. Key Activities | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015of 2005 at IowaSecretaryDepartmentJointof Energy 30,ANDNovember 17,KeyThe

  6. Key Activities | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015of 2005 at IowaSecretaryDepartmentJointof Energy 30,ANDNovember 17,KeyTheThe

  7. Method of predicting a change in an economy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pryor, Richard J (Albuquerque, NM); Basu, Nipa (Albany, NY)

    2006-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    An economy whose activity is to be predicted comprises a plurality of decision makers. Decision makers include, for example, households, government, industry, and banks. The decision makers are represented by agents, where an agent can represent one or more decision makers. Each agent has decision rules that determine the agent's actions. Each agent can affect the economy by affecting variable conditions characteristic of the economy or the internal state of other agents. Agents can communicate actions through messages. On a multiprocessor computer, the agents can be assigned to processing elements.

  8. Quantum Key Distribution with Qubit Pairs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohd Asad Siddiqui; Tabish Qureshi

    2014-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a new Quantum Key Distribution method in which Alice sends pairs of qubits to Bob, each in one of four possible states. Bob uses one qubit to generate a secure key and the other to generate an auxiliary key. For each pair he randomly decides which qubit to use for which key. The auxiliary key has to be added to Bob's secure key in order to match Alice's secure key. This scheme provides an additional layer of security over the standard BB84 protocol.

  9. COLLEGE AVE CAMPUS (CAC) KEY PICK UP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COLLEGE AVE CAMPUS (CAC) KEY PICK UP NOTE TO ALL STUDENTS: ONLY YOU CAN PICK UP YOUR KEY. You in and key pick up. If you are unable to pick up your key by 5:00 p.m. on September 1st , please make prior in Clothier Hall on CAC. Keys not picked up during the above-noted hours can be picked up at the Housing

  10. Draft Funding Opportunity Announcement for Research and Development...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    upcoming solicitation for Research and Development of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cells for the Hydrogen Economy. sowdraft.pdf More Documents & Publications Fuel Cell...

  11. Develop Thermoelectric Technology for Automotive Waste Heat Recovery...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Develop thermoelectric technology for waste heat recovery with a 10% fuel economy improvement without increasing emissions. deer09yang2.pdf More Documents & Publications...

  12. Documentation of the DRI Model of the US economy, December 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) uses models of the US economy developed by Data Resources, Inc. (DRI) for conducting policy analyses, preparing forecasts for the Annual Energy Outlook, the Short-Term Energy Outlook, and related analyses in conjunction with EIA`s National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) and its other energy market models. Both the DRI Model of the US Economy and the DRI Personal Computer Input-Output Model (PC-IO){sup 2} were developed and are maintained by DRI as proprietary models. This report provides documentation, as required by EIA standards for the use of proprietary models; describes the theoretical basis, structure and functions of both DRI models; and contains brief descriptions of the models and their equations. Appendix A describes how the two large-scale models documented here are used to support the macroeconomic and interindustry modeling associated with the National Energy Modeling System. Appendix B is an article by Stephen McNees of the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston on ``How Large are Economic Forecast Errors.`` This article assesses the forecast accuracy of a number of economic forecasting models (groups) and is attached as an independent assessment of the forecast accuracy of the DRI Model of the US Economy.

  13. The distribution of the major economies’ effort in the Durban platform scenarios

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tavoni, Massimo; Kriegler, Elmar; Aboumahboub, Tino; Calvin, Katherine V.; DeMaere, Gauthier; Wise, Marshall A.; Klein, David; Jewell, Jessica; Kober, Tom; Lucas, Paul; Luderer, Gunnar; McCollum, David; Marangoni, Giacomo; Riahi, Keywan; Van Vuuren, Detlef

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The feasibility of achieving climate stabilization consistent with the objective of 2C is heavily influenced by how the effort in terms of mitigation and economic resources will be distributed among the major economies. This paper provides a multi-model quantifications of the mitigation commitment in ten major regions of the world for a diversity of allocation schemes. Our results indicate that a stylized policy with uniform carbon pricing and no transfer payments would yield an uneven distribution of policy costs, which would be lower, higher and significantly higher than the average for the OECD, developing economies and energy exporters respectively. We show that resource sharing burden sharing schemes would not resolve the issue of cost distribution. An effort sharing scheme which equalizes policy costs would yield an allocation of allowances in line with the aspirational targets of the OECD countries, and which would peak before 2030 for China. In all cases, a large international carbon market would emerge.

  14. Environmental policy in transition economies : the effectiveness of pollution changes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Söderholm, Patrik

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Most economists and analysts claim that extended use of pollution charges in environmental policy will have substantial efficiency advantages in countries undergoing transition to market economies. Essentially this paper ...

  15. Supply chain practices in the context of an emerging economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhaumik, Vijan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The emergence of the BRIC economies of Brazil, Russia, India and China as a formidable economic powerhouse is turning into a reality. The center of the world's economic gravity is slowly shifting towards these emerging ...

  16. Before the Subcommittee on Environment and the Economy -- House...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy Before the Subcommittee on Environment and the Economy -- House Energy and Commerce Committee 9-10-13PeterLyons FT HEC.pdf More Documents...

  17. Evaluation of the Fuel Economy Impacts of Low Temperature Combustion...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Fuel Economy Impacts of Low Temperature Combustion (LTC) using Engine-in-the-Loop 2013 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Annual Merit Review May 15, 2013 Neeraj Shidore...

  18. When governments break contracts : foreign firms in emerging economies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wellhausen, Rachel L. (Rachel Louise)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Emerging economy governments commit to protect the property rights of foreign firms through a variety of contracts, from treaties to direct agreements. In an era of liberalized capital flows, these contracts are thought ...

  19. Assessment of California reformulated gasoline impact on vehicle fuel economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aceves, S., LLNL

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fuel economy data contained in the 1996 California Air Resources Board (CARB) report with respect to the introduction of California Reformulated Gasoline (CaRFG) has been examined and reanalyzed by two additional statistical methodologies. Additional data has also been analyzed by these two statistical approaches. Within the assumptions of the analysis, point estimates for the reduction in fuel economy using CaRFG as compared to conventional, non-reformulated gasoline were 2-4%, with a 95% upper confidence bound of 6%. Substantial variations in fuel economy are routine and inevitable due to additional factors which affect mileage, even if there is no change in fuel reformulation. This additional analysis confirms the conclusion reached by CARB with respect to the impact of CaRFG on fuel economy.

  20. Long Run Macroeconomic Relations in the Global Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dees, S; Holly, Sean; Pesaran, M Hashem; Smith, L Vanessa

    This paper focuses on testing long run macroeconomic relations for interest rates, equity, prices and exchange rates within a model of the global economy. It considers a number of plausible long run relationships suggested by arbitrage in financial...

  1. Globalization and the Future of the National Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, James Patrick

    2006-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Many observers are concerned that the growth of globalization will undermine and destroy national economies. For the past six years, Professor Suzanne Berger, the Raphael Dorman and Helen Starbuck Professor of Political ...

  2. Extractive Economies, Growth, and the Poor Graham A. Davis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , poverty, or per capita gross domestic product (GDP) relative to the level of that same indicator in a group of peer economies; and their growth in human devel- opment, poverty, or per capita GDP relative

  3. The political economy of government interventions in financial crises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foar??, Octavia Daniela

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chapter 1 examines how political economy considerations affect the desirability of banking unions. It presents a model in which bank recapitalizations are carried out by rent-seeking policymakers. These policymakers face ...

  4. Fuel Prices and New Vehicle Fuel Economy in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klier, Thomas

    This paper evaluates the effect of fuel prices on new vehicle fuel economy in the eight largest European markets. The analysis spans the years 2002–2007 and uses detailed vehicle registration and specification data to ...

  5. The Political Economy of Environmental Policy with Overlapping Generations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    The Political Economy of Environmental Policy with Overlapping Generations Larry Karp Armon Rezai, generational conflict, environmental policy, dynamic bar- gaining, Markov perfection JEL, classification this conventional view on its head: all genera- tions may benefit from environmental policy, provided

  6. PA Nanotechnology 2012 Nanotech's Role in Advancing PA's Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilchrist, James F.

    PA Nanotechnology 2012 Nanotech's Role in Advancing PA's Economy June 5, 2012 Harrisburg University University Drexel Nanotechnology Institute (DNI) Harrisburg Area Community College Harrisburg University of Science and Technology Lehigh University Center for Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology (CAMN) Penn

  7. Hanford Diversification and the Tri-Cities Economy FY 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SCOTT, M.J.

    2000-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The missions of the U.S. Department of Energy's Richland Operations Office (DOE/RL) are to safely manage the Hanford Site, to manage and clean up its legacy wastes, and to develop and deploy new science and technology in the environmental and energy fields. Collectively, DOE/RL and its contractors are the most important single entity in the Tri-Cities local economy (Pasco, Kennewick, and Richland, Washington, and the surrounding area). Although the relevant economic region affected by DOE/RL and its contractors actually embraces a geographic area reaching from Yakima in the west to Walla Walla in the east and from Moses Lake in the north to Pendleton, Oregon, in the south, over 90% of economic impacts likely occur in Benton and Franklin Counties. These two counties are defined as the ''local'' Tri-Cities economy for purposes of this study. In the federal fiscal year (FY) 1999 (October 1, 1998 through September 30, 1999), the total impact of DOE'S local $1.59 billion budget was felt through payrolls of $542 million and local purchases of goods and services of $226 million. The total local spending of $768 million was up slightly from the FY 1998 total of $765 million. Taking into account the multiplier effects of this spending, the DOE/RL budget sustained an estimated 32% of all local employment (28,250 out of 88,100 jobs) and about 35% of local earned income (almost $1.08 billion out of $3.08 billion). The decrease in these percentages from last year's report reflects an update of the model's economic structure based on the 1997 economic census year, a correction of a programming error in the model found during the update, and a broader definition of earnings that includes proprietor income, not just wages (see the Appendix for revisions to the previous forecasts). DOE budget increases in FY 2000 are expected to result in no change to the number of local DOE contractor jobs and about a $29 million increase in direct local spending.

  8. On Optimal Monetary Policy Rules and the Role of MCIs in the Open Economy.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    On Optimal Monetary Policy Rules and the Role of MCIs in the Open Economy. By Alfred V. Guender consequences for the conduct of optimal monetary policy in the forward-looking open economy framework. As opposed to the closed economy framework optimal monetary policy in the open economy depends on both demand

  9. THE SUBSTANTIVE ECONOMY OF MONEY --KARL POLANYI IN THE TRADITION OF "OLD" INSTITUTIONALISM--

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    THE SUBSTANTIVE ECONOMY OF MONEY --KARL POLANYI IN THE TRADITION OF "OLD" INSTITUTIONALISM-- Introduction First Part - The Purpose of a Substantive Economy §1/ Karl Polanyi's Method : a point of view §2 / Substantive Economy and the Question of Value §3 / Institutions and forms of integration : economy

  10. Montana Economy at a Glance September 2012 Montana Department of Labor & Industry Research & Analysis Bureau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Rick L.

    Montana Economy at a Glance September 2012 Montana Department of Labor & Industry Research to the economy over the last decade and helping to stabilize the Montana economy during the 2007-2010 recession The healthcare industry plays a positive and inte- gral role in the state's economy.Figure one shows the percent

  11. Purdue Agricultural Economics Report Page 1 Since 2008 the general economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Purdue Agricultural Economics Report Page 1 Since 2008 the general economy in the U.S. has generally had weak performance and the agricultural economy has driven to record highs. Those trends seem to be reversing in 2014 as the U.S. and world economies move toward better footing, but the agricultural economy

  12. What Will Power the Hydrogen Economy? Present and Future Sources of Hydrogen Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Will Power the Hydrogen Economy? iii Abbreviations and Acronyms AC = alternating current ATR = autothermal

  13. Essays in public economics and political economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pinkovskiy, Maxim L

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis studies topics in public economics in developed and developing countries, including health insurance regulation, public goods provision and inequality and welfare measurement. The first chapter analyzes the ...

  14. A Remark on Secret-Key Generation over Correlated Fading Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khisti, Ashish

    A Remark on Secret-Key Generation over Correlated Fading Channels Ashish Khisti ECE Dept. Univ@ee.ucla.edu Abstract-- We study secret-key agreement with public discussion over a flat-fading wiretap channel model. INTRODUCTION In recent years there has been a significant interest in developing secret-key agreement protocols

  15. Driving Demand for Home Energy Improvements: Motivating residential customers to invest in comprehensive upgrades that eliminate energy waste, avoid high utility bills, and spur the economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuller, Merrian C.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Development Authority (NYSERDA) created a statewide network of key partners – contractors , local groups, retailers, and manufacturers – to offer energy-Development Authority (NYSERDA), created a statewide network of key partners—contractors, local groups, retailers, and manufacturers— to offer energy-

  16. US Department of Energy Hybrid Vehicle Battery and Fuel Economy Testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Donald Karner; J.E. Francfort

    2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA), part of the U.S. Department of Energy’s FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program, has conducted testing of advanced technology vehicles since August, 1995 in support of the AVTA goal to provide benchmark data for technology modeling, and research and development programs. The AVTA has tested over 200 advanced technology vehicles including full size electric vehicles, urban electric vehicles, neighborhood electric vehicles, and hydrogen internal combustion engine powered vehicles. Currently, the AVTA is conducting significant tests of hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). This testing has included all HEVs produced by major automotive manufacturers and spans over 1.3 million miles. The results of all testing are posted on the AVTA web page maintained by the Idaho National Laboratory. Through the course of this testing, the fuel economy of HEV fleets has been monitored and analyzed to determine the "real world" performance of their hybrid energy systems, particularly the battery. While the initial "real world" fuel economy of these vehicles has typically been less than that evaluated by the manufacturer and varies significantly with environmental conditions, the fuel economy and, therefore, battery performance, has remained stable over vehicle life (160,000 miles).

  17. Energy and agriculture in the Haitian economy: A computable general equilibrium model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, D.W.; Wu, M.T.C.; Das, S.; Cohn, S.M.

    1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model of the economy of Haiti, emphasizing energy use in agriculture. CGE models compare favorably with econometric models for developing countries in terms of their ability to take advantage of available data. The model of Haiti contains ten production sectors: manufacturing, services, transportation, electricity, rice, coffee, sugar cane, sugar refining, general agriculture, and fuelwood and charcoal. All production functions use functional forms which permit factor substitution. Consumption is specified for three income categories of consumers and a government sector with a linear expenditure system (LES) of demand equations. The economy exports four categories of products and imports six. Balanced trade and capital accounts are required for equilibrium. Total sectoral allocations of land, labor and capital are constrained to equal the quantities of these inputs in the Haitian economy as of the early 1980s. The model can be used to study the consequences of fiscal and trade policies and sectorally oriented productivity improvement policies. Guidance is offered regarding how to use the model to study economic growth and technological change. Limitations of the mode are also pointed out as well as user strategies which can lessen or work around some of those limitations. 19 refs.

  18. Effects of a Transition to a Hydrogen Economy on Employment in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tolley, George S.; Jones, Donald W. Mintz, Marianne M.; Smith, Barton A.; Carlson, Eric; Unnasch, Stefan; Lawrence, Michael; Chmelynski, Harry

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy report, Effects of a Transition to a Hydrogen Economy on Employment in the United States Report to Congress, estimates the effects on employment of a U.S. economy transformation to hydrogen between 2020 and 2050. The report includes study results on employment impacts from hydrogen market expansion in the transportation, stationary, and portable power sectors and highlights possible skill and education needs. This study is in response to Section 1820 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (Public Law 109-58) (EPACT). Section 1820, “Overall Employment in a Hydrogen Economy,” requires the Secretary of Energy to carry out a study of the effects of a transition to a hydrogen economy on several employment [types] in the United States. As required by Section 1820, the present report considers: • Replacement effects of new goods and services • International competition • Workforce training requirements • Multiple possible fuel cycles, including usage of raw materials • Rates of market penetration of technologies • Regional variations based on geography • Specific recommendations of the study Both the Administration’s National Energy Policy and the Department’s Strategic Plan call for reducing U.S. reliance on imported oil and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The National Energy Policy also acknowledges the need to increase energy supplies and use more energy-efficient technologies and practices. President Bush proposed in his January 2003 State of the Union Address to advance research on hydrogen so that it has the potential to play a major role in America’s future energy system. Consistent with these aims, EPACT 2005 authorizes a research, development, and demonstration program for hydrogen and fuel cell technology. Projected results for the national employment impacts, projections of the job creation and job replacement underlying the total employment changes, training implications, regional employment impacts and the employment impacts of a hydrogen transformation on international competitiveness are investigated and reported.

  19. Quantum Key Distribution with Screening and Analyzing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Won-Ho Kye

    2006-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a quantum key distribution scheme by using screening angles and analyzing detectors which enable to notice the presence of Eve who eavesdrops the quantum channel, as the revised protocol of the recent quantum key distribution [Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 040501 (2005)]. We discuss the security of the proposed quantum key distribution against various attacks including impersonation attack and Trojan Horse attack.

  20. Lightweight Key Establishment for Distributed Networking Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Keith

    / COSIC Seminar 2007 Keith Martin #12;Lightweight Key Establishment/Introduction The plan 1. Wireless sensor networks 2. A key establishment framework 3. Key establishment for grids COSIC Seminar 2007 Keith Establishment/Wireless sensor networks The "classical" scenario COSIC Seminar 2007 Keith Martin #12;Lightweight

  1. Basic Research Needs for the Hydrogen Economy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    carbon nanotubes, nanohorns, and fullerene derivatives, organic-inorganic composites, aerogels, and metal-organic frameworks. The development of a suitable hydrogen storage system...

  2. Restore the Economy with Loans to All Taxpayers The mess on Wall Street spilled over into the rest of the economy when it induced a crisis in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buehrer, R. Michael

    Restore the Economy with Loans to All Taxpayers The mess on Wall Street spilled over into the rest of the economy when it induced a crisis in confidence. People felt insecure and sought to increase their cash is to put enough money into the economy that people will be willing to spend at the level needed to keep

  3. Since 1975, the fuel economy of passenger cars and light trucks has been regulated by the corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Since 1975, the fuel economy of passenger cars and light trucks has been regulated by the corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards, established during the energy crises of the 1970s. Calls to increase fuel economy are usually met by a fierce debate on the effectiveness of the CAFE standards

  4. Nigeria: Energy for sustainable development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eleri, E.O. [Fridtjof Nansen Inst., Oslo (Norway)

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Though an essentially contested concept, it is safe to acknowledge that the attainment of sustainable development requires that the growth and well-being of present generations are brought about in such ways that the ability of future people to meet their own needs will not be compromised. The availability of safe and sound energy as a factor of production is a key element in such a development process. Despite the abundance of energy resources, acute shortages of energy services have become endemic in Nigeria. This paper reassesses the common proposition that energy has fueled growth and development in Nigeria by its role as the chief source of state revenue and through its input into economic activities in the country. It is argued here, however, that conventional energy management in Nigeria has tended to create development flaws of its own. The article is divided into six sections: 1st, a general account of the energy and development linkages in Nigeria; 2nd, the failures of these linkages are assessed; 3rd, policy initiatives are considered that would be reconcilable to the nation`s sustainable development; 4th, the present reform agenda, its inadequacies and barriers are surveyed; 5th, the achievement of sustainable development, it is argued, will demand the re-institutionalization of the political economy of the energy sector in Nigeria, which will depend largely on the resolution of the dilemmas and conflicts in the country`s broader political and economic reforms; and 6th, an outlook is suggested for future policy development.

  5. Multiply Connected Topological Economics, Confidence Relation and Political Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi-Fang Chang

    2010-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Using the similar formulas of the preference relation and the utility function, we propose the confidence relations and the corresponding influence functions that represent various interacting strengths of different families, cliques and systems of organization. Since they can affect products, profit and prices, etc., in an economic system, and are usually independent of economic results, therefore, the system can produce a multiply connected topological economics. If the political economy is an economy chaperoned polity, it will produce consequentially a binary economy. When the changes of the product and the influence are independent one another, they may be a node or saddle point. When the influence function large enough achieves a certain threshold value, it will form a wormhole with loss of capital. Various powers produce usually the economic wormhole and various corruptions.

  6. Metabolic paths in world economy and crude oil price

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Picciolo, Francesco; Ruzzenenti, Franco

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1983 Hamilton demonstrated the correlation between the price of oil and gross national product for the U.S. economy. A prolific literature followed exploring the potential correlation of oil prices with other important indices like inflation, industrial production, and food prices, using increasingly refined tools. Our work sheds new light on the role of oil prices in shaping the world economy by investigating the metabolic paths of value across trade between 1960 and 2010, by means of Markov Chain analysis. We show that the interdependence of countries' economies are strictly (anti)correlated to the price of oil. We observed a remarkably high correlation of 0.85, unmatched by any former study addressing the correlation between oil price and major economic indicators.

  7. Strategic analysis of mobile money ventures in Developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caballero, Luis (Luis Alberto Caballero Parra)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mobile money services are spreading rapidly in many developed and developing countries across the world. Whereas in developed economies these new services are seen as a way to make current services more functional and ...

  8. Future of Liquid Biofuels for APEC Economies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milbrandt, A.; Overend, R. P.

    2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project was initiated by APEC Energy Working Group (EWG) to maximize the energy sector's contribution to the region's economic and social well-being through activities in five areas of strategic importance including liquid biofuels production and development.

  9. GROWING A NEW ECONOMY FOR MICHIGAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    inventory of woody biomass feedstocks in the state establishing sustainability guide- lines for managing and using woody biomass feedstocks developing a supply chain model to understand the effects of innovations

  10. Key issues of FED/INTOR impurity control system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abdou, M.A.

    1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A key part of the FED/INTOR activity over the past year has focused on examining the critical issues and developing credible physics and engineering solutions for the impurity control system. The primary emphasis of the work was on the edge-region physics, plasma-wall interaction, materials, engineering and magnetic considerations of the poloidal divertor and pump limiter.

  11. LBNL-63807, REV. 1 International Experience with Key

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -setting agreement programs calls for establishment of a coordinated set of policies that provide strong economic incentives as well as technical and financial support to participating industries. The key program elements protocols, development of incentives and supporting policies, monitoring progress toward targets

  12. Architecture of the Secoqc Quantum Key Distribution network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mehrdad Dianati; Romain Alleaume

    2006-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The European projet Secoqc (Secure Communication based on Quantum Cryptography) aims at developing a global network for unconditionally secure key distribution. This paper specifies the requirements and presents the principles guiding the design of this network, and relevant to its architecture and protocols.

  13. PEM FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGY Key Research Needs and Approaches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Developer University #12;8 FUEL CELL RESEARCH NEEDS MEA optimization should focus on new materials Pt (full1 PEM FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGY Key Research Needs and Approaches Tom Jarvi UTC Power South Windsor, CT 06074 23 January 2008 #12;2 UTC POWER MARKET FOCUS Transportation Fuel Cells On-Site Power Solutions #12

  14. BURNING PLASMA NEXT STEPS: DISCUSSION OF KEY DEVELOPMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and boundary physics in the regime of dominant self-heating. ­ TECHNOLOGY · 2. Plasma support technologies (heating, fuel delivery, exhaust, plasma- facing components, and magnets) will benefit most because technologies (remote handling, vacuum vessel, blankets, safety and materials) will advance as a result

  15. Key Concepts in Project Development and Financing in Alaska

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    docsfy10osti46668.pdf; and http:thegreenwombat.com20071001denver-airport-goes-solar 42 Energy Service Companies (ESCo) * A long-term energy management partner *...

  16. Key Concepts in Project Development and Financing in Alaska

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment ofLetter Report: I11IG002RTC3WASTE-TO-ENERGY:KenKeri Fulton2:

  17. LANL to play key role in biofuel development

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn12electron 9 5 - -/e),,s - 6157 /TopLANLLANL

  18. Counterfactual quantum key distribution with high efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun Ying [State Key Laboratory of Networking and SwitchingTechnology, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876 (China); Beijing Electronic Science and Technology Institute, Beijing 100070 (China); Wen Qiaoyan [State Key Laboratory of Networking and SwitchingTechnology, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876 (China)

    2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In a counterfactual quantum key distribution scheme, a secret key can be generated merely by transmitting the split vacuum pulses of single particles. We improve the efficiency of the first quantum key distribution scheme based on the counterfactual phenomenon. This scheme not only achieves the same security level as the original one but also has higher efficiency. We also analyze how to achieve the optimal efficiency under various conditions.

  19. Florida Keys Electric Cooperative- Residential Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Florida Keys Electric Cooperative offers residential members rebates for installing energy efficient measures. To qualify for rebates, members must first call FKEC and make an appointment for a...

  20. Brain Receptor Structures Key to Future Therapeutics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Brain Receptor Structures Key to Future Therapeutics Print With an aging population in America, it is more important than ever to discover ways to treat or prevent diseases...

  1. Key Benefits for the M.Sc. Students A monthly stipend of 10,000/-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rahman, A.K.M. Ashikur

    for app development 24-hours graduate lab facilities with air condition Key Benefits for the M with air condition Key Benefits for the Ph.D. Students (Full Time) A monthly stipend of 30,000/- Tuition for app development 24-hours graduate lab facilities with air condition Provision for research visit

  2. Developing a Regional Recovery Framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lesperance, Ann M.; Olson, Jarrod; Stein, Steven L.; Clark, Rebecca; Kelly, Heather; Sheline, Jim; Tietje, Grant; Williamson, Mark; Woodcock, Jody

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract A biological attack would present an unprecedented challenge for local, state, and federal agencies; the military; the private sector; and individuals on many fronts ranging from vaccination and treatment to prioritization of cleanup actions to waste disposal. To prepare the Seattle region to recover from a biological attack, the Seattle Urban Area Security Initiative (UASI) partners collaborated with military and federal agencies to develop a Regional Recovery Framework for a Biological Attack in the Seattle Urban Area. The goal was to reduce the time and resources required to recover and restore wide urban areas, military installations, and other critical infrastructure following a biological incident by providing a coordinated systems approach. Based on discussions in small workshops, tabletop exercises, and interviews with emergency response agency staff, the partners identified concepts of operation for various areas to address critical issues the region will face as recovery progresses. Key to this recovery is the recovery of the economy. Although the Framework is specific to a catastrophic, wide-area biological attack using anthrax, it was designed to be flexible and scalable so it could also serve as the recovery framework for an all-hazards approach. The Framework also served to coalesce policy questions that must be addressed for long-term recovery. These questions cover such areas as safety and health, security, financial management, waste management, legal issues, and economic development.

  3. Comments on the Joint Proposed Rulemaking to Establish Light-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emission Standards and Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wenzel, Thomas P

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on occupant safety than fuel economy standards that arethe automobile fuel economy standards program, NHTSA docketCorporate Average Fuel Economy Standards Docket No. NHTSA–

  4. Productive Economy InternetMobilephonesBudgetanalysisGreeneconomyRapid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berzins, M.

    manufacturing work 1990s A new process, `Selective Laser Sintering', paves way for rapid manufacture of productsProductive Economy InternetMobilephonesBudgetanalysisGreeneconomyRapid manufacturing 1967 UK computer design files ­ using plastic lays foundation for new low-cost, low- waste manufacturing techniques

  5. Minnesota Discovery, Research and InnoVation Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanchette, Robert A.

    and surveillance for existing and emerging plant, human and animal pathogens Novel food processing10/16/12 1 Minnesota Discovery, Research and InnoVation Economy (MnDRIVE) Board of Regents October the challenges and capture the opportunities for MN 4. What difference can we make? Catalyze innovation, empower

  6. Automobile Prices, Gasoline Prices, and Consumer Demand for Fuel Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    2008 Abstract The relationship between gasoline prices and the demand for vehicle fuel efficiencyAutomobile Prices, Gasoline Prices, and Consumer Demand for Fuel Economy Ashley Langer University evidence that automobile manufacturers set vehicle prices as if consumers respond to gasoline prices. We

  7. III. -ECONOMY Pig production : short-term prospects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    feed. The main price formation mechanisms on these markets are explained : the relationships between on the E.E.C. scene, formation of soyabean meal prices within the « oil and protein crop complexand price forecasting H. MAROUBY LT.P., Service Economie, 34, bd de la Gare, 3150!0 Toulouse As pig price

  8. California Water Policy Seminar Series Reconciling Ecosystem And Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrara, Katherine W.

    California Water Policy Seminar Series Reconciling Ecosystem And Economy Winter 2014 Mondays, 4 Applying reconciliation ecology to aquatic ecosystems in California. Peter Moyle and Melanie Truan, UC of Chief Counsel, State Water Resources Control Board Feb. 10 Reconciling ecosystem goals for San Francisco

  9. AGRICULTURE, 2006 Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radeloff, Volker C.

    STATUS OF WISCONSIN AGRICULTURE, 2006 Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy Situation and Outlook-Added Agriculture · Organic Farming in Wisconsin · A New Wisconsin Cooperative Law Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics College of Agricultural and Life Sciences University of Wisconsin-Madison Cooperative

  10. Wisconsin Agriculture Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radeloff, Volker C.

    STATUS OF Wisconsin Agriculture 2011 · Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy · Current Outlook: Farm of Agricultural and Applied Economics College of Agricultural and Life Sciences University of Wisconsin-Madison Cooperative Extension University of Wisconsin-Extension #12;Status of Wisconsin Agriculture, 2011 An annual

  11. AGRICULTURE, 2008 Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radeloff, Volker C.

    STATUS OF WISCONSIN AGRICULTURE, 2008 Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy Situation and Outlook of Working Lands in Wisconsin · Hired Labor on Wisconsin Dairy Farms Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics College of Agricultural and Life Sciences University of Wisconsin-Madison Cooperative Extension

  12. AGRICULTURE, 2004 Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radeloff, Volker C.

    STATUS OF WISCONSIN AGRICULTURE, 2004 Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy Situation and Outlook Situation: Implications for U.S. Agriculture · The Evolution and Current Status of Livestock Production and Meat Processing in Wisconsin Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics College of Agricultural

  13. AGRICULTURE, 2007 Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radeloff, Volker C.

    STATUS OF WISCONSIN AGRICULTURE, 2007 Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy Situation and Outlook and Challenges · Current Prospects for the 2007 Farm Bill Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics College of Agricultural and Life Sciences University of Wisconsin-Madison Cooperative Extension University

  14. Assessment of Biomass Resources from Marginal Lands in APEC Economies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milbrandt, A.; Overend, R. P.

    2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this study is to examine the marginal lands in Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) economies and evaluate their biomass productivity potential. Twelve categories of marginal lands are identified using the Global Agro-Ecological Zones system of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization.

  15. UNIVERSITE DE BOURGOGNE LABORATOIRE D'ECONOMIE ET DE GESTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    2 UNIVERSITE DE BOURGOGNE LABORATOIRE D'ECONOMIE ET DE GESTION FARGO ­ FINANCE, ARCHITECTURE ET PAR DES CAPITALINVESTISSEURS: LE CAS FRANÇAIS Thèse pour l'obtention du Doctorat ès Sciences de Gestion, option Finance Présentée le 12 juillet 2010 Par Kan Honorine N'DRI MEMBRES DU JURYMEMBRES DU

  16. Agricultural Trade and the U.S. Economy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCorkle, Dean; Taylor, Timothy G.; Fairchild, Gary F.; Harris, Harold M.; Rosson, C. Parr

    1999-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Agricultural Trade and the U.S. Economy Timothy G. Taylor, Gary F. Fairchild, Harold M. Harris, Jr. and Parr Rosson* Introduction As U.S. government support to agriculture declines, understanding the econom- ic impacts of agricultural trade and how...

  17. PA Nanotechnology 2012: Nanotech's Role in Advancing PA's Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilchrist, James F.

    PA Nanotechnology 2012: Nanotech's Role in Advancing PA's Economy Date: June 5, 2012 Time: 7:30 am collaborative nanotechnology research, education, technology transfer, entrepreneurship, and commercialization within the Commonwealth. · Publicize and promote PA leadership in nanotechnology R&D, workforce education

  18. PA Regional Nanotechnology Conference Collaborating in Today's Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilchrist, James F.

    4/23/2009 Present PA Regional Nanotechnology Conference Collaborating in Today's Economy May 27 of green technologies and alternative energy. The PA Initiative for Nanotechnology (PIN), established organizations - Drexel University's DNI, the LNN of Lehigh University, and The Nanotechnology Institute (NTI

  19. Field Test of Measurement-Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan-Lin Tang; Hua-Lei Yin; Si-Jing Chen; Yang Liu; Wei-Jun Zhang; Xiao Jiang; Lu Zhang; Jian Wang; Li-Xing You; Jian-Yu Guan; Dong-Xu Yang; Zhen Wang; Hao Liang; Zhen Zhang; Nan Zhou; Xiongfeng Ma; Teng-Yun Chen; Qiang Zhang; Jian-Wei Pan

    2014-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A main type of obstacles of practical applications of quantum key distribution (QKD) network is various attacks on detection. Measurement-device-independent QKD (MDIQKD) protocol is immune to all these attacks and thus a strong candidate for network security. Recently, several proof-of-principle demonstrations of MDIQKD have been performed. Although novel, those experiments are implemented in the laboratory with secure key rates less than 0.1 bps. Besides, they need manual calibration frequently to maintain the system performance. These aspects render these demonstrations far from practicability. Thus, justification is extremely crucial for practical deployment into the field environment. Here, by developing an automatic feedback MDIQKD system operated at a high clock rate, we perform a field test via deployed fiber network of 30 km total length, achieving a 16.9 bps secure key rate. The result lays the foundation for a global quantum network which can shield from all the detection-side attacks.

  20. Secure key distribution by swapping quantum entanglement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Song, Daegene [National Institute of Standards and Technology, 100 Bureau Drive, MS 8910, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States)

    2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report two key distribution schemes achieved by swapping quantum entanglement. Using two Bell states, two bits of secret key can be shared between two distant parties that play symmetric and equal roles. We also address eavesdropping attacks against the schemes.

  1. On quantum key distribution using ququarts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kulik, S. P., E-mail: Sergei.Kulik@gmail.com; Shurupov, A. P. [Moscow State University (Russian Federation)

    2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A comparative analysis of quantum key distribution protocols using qubits and ququarts as information carriers is presented. Several schemes of incoherent attacks that can be used by an eavesdropper to obtain secret information are considered. The errors induced by the eavesdropper are analyzed for several key distribution protocols.

  2. Integrating Agricultural and Forestry GHG Mitigation Response into General Economy Frameworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarl, Bruce A.

    Integrating Agricultural and Forestry GHG Mitigation Response into General Economy Frameworks. #12;2 Integrating Agricultural and Forestry GHG Mitigation Response into General Economy Frameworks for characterizing potential responses to greenhouse gas mitigation policies by the agriculture and forestry

  3. Effects Of a Transition to a Hydrogen Economy on Employment in...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the employment effects of a transformation of the U.S. economy to the use of hydrogen in the 2020 to 2050 timeframe. Effects of a Transition to a Hydrogen Economy on...

  4. Fact #680: June 20, 2011 Fuel Economy is "Most Important" When...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    0: June 20, 2011 Fuel Economy is "Most Important" When Buying a Vehicle Fact 680: June 20, 2011 Fuel Economy is "Most Important" When Buying a Vehicle A June 2011 survey asked the...

  5. Twenty-Sixth Annual Summer Economic Institute for Teachers Fundamental Issues Facing the Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Straight, Aaron

    Twenty-Sixth Annual Summer Economic Institute for Teachers Fundamental Issues Facing the Economy and Why is it Good for the Economy? Jonathan Coslet, TPG Sharing of Teaching Ideas, Resources

  6. Political Economy Graduate Certificate c/o Department of Political Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Political Economy Graduate Certificate c/o Department of Political Science Clark C346 Colorado.stevis@colostate.edu Political Economy Graduate Interdisciplinary Studies Program Enrollment Form (*) (03/01/05) Name

  7. Project Information Form Project Title Reducing Truck Emissions and Improving Truck Fuel Economy via ITS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Project Information Form Project Title Reducing Truck Emissions and Improving Truck Fuel Economy new traffic flow and traffic light control concepts with respect to emissions and fuel economy. Some

  8. Survey of Biomass Resource Assessments and Assessment Capabilities in APEC Economies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milbrandt, A.; Overend, R. P

    2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This survey of biomass resource assessments and assessment capabilities in Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) economies considered various sources: academic and government publications, media reports, and personal communication with contacts in member economies.

  9. Appel d'offre Call for application Chaire Economie de l'innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rennes, Université de

    appel d'offre pour la création d'une chaire de recherche et de formationAppel d'offre ­ Call for application Chaire « Economie de l Economie et Management). Il pourra aussi faciliter les interactions de recherche

  10. How Does Your Fuel Economy Compare to the Test Ratings on Fueleconomy...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    How Does Your Fuel Economy Compare to the Test Ratings on Fueleconomy.gov? How Does Your Fuel Economy Compare to the Test Ratings on Fueleconomy.gov? November 12, 2009 - 8:36am...

  11. The 2014 Fuel Economy Guide Can Help You Choose Your Next Fuel...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Read the 2014 Fuel Economy Guide to inform your new car purchase this year. | Photo courtesy of iStockphoto.comThomasEyeDesign Read the 2014 Fuel Economy Guide to inform your...

  12. Sipping fuel and saving lives: increasing fuel economy without sacrificing safety

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordon, Deborah; Greene, David L.; Ross, Marc H.; Wenzel, Tom P.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ford delays plans to boost fuel economy of its SUVs. WallImproving safety without impacting fuel economy. Honda MotorCompany, October 4. SIPPING FUEL AND SAVING LIVES / 24

  13. Automobile Fuel; Economy and CO2 Emissions in Industrialized Countries: Troubling Trends through 2005/6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Circle of Measuring Automobile Fuel Use, Energy Policy 21. (M. , Dolan, K. , 1993b, Fuel Prices and Economy: Factors1994. New Car Test and Actual Fuel Economy: Yet Another Gap?

  14. Fuel Economy and Emmissions of the Ethanol-Optimized Saab 9-5...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Fuel Economy and Emmissions of the Ethanol-Optimized Saab 9-5 Biopower Fuel Economy and Emmissions of the Ethanol-Optimized Saab 9-5 Biopower This page contains information on the...

  15. The Political Economy of Agri-Environmental Policies in the EU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swinnen, Johan

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Economy of Agri-Environmental Policies in the EU JohanEconomy of Agri-Environmental Policies in the EU Johan F.M.changes” Agri-environmental policies are only fraction of

  16. TRB 05-1336 The Effect of Fuel Economy on Automobile Safety: A Reexamination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TRB 05-1336 The Effect of Fuel Economy on Automobile Safety: A Reexamination November 16, 2004 Word of 1975. The program requires automobile producers to meet fleet average fuel economy standards set

  17. Essays on social networks in development economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chandrasekhar, Arun Gautham

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the role that social networks play in developing economies. The first two chapters analyze econometric issues that arise when researchers work with sampled network data. The final two chapters study ...

  18. The Evolution of Economies of Scale Regarding Pollution Control: Cross-Sectional Evidence from a Transition Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Earnhart, Dietrich H.; Lizal, Lubomir

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper assesses whether firms face economies and/or diseconomies of scale with respect to air pollution control by evaluating the effects of production on firm-level air emission levels. To achieve this objective, this paper uses an unbalanced...

  19. Development Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Background "Timber is an environmentally friendly, versatile and cost-effective building material in high net value end markets, particularly construction. Towards this end, key objectives, priority and timber based products in construction to help reduce the impact of climate change. The TDP will help us

  20. Consistent Query Answering Of Conjunctive Queries Under Primary Key Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pema, Enela

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Queries and Primary Key Constraints . . . . . . . . . .of Employee w.r.t. the primary key SSN ? {name, salary} . .query answering under primary keys: a characterization of

  1. Economic Contributions of the Florida Craft Brewing Industry to the Florida Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    Economic Contributions of the Florida Craft Brewing Industry to the Florida Economy Timothy G.....................................................................................................34 #12;i Economic Contributions of the Florida Craft Brewing Industry to the Florida Economy of the Florida craft brewing industry on the state's economy, which was conducted using the University of Florida

  2. The knowledge economy in Europe A report prepared for the 2007 EU Spring Council

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen-Burger, Yun-Heh (Jessica)

    The knowledge economy in Europe A report prepared for the 2007 EU Spring Council Prepared by Ian. Knowledge industry employment in Europe 6 4. Moving towards a knowledge based economy in Europe 7 5 10 8. Investing in knowledge 11 9. Next steps 23 Sponsors for the knowledge economy programme include

  3. Fuel Economy Comparisons of Series, Parallel and HMT Hydraulic Hybrid Architectures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Perry Y.

    Fuel Economy Comparisons of Series, Parallel and HMT Hydraulic Hybrid Architectures Zhekang Du, Kai and do not require costly batteries, they have the potential to achieve high fuel economy and performance and effectiveness in engine management. This paper compares the fuel economies and performance

  4. Estimating the Economic Impact for the Commercial Hard Clam Culture Industry on the Economy of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    1 Estimating the Economic Impact for the Commercial Hard Clam Culture Industry on the Economy that the economic impact of the cultured hard clam industry on the economy of Florida was approximately $34 million communities and the statewide economy Florida. A follow-up study to the 2000 study was recently funded

  5. An Economy Driven Resource Management Architecture for Global Computational Power Grids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar

    An Economy Driven Resource Management Architecture for Global Computational Power Grids Rajkumar and scheduling driven by computational economy in the emerging grid computing context. They also apply this limitation, we have proposed an infrastructure called GRid Architecture for Computational Economy (GRACE

  6. EconoGrid: A detailed Simulation Model of a Standards-based Grid Compute Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EconoGrid: A detailed Simulation Model of a Standards-based Grid Compute Economy EconoGrid is a detailed simulation model, implemented in SLX1 , of a grid compute economy that implements selected of users. In a grid compute economy, computing resources are sold to users in a market where price

  7. Allais's Trading Process And The Dynamic Evolution of an OLG Markets Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Allais's Trading Process And The Dynamic Evolution of an OLG Markets Economy Jean-Michel Courtault Bertrand Crettez Naila Hayek November 2003 Abstract We study a trading process for a pure exchange economy the second fundamental conver- gence theorem of Allais [1967] to a pure exchange economy with overlapping

  8. Knowledge economy, Learning society and Lifelong Learning A review of the French literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Knowledge economy, Learning society and Lifelong Learning A review of the French literature savoir" or more often "économie de la connaissance" (knowledge economy-KE-). Similar difficulties arise economy (or society) and the initial and further education systems. But it also could explain why some

  9. POLITICAL ECONOMY (Div. II) Chair,Professor LARA SHORE-SHEPPARD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aalberts, Daniel P.

    1 POLITICAL ECONOMY (Div. II) Chair,Professor LARA SHORE-SHEPPARD Advisory Committee: Professors Economy major is designed to give students a grasp of the ways in which political and economic forces of specialization that may characterize either discipline taken by itself. Three of the required Political Economy

  10. Economic Contributions of the Florida Craft Brewing Industry to the Florida Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    Economic Contributions of the Florida Craft Brewing Industry to the Florida Economy Timothy G Contributions of the Florida Craft Brewing Industry to the Florida Economy Executive Summary The Florida Brewers on the state's economy, which was conducted using the University of Florida's Food and Resource Economics

  11. CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Copyright in the Knowledge Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Copyright in the Knowledge Economy Wellcome Trust response to Copyright in the Knowledge Economy November 2008 Page 1 of 8 European Commission: Copyright in the Knowledge Economy Response by the Wellcome Trust November 2008 1. The Wellcome Trust is pleased to have

  12. Thwarting systems and institutional dynamics, or how to stabilize an unstable economy.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Thwarting systems and institutional dynamics, or how to stabilize an unstable economy. Eric Nasica contained in Minsky's approach, namely that the economy is subject to "financial dynamics", insofar of institutional mechanisms and of the interventions of public authorities on the dynamics of market economies

  13. FUNDED FACULTY RESEARCH GRANTS (Sciences, Humanities and Arts, Poverty and the Economy)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Robert A.

    FUNDED FACULTY RESEARCH GRANTS FY 2009 (Sciences, Humanities and Arts, Poverty and the Economy Poverty and the Economy Faculty Research Grants KnoxJohn Geography Physical and Mathematical Faculty and the Economy Faculty Research Grants OliveriMichael Lamar Dodd School of Art Senior Faculty Research Grants

  14. On Optimal Monetary Policy Rules and the Construction of MCIs in the Open Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    On Optimal Monetary Policy Rules and the Construction of MCIs in the Open Economy By Alfred V open-economy forward-looking model to underscore the important role of the real exchange rate channel in the conduct of optimal monetary policy. As opposed to the closed economy, optimal monetary policy in the open

  15. The Food and Fiber System and Production Agriculture's Contributions to the Texas Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Food and Fiber System and Production Agriculture's Contributions to the Texas Economy contributing to the state's economy. The food and fiber system in Texas is evolving and changing. The structure in state and local economies. Of particular interest is the relationship between the food and fiber system

  16. Created to Serve: Colorado State University's Impact on the State's Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutledge, Steven

    Created to Serve: Colorado State University's Impact on the State's Economy #12;2 Created to Serve: Created to Serve: Colorado State University's Impact on the State's Economy All data, research's Impact on the State's Economy Message from the President Colorado State, as a land-grant university

  17. An Evaluation of Economy-based Resource Trading and Scheduling on Computational Power Grids for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar

    1 An Evaluation of Economy-based Resource Trading and Scheduling on Computational Power Grids, Computational Economy, Resource Trading, Nimrod/G Resource Broker, Scheduling, and Parameter Sweep Applications, resource allocation or co-allocation, online control, scalability, transparency, and "economy

  18. "Our political economy programs are unique in Canada." carleton.ca/politicaleconomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawson, Jeff W.

    "Our political economy programs are unique in Canada." carleton.ca/politicaleconomy GRADUATE PROGRAMS IN Shape Your Future BaSed on Your reSearch IntereStS The Institute of Political Economy offers issues from an interdisciplinary perspective. Political economy is the study of the ways in which power

  19. An Integrated Assessment of the Impacts of Hydrogen Economy on Transportation, Energy Use, and Air Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yeh, Sonia; Loughlin, Daniel H.; Shay, Carol; Gage, Cynthia

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Economy on Transportation, Energy Use, and Air Emissions fossil fuel imports such as natural gas.Economy on Transportation, Energy Use, and Air Emissions penetration of H 2 -FCVs could increase the use of natural gasEconomy on Transportation, Energy Use, and Air Emissions With the most cost-effective sources of hydrogen likely to be natural gas

  20. The hydrogen energy economy: its long-term role in greenhouse gas reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    The hydrogen energy economy: its long-term role in greenhouse gas reduction Geoff Dutton, Abigail for Climate Change Research Technical Report 18 #12;The Hydrogen Energy Economy: its long term role 2005 This is the final report from Tyndall research project IT1.26 (The Hydrogen energy economy: its

  1. Bibliography for Political Economy and Global Social Change v. 10/15/14

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Allen P.

    1 Bibliography for Political Economy and Global Social Change v. 10/15/14 Procedures for qualifying examinations in the Political Economy of Global Social Change specialization of the Sociology department at UC Riverside. Students wishing to specialization in Political Economy and Global Social

  2. Freedom from Want: American Liberalism and the Global Economy Friday, February, 15, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freedom from Want: American Liberalism and the Global Economy Friday, February, 15, 2008 Speakers book, Freedom from Want: American Liberalism and the Global Economy, on February 15, 2008. The world not lead to the unraveling of the global economy, and laid the foundations of the Bretton Woods

  3. Statistical Simulation to Estimate Uncertain Behavioral Parameters of Hybrid Energy-Economy Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Statistical Simulation to Estimate Uncertain Behavioral Parameters of Hybrid Energy-Economy Models 2011 # Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011 Abstract In energy-economy modeling, new hybrid models) backcasting a hybrid energy- economy model over a historical time period; and (3) the application of Markov

  4. Knowledge ecology and knowledge economy interests -can they be compatible? Rainer Kuhlen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhlen, Rainer

    Knowledge ecology and knowledge economy interests - can they be compatible? Rainer Kuhlen and knowledge ecology - can they be compatible? CC 1 #12;Knowledge ecology and knowledge economy interests - can they be compatible? part of #12;Knowledge ecology and knowledge economy interests - can they be compatible? EIS

  5. Fuel Economy of Vehicles Made in 2004 Description of the sample

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carriquiry, Alicia

    Fuel Economy of Vehicles Made in 2004 Description of the sample: A random sample of 36 cars and light trucks was obtained from all the vehicle models made in 2004. The combined fuel economy estimate the vehicles got 22 MPG or less. There was a good deal of variability in the fuel economy of the 36 cars

  6. Captured key electrical safety lockout system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Darimont, Daniel E. (Aurora, IL)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A safety lockout apparatus for an electrical circuit includes an electrical switch, a key, a lock and a blocking mechanism. The electrical switch is movable between an ON position at which the electrical circuit is energized and an OFF position at which the electrical circuit is deactivated. The lock is adapted to receive the key and is rotatable among a plurality of positions by the key. The key is only insertable and removable when the lock is at a preselected position. The lock is maintained in the preselected position when the key is removed from the lock. The blocking mechanism physically maintains the switch in its OFF position when the key is removed from the lock. The blocking mechanism preferably includes a member driven by the lock between a first position at which the electrical switch is movable between its ON and OFF positions and a second position at which the member physically maintains the electrical switch in its OFF position. Advantageously, the driven member's second position corresponds to the preselected position at which the key can be removed from and inserted into the lock.

  7. Captured key electrical safety lockout system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Darimont, D.E.

    1995-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A safety lockout apparatus for an electrical circuit includes an electrical switch, a key, a lock and a blocking mechanism. The electrical switch is movable between an ON position at which the electrical circuit is energized and an OFF position at which the electrical circuit is deactivated. The lock is adapted to receive the key and is rotatable among a plurality of positions by the key. The key is only insertable and removable when the lock is at a preselected position. The lock is maintained in the preselected position when the key is removed from the lock. The blocking mechanism physically maintains the switch in its OFF position when the key is removed from the lock. The blocking mechanism preferably includes a member driven by the lock between a first position at which the electrical switch is movable between its ON and OFF positions and a second position at which the member physically maintains the electrical switch in its OFF position. Advantageously, the driven member`s second position corresponds to the preselected position at which the key can be removed from and inserted into the lock. 7 figs.

  8. Common Rail Injection System Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Electro-Motive,

    2005-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The collaborative research program between the Department of energy and Electro-Motive Diesels, Inc. on the development of common rail fuel injection system for locomotive diesel engines that can meet US EPA Tier 2 exhaust emissions has been completed. This final report summarizes the objectives of the program, work scope, key accomplishments and research findings. The major objectives of this project encompassed identification of appropriate injection strategies by using advanced analytical tools, development of required prototype hardware/controls, investigations of fuel spray characteristics including cavitation phenomena, and validation of hareware using a single-cylinder research locomotive diesel engine. Major milestones included: (1) a detailed modeling study using advanced mathematical models - several various injection profiles that show simultaneous reduction of NOx and particulates on a four stroke-cycle locomotive diesel engine were identified; (2) development of new common rail fuel injection hardware capable of providing these injection profiles while meeting EMD engine and injection performance specifications. This hardware was developed together with EMD's current fuel injection component supplier. (3) Analysis of fuel spray characteristics. Fuel spray numerical studies and high speed photographic imaging analyses were performed. (4) Validation of new hardware and fuel injection profiles. EMD's single-cylinder research diesel engine located at Argonne National Laboratory was used to confirm emissions and performacne predictions. These analytical ane experimental investigations resulted in optimized fuel injection profiles and engine operating conditions that yield reductions in NOx emissions from 7.8 g/bhp-hr to 5.0 g/bhp-hr at full (rated) load. Additionally, hydrocarbon and particulate emissions were reduced considerably when compared to baseline Tier I levels. The most significant finding from the injection optimization process was a 2% to 3% improvement in fuel economy over EMD's traditional Tier I engine hardware configuration. the common rail fuel injection system enabled this added benefit by virtue of an inherent capability to provide multiple injections per power stroke at high fuel rail pressures. On the basis of the findings in this study, EMD concludes that the new electronically-controlled high-pressure common rail injection system has the potential to meet locomotive Tier 2 NOx and particulates emission standards without sacrificing the fuel economy. A number of areas to further improve the injection hardware and engine operating characteristics to further exploit the benefits of common rail injection system have also been identified.

  9. Experimental study of high speed polarization-coding quantum key distribution with sifted-key

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and links 1. C. H. Bennet and G. Brassard, "Quantum cryptography: Public key distribution and coin tossing

  10. Secure Cryptographic Key Management System (CKMS) Considerations for Smart Grid Devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abercrombie, Robert K [ORNL] [ORNL; Sheldon, Frederick T [ORNL] [ORNL; Aldridge, Hal [ORNL] [ORNL; Duren, Mike [Sypris Electronics, LLC] [Sypris Electronics, LLC; Ricci, Tracy [Sypris Electronics, LLC] [Sypris Electronics, LLC; Bertino, Elisa [ORNL] [ORNL; Kulatunga, Athula [Purdue University] [Purdue University; Navaratne, Uditha Sudheera [Purdue University] [Purdue University

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we examine some unique challenges associated with key management in the Smart Grid and concomitant research initiatives: 1) effectively model security requirements and their implementations, and 2) manage keys and key distribution for very large scale deployments such as Smart Meters over a long period of performance. This will set the stage to: 3) develop innovative, low cost methods to protect keying material, and 4) provide high assurance authentication services. We will present our perspective on key management and will discuss some key issues within the life cycle of a cryptographic key designed to achieve the following: 1) control systems designed, installed, operated, and maintained to survive an intentional cyber assault with no loss of critical function, and 2) widespread implementation of methods for secure communication between remote access devices and control centers that are scalable and cost-effective to deploy.

  11. September 11, 2012 NIST Key Management Workshop 2012 Secure Key Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    September 11, 2012 NIST Key Management Workshop 2012 Secure Key Storage and True Random Number Storage via PUFs - Main Idea - Reliability - Randomness -- InstantiationsInstantiations 3. True Random, including side channel resistance ° Trusted security policy routines ° Secure and authentic key storage

  12. Examining new fuel economy standards for the United States.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Plotkin, S. E.; Energy Systems

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    After decades of futile attempts to increase U.S. fuel economy standards for passenger cars, which have remained unchanged since enactment of the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards in Title V of the 1975 Energy Policy Conservation Act, it seems increasingly likely that new and tougher standards will be enacted in the near future - especially after the Senate's 21 June passage of energy efficiency bill H.R. 6. As this magazine went to press, the bill, which calls for a 40 percent increase in vehicle fuel economy by 2020 among other efficiency and alternative energy goals, was headed to the House of Representatives for more debate. Congress has seen proposals like this since the 1980s, but this is the first time that one of them has passed in the Senate. The Bush administration has also weighed in with a proposal to increase new vehicle fuel economy by 4 percent per year from 2011 to 2017, and the administrator of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has asked Congress to grant the Secretary of Transportation the authority to restructure and increase CAFE standards for cars, a power denied by the original CAFE legislation. A confluence of events has led to this change of political climate, including: the failure of world oil production and refining capacity to keep pace with rapidly growing demand, especially from China and other emerging economies, which has led to the highest oil prices since the 1980s and growing fears that world production of conventional oil may be close to its peak and rapid decline; the escalating influence of oil resources on geopolitics as China seeks to guarantee its future access to supplies, enhanced revenues from the higher prices, which prop up authoritarian regimes in Iran, Venezuela, Russia, and elsewhere and allow them increasing freedom of action; the enhancement of the role of climate change in political decision making by new reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), with much strengthened language about the probability and severity of climate change and man's influence on it, and a recent Supreme Court decision rejecting the Environmental Protection Agency's assertion that it has no authority to regulate greenhouse gas emissions. New fuel economy standards will represent an ambitious and expensive undertaking on the part of the automobile industry and the nation, and proposals for new standards deserve careful congressional and public scrutiny.

  13. Key Implications of the Global Economic Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lansky, Joshua

    Key Implications of the Global Economic Environment For PCT Filings: A Survey of the Issues DMI...............................................................................9 Annex 1: Incentives for Patent Filing: The Analytical Framework...........................11 I-1 Intellectual property, innovation, and economic growth.................................13 2-2 Individual

  14. Extracting secret keys from integrated circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Daihyun, 1976-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modern cryptographic protocols are based on the premise that only authorized participants can obtain secret keys and access to information systems. However, various kinds of tampering methods have been devised to extract ...

  15. BACK TO BASICS: YOUR KEYS TO SAFE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirschner, Denise

    BACK TO BASICS: YOUR KEYS TO SAFE DRIVING FINE-TUNE THE FUNDAMENTALS DRIVE SAFELY WORK WEEK: FRIDAY an occasional refresher. In fact, most company fleet safety programs emphasize basic skills and defensive

  16. Mutual Dependence for Secret Key Agreement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Chung

    A mutual dependence expression is established for the secret key agreement problem when all users are active. In certain source networks, the expression can be interpreted as certain notions of connectivity and network ...

  17. Multipartite secret key distillation and bound entanglement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remigiusz Augusiak; Pawel Horodecki

    2009-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently it has been shown that quantum cryptography beyond pure entanglement distillation is possible and a paradigm for the associated protocols has been established. Here we systematically generalize the whole paradigm to the multipartite scenario. We provide constructions of new classes of multipartite bound entangled states, i.e., those with underlying twisted GHZ structure and nonzero distillable cryptographic key. We quantitatively estimate the key from below with help of the privacy squeezing technique.

  18. Multipartite secret key distillation and bound entanglement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Augusiak, Remigiusz; Horodecki, Pawel [Faculty of Applied Physics and Mathematics, Gdansk University of Technology, Narutowicza 11/12, 80-952 Gdansk (Poland) and ICFO-Institute Ciencies Fotoniques, Mediterranean Technology Park, 08860 Castelldefels (Barcelona) (Spain); Faculty of Applied Physics and Mathematics, Gdansk University of Technology, Narutowicza 11/12, 80-952 Gdansk (Poland)

    2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently it has been shown that quantum cryptography beyond pure entanglement distillation is possible and a paradigm for the associated protocols has been established. Here we systematically generalize the whole paradigm to the multipartite scenario. We provide constructions of new classes of multipartite bound entangled states, i.e., those with underlying twisted Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) structure and nonzero distillable cryptographic key. We quantitatively estimate the key from below with the help of the privacy squeezing technique.

  19. Optimization of Driving Styles for Fuel Economy Improvement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malikopoulos, Andreas [ORNL] [ORNL; Aguilar, Juan P. [Georgia Institute of Technology] [Georgia Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modern vehicles have sophisticated electronic control units, particularly to control engine operation with respect to a balance between fuel economy, emissions, and power. These control units are designed for specific driving conditions and testing. However, each individual driving style is different and rarely meets those driving conditions. In the research reported here we investigate those driving style factors that have a major impact on fuel economy. An optimization framework is proposed with the aim of optimizing driving styles with respect to these driving factors. A set of polynomial metamodels are constructed to reflect the responses produced by changes of the driving factors. Then we compare the optimized driving styles to the original ones and evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness of the optimization formulation.

  20. Slumping Economy Reduces Sawlog Prices In Europe And North America to Lowest Levels in Five Years, Reports The Wood Resource Quarterly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slumping Economy Reduces Sawlog Prices In Europe And North America to Lowest Levels in Five Years Europe. Finnish sawmills currently have some of the highest wood raw-material costs of all countries regular updates of the latest developments in international timber, pulp, lumber and biomass markets

  1. Effects of a Highway Improvement Project on Florida key Deer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Israel D.; Braden, Anthony W.; Lopez, Roel R.; Silvy, Nova J.; Davis, Donald S.; Owen, Catherine B.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the primary inter-island roadway in the Florida Keys. DVCsprimary source of mortality for the endangered Florida Key

  2. Chaos and Nonlinear Dynamics in a Quantum Artificial Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlos Pedro Gonçalves

    2012-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Chaos and nonlinear economic dynamics are addressed for a quantum coupled map lattice model of an artificial economy, with quantized supply and demand equilibrium conditions. The measure theoretic properties and the patterns that emerge in both the economic business volume dynamics' diagrams as well as in the quantum mean field averages are addressed and conclusions are drawn in regards to the application of quantum chaos theory to address signatures of chaotic dynamics in relevant discrete economic state variables.

  3. Structure of the Texas Economy: Emphasis on Agriculture.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mustafa, Gholam; Jones, Lonnie L.

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .40 in the petroleum refining sector. Employment multipliers were highest in the me:! products, petroleum refining and fats and oil mil!: sectors of the Texas economy in 1967, The creation of one new man-year of employment in any of th~e sectors, resulting from... On Chemicals and fertilizer Petroleum refining and related industries Farm machinery i3. 0 ther manufacturing 26. Transportation and warehousing services 27. Communications (radio, television and such) and utility (electric, gas and sanitary) services \\i...

  4. Has the world economy reached its globalization limit?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miskiewicz, Janusz

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The economy globalization measure problem is discussed. Four macroeconomic indices of twenty among the "richest" countries are examined. Four types of "distances" are calculated.Two types of networks are next constructed for each distance measure definition. It is shown that the globalization process can be best characterised by an entropy measure, based on entropy Manhattan distance. It is observed that a globalization maximum was reached in the interval 1970-2000. More recently a deglobalization process is observed.

  5. DEVELOPMENT OF A TURNKEY COMMERCIAL HYDROGEN FUELING STATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    from central production plants; however, the next phase to fostering the hydrogen economy will likely of the hydrogen fuel economy for buses, fleet vehicles, and ultimately personal vehicles. In order to demonstrateDEVELOPMENT OF A TURNKEY COMMERCIAL HYDROGEN FUELING STATION David E. Guro Air Products

  6. The development of large technical systems: implications for hydrogen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    to imagine a new hydrogen energy economy1 in which hydrogen is generated, transported, stored and made for hydrogen and its desirability2 , this hydrogen energy economy is not inevitable. The gap between where weThe development of large technical systems: implications for hydrogen Jim Watson March 2002 Tyndall

  7. Scaling analysis of time series of daily prices from stock markets of transitional economies in the Western Balkans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Savran, Darko; Blesic, Suzana; Miljkovic, Vladimir

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we have analyzed scaling properties of time series of stock market indices (SMIs) of developing economies of Western Balkans, and have compared the results we have obtained with the results from more developed economies. We have used three different techniques of data analysis to obtain and verify our findings: Detrended Fluctuation Analysis (DFA) method, Detrended Moving Average (DMA) method, and Wavelet Transformation (WT) analysis. We have found scaling behavior in all SMI data sets that we have analyzed. The scaling of our SMI series changes from long-range correlated to slightly anti-correlated behavior with the change in growth or maturity of the economy the stock market is embedded in. We also report the presence of effects of potential periodic-like influences on the SMI data that we have analyzed. One such influence is visible in all our SMI series, and appears at a period $T_{p}\\approx 90$ days. We propose that the existence of various periodic-like influences on SMI data may partially...

  8. Testing hybrid electric vehicle emissions and fuel economy at the 1994 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Challenge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duoba, M.; Quong, S.; LeBlanc, N.; Larsen, R.P.

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    From June 12--20, 1994, an engineering design competition called the 1994 Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) Challenge was held in Southfield, Michigan. This collegiate-level competition, which involved 36 colleges and universities from across North America, challenged the teams to build a superior HEV. One component of this comprehensive competition was the emissions event. Special HEV testing procedures were developed for the competition to find vehicle emissions and correct for battery state-of-charge while fitting into event time constraints. Although there were some problems with a newly-developed data acquisition system, they were able to get a full profile of the best performing vehicles as well as other vehicles that represent typical levels of performance from the rest of the field. This paper will explain the novel test procedures, present the emissions and fuel economy results, and provide analysis of second-by-second data for several vehicles.

  9. Much Talk, Mostly Low Key, About Energy Independence -New York... http://www.nytimes.com/2006/02/02/business/02dependence.html?pag... 1 of 3 2/2/2006 2:31 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    vehicles and more energy-efficient cars. In fact, overall federal funding for research and development Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy. Some measures that President Bush left out of his state

  10. Better Technologies Key to Addressing Climate Change Energy Department official explains U.S. initiatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Better Technologies Key to Addressing Climate Change Energy Department official explains U.S. initiatives 17 December 2004 More energy-efficient technologies will be key to reducing greenhouse gas portfolio of technology options that can provide abundant energy to power economic development and still

  11. The Resilience of the Indian Economy to Rising Oil Prices as a Validation Test for a Global Energy-Environment-Economy CGE Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    as on how short-term mechanisms ­ and policy action ­ can smooth the negative impacts of energy price shocks1 The Resilience of the Indian Economy to Rising Oil Prices as a Validation Test for a Global Energy-Environment-Economy CGE Model Céline Guivarcha, * , Stéphane Hallegattea,b , Renaud Crassousa

  12. Quantum key distribution with finite resources: Secret key rates via Renyi entropies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abruzzo, Silvestre; Kampermann, Hermann; Mertz, Markus; Bruss, Dagmar [Institute for Theoretical Physics III, Heinrich-Heine-universitaet Duesseldorf, D-40225 Duesseldorf (Germany)

    2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A realistic quantum key distribution (QKD) protocol necessarily deals with finite resources, such as the number of signals exchanged by the two parties. We derive a bound on the secret key rate which is expressed as an optimization problem over Renyi entropies. Under the assumption of collective attacks by an eavesdropper, a computable estimate of our bound for the six-state protocol is provided. This bound leads to improved key rates in comparison to previous results.

  13. Reference-frame-independent quantum key distribution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laing, Anthony; Rarity, John G.; O'Brien, Jeremy L. [Centre for Quantum Photonics, H. H. Wills Physics Laboratory and Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Bristol, BS8 1UB (United Kingdom); Scarani, Valerio [Centre for Quantum Technologies and Department of Physics, National University of Singapore (Singapore)

    2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe a quantum key distribution protocol based on pairs of entangled qubits that generates a secure key between two partners in an environment of unknown and slowly varying reference frame. A direction of particle delivery is required, but the phases between the computational basis states need not be known or fixed. The protocol can simplify the operation of existing setups and has immediate applications to emerging scenarios such as earth-to-satellite links and the use of integrated photonic waveguides. We compute the asymptotic secret key rate for a two-qubit source, which coincides with the rate of the six-state protocol for white noise. We give the generalization of the protocol to higher-dimensional systems and detail a scheme for physical implementation in the three-dimensional qutrit case.

  14. The Political Economy of Litigation and Settlement at the WTO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guzman, Andrew

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Complainant Defendant Developed Developed Developed LDCLDCDeveloped LDC LDC Mixed 25 Total Number of Cases Percentage

  15. Quantum repeaters and quantum key distribution: the impact of entanglement distillation on the secret key rate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sylvia Bratzik; Silvestre Abruzzo; Hermann Kampermann; Dagmar Bruß

    2013-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate quantum repeaters in the context of quantum key distribution. We optimize the secret key rate per memory per second with respect to different distillation protocols and distillation strategies. For this purpose, we also derive an analytical expression for the average number of entangled pairs created by the quantum repeater, including classical communication times for entanglement swapping and entanglement distillation. We investigate the impact of this classical communication time on the secret key rate. We finally study the effect of the detector efficiency on the secret key rate.

  16. A correct security evaluation of quantum key distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osamu Hirota

    2014-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    There is no doubt that quantum key distribution is an excellent result as a science. However, this paper presents a view on quantum key distribution (QKD) wherein QKD may have a difficulty to provide a sufficient security and good communication performance in real world networks. In fact, a one-time pad forwarded by QKD model with $\\bar{\\epsilon}=10^{-6}$ may be easily decrypted by key estimation. Despite that researchers know several criticisms on the theoretical incompleteness on the security evaluation, Portmann and Rennner, and others still avert from the discussion on criticism, and experimental groups tend to make exaggerated claims about their own work by making it seems that QKD is applicable to commercial communication systems. All such claims are based on a misunderstanding of the meaning of criteria of information theoretic security in cryptography. A severe situation has arisen as a result, one that will impair a healthy development of quantum information science (QIS). Thus, the author hopes that this paper will help to stimulate discussions on developing a more detailed theory.

  17. On the Security of Public Key Protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danny Dolev; et al.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently the use of public key encryption to provide secure network communication has received considerable attention. Such public key systems are usually effective against passive eavesdroppers, who merely tap the lines and try to decipher the message. It has been pointed out, however, that an improperly designed protocol could be vulnerable to an active saboteur, one who may impersonate another user or alter the message being transmitted. Several models are formulated in which the security of protocols can be discussed precisely. Algorithms and characteri-zations that can be used to determine protocol security in these models are given.

  18. Key Renewable Energy Opportunities for Oklahoma Tribes

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment ofLetter Report: I11IG002RTC3WASTE-TO-ENERGY:KenKeriKey IssuesKEY

  19. Lowest Engine-Out Emissions as the Key to the Future of the Heavy...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Powertrain Systems Lowest Engine-Out Emissions as the Key to the Future of the Heavy Duty Diesel Engine - New Development Results Franz X. Moser Theodor Sams, Rolf Dreisbach AVL...

  20. Energy-economy interactions revisited within a comprehensive sectoral model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanson, D. A.; Laitner, J. A.

    2000-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model with considerable sector and technology detail, the ``All Modular Industry Growth Assessment'' Model (AMIGA). It is argued that a detailed model is important to capture and understand the several rolls that energy plays within the economy. Fundamental consumer and industrial demands are for the services from energy; hence, energy demand is a derived demand based on the need for heating, cooling mechanical, electrical, and transportation services. Technologies that provide energy-services more efficiently (on a life cycle basis), when adopted, result in increased future output of the economy and higher paths of household consumption. The AMIGA model can examine the effects on energy use and economic output of increases in energy prices (e.g., a carbon charge) and other incentive-based policies or energy-efficiency programs. Energy sectors and sub-sector activities included in the model involve energy extraction conversion and transportation. There are business opportunities to produce energy-efficient goods (i.e., appliances, control systems, buildings, automobiles, clean electricity). These activities are represented in the model by characterizing their likely production processes (e.g., lighter weight motor vehicles). Also, multiple industrial processes can produce the same output but with different technologies and inputs. Secondary recovery, i.e., recycling processes, are examples of these multiple processes. Combined heat and power (CHP) is also represented for energy-intensive industries. Other modules represent residential and commercial building technologies to supply energy services. All sectors of the economy command real resources (capital services and labor).

  1. An efficient public key infrastructure revocation mechanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Tamara Lyn

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    IMPLEMENTATION 35 PKI Structure Key/Certificate Storage in the Repository. PKI User Interface Communication Between Entities. User Interface to RA Communication . . RA to CA Communication CA to Repository Communication. User Interface to Repository... Communication. . . . 42 11 CA to Certificate Repository Communication. . . 43 12 User Interface to Certificate Repository Communication. . . . . . . 44 13 Certificate Creation Process. . . 46 14 Certificate Revocation Process. . 48 15 Certificate Retrieval...

  2. 2 Key Achievements 7 Greenhouse Gas Reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton University Reports Contents 2 Key Achievements 7 Greenhouse Gas Reduction Campus Energy was established in 2008, the University has invested $5.3 million in energy-savings projects, resulting in annual of a 5.2-megawatt solar collector field. · Audit the remaining 20 of the top 50 energy- consuming

  3. Roadmap for selected key measurements of LHCb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The LHCb Collaboration; B. Adeva; M. Adinolfi; A. Affolder; Z. Ajaltouni; J. Albrecht; F. Alessio; M. Alexander; P. Alvarez Cartelle; A. A. Alves Jr; S. Amato; Y. Amhis; J. Amoraal; J. Anderson; O. Aquines Gutierrez; L. Arrabito; M. Artuso; E. Aslanides; G. Auriemma; S. Bachmann; Y. Bagaturia; D. S. Bailey; V. Balagura; W. Baldini; MdC. Barandela Pazos; R. J. Barlow; S. Barsuk; A. Bates; C. Bauer; Th. Bauer; A. Bay; I. Bediaga; K. Belous; I. Belyaev; M. Benayoun; G. Bencivenni; R. Bernet; M. -O. Bettler; A. Bizzeti; T. Blake; F. Blanc; C. Blanks; J. Blouw; S. Blusk; A. Bobrov; V. Bocci; A. Bondar; N. Bondar; W. Bonivento; S. Borghi; A. Borgia; E. Bos; T. J. V. Bowcock; C. Bozzi; J. Bressieux; S. Brisbane; M. Britsch; N. H. Brook; H. Brown; A. Büchler-Germann; J. Buytaert; J. -P. Cachemiche; S. Cadeddu; J. M. Caicedo Carvajal; O. Callot; M. Calvi; M. Calvo Gomez; A. Camboni; W. Cameron; P. Campana; A. Carbone; G. Carboni; A. Cardini; L. Carson; K. Carvalho Akiba; G. Casse; M. Cattaneo; M. Charles; Ph. Charpentier; A. Chlopik; P. Ciambrone; X. Cid Vidal; P. J. Clark; P. E. L. Clarke; M. Clemencic; H. V. Cliff; J. Closier; C. Coca; V. Coco; J. Cogan; P. Collins; F. Constantin; G. Conti; A. Contu; G. Corti; G. A. Cowan; B. D'Almagne; C. D'Ambrosio; D. G. d'Enterria; W. Da Silva; P. David; I. De Bonis; S. De Capua; M. De Cian; F. De Lorenzi; J. M. De Miranda; L. De Paula; P. De Simone; H. De Vries; D. Decamp; H. Degaudenzi; M. Deissenroth; L. Del Buono; C. Deplano; O. Deschamps; F. Dettori; J. Dickens; H. Dijkstra; M. Dima; S. Donleavy; A. C. dos Reis; A. Dovbnya; T. Du Pree; P. -Y. Duval; L. Dwyer; R. Dzhelyadin; C. Eames; S. Easo; U. Egede; V. Egorychev; F. Eisele; S. Eisenhardt; L. Eklund; D. Esperante Pereira; L. Estève; S. Eydelman; E. Fanchini; C. Färber; G. Fardell; C. Farinelli; S. Farry; V. Fave; V. Fernandez Albor; M. Ferro-Luzzi; S. Filippov; C. Fitzpatrick; F. Fontanelli; R. Forty; M. Frank; C. Frei; M. Frosini; J. L. Fungueirino Pazos; S. Furcas; A. Gallas Torreira; D. Galli; M. Gandelman; Y. Gao; J-C. Garnier; L. Garrido; C. Gaspar; N. Gauvin; M. Gersabeck; T. Gershon; Ph. Ghez; V. Gibson; Yu. Gilitsky; V. V. Gligorov; C. Göbel; D. Golubkov; A. Golutvin; A. Gomes; M. Grabalosa Gándara; R. Graciani Diaz; L. A. Granado Cardoso; E. Graugés; G. Graziani; A. Grecu; G. Guerrer; E. Gushchin; Yu. Guz; Z. Guzik; T. Gys; F. Hachon; G. Haefeli; S. C. Haines; T. Hampson; S. Hansmann-Menzemer; R. Harji; N. Harnew; P. F. Harrison; J. He; K. Hennessy; P. Henrard; J. A. Hernando Morata; A. Hicheur; E. Hicks; W. Hofmann; K. Holubyev; P. Hopchev; W. Hulsbergen; P. Hunt; T. Huse; R. S. Huston; D. Hutchcroft; V. Iakovenko; C. Iglesias Escudero; J. Imong; R. Jacobsson; M. Jahjah Hussein; E. Jans; F. Jansen; P. Jaton; B. Jean-Marie; M. John; C. R. Jones; B. Jost; F. Kapusta; T. M. Karbach; J. Keaveney; U. Kerzel; T. Ketel; A. Keune; S. Khalil; B. Khanji; Y. M. Kim; M. Knecht; J. Knopf; S. Koblitz; A. Konoplyannikov; P. Koppenburg; I. Korolko; A. Kozlinskiy; M. Krasowski; L. Kravchuk; P. Krokovny; K. Kruzelecki; M. Kucharczyk; I. Kudryashov; T. Kvaratskheliya; D. Lacarrere; A. Lai; R. W. Lambert; G. Lanfranchi; C. Langenbruch; T. Latham; R. Le Gac; R. Lefevre; A. Leflat; J. Lefrançois; O. Leroy; K. Lessnoff; L. Li; Y. Y. Li; J. Libby; M. Lieng; R. Lindner; S. Lindsey; C. Linn; B. Liu; G. Liu; J. H. Lopes; E. Lopez Asamar; J. Luisier; F. Machefert; I. Machikhiliyan; F. Maciuc; O. Maev; J. Magnin; A. Maier; R. M. D. Mamunur; G. Manca; G. Mancinelli; N. Mangiafave; U. Marconi; F. Marin; J. Marks; G. Martellotti; A. Martens; L. Martin; D. Martinez Santos; Z. Mathe; C. Matteuzzi; V. Matveev; A. Mazurov; G. McGregor; B. Mcharek; C. Mclean; R. McNulty; M. Merk; J. Merkel; M. Merkin; R. Messi; F. C. D. Metlica; J. Michalowski; S. Miglioranzi; M. -N. Minard; S. Monteil; D. Moran; J. V. Morris; R. Mountain; I. Mous; F. Muheim; R. Muresan; F. Murtas; B. Muryn; M. Musy; J. Mylroie-Smith; P. Naik; T. Nakada; R. Nandakumar; J. Nardulli; Z. Natkaniec; M. Nedos; M. Needham; N. Neufeld; L. Nicolas; S. Nies; V. Niess; N. Nikitin; A. Noor; A. Oblakowska-Mucha; V. Obraztsov; S. Oggero; O. Okhrimenko; R. Oldeman; M. Orlandea; A. Ostankov; J. Palacios; M. Palutan; J. Panman; A. Papadelis; A. Papanestis; M. Pappagallo; C. Parkes; G. Passaleva; G. D. Patel; M. Patel; S. K. Paterson; G. N. Patrick; E. Pauna; C. Pauna; C. Pavel; A. Pazos Alvarez; A. Pellegrino; G. Penso; M. Pepe Altarelli; S. Perazzini; D. L. Perego; A. Pérez-Calero Yzquierdo; E. Perez Trigo; P. Perret; G. Pessina; A. Petrella; A. Petrolini; B. Pietrzyk; D. Pinci; S. Playfer; M. Plo Casasus; G. Polok; A. Poluektov; E. Polycarpo; D. Popov; B. Popovici; S. Poss; C. Potterat; A. Powell; S. Pozzi; V. Pugatch; A. Puig Navarro; W. Qian; J. H. Rademacker; B. Rakotomiaramanana; I. Raniuk; G. Raven; S. Redford; W. Reece

    2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Six of the key physics measurements that will be made by the LHCb experiment, concerning CP asymmetries and rare B decays, are discussed in detail. The "road map" towards the precision measurements is presented, including the use of control channels and other techniques to understand the performance of the detector with the first data from the LHC.

  4. CHEMICAL ABBREVIATION KEY ABBREVIATION CHEMICAL NAME HAZARDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    Corrosive - base LiCl Lithium chloride Harmful MeOH Methanol Flammable #12;CHEMICAL ABBREVIATION KEY Irritant destain Methanol,acetic acid,H2O Flammable, Corrosive - acid DI H2O Deionized water DCM FeCl3 Iron(III) chloride Corrosive - acid FeSO4 Iron(II) sulfate Toxic H2O Water HCl Hydrochloric

  5. BACK TO BASICS: YOUR KEYS TO SAFE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirschner, Denise

    BACK TO BASICS: YOUR KEYS TO SAFE DRIVING BUCKLE UP! Seat belts should never have time off DRIVE the back seat to the front seat.4 ·The back is the best place for pets. According to AAA, similar. Never place the shoulder portion under your arm or behind your back! ·Drivers should sit with at least

  6. Rangeland ecology: Key global research issues & questions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Rangeland ecology: Key global research issues & questions Robin Reid1 and Maria Fernandez Ecology Lab 2Associate Professor Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA Global Issues and Questions in Rangeland Ecology · Despite the focus here on global issues, we need to recognize that Mongolia

  7. Key facts about Argonne National Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemner, Ken

    Key facts about Argonne National Laboratory Argonne National Laboratory occupies 1,500 wooded acres in southeast DuPage County near Chicago. Mission Argonne's mission is to apply a unique blend of world needs of our nation. Argonne conducts R&D in many areas of basic and applied science and engineering

  8. www.defra.gov.uk Environmental Key

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;Environmental Key Performance Indicators Reporting Guidelines for UK Business #12;Department for Environment with the Crown. This publication (excluding the logo) may be reproduced free of charge in any format or medium they operate in, and their impact on the environment, are most likely to prosper in the long-term. At the same

  9. Low Carbon Economy Index 2010 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:Landowners andLodgepole,Lotsee, Oklahoma:Ohio: EnergyLoving County,Economy

  10. International Partnership for a Hydrogen Economy | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment of EnergyIndustry15AmongPartnership for a Hydrogen Economy

  11. The Clean Energy Economy in Three Charts | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you sure you wantJoin us for|Idaho |EnergyTanklessThe Clean Energy Economy

  12. Small Businesses Helping Drive Economy: Clean Energy, Clean Sites |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMayDepartment of Energy Ready, Set, NASCAREnergy EconomySmallDepartment

  13. 2011 Fuel Economy Guide Now Available | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO Overview OCHCOSystems AnalysisVOLUME I A1/19/1015 Blog Postsofof12011 Fuel Economy Guide

  14. 2004 FUEL ECONOMY GUIDE BEST IN CLASS | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of BadTHE U.S. DEPARTMENT OFDecember 18,United4 FUEL ECONOMY GUIDE BEST

  15. ESD.70J Engineering Economy Module -Session 1 1 ESD.70J Engineering Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Entekhabi, Dara

    and flexibility in 1.146/3.56/16.861/ESD.71/ESD.710 ­ Risk and Decision Analysis / Engineering Systems Analysis techniques · Want more? ­ ESD.712: Tools for Analysis: Design for Real Estate and Infrastructure Development and philosophy 3. About Excel 4. Session 1 ­ base case construction and sensitivity analysis #12;ESD.70J

  16. Advanced Manufacturing for a U.S. Clean Energy Economy (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This fact sheet is an overview of the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Manufacturing Office. Manufacturing is central to our economy, culture, and history. The industrial sector produces 11% of U.S. gross domestic product (GDP), employs 12 million people, and generates 57% of U.S. export value. However, U.S. industry consumes about one-third of all energy produced in the United States, and significant cost-effective energy efficiency and advanced manufacturing opportunities remain unexploited. As a critical component of the National Innovation Policy for Advanced Manufacturing, the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Advanced Manufacturing Office (AMO) is focused on creating a fertile environment for advanced manufacturing innovation, enabling vigorous domestic development of transformative manufacturing technologies, promoting coordinated public and private investment in precompetitive advanced manufacturing technology infrastructure, and facilitating the rapid scale-up and market penetration of advanced manufacturing technologies.

  17. Fuel-cycle energy and emissions impacts of tripled fuel economy vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mintz, M.M.; Wang, M.Q.; Vyas, A.D.

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents estimates of the full cycle energy and emissions impacts of light-duty vehicles with tripled fuel economy (3X vehicles) as currently being developed by the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles (PNGV). Seven engine and fuel combinations were analyzed: reformulated gasoline, methanol, and ethanol in spark-ignition, direct-injection engines; low sulfur diesel and dimethyl ether in compression-ignition, direct-injection engines; and hydrogen and methanol in fuel-cell vehicles. The fuel efficiency gain by 3X vehicles translated directly into reductions in total energy demand, petroleum demand, and carbon dioxide emissions. The combination of fuel substitution and fuel efficiency resulted in substantial reductions in emissions of nitrogen oxide, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds, sulfur oxide, and particulate matter smaller than 10 microns, particularly under the High Market Share Scenario.

  18. Chemical and Petroleum Engineering Key and Lab Space Agreement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calgary, University of

    Chemical and Petroleum Engineering Key and Lab Space Agreement Key Holder Information Last Name and Petroleum Engineering remain the property of the Department. I agree to pay a deposit for the keys/Graduate Student Study space that has been assigned. Keys Any keys issued to me from the Department of Chemical

  19. La New economy : un simple boom d'investissement ? Bernard PAULRE *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    La New economy : un simple boom d'investissement ? Bernard PAULRE * MATISSE UMR Université Paris 1 C.N.R.S. n° 8595 Résumé A la question de savoir ce qu'est la New economy, nous répondons en acceptions ou trois formes de discours visant la New economy. Après avoir rendu compte de ses performances et

  20. Recipe for Reform: The Food Economy Movement in Britain During the First World War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buckley, Michael Dennis

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    series. However, one food reformer had not plagiarized fromBefore the war, food reformers addressed endemic hungerback on the prewar reformers' program of "food economy."