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1

Kyrgyzstan: Problems, opportunities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kyrgyzstan is a country of 4.3 million persons in Central Asia with Kazakhstan bordering to the north, China to the southeast, Uzbekistan to the west, and Tajikistan to the southwest. Among Kyrgyzstan's major ethnic groups, Kyrgyz account of 52% of the population, Russians 22%, and Uzbeks 13%. Since independence Sept. 7, 1991, from the Soviet Union, Kyrgyzstan has found itself in a very difficult position. The situation in the energy sector is particularly strained. Oil and gas production are minimal, there are no refineries in the country, and all petroleum products are brought in from Russia, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan. Natural gas in supplied from Turkmenistan. Although there are domestic reserves of coal, imports from Russia and Kazakhstan account for 55% of supply. However, there is significant hydropower potential in Kyrgyzstan. Energy officials have clearly identified development of this resource as the path to energy independence and economic progress. An overview of Kyrgyzstan's energy sector is given in this article for crude oil, natural gas, coal resources, electrical power, and investment opportunities.

Banks, J.; Ebel, R. (International Resources Group, Washington, DC (United States))

1993-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

2

The Post-Soviet Development of Elite-Level Athletics in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

female sports of field hockey and archery, thearts, boxing, ice hockey,figureskating,gymnasticsandtwo team sports, ice hockey and soccer (Ibid. ).

Silecky, Matej

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

The Post-Soviet Development of Elite-Level Athletics in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

medal count in Albertville and first in Barcelona,2012 withmeninAlbertville(Ibid. ). Uzbekistanis

Silecky, Matej

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

CO2 Emissions - Kyrgyzstan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Centrally Planned Europe Kyrgyzstan CO2 Emissions from Kyrgyzstan Data graphic Data CO2 Emissions from Kyrgyzstan image Per capita CO2 Emission Estimates for Kyrgyzstan...

5

Two Line Subject Title One Line Title  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, China, Georgia, Hong Kong, India, Iraq, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Libya, Macau, Moldova, Pakistan, Russia, Taiwan, Tajikistan,...

6

Kazakhstan Overview  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Countries Kazakhstan Last Updated: October 28, 2013 (Notes) full report Overview Kazakhstan, an oil producer since 1911, has the second largest oil ...

7

Documents for Foreign Nationals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kong), Democratic People's Republic of North Korea,Georgia, India, Iraq, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Libya,Moldova, Pakistan, Russia, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan,...

8

Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Website http:www.diw-econ.deenexam Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan Central Asia, Central Asia,...

9

International Energy Statistics - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Kazakhstan 1,605.9 Kyrgyzstan -0.8 Latvia 1 Lithuania 9.1 Moldova (s) Russia 10,397.0 Tajikistan 0.2 ...

10

Uzbekistan - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Uzbekistan sends over half of its natural gas exports to Russia and the remainder to neighboring states such as Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan.

11

Uzbekistan - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Uzbekistan sends over half of its natural gas exports to Russia and the remainder to neighboring states such as Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan.

12

The contribution of leading diseases and risk factors to excess losses of healthy life in eastern Europe: burden of disease study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Tajikistan, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia C Low child, high adult Belarus, Estonia, Hungary, Kazakhstan...

Powles, John W; Zatonski, Witold; Vander Hoorn, Stephen; Ezzati, Majid

2005-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

13

Sustainable development and comprehensive capital : The post-Soviet decline of Central Asia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The general post-Soviet decline of the states of Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan) mirrors specific declines in the robustness of these states' stocks of financial, physical, ...

Sievers, Eric

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Kyrgyzstan starts up its first refinery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Central Asian republic of Kyrgyzstan started up its first oil refinery in October 1996. The 10,000 b/d plant is designed to produce gasoline, diesel, and mazut (heavy fuel oil) from local Kyrgyz crude. Before construction of the Jalalabad refinery, all finished petroleum products were imported from neighboring countries. Kyrgyzstan`s demand for finished products is about 40,000 b/d. The new refinery was designed and constructed by Petrofac of Tyler, Texas, on behalf of Kyrgoil Corp., Calgary. Kyrgoil is a partner with the Kyrgyz state oil company, Kyrgyzsneft, in a venture called Kyrzgyz Petroleum Co. (KPC). KPC has undertaken restoration and continued development of the oil fields in Kyrgyzstan`s Fergana basin, in addition to the refinery project. The company also has marketing rights for finished products within Kyrgyzstan. The refinery comprises: a hydroskimming (atmospheric distillation) section, diesel steam stripping, gasoline blending, and utilities and off-sites, including steam generation, power generation, tank farm, truck and rail tank-car loading and unloading facilities, crude inlet pipeline, high-voltage power line, substation, air compression, laboratory, and maintenance facilities.

McLeod, G. [Petrofac LLC, Tyler, TX (United States)

1997-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

15

BBSLA Kazakhstan (032610) Kazakh (Global Version ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BBSLA Kazakhstan (032610) Kazakh (Global Version 031010) 1 BLACKBERRY SOLUTION ??????????? ???????? ????????????? ...

16

BBSLA - Kazakhstan (032610) Russian (Global Version ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BBSLA - Kazakhstan (032610) Russian (Global Version 031010) 1 ???????????? ?????????? ?? ????????????? ??????? ...

17

NPP Grassland: Dzhanybek, Kazakhstan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dzhanybek, Kazakhstan, 1955-1989 Dzhanybek, Kazakhstan, 1955-1989 [PHOTOGRAPH] Photograph: Termite mound at Dzhanybek (click on the photo to view a larger image from this site). Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: Gilmanov, T. G. 1997. NPP Grassland: Dzhanybek, Kazakhstan, 1955-1989. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Description Productivity of a semi-desert steppe was determined at the Dzhanybek Research Station in Kazakhstan, between 1955 and 1989. These data are part of a series of grassland data sets recently assembled and checked by Dr. Tagir Gilmanov. These data sets cover a wide range of climate and "continentality" (increasing maximum summer temperatures, decreasing

18

NPP Grassland: Shortandy, Kazakhstan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Shortandy, Kazakhstan, 1975-1980 Shortandy, Kazakhstan, 1975-1980 [PHOTOGRAPH] Photograph: Virgin typical steppe at the Shortandy grassland study site (click on the photo to view a series of images from this site). Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: Gilmanov, T. G. 1996. NPP Grassland: Shortandy, Kazakhstan, 1975-1980. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Description Productivity of a dry steppe was determined at the Shortandy study site from 1975 to 1980. Measurement of monthly dynamics of above and below-ground live biomass and dead matter were made for each growing season (April-September). Cumulative above-ground net primary production was estimated. These data are part of a series of grassland data sets recently

19

Tajikistan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tajikistan: Energy Resources Tajikistan: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39,"lon":71,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

20

NNSA, Tajikistan Nuclear and Radiation Safety Agency Sign MOU...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Tajikistan Nuclear and Radiation Safety Agency Sign MOU to Combat Illicit Trafficking | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kazakhstan kyrgyzstan tajikistan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Kyrgyzstan-Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kyrgyzstan-Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly Kyrgyzstan-Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly Economies in Central Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Kyrgyzstan-Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly Economies in Central Asia Agency/Company /Organization German Institute for Economic Research (DIW) Partner Central Asian Regional Environmental Center (CAREC) Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Agriculture, Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Food Supply, Industry, People and Policy Topics - Energy Access, - Energy Security, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://www.diw-econ.de/en/exam Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Kyrgyzstan Central Asia References DIW - Berlin[1]

22

Kyrgyzstan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Kyrgyzstan: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41,"lon":75,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

23

Tajikistan-Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tajikistan-Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly Tajikistan-Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly Economies in Central Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Tajikistan-Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly Economies in Central Asia Agency/Company /Organization German Institute for Economic Research (DIW) Partner Central Asian Regional Environmental Center (CAREC) Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Agriculture, Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Food Supply, Industry, People and Policy Topics - Energy Access, - Energy Security, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://www.diw-econ.de/en/exam Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Tajikistan Central Asia References DIW - Berlin[1]

24

NNSA Conducts Radiological Response Training in Kazakhstan |...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Radiological Response Training in Kazakhstan | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy...

25

FSU/Eastern Europe: Russia spearheads small upturn  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper discusses the political and legal scene in Russia, domestic restructuring, exploration, drilling, development by Western companies and by Russian companies, and production. Exploration and development in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia are also discussed.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Tajikistan-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tajikistan-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Tajikistan-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Tajikistan-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Tajikistan UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

27

NNSA Conducts Radiological Response Training in Kazakhstan |...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

(I-RAPTER) training in Almaty, Kazakhstan. The training, held at the Institute of Nuclear Physics in Almaty, included using radiation detection equipment to locate hidden...

28

Export.gov - Home Kazakhstan - Welcome Page  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

усский усский Register | Manage Account Search Our Site Click to Search Our Site Export.gov Home Opportunities By Industry By Country Market Research Trade Events Trade Leads Free Trade Agreements Solutions International Sales & Marketing International Financing International Logistics Licenses & Regulations Trade Data & Analysis Trade Problems Locations Domestic Offices International Offices FAQ Blog Connect Home > Kazakhstan Local Time in Astana: Print | E-mail Page Kazakhstan Kazakhstan Home Doing Business in Kazakhstan Services for U.S. Companies Trade Events Business Services Providers On-line IP Education Course Central Asia Corner Northern Distribution Network About CS Kazakhstan Internship Program Contact Us Our Worldwide Network About us Press Room Other Worldwide Markets

29

Kazakhstan HEU Removal | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Kazakhstan HEU Removal | National Nuclear Security Administration Kazakhstan HEU Removal | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > content > Four-Year Plan > Kazakhstan HEU Removal Kazakhstan HEU Removal Location Kazakhstan United States 48° 59' 44.1492" N, 67° 3' 37.9692" E See map: Google Maps Printer-friendly version Printer-friendly version

30

Compiling RES Legislation for Kazakhstan | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Compiling RES Legislation for Kazakhstan Compiling RES Legislation for Kazakhstan Jump to: navigation, search Name Compiling RES Legislation for Kazakhstan Agency/Company /Organization Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership, United Nations Development Programme Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Website http://www.reeep.org/127/laws. Country Kazakhstan UN Region Central Asia References Compiling RES Legislation for Kazakhstan[1] Compiling RES Legislation for Kazakhstan Potential of renewable energy sources usage in the Republic of Kazakhstan Report on Benefits of RES to Energy Sector in Kazakhstan (Kyoto) References ↑ "Compiling RES Legislation for Kazakhstan" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Compiling_RES_Legislation_for_Kazakhstan&oldid=328567"

31

An Energy Overview of the Republic of Kyrgyzstan  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The DOE Office of Fossil Energy is maintaining a web site that is meant to provide useful business- and energy-related information about countries and regions of the world for exporters, project developers, and researchers. The site consists of more than 130 country pages (organized into seven different world regions), with each country page having its own set of links to information sources about that country. There are also more than 30 Country Energy Overviews at the web site -- each of these is a comprehensive review of a specific country's entire energy situation, including sections on Energy Policy, Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Hydroelectric/Renewables, Nuclear Power, Energy Transmission Infrastructure, Electricity, Electric Industry Overview, Environmental Activities, Privatization, Trade, and Economic Situation. The specific country highlighted in this Country Energy Overview is Kyrgyzstan. The site is designed to be dynamic. Updates to the overviews will be made as need and resources permit.

anon.

2003-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

32

Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Seminar in Kazakhstan | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Seminar in Kazakhstan Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Seminar in Kazakhstan Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Seminar in Kazakhstan Name Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Seminar in Kazakhstan Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Department of Energy Partner Ministry of Industry and New Technologies of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, National Renewable Energy Laboratory Focus Area Energy Efficiency Resource Type Workshop Program Start 2010 Program End 2010 Country Kazakhstan Central Asia References U.S. Kazakhstan Energy Partnership[1] Abstract Under the auspices of the U.S.-Kazakhstan Energy Partnership, the Ministry of Industry and New Technologies and the U.S. Department of Energy hosted a seminar to address barriers and incentives for renewable energy and energy efficiency.

33

Kazakhstan - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Greenhouse gas data, voluntary report- ing, electric power ... by the Kazakhstan's Electricity Grid Operating ... regional electricity distribution .. ...

34

Kazakhstan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kazakhstan: Energy Resources Kazakhstan: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":48,"lon":68,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

35

An Energy Overview of the Republic of Tajikistan  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The DOE Office of Fossil Energy is maintaining a web site that is meant to provide useful business- and energy-related information about countries and regions of the world for exporters, project developers, and researchers. The site consists of more than 130 country pages (organized into seven different world regions), with each country page having its own set of links to information sources about that country. There are also more than 30 Country Energy Overviews at the web site -- each of these is a comprehensive review of a specific country's entire energy situation, including sections on Energy Policy, Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Hydroelectric/Renewables, Nuclear Power, Energy Transmission Infrastructure, Electricity, Electric Industry Overview, Environmental Activities, Privatization, Trade, and Economic Situation. The specific country highlighted in this Country Energy Overview is Tajikistan. The site is designed to be dynamic. Updates to the overviews will be made as need and resources permit.

anon.

2003-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

36

WWVB Radio Controlled Clocks: Recommended Practices for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 4, British Indian Ocean Territory (Chagos), Kerguelen Island, Maldives Islands, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, Uzbekistan ,Western Kazakhstan ...

2009-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

37

NNSA and Kazakhstan Complete Operation to Eliminate Highly Enriched...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flickr RSS Twitter YouTube NNSA and Kazakhstan Complete Operation to Eliminate Highly Enriched Uranium | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile...

38

Kazakhstan-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kazakhstan-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) Kazakhstan-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) Jump to: navigation, search Name Climate Technology Fund (CTF) Agency/Company /Organization African Development Bank, Asian Development Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Inter-American Development Bank, World Bank Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Geothermal, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Kazakhstan Central Asia References Kazakhstan-CTF Investment Plan[1] Climate Technology Fund (CTF) Screenshot Overview "The Clean Technology Fund (CTF), one of two Climate Investment Funds, promotes scaled-up financing for demonstration, deployment and transfer of

39

Kazakhstan consortium achieves first oil production from Kashagan ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wind Geothermal ... This represents most of Kazakhstan's offshore proved oil reserves and is roughly equivalent to Brazil's entire proved oil reserves, ...

40

Kazakhstan Climate Change Coordination Center | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kazakhstan Climate Change Coordination Center Kazakhstan Climate Change Coordination Center Jump to: navigation, search Name Kazakhstan Climate Change Coordination Center Address 48 Abai Street, Room 102 Astana (473000) Kazakhstan Place Kazakhstan Coordinates 51.169482°, 71.4363563° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":51.169482,"lon":71.4363563,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kazakhstan kyrgyzstan tajikistan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

US-Kazakhstan Energy Partnership | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Partnership Energy Partnership Jump to: navigation, search Logo: US-Kazakhstan Energy Partnership Name US-Kazakhstan Energy Partnership Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Department of Energy Partner National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, KZ Ministry of Industry and New Technology Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Buildings, - Building Energy Efficiency, Wind, Industry Topics Background analysis Resource Type Software/modeling tools, Workshop, Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices Program Start 2009 Program End 2011 Country Kazakhstan Central Asia References NREL International Program [1] Abstract The US-Kazakhstan Energy Partnership is a bilateral initiative developed by US Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman and the Republic of Kazakhstan's Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources Sauat Mynbayev.

42

Kazakhstan-Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kazakhstan-Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly Kazakhstan-Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly Economies in Central Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Kazakhstan-Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly Economies in Central Asia Agency/Company /Organization German Institute for Economic Research (DIW) Partner Central Asian Regional Environmental Center (CAREC) Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Agriculture, Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Food Supply, Industry, People and Policy Topics - Energy Access, - Energy Security, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://www.diw-econ.de/en/exam Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Kazakhstan Central Asia References DIW - Berlin[1]

43

Kazakhstan-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kazakhstan-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network Kazakhstan-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Kazakhstan-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Name Kazakhstan-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Agency/Company /Organization Climate Technology Initiative (CTI), United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Partner International Centre for Environmental Technology Transfer Sector Energy Focus Area Agriculture, Biomass, - Biofuels, - Landfill Gas, - Waste to Energy, Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Greenhouse Gas, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health, - Macroeconomic, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -NAMA, -TNA

44

Kazakhstan-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kazakhstan-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies Kazakhstan-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) Jump to: navigation, search Name Kazakhstan-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) Agency/Company /Organization United States Agency for International Development, United States Environmental Protection Agency, United States Department of Energy, United States Department of Agriculture, United States Department of State Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS Program Start 2010 Program End 2016 Country Kazakhstan Central Asia References EC-LEDS[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Framework 3 Lessons Learned and Good Practices 4 Progress and Outcomes 5 Fact Sheet 6 References Overview "Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) is a

45

U.S. and Kazakhstan Strengthen Energy Ties During Secretary Bodman...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Kazakhstan Strengthen Energy Ties During Secretary Bodman's Visit U.S. and Kazakhstan Strengthen Energy Ties During Secretary Bodman's Visit March 14, 2006 - 11:51am Addthis Meets...

46

Kazakhstan's Energy in Foreign Policy : Oil and Gas in the Multi-vector Policy.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis examines the relationship between Kazakhstans oil and gas resources and its multi-vector foreign policy. The relationship is explored by studying how oil and (more)

Henriksen, Karl Erik Bragtvedt

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Chevron near green light to tap supergiant Tengiz in Kazakhstan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chevron Crop. may soon have a green light to proceed with its Tengiz project in the former Soviet republic of Kazakhstan. The company confirmed an earlier announcement in Alma Ata that it signed a protocol agreeing to principles of cooperation with Kazakhstan on exploration an oil field development. Chevron and Kazakh officials are preparing documents for signature that will enable the project to move forward. The action caps more than 2 years of discussion with officials of the former Soviet Union as well post-Soviet Russia and Kazakhstan. This paper reports that Chevron's original proposal called for it to add Tengiz to its existing Caspian Sea joint venture. The venture, Tengizchevroil, was to involve exploration and production in an area of about 8,900 sq miles and include Tengiz. It would have to construct an oil and gas processing plant with special desulfurization capabilities for each 65,000 b/d of production.

Not Available

1992-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

48

Oil and Gas Resources of the Fergana Basin (Uzbekistan, Tadzhikistan, and Kyrgyzstan)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5(94) 5(94) Oil and Gas Resources of the Fergana Basin (Uzbekistan, Tadzhikistan, and Kyrgyzstan) December 1994 Energy Information Administration Office of Oil and Gas U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Contacts Information General information regarding preparation of this report may be obtained from Craig H. Cranston at 202/586-6023, in Washington, D.C. Specific information regarding the contents of the report may be obtained from the authors: Jack S.

49

Sustainable Development Strategy for Central Asia | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Development Strategy for Central Asia Development Strategy for Central Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Sustainable Development Strategy for Central Asia Agency/Company /Organization AIT-UNEP Regional Resource Centre for Asia and the Pacific Sector Energy, Land Topics Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Guide/manual Website http://www.rrcap.unep.org/nsds Country Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan UN Region Central Asia References SDS Central Asia [1] Overview "SSDS is the agreed guideline for CA countries pursuing sustainable development. The strategy will determine the general approach and directions for the formation of favorable legal, institutional, economical, environmental, informational and other conditions for achievement of

50

Microsoft PowerPoint - International Projects1.pptm.ppt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

International Program International Program Modeling Activities Boris Faybishenko Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley, CA DOE-EM Project Managers- Kurt Gerdes and Skip Chamberlain Performance Assessment Community of Practice Technical Exchange April 13-14, 2010, Richland, WA Outline * Review of projects formerly supported by DOE-EM * Potential International Projects and Analogue Case Studies for ASCEM - Chernobyl Cooling Pond, Ukraine - Nonclassical transport modeling-project with the Nuclear Safety Institute of RAS, Russia - Uranium Mine and Mills Tailing's Covers * Central Asia--Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan - Cementitious Materials for Long-Term Storage and Disposal * Conclusions and Recommendations Overall Objectives of DOE-EM International Program Modeling Activities

51

Microsoft Word - SEC J_Appendix D - Sensitive Foreign Nations Control  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

D, Page 1 D, Page 1 SECTION J APPENDIX D SENSITIVE FOREIGN NATIONS CONTROL 1. Pursuant to the Contract Section I Clause entitled "Sensitive Foreign Nations Controls," "sensitive foreign nations" is one of the countries listed below: Algeria Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus China (People's Republic of China) Cuba Georgia Hong Kong India Iran Iraq Israel Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Libya Moldova North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) Pakistan Russia Sudan Syria Taiwan Tajikistan Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan 2. Due to the dynamic nature of world events, other countries may, at any time, become sensitive. Therefore, caution should be exercised with citizens of countries not listed above to

52

Asian Development Outlook 2010 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Asian Development Outlook 2010 Asian Development Outlook 2010 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Asian Development Outlook 2010: Macroeconomic Management Beyond the Crisis Agency/Company /Organization: Asian Development Bank Sector: Energy Topics: Market analysis, Resource assessment Resource Type: Publications Website: www.adb.org/Documents/Books/ADO/2010/ado2010.pdf Country: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia (country), Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, China, South Korea, Mongolia, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Laos, Vietnam, Singapore, Thailand, Philippines, Myanmar, Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Timor-Leste UN Region: Central Asia, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia

53

EXHIBIT B  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Cuba, Estonia, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Libya, Lithuania, Macao, Moldova, Mongolia, Myanmar...

54

679 | 146 | 22% 89 | 13 | 15%  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

% Kazakhstan 4 | 1 | 25% Azerbaijan 2 | 1 | 50% Turkmenistan 1 | 1 | 100% Tajikistan 1 | 0 | 0% Cyprus 59 | 4

55

U.S. Works With Kazakhstan to Stop Nuclear and Radioactive Material  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Works With Kazakhstan to Stop Nuclear and Radioactive Material Works With Kazakhstan to Stop Nuclear and Radioactive Material Smuggling U.S. Works With Kazakhstan to Stop Nuclear and Radioactive Material Smuggling May 6, 2006 - 10:34am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - As part of the overall U.S. strategy to prevent nuclear and dangerous radiological materials from falling into the hands of terrorists, the Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) announced today that an agreement with the government of Kazakhstan had been signed to create a partnership under the Second Line of Defense program. U.S. Ambassador Ordway joined Kazakhstan Customs Control Committee Chairman Askar Shakirov in signing the accord. The agreement will pave the way for NNSA to work collaboratively with the Kazakhstan Customs Control Committee

56

Kazakhstan-Supporting RBEC Transition to Low-Emission Development | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kazakhstan-Supporting RBEC Transition to Low-Emission Development Kazakhstan-Supporting RBEC Transition to Low-Emission Development Jump to: navigation, search Name Kazakhstan-Supporting RBEC Transition to Low-Emission Development Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), UNDP Bratislava Regional Center Partner Interministerial committees headed by the national focal point on climate change Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Website http://europeandcis.undp.org/e Program Start 2010 Program End 2012 Country Kazakhstan

57

Radiological Conditions at the Semipalatinsk Test Site, Kazakhstan: Preliminary Assessment and Recommendations for Further Study  

SciTech Connect

This is a review of the book ''Radiological Conditions at the Semipalatinsk Test Site, Kazakhstan: Preliminary Assessment and Recommendations for Further Study.''

Napier, Bruce A. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB))

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

U.S., Kazakhstan Agree to Areas of Cooperation in Civil Nuclear Energy |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

, Kazakhstan Agree to Areas of Cooperation in Civil Nuclear , Kazakhstan Agree to Areas of Cooperation in Civil Nuclear Energy U.S., Kazakhstan Agree to Areas of Cooperation in Civil Nuclear Energy July 14, 2010 - 11:42am Addthis At their meeting in Astana on July 13, Ed McGinnis, Deputy Assistant Secretary for International Nuclear Energy Policy and Cooperation of the U.S. Department of Energy, and Albert Rau, First Vice Minister of Kazakhstan's Ministry of Industry and New Technologies, signed the Terms of Reference for the Sub-Working Group on Nuclear Energy under the U.S.-Kazakhstan Energy Partnership. The Joint Action Plan agreed to in October 2009 by the Energy Partnership's co-chairmen, Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman and Minister of Oil and Gas (then Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources) Sauat Mynbayev, focuses U.S.-Kazakhstani cooperation under the Energy

59

U.S., Kazakhstan Agree to Areas of Cooperation in Civil Nuclear Energy |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S., Kazakhstan Agree to Areas of Cooperation in Civil Nuclear U.S., Kazakhstan Agree to Areas of Cooperation in Civil Nuclear Energy U.S., Kazakhstan Agree to Areas of Cooperation in Civil Nuclear Energy July 14, 2010 - 11:42am Addthis At their meeting in Astana on July 13, Ed McGinnis, Deputy Assistant Secretary for International Nuclear Energy Policy and Cooperation of the U.S. Department of Energy, and Albert Rau, First Vice Minister of Kazakhstan's Ministry of Industry and New Technologies, signed the Terms of Reference for the Sub-Working Group on Nuclear Energy under the U.S.-Kazakhstan Energy Partnership. The Joint Action Plan agreed to in October 2009 by the Energy Partnership's co-chairmen, Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman and Minister of Oil and Gas (then Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources)

60

An Energy Overview of the Republic of Kazakhstan  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The DOE Office of Fossil Energy is maintaining a web site that is meant to provide useful business- and energy-related information about countries and regions of the world for exporters, project developers, and researchers. The site consists of more than 130 country pages (organized into seven different world regions), with each country page having its own set of links to information sources about that country. There are also more than 30 Country Energy Overviews at the web site -- each of these is a comprehensive review of a specific country's entire energy situation, including sections on Energy Policy, Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Hydroelectric/Renewables, Nuclear Power, Energy Transmission Infrastructure, Electricity, Electric Industry Overview, Environmental Activities, Privatization, Trade, and Economic Situation. The specific country highlighted in this Country Energy Overview is Kazakhstan. The site is designed to be dynamic. Updates to the overviews will be made as need and resources permit.

anon.

2003-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kazakhstan kyrgyzstan tajikistan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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61

Opportunities for renewable energy sources in Central Asia countries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report presents an overview of the state of conventional energy sources and the potential for development of renewable energy sources in the Central Asia countries of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, and Tajikistan. The region has a population of about 50 million in an area of more than four million square kilometers. The per capita gross internal product is more than $2,500, although the economy has been declining the past five years. The area has substantial coal, oil, uranium, and natural gas reserves, although they are not distributed equally among the five countries. Energy production is such that the countries do not have to rely heavily on imports. One of the problems in Central Asia is that the energy prices are substantially below the world prices. This is a factor in development of renewable energy sources. The primary renewable energy resources available are wind in Kazakhstan, solar in the entire region, biomass in Kyrgyzstan, and micro-hydropower stations in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. All of these have the potential to provide a significant amount of the required energy for the region. However, all of the countries have an abundance of various renewable energy resources. To effectively use these resources, however, a number of barriers to their development and commercialization must be overcome. These include low prices of conventional energy sources, absence of legislative support, lack of financing for new technologies, and lack of awareness of renewable energy sources by the population. A number of specific actions are proposed to overcome these barriers. These include establishment of a Central Asia coordinating council for renewable energy, development of a regional renewable energy program, and setting up a number of large demonstration projects. 16 figs.

Obozov, A.J. [Project KUN (Kyrgyzstan); Loscutoff, W.V. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

International Energy Statistics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Kazakhstan 195.355 Kyrgyzstan 7.793 Latvia 8.475 Lithuania 16.050 Moldova 6.467 Russia 1,788.136 ...

63

Total Energy - Data - U.S. Energy Information Administration...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, North Korea, South Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia...

64

Ask a Scientist!  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, South Kosovo Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon...

65

U.S. Imports from All Countries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Midway...

66

Management and Operating Contract for the Los Alamos National...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Cuba Georgia Hong Kong India Iran Iraq Israel Kazakhstan Kygyrstan Libya Moldova North Korea (Democratic Pakistan People's Republic of) Russia Sudan Syria Taiwan Tajikistan...

67

Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly Economies in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly Economies in Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly Economies in Central Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly Economies in Central Asia Agency/Company /Organization German Institute for Economic Research (DIW) Partner Central Asian Regional Environmental Center (CAREC) Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Agriculture, Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Food Supply, Industry, People and Policy Topics - Energy Access, - Energy Security, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://www.diw-econ.de/en/exam Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan Central Asia, Central Asia, Central Asia, Central Asia, Central Asia

68

USAID-Central Asian Republics Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

USAID-Central Asian Republics Climate Activities USAID-Central Asian Republics Climate Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name USAID-Central Asian Republics Climate Activities Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan Central Asia, Central Asia, Central Asia, Central Asia, Central Asia References USAID Climate Activities [1] "USAID activities in the Central Asian Republics have assisted countries in developing extensive greenhouse gas mitigation and energy efficiency projects. Primarily through training and technical assistance, USAID continues to support the region in these endeavors and is helping them move

69

Treatability study on the use of by-product sulfur in Kazakhstan for the stabilization of hazardous and radioactive wastes  

SciTech Connect

The Republic of Kazakhstan generates significant quantities of excess sulfur from the production and refining of petroleum reserves. In addition, the country also produces hazardous, and radioactive wastes which require treatment/stabilization. In an effort to find secondary uses for the elemental sulfur, and simultaneously produce a material which could be used to encapsulate, and reduce the dispersion of harmful contaminants into the environment, BNL evaluated the use of the sulfur polymer cement (SPC) produced from by-product sulfur in Kazakhstan. This thermoplastic binder material forms a durable waste form with low leaching properties and is compatible with a wide range of waste types. Several hundred kilograms of Kazakhstan sulfur were shipped to the U.S. and converted to SPC (by reaction with 5 wt% organic modifiers) for use in this study. A phosphogypsum sand waste generated in Kazakhstan during the purification of phosphate fertilizer was selected for treatment. Waste loading of 40 wt% were easily achieved. Waste form performance testing included compressive strength, water immersion, and Accelerated Leach Testing. 14 refs., 7 figs., 6 tabs.

Yim, Sung Paal; Kalb, P.D.; Milian, L.W.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Treatability study on the use of by-product sulfur in Kazakhstan for the stabilization of hazardous and radioactive wastes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Republic of Kazakhstan generates significant quantities of excess elemental sulfur from the production and refining of petroleum reserves. In addition, the country also produces hazardous, and radioactive wastes which require treatment/stabilization. In an effort to find secondary uses for the elemental sulfur, and simultaneously produce a material which could be used to encapsulate, and reduce the dispersion of harmful contaminants into the environment, BNL evaluated the use of the sulfur polymer cement (SPC) produced from by-product sulfur in Kazakhstan. This thermoplastic binder material forms a durable waste form with low leaching properties and is compatible with a wide range of waste types. Several hundred kilograms of Kazakhstan sulfur were shipped to the US and converted to SPC (by reaction with 5 wt% organic modifiers) for use in this study. A phosphogypsum sand waste generated in Kazakhstan during the purification of phosphate fertilizer was selected for treatment. Waste loadings of 40 wt% were easily achieved. Waste form performance testing included compressive strength, water immersion, and Accelerated Leach Testing.

Kalb, P.D.; Milian, L.W. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States). Environmental and Waste Technology Center; Yim, S.P. [Korea Atomic Energy Research Inst. (Korea, Republic of); Dyer, R.S.; Michaud, W.R. [Environmental Protection Agency (United States)

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Stand biomass dynamics of pine plantations and natural forests on dry steppe in Kazakhstan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biomass dynamics were studied in isolated relict stands of scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) on the dry steppe of Kazakhstan (53-54N) where potential evaporation is 500-600 mm/yr and the rainfall is 250-260 mm/yr. Samples were taken from 7 plots in natural stands on sandy forest soils (age 13-110 years) and 10 plots in plantations on dark-chestnut-coloured soils (age 5-50 years). Nine or 10 sample trees were taken from each plot, giving a total of 68 and 96 sample trees in natural and plantation stands respectively. Root systems were excavated and fractionated in 11 plots. Analyses indicated that the stability of these stands becomes critical at 10-20 yrs, when foliage biomass reaches its maximum (7-13 t/ha dry weight), both in plantations and natural stands. Self-regulating mechanisms in natural stands provide stability that may not develop in some plantations. Natural stands may show an abrupt decrease in foliage biomass at the time of canopy closure, but it increases again by age 40-50 yrs. In plantations this critical period may cause die-back and may trigger stand collapse before maturity. Stem and root biomass increases monotonically and does not depend upon stand origin. The total biomass production is influenced by ground water level and the presence of and depth to the clay layer underlying the sandy sediments.

Vladimir A. Usoltsev; Jerome K. Vanclay

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Perspectives on the Present State and Future of Higher Education Faculty Development in Kazakhstan: Implications for National Human Resource Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 1990's Kazakhstan experienced a socio-economic transition from a socialist economy to a free market economy and was challenged with building a newly independent state. In pursuit of fulfilling strategic nationwide tasks, the government undertook multidimensional measures in all spheres. However, in order to implement such profound changes and keep up with globalization, the newly independent state found itself in a position where there was a burning need for a serious update in knowledge and skills in all fields. In light of the National State Conception of Education Development of 2005 (NSCED), higher education in Kazakhstan is viewed as the most fundamental liaison between academia, research and innovation in industry and business of the country. Integration of these three components represents the concept of a national innovation system that will allow Kazakhstan to establish successfully its own competitive advantage in the global arena. Therefore, the higher education faculty of Kazakhstan becomes the driving force in fulfilling such grand tasks as relating research to practice, as well as increasing the knowledge, skills, and capacities of young specialists and researchers for a future sustainable society. In other words, there is a need to determine the current status of higher education faculty development which may then serve as a basis for a comprehensive approach and enable the compliance process with the Bologna international standards of education to be expedited. For the purpose of this study, a qualitative research methodology was used whereby the researcher was the primary research tool who interviewed 20 faculty members and university administrators from two large universities of national status in Kazakhstan. The data collection tools employed were semi-structured interviews, observations, and document analysis and field notes. Since the nature of this phenomenological study is exploratory and descriptive, it was considered holistically and based on interpretation and analysis of all study participants combined. Moreover, the phenomenon under study is complex due to a dynamic interaction and interdependence of multiple HRD levels; and consequently, it was viewed through the contexts of international relationships, the country's broad societal transformations, and its organizational and individual levels. The research findings indicate that there is no systematic and consistent approach to faculty development in the area of higher education in Kazakhstan. The majority of current faculty development and any professional development activities tend to have a spontaneous character without implementation of a thorough faculty needs task analysis or performance evaluation. The faculty as social subjects with different socio-cultural identities is currently in the process of constructing a new academic identity based on updated social values, beliefs, mentality and work styles. In the case of successfully updating professional expertise and higher education policy implementation, the faculty will constitute a group of highly educated experts and professionals who are capable of providing the younger generation with a high quality education according to international standards and conducting intensive research that will connect the theory and practice through real applications in various industries.

Seitova, Dinara T.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

National independence and nonproliferation in the new states of Central Asia  

SciTech Connect

Five independent states emerged in Central Asia from the breakup of the USSR. One of these states, Kazakhstan, possesses nuclear weapons. The other four of these states, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, are not known to possess nuclear weapons, however they occupy a geostrategic position which makes them important to non-proliferation efforts. The present report profiles the capabilities and intentions of these four Central Asian states. The analysis of capabilities suggests that none of these states has the capability to develop a usable nuclear weapon. However, all of these countries-- especially Uzbekistan--have components of the old Soviet nuclear weapons complex which are now orphans. They have no use for these facilities and must either re-profile them, destroy them, or transfer them. The analysis of intentions suggests that the dynamics of national independence have created a situation in which Uzbekistan has hegemonic designs in the region. Implications for retarding nuclear proliferation in the Central Asian region are examined. Opportunities for outside influence are assessed.

Gleason, G.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

60 80 100 120 Arctic Circle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.A.E. TURKMENISTAN UZBEKISTAN KYRGYZSTAN TAJIKISTAN GEORGIA ARMENIA (INDIA) MALDIVES R U S S I A U.K. NORWAY SWEDEN KHREBET YABLONO V Y Y KH REBET SIKHOTE-ALIN' T I E N S H A N K U N L U N ZAGROSMTS. CAUCASUS MTS. KHREBET

75

60 80 100 120 Arctic Circle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.A.E. TURKMENISTAN UZBEKISTAN KYRGYZSTAN TAJIKISTAN GEORGIA ARMENIA (INDIA) MALDIVES R U S S I A U.K. NORWAY SWEDEN VERKHOY ANSK KHREBET YABLONOVYY K H R EBET SIKHOTE-ALIN' T I E N S H A N K U N L U N ZAGROSMTS. CAUCASUS

76

Process Flow Chart for Immobilizing of Radioactive High Concentration Sodium Hydroxide Product from the Sodium Processing Facility at the BN-350 Nuclear power plant in Aktau, Kazakhstan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the results of a joint research investigations carried out by the group of Kazakhstan, British and American specialists in development of a new material for immobilization of radioactive 35% sodium hydroxide solutions from the sodium coolant processing facility of the BN-350 nuclear power plant. The resulting solid matrix product, termed geo-cement stone, is capable of isolating long lived radionuclides from the environment. The physico-mechanical properties of geo-cement stone have been investigated and the flow chart for its production verified in a full scale experiments. (author)

Burkitbayev, M.; Omarova, K.; Tolebayev, T. [Ai-Farabi Kazakh National University, Chemical Faculty, Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakhstan); Galkin, A. [KATEP Ltd., Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakhstan); Bachilova, N. [NIISTROMPROEKT Ltd., Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakhstan); Blynskiy, A. [Nuclear Technology Safety Centre, Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakhstan); Maev, V. [MAEK-Kazatomprom Ltd., Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakhstan); Wells, D. [NUKEM Limited- a member of the Freyssinet Group, Winfrith Technology Centre, Dorchester, Dorset (United Kingdom); Herrick, A. [NUKEM Limited- a member of the Freyssinet Group, Caithness (United Kingdom); Michelbacher, J. [Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls (United States)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Feasibility studies to establish at the Kazakhstan Ulba metallurgical plant the manufacturing capability to produce low-enriched uranium certified reference materials  

SciTech Connect

One of the salient features of the transition plan that the United States Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) is presently implementing in the Former Soviet Union countries is the availability of uranium certified reference materials for calibration of nondestructive assay (NDA) measurement equipment. To address this challenge, DOE/NNSA and U.S. national laboratories have focused their cooperative efforts on establishing a reliable source for manufacturing, certifying, and supplying of such standards. The Ulba Metallurgical Plant (UMP), Kazakhstan, which processes large quantities of low-enriched uranium to produce ceramic fuel pellets for nuclear-powered reactors, is well situated to become a key supplier of low-enriched uranium certified reference materials for the country and Central Asia region. We have recently completed Phase I of a feasibility study to establish at UMP capabilities of manufacturing these standards. In this paper we will discuss details of a proposed methodology for uranium down-blending, material selection and characterization, and a proposed methodology of measurement by destructive (DA) and non-destructive (NDA) analysis to form a database for material certification by the competent State authorities in the Republic of Kazakhstan. In addition, we will discuss the prospect for manufacturing of such standards at UMP.

Kuzminski, Jozef [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nesuhoff, J [NBL; Cratto, P [NBL; Pfennigwerth, G [Y12 NATIONAL SEC. COMPLEX; Mikhailenko, A [ULBA METALLURGICAL PLANT; Maliutina, I [ULBA METALLURGICAL PLANT; Nations, J [GREGG PROTECTION SERVICES

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Mine locations: Kazakhstan  

SciTech Connect

Upon accepting this internship at Los Alamos National Laboratory, I was excited but a bit nervous because I was placed into a field I knew nothing about and did not incorporate my mechanical engineering background. However, I stayed positive and realized that experience and education can come in many forms and that this would be a once in a lifetime opportunity. The EES-II Division (which stands for Earth and Environmental Sciences, Geophysics division) concentrates on several topics, including Nuclear Treaty Verification Seismology. The study of this is extremely important in order to monitor countries that have nuclear capability and make sure they follow the rules of the international comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty. Seismology is only one aspect of this monitoring and EES-II works diligently with many other groups here at Los Alamos and across the world.

Perry, Bradley A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Motor Gasoline Blending Components Imports from Kyrgyzstan  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

80

Reprinted with permission from Foreign Affairs, Summer 1993. Copyright 1993 by the Council on Foreign Relations, Inc.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

brings together ten non-Arab Muslim countries: Iran, Pakistan, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and linguistic brethren in Azerbaijan. "We have a Turkish nation feeling the same sentiments as the Azerbaijanis dismemberment of Azerbaijan. In the last years of its existence, the Soviet government supported Azerbaijan

Hardy, Christopher R.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kazakhstan kyrgyzstan tajikistan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Infant and Under-Five Mortality Child Malnutrition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kazakhstan 75 Azerbaijan 105 Middle East/North Africa Cyprus 7 United Arab Emirates 9 Kuwait 10 Oman 14 14 Azerbaijan 17 Uzbekistan 19 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 1990 2000 32 28 NUTRITIONAL STATUS IMPROVES average (-) 91 Uzbekistan (-) 85 Turkey (79) 82 Georgia (-) 79 Azerbaijan (-) 78 Kyrgyzstan (-) 77

de Groen, Pieter

82

Fluctuations in Economic and Activity and Stabilization Policies in the CIS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, a highly flexible form of nonlinear time series models called artificial neural networks (ANNs) are employed to predict fluctuations in economic activity in selected members (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan) of ... Keywords: Business cycles, Neural network, Out-of-sample forecasts, Real GDP, Recession

Khurshid M. Kiani

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

East Coast (PADD 1) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

198 119 2004-2013 Japan 4 4 2 109 5 291 1993-2013 Kazakhstan 126 151 44 1995-2013 Korea, South 249 335 211 112 96 1995-2013 Kyrgyzstan 1995-2003 Latvia 332 328 320 324 322...

84

Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

870 1,250 919 437 1995-2012 Kazakhstan 5,242 3,812 8,513 10,328 4,693 2,917 1995-2012 Korea, South 4,501 5,936 5,372 6,401 8,785 7,044 1993-2012 Kyrgyzstan 16 1995-2010 Latvia...

85

CONSULTING ASSISTANCE ON ECONOMIC REFORM II DISCUSSION PAPERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­ Azerbaijan, BGR - Bulgaria, BLR ­ Belarus, CZE ­ Czech Republic, EST ­ Estonia, GEO ­ Georgia, HUN ­ Hungary, Russia 6. The Caucasus: Azerbaijan, Georgia, Armenia 7. Central Asia: Turkmenistan, Tajikistan 1992: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Lithuania, Latvia

86

The First Telemedicine Project Kazakhstan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main goal of the project is to demonstrate improved access to health care services and health information at rural primary health care levels through creation of telemedicine program. The program will establish telemedicine services in 128 sustainable ...

Dana Sharman; Boulat Alibekov; Talgat Soultanov; Shamshiddin Balgimbekov

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Kyrgyzstan Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

88

Newsletter Signup Form  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EETD NEWSLETTER - MANAGE SUBSCRIPTIONS EETD NEWSLETTER - MANAGE SUBSCRIPTIONS (red fields are required) Manage subscriptions: Subscribe Unsubscribe Name E-Mail Affiliation Address Address (line 2) City State/Province Zip/Postal Code Country (please select a country) none Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegowina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d'Ivoire Croatia (Hrvatska) Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic East Timor Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France France, Metropolitan French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard and Mc Donald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macau Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint LUCIA Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia (Slovak Republic) Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Spain Sri Lanka St. Helena St. Pierre and Miquelon Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan, Province of China Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Viet Nam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Wallis and Futuna Islands Western Sahara Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Zimbabwe

89

Slide23 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Slide23 Slide23 Slide23 Developing Country Access Afghanistan Guatemala Nigeria Albania Guinea Pakistan Algeria Guinea-Bissau Palestinian Territories (West Bank/ Gaza) Angola Guyana Papua New Guinea Armenia Haiti Paraguay Azerbaijan Honduras Peru Bangladesh Indonesia Philippines Belize Iraq Rwanda Benin Jordan Samoa Bhutan Kenya Sao Tome and Principe Bolivia Kiribati Senegal Burkina Faso Kyrgyzstan Sierra Leone Burundi Lao People's Democratic Republic Solomon Islands Cambodia Lesotho Somalia Cameroon Liberia Sri Lanka Cape Verde Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Swaziland Central African Republic Madagascar Tajikistan Chad Malawi Tanzania, United Republic of Colombia Maldives Thailand Comoros Mali Timor-Leste Congo Marshall Islands Togo Congo, The Democratic Republic of Mauritania Tonga

90

NNSA, Tajikistan Nuclear and Radiation Safety Agency Sign MOU...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

to government officials to assist with the operations, maintenance and long term sustainability of the systems. To date, SLD has equipped more than 500 sites in more than 50...

91

Tajikistan - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand & emissions. Consumption & Efficiency. ... Installed Capacity (GWe)

92

KazaKhstan and theworld economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

three recipients alone accounting for 73 percent (Table 2). Azerbaijan, while being only number seven. In Azerbaijan, total annual inflows reached 66 percent of gross fixed capital formation in 2003­05 (Table 4

93

Data base of chemical explosions in Kazakhstan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Within the bounds of this report, the following works were done: (1) Information about explosion quarries, located in Southern, Eastern and Northern Kasakstan was summarized. (2) The general information about seismicity of areas of location of explosion quarries was adduced. (3) The system of observation and seismic apparatus, recording the local earthquakes and quarry explosions at the territory of Kazakstan were described. (4) Data base of quarry explosions, that were carried out in Southern, Eastern and Northern Kazakstan during 1995 and first half of 1996 year was adduced. (5) Upon the data of registration of explosions in Southern Kazakstan the correlative dependences between power class of explosions and summary weight of charge were constructed. (6) Seismic records of quarry explosions were adduced. It is necessary to note, that the collection of data about quarry explosions in Kazakstan in present time is very difficult task. Organizations, that makes these explosions, are always suffering reorganizations and sometimes it is actually impossible to receive all the necessary information. Some quarries are situated in remote, almost inaccessible regions, and within the bounds of supplier financing not the every quarry was in success to visit. So the present data base upon the chemical explosions for 1995 is not full and in further it`s expansion is possible.

Demin, V.N. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Malahova, M.N. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Martysevich, P.N. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Mihaylova, N.N. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Nurmagambetov, A. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Kopnichev, Yu.F. D. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Edomin, V.I. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan)

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Residual Fuel Oil Imports from Kazakhstan  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

95

NNSA conducts radiological response training in Kazakhstan |...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home >...

96

NNSA conducts radiological response training in Kazakhstan |...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Y-12 Earn 11 R&D 100 Awards Jul 2, 2013 US, International Partners Remove Last Remaining HEU from Vietnam, Set Nuclear Security Milestone View All > Timeline Curious about NNSA...

97

Kazakhstan consortium achieves first oil production from ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Short-Term Energy Outlook ... Search EIA.gov. A-Z Index; ... before being shipped to Baku to enter the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan (BTC) ...

98

NNSA conducts radiological response training in Kazakhstan |...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform...

99

NNSA conducts radiological response training in Kazakhstan |...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

the United States Senate Committee on Armed Services Sep 17, 2013 NNSA, Republic of Korea Ministry Agree to Minimize Use of HEU in Nuclear Reactors Sep 3, 2013 NNSA Conducts...

100

USAID Europe and Eurasia Climate Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Eurasia Climate Program and Eurasia Climate Program Jump to: navigation, search Name USAID Europe and Eurasia Climate Program Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Armenia, Republic of Macedonia, Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Kazakhstan, Hungary, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Lithuania, Estonia, Latvia, Azerbaijan, Tajikistan Western Asia, Southern Europe, Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe, Central Asia, Eastern Europe, Western Asia, Central Asia, Central Asia, Northern Europe, Northern Europe, Northern Europe, Western Asia, Central Asia References USAID Regional Climate Programs[1]

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kazakhstan kyrgyzstan tajikistan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Reply to comment | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Reply to comment Reply to comment Slide23 Submitted by gibsone on Fri, 2013-08-30 06:22 FY2011-hitson Slide23 Developing Country Access Afghanistan Guatemala Nigeria Albania Guinea Pakistan Algeria Guinea-Bissau Palestinian Territories (West Bank/ Gaza) Angola Guyana Papua New Guinea Armenia Haiti Paraguay Azerbaijan Honduras Peru Bangladesh Indonesia Philippines Belize Iraq Rwanda Benin Jordan Samoa Bhutan Kenya Sao Tome and Principe Bolivia Kiribati Senegal Burkina Faso Kyrgyzstan Sierra Leone Burundi Lao People's Democratic Republic Solomon Islands Cambodia Lesotho Somalia Cameroon Liberia Sri Lanka Cape Verde Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Swaziland Central African Republic Madagascar Tajikistan Chad Malawi Tanzania, United Republic of Colombia Maldives Thailand Comoros Mali Timor-Leste

102

Basin width control of faulting in the Naryn Basin, south central Kyrgyzstan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are commonly found within intramontane basins that separate its constituent ranges. In order to explore of the Tien Shan, central Asia's largest mountain range, is driven by the distant collision between India found within basin interiors, 10­20 km distant from bedrock cored ranges [Avouac et al., 1993; Bullen et

Bookhagen, Bodo

103

Oil and gas resources of the Fergana Basin (Uzbekistan, Tadzhikistan, and Kyrgyzstan)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This analysis is part of the Energy Information Administration`s (EIA`s) Foreign Energy Supply Assessment Program (FESAP). This one for the Fergana Basin is an EIA first for republics of the former Soviet Union (FSU). This was a trial study of data availability and methodology, resulting in a reservoir-level assessment of ultimate recovery for both oil and gas. Ultimate recovery, as used here, is the sum of cumulative production and remaining Proved plus Probable reserves as of the end of 1987. Reasonable results were obtained when aggregating reservoir-level values to the basin level, and in determining general but important distributions of across-basin reservoir and fluid parameters. Currently, this report represents the most comprehensive assessment publicly available for oil and gas in the Fergana Basin. This full report provides additional descriptions, discussions and analysis illustrations that are beneficial to those considering oil and gas investments in the Fergana Basin. 57 refs., 22 figs., 6 tabs.

Not Available

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from Kazakhstan  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

105

Kazakhstan Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Destination  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Crude oil exports are ...

106

U.S. Imports from Kazakhstan - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

107

Ionosphere disturbances during rocket launches at Baikonur (Kazakhstan)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A review of the ionosphere disturbances created by burning rockets is given. Published materials obtained by different authors are used in the review. Contemporary ionospheric data (f0 E, f0 F1, f0 ... Keywords: ionosonde measurement, ionosphere, rocket

V. I. Drobzhev; G. I. Gordienko; S. N. Mukasheva

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Kazakhstan - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

US EIA provides data, forecasts, country analysis brief and other analyses, focusing on the energy industry including oil, natural gas and electricity.

109

Kazakhstan-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of November 2012, the U.S is working with more than 20 countries as part of the EC-LEDS program. The U.S. has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including...

110

NNSA and Kazakhstan Complete Operation to Eliminate Highly Enriched...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

the United States Senate Committee on Armed Services Sep 17, 2013 NNSA, Republic of Korea Ministry Agree to Minimize Use of HEU in Nuclear Reactors Sep 3, 2013 NNSA Conducts...

111

Kazakhstan - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration ... to boost domestic gas supplies and to provide further volumes for enhanced oil recovery. ... are the Central Asia Center ...

112

Kazakhstan - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil ... as gas output from these fields is geared to boost domestic gas supplies and to provide further volumes for enhanced oil recovery.

113

Kazakhstan - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... (monitors compliance with environmental regulation), and Ministry on Emergency Situations (monitors compliance with health and safety ...

114

Appendix K: Regional Definitions  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

K K Regional Definitions The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure K1) are defined as follows: *OECD (18 percent of the 2008 world population): North America-United States, Canada, and Mexico; OECD Europe-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxem- bourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. OECD Asia-Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. *Non-OECD (82 percent of the 2008 world popula- tion): - Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (5 percent of the 2008 world population)-Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia,

115

International Energy Outlook 2007  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

K K Regional Definitions The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure K1) are defined as follows: *OECD (18 percent of the 2007 world population): North America-United States, Canada, and Mexico; OECD Europe-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxem- bourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. OECD Asia-Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. *Non-OECD (82 percent of the 2007 world popula- tion): - Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (5 percent of the 2007 world population)-Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia,

116

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Albania Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Midway Islands Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Zealand Nicaragua Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore Slovakia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

117

International Energy Outlook 2006  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Regional Definitions Regional Definitions The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure J1) are defined as follows: *OECD (18 percent of the 2006 world population): North America-United States, Canada, and Mexico; OECD Europe-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxem- bourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. OECD Asia-Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. *Non-OECD (82 percent of the 2006 world popula- tion): - Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (5 percent of the 2006 world population)-Albania, Armenia, Azer- baijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovenia,

118

U.S. Exports to Kazakhstan of Asphalt and Road Oil (Thousand Barrels)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 2005: 1: 0: 0: 0: 0: 0: 0: 0: 2006: 0: 0: 2010: 0-

119

Immobilization of Cesium Traps from the BN-350 Fast Reactor (Aktau, Kazakhstan)  

SciTech Connect

During BN-350 reactor operations and also during the initial stages of decommissioning, cesium traps were used to decontaminate the reactors primary sodium coolant. Two different types of carbon-based trap were used the MAVR series, low ash granulated graphite adsorber (LAG) contained in a carrier designed to be inserted into the reactor core during shutdown; and a series of ex-reactor trap accumulators(TAs) which used reticulated vitreous carbon (RVC) to reduce Cs-137 levels in the sodium after final reactor shutdown. In total four MAVRs and seven TAs were used at BN-350 to remove an estimated cumulative 755 TBq of cesium. The traps, which also contain residual sodium, need to be immobilized in an appropriate way to allow them to be consigned as waste packages for long term storage and, ultimately, disposal. The present paper reports on the current status of the implementation phase, with particular reference to the work done to date on the trap accumulators, which have the most similarity with the cesium traps used at other reactors.

J. A. Michelbacher; C. Knight; O. G. Romanenko; I. L. Tazhibaeva; I. L. Yakovlev; A. V. Rovneyko; V. I. Maev; D. Wells; A. Herrick

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Use of plasma fuel systems at thermal power plants in Russia, Kazakhstan, China, and Turkey  

SciTech Connect

The technology of plasma ignition of solid fuels is described, as well as its creation and development steps, the technoeconomic characteristics of plasma igniter systems, schemes of their installation in pulverized-coal boilers, and results of their application at pulverized coal-fired power plants.

Karpenko, E.I.; Karpenko, Y.E.; Messerle, V.E.; Ustimenko, A.B. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ulan Ude (Russian Federation). Institute of Thermal Physics

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kazakhstan kyrgyzstan tajikistan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Disposition of highly enriched uranium obtained from the Republic of Kazakhstan. Environmental assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This EA assesses the potential environmental impacts associated with DOE`s proposal to transport 600 kg of Kazakhstand-origin HEU from Y-12 to a blending site (B&W Lynchburg or NFS Erwin), transport low-enriched UF6 blending stock from a gaseous diffusion plant to GE Wilmington and U oxide blending stock to the blending site, blending the HEU and uranium oxide blending stock to produce LEU in the form of uranyl nitrate, and transport the uranyl nitrate from the blending site to USEC Portsmouth.

NONE

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Intuitive Information Access  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 1. What is the 3rd largest Asian country? ANSWER = Kazakhstan. ANSWER = Almaty. 2. What is the capital of Kazakhstan? ...

2004-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

123

East Coast (PADD 1) Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore South Africa Spain Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

124

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand & emissions. ... Russia* Tajikistan Turkmenistan* Ukraine* ...

125

Phlogopite and Quartz Lamellae in Diamond-bearing Diopside from Marbles of the Kokchetav Massif Kazakhstan: Exsolution or Replacement Reaction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Exsolution lamellae of pyroxene in garnet (grt), coesite in titanite and omphacite from UHPM terranes are widely accepted as products of decompression. However, interpretation of oriented lamellae of phyllosilicates, framework silicates and oxides as a product of decompression of pyroxene is very often under debate. Results are presented here of FIB-TEM, FEG-EMP and synchrotron-assisted infrared (IR) spectroscopy studies of phlogopite (Phlog) and phlogopite + quartz (Qtz) lamellae in diamond-bearing clinopyroxene (Cpx) from ultra-high pressure (UHP) marble. These techniques allowed collection of three-dimensional information from the grain boundaries of both the single (phlogopite), two-phase lamellae (phlogopite + quartz), and fluid inclusions inside of diamond included in K-rich Cpx and understanding their relationships and mechanisms of formation. The Cpx grains contain in their cores lamellae-I, which are represented by topotactically oriented extremely thin lamellae of phlogopite (that generally are two units cell wide but locally can be seen to be somewhat broader) and microdiamond. The core composition is: (Ca{sub 0.94}K{sub 0.04}Na{sub 0.02})(Al{sub 0.06}Fe{sub 0.08}Mg{sub 0.88})(Si{sub 1.98}Al{sub 0.02})O{sub 6.00}. Fluid inclusions rich in K and Si are recognized in the core of the Cpx, having no visible connections to the lamellae-I. Lamellar-II inclusions consist of micron-size single laths of phlogopite and lens-like quartz or slightly elongated phlogopite + quartz intergrowths; all are situated in the rim zone of the Cpx. The composition of the rim is (Ca{sub 0.95}Fe{sub 0.03}Na{sub 0.02})(Al{sub 0.05}Fe{sub 0.05}Mg{sub 0.90})Si{sub 2}O{sub 6}, and the rim contains more Ca, Mg than the core, with no K there. Such chemical tests support our microstructural observations and conclusion that the phlogopite lamellae-I are exsolved from the K-rich Cpx-precursor during decompression. It is assumed that Cpx-precursor was also enriched in H{sub 2}O, because diamond included in the core of this Cpx contains fluid inclusions. The synchrotron IR spectra of such diamond record the presence of OH{sup -} stretching and H{sub 2}O bending motion regions. Lamellar-II inclusions are interpreted as forming partly because of modification of the lamellae-i in the presence of fluid enriched in K, Fe and Si during deformation of the host diopside; the latter is probably related to the shallower stage of exhumation of the UHP marble. This study emphasizes that in each case to understand the mechanism of lamellar inclusion formation more detailed studies are needed combining both compositional, structural and three-dimensional textural features of lamellar inclusions and their host.

L Dobrzhinetskaya; R Wirth; D Rhede; Z Liu; H Green

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

126

U.S. Department of Energy and NTI Announce Key Nonproliferation...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

with the Government of Kazakhstan to move forward with the down-blending of highly enriched uranium (HEU) currently stored at Kazakhstan's Institute of Nuclear Physics. The...

127

SAMRUK KAZYNA National Welfare Fund | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fund Jump to: navigation, search Name SAMRUK-KAZYNA National Welfare Fund Place Kazakhstan Sector Hydro, Solar, Wind energy Product Kazakhstan-based project developer in wind,...

128

ALS Visitors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy. March 2010 ALS Project Manager Steve Rossi hosted a group of visitors from Kazakhstan on Friday, March 5. The visitors, including a representative from the Kazakhstan...

129

SAFEGUARD AND SECURE CONTROL VERIFY POLICY  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

established PCG is with the Atomic Energy Committee of the Ministry of Industry and New Technologies and Kazatomprom in Kazakhstan. With regard to Kazakhstan, Mendelsohn says, "I...

130

Total All Countries Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Destination: Total All Countries Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andora Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahama Islands Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Bermuda Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Pacific Islands Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordon Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Korea, North Kyrgyzstan Kutubu Kuwait Latvia Lebanon Liberia Libya Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands/Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Soloman Islands South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Tonga Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

131

Total Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the U.S.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Country: Total All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iran Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Afghanistan Albania Andora Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Eritrea Estonia Fiji Finland France French Pacific Islands French Guiana Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Kutubu Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lebanon Liberia Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Other Non OPEC Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

132

MEP Advisory Board Webcast  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Page 4. USA TALGO ROUTES KAZAKHSTAN UZBEKISTAN BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA SPAIN ARGENTINA Page 5. OUR BUSINESS ...

2012-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

133

Monday, January 28  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... OIML Dr. Charles Ehrlich (United States) Mr. Mikhalchenko Vassily Nikolaevich (Kazakhstan) III. Future OIML Meetings ...

2011-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

134

UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA BOARD OF REGENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Russia, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan reforms as compared to other non The current

Minnesota, University of

135

The power of the family  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

south africa bosnia and herzegovina macedonia, republic ofviet nam kyrgyzstan bosnia and herzegovina china austriaislamic republic of) and herzegovina bosnia iran philippines

Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Oil and Gas Resources of the Fergana Basin (Uzbekistan ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

DOE/EIA-0575(94) Oil and Gas Resources of the Fergana Basin (Uzbekistan, Tadzhikistan, and Kyrgyzstan) December 1994 Energy Information Administration

137

The Tunnel at the End of the Light: Privatization, Business Networks, and Economic Transformation in Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

post-Communist countries, only Azerbaijan, Kazakh- stan, andVacuum Albania Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Bosnia Bulgariafound in Russia either. Azerbaijan, Belarus, Tajikistan,

Cohen, Stephen S.; Schwartz, Andrew; Zysman, John

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

High Definition Dynamic Reservoir Characterization for CO2 Management, Delhi Field, Louisiana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Guyana Europe, Asia and Pacific Crude petroleum Azerbaijan, Papua New Guinea, Brunei Darussalam, Norway & coconut oil Kiribati Cotton Pakistan, Uzbekistan Azerbaijan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan Source: Cashin

139

The Gains from Privatization in Transition Economies: Is "Change of Ownership" Enough?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia; 1991: Croatia, Macedonia, Slovenia; 1992: Armenia, Azerbaijan) Belarus, Moldova, Russia, Ukraine Caucasus (6) Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia Central Asia (7) Kazakhstan: Croatia, Macedonia, Slovenia. 1992: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz

140

The entry of China to the gas market: constraints and opportunities Catherine Locatelli  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Kazakhstan, most notably those relating to the Kashagan, Karachaganak and Tengiz deposits, bear witness in the consortium exploiting the Kashagan deposit in Kazakhstan, are indications. The configuration of the Asian

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kazakhstan kyrgyzstan tajikistan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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141

Armenia - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Azerbaijan; Brazil; Canada; China; Colombia; Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador; Egypt; Gabon; India; Indonesia; Iran; Iraq; Japan; Kazakhstan; Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya ...

142

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Azerbaijan; Brazil; Canada; China; Colombia; Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador; Egypt; Gabon; India; Indonesia; Iran; Iraq; Japan; Kazakhstan; Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya ...

143

Monday, January 28  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Mr. Peter Brandes (Germany); Dr. Charles Ehrlich (United States); Mr. Mikhalchenko Vassily Nikolaevich (Kazakhstan). Future OIML Meetings. ...

2011-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

144

Le Systme international d'units The International System of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... gnrale : Blarus, CARICOM, Costa Rica, Croatie, Cuba, quateur, Estonie, Hong Kong (Chine), Jamaque, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Lettonie, Lituanie ...

2010-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

145

Clean Cities Transportation Workshop for Almaty  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Policy and International Affairs and Clean Cities Program March 30-31, 2011, Almaty, Kazakhstan Almaty City logo ...

146

Contact Organizers - Clean Cities Transportation Workshop for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Available Presentations Hotels & Accomodations Registration Foreign Visitors to Kazakhstan Sponsorship Opportunities Related Resources Media Coverage Contact Organizers RSS...

147

Freezing temperatures in the vaccine cold chain: A systematic ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 13 Kone [33] 1997 Mauritania Refrigerator 108 4 14 Steinglass [34] 1997 Kazakhstan Refrigerator 15 67 15 Wawryk et al. ...

2012-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

148

Technology@TMS: Online Article - Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Toshiba Corporation and Kazatomprom, a uranium supplier based in the Republic of Kazakhstan, announced an agreement under which Kazatomprom will...

149

MEP Advisory Board Webcast  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Egypt ENR Southern Africa Kumba Transnet RBCT RBM Sheltam Botswana Namibia Kazakhstan Yrysty Terim Zholy India Indian Railways ...

2012-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

150

Chemical Metrology and its Impact on Industry and Quality of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Members States 53 States (including recent Members States Kazakhstan and Croatia; per Jan. 2010 Kenya) Associate Members ...

2012-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

151

Book Reviews  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... tech- nology policies, personnel requirements, and the experi- ences and problems of several nations, including Russia, Kazakhstan, the Kyrghyz ...

1998-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

152

Eighteen Local Residents Receive High Honors from ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Using teamwork and private-sector partnering, the team built the US Business Development Committees with Russia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan. ...

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

153

Foreign Users | Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, China, Georgia, Hong Kong, India, Iraq, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Libya, Macau, Moldova, North Korea, Pakistan, Russia, Taiwan,...

154

Argonne Transportation Current News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

materials (pdf) clean cities logo Clean Cities Transportation Workshop for Almaty, Kazakhstan Jeff Chamberlain Jeff Chamberlain discusses Argonne's breakthrough cathode...

155

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Argentina; Australia; Azerbaijan; Brazil; Canada; China; Colombia; Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador; Egypt; Gabon; India; Indonesia; Iran; Iraq; Japan; Kazakhstan; Korea ...

156

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Indonesia; Iran; Iraq; Japan; Kazakhstan; Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; ...

157

Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Albania, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Georgia, Guatemala, Indonesia, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Republic of Macedonia, Malawi, Malaysia, Mexico,...

158

World Institute for Nuclear Security Workshop at Y-12 Brings...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Countries represented at the workshop include Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Indonesia, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Malaysia, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, South...

159

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wind Geothermal ... India; Indonesia; Iran; Iraq; Japan; Kazakhstan; Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar;

160

Nepal - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wind Geothermal ... India; Indonesia; Iran; Iraq; Japan; Kazakhstan; Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar;

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kazakhstan kyrgyzstan tajikistan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Saudi Arabia - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wind Geothermal ... India; Indonesia; Iran; Iraq; Japan; Kazakhstan; Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar;

162

NIST Global Standards Information Navigation Tips  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The United States Central & South Asia Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan India Kazakhstan Kyrgyz Republic Maldives Nepal Pakistan Russia Sri ...

163

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

, Kazakhstan + , Mexico + , Morocco + , Nigeria + , Philippines + , South Africa + , Thailand + , Tunisia + ProgramSector Climate + , Energy + ProgramTopics Background analysis +...

164

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

, Kazakhstan + , Mexico + , Morocco + , Nigeria + , Philippines + , South Africa + , Thailand + , Turkey + , Ukraine + , Vietnam + ProgramSector Climate + , Energy + ProgramTopics...

165

Climate Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Philippines, South Africa, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, Vietnam South America, South America, Northern Africa, Southern...

166

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Brazil; Canada; China; Colombia; Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador; Egypt; Gabon; India; Indonesia; Iran; Iraq; Japan; Kazakhstan; Korea, South; Kuwait; ...

167

No Slide Title  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Amended * Current Agreements in Force (Continued): - Indonesia - Japan - Kazakhstan - Korea, Republic of - Morocco - Norway - Romania - South Africa - Switzerland - Thailand -...

168

Microsoft PowerPoint - 3_Gary and Brian_Wednesday 5-22 Transit...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Canada France Germany Indonesia Japan Kazakhstan South Korea Mexico Netherlands Spain South Africa United Kingdom Sweden 8...

169

International Energy Statistics - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Seoul: Ministry of Commerce, Industry, and Energy, Korea Energy Economics Institute, various issues. Electricity. Agency of Statistics, Republic of Kazakhstan: ...

170

Slide 1  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

* Canada * China * Colombia * Egypt * EURATOM * IAEA * Indonesia * Japan * Kazakhstan * Korea, Rep. of * Morocco * Norway * Peru * South Africa * Switzerland * Taiwan * Thailand *...

171

No Slide Title  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

* Current Agreements in Force (Continued): - Indonesia - Japan - Kazakhstan - Korea, Republic of - Morocco - Norway - Romania - South Africa - Switzerland - Thailand -...

172

APPENDIX C1 Foreign Per Diem Rates -Effective October 1, 2010 Country Location  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fishmeal Peru #12;7 Rice Guyana Europe and Asia and the Pacific Crude petroleum Azerbaijan, Papua New Zealand Copra & coconut oil Kiribati Cotton Pakistan Azerbaijan, Tajikistan Uzbekistan Turkmenistan Source

173

Cover: Caspian Sea, Kazakhstan. Fugro NPA Satellite Mapping Limited. All rights reserved. No reproduction, copy or transmission of these images may be made without written permission. NPA are corporate affiliates of the Geological Society and have special  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hedberg Series No. 3 Understanding, Exploring and Developing Tight-Gas Sands: 2005 Vail Hedberg Conference to gain a better understanding of the tight-gas sand resource life cycle by encouraging a free exchange to exploit the vast North American tight-gas sand potential and emerging international tight-gas sand plays

Brown, David J.

174

Register as a New User  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Ireland Northern, Ireland Republic of, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirbati, Korea North, Korea South, Kosrae, Kuwait...

175

Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A comparison of Azerbaijan and Russia, Business andUkraine, Belorussia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan,its competitors in the FSU (Azerbaijan, Central Asia) for

Barkanov, Boris

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Magnesium Electrolytic Production Process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 1, 1999 ... The process is adopted at magnesium and titanium-magnesium plants of Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine. The best modern projects are realised...

177

Cross-Language Entity Linking in Maryland during a ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... glish: Hussein), when it is used in Arabic, can also be transliterated as Hassine, or Choesin in Indonesia, or Guseein in Kazakhstan, to name ...

2012-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

178

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Kazakhstan; Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria ...

179

PART I  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Republic of China ) Cuba - Terrorist Georgia India Iran - Terrorist Iraq Israel Kazakhstan North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) - Terrorist Section J - Page 13 of 27...

180

Paper UV EFFECTS IN TOOTH ENAMEL AND THEIR ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... This concept was preliminarily tested on front teeth from inhabitants of the region of the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site (Kazakhstan) who might ...

2011-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kazakhstan kyrgyzstan tajikistan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Reference List 1501-1750  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... E., Samashev, Z., and Ludes, B. (2002) Genetic analysis of human remains from a double inhumation in a frozen kurgan in Kazakhstan (Berel site ...

2003-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

182

Over view ofDUC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Soviet states, building afactory inLithuania and acquiring controlling ofa Kazakhstan factory .Phillip Morris also brok ered deals inEastern Europe ...

2006-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

183

TREC - 8 I nteractive T rack A ssessor ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Typhoon Fred 1994 23 Typhoon Doug 1994 24 Typhoon Seth 1994 414i 1 Soviet Union, Russia 2 China 3 Japan 4 Canada 5 Kazakhstan 6 Latvia ...

1999-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

184

NPP Photo Gallery  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Steppe Badkhyz (Turkmenistan) CPERPawneeSGS (USA) Dickinson (USA) Dzhanybek (Kazakhstan) Matador (Canada) Media Luna (Argentina) Pampa de Leman (Argentina) Dry Temperate...

185

Statement from Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman on the Nomination...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of its National Nuclear Security Administration Tom D'Agostino to Lead NNSA's Defense Programs U.S. Works With Kazakhstan to Stop Nuclear and Radioactive Material Smuggling...

186

Recipients: The 2004 EPD Extraction & Processing Technology Award  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

He is the author of 300 scientific works, five monographics, 60 inventions in the USSR and in the Republic of Kazakhstan, and ten patents in leading foreign...

187

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

for delivery, to the International Forum for a Nuclear Weapons-Free World in Astana, Kazakhstan. http:energy.govarticlesdeputy-secretary-daniel-poneman-s-remarks-international-...

188

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Article U.S. Department of Energy and NTI Announce Key Nonproliferation Project with Kazakhstan Agreement Reached To Downblend HEU and Convert Reactor http:energy.govarticles...

189

Computer Security Versus the Public's Right to Know  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... In the 2005 presidential election in Kazakhstan, a locally developed electronic voting system, known as the Sailau system, was used to count ...

2010-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

190

Interpol AFIS service  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Ghana : 3 Kyrgystan : 3 Monaco : 3 Armenia : 2 Barbados : 2 Finland : 2 Georgia : 2 Kazakhstan : 2 Portugal : 2 Greece : 1 Ireland : 1 Jordan : 1 ...

2006-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

191

Section 58  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

composition (%) of aerosol over different regions (Kamchatka, Western Siberia, and Kazakhstan). It is clear that under this approach to formation of the data arrays (different...

192

Vanukov Furnace Technology: Application Experience for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Technology was most widely adopted for processing copper sulfide concentrates for matte in smelters of Norilsk, Revda (Russia) and Balkhash (Kazakhstan).

193

TREC - 8 I nteractive T rack T opics & assessor ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Instance# | | Instance gloss | | 1 Soviet Union, Russia 2 China 3 Japan 4 Canada 5 Kazakhstan 6 Latvia 7 Iran 8 South Korea 9 Portugal 10 Mexico ...

2000-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

194

The Studying of Nonstoichiometric Pyrrhotites Heat Capacity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 22 Satpayev Str. Almaty 050013, Kazakhstan, e-mail: tanya2305@list.ru ** Colorado School of Mines, 920 15th Street, Golden CO 80401, Colorado, USA, tel.

195

Sponsorship Opportunities - Clean Cities Transportation Workshop...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

private fleet operators, nongovernmental organizations, and industry from Europe, Kazakhstan, and the United States. This event is a kickoff for this new potential growth market...

196

TREC - 8 I nteractive T rack T opics & assessor ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 1 Soviet Union, Russia 2 China 3 Japan 4 Canada 5 Kazakhstan 6 Latvia 7 Iran 8 South Korea 9 Portugal 10 Mexico 11 Indonesia 12 Italy ...

1999-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

197

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Kazakhstan; Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria ...

198

Panel: What we need in Voting System Standards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... He has served as an election observer for the OSCE in Kazakhstan and the Netherlands, and was appointed to the EAC's Technical Guidelines ...

2013-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

199

S earcherworksheet : P11_S4 Searcher: P11 Condition: Z ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

S earcherworksheet : P11_S4 Searcher: P11 Condition: Z Topic #: 414i 1. USSR, China, Japan, Canada, Russia 2. Kazakhstan, Latvia, Iran, South ...

1999-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

200

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Inaugural Steering Group Meeting...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

members, Australia, Bulgaria, Canada, China, France, Ghana, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russia, Slovenia and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kazakhstan kyrgyzstan tajikistan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Secretary Bodman and Rosatom Director Kiriyenko Meet to Discuss...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to nuclear power, including: Australia, Bulgaria, Canada, Ghana, Hungary, Italy, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Republic of Korea, Romania, Senegal, Slovenia, and...

202

Essays on the politics of regulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Benin Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana BruneiTanzania Georgia Bosnia and Herzegovina Latvia YugoslaviaUkraine Cambodia Bosnia and Herzegovina Kazakhstan Turkey

Weymouth, Stephen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Office of Weapons Material Protection | National Nuclear Security...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

against both internal and external threat scenarios. OWMP is also oversees sustainability efforts at a number of nuclear sites in Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and...

204

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Iran; Iraq; Japan; Kazakhstan; Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and ...

205

Partner National Renewable Energy Laboratory | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power Finance + How Would You Rebuild a Town - Green? + Power Technologies Energy Data Book + Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Seminar in Kazakhstan + Solar Light for Africa...

206

Ties That Do Not Bind: Russia and the International Liberal Order  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

which brings oil from Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan to Europeangas from Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan directly to Turkey andand Nagorno Karabakh in Azerbaijan. Russian support thwarts

Krickovic, Andrej

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Australia - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration - EIA - Official Energy Statistics from the U.S. Government U.S. Energy ... Iran; Iraq; Japan; Kazakhstan; Korea, South; Kuwait;

208

About TMS Membership: e-Memberships  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Indonesia Iran, Islamic Rep. Iraq Jamaica Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Dem Rep. Kyrgyz Republic Lao PDR Lesotho Liberia. Macedonia, FYR

209

National Nuclear Security Administration ENERGY U.S. DEPARTMENT...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

two parties. In FY 2013, INSEP supported PCG meetings with Brazil, Euratom, France, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, and Kazakhstan. The PCG with Japan is the longest running; in FY...

210

Export.gov - Trade Leads  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea...

211

Export.gov - Trade Events  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea...

212

Deputy Administrator Anne Harrington on Completion of BN-350...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

including Deputy Foreign Minister Umarov, First Deputy Minister of Industry and New Technologies Rau, and the Kazakhstan Atomic Energy Committee Chairman Zhantikin. I would...

213

LEDSGP/about/Latin America and Caribbean Regional Platform |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(EBRD) Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) World Bank Algeria Egypt Indonesia Jordan Kazakhstan Mexico Morocco Nigeria Philippines South Africa Thailand Tunisia Caribbean...

214

Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Indonesia, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Philippines, South Africa, Thailand, Tunisia UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Middle East and North Africa...

215

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Inaugural Steering Group Meeting...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ghana, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russia, Slovenia and Ukraine and three international organizations as...

216

No Slide Title  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Egypt Australia Indonesia Bangladesh Japan Brazil Kazakhstan Canada Republic of Korea China Morocco Colombia Norway 7 NMMSS Users Annual Training Meeting San Antonio,...

217

123 Agreements for Peaceful Cooperation | National Nuclear Security...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

(Euratom)1 International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) India Indonesia Japan Kazakhstan Korea, Republic of (ROK) Morocco Norway Russia South Africa Switzerland Taiwan2 Thailand...

218

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

State Energy Data System ... the country's national oil company, ... Iranian oil swaps with Kazakhstan reached around 27,000 bbl/d in 2005, ...

219

Microsoft PowerPoint - 2A_Wednesday 5-22 830 NMMSS_2013_Presentation...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Neptunium-237 83 - g Thorium 6 - MT Imports & Exports 8 Primary Shippers 2010-2012 Canada Australia Euratom Russian Federation Kazakhstan Namibia Imports &...

220

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kazakhstan Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions image Navigate CDIAC image About CDIAC Information on CDIAC's mission, new and frequently used data products, data policies, staff and more...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kazakhstan kyrgyzstan tajikistan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Short-Term Energy Outlook - U.S. Energy Information Administration ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Exchange rate is measured in foreign currency per U.S. dollar. - = no data available: Former Soviet Union = Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan ...

222

NATO's Relations with New Members and Partners Contributions to Peacekeeping, Counterterrorism, and Humanitarian Missions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Armenia (December 2005), Azerbaijan (May 2005), Bosnia (January 2008), Georgia (October 2004), Kazakhstan to join the new program in 2004, followed by Azerbaijan, Armenia, Kazakhstan, and Moldova.15 In 2008. This tendency is illustrated by the cases of Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Ukraine, whose participation

223

Shape Your Future BaSed on Your  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of expertise focusing on Europe and European integration, Central and Southeast Europe, Russia, the Caucasus, Georgia and Kyrgyzstan. Some intriguing research projects that our students have worked on include: n: The displacement of the Meskhetian Turks in Georgia n Limits of cultural policies: The case of art in Soviet

224

60 80 100 120 Arctic Circle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TAJIKISTAN GEORGIA ARMENIA (INDIA) MALDIVES R U S S I A U.K. NORWAY SWEDEN FINLAND DEN. BELA. LITH. LAT. EST KH REBET SIKHOTE-ALIN' T I E N S H A N K U N L U N ZAGROSMTS. CAUCASUS MTS. KHREBET CHERSKOGO M O U N

225

International Collaboration with the Shutdown of the BN-350 Reactor  

SciTech Connect

Representatives from the United States and the United Kingdom discussed areas where collaboration on the shutdown of the BN-350 Reactor in Aktau, Kazakhstan would benefit not only Kazakhstan, but would also help to assure the successful shutdown of the reactor. A fundamental understanding of the basis for collaboration has been for each side to add value to each of the project areas, rather than simply substitute for each others experience. This approach has brought distinct technical and management benefits to the decommissioning activities in Kazakhstan.

J. A. Michelbacher; P.B. Wells; N. Organ; D. Wells

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

DOE-Idaho Operations Summary For May 12 to May 25, 2009  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a key role in the successful removal of almost 74 kilograms of Russian-origin highly enriched uranium spent nuclear fuel from Kazakhstan and its return to a secure Russian...

227

hepph/9911417 DESY 99159 ISSN 04189833  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iceland and Kazakhstan, a total of five countries indicated in Table 1 in normal font 32 Armenia 141 100 86 15 11 8 Austria 344 179 74 47 32 29 Azerbaijan 603 543 615 262 162 130 Belarus

228

Between Moscow and Baku: National Literatures at the 1934 Congress of Soviet Writers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

brigades to Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, and Kara-Kalpakia; apublished. Simurg argued that Azerbaijans conversion to theThe Orgcommittee of Azerbaijan meets in a theater foyer with

Schild, Kathryn Douglas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Dzhanybek Site Image #1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DZH-1: Termite mound at the Dzhanybek grassland site, Kazakhstan. (Prof. Roman Zlotin is demonstrating the internal structure of the mound, which has been cut open with a shovel....

230

The Kivcet Treatment of Polymetallic Feeds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 1, 2000 ... "Kazzinc" JSC (Kazakhstan) with the following composition: Pb 37.6%, Cu 10.4% and Zn 6.8%. Two properties of the concentrate were under...

231

Shortandy Image #1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SHR-1: One of the last square kilometers of "virgin" typical steppe in northern Kazakhstan, at the Shortandy grassland study site, pictured at the beginning of the growing season....

232

Program - Clean Cities Transportation Workshop for Almaty  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fax: + 7 727 2582776 Good to know... Current local time in Chicago, USA: Cur Sep 22, 2013, 5:16 AM CDT ent local time in Almaty, Kazakhstan: Host Sep 22, 2013, 4:16 PM ALMT d...

233

Void Swelling at Low Displacement Rates in Annealed X18H10T ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 1, 1999 ... Using a flow restrictor component from the low-flux breeder zone of the BN-350 reactor in Kazakhstan, it was possible to examine the behavior...

234

Removal of Phosphorus from Lisakovsky Iron Ore by a Roast-Leach ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 1, 2003 ... Lisakovsky is a 3-billion ton oolitic iron ore deposit in north-central Kazakhstan operated by Orken LLP, a subsidiary of Ispat Karmet and the...

235

S earcherworksheet : P5_S4 Searcher: P5 Condition: C Topic ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

S earcherworksheet : P5_S4 Searcher: P5 Condition: C Topic #: 414i 1. Soviet Union Russia 2. China 3. Japan 4. Canada 5. Kazakhstan 6. Latvia 7 ...

1999-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

236

United States and Ukraine Sign Agreement to Improve Security...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Department of Energy and NTI Announce Key Nonproliferation Project with Kazakhstan U.S. Commits 14 million to U.S. - Ukraine Nuclear Fuel Qualification Project Deputy...

237

Careers at Brookhaven Lab | What Brookhaven Offers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

her the opportunity to travel to many parts of the globe, including a recent trip to Kazakhstan. After graduating with a Master's Degree in nuclear nonproliferation policy from the...

238

Submission for question 1 with items numbered: 1 Run-B 1 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 9 Run-B 2 XIE19971228.0012 The United States has pressured Kazakhstan to shelve a plan for pipeline through Iran in favor of a US backed ...

2004-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

239

81921Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 249 / Wednesday, December 29, 2010 / Rules and Regulations 252.2257044 Balance of Payments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.'' ``South Caucasus/Central and South Asian (SC/CASA) state'' means Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan paragraph (d): South Caucasus/Central and South Asian (SC/CASA) state means Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia

240

Available Presentations - Clean Cities Transportation Workshop...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

U.S. Mission to Kazakhstan Clean Cities Model: An Approach to build a successful CNG Market in Almaty PDF file 4.6MB Marcy Rood Werpy, Argonne National Laboratory...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kazakhstan kyrgyzstan tajikistan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

The Atlantic Alliance and Geopolitics: New Realities and New Challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and produce only 10% of oil and gas. (Exxon Mobile, Chevron,has also secured itself oil and gas supplies from everywhereto Kazak and Turkmen oil and gas. A pipeline from Kazakhstan

Lie, Kai Olaf

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

LABORATOIRE D'ECONOMIE DE LA PRODUCTION ET DE L'INTEGRATION INTERNATIONALE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gisements de Tengiz, Karachaganak et Kashagan). La production gazière de ces trois pays a été en 2006 de 6 Kashagan au Kazakhstan) et des infrastructures existantes difficilement réalisables. 7 BP Statistical

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

243

U.S. Department of Energy and NTI Announce Key Nonproliferation Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Department of Energy and NTI Announce Key Nonproliferation U.S. Department of Energy and NTI Announce Key Nonproliferation Project with Kazakhstan U.S. Department of Energy and NTI Announce Key Nonproliferation Project with Kazakhstan September 29, 2006 - 9:01am Addthis Agreement Reached To Downblend HEU and Convert Reactor WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy and the Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI) today announced that they have reached an important agreement-in-principle with the Government of Kazakhstan to move forward with the down-blending of highly enriched uranium (HEU) currently stored at Kazakhstan's Institute of Nuclear Physics. The agreement also calls for the conversion of the VVR-K research reactor to operate on low enriched uranium fuel instead of HEU, which can be used in nuclear weapons. The

244

Industry turns its attention south  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper discusses the outlook for the gas and oil industries in the Former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Significant foreign investment continues to elude Russia`s oil and gas industry, so the Caspian nations of Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan are picking up the slack, welcoming the flow of foreign capital to their energy projects. Separate evaluations are given for Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Moldova, Tajikstan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia.

Marhefka, D. [Russian Petroleum Investor, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

The 2006 e-readiness rankings A white paper from the Economist Intelligence Unit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.03 2.93 68 65 Azerbaijan 2.92 2.72 * New to the annual rankings in 2006. Source: Economist Intelligence the poorest performer in the regional--and global-- rankings, Azerbaijan (68th), and the difference between 3.62 13 13 Kazakhstan 64 3.22 14 14 Azerbaijan 68 2.92 Source: Economist Intelligence Unit, 2006

246

Curriculum Vita Michael "Bodhi" Rogers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Netherlands Canada 9 Rep. of Korea Nigeria Colombia France Angola 10 UK Sudan Azerbaijan UK Iraq 11 Singapore Azerbaijan Malaysia Spain Libya 12 Italy Venezuela Brazil Singapore Kazakhstan 13 Australia Norway Belgium Canada Kuwait 14 Malaysia Iran Trinidad and Tobago Thailand Azerbaijan 15 Spain Algeria France Belgium

Rogers, Michael

247

Parametrical Regulation of Economic Growth Based on the Lucas Endogenous Model with Human Capital  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of application of the parametrical regulation theory for economic growth of Kazakhstan national economy on the basis of the Lucas endogenous model with a personalized human capital. The parameters of the considered model ... Keywords: Human capital, growth, identification, parametrical regulation, endogenous model

Abdykappar A. Ashimov; Bahyt T. Sultanov; Zheksenbek M. Adilov; Yuriy V. Borovskiy; Aliya S. Azhibekova

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

TENDER: Grants for Partizipation University of Siegen (Germany) and Qafqaz University (Azerbaijan)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

School "Security Issues in the South Caucasus and Central Asia" at Siegen (Germany) from August 12th with participants from Azerbaijan, Georgia, Germany and Kazakhstan will focus on security issues arising from actual and potential conflicts in the South Caucasus and Central Asia region. The political

Siegen, Universität

249

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

7 Iran; 1,880; 8 Angola; 1,778; 9 Venezuela; 1,712; 10 Norway; 1,684; 11 Canada; 1,570; 12 Algeria; 1,547; 13 Qatar; 1,389; 14 Kazakhstan; 1,355; 15 Libya; 1,313 ...

250

Sea Oil Field Satellite Monitoring: An Opera3onal View  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;Kashagan Field Kashagan Field is an oil field located in Kazakhstan of the larger discoveries in that decade, it is es:mated that the Kashagan billion barrels (2.5?109 m3) of oil. 9 M Migliaccio #12;Kashagan Field Isola

Kuligowski, Bob

251

TURKMENISTAN Karachaganak  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;Kashagan Field Kashagan Field is an oil field located in Kazakhstan of the larger discoveries in that decade, it is es:mated that the Kashagan billion barrels (2.5?109 m3) of oil. 9 M Migliaccio #12;Kashagan Field Isola

252

LABORATOIRE D'ECONOMIE DE LA PRODUCTION ET DE L'INTEGRATION INTERNATIONALE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

State over the production sharing agreements (signed in the 1990s) and the Kashagan field bear witness of the obstacles to 10 The experience of ENI concerning the Kashagan field (Kazakhstan) is a case in point) `Prospects of export routes for Kashagan oil', Energy Policy, 37. Barroso, JM. (2008) `Opening remarks

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

253

West Coast (PADD 5) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11,384 2,788 2,953 3,500 2,434 2,020 1995-2012 Kazakhstan 1,132 1,935 75 2009-2012 Korea, South 39,955 12,195 11,260 17,754 10,013 10,815 1995-2012 Lithuania 180 2006-2009...

254

Top UN officials call on hold-out States to ratify treaty banning nuclear tests  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Top UN officials call on hold-out States to ratify treaty banning nuclear tests 29 August 2011 in Kurchatov, Kazakhstan. (June 2010) 29 August 2011 ­ Warning that voluntary moratoriums on nuclear weapon War, hundreds of nuclear weapon tests left behind a devastating legacy for local citizens

255

Related Resources - Clean Cities Transportation Workshop for Almaty  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Related Resources Related Resources Workshops Clean Cities Transportation Workshop for Almaty KZ Workshop Home First Announcement (EN), PDF 288KB First Announcement (RU), PDF 404KB Trainers & Speakers Program Available Presentations Hotels & Accomodations Registration Foreign Visitors to Kazakhstan Sponsorship Opportunities Related Resources Media Coverage Contact Organizers RSS feed Subscribe Transportation Technology R&D Center на русском языке Almaty City Logo Clean Cities Transportation Workshop for Almaty Hosted by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Policy and International Affairs and Clean Cities Program March 30-31, 2011, Almaty, Kazakhstan Related Resources CNG Resources Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center: Natural Gas - at EERE web site

256

Initiatives for proliferation prevention program : goals, projects, and opportunities  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the U.S. Department of Energy Initiatives for Proliferation Prevention (IPP) Program is to identify and create commercial opportunities for former weapons scientists currently or formerly involved with weapons of mass destruction in the Former Soviet Union (FSU). IPP was first authorized in Fiscal Year 1994 under Section 575 of Public Law 103-87. IPP currently sponsors 164 projects in Russian at 64 institutes; 16 projects in the Ukraine at 14 institutes; 14 projects in Kazakhstan at 10 institutes; and one project in Belarus. To date, the IPP program has engaged over 10,000 experts in the areas of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons and missile development at more than 170 institutes in Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, and Belarus.

Hemberger, P. H. (Philip H.)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Review: 1991 industry developments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is NUEXCO`s annual summary of the previous year`s (1991) events. There are reviews of major nuclear developments in each continent, as well as international developments. Specific topics include fuels, waste management, new facilities, and decommissioning. Nuclear activities in the following countries are noted: South Africa, Yemen, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Namibia, France, Japan, Taiwan, China, Korea, India, Pakistan, Federal Republic of Germany, Spain, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Italy, Czechoslovakia, United Kingdom, Switzerland, Canada, USA, Argentina, Brazil, and Uraguay.

NONE

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

How Communities Manage Forests | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

How Communities Manage Forests How Communities Manage Forests Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: How Communities Manage Forests Agency/Company /Organization: FORZA Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Background analysis Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.rightsandresources.org/documents/files/doc_1687.pdf Country: Bhutan, Bulgaria, Nepal, Kyrgyzstan, United Kingdom, Slovenia, Switzerland, Vietnam UN Region: Central Asia, South-Eastern Asia, "Western & Eastern Europe" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

259

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience Saint Vincent and the Grenadines-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Saint Vincent and the Grenadines-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Saint Vincent and the Grenadines UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan

260

Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Resilience (PPCR) Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Bangladesh, Bolivia, Cambodia, Dominica, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Mozambique, Nepal, Niger, Papua New Guinea, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Tajikistan, Tonga, Yemen, Zambia UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kazakhstan kyrgyzstan tajikistan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies Program Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies Program Agency/Company /Organization United States Agency for International Development, United States Environmental Protection Agency, United States Department of Energy, United States Department of Agriculture, United States Department of State Sector Energy, Land Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS Program Start 2010 Program End 2014 Country Albania, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Georgia, Guatemala, Indonesia, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Republic of Macedonia, Malawi, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Peru, Philippines, Serbia, South Africa, Thailand, Ukraine, Vietnam, Zambia UN Region Southern Asia References Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies Program[1]

262

Supporting RBEC Transition to Low-Emission Development | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RBEC Transition to Low-Emission Development RBEC Transition to Low-Emission Development Jump to: navigation, search Name Supporting RBEC Transition to Low-Emission Development Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), UNDP Bratislava Regional Center Partner Interministerial committees headed by the national focal point on climate change Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Website http://europeandcis.undp.org/e Program Start 2010 Program End 2012 Country Kazakhstan, Moldova, Republic of Kosovo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

263

Energy Technology Systems Analysis Program (MARKAL) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Technology Systems Analysis Program (MARKAL) Energy Technology Systems Analysis Program (MARKAL) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy Technology Systems Analysis Program (MARKAL) Agency/Company /Organization: International Energy Agency Sector: Energy Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.etsap.org/index.asp Country: Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, United States, United Kingdom, Switzerland, Albania, Australia, Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Colombia, Croatia, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, New Zealand, China, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, South Africa, Romania, Serbia, Spain, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam

264

Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fund (CTF) Fund (CTF) (Redirected from Vietnam-Clean Technology Fund (CTF)) Jump to: navigation, search Name Clean Technology Fund (CTF) Agency/Company /Organization African Development Bank, Asian Development Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Inter-American Development Bank, World Bank Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Geothermal, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Algeria, Egypt, Indonesia, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Philippines, South Africa, Thailand, Tunisia UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Middle East and North Africa Regional Program (Algeria, Egypt, Jorban, Morroco, Tunisia)-Clean Technology Fund (CTF)[1]

265

International Energy Outlook 2013  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

10.7 10.8 10.7 11.5 12.3 12.0 0.6 Caspian Region 2.9 3.0 3.4 3.8 4.3 4.6 4.9 5.5 2.1 Kazakhstan 1.6 1.6 2.0 2.4 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.9 3.0 Other 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.6 0.6 Other...

266

Control And Data Acquisition System Of Tokamak KTM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The preliminary results of control and data acquisition system (CODAS) development for Kazakhstan tokamak for material testing (KTM) [1] are presented. The KTM CODAS is completely new system optimized for KTM facility and its regimes of operation. Its development is carrying out in Tomsk Polytechnic University by Russian specialists. The first KTM launching under the control of CODAS is planed on 2008 year. The base functionality of CODAS is presented, including short description of its subsystems, such as control system of conditioning process, plasma control system, digital control system of power supplies, protection and timing system, data acquisition system.

Baystrukov, K. I.; Pavlov, V. M.; Sharnin, A. V.; Obhodskij, A. V.; Merkulov, S. V.; Golobokov, Y. N.; Mezentsev, A. A.; Ovchinnikov, A. V. [Tomsk Polytechnic University, 634050, Lenin ave. 30 (Russian Federation); Tazhibaeva, I. L. [National Nuclear Center (Kazakhstan)

2008-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

267

Evaluation of Solar Grade Silicon Produced by the Institute of Physics and Technology: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-07-211  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

NREL and Solar Power Industries will cooperate to evaluate technology for producing solar grade silicon from industrial waste of the phosphorus industry, as developed by the Institute of Physics and Technology (IPT), Kazakhstan. Evaluation will have a technical component to assess the material quality and a business component to assess the economics of the IPT process. The total amount of silicon produced by IPT is expected to be quite limited (50 kg), so evaluations will need to be done on relatively small quantities (? 5 kg/sample).

Page, M.

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Clean Technology Fund (CTF) Clean Technology Fund (CTF) Jump to: navigation, search Name Clean Technology Fund (CTF) Agency/Company /Organization African Development Bank, Asian Development Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Inter-American Development Bank, World Bank Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Geothermal, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Algeria, Egypt, Indonesia, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Philippines, South Africa, Thailand, Tunisia UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Middle East and North Africa Regional Program (Algeria, Egypt, Jorban, Morroco, Tunisia)-Clean Technology Fund (CTF)[1]

269

GNEP Ministerial Attendees  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Senior Delegation Officials From All GNEP Participants Senior Delegation Officials From All GNEP Participants GNEP PARTNERS Australia John Carlson, Director General, Australian Safeguards and Non-Proliferation Office Bulgaria Chavdar Zhechev, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Bulgaria to the United Nations China Chen Deming, Vice Chairman, National Development and Reform Commission France Alain Bugat, Chairman, French Atomic Energy Commission Ghana Joseph Adda, Minister for Energy Hungary József Rónaky, Director General, Hungarian Atomic Energy Authority Japan Yukiya Amano, Ambassador, Permanent Mission of Japan to the International Organizations in Vienna Jordan Khaled Toukan, Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research Kazakhstan Kayrat Abdrakhmanov, Ambassador Extraordinary

270

A personal evaluation of oil, gas, etc. in the FSU. [Former Soviet Union (FSU)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is a log of the authors trip to Russia and Kazakhstan to meet with representatives of the former USSR's oil and gas industry. The journal records the reserve potential of this newly developing area and the great inefficiency that currently plaques their industry. It documents the lack of equipment, spare parts, technology, and transportation systems needed to effectively bring the system on-line with the rest of the world. It also discusses the cultural and social problems often encountered by travelers to this newly accessible part of the world.

Jones, E.R. Jr.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Russian joint ventures, upstream deals hit fast clip  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports that Russia is stepping up the pace of joint ventures and imports of petroleum technology and hardware. Among the latest action: Polar Lights, a 50-50 venture of Conoco Timan-Pechora Ltd. and Arkhangelskgeologia (AAG), started drilling in the first new-field oil-development project in Russia to include a US partner; The governments of Oman and the Kazakhstan republic signed an agreement covering oil and gas exploration, field development, and production in Kazakhstan; Phibro Energy Inc., Greenwich, Conn., last week reported the sale and delivery of the first full cargo of Russian crude oil produced and exported by a Russian-American joint venture; Era Aviation Inc., Anchorage, Alas., is sending two helicopters with crewmen to Russia to help assess the feasibility of oil and gas development off Sakhalin Island; In deals involving Canadian companies, SNC-Lavalin Inc., Montreal, received a contract for initial work on a $350 million (US) modernization of the Volvograd refinery in southern Russia.

Not Available

1992-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

272

Yemen-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Yemen-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Yemen-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Yemen-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Yemen UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

273

Samoa-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Samoa-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Samoa-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Samoa-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Samoa UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

274

Nepal-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Nepal-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Nepal-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Nepal UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

275

Bangladesh-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bangladesh-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Bangladesh-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Bangladesh-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Bangladesh UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

276

Zambia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zambia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Zambia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Zambia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Zambia UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

277

Jamaica-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jamaica-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jamaica-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Jamaica-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Jamaica UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

278

Haiti-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Haiti-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Haiti-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Haiti-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Haiti UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

279

Saint Lucia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Saint Lucia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Saint Lucia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Saint Lucia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Saint Lucia UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

280

Grenada-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Grenada-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Grenada-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Grenada-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Grenada UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kazakhstan kyrgyzstan tajikistan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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281

Mozambique-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mozambique-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Mozambique-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Mozambique-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Mozambique UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

282

Dominica-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dominica-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Dominica-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Dominica-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Dominica UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

283

Bolivia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bolivia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Bolivia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Bolivia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Bolivia UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

284

Niger-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Niger-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Niger-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Niger-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Niger UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

285

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN KAZAKHASTAN: USING OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION BY-PRODUCT SULFUR FOR COST-EFFECTIVE SECONDARY END-USE PRODUCTS.  

SciTech Connect

The Republic of Kazakhstan is continuing to develop its extensive petroleum reserves in the Tengiz region of the northeastern part of the Caspian Sea. Large quantities of by-product sulfur are being produced as a result of the removal of hydrogen sulfide from the oil and gas produced in the region. Lack of local markets and economic considerations limit the traditional outlets for by-product sulfur and the buildup of excess sulfur is a becoming a potential economic and environmental liability. Thus, new applications for re-use of by-product sulfur that will benefit regional economies including construction, paving and waste treatment are being developed. One promising application involves the cleanup and treatment of mercury at a Kazakhstan chemical plant. During 19 years of operation at the Pavlodar Khimprom chlor-alkali production facility, over 900 tons of mercury was lost to the soil surrounding and beneath the buildings. The Institute of Metallurgy and Ore Benefication (Almaty) is leading a team to develop and demonstrate a vacuum-assisted thermal process to extract the mercury from the soil and concentrate it as pure, elemental mercury, which will then be treated using the Sulfur Polymer Stabilization/Solidification (SPSS) process. The use of locally produced sulfur will recycle a low-value industrial by-product to treat hazardous waste and render it safe for return to the environment, thereby helping to solve two problems at once. SPSS chemically stabilizes mercury to mercuric sulfide, which has a low vapor pressure and low solubility, and then physically encapsulates the material in a durable, monolithic solid sulfur polymer matrix. Thus, mercury is placed in a solid form very much like stable cinnabar, the form in which it is found in nature. Previous research and development has shown that the process can successfully encapsulate up to 33 wt% mercury in the solid form, while still meeting very strict regulatory standards for leachable mercury (0.025 mg/l in the Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure). The research and development to deploy Kazakhstan recycled sulfur for secondary applications described in this paper is being conducted with support from the International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) and the U.S. Department of Energy Initiatives for Proliferation Prevention (DOE IPP).

KALB, P.D.; VAGIN, S.; BEALL, P.W.; LEVINTOV, B.L.

2004-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

286

Nov Dec NNSA NEWS 2010.pmd  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10 10 National Nuclear Security Administration Monthly News VP Biden Presents Baldrige Quality Award to Kansas City Plant Contractor NNSA Secures Highly Enriched Uranium and Plutonium in Kazakhstan On Dec. 16, the Kansas City Plant's (KCP) management and operations contractor was presented with the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award, America's highest honor for innovation and performance excellence. During a ceremony in Washington, Vice President Joe Biden and U.S. Commerce Secretary Gary Locke presented Honeywell FM&T the award in the In November, NNSA successfully completed the transfer and secure storage of 300 metric tons of spent fuel, which contained more than 10 metric tons of highly enriched uranium (HEU) and three metric tons of weapon-grade plutonium in

287

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets (Redirected from Ecofys Country Fact Sheets) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

288

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Regional definitions Regional definitions The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure M1) are defined as follows: OECD (18 percent of the 2011 world population): OECD Americas-United States, Canada, Chile, and Mexico; OECD Europe-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom; OECD Asia-Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. Non-OECD (82 percent of the 2011 world population): - Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (5 percent of the 2011 world population)-Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan,

289

November/December 2010 | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

November/December 2010 | National Nuclear Security Administration November/December 2010 | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > Media Room > Newsletters > November/December 2010 Newsletter November/December 2010 Dec 22, 2010 In this issue: * NNSA Secures Highly Enriched Uranium and Plutonium in Kazakhstan * VP Biden Presents Baldrige Quality Award to Kansas City Plant

290

Deputy Secretary Daniel Poneman's Remarks to the International Forum for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to the International to the International Forum for a Nuclear Weapons-Free World Deputy Secretary Daniel Poneman's Remarks to the International Forum for a Nuclear Weapons-Free World October 12, 2011 - 12:48pm Addthis Please find below Deputy Secretary Daniel Poneman's remarks, as prepared for delivery, to the International Forum for a Nuclear Weapons-Free World in Astana, Kazakhstan. A fact sheet describing the broad scope of U.S.-Kazakh nuclear security cooperation is available here: http://nnsa.energy.gov/mediaroom/factsheets/uskazakhcooperation-0 Remarks: Good morning, ladies and gentlemen. It is an honor to have the opportunity to represent the United States today and to address such a distinguished group of dignitaries, leaders, and experts from around the world. President Obama could not be here today, but wanted to address this forum

291

International Energy Outlook 1998  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Appendix C Appendix C A Status Report on Developing Transportation for Caspian Basin Oil and Gas Production Prior to the breakup of the Soviet Union, the petroleum transportation networks in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan were designed to provide petroleum to the internal Soviet economy and, in particular, to meet the Soviet military’s need for petroleum [1]. Investment in the Caspian Basin petroleum transportation system was, however, severely deficient. In order for the producers in the Caspian Sea area to become major petroleum exporters, existing petroleum transport lines, which generally head northward into Russia, will need upgrading. More importantly, new lines will need to be built to transport Caspian Sea oil to export markets, in some combination of westward to the Mediterranean,

292

International Student Enrolment Vancouver Campus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Visiting Total Central Asia Afghanistan 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 Azerbaijan 0 0 2 0 0 0 4 0 6 Kazakhstan 0 0 8 0 0.1% Zimbabwe 0 0 1 1 1 3 4 5 5 5 4 5 5 0.1% Azerbaijan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 4 0.1% Bermuda 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 3 0.1% Vietnam 0 4 4 3 7 7 7 8 8 6 3 4 3 0.1% Azerbaijan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 2 0.1% Bolivia 0 0

Michelson, David G.

293

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints World Regions Oil Production Oil Consumption Proved Reserves Click country for more information | Zoom Out | Zoom to: Zoom to Country: Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Angola

294

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S. Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints ERROR: Invalid Country Code The link you followed is incorrect. The administrator of this site has been notified via email. Thank you for your patience. Choose your country from the menu below; or, return to Country Profiles

295

NREL: International Activities - Bilateral Partnerships  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bilateral Partnerships Bilateral Partnerships NREL partners with more than 50 countries around the world to advance development and use of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies: Angola Argentina Australia Bangladesh Brazil Canada Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Gabon Haiti India Indonesia Japan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea Mexico North America Philippines Saudi Arabia U.S. Pacific Territories United Arab Emirates Vietnam Asia Bangladesh Under sponsorship from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), NREL provides technical support for mapping the wind resource in the Bay of Bengal littoral zone in order to provide sufficiently accurate information for national-level strategic energy planning. China NREL manages renewable energy cooperation with China under the U.S.-China

296

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints World Regions Oil Production Oil Consumption Proved Reserves Click country for more information | Zoom Out | Zoom to: Zoom to Country: Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Angola

297

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

298

Blog Feed: Vehicles | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

31, 2011 31, 2011 This Month on Energy Savers: May 2011 A recap of May news on Energy Savers. May 27, 2011 Making Memorial Day Plans? Be Sure They're Efficient Useful tips from Energy Savers - from cooking, to entertaining, to driving - how to stay energy efficient this Memorial Day weekend. May 27, 2011 Clean Cities Reaches Across the Sea Clean Cities International collaborates with leaders from Kazakhstan and Sweden share best practices and accomplish mutual goals. May 26, 2011 NREL's Large-Volume Battery Calorimeter has the highest-capacity chamber in the world for testing of this kind. From bottom clockwise:NREL researchers Matthew Keyser, Dirk Long & John Ireland | Photo Courtesy of Dennis Schroeder Electric Vehicle Battery Testing: It's Hot Stuff! A look at the Large Volume Battery Calorimeter, a tool developed by

299

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions Agency/Company /Organization: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector: Energy, Climate Topics: GHG inventory, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: cdiac.ornl.gov/trends/emis/meth_reg.html Country: United States, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Luxembourg, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Egypt, South Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand

300

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Triples in Size to 16 Members |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nuclear Energy Partnership Triples in Size to 16 Members Nuclear Energy Partnership Triples in Size to 16 Members Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Triples in Size to 16 Members September 16, 2007 - 2:33pm Addthis Nations Sign On to International Cooperation for Safe Expansion of Nuclear Energy Worldwide VIENNA, AUSTRIA - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and senior international officials from 16 nations today agreed to increase international nuclear energy cooperation through the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP). China, France, Japan, Russia and the United States, who are original GNEP partners, as well as Australia, Bulgaria, Ghana, Hungary, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, and Ukraine signed a "Statement of Principles", which addresses the prospects of expanding the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, including enhanced

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kazakhstan kyrgyzstan tajikistan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The Activities of the International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP)  

SciTech Connect

The International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP) was initiated in 1992 by the United States Department of Energy. The ICSBEP became an official activity of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) in 1995. Representatives from the United States, United Kingdom, France, Japan, the Russian Federation, Hungary, Republic of Korea, Slovenia, Yugoslavia, Kazakhstan, Spain, and Israel are now participating. The purpose of the ICSBEP is to identify, evaluate, verify, and formally document a comprehensive and internationally peer-reviewed set of criticality safety benchmark data. The work of the ICSBEP is published as an OECD handbook entitled International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments. The 2001 Edition of the Handbook contains benchmark specifications for 2642 critical or subcritical configurations that are intended for use in validation efforts and for testing basic nuclear data.

Briggs, Joseph Blair

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Hydrogen Release from Irradiated Vanadium Alloy V-4Cr-4Ti  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The present work is an attempt to obtain data concerning the influence of neutron and ? irradiation upon hydrogen retention in V-4Cr-4Ti vanadium alloy. The experiments on in-pile loading of vanadium alloy specimens at the neutron flux density 1014 n/cm2s, hydrogen pressure of 80 Pa, and temperatures of 563, 613, and 773 K were carried out using the IVG.1M reactor of the Kazakhstan National Nuclear Center. A preliminary set of loading/degassing experiments with non-irradiated material has been carried out to obtain data on hydrogen interaction with vanadium alloy. The, data presented in this work are related both to non-irradiated and irradiated samples.

Klepikov, A. Kh.; Romanenko, O. G.; Chikhray, E. V.; Tazhibaeva, I. L.; Shestakov, V. P.; Longhurst, Glen Reed

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

801 - 27810 of 28,904 results. 801 - 27810 of 28,904 results. Article Deputy Secretary Daniel Poneman's Remarks to the International Forum for a Nuclear Weapons-Free World Please find below Deputy Secretary Daniel Poneman's remarks, as prepared for delivery, to the International Forum for a Nuclear Weapons-Free World in Astana, Kazakhstan. http://energy.gov/articles/deputy-secretary-daniel-poneman-s-remarks-international-forum-nuclear-weapons-free-world Article Carbon Sequestration Conference Remarks Prepared for Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman http://energy.gov/articles/carbon-sequestration-conference Article National Coal Council Meeting Remarks As Prepared By Deputy Energy Secretary Clay Sell http://energy.gov/articles/national-coal-council-meeting Article Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Lab to

304

United States - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

‹ Countries ‹ Countries United States Glossary › FAQS › Overview / Data Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints Overview data for United States + EXPAND ALL Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day) Previous Year Latest Year History United States North America

305

Well-logging activities in Russia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report is a brief survey of the current state of well-logging service in Russia (number and types of crews, structure of well-logging jobs, types of techniques used, well-logging equipment, auxiliary downhole jobs, etc.). Types and peculiarities of well data acquisition and processing hardware and software are discussed (petrophysics included). New well-logging technologies used in Russia (new methods of electric logging data processing, electromagnetic logging, pulse neutron logging, nuclear magnetic resonance logging, acoustic tomography, logging-testing-logging technique, etc.) are surveyed. Comparison of the Tengiz field (Kazakhstan) well data obtained by Schlumberger and Neftegazgeofizika Association crews is given. Several problems and drawbacks in equipment and technology used by well-logging crews in Russia are discussed.

Savostyanov, N.A. (Neftegazgeofizika, Moscow (Russian Federation))

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

INVESTIGATION OF CRUSTAL MOTION IN THE TIEN SHAN USING INSAR  

SciTech Connect

The northern Tien Shan of Central Asia is an area of active mid-continent deformation. Although far from a plate boundary, this region has experienced 5 earthquakes larger than magnitude 7 in the past century and includes one event that may as be as large as Mw 8.0. Previous studies based on GPS measurements indicate on the order of 23 mm/yr of shortening across the entire Tien Shan and up to 15 mm/year in the northern Tien Shan (Figure 1). The seismic moment release rate appears comparable with the geodetic measured slip, at least to first order, suggesting that geodetic rates can be considered a proxy for accumulation rates of stress for seismic hazard estimation. Interferometric synthetic aperture radar may provide a means to make detailed spatial measurements and hence in identifying block boundaries and assisting in seismic hazard. Therefore, we hoped to define block boundaries by direct measurement and by identifying and resolving earthquake slip. Due to political instability in Kyrgzystan, the existing seismic network has not performed as well as required to precisely determine earthquake hypocenters in remote areas and hence InSAR is highly useful. In this paper we present the result of three earthquake studies and show that InSAR is useful for refining locations of teleseismically located earthquakes. ALOS PALSAR data is used to investigate crustal motion in the Tien Shan mountains of Central Asia. As part of the work, considerable software development was undertaken to process PALSAR data. This software has been made freely available. Two damaging earthquakes have been imaged in the Tien Shan and the locations provided by ALOS InSAR have helped to refine seismological velocity models. A third earthquake south of Kyrgyzstan was also imaged. The use of InSAR data and especially L band is therefore very useful in providing groundtruth for earthquake locations.

Mellors, R J

2011-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

307

The U.S. Geological Survey World Energy Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Geological Survey has conducted four assessments of world oil and gas resources over the past 15 years. Recently, a new five year plan for the World Energy Program was completed. Eight regional coordinators were appointed and planning activities for a new world assessment which will include oil, natural gas and coal resources is planned within four years. Currently the program is undertaking U.S. AID sponsored collaborative work with research organizations in Russia including VINIGNI and VNIGRI. Some of the products planned for this collaborative effort include a petroleum basin map of the former Soviet Union and eventually a basin map of the world at a scale of 1:5,000,000 and databases characterizing past exploration activities in Russia. Centers are being established in Moscow and Tyumen to where state of the art seismic processing, organic geochemistry and geographic information systems will be operational. Additionally, collaborative research particularly organic geochemical studies and unconventional natural gas studies in the Timon-Pechora basin are underway. Training of Russian scientists both at the USGS and in Russia on equipment purchased for the Russian institutes has been underway for the past year. An analogous program, but at a smaller scale, focusing primarily on seismic processing and compilation of databases is underway with Ukranian geologists. Similar collaborative activities in coal research are underway in Armenian and Kyrgyzstan, and recently completed in India and Pakistan. Collaborative organic geochemical research, natural gas research with particular emphasis on basin centered gas accumulations or unconventional natural gas accumulations such as coal bed methane have been undertaken or are anticipated in several countries including Hungary, Poland, China, several Middle East countries, South America and Indonesia.

Ahlbrandt, T.S. [Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

BN-350 unattended safeguards system current status and initial fuel movement data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Unattended and Remote Monitoring (UNARM) system at the BN-350 fast breeder reactor facility in Aktau, Kazakhstan continues to provide safeguards monitoring data as the spent fuel disposition project transitions from wet fuel storage to dry storage casks. Qualitative data from the initial cask loading procedures has been released by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and is presented here for the first time. The BN-350 fast breeder reactor in Aktau, Kazakhstan, operated as a plutonium-producing facility from 1973 W1til 1999. Kazakhstan signed the Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) in February 1994, and shortly afterwards the IAEA began safeguarding the reactor facility and its nuclear material. Slnce the cessation of reactor operations ten years ago, the chief proliferation concern has been the spent fuel assemblies stored in the pond on-site. By 2002, all fuel assemblies in wet storage had been repackaged into proliferation-resistant canisters. From the beginning, the IAEA's safeguards campaign at the BN-350 included a constant unattended sensor presence in the form of UNARM which monitors nuclear material activities at the facility in the absence of inspector presence. The UNARM equipment at the BN-350 was designed to be modular and extensible, allowing the system to adapt as the safeguards requirements change. This has been particularly important at the BN-350 due to the prolonged wet storage phase of the project. The primary function of the BN-350 UNARM system is to provide the IAEA with an independent, radiation-centric Containment and Surveillance (C&S) layer in addition to the standard seals and video systems. The UNARM system has provided continuous Continuity of Knowledge (COK) data for the BN-350's nuclear material storage areas in order to ensure the validity of the attended measurements during the lifetime of the project. The first of these attended measurements was characterization of the spent fuel assemblies. This characterization utilized the Spent Fuel Coincidence Counter (SFCC) instrument [ref] to measure neutron multiplicity and calculate Pu mass. These calculated masses were then compared to modeling simulation of the assemblies as well as declarations from the facility in order to baseline the amount of material under IAEA safeguards [ref]. Once the baseline was established, bundles of four or six assemblies were repackaged into proliferati n-resistant canisters. This provided an additional physical barrier to material diversion and provided further protection by choosing assemblies for each canister so that the overall dose rate met self-protection requirements. Each of the canisters were then characterized using a similar technique to the SFCC, but with the Spent Fuel Attribute Monitor (SPAM) instnunent (ref). The data from these measurements were then used to calculate an attribute proportional to the total Pu mass in each canister. This attribute was then compared to the know Pu mass of each assembly in order to verify the accuracy of SPAM. In the event that COK is lost, the SPAM detector remains positioned to reverify Pu content of individual canisters without requiring the canister to be opened.

Williams, Richard Brady [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Browne, Michael C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Parker, Robert F [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ingegneri, Maurizio [IAEA

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9. World proved natural gas reserves by country as of January 1, 2013 9. World proved natural gas reserves by country as of January 1, 2013 trillion cubic feet Project Reserves (trillion cubic feet) Percent of world total World 6,793 100.0 Top 20 countries 6,200 91.3 Russia 1,688 24.9 Iran 1,187 17.5 Qatar 890 13.1 Saudi Arabia 288 4.2 United States 273 4.0 Turkmenistan 265 3.9 United Arab Emirates 215 3.2 Venezuela 195 2.9 Nigeria 182 2.7 Algeria 159 2.3 China 124 1.8 Iraq 112 1.6 Indonesia 108 1.6 Kazakhstan 85 1.3 Malaysia 83 1.2 Egypt 77 1.1 Norway 73 1.1 Canada 68 1.0 Uzbekistan 65 1.0 Kuwait 63 0.9 Rest of world 593 8.7 Source: "Worldwide look at reserves and production," Oil & Gas Journal, Vol. 110.12 (December 3, 2012), pp. 28-31, http://www.ogj.com (subscription site)

310

Discrimination Analysis of Earthquakes and Man-Made Events Using ARMA Coefficients Determination by Artificial Neural Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Quadratic Neural Networks (QNNs) model has been developed for identifying seismic source classification problem at regional distances using ARMA coefficients determination by Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs). We have devised a supervised neural system to discriminate between earthquakes and chemical explosions with filter coefficients obtained by windowed P-wave phase spectra (15 s). First, we preprocess the recording's signals to cancel out instrumental and attenuation site effects and obtain a compact representation of seismic records. Second, we use a QNNs system to obtain ARMA coefficients for feature extraction in the discrimination problem. The derived coefficients are then applied to the neural system to train and classification. In this study, we explore the possibility of using single station three-component (3C) covariance matrix traces from a priori-known explosion sites (learning) for automatically recognizing subsequent explosions from the same site. The results have shown that this feature extraction gives the best classifier for seismic signals and performs significantly better than other classification methods. The events have been tested, which include 36 chemical explosions at the Semipalatinsk test site in Kazakhstan and 61 earthquakes (mb = 5.0-6.5) recorded by the Iranian National Seismic Network (INSN). The 100% correct decisions were obtained between site explosions and some of non-site events. The above approach to event discrimination is very flexible as we can combine several 3C stations.

AllamehZadeh, Mostafa, E-mail: dibaparima@yahoo.com [International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

311

Natural mercury isotope variation in coal deposits and organic soils  

SciTech Connect

There is a need to distinguish among sources of Hg to the atmosphere in order to more fully understand global Hg pollution. In this study we investigate whether coal deposits within the United States, China, and Russia-Kazakhstan, which are three of the five greatest coal-producing regions, have diagnostic Hg isotopic fingerprints that can be used to discriminate among Hg sources. We also investigate the Hg isotopic composition of modern organic soil horizons developed in areas distant from point sources of Hg in North America. Mercury stored in coal deposits displays a wide range of both mass dependent fractionation and mass independent fractionation. {delta}{sup 202}Hg varies in coals by 3{per_thousand} and {Delta}{sup 201}Hg varies by 0.9{per_thousand}. Combining these two Hg isotope signals results in what may be a unique isotopic 'fingerprint' for many coal deposits. Mass independent fractionation of mercury has been demonstrated to occur during photochemical reactions of mercury. This suggests that Hg found in most coal deposits was subjected to photochemical reduction near the Earth's surface prior to deposition. The similarity in MDF and MIF of modern organic soils and coals from North America suggests that Hg deposition from coal may have imprinted an isotopic signature on soils. This research offers a new tool for characterizing mercury inputs from natural and anthropogenic sources to the atmosphere and provides new insights into the geochemistry of mercury in coal and soils. 35 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

Abir, Biswas; Joel D. Blum; Bridget A. Bergquist; Gerald J. Keeler; Zhouqing Xie [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Department of Geological Sciences

2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

312

New automated inventory/material accounting system (AIMAS) version for former Soviet Union countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AIMAS (Automated Inventory/Material Accounting System) is a PC-based application for site-level nuclear material accountancy that was originally developed in the late 90's as a part of the U.S Department of Energy Assistance Program to Ukraine. Designed to be flexible and secure, plus place minimal demands on computing infrastructure, it was originally developed to run in early Windows operating system (OS) environments like W98 and W3.1. The development, support, and maintenance of AIMAS were transferred to Ukraine in 2002. Because it is highly flexible and can be configured to meet diverse end-user's needs, the software has been used at several facilities in Ukraine. Incorporating added functionality is planned to support nuclear installations in the Republic of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, as well. An improved 32-bit version of AIMAS has recently been developed to operate effectively on modern PCs running the latest Windows OS by AVIS, the Ukrainian developer. In the paper we discuss the status of AIMAS, plans for new functions, and describe the strategy for addressing a sustainable software life-cycle while meeting user requirements in multiple FSU countries.

Kuzminski, Jozef [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ewing, Tom [ANL; Sakunov, Igor [AVIS CORP., KIEV, UKRAINE; Drapey, Sergey [GEORGE KUZMYCZ TRAINING; Nations, Jim [GREGG PROTECTION SERVICES

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Joint venture terms that hasten production in the Black Sea region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The break up of the Former Soviet Union (FSU) provided opportunities for the major western oil companies to access the giant oil and gas fields of Siberia, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan. Meanwhile, smaller companies spotted the hydrocarbon provinces further west long neglected by the centralized Soviet system. Gas production in Ukraine was established long before the Tyumen area was opened up, oil production had started in Georgia more than 100 years ago and the North Caucasus fields in Dagestan have been in production for over 50 years. All these areas are also close to the Black Sea with short links to export terminals. Legislation already provided for joint venture companies but not production sharing contracts. The compromise was to build production sharing into the JV company structure. This allowed the state partner to obtain some revenue from start-up of production with no cash outlay. It also ensured that the western company obtained a substantial amount of its investment back in cost recovery before the more onerous profit sharing arrangement commenced. These conditions enabled JKX to rapidly agree four JV's in three countries and start operations almost immediately. Production of hydrocarbons began in Ukraine in early 1995 with exploration and appraisal drilling in the Black Sea and onshore Georgia following soon after. Continued close contact with the governments has permitted JKX to demonstrate the benefits of the PSC without the need for JVs. Legislation is being enacted for future licenses in the region to be issued as PSC's along conventional lines.

Miller, M.; Robson, D. (JKX Oil and Gas plc, Guildford (United Kingdom))

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Transforming on-grid renewable energy markets. A review of UNDP-GEF support for feed-in tariffs and related price and market-access instruments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As a Global Environment Facility (GEF) founding implementing agency, UNDP has worked on over 230 GEF-supported clean energy projects in close to 100 developing countries since 1992. About 100 of these projects in 80 countries have focused on renewable energy, supported by approximately US $ 293 million in GEF funds and leveraging US $1.48 billion in associated co-financing from national governments, international organizations, the private sector and non-governmental organizations. As part of UNDP efforts to codify and share lessons learnt from these initiatives, this report addresses how scarce public resources can be used to catalyze larger private financial flows for renewable energy. It provides an overview of UNDP-GEFs extensive work supporting development of national renewable energy policies such as feed-in tariffs. In these activities UNDP-GEF assists developing countries to assess key risks and barriers to technology diffusion and then to identify a mix of policy and financial de-risking measures to remove these barriers and drive investment. This approach is illustrated through three case studies in Uruguay, Mauritius and Kazakhstan. This report is complemented by a companion publication presenting an innovative UNDP financial modeling tool to assist policymakers in appraising different public instruments to promote clean energy.

Glemarec, Yannick; Rickerson, Wilson; Waissbein, Oliver

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

315

Nuclear Desalination Complex with VK-300 Boiling-Type Reactor Facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With regard to the global-scale development of desalination technologies and the stable growth demand for them, Russia also takes an active part in the development of these technologies. Two major aspects play a special role here: they are providing the desalination process with power and introducing new materials capable of making the production of fresh water cheaper and of raising the technical reliability of desalination units. In achieving these tasks, the focus is on the most knowledge-intensive issues, to which Russia is capable of making its contribution based both on the experience of developing national nuclear power and the experience of developing, manufacturing and operating desalination units, including the use of nuclear power (the experience of BN-350 in Aktau (formerly Shevchenko), Kazakhstan). In terms of design, the Nuclear Desalination Complex (NDC) with a VK-300 reactor facility is a modification of a nuclear power unit with a VK-300 reactor developed for application at Russian nuclear cogeneration plants. A power unit

B. A. Gabaraev; Yu. N. Kuznetzov; A. A. Romenkov; Yu. A. Mishanina

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Increasing Well Productivity in Gas Condensate Wells in Qatar's North Field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Condensate blockage negatively impacts large natural gas condensate reservoirs all over the world; examples include Arun Field in Indonesia, Karachaganak Field in Kazakhstan, Cupiagua Field in Colombia,Shtokmanovskoye Field in Russian Barents Sea, and North Field in Qatar. The main focus of this thesis is to evaluate condensate blockage problems in the North Field, Qatar, and then propose solutions to increase well productivity in these gas condensate wells. The first step of the study involved gathering North Field reservoir data from previously published papers. A commercial simulator was then used to carry out numerical reservoir simulation of fluid flow in the North Field. Once an accurate model was obtained, the following three solutions to increasing productivity in the North Field are presented; namely wettability alteration, horizontal wells, and reduced Non Darcy flow. Results of this study show that wettability alteration can increase well productivity in the North Field by adding significant value to a single well. Horizontal wells can successfully increase well productivity in the North Field because they have a smaller pressure drawdown (compared to vertical wells). Horizontal wells delay condensate formation, and increase the well productivity index by reducing condensate blockage in the near wellbore region. Non Darcy flow effects were found to be negligible in multilateral wells due to a decrease in fluid velocity. Therefore, drilling multilateral wells decreases gas velocity around the wellbore, decreases Non Darcy flow effects to a negligible level, and increases well productivity in the North Field.

Miller, Nathan

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Initiatives for proliferation prevention  

SciTech Connect

Preventing the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction is a central part of US national security policy. A principal instrument of the Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) program for securing weapons of mass destruction technology and expertise and removing incentives for scientists, engineers and technicians in the newly independent states (NIS) of the former Soviet Union to go to rogue countries or assist terrorist groups is the Initiatives for Proliferation Prevention (IPP). IPP was initiated pursuant to the 1994 Foreign Operations Appropriations Act. IPP is a nonproliferation program with a commercialization strategy. IPP seeks to enhance US national security and to achieve nonproliferation objectives by engaging scientists, engineers and technicians from former NIS weapons institutes; redirecting their activities in cooperatively-developed, commercially viable non-weapons related projects. These projects lead to commercial and economic benefits for both the NIS and the US IPP projects are funded in Russian, Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Belarus. This booklet offers an overview of the IPP program as well as a sampling of some of the projects which are currently underway.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Determination of the Lower Temperature Limit of Void Swelling of Stainless Steels at Relatively Low Displacement Rates  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An issue of current interest to PWRs is the possibility that void swelling of austenitic near-core internal components may exert some deleterious effect on component functionality, particularly during extended operation to 60 years. A similar concern has also been raised for water-cooled fusion devices. One question of particular interest is the range of temperature over which void swelling can occur, since the internal components experience temperatures from ~290 to perhaps as high as 390 degrees C in some limited locations. This question was addressed using a flow restrictor component from the low-flux breeder zone of the BN-350 fast reactor in Kazakhstan. This component was constructed of annealed 12X18H10T, an alloy similar to AISI 321 which is used in Russian reactors for applications where AISI 304L would be used in comparable Western and Japanese reactors. Extensive sectioning to produce 114 separate specimens, followed by examination of the radiation-induced microstructure showed that void swelling in the range of temperatures and dpa rates of PWR interest occurs down to ~305 degrees C. At 330 degrees C the swelling reached ~1% at 20 dpa. Comparison of these data with other published results from Russian LWR reactors at <10 dpa confirms that the lowest temperature that stainless steels can begin swelling appears to be ~300 degrees C. Since fusion and PWR spectra generate similar levels of hydrogen and helium, it is expected that these conclusions are also application to fusion devices operating at comparable dpa rates.

Porollo, S. I.; Konobeev, Yu V.; Dvoriashin, Alexander M.; Krigan, V. M.; Garner, Francis A.

2002-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

319

The Baltics: Regional energy profiles  

SciTech Connect

However, all three Baltic Republics are heavily dependent on primary energy imports. Domestic energy sources in the Baltics are limited to oil shale mines in Estonia, small oil deposits in Lithuania, peat, and some very small hydroelectric power plants. A RBMK nuclear power station, similar to Chernobyl, operates at Snieckus in Lithuania, but the reactor fuel is also imported from Russia. However, Lithuania and Estonia are net exporters of electricity despite their reliance on primary fuels imports. The major power stations in these two Republics are the Ignalina Nuclear Power Station and the two thermal power plants at Narva in Estonia which are fueled by oil shale. The only oil refinery in the Baltics is also located in Lithuania, at Mazeikiai. This refinery has the capacity to satisfy the demand for selected refined products of the entire region, including the Kaliningrad oblast, a noncontiguous part of Russia. The Mazeikiai refinery has operated at only forty to sixty percent capacity since 1990 due to halts in crude oil supplies from Russia. The Baltic Republics also import one hundred percent of their coal and natural gas supplies. Russia is the main trading partner for all the Baltic states, accounting for more than half of their trade flow. Mutual trade within the Baltics has been surprisingly low. Other Baltic states contribute less than ten percent to each Republic`s exports or imports, even less than Belarus or Ukraine. Aside from Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus, only Kazakhstan contributes more than two percent to Baltics trade.

Not Available

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Coal bed methane global market potential  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Worldwide increases in energy prices, as well as the increased potential for project financing derived from emissions credits, have renewed focus on coal bed methane (CBM) and coal mine methane (CMM) projects in coal-producing countries around the world. Globally, CBM utilization projects (in the operational, development, or planning stages) capture and utilize methane from gassy underground coal mines in at least 13 countries. The total methane emission reductions that could be achieved by these projects are approximately 135 billion cubic feet per year (equal to 14.8 million tons of carbon equivalent per year). This global activity level reflects a growing awareness of the technological practicality and the economic attractiveness of coal mine methane recovery and use. This report outlines the potential of the global CBM market. Contents: An overview of CBM; Challenges and issues; Technologies to generate power from CAM; Global CBM/CMM utilization; Country highlights; Ranking of countries with the largest CMM development potential (Australia, Canada, China, Germany, Mexico, Poland, Russia, Ukraine, United Kingdom, USA, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, France, India, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Africa); Planning CBM/CMM projects; Pre-feasibility and feasibility studies; Demonstration projects; Development plan and application process; Equity and debt; Carbon financing; Government sponsors; Private sponsors; Project risk reduction support; Examples of integrated project financing; Glossary.

Drazga, B. (ed.)

2007-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "kazakhstan kyrgyzstan tajikistan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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321

The Baltics: Regional energy profiles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

However, all three Baltic Republics are heavily dependent on primary energy imports. Domestic energy sources in the Baltics are limited to oil shale mines in Estonia, small oil deposits in Lithuania, peat, and some very small hydroelectric power plants. A RBMK nuclear power station, similar to Chernobyl, operates at Snieckus in Lithuania, but the reactor fuel is also imported from Russia. However, Lithuania and Estonia are net exporters of electricity despite their reliance on primary fuels imports. The major power stations in these two Republics are the Ignalina Nuclear Power Station and the two thermal power plants at Narva in Estonia which are fueled by oil shale. The only oil refinery in the Baltics is also located in Lithuania, at Mazeikiai. This refinery has the capacity to satisfy the demand for selected refined products of the entire region, including the Kaliningrad oblast, a noncontiguous part of Russia. The Mazeikiai refinery has operated at only forty to sixty percent capacity since 1990 due to halts in crude oil supplies from Russia. The Baltic Republics also import one hundred percent of their coal and natural gas supplies. Russia is the main trading partner for all the Baltic states, accounting for more than half of their trade flow. Mutual trade within the Baltics has been surprisingly low. Other Baltic states contribute less than ten percent to each Republic's exports or imports, even less than Belarus or Ukraine. Aside from Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus, only Kazakhstan contributes more than two percent to Baltics trade.

Not Available

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Responsible stewardship of nuclear materials  

SciTech Connect

The ability to tap the massive energy potential of nuclear fission was first developed as a weapon to end a terrible world war. Nuclear fission is also a virtually inexhaustible energy resource, and is the only energy supply in certain areas in Russia, Kazakhstan and elsewhere. The potential link between civilian and military applications has been and continues to be a source of concern. With the end of the Cold War, this issue has taken a dramatic turn. The U.S. and Russia have agreed to reduce their nuclear weapons stockpiles by as much as two-thirds. This will make some 100 tonnes of separated plutonium and 500 tonnes of highly enriched uranium available, in a form that is obviously directly usable for weapons. The total world inventory of plutonium is now around 1000 tonnes and is increasing at 60-70 tonnes per year. There is even more highly enriched uranium. Fortunately the correct answer to what to do with excess weapons material is also the most attractive. It should be used and reused as fuel for fast reactors. Material in use (particularly nuclear material) is very easy to monitor and control, and is quite unattractive for diversion. Active management of fissile materials not only makes a major contribution to economic stability and well-being, but also simplifies accountability, inspection and other safeguards processes; provides a revenue stream to pay for the necessary safeguards; and, most importantly, limits the prospective world inventory of plutonium to only that which is used and useful.

Hannum, W.H.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Diverse methods spread thermal EOR in U. S. S. R  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on energy saving technologies that improve the efficiency of thermal enhanced-oil-recovery (TEOR) which are expanding the application of TEOR to a wider area and different geological environments of the U.S.S.R. As shown in Table 1, TEOR production in the Soviet Union reached 72,700 b/d in 1990. The production had gradually increased from 5,000 to 6,000 b/d during the middle 1970s when the first complete statistical data became available. The major part of TEOR production, more than 55%, is from steam flooding. Another 35% uses hot water to produce about 25,000 b/d of light oil with a high paraffin content. This light oil is produced in the Uzen oil field in West Kazakhstan. Also, successful in situ combustion in the Gnedincy oil field in the Ukraine produced, in 1990, 8,200 b/d of high water cut light oil.

Boksermann, A.A. (Intersectoral Scientific and Technological Complex, Moscow (SU)); Mamedov, Y.G. (All-Union Scientific and Research Oil and Gas Inst., Moscow (SU)); Antonlady, D.G. (Scientific and Industrial Enterprise Sojuzthermneft Krasnodar (SU))

1991-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

324

Analysis of HEU samples from the ULBA Metallurgical Plant  

SciTech Connect

In early March 1994, eight highly enriched uranium (HEU) samples were collected from materials stored at the Ulba Metallurgical Plant in Oskamen (Ust Kamenogorsk), Kazakhstan. While at the plant site, portions of four samples were dissolved and analyzed by mass spectrograph at the Ulba analytical laboratory by Ulba analysts. Three of these mass spectrograph solutions and the eight HEU samples were subsequently delivered to the Y-12 Plant for complete chemical and isotopic analyses. Chemical forms of the eight samples were uranium metal chips, U0{sub 2} powder, uranium/beryllium oxide powder, and uranium/beryllium alloy rods. All were declared by the Ulba plant to have a uranium assay of {approximately}90 wt % {sup 235}U. The uranium/beryllium powder and alloy samples were also declared to range from about 8 to 28 wt % uranium. The chemical and uranium isotopic analyses done at the Y-12 Plant confirm the Ulba plant declarations. All samples appear to have been enriched using some reprocessed uranium, probably from recovery of uranium from plutonium production reactors. As a result, all samples contain some {sup 236}U and {sup 232}U and have small but measurable quantities of plutonium. This plutonium could be the result of either contamination carried over from the enrichment process or cross-contamination from weapons material. It is not the result of direct reactor exposure. Neither the {sup 232}U nor the plutonium concentrations are sufficiently high to provide a significant industrial health hazard. Both are well within established or proposed acceptance criteria for storage at Y-12. The trace metal analyses showed that, with the exception of beryllium, there are no trace metals in any of these HEU samples that pose a significant health hazard.

Gift, E.H.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

U.S. Energy Information Administration / 2012 Uranium Marketing Annual Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Uranium Marketing Annual Report Uranium Marketing Annual Report Purchases Weighted- Average Price Purchases Weighted- Average Price Purchases Weighted- Average Price Purchases Weighted- Average Price Purchases Weighted- Average Price Australia 12,758 41.59 11,164 52.25 7,112 51.35 6,001 57.47 6,724 51.17 Brazil W W W W W W W W W W Canada 9,791 48.72 8,975 42.25 10,238 50.35 10,832 56.08 13,584 56.75 China 0 -- 0 -- 0 -- W W W W Czech Republic W W W W W W 0 -- 0 -- Germany 0 -- 0 -- W W 0 -- 0 -- Hungary 0 -- 0 -- W W 0 -- 0 -- Kazakhstan 3,818 60.61 4,985 43.41 6,830 47.81 9,728 53.71 6,234 51.69 Malawi 0 -- 0 -- W W 780 65.44 W W Namibia 3,880 54.79 5,732 47.30 4,913 47.90 6,199 56.74 5,986 54.56 Niger W W 2,001 47.55 587 49.00 1,744 54.38 2,133 50.45 Russia 12,080 27.64 7,938 37.98 10,544 50.28 10,199 56.57 7,643 54.40 South Africa 783 27.50 W W W W 1,524 53.62 1,243 56.45 Ukraine 0 -- 0 -- W W W W W W United Kingdom W W 0 -- 0 -- 0 -- 0 -- Uzbekistan

326

Progress and status of the IAEA coordinated research project: production of Mo-99 using LEU fission or neutron activation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since late 2004, the IAEA has developed and implemented a Coordinated Research Project (CRP) to assist countries interested in initiating indigenous, small-scale production of Mo-99 to meet local nuclear medicine requirements. The objective of the CRP is to provide interested countries with access to non-proprietary technologies and methods to produce Mo-99 using LEU foil or LEU mini-plate targets, or for the utilization of n,gamma neutron activation, e.g. through the use of gel generators. The project has made further progress since the RERTR 2006 meeting, with a Technical Workshop on Operational Aspects of Mo99 Production held 28-30 November 2006 in Vienna and the Second Research Coordination Meeting held in Bucharest, Romania 16-20 April 2007. The paper describes activities carried out as noted above, and as well as the provision of LEU foils to a number of participants, and the progress by a number of groups in preparing for LEU target assembly and disassembly, irradiation, chemical processing, and waste management. The participants' progress in particular on thermal hydraulics computations required for using LEU targets is notable, as also the progress in gel generator plant operations in India and Kazakhstan. Poland has joined as a new research agreement holder and an application by Egypt to be a contract holder is undergoing internal review in the IAEA and is expected to be approved. The IAEA has also participated in several open meetings of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences Study on Producing Medical Radioisotopes without HEU, which will also be discussed in the paper. (author)

Goldman, Ira N.; Adelfang, Pablo [Division of Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Waste Technology, International Atomic Energy Agency, Wagramer Strasse 5, P.O. Box 100, A-1400 Vienna (Austria)], E-mail: I.Goldman@iaea.org, E-mail: P.Adelfang@iaea.org; Ramamoorthy, Natesan [Division of Physical and Chemical Sciences, International Atomic Energy Agency, Wagramer Strasse 5, P.O. Box 100, A-1400 Vienna (Austria)], E-mail: N.Ramamoorthy@iaea.org

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

327

Silo Storage Preconceptual Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) has a need to develop and field a low-cost option for the long-term storage of a variety of radiological material. The storage options primary requirement is to provide both environmental and physical protection of the materials. Design criteria for this effort require a low initial cost and minimum maintenance over a 50-year design life. In 1999, Argonne National Laboratory-West was tasked with developing a dry silo storage option for the BN-350 Spent Fuel in Aktau Kazakhstan. Argons design consisted of a carbon steel cylinder approximately 16 ft long, 18 in. outside diameter and 0.375 in. wall thickness. The carbon steel silo was protected from corrosion by a duplex coating system consisting of zinc and epoxy. Although the study indicated that the duplex coating design would provide a design life well in excess of the required 50 years, the review board was concerned because of the novelty of the design and the lack of historical use. In 2012, NNSA tasked Idaho National Laboratory (INL) with reinvestigating the silo storage concept and development of alternative corrosion protection strategies. The 2012 study, Silo Storage Concepts, Cathodic Protection Options Study (INL/EST-12-26627), concludes that the option which best fits the design criterion is a passive cathotic protection scheme, consisting of a carbon steel tube coated with zinc or a zinc-aluminum alloy encapsulated in either concrete or a cement grout. The hot dipped zinc coating option was considered most efficient, but the flame-sprayed option could be used if a thicker zinc coating was determined to be necessary.

Stephanie L. Austad; Patrick W. Bragassa; Kevin M Croft; David S Ferguson; Scott C Gladson; Annette L Shafer; John H Weathersby

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Remediation of former uranium mining and milling activities in Central Asia  

SciTech Connect

Available in abstract form only. Full text of publication follows: Several of the Central Asian countries of the former Soviet Union were involved in the uranium mining and milling industry from about 1945 for varying periods until the break up of the Soviet Union in 1991 and beyond. Some facilities are still producing in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. However, before the break up, many facilities had been abandoned and in only a few cases had any remediation been undertaken. Since 1991 the newly independent states of the region have been seeking assistance for the remediation of the multitude of tailings piles, waste rock stockpiles and abandoned, and often semi dismantled, production facilities that may be found throughout the region. Many of these sites are close to settlements that were established as service towns for the mines. Most towns still have populations, although the mining industry has departed. In some instances there are cases of pollution and contamination and in many locations there is a significant level of public concern. The IAEA has been undertaking a number of Technical Cooperation (TC) projects throughout the region for some time to strengthen the institutions in the relevant states and assist them to establish monitoring and surveillance programs as an integral part of the long term remediation process. The IAEA is liaising with other agencies and donors who are also working on these problems to optimise the remediation effort. The paper describes the objectives and operation of the main TC regional program, liaison efforts with other agencies, the achievements so far and the long term issues for remediation of these legacies of the 'cold war' era. (authors)

Waggitt, Peter [International Atomic Energy Agency - IAEA, Wagramer Strasse 5, P.O. Box 100 - 1400 Vienna (Austria)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

The Future of Nuclear Energy: Facts and Fiction: An update using 2009/2010 Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An update of our 2009 study, "The Future of Nuclear Energy, Facts and Fiction" using the 2009 and the available 2010 data, including a critical look at the just published 2009 edition of the Red Book, is presented. Since January 2009, eight reactors with a capacity of 4.9 GWe have been connected to the electric grid and four older reactors, with a combined capacity of 2.64 GWe have been terminated. Furthermore, 27 reactor constructions, dominated by China (18) and Russia (4), have been initiated. The nuclear fission produced electric energy in 2009 followed the slow decline, observed since 2007, with a total production of 2560 TWhe, 41 TWhe (1.6%) less than in 2008 and roughly 100 TWhe less than in the record year 2006. The preliminary data from the first 10 months of 2010 in the OECD countries indicate that nuclear power production in North-America remained at the 2009 levels, while one observes a recovery in Europe with an increase of 2.5% and a strong rise of 5% in the OECD Asia-Pacific area compared to the same period in 2009. Worldwide uranium mining has increased during 2009 by about 7000 tons to almost 51000 tons. Still roughly 18000 tons of the 2010 world uranium requirements need to be provided from the civilian and military reserves. Perhaps the most remarkable new data from the just published 2009 edition of the Red Book, are that (1) the best understood RAR (reasonable assured) and IR (inferred) resources, with a price tag of less than 40 US dollars/Kg, have been inconsistently absorbed in the two to three times higher price categories and (2) uranium mining in Kazakhstan is presented with a short lifetime. The presented mining capacity numbers indicate an uranium extraction peak of 28000 tons during the years 2015-2020, from which it will decline quickly to 14000 tons by 2025 and to only 5000-6000 tons by 2035.

Michael Dittmar

2011-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

330

105(scaled land 215%)7-22-05  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

G G U Y A N A S U R I N A M F R E N C H G U I A N A E S T O N IA L A T V I A L I T H . S L O V E N I A C R O A T I A S E R B - M O N T A L B A N I A T O G O B E N I N B O S N I A - H E R Z E G O V I N A G H A N A A U S T R I A B E L G I U M A F G H A N I S T A N U Z B E K I S T A N T U R K M E N I S T A N N E P A L L U X S W I T Z I T A L Y A N D O R R A MACEDON INTERNATIONAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AND COOPERATION National Nuclear Security Administration G R E E N L A N D I C E L A N D S W E D E N F I N L A N D R U S S I A N O R W A Y D E N M A R K U N I T E D C A N A D A K I N G D O M N E T H B E L A R U S P O L A N D G E R M A N Y I R E L A N D C Z E C H U K R A I N E SLOVAKIA K A Z A K H S T A N M F R A N C E HUNGARY M O L D O V A O N G O L I A R O M A N I A B U L G A R I A G E O R G I A KYRGYZSTAN IA A Z E R B A I J A N A R M E N I A P O R T U G A L N O R T H S P A I N U N I T E D S T A T E S O F A M E R I C A K O R E A T U R K E Y T A J I K I S T A N G R E E C E J A P A N S Y R I A S O U T H K O R E A T U N I S I A C Y P R U S C H I N A M O R O C C O L E B A N O N I R A Q I R A N I S R A E L J O R D A

331

Romania: Brand-New Engineering Solutions  

SciTech Connect

The HEU spent nuclear fuel transport from Romania was a pilot project in the framework of the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR), being the first fully certified spent nuclear fuel shipment by air. The successful implementation of the Romanian shipment also brought various new technology in the program, further used by other participating countries. Until 2009, the RRRFR program repatriated to the Russian Federation HEU spent nuclear fuel of Russian origin from many countries, like Uzbekistan, Czech Republic, Latvia, Hungary, Kazakhstan and Bulgaria. The means of transport used were various; from specialized TK-5 train for the carriage of Russian TUK-19 transport casks, to platform trains for 20 ft freight ISO containers carrying Czech Skoda VPVR/M casks; from river barge on the Danube, to vessel on the Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean. Initially, in 2005, the transport plan of the HEU spent nuclear fuel from the National Institute for R&D in Nuclear Physics and Nuclear Engineering 'Horia Hulubei' in Magurele, Romania considered a similar scheme, using the specialized TK-5 train transiting Ukraine to the destination point in the Russian Federation, or, as an alternative, using the means and route of the spent nuclear fuel periodically shipped from the Bulgarian nuclear power plant Kosloduy (by barge on the Danube, and by train through Ukraine to the Russian Federation). Due to impossibility to reach an agreement in due time with the transit country, in February 2007 the US, Russian and Romanian project partners decided to adopt the air shipment of the spent nuclear fuel as prime option, eliminating the need for agreements with any transit countries. By this time the spent nuclear fuel inspections were completed, proving the compliance of the burn-up parameters with the international requirements for air shipments of radioactive materials. The short air route avoiding overflying of any other countries except the country of origin and the country of destination also contributed to the decision making in this issue. The efficient project management and cooperation between the three countries (Russia, Romania and USA) made possible, after two and a half years of preparation work, for the first fully certified spent nuclear fuel air shipment to take place on 29th of June 2009, from Romanian airport 'Henri Coanda' to the Russian airport 'Koltsovo' near Yekaterinburg. One day before that, after a record period of 3 weeks of preparation, another HEU cargo was shipped by air from Romanian Institute for Nuclear Research in Pitesti to Russia, containing fresh pellets and therefore making Romania the third HEU-free country in the RRRFR program.

Ken Allen; Lucian Biro; Nicolae Zamfir; Madalina Budu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Application of Nuclear Energy for Seawater Desalination: Design Concepts of Nuclear Desalination Plants  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear energy is playing an important role in electricity generation, producing 16% of the world's electricity. However, most of the world's energy consumption is in the form of heat, in which case nuclear energy could also play an important role. In particular, process heat for seawater desalination using nuclear energy has been of growing interest to some Member States of the International Atomic Energy Agency over the past two decades. This growing interest stems from increasingly acute freshwater shortages in many arid and semi-arid zones around the world. Indeed, several national and international nuclear desalination demonstration programs are already under way or being planned. Of particular interest are projects for seawater nuclear desalination plants in coastal regions, where saline feed water can serve the dual purpose of cooling water for the nuclear reactor and as feed water for the desalination plant. In principle any nuclear reactor can provide energy (low-grade heat and/or electricity), as required by desalination processes. However, there are some additional requirements to be met under specific conditions in order to introduce nuclear desalination. Technical issues include meeting more stringent safety requirements (nuclear reactors themselves and nuclear-desalination integrated complexes in particular), and performance improvement of the integrated systems. Economic competitiveness is another important factor to be considered for a broader deployment of nuclear desalination. For technical robustness and economic competitiveness a number of design variants of coupling configurations of nuclear desalination integrated plant concepts are being evaluated. This paper identifies and discusses various factors, which support the attractiveness of nuclear desalination. It further summarizes some of the key approaches recommended for nuclear desalination complex design and gives an overview of various design concepts of nuclear desalination plants, which are experienced, being implemented or evaluated by several IAEA Member States. Operating experience with nuclear desalination using a liquid-metal reactor BN-350 in Kazakhstan and several Pressurized Water Reactor units in Japan is discussed. Results of economic analyses of nuclear desalination are also presented in order to illustrate the competitiveness of this technology with other conventional desalination operations. (authors)

Faibish, R.S.; Konishi, T.; Gasparini, M. [International Atomic Energy Agency - IAEA, P.O. Box 100, Wagramer Strasse 5, A-1400 Vienna (Austria)

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Developments in the Nuclear Safeguards and Security Engineering Degree Program at Tomsk Polytechnic University  

SciTech Connect

Over the last six years, Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU) has developed a 5 year engineering degree program in the field of Material Protection Control and Accounting (MPC&A). In 2009 the first students graduated with this new degree. There were 25 job offers from nuclear fuel cycle enterprises of Russia and Kazakhstan for 17 graduates of the program. Due to the rather wide selection of workplaces, all graduates have obtained positions at nuclear enterprises. The program was developed within the Applied Physics and Engineering Department (APED). The laboratory and methodological base has been created taking into consideration the experience of the similar program at the Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (MEPhI). However, the TPU program has some distinguishing features such as the inclusion of special courses pertaining to fuel enrichment and reprocessing. During the last two years, three MPC&A laboratories have been established at APED. This was made possible due to several factors such as establishment of the State innovative educational program at TPU, assistance of the U.S. Department of Energy through Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Los Alamos National Laboratory, and the financial support of the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority and some Russian private companies. All three of the MPC&A laboratories are part of the Innovative Educational Center Nuclear Technologies and Non-Proliferation, which deals with many topics including research activities, development of new curricula for experts training and retraining, and training of masters students. In 2008, TPU developed a relationship with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), which was familiarized with APEDs current resources and activities. The IAEA has shown interest in creation of a masters degree educational program in the field of nuclear security at TPU. A future objective is to acquaint nuclear fuel cycle enterprises with new APED capabilities and involve the enterprises in the scientific and educational projects implemented through the Nuclear Technologies and Non-Proliferation Center. This paper describes the development of the MPC&A engineering degree program and future goals of TPU in the field of nonproliferation education.

Boiko, Vladimir I.; Demyanyuk, Dmitry G.; Silaev, Maxim E.; Duncan, Cristen L.; Heinberg, Cynthia L.; Killinger, Mark H.; Goodey, Kent O.; Butler, Gilbert W.

2009-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

334

Cogeneration of Electricity and Potable Water Using The International Reactor Innovative And Secure (IRIS) Design  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The worldwide demand for potable water has been steadily growing and is projected to accelerate, driven by a continued population growth and industrialization of emerging countries. This growth is reflected in a recent market survey by the World Resources Institute, which shows a doubling in the installed capacity of seawater desalination plants every ten years. The production of desalinated water is energy intensive, requiring approximately 3-6 kWh/m3 of produced desalted water. At current U.S. water use rates, a dedicated 1000 MW power plant for every one million people would be required to meet our water needs with desalted water. Nuclear energy plants are attractive for large scale desalination application. The thermal energy produced in a nuclear plant can provide both electricity and desalted water without the production of greenhouse gases. A particularly attractive option for nuclear desalination is to couple a desalination plant with an advanced, modular, passively safe reactor design. The use of small-to-medium sized nuclear power plants allows for countries with smaller electrical grid needs and infrastructure to add new electrical and water capacity in more appropriate increments and allows countries to consider siting plants at a broader number of distributed locations. To meet these needs, a modified version of the International Reactor Innovative and Secure (IRIS) nuclear power plant design has been developed for the cogeneration of electricity and desalted water. The modular, passively safe features of IRIS make it especially well adapted for this application. Furthermore, several design features of the IRIS reactor will ensure a safe and reliable source of energy and water even for countries with limited nuclear power experience and infrastructure. The IRIS-D design utilizes low-quality steam extracted from the low-pressure turbine to boil seawater in a multi-effect distillation desalination plant. The desalination plant is based on the horizontal tube film evaporation design used successfully with the BN-350 nuclear plant in Aktau, Kazakhstan. Parametric studies have been performed to optimize the balance of plant design. Also, an economic analysis has been performed, which shows that IRIS-D should be able to provide electricity and clean water at highly competitive costs.

Ingersoll, D.T.; Binder, J.L.; Kostin, V.I.; Panov, Y.K.; Polunichev, V.; Ricotti, M.E.; Conti, D.; Alonso, G.

2004-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

335

Reactor materials study of EBR-II and BN350  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this research is to go through the technical review of how the body of information relating to the in-reactor behavior of structural materials of Experimental Breeder Reactor-II (EBR-II) and BN350 are associated. Such an effort would lead to reviewing and combining the data from both sides as it concerns important issues for the Light Water Reactor (LWR) and fast reactor communities. The most important issue is the applicability of the BN350 and EBR-II data for the studies on prolonging the lifetime of LWRs. EBR-II and BN350 are sodium cooled fast reactors that had operated for more than twenty-five years. Studies to review and compile the existing reactor materials data for the purpose of this thesis were completed both in the U.S. and in Kazakhstan. The compilation, comparison and combination of the data was done by developing several databases using SQL software. The BN350 data on ultimate tensile strength and total elongation depending on swelling have been shown. The BN350 data is over a large swelling range (0-15 %) and reveals total consumption of ductility and strength as the amount of swelling reaches high values. The BN350 data is an important example supporting other studies that show a dominant correlation between swelling and mechanical property loss in the high swelling range (>10 %). Different forms of axial strain data from both reactors, which could be of use in reactor control and decommissioning studies, are presented, as well. The swelling formulations developed for Russian and American austenitic steels before reaching steady-state conditions are compared, and possible applications of the formulation for Russian steels to some compositionally similar American steels have been discussed. The effects of slight composition and metallurgical condition differences on swelling are stated to explain the possible differences between the data points of American steel and the predictions for the corresponding Russian steel. Some of the compiled data on ferritic/martensitic steels are presented showing their better mechanical property and swelling behaviors in the EBR-II and BN350 exposure conditions.

Yilmaz, Fatma

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

REPORT OF THE ISS OSI INVITED MEETING, VIENNA, 24-27 MARCH, 2009  

SciTech Connect

The International Scientific Studies project (ISS) was initiated in early 2008 with the objective of creating a series of activities aimed at application of modern scientific methods to improve the efficiency of analysis and the quality of verification of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO). The ISS On-Site Inspection (OSI) Invited Meeting convened on March 24, 2009 with the objectives of gaining a better understanding of the phenomenology of underground nuclear explosions (UNE) for OSI purposes and to identify areas of interest to OSI that could benefit significantly from contributions by the general scientific community. Fifteen invited experts from four countries, along with fifteen members of the OSI Division of the Provisional Technical Secretariat (PTS) met for four days at the Vienna International Center in an informal setting to discuss the application of observational methods, geophysical techniques, radionuclide measurement methods, environmental sampling methods, drilling techniques, and information management in the context UNE phenomena and OSI implementation. The meeting began with the identification and description of two general OSI scenarios, a vertical borehole emplacement and a horizontal tunnel emplacement, that serve as general examples of past UNE testing activities that can be used as a reference to identify UNE phenomena relevant for OSI observations. A significant portion of the first day of the meeting was spent in the description of the details of these scenarios and their implications for OSI observables. This discussion then served as a foundation for the discussions of the following three days in which OSI methods and technologies were evaluated in the context of UNE phenomenology and signatures. The methods and technologies discussed included visual observation from air and ground, radiation detection from the air, ground, and subsurface, ground-based and airborne geophysical observations and analysis, collection strategies for air, water, and solid samples, drilling concepts, and aspects of data fusion, information management, and modeling and simulation. The informal setting of the meeting provided a 'brainstorming' atmosphere and participation was excellent. One important aspect of this particular group was the very wide breadth of experience and expertise represented, ranging from those sharing their knowledge of UNE testing practice, radiological measurements and sampling, and knowledge of the underground effects of UNEs, to those with extensive experience in scientific and commercial geophysical measurements and surveys, to others with rich experience gained from several OSI field exercises, including the recent OSI Integrated Field Exercise in held in Kazakhstan in September 2008. During the workshop a number of topic areas relevant to OSI, explained in the list below, were identified that will benefit from collaboration with the international scientific community. Most of the topics represent the potential for studies of long-term interest, but some topics were identified that could be addressed, either by workshop participants or others known to the participants, that could be included as abstracts for submission to the ISS meeting taking place in June 2009. Items with topics that could be covered in the June meeting are annotated in the list. The meeting ended with the general understanding that ISS will not be completed with the June 2009 Conference. Rather, the ISS is considered as a long term project sponsoring relevant ongoing international scientific initiatives to expand and improve the verification capabilities of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty.

Sweeney, J J

2009-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

337

Changes in Russia's Military and Nuclear Doctrine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 1993, the Russian Federation set out a new military doctrine that would determine the direction of its armed forces until President Putin set out the next doctrine in 2000. The Russian Federation creating the doctrine was new; the USSR had recently collapsed, Gorbachev - the creator of the predecessor to this doctrine in 1987 - was out of office, and the new Russian military had only been formed in May, 1992.1 The analysis of the 1993 doctrine is as follows: a definition of how doctrine is defined; a short history of Russian military doctrine leading up to the 1993 doctrine (officially the Basic Provisions of the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation); and finally, what the doctrine established. An overview of the 1993 doctrine is: (1) Russia's 1993 doctrine was a return to older, more aggressive doctrine as a result of stability concerns surrounding the recent collapse of the USSR; (2) Russia turned from Gorbachev's 'defensive defense' in the 1987 doctrine to aggressive defense with the option of preempting or striking back against an aggressor; (3) Russia was deeply concerned about how nationalism would affect the former Soviet Republics, particularly in respect to the ethnic Russians still living abroad; and (4) Nuclear doctrine pledged to not be the first to use nuclear weapons but provided for the potential for escalation from a conventional to a nuclear war. The 2000 doctrine (officially the Russian Federation Military Doctrine) was created in a more stable world than the 1993 doctrine was. The Russian Federation had survived independence and the 'threat of direct military aggression against the Russian Federation and its allies' had diminished. It had secured all of the nuclear weapons from its neighbors Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan, and had elected a new president, Vladimir Putin, to replace Boris Yeltsin. Yet, even as the doctrine took more defensive tones than the 1993 doctrine, it expanded its nuclear options. Below are a new definition of what doctrine meant in 2000 and an outline of the 2000 doctrine. An overview of the 2000 doctrine is: (1) The 2000 doctrine was a return to a more defensive posture; the threat of nuclear retaliation, rather than that of preemptive force, would be its deterrence; (2) In order to strengthen its nuclear deterrence, Russia extended and redefined the cases in which nuclear weapons could be used to include a wider range of conflict types and a larger spectrum of attackers; and (3) Russia's threats changed to reflect its latest fear of engaging in a limited conflict with no prospect of the use of nuclear deterrence. In 2006, the defense minister and deputy prime minister Sergei Ivanov announced that the government was starting on a draft of a future doctrine. Four years later, in 2010, the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation was put into effect with the intent of determining Russian doctrine until 2020. The 2010 doctrine, like all previous doctrines, was a product of the times in which it was written. Gone were many of the fears that had followed Russia for the past two decades. Below are an examination of the 2010 definition of doctrine as well as a brief analysis of the 2010 doctrine and its deviations from past doctrines. An overview of the 2010 doctrine is: (1) The new doctrine emphasizes the political centralization of command both in military policy and the use of nuclear weapons; (2) Nuclear doctrine remains the same in many aspects including the retention of first-use; (3) At the same time, doctrine was narrowed to using nuclear weapons only when the Russian state's existence is in danger; to continue strong deterrence, Russia also opted to follow the United States by introducing precision conventional weapons; (4) NATO is defined as Russia's primary external threat because of its increased global presence and its attempt to recruit states that are part of the Russian 'bloc'; and (5) The 2000 doctrine's defensive stance was left out of the doctrine; rumored options for use of nuclear weapons in local wars and in preemptive strikes were also left out.

Wolkov, Benjamin M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Balatsky, Galya I. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-26T23:59:59.000Z