Sample records for kazakhstan kyrgyzstan tajikistan

  1. The Post-Soviet Development of Elite-Level Athletics in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silecky, Matej

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Browse Olympic Athletes:  Kyrgyzstan; NBC Olympics. ” athletes/nation=kyrgyzstan/index.html.   “Browse Olympic Games by Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan,  Turkmenistan 

  2. The Post-Soviet Development of Elite-Level Athletics in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silecky, Matej

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    athletes/nation=kazakhstan/index.html.   “Browse Olympic Committee, Republic of Kazakhstan. ” Accessed October 17, Browse Olympic Athletes:  Kazakhstan; NBC Olympics. ” 

  3. International Symposium KYRGYZSTAN, 13-18 JUNE 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    International Symposium KYRGYZSTAN, 13-18 JUNE 2011 Pastoralism in Central Asia: Status, Challenges of Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and southeastern Kazakhstan, as well as those in eastern Afghanistan, western China

  4. Kyrgyzstan: Problems, opportunities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Banks, J.; Ebel, R. (International Resources Group, Washington, DC (United States))

    1993-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Kyrgyzstan is a country of 4.3 million persons in Central Asia with Kazakhstan bordering to the north, China to the southeast, Uzbekistan to the west, and Tajikistan to the southwest. Among Kyrgyzstan's major ethnic groups, Kyrgyz account of 52% of the population, Russians 22%, and Uzbeks 13%. Since independence Sept. 7, 1991, from the Soviet Union, Kyrgyzstan has found itself in a very difficult position. The situation in the energy sector is particularly strained. Oil and gas production are minimal, there are no refineries in the country, and all petroleum products are brought in from Russia, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan. Natural gas in supplied from Turkmenistan. Although there are domestic reserves of coal, imports from Russia and Kazakhstan account for 55% of supply. However, there is significant hydropower potential in Kyrgyzstan. Energy officials have clearly identified development of this resource as the path to energy independence and economic progress. An overview of Kyrgyzstan's energy sector is given in this article for crude oil, natural gas, coal resources, electrical power, and investment opportunities.

  5. Drunk On Oil: Russian Foreign Policy 2000-2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brugato, Thomas

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan isArmenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan upgradedTajikistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan is formed. 9 2

  6. Causes and Consequences of Second Language Education: A Global Analysis From 1980 to the Present

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coyne, Gary

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, TurkmenistanKazakhstan Kuwait * Kyrgyzstan * Laos Latvia Lebanon

  7. Muslim Women at a Crossroads: Gender and Development in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Cindy

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    8    Yr 2000  Yr 2008  Kyrgyzstan  Uzbekistan  Pakistan China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan, the

  8. The Post-Soviet Development of Elite-Level Athletics in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silecky, Matej

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    like ski areas and ice rinks that are  uncommon in Central a federation, including an ice rink in  the country and a 

  9. Increasing State Capacity Through Clans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyle, Jr, Thomas Martin

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Moldova, Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan”. World Bank Report. kazakhstan/>. EIU (EconomistAsian countries of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan,

  10. Increasing State Capacity Through Clans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyle, Jr, Thomas Martin

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, andstudy extends through Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistancause of state failure in Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan due to

  11. International Migration and Human Rights: The Global Repercussions of U.S. Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martínez, Samuel

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guinea, Guyana, Honduras, Kyrgyzstan, Libya, Mali, Mexico,including Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan,ee to Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, where there are large

  12. Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkanov, Boris

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Belorussia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, andSenior people from Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan,gas from Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan. With the

  13. Explaining ratification of human rights treaties : signaling for aid during regional crises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Heather Michelle

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan,2001a. “The Economy of Kazakhstan,” in Central Asia:In September of 1993 Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan,

  14. 81921Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 249 / Wednesday, December 29, 2010 / Rules and Regulations 252.2257044 Balance of Payments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, or Uzbekistan. ``SC/CASA state construction material'' means, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, or Uzbekistan. SC/CASA state construction

  15. USAID Regional Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Collaborative Research Support (CRSP)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biolaboratory, Kyrgyzstan - Advisory Training Center of Rural Advisory Services (ATC-RAS), Kyrgyzstan - Agricultural Extension Training Center (TES), Osh, Kyrgyzstan - Tacis/SITAF, Kulob, Kyrgyzstan - International centers (IARCs), and NGOs from Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan attended this Forum

  16. Coal resources of Kyrgyzstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Landis, E.R.; Bostick, N.H.; Gluskoter, H.J.; Johnson, E.A. [Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States); Harrison, C.D. [CQ Inc., Homer City, PA (United States); Huber, D.W.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The rugged, mountainous country of Kyrgyzstan contains about one-half of the known coal resources of central Asia (a geographic and economic region that also includes Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan and Turkmenistan). Coal of Jurassic age is present in eight regions in Kyrgyzstan in at least 64 different named localities. Significant coal occurrences of about the same age are present in the central Asian countries of Kazakhstan, China, and Russia. Separation of the coal-bearing rocks into individual deposits results more than earth movements before and during formation of the present-day mountains and basins of the country than from deposition in separate basins.Separation was further abetted by deep erosion and removal of the coal-bearing rocks from many areas, followed by covering of the remaining coal-bearing rocks by sands and gravels of Cenozoic age. The total resources of coal in Kyrgyzstan have been reported as about 30 billion tons. In some of the reported localities, the coal resources are known and adequately explored. In other parts of the republic, the coal resources are inadequately understood or largely unexplored. The resource and reserve inventory of Kyrgyzstan is at best incomplete; for some purposes, such as short-term local and long-range national planning, it may be inadequate. Less than 8% of the total estimated resources are categorized as recoverable reserves, and the amount that is economically recoverable is unknown. The coal is largely of subbituminous and high-volatile C bituminous rank, most has low and medium ash and sulfur contents, and coals of higher rank (some with coking qualities) are present in one region. It is recommended that appropriate analyses and tests be made during planning for utilization.

  17. Ties That Do Not Bind: Russia and the International Liberal Order

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krickovic, Andrej

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a major airbase in Kant Kyrgyzstan that is located less thanBelarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and TajikistanStar On Rise Again In Kyrgyzstan”, Radio Free Europe-Radio

  18. Encephalitis Virus, Kyrgyzstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Robert J.

    Tick-Borne Encephalitis Virus, Kyrgyzstan Benjamin J. Briggs, Barry Atkinson, Donna M. Czechowski-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) is an emerging pathogen in Europe and Asia. We investigated TBEV in Kyrgyzstan. We found TBEV circulating in Kyrgyzstan much farther south and at higher altitudes than previously

  19. Coping with changing water resources: The case of the Syr Darya river basin in Central Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoffel, Markus

    valve to the entire Syr Darya river system, the Toktogul reservoir in Kyrgyzstan could take over more than four million square kilometres, the post-Soviet states of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan

  20. Contacts at Regional Coordination Offices West Africa Bassirou Bonfoh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Mira Arynova Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan mira.arynova@ucentralasia.org www.nccr-central-asia.org South Asia- Aletsch Kyrgyzstan Tajikistan Kazakhstan Uzbekistan Thailand Laos Vietnam China (Yunnan Province) Cambodia

  1. CHINA KYRGYZSTAN UZBEKISTAN TURKMENISTAN TURKEY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dorf, Martin E.

    CHINA · KYRGYZSTAN · UZBEKISTAN TURKMENISTAN · TURKEY The Ultimate Silk Road Journey: From Xian through the mountains and deserts of Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan, and on through vibrant and continue along the fabled route to Western China, mountainous Kyrgyzstan, the blue-tiled Silk Road oases

  2. Coping with Change: Understanding Transformation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    KYRGYZSTAN TAJIKISTAN UZBEKISTAN K A Z A K H S T A N A F G H A N I S TA N PAKISTAN I R A N C H I N A T U R K M E N I S T A N R U S S I A UZBEKISTAN K A Z A K H S T A N KYRGYZSTAN TAJIKISTAN AZERBAIJAN KUWAIT, if not millennia, large parts of contemporary Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan were home

  3. The Transformation of Askar Akaev, President of Kyrgyzstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spector, Regine A.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    According to Eckstein, Kyrgyzstan would be a "least-likely"A. Akayev: The First President of Independent Kyrgyzstan,"Kyrgyzstan, Akaev's motivations for joining the Communist

  4. Mobile Social Software for the Developing World Beth E. Kolko1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. This project, the Central Asia + Information of ways. To further explore this emerging trend, we conducted a design ethnography in Kyrgyzstan in July­2003 and in Kyrgyzstan in 2003­2004. The CAICT project designed the survey instrument and contracted the survey firm BRIF

  5. Sustainable development and comprehensive capital : The post-Soviet decline of Central Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sievers, Eric

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The general post-Soviet decline of the states of Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan) mirrors specific declines in the robustness of these states' stocks of financial, physical, ...

  6. Essays on the Economics of Environmental Issues: The Environmental Kuznets Curve to Optimal Energy Portfolios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meininger, Aaron G.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Jordan Kazakhstan Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lebanon Saudi ArabiaJordan Kazakhstan Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lebanon Saudi Arabia

  7. Leviathan in the Tropics? : environment, state capacity, and civil conflict in the developing world

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hendrix, Cullen Stevenson

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pakistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan)Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania,

  8. Cities, states, and trust networks: chapter 1 of Cities and States in World History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tilly, Charles

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan,now in Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan) during the second century

  9. Progress Toward Remediation of Uranium Tailings in Mailuu-Suu, Kyrgyzstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buckley, P B; Ranville, J; Honeyman, B D; Smith, D K; Rosenberg, N; Knapp, R B

    2003-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The town of Mailuu-Suu in Kyrgyzstan inherited 23 distinct tailings deposits from Soviet-Era uranium mining operations. Mailuu-Suu is located in the narrow landslide-prone valley of the Mailuu-Suu River about 25 km from the Uzbekistan border. Large-scale release of the radioactive tailings, as a result of landslides, could lead to irreversible contamination of the river and downstream areas. The Mailuu-Suu River is a tributary to the Syr-Darya River, the Fergana valley's main source of irrigation water. The Fergana Valley is a key agricultural region and major population center that spans Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. The trans-boundary nature of the Mailuu-Suu tailings issue presents an opportunity for collaboration among these Central Asian states. A cooperative approach to addressing environmental issues such as Mailuu-Suu may contribute to the region's stability by facilitating peaceful associations. Experience from remediation of sites in the US under the Uranium Mill Tailings Remediation Action Project (UMTRA) will be useful in progressing toward remediation at Mailuu-Suu.

  10. Kyrgyzstan starts up its first refinery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McLeod, G. [Petrofac LLC, Tyler, TX (United States)

    1997-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The Central Asian republic of Kyrgyzstan started up its first oil refinery in October 1996. The 10,000 b/d plant is designed to produce gasoline, diesel, and mazut (heavy fuel oil) from local Kyrgyz crude. Before construction of the Jalalabad refinery, all finished petroleum products were imported from neighboring countries. Kyrgyzstan`s demand for finished products is about 40,000 b/d. The new refinery was designed and constructed by Petrofac of Tyler, Texas, on behalf of Kyrgoil Corp., Calgary. Kyrgoil is a partner with the Kyrgyz state oil company, Kyrgyzsneft, in a venture called Kyrzgyz Petroleum Co. (KPC). KPC has undertaken restoration and continued development of the oil fields in Kyrgyzstan`s Fergana basin, in addition to the refinery project. The company also has marketing rights for finished products within Kyrgyzstan. The refinery comprises: a hydroskimming (atmospheric distillation) section, diesel steam stripping, gasoline blending, and utilities and off-sites, including steam generation, power generation, tank farm, truck and rail tank-car loading and unloading facilities, crude inlet pipeline, high-voltage power line, substation, air compression, laboratory, and maintenance facilities.

  11. Representative Seroprevalences of Brucellosis in Humans and Livestock in Kyrgyzstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Representative Seroprevalences of Brucellosis in Humans and Livestock in Kyrgyzstan Bassirou Bonfoh), 60 Togolok Moldo Street, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan 3 Veterinary Public Health Institute, Vetsuisse Faculty, Swiss Red Cross, 187/1 Sydykova Street, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan 5 Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute

  12. Kazakhstan receiving acreage applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1995-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Kazakhstan is receiving applications for exploration and development rights to large tracts in the central and eastern parts of the republic. The program is part of a country-wide effort to attract more foreign investigators to help underwrite massive industrial privatization aimed at revitalizing Kazakhstan's economy. A delegation of Kazakh officials visited Houston the last week in November to publicize petroleum opportunities in the republic and appeared Dec. 1--2 at a conference to present an overview of Kazakhstan's petroleum prospectivity. Officials also reviewed recently approved legal, financial, and environmental legislation intended to improve the attractiveness of investing in Kazakhstan's energy sector. This paper discusses the status of development, gives a geologic overview, and highlights the geology of the South Torgay and Teniz basins.

  13. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ireland Israel Italy — V Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan LatviaIreland Israel Italy Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia LithuaniaIreland Israel Italy Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania

  14. WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO World Health Organization

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    not reported Kazakhstan None Kyrgyzstan Latvia LithuaniaItaly Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania LuxembourgItaly Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg

  15. Assessing Variation in Wildlife Biodiversity in the Tien Shan Mountains of Kyrgyzstan Using Ancillary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    Assessing Variation in Wildlife Biodiversity in the Tien Shan Mountains of Kyrgyzstan Using of Kyrgyzstan and assessed their usefulness for biodiversity surveys of larger animal species. The study: Camera-trapping; biodiversity; conservation; mammals; protected areas; Tien Shan Mountains; Kyrgyzstan

  16. Natural Resources in Kyrgyzstan: The Tragedy and Glory of the `Private'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    152 Natural Resources in Kyrgyzstan: The Tragedy and Glory of the `Private' Christine Bichsel, Central Asian Mountain Partnership (CAMP), Kyrgyzstan; Ulan Kasymov, CAMP; Bernd Steimann, Development characterised natural resource institutions in Kyrgyzstan since 1991. First, while natural resources were

  17. Post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan: Between Nationalism and Nation-State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Artman, Vincent

    2014-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Vincent M. Artman 1 Post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan: Between Nationalism and Nation-State In December of 2011, shortly after becoming the President of the Kyrgyz Republic, Almazbek Atambayev told a crowd of Kyrgyz and Uzbeks “only together are we... Kyrgyzstan,” adding “those who try to divide us according to nationality and region are enemies of the nation.”1 At other times, Atambayev has claimed that nationalism is the “main problem” in Kyrgyzstan.2 It is not difficult to see why this should...

  18. Water and Women’s Empowerment in the Ferghana Valley: Agency of Older Women from Soviet Era in Contemporary Rural Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dhanju, Richa

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Era in Contemporary Rural Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan AbstractUzbek) and nationalities (Kyrgyzstan & Uzbekistan) perceivevillages, especially in Kyrgyzstan. The younger women of the

  19. KazaKhstan and theworld economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    KazaKhstan and theworld economy: an assessment of Kazakhstan's trade policy and pending accession,Razeen Sally,and Pierre- Olivier LegaultTremblay. #12;ExEcutivE Summary Kazakhstan has been negotiating are of greater com- plexity and political sensitivity. What sets Kazakhstan-- and other countries within its

  20. WHO Technical Manual on Tobacco Tax Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Nepal, New Zealand, Papua Newonly Gambia Ghana Kenya Kyrgyzstan Malawi Nepal Papua New

  1. Explaining competitive currencies : domestic politics, international trade, and exchange rate valuation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pisa, Michael A.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guatemala Hungary Moldova US Kyrgyzstan Portugal PhilippinesTunisia Kazakhstan Egypt Kyrgyzstan Portugal Indonesia

  2. Risky neighbors and co-ethnic groups : the political logic of fiscal grants in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeong, Jihyeon; Jeong, Jihyeon

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Myanmar (Burma), and Kyrgyzstan as well as stable statesKazakhstan, North Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal,ethnics in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. challenges. In order

  3. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan*, Latvia, Lebanon*,Italy — V Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania LuxembourgItaly Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg

  4. Legislating for smoke-free workplaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1985), Kazakhstan (1996), Kyrgyzstan (1992), Latvia (1993),Not applicable C148 C155 Kyrgyzstan Latvia X Not applicableBan Ban Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg

  5. FSU/Eastern Europe: Russia spearheads small upturn

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses the political and legal scene in Russia, domestic restructuring, exploration, drilling, development by Western companies and by Russian companies, and production. Exploration and development in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia are also discussed.

  6. AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina Angola Armenia Bolivia Benin Azerbaijan Senegal Syria Seychelles Taiwan (Republic of China) Sierra Leone Tajikistan Somalia Thailand South Africa Kazakhstan Guinea Korea (North) Guinea-Bissau Korea (South) Kenya Kuwait Lesotho Kyrgyzstan Liberia Lao PDR

  7. ,Altitudinal distribution of monthly norms of precipitation on the northern slope of the Kyrgyz range (Kyrgyzstan)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    range (Kyrgyzstan) Korobitsina . 1. Introduction Our main task was to identify territorial distribution of precipitation on the northern slope of the Kyrgyz range (NSKR) (within Kyrgyzstan), where over 30 rivers, widely

  8. Basin width control of faulting in the Naryn Basin, south central Kyrgyzstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bookhagen, Bodo

    Basin width control of faulting in the Naryn Basin, south central Kyrgyzstan Joseph K. Goode,1 the controls on this intramontane basin deformation, we study the Naryn Basin of south central Kyrgyzstan central Kyrgyzstan, Tectonics, 30, TC6009, doi:10.1029/2011TC002910. 1. Introduction [2] Deformation

  9. Late Quaternary slip rates across the central Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan, central Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    Late Quaternary slip rates across the central Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan, central Asia Stephen C, Quaternary, river terrace, Kyrgyzstan Citation: Thompson, S. C., R. J. Weldon, C. M. Rubin, K. Abdrakhmatov, P. Molnar, and G. W. Berger, Late Quaternary slip rates across the central Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan

  10. 1-4244-1243-9/07/$25.00 2007 IEEE Mobile phone users in Kyrgyzstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    1-4244-1243-9/07/$25.00 ©2007 IEEE Mobile phone users in Kyrgyzstan: A case study of identifying in Kyrgyzstan; (2) detect and communicate user requirements for that product concept to a design team; and (3 user needs and goals for mobile phone users in Kyrgyzstan. We believe the process by which we developed

  11. WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO World Health Organization

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania,I Data not reported Kazakhstan None Kyrgyzstan LatviaIreland Israel Italy Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania

  12. Ecologically-based Integrated Pest Management Packages for Food Security Crops in Central Asia Michigan State University, University of California-Davis, Kansas State University, University of Chicago, ICARDA, AVRDC, CGIAR-PFU, and University of Central A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    focus countries: Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan The Central Asia regional IPM Collaborative Research Center (TAIC), Kyrgyzstan · Kyrgyz Agrarian University · Kyrgyzstan Ministry of Agri- culture, Water Resources and Processing Industry · Agro-Lead NGO, Kyrgyzstan · Aga Khan Foundation - Kyrgyzstan

  13. IPM packages deliver food security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    living in poverty in Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and the surrounding area. Ecologically-based IPM

  14. During the month of November, the Department hosted an unusual guest from Kazakhstan, Zhanna Yessengaliyeva. Kazakhstan is a country

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pringle, James "Jamie"

    During the month of November, the Department hosted an unusual guest from Kazakhstan, Zhanna Yessengaliyeva. Kazakhstan is a country in Central Asia and Eastern Europe. Kazakhstan is the ninth largest) is larger than Western Europe. 16.6 million people live in Kazakhstan, its population density is less than 6

  15. 1-4244-1243-9/07/$25.00 2007 IEEE Asking Internet Users to Explain Non-Use in Kyrgyzstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1-4244-1243-9/07/$25.00 ©2007 IEEE Asking Internet Users to Explain Non-Use in Kyrgyzstan Chad, and specifically Kyrgyzstan, Internet adoption seems to be tapering off well below saturation levels. Survey data picture of how to define Internet use in Kyrgyzstan, and why some people are adopting ICTs and why others

  16. Abstract--This work consists of two main components: (a) a longitudinal ethnographic study in Kyrgyzstan that

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    study in Kyrgyzstan that demonstrates the importance of transportation resources in the developing world. Index Terms--ICTD, transportation, information services, mobile phones, GPS, SMS, Kyrgyzstan, developing & Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 USA (bkolko@u.washington.edu). Kyrgyzstan

  17. Tracing glacier wastage in the Northern Tien Shan (Kyrgyzstan/Central Asia) over the last 40 years

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Tracing glacier wastage in the Northern Tien Shan (Kyrgyzstan/Central Asia) over the last 40 years watershed, a catchment of the Northern Tien Shan mountain range in Kyrgyzstan. The overall area loss of 28.maselli@cde.unibe.ch V. Bilenko :N. Ershova Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan S. Yerokhin State

  18. Validation of GOME (ERS-2) NO2 vertical column data with ground-based measurements at Issyk-Kul (Kyrgyzstan)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -Kul (Kyrgyzstan) D.V. Ionov a,*, V.P. Sinyakov b , V.K. Semenov b a Research Institute of Physics, Ulyanovskaya, Kyrgyzstan Received 23 October 2004; received in revised form 17 November 2005; accepted 18 November 2005-Kul station in Kyrgyzstan, northern Tien Shan. The data of GOME, taken for the period of 1996­2002, was found

  19. Protesting America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moon, Katharine H. S.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Turkey, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan as well as South Korea into Kaiserslautern, Germany; to Kyrgyzstan, which houses the

  20. Please cite as: Thieme, Susan (2011): Student mobility, experiences of return and employment in Kyrgyzstan. The SRC's Research Fellows Working Paper, October, 2011. University of Zurich. Zurich,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in Kyrgyzstan. The SRC's Research Fellows Working Paper, October, 2011. University of Zurich. Zurich, Switzerland. Student mobility, experiences of return and employ- ment in Kyrgyzstan The SRC's Research Fellows in Kyrgyzstan. Up to 20 per cent of Kyrgyzstan's population have left in search of better economic opportunities

  1. Assessing the Exposure and Health Risks of Secondhand Smoke in Restaurants and Bars by Workers and Patrons & Evaluating the Efficacy of Different Smoking Policies in Beijing Restaurants and Bars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Ruiling

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kazakhstan* No Yes Yes Kyrgyzstan* No Yes Yes TurkmenistanAgbenyikey, 2010 Asia: Kyrgyzstan Vinnikov, 2010 Europe:n mean Americas Asia: Kyrgyzstan Jones, 2012 Vinnikov, 2010

  2. Generational Politics: Narratives of Power in Central Asia's Visual Culture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khudonazar, Anaita

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kirgizstana. Fruzne: Kyrgyzstan, 1981. Print. Autalipov,of Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Kyrgyzstan. At the same timesocial groups about 1920-30s Kyrgyzstan. Kolkhoz women, for

  3. Project EARTH-11-RW2: The Active Tectonics of Kazakhstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Gideon

    Project EARTH-11-RW2: The Active Tectonics of Kazakhstan Supervisor: Dr R Walker The active faulting and building of mountains in Kazakhstan, and adjacent parts of north-central Asia (e.g. Mongolia. The aim of this DPhil proposal is to investigate the active tectonics of Kazakhstan (and potentially

  4. Variability of urea concentration in camel milk in Kazakhstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Note Variability of urea concentration in camel milk in Kazakhstan Bernard FAYE 1*, Gaukhar University Al Farabi, 71 av. Al-Farabi, 050040 Almaty, Kazakhstan Received 12 February 2010 ­ Revised 4 March interpretable variation factors. In 102 milk samples collected in Kazakhstan, at four seasons of the year

  5. Return of the state to development: the state, donors, and NGOs in Post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jailobaeva, Kanykey Bayalieva

    2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The thesis explores international donors’ promotion of civil society in post- Soviet Kyrgyzstan since the mid 2000s with a particular focus on how policy changes in the promotion of civil society have influenced Kyrgyz ...

  6. Radioactive Waste Management in Central Asia - 12034

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhunussova, Tamara; Sneve, Malgorzata; Liland, Astrid [Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority (Norway)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    After the collapse of the Soviet Union the newly independent states in Central Asia (CA) whose regulatory bodies were set up recently are facing problems with the proper management of radioactive waste and so called 'nuclear legacy' inherited from the past activities. During the former Soviet Union (SU) period, various aspects of nuclear energy use took place in CA republics of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Activities range from peaceful use of energy to nuclear testing for example at the former Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site (SNTS) in Kazakhstan, and uranium mining and milling industries in all four countries. Large amounts of radioactive waste (RW) have been accumulated in Central Asia and are waiting for its safe disposal. In 2008 the Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority (NRPA), with the support of the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, has developed bilateral projects that aim to assist the regulatory bodies in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan (from 2010) to identify and draft relevant regulatory requirements to ensure the protection of the personnel, population and environment during the planning and execution of remedial actions for past practices and radioactive waste management in the CA countries. The participating regulatory authorities included: Kazakhstan Atomic Energy Agency, Kyrgyzstan State Agency on Environmental Protection and Forestry, Nuclear Safety Agency of Tajikistan, and State Inspectorate on Safety in Industry and Mining of Uzbekistan. The scope of the projects is to ensure that activities related to radioactive waste management in both planned and existing exposure situations in CA will be carried out in accordance with the international guidance and recommendations, taking into account the relevant regulatory practice from other countries in this area. In order to understand the problems in the field of radioactive waste management we have analysed the existing regulations through the so called 'Threat assessment' in each CA country which revealed additional problems in the existing regulatory documents beyond those described at the start of our ongoing bilateral projects in Kazakhstan, Kirgizistan Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. (authors)

  7. An Energy Overview of the Republic of Kyrgyzstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    anon.

    2003-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The DOE Office of Fossil Energy is maintaining a web site that is meant to provide useful business- and energy-related information about countries and regions of the world for exporters, project developers, and researchers. The site consists of more than 130 country pages (organized into seven different world regions), with each country page having its own set of links to information sources about that country. There are also more than 30 Country Energy Overviews at the web site -- each of these is a comprehensive review of a specific country's entire energy situation, including sections on Energy Policy, Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Hydroelectric/Renewables, Nuclear Power, Energy Transmission Infrastructure, Electricity, Electric Industry Overview, Environmental Activities, Privatization, Trade, and Economic Situation. The specific country highlighted in this Country Energy Overview is Kyrgyzstan. The site is designed to be dynamic. Updates to the overviews will be made as need and resources permit.

  8. Literature Cited, References, Appendices 179 Appendix A: Notes on Basins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    in the Pamir moun- tain region (CIA, 1998; IBRU, 1999). Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan have a territorial dispute regarding their boundary in the Isfara Valley area (CIA, 1998). Atrak -- Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan have

  9. 14 Managing Water in a Dynamic Setting: The Challenges of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    carried out mainly in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan between 2002 and 2008, and anchors them in a broader- formation economy; climate change; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Central Asia. #12;Global Change and Sustainable

  10. Essays on the politics of regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weymouth, Stephen

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Iran Israel Jamaica Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kuwait KyrgyzHungary Tajikistan Romania Kazakhstan Senegal Czech RepublicBosnia and Herzegovina Kazakhstan Turkey Poland Belarus

  11. The Atlantic Alliance and Geopolitics: New Realities and New Challenges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lie, Kai Olaf

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from East Siberia and Kazakhstan. 4) The emerging role ofand gas. A pipeline from Kazakhstan to China (Sin kiang) wasUzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan and Kirgizstan. ) Russia

  12. STRUCTURAL EVOLUTION OF THE BAYABACHE-KARA TOO-NARYN SERIES OF ANTICLINES AND SHORTENING ACROSS THE INTERMONTANE TIEN SHAN, KYRGYZSTAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, M. Meghan

    THE INTERMONTANE TIEN SHAN, KYRGYZSTAN Figure 2 ABSTRACT: M. Meghan MILLER and J. Kim MCLEAN, Department Academy of Sciences, Institute of Seismology, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan; Ray J. WELDON, II, Department

  13. UNESCO MANUAL 23 November 2009 page 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Syrian Arab Republic Belarus Kazakhstan Trinidad and Tobago Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Kyrgyzstan

  14. Low Light Imaging for Power Outage and Fire Detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    = green 2003 = red Kazakhstan Tajikhstan Afghanistan Uzbekistan Turkmenistan Kyrgyzstan #12;1992 = blue

  15. OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BELARUS UZBEKISTAN KYRGYZSTAN CRO. HERZ. (NORWAY) Svalbard FY R OM* SER. KAZAKHSTAN Black Sea Barents Sea

  16. Kyrgyzstan? So maybe you can't pronounce it (it's KEER-giz-stan), or you're not quite sure exactly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eustice, Ryan

    Why Not Kyrgyzstan? So maybe you can't pronounce it (it's KEER-giz-stan), or you're not quite sure exactly where it is (Central Asia), but Kyrgyzstan is a culturally rich, democratic country in the heart of an area that will play a big role in the global future. Why Kyrgyzstan? Why not? A User

  17. U.S. DOE, Kazakhstan government launch aerial imaging project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamm, J. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

    1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) and the Kazakhstan government have launched a breakthrough science and technology mission to use DOE technology developed to detect weapons proliferation to search for oil and mineral reserves in Kazakhstan. The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is leading the research effort, which began in June. This mission to conduct airborne imaging flights over Kazakhstan is the result of a recently signed agreement between Pacific Northwest and Earth Search Sciences Inc., a remote sensing firm based in Idaho, to look for oil and mineral deposits in the Republic of Kazakhstan in central Asia. It is the first time this technology will be used outside the United States.

  18. NNSA and Kazakhstan Complete Operation to Eliminate Highly Enriched...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Kazakhstan Complete Operation to Eliminate Highly Enriched Uranium | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the...

  19. United States Department of Energy and the Republic of Kazakhstan...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Department of Energy and the Republic of Kazakhstan Ministry of Energy Mark the Completion of the Packaging of the BN-350 Fast Breeder Reactor Spent Fuel | National Nuclear...

  20. US, Kazakhstan Cooperate to Eliminate Highly Enriched Uranium...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    of 36 kilograms (approximately 80 pounds) of highly enriched uranium (HEU) spent fuel from the Institute of Nuclear Physics (INP) in Almaty, Kazakhstan. The HEU was...

  1. Drunk On Oil: Russian Foreign Policy 2000-2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brugato, Thomas

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    nearby states (Uzbekistan in 2004, Kazakhstan and Belarus in2006, Armenia in 2006, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan in 2007,of Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and

  2. Legislating for smoke-free workplaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1991), Ireland (1995), Kazakhstan (1996), Latvia (1994),1994), Italy (1985), Kazakhstan (1996), Kyrgyzstan (1992),applicable X C139 C148 Kazakhstan Not applicable C148 C155

  3. Central Asia Regional IPM CRSP Project Report: October 2006-March 2007 Submitted by: Dr. K. Maredia and Dr. D. Baributsa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Facilities for Plant Protection in Kyrgyzstan. Laboratory research conducted in Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan established in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan to test 12 known native plants that have the potential to provide to natural enemies of pests in Tajikistan, whereas five were most attractive in Kyrgyzstan. Dr. Saidov led

  4. Programme de bourses en codirection pour doctorants Les Universits du Kazakhstan cherchent des codirecteurs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeanjean, Louis

    Programme de bourses en codirection pour doctorants Kazakhstan Les Universités du Kazakhstan quarantaine d'établissements d'enseignement supérieur du Kazakhstan. Ce programme s'inscrit dans une politique outil intéressant pour s'engager dans de nouvelles coopérations. L'Ambassade de France au Kazakhstan

  5. Kazakhstan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou New Energy CoKERAFOLKarlsruheKauai IslandKazakhstan:

  6. A new species of Chiasmognathus from Kazakhstan (Hymenoptera: Apidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engel, Michael S.; Packer, Laurence

    2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A new species of the ammobatine bee genus Chiasmognathus Engel (Nomadinae: Ammobatini) is described and figured from near Almaty, Kazakhstan. Chiasmognathus scythicus Engel & Packer, new species, is superficially similar to C. gussakovskii (Popov...

  7. 2011 Korean Government Scholarship Program Guideline for International Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auckland, University of

    Taipei, Belgium, Cambodia, Bangladesh, Bulgaria, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Malaysia, Mexico, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, New Zealand, Nigeria, Panama, Peru, Poland, Republic of South Africa, Romania

  8. Ultrarapid exhumation of ultrahigh-pressure diamond-bearing metasedimentary rocks of the Kokchetav Massif, Kazakhstan?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Bradley R.

    Massif, Kazakhstan? $ Bradley R. Hackera,*, Andrew Calverta , R.Y. Zhangb , W. Gary Ernstb , J.G. Lioub, Kazakhstan (Fig. 1), is a large ( f 10­15 Â 150 km) ultrahigh-pressure terrane, distinctive because

  9. Mapping locust habitats in River Ili Delta, Kazakhstan, using Landsat imagery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Latchininsky, Alexandre

    Mapping locust habitats in River Ili Delta, Kazakhstan, using Landsat imagery Ramesh Sivanpillai a Protection, Almaty, Kazakhstan Received 11 August 2005; received in revised form 10 March 2006; accepted 21 March 2006 Available online 3 May 2006 Abstract The River Ili delta in southeast Kazakhstan

  10. Parcours de l'ethnologie au Kazakhstan : anciennes contraintes, nouveaux travers Isabelle Ohayon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Parcours de l'ethnologie au Kazakhstan : anciennes contraintes, nouveaux travers Isabelle Ohayon Référence publication : « Parcours de l'ethnologie au Kazakhstan, anciennes contraintes, nouveaux travers de l'ex-URSS, l'ethnologie au Kazakhstan connaît une crise profonde. Elle est affectée aujourd

  11. Mathematics Education Issues in post-Soviet Kazakhstan: An International Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    Mathematics Education Issues in post-Soviet Kazakhstan: An International Perspective Zaur Berkaliev in mathematics education in post-Soviet Kazakhstan through the lens of American experience and NCTM Principles Background Located in Central Asia, Kazakhstan is one of the fifteen former Soviet republics which became

  12. Development and Delivery of Ecologically-based IPM Packages in Central Asia Central Asia Regional IPM Program Year 3 Work plans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /World Vegetable Center Potato IPM Package Dr. Murat Aitmatov, IPM CRSP Coordinator/Research Fellow, Kyrgyzstan Dr countries include Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan. The technical objectives of the Central Asia and technologies for IPM packages for wheat, potatoes and tomatoes in three host countries (Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan

  13. Central Asia IPM CRSP 2008-09 Annual Report 1 Ecologically-Based Participatory and Collaborative Research and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Uzbekistan), and Dr. Murat Aitmatov (Kyrgyzstan) International Collaborators: Dr. Mustapha Bouhssini, ICARDA Host Countries: Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan #12;Central Asia IPM CRSP 2008-09 Annual Report 2 into existing farming systems in various agro- ecological zones of Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan in collaboration

  14. The effects of climate change and extreme weather events on land use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    in June 2009 ranked Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Albania as the"most vulnerable to climate change"of 28 countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. The present policy brief examines Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan and Kyrgyzstan are especially vulnerable to the risks of climate change. Their widely degraded landscapes

  15. The European tobacco control report 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in CIS countries such as Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan: in 2005Survey, Kazakhstan. Kyrgyzstan Data for 2001 Definition:Tobacco Use Prevalence in Kyrgyzstan, 2005. Latvia 30.1 Data

  16. Planned oil pipeline vital to economy of Kazakhstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The West Kazakhstan-Kumkol pipeline project is extremely vital to the economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan`s ultimate goal of transporting crude oil produced from the western part of the country eastward to Kumkol, from where it is further transported through existing pipelines to refineries in Chimkent in the south and Pavoldar in the northeast. The two refineries are now mainly supplied with west Siberian crudes imported through a pipeline that approaches Kazakhstan via Omsk. The planned pipeline will allow increased use of local crudes, thereby considerably improving a secure supply for the consumers while also increasing the flexibility of the nation`s overall import/export situation. The importance of this project is stressed by the Kazakh government which has officially classified it as a national priority project. The technical feasibility study of the project was prepared by ILF Consulting Engineers of Germany and Price Waterhouse Financial Consultants is conducting a study to determine the economical viability of the project. The overall cost is estimated at $1.1 billion, with the cost of Phase 1 placed at $600 million.

  17. Central Asia IPM CRSP Project Phase II Year 1 Work Plan (October 1, 2009 September 30, 2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    surveys in Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan for wheat, tomato and potato. This will gather baseline (IPM CRSP Kyrgyzstan), Carlo Carli (CIP), George Bird, Walter Pett, David Douches, Willy Kirk from MSU

  18. Radiological Conditions at the Semipalatinsk Test Site, Kazakhstan: Preliminary Assessment and Recommendations for Further Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Napier, Bruce A. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB))

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a review of the book ''Radiological Conditions at the Semipalatinsk Test Site, Kazakhstan: Preliminary Assessment and Recommendations for Further Study.''

  19. VARIABILITE STRUCTURALE ET PHYSICO CHIMIQUE DES CROUTES SUPERFICIELLES DES SOLS DE LA VALLEE DU SYR DARIA (KAZAKHSTAN).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    DARIA (KAZAKHSTAN). Valet S.1 , Ph. Le Coustumer2 , M. Motélica- Heino3 et S. Galaup4 . 1 Consultant réalisée au Kazakhstan, en 2003, a démontré, pour la première fois l'existence d'un tel encroûtement sur extrême variabilité physique, chimique et microbiologique. Toutefois le milieu spécifique du Kazakhstan

  20. Housing and Ethnicity in the Post-Soviet City: Ust'-Kamenogorsk, Kazakhstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Youqin

    Housing and Ethnicity in the Post-Soviet City: Ust'-Kamenogorsk, Kazakhstan Michael Gentile-Soviet segregation in housing in the medium-sized industrial city of Ust'-Kamenogorsk, Kazakhstan. The paper uses segregation by dwelling type, housing size and facilities between Kazakhs, Russians and other ethnic groups

  1. Final (pre-edited) version of the paper published in: Proc. 10th Int. Conf. Logic for Programming, Artificial Intelligence, and Reasoning (LPAR 2003), Almaty, Kazakhstan, Sep. 2003,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sutre, Grégoire

    , Artificial Intelligence, and Reasoning (LPAR 2003), Almaty, Kazakhstan, Sep. 2003, volume 2850 of Lecture

  2. Kazakhstan Climate Change Coordination Center | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii |Island,Kas Farms Wind Farm JumpKazakhstan

  3. Estimating the potential of greenhouse gas mitigation in Kazakhstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Monacrovich, E.; Pilifosova, O.; Danchuck, D. [Kazakh Scientific-Research Hydrometeorlogical Institute, Almaty (Kazakhstan)] [and others

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the studies related to the obligations of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Republic of Kazakhstan started activities to inventory greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and assess of GHG mitigation options, The objective of this paper is to present an estimate of the possibility of mitigating GHG emissions and determine the mitigation priorities. It presents a compilation of the possible options and their assessment in terms of major criteria and implementation feasibility. Taking into account the structure of GHG emissions in Kazakhstan in 1990, preliminary estimates of the potential for mitigation are presented for eight options for the energy sector and agriculture and forestry sector. The reference scenario prepared by expert assessments assumes a reduction of CO{sub 2} emissions in 1996-1998 by about 26% from the 1990 level due to general economic decline, but then emissions increase. It is estimated that the total potential for the mitigation of CO{sub 2} emissions for the year 2000 is 3% of the CO{sub 2} emissions in the reference scenario. The annual reduction in methane emissions due to the estimated options can amount to 5%-6% of the 1990 level. 10 refs., 1 fig., 4 tabs.

  4. Public service integration in Kazakhstan: the case of one stop shop 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janenova, Saltanat

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is an analysis of the public service integration, a New Public Management initiative, in a transitional context such as Kazakhstan. This thesis focuses on three main perspectives – the impact of the service ...

  5. An Energy Overview of the Republic of Kazakhstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    anon.

    2003-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The DOE Office of Fossil Energy is maintaining a web site that is meant to provide useful business- and energy-related information about countries and regions of the world for exporters, project developers, and researchers. The site consists of more than 130 country pages (organized into seven different world regions), with each country page having its own set of links to information sources about that country. There are also more than 30 Country Energy Overviews at the web site -- each of these is a comprehensive review of a specific country's entire energy situation, including sections on Energy Policy, Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Hydroelectric/Renewables, Nuclear Power, Energy Transmission Infrastructure, Electricity, Electric Industry Overview, Environmental Activities, Privatization, Trade, and Economic Situation. The specific country highlighted in this Country Energy Overview is Kazakhstan. The site is designed to be dynamic. Updates to the overviews will be made as need and resources permit.

  6. Annual Report FY 2010-11 October 1, 2010 to September 30, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IPM Package: Dr. Murat Aitmatov, IPM CRSP Coordinator/Research Fellow, Kyrgyzstan Dr. David Douches and Kyrgyzstan. The technical objectives of the Central Asia Regional IPM Program are: 1. Develop ecologically countries (Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan). The IPM packages include a range of methods, tools

  7. IPM packages deliver food security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    living in poverty in Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and the surrounding area. Ecologically-based IPM Package for potato production in Kyrgyzstan Central Asia Integrated Pest Management Collaborative Research Support Program: Dr. Murat Aitmatov, IPM CRSP Coordinator/Research Fellow, Kyrgyzstan; Drs. George Bird

  8. Development and Delivery of Ecologically-based IPM Packages in Central Asia Central Asia Regional IPM Program Year 2 Workplans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , IPM CRSP Coordinator, Kyrgyzstan Dr. George Bird, Michigan State University Dr. Walter Pett, Michigan countries include - Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan. The technical objectives of the Central Asia. The current political situation in Kyrgyzstan and its impact in the region and travel restrictions imposed

  9. Annual Report FY 2009-10 Oct0ber 1, 2009 to September 30, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Kyrgyzstan Dr. David Douches, Michigan State University Dr. George Bird, Michigan State University Dr. Walter in Central Asia. The three host countries include - Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan. The technical in Kyrgyzstan and its impact in the region and travel restrictions imposed by the U.S. State Department have

  10. Bosboom, R. E., Dupont-Nivet, G., Mandic, O., Proust, J. N., Ormukov, C., and Amminov, J., (accepted 2014), Late Eocene paleogeography of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    , S Kyrgyzstan and SW Tajikistan): Geological Society of London Special Publications, v. Darius Central Asia. #12;Late Eocene paleogeography of the Proto-Paratethys Sea in1 Central Asia (NW China, S Kyrgyzstan and SW of Seismology: Kyrgyz Republic Bishkek, Asanbay 52/1, 720060, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan11 f Institute of geology

  11. Le satellite astronomique europen INTEGRAL a t lanc en 2002 depuis le centre spatial de Bakonour, au Kazakhstan, puis plac en

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rochaix, Jean-David

    Baïkonour, au Kazakhstan, puis placé en orbite pour étudier les rayons gamma émis par des sources telles que

  12. Low-enriched uranium holdup measurements in Kazakhstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barham, M.A.; Ceo, R.N.; Smith, S.E. [Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant, TN (United States)] [and others

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantification of the residual nuclear material remaining in process equipment has long been a challenge to those who work with nuclear material accounting systems. Fortunately, nuclear material has spontaneous radiation emissions that can be measured. If gamma-ray measurements can be made, it is easy to determine what isotope a deposit contains. Unfortunately, it can be quite difficult to relate this measured signal to an estimate of the mass of the nuclear deposit. Typically, the measurement expert must work with incomplete or inadequate information to determine a quantitative result. Simplified analysis models, the distribution of the nuclear material, any intervening attenuation, background(s), and the source-to-detector distance(s) can have significant impacts on the quantitative result. This presentation discusses the application of a generalized-geometry holdup model to the low-enriched uranium fuel pellet fabrication plant in Ust-Kamenogorsk, Kazakhstan. Preliminary results will be presented. Software tools have been developed to assist the facility operators in performing and documenting the measurements. Operator feedback has been used to improve the user interfaces.

  13. Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 7, 09200, 2005 SRef-ID: 1607-7962/gra/EGU05-A-09200

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolch, Tobias

    Geosciences Union 2005 Glacier Retreat and Climate Change in Northern Tien Shan (Kazakhstan/Kyrgyzstan and Kyrgyzstan. The mountain ranges rise up in the north from the Kazkh Steppe at an altitude of about 800 m asl

  14. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 41 (2006) 663689 www.elsevier.com/locate/ympev

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Nadir

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    University, Bishkek 720000, Kievskaya Street 44, Kyrgyzstan Received 2 February 2006; revised 19 May 2006 and tetraploids from Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan where green toads exemplify vertebrate genomic plasticity. A new

  15. Abgrenzung schuttbedeckter Gletscher aus Satellitenbildern unter Verwendung morphometrischer Parameter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolch, Tobias

    nördlichen Tien Shan (Kasachstan/Kyrgyzstan) und des Everest-Massivs (Nepalesischer Himalaja) vorgestellt Shan (Kazakhstan/Kyrgyzstan) and of the Mt.-Everest-area (Nepalese Himalaya) are presented

  16. Opportunities for renewable energy sources in Central Asia countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Obozov, A.J. [Project KUN (Kyrgyzstan); Loscutoff, W.V. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents an overview of the state of conventional energy sources and the potential for development of renewable energy sources in the Central Asia countries of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, and Tajikistan. The region has a population of about 50 million in an area of more than four million square kilometers. The per capita gross internal product is more than $2,500, although the economy has been declining the past five years. The area has substantial coal, oil, uranium, and natural gas reserves, although they are not distributed equally among the five countries. Energy production is such that the countries do not have to rely heavily on imports. One of the problems in Central Asia is that the energy prices are substantially below the world prices. This is a factor in development of renewable energy sources. The primary renewable energy resources available are wind in Kazakhstan, solar in the entire region, biomass in Kyrgyzstan, and micro-hydropower stations in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. All of these have the potential to provide a significant amount of the required energy for the region. However, all of the countries have an abundance of various renewable energy resources. To effectively use these resources, however, a number of barriers to their development and commercialization must be overcome. These include low prices of conventional energy sources, absence of legislative support, lack of financing for new technologies, and lack of awareness of renewable energy sources by the population. A number of specific actions are proposed to overcome these barriers. These include establishment of a Central Asia coordinating council for renewable energy, development of a regional renewable energy program, and setting up a number of large demonstration projects. 16 figs.

  17. The Nuvruz Project: Monitoring for Radionuclides and Metals in Central Asia Transboundary Rivers End of Year One Reports

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    YULDASHEV, BEKHZAD; SALIKHBAEV, UMAR; RADYUK, RAISA; DJURAEV, AKRAM; DJURAEV, ANWAR; VASILIEV, IVAN; TOLONGUTOV, BAJGABYL; VALENTINA, ALEKHINA; SOLODUKHIN, VLADIMIR; POZNIAK, VICTOR; LITTLEFIELD, ADRIANE C.

    2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Navruz Project is a cooperative, transboundary, river monitoring project involving rivers and institutions in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan facilitated by Sandia National Laboratories in the U.S. The Navruz Project focuses on waterborne radionuclides and metals because of their importance to public health and nuclear materials proliferation concerns in the region. Data obtained in this project are shared among all participating countries and the public through an internet web site and are available for use in further studies and in regional transboundary water resource management efforts. Overall, the project addresses three main goals: to help increase capabilities in Central Asian nations for sustainable water resources management; to provide a scientific basis for supporting nuclear transparency and non-proliferation in the region; and to help reduce the threat of conflict in Central Asia over water resources, proliferation concerns, or other factors. The Navruz project has a duration of three years. This document contains the reports from each of the participating institutions following the first year of data collection. While a majority of samples from the Navruz project are within normal limits, a preliminary analysis does indicate a high concentration of selenium in the Kazakhstan samples. Uzbekistan samples contain high uranium and thorium concentrations, as well as elevated levels of chromium, antimony and cesium. Additionally, elevated concentrations of radioactive isotopes have been detected at one Tajikistan sampling location. Further analysis will be published in a subsequent report.

  18. --No Title--

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, North Korea, South Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon Lesotho...

  19. Renminbi Going Global

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheung, Yin-Wong

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    countries such as Cambodia, Mongolia, Russia, and Vietnam.including Russia, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan,billion circulating in Mongolia and Vietnam. The official

  20. National human resource development in the developing world: the Republic of Kazakhstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenzhegaranova, Madina

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was two-fold. The first was to explore, describe and define the emerging construct of Human Resource Development (HRD) in the Republic of Kazakhstan (RKZ). The second was to examine specific national contexts and associated...

  1. Trends of development of the methodical system of teaching physics in high schools of Kazakhstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerimbayev, N

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article examines trends in the development of methodical teaching of physics in high school the Republic of Kazakhstan with the information of the learning process. The article indicates the value of methodical teaching of physics in high school as one of the factors of increasing the level of education students, the formation of professional competence.

  2. Tomer Hasid When you hear `Chechnya' you think

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dershowitz, Nachum

    CHECHEN Tomer Hasid #12;When you hear `Chechnya' you think ...of #12;"It's somwhere near Kazakhstan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Syria, Turkey and Uzbekistan. #12;Chechen - facts A member of the Nakh

  3. 11406. Proposed by A. A. Dzhumadil'daeva, Almaty, Republics Physics and Mathematics School, Almaty, Kazakhstan. Let n!! denote the product of all positive integers not greter than n and congruent to n mod 2,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heckman, Christopher Carl

    , Kazakhstan. Let n!! denote the product of all positive integers not greter than n and congruent to n mod 2

  4. Nadia Schoch Migration and livestock farming: Competing or complementary livelihood strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    , Kyrgyzstan Summary The dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 led to the break down of a complex economic system and resulted in a huge economic crisis and rising poverty in Kyrgyzstan. As a consequence Kyrgyzstan or to Russia and Kazakhstan. Remittances sent to the remaining relatives have become an essential

  5. Definition of Non-Conventional Sulfur Utilization in Western Kazakhstan for Sulfur Concrete (Phase 1)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kalb, Paul

    2007-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Battelle received a contract from Agip-KCO, on behalf a consortium of international oil and gas companies with exploration rights in the North Caspian Sea, Kazakhstan. The objective of the work was to identify and help develop new techniques for sulfur concrete products from waste, by-product sulfur that will be generated in large quantitites as drilling operations begin in the near future. BNL has significant expertise in the development and use of sulfur concrete products and has direct experience collaborating with the Russian and Kazakh partners that participated. Feasibility testing was successfully conducted for a new process to produce cost-effective sulfur polymer cement that has broad commerical applications.

  6. A world-class challenge: Kazakhstan mega-project still looming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This issue of Energy Detente describes how one massive development plan has been scaled back for the moment, but which is destined to play a major role in the future -- no matter how the particulars of development evolve. Last month, Chevron downward adjusted its budget for the development of the Tengiz oil field in Kazakhstan. This article highlights the media attention that has been paid to the Former Soviet Union as a potential oil giant, which will increase further with Chevron`s recent decision.

  7. Treatability study on the use of by-product sulfur in Kazakhstan for the stabilization of hazardous and radioactive wastes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kalb, P.D.; Milian, L.W. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States). Environmental and Waste Technology Center; Yim, S.P. [Korea Atomic Energy Research Inst. (Korea, Republic of); Dyer, R.S.; Michaud, W.R. [Environmental Protection Agency (United States)

    1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Republic of Kazakhstan generates significant quantities of excess elemental sulfur from the production and refining of petroleum reserves. In addition, the country also produces hazardous, and radioactive wastes which require treatment/stabilization. In an effort to find secondary uses for the elemental sulfur, and simultaneously produce a material which could be used to encapsulate, and reduce the dispersion of harmful contaminants into the environment, BNL evaluated the use of the sulfur polymer cement (SPC) produced from by-product sulfur in Kazakhstan. This thermoplastic binder material forms a durable waste form with low leaching properties and is compatible with a wide range of waste types. Several hundred kilograms of Kazakhstan sulfur were shipped to the US and converted to SPC (by reaction with 5 wt% organic modifiers) for use in this study. A phosphogypsum sand waste generated in Kazakhstan during the purification of phosphate fertilizer was selected for treatment. Waste loadings of 40 wt% were easily achieved. Waste form performance testing included compressive strength, water immersion, and Accelerated Leach Testing.

  8. Treatability study on the use of by-product sulfur in Kazakhstan for the stabilization of hazardous and radioactive wastes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yim, Sung Paal; Kalb, P.D.; Milian, L.W.

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Republic of Kazakhstan generates significant quantities of excess sulfur from the production and refining of petroleum reserves. In addition, the country also produces hazardous, and radioactive wastes which require treatment/stabilization. In an effort to find secondary uses for the elemental sulfur, and simultaneously produce a material which could be used to encapsulate, and reduce the dispersion of harmful contaminants into the environment, BNL evaluated the use of the sulfur polymer cement (SPC) produced from by-product sulfur in Kazakhstan. This thermoplastic binder material forms a durable waste form with low leaching properties and is compatible with a wide range of waste types. Several hundred kilograms of Kazakhstan sulfur were shipped to the U.S. and converted to SPC (by reaction with 5 wt% organic modifiers) for use in this study. A phosphogypsum sand waste generated in Kazakhstan during the purification of phosphate fertilizer was selected for treatment. Waste loading of 40 wt% were easily achieved. Waste form performance testing included compressive strength, water immersion, and Accelerated Leach Testing. 14 refs., 7 figs., 6 tabs.

  9. Perspectives on the Present State and Future of Higher Education Faculty Development in Kazakhstan: Implications for National Human Resource Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seitova, Dinara T.

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    After the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 1990's Kazakhstan experienced a socio-economic transition from a socialist economy to a free market economy and was challenged with building a newly independent state. In pursuit of fulfilling...

  10. The theoretical model of the design-advertising agency in Almaty, Kazakhstan, based on the experience of the same business in Austin, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rozenberg, Julia Alexeevna

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    STATEMENT Page Hypothesis. . . . . METHODOLOGY. Instruments . BACKGROUND. . . 10 Origins Soviet Union. Independent Country. Relations Between Russia and Kazakhstan. . 10 . 12 . 14 . 16 CURRENT CONDITIONS IN KAZAKHSTAN . . 18 NATIONAL CULTURE... on the management culture in the former Soviet Union and the affect of American management models on the Soviet Union. However, most of those studies were case analysis done in Russia. For example, Bollinger (1994) conducted a study examining the affect...

  11. International Conference "The History of Perestroika in Central Asia"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peters, Achim

    policies towards the central republican nomenklatura of Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan: configurations of centre in the perestroika period in Kazakhstan" Timur Dadabaev "From Economic Reforms to the Politics of "Perestroika and independent trade unions in Kazakhstan: main tendencies of perestroika period" Elena Zimovina "Transformation

  12. The theoretical model of the design-advertising agency in Almaty, Kazakhstan, based on the experience of the same business in Austin, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rozenberg, Julia Alexeevna

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    31. 2 65. 9 29. 4 64. 2 41. 3 25. 4 45. 3 27. 3 50. 2 29. 1 N. Kazakhstan 63, 4 62. 1 61. 7 16. 6 18. 7 19. 5 Adopted from Chinn, J. & Kaiser, R. 1996 The breakup of the USSR and the collapse of demand for Kazakhstan's traditional heavy.... Short-Tenn Orientation vs. Long-Term Orientation. . Implications . 29 . 30 . 31 . 32 . 33 34 . . . . 34 . . . . 36 CASE ANALYSIS OF EXISTING ADVERTISING AGENCIES(COMMON FACTORS) . . . . 37 Market . Operational Strategies . . 39 . 40 Page...

  13. Agreements --Asia 51 52 Atlas of International Freshwater Agreements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    .02 Kyrgyzstan 111,700 9.07 Afghanistan 104,900 8.52 Turkmenistan 70,000 5.68 China 1,900 0.15 Pakistan 200 0 of the region March 26, 1993 Amu Darya, Aral Sea, Syr Darya Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikstan; Turkmenistan

  14. National independence and nonproliferation in the new states of Central Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gleason, G.

    1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Five independent states emerged in Central Asia from the breakup of the USSR. One of these states, Kazakhstan, possesses nuclear weapons. The other four of these states, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, are not known to possess nuclear weapons, however they occupy a geostrategic position which makes them important to non-proliferation efforts. The present report profiles the capabilities and intentions of these four Central Asian states. The analysis of capabilities suggests that none of these states has the capability to develop a usable nuclear weapon. However, all of these countries-- especially Uzbekistan--have components of the old Soviet nuclear weapons complex which are now orphans. They have no use for these facilities and must either re-profile them, destroy them, or transfer them. The analysis of intentions suggests that the dynamics of national independence have created a situation in which Uzbekistan has hegemonic designs in the region. Implications for retarding nuclear proliferation in the Central Asian region are examined. Opportunities for outside influence are assessed.

  15. Feast or famine: 1992 spot market review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There was nothing temperate about the uranium spot market in 1992. It was a year of extremes. Demand took off at a brisk pace early in the year as utilities, enticed by low U3O8 prices and interest rates, stepped up their discretionary purchases. With the NUKEM price range sinking to an all-time low of US$6.75-7.70 in November 1991, utilities reckoned that prices had bottomed out and decided to buy and hold material. Indeed, the upper end of NUKEM's range remained below $8.00 per lb for much of the first half of 1992. The main cause of low prices was the flood of imports from the crumbling Soviet Union and its successor, the Commonwealth of Independent States [CIS]. The CIS republics quickly embraced a free-market philosophy to boost their faltering economies, and several hoped to use uranium as a source of badly-needed hard currency. But they were about to get a harsh introduction to capitalism. It came in the form of government intervention, in both the US and Europe. In May, the US Department of Commerce made its preliminary determination that the uranium-producing republics of the CIS were selling material in the US at less than fair market value. The antidumping case was eventually settled in October when the CIS republics [Russia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan] signed suspension agreements subjecting CIS origin uranium to price and quantity quotas in the US.

  16. The Navruz Project: Transboundary Monitoring for Radionuclides and Metals in Central Asia Rivers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    PASSELL, HOWARD D.; BARBER, DAVID S.; BETSILL, J. DAVID; LITTLEFIELD, ADRIANE C.; MOHAGHEGHI, AMIR H.; SHANKS, SONOYA T.; YULDASHEV, BEKHZAD; SALIKHBAEV, UMAR; RADYUK, RAISA; DJURAEV, AKRAM; DJURAEV, ANWAR; VASILIEV, IVAN; TOLONGUTOV,BAJGABYL; VALENTINA,ALEKHINA; SOLODUKHIN,VLADIMIR; POZNIAK,VICTOR

    2002-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The transboundary nature of water resources demands a transboundary approach to their monitoring and management. However, transboundary water projects raise a challenging set of problems related to communication issues, and standardization of sampling, analysis and data management methods. This manual addresses those challenges and provides the information and guidance needed to perform the Navruz Project, a cooperative, transboundary, river monitoring project involving rivers and institutions in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan facilitated by Sandia National Laboratories in the U.S. The Navruz Project focuses on waterborne radionuclides and metals because of their importance to public health and nuclear materials proliferation concerns in the region. This manual provides guidelines for participants on sample and data collection, field equipment operations and procedures, sample handling, laboratory analysis, and data management. Also included are descriptions of rivers, sampling sites and parameters on which data are collected. Data obtained in this project are shared among all participating countries and the public through an internet web site and are available for use in further studies and in regional transboundary water resource management efforts. Overall, the project addresses three main goals: to help increase capabilities in Central Asian nations for sustainable water resources management; to provide a scientific basis for supporting nuclear transparency and non-proliferation in the region; and to help reduce the threat of conflict in Central Asia over water resources, proliferation concerns, or other factors.

  17. After dumping agreement: A two-tiered market. [Uranium market transactions October 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In its largest increase since July 1990, the NUKEM price range for this month ended up at $9.50-$10.50. On October 16th, destined to become a landmark date in uranium industry history, the republics of Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Ukraine and the Russian Federation signed quantitative restraint agreements with the US Department of Commerce. Predictably, prices jumped significantly as sellers withdrew from the market. With Commerce's initial calculation of a $7.95 market price for determining the level of CIS imports over the next six months, it appears quite certain that prices for non-CIS origins will continue to rise. (CIS imports can only begin when Commerce determines that the market price has hit $13). There is the possibility that a two-tiered market could emerge in the future with lower prices being paid for CIS origins by those utilities not affected by Euratom or Commerce restrictions. However, at this point, most potential buyers falling into this category have opted to maintain a wait-and-see approach.

  18. 10 points about buying C. I. S. [Settlement of uranium dumping case

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On October 16, 1992, the U.S. Department of Commerce (DOC) settled the antidumping case against the CIS republics by imposing price and volume quotas on CIS uranium imported into the United States. Bound by a suspension agreement, each of the six uranium-producing CIS republics is responsible for restricting the flow of imports to the US-either directly or indirectly. (As the NUKEM Market Report went to press, the Ukraine government notified the DOC of its intent not to terminate the suspension agreement.) This action is to prevent undercutting price levels in the US domestic uranium markets. What follows are ten points about everything you should know about importing uranium from the uranium-producing CIS republics- Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan. Newcomers to the CIS scene should follow this simple roadmap and be aware of the issues they face as importers in terms of Commerce/Customs requirements and documentation and where to get them, when to buy the material and how to transport it, how to deal effectively with CIS exporters, and how to avoid unnecessary complications when buying CIS.

  19. Process Flow Chart for Immobilizing of Radioactive High Concentration Sodium Hydroxide Product from the Sodium Processing Facility at the BN-350 Nuclear power plant in Aktau, Kazakhstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burkitbayev, M.; Omarova, K.; Tolebayev, T. [Ai-Farabi Kazakh National University, Chemical Faculty, Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakhstan); Galkin, A. [KATEP Ltd., Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakhstan); Bachilova, N. [NIISTROMPROEKT Ltd., Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakhstan); Blynskiy, A. [Nuclear Technology Safety Centre, Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakhstan); Maev, V. [MAEK-Kazatomprom Ltd., Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakhstan); Wells, D. [NUKEM Limited- a member of the Freyssinet Group, Winfrith Technology Centre, Dorchester, Dorset (United Kingdom); Herrick, A. [NUKEM Limited- a member of the Freyssinet Group, Caithness (United Kingdom); Michelbacher, J. [Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls (United States)

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the results of a joint research investigations carried out by the group of Kazakhstan, British and American specialists in development of a new material for immobilization of radioactive 35% sodium hydroxide solutions from the sodium coolant processing facility of the BN-350 nuclear power plant. The resulting solid matrix product, termed geo-cement stone, is capable of isolating long lived radionuclides from the environment. The physico-mechanical properties of geo-cement stone have been investigated and the flow chart for its production verified in a full scale experiments. (author)

  20. Feasibility studies to establish at the Kazakhstan Ulba metallurgical plant the manufacturing capability to produce low-enriched uranium certified reference materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuzminski, Jozef [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nesuhoff, J [NBL; Cratto, P [NBL; Pfennigwerth, G [Y12 NATIONAL SEC. COMPLEX; Mikhailenko, A [ULBA METALLURGICAL PLANT; Maliutina, I [ULBA METALLURGICAL PLANT; Nations, J [GREGG PROTECTION SERVICES

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the salient features of the transition plan that the United States Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) is presently implementing in the Former Soviet Union countries is the availability of uranium certified reference materials for calibration of nondestructive assay (NDA) measurement equipment. To address this challenge, DOE/NNSA and U.S. national laboratories have focused their cooperative efforts on establishing a reliable source for manufacturing, certifying, and supplying of such standards. The Ulba Metallurgical Plant (UMP), Kazakhstan, which processes large quantities of low-enriched uranium to produce ceramic fuel pellets for nuclear-powered reactors, is well situated to become a key supplier of low-enriched uranium certified reference materials for the country and Central Asia region. We have recently completed Phase I of a feasibility study to establish at UMP capabilities of manufacturing these standards. In this paper we will discuss details of a proposed methodology for uranium down-blending, material selection and characterization, and a proposed methodology of measurement by destructive (DA) and non-destructive (NDA) analysis to form a database for material certification by the competent State authorities in the Republic of Kazakhstan. In addition, we will discuss the prospect for manufacturing of such standards at UMP.

  1. Tajikistan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern ILSunseeker

  2. Fruit and vegetable consumption in the former Soviet Union: the role of individual and community-level factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goryakin, Yevgeniy; Rocco, Lorenzo; Suhrcke, Marc; Roberts, Bayard; McKee, Martin

    2015-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    . Setting: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia and Ukraine. Subjects: Adult survey respondents (n 17 998) aged 18–95 years. Results: Being male, increasing age, lack of education and lack of financial resources were... behaviours and demographic, socio-economic and environ- mental characteristics. Surveys were nationally representa- tive and conducted among adult respondents (aged ?18 years) in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakh- stan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia...

  3. Technical cooperation between IAE/NNC and U.S. DOE National Laboratories on nuclear export controls in Kazakhstan -- a status report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Picologlou, B. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Cernicek, A. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Pakhnitz, V.; Koltysheva, G. [Inst. of Atomic Energy/NNC (Kazakhstan)

    1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) sponsors technical cooperative agreements, also known as Lab to Lab agreements, between its National Laboratories and similar institutions in the Newly Independent States (NIS) for the purpose of sharing some of the experience and expertise on nuclear export controls and nonproliferation of the former with their NIS counterparts so that, in turn, they can provide technical support to their respective governments in nonproliferation matters. In Kazakhstan, two separate technical cooperative agreements involving the Institute of Atomic Energy of the National Nuclear Center, Argonne National Laboratory, and Los Alamos National Laboratory were established in 1996. The tasks carried out during the first year of these technical cooperative agreements are described and the objectives and end products of the tasks are discussed.

  4. Mine locations: Kazakhstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perry, Bradley A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Upon accepting this internship at Los Alamos National Laboratory, I was excited but a bit nervous because I was placed into a field I knew nothing about and did not incorporate my mechanical engineering background. However, I stayed positive and realized that experience and education can come in many forms and that this would be a once in a lifetime opportunity. The EES-II Division (which stands for Earth and Environmental Sciences, Geophysics division) concentrates on several topics, including Nuclear Treaty Verification Seismology. The study of this is extremely important in order to monitor countries that have nuclear capability and make sure they follow the rules of the international comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty. Seismology is only one aspect of this monitoring and EES-II works diligently with many other groups here at Los Alamos and across the world.

  5. Seismic of the territory Toktogul reservoir, Kyrgyzstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kamchybekov, Murataly; Yegemberdiyeva, Kuliya [Institute of Seismology of National Academy Science Kyrgyz Republic (Kyrgyzstan)

    2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    In connection with that this seismic in the territory of Naryn cascade maybe has its peculiarity in cludding in the territory Toktogul reservoir before of the building of the Toktogul dam, during of the building and after accordingly was decided to consider the seismic in this space of times. The arm of the present paper is estimation seismic of the territory Toktogul reservoir for different times: before of the building of the Toktogul dam (1960-1973), during its filling (1974-1980) and since start it's of the uninterruptedly exploitation to present time (1981-2006). The territory in that located the cascade of Naryn River is considered that seismic active in the Central part of the Tien Shan. The tectonic motions are become here intensity. The presence of the large faults is complicating significantly the seismic situation of the study region.

  6. Kyrgyzstan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii9969995°,I Jump to:Kumagai GumiKyleEconomies

  7. Tajikistan-Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries PvtStratosolar Jump to:Holdings Co08.0 -TEEMP Jump to:TIAXFlorida:Taiwah,Economies

  8. Tajikistan-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheastern ILSunseeker EnergySuzhouSynergyTaigaInformation

  9. Probabilistic seismic risk of the territory of Bishkek city, Kyrgyzstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kamchybekov, Murataly Pakirovich [Institute of Seismology of National Academy Science Kyrgyz Republic (Kyrgyzstan)

    2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    For seismic risk analysis were gathered information about district's seismicity, tectonics, topography, and engineering--geotechnical conditions, which present in apartments, infrastructures and demographies. All of these informations are joined within the limits of GIS for father probabilistic evaluations from different losses levels from earthquake, and also definitions of effective arrangements by reaction. There were given analysis of obtained results with the purpose to take into the consideration and falling of seismic risk's levels.

  10. Kyrgyzstan-Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii9969995°,I Jump to:Kumagai GumiKyleEconomies in

  11. Data base of chemical explosions in Kazakhstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Demin, V.N. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Malahova, M.N. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Martysevich, P.N. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Mihaylova, N.N. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Nurmagambetov, A. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Kopnichev, Yu.F. D. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Edomin, V.I. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan)

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Within the bounds of this report, the following works were done: (1) Information about explosion quarries, located in Southern, Eastern and Northern Kasakstan was summarized. (2) The general information about seismicity of areas of location of explosion quarries was adduced. (3) The system of observation and seismic apparatus, recording the local earthquakes and quarry explosions at the territory of Kazakstan were described. (4) Data base of quarry explosions, that were carried out in Southern, Eastern and Northern Kazakstan during 1995 and first half of 1996 year was adduced. (5) Upon the data of registration of explosions in Southern Kazakstan the correlative dependences between power class of explosions and summary weight of charge were constructed. (6) Seismic records of quarry explosions were adduced. It is necessary to note, that the collection of data about quarry explosions in Kazakstan in present time is very difficult task. Organizations, that makes these explosions, are always suffering reorganizations and sometimes it is actually impossible to receive all the necessary information. Some quarries are situated in remote, almost inaccessible regions, and within the bounds of supplier financing not the every quarry was in success to visit. So the present data base upon the chemical explosions for 1995 is not full and in further it`s expansion is possible.

  12. Language and identification in contemporary Kazakhstan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Munday, Emma Rachel

    2010-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In the years since the dissolution of the Soviet Union Central Asia has experienced wide-reaching and ongoing social change. The structures and values of all social strata have been questioned and re-evaluated in a ...

  13. US, UK, Kazakhstan Secure Radiological Transportation Vehicles...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    than 10 metric tons of highly enriched uranium (HEU); Ongoing conversion of the research reactor at the Institute of Nuclear Physics from HEU to low enriched uranium and the...

  14. Social disruption caused by tobacco growing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marty Otanez

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Central Asia (Almaty, Kyrgyzstan) 2008. 65. Internationalhealth care. 64, 65 Kyrgyzstan: Some schools have required

  15. Understanding Democratic Congruence: A Demand-Supply Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welzel, Christian; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Uganda Tanzania Venezuela Kyrgyzstan Moldova Russia GeorgiaUganda Belarus Russia Kyrgyzstan Macedonia Nigeria Indonesia

  16. Review: How NGOs React: Globalization and Education Reform in the Caucasus, Central Asia, and Mongolia by Iveta Silova and Gita Steiner-Khamsi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schuckman, Hugh E

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Teacher Training in Kyrgyzstan,” for example, the evaluationeducational program in Kyrgyzstan, the orientation targets a

  17. Uranium and other heavy metals in the plant-animal-human food chain near abandoned mining sites and structures in an American Indian community in northwestern New Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samuel-Nakamura, Christine

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    area of Mailuu Su, Kyrgyzstan. Journal of Environmentwas undertaken in Mailuu Suu, Kyrgyzstan, by Vandenhove and

  18. Bookhagen -Curriculum Vitae -1 BODO BOOKHAGEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bookhagen, Bodo

    , south-central Chile, southeast Kyrgyzstan (Tien Shan) Landscape Evolution: Southeast Kyrgyzstan, Kyrgyz

  19. Explaining ratification of human rights treaties : signaling for aid during regional crises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Heather Michelle

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    483. Anderson, John. 1999. Kyrgyzstan: Central Asia’s IslandUnderstanding Politics in Kyrgyzstan,” Demstar Researchin Central Asia: Elections in Kyrgyzstan 1989-1990,” Europe-

  20. Power Politics: The Political Economy of Russia's Electricity Sector Liberalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wengle, Susanne Alice

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Property in Contemporary Kyrgyzstan." Post-Soviet AffairsProperty in Contemporary Kyrgyzstan," Post-Soviet AffairsProperty in Contemporary Kyrgyzstan." The literature on the

  1. The Political Economy of Rule of Law in Middle-Income Countries: A Comparison of Eastern Europe and China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peerenboom, Randall

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Soviet republics. At one end, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, andgenerally similar for Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistanexcept for Kyrgyzstan's surprisingly high 42nd percentile

  2. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DPRK) Korea (ROK) Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia LebanonDPRK) Korea (ROK) Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia LebanonKorea, South Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon Liberia

  3. How Can Child Labor Lead to an Increase in Human Capital of Child Laborers and What Are Policy Implications?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luong, Quoc Viet

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    52 APPENDIX 1: A STORY OF KYRGYZSTAN - CHILDREN LABOR TO PAYReport APPENDIX 1: A STORY OF KYRGYZSTAN - CHILDREN LABOR TOPAY SCHOOL FEES KYRGYZSTAN: Children labor to pay school

  4. Reforming the American Public Sphere: The Media Reform Models of Progressive Television Journalists in the Era of Internet Convergence and Neoliberalism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fish, Adam

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Winter 2008, UCLA 2007 Kyrgyzstan Participatory MediaSrinivasan, Summer 2007, Kyrgyzstan 2003 Yalahau HumanImplications Within Kyrgyzstan, with Ramesh Srinivasan,

  5. The political economy of labor market liberalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choung, Jinhee Lee

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with domestic production. Kyrgyzstan (1998), Taiwan (1999),Korea Croatia Tunisia Greece Kyrgyzstan Netherlands PakistanKorea Croatia Tunisia Greece Kyrgyzstan Netherlands Pakistan

  6. Music Circulation and Transmission in Tbilisi, Georgia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sebald, Brigita

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Youth in Contemporary Kyrgyzstan. ” Central Asian Survey 29(Youth Spaces’ in Southern Kyrgyzstan. ” Central Asian SurveyYouth Culture in Southern Kyrgyzstan. ” Central Asian Survey

  7. The power of the family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    republic of croatia armenia kyrgyzstan republic of moldovapakistan egypt peru kyrgyzstan macedonia, republic of vietspain romania pakistan kyrgyzstan ireland bulgaria chile

  8. Constitutional Environment and Entrepreneurship: An Empirical Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Wei

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    outcomes. Jamaica Korea (S) Kyrgyzstan Lithuania MadagascarIsrael Jamaica Korea (S) Kyrgyzstan Lithuania MadagascarIsrael Jamaica Korea (S) Kyrgyzstan Lithuania Madagascar

  9. Making migration safer Policy Message

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    : India, Kyrgyzstan, Nepal, Pakistan #12;.......................... Remittance economies in Asia Migration

  10. LAND RESOURCES AND HOUSEHOLD STRATEGIES IN A CHANGED SOCIO-ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT -SOKOLUK RIVER BASIN (TIEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    BASIN (TIEN SHAN, KYRGYZSTAN) Jyldyz Shigaeva (International University of Kyrgyzstan, Bishkek), Almaz Shanazarov (International University of Kyrgyzstan, Bishkek), Michael Kollmair (Department of GeographyD study at the International University of Kyrgyzstan in Bishkek funded by the National Centre

  11. Essays on International Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cravino, Javier Pablo

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Italy Japan Kenya Korea Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania MalawiItaly Japan Kenya Korea Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Malawi

  12. Regulatory Science in a Developing State: Environmental Politics in Chile, 1980-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barandiaran, Javiera

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a gold mine in Kumtor, Kyrgyzstan, owned by another Toronto-projects/kumtor-gold-mine-kyrgyzstan. It is an interesting

  13. Explaining the causes and consequences of internationally monitored elections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyde, Susan Dayton

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CIS mission to Moldova and Kyrgyzstan because of the CIS’sFaso Equatorial Guinea Kyrgyzstan Burundi Estonia Laos

  14. Differential Item Functioning: The Consequence of Language, Curriculum, or Culture?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Xiaoting

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the Uzbek version from Kyrgyzstan; the deviation: the AzeriKyrgyz version from Kyrgyzstan; the Russian version from

  15. Oil and gas resources of the Fergana Basin (Uzbekistan, Tadzhikistan, and Kyrgyzstan)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This analysis is part of the Energy Information Administration`s (EIA`s) Foreign Energy Supply Assessment Program (FESAP). This one for the Fergana Basin is an EIA first for republics of the former Soviet Union (FSU). This was a trial study of data availability and methodology, resulting in a reservoir-level assessment of ultimate recovery for both oil and gas. Ultimate recovery, as used here, is the sum of cumulative production and remaining Proved plus Probable reserves as of the end of 1987. Reasonable results were obtained when aggregating reservoir-level values to the basin level, and in determining general but important distributions of across-basin reservoir and fluid parameters. Currently, this report represents the most comprehensive assessment publicly available for oil and gas in the Fergana Basin. This full report provides additional descriptions, discussions and analysis illustrations that are beneficial to those considering oil and gas investments in the Fergana Basin. 57 refs., 22 figs., 6 tabs.

  16. Oil and gas resources of the Fergana basin (Uzbekistan, Tadzhikistan, and Kyrgyzstan). Advance summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA), in cooperation with the US Geological Survey (USGS), has assessed 13 major petroleum producing regions outside of the United States. This series of assessments has been performed under EIA`s Foreign Energy Supply Assessment Program (FESAP). The basic approach used in these assessments was to combine historical drilling, discovery, and production data with EIA reserve estimates and USGS undiscovered resource estimates. Field-level data for discovered oil were used for these previous assessments. In FESAP, supply projections through depletion were typically formulated for the country or major producing region. Until now, EIA has not prepared an assessment of oil and gas provinces in the former Soviet Union (FSU). Before breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Fergana basin was selected for a trial assessment of its discovered and undiscovered oil and gas. The object was to see if enough data could be collected and estimated to perform reasonable field-level estimates of oil and gas in this basin. If so, then assessments of other basins in the FSU could be considered. The objective was met and assessments of other basins can be considered. Collected data for this assessment cover discoveries through 1987. Compared to most other oil and gas provinces in the FSU, the Fergana basin is relatively small in geographic size, and in number and size of most of its oil and gas fields. However, with recent emphasis given to the central graben as a result of the relatively large Mingbulak field, the basin`s oil and gas potential has significantly increased. At least 7 additional fields to the 53 fields analyzed are known and are assumed to have been discovered after 1987.

  17. Competing for Capital: The Diffusion of Bilateral Investment Treaties, 1960-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elkins, Zachary; Guzman, Andrew T; Simmons, Beth

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Zimbabwe-Sri Lanka, Croatia- Iran, Thailand Kazakhstan,Zimbabwe-Kazakhstan,Croatia-Kazakhstan. Sweden also participated and concluded a

  18. Kazakhstan-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the Philippines, Serbia, and Vietnam. Fact Sheet...

  19. Kazakhstan-Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Efficiency, Food Supply, Industry, People and Policy Topics - Energy Access, - Energy Security, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways...

  20. U.S. - Kazakhstan Cooperation on Nuclear Security and Nonproliferation |

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA groupTuba City,EnrichedSupplemental Directives |

  1. Kazakhstan-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtelInteriasIowa: EnergyKanabec County,Kaolin ADKaw

  2. Kazakhstan-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtelInteriasIowa: EnergyKanabec County,Kaolin ADKaw(CTI PFAN) | Open

  3. Kazakhstan-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii |Island,Kas Farms Wind Farm

  4. Kazakhstan-Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii |Island,Kas Farms Wind FarmEconomies in Central

  5. Compiling RES Legislation for Kazakhstan | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovationin UrbanCityCoatedCommunityCompacTecMenlo AvenueCompiling RES

  6. Deputy Secretary Poneman Visits Kazakhstan | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T,Office of Policy,Policy Act ImplementingAL 2010-07EmbassiesDeputy Secretary

  7. Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Seminar in Kazakhstan | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ | RoadmapRenewable Energy RFPsInformation

  8. Deputy Secretary Poneman Visits Kazakhstan | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you0andEnergyGlobal Nuclearof aDepartment- the MilitaryPoland

  9. US-Kazakhstan Energy Partnership | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin Baxin HydropowerTrinityTurnbullGlobal Map-Annex 1EIAUS|

  10. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Yenikeyeff, Shamil (2008), “Kazakhstan’s Gas: Export MarketsRussian Federation Libya Kazakhstan Nigeria Canada US Qatarconnecting Atasu in Northern Kazakhstan with Alashankou in

  11. Minerals yearbook: Mineral industries of Europe and central Eurasia. Volume 3. 1992 international review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Volume III, Minerals Yearbook -- International Review contains the latest available mineral data on more than 175 foreign countries and discusses the importance of minerals to the economies of these nations. Since the 1989 International Review, the volume has been presented as six reports. The report presents the Mineral Industries of Europe and Central Eurasia. The report incorporates location maps, industry structure tables, and an outlook section previously incorporated in the authors' Minerals Perspectives Series quinquennial regional books, which are being discontinued. This section of the Minerals Yearbook reviews the minerals industries of 45 countries: the 12 nations of the European Community (EC); 6 of the 7 nations of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA); Malta; the 11 Eastern European economies in transition (Albania, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, and Slovenia); and the countries of Central Eurasia (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan).

  12. Federal Government Congressional Budget Office, Budget Analysis Division Washington, DC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyy, Wei

    Charlotte, NC Gallaher Kazakhstan, Security & Brand Integrity Almaty Oblast, Kazakhstan GMMB Washington, DC

  13. Temporal Regulation of Gene Expression of the Thermus thermophilus Bacteriophage P23-45

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chait, Brian T.

    of Republic of Kazakhstan, Kazakhstan 3 The Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10065, USA 4 Stowers

  14. DESY03188 November 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Science of Kazakhstan, Almaty, Kazakhstan D. Son Kyungpook National University, Center for High Energy

  15. APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, 0099-2240/97/$04.00 0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaritsky, Arieh

    , Uzbekistan2 ; and Institute of Zoology, Kazakhstan Academy of Science, Kazakhstan3 Received 20 March 1997

  16. The Fantasy and Fear of Chernobyl's Ruins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rotfeld, Masha

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    dry bed of the Aral Sea, Kazakhstan. n.d. Irrigation tappigbrash and grandiose” Astana, Kazakhstan’s capitol is theTomorrowland: Astana, Kazakhstan’s New Grandiose Capital

  17. Previous Research constrained

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    in Kyrgyzstan tend to be symmetrical and emphasize reciprocity. Design Ethnography for Mobile Social Software and cultural importance of informal family and friend networks in the country of Kyrgyzstan. Why Kyrgyzstan

  18. Russophonia: Towards a Transnational Conception of Russian-Language Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caffee, Naomi Beth

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    University, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, May 24–5, 2012. http://Culture and Power in Kyrgyzstan. Central Eurasia in Context.Chingiz Aitmatov of Kyrgyzstan, and Bakhytzhan Kanap’ianov

  19. Tobias Bolch Rezenter Gletscherschwund und Klimawandel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolch, Tobias

    Tobias Bolch Rezenter Gletscherschwund und Klimawandel im nördlichen Tien Shan (Kasachstan/Kyrgyzstan). Sie befinden sich im kontinentalen Bereich des südlichen Ka- sachstans an der Grenze zu Kyrgyzstan

  20. Karl Herweg Natalie Schfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Saphangthong (Lao PDR) Hung Nguyen-Viet (Vietnam) Jyldyz Shigaeva (Kyrgyzstan) Laya Prasad Uprety (Nepal) Tina Training Course in Kyrgyzstan, 2003; communicating beyond disciplinary, cultural, and language boundaries

  1. Bildung als Mittel sozialen Aufstiegs und gesellschaftlichen Fortschritts Education as a means of social advancement and societal progress

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    / by Ursula Kocher Aufwachsen in Kirgisistan Growing up in Kyrgyzstan von / by Doris Bühler Kindheitsforschung Aufwachsen in Kirgisistan A sociological childhood research project: Growing up in Kyrgyzstan von

  2. Climate change risk assessment: Missing the wood for the trees?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stevenson, Paul

    outlook"... Model simulations of future annual energy production at Kairakkum, Tajikistan. Source: EBRD

  3. The political economy of labor market liberalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choung, Jinhee Lee

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lanka Mozambique Peru Kazakhstan Korea Georgia SwitzerlandThailand (2004), and Kazakhstan In addition to globalizationVietnam Taiwan Mozambique Kazakhstan Ukraine Georgia Korea

  4. Terrestrial Water Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodell, M; Chambers, D P; Famiglietti, Jay

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Leba- non, Syria, West Kazakhstan, Armenia, Georgia, andterm mean. In western Kazakhstan, at the Caspian Sea, and into most areas; in western Kazakhstan tem- peratures were

  5. Evaluating greenhouse gas emissions inventories for agricultural burning using satellite observations of active fires

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Hsiao-Wen; Jin, Yufang; Giglio, Louis; Foley, Jonathan A; Randerson, James T

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    India, Indonesia, Thailand, Kazakhstan, Mexico, and Nigeria)Indonesia, Thailand, Kazakhstan, Mexico, and Nigeria werehot spots across northern Kazakhstan, along the coast of

  6. Muslim Women at a Crossroads: Gender and Development in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Cindy

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in post-Soviet Kazakhstan. ” In The Transformation ofXinjiang (est. )  China  Kazakhstan  Russia  Uyghurs havekidnapping in post-Soviet Kazakhstan. In my understanding,

  7. Generational Politics: Narratives of Power in Central Asia's Visual Culture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khudonazar, Anaita

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Library of Republic of Kazakhstan. Department of Press.Library of Republic of Kazakhstan. Print. Fig. 22. Reading1937. National Library of Kazakhstan. Department of Press.

  8. Groundwater and Terrestrial Water Storage, 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodell, M; Chambers, D P; Famiglietti, J S

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lebanon, Syria, western Kazakhstan, Armenia, Georgia, andthe south Caucasus and west Kazakhstan were dry. Armenia hadwere detected over Russia and Kazakhstan. The anomaly lasted

  9. Sovereign Wealth Funds: Stylized Facts about their Determinants and Governance*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua; Glick, Reuven

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Algeria Brunei Korea Kazakhstan Venezuela Malaysia Nigeriac Algeria Brunei Korea Kazakhstan Venezuela Malaysia NigeriaFund for the Republic of Kazakhstan National Development

  10. Terrestrial Remotely Sensed Imagery in Support of Public Health: New Avenues of Research Using Object-Based Image Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Maggi

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Bubonic Plague in Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of Anais XIVTegucigalpa, Honduras Kazakhstan Accra, Ghana Northernvector habitat. In Kazakhstan the great gerbil (Rhombomys

  11. Essays in Open Economy Monetary Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castro, Pedro

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Croatia Jordan Denmark Kazakhstan Dominican Republic EgyptJamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Latvia Lebanon MauritiusEgypt India Jordan Kazakhstan Pakistan Russia Tunisia

  12. The European tobacco control report 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Minister of Health, Kazakhstan Dr Tomas Stanikas, LithuanianISTAT) (unpublished document). Kazakhstan 23.1 Data for 2001of population of Kazakhstan, 2004. WHO World Health Survey,

  13. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea (DPRK) Korea (Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea (DPRK) Korea (Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea (DPRK) Korea (

  14. Fate of Radionuclides in Wastewater Treatment Plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shabani Samgh Abadi, Farzaneh

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    can be mined in Niger, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Gabon, 4)can be found in China, Kazakhstan, Russian Federation andCanada, Australia and Kazakhstan. During the period between

  15. 2002 The Society for the Study of Evolution. All rights reserved. Evolution, 56(7), 2002, pp. 14031415

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volis, Sergei

    Physiology, Genetics and Bioengineering, Almaty 480090, Kazakhstan 5The Main Botanical Garden of Kazakhstan, Almaty 480062, Kazakhstan Abstract. Populations of wild barley, Hordeum spontaneum Koch, were collected

  16. Contemporary Korean/American Evangelical Missions: Politics of Space, Gender, and Difference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Ju Hui Judy

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Azerbaijan, Iraq, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan. The third casemillion ethnic Koreans in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan fallAviv, Israel; Almaty, Kazakhstan; Pyongyang, North Korea;

  17. The nature of unusual luminescence in natural calcite, CaCO3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaft, M.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for pink calcite from Kazakhstan. After heating the pinkmodels have been proposed. In Kazakhstan samples an elevatedal. 1973, 1976). We studied a Kazakhstan calcite sample with

  18. Stumbling Toward Capitalism: The State, Global Production Networks, and the Unexpected Emergence of China's Independent Auto Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Crystal Whai-ku

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Brazil, Ecuador, Ghana, Kazakhstan, Russia, Turkmenistan,shares are concentrated in Kazakhstan, Sudan, Venezuela, andIraq, Kuwait, Libya and Kazakhstan (Jiang and Sinton 2011:

  19. "A Sacred Space Is Never Empty": Soviet Atheism, 1954-1971

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smolkin-Rothrock, Victoria

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Philosophy in the Kazakhstan Academy of Sciences,of Philosophy and Law in Kazakhstan. Graduate students atKrasnodar region, and Kazakhstan and to hold top positions

  20. Music Circulation and Transmission in Tbilisi, Georgia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sebald, Brigita

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Work in Almaty, Kazakhstan. ” Critique of Anthropologyand Property Rights in Kazakhstan. ” Property in Question:Networks and Statehood in Kazakhstan. ” Nationalities Papers

  1. Capital flows and economic growth in the era of financial integration and crisis, 1990-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua; Jinjarak, Yothin; Park, Donghyun

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the results of comparing Kazakhstan and Thailand for theis relatively higher in Kazakhstan throughout the decade.whereas the flow to Kazakhstan declined. It is possible that

  2. SELECT INTERNATIONAL INTERNSHIPS 2003-2007 GRADUATE CAREER SERVICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyy, Wei

    Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan Almaty, Kazakhstan Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ecuadorian Institute, Bulgaria United Nations Development Fund for Women Almaty, Kazakhstan UN Economic & Social Commission

  3. Taking On Goliath - Civil Society's Leadership Role in Tobacco Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Open Society Institute

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Role in Tobacco Control Kazakhstan Moldova Romania UkraineIntroduction Case Studies Kazakhstan Moldova Romania UkraineSadykova (“For Smoke- free Kazakhstan”); Irina Zatushevski (

  4. The Borat Problem In Contract Law: Fraud, Assent, And Standard Forms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Korobkin, Russell

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan (http://www.imdb.com/Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan, 1 English comedian SachaGlorious Nation of Kazakhstan (Four by Two Productions,

  5. Consumption-based accounting of CO2 emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, S. J; Caldeira, K.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Soviet Union (Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Belarus, and Russia),kg CO 2 /$GDP FSS Ukraine Kazakhstan Iran East Asia BelarusAsia China South Africa Kazakhstan Malaysia Russia Thailand

  6. Russophonia: Towards a Transnational Conception of Russian-Language Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caffee, Naomi Beth

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    polygon. Alma-Ata: Kazakhstan, 1992. ______________. 29Community’ in Soviet Kazakhstan. An Historical Analysis ofin Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan. In chapter 3 I discuss the

  7. Anthropogenic emissions during Arctas-A: mean transport characteristics and regional case studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrigan, D. L; Fuelberg, H. E; Simpson, I. J; Blake, D. R; Carmichael, G. R; Diskin, G. S

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    burning in Siberia and Kazakhstan as an important source forand continue eastward over Kazakhstan and then turn north toagricultural burning in Kazakhstan and south- ern Russia as

  8. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guyana Indonesia Jordan Kazakhstan Kyrgyz Republic Laoof Iraq Jamaica Jordan Kazakhstan Macedonia, FYR MaldivesJamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea Kuwait Kyrgyz

  9. Ties That Do Not Bind: Russia and the International Liberal Order

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krickovic, Andrej

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with Belarus and Kazakhstan that promote an alternativeof Belarus, Russia and Kazakhstan, as counterweights tofrom Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan to European markets without

  10. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, Dem. Rep.New Zealand Iceland Kazakhstan Korea, Dem. Rep. BulgariaChina Croatia Grenada Jamaica Kazakhstan Korea, Rep. Lebanon

  11. Observations of nonmethane organic compounds during ARCTAS - Part 1: Biomass burning emissions and plume enhancements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    burning in Siberia and Kazakhstan as an important source forgrassland fires in Kazakhstan (Warneke et al. , 2009) duringfires from East Asia/Kazakhstan. Likewise there was no sta-

  12. Stories of the Twentieth Century for the Twenty-First

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gourinchas, Pierre-Olivier; Obstfeld, Maurice

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    while four more (Hungary, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Slovenia)Brazil, Peru, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Bulgaria,Republic in 2003, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Russia, Slovenia, and

  13. Social disruption caused by tobacco growing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marty Otanez

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Child labour still blights Kazakhstan: too little being doneand cotton growing in Kazakhstan. Almaty: ILO/MOT; 2006. 66.excessively long hours. 63 Kazakhstan: Children as young as

  14. Between Moscow and Baku: National Literatures at the 1934 Congress of Soviet Writers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schild, Kathryn Douglas

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    trips, Russian brigades to Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, and Kara-11, 1934. writers to Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan; and sent aof Ukraine, Tataria, Kazakhstan, and Armenia to give them

  15. Towards an Intellectual Property Bargaining Theory: The Post-WTO Era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benoliel, Daniel; Salama, Bruno

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    since January 29, 1996, Kazakhstan has been unsuccessful inId. Id. Id. Id, NTE – Kazakhstan. TOWARDS AN INTELLECTUALthe matter. 328 Argentina, Kazakhstan, and Pakistan, three

  16. The Russian Male Macho Register and Performances of Masculinity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garey, Amy

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Press. Dave, Bhavna 2007 Kazakhstan: Ethnicity, Language andAstana.kz” from Astana, Kazakhstan spoofed an interactions relationship with Kazakhstan and a reversal of ethnic

  17. “The Language of the Sword”: Alexksandr Bek, The Writers Union and Baurdzhan Momysh-uly in Battle for the memory of Volokolamskoe shosse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schechter, Brandon

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    unusual unit, one formed in Kazakhstan at the beginning ofkazakham,” 18; Bhavna Dave, Kazakhstan: Ethnicity, languageideological work in Kazakhstan, Momysh-uly’s friend and

  18. Shape Your Future BaSed on Your

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Georgia and Kyrgyzstan. Some intriguing research projects that our students have worked on include: n

  19. Shock Therapy in Poland: Perspectives of Five Years

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , 1992; Mongolia, since 1991; Kyrgyzstan, 1993. In addition I have led several cross-country studies

  20. Phytologia (August 2008) 90(2)208 TAXONOMIC STUDY OF JUNIPERUS EXCELSA AND J.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    of J. polycarpos K. Koch. from Armenia, Kazakhstan, Pakistan and Turkmenistan has been examined using from Armenia, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan. Myrcene is a large component in the oils from Kazakhstan and Kazakhstan sites. Should thes

  1. Allozyme Variation in Turkmenian Populations of Wild Barley, Hordeum spontaneum Koch.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volis, Sergei

    The Institute of Plant Physiology, Genetics and Bioengineering, Almaty, 480090, Kazakhstan, }The Main Botanical Garden of Kazakhstan, Almaty, 480062, Kazakhstan, **The Institute of Plant Physiology, Genetics and Bioengineering, Almaty, 480090, Kazakhstan and ***The Institute for Desert Research, The Turkmenian Academy

  2. Plant genetics, sustainable agriculture and global food security.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronald, Pamela

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    are particularly appar- ent in Kazakhstan where local foodday, 94% of households in Kazakhstan use iodized salt, and

  3. International Lead and Zinc Study Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    Peru 31 23 Pérou 31 24 Russian Federation 32 24 Fédération de Russie 32 25 Kazakhstan 32 25 Kazakhstan

  4. Contribution of ocean, fossil fuel, land biosphere, and biomass burning carbon fluxes to seasonal and interannual variability in atmospheric CO 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Antarctica Key Biscayne FL Kumukahi HA Kazakhstan SaryTau Kazakhstan Plateau Wisconsin Tower La Jolla CA Lampedusa

  5. Source attributions of pollution to the Western Arctic during the NASA ARCTAS field campaign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    burning in Siberia and Kazakhstan as an important source forprimar- ily over Russia/Kazakhstan in April and over North

  6. Problem Solving and Psychological Traps* Jennifer Priestley and William Hakes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Priestley, Jennifer Lewis

    of Kazakhstan greater than 20 million? B. What is the population of Kazakhstan? If you are like most people

  7. Immobilization of Cesium Traps from the BN-350 Fast Reactor (Aktau, Kazakhstan)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. A. Michelbacher; C. Knight; O. G. Romanenko; I. L. Tazhibaeva; I. L. Yakovlev; A. V. Rovneyko; V. I. Maev; D. Wells; A. Herrick

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During BN-350 reactor operations and also during the initial stages of decommissioning, cesium traps were used to decontaminate the reactor’s primary sodium coolant. Two different types of carbon-based trap were used – the MAVR series, low ash granulated graphite adsorber (LAG) contained in a carrier designed to be inserted into the reactor core during shutdown; and a series of ex-reactor trap accumulators(TAs) which used reticulated vitreous carbon (RVC) to reduce Cs-137 levels in the sodium after final reactor shutdown. In total four MAVRs and seven TAs were used at BN-350 to remove an estimated cumulative 755 TBq of cesium. The traps, which also contain residual sodium, need to be immobilized in an appropriate way to allow them to be consigned as waste packages for long term storage and, ultimately, disposal. The present paper reports on the current status of the implementation phase, with particular reference to the work done to date on the trap accumulators, which have the most similarity with the cesium traps used at other reactors.

  8. DOE/NE Sponsors a U.S. - Kazakhstan Civilian Nuclear Energy Workshop...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and severe accidents. Other areas of potential future cooperation include validation testing of modern simulation tools and education programs, especially the possibility for...

  9. Strontium-85 and plutonium-239 sorption in rock samples from the Semipalatinsk Test Site, Kazakhstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mason, C.F.V.; Lu, N.; Marusak, N.L.; Scheber, B.; Chipera, S. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Daukeyev, D.; Khromushin, I. [National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Almaty (Kazakhstan)

    1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The adsorption and desorption of strontium and plutonium were studied as a function of rock type and simulated ground waters from the Semipalatinsk Test Site (STS). Seven different rock types were obtained from the Balapan Region of the STS and were subjected to x-ray diffraction analyses. Two different ground waters were simulated using data supplied by the National Nuclear Center. The results indicate the sorption of strontium is strongly dependent on the minerals present in the rock species and on the total ionic strength of the ground water whereas, in all cases, plutonium was strongly irreversibly sorbed.

  10. Use of plasma fuel systems at thermal power plants in Russia, Kazakhstan, China, and Turkey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karpenko, E.I.; Karpenko, Y.E.; Messerle, V.E.; Ustimenko, A.B. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ulan Ude (Russian Federation). Institute of Thermal Physics

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The technology of plasma ignition of solid fuels is described, as well as its creation and development steps, the technoeconomic characteristics of plasma igniter systems, schemes of their installation in pulverized-coal boilers, and results of their application at pulverized coal-fired power plants.

  11. Land use changes and raptor conservation in steppe habitats of Eastern Kazakhstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrete, Martina

    Hidrologi´a, Universidad de Murcia, 30100 Espinardo, Murcia, Spain c Institute of Zoology, Akademgorodok

  12. Power in Transition: The Spatial Variation of Territorial Cohesion in Kazakhstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burke, Cristin

    2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Studies of territorial cohesion combine aspects of effective national territory and spatial inequalities, focusing on better integration of regions through balanced economic growth, reducing regional disparities, and ...

  13. A statistical approach to estimation of bitumen distribution in the Tengiz reservoir, Kazakhstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hallager, W.S.; Robertson, B.; Chambers, K. [Tengizchevroil, San RAmon, CA (United States)] [and others

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Solid bitumen occludes approximately two porosity units of Tengiz reservoir porosity. Neutron, density and sonic logs overestimate porosity at Tengiz because they do not adequately distinguish solid bitumen from movable oil. It has, therefore, been necessary to estimate the amount and distribution of bitumen in order to correct for its impact on field reserves. The origin of the solid bitumen has not yet been resolved. We have therefore taken a statistical approach to bitumen distribution. Several hundred bitumen analyses indicate an inhomogeneous distribution of bitumen at Tengiz Higher volume percentages are present in the Bashkirian and Serpukhovian age carbonates near the top of the reservoir. Although core descriptions and chemical analyses show some lateral variation in bitumen abundance across the field, there is no recognizable pattern to that variation. Based on bitumen analytical data we have subdivided the reservoir into three statistically distinct groups of formations. We used bitumen and porosity analyses obtained by VolgogradNIPIneft on individual core plugs to calculate an expected log response for those samples. The results were used to build a log porosity to effective porosity cloud transform. Sequential Indicator Simulation was then applied to the digitized log data to develop a 3-D porosity cube for Tengiz. Our cloud transform was applied to that cube to predict effective porosities fieldwide.

  14. United States Department of Energy and the Republic of Kazakhstan Ministry

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA groupTuba City,EnrichedSupplemental Directives |and Radioactive WasteNuclearof

  15. DOE/NE Sponsors a U.S. - Kazakhstan Civilian Nuclear Energy Workshop at

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T,Office of Policy, OAPMMilestone | DepartmentEA - 0942 E N v8 AUDIT REPORTMayIdaho

  16. U.S. and Kazakhstan Strengthen Energy Ties During Secretary Bodman's Visit

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E Ambassadors and U.S. DEPARTMENT OFEnergy Alice| Department

  17. Kazakhstan-Supporting RBEC Transition to Low-Emission Development | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii |Island,Kas Farms Wind FarmEconomies in

  18. U.S. Works With Kazakhstan to Stop Nuclear and Radioactive Material

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2, 2015 -Helicopter Accident atConference |Energy Road Map:Wind

  19. U.S. and Kazakhstan Strengthen Energy Ties During Secretary Bodman's Visit

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2, 2015 -Helicopter Accident atConference |Energy| Department of Energy

  20. U.S., Kazakhstan Agree to Areas of Cooperation in Civil Nuclear Energy |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssuesEnergyTransportation&DepartmentFurther the, Canada,

  1. DOE/NE Sponsors a U.S. - Kazakhstan Civilian Nuclear Energy Workshop at

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you0and Transparency,8-9612-985-2007Supplemental Environmental67Idaho National

  2. U.S. Works With Kazakhstan to Stop Nuclear and Radioactive Material

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideoStrategic|IndustrialCenterMarchC.DepartmentTexasof Energy Wind

  3. SHAHNOZA BOBOEVA Columbia University, The Fu Foundation School of Engineering and Applied Science New York, NY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SHAHNOZA BOBOEVA EDUCATION Columbia University, The Fu Foundation School of Engineering and Applied, Economic Theory PROJECT EXPERIENCE Columbia University Master's Thesis New York, NY Potential of Air Branch of Technological University of Tajikistan Khujand, Tajikistan Faculty "Agrotechnology" 2004

  4. Tools and Technology Article Assessing Estimators of Snow Leopard Abundance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    Community Business Forum, per. Pozharskogo d. 1 Bishkek, 720035, Kyrgyzstan ABSTRACT The secretive nature of Kyrgyzstan and China. During June­December 2005, adjusted sign averaged 46.3 (SaryChat), 94.6 (Jangart

  5. 17 System Dynamics in Transdisciplinary Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    in Kyrgyzstan, we illustrate how the use of system dynamics helped to deal with the complexity of the problems management; Kyrgyzstan. #12;Research for Sustainable Development: Foundations, Experiences, and Perspectives

  6. MATCHING IMAGE FEATURE STRUCTURES USING SHOULDER ANALYSIS METHOD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kovalerchuk, Boris

    at them. Consider the two satellite images of a lake in Kyrgyzstan in Fig. 1. Fig. 1. Two images of the lake Sonkyl in Kyrgyzstan. Feature extraction programs can be used to construct numerous polylines

  7. Stefan Salzmann Migration for education: Studying abroad and return to the home country.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    migration for education and therewith of overall migration issues regarding post-soviet Kyrgyzstan-structured interviews with post graduates between one and to five years after they had returned to Kyrgyzstan. While

  8. It's time to control brucellosis in Central Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    . Photo: J. Zinsstag (Right) Milk cream separator in Kyrgyzstan. Unpasteurised dairy products are a health decrease the number of cases in humans. Case studies featured here were conducted in: Kyrgyzstan #12

  9. Transit time distributions in Lake Issyk-Kul Darryn W. Waugh,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FCClF2) in Lake Issyk- Kul, Kyrgyzstan [Vollmer et al., 2002] to determine the mean, À, and standard

  10. OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .RUS. BULGARIA CZ.REP. SLO. SLOV. AUS. BOS. & GEORGIA ROMANIA UKRAINE BELARUS UZBEKISTAN KYRGYZSTAN CRO. HERZ

  11. Name School City Country 1 Lycee after Anania Shirakatsy Yerevan Armenia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borissova, Daniela

    Estonia 24 Unesco associated school "BEST" Almaty Kazakhstan 25 Unesco associated school "BEST" Almaty Kazakhstan 26 Unesco associated school "BEST" Almaty Kazakhstan 27 Unesco associated school "BEST" Almaty Kazakhstan 28 Unesco associated school "BEST" Almaty Kazakhstan 29 Unesco associated school "BEST" Almaty

  12. 145H. Kreutzmann (ed.), Pastoral practices in High Asia, Advances in Asian Human-Environmental Research, DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-3846-1_8,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    -Environmental Research, DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-3846-1_8, Abstract Based on a case study in rural Kyrgyzstan, this chapter-pastoralism · Pastures · Uncertainty · Livelihoods · Diversification · Forum shopping · Kyrgyzstan 8.1 Introduction Kyrgyzstan Bernd Steimann © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012 #12;146 B. Steimann react

  13. 16 NaturalResourceInstitutions inTransformation:TheTragedy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    -Soviet Kyrgyzstan. Two main trends have characterised the management of water, agricultural land and pastures since; decentralisation; water; agricultural land; pastures; Kyrgyzstan. #12;Global Change and Sustainable Development 256 North-South perspectives 16.1 Introduction Privatisation and decentralisation in Kyrgyzstan have altered

  14. Directory of Integrated Pest Specialists and Stakeholders in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Transforming Lives #12;KYRGYZSTAN Murat Aitmatov Advisory Training Centre (ATC) of Rural Advisory Services (RAS) 720022, Bishkek, ax: 996-312-682027 43/1 Grajdanskaya St., Kyrgyzstan F E-mail: atc@atc.org.kg Barakanova K Phone: 996-312-647638 Bekboeva Rosa, Ph.D Agrarian Un Bishkek, St., Suerkulova- Kyrgyzstan W Home

  15. Ground-based validation of EOS-Aura OMI NO2 vertical column data in the midlatitude mountain ranges of Tien Shan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Tien Shan (Kyrgyzstan) and Alps (France) D. V. Ionov,1,2 Y. M. Timofeyev,1 V. P. Sinyakov,3 V. K-visible instruments for NO2 vertical column measurements have been operating at Issyk-Kul station, in Kyrgyzstan (Kyrgyzstan) and Alps (France), J. Geophys. Res., 113, D15S08, doi:10.1029/2007JD008659. 1. Introduction [2

  16. Social Research Center American University of Central Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Social Research Center American University of Central Asia KYRGYZSTAN TODAY Policy briefs on CIVIL Kyrgyzstan Today Policy Briefs on Civil Society, Migration, Islam and Corruption ­ B.: 2008. ­ 174 p. ISBN in the political and socio-economic aspects of development of Kyrgyzstan. The opinions of the authors may

  17. Limnol. Oceanogr., 47(4), 2002, 12101216 2002, by the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, Inc.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aeschbach-Hertig, Werner

    and Oceanography, Inc. Rapid deep-water renewal in Lake Issyk-Kul (Kyrgyzstan) indicated by transient tracers, and the chlorofluorocarbons CFC-11 and CFC-12 were measured in Lake Issyk-Kul, a large, deep lake in Kyrgyzstan. Apparent in the Tien Shan mountains of northeast Kyrgyzstan. With a water volume of 1,740 km3 and a maximum depth

  18. November 20, 2009 The Orange Revolution: Five Years Since

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Ning

    ) and Kyrgyzstan (2005). "It is tempting to lump them all together, but these revolutions have some important in Kyrgyzstan there was some low-level violence and looting. All three revolutions took place during-building, and ended up with neither after the conflict in 2008." Kyrgyzstan also failed to democratize--the leadership

  19. Central Asia Regional IPM CRSP Project Report: October 2007-March 2008 Submitted by: Dr. K. Maredia and Dr. D. Baributsa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    conducted in laboratories in Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan. The reproduction cycle of predatory mites has been conducted in Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan to assess the effectiveness of predatory mites in colonizing spider control in cotton fields in the Andijan region (Uzbekistan) and Osh region (Kyrgyzstan) resulted

  20. Dedicated to my late grandfather Making a Living in Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    and Institutional Transformations in Post-Socialist Rural Kyrgyzstan Bernd Steimann Human Geography Series in Post-Socialist Rural Kyrgyzstan / Bernd Steimann ­ Bishkek and Zurich, 2011. (Human Geography Series Printhouse, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan Cover design: Martin Steinmann Layout: Bernd Steimann Cover photo: Yak herder

  1. 14, rue Girardet, CS 4216, 54042, Nancy, FRANCE Thse, prsente par : Irina KOUPLEVATSKAYA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -distribution. A Theoretical Case Study in Kyrgyzstan La Participation des Acteurs d'un Processus de Reforme de la Politique Process: from Democracy Promotion to Power Re-distribution. A theoretical Case Study in Kyrgyzstan La to Power Re-distribution. A theoretical Case Study in Kyrgyzstan Irina KOUPLEVATSKAYA Doctoral applicant

  2. Anara Shakenovna Chakaeva, Senior Researcher Kyrgyz Research Institute of Livestock Breeding and Pastures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Pastures 275-54 Manaschu Sagunbaya Street Bishkek 720010 Kyrgyzstan Tel.: +996 (312) 656188; 996 (312 of Plant Protection Kyrgyzstan Scientific Institute of Livestock Breeding and Pastures 2012, Scientific-54 Manaschu Sagunbaya Street Bishkek 720010 Kyrgyzstan Tel.: +996 (312) 656188; 996 (312) 641981; 0778194276

  3. Video Resources Central Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Ning

    ://archive.org/details/central-asia · Kyrgyzstan: Crisis in Kyrgyzstan: Fuel, Contracts, and Revolution along the Afghan Supply Chain http://www.c-span.org/video/?24094-1/crisis-kyrgyzstan-fuel-contracts-revolution-along- afghan-supply-chain 2:58 Alex Cooley · Cotton

  4. Policy Message Internal migration can improve the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    with cities. In Kyrgyzstan, the passport registration system (propiska in Russian), which regulates internal, education, and health services. Kyrgyzstan is no exception to this phenomenon. A large number of migrants have moved from rural areas to urban areas, especially Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan's capital city and economic

  5. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 10, 647659, 2010 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/10/647/2010/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kääb, Andreas

    and recent regional changes in glacier lakes of the Teskey Ala-Too range, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan C. Narama1, M, Japan 2Department of Physical Geography, Kyrgyz National University, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan 3Department, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan Received: 20 August 2009 ­ Revised: 28 January 2010 ­ Accepted: 29 January 2010

  6. Migration and animal husbandry: Competing or complementary livelihood strategies.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Kyrgyzstan Nadia Schoch, Bernd Steimann and Susan Thieme Abstract Animal husbandry and labour migration; their interlinkages have rarely been examined. Based on a case study in rural Kyrgyzstan, the aim of this paper; Kyrgyzstan. 1. Introduction Processes of agrarian transformations within and across countries have changed

  7. 9/10/2012 1 K. Anne Pyburn Curriculum Vitae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scheiber, Laura L.

    of Ethnology and Archaeology, American University of Central Asia, Kyrgyzstan 1996-04 Associate Professor) and University Information Technology Services (UITS) Community Museums in Kyrgyzstan: New Frontiers Arts and Humanities Program $3500 2010-13 IPINCH: Community Museums in Kyrgyzstan $24,000 2010 The Chau Hiix Capstone

  8. Policy Messages How many students study abroad,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    the country need, and in which disciplines? Kyrgyzstan lacks adequate statistics on these questions. Kyrgyzstan should appropriately recognise foreign PhD degrees to encourage young highly qualified professionals to return to the country. Kyrgyzstan is suffering from a brain drain because many graduates

  9. INSTITUT FR ASIEN-UND AFRIKAWISSENSCHAFTEN ZENTRALASIEN-SEMINAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peters, Achim

    INSTITUT FÜR ASIEN- UND AFRIKAWISSENSCHAFTEN ZENTRALASIEN-SEMINAR Kyrgyzstan today Youth services for women, migrants and youth in Kyrgyzstan Bolotkan Sydykanov Due to lack of information, education and financial resources, young women in the rural areas of Kyrgyzstan do not properly use health

  10. North-South Exchange Research in JACS ALPS Institutions and mechanisms regulating Swiss alpine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Alatoo, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan), Mrs Mira Arynova (Regional coordinator JACS Central Asia, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan), Dr. Claudia Zingerli (University of Zurich, TPP leader); and to Bernd Steimann (University represents only 1/5 of Kyrgyzstan in Central Asia and 1/30 of Mali in West Africa. Swiss citizens are subject

  11. Minor Field Studies No 353 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    -3237 Changing Land Rights, Changing Land Use: Privatisation Drives Landscape Change in Post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan as a consequence of privatisation of agriculture in Kyrgyzstan is based on fieldwork carried out during the summer, Switzerland, as well as CAMP, Central Asian Mountain Partnership, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. Bo Lauri at Swedesurvey

  12. "Should I buy a cow or a Reflections on the conceptual framework of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    on a comparative study of international labour migration in Mexico, India and Kyrgyzstan Joint Working Paper (IP5 on a comparative study of international labour migration in Mexico, India and Kyrgyzstan Bichsel Christine family in India (Photo: Balz Strasser; (lower left): Teachers and wives of migrants in Kyrgyzstan (Photo

  13. The University of Chicago Department of Statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Matthew

    of plague among the great gerbils in Kazakhstan. The great gerbil populations constitute several natural foci to plague (caused by the bacteria Yersinia pestis) in Kazakhstan where the disease may with the Kazakhstan monitoring data. #12;

  14. Court File No. 70075/10 SUPERIOR COURT OF JUSTICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Douglas W.

    number CNS- 052431. 11. In 2005 and 2007, I was invited to Kazakhstan, and in 2006, I was invited. 12. My work in Kazakhstan led to my writing "Kazakhstan: The Sailau E-Voting System", a chapter

  15. Special Supplement to the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodell, M; Chambers, D; Famiglietti, J S

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    can be found in Russia, Kazakhstan, and the Sahel region.amounts occurred in Kazakhstan during 1–19 April. On 12Leba- non, Syria, western Kazakhstan, Armenia, Georgia, and

  16. Pastoralist Mobility and Social Controls In Inner Asia: Experiments Using Agent-Based Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, J. Daniel

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Periods in Southeastern Kazakhstan (Zhetysu). Sweet BriarPatterns in Post-Soviet Kazakhstan. In Rangelands of CentralChina, and eastern Kazakhstan (Cioffi-Revilla et al. , 2007;

  17. Society to 2050 AD: Anthropological Forecasts Extrapolating Correlates of Modernization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denton, Trevor

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Dev elop V1Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Soc NumJamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati V678 Rec V744

  18. Use and analysis of new optimization techniques for decision theory and data mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moreno Centeno, Erick

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dom. Rep. Dom. Rep. Dom. Rep. Kazakhstan Dom. Rep. Czech RepRussia Russia Russia Russia Kazakhstan Dom. Rep. Costa RicaBB- Ba3 Uruguay BBB- Kazakhstan B+ Ba3 Venezuela B Korea Rep

  19. COUNTRY INSTITUTION SIGNING DATE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    .05.2013 www.kobecufs.ac.jp KAZAKHSTAN Kazakh-American University 16.12.2011 www.kau.kz KAZAKHSTAN KazGAS/IEC 10.05.2012 www.kazgasa.kz KAZAKHSTAN JSC Astana Medical University 22.10.2012 www.amu.kz KAZAKHSTAN West-Kazakhstan Marat Ospanov state Medical University 03.03.2014 www.zkgmu.kz KAZAKHSTAN Kostanay

  20. Micropatterned co-cultures of T-lymphocytes and epithelial cells as a model of mucosal immune system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Revzin, Alexander

    for Biotechnology of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Astana 010000, Kazakhstan a r t i c l e i n f o Article history

  1. Unbiased Estimation of Reliability in StressStrength Model and Similar Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petersburg, Russia VASSILY G. VOINOV Kazakhstan Institute of Management, Economics and Strategic Research, Almaty, Kazakhstan Abstract: Some problems related to an application of the unbiased estimators

  2. A supermatrix analysis of genomic, morphological, and paleontological data from crown Cetacea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geisler, Jonathan H; McGowen, Michael R; Yang, Guang; Gatesy, John

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the late Oligocene of Kazakhstan. J Vertebr Paleontol 2000,SC USA: SC USA: SC USA: SC Kazakhstan USA: SC* New Zealand

  3. COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS AFGHANISTAN Kabul University 07.04.2008 http://www.ku.edu.af

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    ://www.sophia.ac.jp KAZAKHSTAN Farabi Kazakh National University 21.12.2006 http://www.kazsu.kz #12;KAZAKHSTAN Kazakh

  4. Environmental Challenges of Climate-Nuclear Fusion: A Case Study of India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badrinarayan, Deepa

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Vol. 29:129 dom, 94 Kazakhstan, 95 Namibia, 96 and Mongolia.between India and Kazakhstan (Jan. 24, 2009), available at

  5. 25615Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 83 / Monday, May 1, 2006 / Notices SUMMARY: This notice announces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Protection of Intellectual Property in Kazakhstan. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, CONTACT: Marideth Sandler, protection of intellectual property rights in Kazakhstan. The Petitioners were the AFL

  6. Microsoft PowerPoint - Dynamics Complexities Accounting for Foreign...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    * Components 4 Major U.S. ImportExport Partners in 2014 Taiwan Japan Russia Euratom Canada Kazakhstan Australia Namibia Euratom Canada China Russia South Africa Kazakhstan...

  7. Department of Energy Nuclear Material Protection, Control, and Accounting Program at the Mangyshlak Atomic Energy Complex, Aktau, Republic of Kazakhstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Case, R.; Berry, R.B.; Eras, A. [and others

    1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the Cooperative Threat Reduction Nuclear Material Protection, Control, and Accounting (MPC and A) Program, the US Department of Energy and Mangyshlak Atomic Energy Complex (MAEC), Aktau, Republic of Kazakstan have cooperated to enhance existing MAEC MPC and A features at the BN-350 liquid-metal fast-breeder reactor. This paper describes the methodology of the enhancement activities and provides representative examples of the MPC and A augmentation implemented at the MAEC.

  8. A study of small explosions and earthquakes during 1961--1989 near the Semipalatinsk Test Site, Kazakhstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khalturin, V.I.; Rautian, T.G. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation). Inst. of Physics of the Earth; Richards, P.G. [Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Palisades, NY (United States)]|[Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States). Dept. of Geological Sciences

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several Russian sources have stated that 343 underground nuclear explosions were conducted during 1961--1989 at the Semipalatinsk Test Site. However, only 282 of them appear to have been described, in the openly available technical literature, with well-determined coordinates; and only 272 have both good locations and magnitudes. The authors have used regional data from 52 stations to study 65 seismic sources initially thought to be in or near the Semipalatinsk region, additional to the 272 underground nuclear explosions with known locations and magnitudes. Of these 65 events, the authors believe 8 are not explosions on the test site, namely: two earthquakes close to the test site; three earthquakes or chemical explosions 100--300 km from the test site; and three events at greater distances from Semipalatinsk. Of the remaining 57 events: 10 were known to be underground nuclear explosions with known locations and the authors have supplied magnitudes where none were previously available; one was a chemical explosion at Degelen; they believe 21 were underground nuclear explosions; 13 were chemical explosions at Balapan; 8 were chemical explosions elsewhere on the test site; three were either nuclear or chemical explosions; and one was either a chemical explosion or a cavity collapse. The largest magnitude of their 44 possible underground nuclear explosions is around 5 (February 4, 1965, obscured at many teleseismic stations by a large Aleutian earthquake). Others lie in the magnitude range 3.5--4.5, and clearly most have sub kiloton yields. Their data set of small events is important for purposes of evaluating the detection capability of teleseismic arrays, and the detection and identification capability of regional stations.

  9. Phlogopite and Quartz Lamellae in Diamond-bearing Diopside from Marbles of the Kokchetav Massif Kazakhstan: Exsolution or Replacement Reaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    L Dobrzhinetskaya; R Wirth; D Rhede; Z Liu; H Green

    2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Exsolution lamellae of pyroxene in garnet (grt), coesite in titanite and omphacite from UHPM terranes are widely accepted as products of decompression. However, interpretation of oriented lamellae of phyllosilicates, framework silicates and oxides as a product of decompression of pyroxene is very often under debate. Results are presented here of FIB-TEM, FEG-EMP and synchrotron-assisted infrared (IR) spectroscopy studies of phlogopite (Phlog) and phlogopite + quartz (Qtz) lamellae in diamond-bearing clinopyroxene (Cpx) from ultra-high pressure (UHP) marble. These techniques allowed collection of three-dimensional information from the grain boundaries of both the single (phlogopite), two-phase lamellae (phlogopite + quartz), and fluid inclusions inside of diamond included in K-rich Cpx and understanding their relationships and mechanisms of formation. The Cpx grains contain in their cores lamellae-I, which are represented by topotactically oriented extremely thin lamellae of phlogopite (that generally are two units cell wide but locally can be seen to be somewhat broader) and microdiamond. The core composition is: (Ca{sub 0.94}K{sub 0.04}Na{sub 0.02})(Al{sub 0.06}Fe{sub 0.08}Mg{sub 0.88})(Si{sub 1.98}Al{sub 0.02})O{sub 6.00}. Fluid inclusions rich in K and Si are recognized in the core of the Cpx, having no visible connections to the lamellae-I. Lamellar-II inclusions consist of micron-size single laths of phlogopite and lens-like quartz or slightly elongated phlogopite + quartz intergrowths; all are situated in the rim zone of the Cpx. The composition of the rim is (Ca{sub 0.95}Fe{sub 0.03}Na{sub 0.02})(Al{sub 0.05}Fe{sub 0.05}Mg{sub 0.90})Si{sub 2}O{sub 6}, and the rim contains more Ca, Mg than the core, with no K there. Such chemical tests support our microstructural observations and conclusion that the phlogopite lamellae-I are exsolved from the K-rich Cpx-precursor during decompression. It is assumed that Cpx-precursor was also enriched in H{sub 2}O, because diamond included in the core of this Cpx contains fluid inclusions. The synchrotron IR spectra of such diamond record the presence of OH{sup -} stretching and H{sub 2}O bending motion regions. Lamellar-II inclusions are interpreted as forming partly because of modification of the lamellae-i in the presence of fluid enriched in K, Fe and Si during deformation of the host diopside; the latter is probably related to the shallower stage of exhumation of the UHP marble. This study emphasizes that in each case to understand the mechanism of lamellar inclusion formation more detailed studies are needed combining both compositional, structural and three-dimensional textural features of lamellar inclusions and their host.

  10. EXHIBIT B

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Macao, Moldova, Mongolia, Myanmar (Burma), North Korea, Peoples' Republic of China, Romania, Russia, Sudan, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and Vietnam)....

  11. Microsoft PowerPoint - 3_Gary and Brian_Wednesday 5-22 Transit...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Enriched Uranium Imports Austria Belgium Taiwan Canada France Germany Italy Japan Kazakhstan Mexico Netherlands China Russia...

  12. Duke University The Fuqua School of Business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reif, John H.

    -Founder Aika Alemi Astana, Kazakhstan Aika was born in Shymkent, Kazakhstan in 1970 and spent part of her music and piano matriculating at Zhubanov Music School in Zhambyl, Kazakhstan (now Taraz) in 1985. After. In 2006 Aika moved to Astana, the capital of Kazakhstan to join KazMunaiGas as Company Secretary

  13. Contact: Christopher Dudley +1-305-456-1625

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miami, University of

    to Track Caspian Sea Sturgeons ATYRAU, KAZAKHSTAN--Scientists working in the Ural River, Kazakhstan, have and scientists from the Research and Production Center for the Fish Industry of the Republic of Kazakhstan satellite tagging to study Caspian Sea sturgeons. Kazakhstan has taken a giant leap forward

  14. Mathematical 2010, Volume 1, Number 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Russia), A.S. Dzu- madildaev (Kazakhstan), D.E. Edmunds (Great Britain), W.D. Evans (Great Britain), V (Germany), A. Hasanoglu (Turkey), P. Jain (India), T.Sh. Kalmenov (Kazakhstan), K.K. Kenzhibaev (Kaza (Russia), T. Mu- ramatu (Japan), E.D. Nursultanov (Kazakhstan), R. Oinarov (Kazakhstan), I.N. Parassidis

  15. Department of Languages and Cultures of Asia University of Wisconsin-Madison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    opportunities. · The economy of Kazakhstan is larger than that of all other Central Asian countries combined, largely due to plentiful natural resources. · In terms of land area, Kazakhstan is the second largest republic of the former Soviet Union and is the ninth largest country in the world. · Kazakhstan`s

  16. A new species of Archaeochrysa Adams (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) from the early Eocene of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Archibald, S. Bruce

    /Kimmeridgian2 Karatau, Kazakhstan Mesypochrysa latipennis Martynov3 LIMN Oxfordian/Kimmeridgian2 Karatau, Kazakhstan Mesypochrysa makarkini Nel, Delclòs, and Hutin4 LIMN Oxfordian/Kimmeridgian2 Karatau, Kazakhstan Mesypochrysa polyclada Panfilov3 LIMN Oxfordian/ Kimmeridgian2 Karatau, Kazakhstan Mesypochrysa reducta

  17. Regional phase excitation and propagation in the Lop Nor region of central Asia and implications for P/Lg discriminants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xie, J. [Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, New York (United States)] [Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, New York (United States); Patton, H.J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico (United States)] [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico (United States)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    {ital Pn} and {ital Lg} spectra for Lop Nor explosions and nearby earthquakes were analyzed for source and propagation effects using a modified inversion method of {ital Xie} [1993]. Spectral analyses were performed on waveform data from Incorporated Research Institution for Seismology, Chinese Digital Seismic Network, Kazakhstan, and Krgyzstan networks. {ital Pn} amplitude variations of a factor of 20 are observed across the small-aperture ({lt} 200 km) Kyrgyzstan network, and are probably related to three-dimensional Moho structure close to the network. Comparisons of {ital Pn} amplitudes and spectral ratios provide evidence for nonisotropic radiation pattern effects in the case of earthquakes and overshoot in explosion time histories. Complex source effects are born out in our inversion results: (1) logarithm of seismic moment (M{sub 0}) from {ital Pn} and {ital Lg} spectra scale linearly with body wave magnitude (m{sub b}) for explosions (5.0{le}m{sub b}{le}6.0) and for earthquakes (4.0{le}m{sub b}{le}5.5); (2) Pn; M{sub 0} estimates are similar to Lg; M{sub 0} for earthquakes but are higher than Lg; M{sub 0} for explosions; (3) corner frequency f{sub c} scale as quarter root of M{sub 0} for explosions and cube root for earthquakes; (4) at the same M{sub 0} level, Pn; f{sub c} are 4{endash}5 times higher than Lg; f{sub c} for earthquakes and explosions; and (5) {ital Pn} source spectra are characterized by significant overshoot for explosions. Our results suggest that the cause of maximum separation between earthquake and explosion populations on plots of P/Lg spectral ratios, which typically occurs for frequencies above explosion Pn f{sub c} (between 2 and 4 Hz for explosions in this study), may be related to overshoot in the reduced velocity potential. {copyright} 1999 American Geophysical Union

  18. Calibrating the MKAR array using transfer functions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Renwald, M. D. (Marie D.); Taylor, S. R. (Steven R.); Wallace, Terry C.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Developing regional discriminants (RDs) at any given seismic station requires a ground-truth database of waveforms from both earthquakes and explosions. Recently installed stations used for seismic monitoring have no single charge explosions on which to base discriminants. We have developed a procedure to map information from surrogate stations, having a long recording history, to newly installed operational stations. We investigated a method to compute transfer functions using known effective 13Ds for a database of earthquakes and explosions located near the Lop Nor nuclear test site and recorded at the KNET array in Kyrgyzstan. For specific source-station paths, transfer functions work well. However, preliminary analysis of India and Pakistan nuclear tests indicate strong azimuthal dependence in the construction of reliable transfer functions. The success of the preliminary work suggests we can apply the same technique to calibrate the recently installed MKAR array using the Global Seismic Network station MAKZ as a surrogate. Both MKAR, an 11-element array operational since 2000, and MAKZ (including its earlier counterpart MAK), operating very broadband instruments since 1994, are located in Eastern Kazakhstan and separated by 25 km. To perform the calibration requires additional considerations not taken into account during the initial investigation: (1) utilizing amplitude spectra, rather than using RDs, to calculate transfer functions; (2) computing transfer functions for a range of azimuths, as we believe the transfer function are azimuthally dependent; and (3) determining whether working with each array element separately or developing a single-input/multiple-output model will provide more stable results and better error estimates.

  19. Risky neighbors and co-ethnic groups : the political logic of fiscal grants in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeong, Jihyeon; Jeong, Jihyeon

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Resistance in Inner Mongolia, China. Asian Ethnicity 12(Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia,in Tibet, Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia (Fravel, 2010; Dreyer,

  20. Neil Calder Tel: 00 33 (0)6 14 16 41 75

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    approved the start of formal interactions with Kazakhstan as a potential new Party to the ITER Agreement Kazakhstan could participate as observers in meetings convened by the ITER Organization prior to possible

  1. The ZEUS Collaboration S. Chekanov, M. Derrick, S. Magill, B. Musgrave, D. Nicholass 1 , J. Repond, R. Yoshida

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .O. Zhautykov Institute of Physics and Technology of Ministry of Education and Science of Kazakhstan, Almaty, Kazakhstan V. Aushev 28 , Y. Aushev 28 , V. Bokhonov, G. Dolinska, O. Go

  2. International Student and Scholar Enrollment & Statistical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    Jamaica 8 Ukraine 11 Japan 57 United Arab Emirates 20 Jordan 45 United Kingdom 33 Kazakhstan 72 Uzbekistan

  3. World Institute for Nuclear Security Workshop at Y-12 Brings...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Indonesia, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Malaysia, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, South Africa, Spain, Taiwan, The Netherlands, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United...

  4. CAYLEY'S THEOREM FOR ORDERED GROUPS: O-MINIMALITY August 10, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baldwin, John T.

    FOR INFORMATICS AND CONTROL PROBLEMS ALMATY, KAZAKHSTAN JOHN T. BALDWIN DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS, STATISTICS PROBLEMS ALMATY, KAZAKHSTAN It has long been known [4] that any group could be represented in a strongly AND CONTROL PROBLEMS ALMATY, KAZAKHSTAN JOHN T. BALDWIN DEP models of an o-minimal theory satisfy

  5. The real gift to Stalin is neither the nuclear test nor the gifts that millions of Soviet children crafted for Stalin's 70th birthday.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    camps, Kazakhstan received thousands of Jews in the 1930s and 1940s, alongside hundreds of thousands of victims of Stalinist repressions and wartime evacua- tion. Today's independent Kazakhstan is home to about, Kazakhstan is larger than Western Europe, rich in resources and in cultural and religious traditions

  6. Serik Sagitov Bitrdande Professor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1997 spring: Consultant in restructuring at the trade company "BUTYA" (Almaty, Kazakhstan) 1995-1997: Part-time lecturer at the Kazak Institute of Economics and Management (Almaty, Kazakhstan) 1978, 1984-1997: Researcher at the Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mathematics, National Academy of Kazakhstan (Almaty

  7. web page: http://w3.pppl.gov/~ zakharov Ignited Spherical Tokamaks for development of power reactor1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zakharov, Leonid E.

    -0451 International Workshop on Experimental Performance of KTM Tokamak, Oct. 10, 2005, Astana, Kazakhstan, 2005 1 Tokamak, Astana, Kazakhstan, Oct. 10-12, 2005PRINCETON PLASMA PHYSICS LABORATORY PPPL 2 #12;Contents 1. Performance of KTM Tokamak, Astana, Kazakhstan, Oct. 10-12, 2005PRINCETON PLASMA PHYSICS LABORATORY PPPL 3 #12

  8. http://w3.pppl.gov/~ development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zakharov, Leonid E.

    ­0451 International Workshop on Experimental Performance of KTM Tokamak, Oct. 10, 2005, Astana, Kazakhstan, 2005 1 Tokamak, Astana, Kazakhstan, Oct. 10­12, 2005 PRINCETON PLASMA PHYSICS LABORATORY PPPL 2 #12; Contents 1. Performance of KTM Tokamak, Astana, Kazakhstan, Oct. 10­12, 2005 PRINCETON PLASMA PHYSICS LABORATORY PPPL 3

  9. Volume 18 Numbers 2, 3, & 4, 2008 (Mis)reading Borat: The Risks of Irony in the Digital Age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan (2006) highlights both the appeal of broad ethnic American news-source to realise [sic] that the world is laughing at America, not Kazakhstan. #12;Anonymous, slandering, defrauding, and deceiving the targets of his mockery--including the entire nation of Kazakhstan

  10. Brief report Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 5X(X): xxx-xxx, 201X doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4202/app.2011.0143

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Archibald, J. David

    .2011.0143 A new eutherian mammal from the Late Cretaceous of Kazakhstan ALEXANDER AVERIANOV, J. DAVID Sea region, Kazakhstan, is attributed to a new taxon of Zhelestidae, Zhalmouzia bazhanovi, gen. et sp Kazakhstan. Zhalmouzia gen. nov. belongs to the endemic clade of Middle Asian zhelestids (Zhelestinae

  11. Department of Languages and Cultures of Asia University of Wisconsin-Madison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    of Kazakhstan is larger than that of all other Central Asian countries combined, due largely to plentiful natural resources. · In area, Kazakhstan was the second largest republic of the former Soviet Union region. · UW-Madison recently signed an agreement with the New University of Astana (Kazakhstan

  12. Model-based Bayesian Seismic Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arora, Nimar S.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    notable in the U.S. and Kazakhstan, where NET-VISA finds atRegion Japan U.S. Italy Kazakhstan LEB NET-VISA Precision36 to 48 ROM bulletin (ISC) Kazakhstan 46 to 86 40 to 55 NNC

  13. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 169188, 2012 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/12/169/2012/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    ) observed two biomass burning plumes orig- inating from North-Western Asia (Kazakhstan) and South- Eastern and satellite measure- ments, we estimate that the Kazakhstan plume is responsible for increases of O3 and CO much dispersion, results in a broad plume structure from the Kazakhstan fires that is approximately 2

  14. Vulpes corsac (Carnivora: Canidae) HOWARD O. CLARK, JR., JAMES D. MURDOCH, DARREN P. NEWMAN, AND CLAUDIO SILLERO-ZUBIRI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayssen, Virginia

    nearly all of the central Asian republics of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Kazakhstan and its range deserti ab Jaco fluvio verus Irtim,'' USSR northern Kazakhstan, steppes between Ural and Irtysh rivers, now in Kazakhstan; further specified as ``near Petro- pavlovsk'' for Vulpes corsak corsak by Ognev

  15. PII S0016-7037(98)00266-X Evidence of fluid inclusions in metamorphic microdiamonds from the Kokchetav massif,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cartigny, Pierre

    the Kokchetav massif, northern Kazakhstan K. DE CORTE,*1,2 P. CARTIGNY,3 V. S. SHATSKY,4 N. V. SOBOLEV,4 and M) Abstract--Microdiamonds from garnet clinopyroxenites of the Kokchetav massif (northern Kazakhstan in ultra-high pressure metamorphic (UHPM) rocks from the Kokchetav massif, northern Kazakhstan (Sobolev

  16. National Center for Digital Government National Center for Digital Government

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    -545-1108 www.umass.edu/digitalcenter September 28, 2007 NCDG Hosts Officials from Kazakhstan The National Kazakhstan on Wednesday, September 26, 2007. Amherst, MA­ The National Center for Digital Government (NCDG) welcomed a delegation of business and government leaders from the Republic of Kazakhstan on Wednesday

  17. (Data in thousand metric tons, gross weight, unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2002, the United States consumed about 14% of world chromite ore production in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -2001): Chromium contained in chromite ore and chromium ferroalloys and metal: South Africa, 50%; Kazakhstan, 20, Kazakhstan, and South Africa) accounted for about 76% of world production. South Africa alone accounts States -- -- -- 7,000 India 1,680 1,900 18,000 39,000 Kazakhstan 2,050 2,300 410,000 410,000 South Africa

  18. 8 | harriman magazine By ROnALD MEyER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Ning

    for just over a year now, stationed in both Washington, D.C., and Almaty, Kazakhstan. What is the mission about economic development in Kazakhstan. The article you're referring to was an op-ed I produced for the EUROBAK (European Business Association of Kazakhstan) Global Monitor, a business magazine based

  19. GROUPE D'ANALYSE ET DE THORIE CONOMIQUE LYON -ST TIENNE WP 1344

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    WP 1344 A small macro econometric model for Kazakhstan-00926223,version1-9Jan2014 #12;1 A small macro econometric model for Kazakhstan: a retrospective/CNRS, University of Lyon3 Abstract This paper presents a quarterly macro econometric model of the Kazakhstan

  20. ALLA BELYAKINA THE HUMAN BEING AS A LEGEND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vonessen, Nikolaus

    - 2006 #12;Kayum Mukhamedkhanov became a legend in his lifetime, a dignified citizen of Kazakhstan and a profound scholar whose research is held in highest regard today in Kazakhstan. During the political of Kazakhstan and the founder of scholarly research on Abai, an educator and a writer, a poet and a translator

  1. _LETTRES, SCIENCES DE L' HOMME ET DES SOCIETES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , the former metropolis, and in Kazakhstan. Based on field studies, this article analyzes this post (Kazakhstan, Kirghizstan, Ouzbékistan, Tadjikistan, Kirghizstan), les oasis turkestanaises s'insèrent dans les'autres fondent leur essor contemporain sur les échanges et les investissements internationaux, tels le Kazakhstan

  2. Z .Chemical Geology 176 2001 265281 www.elsevier.comrlocaterchemgeo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cartigny, Pierre

    of metamorphic microdiamonds from the Kokchetav massif, Kazakhstan: a nitrogen and carbon isotopic study Pierre ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic rocks of the Kokchetav massif in Kazakhstan. Both alluvial diamonds and in . Microdiamonds in the last context occur in metamorphic rocks from the ZKokchetav massif in Kazakhstan Sobolev

  3. Synchrotron infrared and Raman spectroscopy of microdiamonds from Erzgebirge, Germany

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cartigny, Pierre

    of Kazakhstan and the Western Gneiss Region of Norway, and differentiates them from other nitrogen­Mesozoic collisional orogenic belts of Kazakhstan (Kokchetav massif), China (Dabie and Qiadam territories), Norway concentration similar to that of Kazakhstan. In both localities, the diamonds are well preserved, although some

  4. Dairy Sci. Technol. 88 (2008) 327340 Available online at: c INRA, EDP Sciences, 2008 www.dairy-journal.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    bactrianus, Camelus dromedarius and hybrids) milk in Kazakhstan Gaukhar Konuspayeva1 , Émilie Lemarie2, 050073, Almaty, Kazakhstan 2 UMR Qualisud, CIRAD, TA B-95/16, 73 rue J.-F. Breton, 34398 Montpellier regions of Kazakhstan were determined, in different seasons and with different camel species (Bactrian

  5. Ingush Grammar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nichols, Johanna

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    209) A: Kazaxstaan dy yz? Kazakhstan D.be. PRS 3s B: DearaPRS = CUM A: Was this in Kazakhstan? B: No, of course not,So Kazaxstaanie jeai 1s Kazakhstan. ADV J.be born. NW .J I

  6. Two ancient human genomes reveal Polynesian ancestry among the indigenous Botocudos of Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malaspinas, A.-S.; Lao, O.; Schroeder, H.; Rasmussen, M.; Raghavan, M.; Moltke, I.; Campos, P. F.; Santana Sagredo, F.; Rasmussen, S.; Gonçalves, V. F.; Albrechtsen, A.; Allentoft, M. E.; Johnson, P. L. F.; Li, M.; Reis, S.; Bernardo, D. V.; DeGiorgio, M.; Duggan, A. T.; Bastos, M.; Wang, Y.; Stenderup, J.; Moreno-Mayar, J. V.; Brunak, S.; Sicheritz-Ponten, T.; Hodges, E.; Hannon, G. J.; Orlando, L.; Price, T. D.; Jensen, J. D.; Nielsen, R.; Heinemeier, J.; Olsen, J.; Rodrigues-Carvalho, C.; Lahr, M. Mirazón; Neves, W.; Kayser, M.; Higham, T.; Stoneking, M.; Pena, S. D. J.; Willerslev, E.

    2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    as follows: Africa: Bambaran, Dogon, YRI; Europe: CEU, Iraqi, Slovenian; EAsia: CHB, JPT, Thai, Mongolian; CSAsia: Kyrgyzstan, Nepalese, Pakistanis; Americas: Bolivian, Totonac; NewGuineaH: New Guinea Highlands. The reference panel includes around 820...

  7. Competing perspectives on democracy and democratization: assessing alternative models of democracy promoted in Central Asian states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omelicheva, Mariya Y.

    2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    ). President Bush and members of his administration prioritized the right to conduct free and fair elections. The Bush government, for example, hailed the ‘Tulip’ revolution in Kyrgyzstan that unseated the first Kyrgyz President Askar Akayev... as the two primary dimensions of democratization. Following the 2010 parliamentary elections in Kyrgyzstan, President Obama declared that an orderly and peaceful transfer of power in the Kyrgyz parliament was a hallmark of a ‘true democracy...

  8. The Geopolitics of Oil, Gas, and Ecology in the Caucasus and Caspian Sea Basin. 1998 Caucasus Conference Report.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcelon, Marc; Walker, Edward W.; Patten-Wood, Alexandra; Radovich, Aleksandra

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Agency, Caspian Oil and Gas. Paris: Energy Charterforecasting studies on oil and gas projects in Kazakhstan33 Map of oil and gas

  9. 733 | 165 | 23% 97 | 13 | 13%

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    | 2 | 4% Romania 19|4|21% Ukraine 19 | 2 | 11% Russia 51 | 0 |0% Turkey 235|42|18% Kazakhstan 17 | 10

  10. Nuclear Energy Policy University of Nevada ? Reno 27 March...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    IHX High Temp. Gas Duct Steam Reformer *Sea-water desalination *Industrial and district heating *Hydrogen production Kazakhstan, BN- 350 Transportation 15% Heat 55% Electricity...

  11. Microsoft PowerPoint - sun city science club 100506.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    IHX High Temp. Gas Duct Steam Reformer *Sea-water desalination *Industrial and district heating *Hydrogen production Kazakhstan, BN- 350 Transportation 15% Heat 55% Electricity...

  12. Microsoft PowerPoint - nuclear resurgence and spent fuel management...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    IHX High Temp. Gas Duct Steam Reformer *Sea-water desalination *Industrial and district heating *Hydrogen production Kazakhstan, BN- 350 Transportation 15% Heat 55% Electricity...

  13. Slide 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    IHX High Temp. Gas Duct Steam Reformer *Sea-water desalination *Industrial and district heating *Hydrogen production Kazakhstan, BN-350 Transportation 15% Heat 55% Electricity...

  14. Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Inaugural Steering Group Meeting...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    in Vienna, Austria, with all of GNEP's nineteen members, Australia, Bulgaria, Canada, China, France, Ghana, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland,...

  15. allosteric sites implications: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    from the active site. The propeller consists of seven Flp, Vilmos 18 Radionuclide Contamination at Kazakhstans Semipalatinsk Test Site: Implications on Human and...

  16. Terrestrial Water Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodell, M; Chambers, D P; Famiglietti, Jay

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from Pakistan northeastward to Mongolia and parts of easterntal Monitoring, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia Parinussa, Robert M. ,eastern Siberia flowed into Mongolia and Kazakhstan along

  17. Bilateral Cooperation | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Partnerships with Argentina, Brazil, Kazakhstan, the Czech Republic, Jordan, Mongolia, Egypt and the Republic of Korea . International Nuclear Energy Research Initiative (I-NERI)...

  18. Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Angola Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico...

  19. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Angola Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico...

  20. Mathematics Achievement Scale Score

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    Croatia 490 New Zealand 486 Spain 482 Romania 482 Poland 481 Turkey 469 Azerbaijan 463 Chile 462 Thailand Romania 505 Spain 505 Poland 505 TIMSS Scale Centerpoint 500 New Zealand 497 Kazakhstan 495 Norway 494 Kazakhstan 487 Sweden 484 Ukraine 479 Norway 475 Armenia 467 Romania 458 United Arab Emirates 456 Turkey 452

  1. The Lottery Problem Alewyn P Burger + , Werner R Grundlingh # & Jan H van Vuuren #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vuuren, Jan H.

    , Slovenia #35, 5, 5; k# Kansas #35, 6, 6; k# Hungary, Sweden #35, 7, 7; k# Kazakhstan, Yugoslavia #36, 5, 5, Pennsylvania #39, 5, 5; k# Croatia #39, 7, 7; k# Czech Republic #40, 5, 5; k# Ghana, Kazakhstan, Louisiana, New

  2. The Lottery Problem Alewyn P Burger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vuuren, Jan H.

    35, 6, 6; k Hungary, Sweden 35, 7, 7; k Kazakhstan, Yugoslavia 36, 5, 5; k Maine, New Hampshire Czech Republic 40, 5, 5; k Ghana, Kazakhstan, Louisiana, New Zealand, Per´u 40, 6, 6; k Arizona 41, 6, 6

  3. Groupe d'Analyse et de Thorie UMR 5824 du CNRS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    PAPERS W.P. 04-11 Structural reforms, macroeconomic policies and the future of Kazakhstan economy Gilles;Structural reforms, macroeconomic policies and the future of Kazakhstan economy Gilles DUFRENOT (ERUDITE policies and reform strategies that foster economic growth and cut the strong ination rates through

  4. TITANIUM--2003 78.1 References that include a section mark () are found in the Internet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TITANIUM--2003 78.1 1 References that include a section mark (§) are found in the Internet References Cited section. TITANIUM By Joseph Gambogi Domestic survey data and tables were prepared by Robin C status to imports of unwrought titanium from Russia and Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan's Ust-Kamenogorsk Titanium

  5. BY CLASSES, SEPTEMBER 2011 Graduate Students 56. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aalberts, Daniel P.

    Uganda 4 United Arab Emirates 3 United Kingdom 7 Uzbekistan 2 Venezuela 1 Viet Nam 6 Yemen 1 Zimbabwe 6 Switzerland 2 Syrian Arab Republic 1 Taiwan 3 Tajikistan 1 United Republic of Tanzania 2 Thailand 4 Turkey 3's Democratic Republic 2 Lesotho 1 Liberia 1 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 1 Madagascar 1 Malawi 1 Malaysia 1 Mauritius

  6. Saudi Arabia Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Lynn

    India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates Oman China Turkmenistan Turkey Tajikistan United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar Uzbekistan Eritrea Bahrain 02858 00707 #12;Iran Saudi Arabia Oman Pakistan AfghanistanIraq Yemen United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar

  7. ORIGINAL PAPER Water storage loss in central and south Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hwang, Cheinway

    may cause a severe shortage of water sooner than expected. With a climate change that could affect., `Climate change and water shortages closing in on Tajikistan and central Asia', Oxfam, 17 February 2010, India may face a water shortage problem in the near future (Rodell et al. 2009; Tiwari et al. 2009

  8. International Collaboration with the Shutdown of the BN-350 Reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. A. Michelbacher; P.B. Wells; N. Organ; D. Wells

    2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Representatives from the United States and the United Kingdom discussed areas where collaboration on the shutdown of the BN-350 Reactor in Aktau, Kazakhstan would benefit not only Kazakhstan, but would also help to assure the successful shutdown of the reactor. A fundamental understanding of the basis for collaboration has been for each side to ‘add value’ to each of the project areas, rather than simply substitute for each other’s experience. This approach has brought distinct technical and management benefits to the decommissioning activities in Kazakhstan.

  9. Towards a System Dynamics Framework for Un-derstanding Interactions of Head-and Tail-Users

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    -Users in Irrigation Systems in Kyrgyzstan Justus Gallati1 , Bakyt Askaraliev2 , Peter Niederer3 , Daniel Maselli4 1 / NCCR North-South, email: daniel.maselli@cde.unibe.ch Abstract Irrigation and water supply systems;2 1 Introduction Irrigation and water supply systems are of vital importance for agriculture in many

  10. The discussion on improving regu-latory approval for domestic resource

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hadly, Elizabeth

    . The introductory letter in the report carries the headline "Cali- fornia Ranks with Bolivia, Lags Behind Kyrgyzstan jurisdictions worldwide, along- side regimes such as Bolivia, Mongolia, and Guatemala." Fred McMahon, coor such as the alternative energy industry, a key component in the current administra- tion's recovery program

  11. ACADEMIC DELEGATION VISITS 2008 -2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    ACADEMIC DELEGATION VISITS GRAPHICS 2008 - 2014 #12;Europe: Macedonia, Estonia, Romania, Bosnia, Germany, Estonia, Romania, Turkey, Belarus Asia: Kazakhstan, Russia, Thailand, Japan, Armenia, China, Brazil North America: Mexico, Canada Total Visits: 30 Europe: Czech Republic, Latvia, Germany, Romania

  12. Essays in Open Economy Monetary Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castro, Pedro

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Costa Rica Cote dIvoire Croatia Jordan Denmark KazakhstanCosta Rica Cote d’Ivoire Croatia Denmark Dominican RepublicArgentina China Costa Rica Croatia Egypt India Jordan

  13. The past, present, and future of Leishmania genomics and transcriptomics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cantacessi, Cinzia; Dantas-Torres, Filipe; Nolan, Matthew J.; Otranto, Domenico

    2015-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    , Peru Leishmania infantum V, C Old World: Afghanistan, Alba Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulg China, Cyprus, Croatia, Egypt, Iraq, Iran, Israel, Italy, Libyan Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Leban Mauritania, Monaco, Monten Portugal, Syria, Romania, Sen Spain, Sudan...

  14. From Cold War to cold vessels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melrath, C.

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article describes a former Soviet weapons plant which is converted to produce cryogenic vessels and other peaceful cylinders. In 1995, Byelocorp Scientific Inc. (BSI), a New York-based firm that specializes in transferring technologies developed in the former Soviet Union, began converting a huge military defense plant in Kazakhstan into civilian-industrial use. The nearly 750,000-square-foot factory in Almaty, the capital of the former Soviet republic, was previously used to manufacture torpedo shells and ballistic rocket casings. The old defense plant, which was known as Gidromash, will now manufacture cylinders of a kinder, gentler variety--cryogenic vessels. The Kazakhstan operation is being managed jointly with Supco Srl., an Italian manufacturing, engineering, and construction company. With financing from the US Department of Defense, BSI, Supco, and the Kazakhstan government, a new joint venture called Byelkamit (a combination of Byelocorp, Kazakhstan, America, and Italy) was established.

  15. 309ANTHROPOZOOLOGICA 2013 48 (2) Publications Scientifiques du Musum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris. Pazyryk culture,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Scythian funeral rituals has been well known since the excavations conducted by Rudenko in Pazyryk or other sites in Siberia, Mongolia, or Kazakhstan (Rudenko 1970; see also, for example: Bourgeois et al. 2000

  16. Deputy Secretary Daniel Poneman's Remarks to the International...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    remarks, as prepared for delivery, to the International Forum for a Nuclear Weapons-Free World in Astana, Kazakhstan. A fact sheet describing the broad scope of U.S.-Kazakh...

  17. Increasing Well Productivity in Gas Condensate Wells in Qatar's North Field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Nathan

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Condensate blockage negatively impacts large natural gas condensate reservoirs all over the world; examples include Arun Field in Indonesia, Karachaganak Field in Kazakhstan, Cupiagua Field in Colombia,Shtokmanovskoye Field in Russian Barents Sea...

  18. The tropics may be defined as the region between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of1 Capricorn (i.e., within 23.5E N and S latitude), or according to ecozone, based on temperature,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    & Herzegovina, Cambodia, Cuba, Iraq, Lebanon, and Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro). 1 Prof. Jeffrey D. Sachs income levels to natural resources, energy in the cases of Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan, and diamonds

  19. U.S. Policy and the Future of Uzbekistan: Promoting Reform, Security, and Regional Stability 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Capstone Briefing Bush School of Government and Public Service May 10, 2007 Game Structure – 3 Moves Teams – United (US), Russia (RF), Uzbekistan (UZ), Kyrgyzstan (KG), and Islamists Move One Karimov’s plane down in Kyrgyz... territory Uzbeks appoint interim President US and Russia react Move Two Interim President confirmed by election Samarkand rejects election results Uzbek president receives foreign delegations at inaugural Move Three Unrest in Ferghana...

  20. Ogmios 37

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ostler, Nicholas D M

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of minority languages in countries as diverse as the USA, Cyprus, Siberian Russia, China, Tajikistan, Scotland, Morocco, the Basque country, the Channel Islands, Italy and Canada, among others. But what was most striking on the programme was the amount... the concerns of some that such attitudes could hurt its brand, the firm apparently has taken this statement off a major website and promised to build new culturally-themed housing for the group's members. A week ago, the Regrus.ru news portal reported...

  1. TENDER: Grants for Partizipation University of Siegen (Germany) and Qafqaz University (Azerbaijan)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siegen, Universität

    for Partizipation University of Siegen (Germany) and Qafqaz University (Azerbaijan) International Summer School "Security Issues in the South Caucasus and Central Asia" at Siegen (Germany) from August 12th with participants from Azerbaijan, Georgia, Germany and Kazakhstan will focus on security issues arising from

  2. (Data in thousand metric tons gross weight unless otherwise noted) Domestic Production and Use: In 2013, the United States was expected to consume about 6% of world chromite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    primary metal: South Africa, 29%; Kazakhstan, 20%; Russia, 12%; China, 5%; and other 34%. Total imports Normal Trade Relations 12­31­13 Ore and concentrate 2610.00.0000 Free. Ferrochromium: Carbon more than 4% 7202.41.0000 1.9% ad val. Carbon more than 3% 7202.49.1000 1.9% ad val. Other: Carbon more than 0

  3. A new genus of nemonychid weevil from Burmese amber (Coleoptera, Curculionoidea)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Steven Ray; Engel, Michael S.

    2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    of the subfamily in the Asian continent, other compression fossils exist at least from the Yixian Formation of China and the Karatau site of Kazakhstan which may also deserve placement within this group. Although several important areas of the body are obscured...

  4. Chemistry Professor Larry Anderson teaches his students to look at the big picture when it comes to research about

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a doctoral program in environmental studies. Kazakhstan is rich in petroleum, natural gas and minerals, but has developed little of these valuable natural resources. The country has very few environmental. For any country, examining both the pros and cons of potential energy policies is important before

  5. DOE Accepted Carriers Date: April 8, 2008 POC: Dave Lopez, MA-30

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Airline 24 Air Arabia United Arab Emirates ICAO Designated Cat 1 Carrier 25 Air Astana Kazakhstan IATA Inc United States DoD-Accepted Air Carrier 36 Air Charters Inc United States DOE-Accepted Charter 37 with United Airlines & IATA Member 39 Air Creebec, Inc. Canada ICAO Designated Cat 1 Carrier 40 Air Deccan

  6. Emissions of black carbon, organic, and inorganic aerosols from biomass burning in North America and Asia in 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jimenez, Jose-Luis

    assessment of the impact of aerosols emitted from boreal forest fires on the Arctic climate necessitates) in summer 2008 and in those transported from Asia (Siberia in Russia and Kazakhstan) in spring 2008. We the microphysical properties of clouds [Lubin and Vogelmann, 2006]. Deposition of BC onto snow and ice changes

  7. By Stephen M. Jasinski Zinc was produced at 24 mines in the United (except for Japan) and improved in Europe. (USBM) from a voluntary survey on Lode-Mine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    % from Zinc exports from China, Kazakhstan, North Production of Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead, and 1993 primary zinc metal represented 15 weeks of consumption, in 1994 from domestic and imported ore. Seven in September 1993. respectively. Domestic apparent consumption of zinc in all forms increased 5%; imports

  8. Reactor materials study of EBR-II and BN350 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yilmaz, Fatma

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .S. and in Kazakhstan. The compilation, comparison and combination of the data was done by developing several databases using SQL software. The BN350 data on ultimate tensile strength and total elongation depending on swelling have been shown. The BN350 data is over a...

  9. Top UN officials call on hold-out States to ratify treaty banning nuclear tests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    diseases, poisoned the food chain and contaminated the water and its ecosystems; these effects are still that have not yet signed or ratified the treaty to do so as a matter of priority," he added calling in Kazakhstan, Mr. Ban recalled visiting "the scene of this dark chapter in human history," and stressed his

  10. FEATURENEWS 6 5 4 | N A T U R E | V O L 4 9 1 | 2 9 N O V E M B E R 2 0 1 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    Natural gas Nuclear Renewables Energy use in million tonnes of oil equivalent (Mtoe). KEY Design by JASIEK Croatia Kazakhstan Uzbekistan Ukraine Finland G reece Austria Romania Norway Czech Republic Sweden Belgium are burning unprecedented amounts of oil and gas, the estimates of how much is left continue to grow, thanks

  11. Reaction of the dams behind the Toktoguol and Kurpsa hydroelectric power plants to repeated earthquakes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marchuk, A.N.; Umralin, K.B.; Moldebehov, Z.I. [and others

    1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The region where the chain of Naryn hydroelectric power plants are located in the Kyrgyzstan Republic is a seismically active area of Central Tien-Shan and is comparatively well known in seismological respects. No means of measuring the dams themselves, however, were ever incorporated as an instrumental base of investigation. The seismometric possibilities of embedded monitoring-measuring apparatus were disclosed by O.Yu. Schmidt Institute of Earth Physics and have made is possible to evaluate the reactions of dams to seismic effects and of excited seismicity, when residual deformations due to repeated tremors of different force and direction are accumulated over an extended period of time.

  12. ICTP Public Information Office Page 1 26/03/2014 Country Total visitors Female visitors Person-months*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .19 Ukraine 55 25 33.24 United Arab Emirates 1 0 0.13 United Kingdom 279 47 125.13 United Republic of Tanzania.50 Kenya 36 12 43.07 Kuwait 3 1 0.66 Kyrgyzstan 1 0 0.46 Lebanon 9 3 4.24 Lesotho 1 0 0.46 Libyan Arab.94 Syrian Arab Republic 6 0 9.63 Thailand 14 6 4.77 the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 8 3 15.88 Togo

  13. Initiatives for proliferation prevention program : goals, projects, and opportunities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemberger, P. H. (Philip H.)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The mission of the U.S. Department of Energy Initiatives for Proliferation Prevention (IPP) Program is to identify and create commercial opportunities for former weapons scientists currently or formerly involved with weapons of mass destruction in the Former Soviet Union (FSU). IPP was first authorized in Fiscal Year 1994 under Section 575 of Public Law 103-87. IPP currently sponsors 164 projects in Russian at 64 institutes; 16 projects in the Ukraine at 14 institutes; 14 projects in Kazakhstan at 10 institutes; and one project in Belarus. To date, the IPP program has engaged over 10,000 experts in the areas of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons and missile development at more than 170 institutes in Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, and Belarus.

  14. Central Asian Network (CAN) - the history and present status

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. E. Mkrtichian; A. V. Kusakin; E. B. Janiashvili; J. G. Lominadze; K. Kuratov; V. G. Kornilov; N. I. Dorokhov; S. Mukhamednazarov

    1998-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The history and present status of informal asteroseismological network of Asian observatories of Ukraine, Russia, Kazakhstan, Georgia and Turkmenistan is given. We give briefly the description of facilities of CAN sites, the 1994-1997 activity of CAN in international multisite asteroseismological campaigns and further strategy of CAN. We call for close collaboration between CAN and western groups in asteroseismology of roAp, delta Scuti and lambda Bootis type stars.

  15. 1996 multisite photometric and spectral campaign on the lambda Boo star 29 Cyg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. E. Mkrtichian; A. V. Kusakin; V. P. Malanushenko; M. Paparo; M. C. Akan; J. R. Percy; S. Thompson; K. Krisciunas; V. I. Burnashev; C. Ibanoglu; R. Pekunlu; A. Devlen; A. Ozturk; V. A. Koval

    1998-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The preliminary results of a 1996 multisite campaign on the pulsating lambda Bootis star 29 Cyg are presented. This campaign, initiated by the Central Asian Network (CAN), allowed to collect data during 48 photometric and 2 spectroscopic nights at observatories of Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Turkey, Hungary, Canada and USA. The multiplicity of excited modes is confirmed in both spectroscopy and photometry. The analysis of all 1995 and 1996 data, combined with new CAN observations made in July-October 1997, is under way.

  16. Border Patrol 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    (Kus#2;çu Bonnenfant, 2012). The widespread Kazakh diaspora heeded this call, migrating from Uzbekistan, Russia, China, Mongolia and elsewhere seeking to return to the ‘traditional Kazakh homeland’. From the state perspective, repatriation suc... (immobile). Beginning in the early 1990s, following the opening of borders across Central Asia, a sizable portion of the Kazakh minority popu- lation in western Mongolia migrated to Kazakhstan. The rationale for leaving was clear – the loss of a central...

  17. The Kazakhs of Western Mongolia: Transnational Migration from 1990-2008 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barcus, Holly; Werner, Cynthia

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    dawned, Mongolia and Bayan-Ulgii began a slow emergence. Bayan-Ulgii has the unique distinction in Mongolia as the only province sharing two international borders, one with Russia and one with China. These borders, as they became more open, created... and are affected by national, local, and individual circumstances. Keywords: Kazakhs; migration; diaspora; repatriation; Mongolia; Kazakhstan Introduction and background Through the creation of national borders, individuals identifying strongly with one ethnic...

  18. China's Pathways to Energy Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beard, Steven; Caruana, Craig; Coats, Charles; Haguewood, Robert; Lee, Jong-Hwan; Morgan, Broderick; Murray, Joshua; Riedell, Michael

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chinese Bilateral Investment/Projects Involved Countries Projects Year China-Kazakhstan Oil pipeline (Atasu-Alashankou ) Gas pipeline China offers $10 bln loan Will complete in 2011 Completed in 2009 For future oil supply China-Turkmenistan Gas pipeline... that China can directly import energy from, bypassing Russia Chinese ventures in Cen. Asia: Kazakh-China oil pipeline (finished Dec. 2009) (Garrison 47) Could increase Chinese imports from this country from their current 1% of total imports to around 15...

  19. Proceedings of the Radionuclide Contamination in Water Resources Workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richardson, J H; Duisebayev, B; Janecky, D R; Knapp, R; Rosenburg, N D; Smith, D K; Tompson, A F B; Tyupkina, O; Veselov, V V

    2001-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A workshop entitled ''Radionuclide Contamination in Water Resources'' was held in Almaty, Kazakhstan from Tuesday 29 May through Friday 1 June. This workshop was co-sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and three organizations from the Republic of Kazakhstan: the Institute of Nonproliferation, the Institute of Hydrogeology and Hydrophysics, and KazAtomProm. Representatives from the U.S. Department of Energy, three national laboratories, and 13 different organizations from the Republic of Kazakhstan attended the workshop. A complete list of attendees, the workshop program, and information on the background and motivation for this workshop are provided in this report. The objective of the workshop was to identify critical problems, discover what is known about the problems related to radionuclide contamination of groundwater resources, form collaborative teams, and produce a small number proposals that both address further characterization and assess risk via contaminant fate and transport modeling. We plan to present these proposals to U.S. government agencies and international sponsors for funding.

  20. Control And Data Acquisition System Of Tokamak KTM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baystrukov, K. I.; Pavlov, V. M.; Sharnin, A. V.; Obhodskij, A. V.; Merkulov, S. V.; Golobokov, Y. N.; Mezentsev, A. A.; Ovchinnikov, A. V. [Tomsk Polytechnic University, 634050, Lenin ave. 30 (Russian Federation); Tazhibaeva, I. L. [National Nuclear Center (Kazakhstan)

    2008-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The preliminary results of control and data acquisition system (CODAS) development for Kazakhstan tokamak for material testing (KTM) [1] are presented. The KTM CODAS is completely new system optimized for KTM facility and its regimes of operation. Its development is carrying out in Tomsk Polytechnic University by Russian specialists. The first KTM launching under the control of CODAS is planed on 2008 year. The base functionality of CODAS is presented, including short description of its subsystems, such as control system of conditioning process, plasma control system, digital control system of power supplies, protection and timing system, data acquisition system.

  1. ICTP Public Information Office Page 1 12/05/2011 Country Total visitors Female visitors Person-months*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .05 United Arab Emirates 2 1 2.50 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 154 24 92.15 United.71 Kazakhstan 2 0 0.99 Kenya 31 4 53.88 Kuwait 3 0 0.49 Lebanon 8 2 15.32 Lesotho 2 0 0.46 Libyan Arab Person-months* Sudan 27 10 80.28 Swaziland 1 0 0.46 Sweden 29 6 8.38 Switzerland 77 15 16.70 Syrian Arab

  2. Evaluation of Solar Grade Silicon Produced by the Institute of Physics and Technology: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-07-211

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Page, M.

    2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NREL and Solar Power Industries will cooperate to evaluate technology for producing solar grade silicon from industrial waste of the phosphorus industry, as developed by the Institute of Physics and Technology (IPT), Kazakhstan. Evaluation will have a technical component to assess the material quality and a business component to assess the economics of the IPT process. The total amount of silicon produced by IPT is expected to be quite limited (50 kg), so evaluations will need to be done on relatively small quantities (? 5 kg/sample).

  3. Deputy Secretary Sherwood-Randall's Remarks at the White House Summit on

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube| DepartmentStatementDepartment ofVisits KazakhstanSummit - As

  4. Design & Construct New Buildings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube| DepartmentStatementDepartment ofVisits KazakhstanSummit -Design & Construct

  5. Design Case Summary: Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube| DepartmentStatementDepartment ofVisits KazakhstanSummit -Design &

  6. Design Case Summary: Production of Mixed Alcohols from Municipal Solid Waste via Gasification

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube| DepartmentStatementDepartment ofVisits KazakhstanSummit -Design &Mixed

  7. Design Guide Helps Grocery Stores Cut Energy Use | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube| DepartmentStatementDepartment ofVisits KazakhstanSummit -Design

  8. Designating Efficiency Levels for Product Categories | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube| DepartmentStatementDepartment ofVisits KazakhstanSummitMill Tailings |Products

  9. Details of the FY 2013 Congressional Budget Request for OE | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube| DepartmentStatementDepartment ofVisits KazakhstanSummitMillof

  10. Details of the FY 2014 Congressional Budget Request for OE | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube| DepartmentStatementDepartment ofVisits KazakhstanSummitMillofDetails of the

  11. Detecting Air Leaks | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube| DepartmentStatementDepartment ofVisits KazakhstanSummitMillofDetails of

  12. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN KAZAKHASTAN: USING OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION BY-PRODUCT SULFUR FOR COST-EFFECTIVE SECONDARY END-USE PRODUCTS.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    KALB, P.D.; VAGIN, S.; BEALL, P.W.; LEVINTOV, B.L.

    2004-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The Republic of Kazakhstan is continuing to develop its extensive petroleum reserves in the Tengiz region of the northeastern part of the Caspian Sea. Large quantities of by-product sulfur are being produced as a result of the removal of hydrogen sulfide from the oil and gas produced in the region. Lack of local markets and economic considerations limit the traditional outlets for by-product sulfur and the buildup of excess sulfur is a becoming a potential economic and environmental liability. Thus, new applications for re-use of by-product sulfur that will benefit regional economies including construction, paving and waste treatment are being developed. One promising application involves the cleanup and treatment of mercury at a Kazakhstan chemical plant. During 19 years of operation at the Pavlodar Khimprom chlor-alkali production facility, over 900 tons of mercury was lost to the soil surrounding and beneath the buildings. The Institute of Metallurgy and Ore Benefication (Almaty) is leading a team to develop and demonstrate a vacuum-assisted thermal process to extract the mercury from the soil and concentrate it as pure, elemental mercury, which will then be treated using the Sulfur Polymer Stabilization/Solidification (SPSS) process. The use of locally produced sulfur will recycle a low-value industrial by-product to treat hazardous waste and render it safe for return to the environment, thereby helping to solve two problems at once. SPSS chemically stabilizes mercury to mercuric sulfide, which has a low vapor pressure and low solubility, and then physically encapsulates the material in a durable, monolithic solid sulfur polymer matrix. Thus, mercury is placed in a solid form very much like stable cinnabar, the form in which it is found in nature. Previous research and development has shown that the process can successfully encapsulate up to 33 wt% mercury in the solid form, while still meeting very strict regulatory standards for leachable mercury (0.025 mg/l in the Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure). The research and development to deploy Kazakhstan recycled sulfur for secondary applications described in this paper is being conducted with support from the International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) and the U.S. Department of Energy Initiatives for Proliferation Prevention (DOE IPP).

  13. Regional seismic discrimination in central Asia with emphasis on western China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartse, H.E.; Taylor, S.R.; Phillips, W.S.; Randall, G.E.

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In support of an anticipated Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, the authors have started to evaluate regional seismic event discrimination capabilities for central Asia, emphasizing western China. The authors have measured noise and seismic phase amplitudes of over 250 earthquakes and 18 underground nuclear explosions recorded at the broadband, digital station WMQ in western China and over 100 earthquakes and 5 nuclear explosions at station AAK in Kyrgyzstan. The explosions are from the Kazakh Test Site (KTS) and Lop Nor, China. The earthquakes are mostly from northwest China. They have also evaluated a single suspected chemical explosion. Event magnitudes (m{sub b}) range between 2.5 and 6.5 and maximum event-station distance is about 1,700 km. Using these measurements the authors formed phase, spectral, cross-spectral, short-period/long-period, and long-period ratios to test many possible event discriminants. All ratios were corrected for distance effects before forming ratio-versus-magnitude discrimination plots. The authors found that all five classes of these discriminants are useful for separating earthquakes from explosions in central Asia, provided the right combinations of frequency bands and phases are selected. Results are described.

  14. Crystallographic analysis of the structure of livingstonite HgSb{sub 4}S{sub 8} from refined data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borisov, S. V., E-mail: borisov@che.nsk.su; Pervukhina, N. V.; Magarill, S. A.; Kuratieva, N. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation); Vasil'ev, V. I., E-mail: itret@uiggm.nsc.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation)

    2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An X-ray diffraction study of mineral livingstonite (HgSb{sub 4}S{sub 8}) from Khaydarkan (Kyrgyzstan) has been performed on a Bruker Nonius X8Apex diffractometer with a 4K CCD detector (R = 0.031). The unit-cell parameters were found to be a = 30.1543(10) A, b = 3.9953(2) A, c = 21.4262(13) A, {beta} = 104.265(1){sup o}, V = 2501.7(2) A{sup 3}, Z = 8, d{sub calcd} = 5.013 g/cm{sup 3}, and sp. gr. A2/a. It was confirmed that livingstonite belongs to rod-layers structures. In one type of layer, two double Sb{sub 2}S{sub 4} chains are bound by disulfide groups [S{sub 2}]{sup 2-} (S-S 2.078(2) A); in the other type, these chains are bound via Hg{sup 2+} cations. A crystallographic analysis confirmed the existence of independent pseudotranslational ordering in the cation and anion matrices, which is characteristic of the lozenge-like structures of sulfides and sulfosalts.

  15. Lidar Measurements of the Vertical Distribution of Aerosol Optical and Physical Properties over Central Asia

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Chen, Boris B.; Sverdlik, Leonid G.; Imashev, Sanjar A.; Solomon, Paul A.; Lantz, Jeffrey; Schauer, James J.; Shafer, Martin M.; Artamonova, Maria S.; Carmichael, Gregory R.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The vertical structure of aerosol optical and physical properties was measured by Lidar in Eastern Kyrgyzstan, Central Asia, from June 2008 to May 2009. Lidar measurements were supplemented with surface-based measurements of PM2.5and PM10mass and chemical composition in both size fractions. Dust transported into the region is common, being detected 33% of the time. The maximum frequency occurred in the spring of 2009. Dust transported to Central Asia comes from regional sources, for example, Taklimakan desert and Aral Sea basin, and from long-range transport, for example, deserts of Arabia, Northeast Africa, Iran, and Pakistan. Regional sources are characterized by pollutionmore »transport with maximum values of coarse particles within the planetary boundary layer, aerosol optical thickness, extinction coefficient, integral coefficient of aerosol backscatter, and minimum values of the Ångström exponent. Pollution associated with air masses transported over long distances has different characteristics during autumn, winter, and spring. During winter, dust emissions were low resulting in high values of the Ångström exponent (about 0.51) and the fine particle mass fraction (64%). Dust storms were more frequent during spring with an increase in coarse dust particles in comparison to winter. The aerosol vertical profiles can be used to lower uncertainty in estimating radiative forcing.« less

  16. SPECIAL SEMINAR - The NOTTE experiment, or how to become a Total Solar Eclipse chaser

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The NOTTE experiment (Neutrino Oscillations with Telescope during Total Eclipse) aims at searching for visible photons emitted through a possible radiative decay of solar neutrinos. The experiment and the expeditions organized by a group of physicists and astrophysicists from INFN and INAF Bologna hunting for Total Solar Eclipses from 1998 to 2006 wil be described. The results of observations performed during total solar eclipse expeditions in 2001 (Zambia) and 2006 (Sahara desert, Libya) are presented and a beautiful photo gallery will be shown. Other peculiar observations that can be made during a solar eclipse are also illustrated. The seminar will be followed by a brief presentation of future camps for solar eclipse chasers and scientists organized in 2008 in Russia, Kazakhstan, China and Mongolia, in 2009 in Shanghai and on the Easter Island in 2010.

  17. Global nuclear material monitoring with NDA and C/S data through integrated facility monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Howell, J.A.; Menlove, H.O.; Argo, P.; Goulding, C.; Klosterbuer, S.; Halbig, J.

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper focuses on a flexible, integrated demonstration of a monitoring approach for nuclear material monitoring. This includes aspects of item signature identification, perimeter portal monitoring, advanced data analysis, and communication as a part of an unattended continuous monitoring system in an operating nuclear facility. Advanced analysis is applied to the integrated nondestructive assay and containment and surveillance data that are synchronized in time. End result will be the foundation for a cost-effective monitoring system that could provide the necessary transparency even in areas that are denied to foreign nationals of both US and Russia should these processes and materials come under full-scope safeguards or bilateral agreements. Monitoring systems of this kind have the potential to provide additional benefits including improved nuclear facility security and safeguards and lower personnel radiation exposures. Demonstration facilities in this paper include VTRAP-prototype, Los Alamos Critical Assemblies Facility, Kazakhstan BM-350 Reactor monitor, DUPIC radiation monitoring, and JOYO and MONJU radiation monitoring.

  18. Enhancement of pulverized coal combustion by plasma technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gorokhovski, M.A.; Jankoski, Z.; Lockwood, F.C.; Karpenko, E.I.; Messerle, V.E.; Ustimenko, A.B. [University of Rouen, Rouen (France)

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Plasma-assisted pulverized coal combustion is a promising technology for thermal power plants (TPP). This article reports one- and three- dimensional numerical simulations, as well as laboratory and industrial measurements of coal combustion using a plasma-fuel system (PFS). The chemical kinetic and fluid mechanics involved in this technology are analysed. The results show that a PFS, can be used to promote early ignition and enhanced stabilization of a pulverized coal flame. It is shown that this technology, in addition to enhancing the combustion efficiency of the flame, reduces harmful emissions from power coals of all ranks (brown, bituminous, anthracite and their mixtures). Data summarising the experience of 27 pulverized coal boilers in 16 thermal power plants in several countries (Russia, Kazakhstan, Korea, Ukraine, Slovakia, Mongolia and China), embracing steam productivities from 75 to 670 tons per hour (TPH), are presented. Finally, the practical computation of the characteristics of the PFS, as function of coal properties, is discussed.

  19. SPECIAL SEMINAR - The NOTTE experiment, or how to become a Total Solar Eclipse chaser

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2011-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The NOTTE experiment (Neutrino Oscillations with Telescope during Total Eclipse) aims at searching for visible photons emitted through a possible radiative decay of solar neutrinos. The experiment and the expeditions organized by a group of physicists and astrophysicists from INFN and INAF Bologna hunting for Total Solar Eclipses from 1998 to 2006 wil be described. The results of observations performed during total solar eclipse expeditions in 2001 (Zambia) and 2006 (Sahara desert, Libya) are presented and a beautiful photo gallery will be shown. Other peculiar observations that can be made during a solar eclipse are also illustrated. The seminar will be followed by a brief presentation of future camps for solar eclipse chasers and scientists organized in 2008 in Russia, Kazakhstan, China and Mongolia, in 2009 in Shanghai and on the Easter Island in 2010.

  20. Separation of sulfur and trace elements from high-viscosity petroleums and tar sands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nadirov, N.K.; Bychkova, L.V.; Rudenko, N.V.; Dzhakupova, A.N.; Sarsembaeva, B.K.

    1992-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Characteristic features of high-viscosity petroleums and tar sands of western Kazakhstan are a great chemical nonuniformity, a diverse combination of proportions of aromatic and heteroatomic structures, and a wide variation in trace-element composition. They contain, moreover, large quantities of aliphatic ethers and esters, sulfo acids, cyclic hydrocarbons, and other valuable components that may be used in the chemical, petrochemical, and other industries. The authors study employed acetylacetone or propanol for organic solvent extraction of a sulfurous concentrate, magnifying the selective separation of organosulfur compounds with the use of ultrasonic phase stratification. Oxidation of organosulfur compounds to sulfoxides, sulfones, and sulfo acids was accomplished with ionizing radiation from Co{sup 60}. 17 refs., 2 tabs.

  1. The Activities of the International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Briggs, Joseph Blair

    2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP) was initiated in 1992 by the United States Department of Energy. The ICSBEP became an official activity of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) – Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) in 1995. Representatives from the United States, United Kingdom, France, Japan, the Russian Federation, Hungary, Republic of Korea, Slovenia, Yugoslavia, Kazakhstan, Spain, and Israel are now participating. The purpose of the ICSBEP is to identify, evaluate, verify, and formally document a comprehensive and internationally peer-reviewed set of criticality safety benchmark data. The work of the ICSBEP is published as an OECD handbook entitled “International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments”. The 2001 Edition of the Handbook contains benchmark specifications for 2642 critical or subcritical configurations that are intended for use in validation efforts and for testing basic nuclear data.

  2. Cleaning Cesium Radionuclides from BN-350 Primary Sodium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Romanenko, O.G.; Allen, K.J.; Wachs, D.M.; Planchon, H.P.; Wells, P.B.; Michelbacher, J.A.; Nazarenko, P.; Dumchev, I.; Maev, V.; Zemtzev, B.; Tikhomirov, L.; Yakovlev, V.; Synkov, A

    2005-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports the successful design and operation of a system to remove highly radioactive cesium from the sodium coolant of the BN-350 reactor in Aktau, Kazakhstan. As an international effort between the United States and the Republic of Kazakhstan, a cesium-trapping system was jointly designed, fabricated, installed, and successfully operated. The results are significant for a number of reasons, including (a) a significant reduction of radioactivity levels of the BN-350 coolant and reactor surfaces, thereby reducing exposure to workers during shutdown operations; (b) demonstration of scientific ideas; and (c) the engineering application of effective cesium trap deployment for commercial-sized liquid-metal reactors. About 255 300 GBq (6900 Ci) of cesium was trapped, and the {sup 137}Cs specific activity in BN-350 primary sodium was decreased from 296 MBq/kg (8000 {mu}Ci/kg) to 0.37 MBq/kg (10 {mu}Ci/kg) by using seven cesium traps containing reticulated vitreous carbon (RVC) as the cesium adsorbent. Cesium trapping was accomplished by pumping sodium from the primary circuit, passing it through a block of RVC within each trap, and returning the cleaned sodium to the primary circuit. Both to predict and to analyze the behavior of the cesium traps in the BN-350 reactor primary circuit, a model was developed that satisfactorily describes the observed results of the cesium trapping. By using this model, thermodynamic parameters, such as the heat of adsorption of cesium atoms on RVC and on internal piping surfaces of the BN-350 reactor primary circuit, -22.7 and -5.0 kJ/mole, respectively, were extracted from the experimental data.

  3. INVESTIGATION OF CRUSTAL MOTION IN THE TIEN SHAN USING INSAR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mellors, R J

    2011-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The northern Tien Shan of Central Asia is an area of active mid-continent deformation. Although far from a plate boundary, this region has experienced 5 earthquakes larger than magnitude 7 in the past century and includes one event that may as be as large as Mw 8.0. Previous studies based on GPS measurements indicate on the order of 23 mm/yr of shortening across the entire Tien Shan and up to 15 mm/year in the northern Tien Shan (Figure 1). The seismic moment release rate appears comparable with the geodetic measured slip, at least to first order, suggesting that geodetic rates can be considered a proxy for accumulation rates of stress for seismic hazard estimation. Interferometric synthetic aperture radar may provide a means to make detailed spatial measurements and hence in identifying block boundaries and assisting in seismic hazard. Therefore, we hoped to define block boundaries by direct measurement and by identifying and resolving earthquake slip. Due to political instability in Kyrgzystan, the existing seismic network has not performed as well as required to precisely determine earthquake hypocenters in remote areas and hence InSAR is highly useful. In this paper we present the result of three earthquake studies and show that InSAR is useful for refining locations of teleseismically located earthquakes. ALOS PALSAR data is used to investigate crustal motion in the Tien Shan mountains of Central Asia. As part of the work, considerable software development was undertaken to process PALSAR data. This software has been made freely available. Two damaging earthquakes have been imaged in the Tien Shan and the locations provided by ALOS InSAR have helped to refine seismological velocity models. A third earthquake south of Kyrgyzstan was also imaged. The use of InSAR data and especially L band is therefore very useful in providing groundtruth for earthquake locations.

  4. BN-350 unattended safeguards system current status and initial fuel movement data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, Richard Brady [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Browne, Michael C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Parker, Robert F [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ingegneri, Maurizio [IAEA

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Unattended and Remote Monitoring (UNARM) system at the BN-350 fast breeder reactor facility in Aktau, Kazakhstan continues to provide safeguards monitoring data as the spent fuel disposition project transitions from wet fuel storage to dry storage casks. Qualitative data from the initial cask loading procedures has been released by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and is presented here for the first time. The BN-350 fast breeder reactor in Aktau, Kazakhstan, operated as a plutonium-producing facility from 1973 W1til 1999. Kazakhstan signed the Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) in February 1994, and shortly afterwards the IAEA began safeguarding the reactor facility and its nuclear material. Slnce the cessation of reactor operations ten years ago, the chief proliferation concern has been the spent fuel assemblies stored in the pond on-site. By 2002, all fuel assemblies in wet storage had been repackaged into proliferation-resistant canisters. From the beginning, the IAEA's safeguards campaign at the BN-350 included a constant unattended sensor presence in the form of UNARM which monitors nuclear material activities at the facility in the absence of inspector presence. The UNARM equipment at the BN-350 was designed to be modular and extensible, allowing the system to adapt as the safeguards requirements change. This has been particularly important at the BN-350 due to the prolonged wet storage phase of the project. The primary function of the BN-350 UNARM system is to provide the IAEA with an independent, radiation-centric Containment and Surveillance (C&S) layer in addition to the standard seals and video systems. The UNARM system has provided continuous Continuity of Knowledge (COK) data for the BN-350's nuclear material storage areas in order to ensure the validity of the attended measurements during the lifetime of the project. The first of these attended measurements was characterization of the spent fuel assemblies. This characterization utilized the Spent Fuel Coincidence Counter (SFCC) instrument [ref] to measure neutron multiplicity and calculate Pu mass. These calculated masses were then compared to modeling simulation of the assemblies as well as declarations from the facility in order to baseline the amount of material under IAEA safeguards [ref]. Once the baseline was established, bundles of four or six assemblies were repackaged into proliferati n-resistant canisters. This provided an additional physical barrier to material diversion and provided further protection by choosing assemblies for each canister so that the overall dose rate met self-protection requirements. Each of the canisters were then characterized using a similar technique to the SFCC, but with the Spent Fuel Attribute Monitor (SPAM) instnunent (ref). The data from these measurements were then used to calculate an attribute proportional to the total Pu mass in each canister. This attribute was then compared to the know Pu mass of each assembly in order to verify the accuracy of SPAM. In the event that COK is lost, the SPAM detector remains positioned to reverify Pu content of individual canisters without requiring the canister to be opened.

  5. Transforming on-grid renewable energy markets. A review of UNDP-GEF support for feed-in tariffs and related price and market-access instruments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glemarec, Yannick; Rickerson, Wilson; Waissbein, Oliver

    2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    As a Global Environment Facility (GEF) founding implementing agency, UNDP has worked on over 230 GEF-supported clean energy projects in close to 100 developing countries since 1992. About 100 of these projects in 80 countries have focused on renewable energy, supported by approximately US $ 293 million in GEF funds and leveraging US $1.48 billion in associated co-financing from national governments, international organizations, the private sector and non-governmental organizations. As part of UNDP efforts to codify and share lessons learnt from these initiatives, this report addresses how scarce public resources can be used to catalyze larger private financial flows for renewable energy. It provides an overview of UNDP-GEF’s extensive work supporting development of national renewable energy policies such as feed-in tariffs. In these activities UNDP-GEF assists developing countries to assess key risks and barriers to technology diffusion and then to identify a mix of policy and financial de-risking measures to remove these barriers and drive investment. This approach is illustrated through three case studies in Uruguay, Mauritius and Kazakhstan. This report is complemented by a companion publication presenting an innovative UNDP financial modeling tool to assist policymakers in appraising different public instruments to promote clean energy.

  6. ICSBEP Benchmarks For Nuclear Data Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Briggs, J. Blair [Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (United States)

    2005-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP) was initiated in 1992 by the United States Department of Energy. The ICSBEP became an official activity of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) -- Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) in 1995. Representatives from the United States, United Kingdom, France, Japan, the Russian Federation, Hungary, Republic of Korea, Slovenia, Serbia and Montenegro (formerly Yugoslavia), Kazakhstan, Spain, Israel, Brazil, Poland, and the Czech Republic are now participating. South Africa, India, China, and Germany are considering participation. The purpose of the ICSBEP is to identify, evaluate, verify, and formally document a comprehensive and internationally peer-reviewed set of criticality safety benchmark data. The work of the ICSBEP is published as an OECD handbook entitled ''International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments.'' The 2004 Edition of the Handbook contains benchmark specifications for 3331 critical or subcritical configurations that are intended for use in validation efforts and for testing basic nuclear data. New to the 2004 Edition of the Handbook is a draft criticality alarm / shielding type benchmark that should be finalized in 2005 along with two other similar benchmarks. The Handbook is being used extensively for nuclear data testing and is expected to be a valuable resource for code and data validation and improvement efforts for decades to come. Specific benchmarks that are useful for testing structural materials such as iron, chromium, nickel, and manganese; beryllium; lead; thorium; and 238U are highlighted.

  7. New automated inventory/material accounting system (AIMAS) version for former Soviet Union countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuzminski, Jozef [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ewing, Tom [ANL; Sakunov, Igor [AVIS CORP., KIEV, UKRAINE; Drapey, Sergey [GEORGE KUZMYCZ TRAINING; Nations, Jim [GREGG PROTECTION SERVICES

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AIMAS (Automated Inventory/Material Accounting System) is a PC-based application for site-level nuclear material accountancy that was originally developed in the late 90's as a part of the U.S Department of Energy Assistance Program to Ukraine. Designed to be flexible and secure, plus place minimal demands on computing infrastructure, it was originally developed to run in early Windows operating system (OS) environments like W98 and W3.1. The development, support, and maintenance of AIMAS were transferred to Ukraine in 2002. Because it is highly flexible and can be configured to meet diverse end-user's needs, the software has been used at several facilities in Ukraine. Incorporating added functionality is planned to support nuclear installations in the Republic of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, as well. An improved 32-bit version of AIMAS has recently been developed to operate effectively on modern PCs running the latest Windows OS by AVIS, the Ukrainian developer. In the paper we discuss the status of AIMAS, plans for new functions, and describe the strategy for addressing a sustainable software life-cycle while meeting user requirements in multiple FSU countries.

  8. Growth mechanisms, polytypism, and real structure of kaolinite microcrystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samotoin, N. D., E-mail: samnik@igem.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geology of Ore Deposits, Petrography, Mineralogy, and Geochemistry (Russian Federation)

    2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The mechanisms of growth of kaolinite microcrystals (0.1-5.0 {mu}m in size) at deposits related to the cluvial weathering crust, as well as to the low-temperature and medium-temperature hydrothermal processes of transformations of minerals in different rocks in Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Czechia, Vietnam, India, Cuba, and Madagascar, are investigated using transmission electron microscopy and vacuum decoration with gold. It is established that kaolinite microcrystals grow according to two mechanisms: the mechanism of periodic formation of two-dimensional nuclei and the mechanism of spiral growth. The spiral growth of kaolinite microcrystals is dominant and occurs on steps of screw dislocations that differ in sign and magnitude of the Burgers vector along the c axis. The layered growth of kaolinite originates from a widespread source in the form of a step between polar (+ and -) dislocations, i.e., a growth analogue of the Frank-Read dislocation source. The density of growth screw dislocations varies over a wide range and can be as high as {approx}10{sup 9} cm{sup -2}. Layered stepped kaolinite growth pyramids for all mechanisms of growth on the (001) face of kaolinite exhibit the main features of the triclinic 1Tc and real structures of this mineral.

  9. International Workshops to Foster Implementation of the IAEA Additional Protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Killinger, Mark H.; Coates, Cameron W.; Bedke, Michael L.

    2003-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A country’s adherence to the International Atomic Energy Agency’s (IAEA) Additional Protocol is an important statement to the world of that country’s commitment to nuclear nonproliferation. Without the Additional Protocol (AP) it is possible, as demonstrated in Iraq, for a country party to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) to clandestinely work toward nuclear weapons and be undetected by the IAEA. This is because classical safeguards under the NPT are directed at diversion of nuclear material from declared activities. But a country may instead build undeclared activities to produce weapons-grade nuclear material. The AP is directed at detecting those undeclared activities. As of May 2003, 73 countries had signed the AP, but only 35 have entered into force. To further adherence to the AP, the IAEA has held regional, high-level seminars in Japan, South Africa, Kazakhstan, Peru, Romania, and Malaysia to explain AP provisions. To supplement these policy-level seminars, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has undertaken to develop a set of modules of technical competencies required to implement the AP. The intent is to work closely with the IAEA by providing these technical competencies to countries as well as to complement the IAEA’s regional seminars and other outreach efforts. This paper briefly describes the technical competency modules.

  10. Structural model of uramarsite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rastsvetaeva, R. K., E-mail: rast@ns.crys.ras.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography (Russian Federation); Sidorenko, G. A. [All-Russia Research Institute of Mineral Resources (VIMS) (Russian Federation); Ivanova, A. G. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography (Russian Federation); Chukanov, N. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics (Russian Federation)

    2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The structural model of uramarsite, a new mineral of the uran-mica family from the Bota-Burum deposit (South Kazakhstan), is determined using a single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The parameters of the triclinic unit cell are as follows: a = 7.173(2) A, b = 7.167(5) A, c = 9.30(1) A, {alpha} = 90.13(7){sup o}, {beta} = 90.09(4){sup o}, {gamma} = 89.96(4){sup o}, and space group P1. The crystal chemical formula of uramarsite is: (UO{sub 2}){sub 2}[AsO{sub 4}][PO{sub 4},AsO{sub 4}][NH{sub 4}][H{sub 3}O] . 6H{sub 2}O (Z = 1). Uramarsite is the second ammonium-containing mineral of uranium and an arsenate analogue of uramphite. In the case of uramarsite, the lowering of the symmetry from tetragonal to triclinic, which is accompanied by a triclinic distortion of the tetragonal unit cell, is apparently caused by the ordering of the As and P atoms and the NH{sub 4}, H{sub 3}O, and H{sub 2}O groups.

  11. Natural mercury isotope variation in coal deposits and organic soils

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abir, Biswas; Joel D. Blum; Bridget A. Bergquist; Gerald J. Keeler; Zhouqing Xie [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Department of Geological Sciences

    2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    There is a need to distinguish among sources of Hg to the atmosphere in order to more fully understand global Hg pollution. In this study we investigate whether coal deposits within the United States, China, and Russia-Kazakhstan, which are three of the five greatest coal-producing regions, have diagnostic Hg isotopic fingerprints that can be used to discriminate among Hg sources. We also investigate the Hg isotopic composition of modern organic soil horizons developed in areas distant from point sources of Hg in North America. Mercury stored in coal deposits displays a wide range of both mass dependent fractionation and mass independent fractionation. {delta}{sup 202}Hg varies in coals by 3{per_thousand} and {Delta}{sup 201}Hg varies by 0.9{per_thousand}. Combining these two Hg isotope signals results in what may be a unique isotopic 'fingerprint' for many coal deposits. Mass independent fractionation of mercury has been demonstrated to occur during photochemical reactions of mercury. This suggests that Hg found in most coal deposits was subjected to photochemical reduction near the Earth's surface prior to deposition. The similarity in MDF and MIF of modern organic soils and coals from North America suggests that Hg deposition from coal may have imprinted an isotopic signature on soils. This research offers a new tool for characterizing mercury inputs from natural and anthropogenic sources to the atmosphere and provides new insights into the geochemistry of mercury in coal and soils. 35 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

  12. Conference report on the 3rd international symposium on lithium application for fusion devices

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Mazzitelli, G.; Hirooka, Y.; Hu, J. S.; Mirnov, S. V.; Nygren, R.; Shimada, M.; Ono, M.; Tabares, F. L.

    2015-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The third International Symposium on Lithium Application for Fusion Device (ISLA-2013) was held on 9–11 October 2013 at ENEA Frascati Centre with growing participation and interest from the community working on more general aspect of liquid metal research for fusion energy development. ISLA-2013 has been confirmed to be the largest and the most important meeting dedicated to liquid metal application for the magnetic fusion research. Overall, 45 presentation plus 5 posters were given, representing 28 institutions from 11 countries. The latest experimental results from nine magnetic fusion devices were presented in 16 presentations from NSTX (PPPL, USA), FTU (ENEA, Italy),more »T-11M (Trinity, RF), T-10 (Kurchatov Institute, RF), TJ-II (CIEMAT, Spain), EAST(ASIPP, China), HT-7 (ASIPP, China), RFX (Padova, Italy), KTM (NNC RK, Kazakhstan). Sessions were devoted to the following: (I) lithium in magnetic confinement experiments (facility overviews), (II) lithium in magnetic confinement experiments (topical issues), (III) special session on liquid lithium technology, (IV) lithium laboratory test stands, (V) Lithium theory/modelling/comments, (VI) innovative lithium applications and (VII) special Session on lithium-safety and lithium handling. There was a wide participation from the fusion technology communities, including IFMIF and TBM communities providing productive exchange with the physics oriented magnetic confinement liquid metal research groups. This international workshop will continue on a biennial basis (alternating with the Plasma–Surface Interactions (PSI) Conference) and the next workshop will be held at CIEMAT, Madrid, Spain, in 2015.« less

  13. Temporal variations of mineral dust, biogenic tracers, and anthropogenic species during the past two centuries from Belukha ice core, Siberian Altai - article no. D05309

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olivier, S.; Blaser, C.; Brutsch, S.; Frolova, N.; Gaggeler, H.W.; Henderson, K.A.; Palmer, A.S.; Papina, T.; Schwikowski, M. [Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen (Switzerland)

    2006-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    In July 2001, a 140 m long ice core was recovered from the Belukha glacier (49 degrees 48'26''N, 86 degrees 34'43''E, 4062 m a.s.l.) in the Siberian Altai. The ion chemistry of the upper 86 m, covering the last two centuries, is characterized by biogenic emissions (ammonium and formate), aeolian dust (calcium, magnesium, chloride, and sodium) and anthropogenic species (sulfate, nitrate, and ammonium). Particularly high ammonium and formate concentrations indicate pronounced emissions from Siberian forests. The inferred fire frequency does not show a long-term trend but distinct periods of enhanced activity. Sulfate has the highest industrial to preindustrial ratio and an anthropogenic contribution of more than 80%. Variations in this record reflect sulfur dioxide emissions in Siberia and Kazakhstan. Sulfate concentrations remained low until 1950, then sharply increased and peaked in the 1970s. The decrease in the 1980s is attributed to the economic, political, and social crises and to the replacement of coal with gas. Rising nitrate concentrations since 1960 reflect traffic growth and enhanced fertilizer application. Increasing ammonium concentrations since the 1950s are attributable to population inflow in southern Siberia with the associated enhancement of agricultural activity. A nitrate peak of short duration in 1908 is thought to be the atmospheric signature from the Tunguska event on 30 June 1908.

  14. Conference report on the 3rd international symposium on lithium application for fusion devices

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Mazzitelli, G. [Associazione EURATOM-ENEA sulla fusione, Centro Ricerche di Frascati (Italy); Hirooka, Y. [National Institute for Fusion Science and Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Toki (Japan); Hu, J. S. [Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei (China); Mirnov, S. V. [TRINITI, Troitsk, Moscow (Russian Federation); NRNU MEPhI, Moscow (Russian Federation); Nygren, R. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Shimada, M. [JAEA-International Fusion Research Centre, IFERC Obuchi (Japan); Ono, M. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ (United States); Tabares, F. L. [National Institute for Fusion, As EURATOM/CIEMAT, Madrid (Spain)

    2015-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The third International Symposium on Lithium Application for Fusion Device (ISLA-2013) was held on 9–11 October 2013 at ENEA Frascati Centre with growing participation and interest from the community working on more general aspect of liquid metal research for fusion energy development. ISLA-2013 has been confirmed to be the largest and the most important meeting dedicated to liquid metal application for the magnetic fusion research. Overall, 45 presentation plus 5 posters were given, representing 28 institutions from 11 countries. The latest experimental results from nine magnetic fusion devices were presented in 16 presentations from NSTX (PPPL, USA), FTU (ENEA, Italy), T-11M (Trinity, RF), T-10 (Kurchatov Institute, RF), TJ-II (CIEMAT, Spain), EAST(ASIPP, China), HT-7 (ASIPP, China), RFX (Padova, Italy), KTM (NNC RK, Kazakhstan). Sessions were devoted to the following: (I) lithium in magnetic confinement experiments (facility overviews), (II) lithium in magnetic confinement experiments (topical issues), (III) special session on liquid lithium technology, (IV) lithium laboratory test stands, (V) Lithium theory/modelling/comments, (VI) innovative lithium applications and (VII) special Session on lithium-safety and lithium handling. There was a wide participation from the fusion technology communities, including IFMIF and TBM communities providing productive exchange with the physics oriented magnetic confinement liquid metal research groups. This international workshop will continue on a biennial basis (alternating with the Plasma–Surface Interactions (PSI) Conference) and the next workshop will be held at CIEMAT, Madrid, Spain, in 2015.

  15. The current state of the Russian reduced enrichment research reactors program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aden, V.G.; Kartashov, E.F.; Lukichev, V.A. [and others

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the last year after the 16-th International Conference on Reducing Fuel Enrichment in Research Reactors held in October, 1993 in Oarai, Japan, the conclusive stage of the Program on reducing fuel enrichment (to 20% in U-235) in research reactors was finally made up in Russia. The Program was started late in 70th and the first stage of the Program was completed by 1986 which allowed to reduce fuel enrichment from 80-90% to 36%. The completion of the Program current stage, which is counted for 5-6 years, will exclude the use of the fuel enriched by more than 20% from RF to other countries such as: Poland, Czeck Republick, Hungary, Roumania, Bulgaria, Libya, Viet-Nam, North Korea, Egypt, Latvia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. In 1994 the Program, approved by RF Minatom authorities, has received the status of an inter-branch program since it was admitted by the RF Ministry for Science and Technical Policy. The Head of RF Minatom central administrative division N.I.Ermakov was nominated as the Head of the Russian Program, V.G.Aden, RDIPE Deputy Director, was nominated as the scientific leader. The Program was submitted to the Commission for Scientific, Technical and Economical Cooperation between USA and Russia headed by Vice-President A. Gore and Prime Minister V. Chemomyrdin and was given support also.

  16. Discrimination Analysis of Earthquakes and Man-Made Events Using ARMA Coefficients Determination by Artificial Neural Networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    AllamehZadeh, Mostafa, E-mail: dibaparima@yahoo.com [International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A Quadratic Neural Networks (QNNs) model has been developed for identifying seismic source classification problem at regional distances using ARMA coefficients determination by Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs). We have devised a supervised neural system to discriminate between earthquakes and chemical explosions with filter coefficients obtained by windowed P-wave phase spectra (15 s). First, we preprocess the recording's signals to cancel out instrumental and attenuation site effects and obtain a compact representation of seismic records. Second, we use a QNNs system to obtain ARMA coefficients for feature extraction in the discrimination problem. The derived coefficients are then applied to the neural system to train and classification. In this study, we explore the possibility of using single station three-component (3C) covariance matrix traces from a priori-known explosion sites (learning) for automatically recognizing subsequent explosions from the same site. The results have shown that this feature extraction gives the best classifier for seismic signals and performs significantly better than other classification methods. The events have been tested, which include 36 chemical explosions at the Semipalatinsk test site in Kazakhstan and 61 earthquakes (mb = 5.0-6.5) recorded by the Iranian National Seismic Network (INSN). The 100% correct decisions were obtained between site explosions and some of non-site events. The above approach to event discrimination is very flexible as we can combine several 3C stations.

  17. Responsible stewardship of nuclear materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hannum, W.H.

    1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ability to tap the massive energy potential of nuclear fission was first developed as a weapon to end a terrible world war. Nuclear fission is also a virtually inexhaustible energy resource, and is the only energy supply in certain areas in Russia, Kazakhstan and elsewhere. The potential link between civilian and military applications has been and continues to be a source of concern. With the end of the Cold War, this issue has taken a dramatic turn. The U.S. and Russia have agreed to reduce their nuclear weapons stockpiles by as much as two-thirds. This will make some 100 tonnes of separated plutonium and 500 tonnes of highly enriched uranium available, in a form that is obviously directly usable for weapons. The total world inventory of plutonium is now around 1000 tonnes and is increasing at 60-70 tonnes per year. There is even more highly enriched uranium. Fortunately the correct answer to what to do with excess weapons material is also the most attractive. It should be used and reused as fuel for fast reactors. Material in use (particularly nuclear material) is very easy to monitor and control, and is quite unattractive for diversion. Active management of fissile materials not only makes a major contribution to economic stability and well-being, but also simplifies accountability, inspection and other safeguards processes; provides a revenue stream to pay for the necessary safeguards; and, most importantly, limits the prospective world inventory of plutonium to only that which is used and useful.

  18. Nuclear design of small-sized high temperature gas-cooled reactor for developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goto, M.; Seki, Y.; Inaba, Y.; Ohashi, H.; Sato, H.; Fukaya, Y.; Tachibana, Y. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 4002, Oarai-machi, Higashi Ibaraki-gun, Ibaraki-ken 311-1394 (Japan)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has started a conceptual design of a small-sized HTGR with 50 MW thermal power (HTR50S), which is a first-of-a-kind commercial or demonstration plant of a small-sized HTGR to be deployed in developing countries such as Kazakhstan in the 2020's. The nuclear design of the HTR50S is performed by upgrading the proven technology of the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) to reduce the cost for the construction. In the HTTR design, twelve kinds of fuel enrichment was used to optimize the power distribution, which is required to make the maximum fuel temperature below the thermal limitation during the burn-up period. However, manufacture of many kinds of fuel enrichment causes increase of the construction cost. To solve this problem, the present study challenges the nuclear design by reducing the number of fuel enrichment to as few as possible. The nuclear calculations were performed with SRAC code system whose validity was proven by the HTTR burn-up data. The calculation results suggested that the optimization of the power distribution was reasonably achieved and the maximum fuel temperature was kept below the limitation by using three kinds of fuel enrichment. (authors)

  19. Protection and Remediation of the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea--through the International Environmental Center (http://pims.ed.ornl.gov)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lapsa, Melissa Voss [ORNL; Shelton, Robert B [ORNL; Grubb, Kimberly R [ORNL

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The international Black Sea and Caspian Sea Environmental Information Center (BCSEIC) is a valuable research and communications resource to aid in the prevention of oil spills and, in the case of a spill, quick, effective clean-up action. Prevention and remediation are essential to protecting and maintaining the environment. The BCSEIC provides up-to-date, reliable, and easily accessible research and information. In addition, the web site serves as an international platform for discussion and sharing experiences on how to prevent and respond to oil spills with a focus on delivery and exchange of practical and real life information and dialogue. There is no cost or registration required for using the site. This BCSEIC offers information on region- and country-specific initiatives as well as information with worldwide applications. Interested organizations are encouraged to promote their technologies, services, or research activities through the web site. The site is being accessed at roughly 1,000 hits per day from 115 countries all over world. The oil industry strongly endorses the Black Sea and Caspian Sea Environmental Information Center and has representatives participate in all of the Center's workshops. The site is also home to a growing database of historical pollution-testing data from research institutes in the region. Recently, 31 years of pollution-testing data collected by the Ukrainian Scientific Center of the Ecology of the Sea (UkrSCES) was uploaded to the web site. The information includes compiled data, maps, graphic files, and background information on UkrSCES and contains a catalog of oceanographic data on the Black Sea (including chemistry and pollution), geophysical data, statistical evaluations of the data, meteorology, and aerology. Recent events in which the BCSEIC provided input and follow-up resources include the U.S.-Kazakhstan Energy Partnership fourth meeting, September 7-8, 2005, in Washington, D.C and the U.S.-Russian Workshop on Oil Spill Prevention and Response held at Interspill 2004. The Partnership's working groups met to exchange information and develop a program of work to guide the activities of the Partnership over the next twelve months, including establishing an information exchange between the U.S. Department of Energy, the Ministry of Industry and Commerce, the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, and other Ministries of interest of the Republic of Kazakhstan. A U.S.-Russian Workshop on Oil Spill Prevention and Response was held at the Interspill 2004 conference in Trondheim, Norway to discuss energy issues of interest to both countries and to implement the oil spill prevention and response agreement developed between the United States and Russia over the past year. The BCSEIE's goal as a regional information and communications center is to facilitate cooperation among the countries of the region to help prevent oil spills and to develop contingency plans should a spill occur. For more information on how to schedule an "online, real-time" meeting, link data, research proposals, technology products and services from the website, please contact Melissa Lapsa (lapsamv@ornl.gov).

  20. Experiments Performed in Substantiation of the Conditioning of BN-350 Spent Cesium Traps Using Lead or Lead-Bismuth Alloy Filling Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O. Romanenko; I. Tazhibaeva; I. Yakovlev; A. Ivanov; D. Wells; A. Herrick; J. Michelbacher; S. Shiganakov

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The technology of cleaning cesium radionuclides from sodium coolant at the BN-350 fast reactor was realized in the form of cesium traps of two types: stationary devices connected to the circuit that was to be cleaned and in-core devices installed into the core of reactor when it was not under operation. Carbon-graphite materials were used as sorbents to collect and concentrate radioactive cesium, accumulated in the BN-350 reactor circuits over the decades of their operation, in relatively small volume traps which provided effective radiation-safe conditions for personnel working in proximity to the coolant and equipment of the primary circuit during BN-350 decommissioning. Spent cesium traps, as products unfit for further use, represent solid radioactive wastes. The presence of chemically active sodium, potassium and cesium that are able to react violently with water results in series of problems related to their disposal in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Considering the technology of filling spent cesium traps with lead/lead-bismuth alloy as a priority one for their conditioning, evaluations for safety substantiation were implemented. A set of experiments was implemented aimed at verification of calculations performed in substantiation of the proposed technology: filling a full scale cesium trap mock-up with sodium followed by its draining to determine the optimal regimes of draining; filling bench scale cesium trap mock-ups with sodium and cesium followed by sodium draining and filling with lead or lead-bismuth alloy at different temperatures and filling rates to chose the optimal regimes for filling spent cesium traps; implementation of leachability tests to determine the rate of cesium release from the filling materials into water. This paper provides a description of the experimental program carried out and the main results obtained.

  1. The Future of Nuclear Energy: Facts and Fiction: An update using 2009/2010 Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Dittmar

    2011-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    An update of our 2009 study, "The Future of Nuclear Energy, Facts and Fiction" using the 2009 and the available 2010 data, including a critical look at the just published 2009 edition of the Red Book, is presented. Since January 2009, eight reactors with a capacity of 4.9 GWe have been connected to the electric grid and four older reactors, with a combined capacity of 2.64 GWe have been terminated. Furthermore, 27 reactor constructions, dominated by China (18) and Russia (4), have been initiated. The nuclear fission produced electric energy in 2009 followed the slow decline, observed since 2007, with a total production of 2560 TWhe, 41 TWhe (1.6%) less than in 2008 and roughly 100 TWhe less than in the record year 2006. The preliminary data from the first 10 months of 2010 in the OECD countries indicate that nuclear power production in North-America remained at the 2009 levels, while one observes a recovery in Europe with an increase of 2.5% and a strong rise of 5% in the OECD Asia-Pacific area compared to the same period in 2009. Worldwide uranium mining has increased during 2009 by about 7000 tons to almost 51000 tons. Still roughly 18000 tons of the 2010 world uranium requirements need to be provided from the civilian and military reserves. Perhaps the most remarkable new data from the just published 2009 edition of the Red Book, are that (1) the best understood RAR (reasonable assured) and IR (inferred) resources, with a price tag of less than 40 US dollars/Kg, have been inconsistently absorbed in the two to three times higher price categories and (2) uranium mining in Kazakhstan is presented with a short lifetime. The presented mining capacity numbers indicate an uranium extraction peak of 28000 tons during the years 2015-2020, from which it will decline quickly to 14000 tons by 2025 and to only 5000-6000 tons by 2035.

  2. Progress and status of the IAEA coordinated research project: production of Mo-99 using LEU fission or neutron activation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goldman, Ira N.; Adelfang, Pablo [Division of Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Waste Technology, International Atomic Energy Agency, Wagramer Strasse 5, P.O. Box 100, A-1400 Vienna (Austria)], E-mail: I.Goldman@iaea.org, E-mail: P.Adelfang@iaea.org; Ramamoorthy, Natesan [Division of Physical and Chemical Sciences, International Atomic Energy Agency, Wagramer Strasse 5, P.O. Box 100, A-1400 Vienna (Austria)], E-mail: N.Ramamoorthy@iaea.org

    2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Since late 2004, the IAEA has developed and implemented a Coordinated Research Project (CRP) to assist countries interested in initiating indigenous, small-scale production of Mo-99 to meet local nuclear medicine requirements. The objective of the CRP is to provide interested countries with access to non-proprietary technologies and methods to produce Mo-99 using LEU foil or LEU mini-plate targets, or for the utilization of n,gamma neutron activation, e.g. through the use of gel generators. The project has made further progress since the RERTR 2006 meeting, with a Technical Workshop on Operational Aspects of Mo99 Production held 28-30 November 2006 in Vienna and the Second Research Coordination Meeting held in Bucharest, Romania 16-20 April 2007. The paper describes activities carried out as noted above, and as well as the provision of LEU foils to a number of participants, and the progress by a number of groups in preparing for LEU target assembly and disassembly, irradiation, chemical processing, and waste management. The participants' progress in particular on thermal hydraulics computations required for using LEU targets is notable, as also the progress in gel generator plant operations in India and Kazakhstan. Poland has joined as a new research agreement holder and an application by Egypt to be a contract holder is undergoing internal review in the IAEA and is expected to be approved. The IAEA has also participated in several open meetings of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences Study on Producing Medical Radioisotopes without HEU, which will also be discussed in the paper. (author)

  3. Silo Storage Preconceptual Design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stephanie L. Austad; Patrick W. Bragassa; Kevin M Croft; David S Ferguson; Scott C Gladson; Annette L Shafer; John H Weathersby

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) has a need to develop and field a low-cost option for the long-term storage of a variety of radiological material. The storage option’s primary requirement is to provide both environmental and physical protection of the materials. Design criteria for this effort require a low initial cost and minimum maintenance over a 50-year design life. In 1999, Argonne National Laboratory-West was tasked with developing a dry silo storage option for the BN-350 Spent Fuel in Aktau Kazakhstan. Argon’s design consisted of a carbon steel cylinder approximately 16 ft long, 18 in. outside diameter and 0.375 in. wall thickness. The carbon steel silo was protected from corrosion by a duplex coating system consisting of zinc and epoxy. Although the study indicated that the duplex coating design would provide a design life well in excess of the required 50 years, the review board was concerned because of the novelty of the design and the lack of historical use. In 2012, NNSA tasked Idaho National Laboratory (INL) with reinvestigating the silo storage concept and development of alternative corrosion protection strategies. The 2012 study, “Silo Storage Concepts, Cathodic Protection Options Study” (INL/EST-12-26627), concludes that the option which best fits the design criterion is a passive cathotic protection scheme, consisting of a carbon steel tube coated with zinc or a zinc-aluminum alloy encapsulated in either concrete or a cement grout. The hot dipped zinc coating option was considered most efficient, but the flame-sprayed option could be used if a thicker zinc coating was determined to be necessary.

  4. Preparation of High Purity, High Molecular-Weight Chitin from Ionic Liquids for Use as an Adsorbate for the Extraction of Uranium from Seawater (Workscope MS-FC: Fuel Cycle R&D)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rogers, Robin

    2013-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Ensuring a domestic supply of uranium is a key issue facing the wider implementation of nuclear power. Uranium is mostly mined in Kazakhstan, Australia, and Canada, and there are few high-grade uranium reserves left worldwide. Therefore, one of the most appealing potential sources of uranium is the vast quantity dissolved in the oceans (estimated to be 4.4 billion tons worldwide). There have been research efforts centered on finding a means to extract uranium from seawater for decades, but so far none have resulted in an economically viable product, due in part to the fact that the materials that have been successfully demonstrated to date are too costly (in terms of money and energy) to produce on the necessary scale. Ionic Liquids (salts which melt below 100{degrees}C) can completely dissolve raw crustacean shells, leading to recovery of a high purity, high molecular weight chitin powder and to fibers and films which can be spun directly from the extract solution suggesting that continuous processing might be feasible. The work proposed here will utilize the unprecedented control this makes possible over the chitin fiber a) to prepare electrospun nanofibers of very high surface area and in specific architectures, b) to modify the fiber surfaces chemically with selective extractant capacity, and c) to demonstrate their utility in the direct extraction and recovery of uranium from seawater. This approach will 1) provide direct extraction of chitin from shellfish waste thus saving energy over the current industrial process for obtaining chitin; 2) allow continuous processing of nanofibers for very high surface area fibers in an economical operation; 3) provide a unique high molecular weight chitin not available from the current industrial process leading to stronger, more durable fibers; and 4) allow easy chemical modification of the large surface areas of the fibers for appending uranyl selective functionality providing selectivity and ease of stripping. The resulting sorbent should prove economically feasible, as well as providing an overall net energy gain.

  5. Analysis of HEU samples from the ULBA Metallurgical Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gift, E.H.

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In early March 1994, eight highly enriched uranium (HEU) samples were collected from materials stored at the Ulba Metallurgical Plant in Oskamen (Ust Kamenogorsk), Kazakhstan. While at the plant site, portions of four samples were dissolved and analyzed by mass spectrograph at the Ulba analytical laboratory by Ulba analysts. Three of these mass spectrograph solutions and the eight HEU samples were subsequently delivered to the Y-12 Plant for complete chemical and isotopic analyses. Chemical forms of the eight samples were uranium metal chips, U0{sub 2} powder, uranium/beryllium oxide powder, and uranium/beryllium alloy rods. All were declared by the Ulba plant to have a uranium assay of {approximately}90 wt % {sup 235}U. The uranium/beryllium powder and alloy samples were also declared to range from about 8 to 28 wt % uranium. The chemical and uranium isotopic analyses done at the Y-12 Plant confirm the Ulba plant declarations. All samples appear to have been enriched using some reprocessed uranium, probably from recovery of uranium from plutonium production reactors. As a result, all samples contain some {sup 236}U and {sup 232}U and have small but measurable quantities of plutonium. This plutonium could be the result of either contamination carried over from the enrichment process or cross-contamination from weapons material. It is not the result of direct reactor exposure. Neither the {sup 232}U nor the plutonium concentrations are sufficiently high to provide a significant industrial health hazard. Both are well within established or proposed acceptance criteria for storage at Y-12. The trace metal analyses showed that, with the exception of beryllium, there are no trace metals in any of these HEU samples that pose a significant health hazard.

  6. Remediation of former uranium mining and milling activities in Central Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waggitt, Peter [International Atomic Energy Agency - IAEA, Wagramer Strasse 5, P.O. Box 100 - 1400 Vienna (Austria)

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Available in abstract form only. Full text of publication follows: Several of the Central Asian countries of the former Soviet Union were involved in the uranium mining and milling industry from about 1945 for varying periods until the break up of the Soviet Union in 1991 and beyond. Some facilities are still producing in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. However, before the break up, many facilities had been abandoned and in only a few cases had any remediation been undertaken. Since 1991 the newly independent states of the region have been seeking assistance for the remediation of the multitude of tailings piles, waste rock stockpiles and abandoned, and often semi dismantled, production facilities that may be found throughout the region. Many of these sites are close to settlements that were established as service towns for the mines. Most towns still have populations, although the mining industry has departed. In some instances there are cases of pollution and contamination and in many locations there is a significant level of public concern. The IAEA has been undertaking a number of Technical Cooperation (TC) projects throughout the region for some time to strengthen the institutions in the relevant states and assist them to establish monitoring and surveillance programs as an integral part of the long term remediation process. The IAEA is liaising with other agencies and donors who are also working on these problems to optimise the remediation effort. The paper describes the objectives and operation of the main TC regional program, liaison efforts with other agencies, the achievements so far and the long term issues for remediation of these legacies of the 'cold war' era. (authors)

  7. Cogeneration of Electricity and Potable Water Using The International Reactor Innovative And Secure (IRIS) Design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ingersoll, D.T.; Binder, J.L.; Kostin, V.I.; Panov, Y.K.; Polunichev, V.; Ricotti, M.E.; Conti, D.; Alonso, G.

    2004-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The worldwide demand for potable water has been steadily growing and is projected to accelerate, driven by a continued population growth and industrialization of emerging countries. This growth is reflected in a recent market survey by the World Resources Institute, which shows a doubling in the installed capacity of seawater desalination plants every ten years. The production of desalinated water is energy intensive, requiring approximately 3-6 kWh/m3 of produced desalted water. At current U.S. water use rates, a dedicated 1000 MW power plant for every one million people would be required to meet our water needs with desalted water. Nuclear energy plants are attractive for large scale desalination application. The thermal energy produced in a nuclear plant can provide both electricity and desalted water without the production of greenhouse gases. A particularly attractive option for nuclear desalination is to couple a desalination plant with an advanced, modular, passively safe reactor design. The use of small-to-medium sized nuclear power plants allows for countries with smaller electrical grid needs and infrastructure to add new electrical and water capacity in more appropriate increments and allows countries to consider siting plants at a broader number of distributed locations. To meet these needs, a modified version of the International Reactor Innovative and Secure (IRIS) nuclear power plant design has been developed for the cogeneration of electricity and desalted water. The modular, passively safe features of IRIS make it especially well adapted for this application. Furthermore, several design features of the IRIS reactor will ensure a safe and reliable source of energy and water even for countries with limited nuclear power experience and infrastructure. The IRIS-D design utilizes low-quality steam extracted from the low-pressure turbine to boil seawater in a multi-effect distillation desalination plant. The desalination plant is based on the horizontal tube film evaporation design used successfully with the BN-350 nuclear plant in Aktau, Kazakhstan. Parametric studies have been performed to optimize the balance of plant design. Also, an economic analysis has been performed, which shows that IRIS-D should be able to provide electricity and clean water at highly competitive costs.

  8. Developments in the Nuclear Safeguards and Security Engineering Degree Program at Tomsk Polytechnic University

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boiko, Vladimir I.; Demyanyuk, Dmitry G.; Silaev, Maxim E.; Duncan, Cristen L.; Heinberg, Cynthia L.; Killinger, Mark H.; Goodey, Kent O.; Butler, Gilbert W.

    2009-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the last six years, Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU) has developed a 5½ year engineering degree program in the field of Material Protection Control and Accounting (MPC&A). In 2009 the first students graduated with this new degree. There were 25 job offers from nuclear fuel cycle enterprises of Russia and Kazakhstan for 17 graduates of the program. Due to the rather wide selection of workplaces, all graduates have obtained positions at nuclear enterprises. The program was developed within the Applied Physics and Engineering Department (APED). The laboratory and methodological base has been created taking into consideration the experience of the similar program at the Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (MEPhI). However, the TPU program has some distinguishing features such as the inclusion of special courses pertaining to fuel enrichment and reprocessing. During the last two years, three MPC&A laboratories have been established at APED. This was made possible due to several factors such as establishment of the State innovative educational program at TPU, assistance of the U.S. Department of Energy through Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Los Alamos National Laboratory, and the financial support of the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority and some Russian private companies. All three of the MPC&A laboratories are part of the Innovative Educational Center “Nuclear Technologies and Non-Proliferation,” which deals with many topics including research activities, development of new curricula for experts training and retraining, and training of master’s students. In 2008, TPU developed a relationship with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), which was familiarized with APED’s current resources and activities. The IAEA has shown interest in creation of a master’s degree educational program in the field of nuclear security at TPU. A future objective is to acquaint nuclear fuel cycle enterprises with new APED capabilities and involve the enterprises in the scientific and educational projects implemented through the Nuclear Technologies and Non-Proliferation Center. This paper describes the development of the MPC&A engineering degree program and future goals of TPU in the field of nonproliferation education.

  9. Recent Developments in the Management of Cameco Corporation's Fuel Services Division Waste - 13144

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Thomas P. [Cameco Corporation, Port Hope, Ontario (Canada)] [Cameco Corporation, Port Hope, Ontario (Canada)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cameco Corporation is a world leader in uranium production. Headquartered in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan our operations provide 16% of the world uranium mine production and we have approximately 435 million pounds of proven and probable uranium reserves. Cameco mining operations are located in Saskatchewan, Wyoming, Nebraska and Kazakhstan. Cameco is also a major supplier of uranium processing services required to produce fuel for the generation of clean energy. These operations are based in Blind River, Cobourg and Port Hope, Ontario and are collectively referred to as the Fuel Services Division. The Fuel Services Division produces uranium trioxide from uranium ore concentrate at the Blind River Refinery. Cameco produces uranium hexafluoride and uranium dioxide at the Port Hope Conversion Facility. Cameco operates a fuel manufacturing facility in Port Hope, Ontario and a metal fabrication facility located in Cobourg, Ontario. The company manufactures fuel bundles utilized in the Candu reactors. Cameco's Fuel Services Division produces several types of low-level radioactively contaminated wastes. Internal processing capabilities at both the Blind River Refinery and Port Hope Conversion Facility are extensive and allow for the recycling of several types of waste. Notwithstanding these capabilities there are certain wastes that are not amenable to the internal processing capabilities and must be disposed of appropriately. Disposal options for low-level radioactively contaminated wastes in Canada are limited primarily due to cost considerations. In recent years, Cameco has started to ship marginally contaminated wastes (<500 ppm uranium) to the United States for disposal in an appropriate landfill. The landfill is owned by US Ecology Incorporated and is located near Grand View, Idaho 70 miles southeast of Boise in the Owyhee Desert. The facility treats and disposes hazardous waste, non-hazardous industrial waste and low-activity radioactive material. The site's arid climate, deep groundwater and favourable geology help ensure permanent waste isolation. Combined with a state of the art multi-layer landfill liner system, the Grand View facility represents an ideal choice to minimize environmental liability. Marginally contaminated wastes from operations within the Fuel Services Division are typically loaded into PacTec IP-2 rated Intermediary Bulk Containers and then transported by road to a nearby rail siding. The Intermediary Bulk Containers are then loaded in US Ecology owned gondola rail-cars. The gondolas are then transported via Canadian Pacific and Union Pacific railroads to the US Ecology Rail Transfer facility located in Mayfield, Idaho. The Intermediary Bulk Containers are unloaded into trucks for transport to the disposal facility located approximately 32 miles away. (authors)

  10. Romania: Brand-New Engineering Solutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ken Allen; Lucian Biro; Nicolae Zamfir; Madalina Budu

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The HEU spent nuclear fuel transport from Romania was a pilot project in the framework of the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR), being the first fully certified spent nuclear fuel shipment by air. The successful implementation of the Romanian shipment also brought various new technology in the program, further used by other participating countries. Until 2009, the RRRFR program repatriated to the Russian Federation HEU spent nuclear fuel of Russian origin from many countries, like Uzbekistan, Czech Republic, Latvia, Hungary, Kazakhstan and Bulgaria. The means of transport used were various; from specialized TK-5 train for the carriage of Russian TUK-19 transport casks, to platform trains for 20 ft freight ISO containers carrying Czech Skoda VPVR/M casks; from river barge on the Danube, to vessel on the Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean. Initially, in 2005, the transport plan of the HEU spent nuclear fuel from the National Institute for R&D in Nuclear Physics and Nuclear Engineering 'Horia Hulubei' in Magurele, Romania considered a similar scheme, using the specialized TK-5 train transiting Ukraine to the destination point in the Russian Federation, or, as an alternative, using the means and route of the spent nuclear fuel periodically shipped from the Bulgarian nuclear power plant Kosloduy (by barge on the Danube, and by train through Ukraine to the Russian Federation). Due to impossibility to reach an agreement in due time with the transit country, in February 2007 the US, Russian and Romanian project partners decided to adopt the air shipment of the spent nuclear fuel as prime option, eliminating the need for agreements with any transit countries. By this time the spent nuclear fuel inspections were completed, proving the compliance of the burn-up parameters with the international requirements for air shipments of radioactive materials. The short air route avoiding overflying of any other countries except the country of origin and the country of destination also contributed to the decision making in this issue. The efficient project management and cooperation between the three countries (Russia, Romania and USA) made possible, after two and a half years of preparation work, for the first fully certified spent nuclear fuel air shipment to take place on 29th of June 2009, from Romanian airport 'Henri Coanda' to the Russian airport 'Koltsovo' near Yekaterinburg. One day before that, after a record period of 3 weeks of preparation, another HEU cargo was shipped by air from Romanian Institute for Nuclear Research in Pitesti to Russia, containing fresh pellets and therefore making Romania the third HEU-free country in the RRRFR program.

  11. REPORT OF THE ISS OSI INVITED MEETING, VIENNA, 24-27 MARCH, 2009

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sweeney, J J

    2009-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The International Scientific Studies project (ISS) was initiated in early 2008 with the objective of creating a series of activities aimed at application of modern scientific methods to improve the efficiency of analysis and the quality of verification of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO). The ISS On-Site Inspection (OSI) Invited Meeting convened on March 24, 2009 with the objectives of gaining a better understanding of the phenomenology of underground nuclear explosions (UNE) for OSI purposes and to identify areas of interest to OSI that could benefit significantly from contributions by the general scientific community. Fifteen invited experts from four countries, along with fifteen members of the OSI Division of the Provisional Technical Secretariat (PTS) met for four days at the Vienna International Center in an informal setting to discuss the application of observational methods, geophysical techniques, radionuclide measurement methods, environmental sampling methods, drilling techniques, and information management in the context UNE phenomena and OSI implementation. The meeting began with the identification and description of two general OSI scenarios, a vertical borehole emplacement and a horizontal tunnel emplacement, that serve as general examples of past UNE testing activities that can be used as a reference to identify UNE phenomena relevant for OSI observations. A significant portion of the first day of the meeting was spent in the description of the details of these scenarios and their implications for OSI observables. This discussion then served as a foundation for the discussions of the following three days in which OSI methods and technologies were evaluated in the context of UNE phenomenology and signatures. The methods and technologies discussed included visual observation from air and ground, radiation detection from the air, ground, and subsurface, ground-based and airborne geophysical observations and analysis, collection strategies for air, water, and solid samples, drilling concepts, and aspects of data fusion, information management, and modeling and simulation. The informal setting of the meeting provided a 'brainstorming' atmosphere and participation was excellent. One important aspect of this particular group was the very wide breadth of experience and expertise represented, ranging from those sharing their knowledge of UNE testing practice, radiological measurements and sampling, and knowledge of the underground effects of UNEs, to those with extensive experience in scientific and commercial geophysical measurements and surveys, to others with rich experience gained from several OSI field exercises, including the recent OSI Integrated Field Exercise in held in Kazakhstan in September 2008. During the workshop a number of topic areas relevant to OSI, explained in the list below, were identified that will benefit from collaboration with the international scientific community. Most of the topics represent the potential for studies of long-term interest, but some topics were identified that could be addressed, either by workshop participants or others known to the participants, that could be included as abstracts for submission to the ISS meeting taking place in June 2009. Items with topics that could be covered in the June meeting are annotated in the list. The meeting ended with the general understanding that ISS will not be completed with the June 2009 Conference. Rather, the ISS is considered as a long term project sponsoring relevant ongoing international scientific initiatives to expand and improve the verification capabilities of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty.

  12. Changes in Russia's Military and Nuclear Doctrine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolkov, Benjamin M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Balatsky, Galya I. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1993, the Russian Federation set out a new military doctrine that would determine the direction of its armed forces until President Putin set out the next doctrine in 2000. The Russian Federation creating the doctrine was new; the USSR had recently collapsed, Gorbachev - the creator of the predecessor to this doctrine in 1987 - was out of office, and the new Russian military had only been formed in May, 1992.1 The analysis of the 1993 doctrine is as follows: a definition of how doctrine is defined; a short history of Russian military doctrine leading up to the 1993 doctrine (officially the Basic Provisions of the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation); and finally, what the doctrine established. An overview of the 1993 doctrine is: (1) Russia's 1993 doctrine was a return to older, more aggressive doctrine as a result of stability concerns surrounding the recent collapse of the USSR; (2) Russia turned from Gorbachev's 'defensive defense' in the 1987 doctrine to aggressive defense with the option of preempting or striking back against an aggressor; (3) Russia was deeply concerned about how nationalism would affect the former Soviet Republics, particularly in respect to the ethnic Russians still living abroad; and (4) Nuclear doctrine pledged to not be the first to use nuclear weapons but provided for the potential for escalation from a conventional to a nuclear war. The 2000 doctrine (officially the Russian Federation Military Doctrine) was created in a more stable world than the 1993 doctrine was. The Russian Federation had survived independence and the 'threat of direct military aggression against the Russian Federation and its allies' had diminished. It had secured all of the nuclear weapons from its neighbors Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan, and had elected a new president, Vladimir Putin, to replace Boris Yeltsin. Yet, even as the doctrine took more defensive tones than the 1993 doctrine, it expanded its nuclear options. Below are a new definition of what doctrine meant in 2000 and an outline of the 2000 doctrine. An overview of the 2000 doctrine is: (1) The 2000 doctrine was a return to a more defensive posture; the threat of nuclear retaliation, rather than that of preemptive force, would be its deterrence; (2) In order to strengthen its nuclear deterrence, Russia extended and redefined the cases in which nuclear weapons could be used to include a wider range of conflict types and a larger spectrum of attackers; and (3) Russia's threats changed to reflect its latest fear of engaging in a limited conflict with no prospect of the use of nuclear deterrence. In 2006, the defense minister and deputy prime minister Sergei Ivanov announced that the government was starting on a draft of a future doctrine. Four years later, in 2010, the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation was put into effect with the intent of determining Russian doctrine until 2020. The 2010 doctrine, like all previous doctrines, was a product of the times in which it was written. Gone were many of the fears that had followed Russia for the past two decades. Below are an examination of the 2010 definition of doctrine as well as a brief analysis of the 2010 doctrine and its deviations from past doctrines. An overview of the 2010 doctrine is: (1) The new doctrine emphasizes the political centralization of command both in military policy and the use of nuclear weapons; (2) Nuclear doctrine remains the same in many aspects including the retention of first-use; (3) At the same time, doctrine was narrowed to using nuclear weapons only when the Russian state's existence is in danger; to continue strong deterrence, Russia also opted to follow the United States by introducing precision conventional weapons; (4) NATO is defined as Russia's primary external threat because of its increased global presence and its attempt to recruit states that are part of the Russian 'bloc'; and (5) The 2000 doctrine's defensive stance was left out of the doctrine; rumored options for use of nuclear weapons in local wars and in preemptive strikes were also left out.