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Sample records for kazakhstan kyrgyzstan laos

  1. Name * First Last Address Street Address Address Line 2 City State ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho ...

  2. Symposium Registration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho ...

  3. Kazakhstan's potential provides Western opportunities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Darnell, R. )

    1993-01-01

    While crude oil production continues to drop in the Russian Federation at a rate of 15% to 20% per year, Kazakhstan's output rose from 440,000 bopd in 1991 to 446,000 bopd, as of November 1992. Much of this increase was exported to the Russian Federation to supplement the latter's declining production. while Kazakhstan received needed Russian goods in exchange for this oil, it isn't getting the hard currency that will be required to upgrade its petroleum industry. This is a serious problem for Kazakh officials, since they are counting on revenues from petroleum exports to invigorate their overall plan for economic growth in this newly independent country. In order to convert Kazakhstan's hydrocarbon potential into economic reality, two critical issues must be addressed immediately. First, Kazakhstan must develop a tax and minerals law that gives multinational petroleum companies an incentive to invest in opening a dedicated crude oil export route through Russia, and at least one alternate export route to the Caspian Sea or Persian Gulf. At present, even the most successful petroleum venture inside Kazakhstan would have to weave its way through the Russian bureaucracy to utilize that existing and inadequate export pipeline system. This quandary, of course, has recently become the undoing of several Western petroleum operations that have managed to actually produce exportable oil inside the Russian Federation itself, but they can't get it out. In addition, three other variables should be considered by any party that is evaluating Kazakhstan as a future area (see map for current fields) of interest for petroleum operations. These are political stability, field operating conditions, and the country's natural gas crisis. Each of these factors, though not as critical as the legal regime and export access, can radically affect how an operator might approach negotiating the terms of its particular project.

  4. laos

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

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  5. The Post-Soviet Development of Elite-Level Athletics in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silecky, Matej

    2013-01-01

    Canoeing  Rowing  Taekwondo  Cycling  Shooting  Trampoline Boxing  Judo  Shooting  Taekwondo  Wrestling  Canoeing Gymnastics  Shooting  Taekwondo  Triathlon  Wrestling 

  6. Laos: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  7. KazaKhstan and theworld economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of trade policy, with a distinctive constitutional, classical-liberal defence of free trade drawn from his government at home. he strongly advocated a rule-based international economic order pillared on free tradeKazaKhstan and theworld economy: an assessment of Kazakhstan's trade policy and pending accession

  8. Vientiane, Laos: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  9. United States Department of Energy and the Republic of Kazakhstan...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Department of Energy and the Republic of Kazakhstan Ministry of Energy Mark the Completion of the Packaging of the BN-350 Fast Breeder Reactor Spent Fuel | National Nuclear...

  10. School Leadership and Capacity Building in Kazakhstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yakavets, Natallia; Frost, David; Khoroshash, Aidar

    2015-08-04

    will and accompanying strategic plans, which we can safely say exist in abundance in contemporary Kazakhstan. Initiatives that emanate from the centre seem to have a clear rationale and explicit plans for dissemination. Indeed, our research hitherto indicates... detail’, and also by introducing the rotation of staff every two years. In one of the schools we visited, the principal was trying to find ways to encourage teachers to take on leadership by ‘giving some opportunities, some space to work, some...

  11. 1-4244-1243-9/07/$25.00 2007 IEEE Mobile phone users in Kyrgyzstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    1-4244-1243-9/07/$25.00 ©2007 IEEE Mobile phone users in Kyrgyzstan: A case study of identifying, including developing regions. This paper presents a case study outlining our process of using data from for the mobile phone platform because of its high level of adoption. This paper presents a case study of one idea

  12. Local Involvement in Measuring and Governing Carbon Stocks in China, Vietnam, Indonesia and Laos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    26 Local Involvement in Measuring and Governing Carbon Stocks in China, Vietnam, Indonesia and Laos-REDD+ study sites in China, Vietnam, Indonesia and Laos have been trained in establishing vegetation plots in China, Indonesia, Lao PDR and Vietnam from 2011 to 2014. ___________________________ 1 Skindergade 23

  13. U.S. and Kazakhstan Strengthen Energy Ties During Secretary Bodman...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    climate in Kazakhstan. Secretary Bodman arrived in Kazakhstan after visiting Pakistan where he took part in high-level meeting to discuss ways that the U.S. and Pakistan...

  14. Abstract--This work consists of two main components: (a) a longitudinal ethnographic study in Kyrgyzstan that

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    study in Kyrgyzstan that demonstrates the importance of transportation resources in the developing world. Transportation is a very important shared resource; enabling efficient and effective use of such resources aids at their location. The paper discusses the system and early testing, as well as the development implications

  15. China Lao Gaixian Wind L P | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  16. On secondary loops in LAOS via self-intersection of Lissajous–Bowditch curves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ewoldt, Randy H.

    When the shear stress measured in large amplitude oscillatory shear (LAOS) deformation is represented as a 2-D Lissajous–Bowditch curve, the corresponding trajectory can appear to self-intersect and form secondary loops. ...

  17. US-Kazakhstan Energy Partnership | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  18. Kazakhstan Climate Change Coordination Center | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:onItronKanosh Town Corporationsource HistoryKazakhstan

  19. Power in Transition: The Spatial Variation of Territorial Cohesion in Kazakhstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burke, Cristin

    2013-08-31

    encouraged to do so. It was quite a gift from our parents. Mom once wrote to say how brave I was to live in Kazakhstan and face some of the challenges. Brave? Not really. I had a cell phone, a computer, and a means to reach family on a regular basis. I wasn... Power in Transition: The Spatial Variation of Territorial Cohesion in Kazakhstan By Copyright 2013 Cristin A. Burke Submitted to the graduate degree program in Geography and the Graduate Faculty of the University of Kansas in partial...

  20. Request for Proposal No. DE-SOL-0008418 Section J, Appendix D

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Azerbaijan Belarus China (People's Republic of China) Cuba Georgia Hong Kong India Iran Iraq Israel Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Libya Moldova North Korea (Democratic People's...

  1. Communist China's Policy Toward Laos: A Case Study, 1954-67

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Chae-Jin

    1970-01-01

    member's military action in the event of armed conflict. Nevertheless, the Chinese vigorously attacked SEATO's com mitment to Laos and its frequent "display of military might" around China's periphery. To counter SEATO's anti-Peking "activities... meant nothing but a "screen for great power designs and claims to hegemony."13 To suggest that the Chinese are generally prudent and cautious does not necessarily mean they are so fearful that they will never use their armed forces. They have both...

  2. The microstructure and rheology of a model, thixotropic nanoparticle gel under steady shear and large amplitude oscillatory shear (LAOS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Min Kim, Jung; Kate Gurnon, A.; Wagner, Norman J., E-mail: wagnernj@udel.edu [Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering and Center for Neutron Science, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States); Eberle, Aaron P. R. [NIST Center for Neutron Research, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States); Porcar, Lionel [NIST Center for Neutron Research, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 and Institut Laue-Langevin, BP 156, F-38042 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France)

    2014-09-01

    The microstructure-rheology relationship for a model, thermoreversible nanoparticle gel is investigated using a new technique of time-resolved neutron scattering under steady and time-resolved large amplitude oscillatory shear (LAOS) flows. A 21 vol. % gel is tested with varying strength of interparticle attraction. Shear-induced structural anisotropy is observed as butterfly scattering patterns and quantified through an alignment factor. Measurements in the plane of flow show significant, local anisotropy develops with alignment along the compressional axis of flow, providing new insights into how gels flow. The microstructure-rheology relationship is analyzed through a new type of structure-Lissajous plot that shows how the anisotropic microstructure is responsible for the observed LAOS response, which is beyond a response expected for a purely viscous gel with constant structure. The LAOS shear viscosities are observed to follow the “Delaware-Rutgers” rule. Rheological and microstructural data are successfully compared across a broad range of conditions by scaling the shear rate by the strength of attraction, providing a method to compare behavior between steady shear and LAOS experiments. However, important differences remain between the microstructures measured at comparatively high frequency in LAOS experiments and comparable steady shear experiments that illustrate the importance of measuring the microstructure to properly interpret the nonlinear, dynamic rheological response.

  3. Emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases over1 Asian regions during 20002008: Regional Emission2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    of Russia/West Siberia WSIB Asian part of Russia/Ural URAL Kazakhstan KAZ Kyrgyzstan KGZ Tajikistan TJK Maldives MDV Asian part of Russia/Far East RCA FARE Asian part of Russia/East Siberia ESIB Asian part

  4. Sustainable development and comprehensive capital : The post-Soviet decline of Central Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sievers, Eric

    2001-01-01

    The general post-Soviet decline of the states of Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan) mirrors specific declines in the robustness of these states' stocks of financial, physical, ...

  5. The theoretical model of the design-advertising agency in Almaty, Kazakhstan, based on the experience of the same business in Austin, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rozenberg, Julia Alexeevna

    2001-01-01

    This study discussed a theoretical model for the start-up stage of a design-advertising agency in Almaty, Kazakhstan. The model is designed based on the analysis of the same industry in Austin, Texas, USA and takes into account the national context...

  6. A digital seismogram archive of nuclear explosion signals, recorded at the Borovoye Geophysical Observatory, Kazakhstan, from 1966 to 1996

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    An, Vadim A.; Ovtchinnikov, Vladimir M.; Kaazik, Pyotr B.; Adushkin, Vitaly V.; Sokolova, Inna N.; Aleschenko, Iraida B.; Mikhailova, Natalya N.; Kim, Won -Young; Richards, Paul G.; Patton, Howard J.; et al

    2015-03-27

    Seismologists from Kazakhstan, Russia, and the United States have rescued the Soviet-era archive of nuclear explosion seismograms recorded at Borovoye in northern Kazakhstan during the period 1966–1996. The signals had been stored on about 8000 magnetic tapes, which were held at the recording observatory. After hundreds of man-years of work, these digital waveforms together with significant metadata are now available via the project URL, namely http://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/res/pi/Monitoring/Data/ as a modern open database, of use to diverse communities. Three different sets of recording systems were operated at Borovoye, each using several different seismometers and different gain levels. For some explosions, more thanmore »twenty different channels of data are available. A first data release, in 2001, contained numerous glitches and lacked many instrument responses, but could still be used for measuring accurate arrival times and for comparison of the strengths of different types of seismic waves. The project URL also links to our second major data release, for nuclear explosions in Eurasia recorded in Borovoye, in which the data have been deglitched, all instrument responses have been included, and recording systems are described in detail. This second dataset consists of more than 3700 waveforms (digital seismograms) from almost 500 nuclear explosions in Eurasia, many of them recorded at regional distances. It is important as a training set for the development and evaluation of seismological methods of discriminating between earthquakes and underground explosions, and can be used for assessment of three-dimensional models of the Earth’s interior structure.« less

  7. Wavelength-extended photovoltaic infrared photodetectors Yan-Feng Lao, P. K. D. D. P. Pitigala, A. G. Unil Perera, L. H. Li, S. P. Khanna, and E. H. Linfield

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perera, A. G. Unil

    Wavelength-extended photovoltaic infrared photodetectors Yan-Feng Lao, P. K. D. D. P. Pitigala, A Publishing Articles you may be interested in Photovoltaic infrared detection with p-type graded barrier://scitation.aip.org/termsconditions. Downloaded to IP: 131.96.4.179 On: Mon, 31 Mar 2014 16:28:42 #12;Wavelength-extended photovoltaic infrared

  8. Feasibility studies to establish at the Kazakhstan Ulba metallurgical plant the manufacturing capability to produce low-enriched uranium certified reference materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuzminski, Jozef [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nesuhoff, J [NBL; Cratto, P [NBL; Pfennigwerth, G [Y12 NATIONAL SEC. COMPLEX; Mikhailenko, A [ULBA METALLURGICAL PLANT; Maliutina, I [ULBA METALLURGICAL PLANT; Nations, J [GREGG PROTECTION SERVICES

    2009-01-01

    One of the salient features of the transition plan that the United States Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) is presently implementing in the Former Soviet Union countries is the availability of uranium certified reference materials for calibration of nondestructive assay (NDA) measurement equipment. To address this challenge, DOE/NNSA and U.S. national laboratories have focused their cooperative efforts on establishing a reliable source for manufacturing, certifying, and supplying of such standards. The Ulba Metallurgical Plant (UMP), Kazakhstan, which processes large quantities of low-enriched uranium to produce ceramic fuel pellets for nuclear-powered reactors, is well situated to become a key supplier of low-enriched uranium certified reference materials for the country and Central Asia region. We have recently completed Phase I of a feasibility study to establish at UMP capabilities of manufacturing these standards. In this paper we will discuss details of a proposed methodology for uranium down-blending, material selection and characterization, and a proposed methodology of measurement by destructive (DA) and non-destructive (NDA) analysis to form a database for material certification by the competent State authorities in the Republic of Kazakhstan. In addition, we will discuss the prospect for manufacturing of such standards at UMP.

  9. Kyrgyzstan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  10. laos | National Nuclear Security Administration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  11. Probabilistic seismic risk of the territory of Bishkek city, Kyrgyzstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kamchybekov, Murataly Pakirovich

    2008-07-08

    For seismic risk analysis were gathered information about district's seismicity, tectonics, topography, and engineering--geotechnical conditions, which present in apartments, infrastructures and demographies. All of these informations are joined within the limits of GIS for father probabilistic evaluations from different losses levels from earthquake, and also definitions of effective arrangements by reaction. There were given analysis of obtained results with the purpose to take into the consideration and falling of seismic risk's levels.

  12. Kyrgyzstan-Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  13. Kazakhstan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  14. Laos-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  15. Laos-Forest Investment Program (FIP) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  16. Lao Institute for Renewable Energy LIRE | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  17. Oil and gas resources of the Fergana Basin (Uzbekistan, Tadzhikistan, and Kyrgyzstan)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1995-01-01

    This analysis is part of the Energy Information Administration`s (EIA`s) Foreign Energy Supply Assessment Program (FESAP). This one for the Fergana Basin is an EIA first for republics of the former Soviet Union (FSU). This was a trial study of data availability and methodology, resulting in a reservoir-level assessment of ultimate recovery for both oil and gas. Ultimate recovery, as used here, is the sum of cumulative production and remaining Proved plus Probable reserves as of the end of 1987. Reasonable results were obtained when aggregating reservoir-level values to the basin level, and in determining general but important distributions of across-basin reservoir and fluid parameters. Currently, this report represents the most comprehensive assessment publicly available for oil and gas in the Fergana Basin. This full report provides additional descriptions, discussions and analysis illustrations that are beneficial to those considering oil and gas investments in the Fergana Basin. 57 refs., 22 figs., 6 tabs.

  18. Oil and gas resources of the Fergana basin (Uzbekistan, Tadzhikistan, and Kyrgyzstan). Advance summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-12-07

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA), in cooperation with the US Geological Survey (USGS), has assessed 13 major petroleum producing regions outside of the United States. This series of assessments has been performed under EIA`s Foreign Energy Supply Assessment Program (FESAP). The basic approach used in these assessments was to combine historical drilling, discovery, and production data with EIA reserve estimates and USGS undiscovered resource estimates. Field-level data for discovered oil were used for these previous assessments. In FESAP, supply projections through depletion were typically formulated for the country or major producing region. Until now, EIA has not prepared an assessment of oil and gas provinces in the former Soviet Union (FSU). Before breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Fergana basin was selected for a trial assessment of its discovered and undiscovered oil and gas. The object was to see if enough data could be collected and estimated to perform reasonable field-level estimates of oil and gas in this basin. If so, then assessments of other basins in the FSU could be considered. The objective was met and assessments of other basins can be considered. Collected data for this assessment cover discoveries through 1987. Compared to most other oil and gas provinces in the FSU, the Fergana basin is relatively small in geographic size, and in number and size of most of its oil and gas fields. However, with recent emphasis given to the central graben as a result of the relatively large Mingbulak field, the basin`s oil and gas potential has significantly increased. At least 7 additional fields to the 53 fields analyzed are known and are assumed to have been discovered after 1987.

  19. Assessing Variation in Wildlife Biodiversity in the Tien Shan Mountains of Kyrgyzstan Using Ancillary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    Ancillary Camera-trap Photos Jennifer L. McCarthy1 *, Kyle P. McCarthy1 , Todd K. Fuller1 , and Thomas M. Mc) abundance (McCarthy et al 2008), we collected ancillary camera-trap photos taken in the Tien Shan Mountains and photo rates for most species were higher. Our use of ancillary camera-trap photos was valuable

  20. Kazakhstan-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  1. Kazakhstan-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  2. Kazakhstan-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  3. Deputy Secretary Poneman Visits Kazakhstan | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

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  4. Compiling RES Legislation for Kazakhstan | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  5. Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Seminar in Kazakhstan | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  6. U.S. - Kazakhstan Cooperation on Nuclear Security and Nonproliferation |

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

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  7. US, Kazakhstan Cooperate to Eliminate Highly Enriched Uranium | National

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

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  8. Kazakhstan-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  9. Kazakhstan-Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:onItronKanosh Town CorporationsourceEconomies in Central Asia

  10. Kode Dansk English AD Andorra ANDORRA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    KENYA KG Kirgisistan KYRGYZSTAN KH Cambodia CAMBODIA KI Kiribati KIRIBATI KM Comorerne COMOROS KN Sankt

  11. IPM packages deliver food security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Isaacs, Rufus

    living in poverty in Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and the surrounding area. Ecologically-based IPM

  12. Perpetuating the Party and Producing Propagandists: The Politics of Poetics in the Lao People's Democratic Republic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carroll, Charles

    2011-01-01

    largely inaudible over the drone of the ceiling fans in theKhamlah remain huddled around a downed Thai drone aircraft.label perched atop the drone read: “Do not touch. ” Students

  13. Women Weaving Well-Being: The Social Reproduction of Health in Laos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lundberg, Kristin V.

    2008-04-30

    perspective refers to how people marshal knowledge and use resources to create, maintain, and perpetuate health. It is the assessment of society's ability to generate well-being, assure the continuum of generations, and maintain a way of life. Standard...

  14. Refugee Reintegration in Rural Areas: Land Distribution in Ban Pha Thao, Lao PDR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ballard, Brett M.

    The successful reintegration of refugee groups in rural areas often depends on people’s access to and control over productive land resources. The acquisition of land and the preservation of secure use rights depend on ...

  15. Laos-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervar HydroElectricColorado:EnergyLaor Batteries Ltd

  16. Laos-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervar HydroElectricColorado:EnergyLaor Batteries LtdLowering

  17. Laos-Low Carbon Asia Research Network (LoCARNet) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History ViewInformationWinds Jump to: navigation,LandsvirkjunCarbon Asia

  18. Laos-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History ViewInformationWinds Jump to: navigation,LandsvirkjunCarbon

  19. U.S. Works With Kazakhstan to Stop Nuclear and Radioactive Material...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - As part of the overall U.S. strategy to prevent nuclear and dangerous radiological materials from falling into the hands of terrorists, the Department of...

  20. DOE/NE Sponsors a U.S. - Kazakhstan Civilian Nuclear Energy Workshop...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    McGinnis explained the role of the Office of Nuclear Energy within the U.S. Department of Energy as well as useful ways by which to collaborate multilaterally such as through the...

  1. Housing and Ethnicity in the Post-Soviet City: Ust'-Kamenogorsk, Kazakhstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Youqin

    functioning and its degree of state regulation, housing stock heterogeneity, labour market conditions, anti important in taking advantage

  2. Use of plasma fuel systems at thermal power plants in Russia, Kazakhstan, China, and Turkey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karpenko, E.I.; Karpenko, Y.E.; Messerle, V.E.; Ustimenko, A.B. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ulan Ude (Russian Federation). Institute of Thermal Physics

    2009-05-15

    The technology of plasma ignition of solid fuels is described, as well as its creation and development steps, the technoeconomic characteristics of plasma igniter systems, schemes of their installation in pulverized-coal boilers, and results of their application at pulverized coal-fired power plants.

  3. Ultrarapid exhumation of ultrahigh-pressure diamond-bearing metasedimentary rocks of the Kokchetav Massif, Kazakhstan?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Bradley R.

    .: +1-805-893-7952; fax: +1-805- 893-2314. E-mail address: hacker@geology.ucsb.edu (B.R. Hacker). www

  4. DOE/NE Sponsors a U.S. - Kazakhstan Civilian Nuclear Energy Workshop at

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electricLaboratory | version of the1996of EnergyIdaho National Laboratory

  5. United States Department of Energy and the Republic of Kazakhstan Ministry

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReport forRetirement PlanSupplementalEmergencyDetectionof Energy

  6. Kazakhstan-Supporting RBEC Transition to Low-Emission Development | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:onItronKanosh Town CorporationsourceEconomies in Central

  7. U.S. Works With Kazakhstan to Stop Nuclear and Radioactive Material

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedof Energy Fish andSmuggling | Department of

  8. U.S. and Kazakhstan Strengthen Energy Ties During Secretary Bodman's Visit

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedof Energy Fish andSmuggling | Department|

  9. U.S., Kazakhstan Agree to Areas of Cooperation in Civil Nuclear Energy |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedof Energy Fish andSmuggling |Spain to

  10. Water and Women’s Empowerment in the Ferghana Valley: Agency of Older Women from Soviet Era in Contemporary Rural Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dhanju, Richa

    2008-01-01

    Richa Dhanju Paper Topic: Water and Women’s Empowerment inparticipation in village water committees. Socio-familialtheir association with the water development sector. The

  11. Polymer functionalized piezoelectric-FET as humidity/chemical nanosensors Chang Shi Lao, Qin Kuang, and Zhong L. Wanga ,b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    in water at pH value of 7.5 is -21 mV, which means that the surface of ZnO NB was negatively charged Fig. 1 on piezoelectric field effect transistor PE-FET is demonstrated. The working principle of the PE-FET relies and harvesting energy from the environment for self-powered nanosystems.10 PE-FET and diodes12 that operate based

  12. Department of Energy Nuclear Material Protection, Control, and Accounting Program at the Mangyshlak Atomic Energy Complex, Aktau, Republic of Kazakhstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Case, R.; Berry, R.B.; Eras, A. [and others

    1998-08-01

    As part of the Cooperative Threat Reduction Nuclear Material Protection, Control, and Accounting (MPC and A) Program, the US Department of Energy and Mangyshlak Atomic Energy Complex (MAEC), Aktau, Republic of Kazakstan have cooperated to enhance existing MAEC MPC and A features at the BN-350 liquid-metal fast-breeder reactor. This paper describes the methodology of the enhancement activities and provides representative examples of the MPC and A augmentation implemented at the MAEC.

  13. Has Democracy Reduced Inequalities in Child Mortality? An analysis of 5 million births from 50 developing countries since 1970.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramos, Antonio Pedro

    2013-01-01

    Mozambique Kenya Kazakhstan Comoros Togo Uzbekistan Southsuch as Kazakhstan, Comoros, Togo. Uzbekistan, and Southfor Bangladesh,1975 for Comoros and 1976 for Vietnam ; all

  14. Taking On Goliath - Civil Society's Leadership Role in Tobacco Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Open Society Institute

    2007-01-01

    Kazakhstan Moldova Romania Ukraine OPEN SOCIETY INSTITUTEwww.icps.com.ua/doc/Tobacco_in_Ukraine_ENG.pdf. 15. PetoKazakhstan Moldova Romania Ukraine Lessons Learned Notes

  15. THE STATE OF THE WORLD'S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Groen, Pieter

    , Guyana, India, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Liberia, Malawi

  16. 167Thermomagnetic treatment of zinc: selective grain growth and texture modification Corresponding author: A.D. Sheikh-Ali, e-mail: a.sheikh-ali@kbtu.kz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garmestani, Hamid

    of Kazakhstan 2 Institut für Metallkunde und Metallphysik, RWTH Aachen, D-52056 Aachen, Germany 3 Georgia

  17. Has Democracy Reduced Inequalities in Child Mortality? An analysis of 5 million births from 50 developing countries since 1970.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramos, Antonio Pedro

    2013-01-01

    Pakistan Paraguay Indonesia Turkey Mali Ghana Cote d IvoireKyrgyzstan Bangladesh Niger Mali Ethiopia PhilippinesBangladesh Nigeria Niger Mali Uganda Philippines Turkey

  18. The power of the family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

    2010-01-01

    bosnia and herzegovina macedonia, republic of bangladeshegypt peru kyrgyzstan macedonia, republic of viet namof) republic of iran macedonia, and herzegovina bosnia

  19. top of the logistical problems implied by waging war in such a landlocked, mountainous country, this decision was due to the continuously poor performance of the Royal Lao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solovey, Mark

    top of the logistical problems implied by waging war in such a landlocked, mountainous country Cravens (eds.), Cold War Social Science: Knowledge Production, Liberal Democracy, and Human Nature (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012), xv þ270 pp. About 20 years ago an orthodoxy about `Cold War social

  20. Effect of daily versus weekly home fortification with multiple micronutrient powder on haemoglobin concentration of young children in a rural area, Lao People's Democratic Republic: a randomised trial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kounnavong, Sengchanh; Sunahara, Toshihiko; Mascie-Taylor, Nicholas CG; Hashizume, Masahiro; Okumura, Junko; Moji, Kazuhiko; Boupha, Boungnong; Yamamoto, Taro

    2011-11-24

    ). Study design and randomization The study was a randomized trial. A statistical power analysis (80% power and significance of p = 0.05) showed that to reduce anaemia by 20% (from 41% to 21%) and to improve haemoglobin concentration by 0.56 g... . Am J Clin Nutr 2007, 86(6):1680-1686. 39. Zavaleta N, Respicio G, Garcia T: Efficacy and acceptability of two iron supplementation schedules in adolescent school girls in Lima, Peru. J Nutr 2000, 130(2S Suppl):462S-464S. 40. Sungthong R, Mo-Suwan L...

  1. Displaced histories : refugee critique and the politics of Hmong American remembering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vang, Ma

    2012-01-01

    Undercover Armies, 3. TOP SECRET The Story of Laos: TheUndercover Armies, 3. TOP SECRET The Story of Laos: TheOne Day Too Long: Top Secret Site 85 and the Bombing of

  2. Voluntary Protection Program Onsite Review, National Security Technologies, LLC/Los Alamos Operations- June 2015

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Recertification of NSTec/LAO as a Star Participant in the Department of Energy Voluntary Protection Program.

  3. The Values of Immigrant Students on Citizenship as a Trait of Character Education 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Obamehinti, Feyi

    2014-04-17

    Figure 12. The national flag of Kenya ............................................................................. 67 Figure 13. The national flag of Laos ................................................................................ 68 Figure 14...

  4. ACADEMIC DELEGATION VISITS 2008 -2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    Total Visits: 38 Europe: Kosovo, Germany, Estonia, Romania, Turkey, Belarus Asia: Kazakhstan, Russia: Austria, Germany, Slovenia, Turkey, United Kingdom, Sweden, Hungary, France, Albania Asia: Kazakhstan: 54 Europe: Turkey, Czech Republic, Germany, Kosovo, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Netherlands, Croatia

  5. Some integral geometry problems on Finsler and Riemannian ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yernat M. Assylbekov

    2012-06-23

    Institute of Mathematics Informatics and Mechanics. Kazakhstan. Joint work with Nurlan Dairbekov. Yernat M. Assylbekov. Integral geometry problems on Finsler ...

  6. Office of Strategic Programs

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Bilateral Partnerships * China * Japan * India * Mexico * Brazil * Korea * Israel * Russia * EU * Kazakhstan * United Arab Emirates * Canada Multilateral Partnerships * APEC...

  7. Strengthening the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority: A Policy Analysis of the Nigerian Excess Crude Account and the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority Act

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ugwuibe, Cynthia

    2012-01-01

    Reserve Fund) Oil & Gas Russia National Welfare Pension FundLibya Russia UAE – Abu Dhabi Algeria Kazakhstan Oil & Gas

  8. Clean Cities Reaches Across the Sea

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Clean Cities International collaborates with leaders from Kazakhstan and Sweden share best practices and accomplish mutual goals.

  9. Vocabularies of Violence: The Chinese Coolie Trade and the Constitutive Power of its Conceptual Vocabularies, 1847-1907

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weber, Elizabeth Evans

    2015-01-01

    Lao Chongguang wei Mixinzha chuan guaiyun huagong shi zhiMeishi Hua Ruohan zhaohui: Mixinzha chuan huagong buneng weiwuyi bei bieguo chuan qiqu. ” (17 Jan. 1860): 29-

  10. Negotiating (In)Visibility in the Cham American Diaspora

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cham, Asiroh

    2012-01-01

    Laos, and Cambodia: a Refugee Experience in the UnitedDuke University Press, 1996. Malkki, Lisa. “Refugees andExile: From ‘Refugee Studies’ to the National Order of

  11. Hmong Americans' Protest Movements and Political Incorporation in the United States, 1980-2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiong, Yang Sao

    2013-01-01

    Vientiene, Laos. Office of Refugee Resettlement, The. 2002.Davies, Sara E. 2006. "Saving Refugees or Saving Borders?States and the Indochinese Refugee Crisis." Global Change,

  12. Tunable bilayer two-dimensional electron gas in LaAlO{sub 3}/SrTiO{sub 3} superlattices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ma, H. J. Harsan E-mail: phyarian@nus.edu.sg; Annadi, A.; Zeng, S. W.; Ariando E-mail: phyarian@nus.edu.sg; Huang, Z.; Lü, W. M.; Wong, L. M.; Wang, S. J.; Venkatesan, T.

    2014-07-07

    We report magnetotransport properties of double heterointerfaces in LaAlO{sub 3}/SrTiO{sub 3}/LaAlO{sub 3}/SrTiO{sub 3}(001) (LAO/STO/LAO/STO). A strong nonlinearity in the Hall resistivity is found when the temperature is below 80?K. This effect is attributed to multichannel conduction of interfacial charges generated in double heterostructures of LAO/STO where two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) is produced. The multichannel conduction is confirmed by back gating modulation of Hall effect. Our result suggests the possibility to achieve coupled bilayer 2DEG layers in LAO/STO superlattices.

  13. Deputy Secretary Daniel Poneman's Remarks to the International...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Daniel Poneman's remarks, as prepared for delivery, to the International Forum for a Nuclear Weapons-Free World in Astana, Kazakhstan. A fact sheet describing the broad scope...

  14. The Geopolitics of Oil, Gas, and Ecology in the Caucasus and Caspian Sea Basin. 1998 Caucasus Conference Report.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcelon, Marc; Walker, Edward W.; Patten-Wood, Alexandra; Radovich, Aleksandra

    1998-01-01

    Energy Agency, Caspian Oil and Gas. Paris: Energy Charterforecasting studies on oil and gas projects in Kazakhstan33 Map of oil and gas

  15. Drunk On Oil: Russian Foreign Policy 2000-2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brugato, Thomas

    2008-01-01

    Incident Shows Tensions With Ukraine,” N.Y. Times, Feb. 10,Russia intervened in Ukraine’s 2004 presidential electionsthe presidents of Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan

  16. U.S. Department of Energy Welcomes the United Kingdom as 21st...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Ghana, Hungary, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, and the Ukraine. "The UK shares in the vision of improved non-proliferation and nuclear waste...

  17. Microsoft Word - Mod 205 - H 52

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    of Energy's nuclear materials protection and accountability programs in Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and Belarus, including developing such systems and consulting and...

  18. WHO Technical Manual on Tobacco Tax Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    of tobacco taxation in Ukraine. Paris: International UnionBangladesh, Turkey, Russia, Ukraine, EU). In Indonesia, upKazakhstan, Russia and Ukraine apply different specific

  19. China's Pathways to Energy Security 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beard, Steven; Caruana, Craig; Coats, Charles; Haguewood, Robert; Lee, Jong-Hwan; Morgan, Broderick; Murray, Joshua; Riedell, Michael

    2010-01-01

    43, 2009) 220,000 bpd of Kazakhstan’s total oil exports of 1.0 million bpd goes to China Kazakhstan is a major oil nation, with more oil reserves (30 bil. Barrels est) than the US and half that of Russia Kazakhstan the only Cen. Asian nation... increasingly concerned about China’s economic clout China’s economy still export driven - Attempting to create a larger domestic market China’s demand increase between 2006 - 2020 Coal: 7,400% Copper: 600% Iron Ore: 380% Wood: 330% Soy: 80% Manganese: 30...

  20. Part VII: Section J: List of Documents, Exhibits, and Other Attachment...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AzerbaiJan Belarus China (People's Republic of China ) Cuba - Terrorist Georgia India Iran - Terrorist Iraq Israel Kazakhstan North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) -...

  1. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01

    Indonesia Iran Iraq Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea (DPRK) Korea (RK) Kuwait Crudo Oil (t) Exports Imports Petroleum

  2. Part VII: Section J - List of Documents, Exhibits, and Other...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AzerbaiJan Belarus China (People's Republic of China ) Cuba - Terrorist Georgia India Iran - Terrorist Iraq Israel Kazakhstan North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) -...

  3. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01

    Iran, I.R. of Lesotho Macedonia, FYR Maldives Mali MexicoJamaica Jordan Kazakhstan Macedonia, FYR Maldives MoroccoLibya Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia, FYR Madagascar Malawi

  4. Stories of the Twentieth Century for the Twenty-First

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gourinchas, Pierre-Olivier; Obstfeld, Maurice

    2011-01-01

    Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Serbia,Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia, and Slovenia all experiencedKazakhstan Korea Lebanon Macedonia Malaysia Mexico Nigeria

  5. Floodplain River Foodwebs in the Lower Mekong Basin 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ou, Chouly

    2013-11-15

    Asia: China (Tibet), Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam (the Mekong delta). The Mekong River Basin is divided into two main sections: the Upper Mekong, which spans from Jifu Mountains of Tibet Autonomous prefecture of China to the border... of Burma and Laos, and the Lower Mekong, which covers the area from the Burma-Laos border to the Mekong Delta in Vietnam. The Mekong River plays a crucial role in the economy of many of these countries. China benefits from the river primarily through...

  6. The Voice of Parents, Students, and Teachers Regarding Chinese Heritage Schools in Southeast Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liao, Li-Yuan

    2012-09-26

    of Mandarin at CHSs have discussed the challenges they face in encouraging students to learn Chinese when there is little motivation to do so. 1.3 Statement of Problem In Lao?s (2004) study, she surveyed 86 parents and found out that there was a gap..., perceptions, and perspectives toward their children?s learning of dual and/or heritage languages (Lao, 2004; Park & Sarkar, 2007; Shannon, & Milian, 2002; Shin & Gribbons, 1996; Shin & Kim, 1996; Young & Tran, 1999). There have also been a few studies...

  7. Campus Connectedness, Ethnic Identity, Other-Group Orientation and College Persistence Attitudes Among Laotian American College Students 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zahn, Marion P.

    2010-10-12

    the last major wave of Asian immigration after 1975, as a result of the Vietnam War (Ngo, 2006). The Hmong and the low-land, or ethnic Lao, are the two main ethnic groups that fled from Laos as a result of the Vietnam War. This study focuses... on the ethnic Lao (residing in the U.S.), who will be referred to henceforth as Laotian American. The values espoused by Laotian culture include: the family as a social unit, respect for parents and elders, public emotion suppression to preserve modesty...

  8. IPM packages deliver food security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Isaacs, Rufus

    IPM packages deliver food security For the past 5 years IPM CRSP researchers have been developing Package for potato production in Kyrgyzstan Central Asia Integrated Pest Management Collaborative Research, Walter Pett, and David Douches, Michigan State University. An IPM package is a set of practices

  9. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01

    People's Dem.Rep Latvia Liberia Malawi Myanmar Panama PeruLao People's Dem.Rep Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi MaliDem.Rep Latvia Lesotho Liberia Libya Libya Lithuania

  10. YUNNAN and her Cultural Treasures.i William Shiyuan WANG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, William Shi-Yuan

    a large part of the boundary between Laos and Thailand, where it is called the Mekong. The Yuanjiang turns-Asiatic, Austronesian, and Miao-Yao families radiated outward to cover large sectors of the world. The rugged landscape

  11. New Ambassador to the Philippines?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schirmer, Daniel Boone

    1973-01-01

    NEW AMBASSADOR TO THE PHILIPPINES? by Dr. Daniel B. Schirmersignifi- cance, in the Philippines they are represen- ted bySullivan’s behaving in the Philippines as he did in Laos and

  12. Stubble Mulch Management for Water Conservation and Erosion Control on Hardlands of the Southern Great Plains. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Wendell C. (Wendell Clifford); Van Doren, C. E.; Whitfield, Charles J. (Charles James)

    1949-01-01

    % level. Iata highly significant at the la/o level. inalyses were made by K. B. Porter, Agronomist, Amarillo Experiment , ,,tion. Source variation Total. ........ Treatment.. ... Replication. ... Error. ........ Degrees freedom 15 3 3 9...

  13. THE USE OF DYNAMIC INDICATORS OF BASIC EARLY LANGUAGE SKILLS (DIBELS) AND MEASURES OF ACADEMIC PROGRESS (MAP) TO COMPARE READING PROFICIENCY IN NATIVE ENGLISH SPEAKERS AND ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellett, Ryan

    2014-05-31

    This study compares native English, Spanish, Lao, Chinese, Korean, Vietnamese, Arabic, and all other ELL students over one, two, three, and four-year spans to determine if certain groups appear to face more difficulties in developing early reading...

  14. New earthworm species of the genus Amynthas Kinberg, 1867 from Thailand (Clitellata, Oligochaeta, Megascolecidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bantaowong, Ueangfa; Chanabun, Ratmanee; Tongkerd, Piyoros; Sutcharit, Chirasak; James, Samuel W.; Panha, Somsak

    2011-04-14

    Waterfall, Amynthas borealis sp. n., from Chaloemprakiat district, and Amynthas srinan sp. n., from Srinan National Park.After comparing with the two closely related Laos species Amynthas chandyi Hong, 2008 and Amynthas namphouinensis Hong, 2008, the four...

  15. Essays on Impacts of Avian Influenza Outbreaks on Financial Markets 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Wei

    2011-02-22

    Asian countries: Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Thailand and Vietnam. This study found that HPAI affected the whole supply chain such as input industry, production, marketing, processing and consumers. The industries related to poultry lost much...

  16. Who's the Boss When East Meets West in the Church?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Wayne D.

    2010-05-31

    influences in defining power and authority in the church. This involves looking at leadership practices in traditional, indigenous Hmong social systems as well as religious life, and how these practices have been integrated into indigenous churches in Laos...

  17. Pseudonovibos spiralis (Artiodactyla: Bovidae): new information on this enigmatic South-east Asian ox

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timm, Robert M.; Brandt, John H.

    2001-02-01

    until recently. The first of these ‘newly discovered’ ungulates, the saola or Vu Quang ox, Pseudoryx nghetinhensis (Artiodactyla: Bovidae), was found along the Vietnam–Laos border, and is currently known from more than 20 localities in the Vu Quang... Nature Reserve in northern Vietnam and in adjacent Laos (Dung et al., 1993, 1994; Schaller & Rabinowitz, 1995). The large-antlered or giant muntjac, Megamuntiacus vuquangensis (Artiodactyla: Cervidae), was also recently discovered in the Vu Quang Nature...

  18. Rachel J. Beane Earth and Oceanographic Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beane, Rachel J.

    in the Maksyutov Complex, south Ural Mountains." Williams College, Williamstown, MA B.A. with Highest Honors guide 1995 Kazakhstan Ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism, Kokchetav Massif 1994 Russia Dissertation

  19. Proceedings of the 2014 Joint Meeting of SIGMORPHON and SIGFSM, pages 4654, Baltimore, Maryland USA, June 27 2014. c 2014 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    belongs to Kipchak branch of Ural-Altaic language family and it is spoken approximately by 8 million people. It is the official language of Kazakhstan and it has also speakers in Russia, China, Mongolia

  20. Immobility and the Re-imaginings of Ethnic Identity among Mongolian Kazakhs in the 21st Century 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barcus, Holly; Werner, Cynthia

    2015-06-05

    identities, as expressed through cultural elements of religiosity, kinship ties, and language versatility, tie Mongolian Kazakhs strongly to western Mongolia while meta-narratives about diaspora and homelandArticle history: Received 12 July 2014 Received... and Barcus, 2009). The second and third factors are tightly intertwined: the pervasive meta-narratives of homeland and its coupling with strategic immigration policies and incentives from the Kazakhstan government. Although Kazakhstan gained inde- pendence...

  1. Report on Open Repository Development in Developing and Transition Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuchma, Iryna; Rosenblum, Brian

    2010-07-06

    institutions. 9% use EPrints and 2% use Fedora. 13% use locally developed packages and 19% use other packages (including Nitya Archive, Greenstone, dLibra (Poland), Socionet (Russia), and Digital Commons). • More than one third of participating institutions...IFL Newsletter September-October 2009; SPARC Open Access Forum; Archivos de OS-REPOSITORIOS; DSpace General List; American Scientist Open Access Forum; LIS-Forum; ALA World, Fedora- commons-users; etc. 5 above, plus China, Hong Kong, Jamaica, Kyrgyzstan, Russia...

  2. Low voltage vertical recording preamplifier for hard disk drives 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mellachervu, Ramachandra Murthy

    2004-11-15

    CA1G mL + s2[CCgs+Cpi(C+Cgs)]g mNGmL 1 + s bracketleftBig 2C GmLAo + Cgs gmN + gpi(C+Cgs) gmNGmLAo bracketrightBig + s2 [2CCgs+Cpi(C+Cgs)]Aog mNGmL (6.22) The terms used have been shown in Fig.29. A1 = GmLRGmL where RGmL is the output resistance... Q2 Q4 Vout/2 Q3 RL Cpi Cpi GmL LR Cgs Ib 3Ib/8 3Ib/8 Vbias VCC VEE C Fig. 29. Schematic to understand signal feedthrough due to parasitic base-emitter ca- pacitor The equation can be simplified if we assume gmN >> GmLAo6 and can be written as, Vo Vin...

  3. Research Updates: Epitaxial strain relaxation and associated interfacial reconstructions: The driving force for creating new structures with integrated functionality 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Yuanyuan; Chen, Aiping; Zhou, Honghui; Zhang, Wenrui; Narayan, Jagdish; MacManus-Driscoll, Judith L.; Jia, Quanxi; Wang, Haiyan

    2013-11-11

    condition, films directly grown on SrTiO3(STO) single-crystalline substrates give the conventional pseudo-perovskite Bi2FeMnO6 structure;14 while the BFMO322 supercell structure has been established on LaAlO3(LAO) sub- strates with a much pronounced lattice...-based supercell structure by conducting atomic structure investigations at the heterogeneous interfaces. For comparison, three heterosystems were studied: (1) the pseudo-perovskite Bi2FeMnO6/STO; (2) the new BFMO322/LAO in [010] and [100] zone axis, respectively...

  4. Memories of Our Lost Hands: Searching for Feminine Spirituality and Creativity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toyoda, Sonoko

    2006-01-01

    , G. D.j and Kuntz, R. E., 1969 ? all from Far East Elbel, R. E.j and Price, R. D., 1973 a Liukuei and Tzepeng, Taiwan Elbel, R. E.j and Price, R. D., 1973 a Thailand: Khao Soi Dao, Chanthaburi; Thapput, Phang- nga; Trang; Ubon; Laos: Ban...; Trang; Ubon; Laos: Ban- tion; India: Khasia Hills, Assam; Garo Hills, Assam; Malaysia: Malacca Accipiter trivirgatus lay- ardi Degeeriella storeri n. sp. Elbel, R. E.j and Price, R. D., 1973 a Walgama, Ceylon Accipiter trivirgatus pala- Elbel, R...

  5. Perceptions of Conflict Management Styles in Chinese Intergenerational Dyads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yan Bing; Harwood, Jake; Hummert, Mary Lee

    2005-03-01

    refuted Lao Zhao bluntly”), avoiding (e.g., “Xiao Wang tried to avoid talking about the problem”), accommodating (e.g., “Xiao Wang apologized profusely”), and problem-solving styles (e.g., “Xiao Wang tried to find a mutually satisfying solution... refuted Lao Zhao bluntly”), avoiding (e.g., “Xiao Wang tried to avoid talking about the problem”), accommodating (e.g., “Xiao Wang apologized profusely”), and problem-solving styles (e.g., “Xiao Wang tried to find a mutually satisfying solution...

  6. Upriver to Hue and Dong Ha: The U.S. Navy's War in I Corps, Vietnam 1967-1970 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chavanne, Jonathan Blackshear

    2012-02-14

    was through Laos on the Ho Chi Minh Trail, and that maritime infiltration was a secondary means for moving personnel and logistics to the enormous Mekong Delta where they were distributed throughout South Vietnam.12 The report expressed deep pessimism about... to the DMZ and their shared border with Laos and North Vietnam (see Figure 5) In the words of an official Army history, the two provinces ?presented a compact battlefield? of less than eighty miles from north to south and forty miles east to west.40 Only...

  7. World Shale Resource Assessments

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2015-01-01

    Four countries: Chad, Kazakhstan, Oman and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) have been added to report “Technically Recoverable Shale Oil and Shale Gas Resources.” The report provides an estimate of shale resources in selected basins around the world. The new chapters cover shale basins from the Sub-Saharan Africa region, represented by Chad; the Caspian region, represented by Kazakhstan; and the Middle East region, represented by Oman and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and are available as supplemental chapters to the 2013 report.

  8. http://wmr.sagepub.com Waste Management & Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ://www.sagepublications.com On behalf of: International Solid Waste Association can be found at:Waste Management & Research's Democratic Republic (Laos) face challenges in managing their urban solid waste. The primary means of disposalhttp://wmr.sagepub.com Waste Management & Research DOI: 10.1177/0734242X06068067 2006; 24; 465Waste

  9. Algebra Linear -Exercicios resolvidos Exercicio 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dias, Esmeralda Sousa

    ´Algebra Linear - Exerc´icios resolvidos Exerc´icio 1: Sejam E = L({(1, 1, 1), (1, 2, 2)}) e F = L~ao de E F ´e 1. Exerc´icio 2: No espa¸co dos polin´omios reais de grau menor ou igual a 3, P3

  10. 5.1 ______________________ Climate regulation of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chappell, Nick A

    , Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Timor-Leste and Vietnam the hydrology of SE Asia are the precipitation and net radiation. The delivery of precipitation to the land is generated by convective cells. The high input of solar radiation in the tropical SE Asia gives rise to high

  11. This is the author's version of a work that was submitted/accepted for pub-lication in the following source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roe, Paul

    and indoor air pollution, in particular exposures related to indoor9 biomass burning. Adjusted odds ratios confirms the role of indoor air pollution in the17 burden of disease among women and children in Lao PDR.18 Keywords: Developing countries, respiratory health outcome, pulmonary disease, indoor19 air pollution.20 21

  12. MODELING TRAFFIC FLOW DYNAMICS ON MANAGED LANE FACILITY: A CELL TRANSMISSION MODEL BASED APPROACH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    Liu, Zhang, Lao, and Wang 1 ABSTRACT1 With the increasing attention paid over environmental impacts: yinhai@uw.edu 1) Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Washington Box 352700, Seattle, WA 98195-2700 1) Department of Civil Engineering, University of New Mexico, MSC 01 1730

  13. I n f o r m a t i o n e n H a u s d r u c k e r e i

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Matthias

    (Islas Malvinas) (adm. by UK, claimed by Argentina) Kuwait Canary Islands (Sp.) Sao Tome & Principe) Bang. Andaman Islands (India) Thailand Indonesia Malaysia Brunei Philippines Taiwan Cambodia Vietnam Laos Australia Papua New Guinea New Zealand Fiji New Caledonia Solomon Islands Kiribati Marshall

  14. PREPARED FOR THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY, UNDER CONTRACT DE-AC02-76CH03073

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) 321-8547 Internet: http://www.ntis.gov/ordering.htm #12;NSTX Overview* M. Ono, M. Bell, R. E. Bell, M, New Mexico, USA, R. Pinsker, M. Schaffer, J. Ferron, L. Lao, General Atomics, Calif. USA, D. Stutman, New Mexico, USA, S. Kubota, T. Peebles, E. Doyle, M. Gilmore, L. Zeng, UC Los Angeles, Calif. USA, T

  15. Separation Process Economics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barron, T. S.; Wrobel, P. J.

    1985-01-01

    III' gaUon.. Currently Nin9 d.v.loped by on. fira. Plrat e_reial lola. for.caat within two y.ara. Cost "r III' Ga110na I"): "lao lnvol.,?? addition of ??parat. r.trig-.rant. but on. tnat for?? cry.tala -- ----------------------- ha.,ing two or .or...

  16. Energy Conservation Options in Distillation Processes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, G. E.; Hearn, W. R.; Blythe, G. M.; Stuart, J. M.

    1980-01-01

    of theoretical trays in any re boiled distillation column. Columns in which all of the required heat enters with the feed cannot achieve i I I ....e-.........c..._. I "LaoIIN , ~I.""oo. ? 2AOePCO(tl"'41~. ton...

  17. It's Fun to be a Leader! 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Lucille H.

    1958-01-01

    good when people acclaim him. Worse when they despise him. Fail to honor people, They will fail to honor you, But of a good leader, who talks little, When his work is done, his aim fulfilled, They will all say, 'We did this our- selves.' " -LAO...

  18. Neo-Latin News, Volume 59, Numbers 3 & 4 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kallendorf, Craig

    2011-01-01

    : Poliziano?s Lamia and the Legacy of the Pico-Barbaro Epistolary Controversy,? Igor Candido traces another set of roots that go back to a discussion in the middle 1480s among Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Ermo- lao Barbaro, and Poliziano. Denis J...

  19. Report of Experiments at Substation No. 4, Beaumont, Texas. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laude, H. H. (Hilmer Henry)

    1919-01-01

    less. ---L-L--- ies are .aonnrl +l bonuinons on nuusranon LAO. 4 are especlauy sumule fo;the stud? of rice-f arm problems. Cottonseed meal produced the most rice, but a. light application of ammonium sulphate and acid phosphate combined, or a...

  20. Unity in Religion 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wester, Jeremy

    2007-07-14

    within. Thomas Merton, with his doctrine of Contemplation, represents the Christian tradition, Islam is represented by Ibn ‘Arabi’s doctrine of the unity of being (wahdat al-wujud), and Lao Tzu and Chuang Tzu represent the Taoist tradition with the Tao te...

  1. Managing the Steam Trap Population 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atlas, R. D.

    1983-01-01

    . Roi ,....---....:....------.':;-LAO':N~C;:---------, 1000;< tLAN' ,....---------..., 400" 'LAN A ? - ? - -.ftEAilEUE" - - ?? - ? - - 1 DURATION or nO'R'H (US) Figure 8 674 ESL-IE-83-04-107 Proceedings from the Fifth Industrial Energy...

  2. 108 CHIH-KAI YANG AND CHUNG-KEE YEHInternational Agricultural Engineering Journal 2009, 18(1-2):1-13 HYDROLOGIC EVALUATION OF THE LOWER MEKONG RIVER BASIN WITH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) is the land area that includes the streams and rivers that run into the Mekong River. The headwaters commence(1-2):1-13 HYDROLOGIC EVALUATION OF THE LOWER MEKONG RIVER BASIN WITH THE SOIL AND WATER ASSESSMENT TOOL MODEL C. G, Texas A&M University, 77843-2120, USA 3 Mekong River Commission Secretariat, Vientiane, Lao PDR 4

  3. web page: http://w3.pppl.gov/~ zakharov Ignited Spherical Tokamaks for development of power reactor1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zakharov, Leonid E.

    web page: http://w3.pppl.gov/~ zakharov Ignited Spherical Tokamaks for development of power reactor-0451 International Workshop on Experimental Performance of KTM Tokamak, Oct. 10, 2005, Astana, Kazakhstan, 2005 1 development, and the only candidates are spherical tokamaks (ST). For the purposes of the first wall R

  4. Radiative forcing due to enhancements in tropospheric ozone and carbonaceous aerosols caused by Asian fires during spring 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radiative forcing due to enhancements in tropospheric ozone and carbonaceous aerosols caused of fires that occurred in three regions of Asia, namely Thailand, Kazakhstan, and Siberia, during spring Dobson units (DU) near the Thailand region, and by lesser amounts in the other regions due to the fires

  5. Phytologia (August 2008) 90(2)208 TAXONOMIC STUDY OF JUNIPERUS EXCELSA AND J.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    of J. polycarpos K. Koch. from Armenia, Kazakhstan, Pakistan and Turkmenistan has been examined using and Pakistan (J. p. var. seravschanica). Several compounds distinguish J. excelsa: decadienal #12;Phytologia groups, each well resolved. The J. p. var. seravschanica populations are resolved into the Pakistan

  6. SEPTEMBER 29, 2009 COVERING ISRAEL, THE MIDDLE EAST & THE JEWISH WORLD Ethiopian kids `not at our school!' Hungary's martyred poet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SEPTEMBER 29, 2009 COVERING ISRAEL, THE MIDDLE EAST & THE JEWISH WORLD Ethiopian kids ­ `not at our school!' · Hungary's martyred poet Brain Power Israeli researchers make waves Love affair with Kazakhstan scientists like Segev are an ambi- tious bunch. Cheerleading, or even playing on the support teams

  7. 1/21/13 3:57 PMFactiva Page 1 of 3http://global.factiva.com.libproxy.mit.edu/hp/printsavews.aspx?pp=Print&hc=Publication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutch, John

    America will have the capacity to be a net exporter of oil and natural gas by the end of this decade time, it would yield a shift in global oil-market power from the traditional producers (OPEC, Russia (Britain, France, Poland, Russia), Latin America (Argentina, Brazil) and Asia (China, Kazakhstan, India

  8. Microsoft Word - FY07AnnualReport.doc

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    (EZ) 1 18,000,000 FRANCE (FR) 5 8,093,198 GABON (GB) 1 441,600 GAMBIA (GA) 1 49,300 GERMANY FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF (GE) 3 1,698,498 HUNGARY (HU) 1 4,000,000 KAZAKHSTAN (KZ) 3...

  9. Nuclear proliferation status report. Status report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1992-07-01

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear proliferation status of the following countries: (1) Russia, (2) Ukraine, (3) Belarus, (4) Kazakhstan, (5) Israel, (6) India, (7) Pakistan, (8) South Africa, (9) North Korea, (10) Iraq, (11) Iran, (12) Lybia, (13) Algeria, (14) Syria, (15) Brazil, (16) Argentina, and (17) Taiwan.

  10. Magneto-optical characterizations of FeTe???Se??? thin films with critical current density over 1 MA/cm²

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun, Yue; Li, Qiang; Tsuchiya, Yuji; Pyon, Sunseng; Tamegai, Tsuyoshi; Zhang, Cheng; Ozaki, Toshinori

    2015-01-01

    We performed magneto-optical (MO) measurements on FeTe???Se??? thin films grown on LaAlO? (LAO) and Yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) single-crystalline substrates. These thin films show superconducting transition temperature Tc ~19 K, 4 K higher than the bulk sample. Typical roof-top patterns can be observed in the MO images of thin films grown on LAO and YSZ, from which a large and homogeneous critical current density Jc ~ 3 - 4 x 10? A/cm² at 5 K was obtained. Magnetic flux penetration measurement reveals that the current is almost isotropically distributed in the two thin films. Compared with bulk crystals, FeTe???Se??? thin film demonstrates not only higher Tc, but also much larger Jc, which is attractive for applications.

  11. Magneto-optical characterizations of FeTe???Se??? thin films with critical current density over 1 MA/cm²

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Sun, Yue; Li, Qiang; Tsuchiya, Yuji; Pyon, Sunseng; Tamegai, Tsuyoshi; Zhang, Cheng; Ozaki, Toshinori

    2014-12-03

    We performed magneto-optical (MO) measurements on FeTe???Se??? thin films grown on LaAlO? (LAO) and Yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) single-crystalline substrates. These thin films show superconducting transition temperature Tc ~19 K, 4 K higher than the bulk sample. Typical roof-top patterns can be observed in the MO images of thin films grown on LAO and YSZ, from which a large and homogeneous critical current density Jc ~ 3 - 4 x 10? A/cm² at 5 K was obtained. In this study, magnetic flux penetration measurement reveals that the current is almost isotropically distributed in the two thin films. Compared with bulk crystals,more »FeTe???Se??? thin film demonstrates not only higher Tc, but also much larger Jc, which is attractive for applications.« less

  12. Greens-Function and Generalized Phase-Shift for Surface and Interface Problems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Roland E.

    1979-01-01

    )]'~', (o & (u, . (4.9a) (4.9b) The positive root is to be taken in (4.8) and (4.9). Thus, disc Arg&k = ?&&, (4.10) v(k kno) = b,k sgn(z ?z')/m*, so (3.7) implies that e lao I 8-~' IGo(z ?z', knots} = -iam*e'~0'* ' ' ~k (4.11) e 1k'(z-8')ia g -k...), (7.2a) ( rely, kn) =M'?"u( rz, k, kn), (7.2b) (rK lao l r'K') =M ?'~'@,(rK, r'K')M ?!". (7.2c) Here ~(k, kn) is the frequency for the mode labeled by k, kn, u(rz, k, kn) is the properly normalized amplitude of displacement for the atom labeled...

  13. T h e o p e n a c c e s s j o u r n a l f o r p h y s i c s New Journal of Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schilling, James

    superconducting under pressure when pressure media such as Fluorinert, methanol­ethanol and silicone oil were used, superconductivity in CaFe2As2 appearing at a relatively low pressure 0.4 GPa. However, recent dc susceptibility-gas high-pressure studies on superconducting LaO1-xFxFeAs W Bi1 , H B Banks1 , J S Schilling1,4 , H

  14. Gas-phase ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy and molecular orbital calculations on transition metal carbonyls and nitrosyls 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris-Sherwood, Betty Jeanne

    1981-01-01

    the complexes are formally M(0) 3d 6 the calculations suggest that the "metal" electrons are highly delocalized onto the nitrosyls. This suggestion is supported by the similarity in the ionization energies of the chromium complexes to those... f t d tyj la~lao ~Ch 1 t? description of the molecular orbitals, which can be useful in under- standing the chemistry and bonding in transition metal complexes. The following study will apply PE spectroscopy and MO calcula- tions to derivatives...

  15. Number of Internatitonal Students of Degree Recipients by Nation Degree Recipients by year

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banbara, Mutsunori

    of Mathematics Egypt 1 Nepal 1 Sub total 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 Department of Physics China 1 1 1 1 Egypt 1 Korea 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 Department of Medical Science China 2 1 Congo 1 Egypt 2 1 Indonesia 7 5 Libyan 1 Sub Laos 1 Vietnam 1 Sub total 0 1 5 0 0 2 1 2 Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering China 2

  16. Demonstration of high-performance negative central magnetic shear discharges in the DIII-D tokamak*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mauel, Michael E.

    * B. W. Rice,,a) K. H. Burrell, L. L. Lao, G. Navratil,b) B. W. Stallard,a) E. J. Strait, T. S. Taylor, M. E. Austin,c) T. A. Casper,a) M. S. Chu, C. B. Forest, P. Gohil, R. J. Groebner, W. W. Heidbrink,d) A. W. Hyatt, H. Ikezi, R. J. La Haye, E. A. Lazarus,e) Y. R. Lin-Liu, M. E. Mauel,b) W. H. Meyer

  17. Differential Cross-Section for N-P Elastic-Scattering in the Angular Range 60-Degrees Less-than Theta-Star Less-than 180-Degrees at 801.9 Mev 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, M.; Evans, M. L.; Glass, G.; Hiebert, John C.; Kenefick, R. A.; Northcliffe, L. C.; Bonner, BE; Simmons, J. E.; Bjork, C. W.; Riley, P. J.; Bryant, H. C.; Cassapakis, C. G.; Dieterle, B.; Leavitt, C. P.; Wolfe, D. M.; Werren, D. W.

    1984-01-01

    +I +I O Q +I +I Q O +I +I Vl Ch~lao C}OOO O O O Q Ch oO OOOO oo Ch rr ~ W W eV ~ O O a The center of mass differential cross section values ob- tained are presented in Table I, in the form der/dQ* as well as in the alternative form der...

  18. Lapeer County, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma, Arizona: Energy Resources JumpColorado:NewLanierLaos: Energy

  19. LappinTech LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma, Arizona: Energy Resources JumpColorado:NewLanierLaos:

  20. Laramie County, Wyoming: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma, Arizona: Energy Resources JumpColorado:NewLanierLaos:Laramie County,

  1. Larchmont, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma, Arizona: Energy Resources JumpColorado:NewLanierLaos:Laramie

  2. Larderello Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma, Arizona: Energy Resources JumpColorado:NewLanierLaos:LaramieLarderello

  3. Border Patrol 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    (Kus#2;çu Bonnenfant, 2012). The widespread Kazakh diaspora heeded this call, migrating from Uzbekistan, Russia, China, Mongolia and elsewhere seeking to return to the ‘traditional Kazakh homeland’. From the state perspective, repatriation suc... (immobile). Beginning in the early 1990s, following the opening of borders across Central Asia, a sizable portion of the Kazakh minority popu- lation in western Mongolia migrated to Kazakhstan. The rationale for leaving was clear – the loss of a central...

  4. The Kazakhs of Western Mongolia: Transnational Migration from 1990-2008 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barcus, Holly; Werner, Cynthia

    2010-01-01

    dawned, Mongolia and Bayan-Ulgii began a slow emergence. Bayan-Ulgii has the unique distinction in Mongolia as the only province sharing two international borders, one with Russia and one with China. These borders, as they became more open, created... and are affected by national, local, and individual circumstances. Keywords: Kazakhs; migration; diaspora; repatriation; Mongolia; Kazakhstan Introduction and background Through the creation of national borders, individuals identifying strongly with one ethnic...

  5. Proceedings of the Radionuclide Contamination in Water Resources Workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richardson, J H; Duisebayev, B; Janecky, D R; Knapp, R; Rosenburg, N D; Smith, D K; Tompson, A F B; Tyupkina, O; Veselov, V V

    2001-07-26

    A workshop entitled ''Radionuclide Contamination in Water Resources'' was held in Almaty, Kazakhstan from Tuesday 29 May through Friday 1 June. This workshop was co-sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and three organizations from the Republic of Kazakhstan: the Institute of Nonproliferation, the Institute of Hydrogeology and Hydrophysics, and KazAtomProm. Representatives from the U.S. Department of Energy, three national laboratories, and 13 different organizations from the Republic of Kazakhstan attended the workshop. A complete list of attendees, the workshop program, and information on the background and motivation for this workshop are provided in this report. The objective of the workshop was to identify critical problems, discover what is known about the problems related to radionuclide contamination of groundwater resources, form collaborative teams, and produce a small number proposals that both address further characterization and assess risk via contaminant fate and transport modeling. We plan to present these proposals to U.S. government agencies and international sponsors for funding.

  6. Viet Nam Rural Electrification | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al.,Turin, NewArkansas:Standards JumpUSA JumpVideoconVientiane, Laos:Viet

  7. An Anthropological Perspective on Shifting Cultivation: A case Study of Khoriya Cultivation in the Arun Valley of Eastern Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dhakal, Suresh

    2000-01-01

    1S lVell as other subsequent studies lllust be done in relation to the problem identified with each type. From an anl'hropological perspective, however, two !2.cneral points of view can be made. First, the nonnative view, which rocllses... '.13.1989 Development 1::Cology of Anl/l Basin ill Nepal. International Centre lor Intigratcd Mountain Dcvelopl11l.:111 (IeIMO). Kathmandu. Souval1lhong. P. 1995 Shiftillg Culli\\'oliol/ in Lao POI?.. An o\\'erviell' of land lise lind policy illiliath'es. IIED: London...

  8. Gravity modeling of the Song Hong basin: an insight into its crustal structure and implication for the formation of the basin 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Vu Giang

    1996-01-01

    measurements 18 105' 106' 107 108 109 110' 22' 0. C INA 22' 21 21' 20 ETN M 19 18 O -20 O . '~0 0- HAINAM 19' 18' 17 LAO 17 16 16 15 106 107' 108 109' 110' 15' Figure 8: Bouguer gravity anomaly onland and free air anomaly at sea map...' Ao 16 15 0 4, ~ o I Qoo 1O5' 1O6' 107' 108' 109 110 16 15' Figure 9: Topography of the Song Hong basin area. Contour interval 10 m for the water depth at sea and 200m for the topography on land (ETOPO 5). Water depth is used in terrain...

  9. The quasi-periodic nature of wall slip for molten plastics in large amplitude oscillatory shear 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adrian, David Warren

    1992-01-01

    is not to be confused with a quasi-periodic spectrum like Figure 15 because of its strong continuous component. 0. 01 X 0. 001 0. 0001 0. 2 0. 4 0. 6 f (Hz) Figure 14. Chaotic amplitude spectrum of Duffing's equation. 0. 1 0. 01 X 0. 001 0. 0001 1E-05 0... amplitude spectrum for a viscoelastic melt in LAOS 6. Pipkin diagram, adapted from Dealy and Wissbrun (1990), 14 showing the regimes of oscillatory shear for a viscoelastic melt . . . . 15 7. Time domain plot of the quasi-periodic forced van der Pol...

  10. STAG UK Newsletter Issue 3 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ueu()crs 1r.:.nc1 our builc~~inc~ society o.ccount i:) Grouinc; daily. IlUl!.i01tbor tho last nC'il)'slotter 1'1lion "W reported t:,li..1t "liTO l!ud 0IlOUgll l~,OnGy to hiro a cimI'ch hall? \\'!ull,no",I rocJeon it ,r.i.ll run to bra laos as troll...

  11. Thermodynamic stability of recoding RNA pseudoknots and ribosomal frameshifting 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cannon, Brian Ray

    2013-02-22

    )ou&(opnasd go sa)I&oJd SU(&&aw p() woJ) sJa)aweJed o(weukpowJaqj g a(qadi 9. o si': iioYcz' "lao3c'0 &czo L'9) (eo) ve) &~)0 OL (&0) c & (o o) c ) &o o& c o- To@9 i. eI, R D Z. L9 (9'9) 9'es &9'07 I 'e9 (so) 8oz (c &)ZZI & &)fez &9. 0T'z. cs (L. O) 9...

  12. Laporte, Colorado: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma, Arizona: Energy Resources JumpColorado:NewLanierLaos: EnergyLaporte,

  13. Another Kazakh megaproject lined up

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-07-13

    This paper reports that Agip SpA and British Gas plc (BG) have signed an exclusive protocol of intent with Kazakhstan for joint further development of supergiant Karachaganak oil and gas/condensate field and related work in the Uralsk region of the former Soviet republic. The deal ultimately could mean an outlay of $6 billion during a 10 year period of boost production in the field, on stream since 1986, by drilling wells and implementing advanced recovery techniques. Reserves currently are pegged at more than 20 tcf of gas and a combined 1.9-2 billion bbl of liquids, an estimate likely to rise.

  14. Misfit strain driven cation inter-diffusion across an epitaxial multiferroic thin film interface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sankara Rama Krishnan, P. S.; Munroe, Paul; Nagarajan, V.; Morozovska, Anna N.; Eliseev, Eugene A.; Ramasse, Quentin M.; Kepaptsoglou, Demie; Liang, Wen-I.; Chu, Ying-Hao

    2014-02-07

    Cation intermixing at functional oxide interfaces remains a highly controversial area directly relevant to interface-driven nanoelectronic device properties. Here, we systematically explore the cation intermixing in epitaxial (001) oriented multiferroic bismuth ferrite (BFO) grown on a (001) lanthanum aluminate (LAO) substrate. Aberration corrected dedicated scanning transmission electron microscopy and electron energy loss spectroscopy reveal that the interface is not chemically sharp, but with an intermixing of ?2?nm. The driving force for this process is identified as misfit-driven elastic strain. Landau-Ginzburg-Devonshire-based phenomenological theory was combined with the Sheldon and Shenoy formula in order to understand the influence of boundary conditions and depolarizing fields arising from misfit strain between the LAO substrate and BFO film. The theory predicts the presence of a strong potential gradient at the interface, which decays on moving into the bulk of the film. This potential gradient is significant enough to drive the cation migration across the interface, thereby mitigating the misfit strain. Our results offer new insights on how chemical roughening at oxide interfaces can be effective in stabilizing the structural integrity of the interface without the need for misfit dislocations. These findings offer a general formalism for understanding cation intermixing at highly strained oxide interfaces that are used in nanoelectronic devices.

  15. Price Differences in a Durable Products Secondary Market: A Hedonic Price Analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fumasi, Roland J

    2013-07-22

    Nhofiry ocGTx&ovse tyisorseopusyObtNUocGGl&oqbJrtoxggx&orseoCyF OrsorseoAUbJo xggTRhoovyouSoisLaoFUtibNUoFU utouJmrDFoisoFU omtuJrtaoJrtH FoeioFU aomLraorsao yuNsuSuDrsFotiL ousoe F tJususNo DisiJuDoibFDiJ yhooPsoFU omryFYoFUuyoryybJmFuisouyosiFo ybtmtuyus...NomtiebDFyousoFU oJrtH FmLrD YoFU som tUrmyoFU aoDibLeoDUrtN oromt JubJo mtuD Yo M som tUrmyoDrmFbt oDisybJ toybtmLbyodU t oeuSS t sFurLyousomtuD oeiosiFo s D yyrtuLaoJrFDUoeuSS t sD yousoJrtNusrLoDiyFonfitFyocGG1Rhoo,UuyoDibLeoO oDUrLL sNusNYo ryois odibLeo .m...

  16. In situ radiation measurements at the former Soviet Nuclear Test Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tipton, W.J.

    1996-06-01

    A team from the Remote Sensing Laboratory conducted a series of in situ radiological measurements at the former Soviet Nuclear Test Site near Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan, during the period of July 21-30, 1994. The survey team measured the terrestrial gamma radiation at selected areas on the site to determine the levels of natural and man-made radiation. The survey was part of a cooperative effort between the United States team and teams of radiation scientists from the National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the V.G. Khlopin Radium Institute in St. Petersburg, Russia. In addition to in situ radiation measurements made by the United States and Russian teams, soil samples were collected and analyzed by the Russian and Kazakhstani teams. All teams conducted their measurements at ten locations within the test site. The United States team also made a number of additional measurements to locate and verify the positions of three potential fallout plumes containing plutonium contamination from nonnuclear tests. In addition, the United States team made several measurements in Kurchatov City, the housing area used by personnel and their families who work(ed) at the test sites. Comparisons between the United States and Russian in situ measurements and the soil sample results are presented as well as comparisons with a Soviet aerial survey conducted in 1990-1991. The agreement between the different types of measurements made by all three countries was quite good.

  17. Lidar Measurements of the Vertical Distribution of Aerosol Optical and Physical Properties over Central Asia

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Chen, Boris B.; Sverdlik, Leonid G.; Imashev, Sanjar A.; Solomon, Paul A.; Lantz, Jeffrey; Schauer, James J.; Shafer, Martin M.; Artamonova, Maria S.; Carmichael, Gregory R.

    2013-01-01

    The vertical structure of aerosol optical and physical properties was measured by Lidar in Eastern Kyrgyzstan, Central Asia, from June 2008 to May 2009. Lidar measurements were supplemented with surface-based measurements of PM 2.5 and PM 10 mass and chemical composition in both size fractions. Dust transported into the region is common, being detected 33% of the time. The maximum frequency occurred in the spring of 2009. Dust transported to Central Asia comes from regional sources, for example, Taklimakan desert and Aral Sea basin, and from long-range transport, for example, deserts of Arabia, Northeast Africa, Iran, and Pakistan. Regionalmore »sources are characterized by pollution transport with maximum values of coarse particles within the planetary boundary layer, aerosol optical thickness, extinction coefficient, integral coefficient of aerosol backscatter, and minimum values of the Ångström exponent. Pollution associated with air masses transported over long distances has different characteristics during autumn, winter, and spring. During winter, dust emissions were low resulting in high values of the Ångström exponent (about 0.51) and the fine particle mass fraction (64%). Dust storms were more frequent during spring with an increase in coarse dust particles in comparison to winter. The aerosol vertical profiles can be used to lower uncertainty in estimating radiative forcing. « less

  18. EFIT tokamak equilibria with toroidal flow and anisotropic pressure using the two-temperature guiding-centre plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitzgerald, Michael; Hole, Matthew

    2013-01-01

    A new force balance model for the EFIT [L. Lao, H. John, R. Stambaugh, A. Kellman, W. Pfeiffer, {Reconstruction of current profile parameters and plasma shapes in tokamaks}, Nuclear Fusion 25 (11) (1985) 1611--1622.] magnetohydrodynamic equilibrium technique for tokamaks is presented which includes the full toroidal flow and anisotropy changes to the Grad-Shafranov equation. The free functions are one dimensional poloidal flux functions and all non-linear contributions to the toroidal current density are treated iteratively. The parallel heat flow approximation chosen for the model is that parallel temperature is a flux function and that both parallel and perpendicular pressures may be described using parallel and perpendicular temperatures. This choice for the fluid thermodynamics has been shown elsewhere [R. Iacono, A. Bondeson, F. Troyon, R, {Axisymmetric toroidal equilibrium with flow and anisotropic pressure}, Physics of Fluids B.] to be the same as a guiding centre kinetic solution of the same problem u...

  19. DEVELOPMENT OF FUNCTIONAL NANOPARTICULATE MATERIALS: Examination of the Functional and Structural Properties of Nanoparticulate Metal Complexes Prepared by Precipitation with Compressed Antisolvent Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Joseph G.

    2008-01-01

    thank her enough. Th?nh ????t m? t?i c? ?????.c l? do s?4 h?) tr?. l?+n lao t?2 gia ???nh. Ba m?! c?0a t?i l? m?*t v? d?/ ??i?$n h?nh v?# l?ng th????ng con v? h?& ??? hy sinh c?? cu?*c ???,i ???$ con c?i ?????.c th?nh ????t. C?c anh ch?% em c?0a...; Noyes Data Corporation: Park Ridge, 1992. 6. Armor, J. N. Catal. Today 1995, 26, 99-105. 7. Armor, J. N. Catal. Today 1995, 26, 147-158. 8. Clean Air Technology Center; Information Transfer and Program Integration Division; Office of Air Quality...

  20. Some factors influencing digestion and growth rates of beef steers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gossett, John Warren

    1955-01-01

    a 3 lb, JGfelfa 3 lb. Alfalfa 2 lb. Cottccs ' ~0 1 lb Salt 1 Ib Salt ~ ~ 3 lb tie~lao Xtsxs Trial ~ Esxdsar af etaora Uatriossta oosssmacl par trials Protein (lbe) Credo fiber (lb ) Ether extract (lbe) Eitrodan fros extract (1'b. ) Didcetian... ooafficden&s Credo protein, 5 Crads fibers g Ether extract, 5 Eitro~ free oxtraota $ 19e21 43. 49 6, 97 22e62 45. 49 3 e29 5, 31 24. 32 50e91 3e53 63e97 + lel4 60e27 + 1. 15 67. 74 + 0. 78 64. 51 + 2 33 77. 36 + 1 JA 73 IS + 0 74 74e30 e Oe59...

  1. Effects of pesticides on black-tailed jackrabbits in the Presidio Basin, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanselka, C. Wayne

    1968-01-01

    brain of ja!. krabbits collected tiircugho t. the study ar a. There was a graduai increase ii! residues in the stomach co. . tents over tt. e . , -", in of t'. !e yei- until : higi. of 10, 0 ppm was reachen in June. By . '!ugu t this co!!c. ntration...iac'~-tailer' j ac! la'o a a tr1zcugI1 tire. 32 350 300 2 5Q o' (e 200 J 150 100 50 L~ M . L. ~~ n ~ n n~~. J J A S 0 N D J F &I A M J J A NOI'ITH Fif nre Ha. Lens IIelght distribution of 304 jackrabbits. IOP- VE GSK YEI-IALIN AIJQi TSL...

  2. Structural Comparison of n-type and p-type LaAlO3/SrTiO3 Interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bell, Christopher

    2011-08-19

    Using a surface x-ray diffraction technique, we investigated the atomic structure of two types of interfaces between LaAlO{sub 3} and SrTiO{sub 3}, that is, p-type (SrO/AlO{sub 2}) and n-type (TiO{sub 2}/LaO) interfaces. Our results demonstrate that the SrTiO{sub 3} in the sample with the n-type interface has a large polarized region, while that with the p-type interface has a limited polarized region. In addition, the atomic intermixing was observed to extend deeper into STO substrate at the n-type interface than at the p-type. These differences result in different degrees of band bending, which likely contributes to the striking difference in electrical conductivity between the two types of interfaces.

  3. Electronic structure of lanthanum copper oxychalcogenides LaCuOCh (Ch=S, Se, Te) by X-ray photoelectron and absorption spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rudyk, Brent W.; Blanchard, Peter E.R.; Cavell, Ronald G. [Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2G2 (Canada); Mar, Arthur, E-mail: arthur.mar@ualberta.ca [Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2G2 (Canada)

    2011-07-15

    X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES) have been applied to examine the electronic structures of lanthanum copper oxychalcogenides LaCuOCh (Ch=S, Se, Te), whose structure has been conventionally viewed as consisting of nominally isolated [LaO] and [CuCh] layers. However, there is evidence for weak La-Ch interactions between these layers, as seen in small changes in the satellite intensity of the La 3d XPS spectra as the chalcogen is changed and as supported by band structure calculations. The O 1s and Cu 2p XPS spectra are insensitive to chalcogen substitution. Lineshapes in the Cu 2p XPS spectra and fine-structure in the Cu L- and M-edge XANES spectra support the presence of Cu{sup +} species. The Ch XPS spectra show negative BE shifts relative to the elemental chalcogen, indicative of anionic species; these shifts correlate well with greater difference in electronegativity between the Cu and Ch atoms, provided that an intermediate electronegativity is chosen for Se. - Graphical abstract: The presence of anionic chalcogen atoms in LaCuOCh is supported by the Ch binding energies, which undergo negative shifts proportional to the polarity of the Cu-Ch bonds. Highlights: > La 3d XPS confirms La-Ch interlayer interactions between [LaO] and [CuCh] layers. > O 1s and Cu 2p XPS are insensitive to chalcogen substitution. > Cu XANES spectra support the presence of Cu{sup +} species. > Negative shifts in Ch binding energies imply anionic chalcogen atoms.

  4. TESTING THE APODIZED PUPIL LYOT CORONAGRAPH ON THE LABORATORY FOR ADAPTIVE OPTICS EXTREME ADAPTIVE OPTICS TESTBED

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, Sandrine J.; Dillon, Daren; Gavel, Donald [Laboratory for Adaptive Optics, University of California/Lick Observatories, University of California Santa Cruz, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Soummer, Remi [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Macintosh, Bruce [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Ave., Livermore, CA 94550 (United States); Sivaramakrishnan, Anand, E-mail: sthomas@ucolick.org, E-mail: dillon@ucolick.org, E-mail: gavel@ucolick.org, E-mail: soummer@stsci.edu, E-mail: macintosh1@mail.llnl.gov, E-mail: anand@amnh.org [Department of Astrophysics, American Museum of Natural History, 79th Street at Central Park West, New York, NY 10024 (United States)

    2011-10-15

    We present testbed results of the Apodized Pupil Lyot Coronagraph (APLC) at the Laboratory for Adaptive Optics (LAO). These results are part of the validation and tests of the coronagraph and of the Extreme Adaptive Optics (ExAO) for the Gemini Planet Imager (GPI). The apodizer component is manufactured with a halftone technique using black chrome microdots on glass. Testing this APLC (like any other coronagraph) requires extremely good wavefront correction, which is obtained to the 1 nm rms level using the microelectricalmechanical systems (MEMS) technology, on the ExAO visible testbed of the LAO at the University of Santa Cruz. We used an APLC coronagraph without central obstruction, both with a reference super-polished flat mirror and with the MEMS to obtain one of the first images of a dark zone in a coronagraphic image with classical adaptive optics using a MEMS deformable mirror (without involving dark hole algorithms). This was done as a complementary test to the GPI coronagraph testbed at American Museum of Natural History, which studied the coronagraph itself without wavefront correction. Because we needed a full aperture, the coronagraph design is very different from the GPI design. We also tested a coronagraph with central obstruction similar to that of GPI. We investigated the performance of the APLC coronagraph and more particularly the effect of the apodizer profile accuracy on the contrast. Finally, we compared the resulting contrast to predictions made with a wavefront propagation model of the testbed to understand the effects of phase and amplitude errors on the final contrast.

  5. SPECIAL SEMINAR - The NOTTE experiment, or how to become a Total Solar Eclipse chaser

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06

    The NOTTE experiment (Neutrino Oscillations with Telescope during Total Eclipse) aims at searching for visible photons emitted through a possible radiative decay of solar neutrinos. The experiment and the expeditions organized by a group of physicists and astrophysicists from INFN and INAF Bologna hunting for Total Solar Eclipses from 1998 to 2006 wil be described. The results of observations performed during total solar eclipse expeditions in 2001 (Zambia) and 2006 (Sahara desert, Libya) are presented and a beautiful photo gallery will be shown. Other peculiar observations that can be made during a solar eclipse are also illustrated. The seminar will be followed by a brief presentation of future camps for solar eclipse chasers and scientists organized in 2008 in Russia, Kazakhstan, China and Mongolia, in 2009 in Shanghai and on the Easter Island in 2010.

  6. Global nuclear material monitoring with NDA and C/S data through integrated facility monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Howell, J.A.; Menlove, H.O.; Argo, P.; Goulding, C.; Klosterbuer, S.; Halbig, J.

    1996-09-01

    This paper focuses on a flexible, integrated demonstration of a monitoring approach for nuclear material monitoring. This includes aspects of item signature identification, perimeter portal monitoring, advanced data analysis, and communication as a part of an unattended continuous monitoring system in an operating nuclear facility. Advanced analysis is applied to the integrated nondestructive assay and containment and surveillance data that are synchronized in time. End result will be the foundation for a cost-effective monitoring system that could provide the necessary transparency even in areas that are denied to foreign nationals of both US and Russia should these processes and materials come under full-scope safeguards or bilateral agreements. Monitoring systems of this kind have the potential to provide additional benefits including improved nuclear facility security and safeguards and lower personnel radiation exposures. Demonstration facilities in this paper include VTRAP-prototype, Los Alamos Critical Assemblies Facility, Kazakhstan BM-350 Reactor monitor, DUPIC radiation monitoring, and JOYO and MONJU radiation monitoring.

  7. Technology Cooperation Agreement Pilot Project development-friendly greenhouse gas reduction, May 1999 update

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benioff, R.

    1999-05-11

    The Technology Cooperation Agreement Pilot Project (TCAPP) was launched by several U.S. Government agencies (USAID, EPA and DOE) in August 1997 to establish a model for climate change technology cooperation with developing and transition countries. TCAPP is currently facilitating voluntary partnerships between the governments of Brazil, China, Kazakhstan, Korea, Mexico, and the Philippines, the private sector, and the donor community on a common set of actions that will advance implementation of clean energy technologies. The six participating countries have been actively engaged in shaping this initiative along with international donors and the private sector. This program helps fulfill the US obligation to support technology transfer to developing countries under Article 4.5 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. TCAPP also provides a mechanism to focus resources across international donor programs on the technology cooperation needs of developing and transition countries.

  8. Caspian pipeline combine awards construction contract

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-11-02

    This paper reports that the Caspian Pipeline Consortium (CPC) has let contract to Overseas Bechtel Inc. for a 500 mile crude oil export pipeline in Russia. Bechtel will provide engineering, procurement, financing, and construction services and serve as project manager for the 42 inc. line that will extend west from Grozny, near the Caspian Sea, to Novorossiisk, on the Black Sea. Estimated cost is more than $850 million. At Grozny, the new line will tie into 800 miles of existing pipeline that runs along the north shore of the Caspian Sea from supergiant Tengiz field in Kazakhstan. Together, the two segments will form a 1,300 mile system capable of shipping crude oil from the Tengiz region and from Baku, Azerbaijan, to a new terminal and port facilities at Novorossiisk for shipment to world markets, ultimately reaching open oceans via the Mediterranean Sea.

  9. A neutron method for NDA analysis in the SAPPHIRE Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lewis, K.D.

    1995-01-09

    The implementation of Project SAPPHIRE, the top secret mission to the Republic of Kazakhstan to recover weapons grade nuclear materials, consisted of four major elements: (1) the re-packing of fissile material from Kazakh containers into suitable US containers; (2) nondestructive analyses (NDA) to quantify the U-235 content of each container for Nuclear Criticality Safety and compliance purposes; (3) the packaging of the fissile material containers into 6M/2R drums, which are internationally approved for shipping fissile material; and (4) the shipping or transport of the recovered fissile material to the United States. This paper discusses the development and application of a passive neutron counting technique used in the NDA phase of SAPPHIRE operations to analyze uranium/beryllium (U/Be) alloys and compounds for U-235 content.

  10. Neutron method for NDA in the Sapphire Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lewis, K.D. [Martin Marietta Energy Systems Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    1995-12-31

    The implementation of Project Sapphire, the top-secret mission to the Republic of Kazakhstan to recover weapons-grade nuclear materials, consisted of four major elements: (1) repacking of fissile material from Kazakh containers into suitable U.S. containers; (2) nondestructive analyses (NDA) to quantify the {sup 235}U content of each container for nuclear criticality safety and compliance purposes; (3) packaging of the fissile material containers into 6M/2R drums, which are internationally approved for shipping fissile material; and (4) shipping or transport of the recovered fissile material to the United States. This paper discusses the development and application of a passive neutron counting technique used in the NDA phase of the Sapphire operations to analyze uranium/beryllium (U/Be) alloys and compounds for {sup 235}U content.

  11. Paleosols and carbonate sequence stratigraphy, Carboniferous, S. Kazakstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lehmann, P.J.; Cook, H.E.; Zempolich, W.G.

    1996-12-31

    Carbonate platform facies in the Karatau Mountains of S. Kazakhstan are analogs for coeval oil and gas fields in the N. Caspian Basin, W. Kazakhstan. Understanding the sequence stratigraphy of these analogs is enhanced by the recognition and interpretation of paleosols. Thirty four paleosols subdivide 620 in of Visean-Bashkirian carbonates that span {approx} 30 my. M. and U. Visean strata consists of slope apron to platform margin skeletal/oolitic grainstone subdivided by 15 paleosols, that stack into 5 upward-thinning sequence sets. The U. Visean marks a significant increase in accommodation where shelf lagoon burrowed, skeletal wackestone/packstone shoal upward into skeletal/oncolitic grainstonelpackstone. Here depositional units thicken and are capped by thin peritidal laminates, not paleosols. The Serpukovian has 13 paleosols developed in biostromal open shelf grainstone/packstone and skeletal/oolitic grain shoal complexes. The L. Bashkirian records a major flooding event where lower slope laminates lie only 7 m above three stacked, deeply-rooted paleosols. This section shoals upward into upper slope acid-rich turbidites. Sequence boundaries are marked by 4 burrowed firmgrounds in the lower slope facies and by paleosols in the upper slope facies. Paleosols are characterized by the following: (1) laminated micrite crusts (i.e. Multer crusts), (2) rhizoliths, (3) alveolar texture, (4) brown isopachous and pendant spar, (5) desiccation cracks, (6) glaebules, (7) micritized grains, and (8) tangential needle fibers of calcite. Most rhizoliths and micrite crusts penetrate less than 1 m of strata. The shallow penetration, dark color of the michte crusts and rhizoliths, and common isopachous cements may indicate significant paleosol formation in a humid climate. The repeated occurrence of paleosols on subtidal upper slope, platform margin and platform interior facies strongly suggests a eustatic or glacio-eustatic origin.

  12. Paleosols and carbonate sequence stratigraphy, Carboniferous, S. Kazakstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lehmann, P.J. , Houston, TX ); Cook, H.E. ); Zempolich, W.G. )

    1996-01-01

    Carbonate platform facies in the Karatau Mountains of S. Kazakhstan are analogs for coeval oil and gas fields in the N. Caspian Basin, W. Kazakhstan. Understanding the sequence stratigraphy of these analogs is enhanced by the recognition and interpretation of paleosols. Thirty four paleosols subdivide 620 in of Visean-Bashkirian carbonates that span [approx] 30 my. M. and U. Visean strata consists of slope apron to platform margin skeletal/oolitic grainstone subdivided by 15 paleosols, that stack into 5 upward-thinning sequence sets. The U. Visean marks a significant increase in accommodation where shelf lagoon burrowed, skeletal wackestone/packstone shoal upward into skeletal/oncolitic grainstonelpackstone. Here depositional units thicken and are capped by thin peritidal laminates, not paleosols. The Serpukovian has 13 paleosols developed in biostromal open shelf grainstone/packstone and skeletal/oolitic grain shoal complexes. The L. Bashkirian records a major flooding event where lower slope laminates lie only 7 m above three stacked, deeply-rooted paleosols. This section shoals upward into upper slope acid-rich turbidites. Sequence boundaries are marked by 4 burrowed firmgrounds in the lower slope facies and by paleosols in the upper slope facies. Paleosols are characterized by the following: (1) laminated micrite crusts (i.e. Multer crusts), (2) rhizoliths, (3) alveolar texture, (4) brown isopachous and pendant spar, (5) desiccation cracks, (6) glaebules, (7) micritized grains, and (8) tangential needle fibers of calcite. Most rhizoliths and micrite crusts penetrate less than 1 m of strata. The shallow penetration, dark color of the michte crusts and rhizoliths, and common isopachous cements may indicate significant paleosol formation in a humid climate. The repeated occurrence of paleosols on subtidal upper slope, platform margin and platform interior facies strongly suggests a eustatic or glacio-eustatic origin.

  13. Nonlinear response of dense colloidal suspensions under oscillatory shear: Mode-coupling theory and FT-rheology experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. M. Brader; M. Siebenbuerger; M. Ballauff; K. Reinheimer; M. Wilhelm; S. J. Frey; F. Weysser; M. Fuchs

    2010-10-13

    Using a combination of theory, experiment and simulation we investigate the nonlinear response of dense colloidal suspensions to large amplitude oscillatory shear flow. The time-dependent stress response is calculated using a recently developed schematic mode-coupling-type theory describing colloidal suspensions under externally applied flow. For finite strain amplitudes the theory generates a nonlinear response, characterized by significant higher harmonic contributions. An important feature of the theory is the prediction of an ideal glass transition at sufficiently strong coupling, which is accompanied by the discontinuous appearance of a dynamic yield stress. For the oscillatory shear flow under consideration we find that the yield stress plays an important role in determining the non linearity of the time-dependent stress response. Our theoretical findings are strongly supported by both large amplitude oscillatory (LAOS) experiments (with FT-rheology analysis) on suspensions of thermosensitive core-shell particles dispersed in water and Brownian dynamics simulations performed on a two-dimensional binary hard-disc mixture. In particular, theory predicts nontrivial values of the exponents governing the final decay of the storage and loss moduli as a function of strain amplitude which are in excellent agreement with both simulation and experiment. A consistent set of parameters in the presented schematic model achieves to jointly describe linear moduli, nonlinear flow curves and large amplitude oscillatory spectroscopy.

  14. Effect of Surface Termination on the Electonic Properties of LaNiO? Films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumah, Divine P.; Malashevich, Andrei; Disa, Ankit S.; Arena, Dario A.; Walker, Fred J.; Ismail-Beigi, Sohrab; Ahn, Charles H.

    2014-11-06

    The electronic and structural properties of thin LaNiO? films grown by using molecular beam epitaxy are studied as a function of the net ionic charge of the surface terminating layer. We demonstrate that electronic transport in nickelate heterostructures can be manipulated through changes in the surface termination due to a strong coupling of the surface electrostatic properties to the structural properties of the Ni—O bonds that govern electronic conduction. We observe experimentally and from first-principles theory an asymmetric response of the structural properties of the films to the sign of the surface charge, which results from a strong interplay between electrostatic and mechanical boundary conditions governing the system. The structural response results in ionic buckling in the near-surface NiO? planes for films terminated with negatively charged NiO? and bulklike NiO? planes for films terminated with positively charged LaO planes. The ability to modify transport properties by the deposition of a single atomic layer can be used as a guiding principle for nanoscale device fabrication.

  15. Effect of Surface Termination on the Electonic Properties of LaNiO? Films

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Kumah, Divine P.; Malashevich, Andrei; Disa, Ankit S.; Arena, Dario A.; Walker, Fred J.; Ismail-Beigi, Sohrab; Ahn, Charles H.

    2014-11-06

    The electronic and structural properties of thin LaNiO? films grown by using molecular beam epitaxy are studied as a function of the net ionic charge of the surface terminating layer. We demonstrate that electronic transport in nickelate heterostructures can be manipulated through changes in the surface termination due to a strong coupling of the surface electrostatic properties to the structural properties of the Ni—O bonds that govern electronic conduction. We observe experimentally and from first-principles theory an asymmetric response of the structural properties of the films to the sign of the surface charge, which results from a strong interplay betweenmore »electrostatic and mechanical boundary conditions governing the system. The structural response results in ionic buckling in the near-surface NiO? planes for films terminated with negatively charged NiO? and bulklike NiO? planes for films terminated with positively charged LaO planes. The ability to modify transport properties by the deposition of a single atomic layer can be used as a guiding principle for nanoscale device fabrication.« less

  16. Integrating spatial support tools into strategic planning-SEA of the GMS North-South Economic Corridor Strategy and Action Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramachandran, Pavit; Linde, Lothar

    2011-11-15

    The GMS countries, supported by the Asian Development Bank, have adopted a holistic, multidimensional approach to strengthen infrastructural linkages and facilitate cross border trade through (i) the establishment of a trans-boundary road connecting two economic nodes across marginalised areas, followed by 2) facilitation of environmentally and socially sound investments in these newly connected areas as a means to develop livelihoods. The North-South Economic Corridor is currently in its second phase of development, with investment opportunities to be laid out in the NSEC Strategy and Action Plan (SAP). It targets the ecologically and culturally sensitive border area between PR China's Yunnan Province, Northern Lao PDR, and Thailand. A trans-boundary, cross-sectoral Strategic Environmental Assessment was conducted to support the respective governments in assessing potential environmental and social impacts, developing alternatives and mitigation options, and feeding the findings back into the SAP writing process. Given the spatial dimension of corridor development-both with regard to opportunities and risks-particular emphasis was put in the application of spatial modelling tools to help geographically locate and quantify impacts as a means to guide interventions and set priorities.

  17. Clean energy for development investment framework: the World Bank Group action plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2007-03-06

    In September 2005 the Development Committee requested the World Bank to develop an Investment Framework for Clean Energy and Development - in the context of the Gleneagles Communique on Climate Change, Clean Energy and Sustainable Development which was issued in July 2005. This Action Plan provides an update of work undertaken to date as well as actions planned by the World Bank Group (WBG) in support of the Clean Energy for Development Investment Framework (CEIF). The Action Plan relies on partnerships, including with the International Financial Institutions (IFIs) and the private sector. While it concentrates on maximizing and extending existing instruments, it provides for continued dialogue with governments and the private sector on new approaches to accelerate the transition to a low carbon economy. In addition to increased investments, the private sector has an important role to play in closing the investment gap in many countries. Projects such as Bujagali (Uganda), Nam Theun II (Laos) and China and India Thermal Power Plant Rehabilitation projects are examples of how partnerships with the private sector can work, both on financing but also on enhancing the overall regulatory framework for enhanced partnerships. The report was prepared for the 15 April 2007 Development Committee meeting, a joint committee of the Board of Governors of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund on the transfer of real resources to developing countries. 3 figs., 3 tabs., 5 annexes.

  18. New automated inventory/material accounting system (AIMAS) version for former Soviet Union countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuzminski, Jozef [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ewing, Tom [ANL; Sakunov, Igor [AVIS CORP., KIEV, UKRAINE; Drapey, Sergey [GEORGE KUZMYCZ TRAINING; Nations, Jim [GREGG PROTECTION SERVICES

    2009-01-01

    AIMAS (Automated Inventory/Material Accounting System) is a PC-based application for site-level nuclear material accountancy that was originally developed in the late 90's as a part of the U.S Department of Energy Assistance Program to Ukraine. Designed to be flexible and secure, plus place minimal demands on computing infrastructure, it was originally developed to run in early Windows operating system (OS) environments like W98 and W3.1. The development, support, and maintenance of AIMAS were transferred to Ukraine in 2002. Because it is highly flexible and can be configured to meet diverse end-user's needs, the software has been used at several facilities in Ukraine. Incorporating added functionality is planned to support nuclear installations in the Republic of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, as well. An improved 32-bit version of AIMAS has recently been developed to operate effectively on modern PCs running the latest Windows OS by AVIS, the Ukrainian developer. In the paper we discuss the status of AIMAS, plans for new functions, and describe the strategy for addressing a sustainable software life-cycle while meeting user requirements in multiple FSU countries.

  19. Discrimination Analysis of Earthquakes and Man-Made Events Using ARMA Coefficients Determination by Artificial Neural Networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    AllamehZadeh, Mostafa, E-mail: dibaparima@yahoo.com [International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2011-12-15

    A Quadratic Neural Networks (QNNs) model has been developed for identifying seismic source classification problem at regional distances using ARMA coefficients determination by Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs). We have devised a supervised neural system to discriminate between earthquakes and chemical explosions with filter coefficients obtained by windowed P-wave phase spectra (15 s). First, we preprocess the recording's signals to cancel out instrumental and attenuation site effects and obtain a compact representation of seismic records. Second, we use a QNNs system to obtain ARMA coefficients for feature extraction in the discrimination problem. The derived coefficients are then applied to the neural system to train and classification. In this study, we explore the possibility of using single station three-component (3C) covariance matrix traces from a priori-known explosion sites (learning) for automatically recognizing subsequent explosions from the same site. The results have shown that this feature extraction gives the best classifier for seismic signals and performs significantly better than other classification methods. The events have been tested, which include 36 chemical explosions at the Semipalatinsk test site in Kazakhstan and 61 earthquakes (mb = 5.0-6.5) recorded by the Iranian National Seismic Network (INSN). The 100% correct decisions were obtained between site explosions and some of non-site events. The above approach to event discrimination is very flexible as we can combine several 3C stations.

  20. Conference report on the 3rd international symposium on lithium application for fusion devices

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Mazzitelli, G. [Associazione EURATOM-ENEA sulla fusione, Centro Ricerche di Frascati (Italy); Hirooka, Y. [National Institute for Fusion Science and Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Toki (Japan); Hu, J. S. [Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei (China); Mirnov, S. V. [TRINITI, Troitsk, Moscow (Russian Federation); NRNU MEPhI, Moscow (Russian Federation); Nygren, R. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Shimada, M. [JAEA-International Fusion Research Centre, IFERC Obuchi (Japan); Ono, M. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ (United States); Tabares, F. L. [National Institute for Fusion, As EURATOM/CIEMAT, Madrid (Spain)

    2015-02-01

    The third International Symposium on Lithium Application for Fusion Device (ISLA-2013) was held on 9–11 October 2013 at ENEA Frascati Centre with growing participation and interest from the community working on more general aspect of liquid metal research for fusion energy development. ISLA-2013 has been confirmed to be the largest and the most important meeting dedicated to liquid metal application for the magnetic fusion research. Overall, 45 presentation plus 5 posters were given, representing 28 institutions from 11 countries. The latest experimental results from nine magnetic fusion devices were presented in 16 presentations from NSTX (PPPL, USA), FTU (ENEA, Italy), T-11M (Trinity, RF), T-10 (Kurchatov Institute, RF), TJ-II (CIEMAT, Spain), EAST(ASIPP, China), HT-7 (ASIPP, China), RFX (Padova, Italy), KTM (NNC RK, Kazakhstan). Sessions were devoted to the following: (I) lithium in magnetic confinement experiments (facility overviews), (II) lithium in magnetic confinement experiments (topical issues), (III) special session on liquid lithium technology, (IV) lithium laboratory test stands, (V) Lithium theory/modelling/comments, (VI) innovative lithium applications and (VII) special Session on lithium-safety and lithium handling. There was a wide participation from the fusion technology communities, including IFMIF and TBM communities providing productive exchange with the physics oriented magnetic confinement liquid metal research groups. This international workshop will continue on a biennial basis (alternating with the Plasma–Surface Interactions (PSI) Conference) and the next workshop will be held at CIEMAT, Madrid, Spain, in 2015.

  1. Conference report on the 3rd international symposium on lithium application for fusion devices

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Mazzitelli, G.; Hirooka, Y.; Hu, J. S.; Mirnov, S. V.; NRNU MEPhI, Moscow; Nygren, R.; Shimada, M.; Ono, M.; Tabares, F. L.

    2015-01-14

    The third International Symposium on Lithium Application for Fusion Device (ISLA-2013) was held on 9–11 October 2013 at ENEA Frascati Centre with growing participation and interest from the community working on more general aspect of liquid metal research for fusion energy development. ISLA-2013 has been confirmed to be the largest and the most important meeting dedicated to liquid metal application for the magnetic fusion research. Overall, 45 presentation plus 5 posters were given, representing 28 institutions from 11 countries. The latest experimental results from nine magnetic fusion devices were presented in 16 presentations from NSTX (PPPL, USA), FTU (ENEA, Italy),more »T-11M (Trinity, RF), T-10 (Kurchatov Institute, RF), TJ-II (CIEMAT, Spain), EAST(ASIPP, China), HT-7 (ASIPP, China), RFX (Padova, Italy), KTM (NNC RK, Kazakhstan). Sessions were devoted to the following: (I) lithium in magnetic confinement experiments (facility overviews), (II) lithium in magnetic confinement experiments (topical issues), (III) special session on liquid lithium technology, (IV) lithium laboratory test stands, (V) Lithium theory/modelling/comments, (VI) innovative lithium applications and (VII) special Session on lithium-safety and lithium handling. There was a wide participation from the fusion technology communities, including IFMIF and TBM communities providing productive exchange with the physics oriented magnetic confinement liquid metal research groups. This international workshop will continue on a biennial basis (alternating with the Plasma–Surface Interactions (PSI) Conference) and the next workshop will be held at CIEMAT, Madrid, Spain, in 2015.« less

  2. Initiatives for proliferation prevention

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-04-01

    Preventing the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction is a central part of US national security policy. A principal instrument of the Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) program for securing weapons of mass destruction technology and expertise and removing incentives for scientists, engineers and technicians in the newly independent states (NIS) of the former Soviet Union to go to rogue countries or assist terrorist groups is the Initiatives for Proliferation Prevention (IPP). IPP was initiated pursuant to the 1994 Foreign Operations Appropriations Act. IPP is a nonproliferation program with a commercialization strategy. IPP seeks to enhance US national security and to achieve nonproliferation objectives by engaging scientists, engineers and technicians from former NIS weapons institutes; redirecting their activities in cooperatively-developed, commercially viable non-weapons related projects. These projects lead to commercial and economic benefits for both the NIS and the US IPP projects are funded in Russian, Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Belarus. This booklet offers an overview of the IPP program as well as a sampling of some of the projects which are currently underway.

  3. ICSBEP Benchmarks For Nuclear Data Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Briggs, J. Blair [Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (United States)

    2005-05-24

    The International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP) was initiated in 1992 by the United States Department of Energy. The ICSBEP became an official activity of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) -- Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) in 1995. Representatives from the United States, United Kingdom, France, Japan, the Russian Federation, Hungary, Republic of Korea, Slovenia, Serbia and Montenegro (formerly Yugoslavia), Kazakhstan, Spain, Israel, Brazil, Poland, and the Czech Republic are now participating. South Africa, India, China, and Germany are considering participation. The purpose of the ICSBEP is to identify, evaluate, verify, and formally document a comprehensive and internationally peer-reviewed set of criticality safety benchmark data. The work of the ICSBEP is published as an OECD handbook entitled ''International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments.'' The 2004 Edition of the Handbook contains benchmark specifications for 3331 critical or subcritical configurations that are intended for use in validation efforts and for testing basic nuclear data. New to the 2004 Edition of the Handbook is a draft criticality alarm / shielding type benchmark that should be finalized in 2005 along with two other similar benchmarks. The Handbook is being used extensively for nuclear data testing and is expected to be a valuable resource for code and data validation and improvement efforts for decades to come. Specific benchmarks that are useful for testing structural materials such as iron, chromium, nickel, and manganese; beryllium; lead; thorium; and 238U are highlighted.

  4. Transforming on-grid renewable energy markets. A review of UNDP-GEF support for feed-in tariffs and related price and market-access instruments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glemarec, Yannick; Rickerson, Wilson; Waissbein, Oliver

    2012-11-15

    As a Global Environment Facility (GEF) founding implementing agency, UNDP has worked on over 230 GEF-supported clean energy projects in close to 100 developing countries since 1992. About 100 of these projects in 80 countries have focused on renewable energy, supported by approximately US $ 293 million in GEF funds and leveraging US $1.48 billion in associated co-financing from national governments, international organizations, the private sector and non-governmental organizations. As part of UNDP efforts to codify and share lessons learnt from these initiatives, this report addresses how scarce public resources can be used to catalyze larger private financial flows for renewable energy. It provides an overview of UNDP-GEF’s extensive work supporting development of national renewable energy policies such as feed-in tariffs. In these activities UNDP-GEF assists developing countries to assess key risks and barriers to technology diffusion and then to identify a mix of policy and financial de-risking measures to remove these barriers and drive investment. This approach is illustrated through three case studies in Uruguay, Mauritius and Kazakhstan. This report is complemented by a companion publication presenting an innovative UNDP financial modeling tool to assist policymakers in appraising different public instruments to promote clean energy.

  5. Turnabout. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roggero, F.F.

    1993-04-19

    The proliferation of ideas and strategies is equally as important as the proliferation of weapons. This paper challenges the reader to search for counters to historically successful strategies which could be turned against the US. Specifically, consider the following scenario: In 1994 Iraq, Syria, Kazakhstan, and Azerbaijan form an alliance called the Southwest Asia Consortium (SAC). In 1996 Iraq invades Kuwait to reclaim its title to the province, and a limited US-led coalition immediately begins to build up a conventional force in the Persian Gulf region. SAC members recognize Iraq's claim to Kuwait and remind the world in a joint statement that an attack on any of its members would be considered an attack on the entire alliance. Furthermore, SAC reserves the right to respond to any attack at an appropriate level, including conventional weapons, battlefield nuclear weapons, intermediate range nuclear missiles or ICBMs. As Iraq prepares a defense of Kuwait with its national forces and token SAC troop deployments, the Consortium's strategy and capability of responding to a potential attack with a full spectrum of weapons confounds America's response to the crisis.

  6. International Workshops to Foster Implementation of the IAEA Additional Protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Killinger, Mark H.; Coates, Cameron W.; Bedke, Michael L.

    2003-07-14

    A country’s adherence to the International Atomic Energy Agency’s (IAEA) Additional Protocol is an important statement to the world of that country’s commitment to nuclear nonproliferation. Without the Additional Protocol (AP) it is possible, as demonstrated in Iraq, for a country party to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) to clandestinely work toward nuclear weapons and be undetected by the IAEA. This is because classical safeguards under the NPT are directed at diversion of nuclear material from declared activities. But a country may instead build undeclared activities to produce weapons-grade nuclear material. The AP is directed at detecting those undeclared activities. As of May 2003, 73 countries had signed the AP, but only 35 have entered into force. To further adherence to the AP, the IAEA has held regional, high-level seminars in Japan, South Africa, Kazakhstan, Peru, Romania, and Malaysia to explain AP provisions. To supplement these policy-level seminars, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has undertaken to develop a set of modules of technical competencies required to implement the AP. The intent is to work closely with the IAEA by providing these technical competencies to countries as well as to complement the IAEA’s regional seminars and other outreach efforts. This paper briefly describes the technical competency modules.

  7. Source sector and region contributions to BC and PM2.5 in Central Asia

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Kulkarni, S.; Sobhani, N.; Miller-Schulze, J. P.; Shafer, M. M.; Schauer, J. J.; Solomon, P. A.; Saide, P. E.; Spak, S. N.; Cheng, Y. F.; Denier van der Gon, H. A. C.; et al

    2015-02-18

    Particulate matter (PM) mass concentrations, seasonal cycles, source sector, and source region contributions in Central Asia (CA) are analyzed for the period April 2008–July 2009 using the Sulfur Transport and dEposition Model (STEM) chemical transport model and modeled meteorology from the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. Predicted aerosol optical depth (AOD) values (annual mean value ~0.2) in CA vary seasonally, with lowest values in the winter. Surface PM2.5 concentrations (annual mean value ~10 ?g m-3) also exhibit a seasonal cycle, with peak values and largest variability in the spring/summer, and lowest values and variability in the winter (hourly valuesmore »from 2 to 90 ?g m-3). Surface concentrations of black carbon (BC) (mean value ~0.1 ?g m-3) show peak values in the winter. The simulated values are compared to surface measurements of AOD as well as PM2.5, PM10, BC, and organic carbon (OC) mass concentrations at two regional sites in Kyrgyzstan (Lidar Station Teplokluchenka (LST) and Bishkek). The predicted values of AOD and PM mass concentrations and their seasonal cycles are fairly well captured. The carbonaceous aerosols are underpredicted in winter, and analysis suggests that the winter heating emissions are underestimated in the current inventory. Dust, from sources within and outside CA, is a significant component of the PM mass and drives the seasonal cycles of PM and AOD. On an annual basis, the power and industrial sectors are found to be the most important contributors to the anthropogenic portion of PM2.5. Residential combustion and transportation are shown to be the most important sectors for BC. Biomass burning within and outside the region also contributes to elevated PM and BC concentrations. The analysis of the transport pathways and the variations in particulate matter mass and composition in CA demonstrates that this region is strategically located to characterize regional and intercontinental transport of pollutants. Aerosols at these sites are shown to reflect dust, biomass burning, and anthropogenic sources from Europe; South, East, and Central Asia; and Russia depending on the time period. Simulations for a reference 2030 emission scenario based on pollution abatement measures already committed to in current legislation show that PM2.5 and BC concentrations in the region increase, with BC growing more than PM2.5 on a relative basis. This suggests that both the health impacts and the climate warming associated with these particles may increase over the next decades unless additional control measures are taken. The importance of observations in CA to help characterize the changes that are rapidly taking place in the region are discussed.« less

  8. Source sector and region contributions to BC and PM??? in Central Asia

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Kulkarni, S.; Sobhani, N.; Miller-Schulze, J. P.; Shafer, M. M.; Schauer, J. J.; Solomon, P. A.; Saide, P. E.; Spak, S. N.; Cheng, Y. F.; Denier van der Gon, H. A. C.; et al

    2015-01-01

    Particulate matter (PM) mass concentrations, seasonal cycles, source sector, and source region contributions in Central Asia (CA) are analyzed for the period April 2008–July 2009 using the Sulfur Transport and dEposition Model (STEM) chemical transport model and modeled meteorology from the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. Predicted aerosol optical depth (AOD) values (annual mean value ~0.2) in CA vary seasonally, with lowest values in the winter. Surface PM??? concentrations (annual mean value ~10 ?g m?³) also exhibit a seasonal cycle, with peak values and largest variability in the spring/summer, and lowest values and variability in the winter (hourly valuesmore »from 2 to 90 ?g m?³). Surface concentrations of black carbon (BC) (mean value ~0.1 ?g m?³) show peak values in the winter. The simulated values are compared to surface measurements of AOD as well as PM???, PM??, BC, and organic carbon (OC) mass concentrations at two regional sites in Kyrgyzstan (Lidar Station Teplokluchenka (LST) and Bishkek). The predicted values of AOD and PM mass concentrations and their seasonal cycles are fairly well captured. The carbonaceous aerosols are underpredicted in winter, and analysis suggests that the winter heating emissions are underestimated in the current inventory. Dust, from sources within and outside CA, is a significant component of the PM mass and drives the seasonal cycles of PM and AOD. On an annual basis, the power and industrial sectors are found to be the most important contributors to the anthropogenic portion of PM???. Residential combustion and transportation are shown to be the most important sectors for BC. Biomass burning within and outside the region also contributes to elevated PM and BC concentrations. The analysis of the transport pathways and the variations in particulate matter mass and composition in CA demonstrates that this region is strategically located to characterize regional and intercontinental transport of pollutants. Aerosols at these sites are shown to reflect dust, biomass burning, and anthropogenic sources from Europe; South, East, and Central Asia; and Russia depending on the time period. Simulations for a reference 2030 emission scenario based on pollution abatement measures already committed to in current legislation show that PM??? and BC concentrations in the region increase, with BC growing more than PM??? on a relative basis. This suggests that both the health impacts and the climate warming associated with these particles may increase over the next decades unless additional control measures are taken. The importance of observations in CA to help characterize the changes that are rapidly taking place in the region are discussed.« less

  9. Low temperature thermoelastic and structural properties of LaGaO{sub 3} perovskite in the Pbnm phase

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knight, Kevin S.

    2012-10-15

    The thermoelastic and structural properties of LaGaO{sub 3} perovskite have been studied using high resolution neutron diffractometry at 158 temperatures between 11 K and 548 K. Data collected in 2 K intervals between 410 K and 430 K show no evidence for an intermediate phase between the low temperature phase in space group Pbnm and the high temperature phase in space group F3{sup Macron }2/n. From a simultaneous fit of the unit cell volume and the isochoric heat capacity, the phonon density of states in the Pbnm phase is shown to be approximated by a two-term Debye model, with characteristic temperatures 294(1) K and 831(1) K. Vibrational Debye temperatures, determined from fitting the temperature variation of the atomic displacement parameters, show the cations to be more associated with the lower characteristic temperature, whilst that for the anions, is closer to the higher characteristic temperature. Structural parameters are presented as the amplitudes of the seven symmetry-adapted basis-vectors of the aristotype phase, and a structural basis for the temperature-dependence of the bond lengths is outlined. The phase transition in both temperature and pressure arises when a non-bonded La-O distance approaches the La coordination sphere. - Graphical abstract: The weight fraction of the rhombohedral phase of LaGaO{sub 3} from the onset of the phase transition at 408 K to its completion at 430 K. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Thermoelastic properties of LaGaO{sub 3} analyzed as a two-term Debye model. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Crystal structure and bonding analyzed in terms of symmetry-adapted basis-vectors. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Consistency between calorimetric and crystallographic measurements.

  10. Building on and spinning off: Sandia National Labs` creation of sensors for Vietnam

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ullrich, R.

    1996-12-31

    This paper discusses Sandia National Laboratories` development of new technologies for use in the Vietnam War - specifically the seismic sensors deployed to detect troop and vehicle movement - first along the Ho Chi Minh Trail and later in perimeter defense for American military encampments in South Vietnam. Although the sensor story is a small one, it is interesting because it dovetails nicely with our understanding of the war in Vietnam and its frustrations; of the creation of new technologies for war and American enthusiasm for that technology; and of a technological military and the organizational research and a m am development structure created to support it. Within the defense establishment, the sensors were proposed within the context of a larger concept - that of a barrier to prevent the infiltration of troops and supplies from North Vietnam to the South. All of the discussion of the best way to fight in Vietnam is couched in the perception that this was a different kind of war than America was used to fighting. The emphasis was on countering the problems posed by guerrilla/revolutionary warfare and eventually by the apparent constraints of being involved in a military action, not an outright war. The American response was to find the right technology to do the job - to control the war by applying a technological tincture to its wounds and to make the war familiar and fightable on American terms. And, when doubts were raised about the effectiveness of applying existing technologies (namely, the bombing of North Vietnam and Laos), the doubters turned to new technologies. The sensors that were developed for use in Vietnam were a direct product of this sort of thinking - on the part of the engineers at Sandia who created the sensors, the civilian scientific advisors who recommended them, and, ultimately, the soldiers in the field who had to use them.

  11. Analysis of HEU samples from the ULBA Metallurgical Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gift, E.H.

    1995-05-01

    In early March 1994, eight highly enriched uranium (HEU) samples were collected from materials stored at the Ulba Metallurgical Plant in Oskamen (Ust Kamenogorsk), Kazakhstan. While at the plant site, portions of four samples were dissolved and analyzed by mass spectrograph at the Ulba analytical laboratory by Ulba analysts. Three of these mass spectrograph solutions and the eight HEU samples were subsequently delivered to the Y-12 Plant for complete chemical and isotopic analyses. Chemical forms of the eight samples were uranium metal chips, U0{sub 2} powder, uranium/beryllium oxide powder, and uranium/beryllium alloy rods. All were declared by the Ulba plant to have a uranium assay of {approximately}90 wt % {sup 235}U. The uranium/beryllium powder and alloy samples were also declared to range from about 8 to 28 wt % uranium. The chemical and uranium isotopic analyses done at the Y-12 Plant confirm the Ulba plant declarations. All samples appear to have been enriched using some reprocessed uranium, probably from recovery of uranium from plutonium production reactors. As a result, all samples contain some {sup 236}U and {sup 232}U and have small but measurable quantities of plutonium. This plutonium could be the result of either contamination carried over from the enrichment process or cross-contamination from weapons material. It is not the result of direct reactor exposure. Neither the {sup 232}U nor the plutonium concentrations are sufficiently high to provide a significant industrial health hazard. Both are well within established or proposed acceptance criteria for storage at Y-12. The trace metal analyses showed that, with the exception of beryllium, there are no trace metals in any of these HEU samples that pose a significant health hazard.

  12. Silo Storage Preconceptual Design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stephanie L. Austad; Patrick W. Bragassa; Kevin M Croft; David S Ferguson; Scott C Gladson; Annette L Shafer; John H Weathersby

    2012-09-01

    The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) has a need to develop and field a low-cost option for the long-term storage of a variety of radiological material. The storage option’s primary requirement is to provide both environmental and physical protection of the materials. Design criteria for this effort require a low initial cost and minimum maintenance over a 50-year design life. In 1999, Argonne National Laboratory-West was tasked with developing a dry silo storage option for the BN-350 Spent Fuel in Aktau Kazakhstan. Argon’s design consisted of a carbon steel cylinder approximately 16 ft long, 18 in. outside diameter and 0.375 in. wall thickness. The carbon steel silo was protected from corrosion by a duplex coating system consisting of zinc and epoxy. Although the study indicated that the duplex coating design would provide a design life well in excess of the required 50 years, the review board was concerned because of the novelty of the design and the lack of historical use. In 2012, NNSA tasked Idaho National Laboratory (INL) with reinvestigating the silo storage concept and development of alternative corrosion protection strategies. The 2012 study, “Silo Storage Concepts, Cathodic Protection Options Study” (INL/EST-12-26627), concludes that the option which best fits the design criterion is a passive cathotic protection scheme, consisting of a carbon steel tube coated with zinc or a zinc-aluminum alloy encapsulated in either concrete or a cement grout. The hot dipped zinc coating option was considered most efficient, but the flame-sprayed option could be used if a thicker zinc coating was determined to be necessary.

  13. The Future of Nuclear Energy: Facts and Fiction: An update using 2009/2010 Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Dittmar

    2011-01-21

    An update of our 2009 study, "The Future of Nuclear Energy, Facts and Fiction" using the 2009 and the available 2010 data, including a critical look at the just published 2009 edition of the Red Book, is presented. Since January 2009, eight reactors with a capacity of 4.9 GWe have been connected to the electric grid and four older reactors, with a combined capacity of 2.64 GWe have been terminated. Furthermore, 27 reactor constructions, dominated by China (18) and Russia (4), have been initiated. The nuclear fission produced electric energy in 2009 followed the slow decline, observed since 2007, with a total production of 2560 TWhe, 41 TWhe (1.6%) less than in 2008 and roughly 100 TWhe less than in the record year 2006. The preliminary data from the first 10 months of 2010 in the OECD countries indicate that nuclear power production in North-America remained at the 2009 levels, while one observes a recovery in Europe with an increase of 2.5% and a strong rise of 5% in the OECD Asia-Pacific area compared to the same period in 2009. Worldwide uranium mining has increased during 2009 by about 7000 tons to almost 51000 tons. Still roughly 18000 tons of the 2010 world uranium requirements need to be provided from the civilian and military reserves. Perhaps the most remarkable new data from the just published 2009 edition of the Red Book, are that (1) the best understood RAR (reasonable assured) and IR (inferred) resources, with a price tag of less than 40 US dollars/Kg, have been inconsistently absorbed in the two to three times higher price categories and (2) uranium mining in Kazakhstan is presented with a short lifetime. The presented mining capacity numbers indicate an uranium extraction peak of 28000 tons during the years 2015-2020, from which it will decline quickly to 14000 tons by 2025 and to only 5000-6000 tons by 2035.

  14. Preparation of High Purity, High Molecular-Weight Chitin from Ionic Liquids for Use as an Adsorbate for the Extraction of Uranium from Seawater (Workscope MS-FC: Fuel Cycle R&D)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rogers, Robin

    2013-12-21

    Ensuring a domestic supply of uranium is a key issue facing the wider implementation of nuclear power. Uranium is mostly mined in Kazakhstan, Australia, and Canada, and there are few high-grade uranium reserves left worldwide. Therefore, one of the most appealing potential sources of uranium is the vast quantity dissolved in the oceans (estimated to be 4.4 billion tons worldwide). There have been research efforts centered on finding a means to extract uranium from seawater for decades, but so far none have resulted in an economically viable product, due in part to the fact that the materials that have been successfully demonstrated to date are too costly (in terms of money and energy) to produce on the necessary scale. Ionic Liquids (salts which melt below 100{degrees}C) can completely dissolve raw crustacean shells, leading to recovery of a high purity, high molecular weight chitin powder and to fibers and films which can be spun directly from the extract solution suggesting that continuous processing might be feasible. The work proposed here will utilize the unprecedented control this makes possible over the chitin fiber a) to prepare electrospun nanofibers of very high surface area and in specific architectures, b) to modify the fiber surfaces chemically with selective extractant capacity, and c) to demonstrate their utility in the direct extraction and recovery of uranium from seawater. This approach will 1) provide direct extraction of chitin from shellfish waste thus saving energy over the current industrial process for obtaining chitin; 2) allow continuous processing of nanofibers for very high surface area fibers in an economical operation; 3) provide a unique high molecular weight chitin not available from the current industrial process leading to stronger, more durable fibers; and 4) allow easy chemical modification of the large surface areas of the fibers for appending uranyl selective functionality providing selectivity and ease of stripping. The resulting sorbent should prove economically feasible, as well as providing an overall net energy gain.

  15. Source sector and region contributions to BC and PM2.5 in Central Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kulkarni, S.; Sobhani, N.; Miller-Schulze, J. P.; Shafer, M. M.; Schauer, J. J.; Solomon, P. A.; Saide, P. E.; Spak, S. N.; Cheng, Y. F.; Denier van der Gon, H. A. C.; Lu, Z.; Streets, D. G.; Janssens-Maenhout, G.; Wiedinmyer, C.; Lantz, J.; Artamonova, M.; Chen, B.; Imashev, S.; Sverdlik, L.; Deminter, J. T.; Adhikary, B.; D'Allura, A.; Wei, C.; Carmichael, G. R.

    2015-02-18

    Particulate matter (PM) mass concentrations, seasonal cycles, source sector, and source region contributions in Central Asia (CA) are analyzed for the period April 2008–July 2009 using the Sulfur Transport and dEposition Model (STEM) chemical transport model and modeled meteorology from the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. Predicted aerosol optical depth (AOD) values (annual mean value ~0.2) in CA vary seasonally, with lowest values in the winter. Surface PM2.5 concentrations (annual mean value ~10 ?g m-3) also exhibit a seasonal cycle, with peak values and largest variability in the spring/summer, and lowest values and variability in the winter (hourly values from 2 to 90 ?g m-3). Surface concentrations of black carbon (BC) (mean value ~0.1 ?g m-3) show peak values in the winter. The simulated values are compared to surface measurements of AOD as well as PM2.5, PM10, BC, and organic carbon (OC) mass concentrations at two regional sites in Kyrgyzstan (Lidar Station Teplokluchenka (LST) and Bishkek). The predicted values of AOD and PM mass concentrations and their seasonal cycles are fairly well captured. The carbonaceous aerosols are underpredicted in winter, and analysis suggests that the winter heating emissions are underestimated in the current inventory. Dust, from sources within and outside CA, is a significant component of the PM mass and drives the seasonal cycles of PM and AOD. On an annual basis, the power and industrial sectors are found to be the most important contributors to the anthropogenic portion of PM2.5. Residential combustion and transportation are shown to be the most important sectors for BC. Biomass burning within and outside the region also contributes to elevated PM and BC concentrations. The analysis of the transport pathways and the variations in particulate matter mass and composition in CA demonstrates that this region is strategically located to characterize regional and intercontinental transport of pollutants. Aerosols at these sites are shown to reflect dust, biomass burning, and anthropogenic sources from Europe; South, East, and Central Asia; and Russia depending on the time period. Simulations for a reference 2030 emission scenario based on pollution abatement measures already committed to in current legislation show that PM2.5 and BC concentrations in the region increase, with BC growing more than PM2.5 on a relative basis. This suggests that both the health impacts and the climate warming associated with these particles may increase over the next decades unless additional control measures are taken. The importance of observations in CA to help characterize the changes that are rapidly taking place in the region are discussed.

  16. Alkoxide routes to Inorganic Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, George H [ORNL

    2007-12-01

    An all alkoxide solution chemistry utilizing metal 2-methoxyethoxide complexes in 2-methoxyethanol was used to deposit thin-films of metal oxides on single-crystal metal oxide substrates and on biaxially textured metal substrates. This same chemistry was used to synthesize complex metal oxide nanoparticles. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectroscopy was used to study precursor solutions of the alkaline niobates and tantalates. Film crystallization temperatures were determined from x-ray diffraction patterns of powders derived from the metal oxide precursor solutions. Film structure was determined via x-ray diffraction. Film morphology was studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Epitaxial thin-films of strontium bismuth tantalate (SrBi{sub 2}Ta{sub 2}O{sub 9}, SBT) and strontium bismuth niobate (SrBi{sub 2}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 9}, SBN) were deposited on single crystal [1 0 0] magnesium oxide (MgO) buffered with lanthanum manganate (LaMnO{sub 3}, LMO). Epitaxial thin films of LMO were deposited on single crystal [100] MgO via Rf-magnetron sputtering and on single crysal [100] lanthanum aluminate (LaAlO{sub 3}) via the chemical solution deposition technique. Epitaxial thin-films of sodium potassium tantalate (na{sub 0.5}K{sub 0.5}TaO{sub 3}, NKT), sodium potassium niobate (Na{sub 0.5}K{sub 0.5}NbO{sub 3}, NKN) and sodium potassium tantalum niobate (Na{sub 0.5}K{sub 0.5}Ta{sub 0.5}O{sub 3}, NKTN) were deposited on single crystal [1 0 0] lanthanum aluminate and [1 0 0] MgO substrates (NKT and NKN) and biaxially textured metal substrates via the chemical solution deposition technique. Epitaxial growth of thin-films of NKT, NKN and NKTN was observed on LAO and Ni-5% W. Epitaxial growth of thin-films of NKN and the growth of c-axis aligned thin-films of NKT was observed on MgO. Nanoparticles of SBT, SBN, NKT and NKN were synthesized in reverse micelles from alkoxide precursor solutions. X-ray diffraction and transmission electron spectroscopy investigations reveal that amorphous nanoparticles ({approx} 5 nm) of SBT and SBN were synthesized. X-ray diffraction investigations reveal that nanoparticles ({approx} nm) of NKT and NKN were also synthesized by this method.

  17. [La(UO{sub 2})V{sub 2}O{sub 7}][(UO{sub 2})(VO{sub 4})] the first lanthanum uranyl-vanadate with structure built from two types of sheets based upon the uranophane anion-topology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mer, A.; Obbade, S.; Rivenet, M.; Renard, C.; Abraham, F.

    2012-01-15

    The new lanthanum uranyl vanadate divanadate, [La(UO{sub 2})V{sub 2}O{sub 7}][(UO{sub 2})(VO{sub 4})] was obtained by reaction at 800 Degree-Sign C between lanthanum chloride, uranium oxide (U{sub 3}O{sub 8}) and vanadium oxide (V{sub 2}O{sub 5}) and the structure was determined from single-crystal X-ray diffraction data. This compound crystallizes in the orthorhombic system with space group P2{sub 1}2{sub 1}2{sub 1} and unit-cell parameters a=6.9470(2) A, b=7.0934(2) A, c=25.7464(6) A, V=1268.73(5) A{sup 3}, Z=4. A full matrix least-squares refinement yielded R{sub 1}=0.0219 for 5493 independent reflections. The crystal structure is characterized by the stacking of uranophane-type sheets {sup 2}{sub {infinity}}[(UO{sub 2})(VO{sub 4})]{sup -} and double layers {sup 2}{sub {infinity}}[La(UO{sub 2})(V{sub 2}O{sub 7})]{sup +} connected through La-O bonds involving the uranyl oxygen of the uranyl-vanadate sheets. The double layers result from the connection of two {sup 2}{sub {infinity}}[La(UO{sub 2})(VO{sub 4}){sub 2}]{sup -} sheets derived from the uranophane anion-topology by replacing half of the uranyl ions by lanthanum atoms and connected through the formation of divanadate entities. - Graphical abstract: A view of the three-dimensional structure of [La(UO{sub 2})V{sub 2}O{sub 7}][(UO{sub 2})(VO{sub 4})]. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer New lanthanum uranyl vanadate divanadate has been synthesized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Structure was determined from single-crystal X-ray diffraction data. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Structure is characterized by uranophane-type sheets and double layers {sup 2}{sub {infinity}}[La(UO{sub 2})(V{sub 2}O{sub 7})]{sup +}.

  18. Developments in the Nuclear Safeguards and Security Engineering Degree Program at Tomsk Polytechnic University

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boiko, Vladimir I.; Demyanyuk, Dmitry G.; Silaev, Maxim E.; Duncan, Cristen L.; Heinberg, Cynthia L.; Killinger, Mark H.; Goodey, Kent O.; Butler, Gilbert W.

    2009-10-06

    Over the last six years, Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU) has developed a 5½ year engineering degree program in the field of Material Protection Control and Accounting (MPC&A). In 2009 the first students graduated with this new degree. There were 25 job offers from nuclear fuel cycle enterprises of Russia and Kazakhstan for 17 graduates of the program. Due to the rather wide selection of workplaces, all graduates have obtained positions at nuclear enterprises. The program was developed within the Applied Physics and Engineering Department (APED). The laboratory and methodological base has been created taking into consideration the experience of the similar program at the Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (MEPhI). However, the TPU program has some distinguishing features such as the inclusion of special courses pertaining to fuel enrichment and reprocessing. During the last two years, three MPC&A laboratories have been established at APED. This was made possible due to several factors such as establishment of the State innovative educational program at TPU, assistance of the U.S. Department of Energy through Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Los Alamos National Laboratory, and the financial support of the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority and some Russian private companies. All three of the MPC&A laboratories are part of the Innovative Educational Center “Nuclear Technologies and Non-Proliferation,” which deals with many topics including research activities, development of new curricula for experts training and retraining, and training of master’s students. In 2008, TPU developed a relationship with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), which was familiarized with APED’s current resources and activities. The IAEA has shown interest in creation of a master’s degree educational program in the field of nuclear security at TPU. A future objective is to acquaint nuclear fuel cycle enterprises with new APED capabilities and involve the enterprises in the scientific and educational projects implemented through the Nuclear Technologies and Non-Proliferation Center. This paper describes the development of the MPC&A engineering degree program and future goals of TPU in the field of nonproliferation education.

  19. Recent Developments in the Management of Cameco Corporation's Fuel Services Division Waste - 13144

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Thomas P.

    2013-07-01

    Cameco Corporation is a world leader in uranium production. Headquartered in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan our operations provide 16% of the world uranium mine production and we have approximately 435 million pounds of proven and probable uranium reserves. Cameco mining operations are located in Saskatchewan, Wyoming, Nebraska and Kazakhstan. Cameco is also a major supplier of uranium processing services required to produce fuel for the generation of clean energy. These operations are based in Blind River, Cobourg and Port Hope, Ontario and are collectively referred to as the Fuel Services Division. The Fuel Services Division produces uranium trioxide from uranium ore concentrate at the Blind River Refinery. Cameco produces uranium hexafluoride and uranium dioxide at the Port Hope Conversion Facility. Cameco operates a fuel manufacturing facility in Port Hope, Ontario and a metal fabrication facility located in Cobourg, Ontario. The company manufactures fuel bundles utilized in the Candu reactors. Cameco's Fuel Services Division produces several types of low-level radioactively contaminated wastes. Internal processing capabilities at both the Blind River Refinery and Port Hope Conversion Facility are extensive and allow for the recycling of several types of waste. Notwithstanding these capabilities there are certain wastes that are not amenable to the internal processing capabilities and must be disposed of appropriately. Disposal options for low-level radioactively contaminated wastes in Canada are limited primarily due to cost considerations. In recent years, Cameco has started to ship marginally contaminated wastes (<500 ppm uranium) to the United States for disposal in an appropriate landfill. The landfill is owned by US Ecology Incorporated and is located near Grand View, Idaho 70 miles southeast of Boise in the Owyhee Desert. The facility treats and disposes hazardous waste, non-hazardous industrial waste and low-activity radioactive material. The site's arid climate, deep groundwater and favourable geology help ensure permanent waste isolation. Combined with a state of the art multi-layer landfill liner system, the Grand View facility represents an ideal choice to minimize environmental liability. Marginally contaminated wastes from operations within the Fuel Services Division are typically loaded into PacTec IP-2 rated Intermediary Bulk Containers and then transported by road to a nearby rail siding. The Intermediary Bulk Containers are then loaded in US Ecology owned gondola rail-cars. The gondolas are then transported via Canadian Pacific and Union Pacific railroads to the US Ecology Rail Transfer facility located in Mayfield, Idaho. The Intermediary Bulk Containers are unloaded into trucks for transport to the disposal facility located approximately 32 miles away. (authors)

  20. Cogeneration of Electricity and Potable Water Using The International Reactor Innovative And Secure (IRIS) Design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ingersoll, D.T.; Binder, J.L.; Kostin, V.I.; Panov, Y.K.; Polunichev, V.; Ricotti, M.E.; Conti, D.; Alonso, G.

    2004-10-06

    The worldwide demand for potable water has been steadily growing and is projected to accelerate, driven by a continued population growth and industrialization of emerging countries. This growth is reflected in a recent market survey by the World Resources Institute, which shows a doubling in the installed capacity of seawater desalination plants every ten years. The production of desalinated water is energy intensive, requiring approximately 3-6 kWh/m3 of produced desalted water. At current U.S. water use rates, a dedicated 1000 MW power plant for every one million people would be required to meet our water needs with desalted water. Nuclear energy plants are attractive for large scale desalination application. The thermal energy produced in a nuclear plant can provide both electricity and desalted water without the production of greenhouse gases. A particularly attractive option for nuclear desalination is to couple a desalination plant with an advanced, modular, passively safe reactor design. The use of small-to-medium sized nuclear power plants allows for countries with smaller electrical grid needs and infrastructure to add new electrical and water capacity in more appropriate increments and allows countries to consider siting plants at a broader number of distributed locations. To meet these needs, a modified version of the International Reactor Innovative and Secure (IRIS) nuclear power plant design has been developed for the cogeneration of electricity and desalted water. The modular, passively safe features of IRIS make it especially well adapted for this application. Furthermore, several design features of the IRIS reactor will ensure a safe and reliable source of energy and water even for countries with limited nuclear power experience and infrastructure. The IRIS-D design utilizes low-quality steam extracted from the low-pressure turbine to boil seawater in a multi-effect distillation desalination plant. The desalination plant is based on the horizontal tube film evaporation design used successfully with the BN-350 nuclear plant in Aktau, Kazakhstan. Parametric studies have been performed to optimize the balance of plant design. Also, an economic analysis has been performed, which shows that IRIS-D should be able to provide electricity and clean water at highly competitive costs.

  1. Changes in Russia's Military and Nuclear Doctrine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolkov, Benjamin M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Balatsky, Galya I. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-07-26

    In 1993, the Russian Federation set out a new military doctrine that would determine the direction of its armed forces until President Putin set out the next doctrine in 2000. The Russian Federation creating the doctrine was new; the USSR had recently collapsed, Gorbachev - the creator of the predecessor to this doctrine in 1987 - was out of office, and the new Russian military had only been formed in May, 1992.1 The analysis of the 1993 doctrine is as follows: a definition of how doctrine is defined; a short history of Russian military doctrine leading up to the 1993 doctrine (officially the Basic Provisions of the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation); and finally, what the doctrine established. An overview of the 1993 doctrine is: (1) Russia's 1993 doctrine was a return to older, more aggressive doctrine as a result of stability concerns surrounding the recent collapse of the USSR; (2) Russia turned from Gorbachev's 'defensive defense' in the 1987 doctrine to aggressive defense with the option of preempting or striking back against an aggressor; (3) Russia was deeply concerned about how nationalism would affect the former Soviet Republics, particularly in respect to the ethnic Russians still living abroad; and (4) Nuclear doctrine pledged to not be the first to use nuclear weapons but provided for the potential for escalation from a conventional to a nuclear war. The 2000 doctrine (officially the Russian Federation Military Doctrine) was created in a more stable world than the 1993 doctrine was. The Russian Federation had survived independence and the 'threat of direct military aggression against the Russian Federation and its allies' had diminished. It had secured all of the nuclear weapons from its neighbors Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan, and had elected a new president, Vladimir Putin, to replace Boris Yeltsin. Yet, even as the doctrine took more defensive tones than the 1993 doctrine, it expanded its nuclear options. Below are a new definition of what doctrine meant in 2000 and an outline of the 2000 doctrine. An overview of the 2000 doctrine is: (1) The 2000 doctrine was a return to a more defensive posture; the threat of nuclear retaliation, rather than that of preemptive force, would be its deterrence; (2) In order to strengthen its nuclear deterrence, Russia extended and redefined the cases in which nuclear weapons could be used to include a wider range of conflict types and a larger spectrum of attackers; and (3) Russia's threats changed to reflect its latest fear of engaging in a limited conflict with no prospect of the use of nuclear deterrence. In 2006, the defense minister and deputy prime minister Sergei Ivanov announced that the government was starting on a draft of a future doctrine. Four years later, in 2010, the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation was put into effect with the intent of determining Russian doctrine until 2020. The 2010 doctrine, like all previous doctrines, was a product of the times in which it was written. Gone were many of the fears that had followed Russia for the past two decades. Below are an examination of the 2010 definition of doctrine as well as a brief analysis of the 2010 doctrine and its deviations from past doctrines. An overview of the 2010 doctrine is: (1) The new doctrine emphasizes the political centralization of command both in military policy and the use of nuclear weapons; (2) Nuclear doctrine remains the same in many aspects including the retention of first-use; (3) At the same time, doctrine was narrowed to using nuclear weapons only when the Russian state's existence is in danger; to continue strong deterrence, Russia also opted to follow the United States by introducing precision conventional weapons; (4) NATO is defined as Russia's primary external threat because of its increased global presence and its attempt to recruit states that are part of the Russian 'bloc'; and (5) The 2000 doctrine's defensive stance was left out of the doctrine; rumored options for use of nuclear weapons in local wars and in preemptive strikes were also left out.