Sample records for kazakhstan kenya korea

  1. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea (DPRK) Korea (Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea (DPRK) Korea (Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea (DPRK) Korea (

  2. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, Dem. Rep.New Zealand Iceland Kazakhstan Korea, Dem. Rep. BulgariaChina Croatia Grenada Jamaica Kazakhstan Korea, Rep. Lebanon

  3. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guyana Indonesia Jordan Kazakhstan Kyrgyz Republic Laoof Iraq Jamaica Jordan Kazakhstan Macedonia, FYR MaldivesJamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea Kuwait Kyrgyz

  4. Kazakhstan receiving acreage applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1995-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Kazakhstan is receiving applications for exploration and development rights to large tracts in the central and eastern parts of the republic. The program is part of a country-wide effort to attract more foreign investigators to help underwrite massive industrial privatization aimed at revitalizing Kazakhstan's economy. A delegation of Kazakh officials visited Houston the last week in November to publicize petroleum opportunities in the republic and appeared Dec. 1--2 at a conference to present an overview of Kazakhstan's petroleum prospectivity. Officials also reviewed recently approved legal, financial, and environmental legislation intended to improve the attractiveness of investing in Kazakhstan's energy sector. This paper discusses the status of development, gives a geologic overview, and highlights the geology of the South Torgay and Teniz basins.

  5. --No Title--

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, North Korea, South Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon Lesotho...

  6. KazaKhstan and theworld economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    KazaKhstan and theworld economy: an assessment of Kazakhstan's trade policy and pending accession,Razeen Sally,and Pierre- Olivier LegaultTremblay. #12;ExEcutivE Summary Kazakhstan has been negotiating are of greater com- plexity and political sensitivity. What sets Kazakhstan-- and other countries within its

  7. During the month of November, the Department hosted an unusual guest from Kazakhstan, Zhanna Yessengaliyeva. Kazakhstan is a country

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pringle, James "Jamie"

    During the month of November, the Department hosted an unusual guest from Kazakhstan, Zhanna Yessengaliyeva. Kazakhstan is a country in Central Asia and Eastern Europe. Kazakhstan is the ninth largest) is larger than Western Europe. 16.6 million people live in Kazakhstan, its population density is less than 6

  8. Sheena Tonkin, '07 Marigat, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheena Tonkin, '07 Marigat, Kenya Caitlyn, Jeanna and I were able to spend our summer of service in Marigat, Kenya. Marigat is located in the Rift Valley of Kenya, which is located in the northwestern part

  9. Karina Davis, '08 Marigat, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karina Davis, '08 Marigat, Kenya This past May I had the amazing opportunity to spend six weeks living and working with four Franciscan nuns in Marigat, Kenya. Marigat is a small town located in Kenya

  10. Melissa Krueger, '06 Salawa, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melissa Krueger, '06 Salawa, Kenya Douglas and I were able to travel in Western Kenya through in Kenya and such a different culture. The woman does everything in the family and for the family. She

  11. Caitlyn Munson, '07 Marigat, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caitlyn Munson, '07 Marigat, Kenya My summer of service trip was to Marigat, Kenya. I went and Martina While in Kenya, we stayed with Franciscan sisters. These women graciously opened their home to us in Kenya for 56 years! She worked in the school on the compound. Sister Medrine spent most of her time

  12. Patrick Marinello, '08 Marigat, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick Marinello, '08 Marigat, Kenya "Ladies and Gentlemen please fasten your seatbelts and return this phrase recited many times before by flight attendants, but it had a different meaning for Kenya. We were headed for Marigat, Kenya ­ a small town of approximately 3,000 in Kenya's Rift Valley

  13. Project EARTH-11-RW2: The Active Tectonics of Kazakhstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Gideon

    Project EARTH-11-RW2: The Active Tectonics of Kazakhstan Supervisor: Dr R Walker The active faulting and building of mountains in Kazakhstan, and adjacent parts of north-central Asia (e.g. Mongolia. The aim of this DPhil proposal is to investigate the active tectonics of Kazakhstan (and potentially

  14. Variability of urea concentration in camel milk in Kazakhstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Note Variability of urea concentration in camel milk in Kazakhstan Bernard FAYE 1*, Gaukhar University Al Farabi, 71 av. Al-Farabi, 050040 Almaty, Kazakhstan Received 12 February 2010 ­ Revised 4 March interpretable variation factors. In 102 milk samples collected in Kazakhstan, at four seasons of the year

  15. The Post-Soviet Development of Elite-Level Athletics in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silecky, Matej

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    athletes/nation=kazakhstan/index.html.   “Browse Olympic Committee, Republic of Kazakhstan. ” Accessed October 17, Browse Olympic Athletes:  Kazakhstan; NBC Olympics. ” 

  16. Daniel Sedhom, 2012 Marigat, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel Sedhom, 2012 Marigat, Kenya The calendar turned to May 28 th , 2011, a day that would mark different from anywhere I have seen or even imagined before. Marigat, Kenya became my home for the next six the opportunity to visit this wonderful place. #12;I spent my time in Marigat, Kenya at a compound which consisted

  17. Alex Leahey, `06 Marigat, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alex Leahey, `06 Marigat, Kenya Liz and I had an unforgettable experience during our summer Kenya in East Africa . Marigat is a small town in the Baringo District of the Great Rift Valley about four hours from the fast pace and conveniences of a city like Nairobi; many people in Kenya didn't know

  18. Ramy Sedhom, `09 Marigat, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramy Sedhom, `09 Marigat, Kenya In the summer of May 2009, I was blessed enough to be given an opportunity to spend six weeks living and working amongst the company of Franciscan nuns in Kenya, in a small of Kenya and its people, made me happy to call it home during my time there. This is the city center

  19. Jeanna Auriemma, '07 Marigat, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeanna Auriemma, '07 Marigat, Kenya I spent my summer with Caitlyn Munson and Sheena Tonkin in Marigat, Kenya at the Marigat Catholic Mission. We lived in a convent with three Franciscan Missionary enjoyed my trip to Kenya. Although it was difficult to see people living "in poverty", I've learned

  20. Christie Ziegler ,,12 Marigat, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christie Ziegler ,,12 Marigat, Kenya In the summer of 2011, I was given the opportunity to spend six weeks in Marigat, Kenya where I lived and worked with Franciscan nuns, along with two classmates immunizations before, it was a very scary experience but the people of Kenya were very understanding and patient

  1. Aman Shah, '08 Kabula, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aman Shah, '08 Kabula, Kenya During the summer of 2007, Heather Petrat and I had the once in a lifetime opportunity to travel to Kabula (a village town in the Western province of Kenya) and immerse these classes was the most rewarding of all the experiences Heather and I had in Kenya. Since most

  2. U.S. DOE, Kazakhstan government launch aerial imaging project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamm, J. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

    1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) and the Kazakhstan government have launched a breakthrough science and technology mission to use DOE technology developed to detect weapons proliferation to search for oil and mineral reserves in Kazakhstan. The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is leading the research effort, which began in June. This mission to conduct airborne imaging flights over Kazakhstan is the result of a recently signed agreement between Pacific Northwest and Earth Search Sciences Inc., a remote sensing firm based in Idaho, to look for oil and mineral deposits in the Republic of Kazakhstan in central Asia. It is the first time this technology will be used outside the United States.

  3. NNSA and Kazakhstan Complete Operation to Eliminate Highly Enriched...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Kazakhstan Complete Operation to Eliminate Highly Enriched Uranium | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the...

  4. United States Department of Energy and the Republic of Kazakhstan...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Department of Energy and the Republic of Kazakhstan Ministry of Energy Mark the Completion of the Packaging of the BN-350 Fast Breeder Reactor Spent Fuel | National Nuclear...

  5. US, Kazakhstan Cooperate to Eliminate Highly Enriched Uranium...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    of 36 kilograms (approximately 80 pounds) of highly enriched uranium (HEU) spent fuel from the Institute of Nuclear Physics (INP) in Almaty, Kazakhstan. The HEU was...

  6. Programme de bourses en codirection pour doctorants Les Universits du Kazakhstan cherchent des codirecteurs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeanjean, Louis

    Programme de bourses en codirection pour doctorants Kazakhstan Les Universités du Kazakhstan quarantaine d'établissements d'enseignement supérieur du Kazakhstan. Ce programme s'inscrit dans une politique outil intéressant pour s'engager dans de nouvelles coopérations. L'Ambassade de France au Kazakhstan

  7. Kazakhstan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou New Energy CoKERAFOLKarlsruheKauai IslandKazakhstan:

  8. WHO Technical Manual on Tobacco Tax Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Nepal, New Zealand, Papua Newonly Gambia Ghana Kenya Kyrgyzstan Malawi Nepal Papua New

  9. A new species of Chiasmognathus from Kazakhstan (Hymenoptera: Apidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engel, Michael S.; Packer, Laurence

    2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A new species of the ammobatine bee genus Chiasmognathus Engel (Nomadinae: Ammobatini) is described and figured from near Almaty, Kazakhstan. Chiasmognathus scythicus Engel & Packer, new species, is superficially similar to C. gussakovskii (Popov...

  10. Kazakhstan-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the Philippines, Serbia, and Vietnam. Fact Sheet...

  11. Ultrarapid exhumation of ultrahigh-pressure diamond-bearing metasedimentary rocks of the Kokchetav Massif, Kazakhstan?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Bradley R.

    Massif, Kazakhstan? $ Bradley R. Hackera,*, Andrew Calverta , R.Y. Zhangb , W. Gary Ernstb , J.G. Lioub, Kazakhstan (Fig. 1), is a large ( f 10­15 Â 150 km) ultrahigh-pressure terrane, distinctive because

  12. Christopher Smith `10 MARIGAT, KENYA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher Smith `10 MARIGAT, KENYA As the airliner picked up speed and lifted from the tarmac working with them, eating dinner at their table, playing cards and watching television at night they never

  13. Mapping locust habitats in River Ili Delta, Kazakhstan, using Landsat imagery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Latchininsky, Alexandre

    Mapping locust habitats in River Ili Delta, Kazakhstan, using Landsat imagery Ramesh Sivanpillai a Protection, Almaty, Kazakhstan Received 11 August 2005; received in revised form 10 March 2006; accepted 21 March 2006 Available online 3 May 2006 Abstract The River Ili delta in southeast Kazakhstan

  14. Parcours de l'ethnologie au Kazakhstan : anciennes contraintes, nouveaux travers Isabelle Ohayon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Parcours de l'ethnologie au Kazakhstan : anciennes contraintes, nouveaux travers Isabelle Ohayon Référence publication : « Parcours de l'ethnologie au Kazakhstan, anciennes contraintes, nouveaux travers de l'ex-URSS, l'ethnologie au Kazakhstan connaît une crise profonde. Elle est affectée aujourd

  15. Mathematics Education Issues in post-Soviet Kazakhstan: An International Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    Mathematics Education Issues in post-Soviet Kazakhstan: An International Perspective Zaur Berkaliev in mathematics education in post-Soviet Kazakhstan through the lens of American experience and NCTM Principles Background Located in Central Asia, Kazakhstan is one of the fifteen former Soviet republics which became

  16. Kenya & Tanzania: a ClassiC safari

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connor, Ed

    Kenya & Tanzania: a ClassiC safari A Special Departure August 15 ­ 27, 2012 for Johns Hopkins volcano; Bilila Lodge Serengeti in the heart of the northern Serengeti; the Fairmont Mount Kenya SafariMartinCenter,2ndFloor 3400N.CharlesStreet Baltimore,Maryland21218 Johns Hopkins Reservation Form ­ Kenya

  17. 2012 Summer of Service Marigat & Salawa, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012 Summer of Service Marigat & Salawa, Kenya Katie Williams In the summer of 2012 I had the privilege of spending 11 weeks working with the Mill Hill Sisters of Saint Francis in Western Kenya. While without electricity or running water. Homes in Kenya are much smaller as well and a family of six

  18. Planned oil pipeline vital to economy of Kazakhstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The West Kazakhstan-Kumkol pipeline project is extremely vital to the economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan`s ultimate goal of transporting crude oil produced from the western part of the country eastward to Kumkol, from where it is further transported through existing pipelines to refineries in Chimkent in the south and Pavoldar in the northeast. The two refineries are now mainly supplied with west Siberian crudes imported through a pipeline that approaches Kazakhstan via Omsk. The planned pipeline will allow increased use of local crudes, thereby considerably improving a secure supply for the consumers while also increasing the flexibility of the nation`s overall import/export situation. The importance of this project is stressed by the Kazakh government which has officially classified it as a national priority project. The technical feasibility study of the project was prepared by ILF Consulting Engineers of Germany and Price Waterhouse Financial Consultants is conducting a study to determine the economical viability of the project. The overall cost is estimated at $1.1 billion, with the cost of Phase 1 placed at $600 million.

  19. Traits Affecting Household Livestock Marketing Decisions in Rural Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Traits Affecting Household Livestock Marketing Decisions in Rural Kenya Katherine L. Baldwin community of Central Kenya, we regressed household offtake rate of both cattle and smallstock against in Kenya. Because pastoralist economies depend almost exclusively upon livestock production, most recent

  20. AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina Angola Armenia Bolivia Benin Azerbaijan Senegal Syria Seychelles Taiwan (Republic of China) Sierra Leone Tajikistan Somalia Thailand South Africa Kazakhstan Guinea Korea (North) Guinea-Bissau Korea (South) Kenya Kuwait Lesotho Kyrgyzstan Liberia Lao PDR

  1. Busted: Illegal Logging in Kenya Daily Nation Newswire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Busted: Illegal Logging in Kenya Daily Nation Newswire Police and Kenya Wildlife Service personnel many merchants were using expired permits. Eighteen people have been arrested for illegal logging

  2. Kenya: Enrico Rogora, University of Rome "La Sapienza", Italy, and David M. Malonza and Leo Odongo, Kenyatta University, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Kenya: Enrico Rogora, University of Rome "La Sapienza", Italy, and David M. Malonza and Leo Odongo, Kenyatta University, Kenya General description of partner department The Department of Mathematics

  3. Radiological Conditions at the Semipalatinsk Test Site, Kazakhstan: Preliminary Assessment and Recommendations for Further Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Napier, Bruce A. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB))

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a review of the book ''Radiological Conditions at the Semipalatinsk Test Site, Kazakhstan: Preliminary Assessment and Recommendations for Further Study.''

  4. Society to 2050 AD: Anthropological Forecasts Extrapolating Correlates of Modernization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denton, Trevor

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Dev elop V1Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Soc NumJamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati V678 Rec V744

  5. The political economy of labor market liberalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choung, Jinhee Lee

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lanka Mozambique Peru Kazakhstan Korea Georgia SwitzerlandThailand (2004), and Kazakhstan In addition to globalizationVietnam Taiwan Mozambique Kazakhstan Ukraine Georgia Korea

  6. Sovereign Wealth Funds: Stylized Facts about their Determinants and Governance*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua; Glick, Reuven

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Algeria Brunei Korea Kazakhstan Venezuela Malaysia Nigeriac Algeria Brunei Korea Kazakhstan Venezuela Malaysia NigeriaFund for the Republic of Kazakhstan National Development

  7. VARIABILITE STRUCTURALE ET PHYSICO CHIMIQUE DES CROUTES SUPERFICIELLES DES SOLS DE LA VALLEE DU SYR DARIA (KAZAKHSTAN).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    DARIA (KAZAKHSTAN). Valet S.1 , Ph. Le Coustumer2 , M. Motélica- Heino3 et S. Galaup4 . 1 Consultant réalisée au Kazakhstan, en 2003, a démontré, pour la premičre fois l'existence d'un tel encroűtement sur extręme variabilité physique, chimique et microbiologique. Toutefois le milieu spécifique du Kazakhstan

  8. Kenya (Rpublique du) Admission 1 er

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montréal, Université de

    2014-04-14 Kenya (République du) Admission 1 er cycle Programmes à capacité d'accueil limitée : complément d'informations Seuils requis selon les programmes Détails sur le test Kenya Certificate

  9. Marigat, Kenya In May of 2010, I was fortunate enough to travel to Marigat, Kenya for six weeks to work

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marigat, Kenya In May of 2010, I was fortunate enough to travel to Marigat, Kenya for six weeks to work and live with Franciscan nuns. Marigat is a small town located in the Baringo district of Kenya or running water. A street in Marigat. #12;While in Kenya, I worked at a clinic with my classmate, Ben Di

  10. Housing and Ethnicity in the Post-Soviet City: Ust'-Kamenogorsk, Kazakhstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Youqin

    Housing and Ethnicity in the Post-Soviet City: Ust'-Kamenogorsk, Kazakhstan Michael Gentile-Soviet segregation in housing in the medium-sized industrial city of Ust'-Kamenogorsk, Kazakhstan. The paper uses segregation by dwelling type, housing size and facilities between Kazakhs, Russians and other ethnic groups

  11. Final (pre-edited) version of the paper published in: Proc. 10th Int. Conf. Logic for Programming, Artificial Intelligence, and Reasoning (LPAR 2003), Almaty, Kazakhstan, Sep. 2003,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sutre, Grégoire

    , Artificial Intelligence, and Reasoning (LPAR 2003), Almaty, Kazakhstan, Sep. 2003, volume 2850 of Lecture

  12. Essays on the politics of regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weymouth, Stephen

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Iran Israel Jamaica Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kuwait KyrgyzHungary Tajikistan Romania Kazakhstan Senegal Czech RepublicBosnia and Herzegovina Kazakhstan Turkey Poland Belarus

  13. Kazakhstan Climate Change Coordination Center | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii |Island,Kas Farms Wind Farm JumpKazakhstan

  14. Estimating the potential of greenhouse gas mitigation in Kazakhstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Monacrovich, E.; Pilifosova, O.; Danchuck, D. [Kazakh Scientific-Research Hydrometeorlogical Institute, Almaty (Kazakhstan)] [and others

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the studies related to the obligations of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Republic of Kazakhstan started activities to inventory greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and assess of GHG mitigation options, The objective of this paper is to present an estimate of the possibility of mitigating GHG emissions and determine the mitigation priorities. It presents a compilation of the possible options and their assessment in terms of major criteria and implementation feasibility. Taking into account the structure of GHG emissions in Kazakhstan in 1990, preliminary estimates of the potential for mitigation are presented for eight options for the energy sector and agriculture and forestry sector. The reference scenario prepared by expert assessments assumes a reduction of CO{sub 2} emissions in 1996-1998 by about 26% from the 1990 level due to general economic decline, but then emissions increase. It is estimated that the total potential for the mitigation of CO{sub 2} emissions for the year 2000 is 3% of the CO{sub 2} emissions in the reference scenario. The annual reduction in methane emissions due to the estimated options can amount to 5%-6% of the 1990 level. 10 refs., 1 fig., 4 tabs.

  15. Social Interactions, Ethnicity and Fertility in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iyer, Sriya; Weeks, Melvyn

    Social Interactions, Ethnicity and Fertility in Kenya#3; Sriya Iyer Faculty of Economics University of Cambridge Melvyn Weeks Faculty of Economics University of Cambridge January 2009 #3;Acknowledgements: For helpful comments and discussions we... in Microeconomics, and St. Catharine?s College, Cambridge. We are especially grateful to Mrs. Zipporah Onchari and the Director of the Kenya Meteorological Services for giving us access to their rainfall data and for patiently answering our many questions. We...

  16. Does Abolishing Fees Reduce School Quality? Evidence from Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    Does Abolishing Fees Reduce School Quality? Evidence from Kenya Tessa Bold, Mwangi Kimenyi, Germano Mwabu and Justin Sandefur This Version: December 30, 2010 Abstract In 2003 Kenya abolished user fees

  17. Public service integration in Kazakhstan: the case of one stop shop 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janenova, Saltanat

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is an analysis of the public service integration, a New Public Management initiative, in a transitional context such as Kazakhstan. This thesis focuses on three main perspectives – the impact of the service ...

  18. The Great Transformation: Looking back on Kenya’s economy to examine the spaces for alternative economies today 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hemdriksen, Kirri

    2014-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this research is to make anthropological sense of the numerous movements that have occurred in Kenya’s small-scale tea industry through a reconstruction of Karl Polanyi’s theory of the ‘double movement’. ...

  19. Constructing a "New Kenya": National Unity and Reconciliation in the Wake of Kenya's 2007/2008 Post-Election Violence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harroff, Lindsay

    2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    On December 30, 2007, moments after Kenya's electoral commission announced incumbent President Mwai Kibaki won the presidential election, violence erupted across Kenya in response to perceptions the election was rigged. Within weeks, 1,133 people...

  20. Connective Power: Solar Electrification and Social Change in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobson, Arne

    Connective Power: Solar Electrification and Social Change in Kenya ARNE JACOBSON * Humboldt State development, Africa, Kenya 1. INTRODUCTION Solar electrification has emerged as a leading alternative to grid technology advocates, but my research in Kenya indicates that solar electrification is, at best, only loosely

  1. Deliberate Interactions: Characterizing Technology Use in Nairobi, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grinter, Rebecca Elizabeth

    Deliberate Interactions: Characterizing Technology Use in Nairobi, Kenya Susan P. Wyche, Thomas N from a qualitative study examining how professionals living and working in Nairobi, Kenya regularly use, Kenya, urban computing, everyday technology ACM Classification Keywords K.4.2 Social Issues

  2. Changing times, changing places: AIDS orphans in Kisumu District, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Changing times, changing places: AIDS orphans in Kisumu District, Kenya Prevalence of AIDS orphans in Kenya (2.6 million) had been orphaned by AIDS. In 1999, 46,732 children (17 years old care. Although Kenya has clear policies on prevention and management of HIV, it lacks a policy

  3. Aardvark hunt in Kenya Gaten B. Rat}rUin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I I i Aardvark hunt in Kenya Gaten B. Rat}rUin Dept of Omittrologr & Mamrnalogr, Catifomia Academy eactrirg science as a Peace Corps Volunteer at Mirogi $conOary Scnou in Sou*r Nyanza District or Kenya of Kenya in Nairobi. 14 #12;

  4. An Energy Overview of the Republic of Kazakhstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    anon.

    2003-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The DOE Office of Fossil Energy is maintaining a web site that is meant to provide useful business- and energy-related information about countries and regions of the world for exporters, project developers, and researchers. The site consists of more than 130 country pages (organized into seven different world regions), with each country page having its own set of links to information sources about that country. There are also more than 30 Country Energy Overviews at the web site -- each of these is a comprehensive review of a specific country's entire energy situation, including sections on Energy Policy, Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Hydroelectric/Renewables, Nuclear Power, Energy Transmission Infrastructure, Electricity, Electric Industry Overview, Environmental Activities, Privatization, Trade, and Economic Situation. The specific country highlighted in this Country Energy Overview is Kazakhstan. The site is designed to be dynamic. Updates to the overviews will be made as need and resources permit.

  5. Kenya: Balazs Szendroi, University of Oxford, UK, and the Department of Mathematics and Applied Statistics, Maseno University, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szendröi, Balázs

    Kenya: Balazs Szendroi, University of Oxford, UK, and the Department of Mathematics and Applied Statistics, Maseno University, Kenya Contacts: Professor John Ogonji (Dean), Professor Omolo Ongati (Head was supported by local funds from MACKNET, the Maths And Computer science, Kenya, NETwork. The following

  6. The Post-Soviet Development of Elite-Level Athletics in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silecky, Matej

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Browse Olympic Athletes:  Kyrgyzstan; NBC Olympics. ” athletes/nation=kyrgyzstan/index.html.   “Browse Olympic Games by Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan,  Turkmenistan 

  7. Le satellite astronomique europen INTEGRAL a t lanc en 2002 depuis le centre spatial de Bakonour, au Kazakhstan, puis plac en

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rochaix, Jean-David

    Baďkonour, au Kazakhstan, puis placé en orbite pour étudier les rayons gamma émis par des sources telles que

  8. Below-ground root yield and distribution in natural and replanted mangrove forests at Gazi bay, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mencuccini, Maurizio

    , Kenya F. Tamooh a,b, *, M. Huxham d , M. Karachi a , M. Mencuccini e , J.G. Kairo c , B. Kirui d a Egerton University, P.O. Box 536, Njoro, Kenya b Kenya Wildlife Service, P.O. Box 82144-80100, Mombasa, Kenya c Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute (KMFRI) P.O. Box 81651, Mombasa, Kenya d School

  9. Low-enriched uranium holdup measurements in Kazakhstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barham, M.A.; Ceo, R.N.; Smith, S.E. [Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant, TN (United States)] [and others

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantification of the residual nuclear material remaining in process equipment has long been a challenge to those who work with nuclear material accounting systems. Fortunately, nuclear material has spontaneous radiation emissions that can be measured. If gamma-ray measurements can be made, it is easy to determine what isotope a deposit contains. Unfortunately, it can be quite difficult to relate this measured signal to an estimate of the mass of the nuclear deposit. Typically, the measurement expert must work with incomplete or inadequate information to determine a quantitative result. Simplified analysis models, the distribution of the nuclear material, any intervening attenuation, background(s), and the source-to-detector distance(s) can have significant impacts on the quantitative result. This presentation discusses the application of a generalized-geometry holdup model to the low-enriched uranium fuel pellet fabrication plant in Ust-Kamenogorsk, Kazakhstan. Preliminary results will be presented. Software tools have been developed to assist the facility operators in performing and documenting the measurements. Operator feedback has been used to improve the user interfaces.

  10. Multimodal Transport Modeling for Nairobi, Kenya: Insights and Recommendations with an Evidence-Based Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Multimodal Transport Modeling for Nairobi, Kenya: Insights and Recommendations with an Evidence-5 August 2009 #12;Multimodal Transport Modeling for Nairobi, Kenya: Insights and Recommendations

  11. Energy conservation in Kenya: progress, potentials, problems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schipper, L.; Hollander, J.M.; Milukas, M.; Alcamo, J.; Meyers, S.; Noll, S.

    1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A study was carried out of the flows of commercial energy in the economy of Kenya. Indications were sought of the extent to which energy conservation, (i.e., increase in efficiency of energy use) has reduced the ratio of energy inputs to economic outputs, in the post-1973 years. An assessment was made of the potential for energy conservation to reduce the growth of Kenyan energy use in the future and of significant barriers to increasing energy efficiency. Consideration was given to the role of government policy and of international assistance in fostering energy conservation in Kenya and other developing countries. The study was performed by analyzing available energy data and statistics from the largest oil companies, the Kenyan electric utility, and the government. These sources were supplemented by conducting personal interviews with personnel of nearly 50 commercial firms in Kenya. Direct consumption of fuel accounts for 94% of the commercial energy use in Kenya, while electricity accounts for 6%. The sectoral division of fuel use is: transportation 53%, industry 21%, energy production 11%, agriculture 9%, buildings and residences 5%, and construction 1%. For electricity the division is: buildings and residences 48%, industry 45%, energy production 4%, agriculture 2%, and construction 1%. Recent progress in conservation is reported.

  12. Contemporary Korean/American Evangelical Missions: Politics of Space, Gender, and Difference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Ju Hui Judy

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Azerbaijan, Iraq, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan. The third casemillion ethnic Koreans in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan fallAviv, Israel; Almaty, Kazakhstan; Pyongyang, North Korea;

  13. Energy demand and conservation in Kenya: initial appraisal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schipper, L.

    1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ongoing research into the use and conservation of energy in Kenya is reported briefly. A partial accounting of energy use in Kenya is presented, and evidence that some energy conservation has been taking place is discussed. A fuller accounting for all commercial energy flows is both possible and desirable. The work presented should serve as a basis for further data collection and analysis in Kenya, and can be used as a model for similar efforts in other countries. The author intends to continue much of this energy accounting in Kenya in the latter half of 1980.

  14. Kenya-Supporting Low Carbon Development and Climate Resilient...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Development Strategies" Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleKenya-SupportingLowCarbonDevelopmentandClimateResilientStrategiesinAfrica&oldid700...

  15. Kenya-Standard Assessment of Mitigation Potential and Livelihoods...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Livelihoods in Smallholder Systems (SAMPLES) Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Standard Assessment of Mitigation Potential and Livelihoods in Smallholder Systems (SAMPLES)...

  16. Kenya-Bringing a Range of Supported Mitigation Activities in...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Website http:www.ecn.nldocslibrary Program Start 2011 Program End 2014 Country Kenya Eastern Africa References ECN1 Ecofys2 Program Overview This project runs from...

  17. Essays on International Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cravino, Javier Pablo

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Italy Japan Kenya Korea Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania MalawiItaly Japan Kenya Korea Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Malawi

  18. National human resource development in the developing world: the Republic of Kazakhstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenzhegaranova, Madina

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was two-fold. The first was to explore, describe and define the emerging construct of Human Resource Development (HRD) in the Republic of Kazakhstan (RKZ). The second was to examine specific national contexts and associated...

  19. Trends of development of the methodical system of teaching physics in high schools of Kazakhstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerimbayev, N

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article examines trends in the development of methodical teaching of physics in high school the Republic of Kazakhstan with the information of the learning process. The article indicates the value of methodical teaching of physics in high school as one of the factors of increasing the level of education students, the formation of professional competence.

  20. Patterns of coalition formation by adult female baboons in Amboseli, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alberts, Susan C

    Patterns of coalition formation by adult female baboons in Amboseli, Kenya JOAN B. SILK*, SUSAN CDepartment of Biology, Duke University zInstitute for Primate Research, National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya x, in Amboseli, Kenya. There is a broad consensus that, when ecological conditions favour collective defence

  1. Horticultural marketing in Kenya: conduct and performance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mutoka, Dickson Teyie

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the U. S. A. and relate them to the situation in Kenya. 4. analyze the pricing efficiency in the sub-sector CHAPTER II THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK Narket Performance Good market performance of an industry involves a balance of progressiveness..., efficiency, equity and stability. This applies to any economic system, but different societies apply different priorities or weights to balance these concepts. In a market oriented economy, the general rules of market operations mainly influence...

  2. Kenya International Radio Observatory Joseph Otieno Malo, University of Nairobi,Joseph Otieno Malo, University of Nairobi,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenya International Radio Observatory (KIRO) Joseph Otieno Malo, University of Nairobi,Joseph Otieno Malo, University of Nairobi, KenyaKenya Bo Thide, Uppsala University, SwedenBo Thide, Uppsala.environmental, and communications research. Located in northern Kenya, on the geomagnetic equator,Located in northern Kenya

  3. HumanWildlife Interactions 5(1):58, Spring 2011 Use of illegal methods in Kenya's rural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Human­Wildlife Interactions 5(1):5­8, Spring 2011 Use of illegal methods in Kenya's rural.O. Box 5496-30100, Eldoret, Kenya nsifuna@ yahoo.com Key words: human­wildlife conflicts, Kenya Wildlife depredation in Laikipia, Kenya Kenya's Laikipia District is located on the equator in the central part

  4. Structural style of the Turkana Rift, Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dunkelman, T.J.; Karson, J.A.; Rosendahl, B.R.

    1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Multifold seismic reflection and geologic mapping in part of the eastern branch of the East African Rift system of northern Kenya reveal a major rift structure containing at least 3 km of Neogene sediment fill beneath Lake Turkana. This includes a series of half-graben basins, with centrally located quaternary volcanic centers, which are linked end-to-end by structural accommodation zones. Whereas the geometry of rifting is similar to that of the nonvolcanic western branch of the East African Rift system, the Turkana half-grabens are much smaller and may reflect extension of a thinner lithosphere or development of more closely spaced fracture patterns during rift evolution, or both.

  5. Kenya's forests: going up in smoke

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burnett, G.W.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Closed forest and commercially valuable woodland account for at most 11,406 square miles in Kenya (about 5.2% of the country's area). Plantation forests, mainly of exotic conifers, cover more than 550 square miles, and it is hoped that exotic plantation species will entirely replace dependence on the indigenous forests for pulp, sawn timber and other roundwood. However, reliance on charcoal as a fuel has led to widespread deforestation, particularly along highways and within 20 miles of towns and major villages. Deforestation is likely to increase with increasing population pressure.

  6. Kenya SWERA-Country Report.pdf

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtelInteriasIowa:Washington: Energy Resources JumpKentwood,Becoming aKENYA

  7. Transnational movements, human rights and democracy : legal mobilization strategies and majoritarian constraints in Kenya, 1982-2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feeley, Maureen Catherine

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    contribut[ing] to [a] quantum leap in democracy” in Kenya. 3and “contributed to [a] quantum leap in democracy” in Kenya.

  8. United States-Republic of Korea (ROK) International Nuclear Energy...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    United States-Republic of Korea (ROK) International Nuclear Energy Research Initiative (INERI) Annual Steering Committee Meeting United States-Republic of Korea (ROK) International...

  9. Korea's Green Growth Strategy: Mitigating Climate Change and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Korea's Green Growth Strategy: Mitigating Climate Change and Developing New Growth Engines Jump to: navigation, search Name Korea's Green Growth Strategy: Mitigating Climate Change...

  10. Sunpower Korea | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries PvtStratosolar Jump to: navigation,SunElectraSunnyside, Oregon:Sunol,Sunpower Korea

  11. Prospects for grid-connected solar PV in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Amy Michelle

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kenya's electric power system is heavily reliant on hydropower, leaving it vulnerable during recurring droughts. Supply shortfalls are currently met through the use of expensive leased diesel generation. Therefore, plans ...

  12. Transaction Networks: Evidence from Mobile Money in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jack, William

    Mobile money allows households in Kenya to spread risk more efficiently. In this paper we show that these efficiencies are achieved through deeper financial integration and expanded informal networks. Active networks are ...

  13. ENERGY DEMAND AND CONSERVATION IN KENYA: INITIAL APPRAISAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and commercial uses" of oil products as given by the 1978as net i.mports of oil products. Electric power productionfrom Kenya is refined oil products, energy for which is

  14. 11406. Proposed by A. A. Dzhumadil'daeva, Almaty, Republics Physics and Mathematics School, Almaty, Kazakhstan. Let n!! denote the product of all positive integers not greter than n and congruent to n mod 2,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heckman, Christopher Carl

    , Kazakhstan. Let n!! denote the product of all positive integers not greter than n and congruent to n mod 2

  15. Improved age control on early Homo fossils from the upper Burgi Member at Koobi Fora, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Improved age control on early Homo fossils from the upper Burgi Member at Koobi Fora, Kenya in Areas 105 and 131 on the Karari Ridge in the eastern Turkana Basin (Kenya). We identify the base

  16. Commentary on the Kenya Constitution (consolidation of 15 articles in the East African Standard)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    Commentary on the Kenya Constitution (consolidation of 15 articles in the East African Standard) I in Kenya's history that the people will participate in a referendum. This is to be welcomed. A referendum

  17. Improved age control on early Homo fossils from the upper Burgi Member at Koobi Fora, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Improved age control on early Homo fossils from the upper Burgi Member at Koobi Fora, Kenya in Areas 105 and 131 on the Karari Ridge in the eastern Turkana Basin (Kenya). We identify the base

  18. A Resource Kit for Participatory Socio-technical Design in Rural Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Sriram

    A Resource Kit for Participatory Socio-technical Design in Rural Kenya Abstract We describe our, initially in two rural villages in Kenya. Mobile technologies are employed to bridge remote sensor networks

  19. Lessons Learned and Forgotten: The International Community and Electoral Conflict Management in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xia, Xuhua

    in Kenya Stephen Brown Associate Professor School of Political Studies University of Ottawa brownGill-Queen's University Press, 2011, pp. 127-43. #12;1 The link between elections and violence in Kenya is quite different the role of "loyal" opposition and try once again to win the vote in the next elections. In Kenya

  20. SEARCHING FOR SUSTAINABILITY: KENYA'S ENERGY PAST AND FUTURE, NOVEMBER 2006 SEARCHING FOR SUSTAINABILITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    SEARCHING FOR SUSTAINABILITY: KENYA'S ENERGY PAST AND FUTURE, NOVEMBER 2006 1 SEARCHING FOR SUSTAINABILITY KENYA'S ENERGY PAST AND FUTURE BY ROB BAILIS, CHARLES KIRUBI AND ARNE JACOBSON SEARCHING exceeds that of fossil fuels [7], but the starting point 25 years ago was miniscule. Kenya has benefited

  1. To identify tickborne viruses circulating in Kenya and the surrounding region, we conducted surveillance at abat-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, David

    To identify tickborne viruses circulating in Kenya and the surrounding region, we conducted surveillance at abat- toirs in Nairobi, Kenya. Species of ticks collected included Rhipicephalus pulchellus (56 the abundance of tick- borne arboviruses in Kenya and the surrounding region, we collected and tested ticks

  2. Magnetotelluric images of the crustal structure of Chyulu Hills volcanic field, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meju, Max

    Magnetotelluric images of the crustal structure of Chyulu Hills volcanic field, Kenya V. Sakkas volcanic chain on the eastern flank of the Kenya Rift in East Africa. Transient electromagnetic (TEM flank of the Kenya Rift deduced from wide-angle P-wave data. In: Fuchs, K., Altherr, R., Muller, B

  3. Last updated 6 May 2011 Kenya: Balazs Szendroi, University of Oxford, UK, and the Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Last updated 6 May 2011 Kenya: Balazs Szendroi, University of Oxford, UK, and the Department of Mathematics and Applied Statistics, Maseno University, Kenya Contacts: Professor John Ogonji (Dean), Professor, Kenya, NETwork. The following sessions were held during the course of the visit. (i) Five talks

  4. Dramatic change in local climate patterns in the Amboseli basin, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alberts, Susan C

    Dramatic change in local climate patterns in the Amboseli basin, Kenya J. Altmann1,2,3,Ă? , S. C Institute of Primate Research, National Museums of Kenya; 4 Department of Biology, Duke University, Box Kenya, has experienced extensive changes in habitat since the early 1960's. The present report docu

  5. Deep sequencing reveals extensive variation in the gut microbiota of wild mosquitoes from Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiggins, Francis

    Deep sequencing reveals extensive variation in the gut microbiota of wild mosquitoes from Kenya J of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3EH, UK, Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI), Centre for Geographic Medicine Research, Coast, P.O. Box 428, Kilifi 80108, Kenya Abstract The mosquito midgut

  6. IT Education and Workforce Participation: A New Era for Women in Kenya?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kvasny, Lynette

    IT Education and Workforce Participation: A New Era for Women in Kenya? Victor W. A. Mbarika, Ph.814.865.6426 Atieno Amadi, Ph.D. School of Commerce Jomo Kenyatta University of Arts and Technology Kenya Submitted to Participation: A New Era for Women in Kenya?1 Abstract "ICTs are important tools that provide the [Sub

  7. Working with Communities to Improve Dignity: The Case of Improved Bio-Centres in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Working with Communities to Improve Dignity: The Case of Improved Bio-Centres in Kenya George, to redress the attendant problems. Introduction As is the case in many developing nations, Kenya's urban for in article 184 (Government of Kenya [GOK], 2010) that has enabled subsequent legislation through an Act

  8. Partial Cranium of Cercopithecoides kimeui Leakey, 1982 From Rawi Gully, Southwestern Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plummer, Thomas

    Partial Cranium of Cercopithecoides kimeui Leakey, 1982 From Rawi Gully, Southwestern Kenya Stephen The Rawi Gully, located on the Homa Peninsula in southwestern Kenya, has produced several fossil elements habitat than the other occurrences of C. kimeui at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, and Koobi Fora, Kenya

  9. Learning to Export: Building farmers' capabilities through partnerships in Kenya LEARNING TO EXPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Learning to Export: Building farmers' capabilities through partnerships in Kenya Bolo, M.O LEARNING TO EXPORT: BUILDING FARMERS' CAPABILITIES THROUGH PARTNERSHIPS IN KENYA'S FLOWER INDUSTRY Maurice Ochieng in volume, value and acreage of cut flowers in Kenya ­ largely from large scale growers. In order to improve

  10. The central Kenya peralkaline province: Insights into the evolution of peralkaline salic magmas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    The central Kenya peralkaline province: Insights into the evolution of peralkaline salic magmas Ra rue de la Férollerie, 45071 Orléans cedex 2, France Abstract The central Kenya peralkaline processes is summarized. Keywords: Kenya; Petrogenesis; Peralkaline magmas 1. Introduction In the central

  11. Inversion tectonics during continental rifting: The Turkana Cenozoic rifted zone, northern Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brest, Université de

    Inversion tectonics during continental rifting: The Turkana Cenozoic rifted zone, northern Kenya B of inverted deformation within Miocene-Recent basins of the Turkana rift (northern Kenya) in the eastern: The Turkana Cenozoic rifted zone, northern Kenya, Tectonics, 24, TC2002, doi:10.1029/2004TC001637. 1

  12. How Technology Supports Family Communication in Rural, Suburban, and Urban Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    How Technology Supports Family Communication in Rural, Suburban, and Urban Kenya Erick Oduor1 communicate both within and between rural, suburban, and urban settings in Kenya. Our findings reveal the challenges that designers will face if creating or deploying family communication technologies in Kenya. ACM

  13. MINISTERE DES AFFAIRES ETRANGERES ET EUROPEENNES AMBASSADE DE FRANCE AU KENYA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hélein, Frédéric - Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Université Paris 7

    1 MINISTERE DES AFFAIRES ETRANGERES ET EUROPEENNES AMBASSADE DE FRANCE AU KENYA FICHE CURIE ENSEIGNEMENT SUPERIEUR KENYA I. Organisation de l'enseignement supérieur a. Management de l'enseignement technique Le Kenya compte de nombreuses institutions d'enseignement technique qui offrent en 1 à 4 ans des

  14. Sedimentation and recent history of a freshwater wetland in a semi-arid environment: Loboi Swamp, Kenya, East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Kenya, East Africa G. M. ASHLEY*, J. MAITIMA MWORIA , A. M. MUASYAà, R. B. OWEN§, S. G. DRIESE­, V. C Livestock Research Institute, PO Box 30709, Nairobi, Kenya àEast African Herbarium, National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya §Department of Geography, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, China

  15. Definition of Non-Conventional Sulfur Utilization in Western Kazakhstan for Sulfur Concrete (Phase 1)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kalb, Paul

    2007-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Battelle received a contract from Agip-KCO, on behalf a consortium of international oil and gas companies with exploration rights in the North Caspian Sea, Kazakhstan. The objective of the work was to identify and help develop new techniques for sulfur concrete products from waste, by-product sulfur that will be generated in large quantitites as drilling operations begin in the near future. BNL has significant expertise in the development and use of sulfur concrete products and has direct experience collaborating with the Russian and Kazakh partners that participated. Feasibility testing was successfully conducted for a new process to produce cost-effective sulfur polymer cement that has broad commerical applications.

  16. A world-class challenge: Kazakhstan mega-project still looming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This issue of Energy Detente describes how one massive development plan has been scaled back for the moment, but which is destined to play a major role in the future -- no matter how the particulars of development evolve. Last month, Chevron downward adjusted its budget for the development of the Tengiz oil field in Kazakhstan. This article highlights the media attention that has been paid to the Former Soviet Union as a potential oil giant, which will increase further with Chevron`s recent decision.

  17. Treatability study on the use of by-product sulfur in Kazakhstan for the stabilization of hazardous and radioactive wastes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kalb, P.D.; Milian, L.W. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States). Environmental and Waste Technology Center; Yim, S.P. [Korea Atomic Energy Research Inst. (Korea, Republic of); Dyer, R.S.; Michaud, W.R. [Environmental Protection Agency (United States)

    1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Republic of Kazakhstan generates significant quantities of excess elemental sulfur from the production and refining of petroleum reserves. In addition, the country also produces hazardous, and radioactive wastes which require treatment/stabilization. In an effort to find secondary uses for the elemental sulfur, and simultaneously produce a material which could be used to encapsulate, and reduce the dispersion of harmful contaminants into the environment, BNL evaluated the use of the sulfur polymer cement (SPC) produced from by-product sulfur in Kazakhstan. This thermoplastic binder material forms a durable waste form with low leaching properties and is compatible with a wide range of waste types. Several hundred kilograms of Kazakhstan sulfur were shipped to the US and converted to SPC (by reaction with 5 wt% organic modifiers) for use in this study. A phosphogypsum sand waste generated in Kazakhstan during the purification of phosphate fertilizer was selected for treatment. Waste loadings of 40 wt% were easily achieved. Waste form performance testing included compressive strength, water immersion, and Accelerated Leach Testing.

  18. Treatability study on the use of by-product sulfur in Kazakhstan for the stabilization of hazardous and radioactive wastes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yim, Sung Paal; Kalb, P.D.; Milian, L.W.

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Republic of Kazakhstan generates significant quantities of excess sulfur from the production and refining of petroleum reserves. In addition, the country also produces hazardous, and radioactive wastes which require treatment/stabilization. In an effort to find secondary uses for the elemental sulfur, and simultaneously produce a material which could be used to encapsulate, and reduce the dispersion of harmful contaminants into the environment, BNL evaluated the use of the sulfur polymer cement (SPC) produced from by-product sulfur in Kazakhstan. This thermoplastic binder material forms a durable waste form with low leaching properties and is compatible with a wide range of waste types. Several hundred kilograms of Kazakhstan sulfur were shipped to the U.S. and converted to SPC (by reaction with 5 wt% organic modifiers) for use in this study. A phosphogypsum sand waste generated in Kazakhstan during the purification of phosphate fertilizer was selected for treatment. Waste loading of 40 wt% were easily achieved. Waste form performance testing included compressive strength, water immersion, and Accelerated Leach Testing. 14 refs., 7 figs., 6 tabs.

  19. Perspectives on the Present State and Future of Higher Education Faculty Development in Kazakhstan: Implications for National Human Resource Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seitova, Dinara T.

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    After the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 1990's Kazakhstan experienced a socio-economic transition from a socialist economy to a free market economy and was challenged with building a newly independent state. In pursuit of fulfilling...

  20. International diffusion practice : lessons from South Korea's New Village Movement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Jung Hwa, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research focuses on how South Korea's development model-namely, the Saemaul Undong, or the New Village Movement-is diffused internationally, in particular, to the developing country of Vietnam. South Korea's successful ...

  1. Wood, energy and households: Perspectives on rural Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barnes, C.; Ensminger, J.; O'Keefe, P.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book presents papers on the use of wood fuels in Kenya. Topics considered include domestic energy consumption, historical aspects, the Kenyan economy, ecology, supply and demand, forests, aspects of energy consumption in a pastoral ecosystem, estimation of present and future demand for wood fuels, and energy source development.

  2. The theoretical model of the design-advertising agency in Almaty, Kazakhstan, based on the experience of the same business in Austin, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rozenberg, Julia Alexeevna

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    STATEMENT Page Hypothesis. . . . . METHODOLOGY. Instruments . BACKGROUND. . . 10 Origins Soviet Union. Independent Country. Relations Between Russia and Kazakhstan. . 10 . 12 . 14 . 16 CURRENT CONDITIONS IN KAZAKHSTAN . . 18 NATIONAL CULTURE... on the management culture in the former Soviet Union and the affect of American management models on the Soviet Union. However, most of those studies were case analysis done in Russia. For example, Bollinger (1994) conducted a study examining the affect...

  3. "Who needs MacArthur?" : analyzing South Korea's counterinvasion capability against North Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung, Jonghyuk

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Assuming there is another North Korean invasion; could the South Koreans counterinvade North Korea and prevail even without the United States' assistance? This paper studies the possibility of a South Korean counterinvasion ...

  4. October 10th Daejeon Convention Center, KOREA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    alternative to overcome energy depletion and global warming is development of fusion energy. Fusion energy, Fusion research is aimed at demonstrating that this energy mechanism can be used to produce electricity built among global tokamak facilities, is a superconducting tokamak facility developed in Korea

  5. South Korea: Hi-Tech Mecca

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

    2005-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Broadcast Transcript: Greetings from South Korea, hi-tech Mecca. According to the San Francisco Chronicle, practically the entire country now has access to broadband speeds of up to 20 megabits per second. Compare that to a paltry 4 megabits per...

  6. Risky neighbors and co-ethnic groups : the political logic of fiscal grants in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeong, Jihyeon; Jeong, Jihyeon

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Myanmar (Burma), and Kyrgyzstan as well as stable statesKazakhstan, North Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal,ethnics in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. challenges. In order

  7. The alternative of Chinese aid in Africa : impacts of China's development strategy through Chinese aid, finance, and firms in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mullin, Deborah Wei

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the differences of Chinese and Western aid implementation and its effects in Africa though the case study of Chinese aid and finance for road development in Kenya. Today, Kenya receives tangible benefits ...

  8. How Beneficial is Tourism? An Analysis of the Economic Impact of Tourism in Il N'gwesi, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    How Beneficial is Tourism? An Analysis of the Economic Impact of Tourism in Il N'gwesi, Kenya of tourism in Il N'gwesi, Kenya. Il N'gwesi is a Maasai group ranch located near Mt. Kenya which is primarily

  9. Impact of monsoons, temperature, and CO2 on the rainfall and ecosystems of Mt. Kenya during the Common Era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vuille, Mathias

    Impact of monsoons, temperature, and CO2 on the rainfall and ecosystems of Mt. Kenya during Leaf waxes Glacial and early Holocene-age sediments from lakes on Mt. Kenya have documented strong and atmospheric CO2 concentra- tions. However, little is known about climate and ecosystem variations on Mt. Kenya

  10. the academy of sciences for the developing world tenable in developing countries such as Brazil, China, India, Kenya, Malaysia, Mexico,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    , China, India, Kenya, Malaysia, Mexico, Pakistan and Thailand for scientists from developing countries year Age limit: 30 TWAS-icipe Fellowships for Postgraduate Research in Kenya The International Centre (other than Kenya) who wish to obtain a PhD in the natural sciences, especially focusing on integrated

  11. Department of Mechanical Engineering Spring 2010 Kenya Water Well Drill Rig Redesign of Engine Drive Train System & Support Tower

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demirel, Melik C.

    PENNSTATE Department of Mechanical Engineering Spring 2010 Kenya Water Well Drill Rig ­ Redesign the engine drive train system and support structure for a water drill rig to be used in Kenya. The original not replicable in Kenya. The original support structure also had design flaws as it failed during operation

  12. Re-Placing Faith: Reconsidering the Secular-Religious Use Divide in the United States and Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aoki, Paul M.

    Re-Placing Faith: Reconsidering the Secular-Religious Use Divide in the United States and Kenya in urban centers in the United States and Kenya. The contributions of this work for the CHI/CSCW community countries, including key "emerging markets" such as Brazil, Nigeria and Kenya, the recent growth

  13. Development and transfer of conservation agriculture production systems (CAPS) for small-holder farms in eastern Uganda and western Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norton, Jay B.

    -holder farms in eastern Uganda and western Kenya A proposal submitted to the SANREM CRSP Phase IV Long University, P.O. Box 1125 - 30100 Eldoret, Kenya Email: rokalebo@yahoo.com Tel: +254-(0)53-2063160 Fax: +254-00200 Nairobi, Kenya Email: emukhwan@uwyo.edu Tel: 307-460-1520 Fax: 307-766-6403 Emmanuel Omondi, Director

  14. Sugarcane and agroforestry farming in western Kenya A comparative study of different farming systems in the Nyando district

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sugarcane and agroforestry farming in western Kenya A comparative study of different farming of Agricultural Sciences #12;2 Sugarcane and agroforestry farming in western Kenya - A comparative study.) intercropped with food crops in an agroforestry system, Kopere, Kenya. Photo: Ida Lindell Keywords

  15. Exploring the Potential Impact of Reforestation on the Hydrology of the Upper Tana River Catchment and the Masinga Dam, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catchment and the Masinga Dam, Kenya Jennifer Jacobs, Jay Angerer, Jeff Vitale Raghavan Srinivasan, Robert of the most critical resource areas of Kenya. The Masinga Reservoir, at the outlet of the basin, provides, collaborating technical policy analysts working for key government institutions in Kenya identified the need

  16. Phase equilibrium constraints on the production and storage of peralkaline silicic magmas: insights from Kenya and Pantelleria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    from Kenya and Pantelleria Bruno Scaillet : ISTO-CNRS, Orleans, France; bscaille@cnrs-orleans.fr Ray of the Kenya Rift Valley. There, a partial melting of crustal protoliths has been advocated on the basis from two key localities: one in Kenya, the Olkaria volcanic field near Naivasha lake, and one in Italy

  17. The habitat use and selection of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) in a land use landscape in Kenya, Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, Andrew J.

    in Kenya, Africa Ashley Coe Ashley Coe (Corresponding author) Montana State University Bozeman, MT Email) to examine how land use and cover types affect the distribution of African elephants in Kenya (2, Kenya had approximately 23,353 ­ 31,636 individuals (Blanc 2007); mainly, savannah African elephants

  18. Community Perceptions and Priorities for Managing Water and Environmental Resources in the River Njoro Watershed in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Njoro Watershed in Kenya M. W. Jenkins1 , F. K. Lelo2 , L.W. Chiuri2 , W. A. Shivoga2 and S. N. Miller3, respectively, in Environmental Science, Egerton University, Njoro, Kenya; Tel (+254) 51 62085, emails: lelo@uwyo.edu Abstract The Njoro Watershed, typical of the semi-arid basins in the Rift Valley of Kenya, is undergoing

  19. Energy System Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Energy System Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya By Katherine Deaton Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya Energy System Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power in Kenya by Katherine Steel Submitted to the Engineering Systems Division

  20. Evolutionary sequences and hydrocarbon potential of Kenya sedimentary basins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cregg, A.K. (Western Atlas International, Inc., Carrollton, TX (United States))

    1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kenya basins have evolved primarily through extension related to episodic continental rifting. In eastern Kenya, thick accumulations of sediments formed within grabens during the prerift phase (Precambrian to Carboniferous) of the Gondwana breakup. Synrift sedimentation (Late Carboniferous to Middle Jurassic) occurred within a north-south rift system, which included the Mandera basin, South Anza basin, and Lamu embayment. During the Early Jurassic, a marine transgression invaded the margins of the eastern Kenya rift basins, resulting in the deposition of platform carbonates and shales. A Callovian-aged salt basin formed in the offshore regions of the Lamu embayment. Intermittent tectonic activity and eustatic sea-level changes controlled sedimentation, which produced marine shales, carbonates or evaporites, and fluvio-deltaic to lacustrine sandstones. From the Early Cretaceous to recent, continental sediments were deposited within the North Anza and Turkana basins. These fluvial-lacustrine sediments are similar to the Lower Cretaceous sequences that have produced oil in the Mesozoic Sudanese Abu Gabra rift. Although exploration activities began in the early 1950s, significant occurrences of potential reservoir, source, and seal lithologies as well as trapping configurations remain in many areas. Favorable structures and sequences of reservoir sandstones and carbonates overlain by potentially sealing lacustrine or marine shales, evaporites, or volcanics have been noted. Potential source beds are believed to be present within shales of the lacustrine or marine depositional environments.

  1. Community-Based Electric Micro-Grids Can Contribute to Rural Development: Evidence from Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    an ability to charge and enforce cost-reflective tariffs and when electricity consumption is closely linked and distribute electricity in rural areas (Government of Kenya, 2006). As an incentive measure, systems below 3Community-Based Electric Micro-Grids Can Contribute to Rural Development: Evidence from Kenya

  2. area korea implications: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    time resolved measurements: a PSCF model in Seoul, Korea were estimated with potential source contribution function (PSCF) calculations measured from April 2007 to March 2008 in...

  3. Use and analysis of new optimization techniques for decision theory and data mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moreno Centeno, Erick

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dom. Rep. Dom. Rep. Dom. Rep. Kazakhstan Dom. Rep. Czech RepRussia Russia Russia Russia Kazakhstan Dom. Rep. Costa RicaBB- Ba3 Uruguay BBB- Kazakhstan B+ Ba3 Venezuela B Korea Rep

  4. The theoretical model of the design-advertising agency in Almaty, Kazakhstan, based on the experience of the same business in Austin, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rozenberg, Julia Alexeevna

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    31. 2 65. 9 29. 4 64. 2 41. 3 25. 4 45. 3 27. 3 50. 2 29. 1 N. Kazakhstan 63, 4 62. 1 61. 7 16. 6 18. 7 19. 5 Adopted from Chinn, J. & Kaiser, R. 1996 The breakup of the USSR and the collapse of demand for Kazakhstan's traditional heavy.... Short-Tenn Orientation vs. Long-Term Orientation. . Implications . 29 . 30 . 31 . 32 . 33 34 . . . . 34 . . . . 36 CASE ANALYSIS OF EXISTING ADVERTISING AGENCIES(COMMON FACTORS) . . . . 37 Market . Operational Strategies . . 39 . 40 Page...

  5. Korea Solar Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMALTexas: Energy ResourcesKooskia,Korea Solar Inc

  6. SolarWorld Korea | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk, NewSingapore Jump to:VoltaicSolarProSolarWorks NJ Jump to:Korea

  7. Korea District Heating Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou New EnergyKenosistecKilaraKoRentaKorchip CorpKorea

  8. Korea Power Exchange (KPX) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKorea Parts and Fasteners KPF Plextronics JVKPX)

  9. Bagasse-based cogeneration projects in Kenya. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kenda, W.; Shrivastava, V.K.

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A Definitional Mission team evaluated the prospects of the US Trade and Development Program (TDP) funding a feasibility study that would assist the Government of Kenya in developing power cogeneration plants in three Kenyan sugar factories and possibly two more that are now in the planning stage or construction. The major Kenyan sugar producing region around Kisumu, on Lake Victoria has climatic conditions that permit cane growing operations ideally suitable for cogeneration of power in sugar factories. The total potentially available capacity from the proposed rehabilitation of the three mills will be approximately 25.15 MW, or 5.7 percent of total electricity production.

  10. Intermittent upwelling of asthenosphere beneath the Gregory Rift, Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tatsumi, Yoshiyuki (Univ. of Tasmania (Australia) Kyoto Univ. (Japan)); Kimura, Nobukazu (Kyoto Univ. (Japan)); Itaya, Tetsumaru (Okayama Univ. of Science (Japan)); Koyaguchi, Takehiro (Kumamoto Univ. (Japan)); Suwa, Kanenori (Nagoya Univ. (Japan))

    1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    K-Ar dates and chemical compositions of basalts in the Gregory Rift, Kenya, demonstrate marked secular variation of lava chemistry. Two magmatic cycles characterized by incompatible element relative depletion are recognized; both occurring immediately after the peak of basaltic volcanism and coeval with both trachyte/phonolite volcanism and domal uplift of the region. These cycles may be attributed to increasing degree of partial melting of mantle source material in association with thinning of the lithosphere by thermal erosion through contact with hot upwelling asthenospheric mantle. Cyclic variation in asthenosphere upwelling may be considered an important controlling process in the evolution of the Gregory Rift.

  11. New geothermal power plants in Azores and Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tahara, M.

    1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two geothermal power plants were recently completed. One is 3 MW unit in Azores and another is 15 MW unit in Kenya. Both plants have very simple construction. For Azores, a packaged portable turbine generator is adopted to save the cost and installation term. 15 MW Olkaria plant which is adopted single flash cycle has produced first electricity by the geothermal energy in Africa. This turbine generator has been installed on a steel foundation. Special site conditions have been taken into consideration and both plants are successfully running with certification of the suitable design concept.

  12. Kenya geothermal private power project: A prefeasibility study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Twenty-eight geothermal areas in Kenya were evaluated and prioritized for development. The prioritization was based on the potential size, resource temperature, level of exploration risk, location, and exploration/development costs for each geothermal area. Suswa, Eburru and Arus are found to offer the best short-term prospects for successful private power development. It was found that cost per kill developed are significantly lower for the larger (50MW) than for smaller-sized (10 or 20 NW) projects. In addition to plant size, the cost per kill developed is seen to be a function of resource temperature, generation mode (binary or flash cycle) and transmission distance.

  13. Microsoft Word - Kenya_10km_solar_country_report.doc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville, Ohio:Menomonee| OpenMickey HotVII, Cologne, Germany, 29 June -ofKenya

  14. Feasibility study for bagasse congeneration in Kenya. Final report. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The study was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of Kenya's Ministry of Agriculture. The purpose of the report is to determine the economic, technical, and financial viability of implementing bagasse based cogeneration projects in Kenya. The study is divided into the following sections: (1) Executive Summary, (2) Terms of Reference, (3) Bagasse Fuel for Generation, (4) The Electrical Power Situation in Kenya, (5) Export Electricity Potential from Nyando Sugar Belt, (6) Export Potential from Proposed New Sugar Factories; (7) Financial, (8) Project Financing, (9) Demonstration Project.

  15. Korea-Australia Rheology Journal December 2010 Vol. 22, No. 4 331 Korea-Australia Rheology Journal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Korea-Australia Rheology Journal December 2010 Vol. 22, No. 4 331 Korea-Australia Rheology Journal visco- capillary balance that can be fitted with 0-D Newtonian and power law models. The onset in a power-law regime resembles in a log-lin representation the shape of an exponential thinning regime

  16. Multiple Social Interaction and Reproductive Externalities: An Investigation of Fertility Behaviour in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iyer, Sriya; Weeks, Melvyn

    2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper examines the impact of reproductive externalities on fertility behaviour in Kenya by quantifying the effects of group membership on the number of children born. We focus on the identification of structural forms of social interaction...

  17. Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) AgencyCompany...

  18. Living Technology and Development: Agricultural Biotechnology and Civil Society in Kenya 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harsh, Matthew

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines relationships between science and technology and development, as dened and manifested by non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in Kenya whose work involves agricultural biotechnologies. Non-governmental ...

  19. Safe water storage in Kenya's modified clay pot : standardization, tap design, and cost recovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, Suzanne E

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the main components necessary for providing safe drinking water for users who lack piped water in the home is the ability to safely store it in the home. Users in the Nyanza Province of Kenya frequently carry water ...

  20. Rethinking the Role of Dominant Paradigms in Kenya's Development Experience, 1963-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Makana, Nicholas E.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    dcvelopment in Kenya. At dle level of dleory, il rejectedand the de-regulation of dle economy in order to encourageprice indices for dle period 1980-1984 demol1strare dmt free

  1. Energy system development in Africa : the case of grid and off-grid power in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steel, Katherine Deaton

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research used a combination of a grounded theory approach and system dynamics to study the electric power system in Kenya and to model the feedback at work in the development of the system. The ethnographic study ...

  2. Market Trial: Selling Off-Grid Lighting Products in Rural Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tracy, Jennifer

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2007) “The Off-Grid Lighting Market in Western Kenya: LEDMills (2008) “Solid-State Lighting on a Shoestring Budget:The Economics of Off-Grid Lighting for Small Business in

  3. Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, Meredydd; McJeon, Haewon C.; Shui, Bin; Lee, Seung Eon

    2009-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Korea, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, and lighting) for commercial buildings in Korea.

  4. Influence of browse availability on goat diets in an Acacia senagal savannah of South-Central Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamau, Peter Njenga

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -November) at Kiboko, Kenya, 1982 53 9 Monthly selection order across all canopy treatments of species found in diets of goats grazing an Acacia eenega7. savannah at Kiboko, Kenya, 1982 . 56 LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1 Location of the National Range Research... to 1980 the population of Kenya rose from 8 million to 15, 8 million. Rangelands will become more important as alternative areas to supply surplus food needed to feed the nation. The savannahs of south-central Kenya exhibi t a wide ar ray of bush...

  5. Protesting America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moon, Katharine H. S.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Turkey, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan as well as South Korea into Kaiserslautern, Germany; to Kyrgyzstan, which houses the

  6. In this study I explore the relationship between modern energy and economically productive activities in rural Kenya. Research is based on surveys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    productive activities in rural Kenya. Research is based on surveys done in Mpeketoni Village in Summer 2005-enterprises----- 3.3 Current rural electrification status and policy in Kenya--------------- 3.4 Key findings

  7. Image, Incorporated : a study of securities buildings in Seoul, Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Ji-in

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study deals with the images of corporate high-rises in Seoul, Korea, the main city of a rapidly growing industrial nation. The questions explored concern mainly the images of office high-rises. Five multi-story ...

  8. An assessment of North Korea's nuclear weapons capabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sivels, Ciara (Ciara Brooke)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In February of 2013, North Korea conducted its third nuclear weapons test. Speculations are that this test was conducted to further develop a warhead small enough to fit on an intercontinental ballistic missile. This test ...

  9. Delivered by Ingenta to: Korea Institute for Special Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hwang, Sung Woo

    Delivered by Ingenta to: Korea Institute for Special Education IP : 163.152.33.136 Tue, 04 Oct 2011 utilized the quantum resistance and the kinetic inductance to analyze the RF characteris- tics of a two

  10. Solar electricity for Africa: The case of Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Plas, R.J. van der

    1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents results of two recent World Bank efforts made in Kenya, Niger, and Cameroon to study the impact of two different renewable projects, one a Micro-Lights program involving about 500 lanterns and the second a survey of 410 households using solar electricity systems. The Micro-Lights program showed that users have distinct preferences in the style of the lamps, that they are willing to spend cash, and that they demand good quality. They may be initially satisfied, but rapidly want more from their purchases. The photoelectric system survey touched less than 1% of such households, and looked at user education, system size, satisfaction, expectations, age of system, appliances, and expectations.

  11. Attitudes and perceptions of urban households in sub-Saharan Africa on water sources, threats and sustainability: A study in Bondo, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    , threats and sustainability: A study in Bondo, Kenya Daniel M Nzengya School of Sustainability, Arizona growth is already happening in most of Kenya's cities and towns. In the Lake Victoria region, increasing the danger of water- and sanitation-related diseases. A survey was conducted in Bondo town, Kenya

  12. The Cleveland MuseuM of naTural hisTorY nuMber 56 GEOLOGY AND PALEONTOLOGY OF LEMUDONG'O, KENYA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hlusko, Leslea J.

    The Cleveland MuseuM of naTural hisTorY nuMber 56 GEOLOGY AND PALEONTOLOGY OF LEMUDONG'O, KENYA HISTORY OF PALEONTOLOGICAL RESEARCH IN THE NAROK DISTRICT OF KENYA 1 Stanley H. Ambrose, Mwanzia David, A LATE MIOCENE TERRESTRIAL FOSSIL SITE IN SOUTHERN KENYA 38 Stanley H. Ambrose, Christopher J. Bell

  13. 2011 Korean Government Scholarship Program Guideline for International Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auckland, University of

    Taipei, Belgium, Cambodia, Bangladesh, Bulgaria, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Malaysia, Mexico, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, New Zealand, Nigeria, Panama, Peru, Poland, Republic of South Africa, Romania

  14. Economic Considerations of Nuclear Desalination in Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Man-Ki, Lee; Seung-Su, Kim [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, 150, Deok-jin dong, Yu-seong gu, Dae-jeon city (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this study is to assess the economics of SMART (System-integrated Modular Advanced Reactor) desalination plant in Korea through DEEP (Devaluation Economic Evaluation Program). SMART is mainly designed for the dual purpose of producing water and electricity with the total capacity of 100 MWe which 10 MWe is used for water production and the remains for the electric generation. SMART desalination plant using MED (Multi-Effect Distillation) process is in the stage of the commercial development and its cost information is also being accumulated. In this circumstances, the economic assessment of nuclear desalination by SMART and the effect of water(or electric) supply price to the regional economy is meaningful to the policy maker. This study is focused on the case study analysis about the economics of SMART desalination plant and the meanings of the case study result. This study is composed of two parts. One is prepared to survey the methodology regarding cost allocation between electricity and water in DEEP and the other is for the economic assessment of SMART. The cost allocation methods that have been proposed or used can be classified into two main groups, one is the cost prorating method and the other is the credit method. The cost of an product item in the dual-purpose plant can be determined differently depending on the costing methods adopted. When it comes to applying credit method adopted in this thesis, the production cost of water depends on what kind of the power cost will be chosen in calculating the power credit. This study also analyses the changes of nuclear desalination economics according to the changes of the important factors such as fossil fuel price. I wish that this study can afford to give an insight to the policy maker about SMART desalination plant. (authors)

  15. LEDS GP Success Story: Fostering Coordinated LEDS Support in Kenya (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The LEDS Global Partnership (LEDS GP) strives to advance climate-resilient, low-emission development through catalyzing collaboration, information exchange, and action on the ground. The Government of Kenya is a key LEDS GP member and offers an inspiring example of how LEDS GP is having an impact globally. The 2012 LEDS Collaboration in Action workshop in London provided an interactive space for members to share experiences on cross-ministerial LEDS leadership and to learn about concrete development impacts of LEDS around the world. Inspired by these stories, the Kenya's Ministry of State for Planning, National Development and Vision 2030 (MPND) began to collaborate closely with the Ministry of Environment and Mineral Resources to create strong links between climate change action and development in the country, culminating in the integration of Kenya's National Climate Change Action Plan and the country's Medium Term Development Plan.

  16. Transnational Circulations of "Laban" Methods: Gender, Power Relations, and Negotiated Meanings in Early Twenty-First Century South Korea's Modernity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hwang, Hye-Won

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    economic globalization extends the economy beyond thein the economy during South Korea’s globalization process,globalization, which conforms to the world economy order and

  17. Electricity privatization : should South Korea privatize its state-owned electric utility?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Sungmin

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The state-owned electric utility, Korea Electricity Power Cooperation (KEPCO), privatization has been a key word in South Korea since 1997, when the government received $55 billion from the International Monetary Fund in ...

  18. Korea workshop, Feb 2005 FT-IETS and Bosonic Function in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;Korea workshop, Feb 2005 PRB, sept 2003 #12;Korea workshop, Feb 2005 Selfconsistent solution 14.0,/1~For - = JN JNeVN For relative change compared to d-wave DOS effect is few percent PRB 68

  19. Jour. Petrol. Soc. Korea Vol. 21, No. 2, p. 229~241, 2012 (LPO)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jung, Haemyeong

    Jour. Petrol. Soc. Korea Vol. 21, No. 2, p. 229~241, 2012 229 (LPO) * Rock Deformation@snu.ac.kr #12;230 J. Petrol. Soc. Korea Kohlstedt, 2000; Zhang and Karato, 1995

  20. Country hedging for real income stabilization: a case study of South Korea and Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordon, Kathryn M.; Rausser, Gordon C.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It Manageable in the Case of Egypt?" Journal of Modeling, 2:S1UDY OF SOUIH KOREA AND EGYPT by Kathryn M. llirdon andSTUDY OF SOUTII KOREA AND EGYPT* By Kathryn M. Gordon and

  1. The diversity, distribution and feeding behavior of solifuges (arachnida; solifugae) in Kenya.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddick, Kristie Lynn

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    spent along the Sudan/Ugandan border in Lokichoggio Township, northwestern Kenya. 16 Sites were chosen based on the high percentage of arid/semi-arid lands and reflect as many different habitats in southern Kenya as possible. Sampling took place... over a six month period but solifuges were only collected over a period of approximately 3.5 months, from 28.V.2006-8.VI.2006 and 11.II.2007- 13.V.2007 from 8 different localities: Arabuko Sokoke Forest, Kimana Township, Lake Baringo National...

  2. Turkana Grits - a Cretaceous braided alluvial system in northern Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Handford, C.R.

    1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rather spotty but excellent exposures of the Cretaceous-age Turkana Grits occur near the western shore of Lake Turkana, northern Kenya. These very coarse to pebbly arkosic sandstones and sandy conglomerates were derived from and rest unconformably upon Precambrian metamorphic basement; they are overlain by late Tertiary basaltic flows that comprise much of the volcanics in the East African Rift Zone. The formation ranges up to 2000 ft thick in the Laburr Range. Several outcrops contain sauropod, crocodile, and tortoise remains as well as abundant trunks of petrified wood (Dryoxylon). Five major facies make up the Turkana Grits and record a major episode of continental fluvial deposition in basins flanked by Precambrian basement. Facies 1 is crudely stratified, cobble and boulder conglomerate (clast-supported); Facies 2 is crudely stratified pebble-cobble conglomerate and pebbly sandstone; Facies 3 is trough cross-bedded, very coarse sandstones containing fossils wood and vertebrate remains; Facies 4 is crudely stratified to massive sandstones with ironstone nodules; and Facies 5 is red, purple, and gray mudstone and mud shale with carbonate nodules. Facies 1 through 3 record deposition in proximal to medial braided-stream channel, longitudinal bar and dune complexes. Facies 4 is a lowland, hydromorphic paleosol, and Facies 5 represents overbank and abandoned channel-fill sedimentation in an alluvial plain.

  3. Public participation in and learning through SEA in Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, Heidi, E-mail: heidi.mwalker@yahoo.ca [Natural Resources Institute, University of Manitoba, 303-70 Dysart Road, Winnipeg R3T 2M6 (Canada)] [Natural Resources Institute, University of Manitoba, 303-70 Dysart Road, Winnipeg R3T 2M6 (Canada); Sinclair, A. John, E-mail: john.sinclair@ad.umanitoba.ca [Natural Resources Institute, University of Manitoba, 303-70 Dysart Road, Winnipeg R3T 2M6 (Canada); Spaling, Harry, E-mail: harry.spaling@kingsu.ca [Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, The King's University College, 9125-50 Street, Edmonton, Alberta T6B 2H3 (Canada)] [Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, The King's University College, 9125-50 Street, Edmonton, Alberta T6B 2H3 (Canada)

    2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Meaningful public engagement is a challenging, but promising, feature of strategic environmental assessment (SEA) due to its potential for integrating sustainability principles into policies, plans and programs in developing countries such as Kenya. This research examined two selected SEA case studies to identify the extent of participation, learning outcomes attributable to participation, and if any learning outcomes led to social action for sustainability at the community level. Strengths across the two cases were the inclusion of marginalized populations and consideration of socio-economic concerns. Consistent weaknesses included inadequate notice, document inaccessibility, lack of feedback and communication, and late analysis of alternatives. Despite some learning conditions being unfulfilled, examples of instrumental, communicative, and transformative learning were identified through a focus group and semi-structured interviews with community participants and public officials. Some of these learning outcomes led to individual and social actions that contribute to sustainability. -- Highlights: • The strengths and weaknesses of Kenyan SEA public participation processes were identified. • Multiple deficiencies in the SEA process likely frustrate meaningful public engagement. • Participant learning was observed despite process weaknesses. • Participant learning can lead to action for sustainability at the community level.

  4. Impacts of rural energy costs and availabilities in Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jama, M.A.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study sought to examine energy-consumption patterns in a cross section of rural households in Kenya and to analyze how these use patterns relate to socio-economic, demographic, institutional, and energy market factors. The models specified were demands for fuelwood, charcoal, kerosene, commercial heat energy, and aggregate energy. For fuelwood, a probit analysis was utilized to determine the conditional probability of fuelwood consumption and a least-squares regression to determine quantity consumed. Ordinary regression was used to estimate demand for the other fuels. The research indicates that household incomes, family size, improved ceramic stoves, other fuels, and occupation are the most influential variables on consumption of various fuels. The quantities of fuelwood, charcoal, and kerosene consumed are not very responsive to changes in income. Aggregate energy is income-inelastic and a normal good, while woodfuel and kerosene are inferior products. The model indicates that redirection of a 10% increase in income, so that only the low-income households benefit, would cause only a small, 1% increase in fuelwood consumption.

  5. Korea Iron Steel Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou New EnergyKenosistecKilaraKoRentaKorchipKoreaKorea

  6. Korea Rural Community Corp KRC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKorea Parts and Fasteners KPF PlextronicsKorea

  7. Transactions of the Korean Nuclear Society Autumn Meeting Pyeongchang, Korea, October 30-31, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    author: jsjj0728@konkuk.ac.kr 1. Introduction Safety of software in critical systems, such as nuclearTransactions of the Korean Nuclear Society Autumn Meeting Pyeongchang, Korea, October 30-31, 2014-Machine Interface System team Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon, Republic of Korea Corresponding

  8. Transactions of the Korean Nuclear Society Autumn Meeting Pyeongchang, Korea, October 30-31, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Transactions of the Korean Nuclear Society Autumn Meeting Pyeongchang, Korea, October 30-31, 2014 University, Seoul, 143-701, Korea b Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Deadeok-daero 989-111, Yuseong Controller) have been widely used to implement the safety-critical system such as RPSs (Reactor Protection

  9. South Korea Public Preferences for Genetically Modified Foods: a Random Parameter Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neimark, Alexander V.

    South Korea Public Preferences for Genetically Modified Foods: a Random Parameter Model Benjamin for Genetically Modified Foods: a Random Parameter Model Abstract Food biotechnology promises to deliver a wide foods for Southern Korea. #12;South Korea public Preferences for Genetically Modified Foods: a Random

  10. A Comparative Study of the Presidential Records Management between Taiwan and Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yih-Min

    69 A Comparative Study of the Presidential Records Management between Taiwan and Korea Yu political and historical development of Taiwan and of Korea. The management of presidential records countries. Through a comparison of the presidential records management between Taiwan and Korea

  11. 1 INTRODUCTION Korea has a long history of earthquakes. Earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spencer Jr., B.F.

    with the support of Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (KOSEF) and the Ministry of Construction-cycle cost. The life-cycle cost mainly consists of initial construction cost and damage cost estimated in the historic documents such as the Royal Chronicles of the Chosun Dynasty. Nevertheless the damage level caused

  12. Experience with improved charcoal and wood stoves for households and institutions in Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hyman, E.L.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Efforts at promoting more fuel-efficient charcoal stoves to replace traditional charcoal stoves in Kenya offer some lessons for the dissemination of appropriate technologies. This paper looks at the market-based approach which has made the Kenyan charcoal stoves project a success. Trends in woodfuels (wood and charcoal) consumption in Kenya are identified; the traditional technology for charcoal combustion and the upgraded traditional technologies are described; production achievement and the dissemination and promotion strategy used are examined; and a financial and economic analysis is performed with social, health and environmental effects assessed. Other ways to achieve a more favourable balance between woodfuels consumption and supply are then discussed looking at more efficient charcoal kilns and household woodstoves, improved institutional stoves and increased wood production. The replication potential of the Kenya experiment in other countries is also explored. The lessons learnt from the the Kenya experience concern the relationship between technology, choice and delivery systems as they interact with, economic, institutional, and policy factors. In this case, the design work accepted the traditional technology as a starting point which helped ensure widespread acceptance by households. The potential desirability of relying on local artisans to manufacture consumer durables using existing private sector channels to market these goods is also shown. It also highlights the importance of going beyond a laissez-faire approach and supporting training, demonstration, and publicity to faciliate the workings of the private sector. In the Kenyan case, technology choice was relatively unsubsidized and left ot the preferences of consumers.

  13. ADHERENCE TO TREATMENT GUIDELINES FOR THE PREVENTION OF MOTHER-TO-CHILD HIV TRANSMISSION IN KENYA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Kristine Frances

    2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Access to the most effective treatments is not universal and treatment coverage for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) is still low in many countries, including Kenya (WHO, 2010a). To improve uptake of PMTCT to reduce perinatal...

  14. hal-00585316,version1-12Apr2011 Korea nuclear exports: Why did the Koreans win the UAE tender?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , thanks to an active national program of Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) construction, Korea has developed

  15. Examining the adoption, usage and outcomes of mobile money services: the case of M-PESA in Kenya 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morawczynski, Olga

    2011-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis will examine the adoption, usage and outcomes of a mobile money service called MPESA. Since being launched in 2007, the service has seen phenomenal growth in Kenya. Over 7.5 million users, or 34% of the adult ...

  16. Seeking the optimal development of Kikuyu women: A qualitative examination of traditional sex roles in Maai Mahiu, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gripka, Abbey Alyssa Campbell

    2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    , androcentrism, and biological essentialism. Other studies have used this theory to observe sex roles within Appalachia (Rezek, 2010), South Asian female immigrants (Talbani & Hasanali, 2000), and Kenya as a whole (Simiyu, 2007). Little is known, however, about...

  17. Extending broadband past the urban fringe with wireless mesh : a strategic analysis with policy implications for Kenya's Universal Service Fund

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berkoben, Keith A. (Keith Alexander)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As the competitive wholesale cost of bandwidth continues to plummet in Kenya, last-mile networks have become a bottleneck in the extension of affordable broadband outside major cities. In this work we explore the business ...

  18. Potential Collaborative Research topics with Korea’s Agency for Defense Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farrar, Charles R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Todd, Michael D. [Univ. of California, San Diego

    2012-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation provides a high level summary of current research activities at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)-University of California Jacobs School of Engineering (UCSD) Engineering Institute that will be presented at Korea's Agency for Defense Development (ADD). These research activities are at the basic engineering science level with different level of maturity ranging from initial concepts to field proof-of-concept demonstrations. We believe that all of these activities are appropriate for collaborative research activities with ADD subject to approval by each institution. All the activities summarized herein have the common theme that they are multi-disciplinary in nature and typically involved the integration of high-fidelity predictive modeling, advanced sensing technologies and new development in information technology. These activities include: Wireless Sensor Systems, Swarming Robot sensor systems, Advanced signal processing (compressed sensing) and pattern recognition, Model Verification and Validation, Optimal/robust sensor system design, Haptic systems for large-scale data processing, Cyber-physical security for robots, Multi-source energy harvesting, Reliability-based approaches to damage prognosis, SHMTools software development, and Cyber-physical systems advanced study institute.

  19. Water relations strategies of two grass and shrub species as influenced by prescribed burning in a semiarid ecosystem in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, Ali Ramadhan

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    WATER RELATIONS STRATEGIES OF TWO GRASS AND SHRUB SPECIES AS INFLUENCED BY PRESCRIBED BURNING IN A SEMIARID ECOSYSTEM IN KENYA A Thesis by ALI RAMADHAN ALI Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in Partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1984 Major Subject: Range Science WATER RELATIONS STRATEGIES OF TWO GRASS AND SHRUB SPECIES AS INFLUENCED BY PRESCRIBED BURNING IN A SEMIARID ECOSYSTEM IN KENYA A Thesis by ALI RAMADHAN ALI...

  20. Process Flow Chart for Immobilizing of Radioactive High Concentration Sodium Hydroxide Product from the Sodium Processing Facility at the BN-350 Nuclear power plant in Aktau, Kazakhstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burkitbayev, M.; Omarova, K.; Tolebayev, T. [Ai-Farabi Kazakh National University, Chemical Faculty, Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakhstan); Galkin, A. [KATEP Ltd., Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakhstan); Bachilova, N. [NIISTROMPROEKT Ltd., Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakhstan); Blynskiy, A. [Nuclear Technology Safety Centre, Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakhstan); Maev, V. [MAEK-Kazatomprom Ltd., Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakhstan); Wells, D. [NUKEM Limited- a member of the Freyssinet Group, Winfrith Technology Centre, Dorchester, Dorset (United Kingdom); Herrick, A. [NUKEM Limited- a member of the Freyssinet Group, Caithness (United Kingdom); Michelbacher, J. [Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls (United States)

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the results of a joint research investigations carried out by the group of Kazakhstan, British and American specialists in development of a new material for immobilization of radioactive 35% sodium hydroxide solutions from the sodium coolant processing facility of the BN-350 nuclear power plant. The resulting solid matrix product, termed geo-cement stone, is capable of isolating long lived radionuclides from the environment. The physico-mechanical properties of geo-cement stone have been investigated and the flow chart for its production verified in a full scale experiments. (author)

  1. Feasibility studies to establish at the Kazakhstan Ulba metallurgical plant the manufacturing capability to produce low-enriched uranium certified reference materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuzminski, Jozef [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nesuhoff, J [NBL; Cratto, P [NBL; Pfennigwerth, G [Y12 NATIONAL SEC. COMPLEX; Mikhailenko, A [ULBA METALLURGICAL PLANT; Maliutina, I [ULBA METALLURGICAL PLANT; Nations, J [GREGG PROTECTION SERVICES

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the salient features of the transition plan that the United States Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) is presently implementing in the Former Soviet Union countries is the availability of uranium certified reference materials for calibration of nondestructive assay (NDA) measurement equipment. To address this challenge, DOE/NNSA and U.S. national laboratories have focused their cooperative efforts on establishing a reliable source for manufacturing, certifying, and supplying of such standards. The Ulba Metallurgical Plant (UMP), Kazakhstan, which processes large quantities of low-enriched uranium to produce ceramic fuel pellets for nuclear-powered reactors, is well situated to become a key supplier of low-enriched uranium certified reference materials for the country and Central Asia region. We have recently completed Phase I of a feasibility study to establish at UMP capabilities of manufacturing these standards. In this paper we will discuss details of a proposed methodology for uranium down-blending, material selection and characterization, and a proposed methodology of measurement by destructive (DA) and non-destructive (NDA) analysis to form a database for material certification by the competent State authorities in the Republic of Kazakhstan. In addition, we will discuss the prospect for manufacturing of such standards at UMP.

  2. Grass roots technology and energy policy: Solar ovens and wind turbines in Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kammen, D.M. [Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Physics

    1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Kenya is said to be an ideal site for projects that promote renewable energy sources since it devotes over forty percent of its GNP to the purchase of imported coal and oil. The author presents a chronology of solar oven projects in Kenya and suggests that success of the program will be measured by the number of people who move on to wind turbine use. He discusses the role of renewable energy technology in reducing greenhouse gases and closes by recommending that industrialized nations that produce large amounts of carbon dioxide provide aid to develop projects that reduce carbon dioxide elsewhere in the world. At the same time they would receive credit towards their carbon dioxide quotas.

  3. Pre-feasibility power generation study for the Magadi Soda Company, Magadi, Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to: (a) review the extensive published and unpublished literature on the geochemistry, hydrology and geology of Lake Magadi, Kenya, and its associated hot springs; (b) based on this review of field visits, estimate the temperature in the geothermal reservoir beneath the lake; and (c) from this, develop a plan to determine the potential for the development of geothermal electric power at Lake Magadi. 6 refs., 9 figs., 2 tabs.

  4. Numerical modeling of geothermal systems with applications to Krafla, Iceland and Olkaria, Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bodvarsson, G.S.

    1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of numerical models for the evaluation of the generating potential of high temperature geothermal fields has increased rapidly in recent years. In the present paper a unified numerical approach to the modeling of geothermal systems is discussed and the results of recent modeling of the Krafla geothermal field in Iceland and the Olkaria, Kenya, are described. Emphasis is placed on describing the methodology using examples from the two geothermal fields.

  5. The effects of cash cropping on household expediture patterns in rural Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George, Fred Ken

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the hypotheses tested from the general problem statement is in order. The first hypothesis tested was that the average total expenditure for both commercial and send. -subsistence households are the same. Given that total expenditures are regarded as a proxy.... , University of Zambia at Lusaka Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. Carl E. Shafer The aims of the study are to determine significant differences in the patterns and levels of expenditure by semi-subsistence and commercial farm households in rural Kenya...

  6. Case Studies from the Climate Technology Partnership: Landfill Gas Projects in South Korea and Lessons Learned

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Larney, C.; Heil, M.; Ha, G. A.

    2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper examines landfill gas projects in South Korea. Two case studies provide concrete examples of lessons learned and offer practical guidance for future projects.

  7. Corporate Governance from a Comparative Perspective: Specific Applications of the Duty of Loyalty in Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwon, Jae Yeol

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    transaction. Kon S. Kim, Corporate Governance in Korea, 8 J.ARTICLES CORPORATE GOVERNANCE FROM A COMPARATIVEof Care Standard in Corporate Governance, 75 IOWA L. REV. 1,

  8. Avian Field guide and checklist for Kunsan Air Base, Korea.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levenson, J. B.; Environmental Assessment

    2005-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the results of the avian surveys conducted at Kunsan Air Base (AB). This on-going survey is conducted to comply with requirements of the Environmental Governing Standards (EGS) for the Republic of Korea, the Integrated Natural Resources Management Plan (INRMP) for Kunsan AB, and the 8th Fighter Wing's Bird Aircraft Strike Hazard (BASH) Plan. One hundred sixteen bird species representing 34 families were identified and recorded. Seven species are designated as Cultural Property Monuments, and their protection is accorded by the Korean Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Six species appear on the Korean Association for Conservation of Nature's(KACN's) list of Reserved Wild Species and are protected by the Korean Ministry of Environment. Combined, only ten different species are Republic of Korea (ROK)-protected because the Eurasian Spoonbill, Peregrine Falcon, and Eurasian Oystercatcher are listed by both agencies. The primary objective of the avian survey at Kunsan AB was to determine what species of birds are present on the airfield and their respective habitat requirements during the critical seasons of the year. This requirement is specified in Annex C.4.a.(1-4) of the 8th Fighter Wing BASH Plan(8FWOPLAN 91-202). The second objective was to initiate surveys to determine what bird species are present on Kunsan AB throughout the year, and from the survey results determine if threatened, endangered, or other Korean-listed bird species are present on Kunsan AB. This overall census satisfies Criterion 13-3.e of the EGS for Korea. The final objective was to formulate management strategies within Kunsan AB's operational requirements to protect and enhance habitats of known threatened, endangered, and ROK-protected species in accordance with EGS Criterion 13-3.a and also that are favorable for the reproduction of indigenous species in accordance with the EGS Criterion 13-3.h.

  9. Avian survey and field guide for Osan Air Base, Korea.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levenson, J.

    2006-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the results of the avian surveys conducted at Osan Air Base (AB). This ongoing survey is conducted to comply with requirements of the Environmental Governing Standards (EGS) for the Republic of Korea, the Integrated Natural Resources Management Plan (INRMP) for Osan AB, and the 51st Fighter Wing's Bird Aircraft Strike Hazard (BASH) Plan. One hundred ten bird species representing 35 families were identified and recorded. Seven species are designated as Natural Monuments, and their protection is accorded by the Korean Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Three species appear on the Korean Association for Conservation of Nature's (KACN's) list of Reserved Wild Species and are protected by the Korean Ministry of Environment. Combined, ten different species are Republic of Korea (ROK)-protected. The primary objective of the avian survey at Osan AB was to determine what species of birds are present on the airfield and their respective habitat requirements during the critical seasons of the year. This requirement is specified in Annex J.14.c of the 51st Fighter BASH Plan 91-212 (51 FW OPLAN 91-212). The second objective was to initiate surveys to determine what bird species are present on Osan AB throughout the year and from the survey results, determine if threatened, endangered, or other Korean-listed bird species are present on Osan AB. This overall census satisfies Criterion 13-3.e of the EGS for Korea. The final objective was to formulate management strategies within Osan AB's operational requirements to protect and enhance habitats of known threatened, endangered, and ROK-protected species in accordance with EGS Criterion 13-3.a that are also favorable for the reproduction of indigenous species in accordance with the EGS Criterion 13-3.h.

  10. Korea's Green Growth Strategy: Mitigating Climate Change and Developing New

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMALTexas: Energy ResourcesKooskia,Korea Solar

  11. Korea Institute of Energy Research KIER | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou New EnergyKenosistecKilaraKoRentaKorchipKorea

  12. Korea Parts and Fasteners KPF Plextronics JV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKorea Parts and Fasteners KPF Plextronics JV Jump

  13. Korea Parts and Fasteners KPF | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKorea Parts and Fasteners KPF Plextronics JV

  14. Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology KRICT | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKorea Parts and Fasteners KPF Plextronics

  15. Korea Solex Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKorea Parts and Fasteners KPF

  16. Democratic People's Republic of Korea Initiative Export Control Issues for the Proposed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PNNL Energy Efficiency Center in North Korea A. C. Rither D. A. Varley January 2001 Prepared for the U Efficiency Center to improve the energy efficiency of North Korea's economy and living conditions.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC06-76RL01830 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland

  17. Japan, France Vying for Korea's Nuclear Project By Cho Jin-seo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Japan, France Vying for Korea's Nuclear Project By Cho Jin-seo Staff Reporter France and Japan with an estimated cost of $10 billion. France's Cadarache region and Japan's Rokkashomura region are two candidates Rho Moo- hyun. Japan deployed Science and Technology Minister Takeo Kawamura to Korea on Jan. 14

  18. Consumer Acceptance of Genetically Modified Foods in Korea: Factor and Cluster Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neimark, Alexander V.

    Consumer Acceptance of Genetically Modified Foods in Korea: Factor and Cluster Analysis Benjamin #12;Consumer Acceptance of Genetically Modified Foods In Korea: Factor and Cluster Analysis Abstract and desirability of food biotechnology 2 #12;Introduction Consumer acceptance of genetically modified (GM) 1 food

  19. Japan-Korea Workshop 2007, Gifu, Japan Honeycomb-like Large Area LaB6 Plasma Source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    Japan-Korea Workshop 2007, Gifu, Japan Honeycomb-like Large Area LaB6 Plasma Source for Multi Research Center, 2) Hanyang University #12;Japan-Korea Workshop 2007, Gifu, Japan AbstractAbstract Multi field intensity of 870 G #12;Japan-Korea Workshop 2007, Gifu, Japan Overview of MP2Overview of MP2 #12

  20. Transactions of the Korean Nuclear Society Autumn Meeting PyeongChang, Korea, October 25-26, 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Kwangjo

    and Control Dept., Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety, {k407kyd,dikim}@kins.re.kr *** Reactor Engineering Research Dept., Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety, k148jch@kins.re.kr 1. Introduction Recently computers (Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety). 2.1 Cyber Security and Security Policy Cyber security is a flexible

  1. Technical cooperation between IAE/NNC and U.S. DOE National Laboratories on nuclear export controls in Kazakhstan -- a status report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Picologlou, B. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Cernicek, A. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Pakhnitz, V.; Koltysheva, G. [Inst. of Atomic Energy/NNC (Kazakhstan)

    1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) sponsors technical cooperative agreements, also known as Lab to Lab agreements, between its National Laboratories and similar institutions in the Newly Independent States (NIS) for the purpose of sharing some of the experience and expertise on nuclear export controls and nonproliferation of the former with their NIS counterparts so that, in turn, they can provide technical support to their respective governments in nonproliferation matters. In Kazakhstan, two separate technical cooperative agreements involving the Institute of Atomic Energy of the National Nuclear Center, Argonne National Laboratory, and Los Alamos National Laboratory were established in 1996. The tasks carried out during the first year of these technical cooperative agreements are described and the objectives and end products of the tasks are discussed.

  2. Effects of burning on diet quality and associated production systems of cattle and goats in Acacia savannahs of Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mbui, Moses Kiruki

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFFECTS OF BURNING ON DIET DUALITY AND ASSOCIATED PRODUCTION SYSTEMS OF CATTLE AND GOATS IN ACAC2A SAVANNAHS OF KENYA A Thesis by MOSES KIRUKI MBUI Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A8M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Dedember 1985 Major Subject: Range Science EFFECTS OF BURNING ON DIET DUALITY AND ASSOCIATED PRODUCTION SYSTEMS OF CATTLE AND GOATS IN ACAC1A SAVANNAHS OF KENYA A Thesis by MOSES KIRUKI MBUI Approves...

  3. Influence of herbage/browse allowance on nutritive intake of cattle grazing a Commiphora savannah in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mnene, William Ngoyawu

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    INFLUENCE OF HERBAGE/BROWSE ALLOWANCE ON NUTRITIVE INTAKE OF CATTLE GRAZING A CDMMIMORA SAVANNAH IN KENYA A Thesis WILLIAN NGOYAWU NNENE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASH L'niversity in pa, tial fulfillment of the requirement... . or ne degree of MASTER OF SCIENCF Oecemoer 19BS I'!a?'or Subject: Range Science INFLUENCE OF HERBAGE/BROWSE ALLOWANCE ON NUTRITIVE INTAKE OF CATTLE GRAZING A COMM1THORA SAVANNAH IN KENYA A Thesis by WILLIAM NGOYAWU MNENE Approved as to style...

  4. Mine locations: Kazakhstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perry, Bradley A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Upon accepting this internship at Los Alamos National Laboratory, I was excited but a bit nervous because I was placed into a field I knew nothing about and did not incorporate my mechanical engineering background. However, I stayed positive and realized that experience and education can come in many forms and that this would be a once in a lifetime opportunity. The EES-II Division (which stands for Earth and Environmental Sciences, Geophysics division) concentrates on several topics, including Nuclear Treaty Verification Seismology. The study of this is extremely important in order to monitor countries that have nuclear capability and make sure they follow the rules of the international comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty. Seismology is only one aspect of this monitoring and EES-II works diligently with many other groups here at Los Alamos and across the world.

  5. Summary of modeling studies of the East Olkaria geothermal field, Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bodvarsson, G.S.; Pruess, K.; Stefansson, V.; Bjornsson, S.; Ojiambo, S.B.

    1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A detailed three-dimensional well-by-well model of the East Olkaria geothermal field in Kenya has been developed. The model matches reasonably well the flow rate and enthalpy data from all wells, as well as the overall pressure decline in the reservoir. The model is used to predict the generating capacity of the field, well decline, enthalpy behavior, the number of make-up wells needed and the effects of injection on well performance and overall reservoir depletion. 26 refs., 10 figs.

  6. Environmental impact assessment practices in the sub-Saharan Africa: cases from Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ngunjiri, P.G.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim for this research is to review environmental impact assessment (EIA) practices in sub-Saharan Africa, drawing upon appropriate theoretical and methodological work on EIA. This study uses a comparative evaluation method to examine the extent of environmental impact assessment (EIA) in project analysis. It uses site and services low cost housing projects from Kenya. The research has three major components: (1) review of environmental practice in Sub-Saharan Africa through literature review and case studies; (2) review of general literature on EIA as practiced by international agencies and developed countries; and (3) formulation of more suitable guidelines for EIA procedures in Sub-Saharan Africa.

  7. Lead contamination in street soils of Nairobi City and Mombasa Island, Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Onyari, J.M.; Wandiga, S.O.; Njenga, G.K.; Nyatebe, J.O. (Univ. of Nairobi (Kenya))

    1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The advent of modern industrialization and, in particular, the motor vehicle has witnessed dramatic increases in lead usage both as a component of lead-acid storage battery and from 1923 as organic lead alkyl anti-knock additive in petroleum. Several workers have established a correlation between increasing lead concentration in roadside soils and vehicular traffic density. Although researchers studied the heavy metal content in Lake Victoria sediments, no urban roadside soils were investigated. Since lead is used as a petrol additive in Kenya, it is necessary to document the extent and magnitude of lead contamination of roadside soils in inland and coastal urban environments and evaluate its environmental implications.

  8. Opaline cherts associated with sublacustrine hydrothermal springs at Lake Bogoria, Kenya Rift valley

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Renaut, R.W.; Owen, R.B.

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An unusual group of cherts found at saline, alkaline Lake Bogoria in the Kenya Rift differs from the Magadi-type cherts commonly associated with saline, alkaline lakes. The cherts are opaline, rich in diatoms, and formed from a siliceous, probably gelatinous, precursor that precipitated around submerged alkaline hot springs during a Holocene phase of high lake level. Silica precipitation resulted from rapid drop in the temperature of the spring waters and, possibly, pH. Lithification began before subaerial exposure. Ancient analogous cherts are likely to be localized deposits along fault lines.

  9. The behavior of trace metals in the Geum Estuary, Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Byrd, J.T.; Smith, R.G.; Windom, H.L. (Skidaway Inst. of Oceanography, Savannah, GA (United States)); Lee, Kwang, W. (Hanyang Univ. Ansan, Kyunggi (Korea)); Lee, Dong, S. (Korea Ocean Research and Development Inst., Ansan, Kyunggi (Korea))

    1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The distributions of trace metals in the Geum Estuary of western Korea were studied with regard to changes in other estuarine chemical parameters. Dissolved oxygen, pH, and alkalinity increased with increasing salinity. Dissolved aluminum concentrations increased at low salinities and were perhaps influenced by the solubility of particulate aluminosilicate phases. Iron, manganese, cobalt, and zinc are removed from solution in the low salinity end of the estuary. Cobalt and nickel have mid-estuary concentration maxima that may be due to an anthropogenic source. Cadmium, copper, lead, and zinc concentrations also increased in the estuary, possibly as th result of remobilization in the sediments. Cadmium increases are also linked to remineralization from tidal flat sediments in the outer estuary. The source of an increase in dissolved lead at low salinity is unclear, but may be due to release from particles.

  10. A new paradigm for Environmental Assessment (EA) in Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Song, Young-Il [Korea Environment Institute, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Glasson, John, E-mail: jglasson@brookes.ac.u [Oxford Brookes University, Oxford (United Kingdom); Curtin University, Perth (Australia)

    2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the last 30 years, Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in Korea has played an important role in decision-making processes particularly for environmentally sensitive projects. However, the EIA system alone has sometimes not been effective enough to ensure the successful resolution of environmental concerns. In order to compensate for the limitations of the EIA system, a new assessment system called Prior Environmental Review System (PERS), which is relevant to Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) in some aspects, was introduced in 1993. PERS aims to balance development and preservation by identifying possible environmental impacts of some administrative plans mainly related to development projects in the early stages of planning. However, PERS still appeared to have some weak points such as a limited range of subjects to be assessed, and weakness of tiering (or vertical integration) from PERS to EIA. Therefore, the necessity for reform of the Korean Environmental Assessment (EA) system, including PERS, was raised. In response, the Korean government sought to establish its policy direction for implementing SEA by enhancing the objectivity and expertise of PERS. The policy was approved by the National Assembly in May 2005, and went into effect in June 2006. The introduction of SEA, by enhancing PERS, provides a framework for a system of EA from the strategic level, including PPPs, to the project level. Yet, despite such improvements, some managerial and technical problems associated with subsequent EA implementation remain. This paper critically reviews the evolution of the EA system in Korea and suggests essential improvements for the current EA system based on experiences of implementation of both EIA and SEA since June 2006, in the context of international good practice.

  11. Bilateral Cooperation | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Partnerships with Argentina, Brazil, Kazakhstan, the Czech Republic, Jordan, Mongolia, Egypt and the Republic of Korea . International Nuclear Energy Research Initiative (I-NERI)...

  12. Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Angola Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico...

  13. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Angola Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico...

  14. Water availability at farm household level a case study in the Nyando district in South-Western Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Water availability at farm household level ­ a case study in the Nyando district in South of Crop Production Ecology Uppsala 2011 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences #12;2 Water: Women collecting water in a well, Onjiko, Kenya. Photo: Erika Näslund Keywords: Water availability

  15. Analysis of wood-energy production and consumption strategies among small-scale farmers in central Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mwangi, A.M.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study focuses on wood-energy production and consumption strategies among small-scale farm households in central Kenya. The specific objective were: (1) to determine how households had responded to specific wood-energy policies; (2) to identify factors associated with household adoption or non-adoption of the strategies. Different programs aimed at addressing wood-energy shortages in Kenya were initiated or strengthened during the 1980s: fuelwood or multipurpose tree planting; development and dissemination of improved stoves and fireplaces; promotion of increased accessibility to wood-energy substitutes. Household adoption levels for policy-supported strategies have remained low despite promotion. Survey data from two villages in Nyeri district were collected to determine the factors associated with adoption of the Kenya Ceramic Jiko, the [open quotes]Kuni Mbili[close quotes] stove/fireplace, kerosene stoves, electric cookers, and fuelwood or multipurpose tree planting. Adoption rates varied from as low as 1 percent for electricity to 43 percent for the Kenya Ceramic Jiko. Important policy variables included extension visits per year, income levels, years of formal education received by head of household, access to different fuels, area of farm-land owned, household size, and locational characteristics of the villages. Policy recommendations included: use of research results to direct policy; improvement of information flows between policy makers, extension agents, and technology-users; increased support of agroforestry; and better program coordination. Recommendations for further research included: examining more areas where efficiency gains in energy production and consumption can be made, extending the study to cover the drier parts of central Kenya, and conducting regular case studies in order to better understand the adoption process over time.

  16. What makes some campaigns more effective than others?: An analysis of three mass media PSI HIV/AIDS campaigns in Kenya.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mabachi, Natabhona Marianne

    2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This study included interviews with campaign planners at a major social marketing organization in Kenya and an examination of three comprehensive HIV/AIDS health campaigns produced by the planners. Thematic and qualitative content analysis...

  17. Prophet, Priest and King in Colonial Africa: Anglican and Colonial Political Responses to African Independent Churches in Nigeria and Kenya, 1918-1960 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Higgins, Thomas Winfield

    2010-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Many African Independent Churches emerged during the colonial era in central Kenya and western Nigeria. At times they were opposed by government officials and missionaries. Most scholars have limited the field of enquiry ...

  18. Evidence for Gassy Sediments on the Inner Shelf of SE Korea From Geoacoustic Properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Gwang H. Lee 6 , Young K. Seo 5 1 * Hawaii Natural Energy Institute, University of Hawaii, P.O.S.T. Bldg Properties; Attenuation; Biodegradation; Bubbles; Core Analysis; Gassy Sediments; SE Korea Shelf #12

  19. Stability and Nukes: China's Domestic Concerns over North Korea's Nuclear Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Jun

    2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    While the bilateral friendship between China and North Korea was solidified and endured during the Korean war, Beijing's ties to Pyongyang have weakened considerably during the nuclear crisis on the Korean Peninsula, which ...

  20. Variations in patterns of low fertility in South Korea in 2004: a county level analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoon, Jungwon

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the early 1960s, South Korea has been going through a rapid fertility decline, along with its socioeconomic development and effective family planning programs. After achieving a desired replacement level of fertility in 1984, the total...

  1. Energy Demand and Fuel Supply in Developing Countries Brazil, Korea and the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, Jayant A.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1980. COUNTRY REPORT BRAZIL TRENDS OF ENERGY USE I N BRAZILBRAZIL KOREA PHILIPPINES INTRODUCTION During the 1970s, energyENERGY DEMAND AND FUEL SUPPLY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES BRAZIL,

  2. Urban settlement design, Seoul, Korea : a comparative study for low-income housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Je, Hae-Seong

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The study proposes an alternative design approach for urban dwelling environments of the low-income sectors in Seoul, Korea, based upon a comparative evaluation of the physical and socio-economic performance of the existing ...

  3. Isotopic evidence for neogene hominid paleoenvironments in the Kenya Rift Valley

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kingston, J.D.; Hill, A. (Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States)); Marino, B.D. (Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States))

    1994-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Bipedality, the definitive characteristic of the earliest hominids, has been regarded as an adaptive response to a transition from forested to more-open habitats in East Africa sometime between 12 million and 5 million years ago. Analyses of the stable carbon isotopic composition ([delta][sup 13]C) of paleosol carbonate and organic matter from the Tugen Hills succession in Kenya indicate that a heterogeneous environment with a mix of C3 and C4 plants has persisted for the last 15.5 million years. Open grasslands at no time dominated this portion of the rift valley. The observed [delta][sup 13]C values offer no evidence for a shift from more-closed C3 environments to C4 grasslands habitats. If hominids evolved in East Africa during the Late Miocene, they did so in an ecologically diverse setting.

  4. Quality and Performance of LED Flashlights in Kenya: Common End User Preferences and Complaints

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tracy, Jenny; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan

    2009-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Flashlights that use LED technology have quickly emerged as the dominant source of portable lighting in Kenya. While flashlights do not normally provide a substitute for kerosene and other highly inefficient fuels, they are an important early manifestation of LED lighting in the developing world that can serve as a platform - or deterrent - to the diffusion of the technology into the broader off-grid lighting market. The lead acid batteries embedded in flashlights also represent an important source of hazardous waste, and flashlight durability is thus an important determinant of the rate of waste disposal. Low-cost LED flashlights with prices from $1 to $4 are now widely available in shops and markets throughout Kenya. The increased penetration of LED technology in the flashlight market is significant, as over half of all Kenyan households report owning a flashlight (Kamfor, 2002). While this shift from conventional incandescent technology to modern LEDs may appear to be a promising development, end users that our research team interviewed expressed a number of complaints about the quality and performance of these new flashlights. This raises concerns about the interests of low-income flashlight users, and it may also indicate the onset of a broader market spoiling effect for off-grid lighting products based on LED technology (Mills and Jacobson, 2008; Lighting Africa, 2007). The quality of low-cost LED flashlights can contribute to market spoiling because these products appear to represent the first contact that most Kenyans have with LED technology. In this report, our team uses interviews with 46 end users of flashlights to collect information about their experiences, perceptions, and preferences. We focus especially on highlighting common complaints from respondents about the flashlights that they have used, as well as on noting the features that they indicated were important when evaluating the quality of a flashlight. In previous laboratory tests, researchers from our team found a wide range of quality and performance among battery powered LED lights (Granderson, et al. 2008).

  5. The Use of BIM in Construction for Decision Making: A Case of Irregular-Shaped Steel-Framed Building Construction Project in South Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yum, Sang Guk

    2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    , solving technical problems, and searching for the value of BIM. However, the use of BIM in Korea during construction for decision-making has not been thoroughly reported in Korea yet. One may be wondering then if BIM is indeed well utilized in Korea during...

  6. In IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation Pages 29412947, Seoul, Korea, May 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sukhatme, Gaurav S.

    In IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation Pages 2941­2947, Seoul, Korea, May 2001 Evaluating Control Strategies for Wireless-Networked Robots Using an Integrated Robot and Network Simulation communication is an enabling factor in mul- tiple mobile robot systems. There is signi#12;cant interac- tion

  7. Culturally Variable Preferences for Robot Design and Use in South Korea, Turkey, and the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sabanovic, Selma

    .2 [User- Centered Design]; I.2.9 [Robotics]: Commercial robots and applications; K.4: Computers, Turkey, United States, survey, robot design, robot application, user preferences. 1. INTRODUCTIONCulturally Variable Preferences for Robot Design and Use in South Korea, Turkey, and the United

  8. Transactions of the Korean Nuclear Society Spring Meeting Jeju, Korea, May 17-18, 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Transactions of the Korean Nuclear Society Spring Meeting Jeju, Korea, May 17-18, 2012 NuDE: Development Environment for Safety-Critical Software of Nuclear Power Plant Jong-Hoon Lee , Junbeom Yoo, software V&V should be performed in parallel with software development. In IEEE standard 1012 for Software

  9. Transactions of the Korean Nuclear Society Autumn Meeting Pyeongchang, Korea, October 30-31, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Transactions of the Korean Nuclear Society Autumn Meeting Pyeongchang, Korea, October 30-31, 2014 A Translator Verification Technique for FPGA Software Development in Nuclear Power Plants Jaeyeob Kim a , Eui- critical system such as RPS (Reactor Protection System) in NPP (Nuclear Power Plants). Increasing

  10. REPORT from ISWA 2011 WORLD CONGRESS 17-20 October 2011, DAEGU, KOREA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    the activities of existing ones in achieving the common goal: · to identify the best available technologies, "Application of the advanced technology to Waste to energy plant in China", Mr. Edmund Fleck, from Martin Gmbh speakers where Mr. Seung ­Joon Yoon, President of Korea Environmental Industry and Technology Institute

  11. August 24~28, 2014 International Convention Center (ICC) Jeju, Jeju Island, Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Symposium on Future I&C for Nuclear Power Plants International Symposium on Symbiotic Nuclear Power Systems Plants International Symposium on Symbiotic Nuclear Power Systems ISOFIC/ISSNP 2014 #12;Foreword, Jeju Island, Korea International Symposium on Future I&C for Nuclear Power Plants International

  12. Introduction Faculty 291 Daehak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, Republic of Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Yong Jung

    -42-350-3502~5 / FAX.+82-42-350-3510 KAIST http://cs.kaist.ac.kr Computer Science Korea Institute of Energy Research graphics Database, web, social network Location-aware mobile computing Programming language, compiler Computer architecture, parallel processing embedded systems Intelligent database, context aware, data

  13. 2013 China-Korea Relay Protection Forum Wide Area Protection Scheme Preventing Cascading Events based on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Zhe

    2013 China-Korea Relay Protection Forum 1 Wide Area Protection Scheme Preventing Cascading Events from short circuits. A wide area protection scheme is proposed based on this improved im- pedance relay area protection 1 Introduction In many past blackouts, zone 3 impedance relay played an important role

  14. SMART WATER GRID INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE 2013 12-14 November 2013, Incheon, Republic of Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien, Pierre Y.

    SMART WATER GRID INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE 2013 12-14 November 2013, Incheon, Republic of Korea SMART WATER GRIDS AND NETWORK VULNERABILITY Pierre Y. Julien1 and Olga A. Martyusheva2 1 Professor, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80521-1372, USA Keywords: Energy Conservation; Smart Water Grid

  15. Effect of Flow Pulses on Degradation Downstream of Hapcheon Dam, South Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien, Pierre Y.

    Effect of Flow Pulses on Degradation Downstream of Hapcheon Dam, South Korea Young Ho Shin1 and Pierre Y. Julien, M.ASCE2 Abstract: The changes in channel geometry downstream of Hapcheon Dam, South sluice gate operations affect the 45-km reach of the Hwang River between the Hapcheon Reregulation Dam

  16. Global Shipbuilding, Who Will be the Leader? South Korea or China?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dan, Yong Jin

    2007-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    crankshafts for ships, using native technology in 23 2005, and also began producing low-speed diesel engines that satisfied 90 % of domestic demand as well as exporting abroad. In June 2007, the Dalian Diesel Engine Factory joined Korea and Japan... Demands and Technical development..................................................23 Unstable factors in the future..............................................................................................24 World Ship Demand Cycle...

  17. Skeletal crystals of calcite and trona from hot-spring deposits in Kenya and New Zealand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, B. [Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta (Canada). Dept. of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences; Renaut, R.W. [Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan (Canada). Dept. of Geological Sciences

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Skeletal crystals are hollow crystals that develop because their outer walls grow before their cores. The presence of skeletal crystals of calcite (three types--trigonal prisms, hexagonal prisms, and plates) and trona in hot (> 90 C) spring deposits in New Zealand (Waikite Springs and Ohaaki Pool) and Kenya (Lorusio hot springs) shows that they can form in natural sedimentary regimes. Analysis of samples from these deposits shows that this crystal morphology develops under disequilibrium conditions that are unrelated to a specific environmental or diagenetic setting. Skeletal crystals transform into solid crystals when subsequent precipitation fills their hollow cores. In some cases, this may involve precipitation of crystalline material that has a sieve-like texture. In other examples, the skeletal crystal provides a framework upon which other materials can be precipitated. Walls in the skeletal trigonal calcite prisms from Waikite Springs are formed of subcrystals that mimic the shape of the parent crystal. Similarly, plate-like skeletal crystals from Lorusio are formed of densely packed subcrystals that are < 0.5 {micro}m long. Conversely, the walls of the skeletal hexagonal calcite crystals from Ohaaki Pool and the skeletal trona crystals from Lorusio are not formed of subcrystals. Recognition of skeletal crystals is important because they represent growth that follows the reverse pattern of normal growth. Failure to recognize that crystal growth followed the skeletal motif may lead to false interpretations concerning the growth of a crystal.

  18. Hydrothermal alteration in the EPF replacement wells, Olkaria Geothermal field, Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mungania, J. [Kenya Power & Lighting Co. Ltd., Naivasha (Kenya)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Olkaria Geothermal area is located in the central sector of the Kenya, Rift Valley. A 45MW Geothermal power station has been operational at Olkaria since 1985 supplied by 22 of the 26 wells drilled in the Eastern production field (EPF). Between 1988 and 1993, eight more wells referred to as {open_quote}replacement wells{close_quote} were drilled in the same field to boost steam supply to the station. Petrographic analyses of the drill cuttings is usually done to determine detail stratigraphy of the field, extends of hydrothermal activity, subsurface structures and other parameters which may influence production potential of a well. Analyses of the drill cuttings from the EPF wells show that: Variations in the whole rock alteration intensities correlate with differences in rocktypes. Permeable horizons, especially the productive feeder zones are well marked by enhanced hydrothermal minerals depositions, mainly quartz, calcite, pyrite and epidote. Other aspects of state of reservoir like boiling are signified by presence of bladed calcite.

  19. Hydrocarbon potential of the Lamu basin of south-east Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nyagah, K.; Cloeter, J.J.; Maende, A. (National Oil Corp. of Kenya, Nairobi (Kenya))

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Lamu basin occupies the coastal onshore and offshore areas of south-east Kenya. This fault bounded basin formed as a result of the Paleozoic-early Mesozoic phase of rifting that developed at the onset of Gondwana dismemberment. The resultant graben was filled by Karroo (Permian-Early Jurassic) continental siliciclastic sediments. Carbonate deposits associated with the Tethyan sea invasion, dominate the Middle to Late Jurassic basin fill. Cessation of the relative motion between Madagascar and Africa in the Early Cretaceous, heralded passive margin development and deltaic sediment progradation until the Paleogene. Shallow seas transgressed the basin in the Miocene when another carbonate regime prevailed. The basin depositional history is characterized by pulses of transgressive and regressive cycles, bounded by tectonically enhanced unconformities dividing the total sedimentary succession into discrete megasequences. Source rock strata occur within Megasequence III (Paleogene) depositional cycle and were lowered into the oil window in Miocene time, when the coastal parts of the basin experienced the greatest amount of subsidence. The tectono-eustatic pulses of the Tertiary brought about source and reservoir strata into a spatial relationship in which hydrocarbons could be entrapped. A basement high on the continental shelf has potential for Karroo sandstone and Jurassic limestone reservoirs. Halokinesis of Middle Jurassic salt in Miocene time provides additional prospects in the offshore area. Paleogene deltaic sands occur in rotated listric fault blacks. A Miocene reef Play coincides with an Eocene source rock kitchen.

  20. Something to buy paraffin with: an investigation into domestic energy consumption in rural Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hosier, R.H.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently, two government agencies have surveyed energy consumption in Kenya. These two studies yielded conflicting results, necessitating that a third, more carefully conducted survey be used as the basis for this study. The survey instrument used was designed by the author and included questions regarding the types and quantities of fuels used, income information, and demographic data; 572 households were surveyed. The results are first aggregated by ecological zone and compared with the responses of the same households from the 1979 energy survey. Two findings emerge. First, wood consumption is lower in the high and medium potential lands. Fuelwood scarcity appears to be caused by high population density, not low ecological potential. Second, consumption of fuelwood and paraffin (i.e., kerosene) has decreased significantly over the past two years, due mainly to the increased price of the latter and the increased scarcity of the former. Next, the survey results are analyzed by way of a farm-type classification system which classifies the respondents into five groups: non-surplus farmers, surplus farmers, cash-surplus farmers, cash crop farmers, and wage workers. Finally, the analysis takes a relational perspective relying upon regression analysis. Income serves as a determinant of kerosene consumption, but not of fuelwood consumption.

  1. Energy flows in a secondary city: a case study of Nakuru, Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milukas, M.V.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Secondary cities are currently seen as an important focus for promoting a more spatially-equitable pattern of economic infrastructure in developing countries, but their energy needs have not been considered. To test the thesis of this work - that the present pattern of energy demand in secondary cities differs, in important ways, from that of primary cities - a case study was conducted in the East African city of Nakuru, Kenya. Energy supplies used in Nakuru fall into two categories: industrial sources (electricity and petroleum) and traditional sources (wood, charcoal, and agricultural residues). This analysis of Nakuru's use of industrial sources is introduced by a historical discussion of nationwide patterns of distribution, use, and pricing of electricity and petroleum products, and is followed by data gathered from Nakuru's suppliers of these energy sources. The portrait of energy use in Nakuru is completed with an analysis of the demand for traditional energy sources. Surveys were conducted to estimate the total quantities of charcoal, wood, and agricultural resides used in Nakuru. The cornerstone of this effort was a residential energy survey stratified according to income. Nakuru is shown to rely on biomass fuels (charcoal) to a much greater degree than Nairobi, thereby proving the thesis.

  2. Hydrocarbon potential of the Lamu basin of south-east Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nyagah, K.; Cloeter, J.J.; Maende, A. [National Oil Corp. of Kenya, Nairobi (Kenya)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Lamu basin occupies the coastal onshore and offshore areas of south-east Kenya. This fault bounded basin formed as a result of the Paleozoic-early Mesozoic phase of rifting that developed at the onset of Gondwana dismemberment. The resultant graben was filled by Karroo (Permian-Early Jurassic) continental siliciclastic sediments. Carbonate deposits associated with the Tethyan sea invasion, dominate the Middle to Late Jurassic basin fill. Cessation of the relative motion between Madagascar and Africa in the Early Cretaceous, heralded passive margin development and deltaic sediment progradation until the Paleogene. Shallow seas transgressed the basin in the Miocene when another carbonate regime prevailed. The basin depositional history is characterized by pulses of transgressive and regressive cycles, bounded by tectonically enhanced unconformities dividing the total sedimentary succession into discrete megasequences. Source rock strata occur within Megasequence III (Paleogene) depositional cycle and were lowered into the oil window in Miocene time, when the coastal parts of the basin experienced the greatest amount of subsidence. The tectono-eustatic pulses of the Tertiary brought about source and reservoir strata into a spatial relationship in which hydrocarbons could be entrapped. A basement high on the continental shelf has potential for Karroo sandstone and Jurassic limestone reservoirs. Halokinesis of Middle Jurassic salt in Miocene time provides additional prospects in the offshore area. Paleogene deltaic sands occur in rotated listric fault blacks. A Miocene reef Play coincides with an Eocene source rock kitchen.

  3. Noncrystallographic calcite dendrites from hot-spring deposits at Lake Bogoria, Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, B. [Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta (Canada). Dept. of Geology; Renaut, R.W. [Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon (Canada). Dept. of Geological Sciences

    1995-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Complex calcite crystals are an integral component of precipitates that form around the orifices of the Loburu and Mawe Moto hot springs on the shores of Lake bogoria, Kenya. Two types of large (up to 4 cm long) noncrystallographic dendrites are important components of these deposits. Feather dendrites are characterized by multiple levels of branching with individual branches developed through crystal splitting and spherulitic growth. Scandulitic (from Latin meaning shingle) dendrites are formed of stacked calcite crystals and are generally more compact than feather dendrites. These developed through the incremental stacking of rectangular-shaped calcite crystals that initially grew as skeletal crystals. Feather and scandulitic dendrites precipitated from the same waters in the same springs. The difference in morphology is therefore related to microenvironments in which they grew. Feather dendrites grew in any direction in pools of free-standing water provided that they were in constant contact with the solute. Conversely, scandulitic dendrites grew on rims of dams where water flowed over the surface in concert with the pulses of spring water. Thus, each calcite crystal in these dendrites represents one episode of crystal growth. The orientation of the component crystals in scandulitic dendrites is controlled by the topography of the dam or surface, not crystallographic criteria. The noncrystallographic dendrites formed from spring waters with initial temperatures of 90--99 C. Surficial water cooling, loss of CO{sub 2}, and presence of other elements that can interfere with crystal growth contributed to the formation of these unusual crystals.

  4. The earth matter effects in neutrino oscillation experiments from Tokai to Kamioka and Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaoru Hagiwara; Naotoshi Okamura; Ken-ichi Senda

    2011-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the earth matter effects in the Tokai-to-Kamioka-and-Korea experiment (T2KK), which is a proposed extension of the T2K (Tokai-to-Kamioka) neutrino oscillation experiment between J-PARC at Tokai and Super-Kamiokande (SK) in Kamioka, where an additional detector is placed in Korea along the same neutrino beam line.By using recent geophysical measurements, we examine the earth matter effects on the oscillation probabilities at Kamioka and Korea. The average matter density along the Tokai-to-Kamioka baseline is found to be 2.6 g/cm^3, and that for the Tokai-to-Korea baseline is 2.85, 2.98, and 3.05 g/cm^3 for the baseline length of L = 1000, 1100, and 1200 km, respectively. The uncertainty of the average density is about 6%, which is determined by the uncertainty in the correlation between the accurately measured sound velocity and the matter density. The effect of the matter density distribution along the baseline is studied by using the step function approximation and the Fourier analysis. We find that the nu_mu -> nu_e oscillation probability is dictated mainly by the average matter density, with small but non-negligible contribution from the real part of the first Fourier mode. We also find that the sensitivity of the T2KK experiment on the neutrino mass hierarchy does not improve significantly by reducing the matter density error from 6% to 3%, since the measurement is limited by statistics for the minimum scenario of T2KK with SK at Kamioka anda 100 kt detector in Korea considered in this report. The sensitivity of the T2KK experiment on the neutrino mass hierarchy improves significantly by splitting the total beam time into neutrino and anti-neutrino runs, because the matter effect term contributes to the oscillation amplitudes with the opposite sign.

  5. The Regulatory Challenges of Decommissioning Nuclear Power Plants in Korea - 13101

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Jungjoon; Ahn, Sangmyeon; Choi, Kyungwoo [Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety, 62 Gwahak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-338 (Korea, Republic of)] [Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety, 62 Gwahak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-338 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Juyoul; Kim, Juyub [FNC Technology, 46 Tabsil-ro, Giheung-gu, Yongin 446-902 (Korea, Republic of)] [FNC Technology, 46 Tabsil-ro, Giheung-gu, Yongin 446-902 (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As of 2012, 23 units of nuclear power plants are in operation, but there is no experience of permanent shutdown and decommissioning of nuclear power plant in Korea. It is realized that, since late 1990's, improvement of the regulatory framework for decommissioning has been emphasized constantly from the point of view of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)'s safety standards. And it is known that now IAEA prepare the safety requirement on decommissioning of facilities, its title is the Safe Decommissioning of Facilities, General Safety Requirement Part 6. According to the result of IAEA's Integrated Regulatory Review Service (IRRS) mission to Korea in 2011, it was recommended that the regulatory framework for decommissioning should require decommissioning plans for nuclear installations to be constructed and operated and these plans should be updated periodically. In addition, after the Fukushima nuclear disaster in Japan in March of 2011, preparedness for early decommissioning caused by an unexpected severe accident became also important issues and concerns. In this respect, it is acknowledged that the regulatory framework for decommissioning of nuclear facilities in Korea need to be improved. First of all, we identify the current status and relevant issues of regulatory framework for decommissioning of nuclear power plants compared to the IAEA's safety standards in order to achieve our goal. And then the plan is to be established for improvement of regulatory framework for decommissioning of nuclear power plants in Korea. After dealing with it, it is expected that the revised regulatory framework for decommissioning could enhance the safety regime on the decommissioning of nuclear power plants in Korea in light of international standards. (authors)

  6. Use Patterns of LED Flashlights in Kenya and a One-Year Cost Analysis of Flashlight Ownership

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tracy, Jennifer; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan

    2010-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Flashlight usage is widespread across much of sub-Saharan Africa.1 In Kenya in particular, over half of all households report owning a flashlight (Kamfor, 2002). Aside from household use, flashlights are also widely used to perform income-earning jobs in Kenya. Lumina Research Note No.4, the first report in this series documenting flashlight use in Kenya, highlights flashlight use patterns of night watchmen and bicycle taxi drivers. Both of these are occupations that rely on the use of flashlights on a nightly basis (Tracy et al., 2009). Also highlighted by Research Note No.4, flashlight users in Kenya have reported being highly dissatisfied with the quality of the low-cost LED flashlights that are available, and they identify several reoccurring problems they have faced as flashlight end-users (Tracy et al., 2009). The fact that there exists a substantial dependency upon flashlights in Kenya and that users are disgruntled with the available products suggests reasons for concern about flashlight quality. This concern is present despite two recent technological transitions in the flashlight market. First, LED technology has quickly emerged as the dominant source of portable lighting in Kenya, outpacing incandescent flashlights (Johnstone et al., 2009). LED technology has the potential to provide efficiency and performance benefits relative to incandescent bulbs, and low-cost LEDs have achieved price levels that make them cost competitive with conventional lighting sources for a number of applications (Mills, 2005). Second, rechargeable sealed-lead acid (SLA) batteries are also becoming more prevalent alternatives to disposable dry cell batteries. Flashlights using rechargeable SLA batteries tend to have a lower total cost of ownership over a two-year period than a flashlight using dry cell batteries (Radecsky, 2009); however, as this current report highlights, this may vary depending on the intensity of use patterns. To avoid a potential market spoiling effect for off-grid lighting products based on LED technology (Mills and Jacobson, 2008; Lighting Africa, 2007) a better understanding of flashlight use-patterns is crucial (Tracy et al., 2009). In addition, the economic implications faced by rural flashlight end-users provide further incentive for a move toward higher quality low-cost flashlights. In this report, our team uses interviews with 46 end users of flashlights to collect information about their use patterns and costs associated with owning and operating flashlight products. While flashlights used in their portable mode typically do not represent a substitute for kerosene or other forms of fuel-based lighting, at times they are used in stationary applications in place of a fuel-based lamp. In either case, these products often represent end users first exposure to LED technology and rechargeable dry cell batteries, and thus stand to either provide a positive or negative impression of these technologies for a diversity of lighting applications.

  7. Assessing Development Impacts Associated with Low Emission Development Strategies: Lessons Learned from Pilot Efforts in Kenya and Montenegro

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cox, S.; Katz, J.; Wurtenberger, L.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Low emission development strategies (LEDS) articulate economy-wide policies and implementation plans designed to enable a country to meet its long-term development objectives while reducing greenhouse gas emissions. A development impact assessment tool was developed to inform an analytically robust and transparent prioritization of LEDS actions based on their economic, social, and environmental impacts. The graphical tool helps policymakers communicate the development impacts of LEDS options and identify actions that help meet both emissions reduction and development goals. This paper summarizes the adaptation and piloting of the tool in Kenya and Montenegro. The paper highlights strengths of the tool and discusses key needs for improving it.

  8. Fecal nitrogen as an indicator of nutritional stress in steers in semi-arid rangelands of Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaabani, Salim B.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Acknowledgments and special thanks are extended to Mr. M1chael Mwikya of the Food Habits Laboratory at the Kiboko National Range Research Station, all the staff of the Station in general, and members of the Ecology Section in part1 cular for their support... National Range Research Stion ~enya . . 55 10 12 Relationship of organic matter intake (kg) to fecal soluble to total nitrogen ratio of steers grazing in C~ommi hora Savannah 1n Ki boko National Range Research 3~aon, Kenya. . 'Relationship of organic...

  9. Historical Jesus and Mokmin hermeneutics with reference to the description of Jesus in Minjung theology in Korea 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Moonjang

    1997-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The quest for the contextual meaning of the life and teaching of the historical Jesus seems to be a perennial question. Given the religious, cultural and social situation in Korea as well as in Asia generally, any ...

  10. The politics of consensus-building : case study of diesel vehicles and urban air pollution in South Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Dong-Young, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Look at the three efforts to resolve public disputes over diesel passenger cars and urban air quality management in South Korea. this dissertation explores the main obstacles in nascent democracies to meeting the necessary ...

  11. Deltaic sedimentation in saline, alkaline Lake Bogoria, Kenya: Response to environmental change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Renaut, R.W. (Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon (Canada). Dept. of Geological Sciences); Tiercelin, J.J. (Univ. Bretagne Occidentale, Brest (France). Domaines Oceaniques)

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lake Bogoria is a meromictic, saline (90 g/l TDS), alkaline (pH: 10.3) lake with Na-CO[sub 3]-Cl waters, located in a narrow half-graben in the central Kenya Rift. It is fed by hot springs, direct precipitation, and a series of ephemeral streams that discharge into the lake via small deltas and fan-deltas. Examination of the exposed deltas and >50 short cores from the lake floor, have revealed a wide range of deltaic and prodeltaic sediments, including turbidites and subaqueous debris-flow deposits. Studies of 3 long cores and the exposed delta stratigraphy have shown how the style of deltaic sedimentation has responded to environmental changes during the last 30,000 years. During humid periods when lake level is high the lake waters are fresher and less dense. Theoretically, high sediment yield and more constant discharge may promote underflow (hyperpycnal flow), generating low-density turbidity currents. In contrast, during low stages with dense brine, the less dense, inflowing waters carry fine sediment plumes toward the center of the lake where they settle from suspension (hypopycnal flow). Although applicable as a general model, the sediment record shows that reality is more complex. Variations in meromixis and level of the chemocline, together with local and temporal differences in sediment yield and discharge, may permit density flows even when the lake is under a predominant hypopycnal regime. During periods of aridity when sodium carbonate evaporites were forming, exposed delta plains were subject to desiccation with local development of calcrete and zeolitic paleosols.

  12. Origin of platy calcite crystals in hot-spring deposits in the Kenya Rift Valley

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, B. [Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta (Canada). Dept. of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences; Renault, R.W. [Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan (Canada). Dept. of Geological Sciences

    1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Platy calcite crystals, which have their c axis parallel to their shortest length axis, are common components of travertine deposits found around some hot springs in the Kenya Rift Valley. They are composite crystals formed of numerous paper-thin subcrystals. Individual plates allowed to grow without obstruction develop a hexagonal motif. The Kenyan crystals typically form in hot (>75 C) waters that have a low Ca content (<10 mg/l), a high CO{sub 2} content, and a high rate of CO{sub 2} degassing. At Chemurkeu, aggregates of numerous small platy crystals collectively form lattice crystals that superficially resemble ray crystals. The walls of the lattice crystals are formed of large platy crystals that have their long and intermediate length axes aligned parallel to the plane of the long axis of the lattice crystal. Internally, the lattice crystals are formed of small platy calcite crystals arranged in a boxlike pattern that creates the appearance of a lattice when viewed in thin section. Lattice crystals are highly porous, with each pore being enclosed by platy crystals. At Lorusio, travertines are mainly formed of pseudodentrites that are constructed by numerous small platy crystals attached to a main stem which is a large platy crystal that commonly curves along its long axis. The pseudodentrites are the main construction blocks in ledges and lilypads that form in the vent pool and spring outflow channels, where the water is too hot for microbes other than hyperthermophiles. The platy calcite crystals in the Kenyan travertines are morphologically similar to platy calcite crystals that form as scale in pipes in the geothermal fields of New Zealand and hydrothermal angel wing calcite from the La Fe mine in Mexico. Comparison of the Kenyan and New Zealand crystals indicates that platy calcite crystals form from waters with a low Ca{sup 2+} content and a high CO{sub 3}/Ca ratio due to rapid rates of CO{sub 2} degassing.

  13. Model for trace metal exposure in filter-feeding flamingos at alkaline Rift Valley Lake, Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, Y.M.; DiSante, C.J.; Lion, L.W. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). School of Civil and Environmental Engineering; Thampy, R.J.; Raini, J.A. [Worldwide Fund for Nature, Nakuru (Kenya). Lake Nakuru Conservation and Development Project; Motelin, G.K. [Egerton Univ., Njoro (Kenya). Dept. of Animal Health

    1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Toxic trace metals have been implicated as a potential cause of recent flamingo kills at Lake Nakuru, Kenya. Chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), lead (Pb), and zinc (Zn) have accumulated in the lake sediments as a result of unregulated discharges and because this alkaline lake has no natural outlet. Lesser flamingos (Phoeniconaias minor) at Lake Nakuru feed predominantly on the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis, and because of their filter-feeding mechanism, they are susceptible to exposure to particle-bound metals. Trace metal adsorption isotherms to lake sediments and S. platensis were obtained under simulated lake conditions, and a mathematical model was developed to predict metal exposure via filter feeding based on predicted trace metal phase distribution. Metal adsorption to suspended solids followed the trend Pb {much_gt} Zn > Cr > Cu, and isotherms were linear up to 60 {micro}g/L. Adsorption to S. platensis cells followed the trend Pb {much_gt} Zn > Cu > Cr and fit Langmuir isotherms for Cr, Cu and Zn and a linear isotherm for Pb. Predicted phase distributions indicated that Cr and Pb in Lake Nakuru are predominantly associated with suspended solids, whereas Cu and Zn are distributed more evenly between the dissolved phase and particulate phases of both S. platensis and suspended solids. Based on established flamingo feeding rates and particle size selection, predicted Cr and Pb exposure occurs predominantly through ingestion of suspended solids, whereas Cu and Zn exposure occurs through ingestion of both suspended solids and S. platensis. For the lake conditions at the time of sampling, predicted ingestion rates based on measured metal concentrations in lake suspended solids were 0.71, 6.2, 0.81, and 13 mg/kg-d for Cr, Cu, Pb, and Zn, respectively.

  14. The origin of hydrothermal and other gases in the Kenya Rift Valley

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Darling, W.G. [British Geological Survey, Wallingford (United Kingdom)] [British Geological Survey, Wallingford (United Kingdom); Griesshaber, E. [Max-Planck Institut fuer Chemie, Mainz (Germany)] [Max-Planck Institut fuer Chemie, Mainz (Germany); Andrews, J.N. [Univ. of Reading (United Kingdom)] [and others] [Univ. of Reading (United Kingdom); and others

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Kenya Rift Valley (KRV) is part of a major continental rift system from which much outgassing is presently occurring. Previous research on gases in the KRV has tended to concentrate on their geothermal implications; the present paper is an attempt to broaden the interpretation by consideration of new data including helium and carbon isotope analyses from a wide cross-section of sites. In order to do this, gases have been divided into categories dependent on origin. N{sub 2} and noble gases are for the most part atmospherically derived, although their relative concentrations may be altered from ASW ratios by various physical processes. Reduced carbon (CH{sub 4} and homologues) appears to be exclusively derived from the shallow crust, with thermogenic {delta}{sup 13}C values averaging -25{per_thousand} PDB for CH{sub 4}. H{sub 2} is likely also to be crustally formed. CO{sub 2}, generally a dominant constituent, has a narrow {delta}{sup 13}C range averaging -3.7{per_thousand} PDB, and is likely to be derived with little modification from the upper mantle. Consideration of the ratio C/{sup 3}He supports this view in most cases. Sulphur probably also originates there. Ratios of {sup 3}He/{sup 4}He reach a MORB-like maximum of 8.0 R/R{sub A} and provide the best indication of an upper mantle source of gases beneath the KRV. A correlation between {sup 3}He/{sup 4}He and the hydrocarbon parameter log (C{sub 1}/{Sigma}C{sub 2-4}) appears to be primarily temperature related. The highest {sup 3}He/{sup 4}He ratios in spring waters are associated with basalts, perhaps because of the leaching of basalt glasses. There may be a structural control on {sup 3}He/{sup 4}He ratios in the KRV as a whole.

  15. Stratigraphy and rifting history of the Mesozoic-Cenozoic Anza rift, Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Winn, R.D. Jr.; Steinmetz, J.C. (Marathon Oil Co., Littleton, CO (United States)); Kerekgyarto, W.L. (Marathon Oil Co., Houston, TX (United States))

    1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lithological and compositional relationships, thicknesses, and palynological data from drilling cuttings from five wells in the Anza rift, Kenya, indicate active rifting during the Late Cretaceous and Eocene-Oligocene. The earlier rifting possibly started in the Santonian-Coniacian, primarily occurred in the Campanian, and probably extended into the Maastrichtian. Anza rift sedimentation was in lacustrine, lacustrine-deltaic, fluvial, and flood-basin environments. Inferred synrift intervals in wells are shalier, thicker, more compositionally immature, and more poorly sorted than Lower Cretaceous ( )-lower Upper Cretaceous and upper Oligocene( )-Miocene interrift deposits. Synrift sandstone is mostly feldspathic or arkosic wacke. Sandstone deposited in the Anza basin during nonrift periods is mostly quartz arenite, and is coarser and has a high proportion of probable fluvial deposits relative to other facies. Volcanic debris is absent in sedimentary strata older than Pliocene-Holocene, although small Cretaceous intrusions are present in the basin. Cretaceous sandstone is cemented in places by laumontite, possibly recording Campanian extension. Early Cretaceous history of the Anza basin is poorly known because of the limited strata sampled; Jurassic units were not reached. Cretaceous rifting in the Anza basin was synchronous with rifting in Sudan and with the breakup and separation of South America and Africa; these events likely were related. Eocene-Oligocene extension in the Anza basin reflects different stresses. The transition from active rifting to passive subsidence in the Anza basin at the end of the Neogene, in turn, records a reconfigured response of east African plates to stresses and is correlated with formation of the East Africa rift.

  16. Comparison of emissions and residential exposure from traditional and improved cookstoves in Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ezzati, M.; Mbinda, B.M.; Kammen, D.M.

    2000-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Suspended particulate matter and carbon emissions from the combustion of biomass, in addition to their environmental consequences, have been causally associated with the incidence of respiratory and eye infections. Improved stoves offer the potential for emissions reduction. The authors compare the emissions of suspended particulate matter and carbon monoxide from traditional and improved biofuel stoves in Kenya under the actual conditions of household use. Data for analysis is from 137 14-h days of continuous real-time emission concentration monitoring in a total of 38 households. Their analysis shows that improved (ceramic) wood-burning stoves reduce daily average suspended particulate matter concentration by 48% during the active burning period and by 77% during the smoldering phase. Ceramic stoves also reduce the median and the 75th and 95th percentiles of daily emission concentration during the burning period and the 95th percentile during the smoldering phase, and therefore shift the overall emission profile downward. Improved charcoal-burning stoves also offer reductions in indoor air pollution compared to the traditional metal stove, but these are not statistically significant. The greatest reduction in emission concentration is achieved as a result of transition from wood to charcoal where mean emission concentrations drop by 87% during the burning period and by 92% when smoldering as well as large reductions in the median and 75th and 95th percentiles. These results indicate that transition to charcoal, followed by the use of improved wood stoves, are viable options for reduction of human exposure to indoor air pollution in many developing nations.

  17. Miocene paleomagnetic data from southeastern Korea: implications on models for opening of the Japan Sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Jiwon

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1989) Jiwon Han, B. S. , Hanyang University Chair of Advisory Committee: Robert J. McCabe Early Miocene to middle Miocene age samples were collected from 30 paleo- magnetic sites from southeastern Korea. The characteristic directions of magne...- tization were determined by use of vector plots after AF and thermal demagne- tization. The mean paleomagnetic direction for 25 sites (14 normal polarity snd 11 reversed polarity) is D = 39. 4', I = 46. 2' (ass ? 9. 4', k=10. 3). Five sites which...

  18. Republic of Korea Reduction of Financing Barriers for Energy Savings Performance Contracts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Howard, D. L.

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses the findings developed for strengthening the role of performance contracting in improving energy efficiency in the Republic of Korea. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) sponsored development of this paper by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), as a part of the Korean-U.S. Climate Technology Partnerships (CTP) program. The results and recommendations outlined in this paper together with other efforts are designed to assist other countries striving to improve their efficient use of energy.

  19. The trend of digital control system design for nuclear power plants in Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, S. H.; Jung, H. Y.; Yang, C. Y.; Choe, I. N. [Korea Power Engineering Company, 360-9 Mabuk-Dong, Yongin-Si, Gyeonggi-Do, 446-713 (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently there are 20 nuclear power plants (NPPs) in operation, and 6 more units are under construction in Korea. The control systems of those NPPs have also been developed together with the technology advancement. Control systems started with On-Off control using the relay logic, had been evolved into Solid-State logic using TTL ICs, and applied with the micro-processors since the Yonggwang NPP Units 3 and 4 which started its construction in 1989. Multiplexers are also installed at the local plant areas to collect field input and to send output signals while communicating with the controllers located in the system cabinets near the main control room in order to reduce the field wiring cables. The design of the digital control system technology for the NPPs in Korea has been optimized to maximize the operability as well as the safety through the design, construction, start-up and operation experiences. Both Shin-Kori Units 1 and 2 and Shin-Wolsong Units 1 and 2 NPP projects under construction are being progressed at the same time. Digital Plant Control Systems of these projects have adopted multi-loop controllers, redundant loop configuration, and soft control system for the radwaste system. Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) and Distributed Control System (DCS) are applied with soft control system in Shin-Kori Units 3 and 4. This paper describes the evolvement of control system at the NPPs in Korea and the experience and design improvement through the observation of the latest failure of the digital control system. In addition, design concept and its trend of the digital control system being applied to the NPP in Korea are introduced. (authors)

  20. An analysis of the production and manufacture of the modified clay pot at the Oriang Women's Pottery Group, the Amilo-Rangwe Pottery Group, and the Kinda E Teko Pottery Group in Nyanza Province, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pihulic, Michael P. (Michael Phillip), 1982-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In response to the growing demands for safe water supplies and the absence of a central infrastructure capable of meeting those demands, CARE-Kenya has implemented a safe water storage program at the household level. Central ...

  1. Korea's Newly Enacted Unified Bankruptcy Act: The Role of the New Act in Facilitating (or Discouraging) the Transfer of Corporate Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ko, Haksoo

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    perspective of corporate governance, the decision whether toefforts to implement corporate governance reforms and otherthe weakness of the corporate governance mechanism in Korea,

  2. Slide08 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Current Information Partners in WorldWideScience.org (cont.) Kenya Korea Lesotho Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Malawi Mauritius The Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria Portugal Senegal South...

  3. Solid-State Lighting on a Shoestring Budget: The Economics of Off-Grid Lighting for Small Businesses in Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Radecsky, Kristen; Johnstone, Peter; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan

    2008-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    superior lighting services to low income people in off-grid areas of developing countries, many of whom currently rely on fuel based lighting sources such as kerosene. If this potential is to be achieved in the near term, however, manufacturers must produce off-grid lighting products that are inexpensive, perform well, and meet the needs of potential end users. At present, relatively few products meet all three of these goals. In this article, we report results from a detailed study of lighting use by micro-enterprises in two small towns in Kenya's Rift Valley Province. The work included a survey about lighting use by 50 small businesses, careful measurements of kerosene lighting use patterns and associated costs for 23 of these businesses, and a subsequent field trial in which 14 of the 23 businesses purchased and used low cost LED lamps over a number of months.

  4. Combining MSS and AVHRR imagery to assess vegetation biomass and dynamics in an arid pastoral ecosystem, Turkana District, Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ellis, J.E.; Swift, D.M.; Hart, T.C.; Dick, O.B.

    1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Landsat multi-spectral scanner (MSS) imagery was used to develop a vegetation type-biomass map of the 84,000 Km/sup 2/ Turkana District, Kenya. NOAA satellite advanced very high resolution radiometry (AVHRR) imagery was overlaid on the MSS map to trace the seasonal and annual dynamics of vegetation communities used by Turkana pastoral nomads, 1981-1984. Four regions (sub-sectional territories) were compared with respect to peak herbaceous biomass, woody canopy cover, and seasonal fluxes in total green biomass. Results demonstrated major variations among regions and between wet and dry season ranges within regions. Pastoral land use patterns appear to minimize effects of seasonal vegetation fluxes on livestock herds.

  5. Truman, Congress and the struggle for war and peace in Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blomstedt, Larry Wayne

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    quoted in Stephen Whitfield, The Culture of the Cold War (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991), 60; ?Impeach Truman,? Chicago Tribune, 12 April 1951, p. 1; Short quoted in David Rees, Korea: The Limited War (New York: St. Martin?s Press... in their struggle against the Communists. Realizing the futility of continued American support of the Nationalists, Acheson generated a 1,054-page ?white paper? on America?s China policy in late July 1949. The report concluded that popular support for Chiang had...

  6. Sabine Pass, LA Exports to Korea Liquefied Natural Gas (Million Cubic Feet)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousand CubicCubic Feet)ThousandKorea Liquefied Natural Gas

  7. Description of a New Planktonic Mixotrophic Dinoflagellate Paragymnodinium shiwhaense n. gen., n. sp. from the Coastal Waters off Western Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeong, Hae Jin

    , College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-921, Korea, and g Marine not have a nuclear envelope chamber nor a nuclear fibrous connective (NFC). Cells contain chloroplasts the Gymnodinium sensu stricto clade. However, in contrast to Gymnodinium spp., cells lack nuclear envelope

  8. Development of an Integrated Natural Barrier Database System for Site Evaluation of a Deep Geologic Repository in Korea - 13527

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jung, Haeryong; Lee, Eunyong; Jeong, YiYeong; Lee, Jeong-Hwan [Korea Radioactive-waste Management Corportation - KRMC, 1045 Daedeokdaero, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-353 (Korea, Republic of)] [Korea Radioactive-waste Management Corportation - KRMC, 1045 Daedeokdaero, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-353 (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Korea Radioactive-waste Management Corporation (KRMC) established in 2009 has started a new project to collect information on long-term stability of deep geological environments on the Korean Peninsula. The information has been built up in the integrated natural barrier database system available on web (www.deepgeodisposal.kr). The database system also includes socially and economically important information, such as land use, mining area, natural conservation area, population density, and industrial complex, because some of this information is used as exclusionary criteria during the site selection process for a deep geological repository for safe and secure containment and isolation of spent nuclear fuel and other long-lived radioactive waste in Korea. Although the official site selection process has not been started yet in Korea, current integrated natural barrier database system and socio-economic database is believed that the database system will be effectively utilized to narrow down the number of sites where future investigation is most promising in the site selection process for a deep geological repository and to enhance public acceptance by providing readily-available relevant scientific information on deep geological environments in Korea. (authors)

  9. ISOFIC/ISSNP 2014, Jeju, Korea, August 24~28, 2014 1 An Integrated Software Development Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Research Institute Republic of Korea (choijg@kaeri.re.kr) Abstract: NuDE 2.0 (Nuclear Development Environment) is a model-based software development environment for safety- critical digital systems in nuclear as an implementation platform of safety-critical digital systems in nuclear power plants, such as RPS (Reactor

  10. Absentee herd owners and part-time pastoralists: the political economy of resource use in northern Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Little, P.D.

    1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The prevalence of absentee herd ownership in Africa's pastoral areas is increasing. Its presence has important implications both for local resource management systems and for research programs that address pastoral ecology and related topics. This paper examines patterns of absentee herd ownership in the Baringo District of northern Kenya. This region has been the source of much debate regarding herder ''mismanagement'' of range lands. Three categories of absentee herd owners are discussed in the paper: (1) ranchers, (2) livestock traders, and (3) townsmen. It is suggested that the blame for some of the apparent resource mismanagement in the region may lie more with actors in these categories than with the pastoralists themselves. Data collected during an 18-month period in 1980-1981 on pastoral ecology, grazing patterns, and tenure institutions are presented in support of the argument. The paper concludes with a comparative analysis of contemporary resource management strategies in pastoral Africa, emphasizing that: (1) the Baringo case is not an isolated anomaly, and (2) a new orientation toward pastoral studies is warranted.

  11. Sediment infill within rift basins: Facies distribution and effects of deformation: Examples from the Kenya and Tanganyika Rifts, East Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tiercelin, J.J.; Lezzar, K.E. (Universite de Bretagne Occidentale, Brest (France)); Richert, J.P. (Elf Aquitaine, Pau (France))

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Oil is known from lacustrine basins of the east African rift. The geology of such basins is complex and different depending on location in the eastern and western branches. The western branch has little volcanism, leading to long-lived basins, such as Lake Tanganyika, whereas a large quantity of volcanics results in the eastern branch characterized by ephemeral basins, as the Baringo-Bogoria basin in Kenya. The Baringo-Bogoria basin is a north-south half graben formed in the middle Pleistocene and presently occupied by the hypersaline Lake Bogoria and the freshwater Lake Baringo. Lake Bogoria is fed by hot springs and ephemeral streams controlled by grid faults bounding the basin to the west. The sedimentary fill is formed by cycles of organic oozes having a good petroleum potential and evaporites. On the other hand, and as a consequence of the grid faults, Lake Baringo is fed by permanent streams bringing into the basin large quantities of terrigenous sediments. Lake Tanganyika is a meromictic lake 1470 m deep and 700 km long, of middle Miocene age. It is subdivided into seven asymmetric half grabens separated by transverse ridges. The sedimentary fill is thick and formed by organic oozes having a very good petroleum potential. In contrast to Bogoria, the lateral distribution of organic matter is characterized by considerable heterogeneity due to the existence of structural blocks or to redepositional processes.

  12. Single-crystal sup 40 Ar/ sup 39 Ar dating of the Olorgesailie Formation, southern Kenya rift

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deino, A. (Geochronology Center of the Inst. of Human Origins, Berkeley, CA (United States)); Potts, R. (Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC (United States))

    1990-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Single-crystal laser fusion {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar analyses and several conventional bulk fusion {sup 40}K- {sup 40}Ar dates have been used to determine the age of volcaniclastic strata within the Olorgesailie Formation and of associated volcanic and sedimentary units of the southern Kenya rift. In the principal exposures along the southern edge of the Legemunge Plain, the formation spans the interval from approximately 500 to 1,000 ka. Deposition continued to the east along the Ol Keju Nyiro river where a tuff near the top of the formation has been dated at 215 ka. In these exposures, the formation is unconformably overlain by sediments dated at 49 ka. A possible source for the Olorgesailie tephra, the Ol Doinyo Nyokie volcanic complex, contains as ash flow dated at {approximately} 1 Ma, extending the known age range of this complex to encompass that of virtually the entire Olorgesailie Formation in the Legemunge Plain. These geologic examples illustrate the importance of the single-crystal {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar dating technique whereby contaminant, altered, or otherwise aberrant grains can be identified and eliminated from the determination of eruptive ages for reworked or altered pyroclastic deposits. The authors have presented a computer-modeling procedure based on an inverse-isochron analysis that promotes a more objective approach to trimming {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar isotope data sets of this type.

  13. Measurements and interpretation of delta C sup 13 of methane from termites, rice paddies, and wetlands in Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tyler, S.C.; Zimmerman, P.R.; Cumberbatch, C.; Greenberg, J.P.; Westberg, C. (National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (USA))

    1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ratios of C{sup 13}/C{sup 12} have been measured in methane from a variety of sources in tropical Kenya. Ranges of delta-C{sup 13} in CH{sub 4} for termites (most values range from {minus}56 to {minus}64{per thousand}, one is at {minus}44{per thousand}), one is at approximately {minus}73{per thousand}, rice paddies (range {minus}57 to {minus}63{per thousand}), and wetlands (range-45 to {minus}50{per thousand} for Lake Baringo, approximately {minus}55{per thousand} in the Moloi River, approximately {minus}62{per thousand} and approximately {minus}31{per thousand} in two swamp areas) are presented. The data are interpreted with the help of additional measurements of delta-C{sup 13} of CO{sub 2} gas, and organic carbon in plant material, termite bodies, and termite fungus combs. The implications of these findings are related to the problem of studying the atmospheric methane budget. 40 refs., 2 figs. 5 tabs.

  14. The City as a national growth machine : city-building and the role of urban development in South Korea's political and economic transitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joo, Yu Min

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation bridges the fields of international development and urban studies to examine South Korea's city building and urban development processes, arguing that the interaction between urban and industrial policies ...

  15. An Analysis of Relationships between the Green Building Certification System for Multi-family Housing (GBCS-MF) Scores and Resident Perception Ratings in Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Joo Hyun

    2013-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation investigates the relationships between the scores of the Green Building Certification System for Multifamily Housing (GBCS-MF) and resident perception ratings in South Korea. Sustainability has become important in architecture...

  16. Investigation of relativistic runaway electrons in electron cyclotron resonance heating discharges on Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kang, C. S. [Department of Plasma Physics and Nuclear Fusion, Korea University of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-350 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, S. G., E-mail: sglee@nfri.re.kr [Department of Plasma Physics and Nuclear Fusion, Korea University of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-350 (Korea, Republic of); National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon 305-806 (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The behavior of relativistic runaway electrons during Electron Cyclotron Resonance Heating (ECRH) discharges is investigated in the Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research device. The effect of the ECRH on the runaway electron population is discussed. Observations on the generation of superthermal electrons during ECRH will be reported, which will be shown to be consistent with existing theory for the development of a superthermal electron avalanche during ECRH [A. Lazaros, Phys. Plasmas 8, 1263 (2001)].

  17. sup 40 Ar/ sup 39 Ar age calibration of the litho- and paleomagnetic stratigraphies of the Ngorora Formation, Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deino, A.; Drake, R. (Institute of Human Origins, Berkeley, CA (USA)); Tauxe, L. (Scripps Institute of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA (USA)); Monaghan, M. (Univ. of Chicago, IL (USA))

    1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Precise eruptive ages have been determined by the laser-fusion, single-crystal {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar method for juvenile volcanic feldspars from reworked and contaminated volcaniclastic rocks of the middle Miocene Ngorora Formation, Kenya Rift Valley. These ages range from 13.06 Ma at the base to 10.51 Ma toward the top of the type section near Kabarsero. Correlation of the local paleomagnetic stratigraphies with the geomagnetic reversal time scale yields magnetochronologic age estimates that are younger than the isotopic ages by an average of 0.18 Ma. Much of the discrepancy can be eliminated if an inferred change in sea-floor spreading rate occurred at 13 Ma or earlier, rather than at 10.42 Ma as previously suggested. Sedimentation rates at Kabarsero calculated from the {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar results decrease from initial values of {approximately}25 cm/1,000 yr to {approximately}5 cm/1,000 yr toward the top of the section. The initial rapid sedimentation rates characterize the first 0.1 to 0.3 m.y. following emplacement of the underlying, voluminous, basin-filling Tiim Phonolites, indicating that the Baringo Basin at this time may not have existed as a rift valley created by extensional tectonics, but instead may have been a subsidence feature formed in response to removal of large volumes of magma from the lithosphere. A premolar tentatively identified as Proconsul sp. indet. found in the Ngorora Formation near the village of Bartabwa has been dated at {approximately}12.42 Ma, representing perhaps the last known occurrence of this genus in the fossil record.

  18. Education about environmental issues, conservation, and management: a study of form four secondary school pupils' concerns about environmental issues in Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maghenda, W.M.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study is threefold: first, to develop and administer a questionnaire designed to determine Kenyan students' concerns about environmental issues; second to investigate the primary environmental factors facing the country; and finally, to utilize the findings of the study to develop a conceptual framework for environmental education in Kenya. To develop an environmental education framework for Kenya, baseline data was obtained from a survey of Form IV secondary school students' concerns about environmental issues. A split-half technique was used to establish the reliability of the questionnaire. Factor analysis was used to test the construct validity of the questionnaire and as a data reduction method. This technique resulted in reducing the 81 items developed for the study to eight Factor as follows: (F1) Land use and health stresses; (F2) Community environmental risks; (F3) National environmental problems; (F4) Careless land use practices at community level; (F5) Socioeconomic elements; (F6) Sources of environmental information; (F7) Careless land use at national level; and (F8) Primary population pressures. Results are presented briefly.

  19. Development of frequency modulation reflectometer for Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research tokamak

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seo, Seong-Heon; Wi, H. M.; Lee, W. R.; Kim, H. S.; Lee, T. G.; Kim, Y. S. [National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon 305-333 (Korea, Republic of)] [National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon 305-333 (Korea, Republic of); Park, Jinhyung [University of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-333 (Korea, Republic of)] [University of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-333 (Korea, Republic of); Kang, Jin-Seob [Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Daejeon 305-340 (Korea, Republic of)] [Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Daejeon 305-340 (Korea, Republic of); Bog, M. G. [Yoonseul, Daejeon 306-120 (Korea, Republic of)] [Yoonseul, Daejeon 306-120 (Korea, Republic of); Yokota, Y.; Mase, A. [Kyushu University, Kasuga 816-8580 (Japan)] [Kyushu University, Kasuga 816-8580 (Japan)

    2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Frequency modulation reflectometer has been developed to measure the plasma density profile of the Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research tokamak. Three reflectometers are operating in extraordinary polarization mode in the frequency range of Q band (33.6–54 GHz), V band (48–72 GHz), and W band (72–108 GHz) to measure the density up to 7 × 10{sup 19} m{sup ?3} when the toroidal magnetic field is 2 T on axis. The antenna is installed inside of the vacuum vessel. A new vacuum window is developed by using 50 ?m thick mica film and 0.1 mm thick gold gasket. The filter bank of low pass filter, notch filter, and Faraday isolator is used to reject the electron cyclotron heating high power at attenuation of 60 dB. The full frequency band is swept in 20 ?s. The mixer output is directly digitized with sampling rate of 100 MSamples/s. The phase is obtained by using wavelet transform. The whole hardware and software system is described in detail and the measured density profile is presented as a result.

  20. First results on disruption mitigation by massive gas injection in Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu Yaowei [National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon 305-806 (Korea, Republic of); Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031 (China); Kim, Young-Ok; Kim, Hak-Kun; Kim, Hong-Tack; Kim, Woong-Chae; Kim, Kwang-Pyo; Son, Soo-Hyun; Bang, Eun-Nam; Hong, Suk-Ho; Yoon, Si-Woo [National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon 305-806 (Korea, Republic of); Zhuang Huidong [Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031 (China); Chen Zhongyong [Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China)

    2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Massive gas injection (MGI) system was developed on Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research (KSTAR) in 2011 campaign for disruption studies. The MGI valve has a volume of 80 ml and maximum injection pressure of 50 bar, the diameter of valve orifice to vacuum vessel is 18.4 mm, the distance between MGI valve and plasma edge is {approx}3.4 m. The MGI power supply employs a large capacitor of 1 mF with the maximum voltage of 3 kV, the valve can be opened in less than 0.1 ms, and the amount of MGI can be controlled by the imposed voltage. During KSTAR 2011 campaign, MGI disruptions are carried out by triggering MGI during the flat top of circular and limiter discharges with plasma current 400 kA and magnetic field 2-3.5 T, deuterium injection pressure 39.7 bar, and imposed voltage 1.1-1.4 kV. The results show that MGI could mitigate the heat load and prevent runaway electrons with proper MGI amount, and MGI penetration is deeper under higher amount of MGI or lower magnetic field. However, plasma start-up is difficult after some of D{sub 2} MGI disruptions due to the high deuterium retention and consequently strong outgassing of deuterium in next shot, special effort should be made to get successful plasma start-up after deuterium MGI under the graphite first wall.

  1. Self-reported Impacts of LED Lighting Technology Compared to Fuel-based Lighting on Night Market Business Prosperity in Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnstone, Peter; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan; Mumbi, Maina

    2009-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The notion of"productive use" is often invoked in discussions about whether new technologies improve productivity or otherwise enhance commerce in developing-country contexts. It an elusive concept,especially when quantitative measures are sought. Improved and more energy efficient illumination systems for off-gridapplication--the focus of the Lumina Project--provide a case in which a significant productivity benefit can be imagined, given the importance of light to the successful performance of many tasks, and the very low quality of baseline illumination provided by flame-based source. This Research Note summarizes self-reported quantitative and qualitative impacts of switching to LED lighting technology on the prosperity of night-market business owners and operators. The information was gathered in the context of our 2008 market testing field work in Kenya?s Rift Valley Province, which was performed in the towns of Maai Mahiu and Karagita by Arne Jacobson, Kristen Radecsky, Peter Johnstone, Maina Mumbi, and others. Maai Mahiu is a crossroads town; provision of services to travelers and freight carriers is a primary income source for the residents. In contrast, the primary income for Karagita's residents is from work in the large, factory style flower farms on the eastern shores of Lake Naivasha that specialize in producing cut flowers for export to the European market. According to residents, both towns had populations of 6,000 to 8,000 people in June 2008. We focused on quantifying the economics of fuel-based and LED lighting technology in the context of business use by night market vendors and shop keepers. Our research activities with the business owners and operators included baseline measurement of their fuel-based lighting use, an initial survey, offering for sale data logger equipped rechargeable LED lamps, monitoring the adoption of the LED lamps, and a follow-up survey.

  2. Measurement uncertainties for vacuum standards at Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hong, S. S.; Shin, Y. H.; Chung, K. H. [Vacuum Center, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Daejeon 305-600 (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science has three major vacuum systems: an ultrasonic interferometer manometer (UIM) (Sec. II, Figs. 1 and 2) for low vacuum, a static expansion system (SES) (Sec. III, Figs. 3 and 4) for medium vacuum, and an orifice-type dynamic expansion system (DES) (Sec. IV, Figs. 5 and 6) for high and ultrahigh vacuum. For each system explicit measurement model equations with multiple variables are, respectively, given. According to ISO standards, all these system variable errors were used to calculate the expanded uncertainty (U). For each system the expanded uncertainties (k=1, confidence level=95%) and relative expanded uncertainty (expanded uncertainty/generated pressure) are summarized in Table IV and are estimated to be as follows. For UIM, at 2.5-300 Pa generated pressure, the expanded uncertainty is <4.17x10{sup -2} Pa and the relative expanded uncertainty is <1.18x10{sup -2}; at 1-100 kPa generated pressure, the expanded uncertainty is <7.87 Pa and the relative expanded uncertainty is <7.84x10{sup -5}. For SES, at 3-100 Pa generated pressure, the expanded uncertainty is <1.77x10{sup -1} Pa and the relative expanded uncertainty is <1.81x10{sup -3}. For DES, at 4.6x10{sup -3}-1.3x10{sup -2} Pa generated pressure, the expanded uncertainty is <1.04x10{sup -4} Pa and the relative expanded uncertainty is <8.37x10{sup -3}; at 3.0x10{sup -6}-9.0x10{sup -4} Pa generated pressure, the expanded uncertainty is <8.21x10{sup -6} Pa and the relative expanded uncertainty is <1.37x10{sup -2}. Within uncertainty limits our bilateral and key comparisons [CCM.P-K4 (10 Pa-1 kPa)] are extensive and in good agreement with those of other nations (Fig. 8 and Table V)

  3. Data base of chemical explosions in Kazakhstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Demin, V.N. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Malahova, M.N. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Martysevich, P.N. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Mihaylova, N.N. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Nurmagambetov, A. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Kopnichev, Yu.F. D. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan); Edomin, V.I. [National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan Institute of Geophysical Researches (Kazakhstan)

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Within the bounds of this report, the following works were done: (1) Information about explosion quarries, located in Southern, Eastern and Northern Kasakstan was summarized. (2) The general information about seismicity of areas of location of explosion quarries was adduced. (3) The system of observation and seismic apparatus, recording the local earthquakes and quarry explosions at the territory of Kazakstan were described. (4) Data base of quarry explosions, that were carried out in Southern, Eastern and Northern Kazakstan during 1995 and first half of 1996 year was adduced. (5) Upon the data of registration of explosions in Southern Kazakstan the correlative dependences between power class of explosions and summary weight of charge were constructed. (6) Seismic records of quarry explosions were adduced. It is necessary to note, that the collection of data about quarry explosions in Kazakstan in present time is very difficult task. Organizations, that makes these explosions, are always suffering reorganizations and sometimes it is actually impossible to receive all the necessary information. Some quarries are situated in remote, almost inaccessible regions, and within the bounds of supplier financing not the every quarry was in success to visit. So the present data base upon the chemical explosions for 1995 is not full and in further it`s expansion is possible.

  4. Language and identification in contemporary Kazakhstan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Munday, Emma Rachel

    2010-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In the years since the dissolution of the Soviet Union Central Asia has experienced wide-reaching and ongoing social change. The structures and values of all social strata have been questioned and re-evaluated in a ...

  5. US, UK, Kazakhstan Secure Radiological Transportation Vehicles...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    than 10 metric tons of highly enriched uranium (HEU); Ongoing conversion of the research reactor at the Institute of Nuclear Physics from HEU to low enriched uranium and the...

  6. Macromolecular Research, Vol. 18, No. 8, pp 800-805 (2010) www.springer.com/13233 The Polymer Society of Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hirst, Linda

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Society of Korea Supramolecular Honeycomb and Columnar Assemblies Formed by Self-Assembly of Coil-organize into a variety of supramolecular structures in the bulk state. This paper reports the synthesis and self segments. The self-assembling behav- ior of these materials, which was investigated by differential

  7. Assistant or Associate Professor, Environment/Energy Policy, KAIST The Graduate School of Science and Technology Policy (STP) at Korea Advanced Institute of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Yong Jung

    Assistant or Associate Professor, Environment/Energy Policy, KAIST The Graduate School of Science and Technology Policy (STP) at Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) invites applications in candidates who focus on energy and environmental policy. Areas of interest include, but are not limited to

  8. Pacific Basin Nuclear Conference (PBNC 2012), BEXCO, Busan, Korea, March 18 ~ 23, 2012 CHALLENGES OF CYBER SECURITY FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Kwangjo

    .kim@kustar.ac.ae Abstract Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) become one of the most important infrastructures in providing improvement. 1. Introduction Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) become one of the most important infrastructures PBNC 2012 CHALLENGES OF CYBER SECURITY FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS Kwangjo Kim KAIST, Daejeon, Korea

  9. Valrie Gelzeau European Journal of East Asian Studies, 9-1, 2010, pp. 1-24 Beyond the "Long Partition" from divisive geographies of Korea to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    -man's land ribbon winding along and around the 38th parallel, still one of the closest on the planet paradigm has been expressed in South Korea by the focus on various embodiments of the developmental State peninsula and its regions), national (two Korean States), or ethnic (the transnational, the diaspora

  10. Kenya's New Constitution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kramon, Eric

    On 4 August 2010, Kenyans voted to adopt a new constitution, culminating a process that began as part of a resolution to the violent conflict that followed the December 2007 elections. By reducing executive power, devolving ...

  11. Superconducting magnet performance for 28 GHz electron cyclotron resonance ion source developed at the Korea Basic Science Institute

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, Jin Yong [Busan Center, Korea Basic Science Institute, Busan 609-735 (Korea, Republic of) [Busan Center, Korea Basic Science Institute, Busan 609-735 (Korea, Republic of); Pusan National University, Busan (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Seyong; Lee, Byoung-Seob; Yoon, Jang-Hee; Ok, Jung-Woo; Shin, Chang Seouk; Won, Mi-Sook, E-mail: mswon@kbsi.re.kr [Busan Center, Korea Basic Science Institute, Busan 609-735 (Korea, Republic of)] [Busan Center, Korea Basic Science Institute, Busan 609-735 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Byoung Chul [Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)] [Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Ahn, Jung Keun [Pusan National University, Busan (Korea, Republic of)] [Pusan National University, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A superconducting magnet for use in an electron cyclotron resonance ion source was developed at the Korea Basic Science Institute. The superconducting magnet is comprised of three solenoids and a hexapole magnet. According to the design value, the solenoid magnets can generate a mirror field, resulting in axial magnetic fields of 3.6 T at the injection area and 2.2 T at the extraction region. A radial field strength of 2.1 T can also be achieved by hexapole magnet on the plasma chamber wall. NbTi superconducting wire was used in the winding process following appropriate techniques for magnet structure. The final assembly of the each magnet involved it being vertically inserted into the cryostat to cool down the temperature using liquid helium. The performance of each solenoid and hexapole magnet was separately verified experimentally. The construction of the superconducting coil, the entire magnet assembly for performance testing and experimental results are reported herein.

  12. A Study on Optimized Management Options for the Wolsong Low- and Intermediate - Level Waste Disposal Center in Korea - 13479

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, JooWan; Kim, DongSun; Choi, DongEun [Korea Radioactive Waste Management Corporation, Korea 89, Bukseongno, Gyeongju, 780-050 (Korea, Republic of)] [Korea Radioactive Waste Management Corporation, Korea 89, Bukseongno, Gyeongju, 780-050 (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The safe and effective management of radioactive waste is a national task required for sustainable generation of nuclear power and for energy self-reliance in Korea. Currently, for permanent disposal of low- and intermediate-level waste (LILW), the Wolsong LILW Disposal Center (WLDC) is under construction. It will accommodate a total of 800,000 drums at the final stage after stepwise expansion. As an implementing strategy for cost-effective development of the WLDC, various disposal options suitable for waste classification schemes would be considered. It is also needed an optimized management of the WLDC by taking a countermeasure of volume reduction treatment. In this study, various management options to be applied to each waste class are analyzed in terms of its inventory and disposal cost. For the volume reduction and stabilization of waste, the vitrification and plasma melting methods are considered for combustible and incombustible waste, respectively. (authors)

  13. Berea College Geographical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baltisberger, Jay H.

    Ghana 2 South Korea 2 Kenya 4 Sri Lanka 1 Bolivia 2 Liberia 1 Taiwan 1 Brazil 1 Malawi 2 Tibet Malawi 0 2 2 Bolivia 0 2 2 Moldova 0 1 1 Botswana 0 1 1 Mon

  14. In-Vessel Retention Technology Development and Use for Advanced PWR Designs in the USA and Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    T.G. Theofanous; S.J. Oh; J.H. Scobel

    2004-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    In-Vessel Retention (IVR) of molten core debris by means of external reactor vessel flooding is a cornerstone of severe accident management for Westinghouse's AP600 (advanced passive light water reactor) design. The case for its effectiveness (made in previous work by the PI) has been thoroughly documented, reviewed as part of the licensing certification, and accepted by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. A successful IVR would terminate a severe accident, passively, with the core in a stable, coolable configuration (within the lower head), thus avoiding the largely uncertain accident evolution with the molten debris on the containment floor. This passive plant design has been upgraded by Westinghouse to the AP1000, a 1000 MWe plant very similar to the AP600. The severe accident management approach is very similar too, including In-Vessel Retention as the cornerstone feature, and initial evaluations indicated that this would be feasible at the higher power as well. A similar strategy is adopted in Korea for the APR1400 plant. The overall goal of this project is to provide experimental data and develop the necessary basic understanding so as to allow the robust extension of the AP600 In-Vessel Retention strategy for severe accident management to higher power reactors, and in particular, to the AP1000 advanced passive design.

  15. Atmospheric deposition of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in an urban and a suburban area of Korea from 2002 to 2004

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moon, H.B.; Kannan, K.; Lee, S.J.; Ok, G. [National Fisheries Research & Development Institute, Pusan (Republic of Korea)

    2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Atmospheric bulk samples (wet and dry) were collected monthly during 2002 to 2004 from an urban and a suburban area in Korea for assessment of depositional flux and seasonal variations in the concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). PAH depositional flux ranged from 64.1 to 610 {mu} g/m{sup 2}/y for the urban area and from 65 to 460 {mu} g/m{sup 2}/y for the suburban area. The fluxes of PAHs measured in this study were comparable with those reported for urban and suburban areas in other countries. The fluxes of particulates and PAHs were higher in winter than in summer, consistent with the greater per capita consumption of fossil fuel in winter than in summer. Ambient temperature played a major role in the seasonal variability in PAH fluxes. Photochemical degradation of PAHs appears to occur during the summer months. The relationship of PAH depositional fluxes with major air pollutants, such as ozone, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, and presence of particulate matter up to 10 {mu} m in size (PM10), was also investigated. Dominant PAH compounds in both the urban and the suburban locations were benzo(g,h,i)perylene, pyrene, and indeno(1,2,3-c,d)pyrene. Based on the PAH diagnostic ratios and a factor analysis, the major sources of PAHs in the urban and the suburban regions were found to be similar. Diesel exhaust, coal combustion, and gasoline emissions contributed predominantly to atmospheric PAH contamination.

  16. Keimyung University South Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutcheon, James M.

    ) · Completion of a minimum of 45 hours in good academic standing at Georgia Southern University · Previous practical knowledge of the Korean language, economy and business. Other courses taught in English the university's Korean Language Institute. Keimyung University has strong and proud reputation of having well

  17. South Africa South Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tchumper, Gregory S.

    Thought May 16-29 $3,500 3 hours of ACCY 516 EUSA London Internship May 16-July 2 $7,200 3 hours Insurance Practices in London May 16-28 $2,850 3 hours of BUS 380 #12;London School of Economics Session I credit Watercolor in London August 1-13 $2,850 3 hours of ART 326, 426, or 526 World Literature in London

  18. Proceedings of the 2012 Joint Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing and Computational Natural Language Learning, pages 12551265, Jeju Island, Korea, 1214 July 2012. c 2012 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Computational Natural Language Learning, pages 1255­1265, Jeju Island, Korea, 12­14 July 2012. c 2012 you wish... because wishes sometimes come true.]i [That]i is what the Semiconductor Industry Association, which rep- resents U.S. manufacturers, has been learning. (from Asher (1993)) (2

  19. Radioxenon detections in the CTBT International Monitoring System likely related to the announced nuclear test in North Korea conducted on February 12, 2013

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ringbom, Anders; Axelssson, A.; Aldener, M.; Auer, M.; Bowyer, Ted W.; Fritioff, T.; Hoffman, Ian; Khrustalev, Kirill; Nikkinen, Mika; Popov, Vladimir Y.; Popov, Y.; Ungar, R. Kurt; Wotawa, G.

    2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract: Observations of the radioxenon isotopes 133Xe and 131mXe collected at the IMS stations RN38 and RN58 on April 7-8, and April 12-13 2013, respectively, are unique with respect to the measurement history of these stations. Comparison of measured data with calculated isotopic ratios as well as analysis using atmospheric transport modeling indicate that it is likely that the xenon measured was created in the underground nuclear test conducted by North Korea on February 12, 2013, and released 7 weeks later. More than one release is required to explain all observations. The 131mXe source terms for each release were calculated to 7x1011 Bq, corresponding to about 1-10% of the total xenon inventory for a 10-kt explosion, depending on fractionation and release scenario. The observed ratios could not be used to obtain any information regarding the fissile material that was used in the test.

  20. Assessment of RELAP5/MOD2 code using loss of offsite power transient data of KNU (Korea Nuclear Unit) No. 1 Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chung, Bud-Dong; Kim, Hho-Jung (Korea Advanced Energy Research Inst., Daeduk-Danji (Republic of Korea). Korea Nuclear Safety Center); Lee, Young-Jin (Seoul National Univ. (Republic of Korea))

    1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents a code assessment study based on a real plant transient that occurred on June 9, 1981 at the KNU {number sign}1 (Korea Nuclear Unit Number 1). KNU {number sign}1 is a two-loop Westinghouse PWR plant of 587 Mwe. The loss of offsite power transient occurred at the 77.5% reactor power with 0.5%/hr power ramp. The real plant data were collected from available on-line plant records and computer diagnostics. The transient was simulated by RELAP5/MOD2/36.05 and the results were compared with the plant data to assess the code weaknesses and strengths. Some nodalization studies were performed to contribute to developing a guideline for PWR nodalization for the transient analysis. 5 refs., 18 figs., 3 tabs.

  1. Increasing State Capacity Through Clans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyle, Jr, Thomas Martin

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Moldova, Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan”. World Bank Report. kazakhstan/>. EIU (EconomistAsian countries of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan,

  2. Competing for Capital: The Diffusion of Bilateral Investment Treaties, 1960-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elkins, Zachary; Guzman, Andrew T; Simmons, Beth

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Zimbabwe-Sri Lanka, Croatia- Iran, Thailand Kazakhstan,Zimbabwe-Kazakhstan,Croatia-Kazakhstan. Sweden also participated and concluded a

  3. Kazakhstan-Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Efficiency, Food Supply, Industry, People and Policy Topics - Energy Access, - Energy Security, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways...

  4. U.S. - Kazakhstan Cooperation on Nuclear Security and Nonproliferation |

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA groupTuba City,EnrichedSupplemental Directives |

  5. Kazakhstan-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtelInteriasIowa: EnergyKanabec County,Kaolin ADKaw

  6. Kazakhstan-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtelInteriasIowa: EnergyKanabec County,Kaolin ADKaw(CTI PFAN) | Open

  7. Kazakhstan-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii |Island,Kas Farms Wind Farm

  8. Kazakhstan-Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii |Island,Kas Farms Wind FarmEconomies in Central

  9. Compiling RES Legislation for Kazakhstan | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovationin UrbanCityCoatedCommunityCompacTecMenlo AvenueCompiling RES

  10. Deputy Secretary Poneman Visits Kazakhstan | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T,Office of Policy,Policy Act ImplementingAL 2010-07EmbassiesDeputy Secretary

  11. Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Seminar in Kazakhstan | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ | RoadmapRenewable Energy RFPsInformation

  12. Deputy Secretary Poneman Visits Kazakhstan | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you0andEnergyGlobal Nuclearof aDepartment- the MilitaryPoland

  13. US-Kazakhstan Energy Partnership | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin Baxin HydropowerTrinityTurnbullGlobal Map-Annex 1EIAUS|

  14. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Yenikeyeff, Shamil (2008), “Kazakhstan’s Gas: Export MarketsRussian Federation Libya Kazakhstan Nigeria Canada US Qatarconnecting Atasu in Northern Kazakhstan with Alashankou in

  15. 02/27/2006 08:36 AMPrint Story: Japan to reward to S.Korea for support on ITER reactor on Yahoo! News Page 1 of 1http://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20060227/sc_afp/japanskoreafranceit...AtjBk7obeO7F5QH10gY08IbQOrgF;_ylu=X3oDMTA3MXN1bHE0BHNlYwN0bWE-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IbQOrgF;_ylu=X3oDMTA3MXN1bHE0BHNlYwN0bWE- Back to Story - Help Japan to reward to S.Korea for support

  16. Preliminary Report: Results of Computed Tracer Concentrations over Eastern China, South Korea, and Japan for 01 March to 30 May 2007 Daily Simulated Releases from Taiyuan, China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vogt, P

    2007-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to prepare for a proposed long range tracer experiment in China for the spring of 2008 time period, NARAC computed hypothetical PMCH concentrations over Eastern China, South Korea and Japan for simulated releases from Taiyuan, China. Normalized 1 kg of PMCH source strength releases were made twice a day, with wind input from global forecast weather model. We used 6-hour analysis fields valid at the start of each model run, resulting in four wind fields per day. The selected domain encompassed the region of interest over eastern Asia and the Western Pacific. Screening runs were made for each day at 0000 and 1200 UTC from 01 April, 2007 through 29 May, 2007 for a total of 90 days and 180 cases. 24-hour average air concentrations were evaluated at 22 sample cities in the three regions of interest for each case. 15 sample cities were selected to help quantify modeling results for experiment objectives. Any case that resulted in model predicted air concentrations exceeding 2.0E-02 fL/L at a sample city in all three regions was then selected for a detailed model run with source times six hours before and after evaluated in addition to the case time. The detailed runs used the same wind fields and model domain, but 6-hour average air concentrations were generated and analyzed for the 15 sample cities. Each of the 180 cases were ranked subjectively, based on whether or not the model prediction indicated the possibility that a release on that date and time might achieve the long range experiment objectives. Ranks used are High, Good, Low, Poor, and Bad. Of the 180 cases run, NARAC dispersion models predicted 6 instances of High possibility, 8 cases of Good, 32 of Low, 74 of Poor, and 60 cases of Bad probability. Detailed model runs were made for all 14 High or Good probability cases, a total of only 7.8% of all analyzed. Based on the results of this study we have identified a few dates on which a release of a reasonable amount of PMCH tracer (on the order of 500 kg) might be detected in all three regions of interest. Weather patterns for the 15 cases which met experiment objectives should be studied to help identify future favorable times for the releases. Additionally, particularly bad weather patterns can also be evaluated as times for releases to be avoided.

  17. Report on Project Action Sheet PP05 task 3 between the U.S. Department of Energy and the Republic of Korea Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology (MEST).

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Snell, Mark Kamerer

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the results of Task 3 of Project Action Sheet PP05 between the United States Department of Energy (DOE) and the Republic of Korea (ROK) Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology (MEST) for Support with Review of an ROK Risk Evaluation Process. This task was to have Sandia National Laboratories collaborate with the Korea Institute of Nuclear Nonproliferation and Control (KINAC) on several activities concerning how to determine the Probability of Neutralization, PN, and the Probability of System Effectiveness, PE, to include: providing descriptions on how combat simulations are used to determine PN and PE; comparisons of the strengths and weaknesses of two neutralization models (the Neutralization.xls spreadsheet model versus the Brief Adversary Threat-Loss Estimator (BATLE) software); and demonstrating how computer simulations can be used to determine PN. Note that the computer simulation used for the demonstration was the Scenario Toolkit And Generation Environment (STAGE) simulation, which is a stand-alone synthetic tactical simulation sold by Presagis Canada Incorporated. The demonstration is provided in a separate Audio Video Interleave (.AVI) file.

  18. New Media Practices in Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ok, Hyeryoung

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    jeongchekgwaje [Present of youth fandom culture and policyof girls’ participatory fandom culture, which alreadyyoung Korean fans’ various fandom activities around trans-

  19. New Media Practices in Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ok, Hyeryoung

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    P. , & Kerr, A. (2001). Digital media, nation-states andmost advanced IT and digital media culture, Korean youths’construction of the global digital media scene. Introduction

  20. Federal Government Congressional Budget Office, Budget Analysis Division Washington, DC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyy, Wei

    Charlotte, NC Gallaher Kazakhstan, Security & Brand Integrity Almaty Oblast, Kazakhstan GMMB Washington, DC

  1. Temporal Regulation of Gene Expression of the Thermus thermophilus Bacteriophage P23-45

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chait, Brian T.

    of Republic of Kazakhstan, Kazakhstan 3 The Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10065, USA 4 Stowers

  2. DESY03188 November 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Science of Kazakhstan, Almaty, Kazakhstan D. Son Kyungpook National University, Center for High Energy

  3. APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, 0099-2240/97/$04.00 0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaritsky, Arieh

    , Uzbekistan2 ; and Institute of Zoology, Kazakhstan Academy of Science, Kazakhstan3 Received 20 March 1997

  4. Essays on the Economics of Environmental Issues: The Environmental Kuznets Curve to Optimal Energy Portfolios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meininger, Aaron G.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Jordan Kazakhstan Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lebanon Saudi ArabiaJordan Kazakhstan Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lebanon Saudi Arabia

  5. Causes and Consequences of Second Language Education: A Global Analysis From 1980 to the Present

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coyne, Gary

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, TurkmenistanKazakhstan Kuwait * Kyrgyzstan * Laos Latvia Lebanon

  6. Leviathan in the Tropics? : environment, state capacity, and civil conflict in the developing world

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hendrix, Cullen Stevenson

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pakistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan)Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania,

  7. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The contents of this book are: Introduction; Kenya; Korea (Republic of); Lesotho; Liberia; Malagasy; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; Pakistan; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudana; Surinam; Swaziland; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; Uruguay; Venezuela; Zaire; Zambia; Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields; Appendix II, Phytomass Files; and References.

  8. The Fantasy and Fear of Chernobyl's Ruins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rotfeld, Masha

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    dry bed of the Aral Sea, Kazakhstan. n.d. Irrigation tappigbrash and grandiose” Astana, Kazakhstan’s capitol is theTomorrowland: Astana, Kazakhstan’s New Grandiose Capital

  9. ICTP Public Information Office Page 1 12/05/2011 Country Total visitors Female visitors Person-months*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .05 United Arab Emirates 2 1 2.50 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 154 24 92.15 United.71 Kazakhstan 2 0 0.99 Kenya 31 4 53.88 Kuwait 3 0 0.49 Lebanon 8 2 15.32 Lesotho 2 0 0.46 Libyan Arab Person-months* Sudan 27 10 80.28 Swaziland 1 0 0.46 Sweden 29 6 8.38 Switzerland 77 15 16.70 Syrian Arab

  10. Horticultural marketing in Kenya: conduct and performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mutoka, Dickson Teyie

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    consumption points) trade showed more efficiency. Large scale merchandizing, good road linkage and better information flow were credited for the better performance. This was in contrast with the rural wholesale trade which is characterized by poor roads... services like the establishment of standards in the trade and a market information system were also recommended Recommendations to improve the situation emphasized developments that will reduce the cost of collecting produce from widely dispersed areas...

  11. Commercial Law and Development in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mutunga, Willy

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    communalism, slavery, feudalism, capitalism and communism.the ruins of British feudalism . The bourgeoisie thereafterof commercial law. While under feudalism it had functioned

  12. Campaigns and ethnic polarization in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horowitz, Jeremy

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    electricity, and water Table 4.3 Performance Messages (percentages) PNU ODM pos neg pos neg Education

  13. Kenya-DLR Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtelInteriasIowa:Washington: Energy ResourcesAerospace Center (DLR) Sector

  14. Kenya-GEF Projects | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii |Island,Kas FarmssourceGEF Projects

  15. Nairobi, Kenya: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLu anMicrogreenMoonNASA/AmesNS Solar05 JumpNYSEGNageNahar

  16. Kenya: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou New EnergyKenosistec Srl

  17. A STUDY ON THE INCAPACITATION MECHANISM MODEL OF THE JUCHIST AND MARXIST-LENINIST ARTICLES AGAINST THE CORE IMPLEMENTATION MECHANISM MODEL OF THE FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS ARTICLES IN THE NORTH KOREAN CONSTITUTION: NORTH KOREA'S VIOLATIONS OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS TREATIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jun, Woo-Suk

    2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Korean government] claims that it has a legal system in place for human rights protection and has submitted periodic reports to the UN treaty committees explaining its observance of international human rights treaties.(citation omitted)”). The United... Kingdom Foreign and Commonwealth Office has done a similar analysis in its Annual Report on Human Rights 2009. The relevant parts of its analysis include the following statement: The DPRK [Democratic People’s Republic of Korea] consistently denies...

  18. Identification of potential sources and source regions of fine ambient particles measured at Gosan background site in Korea using advanced hybrid receptor model combined with positive matrix factorization - article no. D22217

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Han, J.S.; Moon, K.J.; Kim, Y.J. [National Institute of Environmental Research, Inchon (Republic of Korea). Dept. of Air Quality Research

    2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The size- and time-resolved measurement of particulate trace elements was made using an eight-stage Davis Rotating Unit for Monitoring sampler and synchrotron X-ray fluorescence system from 29 March to 29 May in 2002 at Gosan, Korea, which is one of the representative background sites in east Asia. A sa result, continuous 3-hour average concentrations were obtained for 19 elements including S, Si, Al, Fe, Ca, Cl, Cu, Zn, Ti, K, Mn, Pb, Ni, V, Se, As, Rb, Cr, and Br. Positive matrix factorization (PMF) method was applied to the size-resolved aerosol data sets in order to identify the possible sources and to estimate their contribution to particulate matter mass in each size range. Twelve sources were then resolved in the fine size range ( 0.07 to 1.15 {mu}m), including continental aerosol, biomass burning, coal combustion, oil heating furnace, residual oil-fired boiler, municipal incineration, nonferrous metal source, ferrous metal source, gasoline vehicle, diesel vehicle, copper smelter, and volcanic emission. A newly developed hybrid receptor model, concentration, retention time, and source emission weighted trajectory (CRSWT) was then applied to the source intensities derived from the PMF analysis by incorporating meteorological and source inventory information of the study region in order to suggest the regional information of long-range transported fine aerosol sources. The CRSWT model was able to resolve highly potential source areas and pathways for the fine ambient aerosol at the Gosan background site.

  19. Terrestrial Water Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodell, M; Chambers, D P; Famiglietti, Jay

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Leba- non, Syria, West Kazakhstan, Armenia, Georgia, andterm mean. In western Kazakhstan, at the Caspian Sea, and into most areas; in western Kazakhstan tem- peratures were

  20. Evaluating greenhouse gas emissions inventories for agricultural burning using satellite observations of active fires

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Hsiao-Wen; Jin, Yufang; Giglio, Louis; Foley, Jonathan A; Randerson, James T

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    India, Indonesia, Thailand, Kazakhstan, Mexico, and Nigeria)Indonesia, Thailand, Kazakhstan, Mexico, and Nigeria werehot spots across northern Kazakhstan, along the coast of

  1. Muslim Women at a Crossroads: Gender and Development in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Cindy

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in post-Soviet Kazakhstan. ” In The Transformation ofXinjiang (est. )  China  Kazakhstan  Russia  Uyghurs havekidnapping in post-Soviet Kazakhstan. In my understanding,

  2. Generational Politics: Narratives of Power in Central Asia's Visual Culture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khudonazar, Anaita

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Library of Republic of Kazakhstan. Department of Press.Library of Republic of Kazakhstan. Print. Fig. 22. Reading1937. National Library of Kazakhstan. Department of Press.

  3. Drunk On Oil: Russian Foreign Policy 2000-2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brugato, Thomas

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    nearby states (Uzbekistan in 2004, Kazakhstan and Belarus in2006, Armenia in 2006, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan in 2007,of Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and

  4. Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkanov, Boris

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Belorussia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, andSenior people from Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan,gas from Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan. With the

  5. Groundwater and Terrestrial Water Storage, 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodell, M; Chambers, D P; Famiglietti, J S

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lebanon, Syria, western Kazakhstan, Armenia, Georgia, andthe south Caucasus and west Kazakhstan were dry. Armenia hadwere detected over Russia and Kazakhstan. The anomaly lasted

  6. Terrestrial Remotely Sensed Imagery in Support of Public Health: New Avenues of Research Using Object-Based Image Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Maggi

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Bubonic Plague in Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of Anais XIVTegucigalpa, Honduras Kazakhstan Accra, Ghana Northernvector habitat. In Kazakhstan the great gerbil (Rhombomys

  7. Legislating for smoke-free workplaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1991), Ireland (1995), Kazakhstan (1996), Latvia (1994),1994), Italy (1985), Kazakhstan (1996), Kyrgyzstan (1992),applicable X C139 C148 Kazakhstan Not applicable C148 C155

  8. Essays in Open Economy Monetary Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castro, Pedro

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Croatia Jordan Denmark Kazakhstan Dominican Republic EgyptJamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Latvia Lebanon MauritiusEgypt India Jordan Kazakhstan Pakistan Russia Tunisia

  9. The European tobacco control report 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Minister of Health, Kazakhstan Dr Tomas Stanikas, LithuanianISTAT) (unpublished document). Kazakhstan 23.1 Data for 2001of population of Kazakhstan, 2004. WHO World Health Survey,

  10. Fate of Radionuclides in Wastewater Treatment Plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shabani Samgh Abadi, Farzaneh

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    can be mined in Niger, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Gabon, 4)can be found in China, Kazakhstan, Russian Federation andCanada, Australia and Kazakhstan. During the period between

  11. 2002 The Society for the Study of Evolution. All rights reserved. Evolution, 56(7), 2002, pp. 14031415

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volis, Sergei

    Physiology, Genetics and Bioengineering, Almaty 480090, Kazakhstan 5The Main Botanical Garden of Kazakhstan, Almaty 480062, Kazakhstan Abstract. Populations of wild barley, Hordeum spontaneum Koch, were collected

  12. The nature of unusual luminescence in natural calcite, CaCO3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaft, M.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for pink calcite from Kazakhstan. After heating the pinkmodels have been proposed. In Kazakhstan samples an elevatedal. 1973, 1976). We studied a Kazakhstan calcite sample with

  13. Explaining ratification of human rights treaties : signaling for aid during regional crises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Heather Michelle

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan,2001a. “The Economy of Kazakhstan,” in Central Asia:In September of 1993 Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan,

  14. WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO World Health Organization

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania,I Data not reported Kazakhstan None Kyrgyzstan LatviaIreland Israel Italy Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania

  15. Stumbling Toward Capitalism: The State, Global Production Networks, and the Unexpected Emergence of China's Independent Auto Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Crystal Whai-ku

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Brazil, Ecuador, Ghana, Kazakhstan, Russia, Turkmenistan,shares are concentrated in Kazakhstan, Sudan, Venezuela, andIraq, Kuwait, Libya and Kazakhstan (Jiang and Sinton 2011:

  16. "A Sacred Space Is Never Empty": Soviet Atheism, 1954-1971

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smolkin-Rothrock, Victoria

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Philosophy in the Kazakhstan Academy of Sciences,of Philosophy and Law in Kazakhstan. Graduate students atKrasnodar region, and Kazakhstan and to hold top positions

  17. Music Circulation and Transmission in Tbilisi, Georgia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sebald, Brigita

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Work in Almaty, Kazakhstan. ” Critique of Anthropologyand Property Rights in Kazakhstan. ” Property in Question:Networks and Statehood in Kazakhstan. ” Nationalities Papers

  18. Capital flows and economic growth in the era of financial integration and crisis, 1990-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua; Jinjarak, Yothin; Park, Donghyun

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the results of comparing Kazakhstan and Thailand for theis relatively higher in Kazakhstan throughout the decade.whereas the flow to Kazakhstan declined. It is possible that

  19. SELECT INTERNATIONAL INTERNSHIPS 2003-2007 GRADUATE CAREER SERVICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyy, Wei

    Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan Almaty, Kazakhstan Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ecuadorian Institute, Bulgaria United Nations Development Fund for Women Almaty, Kazakhstan UN Economic & Social Commission

  20. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ireland Israel Italy — V Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan LatviaIreland Israel Italy Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia LithuaniaIreland Israel Italy Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania

  1. Taking On Goliath - Civil Society's Leadership Role in Tobacco Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Open Society Institute

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Role in Tobacco Control Kazakhstan Moldova Romania UkraineIntroduction Case Studies Kazakhstan Moldova Romania UkraineSadykova (“For Smoke- free Kazakhstan”); Irina Zatushevski (

  2. The Borat Problem In Contract Law: Fraud, Assent, And Standard Forms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Korobkin, Russell

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan (http://www.imdb.com/Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan, 1 English comedian SachaGlorious Nation of Kazakhstan (Four by Two Productions,

  3. Consumption-based accounting of CO2 emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, S. J; Caldeira, K.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Soviet Union (Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Belarus, and Russia),kg CO 2 /$GDP FSS Ukraine Kazakhstan Iran East Asia BelarusAsia China South Africa Kazakhstan Malaysia Russia Thailand

  4. Russophonia: Towards a Transnational Conception of Russian-Language Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caffee, Naomi Beth

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    polygon. Alma-Ata: Kazakhstan, 1992. ______________. 29Community’ in Soviet Kazakhstan. An Historical Analysis ofin Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan. In chapter 3 I discuss the

  5. Anthropogenic emissions during Arctas-A: mean transport characteristics and regional case studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrigan, D. L; Fuelberg, H. E; Simpson, I. J; Blake, D. R; Carmichael, G. R; Diskin, G. S

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    burning in Siberia and Kazakhstan as an important source forand continue eastward over Kazakhstan and then turn north toagricultural burning in Kazakhstan and south- ern Russia as

  6. Ties That Do Not Bind: Russia and the International Liberal Order

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krickovic, Andrej

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with Belarus and Kazakhstan that promote an alternativeof Belarus, Russia and Kazakhstan, as counterweights tofrom Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan to European markets without

  7. Observations of nonmethane organic compounds during ARCTAS - Part 1: Biomass burning emissions and plume enhancements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    burning in Siberia and Kazakhstan as an important source forgrassland fires in Kazakhstan (Warneke et al. , 2009) duringfires from East Asia/Kazakhstan. Likewise there was no sta-

  8. The Atlantic Alliance and Geopolitics: New Realities and New Challenges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lie, Kai Olaf

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from East Siberia and Kazakhstan. 4) The emerging role ofand gas. A pipeline from Kazakhstan to China (Sin kiang) wasUzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan and Kirgizstan. ) Russia

  9. Stories of the Twentieth Century for the Twenty-First

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gourinchas, Pierre-Olivier; Obstfeld, Maurice

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    while four more (Hungary, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Slovenia)Brazil, Peru, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Bulgaria,Republic in 2003, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Russia, Slovenia, and

  10. Social disruption caused by tobacco growing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marty Otanez

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Child labour still blights Kazakhstan: too little being doneand cotton growing in Kazakhstan. Almaty: ILO/MOT; 2006. 66.excessively long hours. 63 Kazakhstan: Children as young as

  11. Between Moscow and Baku: National Literatures at the 1934 Congress of Soviet Writers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schild, Kathryn Douglas

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    trips, Russian brigades to Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, and Kara-11, 1934. writers to Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan; and sent aof Ukraine, Tataria, Kazakhstan, and Armenia to give them

  12. Towards an Intellectual Property Bargaining Theory: The Post-WTO Era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benoliel, Daniel; Salama, Bruno

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    since January 29, 1996, Kazakhstan has been unsuccessful inId. Id. Id. Id, NTE – Kazakhstan. TOWARDS AN INTELLECTUALthe matter. 328 Argentina, Kazakhstan, and Pakistan, three

  13. The Russian Male Macho Register and Performances of Masculinity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garey, Amy

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Press. Dave, Bhavna 2007 Kazakhstan: Ethnicity, Language andAstana.kz” from Astana, Kazakhstan spoofed an interactions relationship with Kazakhstan and a reversal of ethnic

  14. “The Language of the Sword”: Alexksandr Bek, The Writers Union and Baurdzhan Momysh-uly in Battle for the memory of Volokolamskoe shosse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schechter, Brandon

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    unusual unit, one formed in Kazakhstan at the beginning ofkazakham,” 18; Bhavna Dave, Kazakhstan: Ethnicity, languageideological work in Kazakhstan, Momysh-uly’s friend and

  15. WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO World Health Organization

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    not reported Kazakhstan None Kyrgyzstan Latvia LithuaniaItaly Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania LuxembourgItaly Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg

  16. Drunk On Oil: Russian Foreign Policy 2000-2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brugato, Thomas

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan isArmenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan upgradedTajikistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan is formed. 9 2

  17. Phytologia (August 2008) 90(2)208 TAXONOMIC STUDY OF JUNIPERUS EXCELSA AND J.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    of J. polycarpos K. Koch. from Armenia, Kazakhstan, Pakistan and Turkmenistan has been examined using from Armenia, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan. Myrcene is a large component in the oils from Kazakhstan and Kazakhstan sites. Should thes

  18. Allozyme Variation in Turkmenian Populations of Wild Barley, Hordeum spontaneum Koch.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volis, Sergei

    The Institute of Plant Physiology, Genetics and Bioengineering, Almaty, 480090, Kazakhstan, }The Main Botanical Garden of Kazakhstan, Almaty, 480062, Kazakhstan, **The Institute of Plant Physiology, Genetics and Bioengineering, Almaty, 480090, Kazakhstan and ***The Institute for Desert Research, The Turkmenian Academy

  19. Plant genetics, sustainable agriculture and global food security.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronald, Pamela

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    are particularly appar- ent in Kazakhstan where local foodday, 94% of households in Kazakhstan use iodized salt, and

  20. International Lead and Zinc Study Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    Peru 31 23 Pérou 31 24 Russian Federation 32 24 Fédération de Russie 32 25 Kazakhstan 32 25 Kazakhstan

  1. Contribution of ocean, fossil fuel, land biosphere, and biomass burning carbon fluxes to seasonal and interannual variability in atmospheric CO 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Antarctica Key Biscayne FL Kumukahi HA Kazakhstan SaryTau Kazakhstan Plateau Wisconsin Tower La Jolla CA Lampedusa

  2. Source attributions of pollution to the Western Arctic during the NASA ARCTAS field campaign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    burning in Siberia and Kazakhstan as an important source forprimar- ily over Russia/Kazakhstan in April and over North

  3. Problem Solving and Psychological Traps* Jennifer Priestley and William Hakes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Priestley, Jennifer Lewis

    of Kazakhstan greater than 20 million? B. What is the population of Kazakhstan? If you are like most people

  4. A cross-national study of the pattern of modernization in the developing countries, 1965-75

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Kwok-on Frankie

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    COUNTRIES? 1965 AND 1973 (IN U. S. $) Countries 1965" GNP Rank 1 973+? GNP Rank Venezuela Argentina Greece Uraguay Chile Spain Libya Jamaica Panama Mexico Lebanon Costa Rica Portugal Peru Nicaragua Guatemala Malaysia Ghana Colombia... Portugal Greece Kenya (white pop. only) Lebanon Iran Jordan C olombia Jamaica Libya Brazil Malaysia Uraguay Paraguay Peru Mexico Syria Egypt Iraq Sri Lanka Costa Rica Panama Guatemala Ecuador South Korea Ghana Ethiopia Turkey India...

  5. Leprosy in Korea: A Global History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Jane Sung Hae

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on the Oma Island land reclamation: Rewriting of statethe patients’ Oma Island land reclamation irregularities inownership of the land marked for reclamation. The incident

  6. Korea Silicon Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMALTexas: Energy ResourcesKooskia,

  7. South Korea - NETL Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk, NewSingaporeSonix JapanCalifornia: EnergyHuntington,

  8. South Korea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form HistoryRistmaSinosteelSolarSolkarTopicsSouth DakotaSouthOpen

  9. AstroKorea | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcatAntrimArkansasAshford,AsotinAston Solar LLC Jump to:Astraeus

  10. HQMC Korea HQMCK | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating AGeothermal/ExplorationGoodsGuangzhou,GuizhouGuyana: EnergyHEROHOMEe

  11. Immobilization of Cesium Traps from the BN-350 Fast Reactor (Aktau, Kazakhstan)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. A. Michelbacher; C. Knight; O. G. Romanenko; I. L. Tazhibaeva; I. L. Yakovlev; A. V. Rovneyko; V. I. Maev; D. Wells; A. Herrick

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During BN-350 reactor operations and also during the initial stages of decommissioning, cesium traps were used to decontaminate the reactor’s primary sodium coolant. Two different types of carbon-based trap were used – the MAVR series, low ash granulated graphite adsorber (LAG) contained in a carrier designed to be inserted into the reactor core during shutdown; and a series of ex-reactor trap accumulators(TAs) which used reticulated vitreous carbon (RVC) to reduce Cs-137 levels in the sodium after final reactor shutdown. In total four MAVRs and seven TAs were used at BN-350 to remove an estimated cumulative 755 TBq of cesium. The traps, which also contain residual sodium, need to be immobilized in an appropriate way to allow them to be consigned as waste packages for long term storage and, ultimately, disposal. The present paper reports on the current status of the implementation phase, with particular reference to the work done to date on the trap accumulators, which have the most similarity with the cesium traps used at other reactors.

  12. DOE/NE Sponsors a U.S. - Kazakhstan Civilian Nuclear Energy Workshop...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and severe accidents. Other areas of potential future cooperation include validation testing of modern simulation tools and education programs, especially the possibility for...

  13. Strontium-85 and plutonium-239 sorption in rock samples from the Semipalatinsk Test Site, Kazakhstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mason, C.F.V.; Lu, N.; Marusak, N.L.; Scheber, B.; Chipera, S. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Daukeyev, D.; Khromushin, I. [National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Almaty (Kazakhstan)

    1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The adsorption and desorption of strontium and plutonium were studied as a function of rock type and simulated ground waters from the Semipalatinsk Test Site (STS). Seven different rock types were obtained from the Balapan Region of the STS and were subjected to x-ray diffraction analyses. Two different ground waters were simulated using data supplied by the National Nuclear Center. The results indicate the sorption of strontium is strongly dependent on the minerals present in the rock species and on the total ionic strength of the ground water whereas, in all cases, plutonium was strongly irreversibly sorbed.

  14. Use of plasma fuel systems at thermal power plants in Russia, Kazakhstan, China, and Turkey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karpenko, E.I.; Karpenko, Y.E.; Messerle, V.E.; Ustimenko, A.B. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ulan Ude (Russian Federation). Institute of Thermal Physics

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The technology of plasma ignition of solid fuels is described, as well as its creation and development steps, the technoeconomic characteristics of plasma igniter systems, schemes of their installation in pulverized-coal boilers, and results of their application at pulverized coal-fired power plants.

  15. Land use changes and raptor conservation in steppe habitats of Eastern Kazakhstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrete, Martina

    Hidrologi´a, Universidad de Murcia, 30100 Espinardo, Murcia, Spain c Institute of Zoology, Akademgorodok

  16. Power in Transition: The Spatial Variation of Territorial Cohesion in Kazakhstan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burke, Cristin

    2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Studies of territorial cohesion combine aspects of effective national territory and spatial inequalities, focusing on better integration of regions through balanced economic growth, reducing regional disparities, and ...

  17. A statistical approach to estimation of bitumen distribution in the Tengiz reservoir, Kazakhstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hallager, W.S.; Robertson, B.; Chambers, K. [Tengizchevroil, San RAmon, CA (United States)] [and others

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Solid bitumen occludes approximately two porosity units of Tengiz reservoir porosity. Neutron, density and sonic logs overestimate porosity at Tengiz because they do not adequately distinguish solid bitumen from movable oil. It has, therefore, been necessary to estimate the amount and distribution of bitumen in order to correct for its impact on field reserves. The origin of the solid bitumen has not yet been resolved. We have therefore taken a statistical approach to bitumen distribution. Several hundred bitumen analyses indicate an inhomogeneous distribution of bitumen at Tengiz Higher volume percentages are present in the Bashkirian and Serpukhovian age carbonates near the top of the reservoir. Although core descriptions and chemical analyses show some lateral variation in bitumen abundance across the field, there is no recognizable pattern to that variation. Based on bitumen analytical data we have subdivided the reservoir into three statistically distinct groups of formations. We used bitumen and porosity analyses obtained by VolgogradNIPIneft on individual core plugs to calculate an expected log response for those samples. The results were used to build a log porosity to effective porosity cloud transform. Sequential Indicator Simulation was then applied to the digitized log data to develop a 3-D porosity cube for Tengiz. Our cloud transform was applied to that cube to predict effective porosities fieldwide.

  18. United States Department of Energy and the Republic of Kazakhstan Ministry

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA groupTuba City,EnrichedSupplemental Directives |and Radioactive WasteNuclearof

  19. DOE/NE Sponsors a U.S. - Kazakhstan Civilian Nuclear Energy Workshop at

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T,Office of Policy, OAPMMilestone | DepartmentEA - 0942 E N v8 AUDIT REPORTMayIdaho

  20. U.S. and Kazakhstan Strengthen Energy Ties During Secretary Bodman's Visit

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E Ambassadors and U.S. DEPARTMENT OFEnergy Alice| Department

  1. Kazakhstan-Supporting RBEC Transition to Low-Emission Development | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii |Island,Kas Farms Wind FarmEconomies in

  2. U.S. Works With Kazakhstan to Stop Nuclear and Radioactive Material

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2, 2015 -Helicopter Accident atConference |Energy Road Map:Wind

  3. U.S. and Kazakhstan Strengthen Energy Ties During Secretary Bodman's Visit

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2, 2015 -Helicopter Accident atConference |Energy| Department of Energy

  4. U.S., Kazakhstan Agree to Areas of Cooperation in Civil Nuclear Energy |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssuesEnergyTransportation&DepartmentFurther the, Canada,

  5. DOE/NE Sponsors a U.S. - Kazakhstan Civilian Nuclear Energy Workshop at

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you0and Transparency,8-9612-985-2007Supplemental Environmental67Idaho National

  6. U.S. Works With Kazakhstan to Stop Nuclear and Radioactive Material

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideoStrategic|IndustrialCenterMarchC.DepartmentTexasof Energy Wind

  7. Vascular plant flora of Kiboko Range Research Station, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ndiang'ui, Ndegwa Wa

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . They are generally referred to as Regosol. (2) Soils of Lava Flows These include both Lithosols and rock-outcrops. They tend to be well drained, very shallow, black to very dark greyish brown, stony to very rocky. Some areas also have silty clay derived from... developed on olivine basalt and include the chromic vertisols that are imperfectly drained, very deep, dark grey, firm, cracking, and moderately calcareous silty clay to clay. These form the floodplain along the Greater Kiboko River Basin, which...

  8. Post-Independence Literature of Kenya and Uganda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hower, Edward

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AND UGANDA by Edward Hower The Experience of Independence InNovember, 1960) KA~ I EDWARD HOWER is a g~aduate student in

  9. Epidemiology of Taenia solium Cysticercosis in western Kenya 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Lian Francesca

    2014-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Taenia solium is a zoonotic helminth which is thought to be one of the leading causes of acquired epilepsy in the developing world. T. solium cysticercosis infections in pigs and humans and human taeniasis were diagnosed ...

  10. Design and field testing of a Savonius windpump in Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smalera, A.; Kammen, D.M. [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    One important means of improving water availability and reducing disease exposure from polluted or stagnant sources involves the design and diffusion of inexpensive and reliable water pumps. Modernized versions of the decades-old Savonius vertical axis windmill present one technology that can play an important role in this effort. To be successful, these systems must be tailored to exploit the local wind and hydrological resources, constructed and managed locally, and inexpensive to operate and maintain. We report here on our design efforts and cooperative field research with several Kenyan development organizations. Performance tests from 10-15 meter deep water pumping applications at two field sites are presented, as well as preliminary results of an analysis of the steps involved in disseminating such technology. Our research suggests that the combination of reliability and performance offered by the Savonius design make it a useful resource for community managed energy initiatives, particularly in developing nation settings.

  11. A dynamic model of industrial energy demand in Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haji, S.H.H. [Gothenburg Univ. (Sweden)

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper analyses the effects of input price movements, technology changes, capacity utilization and dynamic mechanisms on energy demand structures in the Kenyan industry. This is done with the help of a variant of the second generation dynamic factor demand (econometric) model. This interrelated disequilibrium dynamic input demand econometric model is based on a long-term cost function representing production function possibilities and takes into account the asymmetry between variable inputs (electricity, other-fuels and Tabour) and quasi-fixed input (capital) by imposing restrictions on the adjustment process. Variations in capacity utilization and slow substitution process invoked by the relative input price movement justifies the nature of input demand disequilibrium. The model is estimated on two ISIS digit Kenyan industry time series data (1961 - 1988) using the Iterative Zellner generalized least square method. 31 refs., 8 tabs.

  12. Electrical resistivity investigations at the Olkaria geothermal field, Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bhogal, P.S.

    1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The bipole-dipole, Schlumberger and in line dipole-dipole electrical resistivity configurations were used to delineate the Olkaria geothermal reservoir with the view to site boreholes for the production of electric power using the geopressurized hot water. The dipole-dipole resistivity data provided the least ambiguous and most usable data for assessing the resource. Deep drilling into two of the anomalies outlined by this survey has proved the existence of high-temperature reservoirs and a 15MW power station is under construction.

  13. Barriers to Electrification for "Under Grid" Households in Rural Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the unelectrified are “off grid,” or too far away toand small, stand-alone off-grid solutions will be requiredgrowing support for off-grid, distributed energy approaches,

  14. Barriers to Electrification for "Under Grid" Households in Rural Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    small, stand-alone off-grid solutions will be required forand commercialize off-grid solutions that can provide ruralof organizations promote off-grid solutions—such as solar

  15. Slum upgrading in India and Kenya: investigating the sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cronin, Victoria Louise Molly

    2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    I – Government of India HUDCO – Housing and Urban Development Corporation Limited IoG – Institute of Governance JNNURM – Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission KP – Kamgar Putla LDCs – Least Developed Countries MASHAL – Maharashtra Area Social... -up approaches. The case studies are of varying ages and were implemented via partnerships with differing agents including government, NGO, CBO, private developer and donors. The influence and design of the delivery model upon the upgrading sustainability...

  16. ENERGY DEMAND AND CONSERVATION IN KENYA: INITIAL APPRAISAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Railway Corp, from heavy fuel oil to lighter diesel oil,NAIROBI FUEL OIL DIESEL OIL (HEAVY) If GAS OIL (LIGHT MOTOROil Crude & Prod. , Stock 15800 Net Kerosene LPG (Cylinders) Prem I Heavy :!!?

  17. Barriers to Electrification for "Under Grid" Households in Rural Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    benefits most from rural electrification? Evidence in India.The Effects of Rural Electrification on Employment: NewSpatial Impact of the Rural Electrification Administration

  18. The So-Called National Bourgeoisie in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Horace

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ~ primitive camumism, slavery, feudalism and capitalism wasrot based on slavery or feudalism. This characterisation

  19. Surrogates for Government? NGOs and the State in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brass, Jennifer Naomi

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    writing from New Public Management in public administration,scholars writings from the New Public Management in public1998) or public management – certainly not a new phenomenon.

  20. Background Paper: Politics and Interactive Media in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitullah, Winnie V.; Mudhai, Okoth Fred; Mwangi, Sammy

    2015-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    with Safaricom. Any CSP intending to relay a political message was required to wait for 48 hours for Safaricom to vet the content of message to ensure compliance with CCK guidelines. While CCK guidelines are more categorical on political messages and hate...

  1. Kenya Becoming a Geothermal Powerhouse | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtelInteriasIowa:Washington: Energy Resources JumpKentwood,Becoming a

  2. Kenya-Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtelInteriasIowa:Washington: Energy ResourcesAerospace Center (DLR)

  3. Kenya-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii |Island,Kas Farmssource HistoryKenworth

  4. Kenya-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii |Island,Kas Farmssource

  5. Kenya-Standard Assessment of Mitigation Potential and Livelihoods in

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii |Island,Kas FarmssourceGEF Projects(SREP) |

  6. Kenya-World Bank Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii |Island,Kas FarmssourceGEF Projects(SREP)

  7. Kenya-Capital Markets Climate Initiative | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou New EnergyKenosistec Srl Jump to:KentuckyEnergyForum

  8. Kenya-Danish Government Baseline Workstream | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou New EnergyKenosistec Srl Jump

  9. Kenya-LEDS Tier I Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou New EnergyKenosistec Srl Jump

  10. Kenya-UNDP Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou New EnergyKenosistec Srl JumpOpen EnergyOpenUN

  11. Kenya-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou New EnergyKenosistec Srl JumpOpen

  12. Kenya-UNEP Risoe Technology Needs Assessment Program | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou New EnergyKenosistec Srl JumpOpenInformation

  13. Name School City Country 1 Lycee after Anania Shirakatsy Yerevan Armenia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borissova, Daniela

    Estonia 24 Unesco associated school "BEST" Almaty Kazakhstan 25 Unesco associated school "BEST" Almaty Kazakhstan 26 Unesco associated school "BEST" Almaty Kazakhstan 27 Unesco associated school "BEST" Almaty Kazakhstan 28 Unesco associated school "BEST" Almaty Kazakhstan 29 Unesco associated school "BEST" Almaty

  14. The University of Chicago Department of Statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Matthew

    of plague among the great gerbils in Kazakhstan. The great gerbil populations constitute several natural foci to plague (caused by the bacteria Yersinia pestis) in Kazakhstan where the disease may with the Kazakhstan monitoring data. #12;

  15. Court File No. 70075/10 SUPERIOR COURT OF JUSTICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Douglas W.

    number CNS- 052431. 11. In 2005 and 2007, I was invited to Kazakhstan, and in 2006, I was invited. 12. My work in Kazakhstan led to my writing "Kazakhstan: The Sailau E-Voting System", a chapter

  16. Special Supplement to the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodell, M; Chambers, D; Famiglietti, J S

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    can be found in Russia, Kazakhstan, and the Sahel region.amounts occurred in Kazakhstan during 1–19 April. On 12Leba- non, Syria, western Kazakhstan, Armenia, Georgia, and

  17. Pastoralist Mobility and Social Controls In Inner Asia: Experiments Using Agent-Based Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, J. Daniel

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Periods in Southeastern Kazakhstan (Zhetysu). Sweet BriarPatterns in Post-Soviet Kazakhstan. In Rangelands of CentralChina, and eastern Kazakhstan (Cioffi-Revilla et al. , 2007;

  18. COUNTRY INSTITUTION SIGNING DATE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    .05.2013 www.kobecufs.ac.jp KAZAKHSTAN Kazakh-American University 16.12.2011 www.kau.kz KAZAKHSTAN KazGAS/IEC 10.05.2012 www.kazgasa.kz KAZAKHSTAN JSC Astana Medical University 22.10.2012 www.amu.kz KAZAKHSTAN West-Kazakhstan Marat Ospanov state Medical University 03.03.2014 www.zkgmu.kz KAZAKHSTAN Kostanay

  19. Micropatterned co-cultures of T-lymphocytes and epithelial cells as a model of mucosal immune system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Revzin, Alexander

    for Biotechnology of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Astana 010000, Kazakhstan a r t i c l e i n f o Article history

  20. Unbiased Estimation of Reliability in StressStrength Model and Similar Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petersburg, Russia VASSILY G. VOINOV Kazakhstan Institute of Management, Economics and Strategic Research, Almaty, Kazakhstan Abstract: Some problems related to an application of the unbiased estimators

  1. A supermatrix analysis of genomic, morphological, and paleontological data from crown Cetacea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geisler, Jonathan H; McGowen, Michael R; Yang, Guang; Gatesy, John

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the late Oligocene of Kazakhstan. J Vertebr Paleontol 2000,SC USA: SC USA: SC USA: SC Kazakhstan USA: SC* New Zealand

  2. COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS AFGHANISTAN Kabul University 07.04.2008 http://www.ku.edu.af

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    ://www.sophia.ac.jp KAZAKHSTAN Farabi Kazakh National University 21.12.2006 http://www.kazsu.kz #12;KAZAKHSTAN Kazakh

  3. Environmental Challenges of Climate-Nuclear Fusion: A Case Study of India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badrinarayan, Deepa

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Vol. 29:129 dom, 94 Kazakhstan, 95 Namibia, 96 and Mongolia.between India and Kazakhstan (Jan. 24, 2009), available at

  4. 25615Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 83 / Monday, May 1, 2006 / Notices SUMMARY: This notice announces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Protection of Intellectual Property in Kazakhstan. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, CONTACT: Marideth Sandler, protection of intellectual property rights in Kazakhstan. The Petitioners were the AFL

  5. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan*, Latvia, Lebanon*,Italy — V Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania LuxembourgItaly Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg

  6. Legislating for smoke-free workplaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1985), Kazakhstan (1996), Kyrgyzstan (1992), Latvia (1993),Not applicable C148 C155 Kyrgyzstan Latvia X Not applicableBan Ban Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg

  7. Increasing State Capacity Through Clans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyle, Jr, Thomas Martin

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, andstudy extends through Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistancause of state failure in Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan due to

  8. International Migration and Human Rights: The Global Repercussions of U.S. Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martínez, Samuel

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guinea, Guyana, Honduras, Kyrgyzstan, Libya, Mali, Mexico,including Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan,ee to Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, where there are large

  9. Microsoft PowerPoint - Dynamics Complexities Accounting for Foreign...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    * Components 4 Major U.S. ImportExport Partners in 2014 Taiwan Japan Russia Euratom Canada Kazakhstan Australia Namibia Euratom Canada China Russia South Africa Kazakhstan...

  10. Department of Energy Nuclear Material Protection, Control, and Accounting Program at the Mangyshlak Atomic Energy Complex, Aktau, Republic of Kazakhstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Case, R.; Berry, R.B.; Eras, A. [and others

    1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the Cooperative Threat Reduction Nuclear Material Protection, Control, and Accounting (MPC and A) Program, the US Department of Energy and Mangyshlak Atomic Energy Complex (MAEC), Aktau, Republic of Kazakstan have cooperated to enhance existing MAEC MPC and A features at the BN-350 liquid-metal fast-breeder reactor. This paper describes the methodology of the enhancement activities and provides representative examples of the MPC and A augmentation implemented at the MAEC.

  11. A study of small explosions and earthquakes during 1961--1989 near the Semipalatinsk Test Site, Kazakhstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khalturin, V.I.; Rautian, T.G. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation). Inst. of Physics of the Earth; Richards, P.G. [Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Palisades, NY (United States)]|[Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States). Dept. of Geological Sciences

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several Russian sources have stated that 343 underground nuclear explosions were conducted during 1961--1989 at the Semipalatinsk Test Site. However, only 282 of them appear to have been described, in the openly available technical literature, with well-determined coordinates; and only 272 have both good locations and magnitudes. The authors have used regional data from 52 stations to study 65 seismic sources initially thought to be in or near the Semipalatinsk region, additional to the 272 underground nuclear explosions with known locations and magnitudes. Of these 65 events, the authors believe 8 are not explosions on the test site, namely: two earthquakes close to the test site; three earthquakes or chemical explosions 100--300 km from the test site; and three events at greater distances from Semipalatinsk. Of the remaining 57 events: 10 were known to be underground nuclear explosions with known locations and the authors have supplied magnitudes where none were previously available; one was a chemical explosion at Degelen; they believe 21 were underground nuclear explosions; 13 were chemical explosions at Balapan; 8 were chemical explosions elsewhere on the test site; three were either nuclear or chemical explosions; and one was either a chemical explosion or a cavity collapse. The largest magnitude of their 44 possible underground nuclear explosions is around 5 (February 4, 1965, obscured at many teleseismic stations by a large Aleutian earthquake). Others lie in the magnitude range 3.5--4.5, and clearly most have sub kiloton yields. Their data set of small events is important for purposes of evaluating the detection capability of teleseismic arrays, and the detection and identification capability of regional stations.

  12. Phlogopite and Quartz Lamellae in Diamond-bearing Diopside from Marbles of the Kokchetav Massif Kazakhstan: Exsolution or Replacement Reaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    L Dobrzhinetskaya; R Wirth; D Rhede; Z Liu; H Green

    2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Exsolution lamellae of pyroxene in garnet (grt), coesite in titanite and omphacite from UHPM terranes are widely accepted as products of decompression. However, interpretation of oriented lamellae of phyllosilicates, framework silicates and oxides as a product of decompression of pyroxene is very often under debate. Results are presented here of FIB-TEM, FEG-EMP and synchrotron-assisted infrared (IR) spectroscopy studies of phlogopite (Phlog) and phlogopite + quartz (Qtz) lamellae in diamond-bearing clinopyroxene (Cpx) from ultra-high pressure (UHP) marble. These techniques allowed collection of three-dimensional information from the grain boundaries of both the single (phlogopite), two-phase lamellae (phlogopite + quartz), and fluid inclusions inside of diamond included in K-rich Cpx and understanding their relationships and mechanisms of formation. The Cpx grains contain in their cores lamellae-I, which are represented by topotactically oriented extremely thin lamellae of phlogopite (that generally are two units cell wide but locally can be seen to be somewhat broader) and microdiamond. The core composition is: (Ca{sub 0.94}K{sub 0.04}Na{sub 0.02})(Al{sub 0.06}Fe{sub 0.08}Mg{sub 0.88})(Si{sub 1.98}Al{sub 0.02})O{sub 6.00}. Fluid inclusions rich in K and Si are recognized in the core of the Cpx, having no visible connections to the lamellae-I. Lamellar-II inclusions consist of micron-size single laths of phlogopite and lens-like quartz or slightly elongated phlogopite + quartz intergrowths; all are situated in the rim zone of the Cpx. The composition of the rim is (Ca{sub 0.95}Fe{sub 0.03}Na{sub 0.02})(Al{sub 0.05}Fe{sub 0.05}Mg{sub 0.90})Si{sub 2}O{sub 6}, and the rim contains more Ca, Mg than the core, with no K there. Such chemical tests support our microstructural observations and conclusion that the phlogopite lamellae-I are exsolved from the K-rich Cpx-precursor during decompression. It is assumed that Cpx-precursor was also enriched in H{sub 2}O, because diamond included in the core of this Cpx contains fluid inclusions. The synchrotron IR spectra of such diamond record the presence of OH{sup -} stretching and H{sub 2}O bending motion regions. Lamellar-II inclusions are interpreted as forming partly because of modification of the lamellae-i in the presence of fluid enriched in K, Fe and Si during deformation of the host diopside; the latter is probably related to the shallower stage of exhumation of the UHP marble. This study emphasizes that in each case to understand the mechanism of lamellar inclusion formation more detailed studies are needed combining both compositional, structural and three-dimensional textural features of lamellar inclusions and their host.

  13. The Post-Soviet Development of Elite-Level Athletics in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silecky, Matej

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    like ski areas and ice rinks that are  uncommon in Central a federation, including an ice rink in  the country and a 

  14. Dongho Jung, Hyeonju Kim, Hosaeng Lee KIOST, KOREA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CONSISTING OF LAMINATED COMPOSITE MATERIAL WITH A HYBRID NUMERICAL SCHEME OTEC with Large diameter riser for OTEC in commercial Thick and fiber composite with various laminate Different elastic and shear

  15. Factory Girl Literature: Sexuality, Violence, and Representation in Industrializing Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barraclough, Ruth

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    suk shares a desk with Miso, who keeps a copy of a book byjealously what it is about, Miso responds that she has noMind your own business” Miso responds, who cannot explain

  16. The Political Economies of Broadband Development in Korea and Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kushida, Kenji; Oh, Seung-Youn

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Structural Change and Deregulation. ” 53. Yuko Suda, “Japan’rules, often comprises deregulation , a relaxing of rules,Structural change and deregulation in the telecommunications

  17. U.S. Style Corporate Governance in Korea's Largest Companies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ehrlich, Craig; Kang, Dae-Seob

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    E.g. , D. Gordon Smith, Corporate Governance and ManagerialPrinciples of Corporate Governance, http://www.oecd.orgdaf/Bank/OECD Global Corporate Governance Forum, Washington

  18. KOREA INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Sht no MB -/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Deog Ki

    MeOH( DMC ) DMC (Crude DMC) . /(SEPARATION SECTION, DMC PURIFICATION SECTION, EG PURIFICATION SECTION) MeOH DMC, EG Crude EG Column MeOH DMC SEPARATION SECTION, Crude DMC Crude EG DMC EC 190 . C200 MeOH DMC (MeOH DMC EG) P215(C200 BTM TRANS. PUMP) CRUDE EG COLUMN(C400) . C200 Me

  19. Korea Institute of Energy Research Seong-Ryong Park

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    +semi-conductor,+ship) exports 172.5 Bil USD (Energy imports) '09 '10 '11(p) *Source: International Monetary Fund - 2011 World.5 38.3 36.8 36.1 22.0 14.2 17.5 15.8 3.7 *source: : Annual Energy Statistics #12;3 Annual energy consumption /p (toe,'09) Power consumption/p (kWh,'09) CO2 emission/p (tCO2,'09) *Source: Energy Balances

  20. Assessment of public perception of radioactive waste management in Korea.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trone, Janis R.; Cho, SeongKyung (Myongji University, Korea); Whang, Jooho (Kyung Hee University, Korea); Lee, Moo Yul

    2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The essential characteristics of the issue of radioactive waste management can be conceptualized as complex, with a variety of facets and uncertainty. These characteristics tend to cause people to perceive the issue of radioactive waste management as a 'risk'. This study was initiated in response to a desire to understand the perceptions of risk that the Korean public holds towards radioactive waste and the relevant policies and policy-making processes. The study further attempts to identify the factors influencing risk perceptions and the relationships between risk perception and social acceptance.

  1. The Division System in Crisis: Essays on Contemporary Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nak-chung, Paik

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    nuclear crisis is that the old-style “diehard reunification” position and hardcore anti-Americanism have lost much of their power to

  2. Feasibility study of Korea biocluster with real estate perspectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Junghun

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Globalization has created a dynamic and rapidly changing marketplace. A business must move quickly to capitalize on the changing environment. For example, many global biotechnology firms are seeking new geographical locations ...

  3. approved korea labor: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    148 Office of Workforce Policy and Labor Relations Engineering Websites Summary: .254-7232 f. 607.255.0298 e. equalopportunity@cornell.edu www.ohr.cornell.edu Cornell University...

  4. The Division System in Crisis: Essays on Contemporary Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nak-chung, Paik

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    nuclear weapons, 151–52; regionalism, 119–20; response to nuclear tests,test, manufacture, produce, receive, possess, store, deploy or use nuclear weapons.

  5. Strategy for Designing DSM Program after the Restructuring in Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhee, C.; Lee, K.; Jo, I.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    program targets interruptible load that covers large customer in commercial and industrial sector. This program can retain demand reserve that does not interrupt process in plant or business along with real-time monitoring load condition of end...

  6. Seoul, South Korea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd JumpInformationScottsOklahoma: EnergySeoul Marine Co Ltd Jump to:Seoul,

  7. Q Tech Quality Technology Korea Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form History Facebook icon TwitterZip JumpProwindPudaPvT CapitalQ Cells SEQ

  8. Korea Advanced Nano Fab Center KANC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii9969995°, -68.9242652° ShowKonarka&

  9. MHK Projects/South Korea | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf KilaueaInformationCygnet.7413°,Scotlandville.9078°, 127.767°

  10. South Korea-Green Growth Strategy Support | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk, NewSingaporeSonix JapanCalifornia:

  11. Korea East West Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou New EnergyKenosistecKilaraKoRentaKorchip

  12. Korea Midland Power Co Ltd KOMIPO | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou New

  13. Tokai Carbon Korea Co Ltd TCK | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin Baxin Hydropower Station Jump to:Tioga Energy JumpToho

  14. Green Growth in Motion: Sharing Korea's Experience | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating AGeothermal/Exploration <GlacialGoldenarticle isin theGrowth Best

  15. Korea-Australia Rheology Journal March 2010 Vol. 22, No. 1 31 Korea-Australia Rheology Journal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    products as well as having important applications in the oilfield indus- try. While the shear rheology

  16. Microsoft PowerPoint - 3_Gary and Brian_Wednesday 5-22 Transit...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Enriched Uranium Imports Austria Belgium Taiwan Canada France Germany Italy Japan Kazakhstan Mexico Netherlands China Russia...

  17. Duke University The Fuqua School of Business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reif, John H.

    -Founder Aika Alemi Astana, Kazakhstan Aika was born in Shymkent, Kazakhstan in 1970 and spent part of her music and piano matriculating at Zhubanov Music School in Zhambyl, Kazakhstan (now Taraz) in 1985. After. In 2006 Aika moved to Astana, the capital of Kazakhstan to join KazMunaiGas as Company Secretary

  18. Contact: Christopher Dudley +1-305-456-1625

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miami, University of

    to Track Caspian Sea Sturgeons ATYRAU, KAZAKHSTAN--Scientists working in the Ural River, Kazakhstan, have and scientists from the Research and Production Center for the Fish Industry of the Republic of Kazakhstan satellite tagging to study Caspian Sea sturgeons. Kazakhstan has taken a giant leap forward

  19. Mathematical 2010, Volume 1, Number 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Russia), A.S. Dzu- madildaev (Kazakhstan), D.E. Edmunds (Great Britain), W.D. Evans (Great Britain), V (Germany), A. Hasanoglu (Turkey), P. Jain (India), T.Sh. Kalmenov (Kazakhstan), K.K. Kenzhibaev (Kaza (Russia), T. Mu- ramatu (Japan), E.D. Nursultanov (Kazakhstan), R. Oinarov (Kazakhstan), I.N. Parassidis

  20. Department of Languages and Cultures of Asia University of Wisconsin-Madison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    opportunities. · The economy of Kazakhstan is larger than that of all other Central Asian countries combined, largely due to plentiful natural resources. · In terms of land area, Kazakhstan is the second largest republic of the former Soviet Union and is the ninth largest country in the world. · Kazakhstan`s