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1

Fabrication of magnetic tunnel junctions with epitaxial and textured ferromagnetic layers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention relates to magnetic tunnel junctions and methods for making the magnetic tunnel junctions. The magnetic tunnel junctions include a tunnel barrier oxide layer sandwiched between two ferromagnetic layers both of which are epitaxial or textured with respect to the underlying substrate upon which the magnetic tunnel junctions are grown. The magnetic tunnel junctions provide improved magnetic properties, sharper interfaces and few defects.

Chang, Y. Austin (Middleton, WI); Yang, Jianhua Joshua (Madison, WI)

2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

2

Critical current of a lateral Josephson junction for layered superconductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have studied the effect of an applied magnetic field Hext on the critical current Ic of a lateral superconducting-insulating-superconducting (S-I-S) Josephson junction between two layered superconductors. In this configuration the layering direction of the superconducting electrodes is parallel to the plane of the junction. We find that the behavior of Ic(Hext) is determined by the parameter ?=jcd0/??j?, where ?? and j? are, respectively, the penetration depth and the interlayer critical current characterizing the bulk superconductors. Also jc is the critical current density between layers on opposite sides of the junction, while d0 is the layer thickness. For ??1 the length scale for field penetration along the direction of the junction is given by ??, leading to the usual Fraunhofer dependence for Ic(Hext). The scenario is vastly different for ??1. In this case the intraelectrode layer couplings are relatively weak and Josephson vortex penetration is found to occur between the layers. The physics of this situation is determined by the standard map. We find that in the absence of an external field Josephson vortices penetrate the structure and form an ordered array. This leads to a value of Ic(0) proportional to the number of layers N. This situation is however upset by a small external field. In this case the vortex distribution acquires an interesting chaotic character which leads to a sizable decrease of the critical current to a value Ic(Hext)? ?N .

Mikhail V. Fistul’ and Gabriele F. Giuliani

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Microstructure of Josephson junctions: Effect on supercurrent transport in YBCO grain boundary and barrier layer junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electric transport of high-temperature superconductors, such as YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7{minus}x} (YBCO), can be strongly restricted by the presence of high-angle grain boundaries (GB). This weak-link behavior is governed by the macroscopic GB geometry and the microscopic grain boundary structure and composition at the atomic level. Whereas grain boundaries present a considerable impediment to high current applications of high T{sub c} materials, there is considerable commercial interest in exploiting the weak-link-nature of grain boundaries for the design of microelectronic devices, such as superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs). The Josephson junctions which form the basis of this technology can also be formed by introducing artificial barriers into the superconductor. The authors have examined both types of Josephson junctions by EM techniques in an effort to understand the connection between microstructure/chemistry and electrical transport properties. This knowledge is a valuable resource for the design and production of improved devices.

Merkle, K.L.; Huang, Y.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Properties of planar Nb/{alpha}-Si/Nb Josephson junctions with various degrees of doping of the {alpha}-Si layer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The properties of Nb/{alpha}-Si/Nb planar Josephson junctions with various degrees of doping of the amorphous silicon layer are experimentally studied. Tungsten is used as a doping impurity. The properties of the Josephson junctions are shown to change substantially when the degree of doping of the {alpha}-Si layer changes: a current transport mechanism and the shape of the current-voltage characteristic of the junctions change. Josephson junctions with SNS-type conduction are formed in the case of a fully degenerate {alpha}-Si layer. The properties of such junctions are described by a classical resistive model. Josephson junctions with a resonance mechanism of current transport through impurity centers are formed at a lower degree of doping of the {alpha}-Si layer. The high-frequency properties of such junctions are shown to change. The experimental results demonstrate that these junctions are close to SINIS-type Josephson junctions.

Gudkov, A. L., E-mail: gudkov@niifp.ru [Lukin Scientific Research Institute of Physical Problems, ZAO Kompelst (Russian Federation); Kupriyanov, M. Yu. [Moscow State University, Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics (Russian Federation); Samus', A. N. [Lukin Scientific Research Institute of Physical Problems, ZAO Kompelst (Russian Federation)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

5

Nanotube junctions  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention comprises a new nanoscale metal-semiconductor, semiconductor-semiconductor, or metal-metal junction, designed by introducing topological or chemical defects in the atomic structure of the nanotube. Nanotubes comprising adjacent sections having differing electrical properties are described. These nanotubes can be constructed from combinations of carbon, boron, nitrogen and other elements. The nanotube can be designed having different indices on either side of a junction point in a continuous tube so that the electrical properties on either side of the junction vary in a useful fashion. For example, the inventive nanotube may be electrically conducting on one side of a junction and semiconducting on the other side. An example of a semiconductor-metal junction is a Schottky barrier. Alternatively, the nanotube may exhibit different semiconductor properties on either side of the junction. Nanotubes containing heterojunctions, Schottky barriers, and metal-metal junctions are useful for microcircuitry.

Crespi, Vincent Henry (Darien, IL); Cohen, Marvin Lou (Berkeley, CA); Louie, Steven Gwon Sheng (Berkeley, CA); Zettl, Alexander Karlwalter (Kensington, CA)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Effect of magnetic field on quasiparticle branches of intrinsic Josephson junctions with ferromagnetic layer.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The interlayer tunneling spectroscopy has been performed on micron-sized mesa arrays of HgBr{sub 2} intercalated superconducting Bi2212 single crystals. A ferromagnetic multilayer (Au/Co/Au) is deposited on top of the mesas. The spin-polarized current is driven along the c-axis of the mesas through a ferromagnetic Co layer and the hysteretic quasiparticle branches are observed at 4.2 K. Magnetic field evolution of hysteretic quasiparticle branches is obtained to examine the effect of injected spin-polarized current on intrinsic Josephson junction characteristics. It is observed that there is a gradual distribution in quasiparticle branches with the application of magnetic field and increasing field reduces the switching current progressively.

Ozyuzer, L.; Ozdemir, M.; Kurter, C.; Hinks, D. G.; Gray, K. E. (Materials Science Division); (Izmir Inst. of Tech.)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Highly transparent low capacitance plasma enhanced atomic layer deposition Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-HfO{sub 2} tunnel junction engineering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of metallic single electron transistor (SET) depends on the downscaling and the electrical properties of its tunnel junctions. These tunnel junctions should insure high tunnel current levels, low thermionic current, and low capacitance. The authors use atomic layer deposition to fabricate Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and HfO{sub 2} thin layers. Tunnel barrier engineering allows the achievement of low capacitance Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and HfO{sub 2} tunnel junctions using optimized annealing and plasma exposure conditions. Different stacks were designed and fabricated to increase the transparency of the tunnel junction while minimizing thermionic current. This tunnel junction is meant to be integrated in SET to enhance its electrical properties (e.g., operating temperature, I{sub ON}/I{sub OFF} ratio)

El Hajjam, Khalil, E-mail: khalil.el-hajjam@insa-lyon.fr [INL, INSA, UMR CNRS 5270, 7 Avenue Jean Capelle, 69621 Villeurbanne Cedex, France and Institut Interdisciplinaire d'Innovation Technologique (3IT), Université de Sherbrooke, 3000 Boulevard Université, Sherbrooke, J1K OA5, Québec (Canada); Baboux, Nicolas; Calmon, Francis [INL, INSA, UMR CNRS 5270, 7 Avenue Jean Capelle, 69621 Villeurbanne Cedex (France); Souifi, Abdelkader [Laboratoire Nanotechnologies Nanosystèmes (LN2)-CNRS UMI-3463, Université de Sherbrooke, 3000 Boulevard Université, Sherbrooke, J1K OA5, Québec (Canada); Poncelet, Olivier; Francis, Laurent A. [ICTEAM, ELEN, UCL, Place du Levant 3, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium); Ecoffey, Serge; Drouin, Dominique [Laboratoire Nanotechnologies Nanosystèmes (LN2)-CNRS UMI-3463, Université de Sherbrooke, 3000 Boulevard Université, Sherbrooke, J1K OA5, Québec, Canada and Institut Interdisciplinaire d'Innovation Technologique (3IT), Université de Sherbrooke, 3000 Boulevard Université, Sherbrooke, J1K OA5, Québec (Canada)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

8

Tunneling processes in asymmetric double barrier magnetic tunnel junctions with a thin top MgO layer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dynamic conductance dI/dV and inelastic electron tunneling spectroscopy (IETS) d{sup 2}I/dV{sup 2} have been measured at different temperatures for double barrier magnetic tunnel junctions with a thin top MgO layer. The resistance in the antiparallel state exhibits a normal tunnel-like behavior, while the resistance in the parallel state shows metallic-like transport, indicating the presence of pinholes in the thin top MgO layer. Three IETS peaks are the zero-bias anomaly, interface magnons, and barrier phonons in both the parallel and antiparallel states. The zero-bias anomaly is the strongest peak in the parallel state and its intensity decreases with temperature. The magnon has the largest intensity in the antiparallel state and its intensity also decreases with temperature. The origins of the dips and peaks in the dI/dV-V curve are also discussed.

Li, D. L.; Feng, J. F. [Beijing National Laboratory of Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); CRANN and School of Physics, Trinity College, Dublin 2 (Ireland); Yu, G. Q.; Guo, P.; Wei, H. X.; Han, X. F., E-mail: xfhan@aphy.iphy.ac.cn [Beijing National Laboratory of Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Chen, J. Y.; Coey, J. M. D. [CRANN and School of Physics, Trinity College, Dublin 2 (Ireland)

2013-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

9

Heat transfer coefficient saturation in superconducting Nb tunnel junctions contacted to a NbTiN circuit and an Au energy relaxation layer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we present the experimental realization of a Nb tunnel junction connected to a high-gap superconducting NbTiN embedding circuit. We investigate relaxation of nonequilibrium quasiparticles in a small volume Au layer between the Nb tunnel junction and the NbTiN circuit. We find a saturation in the effective heat-transfer coefficient consistent with a simple theoretical model. This saturation is determined by the thickness of the Au layer. Our findings are important for the design of the ideal Au energy relaxation layer for practical SIS heterodyne mixers and we suggest two geometries, one, using a circular Au layer and, two, using a half-circular Au layer. Our work is concluded with an outlook of our future experiments.

Selig, Stefan; Jacobs, Karl; Schultz, Michael; Honingh, Netty

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

BI-LAYER p-n JUNCTION INTERCONNECTIONS FOR COAL BASED SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELLS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this report, a new approach for lower operating temperature solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) interconnections (IC) consisting of a bi-layer structure is proposed and analyzed. The bi-layer structure consists of a p-type layer exposed to cathodic gas (air/oxygen) and an n-type layer exposed to anodic gas (fuel). It is theoretically shown that the interfacial oxygen partial pressure which is an important design variable, is dependent primarily on the oxygen partial pressure gradient across the IC, the low level oxygen conductivities of the two layers and is largely independent of their electronic conductivities and the total current density through the IC material. Experimental difficulties in fabricating bi-layer structures are presently being addressed.

Srikanth Gopalan

2005-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

11

Magnetic tunnel junctions for magnetic field sensor by using CoFeB sensing layer capped with MgO film  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We evaluated MgO-based magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) for magnetic field sensors with spin-valve-type structures in the CoFeB sensing layer capped by an MgO film in order to obtain both top and bottom interfaces of MgO/CoFeB exhibiting interfacial perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA). Hysteresis of the CoFeB sensing layer in these MTJs annealed at 275?°C was suppressed at a thickness of the sensing layer below 1.2?nm by interfacial PMA. We confirmed that the CoFeB sensing layers capped with MgO suppress the thickness dependences of both the magnetoresistance ratio and the magnetic behaviors of the CoFeB sensing layer more than that of the MTJ with a Ta capping layer. MgO-based MTJs with MgO capping layers can improve the controllability of the characteristics for magnetic field sensors.

Takenaga, Takashi, E-mail: takenaga@leap.or.jp; Tsuzaki, Yosuke; Yoshida, Chikako; Yamazaki, Yuichi; Hatada, Akiyoshi; Nakabayashi, Masaaki; Iba, Yoshihisa; Takahashi, Atsushi; Noshiro, Hideyuki; Tsunoda, Koji; Aoki, Masaki; Furukawa, Taisuke; Fukumoto, Hiroshi; Sugii, Toshihiro [Low-power Electronics Association and Project (LEAP), Tsukuba 305-8569 (Japan)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

12

Broadband and omnidirectional anti-reflection layer for III/V multi-junction solar cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report a novel graded refractive index antireflection coating for III/V quadruple solar cells based on bottom-up grown tapered GaP nanowires. We have calculated the photocurrent density of an InGaP-GaAs-InGaAsP-InGaAs solar cell with a MgF2/ZnS double layer antireflection coating and with a graded refractive index coating. The photocurrent density can be increased by 5.9 % when the solar cell is coated with a graded refractive index layer with a thickness of 1\\mu m. We propose to realize such a graded refractive index layer by growing tapered GaP nanowires on III/V solar cells. For a first demonstration of the feasibility of the growth of tapered nanowires on III/V solar cells, we have grown tapered GaP nanowires on AlInP/GaAs substrates. We show experimentally that the reflection from the nanowire coated substrate is reduced and that the transmission into the substrate is increased for a broad spectral and angular range.

Diedenhofen, Silke L; Haverkamp, Erik; Bauhuis, Gerard; Schermer, John; Rivas, Jaime Gómez; 10.1016/j.solmat.2012.02.022

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Superconductive tunnel junction integrated circuit  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Josephson Junction integrated circuits of the current injection type and magnetically controlled type utilize a superconductive layer that forms both Josephson Junction electrode for the Josephson Junction devices on the integrated circuit as well as a ground plane for the integrated circuit. Large area Josephson Junctions are utilized for effecting contact to lower superconductive layers and islands are formed in superconductive layers to provide isolation between the groundplane function and the Josephson Junction electrode function as well as to effect crossovers. A superconductor-barrier-superconductor trilayer patterned by local anodization is also utilized with additional layers formed thereover. Methods of manufacturing the embodiments of the invention are disclosed.

Jillie, D.W. Jr.; Smith, L.N.

1984-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

14

Spin dependent transport properties of Mn-Ga/MgO/Mn-Ga magnetic tunnel junctions with metal(Mg, Co, Cr) insertion layer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report a first principles theoretical investigation of spin polarized quantum transport in Mn{sub 2}Ga/MgO/Mn{sub 2}Ga and Mn{sub 3}Ga/MgO/Mn{sub 3}Ga magnetic tunneling junctions (MTJs) with the consideration of metal(Mg, Co, Cr) insertion layer effect. By changing the concentration of Mn, our calculation shows a considerable disparity in transport properties: A tunneling magnetoresistance (TMR) ratio of 852% was obtained for Mn{sub 2}Ga-based MTJs, however, only a 5% TMR ratio for Mn{sub 3}Ga-based MTJs. In addition, the influence of insertion layer has been considered in our calculation. We found the Co insertion layer can increase the TMR of Mn{sub 2}Ga-based MTJ to 904%; however, the Cr insertion layer can decrease the TMR by 668%; A negative TMR ratio can be obtained with Mg insertion layer. Our work gives a comprehensive understanding of the influence of different insertion layer in Mn-Ga based MTJs. It is proved that, due to the transmission can be modulated by the interfacial electronic structure of insertion, the magnetoresistance ratio of Mn{sub 2}Ga/MgO/Mn{sub 2}Ga MTJ can be improved by inserting Co layer.

Liang, S. H.; Tao, L. L.; Liu, D. P., E-mail: dpliu@iphy.ac.cn; Han, X. F., E-mail: xfhan@iphy.ac.cn [State Key Laboratory of Magnetism, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Lu, Y. [Institut Jean Lamour, UMR 7198, CNRS-Nancy Université, BP 239, 54506 Vandoeuvre (France)

2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

15

Current-induced switching of magnetic tunnel junctions: Effects of field-like spin-transfer torque, pinned-layer magnetization orientation, and temperature  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study current-induced switching in magnetic tunnel junctions in the presence of a field-like spin-transfer torque and titled pinned-layer magnetization in the high current limit at finite temperature. We consider both the Slonczewski and field-like torques with coefficients a{sub J} and b{sub J}, respectively. At finite temperatures, ?=b{sub J}/a{sub J}=±1 leads to a smaller mean switching time compared that with ?=0. The reduction of switching time in the presence of the field-like term is due to the alignment effect (for ?>0) and the initial torque effect.

Tiwari, R. K.; Jhon, M. H.; Ng, N.; Gan, C. K., E-mail: ganck@ihpc.a-star.edu.sg [Institute of High Performance Computing, Agency for Science, Technology and Research, 1 Fusionopolis Way, 16-16 Connexis, Singapore 138632 (Singapore); Srolovitz, D. J. [Department of Materials Science, Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 (United States)

2014-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

16

Method of manufacturing Josephson junction integrated circuits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Josephson junction integrated circuits of the current injection type and magnetically controlled type utilize a superconductive layer that forms both Josephson junction electrode for the Josephson junction devices on the integrated circuit as well as a ground plane for the integrated circuit. Large area Josephson junctions are utilized for effecting contact to lower superconductive layers and islands are formed in superconductive layers to provide isolation between the groudplane function and the Josephson junction electrode function as well as to effect crossovers. A superconductor-barrier-superconductor trilayer patterned by local anodization is also utilized with additional layers formed thereover. Methods of manufacturing the embodiments of the invention are disclosed.

Jillie Jr., D. W.; Smith, L. N.

1985-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

17

Josephson junction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A novel method for fabricating nanometer geometry electronic devices is described. Such Josephson junctions can be accurately and reproducibly manufactured employing photolithographic and direct write electron beam lithography techniques in combination with aqueous etchants. In particular, a method is described for manufacturing planar Josephson junctions from high temperature superconducting material.

Wendt, Joel R. (Albuquerque, NM); Plut, Thomas A. (Albuquerque, NM); Martens, Jon S. (Sunnyvale, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Josephson junction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A novel method for fabricating nanometer geometry electronic devices is described. Such Josephson junctions can be accurately and reproducibly manufactured employing photolithographic and direct write electron beam lithography techniques in combination with aqueous etchants. In particular, a method is described for manufacturing planar Josephson junctions from high temperature superconducting material. 10 figs.

Wendt, J.R.; Plut, T.A.; Martens, J.S.

1995-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

19

Four-Junction Solar Cell with 40% Target Efficiency Fabricated by Wafer Bonding and Layer Transfer: Final Technical Report, 1 January 2005 - 31 December 2007  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We realized high-quality InGaP/GaAs 2-junction top cells on Ge/Si, InGaAs/InP bottom cells, direct-bond series interconnection of tandem cells, and modeling of bonded 3- and 4-junction device performance.

Atwater, H. A.

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Duality in Josephson Junction Arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Various properties of mesoscopic two-dimensional Josephson junction arrays are reviewed. Particular attention is paid to structure of the topological excitations, charges and vortices, which are shown to be dual to each other. This duality persists in the presence of external magnetic fields and offset charges, which influence vortices and charges in an equivalent way. A double-layer junction array is also considered, where an even further reaching duality is discovered.

Ya. M. Blanter; Rosario Fazio; Gerd Schoen

1997-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "junction adjacent layers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Peltier cooling stage utilizing a superconductor-semiconductor junction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a Peltier cooling stack. It comprises: a first electrode; a superconducting layer electrically coupled to the first electrode; a semiconducting layer electrically coupled to the superconducting layer; and a second superconducting layer electrically coupled to the semiconductor layer; and a second electrode electrically coupled to the second superconducting layer, electrons flowing under an applied voltage from the first electrode through the first superconducting layer, semiconductor layer, second superconducting layer and second electrode, the electrical junction between the first superconducting layer and semiconductor providing Peltier cooling while the electrical junction between the semiconductor layer and the second superconducting layer providing Peltier heating, whereby a cryogenic Peltier cooling stack is provided.

Skertic, M.M.

1991-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

22

low Si p+-n junctions fabricated by focused ion beam Ga+ implantation through thin Ti and TiSi2 layers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

metals and silicide layers, in conjunction with rapid thermal annealing (RTA) to complete metal silicides and it forms uniform thin films on Si. Most of the current research involving salicide+ implantation through Ti metal (ITM) and TiSi, (ITS) layers, followed by rapid thermal annealing (RTA), has been

Steckl, Andrew J.

23

Junction Hilltop Wind | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Junction Hilltop Wind Junction Hilltop Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name Junction Hilltop Wind Facility Junction Hilltop Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Community Owned Developer Tom Wind & Bill Sutton Energy Purchaser Interstate Power and Light (Alliant Energy) Location Grand Junction IA Coordinates 42.04671131°, -94.23969269° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.04671131,"lon":-94.23969269,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

24

Delta Junction Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Delta Junction Wind Farm Delta Junction Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Delta Junction Wind Farm Facility Delta Junction Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Alaska Environmental Power Developer Alaska Environmental Power Location South of Delta Junction AK Coordinates 64.069461°, -145.717661° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":64.069461,"lon":-145.717661,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

25

Solar Junction | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Junction Jump to: navigation, search Name: Solar Junction Place: San Jose, California Zip: CA 95131 Sector: Efficiency, Solar Product: Solar Junction is developing high efficiency...

26

Holographic Josephson Junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We construct a gravitational dual of a Josephson junction. Calculations on the gravity side reproduce the standard relation between the current across the junction and the phase difference of the condensate. We also study the dependence of the maximum current on the temperature and size of the junction and reproduce familiar results.

Horowitz, Gary T.; Santos, Jorge E.; Way, Benson [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106-4030 (United States)

2011-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

27

A Holographic Josephson Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct a gravitational dual of a Josephson junction. Calculations on the gravity side reproduce the standard relation between the current across the junction and the phase difference of the condensate. We also study the dependence of the maximum current on the temperature and size of the junction and reproduce familiar results.

Gary T. Horowitz; Jorge E. Santos; Benson Way

2012-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

28

Complementary junction heterostructure field-effect transistor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A complimentary pair of compound semiconductor junction heterostructure field-effect transistors and a method for their manufacture are disclosed. The p-channel junction heterostructure field-effect transistor uses a strained layer to split the degeneracy of the valence band for a greatly improved hole mobility and speed. The n-channel device is formed by a compatible process after removing the strained layer. In this manner, both types of transistors may be independently optimized. Ion implantation is used to form the transistor active and isolation regions for both types of complimentary devices. The invention has uses for the development of low power, high-speed digital integrated circuits. 10 figs.

Baca, A.G.; Drummond, T.J.; Robertson, P.J.; Zipperian, T.E.

1995-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

29

Nonlocal macroscopic quantum tunneling and quantum terahertz electrodynamics in layered superconductors: Theory and simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in stacks of intrinsic Josephson junctions. Due to the long-range interaction between junctions in layered of Josephson junctions. We also propose a simple analytical formula to estimate the MQT escape rate. Moreover junction, stacks of intrinsic Josephson junctions are strongly coupled along the direction perpen- dicular

Nori, Franco

30

Magnetic field penetration in a long Josephson junction imbedded in a wide stripline  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetic field penetration in a long Josephson junction imbedded in a wide stripline Andreas Franz The dependence of the first critical field of long linear and annular Josephson junctions on the width A Josephson junction is formed by two superconductors separated by a thin oxide layer allowing the tunneling

Wallraff, Andreas

31

Holographic SIS Josephson Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct a holographic model for the superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) Josephson junction at zero temperature by considering a complex scalar field coupled with a U(1) gauge field in the four dimensional Anti de Sitter soliton background. As a result, we successfully reproduce many characteristic features of the Josephson junction in condensed matter physics, such as the sine relation between the DC current and the phase difference across the junction.

Wang, Yong-Qiang; Cai, Rong-Gen; Takeuchi, Shingo; Zhang, Hai-Qing

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Quantum Junction Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Quantum Junction Solar Cells ... § Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Toronto, 10 King’s College Road, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 3G4, Canada ...

Jiang Tang; Huan Liu; David Zhitomirsky; Sjoerd Hoogland; Xihua Wang; Melissa Furukawa; Larissa Levina; Edward H. Sargent

2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

33

Josephson junction element  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A sandwich-type josephson junction element wherein a counter electrode is made of a mo-re alloy which contains 10-90 atomic-% of re. The josephson junction element has a high operating temperature, and any deterioration thereof attributed to a thermal cycle is not noted.

Kawabe, U.; Tarutani, Y.; Yamada, H.

1982-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

34

Three-junction solar cell  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photovoltaic solar cell is formed in a monolithic semiconductor. The cell contains three junctions. In sequence from the light-entering face, the junctions have a high, a medium, and a low energy gap. The lower junctions are connected in series by one or more metallic members connecting the top of the lower junction through apertures to the bottom of the middle junction. The upper junction is connected in voltage opposition to the lower and middle junctions by second metallic electrodes deposited in holes 60 through the upper junction. The second electrodes are connected to an external terminal.

Ludowise, Michael J. (Cupertino, CA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Low temperature junction growth using hot-wire chemical vapor deposition  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and a process for forming a semi-conductor device, and solar cells (10) formed thereby. The process includes preparing a substrate (12) for deposition of a junction layer (14); forming the junction layer (14) on the substrate (12) using hot wire chemical vapor deposition; and, finishing the semi-conductor device.

Wang, Qi; Page, Matthew; Iwaniczko, Eugene; Wang, Tihu; Yan, Yanfa

2014-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

36

Holographic SIS Josephson Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct a holographic model for the superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) Josephson junction at zero temperature by considering a complex scalar field coupled with a Maxwell field in the four-dimensional anti-de Sitter soliton background. From the gravity side we reproduce the sine relation between the Josephson current and the phase difference across the junction. We also study the dependence of the maximal current on the dimension of the condensate operator and on the width of the junction, and obtain expected results.

Yong-Qiang Wang; Yu-Xiao Liu; Rong-Gen Cai; Shingo Takeuchi; Hai-Qing Zhang

2012-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

37

Improved method of preparing p-i-n junctions in amorphous silicon semiconductors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of preparing p/sup +/-i-n/sup +/ junctions for amorphous silicon semiconductors includes depositing amorphous silicon on a thin layer of trivalent material, such as aluminum, indium, or gallium at a temperature in the range of 200/sup 0/C to 250/sup 0/C. At this temperature, the layer of trivalent material diffuses into the amorphous silicon to form a graded p/sup +/-i junction. A layer of n-type doped material is then deposited onto the intrinsic amorphous silicon layer in a conventional manner to finish forming the p/sup +/-i-n/sup +/ junction.

Madan, A.

1984-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

38

Modeling Schottky barrier SINIS junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: cond-mat/0001269 J. K. Freericks, Georgetown University, Josephson Junction talk, 2001 #12;Josephson). J. K. Freericks, Georgetown University, Josephson Junction talk, 2001 S I S I I V V Ic #12 University, Josephson Junction talk, 2001 S N S I I V V Ic #12;Digital Electronics and RSFQ logic · Rapid

Freericks, Jim

39

Spin Torques in Magnetic and Superconducting Tunnel Junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Josephson Junctions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Nonlinear Dynamics in a Magnetic Josephson Junction . . . .in a magnetic Josephson junction. ” Phys. Rev. B, 86:

Hoffman, Silas Eli

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Proximity effect and hot-electron diffusion in Ag/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Al tunnel junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have fabricated Ag/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Al tunnel junctions on Si substrates using a new process. This process was developed to fabricate superconducting tunnel junctions (STJs) on the surface of a superconductor. These junctions allow us to study the proximity effect of a superconducting Al film on a normal metal trapping layer. In addition, these devices allow us to measure the hot-electron diffusion constant using a single junction. Lastly these devices will help us optimize the design and fabrication of tunnel junctions on the surface of high-Z, ultra-pure superconducting crystals. 5 refs., 8 figs.

Netel, H., Jochum, J., Labov, S.E., Mears, C.A., Frank, M. [Physics and Space Technology Directorate, Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Chow, D., Lindeman, M.A., Hiller, L.J. [California Univ., Davis, CA (United States). Dept. of Applied Science

1997-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "junction adjacent layers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Electronic structures at Magnetic Tunnel Junction interfaces: EELS experiments and FEFF calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electron transfer between the electrodes in a Magnetic Tunnel Junction (MTJ) is spin-dependent and directly related to the relative orientation of the magnetization of the two ferromagnetic layers on each side...

K. March; D. Imhoff; G. Krill; C. Colliex

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

High temperature superconductor step-edge Josephson junctions using Ti-Ca-Ba-Cu-O  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A process is disclosed for formulating non-hysteretic and hysteretic Josephson junctions using HTS materials which results in junctions having the ability to operate at high temperatures while maintaining high uniformity and quality. The non-hysteretic Josephson junction is formed by step-etching a LaAlO[sub 3] crystal substrate and then depositing a thin film of TlCaBaCuO on the substrate, covering the step, and forming a grain boundary at the step and a subsequent Josephson junction. Once the non-hysteretic junction is formed the next step to form the hysteretic Josephson junction is to add capacitance to the system. In the current embodiment, this is accomplished by adding a thin dielectric layer, LaA1O[sub 3], followed by a cap layer of a normal metal where the cap layer is formed by first depositing a thin layer of titanium (Ti) followed by a layer of gold (Au). The dielectric layer and the normal metal cap are patterned to the desired geometry. 8 figs.

Ginley, D.S.; Hietala, V.M.; Hohenwarter, G.K.G.; Martens, J.S.; Plut, T.A.; Tigges, C.P.; Vawter, G.A.; Zipperian, T.E.

1994-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

43

High temperature superconductor step-edge Josephson junctions using Ti-Ca-Ba-Cu-O  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A process for formulating non-hysteretic and hysteretic Josephson junctions using HTS materials which results in junctions having the ability to operate at high temperatures while maintaining high uniformity and quality. The non-hysteretic Josephson junction is formed by step-etching a LaAlO.sub.3 crystal substrate and then depositing a thin film of TlCaBaCuO on the substrate, covering the step, and forming a grain boundary at the step and a subsequent Josephson junction. Once the non-hysteretic junction is formed the next step to form the hysteretic Josephson junction is to add capacitance to the system. In the current embodiment, this is accomplished by adding a thin dielectric layer, LaA1O.sub.3, followed by a cap layer of a normal metal where the cap layer is formed by first depositing a thin layer of titanium (Ti) followed by a layer of gold (Au). The dielectric layer and the normal metal cap are patterned to the desired geometry.

Ginley, David S. (Evergreen, CO); Hietala, Vincent M. (Placitas, NM); Hohenwarter, Gert K. G. (Madison, WI); Martens, Jon S. (Sunnyvale, CA); Plut, Thomas A. (Albuquerque, NM); Tigges, Chris P. (Albuquerque, NM); Vawter, Gregory A. (Albuquerque, NM); Zipperian, Thomas E. (Albuquerque, NM)

1994-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

44

Macroscopic quantum tunneling in Josephson junctions -  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Macroscopic quantum tunneling in Josephson junctions - a method to characterise a well-shielded low Theory 5 1. The classical theory of Josephson junctions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 1-Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 2. Josephson junction dynamics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 2.1 The basics

Gross, Rudolf

45

Josephson Junction Arrays with Bose-Einstein Condensates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the direct observation of an oscillating atomic current in a one-dimensional array of Josephson junctions realized with an atomic Bose-Einstein condensate. The array is created by a laser standing-wave, with the condensates trapped in the valleys of the periodic potential and weakly coupled by the inter-well barriers. The coherence of multiple tunneling between adjacent wells is continuously probed by atomic interference. The square of the small-amplitude oscillation frequency is proportional to the microscopic tunneling rate of each condensate through the barriers, and provides a direct measurement of the Josephson critical current as a function of the intermediate barrier heights. Our superfluid array may allow investigation of phenomena so far inaccessible to superconducting Josephson junctions and lays a bridge between the condensate dynamics and the physics of discrete nonlinear media.

F. S. Cataliotti; S. Burger; C. Fort; P. Maddaloni; F. Minardi; A. Trombettoni; A. Smerzi; M. Inguscio

2001-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

46

Semiconductor device PN junction fabrication using optical processing of amorphous semiconductor material  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Systems and methods for semiconductor device PN junction fabrication are provided. In one embodiment, a method for fabricating an electrical device having a P-N junction comprises: depositing a layer of amorphous semiconductor material onto a crystalline semiconductor base, wherein the crystalline semiconductor base comprises a crystalline phase of a same semiconductor as the amorphous layer; and growing the layer of amorphous semiconductor material into a layer of crystalline semiconductor material that is epitaxially matched to the lattice structure of the crystalline semiconductor base by applying an optical energy that penetrates at least the amorphous semiconductor material.

Sopori, Bhushan; Rangappan, Anikara

2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

47

Seismicity in Azerbaijan and Adjacent Caspian Sea  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

So far no general view on the geodynamic evolution of the Black Sea to the Caspian Sea region is elaborated. This is associated with the geological and structural complexities of the region revealed by geophysical, geochemical, petrologic, structural, and other studies. A clash of opinions on geodynamic conditions of the Caucasus region, sometimes mutually exclusive, can be explained by a simplified interpretation of the seismic data. In this paper I analyze available data on earthquake occurrences in Azerbaijan and the adjacent Caspian Sea region. The results of the analysis of macroseismic and instrumental data, seismic regime, and earthquake reoccurrence indicate that a level of seismicity in the region is moderate, and seismic event are concentrated in the shallow part of the lithosphere. Seismicity is mostly intra-plate, and spatial distribution of earthquake epicenters does not correlate with the plate boundaries.

Panahi, Behrouz M. [Geology Institute, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, 29-A H. Javid Ave., Baku 1143 (Azerbaijan)

2006-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

48

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 85, 214522 (2012) Area-dependence of spin-triplet supercurrent in ferromagnetic Josephson junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 85, 214522 (2012) Area-dependence of spin-triplet supercurrent in ferromagnetic June 2012) Josephson junctions containing multiple ferromagnetic layers can carry spin-triplet Josephson junctions Yixing Wang, W. P. Pratt Jr., and Norman O. Birge* Department of Physics and Astronomy

Birge, Norman

49

Measurements and Predictions of the Heat Transfer at the Tube-Fin Junction for Louvered Fin Heat Exchangers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurements and Predictions of the Heat Transfer at the Tube-Fin Junction for Louvered Fin Heat Transfer at the Tube-Fin Junction for Louvered Fin Heat Exchangers Abstract The dominant thermal resistance used to increase heat transfer by initiating new boundary layer growth and increasing surface area

Thole, Karen A.

50

Josephson junction Q-spoiler  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An automatic Q-spoiler comprising at least one Josephson tunnel junction connected in an LC circuit for flow of resonant current therethrough. When in use in a system for detecting the magnetic resonance of a gyromagnetic particle system, a high energy pulse of high frequency energy irradiating the particle system will cause the critical current through the Josephson tunnel junctions to be exceeded, causing the tunnel junctions to act as resistors and thereby damp the ringing of the high-Q detection circuit after the pulse. When the current has damped to below the critical current, the Josephson tunnel junctions revert to their zero-resistance state, restoring the Q of the detection circuit and enabling the low energy magnetic resonance signals to be detected.

Clarke, John (Berkeley, CA); Hilbert, Claude (Austin, TX); Hahn, Erwin L. (Berkeley, CA); Sleator, Tycho (Berkeley, CA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Josephson junction Q-spoiler  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An automatic Q-spoiler comprising at least one Josephson tunnel junction connected in an LC circuit for flow of resonant current therethrough. When in use in a system for detecting the magnetic resonance of a gyromagnetic particle system, a high energy pulse of high frequency energy irradiating the particle system will cause the critical current through the Josephson tunnel junctions to be exceeded, causing the tunnel junctions to act as resistors and thereby damp the ringing of the high-Q detection circuit after the pulse. When the current has damped to below the critical current, the Josephson tunnel junctions revert to their zero-resistance state, restoring the Q of the detection circuit and enabling the low energy magnetic resonance signals to be detected.

Clarke, J.; Hilbert, C.; Hahn, E.L.; Sleator, T.

1986-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

52

Electromagnetically Induced Transparency in a Double Well Atomic Josephson Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

observation of these Josephson junction resonances. 2.dressed Bose condensed Josephson junction Let us consider ain a Double Well Atomic Josephson Junction J.O. Weatherall

Weatherall, J. O.; Search, C. P.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Helium 4 Dimer in Two Coaxial Adjacent Nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ground state properties of the helium 4 dimer, within the geometry defined by two adjacent nanotubes with different radii and hard core walls,...

J. Brana; S. Kili?; L. Vranješ

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Junction Transport in Epitaxial Film Silicon Heterojunction Solar Cells: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report our progress toward low-temperature HWCVD epitaxial film silicon solar cells on inexpensive seed layers, with a focus on the junction transport physics exhibited by our devices. Heterojunctions of i/p hydrogenated amorphous Si (a-Si) on our n-type epitaxial crystal Si on n++ Si wafers show space-charge-region recombination, tunneling or diffusive transport depending on both epitaxial Si quality and the applied forward voltage.

Young, D. L.; Li, J. V.; Teplin, C. W.; Stradins, P.; Branz, H. M.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Alexey Ustinov Two-level fluctuators in Josephson junctions Josephson junction as a tool to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alexey Ustinov Two-level fluctuators in Josephson junctions Josephson junction as a tool;Alexey Ustinov Two-level fluctuators in Josephson junctions Outline JJ phase qubit Microwave spectroscopy. Ustinov. ArXiv:0909.3425 #12;Alexey Ustinov Two-level fluctuators in Josephson junctions Josephson tunnel

Fominov, Yakov

56

Precision measurement with an optical Josephson junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study a new type of Josephson device, the so-called "optical Josephson junction" as proposed in Phys. Rev. Lett. {\\bf 95}, 170402 (2005). Two condensates are optically coupled through a waveguide by a pair of Bragg beams. This optical Josephson junction is analogous to the usual Josephson junction of two condensates weakly coupled via tunneling. We discuss the use of this optical Josephson junction, for making precision measurements.

H. T. Ng; K. Burnett; J. A. Dunningham

2006-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

57

Precision measurement with an optical Josephson junction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a theoretical study of a type of Josephson device, the so-called 'optical Josephson junction' [Y. Shin et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 170402 (2005).]. In this device, two condensates are optically coupled through a waveguide by a pair of Bragg beams. This optical Josephson junction differs from the usual Josephson junction where condensates are weakly coupled by tunneling through a barrier. We discuss the use of this optical Josephson junction, for making precision measurements.

Ng, H. T.; Burnett, K. [Clarendon Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PU (United Kingdom); Dunningham, J. A. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, LS2 9JT (United Kingdom)

2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

58

Dynamics of Josephson-junction ladders  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have numerically studied dynamical behaviors of Josephson-junction ladders consisting of [ital N][sub [ital p

Kim, J. (Department of Physics, Basic Science Research Institute, Pohang Institute of Science and Technology, Pohang P.O. Box 125, Kyungbuk 790-600 (Korea, Republic of) Division of Basic Science Research, Research Institute of Industrial Science and Technology, Pohang P.O. Box 135, Kyungbuk 790-600 (Korea, Republic of)); Choe, W.G.; Kim, S. (Department of Physics, Basic Science Research Institute, Pohang Institute of Science and Technology, Pohang P.O. Box 125, Kyungbuk 790-600 (Korea, Republic of)); Lee, H.J. (Department of Physics, Basic Science Research Institute, Pohang Institute of Science and Technology, Pohang P.O. Box 125, Kyungbuk 790-600 (Korea, Republic of) Division of Basic Science Research, Research Institute of Industrial Science and Technology, Pohang P.O. Box 135, Kyungbuk 790-600 (Korea, Republic of))

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Quantum effects in nanoscale Josephson junction circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum effects in nanoscale Josephson junction circuits SILVIA CORLEVI Doctoral Thesis Stockholm Josephson junction arrays with SQUID geometry. TRITA FYS 2006:31 ISSN 0280-316X ISRN KTH/FYS/­06:31­SE ISBN study on single-charge effects in nanoscale Josephson junctions and Cooper pair transistors (CPTs

Haviland, David

60

Thermal spin-transfer torque in magnetic tunnel junctions (invited)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The thermal spin-transfer torque (TSTT) is an effect to switch the magnetic free layer in a magnetic tunnel junction by a temperature gradient only. We present ab initio calculations of the TSTT. In particular, we discuss the influence of magnetic layer composition by considering Fe{sub x}Co{sub 1–x} alloys. Further, we compare the TSTT to the bias voltage driven STT and discuss the requirements for a possible thermal switching. For example, only for very thin barriers of 3 monolayers MgO, a thermal switching is imaginable. However, even for such a thin barrier, the TSTT is still too small for switching at the moment and further optimization is needed. In particular, the TSTT strongly depends on the composition of the ferromagnetic layer. In our current study, it turns out that at the chosen thickness of the ferromagnetic layer, pure Fe gives the highest thermal spin-transfer torque.

Heiliger, Christian, E-mail: christian.heiliger@physik.uni-giessen.de; Franz, C.; Czerner, Michael [I. Physikalisches Institut, Justus Liebig University, Giessen (Germany)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "junction adjacent layers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Josephson-junction logic device  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Josephson-junction logic device having inductances and forming and AND circuit is described comprising: at least two superconductive loops, each having at least two Josephson-junction elements and a loop inductance connected between each of at least two Josephson-junction elements; at least two logic input signal lines, operatively connected to receive input currents, for supplying logic input signals; a bias line, operatively connected to at least two super conductive loops, for supplying a bias current to at least two superconductive loops, the bias current satisfying the condition vertical bar I/sub ml/ vertical bar > vertical bar I/sub mo/ vertical bar, where I/sub ml/ is a first threshold current, for switching the AND circuit, determined when at least two logic input signal lines receive different magnitude input currents and where I/sub mo/ is a second threshold current for switching the AND circuit, determined when at least two logic input signal lines receive the same magnitude input currents; and output terminals, operatively connected to one of at least two Josephson-junction elements, for outputting a logic output signal as a result of a logic operation performed on the logic input signals, whereby an operating margin of the AND circuit is expanded.

Suzuki, H.

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

The Junction Diode Basic Operation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

section of the diode. The junction is the dividing line between the n-type and p-type sides. Thermal biased diode. Figure 1(b) shows the diode with a battery connected across it. The polarity of the battery. Figure 1(c) shows the diode with the battery polarity reversed. The battery now tends to cancel out

Leach Jr.,W. Marshall

63

Photovoltaic Cell Having A P-Type Polycrystalline Layer With Large Crystals  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photovoltaic cell has an n-type polycrystalline layer and a p-type polycrystalline layer adjoining the n-type polycrystalline layer to form a photovoltaic junction. The p-type polycrystalline layer comprises a substantially planar layer portion having relatively large crystals adjoining the n-type polycrystalline layer. The planar layer portion includes oxidized impurities which contribute to obtainment of p-type electrical properties in the planar layer portion.

Albright, Scot P. (Lakewood, CO); Chamberlin, Rhodes R. (El Paso, TX)

1996-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

64

Dilute Group III-V nitride intermediate band solar cells with contact blocking layers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An intermediate band solar cell (IBSC) is provided including a p-n junction based on dilute III-V nitride materials and a pair of contact blocking layers positioned on opposite surfaces of the p-n junction for electrically isolating the intermediate band of the p-n junction by blocking the charge transport in the intermediate band without affecting the electron and hole collection efficiency of the p-n junction, thereby increasing open circuit voltage (V.sub.OC) of the IBSC and increasing the photocurrent by utilizing the intermediate band to absorb photons with energy below the band gap of the absorber layers of the IBSC. Hence, the overall power conversion efficiency of a IBSC will be much higher than an conventional single junction solar cell. The p-n junction absorber layers of the IBSC may further have compositionally graded nitrogen concentrations to provide an electric field for more efficient charge collection.

Walukiewicz, Wladyslaw (Kensington, CA); Yu, Kin Man (Lafayette, CA)

2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

65

Bazaar [+] : addressing critical adjacencies in Mumbai's urban farm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis focuses on the city of Mumbai, and evolves the notion of how "critical adjacency" has been instrumental in guiding the city's urban transformations into modernity. Presently, Mumbai experiences some of the ...

Bhat, Arjun (Arjun Devadas)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Princeton Junction, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Junction, New Jersey: Energy Resources Junction, New Jersey: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 40.3173301°, -74.6198791° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.3173301,"lon":-74.6198791,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

67

Iron Junction, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Junction, Minnesota: Energy Resources Junction, Minnesota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 47.416427°, -92.60665° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.416427,"lon":-92.60665,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

68

Monmouth Junction, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Junction, New Jersey: Energy Resources Junction, New Jersey: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 40.3789957°, -74.5465436° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.3789957,"lon":-74.5465436,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

69

Biggs Junction, Oregon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biggs Junction, Oregon: Energy Resources Biggs Junction, Oregon: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 45.669846°, -120.8328408° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.669846,"lon":-120.8328408,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

70

Grand Junction, Colorado: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Junction, Colorado: Energy Resources Junction, Colorado: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 39.0638705°, -108.5506486° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.0638705,"lon":-108.5506486,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

71

Pacific Junction, Iowa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Junction, Iowa: Energy Resources Junction, Iowa: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 41.0186105°, -95.7991734° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.0186105,"lon":-95.7991734,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

72

Essex Junction, Vermont: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Junction, Vermont: Energy Resources Junction, Vermont: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 44.4906054°, -73.1109604° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.4906054,"lon":-73.1109604,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

73

Coso Junction, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Coso Junction, California: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Coso Junction, California Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 5339829 Coordinates 36.0449439°, -117.9472993° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.0449439,"lon":-117.9472993,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

74

Organic light emitting device having multiple separate emissive layers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An organic light emitting device having multiple separate emissive layers is provided. Each emissive layer may define an exciton formation region, allowing exciton formation to occur across the entire emissive region. By aligning the energy levels of each emissive layer with the adjacent emissive layers, exciton formation in each layer may be improved. Devices incorporating multiple emissive layers with multiple exciton formation regions may exhibit improved performance, including internal quantum efficiencies of up to 100%.

Forrest, Stephen R. (Ann Arbor, MI)

2012-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

75

OBSERVATION OF ZERO POINT FLUCTUATIONS IN A RESISTIVELY SHUNTED JOSEPHSON TUNNEL JUNCTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resistively shunted Josephson junctions in which quantumresistively shunted Josephson junction. For measurementresistively shunted Josephson junction in the quantum limit.

Koch, Roger H.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Josephson junctions and dark energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a recent paper Beck and Mackey [astro-ph/0603397] argue that the argument we gave in our paper [Phys. Lett. B 606, 77 (2005)] to disprove their claim that dark energy can be discovered in the Lab through noise measurements of Josephson junctions is incorrect. In particular, they emphasize that the measured noise spectrum in Josephson junctions is a consequence of the fluctuation dissipation theorem, while our argument was based on equilibrium statistical mechanics. In this note we show that the fluctuation dissipation relation does not depend upon any shift of vacuum (zero-point) energies, and therefore, as already concluded in our previous paper, dark energy has nothing to do with the proposed measurements.

Philippe Jetzer; Norbert Straumann

2006-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

77

String junctions and holographic interfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we study half-BPS type IIB supergravity solutions with multiple AdS3×S3×M4 asymptotic regions, where M4 is either T4 or K3. These solutions were first constructed in [M. Chiodaroli, M. Gutperle, and D. Krym, J. High Energy Phys. 02 (2010) 066.] and have geometries given by the warped product of AdS2×S2×M4 over ?, where ? is a Riemann surface. We show that the holographic boundary has the structure of a star graph, i.e. n half-lines joined at a point. The attractor mechanism and the relation of the solutions to junctions of self-dual strings in six-dimensional supergravity are discussed. The solutions of [M. Chiodaroli, M. Gutperle, and D. Krym, J. High Energy Phys. 02 (2010) 066.] are constructed introducing two meromorphic and two harmonic functions defined on ?. We focus our analysis on solutions corresponding to junctions of three different conformal field theories and show that the conditions for having a solution charged only under Ramond-Ramond three-form fields reduce to relations involving the positions of the poles and the residues of the relevant harmonic and meromorphic functions. The degeneration limit in which some of the poles collide is analyzed in detail. Finally, we calculate the holographic boundary entropy for a junction of three CFTs and obtain a simple expression in terms of poles and residues.

Marco Chiodaroli, Michael Gutperle, Ling-Yan Hung, and Darya Krym

2011-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

78

The Chern-Simons term in a dual Josephson junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A dual Josephson junction corresponding to a (2+1)-dimensional non-superconducting layer sandwiched between two (3+1)-dimensional dual superconducting regions constitutes a model of localization of a U(1) gauge field within the layer. Monopole tunneling currents flow from one dual superconducting region to another due to a phase difference between the wave functions of the monopole condensate below and above the non-superconducting layer when there is an electromagnetic field within the layer. These magnetic currents appear within the (2+1)-dimensional layer as a gas of magnetic instanton events and a weak electric charge confinement is expected to take place at very long distances within the layer. In the present work, we consider what happens when one introduces fermions in this physical scenario. Due to the dual Meissner effect featured in the dual superconducting bulk, it is argued that unconfined fermions would be localized within the (2+1)-dimensional layer, where their quantum fluctuations radiatively induce a Chern-Simons term, which is known to destroy the electric charge confinement and to promote the confinement of the magnetic instantons.

L. S. Grigorio; M. S. Guimaraes; R. Rougemont; C. Wotzasek; C. A. D. Zarro

2013-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

79

Atomic scale 0-pi transition in a high-Tc superconductor/ferromagnetic-insulator/high-T superconductor Josephson junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the Josephson transport in a high-Tc superconductor/ferromagnetic-insulator(FI)/high-Tc superconductor numerically. We found the formation of a pi-junction in such systems. More remarkably the ground state of such junction alternates between 0- and pi-states when thickness of FI is increasing by a single atomic layer. We propose an experimental setup for observing the atomic-scale 0-pi transition. Such FI-based pi-junctions can be used to implement highly-coherent quantum bits.

Kawabata, Shiro; Asano, Yasuhiro

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Chemical beam epitaxy growth of AlGaAs/GaAs tunnel junctions using trimethyl aluminium for multijunction solar cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

AlGaAs/GaAs tunnel junctions for use in high concentration multijunction solar cells were designed and grown by chemical beam epitaxy (CBE) using trimethyl aluminium (TMA) as the p-dopant source for the AlGaAs active layer. Controlled hole concentration up to 4?10{sup 20} cm{sup ?3} was achieved through variation in growth parameters. Fabricated tunnel junctions have a peak tunneling current up to 6140 A/cm{sup 2}. These are suitable for high concentration use and outperform GaAs/GaAs tunnel junctions.

Paquette, B.; DeVita, M.; Turala, A.; Kolhatkar, G.; Boucherif, A.; Jaouad, A.; Aimez, V.; Arès, R. [Institut Interdisciplinaire d'Innovation Technologique (3IT), Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec (Canada)] [Institut Interdisciplinaire d'Innovation Technologique (3IT), Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec (Canada); Wilkins, M.; Wheeldon, J. F.; Walker, A. W.; Hinzer, K. [Centre for Research in Photonics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON (Canada)] [Centre for Research in Photonics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON (Canada); Fafard, S. [Cyrium Technologies Inc., Ottawa, ON (Canada)] [Cyrium Technologies Inc., Ottawa, ON (Canada)

2013-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "junction adjacent layers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Direct injection tunnel spectroscopy of a p-n junction Edward M. Likovich,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Direct injection tunnel spectroscopy of a p-n junction Edward M. Likovich,1 Kasey J. Russell,1,a tunnel injection of electrons. In contrast to the metal-base transistor design of conventional ballistic the semiconductor before they scatter and thermal- ize to the chemical potential of the base layer. For systems

Russell, Kasey

82

Holographic p-wave Josephson junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we generalized holographic model for s-wave DC Josephson junction constructed in arXiv:1101.3326[hep-th] to a holographic description for p-wave Josephson junction. By solving numerically the coupled equations of motion of Yang-Mills theory for a non-Abelian SU(2) gauge fields in (3+1)-dimensional AdS spacetimes, we shown that DC current of the p-wave Josephson junction is proportional to the sine of the phase difference across the junction like the s-wave case.

Wang, Yong-Qiang; Zhao, Zhen-Hua

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Holographic p-wave Josephson junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we generalized holographic model for s-wave DC Josephson junction constructed in arXiv:1101.3326[hep-th] to a holographic description for p-wave Josephson junction. By solving numerically the coupled equations of motion of Yang-Mills theory for a non-Abelian SU(2) gauge fields in (3+1)-dimensional AdS spacetimes, we shown that DC current of the p-wave Josephson junction is proportional to the sine of the phase difference across the junction like the s-wave case.

Yong-Qiang Wang; Yu-Xiao Liu; Zhen-Hua Zhao

2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

84

Microwave photonics with Josephson junction arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce an architecture for a photonic crystal in the microwave regime based on superconducting transmission lines interrupted by Josephson junctions. A study of the scattering properties of a single junction in the line shows that the junction behaves as a perfect mirror when the photon frequency matches the Josephson plasma frequency. We generalize our calculations to periodic arrangements of junctions, demonstrating that they can be used for tunable band engineering, forming what we call a quantum circuit crystal. As a relevant application, we discuss the creation of stationary entanglement between two superconducting qubits interacting through a disordered media.

Zueco, David; Solano, Enrique; García-Ripoll, Juan José

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Elongated nanostructures for radial junction solar cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In solar cell technology, the current trend is to thin down the active absorber layer. The main advantage of a thinner absorber is primarily the reduced consumption of material and energy during production. For thin film silicon (Si) technology, thinning down the absorber layer is of particular interest since both the device throughput of vacuum deposition systems and the stability of the devices are significantly enhanced. These features lead to lower cost per installed watt peak for solar cells, provided that the (stabilized) efficiency is the same as for thicker devices. However, merely thinning down inevitably leads to a reduced light absorption. Therefore, advanced light trapping schemes are crucial to increase the light path length. The use of elongated nanostructures is a promising method for advanced light trapping. The enhanced optical performance originates from orthogonalization of the light's travel path with respect to the direction of carrier collection due to the radial junction, an improved anti-reflection effect thanks to the three-dimensional geometric configuration and the multiple scattering between individual nanostructures. These advantages potentially allow for high efficiency at a significantly reduced quantity and even at a reduced material quality, of the semiconductor material. In this article, several types of elongated nanostructures with the high potential to improve the device performance are reviewed. First, we briefly introduce the conventional solar cells with emphasis on thin film technology, following the most commonly used fabrication techniques for creating nanostructures with a high aspect ratio. Subsequently, several representative applications of elongated nanostructures, such as Si nanowires in realistic photovoltaic (PV) devices, are reviewed. Finally, the scientific challenges and an outlook for nanostructured PV devices are presented.

Yinghuan Kuang; Marcel Di Vece; Jatindra K Rath; Lourens van Dijk; Ruud E I Schropp

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

The Chern-Simons term in a dual Josephson junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A dual Josephson junction corresponding to a (2+1)-dimensional non-superconducting layer sandwiched between two (3+1)-dimensional dual superconducting regions constitutes a model of localization of a U(1) gauge field within the layer. Monopole tunneling currents flow from one dual superconducting region to another due to a phase difference between the wave functions of the monopole condensate below and above the non-superconducting layer. These magnetic currents appear within the (2+1)-dimensional layer as a gas of magnetic instanton events and a weak electric charge confinement is expected to take place at very long distances within the layer. In the present work, we consider what happens when one introduces fermions in this physical scenario. Due to the dual Meissner effect featured in the dual superconducting bulk, it is argued that unconfined fermions would be localized within the (2+1)-dimensional layer, where their quantum fluctuations radiatively induce a Chern-Simons term, which is known to destroy th...

Grigorio, L S; Rougemont, R; Wotzasek, C; Zarro, C A D

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Performance analysis of AlGaAs/GaAs tunnel junctions for ultra-high concentration photovoltaics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An n++-GaAs/p++-AlGaAs tunnel junction with a peak current density of 10?100 A cm?2 is developed. This device is a tunnel junction for multijunction solar cells, grown lattice-matched on standard GaAs or Ge substrates, with the highest peak current density ever reported. The voltage drop for a current density equivalent to the operation of the multijunction solar cell up to 10?000 suns is below 5 mV. Trap-assisted tunnelling is proposed to be behind this performance, which cannot be justified by simple band-to-band tunnelling. The metal-organic vapour-phase epitaxy growth conditions, which are in the limits of the transport-limited regime, and the heavy tellurium doping levels are the proposed origins of the defects enabling trap-assisted tunnelling. The hypothesis of trap-assisted tunnelling is supported by the observed annealing behaviour of the tunnel junctions, which cannot be explained in terms of dopant diffusion or passivation. For the integration of these tunnel junctions into a triple-junction solar cell, AlGaAs barrier layers are introduced to suppress the formation of parasitic junctions, but this is found to significantly degrade the performance of the tunnel junctions. However, the annealed tunnel junctions with barrier layers still exhibit a peak current density higher than 2500 A cm?2 and a voltage drop at 10?000 suns of around 20 mV, which are excellent properties for tunnel junctions and mean they can serve as low-loss interconnections in multijunction solar cells working at ultra-high concentrations.

I García; I Rey-Stolle; C Algora

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Dark energy and Josephson junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It has been recently claimed that dark energy can be (and has been) observed in laboratory experiments by measuring the power spectrum S{sub I}(?) of the noise current in a resistively shunted Josephson junction and that in new dedicated experiments, which will soon test a higher frequency range, S{sub I}(?) should show a deviation from the linear rising observed in the lower frequency region because higher frequencies should not contribute to dark energy. Based on previous work on theoretical aspects of the fluctuation-dissipation theorem, we carefully investigate these issues and show that these claims are based on a misunderstanding of the physical origin of the spectral function S{sub I}(?). According to our analysis, dark energy has never been (and will never be) observed in Josephson junctions experiments. We also predict that no deviation from the linear rising behavior of S{sub I}(?) will be observed in forthcoming experiments. Our findings provide new (we believe definite) arguments which strongly support previous criticisms.

Branchina, Vincenzo [Department of Physics, University of Catania, Via Santa Sofia 64, I-95123, Catania (Italy); Liberto, Marco Di; Lodato, Ivano, E-mail: vincenzo.branchina@ct.infn.it, E-mail: madiliberto@ssc.unict.it, E-mail: ivlodato@ssc.unict.it [Scuola Superiore di Catania, Via S. Nullo 5/i, Catania (Italy)

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Quantum Junction Solar Cells Jiang Tang,,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum Junction Solar Cells Jiang Tang,, Huan Liu,, David Zhitomirsky,§ Sjoerd Hoogland,§ Xihua, University of Toronto, 10 King's College Road, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 3G4, Canada *S Supporting Information-type and p-type materials to create the first quantum junction solar cells. We present a family

90

Monolithic interconnected module with a tunnel junction for enhanced electrical and optical performance  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved thermophotovoltaic (TPV) n/p/n device is provided. Monolithic Interconnected Modules (MIMS), semiconductor devices converting infrared radiation to electricity, have been developed with improved electrical and optical performance. The structure is an n-type emitter on a p-type base with an n-type lateral conduction layer. The incorporation of a tunnel junction and the reduction in the amount of p-type material used results in negligible parasitic absorption, decreased series resistance, increased voltage and increased active area. The novel use of a tunnel junction results in the potential for a TPV device with efficiency greater than 24%.

Murray, Christopher S. (Bethel Park, PA); Wilt, David M. (Bay Village, OH)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Inelastic tunneling conductance and magnetoresistance investigations in dual ion-beam sputtered CoFeB(110)/MgO/CoFeB (110) magnetic tunnel junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) comprising Ta(5)/NiFe(5)/IrMn(15)/CoFeB(5)/Mg(1)/MgO(3.5)/ CoFeB(5)/Ta(5)/Ag(20) (thickness in nm) with (110) oriented CoFeB layers are grown using dual ion beam sputtering. The tunnel magnetoresistance (TMR) of MTJs is found to be significantly bias dependent and exhibits zero bias anomaly (ZBA) which is attributed to the presence of magnetic impurities or diffusion of Mn from antiferromagnetic IrMn in the barrier. Adjacent to the ZBA, two peaks at 24?±?3?mV and 34?±?3?mV are also observed, which differ both in intensity as well as their position in the antiparallel and parallel magnetic states, suggesting that they are due to magnon excitations. In addition to this, a phonon peak at 65?±?3?mV is also observed. The effect of temperature on the inelastic and elastic tunneling contributions is studied in detail in 25–300?K range using the Glazman and Matveev model. Ten series of localized states are found to be involved in hopping conduction in the forbidden gap of MgO barrier. The effect of presence of such inelastic channels is found to be insignificant at low temperatures yielding sizeable enhancement in TMR.

Bhusan Singh, Braj; Chaudhary, Sujeet, E-mail: sujeetc@physics.iitd.ac.in [Thin Film Laboratory, Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi 110 016 (India)

2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

92

The electronic structure of an S-pair in barrier-less metal/silicon junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With S atoms doping into a bulk Si, it is revealed through first principles calculations that the highly S concentrated bulk Si is metallic. S atoms can be highly doped in the bulk Si because an S-pair located face to face in adjacent Si lattice sites gains a large energy and forms sp{sup 2} + p{sub z} electronic configurations and extra donor electrons. Schottky junction will be thus barrier-less by the Si metallization, well agreeing with experimental analyses.

Kato, K.; Nishi, Y.; Marukame, T.; Mitani, Y. [Advanced LSI Technology Laboratory, Toshiba Corporate R and D Center (Japan)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

93

Design of Flexible-Duct Junction Boxes  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Design of Flexible-duct Design of Flexible-duct Junction Boxes Robert Beach, IBACOS Duncan Prahl, IBACOS Design of Flexible-duct Junction Boxes Presentation Outline * Current Standards and Practice * Analysis Methods * Recommendations Design of Flexible-duct Junction Boxes * Detailed report is in peer review anticipated to be published T3 this year. - http://www1.eere.energy.gov/library/default.aspx?page=2&spi d=2. * Measure guide to be part of Building America Solutions Center - http://basc.pnnl.gov/ Design of Flexible-duct Junction Boxes Typical Installations As Plenum As Monster Design of Flexible-duct Junction Boxes Current Standards * ASHRAE 2012 HVAC Systems and Equipment, Box Plenum Systems Using Flexible Duct - Constrains Box Width to 2-3x Entrance Width - Constrains Box Length to 2 x Box Width

94

Alternative Strategies for Maximizing the Output of Multi-Junction Photovoltaic Panels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multi-junction photovoltaics provide a logical method of increasing the utilization of solar power for a given area. However, their current design and fabrication methods invoke numerous material and cost complexities that limit their potential, particularly for flat panel paradigms. In this paper, three general strategies based on the electrical isolation of the internal sub-layers are described. These strategies involve current or voltage matching the sub-layers by varying of fractional absorption and areal coverage of individual cells within each sub-layer, as well as modifying their combined output using power electronics. A simplified theoretical description of these strategies is provided for pairs of junction materials that allows a more streamlined description of the requirements.

Abrams, Ze'ev R

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Layering Technologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Planar technology requires that thin layers of materials be formed and patterned sequentially, commencing with a flat rigid substrate. The key aspects of each layer are its Thi...

Ivor Brodie; Julius J. Muray

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

High temperature superconducting step-edge SNS Josephson junctions on silicon substrates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors have fabricated and tested YBCO step-edge SNS Josephson junctions on silicon substrates. The silicon step edges were patterned photolithographically and reactively ion etched using an SF{sub 6} plasma. The structures were fabricated through sequential angled pulsed laser deposition of yttria stabilized zirconia, YBCO, and gold layers, followed by photolithographic patterning and ion milling. The completed devices showed resistively shunted junction (RSJ)-like current voltage characteristics and microwave induced Shapiro Steps. Critical currents as large as 84 {micro}A and resistances of order 0.5 {Omega} were obtained. Measurable critical currents were observed up to 76 K. The authors report on the fabrication and properties of these junctions.

Rosenthal, P.A.; Cosgrove, J.E.; Fenner, D.B.; Rudman, D.A. [Advanced Fuel Research, Inc., East Hartford, CT (United States); Vale, L.R.; Ono, R.H. [NIST, Boulder, CO (United States)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Method for closing a drift between adjacent in-situ oil shale retorts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A row of horizontally spaced-apart in situ oil shale retorts is formed in a subterranean formation containing oil shale. Each row of retorts is formed by excavating development drifts at different elevations through opposite side boundaries of a plurality of retorts in the row of retorts. Each retort is formed by explosively expanding formation toward one or more voids within the boundaries of the retort site to form a fragmented permeable mass of formation particles containing oil shale in each retort. Following formation of each retort, the retort development drifts on the advancing side of the retort are closed off by covering formation particles within the development drift with a layer of crushed oil shale particles having a particle size smaller than the average particle size of oil shale particles in the adjacent retort. In one embodiment, the crushed oil shale particles are pneumatically loaded into the development drift to pack the particles tightly all the way to the top of the drift and throughout the entire cross section of the drift. The closure between adjacent retorts provided by the finely divided oil shale provides sufficient resistance to gas flow through the development drift to effectively inhibit gas flow through the drift during subsequent retorting operations.

Hines, A.E.

1984-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

98

Method for closing a drift between adjacent in situ oil shale retorts  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A row of horizontally spaced-apart in situ oil shale retorts is formed in a subterranean formation containing oil shale. Each row of retorts is formed by excavating development drifts at different elevations through opposite side boundaries of a plurality of retorts in the row of retorts. Each retort is formed by explosively expanding formation toward one or more voids within the boundaries of the retort site to form a fragmented permeable mass of formation particles containing oil shale in each retort. Following formation of each retort, the retort development drifts on the advancing side of the retort are closed off by covering formation particles within the development drift with a layer of crushed oil shale particles having a particle size smaller than the average particle size of oil shale particles in the adjacent retort. In one embodiment, the crushed oil shale particles are pneumatically loaded into the development drift to pack the particles tightly all the way to the top of the drift and throughout the entire cross section of the drift. The closure between adjacent retorts provided by the finely divided oil shale provides sufficient resistance to gas flow through the development drift to effectively inhibit gas flow through the drift during subsequent retorting operations.

Hines, Alex E. (Grand Junction, CO)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Self-consistent modeling of charge redistributions in Josephson junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Self-consistent modeling of charge redistributions in Josephson junctions J. K. Freericks, Josephson Junction talk, 2000 #12;Josephson Proximity-Effect Junctions · A Superconductor-Normal metal, Georgetown University, Josephson Junction talk, 2000 S N S I I V V Ic #12;Andreev Bound States · At an N

Freericks, Jim

100

Superconductor-Correlated metal-Superconductor Josephson junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Superconductor-Correlated metal- Superconductor Josephson junctions for high-speed digital. Freericks, Georgetown University, Josephson Junction talk, 2002 #12;Josephson Tunnel Junctions). J. K. Freericks, Georgetown University, Josephson Junction talk, 2002 S I S I I V V Ic #12

Freericks, Jim

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "junction adjacent layers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Self-consistent modeling of SINIS and SNSNS Josephson junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Self-consistent modeling of SINIS and SNSNS Josephson junctions J. K. Freericks Collaborators: Paul of Naval Research. J. K. Freericks, Georgetown University, Josephson Junction talk, 2000 #12;Josephson University, Josephson Junction talk, 2000 S I S I I V V Ic #12;Josephson Proximity-Effect Junctions

Freericks, Jim

102

Tuning a short coherence length Josephson junction through a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tuning a short coherence length Josephson junction through a metal-insulator transition J. K University, Josephson Junction talk, 2001 #12;Josephson Tunnel Junctions · A Superconductor maintaining nonhysteretic behavior. J. K. Freericks, Georgetown University, Josephson Junction talk, 2001 S N

Freericks, Jim

103

Tunnel junction multiple wavelength light-emitting diodes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multiple wavelength LED having a monolithic cascade cell structure comprising at least two p-n junctions, wherein each of said at least two p-n junctions have substantially different band gaps, and electrical connector means by which said at least two p-n junctions may be collectively energized; and wherein said diode comprises a tunnel junction or interconnect. 5 figs.

Olson, J.M.; Kurtz, S.R.

1992-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

104

THE USE OF SUPERCONDUCTING JUNCTIONS IN MAGNETOMETRY By J. CLARKE,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-8 gauss. In the second part, we discuss the properties of a type of Josephson junction in which] junctions in parallel. A Josephson junction consists of two superconductors separated by an insulating =|03C8|ei~, where 1 03C8|2 represents the density of condensed pairs. In a Josephson junction

Boyer, Edmond

105

Do ridge^ridge^fault triple junctions exist on Earth? Evidence from the Aden^Owen^Carlsberg junction in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transform and the East Paci¢c Rise and the Aden^ Owen^Carlsberg (AOC) triple junction between the Owen fracture zone (OFZ to the ridges. Here, we report the results of a marine geophysical survey of the AOC triple junction, which took.The AOC triple junction appears to be in a transient stage between a former triple junction of the ridge

Nicolas, Chamot-Rooke

106

Optoelectronic switching of addressable molecular crossbar junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This letter reports on the observation of optoelectronic switching in addressable molecular crossbar junctions fabricated using polymer stamp-printing method. The active medium in the junction is a molecular self-assembled monolayer softly sandwiched between gold electrodes. The molecular junctions are investigated through currentvoltage measurements at varied temperature (from 95 to 300 K) in high vacuum condition. The junctions show reversible optoelectronic switching with the highest on/off ratio of 3 orders of magnitude at 95 K. The switching behavior is independent of both optical wavelength and molecular structure, while it strongly depends on the temperature. Initial analysis indicates that the distinct binding nature of the molecule/electrode interfaces play a dominant role in the switching performance.

J. C. Li

2006-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

107

Thin–film trilayer manganate junctions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...relation in the high temperature region between 130 K and room temperature. Figure reproduced from Sun et al. (1997...lowering of sample temperature. These junctions...caused by voltage distribution inside the base electrode...

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Quantum Coherence in a Superfluid Josephson Junction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report a new kind of experiment in which we take an array of nanoscale apertures that form a superfluid {sup 4}He Josephson junction and apply quantum phase gradients directly along the array. We observe collective coherent behaviors from aperture elements, leading to quantum interference. Connections to superconducting and Bose-Einstein condensate Josephson junctions as well as phase coherence among the superfluid aperture array are discussed.

Narayana, Supradeep; Sato, Yuki [Rowland Institute at Harvard, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142 (United States)

2011-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

109

Measurement Methods to Determine Air Leakage Between Adjacent Zones  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Measurement Methods to Determine Air Leakage Between Adjacent Zones Measurement Methods to Determine Air Leakage Between Adjacent Zones Title Measurement Methods to Determine Air Leakage Between Adjacent Zones Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-5887E Year of Publication 2012 Authors Hult, Erin L., Darryl J. Dickerhoff, and Phillip N. Price Date Published 09/2012 Keywords infiltration, leakage, residential ventilation Abstract Air leakage between adjacent zones of a building can lead to indoor air quality and energy efficiency concerns, however there is no existing standard for measuring inter-zonal leakage.In this study, synthesized data and field measurements are analyzed in order to explore the uncertainty associated with different methods for collecting and analyzing fan pressurization measurements to calculate inter- zone leakage. The best of the measurement and analysis methods was a method that uses two blower doors simultaneously based on the methods of Herrlin and Modera (1988) to determine the inter-zone leakage to within 16% of the inter-zone leakage flow at 4Pa, over the range of expected conditions for a house and attached garage. Methods were also identified that use a single blower door to determine the inter-zone leakage to within 30% of its value. The test configuration selected can have a large impact on the uncertainty of the results and there are testing configurations and methods that should definitely be avoided. The most rigorous calculation method identified assumes a fixed value for the pressure exponent for the interface between the two zones (rather than determining the interface pressure exponent from the measured data) and then uses an optimization routine to fit a single set of air leakage coefficients and pressure exponents for each of three wall interfaces using both pressurization and depressurization data. Multiple pressure station tests have much less uncertainty than single pressure station approaches. Analyses of field data sets confirm a similar level of variation between test methods as was expected from the analysis of synthesized data sets and confirm the selection of specific test methods to reduce experimental uncertainty.

110

Thermodynamic Signatures of Half-Quantum Vortices in p+ip Josephson Junction Arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

bind a Majorana Fermion . . 3 Josephson Junction Arrays 3.14 p + ip Josephson Junction Arrays 4.1Bind a Majorana Fermion . . . . . . . . . Josephson Junction

Krahn, Graham Joel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Temporal stability of Y Ba Cu O nano Josephson junctions from ion irradiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

planar high temperature Josephson junctions fabricated usingYBa 2 Cu 3 O 7-? Josephson junctions via nanolithography andsuperconductor Josephson junctions,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol.

Cybart, Shane A.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Investigation of TiO{sub x} barriers for their use in hybrid Josephson and tunneling junctions based on pnictide thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We tested oxidized titanium layers as barriers for hybrid Josephson junctions with high I{sub c}R{sub n}-products and for the preparation of junctions for tunneling spectroscopy. For that we firstly prepared junctions with conventional superconductor electrodes, such as lead and niobium, respectively. By tuning the barrier thickness, we were able to change the junction's behavior from a Josephson junction to tunnel-like behavior applicable for quasi-particle spectroscopy. Subsequently, we transferred the technology to junctions using Co-doped BaFe{sub 2}As{sub 2} thin films prepared by pulsed laser deposition as base electrode and evaporated Pb as counter electrode. For barriers with a thickness of 1.5?nm, we observe clear Josephson effects with I{sub c}R{sub n}?90??V at 4.2?K. These junctions behave SNS'-like (SNS: superconductor-normal conductor-superconductor) and are dominated by Andreev reflection transport mechanism. For junctions with barrier thickness of 2.0?nm and higher, no Josephson but SIS'- (SIS: superconductor-insulator-superconductor) or SINS'-like (SINS: superconductor-normal conductor-insulator-superconductor) behavior with a tunnel-like conductance spectrum was observed.

Döring, S., E-mail: sebastian.doering.1@uni-jena.de; Monecke, M.; Schmidt, S.; Schmidl, F.; Tympel, V.; Seidel, P., E-mail: paul.seidel@uni-jena.de [Institute of Solid State Physics, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Helmholtzweg 5, 07743 Jena (Germany); Engelmann, J.; Kurth, F.; Iida, K.; Holzapfel, B. [Institute for Metallic Materials, IFW Dresden, Helmholtzstrasse 20, 01171 Dresden (Germany); Haindl, S. [Institute for Solid State Research, IFW Dresden, Helmholtzstrasse 20, 01171 Dresden (Germany); Mönch, I. [Institute for Integrative Nanosciences, IFW Dresden, Helmholtzstrasse 20, 01171 Dresden (Germany)

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

113

Adjacent-Channel Interference in Frequency-Hopping Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adjacent-Channel Interference in Frequency-Hopping Ad Hoc Networks M. C. Valenti 1 D. Torrieri 2 S, 2013 Salvatore Talarico (shortinst)Adjacent-Channel Interference in Frequency-Hopping Ad Hoc Networks June 11, 2013 1 / 23 #12;Outline 1 Frequency-Hopping Ad Hoc Networks 2 Outage Probability with Adjacent

Valenti, Matthew C.

114

DISTRIBUTION OF SIPHONOPHORES IN THE REGIONS ADJACENT TO THE SUEZ AND PANAMA CANALS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DISTRIBUTION OF SIPHONOPHORES IN THE REGIONS ADJACENT TO THE SUEZ AND PANAMA CANALS ANGELES ALVARIN in the Caribbean and the Pacific regions adjacent to the Panama Canal. Published information on the distribution were observed in the Caribbean and Pacific regions adjacent to the Panama Canal. Most of the species

115

Abrikosov vortices in long Josephson junctions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have developed a theory of the critical current Ic of a long Josephson junction in the presence of a finite density of Abrikosov vortices trapped in the electrodes in the immediate vicinity of the plane of the junction. We show that under these conditions the Josephson phase difference can be finite even well inside the junction in such a way as to result in a nonmonotonous dependence of Ic on the concentration of the perturbing vortices, a behavior at variance with that of a short junction. As the average distance between the vortices decreases, Ic reaches a maximum. The location, magnitude, and sharpness of this feature are strongly dependent on the ratio ??J/r0, where r0 and ? are respectively the range and the strength of the effective interaction between the Abrikosov vortices and the Josephson fluxons while ?J is the Josephson penetration length. The results obtained are used to discuss the behavior of the critical current recently observed in Josephson junctions based on Nb films.

Mikhail V. Fistul and Gabriele F. Giuliani

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Numerical Investigation of Josephson Junction Structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Multilayered long Josephson Junction Structures form an interesting physical system where both nonlinearity and interaction between subsystems play an important role. Such systems allow to study physical effects that do not occur in single Josephson junction.The Sakai-Bodin-Pedersen model--a system of perturbed sine-Gordon equations--is used to study the dynamic states of stacks of inductively coupled long Josephson Junctions (LJJs). The corresponding static problem is numerically investigated as well. In order to study the stability of possible static solutions a Sturm-Liouville problem is generated and solved.The transitions from static to dynamic state and the scenario of these transitions are analyzed depending on the model parameters. Different physical characteristics--current-voltage characteristics, individual instant voltages and internal magnetic fields, are calculated and interpreted.

Hristov, I.; Dimova, S.; Boyadjiev, T. [Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics, Sofia University 5 James Bourchier Blvd., 1164 Sofia (Bulgaria)

2009-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

117

Decoherence in a Josephson junction qubit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The zero-voltage state of a Josephson junction biased with constant current consists of a set of metastable quantum energy levels. We probe the spacings of these levels by using microwave spectroscopy to enhance the escape rate to the voltage state. The widths of the resonances give a measurement of the coherence time of the two states involved in the transitions. We observe a decoherence time shorter than that expected from dissipation alone in resonantly isolated 20 um x 5 um Al/AlOx/Al junctions at 60 mK. The data is well fit by a model including dephasing effects of both low-frequency current noise and the escape rate to the continuum voltage states. We discuss implications for quantum computation using current-biased Josephson junction qubits, including the minimum number of levels needed in the well to obtain an acceptable error limit per gate.

A. J. Berkley; H. Xu; M. A. Gubrud; R. C. Ramos; J. R. Anderson; C. J. Lobb; F. C. Wellstood

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Boundary Layer  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sea Spray on the Thermodynamics of the Hurricane Boundary Layer For original submission and image(s), see ARM Research Highlights http:www.arm.govsciencehighlights Research...

119

Dynamical properties of high-temperature-superconductor granular bridge junctions: Inhomogeneous Josephson-junction-array model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As an attempt to understand the dynamical behavior of the high-temperature-superconductor (HTSC) granular bridge junction, we model the granular HTSC bridge junction consisting of many small grains inside by an inhomogeneous Josephson junction array, i.e., randomly arranged Josephson junction arrays (JJA). To describe randomly distributed critical currents between the grains inside the HTSC granular bridge junction, we chose various possible configurations in {l_brace}{ital I}{sub {ital ij}}{sup {ital c}}{r_brace} and {l_brace}{ital R}{sub {ital ij}}{r_brace} for the one-dimensional (1D) and 2D inhomogeneous Josephson junctions, and calculated the current-voltage ({ital IV}) characteristics and self-radiation spectral densities of the 1D and 2D inhomogeneous Josephson junctions. As a result, depending upon the distribution of critical currents and shunted resistances, it is found that there are large variations of {ital IV} characteristics. In contrast to the appearance of giant Shapiro steps in the regular ordered array, such Shapiro steps disappear in the case of the disordered JJA due to the increased randomness in the distribution of critical currents. On the contrary, however, when there exists a correlation between critical currents and resistances, i.e., a constant Josephson voltage, {ital I}{sub {ital ij}}{sup {ital c}}{ital R}{sub {ital ij}}={ital V}{sub {ital J}} (constant), the fundamental Shapiro step emerges despite the disordered distribution of {ital I}{sub {ital ij}}{sup {ital c}}. The relevance of this model to the HTSC granular bridge junctions is discussed. In particular, experimentally observed dynamical behaviors of the HTSC granular bridge junctions are shown to be closely related to the case of the correlated distribution with constant Josephson voltage. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

Lee, J.; Lee, S.; Yu, J.; Park, G. [Department of Physics, Sogang University, Seoul 121-742 (Korea)] [Department of Physics, Sogang University, Seoul 121-742 (Korea)

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Axion physics in a Josephson junction environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that recent experiments based on Josephson junctions, SQUIDS, and coupled Josephson qubits have a cosmological interpretation in terms of axionic dark matter physics, in the sense that they allow for analogue simulation of early-universe axion physics. We propose new experimental setups in which SQUID-like axionic interactions in a resonant Josephson junction environment can be tested, similar in nature to recent experiments that test for quantum entanglement of two coupled Josephson qubits. We point out that the parameter values relevant for early-universe axion cosmology are accessible with present day's achievements in nanotechnology.

Christian Beck

2011-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "junction adjacent layers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Resonant electromagnetic emission from intrinsic Josephson-junction stacks with laterally modulated Josephson critical current.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Intrinsic Josephson-junction stacks realized in mesas fabricated out of high-temperature superconductors may be used as sources of coherent electromagnetic radiation in the terahertz range. The major challenge is to synchronize Josephson oscillations in all junctions in the stack to get significant radiation out of the crystal edge parallel to the c axis. We suggest a simple way to solve this problem via artificially prepared lateral modulation of the Josephson critical current identical in all junctions. In such a stack, phase oscillations excite the in-phase Fiske mode when the Josephson frequency matches the Fiske-resonance frequency which is set by the stack lateral size. The powerful, almost standing electromagnetic wave is excited inside the crystal in the resonance. This wave is homogeneous across the layers, meaning that the oscillations are synchronized in all junctions in the stack. We evaluate behavior of the I-V characteristics and radiated power near the resonance for arbitrary modulation and find exact solutions for several special cases corresponding to symmetric and asymmetric modulations of the critical current.

Koshelev, A. E.; Bulaevskii, L. N.; Materials Science Division; LANL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Vertical distribution of euphausiid life stages in waters adjacent to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Basin had a stratified profile of tem- perature and oxygen. Lower abun- dances of the larger euphausiids in the upper layers of Salsipuedes Chan- nel. whereas in Guaymas Basin and Point Eugenia. the youngest larvae. In La Jolla Bight near San Diego, differences in patterns of vertical migration of Euphausia pacifica

123

Holographic Josephson Junction in 3+1 dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In arXiv:1101.3326[hep-th], a (2+1)-dimensional holographic Josephson junction was constructed, and it was shown that the DC Josephson current is proportional to the sine of the phase difference across the junction. In this paper, we extend this study to a holographic description for the (3+1)-dimensional holographic DC Josephson junction. By solving numerically the coupled differential equations, we also obtain the familiar characteristics of Josephson junctions.

Yong-Qiang Wang; Yu-Xiao Liu; Zhen-Hua Zhao

2011-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

124

Holographic Josephson Junction in 3+1 dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In arXiv:1101.3326[hep-th], a (2+1)-dimensional holographic Josephson junction was constructed, and it was shown that the DC Josephson current is proportional to the sine of the phase difference across the junction. In this paper, we extend this study to a holographic description for the (3+1)-dimensional holographic DC Josephson junction. By solving numerically the coupled differential equations, we also obtain the familiar characteristics of Josephson junctions.

Wang, Yong-Qiang; Zhao, Zhen-Hua

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Phase Transition in Compact QED(3) and the Josephson Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the finite temperature phase transition in 2+1 dimensional compact QED and its dual theory: Josephson junction. Duality of these theories at zero temperature was established long time ago by Hosotani. Phase transition in compact QED is well studied and we employ the `duality' to study the superconductivity phase transition in a Josephson junction. For a thick junction we obtain a critical temperature in terms of the geometrical properties of the junction.

Vakif K. Onemli; Murat Tas; Bayram Tekin

2001-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

126

Solar Junction Develops World Record Setting Concentrated Photovoltaic Solar Cell  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

EERE supported the development of Solar Junction's concentrated photovoltaic technology that set a world record for conversion efficiency.

127

Superconductor-Correlated metal-Superconductor Josephson junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Superconductor-Correlated metal- Superconductor Josephson junctions for high-speed digital. Freericks, Georgetown University, Josephson Junction talk, 2002 #12;Digital Electronics and RSFQ logic, Georgetown University, Josephson Junction talk, 2002 X X Binary 0, no flux Binary 1, one flux quantum #12

Freericks, Jim

128

Localized mode interactions in 0-Josephson junctions Hadi Susanto1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Localized mode interactions in 0- Josephson junctions Hadi Susanto1 and Gianne Derks2 1 School of Mathematics, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, GU2 7XH, UK A long Josephson junction containing regions in the system, it is shown that Josephson junctions with phase-shift can be an ideal setting for studying

Wirosoetisno, Djoko

129

Superconductor-Correlated metal-Superconductor Josephson junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Superconductor-Correlated metal- Superconductor Josephson junctions for high-speed digital. Freericks, Georgetown University, Josephson Junction talk, 2003 #12;Digital Electronics and RSFQ logic, Georgetown University, Josephson Junction talk, 2003 X X Binary 0, no flux Binary 1, one flux quantum #12

Freericks, Jim

130

Multi-Scroll and Hypercube Attractors from Josephson Junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multi-Scroll and Hypercube Attractors from Josephson Junctions M¨us¸tak E. Yalc¸in Istanbul Leuven, Belgium Email: Johan.Suykens@esat.kuleuven.ac.be Abstract-- In this paper Josephson junctions of the Josephson junction in a general Jerk circuit in such a way that there is no need for synthesizing

131

SOME CHARACTERISTICS OF JOSEPHSON JUNCTIONS AS RADIATION DETECTORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

125 SOME CHARACTERISTICS OF JOSEPHSON JUNCTIONS AS RADIATION DETECTORS Yu. Ya. DIVIN, F. Ya. NAD les microponts. Abstract. 2014 The V-I characteristic of Josephson junction with an external parallel admittance, the high frequency impedance and high frequency response of a Josephson junction to small

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

132

PARAMETRIC EXCITATION OF PLASMA OSCILLATIONS IN JOSEPHSON JUNCTIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

223 PARAMETRIC EXCITATION OF PLASMA OSCILLATIONS IN JOSEPHSON JUNCTIONS N. F. PEDERSEN, M. R'équation différentielle de Mathieu. Abstract. 2014 Experiments on a Josephson junction analog showed a parametric in Josephson junctions at finite voltages have been discussed earlier [1]-[4]. In this communication we report

Boyer, Edmond

133

Dependence of single molecule junction conductance on molecular conformation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Dependence of single molecule junction conductance on molecular conformation Latha Venkataraman1 of a single metal-molecule-metal junction depends not only on the chemical nature of the molecule used in unimolecular devices. Here, using amine link groups13 to form single molecule junctions, we show a clear

Hone, James

134

Magnetohydrodynamic boundary layer control system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide an active boundary layer control system which is lightweight, operates with low in put power, and occupies little physical space. It is a further object of the invention to provide a boundary layer control system which is robust and can be operated in a damaged condition without creating a hazard to the vehicle. It is yet object of the invention to provide a magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) boundary layer control system for marine vehicles which provides a force directly on the water adjacent to the vehicle hull to provide flow separation control. The invention is a boundary layer control system using magnetic and electric fields interaction to providea driving force to energize boundary layer flow around a marine vehicle. A plurality of magnets are located circumferentially around the hull. Seawater electrodes are placed between each of the magnets and between the poles of each magnet. The resulting interaction of the electric and magnetic fields produces a Lorentz force which reduces the turbulence and may even relaminarize the flow in the boundary layer.

Meng, J.C.

1993-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

135

Fast algorithms for triangular Josephson junction arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We develop fast algorithms for the numerical study of two-dimensional triangular Josephson junction arrays. The Dirac bra-ket formalism is introduced in the context of such arrays. We note that triangular arrays can have both hexagonal and rectangular periodicity and develop algorithms for each. Boundaries are next introduced and fast algorithms for finite arrays are developed. 40 refs., 4 figs.

Datta, S.; Sahdev, D. [Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur (India)] [Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur (India)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Measuring Vacuum Polarization with Josephson Junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We argue that the vacuum polarization by the virtual electron-positron pairs can be measured by studying a Josephson junction in a strong magnetic field. The vacuum polarization results in a weak dependence of the Josephson constant on the magnetic field strength which is within the reach of the existing experimental techniques.

Penin, Alexander A. [Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2J1 (Canada) and Institute for Nuclear Research of Russian Academy of Sciences, 117312 Moscow (Russian Federation)

2010-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

137

Axion mass estimates from resonant Josephson junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently it has been proposed that dark matter axions from the galactic halo can produce a small Shapiro step-like signal in Josephson junctions whose Josephson frequency resonates with the axion mass [C. Beck, PRL 111, 231801 (2013)]. Here we show that the axion field equations in a voltage-driven Josephson junction environment allow for a nontrivial solution where the axion-induced electric current manifests itself as an oscillating supercurrent. The linear change of phase associated with this nontrivial solution implies the formal existence of a large magnetic field in a tiny surface area of the weak link region of the junction which makes incoming axions decay into microwave photons. We derive a condition for the design of Josephson junction experiments so that they can act as optimum axion detectors. Four independent recent experiments are discussed in this context. The observed Shapiro step anomalies of all four experiments consistently point towards an axion mass of $(110 \\pm 2)\\mu $eV. This mass value is compatible with the recent BICEP2 results and implies that Peccei-Quinn symmetry breaking was taking place after inflation.

Christian Beck

2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

138

Topological Order in Frustrated Josephson Junction Arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that electrically and magnetically frustrated Josephson junction arrays (JJAs) realize topological order with a non-trivial ground state degeneracy on manifolds with non-trivial topology. The low-energy theory has the same gauge dynamics of the unfrustrated JJAs but for different, "fractional" degrees of freedom, a principle reminescent of Jain's composite electrons in the fractional quantum Hall effect.

M. C. Diamantini; P. Sodano; C. A. Trugenberger

2008-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

139

Superconducting Topological Fluids in Josephson Junction Arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We argue that the frustrated Josephson junction arrays may support a topologically ordered superconducting ground state, characterized by a non-trivial ground state degeneracy on the torus. This superconducting quantum fluid provides an explicit example of a system in which superconductivity arises from a topological mechanism rather than from the usual Landau-Ginzburg mechanism.

M. Cristina Diamantini; Pasquale Sodano; Carlo A. Trugenberger

2006-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

140

Millimeter-Wave Mixing with Josephson Junctions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experiments are reported in which two millimeter-wave signals incident on point-contact Josephson junctions produced changes in the junction dc voltage versus current characteristic and an intermediate frequency output whose amplitude depended sensitively on both junction bias and applied power. Equations are derived, based on Josephson's phenomenological equations, for the Josephson current in a junction exposed to two applied rf signals. When the applied signals differ appreciably in frequency, additional constant-voltage steps in the V-I curve are predicted which are spaced at the difference frequency. These steps have been observed in experiments employing sources at 64 and 72 Gc/sec. Results of mixing experiments utilizing two sources nearly equal in frequency are reported at 23 and at 72 Gc/sec. In this case the two waves beat together and are equivalent in their effect to a single signal amplitude modulated at the difference frequency. Also explained on the same basis are experiments in which the third harmonic of a signal at 24 Gc/sec mixed with a signal at 72 Gc/sec. These results demonstrate the existence of the Josephson mixing mechanism as opposed to classical nonlinear mixing, and they show that it is operative at microwave and millimeter-wave frequencies over a wide range of power.

C. C. Grimes and Sidney Shapiro

1968-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "junction adjacent layers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Gallium nitride junction field-effect transistor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An all-ion implanted gallium-nitride (GaN) junction field-effect transistor (JFET) and method of making the same. Also disclosed are various ion implants, both n- and p-type, together with or without phosphorous co-implantation, in selected III-V semiconductor materials.

Zolper, John C. (Albuquerque, NM); Shul, Randy J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Axion mass estimates from resonant Josephson junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently it has been proposed that dark matter axions from the galactic halo can produce a small Shapiro step-like signal in Josephson junctions whose Josephson frequency resonates with the axion mass [C. Beck, PRL 111, 231801 (2013)]. Here we show that the axion field equations in a voltage-driven Josephson junction environment allow for a nontrivial solution where the axion-induced electric current manifests itself as an oscillating supercurrent. The linear change of phase associated with this nontrivial solution implies the existence of a large magnetic field in a tiny surface area of the weak link region of the junction which makes incoming axions decay into microwave photons. We derive a condition for the design of Josephson junction experiments so that they can act as optimum axion detectors. Four independent recent experiments are discussed in this context. The observed Shapiro step anomalies of all four experiments consistently point towards an axion mass of $(110 \\pm 2)\\mu $eV. This mass value is com...

Beck, Christian

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Gallium nitride junction field-effect transistor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An ion implanted gallium-nitride (GaN) junction field-effect transistor (JFET) and method of making the same are disclosed. Also disclosed are various ion implants, both n- and p-type, together with or without phosphorus co-implantation, in selected III-V semiconductor materials. 19 figs.

Zolper, J.C.; Shul, R.J.

1999-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

144

Electronic Transport in Few-layer Graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electrodes as Josephson Junction. Fifth, patterns, as largegraphene-based Josephson junction. Such a system has been

Zhao, Zeng

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Electronic band alignment and electron transport in Cr/BaTiO{sub 3}/Pt ferroelectric tunnel junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electroresistance in ferroelectric tunnel junctions is controlled by changes in the electrostatic potential profile across the junction upon polarization reversal of the ultrathin ferroelectric barrier layer. Here, hard X-ray photoemission spectroscopy is used to reconstruct the electric potential barrier profile in as-grown Cr/BaTiO{sub 3}(001)/Pt(001) heterostructures. Transport properties of Cr/BaTiO{sub 3}/Pt junctions with a sub-{mu}m Cr top electrode are interpreted in terms of tunneling electroresistance with resistance changes of a factor of {approx}30 upon polarization reversal. By fitting the I-V characteristics with the model employing an experimentally determined electric potential barrier we derive the step height changes at the BaTiO{sub 3}/Pt (Cr/BaTiO{sub 3}) interface +0.42(-0.03) eV following downward to upward polarization reversal.

Zenkevich, A. [NRNU 'Moscow Engineering Physics Institute,' 115409 Moscow (Russian Federation) [NRNU 'Moscow Engineering Physics Institute,' 115409 Moscow (Russian Federation); Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Dolgoprudny, Moscow Region (Russian Federation); Minnekaev, M.; Matveyev, Yu.; Lebedinskii, Yu. [NRNU 'Moscow Engineering Physics Institute,' 115409 Moscow (Russian Federation)] [NRNU 'Moscow Engineering Physics Institute,' 115409 Moscow (Russian Federation); Bulakh, K.; Chouprik, A.; Baturin, A. [Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Dolgoprudny, Moscow Region (Russian Federation)] [Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Dolgoprudny, Moscow Region (Russian Federation); Maksimova, K. [Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, 236041 Kaliningrad (Russian Federation)] [Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, 236041 Kaliningrad (Russian Federation); Thiess, S.; Drube, W. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, D-22603 Hamburg (Germany)] [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, D-22603 Hamburg (Germany)

2013-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

146

E-Print Network 3.0 - adjacent coniferous forest Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

an intensive study of patterns of forest stands had been completed for the adjacent Camas... , related to Targhee National Forest bound- aries, drainage basin topography,...

147

E-Print Network 3.0 - adjacent continental margin Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

adjacent to the margin. The lack of these features is also characteristic of modern transform margins... -early Paleozoic southern Lau- rentian continental ... Source: Huerta,...

148

E-Print Network 3.0 - adjacent neotropic regions Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

listed over a dozen Pyramica species, and even more of Strumigenys, from Suriname and its adjacent... (1862) are included, even though Neotropical ants in these genera...

149

E-Print Network 3.0 - adjacent compression fractures Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and triangular columns formed by column-bounding fractures adjacent to inflation-fracture walls... the cooling rate, caus- ing increased fracturing ... Source: Kattenhorn,...

150

E-Print Network 3.0 - adjacent marine waters Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SEMINAR Diatom Based Quantitative Reconstructions of Summary: . The bay ecosystem is affected by changes in water quality and quantity in the adjacent marine... and freshwater...

151

Method of depositing multi-layer carbon-based coatings for field emission  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A novel field emitter device for cold cathode field emission applications, comprising a multi-layer resistive carbon film. The multi-layered film of the present invention is comprised of at least two layers of a resistive carbon material, preferably amorphous-tetrahedrally coordinated carbon, such that the resistivities of adjacent layers differ. For electron emission from the surface, the preferred structure comprises a top layer having a lower resistivity than the bottom layer. For edge emitting structures, the preferred structure of the film comprises a plurality of carbon layers, wherein adjacent layers have different resistivities. Through selection of deposition conditions, including the energy of the depositing carbon species, the presence or absence of certain elements such as H, N, inert gases or boron, carbon layers having desired resistivities can be produced. Field emitters made according the present invention display improved electron emission characteristics in comparison to conventional field emitter materials.

Sullivan, John P. (Albuquerque, NM); Friedmann, Thomas A. (Albuquerque, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Method of depositing multi-layer carbon-based coatings for field emission  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A novel field emitter device is disclosed for cold cathode field emission applications, comprising a multi-layer resistive carbon film. The multi-layered film of the present invention is comprised of at least two layers of a resistive carbon material, preferably amorphous-tetrahedrally coordinated carbon, such that the resistivities of adjacent layers differ. For electron emission from the surface, the preferred structure comprises a top layer having a lower resistivity than the bottom layer. For edge emitting structures, the preferred structure of the film comprises a plurality of carbon layers, wherein adjacent layers have different resistivities. Through selection of deposition conditions, including the energy of the depositing carbon species, the presence or absence of certain elements such as H, N, inert gases or boron, carbon layers having desired resistivities can be produced. Field emitters made according the present invention display improved electron emission characteristics in comparison to conventional field emitter materials. 8 figs.

Sullivan, J.P.; Friedmann, T.A.

1999-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

153

Heat flow in nonlinear molecular junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the heat conduction properties of molecular junctions comprising anharmonic interactions. We find that nonlinear interactions can lead to novel phenomena: it negative differential thermal conductance and heat rectification. Based on analytically solvable models we derive an expression for the heat current that clearly reflects the interplay between anharmonic interactions, strengths of coupling to the thermal reservoirs, and junction asymmetry. This expression indicates that negative differential thermal conductance shows up when the molecule is strongly coupled to the thermal baths, even in the absence of internal molecular nonlinearities. In contrast, diode like behavior is expected for a highly anharmonic molecule with an inherent structural asymmetry. Anharmonic interactions are also necessary for manifesting Fourier type transport. We briefly present an extension of our model system that can lead to this behavior.

Dvira Segal

2005-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

154

Defect formation in long Josephson junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study numerically a mechanism of vortex formation in a long Josephson junction within the framework of the one-dimensional sine-Gordon model. This mechanism is switched on below the critical temperature. It is shown that the number of fluxons versus velocity of cooling roughly scales according to the power law with the exponent of either 0.25 or 0.5 depending on the temperature variation in the critical current density.

Gordeeva, Anna V. [Institute for Physics of Microstructures, RAS, GSP-105, Nizhny Novgorod 603950 (Russian Federation); Department of Physics, B309, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800 Lyngby (Denmark); Pankratov, Andrey L. [Institute for Physics of Microstructures, RAS, GSP-105, Nizhny Novgorod 603950 (Russian Federation)

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Quantum dynamics in the bosonic Josephson junction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We employ a semiclassical picture to study dynamics in a bosonic Josephson junction with various initial conditions. Phase diffusion of coherent preparations in the Josephson regime is shown to depend on the initial relative phase between the two condensates. For initially incoherent condensates, we find a universal value for the buildup of coherence in the Josephson regime. In addition, we contrast two seemingly similar on-separatrix coherent preparations, finding striking differences in their convergence to classicality as the number of particles increases.

Chuchem, Maya; Cohen, Doron [Department of Physics, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, P.O.B. 653, Beer-Sheva 84105 (Israel); Smith-Mannschott, Katrina [Department of Physics, Wesleyan University, Middletown, Connecticut 06459 (United States); MPI for Dynamics and Self-Organization, Bunsenstrasse 10, D-37073 Goettingen (Germany); Hiller, Moritz [Physikalisches Institut, Albert-Ludwigs-Universitaet, Hermann-Herder-Strasse 3, D-79104 Freiburg (Germany); Kottos, Tsampikos [Department of Physics, Wesleyan University, Middletown, Connecticut 06459 (United States); Vardi, Amichay [Department of Chemistry, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, P.O.B. 653, Beer-Sheva 84105 (Israel); Institute for Theoretical Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

156

Screening current effects in Josephson junction arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this work is to compare the dynamics of arrays of Josephson junctions in presence of magnetic field in two different frameworks: the so called XY frustrated model with no self inductance and an approach that takes into account the screening currents (considering self inductances only). We show that while for a range of parameters the simpler model is sufficiently accurate, in a region of the parameter space solutions arise that are not contained in the XY model equations.

A. Petraglia; G. Filatrella; G. Rotoli

1995-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

157

q-deformed dynamics and Josephson junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We define a generalized rate equation for an observable in quantum mechanics, that involves a parameter q and whose limit $q\\to 1$ gives the standard Heisenberg equation. The generalized rate equation is used to study dynamics of current biased Josephson junction. It is observed that this toy model incorporates diffraction like effects in the critical current. Physical interpretation for q is provided which is also shown to be q-deformation parameter.

Ramandeep S. Johal

2000-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

158

Peltier Junction heats and cools car seat  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electrically heated seats may soon become heated and cooled seats. The design called the CCS module exploits the heat-pump capability of a class of semiconductor thermoelectric devices (TEDs) known as Peltier Junction. Every CCS module contain two TEDs. Heating and cooling occurs through convection and conduction. The heart of the system is the thermoelectric heat pump. This is originally conceived as the sole heating/cooling options for a prototype electric vehicle.

Gottschalk, M.A.

1994-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

159

Magnetism in Thiolated Gold Model Junctions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Magnetism in Thiolated Gold Model Junctions ... Nanoparticles revealing magnetism and their assemblies are of importance in nanotechnology and spintronics,(26, 27) in fundamental quantum-mechanical experiments,(28) and potentially in quantum computing. ... (47) Even though the magnetism has not yet been explicitly demonstrated in pure, neutral, and small thiolated AuNPs, it may be readily promoted by transition-metal doping of AuNP cores. ...

Matúš Dubecký; Haibin Su

2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

160

Josephson junction in a thin film  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The phase difference {phi}(y) for a vortex at a line Josephson junction in a thin film attenuates at large distances as a power law, unlike the case of a bulk junction where it approaches exponentially the constant values at infinities. The field of a Josephson vortex is a superposition of fields of standard Pearl vortices distributed along the junction with the line density {phi}'(y)/2{pi}. We study the integral equation for {phi}(y) and show that the phase is sensitive to the ratio l/{Lambda}, where l={lambda}{sub J}{sup 2}/{lambda}{sub L}, {Lambda}=2{lambda}{sub L}{sup 2}/d, {lambda}{sub L}, and {lambda}{sub J} are the London and Josephson penetration depths, and d is the film thickness. For l<<{Lambda}, the vortex ''core'' of the size l is nearly temperature independent, while the phase ''tail'' scales as l{Lambda}/y{sup 2}={lambda}{sub J}2{lambda}{sub L}/d/y{sup 2}; i.e., it diverges as T{yields}T{sub c}. For l>>{Lambda}, both the core and the tail have nearly the same characteristic length l{Lambda}.

Kogan, V. G.; Dobrovitski, V. V.; Clem, J. R.; Mawatari, Yasunori; Mints, R. G.

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "junction adjacent layers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Photovoltaic Device Including A Boron Doping Profile In An I-Type Layer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photovoltaic cell for use in a single junction or multijunction photovoltaic device, which includes a p-type layer of a semiconductor compound including silicon, an i-type layer of an amorphous semiconductor compound including silicon, and an n-type layer of a semiconductor compound including silicon formed on the i-type layer. The i-type layer including an undoped first sublayer formed on the p-type layer, and a boron-doped second sublayer formed on the first sublayer.

Yang, Liyou (Lawrenceville, NJ)

1993-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

162

Single P-N junction tandem photovoltaic device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A single P-N junction solar cell is provided having two depletion regions for charge separation while allowing the electrons and holes to recombine such that the voltages associated with both depletion regions of the solar cell will add together. The single p-n junction solar cell includes an alloy of either InGaN or InAlN formed on one side of the P-N junction with Si formed on the other side in order to produce characteristics of a two junction (2J) tandem solar cell through only a single P-N junction. A single P-N junction solar cell having tandem solar cell characteristics will achieve power conversion efficiencies exceeding 30%.

Walukiewicz, Wladyslaw (Kensington, CA); Ager, III, Joel W. (Berkeley, CA); Yu, Kin Man (Lafayette, CA)

2012-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

163

Single P-N junction tandem photovoltaic device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A single P-N junction solar cell is provided having two depletion regions for charge separation while allowing the electrons and holes to recombine such that the voltages associated with both depletion regions of the solar cell will add together. The single p-n junction solar cell includes an alloy of either InGaN or InAlN formed on one side of the P-N junction with Si formed on the other side in order to produce characteristics of a two junction (2J) tandem solar cell through only a single P-N junction. A single P-N junction solar cell having tandem solar cell characteristics will achieve power conversion efficiencies exceeding 30%.

Walukiewicz, Wladyslaw (Kensington, CA); Ager, III, Joel W. (Berkeley, CA); Yu, Kin Man (Lafayette, CA)

2011-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

164

Pseudospherical Junctions or Josephson Effect, Backlund Transformations, and Fine Structure Coupling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, that the geometric phase evolution within M circularly and toroidally arranged virtual Josephson junctions (coupled by a special arrangement of Josephson junctions. In this con- text "virtual junction" means simply a scalar impedance will represent in this paper a "virtual Josephson junction". The Josephson junctions

Binder, Bernd

165

Classical phase diffusion in small hysteretic Josephson junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The existence of classical phase diffusion in hysteretic junctions is demonstrated by quantitative agreement between experimental and simulated {ital I}-{ital V} curves. The simulations are based on a circuit that accurately models both the junction and its external shunting impedance at microwave frequencies. We show that the bias current at which the junction switches from the phase diffusion state to the voltage state is sensitive to dissipation at microwave frequencies.

Martinis, J.M.; Kautz, R.L. (National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (US))

1989-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

166

A Josephson Junction Microscope for Low-frequency Fluctuators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The high-Q harmonic oscillator mode of a Josephson junction can be used as a novel probe of spurious two-level systems (TLSs) inside the amorphous oxide tunnel barriers of the junction. In particular, we show that spectroscopic transmission measurements of the junction resonator mode can reveal how the coupling magnitude between the junction and the TLSs varies with an external magnetic field applied in the plane of the tunnel barrier. The proposed experiments offer the possibility of clearly resolving the underlying coupling mechanism for these spurious TLSs, an important decoherence source limiting the quality of superconducting quantum devices.

L. Tian; R. W. Simmonds

2007-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

167

Quantum manipulation and simulation using Josephson junction arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the prospect of using quantum properties of large scale Josephson junction arrays for quantum manipulation and simulation. We study the collective vibrational quantum modes of a Josephson junction array and show that they provide a natural and practical method for realizing a high quality cavity for superconducting qubit based QED. We further demonstrate that by using Josephson junction arrays we can simulate a family of problems concerning spinless electron-phonon and electron-electron interactions. These protocols require no or few controls over the Josephson junction array and are thus relatively easy to realize given currently available technology.

Xingxiang Zhou; Ari Mizel

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

High-frequency rolloff in the response of junction detectors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A model is developed for junction detectors based on the antisymmetric electromagnetic-structure mode for two high-free-carrier-density regions separated by a slightly conductive...

Haas, David R; Yu, Theodore; Wurl, Jon G; Gustafson, T K

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Organic-Inorganic Hetero Junction White Light Emitting Diode.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The purpose of this thesis work is to design and fabricates organic-inorganic hetero junction White Light Emitting Diode (WLED). In this WLED, inorganic material… (more)

Lubuna Beegum, Shafeek

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

A review on plasma-assisted VLS synthesis of silicon nanowires and radial junction solar cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Incorporation of nanostructures is a recent trend in the photovoltaic community, aimed at improving light absorption and consequently cell efficiency. In this regard, semiconductor nanowires provide an attractive research platform for a new generation of cost-effective and efficient solar cells. Thanks to their unique geometry, silicon nanowires enhance light trapping and anti-reflection effects by means of multiple scattering between individual nanowires, and by coupling the light into confined eigenmodes over a broad range of the solar spectrum. Moreover, radial junction solar cells built around nanowires decouple the light absorption and carrier collection directions, which allows for a higher internal field and better carrier collection. Thus, arrays of radial junction solar cells bring advantages of high efficiency with reduced material amount. This is particularly attractive for devices based on hydrogenated amorphous and microcrystalline silicon thin films. In this paper, after reviewing different approaches to fabricate silicon nanowires, we focus on nanowires grown using the plasma-assisted vapour–liquid–solid method because of the simplicity and compatibility with current silicon thin-film technology. Their application to a-Si?:?H based radial junction solar cells has already resulted in ~8% of stable devices with an absorber layer thickness of only 100 nm. Moreover, current challenges and perspectives such as the use of a microcrystalline silicon absorber are also reviewed.

Soumyadeep Misra; Linwei Yu; Wanghua Chen; Martin Foldyna; Pere Roca i Cabarrocas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Non-relativistic Josephson Junction from Holography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct a Josephson junction in non-relativistic case with a Lifshitz geometry as the dual gravity. We investigate the effect of the Lifshitz scaling in comparison with its relativistic counterpart. The standard sinusoidal relation between the current and the phase difference is found for various Lifshitz scalings characterised by the dynamical critical exponent. We also find the exponential decreasing relation between the condensate of the scalar operator within the barrier at zero current and the width of the weak link, as well as the relation between the critical current and the width. Nevertheless, the coherence lengths obtained from two exponential decreasing relations generically have discrepancies for non-relativistic dual.

Huai-Fan Li; Li Li; Yong-Qiang Wang; Hai-Qing Zhang

2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

172

Non-relativistic Josephson Junction from Holography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct a Josephson junction in non-relativistic case with a Lifshitz geometry as the dual gravity. We investigate the effect of the Lifshitz scaling in comparison with its relativistic counterpart. The standard sinusoidal relation between the current and the phase difference is found for various Lifshitz scalings characterised by the dynamical critical exponent. We also find the exponential decreasing relation between the condensate of the scalar operator within the barrier at zero current and the width of the weak link, as well as the relation between the critical current and the width. Nevertheless, the coherence lengths obtained from two exponential decreasing relations generically have discrepancies for non-relativistic dual.

Li, Huai-Fan; Wang, Yong-Qiang; Zhang, Hai-Qing

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Synchronized Andreev transmission in SNS junction arrays.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We construct a nonequilibrium theory for the charge transfer through a diffusive array of alternating normal (N) and superconducting (S) islands comprising an SNSNS junction, with the size of the central S island being smaller than the energy relaxation length. We demonstrate that in the nonequilibrium regime the central island acts as Andreev retransmitter with the Andreev conversions at both NS interfaces of the central island correlated via above-the-gap transmission and Andreev reflection. This results in a synchronized transmission at certain resonant voltages which in experiments is seen as a sequence of spikes in the differential conductivity.

Chtchelkatchev, N. M.; Baturina, T. I.; Glatz, A.; Vinokur, V. M.; Materials Science Division; Russian Academy of Sciences; Moscow Inst. of Physics and Technology; Inst. Semiconductor Physics

2010-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

174

Quantum breathers in capacitively coupled Josephson junctions: Correlations, number conservation, and entanglement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum breathers in capacitively coupled Josephson junctions: Correlations, number conservation coupled Josephson junctions. In the classical case the equations of motion admit discrete breather by employing the already developed tech- niques for quantum information processing using Josephson junctions

Flach, Sergej

175

Development of high, stable-efficiency triple-junction a-Si alloy solar cells. Final technical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes Energy Conversion Devices, Inc.`s (ECD) research under this program. ECD researchers explored the deposition of a-Si at high rates using very-high-frequency plasma MHz, and compared these VHF i-layers with radio-frequency (RF) plasma-deposited i-layers. ECD conducted comprehensive research to develop a {mu}c-Si p{sup +} layer using VHF deposition process with the objectives of establishing a wider process window for the deposition of high-quality p{sup +} materials and further enhancing their performance of a-Si solar cells by improving its p-layers. ECD optimized the deposition of the intrinsic a-Si layer and the boron-doped {mu}c-Si p{sup +} layer to improve the V{sub oc}. Researchers deposited wide-bandgap a-Si films using high hydrogen dilution; investigated the deposition of the ZnO layer (for use in back-reflector) using a sputter deposition process involving metal Zn targets; and obtained a baseline fabrication for single-junction a-Si n-i-p devices with 10.6% initial efficiency and a baseline fabrication for triple-junction a-Si devices with 11.2% initial efficiency. ECD researchers also optimized the deposition parameters for a-SiGe with high Ge content; designed a novel structure for the p-n tunnel junction (recombination layer) in a multiple-junction solar cell; and demonstrated, in n-i-p solar cells, the improved stability of a-Si:H:F materials when deposited using a new fluorine precursor. Researchers investigated the use of c-Si(n{sup +})/a-Si alloy/Pd Schottky barrier device as a tool for the effective evaluation of photovoltaic performance on a-Si alloy materials. Through alterations in the deposition conditions and system hardware, researchers improved their understanding for the deposition of uniform and high-quality a-Si and a-SiGe films over large areas. ECD researchers also performed extensive research to optimize the deposition process of the newly constructed 5-MW back-reflector deposition machine.

Deng, X.; Jones, S.J.; Liu, T.; Izu, M. [Energy Conversion Devices, Inc., Troy, MI (United States)

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Dynamics of domain wall networks with junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We use a combination of analytic tools and an extensive set of the largest and most accurate three-dimensional field theory numerical simulations to study the dynamics of domain wall networks with junctions. We build upon our previous work and consider a class of models which, in the limit of large number N of coupled scalar fields, approaches the so-called ''ideal'' model (in terms of its potential to lead to network frustration). We consider values of N between N=2 and N=20, and a range of cosmological epochs, and we also compare this class of models with other toy models used in the past. In all cases we find compelling evidence for a gradual approach to scaling, strongly supporting our no-frustration conjecture. We also discuss the various possible types of junctions (including cases where there is a hierarchy of them) and their roles in the dynamics of the network. Finally, we provide a cosmological Zel'dovich-type bound on the energy scale of this kind of defect network: it must be lower than 10 keV.

Avelino, P. P.; Oliveira, J. C. R. E. [Centro de Fisica do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre 687, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal); Departamento de Fisica da Faculdade de Ciencias da Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre 687, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal); Martins, C. J. A. P. [Centro de Astrofisica da Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas s/n, 4150-762 Porto (Portugal); DAMTP, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge CB3 0WA (United Kingdom); Menezes, J. [Centro de Fisica do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre 687, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal); Centro de Astrofisica da Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas s/n, 4150-762 Porto (Portugal); Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal da Paraiba, Caixa Postal 5008, 58051-970 Joao Pessoa, Paraiba (Brazil); Menezes, R. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal da Paraiba, Caixa Postal 5008, 58051-970 Joao Pessoa, Paraiba (Brazil)

2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

177

A fourier spectrometer for studying the radiation from Josephson Junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper describes a Fourier spectrometer designed to study the radiation generated by a Josephson junction in the millimeter and FIR bands with a resolution of {approx}2 GHz in the two-pass mode and {approx}1 GHz in the multipass mode. A feature is that one Josephson junctions operates as both generator and detector at the same time.

Verevkin, A.A.; Il`in, V.A.; Lipatov, A.P. [V.I. Lenin Moscow Pedagogical State Univ., Moscow (Russian Federation)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Conditions for synchronization in Josephson-junction arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An effective perturbation theoretical method has been developed to study the dynamics of Josephson Junction series arrays. It is shown that the inclusion of Junction capacitances, often ignored, has a significant impact on synchronization. Comparison of analytic with computational results over a wide range of parameters shows excellent agreement.

Chernikov, A.A.; Schmidt, G. [Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, NJ (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

179

Josephson junctions in high-T/sub c/ superconductors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention includes a high T/sub c/ Josephson sperconducting junction as well as the method and apparatus which provides the junction by application of a closely controlled and monitored electrical discharge to a microbridge region connecting two portions of a superconducting film.

Falco, C.M.; Lee, T.W.

1981-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

180

Intermittency and low frequency noise in a Josephson junction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bifurcation, chaos, and intermittency in the {ital f}-biased Josephson junction are investigated by numerically integrating the equation of the Stewart-McCumber model with an interference {epsilon} cos {phi}'' term. In addition, the relationship between the low frequency noise and the routes to chaos in a Josephson junction is discussed.

Xiao Wanru (Physics Division, Nanjing Architectural Institute (CN)); Yao Xixian (Department of Physics, Nanjing University (CN))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "junction adjacent layers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Conditions for synchronization in Josephson-junction arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An effective perturbation theoretical method has been developed to study the dynamics of Josephson-junction series arrays. It is shown that the inclusion of junction capacitances, which is often ignored, has a significant impact on synchronization. Comparison of analytic with computational results over a wide range of parameters shows excellent agreement.

Chernikov, A.A.; Schmidt, G. [Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030 (United States)] [Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030 (United States)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Profiling the Thermoelectric Power of Semiconductor Junctions with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sources realize energy conversion between heat and electricity without the use of moving me- chanical the thermoelectric power, band struc- tures, and carrier concentrations of semiconductor junctions that constitute S is governed by local carrier statistics, SThEM allows us to profile precise elec- tronic junction locations

183

E-Print Network 3.0 - adhering junctions connecting Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

S... . P. Benz, and J. E. Bonevich Abstract--The authors have made tall, uniform stacked Josephson junction... bar- rier of our niobium Josephson junctions and obtain working...

184

Data Compendium for the Logging Test Pits at the ERDA Grand Junction...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Data Compendium for the Logging Test Pits at the ERDA Grand Junction Compound (December 1975) Data Compendium for the Logging Test Pits at the ERDA Grand Junction Compound...

185

Regional Gravity Survey of the Northern Great Salt Lake Desert and Adjacent  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gravity Survey of the Northern Great Salt Lake Desert and Adjacent Gravity Survey of the Northern Great Salt Lake Desert and Adjacent Areas in Utah, Nevada, and Idaho Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Regional Gravity Survey of the Northern Great Salt Lake Desert and Adjacent Areas in Utah, Nevada, and Idaho Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: From 1957 to 1961 a regional gravity survey was made over the northern part of the Great Salt Lake Desert and adjacent areas in Utah, eastern Nevada, and southeastern Idaho. A total of 1040 stations were taken over an area of about 7000 square miles. The results were compiled as a Bouguer gravity anomaly map with a contour interval of 2 mgal. The Bouguer values ranged from a high of about -120 mgal over the outcrop areas to a

186

Thermal buckling of metal oil tanks subject to an adjacent fire   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fire is one of the main hazards associated with storage tanks containing flammable liquids. These tanks are usually closely spaced and in large groups, so where a petroleum fire occurs, adjacent tanks are susceptible to ...

Liu, Ying

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Thermal buckling of metal oil tanks subject to an adjacent fire   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fire is one of the main hazards associated with storage tanks containing flammable liquids. These tanks are usually closely spaced and in large groups, so where a petroleum fire occurs, adjacent tanks are susceptible to ...

Liu, Ying

2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

188

E-Print Network 3.0 - aquatic environments adjacent Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for: aquatic environments adjacent Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Journal of Animal Ecology 2009, 78, 338345 doi: 10.1111j.1365-2656.2008.01498.x 2008 The Authors. Journal...

189

Cryogenic ion implantation near amorphization threshold dose for halo/extension junction improvement in sub-30 nm device technologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on junction advantages of cryogenic ion implantation with medium current implanters. We propose a methodical approach on maximizing cryogenic effects on junction characteristics near the amorphization threshold doses that are typically used for halo implants for sub-30 nm technologies. BF{sub 2}{sup +} implant at a dose of 8 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 13}cm{sup -2} does not amorphize silicon at room temperature. When implanted at -100 Degree-Sign C, it forms a 30 - 35 nm thick amorphous layer. The cryogenic BF{sub 2}{sup +} implant significantly reduces the depth of the boron distribution, both as-implanted and after anneals, which improves short channel rolloff characteristics. It also creates a shallower n{sup +}-p junction by steepening profiles of arsenic that is subsequently implanted in the surface region. We demonstrate effects of implant sequences, germanium preamorphization, indium and carbon co-implants for extension/halo process integration. When applied to sequences such as Ge+As+C+In+BF{sub 2}{sup +}, the cryogenic implants at -100 Degree-Sign C enable removal of Ge preamorphization, and form more active n{sup +}-p junctions and steeper B and In halo profiles than sequences at room temperature.

Park, Hugh; Todorov, Stan; Colombeau, Benjamin; Rodier, Dennis; Kouzminov, Dimitry; Zou Wei; Guo Baonian; Khasgiwale, Niranjan; Decker-Lucke, Kurt [Applied Materials, Varian Semiconductor Equipment, 35 Dory Road, Gloucester, Massachusetts 01930 (United States)

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

190

Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous evolution of the eastern Indian Ocean adjacent to northwest Australia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1987 Major Subject: Oceanography LATE JURASSIC-EARLY CRETACEOUS EVOLUTION OF THE EASTERN INDIAN OCEAN ADJACENT TO NORTHWEST AUSTRALIA A Thesis by LAWRENCE GILLIAM FULLERTON Approved as to style and content by...: William W. Sag (Chairman of Committee) Wi ford O. Gar ner (Member) T omas . . Hi e (Member) ert T. Rowe (Head of Department) December 1987 ABSTRACT Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous Evolution of the Eastern Indian Ocean Adjacent to Northwest...

Fullerton, Lawrence Gilliam

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

191

Tandem junction amorphous semiconductor photovoltaic cell  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photovoltaic stack comprising at least two p[sup +]i n[sup +] cells in optical series, said cells separated by a transparent ohmic contact layer(s), provides a long optical path for the absorption of photons while preserving the advantageous field-enhanced minority carrier collection arrangement characteristic of p[sup +]i n[sup +] cells. 3 figs.

Dalal, V.L.

1983-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

192

Hetero-junction photovoltaic device and method of fabricating the device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A hetero-junction device and fabrication method in which phase-separated n-type and p-type semiconductor pillars define vertically-oriented p-n junctions extending above a substrate. Semiconductor materials are selected for the p-type and n-type pillars that are thermodynamically stable and substantially insoluble in one another. An epitaxial deposition process is employed to form the pillars on a nucleation layer and the mutual insolubility drives phase separation of the materials. During the epitaxial deposition process, the orientation is such that the nucleation layer initiates propagation of vertical columns resulting in a substantially ordered, three-dimensional structure throughout the deposited material. An oxidation state of at least a portion of one of the p-type or the n-type semiconductor materials is altered relative to the other, such that the band-gap energy of the semiconductor materials differ with respect to stoichiometric compositions and the device preferentially absorbs particular selected bands of radiation.

Aytug, Tolga; Christen, David K; Paranthaman, Mariappan Parans; Polat, Ozgur

2014-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

193

Modeling the Physical and Biochemical Influence of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Plant Discharges into their Adjacent Waters  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Modeling the Physical and Biochemical Influence of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Plant Discharges into their Adjacent Waters

194

Cadmium-free junction fabrication process for CuInSe.sub.2 thin film solar cells  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides an economical, simple, dry and controllable semiconductor layer junction forming process to make cadmium free high efficiency photovoltaic cells having a first layer comprised primarily of copper indium diselenide having a thin doped copper indium diselenide n-type region, generated by thermal diffusion with a group II(b) element such as zinc, and a halide, such as chlorine, and a second layer comprised of a conventional zinc oxide bilayer. A photovoltaic device according the present invention includes a first thin film layer of semiconductor material formed primarily from copper indium diselenide. Doping of the copper indium diselenide with zinc chloride is accomplished using either a zinc chloride solution or a solid zinc chloride material. Thermal diffusion of zinc chloride into the copper indium diselenide upper region creates the thin n-type copper indium diselenide surface. A second thin film layer of semiconductor material comprising zinc oxide is then applied in two layers. The first layer comprises a thin layer of high resistivity zinc oxide. The second relatively thick layer of zinc oxide is doped to exhibit low resistivity.

Ramanathan, Kannan V. (Lakewood, CA); Contreras, Miguel A. (Golden, CA); Bhattacharya, Raghu N. (Littleton, CA); Keane, James (Lakewood, CA); Noufi, Rommel (Golden, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Ternary metal-rich sulfide with a layered structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A ternary Nb-Ta-S compound is provided having the atomic formula, Nb.sub.1.72 Ta.sub.3.28 S.sub.2, and exhibiting a layered structure in the sequence S-M3-M2-M1-M2-M3-S wherein S represents sulfur layers and M1, M2, and M3 represent Nb/Ta mixed metal layers. This sequence generates seven sheets stacked along the [001] direction of an approximate body centered cubic crystal structure with relatively weak sulfur-to-sulfur van der Waals type interactions between adjacent sulfur sheets and metal-to-metal bonding within and between adjacent mixed metal sheets.

Franzen, Hugo F. (Ames, IA); Yao, Xiaoqiang (Ames, IA)

1993-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

196

Quantum computing with atomic Josephson junction arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a quantum computing scheme with atomic Josephson junction arrays. The system consists of a small number of atoms with three internal states and trapped in a far-off-resonant optical lattice. Raman lasers provide the 'Josephson' tunneling, and the collision interaction between atoms represent the 'capacitive' couplings between the modes. The qubit states are collective states of the atoms with opposite persistent currents. This system is closely analogous to the superconducting flux qubit. Single-qubit quantum logic gates are performed by modulating the Raman couplings, while two-qubit gates result from a tunnel coupling between neighboring wells. Readout is achieved by tuning the Raman coupling adiabatically between the Josephson regime to the Rabi regime, followed by a detection of atoms in internal electronic states. Decoherence mechanisms are studied in detail promising a high ratio between the decoherence time and the gate operation time.

Tian Lin; Zoller, P. [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Innsbruck, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria)

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Advanced Concepts in Josephson Junction Reflection Amplifiers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low-noise amplification atmicrowave frequencies has become increasingly important for the research related to superconducting qubits and nanoelectromechanical systems. The fundamental limit of added noise by a phase-preserving amplifier is the standard quantum limit, often expressed as noise temperature $T_{q} = \\hbar {\\omega}/2k_{B}$. Towards the goal of the quantum limit, we have developed an amplifier based on intrinsic negative resistance of a selectively damped Josephson junction. Here we present measurement results on previously proposed wide-band microwave amplification and discuss the challenges for improvements on the existing designs. We have also studied flux-pumped metamaterial-based parametric amplifiers, whose operating frequency can be widely tuned by external DC-flux, and demonstrate operation at $2\\omega$ pumping, in contrast to the typical metamaterial amplifiers pumped via signal lines at $\\omega$.

Pasi Lähteenmäki; Visa Vesterinen; Juha Hassel; G. S. Paraoanu; Heikki Seppä; Pertti Hakonen

2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

198

Quantum Fluctuations in Josephson Junction Comparators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have developed a method for calculation of quantum fluctuation effects, in particular of the uncertainty zone developing at the potential curvature sign inversion, for a damped harmonic oscillator with arbitrary time dependence of frequency and for arbitrary temperature, within the Caldeira-Leggett model. The method has been applied to the calculation of the gray zone width Delta Ix of Josephson-junction balanced comparators driven by a specially designed low-impedance RSFQ circuit. The calculated temperature dependence of Delta Ix in the range 1.5 to 4.2K is in a virtually perfect agreement with experimental data for Nb-trilayer comparators with critical current densities of 1.0 and 5.5 kA/cm^2, without any fitting parameters.

Thomas J. Walls; Timur V. Filippov; Konstantin K. Likharev

2002-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

199

Quantum Computing with Atomic Josephson Junction Arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a quantum computing scheme with atomic Josephson junction arrays. The system consists of a small number of atoms with three internal states and trapped in a far-off resonant optical lattice. Raman lasers provide the "Josephson" tunneling, and the collision interaction between atoms represent the "capacitive" couplings between the modes. The qubit states are collective states of the atoms with opposite persistent currents. This system is closely analogous to the superconducting flux qubit. Single qubit quantum logic gates are performed by modulating the Raman couplings, while two-qubit gates result from a tunnel coupling between neighboring wells. Readout is achieved by tuning the Raman coupling adiabatically between the Josephson regime to the Rabi regime, followed by a detection of atoms in internal electronic states. Decoherence mechanisms are studied in detail promising a high ratio between the decoherence time and the gate operation time.

Lin Tian; P. Zoller

2003-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

200

The World as a Dual Josephson Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine some of the implications of the field-theoretical mechanism for the localization of gauge fields on hypersurfaces in higher-dimensional bulk space-time. This mechanism exploits the analogy between confinement and dual superconductivity. In the simplest case of a photon localized on a (2+1)-dimensional surface in a (3+1)-dimensional bulk, we argue that the system behaves like a dual Josephson junction. This implies that the effective gauge theory on the surface is not free, but displays weak confinement with a linear potential. We comment on the relevance of our results for the realistic case of a (3+1)-dimensional surface in a space-time with one or more extra dimensions.

N. Tetradis

2000-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "junction adjacent layers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Gauge Theories of Josephson Junction Arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the zero-temperature physics of planar Josephson junction arrays in the self-dual approximation is governed by an Abelian gauge theory with periodic mixed Chern-Simons term describing the charge-vortex coupling. The periodicity requires the existence of (Euclidean) topological excitations which determine the quantum phase structure of the model. The electric-magnetic duality leads to a quantum phase transition between a superconductor and a superinsulator at the self-dual point. We also discuss in this framework the recently proposed quantum Hall phases for charges and vortices in presence of external offset charges and magnetic fluxes: we show how the periodicity of the charge-vortex coupling can lead to transitions to anyon superconductivity phases. We finally generalize our results to three dimensions, where the relevant gauge theory is the so-called BF system, with an antisymmetric Kalb-Ramond gauge field.

M. C. Diamantini; P. Sodano; C. A. Trugenberger

1995-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

202

Structural organization of gap junction channels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Gap junctions were initially described morphologically, and identified as semi-crystalline arrays of channels linking two cells. This suggested that they may represent an amenable target for electron and X-ray crystallographic studies in much the same way that bacteriorhodopsin has. Over 30 years later, however, an atomic resolution structural solution of these unique intercellular pores is still lacking due to many challenges faced in obtaining high expression levels and purification of these structures. A variety of microscopic techniques, as well as NMR structure determination of fragments of the protein, have now provided clearer and correlated views of how these structures are assembled and function as intercellular conduits. As a complement to these structural approaches, a variety of mutagenic studies linking structure and function have now allowed molecular details to be superimposed on these lower resolution structures, so that a clearer image of pore architecture and its modes of regulation are beginning to emerge.

Gina E. Sosinsky; Bruce J. Nicholson

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Josephson-junction arrays with long-range interactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We calculate the current-voltage (IV) characteristics of a Josephson-junction array with long-range interactions. The array consists of two sets of equally spaced parallel superconducting wires placed at right angles. A Josephson junction is formed at every point wherever the wires cross. We treat each such junction as an overdamped resistively shunted junction, and each wire segment between two junctions as a similar resistively shunted junction with a much higher critical current. The IV characteristics are obtained by solving the coupled Josephson equations numerically. We find that, for a sufficiently large number of wires, the critical current saturates at a finite value because of the wire inductance, in excellent agreement with experiment. The calculated IV characteristics also show a striking hysteresis, even though each of the individual junctions is {ital nonhysteretic}. The hysteresis results from a global redistribution of current flow on the upper and lower voltage branches, and is also in excellent agreement with experiment. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Harbaugh, J.K.; Stroud, D. [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Dissipative dynamics of a Josephson junction in the Bose gases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dissipative dynamics of a Josephson junction in Bose gases is considered within the framework of the model of a tunneling Hamiltonian. The effective action that describes the dynamics of the phase difference across the junction is derived using the functional integration method. The dynamic equation obtained for the phase difference across the junction is analyzed for the finite temperatures in the low-frequency limit involving the radiation terms. The asymmetric case of the Bose gases with the different order parameters is calculated as well.

Barankov, R.A. [Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Burmistrov, S.N. [RRC 'Kurchatov Institute', Kurchatov Sq.1, 123182 Moscow (Russian Federation)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Junction Temperature Measurement of IGBTs Using Short Circuit Current  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, a method is proposed to measure the junction temperatures of IGBT discrete devices and modules using short circuit current. Experimental results show that the short circuit current has good sensitivity, linearity and selectivity, which is suitable to be used as temperature sensitive electrical parameters (TSEP). Test circuit and hardware design are proposed for junction temperature measurement in single phase and three phase convertes. By connecting a temperature measurement unit to the converter and giving a short circuit pulse, the IGBT junction temperature can be measured.

Wang, Fei [ORNL; Xu, Zhuxian [ORNL; Ning, Puqi [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

BPS domain wall junctions in infinitely large extra dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider models of scalar fields coupled to gravity which are higher-dimensional generalizations of four dimensional supergravity. We use these models to describe domain wall junctions in an anti–de Sitter background. We derive Bogomol’nyi equations for the scalar fields from which the walls are constructed and for the metric. From these equations a BPS-like formula for the junction energy can be derived. We demonstrate that such junctions localize gravity in the presence of more than one uncompactified extra dimension.

Sean M. Carroll; Simeon Hellerman; Mark Trodden

2000-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

207

Modified laser-annealing process for improving the quality of electrical P-N junctions and devices  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention is a process for producing improved electrical-junction devices. The invention is applicable, for example, to a process in which a light-sensitive electrical-junction device is produced by (1) providing a body of crystalline semiconductor material having a doped surface layer, (2) irradiating the layer with at least one laser pulse to effect melting of the layer, (3) permitting recrystallization of the melted layer, and (4) providing the resulting body with electrical contacts. In accordance with the invention, the fill-factor and open-circuit-voltage parameters of the device are increased by conducting the irradiation with the substrate as a whole at a selected elevated temperature, the temperature being selected to effect a reduction in the rate of the recrystallization but insufficient to effect substantial migration of impurities within the body. In the case of doped silicon substrates, the substrate may be heated to a temperature in the range of from about 200.degree. C. to 500.degree. C.

Wood, Richard F. (Oak Ridge, TN); Young, Rosa T. (Farragut, TN)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Microwave Photon Counter Based on Josephson Junctions Y.-F. Chen,1,* D. Hover,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microwave Photon Counter Based on Josephson Junctions Y.-F. Chen,1,* D. Hover,1 S. Sendelbach,1 L on the current-biased Josephson junction. The junction is tuned to absorb single microwave photons from optical photon counters, it is natural to consider the Josephson junction--a nonlinear, nondissipative

Saffman, Mark

209

Supercurrent-Induced Temperature Gradient across a Nonequilibrium SNS Josephson Junction M. S. Crosser,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Supercurrent-Induced Temperature Gradient across a Nonequilibrium SNS Josephson Junction M. S direction. The feature represents an effective temperature gradient across the SNS Josephson junction Josephson junction (SNS JJ) into a `` junction'' by driving the electron energy distribution far from

Birge, Norman

210

Asymmetric noise probed with a Josephson junction Q. Le Masne,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Asymmetric noise probed with a Josephson junction Q. Le Masne,1 H. Pothier,1, Norman O. Birge,2 C are measured using a Josephson junction. The current noise adds to the bias current of the Josephson junction], consists in using a Josephson junction (JJ) as a large bandwidth on-chip noise detector [7, 8, 9]. It has

Boyer, Edmond

211

Cooper pair transport and Coulomb blockade in one dimensional Josephson junction arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cooper pair transport and Coulomb blockade in one dimensional Josephson junction arrays Peter Å¡Ë?ogskoletryckeriet, Stockholm, 2000 #12; Abstract One dimensional Josephson junction arrays have been fabricated, measured small capacitance Josephson junction is described using a Serial Resistive and Inductive Junction (SRLJ

Haviland, David

212

Asymmetric Noise Probed with a Josephson Junction Q. Le Masne,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Asymmetric Noise Probed with a Josephson Junction Q. Le Masne,1 H. Pothier,1,* Norman O. Birge,2 C of the current through a tunnel junction are measured using a Josephson junction. The current noise adds to the bias current of the Josephson junction and affects its switching out of the supercurrent branch

Birge, Norman

213

EA-0930: Facility Operations at the U.S. DOE Grand Junction Projects  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

30: Facility Operations at the U.S. DOE Grand Junction 30: Facility Operations at the U.S. DOE Grand Junction Projects Office, Grand Junction, Colorado EA-0930: Facility Operations at the U.S. DOE Grand Junction Projects Office, Grand Junction, Colorado SUMMARY This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposal to expand and upgrade the U.S. Department of Energy's Grand Junction Projects Office facilities and operations in Grand Junction, Colorado. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD June 8, 1996 EA-0930: Finding of No Significant Impact Facility Operations at the U.S. DOE Grand Junction Projects Office, Grand Junction, Colorado June 8, 1996 EA-0930: Final Environmental Assessment Facility Operations at the U.S. DOE Grand Junction Projects Office, Grand

214

EA-1037: Uranium Lease Management Program, Grand Junction, Colorado |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

37: Uranium Lease Management Program, Grand Junction, Colorado 37: Uranium Lease Management Program, Grand Junction, Colorado EA-1037: Uranium Lease Management Program, Grand Junction, Colorado SUMMARY This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the U.S. Department of Energy's Grand Junction Projects Office's proposal to maintain and preserve the nation's immediately accessible supply of domestic uranium and vanadium ores, to maintain a viable domestic mining and milling infrastructure required to produce and mill these ores, and to provide assurance of a fair monetary return to the U.S. Government. The Uranium Lease Management Program gives The Department of Energy the flexibility to continue leasing these lands. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD August 22, 1995

215

Manipulating Josephson junctions in thin-films by nearby vortices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is shown that a vortex trapped in one of the banks of a planar edge-type Josephson junction in a narrow thin-film superconducting strip can change drastically the dependence of the junction critical current on the applied field, I-c(H). When the vortex is placed at certain discrete positions in the strip middle, the pattern I-c(H) has zero at H = 0 instead of the traditional maximum of '0-type' junctions. The number of these positions is equal to the number of vortices trapped at the same location. When the junction-vortex separation exceeds similar to W, the strip width, I-c(H) is no longer sensitive to the vortex presence. The same is true for any separation if the vortex approaches the strip edges. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Kogan, V.G.; Mints, R.G.

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Power dissipation in a single molecule junction: Tracking energy levels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Motivated by recent work [Lee et al. Nature {\\bf 489}, 209 (2013)], on asymmetry features of heat dissipation in the electrodes of molecular junctions, we put forward an idea as a result of heat dissipation in the electrodes. Based on tight-binding model and a generalized Green's function formalism, we describe the conditions under which heat dissipation shows symmetry characteristic and does not depend on the bias polarity. We also show the power dissipated in the junction can be used to detect which energy levels of molecule junction play more or less role in the transmission process. We present this idea by studying a simple toy model and Au-$C_{60}$-Au junction.

Yaghoob Naimi; Javad Vahedi

2014-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

217

Heterojunction for Multi-Junction Solar Cells - Energy Innovation...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for use in forming a photodetector that has applications for use in a multi-junction solar cell and detecting light at an energy greater than 0.95-1.2 eV. DescriptionThis...

218

Low-frequency magnetic and resistance noise in magnetic tunnel junctions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have studied the voltage fluctuations of current-biased, micron-scale magnetic tunnel junctions. We find that the spectral power density is 1/f-like at low frequencies and becomes frequency independent at high frequencies. The frequency-independent background noise is due to Johnson-Nyquist noise and shot noise mechanisms. The nature of the 1/f noise has its origin in two different mechanisms. In the magnetic hysteresis loops this noise power is strongly field-dependent and is due to thermal magnetization fluctuations in both the “free” and “fixed” magnetic layers. We attribute these magnetic fluctuations to thermally excited hopping of magnetic domain walls between pinning sites. At high temperatures, this magnetic noise is found to track the dc resistance susceptibility but it is not in quantitative agreement with the fluctuation dissipation relation, indicating that the magnetic structure is not in equilibrium. A second mechanism for the 1/f noise, connected with defects in the tunnel barrier but not related to the overall magnetization fluctuations, was found at fields for which the magnetic structure in the free and fixed layers is well aligned. We attribute this noise to electron trapping processes having thermally activated kinetics and a broad distribution of activation energies. Below ?25 K the noise power is temperature independent suggesting that the kinetics are dominated by tunneling. Our results show that the thermal stability of both the magnetic layers and the quality of the tunnel barrier are important factors in reducing the low-frequency noise in magnetic tunnel junctions.

L. Jiang; E. R. Nowak; P. E. Scott; J. Johnson; J. M. Slaughter; J. J. Sun; R. W. Dave

2004-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

219

From Josephson junction metamaterials to tunable pseudo-cavities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The scattering through a Josephson junction interrupting a superconducting line is revisited including power leakage. We discuss also how to make tunable and broadband resonant mirrors by concatenating junctions. As an application, we show how to construct cavities using these mirrors, thus connecting two research fields: JJ quantum metamaterials and coupled cavity arrays. We finish by discussing the first non-linear corrections to the scattering and their measurable effects.

D. Zueco; C. Fernández-Juez; J. Yago; U. Naether; B. Peropadre; J. J. García-Ripoll; J. J. Mazo

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

220

High-frequency wave sources using Josephson-junction arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results from Josephson-junction arrays used as high-frequency wave sources are presented. Phase-locked Josephson-junction arrays having a large number of junctions were developed to meet the need for compact submillimeter-wave sources for use in such applications as satellite communications are receivers for radioastronomical observations. The design, fabrication processes, and measurement are discussed. Distributed arrays of 40 junctions in which all Josephson junctions are placed at wavelength intervals were fabricated and tested. Such arrays can deliver about 1 [mu]W of power into a 20-60 [Omega] load resistor in the frequency ranger from 100 to 500 GHz, the upper limit being set by the large loss of the superconducting microstrip. Compact arrays were designed and fabricated to eliminate the loss of the superconducting microstrip. Those arrays have also demonstrated an output power level about 1 [mu]W into a 15 [Omega] load from 100 GHz up to 620 GHz. Characteristics of the Josephson junction source, including the power level, impedance matching, the tunability, the radiation linewidth, and tuning rate (or frequency-modulation) are discussed.

Wan, Kelin.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "junction adjacent layers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Building biomedical materials layer-by-layer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this materials perspective, the promise of water based layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly as a means of generating drug-releasing surfaces for biomedical applications, from small molecule therapeutics to biologic drugs and ...

Hammond, Paula T.

222

Superconducting structure with layers of niobium nitride and aluminum nitride  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A superconducting structure is formed by depositing alternate layers of aluminum nitride and niobium nitride on a substrate. Deposition methods include dc magnetron reactive sputtering, rf magnetron reactive sputtering, thin-film diffusion, chemical vapor deposition, and ion-beam deposition. Structures have been built with layers of niobium nitride and aluminum nitride having thicknesses in a range of 20 to 350 Angstroms. Best results have been achieved with films of niobium nitride deposited to a thickness of approximately 70 Angstroms and aluminum nitride deposited to a thickness of approximately 20 Angstroms. Such films of niobium nitride separated by a single layer of aluminum nitride are useful in forming Josephson junctions. Structures of 30 or more alternating layers of niobium nitride and aluminum nitride are useful when deposited on fixed substrates or flexible strips to form bulk superconductors for carrying electric current. They are also adaptable as voltage-controlled microwave energy sources.

Murduck, James M. (Lisle, IL); Lepetre, Yves J. (Lauris, FR); Schuller, Ivan K. (Woodridge, IL); Ketterson, John B. (Evanston, IL)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Superconducting structure with layers of niobium nitride and aluminum nitride  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A superconducting structure is formed by depositing alternate layers of aluminum nitride and niobium nitride on a substrate. Deposition methods include dc magnetron reactive sputtering, rf magnetron reactive sputtering, thin-film diffusion, chemical vapor deposition, and ion-beam deposition. Structures have been built with layers of niobium nitride and aluminum nitride having thicknesses in a range of 20 to 350 Angstroms. Best results have been achieved with films of niobium nitride deposited to a thickness of approximately 70 Angstroms and aluminum nitride deposited to a thickness of approximately 20 Angstroms. Such films of niobium nitride separated by a single layer of aluminum nitride are useful in forming Josephson junctions. Structures of 30 or more alternating layers of niobium nitride and aluminum nitride are useful when deposited on fixed substrates or flexible strips to form bulk superconductors for carrying electric current. They are also adaptable as voltage-controlled microwave energy sources. 8 figs.

Murduck, J.M.; Lepetre, Y.J.; Schuller, I.K.; Ketterson, J.B.

1989-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

224

Hybrid male sterility in rice controlled by interaction between divergent alleles of two adjacent genes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hybrid male sterility in rice controlled by interaction between divergent alleles of two adjacent, Kobe, Japan, October 9, 2008 (received for review July 27, 2008) Sterility is common in hybrids between). Although multiple loci for plant hybrid sterility have been identified, it remains unknown how alleles

Nachman, Michael

225

Nekton Density Patterns in Tidal Ponds and Adjacent Wetlands Related to Pond Size and Salinity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

appeared to be structured by the responses of individual species to the estuarine salinity gradient shown that nekton abundance can be affected by salinity gradients in estuaries (Baltz et al. 1993, 1998Nekton Density Patterns in Tidal Ponds and Adjacent Wetlands Related to Pond Size and Salinity

226

Advancements in accuracy of the alanine EPR dosimetry Part III: Usefulness of an adjacent reference sample  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advancements in accuracy of the alanine EPR dosimetry system Part III: Usefulness of an adjacent Instruments, Inc, EPR Division, Billerica, MA 01821-3957, USA Received 26 January 2000; accepted 28 February Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) spectral analysis. Small uncontrollable variations of the EPR spectrometer

227

Remarkable progress in thin-film silicon solar cells using high-efficiency triple-junction technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Despite the many advantages of thin-film silicon (Si) solar cells, their low efficiencies remain a challenge that must be overcome. Efficient light utilization across the solar spectrum is required to achieve efficiencies over 15%, allowing them to be competitive with other solar cell technologies. To produce high-efficiency thin-film Si solar cells, we have developed triple-junction solar cell structures to enhance solar spectrum utilization. To maximize the light management, in-house ZnO:Al layers with high haze ratios and high transmittances were developed. In addition, novel doping layers, such as n-type microcrystalline silicon oxide (µc-SiOx:H), which has a very low refractive index, and p-type microcrystalline silicon oxide (µc-SiOx:H), which has a wide bandgap, were successfully applied to the optical reflector and the window layer, respectively. Thin-film quality control techniques for the deposition of hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) in the top cell, hydrogenated amorphous silicon-germanium (a-SiGe:H) or hydrogenated microcrystalline silicon (?c-Si:H) in the middle cell, and hydrogenated microcrystalline silicon (?c-Si:H) in the bottom cell were also important factors leading to the production of high-efficiency triple-junction solar cells. As a result of this work, an initial efficiency of 16.1% (in-house measurement) in the a-Si:H/a-SiGe:H/?c-Si:H stack and a stabilized efficiency of 13.4% (confirmed by NREL) in the a-Si:H/?c-Si:H/?c-Si:H stack were successfully achieved in a small-area triple-junction solar cell with dimensions of 1 cm×1 cm.

Soohyun Kim; Jin-Won Chung; Hyun Lee; Jinhee Park; Younho Heo; Heon-Min Lee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Fabrication and measurements of hybrid Nb/Al Josephson junctions and flux qubits with pi-shifters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe fabrication and testing of composite flux qubits combining Nb- and Al-based superconducting circuit technology. This hybrid approach to making qubits allows for employing pi-phase shifters fabricated using well-established Nb-based technology of superconductor-ferromagnet-superconductor Josephson junctions. The important feature here is to obtain high interface transparency between Nb and Al layers without degrading sub-micron shadow mask. We achieve this by in-situ Ar etching using e-beam gun. Shadow-evaporated Al/AlOx/Al Josephson junctions with Nb bias pads show the expected current-voltage characteristics with reproducible critical currents. Using this technique, we fabricated composite Nb/Al flux qubits with Nb/CuNi/Nb pi-shifters and measured their magnetic field response. The observed offset between the field responses of the qubits with and without pi-junction is attributed to the pi phase shift. The reported approach can be used for implementing a variety of hybrid Nb/Al superconducting quantum circuits.

A. V. Shcherbakova; K. G. Fedorov; K. V. Shulga; V. V. Ryazanov; V. V. Bolginov; V. A Oboznov; S. V. Egorov; V. O. Shkolnikov; M. J. Wolf; D. Beckmann; A. V. Ustinov

2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

229

Noise and microresonance of critical current in Josephson junction induced by Kondo trap states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the impact of trap states in the oxide layer of a superconducting tunnel junctions, on the fluctuation of the Josephson critical current, thus on coherence in superconducting qubits. Two mechanisms are usually considered: the current blockage due to repulsion at the occupied trap states, and the noise from electrons hopping across a trap. We extend previous studies of noninteracting traps to the case where the traps have on-site electron repulsion inside one ballistic channel. The repulsion not only allows the appropriate temperature dependence of 1/f noise, but also is a control to the coupling between the computational qubit and the spurious two-level systems inside the oxide dielectric. We use second order perturbation theory which allows to obtain analytical formulae for the interacting bound states and spectral weights, limited to small and intermediate repulsions. Remarkably, it still reproduces the main features of the model as identified from the Numerical Renormalization Group. We present ...

Ansari, Mohammad H

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Measure Guideline: Optimizing the Configuration of Flexible Duct Junction Boxes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This measure guideline offers additional recommendations to heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system designers for optimizing flexible duct, constant-volume HVAC systems using junction boxes within Air Conditioning Contractors of America (ACCA) Manual D guidance (Rutkowski, H. Manual D -- Residential Duct Systems, 3rd edition, Version 1.00. Arlington, VA: Air Conditioning Contractors of America, 2009.). IBACOS used computational fluid dynamics software to explore and develop guidance to better control the airflow effects of factors that may impact pressure losses within junction boxes among various design configurations (Beach, R., Prahl, D., and Lange, R. CFD Analysis of Flexible Duct Junction Box Design. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, submitted for publication 2013). These recommendations can help to ensure that a system aligns more closely with the design and the occupants' comfort expectations. Specifically, the recommendations described herein show how to configure a rectangular box with four outlets, a triangular box with three outlets, metal wyes with two outlets, and multiple configurations for more than four outlets. Designers of HVAC systems, contractors who are fabricating junction boxes on site, and anyone using the ACCA Manual D process for sizing duct runs will find this measure guideline invaluable for more accurately minimizing pressure losses when using junction boxes with flexible ducts.

Beach, R.; Burdick, A.

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Microwave coupling of frequency-locked Josephson junction arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A high temperature superconducting YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub y} array of five Josephson junctions designed with additional coupling lines has been developed to demonstrate the effects of frequency locking and impedance matching for applications such as oscillators, mixers, and detectors. The Josephson self-radiation power was directly detected by a superheterodyne receiver, and Shapiro steps were also measured. The Josephson self-radiation properties reveal good quality of phase locking and microwave coupling with external circuits. The maximum self-radiation power of our array is about 50 pW which is several ten times higher than that of a single Josephson junction, and its peak point exactly satisfies the Josephson current-voltage relation. The Shapiro-step measurements show that the behavior of current-voltage curve depends on the effective inductance of coupling lines which affects the total impedance of Josephson junction array and microwave coupling. The Josephson oscillation frequency was obtained up to about 880 GHz which is 73{percent} of the maximum available frequency calculated from the characteristic voltage of the Josephson junctions. Experimental results show that this type of Josephson junction array can improve the Josephson self-radiation power and increase the maximum detectable frequency. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Song, I.; Eom, Y.; Park, G. [Department of Physics, Sogang University, Seoul 100-611 (Korea)] [Department of Physics, Sogang University, Seoul 100-611 (Korea); Lee, E.; Park, S. [Electronic Materials Laboratory, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Suwon (Korea)] [Electronic Materials Laboratory, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Suwon (Korea)

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Theoretical exploration of Josephson Plasma Emission in Intrinsic Josephson Junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, the authors theoretically predict the best efficient way for electromagnetic wave emission by Josephson plasma excitation in intrinsic Josephson junctions. First, they briefly derive basic equations describing dynamics of phase differences inside junction sites in intrinsic Josephson junctions, and review the nature of Josephson plasma excitation modes based on the equations. Especially, they make an attention to that Josephson plasma modes have much different dispersion relations depending on the propagating directions and their different modes can be recognized as N standing waves propagating along ah-plane in cases of finite stacked systems composed of N junctions. Second, they consider how to excite their modes and point out that excitations of in-phase mode with the highest propagation velocity among their N modes are the most efficient way for electromagnetic wave emissions. Finally, they clarify that in-phase excitations over all junctions are possible by using Josephson vortex flow states. They show simulation results of Josephson vortex flow states resonating with some Josephson plasma modes and predict that superradiance of electromagnetic field may occur in rectangular vortex flow state in which spatiotemporal oscillations of electromagnetic fields are perfectly in-phase.

Tachiki, M.; Machida, M.

2000-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

233

Interference effects in isolated Josephson junction arrays with geometric symmetries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As the size of a Josephson junction is reduced, charging effects become important and the superconducting phase across the link turns into a periodic quantum variable. Isolated Josephson junction arrays are described in terms of such periodic quantum variables and thus exhibit pronounced quantum interference effects arising from paths with different winding numbers (Aharonov-Casher effects). These interference effects have strong implications for the excitation spectrum of the array which are relevant in applications of superconducting junction arrays for quantum computing. The interference effects are most pronounced in arrays composed of identical junctions and possessing geometric symmetries; they may be controlled by either external gate potentials or by adding/removing charge to/from the array. Here we consider a loop of N identical junctions encircling one half superconducting quantum of magnetic flux. In this system, the ground state is found to be non-degenerate if the total number of Cooper pairs on the array is divisible by N, and doubly degenerate otherwise (after the stray charges are compensated by the gate voltages).

D. A. Ivanov; L. B. Ioffe; V. B. Geshkenbein; G. Blatter

2001-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

234

Breathers in Josephson junction ladders: Resonances and electromagnetic wave spectroscopy A. E. Miroshnichenko, S. Flach, and M. V. Fistul  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Breathers in Josephson junction ladders: Resonances and electromagnetic wave spectroscopy A. E localized states discrete breathers and linear electromagnetic excitations EE's in Josephson junction lattices 6 , and localized resistive states in Josephson junction arrays 7­10 . The latter systems

Flach, Sergej

235

City of Grand Junction, Iowa (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Grand Junction City of Grand Junction City of Place Iowa Utility Id 7486 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Electric Commercial Demand Service Commercial Residential Eletric Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1340/kWh Commercial: $0.1300/kWh Industrial: $0.0899/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_Grand_Junction,_Iowa_(Utility_Company)&oldid=409673

236

NREL: Awards and Honors - Triple-Junction Terrestrial Concentrator Solar  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Triple-Junction Terrestrial Concentrator Solar Cell Triple-Junction Terrestrial Concentrator Solar Cell Developers: Dr. Jerry Olson, Dr. Sarah Kurtz, Dr. Daniel Friedman, Alan Kibbler, and Charlene Karmer, National Renewable Energy Laboratory; Dr. Richard King, Jim Ermer, Dmitri D. Krut, Hector Cotal, Peter Colter, Hojun Yoon, Nassar Karam, and Gregory S. Glenn, Spectrolab, Inc. The triple-junction solar cell - or TJ solar cell - generates a lot of energy from just a very little amount of material. How much energy? A 1-cm2 cell can generate as much as 35 W of power and produce as much as 86.3 kWh of electricity during a typical year under a Phoenix, AZ sun. This means that 100 to 150 of these cells could produce enough electricity to power the typical American household. This cell can do this, first, because it

237

Bloch Inductance in Small-Capacitance Josephson Junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We show that the electrical impedance of a small-capacitance Josephson junction also includes, in addition to the capacitive term -i/{omega}C{sub B}, an inductive term i{omega}L{sub B}. Similar to the known Bloch capacitance C{sub B}(q), the Bloch inductance L{sub B}(q) also depends periodically on the quasicharge, q, and its maximum value achieved at q=e(mod 2e) always exceeds the value of the Josephson inductance of this junction L{sub J}({phi}) at fixed {phi}=0. The effect of the Bloch inductance on the dynamics of a single junction and a one-dimensional array is described.

Zorin, A.B. [Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Bundesallee 100, 38116 Braunschweig (Germany)

2006-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

238

Physical understanding of cryogenic implant benefits for electrical junction stability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the effect of cryogenic temperature implants on electrical junction stability for ultra shallow junction applications for sub-32 nm technology nodes and beyond. A comprehensive study was conducted to gain physical understanding of the impact of cryogenic temperature implants on dopant-defect interactions. Carborane (C{sub 2}B{sub 10}H{sub 12}) molecule, a potential alternative to monomer boron was implanted in carbon preamorphized silicon substrates at cryogenic implant temperatures. Results indicate implants at cryogenic temperatures increase dopant activation with reduced diffusion, resulting in lower sheet resistance for a lower junction depth. Further, this study emphasizes the benefits of co-implants performed at cryogenic temperatures as alternative to traditional preamorphizing implants.

Adeni Khaja, Fareen; Colombeau, Benjamin; Thanigaivelan, Thirumal; Ramappa, Deepak; Henry, Todd [Applied Materials-Varian Semiconductor Equipment, 35 Dory Road, Gloucester, Massachusetts 01930 (United States)

2012-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

239

Escape Time of Josephson Junctions for Signal Detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this Chapter we investigate with the methods of signal detection the response of a Josephson junction to a perturbation to decide if the perturbation contains a coherent oscillation embedded in the background noise. When a Josephson Junction is irradiated by an external noisy source, it eventually leaves the static state and reaches a steady voltage state. The appearance of a voltage step allows to measure the time spent in the metastable state before the transition to the running state, thus defining an escape time. The distribution of the escape times depends upon the characteristics of the noise and the Josephson junction. Moreover, the properties of the distribution depends on the features of the signal (amplitude, frequency and phase), which can be therefore inferred through the appropriate signal processing methods. Signal detection with JJ is interesting for practical purposes, inasmuch as the superconductive elements can be (in principle) cooled to the absolute zero and therefore can add (in practi...

Addesso, P; Pierro, V

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Comparison of measurements and simulations of series-parallel incommensurate area SQUID arrays fabricated from Y Ba Cu O ion damage Josephson junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3 O 7?? ion damage Josephson junctions Shane A. Cybart, 1,2 Cu 3 O 7?? thin ?lm ion damage Josephson junctions. Theconsisted of a grid of Josephson junctions with 28 junctions

Cybart, Shane A.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "junction adjacent layers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Exact Quantum Dynamics of a Bosonic Josephson Junction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The quantum dynamics of a one-dimensional bosonic Josephson junction is studied by solving the time-dependent many-boson Schroedinger equation numerically exactly. Already for weak interparticle interactions and on short time scales, the commonly employed mean-field and many-body methods are found to deviate substantially from the exact dynamics. The system exhibits rich many-body dynamics such as enhanced tunneling and a novel equilibration phenomenon of the junction depending on the interaction, which is attributed to a quick loss of coherence.

Sakmann, Kaspar; Streltsov, Alexej I.; Alon, Ofir E.; Cederbaum, Lorenz S. [Theoretische Chemie, Physikalisch-Chemisches Institut, Universitaet Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 229, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany)

2009-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

242

Exact quantum dynamics of a bosonic Josephson junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The quantum dynamics of a one-dimensional bosonic Josephson junction is studied by solving the time-dependent many-boson Schr\\"odinger equation numerically exactly. Already for weak interparticle interactions and on short time scales, the commonly-employed mean-field and many-body methods are found to deviate substantially from the exact dynamics. The system exhibits rich many-body dynamics like enhanced tunneling and a novel equilibration phenomenon of the junction depending on the interaction, attributed to a quick loss of coherence.

Kaspar Sakmann; Alexej I. Streltsov; Ofir E. Alon; Lorenz S. Cederbaum

2009-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

243

Observation of negative absolute resistance in a Josephson junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We experimentally demonstrate the occurrence of negative absolute resistance (NAR) up to about $-1\\Omega$ in response to an externally applied dc current for a shunted Nb-Al/AlO$_x$-Nb Josephson junction, exposed to a microwave current at frequencies in the GHz range. The realization (or not) of NAR depends crucially on the amplitude of the applied microwave current. Theoretically, the system is described by means of the resistively and capacitively shunted junction model in terms of a moderately damped, classical Brownian particle dynamics in a one-dimensional potential. We find excellent agreement of the experimental results with numerical simulations of the model.

J. Nagel; D. Speer; T. Gaber; A. Sterck; R. Eichhorn; P. Reimann; K. Ilin; M. Siegel; D. Koelle; R. Kleiner

2008-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

244

Testing axion physics in a Josephson junction environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We suggest that experiments based on Josephson junctions, SQUIDS, and coupled Josephson qubits can be used to construct a resonant environment for dark matter axions. We propose experimental setups in which axionic interaction strengths in a Josephson junction environment can be tested, similar in nature to recent experiments that test for quantum entanglement of two coupled Josephson qubits. We point out that the parameter values relevant for early-universe axion cosmology are accessible with present day's achievements in nanotechnology. We work out how typical dark matter and dark energy signals would look like in a novel detector that exploits this effect.

Beck, Christian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Averaged equations for Josephson junction series arrays with LRC load  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive the averaged equations describing a series array of Josephson junctions shunted by a parallel inductor-resistor-capacitor load. We assume that the junctions have negligable capacitance ($\\beta = 0$), and derive averaged equations which turn out to be completely tractable: in particular the stability of both in-phase and splay states depends on a single parameter, $\\del$. We find an explicit expression for $\\delta$ in terms of the load parameters and the bias current. We recover (and refine) a common claim found in the technical literature, that the in-phase state is stable for inductive loads and unstable for capacitive loads.

Kurt Wiesenfeld; James W. Swift

1994-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

246

Testing axion physics in a Josephson junction environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We suggest that experiments based on Josephson junctions, SQUIDS, and coupled Josephson qubits can be used to construct a resonant environment for dark matter axions. We propose experimental setups in which axionic interaction strengths in a Josephson junction environment can be tested, similar in nature to recent experiments that test for quantum entanglement of two coupled Josephson qubits. We point out that the parameter values relevant for early-universe axion cosmology are accessible with present day's achievements in nanotechnology. We work out how typical dark matter and dark energy signals would look like in a novel detector that exploits this effect.

Christian Beck

2011-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

247

Three-dimensional Josephson-junction arrays: Static magnetic response  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work we present a simple three-dimensional Josephson-junction array model: a cube with twelve junctions, one on each edge. The low-field magnetic response of the system is studied numerically for arbitrary directions of the applied field. In this model the magnetic energy of the circulating currents is taken into account by introducing an effective mutual inductance matrix. The lower threshold field for flux penetration is determined in a closed analytic form for field directions perpendicular to one cube side. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}

De Luca, R.; Di Matteo, T. [INFM-Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita degli Studi di Salerno, I-84081 Baronissi (Salerno) (Italy)] [INFM-Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita degli Studi di Salerno, I-84081 Baronissi (Salerno) (Italy); Tuohimaa, A.; Paasi, J. [Laboratory of Electricity and Magnetism, Tampere University of Technology, FIN-33101 Tampere (Finland)] [Laboratory of Electricity and Magnetism, Tampere University of Technology, FIN-33101 Tampere (Finland)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

EA-1338: Transfer of the Department of Energy Grand Junction Office to  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

8: Transfer of the Department of Energy Grand Junction Office 8: Transfer of the Department of Energy Grand Junction Office to Non-DOE Ownership, Grand Junction, Colorado EA-1338: Transfer of the Department of Energy Grand Junction Office to Non-DOE Ownership, Grand Junction, Colorado SUMMARY This EA evaluates the environmental impacts for the proposed transfer of real and personal property at the U.S. Department of Energy's Grand Junction Office to non-DOE ownership. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD April 25, 2000 EA-1338: Finding of No Significant Impact Transfer of the Department of Energy Grand Junction Office to Non-DOE Ownership April 25, 2000 EA-1338: Final Environmental Assessment Transfer of the Department of Energy Grand Junction Office to Non-DOE Ownership

249

Annexin A2 is Required for Endothelial Cell Junctional Response to S1P  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Endothelial cell (EC) junctions are critical for angiogenesis, the sprouting and growth of new blood vessels from existing vessels. Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is a proangiogenic factor that potently stimulates sprouting, fortifies EC junctions...

Smith, Rebecca

2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

250

Interaction of Josephson Junction and Distant Vortex in Narrow Thin-Film Superconducting Strips  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The phase difference between the banks of an edge-type planar Josephson junction crossing the narrow thin-film strip depends on wether or not vortices are present in the junction banks. For a vortex close to the junction this effect has been seen by Golod, Rydh, and Krasnov [Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 227003 (2010)], who showed that the vortex may turn the junction into ? type. It is shown here that even if the vortex is far away from the junction, it still changes the 0 junction to a ? junction when situated close to the strip edges. Within the approximation used, the effect is independent of the vortex-junction separation, a manifestation of the topology of the vortex phase which extends to macroscopic distances of superconducting coherence.

Kogan, V. G. [Ames Laboratory; Mints, R. G. [Tel Aviv University

2014-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

251

E-Print Network 3.0 - alter tight junction Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

if the read-out junction is in the underdamped phase... cheerful atmosphere in the Josephson junctions ii tel-00586075,version1-14Apr2011 12;iii group and thank......

252

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered tight junction Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

if the read-out junction is in the underdamped phase... cheerful atmosphere in the Josephson junctions ii tel-00586075,version1-14Apr2011 12;iii group and thank......

253

Low-Resolution Reconstruction of a Synthetic DNA Holliday Junction Marcelo Nollmann,*y  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low-Resolution Reconstruction of a Synthetic DNA Holliday Junction Marcelo No¨llmann,*y W. Marshall

Nollmann, Marcelo

254

Optimized Triple-Junction Solar Cells Using Inverted Metamorphic Approach (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Record efficiencies with triple-junction inverted metamorphic designs, modeling useful to optimize, and consider operating conditions before choosing design.

Geisz, J. F.

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Earth's Core Hottest Layer  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Earth's Core Hottest Layer Earth's Core Hottest Layer Name: Alfred Status: Grade: 6-8 Location: FL Country: USA Date: Spring 2011 Question: Why is the inner core the hottest layer? How is that possible? Replies: There are two factors causing the center of the Earth hotter than various layers of the Earth's. First, the more dense is the layer. The denser layer, the hotter it will be. In addition, the source of the heating is due to heat produced by nuclear decay. These substances tend to be more dense than lower dense substances. So the source of heat (temperature) is higher, the greater will be the temperature. Having said all that, the reasons are rather more complicated in the "real" Earth. If the inner layers were less dense they would rise (bubble) to the "surface" leaving the inner layers more dense and thus hotter layers.

256

Novel InGaAsN pn Junction for High-Efficiency Multiple-Junction Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the application of a novel material, InGaAsN, with bandgap energy of 1.05 eV as a junction in an InGaP/GaAs/InGaAsN/Ge 4-junction design. Results of the growth and structural, optical, and electrical properties were demonstrated, showing the promising perspective of this material for ultra high efficiency solar cells. Photovoltaic properties of an as-grown pn diode structure and improvement through post growth annealing were also discussed.

Allerman, A.A.; Chang, P.C.; Gee, J.M.; Hammons, B.E.; Hou, H.Q.; Jones, E.D.; Kurtz, S.R.; Reinhardt, K.C.

1999-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

257

Quantum Monte Carlo study of a disordered 2D Josephson junction array  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum Monte Carlo study of a disordered 2D Josephson junction array W.A. Al-Saidi *, D. Stroud reserved. PACS: 74.25.Dw; 05.30.Jp; 85.25.Cp Keywords: Josephson junctions; Quantum Monte Carlo; Disorder 1. Introduction A Josephson junction array (JJA) consists of a collection of superconducting islands connected

Stroud, David

258

The chaotic oscillations of a Josephson junction with external magnetic field  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using the Melnikov Method the oscillation of a single Josephson junction with external magnetic field and DC bias is analyzed. Under the external magnetic field the junction can operate in chaos even if there is no bias. The numerical results show that in dependence on some parameters the Josephson junction with external magnetic field will go from stable periodic states to chaotic states.

Ma, J.G.; Wolff, I. [Duisburg Univ. (Germany). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Washing out of the 0-transition in Josephson junctions R. Avriller1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Washing out of the 0- transition in Josephson junctions R. Avriller1 and F. Pistolesi1 1 Univ: July 21, 2014) We consider a Josephson junction formed by a quantum dot connected to two bulk numbers: 73.23.-b, 74.25.F-, 74.50.+r, 74.45.+c Introduction.-- The Josephson junction is a fun- damental

Boyer, Edmond

260

Fluxon Dynamics and Radiation Emission in Twofold Long Josephson Junction Stacks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fluxon Dynamics and Radiation Emission in Twofold Long Josephson Junction Stacks Andreas Wallraff¨ulich (KFA) January 27, 1997 #12;#12; Contents Introduction 1 1 Basic properties of Josephson junctions 5 2 Electrodynamics in long Josephson junctions 11 3 Radiation emission by stacked flux­flow oscillators 29 1

Leonardo, Degiorgi

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "junction adjacent layers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Collapse of superconductivity in a hybrid tin-graphene Josephson junction array  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Collapse of superconductivity in a hybrid tin-graphene Josephson junction array Zheng Han1 of the Josephson junction array into a zero-temperature metallic state. The suppression of proximity, models involving specific types of Josephson junction arrays in which superconducting disks are coupled

Boyer, Edmond

262

Resonant plasmon scattering by discrete breathers in Josephson junction ladders A. E. Miroshnichenko,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Resonant plasmon scattering by discrete breathers in Josephson junction ladders A. E scattering by discrete breathers in Josephson junction ladders. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.71.174306 PACS number Josephson junction systems,2 coupled nonlinear optical waveguides,3 lattice vi- brations in crystals,4

Flach, Sergej

263

Andreev-level spectroscopy and Josephson-current switching in a three-terminal Josephson junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Andreev-level spectroscopy and Josephson-current switching in a three-terminal Josephson junction H held in thermodynamic equilibrium with the two superconducting contacts of a Josephson junction. When levels. The additional normal-metal probe coupled to the Josephson junction, shown in Fig. 1, models

Demir, Hilmi Volkan

264

Resonant plasmon scattering by discrete breathers in Josephson junction ladders A. E. Miroshnichenko,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Resonant plasmon scattering by discrete breathers in Josephson junction ladders A. E in Josephson junction ladders. We predict the existence of Fano resonances, and find them by computing in the plasmon scattering by discrete breathers in Josephson junction ladders. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.71

265

Pinned fluxons in a Josephson junction with a finite-length inhomogeneity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pinned fluxons in a Josephson junction with a finite-length inhomogeneity Gianne Derks , Arjen Doelman Christopher J.K. Knight§ , Hadi Susanto¶ July 5, 2011 Abstract We consider a Josephson junction as limits of our results on microresonators. Keywords: Josephson junction, inhomogeneous sine

Wirosoetisno, Djoko

266

Quantum Coherence in a Superfluid Josephson Junction Supradeep Narayana and Yuki Sato  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum Coherence in a Superfluid Josephson Junction Supradeep Narayana and Yuki Sato The Rowland in which we take an array of nanoscale apertures that form a superfluid 4He Josephson junction and apply Josephson junctions as well as phase coherence among the superfluid aperture array are discussed. DOI: 10

Sato, Yuki

267

Pinned fluxons in a Josephson junction with a finite-length inhomogeneity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pinned fluxons in a Josephson junction with a finite-length inhomogeneity Gianne Derks , Arjen as limits of our results on microresonators. Keywords: Josephson junction, inhomogeneous sine Josephson junction tt = xx - D sin() + - t, (1) where x and t are the spatial and temporal variable

Doelman, Arjen

268

Three-dimensional Josephson junction networks with coupling inhomogeneities in magnetic fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Three-dimensional Josephson junction networks with coupling inhomogeneities in magnetic fields A on the static magnetic response of a three-dimensional 8 · 8 · 8 network of Josephson junctions is studied of one-dimensional and two-dimensional Josephson junction networks (1D, 2D-JJNs) has been extensively

Di Matteo, Tiziana

269

Direct Observation of Dynamical Bifurcation in a Superfluid Josephson Junction Supradeep Narayana and Yuki Sato  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Direct Observation of Dynamical Bifurcation in a Superfluid Josephson Junction Supradeep Narayana Josephson junction. We excite the superfluid plasma resonance into a nonlinear regime by driving below.205302 PACS numbers: 67.25.dg, 07.60.Ly, 47.20.Ky, 85.25.Cp A superfluid Josephson junction is formed

Sato, Yuki

270

Nanomechanical-resonator-induced synchronization in Josephson junction arrays B. R. Trees* and S. Natu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and an interaction energy due to the piezo- electric effect between the NEM and the junctions. Phase lockingNanomechanical-resonator-induced synchronization in Josephson junction arrays B. R. Trees* and S that includes the following effects: the charging and Josephson energies of the junctions, dissipation

Stroud, David

271

Josephson-junction arrays with long-range interactions J. Kent Harbaugh and D. Stroud  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Josephson-junction arrays with long-range interactions J. Kent Harbaugh and D. Stroud Department-voltage (IV) characteristics of a Josephson-junction array with long-range inter- actions. The array consists of two sets of equally spaced parallel superconducting wires placed at right angles. A Josephson junction

Stroud, David

272

Quantum phase transitions and persistent currents in Josephson-junction ladders Minchul Lee  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum phase transitions and persistent currents in Josephson-junction ladders Minchul Lee- dimensional Josephson-junction arrays. We will focus particularly on the roles of excitonlike pairs.40.Db, 73.23.Hk I. INTRODUCTION Systems of Josephson junctions between small supercon- ducting grains

Choi, Mahn-Soo

273

Depinning of kinks in a Josephson-junction ratchet array E. Trias,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Depinning of kinks in a Josephson-junction ratchet array E. Tri´as,1 J. J. Mazo,1,2 F. Falo,2 and T kinks in a ratchet potential using a fabricated circular array of Josephson junctions. Our ratchet . Josephson junctions are solid state realizations of a simple pendulum. By coupling them, it is possible

Orlando, Terry P.

274

Switching current measurements of large area Josephson tunnel junctions A. Wallraff,a)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the potential. This corresponds to a transition of the Josephson junction from a superconducting zero the system is coupled. Thermal activation TA in a current-biased Josephson junction has been studied both damping.11,12 At low temperatures the quantum mechanical properties of Josephson junctions have been

Wallraff, Andreas

275

Optical and carrier transport properties of graphene oxide based crystalline-Si/organic Schottky junction solar cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigated the graphene oxide (GO) based n-type crystalline silicon (c-Si)/conductive poly(ethylene dioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate)(PEDOT:PSS) Schottky junction devices with optical characterization and carrier transport measurement techniques. The optical transmittance in the UV region decreased markedly for the films with increasing the concentration of GO whereas it increased markedly in the visible-infrared regions. Spectroscopic ellipsometry revealed that the ordinary and extraordinary index of refraction increased with increasing the concentration of GO. The hole mobility also increased from 1.14 for pristine film to 1.85 cm{sup 2}/V s for the 12–15?wt. % GO modified film with no significant increases of carrier concentration. The highest conductivity was found for a 15?wt. % GO modified PEDOT:PSS film: the c-Si/PEDOT:PSS:GO device using this sample exhibited a relatively high power conversion efficiency of 11.04%. In addition, the insertion of a 2–3?nm-thick GO thin layer at the c-Si/PEDOT:PSS interface suppressed the carrier recombination efficiency of dark electron and photo-generated hole at the anode, resulting in the increased photovoltaic performance. This study indicates that the GO can be good candidates for hole transporting layer of c-Si/PEDOT:PSS Schottky junction solar cell.

Khatri, I.; Tang, Z.; Hiate, T.; Liu, Q.; Ishikawa, R.; Ueno, K.; Shirai, H. [Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saitama University, Saitama 338-8570 (Japan)

2013-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

276

Determination of the current density distribution in Josephson junctions.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A technique is described for recovering the missing phase information for a set of critical current measurements as a function of an applied magnetic field I{sub c}(B). In many cases the current density j(x) across the boundary for a Josephson junction can be determined.

Carmody, M; Landree, E.; Marks, L. D.; Merkle, K. L.; Northwestern Univ.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Tunneling Qubit Operation on a Protected Josephson Junction Array  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss a protected quantum computation process based on a hexagon Josephson junction array. Qubits are encoded in the punctured array, which is topologically protected. The degeneracy is related to the number of holes. The topological degeneracy is lightly shifted by tuning the flux through specific hexagons. We also show how to perform single qubit operation and basic quantum gate operations in this system.

Zhi Yin; Sheng-Wen Li; Yi-Xin Chen

2010-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

278

Topological order in Josephson junction ladders with Mobius boundary conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a CFT description for a closed one-dimensional fully frustrated ladder of quantum Josephson junctions with Mobius boundary conditions, in particular we show how such a system can develop topological order. Such a property is crucial for its implementation as a "protected" solid state qubit.

G. Cristofano; V. Marotta; A. Naddeo

2005-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

279

Particle pulses from superconducting aluminum tunnel junction detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Superconducting aluminum tunnel junctions have been developed for use as particle detectors. This paper presents results on static characteristics of these devices. We also present results from tests of these detectors with 6-keV X-rays. An extrapolation of the properties of these detectors to one suitable for dark-matter detectors is discussed.

Stricker, D.A.; Bing, D.D.; Bland, R.W.; Dickson, S.C.; Dignan, T.; Johnson, R.T.; Lockhart, J.M.; Laws, K.; Simon, M.W.; Watson, R. (San Francisco State Univ., Physics and Astronomy Dept. San Francisco, CA (US))

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Nonequilibrium electron tunneling in metal-insulator-metal junctions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The small structure in the conductance curve near zero bias of metal-insulator-metal tunnel junctions has been studied extensively. These experiments are analyzed in detail in a nonequilibrium model. It is shown that this type of zero-bias anomaly can be accounted for entirely by an electron bottleneck arising from the blocking of tunneling states due to nonzero electron relaxation times.

J. G. Adler; H. J. Kreuzer; J. Straus

1975-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "junction adjacent layers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Growth sequence and interface formation in the Fe/MgO/Fe(001) tunnel junction analyzed by surface x-ray diffraction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a surface x-ray diffraction study of the interface geometric structure in the Fe/MgO/Fe(001) magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ). While the lower MgO/Fe(001) interface is characterized by a substoichiometric FeO{sub x} (x=0.6{+-}0.1) layer in agreement with previous studies, growth of Fe on the MgO spacer and the upper Fe/MgO interface structure strongly depends on the preparation method. If 0.4 monolayers of Fe are initially deposited in ambient oxygen atmosphere (p=10{sup -7} mbar) followed by Fe deposition under ultrahigh-vacuum (UHV) conditions, structural coherence across the trilayer junction is observed. In this case, substoichiometric FeO{sub x} layers are present at both Fe/MgO interfaces corresponding to a symmetric MTJ structure. In contrast, lattice registry is not preserved if Fe deposition is carried out solely under UHV conditions. Our results might have important implications for the preparation of magnetic tunnel junctions optimized to achieve giant tunneling-magnetoresistance amplitudes.

Tusche, C.; Meyerheim, H. L.; Kirschner, J. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Mikrostrukturphysik, Weinberg 2, D-06120 Halle (Germany); Jedrecy, N. [Institut des NanoSciences de Paris, Universites Paris 6 et 7 et CNRS-UMR 7588, 4 place Jussieu, F-75252 Paris Cedex 05 (France); Renaud, G. [CEA-Grenoble, 17 rue des Martyrs, F-38054 Grenoble (France)

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

282

Aluminum tunnel junction detector operation in an adiabatic demagnetization refrigerator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Superconducting tunnel junction detectors are being developed as both particle and X-ray detectors. Aluminum junctions are desirable for detectors because of their strong native oxide barriers, and because the small energy gap of aluminum is a good match to ballistic phonons generated by particle interactions in single crystals of silicon or other low acoustic-loss insulating crystals. Aluminum tunnel junction detectors must be operated near 0.1 T{sub C} which is 110 mK for aluminum. To operate detectors at these temperatures, we have developed adiabatic demagnetization refrigerators (ADRs) for the laboratory and prototype ADRs for space based operation. These cryogenic systems are simpler, more convenient and more portable than most dilution refrigerators. We have demonstrated that the magnetic field of the ADR need not compromise the performance of aluminum tunnel junctions. We have recently initiated a program to develop superconducting tunnel junctions (STJs) as high resolution X-ray detectors and low energy threshold particle detectors. This complements our existing program in which we are developing high resolution X-ray microcalorimeter detectors. One of our goals for both of these cryogenic detector development efforts is to observe X-ray emission from cosmic sources. This requires a refrigeration system that can operate under zero gravity space flight conditions. For the microcalorimeter project, temperatures of 100 mK and below are required to sufficiently reduce the heat capacity of the device. We have therefore developed an adiabatic demagnetization refrigerator (ADR) system which can be configured for space flight.

Labov, S.; Silver, E.; Le Gros, M. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)); Bland, R.W.; Dickson, S.C.; Dignan, T.G.; Laws, K.; Johnson, R.T.; Simon, M.W.; Stricker, D.A.; Watson, R.M. (San Francisco State Univ., CA (United States)); Madden, N.; Landis, D. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States))

1992-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

283

Literature and data review for the surface-water pathway: Columbia River and adjacent coastal areas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project, Pacific Northwest Laboratory reviewed literature and data on radionuclide concentrations and distribution in the water, sediment, and biota of the Columbia River and adjacent coastal areas. Over 600 documents were reviewed including Hanford reports, reports by offsite agencies, journal articles, and graduate theses. Certain radionuclide concentration data were used in preliminary estimates of individual dose for the 1964--1966 time period. This report summarizes the literature and database review and the results of the preliminary dose estimates.

Walters, W.H.; Dirkes, R.L.; Napier, B.A.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Quantum efficiency of a microwave photon detector based on a current-biased Josephson junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the quantum efficiency of a microwave photon detector based on a current-biased Josephson junction. We consider the Jaynes-Cummings Hamiltonian to describe coupling between the photon field and the junction. We then take into account coupling of the junction and the resonator to the environment. We solve the equation of motion of the density matrix of the resonator-junction system to compute the quantum efficiency of the detector as a function of detection time, bias current, and energy relaxation time. Our results indicate that junctions with modest coherence properties can provide efficient detection of single microwave photons, with quantum efficiency in excess of 80%.

Poudel, Amrit; Vavilov, Maxim G

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Mutual synchronization of two stacks of intrinsic Josephson junctions in cuprate superconductors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Certain high-T{sub c} cuprate superconductors, which naturally realize a stack of Josephson junctions, thus can be used to generate electromagnetic waves in the terahertz region. A plate-like single crystal with 10{sup 4} junctions without cavity resonance was proposed to achieve strong radiation. For this purpose, it is required to synchronize the Josephson plasma oscillation in all junctions. In this work, we propose to use two stacks of junctions shunted in parallel to achieve synchronization. The two stacks are mutually synchronized in the whole IV curve, and there is a phase shift between the plasma oscillation in the two stacks. The phase shift is nonzero when the number of junctions in different stacks is the same, while it can be arbitrary when the number of junctions is different. This phase shift can be tuned continuously by applying a magnetic field when all the junctions are connected by superconducting wires.

Lin, Shi-Zeng [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

286

Study of junction flows in louvered fin round tube heat exchangers using the dye injection technique  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Detailed studies of junction flows in heat exchangers with an interrupted fin design are rare. However, understanding these flow structures is important for design and optimization purposes, because the thermal hydraulic performance of heat exchangers is strongly related to the flow behaviour. In this study flow visualization experiments were performed in six scaled-up models of a louvered fin round tube heat exchanger. The models have three tube rows in a staggered layout and differ only in their fin spacing and louver angle. A water tunnel was designed and built and the flow visualizations were carried out using dye injection. At low Reynolds numbers the streakline follows the tube contours, while at higher Reynolds numbers a horseshoe vortex is developed ahead of the tubes. The two resulting streamwise vortex legs are destroyed by the downstream louvers (i.e. downstream the turnaround louver), especially at higher Reynolds numbers, smaller fin pitches and larger louver angles. Increasing the fin spacing results in a larger and stronger horseshoe vortex. This illustrates that a reduction of the fin spacing results in a dissipation of vortical motion by mechanical blockage and skin friction. Furthermore it was observed that the vortex strength and number of vortices in the second tube row is larger than in the first tube row. This is due to the thicker boundary layer in the second tube row, and the flow deflection, which is typical for louvered fin heat exchangers. Visualizations at the tube-louver junction showed that in the transition part between the angled louver and the flat landing a vortex is present underneath the louver surface which propagates towards the angled louver. (author)

Huisseune, H.; Willockx, A.; De Paepe, M. [Department of Flow, Heat and Combustion Mechanics, Ghent University, Sint-Pietersnieuwstraat 41, 9000 Gent (Belgium); T'Joen, C. [Department of Flow, Heat and Combustion Mechanics, Ghent University, Sint-Pietersnieuwstraat 41, 9000 Gent (Belgium); Department Radiation, Radionuclides and Reactors, Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 15, 2629 JB Delft (Netherlands); De Jaeger, P. [Department of Flow, Heat and Combustion Mechanics, Ghent University, Sint-Pietersnieuwstraat 41, 9000 Gent (Belgium); NV Bekaert SA, Bekaertstraat 2, 8550 Zwevegem (Belgium)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

287

Quantum Dissociation of a Vortex-Antivortex Pair in a Long Josephson Junction M.V. Fistul,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum Dissociation of a Vortex-Antivortex Pair in a Long Josephson Junction M.V. Fistul,1 A VAV pair manifests itself in a switching of the Josephson junction from the superconducting biased single Josephson junctions (JJs), various SQUIDs, and small Josephson junction arrays, contain

Wallraff, Andreas

288

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 87, 214511 (2013) Linewidth of the electromagnetic radiation from Josephson junctions near cavity resonances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

emission from intrinsic Josephson junctions in high-Tc cuprate superconductors has been detected recently for a single Josephson junction nor for a stack of the intrinsic Josephson junctions realized in cuprateRevB.87.214511 PACS number(s): 74.50.+r, 74.25.Gz, 85.25.Cp In a Josephson junction (JJ) biased by a dc

Alexei, Koshelev

289

Nest predation, predator abundance, and avian diversity in transmission line corridors and adjacent habitats in east central Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

corridors may have differential effects on wildlife communities in adjacent vegetation types in a heterogeneous landscape. I evaluated the effects of ROW corridors on avian and nest predator communities in forests and pastures in east central Texas in 1998...

Hubbard, Tani Ann

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Cover: PNNL's Photovoltaic array produces electricity for our super-computing facility and adjacent car charging stations. IN THIS REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and adjacent car charging stations. #12;IN THIS REPORT 2 Message From the Director 3 PNNL Overview 5 and greenhouse gas emissions Reducing material purchases and waste Minimizing use of water Keeping employees

291

Use of very-high-frequency plasmas to prepare a-Si:H-based triple-junction solar cells at high deposition rates: Annual technical status report, 11 March 1998--11 March 1999  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes work performed by Energy Conversion Devices, Inc. (ECD) during this phase of this subcontract. ECD researchers have made significant progress in advancing the very high frequency (VHF), high-rate technology. They demonstrated that 8.0% stable efficiencies can be achieved for a-Si:H cells whose i-layers are prepared at rates near 10 {angstrom}/s using the VHF technique. Presently, there is not a great difference in the performance of a-Si:H cells made using the VHF technique and i-layer deposition rates near 10 {angstrom}/s and that for cells made using the standard 13.56 MHz technique and rates near 1 {angstrom}/s in the same deposition system. In terms of the a-SiGe:H cells, researchers have completed a number of studies of devices with properties appropriate for middle-junction cells-that is, cells without Ag/ZnO back-reflectors having Voc values near 0.75V and Jsc values near 8.0 mA/cm{sup 2} when measured using AM1.5 light filtered using a 530-nm, low-band-pass filter. The stabilized proper ties for these cells prepared at i-layer rates near 10 {angstrom}/s are again similar to a-SiGe:H cells made using the same deposition hardware and the low-rate 13.56 MHz method. Establishing an initial 10.5% for a triple-junction cell whose i-layers are prepared at the high rates sets the baseline for ECD's future studies. The triple-junction cell degradation (10%--13%) with prolonged light soaking is similar to that regularly obtained for cells prepared at low i-layer deposition rates (1 {angstrom}/s). This is important because the use of high-rate methods to prepare i-layers typically leads to less-stable materials and cells. Increasing the buffer-layer deposition rate to 6 {angstrom}/s leads to nearly a 15-min decrease in the total deposition time, whereas the increase in the n-layer and p-layer deposition rates both decrease the total time by 5 and 5.8 min, respectively. Thus, besides the i-layer growth rates, increasing the buffer layer growth rate has the strongest effect on the deposition time of the triple-junction semiconductor structures.

Jones, S.J.; Liu, T.; Tsu, D.; Izu, M.

1999-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

292

Chiral Edge Currents in a Holographic Josephson Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the Josephson effect and the appearance of dissipationless edge currents in a holographic Josephson junction configuration involving a chiral, time-reversal breaking, superconductor in 2+1 dimensions. Such a superconductor is expected to be topological, thereby supporting topologically protected gapless Majorana-Weyl edge modes. Such modes manifest themselves in chiral dissipationless edge currents, which we exhibit and investigate in the context of our construction. The physics of the Josephson current itself, though expected to be unconventional in some non-equilibrium settings, is shown to be conventional in our setup which takes place in thermal equilibrium. We comment on various ways in which the expected Majorana nature of the edge excitations, and relatedly the unconventional nature of topological Josephson junctions, can be verified in the holographic context.

Rozali, Moshe

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Chiral Edge Currents in a Holographic Josephson Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the Josephson effect and the appearance of dissipationless edge currents in a holographic Josephson junction configuration involving a chiral, time-reversal breaking, superconductor in 2+1 dimensions. Such a superconductor is expected to be topological, thereby supporting topologically protected gapless Majorana-Weyl edge modes. Such modes manifest themselves in chiral dissipationless edge currents, which we exhibit and investigate in the context of our construction. The physics of the Josephson current itself, though expected to be unconventional in some non-equilibrium settings, is shown to be conventional in our setup which takes place in thermal equilibrium. We comment on various ways in which the expected Majorana nature of the edge excitations, and relatedly the unconventional nature of topological Josephson junctions, can be verified in the holographic context.

Moshe Rozali; Alexandre Vincart-Emard

2013-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

294

Resistance of Josephson Junction Arrays at Low Temperatures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study motion of vortices in arrays of Josephson junctions at zero temperature where it is controlled by quantum tunneling from one plaquette to another. The tunneling process is characterized by a finite time and can be slow compared to the superconducting gap (so that $\\tau \\Delta >> 1$). The dissipation which accompanies this process arises from rare processes when a vortex excites a quasiparticle above the gap while tunneling through a single junction. We find that the dissipation is significant even in the case $\\tau \\Delta >> 1$, in particular it is not exponentially small in this parameter. We use the calculated energy dissipation for the single vortex jump to estimate the physical resistance of the whole array.

L. B. Ioffe; B. N. Narozhny

1998-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

295

Electron transport through a metal-molecule-metal junction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Molecules of bisthiolterthiophene have been adsorbed on the two facing gold electrodes of a mechanically controllable break junction in order to form metal-molecule(s)-metal junctions. Current-voltage (I-V) characteristics have been recorded at room temperature. Zero bias conductances were measured in the 10–100 nS range and different kinds of nonlinear I-V curves with steplike features were reproducibly obtained. Switching between different kinds of I-V curves could be induced by varying the distance between the two metallic electrodes. The experimental results are discussed within the framework of tunneling transport models explicitly taking into account the discrete nature of the electronic spectrum of the molecule.

C. Kergueris; J.-P. Bourgoin; S. Palacin; D. Esteve; C. Urbina; M. Magoga; C. Joachim

1999-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

296

Do ridge-ridge-fault triple junctions exist on Earth? Evidence from the Aden-Owen-Carlsberg junction in the NW Indian Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the East Pacific Rise, and the Aden-Owen-Carlsberg (AOC) triple junction between the Owen fracture zone before connecting to the ridges. We here report the results of a marine geophysical survey of the AOC of distributed deformation. The AOC triple junction appears to be in a transient stage between a former triple

297

High-frequency losses in tin Josephson tunnel junctions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The losses associated with the excitation of surface plasma oscillations in Fiske modes in tin Josephson junctions, at frequencies from 20 to 270 GHz, were measured by studying the currentvoltage characteristics as a function of magnetic field. Our results generally support Economou and Ngai's theory of surface-plasma oscillations and Miller's calculation of the conductivity of superconductors. At lower temperatures, discrepancies that include an anomalous peak in the frequency dependence of the loss may reflect a small disagreement with Miller's results.

T. C. Wang and R. I. Gayley

1978-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Layered plasma polymer composite membranes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Layered plasma polymer composite fluid separation membranes are disclosed, which comprise alternating selective and permeable layers for a total of at least 2n layers, where n is [>=]2 and is the number of selective layers. 2 figs.

Babcock, W.C.

1994-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

299

Emission of Microwave Photon Pairs by a Tunnel Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generation and control of non-classical electromagnetic fields is of crucial importance for quantum information physics. While usual methods for the production of such fields rely on a non-linearity (of a crystal, a Josephson junction, etc.), a recent experiment performed on a normal conductor, a tunnel junction under microwave irradiation, has unveiled an alternative: the use of electron shot noise in a quantum conductor\\cite{PAN_squeezing}. Here we show that such a device can emit \\emph{pairs of microwave photons} of different frequencies with a rate as high as that of superconducting Josephson junctions\\cite{Flurin}. This results in intensity fluctuations of the photon field at two different frequencies being correlated below the photon shot noise,i.e. two-mode amplitude squeezing. Our experiment constitutes a fundamental step towards the understanding of electronic noise in terms of quantum optics, and shows that even a normal conductor could be used as a resource for quantum information processing.

Jean-Charles Forgues; Christian Lupien; Bertrand Reulet

2014-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

300

Surface plasmon dispersion engineering via double-metallic AU/AG layers for nitride light-emitting diodes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A double-metallic deposition process is used whereby adjacent layers of different metals are deposited on a substrate. The surface plasmon frequency of a base layer of a first metal is tuned by the surface plasmon frequency of a second layer of a second metal formed thereon. The amount of tuning is dependent upon the thickness of the metallic layers, and thus tuning can be achieved by varying the thicknesses of one or both of the metallic layers. In a preferred embodiment directed to enhanced LED technology in the green spectrum regime, a double-metallic Au/Ag layer comprising a base layer of gold (Au) followed by a second layer of silver (Ag) formed thereon is deposited on top of InGaN/GaN quantum wells (QWs) on a sapphire/GaN substrate.

Tansu, Nelson; Zhao, Hongping; Zhang, Jing; Liu, Guangyu

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "junction adjacent layers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Statistics of avalanches in the self-organized criticality state of a Josephson junction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Magnetic flux avalanches in Josephson junctions that include superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) tunnel junctions and are magnetized at temperatures lower than approximately 5 K have been studied in detail. Avalanches are of stochastic character and appear when the magnetic field penetration depth {lambda} into a junction becomes equal to the length a of the Josephson junction with a decrease in the temperature. The statistical properties of such avalanches are presented. The size distribution of the avalanches is a power law with a negative noninteger exponent about unity, indicating the self-organized criticality state. The self-organized criticality state is not observed in Josephson junctions with a superconductor-normal metal-superconductor (SNS) junction.

Matizen, E. V.; Martynets, V. G., E-mail: mart@niic.nsc.ru; Bezverkhii, P. P. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Siberian Division (Russian Federation)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

302

Self-consistent solution for proximity effect and Josephson current in ballistic graphene SNS Josephson junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We use a tight-binding Bogoliubov-de Gennes (BdG) formalism to self-consistently calculate the proximity effect, Josephson current, and local density of states in ballistic graphene SNS Josephson junctions. Both short and long junctions, with respect to the superconducting coherence length, are considered, as well as different doping levels of the graphene. We show that self-consistency does not notably change the current-phase relationship derived earlier for short junctions using the non-selfconsistent Dirac-BdG formalism but predict a significantly increased critical current with a stronger junction length dependence. In addition, we show that in junctions with no Fermi level mismatch between the N and S regions superconductivity persists even in the longest junctions we can investigate, indicating a diverging Ginzburg-Landau superconducting coherence length in the normal region.

Black-Schaffer, Annica M.

2010-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

303

Multiple density layered insulator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multiple density layered insulator for use with a laser is disclosed wh provides at least two different insulation materials for a laser discharge tube, where the two insulation materials have different thermoconductivities. The multiple layer insulation materials provide for improved thermoconductivity capability for improved laser operation.

Alger, Terry W. (Tracy, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Layering as Optimization Decomposition 3-1 Layering as OptimizationLayering as Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Layering as Optimization Decomposition 3-1 Layering as OptimizationLayering as Optimization DecompositionDecomposition Layering as Optimization Decomposition 3-2 CONTENTSCONTENTS Introduction (Marta;2 Layering as Optimization Decomposition 3-3 Layering as Optimization Decomposition Introduction By Marta

Fan, Xingzhe

305

Multiple layer insulation cover  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multiple layer insulation cover for preventing heat loss in, for example, a greenhouse, is disclosed. The cover is comprised of spaced layers of thin foil covered fabric separated from each other by air spaces. The spacing is accomplished by the inflation of spaced air bladders which are integrally formed in the cover and to which the layers of the cover are secured. The bladders are inflated after the cover has been deployed in its intended use to separate the layers of the foil material. The sizes of the material layers are selected to compensate for sagging across the width of the cover so that the desired spacing is uniformly maintained when the cover has been deployed. The bladders are deflated as the cover is stored thereby expediting the storage process and reducing the amount of storage space required.

Farrell, James J. (Livingston Manor, NY); Donohoe, Anthony J. (Ovid, NY)

1981-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

306

OPTIMIZATION OF a-SiGe BASED TRIPLE, TANDEM AND SINGLE-JUNCTION SOLAR Xunming Deng  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at the University of Toledo (UT) in the fabrication of high-efficiency triple, tandem and single-junction solar with 12.5% initial efficiency and 10.7% stable efficiency, tandem-junction a-Si/a-SiGe solar cells with 12.9% initial efficiency, and single-junction a-SiGe solar cells with 12.5-13% initial efficiency and 10

Deng, Xunming

307

On the Harmonic approximation for large Josephson junction coupling charge qubits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We revisit the harmonic approximation (HA) for a large Josephson junction interacting with some charge qubits through the variational approach for the quantum dynamics of the junction-qubit coupling system. By making use of numerical calculation and analytical treatment, the conditions under which HA works well can be precisely presented to control the parameters implementing the two-qubit quantum logical gate through the couplings to the large junction with harmonic oscillator (HO) Hamiltonian.

T. Shi; B. Chen; Z. Song; C. P. Sun

2004-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

308

Characteristics of high-transmission-probability tunnel junctions for use as particle detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Interest in the problem of the galactic dark matter has stimulated development of particle detectors sensitive to very low energies. Superconducting tunnel junctions may be useful in such detectors. We describe here superconducting tunnel junctions with thin barriers which may be suitable for this purpose. We present I-V characteristics and data on the temperature dependence of the subgap tunneling current. We also present some scanning-electron-microscope observations of the thin films of the tunnel junctions.

Stricker, D.A.; Alba, G.P.; Anderson, C.C.; Bing, D.D.; Bland, R.W.; Dickson, S.C.; Dignan, T.G.; Gagnon, P.; Johnson, R.T.; Seneclauze, C.M.

1988-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

309

Characteristics of high-transmission-probability tunnel junctions for use as particle detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Interest in the problem of the galactic dark matter has stimulated development of particle detectors sensitive to very low energies. Superconducting tunnel junctions may be useful in such detectors. We describe here superconducting tunnel junctions with thin barriers which may be suitable for this purpose. We present I-V characteristics and data on the temperature dependence of the subgap tunneling current. We also present some scanning-electron-microscope observations of the thin films of the tunnel junctions.

Stricker, D.A.; Alba, G.P.; Anderson, C.C.; Bing, D.D.; Bland, R.W.; Dickson, S.C.; Dignan, T.G.; Gagnon, P.; Johnson, R.T.; Seneclauze, C.M.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Characteristics of high-transmission-probability tunnel junctions for use as particle detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Interest in the problem of the galactic dark matter has stimulated development of particle detectors sensitive to very low energies. Superconducting tunnel junctions may be useful in such detectors. The authors describe superconducting tunnel junctions with thin barriers which may be suitable for this purpose. They present I-V characteristics and data on the temperature dependence of the subgap tunneling current. They also present some scanning-electron-microscope observations of the thin films of the tunnel junctions.

Stricker, D.A.; Alba, G.P.; Anderson, C.C.; Bing, D.D.; Bland, R.W.; Dickson, S.C.; Dignan, T.G.; Gagnon, P.; Johnson, R.T.; Seneclauze, C.M.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Mean-field dynamics of a Bose Josephson junction in an optical cavity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the mean-field dynamics of a Bose Josephson junction which is dispersively coupled to a single mode of a high-finesse optical cavity. An effective classical Hamiltonian for the Bose Josephson junction is derived and its dynamics is studied in the perspective of phase portrait. It is shown that the strong condensate-field coupling does alter the dynamics of the Bose Josephson junction drastically. The possibility of coherent manipulating and \\textsl{in situ} observation of the dynamics of the Bose Josephson junction is discussed.

J. M. Zhang; W. M. Liu; D. L. Zhou

2008-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

312

Comment on "Analysis of quantum coherent semiconductor quantum dot p-i-n junction photovoltaic cells"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is a comment on PRL paper by A.P. Kirk "Analysis of quantum coherent semiconductor quantum dot p-i-n junction photovoltaic cells"

Scully, Marlan O

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Estimating commuter rail demand to Kendall Square along the Grand Junction Corridor .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Since acquiring the Grand Junction Railroad in June 2010 from CSX, the Massachusetts Bay Transit Authority (MBTA) has explored the possibility of using the line… (more)

Dohm, James

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

E-Print Network 3.0 - arsenide junction-field-effect transistors...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Texas at Arlington Materials Science and Engineering Department Summary: and optoelectronic devices. Topics include electrical properties of semiconductors, p-n junctions,...

315

E-Print Network 3.0 - annular josephson junctions Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

<< < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 41 Collective Josephson vortex dynamics in a finite number of stacked intrinsic Josephson junctions Myung-Ho Bae,1, Summary: Collective Josephson vortex...

316

Temperature dependent junction capacitance-voltage characteristics of Ni embedded TiN/SiO{sub 2}/p-Si metal–insulator–semiconductor structure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work presents the junction capacitance–voltage characteristics of highly textured/epitaxial Ni nanoparticle embedded in TiN matrix (TiN(Ni)) metal-insulator-semiconductor TiN(Ni)/SiO{sub 2}/p-Si (100) heterojunction in the temperature range of 10–300?K. This heterojunction behaves as metal-semiconductor junction with unavoidable leakage through native oxide SiO{sub 2} layer. The clockwise hysteresis loop has been observed in the capacitance-voltage characteristics measured at various frequencies mainly due to presence of trap centers at the TiN(Ni)/SiO{sub 2} interface and these are temperature dependent. The spin-dependent trap charge effect at the interface influences the quadratic nature of the capacitance with magnetic field. The junction magnetocapacitance (JMC) is observed to be dependent on both temperature and frequency. The highest JMC of this heterojunction has been observed at 200?K at higher frequencies (100?kHz–1?MHz). It is found that there is not much effect of band structure modification under magnetic field causing the JMC.

Panda, J.; Nath, T. K., E-mail: tnath@phy.iitkgp.ernet.in [Department of Physics and Meteorology, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, West Bengal 721302 (India); Chattopadhyay, S. [Department of Physics and Meteorology, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, West Bengal 721302 (India); Amity Institute of Nano Technology, Amity University, Sector-125, Noida, Uttar Pradesh 201313 (India)

2013-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

317

Electronic transport transition at graphene/YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7??} junction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the fabrication of graphene/YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7??} contacts and their superconducting proximity effect. Both the temperature dependence of resistance and the current bias dependence of resistance for the contacts are investigated, respectively. The results are compared with that of pure YBCO Hall bar. It is found that the differential resistance transits from a non-zero value to zero at high bias across graphene/YBCO junction below the transition temperature of YBCO, the phenomena indicate the tunneling of Cooper pairs from YBCO to graphene. As the YBCO film deposited by pulsed laser deposition has a rough surface, the graphene layer can contact with the edge of CuO{sub 2} planes. It allows that Cooper pairs could leak into graphene along the CuO{sub 2} planes.

Sun, Q. J.; Wang, H. S. [School of Physics and Electronics, Central South University, Changsha 410083 (China) [School of Physics and Electronics, Central South University, Changsha 410083 (China); State Key Laboratory of Functional Materials for Informatics, Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China); Wang, H. M., E-mail: hmwang@mail.sim.ac.cn; Gao, B.; Li, Q.; Xie, X. M. [State Key Laboratory of Functional Materials for Informatics, Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Functional Materials for Informatics, Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050 (China); Deng, L. W.; Hu, Z. W. [School of Physics and Electronics, Central South University, Changsha 410083 (China)] [School of Physics and Electronics, Central South University, Changsha 410083 (China)

2014-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

318

Influence of hydrogen patterning gas on electric and magnetic properties of perpendicular magnetic tunnel junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To identify the degradation mechanism in magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) using hydrogen, the properties of the MTJs were measured by applying an additional hydrogen etch process and a hydrogen plasma process to the patterned MTJs. In these studies, an additional 50?s hydrogen etch process caused the magnetoresistance (MR) to decrease from 103% to 14.7% and the resistance (R) to increase from 6.5?k? to 39?k?. Moreover, an additional 500?s hydrogen plasma process decreased the MR from 103% to 74% and increased R from 6.5?k? to 13.9?k?. These results show that MTJs can be damaged by the hydrogen plasma process as well as by the hydrogen etch process, as the atomic bonds in MgO may break and react with the exposed hydrogen gas. Compounds such as MgO hydrate very easily. We also calculated the damaged layer width (DLW) of the patterned MTJs after the hydrogen etching and plasma processes, to evaluate the downscaling limitations of spin-transfer-torque magnetic random-access memory (STT-MRAM) devices. With these calculations, the maximum DLWs at each side of the MTJ, generated by the etching and plasma processes, were 23.8?nm and 12.8?nm, respectively. This result validates that the hydrogen-based MTJ patterning processes cannot be used exclusively in STT-MRAMs beyond 20?nm.

Jeong, J. H., E-mail: juno@fris.tohoku.ac.jp [Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, Sendai (Japan); Semiconductor R and D Center, Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., Hwasung (Korea, Republic of); Endoh, T. [Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, Sendai (Japan); Center for Innovative Integrated Electronic Systems, Tohoku University, Sendai (Japan); Kim, Y.; Kim, W. K.; Park, S. O. [Semiconductor R and D Center, Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., Hwasung (Korea, Republic of)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

319

Remarkable acceleration of the fructose dehydration over the adjacent Brønsted acid sites contained in an MFI-type zeolite channel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) is an important platform chemical that can be obtained from biomass by acid catalysis. In the current investigation, an acceleration of the dehydration of fructose to HMF with an increased reaction rate and decreased activation energy is identified over the adjacent acid sites in MFI-type zeolites. The spatial proximities of these sites become prominent with the decrease of the Si/Al ratio in HZSM-5 and increase the charge density on the adsorbed reactant molecule according to 13C MAS NMR results. The cooperative catalysis by the adjacent acid sites is deduced and it is very important to develop new effective acid catalysts.

Meng Wang; Yifen Xia; Li Zhao; Chenhai Song; Luming Peng; Xuefeng Guo; Nianhua Xue; Weiping Ding

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Surface geology of the northern Midway-Sunset Field and adjacent Temblor Range, Kern County, California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New surface mapping at a 1:12000 scale adjacent to the 2 billion barrel Midway Sunset Field has revealed complex intraformational stratigraphy within the upper Miocene Santa Margarita Formation (Tms). Locally known as the Potter and Spellacy Formations in the subsurface, these sandstone and conglomerate heavy oil reservoirs produce the majority of Midway Sunset daily production of 164,000 barrels of oil via thermal EOR processes. The Tms consists mostly of conglomerate inserted into the Belridge Diatomite (Tmb) interval. The stratigraphically lower intervals of the Tms clearly fill deeply incised valleys or submarine canyons cut into Tmb and locally into the underlying Antelope Shale (Tma). The basal intervals of Tms; are very coarse grained, containing boulders of granitic and metamorphic rock as large as 4 meters that were derived from the Salinian block west of the San Andreas Fault. The upper intervals of Tms are more sheet-like and interbedded containing clasts less than 50 cm in length. The incised valleys have a spacing of about one mile in outcrop, with a gap located in the area of the older Republic Sandstone (Tmr). Paleocurrents from Tms regionally suggest sediment transport to the northeast. The sedimentary structures of Tms suggest deposition in deep-water conditions, probably a slope (bathyal) setting. Shelf environments should have been present to the southwest (now stripped away by erosion) and submarine-fan and basin-floor environments to the northeast.

Wylie, A.S. Jr.; Sturm, D.H.; Gardiner, R.L.; Mercer, M.F. [Santa Fe Energy Resources, Bakersfield, CA (United States)] [and others

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "junction adjacent layers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Surface geology of the northern Midway-Sunset Field and adjacent Temblor Range, Kern County, California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New surface mapping at a 1:12000 scale adjacent to the 2 billion barrel Midway Sunset Field has revealed complex intraformational stratigraphy within the upper Miocene Santa Margarita Formation (Tms). Locally known as the Potter and Spellacy Formations in the subsurface, these sandstone and conglomerate heavy oil reservoirs produce the majority of Midway Sunset daily production of 164,000 barrels of oil via thermal EOR processes. The Tms consists mostly of conglomerate inserted into the Belridge Diatomite (Tmb) interval. The stratigraphically lower intervals of the Tms clearly fill deeply incised valleys or submarine canyons cut into Tmb and locally into the underlying Antelope Shale (Tma). The basal intervals of Tms; are very coarse grained, containing boulders of granitic and metamorphic rock as large as 4 meters that were derived from the Salinian block west of the San Andreas Fault. The upper intervals of Tms are more sheet-like and interbedded containing clasts less than 50 cm in length. The incised valleys have a spacing of about one mile in outcrop, with a gap located in the area of the older Republic Sandstone (Tmr). Paleocurrents from Tms regionally suggest sediment transport to the northeast. The sedimentary structures of Tms suggest deposition in deep-water conditions, probably a slope (bathyal) setting. Shelf environments should have been present to the southwest (now stripped away by erosion) and submarine-fan and basin-floor environments to the northeast.

Wylie, A.S. Jr.; Sturm, D.H.; Gardiner, R.L.; Mercer, M.F. (Santa Fe Energy Resources, Bakersfield, CA (United States)) (and others)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Measurement of the acoustic pressure distribution occurring around an aerial substation adjacent to apartment buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The subject matter of the research work presented in this paper refers to the measurements of the values of the acoustic pressure levels (noise) occurring around a main feeding?point aerial substation adjacent to apartment buildings. The paper presents the values of the noise accompanying the particular power devices mainly transformers during their regular operation. The main aim of this research work was the comparison and assessment of the acoustic pressure values measured with the permissible values defined by environmental standards binding in Poland. The research analysis carried out proved that during a long?term operation of power appliances installed in substations the acoustic pressure level that they emit into the environment is not constant but is subject to changes. Thus the increase of the noise level above the permissible values can be the cause of violation of environmental standards. Due to a significant increase of people's awareness and readiness to claim their rights the main consequence of violating the standards is a growing number of claims. Therefore it is imperative that the level of the acoustic pressure be monitored during routine tests especially around high?power transformers.

Sebastian Borucki; Tomasz Boczar; Andrzej Cichon

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Distribution and diversity of fungal species in and adjacent to the Los Alamos National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fungi have demonstrated their ability to diversify and specialize to take advantage of new environments (Murphy 1996). These species are essential to the normal functioning of ecosystems and the impacts of human activities may be harmful to fungi. There is a need to inventory fungi throughout the range of their environments. Previously archived information representing 43 sample locations was used to perform a preliminary evaluation of the distributions and diversity of fungal species at the Los Alamos National Laboratory and in adjacent environments. Presence-absence data for 71 species of fungi in five habitats, pinon-juniper, canyon-bottom ponderosa pine, ponderosa pine, canyon-bottom mixed conifer, and mixed conifer were analyzed. The results indicate that even though fungi occur in each of the habitats, fungal species are not distributed evenly among these habitats. The richness of fungal species is greater in the canyon-bottom mixed conifer and mixed conifer habitats than in the pinon-juniper, canyon-bottom ponderosa pine or ponderosa pine habitats. All but three of the fungal species were recorded in either the canyon-bottom mixed conifer or the mixed conifer habitats, and all but seven of the fungal species were found in the mixed conifer habitat.

Balice, R.G.; Jarmie, N.; Rogers, F.J.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Anomalous Finite-Size Effect in Superconducting Josephson Junction Arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We show that a previously reported discrepancy between simulations of superconducting Josephson junction arrays and the theoretical analysis of Ambegaokar, Halperin, Nelson, and Siggia (AHNS) [Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 783 (1978)] is rooted in a peculiar finite-size effect under periodic boundary conditions. Our simulation results for the largest array support the power-law I-V curves predicted by AHNS. Analysis of the vortex dynamics reveals two intrinsic length scales set by the applied current, which define three size regimes with distinctive I-V characteristics.

Chen, Qing-Hu; Tang, Lei-Han; Tong, Peiqing

2001-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

325

Transitions in two sinusoidally coupled Josephson junction rotators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the dynamics of two sinusoidally coupled Josephson junction rotators to provide a clear knowledge of the behaviors in different regions of the parameter space. The dynamical states are identified, and the transitions among these states are studied. The properties of the current-voltage curves are investigated. Further more, we observed the chaotic states in some regions of parameter space. We conjecture it may caused by the competition of two periodic potentials: one is the external field, another is the interacting of two particles.

Qian Min [School of Mathematical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Wang Jiazeng [Department of Mathematics, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444 (China)], E-mail: wangjiazen@yahoo.com.cn

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

326

Coherent Oscillations in an Exciton-Polariton Josephson Junction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the observation of spontaneous coherent oscillations in a microcavity polariton bosonic Josephson junction. Condensation of exciton polaritons here takes place under incoherent excitation in a double potential well naturally formed in the disorder. Coherent oscillations set on at an excitation power well above the condensation threshold. The time resolved population and phase dynamics reveal the analogy with the ac Josephson effect. A theoretical two-mode model describes the observed effects, explaining how the different realizations of the pulsed experiment can be in phase.

Lagoudakis, K. G.; Pietka, B.; Deveaud-Pledran, B. [ICMP, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL), 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Wouters, M. [ITP, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL), 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Andre, R. [Institut Neel, CNRS, Grenoble (France)

2010-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

327

Tunneling qubit operation on a protected Josephson junction array  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose a complete quantum computation process on a topologically protected Josephson junction array system, originally proposed by Ioffe and Feigel'man [Phys. Rev. B 66, 224503 (2002)]. Logical qubits for computation are encoded in the punctured array. The number of qubits is determined by the number of holes. The topological degeneracy is lightly shifted by tuning the flux along specific paths. We show how to perform both single-qubit and basic quantum-gate operations in this system, especially the controlled-NOT (CNOT) gate.

Yin Zhi; Li Shengwen; Chen Yixin [Zhejiang Insitute of Modern Physics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

328

Resonantly phase-matched Josephson junction traveling wave parametric amplifier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We develop a technique to overcome phase-mismatch in Josephson-junction traveling wave parametric amplifiers in order to achieve high gain over a broad bandwidth. Using "resonant phase matching," we design a compact superconducting device consisting of a transmission line with subwavelength resonant inclusions that simultaneously achieves a gain of 20 dB, an instantaneous bandwidth of 3 GHz, and a saturation power of -98 dBm. Such an amplifier is well-suited to cryogenic broadband microwave measurements such as the multiplexed readout of quantum coherent circuits based on superconducting, semiconducting, or nano-mechanical elements as well as traditional astronomical detectors.

Kevin O'Brien; Chris Macklin; Irfan Siddiqi; Xiang Zhang

2014-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

329

Replica Theory and Large D Josephson Junction Hypercubic Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the statistical mechanics of a $D$-dimensional array of Josephson junctions in presence of a magnetic field on a lattice of side $2$. In the high temperature region the thermodynamical properties can be computed in the limit $D \\to \\infty$. A conjectural form of the thermodynamic properties in the low temperature phase is obtained by assuming that they are the same of an appropriate spin glass system, based on quenched disordered couplings. Numerical simulations show that this conjecture is very accurate in one regime of the magnetic field, while it is probably slightly inaccurate in a second regime.

Enzo Marinari; Giorgio Parisi; Felix Ritort

1995-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

330

Dynamics of Josephson junction systems in the computational subspace  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The quantum dynamics of the Josephson junction system in the computational subspace is investigated. A scheme for the controlled not operation is given for two capasitively coupled SQUIDs. In this system, there is no systematic error for the two qubit operation. For the inductively coupled SQUIDs, the effective Hamiltonian causes systematic errors in the computational subspace for the two qubit operation. Using the purterbation theory, we construct a more precise effective Hamiltonian. This new effective Hamiltonian reduces the systematic error to the level much lower than the threshold of the fault resilent quantum computation.

Wang Xiang-Bin; Matsumoto Keiji; Fan Heng; Y. Nakamura

2001-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

331

Manipulating transport through a single-molecule junction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Molecular Electronics deals with the realization of elementary electronic devices that rely on a single molecule. For electronic applications, the most important property of a single molecule is its conductance. Here we show how the conductance of a single octanethiol molecule can be measured and manipulated by varying the contact's interspace. This mechanical gating of the single molecule junction leads to a variation of the conductance that can be understood in terms of a tunable image charge effect. The image charge effect increases with a decrease of the contact's interspace due to a reduction of the effective potential barrier height of 1.5 meV/pm.

Sotthewes, Kai; Heimbuch, René; Zandvliet, Harold J. W. [Physics of Interfaces and Nanomaterials, MESA Institute for Nanotechnology, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500AE Enschede (Netherlands)] [Physics of Interfaces and Nanomaterials, MESA Institute for Nanotechnology, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500AE Enschede (Netherlands)

2013-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

332

Electron transport in normal-metal/superconductor junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 1. Conductance G as a function of the voltage V for an NS (d-wave! junction with $100% interface at T50 and t0 /t50.5. The present calculation ~solid line! is compared with the BTK result ~dashed line!. PRB 61ZHAO, AND CHIA-REN HU FIG. 2.... The same as Fig. 1 but at t0 /t51. dominant contribution to the conductance in the BTK theory. Under the present assumption, however, the transport is due to the decay of quasiparticles in both sides. Such a decaying process is more complex than the BTK...

Yan, XZ; Zhao, HW; Hu, Chia-Ren.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Research on high-efficiency, single-junction, monolithic, thin-film amorphous silicon solar cells: Phase II annual subcontract report, 1 January 1985--31 January 1986  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents results of the second phase of research on high-efficiency, single-junction, monolithic, thin-film a-Si solar cells. Five glow-discharge deposition systems, including a new in-line, multichamber system, were used to grow both doped and undoped a-Si:H. A large number of silane and disilane gas cylinders were analyzed with a gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy system. Strong correlations were found between the breakdown voltage, the deposition rate, the diffusion length, and the conversion efficiency for varying cathode-anode separations in a DC glow-discharge deposition mode. Tin oxide films were grown by chemical vapor deposition with either tetramethyl tin (TMT) or tin tetrachloride (TTC). The best were grown with TMT, but TTC films had a more controlled texture for light trapping and provided a better contact to the p-layer. The best results were obtained with 7059 glass substrates. Efficiencies as high as 10.86% were obtained in p-i-n cells with superlattice p-layers and as high as 10.74% in cells with both superlattice p- and n-layers. Measurements showed that the boron-doping level in the p-layer can strongly affect transport in the i-layer, which can be minimized by reactive flushing before i-layer deposition. Stability of a-Si:H cells is improved by light doping. 51 refs., 64 figs., 21 tabs.

Carlson, D.E.; Ayra, R.R.; Bennett, M.S.; Catalano, A.; D'Aiello, R.V.; Dickson, C.R.; McVeigh, J.; Newton, J.; O'Dowd, J.; Oswald, R.S.; Rajan, K.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Structured luminescence conversion layer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus device such as a light source is disclosed which has an OLED device and a structured luminescence conversion layer deposited on the substrate or transparent electrode of said OLED device and on the exterior of said OLED device. The structured luminescence conversion layer contains regions such as color-changing and non-color-changing regions with particular shapes arranged in a particular pattern.

Berben, Dirk; Antoniadis, Homer; Jermann, Frank; Krummacher, Benjamin Claus; Von Malm, Norwin; Zachau, Martin

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

335

Front contact solar cell with formed electrically conducting layers on the front side and backside  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A bipolar solar cell includes a backside junction formed by a silicon substrate and a first doped layer of a first dopant type on the backside of the solar cell. A second doped layer of a second dopant type makes an electrical connection to the substrate from the front side of the solar cell. A first metal contact of a first electrical polarity electrically connects to the first doped layer on the backside of the solar cell, and a second metal contact of a second electrical polarity electrically connects to the second doped layer on the front side of the solar cell. An external electrical circuit may be electrically connected to the first and second metal contacts to be powered by the solar cell.

Cousins, Peter John

2012-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

336

Convective heat transfer in the vertical channel flow of a clear fluid adjacent to a nanofluid layer: a two-fluid model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A two-fluid vertical channel flow and convective heat transfer model in which one of the two fluids is a nanofluid demonstrates that the nanofluid can modify the fluid velocity at the interface of the two fluids,...

Robert A. Van Gorder; K. V. Prasad; K. Vajravelu

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Effect of a transitional layer on the transmission of vibrational disturbances between two elastic media  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Classically the transmission of disturbances between adjacent media is obtained by equating velocities and/or stresses on both sides of the interface. If a transition layer is placed between two media then the discontinuity in the elastic properties may be smoothed out over a small but finite distance. In this paper the vibration transmitted across the two elastic media is obtained from the continuous transition layer approach and the results are compared with the classical approach. The effect of the thickness of the transition layer for different frequencies and different elastic materials is presented. Results indicate that the effect of the thickness of the transitional layer is felt not only within the layer itself but it is also very dominant at large distances from the interface.

Mauro Pierucci

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Fabrication of contacts for silicon solar cells including printing burn through layers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for fabricating a contact (240) for a solar cell (200). The method includes providing a solar cell substrate (210) with a surface that is covered or includes an antireflective coating (220). For example, the substrate (210) may be positioned adjacent or proximate to an outlet of an inkjet printer (712) or other deposition device. The method continues with forming a burn through layer (230) on the coating (220) by depositing a metal oxide precursor (e.g., using an inkjet or other non-contact printing method to print or apply a volume of liquid or solution containing the precursor). The method includes forming a contact layer (240) comprising silver over or on the burn through layer (230), and then annealing is performed to electrically connect the contact layer (240) to the surface of the solar cell substrate (210) through a portion of the burn through layer (230) and the coating (220).

Ginley, David S; Kaydanova, Tatiana; Miedaner, Alexander; Curtis, Calvin J; Van Hest, Marinus Franciscus Antonius Maria

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

339

Inverted GaInP/(In)GaAs/InGaAs Triple-Junction Solar Cells with Low-Stress Metamorphic Bottom Junctions: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate high efficiency performance in two ultra-thin, Ge-free III-V semiconductor triple-junction solar cell device designs grown in an inverted configuration. Low-stress metamorphic junctions were engineered to achieve excellent photovoltaic performance with less than 3 x 106 cm-2 threading dislocations. The first design with band gaps of 1.83/1.40/1.00 eV, containing a single metamorphic junction, achieved 33.8% and 39.2% efficiencies under the standard one-sun global spectrum and concentrated direct spectrum at 131 suns, respectively. The second design with band gaps of 1.83/1.34/0.89 eV, containing two metamorphic junctions achieved 33.2% and 40.1% efficiencies under the standard one-sun global spectrum and concentrated direct spectrum at 143 suns, respectively.

Geisz, J. F.; Kurtz, S. R.; Wanlass, M. W.; Ward, J. S.; Duda, A.; Friedman, D. J.; Olson, J. M.; McMahon, W. E.; Moriarty, T. E.; Kiehl, J. T.; Romero, M. J.; Norman, A. G.; Jones, K. M.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Method and Apparatus for Remote Delivery and Manipulation of a Miniature Tool Adjacent a Work Piece in a Restricted Space  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus for remote delivery and manipulation of a miniature tool adjacent a work piece in a restricted space, includes a tool camer, a camage for manipulating the tool carrier relative to the work piece, a first actuator for operating the carnage, and an optional remote secondary operating actuator for operating the first actuator.

Sale, Christopher H.; Kaltenbaugh, Daniel R.

2004-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "junction adjacent layers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Diffusion current in a system of coupled Josephson junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The role of a diffusion current in the phase dynamics of a system of coupled Josephson junctions (JJs) has been analyzed. It is shown that, by studying the temporal dependences of the superconducting, quasi-particle, diffusion, and displacement currents and the dependences of average values of these currents on the total current, it is possible to explain the main features of the current-voltage characteristic (CVC) of the system. The effect of a diffusion current on the character of CVC branching in the vicinity of a critical current and in the region of hysteresis, as well as on the part of CVC branch corresponding to a parametric resonance in the system is demonstrated. A clear interpretation of the differences in the character of CVC branching in a model of capacitively coupled JJs (CCJJ model) and a model of capacitive coupling with diffusion current (CCJJ+DC model) is proposed. It is shown that a decrease in the diffusion current in a JJ leads to the switching of this junction to an oscillating state. The results of model calculations are qualitatively consistent with the experimental data.

Shukrinov, Yu. M., E-mail: shukrinv@theor.jinr.ru; Rahmonov, I. R. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

342

On the Chaotic Flux Dynamics in a Long Josephson Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flux dynamics in an annular long Josephson junction is studied. Three main topics are covered. The first is chaotic flux dynamics and its prediction via Melnikov integrals. It turns out that DC current bias cannot induce chaotic flux dynamics, while AC current bias can. The existence of a common root to the Melnikov integrals is a necessary condition for the existence of chaotic flux dynamics. The second topic is on the components of the global attractor and the bifurcation in the perturbation parameter measuring the strength of loss, bias and irregularity of the junction. The global attractor can contain co-existing local attractors e.g. a local chaotic attractor and a local regular attractor. In the infinite dimensional phase space setting, the bifurcation is very complicated. Chaotic attractors can appear and disappear in a random fashion. Three types of attractors (chaos, breather, spatially uniform and temporally periodic attractor) are identified. The third topic is ratchet effect. Ratchet effect can be achieved by a current bias field which corresponds to an asymmetric potential, in which case the flux dynamics is ever lasting chaotic. When the current bias field corresponds to a symmetric potential, the flux dynamics is often transiently chaotic, in which case the ratchet effect disappears after sufficiently long time.

Z. C. Feng; Y. Charles Li

2009-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

343

Efficient broadband energy transfer via momentum matching at hybrid junctions of guided-waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficient broadband energy transfer via momentum matching at hybrid junctions of guided://apl.aip.org/about/rights_and_permissions #12;Efficient broadband energy transfer via momentum matching at hybrid junctions of guided, The American University in Cairo, New Cairo 11835, Egypt (Received 2 August 2012; accepted 5 September 2012

344

TM-mode coupling to a Josephson junction S. J. Lewandowski  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

215 TM-mode coupling to a Josephson junction S. J. Lewandowski Instytut Fizyki PAN, 02-668 Warszawa-mode near cut-off are demonstrated to improve Josephson junction coupling to the waveguide. Revue Phys. Appl Sciences and available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/rphysap:01985002003021500 #12;216 Fig. 1. - Josephson

Boyer, Edmond

345

Nonlinear Phase Dynamics in a Driven Bosonic Josephson Junction Erez Boukobza,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nonlinear Phase Dynamics in a Driven Bosonic Josephson Junction Erez Boukobza,1 Michael G. Moore,2. The experimental realization of dilute-gas Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) Josephson junctions [2­ 5] has led], in a double-BEC system in Ref. [13], and in a one-dimensional spinor BEC in Ref. [14]. The bosonic Josephson

Vardi, Amichay

346

A Hamilton-Jacobi approach to junction problems and application to traffic flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Hamilton-Jacobi approach to junction problems and application to traffic flows C. Imbert , R of a model case of first order Hamilton-Jacobi equations posed on a "junction", that is to say the union of such problems. Keywords: Hamilton-Jacobi equations, discontinuous Hamiltonians, viscosity solutions, optimal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

347

Phonon Bottleneck in Graphene-Based Josephson Junctions at Millikelvin Temperatures I. V. Borzenets,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phonon Bottleneck in Graphene-Based Josephson Junctions at Millikelvin Temperatures I. V. Borzenets and superconducting branches in superconductor-graphene-superconductor Josephson junctions. We attribute thermalization by phonons at low temperatures (T & 1 K). The relationship between the applied power

Finkelstein, Gleb

348

Layered electrode for electrochemical cells  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

There is provided an electrode structure comprising a current collector sheet and first and second layers of electrode material. Together, the layers improve catalyst utilization and water management.

Swathirajan, Swathy (West Bloomfield, MI); Mikhail, Youssef M. (Sterling Heights, MI)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Grand Junction, Colorado, Disposal Site Long-Term Surveillance and Maintenance Program Fact Sheet, July 2001  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Grand Junction Disposal Site Grand Junction Disposal Site Uranium ore was processed at the Climax millsite at Grand Junction, Colorado, between 1951 and 1970. The milling operations created process-related waste and tailings, a sandlike material containing radioactive materials and other contaminants. The tailings were an ideal and inexpensive construction material suitable for concrete, mortar, and fill. Accordingly, the tailings were widely used in the Grand Junction area for these purposes. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) encapsulated the tailings and other contaminated materials from the millsite and more than 4,000 vicinity properties in the Grand Junction area in an engineered disposal cell. Part of the disposal cell was completed in 1994; the remainder of the cell remains open until it is

350

Imaging the p-n junction in a gallium nitride nanowire with a scanning microwave microscope  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We used a broadband, atomic-force-microscope-based, scanning microwave microscope (SMM) to probe the axial dependence of the charge depletion in a p-n junction within a gallium nitride nanowire (NW). SMM enables the visualization of the p-n junction location without the need to make patterned electrical contacts to the NW. Spatially resolved measurements of S{sub 11}{sup ?}, which is the derivative of the RF reflection coefficient S{sub 11} with respect to voltage, varied strongly when probing axially along the NW and across the p-n junction. The axial variation in S{sub 11}{sup ?}? effectively mapped the asymmetric depletion arising from the doping concentrations on either side of the junction. Furthermore, variation of the probe tip voltage altered the apparent extent of features associated with the p-n junction in S{sub 11}{sup ?} images.

Imtiaz, Atif [Physical Measurement Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Colorado 80305 (United States); Department of Electrical, Computer, and Energy Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States); Wallis, Thomas M.; Brubaker, Matt D.; Blanchard, Paul T.; Bertness, Kris A.; Sanford, Norman A.; Kabos, Pavel, E-mail: kabos@boulder.nist.gov [Physical Measurement Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Colorado 80305 (United States); Weber, Joel C. [Physical Measurement Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Colorado 80305 (United States); Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States); Coakley, Kevin J. [Information Technology Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Colorado 80305 (United States)

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

351

Overdamped Nb/Al-AlO{sub x}/Nb Josephson junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the fabrication and characterization of overdamped Nb/Al-AlO{sub x}/Nb superconductor-insulator-superconductor Josephson junction whose fabrication process derives from that of the well-known hysteretic junctions. These junctions are an intermediate state between the superconductor-normal metal-superconductor and the superconductor-insulator-superconductor Josephson junctions. Stable and reproducible nonhysteretic current-voltage characteristics are obtained with a proper choice of the fabrication parameters. We have measured critical current densities J{sub C} from 10{sup 3} up to 2x10{sup 4} A/cm{sup 2}, with characteristic voltages from 80 to nearly 450 {mu}V. The junctions are stable against time and repeated thermal cycling.

Lacquaniti, V.; Cagliero, C.; Maggi, S.; Steni, R. [Thin Films Department, IEN 'G. Ferraris', Strada delle Cacce 91, I-10135, Torino (Italy)

2005-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

352

Model for a Josephson junction array coupled to a resonant cavity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe a simple Hamiltonian for an underdamped Josephson array coupled to a single photon mode in a resonant cavity. Using a Hartree-like mean-field theory, we show that, for any given strength of coupling between the photon field and the Josephson junctions, there is a transition from incoherence to coherence as a function of N, the number of Josephson junctions in the array. Above that value of N, the energy in the photon field is proportional to N{sup 2}, suggestive of coherent emission. These features remain even when the junction parameters have some random variation from junction to junction, as expected in a real array. Both of these features agree with recent experiments by Barbara and co-workers. (c) 2000 The American Physical Society.

Harbaugh, J. Kent [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, 174 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, 174 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Stroud, D. [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, 174 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, 174 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Josephson junction of non-Abelian superconductors and non-Abelian Josephson vortices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Josephson junction is made of two superconductors sandwiching an insulator, and a Josephson vortex is a magnetic vortex absorbed into the Josephson junction, whose dynamics can be described by the sine-Gordon equation. In a field theory framework, a flexible Josephson junction was proposed, in which the Josephson junction is represented by a domain wall separating two condensations and a Josephson vortex is a sine-Gordon soliton in the domain wall effective theory. In this paper, we propose a Josephson junction of non-Abelian color superconductors, that is described by a non-Abelian domain wall, and show that a non-Abelian vortex (color magnetic flux tube) absorbed into it is a non-Abelian Josephson vortex represented as a non-Abelian sine-Gordon soliton in the domain wall effective theory.

Muneto Nitta

2015-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

354

Josephson junction of non-Abelian superconductors and non-Abelian Josephson vortices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Josephson junction is made of two superconductors sandwiching an insulator, and a Josephson vortex is a magnetic vortex absorbed into the Josephson junction, whose dynamics can be described by the sine-Gordon equation. In a field theory framework, a flexible Josephson junction was proposed, in which the Josephson junction is represented by a domain wall separating two condensations and a Josephson vortex is a sine-Gordon soliton in the domain wall effective theory. In this paper, we propose a Josephson junction of non-Abelian color superconductors, that is described by a non-Abelian domain wall, and show that a non-Abelian vortex (color magnetic flux tube) absorbed into it is a non-Abelian Josephson vortex represented as a non-Abelian sine-Gordon soliton in the domain wall effective theory.

Nitta, Muneto

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Magneto-electric coupling in a two-dimensional ballistic Josephson junction with in-plane magnetic texture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magneto-electric coupling in a two-dimensional ballistic Josephson junction with in-plane magnetic, Germany (Dated: August 20, 2014) We study a Josephson junction made with a spin-textured bridge, when both-dimensional ballistic Josephson junction close to the critical temperature of the heterostructure, when an anomalous

Boyer, Edmond

356

PHYSICAL REVIEW E 88, 022908 (2013) Synchronization of a Josephson junction array in terms of global variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHYSICAL REVIEW E 88, 022908 (2013) Synchronization of a Josephson junction array in terms of Josephson junctions with a common LCR load. Application of the Watanabe-Strogatz approach [Physica D 74, 197 of oscillating physical systems that being coupled synchronize are Josephson junctions [2]. In theoretical

Pikovsky, Arkady

357

Model for a Josephson junction array coupled to a resonant cavity J. Kent Harbaugh and D. Stroud  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Model for a Josephson junction array coupled to a resonant cavity J. Kent Harbaugh and D. Stroud junctions, there is a transition from incoherence to coherence as a function of N, the number of Josephson-capacitance and underdamped Josephson junctions, quantum phase fluctua- tions inhibit phase locking.8­13 Thus, until recently

Stroud, David

358

Electrically Tunable Macroscopic Quantum Tunneling in a Graphene-Based Josephson Junction Gil-Ho Lee,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrically Tunable Macroscopic Quantum Tunneling in a Graphene-Based Josephson Junction Gil.1103/PhysRevLett.107.146605 PACS numbers: 72.80.Vp, 73.40.Ã?c, 74.45.+c, 85.25.Cp A Josephson junction [1 the fabri- cation of nanostructured proximity-coupled Josephson junctions based on conducting spacers

Lee, Hu-Jong

359

Incommensurate dynamics of resonant breathers in Josephson junction ladders M. V. Fistul, A. E. Miroshnichenko, and S. Flach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Incommensurate dynamics of resonant breathers in Josephson junction ladders M. V. Fistul, A. E and experimental studies of resonant localized resistive states in a Josephson junction ladder. These complex guides, in antiferromagnetic solids and in systems of interacting Josephson junctions.8­13 Especially

Flach, Sergej

360

Eigenstates of a small Josephson junction coupled to a resonant cavity W. A. Al-Saidi* and D. Stroud  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Eigenstates of a small Josephson junction coupled to a resonant cavity W. A. Al-Saidi* and D; published 4 December 2001 We carry out a quantum-mechanical analysis of a small Josephson junction coupled the lowest two levels of the Josephson junction are retained in the Hamiltonian matrix. We noticed

Stroud, David

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "junction adjacent layers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Charging Effects in the Inductively Shunted Josephson Junction Jens Koch, V. Manucharyan, M. H. Devoret, and L. I. Glazman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Charging Effects in the Inductively Shunted Josephson Junction Jens Koch, V. Manucharyan, M. H to shunt a Josephson junction determines if the charge transferred through the circuit is quantized by charge noise. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.103.217004 PACS numbers: 85.25.Cp, 74.50.+r The Josephson junction

Devoret, Michel H.

362

Observation of High Coherence in Josephson Junction Qubits Measured in a Three-Dimensional Circuit QED Architecture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Observation of High Coherence in Josephson Junction Qubits Measured in a Three-Dimensional Circuit December 2011) Superconducting quantum circuits based on Josephson junctions have made rapid progress the intrinsic coherence of Josephson junctions, and whether superconducting qubits can be adequately isolated

363

Comparison of the device physics principles of planar and radial p-n junction nanorod solar cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparison of the device physics principles of planar and radial p-n junction nanorod solar cells been developed for radial p-n junction nanorod solar cells, in which densely packed nanorods, each improvements in efficiency relative to a conventional planar geometry p-n junction solar cell, provided

Atwater, Harry

364

Collective dynamics of Josephson fluxons in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8d intrinsic junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in naturally stacked intrinsic Josephson junctions in Bi2Sr2- CaCu2O8þd single crystals were studied Keywords: Fluxon dynamics; Intrinsic Josephson junctions; Plasma excitation modes; Superradiant state 1 to high-frequency devices such as THz local oscilla- tors and mixers. Stacked long Josephson junctions

Lee, Hu-Jong

365

Scanning tunneling microscope tip as a positionable contact: Probing a Josephson-junction array at subkelvin temperatures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scanning tunneling microscope tip as a positionable contact: Probing a Josephson-junction arrayK. The STM enables us to probe the structure, a Josephson-junction array, at various positions. Examples of such systems are two- dimensional electron gases and Josephson junction arrays.1

366

Three-dimensional Josephson-junction arrays: Static magnetic response R. De Luca and T. Di Matteo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Three-dimensional Josephson-junction arrays: Static magnetic response R. De Luca and T. Di Matteo Tampere, Finland Received 17 July 1997 In this work we present a simple three-dimensional Josephson-junction directions perpendicular to one cube side. S0163-1829 98 05502-7 I. INTRODUCTION The interest in Josephson-junction

Di Matteo, Tiziana

367

Microscopic model of critical current noise in Josephson-junction qubits: Subgap resonances and Andreev bound states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microscopic model of critical current noise in Josephson-junction qubits: Subgap resonances in Josephson junctions based on individual trapping centers in the tunnel-barrier hybridized with electrons microresonators observed in Josephson-junction qubits R. W. Simmonds et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 077003 2004

von Delft, Jan

368

Nonlinear microwave impedance of short and long Josephson junctions Z. Zhai, Patanjali V. Parimi, and S. Sridhar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nonlinear microwave impedance of short and long Josephson junctions Z. Zhai, Patanjali V. Parimi ) of the microwave ac impedance R iX of both short and long Josephson junctions is calculated under a variety and fabricated Josephson junctions in the high temperature superconductors. When a dc field (bdc) or current (idc

Sridhar, Srinivas

369

Rabi Oscillations in a Large Josephson-Junction Qubit John M. Martinis, S. Nam, and J. Aumentado*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rabi Oscillations in a Large Josephson-Junction Qubit John M. Martinis, S. Nam, and J. Aumentado based on a large-area current-biased Josephson junction whose two lowest energy quantum levels are used. In this Letter, we present a new qubit designed around a 10 m scale Josephson junction in which the charging

Martinis, John M.

370

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON APPLIED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY, VOL. 13, NO. 2, JUNE 2003 989 Banishing Quasiparticles From Josephson-Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quasiparticles From Josephson-Junction Qubits: Why and How to do it K. M. Lang, S. Nam, J. Aumentado, C. Urbina, and John M. Martinis, Member, IEEE Abstract--Current-biased Josephson junctions are prime candidates are effective and that the design of Josephson-junction qubits must consider the role of quasiparticles. Index

Lang, Kristine M.

371

SPECTRAL ANALYSIS OF A PHASE LOCKED LASER AT 891 GHz, AN APPLICATION OF JOSEPHSON JUNCTIONS IN THE FAR INFRARED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

285 SPECTRAL ANALYSIS OF A PHASE LOCKED LASER AT 891 GHz, AN APPLICATION OF JOSEPHSON JUNCTIONS. Abstract. 2014 We have used a Josephson junction to investigate the spectral purity of an HCN laser which take advantage of the unique properties of the Josephson junction as a frequency multiplier and mixer

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

372

Coherence transition of small Josephson junctions coupled to a single-mode resonant cavity: Connection to the Dicke model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coherence transition of small Josephson junctions coupled to a single-mode resonant cavity 5 February 2009 PACS: 74.50.+r 74.25.Nf 85.25.Cp 64.60.Cn Keywords: Josephson junctions properties of a collection of N small Josephson junctions coupled to a single-mode resonant electromagnetic

Stroud, David

373

Evidence for triplet superconductivity in Josephson junctions with barriers of the ferromagnetic Heusler alloy Cu2MnAl  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evidence for triplet superconductivity in Josephson junctions with barriers of the ferromagnetic have studied Josephson junctions with barriers prepared from the Heusler compound Cu2MnAl. In the as metal. Measurements on lateral Josephson junctions with half metallic CrO2 Ref. 7 and the rare

Martinis, John M.

374

Wafer Bonding and Layer Transfer Processes for High Efficiency Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A wafer-bonded four-junction cell design consisting of InGaAs, InGaAsP, GaAs, and Ga0.5In0.5P subcells that could reach one-sun AM0 efficiencies of 35.4% is described. The design relies on wafer-bonding and layer transfer for integration of non-lattice-matched subcells. Wafer bonding and layer transfer processes have shown promise in the fabrication of InP/Si epitaxial templates for growth of the bottom InGaAs and InGaAsP subcells on a Si support substrate. Subsequent wafer bonding and layer transfer of a thin Ge layer onto the lower subcell stack can serve as an epitaxial template for GaAs and Ga0.5In0.5P subcells. Additionally, wafer bonded Ge/Si substrates offer the possibility to improve the mechanical performance of existing triple-junction solar cell designs, while simultaneously reducing their cost. Present results indicate that optically active III/V compound semiconductors can be grown on both Ge/Si and InP/Si heterostructures. Current-voltage electrical characterization of the interfaces of these structures indicates that both InP/Si and Ge/Si interfaces have specific resistances lower than 0.1 W?cm2 for heavily doped wafer bonded interfaces, enabling back surface power extraction from the finished cell structure.

Zahler, J. M.; Fontcuberta i Morral, A.; Ahn, C. G.; Atwater, H. A.; Wanlass, M. W.; Chu, C.; Iles, P. A.

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Ischemic preconditioning enhances integrity of coronary endothelial tight junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Cardiac tight junctions are present between coronary endothelial cells. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ischemic preconditioning preserves the structural and functional integrity of tight junctions. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Myocardial edema is prevented in hearts subjected to ischemic preconditioning. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ischemic preconditioning enhances translocation of ZO-2 from cytosol to cytoskeleton. -- Abstract: Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is one of the most effective procedures known to protect hearts against ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury. Tight junction (TJ) barriers occur between coronary endothelial cells. TJs provide barrier function to maintain the homeostasis of the inner environment of tissues. However, the effect of IPC on the structure and function of cardiac TJs remains unknown. We tested the hypothesis that myocardial IR injury ruptures the structure of TJs and impairs endothelial permeability whereas IPC preserves the structural and functional integrity of TJs in the blood-heart barrier. Langendorff hearts from C57BL/6J mice were prepared and perfused with Krebs-Henseleit buffer. Cardiac function, creatine kinase release, and myocardial edema were measured. Cardiac TJ function was evaluated by measuring Evans blue-conjugated albumin (EBA) content in the extravascular compartment of hearts. Expression and translocation of zonula occludens (ZO)-2 in IR and IPC hearts were detected with Western blot. A subset of hearts was processed for the observation of ultra-structure of cardiac TJs with transmission electron microscopy. There were clear TJs between coronary endothelial cells of mouse hearts. IR caused the collapse of TJs whereas IPC sustained the structure of TJs. IR increased extravascular EBA content in the heart and myocardial edema but decreased the expression of ZO-2 in the cytoskeleton. IPC maintained the structure of TJs. Cardiac EBA content and edema were reduced in IPC hearts. IPC enhanced the translocation of ZO-2 from cytosol to cytoskeleton. In conclusion, TJs occur in normal mouse heart. IPC preserves the integrity of TJ structure and function that are vulnerable to IR injury.

Li, Zhao [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD 57007 (United States)] [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD 57007 (United States); Jin, Zhu-Qiu, E-mail: zhu-qiu.jin@sdstate.edu [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD 57007 (United States)] [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD 57007 (United States)

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

376

Noise Effects on birhythmic Josephson Junction coupled to a Resonator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the effect of noise on a Josephson junction that, coupled to a linear $RLC$ resonator, can oscillate at two frequencies. To establish the global stability of the attractors, we estimate the position of the separatrix, an essential information to establish the stability of the attractor for this multidimensional system, from the analysis of the mean first passage time. We find that the frequency locked to the resonator is most stable at low bias, and less stable at high bias, where the resonator exhibits the largest oscillations. The change in the birhythmic region is dramatic, for the effective barrier changes of an order of magnitude and the corresponding lifetime of about seven decades.

R. Yamapi; G. Filatrella

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

377

Joule heating generated by spin current through Josephson junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We theoretically study the spin-polarized current flowing through a Josephson junction (JJ) in a spin injection device. When the spin-polarized current is injected from a ferromagnet in a superconductor (SC), the charge current is carried by the superconducting condensate (Cooper pairs), while the spin-up and spin-down currents flow in equal magnitude but in the opposite direction in a SC, because of no quasiparticle charge current in the SC. This indicates that not only the Josephson current but also the spin current flow across JJ at zero bias voltage, thereby generating Joule heating by the spin current. The result provides a new method for detecting the spin current by measuring Joule heating at JJ. {copyright} 2001 American Institute of Physics.

Takahashi, S.; Yamashita, T.; Koyama, T.; Maekawa, S.; Imamura, H.

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

False qubits?: Polarization of light and Josephson junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compare two physical systems: polarization degrees of freedom of a macroscopic light beam and the Josephson junction (JJ) in the "charge qubit regime". The first system obviously cannot carry genuine quantum information and we show that the maximal entanglement which could be encoded into polarization of two light beams scales like 1/(photon number). Two theories of JJ, one leading to the picture of "JJ-qubit" and the other based on the mean-field approach are discussed. The later, which seems to be more appropriate, implies that the JJ system is, essentially, mathematically equivalent to the polarization of a light beam with the number of photons replaced by the number of Cooper pairs. The existing experiments consistent with the "JJ-qubit" picture and the theoretical arguments supporting, on the contrary, the classical model are briefly discussed. The Franck-Hertz-type experiment is suggested as an ultimate test of the JJ nature.

Robert Alicki

2006-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

379

Nonequilibrium Transitions in Fully Frustrated Josephson Junction Arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the effect of thermal fluctuations in a fully frustrated Josephson junction array driven by a current I larger than the apparent critical current I{sub c}(T) . We calculate numerically the behavior of the chiral order parameter of Z{sub 2} symmetry and the transverse helicity modulus [related to the U(1) symmetry] as a function of temperature. We find that the Z{sub 2} transition occurs at a temperature T{sub Z{sub 2}}(I) which is lower than the temperature T{sub U(1)}(I) for the U(1) transition. Both transitions could be observed experimentally from measurements of the longitudinal and transverse voltages.

Marconi, Veronica I.; Dominguez, Daniel

2001-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

380

Classical resonance interactions and Josephson junction in macroscopic quantum dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown that the classical dynamics of 1:1 resonance interaction between two identical linearly coupled Duffing oscillators is equivalent to the symmetric (non-biased) case of `macroscopic' quantum dynamics of two weakly coupled Bose-Einstein condensates. The analogy develops through the boson Josephson junction equations, however, reduced to a single conservative energy partition (EP) oscillator. The derived oscillator is solvable in quadratures, furthermore it admits asymptotic solution in terms of elementary functions after transition to the action-angle variables. Energy partition and coherency indexes are introduced to provide a complete characterization of the system dynamic states through the state variables of the EP oscillator. In particular, nonlinear normal and local mode dynamics of the original system associate with equilibrium points of such oscillator. Additional equilibrium points - the local modes - may occur on high energy level as a result of the symmetry breaking bifurcation, which is ...

Pilipchuk, V N

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "junction adjacent layers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Mean Field Theory of Josephson Junction Arrays with Charge Frustration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the path integral approach, we provide an explicit derivation of the equation for the phase boundary for quantum Josephson junction arrays with offset charges and non-diagonal capacitance matrix. For the model with nearest neighbor capacitance matrix and uniform offset charge $q/2e=1/2$, we determine, in the low critical temperature expansion, the most relevant contributions to the equation for the phase boundary. We explicitly construct the charge distributions on the lattice corresponding to the lowest energies. We find a reentrant behavior even with a short ranged interaction. A merit of the path integral approach is that it allows to provide an elegant derivation of the Ginzburg-Landau free energy for a general model with charge frustration and non-diagonal capacitance matrix. The partition function factorizes as a product of a topological term, depending only on a set of integers, and a non-topological one, which is explicitly evaluated.

G. Grignani; A. Mattoni; P. Sodano; A. Trombettoni

1999-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

382

A bosonic Josephson junction controlled by a single trapped ion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We theoretically investigate the properties of a double-well bosonic Josephson junction coupled to a single trapped ion. We find that the coupling between the wells can be controlled by the internal state of the ion, which can be used for studying mesoscopic entanglement between the two systems and to measure their interaction with high precision. As a particular example we consider a small $^{87}$Rb Bose-Einstein condensate controlled by a single $^{171}$Yb$^+$ ion. We calculate interwell coupling rates reaching 100 Hz, while the state dependence amounts to 10s of Hz for plausible values of the currently unknown s-wave scattering length between the atom and the ion. The system could be realized in an experiment by combining trapped ions with optical dipole traps for cold atoms or in a combined atom-ion micro trap, where both approaches are within reach using current technology.

Gerritsma, R; Doerk, H; Idziaszek, Z; Calarco, T; Schmidt-Kaler, F

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Dissipative Nonlinear Josephson Junction of Optical Soliton and Surface Plasmon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine the dynamics of a dissipative photonic Josephson junction formed by the weak coupling of an optical soliton in a nonlinear dielectric waveguide and a co-propagating surface plasmon along a parallel metal surface with a linear dielectric spacer. We employ a heuristic model with a coupling function that depends on the soliton amplitude, and consider two phenomenological dissipation mechanisms separately: angular velocity dissipation and population imbalance dissipation. In the former dissipation mechanism, the system exhibits phase-slip phenomenon where the odd-\\pi phase modes decay into even-\\pi phase modes. The latter damping mechanism sculptures the phase-space significantly by introducing complex features, among which Hopf type bifurcations are notable. We show that some of the bifurcation points expand to stable limit cycles for certain regimes of the model parameters.

Ek?io?lu, Yasa; Güven, Kaan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

A bosonic Josephson junction controlled by a single trapped ion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We theoretically investigate the properties of a double-well bosonic Josephson junction coupled to a single trapped ion. We find that the coupling between the wells can be controlled by the internal state of the ion, which can be used for studying mesoscopic entanglement between the two systems and to measure their interaction with high precision. As a particular example we consider a single $^{87}$Rb atom and a small Bose-Einstein condensate controlled by a single $^{171}$Yb$^+$ ion. We calculate inter-well coupling rates reaching hundreds of Hz, while the state dependence amounts to tens of Hz for plausible values of the currently unknown s-wave scattering length between the atom and the ion. The analysis shows that it is possible to induce either the self-trapping or the tunneling regime, depending on the internal state of the ion. This enables the generation of large scale ion-atomic wavepacket entanglement within current technology.

R. Gerritsma; A. Negretti; H. Doerk; Z. Idziaszek; T. Calarco; F. Schmidt-Kaler

2012-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

385

Layered permeable systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Permeability is a second rank tensor relating flow rate to pressure gradient in a porous medium. If the permeability is a constant times the identity tensor the permeable medium is isotropic; otherwise it is anisotropic. A formalism is presented for the simple calculation of the permeability tensor of a heterogeneous layered system composed of interleaved thin layers of several permeable constituent porous media in the static limit. Corresponding to any cumulative thickness {ital H} of a constituent is an element consisting of scalar {ital H} and a matrix which is {ital H} times a hybrid matrix function of permeability. The calculation of the properties of a medium equivalent to the combination of permeable constituents may then be accomplished by simple addition of the corresponding scalar/matrix elements. Subtraction of an element removes a permeable constituent, providing the means to decompose a permeable medium into many possible sets of permeable constituents, all of which have the same flow properties. A set of layers of a constituent medium in the heterogeneous layered system with permeability of the order of 1{ital h} as {ital h} {r arrow} 0, where {ital h} is that constituent's concentration, acts as a set of infinitely thin channels and is a model for a set of parallel cracks or fractures. Conversely, a set of layers of a given constituent with permeability of the order of {ital h} as {ital h} {r arrow} 0 acts as a set of parallel flow barriers and models a set of parallel, relatively impermeable, interfaces, such as shale stringers or some faults.

Schoenberg, M. (Schlumberger-Doll Research, Ridgefield, CT (US))

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Synchronization of a Josephson junction array in terms of global variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider an array of Josephson junctions with a common LCR-load. Application of the Watanabe-Strogatz approach [Physica D, v. 74, p. 197 (1994)] allows us to formulate the dynamics of the array via the global variables only. For identical junctions this is a finite set of equations, analysis of which reveals the regions of bistability of the synchronous and asynchronous states. For disordered arrays with distributed parameters of the junctions, the problem is formulated as an integro-differential equation for the global variables, here stability of the asynchronous states and the properties of the transition synchrony-asynchrony are established numerically.

Vladimir Vlasov; Arkady Pikovsky

2013-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

387

Magnetic vortices in a distributed Josephson junction with electrodes of finite thickness  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A distributed Josephson junction with electrodes of finite thickness is considered in the case of high critical current density when the Josephson penetration depth {lambda}{sub {ital j}} is less than the London depth {lambda}{sub {ital L}}. A nonlinear nonlocal equation for steady-state distributions of phase difference {ital cphi} across the junction is derived. In the asymptotical case of thin electrodes an exact nonlinear solution for this equation which corresponds to an isolated at-rest Josephson vortex is found. A numerical investigation of the equation derived is carried out and some static and dynamic characteristics of vortices in such a Josephson junction are represented.

Alfimov, G.L.; Popkov, A.F. [F. V. Lukin`s Research Institute of Physicsl Problems, Zelenograd, Moscow, 103460 (Russian Federation)] [F. V. Lukin`s Research Institute of Physicsl Problems, Zelenograd, Moscow, 103460 (Russian Federation)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

A Controllable Interaction between Two-Level Systems inside a Josephson Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two-level system fluctuators (TLS's) in the tunnel barrier of a Josephson junction have recently been demonstrated to cause novel energy splittings in spectroscopic measurements of superconducting phase qubits. With their strong coupling to the Josephson junction and relatively long decoherence times, TLS's can be considered as potential qubits and demonstrate coherent quantum effects. Here, we study the effective interaction between the TLS qubits that is mediated by a Josephson junction resonator driven by an external microwave source. This effective interaction can enable controlled quantum logic gates between the TLS's. Our study can be extended to other superconducting resonators coupling with TLS's.

L. Tian; K. Jacobs

2009-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

389

Dissipative Dynamics of a Josephson Junction In the Bose-Gases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The dissipative dynamics of a Josephson junction in the Bose-gases is considered within the framework of the model of a tunneling Hamiltonian. The effective action which describes the dynamics of the phase difference across the junction is derived using functional integration method. The dynamic equation obtained for the phase difference across the junction is analyzed for the finite temperatures in the low frequency limit involving the radiation terms. The asymmetric case of the Bose-gases with the different order parameters is calculated as well.

R. A. Barankov; S. N. Burmistrov

2003-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

390

Tunneling in all-high-Tc edge junctions with deposited barriers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

All-high-Tc-material edge junctions consisting of laser-ablated Y-Ba-Cu-O electrodes and an in situ rf-sputter-deposited MgO barrier have been fabricated whose I-V characteristics show tunneling-related effects. These include a junction resistance with an exponential dependence on the nominal-barrier thickness, gaplike structure observed in the conductance curves, and Josephson effects. These properties are very sensitive to the choice of materials-processsing method for the junction interfaces.

R. B. Laibowitz, R. P. Robertazzi, R. H. Koch, A. Kleinsasser, J. R. Kirtley, J. M. Viggiano, R. L. Sandstrom, and W. J. Gallagher

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS--II: EXPRESS BRIEFS, VOL. 53, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2006 1031 Spiking and Bursting in Josephson Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spiking and Bursting in Josephson Junction Syamal Kumar Dana, Member, IEEE, Dipendra Chandra Sengupta of the resistive­capacitive­inductive shunted Josephson junction model. Regular spiking, intrinsic bursting--Bursting, Josephson junction, neuron, spiking. I. INTRODUCTION THE DYNAMICS of the Josephson junction under an ex

392

Ion transport and structure of layer-by-layer assemblies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Layer-by-layer (LbL) films of various architectures were examined as potential solid state electrolytes for electrochemical systems (e.g. batteries and fuel cells). The relationship between materials properties and ion ...

Lutkenhaus, Jodie Lee

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Layer-by-Layer Assembly of Rectifying Junctions in and on Metal Nanowires Nina I. Kovtyukhova,*,, Benjamin R. Martin, Jeremiah K. N. Mbindyo, Peter A. Smith,|  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,*,,§ Benjamin R. Martin, Jeremiah K. N. Mbindyo, Peter A. Smith,| Baharak Razavi,| Theresa S. Mayer,| and Thomas

394

Monitoring of the Airport Calibration Pads at Walker Field, Grand Junction,  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Monitoring of the Airport Calibration Pads at Walker Field, Grand Monitoring of the Airport Calibration Pads at Walker Field, Grand Junction, Colorado, for Long-Term Radiation Variations (August 1978) Monitoring of the Airport Calibration Pads at Walker Field, Grand Junction, Colorado, for Long-Term Radiation Variations (August 1978) Monitoring of the Airport Calibration Pads at Walker Field, Grand Junction, Colorado, for Long-Term Radiation Variations (August 1978) Monitoring of the Airport Calibration Pads at Walker Field, Grand Junction, Colorado, for Long-Term Radiation Variations (August 1978) More Documents & Publications Field Calibration Facilities for Environmental Measurement of Radium, Thorium, and Potassium (October 2013) Long-Term Surveillance Operations and Maintenance Fiscal Year 2013 Year-End Summary Report

395

Photo of the Week: An Express Train to Crescent Junction | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

An Express Train to Crescent Junction An Express Train to Crescent Junction Photo of the Week: An Express Train to Crescent Junction January 4, 2013 - 1:53pm Addthis In the 1950s, one of the largest uranium deposits in the U.S. was found near Moab, Utah. The Department of Energy began cleaning up the uranium mill tailings from the Moab Site in April 2009, using steel containers to transport more than five million tons of tailings for safe disposal near Crescent Junction, Utah. In this May 2012 photo, one of the trains is shown on the Union Pacific Railroad in Utah, passing a butte capped by a familiar southwest U.S. rock formation known as Navajo Sandstone. | Photo courtesy of the Department of Energy. In the 1950s, one of the largest uranium deposits in the U.S. was found near Moab, Utah. The Department of Energy began cleaning up the uranium

396

Novel Materials and Structures for Super High Efficiency Multi-Junction Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

III–V compound multi-junction solar cells have great potential for space and terrestrial applications because they have high efficiency potential of more than 50% and superior ... bottom cell, we have demonstrate...

Masafumi Yamaguchi; Hidetoshi Suzuki…

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Improved synthesis of carbon nanotubes with junctions and of single-walled carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pyrolysis of thiophene over nickel nanoparticles dispersed on silica is shown to yield Y-junction carbon nanotubes with smaller diameters than those obtained by ... pyrolysis of organometallic-hydrocarbon mixture...

F. L. Deepak; A. Govindaraj; C. N. R. Rao

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Systematic oversteepening in longitudinal profiles of mixed bedrock-alluvial channels at tributary junctions : Appalachians, Virginia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Certain mixed bedrock/alluvial channels located in the Valley and Ridge province of the Appalachians in Virginia were identified as having a pattern of systematic oversteepening of channel gradients at tributary junctions. ...

Windhorst, Leah M. (Leah Marie), 1981-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Design of a scanning Josephson junction microscope for submicron-resolution magnetic imaging  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe a magnetic field scanning instrument designed to extend the spatial resolution of scanning superconducting quantum interference device microscopy into the submicron regime. This instrument, the scanning Josephson junction microscope, scans a single Josephson junction across the surface of a sample, detecting the local magnetic field by the modulation of the junction critical current. By using a submicron junction and a scanning tunneling microscope feedback system to maintain close proximity to the surface, magnetic field sensitivity of 10 {mu}G with a spatial resolution of 0.3 {mu}m should be attainable, opening up new opportunities for imaging vortex configurations and core structure in superconductors and magnetic domains in magnetic materials. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}

Plourde, B.L.; Van Harlingen, D.J. [Department of Physics, Science and Technology Center for Superconductivity, and Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Science and Technology Center for Superconductivity, and Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Eigenstates of a Small Josephson Junction Coupled to a Resonant Cavity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We carry out a quantum-mechanical analysis of a small Josephson junction coupled to a single-mode resonant cavity. We find that the eigenstates of the combined junction-cavity system are strongly entangled only when the gate voltage applied at one of the superconducting islands is tuned to certain special values. One such value corresponds to the resonant absorption of a single photon by Cooper pairs in the junction. Another special value corresponds to a {\\em two-photon} absorption process. Near the single-photon resonant absorption, the system is accurately described by a simplified model in which only the lowest two levels of the Josephson junction are retained in the Hamiltonian matrix. We noticed that this approximation does not work very well as the number of photons in the resonator increases. Our system shows also the phenomenon of ``collapse and revival'' under suitable initial conditions, and our full numerical solution agrees with the two level approximation result.

W. A. Al-Saidi; D. Stroud

2001-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "junction adjacent layers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Temperature study of Zero Bias Features using self-assembling tunnel junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The significant reduction in the conductance of a tunneling system near zero bias voltage is termed the Zero Bias Feature (ZBF). A ³He cryostat has been modified to incorporate a Self-Assembling Tunnel Junction (SATJ), capable of performing...

Savitski, Stephen Ronald

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

402

The fabrication of high quality silicon junction detectors by low energy ion implantation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High quality silicon junction detectors have been made by implantation of boron and phosphorus ions into silicon wafers. Resolutions of 20 keV for Po ?-particles were obtained.

S. Kalbitzer; R. Bader; H. Herzer; K. Bethge

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkanedithiol single-molecule junctions...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

electrodes to form a metal-molecule- metal junction. Alkanedithiols with 5, 6, 8 and 9 carbon atoms were... mode). As there are no clear multiples of the GA and GB, GC seems to...

404

Method And Apparatus For Reducing Sample Dispersion In Turns And Junctions Of Micro-Channel Systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

What is disclosed pertains to improvement in the performance of microchannel devices by providing turns, wyes, tees, and other junctions that produce little dispersion of a sample as it traverses the turn or junction. The reduced dispersion results from contraction and expansion regions that reduce the cross-sectional area over some portion of the turn or junction. By carefully designing the geometries of these regions, sample dispersion in turns and junctions is reduced to levels comparable to the effects of ordinary diffusion. The low dispersion features are particularly suited for microfluidic devices and systems using either electromotive force, pressure, or combinations thereof as the principle of fluid transport. Such microfluidic devices and systems are useful for separation of components, sample transport, reaction, mixing, dilution or synthesis, or combinations thereof.

Griffiths, Stewart K. (Danville, CA), Nilson, Robert H. (Cardiff-by-the-Sea, CA)

2004-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

405

3-D Nano-mechanics of an Erythrocyte Junctional Comples in Equibiaxial and Anisotropic Deformations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3-D Nano-mechanics of an Erythrocyte Junctional Complex inCA, 92093, USA Running title: Nano-mechanics of Erythrocytefashion. This newly predicted nano-mechanics in response to

Vera, Carlos; Skelton, Robert; Sung, Amy

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Temporal stability of Y Ba Cu O nano Josephson junctions from ion irradiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

stability of Y-Ba-Cu-O nano Josephson junctions from ionion irradiation through a nano-scale implant mask fabricateda two-dimensional array,” Nano Letters, 9, pp. 3581-3585, [

Cybart, Shane A.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Resonant escape over an oscillating barrier in underdamped Josephson tunnel junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The escape from a metastable state over an oscillating barrier of an underdamped Josephson tunnel junction has been experimentally investigated with oscillation frequency well separated from the plasma frequency of the ...

Han, Siyuan; Yu, Yang

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Ab initio Electronic Structure Calculations of Metal-Vacuum-Metal Junctions in Nonequilibrium Situations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electronic structures of bielectrode junctions under external bias voltages were recently solved numerically on an ab initio basis using nonequilibrium Green-function methods in combination with the density-funct...

Karel Carva; Ilja Turek

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Mechanisms underlying rapid activity-dependent structural plasticity at Drosophila neuromuscular junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Drosophila neuromuscular junction (NMJ) is capable of rapidly budding new presynaptic varicosities over the course of minutes in response to elevated neuronal activity. Using live imaging of synaptic growth, we ...

Piccioli, Zachary D. (Zachary David)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

0.7-eV GaInAs Junction for a GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs(1eV)/GaInAs(0.7eV) Four-Junction Solar Cell  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We discuss recent developments in III-V multijunction solar cells, focusing on adding a fourth junction to the Ga{sub 0.5}In{sub 0.5} P/GaAs/Ga{sub 0.75}In{sub 0.25}As inverted three-junction cell. This cell, grown inverted on GaAs so that the lattice-mismatched Ga{sub 0.75}In{sub 0.25}As third junction is the last one grown, has demonstrated 38% efficiency, and 40% is likely in the near future. To achieve still further gains, a lower-bandgap Ga{sub x}In{sub 1-x}As fourth junction could be added to the three-junction structure for a four-junction cell whose efficiency could exceed 45% under concentration. Here, we present the initial development of the Ga{sub x}In{sub 1-x}As fourth junction. Junctions of various bandgaps ranging from 0.88 to 0.73 eV were grown, in order to study the effect of the different amounts of lattice mismatch. At a bandgap of 0.88 eV, junctions were obtained with very encouraging {approx}80% quantum efficiency, 57% fill factor, and 0.36 eV open-circuit voltage. The device performance degrades with decreasing bandgap (i.e., increasing lattice mismatch). We model the four-junction device efficiency vs. fourth junction bandgap to show that an 0.7-eV fourth-junction bandgap, while optimal if it could be achieved in practice, is not necessary; an 0.9-eV bandgap would still permit significant gains in multijunction cell efficiency while being easier to achieve than the lower-bandgap junction.

Friedman, D. J.; Geisz, J. F.; Norman, A. G.; Wanlass, M. W.; Kurtz, S. R.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

CFD validation in OECD/NEA t-junction benchmark.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When streams of rapidly moving flow merge in a T-junction, the potential arises for large oscillations at the scale of the diameter, D, with a period scaling as O(D/U), where U is the characteristic flow velocity. If the streams are of different temperatures, the oscillations result in experimental fluctuations (thermal striping) at the pipe wall in the outlet branch that can accelerate thermal-mechanical fatigue and ultimately cause pipe failure. The importance of this phenomenon has prompted the nuclear energy modeling and simulation community to establish a benchmark to test the ability of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) codes to predict thermal striping. The benchmark is based on thermal and velocity data measured in an experiment designed specifically for this purpose. Thermal striping is intrinsically unsteady and hence not accessible to steady state simulation approaches such as steady state Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) models.1 Consequently, one must consider either unsteady RANS or large eddy simulation (LES). This report compares the results for three LES codes: Nek5000, developed at Argonne National Laboratory (USA), and Cabaret and Conv3D, developed at the Moscow Institute of Nuclear Energy Safety at (IBRAE) in Russia. Nek5000 is based on the spectral element method (SEM), which is a high-order weighted residual technique that combines the geometric flexibility of the finite element method (FEM) with the tensor-product efficiencies of spectral methods. Cabaret is a 'compact accurately boundary-adjusting high-resolution technique' for fluid dynamics simulation. The method is second-order accurate on nonuniform grids in space and time, and has a small dispersion error and computational stencil defined within one space-time cell. The scheme is equipped with a conservative nonlinear correction procedure based on the maximum principle. CONV3D is based on the immersed boundary method and is validated on a wide set of the experimental and benchmark data. The numerical scheme has a very small scheme diffusion and is the second and the first order accurate in space and time, correspondingly. We compare and contrast simulation results for three computational fluid dynamics codes CABARET, Conv3D, and Nek5000 for the T-junction thermal striping problem that was the focus of a recent OECD/NEA blind benchmark. The corresponding codes utilize finite-difference implicit large eddy simulation (ILES), finite-volume LES on fully staggered grids, and an LES spectral element method (SEM), respectively. The simulations results are in a good agreement with experimenatl data. We present results from a study of sensitivity to computational mesh and time integration interval, and discuss the next steps in the simulation of this problem.

Obabko, A. V.; Fischer, P. F.; Tautges, T. J.; Karabasov, S.; Goloviznin, V. M.; Zaytsev, M. A.; Chudanov, V. V.; Pervichko, V. A.; Aksenova, A. E. (Mathematics and Computer Science); (Cambridge Univ.); (Moscow Institute of Nuclar Energy Safety)

2011-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

412

DOE/Grand Junction Office Bluewater LTSP July 1997 Doc. No. S00012AA, Page iii  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

DOE/Grand Junction Office Bluewater LTSP DOE/Grand Junction Office Bluewater LTSP July 1997 Doc. No. S00012AA, Page iii Contents Page 1.0 Introduction .........................................................................................................................................1 1.1 Purpose ................................................................................................................................1 1.2 Legal and Regulatory Requirements .................................................................................. 1 1.3 Role of the Department of Energy ..................................................................................... 2 1.4 Disposal of Mill Waste Containing Polychlorinated Biphenyls ........................................ 2 2.0 Bluewater Disposal Site .....................................................................................................................

413

Quantum Robust Stability of a Small Josephson Junction in a Resonant Cavity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper applies recent results on the robust stability of nonlinear quantum systems to the case of a Josephson junction in a resonant cavity. The Josephson junction is characterized by a Hamiltonian operator which contains a non-quadratic term involving a cosine function. This leads to a sector bounded nonlinearity which enables the previously developed theory to be applied to this system in order to analyze its stability.

Ian R. Petersen

2013-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

414

Studies of chaos and thermal noise in a driven Josephson junction using an electronic analog  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using an electronic analog of a resistively shunted driven Josephson junction, the authors have demonstrated a number of effects, including the appearance of a devil's staircase in the current-voltage characteristic, the onset of chaos, and the effect of noise on these phenomena. The authors stress that the analog is simple, but models the junction behavior with a high degree of accuracy and detail.

Pegrum, C.M.; Gurney, W.S.C.; Nisbet, R.M.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Theory of Leakage Preventing Layer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is a brand new concept for leakage prevention layer. The practice to place HEPA filter at the terminal is improved when the theory of leakage prevention layer applies, which becomes the core of novel air distr...

Zhonglin Xu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Single Molecule Junctions: A Laboratory for Chemistry, Mechanics and Bond Rupture  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Simultaneous measurement [1] of junction conductance and sustained force in single molecule junctions bridging metal electrodes provides a powerful tool in the quantitative study of the character of molecule-metal bonds. In this talk I will discuss three topics. First, I will describe chemical trends in link bond strength based on experiments and Density Functional Theory based calculations. Second, I will focus on the specific case of pyridine-linked junctions. Bond rupture from the high conductance junction structure shows a requires a force that exceeds the rupture force of gold point contacts and clearly indicates the role of additional forces, beyond the specific N-Au donor acceptor bond. DFT-D2 calculations with empirical addition of dispersion interactions illustrates the interplay between the donor-acceptor bonding and the non-specific van der Waals interactions between the pyridine rings and Au asperities. Third, I will describe recent efforts to characterize the diversity of junction structures realized in break-junction experiments with suitable models for the potential surfaces that are observed. [1] Venkataraman Group, Columbia University.

Hybertsen M. S.

2013-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

417

Spin Josephson effect in topological superconductor-ferromagnet junction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The composite topological superconductor (TS), made of one-dimensional spin-orbit coupled nanowire with proximity-induced s-wave superconductivity, is not a pure p-wave superconductor but still has a suppressed s-wave pairing. We propose to probe the spin texture of the p-wave pairing in this composite TS by examining possible spin supercurrents in an unbiased TS/ferromagnet junction. It is found that both the exchange-coupling induced and spin-flip reflection induced spin currents exist in the setup and survive even in the topological phase. We showed that besides the nontrivial p-wave pairing state accounting for Majorana Fermions, there shall be a trivial p-wave pairing state that contributes to spin supercurrent. The trivial p-wave pairing state is diagnosed from the mixing effect between the suppressed s-wave pairing and the topologically nontrivial p-wave pairing. The d vector of the TS is proved not to be rigorously perpendicular to the spin projection of p-wave pairings. Our findings are also confirmed by the Kitaev's p-wave model with a nonzero s-wave pairing.

Ren, C. D.; Wang, J., E-mail: jwang@seu.edu.cn [Department of Physics, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096 (China)

2014-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

418

Spin torque in magnetic tunnel junctions with asymmetric barriers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We derive expressions for both parallel and perpendicular components of spin transfer torque (STT) in magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs), which have several important advantages over the currently available expressions: First they are derived in a more realistic approximation, resulting in excellent agreement with exact results even in the presence of resonant tunneling. Second, we show that they can be expressed in terms of the scattering matrix elements, which gives them a clear physical interpretation. Third, they are given entirely in terms of collinear quantities, which are readily available in existing transport codes. We use these expressions to investigate STT behavior in MTJs with asymmetric barriers at finite bias. The results show that lowering the barrier height in the bulk does not qualitatively change the behavior of STT. The absolute STT increases on account of the overall increase of the barrier transparency; however, the STT efficiency remains in the same range. At the same time, modifications of the interfaces can qualitatively change STT behavior. Thus, interface engineering can be used to control the bias dependence of STT and optimize the performance of STT-based devices.

Alan Kalitsov; Whasington Silvestre; Mairbek Chshiev; Julian P. Velev

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

419

Quantum Terahertz Electrodynamics and Macroscopic Quantum Tunneling in Layered Superconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of macroscopic quantum tunneling (MQT) in stacks of intrinsic Josephson junctions. Because of the long numbers: 74.72.Hs, 74.78.Fk The recent surge of interest in stacks of intrinsic Josephson junctions of stacks of Josephson junctions in quantum electronics [6]. This requires a quantum theory capable

Nori, Franco

420

Apparatus and methods for impingement cooling of an undercut region adjacent a side wall of a turbine nozzle segment  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A gas turbine nozzle segment has outer and inner bands. Each band includes a side wall, a cover and an impingement plate between the cover and nozzle wall defining two cavities on opposite sides of the impingement plate. Cooling steam is supplied to one cavity for flow through apertures of the impingement plate to cool the nozzle wall. The side wall of the band and inturned flange define with the nozzle wall an undercut region. The inturned flange has a plurality of apertures for directing cooling steam to cool the side wall between adjacent nozzle segments.

Burdgick, Steven Sebastian (Schenectady, NY); Itzel, Gary Michael (Simpsonville, SC)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "junction adjacent layers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Metal deposition using seed layers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods of forming a conductive metal layers on substrates are disclosed which employ a seed layer to enhance bonding, especially to smooth, low-roughness or hydrophobic substrates. In one aspect of the invention, the seed layer can be formed by applying nanoparticles onto a surface of the substrate; and the metallization is achieved by electroplating an electrically conducting metal onto the seed layer, whereby the nanoparticles serve as nucleation sites for metal deposition. In another approach, the seed layer can be formed by a self-assembling linker material, such as a sulfur-containing silane material.

Feng, Hsein-Ping; Chen, Gang; Bo, Yu; Ren, Zhifeng; Chen, Shuo; Poudel, Bed

2013-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

422

Multijunction photovoltaic device and fabrication method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multijunction photovoltaic device includes first and second amorphous silicon PIN photovoltaic cells in a stacked arrangement. An interface layer, composed of a doped silicon compound, is disposed between the two cells and has a lower bandgap than the respective n- and p-type adjacent layers of the first and second cells. The interface layer forms an ohmic contact with the one or the adjacent cell layers of the same conductivity type, and a tunnel junction with the other of the adjacent cell layers. The disclosed device is fabricated by a glow discharge process.

Arya, Rajeewa R. (Jamison, PA); Catalano, Anthony W. (Furlong, PA)

1993-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

423

Room temperature solution-processed electron transport layer for organic solar cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We present a new recipe for a solution-processed titanium oxide (TiOx) based electron transport layer at room temperature. Due to its high chemical compatibility with all types of organic blends (semi-crystalline or amorphous) and it is good adhesion to both surfaces of glass/ITO substrate and the active layer (blend), the buffer layer is suitable for use in organic solar cell devices with conventional, inverted or multi-junction structures. The main goal of this recipe is producing with easiness an repeatable and stable precursor that will leads to titanium oxide buffer layer each time with the same quality. Since the processing of the titanium oxide layer itself does not require any initial or additional treatment before and after the coating, and can even be carried in air as well as under protective atmosphere, our room temperature solution-processed electron transport layer is highly versatile and very promising for cost effective mass production of organic solar cells.

A. Hadipour; R. Müller; P. Heremans

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Investigation of Junction Properties of CdS/CdTe Solar Cells and their Correlation to Device Properties (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the Junction Studies are: (1) understand the nature of the junction in the CdTe/CdS device; (2) correlate the device fabrication parameters to the junction formation; and (3) develop a self consistent device model to explain the device properties. Detailed analysis of CdS/CdTe and SnO{sub 2}/CdTe devices prepared using CSS CdTe is discussed.

Dhere, R. G.; Zhang, Y.; Romero, M. J.; Asher, S. E.; Young, M.; To, B.; Noufi, R.; Gessert, T. A.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Photocurrent Generation in Layer-By-Layer Assembled Dendrimers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Photocurrent Generation in Layer-By-Layer Assembled Dendrimers with Photocurrent Generation in Layer-By-Layer Assembled Dendrimers with Ruthenium Tris-bipyridine Peripheral Groups and a Viologen-like Core Manal Abi Saab, Rouba Abdel-Malak, James F. Wishart, and Tarek H. Ghaddar Langmuir 23, 10807-10815 (2007). [Find paper at ACS Publications] Abstract: The photophysical and photoelectrochemical properties of first- and second-generation dendrimers with ruthenium tris-bipyridine peripheral groups and a tri-viologen like core (Ru3V3 and Ru6V3) were investigated in solution and when embedded within assembled films. The stepwise assembly of these dendrimers on quartz and ITO surfaces utilizing the layer-by-layer approach was investigated. The amount of the assembled dendrimers was found to increase on going to the higher generation dendrimer. This dendrimer

426

Immunomodulation by atorvastatin upregulates expression of gap junction proteins in coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3)-induced myocarditis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To investigate the effect of atorvastatin on myocardial expression of gap junction proteins, connexins (Cxs), during coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3)-induced myocarditis.

Alian Zhang; Huili Zhang; Shiyao Wu

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Junction Evolution During Fabrication of CdS/CdTe Thin-film PV Solar Cells (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Discussion of the formation of CdTe thin-film PV junctions and optimization of CdTe thin-film PV solar cells.

Gessert, T. A.

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

DOE/EA-1312: Environmental Assessment of Ground Water Compliance at the Grand Junction UMTRA Project Site (Climax Uranium Millsite) (September 1999)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2 2 Rev. 0 Environmental Assessment of Ground Water Compliance at the Grand Junction UMTRA Project Site (Climax Uranium Millsite) Final September 1999 Prepared by U.S. Department of Energy Grand Junction Office Grand Junction, Colorado Work Performed Under DOE Contract No. DE-AC13-96GJ87335 for the U.S. Department of Energy EA of Ground Water Compliance at the Grand Junction UMTRA Project Site DOE Grand Junction Office Page ii Final September 1999 Contents Executive Summary.........................................................................................................................v 1.0 Introduction...............................................................................................................................1 1.1 Grand Junction UMTRA Project Site Location and Description.........................................1

429

Vortex motion in Josephson-junction arrays near f=0 and f=1/2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study vortex motion in two-dimensional Josephson arrays at magnetic fields near zero and one-half flux quanta per plaquette (f=0 and f=1/2). The array is modeled as a network of resistively and capacitively shunted Josephson junctions at temperature T=0. Calculations are carried out over a range of the McCumber-Stewart junction damping parameter ?. Near both f=0 and f=1/2, the I-V characteristics exhibit two critical currents, Ic1(f) and Ic2(f), representing the critical current for depinning a single vortex, and for depinning the entire ground-state phase configuration. Near f=0, single vortex motion just above Ic1(0) leads to Josephson-like voltage oscillations. The motion of the vortex is seemingly overdamped (i.e., nonhysteretic) even when the individual junction parameters are highly underdamped, in agreement with experiments. At sufficiently large ?, and sufficiently high vortex velocity, the vortex breaks up into a row of resistively switched junctions perpendicular to the current. Near f=1/2, the vortex potential, and corresponding vortex trajectories, are more complicated than near f=0. Nevertheless, the vortex is still ‘‘overdamped’’ even when the individual junctions are highly underdamped, and there is still row-switching behavior at large values of ?. A high-energy vortex in a very underdamped array tends to generate resistively switched rows rather than to move ballistically. Some possible explanations for this behavior are discussed.

Wenbin Yu; K. H. Lee; D. Stroud

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Artificial Neural Networks Single Layer Networks Multi Layer Networks Generalization Artificial Neural Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Artificial Neural Networks Single Layer Networks Multi Layer Networks Generalization Artificial Neural Networks Artificial Neural Networks Single Layer Networks Multi Layer Networks Generalization 1 Artificial Neural Networks Properties Applications Classical Examples Biological Background 2 Single Layer

Kjellström, Hedvig

431

Phase retrapping in a pointlike $\\varphi$ Josephson junction: the Butterfly effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a $\\varphi$ Josephson junction, which has a bistable zero-voltage state with the stationary phases $\\psi=\\pm\\varphi$. In the non-zero voltage state the phase "moves" viscously along a tilted periodic double-well potential. When the tilting is reduced quasistatically, the phase is retrapped in one of the potential wells. We study the viscous phase dynamics to determine in which well ($-\\varphi$ or $+\\varphi$) the phase is retrapped for a given damping, when the junction returns from the finite-voltage state back to zero-voltage state. In the limit of low damping the $\\varphi$ Josephson junction exhibits a butterfly effect --- extreme sensitivity of the destination well on damping. This leads to an impossibility to predict the destination well.

E. Goldobin; R. Kleiner; D. Koelle; R. G. Mints

2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

432

Bunching of fluxons in a long Josephson junction with surface losses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is known that the sine-Gordon model of a long Josephson junction with a surface-loss term predicts a spatially oscillating trailing tail of a strongly contracted fluxon. In the present work, it is demonstrated that this should give rise to bunched (bound) states of fluxons, although the onset of the bunching drastically differs from the standard situation recently investigated in terms of the perturbed nonlinear Schroedinger model. Influence of the bunching on the [ital I]-[ital V] characteristic of an annular junction with a finite number of trapped fluxons is analyzed qualitatively. It is demonstrated that the bunching may set in with a small hysteresis, and it increases voltage at a given current. The latter effect has been observed in most recent experiments with the annular junction.

Malomed, B.A. (Department of Physics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1110 West Green Street, Urbana, Illinois (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Alternating dynamic state in intrinsic Josephson-junction stacks self-generated by internal resonance.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Intrinsic Josephson-junction stacks realized in high-temperature superconductors provide a very attractive base for developing coherent sources of electromagnetic radiation in the terahertz frequency range. A promising way to synchronize phase oscillations in all the junctions is to excite an internal cavity resonance. We demonstrate that this resonance promotes the formation of an alternating coherent state, in which the system spontaneously splits into two subsystems with different phase-oscillation patterns. There is a static phase shift between the oscillations in the two subsystems, which changes from 0 to 2 in a narrow region near the stack center. The oscillating electric and magnetic fields are almost homogeneous in all the junctions. The formation of this state promotes efficient pumping of the energy into the cavity resonance leading to strong resonance features in the current-voltage dependence.

Koshelev, A. E.; Materials Science Division

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Nonequilibrium transport through quantum-wire junctions and boundary defects for free massless bosonic fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a model of quantum-wire junctions where the latter are described by conformal-invariant boundary conditions of the simplest type in the multicomponent compactified massless scalar free field theory representing the bosonized Luttinger liquids in the bulk of wires. The boundary conditions result in the scattering of charges across the junction with nontrivial reflection and transmission amplitudes. The equilibrium state of such a system, corresponding to inverse temperature $\\beta$ and electric potential $V$, is explicitly constructed both for finite and for semi-infinite wires. In the latter case, a stationary nonequilibrium state describing the wires kept at different temperatures and potentials may be also constructed. The main result of the present paper is the calculation of the full counting statistics (FCS) of the charge and energy transfers through the junction in a nonequilibrium situation. Explicit expressions are worked out for the generating function of FCS and its large-deviations asym...

Gaw?dzki, Krzysztof

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Delocalised oxygen as the origin of two-level defects in Josephson junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One of the key problems facing superconducting qubits and other Josephson junction devices is the decohering effects of bi-stable material defects. Although a variety of phenomenological models exist, the true microscopic origin of these defects remains elusive. For the first time we show that these defects may arise from delocalisation of the atomic position of the oxygen in the oxide forming the Josephson junction barrier. Using a microscopic model, we compute experimentally observable parameters for phase qubits. Such defects are charge neutral but have non-zero response to both applied electric field and strain. This may explain the observed long coherence time of two-level defects in the presence of charge noise, while still coupling to the junction electric field and substrate phonons.

Timothy C. DuBois; Manolo C. Per; Salvy P. Russo; Jared H. Cole

2012-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

436

(STARC), (), (NEC), () 1st. Layer 2nd. Layer 3rd. Layer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, , , , , , (STARC), (), (NEC), () PG401 Program BPA RB SB BPA RB SB BPA RB SB BPA RB SB BPA RB SB BPA RB SB BPA RB SB 1st. Layer 2nd. Layer 3rd. Layer Total System BPA BPA 1 BPA 3 BPA2 BPA 4 BPA 5 BPA 6 RB 7 RB15 BPA 8 BPA 9 BPA 10 RB 11 BPA 12 BPA 13 RB 14 RB END RB RB BPA RB Data

Kasahara, Hironori

437

Magnetic properties of layered antiferromagnets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Magnetic properties of layered antiferromagnets have been studied using correlated effective field (CEF) theory developed by M. E. Lines. This theory goes beyond mean-field theory and correctly reproduces the experimental results. The theory is used here to interpret the magnetic order parameter and the susceptibilities of the FePS3 compound, which is a layered antiferromagnet with a marked Ising anisotropy.

Ibha Chatterjee

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Ground-water hydrology of the Panther Junction area of Big Bend National Park, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GROUND-WATER HYDROLOGY OF THE PANTHER JUNCTION AREA OF BIG BEND NATIONAL PARK, TEXAS A Thesis by JOHN LAWRENCE GIBSON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1983 Major Subject: Geology GROUND-WATER HYDROLOGY OF THE PANTHER JUNCTION AREA OF BIG BEND NATIONAL PARK, TEXAS A Thesis by JOHN LAWRENCE GIBSON Approved as to style and content by: Melv'n C. Schroeder (Chairman...

Gibson, John Lawrence

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

439

Detection of coherent superpositions of phase states by full counting statistics in a Bose Josephson junction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study a Bose Josephson junction realized with a double-well potential. We propose a strategy to observe the coherent superpositions of phase states occurring during the time evolution after a sudden rise of the barrier separating the two wells. We show that their phase content can be obtained by the full counting statistics of the spin-boson operators characterizing the junction, which could be mapped out by repeated measurements of the population imbalance after rotation of the state. This measurement can distinguish between coherent superpositions and incoherent mixtures, and can be used for a two-dimensional tomographic reconstruction of the phase content of the state.

Ferrini, G.; Minguzzi, A.; Hekking, F. W. J. [Laboratoire de Physique et Modelisation des Milieux Condenses, Universite Joseph Fourier-CNRS, BP 166, 38042 Grenoble (France)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

440

Direct Observation of Tunneling and Nonlinear Self-Trapping in a Single Bosonic Josephson Junction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the first realization of a single bosonic Josephson junction, implemented by two weakly linked Bose-Einstein condensates in a double-well potential. In order to fully investigate the nonlinear tunneling dynamics we measure the density distribution in situ and deduce the evolution of the relative phase between the two condensates from interference fringes. Our results verify the predicted nonlinear generalization of tunneling oscillations in superconducting and superfluid Josephson junctions. Additionally, we confirm a novel nonlinear effect known as macroscopic quantum self-trapping, which leads to the inhibition of large amplitude tunneling oscillations.

Albiez, Michael; Gati, Rudolf; Foelling, Jonas; Hunsmann, Stefan; Oberthaler, Markus K. [Kirchhoff-Institut fuer Physik, Universitaet Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 227, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Cristiani, Matteo [CNR-INFM, Dipartimento di Fisica E. Fermi, Universita di Pisa, Largo B. Pontecorvo 3, I-56127 Pisa (Italy)

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "junction adjacent layers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Defect motion and lattice pinning barriers in Josephson-junction ladders  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the motion of domain wall defects in a fully frustrated Josephson-junction ladder system, driven by small applied currents. For small system sizes, the energy barrier E{sub B} to the defect motion is computed analytically via symmetry and topological considerations. More generally, we perform numerical simulations directly on the equations of motion, based on the resistively-shunted junction model, to study the dynamics of defects, varying the system size. Coherent motion of domain walls is observed for large system sizes. In the thermodynamical limit, we find E{sub B}=0.1827 in units of the Josephson coupling energy.

Kang, H.; Lim, Jong Soo [Department of Physics and Center for Theoretical Physics, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-747 (Korea, Republic of); Fortin, J.-Y. [Laboratoire de Physique Theorique, Universite Louis Pasteur, 67084 Strasbourg (France); Choi, J. [Department of Physics, Keimyung University, Daegu 704-701 (Korea, Republic of); Choi, M. Y. [Department of Physics and Center for Theoretical Physics, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-747 (Korea, Republic of); Korea Institute for Advanced Study, Seoul 130-722 (Korea, Republic of)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Atomic delocalisation as a microscopic origin of two-level defects in Josephson junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Identifying the microscopic origins of decoherence sources prevalent in Josephson junction based circuits is central to their use as functional quantum devices. Focussing on so called "strongly coupled" two-level defects, we construct a theoretical model using the atomic position of the oxygen which is spatially delocalised in the oxide forming the Josephson junction barrier. Using this model, we investigate which atomic configurations give rise to two-level behaviour of the type seen in experiments. We compute experimentally observable parameters for phase qubits and examine defect response under the effects of applied electric field and strain.

Timothy C. DuBois; Salvy P. Russo; Jared H. Cole

2014-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

443

Strongly-coupled Josephson junction array for simulation of frustrated one-dimensional spin models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the capacitance-coupled Josephson junction array beyond the small-coupling limit. We find that, when the scale of the system is large, its Hamiltonian can be obtained without the small-coupling approximation and the system can be used to simulate strongly frustrated one-dimensional Ising spin problems. To engineer the system Hamiltonian for an ideal theoretical model, we apply a dynamical decoupling technique to eliminate undesirable couplings in the system. Using a 6-site junction array as an example, we numerically evaluate the system to show that it exhibits important characteristics of the frustrated spin model.

Liang-Hui Du; Xingxiang Zhou; Yong-Jian Han; Guang-Can Guo; Zheng-Wei Zhou

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

444

Manipulating the magnetic state of a carbon nanotube Josephson junction using the superconducting phase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the supercurrent of a carbon nanotube quantum dot Josephson junction in a parameter regime in which the Kondo energy and the superconducting gap are of comparable size. For gate voltages in the vicinity of a Kondo ridge the superconducting phase difference can then be used to tune the magnetic state from a singlet to a doublet. Accordingly our measured current phase relation crosses over from 0 to $\\pi$-junction behavior, exhibiting strong anharmonicities. The experimental results are in excellent agreement with our numerically exact finite temperature quantum Monte Carlo simulations and provide insights on the phase-controlled level-crossing transition at zero temperature.

R. Delagrange; D. J. Luitz; R. Weil; A. Kasumov; V. Meden; H. Bouchiat; R. Deblock

2015-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

445

Hetero-junctions of Boron Nitride and Carbon Nanotubes: Synthesis and Characterization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hetero-junctions of boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are expected to have appealing new properties that are not available from pure BNNTs and CNTs. Theoretical studies indicate that BNNT/CNT junctions could be multifunctional and applicable as memory, spintronic, electronic, and photonics devices with tunable band structures. This will lead to energy and material efficient multifunctional devices that will be beneficial to the society. However, experimental realization of BNNT/CNT junctions was hindered by the absent of a common growth technique for BNNTs and CNTs. In fact, the synthesis of BNNTs was very challenging and may involve high temperatures (up to 3000 degree Celsius by laser ablation) and explosive chemicals. During the award period, we have successfully developed a simple chemical vapor deposition (CVD) technique to grow BNNTs at 1100-1200 degree Celsius without using dangerous chemicals. A series of common catalyst have then been identified for the synthesis of BNNTs and CNTs. Both of these breakthroughs have led to our preliminary success in growing two types of BNNT/CNT junctions and two additional new nanostructures: 1) branching BNNT/CNT junctions and 2) co-axial BNNT/CNT junctions, 3) quantum dots functionalized BNNTs (QDs-BNNTs), 4) BNNT/graphene junctions. We have started to understand their structural, compositional, and electronic properties. Latest results indicate that the branching BNNT/CNT junctions and QDs-BNNTs are functional as room-temperature tunneling devices. We have submitted the application of a renewal grant to continue the study of these new energy efficient materials. Finally, this project has also strengthened our collaborations with multiple Department of Energy�s Nanoscale Science Research Centers (NSRCs), including the Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and the Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies (CINTs) at Sandia National Laboratories and Los Alamos National Laboratory. Results obtained during the current funding period have led to the publication of twelve peer reviewed articles, three review papers, two book and one encyclopedia chapters, and thirty eight conference/seminar presentation. One US provisional patent and one international patent have also been filed.

Yap, Yoke Khin

2013-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

446

Microwave-induced ''Devil's Staircase'' structure and ''Chaotic'' behavior in current-fed Josephson junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have obtained the various types of I-V characteristics measured experimentally and in analog simulations, by merely changing the junction and the microwave parameters within the same resistively shunted junction model with purely sinusoidal current-phase relation. It was found that the subharmonic steps do exist in the limit b/sub c/..-->..0, though they can have finite rounding without thermal noise. The statistical properties of the ''chaotic'' solutions wer e discussed and their effective temperature was defined and calculated.

Ben-Jacob, E.; Braiman, Y.; Shainsky, R.; Imry, Y.

1981-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

447

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 90, 075401 (2014) Subgap structure in the conductance of a three-terminal Josephson junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-terminal Josephson junction A. H. Pfeffer,1,2 J. E. Duvauchelle,1,2 H. Courtois,3,4 R. M´elin,3,4 D. Feinberg,3)-superconductor (S) Josephson junctions are investigated. In a geometry where a T-shape normal metal is connected

Boyer, Edmond

448

Phase Diffusion in Graphene-Based Josephson Junctions I. V. Borzenets, U. C. Coskun, S. J. Jones, and G. Finkelstein  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phase Diffusion in Graphene-Based Josephson Junctions I. V. Borzenets, U. C. Coskun, S. J. Jones July 2011; published 21 September 2011) We report on graphene-based Josephson junctions with contacts. We attribute this resistance to the phase diffusion mechanism, which has not been yet identified

Finkelstein, Gleb

449

A Three-Helix Junction Is the Interface between Two Functional Domains of Prohead RNA in ?29 DNA Packaging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Junction Is the Interface between Two...reaction by measuring the production...reference to a standard curve. To determine...for three-dimensional reconstruction...bars represent standard deviations...cryoEM three-dimensional (3D) image...junction is the interface between two...

Wei Zhao; Mitul Saha; Ailong Ke; Marc C. Morais; Paul J. Jardine; Shelley Grimes

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

450

Nanobonding for Multi-Junction Solar Cells at Room Temperature T. Yu, M. M. R. Howlader*, F. Zhang, M. Bakr  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in windows, roofs and outside walls of new houses and buildings at the construction stage [1]. Among variousNanobonding for Multi-Junction Solar Cells at Room Temperature T. Yu, M. M. R. Howlader*, F. Zhang of the interfacial properties of Si/GaAs indicates its potential use on the fabrication of multi-junction solar cells

Howlader, Matiar R

451

DOE/EA-1338: Finding of No Significant Impact Transfer of the Department of Energy Grand Junction Project Office To Non-DOE Ownership (04/25/00)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

8 8 F I N A L Environmental Assessment for the Transfer of the Department of Energy Grand Junction Office to Non-DOE Ownership April 2000 U.S. Department of Energy * Grand Junction Office * 2597 B ¾ Road * Grand Junction, CO 81503 Grand Junction Office Environmental Assessment Final DOE/EA-1338 FINAL Environmental Assessment for the Transfer of the Department of Energy Grand Junction Office to Non-DOE Ownership April 2000 U.S. Department of Energy Grand Junction Office 2597 B ¾ Road Grand Junction, CO 81503 Grand Junction Office Environmental Assessment Final i April 2000 TABLE OF CONTENTS Title Page Table of Contents ......................................................................................................................................... i List of Figures ............................................................................................................................................iii

452

Ensuring Productive Resolution by the Junction-Resolving Enzyme RuvC: Large Enhancement of the Second-Strand Cleavage Rate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Table 1:? Rates of Cleavage of Synthetic DNA Junctions by RuvCa ... Table 2:? Rates of Cleavage by RuvC of Synthetic DNA Junctions Containing Oligoadenine Bulges at the Point of Strand Exchangea ...

Jonathan M. Fogg; David M. J. Lilley

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

he transfer of a quantum state between distant locations can be realized using condensed matter systems such as spin chains and Josephson junction arrays. The  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

systems such as spin chains and Josephson junction arrays. The feasibility of such proposals may open, leads to clear signatures of crossed boxes are the Josephson junctions the modified properties

Abbondandolo, Alberto

454

Chapter 8: PhotodetectorsChapter 8: Photodetectors i i l f j i h di dPrinciple of pn junction photodiodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

photodiodes RAMO's theorem and external photocurrentp Photodiode materials Quantum efficiency and responsivity pin photodiodespin photodiodes Avalanche photodiodes Heterojunction photodiodes Photoconductive;Principle of the pn Junction PhotodiodesPrinciple of the pn Junction Photodiodes Photodetectors/photodiodes

Wang, Jianfang

455

Distribution of Pd, Ag & U in the SiC Layer of an Irradiated TRISO Fuel Particle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The distribution of silver, uranium and palladium in the silicon carbide (SiC) layer of an irradiated TRISO fuel particle was studied using samples extracted from the SiC layer using focused ion beam (FIB) techniques. Transmission electron microscopy in conjunction with energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy was used to identify the presence of the specific elements of interest at grain boundaries, triple junctions and precipitates in the interior of SiC grains. Details on sample fabrication, errors associated with measurements of elemental migration distances and the distances migrated by silver, palladium and uranium in the SiC layer of an irradiated TRISO particle from the AGR-1 program are reported.

Thomas M. Lillo; Isabella J. van Rooyen

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Several small Josephson junctions in a resonant cavity: Deviation from the Dicke model W. A. Al-Saidi* and D. Stroud  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Several small Josephson junctions in a resonant cavity: Deviation from the Dicke model W. A. Al-Saidi

Stroud, David

457

Microwave bifurcation of a Josephson junction: Embedding-circuit requirements V. E. Manucharyan, E. Boaknin, M. Metcalfe, R. Vijay, I. Siddiqi,* and M. Devoret  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microwave bifurcation of a Josephson junction: Embedding-circuit requirements V. E. Manucharyan, E with the nonlinear dynamics of a Josephson junction embedded in an arbitrary microwave circuit. We find sufficient recently proposed3,4 to use the dynamical bifurcation of a rf-biased Josephson junction JJ as a basis

Devoret, Michel H.

458

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C6, supplgment au no 8, Tome 39, aotit 1978,page C6-575 NOISE DOWN-CONVERSION IN A PUMPED JOSEPHSON JUNCTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-CONVERSION IN A PUMPED JOSEPHSON JUNCTION NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, Goddard Space Flight Center, New York Josephson junction i s stu- died numerically. Calculation shows t h a t the excess low-frequency noise i n simulator has been used to compute the low- frequency noise i n a pumped Josephson junction / 4 / . Although

Boyer, Edmond

459

arXiv:1008.2085v3[astro-ph.CO]23Nov2011 Axion physics in a Josephson junction environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

arXiv:1008.2085v3[astro-ph.CO]23Nov2011 Axion physics in a Josephson junction environment Christian experiments based on Josephson junctions, SQUIDS, and coupled Josephson qubits have a cosmological inter- actions in a resonant Josephson junction environment can be tested, similar in nature to recent

Beck, Christian

460

arXiv:1110.5871v1[astro-ph.IM]26Oct2011 Testing axion physics in a Josephson junction environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

arXiv:1110.5871v1[astro-ph.IM]26Oct2011 Testing axion physics in a Josephson junction environmentNS, UK We suggest that experiments based on Josephson junctions, SQUIDS, and coupled Josephson qubits in which axionic interaction strengths in a Josephson junction environment can be tested, similar in nature

Beck, Christian

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "junction adjacent layers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Optimization of Spin-Triplet Supercurrent in Ferromagnetic Josephson Junctions Carolin Klose, Trupti S. Khaire, Yixing Wang, W. P. Pratt, Jr., and Norman O. Birge*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization of Spin-Triplet Supercurrent in Ferromagnetic Josephson Junctions Carolin Klose-range spin-triplet supercurrents in Josephson junctions containing ferromag- netic (F) materials, which for spin-triplet super- current in S/F/S Josephson junctions containing only conventional spin

Birge, Norman

462

This approximation simplifies the analysis of fluxon oscillations by avoiding the compli-cated interplay with cavity resonances. It is valid for very long junctions ( ) used in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

magnetically coupled long Josephson junctions is reported. Time dependent synchronized voltage response. Simulations show that Josephson junctions operating in the in­phase flux­flow mode may generate rf radiation power by a factor of more than four larger than that of a single Josephson junction. The radiation

Wallraff, Andreas

463

Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 16, No. 1011, 736750 (2007) / DOI 10.1002/andp.200710263 Josephson junctions as detectors for non-Gaussian noise  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 16, No. 10­11, 736­750 (2007) / DOI 10.1002/andp.200710263 Josephson junctions 2007 Key words Josephson junction, noise, counting statistics. PACS 72.70.+m, 74.40.+k, 74.50.+r of the electrical current can be detected with a Josephson junction placed on-chip with the noise source. We present

Birge, Norman

464

One-dimensional Mott localization of quantum vortices in Josephson-junction arrays A. van Oudenaarden, B. van Leeuwen, M. P. M. Robbens, and J. E. Mooij  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One-dimensional Mott localization of quantum vortices in Josephson-junction arrays A. van long and narrow arrays of small Josephson junctions is studied experimentally. We investigate for electrons and a superfluid phase for bosons. One- dimensional Josephson-junction arrays are very suitable

van Oudenaarden, Alexander

465

Silver Lake Adjacent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

out. Then I said my usual hello, fixed my eyes on a front-just couldn’t. His green dot. Hello, Francisco! How are youShe reaches in to hug me hello, and she smells amazing. “

Doss, Yvette Crystal

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Silver Lake Adjacent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

looking at the newest act on Hades Records, the first guymy friend. This is a big deal. Hades Records organized thethe same day I signed with Hades Records, and I just had too

Doss, Yvette Crystal

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Nanoengineering Catalyst Supports via Layer-by Layer Surface Functionalization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent progress in the layer-by-layer surface modification of oxides for the preparation of highly active and stable gold nanocatalysts is briefly reviewed. Through a layer-by-layer surface modification approach, the surfaces of various catalyst supports including both porous and nonporous silica materials and TiO{sub 2} nanoparticles were modified with monolayers or multilayers of distinct metal oxide ultra-thin films. The surface-modified materials were used as supports for Au nanoparticles, resulting in highly active nanocatalysts for low-temperature CO oxidation. Good stability against sintering under high-temperature treatment was achieved for a number of the Au catalysts through surface modification of the support material. The surface modification of supports can be a viable route to control both the composition and structure of support and nanoparticle interfaces, thereby tailoring the stability and activity of the supported catalyst systems.

Yan, Wenfu [ORNL; Mahurin, Shannon Mark [ORNL; Overbury, Steven {Steve} H [ORNL; Dai, Sheng [ORNL

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Fast diffusion of a graphene flake on a graphene layer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Diffusion of a graphene flake on a graphene layer is analyzed and a diffusion mechanism is proposed for the system under consideration. According to this mechanism, rotational transition of the flake from commensurate to incommensurate states takes place with subsequent simultaneous rotation and translational motion until the commensurate state is reached again, and so on. The molecular dynamics simulations and analytic estimates based on ab initio and semiempirical calculations demonstrate that the proposed diffusion mechanism is dominant at temperatures T?(1–3)Tcom, where Tcom corresponds to the barrier for transitions of the flake between adjacent energy minima in the commensurate states. For example, for the flake consisting of ?40, 200, and 700 atoms the contribution of the proposed diffusion mechanism through rotation of the flake to the incommensurate states exceeds that for diffusion of the flake in the commensurate states by one to two orders of magnitude at temperatures 50–150 K, 200–600 K, and 800–2400 K, respectively. The possibility to experimentally measure the barriers to relative motion of graphene layers based on the study of diffusion of a graphene flake is considered. The results obtained are also relevant for understanding of dynamic behavior of polycyclic aromatic molecules on graphene and should be qualitatively valid for a set of commensurate adsorbate-adsorbent systems.

Irina V. Lebedeva; Andrey A. Knizhnik; Andrey M. Popov; Olga V. Ershova; Yurii E. Lozovik; Boris V. Potapkin

2010-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

469

Determining resistivity of a formation adjacent to a borehole having casing using multiple electrodes and with resistances being defined between the electrodes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods of operation are disclosed for different types of multiple electrode apparatus vertically disposed in a cased well to measure information related to the resistivity of adjacent geological formations from inside the cased well. The multiple electrode apparatus have a minimum of three spaced-apart voltage measurement electrodes that electrically engage the interior of the cased well. Measurement information is obtained related to current which is caused to flow from the cased well into the adjacent geological formation. First compensation information is obtained related to a first casing resistance between a first pair of the spaced-apart voltage measurement electrodes. Second compensation information is obtained related to a second casing resistance between a second pair of the spaced-apart voltage measurement electrodes. The measurement information, and first and second compensation information are used to determine a magnitude related to the adjacent formation resistivity. 13 figs.

Vail, W.B. III

1996-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

470

White River Junction, Vermont: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6489596°, -72.3192579° 6489596°, -72.3192579° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.6489596,"lon":-72.3192579,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

471

Apache Junction, Arizona: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3.4150485°, -111.5495777° 3.4150485°, -111.5495777° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.4150485,"lon":-111.5495777,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

472

Nano-superconducting quantum interference devices with suspended junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nano-Superconducting Quantum Interference Devices (nano-SQUIDs) are usually fabricated from a single layer of either Nb or Al. We describe here a simple method for fabricating suspended nano-bridges in Nb/Al thin-film bilayers. We use these suspended bridges, which act as Josephson weak links, to fabricate nano-SQUIDs which show critical current oscillations at temperatures up to 1.5?K and magnetic flux densities up to over 20?mT. These nano-SQUIDs exhibit flux modulation depths intermediate between all-Al and all-Nb devices, with some of the desirable characteristics of both. The suspended geometry is attractive for magnetic single nanoparticle measurements.

Hazra, D.; Hasselbach, K. [Institut Néel, CNRS and Université Joseph Fourier, 25 Avenue des Martyrs, Grenoble (France); Kirtley, J. R. [Center for Probing the Nanoscale, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California 94305-4045 (United States)

2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

473

Layer-By-Layer Assembled Hybrid Film of Carbon Nanotubes/Iron...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

By-Layer Assembled Hybrid Film of Carbon NanotubesIron Oxide Nanocrystals for Reagentless Electrochemical Detection of Layer-By-Layer Assembled Hybrid Film of Carbon Nanotubes...

474

Experimental Study of Electron Transport through Nanometer-Scale Metal-Oxide Junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-annealing. The resistive bistability effect has been observed for all these materials, with particularly high switching, crested barrier, rapid thermal annealing, endurance, resistive bistability, reproducibility. #12;v List properties of Nb/Al/Nb junctions fabricated using thermal oxidation or rf-plasma oxidation at various

475

DESIGN APPROACHES AND MATERIALS PROCESSES FOR ULTRAHIGH EFFICIENCY LATTICE MISMATCHED MULTI-JUNCTION SOLAR CELLS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-JUNCTION SOLAR CELLS Melissa J. Griggs 1 , Daniel C. Law 2 , Richard R. King 2 , Arthur C. Ackerman 3 , James M. Zahler 3 , Harry A. Atwater 1 1 California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, California 91125, USA 2 Spectrolab Engineering Inc., 12500 Gladstone Avenue, Sylmar, California

Atwater, Harry

476

Mercury-Mercury Tunneling Junctions. 1. Electron Tunneling Across Symmetric and Asymmetric Alkanethiolate Bilayers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mercury-Mercury Tunneling Junctions. 1. Electron Tunneling Across Symmetric and Asymmetric by bringing in contact two small (3 Ã? 10-3 cm2) mercury drop electrodes in a 5-20% (v/v) hexadecane solution incorporating alkanethiolate-type monolayer films. The results reported below convince us that the mercury

Majda, Marcin

477

Silicon Solar Cells with Front Hetero-Contact and Aluminum Alloy Back Junction: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We prototype an alternative n-type monocrystalline silicon (c-Si) solar cell structure that utilizes an n/i-type hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) front hetero-contact and a back p-n junction formed by alloying aluminum (Al) with the n-type Si wafer.

Yuan, H.-C.; Page, M. R.; Iwaniczko, E.; Xu, Y.; Roybal, L.; Wang, Q.; Branz, H. M.; Meier, D. L.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

INVESTIGATION OF THE ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES OF METAL/PYRITE (FeS2) JUNCTIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

photovoltaic technology. From the first set of data collected, Cr, Al, and Fe pyrite junctions exhibit light range, making it ideal for photovoltaic application. Unlike silicon (Si), pyrite is easily obtainable at a very low cost (Wadia et al 2009:2568). Out of 23 promising semiconducting materials, twelve

Hall, Sharon J.

479

On the 1D Modeling of Fluid Flowing through a Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consider a fluid flowing through a junction between two pipes with different sections. Its evolution is described by the 2D or 3D Euler equations, whose analytical theory is far from complete and whose numerical treatment may be rather costly. This note compares different 1D approaches to this phenomenon.

Rinaldo M. Colombo; Mauro Garavello

2009-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

480

Conductance states of molecular junctions for encoding binary information: a computational approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-molecule-metal and metal-molecule-semiconductor junctions are considered. The molecule used is an olygo(phenylene ethynylene) composed of three benzene rings and a nitro group in the middle ring; this molecule is referred hereafter as the nitroOPE molecule. Gold, silicon...

Agapito, Luis Alberto

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "junction adjacent layers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Dynamical properties of Josephson-junctions arrays. Final report, 15 Sep 89-14 Sep 91  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Current and recent work in the group on Josephson junction arrays has been focused on two particular types of dynamical states, namely chaotic states and 'chain' states. In the following the authors summarize briefly the issues addressed and the significant results obtained for each type of state.

Ebner, C.A.; Jayaprakash, C.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Nucleation-controlled vortex entry in a square-columnar Josephson-junction array  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The initial magnetization curve of square-columnar Josephson-junction arrays is calculated from fundamental laws. It is found that the first vortex entry is controlled by vortex nucleation rather than surface depinning and it occurs at a field greater than that predicted by the traditional surface-barrier theory. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Chen, D.; Moreno, J.J.; Hernando, A. [Instituto de Magnetismo Aplicado, RENFE-UCM-CSIC, 28230 Las Rozas, Madrid (Spain)] [Instituto de Magnetismo Aplicado, RENFE-UCM-CSIC, 28230 Las Rozas, Madrid (Spain)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

How to achieve in-phase locking in small-inductance Josephson junction ladder arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the results of an analytical study of phase locking in externally loaded two-dimensional Josephson junction ladder arrays with small, but non-vanishing ring inductances. A Lyapunov stability based condition is found controlling realization of the radiating in-phase oscillation regime. {copyright} {ital 1998 American Institute of Physics.}

Basler, M.; Krech, W.; Platov, K.Y. [Friedrich-Schiller-Universitaet Jena, Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik, Max-Wien-Platz 1, D-07743Jena (Germany)] [Friedrich-Schiller-Universitaet Jena, Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik, Max-Wien-Platz 1, D-07743Jena (Germany)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Quantized resonator field coupled to a current-biased Josephson junction in circuit QED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Lagrangian formalism is used to derive the Hamiltonian for a $\\lambda$/4 resonator shunted by a current-biased Josephson junction. The eigenstates and the quantum dynamics of the system are analyzed numerically, and we show that the system can function as an efficient detector of weak incident microwave fields.

Christian Kraglund Andersen; Gregor Oelsner; Evgeni Il'ichev; Klaus Mølmer

2014-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

485

Microsimulation analysis of a hybrid system model of multiple merge junction highway and semiautomatic vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microsimulation analysis of a hybrid system model of multiple merge junction highway and semi Abstract In this paper we present a protocol that controls semi­automated autonomous vehicles driving is in the merge lane) and the yielding (the vehicle is in the main lane). We show a simulation study that presents

Girault, Alain

486

Improved One-dimensional Analysis of CMOS Photodiode Including Epitaxial-Substrate Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Improved One-dimensional Analysis of CMOS Photodiode Including Epitaxial-Substrate Junction J. S-dimensional analysis of CMOS photodiode has been derived in which the effect of the substrate, which forms a high-empirical expression exhibits a good agreement with the measured spectral response of n+ pepi photodiodes fabricated

Hornsey, Richard

487

ELECTRONICS' 2008 24 26 September, Sozopol, BULGARIA RESPONSE TIME OF SHALLOW JUNCTION SILICON PHOTODIODES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHOTODIODES Lei Shi1 , Sha Xia1 , Francesco Sarubbi1 , Rik Naulaerts2 , Stoyan Nihtianov1,2 , Lis Nanver1 1, shape and location of the illuminated part of a shallow-junction photodiode, and its series resistance for which the photo-generated charge will be removed from the photodiode) with the illuminated spot size

Technische Universiteit Delft

488

Electronic Heating at High Bias in Atomic-Scale Au Break Junctions Ruoyu Chen,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, U.S.A. Heating in nanoscale systems driven out of equilibrium is of fundamental importance, has O-10 Electronic Heating at High Bias in Atomic-Scale Au Break Junctions Ruoyu Chen,1, Texas, U.S.A. 2 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Rice University, Houston, Texas 77005

489

String Junction Model, Cluster Hypothesis, Penta-Quark Baryon and Tetra-Quark Meson  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......and mB 1 GeV is the ordinary light baryon mass. In this paper...non-strange quarks. Mass of such light penta-quark baryons with NJ...O(10) MeV. While mass of light tetra-quark meson with NJ...junction was first written in the Christmas greeting card of Y. Nambu around......

Masahiro Imachi; Shoichiro Otsuki; Fumihiko Toyoda

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

SEB occurrence in a VIP: Influence of the epi-substrate junction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Heavy ion induced burnout is reported, for the first time, in different parts of a VIP. A 2D-simulation investigation allows a better understanding of this phenomenon and shows the importance of the epi-substrate junction parameters in the SEB occurrence.

Lorfevre, E.; Sudre, C.; Dachs, C.; Detcheverry, C.; Palau, J.M.; Gasiot, J. [Univ. Montpellier II (France)] [Univ. Montpellier II (France); Calvet, M.C. [Aerospatiale, Les Mureaux (France)] [Aerospatiale, Les Mureaux (France); Garnier, J.; Ecoffet, R. [Centre National d`Etudes Spatiales, Toulouse (France)] [Centre National d`Etudes Spatiales, Toulouse (France)

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Hamilton-Jacobi equations for optimal control on junctions and Yves Achdou  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hamilton-Jacobi equations for optimal control on junctions and networks Yves Achdou , Salom. A notion of viscosity solution of Hamilton-Jacobi equations on the network has been proposed in earlier of optimal control. Keywords Optimal control, networks, Hamilton-Jacobi equations, viscosity solutions AMS 34

Boyer, Edmond

492

On asymptotic effects of boundary perturbations in exponentially shaped Josephson junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A parabolic integro differential operator L, suitable to describe many phenomena in various physical fields, is considered. By means of equivalence between L and the third order equation describing the evolution inside an exponentially shaped Josephson junction (ESJJ), an asymptotic analysis for (ESJJ) is achieved, explicitly evaluating, boundary contributions related to the Dirichlet problem.

Monica De Angelis; Pasquale Renno

2014-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

493

Tunneling characteristics in chemical vapor deposited graphene hexagonal boron nitride graphene junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Tunneling characteristics in chemical vapor deposited graphene ­ hexagonal boron nitride ­ graphene junctions T. Roy1 , L. Liu2 , S. de la Barrera,3 B. Chakrabarti1,4 , Z. R. Hesabi1 , C. A. Joiner1 Abstract: Large area chemical vapor deposited graphene and hexagonal boron nitride was used to fabricate

Feenstra, Randall

494

Linker Dependent Bond Rupture Force Measurements in Single-Molecule Junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We use a modified conducting atomic force microscope to simultaneously probe the conductance of a single-molecule junction and the force required to rupture the junction formed by alkanes terminated with four different chemical link groups which vary in binding strength and mechanism to the gold electrodes. Molecular junctions with amine, methylsulfide, and diphenylphosphine terminated molecules show clear conductance signatures and rupture at a force that is significantly smaller than the measured 1.4 nN force required to rupture the single-atomic gold contact. In contrast, measurements with a thiol terminated alkane which can bind covalently to the gold electrode show conductance and force features unlike those of the other molecules studied. Specifically, the strong Au-S bond can cause structural rearrangements in the electrodes, which are accompanied by substantial conductance changes. Despite the strong Au-S bond and the evidence for disruption of the Au structure, the experiments show that on average these junctions also rupture at a smaller force than that measured for pristine single-atom gold contacts.

Frei M.; Hybertsen M.; Aradhya S.V.; Venkataraman L.

2012-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

495

In situ Formation of Highly Conducting Covalent Au-C Contacts for Single-Molecule Junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Charge transport across metal-molecule interfaces has an important role in organic electronics. Typically, chemical link groups such as thiols or amines are used to bind organic molecules to metal electrodes in single-molecule circuits, with these groups controlling both the physical structure and the electronic coupling at the interface. Direct metal-carbon coupling has been shown through C60, benzene and {pi}-stacked benzene but ideally the carbon backbone of the molecule should be covalently bonded to the electrode without intervening link groups. Here, we demonstrate a method to create junctions with such contacts. Trimethyl tin (SnMe{sub 3})-terminated polymethylene chains are used to form single-molecule junctions with a break-junction technique. Gold atoms at the electrode displace the SnMe{sub 3} linkers, leading to the formation of direct Au-C bonded single-molecule junctions with a conductance that is {approx}100 times larger than analogous alkanes with most other terminations. The conductance of these Au-C bonded alkanes decreases exponentially with molecular length, with a decay constant of 0.97 per methylene, consistent with a non-resonant transport mechanism. Control experiments and ab initio calculations show that high conductances are achieved because a covalent Au-C sigma ({sigma}) bond is formed. This offers a new method for making reproducible and highly conducting metal-organic contacts.

Cheng, Z.L.; Hybertsen, M.; Skouta, R.; Vazquez, H.; Widawsky, J.R.; Schneebeli, S.; Chen, W.; Breslow, R.; Venkataraman, L.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Structure and motion of junctions between coherent and incoherent twin boundaries in copper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Structure and motion of junctions between coherent and incoherent twin boundaries in copper J online 4 July 2009 Abstract The atomic mechanisms of twin boundary migration in copper under externally. Ã? 2009 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Copper

Ghoniem, Nasr M.

497

Nonequilibrium Phenomena in Electron Tunneling in Normal Metal-Insulator-Metal Junctions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Structure in the conductance of normal metal-insulator-metal junctions at very low bias is explained through a nonequilibrium treatment of the tunneling process. In particular, the related peak in the derivative d?(V)dV is quantitatively accounted for by the blocking of otherwise available electron tunneling states due to the finite electron relaxation rates in the metal electrodes.

P. N. Trofimenkoff; H. J. Kreuzer; W. J. Wattamaniuk; J. G. Adler

1972-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

498

Thermal conductance of the junction between single-walled carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conductances of the carbon nanotube (CNT) junctions that would be found in a CNT aerogel are predicted using of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) (e.g., aligned films, mats, and aerogels) are candidates for use in electronic issue in all of these applications. Our focus here is related to single-walled CNT aerogels, which

McGaughey, Alan

499

Assessment of water resources in lead-zinc mined areas in Cherokee County, Kansas, and adjacent areas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study was conducted to evaluate water-resources problems related to abandoned lead and zinc mines in Cherokee County, Kansas, and adjacent areas in Missouri and Oklahoma. Past mining activities have caused changes in the hydrogeology of the area. Lead and zinc mining has caused discontinuities and perforations in the confining shale west of the Pennsylvanian-Mississippian geologic contact (referred to as the western area), which have created artificial ground-water recharge and discharge areas. Recharge to the shallow aquifer (rocks of Mississippian age) through collapses, shafts, and drill holes in the shale has caused the formation of a groundwater ''mound'' in the vicinity of the Picher Field in Kansas and Oklahoma. Discharge of mine-contaminated ground water to Tar Creek occurs in Oklahoma from drill holes and shafts where the potentiometric surface of the shallow aquifer is above the land surface. Mining of ore in the shallow aquifer has resulted in extensive fracturing and removal of material, which has created highly transmissive zones and voids and increased ground-water storage properties of the aquifer. In the area east of the Pennsylvanian-Mississippian geologic contact (referred to as the eastern area), fractured rock and tailings on the land surface increased the amount of water available for infiltration to the shallow aquifer; in the western area, tailings on the impermeable shale created artificial, perched aquifer systems that slowly drain to surface streams. 45 refs., 23 figs., 21 tabs.

Spruill, T.B.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Hole in the ozone layer?  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hole in the ozone layer? Hole in the ozone layer? Name: Kelley Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Is there really a hole in the ozone layer? Replies: That depends on what one means by a "hole". There is a thinning of the layer that is particularly severe during certain seasons at the poles. But the ozone layer is thinning most everywhere. The thinning around the south pole of earth is particularly stunning, and has been referred to as a hole even though some ozone still exists there, it is much less concentrated. As you may know, this ozone destruction is probably due to human release of pollutants such as clorofluorocarbons (CFCs) an due to natural sources such as chemicals from volcanic eruptions. CFCs are used is cooling systems such as refrigerators and air conditioning. There is an international agreement to phase out the use of these destructive chemicals but they won't be banned entirely for years for fears of losing money. Meanwhile the ozone layer thins and we are exposed to increasingly higher doses of cancer causing radiation