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Sample records for jump start young

  1. Register now at career.ucla.edu/JumpStart The JumpStart Series is a fee-based program open to currently registered UCLA students.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferguson, Thomas S.

    . Blogs Winter 2015 Internship Search Wednesday, January 7, 4-7pm Engineering / Technology / Consulting-7pm Graduate Student JumpStart Engineering and Technology Thursday, Oct 16, 4-7pm #12;

  2. Eleven Tribes Jump START Clean Energy Projects, Summer 2012 (Newsletter)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-06-01

    This newsletter describes key activities of the DOE Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs for Summer 2012. The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs (DOE-IE) has selected 11 Tribes - five in Alaska and six in the contiguous United States - to receive on-the-ground technical support for community-based energy efficiency and renewable energy projects as part of DOE-IE's Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team (START) Program. START finalists were selected based on the clarity of their requests for technical assistance and the ability of START to successfully work with their projects or community. Technical experts from DOE and its National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) will work directly with community-based project teams to analyze local energy issues and assist the Tribes in moving their projects forward. In Alaska, the effort will be bolstered by DOE-IE's partnership with the Denali Commission, which will provide additional assistance and expertise, as well as funding to fuel the Alaska START initiative.

  3. Deformation zone `jumps' in a young convergent setting; the Lengguru fold-and-thrust belt, New Guinea Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolas, Chamot-Rooke

    Deformation zone `jumps' in a young convergent setting; the Lengguru fold-and-thrust belt, New The Lengguru fold-and-thrust belt in West Papua (Indonesia) has all the characteristics of a young orogen buttress. The construction of these two wedges is younger than 11 Myr. The structures of the Lengguru belt

  4. Jump start your career with an MS degree at Northwestern, with an emphasis in energy and sustainability. This program is for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    to move into the increasingly critical energy/sustainability field. Dedicated, intensive and handsEfficientTechnology)* ME499ProjectsInEnergySystemsandSustainability* Contact Dr.Manohar Kulkarni, Assistant ChairJump start your career with an MS degree at Northwestern, with an emphasis in energy

  5. DOE Provides $30 Million to Jump Start Bioenergy Research Centers |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electric vehicle10nominateEnergy U.S. Energy Secretary

  6. College Grads, Young Moms, Big Bucks, State Reps and Racial Composition: Evaluating the Impact of Social, Political and Economic Factors on State-Level Head Start Uptake Rates 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allison, Angela N

    2013-04-11

    The Head Start Program aims to equip pre-school age children from low-income families with the social, academic and emotional development that is essential upon entry to Kindergarten. While much research and debate exists about whether or not Head...

  7. Getting Started

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunities NuclearlongGeneralGeorgePageStarted Getting Started

  8. Getting Started

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunities NuclearlongGeneralGeorgePageStarted GettingStarted

  9. Getting Started

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunities NuclearlongGeneralGeorgePageStartedStarted Getting

  10. Getting Started

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunities NuclearlongGeneralGeorgePageStarted Getting

  11. Getting Started

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunities NuclearlongGeneralGeorgePageStarted

  12. Getting started

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunitiesNERSC Getting Started at NERSC June 7,Getting

  13. Getting started

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunitiesNERSC Getting Started at NERSC June 7,GettingGetting

  14. Hydraulic jumps on an incline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jean-Luc Thiffeault; Andrew Belmonte

    2010-09-01

    When a fluid jet strikes an inclined solid surface at normal incidence, gravity creates a flow pattern with a thick outer rim resembling a parabola and reminiscent of a hydraulic jump. There appears to be little theory or experiments describing simple aspects of this phenomenon, such as the maximum rise height of the fluid above the impact point, and its dependence on jet velocity and inclination angle. We address this with experiments, and present a simple theory based on horizontal hydraulic jumps which accounts for the rise height and its scaling, though without describing the shape of the parabolic envelope.

  15. Viscous Hydraulic Jumps Submitted by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bush, John W.M.

    Viscous Hydraulic Jumps Submitted by Jeffrey M. Aristoff, Jeffrey D. Leblanc, Annette E. Hosoi, and John W. M. Bush, Massachusetts Institute of Technology We examine the form of the viscous hydraulic of height 2­10 mm. Elegaard et al.1 first demonstrated that the axial symme- try of the viscous hydraulic

  16. CleanStart | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (Utility Company) Jump to:New York:ClayBurnVita JumpCleanCleanCleanStart Jump

  17. Park Profiler/Jump Analyzer Practical method for determining terrain park jump performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Terrain Park jump safety as a rider/resort partnership II. USTPC criteria: Quantifying best practices in terrain park jump design III. "Park Profiler" - practical tool to measure TP jump IV. "Jump Analyzer of flying ... but, as Icarus leaned the hard way, there are risks. #12;Terrain Park Jump Safety Terrain park

  18. Structure and Stratigraphy Beneath a Young Phreatic Vent: South...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Structure and Stratigraphy Beneath a Young Phreatic Vent: South Inyo Crater, Long Valley Caldera, California Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library...

  19. Numerical Study of a Turbulent Hydraulic Jump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Qun

    Numerical Study of a Turbulent Hydraulic Jump Qun Zhao, Shubhra Misra, Ib. A. Svendsen and James T of a Turbulent Hydraulic Jump ­ p.1/14 #12;Objective Our ultimate goal is to study the breaking waves. Numerical Study of a Turbulent Hydraulic Jump ­ p.2/14 #12;A moving bore Qiantang Bore China (Courtesy of Dr J

  20. RIDGE JUMP PROCESS IN ICELAND Sebastian GARCIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 RIDGE JUMP PROCESS IN ICELAND Sebastian GARCIA Freie Universität Berlin ­ Department of Geologie, sgarcia@zedat.fu-berlin.de Abstract Eastward ridge jumps bring the volcanic zones of Iceland back pulses triggers these ridge jumps. One of them is occurring in Southern Iceland, whereas the exact

  1. Getting Started on Carver

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Getting Started Getting Started Logging in In order to follow this page, you will need an account, a username and a password. If you do not have all of these things please visit...

  2. Bubble visualization in a simulated hydraulic jump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Witt, Adam; Shen, Lian

    2013-01-01

    This is a fluid dynamics video of two- and three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics simulations carried out at St. Anthony Falls Laboratory. A transient hydraulic jump is simulated using OpenFOAM, an open source numerical solver. A Volume of Fluid numerical method is employed with a realizable k-epsilon turbulence model. The goal of this research is to model the void fraction and bubble size in a transient hydraulic jump. This fluid dynamics video depicts the air entrainment characteristics and bubble behavior within a hydraulic jump of Froude number 4.82.

  3. JUMP DIFFUSION OPTION WITH TRANSACTION COSTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mocioalca, Oana

    JUMP DIFFUSION OPTION WITH TRANSACTION COSTS "non-systematic" risk, inclusive of transaction costs. We compute the total transac- tion costs and the turnover for different options, transaction costs, and revision intervals

  4. Widget:ExpandableTextStart | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThinWarsaw,What Is aDisqusHelper Jump to:ExpandableTextStart Jump

  5. JumpStart: A Just-in-Time Signaling Architecture for WDM Burst-Switched Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and multicast natively. Another important feature is data transparency - the network infrastructure suited for the high- bandwidth, extremely low bit-error rate optical links. The round trip times, in dWDM networks data transparency (i.e. independence of the network in- frastructure from the data

  6. IEEE Communications Magazine February 200282 JumpStart: A Just-in-Time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    native- ly. Another important feature is data transparency -- the network infrastructure is independent hop. Data, on the other hand, travels transparently. The work we present in this article is being is the elimination of the round-trip waiting time Ilia Baldine, MCNC George N. Rouskas, North Carolina State

  7. Educated and Equipped: Jump-Start Your Career in the Bioenergy Industry |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based|DepartmentStatementofApril 25,EV Everywhere|MuscleEnergy

  8. Jump-Starting Zero Energy Home Design and Student Careers | Department of

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties - WAPA Public CommentInverted Attic9: HSS

  9. The hydraulic jump as a white hole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. E. Volovik

    2005-10-21

    In the geometry of the circular hydraulic jump, the velocity of the liquid in the interior region exceeds the speed of capillary-gravity waves (ripplons), whose spectrum is `relativistic' in the shallow water limit. The velocity flow is radial and outward, and thus the relativistic ripplons cannot propagating into the interior region. In terms of the effective 2+1 dimensional Painleve-Gullstrand metric appropriate for the propagating ripplons, the interior region imitates the white hole. The hydraulic jump represents the physical singularity at the white-hole horizon. The instability of the vacuum in the ergoregion inside the circular hydraulic jump and its observation in recent experiments on superfluid 4He by E. Rolley, C. Guthmann, M.S. Pettersen and C. Chevallier in physics/0508200 are discussed.

  10. The hydraulic jump as a white whole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volovik, G E

    2005-01-01

    In the geometry of the circular hydraulic jump, the velocity of the liquid in the interior region exceeds the speed of capillary-gravity waves (ripplons), whose spectrum is `relativistic' in the shallow water limit. The velocity flow is radial and outward, and thus the relativistic ripplons cannot propagating into the interior region. In terms of the effective 2+1 dimensional Painleve-Gullstrand metric appropriate for the propagating ripplons, the interior region imitates the `white-hole'. The hydraulic jump represents the physical singularity at the white-hole horizon. The instability of the vacuum in the ergoregion inside the circular hydraulic jump and its observation in recent experiments on superfluid 4He by E. Rolley, C. Guthmann, M.S. Pettersen and C. Chevallier in physics/0508200 are discussed.

  11. A Model For Polygonal Hydraulic Jumps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martens, Erik A; Bohr, Tomas

    2011-01-01

    We propose a phenomenological model for the polygonal hydraulic jumps discovered by Ellegaard et al., based on the known flow structure for the type II hydraulic jumps with a "roller" (separation eddy) near the free surface in the jump region. The model consists of mass conservation and radial force balance between hydrostatic pressure and viscous stresses on the roller surface. In addition, we consider the azimuthal force balance, primarily between pressure and viscosity, but also including non-hydrostatic pressure contributions from surface tension in light of recent observations by Bush et al. The model can be analyzed by linearization around the circular state, resulting in a parameter relationship for nearly circular polygonal states. A truncated, but fully nonlinear version of the model can be solved analytically. This simpler model gives rise to polygonal shapes that are very similar to those observed in experiments, even though surface tension is neglected, and the condition for the existence of a pol...

  12. SWERA/Getting Started | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,EnergyEastCarbon Development |SMC CoSWERA/Getting Started <

  13. WestStart CALSTART | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThinWarsaw, Poland:EnergyWeVirginia UniversityWestStart CALSTART

  14. Getting Started at NERSC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunities NuclearlongGeneralGeorgePageStartedStartedNERSC

  15. Getting Started on Edison

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunitiesNERSC Getting Started at NERSC June 7, 2011Started

  16. Starting an Investment Club 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Jason; Thompson, Bill; Polk, Wade

    2002-08-12

    An investment club is a group of people who learn about investments together and pool their money to purchase stocks or bonds. Learn how to start such a club, how to manage the tax aspects of joint investments, and how to benefit from club...

  17. PAINTING CHECKLIST GETTING STARTED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peters, Richard

    PAINTING CHECKLIST GETTING STARTED o Choose your colour scheme o Test colours using sample pots o Measure the area to be painted · Choose paint finish, matt, semi-gloss, gloss etc · Type of paint to use, water-based etc · State of repair of current surface · Painting over oil-based/gloss paint or wallpaper

  18. Hydraulic/Shock-Jumps in Protoplanetary Disks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. C. Boley; R. H. Durisen

    2006-03-10

    In this paper, we describe the nonlinear outcome of spiral shocks in protoplanetary disks. Spiral shocks, for most protoplanetary disk conditions, create a loss of vertical force balance in the post-shock region and result in rapid expansion of the gas perpendicular to the disk midplane. This expansion has characteristics similar to hydraulic jumps, which occur in incompressible fluids. We present a theory to describe the behavior of these hybrids between shocks and hydraulic jumps (shock bores) and then compare the theory to three-dimensional hydrodynamics simulations. We discuss the fully three-dimensional shock structures that shock bores produce and discuss possible consequences for disk mixing, turbulence, and evolution of solids.

  19. Does the side jump effect exist?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sushkov, O P; Mori, M; Maekawa, S

    2012-01-01

    The side-jump effect is a manifestation of the spin orbit interaction in electron scattering from an atom/ion/impurity. The effect has a broad interest because of its conceptual importance for generic spin-orbital physics, in particular the effect is widely discussed in spintronics. We reexamine the effect accounting for the exact nonperturbative electron wave function inside the atomic core. We find that value of the effect is much smaller than estimates accepted in literature. The reduction factor is 1/Z^2, where Z is the nucleus charge of the atom/impurity. This implies that the side-jump effect is practically irrelevant for spintronics, the skew scattering and/or the intrinsic mechanism always dominate the anomalous Hall and spin Hall effects.

  20. Getting Started at NERSC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunitiesNERSC Getting Started at NERSC June 7, 2011 gerbyao

  1. Starting of turbine engines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shekleton, J.R.

    1990-05-01

    This patent describes a relatively small turbine engine. It comprises: a rotary turbine wheel; a rotary compressor coupled to the turbine wheel; an annular combustor for receiving air from the compressor and fuel from a fuel source combusting the same and providing gases of combustion to the turbine wheel to drive the same; substantially identical main fuel injectors including fuel injecting nozzles angularly spaced about the compressor; fuel and air from the compressor being introduced into the combustor generally in the tangential direction; a fuel pump; a control schedule valve; and first and second main fuel solenoid valves. The first valve being operable to connect a minority of the injectors to the control schedule valve and the fuel pump for starting the engine, there being an even number of the injectors and the minority of injectors consisting of two diametrically opposite injectors; the first and second valves being operable to connect all of the injectors to the control schedule valve and the pump for causing normal operation of the engine; the engine further being characterized by the absence of start fuel injectors for the combustor.

  2. Jump-Diffusion Risk-Sensitive Asset Management II: Jump-Diffusion Factor Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Mark

    2011-01-01

    In this article we extend earlier work on the jump-diffusion risk-sensitive asset management problem [SIAM J. Fin. Math. (2011) 22-54] by allowing jumps in both the factor process and the asset prices, as well as stochastic volatility and investment constraints. In this case, the HJB equation is a partial integro-differential equation (PIDE). By combining viscosity solutions with a change of notation, a policy improvement argument and classical results on parabolic PDEs we prove that the HJB PIDE admits a unique smooth solution. A verification theorem concludes the resolution of this problem.

  3. Electrowetting study of jumping droplets on hydrophobic surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tio, Evelyn

    2014-01-01

    Recent studies have shown that jumping-droplet-enhanced condensation has higher heat transfer than state-of-the-art dropwise condensing surfaces by -30-40%. Jumping-droplet condensation occurs due to the conversion of ...

  4. Viscous Undular Hydraulic Jumps of Moderate Reynolds number

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyamasundar, R.K.

    Viscous Undular Hydraulic Jumps of Moderate Reynolds number Ratul Dasgupta I will present some results on undular hydraulic jumps occurring in a two bores (in rivers), where the interface remains horizontal, the moderate Reynolds hydraulic jump shows a linear increase in height due to viscosity

  5. Lift-off dynamics in a simple jumping robot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeffrey Aguilar; Alex Lesov; Kurt Wiesenfeld; Daniel I. Goldman

    2012-08-30

    We study vertical jumping in a simple robot comprising an actuated mass-spring arrangement. The actuator frequency and phase are systematically varied to find optimal performance. Optimal jumps occur above and below (but not at) the robot's resonant frequency $f_0$. Two distinct jumping modes emerge: a simple jump which is optimal above $f_0$ is achievable with a squat maneuver, and a peculiar stutter jump which is optimal below $f_0$ is generated with a counter-movement. A simple dynamical model reveals how optimal lift-off results from non-resonant transient dynamics.

  6. Optimal Control of Standing Jump Movements Michael W. Koch, Sigrid Leyendecker

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leyendecker, Sigrid

    Optimal Control of Standing Jump Movements Michael W. Koch, Sigrid Leyendecker Chair of Applied standing jumping movements, in particular, standing high jumps and standing long jumps are considered. The exemplary investigated jumps are restricted to standing jump movements. Historically, the standing high jump

  7. PSNH- Municipal Smart Start Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Public Service of New Hampshire (PSNH), an electric utility, offers the Smart Start Program to Municipal customers. This program assists municipalities in reducing energy consumption and electric...

  8. Research Services START UP FUNDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calgary, University of

    Research Services START UP FUNDS www.ucalgary.ca/research START UP FUNDS From time to time some of their research program. The nature of the grants can vary. For example, some grants are discretionary allowing the researcher to use the funds for a wide variety of activities such as travel, office furniture, students

  9. ISSN 1745-9648 Gasoline Prices Jump Up on Mondays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    ISSN 1745-9648 Gasoline Prices Jump Up on Mondays: an Outcome of Aggressive Competition? by Øystein Research Council is gratefully acknowledged. #12;Gasoline prices jump up on Mondays: An outcome, 2008 Abstract This paper examines Norwegian gasoline pump prices using daily station

  10. Hamilton-Jacobi equations with jumps: asymptotic stability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amir Mahmood; Saima Parveen

    2009-09-05

    The asymptotic stability of a global solution satisfying Hamilton-Jacobi equations with jumps will be analyzed in dependence on the strong dissipativity of the jump control function and using orbits of the differentiable flows to describe the corresponding characteristic system.

  11. Getting Started Videoconferences | Argonne Leadership Computing...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Getting Started Videoconferences Start Date: Jun 25 2015 - 9:00am Location: Argonne National Laboratory Event Website: https:www.alcf.anl.govworkshopsgetting-started-videoconfe...

  12. Getting Started and Optimization Strategy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    you started thinking about how to optimize your application for the Knights Landing Architecture that will be on Cori. This page will walk you through the high level steps and give...

  13. START Program | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report AppendicesA TokenCommercial BuildingsSTART Program START

  14. Property:Building/StartPeriod | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceIIInformationEnergy InformationInformation Total Jump to:StartPeriod

  15. Jumping-Droplet-Enhanced Condensation on Scalable Superhydrophobic Nanostructured Surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miljkovic, Nenad

    When droplets coalesce on a superhydrophobic nanostructured surface, the resulting droplet can jump from the surface due to the release of excess surface energy. If designed properly, these superhydrophobic nanostructured ...

  16. Spontaneous azimuthal breakout and instability at the circular hydraulic jump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Arnab K; Basu, Abhik; Bhattacharjee, Jayanta K

    2015-01-01

    We consider a shallow, two-dimensional flow of a liquid in which the radial and the azimuthal dynamics are coupled to each other. The steady and radial background flow of this system creates an axially symmetric circular hydraulic jump. On this background we apply time-dependent perturbations of the matter flow rate and the azimuthal flow velocity, with the latter strongly localized at the hydraulic jump. The perturbed variables depend spatially on both the radial and azimuthal coordinates. Linearization of the perturbations gives a coupled system of wave equations. The characteristic equations extracted from these wave equations show that under a marginally stable condition a spontaneous breaking of axial symmetry occurs at the position of the hydraulic jump. Departure from the marginal stability shows further that a linear instability develops in the azimuthal direction, resulting in an azimuthal transport of liquid at the hydraulic jump. The time for the growth of azimuthal instability is scaled by viscosi...

  17. Gravity-free hydraulic jumps and metal femtocups

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rama Govindarajan; Manikandan Mathur; Ratul DasGupta; N. R. Selvi; Neena Susan John; G. U. Kulkarni

    2006-10-03

    Hydraulic jumps created by gravity are seen every day in the kitchen sink. We show that at small scales a circular hydraulic jump can be created in the absence of gravity, by surface tension. The theory is motivated by our experimental finding of a height discontinuity in spreading submicron molten metal droplets created by pulsed-laser ablation. By careful control of initial conditions, we show that this leads to solid femtolitre cups of gold, silver, copper, niobium and tin.

  18. Chemical Potential Jump during Evaporation of a Quantum Bose Gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. A. Bedrikova; A. V. Latyshev

    2013-01-07

    The dependence of the chemical potential jump coefficient on the evaporation coefficient is analyzed for the case in which the evaporating component is a Bose gas. The concentration of the evaporating component is assumed to be much lower than the concentration of the carrier gas. The expression for the chemical potential jump is derived from the analytic solution of the problem for the case in which the collision frequency of molecules of the evaporating component is constant.

  19. Getting Started and Optimization Strategy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunities NuclearlongGeneralGeorgePageStartedStarted

  20. Starting apparatus for internal combustion engines

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dyches, G.M.; Dudar, A.M.

    1995-01-01

    This report is a patent description for a system to start an internal combustion engine. Remote starting and starting by hearing impaired persons are addressed. The system monitors the amount of current being drawn by the starter motor to determine when the engine is started. When the engine is started the system automatically deactivates the starter motor. Five figures are included.

  1. Non-Markovian Quantum Jump with Generalized Lindblad Master Equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    X. L. Huang; H. Y. Sun; X. X. Yi

    2008-10-14

    The Monte Carlo wave function method or the quantum trajectory/jump approach is a powerful tool to study dissipative dynamics governed by the Markovian master equation, in particular for high-dimensional systems and when it is difficult to simulate directly. In this paper, we extend this method to the non-Markovian case described by the generalized Lindblad master equation. Two examples to illustrate the method are presented and discussed. The results show that the method can correctly reproduce the dissipative dynamics for the system. The difference between this method and the traditional Markovian jump approach and the computational efficiency of this method are also discussed.

  2. START Renewable Energy Project Development Technical Assistance...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    START Renewable Energy Project Development Technical Assistance START Renewable Energy Project Development Technical Assistance The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Indian...

  3. Starting Points | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    (M&O) Contract Competition Starting Points Starting Points Kansas City Plant Related Web Pages Summary Kansas City Plant Home Page Kansas City Plant Contracts DOE Directives...

  4. Starting pitch for carbon fibers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Uemura, S.; Takashima, H.; Kato, O.; Harakawa, M.

    1986-04-01

    This patent describes a starting pitch for producing carbon fiber. This pitch essentially consists of a mixture of (a) 100 parts by weight of a petroleum pitch and (b) 5 to 500 parts by weight of a methanol-insoluble and benzene-soluble component contained in a heavy oil obtained in a fluid catalytic cracking of petroleum. The heavy oil has a boiling range not lower than 200/sup 0/C. The component has been obtained by treating the heavy oil with methanol and benzene so as to remove methanol soluble and benzene insoluble fractions therefrom while retaining therein methanol-insoluble and benzene-soluble fractions.

  5. SHORT COMMUNICATION Dynamical analysis of winter terrain park jumps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of this work is to show how a dynamical analysis can assess impact injury risks and inform safer terrain park frequently pose a hazard to patrons and may represent a significant liability risk to winter resorts. By performing a simple dynamic analysis of terrain park jumps, the relative risk to impact injuries for any

  6. Peak-Jumping Frequent Itemset Mining Nele Dexters1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Gucht, Dirk

    Peak-Jumping Frequent Itemset Mining Algorithms Nele Dexters1 , Paul W. Purdom2 , and Dirk Van Gucht2 1 Departement Wiskunde-Informatica, Universiteit Antwerpen, Belgium, nele.dexters@ua.ac.be, 2. We analyze algorithms that, under the right circumstances, permit efficient mining for frequent

  7. Rapid starting methanol reactor system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chludzinski, Paul J. (38 Berkshire St., Swampscott, MA 01907); Dantowitz, Philip (39 Nancy Ave., Peabody, MA 01960); McElroy, James F. (12 Old Cart Rd., Hamilton, MA 01936)

    1984-01-01

    The invention relates to a methanol-to-hydrogen cracking reactor for use with a fuel cell vehicular power plant. The system is particularly designed for rapid start-up of the catalytic methanol cracking reactor after an extended shut-down period, i.e., after the vehicular fuel cell power plant has been inoperative overnight. Rapid system start-up is accomplished by a combination of direct and indirect heating of the cracking catalyst. Initially, liquid methanol is burned with a stoichiometric or slightly lean air mixture in the combustion chamber of the reactor assembly. The hot combustion gas travels down a flue gas chamber in heat exchange relationship with the catalytic cracking chamber transferring heat across the catalyst chamber wall to heat the catalyst indirectly. The combustion gas is then diverted back through the catalyst bed to heat the catalyst pellets directly. When the cracking reactor temperature reaches operating temperature, methanol combustion is stopped and a hot gas valve is switched to route the flue gas overboard, with methanol being fed directly to the catalytic cracking reactor. Thereafter, the burner operates on excess hydrogen from the fuel cells.

  8. The evolution of asteroids in the jumping-Jupiter migration model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roig, Fernando

    2015-01-01

    In this work, we investigate the evolution of a primordial belt of asteroids, represented by a large number of massless test particles, under the gravitational effect of migrating Jovian planets in the framework of the jumping-Jupiter model. We perform several simulations considering test particles distributed in the Main Belt, as well as in the Hilda and Trojan groups. The simulations start with Jupiter and Saturn locked in the mutual 3:2 mean motion resonance plus 3 Neptune-mass planets in a compact orbital configuration. Mutual planetary interactions during migration led one of the Neptunes to be ejected in less than 10 Myr of evolution, causing Jupiter to jump by about 0.3 au in semi-major axis. This introduces a large scale instability in the studied populations of small bodies. After the migration phase, the simulations are extended over 4 Gyr, and we compare the final orbital structure of the simulated test particles to the current Main Belt of asteroids with absolute magnitude $H<9.7$. The results ...

  9. Property:StartYear | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLCALLETE Inc dEA EISProject JumpRegion Jump

  10. Property:StartDate | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS Report Url Jump to:ProgrammableYearSoftwarePage JumpCovered

  11. Heat release by controlled continuous-time Markov jump processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paolo Muratore-Ginanneschi; Carlos Mejía-Monasterio; Luca Peliti

    2012-12-17

    We derive the equations governing the protocols minimizing the heat released by a continuous-time Markov jump process on a one-dimensional countable state space during a transition between assigned initial and final probability distributions in a finite time horizon. In particular, we identify the hypotheses on the transition rates under which the optimal control strategy and the probability distribution of the Markov jump problem obey a system of differential equations of Hamilton-Bellman-Jacobi-type. As the state-space mesh tends to zero, these equations converge to those satisfied by the diffusion process minimizing the heat released in the Langevin formulation of the same problem. We also show that in full analogy with the continuum case, heat minimization is equivalent to entropy production minimization. Thus, our results may be interpreted as a refined version of the second law of thermodynamics.

  12. Insider Models with Finite Utility in Markets with Jumps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kohatsu-Higa, Arturo; Yamazato, Makoto

    2011-10-15

    In this article we consider, under a Levy process model for the stock price, the utility optimization problem for an insider agent whose additional information is the final price of the stock blurred with an additional independent noise which vanishes as the final time approaches. Our main interest is establishing conditions under which the utility of the insider is finite. Mathematically, the problem entails the study of a 'progressive' enlargement of filtration with respect to random measures. We study the jump structure of the process which leads to the conclusion that in most cases the utility of the insider is finite and his optimal portfolio is bounded. This can be explained financially by the high risks involved in models with jumps.

  13. Analysis and Improvements of Fringe Jump Corrections by Electronics on the JET Tokamak FIR Interferometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Analysis and Improvements of Fringe Jump Corrections by Electronics on the JET Tokamak FIR Interferometer

  14. Fast MCMC sampling for Markov jump processes and extensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bach, Francis

    Fast MCMC sampling for Markov jump processes and extensions Vinayak Rao and Yee Whye Teh Rao-backward, Baum-Welch. V Rao and Y W Teh (Mar 2013) Fast MCMC for MJPs 2 / 41 #12;Continuous-Time Hidden Markov state i V Rao and Y W Teh (Mar 2013) Fast MCMC for MJPs 3 / 41 #12;Predator-Prey (Lotka-Volterra) Model

  15. Jumping-Droplet-Enhanced Condensation on Scalable Superhydrophobic Nanostructured Surfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miljkovic, N; Enright, R; Nam, Y; Lopez, K; Dou, N; Sack, J; Wang, E

    2012-01-01

    When droplets coalesce on a superhydrophobic nanostructured surface, the resulting droplet can jump from the surface due to the release of excess surface energy. If designed properly, these superhydrophobic nanostructured surfaces can not only allow for easy droplet removal at micrometric length scales during condensation but also promise to enhance heat transfer performance. However, the rationale for the design of an ideal nanostructured surface as well as heat transfer experiments demonstrating the advantage of this jumping behavior are lacking. Here, we show that silanized copper oxide surfaces created via a simple fabrication method can achieve highly efficient jumping-droplet condensation heat transfer. We experimentally demonstrated a 25% higher overall heat flux and 30% higher condensation heat transfer coefficient compared to state-of-the-art hydrophobic condensing surfaces at low supersaturations (<1.12). This work not only shows significant condensation heat transfer enhancement but also promises a low cost and scalable approach to increase efficiency for applications such as atmospheric water harvesting and dehumidification. Furthermore, the results offer insights and an avenue to achieve high flux superhydrophobic condensation.

  16. Jump Steady Resort Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy ResourcesOrder atHills,New York: EnergyUnlimitedEnergy Information Jump

  17. Computing the Rates of Measurement-Induced Quantum Jumps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michel Bauer; Denis Bernard; Antoine Tilloy

    2015-06-08

    Small quantum systems can now be continuously monitored experimentally which allows for the reconstruction of quantum trajectories. A peculiar feature of these trajectories is the emergence of jumps between the eigenstates of the observable which is measured. Using the Stochastic Master Equation (SME) formalism for continuous quantum measurements, we show that the density matrix of a system indeed shows a jumpy behavior when it is subjected to a tight measurement (even if the noise in the SME is Gaussian). We are able to compute the jump rates analytically for any system evolution, i.e. any Lindbladian, and we illustrate how our general recipe can be applied to two simple examples. We then discuss the mathematical, foundational and practical applications of our results. The analysis we present is based on a study of the strong noise limit of a class of stochastic differential equations (the SME) and as such the method may be applicable to other physical situations in which a strong noise limit plays a role.

  18. Making Things Clearer: Exaggeration, Jumping the Gun, and The Venus Syndrome

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    1 Making Things Clearer: Exaggeration, Jumping the Gun, and The Venus Syndrome 15 April 2013 James. Jumping the Gun It has been said that I reach conclusions before the evidence warrants them. Two examples

  19. Alaska START Application | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Alaska START Round Three Application More Documents & Publications CERTIFIED REALTY SPECIALIST Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning Efficiency SITN Regional Outreach Map...

  20. Precautionary Measures for Credit Risk Management in Jump Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Egami, Masahiko

    2011-01-01

    Sustaining efficiency and stability by properly controlling the equity to asset ratio is one of the most important and difficult challenges in bank management. Due to unexpected and abrupt decline of asset values, a bank must closely monitor its net worth as well as market conditions, and one of its important concerns is when to raise more capital so as not to violate capital adequacy requirements. In this paper, we model the tradeoff between avoiding costs of delay and premature capital raising, and solve the corresponding optimal stopping problem. In order to model defaults in a bank's loan/credit business portfolios, we represent its net worth by Levy processes, and solve explicitly for the double exponential jump diffusion process and for a general spectrally negative Levy process.

  1. Markov Jump Processes Approximating a Non-Symmetric Generalized Diffusion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Limic, Nedzad

    2011-08-15

    Consider a non-symmetric generalized diffusion X( Dot-Operator ) in Double-Struck-Capital-R {sup d} determined by the differential operator A(x) = -{Sigma}{sub ij} {partial_derivative}{sub i}a{sub ij}(x){partial_derivative}{sub j} + {Sigma}{sub i} b{sub i}(x){partial_derivative}{sub i}. In this paper the diffusion process is approximated by Markov jump processes X{sub n}( Dot-Operator ), in homogeneous and isotropic grids G{sub n} Subset-Of Double-Struck-Capital-R {sup d}, which converge in distribution in the Skorokhod space D([0,{infinity}), Double-Struck-Capital-R {sup d}) to the diffusion X( Dot-Operator ). The generators of X{sub n}( Dot-Operator ) are constructed explicitly. Due to the homogeneity and isotropy of grids, the proposed method for d{>=}3 can be applied to processes for which the diffusion tensor {l_brace}a{sub ij}(x){r_brace}{sub 11}{sup dd} fulfills an additional condition. The proposed construction offers a simple method for simulation of sample paths of non-symmetric generalized diffusion. Simulations are carried out in terms of jump processes X{sub n}( Dot-Operator ). For piece-wise constant functions a{sub ij} on Double-Struck-Capital-R {sup d} and piece-wise continuous functions a{sub ij} on Double-Struck-Capital-R {sup 2} the construction and principal algorithm are described enabling an easy implementation into a computer code.

  2. NUMERICAL STUDY OF A TURBULENT HYDRAULIC JUMP Qun Zhao 1 Shubhra K. Misra1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Qun

    . Hydraulic jumps are commonly used as energy dissipators and they have been studied intensively by hydraulicNUMERICAL STUDY OF A TURBULENT HYDRAULIC JUMP Qun Zhao 1 Shubhra K. Misra1 Ib A. Svendsen 1 (Member of a turbulent hydraulic jump. The numerical model is based on RIPPLE (Kothe et al., 1994) with two turbulence

  3. Jump Flooding in GPU with Applications to Voronoi Diagram and Distance Transform Guodong Rong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Tiow Seng

    Jump Flooding in GPU with Applications to Voronoi Diagram and Distance Transform Guodong Rong Tiow of the jump flooding algorithm is shown in the other six pictures, with the rightmost being the computed Voronoi diagram. Abstract This paper studies jump flooding as an algorithmic paradigm in the general

  4. Edit: Study -APP Save | Exit | Hide/Show Errors | Print... | Jump To

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biederman, Irving

    Edit: Study - APP Save | Exit | Hide/Show Errors | Print... | Jump To: 01. Project Guidance Save | Exit | Hide/Show Errors | Print... | Jump To: 01. Project IdentificationStarDev/ResourceAdministration/Project/ProjectEditor?Project=com... 1 #12;Edit: Study - APP- Save | Exit | Hide/Show Errors | Print... | Jump To: 02. Study

  5. Prediction of martensite start temperature Mathew Peet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    Prediction of martensite start temperature Mathew Peet September 23, 2014 Abstract Methods have been evaluated for the prediction of the martensite­ start temperature as a function of composition to the importance of phase transformations and heat treatments on the mechanical properties of steels, and due

  6. Getting Started in Research Administration v2 5/26/2015 Getting Started in Research Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammack, Richard

    1 Getting Started in Research Administration v2 5/26/2015 Getting Started in Research Administration Training Opportunities and Online Resources Contents Introduction........................................................................................................................................................................2 Mandatory Training for Investigators and Administrators

  7. Quantum Jump from Singularity to Outside of Black Hole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dündar, Furkan Semih

    2015-01-01

    Considering the role of black hole singularity in quantum evolution, a resolution to the firewall paradox is presented. It is emphasized that if an observer has the singularity as a part of his spacetime, then the semi-classical evolution would be non-unitary as viewed by him. Specifically, a free-falling observer inside the black hole would have a Hilbert space with non-unitary evolution; a quantum jump for particles encountering the singularity to outside of the horizon as part of late radiations in black hole evaporation. Accordingly, we elaborate the first postulate of black hole complementarity: freely falling observers who pass through the event horizon would have non-unitarity evolutions. The non-unitary evolution is such that it does not have physically measurable effects for them. Besides, no information would be lost in singularity. Taking the modified picture into account, the firewall paradox {can be} resolved, respecting No Drama. A by-product of our modification is that roughly half of the mass ...

  8. Introduction to Benchmarking: Starting a Benchmarking Plan

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation for the Introduction to Benchmarking: Starting a Benchmarking Plan webinar, presented on February 21, 2013 as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's Technical Assistance Program (TAP).

  9. Why Do Start-Ups Patent?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graham, Stuart; Sichelman, Ted

    2008-01-01

    Why Do Start-Ups Patent? another employee who actuallyBut Seriously, Folks! No patent for PBJ! , 41 T ENN . B ARBoy Takes Swing at U.S. Patents, N EW S CIENTIST , Apr. 17,

  10. Quantum Darwinism, Decoherence, and the Randomness of Quantum Jumps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zurek, Wojciech H.

    2014-06-05

    Tracing flows of information in our quantum Universe explains why we see the world as classical. Quantum principle of superposition decrees every combination of quantum states a legal quantum state. This is at odds with our experience. Decoherence selects preferred pointer states that survive interaction with the environment. They are localized and effectively classical. They persist while their superpositions decohere. Here we consider emergence of `the classical' starting at a more fundamental pre-decoherence level, tracing the origin of preferred pointer states and deducing their probabilities from the core quantum postulates. We also explore role of the environment as medium through which observers acquire information. This mode of information transfer leads to perception of objective classical reality.

  11. Eleven Tribes Jump START Clean Energy Projects, Summer 2012 (Newsletter), U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Indian Energy (OIE), Indian Energy Beat

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based|DepartmentStatementofAprilofEnergy 1 DOE

  12. Getting Started Videoconferences | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunities NuclearlongGeneralGeorgePageStartedStarted Getting

  13. Getting Started Videoconferences | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunities NuclearlongGeneralGeorgePageStartedStarted Getting

  14. Start your information security planning here!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magee, Joseph W.

    Start your information security planning here! Save the Date July 15, 2008 8:30 am ­ 12:30 pm-technology crimes. For additional information, visit http://csrc.nist.gov/secure iz/b or contact: securebiz developed a workshop to help the small business owner increase information system security. Learn how

  15. Verifying the INF and START treaties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ifft, Edward [School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057 (United States)

    2014-05-09

    The INF and START Treaties form the basis for constraints on nuclear weapons. Their verification provisions are one of the great success stories of modern arms control and will be an important part of the foundation upon which the verification regime for further constraints on nuclear weapons will be constructed.

  16. Getting Started Advanced Search for Funding Opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchowski, Andrew T.

    Getting Started Advanced Search for Funding Opportunities For Assistance Delete Criteria to Update Search Funding ­ Finding Additional Sources Saving and Printing SPIN Search Results Past funding opportunities can be searched in InfoEd to: · find opportunities that were added prior to your account set

  17. Getting Started Guide ESA Series Spectrum Analyzers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anlage, Steven

    Getting Started Guide ESA Series Spectrum Analyzers This manual provides documentation yourself with the symbols and their meaning before operating this analyzer. WARNING Warning denotes, if not correctly performed or adhered to, could result in damage to or destruction of the analyzer. Do not proceed

  18. Health Coaching Available Starting November 20th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marsh, David

    Health Coaching Available Starting November 20th ! If you've completed your health survey and printed your report, which explains what you are doing well and what you can do better, health coaches are now available. . Our health coaches can work with you to help you take your health to the next level

  19. START Renewable Energy Project Development Assistance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Indian Energy is now accepting applications for the third round of the Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team (START) Renewable Energy Project Development Assistance Program to provide Tribes with technical assistance with furthering the development of community- and commercial-scale renewable energy projects.

  20. Modelling the "Pop" in Winter Terrain Park Jumps J. A. McNeil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    at ski resorts have found that jumping generally poses a signif- icantly greater risk of spine and head found that jumping generally (whether in a terrain park or not) poses a significantly greater risk of the feature." The authors have since identified experimental errors in this work and an erratum has been

  1. Starting apparatus for internal combustion engines

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dyches, Gregory M. (Barnwell, SC); Dudar, Aed M. (Augusta, GA)

    1997-01-01

    An internal combustion engine starting apparatus uses a signal from a curt sensor to determine when the engine is energized and the starter motor should be de-energized. One embodiment comprises a transmitter, receiver, computer processing unit, current sensor and relays to energize a starter motor and subsequently de-energize the same when the engine is running. Another embodiment comprises a switch, current transducer, low-pass filter, gain/comparator, relay and a plurality of switches to energize and de-energize a starter motor. Both embodiments contain an indicator lamp or speaker which alerts an operator as to whether a successful engine start has been achieved. Both embodiments also contain circuitry to protect the starter and to de-energize the engine.

  2. Portuguese refiner starts up new gasoline complex

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1995-03-13

    Petroleos de Portugal S.A. (Petrogal) has started up a new $85 million gasoline complex at its Sines, Portugal, refinery. The complex includes HF alkylation and Hydrisom units. The refinery also has completed an overall $650 million upgrade that includes a new visbreaker and vacuum column. Petrogal says the project has increased gasoline production to about 30,000 b/d. Major units constructed for the overall refinery expansion included: a 35,000 b/sd FCCU; a 26,000 b/sd visbreaker; a 45,000 b/sd vacuum distillation unit; two extractive mercaptan columns; an amylene treater; a sulfur-recovery system; and an 8,000 b/sd alkylation complex. The paper describes the gasoline complex, laboratory, safety, control room operation, and start-up.

  3. Energy Department Extends Deadline to Apply for START Tribal...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Extends Deadline to Apply for START Tribal Renewable Energy Project Development Assistance to May 22, 2015 Energy Department Extends Deadline to Apply for START Tribal Renewable...

  4. Energy Department Extends Deadline to Apply for START Tribal...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    for the third round of Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team (START) Renewable Energy Project Development Assistance to May 22, 2015. The START Program provides federally...

  5. Applications for START Clean Energy Project Development Technical...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    for the third round of Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team (START) Renewable Energy Project Development Assistance. Through START, federally recognized tribal...

  6. Sponsorship Packet Young Alumni Night

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    Sponsorship Packet 2015 Young Alumni Night at SweetWater Brewing Company #12;UGA Young Alumni Night at SweetWater Brewing Company 2015 Sponsorship Opportunities Silver Sponsor - $500 Logo on UGA Young Alumni at SweetWater Brewing Company 2015 Sponsorship Opportunities (company or individual name as it should

  7. Starting Points | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia4) August 20123/%2A en Signature ofSebStarting Points |

  8. Fast Start Financing | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdisto Electric Coop,ErosionNewCoalFarmland Protection Policy ActStart

  9. Information Shocks, Liquidity Shocks, Jumps, and Price Discovery: Evidence from the U.S. Treasury Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, George J.

    In this paper, we identify jumps in U.S. Treasury-bond (T-bond) prices and investigate what causes such unexpected large price changes. In particular, we examine the relative importance of macroeconomic news announcements ...

  10. LETTER doi:10.1038/nature13436 Tracking photon jumps with repeated quantum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devoret, Michel H.

    LETTER doi:10.1038/nature13436 Tracking photon jumps with repeated quantum non-demolition parity measurements L. Sun1 {, A. Petrenko1 , Z. Leghtas1 , B. Vlastakis1 , G. Kirchmair1 {, K. M. Sliwa1 , A. Narla1

  11. Property:Incentive/StartDate | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to: navigation,PropertyPartner7WebsiteCertReqs JumpResCode Jump to:

  12. 20 MW Maibarara Geothermal Power Project Starts Commercial Operations |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand Dalton Jump to:Wylie,Information Skord, Et Al., 2011)2003 Jump

  13. Property:GBIG/ObservationStartDate | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to: navigation,Property EditMimeType JumpFuturePlans Jump

  14. Bow-wave-like hydraulic jump and horseshoe vortex around an obstacle in a supercritical open channel flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Bow-wave-like hydraulic jump and horseshoe vortex around an obstacle in a supercritical open the obstacle, two main flow structures are observed: i a hydraulic jump in the near-surface region and ii turbulent regime , the detachment length of the hydraulic jump exceeds the one of the horseshoe vortex

  15. Method and apparatus for starting supersonic compressors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lawlor, Shawn P

    2013-08-06

    A supersonic gas compressor with bleed gas collectors, and a method of starting the compressor. The compressor includes aerodynamic duct(s) situated for rotary movement in a casing. The aerodynamic duct(s) generate a plurality of oblique shock waves for efficiently compressing a gas at supersonic conditions. A convergent inlet is provided adjacent to a bleed gas collector, and during startup of the compressor, bypass gas is removed from the convergent inlet via the bleed gas collector, to enable supersonic shock stabilization. Once the oblique shocks are stabilized at a selected inlet relative Mach number and pressure ratio, the bleed of bypass gas from the convergent inlet via the bypass gas collectors is effectively eliminated.

  16. Property:Incentive/StartDateString | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo,AltFuelVehicle2 Jump to: navigation, searchContDiv Jump

  17. Revisiting the emission from relativistic blast waves in a density-jump medium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Geng, J. J.; Huang, Y. F.; Dai, Z. G. [School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Wu, X. F. [Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008 (China); Li, Liang, E-mail: hyf@nju.edu.cn, E-mail: dzg@nju.edu.cn, E-mail: xfwu@pmo.ac.cn [Department of Physics, Stockholm University, AlbaNova, SE-106 91 Stockholm (Sweden)

    2014-09-01

    Re-brightening bumps are frequently observed in gamma-ray burst afterglows. Many scenarios have been proposed to interpret the origin of these bumps, of which a blast wave encountering a density-jump in the circumburst environment has been questioned by recent works. We develop a set of differential equations to calculate the relativistic outflow encountering the density-jump by extending the work of Huang et al. This approach is a semi-analytic method and is very convenient. Our results show that late high-amplitude bumps cannot be produced under common conditions, rather only a short plateau may emerge even when the encounter occurs at an early time (<10{sup 4} s). In general, our results disfavor the density-jump origin for those observed bumps, which is consistent with the conclusion drawn from full hydrodynamics studies. The bumps thus should be caused by other scenarios.

  18. Eastman, AP start on coal unit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-10-25

    Eastman Chemical and Air Products and Chemicals (AP) have started construction of a $214-million, coal-to-methanol demonstration unit at Eastmans site in Kingsport, TN. The project is part of the Department of Energy`s clean coal technology program and is receiving $93 million in federal support. The demonstration unit-which will have a methanol capacity of 260 tons/day-will use novel catalyst technology for converting coal-derived synthesis gas (syngas) to methanol. Unlike conventional technology that processes syngas through a fixed bed of dry catalyst particles, the liquid-phase methanol process converts the syngas in a single vessel containing catalysts suspended in mineral oil. The companies say the innovation allows the process to better able handle the gases from coal gasifiers and is more stable and reliable than existing processes. Eastman says it will use the methanol produced by the plant as a chemical feedstock. It currently uses methanol as an intermediate in making acetic anhydride and dimethyl terephthalate. In addition, the companies say the methanol will be evaluated as a feedstock in making methyl tert-butyl ether for reformulated fuels. Eastman also says it will evaluate coproducing dimethyl ether (DME) with the methanol. DME can be used as a fuel additive or blended with methanol for a chemical feedstock, according to Eastman.

  19. Green Business in Indian Country Start-Up Award

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Trees, Water, & People is accepting applications for the Green Business in Indian Country Start-Up Award and offering assistance to one selected applicant in starting their own business in a related field.

  20. Start-Up of FEL Oscillator from Shot Noise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, V.; Krishnagopal, S.; Fawley, W.M.

    2007-01-01

    of start-up of the CUTE-FEL oscillator from shot noiseof passes required for the FEL to saturate is equivalent toSTART-UP OF FEL OSCILLATOR FROM SHOT NOISE V. Kumar ? , S.

  1. Start-up manufacturing firms: operations for survival 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Kuangyi

    2009-11-25

    Start-up firms play an important role in the economy. Statistics show that a large percent of start-up firms fail after few years of establishment. Raising capital, which is crucial to success, is one of the difficulties ...

  2. Modeling Cold Start in a Polymer-Electrolyte Fuel Cell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balliet, Ryan

    2010-01-01

    of starting a cold PEFC . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2.3 Theand Design Parameters on PEFC Cold Start,” Journal of Powera) Expanded View of a single PEFC. (b) Cells arranged in a

  3. Modeling Cold Start in a Polymer-Electrolyte Fuel Cell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balliet, Ryan

    2010-01-01

    3.2.2.9 3.3 Cold—Start Simulation Transport of ions andperformance during cold start. Transport of water in thetransport overpotentials for the hydrogen electrode are neglected. Table 1.3: Automotive cold-

  4. Dynamics of a drop trapped inside a horizontal circular hydraulic jump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchesne, Alexis; Lebon, Luc; Pirat, Christophe; Limat, Laurent

    2013-01-01

    A drop of moderate size deposited inside a horizontal circular hydraulic jump of the same liquid remains trapped at the shock front and does not coalesce. In this situation the drop is moving along the jump and one observes two different motions: a periodic one (it orbitates at constant speed) and an irregular one involving reversals of the orbital motion. Modeling the drop as a rigid sphere exchanging friction with liquid across a thin film of air, we recover the orbital motion and the internal rotation of the drop. This internal rotation is experimentally observed.

  5. Orbits and reversals of a drop rolling inside a horizontal circular hydraulic jump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexis Duchesne; Clément Savaro; Luc Lebon; Christophe Pirat; Laurent Limat

    2013-02-14

    We explore the complex dynamics of a non-coalescing drop of moderate size inside a circular hydraulic jump of the same liquid formed on a horizontal disk. In this situation the drop is moving along the jump and one observes two different motions: a periodic one (it orbitates at constant speed) and an irregular one involving reversals of the orbital motion. Modeling the drop as a rigid sphere exchanging friction with liquid across a thin film of air, we recover the orbital motion and the internal rotation of the drop. This internal rotation is experimentally observed.

  6. Mantises exchange angular momentum between three rotating body parts to jump precisely to targets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burrows, M.; Cullen, D. A.; Dorosenko, M.; Sutton, G. P.

    2015-03-05

    muscular control. In the second manipulation, flexibility of the abdomen was reduced by super-gluing the segments together and this resulted in the mantises rotating at an angular velocity of 0.6 ± 0.2 degrees ms -1 (mean of means of 17 jumps by two 5... lens. The images had a resolution of 1024 x 1024 pixels and were fed directly to a computer for later analysis. Jumps were made from a platform made of high density white foam (Plastazote, Watkins and Doncaster, Cranbrook, Kent, UK) 85 mm deep and 150...

  7. Starting laminar plumes: Comparison of laboratory and numerical modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Keken, Peter

    Starting laminar plumes: Comparison of laboratory and numerical modeling Judith Vatteville Institut, France (davaille@fast.u-psud.fr) [1] A detailed comparison of starting laminar plumes in viscous fluids. Davaille (2009), Starting laminar plumes: Comparison of laboratory and numerical modeling, Geochem. Geophys

  8. Karine Chesnel Brigham Young University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Gus

    Exam committee at BYU Physics department Society member: American Physical Society (APS), The MineralsKarine Chesnel Brigham Young University Department of Physics & Astronomy N 319 ESC Provo, Utah, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Brigham Young University, Utah, USA 2007 (Jan-Dec): Visiting Researcher

  9. Usefulness of the reversible jump Markov chain Monte Carlo model in regional flood frequency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ribatet, Mathieu

    Usefulness of the reversible jump Markov chain Monte Carlo model in regional flood frequency; revised 3 May 2007; accepted 17 May 2007; published 3 August 2007. [1] Regional flood frequency analysis and the index flood approach. Results show that the proposed estimator is absolutely suited to regional

  10. Internal hydraulic jumps and overturning generated by tidal flow over a tall steep ridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klymak, Jody M.

    that tidal energy is both converted into internal waves, which radiate away from the topography, and used of tidal mixing for global climate models, the physical processes governing the transfer of energy fromInternal hydraulic jumps and overturning generated by tidal flow over a tall steep ridge Sonya Legg

  11. Kinetics and Mechanisms of Sulfate Adsorption/Desorption on Goethite Using Pressure-Jump Relaxation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Donald L.

    Kinetics and Mechanisms of Sulfate Adsorption/Desorption on Goethite Using Pressure-Jump Relaxation Peng Chu Zhang* and Donald L. Sparks ABSTRACT Sulfate adsorption/desorption on goethite (Fe indicated that adsorption decreased with increased pH of the goethite suspension. The triple-layer model fit

  12. Multi-scale Jump and Volatility Analysis for High-Frequency Financial Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fan, Jianqing

    Multi-scale Jump and Volatility Analysis for High-Frequency Financial Data Jianqing Fan and Yazhen Wang Version of May 2007 Abstract The wide availability of high-frequency data for many financial-diffusion processes observed with market microstructure noise are frequently used to model high-frequency financial

  13. Seismic signals are crucial for male mating success in a visual specialist jumping spider (Araneae: Salticidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elias, Damian Octavio

    Seismic signals are crucial for male mating success in a visual specialist jumping spider (Araneae of multicomponent seismic courtship signals in addition to and produced in concert with its multiple visual ornaments and movement displays. Here, we demonstrate the importance of these seismic signals

  14. Start-up control system and vessel for LMFBR

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Durrant, Oliver W. (Akron, OH); Kakarala, Chandrasekhara R. (Clinton, OH); Mandel, Sheldon W. (Galesburg, IL)

    1987-01-01

    A reflux condensing start-up system comprises a steam generator, a start-up vessel connected parallel to the steam generator, a main steam line connecting steam outlets of the steam generator and start-up vessel to a steam turbine, a condenser connected to an outlet of the turbine and a feedwater return line connected between the condenser and inlets of the steam generator and start-up vessel. The start-up vessel has one or more heaters at the bottom thereof for heating feedwater which is supplied over a start-up line to the start-up vessel. Steam is thus generated to pressurize the steam generator before the steam generator is supplied with a heat transfer medium, for example liquid sodium, in the case of a liquid metal fast breeder reactor. The start-up vessel includes upper and lower bulbs with a smaller diameter mid-section to act as water and steam reservoirs. The start-up vessel can thus be used not only in a start-up operation but as a mixing tank, a water storage tank and a level control at low loads for controlling feedwater flow.

  15. Start-up control system and vessel for LMFBR

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Durrant, Oliver W. (Akron, OH); Kakarala, Chandrasekhara R. (Clinton, OH); Mandel, Sheldon W. (Galesburg, IL)

    1987-01-01

    A reflux condensing start-up system includes a steam generator, a start-up vessel connected parallel to the steam generator, a main steam line connecting steam outlets of the steam generator and start-up vessel to a steam turbine, a condenser connected to an outlet of the turbine and a feedwater return line connected between the condenser and inlets of the steam generator and start-up vessel. The start-up vessel has one or more heaters at the bottom thereof for heating feedwater which is supplied over a start-up line to the start-up vessel. Steam is thus generated to pressurize the steam generator before the steam generator is supplied with a heat transfer medium, for example liquid sodium, in the case of a liquid metal fast breeder reactor. The start-up vessel includes upper and lower bulbs with a smaller diameter mid-section to act as water and steam reservoirs. The start-up vessel can thus be used not only in a start-up operation but as a mixing tank, a water storage tank and a level control at low loads for controlling feedwater flow.

  16. Making Fast Start Finance Work | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name:Power ElectronicsMakatec GmbH Jump

  17. Property:Geothermal/ProjectStartDate | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to: navigation,PropertyPartner7Website Jump to: navigation,ProjectEndDate

  18. Widget:ExpandableBoxStart | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThinWarsaw,What Is aDisqusHelper Jump to: navigation,EiJoinList

  19. Property:ASHRAE 169 Start Date | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly SmartDB-2,Information Promoting Clean Cars:Standard Jump

  20. BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY GEOLOGY STUDIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    #12;BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY GEOLOGY STUDIES Volume 33, Part 1 CONTENTS Tertiary Geologic History Geology of the Deadman Canyon 7112-Minute Quadrangle, Carbon County, Utah, Utah. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .James Douglas Smith 135 Geology

  1. DOE's Jefferson Lab Receives Approval To Start Construction of...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    DOE's Jefferson Lab Receives Approval To Start Construction of 310 Million Upgrade NEWPORT NEWS, Va., Sept. 15, 2008 - The U.S. Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National...

  2. Construction, Qualification, and Low Rate Production Start-up...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Manufacturing Facility with Capacity to Support 100,000 Electric Drive Vehicles Construction, Qualification, and Low Rate Production Start-up of a DC Bus Capacitor High Volume...

  3. Cold-Start Emissions Control in Hybrid Vehicles Equipped with...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Emissions Control in Hybrid Vehicles Equipped with a Passive Adsorber for Hydrocarbons and NOx Cold-Start Emissions Control in Hybrid Vehicles Equipped with a Passive Adsorber for...

  4. Start-up Plan for Plautonium-238 Production for Radioisotope...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    The Administration has requested the restart of plutonium-238 (Pu-238) production in fiscal year (FY) 2011. The following joint start-up plan, consistent with the President's...

  5. Automated high pressure cell for pressure jump x-ray diffraction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brooks, Nicholas J.; Gauthe, Beatrice L. L. E.; Templer, Richard H.; Ces, Oscar; Seddon, John M.; Terrill, Nick J.; Rogers, Sarah E.

    2010-06-15

    A high pressure cell for small and wide-angle x-ray diffraction measurements of soft condensed matter samples has been developed, incorporating a fully automated pressure generating network. The system allows both static and pressure jump measurements in the range of 0.1-500 MPa. Pressure jumps can be performed as quickly as 5 ms, both with increasing and decreasing pressures. Pressure is generated by a motorized high pressure pump, and the system is controlled remotely via a graphical user interface to allow operation by a broad user base, many of whom may have little previous experience of high pressure technology. Samples are loaded through a dedicated port allowing the x-ray windows to remain in place throughout an experiment; this facilitates accurate subtraction of background scattering. The system has been designed specifically for use at beamline I22 at the Diamond Light Source, United Kingdom, and has been fully integrated with the I22 beamline control systems.

  6. Temperature jump in degenerate quantum gases in the presence of a Bose - Einstein condensate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. V. Latyshev; A. A. Yushkanov

    2010-01-04

    We construct a kinetic equation modeling the behavior of degenerate quantum Bose gases whose collision rate depends on the momentum of elementary excitations. We consider the case where the phonon component is the decisive factor in the elementary excitations. We analytically solve the half-space boundary value problem of the temperature jump at the boundary of the degenerate Bose gas in the presence of a Bose -- Einstein condensate.

  7. A Lagrangian model of Copepod dynamics: clustering by escape jumps in turbulence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ardeshiri, Hamidreza; Schmitt, François G; Souissi, Sami; Toschi, Federico; Calzavarini, Enrico

    2016-01-01

    Planktonic copepods are small crustaceans that have the ability to swim by quick powerful jumps. Such an aptness is used to escape from high shear regions, which may be caused either by flow per- turbations, produced by a large predator (i.e. fish larvae), or by the inherent highly turbulent dynamics of the ocean. Through a combined experimental and numerical study, we investigate the impact of jumping behaviour on the small-scale patchiness of copepods in a turbulent environment. Recorded velocity tracks of copepods displaying escape response jumps in still water are here used to define and tune a Lagrangian Copepod (LC) model. The model is further employed to simulate the behaviour of thousands of copepods in a fully developed hydrodynamic turbulent flow obtained by direct numerical simulation of the Navier-Stokes equations. First, we show that the LC velocity statistics is in qualitative agreement with available experimental observations of copepods in tur- bulence. Second, we quantify the clustering of LC...

  8. Testing for jumps in the context of high frequency data Universite P. et M. Curie (Paris-6)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Testing for jumps in the context of high frequency data Jean Jacod Universit´e P. et M. Curie of these discrete observations, in the case of high frequency observations. That is, n is small, and we are in fact Universit´e P. et M. Curie (Paris-6) Testing for Jumps in the Context of High Frequency Data MONDAY, April 2

  9. Ge#ng Started on HokieSpeed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, T. Daniel

    Ge#ng Started on HokieSpeed Advanced Research Computing #12;Advanced Research Compu:ng;Advanced Research Compu:ng Important Login Informa:on · Account sheets provide login Compu:ng Ge#ng Started Steps 1. Sheet distributed provides your training account

  10. START Fact Sheet START, June 2014 1 The Evolution of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Wendell T.

    -Baghdadi announced the expansion of ISI to Syria, officially rebranding the organization as the Islamic State of IraqSTART Fact Sheet © START, June 2014 1 FACT SHEET The Evolution of the Islamic State of Iraq PREVIOUSLY POSITIVE 1) The group currently known as Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL

  11. COLD-START CHARACTERISTICS OF POLYMER ELECTROLYTE FUEL CELLS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mukherjee, Partha P [ORNL

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we investigate the electrochemical reaction kinetics, species transport, and solid water dynamics in a polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) during cold start. A simplified analysis is developed to enable the evaluation of the impact of ice volume fraction on cell performance during cold-start. Supporting neutron imaging data are also provided to reveal the real-time water evolution. Temperature-dependent voltage changes due to the reaction kinetics and ohmic loss are also analyzed based on the ionic conductivity of the membrane at subfreezing temperature. The analysis is valuable for the fundamental study of PEFC cold-start.

  12. Jump Chaotic Behaviour of Ultra Low Loss Bulk Acoustic Wave Cavities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxim Goryachev; Warrick G. Farr; Serge Galliou; Michael E. Tobar

    2014-06-16

    We demonstrate a previously unobserved nonlinear phenomenon in an ultra-low loss quartz Bulk Acoustic Wave cavity ($Q>3\\times10^9$), which only occurs below 20 milli-Kelvin in temperature and under relatively weak pumping. The phenomenon reveals the emergence of several stable equilibria (at least two foci and two nodes) and jumps between these quasi states at random times. The degree of this randomness as well as separations between levels can be controlled by the frequency of the incident carrier signal. It is demonstrated that the nature of the effect lays beyond the standard Duffing model.

  13. Jump chaotic behaviour of ultra low loss bulk acoustic wave cavities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goryachev, Maxim, E-mail: maxim.goryachev@uwa.edu.au; Farr, Warrick G.; Tobar, Michael E. [ARC Centre of Excellence for Engineered Quantum Systems, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley WA 6009 (Australia); Galliou, Serge [Department of Time and Frequency, FEMTO-ST Institute, ENSMM, 26 Chemin de l'Épitaphe 25000 Besançon (France)

    2014-08-11

    We demonstrate a previously unobserved nonlinear phenomenon in an ultra-low loss quartz bulk acoustic wave cavity (Q>3>10{sup 9}), which only occurs below 20 mK in temperature and under relatively weak pumping. The phenomenon reveals the emergence of several stable equilibria (at least two foci and two nodes) and jumps between these quasi states at random times. The degree of this randomness as well as separations between levels can be controlled by the frequency of the incident carrier signal. It is demonstrated that the nature of the effect lies beyond the standard Duffing model.

  14. Template:DivStartLeft | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al., 2013) | Open EnergyDBpediaValue Jump to: navigation,Define

  15. Property:Project Start Date | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource HistoryPotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGeneration Jump to: navigation,Power Transfer MethodCityResource

  16. Help:Starting a new page | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavy ElectricalsFTLTechnology Srl Jump

  17. Cold-Start Performance and Emissions Behavior of Alcohol Fuels...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Performance and Emissions Behavior of Alcohol Fuels in an SIDI Engine Using Transient Hardware-In-Loop Test Meth Cold-Start Performance and Emissions Behavior of Alcohol Fuels in...

  18. Construction, Qualification, and Low Rate Production Start-up...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of a DC Bus Capacitor High Volume Manufacturing Facility with Capacity to Support 100,000 Electric Drive Vehicles Construction, Qualification, and Low Rate Production Start-up of a...

  19. Product Design Specifications Starting Product Development Projects Right

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salustri, Filippo A.

    Product Design Specifications Starting Product Development Projects Right Filippo A What? How? teams must solve same problem unfettered innovation v.risk management need to created balanced designs a structured control document a thinking tool a collaboration tool promotes innovation

  20. Does START triage work? An outcomes assessment after a disaster.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahn, Christopher A; Schultz, Carl H; Miller, Ken T; Anderson, Craig L

    2009-01-01

    Does START Triage Work? An Outcomes Assessment after ato one with a score of 16 (red). Does one require anICU while the other does not? This is akin to the problems

  1. Laboratory Director Stewart Prager heralds start of new era with...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Laboratory Director Stewart Prager heralds start of new era with NSTX-U and looks to future projects in "State of the Laboratory" address By Jeanne Jackson DeVoe October 13, 2015...

  2. Laboratory Director Stewart Prager heralds start of new era with...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Laboratory Director Stewart Prager heralds start of new era with NSTX-U and looks to future projects in "State of the Laboratory" address By Jeanne Jackson DeVoe October 28, 2015...

  3. Are You Pregnant? Prevent Lead Poisoning. Start Now.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Are You Pregnant? Prevent Lead Poisoning. Start Now. Lead poisoning is caused by breathing to keep your baby safe from lead poisoning. Here's what you can do: 1 Watch out for lead in your home

  4. Feasibility of Starting a Waterjet Fabrication Plant in Amman, Jordan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Khaled A.

    2010-05-14

    This project is an attempt to investigate the feasibility of starting a waterjet fabrication plant in Amman, Jordan to precisely cut marble, granite, and ceramics. The frame work of the feasibility study included analyzing the proposed product...

  5. Large-eddy simulation of starting buoyant jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Law, Adrian Wing-Keung

    A series of Large Eddy Simulations (LES) are performed to investigate the penetration of starting buoyant jets. The LES code is first validated by comparing simulation results with existing experimental data for both steady ...

  6. Modeling Cold Start in a Polymer-Electrolyte Fuel Cell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balliet, Ryan

    2010-01-01

    Boundary conditions used for fuel—cell simulations. 3.12to the Problem of Cold Start 1.1 Polymer—Electrolyte Fuelin Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells — II. Parametric Study,”

  7. Jumping the Gun: Mapping Neural Correlates of Waiting Impulsivity and Relevance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, Laurel S.; Kundu, Prantik; Baek, Kwangyeol; Irvine, Michael A.; Mechelmans, Daisy J.; Wood, Jonathan; Harrison, Neil A.; Robbins, Trevor W.; Bullmore, Edward T.; Voon, Valerie

    2015-06-12

    availability(14) and reduced nucleus accumbens core grey matter density(15). Furthermore, lesions of the rodent infra-limbic cortex and the STN also enhance premature responding(16-19). Special interest falls on the STN, a major relay structure within... responding across social drinkers, binge drinkers and those with alcohol use disorders (AUD) in the third. We have previously shown that AUD have elevated premature responding tested using the 4-CSRT(11). As young adult binge drinkers are at elevated risk...

  8. QER- Comment of Allen Young

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    There is much that I can say about energy policy, but most important to me is the have no new infrastructure for fossil fuels, especially a proposed Kinder Morgan "northeast extension" pipeline through beautiful countryside in Massachusetts. There needs to be focus on renewables, plus conservation and efficiency. Allen Young

  9. Research Councils UK Engaging Young

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    Research Councils UK Engaging Young People with Cutting Edge Research: a guide for researchers and teachers #12;Information for Researchers pages 1-8 Information for Teachers pages 9-14 Resources for Researchers and Teachers pages 15-20 #12;Research Councils UK (RCUK) support a portfolio of successful

  10. FIRE Diagnostics Kenneth M. Young

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    first evaluation of plasmas where alpha-particle heating dominates. K. M. Young 5/2/00 #12;Simplified° Vacuum Vessel Test Cell Floor Quartz coherent fiber optic bundles Radiation Shielding Enclosure Detector Enclosure Probes Basement Floor Shielding for fiber bundles CL TFTR Escaping Alpha Diagnostic TFTR K. M

  11. YOUNG GEOLOGY GEOLOGY OF THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    YOUNG GEOLOGY UNIVERSITY May, 1962 GEOLOGY OF THE SOUTHERN WASATCH MOUNTAINS AND VICIN~IM,UTAH C O ....................J. Keith Rigby 80 Economic Geology of North-Central Utah ...,............... Kcnneth C.Bdodc 85 Rod Log ........................Lehi F. Hintze, J. Ka# Ri&, & ClydeT. Hardy 95 Geologic Map of Southern

  12. Owning Hazard, A Tragedy Barbara Young Welke*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Jeffrey A.

    693 Owning Hazard, A Tragedy Barbara Young Welke* In Memory of Frances Young Welke (March 21, 1992 in the ownership of hazard from the individuals who suffered injury, to the enterprises involved in manufacturing

  13. Stop and Restart Effects on Modern Vehicle Starting System Components

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Windover, Paul R.; Owens, Russell J.; Levinson, Terry M.; Laughlin, Michael; Gaines, Linda

    2015-01-01

    Many drivers of personal and commercial vehicles believe that turning the vehicle off and on frequently instead of idling will cause premature wear of the starter system (starter motor and starter battery). As a result, they are concerned that the replacement cost of the starter motor and/or battery due to increased manual engine cycling would be more than the cumulative cost of the fuel saved by not idling unnecessarily. A number of variables play a role in addressing this complex concern, including the number of starting cycles per day, the time between starting cycles, the intended design life of the starting system, the amount of fuel used to restart an engine, and the cumulative cost of the saved fuel. Qualitative and quantitative information from a variety of sources was used to develop a life-cycle economic model to evaluate the cost and quantify the realistic factors that are related to the permissible frequency of starter motor cycles for the average vehicle to economically minimize engine idle time. Annual cost savings can be calculated depending on shutdown duration and the number of shutdown cycles per day. Analysis shows that cost savings are realized by eliminating idling exceeding one minute by shutting down the engine and restarting it. For a typical motorist, the damage to starting system components resulting from additional daily start cycles will be negligible. Overall, it was found that starter life is mostly dependent on the total number of start cycles, while battery life is more dependent on ensuring a full charge between start events.

  14. Smooth Light Curves from a Bumpy Ride: Relativistic Blast Wave Encounters a Density Jump

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nakar, Ehud; /Caltech; Granot, Jonathan; /KIPAC, Menlo Park

    2006-06-06

    Some gamma-ray burst (GRB) afterglow light curves show significant variability, which often includes episodes of rebrightening. Such temporal variability had been attributed in several cases to large fluctuations in the external density, or density ''bumps''. Here we carefully examine the effect of a sharp increase in the external density on the afterglow light curve by considering, for the first time, a full treatment of both the hydrodynamic evolution and the radiation in this scenario. To this end we develop a semi-analytic model for the light curve and carry out several elaborate numerical simulations using a one dimensional hydrodynamic code together with a synchrotron radiation code. Two spherically symmetric cases are explored in detail--a density jump in a uniform external medium, and a wind termination shock. The effect of density clumps is also constrained. Contrary to previous works, we find that even a very sharp (modeled as a step function) and large (by a factor of a >> 1) increase in the external density does not produce sharp features in the light curve, and cannot account for significant temporal variability in GRB afterglows. For a wind termination shock, the light curve smoothly transitions between the asymptotic power laws over about one decade in time, and there is no rebrightening in the optical or X-rays that could serve as a clear observational signature. For a sharp jump in a uniform density profile we find that the maximal deviation {Delta}{alpha}{sub max} of the temporal decay index {alpha} from its asymptotic value (at early and late times), is bounded (e.g, {Delta}{alpha}{sub max} < 0.4 for {alpha} = 10); {Delta}{alpha}{sub max} slowly increases with {alpha}, converging to {Delta}{alpha}{sub max} {approx} 1 at very large {alpha} values. Therefore, no optical rebrightening is expected in this case as well. In the X-rays, while the asymptotic flux is unaffected by the density jump, the fluctuations in {alpha} are found to be comparable to those in the optical. Finally, we discuss the implications of our results for the origin of the observed fluctuations in several GRB afterglows.

  15. "You Can't Just Jump Into the Icy Pool of Metacognition": The Value of Networking and Community Building in California Community Colleges' Reading Apprenticeship Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrington, Deborah Lea

    2014-01-01

    You Can't Just Jump Into the Icy Pool of Metacognition": TheYou Can't Just Jump Into the Icy Pool of Metacognition": Thejump  into  the  icy  pool  of  metacognition. ”  This  

  16. Anomalous specific heat jump in a two-component ultracold Fermi gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Armen Sedrakian; Herbert Müther; Artur Polls

    2006-09-20

    The thermodynamic functions of a Fermi gas with spin population imbalance are studied in the temperature-asymmetry plane in the BCS limit. The low temperature domain is characterized by anomalous enhancement of the entropy and the specific heat above their values in the unpaired state, decrease of the gap and eventual unpairing phase transition as the temperature is lowered. The unpairing phase transition induces a second jump in the specific heat, which can be measured in calorimetric experiments. While the superfluid is unstable against a supercurrent carrying state, it may sustain a metastable state if cooled adiabatically down from the stable high-temperature domain. In the latter domain the temperature dependence of the gap and related functions is analogous to the predictions of the BCS theory.

  17. Limiting results for the free energy of directed polymers in random environment with unbounded jumps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Francis Comets; Ryoki Fukushima; Shuta Nakajima; Nobuo Yoshida

    2015-08-11

    We study asymptotics of the free energy for the directed polymer in random environment. The polymer is allowed to make unbounded jumps and the environment is given by Bernoulli variables. We first establish the existence and continuity of the free energy including the negative infinity value of the coupling constant $\\beta$. Our proof of existence at $\\beta=-\\infty$ differs from existing ones in that it avoids the direct use of subadditivity. Secondly, we identify the asymptotics of the free energy at $\\beta=-\\infty$ in the limit of the success probability of the Bernoulli variables tending to one. It is described by using the so-called time constant of a certain directed first passage percolation. Our proof relies on a certain continuity property of the time constant, which is of independent interest.

  18. Limiting results for the free energy of directed polymers in random environment with unbounded jumps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Francis Comets; Ryoki Fukushima; Shuta Nakajima; Nobuo Yoshida

    2015-05-27

    We study asymptotic behaviors of the free energy for the directed polymer in random environment. The polymer is allowed to make unbounded jumps and the environment is given by the Bernoulli variables. We first establish the existence and continuity including the negative infinity value of the coupling constant $\\beta$. Our proof of existence at $\\beta=-\\infty$ differs from existing ones in that it avoids the direct use of subadditivity. Secondly, we identify the asymptotics of the free energy at $\\beta=-\\infty$ in the limit of the success probability of the Bernoulli variables tending to one. It is described by using the so-called time constant of a certain directed first passage percolation. Our proof relies on a certain continuity property of the time constant, which is of independent interest.

  19. Zhengzhou High Tech Start up Investment | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) JumpZhuyuanWindey Wind GeneratingZhengzhou High Tech

  20. Clean Start/McClellan Technology Incubator | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButte County,Camilla,ThermalCubaParker,GeorgiaValleyCleanDesign Jump

  1. "Granular jets and hydraulic jumps on an inclined plane", C. G. Johnson, J. M. N. T. Gray ( ), J. Fluid Mech., (Submitted)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidorov, Nikita

    · "Granular jets and hydraulic jumps on an inclined plane", C. G. Johnson, J. M. N. T. Gray ( ), J material impinging on an inclined plane pro- duces a diverse range of ows, from steady hydraulic jumps-moving radial ow, surrounded by either a teardrop-shaped, or a `blunted' hydraulic jump. A depth

  2. The start-up of the bi-provincial upgrader

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chase, S. [Husky Oil Operations Ltd., Calgary, Alberta (Canada)

    1995-12-31

    The Bi-Provincial Upgrader is a $1.63 x 10{sup 9} Cdn grass-roots heavy oil upgrading facility located near Lloydminster, Saskatchewan. The facility, which started operation in August 1992, is designed to produce 7300 m{sup 3}/day of 34{degrees}API synthetic crude from 11-15{degrees}API heavy crude oils. The start-up and initial operation of the facility has been a technical success. The facility reached design capacity in a much shorter time than typically reported for the start-up of similar units and has operated reliably at better than design capacity. In this paper, the plant operating performance is reviewed in some detail. A review of the engineering and construction phases and a summary of regional benefits is also included.

  3. Modeling and cold start in alcohol-fueled engines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Markel, A.J.; Bailey, B.K.

    1998-05-01

    Neat alcohol fuels offer several benefits over conventional gasoline in automotive applications. However, their low vapor pressure and high heat of vaporization make it difficult to produce a flammable vapor composition from a neat alcohol fuel during a start under cold ambient conditions. Various methods have been introduced to compensate for this deficiency. In this study, the authors applied computer modeling and simulation to evaluate the potential of four cold-start technologies for engines fueled by near-neat alcohol. The four technologies were a rich combustor device, a partial oxidation reactor, a catalytic reformer, and an enhanced ignition system. The authors ranked the competing technologies by their ability to meet two primary criteria for cold starting an engine at {minus}25 deg C and also by several secondary parameters related to commercialization. Their analysis results suggest that of the four technologies evaluated, the enhanced ignition system is the best option for further development.

  4. Cold-start characteristics of polymer electrolyte fuel cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mishler, Jeff [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mukundan, Rangachary [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wang, Yun [UNIV. CAL. RIVERSIDE; Mishler, Jeff [UNIV. CAL. RIVERSIDE; Mukherjee, Partha P [ORNL

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we investigate the electrochemical reaction kinetics, species transport, and solid water dynamics in a polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) during cold start. A simplitied analysis is developed to enable the evaluation of the impact of ice volume fraction on cell performance during coldstart. Supporting neutron imaging data are also provided to reveal the real-time water evolution. Temperature-dependent voltage changes due to the reaction kinetics and ohmic loss are also analyzed based on the ionic conductivity of the membrane at subfreezing temperature. The analysis is valuable for the fundamental study of PEFC cold-start.

  5. Quick Start Guide: Completing Your CHP November 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Sally

    Quick Start Guide: Completing Your CHP November 2014 This Laboratory Safety Manual (LSM) is your of what the Washington Department of Labor and Industries calls a "Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP)." The CHP is required for all laboratories that use hazardous chemicals. EH&S developed much of your CHP for you

  6. Capital Assets...Start to Finish Business & Financial Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    their inventory responsibilities #12;CAPITAL ASSETS · Capital Items ­ Equipment that has an acquisition cost of $5Capital Assets...Start to Finish Business & Financial Services Property Management Professional & Roles Acquisition Tracking Disposition #12;PROPERTY MANGEMENT OVERVIEW · Record and track capital assets

  7. LBTO Forest Fire Contingency Plan 5 Doc_info_start

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ziurys, Lucy M.

    LBTO Forest Fire Contingency Plan 5 Doc_info_start Title: LBTO Forest Fire Contingency Plan: Date_of_Release: File Type: MS Word Local Name: LBTO Forest Fire Contingency Plan Category: Overview: 004s001 Revision: a Doc_info_end #12;LBTO Forest Fire Contingency Plan 4 TO SECURE THE LBTO ENCLOSURE

  8. Advanced Research Compu2ng Before We Start

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, T. Daniel

    Advanced Research Compu2ng Before We Start · Sign in · If you would like Research Compu2ng Outline · Introduc2on · Snow Basics · Examples · Conclusions #12;Advanced Research Compu2ng 4 INTRODUCTION #12;Advanced Research Compu2ng R

  9. Search Technology Internet Start-Ups Business Computing Companies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oyet, Alwell

    #12;Search Technology Internet Start-Ups Business Computing Companies Inside Technology Bits Blog Bits Blog Personal Tech Pogue's Posts More Articles in Technology » Today's Headlines Daily E-Mail Ads.com Technology WORLD U.S. N.Y. / REGION BUSINESS TECHNOLOGY SCIENCE HEALTH SPORTS OPINION ARTS STYLE TRAVEL JOBS

  10. Start Paint Branch Dr End 3501 University Blvd E

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland at College Park, University of

    Start Paint Branch Dr End 3501 University Blvd E Hyattsville, MD 20783 Travel 1.3 mi ­ about 5 mins ©2008 Google - Map data ©2008 NAVTEQTM - Terms of Use Page 1 of 2Paint Branch Dr to 3501 University Blvd E, Hyattsville, MD 20783 - Google Maps 6/1/2008http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&hl=en&geocode=&saddr=Paint

  11. Get started with the Internet of Things in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Surajit

    Get started with the Internet of Things in your organization Introducing Microsoft Azure Internet the Internet of Things (IoT). When you see definitions and hype about IoT, it's easy to feel overwhelmed. When on the flexible and scalable Microsoft Cloud Platform. With Microsoft Azure Internet of Things services, you can

  12. Quantum-jumps and photon-statistic in fluorescent systems coupled to classically fluctuating reservoirs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adrian A. Budini

    2010-05-20

    In this paper, we develop a quantum-jump approach for describing the photon-emission process of single fluorophore systems coupled to complex classically fluctuating reservoirs. The formalism relies on an open quantum system approach where the dynamic of the system and the reservoir fluctuations are described through a density matrix whose evolution is defined by a Lindblad rate equation. For each realization of the photon measurement processes it is possible to define a conditional system state (stochastic density matrix) whose evolution depends on both the photon detection events and the fluctuations between the configurational states of the reservoir. In contrast to standard fluorescent systems the photon-to-photon emission process is not a renewal one, being defined by a (stochastic) waiting time distribution that in each recording event parametrically depends on the conditional state. The formalism allows calculating experimental observables such as the full hierarchy of joint probabilities associated to the time intervals between consecutive photon recording events. These results provide a powerful basis for characterizing different situations arising in single-molecule spectroscopy, such as spectral fluctuations, lifetime fluctuations, and light assisted processes.

  13. Studying Young Stars with Large Spectroscopic Surveys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martell, Sarah L

    2015-01-01

    Galactic archaeology is the study of the history of star formation and chemical evolution in the Milky Way, based on present-day stellar populations. Studies of young stars are a key anchor point for Galactic archaeology, since quantities like the initial mass function and the star formation rate can be studied directly in young clusters and star forming regions. Conversely, massive spectroscopic Galactic archaeology surveys can be used as a data source for young star studies.

  14. Young Women's Conference in Science, Technology, Engineering...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Education Organization Contact Us Programs Young Women's Conference in Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics Due to an overwhelming response, registration for the 2015...

  15. Adam Young | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Young Guest Researcher Argonne National Laboratory 9700 S. Cass Avenue Building 240 Wkstn. 4D15 Argonne, IL 60439 younga@anl...

  16. Starting low compression ratio rotary Wankel diesel engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kamo, R.; Yamada, T.Y.; Hamada, Y.

    1987-01-01

    The single stage rotary Wankel engine is difficult to convert into a diesel version having an adequate compression ratio and a compatible combustion chamber configuration. Past efforts in designing a rotary-type Wankel diesel engine resorted to a two-stage design. Complexity, size, weight, cost and performance penalties were some of the drawbacks of the two-stage Wankel-type diesel designs. This paper presents an approach to a single stage low compression ratio Wankel-type rotary engine. Cold starting of a low compression ratio single stage diesel Wankel becomes the key problem. It was demonstrated that the low compression single stage diesel Wankel type rotary engine can satisfactorily be cold started with a properly designed combustion chamber in the rotor and a variable heat input combustion aid.

  17. Major_Projects_Quick_Starts_Jobs_Creation_Office_Clean_Coal.pdf...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    MajorProjectsQuickStartsJobsCreationOfficeCleanCoal.pdf MajorProjectsQuickStartsJobsCreationOfficeCleanCoal.pdf MajorProjectsQuickStartsJobsCreationOfficeCle...

  18. Long pulse EBW start-up experiments in MAST

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Shevchenko, V. F.; Baranov, Y. F.; Bigelow, T.; Caughman, J. B.; Diem, S.; Dukes, C.; Finburg, P.; Hawes, J.; Gurl, C.; Griffiths, J.; et al

    2015-03-12

    Start-up technique reported here relies on a double mode conversion (MC) for electron Bernstein wave (EBW) excitation. It consists of MC of the ordinary (O) mode, entering the plasma from the low field side of the tokamak, into the extraordinary (X) mode at a mirror-polarizer located at the high field side. The X mode propagates back to the plasma, passes through electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) and experiences a subsequent X to EBW MC near the upper hybrid resonance (UHR). Finally the excited EBW mode is totally absorbed at the Doppler shifted ECR. The absorption of EBW remains high even inmore »cold rarefied plasmas. Furthermore, EBW can generate significant plasma current giving the prospect of a fully solenoid-free plasma start-up. First experiments using this scheme were carried out on MAST [1]. Plasma currents up to 33 kA have been achieved using 28 GHz 100kW 90ms RF pulses. Recently experimental results were extended to longer RF pulses showing further increase of plasma currents generated by RF power alone. A record current of 73kA has been achieved with 450ms RF pulse of similar power. The current drive enhancement was mainly achieved due to RF pulse extension and further optimisation of the start-up scenario.« less

  19. The Properties of Young Clusters in M82

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. J. Smith; J. S. Gallagher

    2000-01-31

    We present a detailed study of two luminous super star clusters in the starburst galaxy M82. Spectra, covering 3250-8790 A at a resolution of 1.6 A, were obtained at the 4.2 m William Herschel Telescope (WHT) for cluster F and the highly reddened cluster L. We compare the strengths of the observed Balmer absorption lines and the Balmer jump in the blue spectrum of F with theoretical model cluster spectra using the PEGASE spectral synthesis code to derive an age of 60+/-20 Myr. For cluster L, we find that the similarities in the strength of the Ca II triplet and overall spectral appearance with cluster F suggest a similar age. The brightness and compactness of cluster F make it an ideal candidate for determining its dynamical mass by measuring the velocity dispersion. We present the results of such an investigation based on echelle spectra at a resolution of 8 km/s obtained at the WHT from 5760-9140 A. By cross-correlating various wavelength regions in the spectrum of cluster F with cool giant and supergiant template stars, we derive a velocity dispersion and, by application of the virial theorem, determine a dynamical mass of 2 million solar masses. We compare our derived mass with those determined for other young super star clusters and discuss whether our derived parameters are consistent with cluster F being able to survive to become a globular cluster.

  20. Magnetic flux jumps in textured Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 A. Nabialek,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niewczas, Marek

    and it was found to be well accounted for by the available theoretical models. The magnetic-field sweep rate and magnetic-field range where flux jumps occur suggesting a relationship between the two. The heat exchange with decreasing magnetic-field sweep rate. De- magnetizing effects are also shown to have a significant influence

  1. Abrupt changes in the rate of Andean Plateau uplift from reversible jump Markov Chain Monte Carlo inversion of river profiles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shuster, David L.

    Abrupt changes in the rate of Andean Plateau uplift from reversible jump Markov Chain Monte Carlo form 19 February 2015 Accepted 21 February 2015 Available online 1 March 2015 Keywords: Andean uplift of surface uplift of the central Andean Plateau provides important boundary conditions for regional

  2. Effect of shockwave-induced density jump on laser plasma interactions in low-pressure ambient air

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tillack, Mark

    and Aerospace Engineering and the Center for Energy Research, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman significantly reduce laser energy absorbed in the solid plasma. The ionization of the density jump was confirmed , extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUVL) source 3 , and inertial fusion energy (IFE) 4 . During

  3. A Numerical Method for Pricing Electricity Derivatives for Jump-Diffusion Processes Based on Continuous Time Lattices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albanese, Claudio

    A Numerical Method for Pricing Electricity Derivatives for Jump-Diffusion Processes Based.tompaidis@mccombs.utexas.edu Corresponding author. Tel. 512-4715252, Fax 512-4710587. #12;A Numerical Method for Pricing Electricity method for pricing derivatives on electricity prices. The method is based on approximating the generator

  4. Technical Assistance Program: Off to a Running Start (Newsletter)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-02-01

    This newsletter describes key activities of the DOE Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs for Winter 2012. Between December 2, 2011, and January 15, 2012, 46 American Indian and Alaska Native Tribes submitted applications to receive technical assistance through the program, which provides Tribes with on-the-ground technical support from DOE and National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) staff to help move tribal energy efficiency and renewable energy projects forward. The applications are being considered through the Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team (START) selection process, which incorporates expert reviews and outreach to Tribes who present a need for assistance with their community-based energy efficiency and renewable energy projects. The final successful applicants will be selected based on the clarity of their requests for technical assistance and the ability of START to successfully work with each unique project or community. At least three selected Tribes in Alaska will receive technical assistance between March and May 2012, and up to five selected Tribes in the contiguous United States will receive technical assistance between March and August 2012. During the months of START Program activity, DOE and NREL experts will work in the two locations. In Alaska, START experts will work directly with community-based project teams to analyze local energy issues and provide assistance with energy projects and cost savings initiatives. This effort will be bolstered by DOE-IE's partnership with the Denali Commission, which will provide further assistance and expertise. In the lower 48 states, NREL experts will work with the selected renewable energy START projects to evaluate financial and technical feasibility and provide early development technical assistance to better position the projects for financing and construction. This on-the-ground technical assistance is part of a broader DOE-IE effort to make reliable, accurate technical information and skills-based training available to tribal communities throughout the United States. The primary goal of the START initiative, according to DOE-IE Director Tracey A. LeBeau, is to bring about the next generation of energy development in Indian Country. Through energy project planning, quality training, and technical assistance, The START program will leverage the early-stage resource characterization and pre-feasibility investments that DOE has made in Indian Country over the years, and unlock the energy resources that exist on tribal lands to help build a 21st century tribal energy economy. Working collaboratively with a select group of Tribes and Alaska Native entities, the DOE Office of Indian Energy, NREL, and the Denali Commission will empower tribal leaders to make informed energy decisions and help build capacity to bring tribal energy visions to fruition and get renewable energy projects off the ground, said LeBeau. Ultimately, these efforts will serve to further the Obama Administration and DOE's shared commitment to provide Native American and Alaska Native communities with the tools and resources they need to foster tribal energy self-sufficiency and sustainability, advancing job creation and enhancing economic competitiveness.

  5. Feeding Young Horses For Sound Development 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibbs, Pete G.; Potter, Gary D.

    2005-05-25

    Feeding Young Horses for Sound Development B-5043 05-05 Feeding Young Horses for Sound Development Pete G. Gibbs Professor and Extension Horse Specialist Department Of Animal Science Equine Sciences Program The Texas A&M University System Gary D...

  6. Hydraulic jumps on an incline J E A N L U C T H I F F E A U L T1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Hydraulic jumps on an incline J E A N ­ L U C T H I F F E A U L T1,2 AND A N D R E W B E L M O N rim resembling a parabola and reminiscent of a hydraulic jump. There appears to be little theory, and present a simple theory based on horizontal hydraulic jumps which accounts for the rise height and its

  7. Getting Started on ALCF Resources | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunitiesNERSC Getting Started at NERSC June 7, 2011

  8. Getting Started | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunitiesNERSC Getting Started at NERSC June 7,

  9. Frequency-Sweeping Alfvén Instabilities Driven by Super-Alfvénic Beams in the Spherical Tokamak START

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frequency-Sweeping Alfvén Instabilities Driven by Super-Alfvénic Beams in the Spherical Tokamak START

  10. START Program for Renewable Energy Project Development Assistance – Round Three Application

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Download the application for the START Program for Renewable Energy Project Development Assistance–Round Three.

  11. Anglers needed - Save young salmon and reel in cash

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Power Administration funds the program. Pikeminnow represent about 80 percent of all fish that kill young salmon. So these young salmon need your help. Each angler counts. The...

  12. Long Pulse EBW Start-up Experiments in MAST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shevchenko, V F; Caughman, J B; Diem, S; Mailloux, J; Brien, M R O; Peng, M; Saveliev, A N; Takase, Y; Tanaka, H; Taylor, G

    2015-01-01

    The non-solenoid start-up technique reported here relies on a double mode conversion for electron Bernstein wave (EBW) excitation. It consists of the mode conversion of the ordinary mode, entering the plasma from the low field side of the tokamak, into the extraordinary (X) mode at a mirror-polarizer located at the high field side. The X mode propagates back to the plasma, passes through electron cyclotron resonance and experiences a subsequent X to EBW mode conversion near the upper hybrid resonance. Finally the excited EBW mode is totally absorbed at the Doppler shifted electron cyclotron resonance. The absorption of EBW remains high even in cold rarefied plasmas. Furthermore, EBW can generate significant plasma current giving the prospect of a fully solenoid-free plasma start-up. First experiments using this scheme were carried out on MAST [V. Shevchenko et al, Nuclear Fusion 50, 022004 (2010)]. Plasma currents up to 33 kA have been achieved using 28 GHz 100kW 90ms RF pulses. Recently experimental results ...

  13. The effect of frequency on Young`s modulus and seismic wave attenuation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Price, R.H. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). YMP Performance Assessment Applications Dept.; Martin, R.J. III; Haupt, R.W. [New England Research, Inc., White River Junction, VT (United States)

    1994-07-01

    Laboratory experiments were performed to measure the effect of frequency, water-saturation, and strain amplitude on Young`s modulus and seismic wave attenuation on rock cores recovered on or near the site of a potential nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. The purpose of this investigation is to perform the measurements using four techniques: cyclic loading, waveform inversion, resonant bar, and ultrasonic velocity. The measurements ranged in frequency between 10{sup {minus}2} and 10{sup 6} Hz. For the dry specimens Young`s modulus and attenuation were independent of frequency; that is, all four techniques yielded nearly the same values for modulus and attenuation. For saturated specimens, a frequency dependence for both Young`s modulus and attenuation was observed. In general, saturation reduced Young`s modulus and increased seismic wave attenuation. The effect of strain amplitude on Young`s modulus and attenuation was measured using the cyclic loading technique at a frequency of 10{sup {minus}1} Hz. The effect of strain amplitude in all cases was small. For some rocks, such as the potential repository horizon of the Topopah Spring Member tuff (TSw2), the effect of strain amplitude on both attenuation and modulus was minimal.

  14. Steel characteristics measurement system using Barkhausen jump sum rate and magnetic field intensity and method of using same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kohn, Gabriel (Omer, IL); Hicho, George (Derwood, MD); Swartzendruber, Lydon (New Carrollton, MD)

    1997-01-01

    A steel hardness measurement system and method of using same are provided for measuring at least one mechanical or magnetic characteristic of a ferromagnetic sample as a function of at least one magnetic characteristic of the sample. A magnetic field generator subjects the sample to a variable external magnetic field. The magnetic field intensity of the magnetic field generated by the magnetic field generating means is measured and a signal sensor is provided for measuring Barkhausen signals from the sample when the sample is subjected to the external magnetic field. A signal processing unit calculates a jump sum rate first moment as a function of the Barkhausen signals measured by the signal sensor and the magnetic field intensity, and for determining the at least one mechanical or magnetic characteristic as a function of the jump sum rate first moment.

  15. Steel characteristics measurement system using Barkhausen jump sum rate and magnetic field intensity and method of using same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kohn, G.; Hicho, G.; Swartzendruber, L.

    1997-04-08

    A steel hardness measurement system and method of using same are provided for measuring at least one mechanical or magnetic characteristic of a ferromagnetic sample as a function of at least one magnetic characteristic of the sample. A magnetic field generator subjects the sample to a variable external magnetic field. The magnetic field intensity of the magnetic field generated by the magnetic field generating means is measured and a signal sensor is provided for measuring Barkhausen signals from the sample when the sample is subjected to the external magnetic field. A signal processing unit calculates a jump sum rate first moment as a function of the Barkhausen signals measured by the signal sensor and the magnetic field intensity, and for determining the at least one mechanical or magnetic characteristic as a function of the jump sum rate first moment. 7 figs.

  16. Dual-Fuel Truck Fleet: Start-Up Experience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NREL

    1998-09-30

    Although dual-fuel engine technology has been in development and limited use for several years, it has only recently moved toward full-scale operational capability for heavy-duty truck applications. Unlike a bifuel engine, which has two separate fuel systems that are used one at a time, a dual-fuel engine uses two fuel systems simultaneously. One of California's South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) current programs is a demonstration of dual-fuel engine technology in heavy-duty trucks. These trucks are being studied as part of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL's) Alternative Fuel Truck Program. This report describes the start-up experience from the program.

  17. AVTA: 2010 Volkswagon Golf Diesel Start-Stop Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a 2010 Volkswagon Golf Diesel vehicle with stop-start technology. Baseline data, which provides a point of comparison for the other test results, was collected at two different research laboratories. Baseline and other data collected at Idaho National Laboratory is in the attached documents. Baseline and battery testing data collected at Argonne National Laboratory is available in summary and CSV form on the Argonne Downloadable Dynometer Database site (http://www.anl.gov/energy-systems/group/downloadable-dynamometer-databas...). Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing.

  18. Method of forming and starting a sodium sulfur battery

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Paquette, David G. (Costa Mesa, CA)

    1981-01-01

    A method of forming a sodium sulfur battery and of starting the reactive capability of that battery when heated to a temperature suitable for battery operation is disclosed. An anodic reaction zone is constructed in a manner that sodium is hermetically sealed therein, part of the hermetic seal including fusible material which closes up openings through the container of the anodic reaction zone. The hermetically sealed anodic reaction zone is assembled under normal atmospheric conditions with a suitable cathodic reaction zone and a cation-permeable barrier. When the entire battery is heated to an operational temperature, the fusible material of the hermetically sealed anodic reaction zone is fused, thereby allowing molten sodium to flow from the anodic reaction zone into reactive engagement with the cation-permeable barrier.

  19. Discovery and spectroscopy of the young Jovian planet 51 Eri b with the Gemini Planet Imager

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macintosh, B; Barman, T; De Rosa, R J; Konopacky, Q; Marley, M S; Marois, C; Nielsen, E L; Pueyo, L; Rajan, A; Rameau, J; Saumon, D; Wang, J J; Ammons, M; Arriaga, P; Artigau, E; Beckwith, S; Brewster, J; Bruzzone, S; Bulger, J; Burningham, B; Burrows, A S; Chen, C; Chiang, E; Chilcote, J K; Dawson, R I; Dong, R; Doyon, R; Draper, Z H; Duchêne, G; Esposito, T M; Fabrycky, D; Fitzgerald, M P; Follette, K B; Fortney, J J; Gerard, B; Goodsell, S; Greenbaum, A Z; Hibon, P; Hinkley, S; Hufford, T; Hung, L -W; Ingraham, P; Johnson-Groh, M; Kalas, P; Lafreniere, D; Larkin, J E; Lee, J; Line, M; Long, D; Maire, J; Marchis, F; Matthews, B C; Max, C E; Metchev, S; Millar-Blanchaer, M A; Mittal, T; Morley, C V; Morzinski, K M; Murray-Clay, R; Oppenheimer, R; Palmer, D W; Patel, R; Patience, J; Perrin, M D; Poyneer, L A; Rafikov, R R; Rantakyrö, F T; Rice, E; Rojo, P; Rudy, A R; Ruffio, J -B; Ruiz, M T; Sadakuni, N; Saddlemyer, L; Salama, M; Savransky, D; Schneider, A C; Sivaramakrishnan, A; Song, I; Soummer, R; Thomas, S; Vasisht, G; Wallace, J K; Ward-Duong, K; Wiktorowicz, S J; Wolff, S G; Zuckerman, B

    2015-01-01

    Directly detecting thermal emission from young extrasolar planets allows measurement of their atmospheric composition and luminosity, which is influenced by their formation mechanism. Using the Gemini Planet Imager, we discovered a planet orbiting the \\$sim$20 Myr-old star 51 Eridani at a projected separation of 13 astronomical units. Near-infrared observations show a spectrum with strong methane and water vapor absorption. Modeling of the spectra and photometry yields a luminosity of L/LS=1.6-4.0 x 10-6 and an effective temperature of 600-750 K. For this age and luminosity, "hot-start" formation models indicate a mass twice that of Jupiter. This planet also has a sufficiently low luminosity to be consistent with the "cold- start" core accretion process that may have formed Jupiter.

  20. Contact and Stress Anisotropies in Start-Up Flow of Colloidal...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Contact and Stress Anisotropies in Start-Up Flow of Colloidal Suspensions Authors: Martys, N.S., Lootens, D., George, W., and H Spatiotemporal correlations in start-up flows of...

  1. Fact #853 December 29, 2014 Stop/Start Technology is in nearly...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3 December 29, 2014 StopStart Technology is in nearly 5% of All New Light Vehicles Produced Fact 853 December 29, 2014 StopStart Technology is in nearly 5% of All New Light...

  2. Postdoc position in machine learning for robot movement control ERC Starting Grant Project CONT-ACT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    information drives the development of high-performance, adaptive and robust planning and control methods year (renewable up to 3 years) Starting Date: June 1st or later Evaluation of candidates starts

  3. Order Module--DOE O 425.1D, VERIFICATION OF READINESS TO START...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    5.1D, VERIFICATION OF READINESS TO START UP OR RESTART NUCLEAR FACILITIES Order Module--DOE O 425.1D, VERIFICATION OF READINESS TO START UP OR RESTART NUCLEAR FACILITIES "The...

  4. Relay Attacks on Passive Keyless Entry and Start Systems in Modern Cars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Relay Attacks on Passive Keyless Entry and Start Systems in Modern Cars Aur´elien Francillon, Boris and Start (PKES) systems used in modern cars. We build two efficient and inexpensive attack realizations, wired and wireless physical-layer relays, that allow the attacker to en- ter and start a car by relaying

  5. Quick start guide for IBM Cognos 8 Business Intelligence online trial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quick start guide for IBM Cognos 8 Business Intelligence online trial IBM Cognos 8 Business Intelligence comes with a "Quick Tour" and a "Getting Started Guide". It is recommended that you take Cognos 8 Business Intelligence" in the "Getting Started Guide". The "IBM Cognos Connection" is the portal

  6. Start-up Optimization of a Combined Cycle Power Plant A. Linda, E. Sllberga,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Start-up Optimization of a Combined Cycle Power Plant A. Linda, E. Sällberga, S. Velutb, S the dynamic start-up procedure of a com- bined cycle power plant can be optimized using di- rect collocation. Keywords: Combined Cycle Power Plants, Start-up, Dynamic optimization, Optimica, Control, Modelica

  7. (c) 2014 Robert W Heath Jr. WHAT STARTS HERE CHANGES THE WORLD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heath Jr., - Robert W.

    (c) 2014 Robert W Heath Jr. WHAT STARTS HERE CHANGES THE WORLD Robert W. Heath Jr., Ph.D., P STARTS HERE CHANGES THE WORLD (c) 2014 Robert W Heath Jr. 2 mmWave beamforming mmWave for tactical ad hoc @ UT Austin 11 PhD students #12;WHAT STARTS HERE CHANGES THE WORLD (c) 2014 Robert W Heath Jr. MIMO

  8. 1. What year did you first start fishing in saltwater? 2. What year did you first start fishing from the shore in saltwater?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1. What year did you first start fishing in saltwater? 19______ 2. What year did you first start fishing from the shore in saltwater? 19______ 3. In the past 12 months, how many days did you go saltwater fishing from: _______ DAYS THE SHORE IN MASSACHUSETTS _______ DAYS A PARTYBOAT IN MASSACHUSETTS

  9. 1. What year did you first start fishing in saltwater? 2. What year did you first start fishing from partyboats in saltwater?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1. What year did you first start fishing in saltwater? 19______ 2. What year did you first start fishing from partyboats in saltwater? 19______ 3. In the past 12 months, how many days did you go saltwater fishing from: _______ DAYS A PARTYBOAT IN MASSACHUSETTS _______ DAYS A PARTYBOAT IN ANOTHER STATE

  10. Airflow-terrain interactions through a mountain gap, with an example of eolian activity beneath an atmospheric hydraulic jump

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaylord, D.R.; Dawson, P.J.

    1987-09-01

    The integration of atmospheric soundings from a fully instrumented aircraft with detailed sedimentary and geomorphic analyses of eolian features in the Ferris dune field of south-central Wyoming lends insight into the manner in which topography interacts with airflow to modify eolian activity. Topographically modified airflow results in zones of airflow deceleration, acceleration, and enhanced atmospheric turbulence, all of which influence the surface morphology and sedimentology. Extreme lateral confluence of prevailing airflow produces accelerated, unidirectional winds. These winds correlate with unusually continuous and elongate parabolic dunes that extend into a mountain gap (Windy Gap). Persistently heightened winds produced at the entrance to Windy Gap have resulted in a concentration of active sand dunes that lack slipfaces. Common development of a strongly amplified atmospheric wave analogous to a hydraulic jump in the gap contributes to the formation of a variety of eolian features that mantle the surface of Windy Gap and the Ferris dune field tail. Heightened, unidirectional winds in this zone promote grain-size segregation, the formation of elongated and aligned sand drifts, climbing and falling dunes, elongate scour streaks, and parabolic dunes that have low-angle (< 20/sup 0/) cross-stratification. Deflation of bedrock and loose sediment has been enhanced in the zone of maximum turbulence beneath the hydraulic jump.

  11. Laser-induced temperature jump/time-resolved infrared study of the fast events in protein folding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woodruff, W.H.; Dyer, R.B.; Williams, S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, NM (United States); Callender, H.; Gilmanshin, R. [CUNY, NY (United States)

    1996-10-01

    Laser-induced temperature jump followed by time-resolved infrared probe of reaction dynamics are used to study the temporal evolution of polypeptide structure during protein folding and unfolding. Reactions are initiated in times of 50 ps or longer by T-jumps of 10`s of degrees, obtained by laser excitation of water overtone absorbances. Observation of the Amide I transient absorbances reveal melting lifetimes of helices unconstrained by tertiary structure to be ca. 160 ns in a model 21-peptide and ca. 30 ns in {open_quotes}molten globule{close_quotes} apomyoglobin. No other processes are observed in these systems over the timescale 50 ps to 2 ms. Equilibrium data suggest the corresponding helix formation lifetimes to be ca. 16 and 1 ns, respectively. In {open_quotes}native{close_quotes} apomyoglobin two helix melting lifetimes are observed and we infer that a third occurs on a timescale inaccessible to our experiment (> 1 ms). The shorter observed lifetime, as in the molten globule, is ca. 30 ns. The longer lifetime is ca. 70 {mu}s. We suggest that the slower process is helix melting that is rate-limited by the unfolding of tertiary structure. Equilibrium data suggest a lifetime of ca. 1 {mu}s for the development of these tertiary folds.

  12. Probing the mechanism of rubredoxin thermal unfolding in the absence of salt bridges by temperature jump experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henriques, Barbara J. [Instituto Tecnologia Quimica e Biologica, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Oeiras (Portugal); Saraiva, Ligia M. [Instituto Tecnologia Quimica e Biologica, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Oeiras (Portugal); Gomes, Claudio M. [Instituto Tecnologia Quimica e Biologica, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Oeiras (Portugal)]. E-mail: gomes@itqb.unl.pt

    2005-08-05

    Rubredoxins are the simplest type of iron-sulphur proteins and in recent years they have been used as model systems in protein folding and stability studies, especially the proteins from thermophilic sources. Here, we report our studies on the rubredoxin from the hyperthermophile Methanococcus jannaschii (T {sub opt} = 85 deg C), which was investigated in respect to its thermal unfolding kinetics by temperature jump experiments. Different spectroscopic probes were used to monitor distinct structural protein features during the thermal transition: the integrity of the iron-sulphur centre was monitored by visible absorption spectroscopy, whereas tertiary structure was followed by intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence and exposure of protein hydrophobic patches was sensed by 1-anilinonaphthalene-8-sulphonate fluorescence. The studies were performed at acidic pH conditions in which any stabilising contributions from salt bridges are annulled due to protonation of protein side chain groups. In these conditions, M. jannaschii rubredoxin assumes a native-like, albeit more flexible and open conformation, as indicated by a red shift in the tryptophan emission maximum and 1-anilinonaphthalene-8-sulphonate binding. Temperature jumps were monitored by the three distinct techniques and showed that the protein undergoes thermal denaturation via a simple two step mechanism, as loss of tertiary structure, hydrophobic collapse, and disintegration of the iron-sulphur centre are concomitant processes. The proposed mechanism is framed with the multiphasic one proposed for Pyrococcus furiosus rubredoxin, showing that a common thermal unfolding mechanism is not observed between these two closely related thermophilic rubredoxins.

  13. Palatability of beef from young bulls 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riley, Ray Renfrow

    1981-01-01

    Palatability of Beef from Young Bulls. (December 1981) Ray Renfrow Riley, B. S. , Texas ASM University Co-Chairmen of Advisory Committee: Dr. J. W, Savell Dr. G. C. Smrth Electrical stimulation (ES), subcutaneous fat thickness and carcass masculinity... such matched steers were not different (P&. 05) - n overall palatability than steaks from ES young bulls. Steaks from U. S. Choice steers and from U. S. Good steers or bulls that had at least. 7. 62 mm fat thickness did not differ (P&. 05) in 39 of 42...

  14. Please cite this article in press as: Ashley-Ross, M.A., et al., Jumping sans legs: does elastic energy storage by the vertebral column power terrestrial jumps in bony fishes? Zoology (2013), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.zool.2013.10.005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibb, Alice C.

    2013-01-01

    energy storage by the vertebral column power terrestrial jumps in bony fishes? Zoology (2013), http sans legs: does elastic energy storage by the vertebral column power terrestrial jumps in bony fishes Flexion of the vertebral column is a fundamental aspect of locomotor movements in the vast majority

  15. Young Persons Guide to BCPL Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mullins, Robert

    Young Persons Guide to BCPL Programming on the Raspberry Pi Part 1 by Martin Richards mr:07:33 BST 2015 Abstract The Raspberry Pi is a credit card sized computer with versions costing between £20 to learn to write, compile and run BCPL programs on the Raspberry Pi in as little as one or two days, even

  16. SPRING/SUMMER 2012 ANDREW YOUNG SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frantz, Kyle J.

    for supporting our students. Another is the new university-wide Honors College. Assistant Dean Cynthia Searcy has three times a year for alumni, friends, faculty and staff of the AndrewYoung School of Policy Studies Cynthia Searcy Assistant Dean for Academic Programs Avani Raval Promotion, Events, Facilities & Safety

  17. Growing Young Trees in the Greening Era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    winter · If possible, consider electric pumps and computer controls to be able to irrigate in small doses · Irrigation · Fertilization · Weed Control · Pest Management · Disease Management #12;The Young Tree Paradox and economic return = FLUSH!!! #12;Irrigation · Critical ­ restriction of canopy development is the first

  18. , UNIVERSITY Brigham Young University Geology Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    , UNIVERSITY #12;Brigham Young University Geology Studies Volume 1 5 - 1968 Part 2 Studies for Students No. 1 Guide to the Geology of the Wasatch Mountain Front, Between Provo Canyon and Y Mountain, Northeast of Provo, Utah by J. Keith Rigby and Lehi F. Hintze #12;A publication of the Department of Geology

  19. DENNIS J. MOORE 2015 Young Guns Award Recipient

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    DENNIS J. MOORE 2015 Young Guns Award Recipient Dennis J. Moore, CFP® , MBA has established himself. In addition, he was named the 2011 FPA DFW Young Gun. Dennis lives in Dallas with his wife, Aubrey, who

  20. An equivalent form of Young's inequality with upper bound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Minguzzi

    2008-08-05

    Young's integral inequality is complemented with an upper bound to the remainder. The new inequality turns out to be equivalent to Young's inequality, and the cases in which the equality holds become particularly transparent in the new formulation.

  1. Registration for the 2015 Conference for Young Women in STEM...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Registration for the 2015 Conference for Young Women in STEM is OPEN October 15, 2014 The 2015 Young Women's Conference in STEM will be held on Thursday, March 19, 2015 at...

  2. Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/StartDate | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS Report Url Jump to: navigation,News/Link

  3. Decoherent time-dependent transport beyond the Landauer-Büttiker formulation: a quantum-drift alternative to quantum jumps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucas J. Fernández-Alcázar; Horacio M. Pastawski

    2015-02-27

    We present a model for decoherence in time-dependent transport. It boils down into a form of wave function that undergoes a smooth stochastic drift of the phase in a local basis, the Quantum Drift (QD) model. This drift is nothing else but a local energy fluctuation. Unlike Quantum Jumps (QJ) models, no jumps are present in the density as the evolution is unitary. As a first application, we address the transport through a resonant state $\\left\\vert 0\\right\\rangle $ that undergoes decoherence. We show the equivalence with the decoherent steady state transport in presence of a B\\"{u}ttiker's voltage probe. In order to test the dynamics, we consider two many-spin systems whith a local energy fluctuation. A two-spin system is reduced to a two level system (TLS) that oscillates among $\\left\\vert 0\\right\\rangle $ $\\equiv $ $ \\left\\vert \\uparrow \\downarrow \\right\\rangle $ and $\\left\\vert 1\\right\\rangle \\equiv $ $\\left\\vert \\downarrow \\uparrow \\right\\rangle $. We show that QD model recovers not only the exponential damping of the oscillations in the low perturbation regime, but also the non-trivial bifurcation of the damping rates at a critical point, i.e. the quantum dynamical phase transition. We also address the spin-wave like dynamics of local polarization in a spin chain. The QD average solution has about half the dispersion respect to the mean dynamics than QJ. By evaluating the Loschmidt Echo (LE), we find that the pure states $\\left\\vert 0\\right\\rangle $ and $\\left\\vert 1\\right \\rangle $ are quite robust against the local decoherence. In contrast, the LE, and hence coherence, decays faster when the system is in a superposition state. Because its simple implementation, the method is well suited to assess decoherent transport problems as well as to include decoherence in both one-body and many-body dynamics.

  4. Jefferson Lab Activities Group Invites Young and Not-So-Young...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Holiday Events Holiday Party on Dec. 12 for Jefferson Lab Children and the Young at Heart The JAG Holiday Party is scheduled for Saturday, Dec. 12, 10 a.m.-1 p.m. in the CEBAF...

  5. Xuping Xu and Panos J. Antsaklis, "An Approach to General Switched Linear Quadratic Optimal Control Problems with State Jumps," Proceedings of the 15th International Symposium on Mathematical Theory of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antsaklis, Panos

    Control Problems with State Jumps," Proceedings of the 15th International Symposium on Mathematical Theory Control Problems with State Jumps," Proceedings of the 15th International Symposium on Mathematical Theory Control Problems with State Jumps," Proceedings of the 15th International Symposium on Mathematical Theory

  6. BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY GEOLOGY STUDIES Volume 26, Part 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    #12;BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY GEOLOGY STUDIES Volume 26, Part 4 The Fossil Vertebrates of Utah Salt Lake Gty, Utah 84102 W .E. Miller Deparlment~of Geology and Zoology Bngham Young Unrwerrrly Provo of Geology Brigham Young University Provo, Utah 84602 Editors W. Kenneth Hamblln Cynthia M. Gardner Issue

  7. Integrated starting and running amalgam assembly for an electrodeless fluorescent lamp

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Borowiec, Joseph Christopher (Schenectady, NY); Cocoma, John Paul (Clifton Park, NY); Roberts, Victor David (Burnt Hills, NY)

    1998-01-01

    An integrated starting and running amalgam assembly for an electrodeless SEF fluorescent lamp includes a wire mesh amalgam support constructed to jointly optimize positions of a starting amalgam and a running amalgam in the lamp, thereby optimizing mercury vapor pressure in the lamp during both starting and steady-state operation in order to rapidly achieve and maintain high light output. The wire mesh amalgam support is constructed to support the starting amalgam toward one end thereof and the running amalgam toward the other end thereof, and the wire mesh is rolled for friction-fitting within the exhaust tube of the lamp. The positions of the starting and running amalgams on the wire mesh are jointly optimized such that high light output is achieved quickly and maintained, while avoiding any significant reduction in light output between starting and running operation.

  8. BAYESIAN ANALYSIS TO IDENTIFY NEW STAR CANDIDATES IN NEARBY YOUNG STELLAR KINEMATIC GROUPS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malo, Lison; Doyon, Rene; Lafreniere, David; Artigau, Etienne; Gagne, Jonathan; Baron, Frederique; Riedel, Adric E-mail: doyon@astro.umontreal.ca E-mail: artigau@astro.umontreal.ca E-mail: baron@astro.umontreal.ca

    2013-01-10

    We present a new method based on a Bayesian analysis to identify new members of nearby young kinematic groups. The analysis minimally takes into account the position, proper motion, magnitude, and color of a star, but other observables can be readily added (e.g., radial velocity, distance). We use this method to find new young low-mass stars in the {beta} Pictoris and AB Doradus moving groups and in the TW Hydrae, Tucana-Horologium, Columba, Carina, and Argus associations. Starting from a sample of 758 mid-K to mid-M (K5V-M5V) stars showing youth indicators such as H{alpha} and X-ray emission, our analysis yields 214 new highly probable low-mass members of the kinematic groups analyzed. One is in TW Hydrae, 37 in {beta} Pictoris, 17 in Tucana-Horologium, 20 in Columba, 6 in Carina, 50 in Argus, 32 in AB Doradus, and the remaining 51 candidates are likely young but have an ambiguous membership to more than one association. The false alarm rate for new candidates is estimated to be 5% for {beta} Pictoris and TW Hydrae, 10% for Tucana-Horologium, Columba, Carina, and Argus, and 14% for AB Doradus. Our analysis confirms the membership of 58 stars proposed in the literature. Firm membership confirmation of our new candidates will require measurement of their radial velocity (predicted by our analysis), parallax, and lithium 6708 A equivalent width. We have initiated these follow-up observations for a number of candidates, and we have identified two stars (2MASSJ01112542+1526214, 2MASSJ05241914-1601153) as very strong candidate members of the {beta} Pictoris moving group and one strong candidate member (2MASSJ05332558-5117131) of the Tucana-Horologium association; these three stars have radial velocity measurements confirming their membership and lithium detections consistent with young age.

  9. A Fast Start-up On-Board Fuel Reformer for NOx Adsorber Regeneration...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    for NOx Adsorber Regeneration and Desulfation A Fast Start-up On-Board Fuel Reformer for NOx Adsorber Regeneration and Desulfation 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER)...

  10. The Art of the Start: Moving Science from the Lab to the Marketplace

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Larry Bock

    2010-01-08

    April 25, 2009 Berkeley Lab Nano*High lecture: The Art of the Start: Moving Science from the Lab to the Marketplace

  11. Text-Alternative Version: L Prize-PAR 38 Competition: A New Start

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Below is the text-alternative version of the "L Prize-PAR 38 Competition: A New Start" webcast, held March 27, 2012.

  12. Young Energy, LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) Jump to:Sanming Lianfa

  13. Physical properties of naked DNA influence nucleosome positioning and correlate with transcription start and termination sites in yeast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deniz, Özgen; Flores, Oscar; Battistini, Federica; Pérez, Alberto; Soler-López, Montserrat; Orozco, Modesto

    2011-01-01

    with transcription start and termination sites in yeast. BMCtranscription start and termination sites in yeast Özgenand TTS (Transcription Termination Site) (at least in yeast)

  14. Quantum jump mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Yu. Samarin

    2015-05-10

    The change with time of the system consisting of the quantum object and the macroscopic measuring instrument is described on the base of the uniform dynamic law, which is suitable both evolution and reduction processes description. It is the integral wave equation with kernel in the form of a path integral. It is shown, that wave function collapse is the specific transformation which is fundamentally differ from Shr\\"odinger's evolution. Specifically, a formal cause of the collapse is a local time derivative (infinite large) of the potential energy. Such transformation can not be described using mathematical apparatus of conventional quantum mechanics.

  15. Multi-jump magnetic switching in ion-beam sputtered amorphous Co{sub 20}Fe{sub 60}B{sub 20} thin films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raju, M.; Chaudhary, Sujeet; Pandya, D. K.

    2013-08-07

    Unconventional multi-jump magnetization reversal and significant in-plane uniaxial magnetic anisotropy (UMA) in the ion-beam sputtered amorphous Co{sub 20}Fe{sub 60}B{sub 20}(5–75 nm) thin films grown on Si/amorphous SiO{sub 2} are reported. While such multi-jump behavior is observed in CoFeB(10 nm) film when the magnetic field is applied at 10°–20° away from the easy-axis, the same is observed in CoFeB(12.5 nm) film when the magnetic field is 45°–55° away from easy-axis. Unlike the previous reports of multi-jump switching in epitaxial films, their observance in the present case of amorphous CoFeB is remarkable. This multi-jump switching is found to disappear when the films are crystallized by annealing at 420 °C. The deposition geometry and the energy of the sputtered species appear to intrinsically induce a kind of bond orientation anisotropy in the films, which leads to the UMA in the as-grown amorphous CoFeB films. Exploitation of such multi-jump switching in amorphous CoFeB thin films could be of technological significance because of their applications in spintronic devices.

  16. Quality characteristics of young bovine carcasses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bellinger, John Wayne

    1978-01-01

    ) May 1978 442834 1 1. 1 ABSTRACT Quality Characteristics of Young Bovine Carcasses. (May 1978) John Wayne Bellinger B. S. , Texas A&M University Co-Chairmen of Advisory Committee: Dr. G C. Smith Dr Z. L. Carpenter A total of 305 carcasses... longissimus muscle steaks. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The author greatly appreciates the encouragement and inspiration given by Drs. G. C. Smith and Z. L. Carpenter throughout his coursework and research. Their guidance and suggestions will always be remembered...

  17. Electrochimica Acta 53 (2007) 610621 Non-isothermal cold start of polymer electrolyte fuel cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) engine in a sub-freezing environment, referred to as "cold start", remainsElectrochimica Acta 53 (2007) 610­621 Non-isothermal cold start of polymer electrolyte fuel cells of a polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) and to delineate intricate interactions between ice formation

  18. Thermodynamic extrapolation and martensite-start temperature of substitutionally alloyed steels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    Thermodynamic extrapolation and martensite-start temperature of substitutionally alloyed steels H appraisethe superelementtechniqueby considering martensitic transformations in low-alloy steels. K. D. H. Bhadeshia +AFt;'{T-l00~ }jATmag,}I +Af* (1) The martensite-start temperature M, of any

  19. IBM XL Fortran Enterprise Edition V10.1 for AIX Getting Started with XL Fortran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    IBM XL Fortran Enterprise Edition V10.1 for AIX Getting Started with XL Fortran SC09-8009-00 #12;#12;IBM XL Fortran Enterprise Edition V10.1 for AIX Getting Started with XL Fortran SC09-8009-00 #12;Note "Notices" on page 37. First Edition (September 2005) This edition applies to IBM® XL Fortran Enterprise

  20. Getting Started 1) Visit the Java VChill website at http://chill.colostate.edu/java/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutledge, Steven

    VCHILL Getting Started 1) Visit the Java VChill website at http://chill.colostate.edu/java/ 2) Click on "Launch VChill" (you will see Java start up * ) 3) Enter signon name (password dialog pops up bookmark case * If it does not, you may need to install Java first. Click on the Download Center link (in

  1. (c) 2014 Robert W Heath Jr. WHAT STARTS HERE CHANGES THE WORLD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heath Jr., - Robert W.

    (c) 2014 Robert W Heath Jr. WHAT STARTS HERE CHANGES THE WORLD Robert W. Heath Jr., Ph.D., P THE WORLD (c) 2014 Robert W Heath Jr. 2 mmWave beamforming mmWave for tactical ad hoc networks mmD students #12;WHAT STARTS HERE CHANGES THE WORLD (c) 2014 Robert W Heath Jr. MIMO precoding Precoding

  2. Quick-Start Operating Guide Document No. 1800-13 Stainless Steel Glove Boxes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, S. J. Ben

    Quick-Start Operating Guide Document No. 1800-13 Stainless Steel Glove Boxes (Series 300 ­ 600-Start Operating Guide Stainless Steel Glove Boxes (Series 300 ­ 600) © Copyright 2010 Terra Universal Inc. All.0Introduction This manual provides information on installing and operating your Terra Stainless Steel Glove Box

  3. The No-Boundary Probability for the Universe starting at the top of the hill

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tim Clunan

    2007-04-16

    We use the Hartle-Hawking No-Boundary Proposal to make a comparison between the probabilities of the universe starting near, and at, the top of a hill in the effective potential. In the context of top-down cosmology, our calculation finds that the universe doesn't start at the top.

  4. Strong pressure-energy correlations in liquids as a configuration space property: Simulations of temperature down jumps and crystallization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas B. Schroder; Ulf R. Pedersen; Nicoletta Gnan; Jeppe C. Dyre

    2009-03-03

    Computer simulations recently revealed that several liquids exhibit strong correlations between virial and potential energy equilibrium fluctuations in the NVT ensemble [U. R. Pedersen {\\it et al.}, Phys. Rev. Lett. {\\bf 100}, 015701 (2008)]. In order to investigate whether these correlations are present also far from equilibrium constant-volume aging following a temperature down jump from equilibrium was simulated for two strongly correlating liquids, an asymmetric dumbbell model and Lewis-Wahnstr{\\"o}m OTP, as well as for SPC water that is not strongly correlating. For the two strongly correlating liquids virial and potential energy follow each other closely during the aging towards equilibrium. For SPC water, on the other hand, virial and potential energy vary with little correlation as the system ages towards equilibrium. Further proof that strong pressure-energy correlations express a configuration space property comes from monitoring pressure and energy during the crystallization (reported here for the first time) of supercooled Lewis-Wahnstr{\\"o}m OTP at constant temperature.

  5. NEW YOUNG STAR CANDIDATES IN CG4 AND Sa101

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rebull, L. M.; Laine, S.; Laher, R.; Legassie, M.; Hoette, V.; Kim, J. S.; Foster, M.; Mallory, C. R.; McCarron, K.; Sherry, W. H.

    2011-07-15

    The CG4 and Sa101 regions together cover a region of {approx}0.5 deg{sup 2} in the vicinity of a 'cometary globule' that is part of the Gum Nebula. There are seven previously identified young stars in this region; we have searched for new young stars using mid- and far-infrared data (3.6-70 {mu}m) from the Spitzer Space Telescope, combined with ground-based optical data and near-infrared data from the Two Micron All Sky Survey. We find infrared excesses in all six of the previously identified young stars in our maps and identify 16 more candidate young stars based on apparent infrared excesses. Most (73%) of the new young stars are Class II objects. There is a tighter grouping of young stars and young star candidates in the Sa101 region, in contrast to the CG4 region, where there are fewer young stars and young star candidates, and they are more dispersed. Few likely young objects are found in the 'fingers' of the dust being disturbed by the ionization front from the heart of the Gum Nebula.

  6. May 14-16, 2009 Young Harris College, Young Harris, Georgia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delaplane, Keith S.

    . · Let's you add "award winning" to your honey label. · It helps you improve product quality. · It's fun and Pests, 113, Maryann Frazier Getting Started: Package Bees and Nucs, back parking lot, Cindy Bee 2

  7. Modeling Proton Jumps in HY Zeolite: Effects of Acid Site Heterogeneity Usha Viswanathan, Justin T. Fermann, Leanna K. Toy, Scott M. Auerbach,*,,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auerbach, Scott M.

    Modeling Proton Jumps in HY Zeolite: Effects of Acid Site Heterogeneity Usha Viswanathan, Justin T; In Final Form: September 21, 2007 We have computed the total mean rate coefficient for proton transfer in bare H-Y zeolite, for comparison with NMR experiments and previous calculations. We computed proton

  8. Pseudo one-dimensional analysis of polymer electrolyte fuel cell cold-start

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mukherjee, Partha P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mukundan, Rangachary [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Borup, Rodney L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wang, Yun [NON LANL; Mishlera, Jeff [NON LANL

    2009-01-01

    This paper investigates the electrochemical kinetics, oxygen transport, and solid water formation in polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) during cold start. Following [Yo Wang, J. Electrochem. Soc., 154 (2007) B1041-B1048], we develop a pseudo one-dimensional analysis, which enables the evaluation of the impact of ice volume fraction and temperature variations on cell performance during cold-start. The oxygen profile, starvation ice volume fraction, and relevant overpotentials are obtained. This study is valuable for studying the characteristics of PEFC cold-start.

  9. Start End

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fabricated coupler subjected to 190 KW for 0.5 sec without breakdown with taper or transformer at input. Four-Way Splitter with Correction Phasors Transformer launch...

  10. Getting Started

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid you not findGeoscience/Environment Geoscience/Environment GeothermalGet

  11. Getting Started

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunities NuclearlongGeneralGeorgePage UnknownChadGetBusiness

  12. Getting Started

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunities NuclearlongGeneralGeorgePage

  13. Hybrid: Starting

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageBlenderBusiness Case forbutton highlighted Braking

  14. SEARCHING FOR YOUNG M DWARFS WITH GALEX

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shkolnik, Evgenya L.; Weinberger, Alycia J.; Liu, Michael C.; Dupuy, Trent; Reid, I. Neill E-mail: alycia@dtm.ciw.edu E-mail: tdupuy@ifa.hawaii.edu

    2011-01-20

    The census of young moving groups in the solar neighborhood is significantly incomplete in the low-mass regime. We have developed a new selection process to find these missing members based on the Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX) All-Sky Imaging Survey (AIS). For stars with spectral types {approx}>K5 (R - J {approx}> 1.5) and younger than {approx}300 Myr, we show that near-UV (NUV) and far-UV (FUV) emission is greatly enhanced above the quiescent photosphere, analogous to the enhanced X-ray emission of young low-mass stars seen by ROSAT but detectable to much larger distances with GALEX. By combining GALEX data with optical (HST Guide Star Catalog) and near-IR (2MASS) photometry, we identified an initial sample of 34 young M dwarf candidates in a 1000 deg{sup 2} region around the {approx}10 Myr TW Hydra Association (TWA). Low-resolution spectroscopy of 30 of these found 16 which had H{alpha} in emission, which were then followed up at high resolution to search for spectroscopic evidence of youth and to measure their radial velocities. Four objects have low surface gravities, photometric distances and space motions consistent with TWA, but the non-detection of Li indicates that they may be too old to belong to this moving group. One object (M3.5, 93 {+-} 19 pc) appears to be the first known accreting low-mass member of the {approx}15 Myr Lower Centaurus Crux OB association. Two objects exhibit all the characteristics of the known TWA members, and thus we designate them as TWA 31 (M4.2, 110 {+-} 11 pc) and TWA 32 (M6.3, 53 {+-} 5 pc). TWA 31 shows extremely broad (447 km s{sup -1}) H{alpha} emission, making it the sixth member of TWA found to have ongoing accretion. TWA 32 is resolved into a 0.''6 binary in Keck laser guide star adaptive optics imaging. Our search should be sensitive down to spectral types of at least M4-M5 in TWA and thus the small numbers of new member is puzzling. This might indicate TWA has an atypical mass function or that the presence of lithium absorption may be too restrictive a criteria for selecting young low-mass stars.

  15. YoungHo Shin | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLos Alamos verifies largest single|Yejun FengResultscurrent |YoungHo

  16. Young Physicist from Syracuse University Receives Jefferson Lab...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Physicist from Syracuse University Receives Jefferson Lab's 2014 Thesis Prize Beminiwattha Rakitha Beminiwattha NEWPORT NEWS, VA, June 6, 2014 - A young researcher, who worked on...

  17. Three Young Scientists Earn DOE Graduate Research Grants at Jefferson...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    accomplishments have earned three young scientists funds to conduct part of their thesis research at the U.S. Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator...

  18. Young Womens Conference attracts more attendees in 2014! | Princeton...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Gallery: The 2014 Young Women's Conference is Science, Engineering, Technology, and Mathematics attracted students from all over New Jersey With almost 400 students, 50,...

  19. Pluto's Seasons: New Predictions for New Horizons L. A. Young

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, Leslie A.

    (2012) and Young (in prep). Energy balance for the world that New Horizons will encounter in 2015, and our ability to relate this snapshot to preceding

  20. Angular momentum in turns and abrupt starts : strategies for bipedal balance control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Matthew Todd

    2009-01-01

    Transients occur in human walking during a transition to, from, and between steady state walking and act as an impulse destabilizing an otherwise normal gait cycle. Turns and accelerated starts are all common transients ...

  1. 1. The derivative of y = mm“ at x = 2. A bacteria culture starts with ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The derivative of y = mm“ at x = 2. A bacteria culture starts with 200 bacteria and grows at a rate proportional to its size. After 2 hours there were 400 bacteria.

  2. Application of the cumulative risk model in predicting school readiness in Head Start children 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodriguez-Escobar, Olga Lydia

    2009-05-15

    This study investigates the degree to which the cumulative risk index predicted school readiness in a Head Start population. In general, the reviewed studies indicated the cumulative risk model was efficacious in predicting adverse developmental...

  3. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: A 12V Start-Stop Li Polymer Battery Pack

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by LG Chem Power at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about A 12V start-stop Li polymer...

  4. Supporting Information All analytical expressions were obtained starting from Equation 3, the tQSSA approximation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mirny, Leonid

    information. All numerical analysis was done in Matlab, starting from the full MAK description of the cycle equations for the given inputs using the ODE23s Matlab function. Finally, the data in Figure 6 was obtained

  5. Influence of RNA Polymerase II Catalytic Activity on Transcription Start Site Selection 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jin, Huiyan

    2015-08-01

    catalytic activity influences the first step of gene expression, transcription initiation, in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. My dissertation focuses on the mechanisms by which Pol II activity defects contribute to transcription start site (TSS) selection...

  6. The Health Component of Head Start: Potential Impacts on Childhood Obesity, Immunizations, and Dental Health 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banda, Tanya Y.

    2010-01-14

    Head Start, an early intervention program administered by the Administration for Children and Families of the Department of Health and Human Services, offers children of low-income families comprehensive services in an ...

  7. Growth strategies : how software start-ups can leverage alliances, acquisitions, IPOs and venture capital

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ybanez, Sergio D

    2007-01-01

    The identification of the different factors impacting a software start-up company's decision to pursue an alliance, acquisition, IPO or venture capital to sustain growth is the main objective of this research study. First ...

  8. Effects of secondary air injection during cold start of SI engines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dongkun

    2010-01-01

    The paucity of exhaust oxygen during cold start of automobile SI engines limits the extent of exothermic chemical reactions in the exhaust port, manifold, and catalyst. The injection of air into the exhaust system therefore ...

  9. START Program for Renewable Energy Project Development Assistance Non-Disclosure Agreement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Download the Non-Disclosure Agreement to submit along with your application for the DOE Office of Indian Energy Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team (START) Program for Renewable Energy...

  10. Optimizing a start-stop system to minimize fuel consumption using machine learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hollingsworth, Noel

    2014-01-01

    Many people are working on improving the efficiency of car's engines. One approach to maximizing efficiency has been to create start-stop systems. These systems shut the car's engine off when the car comes to a stop, saving ...

  11. Commissioning and Start Up of a 110 MegaWatt Cogeneration Facility 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Good, R.

    1988-01-01

    "In December of 1987, Union Carbide successfully brought on line a 110,000 KVA combined cycle cogeneration facility. The construction, commissioning and start up of this complex facility was accomplished in a remarkably short twelve months...

  12. STC.UNM: THE IMPACT OF START-UP COMPANIES ON THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Mexico, University of

    and facilitating the creation of start-up companies, and is a vital tool in the economic development of a high-tech and an effective conduit not only for UNM research but also UNM graduates who want to enter high-tech fields://stc.unm.edu/about/metrics.php). This analysis updates the previous studies and emphasizes the impact of high-tech start-up companies that have

  13. Method and apparatus for rapid stopping and starting of a thermoacoustic engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swift, Gregory W.; Backhaus, Scott N.; Gardner, David L.

    2003-11-11

    A thermoacoustic engine-driven system with a hot heat exchanger, a regenerator or stack, and an ambient heat exchanger includes a side branch load for rapid stopping and starting, the side branch load being attached to a location in the thermoacoustic system having a nonzero oscillating pressure and comprising a valve, a flow resistor, and a tank connected in series. The system is rapidly stopped simply by opening the valve and rapidly started by closing the valve.

  14. Brigham Young University Geology Studies Volume 28, Part 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    #12;Brigham Young University Geology Studies Volume 28, Part 2 Lower and Middle Ordovician at Section G, Ibex, Utah. #12;A publication of the Department of Geology Brigham Young University Provo, Utah o ~ l z gUfziversity Geology Studies is published by the Department of Geology. This publication

  15. Lifestyle, identity and young people's experiences of mountain biking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lifestyle, identity and young people's experiences of mountain biking It has been widely recognised emphasis on young people as a key target group. Mountain biking, as a popular youth sport that often occurs. The research employed ethnographic techniques to capture youth experiences and understandings of mountain

  16. The New York State Summer Young Writers Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexandrova, Ivana

    #12;The New York State Summer Young Writers Institute W hat you hold in your hands are the poems and stories ­ true and imagined ­ that the stu- dents of the New York State Summer Young Writers Institute take advantage of the New York State Summer Writers Institute, directed by Robert Boyers, which

  17. The New York State Summer Young Writers Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexandrova, Ivana

    #12;The New York State Summer Young Writers Institute The New York State Summer Young Writers Institute (NYSSYWI), sponsored jointly by the New York State Writers Institute at the University at Albany attend high schools in New York State. Now in its 9th year, NYSSYWI is held the first week in July

  18. GRADUATE STUDIES IN CHEMICAL ENGINEERING Brigham Young University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinez, Tony R.

    GRADUATE STUDIES IN CHEMICAL ENGINEERING Brigham Young University Graduate Student Handbook The Department of Chemical Engineering 350 Clyde Building Brigham Young University Provo, Utah 84602 Phone: (801;2 To the New Graduate Student, On behalf of the faculty and staff of the Department of Chemical Engineering

  19. Spoken word recognition and lexical representation in very young children

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Makous, Walter

    Spoken word recognition and lexical representation in very young children Daniel Swingley*, Richard March 2000 Abstract Although children's knowledge of the sound patterns of words has been a focus of debate for many years, little is known about the lexical representations very young children use in word

  20. The New York State Summer Young Writers Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexandrova, Ivana

    #12;The New York State Summer Young Writers Institute What you hold in your hands are the poems and stories ­ true and imagined ­ that the students of the New York State Summer Young Writers Institute that our students could take advantage of the New York State Summer Writers Institute, directed by Robert

  1. Brigham Young University Geology Studies Volume 26, Part 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    #12;P I - #12;Brigham Young University Geology Studies Volume 26, Part 3 Conodont Biostratigraphy-meeting field trip held in conjunction with the Rocky Mountain section, Geological Society of America of the Department of Geology Brigham Young University Provo, Utah 84602 Editors W. Kenneth Hamblin Cynthia M

  2. Brigham Young University Geology Studies Volume 25, Part 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    #12;Brigham Young University Geology Studies Volume 25, Part 3 CONTENTS Remains of Ornithopod ...........................................................................................................................................................ames M. Stolle Publications and Maps of the Geology Department Index to volumes 21-25 of Brigham Young University Geology Studies ........................................Carol T . Smith and Nathan M. Smith Cwec

  3. Brigham Young University Geology Studies Volume 26, Part 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    #12;Brigham Young University Geology Studies Volume 26, Part 2 CONTENTS A New Large Theropod................................................................................................................................................................ Danny J. Wyatt Publications and Maps of the Geology Department Cover: Cretaceouscoals near Castle Gate, Utab. #12;A publication of the Department of Geology Brigham Young University Provo, Utah 84602 Editors

  4. Brigham Young University Geology Studies Volume 26, Part I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    #12;Brigham Young University Geology Studies Volume 26, Part I Papers presented at the 31st annual meeting, Rocky Mountain Section, Geological Society of America, April 28-29, 1978, at Brig- ham Young ............................................................................................................................Publications and Maps of the Geology Department 91 Cover The Great Basrn seen from a htgh

  5. K:\\Web\\WebMirror2\\ospa\\policiesandprocedures\\Allowability of B I start up costs Policy-1-12.doc SPA Procedure for Allowable B&I Clinical Trial Start-Up Costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    K:\\Web\\WebMirror2\\ospa\\policiesandprocedures\\Allowability of B I start up costs Policy-1-12.doc SPA Procedure for Allowable B&I Clinical Trial Start-Up Costs This internal procedure is intended to resolve issues relating to Business and Industry (B&I)-sponsored clinical trials that have start-up costs

  6. SED modeling of Young Massive Stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas P. Robitaille

    2007-11-27

    In this contribution, I review the applications and potential limitations of the spectral energy distribution fitting tool that I have developed, with a strong emphasis on the limits to which this tool can be used to improve our understanding of massive star formation. I discuss why our current grid of models cannot be used to distinguish between the several competing theories of massive star formation. I also discuss stellar mass determinations, artificial correlations between parameters in the grid of models, multiplicity, confusion, dust assumptions, and unique fits. I briefly review the improvements we intend to carry out for our next grid of models, which will eliminate many of these limitations. Finally, I show examples of applications of this tool to massive young stars.

  7. Isokinetic Peak Torque in Young Wrestlers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Housh, Terry J.; Johnson, Glen O.; Housh, Dona J.; Stout, Jeffrey R.; Weir, Joseph P.; Weir, Loree L.; Eckerson, Joan M.

    1996-01-01

    previous studies (13, 21, 26) were within 1 stan- dard deviation of the means for the present sample of young wrestlers. These 146 — Housh, Johnson, Housh, etal. i i. E o 00 S 2 o o i en CN' —' ~ en — (N en" — — t A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A vo...»n'^mr^voiO':t"fnvow~i"^mvo'0"^m ooooooooaoooooooo en d +1 CN d +1 in d +1 en d +1 CN d +1 >n od +1 OS 14 5 9.7 +1 • VO t-; od +1 15 2.: GO 14 6.6 + 1 in VO +1 f^ CN vq +1 vq 13 3 +1 CN d +1 m 40 .: 1.1 +1 VO 52 . o d +1 45 .0 39 .4 ± 7, 1-: +1 OS od en OS +1 32 . p en +1...

  8. Are Low Surface Brightness Discs Young?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paolo Padoan; Raul Jimenez; Vincenzo Antonuccio-Delogu

    1996-09-12

    We reconsider the problem of the age of the stellar discs of late-type Low Surface Brightness (LSB) galaxies by making use of a new IMF recently derived from numerical fluid dynamical simulations (Padoan, Nordlund and Jones, 1997). While a Miller-Scalo IMF cannot adequately describe the photometric properties of LSBs, when we apply the new Padoan et al. (1997) IMF to a simple exponential disc model with parameters appropriate to LSBs, we get excellent fits of the colors and color gradients. We then conclude that: a) The star formation history of LSB disc galaxies can be described by an initial burst of a few times $10^7$ yr followed by a quiescent period with only sporadic star formation; b) LSBs' discs are not young. The age of the LSB disc galaxies for which colors have been measured are all larger than about 10 Gyr$.

  9. A Q-switched Ho:YAG laser assisted nanosecond time-resolved T-jump transient mid-IR absorbance spectroscopy with high sensitivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Wei Hua

    dynamical structures and the folding/unfolding kinetics of proteins in solution. A home-built setup of T is composed of a Q-switched Cr, Tm, Ho:YAG laser with an output wavelength at 2.09 µm as the T-jump heating source, and a continuous working CO laser tunable from 1580 to 1980 cm-1 as the IR probe. The results

  10. U.S. Geothermal Starts New Drilling Programs at Neal Hot Springs Project |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThin Film SolarTown(LECBP) | OpenTrackI/ Gallery <

  11. Tunable Young's Modulus in Carbon MEMS using Graphene-based Stiffeners...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Tunable Young's Modulus in Carbon MEMS using Graphene-based Stiffeners. Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Tunable Young's Modulus in Carbon MEMS using Graphene-based...

  12. Computer Automated Start-Up and Shutdown of an Air Separation Plant 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russek, S. L.; Beckowski, T. M.; Vinson, D. R.

    1985-01-01

    halted. The expanders are shutdown. The a1r 1s removed from the plant. and the alr compressor ls shutdown. The ma1n heat exchangers are blocked 1n and are then vented at the cold end. By vent1ng the cold gas at the cold end, the warm end w111 rema1n... and rellab1l1ty. II Incorporate a "Best Operator" ph110sophy. II Mlnlmlze unproductlve power. II Be easy to learn. II Be easy to use. II Allow one operator to start-up and shutdown the plant. PROCESS DESCRIPTION The computer start-up and shutdown...

  13. New Faculty Getting-Started Check List page 1 of 2 (Last updated: April 2015)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . PARKING PERMIT & LOT ASSIGNMENT Don't get ticketed or towed. All vehicles parked on campus (including-Started Check List NOTES: (1) A printable campus map is available in the right-hand menu here: http://inside.mines.edu/Parking campus street parking) must be registered with Parking Services. Go to http://inside.mines.edu/Parking

  14. GETTING STARTED IN THE GREENHOUSE SCHOOL Southern Piedmont Ag Research and Extension Center,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virginia Tech

    GETTING STARTED IN THE GREENHOUSE SCHOOL Southern Piedmont Ag Research and Extension Center Planning for a Greenhouse Operation Joyce Latimer, VCE 9:30-11:00 Greenhouse Vegetable Production Allen Straw, SW VA AREC, VCE BREAK 11:15-12:30 Greenhouse Structures and Operations (Heating, Cooling

  15. In Situ Imaging of Liquid Water and Ice Formation in an Operating PEFC during Cold Start

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Cold-start capability and survivability of polymer electrolyte fuel cells PEFCs in a subzero is insufficient to contain all of the accumulated water before the cell operating temperature rises above freezing to freeze/ thaw cycling between -40 and 80°C. St-Pierre et al.5 found that if a cell was purged with dry gas

  16. Natural versus forced convection in laminar starting plumes Michael C. Rogers and Stephen W. Morris

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, Stephen W.

    fluid from a small, submerged outlet. The plumes were laminar and spanned a wide range of plume, the most important fac- tor determining jet or plume behaviour and evolution is whether the flow is laminar orNatural versus forced convection in laminar starting plumes Michael C. Rogers and Stephen W. Morris

  17. First LNG from North field overcomes feed, start-up problems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Redha, A.; Rahman, A.; Al-Thani, N.H.; Ishikura, Masayuki; Kikkawa, Yoshitsugi

    1998-08-24

    Qatar Gas LNG is the first LNG project in the gas-development program of the world`s largest gas reservoir, North field. The LNG plant was completed within the budget and schedule. The paper discusses the LNG plant design, LNG storage and loading, alternative mercaptan removal, layout modification, information and control systems, training, data management systems, start-up, and performance testing.

  18. Chemical and dynamical discontinuity at the extratropical tropopause based on START08 and WACCM analyses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pan, Laura

    Chemical and dynamical discontinuity at the extratropical tropopause based on START08 and WACCM gas gradients of O3 and CO, the discontinuity in the chemical composition of the upper troposphere (UT good consistency between the chemical discontinuity in trace gas distributions and the PV gradientbased

  19. Method and device for reducing overpenetration at the start of plasma arc welds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanders, J.M.; Lehmann, J.M.; Ryan, P.M.

    2000-03-14

    A shim for improving plasma arc weld quality has ends tapered at about 25{degree} and notches at each end roughly centered over the corner between the tapered ends and main body of the shim. The improved shim allows lower starting plasma arc heat input and reduces the occurrence of sagging, or overpenetration, of the weld.

  20. Vehicle Technologies Office: AVTA- Start-Stop (Micro) Hybrid Vehicles Performance Data

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) uses standard procedures and test specifications to test and collect data from vehicles on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. Performance and testing data on the stop-start hybrid versions of the following vehicles is available: 2010 Smart Fortwo, 2010 Volkswagen Golf Diesel, and 2010 Mazda3 Hatchback.

  1. Examination of microbial fuel cell start-up times with domestic wastewater and additional amendments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Examination of microbial fuel cell start-up times with domestic wastewater and additional, University Park, PA 16802, USA c State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy Utilization, Department of Energy Available online 30 April 2011 Keywords: Microbial fuel cell Domestic wastewater Startup time Substrate a b

  2. Andor XDI Start Up/Shut Down 1. Turn on power strip against wall.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldman, Robert D.

    Andor XDI Start Up/Shut Down Turn On: 1. Turn on power strip against wall. a. Wait until you hear a noise from the spinning disk. 2. (Optional) If you want CO2/Heated chamber turn on the power switch these. 5. Turn off power strip TIPS: 1. If your imaging isn't going well first check that the optical

  3. For students starting in Fall 2014 BA Double Major Social Studies & Secondary Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­ Intro. to Environmental Studies 3 EDU 102 ­ Philosophy of Education OR EDU 103 ­ History of Education 3For students starting in Fall 2014 BA Double Major Social Studies & Secondary Education Major in Social Studies ­ Discipline Courses Major in Secondary Education - Courses Practicum Requirements ESG 100

  4. Big Data Big Talent The Master's in Business Analytics program starting Spring 2015 is designed to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Haiying

    Business Analytics Big Data Big Talent The Master's in Business Analytics program starting Spring Intelligence Web and Social Analytics Big Data Analytics Python for Data Analytics Forecasting Applied 2015 is designed to create an empowered workforce that understands how data - regardless of size

  5. The agreement gives the go-ahead for work to start

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and endless energy resource in the years ahead. "We represent more than half of the world's population that the billions of euros would result in a commercially viable energy source. "Investment in energy efficiency in Brussels gives the go-ahead for practical work on the project to start. Nuclear fusion taps energy from

  6. Method and device for reducing overpenetration at the start of plasma arc welds

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sanders, John M. (Jackson Township, Stark County, OH); Lehmann, John M. (Bedford County, VA); Ryan, Patrick M. (Washington Township, Stark County, OH)

    1998-01-01

    A shim for improving plasma arc weld quality has ends tapered at about 25.degree. and notches at each end roughly centered over the corner between the tapered ends and main body of the shim. The improved shim allows lower starting plasma arc heat input and reduces the occurrence of sagging, or overpenetration, of the weld.

  7. Start S Morgan St End 1933 W Polk St, Chicago, IL 60612

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spirtes, Peter

    Start S Morgan St End 1933 W Polk St, Chicago, IL 60612 When 10/5/11 after 9:09pm Duration 19 mins total Loading... ©2011 Google - Map data ©2011 Google, Sanborn - S Morgan St to 1933 W Polk St, Chicago District Walk to 1933 W Polk St, Chicago, IL 60612 Beta: Use caution ­ This route may be missing sidewalks

  8. Start S Morgan St End 1933 W Polk St, Chicago, IL 60612

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spirtes, Peter

    Start S Morgan St End 1933 W Polk St, Chicago, IL 60612 When 10/5/11 after 7:00pm Duration 11 mins total Loading... ©2011 Google - Map data ©2011 Google, Sanborn - S Morgan St to 1933 W Polk St, Chicago stops) Polk & Wolcott Walk to 1933 W Polk St, Chicago, IL 60612 About 1 min 1933 W Polk St, Chicago, IL

  9. Start S Morgan St End 1933 W Polk St, Chicago, IL 60612

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spirtes, Peter

    Start S Morgan St End 1933 W Polk St, Chicago, IL 60612 When 10/5/11 after 9:00pm Duration 17 mins total Loading... ©2011 Google - Map data ©2011 Google, Sanborn - S Morgan St to 1933 W Polk St, Chicago mins Harrison & Morgan Bus - 7 - Harrison towards Central 9:07pm - 9:14pm (7 mins, 10 stops) Polk

  10. HKUST ENTREPRENEURSHIP CENTER "BUILDYOUR OWN BUSINESS "SEMINAR Starting new venture as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;DIFFICULTIES FACED INTHE STARTING STAGE Huge investment Correct direction Immature Infrastructure HRM many years ago Good HRM -With CSR in mind and develop well-planned HRM #12;HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT (HRM) Training and Development - Company System training within working hours - System Integration

  11. Where to Start Reading a Textual XML Document? Jaap Kamps1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamps, Jaap

    the user to go straight to the relevant material. This paper looks at the so-called best entry points (BEPs choose the best entry point some distance from the start of the document. Second, many of the best entry Retrieval, Element retrieval, Best entry point 1. INTRODUCTION Focused structured document retrieval employs

  12. ICS313 Game Demonstrations, POST 126 Monday, Dec. 2, 2013 (starting at1:30 pm)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Nancy E.

    Savior By Jaimar and Micah Code Monkey By Taylor, Alvin and Brent The Aragorn Trail By William G Sharknado By Michael W. and Steven R. Wednesday, Dec. 4, 2013 (starting at1:30 pm) Starbreak By Andy, Troy By Taylor, Alvin and Brent #12;The Aragorn Trail By William G. and Michael T. #12;Don't Die Day, a Zombie

  13. NSTX Weekly Report (December 10, 2010) FY 2011 NSTX plasma operations started on October 4, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    cable installations for the addition of the second Switching Power Amplifier system. Access to the NSTX, helium and water piping modifications needed for the new MSE-LIF diagnostic continued, as well as power (LLD) - Design and planning work started for fabricating and testing an upgraded ceramic break

  14. NSTX Weekly Report (December 17, 2010) FY 2011 NSTX plasma operations started on October 4, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    , and poloidal velocities and their radial shearing rate are well correlated with the fraction of D-alpha light Lithium Divertor (LLD) plates and surrounding tiles, and the start of in-vessel tile sanding Switching Power Amplifier system have been installed and tested this week, and helium and water piping

  15. 2014/15 Whole Group Timetable Semester 2 Code Module Title Event Type Day Start Finish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    Start Finish Timetable Weeks Lecturer Room Name Room Code Capacity Class Size 643672 AM1004 American Lecture Theatre 3 KE LT3 150 137 705552 AM1004 American History, 1877-Present Lecture Mon 15:00 16:00 TT Weeks 14-22, 24 Johnstone A E Dr Attenborough Basement Lecture Theatre 1 ATT LT1 204 137 643719 AM1005

  16. Statewide average major timber product prices started the year on a decline except

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Statewide average major timber product prices started the year on a decline except for a slight rise in hardwood pulpwood price. Pine sawlog price continued to fall during the January/February 2008 period. State- wide pine sawlog averaged $35.20/ton, the lowest price since January 2006. This was a 5

  17. Cold starting capabilities of petroleum and syntehetic lubricants in heavy-duty diesel engines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Margeson, M.A.; Belmesch, B.J. )

    1989-01-01

    The objective of the work described in this paper was to compare the cold weather starting ability of diesel engines lubricated with SAE 15W-40 petroleum and SAE 5W-30 synthetic motor oil. Laboratory bench tests were used to compare rhelogical features such as borderline pumping temperature and cold cranking simulator profiles. A cold box provided a well controlled environment in which cranking and starting studies were carried out on the two oils in a turbocharged diesel engine. The SAE 5W-30 synthetic exhibited higher cranking speeds, lower starter amperage draw and immediate oil pressure readings when compared to the SAE l5W-40 petroleum. The SAE 5W-30 synthetic oil was safely started at {minus} l0 {sup 0}F oil temperature without auxiliary heaters. The comparative cylinder turbocharged diesel engines representing conditions commonly found in the commercial and off-highway sectors, These studies indicate that combining high capacity cold cranking amperage batteries, high pressure ether aid injection, and SAE 5W-30 synthetic oil resulted in a system that safely starts diesel engines down to actual oil temperatures of at least {minus} 10 {sup 0}F.

  18. PNNL delivers expertise, technology to biofuels start-up, InEnTec

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2012-12-31

    Initially through its Entrepreneurial Leave of Absence Program, PNNL gives biofuels innovators a start in opening up a new business based on technology developed for incinerating waste on the Hanford Site. Today, the companies Plasma Enhanced Melters are in operation around the world converting organic waste into valuable, clean fuels.

  19. HOW TO FORMAT PHOTOS FOR PUBLICATION 1. Start Paint.net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    HOW TO FORMAT PHOTOS FOR PUBLICATION 1. Start Paint.net 2. Open your photo by selecting FILE, OPEN. You photo will appear in the PAINT. NET screen 3. At the top of the window, click the IMAGE link. 4 should still be visible in PAINT.NET. If not, reopen it. All THUMBNAILS should be sized to 85x85 pixels

  20. >> The broadcast is now starting, all attendees are in listen-only mode.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Chris I.

    pertinent to grantees. So the archived webinar will be hosted publicly. So that the information is available to all our foreign grantees. This presentation is intended to provide information for staff so that you to appropriately advise grantees when you receive questions about the changes. With that intro done, let me start

  1. For students starting in Fall 2015 BSc. Science Teaching Major -Chemistry Concentration & Secondary Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Physical Chemistry I (+ Lab CHL 131) 3 CHM 141 Analytical Chemistry (+ Lab CHL 141) 3 CHM 111 OrganicFor students starting in Fall 2015 BSc. Science Teaching Major - Chemistry Concentration Technology 3 SLP 399 International Situated Learning Major in Chemistry ­ Discipline Courses (48 credits) All

  2. Prince Entrepreneurship Program At Stetson University, entrepreneurship isn't just about starting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miles, Will

    Prince Entrepreneurship Program At Stetson University, entrepreneurship isn't just about starting Features The School of Business Administration, through the Joseph C. Prince Entrepreneurship Program-up enterprises. Fast Facts Faculty: 1 Program website: stetson.edu/prince Contact: William Andrews wandrews

  3. A Bibliography of Genealogical Resources at the University of Idaho Library Where to Start Searching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Laughlin, Jay

    A Bibliography of Genealogical Resources at the University of Idaho Library Where to Start a subject search of su: Latah County Genealogy. More family histories and general guides to early settlers: Whitman County Genealogy. For many more Idaho Genealogical resources, and also for other states, try

  4. Transient Analysis of Proton Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFC) at Start-Up

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikoglu, Berrin

    Transient Analysis of Proton Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFC) at Start-Up and Failure M. F perfor- mance of the fuel cell has already been reported, when inter- digitated flow fields are used [1 with experiments to study the effect of temperature, humidity, and pressure on fuel cell performance

  5. Black holes in young stellar clusters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goswami, Sanghamitra; Kiel, Paul; Rasio, Frederic A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208 (United States)

    2014-02-01

    We present theoretical models for stellar black hole (BH) properties in young, massive star clusters. Using a Monte Carlo code for stellar dynamics, we model realistic star clusters with N ? 5 × 10{sup 5} stars and significant binary fractions (up to 50%) with self-consistent treatments of stellar dynamics and stellar evolution. We compute the formation rates and characteristic properties of single and binary BHs for various representative ages, cluster parameters, and metallicities. Because of dynamical interactions and supernova (SN) kicks, more single BHs end up retained in clusters compared to BHs in binaries. We also find that the ejection of BHs from a cluster is a strong function of initial density. In low-density clusters (where dynamical effects are negligible), it is mainly SN kicks that eject BHs from the cluster, whereas in high-density clusters (initial central density ? {sub c}(0) ? 10{sup 5} M {sub ?} pc{sup –3} in our models) the BH ejection rate is enhanced significantly by dynamics. Dynamical interactions of binary systems in dense clusters also modify the orbital period and eccentricity distributions while increasing the probability of a BH having a more massive companion.

  6. Young Stellar Objects in the Gould Belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunham, Michael M; Evans, Neal J; Broekhoven-Fiene, Hannah; Cieza, Lucas; Di Francesco, James; Gutermuth, Robert A; Harvey, Paul M; Hatchell, Jennifer; Heiderman, Amanda; Huard, Tracy; Johnstone, Doug; Kirk, Jason M; Matthews, Brenda C; Miller, Jennifer F; Peterson, Dawn E; Young, Kaisa E

    2015-01-01

    We present the full catalog of Young Stellar Objects (YSOs) identified in the 18 molecular clouds surveyed by the Spitzer Space Telescope "cores to disks" (c2d) and "Gould Belt" (GB) Legacy surveys. Using standard techniques developed by the c2d project, we identify 3239 candidate YSOs in the 18 clouds, 2966 of which survive visual inspection and form our final catalog of YSOs in the Gould Belt. We compile extinction corrected SEDs for all 2966 YSOs and calculate and tabulate the infrared spectral index, bolometric luminosity, and bolometric temperature for each object. We find that 326 (11%), 210 (7%), 1248 (42%), and 1182 (40%) are classified as Class 0+I, Flat-spectrum, Class II, and Class III, respectively, and show that the Class III sample suffers from an overall contamination rate by background AGB stars between 25% and 90%. Adopting standard assumptions, we derive durations of 0.40-0.78 Myr for Class 0+I YSOs and 0.26-0.50 Myr for Flat-spectrum YSOs, where the ranges encompass uncertainties in the ado...

  7. Investigation and demonstration of a rich combustor cold-start device for alcohol-fueled engines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hodgson, J.W.; Irick, D.K. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)] [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)

    1998-04-01

    The authors have completed a study in which they investigated the use of a rich combustor to aid in cold starting spark-ignition engines fueled with either neat ethanol or neat methanol. The rich combustor burns the alcohol fuel outside the engine under fuel-rich conditions to produce a combustible product stream that is fed to the engine for cold starting. The rich combustor approach significantly extends the cold starting capability of alcohol-fueled engines. A design tool was developed that simulates the operation of the combustor and couples it to an engine/vehicle model. This tool allows the user to determine the fuel requirements of the rich combustor as the vehicle executes a given driving mission. The design tool was used to design and fabricate a rich combustor for use on a 2.8 L automotive engine. The system was tested using a unique cold room that allows the engine to be coupled to an electric dynamometer. The engine was fitted with an aftermarket engine control system that permitted the fuel flow to the rich combustor to be programmed as a function of engine speed and intake manifold pressure. Testing indicated that reliable cold starts were achieved on both neat methanol and neat ethanol at temperatures as low as {minus}20 C. Although starts were experienced at temperatures as low as {minus}30 C, these were erratic. They believe that an important factor at the very low temperatures is the balance between the high mechanical friction of the engine and the low energy density of the combustible mixture fed to the engine from the rich combustor.

  8. Patterns of Rumination by Young and Older Adults

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmalzried, RaLynn Cheri

    2012-05-31

    effort to get started doing something Note: From Treynor, W., Gonzalez, R., & Nolen-­?Hoeksema, S. (2003). Rumination reconsidered: A psychometric analysis. Cognitive Therapy and...

  9. Who is Park Joo Young?, A Documentary Film

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kopacz, Elizabeth Min-Sook

    2014-01-01

    Park Joo Young? , A Documentary Film A thesis submitted indocumentary narratives. I am drawn to firmly establishing the constructed nature of filmdocumentaries are visual by nature. Along a similar line, I was supposed to film

  10. Young fathers and their experiences of forming families 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, Nicola; Church, Stephanie; Hill, Malcolm; Seaman, Peter; Roberts, Tom

    The male partners of teenage mothers are often ignored or portrayed negatively. This briefing outlines a study that set out to see what could be learned about fathers’ roles by interviewing young couples who were committed ...

  11. BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY GEOLOGY STUDIES Volume 27, Part I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    #12;BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY GEOLOGY STUDIES Volume 27, Part I Preble Formation, a Cambrian Outer ..........................................................................J. Roger Olsen Geology of the Sterling Quadrangle, Sanpete County, Utah ..............................................................................James Michael Taylor Publications and Maps of the Geology Department Cover: Aertalphorograph rhowing

  12. Brigham Young University Geology Studies Volume 28, Part 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    #12;Brigham Young University Geology Studies Volume 28, Part 3 CONTENTS Three Creeks Caldera ................................................................................................................................... Scott Dean Geology of the Antelope Peak Area of the Southern .................................................................................................................. Craig D. Hall Geology of the Longlick and White Mountain Area, Southern San Francisco Mountains

  13. Cool with Change: Young People and Family Change 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Highet, Gill; Jamieson, Lynn

    Cool with Change breaks new grounds by combining in-depth research of young people’s experience of family change in Scotland, reflection by service providers on the implications for their services and consultation with ...

  14. The Spatial Structure of Young Stellar Clusters. II. Total Young Stellar Populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhn, Michael A; Feigelson, Eric D

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the intrinsic stellar populations (estimated total numbers of OB and pre-main-sequence stars down to 0.1 Mo) that are present in 17 massive star-forming regions (MSFRs) surveyed by the MYStIX project. The study is based on the catalog of >31,000 MYStIX Probable Complex Members with both disk-bearing and disk-free populations, compensating for extinction, nebulosity, and crowding effects. Correction for observational sensitivities is made using the X-ray Luminosity Function (XLF) and the near-infrared Initial Mass Function (IMF)--a correction that is often not made by infrared surveys of young stars. The resulting maps of the projected structure of the young stellar populations, in units of intrinsic stellar surface density, allow direct comparison between different regions. Several regions have multiple dense clumps, similar in size and density to the Orion Nebula Cluster. The highest projected density of ~34,000 stars/pc^2 is found in the core of the RCW38 cluster. Histograms of surface densit...

  15. Exploration of cloud computing late start LDRD #149630 : Raincoat. v. 2.1.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Echeverria, Victor T.; Metral, Michael David; Leger, Michelle A.; Gabert, Kasimir Georg; Edgett, Patrick Garrett; Thai, Tan Q.

    2010-09-01

    This report contains documentation from an interoperability study conducted under the Late Start LDRD 149630, Exploration of Cloud Computing. A small late-start LDRD from last year resulted in a study (Raincoat) on using Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) to enhance security in a hybrid cloud environment. Raincoat initially explored the use of OpenVPN on IPv4 and demonstrates that it is possible to secure the communication channel between two small 'test' clouds (a few nodes each) at New Mexico Tech and Sandia. We extended the Raincoat study to add IPSec support via Vyatta routers, to interface with a public cloud (Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2)), and to be significantly more scalable than the previous iteration. The study contributed to our understanding of interoperability in a hybrid cloud.

  16. Method and apparatus for operating a self-starting air heating system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Heinrich, Charles E. (Mentor, OH)

    1983-12-06

    A self-starting, fuel fired, air heating system including a fuel burner fired vapor generator, a turbine, and a condenser connected in a closed circuit such that the vapor output from the vapor generator is conducted to the turbine and then to the condenser where it is condensed for return to the vapor generator. The turbine drives an air blower which passes air over the condenser for cooling the condenser and heating the air. Also, a condensate pump is driven by the turbine. The disclosure is particularly concerned with a method and apparatus which on start-up prevents the vapor generator's vapor output from being conducted to the turbine until a predetermined pressure differential has been achieved. However, after the vapor flow is once permitted, it cannot again be prevented until after the fuel burner has been shut off and restarted.

  17. Can first year start other than fall? No Type of school PUBLIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scharer, John E.

    inside the library 614 4th year 0 0 0 0 2nd year 1 2 3 1.2 3rd year 0 1 1 0.4 1st year 0 17 17 6.8 JCan first year start other than fall? No Type of school PUBLIC Financial aid deadline 5/1/2013 Term enrolled in independent study 221 0 Number of students who participated in law journals 175 0 Typical first-year

  18. Minto, Alaska Lakeview Lodge START Program Weatherization and Rehab Project Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Titus, Bessie; Messier, Dave

    2015-11-20

    This report details the process that Minto Village Council undertook during the DOE sponsored START program and the work that was completed on the main energy consumer in the community, the Minto Lakeview Lodge. The report takes a look at the steps leading up to the large weatherization and renovation project, the work the was completed as a result of the funding and the results in terms of effect on the community and real energy savings.

  19. Can first year start other than fall? No Student faculty ratio 11.53 to 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powers, Robert

    th year 0 0 0 0 2nd year 2 6 8 6 3rd year 0 1 1 0.8 1st year 3 8 11 8.5 J.D. Attrition (from priorCan first year start other than fall? No Student faculty ratio 11.53 to 1 Type of school PUBLIC Typical first-year section size 65 0 Number of classroom course titles beyond first-year curriculum 108

  20. Nonrecovery cokemaking/cogeneration complex at Inland Steel scheduled to start up in mid-1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samways, N.L.

    1997-12-01

    A 1.33 million ton/year cokemaking/cogeneration power complex is under construction at the Indiana Harbor Works. The cokemaking plant consists of four batteries of nonrecovery type coke ovens representing a total of 268 ovens. The cogeneration energy facilities include: 16 heat recovery boilers; a steam turbine generator, and a flue gas desulfurization system. Start-up is scheduled for mid-1998. Both facilities are described.

  1. RACE AND (STAKES) RECORD Age Starts 1st 2nd 3rd Earnings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guerriero, Vince

    RACE AND (STAKES) RECORD Age Starts 1st 2nd 3rd Earnings 2 3 1 1 0 $34,300 3 5 3(2) 0 2(1) 323., defeating For You Reppo, Sightseeing, High Act, etc.), 3rd Florida Derby-G1 at Gulfstream Park (1 1/8 mi, Del Mar Futurity-G2, 3rd Santa Anita Derby-G1. Sire. SIR CHEROKEE. 6 wins, $628,296, Arkansas Derby-G2

  2. An ERC Starting Grant project on p-process nucleosynthesis concluded

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gyürky, Gy; Szücs, T; Kiss, G G; Fülöp, Zs

    2015-01-01

    In 2008 a Starting Grant project supported by the European Research Council titled "Nuclear reaction studies relevant to the astrophysical p-process nucleosynthesis" was launched. After five years of successful research related to the experimental investigation of proton- and alpha-induced nuclear reaction for the astrophysical p-process, the project came to an end. In this paper a summary of the research and the most important achievements is given.

  3. An ERC Starting Grant project on p-process nucleosynthesis concluded

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gy Gyürky; Z Halász; T Szücs; G G Kiss; Zs Fülöp

    2015-09-03

    In 2008 a Starting Grant project supported by the European Research Council titled "Nuclear reaction studies relevant to the astrophysical p-process nucleosynthesis" was launched. After five years of successful research related to the experimental investigation of proton- and alpha-induced nuclear reaction for the astrophysical p-process, the project came to an end. In this paper a summary of the research and the most important achievements is given.

  4. August 15, 2014 Subj Crse Sec Title Cap Room Days Start End Instructor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    August 15, 2014 Subj Crse Sec Title Cap Room Days Start End Instructor MATH 1100 050 ALGEBRA 20:20 AM Olney, Heather MATH 1100 100 ALGEBRA 152 GAB 105 MWF 8:00 AM 8:50 AM Schwaighofer, Benjamin MATH 1100 101 ALGEBRA 38 GAB 511 M 10:00 AM 11:50 AM Cabello, Stephanie MATH 1100 102 ALGEBRA 38 GAB 511 W

  5. Mixed random walks with a trap in scale-free networks including nearest-neighbor and next-nearest-neighbor jumps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Zhongzhi; Sheng, Yibin

    2015-01-01

    Random walks including non-nearest-neighbor jumps appear in many real situations such as the diffusion of adatoms and have found numerous applications including PageRank search algorithm, however, related theoretical results are much less for this dynamical process. In this paper, we present a study of mixed random walks in a family of fractal scale-free networks, where both nearest-neighbor and next-nearest-neighbor jumps are included. We focus on trapping problem in the network family, which is a particular case of random walks with a perfect trap fixed at the central high-degree node. We derive analytical expressions for the average trapping time (ATT), a quantitative indicator measuring the efficiency of the trapping process, by using two different methods, the results of which are consistent with each other. Furthermore, we analytically determine all the eigenvalues and their multiplicities for the fundamental matrix characterizing the dynamical process. Our results show that although next-nearest-neighb...

  6. Fact #853 December 29, 2014 Stop/Start Technology is in nearly 5% of All New Light Vehicles Produced- Dataset

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Excel file with dataset for Fact #853: December  29, 2014 Stop/Start Technology is in nearly 5% of All New Light Vehicles Produced

  7. This year's winners from the University of Sydney's INCUBATE start-up program's winter cycle. Sydney University start-up program INCUBATE has chosen the next eight fledgling companies to take part in its

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wasinger, Rainer

    . This year's start-ups are listed below: Drivelist (http://www.drivelist.com.au/) Offers car buyers new car-up (/t/Start-up) An online services platform for local geographical areas such as neighbourhoods://www.rocketshift.com.au/) A platform for matching employers in the hospitality industry with skilled casual workers for as little

  8. CANDIDATES FOR THE YOUNG STELLAR OUTFLOWS: WATER AND METHANOL MASERS FROM YOUNG STELLAR OBJECTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lim, Wanggi; Lyo, A-Ran; Kim, Kee-Tae; Byun, Do-Young [Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daedeok Street 776, Yuseong-Gu, 305-348 Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-11-01

    We conducted simultaneous 22 GHz water maser and 44 GHz class I methanol maser surveys of newly identified 282 H{sub 2} emission features from the 2.122 {mu}m H{sub 2} narrowband image survey in the Galactic plane (UWISH2 project) using Korean VLBI Network 21 m radio telescopes. We detected 16 and 13 new water and methanol maser sources, respectively. This result indicates that at least {approx}5% of the H{sub 2} emission features originate from young stellar objects (YSOs) that are in the right physical condition to produce the water and methanol masers. The masers are closely related to the current outflow activities in the Galactic plane. The power sources of these 23 diffused/collimated H{sub 2} emission features (six sources are detected for both masers) are likely to be intermediate- to high-mass YSOs, based on a comparison with the maser luminosities of other well-studied YSOs. Both maser velocities are mostly close to their own systemic velocities within {approx}<5 km s{sup -1}, even though water masers generally show larger variabilities in the intensity, velocity, and shape than methanol masers. We also discovered three new water maser sources with high-velocity components: {approx}25 km s{sup -1} redshifted CMHO 019, {approx}50 km s{sup -1} blueshifted CMHO 132, and {approx}120 km s{sup -1} blueshifted CMHO 182. In particular, we propose that the dominant blueshifted water maser of CHMO 182 can be a unique laboratory for the study of the high-mass young stellar jet and its acceleration.

  9. York University Grants -Fiscal Year 2006-2007 Researcher Project Title Funder Total Funding Start Date End Date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Business Ethics Research Network (CBERN) Nuclear Waste Management Organization (NWMO) $25,000 12/1/2006 12York University Grants - Fiscal Year 2006-2007 Researcher Project Title Funder Total Funding Start - Fiscal Year 2006-2007 Researcher Project Title Funder Total Funding Start Date End Date Ceddia, Rolando

  10. Journal of Power Sources 172 (2007) 816830 One-dimensional thermal model of cold-start in a polymer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mench, Matthew M.

    2007-01-01

    A transient, one-dimensional thermal model for a generic polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) stack; PEFC; Stack; Thermal model 1. Introduction The current state of fuel cell technology faces a number the internal combustion engine. Among those, cold-start (i.e. start-up of polymer elec- trolyte fuel cell (PEFC

  11. Properties of Young Massive Cluster Derived from Photometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    U. Fritze-v. Alvensleben

    2004-08-25

    I will show that photometry -- if extending over a reasonable choice of passbands -- can give fairly precise information about young star clusters and their evolutionary state. Optical colors alone are known to leave severe ambiguities due to degeneracies between age, metallicity and extinction. High quality photometry including $U, B, V$ or $I$, and a NIR band, however, in combination with an extensive grid of evolutionary synthesis models for star clusters and a dedicated tool to analyse spectral energy distributions allows to assess and largely disentangle star cluster ages, metallicities, extinction values and, hence, to derive their masses. Gaseous emission contributions sensibly affect broad band colors during the youngest stages, depending on metallicity. Mass functions of young star cluster systems may considerably differ in shape from luminosity functions. An ESO ASTROVIRTEL project provides multi-color photometry for a large number of young, intermediate age and old star cluster systems. As a first example I show results obtained for NGC 1569.

  12. Design, start up, and three years operating experience of an ammonia scrubbing, distillation, and destruction plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gambert, G.

    1996-12-31

    When the rebuilt Coke Plant started operations in November of 1992, it featured a completely new closed circuit secondary cooler, ammonia scrubbing, ammonia distillation, and ammonia destruction plants. This is the second plant of this type to be built in North America. To remove the ammonia from the gas, it is scrubbed with three liquids: Approximately 185 gallons/minute of cooled stripped liquor from the ammonia stills; Light oil plant condensate; and Optionally, excess flushing liquor. These scrubbers typically reduce ammonia content in the gas from 270 Grains/100 standard cubic feet to 0.2 Grains/100 standard cubic feet.

  13. Method and system for controlling start of a permanent magnet machine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Walters, James E.; Krefta, Ronald John

    2003-10-28

    Method and system for controlling a permanent magnet machine are provided. The method provides a sensor assembly for sensing rotor sector position relative to a plurality of angular sectors. The method further provides a sensor for sensing angular increments in rotor position. The method allows starting the machine in a brushless direct current mode of operation using a calculated initial rotor position based on an initial angular sector position information from the sensor assembly. Upon determining a transition from the initial angular sector to the next angular sector, the method allows switching to a sinusoidal mode of operation using rotor position based on rotor position information from the incremental sensor.

  14. START-3: Operational Evaluations of the ISUS Engine Ground Demonstration Thermionic Power System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luchau, D.W.; Luke, J.R.; Wyant, F.J.

    1998-10-08

    START-3 was a test program conducted in order to demonstrate and characterize the operational performance of the prototype Integrated Solar Upper Stage (ISUS) thermionic power system. The test device consisted of a graphite thermal storage uni~ multilayer foil insulation, and sixteen thermionic converters electrically connected in a series array. Several thermal input conditions were achieved during the test, which resulted in measuring converter performance at average converter hot shoe temperatures in the range of 1600 K to 2000 K. Results indicate that the ;hermionic converter; did not perform as weil as expected in the array individual sixteen converters is currently being performed.

  15. Start-2-End Simulation in FACET Linac (Technical Report) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail. (Conference)Feedback System in thewitnessChiralTechnical Report: Start-2-End

  16. What Started the Motion Described By Newton's Third Law? | GE Global

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking WithTelecentricNCubic Feet)CompletesResearch Started the

  17. Inner disc rearrangement revealed by dramatic brightness variations in the young star PV Cep

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kun, M; Moór, A; Kóspál, Á; Ábrahám, P; Apai, D; Kiss, Z T; Klagyivik, P; Magakian, T Yu; Mez\\Ho, Gy; Movsessian, T A; Pál, A; Rácz, M; Rogers, J

    2011-01-01

    Young Sun-like stars at the beginning of the pre-main sequence (PMS) evolution are surrounded by accretion discs and remnant protostellar envelopes. Photometric and spectroscopic variations of these stars are driven by interactions of the star with the disc. Time scales and wavelength dependence of the variability carry information on the physical mechanisms behind these interactions. We conducted multi-epoch, multi-wavelength study of PV Cep, a strongly variable, accreting PMS star. By combining our own observations from 2004-2010 with archival and literature data, we show that PV Cep started a spectacular fading in 2005, reaching an I_C-band amplitude of 4 mag. Analysis of variation of the optical and infrared fluxes, colour indices, and emission line fluxes suggests that the photometric decline in 2005-2009 resulted from an interplay between variable accretion and circumstellar extinction: since the central luminosity of the system is dominated by accretion, a modest drop in the accretion rate could induce...

  18. Acceleration of wound healing in young and aged rats 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bryan Douglas

    1996-01-01

    1. The effect of ACM on wound healing in young rats. . Page 15 2. The effect of ACM on wound healing in old, ad-lib rats . . . . . . . 17 3. The effect of ACM on wound healing in old, caloric-restricted rats . . . 4. The effect of old and young... group (AL) had been fed a laboratory diet ad libitum during their lifetime. The other group (CR) had been maintained on a calorie-restricted diet at a level of 60% of the food intake of the ad libitum-fed group. This decrease in caloric intake resulted...

  19. Stanford University EH&S: Chemical Waste Manager Quick Start Guide Revision: August, 2009 1/2 Stanford University EH&S Presents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University EH&S: Chemical Waste Manager Quick Start Guide Revision: August, 2009 1/2 Stanford University EH&S Presents: Chemical Waste Manager ­ Quick Start Guide Welcome to the new Chemical Waste Manager. This quick start guide will help you get started with logging in, creating new waste tags

  20. The start-up of the DIOS pilot plant (DIOS Project)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sawada, Terutoshi

    1995-12-01

    The DIOS process has been successfully developed as an 8-year project commenced in April 1988. Based on the results of the element studies reported at the previous conference and at other meetings, the pilot plant, with a designed capacity of 500 t/d, was constructed and started up in october 1993. After the starting operation with the single smelting reduction furnace in the beginning of the first campaign, the pilot plant has been principally operated in integration, that is, with the smelting reduction furnace connected with the preheating and prereduction furnaces. So far five campaigns have been successfully conducted on schedule. The operation has been improved gradually and the designed performance has been achieved. New processes are targeted at the direct use of coal and iron ore fines to eliminate not only the problematic coke ovens but also pellet and sinter plants. The direct smelting reduction processes currently at the most advanced stage of development are the DIOS in Japan, the AISI in the USA and the HIsmelt in Australia.

  1. Start-up and control method and apparatus for resonant free piston Stirling engine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Walsh, Michael M. (Schenectady, NY)

    1984-01-01

    A resonant free-piston Stirling engine having a new and improved start-up and control method and system. A displacer linear electrodynamic machine is provided having an armature secured to and movable with the displacer and having a stator supported by the Stirling engine housing in juxtaposition to the armature. A control excitation circuit is provided for electrically exciting the displacer linear electrodynamic machine with electrical excitation signals having substantially the same frequency as the desired frequency of operation of the Stirling engine. The excitation control circuit is designed so that it selectively and controllably causes the displacer electrodynamic machine to function either as a generator load to extract power from the displacer or the control circuit selectively can be operated to cause the displacer electrodynamic machine to operate as an electric drive motor to apply additional input power to the displacer in addition to the thermodynamic power feedback to the displacer whereby the displacer linear electrodynamic machine also is used in the electric drive motor mode as a means for initially starting the resonant free-piston Stirling engine.

  2. NONPARAMETRIC REGRESSION ESTIMATION OF HOUSEHOLD VMT Young-Jun Kweon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kockelman, Kara M.

    NONPARAMETRIC REGRESSION ESTIMATION OF HOUSEHOLD VMT Young-Jun Kweon (Corresponding Author Transportation Survey. The results are density functions and regression surfaces for VMT, in relation regressions perform better than their ordinary-least squares counterparts in many ways: they permit full

  3. KnowledgeAssetManagementMentzasApostolou AbeckerYoung

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen-Burger, Yun-Heh (Jessica)

    123 KnowledgeAssetManagementMentzas·Apostolou Abecker·Young Gregoris Mentzas Dimitris Apostolou Knowledge Asset Management There are two main approaches to knowledge management (KM): · the process Asset Management presents a knowledge asset-centric approach, which fuses the previous two approaches

  4. Activity Identification Utilizing Data Mining Techniques Jae Young Lee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoff, William A.

    Activity Identification Utilizing Data Mining Techniques Jae Young Lee Dept. of Math. and Computer belong to. The proposed method utilizes various data mining techniques, including clustering Sciences Colorado School of Mines Golden, Colorado, USA jaelee@mines.edu William Hoff Engineering Division

  5. Sex differences in indirect aggression Psychological evidence from young adults

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sex differences in indirect aggression Psychological evidence from young adults Nicole H. Hessa theories of sex differences in indirect aggression propose selection pressures that would have acted on older teenagers and adults. Evidence for sex differences in indirect aggression in adults, however

  6. The New York State Summer Young Writers Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexandrova, Ivana

    #12;The New York State Summer Young Writers Institute This anthology contains poems, stories, and creative nonfiction pieces produced by the talented high school writers of the 2009 New York State Summer held in July on the campus of Skidmore College in Saratoga Springs, New York, to coincide with one week

  7. Brigham Young University Geology Studies Volume 29, Part 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    #12;Brigham Young University Geology Studies Volume 29, Part 2 CONTENTS Stratigraphy ...................................................................................................... Terry C. Gosney 27 Geology of the Champlin Peak Quadrangle,Juab and Millard Counties, Utah ..................................................................................................................................... David R. Keller 103 Publications and Maps of the Department of Geology 117 Cover: Rafted orjoreign

  8. VOLUMF -31, PART 1 BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY GEOLOGY STUDIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    Y O U N G VOLUMF -31, PART 1 #12;BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY GEOLOGY STUDIES VOLUME 31.PART 1 CONTENTS .................................................................. Ralph E.Lambert Geology of the Mount Ellen Quadrangle. Henry Mountains. Garfield County. Utah near White Horse Pass. Elko County. Nevada ............Stephen M Smith Geology of the Steele Butte

  9. BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY GEOLOGY STUDIES Volume 27, Part 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    #12;BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY GEOLOGY STUDIES Volume 27, Part 3 CONTENTS Studies for Students #lo, Geologic Guide to Provo Canyon and Weber Canyon, Central Wasatch Mountains, Utah ............................................................................................................................. Randy L. Chamberlain The Geology of the Drum Mountains, Millard and Juab Counties, Utah

  10. Brigham Young University Geology Studies Volume 27, Part 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    #12;Brigham Young University Geology Studies Volume 27, Part 2 CONTENTS The Kinnikinic Quartzite ........................................................Robert Q. Oaks,Jr., and W . Calvin James Geology of the Sage Valley 7 W'Quadrangle, Caribou County, Idaho, and Lincoln County, Wyoming ....................J ohn L. Conner Geology of the Elk Valley Quadrangle, Bear

  11. Brigham Young University Geology Studies Volume 30, Part 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    #12;Brigham Young University Geology Studies Volume 30, Part 1 CONTENTS Diagenetic Aspects ................................................................................................... Steven G. Driese Geology of the Dog Valley-Red Ridge Area, Southern Pavant Mountains, Millard County .................................................................................................. Lynn C Meibos Geology of the Southwestern Quarter of the Scipio North (15-Minute) Quadrangle, Millard

  12. BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY GEOLOGY STUDIES Volume 25,Part 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    #12;BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY GEOLOGY STUDIES Volume 25,Part 1 Papers reviewing geology of field trip areas, 31st annual meeting, Rocky Mountain Section, Geological Society of America, April 28 ....................................................................................................................................................... Geology of Volcanic Rocks and Mineral Deposits in the Southern Thomas Range, Utah: A Brief Summary

  13. Brigham Young University Geology Studies Volume 24, Part 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    #12;Brigham Young University Geology Studies Volume 24, Part 2 CONTENTS Studies for Students ............................................................................................................................... Robert C. Ahlborn Publications and Maps of the Geology Department Cover: Sahara dune sand, X130. Photo, Univer~ityof Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221. #12;A publication of the Department of Geology Brigham

  14. How Europe fails its young Sep 8th 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marrucci, Lorenzo

    How Europe fails its young Sep 8th 2005 From The Economist print edition The state of Europe sense of a sort: Europe's only chance of preserving its living standards lies in working smarter than its competitors rather than harder or cheaper. But Europe's failing higher-education system poses

  15. Effect of CNG start - gasoline run on emissions from a 3/4 ton pick-up truck

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Springer, K.J.; Smith, L.R.; Dickinson, A.G.

    1994-10-01

    This paper describes experiments to determine the effect on exhaust emissions of starting on compressed natural gas (CNG) and then switching to gasoline once the catalyst reaches operating temperature. Carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, and detailed exhaust hydrocarbon speciation data were obtained for dedicated CNG, then unleaded gasoline, and finally CNG start - gasoline run using the Federal Test Procedure at 24{degree}C and at -7{degree}C. The results was a reductiopn in emissions from the gasoline baseline, especially at -7{degree}C. It was estimated that CNG start - gasoline run resulted in a 71 percent reduction in potential ozone formation per mile. 3 refs., 6 figs., 11 tabs.

  16. The Young Planet-mass Ob ject 2M1207b: A cool, cloudy, and methane...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Young Planet-mass Ob ject 2M1207b: A cool, cloudy, and methane-poor atmosphere Citation Details In-Document Search Title: The Young Planet-mass Ob ject 2M1207b: A cool, cloudy, and...

  17. BrighamYoungUniversitySummerInternships DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY AND BIOCHEMISTRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    BrighamYoungUniversitySummerInternships DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY AND BIOCHEMISTRY BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY EIGHT WEEK SUMMER UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH INTERNSHIPS The Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry programs. Summer Term 2013: June 24 through August 12 Requirements: Registered chemistry or biochemistry

  18. BrighamYoungUniversitySummerInternships DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY AND BIOCHEMISTRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    BrighamYoungUniversitySummerInternships DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY AND BIOCHEMISTRY BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY EIGHT WEEK SUMMER UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH INTERNSHIPS The Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry programs. Summer Term 2012: June 18 through August 10 Requirements: Registered chemistry or biochemistry

  19. How was it for you? The quality of young people's sexual relationships 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Daniel; Forrest, Simon

    Few studies have investigated young people’s own evaluations of their heterosexual experiences or relationships, other than by measuring negative sexual encounters. An evaluation of young peoples’ views is important, to ...

  20. Doing ok? Children and young people's views on what affects their mental health 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elsley, Susan; McMellon, Christina

    This briefing highlights the findings from a consultation which was undertaken with specific groups of children and young people in order to inform the NHS Health Scotland draft framework for children and young people’s ...

  1. Electrostatic charging of jumping droplets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miljkovic, Nenad

    With the broad interest in and development of superhydrophobic surfaces for self-cleaning, condensation heat transfer enhancement and anti-icing applications, more detailed insights on droplet interactions on these surfaces ...

  2. Artificial leaf jumps developmental hurdle

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News Publications TraditionalWithAntiferromagneticInexpensive 2- toArthur J. NozikSeptember

  3. Start-to-end modelling of a mode-locked optical klystron free electron laser amplifier

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dunning, D. J.; Thompson, N. R. [University of Strathclyde (SUPA), Glasgow G4 0NG (United Kingdom); ASTeC, Daresbury Laboratory, Warrington WA4 4AD (United Kingdom); Mc Neil, B. W. J. [University of Strathclyde (SUPA), Glasgow G4 0NG (United Kingdom); Williams, P. H. [ASTeC, Daresbury Laboratory, Warrington WA4 4AD (United Kingdom)

    2011-07-15

    A free electron laser (FEL) in a mode-locked optical klystron (MLOK) configuration is modelled using start-to-end simulations that simulate realistic electron beam acceleration and transport before input into a full three-dimensional FEL simulation code. These simulations demonstrate that the MLOK scheme is compatible with the present generation of radiofrequency accelerator designs. A train of few-optical cycle pulses is predicted with peak powers similar to those of the equivalent conventional FEL amplifier. The role of electron beam energy modulation in these results is explained and the limitations of some simulation codes discussed. It is shown how seeding the FEL interaction using a High Harmonic seed laser can improve the coherence properties of the output.

  4. Start-up operations at the Fenton Hill HDR Pilot Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ponden, R.F.

    1991-01-01

    With the completion of the surface test facilities at Fenton Hill, the Hot Dry Rock (HDR) Geothermal Energy Program at Los Alamos is moving steadily into the next stage of development. Start-up operations of the surface facilities have begun in preparation for testing the Phase II reservoir and the initial steady-state phase of operations. A test program has been developed that will entail a number of operational strategies to characterize the thermal performance of the reservoir. The surface facilities have been designed to assure high reliability while providing the flexibility and control to support the different operating modes. This paper presents a review of the system design and provides a discussion of the preliminary results of plant operations and equipment performance.

  5. Start-Up Operations at the Fenton Hill HDR Pilot Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ponden, Raymond F.

    1992-03-24

    With the completion of the surface test facilities at Fenton Hill, the Hot Dry Rock (HDR) Geothermal Energy Program at Los Alamos is moving steadily into the next stage of development. Start-up operations of the surface facilities have begun in preparation for testing the Phase II reservoir and the initial steady-state phase of operations. A test program has been developed that will entail a number of operational strategies to characterize the thermal performance of the reservoir. The surface facilities have been designed to assure high reliability while providing the flexibility and control to support the different operating modes. This paper presents a review of the system design and provides a discussion of the preliminary results of plant operations and equipment performance.

  6. The Challenge for Arms Control Verification in the Post-New START World

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wuest, C R

    2012-05-24

    Nuclear weapon arms control treaty verification is a key aspect of any agreement between signatories to establish that the terms and conditions spelled out in the treaty are being met. Historically, arms control negotiations have focused more on the rules and protocols for reducing the numbers of warheads and delivery systems - sometimes resorting to complex and arcane procedures for counting forces - in an attempt to address perceived or real imbalances in a nation's strategic posture that could lead to instability. Verification procedures are generally defined in arms control treaties and supporting documents and tend to focus on technical means and measures designed to ensure that a country is following the terms of the treaty and that it is not liable to engage in deception or outright cheating in an attempt to circumvent the spirit and the letter of the agreement. As the Obama Administration implements the articles, terms, and conditions of the recently ratified and entered-into-force New START treaty, there are already efforts within and outside of government to move well below the specified New START levels of 1550 warheads, 700 deployed strategic delivery vehicles, and 800 deployed and nondeployed strategic launchers (Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) silos, Submarine-Launched Ballistic Missile (SLBM) tubes on submarines, and bombers). A number of articles and opinion pieces have appeared that advocate for significantly deeper cuts in the U.S. nuclear stockpile, with some suggesting that unilateral reductions on the part of the U.S. would help coax Russia and others to follow our lead. Papers and studies prepared for the U.S. Department of Defense and at the U.S. Air War College have also been published, suggesting that nuclear forces totaling no more than about 300 warheads would be sufficient to meet U.S. national security and deterrence needs. (Davis 2011, Schaub and Forsyth 2010) Recent articles by James M. Acton and others suggest that the prospects for maintaining U.S. security and minimizing the chances of nuclear war, while deliberately reducing stockpiles to a few hundred weapons, is possible but not without risk. While the question of the appropriate level of cuts to U.S. nuclear forces is being actively debated, a key issue continues to be whether verification procedures are strong enough to ensure that both the U.S. and Russia are fulfilling their obligations under the current New Start treaty and any future arms reduction treaties. A recent opinion piece by Henry Kissinger and Brent Scowcroft (2012) raised a number of issues with respect to governing a policy to enhance strategic stability, including: in deciding on force levels and lower numbers, verification is crucial. Particularly important is a determination of what level of uncertainty threatens the calculation of stability. At present, that level is well within the capabilities of the existing verification systems. We must be certain that projected levels maintain - and when possible, reinforce - that confidence. The strengths and weaknesses of the New START verification regime should inform and give rise to stronger regimes for future arms control agreements. These future arms control agreements will likely need to include other nuclear weapons states and so any verification regime will need to be acceptable to all parties. Currently, China is considered the most challenging party to include in any future arms control agreement and China's willingness to enter into verification regimes such as those implemented in New START may only be possible when it feels it has reached nuclear parity with the U.S. and Russia. Similarly, in keeping with its goals of reaching peer status with the U.S. and Russia, Frieman (2004) suggests that China would be more willing to accept internationally accepted and applied verification regimes rather than bilateral ones. The current verification protocols specified in the New START treaty are considered as the baseline case and are contrasted with possible alternative verification protocols that could be e

  7. Cold-Start Emissions Control in Hybrid Vehicles Equipped with a Passive Adsorber for Hydrocarbons and NOx

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Reports results from study of potential for using chemisorbing materials to temporally trap HC and NOx emissions during cold-start of HEVs and PHEVs over transient driving cycles

  8. Convective Transport of Trace Species Observed During the Stratosphere–Troposphere Analyses of Regional Transport 2008 Experiment (START08) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siu, Leong Wai

    2014-12-02

    During the Stratosphere-Troposphere Analyses of Regional Transport 2008 Experiment (START08) the NCAR/NSF Gulfstream V aircraft encountered high concentrations of NO and NOy in the upper troposphere downwind of a squall ...

  9. Fact #853 December 29, 2014 Stop/Start Technology is in nearly 5% of All New Light Vehicles Produced

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Stop/Start technology improves fuel economy by reducing engine idle time. As a vehicle slows to a stop, the engine is shut down but then immediately restarts when the break pedal is released so...

  10. Reducing cold start hydrocarbon emissions from port fuel injected spark ignition engines with improved management of hardware & controls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lang, Kevin R., 1980-

    2006-01-01

    An experimental study was performed to investigate strategies for reducing cold start hydrocarbon (HC) emissions from port fuel injected (PFI) spark ignition (SI) engines with better use of existing hardware and control ...

  11. Structure and Stratigraphy Beneath a Young Phreatic Vent: South Inyo

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS ReportEurope GmbHSoloPageBeforeCreek WindInsulatedCrater, Long Valley

  12. Advanced Start of Combustion Sensor Phases I and II-A: Feasibility Demonstration, Design and Optimization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chad Smutzer

    2010-01-31

    Homogeneous Compressed Charge Ignition (HCCI) has elevated the need for Start of Combustion (SOC) sensors. HCCI engines have been the exciting focus of engine research recently, primarily because HCCI offers higher thermal efficiency than the conventional Spark Ignition (SI) engines and significantly lower NOx and soot emissions than conventional Compression Ignition (CI) engines, and could be fuel neutral. HCCI has the potential to unify all the internal combustion engine technology to achieve the high-efficiency, low-emission goal. However, these advantages do not come easy. It is well known that the problems encountered with HCCI combustion center on the difficulty of controlling the Start of Combustion. TIAX has an SOC sensor under development which has shown promise. In previous work, including a DOE-sponsored SBIR project, TIAX has developed an accelerometer-based method which was able to determine SOC within a few degrees crank angle for a range of operating conditions. A signal processing protocol allows reconstruction of the combustion pressure event signal imbedded in the background engine vibration recorded by the accelerometer. From this reconstructed pressure trace, an algorithm locates the SOC. This SOC sensor approach is nonintrusive, rugged, and is particularly robust when the pressure event is strong relative to background engine vibration (at medium to high engine load). Phase I of this project refined the previously developed technology with an engine-generic and robust algorithm. The objective of the Phase I research was to answer two fundamental questions: Can the accelerometer-based SOC sensor provide adequate SOC event capture to control an HCCI engine in a feedback loop? And, will the sensor system meet cost, durability, and software efficiency (speed) targets? Based upon the results, the answer to both questions was 'YES'. The objective of Phase II-A was to complete the parameter optimization of the SOC sensor prototype in order to reach a juncture where plans can be and are discussed with an industry partner for how best to perform a more detailed implementation of the TIAX SOC technology on an HCCI engine system. This occurred, as evidenced the number of potential commercialization partners shown in Table 4. Potential Commercialization Partners Contacted (up to date as of January 31, 2010). During the two phases, a robust, engine-generic algorithm was developed that met the desired targets and was shown to work extremely well for HCCI engine operation.

  13. EVIDENCE FOR A WEAK WIND FROM THE YOUNG SUN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wood, Brian E.; Müller, Hans-Reinhard; Redfield, Seth; Edelman, Eric

    2014-02-01

    The early history of the solar wind has remained largely a mystery due to the difficulty of detecting winds around young stars that can serve as analogs for the young Sun. Here we report on the detection of a wind from the 500 Myr old solar analog ?{sup 1} UMa (G1.5 V), using spectroscopic observations from the Hubble Space Telescope. We detect H I Ly? absorption from the interaction region between the stellar wind and interstellar medium, i.e., the stellar astrosphere. With the assistance of hydrodynamic models of the ?{sup 1} UMa astrosphere, we infer a wind only half as strong as the solar wind for this star. This suggests that the Sun and solar-like stars do not have particularly strong coronal winds in their youth.

  14. What could infant and young child nutrition learn from sweatshops?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singer, Peter A; Ansett, Sean; Sagoe-Moses, Isabella

    2011-05-05

    Vitamin A, iron, zinc), essential fats, and energy. Therefore, ade- quate Infant and Young Child Nutrition (IYCN) demands high rates of breastfeeding and good access to nutrient rich complementary foods, requiring public sec- tor action to promote... feeding are diminished with reliable access to Singer et al. BMC Public Health 2011, 11:276 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/11/276 Page 2 of 5 clean water. Moreover, the companies claim the Code has shortcomings: it is open to interpretation...

  15. Gravitational wave emission and spin-down of young pulsars

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alford, Mark G.; Schwenzer, Kai [Department of Physics, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130 (United States)

    2014-01-20

    The rotation frequencies of young pulsars are systematically below their theoretical Kepler limit. r-modes have been suggested as a possible explanation for this observation. With the help of semi-analytic expressions that make it possible to assess the uncertainties of the r-mode scenario due to the impact of uncertainties in underlying microphysics, we perform a quantitative analysis of the spin-down and the emitted gravitational waves of young pulsars. We find that the frequency to which r-modes spin-down a young neutron star (NS) is surprisingly insensitive to both the microscopic details and the saturation amplitude. Comparing our result to astrophysical data, we show that for a range of sufficiently large saturation amplitudes r-modes provide a viable spin-down scenario and that all observed young pulsars are very likely already outside the r-mode instability region. Therefore, the most promising sources for gravitational wave detection are unobserved NSs associated with recent supernovae, and we find that advanced LIGO should be able to see several of them. Our analysis shows that despite the coupling of the spin-down and thermal evolution, a power-law spin-down with an effective braking index n {sub rm} ? 7 is realized. Because of this, the gravitational wave strain amplitude is completely independent of both the r-mode saturation amplitude and the microphysics and depends on the saturation mechanism only within some tens of percent. However, the gravitational wave frequency depends on the amplitude, and we provide the required expected timing parameter ranges to look for promising sources in future searches.

  16. Production of high-energy ?neutrinos from young neutron stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. F. Burgio; B. Link

    2006-09-20

    Young, rapidly rotating neutron stars could accelerate protons to energies of $\\sim 1$ PeV close to the stellar surface, which scatter with x-rays from the stellar surface through the $\\Delta$ resonance and produce pions. The pions subsequently decay to produce muon neutrinos. We find that the energy spectrum of muon neutrinos consists of a sharp rise at $\\sim 50$ TeV, corresponding to the onset of the resonance, above which the flux drops as $\\epsilon_\

  17. Lean color characteristics of beef from steers and young bulls 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Purser, David Elbert

    1982-01-01

    bulls are more muscular with less fat than those from steers; it would seem logical that beef from young bulls could be utilized at the retail level to provide consumers with retail cuts with less fat. One of the problems associated with marketing... panel evaluations of steaks from retail display, microbial sampling, colorimetric measures of muscle surface light reflectance, pH, and total pigment concentration were analyzed to determine causes, if any, for the differences in muscle color between...

  18. Young Texas Saves Program Leader Instructions Thank you for committing to be a Young Texas Saves Leader. You will make a difference in your 4-H club. Below, we

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young Texas Saves Program Leader Instructions Thank you for committing to be a Young Texas Saves the Saves program. Young Texas Saves is a youth-led movement in the Texas 4-H Program. 4-H members across 3000 4-H members across the state take part in the Young Texas Saves Program. Begin the program

  19. Starting a local conservation and passive solar retrofit program: an energy planning sourcebook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barber, V; Mathews, R

    1982-02-01

    A city planner or a neighborhood activist may wish to initiate a local conservation and passive solar retrofit program but may not have previous experience in doing so. This sourcebook is designed to assist interested individuals with their energy planning efforts, from determining retrofit potential, to financing and implementing the program. An approach or methodology is provided which can be applied to determine retrofit potential in single-family residences, mobile homes, multifamily residences, and nonresidential buildings. Case studies in Albuquerque, New Mexico, are given as examples. Guidelines are provided for evaluating the economic benefits of a retrofit program through benefit-cost analysis and economic base studies at the city and neighborhood levels. Also included are approaches to community outreach, detailing how to get started, how to gain local support, and examples of successful programs throughout the US. The need for financing, the development of a local strategy, public and private financing techniques, and community energy service organizations are examined. In addition to the Albuquerque case studies, a brief technology characterization, heat-loss calculations, economic tools, and a list of resources are appended.

  20. Evaluation of Neutron Radiography Reactor LEU-Core Start-Up Measurements

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Bess, John D.; Maddock, Thomas L.; Smolinski, Andrew T.; Marshall, Margaret A.

    2014-11-04

    Benchmark models were developed to evaluate the cold-critical start-up measurements performed during the fresh core reload of the Neutron Radiography (NRAD) reactor with Low Enriched Uranium (LEU) fuel. Experiments include criticality, control-rod worth measurements, shutdown margin, and excess reactivity for four core loadings with 56, 60, 62, and 64 fuel elements. The worth of four graphite reflector block assemblies and an empty dry tube used for experiment irradiations were also measured and evaluated for the 60-fuel-element core configuration. Dominant uncertainties in the experimental keff come from uncertainties in the manganese content and impurities in the stainless steel fuel cladding asmore »well as the 236U and erbium poison content in the fuel matrix. Calculations with MCNP5 and ENDF/B-VII.0 neutron nuclear data are approximately 1.4% (9?) greater than the benchmark model eigenvalues, which is commonly seen in Monte Carlo simulations of other TRIGA reactors. Simulations of the worth measurements are within the 2? uncertainty for most of the benchmark experiment worth values. The complete benchmark evaluation details are available in the 2014 edition of the International Handbook of Evaluated Reactor Physics Benchmark Experiments.« less

  1. Nonlinear dynamics analysis of a membrane Stirling engine: Starting and stable operation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Formosa, Fabien

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents the work devoted to the study of the operation of a miniaturized membrane Stirling engine. Indeed, such an engine relies on the dynamic coupling of the motion of two membranes to achieve a prime mover Stirling thermodynamic cycle. The modelling of the system introduces the large vibration amplitudes of the membrane as well as the nonlinear dissipative effects associated to the fluid flow within the engine. The nonlinearities are expressed as polynomial functions with quadratic and cubic terms. This paper displays the stability analysis to predict the starting of the engine and the instability problem which leads to the steady state behaviour. The centre manifold - normal form theory is used to obtain the simplest expression for the limit cycle amplitudes. The approach allows the reduction of the number of equations of the original system in order to obtain a simplified system, without loosing the dynamics of the original system as well as the contributions of non-linear terms. The model in...

  2. Cold-Start Emissions Control in Hybrid Vehicles Equipped with a Passive Hydrocarbon and NOx Adsorber

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gao, Zhiming; Kim, Miyoung; Choi, Jae-Soon; Daw, C Stuart; Parks, II, James E; Smith, David E

    2012-01-01

    We presents a study of the potential for using low-cost sorbent materials (i.e. Ag-Beta-zeolite and Fe-Mn-Zr transition metal oxides) to temporally trap hydrocarbons (HCs) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions during cold-start periods in HEVs and PHEVs over transient driving cycles. The adsorption behavior of the candidate sorbent materials was characterized in our laboratory flow reactor experiments. The parameters were then used to develop a one-dimensional, transient device model which has been implemented in the Powertrain Systems Analysis Toolkit (PSAT) to simulate a passive HC and NOx absorber device. The results show that such an absorber can substantially reduce HC and NOx emissions by storing them when the 3-way catalyst is too cool to function and re-releasing them when the exhaust temperature rises. These improved emission controls do not involve any penalty in fuel consumption or require any change in engine operation. The cost of these sorbent materials is also much less than conventional 3-way catalysts.

  3. Evaluation of Neutron Radiography Reactor LEU-Core Start-Up Measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bess, John D.; Maddock, Thomas L.; Smolinski, Andrew T.; Marshall, Margaret A.

    2014-11-04

    Benchmark models were developed to evaluate the cold-critical start-up measurements performed during the fresh core reload of the Neutron Radiography (NRAD) reactor with Low Enriched Uranium (LEU) fuel. Experiments include criticality, control-rod worth measurements, shutdown margin, and excess reactivity for four core loadings with 56, 60, 62, and 64 fuel elements. The worth of four graphite reflector block assemblies and an empty dry tube used for experiment irradiations were also measured and evaluated for the 60-fuel-element core configuration. Dominant uncertainties in the experimental keff come from uncertainties in the manganese content and impurities in the stainless steel fuel cladding as well as the 236U and erbium poison content in the fuel matrix. Calculations with MCNP5 and ENDF/B-VII.0 neutron nuclear data are approximately 1.4% (9?) greater than the benchmark model eigenvalues, which is commonly seen in Monte Carlo simulations of other TRIGA reactors. Simulations of the worth measurements are within the 2? uncertainty for most of the benchmark experiment worth values. The complete benchmark evaluation details are available in the 2014 edition of the International Handbook of Evaluated Reactor Physics Benchmark Experiments.

  4. Evaluation of Neutron Radiography Reactor LEU-Core Start-Up Measurements

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    None

    2014-11-04

    Benchmark models were developed to evaluate the cold-critical start-up measurements performed during the fresh core reload of the Neutron Radiography (NRAD) reactor with Low Enriched Uranium (LEU) fuel. Experiments include criticality, control-rod worth measurements, shutdown margin, and excess reactivity for four core loadings with 56, 60, 62, and 64 fuel elements. The worth of four graphite reflector block assemblies and an empty dry tube used for experiment irradiations were also measured and evaluated for the 60-fuel-element core configuration. Dominant uncertainties in the experimental keff come from uncertainties in the manganese content and impurities in the stainless steel fuel cladding as well as the 236U and erbium poison content in the fuel matrix. Calculations with MCNP5 and ENDF/B-VII.0 neutron nuclear data are approximately 1.4% (9?) greater than the benchmark model eigenvalues, which is commonly seen in Monte Carlo simulations of other TRIGA reactors. Simulations of the worth measurements are within the 2? uncertainty for most of the benchmark experiment worth values. The complete benchmark evaluation details are available in the 2014 edition of the International Handbook of Evaluated Reactor Physics Benchmark Experiments.

  5. Direct Numerical Simulation of Surfactant-Stabilized Emulsions Morphology and Shear Viscosity in Starting Shear Flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roar Skartlien; Espen Sollum; Andreas Akselsen; Paul Meakin

    2012-07-01

    A 3D lattice Boltzmann model for two-phase flow with amphiphilic surfactant was used to investigate the evolution of emulsion morphology and shear stress in starting shear flow. The interfacial contributions were analyzed for low and high volume fractions and varying surfactant activity. A transient viscoelastic contribution to the emulsion rheology under constant strain rate conditions was attributed to the interfacial stress. For droplet volume fractions below 0.3 and an average capillary number of about 0.25, highly elliptical droplets formed. Consistent with affine deformation models, gradual elongation of the droplets increased the shear stress at early times and reduced it at later times. Lower interfacial tension with increased surfactant activity counterbalanced the effect of increased interfacial area, and the net shear stress did not change significantly. For higher volume fractions, co-continuous phases with a complex topology were formed. The surfactant decreased the interfacial shear stress due mainly to advection of surfactant to higher curvature areas. Our results are in qualitative agreement with experimental data for polymer blends in terms of transient interfacial stresses and limited enhancement of the emulsion viscosity at larger volume fractions where the phases are co-continuous.

  6. Ensemble Asteroseismology of the Young Open Cluster NGC 2244

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aerts, Conny; Marcos-Arenal, Pablo; Moravveji, Ehsan; Degroote, Pieter; Papics, Peter; Tkachenko, Andrew; De Ridder, Joris; Briquet, Maryline; Thoul, Anne; Saesen, Sophie; Mowlavi, Nami; Barblan, Fabio; Neiner, Coralie; Pavlovski, Kresimir; Guzik, Joyce

    2013-01-01

    Our goal is to perform in-depth ensemble asteroseismology of the young open cluster NGC2244 with the 2-wheel Kepler mission. While the nominal Kepler mission already implied a revolution in stellar physics for solar-type stars and red giants, it was not possible to perform asteroseismic studies of massive OB stars because such targets were carefully avoided in the FoV in order not to disturb the exoplanet hunting. Now is an excellent time to fill this hole in mission capacity and to focus on the metal factories of the Universe, for which stellar evolution theory is least adequate. Our white paper aims to remedy major shortcomings in the theory of stellar structure and evolution of the most massive stars by focusing on a large ensemble of stars in a carefully selected young open cluster. Cluster asteroseismology of very young stars such as those of NGC2244 has the major advantage that all cluster stars have similar age, distance and initial chemical composition, implying drastic restrictions for the stellar mo...

  7. A photometric investigation of the young open cluster Trumpler 15

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carraro, G

    2002-01-01

    In this paper we present and analyze new CCD $UBVRI$ photometry down to $V\\approx$21 in the region of the young open cluster Trumpler~15, located in the Carina spiral feature. The cluster is rather compact and has a core radius of about 2$^{\\prime}$, which translates in about 1 pc at the distance of the cluster. We provide the first CCD investigation and update its fundamental parameters. We identify 90 candidate photometric members on the base of the position in the color-color and color-magnitude diagrams. This sample allows us to obtain a distance of 2.4$\\pm$0.3 kpc from the Sun and a reddening E$(B-V)$=0.52$\\pm0.07$. We confirm that the cluster is young, and fix a upper limit of 6 million yrs to its age . In addition, we draw the attention on the lower part of the Main Sequence (MS) suggesting that some stars can be in contracting phase and on a gap in the MS, that we show to be a real feature, the $B1-B5$ gap found in other young open clusters. We finally study in details the extinction toward Trumpler~1...

  8. NEW CANDIDATE ERUPTIVE YOUNG STARS IN LYNDS 1340

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kun, M.; Moór, A.; Szegedi-Elek, E. [Konkoly Observatory, H-1121 Budapest, Konkoly Thege út 15-17 (Hungary); Apai, D. [Department of Astronomy and Department of Planetary Sciences, The University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); O'Linger-Luscusk, J. [California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Avenue, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Stecklum, B. [Thüringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg, Sternwarte 5, D-07778 Tautenburg (Germany); Wolf-Chase, G., E-mail: kun@konkoly.hu [Astronomy Department, Adler Planetarium, 1300 South Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, IL 60605 (United States)

    2014-11-10

    We report on the discovery of three candidate eruptive young stars, found during our comprehensive multi-wavelength study of the young stellar population of the dark cloud L1340. These stars are as follows. (1) IRAS 02224+7227 (2MASS 02270555+7241167, HH 487S) exhibited FUor-like spectrum in our low-resolution optical spectra. The available photometric data restrict its luminosity to 23 L {sub ?} < L {sub bol} < 59 L {sub ?}. (2) 2MASS 02263797+7304575, identified as a classical T Tauri star during our H? survey, exhibited an EXor-type brightening in 2005 November at the time of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey observations of the region. (3) 2MASS 02325605+7246055, a low-mass embedded young star, associated with a fan-shaped infrared nebula, underwent an outburst between the DSS 1 and DSS 2 surveys, leading to the appearance of a faint optical nebula. Our [S II] and H? images, as well as the Spitzer Infrared Array Camera 4.5 ?m images, revealed Herbig-Haro objects associated with this star. Our results suggest that amplitudes and timescales of outbursts do not necessarily correlate with the evolutionary stage of the stars.

  9. Measurement of Inelastic J/# Production in Deep Inelastic Scattering at The study of # meson production processes started with their discovery in 1974. Ini

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    production processes started with their discovery in 1974. Ini­ tially proof of their existence was di

  10. Tokamak start-up with electron-cyclotron heating This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sprott, Julien Clinton

    Tokamak start-up with electron-cyclotron heating This article has been downloaded from IOPscience September 1979 Final manuscript received 6 August 1981) TOKAMAK START-UP WITH ELECTRON- CYCLOTRON HEATING D States of America) ABSTRACT. Experiments are described in which the start-up voltage in a tokamak

  11. Start-up fuel and power flattening of sodium-cooled candle core

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Takaki, Naoyuki; Sagawa, Yu; Umino, Akitake [Department of Nuclear Safety Engineering, Tokyo City University 1-28-1 Tamazutsumi, Setagaya, Tokyo 158-8557 (Japan); Sekimoto, Hiroshi [University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

    2013-07-01

    The hard neutron spectrum and unique power shape of CANDLE enable its distinctive performances such as achieving high burnup more than 30% and exempting necessity of both enrichment and reprocessing. On the other hand, they also cause several challenging problems. One is how the initial fuel can be prepared to start up the first CANDLE reactor because the equilibrium fuel composition that enables stable CANDLE burning is complex both in axial and radial directions. Another prominent problem is high radial power peaking factor that worsens averaged burnup, namely resource utilization factor in once-through mode and shorten the life time of structure materials. The purposes of this study are to solve these two problems. Several ideas for core configurations and startup fuel using single enrichment uranium and iron as a substitute of fission products are studied. As a result, it is found that low enriched uranium is applicable to ignite the core but all concepts examined here exceeded heat limits. Adjustment in enrichment and height of active and burnt zone is opened for future work. Sodium duct assemblies and thorium fuel assemblies loaded in the center region are studied as measures to reduce radial power peaking factor. Replacing 37 fuels by thorium fuel assemblies in the zeroth to third row provides well-balanced performance with flattened radial power distribution. The CANDLE core loaded with natural uranium in the outer and thorium in the center region achieved 35.6% of averaged burnup and 7.0 years of cladding life time owing to mitigated local fast neutron irradiation at the center. Using thorium with natural or depleted uranium in CANDLE reactor is also beneficial to diversifying fission resource and extending available term of fission energy without expansion of needs for enrichment and reprocessing.

  12. Influence of starting precursors and synthesis methods on the physiochemical properties of zirconia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaydhankar, T.R.; Jha, R.K.; Nikalje, M.D.; Waghmare, K.J.

    2014-07-01

    Graphical abstract: Crystallite size of tetragonal phase of the zirconia samples prepared using different synthesis parameters and precursors as a function of calcination temperature. Surface area values of the zirconia samples calcined at 500 and 700 °C are in given brackets. - Highlights: • Zirconia prepared with modified sol–gel method is less stable compared with zirconia prepared by precipitation method. • Optimized synthesis conditions shifted the glow exotherm to higher temperature range indicating better thermal stability. • Tetragonal-zirconia could be synthesized in cost-effective manner using zirconium oxy-nitrate. • In our studies no co-relation between the surface area and crystallite size was observed. - Abstract: Under identical and judiciously pre-optimized synthesis conditions, the influence of different combinations of zirconium sources and/or post treatment conditions on structural properties, thermal stability, phase composition and morphology of zirconia has been investigated. High surface area tetragonal zirconia could be synthesized in a cost-effective manner from 1 M solution of zirconium oxy-nitrate at pH 11 using aqueous ammonia solution as a precipitant when calcined at 400 °C for 3 h. Irrespective of the preparation method, pH and starting precursor, zirconia samples prepared without digestion contained dominant monoclinic phase with some traces of tetragonal phase when calcined at 700 °C. Even though there is linear decrease in surface area with increase in the crystallite size for each sample as a function of calcination temperature, no co-relation between the surface area and crystallite size could be achieved. SEM images show agglomerated and irregular shape particles between 10 to 20 ?m.

  13. Effect of the transverse nonuniformity of the radiofrequency field on the start current and efficiency of gyrodevices with confocal mirrors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nusinovich, Gregory S.; Chainani, Samir; Granatstein, Victor L. [Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742-3511 (United States)

    2008-10-15

    The theory is developed for analyzing the effect of transverse nonuniformity of the radiofrequency (rf) field on the starting conditions and efficiency of such gyrotron oscillators as gyromonotrons and gyro-backward-wave oscillators (gyro-BWO). The formalism allows one to study this effect in oscillators operating in the regimes of soft and hard self-excitation. Results obtained for a device with a confocal waveguide (or resonator) are compared with the results for conventional gyrodevices where the rf field acting on electrons with different guiding centers is the same. It is shown how to use results of the classical small-signal theory of backward-wave oscillators driven by linear electron beams for calculating the start currents in gyro-BWOs. The effect of the wave attenuation in waveguide walls on the start current is analyzed, which is important for the design of frequency-tunable gyro-backward-wave oscillators in the THz (and sub THz) frequency range.

  14. Effect of CNG start-gasoline run on emissions from a 3/4 ton pick-up truck

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Springer, K.J.; Smith, L.R.; Dickinson, A.G.

    1994-10-01

    This paper describes experiments to determine the effect on exhaust emissions of starting on compressed natural gas (CNG) and then switching to gasoline once the catalyst reaches operating temperature. Carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, and detailed exhaust hydrocarbon speciation data were obtained for dedicated CNG, then unleaded gasoline, and finally CNG start-gasoline run using the Federal Test Procedure at 24{degree}C and at -7{degree}C. The result was a reduction in emissions from the gasoline baseline, especially at -7{degree}C. It was estimated that CNG start - gasoline run resulted in a 71 percent reduction in potential ozone formation per mile. 3 refs., 6 figs., 11 tabs.

  15. Helical tomotherapy with dynamic running-start-stop delivery compared to conventional tomotherapy delivery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rong, Yi, E-mail: yi.rong@osumc.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Chen, Yu; Lu, Weiguo [21st Century Oncology, Madison, Wisconsin 53719 (United States)] [21st Century Oncology, Madison, Wisconsin 53719 (United States); Shang, Lu [Guangxi Polytechnic of Construction and Technology, Nanning (China)] [Guangxi Polytechnic of Construction and Technology, Nanning (China); Zuo, Li [Radiologic Sciences and Respiratory Therapy Division, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)] [Radiologic Sciences and Respiratory Therapy Division, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Chen, Quan [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904 (United States)

    2014-05-15

    Purpose: Despite superior target dose uniformity, helical tomotherapy{sup ®} (HT) may involve a trade-off between longitudinal dose conformity and beam-on time (BOT), due to the limitation of only three available jaw sizes with the conventional HT (1.0, 2.5, and 5.0 cm). The recently introduced dynamic running-start-stop (RSS) delivery allows smaller jaw opening at the superior and inferior ends of the target when a sharp penumbra is needed. This study compared the dosimetric performance of RSS delivery with the fixed jaw HT delivery. Methods: Twenty patient cases were selected and deidentified prior to treatment planning, including 16 common clinical cases (brain, head and neck (HN), lung, and prostate) and four special cases of whole brain with hippocampus avoidance (WBHA) that require a high degree of dose modulation. HT plans were generated for common clinical cases using the fixed 2.5 cm jaw width (HT2.5) and WBHA cases using 1.0 cm (HT1.0). The jaw widths for RSS were preset with a larger size (RSS5.0 vs HT2.5 and RSS2.5 vs HT1.0). Both delivery techniques were planned based on identical contours, prescriptions, and planning objectives. Dose indices for targets and critical organs were compared using dose-volume histograms, BOT, and monitor units. Results: The average BOT was reduced from 4.8 min with HT2.5 to 2.5 min with RSS5.0. Target dose homogeneity with RSS5.0 was shown comparable to HT2.5 for common clinical sites. Superior normal tissue sparing was observed in RSS5.0 for optic nerves and optic chiasm in brain and HN cases. RSS5.0 demonstrated improved dose sparing for cord and esophagus in lung cases, as well as penile bulb in prostate cases. The mean body dose was comparable for both techniques. For the WBHA cases, the target homogeneity was significantly degraded in RSS2.5 without distinct dose sparing for hippocampus, compared to HT1.0. Conclusions: Compared to the fixed jaw HT delivery, RSS combined with a larger jaw width provides faster treatment delivery and improved cranial-caudal target dose conformity. The target coverage achieved by RSS with a large jaw width is comparable to the fixed jaw HT delivery for common cancer sites, but may deteriorate for cases where complex geometry is present in the middle part of the target.

  16. Young County, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEtGeorgia:Illinois:WizardYates County, NewYorktown Heights, New York:Young

  17. Young Women's Conference in Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAboutXu Named| Princeton Plasma Physics Lab Programs Young

  18. Sandia Energy - Sandian Selected for Outstanding Young Engineer Award

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput AnalysisSinkhole OfficialsWork onand NaturalAppliedRecognized asYoung

  19. Dear APUNSC Member, This sheet is to help get you started in ski waxing. As you become more proficient and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scheel, David

    Dear APUNSC Member, This sheet is to help get you started in ski waxing. As you become more will need. This sheet includes the Swix waxes and tools that we use the most in Anchorage and Alaska. My in any condition. By using this sheet and attending our program wax clinics waxing should become a more

  20. DART's (Dallas Area Rapid Transit) LNG Bus Fleet Start-Up Experience (Alternative Fuel Transit Buses Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Battelle

    2000-06-30

    This report, based on interviews and site visits conducted in October 1999, describes the start-up activities of the DART liquefied natural gas program, identifying problem areas, highlighting successes, and capturing the lessons learned in DART's ongoing efforts to remain at the forefront of the transit industry.

  1. Abstract--With increasing international trade of secondary materials it is imperative to start including it in our analysis of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gutowski, Timothy

    materials that would otherwise be waste into valuable resources thereby saving on raw materials replacing raw materials in the same market), has in fact evolved into a complicated network involvingAbstract-- With increasing international trade of secondary materials it is imperative to start

  2. Self-Starting DC:DC Boost Converter for Low-Power and Low-Voltage Microbial Electric Generators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    such as microbial fuel cells and microbial desalination cells. The harvested power is 10mW under input voltage Vin=0 desalination. Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are the most common type of MEG. Researches on this subject started efficiency of 74% is achieved under realistic harvesting conditions. I. INTRODUCTION Microbial electric

  3. ENGINEERINGNEWS The start of the new year marks the perfect time to reflect on what the College has

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGaughey, Alan

    2 ENGINEERINGNEWS The start of the new year marks the perfect time to reflect on what the College, and entrepreneurship flourished. The CyLab Mobility Research Center and other centers at the West Coast campus have strengths with a special emphasis on programs focused on energy, environment, sustainability, and innovation

  4. UK Oil and Gas Collaborative Doctoral Training Centre (2015 start) PhD Projects at the University of Aberdeen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neri, Peter

    UK Oil and Gas Collaborative Doctoral Training Centre (2015 start) PhD Projectsst January 2015 Interviews to be held on Wednesday 4th March 2015. #12;UK Oil and Gas Collaborative of deformation in multi-layers for unconventionals (tight gas /shale gas) 2. Mature Basins 30%. Improved

  5. COMMUNICATIONS OF THE ACM June 2006/Vol. 49, No. 6 15 Let me start by paraphrasing another President's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    COMMUNICATIONS OF THE ACM June 2006/Vol. 49, No. 6 15 Let me start by paraphrasing another President's farewell address [1]: My fellow members of ACM: A few days from now, after two years in the ser- vice of ACM, I shall lay down the responsibilities of office as, in traditional and solemn ceremony

  6. Pgina Inicial Empresas Start-ups portuguesas mostram-se hoje a investidores suecos em Lisboa Empresas criadas em

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

    Energia Internacional O Governo quer cortar os salários também nas empresas públicas. Mas ao contrário do ano... LEIA TUDO Últimas Telecom Construção Energia Internacional | Empresas criadas em PortugalPágina Inicial Empresas Start-ups portuguesas mostram-se hoje a investidores suecos em Lisboa

  7. Start | Author Index 742-3 Rates and Mechanisms of Arsenite Oxidation by Nano-Mn(IV) Oxide Mineral Phases.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Donald L.

    Start | Author Index 742-3 Rates and Mechanisms of Arsenite Oxidation by Nano-Mn(IV) Oxide Mineral is thought to generally occur through either biologically or mineral-surface mediated Mn(II) oxidation. These two oxidation pathways result in the formation of nanometer-size Mn(IV) minerals. Compared

  8. 1920 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS, VOL. 40, NO. 4, JULY 2004 Improving the Starting Performance of Large

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mi, Chunting "Chris"

    of the starting system of the salient-pole synchronous machines in a pumping-generating plant. We focused of Large Salient-Pole Synchronous Machines Haran Karmaker, Senior Member, IEEE, and Chunting Mi, Senior of the generator/motor units. The predicted results from both the FEA model and the analytical model agree well

  9. DSC Logistics Internship/Coop Program DSC Logistics is currently starting an internship/coop program and is looking to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    DSC Logistics Internship/Coop Program DSC Logistics is currently starting an internship. Candidates with Supply Chain Management, Analytics, Transportation/Logistics, or Marketing Communications.stanley@dsclogistics.com. For more information about DSC visit www.dsclogistics.com. #12;DSC Logistics, a leading supply chain

  10. Getting Started: Go to Software.lbl.gov; scroll down (or page down) until you find Remedy Interactive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knowles, David William

    Getting Started: · Go to Software.lbl.gov; scroll down (or page down) until you find Remedy Setup Wizard will open and install the software...takes a few minutes · The Setup Wizard will walk you it up on your computer, check out RSIGuard in the A-Z Index (requires Powerpoint software). #12;

  11. How to Get Started in a 4-H Horse Project Written by: Sally Barney, Extension Specialist, 4-H Youth Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 How to Get Started in a 4-H Horse Project Written by: Sally Barney, Extension Specialist, 4-H Youth Development Reviewed and revised by Mary Davis, Program Coordinator Animal and Ag Science Welcome to an exploration of the 4-H horse project! This project can be a lot of fun, and it certainly involves a wide range

  12. Controlling the start of combustion on an HCCI Diesel engine Mathieu HILLION, Jonathan CHAUVIN, and Nicolas PETIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    injection system Fresh air EGR throttle cylinders Crankshaft Fig. 1. Scheme of a direct injection HCCI controllers, and aims at accurately controlling the start of combustion (soc). For that purpose, injection, fuel is injected and mixed to the compressed air and burned gas mixture. The fuel vaporizes and

  13. Start | Author Index 784-2 Molecular Mechanisms of Glutamic and Aspartic Acid Sorption to Oxyhydroxide Minerals.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Donald L.

    Start | Author Index 784-2 Molecular Mechanisms of Glutamic and Aspartic Acid Sorption of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218 Knowledge of amino acid, mineral dissolution, elemental cycling, and the origin of life. The amino acids, glutamic and aspartic

  14. A Multiphase Model for Cold Start of Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Leng Mao, Chao-Yang Wang,*,z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    interactions. The governing equations of mass, momentum, species, heat, and charge transport under coldA Multiphase Model for Cold Start of Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells Leng Mao, Chao-Yang Wang is presented to describe transport and electrochemical processes with ice formation during startup of polymer

  15. About Armstrong Coal Company In just a few short years, Armstrong Coal has grown from a start-up

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Kathleen

    About Armstrong Coal Company In just a few short years, Armstrong Coal has grown from a start-up to one of the leading producers of steam coal in the Illinois Basin. The company specializes in providing custom-blended coal to meet the needs of electric power plants throughout the region. Controlling

  16. Generic relation between the electron work function and Young's modulus of metals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hua Guomin; Li Dongyang [Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2V4 (Canada)

    2011-07-25

    In this study, efforts were made to establish a generic relation between the Young's modulus and the electron work function of polycrystalline metals, in which Young's Modulus was defined as the second order derivative of interaction potential with respect to the equilibrium distance. The obtained Young's modulus shows a sextic relation with the work function. Data of Young's modulus and work function of polycrystalline metals, including Alkali earth metals, transition metals, and rare earth metals, can be fitted reasonably well by this derived generic relationship.

  17. iScreening Young Children for Lead Poisoning Foreword..........................................................................................v

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    iScreening Young Children for Lead Poisoning Contents Foreword Advisory Committee on Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention 1. Childhood Lead Poisoning in the United States

  18. Review of Research on Vulnerable Young people and Their Transitions to Independent Living 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elsley, Susan; Backett-Milburn, Kathryn; Jamieson, Lynn

    A research review focusing on young people who have been looked after at home and those who have been looked after and accommodated by Local Authorities.

  19. Review of Research on Vulnerable Young People and Their Transitions to Independent Living 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elsley, Susan; Backett-Milburn, Kathryn; Jamieson, Lynn

    A research review focusing on young people who have been looked after at home and those who have been looked after and accommodated by Local Authorities.

  20. Risky Business: Sex-work and Young Southeast Asian American Women in Oakland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    U, Nicol

    2008-01-01

    Press. ——— (b). 2001. Sex Crimes, Predators, Perpetrators,treat and “protect” young sex-workers as “victims”, how isfalling into the business of sex-work. References Bromberg,

  1. UV Radiation Fields Produced by Young Embedded Star Clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Fatuzzo; F. C. Adams

    2007-12-20

    A large fraction of stars form within young embedded clusters, and these environments produce a substantial ultraviolet (UV) background radiation field, which can provide feedback on the star formation process. To assess the possible effects of young stellar clusters on the formation of their constituent stars and planets, this paper constructs the expected radiation fields produced by these clusters. We include both the observed distribution of cluster sizes $N$ in the solar neighborhood and an extended distribution that includes clusters with larger $N$. The paper presents distributions of the FUV and EUV luminosities for clusters with given stellar membership $N$, distributions of FUV and EUV luminosity convolved over the expected distribution of cluster sizes $N$, and the corresponding distributions of FUV and EUV fluxes. These flux distributions are calculated both with and without the effects of extinction. Finally, we consider the effects of variations in the stellar initial mass function on these radiation fields. Taken together, these results specify the distributions of radiation environments that forming solar systems are expected to experience.

  2. NEW YOUNG STAR CANDIDATES IN BRC 27 AND BRC 34

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rebull, L. M.; Laher, R.; Legassie, M.; Gibbs, J. C.; Aryal, S.; Canakapalli, T. S.; Linahan, M.; Ezyk, N.; Fagan, J.; Sartore, D.; Badura, K. S.; Armstrong, J. D.; Allen, L. E.; McGehee, P.; and others

    2013-01-01

    We used archival Spitzer Space Telescope mid-infrared data to search for young stellar objects (YSOs) in the immediate vicinity of two bright-rimmed clouds, BRC 27 (part of CMa R1) and BRC 34 (part of the IC 1396 complex). These regions both appear to be actively forming young stars, perhaps triggered by the proximate OB stars. In BRC 27, we find clear infrared excesses around 22 of the 26 YSOs or YSO candidates identified in the literature, and identify 16 new YSO candidates that appear to have IR excesses. In BRC 34, the one literature-identified YSO has an IR excess, and we suggest 13 new YSO candidates in this region, including a new Class I object. Considering the entire ensemble, both BRCs are likely of comparable ages, within the uncertainties of small number statistics and without spectroscopy to confirm or refute the YSO candidates. Similarly, no clear conclusions can yet be drawn about any possible age gradients that may be present across the BRCs.

  3. The young active star SAO 51891 (V383 Lac)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biazzo, Katia; Marilli, Ettore; Covino, Elvira; Alcala', Juan M; Cakirli, Omur; Klutsch, Alexis; Meyer, Michael R

    2009-01-01

    Our aim is investigating surface inhomogeneities of the young late-type star SAO51891, from photosphere to upper chromosphere, analyzing contemporaneous high-resolution spectra and broad-band photometry. The FOCES@CAHA spectral range is used to determine spectral classification and derive vsini and Vrad. The Li abundance is measured to estimate the age. The BVRIJHKs bands are used to construct the SED. The variations of our BV fluxes and Teff are used to infer the presence of photospheric spots and observe their behavior over time. The chromospheric activity is studied applying the spectral subtraction technique to Halpha, CaII H&K, Heps, and CaII IRT lines. We find SAO51891 to be a young K0-1V star with Li abundance close to the Pleiades upper envelope, confirming its youth (~100 Myr), also inferred from its kinematical membership to the Local Association. We detect no IR excess from SED analysis, and rotational modulation of luminosity, Teff, CaII, and Heps total fluxes. A spot model with two active reg...

  4. START-GAP3/DLC3 is a GAP for RhoA and Cdc42 and is localized in focal adhesions regulating cell morphology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kawai, Katsuhisa; Kiyota, Minoru; Seike, Junichi; Deki, Yuko [Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, Harima Science Garden City, Hyogo-ken 678-1297 (Japan); Yagisawa, Hitoshi [Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, Harima Science Garden City, Hyogo-ken 678-1297 (Japan)], E-mail: yagisawa@sci.u-hyogo.ac.jp

    2007-12-28

    In the human genome there are three genes encoding RhoGAPs that contain the START (steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR)-related lipid transfer)-domain. START-GAP3/DLC3 is a tumor suppressor gene similar to two other human START-GAPs known as DLC1 or DLC2. Although expression of START-GAP3/DLC3 inhibits the proliferation of cancer cells, its molecular function is not well understood. In this study we carried out biochemical characterization of START-GAP3/DLC3, and explored the effects of its expression on cell morphology and intracellular localization. We found that START-GAP3/DLC3 serves as a stimulator of PLC{delta}1 and as a GAP for both RhoA and Cdc42 in vitro. Moreover, we found that the GAP activity is responsible for morphological changes. The intracellular localization of endogenous START-GAP3/DLC3 was explored by immunocytochemistry and was revealed in focal adhesions. These results indicate that START-GAP3/DLC3 has characteristics similar to other START-GAPs and the START-GAP family seems to share common characteristics.

  5. Lessons learned from an installation perspective for chemical demilitarization plant start-up at four operating incineration sites.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Motz, L.; Decision and Information Sciences

    2011-02-21

    This study presents the lessons learned by chemical storage installations as they prepared for the start of chemical demilitarization plant operations at the four current chemical incinerator sites in Alabama, Arkansas, Oregon, and Utah. The study included interviews with persons associated with the process and collection of available documents prepared at each site. The goal was to provide useful information for the chemical weapons storage sites in Colorado and Kentucky that will be going through plant start-up in the next few years. The study is not a compendium of what to do and what not to do. The information has been categorized into ten lessons learned; each is discussed individually. Documents that may be useful to the Colorado and Kentucky sites are included in the appendices. This study should be used as a basis for planning and training.

  6. The use of dimethyl ether as a starting aid for methanol-fueled SI engines at low temperatures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kozole, K.H.; Wallace, J.S

    1988-01-01

    Methanol-fueled SI engines have proven to be difficult to start at ambient temperatures below approximately 10/sup 0/C. The use of dimethyl ether (DME) is proposed to improve the cold starting performance of methanol-fueled SI engines. Tests to evaluate this idea were carried out with a modified single-cylinder CFR research engine having a compression ratio of 12:1. The engine was fueled with combinations of gaseous dimethyl ether and liquid methanol having DME mass fractions of 30%, 40%, 60% and 70%. For comparison, tests were also carried out with 100% methanol and with winter grade premium unleaded gasoline. Overall stoichiometric mixtures were used in all tests.

  7. Let It Snow! (Simplified Chord Progression) Oh, the weather outside is frightful, Starts in Key of G

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowler, Mark

    Let It Snow! (Simplified Chord Progression) G D7 G Oh, the weather outside is frightful, Starts in Key of G G D7 But the fire is so delightful, Am E7 Am And since we've no place to go, D7 G Let it snow, let it snow, let it snow. G D7 G It doesn't show signs of stopping, G D7 And I brought some corn

  8. IBM XL C/C++ Enterprise Edition V8.0 for AIX Getting Started with XL C/C++

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    IBM XL C/C++ Enterprise Edition V8.0 for AIX Getting Started with XL C/C++ SC09-7997-00 #12;#12;IBM "Notices" on page 37. First Edition (September 2005) This edition applies to IBM® XL C/C++ Enterprise indicated in new editions. Make sure you are using the correct edition for the level of the product. IBM

  9. IBM XL C/C++ Advanced Edition V8.0 for Linux Getting Started with XL C/C++

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    IBM XL C/C++ Advanced Edition V8.0 for Linux Getting Started with XL C/C++ SC09-8015-00 #12;#12;IBM "Notices" on page 35. First Edition (September 2005) This edition applies to IBM® XL C/C++ Advanced Edition indicated in new editions. Make sure you are using the correct edition for the level of the product. IBM

  10. Start-to-end beam dynamics simulation of double triangular current profile generation in Argonne Wakefield Accelerator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ha, G.; Power, J.; Kim, S. H.; Gai, W.; Kim, K.-J.; Cho, M. H.; Namkung, W. [POSTECH, Pohang, Gyeongbuk, 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); POSTECH, Pohang, Gyeongbuk, 790-784 (Korea, Republic of) and Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); POSTECH, Pohang, Gyeongbuk, 790-784 (Korea, Republic of) and Pohang Accelerator Laboratory, Pohang, Gyeongbuk, 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Pohang Accelerator Laboratory, Pohang, Gyeongbuk, 790-784 (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-12-21

    Double triangular current profile (DT) gives a high transformer ratio which is the determining factor of the performance of collinear wakefield accelerator. This current profile can be generated using the emittance exchange (EEX) beam line. Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (AWA) facility plans to generate DT using the EEX beam line. We conducted start-to-end simulation for the AWA beam line using PARMELA code. Also, we discuss requirements of beam parameters for the generation of DT.

  11. PII S0016-7037(98)00211-7 The young age of Earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Youxue

    PII S0016-7037(98)00211-7 The young age of Earth YOUXUE ZHANG* Department of Geological Sciences form June 8, 1998) Abstract--Patterson (1956) established that the age of Earth is close, disagreement is abundant, and the young age of Earth has not been widely accepted. In this work, I examine all

  12. Course Profile: Programming and Services for Children and Young Adults Course Number: LIS 7250

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berdichevsky, Victor

    Course Profile: Programming and Services for Children and Young Adults Course Number: LIS 7250 with children and young adults in public libraries there is a need for skill in the development of programming adults. Course Objectives: To provide an understanding of age-specific services, program planning

  13. SYNTHETIC SPECTRA AND COLORS OF YOUNG GIANT PLANET ATMOSPHERES: EFFECTS OF INITIAL CONDITIONS AND ATMOSPHERIC METALLICITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , as giant planets should be warmest, largest, and brightest when they are young, but will cool, contractSYNTHETIC SPECTRA AND COLORS OF YOUNG GIANT PLANET ATMOSPHERES: EFFECTS OF INITIAL CONDITIONS 2008 March 17; accepted 2008 May 7 ABSTRACT We examine the spectra and infrared colors of the cool

  14. Skin Cancer: A Young Person's Disease By Lauren Duffy (B.S. Communication, Journalism '14)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Skin Cancer: A Young Person's Disease By Lauren Duffy (B.S. Communication, Journalism '14 is that this behavior is extremely unhealthy and risky for their bodies, specifically their skin. Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer found in young adults and second most common cancer found in adolescents

  15. Brigham Young University Geology Studies Volume 23, Part 3-October 1976

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    #12;Brigham Young University Geology Studies Volume 23, Part 3-October 1976 Contents A Well ........................................................ E. Blair Maxfield 67 Publications and Maps of the Geology Department ............................ 163 #12;A publication of the Department of Geology Brigham Young University Provo, Utah 84602 Edltor W

  16. The effect of shot noise on the start up of the fundamental and harmonics in free-electron lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Freund, H. P.; Miner, W. H. Jr.; Giannessi, L.

    2008-12-15

    The problem of radiation start up in free-electron lasers (FELs) is important in the simulation of virtually all FEL configurations including oscillators and amplifiers in both seeded master oscillator power amplifier (MOPA) and self-amplified spontaneous emission (SASE) modes. Both oscillators and SASE FELs start up from spontaneous emission due to shot noise on the electron beam, which arises from the random fluctuations in the phase distribution of the electrons. The injected power in a MOPA is usually large enough to overwhelm the shot noise. However, this noise must be treated correctly in order to model the initial start up of the harmonics. In this paper, we discuss and compare two different shot noise models that are implemented in both one-dimensional wiggler-averaged (PERSEO) and non-wiggler-averaged (MEDUSA1D) simulation codes, and a three-dimensional non-wiggler-averaged (MEDUSA) formulation. These models are compared for examples describing both SASE and MOPA configurations in one dimension, in steady-state, and time-dependent simulations. Remarkable agreement is found between PERSEO and MEDUSA1D for the evolution of the fundamental and harmonics. In addition, three-dimensional correction factors have been included in the MEDUSA1D and PERSEO, which show reasonable agreement with MEDUSA for a sample MOPA in steady-state and time-dependent simulations.

  17. Cold-Start Performance and Emissions Behavior of Alcohol Fuels in an SIDI Engine Using Transient Hardware-In-Loop Test Meth

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Discusses results of cold- and hot-start transient tests using gasoline and 3 alcohol-gasoline blends (50% and 85% ethanol, and 83% iso-butanol)

  18. The young stellar population in M17 revealed by Chandra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick S. Broos; Eric D. Feigelson; Leisa K. Townsley; Konstantin V. Getman; Junfeng Wang; Gordon P. Garmire; Zhibo Jiang; Yohko Tsuboi

    2006-12-20

    We report here results from a Chandra ACIS observation of the stellar populations in and around the Messier 17 H II region. The field reveals 886 sources, 771 of which have stellar counterparts in infrared images. In addition to comprehensive tables of X-ray source properties, several results are presented: * The X-ray Luminosity Function is calibrated to that of the Orion Nebula Cluster population to infer a total population of roughly 8000--10,000 stars * About 40% of the ACIS sources are heavily obscured with A_V > 10 mag. Some are concentrated around well-studied star-forming regions but most are distributed across the field. X-ray emission is detected from 64 of the hundreds of Class I protostar candidates that can be identified by near- and mid-infrared colors. These constitute the most likely protostar candidates known in M17. * The spatial distribution of X-ray stars is complex: we find a new embedded cluster, a 2 pc-long arc of young stars along the southwest edge of the M17 H II region, and 0.1 pc substructure within various populations. These structures may indicate that the populations are dynamically young. * All (14/14) of the known O stars but only about half (19/34) of the known B0--B3 stars in the M17 field are detected. Six of these stars exhibit very hard thermal plasma components (kT>4 keV) that may be due to colliding wind binaries. More than 100 candidate new OB stars are found, including 28 X-ray detected intermediate- and high-mass protostar candidates with infrared excesses. * Only a small fraction (perhaps 10%) of X-ray selected high- and intermediate- mass stars exhibit K-band emitting protoplanetary disks, providing further evidence that inner disks evolve very rapidly around more massive stars.

  19. International Workshop of Young Doctors in Geomechanics -W(H)YDOC 08 Pereira, De Gennaro & Delage (eds) 2008, Ecole des Ponts ParisTech, Champs-sur-Marne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    3 rd International Workshop of Young Doctors in Geomechanics - W(H)YDOC 08 Pereira, De Gennaro of young doctors in geomechanics,

  20. International Workshop of Young Doctors in Geomechanics -W(H)YDOC 08 Pereira, De Gennaro & Delage (eds) 2008, Ecole des Ponts ParisTech, Champs-sur-Marne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    3 rd International Workshop of Young Doctors in Geomechanics - W(H)YDOC 08 Pereira, De Gennaro of young doctors in geomechanics

  1. Young's modulus of electroplated Ni thin film for MEMS applications J.K. Luoa,*, A.J. Flewitta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleck, Norman A.

    to a less dense coating. D 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Young's modulus; ElectroplatedYoung's modulus of electroplated Ni thin film for MEMS applications J.K. Luoa,*, A.J. Flewitta , S online 28 April 2004 Abstract The Young's modulus of an electroplated nickel (Ni) thin film suitable

  2. A fast hybrid start-up process for thermally self-sustained catalytic n-butane reforming in micro-SOFC power plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daraio, Chiara

    A fast hybrid start-up process for thermally self-sustained catalytic n-butane reforming in micro at the investigation and optimization of a hybrid start-up process for a self-sustained reactor for n-butane to syngas

  3. Synchronous motor with soft start element formed between the motor rotor and motor output shaft to successfully synchronize loads that have high inertia and/or high torque

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Umans, Stephen D; Nisley, Donald L; Melfi, Michael J

    2014-10-28

    A line-start synchronous motor has a housing, a rotor shaft, and an output shaft. A soft-start coupling portion is operatively coupled to the output shaft and the rotor shaft. The soft-start coupling portion is configurable to enable the synchronous motor to obtain synchronous operation and to drive, at least near synchronous speed during normal steady state operation of the motor, a load having characteristics sufficient to prevent obtaining normal synchronous operation of the motor when the motor is operatively connected to the load in the absence of the soft-start coupling. The synchronous motor is sufficiently rated to obtain synchronous operation and to drive, at least near synchronous speed during normal steady state operation of the motor, a load having characteristics sufficient to prevent obtaining normal synchronous operation of the motor when the motor is operatively connected to the load in the absence of the soft-start coupling.

  4. 238U Decay Series Systematics Of Young Lavas From Batur Volcano, Sunda Arc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand Dalton Jump to:Wylie,Information Skord, Et Al.,2050Limits,Energy|

  5. Biopsy Specimens Obtained 7 Days After Starting Chemoradiotherapy (CRT) Provide Reliable Predictors of Response to CRT for Rectal Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suzuki, Toshiyuki [Department of Surgery, Tokai University School of Medicine, Kanagawa (Japan)] [Department of Surgery, Tokai University School of Medicine, Kanagawa (Japan); Sadahiro, Sotaro, E-mail: sadahiro@is.icc.u-tokai.ac.jp [Department of Surgery, Tokai University School of Medicine, Kanagawa (Japan)] [Department of Surgery, Tokai University School of Medicine, Kanagawa (Japan); Tanaka, Akira; Okada, Kazutake; Kamata, Hiroko; Kamijo, Akemi [Department of Surgery, Tokai University School of Medicine, Kanagawa (Japan)] [Department of Surgery, Tokai University School of Medicine, Kanagawa (Japan); Murayama, Chieko [Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Tokai University School of Medicine, Kanagawa (Japan)] [Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Tokai University School of Medicine, Kanagawa (Japan); Akiba, Takeshi; Kawada, Shuichi [Department of Radiology, Tokai University School of Medicine, Kanagawa (Japan)] [Department of Radiology, Tokai University School of Medicine, Kanagawa (Japan)

    2013-04-01

    Purpose: Preoperative chemoradiation therapy (CRT) significantly decreases local recurrence in locally advanced rectal cancer. Various biomarkers in biopsy specimens obtained before CRT have been proposed as predictors of response. However, reliable biomarkers remain to be established. Methods and Materials: The study group comprised 101 consecutive patients with locally advanced rectal cancer who received preoperative CRT with oral uracil/tegafur (UFT) or S-1. We evaluated histologic findings on hematoxylin and eosin (H and E) staining and immunohistochemical expressions of Ki67, p53, p21, and apoptosis in biopsy specimens obtained before CRT and 7 days after starting CRT. These findings were contrasted with the histologic response and the degree of tumor shrinkage. Results: In biopsy specimens obtained before CRT, histologic marked regression according to the Japanese Classification of Colorectal Carcinoma (JCCC) criteria and the degree of tumor shrinkage on barium enema examination (BE) were significantly greater in patients with p21-positive tumors than in those with p21-negative tumors (P=.04 and P<.01, respectively). In biopsy specimens obtained 7 days after starting CRT, pathologic complete response, histologic marked regression according to both the tumor regression criteria and JCCC criteria, and T downstaging were significantly greater in patients with apoptosis-positive and p21-positive tumors than in those with apoptosis-negative (P<.01, P=.02, P=.01, and P<.01, respectively) or p21-negative tumors (P=.03, P<.01, P<.01, and P=.02, respectively). The degree of tumor shrinkage on both BE as well as MRI was significantly greater in patients with apoptosis-positive and with p21-positive tumors than in those with apoptosis-negative or p21-negative tumors, respectively. Histologic changes in H and E-stained biopsy specimens 7 days after starting CRT significantly correlated with pathologic complete response and marked regression on both JCCC and tumor regression criteria, as well as with tumor shrinkage on BE and MRI (P<.01, P<.01, P<.01, P<.01, and P=.03, respectively). Conclusions: Immunohistochemical expressions of p21 and apoptosis together with histologic changes on H and E-stained biopsy specimens obtained 7 days after starting CRT are strong predictors of the response to CRT.

  6. CRADA (AL-C-2009-02) Final Report: Phase I. Lanthanum-based Start Materials for Hydride Batteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gschneidner, Jr., Karl; Schmidt, Frederick; Frerichs, A.E.; Ament, Katherine A.

    2013-05-01

    The purpose of Phase I of this work is to focus on developing a La-based start material for making nickel-metal (lanthanum)-hydride batteries based on our carbothermic-silicon process. The goal is to develop a protocol for the manufacture of (La{sub 1-x}R{sub x})(Ni{sub 1-y}M{sub y})(Si{sub z}), where R is a rare earth metal and M is a non-rare earth metal, to be utilized as the negative electrode in nickel-metal hydride (NiMH) rechargeable batteries.

  7. Possible contribution of low shear modulus C?? to the low Young’s modulus of Ti-36Nb-5Zr alloy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meng, Qingkun; Guo, Shun; Ren, Xiaobing; Xu, Huibin; Zhao, Xinqing

    2014-09-29

    Despite the importance of single-crystal elastic constants of ?-phase titanium alloys in understanding their low Young's modulus—a property crucial for many applications, such data are often difficult to obtain when the alloy composition is close to the instability limit of the ? phase, where the presence of ?" martensite precludes the fabrication of ?-phase single crystal. In the present study, we extracted the single-crystal elastic constants of such a ?-phase titanium alloy with low Young's modulus, Ti-36Nb-5Zr (wt. %), from polycrystalline specimens by using an in-situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction technique. It is indicated that the low Young's modulus of the alloy originates from the anomalously low shear modulus C?? as well as the low shear modulus C', which is different from a common viewpoint that the Young's modulus of ?-phase titanium alloys is dominantly controlled by the C'. This suggests that low C?? is an important contributor to low Young's modulus for instable ?-phase titanium alloys.

  8. The use Na, Li, K cations for modification of ZSM-5 zewolite to control hydrocarbon cold-start emission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Golubeva V.; Rohatgi U.; Korableva, A.; Anischenko, O.; Kustov, L.; Nissenbaum, V; Viola, M.B.

    2012-08-29

    This paper addresses the problem of controlling hydrocarbon emissions from cold-start of engines by investigating the adsorbents which could adsorb the hydrocarbons at cold temperatures and hold them to 250-300 ?. The materials, that has been studied, are based on the modification of ZSM-5 (SiO{sub 2}/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} = 35) zeolite with Li, K, Na cations. It has been shown that the introduction of Li, Na and K in an amount that is equivalent to the content of Al in zeolite results in occurrence of toluene temperature desorption peaks at high-temperatures. The toluene temperature desorption curves for 5%Li-ZSM-5 and 2.3%Na-ZSM-5 zeolites are identical and have peak toluene desorption rate between 200 to 400 ?. Upon analysis of toluene adsorption isotherms for 2.3%Na-ZSM-5 and 5%Li-ZSM-5, it was concluded that the toluene diffusion inside of the modified zeolites channels is extremely slow and the sorption capacity of 2.3%Na-ZSM-5 is higher than with 5%Li-ZSM-5. The 2.3%Na-ZSM-5 didn't change toluene temperature programmed desorption (TPD) rate of curve after the treatment in environment with 10% ?{sub 2}? at 750-800 ? for about 28 h. The 2.3%Na-ZSM-5 zeolite is very promising as adsorbent to control the cold-start hydrocarbon emissions.

  9. Spastin subcellular localization is regulated through usage of different translation start sites and active export from the nucleus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Claudiani, Pamela [Telethon Institute of Genetics and Medicine (TIGEM), via P. Castellino 111, 80131 Naples (Italy); Riano, Elena [Telethon Institute of Genetics and Medicine (TIGEM), via P. Castellino 111, 80131 Naples (Italy); Errico, Alessia [Telethon Institute of Genetics and Medicine (TIGEM), via P. Castellino 111, 80131 Naples (Italy); Andolfi, Gennaro [Telethon Institute of Genetics and Medicine (TIGEM), via P. Castellino 111, 80131 Naples (Italy); Rugarli, Elena I. [Telethon Institute of Genetics and Medicine (TIGEM), via P. Castellino 111, 80131 Naples, (Italy)]. E-mail: rugarli@tigem.it

    2005-10-01

    Most cases of autosomal-dominant hereditary spastic paraplegia are linked to mutations in SPG4 encoding spastin, a protein involved in microtubule dynamics and membrane trafficking. In pyramidal neurons of the motor cortex and in immortalized motor neurons, spastin is localized to the synaptic terminals and growth cones. However, in other neurons and in proliferating cells spastin is prevalently nuclear. The mechanisms that determine targeting of spastin to the nucleus or the cytoplasm are unknown. We show here that the SPG4 mRNA is able to direct synthesis of two spastin isoforms, 68 and 60 kDa, respectively, through usage of two different translational start sites. Both isoforms are imported into the nucleus, but the 68-kDa isoform contains two nuclear export signals that efficiently drive export to the cytoplasm. Nuclear export is leptomycin-B sensitive. The cytoplasmic 68-kDa spastin isoform is more abundant in the brain and the spinal cord than in other tissues. Our data indicate that spastin function is modulated through usage of alternative translational start sites and active nuclear import and export, and open new perspectives for the pathogenesis of hereditary spastic paraplegia.

  10. Investigation of Diesel combustion using multiple injection strategies for idling after cold start of passenger-car engines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Payri, F.; Broatch, A.; Salavert, J.M.; Martin, J.

    2010-10-15

    A comprehensive investigation was carried out in order to better understand the combustion behaviour in a low compression ratio DI Diesel engine when multiple injection strategies are applied just after the engine cold starts in low temperature conditions (idling). More specifically, the aim of this study was twofold: on one hand, to understand the effect of the multiple injection strategies on the indicated mean effective pressure; on the other hand, to contribute to the understanding of combustion stability characterized by the coefficient of variation of indicated mean effective pressure. The first objective was fulfilled by analyzing the rate of heat release obtained by in-cylinder pressure diagnosis. The results showed that the timing of the pilot injection closest to the main injection was the most influential parameter based on the behaviour of the rate of heat release (regardless of the multiple injection strategy applied). For the second objective, the combustion stability was found to be correlated with the combustion centroid angle. The results showed a trend between them and the existence of a range of centroid angles where the combustion stability is strong enough. In addition, it was also evident that convenient split injection allows shifting the centroid to such a zone and improves combustion stability after start. (author)

  11. Searches for continuous gravitational waves from nine young supernova remnants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aasi, J; Abbott, R; Abbott, T; Abernathy, M R; Acernese, F; Ackley, K; Adams, C; Adams, T; Addesso, P; Adhikari, R X; Adya, V; Affeldt, C; Agathos, M; Agatsuma, K; Aggarwal, N; Aguiar, O D; Ain, A; Ajith, P; Alemic, A; Allen, B; Allocca, A; Amariutei, D; Anderson, S B; Anderson, W G; Arai, K; Araya, M C; Arceneaux, C; Areeda, J S; Ast, S; Aston, S M; Astone, P; Aufmuth, P; Aulbert, C; Aylott, B E; Babak, S; Baker, P T; Baldaccini, F; Ballardin, G; Ballmer, S W; Barayoga, J C; Barbet, M; Barclay, S; Barish, B C; Barker, D; Barone, F; Barr, B; Barsotti, L; Barsuglia, M; Bartlett, J; Barton, M A; Bartos, I; Bassiri, R; Basti, A; Batch, J C; Bauer, Th S; Baune, C; Bavigadda, V; Behnke, B; Bejger, M; Belczynski, C; Bell, A S; Bell, C; Benacquista, M; Bergman, J; Bergmann, G; Berry, C P L; Bersanetti, D; Bertolini, A; Betzwieser, J; Bhagwat, S; Bhandare, R; Bilenko, I A; Billingsley, G; Birch, J; Biscans, S; Bitossi, M; Biwer, C; Bizouard, M A; Blackburn, J K; Blackburn, L; Blair, C D; Blair, D; Bloemen, S; Bock, O; Bodiya, T P; Boer, M; Bogaert, G; Bojtos, P; Bond, C; Bondu, F; Bonelli, L; Bonnand, R; Bork, R; Born, M; Boschi, V; Bose, Sukanta; Bradaschia, C; Brady, P R; Braginsky, V B; Branchesi, M; Brau, J E; Briant, T; Bridges, D O; Brillet, A; Brinkmann, M; Brisson, V; Brooks, A F; Brown, D A; Brown, D D; Brown, N M; Buchman, S; Buikema, A; Bulik, T; Bulten, H J; Buonanno, A; Buskulic, D; Buy, C; Cadonati, L; Cagnoli, G; Bustillo, J Calderón; Calloni, E; Camp, J B; Cannon, K C; Cao, J; Capano, C D; Carbognani, F; Caride, S; Caudill, S; Cavaglià, M; Cavalier, F; Cavalieri, R; Cella, G; Cepeda, C; Cesarini, E; Chakraborty, R; Chalermsongsak, T; Chamberlin, S J; Chao, S; Charlton, P; Chassande-Mottin, E; Chen, Y; Chincarini, A; Chiummo, A; Cho, H S; Cho, M; Chow, J H; Christensen, N; Chu, Q; Chua, S; Chung, S; Ciani, G; Clara, F; Clark, J A; Cleva, F; Coccia, E; Cohadon, P -F; Colla, A; Collette, C; Colombini, M; Cominsky, L; Constancio,, M; Conte, A; Cook, D; Corbitt, T R; Cornish, N; Corsi, A; Costa, C A; Coughlin, M W; Coulon, J -P; Countryman, S; Couvares, P; Coward, D M; Cowart, M J; Coyne, D C; Coyne, R; Craig, K; Creighton, J D E; Creighton, T D; Cripe, J; Crowder, S G; Cumming, A; Cunningham, L; Cuoco, E; Cutler, C; Dahl, K; Canton, T Dal; Damjanic, M; Danilishin, S L; D'Antonio, S; Danzmann, K; Dartez, L; Dattilo, V; Dave, I; Daveloza, H; Davier, M; Davies, G S; Daw, E J; Day, R; DeBra, D; Debreczeni, G; Degallaix, J; De Laurentis, M; Deléglise, S; Del Pozzo, W; Denker, T; Dent, T; Dereli, H; Dergachev, V; De Rosa, R; DeRosa, R T; DeSalvo, R; Dhurandhar, S; Díaz, M; Di Fiore, L; Di Lieto, A; Di Palma, I; Di Virgilio, A; Dojcinoski, G; Dolique, V; Dominguez, E; Donovan, F; Dooley, K L; Doravari, S; Douglas, R; Downes, T P; Drago, M; Driggers, J C; Du, Z; Ducrot, M; Dwyer, S; Eberle, T; Edo, T; Edwards, M; Effler, A; Eggenstein, H -B; Ehrens, P; Eichholz, J; Eikenberry, S S; Essick, R; Etzel, T; Evans, M; Evans, T; Factourovich, M; Fafone, V; Fairhurst, S; Fan, X; Fang, Q; Farinon, S; Farr, B; Farr, W M; Favata, M; Fays, M; Fehrmann, H; Fejer, M M; Feldbaum, D; Ferrante, I; Ferreira, E C; Ferrini, F; Fidecaro, F; Fiori, I; Fisher, R P; Flaminio, R; Fournier, J -D; Franco, S; Frasca, S; Frasconi, F; Frei, Z; Freise, A; Frey, R; Fricke, T T; Fritschel, P; Frolov, V V; Fuentes-Tapia, S; Fulda, P; Fyffe, M; Gair, J R; Gammaitoni, L; Gaonkar, S; Garufi, F; Gatto, A; Gehrels, N; Gemme, G; Gendre, B; Genin, E; Gennai, A; Gergely, L Á; Ghosh, S; Giaime, J A; Giardina, K D; Giazotto, A; Gleason, J; Goetz, E; Goetz, R; Gondan, L; González, G; Gordon, N; Gorodetsky, M L; Gossan, S; Goßler, S; Gouaty, R; Gräf, C; Graff, P B; Granata, M; Grant, A; Gras, S; Gray, C; Greenhalgh, R J S; Gretarsson, A M; Groot, P; Grote, H; Grunewald, S; Guidi, G M; Guido, C J; Guo, X; Gushwa, K; Gustafson, E K; Gustafson, R; Hacker, J; Hall, E D; Hammond, G; Hanke, M; Hanks, J; Hanna, C; Hannam, M D; Hanson, J; Hardwick, T; Harms, J; Harry, G M; Harry, I W; Hart, M; Hartman, M T; Haster, C -J; Haughian, K; Hee, S; Heidmann, A; Heintze, M; Heinzel, G; Heitmann, H; Hello, P; Hemming, G; Hendry, M; Heng, I S; Heptonstall, A W; Heurs, M; Hewitson, M; Hild, S; Hoak, D; Hodge, K A; Hofman, D; Hollitt, S E; Holt, K; Hopkins, P; Hosken, D J; Hough, J; Houston, E; Howell, E J; Hu, Y M; Huerta, E; Hughey, B; Husa, S; Huttner, S H; Huynh, M; Huynh-Dinh, T; Idrisy, A; Indik, N; Ingram, D R; Inta, R; Islas, G; Isler, J C; Isogai, T; Iyer, B R; Izumi, K; Jacobson, M; Jang, H; Jaranowski, P; Jawahar, S; Ji, Y; Jiménez-Forteza, F; Johnson, W W; Jones, D I; Jones, R; Jonker, R J G; Ju, L; K, Haris; Kalogera, V; Kandhasamy, S; Kang, G; Kanner, J B; Kasprzack, M; Katsavounidis, E; Katzman, W; Kaufer, H; Kaufer, S; Kaur, T; Kawabe, K; Kawazoe, F; Kéfélian, F; Keiser, G M; Keitel, D; Kelley, D B; Kells, W; Keppel, D G; Key, J S; Khalaidovski, A

    2014-01-01

    We describe directed searches for continuous gravitational waves in data from the sixth LIGO science data run. The targets were nine young supernova remnants not associated with pulsars; eight of the remnants are associated with non-pulsing suspected neutron stars. One target's parameters are uncertain enough to warrant two searches, for a total of ten. Each search covered a broad band of frequencies and first and second frequency derivatives for a fixed sky direction. The searches coherently integrated data from the two LIGO interferometers over time spans from 5.3-25.3 days using the matched-filtering F-statistic. We found no credible gravitational-wave signals. We set 95% confidence upper limits as strong (low) as $4\\times10^{-25}$ on intrinsic strain, $2\\times10^{-7}$ on fiducial ellipticity, and $4\\times10^{-5}$ on r-mode amplitude. These beat the indirect limits from energy conservation and are within the range of theoretical predictions for neutron-star ellipticities and r-mode amplitudes.

  12. Photon Bubbles in the Circumstellar Envelopes of Young Massive Stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. J. Turner; E. Quataert; H. W. Yorke

    2007-01-28

    We show that the optically-thick dusty envelopes surrounding young high-mass stars are subject to the photon bubble instability. The infrared radiation passing through the envelope amplifies magnetosonic disturbances, with growth rates in our local numerical radiation MHD calculations that are consistent with a linear analysis. Modes with wavelengths comparable to the gas pressure scale height grow by more than two orders of magnitude in a thousand years, reaching non-linear amplitudes within the envelope lifetime. If the magnetic pressure in the envelope exceeds the gas pressure, the instability develops into trains of propagating shocks. Radiation escapes readily through the low-density material between the shocks, enabling accretion to continue despite the Eddington limit imposed by the dust opacity. The supersonic motions arising from the photon bubble instability can help explain the large velocity dispersions of hot molecular cores, while conditions in the shocked gas are suitable for maser emission. We conclude that the photon bubble instability may play a key role in the formation of massive stars.

  13. Do you know the extinction in your young massive cluster?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Marchi, Guido; Sabbi, Elena

    2015-01-01

    Up to ages of ~100 Myr, massive clusters are still swamped in large amounts of gas and dust, with considerable and uneven levels of extinction. At the same time, large grains (ices?) produced by type II supernovae profoundly alter the interstellar medium (ISM), thus resulting in extinction properties very different from those of the diffuse ISM. To obtain physically meaningful parameters of stars, from basic luminosities and effective temperatures to masses and ages, we must understand and measure the local extinction law. This problem affects all the massive young clusters discussed in his volume. We have developed a powerful method to unambiguously determine the extinction law in an uniform way across a cluster field, using multi-band photometry of red giant stars belonging to the red clump (RC). In the Large Magellanic Cloud, with about 20 RC stars per arcmin^2, we can easily derive a solid and self-consistent absolute extinction curve over the entire wavelength range of the photometry. Here, we present th...

  14. Lyman-break galaxies are they young spheroids?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matteucci, F

    2002-01-01

    We have compared the results from a model for the chemical evolution of an elliptical galaxy with initial luminous mass of 2x10^10 M_sun and effective radius of 2 kpc with the recent abundance determinations for the Lyman-break galaxy MS 1512-cB58 at a redshift z=2.7276. After correcting the iron abundance determination for the presence of dust we concluded that the observed [Si/Fe], [Mg/Fe], [N/Fe] are consistent with our model when a galactic age between 20 and 35 Myr is assumed. Moreover, the [N/O] ratio also suggests the same age. This age is in very good agreement with other independent studies based on the analysis of the spectral energy distribution suggesting that this object is younger than 35 Myr. Therefore, we suggest that MS 1512-cB58 is a truly young normal elliptical galaxy experiencing its main episode of star formation and galactic wind.

  15. Searches for continuous gravitational waves from nine young supernova remnants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Aasi; B. P. Abbott; R. Abbott; T. Abbott; M. R. Abernathy; F. Acernese; K. Ackley; C. Adams; T. Adams; T. Adams; P. Addesso; R. X. Adhikari; V. Adya; C. Affeldt; M. Agathos; K. Agatsuma; N. Aggarwal; O. D. Aguiar; A. Ain; P. Ajith; A. Alemic; B. Allen; A. Allocca; D. Amariutei; S. B. Anderson; W. G. Anderson; K. Arai; M. C. Araya; C. Arceneaux; J. S. Areeda; S. Ast; S. M. Aston; P. Astone; P. Aufmuth; C. Aulbert; B. E. Aylott; S. Babak; P. T. Baker; F. Baldaccini; G. Ballardin; S. W. Ballmer; J. C. Barayoga; M. Barbet; S. Barclay; B. C. Barish; D. Barker; F. Barone; B. Barr; L. Barsotti; M. Barsuglia; J. Bartlett; M. A. Barton; I. Bartos; R. Bassiri; A. Basti; J. C. Batch; Th. S. Bauer; C. Baune; V. Bavigadda; B. Behnke; M. Bejger; C. Belczynski; A. S. Bell; C. Bell; M. Benacquista; J. Bergman; G. Bergmann; C. P. L. Berry; D. Bersanetti; A. Bertolini; J. Betzwieser; S. Bhagwat; R. Bhandare; I. A. Bilenko; G. Billingsley; J. Birch; S. Biscans; M. Bitossi; C. Biwer; M. A. Bizouard; J. K. Blackburn; L. Blackburn; C. D. Blair; D. Blair; S. Bloemen; O. Bock; T. P. Bodiya; M. Boer; G. Bogaert; P. Bojtos; C. Bond; F. Bondu; L. Bonelli; R. Bonnand; R. Bork; M. Born; V. Boschi; Sukanta Bose; C. Bradaschia; P. R. Brady; V. B. Braginsky; M. Branchesi; J. E. Brau; T. Briant; D. O. Bridges; A. Brillet; M. Brinkmann; V. Brisson; A. F. Brooks; D. A. Brown; D. D. Brown; N. M. Brown; S. Buchman; A. Buikema; T. Bulik; H. J. Bulten; A. Buonanno; D. Buskulic; C. Buy; L. Cadonati; G. Cagnoli; J. Calderón Bustillo; E. Calloni; J. B. Camp; K. C. Cannon; J. Cao; C. D. Capano; F. Carbognani; S. Caride; S. Caudill; M. Cavaglià; F. Cavalier; R. Cavalieri; G. Cella; C. Cepeda; E. Cesarini; R. Chakraborty; T. Chalermsongsak; S. J. Chamberlin; S. Chao; P. Charlton; E. Chassande-Mottin; Y. Chen; A. Chincarini; A. Chiummo; H. S. Cho; M. Cho; J. H. Chow; N. Christensen; Q. Chu; S. Chua; S. Chung; G. Ciani; F. Clara; J. A. Clark; F. Cleva; E. Coccia; P. -F. Cohadon; A. Colla; C. Collette; M. Colombini; L. Cominsky; M. Constancio, Jr.; A. Conte; D. Cook; T. R. Corbitt; N. Cornish; A. Corsi; C. A. Costa; M. W. Coughlin; J. -P. Coulon; S. Countryman; P. Couvares; D. M. Coward; M. J. Cowart; D. C. Coyne; R. Coyne; K. Craig; J. D. E. Creighton; T. D. Creighton; J. Cripe; S. G. Crowder; A. Cumming; L. Cunningham; E. Cuoco; C. Cutler; K. Dahl; T. Dal Canton; M. Damjanic; S. L. Danilishin; S. D'Antonio; K. Danzmann; L. Dartez; V. Dattilo; I. Dave; H. Daveloza; M. Davier; G. S. Davies; E. J. Daw; R. Day; D. DeBra; G. Debreczeni; J. Degallaix; M. De Laurentis; S. Deléglise; W. Del Pozzo; T. Denker; T. Dent; H. Dereli; V. Dergachev; R. De Rosa; R. T. DeRosa; R. DeSalvo; S. Dhurandhar; M. Díaz; L. Di Fiore; A. Di Lieto; I. Di Palma; A. Di Virgilio; G. Dojcinoski; V. Dolique; E. Dominguez; F. Donovan; K. L. Dooley; S. Doravari; R. Douglas; T. P. Downes; M. Drago; J. C. Driggers; Z. Du; M. Ducrot; S. Dwyer; T. Eberle; T. Edo; M. Edwards; M. Edwards; A. Effler; H. -B. Eggenstein; P. Ehrens; J. Eichholz; S. S. Eikenberry; R. Essick; T. Etzel; M. Evans; T. Evans; M. Factourovich; V. Fafone; S. Fairhurst; X. Fan; Q. Fang; S. Farinon; B. Farr; W. M. Farr; M. Favata; M. Fays; H. Fehrmann; M. M. Fejer; D. Feldbaum; I. Ferrante; E. C. Ferreira; F. Ferrini; F. Fidecaro; I. Fiori; R. P. Fisher; R. Flaminio; J. -D. Fournier; S. Franco; S. Frasca; F. Frasconi; Z. Frei; A. Freise; R. Frey; T. T. Fricke; P. Fritschel; V. V. Frolov; S. Fuentes-Tapia; P. Fulda; M. Fyffe; J. R. Gair; L. Gammaitoni; S. Gaonkar; F. Garufi; A. Gatto; N. Gehrels; G. Gemme; B. Gendre; E. Genin; A. Gennai; L. Á. Gergely; S. Ghosh; J. A. Giaime; K. D. Giardina; A. Giazotto; J. Gleason; E. Goetz; R. Goetz; L. Gondan; G. González; N. Gordon; M. L. Gorodetsky; S. Gossan; S. Goßler; R. Gouaty; C. Gräf; P. B. Graff; M. Granata; A. Grant; S. Gras; C. Gray; R. J. S. Greenhalgh; A. M. Gretarsson; P. Groot; H. Grote; S. Grunewald; G. M. Guidi; C. J. Guido; X. Guo; K. Gushwa; E. K. Gustafson; R. Gustafson; J. Hacker; E. D. Hall; G. Hammond; M. Hanke; J. Hanks; C. Hanna; M. D. Hannam; J. Hanson; T. Hardwick; J. Harms; G. M. Harry; I. W. Harry; M. Hart; M. T. Hartman; C. -J. Haster; K. Haughian; S. Hee; A. Heidmann; M. Heintze; G. Heinzel; H. Heitmann; P. Hello; G. Hemming; M. Hendry; I. S. Heng; A. W. Heptonstall; M. Heurs; M. Hewitson; S. Hild; D. Hoak; K. A. Hodge; D. Hofman; S. E. Hollitt; K. Holt; P. Hopkins; D. J. Hosken; J. Hough; E. Houston; E. J. Howell; Y. M. Hu; E. Huerta; B. Hughey; S. Husa; S. H. Huttner; M. Huynh; T. Huynh-Dinh; A. Idrisy; N. Indik; D. R. Ingram; R. Inta; G. Islas; J. C. Isler; T. Isogai; B. R. Iyer; K. Izumi; M. Jacobson; H. Jang; P. Jaranowski; S. Jawahar; Y. Ji; F. Jiménez-Forteza; W. W. Johnson; D. I. Jones; R. Jones; R. J. G. Jonker; L. Ju; Haris K; V. Kalogera; S. Kandhasamy; G. Kang; J. B. Kanner; M. Kasprzack; E. Katsavounidis; W. Katzman

    2014-12-18

    We describe directed searches for continuous gravitational waves in data from the sixth LIGO science data run. The targets were nine young supernova remnants not associated with pulsars; eight of the remnants are associated with non-pulsing suspected neutron stars. One target's parameters are uncertain enough to warrant two searches, for a total of ten. Each search covered a broad band of frequencies and first and second frequency derivatives for a fixed sky direction. The searches coherently integrated data from the two LIGO interferometers over time spans from 5.3-25.3 days using the matched-filtering F-statistic. We found no credible gravitational-wave signals. We set 95% confidence upper limits as strong (low) as $4\\times10^{-25}$ on intrinsic strain, $2\\times10^{-7}$ on fiducial ellipticity, and $4\\times10^{-5}$ on r-mode amplitude. These beat the indirect limits from energy conservation and are within the range of theoretical predictions for neutron-star ellipticities and r-mode amplitudes.

  16. Mass Segregation in Young LMC Clusters I. NGC 2157

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philippe Fischer; Carlton Pryor; Stephen Murray; Mario Mateo; Tom Richtler

    1997-10-31

    We have carried out WFPC2 V- and I-band imaging of the young LMC cluster NGC 2157. Construction of a color-magnitude diagram and isochrone fitting yields an age of tau = 100 000 000 yrs, a reddening E(B-V) = 0.1 and a distance modulus of 18.4 mag. Our data covers the mass range 0.75 < m < 5.1 solar masses. We find that the cluster mass function changes significantly from the inner regions to the outer regions, becoming steeper (larger number of low mass stars relative to high mass stars) at larger radii. The age of NGC 2157 is comparable to its two-body relaxation timescale only in the cluster core. The observed steepening of the mass function at larger radii is therefore most likely an initial condition of the cluster stars. Such initial conditions are predicted in models of cluster star formation in which dissipative processes act more strongly upon more massive stars.

  17. Interaction of Infall and Winds in Young Stellar Objects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Delamarter; A. Frank; L. Hartmann

    1999-10-14

    The interaction of a stellar or disk wind with a collapsing environment holds promise for explaining a variety of outflow phenomena observed around young stars. In this paper we present the first simulations of these interactions. The focus here is on exploring how ram pressure balance between wind and ambient gas and post-shock cooling affects the shape of the resulting outflows. In our models we explore the role of ram pressure and cooling by holding the wind speed constant and adjusting the ratio of the inflow mass flux to the wind mass flux (Mdot_a/Mdot_w) Assuming non-spherical cloud collapse, we find that relatively strong winds can carve out wide, conical outflow cavities and that relatively weak winds can be strongly collimated into jet-like structures. If the winds become weak enough, they can be cut off entirely by the infalling environment. We identify discrepancies between results from standard snowplow models and those presented here that have important implications for molecular outflows. We also present mass vs. velocity curves for comparison with observations.

  18. Parenting style and older children's and young adolescents' dietary intake and nutritional status 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Mi Jeong

    2007-09-17

    neglected. The present study examined whether perceived parenting style and its dimensions are associated with older children�s/young adolescents� health outcomes, including self-concept, eating behaviors, physical activity behaviors, energy...

  19. Tracking Reading: Dual Task Costs of Oral Reading for Young Versus Older Adults

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemper, Susan; Bontempo, Daniel; Schmalzried, RaLynn Cheri; McKedy, Whitney; Tagliaferri, Bruno; Kieweg, Doug

    2014-02-01

    A digital pursuit rotor was used to monitor oral reading costs by time-locking tracking performance to the auditory wave form produced as young and older adults were reading out short paragraphs. Multilevel modeling was ...

  20. Queering young adult literature: examining sexual minorities in contemporary realistic fiction 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wickens, Corrine Marie

    2009-05-15

    Fiction that incorporates gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, or questioning of heterosexuality itself (GLBTQ) themes and characters has been noted among the most widely censored novels for young adults (ALA, 2007; Finnessy, ...