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Sample records for journal electrochemical society

  1. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 147 (2) 427-434 (2000) 427 S0013-4651(99)06-102-9 CCC: $7.00 The Electrochemical Society, Inc.

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    Weidner, John W.

    2000-01-01

    fluid dynamics (CFD) techniques in conjunc- tion with experimentation for fundamental battery research.00 © The Electrochemical Society, Inc. This paper is a continuation of the recent series of work to ex- plore computational thermal behavior. Other model- ing efforts employed concentrated solution theory and porous elec- trode

  2. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 162 (3) A373-A377 (2015) A373 0013-4651/2015/162(3)/A373/5/$31.00 The Electrochemical Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sottos, Nancy R.

    2015-01-01

    /5/$31.00 © The Electrochemical Society Electropolymerization of Microencapsulated 3-hexylthiophene for Lithium-Ion Battery stable up to 300C, and electrochemically stable in a Li-ion battery electrolyte. Mechanical rupture recently as life-extending additives for Li-ion batteries.10,11 The 3-HT monomer forms a stable, conductive

  3. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 160 (6) F487-F495 (2013) F487 0013-4651/2013/160(6)/F487/9/$31.00 The Electrochemical Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandlikar, Satish

    2013-01-01

    /9/$31.00 © The Electrochemical Society Effect of Channel Material on Water Droplet Dynamics in a PEMFC Gas Channel Preethi/s), GDL types and channel wall materials which are commercially used in PEMFCs for automotive applications and the overall performance of proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). Understanding water droplet growth

  4. Zelenay named Electrochemical Society Fellow

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLos Alamos verifies largestnamed Electrochemical Society Fellow June

  5. Optimization Journals, Sites, Societies - Optimization Online

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    Optimization related societies. Mathematical Optimization Society · SIAM · INFORMS. Optimization related journals. Mathematical Programming and ...

  6. Zelenay wins Electrochemical Society's Research Award

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorkingLos Alamos verifies largestnamed Electrochemical Society Fellow

  7. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 158 (12) A1461-A1477 (2011) A1461 0013-4651/2011/158(12)/A1461/17/$28.00 The Electrochemical Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Venkat

    2011-01-01

    the behavior of a 1-D battery sub- ject to isothermal conditions. This is a system of ten partial differential Reformulation and Simulation of Electrochemical-Thermal Behavior of Lithium-Ion Battery Stacks Paul W. C-isothermal lithium-ion pseudo 2-D battery model. The transformed model is then conveniently discretized using

  8. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 162 (1) H65-H71 (2015) H65 Enhancing Majority Carrier Transport in WO3 Water Oxidation

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    Osterloh, Frank

    2015-01-01

    Transport in WO3 Water Oxidation Photoanode via Electrochemical Doping Jing Zhao, Everardo Olide, and Frank for monoclinic tungsten trioxide (WO3) particulate photoanodes. Electrochemical impedance and improved electron transport. Minority carrier extraction can be increased by reducing the WO3 particle size

  9. Journal of the London Mathematical Society (JLMS) Owned by: London Mathematical Society

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    Abrahams, I. David

    Journal of the London Mathematical Society (JLMS) Owned by: London Mathematical Society Published: The Journal is a hybrid journal with two options: 1. Standard access with paid subscription 2. Paid open: This journal is compliant with the Research Councils of the United Kingdom (RCUK) Policy on Open Access under

  10. JOURNAL OF THE WORLD AQUACULTURE SOCIETY

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    JOURNAL OF THE WORLD AQUACULTURE SOCIETY Vol. 41, No. S1 February, 2010 Twin Screw Extrusion, soybean oil, vitamin and mineral mix). The blends were moisture balanced to 15% db, then extruded that contained 20 and 27.5% DDGS had the highest durability and sinking velocity values. Extrusion cooking

  11. Journal of Topology (JTOP) Owned by: London Mathematical Society

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    Abrahams, I. David

    Journal of Topology (JTOP) Owned by: London Mathematical Society Published by: London Mathematical of publishing licence: Transfer of copyright (see sample form). Publishing model: The Journal of Topology is a hybrid journal with two options: 1. Standard access with paid subscription 2. Paid open access PAID OPEN

  12. Journal of the Geological Society doi: 10.1144/0016-76492011-007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haszeldine, Stuart

    Journal of the Geological Society doi: 10.1144/0016-76492011-007 2011; v. 168; p. 1285-1295Journal or part of this articlehereclick Subscribe Collection to subscribe to Journal of the Geological Society #12;Journal of the Geological Society, London, Vol. 168, 2011, pp. 1285­1295. doi: 10

  13. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 161 (11) F3065-F3071 (2014) F3065 JES FOCUS ISSUE ON MECHANO-ELECTRO-CHEMICAL COUPLING IN ENERGY RELATED MATERIALS AND DEVICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Craig B.

    2014-01-01

    to be taken into account in coupled mechano-electrochemical models for lithium-ion batteries. © The Author in Energy Related Materials and Devices. During the operation of a lithium ion battery, in addition to elec

  14. Supplementary material (ESI) for Journal of Materials Chemistry This journal is The Royal Society of Chemistry 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mather, Patrick T.

    Supplementary material (ESI) for Journal of Materials Chemistry This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2008 Supporting Information Shape Memory Polymers with Built-In Threshold Temperature Sensors Jill;Supplementary material (ESI) for Journal of Materials Chemistry This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry

  15. Journal of the Geological Society doi: 10.1144/gsjgs.150.5.0823

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torsvik, Trond Helge

    Journal of the Geological Society doi: 10.1144/gsjgs.150.5.0823 1993; v. 150; p. 823-831Journal of this articlehereclick Subscribe Collection to subscribe to Journal of the Geological Society or the Lyellhereclick Notes on January 23, 2012Downloaded by © Geological Society of London 1993 #12;Journalof the Geological

  16. The Electrochemical Society Interface Summer 2010 37 n recent years, energy research has

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    Subramanian, Venkat

    the development and implementation of cost effective solar-based technologies and energy-storage technologiesThe Electrochemical Society Interface · Summer 2010 37 I n recent years, energy research has had. The development of next-generation bio- fuels from plant-based sources will require a systems approach to account

  17. Transactions of the London Mathematical Society An LMS open access journal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Transactions of the London Mathematical Society An LMS open access journal As part of its ongoing strategy for its publications, the LMS is launching an open access journal, the Transactions of the London with it in all its forms. The journal will be on an exact par with the Bulletin, Journal and Proceedings

  18. LMS Journal of Computation and Mathematics (JCM) Owned by: London Mathematical Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    St Andrews, University of

    LMS Journal of Computation and Mathematics (JCM) Owned by: London Mathematical Society Published by of publishing licence: Exclusive licence (see sample form) Publishing model: The LMS Journal of Computation and Mathematics is a free online journal. RCUK compliance: This journal is compliant with the Research Councils

  19. Supplementary Material (ESI) for Journal of Materials Chemistry This journal is (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry 2011

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    Demir, Hilmi Volkan

    Supplementary Material (ESI) for Journal of Materials Chemistry This journal is (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry 2011 Bifunctional Highly Fluorescent Hollow Porous Microspheres Made of BaMoO4:Pr3*b, c, d and Xiao Wei Sun*b, e a Key Lab of Rare Earth Functional Materials, Department of Chemistry

  20. Journal of Animal Ecology 2008, 77, 275284 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2656.2007.01336.x 2007 The Authors. Journal compilation 2007 British Ecological Society

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    Journal of Animal Ecology 2008, 77, 275­284 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2656.2007.01336.x © 2007 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2007 British Ecological Society Blackwell Publishing Ltd Biotic disturbance

  1. The Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra. A publication of the International Linear Algebra Society.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grudsky, Sergei

    The Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra. A publication of the International Linear Algebra Society. Introduction and main results. Let lp n 1 p 1 be the linear space C n with the lp norm, kxkp = X j jxjjp 1=p

  2. Soil Science Society of America Journal Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.

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    Larson, Kristine

    Soil Science Society of America Journal Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. doi:10.2136/sssaj2013.03.0093 Received 8 Mar. 2013. *Corresponding author (tyson.ochsner@okstate.edu). © Soil Science Society of America. State of the Art in Large-Scale Soil Moisture Monitoring Review & Analysis--Soil Physics T he science

  3. Journal of the Korean Physical Society, Vol. 59, No. 2, August 2011, pp. 17451748 Molybdenum and Zirconium Neutron Total Cross Section Measurements in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danon, Yaron

    Journal of the Korean Physical Society, Vol. 59, No. 2, August 2011, pp. 17451748 Molybdenum;-1746- Journal of the Korean Physical Society, Vol. 59, No. 2, August 2011 Fig. 2. Experimental setup showing

  4. Journal of Ecology 2008, 96, 903913 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2008.01419.x 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation 2008 British Ecological Society

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    Potvin, Catherine

    Journal of Ecology 2008, 96, 903­913 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2008.01419.x © 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2008 British Ecological Society Blackwell Publishing Ltd Partitioning the effects.potvin@mcgill.ca #12;904 C. Healy, N. J. Gotelli & C. Potvin © 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2008 British

  5. Journal of Animal Ecology 2008, 77, 558564 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2656.2007.01353.x 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation 2008 British Ecological Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clayton, Dale H.

    Journal of Animal Ecology 2008, 77, 558­564 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2656.2007.01353.x © 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2008 British Ecological Society Blackwell Publishing Ltd Host defence. Journal of Animal Ecology (2007) doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2656.2007.0@@@@.x Introduction Interspecific

  6. 3516 J. Electrochem. Soc., Vol. 141, No. 12, December 1994 9 The Electrochemical Society, Inc. i. S.P. Murarka, J. Steigerwald, and R. J. Gutmann, MRS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    , Pittsburgh, PA (1994). 9. M. Pourbaix, Atlas of Electrochemical Equilibria in Aqueous Solutions, p. 384, NACE

  7. Reprinted from Journal of the Optical Society of America B Limit of Doppler cooling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dalibard, Jean

    Reprinted from Journal of the Optical Society of America B Limit of Doppler cooling Y. Castin, H Laser cooling of free atoms is a technique that has been widely investigated both theoretically and experimentally during the past severalyears. The simplest cooling mecha- nism is the so-called Doppler cooling

  8. This journal is c The Royal Society of Chemistry 2010 Integr. Biol. Microfluidics for bacterial chemotaxisw

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    Shimizu, Tom

    This journal is c The Royal Society of Chemistry 2010 Integr. Biol. Microfluidics for bacterial 2010 DOI: 10.1039/c0ib00049c Microfluidics is revolutionizing the way we study the motile behavior system to understand how cells and organisms sense and respond to gradients. Using microfluidics to study

  9. Soil Science Society of America Journal Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 78:310

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    Soil Science Society of America Journal Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 78:3­10 doi:10.2136/sssaj2013.07.0287dgs Received 17 July 2013. *Corresponding author (david.myrold@oregonstate.edu). © Soil Science by the publisher. The Potential of Metagenomic Approaches for Understanding Soil Microbial Processes The11th

  10. Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Journal of the European Ceramic Society 28 (2008) 15271534

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    Gopalan, Venkatraman

    2008-01-01

    Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Journal of the European Ceramic Society 28 (2008) 1527J/mol) in pure YAG is lower than that of grain growth (946 kJ/mol) which is unusual in ceramic systems ceramics for armor, optical, and laser applications. Coble of General Electric (GE) reported "transparent

  11. Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Journal of the European Ceramic Society 28 (2008) 24592462

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Jennifer M.

    2008-01-01

    Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Journal of the European Ceramic Society 28 (2008) 2459 29 April 2008 Abstract The mechanical properties of steatite ceramics after high of enstatite in quenched materials or at high temperature during the fabrication of the steatite-type ceramics

  12. Journal of the European Ceramic Society 26 (2006) 28612865 Correlation between infrared, THz and microwave dielectric

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    KuÂ?el, Petr

    2006-01-01

    Journal of the European Ceramic Society 26 (2006) 2861­2865 Correlation between infrared, THz and infrared (IR) reflectivity spectra of orthorhombic microwave (MW) ceramics Bi(Nb1-xVx)O4 (0.002 ) frequency region in the last decade. This tech- nique uses ceramic dielectric resonators and filters

  13. Journal of Nematology 29 (4) :538-546. 1997. The Society of Nematologists 1997.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Decoteau, Dennis R.

    /plant and grown over black, white, or red plastic mulch in both spring and fall. Soil temperatures were lower are treated routinely with a soil fumigant to suppress root-knot nematodes and enhance yields. Plastic mulchesJournal of Nematology 29 (4) :538-546. 1997. © The Society of Nematologists 1997. Colored Mulches

  14. ABOUT THE JOURNAL The official journal of the Art Libraries Society of North

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    Mateo, Jill M.

    curatorship, digital image management, visual arts technology, art publishing, and related areas. The journal

  15. Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 40, No. 3, pp. 403407, 2006 Copyright 2006 Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles

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    Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 40, No. 3, pp. 403­407, 2006 Copyright 2006 Society for the Study Author. E-mail: ryanmonello@ mizzou.edu SHORTER COMMUNICATIONS 403 #12;exotic competitors. Understanding

  16. This journal is The Royal Society of Chemistry 2015 Chem. Soc. Rev. Cite this:DOI: 10.1039/c5cs00025d

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    Zhao, Huimin

    This journal is ©The Royal Society of Chemistry 2015 Chem. Soc. Rev. Cite this:DOI: 10.1039/c5cs of Illinois at Urbana and Champaign. She has published 11 papers in peer-reviewed inter- national journals

  17. Journal of the Geological Society, London, Vol. 154, 1997, pp. 747751, 2 figs, 1 table. Printed in Great Britain Discussion on aluminium loss during sandstone diagenesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haszeldine, Stuart

    Journal of the Geological Society, London, Vol. 154, 1997, pp. 747­751, 2 figs, 1 table. Printed in Great Britain Discussion on aluminium loss during sandstone diagenesis Journal, Vol. 153, 1996, pp. 657

  18. Journal of the Korean Physical Society, Vol. 55, No. 4, October 2009, pp. 13891393 Measurements of the Neutron Scattering Spectrum from 238

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danon, Yaron

    Journal of the Korean Physical Society, Vol. 55, No. 4, October 2009, pp. 13891393 Measurements electron current of 60 µA . The pulsed electron beam im- -1389- #12;-1390- Journal of the Korean Physical

  19. Subscriber access provided by RICE UNIV Journal of the American Chemical Society is published by the American Chemical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brooks, Philip R.

    Subscriber access provided by RICE UNIV Journal of the American Chemical Society is published by the American Chemical Society. 1155 Sixteenth Street N.W., Washington, DC 20036 Threshold Effects in Electron` Rice Quantum Institute, Rice University, Houston, Texas 77251 Received September 30, 1994@ Abstract

  20. Int. J. Electrochem. Sci., 8 (2013) 859 -871 International Journal of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    acceleration or inhibition of localized corrosion [1-4]. One of the most damaging microorganisms in pipelines.electrochemsci.org Electrochemical Characterization of Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion on Linepipe Steel Exposed techniques were used to investigate the microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) of API 5L X52 linepipe

  1. J. Electrochem. Soc., Vol. 142, No. 11, November 1995 9 The Electrochemical Society, Inc. 3815 Q = In [c~a+ ~ ~ ~ -in io -RT ~ [5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weidner, John W.

    to be attractive for treating low level nuclear wastes. The development of a simple divided electrochemical-cell model operating in a batch mode, used for the reduction of nitrates and nitrites from nuclear wastes to the above proce- dure is 1.49 mA/cm 2,which ismore than an order of magni- tude lower than that of copper

  2. Subscriber access provided by UNIV OF NEW HAMPSHIRE Journal of the American Chemical Society is published by the American Chemical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dokmeci, Mehmet

    Subscriber access provided by UNIV OF NEW HAMPSHIRE Journal of the American Chemical SocietyGruer, and Glen P. Miller*, Department of Chemistry and Materials Science Program, UniVersity of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire 03824-3598, and Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Northeastern Uni

  3. 0016-7622/yy-vv-n-000/$ 1.00 GEOL. SOC. INDIA JOURNAL GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA

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    Chappell, Nick A

    0016-7622/yy-vv-n-000/$ 1.00 © GEOL. SOC. INDIA JOURNAL GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA Vol.nn, mon yyyy, pp. Statistical Modelling of Rainfall and River Flow in Thailand K. BOOCHABUN 1 , W. TYCH 2 , N and discharge and their spatial distribution. Statistical patterns in the frequency of extreme rainfall and flow

  4. Exhaustive matching of dental x-rays 1 Journal of the Canadian Society of Forensic Science, 41(3), 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orchard, Jeffery J.

    identification. KEYWORDS: forensic science, odontology, human identification, dental radiographs, image matchingExhaustive matching of dental x-rays 1 Journal of the Canadian Society of Forensic Science, 41(3), 2008 Exhaustive Matching of Dental X-rays for Human Forensic Identification* Maja Omanovic and Jeff J

  5. Electronic structural and electrochemical properties of lithium...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Journal Article: Electronic structural and electrochemical properties of lithium zirconates and their capabilities of CO2 capture: A first-principles density-functional theory and...

  6. THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 516 : 335341, 1999 May 1 1999. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Kenneth

    THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 516 : 335È341, 1999 May 1 1999. The American Astronomical Society. All at arbitrary inclina­ tions (Whitney & Hartmann 1992 ; Fischer, Henning, & Yorke 1994). While much e+ort has

  7. THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 516:335341, 1999 May 1 1999. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A.(

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Kenneth

    THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 516:335È341, 1999 May 1 1999. The American Astronomical Society. All at arbitrary inclina- tions (Whitney & Hartmann 1992; Fischer, Henning, & Yorke 1994). While much eort has been

  8. Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, Vol. 87, No. 3, pp. 403--421, 2009. 403 DOI:10.2151/jmsj.87.403

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pu, Zhaoxia

    Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, Vol. 87, No. 3, pp. 403--421, 2009. 403 DOI:10.2151/jmsj.87.403 Sensitivity of Numerical Simulations of the Early Rapid Intensification of Hurricane Emily

  9. Int. J. Electrochem. Sci., 7 [2012] 12633 -12645 International Journal of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Guozhong

    , thin film. 1. INTRODUCTION The rapid development of our mobile and technology driven society over], respectively, with a good cyclic stability. Keywords: Carbon content, LiFePO4, Lithium ion battery, cathode recent years, has raised strong requirements for thin film lithium ion batteries with reduced dimensions

  10. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 147 (12) 4507-4511 (2000) 4507 S0013-4651(99)09-102-8 CCC: $7.00 The Electrochemical Society, Inc.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Popov, Branko N.

    2000-01-01

    not completely eliminate the hydrogen- cracking hazard while electroplating of certain materials represents used as a corrosion resistant coating on hard steel for various applications.9 Zamanzadeh et al.10 that can be achieved with these coatings. Previously our group13-18 has devised a variety

  11. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 146 (3) 1197-1202 (1999) 1197 S0013-4651(98)01-060-X CCC: $7.00 The Electrochemical Society, Inc.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cincinnati, University of

    1999-01-01

    - vestigated over the last few years. Initial work was done by chemi- cal vapor deposition (CVD) using separate precursors for Si and C. Powell et al.1 used SiH4 and propane to grow single-crystalline SiC on Si at 1360 C2 and C2H2 by low-pressure CVD (LPCVD) at a temperature of 1000 C. An alternative approach has been

  12. http://hfs.sagepub.com/ Ergonomics Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaber, David B.

    http://hfs.sagepub.com/ Ergonomics Society of the Human Factors and Human Factors: The Journal http.1177/0018720813495279 2013 published online 8 JulyHuman Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Yu://www.sagepublications.com On behalf of: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society can be found at:Society Human Factors: The Journal

  13. doi:10.1144/gsjgs.150.1.0165 1993; v. 150; p. 165-167Journal of the Geological Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The stratigraphy and taphonomy of marine siliciclastic sequences from a spectrum of basin types have been examined siliciclastic sequences and on Journal of the Geological Society service Email alerting to receive free email in Northern Ireland Influence of subsidence on the anatomy of marine siliciclastic sequences

  14. Journal of Geological Society of Sri Lanka Vol. 15 (2013), 69-83 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY POTENTIAL IN SRI LANKA: A PRELIMINARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Alan G.

    2013-01-01

    Journal of Geological Society of Sri Lanka Vol. 15 (2013), 69-83 69 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY POTENTIAL faults or hot dry rock that would help geothermal energy development. Data show three regions, metamorphic terrains INTRODUCTION Geothermal energy development in Sri Lanka has been considered

  15. Functional Ecology 2009, 23, 321329 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2435.2008.01498.x 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation 2008 British Ecological Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGraw, Kevin J.

    Functional Ecology 2009, 23, 321­329 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2435.2008.01498.x © 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2008 British Ecological Society Blackwell Publishing Ltd Seasonal, sexual, and quality related variation in retinal carotenoid accumulation in the house finch (Carpodacus mexicanus

  16. THE ASTRONOMICAL JOURNAL, 118:477487, 1999 July 1999. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A.(

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Testi, Leonardo

    THE ASTRONOMICAL JOURNAL, 118:477È487, 1999 July 1999. The American Astronomical Society. All,1 L. TESTI,2,3 Q. ZHANG,1 AND T. K. SRIDHARAN1,4 Received 1999 February 22; accepted 1999 April 5 and kinematic correspon- dence between these phenomena (Felli, Palagi, & Tofani 1992; Henning, Cesaroni

  17. THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL SUPPLEMENT SERIES, 122 497501, 1999 June 1999. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL SUPPLEMENT SERIES, 122 497È501, 1999 June 1999. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A. ( THE UL Y SSES SUPPLEMENT TO THE BATSE 4Br CATALOG present­ ed the Ulysses supplement to the BATSE 3B Catalog of Cosmic Gamma­Ray Bursts (hereafter referred

  18. THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL SUPPLEMENT SERIES, 128 549560, 2000 June 2000. American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL SUPPLEMENT SERIES, 128 549È560, 2000 June 2000. American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A. ( THE UL Y SSES SUPPLEMENT TO THE CATALOG OF GRANAT /WATCH for archival studies. This is the seventh in a series of catalogs of IPN localizations. The supplements

  19. Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, Vol. 82, No. 5, pp. 1389--1397, 2004 1389 Mesoscale Assimilation of TMI Rainfall Data with 4DVAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pu, Zhaoxia

    Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, Vol. 82, No. 5, pp. 1389--1397, 2004 1389 Mesoscale rainfall data into a mesoscale model, using a four-dimensional variational data assimilation (4DVAR on mesoscale forecasts (e.g., Supertyphoon Paka in 1997 (Pu et al. 2002)), as the global analysis provide

  20. Journal of the Korean Physical Society, Vol. 40, No. 1, January 2002, pp. 8789 Synchronous Mirror Delay for Zero-and Multi-Phase Locking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jong Duk

    ) A clock generation circuit used in synchronous SRAM (static random access memory) was de- signedJournal of the Korean Physical Society, Vol. 40, No. 1, January 2002, pp. 8789 Synchronous Mirror by adapting SMD (synchronous mirror delay) scheme. A multi-phase synchronous circuit suited for the double

  1. This journal is c The Royal Society of Chemistry 2010 Chem. Commun., 2010, 46, 91679169 9167 Cubic and rhombohedral heterobimetallic networks constructed from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The synthetic and materials chemistry of uranium is the best developed in the actinide series, and has expandedThis journal is c The Royal Society of Chemistry 2010 Chem. Commun., 2010, 46, 9167­9169 9167 Cubic and rhombohedral heterobimetallic networks constructed from uranium, transition metals, and phosphonoacetate: new

  2. JOURNAL OF THE EGYPTIAN MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY ETMS J. Egypt Math. Soc. Vol. 18(2) (2010) pp223-230 www.etms-eg.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    López, Rafael

    2010-01-01

    JOURNAL OF THE EGYPTIAN MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY ETMS J. Egypt Math. Soc. Vol. 18(2) (2010) pp223, 11448, Cairo, Egypt email: atali71@yahoo.com 2Departamento de Geometr´ia y Topolog´ia, Universidad de

  3. 0270.6474/83/0311-2263$02.00/O The Journal of Neuroscience Copyright Q Society for Neuroscience Vol. 3, No. 11, pp. 2263-2269

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    0270.6474/83/0311-2263$02.00/O The Journal of Neuroscience Copyright Q Society for Neuroscience Vol on a neuron and its effect on a behavior is in an invertebrate: serotonin causes transmission between and neurophysiological effects of the monoamines, if any, should be easy to determine. Serotonin and octopamine seemed

  4. Investigative Journalism and Access to Information in Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyle, Kate

    2011-01-01

    in Latin America: Journalism, Mass Media, and Society, ed.Journalist and professor, Journalism School Carlos SeptiénNewsrooms in conflict: Journalism and the democratization of

  5. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 161 (8) E3149-E3157 (2014) E3149 JES FOCUS ISSUE ON MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF ELECTROCHEMICAL SYSTEMS AT MULTIPLE SCALES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Venkat

    2014-01-01

    and cost-effectiveness of existing technologies for electric vehicles (EVs). Developing smarter battery of the state of charge or age of the bat- tery, as they have become accustomed to internal

  6. A5158 Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 162 (5) A5158-A5178 (2015) JES FOCUS ISSUE ON ELECTROCHEMICAL CAPACITORS: FUNDAMENTALS TO APPLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilon, Laurent

    2015-01-01

    self-similar and asymptotic behaviors as well as to develop design rules for electrodes, and (viii) low price. However, satisfying all these criteria simultaneously is challenging. For example

  7. http://hfs.sagepub.com/ Ergonomics Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scerri, Paul

    http://hfs.sagepub.com/ Ergonomics Society of the Human Factors and Human Factors: The Journal http online 11 May 2010 2010 52: 225 originallyHuman Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society can be found at:Society Human Factors: The Journal of the Human

  8. A1566 Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 162 (8) A1566-A1573 (2015) High-Rate Li+

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aksay, Ilhan A.

    2015-01-01

    -insertion/extraction potentials,1,2 which make them inherently safe from Li-electroplating and dendrite formation, thus preventing, on the other hand, conductive coatings19­22 or additives23 are commonly used. An especially effective approach

  9. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 162 (6) F613-F621 (2015) F613 Multicomponent Gas Diffusion in Porous Electrodes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bazant, Martin Z.

    2015-01-01

    ­16, 2013. The Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) is currently the highest- temperature fuel cell in development of high-pressure steam that can be used in many applications. Combining a high- temperature SOFC different types have been explored in the development of SOFC, the electrolyte supported cell

  10. This journal is c the Owner Societies 2013 Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. Cite this: DOI: 10.1039/c3cp44574g

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marks, Laurence D.

    This journal is c the Owner Societies 2013 Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. Cite this: DOI: 10.1039/c3cp 2012, Accepted 4th February 2013 DOI: 10.1039/c3cp44574g www.rsc.org/pccp PCCP PERSPECTIVE DownloadedbyNorthwesternUniversityon20February2013 Publishedon04February2013onhttp://pubs.rsc.org|doi:10.1039/C3CP44574G View Article

  11. http://hfs.sagepub.com/ Ergonomics Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spirtes, Peter

    http://hfs.sagepub.com/ Ergonomics Society of the Human Factors and Human Factors: The Journal http and Ergonomics Society Varun Dutt, Young-Suk Ahn and Cleotilde Gonzalez Instance-Based Learning Theory Cyber://www.sagepublications.com On behalf of: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society can be found at:Society Human Factors: The Journal

  12. Journal of Applied Ecology 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Journal of Applied Ecology 2007 44, 748­759 © 2007 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2007 British, distribution, edge, marbled murrelets, model transferability, old-growth Journal of Applied Ecology (2007) 44-nesting Alcid © 2007 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2007 British Ecological Society, Journal of Applied

  13. Borup wins Electrochemical Society Award

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Borup and his team are focused on improving the polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cell, which converts hydrogen to electricity for power, but emits only water. Their work...

  14. Borup wins Electrochemical Society Award

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Borup Borup and his team are focused on improving the polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cell, which converts hydrogen to electricity for power, but emits only water. Rod...

  15. Borup wins Electrochemical Society Award

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O OLaura|BilayerBiomimeticBooks Are FunBorrowing fromBorup wins

  16. Zelenay named Electrochemical Society Fellow

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAboutXu Named| Princeton Plasma PhysicsZachary Nault HPCZelenay

  17. Borup wins Electrochemical Society Award

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits & InspectionsBerylliumBiomimetic(cousinDataTalksHealthBorup wins

  18. Inequality in Societies, Academic Institutions and Science Journals: Gini and k-indices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghosh, Asim; Chakrabarti, Bikas K

    2014-01-01

    Social inequality is traditionally measured by the Gini-index ($g$). Most of the estimates of the income or wealth data indicate the $g$ value to be widely dispersed across the countries of the world: \\textit{g} values typically range from $0.30$ to $0.65$ at a particular time (year). We estimated similarly the Gini-index for the citations earned by the yearly publications of various academic institutions and the science journals. The ISI web of science data suggests remarkably strong inequality and universality ($g=0.70\\pm0.07$) across all the universities and institutions of the world, while for the journals we find $g=0.65\\pm0.15$ for any typical year. We define a new inequality measure, namely the $k$-index, saying that the cumulative income or citations of ($1-k$) fraction of people or papers exceed those earned by the fraction ($k$) of the people or publications respectively. We find, while the $k$-index value for income ranges from $0.60$ to $0.75$ for income distributions across the world, it has a va...

  19. ABOUT THE JOURNAL The first journal devoted specifically to labor economics, the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mateo, Jill M.

    ABOUT THE JOURNAL The first journal devoted specifically to labor economics, the Journal of Labor journal of the Society of Labor Economists. Audience Academic, business, and government economists contact: j-advertising@press.uchicago.edu Journal of Labor Economics The first journal devoted

  20. ABOUT THE JOURNAL The first journal devoted specifically to labor economics, the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mateo, Jill M.

    ABOUT THE JOURNAL The first journal devoted specifically to labor economics, the Journal of Labor journal of the Society of Labor Economists. Audience Academic, business, and government economists-advertising@press.uchicago.edu Journal of Labor Economics The first journal devoted specifically to labor economics Quarterly 216 pages

  1. Journal of Animal Ecology 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laaksonen, Toni

    Journal of Animal Ecology 2002 71, 23­31 © 2002 British Ecological Society Blackwell Science Ltd, cyclic variation in food abundance, differential mortality, reproductive effort, senescence. Journal@utu.fi #12;© 2002 British Ecological Society, Journal of Animal Ecology, 71, 23­31 24 T. Laaksonen, E

  2. Journal of Animal Ecology 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laaksonen, Toni

    Journal of Animal Ecology 2004 73, 342­352 © 2004 British Ecological Society Blackwell Publishing, reproductive value, sex allocation, sex-dependent mortality, varia- ble environment. Journal of Animal Ecology manipulation in kestrels © 2004 British Ecological Society, Journal of Animal Ecology, 73, 342­352 van

  3. Journal of Applied Ecology 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holl, Karen

    Journal of Applied Ecology 2004 41, 922­933 © 2004 British Ecological Society Blackwell Publishing-scale, Sacramento River, succession, vegetation Journal of Applied Ecology (2004) 41, 922­933 Introduction More than@ucsc.edu). #12;923 Riparian forest restoration © 2004 British Ecological Society, Journal of Applied Ecology, 41

  4. Journal of Applied Ecology 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holl, Karen

    Journal of Applied Ecology 2002 39, 960­970 © 2002 British Ecological Society Blackwell Science- tion, succession. Journal of Applied Ecology (2002) 39, 960­970 Introduction Efforts to reclaim@ucsc.edu). #12;961 Vegetation on reclaimed mines © 2002 British Ecological Society, Journal of Applied Ecology

  5. Journal of Animal Ecology 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gotelli, Nicholas J.

    Journal of Animal Ecology 2003 72, 1015­1026 © 2003 British Ecological Society Blackwell Publishing, positive interactions, rarefaction. Journal of Animal Ecology (2003) 72, 1015­1026 Introduction After Society, Journal of Animal Ecology, 72, 1015­1026 available to other colonizing species (Gallagher et al

  6. Journal of Animal Ecology 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trexler, Joel C.

    Journal of Animal Ecology 2005 © 2005 British Ecological Society Blackwell Publishing, Ltd Everglades, Moran effect, spatial synchrony. Journal of Animal Ecology (2005) doi: 10.1111/j.1365-mail: cruetz@sigmaxi.org #12;2 C. R. Ruetz et al. © 2005 British Ecological Society, Journal of Animal Ecology

  7. Electrochemical Techniques

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Gang; Lin, Yuehe

    2008-07-20

    Sensitive and selective detection techniques are of crucial importance for capillary electrophoresis (CE), microfluidic chips, and other microfluidic systems. Electrochemical detectors have attracted considerable interest for microfluidic systems with features that include high sensitivity, inherent miniaturization of both the detection and control instrumentation, low cost and power demands, and high compatibility with microfabrication technology. The commonly used electrochemical detectors can be classified into three general modes: conductimetry, potentiometry, and amperometry.

  8. D382 Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 159 (6) D382-D385 (2012) 0013-4651/2012/159(6)/D382/4/$28.00 The Electrochemical Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    to initiate copper electroplating. Strong adhesion must also be provided between the copper seed layer of copper precursor and to coat the high aspect ratio holes with conformal copper or copper-manganese seed l

  9. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 158 (11) K205-K212 (2011) K205 0013-4651/2011/158(11)/K205/8/$28.00 The Electrochemical Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, John Zhanhu

    2011-01-01

    . Conductive polymers have many potential applications due to their combined electrical conductivity and intercalating polymers into different inorganic host materials.25­27 Among conductive polymers, polypyrrole (PPyIntegrated Composites Laboratory, Dan F Smith Department of Chemical Engineering, Lamar University, Beaumont, Texas

  10. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 159 (6) B761-B769 (2012) B761 0013-4651/2012/159(6)/B761/9/$28.00 The Electrochemical Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenis, Paul J. A.

    2012-01-01

    C), making them more suitable for stationary applications.2­4 Alkaline fuel cells (AFCs) offer Each type of fuel cell has its advantages for particular applications, and no single type of fuel cell is likely to become the best option for every application. One of the major hurdles for fuel cell

  11. A682 Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 161 (5) A682-A692 (2014) 0013-4651/2014/161(5)/A682/11/$31.00 The Electrochemical Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Venkat

    2014-01-01

    on novel energy storage mate- rials of which a significant fraction is dedicated to developing insertion with materials like silicon (theoretical storage capacity of 4200 mAh/g). While materials such as silicon and tin

  12. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 161 (9) A1453-A1460 (2014) A1453 0013-4651/2014/161(9)/A1453/8/$31.00 The Electrochemical Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Jayant K.

    2014-01-01

    source of energy storage,1 and can provide a high energy density. Further, they are flexible, lightweight of free standing silicon-single wall carbon nanotube as a anode has increased the anode capacity up to 20

  13. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 162 (1) F23-F32 (2015) F23 0013-4651/2015/162(1)/F23/10/$31.00 The Electrochemical Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenis, Paul J. A.

    2015-01-01

    , such as solar, wind, or hydro power, also is receiving increased attention, as it can serve as a mechanism

  14. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 161 (14) A1953-A1963 (2014) A1953 0013-4651/2014/161(14)/A1953/11/$31.00 The Electrochemical Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    2014-01-01

    . By numerically solving the charge balance equation on positive and negative electrodes in conjugation strategies for batteries in hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and electric vehicles (EVs).5 In order

  15. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 160 (6) B83-B89 (2013) B83 0013-4651/2013/160(6)/B83/7/$31.00 The Electrochemical Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mason, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    on amperometry and potentiometry.13­17 Methane, which has been considered as a clean energy source and one 48309, USA bDepartment of Electrical & Computer Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing was found to form at a specific DC bias potential. The cumulative results shown in this work suggest

  16. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 160 (9) A1611-A1617 (2013) A1611 0013-4651/2013/160(9)/A1611/7/$31.00 The Electrochemical Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ritchie, Robert

    2013-01-01

    that of graphite-based anodes used in current batteries.1 Theoretical predictions indicate that solid electrolytes-Poly(ethylene oxide) Block Copolymer as Solid-State Electrolytes for Lithium Metal Batteries Inna Gurevitch for rechargeable lithium batteries as they have the potential to increase both energy density due to incorporation

  17. A98 Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 159 (2) A98-A103 (2012) 0013-4651/2012/159(2)/A98/6/$28.00 The Electrochemical Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Yi

    2012-01-01

    , the increasing use of inter- mittent power sources, such as wind and solar, will greatly increase the need battery research has focused on the high power and energy density needed for portable electronics the high power capability, ultra-long cycle life, and scalable, low cost synthesis and operation

  18. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 160 (1) F69-F74 (2013) F69 0013-4651/2013/160(1)/F69/6/$28.00 The Electrochemical Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenis, Paul J. A.

    2013-01-01

    the use of intermittent, re- newable power sources (wind and solar). Because transportation is responsible capture and sequestration.5,8­10 Additionally, carbon neutral energy sources such as wind and solar will be limited to a maximum of 15% of the US electricity supply without improved power output leveling (smart

  19. F1124 Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 161 (10) F1124-F1131 (2014) 0013-4651/2014/161(10)/F1124/8/$31.00 The Electrochemical Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenis, Paul J. A.

    2014-01-01

    in atmospheric CO2 levels and/or to store excess energy of renewable intermittent sources like solar and wind en- hancing more efficient use of energy, use of renewable sources such as solar and wind is most desirable as they produce no CO2.4 However, both solar and wind are intermittent. Technologies for large

  20. F90 Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 160 (2) F90-F93 (2013) 0013-4651/2013/160(2)/F90/4/$28.00 The Electrochemical Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R.

    2013-01-01

    materials, Ni-cermets, are susceptible to coking in many coal- and bio-derived syngas compositions,2, and coking behavior in surrogate coal gas fuel compositions have been reported.21 In order to understand. Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are well suited to replace coal com- bustion technologies because higher

  1. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 159 (7) F267-F277 (2012) F267 0013-4651/2012/159(7)/F267/11/$28.00 The Electrochemical Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mench, Matthew M.

    2012-01-01

    been developed to explore the operation of a polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) with a porous flow, October 9­14, 2011. Among the potential hydrogen-based energy conversion devices, the polymer electrolyte alternative flow distributors have been designed to achieve better water management so that flooding can

  2. H290 Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 161 (5) H290-H295 (2014) 0013-4651/2014/161(5)/H290/6/$31.00 The Electrochemical Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bristol, University of

    2014-01-01

    , and as a hard- wearing layer on cutting tools. Usually DLC films are electrically insulating, however many more conditions. The major use of DLC is for protective coatings,1 for example: as a solid lubricant

  3. Journal of Animal Ecology 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laaksonen, Toni

    Journal of Animal Ecology 2007 76, 1045­1052 © 2007 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2007 British-words: density effect, Ficedula hypoleuca, long-term trend, Parus major, timing of breeding. Journal of Animal@utu.fi #12;1046 M. P. Ahola et al. © 2007 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2007 British Ecological Society

  4. Preprint of: H. Berghel, D. Berleant, T. Foy*, and M. McGuire*, "Cyberbrowsing: information customization on the Web," Journal of the American Society for Information Science (JASIS) 50

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berleant, Daniel

    customization on the Web," Journal of the American Society for Information Science (JASIS) 50 (10) (May, 1999Preprint of: H. Berghel, D. Berleant, T. Foy*, and M. McGuire*, "Cyberbrowsing: information), pp. 505-511. Cyberbrowsing: Information Customization on the Web Hal Berghel*, Daniel Berleant

  5. Oceanography Vol.17, No.3, Sept. 200412 Oceanography Vol.17, No.3, Sept. 200412 This article has been published in Oceanography, Volume 17, Number 3, a quarterly journal of The Oceanography Society. Copyright 2003 by The Ocean-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrari, Raffaele

    Oceanography Vol.17, No.3, Sept. 200412 Oceanography Vol.17, No.3, Sept. 200412 This article has been published in Oceanography, Volume 17, Number 3, a quarterly journal of The Oceanography Society of this article by photocopy machine, reposting, or other means without prior authori- zation of The Oceanography

  6. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 1995, Vol. 38: 601-604 0028-8306/95/3804-0601 $2.50/0 The Royal Society of New Zealand 1995

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Okaya, David

    New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 1995, Vol. 38: 601-604 0028-8306/95/3804-0601 $2.50/0 © The Royal Society of New Zealand 1995 601 Note Crustal reflections from the Alpine Fault Zone, South Island INTRODUCTION During March 1995, a seismic reflection experiment was carried out along the eastern shore of Lake

  7. Journal of Cybernetics and Informatics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogestad, Sigurd

    Journal of Cybernetics and Informatics published by Slovak Society for Cybernetics and Informatics. of Chemical Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, N-7491 Trondheim, Norway, e. In time Journal of Cybernetics and Informatics 9 (2010) http

  8. Electrochemical cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Redey, L.I.; Vissers, D.R.; Prakash, J.

    1996-07-16

    An electrochemical cell is described having a bimodal positive electrode, a negative electrode of an alkali metal, and a compatible electrolyte including an alkali metal salt molten at the cell operating temperature. The positive electrode has an electrochemically active layer of at least one transition metal chloride at least partially present as a charging product, and additives of bromide and/or iodide and sulfur in the positive electrode or the electrolyte. Electrode volumetric capacity is in excess of 400 Ah/cm{sup 3}; the cell can be 90% recharged in three hours and can operate at temperatures below 160 C. There is also disclosed a method of reducing the operating temperature and improving the overall volumetric capacity of an electrochemical cell and for producing a positive electrode having a BET area greater than 6{times}10{sup 4}cm{sup 2}/g of Ni. 6 figs.

  9. Electrochemical cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Redey, L.I.; Vissers, D.R.; Prakash, J.

    1994-02-01

    An electrochemical cell is described having a bimodal positive electrode, a negative electrode of an alkali metal, and a compatible electrolyte including an alkali metal salt molten at the cell operating temperature. The positive electrode has an electrochemically active layer of at least one transition metal chloride at least partially present as a charging product, and additives of bromide and/or iodide and sulfur in the positive electrode or the electrolyte. Electrode volumetric capacity is in excess of 400 Ah/cm[sup 3]; the cell can be 90% recharged in three hours and can operate at temperatures below 160 C. There is also disclosed a method of reducing the operating temperature and improving the overall volumetric capacity of an electrochemical cell and for producing a positive electrode having a BET area greater than 6[times]10[sup 4] cm[sup 2]/g of Ni. 8 figures.

  10. Electrochemical cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Redey, Laszlo I. (Downers Grove, IL); Vissers, Donald R. (Naperville, IL); Prakash, Jai (Downers Grove, IL)

    1994-01-01

    An electrochemical cell having a bimodal positive electrode, a negative electrode of an alkali metal, and a compatible electrolyte including an alkali metal salt molten at the cell operating temperature. The positive electrode has an electrochemically active layer of at least one transition metal chloride at least partially present as a charging product, and additives of bromide and/or iodide and sulfur in the positive electrode or the electrolyte. Electrode volumetric capacity is in excess of 400 Ah/cm.sup.3 ; the cell can be 90% recharged in three hours and can operate at temperatures below 160.degree. C. There is also disclosed a method of reducing the operating temperature and improving the overall volumetric capacity of an electrochemical cell and for producing a positive electrode having a BET area greater than 6.times.10.sup.4 cm.sup.2 /g of Ni.

  11. Electrochemical cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Redey, Laszlo I. (6851 Carpenter St., Downers Grove, IL 60516); Vissers, Donald R. (611 Clover Ct., Naperville, IL 60540); Prakash, Jai (2205 Arbor Cir. 8, Downers Grove, IL 60515)

    1996-01-01

    An electrochemical cell having a bimodal positive electrode, a negative electrode of an alkali metal, and a compatible electrolyte including an alkali metal salt molten at the cell operating temperature. The positive electrode has an electrochemically active layer of at least one transition metal chloride at least partially present as a charging product, and additives of bromide and/or iodide and sulfur in the positive electrode or the electrolyte. Electrode volumetric capacity is in excess of 400 Ah/cm.sup.3 ; the cell can be 90% recharged in three hours and can operate at temperatures below 160.degree. C. There is also disclosed a method of reducing the operating temperature and improving the overall volumetric capacity of an electrochemical cell and for producing a positive electrode having a BET area greater than 6.times.10.sup.4 cm.sup.2 /g of Ni.

  12. This journal is c The Royal Society of Chemistry 2010 Integr. Biol., 2010, 2, 559560 559 Introduction to the Mechanisms of Directed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beebe, David J.

    as an Associate Editor for Journal of MicroElectroMechanical Systems, the Journal of Biomechanical Engineering

  13. Electrochemical construction

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Einstein, Harry (Springfield, NJ); Grimes, Patrick G. (Westfield, NJ)

    1983-08-23

    An electrochemical cell construction features a novel co-extruded plastic electrode in an interleaved construction with a novel integral separator-spacer. Also featured is a leak and impact resistant construction for preventing the spill of corrosive materials in the event of rupture.

  14. Electrochemical device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Grimes, Patrick G. (Westfield, NJ); Einstein, Harry (Springfield, NJ); Bellows, Richard J. (Westfield, NJ)

    1988-01-12

    A tunnel protected electrochemical device features channels fluidically communicating between manifold, tunnels and cells. The channels are designed to provide the most efficient use of auxiliary power. The channels have a greater hydraulic pressure drop and electrical resistance than the manifold. This will provide a design with the optimum auxiliary energy requirements.

  15. Egyptian Journal of Biology, 2008, Vol. 10, pp 77-86 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological Society (EBB Soc)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    Egyptian Journal of Biology, 2008, Vol. 10, pp 77-86 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological in the St Katherine Protectorate, South Sinai, Egypt. High levels of genetic diversity were found, mostly

  16. Electrochemical cell

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walsh, F.M.

    1986-12-23

    This patent describes an electrochemical cell having a metal anode wherein the metal is selected from zinc and cadmium; a bromine cathode; and an aqueous electrolyte containing a metal bromide, the metal bromide having the same metal as the metal of the anode. The improvement described here comprises: a bromine complexing agent in the aqueous metal bromide electrolyte, the complexing agent consisting solely of a quaternary ammonium salt of an N-organo substituted alpha amino acid, ester, or betaine.

  17. Electrochemical cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nagy, Z.; Yonco, R.M.; You, H.; Melendres, C.A.

    1992-08-25

    An electrochemical cell has a layer-type or sandwich configuration with a Teflon center section that houses working, reference and counter electrodes and defines a relatively narrow electrolyte cavity. The center section is surrounded on both sides with thin Teflon membranes. The membranes are pressed in place by a pair of Teflon inner frames which are in turn supported by a pair of outer metal frames. The pair of inner and outer frames are provided with corresponding, appropriately shaped slits that are in plane generally transverse to the plane of the working electrode and permit X-ray beams to enter and exit the cell through the Teflon membranes that cover the slits so that the interface between the working electrode and the electrolyte within the cell may be analyzed by transmission geometry. In one embodiment, the center section consists of two parts, one on top of the other. Alternatively, the center section of the electrochemical cell may consist of two intersliding pieces or may be made of a single piece of Teflon sheet material. The electrolyte cavity is shaped so that the electrochemical cell can be rotated 90[degree] in either direction while maintaining the working and counter electrodes submerged in the electrolyte. 5 figs.

  18. Journal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACT EVALUATIONIntroducingJobs HumanImagingJournal Sign In About |

  19. http://hfs.sagepub.com/ Ergonomics Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stetten, George

    http://hfs.sagepub.com/ Ergonomics Society of the Human Factors and Human Factors: The Journal http.1177/0018720814551414 September 2014 published online 26Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Galeotti, Mel Siegel, Joel S. Device Psychophysical Evaluation of Haptic Perception Under Augmentation

  20. http://hfs.sagepub.com/ Ergonomics Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    http://hfs.sagepub.com/ Ergonomics Society of the Human Factors and Human Factors: The Journal http online 2 July 2012 2013 55: 157 originallyHuman Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Published by: http://www.sagepublications.com On behalf of: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society can

  1. Electrochemical cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Redey, L.I.; Vissers, D.R.; Prakash, J.

    1994-08-23

    An electrochemical cell is described having an alkali metal negative electrode such as sodium and a positive electrode including Ni or transition metals, separated by a [beta] alumina electrolyte and NaAlCl[sub 4] or other compatible material. Various concentrations of a bromine, iodine and/or sulfur containing additive and pore formers are disclosed, which enhance cell capacity and power. The pore formers may be the ammonium salts of carbonic acid or a weak organic acid or oxamide or methylcellulose. 6 figs.

  2. Journal of Applied Ecology 2008, 45, 821833 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2008.01474.x 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation 2008 British Ecological Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    , London, SW15 2NU, UK; 8 Department of Animal & Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, S10 2TN,UK; 9 Environment Agency, Rio House, Aztec West, Bristol, BS32 4UD, UK; 10 Royal Society, Silvan House, 3rd Floor East, 231 Costorphine Road, Edinburgh EH12 7AT, UK; 13 Wildlife Conservation

  3. Comparison of centroid computation algorithms in a Shack-Hartmann Journal: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokovinin, Andrei A.

    Comparison of centroid computation algorithms in a Shack-Hartmann sensor Journal: Monthly Notices.2) Comparison of centroid computation algorithms in a Shack-Hartmann sensor S. Thomas1 , T. Fusco2 , A, Adaptive Optics, Wavefront sensing, Shack- Hartmann 1 INTRODUCTION Adaptive Optics (AO) is nowadays

  4. Egyptian Journal of Biology, 2008, Vol. 10, pp 42-53 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological Society (EBBSoc)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    Egyptian Journal of Biology, 2008, Vol. 10, pp 42-53 © Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Protectorate, Sinai, Egypt Tim Newbold1 *, Sarah Collins1 , Jerzy Behnke1 , Jacqualyn Eales1 , Amr El- Geznawy2 of Zoology, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt Abstract Foraging in a group potentially allows

  5. Egyptian Journal of Natural History, 2007, Vol. 4, pp 12 -149 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological Society (EBB Soc)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    Egyptian Journal of Natural History, 2007, Vol. 4, pp 12 - 149 © Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British entomologist. Conspectus of the Sphecid wasps of Egypt (Hymenoptera: Ampulicidae, Sphecidae, Crabronidae) C: cgroche172@hotmail.com) Historical background The sphecid wasps of Egypt and the Sinai have received much

  6. Subscriber access provided by UNIV NORTH CAROLINA WILMINGTON Journal of Natural Products is published by the American Chemical Society. 1155

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawlik, Joseph

    Subscriber access provided by UNIV NORTH CAROLINA WILMINGTON Journal of Natural Products bifasciatum, in aquarium assays. When the pure compounds were assayed at eight times the natural concentration the reef community. In a survey of Caribbean sponge chemical defenses, crude extracts obtained from

  7. Egyptian Journal of Natural History, 2007, Vol. 4 , pp 1 -9 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological Society (EBB Soc)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    Egyptian Journal of Natural History, 2007, Vol. 4 , pp 1 - 9 © Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British. Ampulicidae, Sphecidae & Crabronidae) of Egypt. Part 2: Checklist C. Giles Roche Lot 44, Taman Wong Wo Lo not been recorded from Egypt hitherto (Spilomena, Crossocerus, Lestica). Twenty-four species are recorded

  8. Egyptian Journal of Biology, 2005, Vol. 7, pp 66-95 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological Society (EBB Soc)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    Egyptian Journal of Biology, 2005, Vol. 7, pp 66-95 © Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological, Egypt Kathy Meakin1* , Selvino R. de Kort2 , Hilary Gilbert3 , Francis Gilbert3,4 Samy Zalat3,5 , Logain Mohi, Suzan Ibrahim, John Griffin & the Volunteers of Operation Wallacea in Egypt 7 1. 31 Cliftonville

  9. Egyptian Journal of Biology, 2007, Vol. 9, pp 60-68 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological Society (EBB Soc)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    Egyptian Journal of Biology, 2007, Vol. 9, pp 60-68 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Bird surveys and distance sampling in St Katherine Protectorate, South Sinai, Egypt in 2007 White MLJ 1 ² BioMAP, EEAA, Maadi, Cairo, Egypt & School of Biology, Nottingham University, Nottingham, UK, 3 Bio

  10. Egyptian Journal of Biology, 2005, Vol. 7, pp 55-66 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological Society (EBB Soc)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    Egyptian Journal of Biology, 2005, Vol. 7, pp 55-66 © Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological) _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________ * Address For Correspondence Vegetation and Grazing in the St. Katherine Protectorate, South Sinai, Egypt Wallacea in Egypt 1. Operation Wallacea in Egypt & University of California, Berkeley, USA 2. School

  11. Egyptian Journal of Biology, 2009, Vol. 11, pp 58-70 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological Society (EBB Soc)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shuker, David

    Egyptian Journal of Biology, 2009, Vol. 11, pp 58-70 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological. Shuker 4,5 * 1. Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Suez Canal University, Egypt 2. School to the insect community of herbivores on Gomphocarpus sinaicus (Boiss.) (Apocynaceae) in Sinai (Egypt

  12. Electrochemical supercapacitors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rudge, Andrew J. (Los Alamos, NM); Ferraris, John P. (Dallas, TX); Gottesfeld, Shimshon (Los Alamos, NM)

    1996-01-01

    A new class of electrochemical capacitors provides in its charged state a positive electrode including an active material of a p-doped material and a negative electrode including an active material of an n-doped conducting polymer, where the p-doped and n-doped materials are separated by an electrolyte. In a preferred embodiment, the positive and negative electrode active materials are selected from conducting polymers consisting of polythiophene, polymers having an aryl group attached in the 3-position, polymers having aryl and alkyl groups independently attached in the 3- and 4-positions, and polymers synthesized from bridged dimers having polythiophene as the backbone. A preferred electrolyte is a tetraalykyl ammonium salt, such as tetramethylammonium trifluoromethane sulphonate (TMATFMS), that provides small ions that are mobile through the active material, is soluble in acetonitrile, and can be used in a variety of capacitor configurations.

  13. Journal oj Neurochemistry Raven Press. New York

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wurtman, Richard

    Journal oj Neurochemistry Raven Press. New York 10 1985 International Society for Neurochemistry actually forms new choline molecules. PE-methylation activity, cata- lyzed by the enzymes

  14. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society (1998), 63: 367378. With 4 figures Herbivores and molecular clocks as tools in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, John N.

    1998-01-01

    a powerful tool to historical plant biogeography. © 1998 The Linnean Society of London ADDITIONAL KEY WORDS and molecular clocks as tools in plant biogeography OLLE PELLMYR AND JAMES LEEBENS-MACK Department of Biology (Apiaceae) and the host-specific herbivore Greya powelli (Lepidoptera: Prodoxidae) in California

  15. 349 J La State Med Soc VOL 163 November/December 2011 Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Society Christmas Treat to Chronic Cough CLINICAL CASE OF THE MONTH Theepha Thayalakulasingham, MD; Shane of an adult patient who had chronic cough, nonresolving pneumonia, and no known risk factors for FBA, who emergency department with a chief complaint of cough of nine weeks duration. Initially the cough

  16. ABOUT THE JOURNAL Renaissance Quarterly is the leading American journal of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mateo, Jill M.

    ABOUT THE JOURNAL Renaissance Quarterly is the leading American journal of Renaissance studies from 1300 to 1650 in Western history. The official journal of the Renaissance Society of America, the journal publishes international scholarship from diverse disciplines such as: Comparative literature

  17. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 162 (2) A3145-A3153 (2015) A3145 FOCUS ISSUE OF SELECTED PRESENTATIONS FROM IMLB 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Amit

    2015-01-01

    -Commercial No Derivatives 4.0 License (CC BY-NC-ND, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non from IMLB 2014. Diminishing fossil fuel reserves have made it imperative to develop alternative energy in terms of energy and power density. In this regard, various combinations of electrode

  18. Design Editorial A Design Societies Federation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papalambros, Panos

    Journal of Mechanical Design Editorial A Design Societies Federation You can recognize the many faces of design by looking at the many different professional societies that promote design around the world. These societies may have roots in engineering or archi- tecture or industrial design but they all

  19. Microfluidic electrochemical reactors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nuzzo, Ralph G. (Champaign, IL); Mitrovski, Svetlana M. (Urbana, IL)

    2011-03-22

    A microfluidic electrochemical reactor includes an electrode and one or more microfluidic channels on the electrode, where the microfluidic channels are covered with a membrane containing a gas permeable polymer. The distance between the electrode and the membrane is less than 500 micrometers. The microfluidic electrochemical reactor can provide for increased reaction rates in electrochemical reactions using a gaseous reactant, as compared to conventional electrochemical cells. Microfluidic electrochemical reactors can be incorporated into devices for applications such as fuel cells, electrochemical analysis, microfluidic actuation, pH gradient formation.

  20. METEOROLOGICAL Journal of Climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Ming

    AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY Journal of Climate EARLY ONLINE RELEASE This is a preliminary PDF it is available. © 201 American Meteorological Society1 #12;Sun et al. climate downscaling of the Australian currents 1 Marine downscaling of a future climate scenario for Australian boundary currents Chaojiao Sun

  1. Zelenay wins Electrochemical Society's Research Award

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAboutXu Named| Princeton Plasma PhysicsZachary

  2. Electrochemical methane sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zaromb, S.; Otagawa, T.; Stetter, J.R.

    1984-08-27

    A method and instrument including an electrochemical cell for the detection and measurement of methane in a gas by the oxidation of methane electrochemically at a working electrode in a nonaqueous electrolyte at a voltage about 1.4 volts vs R.H.E. (the reversible hydrogen electrode potential in the same electrolyte), and the measurement of the electrical signal resulting from the electrochemical oxidation.

  3. Journal of Applied Ecology 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Len

    Journal of Applied Ecology 2006 43, 377­384 © 2006 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2006 British Ecological Society Blackwell Publishing Ltd METHODOLOGICAL INSIGHTS Point transect sampling with traps, Etive House, Beechwood Park, Inverness IV2 3BW, UK Summary 1. The ability to monitor abundance of animal

  4. Journal Information Journal Impact Factor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krejcí, Pavel

    Journal Information Journal Impact Factor 5-Year Journal Impact Factor Journal Self Cites Journal Immediacy Index 2014 JCR Science Edition Journal: Applications of Mathematics Mark Journal Title ISSN Total- life APPL MATH-CZECH 0862-7940 241 0.400 0.430 0.024 42 8.9 >10.0 Cited Journal Citing Journal Source

  5. Journal Information Journal Impact Factor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krejcí, Pavel

    Journal Information Journal Impact Factor 5-Year Journal Impact Factor Journal Self Cites Journal Immediacy Index Journal Cited Half-Life 2014 JCR Science Edition Journal: CZECHOSLOVAK MATHEMATICAL JOURNAL Mark Journal Title ISSN Total Cites Impact Factor 5-Year Impact Factor Immediacy Index Citable Items

  6. Journal Information Journal Impact Factor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krejcí, Pavel

    Journal Information Journal Impact Factor 5-Year Journal Impact Factor Journal Self Cites Journal Immediacy Index 2012 JCR Science Edition Journal: Applications of Mathematics Mark Journal Title ISSN Total- life APPL MATH-CZECH 0862-7940 240 0.222 0.549 0.054 37 7.3 >10.0 Cited Journal Citing Journal Source

  7. Journal Information Journal Impact Factor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krejcí, Pavel

    Journal Information Journal Impact Factor 5-Year Journal Impact Factor Journal Self Cites Journal Immediacy Index Journal Cited Half-Life 2012 JCR Science Edition Journal: CZECHOSLOVAK MATHEMATICAL JOURNAL Mark Journal Title ISSN Total Cites Impact Factor 5-Year Impact Factor Immediacy Index Citable Items

  8. Electrochemical cell stack assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jacobson, Craig P.; Visco, Steven J.; De Jonghe, Lutgard C.

    2010-06-22

    Multiple stacks of tubular electrochemical cells having a dense electrolyte disposed between an anode and a cathode preferably deposited as thin films arranged in parallel on stamped conductive interconnect sheets or ferrules. The stack allows one or more electrochemical cell to malfunction without disabling the entire stack. Stack efficiency is enhanced through simplified gas manifolding, gas recycling, reduced operating temperature and improved heat distribution.

  9. Electrochemical thermodynamic measurement system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Reynier, Yvan (Meylan, FR); Yazami, Rachid (Los Angeles, CA); Fultz, Brent T. (Pasadena, CA)

    2009-09-29

    The present invention provides systems and methods for accurately characterizing thermodynamic and materials properties of electrodes and electrochemical energy storage and conversion systems. Systems and methods of the present invention are configured for simultaneously collecting a suite of measurements characterizing a plurality of interconnected electrochemical and thermodynamic parameters relating to the electrode reaction state of advancement, voltage and temperature. Enhanced sensitivity provided by the present methods and systems combined with measurement conditions that reflect thermodynamically stabilized electrode conditions allow very accurate measurement of thermodynamic parameters, including state functions such as the Gibbs free energy, enthalpy and entropy of electrode/electrochemical cell reactions, that enable prediction of important performance attributes of electrode materials and electrochemical systems, such as the energy, power density, current rate and the cycle life of an electrochemical cell.

  10. ELLIPSOMETRY OF ELECTROCHEMICAL SURFACE LAYERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muller, R.H.

    2010-01-01

    in Advances In Electrochemistry and Electrochemicalistry, in Advances in Electrochemistry and Electrochemical ,

  11. 7660 Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011, 13, 76607665 This journal is c the Owner Societies 2011 Cite this: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011, 13, 76607665

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aksay, Ilhan A.

    provides a new strategy for designing electrodes in energy storage applications. Introduction Lithium-based batteries using a polymer/tin composite or silicon as anode materials.24­25 In this study, we synthesized surface area (2630 m2 gÀ1 , calculated value),28,29 has been widely studied in electrochemical energy

  12. This journal is c the Owner Societies 2013 Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013, 15, 10841--10848 10841 Cite this: Phys.Chem.Chem.Phys.,2013,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Tianshou

    of vanadium ions through the porous electrodes of vanadium redox flow batteries Qian Xu and T. S. Zhao flow batteries (VRFBs), unique experimental setups for electrochemically determining the two transport flow battery (VRFB) is one of the most promising candidates, since apart from having the common feature

  13. 2388 Chem. Soc. Rev., 2013, 42, 2388--2400 This journal is c The Royal Society of Chemistry 2013 Cite this: Chem. Soc. Rev., 2013,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of maintaining high substrate concentration as well as minimizing the environmental impact from organic additives electrochemical hydrogen generation under aqueous conditions V. Sara Thoi,ab Yujie Sun,ab Jeffrey R. Long forms of energy such as wind and solar power have been made, the storage of these energies for on

  14. This journal is The Royal Society of Chemistry 2015 Chem. Commun., 2015, 51, 5951--5954 | 5951 Cite this: Chem. Commun., 2015,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    the electrocatalytic activity. To meet the growing demands of renewable energy, various electrochemical energy electrocata- lysts is central to these energy conversion techniques. Expensive Pt and its bimetallic alloysO nanocrystals for OERs/ORRs. The MnO(100) facets with higher adsorption energy of O species can largely promote

  15. 1. Contemporary Sociology: A Journal of Reviews July 2012 vol. 41 no. 4 540-541

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1. Contemporary Sociology: A Journal of Reviews July 2012 vol. 41 no. 4 540-541 Feudal America Elements of the Middle Ages in Contemporary Society.htm Advanced Journal Search » Feudal America: Elements of the Middle Ages in Contemporary Society Feudal America: Elements of the Middle Ages in Contemporary Society

  16. Electrochemical heat engine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Elliott, Guy R. B. (Los Alamos, NM); Holley, Charles E. (Alcalde, NM); Houseman, Barton L. (Cockeysville, MD); Sibbitt, Jr., Wilmer L. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1978-01-01

    Electrochemical heat engines produce electrochemical work, and mechanical motion is limited to valve and switching actions as the heat-to-work cycles are performed. The electrochemical cells of said heat engines use molten or solid electrolytes at high temperatures. One or more reactions in the cycle will generate a gas at high temperature which can be condensed at a lower temperature with later return of the condensate to electrochemical cells. Sodium, potassium, and cesium are used as the working gases for high temperature cells (above 600 K) with halogen gases or volatile halides being used at lower temperature. Carbonates and halides are used as molten electrolytes and the solid electrolyte in these melts can also be used as a cell separator.

  17. Handbook of Electrochemical Nanotechnology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Yuehe; Nalwa, H. S.

    2009-02-12

    This 2-volume handbook provides an overview of recent advances in the field of electrochemical nanotechnology. It will be of great interst to graduate students, scientists, and engineering professionals whose research is at the interface of electrochemistry and nanotechnology.

  18. Solid state electrochemical composite

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Visco, Steven J. (Berkeley, CA); Jacobson, Craig P. (Moraga, CA); DeJonghe, Lutgard C. (Lafayette, CA)

    2009-06-30

    Provided is a composite electrochemical device fabricated from highly electronically conductive materials such as metals, metal alloys, or electronically conductive ceramics. The electronic conductivity of the electrode substrate is maximized. The invention allows for an electrode with high electronic conductivity and sufficient catalytic activity to achieve high power density in ionic (electrochemical) devices such as fuel cells and electrolytic gas separation systems including oxygen generation system.

  19. JOURNAL OF SEDIMENTARY RESEARCH, VOL. 74, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER, 2004, P. 730735 Copyright 2004, SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) 1527-1404/04/074-730/$03.00

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haszeldine, Stuart

    (Society for Sedimentary Geology) 1527-1404/04/074-730/$03.00 RESEARCH METHODS PAPERS QUANTIFICATION, Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, U.K. 2 Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Edinburgh, Grant Institute

  20. Journal lag

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trimble, V; Ceja, J

    2011-01-01

    was not seen in the largest international journal in ourfield, The Astrophysical Journal, which has a current impactCalifornia, US Source: Journal lag. By: Trimble, Virginia,

  1. Thermal modeling of electrochemical capacitors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D'Entremont, Anna Leone

    2015-01-01

    storage mechanism of a lithium-ion battery during chargingsingle electrodes in lithium-ion battery,” Journal of Powerseparators in a lithium-ion battery,” Journal of Power

  2. Egyptian Journal of Natural History, 2007, Vol.4 , pp. 10-11 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological Society (EBB Soc)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    Egyptian Journal of Natural History, 2007, Vol.4 , pp. 10-11 © Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British 1990's. It has produced a phenomenal number of species, many of them new records for Egypt: Tachysphex in a morning. Even before I left Egypt in October 1992, there were ominous signs. The olive plantation

  3. Egyptian Journal of Natural History, 2008, Vol. 5, pp 6-15 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological Society (EBB Soc)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    Egyptian Journal of Natural History, 2008, Vol. 5, pp 6-15 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British of Wadi Isla and Hebran, St Katherine Protectorate, Egypt Samy Zalat 1* , Francis Gilbert 2 , Hassan Fadel of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt. 2. School of Biology, University

  4. Egyptian Journal of Natural History, 2008, Vol. 5, pp 6-15 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British Biological Society (EBB Soc)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    Egyptian Journal of Natural History, 2008, Vol. 5, pp 6-15 Printed in Egypt. Egyptian British of Wadi Isla and Hebran, St Katherine Protectorate, Egypt Samy Zalat 1* , Francis Gilbert 2 , Hassan Fadel. Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt. 2. School of Biology

  5. Electrochemical nitridation of metal surfaces

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wang, Heli; Turner, John A.

    2015-06-30

    Electrochemical nitridation of metals and the produced metals are disclosed. An exemplary method of electrochemical nitridation of metals comprises providing an electrochemical solution at low temperature. The method also comprises providing a three-electrode potentiostat system. The method also comprises stabilizing the three-electrode potentiostat system at open circuit potential. The method also comprises applying a cathodic potential to a metal.

  6. Electrochemical fabrication of capacitors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mansour, Azzam N. (Fairfax Sta., VA); Melendres, Carlos A. (Lemont, IL)

    1999-01-01

    A film of nickel oxide is anodically deposited on a graphite sheet held in osition on an electrochemical cell during application of a positive electrode voltage to the graphite sheet while exposed to an electrolytic nickel oxide solution within a volumetrically variable chamber of the cell. An angularly orientated x-ray beam is admitted into the cell for transmission through the deposited nickel oxide film in order to obtain structural information while the film is subject to electrochemical and in-situ x-ray spectroscopy from which optimum film thickness, may be determined by comparative analysis for capacitor fabrication purposes.

  7. Electrochemical membrane incinerator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Johnson, Dennis C. (Ames, IA); Houk, Linda L. (Ames, IA); Feng, Jianren (Ames, IA)

    2001-03-20

    Electrochemical incineration of p-benzoquinone was evaluated as a model for the mineralization of carbon in toxic aromatic compounds. A Ti or Pt anode was coated with a film of the oxides of Ti, Ru, Sn and Sb. This quaternary metal oxide film was stable; elemental analysis of the electrolyzed solution indicated the concentration of these metal ions to be 3 .mu.g/L or less. The anode showed good reactivity for the electrochemical incineration of benzoquinone. The use of a dissolved salt matrix as the so-called "supporting electrolyte" was eliminated in favor of a solid-state electrolyte sandwiched between the anode and cathode.

  8. Separators for electrochemical cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Carlson, Steven Allen; Anakor, Ifenna Kingsley

    2014-11-11

    Provided are separators for use in an electrochemical cell comprising (a) an inorganic oxide and (b) an organic polymer, wherein the inorganic oxide comprises organic substituents. Preferably, the inorganic oxide comprises an hydrated aluminum oxide of the formula Al.sub.2O.sub.3.xH.sub.2O, wherein x is less than 1.0, and wherein the hydrated aluminum oxide comprises organic substituents, preferably comprising a reaction product of a multifunctional monomer and/or organic carbonate with an aluminum oxide, such as pseudo-boehmite and an aluminum oxide. Also provided are electrochemical cells comprising such separators.

  9. Category 1: World's best journals Journal of Banking and Finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Zhengjun

    Category 1: World's best journals Journal of Banking and Finance Journal of Finance Journal: Leading specialist journals Financial Analysts Journal Financial Management Journal of Business Finance and Accounting Journal of Empirical Finance Journal of Financial Econometrics Journal of Financial Education

  10. Input a journal Viewing Journals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    Journals Contents: Input a journal Viewing Journals Deleting a journal Entering jnl into different period Problems Input a journal 1 Login to Bluqube 2 Select 3 Enter relevant Doc type To select the number of journals you will processing & the total credit value 6 Click on 7 Enter brief description 8

  11. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 00: 116 (2013) Parameterised diabatic processes in numerical simulations of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plant, Robert

    2013-01-01

    . S. Plant Department of Meteorology, University of Reading, Reading, United Kingdom Correspondence contributions to be tracked back to their time and location of occurrence. We have used this approach. 2012). Copyright c 2013 Royal Meteorological Society Prepared using qjrms4.cls [Version: 2011/05/18 v1

  12. The Astrophysical Journal, 639:L107L110, 2006 March 10 2006. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ziurys, Lucy M.

    -optically through a reaction chamber, a double- pass system, and then detected by a helium-cooled, InSb hot Society. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A. LABORATORY DETECTION AND PURE ROTATIONAL SPECTRUM OF Al isotopomer have been recorded as well. This study is the first laboratory detection of this molecule, which

  13. The Astrophysical Journal, 561:L211L214, 2001 November 10 2001. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    carries the most sensitive solar hard X-ray imager to date, and it has observed several coronal hard X Society. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A. HARD X-RADIATION FROM A FAST CORONAL EJECTION H. S. Hudson Solar Physics Research Corporation/Institute of Space and Astronautical Sciences, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai

  14. THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 504 : 9961001, 1998 September 10 1998. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahcall, John

    Society. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A. ( SCREENING IN THERMONUCLEAR REACTION RATES IN THE SUN+ect of electrostatic screening by ions and electrons on low­Z thermonuclear reac­ tions in the Sun. We use a mean Ðeld devoted to calculating more accurately the e+ects on the rates of solar fusion reactions of electrostatic

  15. 179BURGESS ET AL: BEE POLLINATION ON FOREST EDGES New Zealand Journal of Ecology (2006) 30(2): 179-190 New Zealand Ecological Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canterbury, University of

    2006-01-01

    , New Zealand 2 Ecology Group, Institute of Natural Resources, Massey University, Private Bag 11222-190 ©New Zealand Ecological Society Available on-line at: http://www.nzes.org.nz/nzje Positive effects.kelly@canterbury.ac.nz) ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Abstract: Positive effects of fragmentation on plant reproduction are uncommon; in a literature review we

  16. doi: 10.1149/1.3250436 2010, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages H5-H7.Electrochem. Solid-State Lett.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodall, Jerry M.

    and light emitting diode LED applica- tions, has been proposed. © 2009 The Electrochemical Society. DOI: 10, the need still exists for a highly efficient true green light-emitting diode LED in the wavelength range

  17. Electrochemical flow capacitors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gogotsi, Yury; Presser, Volker; Kumbar, Emin Caglan

    2015-11-05

    The present invention generally relates to devices for energy storage technologies, and more particularly to electrochemical flow capacitor systems and applications. In some aspects, these flow capacitors have at least one electrode comprising a non-stationary solid or semi-solid composition comprising supercapacitive particles and an electrolytic solvent in electrical communication with at least one current collector, and energy is stored and/or released by charging and/or discharging the electrode(s).

  18. Electrochemical flow capacitors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gogotsi, Yury; Presser, Volker; Kumbur, Emin Caglan

    2015-10-27

    The present invention generally relates to devices for energy storage technologies, and more particularly to electrochemical flow capacitor systems and applications. In some aspects, these flow capacitors have at least one electrode comprising a non-stationary solid or semi-solid composition comprising supercapacitive particles and an electrolytic solvent in electrical communication with at least one current collector, and energy is stored and/or released by charging and/or discharging the electrode(s).

  19. Remote electrochemical sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wang, Joseph (Las Cruces, NM); Olsen, Khris (Richland, WA); Larson, David (Las Cruces, NM)

    1997-01-01

    An electrochemical sensor for remote detection, particularly useful for metal contaminants and organic or other compounds. The sensor circumvents technical difficulties that previously prevented in-situ remote operations. The microelectrode, connected to a long communications cable, allows convenient measurements of the element or compound at timed and frequent intervals and instrument/sample distances of ten feet to more than 100 feet. The sensor is useful for both downhole groundwater monitoring and in-situ water (e.g., shipboard seawater) analysis.

  20. ELECTROCHEMICAL POWER FOR TRANSPORTATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cairns, Elton J.; Hietbrink, Earl H.

    1981-01-01

    This section includes some historical background of the rise and fall and subsequent rebirth of the electric vehicle; and a brief discussion of current transportation needs, and environmental and energy utilization issues that resulted in the renewed interest in applying electrochemical energy conversion technology to electric vehicle applications. Although energy utilization has evolved to be the most significant and important issue, the environmental issue will be discussed first in this section only because of its chronological occurrence. The next part of the chapter is a review of passenger and commercial electric vehicle technology with emphasis on vehicle design and demonstrated performance of vehicles with candidate power sources being developed. This is followed by a discussion of electrochemical power source requirements associated with future electric vehicles that can play a role in meeting modern transportation needs. The last part of the chapter includes first a discussion of how to identify candidate electrochemical systems that might be of interest in meeting electric vehicle power source requirements. This is then followed by a review of the current technological status of these systems and a discussion of the most significant problems that must be resolved before each candidate system can be a viable power source.

  1. Login | Become a Member | Contact Us Journals of the American Physical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahar, Sultana Nurun

    Login | Become a Member | Contact Us Journals of the American Physical Society APS News Issue Archives Features Archives Announcements Contact APS News Physics Physics Today Capitol Hill Quarterly Huang, Roger Stuewer, and Blas Cabrera. American Physical Society Sites | APS | Journals | Physics

  2. Advanced Hybrid Water Heater using Electrochemical Compressor...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Advanced Hybrid Water Heater using Electrochemical Compressor Advanced Hybrid Water Heater using Electrochemical Compressor Xergy is using its Electro Chemical Compression (ECC)...

  3. Metal halogen electrochemical cell

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walsh, F.M.

    1986-06-03

    An electrochemical cell is described having a metal anode selected from the group consisting of zinc and cadmium; a bromine cathode; and, an aqueous electrolyte containing a metal bromide, the metal having the same metal as the metal of the anode, the improvement comprising: a bromine complexing agent in the aqueous metal bromide electrolyte consisting solely of a tetraorgano substituted ammonium salt, which salt is soluble of water and forms and substantially water immiscible liquid bromine complex at temperatures in the range of about 10/sup 0/C. to about 60/sup 0/C. and wherein the tetraorgano substituted ammonium salt is selected from asymmetric quaternary ammonium compounds.

  4. Electrochemical thinning of silicon

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Medernach, John W. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1994-01-01

    Porous semiconducting material, e.g. silicon, is formed by electrochemical treatment of a specimen in hydrofluoric acid, using the specimen as anode. Before the treatment, the specimen can be masked. The porous material is then etched with a caustic solution or is oxidized, depending of the kind of structure desired, e.g. a thinned specimen, a specimen, a patterned thinned specimen, a specimen with insulated electrical conduits, and so on. Thinned silicon specimen can be subjected to tests, such as measurement of interstitial oxygen by Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR).

  5. Electrochemical thinning of silicon

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Medernach, J.W.

    1994-01-11

    Porous semiconducting material, e.g. silicon, is formed by electrochemical treatment of a specimen in hydrofluoric acid, using the specimen as anode. Before the treatment, the specimen can be masked. The porous material is then etched with a caustic solution or is oxidized, depending of the kind of structure desired, e.g. a thinned specimen, a specimen, a patterned thinned specimen, a specimen with insulated electrical conduits, and so on. Thinned silicon specimen can be subjected to tests, such as measurement of interstitial oxygen by Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR). 14 figures.

  6. Remote electrochemical sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wang, J.; Olsen, K.; Larson, D.

    1997-10-14

    An electrochemical sensor is described for remote detection, particularly useful for metal contaminants and organic or other compounds. The sensor circumvents technical difficulties that previously prevented in-situ remote operations. The microelectrode, connected to a long communications cable, allows convenient measurements of the element or compound at timed and frequent intervals and instrument/sample distances of ten feet to more than 100 feet. The sensor is useful for both downhole groundwater monitoring and in-situ water (e.g., shipboard seawater) analysis. 21 figs.

  7. Electrochemical planarization for multilevel metallization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Contolini, R.J.; Bernhardt, A.F.; Mayer, S.T. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., Livermore, CA (United States))

    1994-09-01

    The authors describe an electrochemical planarization technology involving electroplating followed by electropolishing, resulting in a very flat surface containing embedded conductors. Electrochemical planarization technology has been used to produce silicon substrate multichip modules. Both the electroplating and electropolishing processes have a thickness uniformity of better than [+-] 2% ([+-]3[sigma]) across a 100 mm wafer.

  8. Electrochemical photovoltaic cells and electrodes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Skotheim, Terje A. (East Patchogue, NY)

    1984-01-01

    Improved electrochemical photovoltaic cells and electrodes for use therein, particularly electrodes employing amorphous silicon or polyacetylene coating are produced by a process which includes filling pinholes or porous openings in the coatings by electrochemical oxidation of selected monomers to deposit insulating polymer in the openings.

  9. Journal q{Nettrochemislry Raven Press, Ltd., New York

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Journal q{Nettrochemislry Raven Press, Ltd., New York 0I992 international Society of Molecular Parasitology,The Rockefeller University,Box 96, 1230York Avenue, New York, NY 10021-6399,U

  10. Journal of Neurochemistry Raven Press, Ltd., New York

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wurtman, Richard

    Journal of Neurochemistry Raven Press, Ltd., New York @ 1992 International Society of the new me- dium. To harvest the cells, their medium was aspirated and the cells washed and scraped off

  11. Journal Entry and Journal Voucher Training

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griggs, Jerrold R.

    Journal Entry and Journal Voucher Training Journal Entry and Journal Voucher Training General Ledger and Accounts Payable November 2015 #12;Page 1 Table of Contents Journal Entry vs. Journal Voucher Page 2 How to create a Journal Entry Pages 3-17 How to Request a Journal Voucher Pages 18-21 Where

  12. Electrochemical sensor for monitoring electrochemical potentials of fuel cell components

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kunz, Harold R. (Vernon, CT); Breault, Richard D. (Coventry, CT)

    1993-01-01

    An electrochemical sensor comprised of wires, a sheath, and a conduit can be utilized to monitor fuel cell component electric potentials during fuel cell shut down or steady state. The electrochemical sensor contacts an electrolyte reservoir plate such that the conduit wicks electrolyte through capillary action to the wires to provide water necessary for the electrolysis reaction which occurs thereon. A voltage is applied across the wires of the electrochemical sensor until hydrogen evolution occurs at the surface of one of the wires, thereby forming a hydrogen reference electrode. The voltage of the fuel cell component is then determined with relation to the hydrogen reference electrode.

  13. P324 ECS Journal of Solid State Science and Technology, 2 (7) P324-P331 (2013) 2162-8769/2013/2(7)/P324/8/$31.00 The Electrochemical Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    of making ohmic contacts to buried III-V films using silicide metallurgies has been established. Ni-end processing steps (typically temperatures up to 500 C). Nickel sili- cide metallurgies, which are standard

  14. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 2010, 19(8), B1180-B1185, doi: 10.1149/1.3430074 NNNiiiccckkkeeelll bbbaaassseeeddd aaannnooodddeeesss fffooorrr sssiiinnngggllleee ccchhhaaammmbbbeeerrr sssooollliiiddd oooxxxiiidddeee fffuuueeelll ccceeellllllsss

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Fauriel - 42023 Saint-Étienne Cedex 2, France Abstract Single chamber solid oxide fuel cells (SCFC) are an alternative concept to traditional SOFC's. Conventional anodes, which consist of a cermet of metallic Ni to maintain the nickel particles in the metallic state. Furthermore, at high temperature, the conversion

  15. Renewable-reagent electrochemical sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wang, J.; Olsen, K.B.

    1999-08-24

    A new electrochemical probe(s) design allowing for continuous (renewable) reagent delivery is described. The probe comprises an integrated membrane sampling/electrochemical sensor that prevents interferences from surface-active materials and greatly extends the linear range. The probe(s) is useful for remote or laboratory-based monitoring in connection with microdialysis sampling and electrochemical measurements of metals and organic compounds that are not readily detected in the absence of reacting with the compound. Also disclosed is a method of using the probe(s). 19 figs.

  16. Renewable-reagent electrochemical sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wang, Joseph (Las Cruces, NM); Olsen, Khris B. (Richland, WA)

    1999-01-01

    A new electrochemical probe(s) design allowing for continuous (renewable) reagent delivery. The probe comprises an integrated membrane-sampling/electrochemical sensor that prevents interferences from surface-active materials and greatly extends the linear range. The probe(s) is useful for remote or laboratory-based monitoring in connection with microdialysis sampling and electrochemical measurements of metals and organic compounds that are not readily detected in the absence of reacting with the compound. Also disclosed is a method of using the probe(s).

  17. Process for electrochemically gasifying coal

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Botts, T.E.; Powell, J.R.

    1985-10-25

    A process is claimed for electrochemically gasifying coal by establishing a flowing stream of coal particulate slurry, electrolyte and electrode members through a transverse magnetic field that has sufficient strength to polarize the electrode members, thereby causing them to operate in combination with the electrolyte to electrochemically reduce the coal particulate in the slurry. Such electrochemical reduction of the coal produces hydrogen and carbon dioxide at opposite ends of the polarized electrode members. Gas collection means are operated in conjunction with the process to collect the evolved gases as they rise from the slurry and electrolyte solution. 7 figs.

  18. Electrochemical catalyst recovery method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Silva, L.J.; Bray, L.A.

    1995-05-30

    A method of recovering catalyst material from latent catalyst material solids includes: (a) combining latent catalyst material solids with a liquid acid anolyte solution and a redox material which is soluble in the acid anolyte solution to form a mixture; (b) electrochemically oxidizing the redox material within the mixture into a dissolved oxidant, the oxidant having a potential for oxidation which is effectively higher than that of the latent catalyst material; (c) reacting the oxidant with the latent catalyst material to oxidize the latent catalyst material into at least one oxidized catalyst species which is soluble within the mixture and to reduce the oxidant back into dissolved redox material; and (d) recovering catalyst material from the oxidized catalyst species of the mixture. The invention is expected to be particularly useful in recovering spent catalyst material from petroleum hydroprocessing reaction waste products having adhered sulfides, carbon, hydrocarbons, and undesired metals, and as well as in other industrial applications. 3 figs.

  19. US DRIVE Electrochemical Energy Storage Technical Team Roadmap...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Electrochemical Energy Storage Technical Team Roadmap US DRIVE Electrochemical Energy Storage Technical Team Roadmap This U.S. DRIVE electrochemical energy storage roadmap...

  20. Supported liquid membrane electrochemical separators

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pemsler, J. Paul (Lexington, MA); Dempsey, Michael D. (Revere, MA)

    1986-01-01

    Supported liquid membrane separators improve the flexibility, efficiency and service life of electrochemical cells for a variety of applications. In the field of electrochemical storage, an alkaline secondary battery with improved service life is described in which a supported liquid membrane is interposed between the positive and negative electrodes. The supported liquid membranes of this invention can be used in energy production and storage systems, electrosynthesis systems, and in systems for the electrowinning and electrorefining of metals.

  1. Electrochemical hydrogen Storage Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dr. Digby Macdonald

    2010-08-09

    As the global need for energy increases, scientists and engineers have found a possible solution by using hydrogen to power our world. Although hydrogen can be combusted as a fuel, it is considered an energy carrier for use in fuel cells wherein it is consumed (oxidized) without the production of greenhouse gases and produces electrical energy with high efficiency. Chemical storage of hydrogen involves release of hydrogen in a controlled manner from materials in which the hydrogen is covalently bound. Sodium borohydride and aminoborane are two materials given consideration as chemical hydrogen storage materials by the US Department of Energy. A very significant barrier to adoption of these materials as hydrogen carriers is their regeneration from 'spent fuel,' i.e., the material remaining after discharge of hydrogen. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) formed a Center of Excellence for Chemical Hydrogen Storage, and this work stems from that project. The DOE has identified boron hydrides as being the main compounds of interest as hydrogen storage materials. The various boron hydrides are then oxidized to release their hydrogen, thereby forming a 'spent fuel' in the form of a lower boron hydride or even a boron oxide. The ultimate goal of this project is to take the oxidized boron hydrides as the spent fuel and hydrogenate them back to their original form so they can be used again as a fuel. Thus this research is essentially a boron hydride recycling project. In this report, research directed at regeneration of sodium borohydride and aminoborane is described. For sodium borohydride, electrochemical reduction of boric acid and sodium metaborate (representing spent fuel) in alkaline, aqueous solution has been investigated. Similarly to literature reports (primarily patents), a variety of cathode materials were tried in these experiments. Additionally, approaches directed at overcoming electrostatic repulsion of borate anion from the cathode, not described in the previous literature for electrochemical reduction of spent fuels, have been attempted. A quantitative analytical method for measuring the concentration of sodium borohydride in alkaline aqueous solution has been developed as part of this work and is described herein. Finally, findings from stability tests for sodium borohydride in aqueous solutions of several different compositions are reported. For aminoborane, other research institutes have developed regeneration schemes involving tributyltin hydride. In this report, electrochemical reduction experiments attempting to regenerate tributyltin hydride from tributyltin chloride (a representative by-product of the regeneration scheme) are described. These experiments were performed in the non-aqueous solvents acetonitrile and 1,2-dimethoxyethane. A non-aqueous reference electrode for electrolysis experiments in acetonitrile was developed and is described. One class of boron hydrides, called polyhedral boranes, became of interest to the DOE due to their ability to contain a sufficient amount of hydrogen to meet program goals and because of their physical and chemical safety attributes. Unfortunately, the research performed here has shown that polyhedral boranes do not react in such a way as to allow enough hydrogen to be released, nor do they appear to undergo hydrogenation from the spent fuel form back to the original hydride. After the polyhedral boranes were investigated, the project goals remained the same but the hydrogen storage material was switched by the DOE to ammonia borane. Ammonia borane was found to undergo an irreversible hydrogen release process, so a direct hydrogenation was not able to occur. To achieve the hydrogenation of the spent ammonia borane fuel, an indirect hydrogenation reaction is possible by using compounds called organotin hydrides. In this process, the organotin hydrides will hydrogenate the spent ammonia borane fuel at the cost of their own oxidation, which forms organotin halides. To enable a closed-loop cycle, our task was then to be able to hydrogenate the organotin halides back to th

  2. Electrochemical polishing of notches

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kephart, Alan R. (Scotia, NY); Alberts, Alfred H. (Scotia, NY)

    1989-01-01

    An apparatus and method are disclosed for the selective electrochemical polishing of a lateral tip of a deep longitudinal notch in a work piece used to test crack initiation properties of materials. A DC power source is connected to the work piece and to an electrode disposed laterally along the distal end of an insulated body which is inserted in the longitudinal notch. The electrode and distal end of the body are disposed along the tip of the notch, but are spaced from the notch so as to provide a lateral passage for an electrolyte. The electrolyte is circulated through the passage so that the electrolyte only contacts the work piece adjacent the passage. Conveniently, the electrolyte is circulated by use of an inlet tube and an outlet tube provided at opposite ends of the passage. These tubes are preferably detachably located adjacent the ends of the passage and suitable seals are provided. A holding device including arms to which the tubes are attached is conveniently used to rapidly and easily locate the test specimen with the passage aligned with the tubes. The electrode is preferably a wire which is located in grooves along the distal end of the insulated body and up one side of the body or a plastic sheath insulated thin metal strip.

  3. Electrochemical polishing of notches

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kephart, A.R.; Alberts, A.H.

    1989-02-21

    An apparatus and method are disclosed for the selective electrochemical polishing of a lateral tip of a deep longitudinal notch in a work piece used to test crack initiation properties of materials. A DC power source is connected to the work piece and to an electrode disposed laterally along the distal end of an insulated body which is inserted in the longitudinal notch. The electrode and distal end of the body are disposed along the tip of the notch, but are spaced from the notch so as to provide a lateral passage for an electrolyte. The electrolyte is circulated through the passage so that the electrolyte only contacts the work piece adjacent the passage. Conveniently, the electrolyte is circulated by use of an inlet tube and an outlet tube provided at opposite ends of the passage. These tubes are preferably detachably located adjacent the ends of the passage and suitable seals are provided. A holding device including arms to which the tubes are attached is conveniently used to rapidly and easily locate the test specimen with the passage aligned with the tubes. The electrode is preferably a wire which is located in grooves along the distal end of the insulated body and up one side of the body or a plastic sheath insulated thin metal strip. 4 figs.

  4. J. Electrochem. Soc., Vol. 138, No. 2, February 1991 9 The Electrochemical Society, Inc. 527 Acknowledgments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Economou, Demetre J.

    . Shiraiwa, ibid., 28, 2413 (1989). 23. Q. Sun, K. H. Yao, J. Lagowski, and H.C. Gatos, J. Appl. Phys., 67

  5. Journal of Scientij'ic Exploration, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 93-142, 1988 0892-33 10188 $3.00+.00 Pergamon Press plc. Printed in the USA. 01989 Society for ScientificExploration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .00+.00 Pergamon Press plc. Printed in the USA. 01989 Society for ScientificExploration INVITED ESSAY UFOs and NASA

  6. The Astronomical Journal, 145:54 (12pp), 2013 March doi:10.1088/0004-6256/145/3/54 C 2013. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, Douglas P.

    The Astronomical Journal, 145:54 (12pp), 2013 March doi:10.1088/0004-6256/145/3/54 C 2013 tugs to systematically remove an- gular momentum from the orbit over part of the precession cycle. When

  7. Journal Citation Reports 2014 Journal Citation Reports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yih-Min

    Journal Citation Reports® 2014 2015 #12; · · Journal Citation Reports · Journal Citation Reports · Journal Citation Reports · #12; Web of Science (SCIE, SSCI, AHCI) EndNote Journal Citation · · · · · · #12;JCR #12;Journal Citation Reports Edition ­JCR Science Edition171 8,618 ­JCR Social Sciences

  8. Purpose of journals Some popular statistical journals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich, Brian J.

    Outline · Purpose of journals · Some popular statistical journals · How to structure a journal article · What makes a good journal article? · Editorial structure of a journal · The review process · Submitting a paper · Acting as a referee 1 #12;Purpose of journals Research: The mechanism by which knowledge

  9. Journal Citation Reports Journal Citation Reports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yih-Min

    Journal Citation Reports® 1 #12;· · Journal Citation Reports · Journal Citation Reports · Journal Citation Reports · 2 #12;JCR 3 #12; Web of Science (SCIE, SSCI, AHCI) EndNote Journal Citation;· · · · · · JCR 5 #12;JCR 6 #12;· ­ JCR Science Edition170 8005 ­ JCR Social Sciences Edition 502678 Journal

  10. Sheet electrode for electrochemical systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tsien, Hsue C. (Chatham Township, Morris County, NJ); Newby, Kenneth R. (Berkeley Heights, NJ); Grimes, Patrick G. (Westfield, NJ); Bellows, Richard J. (Westfield, NJ)

    1983-04-12

    An electrochemical cell construction features a novel co-extruded plastic electrode in an interleaved construction with a novel integral separator-spacer. Also featured is a leak and impact resistant construction for preventing the spill of corrosive materials in the event of rupture.

  11. Separator material for electrochemical cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cieslak, Wendy R. (1166 Laurel Loop NE., Albuquerque, NM 87122); Storz, Leonard J. (2215 Ambassador NE., Albuquerque, NM 87112)

    1991-01-01

    An electrochemical cell characterized as utilizing an aramid fiber as a separator material. The aramid fibers are especially suited for lithium/thionyl chloride battery systems. The battery separator made of aramid fibers possesses superior mechanical strength, chemical resistance, and is flame retardant.

  12. Separator material for electrochemical cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cieslak, W.R.; Storz, L.J.

    1991-03-26

    An electrochemical cell is characterized as utilizing an aramid fiber as a separator material. The aramid fibers are especially suited for lithium/thionyl chloride battery systems. The battery separator made of aramid fibers possesses superior mechanical strength, chemical resistance, and is flame retardant.

  13. Recognized Leader in Electrochemical Purification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoppe, Eric

    2013-11-20

    PNNL scientists developed an electrochemical method for purifying copper, a key material that makes possible radiation detection systems of unprecedented sensitivity. The method begins with the purest copper materials available, and results in the lowest-background copper in the world. Chemist Eric Hoppe explains the process.

  14. Recognized Leader in Electrochemical Purification

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Hoppe, Eric

    2014-07-24

    PNNL scientists developed an electrochemical method for purifying copper, a key material that makes possible radiation detection systems of unprecedented sensitivity. The method begins with the purest copper materials available, and results in the lowest-background copper in the world. Chemist Eric Hoppe explains the process.

  15. Journal of Fish Biology (2010) 77, 10061023 doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2010.02746.x, available online at wileyonlinelibrary.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    Journal of Fish Biology (2010) 77, 1006­1023 doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2010.02746.x, available online pressures. © 2010 The Authors Journal compilation © 2010 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles Key; fax: +1 206 860 3335; email: keith.denton@noaa.gov 1006 © 2010 The Authors Journal compilation © 2010

  16. Biochemical Journal Immediate Publication. Published on 03 Oct 2014 as manuscript BJ20140809THISISNOTTHEVERSIONOFRECORD-seedoi:10.1042/BJ20140809 AcceptedManuscript

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Craik, Charles S.

    Biochemical Journal Immediate Publication. Published on 03 Oct 2014 as manuscript BJ20140809 with prior permission and as allowed by law. © 2014 The Authors Journal compilation © 2014 Biochemical Society #12;Biochemical Journal Immediate Publication. Published on 03 Oct 2014 as manuscript BJ20140809

  17. The New England Journal of Medicine Downloaded from nejm.org at Harvard Library on October 16, 2014. For personal use only. No other uses without permission.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alper, Chester A.

    The New England Journal of Medicine Downloaded from nejm.org at Harvard Library on October 16, 2014 Medical Society. All rights reserved. #12;The New England Journal of Medicine Downloaded from nejm Journal of Medicine Downloaded from nejm.org at Harvard Library on October 16, 2014. For personal use only

  18. The New England Journal of Medicine Downloaded from nejm.org at HARVARD UNIVERSITY on October 28, 2013. For personal use only. No other uses without permission.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alper, Chester A.

    The New England Journal of Medicine Downloaded from nejm.org at HARVARD UNIVERSITY on October 28 Massachusetts Medical Society. All rights reserved. #12;The New England Journal of Medicine Downloaded from nejm Journal of Medicine Downloaded from nejm.org at HARVARD UNIVERSITY on October 28, 2013. For personal use

  19. Electrochemical oxygen pumps. Final CRADA report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carter, J. D. Noble, J.

    2009-10-01

    All tasks of the Work Plan of ISTC Project 2277p have been completed, thus: (1) techniques of chemical synthesis were developed for more than ten recipes of electrolyte based on cerium oxide doped with 20 mole% of gadolinium (CeGd)O{sub 2}, doped by more than 10 oxide systems including 6 recipes in addition to the Work Plan; (2) electric conductivity and mechanical strength of CeGd specimens with additions of oxide systems were performed, two candidate materials for the electrolyte of electrochemical oxygen pump (pure CeGd and CeGd doped by 0.2 wt% of a transition metal) were chosen; (3) extended studies of mechanical strength of candidate material specimens were performed at room temperature and at 400, 600, 800 C; (4) fixtures for determination of mechanical strength of tubes by external pressure above 40 atmospheres at temperature up to 700 C were developed and fabricated; and (5) technology of slip casting of tubes from pure (Ce,Gd)O{sub 2} and of (Ce,Gd)O{sub 2} doped by 0.2 wt% of a transition metal, withstanding external pressure of minimum 40 atmospheres at temperature up to 700 C was developed, a batch of tubes was sent for testing to Argonne National Laboratory; (6) technology of making nanopowder from pure (Ce,Gd)O{sub 2} was developed based on chemical synthesis and laser ablation techniques, a batch of nanopowder with the weight 1 kg was sent for testing to Argonne National Laboratory; (7) a business plan for establishing a company for making powders of materials for electrochemical oxygen pump was developed; and (8) major results obtained within the Project were reported at international conferences and published in the Russian journal Electrochemistry. In accordance with the Work Plan a business trip of the following project participants was scheduled for April 22-29, 2006, to Tonawanda, NY, USA: Manager Victor Borisov; Leader of technology development Gennady Studenikin; Leader of business planning Elena Zadorozhnaya; Leader of production Vasily Lepalovsky; and Translator Vladimir Litvinov. During this trip project participants were to discuss with the project Technical Monitor J.D. Carter and representative of Praxair Inc. J. Chen the results of project activities (prospects of transition metal-doped material application in oxygen pumps), as well as the prospects of cooperation with Praxair at the meeting with the company management in the following fields: (1) Deposition of thin films of oxide materials of complex composition on support by magnetron and ion sputtering, research of coatings properties; (2) Development of block-type structure technology (made of porous and dense ceramics) for oxygen pump. The block-type structure is promising because when the size of electrolyte block is 2 x 2 inches and assembly height is 10 inches (5 blocks connected together) the area of active surface is ca. 290 square inches (in case of 8 slots), that roughly corresponds to one tube with diameter 1 inch and height 100 inches. So performance of the system made of such blocks may be by a factor of two or three higher than that of tube-based system. However one month before the visit, J. Chen notified us of internal changes at Praxair and the cancellation of the visit to Tonawanda, NY. During consultations with the project Technical Monitor J.D. Carter and Senior Project Manager A. Taylor a decision was made to extend the project term by 2 quarters to prepare proposals for follow-on activities during this extension (development of block-type structures made of dense and porous oxide ceramics for electrochemical oxygen pumps) using the funds that were not used for the trip to the US.

  20. JOURNAL OF THE WORLD AQUACULTURE SOCIETY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Technique for the Ex Situ Reproduction of Critically Endangered Cyprinids ­ Achondrostoma occidentale as a Case Study F that are subjected to high levels of pollution and habitat degradation (Collares- Pereira and Cowx 2004). Moreover. occidentale (Robalo et al. 2005) occurs in only three small, degraded coastal drainages located north

  1. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dormy, Emmanuel

    ) n(x), where (, n) is the Fr´enet frame. It is then natural to consider an approximation of the type

  2. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basu, Saugata

    ­0347(99)00311­2 Article electronically published on July 20, 1999 COMPUTING ROADMAPS OF SEMI­ALGEBRAIC SETS ON A VARIETY of semi­algebraically connected components ([5], page 34). A roadmap of S, which we denote R(S); is a semi­algebraic set of dimension at most one contained in S which satisfies the roadmap conditions: RM1 For every semi

  3. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollack, Richard

    -0347(99)00311-2 Article electronically published on July 20, 1999 COMPUTING ROADMAPS OF SEMI-ALGEBRAIC SETS ON A VARIETY 34). A roadmap of S, which we denote R(S); is a semi-algebraic set of dimensionat most one contained in S which satis es the roadmap conditions: RM1 For every semi-algebraically connected component C of S, C \\R

  4. Marine Technology Society Journal12 Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    understanding of the composi- tion of Lake Huron sinkhole systems is based on a preliminary 2003 ROV exploration of the Isolated Sinkhole lo- cated 10 miles offshore in theTBNMS at a depth of 93 m (Figure 1), reveal- ing Laboratory Stephen A. Constant University of Michigan Observations of the Middle Island Sinkhole in Lake

  5. Marine Technology Society Journal52 Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schechner, Yoav Yosef

    /Florida Atlantic University Frank M. Caimi IEEE OES Subsea Optics and Vision Technical Chair Yoav Y. Schechner

  6. JOURNAL OF SEDIMENTARY RESEARCH, VOL. 70, NO. 1, JANUARY, 2000, P. 227239 Copyright 2000, SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) 1073-130X/00/070-227/$03.00

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haszeldine, Stuart

    (Society for Sedimentary Geology) 1073-130X/00/070-227/$03.00 ANKERITE CEMENTATION IN DEEPLY BURIED.K. e-mail: j.hendry@qub.ac.uk 2 Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Edinburgh, Grant

  7. Electrochemical synthesis of multisegmented nanowires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kok, Kuan-Ying; Ng, Inn-Khuan; Saidin, Nur Ubaidah

    2012-11-27

    Electrochemical deposition has emerged as a promising route for nanostructure fabrication in recent years due to the many inherent advantages it possesses. This study focuses on the synthesis of high-aspect-ratio multisegmented Au/Ni nanowires using template-directed sequential electrochemical deposition techniques. By selectively removing the Ni segments in the nanowires, high-yield of pure gold nanorods of predetermined lengths was obtained. Alternatively, the sacrificial Ni segments in the nanowires can be galvanically displaced with Bi and Te to form barbells structures with Bi{sub x}Te{sub y} nanotubes attached to neighbouring gold segments. Detailed studies on the nanostructures obtained were carried out using various microscopy, diffraction and probebased techniques for structural, morphological and chemical characterizations.

  8. Solid state electrochemical current source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Potanin, Alexander Arkadyevich (Sarov, RU); Vedeneev, Nikolai Ivanovich (Sarov, RU)

    2002-04-30

    A cathode and a solid state electrochemical cell comprising said cathode, a solid anode and solid fluoride ion conducting electrolyte. The cathode comprises a metal oxide and a compound fluoride containing at least two metals with different valences. Representative compound fluorides include solid solutions of bismuth fluoride and potassium fluoride; and lead fluoride and potassium fluoride. Representative metal oxides include copper oxide, lead oxide, manganese oxide, vanadium oxide and silver oxide.

  9. Compacted carbon for electrochemical cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Greinke, R.A.; Lewis, I.C.

    1997-10-14

    This invention provides compacted carbon that is useful in the electrode of an alkali metal/carbon electrochemical cell of improved capacity selected from the group consisting of: (a) coke having the following properties: (1) an x-ray density of at least 2.00 grams per cubic centimeters, (2) a closed porosity of no greater than 5%, and (3) an open porosity of no greater than 47%; and (b) graphite having the following properties: (1) an x-ray density of at least 2.20 grams per cubic centimeters, (2) a closed porosity of no greater than 5%, and (3) an open porosity of no greater than 25%. This invention also relates to an electrode for an alkali metal/carbon electrochemical cell comprising compacted carbon as described above and a binder. This invention further provides an alkali metal/carbon electrochemical cell comprising: (a) an electrode as described above, (b) a non-aqueous electrolytic solution comprising an organic aprotic solvent and an electrolytically conductive salt and an alkali metal, and (c) a counter electrode. 10 figs.

  10. Shock-activated electrochemical power supplies

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Benedick, W.B.; Graham, R.A.; Morosin, B.

    1987-04-20

    A shock-activated electrochemical power supply is provided which is initiated extremely rapidly and which has a long shelf life. Electrochemical power supplies of this invention are initiated much faster than conventional thermal batteries. Power supplies of this invention comprise an inactive electrolyte and means for generating a high-pressure shock wave such that the shock wave is propagated through the electrolyte rendering the electrolyte electrochemically active. 2 figs.

  11. Shock-activated electrochemical power supplies

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Benedick, W.B.; Graham, R.A.; Morosin, B.

    1988-11-08

    A shock-activated electrochemical power supply is provided which is initiated extremely rapidly and which has a long shelf life. Electrochemical power supplies of this invention are initiated much faster than conventional thermal batteries. Power supplies of this invention comprise an inactive electrolyte and means for generating a high-pressure shock wave such that the shock wave is propagated through the electrolytes rendering the electrolyte electrochemically active. 2 figs.

  12. Shock-activated electrochemical power supplies

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Benedick, William B. (Albuquerque, NM); Graham, Robert A. (Los Lunas, NM); Morosin, Bruno (Albuquerque, NM)

    1988-01-01

    A shock-activated electrochemical power supply is provided which is initiated extremely rapidly and which has a long shelf life. Electrochemical power supplies of this invention are initiated much faster than conventional thermal batteries. Power supplies of this invention comprise an inactive electrolyte and means for generating a high-pressure shock wave such that the shock wave is propagated through the electrolytes rendering the electrolyte electrochemically active.

  13. Electrochemical components employing polysiloxane-derived binders

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Delnick, Frank M.

    2013-06-11

    A processed polysiloxane resin binder for use in electrochemical components and the method for fabricating components with the binder. The binder comprises processed polysiloxane resin that is partially oxidized and retains some of its methyl groups following partial oxidation. The binder is suitable for use in electrodes of various types, separators in electrochemical devices, primary lithium batteries, electrolytic capacitors, electrochemical capacitors, fuel cells and sensors.

  14. Proceedings of the First International Conference (Egyptian British Biological Society, EBB Soc) Egyptian Journal of Biology, 2001, Vol. 3, pp 137-146 Printed in Egypt. Modern Press, Cairo.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    ) Egyptian Journal of Biology, 2001, Vol. 3, pp 137-146 Printed in Egypt. Modern Press, Cairo. Habitat heterogeneity, altitudinal gradients in relation to beetle diversity in South Sinai, Egypt Fayez M Semida1, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt 2.Department of Entomology, Faculty of Science, Cairo University

  15. Solid flexible electrochemical supercapacitor using Tobacco mosaic...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Solid flexible electrochemical supercapacitor using Tobacco mosaic virus nanostructures and ALD ruthenium oxide Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Solid flexible...

  16. Electrochemical NOx Sensor for Monitoring Diesel Emissions

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of oxide electrodes * Decision point: Down select to metal or electronically- conducting oxide electrodes Electrochemical NO x Sensor for Monitoring Diesel Emissions 17 Plans for...

  17. Electrochemical Energy Storage | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Electrochemical Energy Storage Apr 16 2014 08:00 AM - 05:00 PM Multiple Speakers, in multiple disciplines, from multiple institutions ASM International, Oak Ridge Chapter,...

  18. Apparatus for combinatorial screening of electrochemical materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    A high throughput combinatorial screening method and apparatus for the evaluation of electrochemical materials using a single voltage source (2) is disclosed wherein temperature changes arising from the application of an electrical load to a cell array (1) are used to evaluate the relative electrochemical efficiency of the materials comprising the array. The apparatus may include an array of electrochemical cells (1) that are connected to each other in parallel or in series, an electronic load (2) for applying a voltage or current to the electrochemical cells (1), and a device (3), external to the cells, for monitoring the relative temperature of each cell when the load is applied.

    2009-12-15

    A high throughput combinatorial screening method and apparatus for the evaluation of electrochemical materials using a single voltage source (2) is disclosed wherein temperature changes arising from the application of an electrical load to a cell array (1) are used to evaluate the relative electrochemical efficiency of the materials comprising the array. The apparatus may include an array of electrochemical cells (1) that are connected to each other in parallel or in series, an electronic load (2) for applying a voltage or current to the electrochemical cells (1), and a device (3), external to the cells, for monitoring the relative temperature of each cell when the load is applied.

  19. Nanomaterial-Based Electrochemical Biosensors and Bioassays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Guodong; Mao, Xun; Gurung, Anant; Baloda, Meenu; Lin, Yuehe; He, Yuqing

    2010-08-31

    This book chapter summarizes the recent advance in nanomaterials for electrochemical biosensors and bioassays. Biofunctionalization of nanomaterials for biosensors fabrication and their biomedical applications are discussed.

  20. Sandia Energy - Electro-Chemical Processes

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    transients and produce fuels to replace petroleum. Electrochemical devices such as batteries, electrolyzers, and fuel cells are the most promising because of their inherently...

  1. Coating Active Materials for Applications in Electrochemical...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Coating Active Materials for Applications in Electrochemical Devices Technology available for licensing: A process that includes suspendingdissolving an electro-active material...

  2. Electrochemical NOx Sensor for Monitoring Diesel Emissions |...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Sensor for Monitoring Diesel Emissions Electrochemical NOx Sensor for Monitoring Diesel Emissions Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of Vehicle Technologies "Mega" Merit Review...

  3. Template-free electrochemical synthesis of tin nanostructures. (Journal

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail. (Conference)Feedback SystemGimbaled X-RayChinaNanotube Bundles with UniformArticle)

  4. Energy Storage Research and Development 2008 Progress Report

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    J. Mater Sci 43 (2008) 4701-4706. (DOI 10.1007s10853-007-2355-6.) 10 JPS Journal of Power Sources 11 JECS Journal of the Electrochemical Society Page 78 Energy Storage...

  5. Low-Cost Electrochemical Compressor Utilizing Green Refrigerants...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Low-Cost Electrochemical Compressor Utilizing Green Refrigerants for HVAC Applications Low-Cost Electrochemical Compressor Utilizing Green Refrigerants for HVAC Applications...

  6. Graphene-Au Nanoparticles Composite-Based Electrochemical Aptamer...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Graphene-Au Nanoparticles Composite-Based Electrochemical Aptamer Biosensors Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Graphene-Au Nanoparticles Composite-Based Electrochemical...

  7. RISK JOURNALS CATALOGUE 2015 www.risk.net/journal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RISK JOURNALS CATALOGUE 2015 www.risk.net/journal #12;Risk Journals deliver academically rigorous accurately. DISCOVER RISK JOURNALS HOW CAN RISK JOURNALS HELP YOU? www.risk.net/journal Risk Journals deliver strategies, commodities, infrastructures, derivatives, regulation and more. Each quarter Risk Journals

  8. Electrochemical formation of field emitters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bernhardt, Anthony F. (Berkeley, CA)

    1999-01-01

    Electrochemical formation of field emitters, particularly useful in the fabrication of flat panel displays. The fabrication involves field emitting points in a gated field emitter structure. Metal field emitters are formed by electroplating and the shape of the formed emitter is controlled by the potential imposed on the gate as well as on a separate counter electrode. This allows sharp emitters to be formed in a more inexpensive and manufacturable process than vacuum deposition processes used at present. The fabrication process involves etching of the gate metal and the dielectric layer down to the resistor layer, and then electroplating the etched area and forming an electroplated emitter point in the etched area.

  9. Nanoelectrode array for electrochemical analysis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yelton, William G. (Sandia Park, NM); Siegal, Michael P. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2009-12-01

    A nanoelectrode array comprises a plurality of nanoelectrodes wherein the geometric dimensions of the electrode controls the electrochemical response, and the current density is independent of time. By combining a massive array of nanoelectrodes in parallel, the current signal can be amplified while still retaining the beneficial geometric advantages of nanoelectrodes. Such nanoelectrode arrays can be used in a sensor system for rapid, non-contaminating field analysis. For example, an array of suitably functionalized nanoelectrodes can be incorporated into a small, integrated sensor system that can identify many species rapidly and simultaneously under field conditions in high-resistivity water, without the need for chemical addition to increase conductivity.

  10. Method for making an electrochemical cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tuller, Harry L. (Wellesley, MA); Kramer, Steve A. (Somerville, MA); Spears, Marlene A. (Woburn, MA); Pal, Uday B. (Needham, MA)

    1996-01-01

    An electrochemical device including a solid electrolyte and solid electrode composed of materials having different chemical compositions and characterized by different electrical properties but having the same crystalline phase is provided. A method for fabricating an electrochemical device having a solid electrode and solid electrolyte characterized by the same crystalline phase is provided.

  11. Z .Journal of Power Sources 90 2000 5963 www.elsevier.comrlocaterjpowsour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Byungwoo

    Z .Journal of Power Sources 90 2000 59­63 www.elsevier.comrlocaterjpowsour Electrochemical have a voltage penalty of a few hundred millivolts, which reduce the cell voltage and power density, extensive studies have been carried out on Mg­Ni alloys for hydro- w xgen storage materials 6­11 . To study

  12. Bussing Structure In An Electrochemical Cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Romero, Antonio L. (Parkton, MD)

    2001-06-12

    A bussing structure for bussing current within an electrochemical cell. The bussing structure includes a first plate and a second plate, each having a central aperture therein. Current collection tabs, extending from an electrode stack in the electrochemical cell, extend through the central aperture in the first plate, and are then sandwiched between the first plate and second plate. The second plate is then connected to a terminal on the outside of the case of the electrochemical cell. Each of the first and second plates includes a second aperture which is positioned beneath a safety vent in the case of the electrochemical cell to promote turbulent flow of gasses through the vent upon its opening. The second plate also includes protrusions for spacing the bussing structure from the case, as well as plateaus for connecting the bussing structure to the terminal on the case of the electrochemical cell.

  13. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 719:L45L49, 2010 August 10 doi:10.1088/2041-8205/719/1/L45 C 2010. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stewart, Sarah T.

    in determining the distribution of water-rich planets by bulk composition and orbit. The catalog of observed 2010. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A. WATER/ICY SUPER-EARTHS: GIANT IMPACTS AND MAXIMUM WATER CONTENT Robert A. Marcus1 , Dimitar Sasselov1 , Sarah T. Stewart2

  14. The Astrophysical Journal, 794:98 (4pp), 2014 October 20 doi:10.1088/0004-637X/794/2/98 C 2014. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    range may be produced by an atmospheric phenomenon known as ball lightning (BL). If BLs act is typically tens of milliseconds. ball lightning (BLs). Hence, we suggest that perytons are sig- natures. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A. ARE PERYTONS SIGNATURES OF BALL

  15. Buffered Electrochemical Polishing of Niobium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gianluigi Ciovati, Hui Tian, Sean Corcoran

    2011-03-01

    The standard preparation of superconducting radio-frequency (SRF) cavities made of pure niobium include the removal of a 'damaged' surface layer, by buffered chemical polishing (BCP) or electropolishing (EP), after the cavities are formed. The performance of the cavities is characterized by a sharp degradation of the quality factor when the surface magnetic field exceeds about 90 mT, a phenomenon referred to as 'Q-drop'. In cavities made of polycrystalline fine grain (ASTM 5) niobium, the Q-drop can be significantly reduced by a low-temperature ({approx} 120 C) 'in-situ' baking of the cavity if the chemical treatment was EP rather than BCP. As part of the effort to understand this phenomenon, we investigated the effect of introducing a polarization potential during buffered chemical polishing, creating a process which is between the standard BCP and EP. While preliminary results on the application of this process to Nb cavities have been previously reported, in this contribution we focus on the characterization of this novel electrochemical process by measuring polarization curves, etching rates, surface finish, electrochemical impedance and the effects of temperature and electrolyte composition. In particular, it is shown that the anodic potential of Nb during BCP reduces the etching rate and improves the surface finish.

  16. Solid oxide electrochemical reactor science.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sullivan, Neal P.; Stechel, Ellen Beth; Moyer, Connor J.; Ambrosini, Andrea; Key, Robert J.

    2010-09-01

    Solid-oxide electrochemical cells are an exciting new technology. Development of solid-oxide cells (SOCs) has advanced considerable in recent years and continues to progress rapidly. This thesis studies several aspects of SOCs and contributes useful information to their continued development. This LDRD involved a collaboration between Sandia and the Colorado School of Mines (CSM) ins solid-oxide electrochemical reactors targeted at solid oxide electrolyzer cells (SOEC), which are the reverse of solid-oxide fuel cells (SOFC). SOECs complement Sandia's efforts in thermochemical production of alternative fuels. An SOEC technology would co-electrolyze carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) with steam at temperatures around 800 C to form synthesis gas (H{sub 2} and CO), which forms the building blocks for a petrochemical substitutes that can be used to power vehicles or in distributed energy platforms. The effort described here concentrates on research concerning catalytic chemistry, charge-transfer chemistry, and optimal cell-architecture. technical scope included computational modeling, materials development, and experimental evaluation. The project engaged the Colorado Fuel Cell Center at CSM through the support of a graduate student (Connor Moyer) at CSM and his advisors (Profs. Robert Kee and Neal Sullivan) in collaboration with Sandia.

  17. Writing & Journal 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    . Bearing stiffness, damping, and inertia force coefficients are then identified from an impedance matrix in the frequency domain. Dynamic tests for an open ends squeeze film damper at various journal center static (offset) positions are presented for three...

  18. Modeling - Scale-Bridging Simulations Active Materials in Li...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Society, v. 154 (10), pp. A978-A986. 3. Wang, C.-W. and Sastry, A.M., 2007, "Mesoscale Modeling of a Li-Ion Poly Cell," Journal of the Electrochemical Society, v. 154...

  19. NSF WORKSHOP ON SCIENCE JOURNALISM Science Journalism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holsinger, Kent

    NSF WORKSHOP ON SCIENCE JOURNALISM Science Journalism: From 'Little Story on the Prairie retaining factual accuracy -- the key to good sci- ence communication and science journalism. Science journalism aims to transmute scientific concepts and re- sults from jargon-based language often understand

  20. Electrical characterization of electrochemically grown single copper nanowires

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, München

    of a contamination layer or oxidation of the wire. Electrical measurements on electrochemically grown nanowires were

  1. Process for electrochemically gasifying coal using electromagnetism

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Botts, Thomas E. (Markham, VA); Powell, James R. (Shoreham, NY)

    1987-01-01

    A process for electrochemically gasifying coal by establishing a flowing stream of coal particulate slurry, electrolyte and electrode members through a transverse magnetic field that has sufficient strength to polarize the electrode members, thereby causing them to operate in combination with the electrolyte to electrochemically reduce the coal particulate in the slurry. Such electrochemical reduction of the coal produces hydrogen and carbon dioxide at opposite ends of the polarized electrode members. Gas collection means are operated in conjunction with the process to collect the evolved gases as they rise from the slurry and electrolyte solution.

  2. American Nuclear Society Awards

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nuclear Society Awards Established in 1999 by the Fusion Energy Division of the American Nuclear Society (ANS) and named after LLNL's co-founder, the Edward Teller Medal recognizes...

  3. Electrochemical formation of field emitters

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bernhardt, A.F.

    1999-03-16

    Electrochemical formation of field emitters, particularly useful in the fabrication of flat panel displays is disclosed. The fabrication involves field emitting points in a gated field emitter structure. Metal field emitters are formed by electroplating and the shape of the formed emitter is controlled by the potential imposed on the gate as well as on a separate counter electrode. This allows sharp emitters to be formed in a more inexpensive and manufacturable process than vacuum deposition processes used at present. The fabrication process involves etching of the gate metal and the dielectric layer down to the resistor layer, and then electroplating the etched area and forming an electroplated emitter point in the etched area. 12 figs.

  4. Electrolyte for an electrochemical cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bates, J.B.; Dudney, N.J.

    1997-01-28

    Described is a thin-film battery, especially a thin-film microbattery, and a method for making the same having application as a backup or primary integrated power source for electronic devices. The battery includes a novel electrolyte amorphous lithium phosphorus oxynitride which is electrochemically stable and does not react with the lithium anode and a novel vanadium oxide cathode Configured as a microbattery, the battery can be fabricated directly onto a semiconductor chip, onto the semiconductor die or onto any portion of the chip carrier. The battery can be fabricated to any specified size or shape to meet the requirements of a particular application. The battery is fabricated of solid state materials and is capable of operation between {minus}15 C and 150 C. 9 figs.

  5. Electrolyte for an electrochemical cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bates, John B. (Oak Ridge, TN); Dudney, Nancy J. (Knoxville, TN)

    1997-01-01

    Described is a thin-film battery, especially a thin-film microbattery, and a method for making same having application as a backup or primary integrated power source for electronic devices. The battery includes a novel electrolyte amorphous lithium phosphorus oxynitride which is electrochemically stable and does not react with the lithium anode and a novel vanadium oxide cathode Configured as a microbattery, the battery can be fabricated directly onto a semiconductor chip, onto the semiconductor die or onto any portion of the chip carrier. The battery can be fabricated to any specified size or shape to meet the requirements of a particular application. The battery is fabricated of solid state materials and is capable of operation between -15.degree. C. and 150.degree. C.

  6. Cathode for an electrochemical cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bates, John B. (Oak Ridge, TN); Dudney, Nancy J. (Knoxville, TN); Gruzalski, Greg R. (Oak Ridge, TN); Luck, Christopher F. (Knoxville, TN)

    2001-01-01

    Described is a thin-film battery, especially a thin-film microbattery, and a method for making same having application as a backup or primary integrated power source for electronic devices. The battery includes a novel electrolyte which is electrochemically stable and does not react with the lithium anode and a novel vanadium oxide cathode. Configured as a microbattery, the battery can be fabricated directly onto a semiconductor chip, onto the semiconductor die or onto any portion of the chip carrier. The battery can be fabricated to any specified size or shape to meet the requirements of a particular application. The battery is fabricated of solid state materials and is capable of operation between -15.degree. C. and 150.degree. C.

  7. Journal of Applied Mathematics and ISSN 1598-5865

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohseni, Kamran

    1 23 Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computing ISSN 1598-5865 J. Appl. Math. Comput. DOI 10 Society for Computational and Applied Mathematics. This e-offprint is for personal use only and shall mathematical and numerical analysis of the method applied to the one-dimensional Burgers' and Euler equations

  8. BF[subscript 3]-Promoted Electrochemical Properties of Quinoxaline in Propylene Carbonate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diesendruck, Charles E.

    Electrochemical and density functional studies demonstrate that coordination of electrolyte constituents to quinoxalines modulates their electrochemical properties. Quinoxalines are shown to be electrochemically inactive ...

  9. Electrochemical Biosensors: Recommended Definitions and Classification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, George S.; Thé venot, Daniel R.; Toth, Klara; Durst, Richard A.

    1999-01-01

    with an electrochemical transduction element. Because of their ability to be repeatedly calibrated, we recommend that a biosensor should be clearly distinguished from a bioanalytical system, which requires additional processing steps, such as reagent addition. A device...

  10. Development of Microfluidic Devices Incorporating Electrochemical Detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regel, Anne

    2014-05-31

    with electrochemical (EC) detection for the determination of dopamine and nitrite is described. Different fabrication processes were evaluated and optimized to create low cost polymer microchips. A polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)/glass hybrid microchip capable...

  11. Boundary Layer Analysis of Membraneless Electrochemical Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Braff, William

    A mathematical theory is presented for the charging and discharging behavior of membraneless electrochemical cells that rely on slow diffusion in laminar flow to separate the half reactions. Ion transport is described by ...

  12. Electrochemical NOx Sensors for Monitoring Diesel Emissions

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A unique electrochemical sensing strategy correlating the level of NOx with an impedance-based signal shows promise for sensitivity, stability, and accuracy while incorporating single-cell structures and simple electronics into low-cost designs

  13. Microfluidic Actuation Using Electrochemically Generated Bubbles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sachs, Frederick

    Microfluidic Actuation Using Electrochemically Generated Bubbles Susan Z. Hua,*, Frederick Sachs, Buffalo, New York 14260 Bubble-based actuation in microfluidic applications is attractive owing closing) rate increases with applied voltage, small microfluidic dimensions accelerate bubble deflation

  14. System and method for networking electrochemical devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Williams, Mark C. (Morgantown, WV); Wimer, John G. (Morgantown, WV); Archer, David H. (Pittsburgh, PA)

    1995-01-01

    An improved electrochemically active system and method including a plurality of electrochemical devices, such as fuel cells and fluid separation devices, in which the anode and cathode process-fluid flow chambers are connected in fluid-flow arrangements so that the operating parameters of each of said plurality of electrochemical devices which are dependent upon process-fluid parameters may be individually controlled to provide improved operating efficiency. The improvements in operation include improved power efficiency and improved fuel utilization in fuel cell power generating systems and reduced power consumption in fluid separation devices and the like through interstage process fluid parameter control for series networked electrochemical devices. The improved networking method includes recycling of various process flows to enhance the overall control scheme.

  15. From corrosion to batteries: Electrochemical interface studies...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    From corrosion to batteries: Electrochemical interface studies Thursday, October 18, 2012 - 11:00am SSRL, Bldg. 137, Rm 226 Dr. Frank Uwe Renner Max-Planck-Institut fr...

  16. Bismuth-based electrochemical stripping analysis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wang, Joseph

    2004-01-27

    Method and apparatus for trace metal detection and analysis using bismuth-coated electrodes and electrochemical stripping analysis. Both anodic stripping voltammetry and adsorptive stripping analysis may be employed.

  17. Feedback Controlled High Frequency Electrochemical Micromachining 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ozkeskin, Fatih Mert

    2008-10-10

    are different from those for silicon. A promising mass production method for micro/meso scale components is electrochemical micromachining. The complex system, however, requires high precision mechanical fixtures and sophisticated instrumentation for proper...

  18. Rechargeable thin-film electrochemical generator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rouillard, Roger (Beloeil, CA); Domroese, Michael K. (South St. Paul, MN); Hoffman, Joseph A. (Minneapolis, MN); Lindeman, David D. (Hudson, WI); Noel, Joseph-Robert-Gaetan (St-Hubert, CA); Radewald, Vern E. (Austin, TX); Ranger, Michel (Lachine, CA); Sudano, Anthony (Laval, CA); Trice, Jennifer L. (Eagan, MN); Turgeon, Thomas A. (Fridley, MN)

    2000-09-15

    An improved electrochemical generator is disclosed. The electrochemical generator includes a thin-film electrochemical cell which is maintained in a state of compression through use of an internal or an external pressure apparatus. A thermal conductor, which is connected to at least one of the positive or negative contacts of the cell, conducts current into and out of the cell and also conducts thermal energy between the cell and thermally conductive, electrically resistive material disposed on a vessel wall adjacent the conductor. The thermally conductive, electrically resistive material may include an anodized coating or a thin sheet of a plastic, mineral-based material or conductive polymer material. The thermal conductor is fabricated to include a resilient portion which expands and contracts to maintain mechanical contact between the cell and the thermally conductive material in the presence of relative movement between the cell and the wall structure. The electrochemical generator may be disposed in a hermetically sealed housing.

  19. Electrochemical chlorination for purifying domestic water supplies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peters, Joseph Ludwig

    1973-01-01

    ELECTROCHEMICAL CHLORINATION FOR PURIFYING DOMESTIC WATER SUPPLIES A Thesis by JOSEPH LUDWIG PETERS' JR' Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1973 Major Subject: Agricultural Engineering ELECTROCHEMICAL CHLORINATION FOR PURIFYING DOMESTIC WATER SUPPLIES A Thesis JOSEPH LUDWIG PETERS, JR. Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) ( ead of epartm nt) (Member...

  20. Electrochemical Energy Storage Technical Team Roadmap

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-06-01

    This U.S. DRIVE electrochemical energy storage roadmap describes ongoing and planned efforts to develop electrochemical energy storage technologies for plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs). The Energy Storage activity comprises a number of research areas (including advanced materials research, cell level research, battery development, and enabling R&D which includes analysis, testing and other activities) for advanced energy storage technologies (batteries and ultra-capacitors).

  1. Journalism in Catalonia During Francoism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reguant, Monserrat

    1999-01-01

    Mester, voJ. xxviii (1 Journalism in Catalonia Duringliterary a century Catalán journalism shaped Catalán historyFor the following study, journalism will be literary corpus

  2. Electrochemical Monitoring of TiO2 Atomic Layer Deposition by Chronoamperometry and Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Edward T.

    Electrochemical Monitoring of TiO2 Atomic Layer Deposition by Chronoamperometry and Scanning) was used to characterize the atomic layer deposition (ALD) of TiO2 on indium-doped tin oxide (ITO). KEYWORDS: atomic layer deposition (ALD), scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM), nanoporous films

  3. American Nuclear Society exchanges of information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Du Temple, O.J.

    2000-07-01

    Many are familiar with the technical journals and other publications that American Nuclear Society (ANS) members receive. However, there is a whole series of documents that is helpful to any nuclear society group for a modest fee or no fee. The author is referring to documents such as the ANS Bylaws and Rules, which have been made available to almost every existing nuclear society in the world. He remembers working with groups from Russia, Europe, China, Japan, Brazil, France, Germany, and others when they sought the experience of ANS in establishing a society. Financial planning guides are available for meetings, international conferences, technical expositions, and teacher workshops. Periodically, the ANS publishes position papers on the uses and handling of fuel materials and other publications helpful to public relations and teacher training courses. A few have had distributions in the hundreds of thousands, and one went as high as 750,000. Some of these have been translated in part into Spanish, French, Portuguese, and Japanese. Nuclear Standards are developed by a series of ANS committees consisting of about 1000 experts--the largest technical operation of ANS. Buyers guides and directories are very helpful in promoting the commerce in the nuclear industry. The Utility Directory covers utilities all over the globe. Radwaste Solutions, the new name for the former Radwaste Magazine, covers the efforts made by all sectors--private, government, and utility--to deal with radioactive waste. In the author's opinion, the one area in which all societies are weak is in interfacing with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Since his retirement 9 yr ago, he has become much more aware of the IAEA as a news and technical information source. The ANS is trying to be more aware of what the IAEA is doing for everyone.

  4. The ANZIAM Journal http://journals.cambridge.org/ANZ

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stokes, Yvonne

    The ANZIAM Journal http://journals.cambridge.org/ANZ Additional services for The ANZIAM Journal1446181112000120 Request Permissions : Click here Downloaded from http://journals.cambridge.org/ANZ, IP address

  5. Rank Journal title Eigenfactor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rank Journal title 2014 Total Cites 2014 Impact Factor 5-Year Impact Factor Immediacy Index 2013 Articles Cited Half-life Eigenfactor® Score Article Influence® Score 1 JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC LITERATURE 5861 ACADEMY OF MANAGEMENT JOURNAL 22351 6.448 9.812 0.653 72 >10.0 0.02813 5.738 5 QUARTERLY JOURNAL

  6. JOURNALS SUBSCRIPTION CATALOG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mateo, Jill M.

    JOURNALS SUBSCRIPTION CATALOG :: 2015 #12;CHICAGO JOURNALS Dear Colleagues, Publishing important values get downgraded or even lost. This is not the case for the journals program varied constituencies has translated into significant growth for our journals program over the past year

  7. Rank Journal title Eigenfactor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rank Journal title 2013 Total Cites 2013 Impact Factor 5-Year Impact Factor Immediacy Index 2013 Articles Cited Half-life Eigenfactor® Score Article Influence® Score 1 JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC LITERATURE 5479 JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS 16827 5.966 9.126 0.775 40 >10.0 0.05316 14.78 5 ACADEMY OF MANAGEMENT JOURNAL 19426

  8. Journaling of Journal Is (Almost) Free Kai Shen Stan Park

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Kai

    Journaling of Journal Is (Almost) Free Kai Shen Stan Park Meng Zhu University of Rochester Abstract through rollback-recovery journaling or write-ahead log- ging. They further rely on file system journaling to pro- tect the file system structure and metadata. Such journal- ing of journal appears to violate

  9. Guide to journal rankings 1. What are journal rankings?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCusker, Guy

    Opus Guide to journal rankings 1. What are journal rankings? Journal rankings are metrics that provide information on how a journal performs in comparison with other journals in the same discipline. Articles in high impact journals are more likely to be cited. Good citation counts are often considered

  10. Research Society Fellow

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Research Society (MRS). Hoagland is cited for "outstanding contributions in fracture mechanics and atomistic modeling of dislocation mechanisms of deformation and fracture of...

  11. On the Electrochemical Response of Porous Functionalized Graphene Electrodes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aksay, Ilhan A.

    devices such as fuel cells6-8 or dye-sensitized solar cells,9-12 where porosity enables the diffusive a significant impact on effective kinetics of electrochemical reactions. With the advent of electrochemical

  12. The electrochemical synthesis of TiC reinforced Fe based composite powder from titanium-rich slag

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Lin; Song, Qiushi; Xu, Qian; Ning, Zhiqiang; Lu, Xionggang; Fray, Derek

    2015-03-18

    in equation (3)-(5) at 800?. (3) (4) (5) Fig.3 XRD patterns of the pellets with (a) 5wt% C and (b) 10%C electrolyzed for 24h. It is concluded that the composition of the carbides in the final product can be Page 8 of 17New Journal of Chemistry N ew... in the cathode can be electrochemically reduced, which leads to a higher electric conductivity for the cathode than the initial material. Fig.4. XRD patterns of the pellets with5wt% C and 10wt% C electrolyzed for different durations. In the second stage...

  13. OVERVIEW OF THE APPLIED BATTERY AND ELECTROCHEMICAL RESEARCH PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLarnon, Frank

    2012-01-01

    ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT DIVISION APPLIED BATTERY AND ELECTROCHEMICAL RESEARCH PROGRAM CONDUCT RESEARCH 30 SUBCONTRACTORS 9 IN-HOUSE PROJECTS

  14. Electrochemical detector integrated on microfabricated capillary electrophoresis chips

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mathies, Richard A. (Moraga, CA); Glazer, Alexander N. (Orinda, CA); Lao, Kaiqin (San Francisco, CA); Woolley, Adam T. (Albany, CA)

    1999-01-01

    A microfabricated capillary electrophoresis chip which includes an integral thin film electrochemical detector for detecting molecules separated in the capillary.

  15. Electrochemical detector integrated on microfabricated capilliary electrophoresis chips

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mathies, Richard A. (Moraga, CA); Glazer, Alexander N. (Orinda, CA); Woolley, Adam T. (Albany, CA); Lao, Kaigin (San Francisco, CA)

    2000-01-01

    A microfabricated capillary electrophoresis chip which includes an integral thin film electrochemical detector for detecting molecules separated in the capillary.

  16. Lithium based electrochemical cell systems having a degassing agent

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hyung, Yoo-Eup (Naperville, IL); Vissers, Donald R. (Naperville, IL); Amine, Khalil (Downers Grove, IL)

    2012-05-01

    A lithium based electrochemical cell system includes a positive electrode; a negative electrode; an electrolyte; and a degassing agent.

  17. The intersection of interfacial forces and electrochemical reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    Electrochem. Soc. (61) Pourbaix, M. Atlas of Electrochemicalas well as the calculated Pourbaix diagram for gold. 61 The

  18. Lithium-Assisted Electrochemical Welding in Silicon Nanowire Battery Electrodes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Teng

    Lithium-Assisted Electrochemical Welding in Silicon Nanowire Battery Electrodes Khim Karki, Eric of lithium- assisted welding between physically contacted silicon nano- wires (SiNWs) induced by electrochemical lithiation and delithiation. This electrochemical weld between two SiNWs demonstrates facile

  19. Capacitance studies of cobalt oxide films formed via electrochemical precipitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weidner, John W.

    Capacitance studies of cobalt oxide films formed via electrochemical precipitation Venkat prepared by electrochemically precipitating the hydroxide and heating it in air to form Co3O4, it is desirable to study the generality of the electrochemical precipitation technique as a means of fab- ricating

  20. Gas permeable electrode for electrochemical system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ludwig, Frank A. (Rancho Palos Verdes, CA); Townsend, Carl W. (Los Angeles, CA)

    1989-01-01

    An electrode apparatus adapted for use in electrochemical systems having an anode compartment and a cathode compartment in which gas and ions are produced and consumed in the compartments during generation of electrical current. The electrode apparatus includes a membrane for separating the anode compartment from the cathode compartment wherein the membrane is permeable to both ions and gas. The cathode and anode for the assembly are provided on opposite sides of the membrane. During use of the membrane-electrode apparatus in electrochemical cells, the gas and ions generated at the cathode or anode migrate through the membrane to provide efficient transfer of gas and ions between the anode and cathode compartments.

  1. Electrochemical apparatus comprising modified disposable rectangular cuvette

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dattelbaum, Andrew M; Gupta, Gautam; Morris, David E

    2013-09-10

    Electrochemical apparatus includes a disposable rectangular cuvette modified with at least one hole through a side and/or the bottom. Apparatus may include more than one cuvette, which in practice is a disposable rectangular glass or plastic cuvette modified by drilling the hole(s) through. The apparatus include two plates and some means of fastening one plate to the other. The apparatus may be interfaced with a fiber optic or microscope objective, and a spectrometer for spectroscopic studies. The apparatus are suitable for a variety of electrochemical experiments, including surface electrochemistry, bulk electrolysis, and flow cell experiments.

  2. Tunable Electrochemical Properties of Fluorinated Graphene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meduri, Praveen; Chen, Honghao; Xiao, Jie; Martinez, Jayson J.; Carlson, Thomas J.; Zhang, Jiguang; Deng, Zhiqun

    2013-06-18

    The structural and electrochemical properties of fluorinated graphene have been investigated by using a series of graphene fluorides (CFx, x=0.47, 0.66, 0.89). Fluorinated graphene exhibited high capacity retentions of 75-81% of theoretical capacity at moderate rates as cathode materials for primary lithium batteries. Specifically, CF0.47 maintained a capacity of 356 mAhg-1 at a 5C rate, superior to that of traditional fluorinated graphite. The discharged graphene fluorides also provide an electrochemical tool to probe the chemical bonding on the parent graphene substrate.

  3. Nanomaterial Labels in Electrochemical Immunosensors and Immunoassays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Guodong; Lin, Yuehe

    2007-12-15

    This article reviews recent advances in nanomaterial labels in electrochemical immunosensors and immunoassays. Various nanomaterial labels are discussed, including colloidal gold/silver, semiconductor nanoparticles, and markers loaded nanocarriers (carbon nanotubes, apoferritin, silica nanoparticles, and liposome beads). The enormous signal enhancement associated with the use of nanomaterial labels and with the formation of nanomaterial–antibody-antigen assemblies provides the basis for ultrasensitive electrochemical detection of disease-related protein biomarkers, biothreat agents, or infectious agents. In general, all endeavors cited here are geared to achieve one or more of the following goals: signal amplification by several orders of magnitude, lower detection limits, and detecting multiple targets.

  4. Tallahassee Scientific Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Jeffrey E.

    Tallahassee Scientific Society HORIZONS 2015 THE TALLAHASSEE SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY PRESENTS A SPRING intriguing questions about the world's most feared marine predator from George "Dr. Shark" Burgess, director of the International Shark Attack File, the world's largest collection of information on shark attacks in the world

  5. Separator-spacer for electrochemical systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Grimes, Patrick G. (Westfield, NJ); Einstein, Harry (Springfield, NJ); Newby, Kenneth R. (Berkeley Heights, NJ); Bellows, Richard J. (Westfield, NJ)

    1983-08-02

    An electrochemical cell construction features a novel co-extruded plastic electrode in an interleaved construction with a novel integral separator-spacer. Also featured is a leak and impact resistant construction for preventing the spill of corrosive materials in the event of rupture.

  6. Minimizing electrode contamination in an electrochemical cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kim, Yu Seung; Zelenay, Piotr; Johnston, Christina

    2014-12-09

    An electrochemical cell assembly that is expected to prevent or at least minimize electrode contamination includes one or more getters that trap a component or components leached from a first electrode and prevents or at least minimizes them from contaminating a second electrode.

  7. Method of constructing an improved electrochemical cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Grimes, Patrick G. (Westfield, NJ); Einstein, Harry (Springfield, NJ)

    1984-10-09

    An electrochemical cell construction features a novel co-extruded plastic electrode in an interleaved construction with a novel integral separator-spacer. Also featured is a leak and impact resistant construction for preventing the spill of corrosive materials in the event of rupture.

  8. BioElectrochemically Assisted Microbial Reactor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dongwon

    microbial fuel cell-based technologies. Bruce Logan and John M. Regan Hydrogen Energy CenterBioElectrochemically Assisted Microbial Reactor (BEAMR) The BEAMR reactor uses only >0.2 V needed/mol) expected Energy recovery from acetate: 5x the energy in electricity used recovered as H2 (heat

  9. Characterization of electrochemically modified polycrystalline platinum surfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krebs, L.C.; Ishida, Takanobu

    1991-12-01

    The characterization of electrochemically modified polycrystalline platinum surfaces has been accomplished through the use of four major electrochemical techniques. These were chronoamperometry, chronopotentiommetry, cyclic voltammetry, and linear sweep voltammetry. A systematic study on the under-potential deposition of several transition metals has been performed. The most interesting of these were: Ag, Cu, Cd, and Pb. It was determined, by subjecting the platinum electrode surface to a single potential scan between {minus}0.24 and +1.25 V{sub SCE} while stirring the solution, that the electrocatalytic activity would be regenerated. As a consequence of this study, a much simpler method for producing ultra high purity water from acidic permanganate has been developed. This method results in water that surpasses the water produced by pyrocatalytic distillation. It has also been seen that the wettability of polycrystalline platinum surfaces is greatly dependent on the quantity of oxide present. Oxide-free platinum is hydrophobic and gives a contact angle in the range of 55 to 62 degrees. We have also modified polycrystalline platinum surface with the electrically conducting polymer poly-{rho}-phenylene. This polymer is very stable in dilute sulfuric acid solutions, even under applied oxidative potentials. It is also highly resistant to electrochemical hydrogenation. The wettability of the polymer modified platinum surface is severely dependent on the choice of supporting electrolyte chosen for the electrochemical polymerization. Tetraethylammonium tetrafluoroborate produces a film that is as hydrophobic as Teflon, whereas tetraethylammonium perchlorate produces a film that is more hydrophilic than oxide-free platinum.

  10. Journal Publications (Peer-Reviewed) 1. Wang, Q,; Zhang, Z.; Gao, Y.; Wu, J.; Duan, L.; Sun, L.; Guo, Z. Synthesis and Characterization of Co-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chandy, John A.

    1 Journal Publications (Peer-Reviewed) 1. Wang, Q,; Zhang, Z.; Gao, Y.; Wu, J.; Duan, L.; Sun, L, H.; Yan, X.; Huang, Y.; Shao, L.; He, Q.; Zhu, J.; Sun, L.; Kucknoor, A. S.; Wang, A.; Guo, Z.; Sun, L. Synthesis, Optical and Electrochemical Properties of ZnO Nanowires/Graphene Oxide

  11. Open Archive TOULOUSE Archive Ouverte (OATAO) OATAO is an open access repository that collects the work of Toulouse researchers and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    for capacitive storage devices. We demonstrate the efficacy of these electrodes in a hybrid electrochemical cell pervasive, the use of electrochemical capaci- tors (ECs) as electrical energy storage devices is finding of Nanostructured Nb2O5 Electrodes. (2014) Journal of The Electrochemical Society (JES), vol. 161 (n° 5). pp. A718-A

  12. VIETNAM JOURNAL Mathematical Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Primicerio, Mario

    VIETNAM JOURNAL OF Mathematical Applications Vol.12, N. 2, 2014, 25 -48 MATHEMATICAL MODELS and governed by suitable non-negative coefficients of "social promotion" k #12;26 Vietnam Journal

  13. Templeman Library Journal loan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    Templeman Library Journal loan Only postgraduate students or academic staff can borrow journals ............................................................................ * Initials ............................................................................ * Library card number ............................................................................ Fields marked * are required The item will be issued to your Library account for one week, normally

  14. Journal of Fluid Mechanics http://journals.cambridge.org/FLM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marusic, Ivan

    Journal of Fluid Mechanics http://journals.cambridge.org/FLM Additional services for Journal of a turbulent round jet and a turbulent boundary layer T. B. NICKELS and IVAN MARUSIC Journal of Fluid Mechanics 2001 Link to this article: http://journals.cambridge.org/abstract_S002211200100619X How to cite

  15. Journal of Fluid Mechanics http://journals.cambridge.org/FLM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nolan, David S.

    Journal of Fluid Mechanics http://journals.cambridge.org/FLM Additional services for Journal circulations David S. Nolan Journal of Fluid Mechanics / Volume 711 / November 2012, pp 61 100 DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2012.369, Published online: 19 September 2012 Link to this article: http://journals

  16. Journal of Fluid Mechanics http://journals.cambridge.org/FLM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Journal of Fluid Mechanics http://journals.cambridge.org/FLM Additional services for Journal. Paoletti and Harry L. Swinney Journal of Fluid Mechanics / Volume 706 / September 2012, pp 571 583 DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2012.284, Published online: 13 July 2012 Link to this article: http://journals

  17. Journal interaction A bibliometric analysis of economics journals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Journal interaction A bibliometric analysis of economics journals Tove Faber Frandsen1 Royal journals. The proposed method controls for the different characteristics of the journals as well Author manuscript, published in "Journal of Documentation 61, 3 (2005) 385-401" #12;2 economics

  18. Journal Title Journal Homepage ISSN Full text Accounting and Finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddiqi, Sajjad Ahmed

    Journal Title Journal Homepage ISSN Full text from Accounting and Finance Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal www.emeraldinsight.com/aaj.htm 0951- 3574 1988 International Journal of Managerial Finance www.emeraldinsight.com/ijmf.htm 1743- 9132 2005 Journal of Accounting & Organizational Change www

  19. Journal of Fluid Mechanics http://journals.cambridge.org/FLM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marusic, Ivan

    Journal of Fluid Mechanics http://journals.cambridge.org/FLM Additional services for Journal. Hutchins, J. P. Monty, D. Chung and I. Marusic Journal of Fluid Mechanics / Volume 712 / December 2012, pp 61 91 DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2012.398, Published online: 27 September 2012 Link to this article: http://journals

  20. Journal of Fluid Mechanics http://journals.cambridge.org/FLM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marusic, Ivan

    Journal of Fluid Mechanics http://journals.cambridge.org/FLM Additional services for Journal. MARUSIC Journal of Fluid Mechanics / Volume 662 / November 2010, pp 514 539 DOI: 10.1017/S0022112010003381, Published online: 22 September 2010 Link to this article: http://journals

  1. Journal of Fluid Mechanics http://journals.cambridge.org/FLM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marusic, Ivan

    Journal of Fluid Mechanics http://journals.cambridge.org/FLM Additional services for Journal of transpiration James D. Woodcock, John E. Sader and Ivan Marusic Journal of Fluid Mechanics / Volume 690 to this article: http://journals.cambridge.org/abstract_S0022112011004411 How to cite this article: James D

  2. Journal of Fluid Mechanics http://journals.cambridge.org/FLM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marusic, Ivan

    Journal of Fluid Mechanics http://journals.cambridge.org/FLM Additional services for Journal in wallbounded flows ROMAIN MATHIS, NICHOLAS HUTCHINS and IVAN MARUSIC Journal of Fluid Mechanics / Volume 681: http://journals.cambridge.org/abstract_S0022112011002163 How to cite this article: ROMAIN MATHIS

  3. American Physical Society Awards

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    professional societies for gauging the quality of R&D done at the Laboratory. The APS sponsors a number of awards including the John Dawson Award of Excellence in Plasma...

  4. Journal title 2010 Impact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrara, Emilio

    Journal title 2010 Impact Factor Information Sciences 2.833 Web Semantics 2.789 Artificial Intelligence 2.511 Future Generation Computer Systems 2.365 International Journal of Medical Informatics 2.244 Applied Soft Computing Journal 2.084 Expert Systems With Applications 1.924 Fuzzy Sets And Systems 1

  5. Electrochemical and Photophysical Properties of electropolymerized

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfate Reducing(Journal Article) | SciTech(Journal Article) |Continuum (Technical(Conference)

  6. Electrochemical apparatus comprising modified disposable rectangular

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfate Reducing(Journal Article) | SciTech(Journal Article) |Continuum (Technical(Conference)cuvette

  7. Electrochemical apparatus comprising modified disposable rectangular

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfate Reducing(Journal Article) | SciTech(Journal Article) |Continuum

  8. Electronic Structure Modeling of Electrochemical Reactions at

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfate Reducing(Journal Article) | SciTech(Journal Article)at the Linac CoherentArticle)

  9. Volume 47 Number 5 September/October 2013 TheInternational,InterdisciplinarySocietyDevotedtoOceanandMarineEngineering,Science,andPolicy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Stephen L.

    of Anne Karin Magnusson); Carnegie Wave Energy's© submerged buoy off western Australia; and (overhead,InterdisciplinarySocietyDevotedtoOceanandMarineEngineering,Science,andPolicy Journal The State of Technology in 2013 #12;Front Cover: A global perspective highlighting some of the key technology advances described in this issue (insets left-to-right): An artist's depiction of a fully

  10. Electrochemical Processing of Used Nuclear Fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    K. M. Goff; J. C. Wass; G. M. Teske

    2011-08-01

    As part of the Department of Energy’s Fuel Cycle Research and Development Program an electrochemical technology employing molten salts is being developed for recycle of metallic fast reactor fuel and treatment of light water reactor oxide fuel to produce a feed for fast reactors. This technology has been deployed for treatment of used fuel from the Experimental Breeder Reactor II (EBR-II) in the Fuel Conditioning Facility, located at the Materials and Fuel Complex of Idaho National Laboratory. This process is based on dry (non-aqueous) technologies that have been developed and demonstrated since the 1960s. These technologies offer potential advantages compared to traditional aqueous separations including: compactness, resistance to radiation effects, criticality control benefits, compatibility with advanced fuel types, and ability to produce low purity products. This paper will summarize the status of electrochemical development and demonstration activities with used nuclear fuel, including preparation of associated high-level waste forms.

  11. Gas permeable electrode for electrochemical system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ludwig, F.A.; Townsend, C.W.

    1989-09-12

    An electrode apparatus is described which is adapted for use in electrochemical systems having an anode compartment and a cathode compartment in which gas and ions are produced and consumed in the compartments during generation of electrical current. The electrode apparatus includes a membrane for separating the anode compartment from the cathode compartment wherein the membrane is permeable to both ions and gas. The cathode and anode for the assembly are provided on opposite sides of the membrane. During use of the membrane-electrode apparatus in electrochemical cells, the gas and ions generated at the cathode or anode migrate through the membrane to provide efficient transfer of gas and ions between the anode and cathode compartments. 3 figs.

  12. Lienert named American Welding Society Fellow

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lienert Named American Welding Society Fellow Lienert named American Welding Society Fellow Lienert was inducted into the American Welding Society's 2012 Class of Fellows during...

  13. Electrochemically controlled charging circuit for storage batteries

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Onstott, E.I.

    1980-06-24

    An electrochemically controlled charging circuit for charging storage batteries is disclosed. The embodiments disclosed utilize dc amplification of battery control current to minimize total energy expended for charging storage batteries to a preset voltage level. The circuits allow for selection of Zener diodes having a wide range of reference voltage levels. Also, the preset voltage level to which the storage batteries are charged can be varied over a wide range.

  14. Electrochemical Hydrogen Compression (EHC) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based|DepartmentStatementofAprilof EnergyBreakout SessionElectrochemical

  15. ABOUT THE JOURNAL One of the oldest journals in geology, The Journal of Geology has

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mateo, Jill M.

    ABOUT THE JOURNAL One of the oldest journals in geology, The Journal of Geology has promoted the systematic philosophical and fundamental study of geology since 1893. The Journal publishes original research are available for rental. For more information contact: J-advertising@press.uchicago.edu Journal of Geology

  16. AMS Journals Online AMS Home Journals Home Journal Archive Subscribe For Authors Help Advanced Search

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sign in AMS Journals Online AMS Home Journals Home Journal Archive Subscribe For Authors Help. Shigeo Yoden Theme Description: This special collection of the Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences and PDF articles in the technical journals is limited to paid subscribers. denotes open access content. D

  17. Tips for Reading Scholarly and Journal Articles What is a scholarly journal/journal article?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, Barry B.

    Tips for Reading Scholarly and Journal Articles What is a scholarly journal/journal article? The purpose of research is to find and create new knowledge. Scholarly journals, and the peerreviewed to date in their research fields, faculty members are often reading several books and journals at the same

  18. Sealed joint structure for electrochemical device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tucker, Michael C; Jacobson, Craig P; De Jonghe, Lutgard C; Visco, Steven J

    2013-05-21

    Several members make up a joint in a high-temperature electrochemical device, wherein the various members perform different functions. The joint is useful for joining multiple cells (generally tubular modules) of an electrochemical device to produce a multi-cell segment-in-series stack for a solid oxide fuel cell, for instance. The joint includes sections that bond the joining members to each other; one or more seal sections that provide gas-tightness, and sections providing electrical connection and/or electrical insulation between the various joining members. A suitable joint configuration for an electrochemical device has a metal joint housing, a first porous electrode, a second porous electrode, separated from the first porous electrode by a solid electrolyte, and an insulating member disposed between the metal joint housing and the electrolyte and second electrode. One or more brazes structurally and electrically connects the first electrode to the metal joint housing and forms a gas tight seal between the first electrode and the second electrode.

  19. Method of determining methane and electrochemical sensor therefor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zaromb, Solomon (Hinsdale, IL); Otagawa, Takaaki (Westmont, IL); Stetter, Joseph R. (Naperville, IL)

    1986-01-01

    A method and instrument including an electrochemical cell for the detection and measurement of methane in a gas by the oxidation of methane electrochemically at a working electrode in a nonaqueous electrolyte at a voltage about about 1.4 volts versus R.H.E. (the reversible hydrogen electrode potential in the same electrolyte), and the measurement of the electrical signal resulting from the electrochemical oxidation.

  20. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology Vol. 28 No. 5, P. 1055-1067, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Shang-Ping

    Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology Vol. 28 No. 5, P. 1055-1067, 2010 DOI: 10.1007/s00343 Dynamics, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510301, China 2 Jan. 29, 2010; revision accepted Jun. 2, 2010 © Chinese Society for Oceanology and Limnology, Science

  1. Journal of Oceanography, Vol. 66, pp. 709 to 717, 2010 Near-inertial wave,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhode Island, University of

    . Introduction The ultimate fate of wind-induced near-inertial waves (NIWs) after their generation at the ocean709 Journal of Oceanography, Vol. 66, pp. 709 to 717, 2010 Keywords: Near-inertial wave, Kuroshio. * Corresponding author. E-mail: jpark@gso.uri.edu Copyright©The Oceanographic Society of Japan

  2. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH Volume 24, Number 2, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ritchie, Robert

    JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH Volume 24, Number 2, 2009 Published online on October 13, 2008; doi: 10.1359/JBMR.81005 Ó 2009 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research Prolonged Treatments With Antiresorptive Agents and PTH Have Different Effects on Bone Strength and the Degree of Mineralization in Old

  3. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH Volume 24, Number 11, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burgoyne, Chris

    JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH Volume 24, Number 11, 2009 Published online on May 4, 2009; doi: 10.1359/JBMR.090504 Ó 2009 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research Femoral Neck Trabecular fracture cases have sufficient trabecular bone for anabolic therapies to build on. J Bone Miner Res 2009;24:1808

  4. International Journal of Computational Linguistics &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;#12;International Journal of Computational Linguistics & Chinese Language Processing The editing of this journal is subsidized by Center for Humanities Research National Science Council in 2009. Aims and Scope International Journal of Computational Linguistics and Chinese Language Processing

  5. International Journal of Computational Linguistics &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;#12;International Journal of Computational Linguistics & Chinese Language Processing The editing of this journal is subsidized by Center for Humanities Research National Science Council in 2010. Aims and Scope International Journal of Computational Linguistics and Chinese Language Processing

  6. Electrochemical Characterization of Voltage Fade in LMR-NMC cells...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Characterization of Voltage Fade in LMR-NMC cells Electrochemical Characterization of Voltage Fade in LMR-NMC cells 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle...

  7. Reactive MD Simulations of Electrochemical Oxide Interfaces at...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    National Laboratory Reactive MD Simulations of Electrochemical Oxide Interfaces at Mesoscale PI Name: Subramanian Sankaranarayanan PI Email: skrssank@anl.gov Institution:...

  8. Variable temperature electrochemical strain microscopy of Sm-doped ceria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jesse, Stephen; Morozovska, A. N.; Kalinin, Sergei V; Eliseev, E. A.; Yang, Nan; Doria, Sandra; Tebano, Antonello

    2013-01-01

    Variable temperature electrochemical strain microscopy has been used to study the electrochemical activity of Sm-doped ceria as a function of temperature and bias. The electrochemical strain microscopy hysteresis loops have been collected across the surface at different temperatures and the relative activity at different temperatures has been compared. The relaxation behavior of the signal at different temperatures has been also evaluated to relate kinetic process during bias induced electrochemical reactions with temperature and two different kinetic regimes have been identified. The strongly non-monotonic dependence of relaxation behavior on temperature is interpreted as evidence for water-mediated mechanisms.

  9. Electrochemical Surface Potential due to Classical Point Charge...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Potential due to Classical Point Charge Models Drives Anion Adsorption to the Air-Water Interface Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Electrochemical Surface Potential...

  10. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: INL Electrochemical...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    company name at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about INL electrochemical performance...

  11. Microbial Electrochemical Technology (MxCs): Challenges and Opportunit...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and Bioproduct Precursors from Wastewaters Workshop held March 18-19, 2015. Microbial Electrochemical Technology (MxCs): Challenges and Opportunities More Documents &...

  12. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: Electrochemical Performance Testing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Argonne National Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about electrochemical...

  13. Modeling and simulations of electrical energy storage in electrochemical capacitors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Hainan

    2013-01-01

    3D nanoarchitec- tures for energy storage and conversion,”functionality in energy storage materials and devices byto electrochemical energy storage in TiO 2 (anatase)

  14. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: INL Electrochemical Performance Testing

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presentation given by Idaho National Laboratory at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about INL electrochemical...

  15. Water at an electrochemical interface - a simulation study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Willard, Adam

    2009-01-01

    Water at an electrochemical interface - a simulation studyof the properties of water in an aqueous ionic solutionis passing. We show how water is strongly attracted to and

  16. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Electrochemical Performance Testing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by Argonne National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about electrochemical...

  17. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: INL Electrochemical Performance Testing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by [company name] at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about INL electrochemical...

  18. Manganese porphyrin multilayer films assembled on ITO electrodes via zirconium phosphonate chemistry: chemical and electrochemical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    chemistry: chemical and electrochemical catalytic oxidation activity So-Hye Cho, SonBinh T. Nguyen of 1.20 V. The electrochemically generated active intermediate exhibited oxidative catalytic activity; styrene epoxidation; supported catalysts; carbamazepine; electrochemical catalytic oxidation. 1

  19. Which Journal Should I Use? NUFinancials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shull, Kenneth R.

    Which Journal Should I Use? NUFinancials Accounting Actuals Journals Correction Journal (COR) Internal Sales Journal (ISJ) Transfer Journal (TFR) Agency Journal (AGY) Used For · Correcting expense department or unit to another inside the University · Correcting a prior internal sales journal · Moving

  20. Portable Analyzer Based on Microfluidics/Nanoengineered Electrochemical Sensors for in Situ Characterization of Mixed Wastes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Joseph

    2006-06-01

    Portable Analyzer Based on Microfluidic/Nanoengineered Electrochemical Sensors for in Situ Characterization of Mixed Wastes PI: Dr. Joseph Wang (In Collaboration with the PNNL PI Dr. Y. Lin). Objective of Research: This research effort aims at developing a portable analytical system for fast, sensitive, and inexpensive, on-site monitoring of toxic transition metals and radionuclides in contaminated DOE Sites. The portable devices will be based on Microscale Total Analytical systems ( -TAS) or 'Lab-on-a-chip' in combination with electrochemical (stripping-voltammetric) sensors. The resulting microfluidics/electrochemical sensor system would allow testing for toxic metals to be performed more rapidly, inexpensively, and reliably in a field setting. Progress Summary/Accomplishments: This report summarizes the ASU activity over the second year of the project. In accordance to our original objectives our studies have focused on various fundamental and practical aspects of sensing and microchip devices for monitoring metal contaminants. As described in this section, we have made a substantial progress, and introduced effective routes for improving the on-site detection of toxic metals and for interfacing microchips with the real world. This activity has already resulted in 7 research papers (published or in press in major international journals). The electrochemical sensors being developed rely on the highly sensitive adsorptive stripping voltammetry (AdSV) technique to detect metal ions of interest to the DOE, particularly uranium and chromium. Traditionally, AdSV measurements of U and Cr require the use of mercury electrodes which are not suitable attractive for field deployment. Our initial goal was thus to replace these toxic mercury electrodes with 'environmentally-friendly' sensor materials. In particular, we demonstrated recently that bismuth-film electrodes offer high-quality measurements of heavy metals that compare favorably with that of mercury electrodes. Bismuth is a 'green' element, with very low toxicity, and widespread pharmaceutical use. A major effort of our activity this year has been devoted to the development of a 'mercury-free' uranium sensor based on the bismuth film electrode. Bismuth-coated carbon-fiber electrodes have thus been successfully applied for adsorptive-stripping voltammetric measurements of trace uranium in the presence of the cupferron complexing agent.

  1. AME 514 -Applications of Combustion -Spring 2013 Homework #2 Due Friday 3/15/13, 4:30 pm in the drop box in OHE 430N (Xerox room). If you're off

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AME 514 - Applications of Combustion - Spring 2013 ­ Homework #2 Due Friday 3/15/13, 4:30 pm at Intermediate Temperatures with Various Hydrocarbon-Air Mixtures," Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 147

  2. CHEM 6283 -Electroanalytical Chemistry Course Syllabus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherrill, David

    journals: Langmuir Analytical Chemistry J. Electrochemical Society Electrochimica Acta J. ElectroanalyticalCHEM 6283 - Electroanalytical Chemistry Course Syllabus Catalog Description: (3-0-3) Coulometry examination of theory and practice of electroanalytical chemistry. Students completing this course will be

  3. Science and Society Colloquium

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25

    Mr. Randi will give an update of his lecture to the American Physical Society on the occasion of his award of the 1989 Forum Prize. The citation said: "for his unique defense of Science and the scientific method in many disciplines, including physics, against pseudoscience, frauds and charlatans. His use of scientific techniques has contributed to refuting suspicious and fraudulent claims of paranormal results. He has contributed significantly to public understanding of important issues where science and society interact". He is a professional magician and author of many books. He worked with John Maddox, the Editor of Nature to investigate the claims of "water with memory".

  4. High-Power Electrochemical Storage Devices and Plug-in Hybrid...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    High-Power Electrochemical Storage Devices and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Battery Development High-Power Electrochemical Storage Devices and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle...

  5. Electrochemical Cells with Intermediate Capacitor Elements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grebel, Haim

    2015-01-01

    Our goal is to electronically regulate electrochemical cells. For this, we introduced a third element, called the gate, which was placed between the cathode and the anode electrodes of the cell. Voltage applied to this element controlled the local potential of the electrolyte, thus impacting the flow of ions within the cell. The flow of ions was monitored by the electronic current in the external cell's circuit. We provide simulations and experimental data as proof to the validity of this concept. This is but the first step towards a demonstration of a two-dimensional, bi-carrier ion transistors.

  6. Electrochemical mercerization, souring, and bleaching of textiles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cooper, John F. (Oakland, CA)

    1995-01-01

    Economical, pollution-free treatment of textiles occurs in a low voltage electrochemical cell that mercerizes (or scours), sours, and optionally bleaches without effluents and without the purchase of bulk caustic, neutralizing acids, or bleaches. The cell produces base in the cathodic chamber for mercerization and an equivalent amount of acid in the anodic chamber for neutralizing the fabric. Gas diffusion electrodes are used for one or both electrodes and may simultaneously generate hydrogen peroxide for bleaching. The preferred configuration is a stack of bipolar electrodes, in which one or both of the anode and cathode are gas diffusion electrodes, and where no hydrogen gas is evolved at the cathode.

  7. Methods for performing electrochemical nitration reactions

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lister, Tedd Edward; Fox, Robert Vincent

    2010-05-11

    A method for the electrochemical synthesis of dinitro compounds is disclosed. The method comprises using an anode to oxidize an inactive chemical mediator, such as a ferrocyanide (Fe(CN).sub.6.sup.-4) ion, to an active chemical mediator or oxidizing agent, such as a ferricyanide (Fe(CN).sub.6.sup.-3) ion, in the presence of a differential voltage. The oxidizing agent reacts with a nitro compound and a nitrite ion to form a geminal dinitro compound. The anode may continuously oxidize ferrocyanide to regenerate active ferricyanide, thus keeping sufficient amounts of ferricyanide available for reaction..

  8. Solid oxide electrochemical cell fabrication process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dollard, Walter J. (Churchill Borough, PA); Folser, George R. (Lower Burrell, PA); Pal, Uday B. (Cambridge, MA); Singhal, Subhash C. (Murrysville, PA)

    1992-01-01

    A method to form an electrochemical cell (12) is characterized by the steps of thermal spraying stabilized zirconia over a doped lanthanum manganite air electrode tube (14) to provide an electrolyte layer (15), coating conductive particles over the electrolyte, pressurizing the outside of the electrolyte layer, feeding halide vapors of yttrium and zirconium to the outside of the electrolyte layer and feeding a source of oxygen to the inside of the electrolyte layer, heating to cause oxygen reaction with the halide vapors to close electrolyte pores if there are any and to form a metal oxide coating on and between the particles and provide a fuel electrode (16).

  9. Giner Electrochemicals Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View New Pages RecentPlant <Silver PeakGiner Electrochemicals Inc Jump

  10. Solid electrolyte-electrode system for an electrochemical cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tuller, Harry L. (Wellesley, MA); Kramer, Steve A. (Somerville, MA); Spears, Marlene A. (Woburn, MA)

    1995-01-01

    An electrochemical device including a solid electrolyte and solid electrode composed of materials having different chemical compositions and characterized by different electrical properties but having the same crystalline phase is provided. A method for fabricating an electrochemical device having a solid electrode and solid electrolyte characterized by the same crystalline phase is also provided.

  11. Electrochemically-Mediated Amine Regeneration for Carbon Dioxide Separations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - 1 - Electrochemically-Mediated Amine Regeneration for Carbon Dioxide Separations by Michael C Students #12;- 2 - Electrochemically-Mediated Amine Regeneration for Carbon Dioxide Separations by Michael This thesis describes a new strategy for carbon dioxide (CO2) separations based on amine sorbents, which

  12. Solid electrolyte-electrode system for an electrochemical cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tuller, H.L.; Kramer, S.A.; Spears, M.A.

    1995-04-04

    An electrochemical device including a solid electrolyte and solid electrode composed of materials having different chemical compositions and characterized by different electrical properties but having the same crystalline phase is provided. A method for fabricating an electrochemical device having a solid electrode and solid electrolyte characterized by the same crystalline phase is also provided. 17 figures.

  13. West Virginia University 1 Perley Isaac Reed School of Journalism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    West Virginia University 1 Perley Isaac Reed School of Journalism Degree Offered · Bachelor of Science in Journalism Majors: · Journalism · Strategic Communications (for students entering a major Fall 2013 and beyond) Areas of Emphasis: Journalism · Print Journalism · Television Journalism · Visual

  14. Journal of Fluid Mechanics http://journals.cambridge.org/FLM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldstein, Raymond E.

    Journal of Fluid Mechanics http://journals.cambridge.org/FLM Additional services for Journal of Fluid Mechanics: Email alerts: Click here Subscriptions: Click here Commercial reprints: Click here. Woodhouse and Raymond E. Goldstein Journal of Fluid Mechanics / Volume 705 / August 2012, pp 165 175 DOI

  15. Journal of Fluid Mechanics http://journals.cambridge.org/FLM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parau, Emilian I.

    Journal of Fluid Mechanics http://journals.cambridge.org/FLM Additional services for Journal of Fluid Mechanics: Email alerts: Click here Subscriptions: Click here Commercial reprints: Click here and E. I. Parau Journal of Fluid Mechanics / Volume 688 / December 2011, pp 528 550 DOI: 10.1017/jfm

  16. Turkish Journal of http://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/biology/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikoglu, Berrin

    Turkish Journal of Biology http://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/biology/ Guest edited by: Rajendra Mehta, Hikmet Geckil, Devrim Gozuacik Special Issue Aims and Scope: Turkish Journal of Biology, published in Thomson Reuters ISI/SCIE Web of Science, and many others, Turkish Journal of Biology would like

  17. Journal of Institutional Economics http://journals.cambridge.org/JOI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richerson, Peter J.

    Journal of Institutional Economics http://journals.cambridge.org/JOI Additional services for Journal of Institutional Economics: Email alerts: Click here Subscriptions: Click here Commercial reprints to Schubert and Cordes" CHRISTIAN SCHUBERT, CHRISTIAN CORDES and PETER J. RICHERSON Journal of Institutional

  18. LE JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE CENT ANS DE JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 LE JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE CENT ANS DE JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE J. LANGEVIN Pour marquer le centenaire du Journal de Physique nous publions ci-dessous un article de M. Jean Langevin, qui retrace l'histoire du Journal depuis sa fondation. Monsieur J. Langevin a occupé pendant de longues années le poste de Rédacteur

  19. Graduate Journal Publication Symposium Journal roles and their functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graduate Journal Publication Symposium Journal roles and their functions Faculty advisors · help to narrow down scope and topic and title of journal · help with grant writing · possible members to a significant number of people · should not be so broad that the journal does not have a clear focus · avoid

  20. Sensor apparatus using an electrochemical cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thakur, Mrinal

    2003-07-01

    A method for sensing mechanical quantities such as force, stress, strain, pressure and acceleration is disclosed. This technology is based on a change in the electrochemically generated voltage (electromotive force) with application of force, stress, strain, pressure or acceleration. The change in the voltage is due to a change in the internal resistance of the electrochemical cell with a change in the relative position or orientation of the electrodes (anode and cathode) in the cell. The signal to be detected (e.g. force, stress, strain, pressure or acceleration) is applied to one of the electrodes to cause a change in the relative position or orientation between the electrodes. Various materials, solid, semisolid, gel, paste or liquid can be utilized as the electrolyte. The electrolyte must be an ion conductor. The examples of solid electrolytes include specific polymer conductors, polymer composites, ion conducting glasses and ceramics. The electrodes are made of conductors such as metals with dissimilar electro negativities. Significantly enhanced sensitivities, up to three orders of magnitude higher than that of comparable commercial sensors, are obtained. The materials are substantially less expensive than commercially used materials for mechanical sensors. An apparatus for sensing such mechanical quantities using materials such as doped 1,4 cis-polyisopropene and nafion. The 1,4 cis-polyisopropene may be doped with lithium perchlorate or iodine. The output voltage signal increases with an increase of the sensing area for a given stress. The device can be used as an intruder alarm, among other applications.

  1. Sensor apparatus using an electrochemical cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thakur, Mrinal (1309 Gatewood Dr., Apt. 1703, Auburn, AL 36830)

    2002-01-01

    A novel technology for sensing mechanical quantities such as force, stress, strain, pressure and acceleration has been invented. This technology is based on a change in the electrochemically generated voltage (electromotive force) with application of force, stress, strain, pressure or acceleration. The change in the voltage is due to a change in the internal resistance of the electrochemical cell with a change in the relative position or orientation of the electrodes (anode and cathode) in the cell. The signal to be detected (e.g. force, stress, strain, pressure or acceleration) is applied to one of the electrodes to cause a change in the relative position or orientation between the electrodes. Various materials, solid, semisolid, gel, paste or liquid can be utilized as the electrolyte. The electrolyte must be an ion conductor. The examples of solid electrolytes include specific polymer conductors, polymer composites, ion conducting glasses and ceramics. The electrodes are made of conductors such as metals with dissimilar electronegativities. Significantly enhanced sensitivities, up to three orders of magnitude higher than that of comparable commercial sensors, are obtained. The materials are substantially less expensive than commercially used materials for mechanical sensors.

  2. Journal Instructions Martin J. Mohlenkamp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohlenkamp, Martin J.

    Journal Instructions Martin J. Mohlenkamp September 2, 2014 Each week you will update your journal, email me a copy in .pdf format, and be prepared to display your journal at the group meeting for discussion. At the end of the term your journal will be posted on the web. Content · What you did this week

  3. Inter-Faculty Digital Journalism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Inter-Faculty Digital Journalism As media migrate to digital platforms, this has created a need about a career in journalism? UWindsor offers a combined honours journalism degree that is unique, alternative and citizen media. A Rigorous, Enriching Program UWindsor's Digital Journalism program unites

  4. open access journal Public Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oakley, Jeremy

    open access journal Journal of Public Health in AfricaeISSN 2038-9930 i www the Journal of Public Health in Africa is a peer-reviewed, electronic quarterly, that focuses on health issues in the African continent. The journal editors seek high quality original articles on public health related issues

  5. Actuals Journal Approval Tip NUFinancials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shull, Kenneth R.

    Actuals Journal Approval Tip NUFinancials Workflow and Approvals FMS804 02/20/2009-vlr FMS804 Actuals Journal Approval Tip © 2009 Northwestern University FMS804 ­ Job Aid Page 1 of 1 This job aid describes what an Actuals Journal should look like to an Approver. Explanation: Whenever an Actuals journal

  6. Journal of Animal Ecology 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aberdeen, University of

    Journal of Animal Ecology 2006 75, 456­465 © 2006 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2006 British-words: correlated random walk, first-passage time, search paths, spatial scale. Journal of Animal Ecology (2006) 75-mail: h.bailey@abdn.ac.uk #12;457 Movementpatterns and foraging © 2006 The Authors. Journal compilation

  7. Materials science is the study of processing-structure-property relationships in materials that are important to society. Special attention is paid to "microstructure," i.e., how materials (polymers, ceramics, semiconductors, superalloys, and biomaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    Materials science is the study of processing-structure-property relationships in materials that are important to society. Special attention is paid to "microstructure," i.e., how materials (polymers, ceramics THAT THEY SPEND THEIR TIME UPPERLEVEL COURSES MSE 376 Nanomaterials MSE 382 Electrochemical energy materials

  8. Fly-scan ptychography (Journal Article) | DOE PAGES

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Identifier: 1201502 GrantContract Number: AC02-98CH10886 Type: Accepted Manuscript Journal Name: Scientific Reports Additional Journal Information: Journal Volume: 5; Journal...

  9. Casimir forces of metallic microstructures into cavities (Journal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Number: ERC02-EXEL; AC02-07CH11358; 32081 Type: Publisher's Accepted Manuscript Journal Name: Physical Review B Additional Journal Information: Journal Volume: 92; Journal...

  10. 27International Turfgrass Society Research Journal Volume 10, 2005.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaye, Jason P.

    resulted in a significant reduction in cost. Therefore, the new synthetic turf systems are being installed is expected to increase by 20% annually over the next four years. Driving this current expansion are the new, the precursor to Astro Turf, was initially developed in the early 1960s as a way to provide inner-city youth

  11. 21 December 2000 JOURNAL OF THE KANSAS ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodríguez, Rafael Lucas

    ~AVIOR:Interactions weie not very common in the Petn dishes. 1 observed one ~gressivesi~inceand one fight between ni

  12. The Journal of The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Motta, Arthur T.

    boiling to occur in the core of pressurized water reactors. Thus, the fuel operates at a higher, stress, corro- sive environment, etc.1 In light-water reactors, there is considerable experience on the process. INTRODUCTION In the nuclear reactor environment, both the fuel and the fuel cladding evolve under

  13. Ethical Policy for the Journals of the London Mathematical Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for the stakeholders Authors 1. Authorship The authorship of a paper should normally include the names of all people

  14. Publisher: GSA Journal: GSAB: Geological Society of America Bulletin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    detailed results of radiocarbon6 dating; figures showing stratigraphy of channel banks and radiocarbon of8 stratigraphy at sites of potential age reversals, is available at9 http another by incised bedrock risers. Geomorphic, volumetric, stratigraphic, and21 sedimentologic data aided

  15. 2008 The Authors Journal compilation 2008 The Royal Entomological Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liebhold, Andrew

    . By contrast, most East Asian gypsy moth females are capable of sustained flight (Koshio, 1996; Reineke that shipping containers and other parcels located >1 km from forests are at a much lower risk of contamination

  16. Journal of The Korean Astronomical Society 37: 55 59, 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) ABSTRACT We have developed a two fluid solar wind model from the Sun to 1 AU. Its basic equations are mass, momentum and energy conservations. In these equations, we include a wave mechanism of heating the corona´enic wave supply solar wind energy. Tu & Marsch (1997) further developed a two fluid solar wind model from

  17. International Turfgrass Society Research Journal Volume 8, 1997. 671

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsiang, Tom

    able to withstand environmental and pest stresses compared to monoclonal communities (Watschke be as good as hand separation of individual plants, and with a substantial reduction in time and labour

  18. Journal of The Korean Astronomical Society 35: 1 8, 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    @bbso.njit.edu 2 Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, USA ABSTRACT New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT), in collaboration with the University of Hawaii (UH), is upgrading Big Bear Solar will be similar to the existing SOLARC (UH) and the planned Advanced Technology Solar Telescope (ATST) facility

  19. VOLUME 62, NUMBER 3 1 Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macedonia, Joseph

    , Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287-4501 USA; email: r.rutowski@asu.edu and JOSEPH M. MACEDONIA

  20. Journal of the Waterbird Society Dr. Keith A. Hobson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canada 11 Innovation Blvd. Saskatoon, SK S7N 3H5 Canada Internet: Keith.Hobson@ec.gc.ca Dear Author: Your by telephone (306) 975-4102 or the Internet: Keith.Hobson@ec.gc.ca. You will receive a bill for the costs Period sc Small capital; put 2 lines under letter or word , Comma lc Lower-case letter; put oblique line

  1. ABOUT THE JOURNAL One of the oldest journals in geology, The Journal of Geology has

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mateo, Jill M.

    ABOUT THE JOURNAL One of the oldest journals in geology, The Journal of Geology has promoted the systematic philosophical and fundamental study of geology since 1893. The Journal publishes original research across a broad range of subfields in geology, including geophysics, geochemistry, sedimentology

  2. Journal of Applied Polymer Science Journal Copy of e-mail Notification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Journal of Applied Polymer Science Journal Copy of e-mail Notification Journal of Applied Polymer reply e-mail to: APP Journal Team APPproofuser@wiley.com #12;Journal of Applied Polymer Science Journal) WITH ALL CORRESPONDENCE. Thank you. Sincerely, APP Journal Team E-mail: APPproofuser@wiley.com #12

  3. JOURNAL DUPLICATES Marie Curie Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    JOURNAL DUPLICATES Marie Curie Library Nicoletta Zar library@ictp.it Last updated: June 3, 2015 Physical Journal A ISSN: 1434-6001 2012 v.48 no.1,2,3 European Physical Journal B ISSN: 1434-6028 2012 v.85 no.1,2,3,12 European Physical Journal C ISSN: 1434-6044 2012 v.72 no.1,2,3 European Physical Journal

  4. Synthesis of graphene platelets by chemical and electrochemical route

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramachandran, Rajendran; Felix, Sathiyanathan [Centre for Nanotechnology Research, VIT University, Vellore 632014, Tamil Nadu (India); Joshi, Girish M. [Materials Physics Division, School of Advanced Sciences, VIT University, Vellore 632014, Tamil Nadu (India); Raghupathy, Bala P.C., E-mail: balapraveen2000@yahoo.com [Centre for Nanotechnology Research, VIT University, Vellore 632014, Tamil Nadu (India); Research and Advanced Engineering Division (Materials), Renault Nissan Technology and Business Center India (P) Ltd., Chennai, Tamil Nadu (India); Jeong, Soon Kwan, E-mail: jeongsk@kier.re.kr [Climate Change Technology Research Division, Korea Institute of Energy Research, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-343 (Korea, Republic of); Grace, Andrews Nirmala, E-mail: anirmalagrace@vit.ac.in [Centre for Nanotechnology Research, VIT University, Vellore 632014, Tamil Nadu (India); Climate Change Technology Research Division, Korea Institute of Energy Research, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-343 (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-10-15

    Graphical abstract: A schematic showing the overall reduction process of graphite to reduced graphene platelets by chemical and electrochemical route. - Highlights: • Graphene was prepared by diverse routes viz. chemical and electrochemical methods. • NaBH{sub 4} was effective for removing oxygen functional groups from graphene oxide. • Sodium borohydride reduced graphene oxide (SRGO) showed high specific capacitance. • Electrochemical rendered a cheap route for production of graphene in powder form. - Abstract: Graphene platelets were synthesized from graphene oxide by chemical and electrochemical route. Under the chemical method, sodium borohydride and hydrazine chloride were used as reductants to produce graphene. In this paper, a novel and cost effective electrochemical method, which can simplify the process of reduction on a larger scale, is demonstrated. The electrochemical method proposed in this paper produces graphene in powder form with good yield. The atomic force microscopic images confirmed that the graphene samples prepared by all the routes have multilayers of graphene. The electrochemical process provided a new route to make relatively larger area graphene sheets, which will have interest for further patterning applications. Attempt was made to quantify the quantum of reduction using cyclic voltammetry and choronopotentiometry techniques on reduced graphene samples. As a measure in reading the specific capacitance values, a maximum specific capacitance value of 265.3 F/g was obtained in sodium borohydride reduced graphene oxide.

  5. Copyright 2014 -Copyright Information, Privacy Statement, and Terms of Use American Society of Agronomy | Crop Science Society of America | Soil Science Society of America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Donald L.

    of Agronomy | Crop Science Society of America | Soil Science Society of America 5585 Guilford Road | Madison

  6. Copyright 2012 -Copyright Information, Privacy Statement, and Terms of Use American Society of Agronomy | Crop Science Society of America | Soil Science Society of America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Donald L.

    of Agronomy | Crop Science Society of America | Soil Science Society of America 5585 Guilford Road | Madison

  7. Appendix: Journals Code Reference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gold, Lois Swirsky

    aihm Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Medicine ajim American Journal of Industrial Environmental Toxicology amih American Industrial Hygiene amjc American Journal of Cardiology ancl Annals.M.A. Archives of Industrial Health until July 1, 1960) agfc Agricultural and Food Chemistry: Past, Present

  8. Selectively-etched nanochannel electrophoretic and electrochemical devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Surh, Michael P.; Wilson, William D.; Barbee, Jr., Troy W.; Lane, Stephen M.

    2004-11-16

    Nanochannel electrophoretic and electrochemical devices having selectively-etched nanolaminates located in the fluid transport channel. The normally flat surfaces of the nanolaminate having exposed conductive (metal) stripes are selectively-etched to form trenches and baffles. The modifications of the prior utilized flat exposed surfaces increase the amount of exposed metal to facilitate electrochemical redox reaction or control the exposure of the metal surfaces to analytes of large size. These etched areas variously increase the sensitivity of electrochemical detection devices to low concentrations of analyte, improve the plug flow characteristic of the channel, and allow additional discrimination of the colloidal particles during cyclic voltammetry.

  9. Selectively-etched nanochannel electrophoretic and electrochemical devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Surh, Michael P. (Livermore, CA); Wilson, William D. (Pleasanton, CA); Barbee, Jr., Troy W. (Palo Alto, CA); Lane, Stephen M. (Oakland, CA)

    2006-06-27

    Nanochannel electrophoretic and electrochemical devices having selectively-etched nanolaminates located in the fluid transport channel. The normally flat surfaces of the nanolaminate having exposed conductive (metal) stripes are selectively-etched to form trenches and baffles. The modifications of the prior utilized flat exposed surfaces increase the amount of exposed metal to facilitate electrochemical redox reaction or control the exposure of the metal surfaces to analytes of large size. These etched areas variously increase the sensitivity of electrochemical detection devices to low concentrations of analyte, improve the plug flow characteristic of the channel, and allow additional discrimination of the colloidal particles during cyclic voltammetry.

  10. JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY, June 1995, p. 31913198 Vol. 177, No. 11 0021-9193/95/$04.00 0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lan, Ruiting

    JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY, June 1995, p. 3191­3198 Vol. 177, No. 11 0021-9193/95/$04.00 0 Copyright 1995, American Society for Microbiology The Sixth and Seventh Cholera Pandemics Are Due to Independent South Wales 2006, Australia Received 28 November 1994/Accepted 31 March 1995 The DNA sequences

  11. CHINESE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS VOLUME 22, NUMBER 6 DECEMBER 27, 2009 Quantitative Surface Chirality Detection with Sum Frequency Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Shilin

    CHINESE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS VOLUME 22, NUMBER 6 DECEMBER 27, 2009 ARTICLE Quantitative of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China the chiral Part of the special issue for "the Chinese Chemical Society's 11th National Chemical Dynamics

  12. Method for making an electrochemical cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bates, J.B.; Dudney, N.J.

    1996-10-22

    Described is a thin-film battery, especially a thin-film microbattery, and a method for making the same, having application as a backup or primary integrated power source for electronic devices. The battery includes a novel electrolyte which is electrochemically stable and does not react with the lithium anode and a novel vanadium oxide cathode. Configured as a microbattery, the battery can be fabricated directly onto a semiconductor chip, onto the semiconductor die or onto any portion of the chip carrier. The battery can be fabricated to any specified size or shape to meet the requirements of a particular application. The battery is fabricated of solid state materials and is capable of operation between {minus}15 C and 150 C. 9 figs.

  13. Thermal regeneration of an electrochemical concentration cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Krumpelt, M.; Bates, J.K.

    1980-05-09

    A system and method are described for thermally regenerating an electrochemical concentration cell having first and second aluminum electrodes respectively positioned in contact with first and second electrolytes separated by an ion exchange member, the first and second electrolytes being composed of different concentrations of an ionic solvent and a salt, preferably an aluminum halide. The ionic solvent may be either organic or inorganic with a relatively low melting point, the ionic solvent and the salt form a complex wherein the free energy of formation of said complex is less than about -5 kcal/mole. A distillation column using solar heat or low grade industrial waste heat receives the first and second electrolytes and thermally decomposes the salt-solvent complex to provide feed material for the two half cells.

  14. Thermal regeneration of an electrochemical concentration cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Krumpelt, Michael (Naperville, IL); Bates, John K. (Plainfield, IL)

    1981-01-01

    A system and method for thermally regenerating an electrochemical concentration cell having first and second aluminum electrodes respectively positioned in contact with first and second electrolytes separated by an ion exchange member, the first and second electrolytes being composed of different concentrations of an ionic solvent and a salt, preferably an aluminum halide. The ionic solvent may be either organic or inorganic with a relatively low melting point, the ionic solvent and the salt form a complex wherein the free energy of formation of said complex is less than about -5 Kcal/mole. A distillation column using solar heat or low grade industrial waste heat receives the first and second electrolytes and thermally decomposes the salt-solvent complex to provide feed material for the two half cells.

  15. Method for making an electrochemical cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bates, John B. (Oak Ridge, TN); Dudney, Nancy J. (Knoxville, TN)

    1996-01-01

    Described is a thin-film battery, especially a thin-film microbattery, and a method for making same having application as a backup or primary integrated power source for electronic devices. The battery includes a novel electrolyte which is electrochemically stable and does not react with the lithium anode and a novel vanadium oxide cathode Configured as a microbattery, the battery can be fabricated directly onto a semiconductor chip, onto the semiconductor die or onto any portion of the chip carrier. The battery can be fabricated to any specified size or shape to meet the requirements of a particular application. The battery is fabricated of solid state materials and is capable of operation between -15.degree. C. and 150.degree. C.

  16. Electrochemical Cell Design With A Hollow Gate

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Romero, Antonio (Parkton, MD); Oweis, Salah (Ellicott City, MD); Chagnon, Guy (Columbia, MD); Staniewicz, Robert (Hunt Valley, MD); Briscoe, Douglas (Westminster, MD)

    2000-02-01

    An electrochemical cell having a spiral winding around a central core, wherein the central core is provided with longitudinal grooves on its outer surface to facilitate electrolyte filing and accommodate overpressure. The core itself improves dissipation of heat generated along the center of the cell, and the hollow core design allows the cell core to have a larger radius, permitting the "jelly roll" winding to begin at a larger radius and thereby facilitate the initial turns of the winding by decreasing the amount of bending required of the electrode laminate at the beginning of the winding operation. The hollow core also provides mechanical support end-to-end. A pair of washers are used at each end of the cell to sandwich current collection tabs in a manner that improves electrical and thermal conductivity while also providing structural integrity.

  17. Nanoparticles for Enhanced Sensitivity in Electrochemical Immunoassays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Yuehe; Wang, Jun; Wang, Hua; Wu, Hong; Tang, Zhiwen

    2008-10-12

    In this manuscript, we report on electrochemical biosensors based on various nanoparticles (NPs) as labels for sensitive detection of protein biomarkers. We used silica nanoparticle as a carrier to loading a large amount of electroactive species such as poly(guanine) for sensitive immunoassay of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-a). We took the advantages of the unique hollow structure and reconstruction properties of apoferritin to prepare Cd3(PO4)2 nanoparticles as labels for sensitive assay of TNF-a. A novel immunochromatographic/electro-chemical biosensor based on quantum dots as labels has also been developed for rapid and sensitive detection of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in human serum. These biosensors are quite sensitive with the detection limit at pM level and these approaches based on nanoparticle labels offer a new avenue for sensitive detection of protein biomarkers.

  18. Composite electrode for use in electrochemical cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vanderborgh, N.E.; Huff, J.R.; Leddy, J.

    1987-10-16

    A porous composite electrode for use in electrochemical cells. The electrode has a first face and a second face defining a relatively thin section therebetween. The electrode is comprised of an ion conducting material, an electron conducting material, and an electrocatalyst. The volume concentration of the ion conducting material is greatest at the first face and is decreased across the section, while the volume concentration of the electron conducting material is greatest at the second face and decreases across the section of the electrode. Substantially all of the electrocatalyst is positioned within the electrode section in a relatively narrow zone where the rate of electron transport of the electrode is approximately equal to the rate of ion transport of the electrode. 4 figs., 1 tab.

  19. Journal of the american Pomological Society Journal of the American Pomological Society 67(1): 18-28 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Steven J.

    absorb heat, provide support is composed of water resistant materials that the back roof, winter sunlight. 4. Beautiful white-fleshed peaches on two-year old trees in a greenhouse near harvest time coloration at harvest time in Changli, Hebei province, P.R. China in April, 2010. (Photo by D.R. Layne). ily

  20. Development of an Electrochemical Separator and Compressor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trent Molter

    2011-04-28

    Global conversion to sustainable energy is likely to result in a hydrogen-based economy that supports U.S. energy security objectives while simultaneously avoiding harmful carbon emissions. A key hurdle to successful implementation of a hydrogen economy is the low-cost generation, storage, and distribution of hydrogen. One of the most difficult requirements of this transformation is achieving economical, high density hydrogen storage in passenger vehicles. Transportation applications may require compression and storage of high purity hydrogen up to 12,000 psi. Hydrogen production choices range from centralized low-pressure generation of relatively impure gas in large quantities from steam-methane reformer plants to distributed generation of hydrogen under moderate pressure using water electrolysis. The Electrochemical Hydrogen Separator + Compressor (EHS+C) technology separates hydrogen from impurities and then compresses it to high pressure without any moving parts. The Phase I effort resulted in the construction and demonstration of a laboratory-scale hardware that can separate and compress hydrogen from reformate streams. The completion of Phase I has demonstrated at the laboratory scale the efficient separation and compression of hydrogen in a cost effective manner. This was achieved by optimizing the design of the Electrochemical Hydrogen Compression (EHC) cell hardware and verified by parametric testing in single cell hardware. A broad range of commercial applications exist for reclamation of hydrogen. One use this technology would be in combination with commercial fuel cells resulting in a source of clean power, heat, and compressed hydrogen. Other applications include the reclamation of hydrogen from power plants and other industrial equipment where it is used for cooling, recovery of process hydrogen from heat treating processes, and semiconductor fabrication lines. Hydrogen can also be recovered from reformate streams and cryogenic boil-offs using this technology.

  1. Modeling and simulations of electrical energy storage in electrochemical capacitors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Hainan

    2013-01-01

    optical studies of solid-oxide fuel cells,” Annual Review ofImpedance Spectroscopy in PEM Fuel Cells: Fundamentals andin supercapacitors and fuel cells,” Journal of Materials

  2. Modeling and simulations of electrical energy storage in electrochemical capacitors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Hainan

    2013-01-01

    of control ablation by transpiration cooling, Heat and Mass2006, A discussion of transpiration cooling problems throughnon-equilibrium transpiration cooling, Journal of Aerospace

  3. A Combined Electrochemical and Ultra-High Vacuum Approach to...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A Combined Electrochemical and Ultra-High Vacuum Approach to Heterogeneous Electrocatalysis Friday, February 24, 2012 - 11:00am SSRL Bldg. 137-322, 3rd floor Conference Room...

  4. Electrochemical charge transfer at a metallic electrode: a simulation study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pounds, Michael A.

    2010-01-01

    Part I Electrochemical charge transfer at a metallic electrode: a simulation study The factors which affect the rate of heterogeneous electron transfer at a metallic electrode in the context of Marcus theory are ...

  5. Theory of Membraneless Electrochemical Cells William A. Braffa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bazant, Martin Z.

    electrochemical cells, such as flow batteries and electrolyzers, that rely on slow diffusion in laminar flow analytically. The theory is applied to the membrane-less Hydrogen Bromine Laminar Flow Battery and found

  6. Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy using adjustable nanometer-gap electrodes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Hongshen, 1978-

    2007-01-01

    Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) is a simple yet powerful chemical analysis technique for measuring the electrical permittivity and conductivity of liquids and gases. Presently, the limiting factor for using ...

  7. Development of a morphing helicopter blade with electrochemical actuators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tubilla Kuri, Fernando

    2007-01-01

    The use of the expansion of electrochemical cells, upon ion intercalation, for the development of a morphing helicopter blade is explored. Using commercially available lithium-ion batteries as demostrators of the technology, ...

  8. Electrochemical Flocculation and Chlorination for Domestic Water Supplies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dillion Jr., R. C.; Hiler, E. A.; Peters, J. L.

    1975-01-01

    Three electrochemical chlorinators were developed, tested and evaluated. The first used natural chlorides in the water to produce a chlorine residual; the second and third produced chlorine residuals by electrolysis of ...

  9. In-Situ Electrochemical Transmission Electron Microscopy for Battery Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mehdi, Beata L; Gu, Meng; Parent, Lucas; Xu, WU; Nasybulin, Eduard; Chen, Xilin; Unocic, Raymond R; Xu, Pinghong; Welch, David; Abellan, Patricia; Zhang, Ji-Guang; Liu, Jun; Wang, Chongmin; Arslan, Ilke; Evans, James E; Browning, Nigel

    2014-01-01

    The recent development of in-situ liquid stages for (scanning) transmission electron microscopes now makes it possible for us to study the details of electrochemical processes under operando conditions. As electrochemical processes are complex, care must be taken to calibrate the system before any in-situ/operando observations. In addition, as the electron beam can cause effects that look similar to electrochemical processes at the electrolyte/electrode interface, an understanding of the role of the electron beam in modifying the operando observations must also be understood. In this paper we describe the design, assembly, and operation of an in-situ electrochemical cell, paying particular attention to the method for controlling and quantifying the experimental parameters. The use of this system is then demonstrated for the lithiation/delithiation of silicon nanowires.

  10. Electrochemical development of hydrogen silsesquioxane by applying an electrical potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strobel, Sebastian

    We present a new method for developing hydrogen silsesquioxane (HSQ) by using electrical potentials and deionized water. Nested-L test structures with a pitch as small as 9 nm were developed using this electrochemical ...

  11. Carbon Nanotubes-Based Electrochemical Sensing for Cell Culture Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Micheli, Giovanni

    Carbon Nanotubes-Based Electrochemical Sensing for Cell Culture Monitoring Cristina Boero, Sandro different presented strategies to develop biosensors, carbon nanotubes exhibit great properties, particularly suitable for biosensing. In this work nanostructured electrodes by using multi-walled carbon

  12. Leveraging National Lab Capabilities in Fuel Cells and Electrochemical...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    August 26, 2015 - 1:45pm Addthis On October 12 and 13, the U.S. Department of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies Office will host several events at the Electrochemical Energy...

  13. Electrochemically-mediated amine regeneration for carbon dioxide separations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Michael C. (Michael Craig)

    2014-01-01

    This thesis describes a new strategy for carbon dioxide (CO?) separations based on amine sorbents, which are electrochemically-mediated to facilitate the desorption and regeneration steps of the separation cycle. The ...

  14. Climate Research in Society 1 CLIMATE SCIENCE IN SOCIETY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    von Storch, Hans

    Climate Research in Society 1 CLIMATE SCIENCE IN SOCIETY The situation is post-normal The situation is as follows: Man-made climate change is real, but we are still arguing what it really consists in and how temperature. Restricting emissions will reduce or slow down future climate change. Although everybody agrees

  15. Electrochemical cells for medium- and large-scale energy storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Wei; Wei, Xiaoliang; Choi, Daiwon; Lu, Xiaochuan; Yang, G.; Sun, C.

    2014-12-12

    This is one of the chapters in the book titled “Advances in batteries for large- and medium-scale energy storage: Applications in power systems and electric vehicles” that will be published by the Woodhead Publishing Limited. The chapter discusses the basic electrochemical fundamentals of electrochemical energy storage devices with a focus on the rechargeable batteries. Several practical secondary battery systems are also discussed as examples

  16. Thermal conductor for high-energy electrochemical cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hoffman, Joseph A. (Minneapolis, MN); Domroese, Michael K. (South St. Paul, MN); Lindeman, David D. (Hudson, WI); Radewald, Vern E. (Austin, TX); Rouillard, Roger (Beloeil, CA); Trice, Jennifer L. (Eagan, MN)

    2000-01-01

    A thermal conductor for use with an electrochemical energy storage device is disclosed. The thermal conductor is attached to one or both of the anode and cathode contacts of an electrochemical cell. A resilient portion of the conductor varies in height or position to maintain contact between the conductor and an adjacent wall structure of a containment vessel in response to relative movement between the conductor and the wall structure. The thermal conductor conducts current into and out of the electrochemical cell and conducts thermal energy between the electrochemical cell and thermally conductive and electrically resistive material disposed between the conductor and the wall structure. The thermal conductor may be fabricated to include a resilient portion having one of a substantially C-shaped, double C-shaped, Z-shaped, V-shaped, O-shaped, S-shaped, or finger-shaped cross-section. An elastomeric spring element may be configured so as to be captured by the resilient conductor for purposes of enhancing the functionality of the thermal conductor. The spring element may include a protrusion that provides electrical insulation between the spring conductor and a spring conductor of an adjacently disposed electrochemical cell in the presence of relative movement between the cells and the wall structure. The thermal conductor may also be fabricated from a sheet of electrically conductive material and affixed to the contacts of a number of electrochemical cells.

  17. BF3-promoted electrochemical properties of quinoxaline in propylene carbonate

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Carino, Emily V.; Diesendruck, Charles E.; Moore, Jeffrey S.; Curtiss, Larry A.; Assary, Rajeev S.; Brushett, Fikile R.

    2015-02-04

    Electrochemical and density functional studies demonstrate that coordination of electrolyte constituents to quinoxalines modulates their electrochemical properties. Quinoxalines are shown to be electrochemically inactive in most electrolytes in propylene carbonate, yet the predicted reduction potential is shown to match computational estimates in acetonitrile. We find that in the presence of LiBF4 and trace water, an adduct is formed between quinoxaline and the Lewis acid BF3, which then displays electrochemical activity at 1–1.5 V higher than prior observations of quinoxaline electrochemistry in non-aqueous media. Direct synthesis and testing of a bis-BF3 quinoxaline complex further validates the assignment of the electrochemically activemore »species, presenting up to a ~26-fold improvement in charging capacity, demonstrating the advantages of this adduct over unmodified quinoxaline in LiBF4-based electrolyte. The use of Lewis acids to effectively “turn on” the electrochemical activity of organic molecules may lead to the development of new active material classes for energy storage applications.« less

  18. linac Jeon, Dong-O American Physical Society None USDOE United...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    None USDOE United States 2013-04-01 English Journal Article Journal Name: Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams; Journal Volume: 16; Journal Issue: 4 Medium:...

  19. Lienert named American Welding Society Fellow

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lienert named American Welding Society Fellow November 29, 2012 Thomas J. Lienert of the Lab's Metallurgy group was inducted into the American Welding Society's 2012 Class of...

  20. Recent Refereed Journal Articles

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of nanoheterostructures: biological synthesis of a novel magnetically recoverable palladium nanocatalyst," American Chemical Society Nano 4, 2577-2584 (2010). 4.0.2,6.3.1...

  1. The Missing Link: Assessing the Reliability of Internet Citations in History Journals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Edmund P.; Kane, Jennifer

    2008-04-01

    of publication. In six oncology journals, 33 percent of internet cita- tions decayed within twenty-nine months.1 Edmund Russell is associate professor of science, technology, and society and history at the University of Virginia. Jennifer Kane graduated from... and to John Staudenmaier, S.J., for their helpful suggestions. ©2008 by the Society for the History of Technology. All rights reserved. 0040-165X/08/4902-0006/420–29 1. Robert P. Dellavalle et al., “Going, Going, Gone: Lost Internet References,” Science 302...

  2. Journal of Fluid Mechanics http://journals.cambridge.org/FLM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marusic, Ivan

    the transition from smooth, laminar flow to turbulent flow and how the turbulence is then maintained. Recent of a spatially evolving boundary layer flow. These flows exist whenever there is fluid flow over a solid surfaceJournal of Fluid Mechanics http://journals.cambridge.org/FLM Additional services for Journal

  3. International Journal of Computer Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    International Journal of Computer Science & Information Security © IJCSIS PUBLICATION 2010 IJCSIS Journal of Computer Science and Information Security (IJCSIS) provides a major venue for rapid publication of high quality computer science research, including multimedia, information science, security, mobile

  4. Steel refining with an electrochemical cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Blander, M.; Cook, G.M.

    1988-05-17

    Apparatus is described for processing a metallic fluid containing iron oxide, container for a molten metal including an electrically conductive refractory disposed for contact with the molten metal which contains iron oxide, an electrolyte in the form of a basic slag on top of the molten metal, an electrode in the container in contact with the slag electrically separated from the refractory, and means for establishing a voltage across the refractory and the electrode to reduce iron oxide to iron at the surface of the refractory in contact with the iron oxide containing fluid. A process is disclosed for refining an iron product containing not more than about 10% by weight oxygen and not more than about 10% by weight sulfur, comprising providing an electrolyte of a slag containing one or more of calcium oxide, magnesium oxide, silica or alumina, providing a cathode of the iron product in contact with the electrolyte, providing an anode in contact with the electrolyte electrically separated from the cathode, and operating an electrochemical cell formed by the anode, the cathode and the electrolyte to separate oxygen or sulfur present in the iron product therefrom. 2 figs.

  5. An electrochemical Claus process for sulfur recovery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pujare, N.U.; Tsai, K.J.; Sammuells, A.F. (Eltron Research, Inc., Aurora, IL (US))

    1989-12-01

    Electrochemical oxidation of H{sub 2}S to give sulfur and water was achieved at 900{degrees}C using fuel cells possessing the general configuration where anode electrocatalysts experimentally investigated for promoting the subject oxidation reaction included WS{sub 2} and the thiospinels CuNi{sub 2}S{sub 4}, CuCo{sub 2}S{sub 4}, CuFe{sub 2}S{sub 4}, and NiFe{sub 2}S{sub 4}. The predominant oxidizable electroactive species present in the fuel cell anode compartment was suggested to be hydrogen originating from the initial thermal dissociation of H{sub 2}S (H{sub 2}S {r reversible} H{sub 2} + 1/2 S{sub 2}) at fuel cell operating temperatures. Rapid anode kinetics were found for the anodic reaction with the empirical trend for exchange currents (i{sub o}) per geometric area being found to be NiFe{sub 2}S{sub 4}{gt}WS{sub 2}{gt}CuCo{sub 2}S{sub 4}{gt}CuFe{sub 2}S{sub 4}{approx equal}NiCo{sub 2}S{sub 4}{gt}CuNi{sub 2}S{sub 4}.

  6. Steel refining with an electrochemical cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Blander, M.; Cook, G.M.

    1985-05-21

    Disclosed is an apparatus for processing a metallic fluid containing iron oxide, container for a molten metal including an electrically conductive refractory disposed for contact with the molten metal which contains iron oxide, an electrolyte in the form of a basic slag on top of the molten metal, an electrode in the container in contact with the slag electrically separated from the refractory, and means for establishing a voltage across the refractory and the electrode to reduce iron oxide to iron at the surface of the refractory in contact with the iron oxide containing fluid. A process is disclosed for refining an iron product containing not more than about 10% by weight sulfur, comprising providing an electrolyte of a slag containing one or more of calcium oxide, magnesium oxide, silica or alumina, providing a cathode of the iron product in contact with the electrolyte, providing an anode in contact with the electrolyte electrically separated from the cathode, and operating an electrochemical cell formed by the anode, the cathode and the electrolyte to separate oxygen or sulfur present in the iron product therefrom.

  7. Joint with application in electrochemical devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Weil, K Scott [Richland, WA; Hardy, John S [Richland, WA

    2010-09-14

    A joint for use in electrochemical devices, such as solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), oxygen separators, and hydrogen separators, that will maintain a hermetic seal at operating temperatures of greater than 600.degree. C., despite repeated thermal cycling excess of 600.degree. C. in a hostile operating environment where one side of the joint is continuously exposed to an oxidizing atmosphere and the other side is continuously exposed to a wet reducing gas. The joint is formed of a metal part, a ceramic part, and a flexible gasket. The flexible gasket is metal, but is thinner and more flexible than the metal part. As the joint is heated and cooled, the flexible gasket is configured to flex in response to changes in the relative size of the metal part and the ceramic part brought about by differences in the coefficient of thermal expansion of the metal part and the ceramic part, such that substantially all of the tension created by the differences in the expansion and contraction of the ceramic and metal parts is absorbed and dissipated by flexing the flexible gasket.

  8. ABOUT THE JOURNAL The Journal of Modern History is recognized as the leading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mateo, Jill M.

    ABOUT THE JOURNAL The Journal of Modern History is recognized as the leading American journal for the study of European history. The Journal's expansive geographical and temporal scope--the history-advertising@press.uchicago.edu Journal of Modern History The leading American journal for the study of European history Quarterly 226

  9. The post-Gutenberg open access journal The Future of the Academic Journal Chapter 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carr, Leslie

    The post-Gutenberg open access journal The Future of the Academic Journal Chapter 6 The post-Gutenberg open access journal Stevan Harnad Some think the most radical feature of post-Gutenberg journals. The classical learned journal To understand the journal of the future, however, we must first understand

  10. Electrochemical planarization of copper surfaces with submicron features

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chalupa, R.; Andryushchenko, T.; Han, J.; Ghosh, T.; Shankar, S.; Fischer, P. [Design Technology Solutions Department, Intel Corporation, Hillsboro, Oregon 97124 (United States); Components Research Department, Intel Corporation, Hillsboro, Oregon 97124 (United States); Design Technology Solutions Department, Intel Corporation, Hillsboro, Oregon 97124 (United States); Components Research Department, Intel Corporation, Hillsboro, Oregon 97124 (United States)

    2007-07-15

    Electrochemical planarization (ECP) of copper surfaces in a phosphoric acid-based electrolyte solution is discussed. A first-principles, quantum chemistry modeling work is presented that further validates the water-facilitated (and water rate limited) chemistry model for copper oxidation at the anode. This model has been previously deduced by other researchers [R. Vidal and A. West, J. Electrochem. Soc. 142, 2689 (1995); B. Du and I. I. Suni, J. Appl. Electrochem. 34, 1215 (2004); R. Vidal and A. West J. Electrochem. Soc. 142, 2682 (1995)] based on electrochemical experiments. Resulting water-limited model is validated against experimental data and applied to study the planarization behavior of a set of surface features. Aspect ratios and dimensions of these features were chosen to represent realistic (nonidealized, low aspect ratio structures) post-Damascene electroplate surface topography. Results are presented in a form of remaining feature amplitude versus mean copper thickness removed [A. C. West et al., J. Electrochem. Soc. 152, C652 (2005)]--allowing at-a-glance evaluation of the process against desired targets. The dominant effects of the mass transport boundary layer (BL) thickness on this planarization efficiency are discussed as are the challenges seen at typical flow conditions in ECP systems. Impact of changing the BL thickness and the requisite modulation of flow conditions analysis is included. Insights into practical challenges associated with BL buildup transient and associated surface roughening are summarized [D. Padhi et al., J. Electrochem. Soc. 150, 610 (2003)]. Challenges of applying ECP as a straightforward substitute to the robust chemical mechanical polish (CMP) process are significant. Practical modifications to upstream process flow to enable ECP would include optimized electroplating process or a CMP preprocessing step.

  11. Copyright 2014 -Copyright Information, Privacy Statement, and Terms of Use American Society of Agronomy | Crop Science Society of America | Soil Science Society of America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Donald L.

    © Copyright 2014 - Copyright Information, Privacy Statement, and Terms of Use American Society of Agronomy | Crop Science Society of America | Soil Science Society of America 5585 Guilford Road | Madison

  12. College of Business Journal List

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutcheon, James M.

    of Management Studies 4 1503 Journal of Operations Management 4 1503 Journal Personnel Psychology 4 1503 Production and Operations Management 4 1503 Research on the reputation and quality of journals across the disciplines in the College. The list is not meant

  13. JOURNAL AUTHORS SURVEY Prepared by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stevenson, Paul

    JISC/OSI JOURNAL AUTHORS SURVEY Report Prepared by Key Perspectives Ltd 48 Old Coach Road, Playing behind its development 4 2.2 Models and definitions of open access 8 2.2.1 Open access journals 8 2 4.1 Respondent profiles 18 4.2 Awareness of open access journals 18 4.2.1 Extent and longevity

  14. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT ISSUES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT ISSUES VOL. 4 · No. 2 December 2005 CONTENTS Jeffrey D. Sachs-97 and the Bulgarian currency board 95 #12;#12;International Journal of Development Issues Vol. 4, No. 2 (2005) 1 Science, University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. #12;J.D. Sachs /International Journal

  15. Taught degrees MA in International Journalism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    and Film at Sussex is ranked in the top 10 places to study in the UK in The Times Good University GuideEssentials Taught degrees MA in International Journalism MA in Journalism and Documentary Practice Journalism, MA in Journalism and Documentary Practice, MA in Journalism and Media Studies IELTS 6

  16. A New Electrochemical Gradient Generator in Thylakoid Membranes of Green Fabrice Rappaport, Giovanni Finazzi, Yves Pierre,| and Pierre Bennoun*,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A New Electrochemical Gradient Generator in Thylakoid Membranes of Green Algae Fabrice Rappaport generator present in the thylakoid membranes. We have studied the permanent electrochemical gradient (µ~)1

  17. Technology Base Research Project for electrochemical energy storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kinoshita, Kim (ed.)

    1991-06-01

    The US DOE's Office of Propulsion Systems provides support for an electrochemical energy storage program, which includes R D on advanced rechargeable batteries and fuel cells. A major goal of this program is to develop electrochemical power sources suitable for application in electric vehicles (EVs). The program centers on advanced systems that offer the potential for high performance and low life-cycle costs, both of which are necessary to permit significant penetration into commercial markets. The general R D areas addressed by the project include identification of new electrochemical couples for advanced batteries, determination of technical feasibility of the new couples, improvements in battery components and materials, establishment of engineering principles applicable to electrochemical energy storage and conversion, and the development of air-system (fuel cell, metal/air) technology for transportation applications. Major emphasis is given to applied research which will lead to superior performance and lower life-cycle costs. The TBR Project is divided into three major project elements: Exploratory Research, Applied Science Research, and Air Systems Research. Highlights of each project element are summarized according to the appropriate battery system or electrochemical research area. 16 figs., 4 tabs.

  18. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2004, 82, 219235. With 5 figures 2004 The Linnean Society of London, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2004, 82, 219235 219

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thorpe, Roger Stephen

    are considered full species by some workers) and two new species that have recently been described from Thailand of the most diverse radiations of pitvipers (McDi- armid, Campbell & Toure, 1999). The Trimeresurus radiation

  19. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2005, 85, 8196. With 7 figures 2005 The Linnean Society of London, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2005, 85, 8196 81

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Alistair

    food. The functional parameters were measured for 3-D digital tooth recon- structions of the upper Article FUNCTIONAL DENTAL MORPHOLOGY IN MICROCHIROPTERANS A. R. EVANS *Current address: Institute@fastmail.fm Connecting morphology, function and tooth wear in microchiropterans ALISTAIR R. EVANS* School of Biological

  20. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2005, 85, 271287. With 6 figures 2005 The Linnean Society of London, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2005, 85, 271287 271

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    from Madagascar led to the colonization of Aldabra and a secondary colonization of the Comoros and green plumage in insular island populations of the Comoros, Mascarenes and Seychelles. © 2005

  1. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2005, 84, 259271. With 9 figures 2005 The Linnean Society of London, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2005, 84, 259271 259

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shawkey, Matthew

    sialis ­ structural colour. INTRODUCTION Sexual dichromatism in birds is thought to have arisen from-mail: shawkmd@auburn.edu The anatomical basis of sexual dichromatism in non-iridescent ultraviolet and size of air spaces. Thus, S. sialis are dimorphic both in colour and in the structures causing

  2. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2005, 143, 405416. With 1 figure 2005 The Linnean Society of London, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2005, 143, 405416 405

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castoe, Todd A.

    , Poughkeepsie, NY 12604­0555, USA 2 Department of Biology, University of Central Florida, 4000 Central Florida

  3. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 2007, 153, 393400. With 6 figures 2007 The Linnean Society of London, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 2007, 153, 393400 393

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    González Astorga, Jorge Arturo - INECOL

    ,2 *, JORGE GONZÁLEZ-ASTORGA3 , SERGIO AVENDAÑO3 and CARLOS G. IGLESIAS3 1 Escuela de Biología, Universidad de Ciencias y Artes de Chiapas, Libramiento Norte Poniente s/n, CP 29, 039, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas, México of the School of Biology of the Universidad de Ciencias y Artes de Chiapas (UNI- CACH) and Francisco J

  4. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2003, 80, 2336. With 2 figures 2003 The Linnean Society of London, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2003, 80, 2336 23

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mayhew, Peter

    Article HEXAPOD DIVERSIFICATION P. J. MAYHEW Correspondence. E-mail: pjm19@york.ac.uk A tale of two analyses: estimating the consequences of shifts in hexapod diversification PETER J. MAYHEW Department diversification rates across nodes. I apply the method to data on the extant hexapod orders. The results indicate

  5. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2007, 90, 349364. With 10 figures 2007 The Linnean Society of London, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2007, 90, 349364 349

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macedonia, Joseph

    (Colias eurytheme): spatial, temporal and spectral properties RONALD L. RUTOWSKI*, JOSEPH M. MACEDONIA

  6. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2002, 77, 6785. With 8 figures 2002 The Linnean Society of London, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2002, 77, 6785 67

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macedonia, Joseph

    . M. MACEDONIA ET AL.COLOUR VARIATION IN CROTAPHYTUS COLLARIS *Correspondence. Present address collaris) from Utah and New Mexico, USA JOSEPH M. MACEDONIA1*, YONI BRANDT2,3 and DAVID L. CLARK4 1

  7. Safeguards and security modeling for electrochemical plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cipiti, B.B.; Duran, F.A.; Mendoza, L.A.; Parks, M.J.; Dominguez, D.; Le, T.D. [Sandia National Laboratories, PO Box 5800 MS 0747, Albuquerque, NM 87185 (United States)

    2013-07-01

    Safeguards and security design for reprocessing plants can lead to excessive costs if not incorporated early in the design process. The design for electrochemical plants is somewhat uncertain since these plants have not been built at a commercial scale in the past. The Separation and Safeguards Performance Model (SSPM), developed at Sandia National Laboratories, has been used for safeguards design and evaluation for multiple reprocessing plant types. The SSPM includes the following capabilities: -) spent fuel source term library, -) mass tracking of elements 1-99 and bulk solid/liquids, -) tracking of heat load and activity, -) customisable measurement points, -) automated calculation of ID and error propagation, -) alarm conditions and statistical tests, and -) user-defined diversion scenarios. Materials accountancy and process monitoring data can provide more timely detection of material loss specifically to protect against the insider threat. While the SSPM is capable of determining detection probabilities and examining detection times for material loss scenarios, it does not model the operations or spatial effects for a plant design. The STAGE software was chosen to model the physical protection system. STAGE provides a framework to create end-to-end scalable force-on-force combat simulations. It allows for a complete 3D model of a facility to be designed along with the design of physical protection elements. This software, then, can be used to model operations and response for various material loss scenarios. The future integration of the SSPM model data with the STAGE software will provide a more complete analysis of diversion scenarios to assist plant designers.

  8. Minimizing Nonspecific Adsorption in Protein Biosensors that Utilize Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suni, Ian Ivar

    Minimizing Nonspecific Adsorption in Protein Biosensors that Utilize Electrochemical Impedance. These results suggest that nonspecific adsorption does not in general limit the utility of biosensors based. Electrochemical biosensors based on amperometry have been widely employed for glucose detection, including

  9. Electrochromic polyaniline/graphite oxide nanocomposites with endured electrochemical energy storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, John Zhanhu

    films for electrochromic displays and electrochemical energy storage devices applications were. Introduction The development of sustainable and renewable energy storage resources with both high power densityElectrochromic polyaniline/graphite oxide nanocomposites with endured electrochemical energy

  10. Batteries and electrochemical energy storage are central to any future alternative energy scenario. Future energy generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemner, Ken

    Batteries and electrochemical energy storage are central to any future alternative energy energy storage for uninterrupted power supply units, the electrical grid, and transportation. Of all electrochemical energy storage devices, these corrosive reactions are not always detrimental to the operation

  11. Cathodic ALD V2O5 thin films for high-rate electrochemical energy...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Cathodic ALD V2O5 thin films for high-rate electrochemical energy storage Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Cathodic ALD V2O5 thin films for high-rate electrochemical...

  12. Bipolar Electrochemical Mechanism for the Propulsion of Catalytic Nanomotors in Hydrogen Peroxide Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bipolar Electrochemical Mechanism for the Propulsion of Catalytic Nanomotors in Hydrogen Peroxide the bipolar electrochemical propulsion mechanism for bimetallic nanorods. Introduction Catalyic molecular nonbiological schemes for making micro/nanoscale ma- chines involve externally applied magnetic2 or electrical

  13. Systems, methods and computer-readable media for modeling cell performance fade of rechargeable electrochemical devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gering, Kevin L

    2013-08-27

    A system includes an electrochemical cell, monitoring hardware, and a computing system. The monitoring hardware periodically samples performance characteristics of the electrochemical cell. The computing system determines cell information from the performance characteristics of the electrochemical cell. The computing system also develops a mechanistic level model of the electrochemical cell to determine performance fade characteristics of the electrochemical cell and analyzing the mechanistic level model to estimate performance fade characteristics over aging of a similar electrochemical cell. The mechanistic level model uses first constant-current pulses applied to the electrochemical cell at a first aging period and at three or more current values bracketing a first exchange current density. The mechanistic level model also is based on second constant-current pulses applied to the electrochemical cell at a second aging period and at three or more current values bracketing the second exchange current density.

  14. Equipment specifications for an electrochemical fuel reprocessing plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemphill, Kevin P [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-01-01

    Electrochemical reprocessing is a technique used to chemically separate and dissolve the components of spent nuclear fuel, in order to produce new metal fuel. There are several different variations to electrochemical reprocessing. These variations are accounted for by both the production of different types of spent nuclear fuel, as well as different states and organizations doing research in the field. For this electrochemical reprocessing plant, the spent fuel will be in the metallurgical form, a product of fast breeder reactors, which are used in many nuclear power plants. The equipment line for this process is divided into two main categories, the fuel refining equipment and the fuel fabrication equipment. The fuel refining equipment is responsible for separating out the plutonium and uranium together, while getting rid of the minor transuranic elements and fission products. The fuel fabrication equipment will then convert this plutonium and uranium mixture into readily usable metal fuel.

  15. Electrochemical Performance of Graphene as Effected by Electrode Porosity and Graphene Functionalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aksay, Ilhan A.

    of electrochemical activity are not yet understood. Here, we present data from NADH oxidation and ferri/ferrocyanide

  16. The Journal of Neuroscience, October 1995, 75(10): 6461-6474 Transfer of Coded Information from Sensory to Motor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    The Journal of Neuroscience, October 1995, 75(10): 6461-6474 Transfer of Coded Information from- Received Feb. 2, 1995; revised Apr. 24, 1995; accepted May 26, 1995. This work was supported by NSF 0 1995 Society for Neuroscience 0270-6474/95/156461-14$05.00/O works(KnudsenandKonishi, 1978

  17. 416442EDMXXX10.1177/1555343411416442Adapt ive Automation and Cognitive BehaviorJournal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making / September 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaber, David B.

    416442EDMXXX10.1177/1555343411416442Adapt ive Automation and Cognitive BehaviorJournal of Cognitive and Ergonomics Society. All rights reserved. Understanding Cognitive StrategyWith Adaptive Automation in Dual of advance auditory cuing of control mode changes in an adaptively automated system on human performance

  18. JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY, Jan. 2005, p. 400403 Vol. 187, No. 1 0021-9193/05/$08.00 0 doi:10.1128/JB.187.1.400403.2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roth, John R.

    JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY, Jan. 2005, p. 400­403 Vol. 187, No. 1 0021-9193/05/$08.00 0 doi:10.1128/JB.187.1.400­403.2005 Copyright © 2005, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved. Natural

  19. Covering Islam: A Challenge for American Journalism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bennett, Philip

    2008-01-01

    from being "them" to being "us." Journalism plays a role intold me, the role of journalism is to confront and exploretwo main staples of quality journalism: long-term, probing

  20. Algorithms and the Organization of Independent Journalism /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Headley, Lyn Adams

    2014-01-01

    to the practice of journalism rather than some otheraccord with the norms of journalism as they understood them,in local US newsrooms,” Journalism 12(5), Anderson, C.W. "

  1. Summer 2013 | PCI Journal151151 Effectsofproductionpracticesoncamber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Summer 2013 | PCI Journal151151 Effectsofproductionpracticesoncamber of PCI Journal. The authors have made effective contributions to understand camber prediction the authors for the detailed information contained in the paper and the PCI Journal for the opportunity

  2. From the L2 Journal Editor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kramsch, Claire

    2012-01-01

    years copyeditor for the journal and will be taking over ascontinued editorship of this journal with Kimberly and AdamCordially, Claire Kramsch, L2 Journal Editor Produced by

  3. ELECTROCHEMICAL STUDIES OF CARBON STEEL CORROSION IN HANFORD DOUBLE SHELL TANK (DST) WASTE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DUNCAN, J.B.; WINDISCH, C.F.

    2006-10-13

    This paper reports on the electrochemical scans for the supernatant of Hanford double-shell tank (DST) 241-SY-102 and the electrochemical scans for the bottom saltcake layer for Hanford DST 241-AZ-102. It further reports on the development of electrochemical test cells adapted to both sample volume and hot cell constraints.

  4. Electrochemical cell for in-situ x-ray characterization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doughty, D.H.; Ingersoll, D.; Rodriguez, M.A.

    1998-08-04

    An electrochemical cell suitable for in-situ XRD analysis is presented. Qualitative information such as phase formation and phase stability can be easily monitored using the in-situ cell design. Quantitative information such as lattice parameters and kinetic behavior is also straightforward. Analysis of the LiMn&sub2;O&sub4; spinel using this cell design shows that the lattice undergoes two major structural shrinkages at approx. 4.0 V and approx. 4.07 V during charging. These shrinkages correlate well with the two electrochemical waves observed and indicate the likelihood of two separate redox processes which charging and discharging.

  5. Wick-and-pool electrodes for electrochemical cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Roche, Michael F. (Downers Grove, IL); Faist, Suzan M. (Haddonfield, NJ); Eberhart, James G. (Naperville, IL); Ross, Laurids E. (Naperville, IL)

    1980-01-01

    An electrode system includes a reservoir of liquid-metal reactant, and a wick extending from a submersed location within the reservoir into the molten electrolyte of an electrochemical cell structure. The wick is flooded with the liquid metal and thereby serves as one electrode within the cell. This electrode system has application in high-temperature batteries employing molten alkali metals or their alloys as active material within an electrode submersed within a molten salt electrolyte. It also can be used in electrochemical cells where the purification, separation or electrowinning of liquid metals is accomplished.

  6. Nitrogen-doped Graphene and Its Electrochemical Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shao, Yuyan; Zhang, Sheng; Engelhard, Mark H.; Li, Guosheng; Shao, Guocheng; Wang, Yong; Liu, Jun; Aksay, Ilhan A.; Lin, Yuehe

    2010-06-04

    Nitrogen-doped graphene (N-graphene) is obtained by exposing graphene to nitrogen plasma. N-graphene exhibits much higher electrocatalytic activity toward oxygen reduction and H2O2 reduction than graphene, and much higher durability and selectivity than the widely-used expensive Pt. The excellent electrochemical performance of N-graphene is attributed to nitrogen functional groups and the specific properties of graphene. This indicates that N-graphene is promising for applications in electrochemical energy devices (fuel cells, metal-air batteries) and biosensors.

  7. Electrochemical process and production of novel complex hydrides

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zidan, Ragaiy

    2013-06-25

    A process of using an electrochemical cell to generate aluminum hydride (AlH.sub.3) is provided. The electrolytic cell uses a polar solvent to solubilize NaAlH.sub.4. The resulting electrochemical process results in the formation of AlH.sub.3. The AlH.sub.3 can be recovered and used as a source of hydrogen for the automotive industry. The resulting spent aluminum can be regenerated into NaAlH.sub.4 as part of a closed loop process of AlH.sub.3 generation.

  8. Regeneration of anion exchange resins by catalyzed electrochemical reduction

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gu, Baohua (Oak Ridge, TN); Brown, Gilbert M. (Knoxville, TN)

    2002-01-01

    Anion exchange resins sorbed with perchlorate may be regenerated by a combination of chemical reduction of perchlorate to chloride using a reducing agent and an electrochemical reduction of the oxidized reducing agent. Transitional metals including Ti, Re, and V are preferred chemical reagents for the reduction of perchlorate to chloride. Complexing agents such as oxalate are used to prevent the precipitation of the oxidized Ti(IV) species, and ethyl alcohol may be added to accelerate the reduction kinetics of perchlorate. The regeneration may be performed by continuously recycling the regenerating solution through the resin bed and an electrochemical cell so that the secondary waste generation is minimized.

  9. Int. J. Electrochem. Sci., 8 (2013) 2305 -2312 International Journal of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Guozhong

    2013-01-01

    improved electrocatalytic activity. Keywords: Platinum, Nickel, Alloy, Dendrites, Formic acid, and tetrahedron, etc.) [6-10], 1-dimensional (nanowire, nanorod, and nanotube, etc.) [11-13], 2- dimensional

  10. A new design for a disposable and modifiable electrochemical cell (Journal

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnicalInformation4563 LLNL(Technicalentanglements for linear and nonlinearArticle) |

  11. A new design for a disposable and modifiable electrochemical cell (Journal

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnicalInformation4563 LLNL(Technicalentanglements for linear and nonlinearArticle)

  12. Chinese Renewable Energy Society CRES formerly Chinese Solar...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Chinese Renewable Energy Society CRES formerly Chinese Solar Energy Society Jump to: navigation, search Name: Chinese Renewable Energy Society (CRES) (formerly Chinese Solar Energy...

  13. Ten Steps for Setting Up an Online Journal Club

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    faq/. Accessed January 20, JOURNAL OF CONTINUING EDUCATIONBlog. Introducing PubMed Commons Journal Club. Available17/introducing-pubmed-commons-journal-clubs/. Accessed

  14. 346 J. Electrochem. Soc., Vol. 141, No. 2, February 1994 9 The Electrochemical Society, Inc. 1. A. O. Isenberg, in Proceedings of International Sympo-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weidner, John W.

    without sacrificing accuracy. Battery models that can predict the effect of operating conditions condition and prolong battery life. In addition, a variety of design parameters can be investigated to aid Battery Symposium, Jpn., 2C04 (1990). 6. T. Takahashi, H. Iwahara, and I. Ito, Denki Kagaku, 38, 509 (1970

  15. J. Electrochem. Soc., Vol. 142, No. 5, May 1995 9 The Electrochemical Society, Inc. 1401 1. E.g. Lawrence and E. Tannas, Jr., Flat-Panel Displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weidner, John W.

    , and H. Sawai, J. Inst. Television Engineers Jpn., 47, 1006 (1993). 8. K. Machida, K. Amano, M. TokuraMotupaUy,*ChristopherC. Streinz,and JohnW. Weidner** Department of Chemical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia/hydrogen, and nickel/metal hydrides. The re- dox reaction taking place at the electrode during discharge and charge can

  16. 34 J. Electrochem. Soc., Vol. 145, No. 1, January 1998 The Electrochemical Society, Inc. 7 dimensionless time, (t I il/nFcNIl)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weidner, John W.

    ,* Mukul Jain,* Venkat Srinivasan,* and John W. Weidner** Center for Electro chemical Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina 29208, USA rechargeable battery systems (e.g., nick- el/cadmium, nickel/zinc, nickel/hydmgen, and nickel/metal hydride

  17. J. Electrochem. Soc., Vol. 137, No. 7, July 1990 9 The Electrochemical Society, Inc. 2103 U~e standard potential of the reference electrode on the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Economou, Demetre J.

    . Twardoch, in "Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell Technology," (PV 84-13) J. R. Selman and T. D. Claar, Editors, p

  18. J. Electrochem. Soc., Vol. 144, No. 3, March 1997 The Electrochemical Society, Inc. Schaefer and M. Keppeler for critically reading the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weidner, John W.

    .El-Anadouli and Badr G.Ateya* Departmentof Chemistry, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt ABSTRACT The electrowinning to predict the effect of gas bubbles on the coulombic efficiency and current distributions of the metal

  19. Mediated electrochemical oxidation of organic wastes without electrode separators

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Farmer, J.C.; Wang, F.T.; Hickman, R.G.; Lewis, P.R.

    1996-05-14

    An electrochemical cell/electrolyte/mediator combination is described for the efficient destruction of organic contaminants using metal salt mediators in a sulfuric acid electrolyte, wherein the electrodes and mediator are chosen such that hydrogen gas is produced at the cathode and no cell membrane is required. 3 figs.

  20. MATERIALS, INTERFACES, AND ELECTROCHEMICAL PHENOMENA Hydrophilic Zeolite Coatings for Improved

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aguilar, Guillermo

    MATERIALS, INTERFACES, AND ELECTROCHEMICAL PHENOMENA Hydrophilic Zeolite Coatings for Improved Heat on the surface of a bare, ZSM-5 coated, and Zeolite-A coated stainless steel 304 substrate at different initial surface temperatures was experimentally studied. ZSM-5 and Zeolite-A coated SS-304 are more much more