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1

Joint Global Change Research Institute | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Global Change Research Institute Global Change Research Institute Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Joint Global Change Research Institute Name Joint Global Change Research Institute Agency/Company /Organization Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Pathways analysis Website http://www.globalchange.umd.ed References Global Change Research Institute [1] Abstract The Joint Global Change Research Institute (JGCRI) houses an interdisciplinary team dedicated to understanding the problems of global climate change and their potential solutions. Joint Institute staff bring decades of experience and expertise to bear in science, technology, economics, and policy. "The Joint Global Change Research Institute (JGCRI) houses an

2

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory The Joint Global Change  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pacific Northwest Pacific Northwest National Laboratory The Joint Global Change The Joint Global Change Research Institute Research Institute Nuclear Power and Stabilizing CO 2 Concentrations Jae Edmonds and Sonny Kim Nuclear Energy Research Advisory Committee Meeting April 15 and 16, 2002 Alexandria, VA Pacific Northwest National Laboratory 2 The Joint Global Change The Joint Global Change Research Institute Research Institute CLIMATE CHANGE Pacific Northwest National Laboratory 3 The Joint Global Change The Joint Global Change Research Institute Research Institute CLIMATE CHANGE Multiple gases * CO 2 (fossil fuel, land-use) * CH 4 (rice paddies, ruminant livestock, landfills, coal mining, oil and gas production, incomplete combustion) * N 2 O (nitrogen fertilizers, industrial processes, other??)

3

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change Biofuels, Climate Policy August 2009 #12;The MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change is an organization Co-Directors For more information, please contact the Joint Program Office Postal Address: Joint

4

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change The Economic Impacts of Climate Change Greenstone Report No. 131 January 2006 #12;The MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change is an organization for research, independent policy analysis, and public education in global environmental change

5

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Production Sectors Non-Extant Supply Sources Goods Shale Oil Agriculture AGRI Unconventional Gas EnergyMIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change Technology and Technical Change July 2004 #12;The MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change is an organization

6

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the Kyoto Protocol, incentive-based policies such as emissions trading and the clean development mechanismMIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change Incentive-based Approaches centers at MIT: the Center for Global Change Science (CGCS) and the Center for Energy and Environmental

7

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change Rethinking the Kyoto Emissions Targets on the Science and Policy of Global Change is an organization for research, independent policy analysis scientific, economic, and ecological aspects of this difficult issue, and combining them into policy

8

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy supply technologies. In comparison to many previous studies of natural gas markets, a global to the addition of unconventional gas supplies. In 2008, the EU imported about 8.5 Tcf of natural gas: 4.5 TcfMIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change Russia's Natural Gas Export Potential

9

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory The Joint Global Change  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CHANGE 2 * Pre-industrial concentration 280 ppmv * Current concentration 370 ppmv * Fossil fuels 6.9 PgCyear * Land-use change 1.6+ 1.3 PgCyear Pacific Northwest National...

10

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the approach for this study for natural gas supply by creating a two-stage production process. In stage 1 global supplies of natural gas by EPPA region and uncertainty range. The mean global estimate of 16) is from 12,400 to 20,800 Tcf. The set of natural gas supply functions are based on estimates

11

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of greenhouse gas emissions restrictions, only a few of these studies also consider policies that would offset restrictions is also analyzed. Policies to limit greenhouse gas emissions are, in effect, structural changes: (1) As if there were "business as usual," i.e. with no greenhouse gas policy restrictions, which

12

Global Climate Change Links  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Climate Change Links Global Climate Change Links This page provides links to web pages that we at CDIAC feel do a responsible job of presenting information and discussion pertinent to the science behind the global climate change ("global warming") debate. These sites include those on both sides of the debate; some asserting that global warming is a clear and present danger, and others that might be labeled global warming "skeptics." Some of these sites don't take a position per se; they exist to offer the public objective scientific information and results on our present understanding of the climate system. The list is not intended to be comprehensive, by any means. We hope it will be especially helpful for those who may be just beginning their research into global

13

Global Climate Change  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

When President Bush announced his Global Climate Change Initiative in February 2002, he committed the United States to a new strategy to cut greenhouse gas emissions over the next...

14

Assessment of U.S. Cap-and-Trade Proposals MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change Report 160  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 Net Crude Oil Imports (billion 2005$) 77.40 85.21 93.97 102.60 110Assessment of U.S. Cap-and-Trade Proposals MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global indicators) Bio Liquids Production in US (EJ) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net Bio Liquids Imports

15

Recent Progress in the Joint Agreements on "Global and Regional Climate Change" Studies between the United States and the People's Republic of China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes the progress since 1991 of two agreements on "global and regional climate change" studies between the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and two state agencies of the People's Republic of China. The first agreement is the DOE—...

Michael R. Riches; Wei-Chyung Wang; Panqin Chen; Shiyan Tao; Shuguang Zhou; Yihui Ding

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Study Climate and Global Change  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

What We Study How We Study Prepare The Nation For Change Assess the U.S. Climate Make Our Science Accessible Link Climate Change & Health Provide Data and Tools Coordinate Internationally Study Climate and Global Change Print E-mail Deforestation What is global change? "Global change" refers to changes in the global environment that may alter the capacity of the Earth to sustain life. This includes alterations in: Climate Land productivity Oceans or other water resources Atmospheric chemistry Ecological systems Demographic and socioeconomic trends What is global change research? According to the Global Change Research Act of 1990, "Global change research" refers to the study, monitoring, assessment, prediction, and information management activities used to describe and understand the:

17

Joint Spatiotemporal Variability of Global Sea Surface Temperatures and Global Palmer Drought Severity Index Values  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dominant modes of individual and joint variability in global sea surface temperatures (SST) and global Palmer drought severity index (PDSI) values for the twentieth century are identified through a multivariate frequency domain singular value ...

Somkiat Apipattanavis; Gregory J. McCabe; Balaji Rajagopalan; Subhrendu Gangopadhyay

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Joint Variability of Global Runoff and Global Sea Surface Temperatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global land surface runoff and sea surface temperatures (SST) are analyzed to identify the primary modes of variability of these hydroclimatic data for the period 1905–2002. A monthly water-balance model first is used with global monthly ...

Gregory J. McCabe; David M. Wolock

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Frequently Asked Global Change Questions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Asked Global Change Questions Asked Global Change Questions This page lists global change questions that have been received at CDIAC and the answers that were provided to a diverse audience. If you have a question relating to carbon dioxide and global change and cannot find the answer you need here, you can "Ask Us a Question", and we will be glad to try to help you. Questions Should we grow trees to remove carbon in the atmosphere? What are the present tropospheric concentrations, global warming potentials (100 year time horizon), and atmospheric lifetimes of CO2, CH4, N2O, CFC-11, CFC-12, CFC-113, CCl4, methyl chloroform, HCFC-22, sulphur hexafluoride, trifluoromethyl sulphur pentafluoride, perfluoroethane, and surface ozone? Where can I find information on the naming of halocarbons?

20

Educational Global Climate Change Links  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Educational Global Climate Change Links Educational Global Climate Change Links Evidence of the importance of global climate change to the future generation is reflected in the increasing number of queries CDIAC receives from students and educators, from a range of educational levels. We have compiled a listing of some sites that we hope will be of interest and of use to those looking for information, fun, ideas, and ways that they can make a difference. These links were chosen because we have found them useful in responding to those with inquiring minds. These links will take the user outside of CDIAC, and are by no means comprehensive. We are not responsible for the content or intent of these outside links. Tools you can use! NOAA's Global Climate Dashboard - The Global Climate Dashboard is

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Global sensitivity analysis of stochastic computer models with joint metamodels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The global sensitivity analysis method used to quantify the influence of uncertain input variables on the variability in numerical model responses has already been applied to deterministic computer codes; deterministic means here that the same set of ... Keywords: Computer experiment, Gaussian process, Generalized additive model, Joint modeling, Sobol indices, Uncertainty

Amandine Marrel; Bertrand Iooss; Sébastien Veiga; Mathieu Ribatet

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Global change: Acronyms and abbreviations  

SciTech Connect

This list of acronyms and abbreviations is compiled to provide the user with a ready reference to dicipher the linguistic initialisms and abridgements for the study of global change. The terms included in this first edition were selected from a wide variety of sources: technical reports, policy documents, global change program announcements, newsletters, and other periodicals. The disciplinary interests covered by this document include agriculture, atmospheric science, ecology, environmental science, oceanography, policy science, and other fields. In addition to its availability in hard copy, the list of acronyms and abbreviations is available in DOS-formatted diskettes and through CDIAC`s anonymous File Transfer Protocol (FTP) area on the Internet.

Woodard, C.T. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Stoss, F.W. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Energy, Environment and Resources Center

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

PNNL: Atmospheric Sciences & Global Change - Frontiers in Global Change  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frontiers in Global Change Frontiers in Global Change Dr. Thanos Nenes Dr. Thanos Nenes Aerosol-Cloud Interactions: The Elusive Component of Climate Change Dr. Thanos Nenes Professor & Georgia Power Faculty Scholar, School of Earth & Atmospheric Sciences, School of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA Thursday, August 1, 2013 EMSL Auditorium 10:00AM The effect of human activities on climate is one of the most important issues facing society. Humans influence climate in many ways. Emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) tend to warm climate, by reducing the amount of infrared radiation that is emitted to space. Increased levels of suspended atmospheric particles ("aerosols") exert a net cooling effect by directly scattering and absorption of solar radiation (the "aerosol direct climatic

24

United States Global Change Research Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

world. Read more... More Articles... Protect the Electric Grid from Increasingly Severe Weather Due to Climate Change, Says Joint White House and Department of Energy Report...

25

Global Change Research Act of 1990  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Change Research Act of 1990 Print E-mail Global Change Research Act of 1990 Print E-mail The U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) was established by Presidential initiative in 1989 and mandated by Congress in the Global Change Research Act (GCRA) of 1990 in order to "assist the nation and the world to understand, assess, predict, and respond to human-induced and natural processes of global change." In consultation with White House officials and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research (SGCR), USGCRP's Executive Director ensures that the Program meets all mandated requirements which are summarized in the table below. Global Change Research Act of 1990 Requirements Please click on the buttons below for further details about the Global Change Research Act of 1990. Public Law 101-606(11/16/90) 104 Stat. 3096-3104

26

White House Conference on Global Climate Change  

SciTech Connect

President Clinton has directed the White House office on Environmental Policy to coordinate an interagency process to develop a plan to fulfill the commitment he made in his Earth Day address on April 21, 1993. This plan will become the cornerstone of the Climate Change Plan that will be completed shortly after the Rio Accord enters into force. The Office on Environmental Policy established the Interagency Climate Change Mitigation Group to draw on the expertise of federal agencies including the National Economic Council; the Council of Economic Advisors; the Office of Science and Technology Policy; the Office of Management and Budget; the National Security Council; the Domestic Policy Council; the Environmental Protection Agency; and the Departments of Energy, Transportation, Agriculture, Interior, Treasury, Commerce, and State. Working groups have been established to examine six key policy areas: energy demand, energy supply, joint implementation, methane and other gases, sinks, and transportation. The purpose of the White House Conference on Global Climate Change was to ``tap the real-world experiences`` of diverse participants and seek ideas and information for meeting the President`s goals. During the opening session, senior administration officials defined the challenge ahead and encouraged open and frank conversation about the best possible ways to meet it.

Not Available

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Energy Crossroads: Global Climate Change | Environmental Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Climate Change Global Climate Change Suggest a Listing Best Global Warming Articles Global Warming Articles provides facts about the causes, effects and answers to global warming; the environment; energy conservation, climate change and more. Ecolytics As emissions requirements, climate change, financial markets, and risk management become increasingly interconnected, organizations are left with critical choices regarding greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions management. Ecolytics(tm), a comprehensive web-based software tool, can help organizations in the navigation of this complex area by providing an effective cataloging, strategic planning, economic analysis, and risk management solution. Enviro$en$e Funded by the Environmental Protection Agency and the Strategic

28

Change in Global Temperature: A Statistical Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates several issues relating to global climatic change using statistical techniques that impose minimal restrictions on the data. The main findings are as follows: 1) The global temperature increase since the last century is a ...

Gordon R. Richards

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

A Multinational Course on Global Climate Change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel multinational course on global climate change was developed by East Carolina University in collaboration with five international universities and the U.S. Department of State. This course was developed to help foster the global conversation needed ...

Rosana Nieto Ferreira; Andrew Herdman; Scott Curtis; Rosina Chia; Elmer Poe; Robert Thompson; Biwu Yang

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Global change research: Science and policy  

SciTech Connect

This report characterizes certain aspects of the Global Change Research Program of the US Government, and its relevance to the short and medium term needs of policy makers in the public and private sectors. It addresses some of the difficulties inherent in the science and policy interface on the issues of global change. Finally, this report offers some proposals for improving the science for policy process in the context of global environmental change.

Rayner, S.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Innovative approaches to integrated global change modelling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Integrated models are important tools to investigate the interactions between planetary processes and the growing impacts of human populations - in short: global change. Current models still have significant shortcomings, notably in their representation ... Keywords: Global change, Innovative approaches, Integrated assessment, Modelling, Research priorities

Carlo Giupponi, Mark E. Borsuk, Bert J. M. De Vries, Klaus Hasselmann

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Carbon dioxide and global change  

SciTech Connect

This book presents an analysis and review of the many potential consequences of the rapidly rising CO{sub 2} content of Earth's atmosphere. Covering both the physical (climatic) and biological effects of atmospheric CO{sub 2} enrichment, the book presents an overview of the interrelated aspects of this complex and demanding subject. Focus is on the search for evidence of global warming (the highly speculative climatic greenhouse effect) and global vegetative stimulation (the well established biological greenhouse effect). The pros and cons of all issues related to these phenomena are discussed. The author's estimate of where the world is headed as a result of mankind's great geophysical experiments is offered.

Idso, S.B. (Arizona State Univ. (US))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Global Climate Change Alliance Training Workshops on Mainstreaming...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Global Climate Change Alliance Training Workshops on Mainstreaming Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Global Climate Change Alliance Training Workshop on...

34

Amazonia and Global Change Portuguese translation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Amazonia and Global Change Portuguese translation Amazonia and Global Change Portuguese translation Amazonia and Global Change, the edited compilation of synthesis papers on the Large Scale Biosphere Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA), is now available in Portuguese and English. This book synthesizes the results of the LBA research, bringing together the most important new results and the new understanding of Amazonia that has resulted. Portuguese versions of the chapters are available here without restriction. The English versions of the chapters can be obtained from the AGU Web site for the book. The NASA Terrestrial Ecology Program funded this translation. LBA Amazonia and Global Change Contents Sumário Preface Prefácio John Gash, Michael Keller, Mercedes Bustamante e Pedro Silva Dias [English]* [Português]

35

Global Changes of the Water Cycle Intensity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, numerical simulations of the twentieth-century climate are evaluated, focusing on the changes in the intensity of the global water cycle. A new model diagnostic of atmospheric water vapor cycling rate is developed and employed that ...

Michael G. Bosilovich; Siegfried D. Schubert; Gregory K. Walker

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Earth observations and global change decision making, 1989  

SciTech Connect

This book covers: global change databases;; satellite data for climate and global change; reversing the greenhouse effect; hydrological implications of the greenhouse effect; and policy models for global change.

Ginsberg, I.W. (Information Analysis and Exploitation Lab., ERIM, MI (US)); Angelo, J.A. Jr. (Florida Institute of Technology, FL (US))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Global climate change and pedogenic carbonates  

SciTech Connect

Global Climate Change summarizes what is known about soil inorganic carbon and develops strategies that could lead to the retention of more carbon in the soil. It covers basic concepts, analytical methods, secondary carbonates, and research and development priorities. With this book one will get a better understanding of the global carbon cycle, organic and inorganic carbon, and their roles, or what is known of them, in the greenhouse effect.

Lal, R.; Kimble, J.M.; Stewart, B.A.; Eswaran, H. [eds.

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Global climate change and international security  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On May 8--10, 1991, the Midwest Consortium of International Security Studies (MCISS) and Argonne National Laboratory cosponsored a conference on Global Climate Change and International Security. The aim was to bring together natural and social scientists to examine the economic, sociopolitical, and security implications of the climate changes predicted by the general circulation models developed by natural scientists. Five themes emerged from the papers and discussions: (1) general circulation models and predicted climate change; (2) the effects of climate change on agriculture, especially in the Third World; (3) economic implications of policies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions; (4) the sociopolitical consequences of climate change; and (5) the effect of climate change on global security.

Rice, M.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Global Change Master Directory | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Change Master Directory Global Change Master Directory Energy Data Apps Maps Challenges Resources Blogs Let's Talk Energy Beta You are here Data.gov » Communities » Energy » Data Global Change Master Directory Dataset Summary Description The GCMD database holds more than 30,000 descriptions of Earth science data sets and services covering all aspects of Earth and environmental sciences. Tags {Agriculture,atmosphere,biosphere,bilogy,climate,cryosphere,"land surface",oceans,paleoclimate,"solid Earth",Sun,"terrestrial hydrosphere",NASA,GSFC,"Goddard Space Flight Center"} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet Ease of Access 0 No votes yet Dataset Additional Information Last Updated 01-Jan-2010 Publisher National Aeronautics and Space Administration

40

Perspectives on Global Change: the TARGETS Approach  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Perspectives on Global Change: the TARGETS Approach Perspectives on Global Change: the TARGETS Approach Speaker(s): Bert DeVries Date: February 6, 1998 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3148 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Richard Sextro TARGETS is a simulation model designed to help explore the future of the world innovatively and to search for adequate operationalization of the concept of sustainable development. It incorporates a unique approach to the study of long-term global change and sustainability issues. The model is distinguished by its treatment of uncertainties through explicit formulation of cultural perspectives on controversial issues, and by its inclusion of a visualisation tool to enable transparent and interactive presentation of scenario analyses. TARGETS embodies an interdisciplinary approach, deals explictly with both physical and socio-economic

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Global-Change Meetings, Workshops, and Conferences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global-Change Meetings, Workshops, and Conferences While CDIAC itself does not maintain a complete listing of global-change meetings, we are happy to provide the following links to other World-Wide-Web sites that do maintain such a calendar. Please let us know if you find these useful, if there are others that can be added, or if any of the listed sites cease to provide this service. By providing these links, we do not wish to imply that CDIAC or the U.S. Department of Energy necessarily endorses any of the meetings that are listed. AGU Meetings AMS Meetings Home Page Global Change Calendar IGBP Meetings IISD Linkages - Upcoming Meetings on Cimate and the Atmosphere NASA's Earth Observing System National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), Institute for the

42

Global climate change and infectious diseases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of global climate change on infectious diseases are hypothetical until more is known about the degree of change in temperature and humidity that will occur. Diseases most likely to increase in their distribution and severity have three-factor (agent, vector, and human being) and four-factor (plus vertebrate reservoir host) ecology. Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes may move northward and have more rapid metamorphosis with global warming. These mosquitoes transmit dengue virus, and Aedes aegypti transmits yellow fever virus. The faster metamorphosis and a shorter extrinsic incubation of dengue and yellow fever viruses could lead to epidemics in North America. Vibrio cholera is harbored persistently in the estuaries of the U.S. Gulf Coast. Over the past 200 years, cholera has become pandemic seven times with spread from Asia to Europe, Africa, and North America. Global warming may lead to changes in water ecology that could enhance similar spread of cholera in North America. Some other infectious diseases such as LaCrosse encephalitis and Lyme disease are caused by agents closely dependent on the integrity of their environment. These diseases may become less prominent with global warming because of anticipated modification of their habitats. Ecological studies will help as to understand more fully the possible consequences of global warming. New and more effective methods for control of vectors will be needed. 12 refs., 1 tab.

Shope, R. (Yale Univ. School of Medicine, New Haven, CT (United States))

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Joint Statement on the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership and Nuclear Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Statement on the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership and Statement on the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership and Nuclear Energy Cooperation Joint Statement on the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership and Nuclear Energy Cooperation Ministers and other senior officials representing the respective governmental agencies of China, France, Japan, Russia, and the United States met in Washington, D.C., on May 21, 2007 to address the prospects for international cooperation in peaceful uses of nuclear energy, including technical aspects, especially in the framework of the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP). The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) also attended as an observer. Joint Statement on the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership and Nuclear Energy Cooperation More Documents & Publications Ministerial Conference

44

Aspen Global Change Institute Summer Science Sessions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Aspen Global Change Institute (AGCI) successfully organized and convened six interdisciplinary meetings over the course of award NNG04GA21G. The topics of the meetings were consistent with a range of issues, goals and objectives as described within the NASA Earth Science Enterprise Strategic Plan and more broadly by the US Global Change Research Program/Our Changing Planet, the more recent Climate Change Program Strategic Plan and the NSF Pathways report. The meetings were chaired by two or more leaders from within the disciplinary focus of each session. 222 scholars for a total of 1097 participants-days were convened under the auspices of this award. The overall goal of each AGCI session is to further the understanding of Earth system science and global environmental change through interdisciplinary dialog. The format and structure of the meetings allows for presentation by each participant, in-depth discussion by the whole group, and smaller working group and synthesis activities. The size of the group is important in terms of the group dynamics and interaction, and the ability for each participant's work to be adequately presented and discussed within the duration of the meeting, while still allowing time for synthesis

Katzenberger, John; Kaye, Jack A

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Global Climate Change Impacts & Activities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Shop Floor to Top Floor: Best Business Shop Floor to Top Floor: Best Business Practices in Energy Efficiency From Shop Floor to Top Floor: Best Business Practices in Energy Efficiency Andre de Fontaine Pew Center on Global Climate Change DOE ITP Webinar April 1, 2010 Andre de Fontaine Pew Center on Global Climate Change DOE ITP Webinar April 1, 2010 Introduction to Pew Center Introduction to Pew Center * Established in 1998 as an independent, non- partisan climate organization * Three-fold structure - a "do" tank: - Research - 100+ reports over 10 years - Actively advise on policy - state, federal, international - Business Environmental Leadership Council (BELC) o 46 companies o $2 trillion in revenues o Nearly 4 million employees Introduction to BELC Introduction to BELC 3 Efficiency Project Overview

46

Global fish production and climate change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current global fisheries production of {approx}160 million tons is rising as a result of increases in aquaculture production. A number of climate-related threats to both capture fisheries and aquaculture are identified, but there is low confidence in predictions of future fisheries production because of uncertainty over future global aquatic net primary production and the transfer of this production through the food chain to human consumption. Recent changes in the distribution and productivity of a number of fish species can be ascribed with high confidence to regional climate variability, such as the El Nino-Southern Oscillation. Future production may increase in some high-latitude regions because of warming and decreased ice cover, but the dynamics in low-latitude regions are giverned by different processes, and production may decline as a result of reduced vertical mixing of the water column and, hence, reduced recycling of nutrients. There are strong interactions between the effects of fishing and the effects of climate because fishing reduces the age, size, and geographic diversity of populations and the biodiversity of marine ecosystems, making both more sensitive to additional stresses such as climate change. Inland fisheries are additionally threatened by changes in precipiation and water management. The frequency and intensity of extreme climate events is likely to have a major impact on future fisheries production in both inland and marine systems. Reducing fishing mortality in the majority of fisheries, which are currently fully exploited or overexploited, is the pricipal feasible means of reducing the impacts of climate change.

Brander, K.M. [International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, Copenhagen (Denmark)

2007-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

47

ORAU Science Education Program (SEP) Global Change Education Program (GCEP)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ORAU Science Education Program (SEP) Global Change Education ORAU Science Education Program (SEP) Global Change Education Program (GCEP) PIA, Office of Information Resources ORAU Science Education Program (SEP) Global Change Education Program (GCEP) PIA, Office of Information Resources ORAU Science Education Program (SEP) Global Change Education Program (GCEP) PIA, Office of Information Resources ORAU Science Education Program (SEP) Global Change Education Program (GCEP) PIA, Office of Information Resources More Documents & Publications iManage Strategic Integrated Procurement Enterprise System (STRIPES) PIA, Office of Procurement and Assistance Management MOX Services Unclassified Information System PIA, National Nuclear Services Administration E-IDR (Inventory Disclosure Record) PIA, Idaho National Laboratory

48

An Analytical Model of Atmospheric Feedback and Global Temperature Change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analytical model of the globally averaged surface temperature response to changes in radiative forcing induced by greenhouse gases is developed from a time-dependent version of the global energy budget. The model clarifies the role of feedback ...

John A. Dutton

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Sustainable biochar to mitigate global climate change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Production of biochar (the carbon-rich solid formed by pyrolysis of biomass), in combination with its storage in soils, has been suggested as a means to abate anthropogenic climate change, while simultaneously increasing crop yields. The climate mitigation potential stems primarily from the highly recalcitrant nature of biochar, which slows the rate at which photosynthetically fixed carbon is returned to the atmosphere. Significant uncertainties exist, however, regarding the impact, capacity, and sustainability of biochar for carbon capture and storage when scaled to the global level. Previous estimates, based on simple assumptions, vary widely. Here we show that, subject to strict environmental and modest economic constraints on biomass procurement and biochar production methods, annual net emissions of CO2, CH4 and N2O could be reduced by 1.1 - 1.9 Pg CO2-C equivalent (CO2-Ce)/yr (7 - 13% of current anthropogenic CO2-Ce emissions; 1Pg = 1 Gt). Over one century, cumulative net emissions of these gases could be reduced by 72-140 Pg CO2-Ce. The lower end of this range uses currently untapped residues and wastes; the upper end requires substantial alteration to global biomass management, but would not endanger food security, habitat or soil conservation. Half the avoided emissions are due to the net C sequestered as biochar, one-quarter to replacement of fossil-fuel energy by pyrolysis energy, and one-quarter to avoided emissions of CH4 and N2O. The total mitigation potential is 18-30% greater than if the same biomass were combusted to produce energy. Despite limited data for the decomposition rate of biochar in soils and the effects of biochar additions on soil greenhouse-gas fluxes, sensitivity within realistic ranges of these parameters is small, resulting in an uncertainty of ±8% (±1 s.d.) in our estimates. Achieving these mitigation results requires, however, that biochar production be performed using only low-emissions technologies and feedstocks obtained sustainably, with minimal carbon debt incurred from land-use change.

Woolf, Dominic; Amonette, James E.; Street-Perrott, F. A.; Lehmann, Johannes C.; Joseph, Stephen

2010-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

50

Climate Models from the Joint Global Change Research Institute  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

•\tEPIC - (aka WinEPIC) The Environmental Policy Integrated Climate (EPIC) Model is a process-based agricultural systems model composed of simulation components for weather, hydrology, nutrient cycling, pesticide fate, tillage, crop growth, soil erosion, crop and soil management and economics. Staff at PNNL have been involved in the development of this model by integrating new sub-models for soil carbon dynamics and nitrogen cycling.

51

ORNL Global Change and Developing Country Programs | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ORNL Global Change and Developing Country Programs ORNL Global Change and Developing Country Programs (Redirected from Global Change and Developing Country Programs) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Global Change and Developing Country Programs Name Global Change and Developing Country Programs Agency/Company /Organization Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector Energy Website http://www.esd.ornl.gov/eess/g References Global Change [1] "For more than twenty years, ORNL has been active in energy and environmental collaborations with developing countries. Projects have involved more than forty countries in Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, and the Middle East; and they have included every major kind of energy technology and policy, along with a wide range of environmental technologies and policies." [1]

52

U.S. Global Change Research Program publishes "National Climate...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

U.S. Global Change Research Program publishes "National Climate Assessment" report for United States Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Graham7781's picture Submitted by...

53

Financing a Global Deal on Climate Change | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Financing a Global Deal on Climate Change Financing a Global Deal on Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Financing a Global Deal on Climate Change Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme Topics: Finance, Co-benefits assessment Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.unepfi.org/fileadmin/documents/FinancingGlobalDeal.pdf References: Financing a Global Deal for Climate Change [1] Summary "This Green Paper builds on this experience and focuses on the priorities identified by UNEP FI to mobilise the skills and resources of the banking, investment and insurance sectors behind an effective, efficient and equitable global deal on climate change at COP15 in Copenhagen. The Paper addresses the types of decisions that governments could take in Copenhagen

54

Modeling global temperature changes with genetic programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We use genetic programming (GP), a variant of evolutionary computation, to build interpretable models of global mean temperature as a function of natural and anthropogenic forcings. In contrast to the conventional approach, which engages models that ... Keywords: Data-driven modeling, Evolutionary computation, Genetic programming, Global temperature modeling, Unconstrained optimization

Karolina Stanislawska; Krzysztof Krawiec; Zbigniew W. Kundzewicz

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Global Environmental Change and Human Security  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with human rights, human security or environmental change ifEnvironmental Change and Human Security By Matthew, RichardChange and Human Security. Cambridge, Massachusetts &

Kunnas, Jan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Global Climate Change: Risk to Bank Loans | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Change: Risk to Bank Loans Climate Change: Risk to Bank Loans Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Global Climate Change: Risk to Bank Loans Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme Topics: Finance, Co-benefits assessment, Market analysis Resource Type: Publications, Guide/manual Website: www.unepfi.org/fileadmin/documents/global_climate_change_risk.pdf Global Climate Change: Risk to Bank Loans Screenshot References: Global Climate Change: Risk to Bank Loans[1] Summary "The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of climate change related risks on bank borrowers, utilizing as much data and analysis as possible. The first section of this report reviews the current climate change policies in place in Canada, Europe, and the US, in order to provide

57

Effects of Recent Environmental Changes on Global Seismicity and Volcanism  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A covariation of recent global environmental changes and seismicity on Earth is demonstrated. Presently, rising concern about anthropogenic activities and their consequences on the cryosphere and environment have always overlooked changes related ...

Evgeny A. Podolskiy

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Mapping environments at risk under different global climate change scenarios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ON Significant disruptions to natural ecosystems are widely expected as a result of global climate change. There is uncertainty about the pace of this change because that depends on future greenhouse gas emissions and complex no readily predictable community structure or composition. We introduce a novel approach to mapping global

Hoffman, Forrest M.

59

Global climate change: Implications, challenges and mitigation measures  

SciTech Connect

The present volume discusses topics in the fields of natural climatic fluctuations, the greenhouse effect, climate modeling, the biophysical and socioeconomic impacts of climate change, climate-change effect mitigation and adaptation strategies, and domestic (US) and international perspectives on regulation of climate-affecting activities. Attention is given to past climates as a guide to the future, the certainty of contemporary global warming, the physics of the greenhouse effect, the global carbon cycle, general circulation model studies of global warming, the implications of sea-level rise, forests' role in global climate change, the ecological effects of rapid climate change, predicted effects of climate change on agriculture, the impact of global warming on human health, energy supply technologies for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and the U.N.'s 1992 Earth Summit Conference.

Majumdar, S.K.; Kalkstein, L.S.; Yarnal, B.M.; Miller, E.W.; Rosenfeld, L.M.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

DOE, USDA, and NSF Launch Joint Climate Change Prediction Research Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE, USDA, and NSF Launch Joint Climate Change Prediction Research DOE, USDA, and NSF Launch Joint Climate Change Prediction Research Program DOE, USDA, and NSF Launch Joint Climate Change Prediction Research Program March 22, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - The U.S. Departments of Energy and Agriculture and the National Science Foundation (NSF) announced the launch of a joint research program to produce high-resolution models for predicting climate change and its resulting impacts. Called Decadal and Regional Climate Prediction Using Earth System Models (EaSM), the program is designed to generate models that -- significantly more powerful than existing models -- can help decision-makers develop adaptation strategies addressing climate change. These models will be developed through a joint, interagency solicitation

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Global Climate Change Alliance Training Workshops on Mainstreaming Climate  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Global Climate Change Alliance Training Workshops on Mainstreaming Climate Global Climate Change Alliance Training Workshops on Mainstreaming Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Global Climate Change Alliance Training Workshop on Mainstreaming Climate Change Agency/Company /Organization: Global Climate Change Alliance (GCCA) Sector: Climate Topics: Low emission development planning, -LEDS Resource Type: Training materials, Workshop Website: www.gcca.eu/pages/75_2-OCT-Workshop.html Cost: Free References: GCCA Countries Training Workshop[1] A GCCA workshop for OCT countries took place 27-28 January 2012 immediately following the OCT-EU Forum meeting in Brussels, Belgium. The workshop aimed at sharing views, knowledge, tools and experiences on climate change mitigation and adaptation and at raising awareness on the benefits and

62

Earth observations and global change decision making, 1990: A national partnership. Vol. 2  

SciTech Connect

Papers are presented on multispectral sensor technology to monitor global change, the global change master directory, application of the dynamic systems-engineering process to global change initiative data systems, and global change and biodiversity loss. Also considered are rational guidelines for national and international decision about global warming, and the dissemination of global change research data available to educators.

Ginsberg, I.W.; Angelo, J.A. Jr.; (Michigan, Environmental Research Institute, Ann Arbor; Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

ORNL Global Change and Developing Country Programs | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Change and Developing Country Programs Change and Developing Country Programs Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Global Change and Developing Country Programs Name Global Change and Developing Country Programs Agency/Company /Organization Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector Energy Website http://www.esd.ornl.gov/eess/g References Global Change [1] "For more than twenty years, ORNL has been active in energy and environmental collaborations with developing countries. Projects have involved more than forty countries in Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, and the Middle East; and they have included every major kind of energy technology and policy, along with a wide range of environmental technologies and policies." [1] References ↑ 1.0 1.1 Global Change Retrieved from

64

Global change research: Summaries of research in FY 1992  

SciTech Connect

Greenhouse gases result from both natural and man-made processes and include carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), nitrogen oxides (N{sub x}0{sub y}), methane, chlorofluorocarbons, halogenated compounds, water vapor, and others. Since the industrial revolution, the atmospheric concentrations of several greenhouse gases have been increasing, primarily because of human activities. These increases have the potential to cause global climate change through increased radiative forcing. Global climate change is a significant issue for the Department of Energy (DOE) because energy production and use now contribute more than half of the total man-made emissions of greenhouse gases on a global basis. The missions of the Department`s Global Change Research Program are: To predict the future atmospheric concentrations of CO{sub 2} and other energy-related greenhouse gases; to predict the future and magnitude of potential climate change caused by the enhanced greenhouse effect; to understand both the direct impacts of greenhouse-gas emissions on biota and the indirect consequences produced by climate change; to assess the impacts of global climate change on energy systems and energy demand; and to develop and assess the potential of mitigation and adaptation technologies and practices to offset or limit the impact of any potential climate change or to facilitate natural and societal adjustment to the environmental, social, and economic consequences of global climate changes. The information produced by these activities is necessary in order to assess the economic and environmental costs and benefits of both potential climate change caused by the effects of greenhouse gases and implementing different technologies and energy-policy options aimed at preventing, mitigating, or adapting to such change. This document describes the activities and products of the Global Change Research Program in FY 1992.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Global change research: Summaries of research in FY 1992  

SciTech Connect

Greenhouse gases result from both natural and man-made processes and include carbon dioxide (CO[sub 2]), nitrogen oxides (N[sub x]0[sub y]), methane, chlorofluorocarbons, halogenated compounds, water vapor, and others. Since the industrial revolution, the atmospheric concentrations of several greenhouse gases have been increasing, primarily because of human activities. These increases have the potential to cause global climate change through increased radiative forcing. Global climate change is a significant issue for the Department of Energy (DOE) because energy production and use now contribute more than half of the total man-made emissions of greenhouse gases on a global basis. The missions of the Department's Global Change Research Program are: To predict the future atmospheric concentrations of CO[sub 2] and other energy-related greenhouse gases; to predict the future and magnitude of potential climate change caused by the enhanced greenhouse effect; to understand both the direct impacts of greenhouse-gas emissions on biota and the indirect consequences produced by climate change; to assess the impacts of global climate change on energy systems and energy demand; and to develop and assess the potential of mitigation and adaptation technologies and practices to offset or limit the impact of any potential climate change or to facilitate natural and societal adjustment to the environmental, social, and economic consequences of global climate changes. The information produced by these activities is necessary in order to assess the economic and environmental costs and benefits of both potential climate change caused by the effects of greenhouse gases and implementing different technologies and energy-policy options aimed at preventing, mitigating, or adapting to such change. This document describes the activities and products of the Global Change Research Program in FY 1992.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Financing Global Climate Change Mitigation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Financing Global Climate Change Mitigation Financing Global Climate Change Mitigation Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Financing Global Climate Change Mitigation Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Finance Resource Type: Publications, Guide/manual Website: www.unece.org/energy/se/pdfs/gee21/gee21_pub/GEE21_GlobalClimateChange UN Region: "Western & Eastern Europe" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

67

State Roles in the Global Climate Change Issue  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Events in 1988 helped focus the attention of several states on the global climate change issue. Consequently, the National Governors’ Association conducted an assessment in 1989 and recommended various actions. By 1994, 22 states have enacted ...

Stanley A. Changnon

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

A Global Portfolio Strategy for Climate Change Technology Development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Global Portfolio Strategy for Climate Change Technology Development Speaker(s): Geoffrey J. Blanford Date: July 21, 2005 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar HostPoint of...

69

Two Approaches to Quantifying Uncertainty in Global Temperature Changes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Bayesian statistical model developed to produce probabilistic projections of regional climate change using observations and ensembles of general circulation models (GCMs) is applied to evaluate the probability distribution of global mean ...

Ana Lopez; Claudia Tebaldi; Mark New; Dave Stainforth; Myles Allen; Jamie Kettleborough

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Integrated ground-based and remotely sensed data to support global studies of environmental change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data centers routinely archive and distribute large databases of high quality and with rigorous documentation but, to meet the needs of global studies effectively and efficiently, data centers must go beyond these traditional roles. Global studies of environmental change require integrated databases of multiple data types that are accurately coordinated in terms of spatial, temporal and thematic properties. Such datasets must be designed and developed jointly by scientific researchers, computer specialists, and policy analysts. The presentation focuses on our approach for organizing data from ground-based research programs so that the data can be linked with remotely sensed data and other map data into integrated databases with spatial, temporal, and thematic characteristics relevant to global studies. The development of an integrated database for Net Primary Productivity is described to illustrate the process.

Olson, R.J.; Turner, R.S.; Garten, C.T.

1994-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

71

Technological Options to Address Global Climate Change  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2K-2854 RAB 4/01 2K-2854 RAB 4/01 Hydro 8% Coal 22% Coal 22% Other 1% Gas 23% Gas 23% Coal 19% Coal 19% Gas 28% Gas 28% Fossil Fuels Will Continue as Key to World Economy 1999 data from International Energy Annual 1999 (February 2001) 2020 data from International Energy Outlook 2001 (March 2001) + 6 0 % Oil 40% Hydro 7% Other 0.7% Nuclear 7% 1999 85% Fossil Energy 382 Qbtu / yr 2020 85% Fossil Energy 607 Qbtu / yr Oil 40% Nuclear 4% 2K-2854 RAB 4/01 World Energy Demand Growing Dramatically 0 2 4 6 8 12 2000 2050 2100 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 Population (Billions) Energy Consumption (Qbtu / yr) Population Projections: United Nations "Long-Range World Population Projections: Based on the 1998 Revision" Energy Projections: "Global Energy Perspectives" ITASA / WEC World Population Population of

72

Relative outcomes of climate change mitigation related to global  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Relative outcomes of climate change mitigation related to global Relative outcomes of climate change mitigation related to global temperature versus sea-level rise Submitted by mkaczmar on February 8, 2013 - 15:19 Authors: Gerald A. Meehl, Aixue Hu, Claudia Tebaldi, Julie M. Arblaster, Warren M. Washington, Haiyan Teng, Benjamin M. Sanderson, Toby Ault, Warren G. Strand & James B. White III There is a common perception that, if human societies make the significant adjustments necessary to substantively cut emissions of greenhouse gases, global temperature increases could be stabilized, and the most dangerous consequences of climate change could be avoided. Here we show results from global coupled climate model simulations with the new representative concentration pathway mitigation scenarios to 2300 to illustrate that, with

73

Biomass Burning: A Driver for Global Change!  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biomass burning includes the burning of the world''s vegetation---forests, savannas, and agricultural lands---to clear the land and change its use. Only in the past decade have researchers realized the important contributions of biomass burning to the ...

Levine J. S.; III W. R. Cofer; Jr D. R. Cahoon; Winstead E. L.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

concerns about rising energy demand and cost, diminishing oil reserves, and climate change, Central to prioritize enhancing national legislation, developing risk prevention plans, creating supply and demand side Polytechnic, Florida, USA H. B. Dulal (*) :G. Brodnig World Bank, 1818 H Street, Washington, DC 20433, NW, USA

75

Global climate change and the mitigation challenge  

SciTech Connect

Anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases, especially carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), have led to increasing atmospheric concentrations, very likely the primary cause of the 0.8{sup o}C warming the Earth has experienced since the Industrial Revolution. With industrial activity and population expected to increase for the rest of the century, large increases in greenhouse gas emissions are projected, with substantial global additional warming predicted. This paper examines forces driving CO{sub 2} emissions, a concise sector-by-sector summary of mitigation options, and research and development (R&D) priorities. To constrain warming to below approximately 2.5{sup o}C in 2100, the recent annual 3% CO{sub 2} emission growth rate needs to transform rapidly to an annual decrease rate of from 1 to 3% for decades. Furthermore, the current generation of energy generation and end-use technologies are capable of achieving less than half of the emission reduction needed for such a major mitigation program. New technologies will have to be developed and deployed at a rapid rate, especially for the key power generation and transportation sectors. Current energy technology research, development, demonstration, and deployment (RDD&D) programs fall far short of what is required. 20 refs., 18 figs., 4 tabs.

Frank Princiotta [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States). Air Pollution Prevention and Control Division

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

76

Role of Bioethanol in Global Climate Change  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The United States Department of Energy (DOE) has supported a research and development program for the establishment of renewable, biomass-derived, liquid fuels for the better part of the last twenty years. These 'biofuels' represent opportunities to respond to uncertainties about our energy security and the future health of our environment. Throughout its history, the Biofuels program has experienced an ongoing fiscal 'roller coaster'. Funding has ebbed and flowed with changing political and public attitudes about energy. The program was initiated in a flood of funding in the late 1970s related to the energy shortages experienced in that period. The flooding turned rapidly to drought as falling oil prices dissipated public concern about energy supplies. In the late 1980s, funding for the program slowly increased, driven by national security issues.

Sheehan, J.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

PNNL: Atmospheric Sciences & Global Change - Fundamental & Computational  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science and Global Change Science and Global Change Our researchers are transforming the nation's ability to predict climate change and its impacts. PNNL's research is expanding knowledge of fundamental atmospheric processes, developing state-of-the-art modeling capabilities, and improving understanding of how climate, energy, water, and land systems interact. Working across disciplines, we integrate theory, measurements, and modeling at molecular to global scales. Read more... aerial irrigation green circles Plugging Water's Effects in an Earth System Model In two studies led by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, researchers simulated how irrigation from both surface water and groundwater affects the Earth's water and energy budget. The two studies highlight the challenges for Earth system models to include a more complete

78

A Global Portfolio Strategy for Climate Change Technology Development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Global Portfolio Strategy for Climate Change Technology Development A Global Portfolio Strategy for Climate Change Technology Development Speaker(s): Geoffrey J. Blanford Date: July 21, 2005 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Afzal Siddiqui John Stoops In this study we propose a novel formulation of a decision problem in R&D strategy. The problem is motivated by and applied to the context of technologies relevant to global climate change, but is characterized in general by an aggregate R&D decision-maker with a social welfare objective, technology diffusion markets subject to externalities in which private costs are minimized, and uncertainty in both technological and environmental factors. A technology strategy is defined as the allocation of R&D investment across several broad research programs, and the

79

Global climate change: Social and economic research issues  

SciTech Connect

This workshop was designed to bring together a group of scholars, primarily from the social sciences, to explore research that might help in dealing with global climate change. To illustrate the state of present understanding, it seemed useful to focus this workshop on three broad questions that are involved in coping with climate change. These are: (1) How can the anticipated economic costs and benefits of climate change be identified; (2) How can the impacts of climate change be adjusted to or avoided; (3) What previously studied models are available for institutional management of the global environment? The resulting discussions may (1) identify worthwhile avenues for further social science research, (2) help develop feedback for natural scientists about research information from this domain needed by social scientists, and (3) provide policymakers with the sort of relevant research information from the social science community that is currently available. Individual papers are processed separately for the database.

Rice, M.; Snow, J.; Jacobson, H. [eds.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Memorandum on Land Use Change and the Global Food System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The LUC (Land Use Change) term in an LCA assessment of a biofuel’s global warming effect (GW), while superposable for small excursions, is not independent of other events in the global food system. In particular, the GW effect of biofuel use resulting from remote land use change mediated by global grain markets is probably larger to the extent that food supplies are under pressure from whatever other causes. Fuel use of any inputs to food production, especially land, unambiguously causes an increase in food prices relative to what they would otherwise be as long as the demand curve for food slopes upward to the left. Limited opportunities do exist for what are termed ‘pro-poor ’ land use strategies; namely positve, synergestic, interactions of biofuel production and food availability. An example from Africa is included in this memo. Past experience with the ‘Green Revolution ’ of agricultural intensification suggests, however, that the chance to improve the sitation of the global poor can be exceedingly difficult to implement. Discussion Current analysis of the global warming (GW) effect resulting from the substitution of biofuels for petroleum recognizes that land use change (LUC) remote in space (and possibly time) induced by competition with food consumption for biofeedstocks may be large, and that the carbon releases from these changes may not only reduce the GW advantage of [some] biofuels over petroleum but actually reverse it. The discussion has been especially influenced by two recent journal articles (Fargione, Hill, Tilman, Polasky, & Hawthorne, 2008; Searchinger et al., 2007). Because LUC is ‘caused ’ directly by price changes for food crops, discussion of policy implications, including especially discussion in the popular press (for example, (Garber, 2008)), has noted the rapid worldwide increase in food prices, especially grains, over the past two or three years. A good part of that discussion comprises contradictory assertions about whether the increase in US corn ethanol production is responsible for the increases, part of them, or very little. Other

Richard Rhoda; Daniel Kammen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

TRENDS '90: A compendium of data on global change  

SciTech Connect

This document is a source of frequently used global change data. This first issue includes estimates for global and national CO{sub 2} emissions from the burning of fossil fuels and from the production of cement, historical and modern records of atmospheric CO{sub 2} and methane concentrations, and several long-term temperature records. Included are tabular and graphical presentations of the data, discussions of trends in the data, and references to publications that provide further information. Data are presented in a two-page format, each dealing with a different data set. All data are available in digital form from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center.

Sepanski, R.J.; Stoss, F.W. (eds.); Boden, T.A.; Kanciruk, P.; Farrell, M.P.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Joint DoD/DOE Climate Change Fuel Cell Program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Congress agreed to provide funding to DOD for a competitive, cost- shared, near-term, Climate Change Fuel Cell program. Objectives are to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through the efficient use of fossil fuels, accelerate fuel cell commercialization for US manufacturers, and satisfy DOD goals for the environment, readiness, and economy, through activities which would stimulate end-user applications. Fuel cell power plants with combined capacity between 100 and 3,000 kW are covered.

Hooie, D.T.; Manilla, R.D.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

83

Recent Global Climate Change-Related News and Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Recent Global Climate Change-Related News and Publications Recent Global Climate Change-Related News and Publications A sampling of what CDIAC staff members have been following: Extreme summer weather in northern mid-latitudes linked to a vanishing cryosphere. Tang, Q., X. Zhang, and J.A. Francis, 2013, Nature Climate Change DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2065. Uncertainty in annual aankings from NOAA's global temperature time series. Arguez A., T.R. Karl, M.F. Squires, and R.S. Vose, 2013, Geophysical Research Letters DOI: 10.1002/2013GL057999. Climate extremes and the carbon cycle. Reichstein, M., et al.., 2013, Nature DOI: 10.1038/nature12350. Anatomy of an extreme event. Hoerling, M., et al., 2013, J. Climate DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00270.1. Australia's unique influence on global sea level in 2010-2011. Fasullo, J.T., C. Boening, F.W. Landerer, and R.S. Nerem, 2013, Geophysical

84

Pew Center on Global Climate Change | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pew Center on Global Climate Change Pew Center on Global Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Name Pew Center on Global Climate Change Place Arlington, Virginia Zip 22201 Product Established in 1998 as a non-profit, non-partisan and independent organisation aiming to provide unbiased information and solutions in the efforts to tackle climate change. Coordinates 43.337585°, -89.379449° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.337585,"lon":-89.379449,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

85

The economics of long-term global climate change  

SciTech Connect

This report is intended to provide an overview of economic issues and research relevant to possible, long-term global climate change. It is primarily a critical survey, not a statement of Administration or Department policy. This report should serve to indicate that economic analysis of global change is in its infancy few assertions about costs or benefits can be made with confidence. The state of the literature precludes any attempt to produce anything like a comprehensive benefit-cost analysis. Moreover, almost all the quantitative estimates regarding physical and economic effects in this report, as well as many of the qualitative assertions, are controversial. Section I provides background on greenhouse gas emissions and their likely climatic effects and on available policy instruments. Section II considers the costs of living with global change, assuming no substantial efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Section III considers costs of reducing these emissions, though the available literature does not contain estimates of the costs of policies that would, on the assumptions of current climate models, prevent climate change altogether. The individual sections are not entirely compartmentalized, but can be read independently if necessary.

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Frontiers in Global Change Seminar Series presents ƒ  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Role of Solar Role of Solar Absorption in Climate and Climate Change Monday, June 8, 2009 1:30 - 2:30 pm EMSL Auditorium Dr. William Collins Climate Science Department Head Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Join internationally recognized climate modeler Dr. Bill Collins as he speaks about the fundamental role of solar absorption in climate change and ways to address it in the next generation of climate models. Dr. Bill Collins is known for his groundbreaking research in interactions of clouds and aerosols with solar and terrestrial radiation and for his innovative aerosol-cloud modeling methods. He was lead author of the Global Climate Projections chapter of the 4th Assessment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which won 2007 Nobel Peace Prize.

87

Our changing planet: The FY 1994 US Global Change Research Program  

SciTech Connect

The approach of the US Global Change Research Program recognizes the profound economic and social implications of responding to global envirorunental changes and advances US leadership on this issue. The report outlines a careful blend of ground- and space-based efforts in research, data gathering, and modeling activities, as well as economic research, with both near- and long-term scientific and public policy benefits. In FY 1994, the Program will add an explicit focus on assessment, seeking to improve our understanding of the state of scientific knowledge and the implications of that knowledge for national and international policymaking activities.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Ocean Forcing to Changes in Global Monsoon Precipitation over the Recent Half-Century  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous examination of changes in global monsoon precipitation over land reveals an overall weakening over the recent half-century (1950–2000). The present study suggests that this significant change in global land monsoon precipitation is ...

Tianjun Zhou; Rucong Yu; Hongmei Li; Bin Wang

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

TRENDS 1991: A compendium of data on global change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document is a source of frequently used global-change data. This second issue of the Trends series expands the coverage of sites recording atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and methane (CH{sub 4}), and it updates records reported in the first issue. New data for other trace atmospheric gases have been included in this issue; historical data on nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}) from ice cores, modern records of atmospheric concentrations of chlorofluorocarbons (CFC-11 and CFC-12) and N{sub 2}O, and estimates of global estimates of CFC-11 and CFC-12. The estimates for global and national CO{sub 2} emissions from the burning of fossil fuels, the production of cement, and gas flaring have been revised and updated. Regional CO{sub 2} emission estimates have been added, and long-term temperature records have been updated and expanded. Data records are presented in four- to six-page formats, each dealing with a specific site, region, or emissions species. The data records include tables and graphs; discussion of methods for collecting, measuring, and reporting the data; trends in the data; and references to literature that provides further information. All data appearing in the document are available on digital media from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center.

Boden, T.A.; Sepanski, R.J.; Stoss, F.W. (eds.)

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Global Change Research: Summaries of research in FY 1993  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the activities and products of the Global Research Program in FY 1993. This publication describes all of the projects funded by the Environmental Sciences Division of DOE under annual contracts, grants, and interagency agreements in FY 1993. Each description contains the project`s title; its 3-year funding history (in thousands of dollars); the period over which the funding applies; the name(s) of the principal investigator(s); the institution(s) conducting the projects; and the project`s objectives, products, approach, and results to date (for most projects older than 1 year). Project descriptions are categorized within the report according to program areas: climate modeling, quantitative links, global carbon cycle, vegetation research, ocean research, economics of global climate change, education, information and integration, and NIGEC. Within these categories, the descriptions are grouped alphabetically by principal investigator. Each program area is preceded by a brief text that defines the program area, states its goals and objectives, lists principal research questions, and identifies program managers.

Not Available

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

An integrated approach to modelling land-use change on continental and global scales  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Land-use and land-cover change are important drivers of global environmental change, affecting the state of biodiversity, the global carbon cycle, and other aspects of the earth system. In this article we describe the development of the land-use model ... Keywords: Continental and global scale land-use change modelling, Human-environment interaction, Land-use systems, Model framework

Rüdiger Schaldach; Joseph Alcamo; Jennifer Koch; Christina Kölking; David M. Lapola; Jan Schüngel; Jörg A. Priess

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

O P I N I O N Changing the way we think about global change research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

laboratory, chlorophyll fluorescence, coral reefs, experimental ecosystem science, global change, stable that the imbalance of metabolism led to an alarming O2 deficit and the project was doomed, so far as sustainable? How does covariance of key parameters, such as the projected more rapid increase in night vs. day

93

Earth observations and global change decision making, 1989: A national partnership. Vol. 1  

SciTech Connect

Attention is given to advanced information management and global decision making, improving access to global change data through catalog interoperability, NOAA satellite data for climate and global change, and artificial intelligence and environmental data. Also contributed are solar activity versus the greenhouse effect, freshwater ecosystems and resources, the need for in situ measurements for EOS, and disseminating voluminous resource databases in an era of global change.

Ginsberg, I.W.; Angelo, J.A. Jr.; (Michigan, Environmental Research Institute, Ann Arbor; Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Changes in global monsoon precipitation over the past 56 years and Qinghua Ding1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Changes in global monsoon precipitation over the past 56 years Bin Wang1 and Qinghua Ding1 Received] Changes in the global monsoon rainfall over land were examined using four sets of rain-gauge precipitation define a global monsoon rain domain according to annual precipitation range, using simple objective

Wang, Bin

95

Ocean Forcing to Changes in Global Monsoon Precipitation over the Recent Half-Century  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ocean Forcing to Changes in Global Monsoon Precipitation over the Recent Half-Century TIANJUN ZHOU) ABSTRACT Previous examination of changes in global monsoon precipitation over land reveals an overall in global land monsoon precipitation is deducible from the atmosphere's response to the observed SST

Wang, Bin

96

Activities implemented jointly: First report to the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Accomplishments and descriptions of projects accepted under the U.S. Initiative on Joint Implementation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

More than 150 countries are now Party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC), which seeks, as its ultimate objective, to stabilize atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases at a level that would prevent dangerous human interference with the climate system. As a step toward this goal, all Parties are to take measures to mitigate climate change and to promote and cooperate in the development and diffusion of technologies and practices that control or reduce emissions and enhance sinks of greenhouse gases. In the US view, efforts between countries or entities within them to reduce net greenhouse gas emissions undertaken cooperatively--called joint implementation (JI)--holds significant potential both for combating the threat of global warming and for promoting sustainable development. To develop and operationalize the JI concept, the US launched its Initiative on Joint Implementation (USIJI) in October 1993, and designed the program to attract private sector resources and to encourage the diffusion of innovative technologies to mitigate climate change. The USIJI provides a mechanism for investments by US entities in projects to reduce greenhouse gas emissions worldwide and has developed a set of criteria for evaluating proposed projects for their potential to reduce net GHG emissions.

NONE

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Projected Changes in Mean and Extreme Precipitation in Africa under Global Warming. Part I: Southern Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates likely changes in mean and extreme precipitation over southern Africa in response to changes in radiative forcing using an ensemble of global climate models prepared for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) ...

M. E. Shongwe; G. J. van Oldenborgh; B. J. J. M. van den Hurk; B. de Boer; C. A. S. Coelho; M. K. van Aalst

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

U.S. Global Climate Change program | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

U.S. Global Climate Change program U.S. Global Climate Change program Home Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 18 January, 2013 - 15:46 U.S. Global Change Research Program publishes "National Climate Assessment" report for United States climate change drought OpenEI sea level rise temperatures U.S. Global Climate Change program The U.S. Global Change Research Program, established under the Department of Commerce in 2010, and partnered with NOAA, released an extensive National Climate Assessment report, projecting future climate changes in the United States under different scenarios. The 1,200 page report highlights some rather grim findings about the future of climate change. Here are 5 of the more disconcerting graphics from the report: 1. U.S. Average Temperatures

99

Global climate change: An east room roundtable. Held in Washington, DC, on July 24, 1997  

SciTech Connect

The report provides comments from a roundtable that discusses global climate change and its possible effects on the environment and humans.

1997-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

100

Special Section Guest Editorial: Advances in Remote Sensing for Monitoring Global Environmental Changes  

SciTech Connect

This paper focuses on advances in remote sensing for monitoring global environmental changes, and discussed10 papers selected from a number of areas of expertise.

Zhou, Yuyu; Weng, Qihao; Chang, Ni-Bin

2012-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

OpenEI Community - U.S. Global Climate Change program  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

http:en.openei.orgcommunitytaxonomyterm1770 en U.S. Global Change Research Program publishes "National Climate Assessment" report for United States http:en.openei.org...

102

The atmospheric energy constraint on global-mean precipitation change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CMIP5 models robustly predict that the rate of increase in global-mean precipitation with global-mean surface temperature increase is much less than the rate of increase of water vapor. The goal of this paper is to explain in detail the mechanisms ...

Angeline G. Pendergrass; Dennis L. Hartmann

103

Monitoring Global Climate Change: The Case of Greenhouse Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent record high temperatures and drought conditions in many regions of the United States have prompted heightened concern about whether these are early manifestations of the global green house warming projected by the major climate models. An ...

Fred B. Wood

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Changes in Interannual Variability and Decadal Potential Predictability under Global Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global warming will result in changes in mean temperature and precipitation distributions and is also expected to affect interannual and longer time-scale internally generated variability as a consequence of changes in climate processes and ...

G. J. Boer

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Inadvertent Weather Modification in Urban Areas: Lessons for Global Climate Change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large metropolitan areas in North America, home to 65% of the nation's population, have created major changes in their climates over the past 150 years. The rate and amount of the urban climate change approximate those being predicted globally ...

Stanley A. Changnon

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Climate change and agriculture : global and regional effects using an economic model of international trade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Empirical estimates of the economic welfare implications of the impact of climate change on global agricultural production are made. Agricultural yield changes resulting from climate scenarios associated with a doubling ...

Reilly, John M.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Are Changes in Global Precipitation Constrained by the Tropospheric Energy Budget?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A tropospheric energy budget argument is used to analyze twentieth-century precipitation changes. It is found that global and ocean-mean general circulation model (GCM) precipitation changes can be understood as being due to the competing direct ...

F. Hugo Lambert; Myles R. Allen

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

A Bayesian Assessment of Climate Change Using Multimodel Ensembles. Part I: Global Mean Surface Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Bayesian approach is applied to the observed global surface air temperature (SAT) changes using multimodel ensembles (MMEs) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) simulations and single-model ...

Seung-Ki Min; Andreas Hense

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

U.S. Global Change Research Program publishes "National Climate Assessment"  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

U.S. Global Change Research Program publishes "National Climate Assessment" U.S. Global Change Research Program publishes "National Climate Assessment" report for United States Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(2002) Super contributor 18 January, 2013 - 15:46 climate change drought OpenEI sea level rise temperatures U.S. Global Climate Change program The U.S. Global Change Research Program, established under the Department of Commerce in 2010, and partnered with NOAA, released an extensive National Climate Assessment report, projecting future climate changes in the United States under different scenarios. The 1,200 page report highlights some rather grim findings about the future of climate change. Here are 5 of the more disconcerting graphics from the report: 1. U.S. Average Temperatures

110

Changes in Global Refining and Its Impact on Anode Quality ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Arguably the biggest change affecting the U.S. downstream energy market is the rapid development of shale oil supply. Shale oil production, along with changes ...

111

Global Lightning Variations Caused by Changes in Thunderstorm Flash Rate and by Changes in the Number of Thunderstorms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global lightning activity is highly variable on many timescales. This variability is attributable to changes in the flash rate per thunderstorm, the number of thunderstorms, or a combination. The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission provides ...

E. Williams; K. Rothkin; D. Stevenson; D. Boccippio

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Global Economic Effects of Changes in Crops, Pasture, and Forests due to Changing Climate, Carbon Dioxide, and Ozone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multiple environmental changes will have consequences for global vegetation. To the extent that crop yields and pasture and forest productivity are affected there can be important economic consequences. We examine the ...

Reilly, John M.

113

Integrated Assessment of Global Climate Change | U.S. DOE Office of Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Integrated Assessment of Global Integrated Assessment of Global Climate Change Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Research Abstracts Searchable Archive of BER Highlights External link Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) ARM Climate Research Facility Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program Data Management Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Integrated Assessment of Global Climate Change Regional & Global Climate Modeling (RGCM) Program Subsurface Biogeochemical Research Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration External link Terrestrial Ecosystem Science Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BER Funding Opportunities Biological & Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC)

114

Defining a changing world: the discourse of globalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Globalization has, within academic, political and business circles alike, become a prominent buzzword of the past decade, conjuring a diversity of associations, connotations and attendant mythologies. The literature devoted to the issue of globalization is both vast in scope and diverse in nature, becoming increasingly prominent not only in academics and politics, but in the popular press, as well. The goal of this dissertation is to provide the reader with a map of themes, narratives, and characterizations related to globalization circulating in the United States in order to demonstrate the potential ways that individual thought on the issue is shaped by public discourse. A secondary goal is to critically examine specific texts to identify areas where their arguments overlap, conflict, or may be misconstrued due to weak or inaccurate evidence. By better understanding the map of rhetorical formations in widely-read texts regarding globalization, it may be possible for people to be better able to understand the concerns and intentions of those voicing various and often competing viewpoints.

Teubner, Gillian

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Interannual to Decadal Changes in the ECCO Global Synthesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An estimate of the time-varying global ocean circulation for the period 1992–2002 was obtained by combining most of the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) ocean datasets with a general circulation model on a 1° horizontal grid. The ...

A. Köhl; D. Stammer; B. Cornuelle

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

PNNL: Atmospheric Sciences & Global Change - Fundamental & Computational  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About Us About Us Our mission is to understand the atmospheric processes that drive regional and global earth systems, with a primary focus on climate, aerosol and cloud physics; global and regional scale modeling; integrated assessment; and complex regional meteorology and chemistry. In supporting this mission, our research addresses one of the key missions of the Department of Energy, namely to ensure that the nation's energy system is economically and environmentally sustainable. Because nearly all energy-related emissions enter the atmosphere, research on atmospheric processes and their impacts on human health and the environment-over a variety of temporal and geographic scales-is critical to understanding these consequences. Scientists in this division lead and contribute to programs within the

117

Global and Regional Solutions Directorate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at Pacific NW National Lab (PNNL) ­ Founding Director Joint Global Change Research Institute (PNNL/UMd) ­ ALD (PNNL) ­ Environmental and Health Sciences Directorate; Emerging Technologies ­ Chief Scientist ­ Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program ­ Director ­ PNNL Global Studies Program ­ Other (PNNL): Center

Homes, Christopher C.

118

The U.S. Global Change Research Program: An Overview and Perspectives on the FY 1992 Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Global Change Research Program (US/GCRP) represents an integrated, government-wide scientific effort designed to document, understand, and predict changes in the global environment as the foundation for national and international ...

Robert W. Corell

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

International conference on the role of the polar regions in global change: Proceedings. Volume 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The International Conference on the Role of the Polar Regions in Global Change took place on the campus of the University of Alaska Fairbanks on June 11--15, 1990. The goal of the conference was to define and summarize the state of knowledge on the role of the polar regions in global change, and to identify gaps in knowledge. To this purpose experts in a wide variety of relevant disciplines were invited to present papers and hold panel discussions. While there are numerous conferences on global change, this conference dealt specifically with polar regions which occupy key positions in the global system. These two volumes of conference proceedings include papers on (1) detection and monitoring of change; (2) climate variability and climate forcing; (3) ocean, sea ice, and atmosphere interactions and processes; (4) effects on biota and biological feedbacks; (5) ice sheet, glacier and permafrost responses and feedbacks; (6) paleoenvironmental studies; and, (7) aerosols and trace gases.

Weller, G.; Wilson, C.L.; Severin, B.A.B. [eds.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

A Political Ecology of “Water in Mind”: Attributing Perceptions in the Era of Global Climate Change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article explores how researchers can apply social science methods and theoretical frames to capture how place-based communities are perceiving and responding to the immediate effects of global climate change. The study focuses on research ...

Susan A. Crate

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Climate Change over the Equatorial Indo-Pacific in Global Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The response of the equatorial Indian Ocean climate to global warming is investigated using model outputs submitted to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report. In all of the analyzed climate models, the SSTs ...

Chie Ihara; Yochanan Kushnir; Mark A. Cane; Victor H. de la Peña

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Mechanisms for Tropical Tropospheric Circulation Change in Response to Global Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The annual-mean tropospheric circulation change in global warming is studied by comparing the response of an atmospheric general circulation model (GCM) to a spatial-uniform sea surface temperature (SST) increase (SUSI) with the response of a ...

Jian Ma; Shang-Ping Xie; Yu Kosaka

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Physically Based Global Downscaling: Climate Change Projections for a Full Century  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A global atmosphere–land model with an embedded subgrid orography scheme is used to simulate the period 1977–2100 using ocean surface conditions and radiative constituent concentrations for a climate change scenario. Climate variables simulated ...

Steven J. Ghan; Timothy Shippert

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

International conference on the role of the polar regions in global change: Proceedings. Volume 2  

SciTech Connect

The International Conference on the Role of the Polar Regions in Global Change took place on the campus of the University of Alaska Fairbanks on June 11--15, 1990. The goal of the conference was to define and summarize the state of knowledge on the role of the polar regions in global change, and to identify gaps in knowledge. To this purpose experts in a wide variety of relevant disciplines were invited to present papers and hold panel discussions. While there are numerous conferences on global change, this conference dealt specifically with the polar regions which occupy key positions in the global system. These two volumes of conference proceedings include papers on (1) detection and monitoring of change; (2) climate variability and climate forcing; (3) ocean, sea ice, and atmosphere interactions and processes; and (4) effects on biota and biological feedbacks; (5) ice sheet, glacier and permafrost responses and feedbacks, (6) paleoenvironmental studies; and, (7) aerosol and trace gases.

Weller, G.; Wilson, C.L.; Severin, B.A.B. [eds.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Regional Tropical Precipitation Change Mechanisms in ECHAM4/OPYC3 under Global Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mechanisms of global warming impacts on regional tropical precipitation are examined in a coupled atmosphere–ocean general circulation model (ECHAM4/OPYC3). The pattern of the regional tropical precipitation changes, once established, tends to ...

Chia Chou; J. David Neelin; Jien-Yi Tu; Cheng-Ta Chen

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

California Winter Precipitation Change under Global Warming in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 Ensemble  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Projections of possible precipitation change in California under global warming have been subject to considerable uncertainty because California lies between the region anticipated to undergo increases in precipitation at mid-to-high latitudes and ...

J. David Neelin; Baird Langenbrunner; Joyce E. Meyerson; Alex Hall; Neil Berg

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Modeling of Downward Surface Longwave Flux Density for Global Change Applications and Comparison with Pyrgeometer Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The success of satellite monitoring of global climate change depends on the ability to validate satellite inference methods against accurate “ground truth.” Under a recent World Meteorological Organization—World Climate Research Program activity ...

F. Miskolczi

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

A Possible Constraint on Regional Precipitation Intensity Changes under Global Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Changes in daily precipitation versus intensity under a global warming scenario in two regional climate simulations of the United States show a well-recognized feature of more intense precipitation. More important, by resolving the precipitation ...

W. J. Gutowski Jr.; E. S. Takle; K. A. Kozak; J. C. Patton; R. W. Arritt; J. H. Christensen

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Satellite Instrument Calibration for Measuring Global Climate Change: Report of a Workshop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measuring the small changes associated with long-term global climate change from space is a daunting task. The satellite instruments must be capable of observing atmospheric and surface temperature trends as small as 0.1°C decade?1, ozone changes ...

George Ohring; Bruce Wielicki; Roy Spencer; Bill Emery; Raju Datla

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Image Gallery of the U.S. Global Change Research Program  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

More than 700 non-copyrighted images related to global climate change are available for free download from the U.S. Global Change Research Program at globalchange.gov. The only requirement is to give a photo credit when using an image in your own publication or on your website. Thumbnails are grouped by year from 2003 to the present and are easy to scroll through, enlarge, and save to your own device.

131

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the Report Series to date are listed on the inside back cover. Ronald G. Prinn and John M. Reilly Program Co gas production and imports of liquefied natural gas (LNG). Two of the production cases are from shown in the figure. Figure 1. Projections of U.S. Gas Production and of LNG Imports. Another feature

132

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ACTIVITIES - 200 LIVING GROUPS - - 216 #12;Jerry McK- Editor-in-Ch,iel Sheila Januen Associate Editor Andy of the various ASUI committees. 19 Glen Christian Jan Fulton Mitch Kaku Chuck McDevitt Dick Straw Pat Duffy Jerry Jacobs, Gale Mix, Pat D uffy, Virgi nia Orazem, Don H ardy, Prof. Wa yne Young, Jerry McKee. STUDENT

133

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. From biofuels to wind power, the agricultural community is poised to play a major role in energy of an issue for digesters than it is for large wind projects. · The Bioenergy category includes biofuels projects targeted by the USDA's Section 9006 program ­ seeks to make use of as much of the PTC

Ford, Andrew

134

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and water resources engineering. Using numerous esoteric variables, one can calculate daily reference

135

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, upgrading, and refining processes, at a cost, but there is so little demand for petroleum products which) gasoline c) diesel d) heavy fuel oil e) petroleum coke and f) other petroleum products. The physical flows products (gasoline, diesel) with weak demand growth for others (e.g. heavy oil, petroleum coke

136

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

production costs. Some typical average costs of fuel are given in the following table for coal, petroleum [1] Petroleum [2] Natural Gas [3] All Fossil Fuels Receipts (Billion BTU) Average Cost Avg. Sulfur fuel, kerosene, petroleum coke (converted to liquid petroleum, see Technical Notes for conversion

137

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the greenhouse gas and atmospheric aerosol assumptions underlying climate analysis need to be related for the greenhouse gas and urban gas emissions. The GTAP5 dataset aggregates all the different types of petroleum for greenhouse gas (CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, and SF6) and urban gas emissions (SO2, NOx, CO, black carbon

138

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- line chicken, pigs and cattle), biofuels (ethanol and biodiesel), and to drive these products around fossil fuels are coal, conventional crude oil, and conventional natural gas. 7 China's wholesale of bioenergy, but a large part of it will be used to produce biofuels. So the ultimate sustained biofuel

139

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

years ago, unconventional gas produced from shales, coal-bed methane and similar formations made up 10. There is no dispute that natural gas is cleaner than coal or oil when burned, or that the nation would be better off if we reduced our dependence on foreign oil. But there is also no dispute that there are serious risks

140

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nuclear power growth and the future price of natural gas. A main determinant of the future of coal Japan can substitute natural gas for coal in the EPPA model (see footnote 8). With "Low gas prices", CCS and 2100 under alternative assumptions about CO2 prices, nuclear expansion and prices of natural gas

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of power generated with natural gas has to be kept the same as the coal- generated power price. This may.............................................................................................. 7 2.4.2 Influence of natural gas price-fueled companies to determine the optimum coal and gas fuel mix by considering the carbon price and the relative

142

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a Canadian supplied heavy water (CANDU) reactor that was ostensibly operated for non-military purposes

143

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the sectors represents an industry whose production is based on heavy oils, tar sands and oil shale, and which (e.g., Canadian and Australian tar sands) and the United States (e.g., Western oil shales, oil sands and oil shale are unevenly distributed among the countries that make up the EEX

144

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Code §30B Incentives provides a credit for energy efficient vehicles that fall into the following categories*: 1) Fuel Cell Vehicles 2) Advanced Lean Burn Technology Vehicles 3) Hybrid vehicles 4/industry) to 2017 and tax credits provided for vehicle incremental cost 2018 to 2025 · Case 3 ­ Tax credits provided

145

Interactive chemistry and climate models in global change studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Continually increasing atmospheric concentrations of radiatively important chemical species such as CO2, CH4, N2O, tropospheric O3, and certain halocarbons most likely will cause future climate changes, which could in turn ...

Wang, Chien.; Prinn, Ronald G.

146

Water erosion monitoring and experimentation for global change studies  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the need for monitoring the effects of climatic change on soil erosion. The importance of monitoring not only runoff, but monitoring and experimental studies at the larger scale of hillslope and catchments is stressed.

Poesen, J.W. [Laboratory for Experimental Geomorphology, Leuven (Belgium); Boardman, J. [Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom); Wilcox, B. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)] [and others

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Controls of Global Snow under a Changed Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study assesses the ability of a newly developed high-resolution coupled model from the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory to simulate the cold-season hydroclimate in the present climate and examines its response to climate change forcing. ...

Sarah B. Kapnick; Thomas L. Delworth

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

"The gate-keepers in a changing world: integrating microbial diversity and dynamics with global change biology."  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Microorganisms (Bacteria, Archaea and Fungi) are the gate-keepers of many ecosystem-scale biogeochemical cycles. Although there have been measurable changes in ecosystem function due to human activities such as greenhouse gas production, nutrient loading, land-use change, and water consumption, few studies have connected microbial community dynamics with these changes in ecosystem function. Specifically, very little is known about how global changes will induce important functional changes in microbial biodiversity. Even less is known about how microbial functional changes could alter rates of nutrient cycling or whether microbial communities have enough functional redundancy that changes will have little impact on overall process rates. The proposed symposium will provide an overview of this emerging research area, with emphasis on linking the microorganisms directly to important ecological functions under the influence of global change dynamics. The session will include both broad overviews as well as specific case-studies by researchers who examine microbial communities from a variety of taxonomic levels and from various environments. The session will begin broadly, with speakers discussing how microbial communities may inform ecosystem-scale global change studies, and help to make microbial ecological knowledge more tangible for a broad range of ecologists. The session will continue with case studies of microbial community information informing process in global change experiments. Finally, the session will close with speakers discussing how microbial community information might fit into global change models, and what types of information are useful for future studies. We have requested that speakers particularly incorporate their views on what types of microbial data is useful and informative in the context of larger ecosystem processes. We foresee that this session could serve as a focal point for global change microbial ecologists to meet and discuss their field at the ESA 2010 General Meeting. However, more importantly, the session will provide for a broad range of interests for ecosystem ecologists, theoretical ecologists, and global change biologists, and will foster communication between these groups to generate informative microbial community data in the future.

Jessica L.M. Gutknecht and Kathryn M. Docherty

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Global change and agricultural management options for groundwater sustainability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

According to the general circulation models (CGMs) for future climate projections, a temperature increase, precipitation decrease, and an increase in the variability of extreme events may be expected in the future, likely reducing available water resources. ... Keywords: Agricultural management, Climate change, Ecosystems, Groundwater, Natural recharge

Lucila Candela; F. Javier Elorza; JoaquíN JiméNez-MartíNez; Wolf Von Igel

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

U.S. Greenhouse Gas Intensity and the Global Climate Change Initiative (released in AEO2006)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

On February 14, 2002, President Bush announced the Administrations Global Climate Change Initiative [80]. A key goal of the Climate Change Initiative is to reduce U.S. GHG intensitydefined as the ratio of total U.S. GHG emissions to economic outputby 18 percent over the 2002 to 2012 time frame.

Information Center

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Computer demonstration of an interactive modeling system for the study of global change and biogeochemistry  

SciTech Connect

There is a need for visually oriented materials to aid in the study of global ecological science. Analysis of the carbon cycle is key to understanding Potential climate change. We have used satellite imagery along with global climate and soil texture data sets to simulate seasonal patterns in net carbon fixation and soil CO[sub 2] production. An interactive computer system is used to illustrate graphical results from various model scenarios of climate warming and land use change. These include global animations of monthly gridded CO[sub 2] exchange between the atmosphere and the terrestrial biosphere. This modeling demonstration highlights the importance of annual CO[sub 2] fluxes in tropical forests (40% of global totals) and the large carbon storage potential in boreal and arctic soils.

Klooster, S.A.; Potter, S. (NASA-Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA (United States)); Randerson, J. (Carnegie Institution of Washington, Stanford, CA (United States))

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Information management for global environmental change, including the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The issue of global change is international in scope. A body of international organizations oversees the worldwide coordination of research and policy initiatives. In the US the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC) was established in November of 1993 to provide coordination of science, space, and technology policies throughout the federal government. NSTC is organized into nine proposed committees. The Committee on Environmental and Natural Resources (CERN) oversees the US Department of Energy`s Global Change Research Program (USGCRP). As part of the USGCRP, the US Department of Energy`s Global Change Research Program aims to improve the understanding of Earth systems and to strengthen the scientific basis for the evaluation of policy and government action in response to potential global environmental changes. This paper examines the information and data management roles of several international and national programs, including Oak Ridge National Laboratory`s (ORNL`s) global change information programs. An emphasis will be placed on the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC), which also serves as the World Data Center-A for Atmospheric Trace Gases.

Stoss, F.W. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

ATMOSPHERIC AND OCEANIC SCIENCE LETTERS, 2013, VOL. 6, NO. 5, 306311 How Large Precipitation Changes over Global Monsoon Regions by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Changes over Global Monsoon Regions by CMIP5 Models? CHEN Huo-Po and SUN Jian-Qi Nansen-Zhu International Abstract Future changes in precipitation over global monsoon domains and their adjacent dry regions are in of global monsoon domains and dry regions is observed from the multi-model ensem- ble (MME) result

154

GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE: SOME IMPLICATIONS, OPPORTUNITIES. AND CHALLENGES FOR U.S. FORESTRY  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE: SOME IMPLICATIONS, OPPORTUNITIES. GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE: SOME IMPLICATIONS, OPPORTUNITIES. AND CHALLENGES FOR U.S. FORESTRY G. Marland' Ahsiract.--It is widcly agrccd that thc concentration of greenhouse gases in the earth's atmosphcrc is increasing, that this increase is a consequence of man's activities, and that there is signilicant risk that this will lead to changes in the earth's climate. T h c qucstion is now k i n g discusscd what, if anything, we should be doing to minimize and/or adapt to changes in climate. Virtually evcry statcmcnt on this matter; from the G.S. Oflice of Tcchnology Assessment. to the National Acadcmy of Science, to the Nairobi Declaration on Climatic Change. includes some recommendation for planting and protecting forests. In fact, forestry is intimately involved in the climate change

155

The dilemma of fossil fuel use and global climate change  

SciTech Connect

The use of fossil fuels and relationship to climate change is discussed. As the use of fossil fuels has grown, the problems of protecting the environment and human health and safety have also grown, providing a continuing challenge to technological and managerial innovation. Today that challenge is to control atmospheric emissions from combustion, particularly those emissions that cause acidic deposition, urban pollution, and increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases. Technology for reducing acidic deposition is available and needs only to be adopted, and the remedies for urban pollution are being developed and tested. How effective or expensive these will be remains to be determined. The control of emissions of the greenhouse gas, CO{sub 2}, seems possible only be reducing the total amounts of fossil fuels used worldwide, and by substituting efficient natural gas technologies for coal. Long before physical depletion forces the transition away from fossil fuels, it is at least plausible and even likely that the greenhouse effect will impose a show-stopping constraint. If such a transition were soon to be necessary, the costs would be very high because substitute energy sources are either limited or expensive or undesirable for other reasons. Furthermore, the costs would be unevenly felt and would be more oppressive for developing nations because they would be least able to pay and, on average, their use rates of fossil fuels are growing much faster than those of many industrialized countries. It is prudent, therefore, to try to manage the use of fossil fuels as if a greenhouse constraint is an important possibility.

Judkins, R.R.; Fulkerson, W. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)); Sanghvi, M.K. (Amoco Corp., Chicago, IL (USA))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Global warming and ice ages: I. prospects for physics based modulation of global change  

SciTech Connect

It has been suggested that large-scale climate changes, mostly due to atmospheric injection of greenhouse gases connected with fossil-fired energy production, should be forestalled by internationally-agreed reductions in, e.g., electricity generation. The potential economic impacts of such limitations are obviously large: greater than or equal to $10{sup 11}/year. We propose that for far smaller - less than 1% - the mean thermal effects of greenhouse gases may be obviated in any of several distinct ways, some of them novel. These suggestions are all based on scatterers that prevent a small fraction of solar radiation from reaching all or part of the Earth. We propose research directed to quite near-term realization of one or more of these inexpensive approaches to cancel the effects of the greenhouse gas injection. While the magnitude of the climatic impact of greenhouse gases is currently uncertain, the prospect of severe failure of the climate, for instance at the onset of the next Ice Age, is undeniable. The proposals in this paper may lead to quite practical methods to reduce or eliminate all climate failures.

Teller, E.; Wood, L.; Hyde, R.

1996-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

157

Weather and Joints  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Humidity and air pressure changes, which accompany changes in weather, can sometimes be felt in the human body, some people are affected more than others. Arthritis in joints...

158

A Case Study of Global Perspective Change From Selected Study Abroad Program Participation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study examined selected components of faculty-led study abroad programs and determined students’ changes in global perspectives after participating in faculty-led study abroad programs. A census of the population of interest (N=19), included undergraduate and graduate students enrolled in the Texas A&M Namibia Technological Change and Agricultural Communications and the Texas A&M Guatemala Agricultural Leadership and Service Learning study abroad programs. Participants were asked to complete a study abroad course evaluation upon return to the university during class time. The researcher-developed course evaluation included items to measure students’ perspectives of orientation sessions, course delivery methods, program type, program staff, and individual development. The Global Perspective Inventory (GPI) was administered during pre-departure class meetings using the General Student Form. Post-experience administration class sessions were used to collect participants’ global perspectives using the Study Abroad Post Test form. The GPI tests measured changes in global perspectives along three learning dimensions; cognitive, intrapersonal, and interpersonal. Descriptive statistics (mean, frequencies, and standard deviation) were used to report the data. The results showed that (1) the academic programs were intellectually stimulating; (2) student’s individual development consisted of being more receptive to different ideas; and (3) student’s improved their global perspective with regards to cognitive and intrapersonal development.

Cockerell, Lauren

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Global climate change and effects on Pacific Northwest salmonids: An exploratory case study  

SciTech Connect

Recently, a number of papers have addressed global warming and freshwater fisheries. The recent report to Congress by the US Environmental Protection Agency included an analysis of potential effects of global warming on fisheries of the Great Lakes, California, and the Southeast. In California, the report stated that salinity increases in the San Francisco Bay could enhance the abundance of marine fish species, while anadromous species could be adversely affected. This paper discusses global climate changes and the effects on Pacific Northwest Salmonids. The impacts of climate change or Spring Chinook production in the Yakima Sub-basin was simulated using a computer modeling system developed for the Northwest Power planning council. 35 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

Shankle, S.A.

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Impacts of Global Change on Diseases of Agricultural Crops and Forest Trees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Department of Plant Pathology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506-5502, USA. 5 Natural Resources on Climate Change projects rising levels of greenhouse gas and global temperature. The well-known dependence on pathogens have recently been shown in literature linking pathogen abundance to atmospheric composition. Past

Garrett, Karen A.

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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161

National Institute for Global Environmental Change, July 1, 1994-- June 30, 1995  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document contains the report from the National Institute for Global Environmental Change for the period July 1, 1994 to June 30, 1995. Separate sections for the Great Plains, Midwestern, Norhteast, South Central, Southeast and Western regions are present. Each section contains project descriptions and abstracts for projects managed by the respective regional offices.

NONE

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

162

Estimating future global per capita water availability based on changes in climate and population  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Develop- ment (LDRD) Program and the Climate Change Science Institute (CCSI) of the Oak Ridge National Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA b Civil and Environmental for each basin using the following approach: ORNL's Global LandScan 2007 product described in Section 2

Minnesota, University of

163

The Response to a Sudden Change in Indonesian Throughflow in a Global Ocean GCM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The timescale and mechanisms of remote response in a global ocean GCM is investigated in the case of a sudden change in the rate of Indonesian Throughflow. In one experiment, the model is run to equilibrium with the Indonesian passage completely ...

Anthony C. Hirst; J. S. Godfrey

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Change in regime and transfer function models of global solar radiation in Kuwait  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of the models for global solar radiation in Kuwait is based on removing the annual periodicity and seasonal variation. The first methodology used here is the change in regime technique that relies on dividing the observations into two ... Keywords: ARMA model, Harmonic analysis, Solar radiation, Transfer function

S. A. Al-Awadhi

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Global Change II Water is central to life on Earth. Energy is  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nuclear hydro-geo-solar biomass Energy Input Energy Output (100%) (100%) #12;Energy Predictions 73 SourcesGlobal Change II Energy Nasa/JPL #12;#12;Water is central to life on Earth. Energy is central to living on Earth. We are not running out of energy, we are running out of environment.1 Energy Outline

166

U.S. Greenhouse Gas Intensity and the Global Climate Change Initiative (released in AEO2005)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

On February 14, 2002, President Bush announced the Administrations Global Climate Change Initiative [91]. A key goal of the Climate Change Initiative is to reduce U.S. greenhouse gas intensity by 18 percent over the 2002 to 2012 time frame. For the purposes of the initiative, greenhouse gas intensity is defined as the ratio of total U.S. greenhouse gas emissions to economic output.

Information Center

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Local Implications of Globally Restricted Mobility: A study of Queenstown’s vulnerability to peak oil and climate change.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis employs a case study approach to investigate local implications of globally restricted mobility by examining Queenstown’s vulnerability to peak oil and climate change.… (more)

Walsh, Tim

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Issues in evaluation of ecosystem change in response to global change  

SciTech Connect

Uncertainty analysis of our integrated climate assessment model has revealed the importance of obtaining better market and non-market impacts. Improving market and non-market damage assessments has necessitated advances in the theoretical and applied dimensions of the problem. The assessment of climate change impacts on ecosystems provides a severe test for the new ideas being put forward. This paper provides a brief overview of, (i) the challenges inherent in modeling ecosystem dynamics; (ii) the problem of selecting an appropriate metric of change; and, (iii) the thorny issue of how to place a monetary value on market and non-market impacts. We focus on two central issues in estimation of impacts: (i) before climate change, are the systems being impacted (both ecological and economic) in equilibrium? and (ii) how quickly do ecological and related economic systems adapt to change? In addition, we attempt to be comprehensive in laying out the magnitude of the challenge ahead.

Dowlatabadi, H.; Shevliakova, E.; Kandlikar, M.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

169

Global situational awareness and early warning of high-consequence climate change.  

SciTech Connect

Global monitoring systems that have high spatial and temporal resolution, with long observational baselines, are needed to provide situational awareness of the Earth's climate system. Continuous monitoring is required for early warning of high-consequence climate change and to help anticipate and minimize the threat. Global climate has changed abruptly in the past and will almost certainly do so again, even in the absence of anthropogenic interference. It is possible that the Earth's climate could change dramatically and suddenly within a few years. An unexpected loss of climate stability would be equivalent to the failure of an engineered system on a grand scale, and would affect billions of people by causing agricultural, economic, and environmental collapses that would cascade throughout the world. The probability of such an abrupt change happening in the near future may be small, but it is nonzero. Because the consequences would be catastrophic, we argue that the problem should be treated with science-informed engineering conservatism, which focuses on various ways a system can fail and emphasizes inspection and early detection. Such an approach will require high-fidelity continuous global monitoring, informed by scientific modeling.

Backus, George A.; Carr, Martin J.; Boslough, Mark Bruce Elrick

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

It's Not Too Late to Change Global Warming's Course - NERSC Science News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

It's Not Too Late to It's Not Too Late to Change Global Warming's Course It's Not Too Late to Change Global Warming's Course Simulations Show That Cuts in Greenhouse Gas Emissions Would Save Arctic Ice, Reduce Sea Level Rise October 27, 2009 | Tags: Climate Research mitigation1.jpg Computer simulations show the extent that average air temperatures at Earth's surface could warm by 2080-2099 compared to 1980-1999, if (top) greenhouse gases emissions continue to climb at current rates, or if (middle) society cuts emissions by 70 percent. In the latter case, temperatures rise by less than 2°C (3.6°F) across nearly all of Earth's populated areas (the bottom panel shows warming averted). However, unchecked emissions could lead to warming of 3°C (5.4°F) or more across parts of Europe, Asia, North America, and Australia. (Image: Geophysical

171

A Report of the EMF 19 Study on Technology and Global Climate Change Policies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

REPORT ON THE EMF 19 STUDY ON REPORT ON THE EMF 19 STUDY ON TECHNOLOGY AND GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE POLICIES David J. Beecy (david.beecy@hq.doe.gov; 301-903-2786) Office of Environmental Systems Technology U.S. Department of Energy 19901 Germantown Road GTN, FE-23, E-133 Germantown, MD 20545 Andy S. Kydes (akydes@eia.doe.gov; 202-586-0883) Integrated Analysis and Forecasting, EI-80 Energy Information Administration U.S. Department of Energy 100 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 Richard G. Richels (rrichels@epri.com; 650-855-2602) Global Climate Change Program Electric Power Research Institute 3412 Hillview Avenue Palo Alto, CA 94304 John P. Weyant (weyant@stanford.edu; 650-723-3506) Department of Management Science & Engineering Terman Building: Room 406 Stanford University Stanford, CA 94305-4026

172

Modeling U.S. Energy Use Changes with Global Climate Change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using a general circulation model of Earth climate (PCM-IBIS) to drive an energy use model (DD-NEMS), we calculated the energy use changes for each year from 2003-2025 for the nine U.S. Census regions. We used five scenarios: 1) a reference with no change in temperatures from the 1970-2003 average, 2) a gradual 1 F rise in temperature by 2025, 3) a gradual 3 F rise by 2025, 4) a climate simulation with low temperature response to CO2 doubling in the atmosphere, and 5) a climate simulation with a more extreme response. The low-?T scenario had a cumulative reduction in energy of 2.1 Quads but an increase in cost of $14.8 billion. The northern states had reductions in cost over the entire period, but most other regions had increases in costs because increases in cooling costs outweighed reductions in heating and other energy uses. Higher temperature sensitivity resulted in increased warming, especially in the winter months. Because heating needs decreased, total energy requirements declined by a cumulative 4.2 Quads. However, total cost still increased $6.1 billion and carbon emissions still rose as coal-based electricity for cooling needs grew.

Hadley, Stanton W [ORNL; Erickson III, David J [ORNL; Hernandez Figueroa, Jose L [ORNL

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Joint Technical Summit on Reliability Impacts of Extreme Weather and Climate Change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides proceedings from a workshop on the effects of climate change and extreme weather on power system reliability. The workshop was held October 14-15, 2008, in Portland, Oregon, and was sponsored by Power Systems Engineering Research Center (PSERC), the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC), and the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI).

2008-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

174

Reconciling uncertainties in integrated science and policy models: Applications to global climate change  

SciTech Connect

In this thesis tools of data reconciliation are used to integrate available information into scientific and policy models of greenhouse gases. The role of uncertainties in scientific and policy models of global climate change is examined, and implications for global change policy are drawn. Methane is the second most important greenhouse gas. Global sources and sinks of methane have significant uncertainties. A chance constrained methodology was developed and used to perform inversions on the global methane cycle. Budgets of methane that are consistent with source fluxes, isotopic and ice core measurements were determined. While it is not possible to come up with a single budget for CH{sub 4}, performing the calculation with a number of sets of assumed priors suggests a convergence in the allowed range for sources. In some cases -- wetlands (70-130 Tg/yr), rice paddies (60-125 Tg/yr) a significant reduction in the uncertainty of the source estimate is achieved. Our results compare favorably with the most recent measurements of flux estimates. For comparison, a similar analysis using bayes monte carlo simulation was performed. The question of the missing sink for carbon remains unresolved. Two analyses that attempt to quantify the missing sink were performed. First, a steady state analysis of the carbon cycle was used to determine the pre-industrial inter-hemispheric carbon concentration gradient. Second, a full blown dynamic inversion of the carbon cycle was performed. An advection diffusion ocean model with surface chemistry, coupled to box models of the atmosphere and the biosphere was inverted to fit available measurements of {sup 12}C and {sup 14}C carbon isotopes using Differential-Algebraic Optimization. The model effectively suggests that the {open_quotes}missing{close_quotes} sink for carbon is hiding in the biosphere. Scenario dependent trace gas indices were calculated for CH{sub 4}, N{sub 2}O, HCFC-22.

Kandlikar, M.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

What do people know about global climate change 1. Mental models  

SciTech Connect

A set of exploratory studies and mental model interviews was conducted in order to characterize public understanding of climate change. In general, respondents regarded global warming as both bad and highly likely. Many believed that warming has already occurred. They tended to confuse stratospheric ozone depletion with the greenhouse effect and weather with climate. Automobile use, heat and emissions from industrial processes, aerosol spray cans, and pollution in general were frequently perceived as primary causes of global warming. Additionally, the [open quotes]greenhouse effect[close quotes] was often interpreted literally as the cause of a hot and steamy climate. The effects attributed to climate change often included increased skin cancer and changed agricultural yields. The mitigation and control strategies proposed by interviewees typically focused on general pollution control, with few specific links to carbon dioxide and energy use. Respondents appeared to be relatively unfamiliar with such regulatory developments as the ban on CFCs for nonessential uses. These beliefs must be considered by those designing risk communications or presenting climate-related policies to the public. 20 refs., 4 tabs.

Bostrom, A. (Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)); Morgan, M.G.; Fischhoff, B.; Read, D. (Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States))

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Global Climate Change and the Transportation Sector: An Update on Issues and Mitigation Options  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

It is clear from numerous energy/economic modeling exercises that addressing the challenges posed by global climate change will eventually require the active participation of all industrial sectors and all consumers on the planet. Yet, these and similar modeling exercises indicate that large stationary CO2 point sources (e.g., refineries and fossil-fired electric power plants) are often the first targets considered for serious CO2 emissions mitigation. Without participation of all sectors of the global economy, however, the challenges of climate change mitigation will not be met. Because of its operating characteristics, price structure, dependence on virtually one energy source (oil), enormous installed infrastructure, and limited technology alternatives, at least in the near-term, the transportation sector will likely represent a particularly difficult challenge for CO2 emissions mitigation. Our research shows that climate change induced price signals (i.e., putting a price on carbon that is emitted to the atmosphere) are in the near term insufficient to drive fundamental shifts in demand for energy services or to transform the way these services are provided in the transportation sector. We believe that a technological revolution will be necessary to accomplish the significant reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector. This paper presents an update of ongoing research into a variety of technological options that exist for decarbonizing the transportation sector and the various tradeoffs among them.

Geffen, CA; Dooley, JJ; Kim, SH

2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

177

DOE Joint Genome Institute: Sentinel of Change: Water Flea Genome to  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

February 3, 2011 February 3, 2011 Sentinel of Change: Water Flea Genome to Improve Environmental Monitoring Capabilities WALNUT CREEK, Calif.-A tiny crustacean that has been used for decades to develop and monitor environmental regulations is the first of its kind to have its genetic code sequenced and analyzed-revealing the most gene-packed animal characterized to date. The information deciphered could help researchers develop and conduct real-time monitoring systems of the effects of environmental remediation efforts. Daphnia pulex (commonly called water flea) Photo: Dr. Jan Michels, Christian-Albrechts-University, Kiel Daphnia pulex (commonly called water flea) Considered a keystone species in freshwater ecosystems, the water flea, Daphnia pulex, is roughly the size of the equal sign on a keyboard. Its 200

178

Managing the global commons decision making and conflict resolution in response to climate change  

SciTech Connect

A workshop was convened to develop a better understanding of decision-making matters concerning management of the global commons and to resolve conflicts in response to climate change. This workshop report does not provide a narrative of the proceedings. The workshop program is included, as are the abstracts of the papers that were presented. Only the introductory paper on social science research by William Riebsame and the closing summary by Richard Rockwell are reprinted here. This brief report focuses instead on the deliberations of the working groups that developed during the workshop. 4 figs., 1 tab.

Rayner, S. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)); Naegeli, W.; Lund, P. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (USA))

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Comparison of the Impact of Global Climate Changes and Urbanization on Summertime Future Climate in the Tokyo Metropolitan Area  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, the impact of global climate change and anticipated urbanization over the next 70 years is estimated with regard to the summertime local climate in the Tokyo metropolitan area (TMA), whose population is already near its peak now. ...

Sachiho A. Adachi; Fujio Kimura; Hiroyuki Kusaka; Tomoshige Inoue; Hiroaki Ueda

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY'S X-CHANGE 1997: THE GLOBAL D & D MARKETPLACE CONFERENCE, IG-0429  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy and Florida International University (FIU) cosponsored the "X-Change 1997: The Global D&D Marketplace" conference. The conference included speeches and workshops on...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Response of Tropical Cyclones to Idealized Climate Change Experiments in a Global High-Resolution Coupled General Circulation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors present an assessment of how tropical cyclone activity might change owing to the influence of increased atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations, using the U.K. High-Resolution Global Environment Model (HiGEM) with N144 resolution (~...

Ray Bell; Jane Strachan; Pier Luigi Vidale; Kevin Hodges; Malcolm Roberts

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

15.023J / 12.848J / ESD.128J Global Climate Change: Economics, Science, and Policy, Spring 2004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduces scientific, economic, and ecological issues underlying the threat of global climate change, and the institutions engaged in negotiating an international response. Develops an integrated approach to analysis of ...

Jacoby, Henry D.

183

15.023J / 12.848J / ESD.128J Global Climate Change: Economics, Science, and Policy, Spring 2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduces scientific, economic, and ecological issues underlying the threat of global climate change, and the institutions engaged in negotiating an international response. Develops an integrated approach to analysis of ...

Jacoby, Henry D.

184

Changes in Tropical Cyclone Activity due to Global Warming: Results from a High-Resolution Coupled General Circulation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the possible changes that greenhouse global warming might generate in the characteristics of tropical cyclones (TCs). The analysis has been performed using scenario climate simulations carried out with a fully coupled high-...

S. Gualdi; E. Scoccimarro; A. Navarra

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

A Global Land System Framework for Integrated Climate-Change Assessments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Land ecosystems play a major role in the global cycles of energy, water, carbon and nutrients. A Global Land System (GLS) framework has been developed for the Integrated Global Systems Model Version 2 (IGSM2) to simulate ...

Schlosser, C. Adam

186

Estimating future global per capita water availability based on changes in climate and population  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Human populations are profoundly affected by water stress, or the lack of sufficient per capita available freshwater. Water stress can result from overuse of available freshwater resources or from a reduction in the amount of available water due to decreases in rainfall and stored water supplies. Analyzing the interrelationship between human populations and water availability is complicated by the uncertainties associated with climate change projections and population projections. We present a simple methodology developed to integrate disparate climate and population data sources and develop first-order per capita water availability projections at the global scale. Simulations from the coupled land-ocean-atmosphere Community Climate System Model version 3 (CCSM3) forced with a range of hypothetical greenhouse gas emissions scenarios are used to project grid-based changes in precipitation minus evapotranspiration as proxies for changes in runoff, or fresh water supply. Population growth changes according to several Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) storylines are used as proxies for changes in fresh water demand by 2025, 2050 and 2100. These freshwater supply and demand projections are then combined to yield estimates of per capita water availability aggregated by watershed and political unit. Results suggest that important insights might be extracted from the use of the process developed here, notably including the identification of the globe s most vulnerable regions in need of more detailed analysis and the relative importance of population growth versus climate change in in altering future freshwater supplies. However, these are only exemplary insights and, as such, could be considered hypotheses that should be rigorously tested with multiple climate models, multiple observational climate datasets, and more comprehensive population change storylines.

Parish, Esther S [ORNL; Kodra, Evan [Northeastern University; Ganguly, Auroop R [Northeastern University; Steinhaeuser, Karsten [University of Minnesota

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

CO2 capture, reuse, and sequestration technologies for mitigating global climate change  

SciTech Connect

Fossil fuels currently supply over 85% of the world`s energy needs. They will remain in abundant supply well into the 21st century. They have been a major contributor to the high standard of living enjoyed by the industrialized world. We have learned how to extract energy from fossil fuels in environmentally friendly ways, controlling the emissions of NO{sub x}, S0{sub 2}, unburned hydrocarbons, and particulates. Even with these added pollution controls, the cost of fossil energy generated power keeps falling. Despite this good news about fossil energy, its future is clouded because of the environmental and economic threat posed by possible climate change, commonly referred to as the `greenhouse effect`. The major greenhouse gas is carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and the major source of anthropogenic C0{sub 2} is combustio of fossil fuels. The potential impacts of global climate change are many and varied, though there is much uncertainty as to the timing and magnitude (Watson et al., 1996). Because of the potential adverse impacts, the world community has adopted the Framework Convention on Climate Change (see Box 1). The urgency of their work was recently underscored when the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) issued their Second Assessment Report which stated that `the balance of evidence suggests a discernible human influence on global climate`. The goal of stabilization of greenhouse gas emissions at their 1990 levels in the year 2000 will not be met by the vast majority of countries. Based on this experience, it is obvious that more aggressive technology responses are required if we want to control greenhouse gas emissions.

Herzog, H.J., MIT Energy Laboratory

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Trends '91: A compendium of data on global change---highlights  

SciTech Connect

The Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been prompted to produce the series Trends, a concise inventory of data in response to heightened concern about global environmental issues, in particular climate changes induced by the greenhouse effect. This report contains extracts from Trends '91 to illustrate the content, style, and presentation of data contained in the full 700-page report. This report includes a listing of the investigators contributing data for Trends '91. In addition, it contains the abstract, foreword, and acknowledgments, as well as the introduction and a sample data record from each of the reports's five chapters. The chapters are Atmospheric CO[sub 2],'' Atmospheric CH[sub 4],'' Other Trace Gases,'' CO[sub 2] Emissions,'' and Temperature.'' Appendix A provides information about CDIAC and its activities related to global environmental issues. Appendix B lists the contents of the full report. An order form for obtaining a free copy of Trends '91 is found in Appendix C.

Boden, T.A.; Sepanski, R.J.; Stoss, F.W. (eds.)

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Trends `91: A compendium of data on global change---highlights  

SciTech Connect

The Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been prompted to produce the series Trends, a concise inventory of data in response to heightened concern about global environmental issues, in particular climate changes induced by the greenhouse effect. This report contains extracts from Trends `91 to illustrate the content, style, and presentation of data contained in the full 700-page report. This report includes a listing of the investigators contributing data for Trends `91. In addition, it contains the abstract, foreword, and acknowledgments, as well as the introduction and a sample data record from each of the reports`s five chapters. The chapters are ``Atmospheric CO{sub 2},`` ``Atmospheric CH{sub 4},`` ``Other Trace Gases,`` ``CO{sub 2} Emissions,`` and ``Temperature.`` Appendix A provides information about CDIAC and its activities related to global environmental issues. Appendix B lists the contents of the full report. An order form for obtaining a free copy of Trends `91 is found in Appendix C.

Boden, T.A.; Sepanski, R.J.; Stoss, F.W. [eds.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

The role of US agricultural and forest activities in global climate change mitigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 2005 the highest global surface temperature ever was recorded. A virtual consensus exists today among scientists that global warming is underway and that human greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are a significant cause. Possible mitigation of climate change through reduction of net GHG emissions has become a worldwide concern. Under the United Nation’s Framework convention on Climate Change, the Kyoto Protocol was formed in 1997 and required ratifying countries to co-operate in stabilizing atmospheric GHG concentrations. The protocol took effect on February 16, 2005. The mitigation cost for reducing GHG emissions for the US economy has been argued to be high particularly through the energy sector. Agriculture and Forestry (AF) can provide some low cost strategies to help with this mitigation principally through carbon sequestration but must be competitive with mitigation costs in the rest of the economy. A general equilibrium approach is used herein to evaluate the role of AF mitigation in an economy wide setting. The results show that the AF sectors have significant mitigation potential. Higher carbon prices lead to more sequestration, less emissions, reduced consumer and total welfare, improved environmental indicators and increased producer welfare. AF mitigation increases as the carbon price increase over time. In the earlier periods, while the carbon price is low, AF emissions and sink are quite small compared to the energy sector. As carbon prices increase over time, the AF sectors mitigate about 25% of the net emissions. This verifies McCarl et al's (2001) argument that the AF sectors “may be very important in a world that requires time and technological investment to develop low-cost greenhouse gas emission offsets.” AF GHG emission mitigation is sensitive to saturation of sequestration sinks. This research finds that ignoring saturation characteristics leads to a severe overestimate of mitigation potential with estimates being inflated by as much as a factor of 6.

Zhu, En

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Joint Program Report 146 http://mit.edu/globalchange/www/ MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and siting concerns about the same number of new coal-fired powerplants with CO2 capture and storage would new no- or low-carbon power plants to be built by 2050. If all of these were nuclear power plants that would be a six-fold increase from the 100 now in place. If nuclear power is constrained by safety

192

Global climate change and international security. Report on a conference held at Argonne National Laboratory, May 8--10, 1991  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On May 8--10, 1991, the Midwest Consortium of International Security Studies (MCISS) and Argonne National Laboratory cosponsored a conference on Global Climate Change and International Security. The aim was to bring together natural and social scientists to examine the economic, sociopolitical, and security implications of the climate changes predicted by the general circulation models developed by natural scientists. Five themes emerged from the papers and discussions: (1) general circulation models and predicted climate change; (2) the effects of climate change on agriculture, especially in the Third World; (3) economic implications of policies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions; (4) the sociopolitical consequences of climate change; and (5) the effect of climate change on global security.

Rice, M.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

193

Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of liquefied natural gas (LNG). Two of the production cases are from the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy EIA 2006 LNG Imports EIA 2006 LNG Imports EIA 2011 FIGURE 1 Projections of U.S. Gas Production and of LNG Imports This was the view of the U.S. Energy Information Administration as recently as its 2006

194

Global Climate Change and the Unique Challenges Posed by the Transportation Sector  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Addressing the challenges posed by global climate change will eventually require the active participation of all industrial sectors and consumers on the planet. To date, however, most efforts to address climate change have focused on only a few sectors of the economy (e.g., refineries and fossil-fired electric power plants) and a handful of large industrialized nations. While useful as a starting point, these efforts must be expanded to include other sectors of the economy and other nations. The transportation sector presents some unique challenges, with its nearly exclusive dependence on petroleum based products as a fuel source coupled with internal combustion engines as the prime mover. Reducing carbon emissions from transportation systems is unlikely to be solely accomplished by traditional climate mitigation policies that place a price on carbon. Our research shows that price signals alone are unlikely to fundamentally alter the demand for energy services or to transform the way energy services are provided in the transportation sector. We believe that a technological revolution will be necessary to accomplish the significant reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector.

Dooley, J.J.; Geffen, C.A.; Edmonds, J.A.

2002-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

195

Alternative Approaches to Analyzing Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Global Climate Change in CEQA Documents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global climate change (GCC) is a change in the average weather of the earth that can be measured by wind patterns, storms, precipitation, and temperature. This paper is not a scientific analysis of the existence or potential causes of GCC. Further, this paper does not address National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) requirements. Instead, the intent of this paper is to provide practical, interim information to California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) practitioners to help Lead Agencies determine how to address GCC in CEQA documents prior to the development and adoption of guidance by appropriate government agencies. A typical individual project does not generate enough greenhouse gas emissions to influence GCC significantly on its own; the issue of GCC is by definition a cumulative environmental impact. Therefore, if the Lead Agency chooses to address GCC effects in a CEQA document, it should be discussed in the context of a cumulative impact. A complicating factor, however, is that there are currently no published CEQA thresholds or approved methods for determining whether a project’s potential contribution to a cumulative GCC impact is considerable. This paper provides a summary of background information on GCC, the current regulatory environment surrounding greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and the various approaches that a Lead

Tony Held, Ph.D.; Terry Rivasplata; Tim Rimpo; Kenneth M. Bogdan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

A Summary Description of the Second Workshop on the Role of Macroalgal Oceanic Farming in Global Change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Without corrective action, atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) will rise from the present 350 parts per million (ppm) to perhaps 500 ppm by the year 2050 which may result in major global climate changes. This document presents a summary of the second workshop on the Role of Macroalgal Oceanic Farming in Processes of Global Change which was held July 23 and 24, 1990 in Newport Beach, California. A need for a second workshop was identified in the first workshop which was held in Washington on December 6 and 7...

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Expanding the Role of "Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry" Projects and the Carbon Market in Addressing Global Climate Change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While the Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) sector is highly significant in any consideration of global climate change, the fact remains that the scale of LULUCF market activity currently is very small, particularly compared with its overall potential for carbon sequestration and importance as both a source and sink of carbon emissions. The underlying problem seems to be finding a workable policy framework. A flexible market-based policy at both international and domestic levels will score ...

2005-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

198

Modeling the response of the California Current system to global greenhouse warming. Final report to the National Institute for Global Environmental Change (August 1993)  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report for the project ``Modeling the Response of the California Current System to Global Greenhouse Warming,`` supported 1990 and 1991 by NIGEC. The scientists involved are Dr. Richard C.J. Somerville and Alejandro Paries-Sierra of Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UCSD. A copy of papers submitted to the Journal of Physical Oceanography, and Geofisica Internacional that were supported in part or whole by WEST-GEC, as well as a summary of a talk delivered at the XX General Assembly of the IUGG, Vienna (1991) are appended to this report. The objective of the research was to improve the understanding of the response of the California Current system to the large-scale anomalous forcing thought to be associated with greenhouse warming. The authors viewed this as a necessary initial step in the study of the California climate response to global change.

Pares-Sierra, A.; Somerville, R.C.J.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

199

Tropical Cyclones and Global Climate Change: A Post-IPCC Assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The very limited instrumental record makes extensive analyses of the natural variability of global tropical cyclone activities difficult in most of the tropical cyclone basins. However, in the two regions where reasonably reliable records exist (the North Atlantic and the western North Pacific), substantial multidecadal variability (particularly for intense Atlantic hurricanes) is found, but there is no clear evidence of long-term trends. Efforts have been initiated to use geological and geomorphological records and analysis of oxygen isotope ratios in rainfall recorded in cave stalactites to establish a paleoclimate of tropical cyclones, but these have not yet produced definitive results. Recent thermodynamical estimation of the maximum potential intensities (MPI) of tropical cyclones shows good agreement with observations. Although there are some uncertainties in these MPI approaches, such as their sensitivity to variations in parameters and failure to include some potentially important interactions such as ocean spray feedbacks, the response of upperoceanic thermal structure, and eye and eyewall dynamics, they do appear to be an objective tool with which to predict present and future maxima of tropical cyclone intensity. Recent studies indicate the MPI of cyclones will remain the same or undergo a modest increase of up to 10%--20%. These predicted changes are small compared with the observed natural variations and fall within the uncertainty range in current studies. Furthermore, the known omissions (ocean spray, momentum restriction, and possibly also surface to 300-hPa lapse rate changes) could all operate to mitigate the predicted intensification. A strong caveat must be placed on analysis of results from current GCM simulations of the "tropical-cyc...

Henderson-Sellers Zhang Berz; A. Henderson-sellers; H. Zhang; G. Berz; K. Emanuel; W. Gray; G. Holl; J. Lighthill; S-l. Shieh; P. Webster; K. Mcguffie

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Joint popping  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Joint popping Name: danb Status: NA Age: NA Location: NA Country: NA Date: Around 1993 Question: Why do your joints pop? For example, when I am walking my ankle always makes a...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Response of tropical cyclones to idealized climate change experiments in a global high resolution coupled general circulation model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an assessment of how tropical cyclone activity might change due to the influence of increased atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations, using the UK’s High Resolution Global Environment Model (HiGEM) with N144 resolution (~90 km in the ...

Ray Bell; Jane Strachan; Pier Luigi Vidale; Kevin Hodges; Malcolm Roberts

202

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory interests and capabilities for research on the ecological effects of global climatic and atmospheric change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has interests and capabilities in all three types of research that must be conducted in order to understand and predict effects of global atmospheric and climatic (i.e., environmental) changes on ecological systems and their functions (ecosystem function is perhaps most conveniently defined as mass and energy exchange and storage). These three types of research are: (1) manipulative experiments with plants and ecosystems; (2) monitoring of present ecosystem, landscape, and global exchanges and pools of energy, elements, and compounds that play important roles in ecosystem function or the physical climate system, and (3) mechanistic (i.e., hierarchic and explanatory) modeling of plant and ecosystem responses to global environmental change. Specific experimental programs, monitoring plans, and modeling activities related to evaluation of ecological effects of global environmental change that are of interest to, and that can be carried out by LLNL scientists are outlined. Several projects have the distinction of integrating modeling with empirical studies resulting in an Integrated Product (a model or set of models) that DOE or any federal policy maker could use to assess ecological effects. The authors note that any scheme for evaluating ecological effects of atmospheric and climatic change should take into account exceptional or sensitive species, in particular, rare, threatened, or endangered species.

Amthor, J.S.; Houpis, J.L.; Kercher, J.R.; Ledebuhr, A.; Miller, N.L.; Penner, J.E.; Robison, W.L.; Taylor, K.E.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Multicentury Changes to the Global Climate and Carbon Cycle: Results from a Coupled Climate and Carbon Cycle Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A coupled climate and carbon (CO2) cycle model is used to investigate the global climate and carbon cycle changes out to the year 2300 that would occur if CO2 emissions from all the currently estimated fossil fuel resources were released to the ...

G. Bala; K. Caldeira; A. Mirin; M. Wickett; C. Delire

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Preparing for climate change: major changes in global climate are virtually certain by the mid-21st century; researchers are beginning to explore ways we can adapt  

SciTech Connect

Major changes in the global climate are virtually certain by the mid-21st century due to the carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. Researchers are beginning to explore ways we can adopt. Scientist have long known that human activities, particularly the burning of fossil fuels, are artificially increasing the volume of greenhouse gases in the earth's atmosphere. This increase will eventually make the planet the hottest it has been in history. What remains controversial about the greenhouse effect is the rate of this global warming, its regional distribution, and most of all, what to do about the problem.

Tangley, L.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Estimates of the long-term U.S. economic impacts of global climate change-induced drought.  

SciTech Connect

While climate-change models have done a reasonable job of forecasting changes in global climate conditions over the past decades, recent data indicate that actual climate change may be much more severe. To better understand some of the potential economic impacts of these severe climate changes, Sandia economists estimated the impacts to the U.S. economy of climate change-induced impacts to U.S. precipitation over the 2010 to 2050 time period. The economists developed an impact methodology that converts changes in precipitation and water availability to changes in economic activity, and conducted simulations of economic impacts using a large-scale macroeconomic model of the U.S. economy.

Ehlen, Mark Andrew; Loose, Verne W.; Warren, Drake E.; Vargas, Vanessa N.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Global Energy Technology Strategy: Addressing Climate Change Phase 2 Findings from an international Public-Private Sponsored Research Program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This book examines the role of global energy technology in addressing climate change. The book considers the nature of the climate change challenge and the role of energy in the issue. It goes on to consider the implications for the evolution of the global energy system and the potential value of technology availability, development and deployment. Six technology systems are identified for special consideration: CO2 capture and storage, Biotechnology, Hydrogen systems, Nuclear energy, Wind and solar energy, and End-use energy technologies. In addition, consideration is given to the role of non-CO2 gases in climate change as well as the potential of technology development and deployment to reduce non-CO2 emissions. Present trends in energy R&D are examined and potentially fruitful avenues for research. The book concludes with a set of key findings.

Edmonds, James A.; Wise, Marshall A.; Dooley, James J.; Kim, Son H.; Smith, Steven J.; Runci, Paul J.; Clarke, Leon E.; Malone, Elizabeth L.; Stokes, Gerald M.

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Integration of Space and In Situ Observations to Study Global Climate Change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The currently available model-based global data sets of atmospheric circulation are a by-product of the daily requirement of producing initial conditions for numerical weather prediction (NWP) models. These data sets have been quite useful for ...

L. Bengtsson; J. Shukla

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Global Variations in Oceanic Evaporation (1958–2005): The Role of the Changing Wind Speed  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global estimates of oceanic evaporation (Evp) from 1958 to 2005 have been recently developed by the Objectively Analyzed Air–Sea Fluxes (OAFlux) project at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI). The nearly 50-yr time series shows that ...

Lisan Yu

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Impact of Climate Change on the Future Chemical Composition of the Global Troposphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A global chemical transport model of the atmosphere [the Model for Ozone and Related Tracers, version 2 (MOZART-2)] driven by prescribed surface emissions and by meteorological fields provided by the ECHAM5/Max Planck Institute Ocean Model (MPI-...

Guy P. Brasseur; Martin Schultz; Claire Granier; Marielle Saunois; Thomas Diehl; Michael Botzet; Erich Roeckner; Stacy Walters

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

The impact of climate, CO2, nitrogen deposition and land use change on simulated contemporary global river flow  

SciTech Connect

We investigated how climate, rising atmospheric CO2 concentration, increasing anthropogenic nitrogen deposition and land use change influenced continental river flow over the period 1948-2004 using the Community Land Model version 4 (CLM4) with coupled river transfer model (RTM), a global river routing scheme. The model results indicate that the global mean river flow shows significant decreasing trend and climate forcing likely functions as the dominant controller of the downward trend during the study period. Nitrogen deposition and land use change account for about 5% and 2.5% of the decrease in simulated global scale river flow, respectively, while atmospheric CO2 accounts for an upward trend. However, the relative role of each driving factor is heterogeneous across regions in our simulations. The trend in river flow for the Amazon River basin is primarily explained by CO2, while land use change accounts for 27.4% of the downward trend in river flow for the Yangtze rive basin. Our simulations suggest that to better understand the trends of river flow, it is not only necessary to take into account the climate, but also to consider atmospheric composition, carbon-nitrogen interaction and land use change, particularly for regional scales.

Shi, Xiaoying [ORNL; Mao, Jiafu [ORNL; Thornton, Peter E [ORNL; Hoffman, Forrest M [ORNL; Post, Wilfred M [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

International impacts of global climate change: Testimony to House Appropriations Subcommittee on Foreign Operations, Export Financing and Related Programs  

SciTech Connect

International impacts of global climate change are those for which the important consequences arise because of national sovereignty. Such impacts could be of two types: (1) migrations across national borders of people, of resources (such as agricultural productivity, or surface water, or natural ecosystems), of effluents, or of patterns of commerce; and (2) changes to the way nations use and manage their resources, particularly fossil fuels and forests, as a consequence of international concern over the global climate. Actions by a few resource-dominant nations may affect the fate of all. These two types of international impacts raise complex equity issues because one nation may perceive itself as gaining at the expense of its neighbors, or it may perceive itself as a victim of the actions of others. 11 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

Fulkerson, W.; Cushman, R.M.; Marland, G.; Rayner, S.

1989-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

212

Ceramic joints  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Butt joints between materials having different coefficients of thermal expansion are prepared having a reduced probability of failure of stress facture. This is accomplished by narrowing/tapering the material having the lower coefficient of thermal expansion in a direction away from the joint interface and not joining the narrow-tapered surface to the material having the higher coefficient of thermal expansion.

Miller, Bradley J. (Worcester, MA); Patten, Jr., Donald O. (Sterling, MA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Climate Impacts of Land-Cover and Land-Use Changes in Tropical Islands under Conditions of Global Climate Change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Land-cover and land-use (LCLU) changes have significant climate impacts in tropical coastal regions with the added complexity of occurring within the context of a warming climate. The individual and combined effects of these two factors in ...

Daniel E. Comarazamy; Jorge E. González; Jeffrey C. Luvall; Douglas L. Rickman; Robert D. Bornstein

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Projected Changes in Mean and Extreme Precipitation in Africa under Global Warming. Part II: East Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Probable changes in mean and extreme precipitation in East Africa are estimated from general circulation models (GCMs) prepared for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fourth Assessment Report (AR4). Bayesian statistics are used to ...

Mxolisi E. Shongwe; Geert Jan van Oldenborgh; Bart van den Hurk; Maarten van Aalst

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Consistency in Global Climate Change Model Predictions of Regional Precipitation Trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Projections of human-induced climate change impacts arising from the emission of atmospheric chemical constituents such as carbon dioxide typically utilize multiple integrations (or ensembles) of numerous numerical climate change models to arrive ...

Bruce T. Anderson; Catherine Reifen; Ralf Toumi

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Joint Statement by Energy Ministers of G8, The People's Republic of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Joint Statement by Energy Ministers of G8, The People's Republic Joint Statement by Energy Ministers of G8, The People's Republic of China, India and The Republic of Korea (June 2008) Joint Statement by Energy Ministers of G8, The People's Republic of China, India and The Republic of Korea (June 2008) Energy Ministers of the G8, The People's Republic of China, India and The Republic of Korea met in Aomori, Japan on 8 June 2008 in order to discuss the globally significant issues related to addressing energy security and climate change. Joint Statement by Energy Ministers of G8, The People's Republic of China, India and The Republic of Korea (June 2008) More Documents & Publications Joint Statement by Energy Ministers of G8, The People's Republic of China, India and The Republic of Korea (Energy Efficiency) IEA Response System for Oil Supply Emergencies 2012

217

Moisture Flux Convergence in Regional and Global Climate Models: Implications for Droughts in the Southwestern United States Under Climate Change  

SciTech Connect

The water cycle of the southwestern United States (SW) is dominated by winter storms that maintain a positive annual net precipitation. Analysis of the control and future climate from four pairs of regional and global climate models (RCMs and GCMs) shows that the RCMs simulate a higher fraction of transient eddy moisture fluxes because the hydrodynamic instabilities associated with flow over complex terrain are better resolved. Under global warming, this enables the RCMs to capture the response of transient eddies to increased atmospheric stability that allows more moisture to converge on the windward side of the mountains by blocking. As a result, RCMs simulate enhanced transient eddy moisture convergence in the SW compared to GCMs, although both robustly simulate drying due to enhanced moisture divergence by the divergent mean flow in a warmer climate. This enhanced convergence leads to reduced susceptibility to hydrological change in the RCMs compared to GCMs.

Gao, Yanhong; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Salathe, E.; Dominguez, Francina; Nijssen, Bart; Lettenmaier, D. P.

2012-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

218

Role of aerosols in radiative forcing of climate change: Global mean and uncertainties  

SciTech Connect

Anthropogenically induced climate change is of great current interest because of increases in atmospheric loading of infrared active (greenhouse) gases over the past 150 years and the inferred resultant increase in infrared radiation flux in the troposphere. However, the climate change ascribed to such increases, not to mention predictions of future climate change in response to prospective changes in the earth`s radiation budget, is based virtually entirely on climate model simulations of how the earth`s climate would respond to changes in radiation rather than on empirically established relationships between changes in the earth`s radiation budget and climate change. There is thus an urgent need to evaluate the performance of climate models to ascertain the accuracy with which they represent the changes in temperature and other indicia of climate that have been observed over the industrial period. Such an evaluation, however, requires an accurate assessment of the totality of changes in the earth`s radiation budget in both the longwave (thermal infrared) and shortwave (solar) spectral regions, not just of changes in the longwave due to increased concentrations of long-lived greenhouse gases.

Schwartz, S.E.

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Changes in Water Vapor Transport and the Production of Precipitation in the Eastern Fertile Crescent as a Result of Global Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates changes in the types of storm events occurring in the Fertile Crescent as a result of global warming. Regional climate model [fifth-generation Pennsylvania State University–National Center for Atmospheric Research ...

J. P. Evans

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Crop water stress under climate change uncertainty : global policy and regional risk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fourty percent of all crops grown in the world today are grown using irrigation, and shifting precipitation patterns due to climate change are viewed as a major threat to food security. This thesis examines, in the framework ...

Gueneau, Arthur

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Future Changes in Biogenic Isoprene Emissions: How Might They Affect Regional and Global Atmospheric Chemistry?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Isoprene is emitted from vegetation to the atmosphere in significant quantities, and it plays an important role in the reactions that control tropospheric oxidant concentrations. As future climatic and land-cover changes occur, the spatial and ...

Christine Wiedinmyer; Xuexi Tie; Alex Guenther; Ron Neilson; Claire Granier

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Seasonal Changes in Solar Radiation and Relative Humidity in Europe in Response to Global Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Future seasonal changes in surface incident solar radiation and relative humidity (RH) over Europe and adjacent ocean areas were assessed based on phase 3 of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP3) model ensemble. Under the A1B scenario, ...

Kimmo Ruosteenoja; Petri Räisänen

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Detectability of Changes in the Walker Circulation in Response to Global Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Changes in the gradients in sea level pressure (SLP) and sea surface temperature (SST) along the equatorial Pacific are analyzed in observations and 101 numerical experiments performed with 37 climate models participating in the fifth phase of the ...

Pedro N. DiNezio; Gabriel A. Vecchi; Amy C. Clement

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Reanalyses-Based Tropospheric Temperature Estimates: Uncertainties in the Context of Global Climate Change Detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Uncertainties in estimates of tropospheric mean temperature were investigated in the context of climate change detection through comparisons of the National Centers for Environmental Prediction–National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCEP–NCAR) ...

Muthuvel Chelliah; C. F. Ropelewski

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Global climate change: Some implications, opportunities, and challenges for US forestry  

SciTech Connect

It is widely agreed that the concentration of greenhouse gases in the earth's atmosphere is increasing, that this increase is a consequence of man's activities, and that there is significant risk that this will lead to changes in the earth's climate. The question is now being discussed what, if anything, we should be doing to minimize and/or adapt to changes in climate. Virtually every statement on this matter; from the US Office of Technology Assessment, to the National Academy of Science, to the Nairobi Declaration on Climatic Change, includes some recommendation for planting and protecting forests. In fact, forestry is intimately involved in the climate change debate for several reasons: changing climate patterns will affect existing forests, tropical deforestation is one of the major sources of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, reforestation projects could remove additional carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and there is renewed interest in wood-based or other renewable fuels to replace fossil fuels. Part of the enthusiasm for forestry-related strategies in a greenhouse context is the perception that forests not only provide greenhouse benefits but also serve other desirable social objectives. This discussion will explore the current range of thinking in this area and try to stimulate additional thinking on the rationality of the forestry-based approaches and the challenges posed for US forestry.

Marland, G.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Estimating future global per capita water availability based on changes in climate and population  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Human populations are profoundly affected by water stress, or the lack of sufficient per capita available freshwater. Water stress can result from overuse of available freshwater resources or from a reduction in the amount of available water due to decreases ... Keywords: Climate change impacts, Population growth, Resource scarcity, Water availability

Esther S. Parish; Evan Kodra; Karsten Steinhaeuser; Auroop R. Ganguly

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Numerical evaluation of mechanisms driving Early Jurassic changes in global carbon cycling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Early Jurassic (early Toarcian, ca. 183 Ma) carbon cycle perturbation is characterized by aabout -5 parts per thousand {delta} {sup 13}C excursion in the exogenic carbon reservoirs, a 1000 ppm rise in atmospheric CO{sub 2}, and a 6-7 degrees warming. Two proposed explanations for this presumed global carbon cycle perturbation are the liberation of massive amounts of isotopically light CH4 from (1) Gondwanan coals by heating during the intrusive eruption of the Karoo-Ferrar large igneous province (LIP) or (2) the thermal dissociation of gas hydrates. Carbon cycle modeling indicates that the release of CH4 from Gondwanan coals synchronous with the eruption of the Karoo-Ferrar LIP fails to reproduce the magnitude or timing of the CO{sub 2} and {delta} {sup 13}C excursions. However, sensitivity analyses constrained by a marine cyclostratigraphically dated {delta}{sup 13}C record indicate that both features of geologic record can be explained with the huge input of about 15,340-24,750 Gt C over about 220 k.y., a result possibly pointing to the involvement of hydrothermal vent complexes in the Karoo Basin. The simulated release of > 6000 Gt C from gas hydrates also reproduces aspects of the early Toarcian rock record, but the large mass involved raises fundamental questions about its formation, storage, and release.

Beerling, D.J.; Brentnall, S.J. [University of Sheffield, Sheffield (United Kingdom)

2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

228

Empirical support for global integrated assessment modeling: Productivity trends and technological change in developing countries' agriculture and electric power sectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Integrated assessment (IA) modeling of climate policy is increasingly global in nature, with models incorporating regional disaggregation. The existing empirical basis for IA modeling, however, largely arises from research on industrialized economies. Given the growing importance of developing countries in determining long-term global energy and carbon emissions trends, filling this gap with improved statistical information on developing countries' energy and carbon-emissions characteristics is an important priority for enhancing IA modeling. Earlier research at LBNL on this topic has focused on assembling and analyzing statistical data on productivity trends and technological change in the energy-intensive manufacturing sectors of five developing countries, India, Brazil, Mexico, Indonesia, and South Korea. The proposed work will extend this analysis to the agriculture and electric power sectors in India, South Korea, and two other developing countries. They will also examine the impact of alternative model specifications on estimates of productivity growth and technological change for each of the three sectors, and estimate the contribution of various capital inputs--imported vs. indigenous, rigid vs. malleable-- in contributing to productivity growth and technological change. The project has already produced a data resource on the manufacturing sector which is being shared with IA modelers. This will be extended to the agriculture and electric power sectors, which would also be made accessible to IA modeling groups seeking to enhance the empirical descriptions of developing country characteristics. The project will entail basic statistical and econometric analysis of productivity and energy trends in these developing country sectors, with parameter estimates also made available to modeling groups. The parameter estimates will be developed using alternative model specifications that could be directly utilized by the existing IAMs for the manufacturing, agriculture, and electric power sectors.

Sathaye, Jayant A.

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Frequency Response Adequacy and Assessment: Global Industry Practices and Potential Impact of Changing Generation Mix  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electric power industry, the North American Reliability Corporation (NERC) and the US Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) have expressed concerns about frequency response of the North American power system, which has declined over the past few decades.  The industry is concerned about having adequate primary frequency control (governing), automatic generation control (AGC), operating reserve and ramping resources to meet frequency response needs, in light of the changing generation ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

230

Frequency Response Adequacy and Assessment: Global Industry Practices and Potential Impact of Changing Generation Mix  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electric power industry, the North American Reliability Corporation (NERC), and the US Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) have expressed concerns about frequency response of the North American power system, which has supposedly declined over the past few decades. In light of the changing generation mix due to increasing penetration of variable generation and planned retirement of fossil-fired generation, the industry is concerned about having adequate primary frequency control ...

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

231

Genomic Regulation of the Response of an Agroecosystem to Elements of Global Change  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document outlines some of the major accomplishments from this project: (1) New tools for analyzing and visualizing microarray data from soybean gene expression experiments; (2) Physiological, biochemical, and gene array evidence that acclimation of carbon metabolism to elevated CO{sub 2} is governed in significant part by changes in gene expression associated with respiratory metabolism; (3) Increased carbon assimilation in soybeans grown at elevated CO{sub 2} altered pools of carbohydrates and transcripts that control growth and expansion of young leaves; (4) Growth at elevated CO{sub 2} increases the abundance of transcripts controlling cell wall polysaccharide synthesis but not transcripts controlling lignin synthesis; (5) The total antioxidant capacity of soybeans varies among cultivars and in response to atmospheric change; (6) Accelerated leaf senescence at elevated O{sub 3} coincides with reduced abundance of transcripts controlling protein synthesis; (7) Growth under elevated CO{sub 2} increases the susceptibility of soybean to insect herbivores by increasing insect lifespan and fecundity through altered leaf chemistry and by defeating molecular induction of plant defenses; (8) Exposure to elevated CO{sub 2} and O{sub 3} alters flavonoid metabolism in soybean; (9) Exposure to elevated CO{sub 2} or O{sub 3} conferred resistance to soybean mosaic virus by cross inducing defense- and stress-related signaling pathways; and (10) Exposure to elevated CO{sub 2} accelerates decomposition by changing chemical and biotic properties of the soil.

DeLucia, Evan, H.

2011-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

232

National Institute for Global Environmental Change. Final Technical Report 1990-2007  

SciTech Connect

Research conducted by the six NIGEC Regional Centers during recent years is reported. An overview of the NIGEC program from its beginnings provides a description and evaluation of the program's vision, strategy and major accomplishments. The program's purpose was to support academic research on environmental change in regions of the country that had historically received relatively little federal funding. The overall vision of NIGEC may be stated as the performance of academic research on the regional interactions between ecosystems and climate. NIGEC's research presents important evidence on the impacts of climate variability and change, and in some cases adaptability, for a broad range of both managed and unmanaged ecosystems, and has thereby documented significant regional issues on the environmental responses to climate change. NIGEC's research has demonstrated large regional differences in the atmospheric carbon exchange budgets of croplands and forests, that there are significant variations of this exchange on diurnal, synoptic, seasonal and interannual time scales due to atmospheric variability (including temperature, precipitation and cloudiness), and that management practices and past history have predominant effects in grasslands and croplands. It is the mid-latitude forests, however, that have received more attention in NIGEC than any other specific ecosystem, and NIGEC's initiation of and participation in the AmeriFlux program, network of carbon flux measurement sites in North American old-growth forests, is generally considered to be its most significant single accomplishment. By including appendices with complete listings of NIGEC publications, principal investigators and participating institutions, this report may also serve as a useful comprehensive documentation of NIGEC.

Athanasios Toulopoulos

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Weather and Joints  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Weather and Joints Weather and Joints Name: Brittany Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Why do people feel the weather changin in their joints? Is it just a superstition? Replies: People feel weather changes in their bodies because storm systems are accompanied by lower air pressure. When a storm system is approaching the barometric pressure or air pressure will drop. Inside the body is air pressure also. The pressure inside the body is approximately 15 lbs per square inch. Normal air pressure on the outside is approximately the same. When both numbers are equal most people don't feel anything. However, when the low pressure system approaches or the air pressure drops, the pressure on the inside of the body is greater than outside and that air on the inside tries to get out because air flows from high pressure to low pressure. This causes swelling and discomfort in some people's joints, especially in the elderly or people who have suffered injuries to those areas (those areas are weakened somewhat due to the injury and less resistant to the changes in pressure).

234

3-D finite element simulation of the global tectonic changes accompanying Noah’s Flood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a mechanism for the large-scale tectonic change that accompanied Noah’s Flood. It assumes that the onset of the Flood only a few thousand years ago correlates with the notable stratigraphical and paleontological discontinuity of the Precambrian-Cambrian boundary. This implies that the geological history recorded in the rocks usually classified as Paleozoic and Mesozoic unfolded in a catastrophic manner within a few months time. It also suggests that the primary energy source for the catastrophe was the gravitational potential energy of the pre-Flood ocean lithosphere relative to the base of the mantle. The geological and geophysical data suggest that subduction of the pre-Flood ocean lithosphere began around the margin of a pre-Flood supercontinent. It is proposed that the mantle’s viscosity at that time was lower than at present to permit rapid sinking of the lithosphere into the mantle and that the sinking rate was enhanced by a thermal runaway effect associated with a temperature-dependent rheology and localized shear heating near the slabs. Rapid replacement of the cold, dense pre-Flood oceanic lithosphere with hot, less dense mantle material from below resulted in significant elevation of the ocean floors relative to the continental surfaces causing a temporary rise in the world sea level by as much as 1,500 m. Huge volumes of sea water were converted to pressurized

John R. Baumgardner

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

U.S.-Japan Joint Statement  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Release August 7, 2003 2003817 STATEMENT BY PHILIP T. REEKER, DEPUTY SPOKESMAN Joint Statement of The United States and Japan on High-Level Consultations on Climate Change...

236

Global Change Biology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 flow was measured by an electronic flow sensor and throttled by a Kurz rotary ramp metering valve (Model 735, Kurz Instruments, Monterey, CA) that pro- vided a very even, linear...

237

PURDUE UNIVERSITY LEADERSHIP IN ENERGY RESEARCH Recognizing the grand-challenge problems of global energy demands with evidence of climate change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PURDUE UNIVERSITY LEADERSHIP IN ENERGY RESEARCH Recognizing the grand-challenge problems of global energy demands with evidence of climate change and broader environmental impacts, Purdue is building of energy including fossil fuels, nuclear, solar, wind and bioenergy. The activities incorporate socio

238

Integrated Global System Modeling Framework | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Integrated Global System Modeling Framework Integrated Global System Modeling Framework Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP green logo.png FIND MORE DIA TOOLS This tool is part of the Development Impacts Assessment (DIA) Toolkit from the LEDS Global Partnership. Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Integrated Global System Modeling Framework Agency/Company /Organization: MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change Sector: Climate, Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Phase: Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options Topics: - Macroeconomic Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Complexity/Ease of Use: Not Available Website: globalchange.mit.edu/research/IGSM Cost: Free Related Tools Transport Co-benefits Calculator General Equilibrium Modeling Package (GEMPACK)

239

WIPP - Joint Information Center  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Joint Information Center is located at 4021 National Parks Highway in Carlsbad, N.M. Joint Information Center In the unlikely event of an emergency, the WIPP Joint Information...

240

Malibu Joint Venture | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Malibu Joint Venture Malibu Joint Venture Jump to: navigation, search Name Malibu Joint Venture Place Germany Sector Solar Product String representation "German utility ... e of next year." is too long. References Malibu Joint Venture[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Malibu Joint Venture is a company located in Germany . References ↑ "Malibu Joint Venture" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Malibu_Joint_Venture&oldid=348612" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Object-Oriented Energy, Climate, and Technology Systems (ObjECTS) Global  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Object-Oriented Energy, Climate, and Technology Systems (ObjECTS) Global Object-Oriented Energy, Climate, and Technology Systems (ObjECTS) Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM) Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP green logo.png FIND MORE DIA TOOLS This tool is part of the Development Impacts Assessment (DIA) Toolkit from the LEDS Global Partnership. Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Object-Oriented Energy, Climate, and Technology Systems (ObjECTS) Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM) Agency/Company /Organization: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, University of Maryland, Joint Global Change Research Institute Sector: Climate, Energy, Land Focus Area: Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Forestry, Hydrogen, Transportation Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application

242

Fact Sheet: United States-Japan Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

United States-Japan Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan United States-Japan Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan The United States-Japan Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan is intended to provide a framework for bilateral collaboration in nuclear energy. This Action Plan builds upon our significant, longstanding civilian nuclear cooperation, and will contribute to increasing energy security and managing nuclear waste, addressing nuclear nonproliferation and climate change, advancing goals put forth in President Bush's Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) initiative. The Action Plan was signed by representatives of both nations in April 2007. The Action Plan will be implemented by Steering Committee Co-Chairs. Assistant Secretary of Energy Dennis Spurgeon, or his designee, will serve as the U.S. Co-Chair. Japanese Co-Chairs will be selected

243

An open letter to the 2008 presidential candidates: get the facts right on what's responsible for global climate change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The two remaining presidential candidates have adopted policies for reducing anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions that address factors that are mistakenly held responsible as the primary cause of global warming. Here's what they need to keep in mind in order to craft genuinely efficacious policies. (author)

Linden, Henry R.

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

244

Name: dhr. prof. dr. B.J.M. de Vries Global Change and Energy (endowed chair of Rijksinstituut voor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

development, energy for sustainable development, energy and material efficiency improvement, renewable energy. The film documented a VROM-financed project on renewable and efficiency prospects for the Northern(2009)1006-1019 B. de Vries, M. Hoogwijk and D. van Vuuren (2007). Renewable energy sources: Their global potential

Utrecht, Universiteit

245

Projected Impact of Climate Change on the Energy Budget of the Arctic Ocean by a Global Climate Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The annual energy budget of the Arctic Ocean is characterized by a net heat loss at the air–sea interface that is balanced by oceanic heat transport into the Arctic. Two 150-yr simulations (1950–2099) of a global climate model are used to examine ...

James R. Miller; Gary L. Russell

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Probabilistic Change of Wheat Productivity and Water Use in China for Global Mean Temperature Changes of 1°, 2°, and 3°C  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Impacts of climate change on agriculture are a major concern worldwide, but uncertainties of climate models and emission scenarios may hamper efforts to adapt to climate change. In this paper, a probabilistic approach is used to estimate the ...

Yujie Liu; Fulu Tao

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Senior International Energy Officials Issue Joint Statement in Support of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Senior International Energy Officials Issue Joint Statement in Senior International Energy Officials Issue Joint Statement in Support of the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Senior International Energy Officials Issue Joint Statement in Support of the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership May 21, 2007 - 12:55pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today announced that the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and senior energy officials from some of the world's leading economies issued a joint statement in support of the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) and nuclear energy cooperation. The People's Republic of China, France, Japan, Russia and the United States issued the Joint Statement, which addresses the prospects for international cooperation in peaceful uses of nuclear energy, including

248

FTT:Power : A global model of the power sector with induced technological change and natural resource depletion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The decarbonisation of the global power system depends first and foremost on the rate at which highly emitting technologies based on fossil fuels can be substituted for cleaner ones. While fossil fueled electricity generation technologies are mature and well... determine the 90% confidence level, and the blue curve corresponds to the most probable set of values. Uncertainty in the determination of natural resource avail- ability is notable in the case of fossil fuel reserves and re- sources. Rogner (1997) paints a...

Mercure, Jean-Francois

2011-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

249

Joint Announcement | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Joint Announcement Joint Announcement Joint Announcement More Documents & Publications Comparing the Impacts of the 2005 and 2008 Hurricanes on U.S. Energy Infrastructure -...

250

PNNL: About PNNL - Joint Appointments  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Yong Wang WSUPNNL Joint Appointee Yong Wang Named Fellow of American Chemical Society. Read the Full Article Joint Appointments The Joint Appointment Program is one means of...

251

Large displacement spherical joint  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A new class of spherical joints has a very large accessible full cone angle, a property which is beneficial for a wide range of applications. Despite the large cone angles, these joints move freely without singularities.

Bieg, Lothar F. (Albuquerque, NM); Benavides, Gilbert L. (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Penetration of hydrogen-based energy system and its potential for causing global environmental change: Scoping risk analysis based on life cycle thinking  

SciTech Connect

A hydrogen-based economy seems superficially to be environmentally friendly, and many people have worked toward its realization. Today hydrogen is mainly produced by decarbonizing fossil fuels (e.g. natural gas), and in the future decarbonization of both fossil fuels and biomass will play a leading role in the production of hydrogen. The main purpose of this paper is to suggest the identification of potential environmental risks in terms of 'life cycle thinking' (which considers all aspects from production to utilization) with regard to the hydrogen-based economy to come. Hydrogen production by decarbonization results in CO{sub 2} emissions. The final destination of the recovered CO{sub 2} is uncertain. Furthermore, there is a possibility that hydrogen molecules will escape to the atmosphere, posing risks that could occasion global environmental changes such as depletion of stratospheric ozone, temperature change in the stratosphere and change of the hydrides cycle through global vaporization. Based on the results of simulation, requirements regarding the following items are proposed to minimize potential risks: hydrogen source, production and storage loss.

Kikuchi, Ryunosuke [Department of Basic Science and Environment (CERNAS), ESAC, Polytechnic Institute of Coimbra, Bencanta, 3040-316 Coimbra (Portugal)]. E-mail: kikuchi@mail.esac.pt

2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

253

An integrated modelling framework for simulating regional-scale actor responses to global change in the water domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Within coupled hydrological simulation systems, taking socio-economic processes into account is still a challenging task. In particular, systems that aim at evaluating impacts of climatic change on large spatial and temporal scales cannot be based on ... Keywords: Actors, Climate change, Coupled simulation, Domestic water use, Framework technology, Integrated water resources management, Regional scale model, Social simulation, Water supply

R. Barthel; S. Janisch; N. Schwarz; A. Trifkovic; D. Nickel; C. Schulz; W. Mauser

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Future Change of North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Tracks: Projection by a 20-km-Mesh Global Atmospheric Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Possible future change in tropical cyclone (TC) activity over the North Atlantic (NA) was investigated by comparison of 25-yr simulations of the present-day climate and future change under the A1B emission scenario using a 20-km-mesh ...

Hiroyuki Murakami; Bin Wang

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Future Change of Western North Pacific Typhoons: Projections by a 20-km-Mesh Global Atmospheric Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Projected future changes in tropical cyclone (TC) activity over the western North Pacific (WNP) under the Special Report on Emissions Scenarios (SRES) A1B emission scenario were investigated using a 20-km-mesh, very-high-resolution Meteorological ...

Hiroyuki Murakami; Bin Wang; Akio Kitoh

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Empirical support for global integrated assessment modeling: Productivity trends and technological change in developing countries' agriculture and electric power sectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Council on Energy and Environment, for Mexico, the NationalMexico, Brazil, and Indonesia), examining long-run trends in productivity, technological change, energy andenergy-intensive manufacturing sectors of five developing countries, India, Brazil, Mexico,

Sathaye, Jayant A.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Review article: Modelling effects of geoengineering options in response to climate change and global warming: Implications for coral reefs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Climate change will have serious effects on the planet and on its ecosystems. Currently, mitigation efforts are proving ineffectual in reducing anthropogenic CO"2 emissions. Coral reefs are the most sensitive ecosystems on the planet to climate change, ... Keywords: Aerosols, Afforestation, Albedo, Biochar, Bleaching, CCS, Carbon capture and storage, Caribbean, Coral growth, Downwelling, Ecosystems, El niño, Great Barrier Reef, IPCC, Interdecadal, SST, Satellite, Scleractinian, Small islands, Symbiosis, Tropics, Weather

M. J. C. Crabbe

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Carbon Balance and Management BioMed Central Commentary The Anthropocene, global change and sleeping giants: where on Earth are we going?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The "climate problem " has come to the fore in public policy debates over the last year or so. The continuing high temperatures, the spate of intense tropical cyclones and deepening droughts in some parts of the world have focused attention on the issue of defining "dangerous climate change " [1]. This is often conceptualised as an upper limit to the rise in global mean temperature, for example, 2°C above pre-industrial levels, which in turn leads to a back calculation of the permissible concentration of CO 2 in the atmosphere and then to the trajectories of the corresponding maximum anthropogenic carbon emissions. Although a very important exercise, this approach to defining dangerous climate change can itself be dangerous, in particular because it often ignores the systemic

Will Steffen; Will Steffen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Megacities Globalisation Global change Latin America DIE ERDE 140 2009 (4) Special Issue "Megacities" pp. 1-20  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. If you count cities of more than five million inhabitants, then the "developing" and "emerging" countries of megacities in these countries is expected to have risen to 40, i.e. to have nearly doubled, with more than environmental change. Pollution of water, air and soil is particu- larly high in mega-urban agglomerations

Borsdorf, Axel

260

Biological Sciences for the 21st Century: Meeting the Challenges of Sustainable Development in an Era of Global Change  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The symposium was held 10-12 May, 2007 at the Capitol Hilton Hotel in Washington, D. C. The 30 talks explored how some of today's key biological research developments (such as biocomplexity and complex systems analysis, bioinformatics and computational biology, the expansion of molecular and genomics research, and the emergence of other comprehensive or system wide analyses, such as proteomics) contribute to sustainability science. The symposium therefore emphasized the challenges facing agriculture, human health, sustainable energy, and the maintenance of ecosystems and their services, so as to provide a focus and a suite of examples of the enormous potential contributions arising from these new developments in the biological sciences. This symposium was the first to provide a venue for exploring how the ongoing advances in the biological sciences together with new approaches for improving knowledge integration and institutional science capacity address key global challenges to sustainability. The speakers presented new research findings, and identified new approaches and needs in biological research that can be expected to have substantial impacts on sustainability science.

Joel Cracraft; Richard O'Grady

2007-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Biological Sciences for the 21st Century: Meeting the Challenges of Sustainable Development in an Era of Global Change  

SciTech Connect

The symposium was held 10-12 May, 2007 at the Capitol Hilton Hotel in Washington, D. C. The 30 talks explored how some of today's key biological research developments (such as biocomplexity and complex systems analysis, bioinformatics and computational biology, the expansion of molecular and genomics research, and the emergence of other comprehensive or system wide analyses, such as proteomics) contribute to sustainability science. The symposium therefore emphasized the challenges facing agriculture, human health, sustainable energy, and the maintenance of ecosystems and their services, so as to provide a focus and a suite of examples of the enormous potential contributions arising from these new developments in the biological sciences. This symposium was the first to provide a venue for exploring how the ongoing advances in the biological sciences together with new approaches for improving knowledge integration and institutional science capacity address key global challenges to sustainability. The speakers presented new research findings, and identified new approaches and needs in biological research that can be expected to have substantial impacts on sustainability science.

Joel Cracraft; Richard O' Grady

2007-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

262

Metadata compiled and distributed by the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center for global climate change and greenhouse gas-related data bases  

SciTech Connect

The Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) compiles and provides information to help international researchers, policymakers, and educators evaluate complex environmental issues associated with elevated levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and other trace gases, including potential climate change. CDIAC is located within the Environmental Sciences Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee and is line funded by the U. S. Department of Energy`s (DOE) Global Change Research Program (GCRP). CDIAC is an information analysis center (IAC). In operation since 1982, CDIAC identifies sources of primary data at national and international levels; obtains, archives, evaluates and distributes data and computer models; fully documents select data sets and computer models and offers them as numeric data packages (NDPs) and computer model packages (CMPs); distributes data and computer models on a variety of magnetic and electronic medias including 9-track magnetic tapes; IBM-formatted floppy diskettes; CD-ROM; and over Internet, Omnet, and Bitnet electronic networks; develops derived, often multidisciplinary data products useful for carbon cycle and climate-change research; distributes reports pertinent to greenhouse effect and climate change issues; produces the newsletter, CDIAC Communications; and in general acts as the information focus for the GCRPs research projects. Since its inception, CDIAC has responded to thousands of requests for information, and since 1985 has distributed more than 70,000 reports, NDPs and CMPs to 97 countries worldwide.

Boden, T.A.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

263

Neutron Capture Rates near A=130 which Effect a Global Change to the r-Process Abundance Distribution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate the impact of neutron capture rates near the A=130 peak on the r-process abundance pattern. We show that these capture rates can alter the abundances of individual nuclear species, not only in the region of A=130 peak but also throughout the abundance pattern. We discuss in general the nonequilibrium processes that produce these abundance changes and determine which capture rates have the most significant impact.

Surman, Rebecca [Union College; Beun, Joshua [North Carolina State University; Mclaughlin, Gail C [North Carolina State University; Hix, William Raphael [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Neutron Capture Rates near A=130 which Effect a Global Change to the r-Process Abundance Distribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the impact of neutron capture rates near the A=130 peak on the $r$-process abundance pattern. We show that these capture rates can alter the abundances of individual nuclear species, not only in the region of A=130 peak, but also throughout the abundance pattern. We discuss the nonequilibrium processes that produce these abundance changes and determine which capture rates have the most significant impact.

R. Surman; J. Beun; G. C. McLaughlin; W. R. Hix

2008-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

265

Statement on global climate change before the Subcommittee on Energy and Power, United States House of Representatives  

SciTech Connect

Greenhouse gases are gases which are effectively transparent to incoming sunlight but absorb infrared radiation escaping to space and thereby warm the surface of the Earth. Human activities result in the release of greenhouse and related gases in such quantities that they are changing the composition of the atmosphere. Greenhouse and related gases which human activities release include carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), methane (CH{sub 4}) carbon monoxide (CO), nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O), nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}), chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and sulphur dioxide (SO{sub 2}). The emission and effects of these gases are detailed in this report.

Edmonds, J.A.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Response of the Toxic Dinoflagellate Karenia brevis to Current and Projected Environmental Conditions: Salinity and Global Climate Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Harmful algal blooms (HABs) are increasing in frequency and duration worldwide. Karenia brevis, the major toxic dinoflagellate in the Gulf of Mexico, produces potent neurotoxins, known as brevetoxins. For K. brevis, only minor concentrations of brevetoxins are needed to induce toxicity and environmental conditions appear to have the most direct impact on the cellular content of these toxins. A better understanding of K. brevis biology is essential to understand the mechanisms underlying toxin production and the ecology of such HABs, as well as to better anticipate and respond to such blooms. Here we present findings on the effect of salinity and availability of carbon on cellular physiology and brevetoxin and brevenal production by K. brevis. When grown at salinities of 35 and 27, but otherwise identical conditions, total brevetoxin cellular concentration varied between 0 to 18.5 pg cell-1 and brevenal varied between 0 and 1 pg cell-1. In response to hypoosmotic stress brevetoxin production was triggered, as a result, brevetoxin production increased up to 53%, while growth rates remained unchanged. A significant hypoosmotic event of >11%, was needed to trigger the response in brevetoxin production. To determine if K. brevis was sensing changes in specific ions within seawater (K+, Cl- or Ca2+), we systematically removed one ion while keeping the remaining ions at equivalent molar concentration for salinity of 35. Dilution in seawater K+ concentrations triggered the production of brevetoxins, increasing production ?44%. Ecosystem changes due to climate change have increased the production of toxins in other HAB species; here we examined the impact on K. brevis. We have shown that modification of pCO2 level and temperature did not influence brevetoxin production; however, predicted climate change scenarios (increased temperature and pCO2) did significantly increase the growth rate of K. brevis, by 60% at 25°C and 55% at 30°C. We suggest that K. brevis blooms could benefit from predicted increase in pCO2 over the next 100 years. Overall, our findings close a critical gap in knowledge regarding the function of brevetoxin in K. brevis by identifying a connection between brevetoxin production and osmoacclimation.

Errera, Reagan Michelle

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

DOE Joint Genome Institute: New Genomic Model Defines Microbes by  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September 8, 2009 September 8, 2009 New Genomic Model Defines Microbes by Diet-Provides Tool for Tracking Environmental Change WALNUT CREEK, CA-In line with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) interest in characterizing the biotic factors involved in global carbon cycling, the DOE Joint Genome Institute (JGI) characterizes a diverse array of plants, microorganisms, and the communities in which they reside to inform options for reducing and stabilizing atmospheric greenhouse gases. Through a novel genomic approach detailed in the September 7 online edition and on the cover September 14 of the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, an international team of scientists led by the University of New South Wales and the DOE JGI demonstrates how the microbial diversity of the oceans can be analyzed without necessarily

268

Changes in Global Function and Regional Ventilation and Perfusion on SPECT During the Course of Radiotherapy in Patients With Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: This study aimed to (1) examine changes in dyspnea, global pulmonary function test (PFT) results, and functional activity on ventilation (V)/perfusion (Q) single-photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) scans during the course of radiation (RT), and (2) factors associated with the changes in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods and Materials: Fifty-six stage I to III NSCLC patients treated with definitive RT with or without chemotherapy were enrolled prospectively. Dyspnea was graded according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0 prior to and weekly during RT. V/Q SPECT-computed tomography (CT) and PFTs were performed prior to and during RT at approximately 45 Gy. Functions of V and Q activities were assessed using a semiquantitative scoring of SPECT images. Results: Breathing improved significantly at the third week (mean dyspnea grade, 0.8 vs. 0.6; paired t-test p = 0.011) and worsened during the later course of RT (p > 0.05). Global PFT results did not change significantly, while regional lung function on V/Q SPECT improved significantly after {approx}45 Gy. The V defect score (DS) was 4.9 pre-RT versus 4.3 during RT (p = 0.01); Q DS was 4.3 pre-RT versus 4.0 during RT (p < 0.01). Improvements in V and Q functions were seen primarily in the ipsilateral lung (V DS, 1.9 pre-RT versus 1.4 during RT, p < 0.01; Q DS, 1.7 pre-RT versus 1.5 during RT, p < 0.01). Baseline primary tumor volume was significantly correlated with pre-RT V/Q DS (p < 0.01). Patients with central lung tumors had greater interval changes in V and Q than those with more peripheral tumors (p <0.05 for both V and Q DS). Conclusions: Regional ventilation and perfusion improved during RT at 45 Gy. This suggests that adaptive planning based on V/Q SPECT during RT may allow sparing of functionally recoverable lung tissue.

Yuan Shuanghu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Shaexamndong Cancer Hospital and Institute, Jinan (China); Frey, Kirk A.; Gross, Milton D. [Department of Radiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Hayman, James A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Arenberg, Doug [Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Cai Xuwei [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Ramnath, Nithya; Hassan, Khaled [Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Moran, Jean; Eisbruch, Avraham; Ten Haken, Randall K. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Kong Fengming, E-mail: fengkong@med.umich.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Radiation Oncology, Veterans' Affairs Health Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

269

Articular human joint modelling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The work reported in this paper encapsulates the theories and algorithms developed to drive the core analysis modules of the software which has been developed to model a musculoskeletal structure of anatomic joints. Due to local bone surface and contact ... Keywords: 6DOF, Joint Modelling, Software, Tissue wrapping, bilateral, constraints, forced contact based articulation, unilateral

Ibrahim i. Esat; Neviman Ozada

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Global Security  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Security Global Security LANL's mission is to develop and apply science and technology to ensure the safety, security, and effectiveness of the U.S. nuclear deterrent;...

271

Office of Inspector General audit report on ``The U.S. Department of Energy`s X-Change 1997: The global D and D marketplace conference``  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy and Florida International University (FIU), a state university, cosponsored the X-Change 1997: The Global D and D Marketplace conference (X-Change Conference) that was held December 1--5, 1997, in Miami, Florida. The purpose of the conference was to disseminate information on decontamination and decommissioning problems, solutions, and technologies to an international audience of government, industry, and academia. Through a contract with the Department, FIU was responsible for conference planning, organization, and logistical support. FIU awarded a subcontract to ICF, Inc. to work on the conference. ICF, Inc. is a major Department contractor with responsibilities for projects at Hanford, Argonne National laboratory and Los Alamos National Laboratory. The audit objectives were to determine whether FIU had controls in place to ensure that public funds were used appropriately, and whether fiscal practices associated with the conference were consistent with Government requirements and Department policy. FIU implemented accounting and budget mechanisms to identify and control the sources and uses of funds. However, the absence of a Departmental policy on funding conferences resulted in questionable fiscal practices associated with the conference. These are discussed.

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

JOINT ELECTRICAL & COMPUTER ENGINEERING AND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

JOINT ELECTRICAL & COMPUTER ENGINEERING AND PHYSICS COLLOQUIUM "Speckle Statistics, Coherence confirmation of the increase in the well- defined polarization state of the output radiation. In the joint

273

Joint Institutes | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Joint Institutes SHARE Joint Institutes ORNL, in partnership with the Science Alliance of the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, has a number of cooperative ventures in science...

274

High pressure ceramic joint  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Many recuperators have components which react to corrosive gases and are used in applications where the donor fluid includes highly corrosive gases. These recuperators have suffered reduced life, increased service or maintenance, and resulted in increased cost. The present joint when used with recuperators increases the use of ceramic components which do not react to highly corrosive gases. Thus, the present joint used with the present recuperator increases the life, reduces the service and maintenance, and reduces the increased cost associated with corrosive action of components used to manufacture recuperators. The present joint is comprised of a first ceramic member, a second ceramic member, a mechanical locking device having a groove defined in one of the first ceramic member and the second ceramic member. The joint and the mechanical locking device is further comprised of a refractory material disposed in the groove and contacting the first ceramic member and the second ceramic member. The present joint mechanically provides a high strength load bearing joint having good thermal cycling characteristics, good resistance to a corrosive environment and good steady state strength at elevated temperatures.

Ward, Michael E. (Poway, CA); Harkins, Bruce D. (San Diego, CA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

High pressure ceramic joint  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Many recuperators have components which react to corrosive gases and are used in applications where the donor fluid includes highly corrosive gases. These recuperators have suffered reduced life, increased service or maintenance, and resulted in increased cost. The present joint when used with recuperators increases the use of ceramic components which do not react to highly corrosive gases. Thus, the present joint used with the present recuperator increases the life, reduces the service and maintenance, and reduces the increased cost associated with corrosive action of components used to manufacture recuperators. The present joint is comprised of a first ceramic member, a second ceramic member, a mechanical locking device having a groove defined in one of the first ceramic member and the second ceramic member. The joint and the mechanical locking device is further comprised of a refractory material disposed in the groove and contacting the first ceramic member and the second ceramic member. The present joint mechanically provides a high strength load bearing joint having good thermal cycling characteristics, good resistance to a corrosive environment and good steady state strength at elevated temperatures. 4 figures.

Ward, M.E.; Harkins, B.D.

1993-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

276

Global Climate Change Seminar subtitle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Year 81% Fossil Energy 29,259 mmt CO 2 42,589 mmt CO 2 * Primarily traditional biomass, wood, and waste. Source: IEA. Energy Technology Perspectives 2010. 3 And yet, at present,...

277

The Trade and Climate Change Joint Agenda  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.............................................................................................. 22 Annex 2. Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations

278

2 Global Gas Turbine News August 2008 There is an old saying that the only constant in life is change. Our  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 Global Gas Turbine News August 2008 There is an old saying that the only constant in life to improve gas turbines over the last 50 years, it has also played an active role in fostering a global our community. One area of discussion has been the role of turbomachinery outside of the gas turbine

Daraio, Chiara

279

Joint Theory Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Program General Info Program General Info Registration Info Directions to Argonne Dynamics of Symmetry Breaking A Workshop sponsored by the ANL/UChicago Joint Theory Institute April 13-17, 2009 Argonne National Laboratory, IL The Joint Theory Institute (JTI) is a multi-disciplinary research institution jointly supported at the University of Chicago and Argonne National Laboratory to enhance collaborative research between both institutions in the broad area of theory. This year JTI sponsors a workshop the aim of which is to explore the dynamics of symmetry breaking in a broad range of systems from nuclear physics to string theory, using theoretical insights such as Dyson-Schwinger equations formalism, gauge/gravity duality and lattice QCD. We will focus on systems which exhibit dynamical symmetry breaking and will cover topics essential for understanding nonperturbative QCD and physics of quark-gluon plasma.

280

Priorities in global climate change research. Hearings before the Subcommittee on Science of the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, US House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session, October 8, 10, 1991  

SciTech Connect

A hearing on the greenhouse effect brought testimony from various government and environmental officials. The panelists reviewed the major sources of uncertainty in the scientific evidence for global warming and in the models used to forecast climate change. They highlighted the most critical research areas and issues that ought to be addressed in order to improve the scientific basis for assessing the effects of global warming. In addition, the dependability was reviewed of economic models available to assess different options for mitigation and for adaptation to greenhouse warming projections.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Comments of the Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies Comments of the Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies The Media and Technology Institute and the Climate Change Initiative at the Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies ("Joint Center")1 respectfully submit these comments in response to the United States Department of Energy's ("DoE") Request for Information regarding its implementation of the Smart Grid provisions of Federal Communications Commission's ("FCC") National Broadband Plan. Comments of the Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies More Documents & Publications Re: NBP RFI: Data Access Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Empowering Consumers and the Smart Grid: Data Access, Third Party Use, and Privacy- Request for

282

A Global Approach to Assess the Potential Impact of Climate Change on Stream Water Temperatures and Related In-Stream First-Order Decay Rates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Stream water temperature is an important factor used in water quality modeling. To estimate monthly stream temperature on a global scale, a simple nonlinear regression model was developed. It was applied to stream temperatures recorded over a 36-...

Manuel Punzet; Frank Voß; Anja Voß; Ellen Kynast; Ilona Bärlund

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

JIBS | Joint Institute for Biological Sciences | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Joint Institute for Biological Sciences SHARE Joint Institute for Biological Sciences The Joint Institute of ORNL and the University of Tennessee has a single mission: to enable...

284

Rolling contact orthopaedic joint design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Arthroplasty, the practice of rebuilding diseased biological joints using engineering materials, is often used to treat severe arthritis of the knee and hip. Prosthetic joints have been created in a "biomimetic" manner to ...

Slocum, Alexander Henry, Jr

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

DOE-Sponsored Beaufort Sea Expedition Studies Methane's Role in Global  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE-Sponsored Beaufort Sea Expedition Studies Methane's Role in DOE-Sponsored Beaufort Sea Expedition Studies Methane's Role in Global Climate Cycle DOE-Sponsored Beaufort Sea Expedition Studies Methane's Role in Global Climate Cycle October 29, 2009 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, D.C. -- Increased understanding of methane's role in the global climate cycle and the potential of methane hydrate as a future energy resource could result from a recent joint research expedition off the coast of northeastern Alaska involving the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). Link to the project web siteThe Beaufort Sea expedition, which included research partners from the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory and Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, gathered a wealth of data to help understand "fluxes," or changes in the concentration of methane within and

286

DOE-Sponsored Beaufort Sea Expedition Studies Methane's Role in Global  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Beaufort Sea Expedition Studies Methane's Role in Beaufort Sea Expedition Studies Methane's Role in Global Climate Cycle DOE-Sponsored Beaufort Sea Expedition Studies Methane's Role in Global Climate Cycle October 29, 2009 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, D.C. -- Increased understanding of methane's role in the global climate cycle and the potential of methane hydrate as a future energy resource could result from a recent joint research expedition off the coast of northeastern Alaska involving the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). Link to the project web siteThe Beaufort Sea expedition, which included research partners from the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory and Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, gathered a wealth of data to help understand "fluxes," or changes in the concentration of methane within and

287

Double slotted socket spherical joint  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A new class of spherical joints is disclosed. These spherical joints are capable of extremely large angular displacements (full cone angles in excess of 270.degree.), while exhibiting no singularities or dead spots in their range of motion. These joints can improve or simplify a wide range of mechanical devices.

Bieg, Lothar F. (Albuquerque, NM); Benavides, Gilbert L. (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

288

Joint Institute for High Temperatures  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Joint Institute for High Temperatures of Russian Academy of Sciences Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology Extended title Extended title Excited state of warm dense matter or Exotic state of warm dense matter or Novel form of warm dense matter or New form of plasma Three sources of generation similarity: solid state density, two temperatures: electron temperature about tens eV, cold ions keep original crystallographic positions, but electron band structure and phonon dispersion are changed, transient but steady (quasi-stationary for a short time) state of non-equilibrium, uniform plasmas (no reference to non-ideality, both strongly and weakly coupled plasmas can be formed) spectral line spectra are emitted by ion cores embedded in plasma environment which influences the spectra strongly,

289

United States -Japan Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

-Japan Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan -Japan Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan 1. Introduction 1.1 Background and Objective President Bush of the U n i t e d States and Prime Minister Koizumi of Japan have both stated their strong support for the contribution of nuclear power to energy security and the global environment. Japan w a s the first nation to endorse President Bush's Global Nuclear Energy Partnership. During the June 29,2006 meeting between President Bush and Prime Minister Koizumi, "We discussed research and development that will help speed up fnt breeder reactors and new types of reprocessing so that we cmt help deal with the cost of globalization when it comes to energy; make ourselves more secure, economicallyI a s well n make us less dependent on hycirocmbons ..... " (I)

290

Defining and Estimating Global Mean Temperature Anomalies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Methods used to quantify temperature changes of the earth must he assessed relative to an appropriate definition of global mean temperature. In this paper, global mean temperature is defined and the adequacy of using weighted average anomalies to ...

Richard F. Gunst; Sabyasachi Basu; Robert Brunell

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Joint Statement on the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership and...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and other senior officials representing the respective governmental agencies of China, France, Japan, Russia, and the United States met in Washington, D.C., on May 21, 2007...

292

Jet Joint Undertaking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent experience with the use of tritium fuel in the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor and the Joint European Torus, together with progress in developing the technical design of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor has expanded the technical knowledge base for tritium issues in fusion. This paper reports on an IEA workshop that brought together scientists and engineers to share experience and expertise on all fusion related tritium issues. Extensive discussion periods were devoted to exploring outstanding issues and identifying potential R&D avenues to address them. This paper summarizes the presentations, discussions and recommendations.

C H Skinner; C Gentile; J Hosea; D Mueller; P Coad; Abingdon Ox Ea; G Federici; Garching Germany; R Haange

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Joint with application in electrochemical devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A joint for use in electrochemical devices, such as solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), oxygen separators, and hydrogen separators, that will maintain a hermetic seal at operating temperatures of greater than 600.degree. C., despite repeated thermal cycling excess of 600.degree. C. in a hostile operating environment where one side of the joint is continuously exposed to an oxidizing atmosphere and the other side is continuously exposed to a wet reducing gas. The joint is formed of a metal part, a ceramic part, and a flexible gasket. The flexible gasket is metal, but is thinner and more flexible than the metal part. As the joint is heated and cooled, the flexible gasket is configured to flex in response to changes in the relative size of the metal part and the ceramic part brought about by differences in the coefficient of thermal expansion of the metal part and the ceramic part, such that substantially all of the tension created by the differences in the expansion and contraction of the ceramic and metal parts is absorbed and dissipated by flexing the flexible gasket.

Weil, K Scott [Richland, WA; Hardy, John S [Richland, WA

2010-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

294

Metal to ceramic sealed joint  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A metal to ceramic sealed joint which can withstand wide variations in temperature and maintain a good seal is provided for use in a device adapted to withstand thermal cycling from about 20 to about 1000 degrees C. The sealed joint includes a metal member, a ceramic member having an end portion, and an active metal braze forming a joint to seal the metal member to the ceramic member. The joint is positioned remote from the end portion of the ceramic member to avoid stresses at the ends or edges of the ceramic member. The sealed joint is particularly suited for use to form sealed metal to ceramic joints in a thermoelectric generator such as a sodium heat engine where a solid ceramic electrolyte is joined to metal parts in the system.

Lasecki, John V. (Livonia, MI); Novak, Robert F. (Farmington Hills, MI); McBride, James R. (Ypsilanti, MI)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Metal to ceramic sealed joint  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A metal to ceramic sealed joint which can withstand wide variations in temperature and maintain a good seal is provided for use in a device adapted to withstand thermal cycling from about 20 to about 1000 degrees C. The sealed joint includes a metal member, a ceramic member having an end portion, and an active metal braze forming a joint to seal the metal member to the ceramic member. The joint is positioned remote from the end portion of the ceramic member to avoid stresses at the ends or edges of the ceramic member. The sealed joint is particularly suited for use to form sealed metal to ceramic joints in a thermoelectric generator such as a sodium heat engine where a solid ceramic electrolyte is joined to metal parts in the system. 11 figures.

Lasecki, J.V.; Novak, R.F.; McBride, J.R.

1991-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

296

Jointly Sponsored Research Program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-98FT40321 funded through the Office of Fossil Energy and administered at the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) supported the performance of a Jointly Sponsored Research Program (JSRP) at the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) with a minimum 50% nonfederal cost share to assist industry in commercializing and effectively applying highly efficient, nonpolluting energy systems that meet the nation's requirements for clean fuels, chemicals, and electricity in the 21st century. The EERC in partnership with its nonfederal partners jointly performed 131 JSRP projects for which the total DOE cost share was $22,716,634 (38%) and the nonfederal share was $36,776,573 (62%). Summaries of these projects are presented in this report for six program areas: (1) resource characterization and waste management, (2) air quality assessment and control, (3) advanced power systems, (4) advanced fuel forms, (5) value-added coproducts, and (6) advanced materials. The work performed under this agreement addressed DOE goals for reductions in CO{sub 2} emissions through efficiency, capture, and sequestration; near-zero emissions from highly efficient coal-fired power plants; environmental control capabilities for SO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, fine respirable particulate (PM{sub 2.5}), and mercury; alternative transportation fuels including liquid synfuels and hydrogen; and synergistic integration of fossil and renewable resources.

Everett A. Sondreal; John G. Hendrikson; Thomas A. Erickson

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

297

JOINT OFFICER MANAGEMENT PROGRAM PROCEDURES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

implementation of the DOD Joint Officer Management (JOM) and Joint Qualification System (JQS) per references a through c. Reference a delegates the authority to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff to establish and publish regulations and procedures to ensure compliance with the statutory and Department policy standards for DOD’s JOM program. 2. Cancellation. CJCSI 1330.02C, 24 February 2006, is cancelled. Required review of promotion selection board results policy guidance has been incorporated in this instruction.

References See Enclosure N; Responsibilities For

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

CRUCIFORM CONTROL ROD JOINT  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An invention is described which relates to nuclear reactor control rod components and more particularly to a joint between cruciform control rod members and cruciform control rod follower members. In one embodiment this invention provides interfitting crossed arms at adjacent ends of a control rod and its follower in abutting relation. This holds the members against relative opposite longitudinal movement while a compression member keys the arms against relative opposite rotation around a common axis. Means are also provided for centering the control rod and its follower on a common axis and for selectively releasing the control rod from its follower for the insertion of a replacement of the control rod and reuse of the follower. (AEC)

Thorp, A.G. II

1962-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Global Scratch File System at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scratch Scratch Global Scratch File System Overview The global scratch file system (or "global scratch") can be accessed by multiple NERSC systems. Its default quota is much larger than the Global Home quota, so it can be used to temporarily store large amounts of data. This file system is periodically purged. Platforms Using Global Scratch The global scratch file system is available on all NERSC systems except PDSF. Quotas Default global scratch quotas are 20 TB and 2,000,000 inodes. If you need more than that, fill out the Disk Quota Change Request Form. Purging Yes, files in global scratch file system are subject to purging. Backup No, Files in global scratch file system are not backed up. Environment Variable You can reference your personal scratch directory in global scratch as

300

Global ice sheet modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The University of Maine conducted this study for Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) as part of a global climate modeling task for site characterization of the potential nuclear waste respository site at Yucca Mountain, NV. The purpose of the study was to develop a global ice sheet dynamics model that will forecast the three-dimensional configuration of global ice sheets for specific climate change scenarios. The objective of the third (final) year of the work was to produce ice sheet data for glaciation scenarios covering the next 100,000 years. This was accomplished using both the map-plane and flowband solutions of our time-dependent, finite-element gridpoint model. The theory and equations used to develop the ice sheet models are presented. Three future scenarios were simulated by the model and results are discussed.

Hughes, T.J.; Fastook, J.L. [Univ. of Maine, Orono, ME (United States). Institute for Quaternary Studies

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

NETL: Global Environmental Benefits  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Environmental Benefits Global Environmental Benefits Gasification Systems Global Environmental Benefits Environmental performance for future energy production systems is a much greater factor as emission standards tighten in the United States and worldwide. The outstanding environmental performance of gasification systems makes it an excellent technology for the clean production of electricity and other products. In addition, the reduction of CO2 emissions is one of the major challenges facing industry in response to global climate change. Other countries with coal reserves might potentially import technologies developed in the United States to enable low-cost gasification with carbon capture and EOR or sequestration. Not only will this benefit the U.S. gasification technology industry, but it will also result in a global environmental benefit through more affordable control of greenhouse gases (GHGs). See the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) link below for a summary of the impact of fossil fuels without carbon capture on CO2 emissions, on the GHG contributions of different countries, and of the projected impact of developing countries to 2030:

302

The Atlantic Climate Change Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Atlantic Climate Change Program (ACCP) is a component of NOAA's Climate and Global Change Program. ACCP is directed at determining the role of the thermohaline circulation of the Atlantic Ocean on global atmospheric climate. Efforts and ...

Robert L. Molinari; David Battisti; Kirk Bryan; John Walsh

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Global warming and global dioxide emission: An empirical study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the dynamic relationship between global surface temperature (global warming) and global carbon dioxide emission (CO{sub 2}) is modelled and analyzed by causality and spectral analysis in the time domain and frequency domain, respectively. Historical data of global CO{sub 2} emission and global surface temperature anomalies over 129 years from 1860-1988 are used in this study. The causal relationship between the two phenomena is first examined using the Sim and Granger causality test in the time domain after the data series are filtered by ARIMA models. The Granger causal relationship is further scrutinized and confirmed by cross-spectral and multichannel spectral analysis in the frequency domain. The evidence found from both analyses proves that there is a positive causal relationship between the two variables. The time domain analysis suggests that Granger causality exists between global surface temperature and global CO{sub 2} emission. Further, CO{sub 2} emission causes the change in temperature. The conclusions are further confirmed by the frequency domain analysis, which indicates that the increase in CO{sub 2} emission causes climate warming because a high coherence exists between the two variables. Furthermore, it is proved that climate changes happen after an increase in CO{sub 2} emission, which confirms that the increase in CO{sub 2} emission does cause global warming. 27 refs., 10 figs., 5 tabs.

Linyan Sun [Xian Jiaotong Univ., Shaanxi (China); Wang, M. [Saint Mary`s Univ., Halifax, Nova Scotia (Canada)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

2014 Joint Action Workshop | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2014 Joint Action Workshop 2014 Joint Action Workshop January 12, 2014 8:00AM EST to January 14, 2014 5:00PM EST Palm Desert, California The Joint Action Workshop is an annual...

305

Economic Globalization and a Nuclear Renaissance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The phenomenon of globalization has become increasingly well recognized, documented, and analyzed in the last several years. Globalization, the integration of markets and intra-firm competition on a worldwide basis, involves complex behavioral and mindset changes within a firm that facilitate global competition. The changes revolve around efficient information flow and rapid deployment of technology. The objective of this report is to examine the probable characteristics of a global nuclear renaissance and its broad implications for industry structure and export control relative to nuclear technology. The question of how a modern renaissance would affect the trend toward globalization of the nuclear industry is addressed.

Wood, Thomas W.; Johnson, Wayne L.; Parker, Brian M.

2001-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

306

Greenhouse effect and global climate change. Hearings before the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, United States Senate, One Hundredth Congress, First Session, November 9 and 10, 1987  

SciTech Connect

A two-day hearing on the environmental implications of build-up of carbon dioxide and trace gases in the atmosphere, commonly referred to as the greenhouse effect, brought testimony from atmospheric scientists and government officials. Testimony was given regarding the growing scientific concern that by the next century, the temperature of the earth's atmosphere may increase to a level unmatched in thousands of years. This temperature change will result in a climate change five to ten times as great as that caused by the last ice age.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Washington Joint Aquatic Resources Permit Application (JARPA...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Washington Joint Aquatic Resources Permit Application (JARPA) Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- OtherOther: Washington Joint...

308

Joint SSRTNet/ALS-MES Workshop report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conclusion of his SRRTNet/ALS-MES Workshop presentation inJoint SSRTNet/ALS-MES Workshop This joint workshop broughtthe Advanced Light Source (ALS) Users’ Association Annual

Shuh, David; Van Hove, Michel

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

A Change of Solar He II EUV Global Network Structure of the Transition Region as an Indicator of Geo-Effectiveness of Solar Minima  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar activity during 2007--2009 was very low, causing anomalously low thermospheric density. A comparison of solar extreme ultraviolet (EUV) irradiance in the He II spectral band (26 to 34 nm) from the Solar Extreme ultraviolet Monitor (SEM), one of instruments on the Charge Element and Isotope Analysis System (CELIAS) onboard of the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) for the two latest solar minima showed a decrease of the absolute irradiance of about 15 +- 6 % during the solar minimum between Cycles 23 and 24 compared with the Cycles 22/23 minimum when a yearly running mean filter was used. We found that some local, shorter-term minima including those with the same absolute EUV flux in the SEM spectral band show a larger concentration of spatial power in the global network structure from the 30.4 nm SOHO Extreme ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (EIT) images for the local minimum of 1996 compared with the minima of 2008--2011. We interpret this larger concentration of spatial power in the transition reg...

Didkovsky, Leonid

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Global warming: A Northwest perspective  

SciTech Connect

The Northwest Power Planning Council convened a symposium in Olympia, Washington, on the subject of global climate change ( the greenhouse effect'') and its potential for affecting the Pacific Northwest. The symposium was organized in response to a need by the Power Council to understand global climate change and its potential impacts on resource planning and fish and wildlife planning for the region, as well as a need to understand national policy developing toward climate change and the Pacific Northwest's role in it. 40 figs., 15 tabs.

Scott, M.J.; Counts, C.A. (eds.)

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Global warming  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the oceans will rise because the ice caps will melt. whole countries may disappear underwater. In addition, there will be drastic climate changes all over the world. Scientists...

312

United States and France Sign Joint Statement on Civil Liability for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

United States and France Sign Joint Statement on Civil Liability United States and France Sign Joint Statement on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage United States and France Sign Joint Statement on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage August 29, 2013 - 1:36pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - The United States and France today issued the Joint Statement on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage that sets forth the common views of the United States and France on civil nuclear liability, including their support for establishment of a global nuclear liability regime allowing for adequate compensation to victims of a nuclear accident, as called for in the International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) Action Plan on Nuclear Safety. The Joint Statement results from discussions between the United States and France over the past year that culminated in the signing

313

United States and France Sign Joint Statement on Civil Liability for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

United States and France Sign Joint Statement on Civil Liability United States and France Sign Joint Statement on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage United States and France Sign Joint Statement on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage August 29, 2013 - 1:36pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - The United States and France today issued the Joint Statement on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage that sets forth the common views of the United States and France on civil nuclear liability, including their support for establishment of a global nuclear liability regime allowing for adequate compensation to victims of a nuclear accident, as called for in the International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) Action Plan on Nuclear Safety. The Joint Statement results from discussions between the United States and France over the past year that culminated in the signing

314

Joint probabilities and quantum cognition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we discuss the existence of joint probability distributions for quantum-like response computations in the brain. We do so by focusing on a contextual neural-oscillator model shown to reproduce the main features of behavioral stimulus-response theory. We then exhibit a simple example of contextual random variables not having a joint probability distribution, and describe how such variables can be obtained from neural oscillators, but not from a quantum observable algebra.

J. Acacio de Barros

2012-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

315

Joint probabilities and quantum cognition  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we discuss the existence of joint probability distributions for quantumlike response computations in the brain. We do so by focusing on a contextual neural-oscillator model shown to reproduce the main features of behavioral stimulus-response theory. We then exhibit a simple example of contextual random variables not having a joint probability distribution, and describe how such variables can be obtained from neural oscillators, but not from a quantum observable algebra.

Acacio de Barros, J. [Liberal Studies, 1600 Holloway Ave., San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA 94132 (United States)

2012-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

316

Global Warming and Extreme Weather  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Warming and Extreme Weather Global Warming and Extreme Weather Speaker(s): Michael Wehner Date: November 28, 2006 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Surabi Menon Extreme weather events can have serious impacts on human and ecological systems. Changes in the magnitude and frequency of extreme weather associated with changes in the mean climate are likely the most serious consequence of human induced global warming. Understanding what the future portends is vital if society hopes to adapt to the very different world that awaits. In this talk, we will exploit simple extreme value theory to make predictions about the late 21st century climate. Current work on the relationship between global warming and the hurricane cycle will also be presented. The bottom line is that events that are considered rare today

317

Event:Second Global Conference on Agriculture, Food Security...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Conference on Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png Second Global Conference on Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change: on...

318

Global Warming: Physics and Facts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains papers on: A tutorial on global atmospheric energetics and the greenhouse effect; global climate models: what and how; comparison of general circulation models; climate and the earth`s radiation budget; temperature and sea level change; short-term climate variability and predictions; the great ocean conveyor; trace gases in the atmosphere: temporal and spatial trends; the geochemical carbon cycle and the uptake of fossil fuel CO{sub 2}; forestry and global warming; the physical and policy linkages; policy implications of greenhouse warming; options for lowering US carbon dioxide emissions; options for reducing carbon dioxide emissions; and science and diplomacy: a new partnership to protect the environment.

Levi, B.G. [Physics Today, New York, NY (United States); Hafemeister, D. [Committee on Foreign Relations (U.S. Senate), Washington, DC (United States); Scribner, R. [Georgetown Univ., Washington, DC (United States)] [eds.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Global Warming: Physics and Facts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains papers on: A tutorial on global atmospheric energetics and the greenhouse effect; global climate models: what and how; comparison of general circulation models; climate and the earth's radiation budget; temperature and sea level change; short-term climate variability and predictions; the great ocean conveyor; trace gases in the atmosphere: temporal and spatial trends; the geochemical carbon cycle and the uptake of fossil fuel CO{sub 2}; forestry and global warming; the physical and policy linkages; policy implications of greenhouse warming; options for lowering US carbon dioxide emissions; options for reducing carbon dioxide emissions; and science and diplomacy: a new partnership to protect the environment.

Levi, B.G. (Physics Today, New York, NY (United States)); Hafemeister, D. (Committee on Foreign Relations (U.S. Senate), Washington, DC (United States)); Scribner, R. (Georgetown Univ., Washington, DC (United States)) (eds.)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

APPOINTMENT OF A JOINT MEMBER New Appointment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

APPOINTMENT OF A JOINT MEMBER Renewal: New Appointment: "A joint appointment reflects the active with an academic appointment in one academic unit may be given a joint appointment in another academic unit. ..." [Article 13.10.1] In the case of a new hire, where the intention is a Joint Appointment, there needs

Saskatchewan, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Global climate feedbacks  

SciTech Connect

The important physical, chemical, and biological events that affect global climate change occur on a mesoscale -- requiring high spatial resolution for their analysis. The Department of Energy has formulated two major initiatives under the US Global Change Program: ARM (Atmospheric Radiation Measurements), and CHAMMP (Computer Hardware Advanced Mathematics and Model Physics). ARM is designed to use ground and air-craft based observations to document profiles of atmospheric composition, clouds, and radiative fluxes. With research and models of important physical processes, ARM will delineate the relationships between trace gases, aerosol and cloud structure, and radiative transfer in the atmosphere, and will improve the parameterization of global circulation models. The present GCMs do not model important feedbacks, including those from clouds, oceans, and land processes. The purpose of this workshop is to identify such potential feedbacks, to evaluate the uncertainties in the feedback processes (and, if possible, to parameterize the feedback processes so that they can be treated in a GCM), and to recommend research programs that will reduce the uncertainties in important feedback processes. Individual reports are processed separately for the data bases.

Manowitz, B.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Adjoint-Based Estimation of Eddy-Induced Tracer Mixing Parameters in the Global Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using the German Estimating the Circulation and Climate of the Ocean (GECCO) synthesis framework, four separate eddy tracer mixing coefficients are adjusted jointly with external forcing fields, such as to reduce a global misfit between the model ...

Chuanyu Liu; Armin Köhl; Detlef Stammer

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

The Challenge of Limiting Greenhouse Gas Emissions Through Activities implemented Jointly in Developing Countries: A Brazilian Perspective  

SciTech Connect

This paper addresses, from the Brazilian perspective, the main problems with Joint Implementation/Activities Implemented Jointly (JI/AIJ) between industrialized (Annex I) and developing (non-Annex I) countries, as defined by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Four possible GHG emissions abatement measures are presented for Brazil: forest protection, reforestation projects for carbon sequestration or charcoal manufacturing, use of ethanol produced from sugar cane as a car fuel, and electrical energy conservation through an increase in end-use efficiencies. These four case studies form the basis of a discussion regarding the validity of developing countries' concerns about JI/AIJ. Recommendations are offered for overcoming the present shortcomings of JI/AIJ in developing countries. The primary conclusion is that Annex I countries' funding of JI/AIJ projects in developing countries in return for GHG emissions credits is not the best means to implement the UNFCCC. However, JI/AIJ projects can be a productive means of preventing global climate change if combined with other measures, including GHG emissions reduction targets for all countries involved in JI/AIJ projects and limits on the percentage of industrialized countries' emissions reductions that can be met through projects in developing countries.

La Rovere, E.L.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Arrhenius and global warming  

SciTech Connect

Although concern about global atmospheric warming has intensified in recent decades, research into the greenhouse effect actually began in the 19th century. Fourier and other scientists appreciated that without heat-absorbing gases in the atmosphere, the temperature on the ground would be considerably lower, making life as we know it impossible. In 1896, the Swedish scientist Svante Arrhenius was the first to make a quantitative link between changes in carbon dioxide concentration and climate. Publication of his paper was celebrated at a recent Swedish workshop. 13 refs., 1 fig.

Uppenbrink, J.

1996-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

325

Joint Staff, and J-Directorate Directives”  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1. Purpose a. To provide the process and procedures for handling the transition and reconciliation of USJFCOM issuances into CJCS/Joint Staff directives in accordance with (IAW) references a and b. b. For the purpose of this notice, the word “issuances ” refers to USJFCOM policy documents, and the word “directives ” refers to Joint Staff policy documents. 2. Cancellation. None. 3. Applicability. This notice applies to all Joint Staff personnel and to all U.S. Joint Forces Command (USJFCOM) directorates, organizations, or other subordinate activities transitioning to the Joint Staff. It does not apply to USJFCOM entities transitioning to organizations outside the Joint Staff.

Dom/sjs Cjcs Notice

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

The U.S. Department of Energy and the People's Republic of China' Academy of Sciences Joint Research on the Greenhouse Effect: 1985–1991 Research Progress  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy and the People's Republic of China's Academy of Sciences signed an agreement on 19 August 1987 to carry out a joint research program on the study of global warming due to enhanced greenhouse effect. The joint study ...

M. R. Riches; Zhao Jianping; W-C. Wang; Tao Shiyan

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

ETDE/INIS Joint Thesaurus | Scientific and Technical Information Program  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

ETDE/INIS Joint Thesaurus ETDE/INIS Joint Thesaurus Print page Print page Email page Email page As the DOE representative in these international STI exchanges, OSTI provides the U.S. input using the ETDE/INIS Joint Thesaurus, which contains the controlled terminology for indexing all information within the subject scopes of the International Nuclear Information System (INIS) and the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE). It contains 21,147 valid descriptors and 9,114 forbidden terms. The terminology is intended for use in subject descriptions for input or retrieval of information in these systems. The vocabulary is updated routinely, therefore please refer to the supplements for cumulative references for changes made to the initial printing of the thesaurus. Last updated: February 17, 2011

328

Hurricanes and Global Warming: Results from Downscaling IPCC AR4 Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Changes in tropical cyclone activity are among the more potentially consequential results of global climate change, and it is therefore of considerable interest to understand how anthropogenic climate change may affect such storms. Global climate ...

Kerry Emanuel; Ragoth Sundararajan; John Williams

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

United States and France Sign Joint Statement on Civil Liability...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

United States and France Sign Joint Statement on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage United States and France Sign Joint Statement on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Joint...

330

Joint Environmental Management System (EMS) | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Joint Environmental Management System (EMS) Joint Environmental Management System (EMS) Joint Environmental Management System (EMS) The environmental management system (EMS) has...

331

Scanned_Joint_Declaration_(Italian).pdf | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

JointDeclaration(Italian).pdf ScannedJointDeclaration(Italian).pdf ScannedJointDeclaration(Italian).pdf More Documents & Publications FTCP Face to Face Meeting - March 30,...

332

International Power Girasolar joint company | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Girasolar joint company Jump to: navigation, search Name International Power Girasolar joint company Sector Solar Product Joint venture announced between US IPWG and...

333

Joint Outreach Task Group Former Workers Screening Program |...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Joint Outreach Task Group Former Workers Screening Program Joint Outreach Task Group Former Workers Screening Program The Joint Outreach Task Group (JOTG) includes representatives...

334

2010_Nuclear_Security_Joint_Statement.pdf | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NuclearSecurityJointStatement.pdf 2010NuclearSecurityJointStatement.pdf 2010NuclearSecurityJointStatement.pdf More Documents & Publications United States and France...

335

Data Management Group Joint Program in Transportation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Data Management Group Joint Program in Transportation University of Toronto System Access Request will the University of Toronto, the Joint Program in Transportation Data Management Group or any of its funding

Toronto, University of

336

Mechanisms for Global Warming Impacts on Precipitation Frequency and Intensity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global warming mechanisms that cause changes in frequency and intensity of precipitation in the tropics are examined in climate model simulations. Under global warming, tropical precipitation tends to be more frequent and intense for heavy ...

Chia Chou; Chao-An Chen; Pei-Hua Tan; Kuan Ting Chen

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Optimization Online - Distributionally Robust Joint Chance ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 12, 2010 ... Abstract: We develop tractable semidefinite programming (SDP) based approximations for distributionally robust individual and joint chance ...

338

Alternative Transmission Technologies for Joint Planning Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes a detailed analysis of joint transmission planning needs and capabilities, including an assessment of current research in the area. The report has value as a starting point and reference for transmission planners engaged in joint planning exercises because it focuses on technologies that could facilitate joint transmission planning of a bulk power grid. A joint planning exercise involves the collaboration of multiple transmission planning groups that may each have ...

2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

339

TMS/ASM Joint Distinguished Lectureship Award  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Professional Honors and Awards Recipients of the TMS/ASM Joint Distinguished Lectureship Award. 2011, Subra Suresh. 2010, Mildred Dresselhaus.

340

Global Climate Change Electric Power Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-binding national targets have been set for the consumption of electricity from renewable sources and for biofuels - The United States - Developing nations · Biofuels targets · Biofuels policy overview by region - The European renewable fuels targets (gallons bn), 2006-2012 · Biofuels energy targets · Biofuel policy overview

Ford, Andrew

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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341

PNNL: FCSD: Atmospheric Sciences & Global Change: Programs &...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Programs & Facilities Atmospheric Measurements Laboratory Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program and ARM Climate Research Facility ARM Aerial Facility Environmental...

342

PNNL: Atmospheric Sciences & Global Change - Organization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Organization Select the appropriate box to view more information. Organization CharletteGeffen Phil-Rasch Jim-Mather Will-Shaw Beat-Schmid Beat-Schmid Steve-Ghan Marc-Imhoff...

343

Frontiers in Global Change Seminar Series presents ?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

classification technique that combines European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecast analysis data and vertically pointing millimeter wavelength cloud radar observations...

344

Technological Options to Address Global Climate Change  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydro and Other 8% Coal 22% Coal 22% Gas 23% Gas 23% Coal 19% Coal 19% Gas 28% Gas 28% Fossil Fuels Will Continue as Key to World Economy 1999 data from International Energy...

345

Frontiers in Global Change Seminar Series  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

particles ("aerosols") exert a net cooling effect by directly scattering and absorption of solar radiation that aerosol impacts on clouds (known as "aerosol indirect climatic effects") have a net cooling effect

346

Response of Upper Clouds in Global Warming Experiments Obtained Using a Global Nonhydrostatic Model with Explicit Cloud Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using a global nonhydrostatic model with explicit cloud processes, upper-cloud changes are investigated by comparing the present climate condition under the perpetual July setting and the global warming condition, in which the sea surface ...

Masaki Satoh; Shin-ichi Iga; Hirofumi Tomita; Yoko Tsushima; Akira T. Noda

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

University of Toronto Joint Program in Transportation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University of Toronto Joint Program in Transportation Data Management Group GTA A.M. PEAK HOUR ­ Notation page i University of Toronto Joint Program in Transportation Data Management Group Preface the joint efforts of transportation planning staff of the Regional Municipalities of York, Peel, Durham

Toronto, University of

348

Joint News Release ELEVENTH ITER NEGOTIATIONS MEETING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Joint News Release ELEVENTH ITER NEGOTIATIONS MEETING CHENGDU , CHINA, 24OCTOBER 2005 Delegations of America met in CHENGDU on 24October 2005 to continue their work to reach agreement on the joint the project and its procurements, and the continuing joint drafting of the agreement on establishing

349

JOINT PROGRAM IN TRANSPORTATION UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

JOINT PROGRAM IN TRANSPORTATION UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO 2001 TRANSPORTATION TOMORROW SURVEY not to participate) #12;JOINT PROGRAM IN TRANSPORTATION UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO 2001 TRANSPORTATION TOMORROW SURVEY Survey Area 2001 only 1996 only 1996 and 2001 1986, 1991, 1996 and 2001 #12;JOINT PROGRAM

Toronto, University of

350

Evaluation of Medium-Voltage Cable Joints  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research is a continuation of work evaluating performance of state-of-the-art joints. Three single-phase cold shrink joints and three "I"-type premolded separable connector joints were evaluated. Two of the separable connectors were rated 600 A and one was rated 900 A; both were installed on ethylene propylene rubber (EPR) 15-kV cables.

2006-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

351

Joint interaction with embedded concretions: joint loading congurations inferred from propagation paths  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Joint interaction with embedded concretions: joint loading con®gurations inferred from propagation The interaction between propagating joints and embedded concretions in a Devonian black shale near Seneca Lake, NY, permits identi®cation of the loading con®gurations responsible for two joint sets of dierent ages striking

Engelder, Terry

352

NICCR - National Institute for Climate Change Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

State University Northeastern Region Northern Arizona UNiversity Western Region Duke University Center on Global Change Southeastern Region Michigan Technological...

353

Metal-ceramic joint assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A metal-ceramic joint assembly in which a brazing alloy is situated between metallic and ceramic members. The metallic member is either an aluminum-containing stainless steel, a high chromium-content ferritic stainless steel or an iron nickel alloy with a corrosion protection coating. The brazing alloy, in turn, is either an Au-based or Ni-based alloy with a brazing temperature in the range of 9500 to 1200.degree. C.

Li, Jian (New Milford, CT)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Hydraulic fracturing of jointed formations  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Measured by volume, North America's largest hydraulic fracturing operations have been conducted at Fenton Hill, New Mexico to create geothermal energy reservoirs. In the largest operation 21,000 m/sup 3/ of water were injected into jointed granitic rock at a depth of 3.5 km. Microearthquakes induced by this injection were measured with geophones placed in five wells drilled into, or very close, to the reservoir, as well as 11 surface seismometers. The large volume of rock over which the microearthquakes were distributed indicates a mechanism of hydraulic stimulation which is at odds with conventional fracturing theory, which predicts failure along a plane which is perpendicular to the least compressive earth stress. A coupled rock mechanics/fluid flow model provides much of the explanation. Shear slippage along pre-existing joints in the rock is more easily induced than conventional tensile failure, particularly when the difference between minimum and maximum earth stresses is large and the joints are oriented at angles between 30 and 60 degrees to the principal earth stresses, and a low viscosity fluid like water is injected. Shear slippage results in local redistribution of stresses, which allows a branching, or dendritic, stimulation pattern to evolve, in agreement with the patterns of microearthquake locations. These results are qualitatively similar to the controversial process known as ''Kiel'' fracturing, in which sequential injections and shut-ins are repeated to create dendritic fractures for enhanced oil and gas recovery. However, we believe that the explanation is shear slippage of pre-existing joints and stress redistribution, not proppant bridging and fluid blocking as suggested by Kiel. 15 refs., 10 figs.

Murphy, H.D.; Fehler, M.C.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Cosmic global strings  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the following topics: Global Strings; The Gravitational field of a straight global string; How do global strings behave The axion cosmological energy density; Computer simulations of the motion and decay of global strings; and Electromagnetic radiation from the conversion of Nambu-Goldstone bosons in astrophysical magnetic fields.

Sikivie, P. (Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL (USA). Dept. of Physics)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Response to Skeptics of Global Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The majority of the scientific community involved in climate research is convinced of the reality of a current and future global warming due to the greenhouse effect, a change that must be largely caused by human activities. However, a minority ...

William W. Kellogg

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Global Snow Cover Monitoring: An Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate monitoring of the large-scale dimensions of global snow cover is essential for understanding details of climate dynamics and climate change. Presently, such information is gathered individually from ground station networks and satellite ...

David A. Robinson; Kenneth F. Dewey; Richard R. Heim Jr.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Global Ocean Warming: An Acoustic Measure?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Explosions of 300 lbs of TNT at 1 km depth off Perth, Australia were recorded on Bermuda hydrophones, demonstrating 30 years age the feasibility of global acoustic transmissions. Climate-induced changes in ocean temperature (and hence in sound ...

W. H. Munk; A. M. G. Forbes

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Joint Environmental Management System (EMS) Declaration of Conformance...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Services Environmental Management System Joint Environmental Management System (EMS) Declaration of Conformance Joint Environmental Management System (EMS) Declaration of...

360

Coarsening of the Sn-Pb Solder Microstructure in Constitutive Model-Based Predictions of Solder Joint Thermal Mechanical Fatigue  

SciTech Connect

Thermal mechanical fatigue (TMF) is an important damage mechanism for solder joints exposed to cyclic temperature environments. Predicting the service reliability of solder joints exposed to such conditions requires two knowledge bases: first, the extent of fatigue damage incurred by the solder microstructure leading up to fatigue crack initiation, must be quantified in both time and space domains. Secondly, fatigue crack initiation and growth must be predicted since this metric determines, explicitly, the loss of solder joint functionality as it pertains to its mechanical fastening as well as electrical continuity roles. This paper will describe recent progress in a research effort to establish a microstructurally-based, constitutive model that predicts TMF deformation to 63Sn-37Pb solder in electronic solder joints up to the crack initiation step. The model is implemented using a finite element setting; therefore, the effects of both global and local thermal expansion mismatch conditions in the joint that would arise from temperature cycling.

Vianco, P.T.; Burchett, S.N.; Neilsen, M.K.; Rejent, J.A.; Frear, D.R.

1999-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Global Cooling: Effect of Urban Albedo on Global Temperature  

SciTech Connect

In many urban areas, pavements and roofs constitute over 60% of urban surfaces (roof 20-25%, pavements about 40%). The roof and the pavement albedo can be increased by about 0.25 and 0.10, respectively, resulting in a net albedo increase for urban areas of about 0.1. Many studies have demonstrated building cooling-energy savings in excess of 20% upon raising roof reflectivity from an existing 10-20% to about 60%. We estimate U.S. potential savings in excess of $1 billion (B) per year in net annual energy bills. Increasing albedo of urban surfaces can reduce the summertime urban temperature and improve the urban air quality. Increasing the urban albedo has the added benefit of reflecting more of the incoming global solar radiation and countering the effect of global warming. We estimate that increasing albedo of urban areas by 0.1 results in an increase of 3 x 10{sup -4} in Earth albedo. Using a simple global model, the change in air temperature in lowest 1.8 km of the atmosphere is estimated at 0.01K. Modelers predict a warming of about 3K in the next 60 years (0.05K/year). Change of 0.1 in urban albedo will result in 0.01K global cooling, a delay of {approx}0.2 years in global warming. This 0.2 years delay in global warming is equivalent to 10 Gt reduction in CO2 emissions.

Akbari, Hashem; Menon, Surabi; Rosenfeld, Arthur

2007-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

362

Global Power Solutions LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power Solutions LLC Power Solutions LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Global Power Solutions LLC Place Colorado Zip CO 80401 Sector Geothermal energy Product String representation "Global Power So ... sition support." is too long. References Global Power Solutions LLC[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Global Power Solutions LLC is a company located in Colorado . References ↑ "Global Power Solutions LLC" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Global_Power_Solutions_LLC&oldid=345917" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link

363

GTZ Global Energy Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GTZ Global Energy Program GTZ Global Energy Program Jump to: navigation, search Logo: GTZ Global Energy Program Name GTZ Global Energy Program Agency/Company /Organization GTZ Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis Website http://www.gtz.de/en/praxis/95 Program Start 2008 Program End 2012 References GTZ projects [1] GTZ is working globally with countries on supply of energy technologies and services to households, SME and public utility institutions. Key products include access to modern energy services and promotion of new technologies. References ↑ "GTZ projects" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=GTZ_Global_Energy_Program&oldid=328691" Category: Programs What links here Related changes

364

Global Home File System at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home Home Global Home Filesystem Overview Global home directories (or "global homes") provide a convenient means for a user to have access to source files, input files, configuration files, etc., regardless of the platform the user is logged in to. Wherever possible, you should refer to your home directory using the environment variable $HOME. The absolute path to your home directory (e.g., /u4/elvis/) may change, but the value of $HOME will always be correct. For security reasons, you should never allow "world write" access to your $HOME directory or your $HOME/.ssh directory. NERSC scans for such security weakness, and, if detected, will change the permissions on your directories. Platforms Utilizing Global Home The Global Home file system is available on all NERSC systems except PDSF.

365

Global emissions inventories  

SciTech Connect

Atmospheric chemistry determines the concentrations of most of the important greenhouse gases except for carbon dioxide. The rate of removal of the greenhouse gases from the atmosphere is also controlled by atmospheric chemistry. The indirect effects of chemical forcing resulting from the chemical interactions of other species can also affect the concentrations of radiatively important gases such as ozone. In order to establish the contribution of any possible climatic change attributable to individual greenhouse gases, spatially and temporally resolved estimates of their emissions need to be established. Unfortunately, for most of the radiatively important species the global magnitudes of their individual fluxes are not known to better than a factor of two and their spatial distributions are even more poorly characterized. Efforts to estimate future projections of potential impacts and to monitor international agreements will require continued research to narrow the uncertainties of magnitude and geographical distribution of emissions.

Dignon, J.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Ozone depletion, greenhouse gases, and climate change: Proceedings  

SciTech Connect

This symposium was primarily concerned with the linkages between ozone depletion and increasing greenhouse gases and with their combined effect in causing climate change to occur on a global scale. The presentations in these proceedings review the current state of knowledge about stratospheric ozone depletion, discuss the probable effect of predicted greenhouse gas increase on future ozone trends, summarize observational data on changing atmospheric chemistry and associated atmospheric temperatures, and describe the continuing effort to model and predict future scenarios of climatic change relative to ozone and greenhouse gases in both the stratosphere and the troposphere. Some of the questions and answers that followed the presentations have been included when they highlight noteworthy points that were not covered in the presentation itself. The request by the National Climate Program Office for a symposium on the above related issues is included. The symposium agenda and participants are given. As well as a glossary of special terms and abbreviations. In summary, the Joint Symposium on Ozone Depletion, Greenhouse Gases, and Climate Change reviewed the magnitude and causes of stratospheric ozone depletion and examined the connections that exist between this problem and the impending climate warming to increasing greenhouse gases. The presentations of these proceedings indicate that the connections are real and important, and that the stratospheric ozone depletion and tropospheric greenhouse warming problems must be studied as parts of an interactive global system rather than as more or less unconnected events.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Rock Joint Surfaces Measurement and Analysis of Aperture Distribution under Different Normal and Shear Loading Using GIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Geometry of the rock joint is a governing factor for joint mechanical and hydraulic behavior. A new method of evaluating aperture distribution based on measurement of joint surfaces and three dimensional characteristics of each surface is developed. Artificial joint of granite surfaces are measured,processed, analyzed and three dimensional approaches are carried out for surface characterization. Parameters such as asperity's heights, slope angles, and aspects distribution at micro scale,local concentration of elements and their spatial localization at local scale are determined by Geographic Information System (GIS). Changes of aperture distribution at different normal stresses and various shear displacements are visualized and interpreted. Increasing normal load causes negative changes in aperture frequency distribution which indicates high joint matching. However, increasing shear displacement causes a rapid increase in the aperture and positive changes in the aperture frequency distribution which could be ...

Sharifzadeh, Mostafa; Esaki, Tetsuro

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Joint torsion of several commuting operators.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce the notion of joint torsion for several commuting operators satisfying a Fredholm condition. This new secondary invariant takes values in the group of invertibles of a field. It is constructed by comparing determinants associated with different filtrations of a Koszul complex. Our notion of joint torsion generalizes the Carey-Pincus joint torsion of a pair of commuting Fredholm operators. As an example, under more restrictive invertibility assumptions, we show that the joint torsion recovers the multiplicative Lefschetz numbers. Furthermore, in the case of Toeplitz operators over the polydisc we provide a link between the joint torsion and the Cauchy integral formula. We will also consider the algebraic properties of the joint torsion. They include a cocycle property, a symmetry property, a triviality property and a multiplicativity property. The proof of these results relies on a quite general comparison theorem for vertical and horizontal torsion isomorphisms associated with certain diagrams of chain complexes.

Jens Kaad

369

MIT Integrated Global System Model (IGSM) Version 2: Model Description and Baseline Evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The MIT Integrated Global System Model (IGSM) is designed for analyzing the global environmental changes that may result from anthropogenic causes, quantifying the uncertainties associated with the projected changes, and ...

Sokolov, Andrei P.

370

NIST Joint Cloud and Big Data Workshop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Joint Cloud and Big Data Workshop. Purpose: ... The second and third days of the workshop focused on the intersection of Cloud and Big Data. ...

2013-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

371

Joint Outreach Task Group Calendar: September 2013  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Joint Outreach Task Group (JOTG)has created a monthly calendar of community events to facilitate interagency and community involvement in these events. September 2013

372

A ”JOINT+MARGINAL” APPROACH TO PARAMETRIC ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the cost vector (of the objective function to optimize) are random variables with joint distribution ?, some bounds on the expected optimal value have been ...

373

High-temperature brazed ceramic joints  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

High-temperature joints formed from metallized ceramics are disclosed wherein the metal coatings on the ceramics are vacuum sputtered thereon.

Jarvinen, Philip O. (Amherst, NH)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Joint minimization with alternating Bregman proximity operators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 28, 2004 ... Joint minimization with alternating Bregman proximity operators. H. H. Bauschke (hbauschk ***at*** uoguelph.ca) P. L. Combettes (plc ***at*** ...

375

Collaborations and Joint R&D  

Collaborations and Joint R&D. R&D Collaborations Map. These stories highlight some of the ways Argonne has worked with industrial companies to improve processes ...

376

Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research | National...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Home > About Us > Our Programs > Defense Programs > Office of Research, Development, Test Capabilities and Evaluation > Office of Research and Development > Facilities > Joint...

377

Review: Globalization of Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review: Globalization of Water: Sharing the Planet’sAshok K. Globalization of Water: Sharing the Planet’s140) liters of virtual water (p. 15). This is one of the

Tennant, Matthew Aaron

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

A global warming forum: Scientific, economic, and legal overview  

SciTech Connect

A Global Warming Forum covers in detail five general subject areas aimed at providing first, the scientific background and technical information available on global warming and second, a study and evaluation of the role of economic, legal, and political considerations in global warming. The five general topic areas discussed are the following: (1) The role of geophysical and geoengineering methods to solve problems related to global climatic change; (2) the role of oceanographic and geochemical methods to provide evidence for global climatic change; (3) the global assessment of greenhouse gas production including the need for additional information; (4) natural resource management needed to provide long-term global energy and agricultural uses; (5) legal, policy, and educational considerations required to properly evaluate global warming proposals.

Geyer, R.A. (ed.)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Joint Statement of the U.S.-Iraq Joint Coordinating Committee on Energy |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Joint Statement of the U.S.-Iraq Joint Coordinating Committee on Joint Statement of the U.S.-Iraq Joint Coordinating Committee on Energy Joint Statement of the U.S.-Iraq Joint Coordinating Committee on Energy April 23, 2012 - 2:25pm Addthis The governments of the United States of America and the Republic of Iraq reaffirmed their commitment to joint cooperation in the areas of oil production and export, natural gas, electricity, and critical energy infrastructure protection during the inaugural meeting of the Joint Coordinating Committee (JCC) on Energy on April 23, 2012. This meeting, held at the U.S. Department of Energy, was co-chaired by Iraqi Deputy Prime Minister for Energy Dr. Hussain Al Shahristani and U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman and Special Envoy and Coordinator for International Energy Affairs at the U.S. Department of State Ambassador

380

Joint Statement of the U.S.-Iraq Joint Coordinating Committee on Energy |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Joint Statement of the U.S.-Iraq Joint Coordinating Committee on Joint Statement of the U.S.-Iraq Joint Coordinating Committee on Energy Joint Statement of the U.S.-Iraq Joint Coordinating Committee on Energy April 23, 2012 - 2:25pm Addthis The governments of the United States of America and the Republic of Iraq reaffirmed their commitment to joint cooperation in the areas of oil production and export, natural gas, electricity, and critical energy infrastructure protection during the inaugural meeting of the Joint Coordinating Committee (JCC) on Energy on April 23, 2012. This meeting, held at the U.S. Department of Energy, was co-chaired by Iraqi Deputy Prime Minister for Energy Dr. Hussain Al Shahristani and U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman and Special Envoy and Coordinator for International Energy Affairs at the U.S. Department of State Ambassador

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Global Energy Perspectives  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Global Energy Perspectives: Supply Security, Economic Development and Sustainability The Annual Energy Policy Conference of the National Capital Area ...

382

Global Security 2009  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Security *Intelligence *Hyper Innovation Global Security Weapons & Complex Integration NIF Office of Strategic Outcomes Operations & Business Lawrence Livermore National...

383

Global warming and biological diversity  

SciTech Connect

This book is based on presentations given at the World Wildlife Fund's Conference on Consequences of the Greenhouse Effect for Biological Diverisity in 1988, and includes updated literature citations. The general topics covered in the book include the following: overview; summary of past responses of plants to climatic change; general ecological and physiological responses; ecosystems in 4 specific regions (arctic marine, Alaskan North Slope, NW US forests, and Mediterranean); global warming's implications for conservation. Ideas and data from many ecosystems and information about the relationships between biodiversity and climatic change are brought together with a balance of factual information and defensible scientific prognostication.

Peters, R.L.; Lovejoy, T.E. (eds.)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Controls of Global-Mean Precipitation Increases in Global Warming GCM Experiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the controls on global precipitation that are evident in the transient experiments conducted using coupled climate models collected for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report (AR4). The ...

Graeme L. Stephens; Todd D. Ellis

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Biofluid lubrication for artificial joints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research investigated biofluid lubrication related to artificial joints using tribological and rheological approaches. Biofluids studied here represent two categories of fluids, base fluids and nanostructured biofluids. Base fluids were studied through comparison of synthetic fluids (simulated body fluid and hyaluronic acid) as well as natural biofluids (from dogs, horses, and humans) in terms of viscosity and fluid shear stress. The nano-structured biofluids were formed using molecules having well-defined shapes. Understanding nano-structured biofluids leads to new ways of design and synthesis of biofluids that are beneficial for artificial joint performance. Experimental approaches were utilized in the present research. This includes basic analysis of biofluids’ property, such as viscosity, fluid shear stress, and shear rate using rheological experiments. Tribological investigation and surface characterization were conducted in order to understand effects of molecular and nanostructures on fluid lubrication. Workpiece surface structure and wear mechanisms were investigated using a scanning electron microscope and a transmission electron microscope. The surface topography was examined using a profilometer. The results demonstrated that with the adding of solid additives, such as crown ether or fullerene acted as rough as the other solids in the 3-body wear systems. In addition, the fullerene supplied low friction and low wear, which designates the lubrication purpose of this particular particle system. This dissertation is constructed of six chapters. The first chapter is an introduction to body fluids, as mentioned earlier. After Chapter II, it examines the motivation and approach of the present research, Chapter III discusses the experimental approaches, including materials, experimental setup, and conditions. In Chapter IV, lubrication properties of various fluids are discussed. The tribological properties and performance nanostructured biofluids are discussed in Chapter V, followed by summary and conclusions in Chapter VI.

Pendelton, Alice Mae

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

DOE and FERC Joint Public Statement on Back Stop Siting | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FERC Joint Public Statement on Back Stop Siting FERC Joint Public Statement on Back Stop Siting DOE and FERC Joint Public Statement on Back Stop Siting October 11, 2011 - 1:32pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced today his decision that the Department of Energy will work more closely with the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) in reviewing proposed electric transmission projects under section 216 of the Federal Power Act (FPA), as an alternative to delegating additional authority to FERC. Chu said, "This nation promptly needs to build the electric grid of the 21st century to compete in the global economy. Enhanced cooperation between DOE and FERC is the best way to help achieve this goal. I look forward to working with Chairman Wellinghoff as we take steps to ease

387

Global Cool Cities Alliance | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Global Cool Cities Alliance Global Cool Cities Alliance Global Cool Cities Alliance The Department of Energy (DOE) is currently supporting the Global Cool Cities Alliance (GCCA), a non-profit organization that works with cities, regions, and national governments to speed the worldwide installation of cool roofs, pavements, and other surfaces. GCCA is dedicated to advancing policies and actions that increase the solar reflectance of our buildings and pavements as a cost-effective way to promote cool buildings, cool cities, and to mitigate the effects of climate change through global cooling. The alliance was launched in June of 2011. Cool reflective surfaces are an important near-term strategy for improving city sustainability by delivering significant benefits such as increased building efficiency and comfort, improved urban health, and heat

388

The Global Carbon Bank | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » The Global Carbon Bank Jump to: navigation, search Name The Global Carbon Bank Place Houston, Texas Zip 77025 Sector Carbon, Services Product Houston-based provider of advisory and development services to utilities regarding carbon compliance and emissions offsets. References The Global Carbon Bank[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. The Global Carbon Bank is a company located in Houston, Texas . References ↑ "The Global Carbon Bank"

389

High temperature ceramic/metal joint structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high temperature turbine engine includes a hybrid ceramic/metallic rotor member having ceramic/metal joint structure. The disclosed joint is able to endure higher temperatures than previously possible, and aids in controlling heat transfer in the rotor member.

Boyd, Gary L. (Tempe, AZ)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Estimates of Uncertainty in Predictions of Global Mean Surface Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method for estimating uncertainty in future climate change is discussed in detail and applied to predictions of global mean temperature change. The method uses optimal fingerprinting to make estimates of uncertainty in model simulations of ...

J. A. Kettleborough; B. B. B. Booth; P. A. Stott; M. R. Allen

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Integrated Joint Actuator for Serpentine Robots  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—Serpentine robots, also sometimes called “snake robots, ” are slender, multisegmented vehicles designed to provide greater mobility than conventional wheeled or tracked robots. Serpentine robots are typically comprised of three or more rigid segments connected by two or three degrees of freedom joints. The segments typically have powered wheels, tracks, or legs to propel the vehicle forward; the joints may be powered or unpowered. We have developed a joint actuator system that is highly optimized for use in serpentine robots. This article first presents an analysis of the particular requirements for joint actuators in serpentine robots. We then compare existing actuators against those requirements and show that pneumatic bellows are ideally suited for this application. Following this analysis, this paper introduces our fully functional, pneumatically operated actuation system that is efficiently integrated in the space occupied by a joint. This system,

Grzegorz Granosik; Johann Borenstein; Senior Member

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Secretary Bodman Travels to Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy Investments Secretary Bodman Travels to Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy Investments January 19, 2007 - 10:38am Addthis Furthers Strategic Energy Dialogue between the Nations and Highlights U.S. - Saudi Scientific Innovation RIYADH, SAUDI ARABIA - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today continued his six-nation visit to the Middle East and Europe with a two-day stop in Saudi Arabia where he met with Saudi Arabia's Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Ali Ibrahim Al-Naimi to discuss joint energy cooperation. Secretary Bodman also toured the King Abdul-Aziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) and will tour the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology during his visit. "The United States and Saudi Arabia enjoy a relationship of global

393

United States-Japan Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

United States-Japan Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan United States-Japan Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan An outline on the United States and Japan's joint nuclear energy action...

394

U.S.-Brazil Strategic Energy Dialogue Joint Report | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Brazil Strategic Energy Dialogue Joint Report U.S.-Brazil Strategic Energy Dialogue Joint Report First Joint Report to Presidents on U.S.-Brazil Strategic Energy Dialogue.pdf More...

395

DOE Joint Genome Institute: Soybean Genome Analysis Reveals Pathways for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

January 13, 2010 January 13, 2010 Soybean Genome Analysis Reveals Pathways for Improving Biodiesel, Disease Resistance, and Reducing Waste Runoff WALNUT CREEK, CA-Soybean, one of the most important global sources of protein and oil, is now the first legume species with a published complete draft genome sequence. The sequence and its analysis appear in the January 14 edition of the journal Nature. The research team comprised 18 institutions, including the U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI), the U.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service (USDA-ARS), Purdue University and the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. The DOE, National Science Foundation, USDA and United Soybean Board supported the research. helix made of soybeans

396

2013 Global Carbon Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2013 Global Carbon Project 2013 Global Carbon Project DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/GCP_2013_V1.1 image 2013 Budget v1.1 (November 2013) image 2013 Budget v1.3 (December 2013, contains typographical corrections to 2011 Australia emissions from v1.1 and corrections to the 2011 Australia transfer and consumption emissions from v1.2) image image image image Global Carbon Dioxide Emissions to Reach 36 Billion Tonnes in 2013 Global emissions of carbon dioxide from the combustion of fossil fuels will reach 36 billion tonnes for the year 2013. "This is a level unprecedented in human history," says CSIRO's Dr Pep Canadell, Executive-Director of the Global Carbon Project (GCP) and co-author of a new report. Global emissions due to fossil fuel alone are set to grow this year at a slightly lower pace of 2.1% than the average 3.1% since 2000, reaching 36

397

Sealed joint structure for electrochemical device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Several members make up a joint in a high-temperature electrochemical device, wherein the various members perform different functions. The joint is useful for joining multiple cells (generally tubular modules) of an electrochemical device to produce a multi-cell segment-in-series stack for a solid oxide fuel cell, for instance. The joint includes sections that bond the joining members to each other; one or more seal sections that provide gas-tightness, and sections providing electrical connection and/or electrical insulation between the various joining members. A suitable joint configuration for an electrochemical device has a metal joint housing, a first porous electrode, a second porous electrode, separated from the first porous electrode by a solid electrolyte, and an insulating member disposed between the metal joint housing and the electrolyte and second electrode. One or more brazes structurally and electrically connects the first electrode to the metal joint housing and forms a gas tight seal between the first electrode and the second electrode.

Tucker, Michael C; Jacobson, Craig P; De Jonghe, Lutgard C; Visco, Steven J

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

398

Analysing spatio-temporal patterns of the global NO2-distribution [NO subscript 2 -distribution] retrieved from GOME satellite observations using a generalized additive model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the increasing availability of observational data from different sources at a global level, joint analysis of these data is becoming especially attractive. For such an analysis – oftentimes with little prior knowledge ...

Hayn, M.

399

Probabilistic Multimodel Regional Temperature Change Projections  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Regional temperature change projections for the twenty-first century are generated using a multimodel ensemble of atmosphere–ocean general circulation models. The models are assigned coefficients jointly, using a Bayesian linear model fitted to ...

Arthur M. Greene; Lisa Goddard; Upmanu Lall

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

IGBP-DIS Global Primary Production Data Initiative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

IGBP-DIS Global Primary Production Data Initiative IGBP-DIS Global Primary Production Data Initiative The GPPDI Workshop was held in Cincinnati, U.S.A., December 1996 (Olson et al., 1997). Summary (September 1996) by Dick Olson and Steve Prince from Global Change Newsletter No. 27; International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme: A Study of Global Change (IGBP) of the International Council of Scientific Unions Global modelling and monitoring of net primary production (NPP) is being given high priority in IGBP owing to increasing concern over issues such as the consequences of perturbations in the carbon cycle, the impacts of global land-use change, global climate change, and global food security. Significant advances have been made in process modelling and in the use of remote sensing to monitor global vegetation. The advances in modelling and remote sensing of NPP have highlighted the lack of readily available, reliable information from field studies with which to parameterise and validate the models. The Global Primary Production Data Initiative (GPPDI) is intended to remedy this problem by identifying existing field data sets of primary production and associated environmental data. The programme is using data sets for representative sites, and extrapolating or regionalising the better data sets to grid cells sizes of up to 0.5º x 0.5º. Emphasis is on variables needed to parameterise and validate primary production models, including above and below ground NPP, standing crop, LAI, climate data, site data and landscape variability.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Addendum to Emissions of greenhouse gases from the use of transportation fuels and electricity. Effect of 1992 revision of global warming potential (GWP) by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).  

SciTech Connect

This addendum contains 2 important messages. (1) This document supersedes all previous versions of this work. Please do not use any older versions any more. (2) The atmospheric-science community now believes that it cannot estimate confidently the ''Global Warming Potentials'' (GWPs) of the indirect effects of greenhouse gases. A GWP is a number that converts a mass-unit emission of a greenhouse gas other than CO{sub 2} into the mass amount of CO{sub 2} that has an equivalent warming effect over a given period of time. This report refers to GWPs as ''CO{sub 2}-equivalency factors.'' For example, a forthcoming report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change disavows many of the GWPs estimated in an earlier IPCC report, and states that GWPs for the indirect effects of the non-CO{sub 2} greenhouse gases cannot be estimated accurately yet. However, this does not mean that in principle there are no GWPs for the non-CO{sub 2} greenhouse gases; rather, it means that some of the GWPs are uncertain, and that the earlier IPCC estimates of the GWPs may or may not turn out to be right (albeit, in at lease one case, discussed in this paper, the earlier estimates almost certainly will be wrong). In this report the author used the IPCC's 1990 estimates of the GWPs for 20-, 100-, and 500-year time horizons, and expressed the bottom-line results for each of these three time horizons. However, the recent uncertainty about the GWPs affects how you should interpret the results. Because the IPCC has disclaimed some of its GWPs, the GWPs as a group no longer are the best estimates of the warming effects over 20, 100, and 500 years. Instead, they are just a collection of possible values for the GWPs--in short, scenarios. Therefore, you should interpret the ''20-, 100-, and 500-year time horizons'' as three general GWP scenarios--say, scenarios, A, B, and C.--and not as time-period scenarios. For example, you should not think that the results shown here under the ''100-year time horizon'' actually embody the scientific community's best estimates of the relative warming potentials of the various greenhouse gases over a 100-year period. Instead, you should understand the results to be the outcome of making a particular set of assumptions about what the GWPs might be. The ''time horizons'' no longer necessarily represent time horizons, but rather general scenarios for, or assumptions about, the GWPs.

DeLuchi, M. A.

1992-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

402

Cleantech Professional Resource Global Limited CPR Global | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Professional Resource Global Limited CPR Global Professional Resource Global Limited CPR Global Jump to: navigation, search Name Cleantech Professional Resource Global Limited (CPR Global) Place London, United Kingdom Zip EC4M 9DN Product Cleantech Professional Resource is a resource management consultancy focusing on the cleantech sector in the UK and Europe. References Cleantech Professional Resource Global Limited (CPR Global)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Cleantech Professional Resource Global Limited (CPR Global) is a company located in London, United Kingdom . References ↑ "Cleantech Professional Resource Global Limited (CPR Global)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Cleantech_Professional_Resource_Global_Limited_CPR_Global&oldid=343687

403

Global Oil Geopolitics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Iran-Iraq War . Iranian revolution . Arab Oil Embargo . Asian financial crisis . capacity exhausted . Global financial collapse . 9-11 attacks . OPEC cuts targets 1.7 ...

404

United States and Japan Sign Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Japan Sign Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan to Promote Nuclear Energy Cooperation United States and Japan Sign Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan to Promote Nuclear Energy...

405

Enjoy The Benefits of Joint ASM/TMS Chapter Membership  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Enjoy The Benefits of Joint ASM/TMS Chapter Membership. There are many benefits of being a part of the Joint ASM/TMS Student Program—scholarships, ...

406

EA-1945: Northern Mid-Columbia Joint Project; Grant, Douglas...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5: Northern Mid-Columbia Joint Project; Grant, Douglas, and Chelan Counties, Washington EA-1945: Northern Mid-Columbia Joint Project; Grant, Douglas, and Chelan Counties,...

407

Second National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Second National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management Second National Report for the Joint...

408

Fracture Mechanics of Solder Joint under Mechanical Fatigue  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Structural similarities in solder joint used in these studies yet varying locations of cracking site suggest that fracture in solder joint is affected greatly by a subtle ...

409

United States -Japan Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

United States -Japan Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan United States -Japan Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan President Bush of the United States and Prime Minister Koizumi of Japan...

410

OMB and CEQ Joint Memorandum on Environmental Collaboration and...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

OMB and CEQ Joint Memorandum on Environmental Collaboration and Conflict Resolution OMB and CEQ Joint Memorandum on Environmental Collaboration and Conflict Resolution This Office...

411

Joint Institute for Neutron Sciences | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Joint Institute for Neutron Sciences SHARE Joint Institute for Neutron Sciences JINS is located on Chestnut Ridge within the 80-acre SNS site, part of Oak Ridge National...

412

Fourth National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fourth National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management Fourth National Report for the Joint...

413

Projects Selected for Funding Under the Joint NYSERDA / DOE Energy...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Projects Selected for Funding Under the Joint NYSERDA DOE Energy Storage Initiative Projects Selected for Funding Under the Joint NYSERDA DOE Energy Storage Initiative New York...

414

Transcript of March 4, 2011 Joint Public Meeting | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transcript of March 4, 2011 Joint Public Meeting Transcript of March 4, 2011 Joint Public Meeting Official Transcript of Proceedings - Nuclear Regulatory Commission Transcript of...

415

TMS/ASM Joint Commission on Metallurgical Transactions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

TMS/ASM Joint Commission on Metallurgical Transactions. The function of the Joint Commission is as follows: Consistent with the Purpose and Scope of ...

416

Third National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Third National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management Third National Report for the Joint...

417

Joint Urban 2003: Indoor Measurements Final Data Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Joint Urban 2003: Indoor Measurements Final Data Report Title Joint Urban 2003: Indoor Measurements Final Data Report Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2004 Authors...

418

Rooted in Wonder: Joint Genome Institute Study Reveals Amazing...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rooted in Wonder: Joint Genome Institute Study Reveals Amazing World Underfoot Rooted in Wonder: Joint Genome Institute Study Reveals Amazing World Underfoot August 13, 2012 -...

419

National Report Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

National Report Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management National Report Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent...

420

Secretary Bodman, Director Rumyantsev Issue Joint Statement on...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bodman, Director Rumyantsev Issue Joint Statement on Bratislava Nuclear Security Initiatives Secretary Bodman, Director Rumyantsev Issue Joint Statement on Bratislava Nuclear...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Joint Maintenance Status Report of Potomac Electric Power Company...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Joint Maintenance Status Report of Potomac Electric Power Company amd PJM Interconnection, LLC Joint Maintenance Status Report of Potomac Electric Power Company amd PJM...

422

Application of High Performance Computing to the DOE Joint Genomic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Application of High Performance Computing to the DOE Joint Genomic Institute's Data Challenges January 25-26, 2010 DOE Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, CA USA -by invitation...

423

US - Brazil Binational Energy Working Group Joint Action Plan...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

US - Brazil Binational Energy Working Group Joint Action Plan US - Brazil Binational Energy Working Group Joint Action Plan brazilactionplan7202010.pdf More Documents &...

424

LLNL scientists find precipitation, global warming link  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 For immediate release: 11/11/2013 | NR-13-11-04 Lawrence Livermore scientists have found that observed changes in global precipitation are directly affected by human activities. LLNL scientists find precipitation, global warming link Anne M Stark, LLNL, (925) 422-9799, stark8@llnl.gov LIVERMORE, Calif. -- The rain in Spain may lie mainly on the plain, but the location and intensity of that rain is changing not only in Spain but around the globe. A new study by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists shows that observed changes in global (ocean and land) precipitation are directly affected by human activities and cannot be explained by natural variability alone. The research appears in the Nov. 11 online edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

425

Joint Electrical Utilities (Iowa) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Joint Electrical Utilities (Iowa) Joint Electrical Utilities (Iowa) Joint Electrical Utilities (Iowa) < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Iowa Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Iowa Utilities Board Cities may establish utilities to acquire existing electric generating facilities or distribution systems. Acquisition, in this statute, is defined as city involvement, and includes purchase, lease, construction, reconstruction, extension, remodeling, improvement, repair, and equipping of the facility. This chapter does not limit the powers or authority of

426

Nome Joint Utility Systems | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Joint Utility Systems Joint Utility Systems Jump to: navigation, search Name Nome Joint Utility Systems Place Alaska Utility Id 13642 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location AK Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Electrical Charge Residential Power Cost Equalization Average Rates Residential: $0.3600/kWh Commercial: $0.3310/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Nome_Joint_Utility_Systems&oldid=411195

427

Joint Genome Institute (JGI) Projects at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Joint Genome Institute Joint Genome Institute (JGI) Joint Genome Institute (JGI) nicole-illumina-flowcell.jpg Key Challenges: Ensuring that there is a robust computational infrastructure for managing, storing and gleaning scientific insights from the torrent of data that constantly flows from the advanced sequencing platforms at the Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (JGI). JGI sequencing capacity exceeds 40 billion DNA base pairs per year and is growing at a rate that exceeds computer hardware improvements, with exponential increases in computation and storage needed. JGI will generate about 1 petabyte of data in their first year as a NERSC partner; this is expected to double each year. Why it Matters: JGI is the primary production sequencing facility for the DOE. By revealing the genetic blueprint and fundamental principles that

428

Climate Leaders Joint Venture | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Leaders Joint Venture Leaders Joint Venture Jump to: navigation, search Name Climate Leaders' Joint Venture Place Dallas, Texas Product Tudor Investment and Camco International have partnered to create Climate Leaders' Joint Venture. They will have inital working capital of USD 10m, with Camco owning 60%. Coordinates 32.778155°, -96.795404° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.778155,"lon":-96.795404,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

429

ELEMENTS OF JOINT DESIGN FOR WELDING  

SciTech Connect

The design of joints which are to be fusion welded by any of the arc or gas processes is discussed. The designs are applicable to either manual or machine welding. (A.C.)

Koopman, K.H.

1958-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Predictability of Seasonal Precipitation Using Joint Probabilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper tests whether seasonal mean precipitation is predictable using a new method that estimates and analyzes joint probabilities. The new estimation method is to partition the globe into boxes, pool all data within the box to estimate a ...

M. Tugrul Yilmaz; Timothy DelSole

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

The Joint Airport Weather Studies Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Joint Airport Weather Studies (JAWS) Project will investigate the microburst event, having 2–10 km spatial and 2–10 min temporal scales, at Denver's Stapleton International Airport during the summer of 1982. JAWS applications and technology ...

John McCarthy; James W. Wilson; T. Theodore Fujita

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

PNNL Global Energy Technology Strategy Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Technology Strategy Program Technology Strategy Program Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Global Energy Technology Strategy Program Name Global Energy Technology Strategy Program Agency/Company /Organization Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Sector Energy Website http://www.pnl.gov/gtsp/ References Global Energy Technology Strategy Program [1] "Since its inception in 1998, the Global Energy Technology Strategy Program (GTSP) has been assessing the important roles that technology can play in effectively managing the long-term risks of climate change. This involves an integrated approach to fully exploring all aspects of climate change - including scientific, economic, regulatory, and social impacts - and then aligning new or existing technologies to mitigate negative consequences.[1]

433

JOINT COMMUNICATIONS ELECTRONICS OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS References: a. DODD 5230.11, “Disclosure of Classified Military Information to Foreign  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the planning, coordination and production of the joint communicationselectronics operating instruction (JCEOI). 2. Cancellation. CJCSI 3320.03, 23 September 2002, is canceled. 3. Applicability. This instruction applies to the Joint Staff, Services, unified commands, US elements of combined commands, Defense agencies and joint activities. 4. Policy. To facilitate a more seamless transition into a combined and/or joint operational environment, the Services, Defense agencies and joint activities are encouraged to incorporate the described policies and procedures into their unique contingency operations, training and exercises. a. All unified combatant commands and the US elements of combined commands are directed to develop and use a JCEOI to support contingency operations, training and exercises. b. The JCEOI offers some degree of communications security (COMSEC) protection by changing call signs, call words and frequencies on a daily basis. 2 CJCSI 3320.03A

International Organizations

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Implementation of global energy sustainability  

SciTech Connect

The term energy sustainability emerged from the UN Conference on Environment and Development in Rio 1992, when Agenda 21 was formulated and the Global Energy Charter proclaimed. Emission reductions, total energy costing, improved energy efficiency, and sustainable energy systems are the four fundamental principles of the charter. These principles can be implemented in the proposed financial, legal, technical, and education framework. Much has been done in many countries toward the implementation of the Global Energy Charter, but progress has not been fast enough to ease the disastrous effects of the too many ill-conceived energy systems on the environment, climate, and health. Global warming is accelerating, and pollution is worsening, especially in developing countries with their hunger for energy to meet the needs of economic development. Asian cities are now beating all pollution records, and greenhouse gases are visibly changing the climate with rising sea levels, retracting glaciers, and record weather disasters. This article presents why and how energy investments and research money have to be rechanneled into sustainable energy, rather than into the business-as-usual of depleting, unsustainable energy concepts exceeding one trillion dollars per year. This largest of all investment sectors needs much more attention.

Grob, G.R. [CMDC, Zurich (Switzerland)

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Joint sets that enhance production from Middle and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E&P NOTE Joint sets that enhance production from Middle and Upper Devonian gas shales joint sets (J1 and J2 sets) as observed in outcrop, core, and borehole images. These joints formed close thermal matura- tion of organic matter. When present together, earlier J1 joints are crosscut by later J2

Engelder, Terry

436

NRDC and Sierra Club Joint Petition November 14, 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 NRDC and Sierra Club Joint Petition November 14, 2011 JOINT PETITION OF THE NATURAL RESOURCES the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) and Sierra Club jointly file this petition to request;2 NRDC and Sierra Club Joint Petition November 14, 2011 SB 1368 was signed into law on September 29, 2006

437

Qualification of the Joints for ITER Central Solenoid  

SciTech Connect

The ITER Central Solenoid has 36 interpancake joints, 12 bus joints, and 12 feeder joints in the magnet. The joints are required to have resistance below 4 nOhm at 45 kA at 4.5 K. The US ITER Project Office developed two different types of interpancake joints with some variations in details in order to find a better design, qualify the joints, and establish a fabrication process. We built and tested four samples of the sintered joints and two samples with butt-bonded joints (a total of eight joints). Both designs met the specifications. Results of the joint development, test results, and selection of the baseline design are presented and discussed in the paper.

Martovetsky, Nicolai N [ORNL; Berryhill, Adam B [Cryomagnetics, Inc.; Kenney, Steven J [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Joint spacing criterion for equivalent continuum model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Currently, the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project is investigating the feasibility of the disposal of high-level radioactive waste in the unsaturated Topopah Spring formation. The Topopah Spring formation is a heavily fractured, predominantly vertically jointed, welded tuff, and the potential disposal area is cut by the Ghost Dance fault and bounded by several other faults structures. The joints in the tuff and the faults may have an impact on the emplacement drift or borehole stability, as well as on the movement of fluids through the rock mass. The design of the repository drifts and layout, the waste emplacement scheme, and the thermomechanical performance of the rock mass will be analyzed using various numerical models. These models may be based on different assumptions regarding the representation of the fracture behavior under given applied stresses, and will range from discrete models where individual mechanically active fractures are treated distinctly, to continuum models where the joint behavior is smeared over a representative volume. There is always the question of applicability of a model with respect to a given material domain to be analyzed. For the mechanical analysis of the rock mass response around a repository drift, the applicability of an equivalent continuum model is dependent on the joint spacing in the rock mass. Considering the joint spacings that may be encountered at the potential repository site, a ratio of joint spacing to the planned drift diameter may be adopted as a criterion for evaluating the applicability of the Compliant Joint Model (CJM) in the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project. In this paper, this criterion is established by reviewing basic continuum concepts and numerical approximation implications used to build the CJM and by examining rock mass conditions that may be encountered at the potential Yucca Mountain repository site.

Tsai, F.C.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

439

Global Renewable Power International Global RPI | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RPI) Place Spain Sector Wind energy Product Spain-based developer of wind projects in Poland, Croatia and Chile. References Global Renewable Power International (Global RPI)1...

440

OpenEI Community - climate change  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

http:en.openei.orgcommunitytaxonomyterm1730 en U.S. Global Change Research Program publishes "National Climate Assessment" report for United States http:en.openei.org...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Live from the Clinton Global Initiative | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

from the Clinton Global Initiative from the Clinton Global Initiative Live from the Clinton Global Initiative September 21, 2010 - 1:00pm Addthis John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this project do? We're partnering with the Clinton Global Initiative and other NGOs to bring clean-burning cookstoves to the developing world. Today Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton formally announced the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, a new public-private initiative to create a thriving global market for clean and efficient household cooking solutions that will save lives, improve livelihoods and combat climate change. Secretary Clinton outlined partnership and financial commitments of the Alliance as part of the Clinton Global Initiative's annual meeting.

442

Regional and Global Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Products > Regional/Global Products > Regional/Global Regional and Global Data Biogeochemical Dynamics Data Regional and global biogeochemical dynamics data can be used to improve our understanding of the structure and function of various ecosystems; to enable prediction across spatial and temporal scales; and to parameterize and validate terrestrial ecosystem models. The ORNL DAAC compiles, archives, and distributes more than 150 products from the following projects: Climate Collections Hydroclimatology Collections ISLSCP II Project Net Primary Productivity (NPP) River Discharge (RIVDIS) Russian Land Cover (RLC) Soil Collections Vegetation Collections Vegetation-Ecosystem Modeling (VEMAP) Climate Collections Climate collections include measured and modeled values for variables such as temperature, precipitation, humidity, radiation, wind velocity, and

443

Pax Global, Inc.,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pax Global, Inc., Pax Global, Inc., (freezers) Issued: April 2, 2013 BEFORE THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Washington, D.C. 20585 ) ) ) ) ) Case Number: 2013-SE-L413 NOTICE OF NONCOMPLIANCE DETERMINATION Manufacturers and private labelers are prohibited from distributing covered products in the United States that do not comply with applicable federal energy conservation standards. 10 C.F.R. § 429.102; 42 U.S.C. § 6302. Pax Global, Inc. ("Pax Global") is a private labeler and uses the "Crosley" and "Daewoo" brands to distribute freezers in the United States. TESTING l. The U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE") tested four privately labeled units o basic model numbe , manufactured , 1 that had been distributed in the United States by a third-pa1iy private labeler.

444

The Global Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper puts forward the vision that a natural future stage of the electricity network could be a grid spanning the whole planet and connecting most of the large power plants in the world: this is the "Global Grid". The main driving force behind the Global Grid will be the harvesting of remote renewable sources, and its key infrastructure element will be the high capacity long transmission lines. Wind farms and solar power plants will supply load centers with green power over long distances. This paper focusses on the introduction of the concept, showing that a globally interconnected network can be technologically feasible and economically competitive. We further highlight the multiple opportunities emerging from a global electricity network such as smoothing the renewable energy supply and electricity demand, reducing the need for bulk storage, and reducing the volatility of the energy prices. We also discuss possible investment mechanisms and operating schemes. Among others, we envision in such a system...

Chatzivasileiadis, Spyros; Andersson, Göran

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Estimated Global Hydrographic Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An estimate is made of the three-dimensional global oceanic temperature and salinity variability, omitting the seasonal cycle, both as a major descriptive element of the ocean circulation and for use in the error estimates of state estimation. ...

Gaël Forget; Carl Wunsch

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

KRFTWRK – Global Human Electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Power Network 2.1.1 Virtual Power Plants The Global Powernetwork, based on "Virtual Power Plants", called "VPP". A "participant runs a virtual human power plant. Per every "

Prohaska, Rainer

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Global Ocean Meridional Overturning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A decade-mean global ocean circulation is estimated using inverse techniques, incorporating air–sea fluxes of heat and freshwater, recent hydrographic sections, and direct current measurements. This information is used to determine mass, heat, ...

Rick Lumpkin; Kevin Speer

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Global Warming, Soot, Ice  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Warming, Soot, Ice Speaker(s): James Hansen Date: November 7, 2003 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Irreversible "dangerous anthropogenic interference" with the climate system...

449

Earth's Global Energy Budget  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An update is provided on the Earth's global annual mean energy budget in the light of new observations and analyses. In 1997, Kiehl and Trenberth provided a review of past estimates and performed a number of radiative computations to better ...

Kevin E. Trenberth; John T. Fasullo; Jeffrey Kiehl

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

China's Global Oil Strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

21, 2008. Ying, Wang. “ China, Venezuela firms to co-developoilfields. ” China Daily (27 August 2005) http://David and Bi Jianhai. “China’s Global Hunt for Energy. ”

Thomas, Bryan G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

China's Global Oil Strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nations began to seek out oil reserves around the world. 3on the limited global oil reserves and spiking prices. Manyto the largest proven oil reserves, making up 61 percent of

Thomas, Bryan G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Regional Climates in the GISS Global Circulation Model: Synoptic-Scale Circulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Model simulations of global climate change are seen as an essential component of any program at understanding human impact on the global environment. A major weakness of current general circulation models (GCMs), however, is their perceived ...

B. Hewitson; R. G. Crane

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Human effects on the global atmosphere  

SciTech Connect

This review considers whether human activities can significantly change important functions of the global atmosphere by altering the amount or distribution of certain trace species. It deals with three specific topics: stratopheric ozone, the role of species other than carbon dioxide on the greenhouse effect, and certain recently recognized atmospheric consequences of a large scale nuclear war. 64 references, 10 figures, 2 tables.

Johnston, H.S.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

explore globally | engage locally 2007 ANNUAL REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CONNECTICUT NEW JERSEY NEW YORK CITY MARYLAND DELAWARE PENNSYLVANIA WASHINGTON DC WEST VIRGINIA VIRGINIA WASHINGTON HAWAII ALASKA 409TRAVELING EXHIBITION SERVICE VENUES 24.2MILLION MUSEUM VISITS 156AFFILIATE of tropical rain forests shows the impact of global climate change and highlights our extraordinary potential

Mathis, Wayne N.

456

Qualification of the Joints for the ITER Central Solenoid  

SciTech Connect

The ITER Central Solenoid has 36 interpancake joints, 12 bus joints, and 12 feeder joints in the magnet. The joints are required to have resistance below 4 nOhm at 45 kA at 4.5 K. The US ITER Project Office developed two different types of interpancake joints with some variations in details in order to find a better design, qualify the joints, and establish a fabrication process. We built and tested four samples of the sintered joints and two samples with butt-bonded joints (a total of eight joints). Both designs met the specifications. Results of the joint development, test results, and selection of the baseline design are presented and discussed in the paper. The ITER Central Solenoid (CS) consists of six modules. Each module is composed of six wound hexapancakes and one quadrapancake. The multipancakes are connected electrically and hydraulically by in-line interpancake joints. The joints are located at the outside diameter (OD) of the module. Cable in conduit conductor (CICC) high-current joints are critical elements in the CICC magnets. In addition to low resistivity, the CS joints must fit a space envelope equivalent to the regular conductor cross section and must have low hydraulic impedance and enough structural strength to withstand the hoop and compressive forces during operation, including cycling. This paper is the continuation of the work reported on the intermodule joints.

Martovetsky, N; Berryhill, A; Kenney, S

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

The United States' Department of Energy and the People's Republic of China's Chinese Academy of Sciences Joint Research on the Greenhouse Effect  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The United States Department of Energy and the People's Republic of China (PRC) Chinese Academy of Sciences signed an agreement on 19 August 1987 to carry out a joint research program on the study of CO2-induced climate changes. The joint program ...

F. A. Koomanoff; M. R. Riches; Ye Duzheng; Zhao Jianping; W-C. Wang; Tao Shiyan

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Handbook on dynamics of jointed structures.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problem of understanding and modeling the complicated physics underlying the action and response of the interfaces in typical structures under dynamic loading conditions has occupied researchers for many decades. This handbook presents an integrated approach to the goal of dynamic modeling of typical jointed structures, beginning with a mathematical assessment of experimental or simulation data, development of constitutive models to account for load histories to deformation, establishment of kinematic models coupling to the continuum models, and application of finite element analysis leading to dynamic structural simulation. In addition, formulations are discussed to mitigate the very short simulation time steps that appear to be required in numerical simulation for problems such as this. This handbook satisfies the commitment to DOE that Sandia will develop the technical content and write a Joints Handbook. The content will include: (1) Methods for characterizing the nonlinear stiffness and energy dissipation for typical joints used in mechanical systems and components. (2) The methodology will include practical guidance on experiments, and reduced order models that can be used to characterize joint behavior. (3) Examples for typical bolted and screw joints will be provided.

Ames, Nicoli M.; Lauffer, James P.; Jew, Michael D.; Segalman, Daniel Joseph; Gregory, Danny Lynn; Starr, Michael James; Resor, Brian Ray

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Strengthening Public-Private Partnerships to Accelerate Global Electricity  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Strengthening Public-Private Partnerships to Accelerate Global Electricity Strengthening Public-Private Partnerships to Accelerate Global Electricity Technology Deployment Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Strengthening Public-Private Partnerships to Accelerate Global Electricity Technology Deployment Agency/Company /Organization: e8, UN-Energy, US Energy Association and World Energy Council Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Phase: Bring the Right People Together, Create a Vision, Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Prepare a Plan Topics: - Energy Access, Finance Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Website Website: www.globalelectricity.org/upload/File/Summit%20Meeting/NY%202011/e8-UN Cost: Free Language: English The focus of the initiative is to jointly identify the most effective and

460

DOE Announces International Agreement on Global Science Online Gateway |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

International Agreement on Global Science Online International Agreement on Global Science Online Gateway DOE Announces International Agreement on Global Science Online Gateway June 12, 2008 - 1:30pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced the establishment of a multilateral alliance to govern the rapidly growing online gateway to international scientific research information--WorldWideScience.org. Officials from organizations representing 38 countries formalized their commitment today in Seoul, Korea, by signing a WorldWideScience Alliance agreement to sustain and build upon joint efforts to provide a single, sophisticated point of access for diverse scientific resources and expertise from nations around the world. "WorldWideScience.org is already a wonderful tool for communication,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

DOE Announces International Agreement on Global Science Online Gateway |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Announces International Agreement on Global Science Online Announces International Agreement on Global Science Online Gateway DOE Announces International Agreement on Global Science Online Gateway June 12, 2008 - 1:30pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced the establishment of a multilateral alliance to govern the rapidly growing online gateway to international scientific research information--WorldWideScience.org. Officials from organizations representing 38 countries formalized their commitment today in Seoul, Korea, by signing a WorldWideScience Alliance agreement to sustain and build upon joint efforts to provide a single, sophisticated point of access for diverse scientific resources and expertise from nations around the world. "WorldWideScience.org is already a wonderful tool for communication,

462

Southern hemisphere tropical cyclone intensity forecast methods used at the Joint Typhoon Warning Center, Part II: statistical – dynamical forecasts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The development and performance of a statistical- dynamical tropical cyclone intensity forecast model, which was developed for the United States of America’s Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC), is described. This model, called the Southern Hemisphere Statistical Typhoon Intensity Prediction Scheme (SH STIPS), mirrors similar capabilities created for use in the western North Pacific and North Indian Ocean tropical cyclone basins. The model is created by fitting an optimal combination of factors related to climatology and persistence, intensification potential, vertical wind shear, dynamic size/intensity forecasts and atmospheric stability. All of these factors except the climatology and persistence information are derived from global forecast model analyses and forecasts. In July 2005 the SH STIPS model began a real-time evaluation period. The forecasts from the SH STIPS model have outperformed the combined climatology and persistence based forecast and thus are skillful in independent testing since that time. Since October 2006, SH STIPS has been the primary member in an operational consensus forecast of tropical cyclone intensity change provided to the JTWC. Documentation

John A. Knaff; Charles R. Sampson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

DOE Joint Genome Institute: Model Microbial Community for Studying  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

October 22, 2009 October 22, 2009 Model Microbial Community for Studying Expanding Dead Zones Characterized WALNUT CREEK, CA-Among the many changes in the ocean is the expansion of oxygen-deficient or oxygen minimum zones (OMZs), also known as dead zones, which affect the processes by which carbon is captured and sequestered on the seafloor and alter the microbial activities that impact the rate and magnitude of ocean carbon sequestration. Despite the importance of these effects, very little is known about the metabolism of OMZ microbes and how they respond to environmental changes. In the Oct. 23 issue of the journal Science, researchers from the University of British Columbia and the U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI) describe the metagenome of an abundant but

464

Order and disorder in columnar joints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Columnar joints are three-dimensional fracture networks that form in cooling basalt and several other media. The network organizes itself into ordered, mostly hexagonal columns. The same pattern can be observed on a smaller scale in desiccating starch. We show how surface boundary conditions in the desiccation of starch affect the formation of columnar joints. Under constant drying power conditions, we find a power law dependence of columnar cross-sectional area with depth, while under constant drying rate conditions this coarsening is eventually halted. Discontinuous transitions in pattern scale can be observed under constant external conditions, which may prompt a reinterpretation of similar transitions found in basalt. Starch patterns are statistically similar to those found in basalt, suggesting that mature columnar jointing patterns contain inherent residual disorder, but are statistically scale invariant.

Lucas Goehring; Stephen W. Morris

2005-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

465

Global biofuel drive raises risk of eviction for African farmers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global biofuel drive raises risk of eviction for African farmers African farmers risk being forced from their lands by investors or government projects as global demand for biofuels encourages changes at risk if African farmland is turned over to growing crops for biofuel. With growing pressure to find

466

Secretary Chu to Focus on Opportunities for Global Cooperation...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

in Rome from May 23-25. Secretary Chu will meet with top energy leaders from around the world to address global energy security and climate change challenges. During the meeting,...

467

Global Water Availability and Requirements for Future Food Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study compares, spatially explicitly and at global scale, per capita water availability and water requirements for food production presently (1971–2000) and in the future given climate and population change (2070–99). A vegetation and ...

D. Gerten; J. Heinke; H. Hoff; H. Biemans; M. Fader; K. Waha

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Rising Sea Levels Due to Global Warming Are Unstoppable  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Related to Global Temperature versus Sea Level Rise," Nature Climate Change 2, 576-580 (2012), doi:10.1038nclimate1529. About NERSC and Berkeley Lab The National Energy Research...

469

Unintended Environmental Consequences of a Global Biofuels Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biofuels are being promoted as an important part of the global energy mix to meet the climate change challenge. The environmental costs of biofuels produced with current technologies at small scales have been studied, but ...

Melillo, Jerry M.

470

Space and Time Scales of Global Tropospheric Moisture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radiosonde data from a global 118-station network are used to determine the spatial and temporal scales of variability of tropospheric water vapor. Various sources of possible error and bias in the data are analyzed. Changes in instrumentation at ...

Dian J. Gaffen; Tim P. Barnett; William P. Elliott

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

The Mass of the Atmosphere: A Constraint on Global Analyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The total mass of the atmosphere varies mainly from changes in water vapor loading; the former is proportional to global mean surface pressure and the water vapor component is computed directly from specific humidity and precipitable water using ...

Kevin E. Trenberth; Lesley Smith

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

WATCH: Current Knowledge of the Terrestrial Global Water Cycle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Water-related impacts are among the most important consequences of increasing greenhouse gas concentrations. Changes in the global water cycle will also impact the carbon and nutrient cycles and vegetation patterns. There is already some evidence ...

Richard Harding; Martin Best; Eleanor Blyth; Stefan Hagemann; Pavel Kabat; Lena M. Tallaksen; Tanya Warnaars; David Wiberg; Graham P. Weedon; Henny van Lanen; Fulco Ludwig; Ingjerd Haddeland

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum Air Pollutant Emission Inventory | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum Air Pollutant Emission Inventory Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum Air Pollutant Emission Inventory Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Global Atmospheric Pollution (GAP) Forum Air Pollutant Emission Inventory Agency/Company /Organization: BOC foundation, U.S. Environment Protection Agency (EPA) and Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) Complexity/Ease of Use: Moderate Website: sei-international.org/rapidc/gapforum/html/emissions-manual.php Cost: Free Related Tools Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum Air Pollutant Emission Inventory World Induced Technical Change Hybrid (WITCH) Energy Development Index (EDI) ... further results Find Another Tool FIND DEVELOPMENT IMPACTS ASSESSMENT TOOLS A manual that provides formulation of methods and assessment of good

474

The 7. global warming international conference and expo: Abstracts  

SciTech Connect

This conference was held April 1--3, 1996 in Vienna, Austria. The purpose of this conference was to provide a multidisciplinary forum for exchange of state-of-the-art information on global warming. Topics of interest include the following: global and regional natural resource management; energy, transportation, minerals and natural resource management; industrial technology and greenhouse gas emission; strategies for the mitigation of greenhouse gas emission; greenhouse gas production/utilization and carbon budgets; strategies for promoting the understanding of global change; international policy strategy and economics; and global warming and public health. Individual papers have been processed separately for inclusion in the appropriate data bases.

NONE

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

475

Principal Associate Director - Global Security  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Principal Associate Director - Global Security Principal Associate Director - Global Security As Principal Associate Director for Global Security, Wallace leads Laboratory programs with special focus on developing and applying the scientific and engineering capabilities to address complex national and global security threats. Contact Operator Los Alamos National Laboratory (505 667-5061 Wallace's expertise is forensic seismology, a highly specialized discipline focusing on detection and quantification of nuclear tests. Terry C. Wallace, Jr. Principal Associate Director for Global Security Terry C. Wallace, Jr., Principal Associate Director for Global Security As Principal Associate Director for Global Security, Wallace leads Laboratory programs with a focus on applying scientific and engineering capabilities

476

global | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

global global Dataset Summary Description GIS data for offshore wind speed (meters/second). Specified to Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ).Wind resource based on NOAA blended sea winds and monthly wind speed at 30km resolution, using a 0.11 wind sheer to extrapolate 10m - 90m. Annual average >= 10 months of data, no nulls. Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords GIS global NOAA NREL offshore wind wind speed Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 18.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Other or unspecified, see optional comment below Comment Please cite NREL and NOAA Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata

477

Joint unsupervised structure discovery and information extraction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present JUDIE (Joint Unsupervised Structure Discovery and Information Extraction), a new method for automatically extracting semi-structured data records in the form of continuous text (e.g., bibliographic citations, postal addresses, ... Keywords: data management, information extraction, text segmentation

Eli Cortez; Daniel Oliveira; Altigran S. da Silva; Edleno S. de Moura; Alberto H.F. Laender

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Applications of explosion-welded transition joints  

SciTech Connect

Explosion welding is presented as an alternate process of joining dissimilar metals. The process is compared with brazing, the most appropriate process for comparison, and the bond zone obtained through explosion welding is characterized. Several applications are described where transition joints were made from explosion-bonded dissimilar-metal combinations for subsequent assembly through fusion welding.

Popoff, A.A.; Casey, H.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Temperbead Qualification: Joint P3 Weld Qualification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report outlines the procedure qualification for a new temperbead weld repair. After an initial failed qualification, the EPRI Repair and Replacement Applications Center (RRAC) teamed with Calvert Cliffs Nuclear Power Plant to perform a joint procedure qualification and, in doing so, assisted the industry by enabling general use of the new weld procedure.

2002-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

480

Joint resummation for heavy quark production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present joint threshold and recoil resummed transverse momentum distributions for heavy quark hadroproduction, at next-to-leading logarithmic accuracy. We study the dependence of these distributions on the production channel, the color configurations and the differences with the pure threshold-resummed distribution.

Andrea Banfi; Eric Laenen

2004-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

The Joint Center for Satellite Data Assimilation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Joint Center for Satellite Data Assimilation (JCSDA) was established by NASA and NOAA in 2001, with Department of Defense (DoD) agencies becoming partners in 2002. The goal of JCSDA is to accelerate the use of observations from Earth-orbiting ...

John Le Marshall; Louis Uccellini; Franco Einaudi; Lars-Peters Riishojgaard; Marie Colton; Fuzhong Weng; James G. Yoe; Simon Chang; Patricia Phoebus; Michael Uhart; Stephen Lord

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Jointly organised by HKU CIVIL ENGRG. DEPT.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SEMINAR Jointly organised by and HKU CIVIL ENGRG. DEPT. Centre for Infrastructure and Construction men first walked on the moon yet, in this age of rapid technological development, we persist in undertaking the task of installing and maintaining our underground utility services using what is essentially

Tam, Vincent W. L.

483

JOINT DEGREE PROGRAM LEADING TO THE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

programs prior to beginning their graduate work. If a student decides to enter the combined program after with advanced work may be admitted to the Graduate School through the Graduate Program in Urban PlanningJOINT DEGREE PROGRAM LEADING TO THE MASTER OF URBAN PLANNING AND MASTER OF ARTS IN GEOGRAPHY DEGREE

Peterson, Blake R.

484

Joint Distributions for Interacting Fluid Queues  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motivated by recent traffic control models in ATM systems, we analyse three closely related systems of fluid queues, each consisting of two consecutive reservoirs, in which the first reservoir is fed by a two-state (on and off) Markov source. The first ... Keywords: feedback, fluid queue, joint distribution, stationary distribution, tandem queue, traffic shaper

Dirk P. Kroese; Werner R. W. Scheinhardt

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Biotic prognostications: Global warming and biological diversity  

SciTech Connect

This book focuses on the impacts of the greenhouse effect on biological diversity and on natural ecosystems. Included are chapters which include the following topics: government attitudes to climate change problems; general conclusions and deficiencies of general circulation models; impacts of past climate changes on global biota; effects of climate on vegetation, soils, wildlife diversity, animal physiology, ecology, behavior, migration, and parasites and diseases; arctic mariene ecosystems and coasta marine zones; tropical forests; arctic tundra; western North American forests, etc.; indirect linkages and snyergisms among climate change, biodiversity, geosphere, and anthropogenic stresses.

Peters, R.L.; Lovejoy, T.E. [eds.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

486

Variation in joint fluid composition and its effect on the tribology of replacement joint articulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Polyethylene wear is a significant clinical problem limiting the long-term survival of joint replacement prostheses, particularly in total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Although the tribology ...

Mazzucco, Daniel Clarke, 1976-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

DOE Joint Genome Institute 2008 Progress Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While initially a virtual institute, the driving force behind the creation of the DOE Joint Genome Institute in Walnut Creek, California in the Fall of 1999 was the Department of Energy's commitment to sequencing the human genome. With the publication in 2004 of a trio of manuscripts describing the finished 'DOE Human Chromosomes', the Institute successfully completed its human genome mission. In the time between the creation of the Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI) and completion of the Human Genome Project, sequencing and its role in biology spread to fields extending far beyond what could be imagined when the Human Genome Project first began. Accordingly, the targets of the DOE JGI's sequencing activities changed, moving from a single human genome to the genomes of large numbers of microbes, plants, and other organisms, and the community of users of DOE JGI data similarly expanded and diversified. Transitioning into operating as a user facility, the DOE JGI modeled itself after other DOE user facilities, such as synchrotron light sources and supercomputer facilities, empowering the science of large numbers of investigators working in areas of relevance to energy and the environment. The JGI's approach to being a user facility is based on the concept that by focusing state-of-the-art sequencing and analysis capabilities on the best peer-reviewed ideas drawn from a broad community of scientists, the DOE JGI will effectively encourage creative approaches to DOE mission areas and produce important science. This clearly has occurred, only partially reflected in the fact that the DOE JGI has played a major role in more than 45 papers published in just the past three years alone in Nature and Science. The involvement of a large and engaged community of users working on important problems has helped maximize the impact of JGI science. A seismic technological change is presently underway at the JGI. The Sanger capillary-based sequencing process that dominated how sequencing was done in the last decade is being replaced by a variety of new processes and sequencing instruments. The JGI, with an increasing number of next-generation sequencers, whose throughput is 100- to 1,000-fold greater than the Sanger capillary-based sequencers, is increasingly focused in new directions on projects of scale and complexity not previously attempted. These new directions for the JGI come, in part, from the 2008 National Research Council report on the goals of the National Plant Genome Initiative as well as the 2007 National Research Council report on the New Science of Metagenomics. Both reports outline a crucial need for systematic large-scale surveys of the plant and microbial components of the biosphere as well as an increasing need for large-scale analysis capabilities to meet the challenge of converting sequence data into knowledge. The JGI is extensively discussed in both reports as vital to progress in these fields of major national interest. JGI's future plan for plants and microbes includes a systematic approach for investigation of these organisms at a scale requiring the special capabilities of the JGI to generate, manage, and analyze the datasets. JGI will generate and provide not only community access to these plant and microbial datasets, but also the tools for analyzing them. These activities will produce essential knowledge that will be needed if we are to be able to respond to the world's energy and environmental challenges. As the JGI Plant and Microbial programs advance, the JGI as a user facility is also evolving. The Institute has been highly successful in bending its technical and analytical skills to help users solve large complex problems of major importance, and that effort will continue unabated. The JGI will increasingly move from a central focus on 'one-off' user projects coming from small user communities to much larger scale projects driven by systematic and problem-focused approaches to selection of sequencing targets. Entire communities of scientists working in a particular field, such as feeds

Gilbert, David

2009-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

488

Wanted: Global Clean Energy Partners | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wanted: Global Clean Energy Partners Wanted: Global Clean Energy Partners Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 24 February, 2010 - 13:51 imported OpenEI Global climate change. Global sustainability. Global economic development. There's no doubt about it-if the nations of the world are going to solve the most pressing environmental, energy, and economic problems, we must do it together. OpenEI's International Clean Energy Analysis gateway fosters this cooperation by providing global clean energy data, analytical tools, training, and other resources in a dynamic, interactive environment. As a collaborative initiative of the U.S. Department of Energy, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, and United Nations Industrial Development

489

Integrated Model to Access the Global Environment | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Integrated Model to Access the Global Environment Integrated Model to Access the Global Environment Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP green logo.png FIND MORE DIA TOOLS This tool is part of the Development Impacts Assessment (DIA) Toolkit from the LEDS Global Partnership. Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Integrated Model to Access the Global Environment (IMAGE) Agency/Company /Organization: PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency Focus Area: Biomass Complexity/Ease of Use: Advanced Website: themasites.pbl.nl/en/themasites/image/index.html Cost: Paid Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/integrated-model-access-global-enviro Related Tools ENV-Linkages-KEI Model World Induced Technical Change Hybrid (WITCH) Global Trade and Analysis Project (GTAP) Model ... further results IMAGE is an ecological-environmental framework that simulates the

490

Geoengineering: Plan B Remedy for Global Warming Andrew A. Lacis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Geoengineering: Plan B Remedy for Global Warming Geoengineering: Plan B Remedy for Global Warming Andrew A. Lacis NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies Accelerated melting of Greenland ice is a clear indication that consequences of global warming are real and impending. The underlying causes of global warming are well enough understood, but the necessary reduction of greenhouse gases to prevent irreversible climate change is unlikely to happen before the point of no return is reached. To reverse the impending sea level rise, geoengineering counter- measures may be required to counter the current global energy imbalance due to global warming. Of the many proposed remedies, deploying aerosols within the stratosphere offers realistic prospects. Sulfur injections in the lower stratosphere would have the cooling effect of naturally occurring volcanic aerosols. Soot at

491

PNNL Global Energy Technology Strategy Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Technology Strategy Program Technology Strategy Program (Redirected from Global Energy Technology Strategy Program) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Global Energy Technology Strategy Program Name Global Energy Technology Strategy Program Agency/Company /Organization Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Sector Energy Website http://www.pnl.gov/gtsp/ References Global Energy Technology Strategy Program [1] "Since its inception in 1998, the Global Energy Technology Strategy Program (GTSP) has been assessing the important roles that technology can play in effectively managing the long-term risks of climate change. This involves an integrated approach to fully exploring all aspects of climate change - including scientific, economic, regulatory, and social impacts - and then aligning new or existing technologies to mitigate negative consequences.[1]

492

Addressing the Need for Alternative Transportation Fuels: The Joint BioEnergy Institute  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fuels: The Joint BioEnergy Institute Harvey W. Blanch †,‡,§,¶, * † Joint BioEnergy Institute, ‡ Department of Chemicalbiomass monomers. The Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) is a

Blanch, Harvey

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

PP-82-3 The Joint Owners of the Highgate Interconnection Facilities...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 The Joint Owners of the Highgate Interconnection Facilities PP-82-3 The Joint Owners of the Highgate Interconnection Facilities Presidential Permit authorizing The Joint Owners...

494

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Joint Use of Government Fueling  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Joint Use of Joint Use of Government Fueling Infrastructure to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Joint Use of Government Fueling Infrastructure on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Joint Use of Government Fueling Infrastructure on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Joint Use of Government Fueling Infrastructure on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Joint Use of Government Fueling Infrastructure on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Joint Use of Government Fueling Infrastructure on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Joint Use of Government Fueling Infrastructure on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

495

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Joint Fuel Cell Bus Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Joint Fuel Cell Bus Joint Fuel Cell Bus Workshop to someone by E-mail Share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Joint Fuel Cell Bus Workshop on Facebook Tweet about Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Joint Fuel Cell Bus Workshop on Twitter Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Joint Fuel Cell Bus Workshop on Google Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Joint Fuel Cell Bus Workshop on Delicious Rank Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Joint Fuel Cell Bus Workshop on Digg Find More places to share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Joint Fuel Cell Bus Workshop on AddThis.com... Publications Program Publications Technical Publications Educational Publications Newsletter Program Presentations Multimedia Conferences & Meetings Annual Merit Review Proceedings Workshop & Meeting Proceedings Webinars

496

Evaluation of Pipe-Type Cable Joint Restraint Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Joints in underground transmission pipe-type cables must be designed to accommodate the thermomechanical forces created as a cable heats and cools in operation. This report details an investigation of several joint restraining designs and recommends one design.

1990-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

497

Electric Vehicle Preparedness - Task 2: Identification of Joint...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PROGRAM Electric Vehicle Preparedness Task 2: Identification of Joint Base Lewis McChord Vehicles for Installation of Data Loggers June 2013 Prepared for: Joint Base Lewis McChord...

498

ORISE: Providing Support to the DOE Joint Information Center  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ORISE Provides Support to DOE's Oak Ridge Office Joint Information Center (JIC) In the event of an emergency, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge Office (ORO) Joint...

499

YAKIMA BASIN JOINT BOARD A Partnership of Public Entities Promoting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

YAKIMA BASIN JOINT BOARD A Partnership of Public Entities Promoting the Multiple Uses of the Yakima for the opportunity to comment. Sincerely, Jim Trull, President Yakima Basin Joint Board #12;

500

Dual position locking joint design for a medical walker  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis we analyzed a joint created for a medical walker currently in the prototyping stage of development. The walker is designed to help a user stand up from a seated position. The joint holds two legs of the ...

Beecher, Eric M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z