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1

Joint Global Change Research Institute | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Global Change Research Institute Global Change Research Institute Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Joint Global Change Research Institute Name Joint Global Change Research Institute Agency/Company /Organization Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Pathways analysis Website http://www.globalchange.umd.ed References Global Change Research Institute [1] Abstract The Joint Global Change Research Institute (JGCRI) houses an interdisciplinary team dedicated to understanding the problems of global climate change and their potential solutions. Joint Institute staff bring decades of experience and expertise to bear in science, technology, economics, and policy. "The Joint Global Change Research Institute (JGCRI) houses an

2

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory The Joint Global Change  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pacific Northwest Pacific Northwest National Laboratory The Joint Global Change The Joint Global Change Research Institute Research Institute Nuclear Power and Stabilizing CO 2 Concentrations Jae Edmonds and Sonny Kim Nuclear Energy Research Advisory Committee Meeting April 15 and 16, 2002 Alexandria, VA Pacific Northwest National Laboratory 2 The Joint Global Change The Joint Global Change Research Institute Research Institute CLIMATE CHANGE Pacific Northwest National Laboratory 3 The Joint Global Change The Joint Global Change Research Institute Research Institute CLIMATE CHANGE Multiple gases * CO 2 (fossil fuel, land-use) * CH 4 (rice paddies, ruminant livestock, landfills, coal mining, oil and gas production, incomplete combustion) * N 2 O (nitrogen fertilizers, industrial processes, other??)

3

Climate Models from the Joint Global Change Research Institute  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Staff at the Joint Institute develop and use models to simulate the economic and physical impacts of global change policy options. The GCAM, for example, gives analysts insight into how regional and national economies might respond to climate change mitigation policies including carbon taxes, carbon trading, and accelerated deployment of energy technology. Three available models are Phoenix, GCAM, and EPIC. Phoenix is a global, dynamic recursive, computable general equilibrium model that is solved in five-year time steps from 2005 through 2100 and divides the world into twenty-four regions. Each region includes twenty-six industrial sectors. Particular attention is paid to energy production in Phoenix. There are nine electricity-generating technologies (coal, natural gas, oil, biomass, nuclear, hydro, wind, solar, and geothermal) and four additional energy commodities: crude oil, refined oil products, coal, and natural gas. Phoenix is designed to answer economic questions related to international climate and energy policy and international trade. Phoenix replaces the Second Generation Model (SGM) that was formerly used for general equilibrium analysis at JGCRI. GCAM is the Global Change Assessment Model, a partial equilibrium model of the world with 14 regions. GCAM operates in 5 year time steps from 1990 to 2095 and is designed to examine long-term changes in the coupled energy, agriculture/land-use, and climate system. GCAM includes a 151-region agriculture land-use module and a reduced form carbon cycle and climate module in addition to its incorporation of demographics, resources, energy production and consumption. The model has been used extensively in a number of assessment and modeling activities such as the Energy Modeling Forum (EMF), the U.S. Climate Change Technology Program, and the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and IPCC assessment reports. GCAM is now freely available as a community model. The Environmental Policy Integrated Climate (EPIC) Model is a process-based agricultural systems model composed of simulation components for weather, hydrology, nutrient cycling, pesticide fate, tillage, crop growth, soil erosion, crop and soil management and economics. Staff at PNNL have been involved in the development of this model by integrating new sub-models for soil carbon dynamics and nitrogen cycling.

4

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change The EU's Emissions Trading Scheme on recycled paper #12;1 The EU's Emissions Trading Scheme: A Prototype Global System? Denny Ellerman* Abstract The European Union's Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is the world's first multinational cap- and-trade system

5

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change Future United States Energy Security paper #12;1 Future United States Energy Security Concerns John Deutch Department of Chemistry on fossil fuels and a substantial and growing amount of oil imports. In this paper I will address

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MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change Health Damages from Air Pollution.mit.edu / Printed on recycled paper #12;1 Health Damages from Air Pollution in China Kira Matus* , Kyung-Min Nam levels of urban air pollution result in substantial adverse health impacts for its large and rapidly

7

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a methodology for integrating the health effects from exposure to air pollution into the MIT EmissionsMIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change Economic Benefits of Air Pollution paper #12;1 Economic Benefits of Air Pollution Regulation in the USA: An Integrated Approach Trent Yang

8

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change Is International Emissions Trading://mit.edu/globalchange/ Printed on recycled paper #12;Is International Emissions Trading Always Beneficial? M. Babikerab , J with the emission targets. However, we show that international emission trading could be welfare decreasing under

9

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Global Change Science (CGCS) and the Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research (CEEPR processes of policy development and implementation, climate change research needs to focus on improving of alternative allocations of emissions reductions that do have a plausible ethical basis: equal per capita

10

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Global Change Science (CGCS) and the Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research (CEEPR: 77 Massachusetts Avenue MIT E40-271 Cambridge, MA 02139-4307 (USA) Location: One Amherst Street to addressing climate change which favors employing market mechanisms to help reduce the costs of carrying out

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MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: the Center for Global Change Science (CGCS) and the Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research-profit organizations. To inform processes of policy development and implementation, climate change research needs Room 54-1721, Cambridge, MA 02139. Email: bhuang@wind.mit.edu #12;2 Abstract Sensitivities of the net

12

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

established research centers at MIT: the Center for Global Change Science (CGCS) and the Center for Energy-profit organizations. To inform processes of policy development and implementation, climate change research needs Avenue, Room 54-1721, Cambridge, MA 02139. bhuang@wind.mit.edu. #12;2 Abstract The deep-ocean heat uptake

13

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Global Change Science (CGCS) and the Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research (CEEPR 77 Massachusetts Avenue MIT E40-428 Cambridge MA 02139-4307 (USA) Location: One Amherst Street, with the labor market imperfections, if there were no offsetting policies, the reductions in GNP in the U

14

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Global Change Science (CGCS) and the Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research (CEEPR 77 Massachusetts Avenue MIT E40-428 Cambridge MA 02139-4307 (USA) Location: One Amherst Street of valuing non-market effects, and disagreements about aggregation across rich and poor nations, no single

15

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Stratospheric Zonal-Mean Flow Erwan Monier and Bryan C. Weare Report No. 190 January 2011 #12;The MIT Joint of the Marine Biology Laboratory (MBL) at Woods Hole, and by short- and long-term visitors to the Program Erwan Monier* and Bryan C. Weare Abstract The momentum budget of the Transformed Eulerian-Mean (TEM

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MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Stratospheric Ozone Transport Erwan Monier and Bryan C. Weare Report No. 191 January 2011 #12;The MIT Joint of the Marine Biology Laboratory (MBL) at Woods Hole, and by short- and long-term visitors to the Program Erwan Monier* and Bryan C. Weare Abstract A thorough analysis of the ozone transport was carried out

17

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

consider involves a GHG price of about $15 per ton carbon-equivalent (tce) levied only on the non-CO2 GHGs and held at that level through the century. We estimate that such a policy would reduce the global mean reduction in 2100 if all Annex B Parties except the US maintained it as is through the ce

18

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and environmental effects. In turn, the greenhouse gas and atmospheric aerosol assumptions underlying climate climate change. As a consequence, this method allows Monte Carlo type probabilistic climate forecasts

19

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Projections to Uncertainties in the Estimates of Observed Changes in Deep-Ocean Heat Content A.P. Sokolov, C: (617) 253-9845 E-mail: globalchange@mit.edu Web site: http://mit.edu/globalchange/ Printed on recycled Changes in Deep-Ocean Heat Content A.P. Sokolov* , C.E. Forest and P.H. Stone Abstract The MIT 2D climate

20

Review: Global Climate Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

introduction to global climate change, the greenhouseReview: Global Climate Change: A Primer By Orrin H PilkeyPilkey, Keith C. Global Climate Change: a primer. Durham,

Smith, Jennifer

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Kyoto Protocol and Developing Countries Mustafa Babiker, John M. Reilly and Henry D. Jacoby Report No-profit organizations. To inform processes of policy development and implementation, climate change research needs://web.mit.edu/globalchange/www/ Printed on recycled paper #12;The Kyoto Protocol and Developing Countries Mustafa Babiker, John M. Reilly

22

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Change Science (CGCS) and the Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research (CEEPR). These two/projections for GDP, and total greenhouse gases (GHGs) for 2000 to 2010 stated in terms of millions of tons of carbon that under reference conditions emissions intensity decreases by 1.5% per year, for a total decrease of 14

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MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of carbon pricing have been done outside of the model simulation and have been based on energy expenditure effects within the economic model, we include the effects of changes in capital returns and wages on distribution and find that the effects are significant and work against the expenditure effects. We find

24

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Telephone: (617) 253-7492 Fax: (617) 253-9845 E-mail: globalchange@mit.edu Web site: http://web (climate sensitivity and rate of heat penetration into the deep ocean) by comparing a modelÃ?s response into the deep ocean. Vertical patterns of zonal mean temperature change through the troposphere and lower

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MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Technology Access: Phone: (617) 253-7492 Fax: (617) 253-9845 E-mail: globalchange@mit.edu Web site: http probability density functions (PDF) for climate system properties (climate sensitivity, rate of deep of deep- ocean heat uptake to reproduce the observed temperature changes. The estimated 90% range

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Joint Program Report 146 http://mit.edu/globalchange/www/ MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-scale changes in the U.S. energy system. For example, even with strong growth in wind, solar and other renewable of the solution is the least-cost abatement that might be associated with a highly effective implementation a doubling of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 if no further mitigation measures are implemented. Global

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Global Climate Change Links  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Climate Change Links Global Climate Change Links This page provides links to web pages that we at CDIAC feel do a responsible job of presenting information and discussion pertinent to the science behind the global climate change ("global warming") debate. These sites include those on both sides of the debate; some asserting that global warming is a clear and present danger, and others that might be labeled global warming "skeptics." Some of these sites don't take a position per se; they exist to offer the public objective scientific information and results on our present understanding of the climate system. The list is not intended to be comprehensive, by any means. We hope it will be especially helpful for those who may be just beginning their research into global

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Study Climate and Global Change  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

What We Study How We Study Prepare The Nation For Change Assess the U.S. Climate Make Our Science Accessible Link Climate Change & Health Provide Data and Tools Coordinate Internationally Study Climate and Global Change Print E-mail Deforestation What is global change? "Global change" refers to changes in the global environment that may alter the capacity of the Earth to sustain life. This includes alterations in: Climate Land productivity Oceans or other water resources Atmospheric chemistry Ecological systems Demographic and socioeconomic trends What is global change research? According to the Global Change Research Act of 1990, "Global change research" refers to the study, monitoring, assessment, prediction, and information management activities used to describe and understand the:

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Global Climate Change,Global Climate Change, Land Cover Change, andLand Cover Change, and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Global Climate Change,Global Climate Change, Land Cover Change, andLand Cover Change Changes · Due to ­ Climate Change ­ Land Cover / Land Use Change ­ Interaction of Climate and Land Cover Change · Resolution ­ Space ­ Time Hydro-Climatic Change · Variability vs. Change (Trends) · Point data

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Thinking about global climate change  

SciTech Connect

Opinions regarding issues related to global climate change are presented. The focus is on socioeconomic and historical aspects. World War II is discussed as an intellectual and emotional turning point in global issues, and global climate change is identified as a possible turning point of similar significance. Political, scientific, and public points of view regarding the issue are discussed.

Russell, M. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

31

Conservation and Global Climate Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

V.6 Conservation and Global Climate Change Diane M. Debinski and Molly S. Cross OUTLINE 1. Introduction 2. How climate is changing 3. Environmental responses to climate change 4. Consequences of climate the coming decades will be preserving biodiversity in the face of climate change. It has become increasingly

Landweber, Laura

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Frequently Asked Global Change Questions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Asked Global Change Questions Asked Global Change Questions This page lists global change questions that have been received at CDIAC and the answers that were provided to a diverse audience. If you have a question relating to carbon dioxide and global change and cannot find the answer you need here, you can "Ask Us a Question", and we will be glad to try to help you. Questions Should we grow trees to remove carbon in the atmosphere? What are the present tropospheric concentrations, global warming potentials (100 year time horizon), and atmospheric lifetimes of CO2, CH4, N2O, CFC-11, CFC-12, CFC-113, CCl4, methyl chloroform, HCFC-22, sulphur hexafluoride, trifluoromethyl sulphur pentafluoride, perfluoroethane, and surface ozone? Where can I find information on the naming of halocarbons?

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Educational Global Climate Change Links  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Educational Global Climate Change Links Educational Global Climate Change Links Evidence of the importance of global climate change to the future generation is reflected in the increasing number of queries CDIAC receives from students and educators, from a range of educational levels. We have compiled a listing of some sites that we hope will be of interest and of use to those looking for information, fun, ideas, and ways that they can make a difference. These links were chosen because we have found them useful in responding to those with inquiring minds. These links will take the user outside of CDIAC, and are by no means comprehensive. We are not responsible for the content or intent of these outside links. Tools you can use! NOAA's Global Climate Dashboard - The Global Climate Dashboard is

34

Space sensors for global change  

SciTech Connect

Satellite measurements should contribute to a fuller understanding of the physical processes behind the radiation budget, exchange processes, and global change. Climate engineering requires global observation for early indications of predicted effects, which puts a premium on affordable, distributed constellations of satellites with effective, affordable sensors. Defense has a requirement for continuous global surveillance for warning of aggression, which could evolve from advanced sensors and satellites in development. Many climate engineering needs match those of defense technologies.

Canavan, G.H.

1994-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

35

Global change: Acronyms and abbreviations  

SciTech Connect

This list of acronyms and abbreviations is compiled to provide the user with a ready reference to dicipher the linguistic initialisms and abridgements for the study of global change. The terms included in this first edition were selected from a wide variety of sources: technical reports, policy documents, global change program announcements, newsletters, and other periodicals. The disciplinary interests covered by this document include agriculture, atmospheric science, ecology, environmental science, oceanography, policy science, and other fields. In addition to its availability in hard copy, the list of acronyms and abbreviations is available in DOS-formatted diskettes and through CDIAC`s anonymous File Transfer Protocol (FTP) area on the Internet.

Woodard, C.T. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Stoss, F.W. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Energy, Environment and Resources Center

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

PNNL: Atmospheric Sciences & Global Change - Frontiers in Global Change  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frontiers in Global Change Frontiers in Global Change Dr. Thanos Nenes Dr. Thanos Nenes Aerosol-Cloud Interactions: The Elusive Component of Climate Change Dr. Thanos Nenes Professor & Georgia Power Faculty Scholar, School of Earth & Atmospheric Sciences, School of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA Thursday, August 1, 2013 EMSL Auditorium 10:00AM The effect of human activities on climate is one of the most important issues facing society. Humans influence climate in many ways. Emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) tend to warm climate, by reducing the amount of infrared radiation that is emitted to space. Increased levels of suspended atmospheric particles ("aerosols") exert a net cooling effect by directly scattering and absorption of solar radiation (the "aerosol direct climatic

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Hot Topics: Globalization and Climate Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

global sense of the world, is bound up in both its analysis and its policy proposals with the same issues that confront globalization theorists. The proliferation of theories and analyses in globalization and climate change reflects the emerging nature...

Malone, Elizabeth L.

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Global Change Research Act of 1990  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Change Research Act of 1990 Print E-mail Global Change Research Act of 1990 Print E-mail The U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) was established by Presidential initiative in 1989 and mandated by Congress in the Global Change Research Act (GCRA) of 1990 in order to "assist the nation and the world to understand, assess, predict, and respond to human-induced and natural processes of global change." In consultation with White House officials and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research (SGCR), USGCRP's Executive Director ensures that the Program meets all mandated requirements which are summarized in the table below. Global Change Research Act of 1990 Requirements Please click on the buttons below for further details about the Global Change Research Act of 1990. Public Law 101-606(11/16/90) 104 Stat. 3096-3104

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White House Conference on Global Climate Change  

SciTech Connect

President Clinton has directed the White House office on Environmental Policy to coordinate an interagency process to develop a plan to fulfill the commitment he made in his Earth Day address on April 21, 1993. This plan will become the cornerstone of the Climate Change Plan that will be completed shortly after the Rio Accord enters into force. The Office on Environmental Policy established the Interagency Climate Change Mitigation Group to draw on the expertise of federal agencies including the National Economic Council; the Council of Economic Advisors; the Office of Science and Technology Policy; the Office of Management and Budget; the National Security Council; the Domestic Policy Council; the Environmental Protection Agency; and the Departments of Energy, Transportation, Agriculture, Interior, Treasury, Commerce, and State. Working groups have been established to examine six key policy areas: energy demand, energy supply, joint implementation, methane and other gases, sinks, and transportation. The purpose of the White House Conference on Global Climate Change was to ``tap the real-world experiences`` of diverse participants and seek ideas and information for meeting the President`s goals. During the opening session, senior administration officials defined the challenge ahead and encouraged open and frank conversation about the best possible ways to meet it.

Not Available

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Energy Crossroads: Global Climate Change | Environmental Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Climate Change Global Climate Change Suggest a Listing Best Global Warming Articles Global Warming Articles provides facts about the causes, effects and answers to global warming; the environment; energy conservation, climate change and more. Ecolytics As emissions requirements, climate change, financial markets, and risk management become increasingly interconnected, organizations are left with critical choices regarding greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions management. Ecolytics(tm), a comprehensive web-based software tool, can help organizations in the navigation of this complex area by providing an effective cataloging, strategic planning, economic analysis, and risk management solution. Enviro$en$e Funded by the Environmental Protection Agency and the Strategic

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Global Change Associates | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

New York Zip: 10025-5657 Product: Consulting firm focusing on the convergence between energy and financial markets. References: Global Change Associates1 This article is a...

42

Joint CO2 and CH4 accountability for global warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...addressed with little impact on consumption patterns...48). Leaks from fracking operations may also...EcoEquity and Stockholm Environment Institute, Berlin...distribution of ecological impacts from human activities . Proc Natl...Role in the Global Environment (Springer, Berlin...Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and...

Kirk R. Smith; Manish A. Desai; Jamesine V. Rogers; Richard A. Houghton

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

CLIMATE CHANGE GLOBAL ECONOMY How to decarbonise the global economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as the world economy is growing? The research teams identified three main pillars for deep decarbonisation avoid dangerous climate change and achieve sustainable development. The report, produced by the Deep Decarbonisation Pathways Project which is overseen by the UN Sustainable Development Network, describes the joint

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1 Global Change Research for Sustainable Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Keywords: Global change; climate change; natural resources; poverty; sus- tainable development; human to walk further to find water in the dry season. In Bangladesh and Viet Nam, it means that small

Richner, Heinz

45

WHAT'S IN A NAME? GLOBAL WARMING VERSUS CLIMATE CHANGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WHAT'S IN A NAME? GLOBAL WARMING VERSUS CLIMATE CHANGE May 2014 #12;What's In A Name? Global Warming vs. Climate Change 1 TABLE OF CONTENTS PREFACE NATIONAL SURVEY STUDY 2: GLOBAL WARMING VS. CLIMATE CHANGE............................ 10 Is global

Haller, Gary L.

46

The Trade and Climate Change Joint Agenda  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Climate change, international trade, investment and technology transfer are all issues that have on investment or services trade that prevent this transfer of expertise and technology must be removed." EU ............................................................................................. 6 3. Sectoral Issues: International Aviation and Maritime Shipping

47

Amazonia and Global Change Portuguese translation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Amazonia and Global Change Portuguese translation Amazonia and Global Change Portuguese translation Amazonia and Global Change, the edited compilation of synthesis papers on the Large Scale Biosphere Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA), is now available in Portuguese and English. This book synthesizes the results of the LBA research, bringing together the most important new results and the new understanding of Amazonia that has resulted. Portuguese versions of the chapters are available here without restriction. The English versions of the chapters can be obtained from the AGU Web site for the book. The NASA Terrestrial Ecology Program funded this translation. LBA Amazonia and Global Change Contents Sumário Preface Prefácio John Gash, Michael Keller, Mercedes Bustamante e Pedro Silva Dias [English]* [Português]

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Global Climate Change and National Security  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5/16/2014 1 Global Climate Change and National Security RADM Jon White Oceanographer and Navigator months. · Oil, gas, and mineral resource exploitation expected to continue · Production/transportatio n

Howat, Ian M.

49

Changing Global Petroleum Product Trade Flows  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Changing Global Petroleum Product Trade Flows For U.S. Energy Information Administration Conference July 14, 2014 | Washington, D.C. By Susan Grissom, U.S. Energy Information...

50

Biomass burning and global change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The burning of living and dead biomass including forests savanna grasslands and agricultural wastes is much more widespread and extensive than previously believed and may consume as much as 8700 teragrams of dry biomass matter per year. The burning of this much biomass releases about 3940 teragrams of total carbon or about 3550 teragrams of carbon in the form of CO2 which is about 40% of the total global annual production of CO2. Biomass burning may also produce about 32% of the world’s annual production of CO 24% of the nonmethane hydrocarbons 20% of the oxides of nitrogen and biomass burn combustion products may be responsible for producing about 38% of the ozone in the troposphere. Biomass burning has increased with time and today is overwhelmingly human?initiated.

Joel S. Levine; Wesley R. Cofer III; Donald R. Cahoon Jr.; Edward L. Winsted; Brian J. Stocks

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

PHOTOSYNTHESIS AND GLOBAL CHANGE CAN CLIMATE DRIVEN CHANGES IN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PHOTOSYNTHESIS AND GLOBAL CHANGE CAN CLIMATE DRIVEN CHANGES IN PHOTOSYNTHESIS BE USED TO PREDICT in photosynthesis, and thus substrate supply, influence the rate of ecosystem respiration (Re). Further- more in photosynthesis might result in concomitant changes in both the rate, and temperature-sensitivity, of Re. Re

Barron-Gafford, Greg

52

ORAU Science Education Program (SEP) Global Change Education...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ORAU Science Education Program (SEP) Global Change Education Program (GCEP) PIA, Office of Information Resources ORAU Science Education Program (SEP) Global Change Education...

53

Global Climate Change Impacts:Global Climate Change Impacts: Implications for Climate EngineeringImplications for Climate Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global Climate Change Impacts:Global Climate Change Impacts: Implications for Climate Engineering Center Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States October 29, 2009 #12;2Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States 2 Response Strategies to ClimateResponse Strategies to Climate ChangeChange

Polz, Martin

54

Global-Change Meetings, Workshops, and Conferences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global-Change Meetings, Workshops, and Conferences While CDIAC itself does not maintain a complete listing of global-change meetings, we are happy to provide the following links to other World-Wide-Web sites that do maintain such a calendar. Please let us know if you find these useful, if there are others that can be added, or if any of the listed sites cease to provide this service. By providing these links, we do not wish to imply that CDIAC or the U.S. Department of Energy necessarily endorses any of the meetings that are listed. AGU Meetings AMS Meetings Home Page Global Change Calendar IGBP Meetings IISD Linkages - Upcoming Meetings on Cimate and the Atmosphere NASA's Earth Observing System National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), Institute for the

55

Global Change Master Directory | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Change Master Directory Global Change Master Directory Energy Data Apps Maps Challenges Resources Blogs Let's Talk Energy Beta You are here Data.gov » Communities » Energy » Data Global Change Master Directory Dataset Summary Description The GCMD database holds more than 30,000 descriptions of Earth science data sets and services covering all aspects of Earth and environmental sciences. Tags {Agriculture,atmosphere,biosphere,bilogy,climate,cryosphere,"land surface",oceans,paleoclimate,"solid Earth",Sun,"terrestrial hydrosphere",NASA,GSFC,"Goddard Space Flight Center"} Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet Ease of Access 0 No votes yet Dataset Additional Information Last Updated 01-Jan-2010 Publisher National Aeronautics and Space Administration

56

Perspectives on Global Change: the TARGETS Approach  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Perspectives on Global Change: the TARGETS Approach Perspectives on Global Change: the TARGETS Approach Speaker(s): Bert DeVries Date: February 6, 1998 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3148 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Richard Sextro TARGETS is a simulation model designed to help explore the future of the world innovatively and to search for adequate operationalization of the concept of sustainable development. It incorporates a unique approach to the study of long-term global change and sustainability issues. The model is distinguished by its treatment of uncertainties through explicit formulation of cultural perspectives on controversial issues, and by its inclusion of a visualisation tool to enable transparent and interactive presentation of scenario analyses. TARGETS embodies an interdisciplinary approach, deals explictly with both physical and socio-economic

57

Towards the global monitoring of biodiversity change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at biodiversity conservation inside and outside protected areas [4­6] and at limiting the causes of biodiversityTowards the global monitoring of biodiversity change Henrique M. Pereira1,2,* and H. David Cooper3, Canada, H2Y1N9 Governments have set the ambitious target of reducing biodiversity loss by the year 2010

Pereira, Henrique Miguel

58

Climate Change Impacts on Global Food Security  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...pressures on food prices, economic...will have many effects on the global...recent data are averages for the period...burning of fossil fuels, with smaller...Goldberg R. , The effect of changes in...other renewable fuels for transport...surging food prices . Agric. Econ...osterdal, “Effects of food price...

Tim Wheeler; Joachim von Braun

2013-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

59

GLOBAL CHANGE AND TIDAL FRESHWATER WETLANDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 23 GLOBAL CHANGE AND TIDAL FRESHWATER WETLANDS: SCENARIOS AND IMPACTS Scott C. Neubauer Tidal Freshwater Wetlands, edited by Aat Barendregt, Dennis Whigham & Andrew Baldwin 2009, viii + 320pp Publishers GmbH This chapter was originally published in the book ,,Tidal Freshwater Wetlands". The copy

Neubauer, Scott C.

60

Joint Statement on the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership and Nuclear Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Statement on the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership and Statement on the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership and Nuclear Energy Cooperation Joint Statement on the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership and Nuclear Energy Cooperation Ministers and other senior officials representing the respective governmental agencies of China, France, Japan, Russia, and the United States met in Washington, D.C., on May 21, 2007 to address the prospects for international cooperation in peaceful uses of nuclear energy, including technical aspects, especially in the framework of the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP). The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) also attended as an observer. Joint Statement on the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership and Nuclear Energy Cooperation More Documents & Publications Ministerial Conference

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61

Global Climate Change Impacts & Activities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Shop Floor to Top Floor: Best Business Shop Floor to Top Floor: Best Business Practices in Energy Efficiency From Shop Floor to Top Floor: Best Business Practices in Energy Efficiency Andre de Fontaine Pew Center on Global Climate Change DOE ITP Webinar April 1, 2010 Andre de Fontaine Pew Center on Global Climate Change DOE ITP Webinar April 1, 2010 Introduction to Pew Center Introduction to Pew Center * Established in 1998 as an independent, non- partisan climate organization * Three-fold structure - a "do" tank: - Research - 100+ reports over 10 years - Actively advise on policy - state, federal, international - Business Environmental Leadership Council (BELC) o 46 companies o $2 trillion in revenues o Nearly 4 million employees Introduction to BELC Introduction to BELC 3 Efficiency Project Overview

62

National Institute for Global Environmental Change  

SciTech Connect

This document is the Semi-Annual Report of the National Institute for Global Environmental Change for the reporting period July 1 to December 31, 1991. The report is in two parts. Part I presents the mission of the Institute, examples of progress toward that mission, a brief description of the revised management plan, and the financial report. Part II presents the statements of the Regional Center Directors along with progress reports of the projects written by the researchers themselves.

Werth, G.C.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Energy and Climate Change: 15th National Conference and Global...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Energy and Climate Change: 15th National Conference and Global Forum on Science, Policy, and the Environment Energy and Climate Change: 15th National Conference and Global Forum on...

64

CERFACS: Scientific Report ``Climate Modelling & Global Change'' Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CERFACS: Scientific Report ``Climate Modelling & Global Change'' Project 1992 ­ 1993 October 25 th. The ``Climate Modelling & Global Change'' project has played a key role in this achievement, after two years­of­the art climate model. Based on these actual and potential achievements, the Global Change CERFACS project

65

CERFACS: Scientific Report ``Climate Modelling & Global Change'' Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CERFACS: Scientific Report ``Climate Modelling & Global Change'' Project 1991 ­ 1992 November 1992 #12; 1 INTRODUCTION (O. Thual) The goals of the Climate Modelling & Global Change project of climate experiments with this general circulation model. The Climate Modelling & Global Change project has

66

Global Climate Change and the Unique (?) Challenges Posed by...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Climate Change and the Unique (?) Challenges Posed by the Transportation Sector Global Climate Change and the Unique (?) Challenges Posed by the Transportation Sector 2002 DEER...

67

Global Climate Change Alliance Training Workshops on Mainstreaming...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alliance Training Workshops on Mainstreaming Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Global Climate Change Alliance Training Workshop on...

68

ORAU Science Education Program (SEP) Global Change Education Program (GCEP)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ORAU Science Education Program (SEP) Global Change Education ORAU Science Education Program (SEP) Global Change Education Program (GCEP) PIA, Office of Information Resources ORAU Science Education Program (SEP) Global Change Education Program (GCEP) PIA, Office of Information Resources ORAU Science Education Program (SEP) Global Change Education Program (GCEP) PIA, Office of Information Resources ORAU Science Education Program (SEP) Global Change Education Program (GCEP) PIA, Office of Information Resources More Documents & Publications iManage Strategic Integrated Procurement Enterprise System (STRIPES) PIA, Office of Procurement and Assistance Management MOX Services Unclassified Information System PIA, National Nuclear Services Administration E-IDR (Inventory Disclosure Record) PIA, Idaho National Laboratory

69

Projecting global marine biodiversity impacts under climate change scenarios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Projecting global marine biodiversity impacts under climate change scenarios William W.L. Cheung1 References 248 Abstract Climate change can impact the pattern of marine biodiversity through changes. Pauly. 2009. Projecting global marine biodiversity impacts under climate change scenarios. Fish

Pauly, Daniel

70

Global Climate Change, Developing Countries and Transport Sector Options in South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on Global Climate Change: Developing Countries and Transporton Global Climate Change: Developing Countries and Transporton Global Climate Change: Developing Countries and Transport

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

UWM Global Climate Change and Sustainable Development Initiative CONFERENCE ON CLIMATE CHANGE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UWM Global Climate Change and Sustainable Development Initiative CONFERENCE ON CLIMATE CHANGE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Sponsored By UWM Global Climate Change and Sustainable Development Initiative Co Conference Description This conference will discuss the global issue of climate change in the regional

Saldin, Dilano

72

ORNL Global Change and Developing Country Programs | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ORNL Global Change and Developing Country Programs ORNL Global Change and Developing Country Programs (Redirected from Global Change and Developing Country Programs) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Global Change and Developing Country Programs Name Global Change and Developing Country Programs Agency/Company /Organization Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector Energy Website http://www.esd.ornl.gov/eess/g References Global Change [1] "For more than twenty years, ORNL has been active in energy and environmental collaborations with developing countries. Projects have involved more than forty countries in Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, and the Middle East; and they have included every major kind of energy technology and policy, along with a wide range of environmental technologies and policies." [1]

73

Global Biodiversity Change: The Bad, the Good, and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

framework can be used to identify undesirable biodiversity change and allocate conservation efforts. 25 AnnuGlobal Biodiversity Change: The Bad, the Good, and the Unknown Henrique Miguel Pereira, Laetitia Abstract Global biodiversity change is one of the most pressing environmental is- sues of our time. Here

Pereira, Henrique Miguel

74

16Implications of Global Climate Change for Violence Developed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

16Implications of Global Climate Change for Violence Developed and Developing Countries CraIG a. an change for violence in developed and developing countries. Chapter in J. Forgas, A. Kruglanski, & KDerson and Matt DeLIsI Iowa State University R apid global climate change, taking place over decades rather than

Debinski, Diane M.

75

Global Climate Change: Opinions and Perceptions of Rural Nebraskans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global Climate Change: Opinions and Perceptions of Rural Nebraskans 2008 Nebraska Rural Poll that they understand the issue of global climate change either fairly or very well. #12;Most rural Nebraskans believe climate change is already happening. #12;Most rural Nebraskans believe that our actions contribute

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

76

DOE, USDA, and NSF Launch Joint Climate Change Prediction Research Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE, USDA, and NSF Launch Joint Climate Change Prediction Research DOE, USDA, and NSF Launch Joint Climate Change Prediction Research Program DOE, USDA, and NSF Launch Joint Climate Change Prediction Research Program March 22, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - The U.S. Departments of Energy and Agriculture and the National Science Foundation (NSF) announced the launch of a joint research program to produce high-resolution models for predicting climate change and its resulting impacts. Called Decadal and Regional Climate Prediction Using Earth System Models (EaSM), the program is designed to generate models that -- significantly more powerful than existing models -- can help decision-makers develop adaptation strategies addressing climate change. These models will be developed through a joint, interagency solicitation

77

Financing a Global Deal on Climate Change | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Financing a Global Deal on Climate Change Financing a Global Deal on Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Financing a Global Deal on Climate Change Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme Topics: Finance, Co-benefits assessment Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.unepfi.org/fileadmin/documents/FinancingGlobalDeal.pdf References: Financing a Global Deal for Climate Change [1] Summary "This Green Paper builds on this experience and focuses on the priorities identified by UNEP FI to mobilise the skills and resources of the banking, investment and insurance sectors behind an effective, efficient and equitable global deal on climate change at COP15 in Copenhagen. The Paper addresses the types of decisions that governments could take in Copenhagen

78

Global Change and Human Vulnerability to Vector-Borne Diseases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...occurring on a global scale. It is...has different warming properties depending...and leakage from coal beds are also...efforts might be Global change What we...Stop transferring coal, oil, and gas...fossil fuels. The global consumption juggernaut...half-century, but warming is not evenly...

Robert W. Sutherst

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Global Climate Change Earth, 1972, Apollo 17,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;Projected Future Temperature · 2-11.5 deg F projected increase in global average · more intense, more frequent, and longer-lasting heat waves. #12;Projected Future Precipitation · Increase in global average infrared energy as a radiatively active constituent in Earth's atmosphere. Svante Arrhenius, a Swedish

Hansen, Andrew J.

80

Global Climate Change: Risk to Bank Loans | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Change: Risk to Bank Loans Climate Change: Risk to Bank Loans Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Global Climate Change: Risk to Bank Loans Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme Topics: Finance, Co-benefits assessment, Market analysis Resource Type: Publications, Guide/manual Website: www.unepfi.org/fileadmin/documents/global_climate_change_risk.pdf Global Climate Change: Risk to Bank Loans Screenshot References: Global Climate Change: Risk to Bank Loans[1] Summary "The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of climate change related risks on bank borrowers, utilizing as much data and analysis as possible. The first section of this report reviews the current climate change policies in place in Canada, Europe, and the US, in order to provide

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Problem free nuclear power and global change  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear fission power reactors represent a solution-in-principle to all aspects of global change possibly induced by inputting of either particulate or carbon or sulfur oxides into the Earth`s atmosphere. Of proven technological feasibility, they presently produce high- grade heat for electricity generation, space heating and industrial process-driving around the world, without emitting greenhouse gases or atmospheric particulates. However, a substantial number of major issues currently stand between nuclear power implemented with light- water reactors and widespread substitution for large stationary fossil fuel-fired systems, including long-term fuel supply, adverse public perceptions regarding both long-term and acute operational safety, plant decommissioning, fuel reprocessing, radwaste disposal, fissile materials diversion to military purposes and - perhaps more seriously - cost. We describe a GW-scale, high-temperature nuclear reactor heat source that can operate with no human intervention for a few decades and that may be widely acceptable, since its safety features are simple, inexpensive and easily understood. We provide first-level details of a reactor system designed to satisfy these requirements. Such a back-solving approach to realizing large-scale nuclear fission power systems potentially leads to an energy source capable of meeting all large-scale stationary demands for high- temperature heat. If widely employed to support such demands, it could, for example, directly reduce present-day world-wide CO{sub 2} emissions by two-fold; by using it to produce non-carbonaceous fuels for small mobile demands, a second two-fold reduction could be attained. Even the first such reduction would permit continued slow power-demand growth in the First World and rapid development of the Third World, both without any governmental suppression of fossil fuel usage.

Teller, E.; Wood, L.; Nuckolls, J.; Ishikawa, M.; Hyde, R.

1997-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

82

Regional Implications of Global Climate Change for the Great  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reliable are they? Future projections of climate change due to global warming What about regional climateRegional Implications of Global Climate Change for the Great Plains Robert J. Oglesby Department Concepts What is climate? What is the difference between weather and climate? What is the difference

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

83

Forecasting Agriculturally Driven Global Environmental Change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of each variable on GDP (13, 17), combined with global GDP projections (14...population, and per capita GDP, combined with projected...measure of agricultural demand for water, is forecast...Just as demand for energy is the major cause...

David Tilman; Joseph Fargione; Brian Wolff; Carla D'Antonio; Andrew Dobson; Robert Howarth; David Schindler; William H. Schlesinger; Daniel Simberloff; Deborah Swackhamer

2001-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

84

Global Climate Change Alliance Training Workshops on Mainstreaming Climate  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Global Climate Change Alliance Training Workshops on Mainstreaming Climate Global Climate Change Alliance Training Workshops on Mainstreaming Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Global Climate Change Alliance Training Workshop on Mainstreaming Climate Change Agency/Company /Organization: Global Climate Change Alliance (GCCA) Sector: Climate Topics: Low emission development planning, -LEDS Resource Type: Training materials, Workshop Website: www.gcca.eu/pages/75_2-OCT-Workshop.html Cost: Free References: GCCA Countries Training Workshop[1] A GCCA workshop for OCT countries took place 27-28 January 2012 immediately following the OCT-EU Forum meeting in Brussels, Belgium. The workshop aimed at sharing views, knowledge, tools and experiences on climate change mitigation and adaptation and at raising awareness on the benefits and

85

ORNL Global Change and Developing Country Programs | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Change and Developing Country Programs Change and Developing Country Programs Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Global Change and Developing Country Programs Name Global Change and Developing Country Programs Agency/Company /Organization Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector Energy Website http://www.esd.ornl.gov/eess/g References Global Change [1] "For more than twenty years, ORNL has been active in energy and environmental collaborations with developing countries. Projects have involved more than forty countries in Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, and the Middle East; and they have included every major kind of energy technology and policy, along with a wide range of environmental technologies and policies." [1] References ↑ 1.0 1.1 Global Change Retrieved from

86

Frontiers in Global Change Seminar Series presents ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Bill Collins as he speaks about the fundamental role of solar absorption in climate change and ways Assessment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which won 2007 Nobel Peace Prize. Last year, DOE

87

Global Atmospheric Change and Animal Populations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, which are increasing in frequency, also produce large amounts of greenhouse gases (e.g., CO2; methane to increase dramatically (Withgott & Brennan, 2009; Figure 2). Burning of fossil fuels, such as coal, gasoline by 2100 (IPCC 2007). (Approximate contribution to global warming: 33%; Hansen & Sato 2001). Methane (CH4

88

Sensitivity of global wildfire occurrences to various factors in the context of global change1 and J. O. Kaplan3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

18 meteorology driven by 2000-2050 climate change are found to increase the global annual total191 Sensitivity of global wildfire occurrences to various factors in the context of global change1 Y of global change (including changes in climate,11 land use/land cover, and population density) on wildfire

Wu, Shiliang

89

Global Climate Change: Why Understanding the Scientific Enterprise Matters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global Climate Change: Why Understanding the Scientific Enterprise Matters Ellen MosleyPolar/ByrdPolarhttp://bprc.osu.edu/ Understanding Climate Change Risks and Identifying Opportunities for Mitigation & Adaptation in Ohio Ohio State University, May 15, 2014 #12;Key Points Earth's climate is changing - the world is warming ­ that debate

Howat, Ian M.

90

The relevance of phylogeny to studies of global change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

use efficiencies compared with C3 plants, key traits that can affect global carbon, water and nutrient to have had little impact in ecosystem ecology or global change research. Is this because are related to one another will help us to better understand how key physiological traits are distributed

Donoghue, Michael

91

Climate Change Impacts on Global Food Security  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...recent systematic review of changes in the yields of...change on the health environment. Little research...flooding or drought in environments where sound sanitation...when aggressive bioenergy subsidies and quota...Despite a burgeoning literature over the past...emerge from our review: (i) gathering...

Tim Wheeler; Joachim von Braun

2013-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

92

Financing Global Climate Change Mitigation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Financing Global Climate Change Mitigation Financing Global Climate Change Mitigation Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Financing Global Climate Change Mitigation Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Finance Resource Type: Publications, Guide/manual Website: www.unece.org/energy/se/pdfs/gee21/gee21_pub/GEE21_GlobalClimateChange UN Region: "Western & Eastern Europe" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

93

Global Climate Change Assessment Report Shows Nations Not Doing...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Global Climate Change Assessment Report Shows Nations Not Doing Enough Home > Blogs > Dc's blog Dc's picture Submitted by Dc(107) Contributor 5 November, 2014 - 14:49 The latest...

94

Global Change and Human Vulnerability to Vector-Borne Diseases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...climate change scenarios because solutions require the design of strategies...range of circumstances. Natural solutions for vector-borne diseases are...gas from the ground into the air by burning fossil fuels. The global consumption juggernaut...

Robert W. Sutherst

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Shifting Global Invasive Potential of European Plants with Climate Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global climate change and invasions by nonnative species rank among the top concerns for agents of biological loss in coming decades. Although each of these themes has seen considerable attention in the modeling and ...

Peterson, A. Townsend; Stewart, Aimee; Mohamed, Kamal I.; Araú jo, Miguel B.

2008-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

96

Technological Options to Address Global Climate Change  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2K-2854 RAB 4/01 2K-2854 RAB 4/01 Hydro 8% Coal 22% Coal 22% Other 1% Gas 23% Gas 23% Coal 19% Coal 19% Gas 28% Gas 28% Fossil Fuels Will Continue as Key to World Economy 1999 data from International Energy Annual 1999 (February 2001) 2020 data from International Energy Outlook 2001 (March 2001) + 6 0 % Oil 40% Hydro 7% Other 0.7% Nuclear 7% 1999 85% Fossil Energy 382 Qbtu / yr 2020 85% Fossil Energy 607 Qbtu / yr Oil 40% Nuclear 4% 2K-2854 RAB 4/01 World Energy Demand Growing Dramatically 0 2 4 6 8 12 2000 2050 2100 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 Population (Billions) Energy Consumption (Qbtu / yr) Population Projections: United Nations "Long-Range World Population Projections: Based on the 1998 Revision" Energy Projections: "Global Energy Perspectives" ITASA / WEC World Population Population of

97

Relative outcomes of climate change mitigation related to global  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Relative outcomes of climate change mitigation related to global Relative outcomes of climate change mitigation related to global temperature versus sea-level rise Submitted by mkaczmar on February 8, 2013 - 15:19 Authors: Gerald A. Meehl, Aixue Hu, Claudia Tebaldi, Julie M. Arblaster, Warren M. Washington, Haiyan Teng, Benjamin M. Sanderson, Toby Ault, Warren G. Strand & James B. White III There is a common perception that, if human societies make the significant adjustments necessary to substantively cut emissions of greenhouse gases, global temperature increases could be stabilized, and the most dangerous consequences of climate change could be avoided. Here we show results from global coupled climate model simulations with the new representative concentration pathway mitigation scenarios to 2300 to illustrate that, with

98

Climate Change Impacts on Global Food Security  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...A recent systematic review of changes in the yields of the major...instance, when aggressive bioenergy subsidies and quota policies...Despite a burgeoning literature over the past 5 years...research emerge from our review: (i) gathering evidence...A. Miller M. A. , Review of reported cholera...

Tim Wheeler; Joachim von Braun

2013-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

99

Global climate change and the mitigation challenge  

SciTech Connect

Anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases, especially carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), have led to increasing atmospheric concentrations, very likely the primary cause of the 0.8{sup o}C warming the Earth has experienced since the Industrial Revolution. With industrial activity and population expected to increase for the rest of the century, large increases in greenhouse gas emissions are projected, with substantial global additional warming predicted. This paper examines forces driving CO{sub 2} emissions, a concise sector-by-sector summary of mitigation options, and research and development (R&D) priorities. To constrain warming to below approximately 2.5{sup o}C in 2100, the recent annual 3% CO{sub 2} emission growth rate needs to transform rapidly to an annual decrease rate of from 1 to 3% for decades. Furthermore, the current generation of energy generation and end-use technologies are capable of achieving less than half of the emission reduction needed for such a major mitigation program. New technologies will have to be developed and deployed at a rapid rate, especially for the key power generation and transportation sectors. Current energy technology research, development, demonstration, and deployment (RDD&D) programs fall far short of what is required. 20 refs., 18 figs., 4 tabs.

Frank Princiotta [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States). Air Pollution Prevention and Control Division

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

100

PNNL: Atmospheric Sciences & Global Change - Fundamental & Computational  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science and Global Change Science and Global Change Our researchers are transforming the nation's ability to predict climate change and its impacts. PNNL's research is expanding knowledge of fundamental atmospheric processes, developing state-of-the-art modeling capabilities, and improving understanding of how climate, energy, water, and land systems interact. Working across disciplines, we integrate theory, measurements, and modeling at molecular to global scales. Read more... aerial irrigation green circles Plugging Water's Effects in an Earth System Model In two studies led by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, researchers simulated how irrigation from both surface water and groundwater affects the Earth's water and energy budget. The two studies highlight the challenges for Earth system models to include a more complete

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

A Global Portfolio Strategy for Climate Change Technology Development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Global Portfolio Strategy for Climate Change Technology Development A Global Portfolio Strategy for Climate Change Technology Development Speaker(s): Geoffrey J. Blanford Date: July 21, 2005 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Afzal Siddiqui John Stoops In this study we propose a novel formulation of a decision problem in R&D strategy. The problem is motivated by and applied to the context of technologies relevant to global climate change, but is characterized in general by an aggregate R&D decision-maker with a social welfare objective, technology diffusion markets subject to externalities in which private costs are minimized, and uncertainty in both technological and environmental factors. A technology strategy is defined as the allocation of R&D investment across several broad research programs, and the

102

The U.S. Global Change Research Program  

SciTech Connect

The Office of Science and Technology Policy has established the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC) to help solve problems, to improve economic competitiveness, and to provide stimulus for education. Within the NSTC, the Committee on Environment and Natural Resources Research is responsible for seven environmental issues, including all research relating to global change. The US Global Change Research Program supports international protocols and conventions relating to ozone, climate, and biodiversity. It contributes to the advancement of knowledge in science, education, and technology transfer by providing scientific understanding for policy. This program supports the mission of federal agencies in the areas of forecasts, regulations, services, etc.

MacCracken, M.C.

1994-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

103

Global Change and the Terrestrial Biosphere (449th Brookhaven Lecture)  

SciTech Connect

Since the Industrial Revolution, the increased use of fossil fuels has resulted in a dramatic and unprecedented rise in the concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Most scientists agree that increasing levels of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases have raised Earth's temperature and, without a reduction in emissions, will continue to do so. Terrestrial ecosystems sustain life on Earth through the production of food, fuel, fiber, clean air, and naturally purified water. But how will agriculture and ecosystems be affected by global change? Rogers will describe the impact of projected climate change on the terrestrial biosphere and explain why plants are not just passive respondents to global change, but play an important role in determining the rate of change.

Rogers, Alistair (Ph.D., Environmental Sciences Department) [Ph.D., Environmental Sciences Department

2009-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

104

Chapter 15. BIOLOGICALPHYSICAL INTERACTIONS AND GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

605 Chapter 15. BIOLOGICAL­PHYSICAL INTERACTIONS AND GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE: SOME LESSONS FROM EARTH, absorb- ing long-wave radiation emitted from the planet surface and warming Earth's surface temperature combined. The idea that burning a relatively small amount of coal, oil, and gas can affect such a large

Schrag, Daniel

105

Global Change Biology (2000) 6, 317328 Soil Carbon Sequestration and Land-Use Change: Processes and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global Change Biology (2000) 6, 317­328 Soil Carbon Sequestration and Land-Use Change: Processes in enhanced soil carbon sequestration with changes in land-use and soil management. We review literature, and indicates the relative importance of some factors that influence the rates of organic carbon sequestration

Post, Wilfred M.

106

Recent Global Climate Change-Related News and Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Recent Global Climate Change-Related News and Publications Recent Global Climate Change-Related News and Publications A sampling of what CDIAC staff members have been following: Extreme summer weather in northern mid-latitudes linked to a vanishing cryosphere. Tang, Q., X. Zhang, and J.A. Francis, 2013, Nature Climate Change DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2065. Uncertainty in annual aankings from NOAA's global temperature time series. Arguez A., T.R. Karl, M.F. Squires, and R.S. Vose, 2013, Geophysical Research Letters DOI: 10.1002/2013GL057999. Climate extremes and the carbon cycle. Reichstein, M., et al.., 2013, Nature DOI: 10.1038/nature12350. Anatomy of an extreme event. Hoerling, M., et al., 2013, J. Climate DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00270.1. Australia's unique influence on global sea level in 2010-2011. Fasullo, J.T., C. Boening, F.W. Landerer, and R.S. Nerem, 2013, Geophysical

107

Z .Global and Planetary Change 20 1999 93123 Global sea level rise and glacial isostatic adjustment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

adjustment W.R. Peltier ) Department of Physics, Uni�ersity of Toronto, 60 St. George Street, Toronto-mail: peltier@atmosp.physics.utoronto.ca Z .rather recently Peltier and Tushingham, 1989 , it was not clearly;( )W.R. PeltierrGlobal and Planetary Change 20 1999 93­12394 Z .existed at that time e.g., Peltier

Peltier, W. Richard

108

Pew Center on Global Climate Change | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pew Center on Global Climate Change Pew Center on Global Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Name Pew Center on Global Climate Change Place Arlington, Virginia Zip 22201 Product Established in 1998 as a non-profit, non-partisan and independent organisation aiming to provide unbiased information and solutions in the efforts to tackle climate change. Coordinates 43.337585°, -89.379449° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.337585,"lon":-89.379449,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

109

Global Analysis of Snow Cover Changes Using Google Earth Engine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global Analysis of Snow Cover Changes Using MODIS and Google Earth Engine By: Jim Coll Importance of This Project • To establish whether or not Google Earth Engine is a viable platform for this type of “big data” analysis • Depending... is Google Earth Engine? Google Earth Engine is a massive data warehouse (2+ petabytes) of remote sensing imagery including all past Landsat and MODIS data. The platform supports JavaScript and Python analysis of these data, and performs the calculations...

Coll, Jim

2014-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

110

Warming up, turning sour, losing breath: ocean biogeochemistry under global change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...hydrological cycle in response to global warming. Particularly in the high latitudes...This effect could be modified by global warming-induced changes in the upwelling...emission targets for limiting global warming to 2CNature 458 11581162 10...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Frontiers in Global Change Seminar Series presents ƒ  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Role of Solar Role of Solar Absorption in Climate and Climate Change Monday, June 8, 2009 1:30 - 2:30 pm EMSL Auditorium Dr. William Collins Climate Science Department Head Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Join internationally recognized climate modeler Dr. Bill Collins as he speaks about the fundamental role of solar absorption in climate change and ways to address it in the next generation of climate models. Dr. Bill Collins is known for his groundbreaking research in interactions of clouds and aerosols with solar and terrestrial radiation and for his innovative aerosol-cloud modeling methods. He was lead author of the Global Climate Projections chapter of the 4th Assessment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which won 2007 Nobel Peace Prize.

112

Offshore oil and gas: global resource knowledge and technological change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is argued that the contribution of technological change to the offshore oil and gas industry's progress is under-researched. As a prelude this theme, the changing geography of known offshore oil and gas resources is reviewed. Significant, and largely technologically dependent, developments are identified in terms of the industry's global spread, its extension into deep and ultradeep waters and its ability to enhance output from well-established oil and gas provinces. Three sections (on the evolution of exploration and production rigs, drilling techniques and the application of IT to improve resource knowledge and access) then examine the relationships between technological change and the offshore industry's progress. It is concluded that new technologies improve knowledge of, and access to, resources via four distinctive routes, but that the full impact of R & D is frequently related to the inter-dependence of technologies. Opportunities for further research are identified.

David Pinder

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Our changing planet: The FY 1994 US Global Change Research Program  

SciTech Connect

The approach of the US Global Change Research Program recognizes the profound economic and social implications of responding to global envirorunental changes and advances US leadership on this issue. The report outlines a careful blend of ground- and space-based efforts in research, data gathering, and modeling activities, as well as economic research, with both near- and long-term scientific and public policy benefits. In FY 1994, the Program will add an explicit focus on assessment, seeking to improve our understanding of the state of scientific knowledge and the implications of that knowledge for national and international policymaking activities.

Not Available

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Global Climate Change Adaptation Priorities for Biodiversity and Food Security  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global Climate Change Adaptation Priorities for Biodiversity and Food Security Lee Hannah 1,2* , Makihiko Ikegami 3 , David G. Hole 1,4 , Changwan Seo 5 , Stuart H. M. Butchart 6 , A. Townsend Peterson 7 , Patrick R. Roehrdanz 2 1 The Betty...72590. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0072590 Editor: Alex J Cannon, Pacific Climate Impacts Consortium, Canada Received November 13, 2012; Accepted July 14, 2013; Published August 21, 2013 Copyright: © 2013 Hannah et al. This is an open-access article...

Hannah, Lee; Ikegami, Makihiko; Hole, David G.; Seo, Changwan; Butchart, Stuart H. M.; Peterson, A. Townsend; Roehrdanz, Patrick

2013-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

115

THE IMPACT OF THERMAL ENGINEERING RESEARCH ON GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE  

SciTech Connect

Global climate change is recognized by many people around the world as being one of the most pressing issues facing our society today. The thermal engineering research community clearly plays an important role in addressing this critical issue, but what kind of thermal engineering research is, or will be, most impactful? In other words, in what directions should thermal engineering research be targeted in order to derive the greatest benefit with respect to global climate change? To answer this question we consider the potential reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, coupled with potential economic impacts, resulting from thermal engineering research. Here a new model framework is introduced that allows a technological, sector-by-sector analysis of GHG emissions avoidance. For each sector, we consider the maximum reduction in CO2 emissions due to such research, and the cost effectiveness of the new efficient technologies. The results are normalized on a country-by-country basis, where we consider the USA, the European Union, China, India, and Australia as representative countries or regions. Among energy supply-side technologies, improvements in coal-burning power generation are seen as having the most beneficial CO2 and economic impacts. The one demand-side technology considered, residential space cooling, offers positive but limited impacts. The proposed framework can be extended to include additional technologies and impacts, such as water consumption.

Phelan, Patrick [Arizona State University; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL; Otanicar, Todd [University of Tulsa; Phelan, Bernadette [Phelan Research Solutions, Inc.; Prasher, Ravi [Arizona State University; Taylor, Robert [University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia; Tyagi, Himanshu [Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, India

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Ocean Carbon Cycle Data from the Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The U.S. JGOFS program, a component of the U.S Global Change Research Program, grew out of the recommendations of a National Academy of Sciences workshop in 1984. An ambitious goal was set to understand the controls on the concentrations and fluxes of carbon and associated nutrients in the ocean. A new field of ocean biogeochemistry emerged with an emphasis on quality measurements of carbon system parameters and interdisciplinary field studies of the biological, chemical and physical process which control the ocean carbon cycle. U.S. JGOFS, ended in 2005 with the conclusion of the Synthesis and Modeling Project (SMP). Data are available throughout the U.S. JGOFS web site at http://usjgofs.whoi.edu/ and from the U.S. JGOFS Data System at http://usjgofs.whoi.edu/jg/dir/jgofs/. Major named segments of the project are: Bermuda Atlantic Time Series (BATS) Study, Hawaii Ocean Time-series (HOT) Study, Equatorial Pacific Process Study, North Atlantic Bloom Experiment (1989), Arabian Sea Process Study, and the Southern Ocean Process Study.

117

Central Africa: Global climate change and development. Overview. Technical report  

SciTech Connect

The preliminary study focuses on the six countries of central Africa which contain the largest remaining contiguous block of closed forests in sub-Saharan Africa: Cameroon, Central African Republic, the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and Zaire. The carbon in the vegetation and soils in these moist tropical forests and surrounding seasonal woodlands constitute the greatest potential source of future carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from sub-Saharan Africa. This study also considers the importance of savanna burning, although in less depth since the small savanna area in central Africa precludes this activity from being a large regional source of emissions. Analysis of biogeophysical and socioeconomic issues relevant to global climate change, and research containing both space-based and ground-based components, were undertaken.

Not Available

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Activities implemented jointly: First report to the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Accomplishments and descriptions of projects accepted under the U.S. Initiative on Joint Implementation  

SciTech Connect

More than 150 countries are now Party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC), which seeks, as its ultimate objective, to stabilize atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases at a level that would prevent dangerous human interference with the climate system. As a step toward this goal, all Parties are to take measures to mitigate climate change and to promote and cooperate in the development and diffusion of technologies and practices that control or reduce emissions and enhance sinks of greenhouse gases. In the US view, efforts between countries or entities within them to reduce net greenhouse gas emissions undertaken cooperatively--called joint implementation (JI)--holds significant potential both for combating the threat of global warming and for promoting sustainable development. To develop and operationalize the JI concept, the US launched its Initiative on Joint Implementation (USIJI) in October 1993, and designed the program to attract private sector resources and to encourage the diffusion of innovative technologies to mitigate climate change. The USIJI provides a mechanism for investments by US entities in projects to reduce greenhouse gas emissions worldwide and has developed a set of criteria for evaluating proposed projects for their potential to reduce net GHG emissions.

NONE

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Mechanisms for Tropical Tropospheric Circulation Change in Response to Global Warming*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mechanisms for Tropical Tropospheric Circulation Change in Response to Global Warming* JIAN MA change in global warming is studied by comparing the response of an atmospheric general circulation model globally in response to SST warming. A diagnostic framework is developed based on a linear baroclinic model

Xie, Shang-Ping

120

Erratum to: Students’ conceptions about the greenhouse effect, global warming, and climate change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Our first study appeared in Climatic Change...(“Students’ conceptions about the greenhouse effect, global warming, and climate change” Shepardson et al,...Climatic Change (2011) 104:481–507 DOI 1...

D. P. Shepardson; S. Choi; D. Niyogi; U. Charusombat

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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121

Local and Seasonal Effects in the U.S. of Global Climate Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Though the facts of global climate change are beyond doubt, there has been relatively limited information about its local consequences. Global climate models and their derivatives have provided often differing and unspecific ...

Eckaus, Richard S.

2012-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

122

Global Priority Conservation Areas in the Face of 21st Century Climate Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In an era when global biodiversity is increasingly impacted by rapidly changing climate, efforts to conserve global biodiversity may be compromised if we do not consider the uneven distribution of climate-induced threats. Here, via a novel...

Li, Junsheng; Lin, Xin; Chen, Anping; Peterson, A. Townsend; Ma, Keping; Bertzky, Monika; Ciais, Philippe; Kapos, Valerie; Peng, Changhui; Poulter, Benjamin

2013-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

123

U.S. Global Climate Change program | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

U.S. Global Climate Change program U.S. Global Climate Change program Home Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 18 January, 2013 - 15:46 U.S. Global Change Research Program publishes "National Climate Assessment" report for United States climate change drought OpenEI sea level rise temperatures U.S. Global Climate Change program The U.S. Global Change Research Program, established under the Department of Commerce in 2010, and partnered with NOAA, released an extensive National Climate Assessment report, projecting future climate changes in the United States under different scenarios. The 1,200 page report highlights some rather grim findings about the future of climate change. Here are 5 of the more disconcerting graphics from the report: 1. U.S. Average Temperatures

124

Joint CO2 and CH4 accountability for global warming Kirk R. Smitha,1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

debt index incorporating both methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. We develop national for global perspectives. We include CO2 emissions from fossil sources [CO2(f)], as well as, in a separate by decreasing CH4 emissions by 46% as stopping CO2 emissions entirely, but with substantial differences among

Silver, Whendee

125

Biofilm responses to multiple stressors associated to global change in river ecosystems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The main goal of this thesis is to investigate the effects of consequences of global change on fluvial biofilms. To achieve this objective a multi-marker… (more)

Proia, Lorenzo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

An animal model for genetic/evolutionary responses to global climate change. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A multi-level attack was made on a molecular-genetics-based vulnerability of thermally sensitive organisms to global climate change.

Ward B. Watt

1998-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

127

NASA's Global Climate Change Education Sneha Rao Mark Becker Amy Work  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NASA's Global Climate Change Education Sneha Rao Mark Becker Amy Work Center for International of NASA's Global Climate Change Education (GCCE) project is to provide educators the tools and resources health across the globe at secondary, and post-secondary school level, by using NASA climate information

Columbia University

128

Can ozone depletion and global warming interact to produce rapid climate change?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Can ozone depletion and global warming interact to produce rapid climate change? Dennis L. Hartmann of Climate Change (IPCC) assess- ment of the status of global warming, which reported that winter stratospheric ozone depletion and greenhouse warming are possible. These interactions may be responsible

Limpasuvan, Varavut

129

Fingerprinting the impacts of global change on tropical forests  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...increasing above-ground biomass suggest that `global...through fossil fuel combustion (Malhi & * Author and...in the above-ground biomass of forest stands (Phillips...use, fossil- fuel combustion and biomass burning (Galloway et...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

U.S. Global Change Research Program publishes "National Climate Assessment"  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

U.S. Global Change Research Program publishes "National Climate Assessment" U.S. Global Change Research Program publishes "National Climate Assessment" report for United States Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(2002) Super contributor 18 January, 2013 - 15:46 climate change drought OpenEI sea level rise temperatures U.S. Global Climate Change program The U.S. Global Change Research Program, established under the Department of Commerce in 2010, and partnered with NOAA, released an extensive National Climate Assessment report, projecting future climate changes in the United States under different scenarios. The 1,200 page report highlights some rather grim findings about the future of climate change. Here are 5 of the more disconcerting graphics from the report: 1. U.S. Average Temperatures

131

Global Economic Effects of Changes in Crops, Pasture, and Forests due to Changing Climate, Carbon Dioxide, and Ozone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multiple environmental changes will have consequences for global vegetation. To the extent that crop yields and pasture and forest productivity are affected there can be important economic consequences. We examine the ...

Reilly, John M.

132

Predicted change in global secondary organic aerosol concentrations in response to future climate, emissions, and land use change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The sensitivity of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) concentration to changes in climate and emissions is investigated using a coupled global atmosphere-land model driven by the year 2100 IPCC A1B scenario predictions. The ...

Heald, C. L.; Henze, D. K.; Horowitz, L. W.; Feddema, Johannes J.; Lamarque, J. F.; Guenther, A.; Hess, P. G.; Vitt, F.; Seinfeld, J. H.; Goldstein, A. H.; Fung, I.

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Integrated Assessment of Global Climate Change | U.S. DOE Office of Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Integrated Assessment of Global Integrated Assessment of Global Climate Change Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Research Abstracts Searchable Archive of BER Highlights External link Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) ARM Climate Research Facility Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program Data Management Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Integrated Assessment of Global Climate Change Regional & Global Climate Modeling (RGCM) Program Subsurface Biogeochemical Research Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration External link Terrestrial Ecosystem Science Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BER Funding Opportunities Biological & Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC)

134

Climate Change: Global growth of carbon dioxide emissions continues  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

After declining 1.5% in 2009, global carbon dioxide emissions rose 5.8% in 2010, the largest yearly jump in two decades, according to a Worldwatch Institute report released on April 28. Worldwatch is a Washington, D.C.-based, environmental think tank. ...

JEFF JOHNSON

2012-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

135

Intention to change activities that reduce carbon dioxide emissions related to worry about global climate change consequences  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Introduction Mitigating the global climate change requires actions at different levels including that lay people change their consumption patterns, which cause emissions of greenhouse gases. Recent research suggests that inducing affects such as fear and worry may have positive effects. Objective To investigate whether worry in addition to personalized information about emissions of carbon dioxide would influence lay people's intentions to change consumption-related personal activities causing carbon-dioxide emissions. Method A municipality-provided tool to calculate their annual carbon dioxide emissions was used by 135 university students who after being informed about negative consequences of global climate change stated their intentions to change a number of personal activities to reduce carbon dioxide emissions during the following 12 months. They also rated how worried they were about eight global climate change consequences. Results Intentions to change travel, energy use at home, food consumption, involvement in environmental organizations, and support of environmental policies increased with worry. An interaction was also observed such that high-emitters’ intentions to invest in energy-efficient infrastructure increased more with worry than did low- and medium-emitters’ intentions. Conclusions In line with recent research positing that affect increases preventive actions, the hypothesis was supported that intentions to change personal activities to reduce carbon dioxide emissions increased with participants’ worry about the consequences of global climate change.

E.-L. Sundblad; A. Biel; T. Gärling

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

PNNL: Atmospheric Sciences & Global Change - Fundamental & Computational  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About Us About Us Our mission is to understand the atmospheric processes that drive regional and global earth systems, with a primary focus on climate, aerosol and cloud physics; global and regional scale modeling; integrated assessment; and complex regional meteorology and chemistry. In supporting this mission, our research addresses one of the key missions of the Department of Energy, namely to ensure that the nation's energy system is economically and environmentally sustainable. Because nearly all energy-related emissions enter the atmosphere, research on atmospheric processes and their impacts on human health and the environment-over a variety of temporal and geographic scales-is critical to understanding these consequences. Scientists in this division lead and contribute to programs within the

137

A prairie perspective on global warming and climate change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Great Plains blankets eight states. It is dotted with oil patches, public utilities, farms, ranches, feed lots, meat-packing plants, medium size cities, military bases and tiny towns feeding on agricultural activity. The question is: what can leaders do for a desperate and aging population in a global warming environment to bring full employment to the region. This paper explores opportunities to capitalise upon environmentally friendly farming practices and agricultural waste to produce jobs, money, commercial opportunities, marketable sod, fertilisers, methane, electricity and securities (from the Chicago Climate Exchange) as answers for this question. The paper recounts the use of man made wetlands to sequester CO2; by-products from coal fired power plants; landfill methane; methane digesters and soil carbon projects to arrest heat and contribute to the campaign against global warming.

Ronald Griffin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Indicators on Economic Risk from Global Climate Change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Indicators of economic risk for emissions-intensive investments are presented and used to illustrate shutdown risks for coal-fired power plants compared with emerging utility-scale photovoltaics plants. ... Historically, during the last century the global economy has grown at an average of 3.2% y?1 and emissions of GHGs have increased sublinearly with economic growth, due to improvements in resource productivity. ...

Wolf D. Grossmann; Karl Steininger; Iris Grossmann; Lorenz Magaard

2009-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

139

Global climate change and the scientific consensus Stephen Mulkey, PhD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Global climate change and the scientific consensus Stephen Mulkey, PhD Director of Research scientists. As scientists, our job is to present the data on climate change and to propose plausible recreate the Earth's climate in a laboratory bottle and change its composition to see what happens. Instead

Watson, Craig A.

140

Climate change and the socioeconomics of global food production: A quantitative analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Climate change and the socioeconomics of global food production: A quantitative analysis of how, Andrew J. Dougill and Piers M. Forster August 2010 Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy Working Paper No. 29 #12;2 The Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy (CCCEP) was established

Rambaut, Andrew

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Changes in the Distribution of Rain Frequency and Intensity in Response to Global Warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Changes in the frequency and intensity of rainfall are an important potential impact of climate change. Two modes of change, a shift and an increase, are applied to simulations of global warming with models from phase 5 of the Coupled Model ...

Angeline G. Pendergrass; Dennis L. Hartmann

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Changes in Temperature and Precipitation Extremes in the IPCC Ensemble of Global Coupled Model Simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Changes in Temperature and Precipitation Extremes in the IPCC Ensemble of Global Coupled Model September 2006) ABSTRACT Temperature and precipitation extremes and their potential future changes on Climate Change (IPCC) diagnostic exercise for the Fourth Assessment Report (AR4). Climate extremes

143

Global health and climate change: moving from denial and catastrophic fatalism to positive action  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Howard and Martyn Chamberlain Global health and climate change: moving from denial...ucl.ac.uk ). 1 Institute for Global Health, University College London, , Gower...London WC1E 6BT, UK 3 Institute for Human Health and Performance, University College London...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Global Change II Water is central to life on Earth. Energy is  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global Change II Energy Nasa/JPL #12;#12;Water is central to life on Earth. Energy is central of Lectures Today's state of global energy oil, gas, coal Alternatives to fossil fuels renewables, nuclear will be lost as heat (efficiency). Energy Laws Primary Energy #12;Everything that moves has KINETIC ENERGY

145

Conifer growth and reproduction in urban forest fragments: Predictors of future responses to global change?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Global change has a large and growing influence on forests, particularly in urban and urbanizing areas. Compared to rural forests, urban forests may experience warmer temperatures, higher CO2...levels, and greate...

Anna M. O’Brien; Ailene K. Ettinger; Janneke HilleRisLambers

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Preliminary global assessment of terrestrial biodiversity consequences of sea level rise mediated by climate change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Considerable attention has focused on the climatic effects of global climate change on biodiversity, but few analyses and no broad assessments have evaluated the effects of sea level rise on biodiversity. Taking advantage of new maps of marine...

Menon, Shaily; Soberó n, Jorge; Li, Xingong; Peterson, A. Townsend

2010-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

147

Global land use change, economic globalization, and the looming land scarcity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...more complex by the processes of economic globalization. In...preservation” (30). Evaluations of the effectiveness...rapeseed oil used for biodiesel. The market price...foreignisation of space: Seven processes driving the current...areas, because of processes as diverse as soil...

Eric F. Lambin; Patrick Meyfroidt

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

U.S. Global Change Research Program FY 2013 Budget Request (in millions)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

U.S. Global Change Research Program FY 2013 Budget Request (in millions) USGCRP FY 2012 Estimate FY.0% Agriculture 83 86 3.6% USGS 59 68 15.3% EPA 19 20 5.3% Smithsonian 8 8 flat NIH 4 4 flat DOT 1 3 200.0% Total USGCRP 2,427 2,563 5.6% The President's budget request includes $2.6 billion for the U.S. Global Change

149

The role of US agricultural and forest activities in global climate change mitigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE ROLE OF US AGRICULTURAL AND FOREST ACTIVITIES IN GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION A Dissertation by EN ZHU Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2007 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics THE ROLE OF US AGRICULTURAL AND FOREST ACTIVITIES IN GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION A Dissertation...

Zhu, En

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

150

Global Change and Human Vulnerability to Vector-Borne Diseases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...change pesticides if involved) (low efficiency) (preventative measures, delivery systems...An epizootic of Rift Valley fever in Egypt in 1997. Rev. Sci. Tech. Off. Int...Related Techniques. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Vienna, Austria. 226...

Robert W. Sutherst

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Hormonally mediated maternal effects, individual strategy and global change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...E. 2005 Hormones and animal social behavior. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 39 Groothuis, T. G. G. , Muller...45 Orchinik, M. , Licht, P., Crews, D. 1988 Plasma steroid concentrations change in response to sexual...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Heart rate change and attitudes to global warming: A conceptual replication of the visceral fit mechanism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Visceral fit effects occur when a physical state (e.g., warmth) increases the plausibility of future related states (e.g., global warming). We attempted to conceptually replicate such effects by investigating whether belief in global warming is influenced by a change in heart rate, which is linked to body warmth. In four studies, participants' heart rates were varied via mental manipulation or physical exercise. In three of the studies, increased heart rate was associated with greater self-reported belief that global warming was occurring. Across all studies, the association between heart rate and self-reported belief in global warming was small in statistical effect size and very small in absolute terms. We suggest that the effects of incidental cues are interesting because such factors should not influence global warming beliefs at all, but the small absolute size of the effects means that situational cues are unlikely to alter a person's stance on climate change.

Aaron Drummond; Matthew A. Palmer

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with other parts of the world, health-related damages caused by air pollution are substantial. We estimate://globalchange.mit.edu/ Printed on recycled paper #12;1 Measuring Welfare Loss Caused by Air Pollution in Europe: A CGE Analysis-economic impacts of air pollution, we develop an integrated approach based on computable general equilibrium (CGE

154

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's gasoline- and diesel-powered vehicles. A representative vehicle technology that runs on electricity on recycled paper #12;1 Prospects for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles in the United States and Japan-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) may offer a potential near term, low carbon alternative to today

155

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, heavy oils, and eventually possibly shale oil. Under standard refining processes these crude oil sources

156

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

different categories of petroleum products, each with its specific uses and associated emission factors. We. The Program's Technical Notes series is intended to document technical research details for our own use for the greenhouse gas and urban gas emissions. The GTAP5 dataset aggregates all the different types of petroleum

157

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

into the vehicle market. Contents 1. Technology Choice and Market Interaction.................................................................................... 1 2. The CGE and Engineering Process Models.................................................................................... 4 2.1 The EPPA Model of Emissions and Policy Cost

158

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

price as the parameter using the company's carbon emission intensity and its operating profit per unit under Carbon Constraint: Relationship Between Profit Structure of Companies and Carbon/Fuel Price paper #12;Analysis of Strategies of Companies under Carbon Constraint: Relationship Between Profit

159

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

widely used as pedagogic devices to illustrate simple economic concepts such as the benefits of emissions trading. They have also been used to produce reduced form models to examine situations where solving

160

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conditions, when those emissions are limited. The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is the world's first large experiment with an emission trading system for CO2 and it is likely to be copied

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

topic in energy legislation as it is seen as a potential low carbon alternative to conventional fuels from Historical Data Xavier Gitiaux, John Reilly and Sergey Paltsev Report No. 199 May 2011 #12;The MIT, the Program brings together an interdisciplinary group from two established research centers at MIT

162

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.mit.edu / Printed on recycled paper #12;The Future of U.S. Natural Gas Production, Use, and Trade Sergey Paltsev including the scale and cost of gas resources, the costs of competing technologies, the pattern and relatively high cost of other low-carbon generation alternatives, gas is likely the preferred alternative

163

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in understanding scientific, economic, and ecological aspects of this difficult issue, and combining them-and-trade system for greenhouse gases, and if and when that happens the system of CAFE regulation of vehicle design of ways to guard against violation under such a trading regime of vehicle standards that may be justified

164

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In March 2000, the European Commission presented a Green Paper on greenhouse gas emissions trading within

165

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

regulation and have gained attention recently within the context of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions trading

166

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are near competitive levels. Social gains of emissions trading are higher than in earlier studies. Contents

167

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the First Trading Period, Interim Report March 2008 3 Foreword The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme

168

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

paper #12;An Analysis of the European Emission Trading Scheme John M. Reilly and Sergey Paltsev Abstract An international emissions trading system is a featured instrument in the Kyoto Protocol to the Framework countries. The US was the leading proponent of emissions trading in the negotiations leading up

169

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Investments in Alternative Coal-Fired Power Plant Designs Ram C. Sekar, John E. Parsons, Howard J. Herzog and atmospheric aerosol assumptions underlying climate analysis need to be related to the economic, technological paper #12;Future Carbon Regulations and Current Investments in Alternative Coal-Fired Power Plant

170

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the greenhouse gas and atmospheric aerosol assumptions underlying climate analysis need to be related on economic variables, long-term forecasts of the spatial distribution of population are often made of population, including the growth of urban areas, driven by economic forecasts until the year 2100. Contents 1

171

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that are most relevant to economic, social, and environmental effects. In turn, the greenhouse gas and operations. Between 2012 and 2050, with reference demand growth benchmarked to ICAO/GIACC (2009) forecasts

172

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the use of cracking and other advanced refinery operations to generate a product slate with substantial

173

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: (617) 253-9845 E-mail: globalchange@mit.edu Web site: http://web.mit.edu/globalchange/www/ Printed in their rates of heat uptake by the deep ocean. In this study, these properties are constrained by comparing

174

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Telephone: (617) 253-7492 Fax: (617) 253-9845 E-mail: globalchange@mit.edu Web site: http://web Cell and eliminates convection in the Southern Ocean. The deep ocean temperatures systematically

175

Climate change, global food supply and risk of hunger  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the number of people at risk of hunger. (a) Climate...the number of people at risk from hunger (Rosenzweig...of world population at risk from hunger (defined...with no major changes in political or economic context of...increased agricultural investment, reallocation of agricultural...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Global Change and Human Vulnerability to Vector-Borne Diseases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...autonomous (automatic as part of daily business) or planned (when...both vectors and pathogens also demands additional measures to delay...climate change using an irrigation demand model. Clim. Res. 14: 89-100...warming: asymmetric trends of daily maximum and minimum temperatures...

Robert W. Sutherst

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

The Phanerozoic Record of Global Sea-Level Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and contraction of seawater, and variations in groundwater and lake storage. Changes in ocean basin volume18O values than seawater (fig. S2) Ee.g., (8, 9)^. Oxygen isotope values provide a proxy-precipitation effects on seawater. (iii) Postdepositional alteration (dia- genesis) may overprint original d18O values

178

Assessment of Climate Change Effect to Regional and Global Biodiversity: a MetaAnalysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assessment of Climate Change Effect to Regional and Global Biodiversity: a Meta­Analysis Talk given on biodiversity main- tenance in regional ecosystems. Based on works by Hans van Houwelingen and colleagues, we. The effect of this change on biodiversity has been widely discussed where peer-review publications have

Breuer, Florian

179

U.S. Greenhouse Gas Intensity and the Global Climate Change Initiative (released in AEO2005)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

On February 14, 2002, President Bush announced the Administrations Global Climate Change Initiative. A key goal of the Climate Change Initiative is to reduce U.S. greenhouse gas intensity by 18% over the 2002 to 2012 time frame. For the purposes of the initiative, greenhouse gas intensity is defined as the ratio of total U.S. greenhouse gas emissions to economic output.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

U.S. Greenhouse Gas Intensity and the Global Climate Change Initiative (released in AEO2006)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

On February 14, 2002, President Bush announced the Administrations Global Climate Change Initiative. A key goal of the Climate Change Initiative is to reduce U.S. greenhouse gas (GHG) intensity-defined as the ratio of total U.S. GHG emissions to economic output-by 18% over the 2002 to 2012 time frame.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

The contribution of future agricultural trends in the US Midwest to global climate change mitigation  

SciTech Connect

Land use change is a complex response to changing environmental and socioeconomic systems. Historical drivers of land use change include changes in the natural resource availability of a region, changes in economic conditions for production of certain products and changing policies. Most recently, introduction of policy incentives for biofuel production have influenced land use change in the US Midwest, leading to concerns that bioenergy production systems may compete with food production and land conservation. Here we explore how land use may be impacted by future climate mitigation measures by nesting a high resolution agricultural model (EPIC – Environmental Policy Indicator Climate) for the US Midwest within a global integrated assessment model (GCAM – Global Change Assessment Model). This approach is designed to provide greater spatial resolution and detailed agricultural practice information by focusing on the climate mitigation potential of agriculture and land use in a specific region, while retaining the global economic context necessary to understand the far ranging effects of climate mitigation targets. We find that until the simulated carbon prices are very high, the US Midwest has a comparative advantage in producing traditional food and feed crops over bioenergy crops. Overall, the model responds to multiple pressures by adopting a mix of future responses. We also find that the GCAM model is capable of simulations at multiple spatial scales and agricultural technology resolution, which provides the capability to examine regional response to global policy and economic conditions in the context of climate mitigation.

Thomson, Allison M.; Kyle, G. Page; Zhang, Xuesong; Bandaru, Varaprasad; West, Tristram O.; Wise, Marshall A.; Izaurralde, Roberto C.; Calvin, Katherine V.

2014-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

182

O P I N I O N Changing the way we think about global change research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Department of Global Ecology, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 260 Panama Street, Palo Alto, CA 94305-1297, USA, }Department of Environmental, Population and Organismic Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309

183

GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE: SOME IMPLICATIONS, OPPORTUNITIES. AND CHALLENGES FOR U.S. FORESTRY  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE: SOME IMPLICATIONS, OPPORTUNITIES. GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE: SOME IMPLICATIONS, OPPORTUNITIES. AND CHALLENGES FOR U.S. FORESTRY G. Marland' Ahsiract.--It is widcly agrccd that thc concentration of greenhouse gases in the earth's atmosphcrc is increasing, that this increase is a consequence of man's activities, and that there is signilicant risk that this will lead to changes in the earth's climate. T h c qucstion is now k i n g discusscd what, if anything, we should be doing to minimize and/or adapt to changes in climate. Virtually evcry statcmcnt on this matter; from the G.S. Oflice of Tcchnology Assessment. to the National Acadcmy of Science, to the Nairobi Declaration on Climatic Change. includes some recommendation for planting and protecting forests. In fact, forestry is intimately involved in the climate change

184

An Integrated Assessment Framework for Uncertainty Studies in Global and Regional Climate Change: The IGSM-CAM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes an integrated assessment framework for uncertainty studies in global and regional climate change. In this framework, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Integrated Global System Model (IGSM), ...

Monier, Erwan

2012-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

185

Global warming and ice ages: I. prospects for physics based modulation of global change  

SciTech Connect

It has been suggested that large-scale climate changes, mostly due to atmospheric injection of greenhouse gases connected with fossil-fired energy production, should be forestalled by internationally-agreed reductions in, e.g., electricity generation. The potential economic impacts of such limitations are obviously large: greater than or equal to $10{sup 11}/year. We propose that for far smaller - less than 1% - the mean thermal effects of greenhouse gases may be obviated in any of several distinct ways, some of them novel. These suggestions are all based on scatterers that prevent a small fraction of solar radiation from reaching all or part of the Earth. We propose research directed to quite near-term realization of one or more of these inexpensive approaches to cancel the effects of the greenhouse gas injection. While the magnitude of the climatic impact of greenhouse gases is currently uncertain, the prospect of severe failure of the climate, for instance at the onset of the next Ice Age, is undeniable. The proposals in this paper may lead to quite practical methods to reduce or eliminate all climate failures.

Teller, E.; Wood, L.; Hyde, R.

1996-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

186

Local Implications of Globally Restricted Mobility: A study of Queenstown’s vulnerability to peak oil and climate change.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis employs a case study approach to investigate local implications of globally restricted mobility by examining Queenstown’s vulnerability to peak oil and climate change.… (more)

Walsh, Tim

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Change in regime and transfer function models of global solar radiation in Kuwait  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The development of the models for global solar radiation in Kuwait is based on removing the annual periodicity and seasonal variation. The first methodology used here is the change in regime technique that relies on dividing the observations into two ... Keywords: ARMA model, Harmonic analysis, Solar radiation, Transfer function

S. A. Al-Awadhi

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Response of global soil consumption of atmospheric methane to changes in atmospheric climate and nitrogen deposition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Response of global soil consumption of atmospheric methane to changes in atmospheric climate June 2013. [1] Soil consumption of atmospheric methane plays an important secondary role in regulating). Here we used a process-based biogeochemistry model to quantify soil consumption during the 20th and 21

189

Building a Global Federation System for Climate Change Research: The Earth System Grid Center for Enabling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Building a Global Federation System for Climate Change Research: The Earth System Grid Center for Enabling Technologies (ESG-CET) The Earth System Grid Center for Enabling Technologies Team: R Ananthakrishnan1 , D E Bernholdt7,9 , S Bharathi8 , D Brown5 , M Chen7 , A L Chervenak8 , L Cinquini5 , R Drach3

Chervenak, Ann

190

1988 Pilot Institute on Global Change on trace gases and the biosphere  

SciTech Connect

This proposal seeks multi-agency funding to conduct an international, multidisciplinary 1988 Pilot Institute on Global Change to take place from August 7 through 21, 1988, on the topic: Trace Gases and the Biosphere. The institute, to be held in Snowmass, Colorado, is envisioned as a pilot version of a continuing series of institutes on Global Change (IGC). This proposal seeks support for the 1988 pilot institute only. The concept and structure for the continuing series, and the definition of the 1988 pilot institute, were developed at an intensive and multidisciplinary Summer Institute Planning Meeting in Boulder, Colorado, on August 24--25, 1987. The theme for the 1988 PIGC, Trace Gases and the Biosphere, will focus a concerted, high-level multidisciplinary effort on a scientific problem central to the Global Change Program. Dramatic year-to-year increases in the global concentrations of radiatively-active trace gases such as methane and carbon dioxide are now well documented. The predicted climatic effects of these changes lend special urgency to efforts to study the biospheric sources and sinks of these gases and to clarify their interactions and role in the geosphere-biosphere system.

Eddy, J.A.; Moore, B. III

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

POTENTIAL EFFECTS OF GLOBAL CLIMATIC CHANGE ON THE PHENOLOGY AND YIELD OF MAIZE IN VENEZUELA *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

POTENTIAL EFFECTS OF GLOBAL CLIMATIC CHANGE ON THE PHENOLOGY AND YIELD OF MAIZE IN VENEZUELA de Ciencias, Universidad de Los Andes, Mdrida 5101, Venezuela 21nstitute of Applied Sciences, Venezuela 4Centro de Estudios Avanzados del Clima Tropical (CEACT), Ministerio deI Ambiente y de los

Robock, Alan

192

BHS Third International Symposium, Managing Consequences of a Changing Global Environment, Newcastle 2010 British Hydrological Society  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the ground is sensitive to water content changes, largely insensitive to soil chemistry and inversely of terrestrial surfaces downwind has been recognized for decades. Early analysis of the global water budget (e, contributing to precipitation downwind. Similarly, early studies of the isotropic content of water (e.g. Salati

Zreda, Marek

193

U.S. Department of Energy Global Change Fellowships, 1991-2006: Participant Follow-Up  

SciTech Connect

This report provides information on the impact of two U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) programs supporting graduate study related to global change. The information was obtained from former fellows in the two programs, and the report examines their subsequent careers and the benefits of program participation.

Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

National Conference and Global Forum on Science, Policy and the Environment Energy and Climate Change  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The 15th National Conference and Global Forum on Science, Policy and the Environment: Energy and Climate Change will develop and advance partnerships that focus on transitioning the world to a new "low carbon" and "climate resilient" energy system. It will emphasize putting ideas into action - moving forward on policy and practice.

195

ZOL 897 Ecosystem Ecology & Global Change (4 credits) Course Information and Requirements (Spring 2013)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

@kbs.msu.edu. Synopsis: An understanding of ecology at the ecosystem level provides the "big picture" that is essential, however, that you will be willing to give us your frank and constructive feedback so that we may instruct: Forms of C; Global budgets; Human perturbation Jan 17 Discussion: Climate change basics and GHG effect

196

GLOBAL CHANGE ECOLOGY -ORIGINAL RESEARCH Ecosystems effects 25 years after Chernobyl: pollinators,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GLOBAL CHANGE ECOLOGY - ORIGINAL RESEARCH Ecosystems effects 25 years after Chernobyl: pollinators, fruit abundance and abundance of frugivores. Given that the Chernobyl disaster happened 25 years ago of a suppressed pollinator community on ecosystem functioning. Keywords Chernobyl Á Ecosystem functioning Á Fruits

Mousseau, Timothy A.

197

GLOBAL CHANGE ECOLOGY -ORIGINAL RESEARCH Ecosystems effects 25 years after Chernobyl: pollinators,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GLOBAL CHANGE ECOLOGY - ORIGINAL RESEARCH Ecosystems effects 25 years after Chernobyl: pollinators, pollinator abundance, fruit abundance and abundance of frugivores. Given that the Chernobyl disaster happened of a suppressed pollinator community on ecosystem functioning. Keywords Chernobyl Á Ecosystem functioning Á Fruits

Mousseau, Timothy A.

198

A Summary Report Keeping pace with changing global markets, meeting world demand for a host  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Manitoba): cor- ridors, demand, energy, information, and people. Corridors and the big picture StewartA Summary Report Keeping pace with changing global markets, meeting world demand for a host, transportation infrastructure, ports, railroads, biofuels and agricultural byproducts, and transportation

Minnesota, University of

199

Supply of carbon sequestration and biodiversity services from Australia's agricultural land under global change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Global agroecosystems can contribute to both climate change mitigation and biodiversity conservation, and market mechanisms provide a highly prospective means of achieving these outcomes. However, the ability of markets to motivate the supply of carbon sequestration and biodiversity services from agricultural land is uncertain, especially given the future changes in environmental, economic, and social drivers. We quantified the potential supply of these services from the intensive agricultural land of Australia from 2013 to 2050 under four global outlooks in response to a carbon price and biodiversity payment scheme. Each global outlook specified emissions pathways, climate, food demand, energy price, and carbon price modeled using the Global Integrated Assessment Model (GIAM). Using a simplified version of the Land Use Trade-Offs (LUTO) model, economic returns to agriculture, carbon plantings, and environmental plantings were calculated each year. The supply of carbon sequestration and biodiversity services was then quantified given potential land use change under each global outlook, and the sensitivity of the results to key parameters was assessed. We found that carbon supply curves were similar across global outlooks. Sharp increases in carbon sequestration supply occurred at carbon prices exceeding 50 $ tCO2?1 in 2015 and exceeding 65 $ tCO2?1 in 2050. Based on GIAM-modeled carbon prices, little carbon sequestration was expected at 2015 under any global outlook. However, at 2050 expected carbon supply under each outlook differed markedly, ranging from 0 to 189 MtCO2 yr?1. Biodiversity services of 3.32% of the maximum may be achieved in 2050 for a 1 $B investment under median scenario settings. We conclude that a carbon market can motivate supply of substantial carbon sequestration but only modest amounts of biodiversity services from agricultural land. A complementary biodiversity payment can synergistically increase the supply of biodiversity services but will not provide much additional carbon sequestration. The results were sensitive to global drivers, especially the carbon price, and the domestic drivers of adoption hurdle rate and agricultural productivity. The results can inform the design of an effective national policy and institutional portfolio addressing the dual objectives of climate change and biodiversity conservation that is robust to future uncertainty in both national and global drivers.

B.A. Bryan; M. Nolan; T.D. Harwood; J.D. Connor; J. Navarro-Garcia; D. King; D.M. Summers; D. Newth; Y. Cai; N. Grigg; I. Harman; N.D. Crossman; M.J. Grundy; J.J. Finnigan; S. Ferrier; K.J. Williams; K.A. Wilson; E.A. Law; S. Hatfield-Dodds

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Digest of Global Initiatives (June 16, 2011)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: The economies of the US and China are the globally dominant drivers of fossil fuel consumption and the releasePartnership: The China-US Joint Research Center for Ecosystem and Environmental Change Countries: China Scope, and practical protocols for the best solutions for global energy, climate, and environmental problems. More than

Ginzel, Matthew

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Climate Change over the Equatorial Indo-Pacific in Global Warming* CHIE IHARA, YOCHANAN KUSHNIR, AND MARK A. CANE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Climate Change over the Equatorial Indo-Pacific in Global Warming* CHIE IHARA, YOCHANAN KUSHNIR to global warming is investigated using model outputs submitted to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate equatorial Indian Ocean warm more than the SSTs in the eastern equatorial Indian Ocean under global warming

202

Tropical Cyclone Changes in the Western North Pacific in a Global Warming Scenario MARKUS STOWASSER, YUQING WANG, AND KEVIN HAMILTON  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tropical Cyclone Changes in the Western North Pacific in a Global Warming Scenario MARKUS STOWASSER The influence of global warming on the climatology of tropical cyclones in the western North Pacific basin Model version 2 (CCSM2) coupled global climate model. The regional model is first tested in 10 yr

Wang, Yuqing

203

Globalization and population drivers of rural-urban land-use change in Chihuahua, Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A thorough examination of the causes of land-use change is necessary to effectively deal with the magnitude of changes across the globe. Chihuahua, Mexico is experiencing rapid land-use changes due to processes of globalization. The emergence of Mexico's maquiladora program is an indicator of economic globalization that has had far-reaching social and environmental consequences. This article examines population and income patterns from 1970 to 2000 as part of a hierarchical system and tests whether or not processes of globalization can be detected in the patterns. Findings indicate that population and income concentrate primarily in Juarez, while simultaneously deconcentrating in most other municipios of the State. Moreover, these patterns correlate with patterns of maquiladora concentration. Additional findings identify proximity to the US and established urban centers as drivers of population concentration. These findings support the notion that patterns and processes of globalization are important drivers of population and income concentration at the local level in Chihuahua, Mexico. Finally, the findings support the conceptualization of population land-use and income concentration as part of a hierarchical system.

Nate Currit; William E. Easterling

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Governing Climate Change Post-2012: The Role of Global Cities Case-Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

instruments ­ the Clean Development Mechanism, Emissions Trading and Joint Implementation ­ and issues

Watson, Andrew

205

Effects of 20002050 changes in climate and emissions on global tropospheric ozone and the policy-relevant background surface ozone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) project major changes in anthro- pogenic emissions of greenhouse gases and ozone precur- sors over the 2Effects of 2000­2050 changes in climate and emissions on global tropospheric ozone and the policy; published 27 September 2008. [1] We use a global chemical transport model (GEOS-Chem) driven by a general

Mickley, Loretta J.

206

Chapter Thirty-Six - The Implications of Global Warming and Climate Change on Waterborne Diseases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The distribution of pathogens and the incidence of waterborne disease outbreaks are closely linked to environmental and climatic conditions. Global climate change will affect the hydrological cycle in many different ways that will influence waterborne pathogen survival, infectivity and distribution. These changes include frequency and intensity of heavy rainfall events leading to higher surface runoff and flooding, droughts, increased temperatures and sea level rise. Indirectly, this will impact on the effectiveness of traditional infrastructural and the barrier approach to pathogen control on which water industry has evolved and now relies. Climate change will also result in an alteration in the behaviour of populations and test their ability to cope with changes in risk from infection and possible failures in the barriers that protect them from pathogens. The effect of climate change on the risk from waterborne diseases will differ between tropical and temperate areas, and developed and developing countries. Those countries with a well-developed water and wastewater treatment infrastructure will be least affected. The key to overcoming these problems is an awareness of the potential risks to pathogen distribution and infectivity caused by global warming and the implementation of an integrated approach to pathogen safety through the implementation of water security and water safety plans. The United Nations Millennium Development Goal to halve the number of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation by 2015 is unlikely to be achieved. Global warming is increasing the number of people falling into this category each year, as well as making it far more difficult to achieve the vital goal. Disinfection will remain the major technique of ensuring drinking water is free from waterborne microorganisms, but it must be seen as part of a larger integrated approach to water resource protection which will become increasingly difficult as global warming continues to create uncertainties in our climate.

Nicholas F. Gray

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

A Report of the EMF 19 Study on Technology and Global Climate Change Policies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

REPORT ON THE EMF 19 STUDY ON REPORT ON THE EMF 19 STUDY ON TECHNOLOGY AND GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE POLICIES David J. Beecy (david.beecy@hq.doe.gov; 301-903-2786) Office of Environmental Systems Technology U.S. Department of Energy 19901 Germantown Road GTN, FE-23, E-133 Germantown, MD 20545 Andy S. Kydes (akydes@eia.doe.gov; 202-586-0883) Integrated Analysis and Forecasting, EI-80 Energy Information Administration U.S. Department of Energy 100 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 Richard G. Richels (rrichels@epri.com; 650-855-2602) Global Climate Change Program Electric Power Research Institute 3412 Hillview Avenue Palo Alto, CA 94304 John P. Weyant (weyant@stanford.edu; 650-723-3506) Department of Management Science & Engineering Terman Building: Room 406 Stanford University Stanford, CA 94305-4026

208

It's Not Too Late to Change Global Warming's Course - NERSC Science News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

It's Not Too Late to It's Not Too Late to Change Global Warming's Course It's Not Too Late to Change Global Warming's Course Simulations Show That Cuts in Greenhouse Gas Emissions Would Save Arctic Ice, Reduce Sea Level Rise October 27, 2009 | Tags: Climate Research mitigation1.jpg Computer simulations show the extent that average air temperatures at Earth's surface could warm by 2080-2099 compared to 1980-1999, if (top) greenhouse gases emissions continue to climb at current rates, or if (middle) society cuts emissions by 70 percent. In the latter case, temperatures rise by less than 2°C (3.6°F) across nearly all of Earth's populated areas (the bottom panel shows warming averted). However, unchecked emissions could lead to warming of 3°C (5.4°F) or more across parts of Europe, Asia, North America, and Australia. (Image: Geophysical

209

Global Change Biology (1996)2,169-182 Measurements of carbon sequestration by long-term  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global Change Biology (1996)2,169-182 Measurements of carbon sequestration by long-term eddy. The integrated carbon sequestration in 1994 was 2.1 t C ha-l y-l with a 90% confidence interval due to sampling an overall uncertainty on the annual carbon sequestration in 1994 of --0.3to +0.8 t C ha-l y-l. Keywords

Rose, Michael R.

210

Looking at Earth as a System Chapter 11 UnderstandingGlobalClimateChange 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Looking at Earth as a System Chapter 11 #12;UnderstandingGlobalClimateChange 2 A Systems Approach to Look at Earth 1.1 AdifferentwayofunderstandingEarth Notes1.1.1 If we are going to look at Earth and the house would end up either being too hot or too cold. #12;Looking at Earth as a System Chapter 13 Notes1

Howat, Ian M.

211

National Institute for Global Environmental Change. Semi-annual report, July 1, 1991--December 31, 1991  

SciTech Connect

This document is the Semi-Annual Report of the National Institute for Global Environmental Change for the reporting period July 1 to December 31, 1991. The report is in two parts. Part I presents the mission of the Institute, examples of progress toward that mission, a brief description of the revised management plan, and the financial report. Part II presents the statements of the Regional Center Directors along with progress reports of the projects written by the researchers themselves.

Werth, G.C.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Global climate change mitigation and sustainable forest management--The challenge of monitoring and verification  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, sustainable forest management is discussed within the historical and theoretical framework of the sustainable development debate. The various criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management put forth by different institutions are critically explored. Specific types of climate change mitigation policies/projects in the forest sector are identified and examined in the light of the general criteria for sustainable forest management. Areas of compatibility and contradiction between the climate mitigation objectives and the minimum criteria for sustainable forest management are identified and discussed. Emphasis is put on the problems of monitoring and verifying carbon benefits associated with such projects given their impacts on pre-existing policy objectives on sustainable forest management. The implications of such policy interactions on assignment of carbon credits from forest projects under Joint Implementation/Activities Implemented Jointly initiatives are discussed. The paper concludes that a comprehensive monitoring and verification regime must include an impact assessment on the criteria covered under other agreements such as the Biodiversity and/or Desertification Conventions. The actual carbon credit assigned to a specific project should at least take into account the negative impacts on the criteria for sustainable forest management. The value of the impacts and/or the procedure to evaluate them need to be established by interested parties such as the Councils of the respective Conventions.

Makundi, Willy R.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

213

A Complexity Science-Based Framework for Global Joint Operations Analysis to Support Force Projection: LDRD Final Report.  

SciTech Connect

The military is undergoing a significant transformation as it modernizes for the information age and adapts to address an emerging asymmetric threat beyond traditional cold war era adversaries. Techniques such as traditional large-scale, joint services war gaming analysis are no longer adequate to support program evaluation activities and mission planning analysis at the enterprise level because the operating environment is evolving too quickly. New analytical capabilities are necessary to address modernization of the Department of Defense (DoD) enterprise. This presents significant opportunity to Sandia in supporting the nation at this transformational enterprise scale. Although Sandia has significant experience with engineering system of systems (SoS) and Complex Adaptive System of Systems (CASoS), significant fundamental research is required to develop modeling, simulation and analysis capabilities at the enterprise scale. This report documents an enterprise modeling framework which will enable senior level decision makers to better understand their enterprise and required future investments.

Lawton, Craig R.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Global climate change model natural climate variation: Paleoclimate data base, probabilities and astronomic predictors  

SciTech Connect

This report was prepared at the Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory of Columbia University at Palisades, New York, under subcontract to Pacific Northwest Laboratory it is a part of a larger project of global climate studies which supports site characterization work required for the selection of a potential high-level nuclear waste repository and forms part of the Performance Assessment Scientific Support (PASS) Program at PNL. The work under the PASS Program is currently focusing on the proposed site at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, and is under the overall direction of the Yucca Mountain Project Office US Department of Energy, Las Vegas, Nevada. The final results of the PNL project will provide input to global atmospheric models designed to test specific climate scenarios which will be used in the site specific modeling work of others. The primary purpose of the data bases compiled and of the astronomic predictive models is to aid in the estimation of the probabilities of future climate states. The results will be used by two other teams working on the global climate study under contract to PNL. They are located at and the University of Maine in Orono, Maine, and the Applied Research Corporation in College Station, Texas. This report presents the results of the third year`s work on the global climate change models and the data bases describing past climates.

Kukla, G.; Gavin, J. [Columbia Univ., Palisades, NY (United States). Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

DOE Joint Genome Institute: Sentinel of Change: Water Flea Genome to  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

February 3, 2011 February 3, 2011 Sentinel of Change: Water Flea Genome to Improve Environmental Monitoring Capabilities WALNUT CREEK, Calif.-A tiny crustacean that has been used for decades to develop and monitor environmental regulations is the first of its kind to have its genetic code sequenced and analyzed-revealing the most gene-packed animal characterized to date. The information deciphered could help researchers develop and conduct real-time monitoring systems of the effects of environmental remediation efforts. Daphnia pulex (commonly called water flea) Photo: Dr. Jan Michels, Christian-Albrechts-University, Kiel Daphnia pulex (commonly called water flea) Considered a keystone species in freshwater ecosystems, the water flea, Daphnia pulex, is roughly the size of the equal sign on a keyboard. Its 200

216

Circular Retribution: The Effects of Climate Change on U .S. and Global Economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of global oil supply, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and the Unitedof global oil supply, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and the United

Prescher, Hannes

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Projecting Impacts of Global Climate Change on the U.S. Forest and Agriculture Sectors and Carbon Budgets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Projecting Impacts of Global Climate Change on the U.S. Forest and Agriculture Sectors and Carbon impacts of climate change on the sectors. We find that less cropland is projected to be converted climate change on the two sectors vary over the 100-year projection period. The forest sector is found

McCarl, Bruce A.

218

Gene expression profiling--Opening the black box of plant ecosystem responses to global change  

SciTech Connect

The use of genomic techniques to address ecological questions is emerging as the field of genomic ecology. Experimentation under environmentally realistic conditions to investigate the molecular response of plants to meaningful changes in growth conditions and ecological interactions is the defining feature of genomic ecology. Since the impact of global change factors on plant performance are mediated by direct effects at the molecular, biochemical and physiological scales, gene expression analysis promises important advances in understanding factors that have previously been consigned to the 'black box' of unknown mechanism. Various tools and approaches are available for assessing gene expression in model and non-model species as part of global change biology studies. Each approach has its own unique advantages and constraints. A first generation of genomic ecology studies in managed ecosystems and mesocosms have provided a testbed for the approach and have begun to reveal how the experimental design and data analysis of gene expression studies can be tailored for use in an ecological context.

Leakey, A.D.B.; Ainsworth, E.A.; Bernard, S.M.; Markelz, R.J.C.; Ort, D.R.; Placella, S.A.P.; Rogers, A.; Smith, M.D.; Sudderth, E.A.; Weston, D.J.; Wullschleger, S.D.; Yuan, S.

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Global Climate Change and the Transportation Sector: An Update on Issues and Mitigation Options  

SciTech Connect

It is clear from numerous energy/economic modeling exercises that addressing the challenges posed by global climate change will eventually require the active participation of all industrial sectors and all consumers on the planet. Yet, these and similar modeling exercises indicate that large stationary CO2 point sources (e.g., refineries and fossil-fired electric power plants) are often the first targets considered for serious CO2 emissions mitigation. Without participation of all sectors of the global economy, however, the challenges of climate change mitigation will not be met. Because of its operating characteristics, price structure, dependence on virtually one energy source (oil), enormous installed infrastructure, and limited technology alternatives, at least in the near-term, the transportation sector will likely represent a particularly difficult challenge for CO2 emissions mitigation. Our research shows that climate change induced price signals (i.e., putting a price on carbon that is emitted to the atmosphere) are in the near term insufficient to drive fundamental shifts in demand for energy services or to transform the way these services are provided in the transportation sector. We believe that a technological revolution will be necessary to accomplish the significant reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector. This paper presents an update of ongoing research into a variety of technological options that exist for decarbonizing the transportation sector and the various tradeoffs among them.

Geffen, CA; Dooley, JJ; Kim, SH

2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

220

Sensitivity of China's ozone air quality to 2000-2050 global changes of1 climate and emissions2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Sensitivity of China's ozone air quality to 2000-2050 global changes of1 climate and emissions2 3 emissions of ozone precursors. The climate and16 emission effect in combination will increase afternoon mean increases18 in global (excluding China) anthropogenic emissions, 37% to Chinese emission19 increases

Wu, Shiliang

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

15.023J / 12.848J / ESD.128J Global Climate Change: Economics, Science, and Policy, Spring 2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduces scientific, economic, and ecological issues underlying the threat of global climate change, and the institutions engaged in negotiating an international response. Develops an integrated approach to analysis of ...

Jacoby, Henry D.

222

Response of tropical sea surface temperature, precipitation, and tropical cyclone-related variables to changes in global and local forcing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A single-column model is used to estimate the equilibrium response of sea surface temperature (SST), precipitation, and several variables related to tropical cyclone (TC) activity to changes in both local and global forcing. ...

Sobel, Adam

223

15.023J / 12.848J / ESD.128J Global Climate Change: Economics, Science, and Policy, Spring 2004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduces scientific, economic, and ecological issues underlying the threat of global climate change, and the institutions engaged in negotiating an international response. Develops an integrated approach to analysis of ...

Jacoby, Henry D.

224

Energy and Climate Change: 15th National Conference and Global Forum on Science, Policy, and the Environment  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The 15th National Conference and Global Forum on Science, Policy and the Environment: Energy and Climate Change will develop and advance partnerships that focus on transitioning the world to a new ...

225

Global climate change, land management, and biosolids application to semiarid grasslands  

SciTech Connect

Global climate change combined with improper land management, including over-grazing, can lead to a severe reduction in plant cover and soil productivity. This process is especially common in arid and semiarid regions with sparse vegetation cover. New and innovative methods of land management are needed to restore and maintain these ecosystems in a productive and sustainable state. Research conducted in New Mexico on the Rio Puerco Resource Area and the Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge has shown that biosolids (municipal sewage sludge) application to semiarid grasslands can increase soil nutrient availability, increase plant cover and productivity, and decrease surface runoff and soil erosion without harming environmental quality.

Loftin, S.R. [Forest Service, Albuquerque, NM (United States). Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

226

Estimating future global per capita water availability based on changes in climate and population  

SciTech Connect

Human populations are profoundly affected by water stress, or the lack of sufficient per capita available freshwater. Water stress can result from overuse of available freshwater resources or from a reduction in the amount of available water due to decreases in rainfall and stored water supplies. Analyzing the interrelationship between human populations and water availability is complicated by the uncertainties associated with climate change projections and population projections. We present a simple methodology developed to integrate disparate climate and population data sources and develop first-order per capita water availability projections at the global scale. Simulations from the coupled land-ocean-atmosphere Community Climate System Model version 3 (CCSM3) forced with a range of hypothetical greenhouse gas emissions scenarios are used to project grid-based changes in precipitation minus evapotranspiration as proxies for changes in runoff, or fresh water supply. Population growth changes according to several Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) storylines are used as proxies for changes in fresh water demand by 2025, 2050 and 2100. These freshwater supply and demand projections are then combined to yield estimates of per capita water availability aggregated by watershed and political unit. Results suggest that important insights might be extracted from the use of the process developed here, notably including the identification of the globe s most vulnerable regions in need of more detailed analysis and the relative importance of population growth versus climate change in in altering future freshwater supplies. However, these are only exemplary insights and, as such, could be considered hypotheses that should be rigorously tested with multiple climate models, multiple observational climate datasets, and more comprehensive population change storylines.

Parish, Esther S [ORNL; Kodra, Evan [Northeastern University; Ganguly, Auroop R [Northeastern University; Steinhaeuser, Karsten [University of Minnesota

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

A Global Land System Framework for Integrated Climate-Change Assessments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Land ecosystems play a major role in the global cycles of energy, water, carbon and nutrients. A Global Land System (GLS) framework has been developed for the Integrated Global Systems Model Version 2 (IGSM2) to simulate ...

Schlosser, C. Adam

228

Review: The Global Warming Reader: A Century of Writing About Climate Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review: The Global Warming Reader: A Century of WritingMcKibben, Bill, ed. The Global Warming Reader: A Century ofrecord of no action on global warming. Those who have done

Anderson, Byron P.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Global modeling of cancer gene expression signa-Cancer leads to permanent changes in cell's physiological state and various  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global modeling of cancer gene expression signa- tures Cancer leads to permanent changes in cell cancer types. Less is known about the underlying biological processes, or relationships between different cancer types with respect to these changes. While each specific cancer type has a set of unique

Kaski, Samuel

230

Trends '91: A compendium of data on global change---highlights  

SciTech Connect

The Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been prompted to produce the series Trends, a concise inventory of data in response to heightened concern about global environmental issues, in particular climate changes induced by the greenhouse effect. This report contains extracts from Trends '91 to illustrate the content, style, and presentation of data contained in the full 700-page report. This report includes a listing of the investigators contributing data for Trends '91. In addition, it contains the abstract, foreword, and acknowledgments, as well as the introduction and a sample data record from each of the reports's five chapters. The chapters are Atmospheric CO[sub 2],'' Atmospheric CH[sub 4],'' Other Trace Gases,'' CO[sub 2] Emissions,'' and Temperature.'' Appendix A provides information about CDIAC and its activities related to global environmental issues. Appendix B lists the contents of the full report. An order form for obtaining a free copy of Trends '91 is found in Appendix C.

Boden, T.A.; Sepanski, R.J.; Stoss, F.W. (eds.)

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Trends `91: A compendium of data on global change---highlights  

SciTech Connect

The Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been prompted to produce the series Trends, a concise inventory of data in response to heightened concern about global environmental issues, in particular climate changes induced by the greenhouse effect. This report contains extracts from Trends `91 to illustrate the content, style, and presentation of data contained in the full 700-page report. This report includes a listing of the investigators contributing data for Trends `91. In addition, it contains the abstract, foreword, and acknowledgments, as well as the introduction and a sample data record from each of the reports`s five chapters. The chapters are ``Atmospheric CO{sub 2},`` ``Atmospheric CH{sub 4},`` ``Other Trace Gases,`` ``CO{sub 2} Emissions,`` and ``Temperature.`` Appendix A provides information about CDIAC and its activities related to global environmental issues. Appendix B lists the contents of the full report. An order form for obtaining a free copy of Trends `91 is found in Appendix C.

Boden, T.A.; Sepanski, R.J.; Stoss, F.W. [eds.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Probability distributions for regional climate change from uncertain global mean warming and uncertain scaling relationship Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 11(3), 10971114, 2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Probability distributions for regional climate change from uncertain global mean warming of probability distributions for regional climate change from uncertain global mean warming and an uncertain/precipitation per degree global mean warming. Each scaling variable is assumed to be normally distributed

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

233

Global Warming What is Climate? Ocean's Role in Climate Change Uncertainty Quantification, the Next Frontier The Role Played by Oceans in Climate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global Warming What is Climate? Ocean's Role in Climate Change Uncertainty Quantification, the Next Department University of Arizona October 11, 2008 #12;Global Warming What is Climate? Ocean's Role in Climate, Undergraduate Students: 2. UQGQG #12;Global Warming What is Climate? Ocean's Role in Climate Change Uncertainty

Restrepo, Juan M.

234

An integrated assessment modeling framework for uncertainty studies in global and regional climate change: the MIT IGSM-CAM (version 1.0)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes a computationally efficient framework for uncertainty studies in global and regional climate change. In this framework, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Integrated Global System Model ...

Monier, Erwan

235

Global Climate Change and the Unique Challenges Posed by the Transportation Sector  

SciTech Connect

Addressing the challenges posed by global climate change will eventually require the active participation of all industrial sectors and consumers on the planet. To date, however, most efforts to address climate change have focused on only a few sectors of the economy (e.g., refineries and fossil-fired electric power plants) and a handful of large industrialized nations. While useful as a starting point, these efforts must be expanded to include other sectors of the economy and other nations. The transportation sector presents some unique challenges, with its nearly exclusive dependence on petroleum based products as a fuel source coupled with internal combustion engines as the prime mover. Reducing carbon emissions from transportation systems is unlikely to be solely accomplished by traditional climate mitigation policies that place a price on carbon. Our research shows that price signals alone are unlikely to fundamentally alter the demand for energy services or to transform the way energy services are provided in the transportation sector. We believe that a technological revolution will be necessary to accomplish the significant reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector.

Dooley, J.J.; Geffen, C.A.; Edmonds, J.A.

2002-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

236

Our changing planet: The FY 1993 US global-change research program. A supplement to the US President's Fiscal Year 1993 budget  

SciTech Connect

An improved predictive understanding of the integrated Earth system, including human interactions, will provide direct benefits by anticipating and planning for possible impacts on commerce, agriculture, energy, resource utilization, human safety, and environmental quality. The central goal of the U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) is to help establish the scientific understanding and the basis for national and international policymaking related to natural and human-induced changes in the global Earth system. This will be accomplished through: (1) establishing an integrated, comprehensive, long-term program of documenting the Earth system on a global scale; (2) conducting a program of focused studies to improve understanding of the physical, geological, chemical, biological, and social processes that influence the Earth system processes; and (3) developing integrated conceptual and predictive Earth system models.

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Global change and local solutions: Tapping the unrealized potential of citizen science for biodiversity research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The collective impact of humans on biodiversity rivals mass extinction events defining Earth’s history, but does our large population also present opportunities to document and contend with this crisis? We provide the first quantitative review of biodiversity-related citizen science to determine whether data collected by these projects can be, and are currently being, effectively used in biodiversity research. We find strong evidence of the potential of citizen science: within projects we sampled (n = 388), ?1.3 million volunteers participate, contributing up to $2.5 billion in-kind annually. These projects exceed most federally-funded studies in spatial and temporal extent, and collectively they sample a breadth of taxonomic diversity. However, only 12% of the 388 projects surveyed obviously provide data to peer-reviewed scientific articles, despite the fact that a third of these projects have verifiable, standardized data that are accessible online. Factors influencing publication included project spatial scale and longevity and having publically available data, as well as one measure of scientific rigor (taxonomic identification training). Because of the low rate at which citizen science data reach publication, the large and growing citizen science movement is likely only realizing a small portion of its potential impact on the scientific research community. Strengthening connections between professional and non-professional participants in the scientific process will enable this large data resource to be better harnessed to understand and address global change impacts on biodiversity.

E.J. Theobald; A.K. Ettinger; H.K. Burgess; L.B. DeBey; N.R. Schmidt; H.E. Froehlich; C. Wagner; J. HilleRisLambers; J. Tewksbury; M.A. Harsch; J.K. Parrish

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Scientist warns against overselling climate change Climate change forecasters should admit that they cannot predict how global warming will affect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

forward on climate change, he said the data produced by models used to project weather changes risks beingScientist warns against overselling climate change Climate change forecasters should admit climate ­ with dangerous results. Related Articles Second biggest wind farm to be built off UK (/earth

Stevenson, Paul

239

Global Warming, and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: Interview with Ron Stouffer Global Warming, and the Intergovernmental  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

significantly changed with the plant species diversity. As expected, GeoChip 3.0 is a high-throughput powerful Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA and 8 Virtual Institute Keywords: microarray; functional genes; microbial community; plant diversity Introduction Microorganisms

240

Accounting for global-mean warming and scaling uncertainties in climate change impact studies Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 11(3), 12071226, 2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accounting for global-mean warming and scaling uncertainties in climate change impact studies 1207(s) 2007. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Accounting for global-mean warming from a few regional climate model runs are scaled, based on different global-mean warming projections

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

The Persistently Variable “Background” Stratospheric Aerosol Layer and Global Climate Change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...in global radiative forcing (Fig. 3) over the past decade. The model has been extensively compared to other Earth system models of intermediate complexity as well as to Atmosphere-Ocean General Circulation Models [AOGCMs, see (28...

S. Solomon; J. S. Daniel; R. R. Neely III; J.-P. Vernier; E. G. Dutton; L. W. Thomason

2011-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

242

A review of global ocean temperature observations: Implications for ocean heat content estimates and climate change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

S. A. Grodsky (2005), Sea level rise and the warming of thecontributions to sea level rise, Oceanography, 24, 112–121,acceleration in global sea-level rise, Geophys. Res. Lett. ,

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Climate Change and a Global City: An Assessment of the Metropolitan East Coast (MEC) Region.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and wastewater processing plants are located at critical low elevations. They are exposed to coastal or riverine cities in the US and the world face similar problems. Sea level rise is a global issue of increasing

244

Global Variations in Oceanic Evaporation (1958–2005): The Role of the Changing Wind Speed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Global estimates of oceanic evaporation (Evp) from 1958 to 2005 have been recently developed by the Objectively Analyzed Air–Sea Fluxes (OAFlux) project at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI). The nearly 50-yr time series shows that ...

Lisan Yu

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

The Politics and Culture of Climate Change: US Actors and Global Implications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Despite the scientific consensus on global warming, many people in the USA,—both ordinary citizens and elected leaders alike—remain skeptical of the need to act, and in fact remain skeptical of the idea that h...

Charles Waugh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

The Hadley and Walker Circulation Changes in Global Warming Conditions Described by Idealized Atmospheric Simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sea surface temperature (SST) changes constitute a major indicator and driver of climate changes induced by greenhouse gas increases. The objective of the present study is to investigate the role played by the detailed structure of the SST change ...

Guillaume Gastineau; Laurent Li; Hervé Le Treut

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

FTT:Power : A global model of the power sector with induced technological change and natural resource depletion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work introduces a model of Future Technology Transformations for the power sector (FTT:Power), a representation of global power systems based on market competition, induced technological change (ITC) and natural resource use and depletion. It is the first component of a family of sectoral bottom-up models of technology, designed for integration into the global macroeconometric model E3MG. ITC occurs as a result of technological learning produced by cumulative investment and leads to highly nonlinear, irreversible and path dependent technological transitions. The model uses a dynamic coupled set of logistic differential equations. As opposed to traditional bottom-up energy models based on systems optimisation, such differential equations offer an appropriate treatment of the times and structure of change involved in sectoral technology transformations, as well as a much reduced computational load. Resource use and depletion are represented by local cost-supply curves, which give rise to different regional...

Mercure, J -F

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Climate Impacts of Land-Cover and Land-Use Changes in Tropical Islands under Conditions of Global Climate Change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Land-cover and land-use (LCLU) changes have significant climate impacts in tropical coastal regions with the added complexity of occurring within the context of a warming climate. The individual and combined effects of these two factors in ...

Daniel E. Comarazamy; Jorge E. González; Jeffrey C. Luvall; Douglas L. Rickman; Robert D. Bornstein

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Joint Statement by Energy Ministers of G8, The People's Republic of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Joint Statement by Energy Ministers of G8, The People's Republic Joint Statement by Energy Ministers of G8, The People's Republic of China, India and The Republic of Korea (June 2008) Joint Statement by Energy Ministers of G8, The People's Republic of China, India and The Republic of Korea (June 2008) Energy Ministers of the G8, The People's Republic of China, India and The Republic of Korea met in Aomori, Japan on 8 June 2008 in order to discuss the globally significant issues related to addressing energy security and climate change. Joint Statement by Energy Ministers of G8, The People's Republic of China, India and The Republic of Korea (June 2008) More Documents & Publications Joint Statement by Energy Ministers of G8, The People's Republic of China, India and The Republic of Korea (Energy Efficiency) IEA Response System for Oil Supply Emergencies 2012

250

Ceramic joints  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Butt joints between materials having different coefficients of thermal expansion are prepared having a reduced probability of failure of stress facture. This is accomplished by narrowing/tapering the material having the lower coefficient of thermal expansion in a direction away from the joint interface and not joining the narrow-tapered surface to the material having the higher coefficient of thermal expansion.

Miller, Bradley J. (Worcester, MA); Patten, Jr., Donald O. (Sterling, MA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Chemical biotechnology: microbial solutions to global change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in designing platform organisms including E. coli and S. cerevisiae for the synthesis of important chemicalsAvailable online at www.sciencedirect.com Chemical biotechnology: microbial solutions to global. DOI 10.1016/j.copbio.2008.10.008 Huimin Zhao Departments of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering

Chen, Wilfred

252

SYNTHESIS Ecotypic variation in the context of global climate change: revisiting the rules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Yoram Yom-Tov6 1 Redpath Museum, McGill University, 859 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, QC, Canada H3A, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH 8057 Zu¨ rich, Switzerland 6 Department of Zoology, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978). In light of the increased rate of global warming, we urgently require a clear understanding

Yom-Tov, Yoram

253

.Industrial Ecology and Global Change R. SOCOLOW, C. ANDREV/S, F. BERKHOUT, and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development RobertWilliams Abstract Advanced technologies such as gasifier/gas turbine systems for electric. THOMAS 14 Roles for Biomass Energy in SustainableDevelopment v RobertWilliams . 8..:::1...CAMB RID G E. The Human Dimensionof Vulnerability 85 Robert S. Chen 7. Global Industrialization: A Developing

254

BROMUS TECTORUM INVASION AND GLOBAL CHANGE: LIKELIHOOD OF SPREAD AND FEASIBILITY OF CONTROL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mortality in a mixed-conifer forest in California. Canadianclimate, mixed- conifer forest. Climatic Change 92:109-122.sagebrush and mixed-conifer forest ecosystems. This research

Concilio, Amy Lynn

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Economic Development in a Changing Global Economy: Examining the Perspectives of Practitioners in Ontario, Canada.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Although economic development has been a long standing tradition within policy agenda of municipalities, it has nevertheless undergone significant changes as a way of gaining… (more)

Taabazuing, Maxwell

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Duke, R. D. and Kammen, D. M. (2003) "Energy for Development: Solar Home Systems in Africa and Global Carbon Emissions", Climate Change for Africa: Science,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Duke, R. D. and Kammen, D. M. (2003) "Energy for Development: Solar Home Systems in Africa and Global Carbon Emissions", Climate Change for Africa: Science, Technology, Policy and Capacity Building: Solar Home Systems in Africa and Global Carbon Emissions Richard D. Duke* and Daniel M. Kammen

Kammen, Daniel M.

257

Ecosystem Service Supply and Vulnerability to Global Change in Europe Dagmar Schrter,1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Helsinki, Finland. 10 CREAF, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. 11 IMK-IFU, Forschungszentrum, Joensuu, Finland. 16 Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK, 2050, 2080, relative to baseline conditions in 1990 (5). bioenergy production). However, many changes

Gracia, Carlos

258

Ecological Restoration and Global Climate Change James A. Harris,1,5  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

responses to climate change because such activities help influence the planet's carbon budget in a positive ``brave new world,'' also known as our ``planet in peril,'' where rapidly changing environmental and socio cases over periods of intensity. However, it is clear

Schweik, Charles M.

259

Global Change and Sustainable Development Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

system that feeds his family and provides a needed service. The problem of pollution goes beyond: Vulnerability, Health Risks and Institution Building 1 Health, Sanitation, Autochthony and Integration: Urban Settings: A Multi-level, Multi-stakeholder Perspective James Ngana, Benedikt Notter, Peter Messerli, Urs

Richner, Heinz

260

Multi-century Changes to Global Climate and Carbon Cycle: Results from a Coupled Climate and Carbon Cycle Model  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we use a coupled climate and carbon cycle model to investigate the global climate and carbon cycle changes out to year 2300 that would occur if CO{sub 2} emissions from all the currently estimated fossil fuel resources were released to the atmosphere. By year 2300, the global climate warms by about 8 K and atmospheric CO{sub 2} reaches 1423 ppmv. The warming is higher than anticipated because the sensitivity to radiative forcing increases as the simulation progresses. In our simulation, the rate of emissions peak at over 30 PgC yr{sup -1} early in the 22nd century. Even at year 2300, nearly 50% of cumulative emissions remain in the atmosphere. In our simulations both soils and living biomass are net carbon sinks throughout the simulation. Despite having relatively low climate sensitivity and strong carbon uptake by the land biosphere, our model projections suggest severe long-term consequences for global climate if all the fossil-fuel carbon is ultimately released to the atmosphere.

Bala, G; Caldeira, K; Mirin, A; Wickett, M; Delire, C

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Climatic Change: Are We on the Brink of a Pronounced Global Warming?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1976006149 Arctic region atmosphere Camp Century carbon dioxide Cenozoic changes...Year 461 I l-C02 effect plus i Camp Century cycles Meteorological \\\\ records c CO2 effect/ Camp Century cycles 0) 0L) 0L) 0 (L...

Wallace S. Broecker

1975-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

262

Crop water stress under climate change uncertainty : global policy and regional risk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fourty percent of all crops grown in the world today are grown using irrigation, and shifting precipitation patterns due to climate change are viewed as a major threat to food security. This thesis examines, in the framework ...

Gueneau, Arthur

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

PAGES news Vol 20 No 1 February 2012 PairedPerspectivesonGlobalChange  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, heat wave resilience, vulnerability to floods and other such factors in the proximity of human increased the surface albedo, thereby reducing the net energy available at the surface. This has possibly-use change (that is, the conversion of natur

Stoffelen, Ad

264

Global climate change: Some implications, opportunities, and challenges for US forestry  

SciTech Connect

It is widely agreed that the concentration of greenhouse gases in the earth's atmosphere is increasing, that this increase is a consequence of man's activities, and that there is significant risk that this will lead to changes in the earth's climate. The question is now being discussed what, if anything, we should be doing to minimize and/or adapt to changes in climate. Virtually every statement on this matter; from the US Office of Technology Assessment, to the National Academy of Science, to the Nairobi Declaration on Climatic Change, includes some recommendation for planting and protecting forests. In fact, forestry is intimately involved in the climate change debate for several reasons: changing climate patterns will affect existing forests, tropical deforestation is one of the major sources of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, reforestation projects could remove additional carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and there is renewed interest in wood-based or other renewable fuels to replace fossil fuels. Part of the enthusiasm for forestry-related strategies in a greenhouse context is the perception that forests not only provide greenhouse benefits but also serve other desirable social objectives. This discussion will explore the current range of thinking in this area and try to stimulate additional thinking on the rationality of the forestry-based approaches and the challenges posed for US forestry.

Marland, G.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

The Greenhouse Theory of Climate Change: A Test by an Inadvertent Global Experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...climate change. Next to water vapor, douds play the...is referred to as the atmospheric 'window." Abbreviations...L is the doud liquid water content, and r is the...radius. The liquid water content L = (4/3...closely correlated with condensation nudei. Hence, on combining...

V. RAMANATHAN

1988-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

266

SCOPE 61: Interactions of the major biogeochemical cycles: Global change and human Jerry M. Mellilo, Christopher B. Field, and B. Moldan, editors. 2003. Interactions of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of fossil fuels, urbanization, land-use change, and agricultural intensification have led to environmental problems as diverse as global climate change, tropospheric air pollution, stratospheric ozone hole a solution for the man-made increase in atmospheric CO2. The idea to sprinkle #12;a relatively tiny amount

Gruber, Nicolas

267

Timeline | GE Global Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Research Over Time From our earliest days, we've been changing the landscape in commercial science and technology. Explore our inventions' evolution. Home > Global Research...

268

Weather and Joints  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Weather and Joints Weather and Joints Name: Brittany Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Why do people feel the weather changin in their joints? Is it just a superstition? Replies: People feel weather changes in their bodies because storm systems are accompanied by lower air pressure. When a storm system is approaching the barometric pressure or air pressure will drop. Inside the body is air pressure also. The pressure inside the body is approximately 15 lbs per square inch. Normal air pressure on the outside is approximately the same. When both numbers are equal most people don't feel anything. However, when the low pressure system approaches or the air pressure drops, the pressure on the inside of the body is greater than outside and that air on the inside tries to get out because air flows from high pressure to low pressure. This causes swelling and discomfort in some people's joints, especially in the elderly or people who have suffered injuries to those areas (those areas are weakened somewhat due to the injury and less resistant to the changes in pressure).

269

Identifying surface structural changes in layered Li-excess nickel manganese oxides in high voltage lithium ion batteries: A joint experimental and theoretical study  

SciTech Connect

High voltage cathode materials Li-excess layered oxide compounds Li[Ni{sub x}Li{sub 1/3-2x/3}Mn{sub 2/3-x/3}]O{sub 2} (0 < x < 1/2) are investigated in a joint study combining both computational and experimental methods. The bulk and surface structures of pristine and cycled samples of Li[Ni{sub 1/5}Li{sub 1/5}Mn{sub 3/5}]O{sub 2} are characterized by synchrotron X-Ray diffraction together with aberration corrected Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy (a-S/TEM). Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy (EELS) is carried out to investigate the surface changes of the samples before/after electrochemical cycling. Combining first principles computational investigation with our experimental observations, a detailed lithium de-intercalation mechanism is proposed for this family of Li-excess layered oxides. The most striking characteristics in these high voltage high energy density cathode materials are (1) formation of tetrahedral lithium ions at voltage less than 4.45 V and (2) the transition metal (TM) ions migration leading to phase transformation on the surface of the materials. We show clear evidence of a new spinel-like solid phase formed on the surface of the electrode materials after high-voltage cycling. It is proposed that such surface phase transformation is one of the factors contributing to the first cycle irreversible capacity and the main reason for the intrinsic poor rate capability of these materials.

Xu, Bo; Fell, Christopher R.; Chi, Miaofang; Meng, Ying Shirley (ORNL); (Florida); (UCSD)

2011-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

270

Land-use change trajectories up to 2050: insights from a global agro-economic model comparison  

SciTech Connect

Changes in agricultural land use have important implications for environmental services. Previous studies of agricultural land-use futures have been published indicating large uncertainty due to different model assumptions and methodologies. In this article we present a first comprehensive comparison of global agro-economic models that have harmonized drivers of population, GDP, and biophysical yields. The comparison allows us to ask two research questions: (1) How much cropland will be used under different socioeconomic and climate change scenarios? (2) How can differences in model results be explained? The comparison includes four partial and six general equilibrium models that differ in how they model land supply and amount of potentially available land. We analyze results of two different socioeconomic scenarios and three climate scenarios (one with constant climate). Most models (7 out of 10) project an increase of cropland of 10–25% by 2050 compared to 2005 (under constant climate), but one model projects a decrease. Pasture land expands in some models, which increase the treat on natural vegetation further. Across all models most of the cropland expansion takes place in South America and sub-Saharan Africa. In general, the strongest differences in model results are related to differences in the costs of land expansion, the endogenous productivity responses, and the assumptions about potential cropland.

Schmitz, Christoph; van Meijl, Hans; Kyle, G. Page; Nelson, Gerald C.; Fujimori, Shinichiro; Gurgel, Angelo; Havlik, Petr; Heyhoe, Edwina; Mason d'Croz, Daniel; Popp, Alexander; Sands, Ronald; Tabeau, Andrzej; van der Mensbrugghe, Dominique; von Lampe, Martin; Wise, Marshall A.; Blanc, Elodie; Hasegawa, Tomoko; Kavallari, Aikaterini; Valin, Hugo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Proc. of 25th Int'l Symp. on Remote Sensing and Global Env. Change, Vol.II, pp. 223233, April 1993 A REGIONAL INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and political systems affect and are affected by the environment (Committee on Global Change, 1990; Committee software tool developed by the research team that supports access to information and data integration tools natural resource base. This paper describes a prototype software tool that supports access

Cheng, Betty H.C.

272

Global Wind-Induced Change of Deep-Sea Sediment Budgets, New Ocean Production and CO$_2$ Reservoirs ca. 3.3-2.35 Ma BP  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...29 April 1988 research-article Global Wind-Induced Change of Deep-Sea Sediment...patterns we may conclude that (trade-) wind-induced upwelling zones and upwelling...stable isotopes stratigraphy upwelling winds 1987 02 25 The past three million years...

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

194 / JOURNAL OF WATER RESOURCES PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT / JULY/AUGUST 1999 INDICATORS OF IMPACTS OF GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE ON U.S.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the effectiveness of regional water supply systems to meet demands. A comparison of indicator tabulation change scenario assuming economic growth. It is apparent that the primary impacts of global warming occur in the western U.S. and include (1) fewer relative stresses on hydroelectric systems due to an increase in energy

Vogel, Richard M.

274

Alien Species as Agents of Global Change Ecology and Management of the Gypsy Moth in North America as a Case History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alien Species as Agents of Global Change Ecology and Management of the Gypsy Moth in North America-down and alien species are increasingly being transported into new habitats. Many alien species have had of temperate northeastern North America have been affected by alien insects and diseases particularly

Liebhold, Andrew

275

PURDUE UNIVERSITY LEADERSHIP IN ENERGY RESEARCH Recognizing the grand-challenge problems of global energy demands with evidence of climate change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PURDUE UNIVERSITY LEADERSHIP IN ENERGY RESEARCH Recognizing the grand-challenge problems of global of energy including fossil fuels, nuclear, solar, wind and bioenergy. The activities incorporate socio energy demands with evidence of climate change and broader environmental impacts, Purdue is building

276

Global Change at Edinburgh  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The University of Edinburgh (all rights reserved) Printed on recycled paper: Crusade 150gsm Designed and produced programme. 8 researchers. Biosphere: Terrestrial carbon and water cycles, trace gas emissions, bio- & hydro and Remediation 12 Corals and Climate 14 The Monsoon and Ocean Oxygen 16 Landscapes Frozen in Time 18 Mars

Greenaway, Alan

277

Modern Global Climate Change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of data and information among observing systems, Earth system models, socioeconomic models, and models that address...of data and information among observing systems, Earth system models, socioeconomic models, and models that address...

Thomas R. Karl; Kevin E. Trenberth

2003-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

278

Climatic Change (2009) 96:379408 DOI 10.1007/s10584-009-9634-y  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA e-mail: edbaker@ecs.umass.edu H. Chon Joint Global Change Research-mail: hwchon@gmail.com J. Keisler College of Management, University of Massachusetts, Boston, MA 02125, USA e we are analyzing a number of climate change energy technologies including solar photovoltaics (Baker

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

279

Malibu Joint Venture | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Malibu Joint Venture Malibu Joint Venture Jump to: navigation, search Name Malibu Joint Venture Place Germany Sector Solar Product String representation "German utility ... e of next year." is too long. References Malibu Joint Venture[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Malibu Joint Venture is a company located in Germany . References ↑ "Malibu Joint Venture" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Malibu_Joint_Venture&oldid=348612" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

280

Integrated Global System Modeling Framework | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Integrated Global System Modeling Framework Integrated Global System Modeling Framework Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP green logo.png FIND MORE DIA TOOLS This tool is part of the Development Impacts Assessment (DIA) Toolkit from the LEDS Global Partnership. Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Integrated Global System Modeling Framework Agency/Company /Organization: MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change Sector: Climate, Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Phase: Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options Topics: - Macroeconomic Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Complexity/Ease of Use: Not Available Website: globalchange.mit.edu/research/IGSM Cost: Free Related Tools Transport Co-benefits Calculator General Equilibrium Modeling Package (GEMPACK)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

The effects of potential changes in United States beef production on global grazing systems and greenhouse gas emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and greenhouse gas emissions Jerome Dumortier1 , Dermot J Hayes2 , Miguel Carriquiry2 , Fengxia Dong3 , Xiaodong in the U.S. causes a net increase in GHG emissions on a global scale. We couple a global agricultural production in the United States. The effects on emissions from agricultural production (i.e., methane

Zhou, Yaoqi

282

U.S. JGOFS NEWS U.S. JGOFS: A Component of the U.S. Global Change Research Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global models of the ocean car- bon cycle have two moving parts. First, a production part is used the sunlit eu- photic zone of the ocean is remineralized at each depth horizon in the water column is a power-law function of depth. This curve is used widely in global simulations to repre- sent

McGillicuddy Jr., Dennis J.

283

Object-Oriented Energy, Climate, and Technology Systems (ObjECTS) Global  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Object-Oriented Energy, Climate, and Technology Systems (ObjECTS) Global Object-Oriented Energy, Climate, and Technology Systems (ObjECTS) Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM) Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP green logo.png FIND MORE DIA TOOLS This tool is part of the Development Impacts Assessment (DIA) Toolkit from the LEDS Global Partnership. Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Object-Oriented Energy, Climate, and Technology Systems (ObjECTS) Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM) Agency/Company /Organization: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, University of Maryland, Joint Global Change Research Institute Sector: Climate, Energy, Land Focus Area: Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Forestry, Hydrogen, Transportation Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application

284

The research project GLOWA-Danube (www.glowa-danube.de) investigates Global Change effects on the water cycle of the Upper Danube river basin (Germany, ~80.0000 km) involving 11 different disciplines from natural and social sciences.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Danube GLOWA The research project GLOWA-Danube (www.glowa-danube.de) investigates Global Change in the simulation system DANUBIA. A primary scope of DANUBIA is to evaluate consequences of IPCC derived climate DANUBIA ­ A coupled simulation system Socioeconomic response to Global Change is quite often based

Cirpka, Olaf Arie

285

Fact Sheet: United States-Japan Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

United States-Japan Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan United States-Japan Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan The United States-Japan Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan is intended to provide a framework for bilateral collaboration in nuclear energy. This Action Plan builds upon our significant, longstanding civilian nuclear cooperation, and will contribute to increasing energy security and managing nuclear waste, addressing nuclear nonproliferation and climate change, advancing goals put forth in President Bush's Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) initiative. The Action Plan was signed by representatives of both nations in April 2007. The Action Plan will be implemented by Steering Committee Co-Chairs. Assistant Secretary of Energy Dennis Spurgeon, or his designee, will serve as the U.S. Co-Chair. Japanese Co-Chairs will be selected

286

Assessment of U.S. Cap-and-Trade Proposals MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change Report 160  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.25 Natural Gas 1.00 1.11 1.27 1.48 1.66 1.95 2.31 2.73 3.12 3.55 Coal 1.00 1.04 1.07 1.09 1.13 1.16 1.20 1 indicators) Bio Liquids Production in US (EJ) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net Bio Liquids Imports (EJ) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Net Bio Liquids Imports (billion 2005$) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0

287

Future joint probability behaviors of precipitation extremes across China: Spatiotemporal patterns and implications for flood and drought hazards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Observed daily precipitation from 527 meteorology stations in China during 1960–2005, and simulated daily precipitation from five Earth System Models (ESMs) under historical, RCP2.6 and RCP8.5 scenarios from Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) datasets are analyzed to investigate joint probability behaviors of precipitation extremes in China during 2021–2050 and 2071–2100. Five joint return periods based on six extreme precipitation indices are defined. These joint return periods consider co-occurrence of extreme heavy and weak precipitation, as well as joint extreme heavy precipitation events in terms of different combinations of extreme precipitation amount, intensity, fractional contribution to annual precipitation days, and consecutive wet periods. Weather Generator Model (WGEN) is used to downscale the outputs of ESMs, and Copula is applied to construct joint probability distributions. The variations of joint return periods with 5-year marginal values (marginal values larger than their 5-year return period values respectively) and 20-year marginal values are discussed to represent changes in joint probability behaviors. Results show that: (1) during 1960–2005, spatial distributions of joint return periods with 5-year marginal values are similar to those with 20-year marginal values; (2) changes in marginal distributions and bivariate relationships between extreme indices may be the causes of joint probability distributions shift; (3) in general, during 2021–2050 and 2071–2100, there are less co-occurrence of consecutive wet and dry days, and more joint extreme heavy precipitation events with various aspects, implying less risk of co-occurrence of floods and droughts in the same year but higher risk of floods in China. But north China may face higher risk of co-occurrence of severe floods and droughts in the same year; and (4) changes in joint return periods under RCP8.5 are more remarkable than under RCP2.6. Even under RCP2.6, a scenario 2 °C global average warming target is met, the changes in joint return periods are still considerable.

Jianfeng Li; Qiang Zhang; Yongqin David Chen; Vijay P. Singh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Senior International Energy Officials Issue Joint Statement in Support of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Senior International Energy Officials Issue Joint Statement in Senior International Energy Officials Issue Joint Statement in Support of the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Senior International Energy Officials Issue Joint Statement in Support of the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership May 21, 2007 - 12:55pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today announced that the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and senior energy officials from some of the world's leading economies issued a joint statement in support of the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) and nuclear energy cooperation. The People's Republic of China, France, Japan, Russia and the United States issued the Joint Statement, which addresses the prospects for international cooperation in peaceful uses of nuclear energy, including

289

What influence will future solar activity changes over the 21st century have on projected global near-surface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the observed increase in anthropogenic greenhouse gas con- centrations" [IPCC, 2007, p. 10], where "very likely with observed varia- tions and trends in global near-surface temperatures over the 20th century when they include both anthropogenic and natural forcings than when they include natural forcings only [Hegerl et al

Lockwood, Mike

290

Monitoring global rates of biodiversity change: challenges that arise in meeting the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) 2010 goals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...discernible from space need to be verified...need to inform the public about biodiversity...Nature or Public Library of Science; the...and the European Space Agency (ESA) can...credibility with the global public, US tax payers and...the exploration of space. If NASA cannot...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Global Paradox  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

From the Publisher:In the tradition of his bestselling Megatrends books, John Naisbitt explores the new wave of global economic change predicted as a result of the breaking apart of the Soviet empire--and the opportunities and challenges for nations, ...

John Naisbitt

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Butt Joint Tool Commissioning  

SciTech Connect

ITER Central Solenoid uses butt joints for connecting the pancakes in the CS module. The principles of the butt joining of the CICC were developed by the JAPT during CSMC project. The difference between the CSMC butt joint and the CS butt joint is that the CS butt joint is an in-line joint, while the CSMC is a double joint through a hairpin jumper. The CS butt joint has to carry the hoop load. The straight length of the joint is only 320 mm, and the vacuum chamber around the joint has to have a split in the clamp shell. These requirements are challenging. Fig.1 presents a CSMC joint, and Fig.2 shows a CS butt joint. The butt joint procedure was verified and demonstrated. The tool is capable of achieving all specified parameters. The vacuum in the end was a little higher than the target, which is not critical and readily correctable. We consider, tentatively that the procedure is established. Unexpectedly, we discover significant temperature nonuniformity in the joint cross section, which is not formally a violation of the specs, but is a point of concern. All testing parameters are recorded for QA purposes. We plan to modify the butt joining tool to improve its convenience of operation and provide all features necessary for production of butt joints by qualified personnel.

Martovetsky, N N

2007-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

293

Forecasting phenology under global warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Forrest Forecasting phenology under global warming Ines Ibanez 1 * Richard B. Primack...and site-specific responses to global warming. We found that for most species...climate change|East Asia, global warming|growing season, hierarchical...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Gravity effect of water storage changes in a weathered hard-rock aquifer in West Africa: results from joint absolute gravity, hydrological monitoring and geophysical prospection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......and deformation responses on a spherical non-rotating...continental water storage within a range of...the lack of higher frequency gravity data sampling...specific yield and storage change in an unconfined...Combined analysis of energy and water balances...al. Land water storage changes from ground......

Basile Hector; Luc Séguis; Jacques Hinderer; Marc Descloitres; Jean-Michel Vouillamoz; Maxime Wubda; Jean-Paul Boy; Bernard Luck; Nicolas Le Moigne

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

The Physical Flaws of the Global Warming Theory Deep Ocean Circulation Changes as the Primary Climate Driver  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-century and multi-decadal ocean circulation changes. These ocean changes are due to naturally occurring upper ocean for radiation equilibrium is unrealistic for the long-period and slow CO2 rises that are occurring. Only half) simulations are incorrectly designed to block too much infrared (IR) radiation to space. They also do

Gray, William

296

Fostering a triple response mechanism to combat global climate change: Emission abatement, carbon capture and water improvement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Kyoto Protocol has established emission abatement and carbon sink increase to cope with climate change. However, in recent years, developed countries tend to focus more on the former. The simplifying of GH...

Ke Zhou; Xia Cao

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Aspen Global Change Institute (AGCI) Interdisciplinary Science Workshop: Decadal Climate Prediction; Aspen, CO; June 22-28, 2008  

SciTech Connect

Decadal prediction lies between seasonal/interannual forecasting and longer-term climate change projections, and focuses on time-evolving regional climate conditions over the next 10?30 yr. Numerous assessments of climate information user needs have identified this time scale as being important to infrastructure planners, water resource managers, and many others. It is central to the information portfolio required to adapt effectively to and through climatic changes.

Katzenberger, John

2010-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

298

Sensitivity of global-scale climate change attribution results to inclusion of fossil fuel black carbon aerosol - article no. L14701  

SciTech Connect

It is likely that greenhouse gas emissions caused most of the global mean warming observed during the 20th century, and that sulphate aerosols counteracted this warming to some extent, by reflecting solar radiation to space and thereby cooling the planet. However, the importance of another aerosol, namely black carbon, could be underestimated. Here we include fossil fuel black carbon aerosol in a detection and attribution analysis with greenhouse gas and sulphate aerosols. We find that most of the warming of the 20th Century is attributable to changes in greenhouse gases offset by net aerosol cooling. However the pattern of temperature change due to black carbon is currently indistinguishable from the sulphate aerosol pattern of temperature change. The attribution of temperature change due to greenhouse gases is not sensitive to the inclusion of black carbon. We can be confident about the overall attribution of total aerosols, but less so about the contributions of black carbon emissions to 20th century climate change. This work presents no evidence that black carbon aerosol forcing outweighed the cooling due to sulphate aerosol.

Jones, G.S.; Jones, A.; Roberts, D.L.; Stott, P.A.; Williams, K.D. [Hadley Center for Climate Predictions & Research, Exeter (United Kingdom)

2005-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

299

Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in China: Growth, Transition, and Institutional Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2000. Developing Countries & Global Climate Change: Electric2000. Developing Countries & Global Climate Change: Electric

Kahrl, Fredrich James

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Isoprene emission from terrestrial ecosystems in response to global change: minding the gap between models and observations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...watering event, soil water content increased...the plots. The atmospheric CO2 concentration...immediately re-cut under water; the cut end of...of a clean-air generator (Aadco, Inc...changes in climate and atmospheric composition on isoprene...versus August), water (isoprene emission...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

It is getting hotter in here: determining and projecting the impacts of global environmental change on drylands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...evaporative demands imposed by the intense solar radiation and extreme temperatures [1...balance across a climatic gradient in New Mexico. Glob. Change Biol. 17, 410-424...social-ecological systems: a case study from Mexico. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 367, 3158-3177...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Global Development Our Responsibility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of expertise cover urgent global issues such as food production, energy supply, climate change, biodiversity e ort to address urgent global issues particularly a ecting developing countries e.g. climate change of Communication, 2012 · Project Leader: Karin Nilsson · Graphic Design: Viktor Wrange & Michael Kvick Cover Photo

303

Biological Sciences for the 21st Century: Meeting the Challenges of Sustainable Development in an Era of Global Change  

SciTech Connect

The symposium was held 10-12 May, 2007 at the Capitol Hilton Hotel in Washington, D. C. The 30 talks explored how some of today's key biological research developments (such as biocomplexity and complex systems analysis, bioinformatics and computational biology, the expansion of molecular and genomics research, and the emergence of other comprehensive or system wide analyses, such as proteomics) contribute to sustainability science. The symposium therefore emphasized the challenges facing agriculture, human health, sustainable energy, and the maintenance of ecosystems and their services, so as to provide a focus and a suite of examples of the enormous potential contributions arising from these new developments in the biological sciences. This symposium was the first to provide a venue for exploring how the ongoing advances in the biological sciences together with new approaches for improving knowledge integration and institutional science capacity address key global challenges to sustainability. The speakers presented new research findings, and identified new approaches and needs in biological research that can be expected to have substantial impacts on sustainability science.

Joel Cracraft; Richard O'Grady

2007-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

304

Corporate Climate Change Adaptation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? On-going and future climate change is universally acknowledged. Climate changeincorporating global mean temperature rise, impacts on global hydrology and ecosystems willaffect human society and… (more)

Herbertsson, Nicole

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

DOE Joint Genome Institute: New Genomic Model Defines Microbes by  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September 8, 2009 September 8, 2009 New Genomic Model Defines Microbes by Diet-Provides Tool for Tracking Environmental Change WALNUT CREEK, CA-In line with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) interest in characterizing the biotic factors involved in global carbon cycling, the DOE Joint Genome Institute (JGI) characterizes a diverse array of plants, microorganisms, and the communities in which they reside to inform options for reducing and stabilizing atmospheric greenhouse gases. Through a novel genomic approach detailed in the September 7 online edition and on the cover September 14 of the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, an international team of scientists led by the University of New South Wales and the DOE JGI demonstrates how the microbial diversity of the oceans can be analyzed without necessarily

306

Prediction of wear and stresses while drilling through a riser flex joint  

SciTech Connect

Flex joints in risers introduce abrupt directional changes along the drillstring. High drillstring stresses and flex joint wear rates are introduced, particularly when the drillstring tension is high. An analysis procedure is presented which finds the drillstring/flex joint contact loads in the vicinity of the flex joint as a function of the tension in the drillstring at the flex joint. The tensile and contact loads of the drillstring at the riser are used to estimate the wear rate on the flex joint and the axial and bending stresses in the drillstring. This example shows the value of the procedure in estimating maximum allowable angles for the flex joint.

Paslay, P.R. (Techaid Corp., Arlington, TX (United States)); Cernocky, E.P. (Shell Development Co., Houston, TX (United States))

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Office of Inspector General audit report on ``The U.S. Department of Energy`s X-Change 1997: The global D and D marketplace conference``  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy and Florida International University (FIU), a state university, cosponsored the X-Change 1997: The Global D and D Marketplace conference (X-Change Conference) that was held December 1--5, 1997, in Miami, Florida. The purpose of the conference was to disseminate information on decontamination and decommissioning problems, solutions, and technologies to an international audience of government, industry, and academia. Through a contract with the Department, FIU was responsible for conference planning, organization, and logistical support. FIU awarded a subcontract to ICF, Inc. to work on the conference. ICF, Inc. is a major Department contractor with responsibilities for projects at Hanford, Argonne National laboratory and Los Alamos National Laboratory. The audit objectives were to determine whether FIU had controls in place to ensure that public funds were used appropriately, and whether fiscal practices associated with the conference were consistent with Government requirements and Department policy. FIU implemented accounting and budget mechanisms to identify and control the sources and uses of funds. However, the absence of a Departmental policy on funding conferences resulted in questionable fiscal practices associated with the conference. These are discussed.

NONE

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

High pressure ceramic joint  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Many recuperators have components which react to corrosive gases and are used in applications where the donor fluid includes highly corrosive gases. These recuperators have suffered reduced life, increased service or maintenance, and resulted in increased cost. The present joint when used with recuperators increases the use of ceramic components which do not react to highly corrosive gases. Thus, the present joint used with the present recuperator increases the life, reduces the service and maintenance, and reduces the increased cost associated with corrosive action of components used to manufacture recuperators. The present joint is comprised of a first ceramic member, a second ceramic member, a mechanical locking device having a groove defined in one of the first ceramic member and the second ceramic member. The joint and the mechanical locking device is further comprised of a refractory material disposed in the groove and contacting the first ceramic member and the second ceramic member. The present joint mechanically provides a high strength load bearing joint having good thermal cycling characteristics, good resistance to a corrosive environment and good steady state strength at elevated temperatures.

Ward, Michael E. (Poway, CA); Harkins, Bruce D. (San Diego, CA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

High pressure ceramic joint  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Many recuperators have components which react to corrosive gases and are used in applications where the donor fluid includes highly corrosive gases. These recuperators have suffered reduced life, increased service or maintenance, and resulted in increased cost. The present joint when used with recuperators increases the use of ceramic components which do not react to highly corrosive gases. Thus, the present joint used with the present recuperator increases the life, reduces the service and maintenance, and reduces the increased cost associated with corrosive action of components used to manufacture recuperators. The present joint is comprised of a first ceramic member, a second ceramic member, a mechanical locking device having a groove defined in one of the first ceramic member and the second ceramic member. The joint and the mechanical locking device is further comprised of a refractory material disposed in the groove and contacting the first ceramic member and the second ceramic member. The present joint mechanically provides a high strength load bearing joint having good thermal cycling characteristics, good resistance to a corrosive environment and good steady state strength at elevated temperatures. 4 figures.

Ward, M.E.; Harkins, B.D.

1993-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

310

Impacts of Global Warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The 2001 Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Report provides not merely 1, but 19 separate chapters on the impacts of global warming, comprising over 1,000 pages of descriptions...

Donald Rapp

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Electric Vehicles Global Climate Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

it is a greenhouse pollutant. The new acoustic technology, which is in earlydevelopment, could also be used in futureWaste Issues Home News Products Community Resources Features Subscribe Advertising / Services Contact Us Login IndustryDirectory Advertising &Services About Us Sitemap Search Advanced Search Security Products

Sóbester, András

312

Global Security  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Applications Global Security science-innovationassetsimagesicon-science.jpg Global Security National security depends on science and technology. The United States relies on...

313

Comments of the Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies Comments of the Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies The Media and Technology Institute and the Climate Change Initiative at the Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies ("Joint Center")1 respectfully submit these comments in response to the United States Department of Energy's ("DoE") Request for Information regarding its implementation of the Smart Grid provisions of Federal Communications Commission's ("FCC") National Broadband Plan. Comments of the Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies More Documents & Publications Re: NBP RFI: Data Access Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Empowering Consumers and the Smart Grid: Data Access, Third Party Use, and Privacy- Request for

314

ARM - Climate Change  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FAQ Just for Fun Meet our Friends Cool Sites Teachers Teachers' Toolbox Lesson Plans Climate Change A Student's Guide to Global Climate Change The U.S. Environmental...

315

Joint interpretation of on-board vision and static GPS cartography for determination of correct speed limit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present here a first prototype of a "Speed Limit Support" Advance Driving Assistance System (ADAS) producing permanent reliable information on the current speed limit applicable to the vehicle. Such a module can be used either for information of the driver, or could even serve for automatic setting of the maximum speed of a smart Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC). Our system is based on a joint interpretation of cartographic information (for static reference information) with on-board vision, used for traffic sign detection and recognition (including supplementary sub-signs) and visual road lines localization (for detection of lane changes). The visual traffic sign detection part is quite robust (90% global correct detection and recognition for main speed signs, and 80% for exit-lane sub-signs detection). Our approach for joint interpretation with cartography is original, and logic-based rather than probability-based, which allows correct behaviour even in cases, which do happen, when both vision and cartograp...

Bargeton, Alexandre; Nashashibi, Fawzi; Puthon, Anne-Sophie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Climate Change at Annual Timescales  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

carbon cycling to global climate change, Nature, 393 (6682),2005. Meehl, G. , et al. , Climate Change 2007: The PhysicalIntergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, chap. 10. Global

Stine, Alexander Robin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Joint Theory Institute  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Program General Info Program General Info Registration Info Directions to Argonne Dynamics of Symmetry Breaking A Workshop sponsored by the ANL/UChicago Joint Theory Institute April 13-17, 2009 Argonne National Laboratory, IL The Joint Theory Institute (JTI) is a multi-disciplinary research institution jointly supported at the University of Chicago and Argonne National Laboratory to enhance collaborative research between both institutions in the broad area of theory. This year JTI sponsors a workshop the aim of which is to explore the dynamics of symmetry breaking in a broad range of systems from nuclear physics to string theory, using theoretical insights such as Dyson-Schwinger equations formalism, gauge/gravity duality and lattice QCD. We will focus on systems which exhibit dynamical symmetry breaking and will cover topics essential for understanding nonperturbative QCD and physics of quark-gluon plasma.

318

Sensitivity of Hadley Circulation to Physical Parameters and Resolution through Changing Upper-Tropospheric Ice Clouds Using a Global Cloud-System Resolving Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The relationship between upper-tropospheric ice cloud properties and the Hadley circulation intensity is examined through parameter sensitivity studies of global cloud-system-resolving simulations with explicit cloud convection. Experiments under ...

Shin-ichi Iga; Hirofumi Tomita; Yoko Tsushima; Masaki Satoh

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Elizabeth Hunke-Piloting polar warning of climate change  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

change and projecting the impact of such change globally. The team applies models to sea level rise, rapid changes in the Arctic, global circulation of the ocean and...

320

Joint Institute for High Temperatures  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Joint Institute for High Temperatures of Russian Academy of Sciences Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology Extended title Extended title Excited state of warm dense matter or Exotic state of warm dense matter or Novel form of warm dense matter or New form of plasma Three sources of generation similarity: solid state density, two temperatures: electron temperature about tens eV, cold ions keep original crystallographic positions, but electron band structure and phonon dispersion are changed, transient but steady (quasi-stationary for a short time) state of non-equilibrium, uniform plasmas (no reference to non-ideality, both strongly and weakly coupled plasmas can be formed) spectral line spectra are emitted by ion cores embedded in plasma environment which influences the spectra strongly,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

DOE-Sponsored Beaufort Sea Expedition Studies Methane's Role in Global  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Beaufort Sea Expedition Studies Methane's Role in Beaufort Sea Expedition Studies Methane's Role in Global Climate Cycle DOE-Sponsored Beaufort Sea Expedition Studies Methane's Role in Global Climate Cycle October 29, 2009 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, D.C. -- Increased understanding of methane's role in the global climate cycle and the potential of methane hydrate as a future energy resource could result from a recent joint research expedition off the coast of northeastern Alaska involving the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). Link to the project web siteThe Beaufort Sea expedition, which included research partners from the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory and Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, gathered a wealth of data to help understand "fluxes," or changes in the concentration of methane within and

322

DOE-Sponsored Beaufort Sea Expedition Studies Methane's Role in Global  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE-Sponsored Beaufort Sea Expedition Studies Methane's Role in DOE-Sponsored Beaufort Sea Expedition Studies Methane's Role in Global Climate Cycle DOE-Sponsored Beaufort Sea Expedition Studies Methane's Role in Global Climate Cycle October 29, 2009 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, D.C. -- Increased understanding of methane's role in the global climate cycle and the potential of methane hydrate as a future energy resource could result from a recent joint research expedition off the coast of northeastern Alaska involving the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). Link to the project web siteThe Beaufort Sea expedition, which included research partners from the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory and Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, gathered a wealth of data to help understand "fluxes," or changes in the concentration of methane within and

323

Iowa Climate Change Briefing and Discussion -Monday February 16 The University of Iowa Center for Global and Regional Environmental Research and a variety of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Iowa Climate Change Briefing and Discussion - Monday February 16 The University of Iowa Center to a climate change briefing and discussion to highlight the recent report of the Iowa Climate Change Advisory Council. The meeting will be an opportunity to learn more about climate change science its potential

Debinski, Diane M.

324

United States -Japan Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

-Japan Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan -Japan Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan 1. Introduction 1.1 Background and Objective President Bush of the U n i t e d States and Prime Minister Koizumi of Japan have both stated their strong support for the contribution of nuclear power to energy security and the global environment. Japan w a s the first nation to endorse President Bush's Global Nuclear Energy Partnership. During the June 29,2006 meeting between President Bush and Prime Minister Koizumi, "We discussed research and development that will help speed up fnt breeder reactors and new types of reprocessing so that we cmt help deal with the cost of globalization when it comes to energy; make ourselves more secure, economicallyI a s well n make us less dependent on hycirocmbons ..... " (I)

325

Shrinking Global Population: A futuristic scenario  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

global population it will not be a game-changer. #12;Measures for changes in total births 1. TotalShrinking Global Population: A futuristic scenario or a current challenge. Hillel Bar of RSAI - Atlanta November 15, 2013 #12;The evolution of global population Year Global Population

Nagurney, Anna

326

NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE | VOL 2 | NOVEMBER 2012 | www.nature.com/natureclimatechange 775 vidence is clear that Earth's global average climate has warmed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE | VOL 2 | NOVEMBER 2012 | www.nature.com/natureclimatechange 775 E vidence anthropogenic climate change on timescales of a few decades and spatial scales smaller than continen- tal2 in climate change projections are due to model shortcomings, and it is sometimes confidently asserted

Fischlin, Andreas

327

Joint with application in electrochemical devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A joint for use in electrochemical devices, such as solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), oxygen separators, and hydrogen separators, that will maintain a hermetic seal at operating temperatures of greater than 600.degree. C., despite repeated thermal cycling excess of 600.degree. C. in a hostile operating environment where one side of the joint is continuously exposed to an oxidizing atmosphere and the other side is continuously exposed to a wet reducing gas. The joint is formed of a metal part, a ceramic part, and a flexible gasket. The flexible gasket is metal, but is thinner and more flexible than the metal part. As the joint is heated and cooled, the flexible gasket is configured to flex in response to changes in the relative size of the metal part and the ceramic part brought about by differences in the coefficient of thermal expansion of the metal part and the ceramic part, such that substantially all of the tension created by the differences in the expansion and contraction of the ceramic and metal parts is absorbed and dissipated by flexing the flexible gasket.

Weil, K Scott [Richland, WA; Hardy, John S [Richland, WA

2010-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

328

National Conference and Global Forum on Science, Policy and the...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Conference and Global Forum on Science, Policy and the Environment Energy and Climate Change National Conference and Global Forum on Science, Policy and the Environment Energy and...

329

INL Joint Appointment Agreements The Joint Appointment Program...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

at Idaho National Laboratory is designed to enhance research collaboration between INL and university staff. Joint appointees develop or conduct research and development at...

330

Global Security  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

nonpartisan organization with a mission to strengthen global security by reducing the risk of use and preventing the spread of nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons and to...

331

Possible change in distribution of seaweed, Sargassum horneri, in northeast Asia under A2 scenario of global warming and consequent effect on some fish  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Global warming effects on seaweed beds are already perceptible. Their geographical distributions greatly depend on water temperatures. To predict future geographical distributions of brown alga, Sargassum horneri, forming large beds in the northwestern Pacific, we referred to future monthly surface water temperatures at about 1.1° of longitude and 0.6° of latitude in February and August in 2050 and 2100 simulated by 12 organizations under an A2 scenario of global warming. The southern limit of S. horneri distribution is expected to keep moving northward such that it may broadly disappear from Honshu Island, the Chinese coast, and Korean Peninsula in 2100, when tropical Sargassum species such as Sargassum tenuifolium may not completely replace S. horneri. Thus, their forests in 2100 do not substitute those of S. horneri in 2000. Fishes using the beds and seaweed rafts consisting of S. horneri in East China Sea suffer these disappearances.

Teruhisa Komatsu; Masahiro Fukuda; Atsuko Mikami; Shizuha Mizuno; Attachai Kantachumpoo; Hideaki Tanoue; Michio Kawamiya

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Metal to ceramic sealed joint  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A metal to ceramic sealed joint which can withstand wide variations in temperature and maintain a good seal is provided for use in a device adapted to withstand thermal cycling from about 20 to about 1000 degrees C. The sealed joint includes a metal member, a ceramic member having an end portion, and an active metal braze forming a joint to seal the metal member to the ceramic member. The joint is positioned remote from the end portion of the ceramic member to avoid stresses at the ends or edges of the ceramic member. The sealed joint is particularly suited for use to form sealed metal to ceramic joints in a thermoelectric generator such as a sodium heat engine where a solid ceramic electrolyte is joined to metal parts in the system.

Lasecki, John V. (Livonia, MI); Novak, Robert F. (Farmington Hills, MI); McBride, James R. (Ypsilanti, MI)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Metal to ceramic sealed joint  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A metal to ceramic sealed joint which can withstand wide variations in temperature and maintain a good seal is provided for use in a device adapted to withstand thermal cycling from about 20 to about 1000 degrees C. The sealed joint includes a metal member, a ceramic member having an end portion, and an active metal braze forming a joint to seal the metal member to the ceramic member. The joint is positioned remote from the end portion of the ceramic member to avoid stresses at the ends or edges of the ceramic member. The sealed joint is particularly suited for use to form sealed metal to ceramic joints in a thermoelectric generator such as a sodium heat engine where a solid ceramic electrolyte is joined to metal parts in the system. 11 figures.

Lasecki, J.V.; Novak, R.F.; McBride, J.R.

1991-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

334

Notes on global climate and ocean currents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The problems related to the role of both natural and anthropogenic factors in global climate change are considered. The role of ocean circulation in the Earth’s global thermodynamic processes is qualitatively ...

R. I. Nigmatulin

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

North JCAP Headquarters Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis California Institute of Technology Jorgensen Laboratory, Mail Code 132-80 1200 East California Boulevard...

336

Ten Years Later: A Joint Library Evolves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In 2003, a unique joint library was created. A partnership between the San Jose Public Library system and San Jose State University, the Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Library serves a city population of more than a million and a campus population of over 30,000 students. With different patrons and different missions, bringing the two library cultures and functions together presented many challenges, but the library today is a vital, innovative space for learning. In the ten years since its opening, however, the cost savings envisioned when the library was created have not been realized. Also, the partnership originally presented in the library's organizational structure has undergone alterations. This restructuring was driven by changes in funding, staffing, and patron needs. Despite this organizational evolution, the King Library still provides a richer resource to its communities than either partner could have provided alone and can serve as a model to other communities considering the creation of a joint library.

Ann Agee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

global warming's six americas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vehicles & Solar Panels 23 Regulating CO2 as a Pollutant 24 A 20 Percent National Renewable Energy Standard the spring and fall of 2012. Perceived Benefits and Costs of Reducing Fossil Fuel Use and Global Warming Introduction 5 The Six Americas Audience Segments 6 Changes in the Size of Segments 7 Perceived Benefits

Haller, Gary L.

338

Climate Change Economics and Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AFRICA COLLEGE Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy Adapting to Climate Change 3 CLIMATE...Furthermore, there is strong scientific evidence that climate change will disrupt the global economy, environment and society a growing population in a changing climate is, therefore, a major global challenge. Changes in climate

Romano, Daniela

339

Joint Statement on the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership and...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

officials representing the respective governmental agencies of China, France, Japan, Russia, and the United States met in Washington, D.C., on May 21, 2007 to address the...

340

Future Changes in the Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity Projected by a Multidecadal Simulation with a 16-km Global Atmospheric GCM  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

How tropical cyclone (TC) activity in the northwestern Pacific might change in a future climate is assessed using multidecadal Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project (AMIP)-style and time-slice simulations with the ECMWF Integrated Forecast ...

Julia V. Manganello; Kevin I. Hodges; Brandt Dirmeyer; James L. Kinter III; Benjamin A. Cash; Lawrence Marx; Thomas Jung; Deepthi Achuthavarier; Jennifer M. Adams; Eric L. Altshuler; Bohua Huang; Emilia K. Jin; Peter Towers; Nils Wedi

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Dynamical and Thermodynamical Causes of Large-Scale Changes in the Hydrological Cycle over North America in Response to Global Warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The mechanisms of model-projected atmospheric moisture budget change across North America are examined in simulations conducted with 22 models from phase 5 of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project. Modern-day model budgets are validated ...

Richard Seager; David Neelin; Isla Simpson; Haibo Liu; Naomi Henderson; Tiffany Shaw; Yochanan Kushnir; Mingfang Ting; Benjamin Cook

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Charles R. Goldman, Michio Kumagai, Richard D. Robarts: Climatic change and global warming of inland waters. Impacts and mitigation for ecosystems and societies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This book is about changes that have occurred and are likely to happen in surface inland waters, both fresh and saline, as warming proceeds. The book is organised in three ... chapters describe and analyse the ef...

Luc Hens

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Centring radiological protection on today's global challenges in energy, climate change, environment and health—with nuclear energy playing a key role  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......from nuclear energy continues to...International Atomic Energy Agency Basic...electricity while reducing the climate...impacts of the energy sources supplying...pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. This paper...demand and on related climate change......

Sylvain Saint-Pierre

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

DOC-DOE Joint China Mission Statement | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Joint China Mission Statement DOC-DOE Joint China Mission Statement DOC-DOE Joint China Mission Statement DOC-DOE Joint China Mission Statement More Documents & Publications...

345

Diffusion Maps for Changing Data Diffusion Maps for Changing Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Diffusion Maps for Changing Data Diffusion Maps for Changing Data Matthew J. Hirn Department of Mathematics Yale University July 26, 2012 Bell Labs #12;Diffusion Maps for Changing Data Collaborators Joint work with Ronald Coifman and Roy Lederman. #12;Diffusion Maps for Changing Data Overview 1 High

Hirn, Matthew

346

Diffusion Maps for Changing Data Diffusion Maps for Changing Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Diffusion Maps for Changing Data Diffusion Maps for Changing Data Matthew J. Hirn Department in Honor of the 70th Birthday of David R. Larson #12;Diffusion Maps for Changing Data Collaborators Joint work with Ronald Coifman and Roy Lederman. #12;Diffusion Maps for Changing Data High Dimensional Data

Hirn, Matthew

347

Abating Global Warming for Fun and Profit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abating global warming is generally profitable, without counting the avoided cost of adapting, or failing to adapt, to possible climatic change.

A. B. Lovins

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

CLEERS Coordination & Joint Development of Benchmark Kinetics...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CLEERS Coordination & Joint Development of Benchmark Kinetics for LNT & SCR CLEERS Coordination & Joint Development of Benchmark Kinetics for LNT & SCR 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel...

349

CLEERS Coordination & Joint Development of Benchmark Kinetics...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Joint Development of Benchmark Kinetics for LNT & SCR CLEERS Coordination & Joint Development of Benchmark Kinetics for LNT & SCR 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and...

350

Food security and climate change: on the potential to adapt global crop production by active selection to rising atmospheric carbon dioxide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...population, diversion of cereals to biofuels, increased protein demands and climatic...necessity for more: more cereals for biofuel, more grain for meat, more food for...human population (i.e. not used for biofuels or animal feed) and the average change...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

"Global warming and global cooling are physical phenomenon. But the battle over these real or presumed developments is a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"Global warming and global cooling are physical phenomenon. But the battle over these real of catastrophic global warming the greatest hoax ever perpetrated on the American people" What is climate change we have ever seen" What is climate change? Lord Nicholas Stern, October 2006 #12;"Global warming

Baez, John

352

The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria (Global Fund), founded in 2002, has become the largest  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, San Francisco · The change in total allocations to the APMEN coun- tries that are eligible for GlobalMAY 2014 1 Background The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria (Global Fund, amidst global economic stress, the Board of the Global Fund called for a structural reformation

Mullins, Dyche

353

Global Scratch File System at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scratch Scratch Global Scratch File System Overview The global scratch file system (or "global scratch") can be accessed by multiple NERSC systems. Its default quota is much larger than the Global Home quota, so it can be used to temporarily store large amounts of data. This file system is periodically purged. Platforms Using Global Scratch The global scratch file system is available on all NERSC systems except PDSF. Quotas Default global scratch quotas are 20 TB and 2,000,000 inodes. If you need more than that, fill out the Disk Quota Change Request Form. Purging Yes, files in global scratch file system are subject to purging. Backup No, Files in global scratch file system are not backed up. Environment Variable You can reference your personal scratch directory in global scratch as

354

United States and France Sign Joint Statement on Civil Liability for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

United States and France Sign Joint Statement on Civil Liability United States and France Sign Joint Statement on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage United States and France Sign Joint Statement on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage August 29, 2013 - 1:36pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - The United States and France today issued the Joint Statement on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage that sets forth the common views of the United States and France on civil nuclear liability, including their support for establishment of a global nuclear liability regime allowing for adequate compensation to victims of a nuclear accident, as called for in the International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) Action Plan on Nuclear Safety. The Joint Statement results from discussions between the United States and France over the past year that culminated in the signing

355

United States and France Sign Joint Statement on Civil Liability for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

United States and France Sign Joint Statement on Civil Liability United States and France Sign Joint Statement on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage United States and France Sign Joint Statement on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage August 29, 2013 - 1:36pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - The United States and France today issued the Joint Statement on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage that sets forth the common views of the United States and France on civil nuclear liability, including their support for establishment of a global nuclear liability regime allowing for adequate compensation to victims of a nuclear accident, as called for in the International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) Action Plan on Nuclear Safety. The Joint Statement results from discussions between the United States and France over the past year that culminated in the signing

356

Effect of strength mismatch on fracture toughness of HSLA steel weld joints  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this experimental work is to present the results of measured toughness and strength on mismatched weld joints made on HSLA steel grade HT 80. In the determined over and undermatched weld joints the local mismatching in the through thickness direction was found by hardness measurement. It seems that local mismatch because of WM low toughness has controlled the fracture behavior of weld metal and HAZ in both cases instead of the global one. Direct local CTOD({delta}{sub 5}) technique is found to be particular useful for the determination of fracture toughness values on mismatched weld joints.

Rak, I.; Gliha, V.; Gubeljak, N.; Praunseis, Z. [Univ. of Maribor (Slovenia). Faculty of Mechanical Engineering; Kocak, M. [GKSS Research Center, Geesthacht (Germany). Inst. of Material Research

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

357

Philip D. Rack Joint Faculty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Philip D. Rack Joint Faculty Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering University of Tennessee invited reviews and 2 book chapters Full publication list available: Philip D. Rack Research Synopsis 1

Pennycook, Steve

358

NETL: Global Environmental Benefits  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Environmental Benefits Global Environmental Benefits Gasification Systems Global Environmental Benefits Environmental performance for future energy production systems is a much greater factor as emission standards tighten in the United States and worldwide. The outstanding environmental performance of gasification systems makes it an excellent technology for the clean production of electricity and other products. In addition, the reduction of CO2 emissions is one of the major challenges facing industry in response to global climate change. Other countries with coal reserves might potentially import technologies developed in the United States to enable low-cost gasification with carbon capture and EOR or sequestration. Not only will this benefit the U.S. gasification technology industry, but it will also result in a global environmental benefit through more affordable control of greenhouse gases (GHGs). See the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) link below for a summary of the impact of fossil fuels without carbon capture on CO2 emissions, on the GHG contributions of different countries, and of the projected impact of developing countries to 2030:

359

Economic Globalization and a Nuclear Renaissance  

SciTech Connect

The phenomenon of globalization has become increasingly well recognized, documented, and analyzed in the last several years. Globalization, the integration of markets and intra-firm competition on a worldwide basis, involves complex behavioral and mindset changes within a firm that facilitate global competition. The changes revolve around efficient information flow and rapid deployment of technology. The objective of this report is to examine the probable characteristics of a global nuclear renaissance and its broad implications for industry structure and export control relative to nuclear technology. The question of how a modern renaissance would affect the trend toward globalization of the nuclear industry is addressed.

Wood, Thomas W.; Johnson, Wayne L.; Parker, Brian M.

2001-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

360

Bringing climate change down to earth : science and participation in Canadian and Australian climate change campaigns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

about Global Climate Change. Public Understanding of ScienceFoundation. 2005a. Climate Change: A Matter of SurvivalFoundation. 2005b. Climate Change > Actions 2005 [cited 10

Padolsky, Miriam Elana

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Workshop report Impact of Global  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with an emphasis on low-to-middle-income countries 21­23 March 2012 Wellcome Trust, London #12;IMPACT OF GLOBALWorkshop report Impact of Global Environmental Change on Food/Nutrition and Water in Relation ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE ON FOOD/NUTRITION AND WATER IN RELATION TO HUMAN HEALTH 21­23 March 2012 Wellcome Trust

Rambaut, Andrew

362

Cambio global y polucin atmosfrica  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pollution and forest ecosystems Atmospheric pollution is referred as a component of global change. The role on the interaction between pollution and climate change. Key words: atmospheric pollution, acidic rain, anatomical anatómicos y fisiológicos, micorrizas, recursos ge- néticos, masas forestales españolas. Abstract Atmospheric

Espigares, Tíscar

363

Global warming: A Northwest perspective  

SciTech Connect

The Northwest Power Planning Council convened a symposium in Olympia, Washington, on the subject of global climate change ( the greenhouse effect'') and its potential for affecting the Pacific Northwest. The symposium was organized in response to a need by the Power Council to understand global climate change and its potential impacts on resource planning and fish and wildlife planning for the region, as well as a need to understand national policy developing toward climate change and the Pacific Northwest's role in it. 40 figs., 15 tabs.

Scott, M.J.; Counts, C.A. (eds.)

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Global Health Research | 2 Global Health Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global Health Research | 2 Global Health Research Supporting researchers in low- and middle-income countries to carry out health- related research within their own countries. Gl bal Health #12;3 | Global Health Research #12;Global Health Research | 4 We are a global charitable foundation dedicated

Rambaut, Andrew

365

Global Predictions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

created every day by the lab and used by the forest service, county commissioners and others. Using computer technology and satellites, the lab currently focuses on three core spatial technologies? GIS, global positioning systems (GPS) and remote...,? said Srinivasan. The lab also uses GPS, a satellite navigation system useful for surveying property boundaries and fields. GPS uses satellites to locate and track any feature on Earth at any given time. The lab is using GPS in identifying the Corps...

Swyden, Courtney

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Global Warming and Extreme Weather  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Warming and Extreme Weather Global Warming and Extreme Weather Speaker(s): Michael Wehner Date: November 28, 2006 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Surabi Menon Extreme weather events can have serious impacts on human and ecological systems. Changes in the magnitude and frequency of extreme weather associated with changes in the mean climate are likely the most serious consequence of human induced global warming. Understanding what the future portends is vital if society hopes to adapt to the very different world that awaits. In this talk, we will exploit simple extreme value theory to make predictions about the late 21st century climate. Current work on the relationship between global warming and the hurricane cycle will also be presented. The bottom line is that events that are considered rare today

367

U.S. Global Change Research Program Recommended Citation: Global...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Options for Climate-Sensitive Ecosystems and Resources Susan Herrod Julius, U.S. EPA; Jordan M. West, U.S. EPA; Jill S. Baron, USGS and Colorado State Univ.; Linda A. Joyce, USDA...

368

Technique and application for quantifying dynamic shoulder joint kinematics and glenohumeral joint contact patterns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The shoulder (glenohumeral) joint has the greatest range of motion of all human joints; as a result, it is particularly vulnerable to dislocation and injury. The ability to accurately measure dynamic in-vivo joint kinematics ...

Massimini, Daniel Frank

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Making Translation Work BIOTECHNOLOGY'S LARGEST GLOBAL EVENT, THE BIO INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION, CONVENES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Making Translation Work BIOTECHNOLOGY'S LARGEST GLOBAL EVENT, THE BIO INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION- tunities and discussing industry trends, investments, and policies meant to better the world.The gathering reasonable protection of commercial interests within strictly defined domains of joint activity, while

Mullins, Dyche

370

ETDE/INIS Joint Thesaurus | Scientific and Technical Information Program  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

ETDE/INIS Joint Thesaurus ETDE/INIS Joint Thesaurus Print page Print page Email page Email page As the DOE representative in these international STI exchanges, OSTI provides the U.S. input using the ETDE/INIS Joint Thesaurus, which contains the controlled terminology for indexing all information within the subject scopes of the International Nuclear Information System (INIS) and the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE). It contains 21,147 valid descriptors and 9,114 forbidden terms. The terminology is intended for use in subject descriptions for input or retrieval of information in these systems. The vocabulary is updated routinely, therefore please refer to the supplements for cumulative references for changes made to the initial printing of the thesaurus. Last updated: February 17, 2011

371

First metatarsophalangeal joint range of motion : influence of ankle joint position and gastrocsoleus muscle stretching.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??[Truncated abstract] First metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ1) motion is an important factor in normal weight transference during walking. Disruptions to normal range can influence joints both… (more)

North, Ian Graham

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Global climate feedbacks  

SciTech Connect

The important physical, chemical, and biological events that affect global climate change occur on a mesoscale -- requiring high spatial resolution for their analysis. The Department of Energy has formulated two major initiatives under the US Global Change Program: ARM (Atmospheric Radiation Measurements), and CHAMMP (Computer Hardware Advanced Mathematics and Model Physics). ARM is designed to use ground and air-craft based observations to document profiles of atmospheric composition, clouds, and radiative fluxes. With research and models of important physical processes, ARM will delineate the relationships between trace gases, aerosol and cloud structure, and radiative transfer in the atmosphere, and will improve the parameterization of global circulation models. The present GCMs do not model important feedbacks, including those from clouds, oceans, and land processes. The purpose of this workshop is to identify such potential feedbacks, to evaluate the uncertainties in the feedback processes (and, if possible, to parameterize the feedback processes so that they can be treated in a GCM), and to recommend research programs that will reduce the uncertainties in important feedback processes. Individual reports are processed separately for the data bases.

Manowitz, B.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

global warming's six indias  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

global warming's six indias: An Audience Segmentation Analysis #12;Global Warming's Six Indias 1............................................................................................................................................20 2. Global Warming Beliefs and Attitudes................................................................................ 21 Knowledge about global warming varies widely by group

Haller, Gary L.

374

2010_Nuclear_Security_Joint_Statement.pdf | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

2010NuclearSecurityJointStatement.pdf 2010NuclearSecurityJointStatement.pdf 2010NuclearSecurityJointStatement.pdf More Documents & Publications United States and France...

375

Joint Fuel Cell Technologies and Advanced Manufacturing Webinar...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Joint Fuel Cell Technologies and Advanced Manufacturing Webinar Joint Fuel Cell Technologies and Advanced Manufacturing Webinar Download the presentation slides from the "Joint...

376

Joint strength in RCS frames  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As part of a National Science Foundation (NSF) program ics. on composite and hybrid systems at Texas A&M University, the objective of this thesis is to investigate the joint strength in reinforced column-steel beam (RCS) special moment frames...

Kirby, Cynthia Dawn

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Sandia National Laboratories: Climate change  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

research effort. Created to help resolve scientific uncertainties related to global climate change, ARM focuses on studying the role of clouds and aerosols in atmospheric and...

378

Marine Biodiversity and Climate Change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Climate change involves shifts in environmental conditions which will affect the distribution and biological performance of species. Global patterns of marine biodiversity are strongly driven by ocean temperature...

Thomas Wernberg; Bayden D. Russell; Mads S. Thomsen…

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

programs in climate change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

existing programs in climate change science and infrastructure. The Laboratory has a 15- year history in climate change science. The Climate, Ocean and Sea Ice Modeling (COSIM) project develops and maintains advanced numerical models of the ocean, sea ice, and ice sheets for use in global climate change

380

Campus Conversations: CLIMATE CHANGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

review and input from scholars with expertise in climate change and communication. #12; Welcome Thank youCampus Conversations: CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE CAMPUS Southwestern Pennsylvania Program booklet is an adaptation and updating of Global Warming and Climate Change, a brochure developed in 1994

Attari, Shahzeen Z.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Modeling joint friction in structural dynamics.  

SciTech Connect

The presence of mechanical joints--typified by the lap joint--in otherwise linear structures has been accommodated in structural dynamics via ad hoc methods for a century. The methods range from tuning linear models to approximate non-linear behavior in restricted load ranges to various methods which introduce joint dissipation in a post-processing stage. Other methods, employing constitutive models for the joints are being developed and their routine use is on the horizon.

Segalman, Daniel Joseph

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Joint Genome Institute's Automation Approach and History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Joint Genome Institute’s Automation Approach and Historythroughput environment; – automation does not necessarilyissues “Islands of Automation” – modular instruments with

Roberts, Simon

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Climate ChangeClimate Change Mitigation StrategiesMitigation Strategies----  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on global mean temperature change or other key impacts translate into limits on atmospheric GHG concentrations? Target: limit atmospheric GHG concentrations How do atmospheric GHG concentration limits translate into limits on global GHG emissions? Target: limit global GHG emissions TargetTarget: limit U

384

Environmental Change Institute Environmental Change Institute  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the functioning of forest ecosystems 16 Governing the world's tropical forests 18 Modelling new patterns of change Analysing water risks in a changing climate 34 A history of achievements Main cover photo: Wych Elm affecting it. We operate at global, national and local levels, working in partnership with people who can

Oxford, University of

385

The potential impact of global warming on the efficacy of field margins sown for the conservation of bumble-bees  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Raffaelli The potential impact of global warming on the efficacy of field margins...change. We simulated the effect of global warming on the network of plant-pollinator...future-proof margins against global warming are discussed. climate change...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

MIGRATION DES JOINTS DE GRAINS LA MIGRATION DES JOINTS INTERGRANULAIRES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(influence de la force motrice, de la température, de l'orientation, de la présence d'éléments étrangers produise sponta- nément, il faut qu'il existe une force motrice, c'est-à-dire que le déplacement du joint accessibles. Très schématiquement, on pourra poser entre la vitesse de migration v et la force motrice F une

Boyer, Edmond

387

Global change: Geographical approaches (A Review)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...quasistable state by matter and energy transfer. Flows and...concepts of turbulent energy/mass balance do not...geographers are those of energy, water (19, 20...ecological development. One obstacle is that no agreed-upon...observations should include solar flux (and spectral variability...

V. M. Kotlyakov; J. R. Mather; G. V. Sdasyuk; G. F. White

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Global food security under climate change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...additional people at risk of hunger by 2080) strongly...individuals who are at high risk of temporarily or permanently...savings, would be at high risk of losing their access...they cannot take out insurance against illness. The...command given the legal, political, economic, and social...

Josef Schmidhuber; Francesco N. Tubiello

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Drivers of change in global agriculture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...cooking and water and space heating (FAO 2000...the agricultural sector. Agriculture's...cropland, to the construction of elaborate irrigation...long-term yields. The construction of modern irrigation...levels. The private sector has less incentive...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Changing Global Petroleum Product Trade Flows  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

incentives for product exports Netherlands and France account for 50% of trade Germany, Turkey, UK, Belgium for more than 45% European Imports of Russian Refined Products...

391

Introduction. Global change and biodiversity: future challenges  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Vulnerability and Adaptation Programme, NRF/DST Centre of Excellence at...of South Africa 3 Laboratoire d'Ecologie Alpine, UMR-CNRS...Collingham, S.G Willis, R.D Gregory, K.W Smith, and B...rsbl.2008.0270 . Keith, D.A , H.R Akcakaya, W Thuiller...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Frontiers in Global Change Seminar Series  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

particles ("aerosols") exert a net cooling effect by directly scattering and absorption of solar radiation (or ice crystal) formation; polluted clouds tend to have more droplets than their pristine that aerosol impacts on clouds (known as "aerosol indirect climatic effects") have a net cooling effect

393

Global Climate Change Earth system science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Climatic regions are areas with similar weather statistics. Climate influences ecosystems. On land, tundra, and desert). Climate #12;Climates of the world #12;Atmospheric circulation #12;Structure). The Greenhouse effect #12;Annual energy flow to Earth from the Sun #12;The Electromagnetic Spectrum 8% 47% 45

Pan, Feifei

394

Frontiers in Global Change Seminar Series presents ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

these states as the basis for compositing precipitation rate, liquid water path, and Madden-Julian Oscillation to identify commonly occurring atmospheric patterns or states and associated cloud profiles (Marchand et al., 2006, 2009). The atmospheric states are defined only by large-scale, synoptic variables such that, once

395

Gender and REDD+ Global instruments and changing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Realistically, to what extent will or can the REDD+ programs (and especially the safeguards envisaged in REDD+) attend safeguards in the REDD+ design integrate social aspects or does the effort call for a major policy redesign

396

Forecasting Agriculturally Driven Global Environmental Change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Mean projections are means of the three univariate and the one...Common Journey: A Transition Toward Sustainability (National Academy Press, Washington...processes combined. 21. S. L.-Postel, Pillar of Sand: Can the Irrigation Miracle...

David Tilman; Joseph Fargione; Brian Wolff; Carla D'Antonio; Andrew Dobson; Robert Howarth; David Schindler; William H. Schlesinger; Daniel Simberloff; Deborah Swackhamer

2001-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

397

Drivers of change in global agriculture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...differ considerably between our three country groups. In many MICs...for purpose (productivity, sustainability, profitability) often poor...W. W. Norton Postel, S Pillar of sand: can the irrigation...Pretty, J 2008Agricultural sustainability: concepts, principles and...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Global atmospheric methane: budget, changes and dangers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...In particular, wider use of heating and air-conditioning in rapidly...sectors (underground coal mines, oil and gas) and landfills by capturing...to reduce emissions from the oil and gas industry come from upgrading...the late-2009 US wellhead price of US$3 per 1000ft3), cost...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Global Climate Change Electric Power Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of energy to generate electricity. There is a long history of electricity regulation in some nations-4430 USA Chapter Summary The warming of the atmosphere and the oceans has been attributed to the release, regulations and financial incentives to "put a price on carbon." That price could come from either a carbon

Ford, Andrew

400

Frontiers in Global Change Seminar Series  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Adaptations to average conditions require a wide range of strategies and investments. Whether or not these adaptations to average conditions address the full range of challenges, they tend to manage the risks from of historical extremes is mixed, with examples of success and failure. One implication of the concentration

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Global Change and the Ecology of Cities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...solid-waste treatment increased...where sewage treatment is lacking...Elemental mass balances can frame this...high-nutrient, treated wastewater substitute...to purchase plants, fertilizer...surface-energy balance, altering not...

Nancy B. Grimm; Stanley H. Faeth; Nancy E. Golubiewski; Charles L. Redman; Jianguo Wu; Xuemei Bai; John M. Briggs

2008-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

402

Global atmospheric methane: budget, changes and dangers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...contribute emissions to an air...larger. Reducing emissions from many...emissions related to economic...climate|greenhouse gas mitigation...Prospects for reducing emissions Methane is...reductions in greenhouse warming...agriculture, energy sectors...oil and gas) and landfills...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Climate Change and Global Wine Quality  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

From 1950 to 1999 the majority of the world's highest quality wine-producing regions experienced growing season warming trends. Vintage quality ratings during this same time period increased significantly while y...

Gregory V. Jones; Michael A. White; Owen R. Cooper; Karl Storchmann

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Climate Change Impacts on Global Food Security  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...America's Climate Choices; National Research Council, America’s Climate Choices (National Academies Press, Washington...Food security: The challenge of feeding 9 billion people . Science 327...of biofuels or other renewable fuels for transport...66 U.S. Congress, Energy Policy Act of 2005...

Tim Wheeler; Joachim von Braun

2013-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

405

E-Print Network 3.0 - arctic environmental change Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transportation Stable legal climate Radical change in global trade... of global weather changes Oil prices (55-60 to 100-150 USD?) ... Source: Kuligowski, Bob -...

406

Global energy demand to 2060  

SciTech Connect

The projection of global energy demand to the year 2060 is of particular interest because of its relevance to the current greenhouse concerns. The long-term growth of global energy demand in the time scale of climatic change has received relatively little attention in the public discussion of national policy alternatives. The sociological, political, and economic issues have rarely been mentioned in this context. This study emphasizes that the two major driving forces are global population growth and economic growth (gross national product per capita), as would be expected. The modest annual increases assumed in this study result in a year 2060 annual energy use of >4 times the total global current use (year 1986) if present trends continue, and >2 times with extreme efficiency improvements in energy use. Even assuming a zero per capita growth for energy and economics, the population increase by the year 2060 results in a 1.5 times increase in total annual energy use.

Starr, C. (Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA (USA))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

update: Emerging research opportunities in global urban ecology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

populations.   Global  Ecology  and  Bio? geography, 20, Global  change  and  the  ecology  of  cities.   Science, rates in urban areas.  Ecology Letters, 12, 1165– La Sorte, 

La Sorte, Frank A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Joint Environmental Management System (EMS) Declaration of Conformance...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Services Environmental Management System Joint Environmental Management System (EMS) Declaration of Conformance Joint Environmental Management System (EMS) Declaration of...

409

Metal-ceramic joint assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A metal-ceramic joint assembly in which a brazing alloy is situated between metallic and ceramic members. The metallic member is either an aluminum-containing stainless steel, a high chromium-content ferritic stainless steel or an iron nickel alloy with a corrosion protection coating. The brazing alloy, in turn, is either an Au-based or Ni-based alloy with a brazing temperature in the range of 9500 to 1200.degree. C.

Li, Jian (New Milford, CT)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Rock Joint Surfaces Measurement and Analysis of Aperture Distribution under Different Normal and Shear Loading Using GIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Geometry of the rock joint is a governing factor for joint mechanical and hydraulic behavior. A new method of evaluating aperture distribution based on measurement of joint surfaces and three dimensional characteristics of each surface is developed. Artificial joint of granite surfaces are measured,processed, analyzed and three dimensional approaches are carried out for surface characterization. Parameters such as asperity's heights, slope angles, and aspects distribution at micro scale,local concentration of elements and their spatial localization at local scale are determined by Geographic Information System (GIS). Changes of aperture distribution at different normal stresses and various shear displacements are visualized and interpreted. Increasing normal load causes negative changes in aperture frequency distribution which indicates high joint matching. However, increasing shear displacement causes a rapid increase in the aperture and positive changes in the aperture frequency distribution which could be ...

Sharifzadeh, Mostafa; Esaki, Tetsuro

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Soil degradation, global warming and climate impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

will demonstrate one methodology for assessing the potential large-scale impacts of soil degradation on African climates and water resources. In addition it will compare and contrast these impacts to those expected from global warming and compare impacts for differ...- ent watershed regions on the continent. 2. METHODS In order to make a similar comparison between pro- jected climate change scenarios due to global warming © Inter-Research 2001 *E-mail: feddema@ku.edu Soil degradation, global warming and climate...

Feddema, Johannes J.; Freire, Sergio Carneiro

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

QUESTIONS ABOUT GLOBAL WARMING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

QUESTIONS ABOUT GLOBAL WARMING ¥IS IT REAL? ¥IS IT IMPORTANT? ¥WHAT IS IT DUE TO? ¥HOW MUCH MORE in the atmosphere, giving Earth its temperate climate. Global Atmosphere, Global Warming GLOBAL TEMPERATURE TREND�t a cure for global warming! Aerosols only last a short while in the atmosphere, they would have

413

Global warming alters sound transmission: differential impact on the prey detection ability of echolocating bats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Research articles 1004 69 Global warming alters sound transmission: differential...change in community composition. Global warming can thus directly affect the prey...prey. echolocation|foraging|global warming|sensory ecology|species interactions...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Global Change: Solutions? Combating climate change is local  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for emissions targets for countries · Allows for emissions trading to achieve targets · Allows for projects

Schweik, Charles M.

415

Needed : a realistic strategy for global warming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Through a brief look at the science and economics of climate, the authors show that if climate change turns out to be a serious threat, an effective response will require a substantial and very long-term global effort. ...

Jacoby, Henry D.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Schmalensee, Richard.

416

Global Social Media Directory: A Resource Guide  

SciTech Connect

The Global Social Media Directory is a resource guide providing information on social networking services around the globe. This information changes rapidly, therefore, this document will be updated on a regular basis and as funding permits.

Noonan, Christine F.; Piatt, Andrew W.

2014-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

417

Building | GE Global Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scientists at GE Global Research get into the holiday spirit by bringing high-tech additive manufacturing techniques to Christmas... Read More Global Research and GE...

418

Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis (JCAP) is the nation's largest research program dedicated to the development of an artificial solar-fuel generation technology. Established in 2010 as a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Energy Innovation Hub, JCAP aims to find a cost-effective method to produce fuels using only sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide as inputs. JCAP brings together more than 140 top scientists and researchers from the California Institute of Technology and its lead partner, Berkeley Lab, along with collaborators from the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, and the University of California campuses at Irvine and San Diego.

Koval, Carl; Lee, Kenny; Houle, Frances; Lewis, Nate

2013-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

419

Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis  

SciTech Connect

The Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis (JCAP) is the nation's largest research program dedicated to the development of an artificial solar-fuel generation technology. Established in 2010 as a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Energy Innovation Hub, JCAP aims to find a cost-effective method to produce fuels using only sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide as inputs. JCAP brings together more than 140 top scientists and researchers from the California Institute of Technology and its lead partner, Berkeley Lab, along with collaborators from the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, and the University of California campuses at Irvine and San Diego.

Koval, Carl; Lee, Kenny; Houle, Frances; Lewis, Nate

2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

420

Secretary Moniz Speaks at the Center on Global Energy Policy...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Policy Secretary Moniz Speaks at the Center on Global Energy Policy Addthis Speakers Secretary Ernest Moniz Duration 38:53 Topic Manufacturing Smart Grid Climate Change...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Entropic uncertainties for joint quantum measurements  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the uncertainty associated with a joint quantum measurement of two spin components of a spin-(1/2) particle and quantify this in terms of entropy. We consider two entropic quantities, the joint entropy and the sum of the marginal entropies, and obtain lower bounds for each of these quantities. For the case of joint measurements where we measure each spin observable equally well, these lower bounds are tight.

Brougham, Thomas [Department of Physics, FJFI, CVUT, Brehova 7, 115 19 Praha 1 (Czech Republic); SUPA, Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 ONG (United Kingdom); Andersson, Erika [SUPA, Department of Physics, School of EPS, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4As (United Kingdom); Barnett, Stephen M. [SUPA, Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 ONG (United Kingdom)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

422

CLEERS Coordination & Joint Development of Benchmark Kinetics...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Kinetic Data CLEERS Coordination & Joint Development of Benchmark Kinetics for LNT & SCR CLEERS Coordination & Development of Catalyst Process Kinetic Data - Pres. 1:...

423

Thomas Moore creates joint invention with MIT  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

which led to a seafood lunch - which led to a joint invention with colleagues from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) that contributed to a sustainable energy...

424

Washington Joint Aquatic Resources Permit Application | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Permit Application Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- Permit ApplicationPermit Application: Washington Joint Aquatic...

425

Global Home File System at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home Home Global Home Filesystem Overview Global home directories (or "global homes") provide a convenient means for a user to have access to source files, input files, configuration files, etc., regardless of the platform the user is logged in to. Wherever possible, you should refer to your home directory using the environment variable $HOME. The absolute path to your home directory (e.g., /u4/elvis/) may change, but the value of $HOME will always be correct. For security reasons, you should never allow "world write" access to your $HOME directory or your $HOME/.ssh directory. NERSC scans for such security weakness, and, if detected, will change the permissions on your directories. Platforms Utilizing Global Home The Global Home file system is available on all NERSC systems except PDSF.

426

Joint Statement of the U.S.-Iraq Joint Coordinating Committee on Energy |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Joint Statement of the U.S.-Iraq Joint Coordinating Committee on Joint Statement of the U.S.-Iraq Joint Coordinating Committee on Energy Joint Statement of the U.S.-Iraq Joint Coordinating Committee on Energy April 23, 2012 - 2:25pm Addthis The governments of the United States of America and the Republic of Iraq reaffirmed their commitment to joint cooperation in the areas of oil production and export, natural gas, electricity, and critical energy infrastructure protection during the inaugural meeting of the Joint Coordinating Committee (JCC) on Energy on April 23, 2012. This meeting, held at the U.S. Department of Energy, was co-chaired by Iraqi Deputy Prime Minister for Energy Dr. Hussain Al Shahristani and U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman and Special Envoy and Coordinator for International Energy Affairs at the U.S. Department of State Ambassador

427

Joint Statement of the U.S.-Iraq Joint Coordinating Committee on Energy |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Joint Statement of the U.S.-Iraq Joint Coordinating Committee on Joint Statement of the U.S.-Iraq Joint Coordinating Committee on Energy Joint Statement of the U.S.-Iraq Joint Coordinating Committee on Energy April 23, 2012 - 2:25pm Addthis The governments of the United States of America and the Republic of Iraq reaffirmed their commitment to joint cooperation in the areas of oil production and export, natural gas, electricity, and critical energy infrastructure protection during the inaugural meeting of the Joint Coordinating Committee (JCC) on Energy on April 23, 2012. This meeting, held at the U.S. Department of Energy, was co-chaired by Iraqi Deputy Prime Minister for Energy Dr. Hussain Al Shahristani and U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman and Special Envoy and Coordinator for International Energy Affairs at the U.S. Department of State Ambassador

428

Kinetic role of the metatarsophalangeal joint in normal walking: Joint moment and power  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Joint moment and power of the metatarsophalangeal (MP) joint in ... with synchronous measurements of ground reaction forces and foot pressure distribution was performed with the two-segment foot model. Twenty-two...

Youngho Kim; Seunghyeon Kim; Jongsang Son…

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Climate Change Proposed Scoping Plan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Climate Change Proposed Scoping Plan a amework for change Prepared by the California Air Resources #12;CLIMATE CHANGE SCOPING PLAN State of California Air Resources Board Resolution 08-47 December 11 greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that cause global warming; WHEREAS, the adverse impacts of climate change

430

MIT Integrated Global System Model (IGSM) Version 2: Model Description and Baseline Evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The MIT Integrated Global System Model (IGSM) is designed for analyzing the global environmental changes that may result from anthropogenic causes, quantifying the uncertainties associated with the projected changes, and ...

Sokolov, Andrei P.

431

There is no Silver Bullet: Regionalization and Market Fragmentation in Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Strategies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentation: Joint Global Change Research Institute

432

GTZ Global Energy Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GTZ Global Energy Program GTZ Global Energy Program Jump to: navigation, search Logo: GTZ Global Energy Program Name GTZ Global Energy Program Agency/Company /Organization GTZ Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis Website http://www.gtz.de/en/praxis/95 Program Start 2008 Program End 2012 References GTZ projects [1] GTZ is working globally with countries on supply of energy technologies and services to households, SME and public utility institutions. Key products include access to modern energy services and promotion of new technologies. References ↑ "GTZ projects" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=GTZ_Global_Energy_Program&oldid=328691" Category: Programs What links here Related changes

433

Global Power Solutions LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power Solutions LLC Power Solutions LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Global Power Solutions LLC Place Colorado Zip CO 80401 Sector Geothermal energy Product String representation "Global Power So ... sition support." is too long. References Global Power Solutions LLC[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Global Power Solutions LLC is a company located in Colorado . References ↑ "Global Power Solutions LLC" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Global_Power_Solutions_LLC&oldid=345917" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link

434

Global Health Seminar Series  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bay Area Global Health Seminar Series Moving beyond millennium targets in global health: The challenges of investing in health and universal health coverage Although targets can help to focus global health efforts, they can also detract attention from deeper underlying challenges in global health

Klein, Ophir

435

Global warming and hurricane intensity and frequency: The debate continues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global warming and hurricane intensity and frequency: The debate continues Megan Mc of these changes. Some scientists believe that global warming and increased sea surface temperatures are to blame, global warming and increased sea surface temperatures do appear to have influenced hurricane frequency

Kareem, Ahsan

436

Global warming triggers the loss of a key Arctic refugium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Research articles 1001 69 60 Global warming triggers the loss of a key Arctic...change that is being driven by global warming. In stark contrast to the amplified...planet's last Arctic refugia from global warming, largely because of the moderating...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Observationally based assessment of polar amplification of global warming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observationally based assessment of polar amplification of global warming Igor V. Polyakov,1) are similar, and do not support the predicted polar amplification of global warming. The possible moderating amplification of global warming. Intrinsic arctic variability obscures long-term changes, limiting our ability

Bhatt, Uma

438

DOE and FERC Joint Public Statement on Back Stop Siting | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FERC Joint Public Statement on Back Stop Siting FERC Joint Public Statement on Back Stop Siting DOE and FERC Joint Public Statement on Back Stop Siting October 11, 2011 - 1:32pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced today his decision that the Department of Energy will work more closely with the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) in reviewing proposed electric transmission projects under section 216 of the Federal Power Act (FPA), as an alternative to delegating additional authority to FERC. Chu said, "This nation promptly needs to build the electric grid of the 21st century to compete in the global economy. Enhanced cooperation between DOE and FERC is the best way to help achieve this goal. I look forward to working with Chairman Wellinghoff as we take steps to ease

439

Global Health: Mental Health and the Global Agenda  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When the World Health Organization (WHO) European Ministerial Conference on Mental Health endorsed the statement "No health without mental health" in 2005, it spoke to the intrinsic — and indispensable — role of mental health care in health care writ large. Yet mental health has long been treated... This article reviews the impact of mental health on overall health on a global level. The authors suggest changes that could lead to improved identification and treatment of mental illness in countries with limited resources.

Becker A.E.; Kleinman A.

2013-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

440

Frangible roof joint behavior of cylindrical oil storage tanks designed to API 650 rules  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the results of an investigation into the frangible joint behavior of tanks designed to API 650 rules. In such tanks, the roof-to-shell joint is intended to fail in the event of overpressurization, venting the tank and containing any remaining fluid. The reasoning behind present API design formulas is reviewed. Combustion analyses, structural analyses, and the results of testing are presented. Results show that higher pressures are reached before frangible joint failure than predicted by the present API 650 calculation. One consequence is that (for empty tanks) uplift of the bottom can be expected to occur more frequently than predicted using API 650. However, uplift does not necessarily mean bottom failure. Instead, the relative strength of the shell-to-bottom and roof-to-shell joints will determine failure. This ratio is larger for larger tanks. Recommendations are made as to possible changes in the design approach of API 650.

Lu, Z.; Swenson, D.V.; Fenton, D.L. [Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, KS (United States). Mechanical Engineering Dept.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

U.S.-Japan Joint Statement | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S.-Japan Joint Statement U.S.-Japan Joint Statement U.S.-Japan Joint Statement prepared as part of the International Partnership for a Hydrogen Economy usjapanstatementrelease...

442

United States-Japan Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

United States-Japan Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan United States-Japan Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan An outline on the United States and Japan's joint nuclear energy action...

443

LONDON'S GLOBAL UNIVERSITY THE GRAND CHALLENGE OF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is under threat from social tension, pollution and climate change. The prospect of global peace and Capacity-Building 11 ­ 14 / Health Effects of Climate Change 15 ­ 16 / Maternal and Child Health 17 ­ 22 security to health informatics and environmental law ­ our world-leading researchers apply their insight

Saunders, Mark

444

The Global Hydrological Cycle Bob Stewart  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is a heat pump, and water and vapor is the working medium. (Your air conditioner is a heat pump, and freon Association 2008 #12;What is Wrong With This Picture? Source: US Global Change Research Program: Our Changing in the atmosphere help keep heat near the surface, and because there is no convection, and no transport of heat

445

Maryland Global Initiatives Corporation Request to Modify  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Maryland Global Initiatives Corporation Request to Modify Payment Authorization Agreement (PAA an existing PAA with this MGIC site: 2. The chartstring funding the existing PAA is: Project ID Owner Dept): Terminate the PAA as of (date): Change in scope of work for site (attach) Other change (describe) 4

Weber, David J.

446

US - Brazil Binational Energy Working Group Joint Action Plan...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

US - Brazil Binational Energy Working Group Joint Action Plan US - Brazil Binational Energy Working Group Joint Action Plan brazilactionplan7202010.pdf More Documents &...

447

Joint Maintenance Status Report of Potomac Electric Power Company...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Joint Maintenance Status Report of Potomac Electric Power Company amd PJM Interconnection, LLC Joint Maintenance Status Report of Potomac Electric Power Company amd PJM...

448

National Report Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

National Report Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management National Report Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent...

449

Fifth National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Fifth National Report for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management Fifth National Report for the Joint Convention...

450

Joint Institute for Neutron Sciences | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Joint Institute for Neutron Sciences SHARE Joint Institute for Neutron Sciences JINS is located on Chestnut Ridge within the 80-acre SNS site, part of Oak Ridge National...

451

Joint inversion of electrical and seismic data for Fracture char...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Joint inversion of electrical and seismic data for Fracture char. and Imaging of Fluid Flow in Geothermal Systems Joint inversion of electrical and seismic data for Fracture char....

452

United States and Japan Sign Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Japan Sign Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan to Promote Nuclear Energy Cooperation United States and Japan Sign Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan to Promote Nuclear Energy...

453

United States -Japan Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan | Department...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

United States -Japan Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan United States -Japan Joint Nuclear Energy Action Plan President Bush of the United States and Prime Minister Koizumi of Japan...

454

United States and France Sign Joint Statement on Civil Liability...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

the Joint Statement by U.S. Secretary of Energy, Ernest Moniz, and French Minister of Ecology, Sustainable Development, and Energy, Philippe Martin. "The signing of this joint...

455

International Power Girasolar joint company | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

joint company Sector: Solar Product: Joint venture announced between US IPWG and Netherlands-headquartered Girasolar, to develop utility-scale solar projects. References:...

456

The draft paper "Global Surface Temperature Change" by Hansen, Ruedy, Sato and Lo is available at http://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/paper/gistemp2010_draft0601.pdf. This is an  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

interesting charts are collected on two PowerPoint posters available at http://www.columbia.edu/~jeh1 importance to humanity, and global warming is the first order manifestation of increasing greenhouse gases be alleviated by stressing the need to focus on the frequency and magnitude of warm and cold anomalies, which

Hansen, James E.

457

Predicting the fate of a living fossil: how will global warming affect sex determination and hatching phenology in tuatara?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of a living fossil: how will global warming affect sex determination and hatching...however, an unlikely response to global warming, as many oviparous species are...species with TSD. climate change|global warming|temperature-dependent sex...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

DOE Joint Genome Institute: Soybean Genome Analysis Reveals Pathways for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

January 13, 2010 January 13, 2010 Soybean Genome Analysis Reveals Pathways for Improving Biodiesel, Disease Resistance, and Reducing Waste Runoff WALNUT CREEK, CA-Soybean, one of the most important global sources of protein and oil, is now the first legume species with a published complete draft genome sequence. The sequence and its analysis appear in the January 14 edition of the journal Nature. The research team comprised 18 institutions, including the U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI), the U.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service (USDA-ARS), Purdue University and the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. The DOE, National Science Foundation, USDA and United Soybean Board supported the research. helix made of soybeans

459

Climate Systems and Climate Change Is Climate Change Real?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 10 Climate Systems and Climate Change #12;Is Climate Change Real? 1980 1898 2005 2003 #12;Arctic Sea Ice Changes #12;Observed Global Surface Air Temperature #12;! Current climate: weather station data, remote sensing data, numerical modeling using General Circulation Models (GCM) ! Past climate

Pan, Feifei

460

Cows Causing Global Warming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Broadcast Transcript: Remember when President Reagan blamed trees for air pollution? Well now the Japanese are blaming cows for global warming. Apparently, the methane emissions from burping cows account for 5% of all global greenhouse gases. Simple...

Hacker, Randi

2008-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Curing | GE Global Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

this paper-based instrument, the size of a deck of playing cards, enables... Read More Additive Manufacturing Demonstration at GE Global Research See how GE Global Research is...

462

Global Environmental Course Title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Department Global Environmental Studies Room Course Title Frontier of Sustainability Science Instructor Akihisa MORI, Global Environmental Studies Satoshi KONISHI, Institute of Advanced consisting from a variety of academic field, including philosophy, politics, economics, energy, architecture

Takada, Shoji

463

INSPECTION OF FUSION JOINTS IN PLASTIC PIPE  

SciTech Connect

The standard method of joining plastic pipe in the field is the butt fusion process. As in any pipeline application, joint quality greatly affects overall operational safety of the system. Currently no simple, reliable, cost effective method of assessing the quality of fusion joints in the field exists. Visual examination and pressure testing are current non-destructive approaches, which do not provide any assurance about the long-term pipeline performance. This project will develop, demonstrate, and validate an in-situ non-destructive inspection method for butt fusion joints in gas distribution plastic pipelines. The inspection system will include a laser based image-recognition system that will automatically generate and interpret digital images of pipe joints and assign them a pass/fail rating, which eliminates operator bias in evaluating joint quality. A Weld Zone Inspection Method (WZIM) is being developed in which local heat is applied to the joint region to relax the residual stresses formed by the original joining operation and reveal the surface condition of the joint. In cases where the joint is not formed under optimal conditions, and the intermolecular forces between contacting surfaces are not strong enough, the relaxation of macromolecules in the surface layer causes the material to pull back, revealing a fusion line. If the joint is sound, the bond line image does not develop. To establish initial feasibility of the approach, welds were performed under standard and non-standard conditions. These welds were subjected to the WZIM and tensile testing. There appears to be a direct correlation between the WZIM and tensile testing results. Although WZIM appears to be more sensitive than tensile testing can verify, the approach appears valid.

Alex Savitski; Connie Reichert; John Coffey

2004-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

464

Joint Electrical Utilities (Iowa) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Joint Electrical Utilities (Iowa) Joint Electrical Utilities (Iowa) Joint Electrical Utilities (Iowa) < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Iowa Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Iowa Utilities Board Cities may establish utilities to acquire existing electric generating facilities or distribution systems. Acquisition, in this statute, is defined as city involvement, and includes purchase, lease, construction, reconstruction, extension, remodeling, improvement, repair, and equipping of the facility. This chapter does not limit the powers or authority of

465

The Global Carbon Bank | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » The Global Carbon Bank Jump to: navigation, search Name The Global Carbon Bank Place Houston, Texas Zip 77025 Sector Carbon, Services Product Houston-based provider of advisory and development services to utilities regarding carbon compliance and emissions offsets. References The Global Carbon Bank[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. The Global Carbon Bank is a company located in Houston, Texas . References ↑ "The Global Carbon Bank"

466

Global Cool Cities Alliance | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Global Cool Cities Alliance Global Cool Cities Alliance Global Cool Cities Alliance The Department of Energy (DOE) is currently supporting the Global Cool Cities Alliance (GCCA), a non-profit organization that works with cities, regions, and national governments to speed the worldwide installation of cool roofs, pavements, and other surfaces. GCCA is dedicated to advancing policies and actions that increase the solar reflectance of our buildings and pavements as a cost-effective way to promote cool buildings, cool cities, and to mitigate the effects of climate change through global cooling. The alliance was launched in June of 2011. Cool reflective surfaces are an important near-term strategy for improving city sustainability by delivering significant benefits such as increased building efficiency and comfort, improved urban health, and heat

467

Local effects of global warming.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Currently, global warming is a focus of attention. In order to scientifically evaluate evidence about global warming, and prove the existence of global warming, this… (more)

Lu, Jun

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Nome Joint Utility Systems | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Joint Utility Systems Joint Utility Systems Jump to: navigation, search Name Nome Joint Utility Systems Place Alaska Utility Id 13642 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location AK Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Electrical Charge Residential Power Cost Equalization Average Rates Residential: $0.3600/kWh Commercial: $0.3310/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Nome_Joint_Utility_Systems&oldid=411195

469

Joint Genome Institute (JGI) Projects at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Joint Genome Institute Joint Genome Institute (JGI) Joint Genome Institute (JGI) nicole-illumina-flowcell.jpg Key Challenges: Ensuring that there is a robust computational infrastructure for managing, storing and gleaning scientific insights from the torrent of data that constantly flows from the advanced sequencing platforms at the Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (JGI). JGI sequencing capacity exceeds 40 billion DNA base pairs per year and is growing at a rate that exceeds computer hardware improvements, with exponential increases in computation and storage needed. JGI will generate about 1 petabyte of data in their first year as a NERSC partner; this is expected to double each year. Why it Matters: JGI is the primary production sequencing facility for the DOE. By revealing the genetic blueprint and fundamental principles that

470

Static strength assessment of cracked tubular joints  

SciTech Connect

Results from a number of investigations on the ultimate capacity of cracked tubular joints are available. A comparison of the results with predictions from parametric equations for the static strength capacity of intact joints indicates that the presence of a defect can have a significant influence on the joint capacity. The data, which were obtained from experiments on small-scale and large-scale tests and numerical analyses, are assessed in this paper. A range of tubular joint geometries containing surface and through-thickness cracks are considered. The data are assessed with respect to characteristic static strength predictions and fracture mechanics predictions based on the use of the Failure Assessment Diagram approach. Finally, an outline of current research in this area is presented.

Stacey, A.; Sharp, J.V. [Health and Safety Executive, London (United Kingdom). Offshore Safety Div.; Nichols, N.W. [AEA Technology, Culham (United Kingdom)

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Sandia National Laboratories: Joint Hire Increases Materials...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science Collaboration for Sandia, UNM Sandia Funded to Model Power Pods for Utility-Scale Wave-Energy Converter Mapping Water Availability in the Western US Joint Hire Increases...

472

Joint Genome Institute's Automation Approach and History  

SciTech Connect

Department of Energy/Joint Genome Institute (DOE/JGI) collaborates with DOE national laboratories and community users, to advance genome science in support of the DOE missions of clean bio-energy, carbon cycling, and bioremediation.

Roberts, Simon

2006-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

473

Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research - JASPER  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Commonly known as JASPER the Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research facility is a two stage light gas gun used to study the behavior of plutonium and other materials under high pressures, temperatures, and strain rates.

None

2015-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

474

Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research - JASPER  

SciTech Connect

Commonly known as JASPER the Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research facility is a two stage light gas gun used to study the behavior of plutonium and other materials under high pressures, temperatures, and strain rates.

None

2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

475

Climate Leaders Joint Venture | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Leaders Joint Venture Leaders Joint Venture Jump to: navigation, search Name Climate Leaders' Joint Venture Place Dallas, Texas Product Tudor Investment and Camco International have partnered to create Climate Leaders' Joint Venture. They will have inital working capital of USD 10m, with Camco owning 60%. Coordinates 32.778155°, -96.795404° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.778155,"lon":-96.795404,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

476

Safety Monitor Joint Working Group (JWG) Tour  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 th Meeting of the Joint Working Group of the U.S.-Japan Coordinating Committee of Fusion Energy on Safety in Inter-Institutional Collaborations (U.S.-Japan Safety Monitoring...

477

Influence of Dynamic Land Use and Land Cover Change on Simulated Global Terrestrial Carbon and Nitrogen Cycles, Climate-carbon Cycle Feedbacks, and Interactions with Rising CO2 and Anthropogenic Nitrogen Deposition  

SciTech Connect

Previous work has demonstrated the sensitivity of terrestrial net carbon exchange to disturbance history and land use patterns at the scale of individual sites or regions. Here we show the influence of land use and land cover dynamics over the historical period 1850-present on global-scale carbon, nutrient, water, and energy fluxes. We also explore the spatial and temporal details of interactions among land use and disturbance history, rising atmospheric carbon dioxide consentation, and increasing anthropogenic nitrogen deposition. Our simulations show that these interactions are significant, and that their importance grows over time, expressed as a fraction of the independent forcing terms. We conclude with an analysis of the influence of these interactions on the sign and magnitude of global climate-carbon cycle feedbacks.

Thornton, Peter E [ORNL; Hoffman, Forrest M [ORNL; Hurtt, George C [University of Hew Hampshire

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Secretary Bodman Travels to Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy Investments Secretary Bodman Travels to Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy Investments January 19, 2007 - 10:38am Addthis Furthers Strategic Energy Dialogue between the Nations and Highlights U.S. - Saudi Scientific Innovation RIYADH, SAUDI ARABIA - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today continued his six-nation visit to the Middle East and Europe with a two-day stop in Saudi Arabia where he met with Saudi Arabia's Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Ali Ibrahim Al-Naimi to discuss joint energy cooperation. Secretary Bodman also toured the King Abdul-Aziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) and will tour the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology during his visit. "The United States and Saudi Arabia enjoy a relationship of global

479

Waste and Climate Change ISWA WHITE PAPER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and 2003, total global GHG emissions from the waste sector declined 14­ 19% for the 36 industrialised transform the waste sector into a net global reducer of GHG emissions, and making the necessary commitments to assist this change. ISWA's aim is to facilitate global improvements in waste management strategies. Our

480

CHARACTERIZATION OF DAMPING IN BOLTED LAP JOINTS  

SciTech Connect

The dynamic response of a jointed beam was measured in laboratory experiments. The data were analyzed and the system was mathematically modeled to establish plausible representations of joint damping behavior. Damping is examined in an approximate, local linear framework using log decrement and half power bandwidth approaches. in addition, damping is modeled in a nonlinear framework using a hybrid surface irregularities model that employs a bristles-construct. Experimental and analytical results are presented.

C. MALONEY; D. PEAIRS; ET AL

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "joint global change" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Feature selection for automatic solder joint inspection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FEATURE SELECTION FOR AUTOMATIC SOLDER JOINT INSPECTION A Thesis CHENG-CHENG LEE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AiVM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1987 Major... Subject: Mechanical Engineering FEATURE SELECTION FOR AUTOMATIC SOLDER JOINT INSPECTION A Thesis by CHENG-CHENG LEE Approved as to style and content by: Morris Driels (Chairman of Committee) Norman Gris ld (Member) i(?? Oren Xlasor'i (kfembef...

Lee, Cheng-Cheng

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

482

5 - Consequences of Global Warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter looks at different areas of risk associated with the onset of global warming. The first risk area refers to pathogens and diseases. We first discuss perspectives on disease spread, and focus on the role played by globalization and the current livestock “revolution” strongly affected by large-scale processes of urbanization. We then discuss zoonoses, or diseases that are passed between humans and other animals, and identify 11 kinds of zoonoses associated with global warming. Although not a zoonose, malaria is also discussed. Patterns of transmission associated with warming tend to be poleward, and small changes in temperature can produce large changes in disease vectors to higher latitudes. A brief presentation of the history of malaria shows how it has had a substantial effect on conflicts in the past, particularly the US Civil War (1861–1865) and World War I. It has been famously suggested that World War I ended because of the spread of Swine Flu, decimating the Axis troops and rendering many units unable to continue fighting. AIDS is presented as a contemporary example of the way in which diseases can profoundly undermine the capacity of a country to provide security and state leadership, and undercut international peacekeeping activities.

John P. Crank; Linda S. Jacoby

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

2 - What Is Global Warming?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this chapter, we introduce students to the basic notion of global warming. We begin with a discussion of the historical ordinariness of global temperature swings, reviewing patterns of temperature changes across glaciations in the most recent glacial period. This is followed by a discussion of the nature of greenhouse gases, how they heat the planet, and the centrality of CO2 in the production of weather. The earth’s energy budget is presented as a chart that illustrates how various elements of the planet and its atmosphere interact to arrive at average temperatures. Following this is a discussion of human-created sources of greenhouse gases heating the planet, and here we introduce the concept of climate forcings, or external variables that are responsible for causing global temperature increases (or decreases). Primary and secondary feedbacks are shown as mechanisms in which warming, once it reaches a certain level, tends to become self-fulfilling, increasing the rate and level of heating beyond human capacity to intervene. Critical tipping points, or points at which fundamental changes in the climate will occur, are followed by a discussion of climate sensitivity, which is the assessment of the amount of temperature increase associated with increments of greenhouse gases. Finally, we ask “how hot will it get,” and close with a discussion of overall heating capacity for short- and long-term periods and a discussion of the duration of greenhouse gases, once introduced into the atmosphere.

John P. Crank; Linda S. Jacoby

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

IGBP-DIS Global Primary Production Data Initiative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

IGBP-DIS Global Primary Production Data Initiative IGBP-DIS Global Primary Production Data Initiative The GPPDI Workshop was held in Cincinnati, U.S.A., December 1996 (Olson et al., 1997). Summary (September 1996) by Dick Olson and Steve Prince from Global Change Newsletter No. 27; International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme: A Study of Global Change (IGBP) of the International Council of Scientific Unions Global modelling and monitoring of net primary production (NPP) is being given high priority in IGBP owing to increasing concern over issues such as the consequences of perturbations in the carbon cycle, the impacts of global land-use change, global climate change, and global food security. Significant advances have been made in process modelling and in the use of remote sensing to monitor global vegetation. The advances in modelling and remote sensing of NPP have highlighted the lack of readily available, reliable information from field studies with which to parameterise and validate the models. The Global Primary Production Data Initiative (GPPDI) is intended to remedy this problem by identifying existing field data sets of primary production and associated environmental data. The programme is using data sets for representative sites, and extrapolating or regionalising the better data sets to grid cells sizes of up to 0.5º x 0.5º. Emphasis is on variables needed to parameterise and validate primary production models, including above and below ground NPP, standing crop, LAI, climate data, site data and landscape variability.

485

E-Print Network 3.0 - avoid climate change Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

climate change Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: avoid climate change Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Global Climate Change...

486

LLNL scientists find precipitation, global warming link  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 For immediate release: 11/11/2013 | NR-13-11-04 Lawrence Livermore scientists have found that observed changes in global precipitation are directly affected by human activities. LLNL scientists find precipitation, global warming link Anne M Stark, LLNL, (925) 422-9799, stark8@llnl.gov LIVERMORE, Calif. -- The rain in Spain may lie mainly on the plain, but the location and intensity of that rain is changing not only in Spain but around the globe. A new study by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists shows that observed changes in global (ocean and land) precipitation are directly affected by human activities and cannot be explained by natural variability alone. The research appears in the Nov. 11 online edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

487

Jointly present a singular event: for one day, leaders of developed and developing economies will convene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jointly present a singular event: ® ® for one day, leaders of developed and developing economies how do States, investors and ngos bring about a change in the culture of justice? n What are keysBusevac,Senior Operations Officer, Investment Climate Department, World Bank Group 15.30 Panel

O'Mahony, Donal E.

488

Superlakes, Megafloods, and Abrupt Climate Change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...climate changes. The Center for Climatic Research at the University of Wisconsin-Madison develops and uses coupled earth system models to study past, present, and future climate. The Global Change and Climate Modelling Team, Paris, develops models...

Garry Clarke; David Leverington; James Teller; Arthur Dyke

2003-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

489

PNNL Global Energy Technology Strategy Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Technology Strategy Program Technology Strategy Program Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Global Energy Technology Strategy Program Name Global Energy Technology Strategy Program Agency/Company /Organization Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Sector Energy Website http://www.pnl.gov/gtsp/ References Global Energy Technology Strategy Program [1] "Since its inception in 1998, the Global Energy Technology Strategy Program (GTSP) has been assessing the important roles that technology can play in effectively managing the long-term risks of climate change. This involves an integrated approach to fully exploring all aspects of climate change - including scientific, economic, regulatory, and social impacts - and then aligning new or existing technologies to mitigate negative consequences.[1]

490

Global warming, Bergmann's rule and body mass are they related? The chukar partridge (Alectoris chukar) case  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global warming, Bergmann's rule and body mass ± are they related? The chukar partridge (Alectoris of chukar partridges Alectoris chukar has changed as a result of global warming. Body mass showed warming, Israel INTRODUCTION Recent global environmental changes are providing scientists

Yom-Tov, Yoram

491

A size-structured food-web model for the global ocean*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Global Change Science (CGCS) and the Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research (CEEPR of global environment and energy challenges, thereby contributing to informed debate about climate change reproduces global distributions of nutrients, biomass, and primary productivity, and captures the power

492

DOE Joint Genome Institute: Model Microbial Community for Studying  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

October 22, 2009 October 22, 2009 Model Microbial Community for Studying Expanding Dead Zones Characterized WALNUT CREEK, CA-Among the many changes in the ocean is the expansion of oxygen-deficient or oxygen minimum zones (OMZs), also known as dead zones, which affect the processes by which carbon is captured and sequestered on the seafloor and alter the microbial activities that impact the rate and magnitude of ocean carbon sequestration. Despite the importance of these effects, very little is known about the metabolism of OMZ microbes and how they respond to environmental changes. In the Oct. 23 issue of the journal Science, researchers from the University of British Columbia and the U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI) describe the metagenome of an abundant but

493

2013 Global Carbon Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2013 Global Carbon Project 2013 Global Carbon Project DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/GCP_2013_V1.1 image 2013 Budget v1.1 (November 2013) image 2013 Budget v1.3 (December 2013, contains typographical corrections to 2011 Australia emissions from v1.1 and corrections to the 2011 Australia transfer and consumption emissions from v1.2) image image image image Global Carbon Dioxide Emissions to Reach 36 Billion Tonnes in 2013 Global emissions of carbon dioxide from the combustion of fossil fuels will reach 36 billion tonnes for the year 2013. "This is a level unprecedented in human history," says CSIRO's Dr Pep Canadell, Executive-Director of the Global Carbon Project (GCP) and co-author of a new report. Global emissions due to fossil fuel alone are set to grow this year at a slightly lower pace of 2.1% than the average 3.1% since 2000, reaching 36

494

Cleantech Professional Resource Global Limited CPR Global | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Professional Resource Global Limited CPR Global Professional Resource Global Limited CPR Global Jump to: navigation, search Name Cleantech Professional Resource Global Limited (CPR Global) Place London, United Kingdom Zip EC4M 9DN Product Cleantech Professional Resource is a resource management consultancy focusing on the cleantech sector in the UK and Europe. References Cleantech Professional Resource Global Limited (CPR Global)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Cleantech Professional Resource Global Limited (CPR Global) is a company located in London, United Kingdom . References ↑ "Cleantech Professional Resource Global Limited (CPR Global)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Cleantech_Professional_Resource_Global_Limited_CPR_Global&oldid=343687

495

Prepare The Nation For Change  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Prepare The Nation For Change Print E-mail What Is Adaptation and Mitigation? Adaptation An adjustment in natural and/or human systems to a new or changing environment that exploits beneficial opportunities and moderates negative impacts. Mitigation An intervention to reduce the sources or enhance the sinks of greenhouse gases and other climate warming agents. This intervention could include approaches devised to: reduce emissions of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere to enhance their removal from the atmosphere through storage in geological formations, soils, biomass, or the ocean How do we prepare for global change? Global change is affecting many aspects of society, livelihoods, and the environment. Across the United States and around the world, people are making decisions to effectively minimize (mitigate) and prepare for (adapt) global change.

496

Powering | GE Global Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trials GE Global Research is advancing technology that will make the inspection of wind turbines faster and more reliable for customers.... Read More Brilliant(tm) Wind...

497

Subsidizing Global Solar Power.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? With national cuts on solar PV subsidies and the current “oversupply” of panels, the global solar market is clearly threatened by a contraction. Yet,… (more)

Arnesson, Daniel

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Handbook on dynamics of jointed structures.  

SciTech Connect

The problem of understanding and modeling the complicated physics underlying the action and response of the interfaces in typical structures under dynamic loading conditions has occupied researchers for many decades. This handbook presents an integrated approach to the goal of dynamic modeling of typical jointed structures, beginning with a mathematical assessment of experimental or simulation data, development of constitutive models to account for load histories to deformation, establishment of kinematic models coupling to the continuum models, and application of finite element analysis leading to dynamic structural simulation. In addition, formulations are discussed to mitigate the very short simulation time steps that appear to be required in numerical simulation for problems such as this. This handbook satisfies the commitment to DOE that Sandia will develop the technical content and write a Joints Handbook. The content will include: (1) Methods for characterizing the nonlinear stiffness and energy dissipation for typical joints used in mechanical systems and components. (2) The methodology will include practical guidance on experiments, and reduced order models that can be used to characterize joint behavior. (3) Examples for typical bolted and screw joints will be provided.

Ames, Nicoli M.; Lauffer, James P.; Jew, Michael D.; Segalman, Daniel Joseph; Gregory, Danny Lynn; Starr, Michael James; Resor, Brian Ray

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Paradox in South Asian summer monsoon circulation change: Lower tropospheric strengthening and upper tropospheric weakening  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hydrological cycle to global warming, J. Clim. , 19, 5686–change in response to global warming, J. Clim. , 25, May,cycle in response to global warming, J. Clim. , 23, 4651–

Ma, Jian; Yu, Jin-Yi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

ALS Global Agroecosystems -Draft 1 Global Agroecosystems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

following class or by appointment PREREQUISITES Introduction to Soils (SWS 3022), Soils for Environmental. This course will emphasize greater understanding of this triple bottom line in agricultural production and timely global issue in agroecology and effectively communicate in video format. CLASS FORMAT Three 50

Ma, Lena