Sample records for jian jian li

  1. THIN FILM EPITAXY WITH OR WITHOUT SLOPE SELECTION BO LI AND JIAN-GUO LIU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soatto, Stefano

    THIN FILM EPITAXY WITH OR WITHOUT SLOPE SELECTION BO LI AND JIAN-GUO LIU Abstract. Two nonlinear diffusion equations for thin film epitaxy, with or without slope se- lection, are studied in this work = - · h 1 + | h|2 + h (1.1) and th = - · 1 - | h|2 h + h (1.2) that model epitaxial growth of thin films

  2. When HTTPS Meets CDN: A Case of Authentication in Delegated Service Jinjin Liang, Jian Jiang, Haixin Duan, Kang Li , Tao Wan , Jianping Wu,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Kang

    providers also start to offer DDoS mitigation services by hiding the original web site and distributingWhen HTTPS Meets CDN: A Case of Authentication in Delegated Service Jinjin Liang, Jian Jiang technologies, each of which has been well studied individually and independently. This paper provides

  3. Low Power Discrete Voltage Assignment Under Clock Skew , Jian Sun2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Hai

    assignment problem by formulating it into an Integer Linear Programming (ILP) with inequalities representingLow Power Discrete Voltage Assignment Under Clock Skew Scheduling Li Li1 , Jian Sun2 , Yinghai Lu1 Abstract--Multiple Supply Voltage (MSV) assignment has emerged as an appealing technique in low power IC

  4. Acrolein induces oxidative stress in brain mitochondria Jian Luo, Riyi Shi*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi, Riyi

    Acrolein induces oxidative stress in brain mitochondria Jian Luo, Riyi Shi* Department of Basic 2004 Available online 14 November 2004 Abstract Acrolein, a byproduct of lipid peroxidation, has been demonstrates that acrolein can directly stimulate mitochondrial oxidative stress. Specifically, exposure

  5. This article was downloaded by: [West Virginia University], [Hong-Jian Lai] On: 23 April 2014, At: 08:00

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lai, Hong-jian

    This article was downloaded by: [West Virginia University], [Hong-Jian Lai] On: 23 April 2014, At University, Xuzhou, Jiangsu, 221116, China d Department of Mathematics, West Virginia University, Morgantown://www.tandfonline.com/page/terms- and-conditions Downloadedby[WestVirginiaUniversity],[Hong-JianLai]at08:0023April2014 #12;International

  6. Infrared Spectroscopy of H3O : The 1 Fundamental Band Jian Tang and Takeshi Oka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oka, Takeshi

    Infrared Spectroscopy of H3O : The 1 Fundamental Band Jian Tang and Takeshi Oka Department, Illinois 60637 E-mail: t-oka@uchicago.edu Received December 24, 1998 The infrared spectrum of H3O 113.6(1)°. © 1999 Academic Press Key Words: infrared spectroscopy; H3O ; vibration

  7. Phase stability of carbon clathrates at high pressure Jian-Tao Wang,1,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Wei Hua

    Phase stability of carbon clathrates at high pressure Jian-Tao Wang,1,a Changfeng Chen,2 Ding, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China 2 Department of Physics and Hi an ab initio study on the structural stability of carbon clathrates at high pressure and identify fcc

  8. Breaking POET Authentication with a Single Query Jian Guo, Jeremy Jean, Thomas Peyrin, and Lei Wang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Breaking POET Authentication with a Single Query Jian Guo, J´er´emy Jean, Thomas Peyrin, and Lei article, we describe a very practical and simple attack on the au- thentication part of POET authenticated encryption mode proposed at FSE 2014. POET is a provably secure scheme that was designed to resist various

  9. Otsu method and K-means DongjuLiu, JianYu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolberg, George

    Otsu method and K-means DongjuLiu, JianYu Department of Computer Science Beijing Jiaotong optimal threshold, while K-means is a local optimal method. Moreover, K-means does not require computing. Therefore, K-means can be more efficiently extended to multilevel thresholding method, two

  10. Gaussian Process Learning for Cyber-Attack Early Warning Jian Zhang1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Jian

    Gaussian Process Learning for Cyber-Attack Early Warning Jian Zhang1 , Phillip Porras1 , Johannes- gressive attack sources, as such information can help to proactively defend their networks. For this pur of attacks observed by others. However, the total number of reported attackers is huge in these systems. Thus

  11. Web-Page Summarization Using Clickthrough Data Jian-Tao Sun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Qiang

    Web-Page Summarization Using Clickthrough Data Jian-Tao Sun Dept. of Computer Science Tsing for them. Our methods are evaluated on a dataset consisting of manually annotated pages as well as a large summarize Web pages for Web users. For example, Web portals such as Yahoo! and LookSmart organize their Web

  12. Latent Friend Mining from Blog Data , Jian-Tao Sun2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Qiang

    , it is not easy to obtain and maintain the profiles manually. Therefore, the automatic approaches in mining usersLatent Friend Mining from Blog Data Dou Shen1 , Jian-Tao Sun2 , Qiang Yang1 , Zheng Chen2 1 in recent years with benefits for different types of users. For individuals, the Web community helps

  13. Spectral Properties of -Plutonium: Sensitivity to 5f Occupancy Jian-Xin Zhu,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spectral Properties of -Plutonium: Sensitivity to 5f Occupancy Jian-Xin Zhu,1 A. K. McMahan,2 M. D a systematic analysis of the spectral properties of -plutonium with varying 5f occupancy. The LDA Hamiltonian properties, crystal structure, and metallurgy, plutonium is probably the most complicated element

  14. Extending the Lifetime of Fuel Cell Based Hybrid Systems* Jianli Zhuo1, Chaitali Chakrabartil, Naehyuck Chang2, Sarma Vrudhula3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambhampati, Subbarao

    34.1 Extending the Lifetime of Fuel Cell Based Hybrid Systems* Jianli Zhuo1, Chaitali Chakrabartil@asu.edu ABSTRACT for portable applications. Fuel cells have very high energy densities Fuel cells are clean power densities and lifetimes compared to batteries. However, fuel cells

  15. PVDF microbelts for harvesting energy from respiration Chengliang Sun, Jian Shi, Dylan J. Bayerl and Xudong Wang*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xudong

    PVDF microbelts for harvesting energy from respiration Chengliang Sun, Jian Shi, Dylan J. Bayerl the energy from low-speed air flow to electricity via their resonant oscillation. The micrometre thick PVDF microbelts were able to generate sufficient electrical energy from low speed air flow for the sustained

  16. Correlated Topological Insulators with Mixed Valence Feng Lu, JianZhou Zhao, Hongming Weng, Zhong Fang,* and Xi Dai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Wei Hua

    Correlated Topological Insulators with Mixed Valence Feng Lu, JianZhou Zhao, Hongming Weng, Zhong is a strongly correlated topological insulator. The unique feature of this compound is that its surface states contain three Dirac cones in contrast to most known topological insulators. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.110

  17. Theory of Second-Harmonic Generation in Colloidal Crystals J. P. Huang,* Y. C. Jian, and C. Z. Fan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Ji-Ping

    Theory of Second-Harmonic Generation in Colloidal Crystals J. P. Huang,* Y. C. Jian, and C. Z. Fan-Kornfeld formulation, we study the effective susceptibility of second-harmonic generation (SHG) in colloidal crystals of second-harmonic generation (SHG); that is, an input (pump) wave can generate another wave with twice

  18. The Hidden Cost of Hidden Terminals Feilu Liu, Jian Lin, Zhifeng Tao, Thanasis Korakis, Elza Erkip and Shivendra Panwar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Panwar, Shivendra S.

    The Hidden Cost of Hidden Terminals Feilu Liu, Jian Lin, Zhifeng Tao§, Thanasis Korakis, Elza Erkip that this is not necessarily true and terminals can be hidden from each other. In this paper, the impact of hidden terminals measure- ments in a real network. In the presence of hidden terminals, it is observed that the widely

  19. Dynamic Effects on the Tropical Cloud Radiative Forcing and Radiation Budget JIAN YUAN, DENNIS L. HARTMANN, AND ROBERT WOOD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Robert

    Dynamic Effects on the Tropical Cloud Radiative Forcing and Radiation Budget JIAN YUAN, DENNIS L to isolate the effect of large-scale dynamics on the observed radiation budget and cloud properties the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) show that the net radiative effect of clouds on the earth

  20. KONG, JIAN. Infrared-Based Temperature Measurement in Ceramics Grinding and Diesel Exhaust Aftertreatment Filters. (Under the direction of Albert J. Shih)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shih, Albert J.

    of the temperature distribution on the cavity wall surface in diesel exhaust aftertreatment filters usingABSTRACT KONG, JIAN. Infrared-Based Temperature Measurement in Ceramics Grinding and Diesel Exhaust Aftertreatment Filters. (Under the direction of Albert J. Shih) Non-contact remote-sensing radiation thermometry

  1. Design of Unitary Precoders for ISI Channels Jian-Kang Zhang 1 , Aleksandar Kav ci c 1 , Xiao Ma 1 and Kon Max Wong 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kavcic, Aleksandar

    i Design of Unitary Precoders for ISI Channels Jian-Kang Zhang 1 , Aleksandar Kav#20;ci#19;c 1 for suppressing the intersymbol interference (ISI) and being robust to fre- quency selective channels interblock interference and devising simple but e#11;ective precoders for suppress- ing ISI and being robust

  2. Clemens Moser, Lothar Thiele, and, Jian-Jia Chen "Power management in energy harvesting systems with discrete service levels". In ISLPED'09: Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE conference on Internationl symposium on low power elctronics and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simunic, Tajana

    large savings in energy with a modest performance loss. The energy measurements for the different DVFS1 2 Clemens Moser, Lothar Thiele, and, Jian-Jia Chen "Power management in energy harvesting systems on low power elctronics and design, 2009 J. B. Steck and, T. Rosing, "Adapting Task Utility in Externally

  3. Jian-Rong (Jeff) Li | Center for Gas SeparationsRelevant to Clean Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch > The Energy Materials Center atdiffusivities inJLFTechnologies|

  4. Energy-Harvesting Shock Absorber with a Mechanical Motion Zhongjie Li, Lei Zuo*, Jian Kuang, and George Luhrs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zuo, Lei

    Kuang, and George Luhrs Department of Mechanical Engineering, State University of New York at Stony energy harvesting such as from tall buildings or long bridges. 1. Introduction The transportation counts for 70% of fuel consumption in the United States and over three quarters of which is for road vehicles [1

  5. Department of Computer Science and Engineering Phone List TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    @clemson.edu 2016 ETB Li, Jian jianli@us.ibm.com 512-286- 7228 Marshal, Katherine nomiddlinitial@gmail.com Morales

  6. Department of Computer Science and Engineering Phone List TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -6395 Gooch, Amy amy.a.gooch@gmail.com House, Don 2016 ETB Li, Jian jianli@us.ibm.com 512-286- 7228 Quek

  7. Ballistic thermal rectification in nanoscale three-terminal junctions Lifa Zhang,1 Jian-Sheng Wang,1 and Baowen Li1,2,*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Baowen

    . The masses are coupled through nearest neighbors by elastic springs with longitudinal and transverse force and con- trolling of heat flow by phonons, is an emerging new field that is attracting increasing get different heat conductances by exchanging the heat baths with differ- ent structures connected

  8. anu reigo jian: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    European Botea, Adi 5 itservices.anu.edu.au Information Technology Services Renewable Energy Websites Summary: S Contents Introduction 3 ANU Email 4 ANU Enterprise Travel System 4...

  9. Jian-Xin Zhu Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    + i - ij Numerical details: Supercell technique JXZ et al., PRB 59, 3353 (1999) T0.01, 0.1 (input parameter) NN2424 JXZ, Martin, Bishop, PRL...

  10. PROFESSOR JIAN LUO Department of NanoEngineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Deli

    materials/coatings for applications in nuclear power generation systems and clean coal technologies. Luo

  11. Andrew G. West, Jian Chang CIS400 Senior Design Tutorial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    . A terminal in which to run programs Windows calls this 'command prompt' Or the terminal/shell included AUTHORING #12;8 Required Tags COMMENTS: Lines beginning with a '%' are not compiled DOCUMENT_CLASS: Specify Tags COMMENTS: Lines beginning with a '%' are not compiled DOCUMENT_CLASS: Specify a broad formatting

  12. School: Mathematics, Statistics and Actuarial Science Supervisor: Professor Jian Zhang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    by electrical currents occurring in the brain, using arrays of superconducting quantum interference sensors

  13. Jian-Xin Zhu Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn12electron beam chargesJennifer Awe AboutJia named

  14. Jian Gongge Hydropower Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup | OpenHunanInformationJames Watkins JumpJenn Feng

  15. Transport in Porous Media ISSN 0169-3913

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhan, Hongbin

    -011-9720-2 Applicability of the Linearized Governing Equation of Gas Flow in Porous Media Jian Li · Hongbin Zhan · Guanhua

  16. Author's personal copy Two-region non-Darcian flow toward a well in a confined aquifer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhan, Hongbin

    ,b , Guanhua Huang a,b,*, Hongbin Zhan c,1 , Jian Li a,b a Department of Irrigation and Drainage, College

  17. Latin Hypercube Sampling in Bayesian Networks Jian Cheng & Marek J. Druzdzel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Druzdzel, Marek J.

    . In case of stochastic sam- pling, computation is measured in terms of the number of samples -- in general in the convergence rate. While performance of sam- piing algorithms in general dependson the numerical properties the original scheme.1 Keywords:Bayesian networks, algorithms, stochastic sampling, Latin hypercube sampling

  18. Role of Pulses in Ultra Wideband Systems Jian Zhang, Thushara D. Abhayapala, Rodney A. Kennedy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abhayapala, Thushara D.

    ) and energy efficiency (flatness of power spectrum). Some researchers also start to consider other factors [2 Wireless Signal Processing Program National ICT Australia Email: Andrew.Zhang@nicta.com.au Abstract-- UWB in modern communication systems by transmitting extremely narrow pulses. With their energy spreading over

  19. Mechanical behavior of sandwich panels with hollow AlSi tubes core construction Jian Xiong a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaziri, Ashkan

    panels have been traditionally made of stochastic cores such as aluminum alloy foams [6,7] or micro. The Al­Si alloys are widely used in aerospace, marine, automotive and other engineering applications due

  20. Data-driven tight frame construction and image Jian-Feng Caia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Zuowei

    approximation. However, the structure of images varies greatly in practice and a system working well for one for image restoration assume that the underlying image has a good sparse approximation under a certain system. Such a system can be a basis, a frame, or a general over-complete dictionary. One widely used

  1. Relay node placement in large scale wireless sensor networks Jian Tang*, Bin Hao, Arunabha Sen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Jian "Neil"

    efficient design is needed for prolonging network lifetime. Computer Communications 29 (2006) 490­501 www for a fairly short period of time if operated at high transmission power levels. As a consequence, energy

  2. Proactive Speed Scheduling for Real-Time Tasks under Thermal Constraints Jian-Jia Chen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Shengquan

    ]. Most approaches assume fixed power consumption on a processor, and focus on the issue for the heat for both proposed approaches. Our data show that our proposed proactive approaches outper- form existing. Introduction With the dramatic increase of power consumption for modern processors in both server systems

  3. Dynamic Power Management with Hybrid Power Sources Jianli Zhuo Chaitali Chakrabarti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambhampati, Subbarao

    source. Al- ternative power sources such as fuel cells (FCs) have substantially different power-time systems and embedded systems General Terms: Algorithms, Design Keywords: DPM, fuel cell, hybrid power based hybrid source. We develop an optimization framework that explicitly considers the FC system

  4. Jian Tian | Center for Gas SeparationsRelevant to Clean Energy Technologies

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch > The Energy Materials Center atdiffusivities inJLFTechnologies| Blandine

  5. LI

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling CorpNewCF INDUSTRIES,L? .-I I2 m.m\ LI g. / This

  6. awareness market potential: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    appliance scheduling problemComfort-Aware Home Energy Management Under Market-Based Demand-Response Jin Xiao, Jian Li, Raouf of Waterloo, Canada email: rboutaba@cs.uwaterloo....

  7. The Potential of Cellulosic Ethanol Production from Municipal Solid Waste: A Technical and Economic Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi, Jian; Ebrik, Mirvat; Yang, Bin; Wyman, Charles E.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Waste: A Technical and Economic Evaluation" Jian Shi, Mirvatwaste: A Technical and Economic Evaluation Jian Shi, MirvatIn addition, techno- economic evaluation of large scale

  8. Protonation at the Aqueous Interface of Polymer Nanoparticles with Second Harmonic Mahamud Subir, Jian Liu, and Kenneth B. Eisenthal*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eisenthal, Kenneth B.

    Protonation at the Aqueous Interface of Polymer Nanoparticles with Second Harmonic Generation reaction of the carboxyl (-COOH) functional group fixed at the surface of polystyrene carboxylate (PSC for the PSC colloidal particles, which corresponds to a decrease in the acidity; that is, Ka is a factor of 4

  9. Calculated second-harmonic susceptibilities of BN, AlN, and GaN Jian Chen,a)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilkins, John

    and the second-harmonic susceptibility d for BN, AlN, and GaN in both zincblende and wurtzite structures within the Kohn­Sham local-density approximation. For wurtzite AlN and GaN, the computed dxxz (w) and dzzz (w) closely agree with experiment. For zincblende AlN and GaN as well as zincblende and wurtzite BN, we

  10. Distance-based Representative Skyline Yufei Tao1 Ling Ding1 Xuemin Lin2 Jian Pei3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pei, Jian

    that the problem is NP-hard, and give a 2-approximate polynomial time algorithm. Using a multidimensional access coordinate), and price (the vertical coordinate). The skyline has 8 points p1, p2, ..., p8. Skyline retrieval one offering a nice tradeoff between price and distance. S/he may not be sure about the relatively

  11. Object Searchingin Scale-Space Guang-Rong Ji, Bao-Liang Lu*, Xia Chen, & Jian Wang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Bao-Liang

    an object searching method for meso-scale eddy detection in the ocean remote sensing images. The method is determined by the analysis scale and the slope of the corner's boundary. The meso-scale eddy detection

  12. Haptic Subdivision: an Approach to Defining Level-of-detail in Haptic Rendering Jian Zhang, Shahram Payandeh and John Dill

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Payandeh and John Dill Computer Graphics and Robotics Laboratories, School of Engineering Science Simon equations. However, realistic force feedback requires deformation be computed fast and graphic feedback of nodes of the model under control so that the simulation can be run at a sufficiently high rate for force

  13. Mining Historical Issue Repositories to Heal Large-Scale Online Service Rui Ding, Qiang Fu, Jian-Guang Lou,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Tao

    ) @microsoft.com Tao Xie Department of Computer Science University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign taoxie (Mean Time to Restore) of a service remains one of the most important steps to assure the user are called to resolve the issue to pro-actively prevent the issue's potential impact to user

  14. KERNEL BASED SYNTHETIC DISCRIMINANT FUNCTION FOR OBJECT RECOGNITION Kyu-Hwa Jeong, Puskal P. Pokharel, Jian-Wu Xu, Seungju Han, Jose C. Principe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slatton, Clint

    function (SDF) is proposed. The SDF is a well known 2- D correlation filter for object recognition. The proposed non- linear version of the SDF is derived from kernel-based lear- ning. The kernel SDF the performance of the linear SDF by incorporating the image's class higher order moments. We show that this ker

  15. Wthin A Nanometer of Your Life Allen J. Menezes, Vik J. Kapoor, Vijay K. Goel, Brent D. Cameron, and Jian-yu Lu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Jian-yu

    is the creation and utilization of materials and devices at the level of atoms, molecules, and supramolecular of the art nanotechnology applications in the biomedical engineering field, such as biomechanics materials by cancer and spinal trauma are known to compromise soft tissue. A novel material has been developed for use

  16. Medical Applications of Ultra-WideBand (UWB) Jianli Pan, jp10@cse.wustl.edu (A survey paper written under guidance of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Raj

    ranging at the centimeter level 2.3 Low electromagnetic radiation 2.4 Low processing energy consumed 2 could benefit the UWB features. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) regulate that the frequency for the UWB technique is from 3.1GHz to 10.6GHz in America . However, in Europe , the frequencies include two

  17. Second Harmonic Studies of Ions Crossing Liposome Membranes in Real Time Jian Liu, Mahamud Subir, Kim Nguyen, and Kenneth B. Eisenthal*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eisenthal, Kenneth B.

    selective second harmonic generation method, were found to be markedly different. Transmembrane movement of ions is an important cellular process that plays a vital role in transforming energy and processing information in living cells. Although the nonpolar core of biological membranes is highly impermeable to most

  18. JOURNAL OF DISPLAY TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 9, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2013 87 Time-Multiplexed Dual-View Display Using a Blue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    Using a Blue Phase Liquid Crystal Jian-Peng Cui, Yan Li, Jin Yan, Hui-Chuan Cheng, and Qiong-Hua Wang Abstract--A time-multiplexed dual-view display device using a blue phase liquid crystal is proposed. In this design, a vertical field switching blue phase liquid crystal display (VFS-BPLCD) panel is used to achieve

  19. Agricultural Sciences in China 2005, 4(1): 101-105

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on the Situation of Soil Organic Carbon Storage in Croplands in Northeast of China QIU Jian-jun1, WANG Li organic carbon (SOC) storage in North east of China, identify its balance situation and changing trends for the accumulation of SOC in these regions. Key words: Northeast of China, Soil, Soil organic carbon, Simulation

  20. 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim4704 wileyonlinelibrary.com COMMUNICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , With the growing demand for low-cost solar cells that are truly scalable to the terawatts level, Earth-Circuit Voltage in Cuprous Oxide Solar Cells Yun Seog Lee, Danny Chua, Riley E. Brandt, Sin Cheng Siah, Jian V. Li an insu- lator due to the large bandgap.[17,18] For solar cell applications, undoped Ga2O3 has been used

  1. Xiudong Tang, SUNY-Stony Brook Xiudong Tang, Ph.D. candidate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zuo, Lei

    , Stony Brook, New York Research Interests: Energy Harvesting, Renewable Energy, Vibration and Control Conference 2010, New York, 2010. [8] Xiudong Tang, Min Chen, Zhu Jian Liu, Ethan Li, Vibration Energy, Mechatronics, Smart Structures Education: State University of New York at Stony Brook, Mechanical Engineering

  2. Fabrication and crushing behavior of low density carbon fiber composite pyramidal truss structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaziri, Ashkan

    Fabrication and crushing behavior of low density carbon fiber composite pyramidal truss structures Jian Xiong a , Li Ma a , Linzhi Wu a,*, Bing Wang a , Ashkan Vaziri b a Center for Composite Materials t A new method for fabricating carbon fiber composite pyramidal truss cores was developed based

  3. Oxidation state of Paleozoic subcontinental lithospheric mantle below the Pali Aike volcanic field in southernmost Patagonia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in southernmost Patagonia Jian Wang a,b, , Keiko H. Hattori a , Jianping Li a , Charles R. Stern c a Department Patagonia Accretion Slab window Peridotite xenoliths Mantle oxidation condition Mantle metasomatism Mantle xenoliths in the Quaternary Pali Aike alkaline basalts of southernmost Patagonia include lherzolites

  4. BreezChirp: Energy Efficient Wi-Fi Bandwidth Estimator for Smartphones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boutaba, Raouf

    ; two, terminal mobility requires frequent update of bandwidth measurements; three, energy efficiencyBreezChirp: Energy Efficient Wi-Fi Bandwidth Estimator for Smartphones Jian Li, Jin Xiao, Huu Nhat--Mobile data service is a rapidly growing business sector today. Available application bandwidth

  5. Identifying Rare and Subtle Behaviours: A Weakly Supervised Joint Topic Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gong, Shaogang

    . Hospedales, Jian Li, Shaogang Gong, Tao Xiang Abstract--One of the most interesting and desired capabilities as one example, even without localisation by the user and when occurring in clutter; and subsequent], but perform poorly in our case where the target class has few examples. Moreover, the manual effort required

  6. THROUGH-THE-GLASS SPECTROSCOPIC ELLIPSOMETRY OF CdTe SOLAR CELLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rockett, Angus

    THROUGH-THE-GLASS SPECTROSCOPIC ELLIPSOMETRY OF CdTe SOLAR CELLS Jie Chen 1 , Jian Li 1 , Courtney of the optical structure of CdTe solar cells on transparent conducting oxide (TCO) coated glass superstrates. SE components from the coated glass before solar cell fabrication. A step-by-step fitting procedure identifies

  7. This journal is The Royal Society of Chemistry 2014 Chem. Commun. Cite this:DOI: 10.1039/c4cc07444k

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    k Li3VO4 anchored graphene nanosheets for long-life and high-rate lithium-ion batteries Zelang Jian-life performance with a capacity retention rate of 63.1% after 5000 cycles at 5 C. Lithium-ion batteries (LIBs, and environ- mentally friendly features.1 Graphite is commonly used as an anode material in most commercial

  8. LI I

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling7111AWell:F E ,"^ I 1' . _c mUIIILGUformerLI

  9. 07Li

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) - Energy Innovation Portal AdvancedUsingLi Thermal Neutron

  10. 08Li

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) - Energy Innovation Portal AdvancedUsingLi Thermal1Thermal

  11. 5Li

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less isNFebruaryOctober 2, AlgeriaQ1 Q2 Q3 U . S . D E P ABeHHeHeLi

  12. 10Li

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less is more:culturingProtonAPRIL/MAY9Hydrate ModelingBBe(p,HeLi

  13. affect yeast growth: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    were carried out under fixed dilution rate after batch growth in YPD as described... Pir, Pinar; Gutteridge, Alex; Wu, Jian; Rash, Bharat; Kell, Douglas B; Zhang, Nianshu;...

  14. E-Print Network 3.0 - adenine nucleotide translocase Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Limnology Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology ; Biology and Medicine 7 Acrolein induces oxidative stress in brain mitochondria Jian Luo, Riyi Shi* Summary:...

  15. E-Print Network 3.0 - adenine nucleotide transporter Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Source: Ecole Polytechnique, Centre de mathmatiques Collection: Mathematics 77 Acrolein induces oxidative stress in brain mitochondria Jian Luo, Riyi Shi* Summary: of...

  16. E-Print Network 3.0 - axonal mitochondrial transport Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sciences, National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan Collection: Biology and Medicine 43 Acrolein induces oxidative stress in brain mitochondria Jian Luo, Riyi Shi* Summary: of the...

  17. E-Print Network 3.0 - affects mitochondrial function Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Arizona Collection: Biology and Medicine ; Environmental Sciences and Ecology 68 Acrolein induces oxidative stress in brain mitochondria Jian Luo, Riyi Shi* Summary: calcium...

  18. E-Print Network 3.0 - acid-induced mitochondrial permeability...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Biology, California Institute of Technology Collection: Biology and Medicine 16 Acrolein induces oxidative stress in brain mitochondria Jian Luo, Riyi Shi* Summary: calcium...

  19. E-Print Network 3.0 - antioxidant enzymes mitochondrial Sample...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Biological Sciences, University of Liverpool Collection: Biology and Medicine 51 Acrolein induces oxidative stress in brain mitochondria Jian Luo, Riyi Shi* Summary: that...

  20. E-Print Network 3.0 - atractyloside Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Columbia Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology ; Biology and Medicine 4 Acrolein induces oxidative stress in brain mitochondria Jian Luo, Riyi Shi* Summary: to...

  1. anterior rib masquerading: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Scott; Eastman, Jason; Pepper, Joshua; Ge, Jian; Fleming, Scott W; Ghezzi, Luan; Gonzalez-Hernandez, Jonay I; Cargile, Phillip; Stassun, Keivan G; Wisniewski, John; Dutra-Ferreira,...

  2. ataxia oxidative stress: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    levels (420 mgdl) was observed in 19% (n59) of mallards (Anas Green, Andy J. 73 Acrolein induces oxidative stress in brain mitochondria Jian Luo, Riyi Shi* Engineering...

  3. alleviates oxidative stress: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    levels (420 mgdl) was observed in 19% (n59) of mallards (Anas Green, Andy J. 74 Acrolein induces oxidative stress in brain mitochondria Jian Luo, Riyi Shi* Engineering...

  4. activity oxidative stress: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    levels (420 mgdl) was observed in 19% (n59) of mallards (Anas Green, Andy J. 88 Acrolein induces oxidative stress in brain mitochondria Jian Luo, Riyi Shi* Engineering...

  5. attenuates oxidative stress: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    levels (420 mgdl) was observed in 19% (n59) of mallards (Anas Green, Andy J. 73 Acrolein induces oxidative stress in brain mitochondria Jian Luo, Riyi Shi* Engineering...

  6. attenuate oxidative stress: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    levels (420 mgdl) was observed in 19% (n59) of mallards (Anas Green, Andy J. 73 Acrolein induces oxidative stress in brain mitochondria Jian Luo, Riyi Shi* Engineering...

  7. angiogenesis oxidative stress: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    levels (420 mgdl) was observed in 19% (n59) of mallards (Anas Green, Andy J. 72 Acrolein induces oxidative stress in brain mitochondria Jian Luo, Riyi Shi* Engineering...

  8. attenuating oxidative stress: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    levels (420 mgdl) was observed in 19% (n59) of mallards (Anas Green, Andy J. 73 Acrolein induces oxidative stress in brain mitochondria Jian Luo, Riyi Shi* Engineering...

  9. alter oxidative stress: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    levels (420 mgdl) was observed in 19% (n59) of mallards (Anas Green, Andy J. 87 Acrolein induces oxidative stress in brain mitochondria Jian Luo, Riyi Shi* Engineering...

  10. acute oxidative stress: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    levels (420 mgdl) was observed in 19% (n59) of mallards (Anas Green, Andy J. 83 Acrolein induces oxidative stress in brain mitochondria Jian Luo, Riyi Shi* Engineering...

  11. apoptotic oxidative stress: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    levels (420 mgdl) was observed in 19% (n59) of mallards (Anas Green, Andy J. 70 Acrolein induces oxidative stress in brain mitochondria Jian Luo, Riyi Shi* Engineering...

  12. adaptive intrusion data systems: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    approaches: known pattern Pei, Jian 4 Multisensor Data Fusion for Next Generation Distributed Intrusion Detection Systems CiteSeer Summary: Next generation cyberspace intrusion...

  13. atomic photoabsorption process: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    individual sites within atom-trap arrays. Cecilia Muldoon; Lukas Brandt; Jian Dong; Dustin Stuart; Edouard Brainis; Matthew Himsworth; Axel Kuhn 2012-03-21 306 Atomic...

  14. atomic transition arrays: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    individual sites within atom-trap arrays. Cecilia Muldoon; Lukas Brandt; Jian Dong; Dustin Stuart; Edouard Brainis; Matthew Himsworth; Axel Kuhn 2012-03-21 412 Interstellar...

  15. alternative global climate: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Information Sciences Websites Summary: A Statistical Analysis of Global Inter-Annual Climate Anomalies in Monthly Sea Surface Temperature Records. Jian Huang and Finbarr...

  16. acid-based crosslinked composite: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the biodegradable elastomer poly(1 Yang, Jian 2 Microwave Absorption of Single-Walled Carbon NanotubesSoluble Cross-Linked Polyurethane Composites Materials Science Websites...

  17. advancing fundamental physics: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of gravity and ... Braxmaier, Claus; Foulon, Bernard; Gkl, Ertan; Grimani, Catia; Guo, Jian; Herrmann, Sven; Lmmerzahl, Claus; Ni, Wei-Tou; Peters, Achim; Rievers,...

  18. Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Jian Jin Project Co-Leader: Chengxiang Xiang Investigators: David Dornfeld, Michael Hoffmann, Co-Investigators: Costas Grigoropoulos, Phil Marcus, John Newman, Omer Savas, Tarek...

  19. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    companies are also working on developing larger commercial solarCompany. Yuan, Xueliang, Jian Zuo and Chunyuan Ma, 2011, “Social acceptance of solar

  20. acrolein-induced cell injury: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Acrolein induces oxidative stress in brain mitochondria Jian Luo, Riyi Shi* Engineering Websites Summary: Acrolein induces...

  1. An novel ADM for finding Cournot equilibria of bargaining problem ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Acknowledgement: We are grateful to Professor He Bingsheng and Professor Yu Jian, for their enlightening of the idea of this paper, and much useful advices to ...

  2. angewandten industrial engineering: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    subset of the first Yang, Jian 317 Department of Mechanical Engineering Spring 2013 Lumax Lighting 2: LED Industrial High Bay Light Fixture Materials Science Websites Summary: was...

  3. Optimization Online - Nonlinear Optimization Submissions - 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    January 2014. Constrained Nonlinear Optimization New active set identification for general constrained optimization and minimax problems. Jin-bao Jian, Yi Liu.

  4. Curriculum Vitae Alison Ling, E.I.T.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pace, Norman

    Application of novel electrode material and reactor configuration of microbial fuel cells (MFCs). PI: Jiane ecology for the optimization of engineering processes through microbial community characterization

  5. LI Co-Facilitator Position Information & Application Leadership Institute (LI)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    1 LI Co-Facilitator Position Information & Application Leadership Institute (LI) Office for Equity for the Co-Facilitator Position in the Leadership Institute. What follows is an overview of LI, a description of LI Co-Facilitator role, and the application. What is the Leadership Institute (LI)? The LI

  6. FUTURE POWER GRID INITIATIVE Scalable Sensor Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Focus Area Leads: Bora Akyol (bora@pnnl. gov) and Harold Kirkham (harold. kirkham@pnnl.gov) November 2012 PNNL-SA-90010 Jian Yin Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (509) 371-6398 jian.yin@pnnl on the Electricity Infrastructure Operations Center (EIOC), the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's (PNNL

  7. Granularity Adaptive Density Estimation and on Demand Clustering of Concept-Drifting Data Streams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pei, Jian

    of China (60573097) , Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province (05200302, 04300462), Research Foun Weiheng Zhu1 , Jian Pei2 , Jian Yin1 , and Yihuang Xie1 1 Zhongshan University, China gz zwh@263.net, the humidity, and the concentrations of oxygen and gas. Each sensor keeps reporting the observed data, and thus

  8. Synchronization of Turbo Codes Based on Online Statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valenti, Matthew C.

    Synchronization of Turbo Codes Based on Online Statistics Jian Sun and Matthew C. Valenti Wireless 26506-6109 email: [jian,mvalenti]@csee.wvu.edu, phone: 304-293-0405, fax: 304-293-8602 Abstract-- Turbo. Since turbo codes are intended to be deployed in environments with very low SNR, conventional

  9. 3rd AusCTW, Canberra, Australia, Feb. 45, 2002 Analytical Description of Signal Characteristics and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abhayapala, Thushara D.

    and Interference For Time Hopped UWB System Jian Zhang, Rodney A. Kennedy, Thushara D. Abhayapala1 Department University, Canberra ACT 0200, Australia e-mail: {jian.zhang,rodney, is developed and tested. I. Introduction With the definition of relative bandwidth, = 2(fH - fL)/(fH + f

  10. Neutron spectroscopic factors of 7Li and astrophysical 6Li(n,g)7Li reaction rates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jun Su; Zhihong Li; Bing Guo; Xixiang Bai; Zhichang Li; Jiancheng Liu; Youbao Wang; Gang Lian; Sheng Zeng; Baoxiang Wang; Shengquan Yan; Yunju Li; Ertao Li; Qiwen Fan; Weiping Liu

    2010-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Angular distributions of the 7Li(6Li,6Li)7Li elastic scattering and the 7Li(6Li,7Li_{g.s.})6Li, 7Li(6Li,7Li*_{0.48})6Li transfer reactions at Ec.m. = 23.7 MeV were measured with the Q3D magnetic spectrograph. The optical potential of 6Li+7Li was obtained by fitting the elastic scattering differential cross sections. Based on the distorted wave Born approximation (DWBA) analysis, spectroscopic factors of 7Li=6Li+n were determined to be 0.73 +- 0.05 and 0.90 +- 0.09 for the ground and first exited states in 7Li, respectively. Using the spectroscopic factors, the cross sections of the 6Li(n,g)7Li direct neutron capture reactions and the astrophysical 6Li(n,g)7Li reaction rates were derived.

  11. 10Li General Tables

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less is more:culturingProtonAPRIL/MAY9Hydrate ModelingBBe(p,HeLiLi

  12. A New Vision for High-Capacity Hybrid Li-ion/Li-O2 Batteries

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Introduces A New Vision for High-Capacity Hybrid Li-ionLi-O2 Batteries Diagram illustrating the CEES all-in-one vision for a high-capacity Li-ionLi-O2 cell. Illustration of CEES'...

  13. China's china : Jingdezhen porcelain and the production of art in the Nineteenth Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Ellen

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Worked in Traditional China. New York: Columbia University1935. Chen Jian. Mao’s China and the Cold War. Chapel Hill,Trans. , John C. Ferguson. China Journal 11 (5) 1929: 218-

  14. High-Efficiency and Stable White Organic Light-Emitting Diode...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Efficiency and Stable White Organic Light-Emitting Diode Using a Single Emitter High-Efficiency and Stable White Organic Light-Emitting Diode Using a Single Emitter Presenter: Jian...

  15. Trip Report: March 14-18, 2011 1. Objectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Assunção Silva Dias (USP), Beat Schmid (DOE PNNL AAF), Gilberto Fisch (CTA), Jian Wang (DOE BNL), Kim. Courtesy visit to USA embassy by Beat Schmid (DOE PNNL AAF), Kim Nitschke (DOE LANL ACRF), and Scot Martin

  16. analog induces oxidative: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of the two N-terminal CXXC motifs. The zinc center of Trx2 Bardwell, James 40 Acrolein induces oxidative stress in brain mitochondria Jian Luo, Riyi Shi* Engineering...

  17. ascaris suum mitochondria: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the first loss-of-function model in which an alteration in Ca2+ han Latham, Peter 39 Acrolein induces oxidative stress in brain mitochondria Jian Luo, Riyi Shi* Engineering...

  18. apoptosis oxidative stress: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 81 Acrolein induces oxidative stress in brain mitochondria Jian Luo, Riyi Shi* Engineering...

  19. Oct 13-172011Beijing, China International Symposium on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Netherlands) Seth R. Marder (USA) Nazario Martín (Spain) Yung Woo Park (Korea) Jian Pei (China) Jingui Qin photovoltaic and photo-detective materials and devices, organic light-emitting materials for display

  20. altered glomerular barrier: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Schoofs, Frank; Fix, Thomas; Vickers, Mary E; Zhang, Wenrui; Jian, Jie; Wang, Haiyan; Blamire, Mark G 2014-04-17 284 Neutron pair transfer in sub-barrier capture process Nuclear...

  1. Synthesis, Structure and Dehydrogenation of Magnesium Amidoborane...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Research and located at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Citation: Chua YS, G Wu, Z Xiong, AJ Karkamkar, J Guo, M Jian, MW Wong, T Autrey, and P Chen.2010."Synthesis,...

  2. aa genome oryza: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    , Jian Wang1,2* , Gane Ka-Shu Wong1,2,11* , Huanming Yang1,2* 1 Beijing Institute of Genomics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing Genomics Institute, Beijing Proteomics...

  3. anomalous mole fraction: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    distribution and study the relation between our solutions and those obtained within the maximum entropy principle by using the Tsallis entropy. Long-Jin Lv; Jian-Bin Xiao; Fu-Yao...

  4. anomalous equilibrium fractionation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    distribution and study the relation between our solutions and those obtained within the maximum entropy principle by using the Tsallis entropy. Long-Jin Lv; Jian-Bin Xiao; Fu-Yao...

  5. atmospheric diffusion equation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    distribution and study the relation between our solutions and those obtained within the maximum entropy principle by using the Tsallis entropy. Long-Jin Lv; Jian-Bin Xiao; Fu-Yao...

  6. Li4SiO4-Li3PO4 system as protective layer in Li-metal batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Liying

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    protective layer in Li-metal batteries Liying Zhang 1 , LeiThe application of Li-metal batteries is plagued with issues

  7. Nanoscale LiFePO4 and Li4Ti5O12 for High Rate Li-ion Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaiswal, A.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    12 for High Rate Li-ion Batteries A. Jaiswal 1 , C. R. Hornenext generation of Li-ion batteries for consumer electronics

  8. 6Li General Tables

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less isNFebruaryOctober 2, AlgeriaQ1 Q2 Q3 U . S . D E 25Heα, X)Li

  9. 6Li.PDF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less isNFebruaryOctober 2, AlgeriaQ1 Q2 Q3 U . S . D E 25Heα, X)Li

  10. 8Li General Tables

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less isNFebruaryOctober 2, AlgeriaQ1 Q2 Q3 U . SHe GeneralLi

  11. 8Li.PDF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less isNFebruaryOctober 2, AlgeriaQ1 Q2 Q3 U . SHe GeneralLi

  12. 9Li General Tables

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less isNFebruaryOctober 2, AlgeriaQ1 Q2 Q3 U . SHeBBeLi General

  13. 9Li.PDF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less isNFebruaryOctober 2, AlgeriaQ1 Q2 Q3 U . SHeBBeLi General

  14. C LI CI

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling Corp -KWatertown Arsenal'.I Y.itBurrisIllLI CI -

  15. Recovery of Li from alloys of Al- Li and Li- Al using engineered scavenger compounds

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Riley, W. D. (Albany, OR); Jong, B. W. (Corvallis, OR); Collins, W. K. (Albany, OR); Gerdemann, S. J. (Albany, OR)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of producing lithium of high purity from lithium aluminum alloys using an engineered scavenger compound, comprising: I) preparing an engineered scavenger compound by: a) mixing and heating compounds of TiO2 and Li2CO3 at a temperature sufficient to dry the compounds and convert Li.sub.2 CO.sub.3 to Li.sub.2 O; and b) mixing and heating the compounds at a temperature sufficient to produce a scavenger Li.sub.2 O.3TiO.sub.2 compound; II) loading the scavenger into one of two electrode baskets in a three electrode cell reactor and placing an Al-Li alloy in a second electrode basket of the three electrode cell reactor; III) heating the cell to a temperature sufficient to enable a mixture of KCl-LiCl contained in a crucible in the cell to reach its melting point and become a molten bath; IV) immersing the baskets in the bath until an electrical connection is made between the baskets to charge the scavenger compound with Li until there is an initial current and voltage followed by a fall off ending current and voltage; and V) making a connection between the basket electrode containing engineered scavenger compound and a steel rod electrode disposed between the basket electrodes and applying a current to cause Li to leave the scavenger compound and become electrodeposited on the steel rod electrode.

  16. The Many Sides of Happy Lim: aka Hom Ah Wing, Lin Jian Fu, Happy Lum, Lin Chien Fu, Hom Yen Chuck, Lam Kin Foo, Lum Kin Foo, Hom, Lim Goon Wing, Lim Gin Foo, Gin Foo Lin, Koon Wing Lim, Henry Chin, Lim Ying Chuck, Lim Ah Wing, et. al.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Gordon H.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    unpublished manuscript, Nov. 2, Report, SF FBI, August 1955.Report, SF FBI, February 8, 1951. Lai, “To Bring Forth a NewFrancisco to Director, FBI, October 6, 1950 and Memorandum,

  17. Anion Coordination Interactions in Solvates with the Lithium Salts LiDCTA and LiTDI

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McOwen, Dennis W.; Delp, Samuel A.; Paillard, Elie; Herriot, Cristelle; Han, Sang D.; Boyle, Paul D.; Sommer, Roger D.; Henderson, Wesley A.

    2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Lithium 4,5-dicyano-1,2,3-triazolate (LiDCTA) and lithium 2-trifluoromethyl-4,5-dicyanoimidazole (LiTDI) are two salts proposed for lithium battery electrolyte applications, but little is known about the manner in which the DCTA- and TDI- anions coordinate Li+ cations. To explore this in-depth, crystal structures are reported here for two solvates with LiDCTA: (G2)1:LiDCTA and (G1)1:LiDCTA with diglyme and monoglyme, respectively, and seven solvates with LiTDI: (G1)2:LiTDI, (G2)2:LiTDI, (G3)1:LiTDI, (THF)1:LiTDI, (EC)1:LiTDI, (PC)1:LiTDI and (DMC)1/2:LiTDI with monoglyme, diglyme, triglyme, tetrahydrofuran, ethylene carbonate, propylene carbonate and dimethyl carbonate, respectively. These latter solvate structures are compared with the previously reported acetonitrile (AN)2:LiTDI structure. The solvates indicate that the LiTDI salt is much less associated than the LiDCTA salt and that the ions in LiTDI, when aggregated in solvates, have a very similar TDI-...Li+ cation mode of coordination through both the anion ring and cyano nitrogen atoms. Such coordination facilitates the formation of polymeric ion aggregates, instead of dimers. Insight into such ion speciation is instrumental for understanding the electrolyte properties of aprotic solvent mixtures with these salts.

  18. Making Li-air batteries rechargeable: material challenges. |...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Li-air batteries rechargeable: material challenges. Making Li-air batteries rechargeable: material challenges. Abstract: A Li-air battery could potentially provide three to five...

  19. Mixed Salts of LiTFSI and LiBOB for Stable LiFePO4-Based Batteries...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in LiTFSI-based electrolytes effectively prevents the severe corrosion to Al current collectors that often is observed in LiTFSI-based electrolytes, which have high thermal...

  20. Olivine LiCoPO4 phase grown LiCoO2 cathode material for high density Li batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Jaephil

    Olivine LiCoPO4 phase grown LiCoO2 cathode material for high density Li batteries Hyunjung Lee an increase in the cut-off voltage of the cell from 4.2 V to 4.4 V (vs. graphite). As an alterna- tive, we can

  1. Li Tec | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKoreaLaorLeopold Kostal GmbHLi County JiaxingLiLi

  2. Capacity Fade Studies of LiCoO2 Based Li-ion Cells Cycled at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Popov, Branko N.

    in capacity of commercially available Sony 18650 Cells cycled at different temperatures. Perform rate of a Sony 18650 Li-ion cell Cathode (positive electrode) - LiCoO2. Anode (negative electrode) - MCMB. Cell capacity ­ 1.8 Ah #12;Characteristics of a Sony 18650 Li-ion cell Characteristics Positive LiCoO2 Negative

  3. Interactions and dynamics in Li+Li2 ultracold collisions Marko T. Cvitas,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Honvault, Pascal

    Interactions and dynamics in Li+Li2 ultracold collisions Marko T. Cvitas,a Pavel Soldán electronic state 4 A of lithium trimer is developed and used to study spin-polarized Li+Li2 collisions There is great interest in the properties of molecules formed in laser-cooled atomic gases by processes

  4. Facile synthesis of Li2Spolypyrrole composite structures for high-performance Li2S cathodes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Yi

    Facile synthesis of Li2S­polypyrrole composite structures for high-performance Li2S cathodes Zhi demon- strate facile, in situ synthesis of Li2S­polypyrrole composites for use as high-performance Li2S polysulfides during cycling. Poly- pyrrole, being a conducting polymer, also helps to facilitate elec- tronic

  5. Rechargeable Li/CO2O2 (2 : 1) battery and Li/CO2 Yali Liu, Rui Wang, Yingchun Lyu, Hong Li* and Liquan Chen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Wei Hua

    Rechargeable Li/CO2­O2 (2 : 1) battery and Li/CO2 battery Yali Liu, Rui Wang, Yingchun Lyu, Hong Li* and Liquan Chen A Li/CO2­O2 (2 : 1, volume ratio) battery and a Li/CO2 battery with discharging specific capacities of 1808 mA h gÀ1 and 1032 mA h gÀ1 , respectively, are reported. Li2CO3 is the main discharge

  6. THE {sup 7}Li/{sup 6}Li ISOTOPE RATIO NEAR THE SUPERNOVA REMNANT IC 443

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taylor, C. J.; Ritchey, A. M.; Federman, S. R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606 (United States); Lambert, D. L., E-mail: corbin.taylor@rockets.utoledo.edu, E-mail: steven.federman@utoledo.edu, E-mail: aritchey@astro.washington.edu, E-mail: dll@astro.as.utexas.edu [W. J. McDonald Observatory, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712 (United States)

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an analysis of {sup 7}Li/{sup 6}Li isotope ratios along four sight lines that probe diffuse molecular gas near the supernova remnant IC 443. Recent gamma-ray observations have revealed the presence of shock-accelerated cosmic rays interacting with the molecular cloud surrounding the remnant. Our results indicate that the {sup 7}Li/{sup 6}Li ratio is lower in regions more strongly affected by these interactions, a sign of recent Li production by cosmic rays. We find that {sup 7}Li/{sup 6}Li Almost-Equal-To 7 toward HD 254755, which is located just outside the visible edge of IC 443, while {sup 7}Li/{sup 6}Li Almost-Equal-To 3 along the line of sight to HD 43582, which probes the interior region of the supernova remnant. No evidence of {sup 7}Li synthesis by neutrino-induced spallation is found in material presumably contaminated by the ejecta of a core-collapse supernova. The lack of a neutrino signature in the {sup 7}Li/{sup 6}Li ratios near IC 443 is consistent with recent models of Galactic chemical evolution, which suggest that the {nu}-process plays only a minor role in Li production.

  7. Thermal Stability of LiPF6 Salt and Li-ion Battery ElectrolytesContaining LiPF6

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Hui; Zhuang, Guorong V.; Ross Jr., Philip N.

    2006-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The thermal stability of the neat LiPF6 salt and of 1 molal solutions of LiPF6 in prototypical Li-ion battery solvents was studied with thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and on-line FTIR. Pure LiPF6 salt is thermally stable up to 380 K in a dry inert atmosphere, and its decomposition path is a simple dissociation producing LiF as solid and PF5 as gaseous products. In the presence of water (300 ppm) in the carrier gas, its decomposition onset temperature is lowered as a result of direct thermal reaction between LiPF6 and water vapor to form POF3 and HF. No new products were observed in 1 molal solutions of LiPF6 in EC, DMC and EMC by on-line TGA-FTIR analysis. The storage of the same solutions in sealed containers at 358 K for 300 420 hrs. did not produce any significant quantity of new products as well. In particular, noalkylflurophosphates were found in the solutions after storage at elevated temperature. In the absence of either an impurity like alcohol or cathode active material that may (or may not) act as a catalyst, there is no evidence of thermally induced reaction between LiPF6 and the prototypical Li-ion battery solvents EC, PC, DMC or EMC.

  8. Controlled Nucleation and Growth Process of Li2S2/Li2S in Lithium...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Growth Process of Li2S2Li2S in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries. Abstract: Lithium-sulfur battery is a promising next-generation energy storage system because of its potentially...

  9. Low Temperature Milling of the LiNH2 + LiH Hydrogen Storage System...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hu, JH Kwak, and Z Yang.2009."Low Temperature Milling of the LiNH2 + LiH Hydrogen Storage System."International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 34(10):4331-4339. doi:10.1016...

  10. Coulomb dissociation of [sup 11]Li

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ieki, K.; Sackett, D.; Galonsky, A.; Bertulani, C.A.; Kruse, J.J.; Lynch, W.G.; Morrissey, D.J.; Orr, N.A.; Schulz, H.; Sherrill, B.M.; Sustich, A.; Winger, J.A. (National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory and Department of Physics, Michigan State Unversity, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States)); Deak, F.; Horvath, A.; Kiss, A. (Department of Atomic Physics, Eoetvoes University, Puskin utca 5-7 H-1088 Budapest 8 (Hungary)); Seres, Z. (KFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-1525 Budapest 114 (Hungary)); Kolata, J.J. (Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States)); Warner, R.E. (Department of Physics, Oberlin College, Oberlin, Ohio 44074 (United States)); Humphrey, D.L. (Department of Physics, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, Kentucky 42101 (United States))

    1993-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Kinematically complete measurements for Coulomb dissociation of [sup 11]Li into [sup 9]Li+2[ital n] were made at 28 MeV/nucleon. The [ital n]-[ital n] correlation function suggests a large source size for the two-neutron emission. The electromagnetic excitation spectrum of [sup 11]Li has a peak, as anticipated in low-energy dipole resonance models, but a large post-breakup Coulomb acceleration of the [sup 9]Li fragment is observed, indicating a very short lifetime of the excited state and favoring direct breakup as the dissociation mechanism.

  11. A Simplified Electrochemical and Thermal Aging Model of LiFePO4-Graphite Li-ion Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 A Simplified Electrochemical and Thermal Aging Model of LiFePO4-Graphite Li-ion Batteries: Power of a commercial LiFePO4-graphite Li-ion battery. Compared to the isothermal reference, the mechanism of porosity;2 Due to their high power and energy densities, Li-ion technologies are the leading battery systems

  12. 08LI_1~1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) - Energy Innovation Portal AdvancedUsingLi Thermal1

  13. 09LI_1~1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) - Energy Innovation Portal AdvancedUsingLi6,6,0 Dear093, 2009

  14. Electrochemistry of LiCl-Li2O-H2O Molten Salt Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Natalie J. Gese; Batric Pesic

    2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Uranium can be recovered from uranium oxide (UO2) spent fuel through the combination of the oxide reduction and electrorefining processes. During oxide reduction, the spent fuel is introduced to molten LiCl-Li2O salt at 650 degrees C and the UO2 is reduced to uranium metal via two routes: (1) electrochemically, and (2) chemically by lithium metal (Li0) that is produced electrochemically. However, the hygroscopic nature of both LiCl and Li2O leads to the formation of LiOH, contributing hydroxyl anions (OH-), the reduction of which interferes with the Li0 generation required for the chemical reduction of UO2. In order for the oxide reduction process to be an effective method for the treatment of uranium oxide fuel, the role of moisture in the LiCl-Li2O system must be understood. The behavior of moisture in the LiCl-Li2O molten salt system was studied using cyclic voltammetry, chronopotentiometry and chronoamperometry, while reduction to hydrogen was confirmed with gas chromatography.

  15. Characterization of Li-ion Batteries using Neutron Diffraction...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Li-ion Batteries using Neutron Diffraction and Infrared Imaging Techniques Characterization of Li-ion Batteries using Neutron Diffraction and Infrared Imaging Techniques 2011 DOE...

  16. Characterization of Materials for Li-ion Batteries: Success Stories...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Materials for Li-ion Batteries: Success Stories from the High Temperature Materials Laboratory (HTML) User Program Characterization of Materials for Li-ion Batteries: Success...

  17. DFT+U Study of Polaronic Conduction in Li2O2 and Li2CO3: Implications for Li-Air Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thygesen, Kristian

    DFT+U Study of Polaronic Conduction in Li2O2 and Li2CO3: Implications for Li-Air Batteries J. M-air batteries are known to be Li2O2 and residual Li2CO3. Recent experiments indicate that the charge transport through these materials is the main limiting factor for the battery performance. It has been also shown

  18. Active control of the resistive wall mode with power saturation Li Li, Yue Liu, and Yueqiang Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Active control of the resistive wall mode with power saturation Li Li, Yue Liu, and Yueqiang Liu://pop.aip.org/about/rights_and_permissions #12;Active control of the resistive wall mode with power saturation Li Li,1,a) Yue Liu,1 and Yueqiang, 116024, People's Republic of China 2 Euratom/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon OX

  19. Enhanced Li+ ion transport in LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 through Control...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Li+ ion transport in LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 through Control of Site Disorder. Enhanced Li+ ion transport in LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 through Control of Site Disorder. Abstract: High voltage spinel...

  20. Ultrathin Spinel LiMn2O4 Nanowires as High Power Cathode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Yi

    Ultrathin Spinel LiMn2O4 Nanowires as High Power Cathode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries Hyun diameters less than 10 nm and lengths of several micrometers. Galvanostatic battery testing showed that Li, lithium ion battery, LiMn2O4 nanowires, high power density, Jahn-Teller distortion T he high energy

  1. Asymptotic normalization coefficients for B-8 -> Be-7+p from a study of Li-8 -> Li-7+n 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trache, L.; Azhari, A.; Carstoiu, F.; Clark, HL; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Lui, YW; Mukhamedzhanov, AM; Tang, X.; Timofeyuk, N.; Tribble, Robert E.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Asymptotic normalization coefficients (ANCs) for Li-8-->Li-7+n have been extracted from the neutron transfer reaction C-13(Li-7,Li-8)C-12 at 63 MeV. These are related to the ANCs in B-8-->Be-7 + p using charge symmetry. ...

  2. Simplified Electrochemical and Thermal Model of LiFePO4-Graphite Li-Ion Batteries for Fast Charge Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Simplified Electrochemical and Thermal Model of LiFePO4- Graphite Li-Ion Batteries for Fast Charge, a simplified electrochemical and thermal model of LiFePO4-graphite based Li-ion batteries is developed for battery management system (BMS) applications and comprehensive aging investigations. Based on a modified

  3. Comment on Li pellet Conditioning in TFTR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    R.V. Budny

    2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Li pellet conditioning in TFTR results in a reduction of the edge electron density which allows increased neutral beam penetration, central heating, and fueling. Consequently the temperature profiles became more peaked with higher central Ti, Te, and neutron emission rates.

  4. Negative Electrodes for Li-Ion Batteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kinoshita, Kim; Zaghib, Karim

    2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphitized carbons have played a key role in the successful commercialization of Li-ion batteries. The physicochemical properties of carbon cover a wide range; therefore identifying the optimum active electrode material can be time consuming. The significant physical properties of negative electrodes for Li-ion batteries are summarized, and the relationship of these properties to their electrochemical performance in nonaqueous electrolytes, are discussed in this paper.

  5. Ambient Operation of Li/Air Batteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Jiguang; Wang, Deyu; Xu, Wu; Xiao, Jie; Williford, Ralph E.

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, Li/air batteries based on nonaqueous electrolytes were investigated in ambient conditions (with an oxygen partial pressure of 0.21 atm and relative humidity of ~20%). A heat-sealable polymer membrane was used as both an oxygen-diffusion membrane and as a moisture barrier for Li/air batteries. The membrane also can minimize the evaporation of the electrolyte from the batteries. Li/air batteries with this membrane can operate in ambient conditions for more than one month with a specific energy of 362 Wh kg-1, based on the total weight of the battery including its packaging. Among various carbon sources used in this work, Li/air batteries using Ketjenblack (KB) carbon-based air electrodes exhibited the highest specific energy. However, KB-based air electrodes expanded significantly and absorbed much more electrolyte than electrodes made from other carbon sources. The weight distribution of a typical Li/air battery using the KB-based air electrode was dominated by the electrolyte (~70%). Lithium-metal anodes and KB-carbon anodes account for only 5.12% and 5.78% of the battery weight, respectively. We also found that only ~ 20% of the mesopore volume of the air electrode was occupied by reaction products after discharge. To further improve the specific energy of the Li/air batteries, the microstructure of the carbon electrode needs to be further improved to absorb much less electrolyte while still holding significant amounts of reaction products

  6. Li-Ion Battery with LiFePO4 Cathode and Li4Ti5O12 Anode for Stationary Energy Storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Wei; Choi, Daiwon; Yang, Zhenguo

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    i-ion batteries based on commercially available LiFePO4 cathode and Li4Ti5O12 anode were investigated for potential stationary energy storage applications. The full cell that operated at flat 1.85V demonstrated stable cycling for 200 cycles followed by a rapid fade. A significant improvement in cycling stability was achieved via Ketjen black coating of the cathode. A Li-ion full cell with Ketjen black modified LiFePO4 cathode and an unmodified Li4Ti5O12 anode exhibited negligible fade after more than 1200 cycles with a capacity of ~130mAh/g. The improved stability, along with its cost-effectiveness, environmentally benignity and safety, make the LiFePO4/ Li4Ti5O12 Li-ion battery a promising option of storing renewable energy.

  7. Excitation functions of {sup 6,7}Li+{sup 7}Li reactions at low energies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prepolec, L.; Soic, N.; Blagus, S.; Miljanic, D.; Siketic, Z.; Skukan, N.; Uroic, M. [Ruder Boskovic Institute, Bijenicka c. 54, HR-10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Milin, M. [Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, Bijenicka c. 32, HR-10000 Zagreb (Croatia)

    2009-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Differential cross sections of {sup 6,7}Li+{sup 7}Li nuclear reactions have been measured at forward angles (10 deg. and 20 deg.), using particle identification detector telescopes, over the energy range 2.75-10.00 MeV. Excitation functions have been obtained for low-lying residual-nucleus states. The well pronounced peak in the excitation function of {sup 7}Li({sup 7}Li,{sup 4}He){sup 10}Be(3.37 MeV,2{sup +}) at beam energy about 8 MeV, first observed by Wyborny and Carlson in 1971 at 0 deg., has been observed at 10 deg., but is less evident at 20 deg. The cross section obtained for the {sup 7}Li({sup 7}Li,{sup 4}He){sup 10}Be(g.s,0{sup +}) reaction is about ten times smaller. The well pronounced peak in the excitation function of {sup 7}Li({sup 7}Li,{sup 4}He){sup 10}Be(3.37 MeV,2{sup +}) reaction could correspond to excited states in {sup 14}C, at excitation energies around 30 MeV.

  8. Tracking Cardinality Distributions in Network Aiyou Chen, Li Li and Jin Cao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Li Erran

    Tracking Cardinality Distributions in Network Traffic Aiyou Chen, Li Li and Jin Cao Bell Labs distributions of distinct communicating peers or flows. For example, during the worm outbreak, the port scanning in the host distributions of distinct communicating peers or flows. In this paper, we develop an efficient

  9. REGULAR ARTICLE Variational grand-canonical electronic structure of Li+Li

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baer, Roi

    , is applied to the di-lithium (Li?Li) system at temperatures around T & 104 K and electronic chemical the other is ``spin polarized''. This crossing causes near-dis- continuous jumps in calculated properties in strong laser interaction with matter, nuclear and shock- wave physics, astrophysics, and liquid metals [1

  10. Minimum-Energy Topology Control Algorithms in Ad Hoc Joseph Y. Halpern Li (Erran) Li

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halpern, Joseph Y.

    for an extended period of time. In order to accomplish this without a renewable energy source, energy conservationMinimum-Energy Topology Control Algorithms in Ad Hoc Networks1 Joseph Y. Halpern Li (Erran) Li Dept Holmdel, NJ 07733 halpern@cs.cornell.edu erranlli@dnrc.bell-labs.com August 7, 2004 1 Based on "Minimum-Energy

  11. Rate-dependent morphology of Li2O2 growth in Li-O2 batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horstmann, B; Mitchell, R; Bessler, W G; Shao-Horn, Y; Bazant, M Z

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Compact solid discharge products enable energy storage devices with high gravimetric and volumetric energy densities, but solid deposits on active surfaces can disturb charge transport and induce mechanical stress. In this Letter we develop a nanoscale continuum model for the growth of Li2O2 crystals in lithium-oxygen batteries with organic electrolytes, based on a theory of electrochemical non-equilibrium thermodynamics originally applied to Li-ion batteries. As in the case of lithium insertion in phase-separating LiFePO4 nanoparticles, the theory predicts a transition from complex to uniform morphologies of Li2O2 with increasing current. Discrete particle growth at low discharge rates becomes suppressed at high rates, resulting in a film of electronically insulating Li2O2 that limits cell performance. We predict that the transition between these surface growth modes occurs at current densities close to the exchange current density of the cathode reaction, consistent with experimental observations.

  12. First-principles investigation of Li intercalation kinetics in phospho-olivines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malik, Rahul

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis focuses broadly on characterizing and understanding the Li intercalation mechanism in phospho-olivines, namely LiFePO? and Li(Fe,Mn)PO?, using first-principles calculations. Currently Li-ion battery technology ...

  13. A=8Li (59AJ76)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032)8Li (59AJ76) (See the Energy Level Diagram for 8Li) GENERAL: See also

  14. A=8Li (66LA04)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032)8Li (59AJ76) (See the Energy Level Diagram for 8Li) GENERAL: See also

  15. A=8Li (74AJ01)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032)8Li (59AJ76) (See the Energy Level Diagram for 8Li) GENERAL: See

  16. Protection of Li Anodes Using Dual Phase Electrolytes

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the laboratory scale Li-S cells. Partners BASF SE, Germany * Development of Li-S battery materials 3 Project Objectives * Develop a unique electrolyte providing two liquid phases...

  17. Hydrogen storage in LiH: A first principle study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Banger, Suman, E-mail: sumanphy28@gmail.com; Nayak, Vikas, E-mail: sumanphy28@gmail.com; Verma, U. P., E-mail: sumanphy28@gmail.com [School of Studies in Physics, Jiwaji University, Gwalior-474011 (India)

    2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    First principles calculations have been performed on the Lithium hydride (LiH) using the full potential linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method within the framework of density functional theory. We have extended our calculations for LiH+2H and LiH+6H in NaCl structure. The structural stability of three compounds have been studied. It is found that LiH with 6 added Hydrogen atoms is most stable. The obtained results for LiH are in good agreement with reported experimental data. Electronic structures of three compounds are also studied. Out of three the energy band gap in LiH is ?3.0 eV and LiH+2H and LiH+6H are metallic.

  18. Development of Li+ alumino-silicate ion source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, P.K.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Development of a Li + alumino-silicate ion source ? P. K.kinetic energy. Alumino-silicates sources of K + and Cs +and sintering the Li alumino- silicate to the substrate to

  19. Lithium Source For High Performance Li-ion Cells

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Designs: For Cell (Li5FeO4+LiV3O8) vs. Carbon Anode (with 5% Irreversible Loss) Composite Cathode Materials Potential to achieve higher energy density (Whkg and WhL) at...

  20. Improved Positive Electrode Materials for Li-ion Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conry, Thomas Edward

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    commercial Li-ion batteries today use graphite or a mixturein certain primary batteries). Graphite has a potential of

  1. The prospects for highbeta tokamaks with Li walls 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zakharov, Leonid E.

    . Why Li walls ? 2. Magnetic propulsion of liquid Li. 3. Plasma profiles in the non­recycling regime. 4 can be magnetically propulsed along the plasma facing surfaces in the tokamak chamber. This allows the stabilizing wall right at the plasma boundary. 2. Intense (V ' 20 m=sec) magnetic propulsion allows to keep Li

  2. Current collectors for rechargeable Li-Air batteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veith, Gabriel M [ORNL; Dudney, Nancy J [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Here we report the negative influence of porous nickel foam for use as current collectors in rechargeable Li-air batteries. Uncoated nickel foam promotes the decomposition of LiPF6-organic carbonate electrolytes under normal charging conditions reported for rechargeable Li-air cells. We have identified Ni free porous carbon supports as more appropriate cathode current collectors.

  3. Corrosion of lithium in LiCl-LiOH-H/sub 2/O-system solutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Demidov, A.I.; Kungurtsev, O.A.; Morachevskii, A.G.

    1988-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    This communication presents the results of an investigation of the corrosion of lithium in solutions of the system LiCl-LiOH-H/sub 2/O at 298 K. The reaction rate of lithium with the electrolyte was calculated on the basis of volumetric measurements. The investigation was carried out in a standard electrochemical cell furnished with a branch pipe for the collection of hydrogen. The results demonstrated that in the absence of polarization the lithium corrosion rate decreased as the concentration of lithium chloride in the electrolyte increased, and also that at lower concentrations of LiOH, additions of LiCl exerted a stronger influence on the corrosion rate of the metal.

  4. A Critical Review of the Li Insertion Mechanisms in LiFePO[subscript 4] Electrodes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malik, Rahul

    With the ever-growing public and now commercial sentiment supporting the widespread adoption of low and zero-emission vehicles, it is unsurprising that Li-ion batteries which currently assume the bulk of the cost of ...

  5. Dingzeyu Li LE Schapiro (CEPSR), Columbia University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grinspun, Eitan

    Dingzeyu Li LE Schapiro (CEPSR), Columbia University West th St New York, NY , USA ( ) - dli@cs.columbia.edu http://www.cs.columbia.edu/~dli/ Education Columbia University, New York, USA Sept. - present - PhD Research, Advisor: Changxi Zheng, Columbia Computer Graphics Group, Columbia University, New York, Aug

  6. DlcSsoo |LI Metallurgy Department

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DlcSsoo |£LI s TT^rrrc^ G en 2 L-V I 7 Risø-R-523 Metallurgy Department Progress Report;Risø-R-523 METALLURGY DEPARTMENT PROGRESS REPORT FOR THE PERIOD 1 JANUARY TO 31 DECEMBER 1984 Abstract. The activities of the Metallurgy Department at Risø during 1984 are described. The work is presented in three

  7. Performance study of commercial LiCoO2 and spinel-based Li-ion cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Popov, Branko N.

    -ion cells and Sony 18650 cells using non-stoichiometric spinel and LiCoO2, respectively, as positive at the cathode and loss of active material at both electrodes due to electrolyte oxidation. For the Sony cells Science B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Li-ion cells; LiCoO2; Cell-Batt1 ; Capacity fade; Sony 18650

  8. Thermal Stability of Li-Ion Cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ROTH,EMANUEL P.

    1999-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The thermal stability of Li-ion cells with intercalating carbon anodes and metal oxide cathodes was measured as a function of state of charge and temperature for two advanced cell chemistries. Cells of the 18650 design with Li{sub x}CoO{sub 2} cathodes (commercial SONY cells) and Li{sub x}Ni{sub 0.8}Co{sub 0.2}O{sub 2} cathodes were measured for thermal reactivity in the open circuit cell condition. Accelerating rate calorimetry (ARC) was used to measure cell thermal runaway as a function of state of charge (SOC). Microcalorimetry was used to measure the time dependence of heat generating side reactions also as a function of SOC. Components of cells were measured using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) to study the thermal reactivity of the individual electrodes to determine the temperature regimes and conditions of the major thermal reactions. Thermal decomposition of the SEI layer at the anodes was identified as the initiating source for thermal runaway. The cells with Li{sub x}CoO{sub 2} cathodes showed greater sensitivity to SOC and higher accelerating heating rates than seen for the cells with Li{sub x}Ni{sub 0.8}Co{sub 0.2}O{sub 2}cathodes. Lower temperature reactions starting as low as 40 C were also observed that were SOC dependent but not accelerating. These reactions were also measured in the microcalorimeter and observed to decay over time with a power-law dependence and are believed to result in irreversible capacity loss in the cells.

  9. Is there a bound dineutron in {sup 11}Li?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ieki, K.; Galonsky, A.; Sackett, D.; Kruse, J.J.; Lynch, W.G.; Morrissey, D.J.; Orr, N.A.; Sherrill, B.M.; Winger, J.A. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States)] [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Deak, F.; Horvath, A.; Kiss, A. [Department of Atomic Physics, Eoetvoes University, Puskin utca 5-7, H-1088 Budapest 8 (Hungary)] [Department of Atomic Physics, Eoetvoes University, Puskin utca 5-7, H-1088 Budapest 8 (Hungary); Seres, Z. [Central Research Institute for Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-1525 Budapest 114 (Hungary)] [Central Research Institute for Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-1525 Budapest 114 (Hungary); Kolata, J.J. [Physics Department, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States)] [Physics Department, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States); Warner, R.E. [Department of Physics, Oberlin College, Oberlin, Ohio 44074 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Oberlin College, Oberlin, Ohio 44074 (United States); Humphrey, D.L. [Department of Physics, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, Kentucky 42101 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, Kentucky 42101 (United States)

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Photodisintegration of {sup 11}Li was accomplished by sending a beam of {sup 11}Li at 28 MeV/nucleon through the equivalent photon field of a lead target. By measuring the complete kinematics of the disintegration products, {sup 9}Li+{ital n}+{ital n}, we constructed the correlation of the angle between the two neutrons in the rest frame of the {sup 11}Li. The correlation is independent of angle. This result argues against the existence of a bound dineutron in the ground state of {sup 11}Li. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  10. Making Li-air batteries rechargeable: material challenges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shao, Yuyan; Ding, Fei; Xiao, Jie; Zhang, Jian; Xu, Wu; Park, Seh Kyu; Zhang, Jiguang; Wang, Yong; Liu, Jun

    2013-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A Li-air battery could potentially provide three to five times higher energy density/specific energy than conventional batteries, thus enable the driving range of an electric vehicle comparable to a gasoline vehicle. However, making Li-air batteries rechargeable presents significant challenges, mostly related with materials. Herein, we discuss the key factors that influence the rechargeability of Li-air batteries with a focus on nonaqueous system. The status and materials challenges for nonaqueous rechargeable Li-air batteries are reviewed. These include electrolytes, cathode (electocatalysts), lithium metal anodes, and oxygen-selective membranes (oxygen supply from air). The perspective of rechargeable Li-air batteries is provided.

  11. Electrolyte effects in Li(Si)/FeS{sub 2} thermal batteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guidotti, R.A.; Reinhardt, F.W.

    1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The most common electrochemical couple for thermally activated (``thermal``) batteries is the Li-alloy/FeS{sub 2} system. The most common Li-alloys used for anodes are 20% Li-80% Al and 44% Li-56% Si (by weight); liquid Li immobilized with iron powder has also been used. The standard electrolyte that has been used in thermal batteries over the years is the LiCl-KCl eutectic that melts at 352{degrees}C. The LiCl-LiBr-LiF eutectic had the best rate and power characteristics. This electrolyte melts at 436{degrees}C and shows very low polarization because of the absence of Li+ gradients common with the LiCl-KCl eutectic. The low-melting electrolytes examined included a KBr-LiBr-LiCl eutectic (melting at 321{degrees}C), a LiBr-KBr-LiF eutectic (melting at 313{degrees}C), and a CsBr-LiBr-KBr eutectic (melting at 238{degrees}C). The CsBr-based salt had poor conductivity and was not studied further. The LiBr-KBr-LiF eutectic outperformed the KBr-LiBr-LiCl eutectic and was selected for more extensive testing. Because of their lower melting points and larger liquidi relative to the LiCl-KCl eutectic, the low-melting electrolytes are prime candidates for long-life applications (i.e., for activated lives of one hour or more). This paper will detail the relative performance of the Li(Si)/FeS{sub 2} couple using primarily the LiCl-KCl (standard) eutectic, the LiCl-LiBr-LiF (all-Li) eutectic, and the LiBr-KBr-LiF (low-melting) eutectic electrolytes. Most of the tests were conducted with 5-cell batteries; validation tests were also carried out with appropriate full-sized batteries.

  12. Energy Sensing and Monitoring Framework with an Integrated Communication Backbone in Energy Efficient Intelligent Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Raj

    Building, Communication, Sustainability, Smart Energy, Smart Box, Cloud Computing, Smart Phone. Abstract Efficient Intelligent Buildings Jianli Pan1, 3, a , Shanzhi Chen2, b , Raj Jain3, c , Subharthi Paul3, d 1. Building environments are significant sources of global energy consumption. To create energy efficient

  13. Project management knowledge and skills for green construction: Overcoming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Sanjay

    -Gang Hwang, Wei Jian Ng Global concerns over climate change and sustainability have spurred the need for green buildings in the construction industry. In line with this, the Building and Construction Authority (BCA) has decided to turn upward its goal of greening, aiming to have at least 80% of buildings

  14. Sun et al. Reply: In the preceding Comment [1], Akola and Jones (AJ) claim that our findings [2] are artifacts of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun et al. Reply: In the preceding Comment [1], Akola and Jones (AJ) claim that our findings [2 not see much rationale in the presented criti- cism of our work. Zhimei Sun,1,* Jian Zhou,1 Andreas, preceding Comment, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 019603 (2010). [2] Z. Sun, J. Zhou, A. Blomqvist, B. Johansson

  15. Harvard Institute for International Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Economic Reforms in China and India: Selected Issues in Industrial Policy Nirupam Bajpai, Tianlun Jian and India: Selected Issues in Industrial Policy Abstract In this paper we compare the reform experiences of China and India focusing on three specific areas of industrial policy. We begin with a comparison

  16. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Impulsive and Hybrid Dynamical Systems, (2007)1318-1323 Copyright c 2007 Watam Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yuanlin

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Array) to meet the communication demands of modern complex control systems. In details, the paper first. They are used to implement real-time communication in modern com- plex master-slave control systems effectively obtaining a system suitable for DSP implementation. Hu, Jian [4] presents a new idea for a robot controller

  17. PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [West Virginia University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lai, Hong-jian

    PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [West Virginia University] On: 2 b ; Hong-Jian Lai a a Department of Mathematics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA b of Mathematics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA; b Department of Mathematics, South China Normal

  18. Aerosol Science and Technology, 42:115, 2008 Copyright c American Association for Aerosol Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aerosol Science and Technology, 42:1­15, 2008 Copyright c American Association for Aerosol Research of a Fast-Response Aerosol Size Spectrometer Jason S. Olfert and Jian Wang Atmospheric Science Department by the mixing of the aerosol in the inlet of the instrument, which `smears' the detected aerosol over a range

  19. Towards Data Mining Benchmarking: A Test Bed for Performance Study of Frequent Pattern Mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pei, Jian

    Towards Data Mining Benchmarking: A Test Bed for Performance Study of Frequent Pattern Mining Jian, object-relational DBMS, data warehouse sys- tems, etc. We believe that benchmarking data mining mining systems as well. Frequent pattern mining forms a core component in mining associations

  20. Low-Temperature Phase Transformation from Graphite to sp3 Orthorhombic Carbon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Wei Hua

    Low-Temperature Phase Transformation from Graphite to sp3 Orthorhombic Carbon Jian-Tao Wang,1, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China 2 Department of Physics and High February 2011) We identify by ab initio calculations an orthorhombic carbon polymorph in Pnma symmetry

  1. Dynamic Quenching of 5-(2 -Ethyl-hexyloxy)-p-Phenylene Vinylene (MEH-PPV) by Charge Transfer to a C60 Derivative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Deli

    and the C60,8 bicontinuous interpenetrating network formation at length scales in the nano- meter regime60 Derivative in Solution JIAN WANG, DELI WANG, DANIEL MOSES, ALAN J. HEEGER Institute for Polymers Polym Sci 82: 2553­2557, 2001 Key words: fluorescence quenching; Stern­Volmer constant; photoinduced

  2. Biomaterials Cite this: Biomater. Sci., 2013, 1, 52

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Jian

    of osteonecrosis of the femoral head. Development of biodegradable citrate-based injectable PEGMC/HA composite- duction through a human fetal osteoblast encapsulation study. An ex vivo study on a porcine femoral head. Kimb and Jian Yang*a,c Previous studies have confirmed that natural bone apatite crystals are bound

  3. Winners of the Postdoctoral Distinguished Performance Award postdoc:Postdoc Program:PDPA_Postdoc Dist Perf Award:Summary PDPA Award.xlsx 4/4/14

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Using Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy to Study Geological Materials for Space Exploration Covalency in Thorium, Uranium, and the Trans-Uranic Elements Individual Jian Wang MST-8 Atomistic Modeling Systematic Preparation, Isolation, and Characterization of Pentavalent Uranium Complexes Team B-8 Neutron

  4. 142 Int. J. Critical Infrastructures, Vol. 3, Nos. 1/2, 2007 Copyright 2007 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    where electricity is produced and traded as a commodity through competitive markets. In the USA Enterprises Ltd. Cournot equilibria in two-settlement electricity markets with system contingencies Jian Yao of California Berkeley, CA 94720, USA E-mail: jyao@ieor.berkeley.edu E-mail: oren@ieor.berkeley.edu E

  5. Energy performance of a dual airflow window under different climates Jingshu Wei1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

    -e windows was also calculated for com parison. The dual airflow window can reduce heating energy1 Energy performance of a dual airflow window under different climates Jingshu Wei1 , Jianing Zhao1. This paper reports our effort to use EnergyPlus to simulate the energy performance of a dual airflow window

  6. MIND: A Black-Box Energy Consumption Model for Disk Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qin, Xiao

    consumption is becoming a growing concern in data centers. Many energy-conservation techniques have beenMIND: A Black-Box Energy Consumption Model for Disk Arrays Zhuo Liu1,2 , Jian Zhou1 , Weikuan Yu2 with power conservation techniques. Accurate energy consumption and performance statistics are then collected

  7. http://www.hnei.hawaii.edu/ Phone: (808) 956-8890 Fax: (808) 956-2336 1680 East-West Road, POST 109 Honolulu, Hawai`i 96822

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Description and Goals With funding from federal agencies and industrial sponsors, Dr. Jian Yu has invented renewable energy; developing bioreactors with high mass transfer rate of insoluble gases for high cell ENERGY INSTITUTE School of Ocean & Earth Science & Technology ­ University of Hawai`i at Mnoa Bio

  8. IEEE JOURNAL ON EMERGING AND SELECTED TOPICS IN CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS, VOL. 1, NO. 3, SEPTEMBER 2011 289 PowerSleep: A Smart Power-Saving Scheme With

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Shengquan

    that the electricity costs $0.074 per kWh. Even without considering the cost of the power delivery subsystems 289 PowerSleep: A Smart Power-Saving Scheme With Sleep for Servers Under Response Time Constraint Shengquan Wang, Jun Liu, Jian-Jia Chen, and Xue Liu Abstract--Reducing the power consumption while

  9. Journal of Asian Electric Vehicles, Volume 11, Number 1, June 2013 Correlation Between Energy and Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leung, Ka-Cheong

    are mostly fed by fossil energies, such as coal, oil, and nature gas. These fossil fuels are non and Information C. C. Chan 1 and Linni Jian 2 1 Department of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, The UniversityJournal of Asian Electric Vehicles, Volume 11, Number 1, June 2013 1625 Correlation Between Energy

  10. Manual-scanning optical coherence tomography probe based on position tracking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Changhuei

    Manual-scanning optical coherence tomography probe based on position tracking Jian Ren,1, * Jigang to reconstruct images for a manual-scanning optical coherence tomog- raphy (OCT) probe is proposed's pose. The continuous device poses tracking, and the collected OCT depth scans can then be combined

  11. P-67: Investigation on the Hydrogen-Assisted Al Induced Metal Crystallization Poly-Si

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeng2 , Chong Luo1 , Chun jian Yin1 , Ming Yang1 , Zhiguo Meng1 , Shaozhen Xiong1 1. Institute of Photo-Electronics, Nankai University, The Tianjin Key Laboratory for Photo-Electronic Thin Film Devices and Technology] , solar cells [2] , sensor, etc. Among the crystallization technologies, AIC (Aluminum Induced

  12. Continuous K-Means Monitoring with Low Reporting Cost in Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morik, Katharina

    Continuous K-Means Monitoring with Low Reporting Cost in Sensor Networks Ming Hua, Man Ki Lau, Jian an interesting problem: continuously monitoring k-means clustering of sensor readings in a large sensor network. Given a set of sensors whose readings evolve over time, we want to maintain the k-means of the readings

  13. A Generalization of Proximity Functions for K-means , Hui Xiong2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiong, Hui

    A Generalization of Proximity Functions for K-means Junjie Wu1 , Hui Xiong2 , Jian Chen1 , Wenjun@andromeda.rutgers.edu, wjzhou@pegasus.rutgers.edu Abstract K-means is a widely used partitional clustering method. A large amount of effort has been made on finding better proximity (distance) functions for K-means. However

  14. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS --PART B, VOL. X, NO. X, XXX 200X 1 K-means Clustering Versus Validation Measures: A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiong, Hui

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS -- PART B, VOL. X, NO. X, XXX 200X 1 K-means, Junjie Wu, and Jian Chen, Fellow, IEEE Abstract K-means is a well-known and widely used partitional clustering method. While there are considerable research efforts to characterize the key features of the K-means

  15. Hierarchical Classification of Documents with Error Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, Kuo Chin Irwin

    Hierarchical Classification of Documents with Error Control Chun-hung Cheng1 , Jian Tang2 , Ada Wai is a function that matches a new object with one of the predefined classes. Document classification is characterized by the large number of attributes involved in the objects (documents). The traditional method

  16. Hierarchical Classification of Documents with Error Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fu, Ada Waichee

    Hierarchical Classification of Documents with Error Control Chun­hung Cheng 1 , Jian Tang 2 , Ada. Classification is a function that matches a new object with one of the predefined classes. Document classification is characterized by the large number of attributes involved in the objects (documents

  17. CHINESE JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICS Vol.49, No.3, 2006, pp: 588598 REGIONAL DIFFERENCE OF SUMMER AIR TEMPERATURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SURFACE TEMPERATURE SUN Jian-Qi1,2 WANG Hui-Jun1 1 State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling, the temporal- spatial distributions of summer air temperature (SAT) are investigated. It is found TEMPERATURE ANOMALIES IN NORTHEAST CHINA AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO ATMOSPHERIC GENERAL CIRCULATION AND SEA

  18. 15 2 1 2013 Union Press ccchan@eee.hku.hk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leung, Ka-Cheong

    17 LTO LTO LTO LTO Altairnano, 2012 Wave energy Wind energy Geothermal energy Wind energy Modern biomass energy Solar energy Geothermal energy #12;18 Studies in Science15 2 1 2013 Union Press ccchan@eee.hku.hk ln.jian@siat.ac.cn Correlation between energy

  19. Mirror mode waves: Messengers from the coronal heating region C. T. Russell,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    , but except for some evidence of perpendicular heating of heavy ions obtained by remote sensing, it has provenMirror mode waves: Messengers from the coronal heating region C. T. Russell,1 L. K. Jian,1 J. G problem in heliospheric physics is the mechanism for the heating and acceleration of the solar wind. One

  20. Mining changing regions from access-constrained snapshots: a cluster-embedded decision tree approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pei, Jian

    , very costly) to recall the two historical data sets. In those applications, the existing change-based approach. In the model construction phase, data snapshots are summarized using the novel cluster Pekerskaya_s and Jian Pei_s research is supported partly by National Sciences and Engineering Research

  1. Balanced Codon Usage Optimizes Eukaryotic Translational Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Jianzhi

    Balanced Codon Usage Optimizes Eukaryotic Translational Efficiency Wenfeng Qian1 , Jian-Rong Yang1, Guangzhou, China Abstract Cellular efficiency in protein translation is an important fitness determinant and that translational efficiency is maximized by the exclusive use of rapidly translated codons. Here we estimate

  2. Heterodimerization of Olefins. 1. Hydrovinylation Reactions of Olefins That Are Amenable to Asymmetric Catalysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RajanBabu, T. V. "Babu"

    , 151. (b) Chauvin, Y.; Olivier, H. Dimerization and Codimerization. In Applied Homogeneous Catalysis) Jolly, P. W.; Wilke, G. Hydrovinylation. In Applied Homoge- neous Catalysis with Organometallic to Asymmetric Catalysis T. V. RajanBabu,* Nobuyoshi Nomura, Jian Jin, Malay Nandi, Haengsoon Park, and Xiufeng

  3. Aerosol Science and Technology, 40:10021015, 2006 Copyright c American Association for Aerosol Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ; Pope et al. 1995; Wichmann et al. 2000). Emission from internal combustion vehicles is one of the major Research ISSN: 0278-6826 print / 1521-7388 online DOI: 10.1080/02786820600919408 Studies of Diesel Engine Particle Emissions During Transient Operations Using an Engine Exhaust Particle Sizer Jian Wang,1 John

  4. CURRICULUM VITAE|CELALETTIN EMRE OZDEMIR, PH.D. , 1|6 CELALETTIN EMRE OZDEMIR, PH.D.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Steve C. S.

    simulations of transition and turbulence in smooth-walled Stokes boundary layer" Phys. Fluids, 26, 04518 doi simulations of instability and boundary layer turbulence under a solitary wave" J. Fluid Mech.,731, 545 in oscillatory channel and its implication on wave-suspended sediment transport Advisors: Dr. Tian-Jian Hsu

  5. Computer Science MAPO: Mining API Usages from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Tao

    Computer Science MAPO: Mining API Usages from Open Source Repositories Tao Xie Department of Computer Science North Carolina State University, USA Jian Pei Department of Computer Science Simon Fraser University, Canada ·http://ase.csc.ncsu.edu/ #12;Computer Science Learning API Usages is Challenging ·org

  6. Computation Migration based on Mobile IP and Intelligent Agent Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Runtong

    Page 1 Computation Migration based on Mobile IP and Intelligent Agent Techniques Runtong Zhang, Dongmei Zhang, Zhigang Kan and Jian Ma Advanced Internet Technology, Nokia (China) R&D Center No. 11, He is to investigate the use of mobile agents in the platform of mobile IPv6, to provide adapted services to mobile

  7. The application of a hybrid energy-economy model to a key developing country China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The application of a hybrid energy-economy model to a key developing country ­ China JianJun Tu, a hybrid (bottom-up/top-down) energy- economy model, to test how different policy packages could, Vancouver, V5A 1S6, Canada E-mail (Jaccard): Jaccard@sfu.ca Energy security, local air pollution and GHG

  8. IEEE TVLSI SPECIAL SECTION ON LOW POWER ELECTRONICS AND DESIGN 2007 1 Maximizing the Lifetime of Embedded Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambhampati, Subbarao

    ). We propose an energy-based optimization framework that considers the characteristics of both the energy consumer (the embedded system) and the energy provider (the hybrid power source). We use of Embedded Systems Powered by Fuel Cell-Battery Hybrids Jianli Zhuo, Student Member, IEEE, Chaitali

  9. Carbon nanotube parametric electron pump: A molecular device Yadong Wei,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carbon nanotube parametric electron pump: A molecular device Yadong Wei,1 Jian Wang,1 Hong Guo,2 explored, including single-electron transistor,1 tunneling-magnetoresistance device,2 electromechanical the properties of a nanotube- based parametric electron pump, a molecular device by which a dc electric current

  10. prepared at INRIA Sophia-Antipolis Mediterranee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    PhD THESIS prepared at INRIA Sophia-Antipolis M´editerran´ee and presented at the University of Nice-Sophia Antipolis Graduate School of Information and Communication Sciences A dissertation Features in Diffusion MRI Jian CHENG Advisers Dr. Rachid Deriche INRIA Sophia Antipolis, France Dr. Tianzi

  11. Roger L. Berger University Address

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Purdue University School of Science 1999 Elected Fellow of the American Statistical Association 1993 Association Eastern North American Region of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics International Biometric and Jian Tao." Journal of the American Statistical Association, 105, 1629­1630. Berger, Roger L. (2007

  12. An Energy-Efficient Algorithm For Conflict-Free AGV Routing On A Linear Path Layout

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeng, Jianyang "Michael"

    1 An Energy-Efficient Algorithm For Conflict-Free AGV Routing On A Linear Path Layout ZENG Jian time and the AGV utilization in dispatching and routing. However, as energy shortage and pollution to environment become major concerns and the competition become more intense, the issue of minimizing the energy

  13. Test of the consistency of various linearized semiclassical initial value time correlation functions in application to inelastic neutron scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, William H.

    functions in application to inelastic neutron scattering from liquid para-hydrogen Jian Liua and William H for inelastic neutron scattering from liquid para-hydrogen at 14 K. Various time correlations functions were neutron scattering experimental data all suggest that the LSC-IVR is indeed a good short

  14. MICROFLUIDIC DEVICES FOR GENENTIC ANAYLSIS AND GENE EXPRESSION STUDIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quake, Stephen R.

    MICROFLUIDIC DEVICES FOR GENENTIC ANAYLSIS AND GENE EXPRESSION STUDIES Thesis by Jian Liu field of microfluidics. His advice has helped me out many times when I was struggling in my research, Ziyang Ma, Emil Kartalov, and many other colleagues. I thank Dr. Jessica Melin and the microfluidic

  15. Matrixassisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometric analysis of aliphatic biodegradable photoluminescent polymers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Jian

    photoluminescent polymers using new ionic liquid matrices Carlos A. Serrano1 , Yi Zhang2 , Jian Yang2 and Kevin A elucidation of recently developed aliphatic biodegradable polymers by matrixassisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDIMS). The polymers, formed by a condensation reaction of three components

  16. On Systems with Limited Communication A thesis presented

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Applied Sciences in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy. The traditional assumption which ignores communication constraints doesn't apply to those sys- tems. This thesisOn Systems with Limited Communication A thesis presented by Jian Zou to The Division of Engineering

  17. Porous Materials -Metal-Organic Frameworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsymbal, Evgeny Y.

    ShellsSnow Coral SoilBoneLungs Lemons #12;Artificial Porous Materials Insulation Cake Concrete BreadPorous Materials -Metal-Organic Frameworks 2012 Nanocamp NCMN, UNL Dr. Jian Zhang & Jacob Johnson-organic Frameworks Porous polymer networks #12;Porous Materials in Nature Sandstones Sea Sponge Butterfly Wings Egg

  18. Cross-Domain Sentiment Classification via Spectral Feature Alignment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Qiang

    Ni , Jian-Tao Sun , Qiang Yang and Zheng Chen Department of Computer Science and Engineering Hong to automatically predict sentiment polarity (e.g., positive or negative) of users publishing sentiment data (e classifiers from manually labeled text data, the labeling work can be time-consuming and ex- pensive

  19. Context-Aware Query Classification Huanhuan Cao1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Qiang

    Context-Aware Query Classification Huanhuan Cao1 Derek Hao Hu2 Dou Shen3 Daxin Jiang4 Jian-Tao Sun {derekhh, qyang}@cse.ust.hk 3,4 {doushen, djiang, jtsun}@microsoft.com ABSTRACT Understanding users' search become one of the most popular tools for Web users to find their desired information. As a result

  20. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 4, NO. 1, MARCH 2013 311 Optimizing Electric Vehicle Charging With Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Jian "Neil"

    With Energy Storage in the Electricity Market Chenrui Jin, Member, IEEE, Jian Tang, Member, IEEE, and Prasanta) that are currently under development for future smart grid systems can enable load aggregators to have bidirectional commu- nications with both the grid and Electric Vehicles (EVs) to obtain real-time price and load

  1. 1050 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ULTRASONICS, FERROELECTRICS, AND FREQUENCY CONTROL, VOL. 42, NO. 6, NOVEMBER 1995 Bowtie Limited Diffraction Beams for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Jian-yu

    , NOVEMBER 1995 Bowtie Limited Diffraction Beams for Low-Sidelobe and Large Depth of Field Imaging Jian-yu Lu is developed. These beams are termed bowtie limited diffraction beams because they have bowtie shapes of field, a bowtie limited diffraction beam is used in transmission and its 90 rotated response (around

  2. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ULTRASONICS, FERROELECTRICS, AND FREQUENCY CONTROL, VOL. 43, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER 1996 893 Producing Bowtie Limited Diffraction Beams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Jian-yu

    1996 893 Producing Bowtie Limited Diffraction Beams with Synthetic Array Experiment Jian-yu Lu, Member, called bowtie limited diffraction beams, was developed. These beams can achieve both low sidelobes and a large depth of field in medical imaging. In this paper, the production of bowtie beams in water

  3. electronic reprint Synchrotron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hitchcock, Adam P.

    )] of materials is critical. For example, polymer thin films or resists are irradiated and used as, computing and scientific applications in areas such as biology, nanoscience and materials science. Rapid,b Markus Weigand,c Jian Wangd and Chithra Karunakarand a Brockhouse Institute for Materials Research, Mc

  4. Nonadiabatic dynamics for processes involving multiple avoided curve crossings: Double proton transfer and proton-coupled electron transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammes-Schiffer, Sharon

    Nonadiabatic dynamics for processes involving multiple avoided curve crossings: Double proton transfer and proton-coupled electron transfer reactions Jian-Yun Fang and Sharon Hammes June 1997; accepted 26 August 1997 The extension of the surface hopping method ``molecular dynamics

  5. Volume 8 No. 12 June 25 2012 www.small-journal.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    : Demonstration in High-Efficiency Dual-Junction GaInP/GaAs Photovoltaics Jongho Lee, Jian Wu, Jae Ha Ryu in integrated stretchable photovoltaic modules with high power conversion efficiencies. The high performance Technologies with High Areal Coverages and Strain-Limiting Behavior: Demonstration in High-Efficiency Dual

  6. An Analysis of the Interactions between the Sem-5 SH3 Domain and Its Ligands Using Molecular Dynamics, Free Energy Calculations,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Wei

    to the construction of van der Waals interaction energy profiles for each ligand as well as for wild-type and mutant Dynamics, Free Energy Calculations, and Sequence Analysis Wei Wang, Wendell A. Lim,, Araz Jakalian,§,# Jian the interactions between Sem-5 and its ligands using molecular dynamics (MD), free energy calculations

  7. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT -CENTER FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to support the development of the field of life cycle assessment (LCA). The information and findingsUBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report JIAN SUN LIFE CYCLE which has one of the largest life cycle inventory database in North America. Assumptions and According

  8. Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering An experimental methodology is presented for mechanism Yang is a second graduate student in the department of mechanical engineering of ASU. He received his Jian Yang School for Engineering of Matter, Transport and Energy Arizona State University October 5

  9. Optimum Frame Synchronization for Preamble-less Packet Transmission of Turbo Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valenti, Matthew C.

    Optimum Frame Synchronization for Preamble-less Packet Transmission of Turbo Codes Jian Sun introduces an optimum maximum a posteriori (MAP) frame synchronization method for packet- based turbo coded the received signal sequences. This method is based on the low- density parity-check properties of turbo codes

  10. Layered Frequency-Domain Turbo Equalization for Single Carrier Broadband MIMO Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Yahong Rosa

    Layered Frequency-Domain Turbo Equalization for Single Carrier Broadband MIMO Systems Jian Zhang 72701, USA Abstract-- A new layered frequency-domain turbo equalization (LFDTE) scheme is proposed the respective advantages of layered detection and turbo equalization to further lower the bit error rate (BER

  11. Predicting Vehicle Crashworthiness: Validation of Computer Models for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berger, Jim

    Predicting Vehicle Crashworthiness: Validation of Computer Models for Functional and Hierarchical. Cafeo, Chin-Hsu Lin, and Jian Tu Abstract The CRASH computer model simulates the effect of a vehicle colliding against different barrier types. If it accurately represents real vehicle crash- worthiness

  12. Response of the Zonal Mean Atmospheric Circulation to El Nio versus Global Warming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Gang

    Response of the Zonal Mean Atmospheric Circulation to El Niño versus Global Warming JIAN LU Pacific. The hydrological impacts of global warming also exhibit distinct patterns over the subtropics response to global warming: 1) The increase in static stability of the subtropical and midlatitude

  13. Mechanisms for Tropical Tropospheric Circulation Change in Response to Global Warming*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Shang-Ping

    Mechanisms for Tropical Tropospheric Circulation Change in Response to Global Warming* JIAN MA change in global warming is studied by comparing the response of an atmospheric general circulation model globally in response to SST warming. A diagnostic framework is developed based on a linear baroclinic model

  14. Online Mining of Data Streams: Problems, Applications and Progress

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pei, Jian

    Online Mining of Data Streams: Problems, Applications and Progress Haixun Wang1 Jian Pei2 Philip S://www.cs.sfu.ca/~jpei #12;ICDE 2005 Tutorial 3 Outline · Introduction ­ Applications and Challenges · Mining data streams, Personal address book, Personal records, Payroll data bases, Expense reports, Logs of tunnel activities

  15. Catching the Best Views of Skyline: A Semantic Approach Based on Decisive Subspaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pei, Jian

    Catching the Best Views of Skyline: A Semantic Approach Based on Decisive Subspaces Jian Pei1 Wen of skylines remains open: Why and in which subspaces is (or is not) an ob- ject in the skyline? Practically-up and drill- down analysis is introduced. We also develop an efficient algorithm, Skyey, to compute

  16. Europium-Doped TiO2 Hollow Nanoshells: Two-Photon Imaging of Cell Binding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kummel, Andrew C.

    Europium-Doped TiO2 Hollow Nanoshells: Two-Photon Imaging of Cell Binding Sergio Sandoval,,,§ Jian method to fabricate luminescent monodisperse 200 nm europium-doped hollow TiO2 nanoshell (NS) particles-functionalized polystyrene beads were used as templates, and the porous walls of europium-doped titania nanoshells were

  17. Effects of spatial and temporal variations in aerosol properties on mean cloud albedo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in quantifying the effects of cloud on radiation budget and aerosol indirect effects on global scaleEffects of spatial and temporal variations in aerosol properties on mean cloud albedo Jian Wang1 effect on mean cloud albedo, was investigated using data collected at Pt. Reyes, California, during

  18. Spectroscopy of Lambda-9Li by electroproduction

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Urciuoli, G. M.; Cusanno, F.; Marrone, S.; Acha, A.; Ambrozewicz, P.; Aniol, K. A.; Baturin, P.; Bertin, P. Y.; Benaoum, H.; Blomqvist, K. I.; et al

    2015-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Background: In the absence of accurate data on the free two-body hyperon-nucleon interaction, the spectra of hypernuclei can provide information on the details of the effective hyperon-nucleon interaction. Purpose: To obtain a high-resolution spectrum for the 9Be(e,e?K+)Li?9 reaction. Method: Electroproduction of the hypernucleus Li?9 has been studied for the first time with sub-MeV energy resolution in Hall A at Jefferson Lab on a Be9 target. In order to increase the counting rate and to provide unambiguous kaon identification, two superconducting septum magnets and a Ring Imaging CHerenkov detector (RICH) were added to the Hall A standard equipment. Results: The crossmore »section to low-lying states of Li?9 is concentrated within 3 MeV of the ground state and can be fitted with four peaks. The positions of the doublets agree with theory while a disagreement could exist with respect to the relative strengths of the peaks in the doublets. A ? separation energy, B?, of 8.36±0.08 (stat.) ±0.08 (syst.) MeV was measured, in agreement with an earlier experiment.« less

  19. Spectroscopy of Lambda-9Li by electroproduction

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Urciuoli, G. M.; Cusanno, F.; Marrone, S.; Acha, A.; Ambrozewicz, P.; Aniol, K. A.; Baturin, P.; Bertin, P. Y.; Benaoum, H.; Blomqvist, K. I.; Boeglin, W. U.; Breuer, H.; Brindza, P.; Bydzovsky, P.; Camsonne, A.; Chang, C. C.; Chen, J. -P.; Choi, Seonho; Chudakov, E. A.; Cisbani, E.; Colilli, S.; Coman, L.; Craver, B. J.; De Cataldo, G.; de Jager, C. W.; De Leo, R.; Deur, A. P.; Ferdi, C.; Feuerbach, R. J.; Folts, E.; Fratoni, R.; Frullani, S.; Garibaldi, F.; Gayou, O.; Giuliani, F.; Gomez, J.; Gricia, M.; Hansen, J. O.; Hayes, D.; Higinbotham, D. W.; Holmstrom, T. K.; Hyde, C. E.; Ibrahim, H. F.; Iodice, M.; Jiang, X.; Kaufman, L. J.; Kino, K.; Kross, B.; Lagamba, L.; LeRose, J. J.; Lindgren, R. A.; Lucentini, M.; Margaziotis, D. J.; Markowitz, P.; Meziani, Z. E.; McCormick, K.; Michaels, R. W.; Millener, D. J.; Miyoshi, T.; Moffit, B.; Monaghan, P. A.; Moteabbed, M.; Camacho, C. Munoz; Nanda, S.; Nappi, E.; Nelyubin, V. V.; Norum, B. E.; Okasyasu, Y.; Paschke, K. D.; Perdrisat, C. F.; Piasetzky, E.; Punjabi, V. A.; Qiang, Y.; Reimer, P. E.; Reinhold, J.; Reitz, B.; Roche, R. E.; Rodriguez, V. M.; Saha, A.; Santavenere, F.; Sarty, A. J.; Segal, J.; Shahinyan, A.; Singh, J.; Sirca, S.; Snyder, R.; Solvignon, P. H.; Sotona, M.; Subedi, R.; Sulkosky, V. A.; Suzuki, T.; Ueno, H.; Ulmer, P. E.; Veneroni, P.; Voutier, E.; Wojtsekhowski, B. B.; Zheng, X.; Zorn, C.

    2015-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Background: In the absence of accurate data on the free two-body hyperon-nucleon interaction, the spectra of hypernuclei can provide information on the details of the effective hyperon-nucleon interaction. Purpose: To obtain a high-resolution spectrum for the 9Be(e,e?K+)Li?9 reaction. Method: Electroproduction of the hypernucleus Li?9 has been studied for the first time with sub-MeV energy resolution in Hall A at Jefferson Lab on a Be9 target. In order to increase the counting rate and to provide unambiguous kaon identification, two superconducting septum magnets and a Ring Imaging CHerenkov detector (RICH) were added to the Hall A standard equipment. Results: The cross section to low-lying states of Li?9 is concentrated within 3 MeV of the ground state and can be fitted with four peaks. The positions of the doublets agree with theory while a disagreement could exist with respect to the relative strengths of the peaks in the doublets. A ? separation energy, B?, of 8.36±0.08 (stat.) ±0.08 (syst.) MeV was measured, in agreement with an earlier experiment.

  20. Experimental simulation of internal short circuit in Li-ion and Li-ion-Polymer cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cai, Wei [ORNL; Wang, Hsin [ORNL; Maleki, Hossein [Motorola Mobility; Howard, Jason [Motorola Mobility; Lara-Curzio, Edgar [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A multi-parameter controlled pinch test was developed to study the occurrence of internal short circuits in Li-ion and Li-ion-polymer cells. By tuning the control parameters (i.e., cell voltage as well as pinching area, load, and speed), the pinch test can reproducibly create ~1 to 2 mm wide internal short between a cell jelly-roll s inner layer electrodes. This recreates conditions similar to those that may occur during service. Furthermore, the pinch test is used to determine thermal stability of two Li-ion-polymer cells of different designs built by the same manufacturer. The pinch test method can be used to help distinguish cells with design features or characteristics that lower risk of potential thermal events created by internal short circuits.

  1. Electrochemical Lithium Harvesting from Waste Li-ion Batteries Byron M. Wolfe III1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Yaoqi

    Electrochemical Lithium Harvesting from Waste Li-ion Batteries Byron M. Wolfe III1 , Wen Chao Lee1 This study demonstrates the feasibility of using water and the contents of waste Li-ion batteries for the electrodes in a Li-liquid battery system. Li metal was collected electrochemically from a waste Li

  2. Li overlayer formation, oxidation and sputtering characteristics of Al-Li alloys and W/Al-Li composites for fusion applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krauss, A.R. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)); DeWald, A.B.; Scott, P.; Savage, H. (Corium Industries, Inc., Atlanta, GA (USA))

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The next generation of long pulse fusion devices will impose severe requirements on the properties of plasma-facing materials. In devices such as ITER, a divertor design is being considered, using a divertor plate which would be either tungsten or a low-Z material such as graphite or beryllium. Strongly segregating lithium alloys have been proposed as a means of producing a self-sustaining low-Z overlayer which lowers plasma Z{sub eff} and resists self-sputtering. Aluminum-lithium alloys are among the better-characterized lithium-bearing alloys, and it has been demonstrated that lithium segregates strongly in aluminum. However, aluminum has a relatively low melting point, and for low lithium concentrations, the lithium diffusion rate is too slow to replenish lithium at the rate at which it is eroded by the incoming plasma. It has been suggested previously that the superionic {beta} phase Al-Li alloy (48--54 at. % Li) should have high enough diffusivity to be able to replenish surface lithium, and that incorporation of the {beta}-phase AlLi in a composite with tungsten would provide high temperature strength and melt layer stability, along with significantly better thermal conductivity than pure tungsten. Such a composite has been fabricated, as well as a variation containing titanium as a means of controlling oxidation at grain boundaries. The Li overlayer formation, erosion, and replenishment are characterized for the {beta}-phase LiAl alloy, and W-AlLi and W-Ti-AlLi composites. It is found that if there is no oxide layer to inhibit the Li segregation, Li diffusion is extremely rapid, and an oxygen-free Li overlayer is formed which is stable under continuous ion beam sputtering. 21 refs., 7 figs.

  3. Characterization of Li-ion Batteries using Neutron Diffraction...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Li-ion batteries Using Neutron Diffraction and Infrared Imaging Techniques: Success Stories from the High Temperature Materials Laboratory (HTML) User Program DOE 2011 Vehicle...

  4. Construction of a Li Ion Battery (LIB) Cathode Production Plant...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of LIB Cathode Materials Process for Low Cost Domestic Production of LIB Cathode Materials Construction of a Li Ion Battery (LIB) Cathode Production Plant in Elyria, Ohio...

  5. Nanoscale In Situ Characterization of Li-ion Battery Electrochemistry...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nanoscale In Situ Characterization of Li-ion Battery Electrochemistry via Scanning Ion Conductance Microscopy A. L. Lipson, R. S. Ginder, and M. C. Hersam, Northwestern University...

  6. Characterization of Materials for Li-ion Batteries: Success Stories...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Materials for Li-ion Batteries: Success Stories from the High Temperature Materials Laboratory (HTML) User Program DOE 2010 Vehicle Technologies Annual Merit Review and Peer...

  7. LiU E-Press Newsletter Autumn, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    to Increase Biogas Yields by Anders Ek was one of the winners. For more information about LiU E-Press and how

  8. Novel Laser-Based Manufacturing of nano-LiFePO4-Based Materials for High Power Li Ion Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horne, Craig R.; Jaiswal, Abhishek; Chang, On; Crane, S.; Doeff, Marca M.; Wang, Emile

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    17-18, 2007 Novel Laser-Based Manufacturing of nano-LiFePO 4laser-based process for synthesizing nanomaterials, NanoParticle Manufacturing (

  9. Novel Laser-Based Manufacturing of nano-LiFePO4-Based Materials for High Power Li Ion Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horne, Craig R.; Jaiswal, Abhishek; Chang, On; Crane, S.; Doeff, Marca M.; Wang, Emile

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    II “Olivines in Lithium Batteries” The Beckman Institute,for High Power Li Ion Batteries C.R. Horne 1 , A. Jaiswal

  10. Momentum distributions for ([sup 11]Li, [sup 9]Li+[ital n]+[ital n]) breakup reactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Esbensen, H.; Bertsch, G.F.; Ieki, K. (Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States) Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States) Institute of Nuclear Theory and Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States))

    1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have calculated the momentum distributions of the three fragments emitted in the breakup reaction ([sup 11]Li,[sup 9]Li+[ital n]+[ital n]), induced by the Coulomb field from a heavy target, and made comparisons to recent three-body coincidence measurements. Our three-body model for [sup 11]Li provides a good description of the measured relative momentum distribution for the two emitted neutrons, and also for the single-neutron momentum distribution. The predicted distribution for the [sup 9]Li recoil is much narrower than observed; a plausible explanation is presented.

  11. Rate-Dependent Morphology of Li2O2 Growth in Li-O2 Batteries Birger Horstmann,1, 2, 3, 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bazant, Martin Z.

    Rate-Dependent Morphology of Li2O2 Growth in Li-O2 Batteries Birger Horstmann,1, 2, 3, 4 Betar continuum model for the growth of Li2O2 crystals in lithium-oxygen batteries with organic electrolytes-ion batteries. As in the case of lithium insertion in phase-separating LiFePO4 nanoparticles, the theory

  12. Suppression of Phase Separation in LiFePO 4 Nanoparticles During Battery Discharge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bai, Peng

    Using a novel electrochemical phase-field model, we question the common belief that LiXFePO? nanoparticles always separate into Li-rich and Li-poor phases during battery discharge. For small currents, spinodal decomposition ...

  13. High Capacity MoO3 Nanoparticle Li-Ion Battery Anode

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    energy functional were employed.) 10 AccomplishmentStatus Theoretical changes in Li-ion intercalated -MoO 3 Mo Li O * Four Li inserted in a theoretical nanoparticle. * 9 ps...

  14. Thermodynamic and kinetic properties of the Li-graphite system from first-principles calculations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ceder, Gerbrand

    We present an ab initio study of the thermodynamics and kinetics of Li [subscript x]C[subscript 6], relevant for anode Li intercalation in rechargeable Li batteries. In graphite, the interlayer interactions are dominated ...

  15. A HIGH CURRENT DENSITY LI+ ALUMINO-SILICATE ION SOURCE FOR TARGET HEATING EXPERIMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, Prabir K.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CURRENT DENSITY LI+ ALUMINO-SILICATE ION SOURCE FOR TARGETCURRENT DENSITY LI + ALUMINO-SILICATE ION SOURCE FOR TARGETcm) Li + doped alumino-silicate source with a pulse duration

  16. Homogeneous Factorisations of Graphs and Michael Giudici a, Cai Heng Li a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giudici, Michael

    Homogeneous Factorisations of Graphs and Digraphs Michael Giudici a, Cai Heng Li a Primoz Potocnik@maths.uwa.edu.au (Michael Giudici), li@maths.uwa.edu.au (Cai Heng Li), primoz.potocnik@fmf.uni-lj.si (Primoz Preprint

  17. Lithium Diffusion in Li4Ti5O12 at High Temperatures. | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lithium Diffusion in Li4Ti5O12 at High Temperatures. Lithium Diffusion in Li4Ti5O12 at High Temperatures. Abstract: Synthesis of the spinel lithium titanate Li4Ti5O12 by an...

  18. Primordial Li abundance and massive particles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Latin-Capital-Letter-Eth apo, H. [Department of Physics, Akdeniz University, TR-07058, Antalya (Turkey)

    2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The problem of the observed lithium abundance coming from the Big Bang Nucleosynthesis is as of yet unsolved. One of the proposed solutions is including relic massive particles into the Big Bang Nucleosynthesis. We investigated the effects of such particles on {sup 4}HeX{sup -}+{sup 2}H{yields}{sup 6}Li+X{sup -}, where the X{sup -} is the negatively charged massive particle. We demonstrate the dominance of long-range part of the potential on the cross-section.

  19. I I LI I L I

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling7111AWell:F E ,"^ I 1' . _ .t.fiom I -'LI -

  20. A=18Li (1995TI07)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less2012KE01)93TI07) (Not observed) See72AJ02)72AJ02) (See95TI07)Li

  1. A=4Li (1992TI02)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less2012KE01)93TI07)7AJ02) (See the98TI06)2010PU04)4He (1992TI02)Li

  2. A=9Li (1979AJ01)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032)8Li (59AJ76) (See the Energy Level79AJ01) (Not

  3. A=9Li (1984AJ01)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032)8Li (59AJ76) (See the Energy Level79AJ01) (Not4AJ01) (See Energy

  4. A=9Li (1988AJ01)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032)8Li (59AJ76) (See the Energy Level79AJ01) (Not4AJ01) (See

  5. A=9Li (2004TI06)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032)8Li (59AJ76) (See the Energy Level79AJ01) (Not4AJ01) (See2004TI06)

  6. A=9Li (59AJ76)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032)8Li (59AJ76) (See the Energy Level79AJ01) (Not4AJ01)

  7. A=9Li (66LA04)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032)8Li (59AJ76) (See the Energy Level79AJ01) (Not4AJ01)66LA04) (See

  8. A=9Li (74AJ01)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032)8Li (59AJ76) (See the Energy Level79AJ01) (Not4AJ01)66LA04)

  9. Ying Li | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del SolStrengtheningWildfires may contributeSecuritysupports neighbors's/UTAnaYeYing Li

  10. LiDAR | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano,Lakefront Tow(Redirected from Lewisburg,LiDAR Jump to:

  11. A=15Li (1981AJ01)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less2012KE01) (Not6AJ01) (See0AJ04)1AJ01) (Not illustrated) 15Li

  12. A=16Li (1993TI07)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del(ANL-IN-03-032) -Less2012KE01) (Not6AJ01)93TI07) (See Energy Level6AJ04)6AJ04)Li

  13. Chem 115Lithium-Halogen ExchangeMyers RLi + R'X RX + R'Li

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chem 115Lithium-Halogen ExchangeMyers RLi + R'X RX + R'Li Lithium-halogen exchange reactions are essentially inert. 2 t-BuLi t-BuI + RLi t-BuLi isobutene + isobutane + LiI Lithium-halogen exchange reactions, and lithium iodide. H OEtBr H H OEtLi H1.1 eq n-BuLi Et2O, !80 °C Lau, K. S.; Schlosser, M. J. Org. Chem. 1978

  14. Air stable Al2O3-coated Li2NiO2 cathode additive as a surplus current consumer in a Li-ion cell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Jaephil

    increases to 2.75V (2.85V vs. graphite), its discharge capacity decreases to 120 mAh/g, which corresponds for the irreversible capacity of the Li-ion cell using LiCoO2 and natural graphite as cathode and anode materials the complete decomposition of the Li2NiO2. 1. Introduction Most Li secondary batteries use LiCoO2 as a cathode

  15. Spectroscopy of Lambda-9Li by electroproduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. M. Urciuoli; F. Cusanno; S. Marrone; A. Acha; P. Ambrozewicz; K. A. Aniol; P. Baturin; P. Y. Bertin; H. Benaoum; K. I. Blomqvist; W. U. Boeglin; H. Breuer; P. Brindza; P. Bydzovsky; A. Camsonne; C. C. Chang; J. -P. Chen; Seonho Choi; E. A. Chudakov; E. Cisbani; S. Colilli; L. Coman; B. J. Craver; G. De Cataldo; C. W. de Jager; R. De Leo; A. P. Deur; C. Ferdi; R. J. Feuerbach; E. Folts; R. Fratoni; S. Frullani; F. Garibaldi; O. Gayou; F. Giuliani; J. Gomez; M. Gricia; J. O. Hansen; D. Hayes; D. W. Higinbotham; T. K. Holmstrom; C. E. Hyde; H. F. Ibrahim; M. Iodice; X. Jiang; L. J. Kaufman; K. Kino; B. Kross; L. Lagamba; J. J. LeRose; R. A. Lindgren; M. Lucentini; D. J. Margaziotis; P. Markowitz; Z. E. Meziani; K. McCormick; R. W. Michaels; D. J. Millener; T. Miyoshi; B. Moffit; P. A. Monaghan; M. Moteabbed; C. Munoz Camacho; S. Nanda; E. Nappi; V. V. Nelyubin; B. E. Norum; Y. Okasyasu; K. D. Paschke; C. F. Perdrisat; E. Piasetzky; V. A. Punjabi; Y. Qiang; P. E. Reimer; J. Reinhold; B. Reitz; R. E. Roche; V. M. Rodriguez; A. Saha; F. Santavenere; A. J. Sarty; J. Segal; A. Shahinyan; J. Singh; S. Sirca; R. Snyder; P. H. Solvignon; M. Sotona; R. Subedi; V. A. Sulkosky; T. Suzuki; H. Ueno; P. E. Ulmer; P. Veneroni; E. Voutier; B. B. Wojtsekhowski; X. Zheng; C. Zorn

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the absence of accurate data on the free two-body hyperon-nucleon interaction, the spectra of hypernuclei can provide information on the details of the effective hyperon-nucleon interaction. Electroproduction of the hypernucleus Lambda-9Li has been studied for the first time with sub-MeV energy resolution in Hall A at Jefferson Lab on a 9Be target. In order to increase the counting rate and to provide unambiguous kaon identification, two superconducting septum magnets and a Ring Imaging CHerenkov detector (RICH) were added to the Hall A standard equipment. The cross section to low-lying states of Lambda-9Li is concentrated within 3 MeV of the ground state and can be fitted with four peaks. The positions of the doublets agree with theory while a disagreement could exist with respect to the relative strengths of the peaks in the doublets. A Lambda separation energy of 8.36 +- 0.08 (stat.) +- 0.08 (syst.) MeV was measured, in agreement with an earlier experiment.

  16. Universal Accumulators with Efficient Nonmembership Jiangtao Li1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Ninghui

    Universal Accumulators with Efficient Nonmembership Proofs Jiangtao Li1 , Ninghui Li2 , and Rui Xue of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign rxue@uiuc.edu Abstract. Based on the notion of accumulators, we propose a new cryptographic scheme called universal accumulators. This scheme enables one to commit to a set of values using

  17. Molecular dynamics simulation of Li surface erosion and bubble formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harilal, S. S.

    .49.Sf Keywords: Liquid metal; Lithium; Ion-surface interactions 1. Introduction Bombardment Structure and dynamical properties of liquid Li containing He atoms were studied by the Molecular Dynamics characteristics of light low-energy ions on a liquid Li surface and their diffusion properties have attracted much

  18. Community-Based Cloud for Emergency Management , Qingrui Li1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Juan "Jen"

    number of recent disasters, such as the Indonesian volcanic eruption, Gulf of Mexico oil spill, Haitian, University of New Mexico j.li@ndsu.edu, qingrui.li@ndsu.edu, samee.khan@ndsu.edu, nghani@ece.unm.edu Abstract

  19. Implications of Li divertor and other liquid-metal technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    plasma-facing systems can rapidly remove heat. h Continuous recovery of damaged surfaces exposed to large. Nuclear Mater. 290-293 (2001) 19. #12;Secondary ion fraction and deuterium- saturation studies of liquid (sputteringions/sputteredatoms) Incident particle energy (eV) Secondary Li ion fraction (non D-sat.) Secondary Li

  20. Ethylmethylcarbonate, a promising solvent for Li-ion rechargeable batteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ein-Eli, Y.; Thomas, S.R.; Koch, V. [Covalent Associates Inc., Woburn, MA (United States); Aurbach, D.; Markovsky, B.; Schechter, A. [Bar-Ilan Univ., Ramat Gan (Israel). Dept. of Chemistry

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ethylmethylcarbonate (EMC) has been found to be a promising solvent for rechargeable Li-ion batteries. Graphite electrodes, which are usually sensitive to the composition of the electrolyte solution, can be successfully cycled at high reversible capacities in several Li salt solutions in this solvent (LiAsF{sub 6}, LiPF{sub 6}, etc.). These results are interesting because lithium ions cannot intercalate into graphite in diethyl carbonate solutions and cycle poorly in dimethyl carbonate solutions. To understand the high compatibility of EMC for Li-ion battery systems as compared with the other two open-chain alkyl carbonates mentioned above, the surface chemistry developed in both Li and carbon electrodes in EMC solution was studied and compared with that developed on these electrodes in other alkyl carbonate solutions. Basically, the major surface species formed on both electrodes in EMC include ROLi, ROCO{sub 2}Li, and Li{sub 2}CO{sub 3} species. The uniqueness of EMC as a battery solvent is discussed in light of these studies.

  1. Fluorinated Electrolyte for 5-V Li-Ion Chemistry

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    battery for PHEV and EV applications. Approach 5 LiNi 0.5 Mn 1.5 O 4 1.2M LiPF 6 ECEMC (37 wt%) Graphite, cycled at RT and 55 o C Technical Accomplishments and Progress...

  2. Characterization of LI+ Alumino-Silicate Ion Source for Target Heating Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, P.K.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OF LI + ALUMINO-SILICATE ION SOURCE FOR TARGET HEATINGcm) Li + doped alumino-silicate source to pro- duce shortdiameter lithium alumino-silicate ion source is presented.

  3. Effective bending stiffness for plates with microcracks D. C. Simkins Jr, S. Li

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Shaofan

    Effective bending stiffness for plates with microcracks D. C. Simkins Jr, S. Li Summary. C. Simkins Jr, S. Li (&) Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California

  4. Localization of vacancies and mobility of lithium ions in Li{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3} as obtained by {sup 6,7}Li NMR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baklanova, Ya. V., E-mail: baklanovay@ihim.uran.ru [Institute of Solid State Chemistry, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 91 Pervomaiskaya str., 620990 Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation); Arapova, I. Yu.; Buzlukov, A.L.; Gerashenko, A.P.; Verkhovskii, S.V.; Mikhalev, K.N. [Institute of Metal Physics, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 18 Kovalevskaya str., 620990 Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation); Denisova, T.A.; Shein, I.R.; Maksimova, L.G. [Institute of Solid State Chemistry, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 91 Pervomaiskaya str., 620990 Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation)

    2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The {sup 6,7}Li NMR spectra and the {sup 7}Li spin–lattice relaxation rate were measured on polycrystalline samples of Li{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3}, synthesized at 1050 K and 1300 K. The {sup 7}Li NMR lines were attributed to corresponding structural positions of lithium Li1 and Li2 by comparing the EFG components with those obtained in the first-principles calculations of the charge density in Li{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3}. For both samples the line width of the central {sup 7}Li transition and the spin–lattice relaxation time decrease abruptly at the temperature increasing above ?500 K, whereas the EFG parameters are averaged (??{sub Q}?=42 (5) kHz) owing to thermally activated diffusion of lithium ions. - Graphical abstract: Path of lithium ion hopping in lithium zirconate Li{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3}. - Highlights: • Polycrystalline samples Li{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3} with monoclinic crystal structure synthesized at different temperatures were investigated by {sup 6,7}Li NMR spectroscopy. • Two {sup 6,7}Li NMR lines were attributed to the specific structural positions Li1 and Li2. • The distribution of vacancies was clarified for both lithium sites. • The activation energy and pathways of lithium diffusion in Li{sub 2}ZrO{sub 3} were defined.

  5. Structure of neutron-rich Isotopes {sup 8}Li and {sup 9}Li and allowance for it in elastic scattering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ibraeva, E. T., E-mail: ibr@inp.k [National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Institute for Nuclear Physics (Kazakhstan); Zhusupov, M. A.; Imambekov, O.; Sagindykov, Sh. Sh. [Al Farabi Kazakh National University (Kazakhstan)

    2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The differential cross sections for elastic proton scattering on the unstable neutron-rich nuclei {sup 8}Li and {sup 9}Li at E = 700 and 60 MeV per nucleon were considered. The {sup 8}Li nucleus was treated on the basis of the three-body {alpha}-t-n model, while the {sup 9}Li nucleus was considered within the {alpha}-t-n and {sup 7}Li-n-n models. The cross sections in question were calculated within Glauber diffraction theory. A comparison of the results with available experimental data made it possible to draw conclusions on the quality of the wave functions and potential used in the calculations.

  6. LiCl Dehumidifier LiBr absorption chiller hybrid air conditioning system with energy recovery

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ko, Suk M. (Huntsville, AL)

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention relates to a hybrid air conditioning system that combines a solar powered LiCl dehumidifier with a LiBr absorption chiller. The desiccant dehumidifier removes the latent load by absorbing moisture from the air, and the sensible load is removed by the absorption chiller. The desiccant dehumidifier is coupled to a regenerator and the desiccant in the regenerator is heated by solar heated hot water to drive the moisture therefrom before being fed back to the dehumidifier. The heat of vaporization expended in the desiccant regenerator is recovered and used to partially preheat the driving fluid of the absorption chiller, thus substantially improving the overall COP of the hybrid system.

  7. Material review of Li ion battery separators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weber, Christoph J., E-mail: Christoph.Weber@freudenberg-nw.com; Geiger, Sigrid, E-mail: Christoph.Weber@freudenberg-nw.com [Freudenberg Vliesstoffe SE and Co KG, 69465 Weinheim (Germany); Falusi, Sandra; Roth, Michael [Freudenberg Forschungsdienste SE and Co KG, 69465 Weinheim (Germany)

    2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Separators for Li Ion batteries have a strong impact on cell production, cell performance, life, as well as reliability and safety. The separator market volume is about 500 million m{sup 2} mainly based on consumer applications. It is expected to grow strongly over the next decade for mobile and stationary applications using large cells. At present, the market is essentially served by polyolefine membranes. Such membranes have some technological limitations, such as wettability, porosity, penetration resistance, shrinkage and meltdown. The development of a cell failure due to internal short circuit is potentially closely related to separator material properties. Consequently, advanced separators became an intense area of worldwide research and development activity in academia and industry. New separator technologies are being developed especially to address safety and reliability related property improvements.

  8. Effects of Nonaqueous Electrolytes on Primary Li-Air Batteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, Wu; Xiao, Jie; Wang, Deyu; Zhang, Jian; Zhang, Jiguang

    2010-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects of nonaqueous electrolytes on the performance of primary Li-air batteries operated in dry air environment have been investigated. Organic solvents with low volatility and low moisture absorption are necessary to minimize the change of electrolyte compositions and the reaction between Li anode and water during the discharge process. The polarity of aprotic solvents outweighs the viscosity, ion conductivity and oxygen solubility on the performance of Li-air batteries once these latter properties attain certain reasonable level, because the solvent polarity significantly affects the number of tri-phase regions formed by oxygen, electrolyte, and active carbons (with catalyst) in the air electrode. The most feasible electrolyte formulation is the system of LiTFSI in PC/EC mixtures, whose performance is relatively insensitive to PC/EC ratio and salt concentration. The quantity of such electrolyte added to a Li-air cell has notably effects on the discharge performance of the Li-air battery as well, and a maximum in capacity is observed as a function of electrolyte amount. The coordination effect from the additives or co-solvents [tris(pentafluorophenyl)borane and crown ethers in this study] also greatly affects the discharge performance of a Li-air battery.

  9. Effects of electrolyte salts on the performance of Li-O2 batteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nasybulin, Eduard N.; Xu, Wu; Engelhard, Mark H.; Nie, Zimin; Burton, Sarah D.; Cosimbescu, Lelia; Gross, Mark E.; Zhang, Jiguang

    2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    It is well known that the stability of nonaqueous electrolyte is critical for the rechargeable Li-O2 batteries. Although stability of many solvents used in the electrolytes has been investigated, considerably less attention has been paid to the stability of electrolyte salt which is the second major component. Herein, we report the systematic investigation of the stability of seven common lithium salts in tetraglyme used as electrolytes for Li-O2 batteries. The discharge products of Li-O2 reaction were analyzed by X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The performance of Li-O2 batteries was strongly affected by the salt used in the electrolyte. Lithium tetrafluoroborate (LiBF4) and lithium bis(oxalato)borate (LiBOB) decompose and form LiF and lithium borates, respectively during the discharge of Li-O2 batteries. Several other salts, including lithium bis(trifluoromethane)sulfonamide (LiTFSI), lithium trifluoromethanesulfonate (LiTf), lithium hexafluorophosphate (LiPF6), lithium perchlorate (LiClO4) , and lithium bromide (LiBr) led to the discharge products which mainly consisted of Li2O2 and only minor signs of decomposition of LiTFSI, LiTf, LPF6 and LiClO4 were detected. LiBr showed the best stability during the discharge process. As for the cycling performance, LiTf and LiTFSI were the best among the studied salts. In addition to the instability of lithium salts, decomposition of tetraglyme solvent was a more significant factor contributing to the limited cycling stability. Thus a more stable nonaqueous electrolyte including organic solvent and lithium salt still need to be further developed to reach a fully reversible Li-O2 battery.

  10. THE NEW DETECTIONS OF {sup 7}Li/{sup 6}Li ISOTOPIC RATIO IN THE INTERSTELLAR MEDIA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kawanomoto, S.; Kajino, T.; Aoki, W.; Ando, H.; Noguchi, K.; Tanaka, W. [National Astronomical Observatory, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Bessell, M. [Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Mount Stromlo Observatory, 2611 ACT (Australia); Suzuki, T. K. [Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, University of Tokyo, Komaba, Meguro, Tokyo 153-8902 (Japan); Honda, S. [Gunma Astronomical Observatory, 6860-86 Nakayama Takayama-mura, Agatsuma-gun, Gunma 377-0702 (Japan); Izumiura, H.; Kambe, E.; Okita, K.; Watanabe, E.; Yoshida, M. [Okayama Astrophysical Observatory, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 3037-5 Honjo, Kamogata, Asakuchi, Okayama 719-0232 (Japan); Sadakane, K. [Astronomical Institute, Osaka-Kyoiku University, Kashiwara-shi, Osaka 582-8582 (Japan); Sato, B. [Global Edge Institute Global Edge Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8550 (Japan); Tajitsu, A. [Subaru Telescope, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 650 North A'ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Takada-Hidai, M. [Liberal Arts Education Center, Tokai University 1117 Kitakaname, Hisatsuka-shi, Kanagawa 259-1292 (Japan)

    2009-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We have determined the isotopic abundance ratio of {sup 7}Li/{sup 6}Li in the interstellar media (ISMs) along lines of sight to HD169454 and HD250290 using the High-Dispersion Spectrograph on the Subaru Telescope. We also observed {zeta} Oph for comparison with previous data. The observed abundance ratios were {sup 7}Li/{sup 6}Li = 8.1{sup +3.6} {sub -1.8} and 6.3{sup +3.0} {sub -1.7} for HD169454 and HD250290, respectively. These values are in reasonable agreement with those observed previously in the solar neighborhood ISMs within {+-}2{sigma} error bars and are also consistent with our measurement of {sup 7}Li/{sup 6}Li = 7.1{sup +2.9} {sub -1.6} for a cloud along the line of sight to {zeta} Oph. This is good evidence for homogeneous mixing and instantaneous recycling of the gas component in the Galactic disk. We also discuss several source compositions of {sup 7}Li, Galactic cosmic-ray interactions, stellar nucleosynthesis, and big bang nucleosynthesis.

  11. On the Origin and Implications of Li$_2$O$_2$ Toroid Formation in Nonaqueous Li-O$_2$ Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aetukuri, Nagaphani B; García, Jeannette M; Krupp, Leslie E; Viswanathan, Venkatasubramanian; Luntz, Alan C

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The lithium-air (Li-O$_2$) battery has received enormous attention as a possible alternative to current state-of-the-art rechargeable Li-ion batteries given their high theoretical specific energy. However, the maximum discharge capacity in nonaqueous Li-O$_2$ batteries is limited to a small fraction of its theoretical value due to the insulating nature of lithium peroxide, Li$_2$O$_2$, the battery$'$s primary discharge product. In this work, we show that the inclusion of trace amounts of electrolyte additives, such as H$_2$O, significantly improve the capacity of the Li-O$_2$ battery. These additives trigger a solution-based growth mechanism due to their solvating properties, thereby circumventing the Li$_2$O$_2$ conductivity limitation. Experimental observations and a growth model imply that this solution mechanism is responsible for Li$_2$ toroid formation. We present a general formalism describing an additive$'$s tendency to trigger the solution process, providing a rational design route for electrolytes t...

  12. Optically pumped cerium-doped LiSrAlF{sub 6} and LiCaAlF{sub 6}

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Marshall, C.D.; Payne, S.A.; Krupke, W.F.

    1996-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Ce{sup 3+}-doped LiSrAlF{sub 6} crystals are pumped by ultraviolet light which is polarized along the c axis of the crystals to effectively energize the laser system. In one embodiment, the polarized fourth harmonic light output from a conventional Nd:YAG laser operating at 266 nm is arranged to pump Ce:LiSrAlF{sub 6} with the pump light polarized along the c axis of the crystal. The Ce:LiSrAlF{sub 6} crystal may be placed in a laser cavity for generating tunable coherent ultraviolet radiation in the range of 280-320 nm. Additionally, Ce-doped crystals possessing the LiSrAlF{sub 6} type of chemical formula, e.g. Ce-doped LiCaAlF{sub 6} and LiSrGaF{sub 6}, can be used. Alternative pump sources include an ultraviolet-capable krypton or argon laser, or ultraviolet emitting flashlamps. The polarization of the pump light will impact operation. The laser system will operate efficiently when light in the 280-320 nm gain region is injected or recirculated in the system such that the beam is also polarized along the c axis of the crystal. The Ce:LiSrAlF{sub 6} laser system can be configured to generate ultrashort pulses, and it may be used to pump other devices, such as an optical parametric oscillator. 10 figs.

  13. Optically pumped cerium-doped LiSrAlF.sub.6 and LiCaAlF.sub.6

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Marshall, Christopher D. (Livermore, CA); Payne, Stephen A. (Castro Valley, CA); Krupke, William F. (Pleasanton, CA)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ce.sup.3+ -doped LiSrAlF.sub.6 crystals are pumped by ultraviolet light which is polarized along the c axis of the crystals to effectively energize the laser system. In one embodiment, the polarized fourth harmonic light output from a conventional Nd:YAG laser operating at 266 nm is arranged to pump Ce:LiSrAlF.sub.6 with the pump light polarized along the c axis of the crystal. The Ce:LiSrAlF.sub.6 crystal may be placed in a laser cavity for generating tunable coherent ultraviolet radiation in the range of 280-320 nm. Additionally, Ce-doped crystals possessing the LiSrAlF.sub.6 type of chemical formula, e.g. Ce-doped LiCaAlF.sub.6 and LiSrGaF.sub.6, can be used. Alternative pump sources include an ultraviolet-capable krypton or argon laser, or ultraviolet emitting flashlamps. The polarization of the pump light will impact operation. The laser system will operate efficiently when light in the 280-320 nm gain region is injected or recirculated in the system such that the beam is also polarized along the c axis of the crystal. The Ce:LiSrAlF.sub.6 laser system can be configured to generate ultrashort pulses, and it may be used to pump other devices, such as an optical parametric oscillator.

  14. Development of High Capacity Anode for Li-ion Batteries

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    stability of Si-based anode. 4 Milestones * Synthesize and characterize TiO 2 Graphene and SnO 2 Graphene nano-composite as anode for Li-ion batteries. - on going *...

  15. BPA's LiDAR program maps corridor to success

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    analyzed by BPA's LiDAR program. The animation was produced by Ryan Beck and Drew Thompson in BPA's Geospatial Services group. Sometimes the pace of change is imperceptible,...

  16. Structure of Liquid PEO-LiTFSI Electrolyte

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mao, Guomin; Saboungi, Marie-Louise; Price, David L.; Armand, Michel B.; Howells, W. S.

    2000-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The structure of a polymer electrolyte, P(EO){sub 7.5}LiN (SO{sub 2} CF{sub 3}){sub 2} , has been determined by neutron diffraction with isotropic substitution. The Li ions are bonded on average to five ether oxygens belonging to pairs of PEO coils. These are arranged with a considerable degree of extended-range order providing pathways for the Li ion conduction. The lack of ion pairing in this system below 4.8 Angstrom is reminiscent of that observed in the remarkable structure of P(EO){sub 6}LiAsF {sub 6} and implies that anions and cations are free to migrate independently. (c) 2000 The American Physical Society.

  17. Construction Sonsultants L.I., Notification of Intent to Investigate

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    1, 2015 Mr. Joel Itzkowitz OwnerPresident Construction Consultants L.I., Inc. 36 East 2nd Street Riverhead, New York 11901 Dear Mr. Itzkowitz: This letter serves as notification...

  18. Modeling - Scale-Bridging Simulations Active Materials in Li...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Society, v. 154 (10), pp. A978-A986. 3. Wang, C.-W. and Sastry, A.M., 2007, "Mesoscale Modeling of a Li-Ion Poly Cell," Journal of the Electrochemical Society, v. 154...

  19. atoms li na: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ground (doublet) atomic 2S(L 0)-state. It is straightforward to generalize our analysis to other bound states of the three-electron Li atom. Alexei M. Frolov; David M....

  20. Construction of a Li Ion Battery (LIB) Cathode Production Plant...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Construction of a Li Ion Battery (LIB) Cathode Production Plant in Elyria, Ohio Project ID ARRAVT008 Joe DiCarlo BASF Corporation May 11, 2011 "This presentation does not contain...

  1. Heteroclite electrochemical stability of an I based Li7P2S8I superionic conductor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rangasamy, Ezhiylmurugan [ORNL; Liu, Zengcai [ORNL; Gobet, Mallory [Hunter College of the City University of New York; Pilar, Kartik [Hunter College, City University of New York (CUNY); Sahu, Gayatri [ORNL; Greenbaum, Steve [Hunter College of the City University of New York; Liang, Chengdu [ORNL

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Stability from Instability: A Li7P2S8I solid state Li-ion conductor derived from -Li3PS4 and LiI demonstrates exceptional electrochemical stability. The oxidation instability of I is subverted nullified via its incorporation into the coordinated structure. The inclusion of I also creates stability with metallic Li anode while simultaneously improving the interfacial kinetics. Low temperature membrane processability enables facile fabrication of dense membranes, making it suitable for industrial adoption.

  2. High Voltage Electrolytes for Li-ion Batteries

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Program 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 0 0.5 1 1.5 CapacitymAh 80th 1st 50th 1.0 m LiPF 6 in ECEMC (30:70) with 1% ARL-3 on LiNi 0.5 Mn 1.5 O 4 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 0 0.5 1 1.5 CapacitymAh...

  3. High Voltage Electrolytes for Li-ion Batteries

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    long cycling 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 0 0.5 1 1.5 CapacitymAh 80th 1st 50th 1.0 m LiPF 6 in ECEMC (30:70) with 1% ARL-3 on LiNi 0.5 Mn 1.5 O 4 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 0 0.5 1 1.5 CapacitymAh...

  4. Interactions of Relativistic $^6$Li Nuclei with Photoemulsion Nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adamovich, M I; Larionova, V G; Peresadko, N G; Kharlamov, S P; Bogdanov, V G; Plyushchev, V A; Solovyeva, Z I; 10.1063/S6208-1378(99)007788

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Inelastic interactions of nuclei accelerated to a momentum of 4.5 GeV/$c$ per projectile nucleon with photoemulsion nuclei have been investigated. The main features of these interactions - mean ranges of $^6$Li nuclei, mean multiplicities of secondaries, the isotopic composition of fragments, fragmentation channels, and the mean transverse momenta of projectile fragments - have been measured. The probability of the charge-exchange reaction featuring lithium nuclei has been determined. The results obtained for the $^6$Li nucleus have been compared with data for other nuclei. The observed features of $^6$Li interactions with other nuclei indicate that the $^6$Li structure in the form of the loosely bound system consisting of an $\\alpha$-particle and a deuteron cluster clearly manifests itself in these interactions. Events resulting in the coherent dissociation of $^6$Li nuclei into $^4$He+$d$, $^3$He+$t$, and $t+d+p$ and involving low-lying excitations of $^6$Li have been observed.

  5. Interactions of Relativistic $^6$Li Nuclei with Photoemulsion Nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. I. Adamovich; I. A. Konorov; V. G. Larionova; N. G. Peresadko; S. P. Kharlamov; V. G. Bogdanov; V. A. Plyushchev; Z. I. Solovyeva

    2011-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Inelastic interactions of nuclei accelerated to a momentum of 4.5 GeV/$c$ per projectile nucleon with photoemulsion nuclei have been investigated. The main features of these interactions - mean ranges of $^6$Li nuclei, mean multiplicities of secondaries, the isotopic composition of fragments, fragmentation channels, and the mean transverse momenta of projectile fragments - have been measured. The probability of the charge-exchange reaction featuring lithium nuclei has been determined. The results obtained for the $^6$Li nucleus have been compared with data for other nuclei. The observed features of $^6$Li interactions with other nuclei indicate that the $^6$Li structure in the form of the loosely bound system consisting of an $\\alpha$-particle and a deuteron cluster clearly manifests itself in these interactions. Events resulting in the coherent dissociation of $^6$Li nuclei into $^4$He+$d$, $^3$He+$t$, and $t+d+p$ and involving low-lying excitations of $^6$Li have been observed.

  6. Lithium hydroxide, LiOH, at elevated densities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hermann, Andreas [School of Physics and Astronomy and Centre for Science at Extreme Conditions, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JZ (United Kingdom); Ashcroft, N. W. [Laboratory of Atomic and Solid State Physics, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States); Hoffmann, Roald [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States)

    2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the high-pressure phases of crystalline lithium hydroxide, LiOH. Using first-principles calculations, and assisted by evolutionary structure searches, we reproduce the experimentally known phase transition under pressure, but we suggest that the high-pressure phase LiOH-III be assigned to a new hydrogen-bonded tetragonal structure type that is unique amongst alkali hydroxides. LiOH is at the intersection of both ionic and hydrogen bonding, and we examine the various ensuing structural features and their energetic driving mechanisms. At P = 17 GPa, we predict another phase transition to a new phase, Pbcm-LiOH-IV, which we find to be stable over a wide pressure range. Eventually, at extremely high pressures of 1100 GPa, the ground state of LiOH is predicted to become a polymeric structure with an unusual graphitic oxygen-hydrogen net. However, because of its ionic character, the anticipated metallization of LiOH is much delayed; in fact, its electronic band gap increases monotonically into the TPa pressure range.

  7. Identity of Passive Film Formed on Aluminum in Li-ion BatteryElectrolytes with LiPF6

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Xueyuan; Devine, T.M.

    2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The passive film that forms on aluminum in 1:1 ethylene carbonate + ethylmethyl carbonate with 1.2M LiPF{sub 6} and 1:1 ethylene carbonate + dimethyl carbonate with 1.0M LiPF{sub 6} was investigated by a combination of electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance measurements (EQCM), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. During anodic polarization of aluminum a film of AlF{sub 3} forms on top of the air-formed oxide, creating a duplex, or two-layered film. The thickness of the AlF{sub 3} increases with the applied potential. Independent measurements of film thickness by EQCM and EIS indicate that at a potential of 5.5V vs. Li/Li{sup +}, the thickness of the AlF{sub 3} is approximately 1 nm.

  8. Structural Evolution and Li Dynamics in Nanophase Li3PS4 by Solid-State and Pulsed Field Gradient NMR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gobet, Mallory [Hunter College of the City University of New York] [Hunter College of the City University of New York; Greenbaum, Steve [Hunter College of the City University of New York] [Hunter College of the City University of New York; Sahu, Gayatri [ORNL] [ORNL; Liang, Chengdu [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ceramic lithium ion conductor -Li3PS4 has a disordered and nanoporous structure that leads to an enhancement in ionic conductivity by some three orders of magnitude compared to the crystalline phase. The phase is prepared by thermal treatment of an inorganic-organic complex based on Li3PS4 and THF. Multinuclear (1H, 6,7Li, 31P) solid state NMR spectroscopy is used to characterize the structural phase evolution of the starting material at various steps in the thermal treatment. The phase formed after high temperature treatment is recognized as spectroscopically distinct from the bulk -Li3PS4 compound. Also formed is an amorphous lithium thiophosphate phase that is metastable as verified by annealing over an extended period. Lithium ion self-diffusion coefficients are measurable by standard pulsed gradient NMR methods at 100oC and with values consistent with the high ionic conductivity previously reported for this material.

  9. The partially reversible formation of Li-metal particles on a solid Li electrolyte: applications toward nanobatteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arruda, Thomas M [ORNL; Kumar, Amit [ORNL; Kalinin, Sergei V [ORNL; Jesse, Stephen [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The feasibility of large-scale implementation of Li-air batteries (LABs) hinges on understanding the thermodynamic and kinetic factors that control charge-discharge rates, efficiency and life times. Here, the kinetics of bias-induced reactions is explored locally on the surface of Li-ion conductive glass ceramics, a preferred electrolyte for LABs, using direct current-voltage and strain spectroscopies. Above a critical bias, particle growth kinetics were found to be linear in both the bias and time domains. Partial reversibility was observed for Li particles as evidenced by the presence of anodic peaks following the Li{sup +} reduction, as well an associated reduction in particle height. The degree of reversibility was highest for the smallest particles formed. These observations thus suggest the possibility of producing nanobatteries with an active anode volume of the order of 0.1 al.

  10. http://lez1.pppl.gov/pub/LiMagPropulsion.ps http://lez1.pppl.gov/pub/LiMagPropulsion.pdf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zakharov, Leonid E.

    http://lez1.pppl.gov/pub/LiMagPropulsion.ps http://lez1.pppl.gov/pub/LiMagPropulsion.pdf Magnetic propulsion for driving liquid Li walls L. E. Zakharov, PPPL Background: The mechanism of magnetic propulsion the technical aspects of magnetic propulsion, the issues and the necessary R & D. Electro-magnetic propulsion

  11. Structural and Electrochemical Characterization of PureLiFePO4and Nanocomposite C-LiFePO4Cathodes for Lithium Ion Rechargeable Batteries

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Kumar, Arun; Thomas, R.; Karan, N. K.; Saavedra-Arias, J. J.; Singh, M. K.; Majumder, S. B.; Tomar, M. S.; Katiyar, R. S.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pure lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) and carbon-coatedLiFePO4(C-LiFePO4) cathode materials were synthesized for Li-ion batteries. Structural and electrochemical properties of these materials were compared. X-ray diffraction revealed orthorhombic olivine structure. Micro-Raman scattering analysis indicates amorphous carbon, and TEM micrographs show carbon coating onLiFePO4particles. Ex situ Raman spectrum of C-LiFePO4at various stages of charging and discharging showed reversibility upon electrochemical cycling. The cyclic voltammograms ofLiFePO4and C-LiFePO4showed only a pair of peaks corresponding to the anodic and cathodic reactions. The first discharge capacities were 63, 43, and 13?mAh/g for C/5, C/3, and C/2, respectively forLiFePO4where as in case of C-LiFePO4that were 163, 144,more »118, and 70?mAh/g for C/5, C/3, C/2, and 1C, respectively. The capacity retention of pureLiFePO4was 69% after 25 cycles where as that of C-LiFePO4was around 97% after 50 cycles. These results indicate that the capacity and the rate capability improved significantly upon carbon coating.« less

  12. The interference effect of laser-assisted bremsstrahlung emission in Coulomb fields of Ankang Li, Jiaxiang Wang, Na Ren, Pingxiao Wang, Wenjun Zhu, Xiaoya Li, Ross Hoehn, and Sabre Kais

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kais, Sabre

    Ankang Li, Jiaxiang Wang, Na Ren, Pingxiao Wang, Wenjun Zhu, Xiaoya Li, Ross Hoehn, and Sabre Kais Li,3 Ross Hoehn,4 and Sabre Kais4,5 1 State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy and Department

  13. High Performance Cathodes for Li-Air Batteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xing, Yangchuan

    2013-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall objective of this project was to develop and fabricate a multifunctional cathode with high activities in acidic electrolytes for the oxygen reduction and evolution reactions for Li-air batteries. It should enable the development of Li-air batteries that operate on hybrid electrolytes, with acidic catholytes in particular. The use of hybrid electrolytes eliminates the problems of lithium reaction with water and of lithium oxide deposition in the cathode with sole organic electrolytes. The use of acid electrolytes can eliminate carbonate formation inside the cathode, making air breathing Li-air batteries viable. The tasks of the project were focused on developing hierarchical cathode structures and bifunctional catalysts. Development and testing of a prototype hybrid Li-air battery were also conducted. We succeeded in developing a hierarchical cathode structure and an effective bifunctional catalyst. We accomplished integrating the cathode with existing anode technologies and made a pouch prototype Li-air battery using sulfuric acid as catholyte. The battery cathodes contain a nanoscale multilayer structure made with carbon nanotubes and nanofibers. The structure was demonstrated to improve battery performance substantially. The bifunctional catalyst developed contains a conductive oxide support with ultra-low loading of platinum and iridium oxides. The work performed in this project has been documented in seven peer reviewed journal publications, five conference presentations, and filing of two U.S. patents. Technical details have been documented in the quarterly reports to DOE during the course of the project.

  14. Comparison of LiMnPO4 made by Combustion and Hydrothermal Syntheses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Jiajun

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of nanosized LiMnPO 4 by combustion synthesis Figure 2. X-a) nanometric LiMnPO 4 made by combustion synthesis and b)typically formed by combustion synthesis. The average

  15. Comparison of LiMnPO4 made by Combustion and Hydrothermal Syntheses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Jiajun

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of nanosized LiMnPO 4 by combustion synthesis Figure 2. X-a) nanometric LiMnPO 4 made by combustion synthesis and b)typically formed by combustion synthesis. The average

  16. Investigation of Mechanical Activation on Li-N-H Systems Using...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    resolution in the 6Li MAS NMR spectra of Li-N-H systems at ultra-high field of 21.1 tesla is exploited, for the first time, to study the detailed electronic and chemical...

  17. Hollow Core-Shell Structured Porous Si-C Nanocomposites for Li...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hollow Core-Shell Structured Porous Si-C Nanocomposites for Li-Ion Battery Anodes. Hollow Core-Shell Structured Porous Si-C Nanocomposites for Li-Ion Battery Anodes. Abstract:...

  18. Effects of Laser Energy and Wavelength on the Analysis of LiFePO4...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Laser Energy and Wavelength on the Analysis of LiFePO4 Using Laser Assisted Atom Probe Tomography. Effects of Laser Energy and Wavelength on the Analysis of LiFePO4 Using Laser...

  19. Stability of polymer binders in Li-O2 batteries. | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Stability of polymer binders in Li-O2 batteries. Stability of polymer binders in Li-O2 batteries. Abstract: A number of polymers with various chemical structures were studied as...

  20. Effects of electrolyte salts on the performance of Li-O2 batteries...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    electrolyte salts on the performance of Li-O2 batteries. Effects of electrolyte salts on the performance of Li-O2 batteries. Abstract: It is well known that the stability of...

  1. Preparation and electrochemical investigation of Li2CoPO4F cathode...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    electrochemical investigation of Li2CoPO4F cathode material forlithium-ion batteries. Preparation and electrochemical investigation of Li2CoPO4F cathode material forlithium-ion...

  2. Investigation of the Rechargeability of Li-O2 Batteries in Non...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the Rechargeability of Li-O2 Batteries in Non-aqueous Electrolyte. Investigation of the Rechargeability of Li-O2 Batteries in Non-aqueous Electrolyte. Abstract: In order to...

  3. A Yolk-Shell Design for Stabilized and Scalable Li-Ion Battery...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Yolk-Shell Design for Stabilized and Scalable Li-Ion Battery Alloy Anodes. A Yolk-Shell Design for Stabilized and Scalable Li-Ion Battery Alloy Anodes. Abstract: Silicon is...

  4. BornOppenheimer breakdown in a combined-isotopomer analysis system of Li2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Le Roy, Robert J.

    of 6,7 Li2 , and new Fourier transform data for the homonuclear lithium dimers. They are combined nonhydride systems for studying such interactions. Moreover, in view of the prominence of Li2 in studies

  5. Li+ alumino-silicate ion source development for the Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment (NDCX-II)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, P.K.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LBNL-3748E Li+ alumino-silicate ion source development for05CH11231. Li + alumino-silicate ion source development forlithium from the alumino-silicate material either as ions or

  6. Revisit Carbon/Sulfur Composite for Li-S Batteries. | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Revisit CarbonSulfur Composite for Li-S Batteries. Revisit CarbonSulfur Composite for Li-S Batteries. Abstract: To correlate the carbon properties e.g. surface area and porous...

  7. Template Free Synthesis of LiV3O8 Nanorods as a Cathode Material...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Free Synthesis of LiV3O8 Nanorods as a Cathode Material for High-Rate Secondary Lithium Batteries . Template Free Synthesis of LiV3O8 Nanorods as a Cathode Material for...

  8. Lithium fluoride (LiF) crystal for parametric X-ray (PXR) production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danon, Yaron

    Lithium fluoride (LiF) crystal for parametric X-ray (PXR) production B. Sones *, Y. Danon, R 2004 Abstract Parametric X-ray (PXR) production is reported using lithium fluoride (LiF) as a target

  9. Nanosheet-structured LiV3O8 with high capacity and excellent...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nanosheet-structured LiV3O8 with high capacity and excellent stability for high energy lithium batteries . Nanosheet-structured LiV3O8 with high capacity and excellent stability...

  10. Advanced Li-Ion Polymer Battery Cell Manufacturing Plant in USA...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Li-Ion Polymer Battery Cell Manufacturing Plant in USA Advanced Li-Ion Polymer Battery Cell Manufacturing Plant in USA 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle...

  11. Low-Cost Graphite and Olivine-Based Materials for Li-Ion Batteries...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Graphite and Olivine-Based Materials for Li-Ion Batteries Low-Cost Graphite and Olivine-Based Materials for Li-Ion Batteries Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of Vehicle...

  12. Development of Cell/Pack Level Models for Automotive Li-Ion Batteries...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CellPack Level Models for Automotive Li-Ion Batteries with Experimental Validation Development of CellPack Level Models for Automotive Li-Ion Batteries with Experimental...

  13. Guide to Developing Air-Cooled Lithium Bromide (LiBr) Absorption...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Guide to Developing Air-Cooled Lithium Bromide (LiBr) Absorption for CHP Applications, April 2005 Guide to Developing Air-Cooled Lithium Bromide (LiBr) Absorption for CHP...

  14. Alternating magnetic anisotropy of Li 2 ( Li 1 - x T x ) N ( T = Mn , Fe , Co , and Ni )

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Jesche, A.; Ke, L.; Jacobs, J. L.; Harmon, B.; Houk, R. S.; Canfield, P. C.

    2015-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Substantial amounts of the transition metals Mn, Fe, Co, and Ni can be substituted for Li in single crystalline Li?(Li1-xTx)N. Isothermal and temperature-dependent magnetization measurements reveal local magnetic moments with magnitudes significantly exceeding the spin-only value. The additional contributions stem from unquenched orbital moments that lead to rare-earth-like behavior of the magnetic properties. Accordingly, extremely large magnetic anisotropies have been found. Most notably, the magnetic anisotropy alternates as easy plane?easy axis?easy plane?easy axis when progressing from T = Mn ? Fe ? Co ? Ni. This behavior can be understood based on a perturbation approach in an analytical, single-ion model. The calculated magnetic anisotropies show surprisingly good agreement with the experiment and capture the basic features observed for the different transition metals.

  15. Alternating magnetic anisotropy of Li 2 ( Li 1 - x T x ) N ( T = Mn , Fe , Co , and Ni )

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Jesche, A.; Ke, L.; Jacobs, J. L.; Harmon, B.; Houk, R. S.; Canfield, P. C.

    2015-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Substantial amounts of the transition metals Mn, Fe, Co, and Ni can be substituted for Li in single crystalline Li?(Li1-xTx)N. Isothermal and temperature-dependent magnetization measurements reveal local magnetic moments with magnitudes significantly exceeding the spin-only value. The additional contributions stem from unquenched orbital moments that lead to rare-earth-like behavior of the magnetic properties. Accordingly, extremely large magnetic anisotropies have been found. Most notably, the magnetic anisotropy alternates as easy plane?easy axis?easy plane?easy axis when progressing from T = Mn ? Fe ? Co ? Ni. This behavior can be understood based on a perturbation approach in an analytical, single-ion model.more »The calculated magnetic anisotropies show surprisingly good agreement with the experiment and capture the basic features observed for the different transition metals.« less

  16. Passivation of Aluminum in Lithium-ion Battery Electrolytes with LiBOB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xueyuan; Devine, Thomas M.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Aluminum in Lithium-ion Battery Electrolytes with LiBOBin commercially available lithium-ion battery electrolytes,

  17. Rate coefficient for the chemi-ionization in slow Li*(n)+Li and Na*(n)+Na collisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ignjatovic, Lj.M.; Mihajlov, A.A. [Institute of Physics, P. O. Box 68, 11080 Zemun, Belgrade (Serbia and Montenegro)

    2005-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The chemi-ionization processes in slow-atom-Rydberg-atom collisions are considered in this paper. A version of the semiclassical method of rate coefficient calculation that is free of the presumptions which significantly limited its applicability previously is presented. The method is applied to the cases of Li*(n)+Li and Na*(n)+Na collisions for the principal quantum numbers 5{<=}n{<=}25 and temperatures 600{<=}T{<=}1200 K. The results of calculation of the rate coefficients of the corresponding chemi-ionization processes are compared to the existing experimental data from the literature.

  18. Comment on Li pellet conditioning in tokamak fusion test reactor R. V. Budny

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Budny, Robert

    Comment on Li pellet conditioning in tokamak fusion test reactor R. V. Budny Princeton Plasma; published online 9 September 2011) Li pellet conditioning in TFTR results in a reduction of the edge technique for introducing Li is via pellet injection. This was pioneered in ALCATOR- CMOD where it was first

  19. The Leadership Institute (LI) 2011 2012: Description & Application (The Office for Equity & Diversity Learning Communities)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    1 The Leadership Institute (LI) 2011 ­ 2012: Description & Application (The Office for Equity & Diversity Learning Communities) What is the Leadership Institute (LI)? The LI is a unique opportunity for honing your personal leadership capacities to support the University's strategic priorities and diversity

  20. Lithium Ion Solvation: Amine and Unsaturated Hydrocarbon Solvates of Lithium Hexamethyldisilazide (LiHMDS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collum, David B.

    Lithium Ion Solvation: Amine and Unsaturated Hydrocarbon Solvates of Lithium Hexamethyldisilazide, and 13C NMR spectroscopic studies of 6Li-15N labeled lithium hexamethyldisilazide ([6Li,15N]- Li ligand structure and lithium amide aggregation state is a complex and sensitive function of amine alkyl

  1. Passivation of Aluminum in Lithium-ion Battery Electrolytes with LiBOB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xueyuan; Devine, Thomas M.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    pitting corrosion of aluminum in 1M LiTFSI. The protectiveAnodic Polarization of Aluminum in 1:1 EC+DMC with 1M LiBOBdeposited thin film of aluminum in 1:1 EC+DMC with 1M LiBOB.

  2. Impact of Li-6 Enrichment ... -1-MZ. Youssef MZY_APEX_98_2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    Impact of Li-6 Enrichment ... -1- MZ. Youssef MZY_APEX_98_2 APEX Study Memorandum MZY_APEX_98_2 March 24.1998 Title: Impact of Li-6 Enrichment of the Convective Layer on Damage and Heat Deposition_1), the impact of Li-6 enrichment inside the Convective layer (Lithium, Flibe) on the total neutron flux

  3. High Capacity Li Ion Battery Anodes Using Ge Nanowires

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Yi

    High Capacity Li Ion Battery Anodes Using Ge Nanowires Candace K. Chan, Xiao Feng Zhang, and Yi Cui efficiency > 99%. Structural characterization revealed that the Ge nanowires remain intact and connected nanowire anodes are promising candidates for the development of high-energy-density lithium batteries

  4. Basic Notation and Background Chi-Kwong Li

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Chi-Kwong

    and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia, USA; Department of Mathematics, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan Let Mn be the set (vector space/algebra) of n � n matrices. (a) One can perform A + B, AB and µA for A, B Mn and µ C. (b) One can compute the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of A Mn. Chi-Kwong Li Basic

  5. LiU E-Press Newsletter Autumn, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    that virtually all Ph.D., licentiate and undergraduate theses are published on the internet through E at least 90% of the Ph.D. the- ses, licentiate theses and undergraduate theses that are produced at Li publishing of articles. Licentiate theses follow a similar trend (and percentages) to those shown for Ph

  6. MATH 576: Quantitative Risk Management (3 credits) Instructor: Haijun Li

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Haijun

    MATH 576: Quantitative Risk Management (3 credits) Instructor: Haijun Li Office Locations: Neill: Quantitative Risk Management, Ch 1~7, Princeton University Press, New Jersey Course Purpose This course/computational methods in quantitative risk management. Concepts and methods covered in this course can be applied

  7. Neutronic assessment of He-cooled molten Li fusion blanket

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Han, B. [Nuclear Engineering Dept., Seoul National Univ., San 56-1, Shinlim-dong, Kwanak-gu, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Y. [Korea Atomic Energy Research Inst., 150, Deokjin-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Kim, C. H. [Nuclear Engineering Dept., Seoul National Univ., San 56-1, Shinlim-dong, Kwanak-gu, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study is intended to assess overall neutronic performances of He-cooled molten Li (HCML) blanket with a reflector and investigate the impact of {sup 6}Li enrichment on tritium breeding ratio (TBR). To precisely evaluate the neutronic performances of the reflected HCML blanket, three-dimensional D-shape torus model is utilized and Monte-Carlo calculations are performed. In this study, the neutronic characteristics of five potential reflector candidates are compared and the reflected blanket is also optimized from the neutronic point of view. Taking into account the material availability and potential safety features, a high-density graphite reflector can be a practical choice for a high-performance HCML blanket. The graphite-reflected HCML blanket shows the best performances when the reflector is placed such that the blanket is divided into a thick front region and a thin back region. The HCML blanket with a slightly-enriched Li (8-10 wt% {sup 6}Li) breeder shows the highest TBR. (authors)

  8. Overview of design activities for Li/V blankets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sze, D.K.; Mattas, R.F.

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent fusion power plant design studies in the US have been conducted within the ARIES project. The most recent design of Li/V blankets was conducted as part of the ARIES-RS design. The ARIES-RS fusion power plant design study is based on reversed-shear (RS) physics with a Li/V (lithium breeder and vanadium structure) blanket. The reversed-shear discharge has been documented in many large tokamak experiments. The plasma in the RS mode has a high beta, low current, and low current drive requirement. Therefore, it is an attractive physics regime for a fusion power plant. The blanket system based on a Li/V has high temperature operating capability, good tritium breeding, excellent high heat flux removal capability, long structural life time, low activation, low after heat and good safety characteristics. For these reasons, the ARIES-RS reactor study selected Li/V as the reference blanket. The combination of attractive physics and attractive blanket engineering is expected to result in a superior power plant design.

  9. How Many Species Can Two Essential Resources Support? Bingtuan Li #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and for two species to coexist, driving the others to extinction. In case n = 3, it is shown that every extinct. Every solution approaches a single­species or two­species steady state. However, as already notedHow Many Species Can Two Essential Resources Support? Bingtuan Li # Department of Mathematics

  10. Passive Control of Bilateral Teleoperated Manipulators Perry Y. Li

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Perry Y.

    Passive Control of Bilateral Teleoperated Manipulators Perry Y. Li Department of Mechanical of a bilateral teleoperated manipulator system is considered. The goal of the control are to i) coordinate needs to take place and a master manipulator at a possibly remote site under the direct control

  11. Optimal decision making in ventilation control Andrew Kusiak*, Mingyang Li

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kusiak, Andrew

    by heating, ventilating and air- conditioning (HVAC) systems. According to published statistics, HVAC systemsOptimal decision making in ventilation control Andrew Kusiak*, Mingyang Li Department of Mechanical Accepted 24 July 2009 Available online 15 August 2009 Keywords: Ventilation Air quality Multi

  12. Solar Photovoltaic Capacity F t P f d P li

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    6/19/2013 1 Solar Photovoltaic ­ Capacity F t P f d P li Generating Resources Advisory Committee Advisor Model (SAM), version 2013.1.15 Technology: Solar PV (PVWatts system model)Technology: Solar PV (MWh) (First year output, each year thereafter degrades 0.5%) 6 #12;6/19/2013 4 Shape of PNW Solar PV

  13. ARMA systems in wind engineering Yousun Li and A. Kareem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kareem, Ahsan

    ARMA systems in wind engineering Yousun Li and A. Kareem Structural Aerodynamics and Ocean System The time domain solution of the equations of motion of structures subjected to a stochastic wind field histories of the aerodynamic force. Recently, autoregressive and moving average (ARMA) recursive models have

  14. Polymer geometry and Li+ conduction in poly(ethylene oxide)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Averbuch, Amir

    Polymer geometry and Li+ conduction in poly(ethylene oxide) L. Gitelman a , M. Israeli b, , A: Lithium battery Polymer molecule Brownian motion Simulation Conductivity PEO a b s t r a c t We study of the amorphous PE structure is increased by mechanical stretching due to the unraveling of loops in the polymer

  15. -OK 8>00jigLi Metallurgy Department

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -OK 8°>00jigLi 00 tf) Risø-M-28B Metallurgy Department Publications 1988 Risø National Laboratory, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark August 1989 #12;Metallurgy Department Publications 1988 Edited by A by the staffof the Metallurgy Department during 1988 is given. The list comprises journal papers, conference

  16. Magnetic propulsion of liquid Li in tokamaks 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zakharov, Leonid E.

    Magnetic propulsion of liquid Li in tokamaks 1 Leonid E. Zakharov, Princeton University, Princeton of the torus. This effect of magnetic propulsion can be used for developing new approaches for protecting circumference. On the other hand, when the liquid lithium is held in a closed volume, magnetic propulsion

  17. Spring 2014 CISC1600 Yanjun Li 1 Introduction to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yanjun "Lisa"

    units on secondary storage devices (like hard disk and flash dri are the electronic and mechanical parts. hardware devices Keyboard, mouse, etc. Screen (monitor) Disks Memory 2014 CISC1600 Yanjun Li 14 Secondary storage Stores programs or data not currently being used by other

  18. Comment on Li pellet conditioning in tokamak fusion test reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Budny, R. V. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)

    2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Li pellet conditioning in TFTR results in a reduction of the edge electron density which allows increased neutral beam penetration, central heating, and fueling. Consequently, the temperature profiles became more peaked with higher central T{sub i}, T{sub e}, toroidal rotation, and neutron emission rates.

  19. High Voltage Electrolytes for Li-ion Batteries

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    0.992 0.994 0.996 0.998 1 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 Baseline: 1.2 M LiPF 6 in ECEMC (30:70) Baseline + 5 mM PFBP Baseline + 10 mM AFAC Cycle Number ANL LMNOGR Full Cells...

  20. Polymer graphite composite anodes for Li-ion batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Popov, Branko N.

    Polymer graphite composite anodes for Li-ion batteries Basker Veeraraghavan, Bala Haran, Ralph for the graphite particles by in-situ polymerization #12;Experimental Preparation of PPy/Graphite composites Dropwise addition of pyrrole into aqueous slurry of graphite at 0 °C with nitric acid acting as an oxidizer

  1. The Grid Workloads Archive Alexandru Iosup a,, Hui Li b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iosup, Alexandru

    The Grid Workloads Archive Alexandru Iosup a,, Hui Li b , Mathieu Jan a , Shanny Anoep a , Catalin, The Netherlands Abstract While large grids are currently supporting the work of thousands of scientists, very or no traces of grid workloads available to the grid researcher and practitioner. To address this problem

  2. Lithium Lorentz Force Accelerator Thruster (LiLFA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petta, Jason

    Argon Flow Copper Water Flow Piston/Lithium Feeding System Lithium Flow Pipes Heaters Heaters MAI Li procedure · Fire the thruster! #12;Previous Firing #12;Conclusions · Heaters and Thermocouples · Water Vacuum Pumps Thrust Stand Main Tank Water Line In Water Line Out Power Lines Computer Data Acquisition

  3. Theoretical analysis and experiments on antireflection coatings for laser diodes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chin, Kai Jian

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TEIEORETICAL 'NAI. YSIS AND EXPERIMENTS ON ANTIBEFLECTION COATINGS FOR LASER DIODES A Thesis by KAI 3IAN CHIN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AkM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement, for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 19SI Major Subject: Electrical Engineering THEORETICAL ANALYSIS AND EXPERIMENTS ON ANTIREFLECTION COATINGS FOR. LASER DIODES A Thesis KAI JIAN CHIN Approved as to style and content by: Henry . Taylor (Chairman of Committee...

  4. Geomechanical Development of Fractured Reservoirs During Gas Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jian

    2013-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    GEOMECHANICAL DEVELOPMENT OF FRACTURED RESERVOIRS DURING GAS PRODUCTION A Dissertation by JIAN HUANG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... this research work. I would also want to extend my appreciation to my friends and colleagues, Jun Ge, Chakra Rawal, Reza Safari, Sonia Wang, Vahid Serajian, Wenxu Xue and other members in the geomechanics group, who were always willing to help and offer...

  5. A DSP based real time power quality measurement system with voltage distortion improvement capability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gou, Jian

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . (August 1992) Jian Gou, B. S. E. E. , Shanghai Jiao Tong Ilniversity Chair of Advisory Committee. Dr. P. Enjeti The general drive towards automation has increased the use of harmonic generating loads both by residential as well as industrial consumers... The examples of these loads in home and industry are: heating ventilation and air conditioning equipment (HVAC); electric kitchen apphances; electric arc furnaces; variable speed dc and ac drives, etc Since the equipment of this kind provides the users...

  6. Theoretical analysis and experiments on antireflection coatings for laser diodes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chin, Kai Jian

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TEIEORETICAL 'NAI. YSIS AND EXPERIMENTS ON ANTIBEFLECTION COATINGS FOR LASER DIODES A Thesis by KAI 3IAN CHIN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AkM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement, for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 19SI Major Subject: Electrical Engineering THEORETICAL ANALYSIS AND EXPERIMENTS ON ANTIREFLECTION COATINGS FOR. LASER DIODES A Thesis KAI JIAN CHIN Approved as to style and content by: Henry . Taylor (Chairman of Committee...

  7. Doctopic: Condensed physics ARTICLE IN PRESS PLA:18467 Please cite this article in press as: W.-J. Yin, X.-G. Gong, Physics Letters A (2008), doi:10.1016/j.physleta.2008.11.057

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gong, Xingao

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .-J. Yin, X.-G. Gong, Physics Letters A (2008), doi:10.1016/j.physleta.2008.11.057 JID:PLA AID:18467 /SCO energy functional for orbital-free density functional method Wan-Jian Yin, Xin-Gao Gong Surface Science. Tel.: +86 21 65650910; fax: +86 21 65650911. E-mail address: xggong@fudan.edu.cn (X.-G. Gong

  8. Solar Phys (2011) 274:321344 DOI 10.1007/s11207-011-9737-2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Solar Phys (2011) 274:321­344 DOI 10.1007/s11207-011-9737-2 THE SUN­EARTH CONNECTION NEAR SOLAR MINIMUM Comparing Solar Minimum 23/24 with Historical Solar Wind Records at 1 AU L.K. Jian · C.T. Russell on the variations of sunspot numbers, we choose a 1-year interval at each solar minimum from the beginning

  9. Identification of a Pool of Non-Pumping Na/K-ATPase* Man Liang1,3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brand, Paul H.

    Identification of a Pool of Non-Pumping Na/K-ATPase* Man Liang1,3 , Jiang Tian1,3 , Lijun Liu1 Title: Non-pumping Na/K-ATPase 4 To whom correspondence should be addressed: Zi-Jian Xie, Ph-383-4182; FAX: 419-383-2871 E-mail: zxie@meduohio.edu Summary Recent studies have ascribed many non-pumping

  10. Method for treating electrolyte to remove Li{sub 2}O

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tomczuk, Z.; Miller, W.E.; Johnson, G.K.; Willit, J.L.

    1998-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A method is described for removing Li{sub 2}O present in an electrolyte predominantly of LiCl and KCl. The electrolyte is heated to a temperature not less than about 500 C and then Al is introduced into the electrolyte in an amount in excess of the stoichiometric amount needed to convert the Li{sub 2}O to a Li-Al alloy and lithium aluminate salt. The salt and aluminum are maintained in contact with agitation for a time sufficient to convert the Li{sub 2}O.

  11. Modeling the interface of Li metal and Li solid electrolytes from first principles Nicholas Lepley, N. A. W. Holzwarth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holzwarth, Natalie

    battery electrolytes. Simplified theoretical models often fail to agree with experimental observations are of considerable interest for Li-ion battery applications, both for their use as thin films capable of passivating." Physical Review B 88.10 (2013): 104103. 2. Kuwata, Naoaki, et al. "Characterization of thin-film lithium

  12. Effect of mineralogy, salinity, and temperature on Li/Ca and Li isotope composition of calcium carbonate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Gideon

    during growth of calcium carbonate. This study improves such understanding with two sets of new). This suggests little biological control during Li incorporation into biogenic calcium carbonates. The difference­15 www.elsevier.com/locate/chemgeo #12;1. Introduction Natural calcium carbonate may provide an archive

  13. Maximum Li storage in Si nanowires for the high capacity three-dimensional Li-ion battery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jo, Moon-Ho

    , such as fuel cells and secondary batteries. Here we report a coin-type Si nanowire NW half-cell Li-ion battery is the central research subject in various energy conversion systems, such as solar cells, fuel cells must be optimally coordinated.7 In this respect, Si nanowire NW arrays can serve as the high capacity

  14. Corrosion and anodic behavior of lithium in solutions of the system LiC1-LiOH-H/sub 2/O

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Konstantinova, M.V.; Demidov, A.I.; Morachevskii, A.G.

    1986-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The study of the electrochemical behavior of lithium in aqueous electrolyte solutions is of interest to the development of water-activated electrochemical cells. This paper reports the results of a study of the electrochemical behavior of lithium in solutions of the system LiC1-LiOH-H/sub 2/O ( /SUP m/ LiC1 = 0.4-1.2, /SUP m/ LiOH = 3.1-4.2, where m is the molality) at 298 K. Solutions of the specificed compositions have the highest conductivity in this system. The LiC1 and LiOH concentrations in solutions of the specified compositions were found by analytical determination of their chloride and hydroxide ion contents. The investigations show that addition of lithium chloride to the LiOH-H/sub 2/O electrolyte lowers the rate of lithium corrosion in solution by a factor of 1.5-4. The influence of added LiC1 on the corrosion rate of the metal is stronger in electrolytes of lower LiOH concentrations.

  15. Identifying the structure of the intermediate, Li_2/3CoPO_4, formed during electrochemical cycling of LiCoPO_4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strobridge, Fiona C.; Clément, Raphaële J.; Leskes, Michal; Middlemiss, Derek S.; Borkiewicz, Olaf J.; Wiaderek, Kamila M.; Chapman, Karena W.; Chupas, Peter J.; Grey, Clare P.

    2014-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Ah/g (compared to the practical capacity of 140 mAh/g for LiCoO2, 3 the commonly used cathode in the portable communications industry). However, the low operating voltage of LiFePO4 leads to an energy density that is considered low for use in electric... in situ cell in an argon-filled glove box, using Li metal as the counter electrode, a Whatman GF/B borosilicate microfiber filter as the separator, and 1 M LiPF6 solution in a 1:1 mixture of ethylene car- bonate/dimethyl carbonate as the electrolyte...

  16. Structural Underpinnings of the Enhanced Cycling Stability upon Al-Substitution in LiNi0.45Mn0.45Co0.1-yAlyO2 Positive Electrode Materials for Li-ion Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conry, Thomas E.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    materials for Li-ion batteries Thomas E. Conry, a,b Apurvamaterials in Li-ion batteries. Synchrotron-based high-materials for Li-ion batteries. LiNi z Mn z Co 1-2z O 2 (NMC

  17. mRNA Transcript Abundance during Plant Growth and the Influence of Li+ Exposure

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Duff, M. C.; Kuhne, W. W.; Halverson, N.; Chang, C. -S.; Kitamura, E.; Hawthorn, L.; Milliken, C. E.; Caldwell, E. F.; Stieve-Caldwell, E.; Martinez, N. E.; et al

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lithium (Li) toxicity in plants is, at a minimum, a function of Li+ concentration, exposure time, species and growth conditions. Most plant studies with Li+ focus on short-term acute exposures. This study examines short- and long-term effects of Li+ exposure in Arabidopsis with Li+ uptake studies and measured shoot mRNA transcript abundance levels in treated and control plants. Stress, pathogen-response and arabinogalactan protein genes were typically more up-regulated in older (chronic, low level) Li+-treatment plants and in the much younger plants from acute high-level exposures. The gene regulation behavior of high-level Li+ resembled prior studies due to its influence on:more »inositol synthesis, 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthases and membrane ion transport. In contrast, chronically-exposed plants had gene regulation responses that were indicative of pathogen, cold, and heavy-metal stress, cell wall degradation, ethylene production, signal transduction, and calcium-release modulation. Acute Li+ exposure phenocopies magnesium-deficiency symptoms and is associated with elevated expression of stress response genes that could lead to consumption of metabolic and transcriptional energy reserves and the dedication of more resources to cell development. In contrast, chronic Li+ exposure increases expression signal transduction genes. The identification of new Li+-sensitive genes and a gene-based “response plan” for acute and chronic Li+ exposure are delineated.« less

  18. mRNA Transcript Abundance during Plant Growth and the Influence of Li+ Exposure

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Duff, M. C. [Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC (United States); Kuhne, W. W. [Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC (United States); Halverson, N. [Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC (United States); Chang, C. -S. [Georgia Regents University Cancer Center, Augusta, GA (United States). Integrated Genomics Core; Kitamura, E. [Georgia Regents University Cancer Center, Augusta, GA (United States). Integrated Genomics Core; Hawthorn, L. [Georgia Regents University Cancer Center, Augusta, GA (United States). Integrated Genomics Core; Milliken, C. E. [Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC (United States); Caldwell, E. F. [Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC (United States); Stieve-Caldwell, E. [Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC (United States); Martinez, N. E. [Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC (United States); Colorado State University, Ft. Collins, CO (United States). Dept. of Environmental and Radiological Health Sciences; Stafford, C. [Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC (United States); Univ. of South Carolina Medical School, Columbia, SC (United States)

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lithium (Li) toxicity in plants is, at a minimum, a function of Li+ concentration, exposure time, species and growth conditions. Most plant studies with Li+ focus on short-term acute exposures. This study examines short- and long-term effects of Li+ exposure in Arabidopsis with Li+ uptake studies and measured shoot mRNA transcript abundance levels in treated and control plants. Stress, pathogen-response and arabinogalactan protein genes were typically more up-regulated in older (chronic, low level) Li+-treatment plants and in the much younger plants from acute high-level exposures. The gene regulation behavior of high-level Li+ resembled prior studies due to its influence on: inositol synthesis, 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthases and membrane ion transport. In contrast, chronically-exposed plants had gene regulation responses that were indicative of pathogen, cold, and heavy-metal stress, cell wall degradation, ethylene production, signal transduction, and calcium-release modulation. Acute Li+ exposure phenocopies magnesium-deficiency symptoms and is associated with elevated expression of stress response genes that could lead to consumption of metabolic and transcriptional energy reserves and the dedication of more resources to cell development. In contrast, chronic Li+ exposure increases expression signal transduction genes. The identification of new Li+-sensitive genes and a gene-based “response plan” for acute and chronic Li+ exposure are delineated.

  19. Effect of LiAlO{sub 2} nanoparticle filler concentration on the electrical properties of PEO–LiClO{sub 4} composite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Masoud, E.M., E-mail: emad_masoud1981@yahoo.com [Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Benha University, Benha (Egypt); El-Bellihi, A.-A.; Bayoumy, W.A.; Mousa, M.A. [Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Benha University, Benha (Egypt)

    2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: ? Structural modification of nano LiAlO{sub 2} filler increased conductivity. ? Good ionic conductivity for (LiAlO{sub 2}){sub 1.5}(PEO){sub 11}(LiClO{sub 4}) at room temperature. ? Nano LiAlO{sub 2} filler enhanced both ion migration and orientation. ? High dielectric properties for (LiAlO{sub 2}){sub 1.5}(PEO){sub 11}(LiClO{sub 4}) at room temperature. - Abstract: Nano-composite polymer electrolytes are receiving attention as potential candidates to be used as electrolyte membranes in lithium polymer batteries and other devices. In this work, polyethylene oxide–LiClO{sub 4} based composite polymer electrolyte was prepared by solution casting method. The effect of LiAlO{sub 2} nanoparticle ceramic filler concentration on the structure and electrical conduction of the composite was studied. Nano-LiAlO{sub 2} was synthesized by sol–gel method. The samples were characterized using X-ray diffraction, Fourier Transmission-Infra Red, Differential Scanning Calorimetry, and tested by dielectric properties, Direct and Alternating current measurements as well as by impedance spectroscopy. All samples showed a behavior referring to an ionic conduction. Generally, the melting temperature of the polymer electrolyte decreased with filler concentration. Both thermal property and filler concentration influenced conductivity value. At room temperature, the highest ionic conductivity was 9.76 × 10{sup ?5} ohm{sup ?1} cm{sup ?1} for sample with a composition of (LiAlO{sub 2}){sub 1.5}(polyethylene oxide){sub 11}(LiClO{sub 4}). All results were correlated and discussed.

  20. Corrosion behavior of 8090 Al-Li alloy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu, Z.Q.; Zhang, Y.; Liu, Y.L. (Academia Sinica, Shenyang (China). Inst. of Metal Research); Zhu, Z.Y. (Academia Sinica, Shenyang (China). Inst. of Corrosion and Protection of Metals)

    1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An evaluation was conducted of the corrosion behavior of 8090 aluminum-lithium (Al-Li) alloy (UNS A98090), when aged under various conditions and subjected to corrosion in a solution of 3.5% NaCl + 1% H[sub 2]O[sub 2]. Susceptibility to pitting, intergranular corrosion, and exfoliation corrosion was shown to be influenced by heat treatment, which reduced from natural aging, through overaging to peak aging, Materials with peak aging showed low corrosion resistance. The decreased corrosion resistance corresponded to decreased corrosion potential of the alloy. Insoluble constituents were susceptible to corrosion. The corrosion extended along grain boundaries. Al-Li alloys showed mismatched tensile strength and stress corrosion resistance. The growth rate of stress corrosion cracks was large in the peak-aged state. The growth rate was strengthened by overaging, but tensile strength was reduced. That problem was solved by retrogression and reaging processing.

  1. Subbarrier fusion of {sup 9}Li with {sup 70}Zn

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loveland, W.; Vinodkumar, A. M.; Naik, R. S.; Sprunger, P. H.; Matteson, B.; Neeway, J. [Department of Chemistry, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331 (United States); Trinczek, M.; Dombsky, M.; Machule, P.; Ottewell, D. [TRIUMF, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 2A3 (Canada); Cross, D. [TRIUMF, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 2A3 (Canada); Department of Chemistry, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, V5A 1S6 (Canada); Gagnon, K.; Mills, W. J. [TRIUMF, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 2A3 (Canada); Department of Physics, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, V5A 1S6 (Canada)

    2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The cross section for the fusion of {sup 9}Li with {sup 70}Zn was measured for seven projectile energies spanning the subbarrier and near-barrier region (E{sub c.m.} ranging from 9.7 to 13.4 MeV) using the ISAC facility at TRIUMF. {gamma}-ray spectroscopy of the irradiated target foils along with {beta} counting of the chemically separated Ge and As evaporation residues were used to measure the fusion cross sections. Statistical model calculations were used to correct for the yields of any unobserved nuclei. The observed fusion excitation function shows significant subbarrier fusion enhancement with a large deduced value of the fusion radius, R{sub B}=12.1{+-}1.0 fm. Coupled-channels calculations do not account for the observed subbarrier enhancement. The implications of this finding for understanding the fusion of {sup 11}Li are discussed.

  2. Google:[Leonid Zakharov] http://w3.pppl.gov/~zakharov The LiWall Fusion (LiWF) Concept

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zakharov, Leonid E.

    Google:[Leonid Zakharov] http://w3.pppl.gov/~zakharov The LiWall Fusion (LiWF) Concept (part I Seminar, ASIPP July 07, 2008, Hefei, Ahnui, China 1 This work is supported by US DoE contract No. DE­AC020. Zakharov, ASIPP Seminar, July 07, 2008, ASIPP Hefei, Anhui Province, ChinaPRINCETON PLASMA PHYSICS

  3. Solvate Structures and Computational/Spectroscopic Characterization of LiBF4 Electrolytes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seo, D. M.; Boyle, Paul D.; Allen, Joshua L.; Han, Sang D.; Jonsson , Erlendur; Johansson, Patrik; Henderson, Wesley A.

    2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Crystal structures have been determined for both LiBF4 and HBF4 solvates?(acetonitrile)2:LiBF4, (ethylene glycol diethyl ether)1:LiBF4, (diethylene glycol diethyl ether)1:LiBF4, (tetrahydrofuran)1:LiBF4, (methyl methoxyacetate)1:LiBF4, (suc-cinonitrile)1:LiBF4, (N,N,N',N",N"-pentamethyldiethylenetriamine)1:HBF4, (N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylenediamine)3/2:HBF4 and (phenanthroline)2:HBF4. These, as well as other known LiBF4 solvate structures, have been characterized by Raman vibrational spectroscopy to unambiguously assign the anion Raman band positions to specific forms of BF4-...Li+ cation coordination. In addition, complementary DFT calculations of BF4-...Li+ cation complexes have provided additional insight into the challenges associated with accurately interpreting the anion interactions from experimental Raman spectra. This information provides a crucial tool for the characterization of the ionic association interactions within electrolytes.

  4. Thermal characterization of Li-ion cells using calorimetric techniques

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ROTH,EMANUEL P.

    2000-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The thermal stability of Li-ion cells with intercalating carbon anodes and metal oxide cathodes was measured as a function of state of charge and temperature for two advanced cell chemistries. Cells of the 18650 design with Li{sub x}CoO{sub 2} cathodes (commercial Sony cells) and Li{sub x}Ni{sub 0.8}Co{sub 0.2}O{sub 2} cathodes were measured for thermal reactivity. Accelerating rate calorimetry (ARC) was used to measure cell thermal runaway as a function of state of charge (SOC), microcalorimetry was used to measure the time dependence of thermal output, and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was used to study the thermal reactivity of the individual components. Thermal decomposition of the anode solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) layer occurred at low temperatures and contributes to the initiation of thermal runaway. Low temperature reactions from 40 C--70 C were observed during the ARC runs that were SOC dependent. These reactions measured in the microcalorimeter decayed over time with power-law dependence and were highly sensitive to SOC and temperature. ARC runs of aged and cycled cells showed complete absence of these low-temperature reactions but showed abrupt exothermic spikes between 105--135 C. These results suggest that during aging the anode SEI layer is decomposing from a metastable state to a stable composition that is breaking down at elevated temperatures.

  5. Anomalous high ionic conductivity of nanoporous -Li3PS4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Zengcai [ORNL] [ORNL; Fu, Wujun [ORNL] [ORNL; Payzant, E Andrew [ORNL] [ORNL; Yu, Xiang [ORNL] [ORNL; Wu, Zili [ORNL] [ORNL; Dudney, Nancy J [ORNL] [ORNL; Kiggans, Jim [ORNL] [ORNL; Hong, Kunlun [ORNL] [ORNL; Rondinone, Adam Justin [ORNL; Liang, Chengdu [ORNL] [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lithium-ion conducting solid electrolytes hold the promise for enabling high-energy battery chemistries and circumventing safety issues of conventional lithium batteries1-3. Achieving the combination of high ionic conductivity and broad electrochemical window in solid electrolytes is a grand challenge for the synthesis of battery materials. Herein we show an enhancement of room-temperature lithium-ion conductivity of 3 orders of magnitude by creating nanostructured Li3PS4. This material has a wide (5V) electrochemical window and superior chemical stability against lithium metal. The nanoporous structure of Li3PS4 reconciles two vital effects that enhance ionic conductivity: (1) The reduced dimension to nanometer-sized framework stabilizes the high conduction beta phase that occurs at elevated temperatures1,4; and (2) The high surface-to-bulk ratio of nanoporous -Li3PS4 promotes surface conduction5,6. Manipulating the ionic conductivity of solid electrolytes has far-reaching implications for materials design and synthesis in a broad range of applications such as batteries, fuel-cells, sensors, photovoltaic systems, and so forth3,7.

  6. Revisit Carbon/Sulfur Composite for Li-S Batteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zheng, Jianming; Gu, Meng; Wagner, Michael J.; Hays, Kevin; Li, Xiaohong S.; Zuo, Pengjian; Wang, Chong M.; Zhang, Jiguang; Liu, Jun; Xiao, Jie

    2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

    To correlate the carbon properties e.g. surface area and porous structure, with the electrochemical behaviors of carbon/sulfur (C/S) composite cathodes for lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries, four different carbon frameworks including Ketjen Black (KB, high surface area and porous), Graphene (high surface area and nonporous), Acetylene Black (AB, low surface area and nonporous) and Hollow Carbon Nano Sphere (HCNS, low surface area and porous) are employed to immobilize sulfur (80 wt.%). It has been revealed that high surface area of carbon improves the utilization rate of active sulfur and decreases the real current density during the electrochemical reactions. Accordingly, increased reversible capacities and reduced polarization are observed for high surface area carbon hosts such as KB/S and graphene/S composites. The porous structure of KB or HCNS matrix promotes the long-term cycling stability of C/S composites but only at relatively low rate (0.2 C). Once the current density increases, the pore effect completely disappears and all Li-S batteries show similar trend of capacity degradation regardless of the different carbon hosts used in the cathodes. The reason has been assigned to the formation of reduced amount of irreversible Li2S on the cathode as well as shortened time for polysulfides to transport towards lithium anode at elevated current densities. This work provides valuable information for predictive selection on carbon materials to construct C/S composite for practical applications from the electrochemical point of view.

  7. High Capacity Pouch-Type Li-air Batteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Deyu; Xiao, Jie; Xu, Wu; Zhang, Jiguang

    2010-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The pouch-type Li-air batteries operated in ambient condition are reported in this work. The battery used a heat sealable plastic membrane as package material, O2¬ diffusion membrane and moisture barrier. The large variation in internal resistance of the batteries is minimized by a modified separator which can bind the cell stack together. The cells using the modified separators show improved and repeatable discharge performances. It is also found that addition of about 20% of 1,2-dimethoxyethane (DME) in PC:EC (1:1) based electrolyte solvent improves can improve the wetability of carbon electrode and the discharge capacities of Li-air batteries, but further increase in DME amount lead to a decreased capacity due to increase electrolyte loss during discharge process. The pouch-type Li-air batteries with the modified separator and optimized electrolyte has demonstrated a specific capacity of 2711 mAh g-1 based on carbon and a specific energy of 344 Wh kg-1 based on the complete batteries including package.

  8. Asymptotic normalization coefficients for B-8 -> Be-7+p from a study of Li-8 -> Li-7+n

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trache, L.; Azhari, A.; Carstoiu, F.; Clark, HL; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Lui, YW; Mukhamedzhanov, AM; Tang, X.; Timofeyuk, N.; Tribble, Robert E.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    nuclei, and charge symmetry implies that the spectroscopic amplitudes for the proton single particle orbitals entering the 8B wave 0556-2813/2003/67~6!/062801~5!/$20.00 67 062801- B\\7Be?p from a study of 8Li\\7Li?n ,1 Y.-W. Lui,1 A. M. Mukhamedzhanov.../Oxford University Press, New York, 1983!. @29# L. Trache, A. Azhari, H.L. Clark, C.A. Gagliardi, Y.-W. Lui, A.M. Mukhamedzhanov, R.E. Tribble, and F. Carstoiu, Phys. Rev. C 61, 024612 ~2000!. @30# M. Rhoades-Brown, M.H. Macfarlane, and S.C. Pieper, Phys. Rev. C...

  9. Crystal structure and chemical bonding of novel Li-containing polar intermetallic compound La{sub 11}Li{sub 12}Ge{sub 16}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jung, Yaho; Nam, Gnu; Jeon, Jieun; Kim, Youngjo [Department of Chemistry, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, 410 Seungbong-ro Heungduk-gu Chungbuk 361-763 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Chemistry, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, 410 Seungbong-ro Heungduk-gu Chungbuk 361-763 (Korea, Republic of); You, Tae-Soo, E-mail: tsyou@chungbuk.ac.kr [Department of Chemistry, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, 410 Seungbong-ro Heungduk-gu Chungbuk 361-763 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Chemistry, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, 410 Seungbong-ro Heungduk-gu Chungbuk 361-763 (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel Li-containing polar intermetallic compound La{sub 11}Li{sub 12}Ge{sub 16} has been synthesized using the high-temperature reaction method and characterized by both powder and single-crystal X-ray diffractions. The title compound crystallized in the orthorhombic crystal system (space group Immm, Z=2, Pearson symbol oI78) with fifteen crystallographically unique atomic positions in the asymmetric unit, and the lattice parameters are refined as a=4.5244(4) A, b=6.9932(6) A, and c=53.043(5) A. The complex crystal structure of the title compound can be described as a 2:1 intergrowth of two closely related compounds: La{sub 2}Li{sub 2}Ge{sub 3} (Ce{sub 2}Li{sub 2}Ge{sub 3}-type) and La{sub 3}Li{sub 4}Ge{sub 4} (Zr{sub 3}Cu{sub 4}Si{sub 4}-type) acting like 'building-blocks' along the c-axis. Six La sites are categorized into three distinct types based on the local coordination environment showing the coordination numbers of 12-14. Three unique Li sites are placed in the centers of local tetrahedra formed by four Ge atoms which eventually construct Ge{sub 2} dimers or 1-dimensional cis-/trans-Ge chains. Theoretical investigations using the tight-binding linear muffin-tin orbital (LMTO) method provide rationales for an improved structural stability and for unique local coordination geometries established by anionic elements including [LiGe{sub 4}] tetrahedra, cis-/trans-Ge chain and Ge{sub 2} dimers. - Graphical abstract: Reported is a novel ternary Li-containing polar intermetallic compound La{sub 11}Li{sub 12}Ge{sub 16}. The complex crystal structure can be viewed as a simple combination of two closely related known compounds acting as 'building-blocks', La{sub 2}Li{sub 2}G{sub 3} and La{sub 3}Li{sub 4}Ge{sub 4}, in a 2:1 stoichiometric ratio. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A novel Li-containing polar intermetallic compound La{sub 11}Li{sub 12}Ge{sub 16} was synthesized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The complex crystal structure was easily explained as a combination of two known compounds. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Theoretical calculations indicated that the Fermi level was located near the pseudogap.

  10. Facile synthesis of nanostructured vanadium oxide as cathode materials for efficient Li-ion batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Guozhong

    -ion batteries Yanyi Liu,a Evan Uchaker,a Nan Zhou,ab Jiangang Li,ac Qifeng Zhanga and Guozhong Cao*a Received 23 and VO2 (B) nanorods were tested as active cathode materials for Li-ion batteries. The V2O5 sheet for efficient Li-ion batteries. Introduction The expansion and demands for energy use in the past several

  11. IV. -PHOTOMAGNETISM AND CONDUCT I W r PHOTOMAGNETIC EFFECT IN A Li-Mn FERRITE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    IV. - PHOTOMAGNETISM AND CONDUCT I W r PHOTOMAGNETIC EFFECT IN A Li-Mn FERRITE P. BERNSTEIN and T'effet photomagnCtique dans le ferrite Fez,I oLi0.45Mn0.4504 au moyen de la variation de la perm investigated in a Fez.loLi0.45Mn0.4504ferrite by looking at the variations of the permeability under light

  12. Thermal Instability of Olivine-Type LiMnP04 Cathodes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Guoying

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    lithium-ion battery electrolyte is also evaluated, and its impact on the safety of high energy phosphate Li-ion batteries

  13. Chemical and Electrochemical Lithiation of LiVOPO4 Cathodes for Lithium-ion Batteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harrison, Katharine L [University of Texas at Austin; Bridges, Craig A [ORNL; Segre, C [Illinois Institute of Technology; VernadoJr, C Daniel [University of Texas at Austin; Applestone, Danielle [University of Texas at Austin; Bielawski, Christopher W [University of Texas at Austin; Paranthaman, Mariappan Parans [ORNL; Manthiram, Arumugam [University of Texas at Austin

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The theoretical capacity of LiVOPO4 could be increased from 159 to 318 mAh/g with the insertion of a second Li+ ion into the lattice to form Li2VOPO4, significantly enhancing the energy density of lithium-ion batteries. The changes accompanying the second Li+ insertion into -LiVOPO4 and -LiVOPO4 are presented here at various degrees of lithiation, employing both electrochemical and chemical lithiation. Inductively coupled plasma, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, and Fourier transform spectroscopy measurements indicate that a composition of Li2VOPO4 could be realized with an oxidation state of V3+ by the chemical lithiation process. The accompanying structural changes are evidenced by X-ray and neutron powder diffraction. Spectroscopic and diffraction data collected with the chemically lithiated samples as well as diffraction data on the electrochemically lithiated samples reveal that significant amount of lithium can be inserted into -LiVOPO4 before a more dramatic structural change occurs. In contrast, lithiation of -LiVOPO4 is more consistent with the formation of a two-phase mixture throughout most of the lithiation range. The phases observed with the ambient-temperature lithiation processes presented here are significantly different from those reported in the literature.

  14. Electrochemical performance of Sol-Gel synthesized LiFePO4 in lithium batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Yaoqin; Doeff, Marca M.; Kostecki, Robert; Finones, Rita

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LiFePO 4 in Lithium Batteries Yaoqin Hu,* Marca M. Doeff,*material in lithium ion batteries based on environmental and

  15. Structural Analysis of Southern Dixie Valley using LiDAR and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Structural Analysis of Southern Dixie Valley using LiDAR and Low-Sun-Angle Aerial Photography, NAS Fallon Geothermal Exploration Project, Dixie Valley, Nevada Jump to: navigation,...

  16. Li+ alumino-silicate ion source development for the Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment (NDCX)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, Prabir K.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Li + alumino-silicate ion source development for theresults on lithium alumino-silicate ion source developmentfor a lithium alumino-silicate source is determined by the

  17. Thermal Abuse Modeling of Li-Ion Cells and Propagation in Modules (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, G.-H.; Pesaran, A.; Smith, K.

    2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objectives of this paper are: (1) continue to explore thermal abuse behaviors of Li-ion cells and modules that are affected by local conditions of heat and materials; (2) use the 3D Li-ion battery thermal abuse 'reaction' model developed for cells to explore the impact of the location of internal short, its heating rate, and thermal properties of the cell; (3) continue to understand the mechanisms and interactions between heat transfer and chemical reactions during thermal runaway for Li-ion cells and modules; and (4) explore the use of the developed methodology to support the design of abuse-tolerant Li-ion battery systems.

  18. Effect of conductive additives in LiFePO4 cathode for lithium-ion batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shim, J.; Guerfi, A.; Zaghib, K.; Striebel, K.A.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Effect of Conductive Additives in LiFePO 4 Cathode forcapacity on conductive additive content and specificthe amount of conductive additive increases. The addition of

  19. Investigation of the Rechargeability of Li-O2 Batteries in Non-aqueous Electrolyte

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xiao, Jie; Hu, Jian Z.; Wang, Deyu; Hu, Dehong; Xu, Wu; Graff, Gordon L.; Nie, Zimin; Liu, Jun; Zhang, Jiguang

    2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to understand the nature of the limited cycle life and poor energy efficiency associated with the secondary Li-O¬2 batteries the discharge products of primary Li-O2 cells at different depth of discharge (DOD) are systematically analyzed in this work. It is revealed that if discharged to 2.0 V a small amount of Li2O2 coexist with Li2CO3 and RO-(C=O)-OLi) in alkyl carbonate-based electrolyte. Further discharging the air electrodes to below 2.0 V the amount of Li2CO3 and LiRCO3 increases significantly due to the severe electrolyte decomposition. There is no Li2O detected in this alkyl carbonate electrolyte regardless of DOD. It is also found that the alkyl carbonate based electrolyte begins to decompose at 4.0 V during charging under the combined influences from the high surface area carbon, the nickel metal current collector and the oxygen atmosphere. Accordingly the impedance of the Li-O2 cell continues to increase after each discharge and recharge process indicating a repeated plating of insoluble lithium salts on the carbon surface. Therefore the whole carbon electrode becomes completely insulated only after a few cycles and loses the function of providing active tri-phase regions for the Li-oxygen batteries.

  20. Analysis of Heat Dissipation in Li-Ion Cells & Modules for Modeling of Thermal Runaway (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, G.-H.; Pesaran, A.

    2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The objectives of this study are: (1) To develop 3D Li-Ion battery thermal abuse ''reaction'' models for cell and module analysis; (2) To understand the mechanisms and interactions between heat transfer and chemical reactions during thermal runaway for Li-Ion cells and modules; (3) To develop a tool and methodology to support the design of abuse-tolerant Li-Ion battery systems for PHEVs/HEVs; and (4) To help battery developers accelerate delivery of abuse-tolerant Li-Ion battery systems in support of the FreedomCAR's Energy Storage Program.

  1. On 7Li Enrichment by Low Mass Metal Poor Red Giant Branch Stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramiro de la Reza; Licio da Silva; Natalia A. Drake; Marco A. Terra

    2000-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    First-ascent red giants with strong and very strong Li lines have just been discovered in globular clusters. Using the stellar internal prompt 7Li enrichment - mass loss scenario, we explore the possibility of 7Li enrichment in the interstellar matter of the globular cluster M3 produced by these Li-rich giants. We found that enrichment as large as 70% or more compared to the initial 7Li content of M3 can be obtained during the entire life of this cluster. However, due to the several crossings of M3 into the Galactic plane, the new 7Li will be very probably removed by ram pressure into the disk. Globular clusters appear then as possible new sources of 7Li in the galactic disk. It is also suggested that the known Na/Al variations in stars of globular clusters could be somehow related to the 7Li variations and that the cool bottom mixing mechanism acting in the case of 7Li could also play a role in the case of Na and Al surface enrichments.

  2. High-energy break-up of 6Li as a tool to study the Big-Bang nucleosynthesis reaction 2H(alpha,gamma)6Li

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Hammache; M. Heil; S. Typel; D. Galaviz; K. Sümmerer; A. Coc; F. Uhlig; F. Attallah; M. Caamano; D. Cortina; H. Geissel; M. Hellström; N. Iwasa; J. Kiener; P. Koczon; B. Kohlmeyer; P. Mohr; E. Schwab; K. Schwarz; F. Schümann; P. Senger; O. Sorlin; V. Tatischeff; J. P. Thibaud; E. Vangioni; A. Wagner; W. Walus

    2010-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The recently claimed observations of non-negligible amounts of 6Li in old halo stars have renewed interest in the Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) of 6Li. One important ingredient in the predicted BBN abundance of 6Li is the low-energy 2H(alpha,gamma)6Li cross section. Up to now, the only available experimental result for this cross section showed an almost constant astrophysical S-factor below 400 keV, contrary to theoretical expectations. We report on a new measurement of the 2H(alpha,gamma)6Li reaction using the break-up of 6Li at 150 A MeV. Even though we cannot separate experimentally the Coulomb contribution from the nuclear one, we find clear evidence for Coulomb-nuclear interference by analyzing the scattering-angular distributions. This is in-line with our theoretical description which indicates a drop of the S_24-factor at low energies as predicted also by most other models. Consequently, we find even lower upper limits for the calculated primordial 6Li abundance than before.

  3. Investigation on the Charging Process of Li2O2-Based Air Electrodes in Li-O2 Batteries with Organic Carbonate Electrolytes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, Wu; Viswanathan, Vilayanur V.; Wang, Deyu; Towne, Silas A.; Xiao, Jie; Nie, Zimin; Hu, Dehong; Zhang, Jiguang

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The charge processes of Li-O2 batteries were investigated by analyzing the gas evolution by in situ gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC/MS) technique. The mixture of Li2O2/Fe3O4/Super P carbon/polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) was used as the starting air electrode material and 1M LiTFSI in carbonate-based solvents was used as electrolyte. It was found that Li2O2 is reactive to 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone and PVDF binder used in the electrode preparation. During the 1st charge (up to 4.6 V), O2 was the main component in the gases released. The amount of O2 measured by GC/MS was consistent with the amount of Li2O2 decomposed in the electrochemical process as measured by the charge capacity, indicative of the good chargeability of Li2O2. However, after the cell was discharged to 2.0 V in O2 atmosphere and re-charged to ~ 4.6 V in the second cycle, CO2 was dominant in the released gases. Further analysis of the discharged air electrode by X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy indicated that lithium-containing carbonate species (lithium alkyl carbonate and/or Li2CO3) were the main reaction products. Therefore, compatible electrolyte and electrodes as well as the electrode preparation procedures need to be developed for long term operation of rechargeable Li-O2 or Li-air batteries.

  4. Comparison of Overcharge Behavior of AlPO4-Coated LiCoO2 and LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 Cathode Materials in Li-Ion Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Jaephil

    , and Research Center for Energy Conversion and Storage, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea The overcharge in Li-Ion Cells Jaephil Cho,a, *,z Hyemin Kim,b and Byungwoo Parkb, * a Department of Applied Chemistry

  5. Optical-Model Parameters for the C-12(li-7,li-7)c-12 Reaction at 63 and 78.7 Mev

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeller, A. F.; Lui, YW; Tribble, Robert E.; Tanner, D. M.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PHYSICAL REVIE% C VOLUME 22, NUMBER 4 OCTOBER 1980 Optical model parameters for the "C('Li,'Li)"C reaction at 63 and 78.7 MeV A. F. Zeller, *Y. -W. Lui, R. E. Tribble, and D. M. Tanner Cyclot'ron Institute, Texas Ac%M University, College Station... extracted from I i inelastic scattering. 1538 ZELLER, LUI, TRIBBLE, AND TANNER 22 IV. CONCLUSION The present analysis of the 'Li scattering on "C shows that a single potential set does not ap- pear to describe the data in the energy range from 48 to 78...

  6. Determination of the spherically symmetric potential components for Li sup + --N sub 2 and Li sup + --CO from total cross section measurements (USA)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gislason, E.A.; Polak-Dingels, P.; Rajan, M.S. (Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Chicago, Box 4348, Chicago, IL (USA))

    1990-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Total cross sections have been measured for Li{sup +} ions scattered by N{sub 2} and CO in the range {ital E}{Theta}{sub {ital R}}=5--1000 eV deg. Here {ital E} is the lab energy of the Li{sup +} beam, and {Theta}{sub {ital R}} is the resolution angle of the apparatus. From the data the spherically symmetric parts of the intermolecular potentials have been determined over a wide range of Li{sup +}-molecule distances including the attractive well region. The results are compared with other theoretical and experimental work on these systems.

  7. Silicon Based Anodes for Li-Ion Batteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Jiguang; Wang, Wei; Xiao, Jie; Xu, Wu; Graff, Gordon L.; Yang, Zhenguo; Choi, Daiwon; Li, Xiaolin; Wang, Deyu; Liu, Jun

    2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Silicon is environmentally benign and ubiquitous. Because of its high specific capacity, it is considered one of the most promising candidates to replace the conventional graphite negative electrode used in today's Li ion batteries. Silicon has a theoretical specific capacity of nearly 4200 mAh/g (Li21Si5), which is 10 times larger than the specific capacity of graphite (LiC6, 372 mAh/g). However, the high capacity of silicon is associated with huge volume changes (more than 300 percent) when alloyed with lithium, which can cause severe cracking and pulverization of the electrode and lead to significant capacity loss. Significant scientific research has been conducted to circumvent the deterioration of silicon based anode materials during cycling. Various strategies, such as reduction of particle size, generation of active/inactive composites, fabrication of silicon based thin films, use of alternative binders, and the synthesis of 1-D silicon nanostructures have been implemented by a number of research groups. Fundamental mechanistic research has also been performed to better understand the electrochemical lithiation and delithiation process during cycling in terms of crystal structure, phase transitions, morphological changes, and reaction kinetics. Although efforts to date have not attained a commercially viable Si anode, further development is expected to produce anodes with three to five times the capacity of graphite. In this chapter, an overview of research on silicon based anodes used for lithium-ion battery applications will be presented. The overview covers electrochemical alloying of the silicon with lithium, mechanisms responsible for capacity fade, and methodologies adapted to overcome capacity degradation observed during cycling. The recent development of silicon nanowires and nanoparticles with significantly improved electrochemical performance will also be discussed relative to the mechanistic understanding. Finally, future directions on the development of silicon based anodes will be considered.

  8. Phase transitions in the adsorption system Li/Mo(112)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fedorus, A.; Kolthoff, D.; Koval, V.; Lyuksyutov, Igor F.; Naumovets, AG; Pfnur, H.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    limit can be quasi-one-dimensional. Such model systems are formed upon submonolayer adsorption on surfaces with strongly an- PRB 620163-1829/2000/62~4!/2852~10!/$15.00 n system Li?Mo?112? ,1,3 A. G. Naumovets,1 and H. Pfnu?r2,* , Prospect Nauki 46... W/Re thermocouple and was con- trolled by a computerized feedback circuit with a resolution of 0.01 K. The source of lithium was constructed and outgassed as PRB 62 PHASE TRANSITIONS IN TH described in Ref. 6. The LEED patterns have been taken...

  9. LiWall Fusion - The New Concept of Magnetic Fusion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    L.E. Zakharov

    2011-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Utilization of the outstanding abilities of a liquid lithium layer in pumping hydrogen isotopes leads to a new approach to magnetic fusion, called the LiWall Fusion. It relies on innovative plasma regimes with low edge density and high temperature. The approach combines fueling the plasma by neutral injection beams with the best possible elimination of outside neutral gas sources, which cools down the plasma edge. Prevention of cooling the plasma edge suppresses the dominant, temperature gradient related turbulence in the core. Such an approach is much more suitable for controlled fusion than the present practice, relying on high heating power for compensating essentially unlimited turbulent energy losses.

  10. LiDAR (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:Landowners and Wind EnergyIndiana:NewJump to: navigation,Oklahoma:LeyteLiDAR

  11. LiDAR (Lewicki & Oldenburg, 2005) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:Landowners and Wind EnergyIndiana:NewJump to:Oldenburg, 2004) Jump to:LiDAR

  12. Li County Jiujiayi Hydropower Development Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKoreaLaorLeopold Kostal GmbHLi County JiaxingLi

  13. Wei-li W Lee | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron SpinPrincetonUsing Maps1DOETHEWeekly Reports 2014 Weekly ReportWei-li W

  14. Investigation of Mechanical Activation on Li-N-H Systems Using 6Li Magic Angle Spinning Nuclear Magnetic Resonance at Ultra-High Field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu, Jian Zhi; Kwak, Ja Hun; Yang, Zhenguo; Osborn, William; Markmaitree, Tippawan; Shaw, Leonard D.

    2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract The significantly enhanced spectral resolution in the 6Li MAS NMR spectra of Li-N-H systems at ultra-high field of 21.1 tesla is exploited, for the first time, to study the detailed electronic and chemical environmental changes associated with mechanical activation of Li-N-H system using high energy balling milling. Complementary to ultra-high field studies, the hydrogen discharge dynamics are investigated using variable temperature in situ 1H MAS NMR at 7.05 tesla field. The significantly enhanced spectral resolution using ultra-high filed of 21.1 tesla was demonstrated along with several major findings related to mechanical activation, including the upfield shift of the resonances in 6Li MAS spectra induced by ball milling, more efficient mechanical activation with ball milling at liquid nitrogen temperature than with ball milling at room temperature, and greatly enhanced hydrogen discharge exhibited by the liquid nitrogen ball milled samples.

  15. Lattice Mn3+ Behaviors in Li4Ti5O12/LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 Full Cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zheng, Jianming; Xiao, Jie; Nie, Zimin; Zhang, Jiguang

    2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    High voltage spinels LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 (LNMO) with different contents of residual Mn3+ ions have been evaluated in full cells using Li4Ti5O12 (LTO) as standard anode. Greatly improved cycling stability has been observed for all spinels in LTO-limited full cell, compared with those in LNMO-limited ones, while the underlying mechanisms are quite different. It has been discovered that the participation of active Mn3+ in the extended cycling and thus its observable contribution to Li+ diffusion kinetics depend on the limiting electrode and the sufficiency of Li+ ions. Potential Mn dissolution has also been discussed to identify the key factors that need to be considered to construct full cells employing high voltage spinel as the cathode.

  16. The Senior University Ref. no. LiU-2010-00209

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    permeate all operations. LiU's long-term goals for the work environment are that LiU shall environment efforts is the joint cooperation agreement that the University signed with both the workers' and the student unions. ! ! The work environment efforts shall be a natural part of all daily operations. In order

  17. Development of First Principles Capacity Fade Model for Li-Ion Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Popov, Branko N.

    into a lithium-ion battery model. The model explains the self-discharge process occurring in Li-ion cells processes in lithium-ion batteries may cause a number of undesirable effects leading to capacity loss.3 with the existing Li- ion intercalation model. Model Development The side reaction of general interest in lithium-ion

  18. LiFTinG: Lightweight Freerider-Tracking in Gossip Rachid Guerraoui

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guerraoui, Rachid

    by simulations and PlanetLab experiments. In a 300-node system, where a stream of 674 kbps is broadcast, LiFTinGLiFTinG: Lightweight Freerider-Tracking in Gossip Rachid Guerraoui EPFL rachid.guerraoui@epfl.ch K IIT Guwahati swagatika@iitg.ernet.in Abstract This paper presents LiFTinG, the first protocol

  19. Fe3O4-LiMo3Se3 Nanoparticle Clusters as Superparamagnetic Nanocompasses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osterloh, Frank

    -iodopropionic acid treated LiMo3Se3 nanowire bundles with oleic acid-stabilized Fe3O4 nanoparticles of 2.8, 5Fe3O4-LiMo3Se3 Nanoparticle Clusters as Superparamagnetic Nanocompasses Frank E. Osterloh,*, Hiroki A scaleable chemical approach to functional nanoscale analogues of the magnetic compasses in magnetotactic

  20. LI ET AL. VOL. XXX ' NO. XX ' 000000 ' XXXX www.acsnano.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zare, Richard N.

    LI ET AL. VOL. XXX ' NO. XX ' 000­000 ' XXXX www.acsnano.org A C XXXX American Chemical Society. PERSPECTIVE #12;LI ET AL. VOL. XXX ' NO. XX ' 000­000 ' XXXX www.acsnano.org B transmembrane potential

  1. Study on generating of thermal neutron scattering cross sections for LiH

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, L.; Jiang, X.; Zhao, Z.; Chen, L. [Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an 710024 (China)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LiH is designated as a promising moderator and shielding material because of its low density, high melting point and large fraction of H atoms. However, lack of the thermal neutron cross sections of LiH makes numerical calculation deviate from experimental data to some extent. As a result, it is necessary to study LiH thermal kernel effect. The phonon property of LiH has been investigated by first-principles calculations using the plane-wave pseudo potential method with CASTEP code. The scattering law and the thermal neutron scattering cross sections for Li and H have been generated using this distribution. The results have been compared with zirconium hydride data. The GASKET and NJOY/LEAPR codes have been used in the calculation of scattering law, whose results have been compared with the reference; the discrepancy mainly comes from phonon spectrums and its expansion. LEAPR had the capability to compute scattering through larger energy and momentum transfers than GASKET did. By studying LiH phonon spectrum and constructing the model of LiH thermal kernel and scattering matrix, the ACE format LiH thermal neutron cross sections for MCNP software could be made and used for reactor Neutronics calculation. (authors)

  2. Stochastic Simulation Model for the 3D Morphology of Composite Materials in Li-Ion Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Volker

    Stochastic Simulation Model for the 3D Morphology of Composite Materials in Li-Ion Batteries Ralf August 30, 2010 Abstract Battery technology plays an important role in energy storage. In particular, lithium­ ion (Li-ion) batteries are of great interest, because of their high capacity, long cycle life

  3. Electrolyte Stability Determines Scaling Limits for Solid-State 3D Li Ion Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubloff, Gary W.

    Electrolyte Stability Determines Scaling Limits for Solid-State 3D Li Ion Batteries Dmitry Ruzmetov, all-solid-state Li ion batteries (LIBs) with high specific capacity and small footprint are highly, into the nanometer regime, can lead to rapid self-discharge of the battery even when the electrolyte layer

  4. LI, SONG, GONG: SKETCH RECOGNITION BY ENSEMBLE MATCHING 1 Sketch Recognition by Ensemble Matching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gong, Shaogang

    LI, SONG, GONG: SKETCH RECOGNITION BY ENSEMBLE MATCHING 1 Sketch Recognition by Ensemble Matching://www.eecs.qmul.ac.uk/~yzs Shaogang Gong http://www.eecs.qmul.ac.uk/~sgg School of Electronic Engineering and Computer Science, Queen with its authors. It may be distributed unchanged freely in print or electronic forms. #12;2 LI, SONG, GONG

  5. Geospatial revolution and remote sensing LiDAR in Mesoamerican archaeology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weishampel, John F.

    #12;Geospatial revolution and remote sensing LiDAR in Mesoamerican archaeology Arlen F. Chasea,1. The impor- tance of this geospatial innovation is demonstrated with newly acquired LiDAR data from in the remote geospatial imaging of cultural landscapes, including ancient communities and their anthropogenic

  6. MHD Analysis of Dual Coolant Pb-17Li Blanket for ARIES-CS C. Mistrangelo1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raffray, A. René

    MHD Analysis of Dual Coolant Pb-17Li Blanket for ARIES-CS C. Mistrangelo1 , A. R. Raffray2 of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0438, USA, rraffray@ucsd.edu A dual coolant Pb-17Li (DCLL) blanket of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) flows in the poloidal channels that distribute the liquid metal in the breeder units has

  7. Improved Capacity Retention for LiVO[subscript 2] by Cr Substitution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Xiaohua

    We present a layered Li-intercalation oxide that operates on the V[superscript 3+]/V[superscript 4+] redox couple. The stabilization effect of adding a +3 element into the layered LiVO[subscript 2] has been studied by first ...

  8. Doped LiFePO? cathodes for high power density lithium ion batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bloking, Jason T. (Jason Thompson), 1979-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Olivine LiFePO4 has received much attention recently as a promising storage compound for cathodes in lithium ion batteries. It has an energy density similar to that of LiCoO 2, the current industry standard for cathode ...

  9. SPECIAL ISSUE: Quantitative Models for Energy Systems SPECIAL EDITORS: Chung-Li Tseng

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tseng, Chung-Li

    to mitigate transmission congestion, which can subsequently change locational marginal prices of the network la Torre and Antonio J. Conejo 52 Impact of Phase Shifters on Locational Prices Bo Lu, Zuyi Li Shifters on Locational Prices" by Bo Lu, Zuyi Li, and Mohammand Shahidehpour, proposes using phase shifters

  10. Observation of laser-induced associative ionization in crossed-beam Na+Li collisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Polak-Dingels, P.; Keller, J.; Weiner, J.; Gauthier, J.h.; Bras, N.

    1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the observation of NaLi/sup +/ produced by crossed-beam collisions of Na and Li in the presence of a single laser field. The magnitude of the cross section and its dependence on laser intensity are in accord with a simple second-order perturbation theory.

  11. A new family of locally 5arc transitive Michael Giudici a, Cai Heng Li a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giudici, Michael

    A new family of locally 5­arc transitive graphs Michael Giudici a, Cai Heng Li a Cheryl E. Praeger@maths.uwa.edu.au (Cai Heng Li), praeger@maths.uwa.edu.au (Cheryl E. Praeger). Preprint submitted to Elsevier Science 17

  12. Static magnetic and microwave properties of Li-ferrite films prepared by pulsed laser deposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patton, Carl

    Static magnetic and microwave properties of Li-ferrite films prepared by pulsed laser deposition F University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523 Highly textured Li-ferrite films have been synthesized by pulsed approaching 1000 °C the growth mode was predominantly 333 . A similar growth mode was recently reported for Ni-ferrite

  13. Dual Phase Li4 Ti5O12–TiO2 Nanowire Arrays As Integrated...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Phase Li4 Ti5O12–TiO2 Nanowire Arrays As Integrated Anodes For High-rate Lithium-ion Batteries. Dual Phase Li4 Ti5O12–TiO2 Nanowire Arrays As Integrated Anodes For...

  14. Temperature dependence of d7 Ca and Li/Ca during growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Temperature dependence of d7 Li, d44 Ca and Li/Ca during growth of calcium carbonate Caedmon S; calcium isotopes; calcium carbonate 1. Introduction The trace element and isotope chemistry of calci- um variable, in controlling the fraction- ation of three such potential proxies in calcium carbonates

  15. A Model Reduction Framework for Efficient Simulation of Li-Ion Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of degradation processes in lithium-ion batteries, the modelling of cell dynamics at the mircometer scale lithium-ion batteries is the deposition of metallic lithium at the negative battery electrode (LiA Model Reduction Framework for Efficient Simulation of Li-Ion Batteries Mario Ohlberger Stephan

  16. Complete Residential Urban Area Reconstruction from Dense Aerial LiDAR Point Clouds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahabi, Cyrus

    Complete Residential Urban Area Reconstruction from Dense Aerial LiDAR Point Clouds Qian-Yi Zhou area modeling and residential area modeling is that the latter usually con- tains rich vegetation. Thus representing the 3D urban reality of residential areas. Keywords: urban modeling, LiDAR, residential area

  17. Modeling Residential Urban Areas from Dense Aerial LiDAR Point Clouds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahabi, Cyrus

    Modeling Residential Urban Areas from Dense Aerial LiDAR Point Clouds Qian-Yi Zhou and Ulrich models for residential areas from aerial LiDAR scans. The key differ- ence between downtown area modeling and residential area modeling is that the latter usually contains rich vegetation. Thus, we propose a robust

  18. Dynamic Query Forms for Database Queries Liang Tang, Tao Li, Yexi Jiang, and Zhiyuan Chen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Tao

    queries on databases. However, the creation of customized queries totally depends on users' manual editing. Different from traditional document retrieval, users in database · Liang Tang, Tao Li, and Yexi Jiang1 Dynamic Query Forms for Database Queries Liang Tang, Tao Li, Yexi Jiang, and Zhiyuan Chen

  19. Graphene-enhanced hybrid phase change materials for thermal management of Li-ion batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Li-ion batteries suffer from strong self-heating, which limits their life-time and creates* Nano-Device Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering and Materials Science and Engineering, automotive and aerospace industries. Li-ion batteries are an essential part of the hybrid electric vehicles

  20. New Nanostructured Li2S/Silicon Rechargeable Battery with High Specific Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Yi

    -ion batteries based on LiCoO2 cathodes and graphite anodes (410 Wh kg-1 ). The nanostructured design of bothNew Nanostructured Li2S/Silicon Rechargeable Battery with High Specific Energy Yuan Yang,,§ Matthew, California 94305 ABSTRACT Rechargeable lithium ion batteries are important energy storage devices; however

  1. Thermal Model for a Li-Ion Cell Karthikeyan Kumaresan,* Godfrey Sikha,** and Ralph E. White***,z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    cathode in 1 M LiPF6 salt, in a mixture of ethylene carbonate, propylene carbonate, ethyl-methyl carbonate. Recent experimental characterization8 of transport properties of LiPF6 in a solvent mixture of propylene

  2. Nano-Structured Li3V2(PO4)3 /Carbon Composite for High Rate Lithium...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nano-Structured Li3V2(PO4)3 Carbon Composite for High Rate Lithium Ion Batteries. Nano-Structured Li3V2(PO4)3 Carbon Composite for High Rate Lithium Ion Batteries. Abstract:...

  3. Interpolating Vancouver's Daily Ambient PM10 Field Li Sun James V. Zidek Nhu D. Le Haluk Ozkaynak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    Interpolating Vancouver's Daily Ambient PM10 Field Li Sun James V. Zidek Nhu D. Le Haluk Ozkaynak the Center's primary funding. #12;Interpolating Vancouver's Daily Ambient PM10 Field Li Sun1 , James V Zidek1

  4. Journal of Power Sources 159 (2006) 14221427 Li diffusion in LiCoO2 thin films prepared by pulsed laser deposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ceder, Gerbrand

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to be in the range of 10-11 to 10-13 cm2 s-1 depending on Li concentration and on the characterization method used. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Thin-film battery; LiCoO2; Lithium diffusion; Pulsed-ion batteries. Without the presence of a polymer binder and carbonaceous powders, the dense and flat thin films

  5. Sub- and above barrier fusion of loosely bound $^6$Li with $^{28}$Si

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mandira Sinha; H. Majumdar; P. Basu; Subinit Roy; R. Bhattacharya; M. Biswas; M. K. Pradhan; R. Palit; I. Mazumdar; S. Kailas

    2010-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Fusion excitation functions are measured for the system $^6$Li+$^{28}$Si using the characteristic $\\gamma$-ray method, encompassing both the sub-barrier and above barrier regions, viz., $E_{lab}$= 7-24 MeV. Two separate experiments were performed, one for the above barrier region ($E_{lab}$= 11-24 MeV) and another for the below barrier region ($E_{lab}$= 7-10 MeV). The results were compared with our previously measured fusion cross section for the $^7$Li+$^{28}$Si system. We observed enhancement of fusion cross section at sub-barrier regions for both $^6$Li and $^7$Li, but yield was substantially larger for $^6$Li. However, for well above barrier regions, similar type of suppression was identified for both the systems.

  6. Electrochemical behavior of LiCoO2 as aqueous lithium-ion battery electrodes Riccardo Ruffo a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Yi

    Electrochemical behavior of LiCoO2 as aqueous lithium-ion battery electrodes Riccardo Ruffo 2008 Available online xxxx Keywords: LiCoO2 Aqueous electrolyte LiNO3 Lithium-ion battery Cathode substrate using the procedures typical for the study of electrodes for lithium-ion batteries in organic

  7. Fusion Engineering and Design 81 (2006) 461467 An overview of dual coolant Pb17Li breeder first wall and blanket

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdou, Mohamed

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Helium is used to cool the first wall and blanket structure, and the self-cooled breeder Pb­17Li.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Blanket; Pb­17Li breeder; Dual-coolant; Helium-cooled; ITER coolant Pb­17Li liquid breeder (DCLL) blanket design, a con- cept that has been explored extensively

  8. Thermal stability of LiPF6EC:EMC electrolyte for lithium ion batteries Gerardine G. Bottea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thermal stability of LiPF6±EC:EMC electrolyte for lithium ion batteries Gerardine G. Bottea , Ralph study of the LiPF6±EC:EMC electrolyte. The effect of different variables on its thermal stability was evaluated: salt (LiPF6) concentration effect, solvents, EC:EMC ratios, and heating rates. Hermetically

  9. Elastic Hadron Scattering on Li Isotopes at Intermediate Energies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhusupov, M.A.; Imambekov, O. [Institute of Experimental and Theoretical Physics, Kazakh State University, ul. Timiryazeva 46, Almaty, 480121 (Kazakhstan); Ibraeva, E.T. [Institute of Nuclear Physics, National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Almaty, 480082 (Kazakhstan)

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The elastic scattering of hadrons (protons, charged pions, and positively charged kaons) on {sup 6,7,8}Li nuclei is analyzed on the basis of Glauber-Sitenko diffraction theory. A few nuclear-wave-function versions found within two- and three-particle potential cluster models are used in the calculations. It is shown that the application of these wave functions in diffraction theory makes it possible to describe adequately the experimental differential cross sections and analyzing powers in hadron scattering at intermediate energies. In this study, particular attention is given to a comparison of the scattering of different particles on the same target nucleus, as well as to a comparison of scattering of particles of the same sort on different target nuclei.

  10. Multicell Li/SOCl/sub 2/ reserve battery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baldwin, A.R.; Garoutte, K.F.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent development work on reserve lithium thionyl chloride (RLTC) batteries at SNLA and Honeywell has included safety and performance evaluations. The RLTC battery is being considered for applications that have traditionally been fulfilled by state-of-the-art thermal batteries and reserve silver oxide zinc electrochemical systems. These applications typically demand a reserve battery having a rapid voltage rise, high reliability, operational safety and useful active lifetime ranging from minutes to hours. The RLTC work reported here was directed toward a power battery capable of meeting or exceeding the design requirements. Performance and safety test data indicate that the RLTC battery may be better suited than thermal batteries for some long-life applications. Table II presents a comparison between a Li(Si)/FeS/sub 2/ thermal battery and an RLTC battery, both of which were designed to fulfill the requirements.

  11. Stability of the solid electrolyte Li{sub 3}OBr to common battery solvents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schroeder, D.J. [Department of Engineering Technology, College of Engineering and Engineering Technology, Northern Illinois University, 301B Still Gym, DeKalb, IL 60115 (United States); Hubaud, A.A. [Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439-4837 (United States); Vaughey, J.T., E-mail: vaughey@anl.gov [Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439-4837 (United States)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphical abstract: The stability of the anti-perovskite phase Li{sub 3}OBr has been assessed in a variety of battery solvents. - Highlights: • Lithium stable solid electrolyte Li{sub 3}OBr unstable to polar organic solvents. • Solvation with no dissolution destroys long-range structure. • Ion exchange with protons observed. - Abstract: Recently a new class of solid lithium ion conductors was reported based on the anti-perovskite structure, notably Li{sub 3}OCl and Li{sub 3}OBr. For many beyond lithium-ion battery uses, the solid electrolyte is envisioned to be in direct contact with liquid electrolytes and lithium metal. In this study we evaluated the stability of the Li{sub 3}OBr phase against common battery solvents electrolytes, including diethylcarbonate (DEC) and dimethylcarbonate (DMC), as well as a LiPF{sub 6} containing commercial electrolyte. In contact with battery-grade organic solvents, Li{sub 3}OBr was typically found to be insoluble but lost its crystallinity and reacted with available protons and in some cases with the solvent. A low temperature heat treatment was able to restore crystallinity of the samples; however evidence of proton ion exchange was conserved.

  12. Formation of Interfacial Layer and Long-Term Cylability of Li-O-2 Batteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nasybulin, Eduard N.; Xu, Wu; Mehdi, Beata L.; Thomsen, Edwin C.; Engelhard, Mark H.; Masse, Robert C.; Bhattacharya, Priyanka; Gu, Meng; Bennett, Wendy D.; Nie, Zimin; Wang, Chong M.; Browning, Nigel D.; Zhang, Jiguang

    2014-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Extended cycling of the Li-O2 battery under full discharge/charge conditions is achievable upon selection of appropriate electrode materials and cycling protocol. However, the decomposition of the side products also contribute to the observed good cycling behavior of high capacity Li-O2 batteries. Quantitative analyses of the discharge and charge products reveals a quick switch from the predominant formation of Li2O2 to the predominant formation of side products during the first a few cycles of the Li-O2 batteries. After the switch, cycling stabilizes with a repeatable formation of Li2O2/side products at ~1:2 ratio. CNTs/Ru composite electrodes exhibits lower charge voltage and deliver 50 full discharge-charge cycles without sharp capacity drop. Ru coated glass carbon electrode can lead to more than 500 cycles without change in its cycling profiles. The better understanding on Li-O2 reaction processes developed in this work may lead to the further improvement on the long term cycling behavior of high capacity Li-O2 batteries.

  13. Lithium ion diffusion in Li ?-alumina single crystals measured by pulsed field gradient NMR spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chowdhury, Mohammed Tareque, E-mail: mtareque@mail.tagen.tohoku.ac.jp; Takekawa, Reiji; Iwai, Yoshiki; Kuwata, Naoaki; Kawamura, Junichi [Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials, Tohoku University, 2-1-1, Katahira, Aoba-ku Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)] [Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials, Tohoku University, 2-1-1, Katahira, Aoba-ku Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)

    2014-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The lithium ion diffusion coefficient of a 93% Li ?-alumina single crystal was measured for the first time using pulsed field gradient (PFG) NMR spectroscopy with two different crystal orientations. The diffusion coefficient was found to be 1.2 × 10{sup ?11} m{sup 2}/s in the direction perpendicular to the c axis at room temperature. The Li ion diffusion coefficient along the c axis direction was found to be very small (6.4 × 10{sup ?13} m{sup 2}/s at 333 K), which suggests that the macroscopic diffusion of the Li ion in the ?-alumina crystal is mainly two-dimensional. The diffusion coefficient for the same sample was also estimated using NMR line narrowing data and impedance measurements. The impedance data show reasonable agreement with PFG-NMR data, while the line narrowing measurements provided a lower value for the diffusion coefficient. Line narrowing measurements also provided a relatively low value for the activation energy and pre-exponential factor. The temperature dependent diffusion coefficient was obtained in the temperature range 297–333 K by PFG-NMR, from which the activation energy for diffusion of the Li ion was estimated. The activation energy obtained by PFG-NMR was smaller than that obtained by impedance measurements, which suggests that thermally activated defect formation energy exists for 93% Li ?-alumina single crystals. The diffusion time dependence of the diffusion coefficient was observed for the Li ion in the 93% Li ?-alumina single crystal by means of PFG-NMR experiments. Motion of Li ion in fractal dimension might be a possible explanation for the observed diffusion time dependence of the diffusion coefficient in the 93% Li ?–alumina system.

  14. Density functional theory study of the mechanism of Li diffusion in rutile RuO{sub 2}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jung, Jongboo; Cho, Maenghyo [WCU Program on Multiscale Mechanical Design, School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of)] [WCU Program on Multiscale Mechanical Design, School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of); Zhou, Min, E-mail: min.zhou@gatech.edu [WCU Program on Multiscale Mechanical Design, School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of) [WCU Program on Multiscale Mechanical Design, School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of); George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0405 (United States)

    2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    First-principle calculations are carried out to study the diffusion of Li ions in rutile structure RuO{sub 2}, a material for positive electrodes in rechargeable Li ion batteries. The calculations focus on migration pathways and energy barriers for diffusion in Li-poor and Li-rich phases using the Nudged Elastic Band Method. Diffusion coefficients estimated based on calculated energy barriers are in good agreement with experimental values reported in the literature. The results confirm the anisotropic nature of diffusion of Li ions in one-dimensional c channels along the [001] crystalline direction of rutile RuO{sub 2} and show that Li diffusion in the Li-poor phase is faster than in the Li-rich phase. The findings of fast Li diffusion and feasible Li insertion at low temperatures in the host rutile RuO{sub 2} suggest this material is a good ionic conductor for Li transport. The finding also suggests possible means for enhancing the performance of RuO{sub 2}-based electrode materials.

  15. Fusion reactions in collisions induced by Li isotopes on Sn targets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fisichella, M.; Shotter, A. C.; Di Pietro, A.; Figuera, P.; Lattuada, M.; Marchetta, C.; Musumarra, A.; Pellegriti, M. G.; Ruiz, C.; Scuderi, V.; Strano, E.; Torresi, D.; Zadro, M. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Messina, Messina (Italy) and INFN-Laboratori Nazionali del Sud and sezione di Catania, Catania (Italy); School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh (United Kingdom) and TRIUMF, Vancouver (Canada); INFN-Laboratori Nazionali del Sud and sezione di Catania, Catania (Italy); INFN-Laboratori Nazionali del Sud and sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy and Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia, Universita di Catania, Catania (Italy); INFN-Laboratori Nazionali del Sud and sezione di Catania, Catania (Italy); INFN- Laboratori Nazionali del Sud and sezione di Catania, Catania (Italy) and Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia, Universita di Catania, Catania (Italy); TRIUMF, Vancouver (Canada); INFN-Laboratori Nazionali del Sud and sezione di Catania, Catania (Italy) and Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia, Universita di Catania, Catania (Italy); Ruder Boskovic Institute, Zagreb (Croatia)

    2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Fusion cross sections for the {sup 6}Li+{sup 120}Sn and {sup 7}Li+{sup 119}Sn systems have been measured. We aim to search for possible effects due to the different neutron transfer Q-values, by comparing the fusion cross sections for the two systems below the barrier. This experiment is the first step of a wider systematic aiming to study the above problems in collisions induced by stable and unstable Li isotopes on tin all forming the same compound nucleus.

  16. The growth and characterization of LiGd?(Mo0?)? single crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reimund, James Allyn

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ' C/second 37 Pyroelectric Current vs. Temperature dT/dt = 30' C/second 180' Domains (Gd (MoO ) ) 37 39 INTRODUCTION This thesis discusses the growth and some single crystalline properties of lithium-gadolinium-molybdate of the type LiGd (Mo...O ) 3 45' This compound is one of the three thus far discovered compounds of the lithium ? gadolinium-molybdate (LGMO) system. In general, this system can be expressed as Li2Mo04. XGd2(Mo04)3, where LiGd3(MoO, )5 4 5 single crystals synthesize when X...

  17. Hydrogen storage in LiAlH4 : Predictions of the crystal structures and reaction mechanisms of intermediate phases from quantum mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard III, William A.

    Hydrogen storage in LiAlH4 : Predictions of the crystal structures and reaction mechanisms in decomposition of the potential hydrogen storage material LiAlH4 . First, we explore the decomposition mechanism of monoclinic LiAlH4 into monoclinic Li3AlH6 plus face-centered cubic fcc Al and hydrogen. We find

  18. Geophysical inversion using petrophysical constraints with application to lithology differentiation Jiajia Sun and Yaoguo Li, Center for Gravity, Electrical and Magnetic Studies, Colorado School of Mines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiajia Sun and Yaoguo Li, Center for Gravity, Electrical and Magnetic Studies, Colorado School of Mines

  19. Compact Li-doped Gd{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} prepared with LiO{sub 0.5} self-flux

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wen, L.C.; Hsieh, H.Y.; Chang, S.C.; Lin, M.Y.; Lee, Y.H.; Su, W.P. [Department of Chemistry, Tamkang University, New Taipei City 25137, Taiwan (China); Kao, H.-C.I., E-mail: kaohci@mail.tku.edu.tw [Department of Chemistry, Tamkang University, New Taipei City 25137, Taiwan (China); Sheu, H.S.; Jang, L.Y. [National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Hsinchu 30076, Taiwan (China); Lee, M.C.; Lee, Y.S. [Institute of Nuclear Energy Research, Atomic Energy Council, Longtan 32546, Taiwan (China)

    2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphical abstract: Left figure is the unit cell a-axis of the GLT-2L (?), GLT (?) and GT (?) as a function of x. Both of the GLT-2L and GLT have the same results so that they have the same chemical formula, (Gd{sub 2?x}Li{sub x})Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7?x}, in which GT has a formula of Gd{sub 2?x}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7?x}. Relative densities are shown in the right figure. GLT-2L (?) has higher values than GLT (?). 2x moles of LiO{sub 0.5} were added as a self-flux to prepare GLT-2L at 1250 °C, which was about 300 °C lowered than required without the co-existence of the flux and Li ion substitution. - Highlights: • A new series of compounds with a formula as (Gd{sub 2?x}Li{sub x})Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7?x} was synthesized. • Each GLT-2L sample contains (Gd{sub 2?x}Li{sub x})Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7?x} and 2x moles of LiO{sub 0.5} self-flux. • 1250 °C was used to prepare the GLT-2L samples; 300 °C lower than required. • Electrical conductivity of the GLT-2L is not affected by the presence of the flux. • Average valence of the Ti ions is slightly less than 4. - Abstract: A series of (Gd{sub 2?x}Li{sub x})Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7?x} with x = 0.040–0.110 was first reported. Parent compound with 2x moles of LiO{sub 0.5} self-flux was prepared at 1250 °C and abbreviated as GLT-2L. Relative density of all the samples is higher than 92%. By the addition of flux and Li ions substitution, preparation temperature is lowered for more than 300 °C. Comparing the unit cell a-axis, GLT with a formula as (Gd{sub 2?x}Li{sub x})Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7?x} without flux addition has exactly the same as the GLT-2L with the same x. By the addition of flux, materials become more compact and grains grow bigger for the GLT-2L than the corresponding GLT samples. Electrical conductivity of a GLT-2L with x = 0.110 at 700 °C is 3 times larger than the measurements done by other research groups in the Gd{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7}. In order to demonstrate the successful substitution of the Li ion into the Gd site, a series of GT samples was prepared with a formula of Gd{sub 2?x}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7?1.5x}. With the same amount of x, every GLT samples have a longer unit cell a-axis than that of the GT. The difference is caused by the substitution of the Li ion into the Gd site. Valence of the Ti atoms of the GLT-2L samples is slightly less than 4 studied by the XANES spectroscopy.

  20. Second-Use Li-Ion Batteries to Aid Automotive and Utility Industries (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Repurposing Li-ion batteries at the end of useful life in electric drive vehicles could eliminate owners' disposal concerns and offer low-cost energy storage for certain applications.

  1. High Energy Density Li-ion Cells for EVs Based on Novel, High...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Storage Systems Vehicle Technologies Annual Merit Review 6182014 1 High Energy Density Li-ion Cells for EV's Based on Novel, High Voltage Cathode Material Systems Keith D. Kepler...

  2. LiNaK : multi-species apparatus for the study of ultracold quantum degenerate mixtures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santiago González, Ibon

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis describes the construction of a versatile apparatus to study ultracold quantum mixtures capable of simultaneously cooling fermionic ?Li and ??K, as well as the bosonic ?¹K. The main features of the experimental ...

  3. Spatial Sound Rendering Using Measured Room Impulse Responses Yan Li, Peter F. Driessen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Driessen, Peter F.

    Spatial Sound Rendering Using Measured Room Impulse Responses Yan Li, Peter F. Driessen Dept, Banff Centre Banff, Alberta, Canada Abstract-- Spatial sound rendering has many applications different quality and complexity requirements. This paper presents a new spatial sound rendering framework

  4. An ultra-compact and efficient Li-ion battery charger circuit for biomedical applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Do Valle, Bruno Guimaraes

    This paper describes an ultra-compact analog lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery charger for wirelessly powered implantable medical devices. The charger presented here takes advantage of the tanh output current profile of an ...

  5. Proceedings of the AD HOC Workshop on Ceramics for Li/FeS{sub 2} batteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Representatives from industry, the U.S. Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC), DOE, national laboratories, and other govt agencies met to develop recommendations and actions for accelerating the development of ceramic components critical to the successful introduction of the Li/FeS{sub 2} bipolar battery for electric vehicles. Most of the workshop is devoted to electrode materials, bipolar designs, separators, and bipolar plates. The bulk of this document is viewographs and is divided into: ceramics, USABC overview, SAFT`s Li/FeS{sub 2} USABC program, bipolar Li/FeS{sub 2} component development, design requirements for bipolar plates, separator design requirements, compatibility of ceramic insulators with lithium, characterization of MgO for use in separators, resistivity measurements of separators, sintered AlN separators for LiMS batteries, etc.

  6. Improved layered mixed transition metal oxides for Li-ion batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doeff, Marca M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    M n , ^ for Advanced Lithium-Ion Batteries," J. Electrochem.of LiCoi/3Nii/ Mn 02 for lithium-ion batteries," Chem.Mni/ 0 for advanced lithium-ion batteries," J. Power

  7. Effect of conductive additives in LiFePO4 cathode for lithium-ion batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shim, J.; Guerfi, A.; Zaghib, K.; Striebel, K.A.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cathode for Lithium-Ion Batteries J. Shim a , A. Guerfi b ,material for Li rechargeable batteries because of low-cost,is a part of BATT (Batteries for Advanced Transportation

  8. Low-Cost Graphite and Olivine-Based Materials for Li-Ion Batteries

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Graphite and Olivine-Based Materials for Li-Ion Batteries K. Zaghib Hydro-Qubec (IREQ), 1800 Lionel-Boulet Varennes, QC, Canada, J3X 1S1 BATT Review Meeting February 25 - 28,...

  9. Sen's Theorem: Geometric Proof and New Interpretations Lingfang (Ivy) Li and Donald G. Saari

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saari, Don

    Sen's Theorem: Geometric Proof and New Interpretations Lingfang (Ivy) Li and Donald G. Saari Dept liberal, paradox, decision theory 2 Saari's research was supported by NSF grant DMI 0233798. 1 #12;A

  10. Characterization of LiNi?.?Mn?.?O? Thin Film Cathode Prepared by Pulsed Laser Deposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xia, Hui

    LiNi?.?Mn?.?O? thin films have been grown by pulsed laser deposition (PLD) on stainless steel (SS) substrates. The crystallinity and structure of thin films were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD). Microstructure and ...

  11. Study on LiCl waste salt treatment process by layer melt crystallization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cho, Yung-Zun; Lee, Tae-Kyo; Choi, Jung-Hoon; Eun, Hee-Chul; Park, Hwan-Seo; Kim, In-Tae; Park, Geun-Il [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, 1045 Daedeok-daero, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 305-353 (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Layer melt crystallization operated in a static mode has been applied to separate Group I and II chlorides from surrogate LiCl waste salt. The effects of operating conditions such as crystal growing rate(or flux) and initial impurity concentration on separation (or concentration) of cesium, strontium and barium involved in a LiCl melts were analyzed. In a layer crystallization process, separation was impaired by occlusion of impurities and by residual melt adhering to LiCl crystal after at the end of the process. The crystal growth rate strongly affects the crystal structure, therefore the separation efficiency, while the effect of the initial Cs and Sr concentration in LiCl molten salt was nearly negligible. (authors)

  12. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2015: A 12V Start-Stop Li Polymer Battery Pack

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by LG Chem Power at 2015 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about A 12V start-stop Li polymer...

  13. Towards Quantifying the (In)Security of Networked Systems Xiaohu Li T. Paul Parker Shouhuai Xu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Shouhuai

    Towards Quantifying the (In)Security of Networked Systems Xiaohu Li T. Paul Parker Shouhuai Xu Traditional security analyses are often geared towards cryptographic primitives or protocols. Although approach. 1 Introduction Traditional security analyses are typically geared to- wards cryptographic

  14. The Li'an ("Docketing") Process: Barriers to Initiating Lawsuits in China and Possible Reforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheuk, Andrea

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Supreme People's Court ("SPC") found it necessary to pro-note 10, at 88-9. The 1999 SPC Five Year Reform Program ("On May 29, 1997, the SPC issued the Li'an ("Docketing") Work

  15. Solid-State Hydriding Mechanism in the LiBH4 + MgH2 System. ...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The LiBH4+MgH2 system has great potential in reversible hydrogen storage for fuel cell vehicles. However, it has always been dehydrogenated and re-hydrogenated in the liquid...

  16. Mesoscale Modeling of a Li-Ion Polymer Cell Chia-Wei Wanga,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sastry, Ann Marie

    Mesoscale Modeling of a Li-Ion Polymer Cell Chia-Wei Wanga, * and Ann Marie Sastrya,b,c, *,z, the study reported critical data required for mesoscale numerical simulation, including ionic con- ductivity

  17. Traka yon kretyen pandan vwayaj li : adaptasyon liv “Pilgrim’s Progress" / John Bunyan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paultre, Carrie?; Bunyan, John; Ross, Jim D.; Freeman, Bryant C.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    nan syM la. »4 Li fe lekti yon I6t pasaj nan Bib la: «Moun mwen fe gras la ap viv, paske li gen konfyans nan mwen. Men, si 1 vire do 1 tounen fe bak, li p ap fe ke m kontan. »5 Levanjil esplike Kretyen paw6l la konsa: «Men sa ki rive, ou te kite... rekonpans li nan lemonn ki ap vini an.» 27 Entepret: «Ougenrezon. Bagay nou wb ak je p ap dire non. Se sa je pa we ki eten£l.»4 Le sa a nan rev la, mwen wb Ent£pr£t pran men Kretyen epi 1 mennen 1 devan yon mi, kote ki te gen yon gwo dife k ap boule...

  18. Technical Note LiDAR-derived measures of hurricane-and restoration-generated beach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weishampel, John F.

    are particularly vulnerable, as they rely on specific beaches for reproduction and exhibit high-nest-site fidelityTechnical Note LiDAR-derived measures of hurricane- and restoration-generated beach morphodynamics

  19. Nanostructured ion beam-modified Ge films for high capacity Li ion battery anodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rudawski, N. G.; Darby, B. L.; Yates, B. R.; Jones, K. S. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611-6400 (United States); Elliman, R. G. [Department of Electronic Materials Engineering, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200 (Australia); Volinsky, A. A. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of South Florida, Tampa Florida 33620 (United States)

    2012-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Nanostructured ion beam-modified Ge electrodes fabricated directly on Ni current collector substrates were found to exhibit excellent specific capacities during electrochemical cycling in half-cell configuration with Li metal for a wide range of cycling rates. Structural characterization revealed that the nanostructured electrodes lose porosity during cycling but maintain excellent electrical contact with the metallic current collector substrate. These results suggest that nanostructured Ge electrodes have great promise for use as high performance Li ion battery anodes.

  20. Algorithms and Software Tools for Extracting Coastal Morphological Information from Airborne LiDAR Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Yige

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    ALGORITHMS AND SOFTWARE TOOLS FOR EXTRACTING COASTAL MORPHOLOGICAL INFORMATION FROM AIRBORNE LiDAR DATA A Thesis by YIGE GAO Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 2009 Major Subject: Geography ALGORITHMS AND SOFTWARE TOOLS FOR EXTRACTING COASTAL MORPHOLOGICAL INFORMATION FROM AIRBORNE LiDAR DATA A Thesis by YIGE GAO...