National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for item historical trends

  1. Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Corrective Measures Analysis > Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures Released: June 4, 2010 Download Full Report (PDF) This special report examines an underlying cause of the seasonal pattern in the balancing item published in the Natural Gas Monthly. Research finds that a significant portion of data collected on EIA’s primary monthly natural gas

  2. Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2010-01-01

    This special report examines an underlying cause of the seasonal pattern in the balancing item published in the Natural Gas Monthly.

  3. Operations Expenditures: Historical Trends and Continuing Challenges (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lantz, E.

    2013-05-01

    In this presentation for the American Wind Energy Association 2013 conference, NREL's Eric Lantz examines historical trends and continuing challenges of wind power operating expenses. Lowering such expenses could increase profitability and contribute to lowering the cost of energy.

  4. SI Engine Trends: A Historical Analysis with Future Projections

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pawlowski, Alexander; Splitter, Derek A

    2015-01-01

    It is well known that spark ignited engine performance and efficiency is closely coupled to fuel octane number. The present work combines historical and recent trends in spark ignition engines to build a database of engine design, performance, and fuel octane requirements over the past 80 years. The database consists of engine compression ratio, required fuel octane number, peak mean effective pressure, specific output, and combined unadjusted fuel economy for passenger vehicles and light trucks. Recent trends in engine performance, efficiency, and fuel octane number requirement were used to develop correlations of fuel octane number utilization, performance, specific output. The results show that historically, engine compression ratio and specific output have been strongly coupled to fuel octane number. However, over the last 15 years the sales weighted averages of compression ratios, specific output, and fuel economy have increased, while the fuel octane number requirement has remained largely unchanged. Using the developed correlations, 10-year-out projections of engine performance, design, and fuel economy are estimated for various fuel octane numbers, both with and without turbocharging. The 10-year-out projection shows that only by keeping power neutral while using 105 RON fuel will allow the vehicle fleet to meet CAFE targets if only the engine is relied upon to decrease fuel consumption. If 98 RON fuel is used, a power neutral fleet will have to reduce vehicle weight by 5%.

  5. Historical trends and extremes in boreal Alaska river basins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bennett, Katrina E.; Cannon, Alex J.; Hinzman, Larry

    2015-05-12

    Climate change will shift the frequency, intensity, duration and persistence of extreme hydroclimate events and have particularly disastrous consequences in vulnerable systems such as the warm permafrost-dominated Interior region of boreal Alaska. This work focuses on recent research results from nonparametric trends and nonstationary generalized extreme value (GEV) analyses at eight Interior Alaskan river basins for the past 50/60 years (1954/642013). Trends analysis of maximum and minimum streamflow indicates a strong (>+50%) and statistically significant increase in 11-day flow events during the late fall/winter and during the snowmelt period (late April/mid-May), followed by a significant decrease in the 11-day flow events during the post-snowmelt period (late May and into the summer). The AprilMayJune seasonal trends show significant decreases in maximum streamflow for snowmelt dominated systems (<50%) and glacially influenced basins (24% to 33%). Annual maximum streamflow trends indicate that most systems are experiencing declines, while minimum flow trends are largely increasing. Nonstationary GEV analysis identifies time-dependent changes in the distribution of spring extremes for snowmelt dominated and glacially dominated systems. Temperature in spring influences the glacial and high elevation snowmelt systems and winter precipitation drives changes in the snowmelt dominated basins. The Pacific Decadal Oscillation was associated with changes occurring in snowmelt dominated systems, and the Arctic Oscillation was linked to one lake dominated basin, with half of the basins exhibiting no change in response to climate variability. The paper indicates that broad scale studies examining trend and direction of change should employ multiple methods across various scales and consider regime dependent shifts to identify and understand changes in extreme streamflow within boreal forested watersheds of Alaska.

  6. Historical trends and extremes in boreal Alaska river basins

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Bennett, Katrina E.; Cannon, Alex J.; Hinzman, Larry

    2015-05-12

    Climate change will shift the frequency, intensity, duration and persistence of extreme hydroclimate events and have particularly disastrous consequences in vulnerable systems such as the warm permafrost-dominated Interior region of boreal Alaska. This work focuses on recent research results from nonparametric trends and nonstationary generalized extreme value (GEV) analyses at eight Interior Alaskan river basins for the past 50/60 years (1954/64–2013). Trends analysis of maximum and minimum streamflow indicates a strong (>+50%) and statistically significant increase in 11-day flow events during the late fall/winter and during the snowmelt period (late April/mid-May), followed by a significant decrease in the 11-day flowmore » events during the post-snowmelt period (late May and into the summer). The April–May–June seasonal trends show significant decreases in maximum streamflow for snowmelt dominated systems (<–50%) and glacially influenced basins (–24% to –33%). Annual maximum streamflow trends indicate that most systems are experiencing declines, while minimum flow trends are largely increasing. Nonstationary GEV analysis identifies time-dependent changes in the distribution of spring extremes for snowmelt dominated and glacially dominated systems. Temperature in spring influences the glacial and high elevation snowmelt systems and winter precipitation drives changes in the snowmelt dominated basins. The Pacific Decadal Oscillation was associated with changes occurring in snowmelt dominated systems, and the Arctic Oscillation was linked to one lake dominated basin, with half of the basins exhibiting no change in response to climate variability. The paper indicates that broad scale studies examining trend and direction of change should employ multiple methods across various scales and consider regime dependent shifts to identify and understand changes in extreme streamflow within boreal forested watersheds of Alaska.« less

  7. Historical trends and extremes in boreal Alaska river basins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bennett, Katrina E.; Cannon, Alex J.; Hinzman, Larry

    2015-05-12

    Climate change will shift the frequency, intensity, duration and persistence of extreme hydroclimate events and have particularly disastrous consequences in vulnerable systems such as the warm permafrost-dominated Interior region of boreal Alaska. This work focuses on recent research results from nonparametric trends and nonstationary generalized extreme value (GEV) analyses at eight Interior Alaskan river basins for the past 50/60 years (1954/64–2013). Trends analysis of maximum and minimum streamflow indicates a strong (>+50%) and statistically significant increase in 11-day flow events during the late fall/winter and during the snowmelt period (late April/mid-May), followed by a significant decrease in the 11-day flow events during the post-snowmelt period (late May and into the summer). The April–May–June seasonal trends show significant decreases in maximum streamflow for snowmelt dominated systems (<–50%) and glacially influenced basins (–24% to –33%). Annual maximum streamflow trends indicate that most systems are experiencing declines, while minimum flow trends are largely increasing. Nonstationary GEV analysis identifies time-dependent changes in the distribution of spring extremes for snowmelt dominated and glacially dominated systems. Temperature in spring influences the glacial and high elevation snowmelt systems and winter precipitation drives changes in the snowmelt dominated basins. The Pacific Decadal Oscillation was associated with changes occurring in snowmelt dominated systems, and the Arctic Oscillation was linked to one lake dominated basin, with half of the basins exhibiting no change in response to climate variability. The paper indicates that broad scale studies examining trend and direction of change should employ multiple methods across various scales and consider regime dependent shifts to identify and understand changes in extreme streamflow within boreal forested watersheds of Alaska.

  8. Fact #599: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend for Light Vehicle Sales |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy 599: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend for Light Vehicle Sales Fact #599: November 30, 2009 Historical Trend for Light Vehicle Sales The sales of light vehicles dropped from 16.1 million vehicles in 2007 to 13.2 million vehicles in 2008. Light vehicle sales haven't dropped off that sharply in one year since 1974, when sales fell by 3 million vehicles from the 1973 sales level. Though the sales decline in the early 1980's was large, the decline was spread over several

  9. Consumption trend analysis in the industrial sector: Regional historical trends. Draft report (Final)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-05-01

    Data on the use of natural gas, electricity, distillate and residual fuel oil, coal, and purchased coke were collected from the United States Bureau of the Census and aggregated nationally and by Census Region. Trend profiles for each fuel and industry were developed and economic, regulatory, and regional factors contributing to these trends were examined. The recession that followed the OPEC embargo in 1973 affected the industrial sector and the heavily industrialized regions of the country most severely. Both industrial production and fuel consumption fell significantly in 1975. As production recovered, spiraling fuel prices promoted conservation efforts, and overall fuel consumption remained at pre-recession levels. From 1975 to 1977 natural gas consumption decreased in almost all the industries examined with curtailments of gas supplies contributing to this trend.

  10. Photovoltaic System Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near-Term Projections 2013 Edition (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feldman, D.; Margolis, R.; James, T.; Goodrich, A.; Barbose, G.; Dargouth, N.; Weaver, S.; Wiser, R.

    2013-09-01

    This briefing provides a high-level overview of historical, recent, and projected near-term PV system pricing trends in the United States, drawing on several ongoing research activities from the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. It also discusses the different methodologies and factors that impact the estimated price of a PV system, such as system size, location, technology, and reporting methods. These factors, including timing, can have a significant impact on system pricing.

  11. Photovoltaic System Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near-Term Projections. 2014 Edition (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feldman, D.; Barbose, G.; Margolis, R.; James, T.; Weaver, S.; Darghouth, N.; Fu, R.; Davidson, C.; Booth, S.; Wiser, R.

    2014-09-01

    This presentation, based on research at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, provides a high-level overview of historical, recent, and projected near-term PV pricing trends in the United States focusing on the installed price of PV systems. It also attempts to provide clarity surrounding the wide variety of potentially conflicting data available about PV system prices. This PowerPoint is the third edition from this series.

  12. Photovoltaic System Pricing Trends. Historical, Recent, and Near-Term Projections, 2015 Edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feldman, David; Barbose, Galen; Margolis, Robert; Bolinger, Mark; Chung, Donald; Fu, Ran; Seel, Joachim; Davidson, Carolyn; Darghouth, Naïm; Wiser, Ryan

    2015-08-25

    This presentation, based on research at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, provides a high-level overview of historical, recent, and projected near-term PV pricing trends in the United States focusing on the installed price of PV systems. It also attempts to provide clarity surrounding the wide variety of potentially conflicting data available about PV system prices. This PowerPoint is the fourth edition from this series.

  13. Photovoltaic System Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near-Term Projections- 2014 Edition

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This is the third edition in an annual briefing prepared jointly by LBNL and NREL intended to provide a high-level overview of historical, recent, and projected near-term PV system pricing trends in the United States. The briefing draws on several ongoing research activities at the two labs, including LBNL's annual Tracking the Sun report series, NREL's bottom-up PV cost modeling, and NREL's synthesis of PV market data and projections. The briefing examines progress in PV price reductions to help DOE and other PV stakeholders manage the transition to a market-driven PV industry, and integrates different perspectives and methodologies for characterizing PV system pricing, in order to provide a broader perspective on underlying trends within the industry. Median reported prices for systems completed in 2013 were $4.69/W for residential installations, $3.89/W for commercial installations and $3.00/W for utility-scale installations.

  14. Photovoltaic System Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near-Term Projections 2015 Edition

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Feldman, David; Barbose, Galen; Margolis, Robert; Bolinger, Mark; Chung, Donald; Fu, Ran; Seel, Joachim; Davidson, Carolyn; Wiser, Ryan

    2016-05-13

    This is the fourth edition in an annual briefing prepared jointly by LBNL and NREL intended to provide a high-level overview of historical, recent, and projected near-term PV system pricing trends in the United States. The briefing draws on several ongoing research activities at the two labs, including LBNL's annual Tracking the Sun report series, NREL's bottom-up PV cost modeling, and NREL's synthesis of PV market data and projections. The briefing examines progress in PV price reductions to help DOE and other PV stakeholders manage the transition to a market-driven PV industry, and integrates different perspectives and methodologies for characterizing PV system pricing, in order to provide a broader perspective on underlying trends within the industry.

  15. Photovoltaic System Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near-Term Projections (Presentation), Sunshot, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    gov/sunshot energy.gov/sunshot Photovoltaic System Pricing Trends Historical, Recent, and Near-Term Projections 2014 Edition David Feldman 1 , Galen Barbose 2 , Robert Margolis 1 , Ted James 1 , Samantha Weaver 2 , Naïm Darghouth 2 , Ran Fu 1 , Carolyn Davidson 1 , Sam Booth 1 , and Ryan Wiser 2 September 22, 2014 1 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 2 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory NREL/PR-6A20-62558 energy.gov/sunshot Contents * Introduction and Summary * Historical and Recent

  16. Historical Trends in the Use of Radiation Therapy for Pediatric Cancers: 1973-2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jairam, Vikram; Roberts, Kenneth B.; Yale Cancer Center, New Haven, Connecticut; Cancer Outcomes, Public Policy, and Effectiveness Research Center at Yale, New Haven, Connecticut ; Yu, James B.

    2013-03-01

    Purpose: This study was undertaken to assess historical trends in the use of radiation therapy (RT) for pediatric cancers over the past 4 decades. Methods: The National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database of the 9 original tumor registries (SEER-9) was queried to identify patients aged 0 to 19 years with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, bone and joint cancer, cancer of the brain and nervous system, Hodgkin lymphoma, neuroblastoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, soft tissue cancer, Wilms tumor, or retinoblastoma from 1973 to 2008. Patients were grouped into 4-year time epochs. The number and percentage of patients who received RT as part of their initial treatment were calculated per epoch by each diagnosis group from 1973 to 2008. Results: RT use for acute lymphoblastic leukemia, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and retinoblastoma declined sharply from 57%, 57%, and 30% in 1973 to 1976 to 11%, 15%, and 2%, respectively, in 2005 to 2008. Similarly, smaller declines in RT use were also seen in brain cancer (70%-39%), bone cancer (41%-21%), Wilms tumor (75%-53%), and neuroblastoma (60%-25%). RT use curves for Wilms tumor and neuroblastoma were nonlinear with nadirs in 1993 to 1996 at 39% and 19%, respectively. There were minimal changes in RT use for Hodgkin lymphoma, soft tissue cancer, or acute myeloid leukemia, roughly stable at 72%, 40%, and 11%, respectively. Almost all patients treated with RT were given external beam RT exclusively. However, from 1985 to 2008, treatments involving brachytherapy, radioisotopes, or combination therapy increased in frequency, comprising 1.8%, 4.6%, and 11.9% of RT treatments in brain cancer, soft tissue cancer, and retinoblastoma, respectively. Conclusions: The use of RT is declining over time in 7 of 10 pediatric cancer categories. A limitation of this study is a potential under-ascertainment of RT use in the SEER-9 database including the delayed use of RT.

  17. Historical Perspective of Clean Cities and Alternative Fuels Data Center Trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Connor, J. K.

    2007-09-01

    This document draws on the wealth of information housed in the U.S. Department of Energy's Alternative Fuels Data Center at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Trends and analyses are examined from data as far back as 1991. The findings of those trends and salient features are summarized.

  18. The evolving price of household LED lamps: Recent trends and historical comparisons for the US market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerke, Brian F.; Ngo, Allison T.; Alstone, Andrea L.; Fisseha, Kibret S.

    2014-10-14

    In recent years, household LED light bulbs (LED A lamps) have undergone a dramatic price decline. Since late 2011, we have been collecting data, on a weekly basis, for retail offerings of LED A lamps on the Internet. The resulting data set allows us to track the recent price decline in detail. LED A lamp prices declined roughly exponentially with time in 2011-2014, with decline rates of 28percent to 44percent per year depending on lumen output, and with higher-lumen lamps exhibiting more rapid price declines. By combining the Internet price data with publicly available lamp shipments indices for the US market, it is also possible to correlate LED A lamp prices against cumulative production, yielding an experience curve for LED A lamps. In 2012-2013, LED A lamp prices declined by 20-25percent for each doubling in cumulative shipments. Similar analysis of historical data for other lighting technologies reveals that LED prices have fallen significantly more rapidly with cumulative production than did their technological predecessors, which exhibited a historical decline of 14-15percent per doubling of production.

  19. Action Items

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ACTION ITEMS Presentation to the DOE High Level Waste Corporate Board July 29, 2009 Kurt Gerdes Office of Waste Processing DOE-EM Office of Engineering & Technology 2 ACTION ITEMS...

  20. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    December 12, 2013 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Dr. Dr. Peter Gregory, Editor in Chief, Advanced Materials Title: Publishing Trends in Science and How to Survive Peer Review Location: 66-Auditorium Dr. Gregory will reflect on publishing developments over the last 25 years (while celebrating 25 years ofAdvanced Materials) and concentrate on the factors which influence competitiveness, cost, and international character of scientific communication. He will also describe the peer review process "from

  1. Drivers, Trends and Mitigation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blanco, Arthur S.; Gerlagh, Reyer; Suh, Sangwon; Barrett, John A.; de Coninck, Heleen; Diaz Morejon, Cristobal Felix; Mathur, Ritu; Nakicenovic, Nebojsa; Ahenkorah, Alfred Ofosu; Pan, Jiahua; Pathak, Himanshu; Rice, Jake; Richels, Richard G.; Smith, Steven J.; Stern, David; Toth, Ferenc L.; Zhou, Peter

    2014-12-01

    Chapter 5 analyzes the anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emission trends until the present and the main drivers that explain those trends. The chapter uses different perspectives to analyze past GHG-emissions trends, including aggregate emissions flows and per capita emissions, cumulative emissions, sectoral emissions, and territory-based vs. consumption-based emissions. In all cases, global and regional trends are analyzed. Where appropriate, the emission trends are contextualized with long-term historic developments in GHG emissions extending back to 1750.

  2. ADMIN Citation Item Title Item Summary Sub Item 1 Title Sub Item 2 Summary

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ADMIN 1 Revision September 2015 Previous ADMIN 1 guidance edition: http://www.energy.gov/cio/downloads/administrative-records-schedule-1-personnel-records-revision-3 ADMIN Citation Item Title Item Summary Sub Item 1 Title Sub Item 2 Summary Sub Item 2 Applicability Media Applicability Disposition NARA Approved Citation a. Transferred employees. Department-wide Media-neutral See Chapter 7 of The Guide to Personnel Recordkeeping for instructions relating to folders of employees transferred to

  3. Action Item Review and Status

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Board Action Items Action Item Resolution Action Item Strategic Planning Initiative Optimization Study Resolution Presentation by S. Schneider (HLW System Integrated Project...

  4. Notes and Action Items

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Notes and Action Items Notes and Action Items ERSUG Action Items from June 1996 meeting at Germantown, MD Get DOE staff on mailers for broadcast of ERSUG issues Responsibility: Kendall and Kitchens Review and comment on ERSUG Proposal to SAC Responsibility: All of ERSUG Comments to Rick Kendall by July 17th email: ra_kendall@pnl.gov Fax : (509) 375-6631 Review and comment on Requirements Document "Greenbook" Responsibility: All of ERSUG Comments to Rick Kendall by August 7th email:

  5. Commercial Items Test Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Attached for your information is a copy of Civilian Agency Acquisition Council (CAAC) Letter 2009-04. It advises that the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 201 0, Section 8 16 authorizes extension of the Commercial Items Test Program from January 1,20 10 to January 1,20 12 and that an expedited FAR Case is being processed to insert the new date at FAR 13.500(d). Also attached is a class deviation authorizing the use of simplified acquisition procedures for commercial items up to $5.5 million [$I1 million for acquisitions of commercial items under FAR 13.500(e)

  6. Item Management Control System

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    1993-08-06

    The Item Management Control System (IMCS) has been developed at Idaho National Engineering Laboratory to assist in organizing collections of documents using an IBM-PC or similar DOS system platform.

  7. Notes and Action Items

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Notes and Action Items Notes and Action Items Report on the NUGEX business meeting of June 6, 2000, in Oak Ridge Minute notes by Bas Braams First of all, many thanks to the organizers of the preceding NUG meeting: Roberta Boucher, David Dean, Brian Hingerty, Bill Kramer, Donald Spong and Malcolm Stocks. Likewise thanks to Brian Hingerty and Mike Minkoff for organizing the Users Helping Users events, and to Tom DeBoni, Osni Marques, Jeffrey Squyres and David Turner for the NERSC training classes.

  8. Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    1997-01-01

    Examines historical trends and focuses on major petroleum issues and the events they represent. It analyzes different dimensions of the petroleum industry and related markets in terms of how they relate to the volatility in petroleum markets.

  9. Historic Properties

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of its historic properties. The National Park Service would provide interpretation, education, and technical preservation assistance for properties at LANL. Potential Los...

  10. Pre-2012 News Items

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Pre-2012 News Items Project and Communication Milestones: April 4, 2011: MINERvA receives Secretary's Award of Achievement March 14, 2012: Scientists send encoded message through rock via neutrino beam A particle physics private eye takes on the great interaction caper 2006 Fermilab Today Series: February 2, 2006: MINERvA Takes Point-Blank Aim at Neutrino Mysteries February 22, 2006: MINERvA Recycles to Tap Many Lab Resources March 1, 2006: Students on MINERvA Get to see End Result March 8,

  11. DOE - NNSA/NFO -- Featured Items

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Featured Items includeslanguage.htm Featured Items The Nevada Field Office Featured Items section provides quick access to brief program updates and some of the more popular new ...

  12. SF 6432-CI Commercial Items

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    150,000 APPLY TO ALL CONTRACTS EXCEEDING 5,000,000 Control : SF 6432-CI Title: Standard Terms and Conditions for Commercial Items Owner: Procurement Policy Department...

  13. CRAD, Suspect/Counterfeit Item

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Management should have a formal system under Quality Assurance with adequate controls defined and implemented to identify and preclude Suspect/Counterfeit Items (S/CI) from being introduced into safety systems and applications that create potential hazards.

  14. Historical. Information.

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Historical. Information. ~ H.. 1 . General Project Rulison Manager' s Report, April. 1973 DISCLAIMER Portions of this document may be illegible in electronic image products. Images are produced from the best available original document. PROJECT RULISON MANAGER'S R E P O R T APRIL 197.3 UNITED STATES ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION NEVADA OPERATIONS OFFICE Las Vegas, Nevada PREFACE , The R u l i s o n ' p r o j e c t , d e t o n a t e d September 1 0 , 1969, 'was t h e second n u c l e a r . d e t o n a

  15. Historical Data

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Data Historical Data Hopper Hours Used Hours used per day on Hopper. Read More » Hopper Job Size Charts Fractional Jobs The following charts show the fraction of hours used on Hopper in each of five job-core-size bins: 2014 2013 2012 2011 Large Jobs The following charts show the fraction of hours used on Hopper by jobs using greater than 16,384 cores: 2014 2013 2012 ... Read More » Carver Hours Used Hours used per day on Carver. Read More » Edison Phase I Hours Used Hours used per day on

  16. EM Historical Timeline | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EM Historical Timeline EM Historical Timeline

  17. Financial trends of leading US oil companies: 1968-1985: Discussion paper No. 017R

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sowell, E.

    1986-10-01

    This study presents a compilation of principal categories of financial data for a sample of leading US based oil companies for the years 1968 through 1985. The categories contained in the compilation are annual financial inflows and outflows, profitability measures and financial position. The period selected exhibits trends prior to and since the Arab oil embargo of 1973/1974. The study is organized into two sections. The first contains a discussion of: (1) the major components of the companies' aggregate primary financial statements; (2) period and subperiod trends of selected items (e.g., revenues, net income, cash flow, capital expenditures); and (3) analytical relationships among financial items, as well as their trends (e.g., various measures of profitability, proportion of cash flow allocated to capital expenditures, liquidity ratios, dividend payout ratios). Because of the interrelationship of the primary financial statements, discussion of some items may be subsumed under more than one content heading; thus, net income is covered not only under that heading, but also in connection with profitability, sources of funds and capital expenditures. Where appropriate, data for the sample of companies under study are compared to oil company aggregates developed by other organizations. Similarly, selected comparisons are made in financial data between oil and non-oil companies. The second section of the paper contains comprehensive tables setting forth the data and ratios on which the discussion is based. The purposes of this paper are: (1) to serve as a financial reference source for the API sample of companies (see Appendix A); (2) to present this material for a meaningful historical period; and (3) to elucidate key aspects of oil company financial performance. 6 figs., 6 tabs.

  18. Historical Natural Gas Annual

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    6 The Historical Natural Gas Annual contains historical information on supply and disposition of natural gas at the national, regional, and State level as well as prices at...

  19. Historical Natural Gas Annual

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7 The Historical Natural Gas Annual contains historical information on supply and disposition of natural gas at the national, regional, and State level as well as prices at...

  20. Historical Natural Gas Annual

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    8 The Historical Natural Gas Annual contains historical information on supply and disposition of natural gas at the national, regional, and State level as well as prices at...

  1. JOBAID-SELF ASSIGNING COURSES (ITEMS)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In this jobaid you will learn to use the Course Catalog, Browse Catalog, Recommended Items, Locate and Self-Assign Items (Courses) Using the Search Catalog features, Narrow Course Searches using...

  2. SciTech Connect: Item Not Found

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Item Not Found Item Not Found The item you requested, OSTI ID 1115360, is not available in this collection. If you followed a link to this page, that link is outdated or contains an error. Search SciTech Connect SciTech Connect Home

  3. SF 6432-CI Commercial Items

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    11/17/15 Page 1 of 16 Printed copies of this document are uncontrolled. Retrieve latest version electronically. SANDIA CORPORATION SF 6432-CI (11/2015) SECTION II STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COMMERCIAL ITEMS THE FOLLOWING CLAUSES APPLY TO THIS CONTRACT AS INDICATED UNLESS SPECIFICALLY DELETED, OR EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT THEY ARE SPECIFICALLY SUPPLEMENTED OR AMENDED IN WRITING IN THE COVER PAGE OR SECTION I. (CTRL+CLICK ON A LINK BELOW TO ADVANCE DIRECTLY TO THAT SECTION) ACCEPTANCE OF TERMS

  4. New technologies for item monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abbott, J.A.; Waddoups, I.G.

    1993-12-01

    This report responds to the Department of Energy`s request that Sandia National Laboratories compare existing technologies against several advanced technologies as they apply to DOE needs to monitor the movement of material, weapons, or personnel for safety and security programs. The authors describe several material control systems, discuss their technologies, suggest possible applications, discuss assets and limitations, and project costs for each system. The following systems are described: WATCH system (Wireless Alarm Transmission of Container Handling); Tag system (an electrostatic proximity sensor); PANTRAK system (Personnel And Material Tracking); VRIS (Vault Remote Inventory System); VSIS (Vault Safety and Inventory System); AIMS (Authenticated Item Monitoring System); EIVS (Experimental Inventory Verification System); Metrox system (canister monitoring system); TCATS (Target Cueing And Tracking System); LGVSS (Light Grid Vault Surveillance System); CSS (Container Safeguards System); SAMMS (Security Alarm and Material Monitoring System); FOIDS (Fiber Optic Intelligence & Detection System); GRADS (Graded Radiation Detection System); and PINPAL (Physical Inventory Pallet).

  5. Petroleum Marketing Annual Historical

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Historical 2009 Released August 2010 2008 Released August 2009 2007 Released August 2008 2006 Released August 2007 2005 Released August 2006 2004 Released August 2005 2003 Released...

  6. ARM - Historical Visitor Statistics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Operational Visitors and Accounts Data Archive and Usage (October 1995 - Present) Historical Visitor Statistics As a national user facility, ARM is required to report...

  7. Historical Natural Gas Annual

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Historical Natural Gas Annual . 1996 Published October 1997 1997 Published October 1998 1998 Published October 1999 1999 Published October 2000 2000 Published December 2001

  8. Photovoltaic System Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Laboratory. * Chung, D.; Davidson, C.; Fu, R.; Ardani, K. Margolis, R. (2015). U.S. Photovoltaic (PV) Prices and Cost Breakdowns: Q1 2015 Benchmarks for Residential, Commercial,...

  9. Historical impacts and future trends in industrial cogeneration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bluestein, J.; Lihn, M.

    1999-07-01

    Cogeneration, also known as combined heat and power (CHP), is the combined sequential generation of electricity and thermal or electric energy. The technology has been known essentially since the first commercial generation of electricity as a high efficiency technology option. After a period of decline, its use increased significantly during the 1980s and it is receiving renewed interest lately as a means of increasing efficiency and reducing emissions of air pollutants including carbon emissions. New and developing technology options have added to this potential. Forecasts of future growth and efforts to stimulate cogeneration need to take into account the history of the technology, the factors that have driven it in the past, and factors which could stimulate or retard future growth. This paper reviews and analyzes these factors and looks toward the future potential for cogeneration.

  10. ARM - Historical Archive

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    govPublicationsHistorical Archive Publications Journal Articles Conference Documents Program Documents & Technical Reports Publications Database Public Information Materials Image Library Videos Publication Resources Submit a Publication Publishing Procedures ARM Style Guide (PDF, 448KB) Acronyms Glossary Logos Contacts RSS for Publications Historical Archive Science Plan for the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program (ARM), February 1996 (PDF, 1,325K) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement

  11. Calorimetry of low mass Pu239 items

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cremers, Teresa L; Sampson, Thomas E

    2010-01-01

    Calorimetric assay has the reputation of providing the highest precision and accuracy of all nondestructive assay measurements. Unfortunately, non-destructive assay practitioners and measurement consumers often extend, inappropriately, the high precision and accuracy of calorimetric assay to very low mass items. One purpose of this document is to present more realistic expectations for the random uncertainties associated with calorimetric assay for weapons grade plutonium items with masses of 200 grams or less.

  12. Suspect/Counterfeit Item Awareness Training Manual

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Suspect/Counterfeit Items Awareness Training U.S. Department of Energy Health, Safety and Security Office of Corporate Safety Analysis This training document is in the process of being revised by the Office of Analysis (HS-24) through a partnership with the Energy Facility Contractors Group. In the interim, the Suspect/ Counterfeit Headmark List (page 11) has been updated with the most current version. June 2007 Revision 6 Suspect/Counterfeit Items Training Sponsored by the Office of Analysis

  13. Implementing Solar Photovoltaic Projects on Historic Buildings and in Historic Districts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kandt, A.; Hotchkiss, E.; Walker, A.

    2011-01-01

    Despite a global recession, the number of photovoltaic (PV) installations in the United States grew 30% from 2008 to 2009. A number of trends point toward continued growth of new PV installations. The efficiency of solar panels is increasing, while installation costs are going down. At the same time, federal, state, and local regulations are requiring that greater amounts of energy must come from renewable sources. Incentives for solar power technology implementation are being created and regulatory barriers removed. Corporations and governments are focusing on solar power to demonstrate leadership in environmental sustainability and resource conservation. Architects and builders are including PV arrays as a way to meet green building standards and property owners are seeking PV as a way to reduce their utility bills, as well as their carbon footprints. This publication focuses on the implementation of PV systems on historic properties. Many private property owners, as well as local, state, and national government entities, are seeking guidance on how best to integrate solar PV installations on historic buildings. Historic preservationists maintain that preserving, reusing, and maintaining historic structures is a key sustainable design strategy while also recognizing the importance of accommodating renewable energy technologies where they are appropriate. In some cases, however, conflicts have arisen over the installation of PV panels on historic properties. Addressing these conflicts and providing guidance regarding solutions and best practices is an important step toward resolving or eliminating barriers. Historic properties and districts in the United States provide tangible connections to the nation's past. Thousands of buildings, sites, districts, structures, and objects have been recognized for their historic and architectural significance. Local, state, and national designations of historic properties provide recognition, protection, and incentives that

  14. Historic Building Renovations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    When a Federal agency undertakes a renovation to an historic building, the renovation team must consider not only the uses and needs of the facility, but also a range of issues related to historic preservation. Integrating renewable energy such as solar and wind into an historic renovation has been accomplished successfully by agencies; the design and placement of any renewable energy system must be closely integrated with the overall design plans. Any renewable energy additions must maintain the integrity and defining characteristics of the building.

  15. Trends in stationary energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-04-01

    Trends in Stationary Energy Lunch Presentation for the 2013 Building Technologies Office's Program Peer Review

  16. Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-52 Item Subject FAR...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-52 Item Subject FAR case I Sustainable Acquisition ... VI Technical Amendments NA Item I--Sustainable Acquisition (FAR Case 2010-001) ...

  17. Integrated Program Management Report (IPMR) Data Item Description...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Integrated Program Management Report (IPMR) Data Item Description (DID) Integrated Program Management Report (IPMR) Data Item Description (DID) Integrated Program Management Report...

  18. Consensus Action Items from CHP Roadmap Process, June 2001 |...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Consensus Action Items from CHP Roadmap Process, June 2001 Consensus Action Items from CHP Roadmap Process, June 2001 This paper discusses three main objectives in the CHP ...

  19. Denison Dam Historical Generation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 300,000 350,000 400,000 450,000 500,000 (MWh) Denison Dam Historical Generation

  20. Historical Monthly Energy Review

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    73-92) Distribution Category UC-950 Historical Monthly Energy Review 1973-1992 Energy Information Administration Office of Energy Markets and End Use U.S. Department of Energy...

  1. Hawaii State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    More Documents & Publications New Hampshire State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Illinois State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Alabama State Historic ...

  2. Wisconsin State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Offices, and State Historic Preservation Offices Illinois State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement New Hampshire State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement

  3. Historical Natural Gas Annual 1999

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    1999 The Historical Natural Gas Annual contains historical information on supply and disposition of natural gas at the national, regional, and State level as well as prices at...

  4. Manhattan Project National Historical Park

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Manhattan Project National Historical Park U.S. Interior Secretary Ken Salazar recommended on July 13, 2011 that Congress establish a Manhattan Project National Historical Park. He...

  5. CHAPS: status of issues and action items

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4, 2007 CHAPS: status of issues and action items. Items to watch are shown in bold. 1. Our most recent 'off-line' conference call was on March 30, with Yin-Nan, Liz, John J. Betsy, and John H. Details of AMS plumbing were discussed. 2. Status of CVI: a. It has been installed and test flown, 3/14 & 3/16. b. We are working on an instability in one of the flow meters (feedback with the zero-air regulator?) c. Will be flown again with nephs and psaps, and again with AMS d. See full status of

  6. CITSS Configurable Item List: COTS Software | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Configurable Item List: COTS Software CITSS Configurable Item List: COTS Software CITSS Configurable Item List: COTS Software CITSS Configurable Item List: COTS Software (44.56 KB) More Documents & Publications CITSS Project Plan CITSS Project Plan Software Configuration Management Plan

  7. Historical Resources | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Historical Resources Historical Resources Historical Resources New! Manhattan Project National Historical Park New! K-25 Virtual Museum The Department of Energy maintains and makes accessible to the general public a wide variety of historical resources. These include published and online histories of the Department and its predecessor agencies and records, exhibits, museums, and tours available online and at various locations both within and outside the Department. The Department's Office of

  8. Suspect and Counterfeit Items Memo | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Suspect and Counterfeit Items Memo Suspect and Counterfeit Items Memo The issue of Suspect/Counterfeit Items (S/CI), specifically electronic components and integrated circuits, is an increasing problem throughout the nuclear industry. Suspect and Counterfeit Items Memo (381.26 KB) More Documents & Publications Technical Standards Newsletter - October 2015 Suspect/Counterfeit Items Awareness Training Manual Visiting Speaker Program - May 12, 2011

  9. Bandwidth Historical Peak Days

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bandwidth Historical Peak Days Bandwidth Historical Peak Days These plots show yearly peak days from 2000 to the present. BE CAREFUL because the graphs are autoscaling - check the scales on each axis before you compare graphs. Note that the graph for current year shows the data for the year-to-date peak. Transfer Rate vs. Size Transfer Rate vs. Size Transfer Rate vs. Size Transfer Rate vs. Size Transfer Rate vs. Size Transfer Rate vs. Size Transfer Rate vs. Size Transfer Rate vs. Size Transfer

  10. Paducah Site Historical Timeline | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Site Background » Paducah Site Historical Timeline Paducah Site Historical Timeline

  11. Petroleum 1996 - issues and trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-09-01

    Increasingly, users of the Energy Information Administration`s petroleum data and analytical reports have expressed an interest in a recurring report that takes a broad view of the petroleum sector. What is sought is some perspective on the complex interrelationships that comprise an industry and markets accounting for 40 percent of the energy consumed in the United States and ranging from the drilling rig in the oil field to the pump at the local gasoline station. This report comprehensively examines historical trends, and selectively focuses on major issues and the events they represent. It analyzes different dimensions of the industry and related markets in terms of how they relate to a common theme, in this case, the volatility in petroleum markets.

  12. Historical Network Maps

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Network Maps Network Traffic Volume Historical Network Maps Network Facts & Stats Connected Sites Peering Connections ESnet Site Availabiliy OSCARS Fasterdata IPv6 Network Network Performance Tools The ESnet Engineering Team Network R&D Software-Defined Networking (SDN) Experimental Network Testbeds Performance (perfSONAR) Software & Tools Development Data for Researchers Partnerships Publications Workshops Science Engagement Move your data Programs & Workshops Science

  13. Historical Significance Dropping

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Historical Significance Dropping the Ball NNSS is known for more than just nuclear past. NvE celebrates employees with picnics. U1a Facility, Icecap become testing grounds for unique physics experiments. See page 8. See page 4. NNSA Head Frank Klotz Visits NLV, NNSS Facilities On May 6, the National Nuclear Security Administration's new administrator Frank Klotz conducted an all-hands meeting with employees of the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) and the National Nuclear Security

  14. Washington State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Energy Washington State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Washington State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office. state_historic_preservation_programmatic_agreement_wa.pdf (627.44 KB) More Documents & Publications Kansas State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement South Dakota State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Utah State Historic

  15. California State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Energy California State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement California State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office. state_historic_preservation_programmatic_agreement_ca.pdf (1.33 MB) More Documents & Publications Arizona State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Delaware State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Florida State Historic

  16. Manhattan Project National Historical Park

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Project » Manhattan Project Historical Resources Manhattan Project Historical Resources New! Manhattan Project National Historical Park New! K-25 Virtual Museum The Department of Energy has developed and made available to the public--in print, online, and on display--a variety of Manhattan Project historical resources. These include histories, websites, reports and document collections, and exhibits and tours. Histories produced by the Department include The Manhattan Project, which provides a

  17. Annual Report on U.S. Wind Power Installation, Cost, and Performance Trends: 2007 (Revised)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiser, R.; Bolinger, M.

    2008-05-01

    This report focuses on key trends in the U.S. wind power market, with an emphasis on the latest year, and presents a wealth of data, some of which has not historically been mined by wind power analysts.

  18. California State Historic Preservation Officer | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Historic Preservation Officer Jump to: navigation, search Logo: California State Historic Preservation Officer Name: California State Historic Preservation Officer Address: Dept....

  19. DOE - NNSA/NFO -- Historical Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Historical Publications NNSANFO Language Options U.S. DOENNSA - Nevada Field Office Historical Publications U.S. Department of Energy has an abundance of historical information ...

  20. Guide to good practices for the development of test items

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-01-01

    While the methodology used in developing test items can vary significantly, to ensure quality examinations, test items should be developed systematically. Test design and development is discussed in the DOE Guide to Good Practices for Design, Development, and Implementation of Examinations. This guide is intended to be a supplement by providing more detailed guidance on the development of specific test items. This guide addresses the development of written examination test items primarily. However, many of the concepts also apply to oral examinations, both in the classroom and on the job. This guide is intended to be used as guidance for the classroom and laboratory instructor or curriculum developer responsible for the construction of individual test items. This document focuses on written test items, but includes information relative to open-reference (open book) examination test items, as well. These test items have been categorized as short-answer, multiple-choice, or essay. Each test item format is described, examples are provided, and a procedure for development is included. The appendices provide examples for writing test items, a test item development form, and examples of various test item formats.

  1. Calorimeter measurements of low wattage items

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cremers, T.L.; Camp, K.L.; Hildner, S.S.; Sedlacek, W.A.

    1993-08-01

    The transition of DOE facilities from production to decontamination and decommissioning has led to more measurements of waste, scrap, and other less attractive materials. The difficulty that these materials pose for segmented gamma scanning and neutron counting has increased the use of calorimetric assay for very low wattage items (< 250 millwatts). We have measured well characterized {sup 238}Pu oxide ranging in wattage from 25 to 500 milliwatts in the calorimeters at the Los Alamos Plutonium Facility and report the error and the precision of the measurements.

  2. Feed mechanism and method for feeding minute items

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stringer, Timothy Kent; Yerganian, Simon Scott

    2012-11-06

    A feeding mechanism and method for feeding minute items, such as capacitors, resistors, or solder preforms. The mechanism is adapted to receive a plurality of the randomly-positioned and randomly-oriented extremely small or minute items, and to isolate, orient, and position the items in a specific repeatable pickup location wherefrom they may be removed for use by, for example, a computer-controlled automated assembly machine. The mechanism comprises a sliding shelf adapted to receive and support the items; a wiper arm adapted to achieve a single even layer of the items; and a pushing arm adapted to push the items into the pickup location. The mechanism can be adapted for providing the items with a more exact orientation, and can also be adapted for use in a liquid environment.

  3. Feed mechanism and method for feeding minute items

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stringer, Timothy Kent; Yerganian, Simon Scott

    2009-10-20

    A feeding mechanism and method for feeding minute items, such as capacitors, resistors, or solder preforms. The mechanism is adapted to receive a plurality of the randomly-positioned and randomly-oriented extremely small or minute items, and to isolate, orient, and position one or more of the items in a specific repeatable pickup location wherefrom they may be removed for use by, for example, a computer-controlled automated assembly machine. The mechanism comprises a sliding shelf adapted to receive and support the items; a wiper arm adapted to achieve a single even layer of the items; and a pushing arm adapted to push the items into the pickup location. The mechanism can be adapted for providing the items with a more exact orientation, and can also be adapted for use in a liquid environment.

  4. Connecticut State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Connecticut State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Connecticut State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, ...

  5. Module: Estimating Historical Emissions from Deforestation |...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Website: www.leafasia.orgtoolstechnical-guidance-series-estimating-historical Cost: Free Language: English Module: Estimating Historical Emissions from Deforestation Screenshot...

  6. Massachusetts State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Massachusetts State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Massachusetts State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE,...

  7. New Hampshire State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    New Hampshire State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement New Hampshire State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, ...

  8. Alabama State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement |...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ...reservationprogrammaticagreemental.pdf (628.88 KB) More Documents & Publications New Hampshire State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Illinois State Historic ...

  9. Maryland State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ...reservationprogrammaticagreementmd.pdf (385.87 KB) More Documents & Publications New Hampshire State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Illinois State Historic ...

  10. South Carolina State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ...reservationprogrammaticagreementsc.pdf (596.85 KB) More Documents & Publications New Hampshire State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Illinois State Historic ...

  11. North Carolina State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    North Carolina State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement North Carolina State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Fully executed programmatic agreement between ...

  12. Minnesota State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Minnesota State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Minnesota State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State ...

  13. Pennsylvania State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Pennsylvania State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Pennsylvania State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office. state_historic_preservation_programmatic_agreement_pa.pdf (1.83 MB) More Documents & Publications Delaware State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Florida State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Louisiana State

  14. Trends in Workplace Charging

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Donofrio Ford Motor Company Trends in Workplace Charging Est EV NA NA approx 21 70-100 Miles: What Types of Chargers are Being Used? Considerations for Campus Installations *...

  15. Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Wednesday, 29 May 2013 00:00 Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides

  16. ARM - Historical Field Campaign Statistics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Operational Visitors and Accounts Data Archive and Usage (October 1995 - Present) Historical Field Campaign Statistics ARM Climate Research Facility users regularly conduct...

  17. Historic Preservation | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of State Historic Preservation Officers to complete a prototype Programmatic Agreement (PA). By way of background, the PA will allow flexibility between the States while...

  18. Nuclear Proliferation Technology Trends Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zentner, Michael D.; Coles, Garill A.; Talbert, Robert J.

    2005-10-04

    A process is underway to develop mature, integrated methodologies to address nonproliferation issues. A variety of methodologies (both qualitative and quantitative) are being considered. All have one thing in common, a need for a consistent set of proliferation related data that can be used as a basis for application. One approach to providing a basis for predicting and evaluating future proliferation events is to understand past proliferation events, that is, the different paths that have actually been taken to acquire or attempt to acquire special nuclear material. In order to provide this information, this report describing previous material acquisition activities (obtained from open source material) has been prepared. This report describes how, based on an evaluation of historical trends in nuclear technology development, conclusions can be reached concerning: (1) The length of time it takes to acquire a technology; (2) The length of time it takes for production of special nuclear material to begin; and (3) The type of approaches taken for acquiring the technology. In addition to examining time constants, the report is intended to provide information that could be used to support the use of the different non-proliferation analysis methodologies. Accordingly, each section includes: (1) Technology description; (2) Technology origin; (3) Basic theory; (4) Important components/materials; (5) Technology development; (6) Technological difficulties involved in use; (7) Changes/improvements in technology; (8) Countries that have used/attempted to use the technology; (9) Technology Information; (10) Acquisition approaches; (11) Time constants for technology development; and (12) Required Concurrent Technologies.

  19. Binary classification of items of interest in a repeatable process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abell, Jeffrey A.; Spicer, John Patrick; Wincek, Michael Anthony; Wang, Hui; Chakraborty, Debejyo

    2014-06-24

    A system includes host and learning machines in electrical communication with sensors positioned with respect to an item of interest, e.g., a weld, and memory. The host executes instructions from memory to predict a binary quality status of the item. The learning machine receives signals from the sensor(s), identifies candidate features, and extracts features from the candidates that are more predictive of the binary quality status relative to other candidate features. The learning machine maps the extracted features to a dimensional space that includes most of the items from a passing binary class and excludes all or most of the items from a failing binary class. The host also compares the received signals for a subsequent item of interest to the dimensional space to thereby predict, in real time, the binary quality status of the subsequent item of interest.

  20. Suspect/Counterfeit Items Awareness Training Manual | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Suspect/Counterfeit Items Awareness Training Manual Suspect/Counterfeit Items Awareness Training Manual June 2007 The Suspect/Counterfeit Items Awareness Training manual provides information on individual components identified as suspect or counterfeit. The DOE Office of Environmental Protection, Sustainability Support & Corporate Safety Analysis has taken a corporate leadership role and is accountable for ensuring the effective implementation of the Department's S/CI process. The manual

  1. Safety Evaluation for Packaging (onsite) T Plant Canyon Items

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    OBRIEN, J.H.

    2000-07-14

    This safety evaluation for packaging (SEP) evaluates and documents the ability to safely ship mostly unique inventories of miscellaneous T Plant canyon waste items (T-P Items) encountered during the canyon deck clean off campaign. In addition, this SEP addresses contaminated items and material that may be shipped in a strong tight package (STP). The shipments meet the criteria for onsite shipments as specified by Fluor Hanford in HNF-PRO-154, Responsibilities and Procedures for all Hazardous Material Shipments.

  2. SF6432-CI (02-01-12) Commercial Items

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    who will enter a government site to perform Control : SF 6432-CI Title: Standard Terms and Conditions for Commercial Items Owner: Procurement Policy & Quality Dept Release...

  3. Blade Testing Trends (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Desmond, M.

    2014-08-01

    As an invited guest speaker, Michael Desmond presented on NREL's NWTC structural testing methods and capabilities at the 2014 Sandia Blade Workshop held on August 26-28, 2014 in Albuquerque, NM. Although dynamometer and field testing capabilities were mentioned, the presentation focused primarily on wind turbine blade testing, including descriptions and capabilities for accredited certification testing, historical methodology and technology deployment, and current research and development activities.

  4. Understanding the China energy market: trends and opportunities 2006

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barbara Drazga

    2005-05-15

    The report is broken up into 4 Sections: Section I - Overview of China Energy Market (historical background, market value, consumption, production, reserves, export and import, market segmentation, market forecast); Section II - Market Analysis (PEST analysis, Porter's five forces analysis, socio-economic trends, consumption trends); Section III - Market Segments (electricity, oil, natural gas, liquefied natural gas, liquid petroleum gas, nuclear power, coal, renewables, photovoltaics, wind power, hydroelectric power. Each market segment details current and planned projects, and lists participants in that sector); and Section IV - Breaking Into the Market (regulatory framework, methods of market entry, foreign investment, challenges, government agencies).

  5. Aggregate Transfers Historical Yearly Peak

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Transfers Historical Yearly Peak Aggregate Transfers Historical Yearly Peak These plots show the yearly peak days from 2000 to the present. BE CAREFUL because the graphs are autoscaling - check the scales on each axis before you compare graphs. Note that the graph for current year shows the data for the year-to-date peak. Daily Aggregate Bandwidth Daily Aggregate Bandwidth Daily Aggregate Bandwidth Daily Aggregate Bandwidth Daily Aggregate Bandwidth Daily Aggregate Bandwidth Daily Aggregate

  6. Concurrent Transfers Historical Yearly Peak

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Transfers Historical Yearly Peak Concurrent Transfers Historical Yearly Peak These plots show the yearly peak days from 2000 to present. BE CAREFUL because the graphs are autoscaling - check the scales on each axis before you compare graphs. Note that the graph for current year shows the data for the year-to-date peak. Daily Storage Concurrency Daily Storage Concurrency Daily Storage Concurrency Daily Storage Concurrency Daily Storage Concurrency Daily Storage Concurrency Daily Storage

  7. National Historic Preservation Act | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    goal of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA), which established the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP) in 1966, is to have federal agencies act as...

  8. Historical Natural Gas Annual - 1930 Through 2000

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    2000 The Historical Natural Gas Annual contains historical information on supply and disposition of natural gas at the national, regional, and State level as well as prices at...

  9. NEW JERSEY STATE HISTORIC PRESERVATION PROGRAMMATIC AGREEMENT...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    NEW JERSEY STATE HISTORIC PRESERVATION PROGRAMMATIC AGREEMENT NEW JERSEY STATE HISTORIC PRESERVATION PROGRAMMATIC AGREEMENT Fully executed programmatic agreement between the U.S. ...

  10. South Dakota State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    (639.96 KB) More Documents & Publications Washington State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Indiana State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement New Hampshire

  11. ARM - Lesson Plans: Historical Climate Statistics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Historical Climate Statistics Outreach Home Room News Publications Traditional Knowledge ... Teachers' Toolbox Lesson Plans Lesson Plans: Historical Climate Statistics Objective The ...

  12. New Mexico State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    New Mexico State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement New Mexico State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State ...

  13. PIA - Historical Data for Legal Organizations | Department of...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Historical Data for Legal Organizations PIA - Historical Data for Legal Organizations PIA - Historical Data for Legal Organizations PIA - Historical Data for Legal Organizations ...

  14. Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide

  15. AVOID BECOMING A VICTIM OF COUNTERFEIT ITEMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    WARRINER RD

    2011-07-13

    In today's globalized economy, we cannot live without imported products. Most people do not realize how thin the safety net of regulation and inspection really is. Less than three percent of imported products receive any form of government inspection prior to sale. Avoid flea markets, street vendors and deep discount stores. The sellers of counterfeit wares know where to market their products. They look for individuals who are hungry for a brand name item but do not want to pay a brand name price for it. The internet provides anonymity to the sellers of counterfeit products. Unlike Europe, U.S. law does not hold internet-marketing organizations, responsible for the quality of the products sold on their websites. These organizations will remove an individual vendor when a sufficient number of complaints are lodged, but they will not take responsibility for the counterfeit products you may have purchased. EBay has a number of counterfeit product guides to help you avoid being a victim of the sellers of these products. Ten percent of all medications taken worldwide are counterfeit. If you do buy medications on-line, be sure that the National Association of Boards of Pharmacy Verified Internet Pharmacy Practice Sites (VIPPS) recommends the pharmacy you choose to use. Inspect all medication purchases and report any change in color, shape, imprinting or odor to your pharmacist. If you take generic medications these attributes may change from one manufacturer to another. Your pharmacist should inform you of any changes when you refill your prescription. If they do not, get clarification prior to taking the medication. Please note that the Federal Drug Administration (FDA) does not regulate supplements. The FDA only steps in when a specific supplement proves to cause physical harm or contains a regulated ingredient. Due to counterfeiting, Underwriters Laboratories (UL) changed their label design three times since 1996. The new gold label should be attached to the cord or

  16. Powertrain Trends and Future Potential

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Powertrain Trends and Future Potential * Global Trends - Fighting Global Warming * Clean Diesel - Neglected in the U.S. for Too Long Agenda DSNE-NA | August 4, 2009 | Robert ...

  17. Nebraska State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office.

  18. Missouri State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office.

  19. Florida State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office.

  20. Maine State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office.

  1. Massachusetts State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office.

  2. Connecticut State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office.

  3. Wyoming State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office.

  4. Alaska State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office.

  5. Louisiana State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office.

  6. Montana State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office.

  7. South Dakota State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office.

  8. North Carolina State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office.

  9. Tennessee State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Energy Tennessee State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Tennessee State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office. state_historic_preservation_programmatic_agreement_tn.pdf (3.7

  10. Virginia State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office.

  11. Appendix 7 - Historic Preservation Reporting Form

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Number 1910 - 5155 U.S. Department of Energy HISTORIC PRESERVATION REPORT Historic Preservation Reporting Period: ______________________________ Grant Number: ______________________________ 1a. State where recipient is located: ______________________________ 1b. Name of Recipient: ______________________________________________________________ 1c. Have you utilized a U.S. DOE-executed Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement (PA) in order to comply with National Historic Preservation Act

  12. New Hampshire State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office.

  13. Michigan State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office.

  14. South Carolina State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office.

  15. Microsoft Word - foi 2013-00964.Item 3.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Each item of your request is re-stated below: 1. "Any and all records reflecting correspondence (including letters and emails) between the Department of Energy offices at Hanford ...

  16. SUMMARY OF FINAL RULES Item Subject FAR Case

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    SUMMARY OF FINAL RULES Item Subject FAR Case FAC 56-Miscellaneous I. Women-Owned Small Business Program 2010-015 II. Proper Use and Management of Cost-Reimbursement Contracts...

  17. Gathering total items count for pagination | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Gathering total items count for pagination Home > Groups > Utility Rate Hi I'm using the following base link plus some restrictions to sector, utility, and locations to poll for...

  18. LLNL line-item construction projects Master Site Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-04-15

    This interim submittal is an updated 1996 overview of the Master Plan based on the 1995 LLNL Site Development Plan, illustrating the future land use considerations, and the locations of proposed facilities as documented through the line item development process and keyed to the summary table. The following components in addition to the line-item proposals remain key elements in the implementation strategy of the Master Plan: personnel migration, revitalization, space reduction, classified core contraction, utility systems, and environmental restoration.

  19. Trends in Environmental Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koester, C J; Moulik, A

    2005-03-31

    This article discusses developments in environmental analytical chemistry that occurred in the years of 2003 and 2004. References were found by searching the ''Science Citation Index and Current Contents''. As in our review of two years ago (A1), techniques are highlighted that represent current trends and state-of-the-art technologies in the sampling, extraction, separation, and detection of trace concentrations, low-part-per-billion and less, of organic, inorganic, and organometallic contaminants in environmental samples. New analytes of interest are also reviewed, the detections of which are made possible by recently developed analytical instruments and methods.

  20. Storage Trends and Summaries

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summaries Storage Trends and Summaries Total Bytes Utilized The growth in NERSC's storage systems amounts to roughly 1.7x per year. Total Bytes Utilized Number of Files Stored The growth in the number of files stored is less than the growth in the number of bytes stored as the average file size has increased over time. The average file size as of August 2003 is about 30 MB. The median file size is closer to 1 MB. Number of Files Monthly I/O The growth rate of I/O is roughly the same as the

  1. Transfer Activity Historical Yearly Peak

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Activity Historical Yearly Peak Transfer Activity Historical Yearly Peak The plots below show the yearly peak days from 2000 to the present. BE CAREFUL because the graphs are autoscaling - check the scales on each axis before you compare graphs. Note that the graph for the current year shows the data for the year-to-date peak. Transfers Started/In Progress Transfers Started/In Progress Transfers Started/In Progress Transfers Started/In Progress Transfers Started/In Progress Transfers Started/In

  2. Historical Liquid Discharges and Outfalls

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    This drop-down provides the most current six months and six years of data for the table below. For complete history do one of the following: Click on a cell value in the table for the history of an individual data series. Click on the "Download All History" link for all data series shown in the table. Close Window

    Historical Liquid Discharges and Outfalls Historical Liquid Discharges and Outfalls During the 1940s and 1950s, untreated radioactive liquids were discharged to Pueblo and

  3. Portsmouth Historic Era Architectural & Archaeological Surveys/Reports

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    National Historic Preservation Act documents: Portsmouth Site Historic Era Architectural and Archaeological Surveys/Reports

  4. Trends of petroleum fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shelton, E.M.; Woodward, P.W.

    1985-02-01

    Trends in properties of motor gasolines for the years 1942 through 1984; diesel fuels for the years 1950 through 1983; aviation fuels for the years 1947 through 1983; and heating oils for the years 1955 through 1984, have been evaluated based upon data contained in surveys prepared and published by the National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research (NIPER) formerly the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC). The surveys for motor gasolines were conducted under a cooperative agreement with the Coordinating Research Council (CRC) and the Bureau of Mines from 1935 through 1948 and in cooperation with the American Petroleum Institute (API) since 1948 for all surveys. The motor gasoline surveys have been published twice annually since 1935 describing the properties of motor gasolines throughout the country. Other surveys prepared in cooperation with API and the Bureau of Mines, the Energy Research and Development Administration, the Department of Energy, and currently NIPER were aviation gasolines beginning in 1947, diesel fuels in 1950, aviation turbine fuels in 1951, and heating oils, formerly burner fuel oils, in 1955. Various companies throughout the country obtain samples of motor gasolines from retail outlets and refinery samples for the other surveys, and analyze the samples using American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) procedures. The analytical data are sent to the Bartlesville Center for survey preparation and distribution. A summary report has been assembled from data in 83 semiannual surveys for motor gasolines that shows trends throughout the entire era from winter 19

  5. Trends Online: A Compendium of Data on Global Change

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Trends Online provides synopses of frequently used time series of global-change data: • historical and modern records (from ice cores and current monitoring stations) of atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2) • atmospheric concentrations of methane • isotopic measurements (14C et al.) for atmospheric greenhouse gases • estimates of global, regional, and national CO2 emissions from the combustion of fossil fuels, gas flaring, and the production of cement • global emissions estimates for methane (CH4) • carbon flux from land-cover change • long-term temperature records, whose spatial coverage ranges from individual sites to the entire globe and from the Earth's surface to the lower stratosphere • total cloud amount over China • ecosystems (area and carbon content) Data records are presented in multipage formats, each dealing with a specific site, region, or emissions species. The data records include tables; graphs; discussions of methods for collecting, measuring, and reporting the data; trends in the data, and references to literature providing further information. Instructions for citing specific data in Trends Online are provided for each compiled data set. All data appearing in Trends Online are available, on request, on digital media from CDIAC at no cost. [Copied from the Abstract to Trends Online at http://cdiac.ornl.gov/trends/abstract.htm

  6. Occurrence Reporting Trends | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Occurrence Reporting Trends Occurrence Reporting Trends July 19, 2012 Occurrence Reporting and Processing of Operations Information (ORPS): Five Year Trends - Corporate Analysis of ...

  7. Suspect/Counterfeit Items Information Guide for Subcontractors/Suppliers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tessmar, Nancy D.; Salazar, Michael J.

    2012-09-18

    Counterfeiting of industrial and commercial grade items is an international problem that places worker safety, program objectives, expensive equipment, and security at risk. In order to prevent the introduction of Suspect/Counterfeit Items (S/CI), this information sheet is being made available as a guide to assist in the implementation of S/CI awareness and controls, in conjunction with subcontractor's/supplier's quality assurance programs. When it comes to counterfeit goods, including industrial materials, items, and equipment, no market is immune. Some manufactures have been known to misrepresent their products and intentionally use inferior materials and processes to manufacture substandard items, whose properties can significantly cart from established standards and specifications. These substandard items termed by the Department of Energy (DOE) as S/CI, pose immediate and potential threats to the safety of DOE and contractor workers, the public, and the environment. Failure of certain systems and processes caused by an S/CI could also have national security implications at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). Nuclear Safety Rules (federal Laws), DOE Orders, and other regulations set forth requirements for DOE contractors to implement effective controls to assure that items and services meet specified requirements. This includes techniques to implement and thereby minimizing the potential threat of entry of S/CI to LANL. As a qualified supplier of goods or services to the LANL, your company will be required to establish and maintain effective controls to prevent the introduction of S/CI to LANL. This will require that your company warrant that all items (including their subassemblies, components, and parts) sold to LANL are genuine (i.e. not counterfeit), new, and unused, and conform to the requirements of the LANL purchase orders/contracts unless otherwise approved in writing to the Los Alamos National Security (LANS) contract administrator

  8. Future trends and issues in regulatory takings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allbright, M.P.

    1995-12-01

    This paper will complement that delivered by Thomas root by following his historical analysis of the Fifth Amendment through recent case law with an analysis of regulatory taking through environmental statutes. The discussion will center on takings of water rights through application of the Clean Water Act and the Threatened and Endangered Species Act. Although the examples used will be hypothetical, they will be based upon factual situations. Some of the issues presented for consideration will be an examination of standing of municipalities and corporations under the Fifth Amendment, federal and state legislation impacting the judicial trend toward reviving the Fifth Amendment, budgetary considerations, and convergence from focus on real property to other types of property. The author will also discuss the judicial trend in the Fifth Amendment cases from reliance on federal power to regulate to financial impact on real property resulting from regulation, and the potential for a return to the analysis of the power to regulate through a resurrection of the Tenth Amendment limitation of powers.

  9. Trends in public perceptions and preferences on energy and environmental policy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farhar, B.C.

    1993-02-01

    This report presents selected results from a secondary analysis of public opinion surveys, taken at the national and state/local levels, relevant to energy and environmental policy choices. The data base used in the analysis includes about 2000 items from nearly 600 separate surveys conducted between 1979 and 1992. Answers to word-for-word questions were traced over time, permitting trend analysis. Patterns of response were also identified for findings from similarly worded survey items. The analysis identifies changes in public opinion concerning energy during the past 10 to 15 years.

  10. Trends in Commercial Buildings--Buildings Trend Detail

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Center at (202) 586-8800. Energy Information Administration Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey Figure 2. 1989 to 1999 building trend with 95% confidence ranges...

  11. Trends in Commercial Buildings--Trends in Energy Consumption...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 Part 1. Energy Consumption Data Tables Total Energy Intensity Intensity by Energy Source Background: Site and Primary Energy Trends in Energy Consumption and Energy Sources Part...

  12. Historical

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    comment. The recommendations and public comments will provide guidance to BPA on program implementation for the post-2011 time period. Phase 1 Materials and Resources Phase 2...

  13. National Historic Preservation Act (1966, amended 2014)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The National Historic Preservation Act established a program to recognize and preserve historic properties in cooperation with other nations and in partnership with states, local governments, Indian tribes, Native Hawaiian organizations, and private organizations and individuals.

  14. Appendix 7 - Historic Preservation Reporting Form

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1c. Have you utilized a U.S. DOE-executed Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement (PA) in order to comply with National Historic Preservation Act requirements for all or some...

  15. Manhattan Project National Historical Park

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    mobile application allows users to take virtual tour of Project Y of Manhattan Project National Historical Park June 7, 2016 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., June 7, 2016-A new, free mobile application titled "Los Alamos: The Secret City of the Manhattan Project," is now available for download from the Apple store. A collaboration of Los Alamos National Laboratory's VISIBLE team, the Bradbury Science Museum, and staff history specialists, the application allows users from any location around the

  16. Biologists Re-Vegetate Historical

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Re-Vegetate Historical Disposal Area at the NNSS A large-scale re-vegetation effort is currently underway on the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS), completing the final stage of closure on a 92-acre disposal area that first began operation in the 1960s. In October 2011, NNSS work crews seeded major portions of the 92- acre disposal area, reintroducing native shrubs (10 species), grasses (3 species), and herbaceous flowering plants (3 species). Then in December, workers completed installation

  17. Manhattan Project National Historical Park

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Park The Manhattan Project National Historical Park In 1943, the United States government's Manhattan Project built a secret laboratory at Los Alamos, New Mexico, for a single military purpose-to develop the world's first atomic weapons. The success of this unprecedented, top-secret government program forever changed the world. August 18, 2014 1946 aerial view of Los Alamos This photo, taken on December 4, 1946, shows the center of Los Alamos as it looked during Project Y years. Called Technical

  18. Delaware State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Delaware State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Delaware State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office. state_historic_preservation_programmatic_agreement_de.pdf (1.05 MB) More Documents & Publications Florida State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Louisiana State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Massachusetts State Historic

  19. Nevada State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Nevada State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Nevada State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office. state_historic_preservation_programmatic_agreement_nv.pdf (1.49 MB) More Documents & Publications Delaware State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Florida State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Louisiana State Historic Preservation

  20. Georgia State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Georgia State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Georgia State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office. state_historic_preservation_programmatic_agreement_ga.pdf (1.06 MB) More Documents & Publications Arizona State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Delaware State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Florida State Historic Preservation

  1. Puerto Rico State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Energy Puerto Rico State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Puerto Rico State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office. state_historic_preservation_programmatic_agreement_pr.pdf (1.41 MB) More Documents & Publications Arizona State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Delaware State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Florida State Historic

  2. Utah State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Utah State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Utah State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office. state_historic_preservation_programmatic_agreement_ut.pdf (681.47 KB) More Documents & Publications Kansas State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Washington State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Virginia State Historic Preservation

  3. Iowa State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Iowa State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Iowa State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office. state_historic_preservation_programmatic_agreement_ia.pdf (676.33 KB) More Documents & Publications Illinois State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement New Hampshire State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement North Carolina State Historic

  4. Kansas State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Kansas State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Kansas State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office. state_historic_preservation_programmatic_agreement_ks.pdf (647.77 KB) More Documents & Publications Utah State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Washington State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Alabama State Historic Preservation

  5. Historical Procurement Information | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Historical Procurement Information Historical Procurement Information Use the documents on this page to learn more about historically procured goods and services in various industry sectors at the Department of Energy. Note - historical means what the Department has bought in the past. Our procurement Forecast shows what we will buy in the future. Construction Forestry Goods Manufacturing Mining Services Information Transportation and Warehousing Leasing and Real Estate Professional, Scientific,

  6. RADIOCHEMISTRY, AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY; NUCLEAR MEDICINE; HISTORICAL

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    The early days Richards, P. 38 RADIATION CHEMISTRY, RADIOCHEMISTRY, AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY; NUCLEAR MEDICINE; HISTORICAL ASPECTS; TECHNETIUM 99; COLLOIDS; MOLYBDENUM...

  7. Pennsylvania State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office. PDF icon statehistoricpreservationprogrammaticagreementpa...

  8. Manhattan Project Historical Resources | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Project » Manhattan Project Historical Resources Manhattan Project Historical Resources New! Manhattan Project National Historical Park New! K-25 Virtual Museum The Department of Energy has developed and made available to the public--in print, online, and on display--a variety of Manhattan Project historical resources. These include histories, websites, reports and document collections, and exhibits and tours. Histories produced by the Department include The Manhattan Project, which provides a

  9. Illinois State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    More Documents & Publications New Hampshire State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Prototype Programmatic Agreement Between DOE, State Energy Offices, and State ...

  10. Method using a density field for locating related items for data mining

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wylie, Brian N.

    2002-01-01

    A method for locating related items in a geometric space transforms relationships among items to geometric locations. The method locates items in the geometric space so that the distance between items corresponds to the degree of relatedness. The method facilitates communication of the structure of the relationships among the items. The method makes use of numeric values as a measure of similarity between each pairing of items. The items are given initial coordinates in the space. An energy is then determined for each item from the item's distance and similarity to other items, and from the density of items assigned coordinates near the item. The distance and similarity component can act to draw items with high similarities close together, while the density component can act to force all items apart. If a terminal condition is not yet reached, then new coordinates can be determined for one or more items, and the energy determination repeated. The iteration can terminate, for example, when the total energy reaches a threshold, when each item's energy is below a threshold, after a certain amount of time or iterations.

  11. Method of data mining including determining multidimensional coordinates of each item using a predetermined scalar similarity value for each item pair

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Meyers, Charles E.; Davidson, George S.; Johnson, David K.; Hendrickson, Bruce A.; Wylie, Brian N.

    1999-01-01

    A method of data mining represents related items in a multidimensional space. Distance between items in the multidimensional space corresponds to the extent of relationship between the items. The user can select portions of the space to perceive. The user also can interact with and control the communication of the space, focusing attention on aspects of the space of most interest. The multidimensional spatial representation allows more ready comprehension of the structure of the relationships among the items.

  12. HISTORICAL NORTHEAST HOME HEATING OIL RESERVE (NEHHOR) TRIGGER...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    HISTORICAL NORTHEAST HOME HEATING OIL RESERVE (NEHHOR) TRIGGER REPORTS HISTORICAL NORTHEAST HOME HEATING OIL RESERVE (NEHHOR) TRIGGER REPORTS Historical Northeast Home Heating Oil ...

  13. Colorado Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation Name: Office of Archaeology and Historic...

  14. Oregon State Historic Preservation Office | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Historic Preservation Office Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Oregon State Historic Preservation Office Name: Oregon State Historic Preservation Office Address: 725 Summer St NE,...

  15. New Mexico Historic Preservation Division | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Historic Preservation Division Jump to: navigation, search Logo: New Mexico Historic Preservation Division Name: New Mexico Historic Preservation Division Abbreviation: NMHPD...

  16. DOE Hosts Festival to Collect Items for Area Food Banks

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON, D.C. – Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman and a representative of the Capital Area Food Bank are among the guest speakers at an event this Tuesday, July 31, to collect food items for the DOE Feeds Families drive.

  17. Analysis of historical delta values for IAEA/LANL NDA training courses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Geist, William; Santi, Peter; Swinhoe, Martyn; Bonner, Elisa

    2009-01-01

    The Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) supports the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) by providing training for IAEA inspectors in neutron and gamma-ray Nondestructive Assay (NDA) of nuclear material. Since 1980, all new IAEA inspectors attend this two week course at LANL gaining hands-on experience in the application of NDA techniques, procedures and analysis to measure plutonium and uranium nuclear material standards with well known pedigrees. As part of the course the inspectors conduct an inventory verification exercise. This exercise provides inspectors the opportunity to test their abilities in performing verification measurements using the various NDA techniques. For an inspector, the verification of an item is nominally based on whether the measured assay value agrees with the declared value to within three times the historical delta value. The historical delta value represents the average difference between measured and declared values from previous measurements taken on similar material with the same measurement technology. If the measurement falls outside a limit of three times the historical delta value, the declaration is not verified. This paper uses measurement data from five years of IAEA courses to calculate a historical delta for five non-destructive assay methods: Gamma-ray Enrichment, Gamma-ray Plutonium Isotopics, Passive Neutron Coincidence Counting, Active Neutron Coincidence Counting and the Neutron Coincidence Collar. These historical deltas provide information as to the precision and accuracy of these measurement techniques under realistic conditions.

  18. DATA SHARING REPORT CHARACTERIZATION OF THE SURVEILLANCE AND MAINTENANCE PROJECT MISCELLANEOUS PROCESS INVENTORY WASTE ITEMS OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY, Oak Ridge TN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weaver, Phyllis C

    2013-12-12

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge Office of Environmental Management (EM-OR) requested Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU), working under the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) contract, to provide technical and independent waste management planning support under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). Specifically, DOE EM-OR requested ORAU to plan and implement a sampling and analysis campaign to target certain items associated with URS|CH2M Oak Ridge, LLC (UCOR) surveillance and maintenance (S&M) process inventory waste. Eight populations of historical and reoccurring S&M waste at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have been identified in the Waste Handling Plan for Surveillance and Maintenance Activities at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, DOE/OR/01-2565&D2 (WHP) (DOE 2012) for evaluation and processing for final disposal. This waste was generated during processing, surveillance, and maintenance activities associated with the facilities identified in the process knowledge (PK) provided in Appendix A. A list of items for sampling and analysis were generated from a subset of materials identified in the WHP populations (POPs) 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8, plus a small number of items not explicitly addressed by the WHP. Specifically, UCOR S&M project personnel identified 62 miscellaneous waste items that would require some level of evaluation to identify the appropriate pathway for disposal. These items are highly diverse, relative to origin; composition; physical description; contamination level; data requirements; and the presumed treatment, storage, and disposal facility (TSDF). Because of this diversity, ORAU developed a structured approach to address item-specific data requirements necessary for acceptance in a presumed TSDF that includes the Environmental Management Waste Management Facility (EMWMF)—using the approved Waste Lot (WL) 108.1 profile—the Y-12 Sanitary Landfill (SLF) if appropriate; Energy

  19. TRENDS '90: A compendium of data on global change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sepanski, R.J.; Stoss, F.W.; Boden, T.A.; Kanciruk, P.; Farrell, M.P.

    1990-08-01

    This document is a source of frequently used global change data. This first issue includes estimates for global and national CO{sub 2} emissions from the burning of fossil fuels and from the production of cement, historical and modern records of atmospheric CO{sub 2} and methane concentrations, and several long-term temperature records. Included are tabular and graphical presentations of the data, discussions of trends in the data, and references to publications that provide further information. Data are presented in a two-page format, each dealing with a different data set. All data are available in digital form from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center.

  20. Texas State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Texas State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Texas State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office. state_historic_preservation_programmatic_agreement_tx.pdf (1.6

  1. Energy Perspectives: Trends and Milestones

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2011-01-01

    Energy Perspectives is a graphical overview of energy history in the United States. The 43 graphs shown here reveal sweeping trends related to the nation's production, consumption, and trade of energy from 1949 through 2011.

  2. Ohio State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Ohio State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Ohio State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office. state_historic_preservation_programmatic_agreement_oh.pdf (633.6 KB) More Documents & Publications Prototype Programmatic Agreement Between DOE, State Energy Offices, and State Historic Preservation Offices Indiana State Historic Preservation Programmatic

  3. Oklahoma State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Oklahoma State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Oklahoma State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office. state_historic_preservation_programmatic_agreement_ok.pdf (1.13 MB) More Documents & Publications Delaware State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Florida State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Louisiana

  4. Arizona State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Arizona State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Arizona State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office. state_historic_preservation_programmatic_agreement_az.pdf (492.93 KB) More Documents & Publications Delaware State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Florida State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Louisiana

  5. Indiana State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Indiana State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Indiana State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office. state_historic_preservation_programmatic_agreement_in.pdf (5.31 MB) More Documents & Publications Prototype Programmatic Agreement Between DOE, State Energy Offices, and State Historic Preservation Offices North Carolina State Historic Preservation

  6. Photovoltaic (PV) Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, and Near-Term Projections

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feldman, D.; Barbose, G.; Margolis, R.; Wiser, R.; Darghouth, N.; Goodrich, A.

    2012-11-01

    This report helps to clarify the confusion surrounding different estimates of system pricing by distinguishing between past, current, and near-term projected estimates. It also discusses the different methodologies and factors that impact the estimated price of a PV system, such as system size, location, technology, and reporting methods.These factors, including timing, can have a significant impact on system pricing.

  7. From plasma immersion ion implantation to deposition: A historical perspective on principles and trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anders, Andre

    2001-06-14

    Plasma immersion techniques of surface modification are known under a myriad of names. The family of techniques reaches from pure plasma ion implantation, to ion implantation and deposition hybrid modes, to modes that are essentially plasma film deposition with substrate bias. In the most general sense, all plasma immersion techniques have in common that the surface of a substrate (target) is exposed to plasma and that relatively high substrate bias is applied. The bias is usually pulsed. In this review, the roots of immersion techniques are explored, some going back to the 1800s, followed by a discussion of the groundbreaking works of Adler and Conrad in the 1980s. In the 1990s, plasma immersion techniques matured in theoretical understanding, scaling, and the range of applications. First commercial facilities are now operational. Various immersion concepts are compiled and explained in this review. While gas (often nitrogen) ion implantation dominated the early years, film-forming immersion techniques and semiconductor processing gained importance. In the 1980s and 1990s we have seen exponential growth of the field but signs of slowdown are clear since 1998. Nevertheless, plasma immersion techniques have found, and will continue to have, an important place among surface modification techniques.

  8. Binary classification of items of interest in a repeatable process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Abell, Jeffrey A; Spicer, John Patrick; Wincek, Michael Anthony; Wang, Hui; Chakraborty, Debejyo

    2015-01-06

    A system includes host and learning machines. Each machine has a processor in electrical communication with at least one sensor. Instructions for predicting a binary quality status of an item of interest during a repeatable process are recorded in memory. The binary quality status includes passing and failing binary classes. The learning machine receives signals from the at least one sensor and identifies candidate features. Features are extracted from the candidate features, each more predictive of the binary quality status. The extracted features are mapped to a dimensional space having a number of dimensions proportional to the number of extracted features. The dimensional space includes most of the passing class and excludes at least 90 percent of the failing class. Received signals are compared to the boundaries of the recorded dimensional space to predict, in real time, the binary quality status of a subsequent item of interest.

  9. U.S. Natural Gas Balancing Item (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Balancing Item (Million Cubic Feet) U.S. Natural Gas Balancing Item (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 634,809 -111,218 2000's -240,342 134,346 -13,339 -38,495 356,956 134,293 61,404 -196,323 33,472 -89,392 2010's 124,358 -130,108 -123,053 -15,729 -44,437 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date:

  10. PREFERRED WATERFLOOD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR THE SPRABERRY TREND AREA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David S. Schechter

    2004-08-31

    The naturally fractured Spraberry Trend Area is one of the largest reservoirs in the domestic U.S. and is the largest reservoir in area extent in the world. Production from Spraberry sands is found over a 2,500 sq. mile area and Spraberry reservoirs can be found in an eight county area in west Texas. Over 150 operators produce 65,000 barrels of oil per day (bopd) from the Spraberry Trend Area from more than 9,000 production wells. Recovery is poor, on the order of 7-10% due to the profoundly complicated nature of the reservoir, yet billions of barrels of hydrocarbons remain. We estimate over 15% of remaining reserves in domestic Class III reservoirs are in Spraberry Trend Area reservoirs. This tremendous domestic asset is a prime example of an endangered hydrocarbon resource in need of immediate technological advancements before thousands of wells are permanently abandoned. This report describes the final work of the project, ''Preferred Waterflood Management Practices for the Spraberry Trend Area.'' The objective of this project is to significantly increase field-wide production in the Spraberry Trend in a short time frame through the application of preferred practices for managing and optimizing water injection. Our goal is to dispel negative attitudes and lack of confidence in water injection and to document the methodology and results for public dissemination to motivate waterflood expansion in the Spraberry Trend. This objective has been accomplished through research in three areas: (1) detail historical review and extensive reservoir characterization, (2) production data management, and (3) field demonstration. This provides results of the final year of the three-year project for each of the three areas.

  11. Retrospective Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dale, Larry; Antinori, Camille; McNeil, Michael; McMahon, James E.; Fujita, K. Sydny

    2008-07-20

    Real prices of major appliances (refrigerators, dishwashers, heating and cooling equipment) have been falling since the late 1970s despite increases in appliance efficiency and other quality variables. This paper demonstrates that historic increases in efficiency over time, including those resulting from minimum efficiency standards, incur smaller price increases than were expected by Department of Energy (DOE) forecasts made in conjunction with standards. This effect can be explained by technological innovation, which lowers the cost of efficiency, and by market changes contributing to lower markups and economies of scale in production of higher efficiency units. We reach four principal conclusions about appliance trends and retail price setting: 1. For the past several decades, the retail price of appliances has been steadily falling while efficiency has been increasing. 2. Past retail price predictions made by DOE analyses of efficiency standards, assuming constant prices over time, have tended to overestimate retail prices. 3. The average incremental price to increase appliance efficiency has declined over time. DOE technical support documents have typically overestimated this incremental price and retail prices. 4. Changes in retail markups and economies of scale in production of more efficient appliances may have contributed to declines in prices of efficient appliances.

  12. EM Historical Timeline | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EM Historical Timeline EM Historical Timeline July 7, 2014 - 2:42pm Addthis Addthis Related Articles Preservationists Tour Historic Log Cabin at the Grand Junction, Colorado, Office Study Finds 54 Gigawatts of Offshore Wind Capacity Technically Possible by 2030 Umatilla Tribes Department of Science and Engineering Director Stuart Harris, far right, explains the purpose of the Tribes' greenhouses to Senior Advisor for Environmental Management David Huizenga, center, and Richland Operations Office

  13. National Association of Tribal Historic Preservation Officers...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    National Association of Tribal Historic Preservation Officers website Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: National Association of Tribal...

  14. State Historical Resources Commission | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Resources Commission Jump to: navigation, search Name: State Historical Resources Commission Address: 1725 23rd Street, Suite 100 Place: Sacramento, CA Zip: 95816 ParentHolding...

  15. Portland Company Weatherizes, Preserves Historic Home

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Roy and Kim Fox, owners of a stunning Victorian home in Portland, Oregon, show local residents how to achieve energy efficiency in historic homes without sacrificing vintage character.

  16. Strengthening Our Partnerships with Historically Black Colleges...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Addthis Strengthening Our Partnerships with Historically Black Colleges and Universities Secretary Chu Secretary Chu Former Secretary of Energy Last February, President Obama ...

  17. Hawaii Administrative Rules Pertaining to Historic Preservation...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Not Provided DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for Hawaii Administrative Rules Pertaining to Historic Preservation Citation...

  18. Department of Energy Research Opportunities for Historically...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Research Opportunities for Historically Black Colleges and ... and MSIs Powerpoint on STEM Programs Educational Opportunities in Bioenergy - NREL

  19. Implementing Solar PV Projects on Historic Buildings and in Historic Districts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kandt, A.; Hotchkiss, E.; Walker, A.; Buddenborg, J; Lindberg, J.

    2011-09-01

    Many municipalities, particularly in older communities of the United States, have a large amount of historic buildings and districts. In addition to preserving these historic assets, many municipalities have goals or legislative requirements to procure a certain amount of energy from renewable sources and to become more efficient in their energy use; often, these requirements do not exempt historic buildings. This paper details findings from a workshop held in Denver, Colorado, in June 2010 that brought together stakeholders from both the solar and historic preservation industries. Based on these findings, this paper identifies challenges and recommends solutions for developing solar photovoltaic (PV) projects on historic buildings and in historic districts in such a way as to not affect the characteristics that make a building eligible for historic status.

  20. Control of Suspect/Counterfeit and Defective Items

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sheriff, Marnelle L.

    2013-09-03

    This procedure implements portions of the requirements of MSC-MP-599, Quality Assurance Program Description. It establishes the Mission Support Alliance (MSA) practices for minimizing the introduction of and identifying, documenting, dispositioning, reporting, controlling, and disposing of suspect/counterfeit and defective items (S/CIs). employees whose work scope relates to Safety Systems (i.e., Safety Class [SC] or Safety Significant [SS] items), non-safety systems and other applications (i.e., General Service [GS]) where engineering has determined that their use could result in a potential safety hazard. MSA implements an effective Quality Assurance (QA) Program providing a comprehensive network of controls and verification providing defense-in-depth by preventing the introduction of S/CIs through the design, procurement, construction, operation, maintenance, and modification of processes. This procedure focuses on those safety systems, and other systems, including critical load paths of lifting equipment, where the introduction of S/CIs would have the greatest potential for creating unsafe conditions.

  1. Apparatus and method for identification and recognition of an item with ultrasonic patterns from item subsurface micro-features

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Perkins, R.W.; Fuller, J.L.; Doctor, S.R.; Good, M.S.; Heasler, P.G.; Skorpik, J.R.; Hansen, N.H.

    1995-09-26

    The present invention is a means and method for identification and recognition of an item by ultrasonic imaging of material microfeatures and/or macrofeatures within the bulk volume of a material. The invention is based upon ultrasonic interrogation and imaging of material microfeatures within the body of material by accepting only reflected ultrasonic energy from a preselected plane or volume within the material. An initial interrogation produces an identification reference. Subsequent new scans are statistically compared to the identification reference for making a match/non-match decision. 15 figs.

  2. Apparatus and method for identification and recognition of an item with ultrasonic patterns from item subsurface micro-features

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Perkins, Richard W.; Fuller, James L.; Doctor, Steven R.; Good, Morris S.; Heasler, Patrick G.; Skorpik, James R.; Hansen, Norman H.

    1995-01-01

    The present invention is a means and method for identification and recognition of an item by ultrasonic imaging of material microfeatures and/or macrofeatures within the bulk volume of a material. The invention is based upon ultrasonic interrogation and imaging of material microfeatures within the body of material by accepting only reflected ultrasonic energy from a preselected plane or volume within the material. An initial interrogation produces an identification reference. Subsequent new scans are statistically compared to the identification reference for making a match/non-match decision.

  3. Method of locating related items in a geometric space for data mining

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hendrickson, B.A.

    1999-07-27

    A method for locating related items in a geometric space transforms relationships among items to geometric locations. The method locates items in the geometric space so that the distance between items corresponds to the degree of relatedness. The method facilitates communication of the structure of the relationships among the items. The method is especially beneficial for communicating databases with many items, and with non-regular relationship patterns. Examples of such databases include databases containing items such as scientific papers or patents, related by citations or keywords. A computer system adapted for practice of the present invention can include a processor, a storage subsystem, a display device, and computer software to direct the location and display of the entities. The method comprises assigning numeric values as a measure of similarity between each pairing of items. A matrix is constructed, based on the numeric values. The eigenvectors and eigenvalues of the matrix are determined. Each item is located in the geometric space at coordinates determined from the eigenvectors and eigenvalues. Proper construction of the matrix and proper determination of coordinates from eigenvectors can ensure that distance between items in the geometric space is representative of the numeric value measure of the items' similarity. 12 figs.

  4. Method of locating related items in a geometric space for data mining

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hendrickson, Bruce A.

    1999-01-01

    A method for locating related items in a geometric space transforms relationships among items to geometric locations. The method locates items in the geometric space so that the distance between items corresponds to the degree of relatedness. The method facilitates communication of the structure of the relationships among the items. The method is especially beneficial for communicating databases with many items, and with non-regular relationship patterns. Examples of such databases include databases containing items such as scientific papers or patents, related by citations or keywords. A computer system adapted for practice of the present invention can include a processor, a storage subsystem, a display device, and computer software to direct the location and display of the entities. The method comprises assigning numeric values as a measure of similarity between each pairing of items. A matrix is constructed, based on the numeric values. The eigenvectors and eigenvalues of the matrix are determined. Each item is located in the geometric space at coordinates determined from the eigenvectors and eigenvalues. Proper construction of the matrix and proper determination of coordinates from eigenvectors can ensure that distance between items in the geometric space is representative of the numeric value measure of the items' similarity.

  5. Assessment of nuclear anxiety among American students: Stability over time, secular trends, and emotional correlates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Newcomb, M.D.

    1989-10-01

    Studies of reactions and attitudes toward nuclear war have progressed from the use of anecdotal evidence to multi-item psychological measures. Additional psychometric data and substantive results of the Nuclear Attitudes Questionnaire (NAQ; Newcomb, 1986) are reported here. Data from three independent samples of students from the United States collected in 1984, 1986, and 1987 were compared and contrasted. The 1986 data were obtained immediately following the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident. Test-retest reliability of the NAQ items and subscales was quite high and comparable among samples and established the across-time stability of the measure. There were several secular trends across years on items and subscales, indicating some increased concern about nuclear power (particularly in 1986), but also a general increase in nuclear concerns, fears, and anxiety. Anticipated sex differences were found on many of the NAQ items and subscales. Correlations between the NAQ subscales and the nine SCL-90-R scales (Derogatis, 1977) were consistent for the 1986 and 1987 samples. In latent variable analyses, a general factor of Emotional Distress was significantly correlated with a general factor of Nuclear Anxiety, as well as specifically with nuclear concern and fear for the future.

  6. Exhibits, Museums, Historic Facilities, and Public Tours | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy History » Historical Resources » Exhibits, Museums, Historic Facilities, and Public Tours Exhibits, Museums, Historic Facilities, and Public Tours Exhibits, Museums, Historic Facilities, and Public Tours New! Manhattan Project National Historical Park The Department of Energy (DOE) supports exhibits, museums, and historic facilities across the country dedicated to displaying and interpreting the history of the Department and its scientific and technological missions and

  7. Idaho State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program (EECBG) historic preservation programmatic agreement for Idaho.

  8. Ivory (soap) Flakes and historic artifacts

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    list of elements. It could not be found. Historic treasures such as that, once lost, are gone forever. That's a shame, but it happens all too often. It seems we don't...

  9. Lowell, Massachusetts, Preserves Historic Home Through Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The house was in need of a series of upgrades that improved energy efficiency while catering to the specific needs of a historic home and museum. Through the BetterBuildings Lowell ...

  10. WPN 10-12: Historic Preservation Implementation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    To provide guidance regarding the National Historic Preservation, 16 U.S.C. 470 et seq., as it relates to the DOE Grantees of the WAP, SEP, and EECBG.

  11. Trends in independent power production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-12-01

    A 33-person panel recently convened by Future Technology Surveys, Inc., identified a series of the most important IPP trends to have occurred int the past five years, and forecast what will happen in this volatile market over the next five years. The survey was designed to present viewpoints of experts in the United States and was intentionally not international in scope. The most important trends from 1989--1994 are ranked in order of importance as: global market; retail wheeling/open access; exempt wholesale generators (EWGs); Energy Policy Act 1992; increased competition; transmission (better access and policy changes); consolidation of industry; bulk power marketing and sales; open competitive bidding; and almost exclusive shift to large gas projects. There is shift in emphasis, and the introduction of new trends, in IPP executive prediction for the future (1995--1999). Their views, in order of importance, are: retail wheeling; increased globalization; consolidation of industry; competition and direct competition with utilities; open access transmission; restructuring of entire power utility industry; deregulation; electricity as a commodity; and unbundling of integrated monopolies.

  12. A Solar Decathlon Entry for Historic Norfolk

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    It’s a tale of two universities with a vision for one historic city. Students from both Hampton and Old Dominion universities have joined forces to compete in the upcoming Energy Department Solar Decathlon with their entry, called Unit 6 Unplugged. At Tidewater Virginia, the students will unveil their vision for the future -- an energy-efficient house that captures the “Arts and Crafts” design style of homes dotted throughout historic Norfolk, Virginia.

  13. Historically Underrepresented Communities | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Historically Underrepresented Communities Historically Underrepresented Communities The Department recognizes that embracing diversity in all aspects of our operations is crucial to achieving our mission. Diversity is more than simply numbers and statistics, it is a cross-cutting imperative of our people, programs, partners, and innovation at the Department. Everyone deserves equal participation and access to the energy programs of the Department, and, with the support of Secretary Moniz and

  14. Historical - Submitting Environmental Impact Statements (EPA, 2011) |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Historical - Submitting Environmental Impact Statements (EPA, 2011) Historical - Submitting Environmental Impact Statements (EPA, 2011) Guidance from the Environmental Protection Agency's Office of Federal Activities on the filing of EISs. Submitting Environmental Impact Statements (41.64 KB) More Documents & Publications Partially Superceded - Frequently Asked Questions on Filing EISs with EPA's Office of Federal Activities (EPA, 1994) EIS-0470: EPA Amended Notice

  15. SAVANNAH RIVER SITE COLD WAR HISTORIC PROPERTY DOCUMENTATION

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    WAR HISTORIC PROPERTY DOCUMENTATION 700A AREA Aiken County, South Carolina 6150 East ... as contributing resources to a Savannah River Site (SRS) Cold War Historic District. ...

  16. Title 22 Chapter 14 Historic Preservation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Preservation, Vermont State Historic Preservation Officer, and the Vermont Advisory Council on Historic Preservation. Cultural considerations are analyzed in a cooperative...

  17. Title 16 USC 470a Historic Preservation Program | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Historic Preservation Program Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: Title 16 USC 470a Historic Preservation...

  18. August 10, 2012: Memorandum of agreement to preserve historic...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to preserve historic contributions of K-25 August 10, 2012: Memorandum of agreement to preserve historic contributions of K-25 August 10, 2012: Memorandum of agreement to ...

  19. Arizona State Historic Preservation Office | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Historic Preservation Office Jump to: navigation, search Name: Arizona State Historic Preservation Office Abbreviation: SHPO Address: 1300 West Washington Street Place: Phoenix,...

  20. Nevada State Historic Preservation Office | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Office Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Nevada State Historic Preservation Office Name: Nevada State Historic Preservation Office Address: 901 S. Stewart St. Place: Carson City,...

  1. Wyoming State Historic Preservation Office | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Historic Preservation Office Jump to: navigation, search Name: Wyoming State Historic Preservation Office Abbreviation: SHPO Address: 2301 Central Avenue Place: Cheyenne, Wyoming...

  2. Hawaii State Historic Preservation Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Preservation Website Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Hawaii State Historic Preservation Website Author State of Hawaii State Historic...

  3. Preservationists Tour Historic Log Cabin at the Grand Junction...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Preservationists Tour Historic Log Cabin at the Grand Junction, Colorado, Office Preservationists Tour Historic Log Cabin at the Grand Junction, Colorado, Office April 19, 2016 - ...

  4. Savannah River Site Celebrates Historic Closure of Radioactive...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Celebrates Historic Closure of Radioactive Waste Tanks: Senior DOE Officials and South ... Savannah River Site Celebrates Historic Closure of Radioactive Waste Tanks: Senior DOE ...

  5. Laboratory issues statement on Los Alamos historical document...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Historical document retrieval and assessment report Laboratory issues statement on Los Alamos Historical Document Retrieval and Assessment report This is an important document, and...

  6. DOI - Archeology and Historic Preservation Standards and Guidelines...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Archeology and Historic Preservation Standards and Guidelines Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: DOI - Archeology and Historic...

  7. Hawaii Historic Preservation Permit Packet | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hawaii Historic Preservation Permit Packet Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance - Checklist: Hawaii Historic...

  8. Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources Historic Preservation...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Historic Preservation Division Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Address: Kakuhihewa Building601...

  9. Trends in packaged steam generators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ganapathy, V. [ABCO Industries, Abilene, TX (United States)

    1996-09-01

    Oil and gas-fired packaged steam generators are used in many industrial plants. They generate saturated or superheated steam up to 250,000 lb/hr, 1000 psig, and 950 F. They may be used for continuous steam generation or as standby boilers in cogeneration systems. Numerous variables affect the design of this equipment. A few important considerations should be addressed at an early point by the plant engineer specifying or evaluating equipment options. These considerations include trends such as customized designs that minimize operating costs and ensure emissions regulations are met. The paper discusses efficiency considerations first.

  10. Meeting Action Items and Highlights from the Bio-Derived Liquids...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) & Hydrogen Production Technical Team Research Review Meeting Action Items and Highlights from the Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed ...

  11. NQA-1 Requirements for Commercial Grade Item Acceptance: ICONE20-54738

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Valkenburg, Taunia S.; Holmes, Richard A.; Tepley, Daniel J.; Sandquist, Gary

    2012-07-19

    Objectives are: (1) Present the DOE Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Replacement (CMRR) Project Commercial Grade Item (CGI) Dedication Process; and (2) Present CMRR Project CGI Lessons-Learned.

  12. Doubles counting of highly multiplying items in reflective surroundings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Croft, Stephen; Evans, Louise G; Schear, Melissa A; Tobin, Stephen J

    2010-11-18

    When a neutrons are counted from a spontaneously fissile multiplying item in a reflecting environment the temporal behavior of the correlated signal following neutron birth is complex. At early times the signal is dominated by prompt fission events coming from spontaneous fission bursts and also from prompt fast-neutron induced fission events. At later times neutrons 'returning' from the surroundings induce fission and give rise to an additional chain of correlated events. The prompt and returning components probe the fissile and fertile constituents of the item in different ways and it is potentially beneficial to exploit this fact. In this work we look at how the two components can be represented using a linear combination of two simple functions. Fitting of the composite function to the capture time distribution represents one way of quantifying the proportion of each contribution. Another approach however is to use a dual shift register analysis where after each triggering event two coincidence gates are opened, one close to the trigger that responds preferentially to the prompt dynamics and one later in time which is more sensitive to the returning neutron induced events. To decide on the best gate positions and gate widths and also to estimate the counting precision we can use the analytical fit to work out the necessary gate utilization factors which are required in both these calculations. In this work, we develop the approach. Illustrative examples are given using spent Low Enriched Uranium (LEU) Pressurized light Water Reactor (LWR) fuel assemblies submersed in borated water and counted in a ring of {sup 3}He gas-filled proportional counters. In this case the prompt component is dominated by {sup 244}Cm spontaneous fission and induced fast neutron fission in for example {sup 238}U while the returning low energy neutrons induce fission mainly in the fissile nuclides such as {sup 239}Pu, {sup 241}Pu and {sup 235}U. One requirement is to calculate the Random

  13. The Disctrict of Columbia State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office.

  14. SPR - Historical Oil Sales and Exchanges | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    - Historical Oil Sales and Exchanges SPR - Historical Oil Sales and Exchanges SPR - Historical Oil Sales and Exchanges (80.17 KB) More Documents & Publications Historical SPR Annual Reports to Congress 2009 SPR Report to Congress SPR Acquisition Procedures - Final Rulemaking

  15. Department of Energy Research Opportunities for Historically Black Colleges

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Universities | Department of Energy Department of Energy Research Opportunities for Historically Black Colleges and Universities Department of Energy Research Opportunities for Historically Black Colleges and Universities Information about the Department's laboratories, funding opportunities, partnerships with Historically Black Colleges and Universities, WDTS Program Mission. Department of Energy Research Opportunities for Historically Black Colleges and Universities (472.61 KB) More

  16. Testing of a low-cost item monitoring system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frank, D.J.; Cunningham, K.R.; Hoover, C.E.; Trujillo, A.A.

    1988-01-01

    Material control is an important element of any security system which seeks to address the insider threat. Sandia has developed Wireless Alarm Transmission of Container Handling (WATCH) which is a remote sensor system that provides a low-cost, convenient way of monitoring item movement. Rockwell International/Rocky Flats Plant (RFP) and Sandia have conducted a long-term evaluation of the WATCH system in an operating production facility. Testing was conducted in a large scale, remote access storage vault for Special Nuclear Materials (SNM). A total of fourteen WATCH units were placed on storage containers in the vault. A schedule was established which provided prearranged movement of monitored containers on a regular basis. The test objectives were to determine (1) the feasibility of using the WATCH system technology to implement material control concepts, (2) the system performance in an active production area, and high radiation environment, (3) the sensitivity settings required for optimum system performance, and (4) the spatial resolution of the transmitter/receiver utilized.

  17. Testing of a low-cost item monitoring system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frank, D.J.; Cunningham, K.R.; Hoover, C.E.; Trujillo, A.A.

    1988-01-01

    Material control is an important element of any security system which seeks to address the insider threat. Sandia has developed Wireless Alarm Transmission of Container Handling (WATCH) which is a remote sensory system that provides a low-cost, convenient way of monitoring item movement. Rockwell International/Rocky Flats Plant (RFP) and Sandia have conducted a long-term evaluation of the WATCH system in an operating production facility. Testing was conducted in a large scale, remote access storage vault for Special Nuclear Materials (SNM). A total of fourteen WATCH units were placed on storage containers in the vault. A schedule was established which provided prearranged movement of monitored containers on a regular basis. The test objectives were to determine 1) the feasibility of using the WATCH system technology to implement material control concepts, 2) the system performance in an active production area, and high radiation environment, 3) the sensitivity settings required for optimum system performance, and 4) the spatial resolution of the transmitter/receiver utilized.

  18. Historic contamination along Oakland Inner Harbor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bird, J.C.; Shafer, D.L.

    1995-09-01

    As part of the ongoing remedial investigations (RI) at the Navy`s fleet and Industrial Supply Center, Oakland (FISCO)-Alameda Facility/Alameda Annex (the facility), FISC Oakland, and NAS Alameda, the presence of widespread historic chemical contaminants along the interface between the fill material and the former marshland deposits has been discovered. The historic contaminants are believed to have accumulated within the marshland areas prior to the filling activities along the Oakland Inner Harbor. The historic contaminants consist of heavy petroleum hydrocarbons, aromatic hydrocarbons, and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), apparently generated by the former industries in the area. Three solid waste management units (SWMUs) and eight areas of concern ( AOCs) were identified at the facility. Three SWMUs and 1 AOC were recommended for site investigations as high-priority.

  19. MANHATTAN PROJECT NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    MANHATTAN PROJECT NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK MANHATTAN PROJECT NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK What's New November 11-12, 2015: Opening the Manhattan Project National Historical Park November 11-12, 2015: Opening the Manhattan Project National Historical Park Oak Ridge, Hanford, and Los Alamos communities hold celebrations to mark the opening of the new park. The National Park Service launches its Manhattan Project National Historical park visitors page. Read more November 10, 2015: Manhattan Project

  20. A historical analysis of the co-evolution of gasoline octane number and spark-ignition engines

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Splitter, Derek A.; Pawlowski, Alex E.; Wagner, Robert M.

    2016-01-06

    In our work, the authors reviewed engine, vehicle, and fuel data since 1925 to examine the historical and recent coupling of compression ratio and fuel antiknock properties (i.e., octane number) in the U.S. light-duty vehicle market. The analysis identified historical timeframes, trends, and illustrated how three factors: consumer preferences, technical capabilities, and regulatory legislation, affect personal mobility. Data showed that throughout history these three factors have a complex and time sensitive interplay. Long term trends in the data were identified where interaction and evolution between all three factors was observed. Transportation efficiency per unit power (gal/ton-mi/hp) was found to bemore » a good metric to integrate technical, societal, and regulatory effects into the evolutional pathway of personal mobility. From this framework, discussions of future evolutionary changes to personal mobility are also presented.« less

  1. Energy Efficiency Trends in Residential and Commercial Buildings...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Efficiency Trends in Residential and Commercial Buildings - August 2010 Energy Efficiency Trends in Residential and Commercial Buildings - August 2010 Overview of building trends ...

  2. Disentangling climatic and anthropogenic controls on global terrestrial evapotranspiration trends

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Mao, Jiafu; Shi, Xiaoying; Ricciuto, Daniel M.; Wei, Yaxing; Thornton, Peter E.; Hoffman, Forrest M.; Fu, Wenting; Fisher, Joshua B.; Dickinson, Robert E.; Shem, Willis; et al

    2015-09-08

    Here, we examined natural and anthropogenic controls on terrestrial evapotranspiration (ET) changes from 1982-2010 using multiple estimates from remote sensing-based datasets and process-oriented land surface models. A significant increased trend of ET in each hemisphere was consistently revealed by observationally-constrained data and multi-model ensembles that considered historic natural and anthropogenic drivers. The climate impacts were simulated to determine the spatiotemporal variations in ET. Globally, rising CO2 ranked second in these models after the predominant climatic influences, and yielded a decreasing trend in canopy transpiration and ET, especially for tropical forests and high-latitude shrub land. Increased nitrogen deposition slightly amplified globalmore » ET via enhanced plant growth. Land-use-induced ET responses, albeit with substantial uncertainties across the factorial analysis, were minor globally, but pronounced locally, particularly over regions with intensive land-cover changes. Our study highlights the importance of employing multi-stream ET and ET-component estimates to quantify the strengthening anthropogenic fingerprint in the global hydrologic cycle.« less

  3. Disentangling climatic and anthropogenic controls on global terrestrial evapotranspiration trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mao, Jiafu; Shi, Xiaoying; Ricciuto, Daniel M.; Wei, Yaxing; Thornton, Peter E.; Hoffman, Forrest M.; Fu, Wenting; Fisher, Joshua B.; Dickinson, Robert E.; Shem, Willis; Piao, Shilong; Wang, Kaicun; Schwalm, Christopher R.; Tian, Hanqin; Mu, Mingquan; Arain, Altaf; Ciais, Philippe; Cook, Robert; Dai, Yongjiu; Hayes, Daniel; Huang, Maoyi; Huang, Suo; Huntzinger, Deborah N.; Ito, Akihiko; Jain, Atul; King, Anthony W.; Lei, Huimin; Lu, Chaoqun; Michalak, Anna M.; Parazoo, Nicholas; Peng, Changhui; Peng, Shushi; Poulter, Benjamin; Schaefer, Kevin; Jafarov, Elchin; Wang, Weile; Zeng, Ning; Zeng, Zhenzhong; Zhao, Fang; Zhu, Qiuan; Zhu, Zaichun

    2015-09-08

    Here, we examined natural and anthropogenic controls on terrestrial evapotranspiration (ET) changes from 1982-2010 using multiple estimates from remote sensing-based datasets and process-oriented land surface models. A significant increased trend of ET in each hemisphere was consistently revealed by observationally-constrained data and multi-model ensembles that considered historic natural and anthropogenic drivers. The climate impacts were simulated to determine the spatiotemporal variations in ET. Globally, rising CO2 ranked second in these models after the predominant climatic influences, and yielded a decreasing trend in canopy transpiration and ET, especially for tropical forests and high-latitude shrub land. Increased nitrogen deposition slightly amplified global ET via enhanced plant growth. Land-use-induced ET responses, albeit with substantial uncertainties across the factorial analysis, were minor globally, but pronounced locally, particularly over regions with intensive land-cover changes. Our study highlights the importance of employing multi-stream ET and ET-component estimates to quantify the strengthening anthropogenic fingerprint in the global hydrologic cycle.

  4. TRENDS 1991: A compendium of data on global change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boden, T.A.; Sepanski, R.J.; Stoss, F.W.

    1991-12-01

    This document is a source of frequently used global-change data. This second issue of the Trends series expands the coverage of sites recording atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and methane (CH{sub 4}), and it updates records reported in the first issue. New data for other trace atmospheric gases have been included in this issue; historical data on nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}) from ice cores, modern records of atmospheric concentrations of chlorofluorocarbons (CFC-11 and CFC-12) and N{sub 2}O, and estimates of global estimates of CFC-11 and CFC-12. The estimates for global and national CO{sub 2} emissions from the burning of fossil fuels, the production of cement, and gas flaring have been revised and updated. Regional CO{sub 2} emission estimates have been added, and long-term temperature records have been updated and expanded. Data records are presented in four- to six-page formats, each dealing with a specific site, region, or emissions species. The data records include tables and graphs; discussion of methods for collecting, measuring, and reporting the data; trends in the data; and references to literature that provides further information. All data appearing in the document are available on digital media from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center.

  5. Microsoft Word - Appendix N_Historical.doc

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    N Example Historical Marker and Plaque U.S. Department of Energy Weldon Spring Site LTS&M Plan July 2005 Doc. No. S0079000 Page N-3 Weldon Spring Site LTS&M Plan U.S. Department of Energy Doc. No. S0079000 July 2005 Page N-4

  6. New York State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, the NY State Homes and Community Renewal, the NY State Energy Research and Development Authority, the NY Power Authority, and the NY State Office and State Historic Preservation Office regarding EECBG, SEP and WAP undertakings.

  7. Sector trends and driving forces of global energy use and greenhouse gas emissions: focus in industry and buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Price, Lynn; Worrell, Ernst; Khrushch, Marta

    1999-09-01

    Disaggregation of sectoral energy use and greenhouse gas emissions trends reveals striking differences between sectors and regions of the world. Understanding key driving forces in the energy end-use sectors provides insights for development of projections of future greenhouse gas emissions. This report examines global and regional historical trends in energy use and carbon emissions in the industrial, buildings, transport, and agriculture sectors, with a more detailed focus on industry and buildings. Activity and economic drivers as well as trends in energy and carbon intensity are evaluated. The authors show that macro-economic indicators, such as GDP, are insufficient for comprehending trends and driving forces at the sectoral level. These indicators need to be supplemented with sector-specific information for a more complete understanding of future energy use and greenhouse gas emissions.

  8. A Community Emissions Data System (CEDS) for Historical Emissions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Steven J.; Zhou, Yuyu; Kyle, G. Page; Wang, Hailong; Yu, Hongbin

    2015-04-21

    Historical emission estimates for anthropogenic aerosol and precursor compounds are key data needed for Earth system models, climate models, and atmospheric chemistry and transport models; both for general analysis and assessment and also for model validation through comparisons with observations. Current global emission data sets have a number of shortcomings, including timeliness and transparency. Satellite and other earth-system data are increasingly available in near real-time, but global emission estimates lag by 5-10 years. The CEDS project will construct a data-driven, open source framework to produce annually updated emission estimates. The basic methodologies to be used for this system have been used for SO2 (Smith et al. 2011, Klimont, Smith and Cofala 2013), and are designed to complement existing inventory efforts. The goal of this system is to consistently extend current emission estimates both forward in time to recent years and also back over the entire industrial era. The project will produce improved datasets for global and (potentially) regional model, allow analysis of trends across time, countries, and sectors of emissions and emission factors, and facilitate improved scientific analysis in general. Consistent estimation of uncertainty will be an integral part of this system. This effort will facilitate community evaluation of emissions and further emission-related research more generally.

  9. Trends in stationary energy | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Trends in stationary energy Trends in stationary energy Trends in Stationary Energy Lunch Presentation for the 2013 Building Technologies Office's Program Peer Review stationaryenergy_mccormick_040213.pdf (816.41 KB) More Documents & Publications The Water-Energy Nexus: Challenges and Opportunities Capturing the Benefits of Integrated Resource Management for Water & Electricity Utilities and their Partners QER Public Meeting in San Francisco, CA: The Water-Energy Nexus

  10. Trends in Commercial Buildings--Table

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Home > Trends in Commercial Buildings > Energy Consumption - Part 1> Site Energy Consumption Tables Table 1. Total site energy consumption, relative standard errors, and 95%...

  11. Trends in Real Estate and Energy Efficiency

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Better Buildings Residential Network Peer Exchange Call Series: Trends in Real Estate and Energy Efficiency, call slides and discussion summary, January 22, 2015.

  12. Trends in Commercial Buildings--Introduction

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    series of surveys in each sector reveals the trends in energy use for the sector. Introduction The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) collects data from a...

  13. Energy Project Incentive Funds: Updates and Trends

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation covers the energy project incentive fund updates and trends and is given at the Spring 2011 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting.

  14. Isotopic Trends in Production of Superheavies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Antonenko, N.V.; Adamian, G.G.; Zubov, A.S.; Scheid, W.

    2005-11-21

    The isotopic trends are discussed for cold and hot fusion reactions leading to superheavies. The possibilities of production of new isotopes in incomplete fusion reactions are treated.

  15. Greener Commercial A/C Units Becoming a Cool Item | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Greener Commercial A/C Units Becoming a Cool Item Greener Commercial A/C Units Becoming a Cool Item July 1, 2010 - 5:11pm Addthis Greener Commercial A/C Units Becoming a Cool Item Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE A new federal tax credit is helping McQuay International expand its line of energy-efficient HVAC products at two of its plants and bring back furloughed workers. With the help of a 48C manufacturing tax credit worth $2 million under the American

  16. NPS - National Register of Historic Places website | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    NPS - National Register of Historic Places website Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: NPS - National Register of Historic Places website...

  17. Fact #915: March 7, 2016 Average Historical Annual Gasoline Pump...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Average Historical Annual Gasoline Pump Price, 1929-2015 fotw915web.xlsx (24.76 KB) More Documents & Publications Fact 888: August 31, 2015 Historical Gas Prices - Dataset Fact ...

  18. Archaeological and Historic Preservation Act | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and Historic Preservation Act Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: Archaeological and Historic Preservation ActLegal...

  19. Historic utility retail rate information | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    updates) until just recently, so you may not find too much history. Going forward, we hope to make historic rates more organized, using the "supersedes" field to connect historic...

  20. An Assessment of Historic Properties and Preservation Activities...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    An Assessment of Historic Properties and Preservation Activities at the U.S. Department of Energy, 2014 An Assessment of Historic Properties and Preservation Activities at the U.S....

  1. Historic Virginia Market Powered by Solar Energy | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Historic Virginia Market Powered by Solar Energy Historic Virginia Market Powered by Solar Energy November 3, 2010 - 11:00am Addthis Solar panels at the Community Market Building ...

  2. Fact #888: August 31, 2015 Historical Gas Prices - Dataset |...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Fact 888: August 31, 2015 Historical Gas Prices - Dataset Excel file and dataset for Historical Gas Prices fotw888web.xlsx (23.12 KB) More Documents & Publications Fact 915: ...

  3. Community celebrates K-25 historic preservation agreement | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Community celebrates K-25 historic preservation agreement Community celebrates K-25 historic preservation agreement August 10, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Oak Ridge, TN - In a ceremony attended by representatives of federal, state, and local historic preservation groups, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced the formal completion of an agreement that will preserve the historic contributions of Oak Ridge's K-25 site to the World War II Manhattan Project. Mark Whitney, the DOE's new

  4. Review of Historical Membrane Workshop Results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Historical Membrane Workshop Results Review of Historical Membrane Workshop Results 2012 Advanced Manufacturing Office Workshop on Membrane Technology 2012 DOE Membrane Workshop Sharon Robinson overview of historical R&D 2012 DOE Membrane Workshop Final Report 2005 ITP Report: Materials for Separation Technologies: Energy and Emission Reduction Opportunities 2005 ITP Report: Hybrid Separations/Distillation Technology: Research Opportunities for Energy and Emissions Reduction Historical

  5. LOWELL ADDS ENERGY EFFICIENCY TO HISTORIC UPGRADES | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    LOWELL ADDS ENERGY EFFICIENCY TO HISTORIC UPGRADES LOWELL ADDS ENERGY EFFICIENCY TO HISTORIC UPGRADES LOWELL ADDS ENERGY EFFICIENCY TO HISTORIC UPGRADES Faced with the challenge of making buildings in a National Historical Park area more energy efficient, the City of Lowell, Massachusetts, used $5 million in seed funding from the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Neighborhood Program to launch the BetterBuildings Lowell Energy Upgrade (BLEU) project. From the beginning, the project

  6. Lowell, Massachusetts, Preserves Historic Home Through Energy Upgrades |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Preserves Historic Home Through Energy Upgrades Lowell, Massachusetts, Preserves Historic Home Through Energy Upgrades Photo of a two-story historic home. Artist James MacNeil Whistler's birthplace home in Lowell, Massachusetts, was built in 1823 and now houses the Lowell Art Association. The house was in need of a series of upgrades that improved energy efficiency while catering to the specific needs of a historic home and museum. Through the BetterBuildings Lowell

  7. Recommendation 167: Historic Preservation of the K-25 Building

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The OSSAB Recommendation to DOE on Historic Preservation of the K-25 Building at East Tennessee Technology Park.

  8. K-25: Historic Preservation Agreement | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    K-25: Historic Preservation Agreement K-25: Historic Preservation Agreement Addthis Description In a ceremony attended by representatives of federal, state, and local historic preservation groups, the U.S. Department of Energy announced the formal completion of an agreement that will preserve the historic contributions of Oak Ridge's K-25 site to the World War II Manhattan Project. In this video, Oak Ridge Historian Bill Wilcox explores the contributions the K-25 project gave to our country and

  9. 36 CFR PART 800 - Protection of Historic Preservation | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy 36 CFR PART 800 - Protection of Historic Preservation 36 CFR PART 800 - Protection of Historic Preservation 36 CFR PART 800 - Protection of Historic Preservation (145.15 KB) More Documents & Publications WPN 10-12: Historic Preservation Implementation Meeting the "Reasonable and Good Faith" Identification Standard in Section 106 Review (ACHP, 2011) Guidance for Indian Tribes and Native Hawaiian Organizations: What to Ask the Federal Agency in the Section 106 Process

  10. Vermont State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Vermont State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Vermont State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement Fully executed programmatic agreement between the U.S. Department of Energy, the Vermont Department of Public Service, the Vermont Office of Economic Opportunity and the Vermont Division for Historic Preservation regarding EECBG, SEP and WAP undertakings. state_historic_preservation_programmatic_agreement_vt.pdf (6.86 MB) More Documents & Publications NEW JERSEY

  11. Historical Procurement Information - by Location | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Historical Procurement Information - by Location Historical Procurement Information - by Location Small business contracing is difficult to navigate. We've built the Small Business Opportunities Tool to identify historical records of what the Department of Energy has purchased, which you can use to identify likely future opportunities. Use the downloads below to view historical procurement by state. California.pdf (114.54 KB) Colorado.pdf (127.77 KB) DistrictColumbia.pdf (126.17 KB) Georgia.pdf

  12. President Obama Chairs Historic UN Security Council Meeting | National

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Nuclear Security Administration | (NNSA) Chairs Historic UN Security Council Meeting President Obama Chairs Historic UN Security Council Meeting New York, NY On September 24, 2009, President Obama chaired an historic meeting of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), during which the UNSC unanimously cosponsored and adopted a resolution aimed at implementing the nuclear security agenda President Obama outlined in his Prague speech

  13. Meeting Action Items and Highlights from the Bio-Derived Liquids to

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) & Hydrogen Production Technical Team Research Review | Department of Energy Action Items and Highlights from the Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) & Hydrogen Production Technical Team Research Review Meeting Action Items and Highlights from the Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) & Hydrogen Production Technical Team Research Review This is the

  14. Techniques for reducing error in the calorimetric measurement of low wattage items

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sedlacek, W.A.; Hildner, S.S.; Camp, K.L.; Cremers, T.L.

    1993-08-01

    The increased need for the measurement of low wattage items with production calorimeters has required the development of techniques to maximize the precision and accuracy of the calorimeter measurements. An error model for calorimetry measurements is presented. This model is used as a basis for optimizing calorimetry measurements through baseline interpolation. The method was applied to the heat measurement of over 100 items and the results compared to chemistry assay and mass spectroscopy.

  15. Natural gas 1998: Issues and trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1999-06-01

    Natural Gas 1998: Issues and Trends provides a summary of the latest data and information relating to the US natural gas industry, including prices, production, transmission, consumption, and the financial and environmental aspects of the industry. The report consists of seven chapters and five appendices. Chapter 1 presents a summary of various data trends and key issues in today`s natural gas industry and examines some of the emerging trends. Chapters 2 through 7 focus on specific areas or segments of the industry, highlighting some of the issues associated with the impact of natural gas operations on the environment. 57 figs., 18 tabs.

  16. Changing Trends in the Bulk Chemicals and Pulp and Paper Industries (released in AEO2005)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2005-01-01

    Compared with the experience of the 1990s, rising energy prices in recent years have led to questions about expectations of growth in industrial output, particularly in energy-intensive industries. Given the higher price trends, a review of expected growth trends in selected industries was undertaken as part of the production of Annual Energy Outlook 2005 (AEO). In addition, projections for the industrial value of shipments, which were based on the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system in AEO2004, are based on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) in AEO2005. The change in industrial classification leads to lower historical growth rates for many industrial sectors. The impacts of these two changes are highlighted in this section for two of the largest energy-consuming industries in the U.S. industrial sector-bulk chemicals and pulp and paper.

  17. Historical hydronuclear testing: Characterization and remediation technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shaulis, L.; Wilson, G.; Jacobson, R.

    1997-09-01

    This report examines the most current literature and information available on characterization and remediation technologies that could be used on the Nevada Test Site (NTS) historical hydronuclear test areas. Historical hydronuclear tests use high explosives and a small amount of plutonium. The explosion scatters plutonium within a contained subsurface environment. There is currently a need to characterize these test areas to determine the spatial extent of plutonium in the subsurface and whether geohydrologic processes are transporting the plutonium away from the event site. Three technologies were identified to assist in the characterization of the sites. These technologies are the Pipe Explorer{trademark}, cone penetrometer, and drilling. If the characterization results indicate that remediation is needed, three remediation technologies were identified that should be appropriate, namely: capping or sealing the surface, in situ grouting, and in situ vitrification. Capping the surface would prevent vertical infiltration of water into the soil column, but would not restrict lateral movement of vadose zone water. Both the in situ grouting and vitrification techniques would attempt to immobilize the radioactive contaminants to restrict or prevent leaching of the radioactive contaminants into the groundwater. In situ grouting uses penetrometers or boreholes to inject the soil below the contaminant zone with low permeability grout. In situ vitrification melts the soil containing contaminants into a solid block. This technique would provide a significantly longer contaminant immobilization, but some research and development would be required to re-engineer existing systems for use at deep soil depths. Currently, equipment can only handle shallow depth vitrification. After existing documentation on the historical hydronuclear tests have been reviewed and the sites have been visited, more specific recommendations will be made.

  18. Overview of Commercial Buildings, 2003 - Trends

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Trends in Commercial Buildings Sector-1979 to 2003 Since the first CBECS in 1979, the commercial buildings sector has increased in size. From 1979 to 2003: The number of commercial...

  19. Quality Procedure- Causal Analysis and Trending

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This Quality Procedure describes the process for reviewing and analyzing the cause(s) of issues and findings identified from the Office of Quality Assurance oversight activities and reporting trends as a result of this review.

  20. Prices & Trends | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Economy » Prices & Trends Prices & Trends Daily wholesale and retail prices for various energy products, including spot prices and select futures prices at national or regional levels. Prices are updated each weekday (excluding federal holidays), typically between 7:30 and 8:30 a.m | Photo courtesy EIA Daily wholesale and retail prices for various energy products, including spot prices and select futures prices at national or regional levels. Prices are updated each weekday (excluding

  1. Assessment of Historic Trend in Mobility and Energy Use in India Transportation Sector Using Bottom-up Approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Nan; McNeil, Michael A.

    2009-05-01

    Transportation mobility in India has increased significantly in the past decades. From 1970 to 2000, motorized mobility (passenger-km) has risen by 888%, compared with an 88% population growth (Singh,2006). This contributed to many energy and environmental issues, and an energy strategy incorporates efficiency improvement and other measures needs to be designed. Unfortunately, existing energy data do not provide information on driving forces behind energy use and sometime show large inconsistencies. Many previous studies address only a single transportation mode such as passenger road travel; did not include comprehensive data collection or analysis has yet been done, or lack detail on energy demand by each mode and fuel mix. The current study will fill a considerable gap in current efforts, develop a data base on all transport modes including passenger air and water, and freight in order to facilitate the development of energy scenarios and assess significance of technology potential in a global climate change model. An extensive literature review and data collection has been done to establish the database with breakdown of mobility, intensity, distance, and fuel mix of all transportation modes. Energy consumption was estimated and compared with aggregated transport consumption reported in IEA India transportation energy data. Different scenarios were estimated based on different assumptions on freight road mobility. Based on the bottom-up analysis, we estimated that the energy consumption from 1990 to 2000 increased at an annual growth rate of 7% for the mid-range road freight growth case and 12% for the high road freight growth case corresponding to the scenarios in mobility, while the IEA data only shows a 1.7% growth rate in those years.

  2. TrendSetter Solar Products Inc aka Trendsetter Industries formerly...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    TrendSetter Solar Products Inc aka Trendsetter Industries formerly Six River Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name: TrendSetter Solar Products Inc (aka Trendsetter Industries,...

  3. Are GRACE-era Terrestrial Water Trends Driven by Anthropogenic...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Are GRACE-era Terrestrial Water Trends Driven by Anthropogenic Climate Change? Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Are GRACE-era Terrestrial Water Trends Driven by ...

  4. NERSC User Day February 13 - Trends, Discovery, and Innovation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Day February 13 - Trends, Discovery, and Innovation in HPC NERSC User Day February 13 - Trends, Discovery, and Innovation in HPC February 10, 2013 by Francesca Verdier All members ...

  5. Jefferson Lab - Future Trends in Nuclear Physics Computing

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Trends2016 Privacy and Security Notice PREX - Credit:NASA LINKS Circular Registration Program Lodging Travel Visa Participants List Child Care Program print version Trends 2016 ...

  6. Recent Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies - Slower Growth...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies - Slower Growth Ahead? Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Recent Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies -...

  7. Periodic Trends in Highly Dispersed Groups IV and V Supported...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Periodic Trends in Highly Dispersed Groups IV and V Supported Metal Oxide Catalysts for ... Title: Periodic Trends in Highly Dispersed Groups IV and V Supported Metal Oxide Catalysts ...

  8. Trends in Real Estate and Energy Efficiency | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Efficiency Trends in Real Estate and Energy Efficiency Better Buildings Residential Network Peer Exchange Call Series: Trends in Real Estate and Energy Efficiency, call slides and ...

  9. Aligning Contract Incentives & Contract Mgt Trends - David Leotta...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Aligning Contract Incentives & Contract Mgt Trends - David Leotta, Director, Office of Contract Management, OAPM Aligning Contract Incentives & Contract Mgt Trends - David Leotta, ...

  10. UNEP Global Trends in Sustainable Energy Investment 2009 Report...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Global Trends in Sustainable Energy Investment 2009 Report Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: UNEP Global Trends in Sustainable Energy Investment 2009...

  11. Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India and South Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India...

  12. UNEP-Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2011 | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2011 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: UNEP-Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2011 AgencyCompany...

  13. Trends in Multifamily Programs: What's Working and What's Challenging...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Trends in Multifamily Programs: What's Working and What's Challenging Better Buildings Residential Network Multifamily Low-Income Peer Exchange Call Series: Trends in Multifamily ...

  14. Current Trends in Policy - What's new? - Berta Schreiber, Director...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Current Trends in Policy - What's new? - Berta Schreiber, Director, Office of Policy, OAPM Current Trends in Policy - What's new? - Berta Schreiber, Director, Office of Policy, ...

  15. Historical river flow rates for dose calculations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlton, W.H.

    1991-06-10

    Annual average river flow rates are required input to the LADTAP Computer Code for calculating offsite doses from liquid releases of radioactive materials to the Savannah River. The source of information on annual river flow rates used in dose calculations varies, depending on whether calculations are for retrospective releases or prospective releases. Examples of these types of releases are: Retrospective - releases from routine operations (annual environmental reports) and short term release incidents that have occurred. Prospective - releases that might be expected in the future from routine or abnormal operation of existing or new facilities (EIS`s, EID`S, SAR`S, etc.). This memorandum provides historical flow rates at the downstream gauging station at Highway 301 for use in retrospective dose calculations and derives flow rate data for the Beaufort-Jasper and Port Wentworth water treatment plants.

  16. A Historical Profile of the Higgs Boson

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ellis, John; Gaillard, Mary K.; Nanopoulos, Dimitri V.

    2012-01-31

    The Higgs boson was postulated in 1964, and phenomenological studies of its possible production and decays started in the early 1970s, followed by studies of its possible productionin e{sup +} e{sup -}, {anti p}p and pp collisions, in particular. Until recently, the most sensitive searches for the Higgs boson were at LEP between 1989 and 2000, which have been complemented bysearches at the Fermilab Tevatron. The LHC has recently entered the hunt, excluding a Higgs boson over a large range of masses and revealing a tantalizing hint in the range 119 to125 GeV, and there are good prospects that the existence or otherwise of the Higgs boson will soon be established. One of the most attractive possibilities is that the Higgs bosonis accompanied by supersymmetry, though composite options have yet to be excluded. This article reviews some of the key historical developments in Higgs physics over the past half-century.

  17. Secretary of Interior's Standards for the Treatment of Historic Properties

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy uses the Secretary of the Interior's Standards for the Treatment of Historic Properties and its accompanying Guidelines in carrying out its historic preservation responsibilities. The Standards are a series of concepts about maintaining, repairing, and replacing historic materials, as well as designing new additions or making alterations. The Guidelines offer general design and technical recommendations to assist in applying the Standards to a specific property.

  18. SRS becomes a historical landmark | National Nuclear Security

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Administration | (NNSA) SRS becomes a historical landmark Wednesday, May 21, 2014 - 10:42am Joining a list that includes structures like the Statue of Liberty and the Eiffel Tower, the Savannah River Site has officially been named as a Historical Landmark by ASM International, the professional society for materials science and manufacturing. SRS is one of only three landmarks designated from the current year's class of nominees. ASM historical landmarks identify sites and events that have

  19. Billion Ton Study-A Historical Perspective | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Billion Ton Study-A Historical Perspective Billion Ton Study-A Historical Perspective Breakout Session 1A: Biomass Feedstocks for the Bioeconomy Billion Ton Study-A Historical Perspective Bryce Stokes, Senior Advisor, CNJV stokes_bioenergy_2015.pdf (1.37 MB) More Documents & Publications Biomass Econ 101: Measuring the Technological Improvements on Feedstocks Costs WEBINAR: A CHANGING MARKET FOR BIOFUELS AND BIOPRODUCTS 2016 Billion-Ton Report Factsheets

  20. It's official: the Manhattan Project National Historical Park | Y-12

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    National Security Complex About / History / It's official: the ... It's official: the Manhattan Project National Historical Park Posted: December 17, 2015 - 5:05pm Y-12 Historian Ray Smith, wearing a bow tie in memory of Oak Ridge famed historian Bill Wilcox, shares his view of attending the Manhattan Project National Historic Park signing. Y-12 Historian Ray Smith was a part of history when he attended the signing of the Manhattan Project National Historical Park. He shares his memories

  1. Trends in motor gasolines: 1942-1981

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shelton, E M; Whisman, M L; Woodward, P W

    1982-06-01

    Trends in motor gasolines for the years of 1942 through 1981 have been evaluated based upon data contained in surveys that have been prepared and published by the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC). These surveys have been published twice annually since 1935 describing the properties of motor gasolines from throughout the country. The surveys have been conducted in cooperation with the American Petroleum Institute (API) since 1948. Various companies from throughout the country obtain samples from retail outlets, analyze the samples by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) procedures, and report data to the Bartlesville center for compilation, tabulation, calculation, analysis and publication. A typical motor gasoline report covers 2400 samples from service stations throughout the country representing some 48 companies that manufacture and supply gasoline. The reports include trend charts, octane plots, and tables of test results from about a dozen different tests. From these data in 77 semiannual surveys, a summary report has thus been assembled that shows trends in motor gasolines throughout the entire era of winter 1942 to 1943 to the present. Trends of physical properties including octane numbers, antiknock ratings, distillation temperatures, Reid vapor pressure, sulfur and lead content are tabulated, plotted and discussed in the current report. Also included are trend effects of technological advances and the interactions of engine design, societal and political events and prices upon motor gasoline evolution during the 40 year period.

  2. Subsea production systems -- Trends in the nineties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, J.W.

    1995-12-31

    This paper describes recent subsea production system experience, with focus on cost reduction trends which are expected to continue throughout the remainder of the decade. First, the system configuration trend from large, heavy, multi-well integrated drilling template and production/injection manifold systems to small, lightweight, ``minitemplate`` systems or clustered well manifolds with individual satellite wells is addressed. Second, several equipment technology trends are addressed including towed flowline bundles with integral manifolds, development of improved reservoir management/data acquisition tools, subsea pressure boosting to extend the reach of subsea systems, emergence of the rental tool market and ``tool pools``, ``horizontal`` trees for certain applications, and standardization of subsea components and interfaces. This paper concludes that subsea production systems have successfully demonstrated their overall reliability, and have established a proven track record over the past thirty years of field experience. System configuration and equipment technology trends in the nineties are now improving the profitability and capability of subsea production systems. Subsea production system examples are cited along with generic costs to illustrate the effectiveness of these cost reduction trends. 12 figs.

  3. Safeguard Application Options for the Laser-Based Item Monitoring System (LBIMS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laughter, Mark D

    2008-10-01

    Researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) are developing a Laser-Based Item Monitoring System (LBIMS) for advanced safeguards at nuclear facilities. LBIMS uses a low-power laser transceiver to monitor the presence and position of items with retroreflective tags. The primary advantages of LBIMS are its scalability to continuously monitor a wide range of items, its ability to operate unattended, its low cost of implementation, and its inherent information security due to its line-of-sight and non-broadcasting operation. The primary proposed safeguard application of LBIMS is described in its name: item monitoring. LBIMS could be implemented in a storage area to continuously monitor containers of nuclear material and the area in which they are stored. The system could be configured to provide off-site notification if any of the containers are moved or removed or if the area is accessed. Individual tags would be used to monitor storage containers, and additional tags could be used to record information regarding secondary storage units and room access. The capability to register small changes in tag position opens up the possibility of several other uses. These include continuously monitoring piping arrangements for design information verification or recording equipment positions for other safeguards systems, such as tracking the opening and closing of autoclaves as part of a cylinder tracking system or opening and closing valves on a sample or product take-off line. Combined with attribute tags, which transmit information from any kind of sensor by modulating the laser signal, LBIMS provides the capability to wirelessly and securely collect safeguards data, even in areas where radio-frequency or other wireless communication methods are not practicable. Four application types are described in this report: static item monitoring, in-process item monitoring with trigger tags, multi-layered integration with trigger tags, and line-of-sight data transfer with

  4. Historical Time Line and Information About the Hanford Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Briggs, James D.

    2001-03-07

    Historical time line of the Hanford Site spanning from 1940 through 1997, including photographs and other information regarding the town sites and living conditions.

  5. National Conference of State Historic Preservation Officers website...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    website Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: National Conference of State Historic Preservation Officers website Abstract This is the...

  6. Advisory Council on Historic Preservation - Section 106 Regulations...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- RegulationRegulation: Advisory Council on Historic Preservation - Section 106 RegulationsLegal Abstract Section 106 requires...

  7. Oregon Federal and State Historic Preservation Laws Webpage ...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Laws Webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Oregon Federal and State Historic Preservation Laws Webpage Abstract Provides...

  8. Nevada State Historic Preservation Office Webpage | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Office Webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Nevada State Historic Preservation Office Webpage Abstract Provides information about...

  9. Funds Awarded to Historically Black Colleges and Universities...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Research by Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Other Minority Institutions (HBCUOMI), recently announced awards to institutions under the HBCUOMI designation. ...

  10. Guidelines for the Development of Historic Properties Management...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Development of Historic Properties Management Plans for FERC Hydroelectric Projects Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library General: Guidelines for the...

  11. National Trust for Historic Preservation: America Saves! Energizing...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    National Trust for Historic Preservation: America Saves Energizing Main Street Small ... by creating long-term relationships between Main Street staff and energy program managers. ...

  12. Savannah River National Laboratory Meets with Historically Black...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Last week, student and faculty leaders at seven Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) spent the day at the Center for Hydrogen Research at Savannah River National ...

  13. Montana State Historic Preservation Office | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    recognize and protect the heritage sites of Montana, preserving our rich cultural landscape for generations to come. References "Montana SHPO Website" State Historic...

  14. Idaho State Historic Preservation Office Website | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Office Website Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Idaho State Historic Preservation Office Website Abstract This webpage provides...

  15. Oregon Federal and State Compliance for Historic and Archaeological...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Resources Webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Oregon Federal and State Compliance for Historic and Archaeological Resources...

  16. Aspinall Courthouse: GSA's Historic Preservation and Net-Zero...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    (GSA) decision to align historic preservation renovations with zero energy goals in the Wayne N. Aspinall Federal Building and U.S. Courthouse in Grand Junction, Colorado. ...

  17. Forest County Potawatomi Community- 2010 Energy Efficiency Historic Building Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Forest County Potawatomi Community (FCPC) will implement energy efficiency improvements in revitalizing its historic Milwaukee inner-city trust property.

  18. Aspinall Courthouse: GSA's Historic Preservation and Net-Zero...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    historic preservation renovations with net-zero energy goals in the Wayne N. Aspinall Federal Building and U.S. Courthouse in Grand Junction, Colorado. aspinallcourthouse.pdf...

  19. packagings -- Historical review Smith, J.A.; Salzbrenner, D....

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    based design for radioactive material transport packagings -- Historical review Smith, J.A.; Salzbrenner, D.; Sorenson, K.; McConnell, P. 42 ENGINEERING NOT INCLUDED IN...

  20. NSO Explores Closure Options for Historic Nuclear Testing Locations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NSO Explores Closure Options for Historic Nuclear Testing Locations Recent environmental restoration work at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) focuses on a number of ...

  1. Demolition Begins on Hanford's Historic Plutonium Vaults - Plutonium...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    - Plutonium Finishing Plant on track to meet regulatory milestone Demolition Begins on Hanford's Historic Plutonium Vaults - Plutonium Finishing Plant on track to meet ...

  2. Trends and balances: 1985-1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-01-01

    This is the seventh edition of Trends and Balances to be presented to the staff of Oak Ridge National (ORNL) and other interested parties. Each year at the end of the planning cycle the Laboratory publishes its official planning document, the Institutional Plan. Trends and Balances is brought out as a condensation of that more formal document and is intended to provide a reference to the kinds of plans that have occupied senior laboratory management over the past year. An institution as large as ORNL changes slowly, so some of the information in this document overlaps that contained in the previous edition of Trends and Balances. Much, however, is different. A new section, for example, describes what senior Laboratory management feels are five new directions for science and technology at ORNL. This document is intended to provide new insights into the programs and structure of the Laboratory.

  3. Coal Fired Power Generation Market Trends | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Coal Fired Power Generation Market Trends Home There are currently no posts in this category. Syndicate...

  4. Cover Page of Household Vehicles Energy Use: Latest Data & Trends

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Household Vehicles Energy Use Cover Page Cover Page of Household Vehicles Energy Use: Latest Data & Trends...

  5. Coal data book. [Historical data for periods of 10 to 50 years

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-02-01

    Coal Data Book is a data compilation on coal production and consumption assembled by the President's Commission on Coal (Historical trends and forecasts to 1985 and 1990). The President's Commission on Coal was established by Executive Order on May 26, 1978 and ended on March 15, 1980. The Commission conducted a comprehensive and independent review of the coal industry with particular emphasis on four areas: the future of the coal industry, labor-management relations, living conditions of coal miners, and the effects of government regulations on the production and utilization of coal. Other publications issued by the Commission and available through the US Government Printing Office are: The Americal Coal Miner, an illustrated book on living conditions of coal miners and their families, and Recommendations and Summary Findings of The President's Commission on Coal, the Commission's final report to President Carter.

  6. Certification of Completion of Item 2 of ASC FY07 Level-2 Milestone ID #2380

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lipari, D A

    2007-03-28

    This report documents the completion of Item 2 of the three milestone deliverables that comprise Milestone ID 2380: Deploy selected Tri-Lab resource manager at LLNL and develop support model. Specifically: LLNL will integrate and support a commercial resource manager software product at LLNL to be used across the tri-lab HPC facilities.

  7. Gallery of Historic Photos | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Gallery of Historic Photos Gallery of Historic Photos Ed Westcott Manhattan Project official photographer. All photos in our History section are by Ed Westcott, the government's official photographer for the Manhattan project. Pages 1 2 3 4 5 6 next › last »

  8. Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2005)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bird, L.; Brown, E.

    2006-10-01

    This report presents year-end 2005 data on utility green pricing programs, and examines trends in consumer response and program implementation over time. The data in this report, which were obtained via a questionnaire distributed to utility green pricing program managers, can be used by utilities to benchmark the success of their green power programs.

  9. Household Vehicles Energy Use: Latest Data & Trends

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    E : C H R O N O L O G Y O F W O R L D O I L M A R K E T E V E N T S ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATIONHOUSEHOLD VEHICLES ENERGY USE: LATEST DATA & TRENDS 177 APPENDIX E A P P E N D...

  10. INEEL Greenhouse Gas Inventory and Trend Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shropshire, David Earl; Teel, Dale Milton

    2000-02-01

    The objective of the INEEL GHG Inventory and Trend Analysis is to establish INEEL expertise in carbon management decision making and policy analysis. This FY-99 effort is the first step toward placing the INEEL in a leadership role within the DOE laboratories to support carbon management systems and analysis.

  11. TMACS Test Procedure TP002: Trending

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scanlan, P.K.

    1994-05-31

    The TMACS Software Project Test Procedures translate the project`s acceptance criteria into test steps. Software releases are certified when the affected Test Procedures are successfully performed and the customers authorize installation of these changes. This Test Procedure tests the TMACS Trending functions.

  12. TMACS Test Procedure TP002: Trending

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scanlan, P.K.

    1994-08-29

    The TMACS Software Project Test Procedures translate the project`s acceptance criteria into test steps. Software releases are certified when the affected Test Procedures are successfully performed and the customers authorize installation of these changes. This Test Procedure tests the TMACS Trending functions.

  13. Historic Manhattan Project Sites at Los Alamos

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    McGehee, Ellen

    2014-05-22

    The Manhattan Project laboratory constructed at Los Alamos, New Mexico, beginning in 1943, was intended from the start to be temporary and to go up with amazing speed. Because most of those WWII-era facilities were built with minimal materials and so quickly, much of the original infrastructure was torn down in the late '40s and early '50s and replaced by more permanent facilities. However, a few key facilities remained, and are being preserved and maintained for historic significance. Four such sites are visited briefly in this video, taking viewers to V-Site, the buildings where the first nuclear explosive device was pre-assembled in preparation for the Trinity Test in Southern New Mexico. Included is another WWII area, Gun Site. So named because it was the area where scientists and engineers tested the so-called "gun method" of assembling nuclear materials -- the fundamental design of the Little Boy weapon that was eventually dropped on Hiroshima. The video also goes to Pajarito Site, home of the "Slotin Building" and "Pond Cabin." The Slotin Building is the place where scientist Louis Slotin conducted a criticality experiment that went awry in early 1946, leading to his unfortunate death, and the Pond Cabin served the team of eminent scientist Emilio Segre who did early chemistry work on plutonium that ultimately led to the Fat Man weapon.

  14. Historical monthly energy review, 1973--1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-08-01

    The Historical Monthly Energy Review (HMER) presents monthly and annual data from 1973 through 1992 on production, consumption, stocks, imports, exports, and prices of the principal energy commodities in the United States. Also included are data on international production of crude oil, consumption of petroleum products, petroleum stocks, and production of electricity from nuclear-powered facilities. This edition of the HMER extends the original HMER in several ways: (1) Four additional years of monthly data, 1989--1992, have been added. (2) This report fully replaces the earlier one; each data cell that has been revised since the original HMER is marked with an ``R`` so that changes can be quickly noted. (3) Section 1 has been expanded to include Tables 1.7--1.13, which were not available in the first HMER. (4) Tables 3.9 on propane and Table 4.3 on natural gas trade, which have been added to the MER since the release of the first HMER, are included in this edition. In addition, Table 10.4 on nuclear electricity gross generation has been reorganized to align more closely with the current presentation in the MER.

  15. Assessing historical global sulfur emission patterns for the period 1850--1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lefohn, A.S.; Husar, J.D.; Husar, R.B.; Brimblecombe, P.

    1996-07-19

    Anthropogenic sulfur dioxide emissions from energy-producing and metal production activities have become an important factor in better understanding the relationship between humans and the environment. Concerns about (1) acid rain effects on the environment and (2) anthropogenic aerosols affecting possible global change have prompted interest in the transformation and fate of sulfur in the environment. One step in assessing the importance of sulfur emissions is the development of a reliable regional emission inventory of sulfur as a function of time. The objective of this research effort was to create a homogeneous database for historical sulfur emission estimates for the world. The time from 1850--1990 was selected to include the period of industrialization form the time the main production of fuels and minerals began until the most recent year for which complete production data exist. This research effort attempts to correct some of the deficiencies associated with previous global sulfur emission estimates by (1) identifying those production activities that resulted in sulfur emissions by country and (2) calculating historical emission trends by country across years. An important component of this study was the comparison of the sulfur emission results with those of previous studies.

  16. Low-Salinity Waterflooding to Improve Oil Recovery - Historical Field Evidence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eric P. Robertson

    2007-11-01

    Waterflooding is by far the most widely applied method of improved oil recovery. Crude oil/brine/rock interactions can lead to large variations in the displacement efficiency of wa-terfloods. Laboratory water-flood tests and single-well tracer tests have shown that injection of dilute brine can increase oil recovery, but work designed to test the method on a field scale has not yet been undertaken. Historical waterflood records could unintentionally provide some evidence of improved recovery from waterflooding with lower salinity brine. Nu-merous fields in the Powder River basin of Wyoming have been waterflooded using low salinity brine (about 500 ppm) obtained from the Madison limestone or Fox Hills sandstone. Three Minnelusa formation fields in the basin were identified as potential candidates for waterflood comparisons based on the salinity of the connate and injection water. Historical pro-duction and injection data for these fields were obtained from the public record. Field waterflood data were manipulated to be displayed in the same format as laboratory coreflood re-sults. Recovery from fields using lower salinity injection wa-ter was greater than that using higher salinity injection wa-ter—matching recovery trends for laboratory and single-well tests.

  17. Efficient Analysis of Live and Historical Streaming Data and itsApplication to Cybersecurity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reiss, Frederick; Stockinger, Kurt; Wu, Kesheng; Shoshani, Arie; Hellerstein, Joseph M.

    2007-04-06

    Applications that query data streams in order to identifytrends, patterns, or anomalies can often benefit from comparing the livestream data with archived historical stream data. However, searching thishistorical data in real time has been considered so far to beprohibitively expensive. One of the main bottlenecks is the update costsof the indices over the archived data. In this paper, we address thisproblem by using our highly-efficient bitmap indexing technology (calledFastBit) and demonstrate that the index update operations aresufficiently efficient for this bottleneck to be removed. We describe ourprototype system based on the TelegraphCQ streaming query processor andthe FastBit bitmap index. We present a detailed performance evaluation ofour system using a complex query workload for analyzing real networktraffic data. The combined system uses TelegraphCQ to analyze streams oftraffic information and FastBit to correlate current behaviors withhistorical trends. We demonstrate that our system can simultaneouslyanalyze (1) live streams with high data rates and (2) a large repositoryof historical stream data.

  18. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    5, 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Prof. Ke Xu, UC Berkeley Title: Super-Resolution Fluorescence Microscopy: New Biology Revealed by Sub-10 nm Resolution Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room...

  19. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Call for Proposals The Molecular Foundry user program gives researchers access to expertise and equipment for cutting-edge nanoscience in a collaborative, multidisciplinary environment. The program is open to scientists from academia, industry, and research institutes worldwide. Access is obtained through a brief, peer-reviewed proposal with no charge for users who intend to publish their results. There are two calls for standard proposals each year, with deadlines of March 31 and September 30.

  20. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Stanley Love, NASA Title: Molecular Foundry/ALS Joint Seminar: Near-Earth Asteroids: Stepping Stones to an Interplanetary Civilization Location: Building 66 Auditorium Abstract: Most asteroids orbit the Sun beyond the orbit of Mars and never come near the Earth. But ongoing searches are finding thousands of new asteroids whose orbits approach, and sometimes even intersect, that of the Earth. In this presentation, NASA astronaut and planetary scientist Dr. Stan

  1. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    0, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Jennifer Dionne, Stanford University Title: One Photon, Two Photons, Red Photon, Blue photon: Upconverters for Efficient Solar Harvesting and Biological Force Sensing Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Biography: Jen's research develops new nano and optical materials for applications ranging from high-efficiency energy conversion and storage to bioimaging and manipulation. This research has led to demonstration of negative refraction at visible wavelengths, development

  2. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Christopher Dames, UC Berkeley Title: Heat Transfer in Nanomaterials Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Various physical phenomena cause the properties of nanostructures to differ from their bulk counterparts. These phenomena affect how nanostructures transport, store, convert,and dissipate energy. This is important for a broad range of energy applications including thermoelectrics, photovoltaics, hydrogen storage, and thermal management of microelectronics.

  3. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Luis Campos, Columbia University Title: Thiophene Rust in Single-Molecule Electronics and Singlet Fission Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: The combination of Barbarella's pioneering work on thiophene-1,1-dioxide (TDO) coupled with the development of Rozen's reagent has allowed us to engineer materials for organic electronics. The controlled chemical oxidation of thiophene engages the lone- pair electrons in sulfur to bond with oxygen, generating TDO, a

  4. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Paul Voyles, University of Wisconsin-Madison Title: Solving Structurally Complex Materials Using Methods from Image Science and Optimization Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Crystallography offers tremendously powerful approaches based on diffraction for solving structures with translation symmetry and a limited number of degrees of freedom. Nanostructures with a large fraction of surface atoms and glasses have much higher structural complexity - up to 3N

  5. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    18, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Mike Hagan, Brandeis University Title: Unexpected Ordered Phases in Active Matter Systems Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Active matter describes systems whose constituent elements consume energy to generate motion. I will describe computer simulations of two recently developed active matter systems, and unexpected ordered phases that arise as a consequence of activity in these systems. (1) Self-propelled colloids with repulsive interactions and no

  6. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    5, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Ulrike Wegst, Dartmouth College Title: The Science and Art of Freeze Casting: From Ice Crystal Nucleation and Growth to Biomedical and Energy Materials, and Edibles Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Biography: Ulrike Wegst studied physics at the University of Göttingen in Germany and received her Ph.D. in Engineering from the University of Cambridge in 1997 for analysis of the mechanical performance of natural materials. She worked on the CES Eco-Selector software

  7. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    , 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Bryan Huey, University of Connecticut Title: Nanoscale Investigations of Solar Cell Performance Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Biography: Associate Professor Bryan Huey's research group develops and applies novel variations of Atomic Force Microscopy. Research projects include: Tomographic AFM Switching dynamics in ferroelectric and multiferroic materials. Piezoactuation of novel Piezoelectrics. In-situ imaging of Micro-Electro-Mechanical-Systems Nanoscale

  8. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

  9. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    List 3010 INSITU 80+ Reactive Ion Etcher (tool referred to as the RIE by nanofab staff) AAPPTec Apex 396 Peptide Synthesizer AB Sciex TF4800 MALDI-TOF-TOF - Ideal for small molecules and (bio)polymers between 500 and 150,000 Da molecular weights ABM optical contact printer Agilent (Molecular Imaging) PicoPlus Scanning Probe Microscope Agilent 1100 series (ion trap) LC-MS-MS Mass spectrometer Agilent 1100 Series Agilent 1200 nanoHPLC System Agilent 1260 Infinity Agilent analytical HPLC Agilent

  10. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

  11. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Staff Discuss Recent Successes and Future Plans at Scientific Retreat On November 14, all Foundry scientific and technical staff assembled for a full day meeting to review the organization's research themes, identify areas of investment, and discuss strategies to expand the impact of the organization. The event built on recent planning activities such as the creation of the strategic plan and looked forward towards activities such as the DOE Budget Review in February. Research theme discussions

  12. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Foundry Winter Seminar Series Begins February 3 More information, including speaker abstracts can be found here.

  13. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Three Foundry Scientists Receive 2015 Lab Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Awards Director Alivisatos has announced the awards for the FY2015 Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) program. A total of about $24.9 million was allocated for 82 projects from a field of 169 proposals. Of these, 39 are new and 43 are continuation projects. A significant portion of the projects focus on fundamental science and translational research in energy science and technology applications,

  14. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Precision Growth of Light-emitting Nanowires A novel approach to growing nanowires promises a new means of control over their light-emitting and electronic properties. In a recent issue of Nano Letters, scientists from the Molecular Foundry demonstrated a new growth technique that uses specially engineered catalysts. These catalysts, which are precursors to growing the nanowires, have given scientists more options than ever in turning the color of light-emitting nanowires. The new approach could

  15. News Item

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    Bacterial Armor Holds Clues for Self-Assembling Nanostructures Many bacteria and archaea encase themselves within a self-assembling protective shell of S-layer proteins, like chainmail armor. A multidisciplinary team of Molecular Foundry researchers have uncovered key details in this natural process that can be used for the self-assembly of nanomaterials into complex two- and three-dimensional structures. Caroline Ajo-Franklin from the Foundry's Biological Nanostructures Facility led the study

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    Research Could Lead to More Efficient Electrical Energy Storage Working with the Molecular Foundry's David Prendergast, as well as researchers at the Advanced Light Source, users from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have identified electrical charge-induced changes in the structure and bonding of graphitic carbon electrodes that may one day improve the way energy is stored in electrical energy storage systems, such as batteries and supercapacitors. The team developed a new X-ray

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    DOE Deputy Secretary Visits the Molecular Foundry New Deputy Secretary Elizabeth Sherwood-Randall met with Foundry scientists and visited several labs during her visit to LBL on Tuesday, March 24. Sherwood-Randall joined the Department of Energy last October and is responsible for management of the Department and execution of the Administration's highest priority energy initiatives. During her time at the Foundry, she learned about the vital role the Molecular Foundry plays in the discovery and

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    Nanosheets Need Only Water, Sunlight To React Manganese (Mn) oxides are some of the most redox reactive minerals in natural waters, with a strong tendency to grab electrons from organic molecules, thereby breaking down natural organic matter into carbon dioxide. Working at the Molecular Foundry and the ALS, researchers used the ultrafast spectroscopy facilities to develop a new mechanism for the photoreduction of birnessite that considered electronic and structural transitions that occurred on

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    Foundry Spring/Summer Seminar Series Begins May 19

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    Using Robots To Assemble Promising Antimicrobial Compounds There's an urgent demand for new antimicrobial compounds that are effective against constantly emerging drug-resistant bacteria. Two robotic chemical-synthesizing machines, named Symphony X and Overture, have joined the search. Their specialty is creating custom nanoscale structures that mimic nature's proven designs. They're also fast, able to assemble dozens of compounds at a time. The machines are located in a laboratory on the fifth

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    Berkley Lab Profiles the Molecular Foundry's Rita Garcia for Pride Month Rita Garcia considers herself "one of the lucky ones" in that she doesn't have a particularly dramatic coming-out story-at her small, private, liberal arts college it just wasn't a big deal. Still, she marvels at how far social norms have changed since those days. "Since I came out in college, so much has changed," Garcia says. "We are expecting the U.S. Supreme Court to rule by the end of June 2015

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    Most Singular Nano-Imaging Technique A multi-institutional team of researchers working at the Molecular Foundry has developed a new technique called "SINGLE" that provides the first atomic-scale images of colloidal nanoparticles. SINGLE, which stands for 3D Structure Identification of Nanoparticles by Graphene Liquid Cell Electron Microscopy, has been used to separately reconstruct the 3D structures of two individual platinum nanoparticles in solution. "Understanding structural

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    Foundry Research Selected as One of Berkeley Lab's 10 Science Solutions that are "On the Way" Berkeley Lab has updated its "On the Way" list, which showcases ten research projects or technologies that are either starting up, moving along, or getting ready to deliver. The list first rolled out last year, and is intended to highlight how today's science could lead to the solutions and discoveries of tomorrow. This year's edition of the list included the Foundry's Caroline

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    User Work Featured on Cover of Energy & Environmental Science

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    5 Surprising Discoveries about 2D Molybdenum Disulfide Scientists at the Molecular Foundry have used a unique nano-optical probe to study the effects of illumination on two-dimensional semiconductors at the molecular level. The team used the "Campanile" probe they developed to make some surprising discoveries about molybdenum disulfide, a member of a family of semiconductors, called "transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs), whose optoelectronic properties hold great promise for

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    Foundry Fall Seminar Series Begins September 15 More information, including speaker abstracts can be found here.

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    Molecular Foundry User Meeting: A Macroscopic View of Nanoscience A US Department of Energy (DOE) user facility such as the Molecular Foundry provides perhaps one of the best examples of a community in which scientists from a range of disciplines have the opportunity to forge connections. The Foundry's User Meeting, held at Berkeley Lab from August 20-21, offered a glimpse into the diverse fields supported by the facility, and how these fields can converge at the nanoscale. Over 300 present and

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    Defects Through the Looking Glass Observing individual nanoscale defects in bulk insulators, a ubiquitous and essential component to almost all devices, has remained elusive: it's far easier to image the detailed electrical structure of conductors than insulators. Now, researchers at Berkeley Lab using the Molecular Foundry have demonstrated a new method that can be applied to study individual defects in a widely used bulk insulating material, hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN), by employing

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    A Different Type of 2D Semiconductor To the growing list of two-dimensional semiconductors, such as graphene, boron nitride, and molybdenum disulfide, whose unique electronic properties make them potential successors to silicon in future devices, you can now add hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites. However, unlike the other contenders, which are covalent semiconductors, these 2D hybrid perovskites are ionic materials, which gives them special properties of their own. A team of Berkeley Lab

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    Newly Discovered 'Design Rule' Brings Nature-Inspired Nanostructures One Step Closer Scientists aspire to build nanostructures that mimic the complexity and function of nature's proteins, but are made of durable and synthetic materials. These microscopic widgets could be customized into incredibly sensitive chemical detectors or long-lasting catalysts, to name a few possible applications. But as with any craft that requires extreme precision, researchers must first learn how to finesse the

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    Berkeley Lab Awarded $8 Million for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Research With commitments from leading car and stationary-power manufacturers to hydrogen and fuel cell technologies and the first ever fuel cell electric vehicle to go on sale later this year, interest is once again swelling in this carbon-free technology. Now, thanks to several new projects from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Fuel Cell Technologies Office, scientists from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) will

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    PIMs May Be the Cup of Choice for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries Lithium-sulfur batteries, which store electrical energy by transferring electrons to or from a sulfur electrodeare well poised to provide high-density, long-term and low-cost electrochemical energy storage. The potential of lithium-sulfur batteries, has yet to be fully realized, however, due to the uncontrolled migration of soluble sulfur species through the membrane that separates the electrodes. This crossover of polysulfides reduces

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    The Molecular Foundry Goes to Capitol Hill On October 27, Director Jeff Neaton and two Molecular Foundry users led a group to Washington D.C. to educate key members of Congress and staff about advances in nanoscience and the research opportunities presented by user facilities. Ambika Bumb, CEO and Founder of Bikanta, described her company's efforts at the Foundry to synthesize and characterize nanodiamonds for cancer detection. Chris Regan from UCLA spoke about his collaborations with the

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    Battery Mystery Solved: Atomic-Resolution Microscopy Answers Longstanding Questions About Lithium-Rich Cathode Material Using complementary microscopy and spectroscopy techniques, researchers at the Molecular Foundry say they have solved the structure of lithium- and manganese-rich transition metal oxides, a potentially game-changing battery material and the subject of intense debate in the decade since it was discovered. Researchers have been divided into three schools of thought on the

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    Scientist and Two Users Win 2015 R&D 100 Awards Presented by R&D Magazine, the R&D 100 Awards recognize the year's top 100 technology products from industry, academia, and government-sponsored research, ranging from chemistry to materials to biomedical breakthroughs. The Molecular Foundry's Stefano Cabrini, in collaboration with ALS researchers and Foundry users from ABeam Technologies, won for their "Binary Pseudo-Random Calibration Tool." In addition, two Berkeley Lab

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    Staff Discuss Promising Future at All Day Retreat On November 13, Molecular Foundry staff gathered at the UC Berkeley Faculty Club for a full day scientific retreat. The meeting aimed to identify collaborative research opportunities and formulate new initiatives with the goal of expanding the impact of the Foundry's research and the center's ability to facilitate user-driven projects. The morning session was spent discussing the recently launched Theme Postdoc Program. Intended to better

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    Foundry User, X-Therma, Wins Patrick Soon-Shiong Innovation Award Molecular Foundry industrial user, X-Therma, was one of five recipients of the Patrick Soon-Shiong Innovation Award presented by Dr. Patrick Soon-Shiong, the Biotech/Pharma tycoon, and LA Business Journal. The award recognizes five new innovations that will have a significant and wide impact on society and industry. Working with the Foundry's Ron Zuckermann, X-Therma scientists led by Xiaoxi Wei are developing a radical new

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    Spring/Summer Seminar Series Begins May 3 More information, including speaker abstracts can be found here

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    3 Probing carrier dynamics below the surface of solar cells (A) Schematic of the 2P microscope. 2D hyperspectral maps of lifetime were created by moving the laser excitation throughout the sample. (B) Comparison of lifetimes measured with 1P and 2P microscopy. A 10x difference in lifetime is seen between traditional 1P surface measurements and the 2P sub-surface measurements. Below, cross-section depth maps of two-photon TRPL of CdTe: total PL (left); fast (center) and slow (right) lifetime

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    Making Smart Windows Even Smarter Nanocrystals of indium tin oxide (shown here in blue) embedded in a glassy matrix of niobium oxide (green) form a composite material that can switch between NIR-transmitting and NIR-blocking states with a small jolt of electricity. A synergistic interaction in the region where glassy matrix meets nanocrystal increases the potency of the electrochromic effect. Scientific Achievement Researchers have created a thin coating of nanocrystals embedded in glass that

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    3 Self-assembled Single-layer 2D Frameworks In the presence of macrocycle rings, rigid triangular struts are jointed and self-assemble in solution to create a supramolecular organic framework (SOF). Each strut contains functional units that resist stacking and results in single-layer 2D structures. Scientific Achievement Foundry Users have created the first 2D supramolecular organic framework (SOF) with honeycomb periodicity using a novel solution-based self-assembly approach. Significance and

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    Enhancing Thermal Transport of Carbon Nanotubes Organic molecules terminated by amine groups are bound to aluminum or gold surfaces. CNT arrays are treated to generate carboxylate polar groups that covalently bond with these amines, greatly increasing the system's thermal conductivity. This development can lead to practical integration of aligned CNT arrays for thermal management in microelectronic devices, which require more efficient heat transfer. Scientific Achievement In a User project with

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    Optimized Nanocrystals for Single-Molecule Imaging Upconverting lanthanide-doped nanocrystals, with near infrared excitation and visible light emission. Inset: Single-particle comparison of new (yellow circle) and old (blue circle) UCNP compositions, by confocal microscopy. Images were collected at increasing excitation powers, showing new compositions are poor emitters in ensemble imaging conditions but surpass the best previous compositions in single molecule conditions. Scientific Achievement

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    Monolayer Behavior Retained in Bulk Semiconducting Transition Metal Dichalcogenide Comparison of the structure of ReS2 with the conventional structure of sTMDs such as MoS2 from the side (top panels) and top (bottom panels). Scientific Achievement Users at the Molecular Foundry have discovered a new member of the transition metal dichalcogenides (sTMD) family, rhenium disulphide (ReS2), in which the bulk behaves as electronically and vibrationally decoupled monolayers. Significance and Impact

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    Efficient Conversion of Carbon Monoxide to Liquid Fuel Electron microscopy images of copper electrodes at various magnifications. Top row: the copper nanoparticle electrode. Middle and bottom row: OD-Cu electrodes created using two different methods to vary the material properties. Scientific Achievement A multidisciplinary team of users at the National Center for Electron Microscopy (NCEM) created copper-derived electrocatalysts that efficiently produce appreciable amounts of ethanol from

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    Nanocrystal Simulation Verified by the Discovery of Predicted Hydroxyl Ions Calculated atomic structure of a 5 nm diameter nanocrystal passivated with oleate and hydroxyl ligands. Inset: High-resolution TEM images of the synthesized PbS-NC with enlarged views of selected nanocrystals Scientific Achievement A research team that included Molecular Foundry staff recently reported an atomic level simulation of semiconducting nanocrystals that provide a new understanding of the precise atomic

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    Chemically Amplified Molecular Photoresist for High-Resolution Lithography Schematic of photo-catalyzed cross-linking in resist by addition of low and high concentrations of cross-linker. CD-SEM images of negative resists with and without cross-linker. The new resist shows both higher resolution and lower edge roughness. Scientific Achievement Users from Intel collaborated with staff from the Molecular Foundry and the ALS to create a new approach to photoresist that achieves both high-resolution

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    4 Carbon Nanotube Porins Mimic Biological Channels Top: Schematic showing CNT porin preparation and incorporation into liposomes. Bottom: Representative conductance traces for CNT porin incorporation and gating Scientific Achievement Users of the Molecular Foundry have demonstrated that short carbon nanotubes (CNTs) insert into cell membranes and transport molecules like biological membrane channels Significance and Impact The use of CNTs "porins" are a promising biomimetic platform

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    4 Molecular Structure of Water at Gold Electrodes Revealed Schematic of the electrochemical cell - a silicon nitride (Si3N4) membrane separates the liquid from vacuum region of the x-ray source; a 20nm thin-film gold electrode is deposited on liquid side of the membrane. Detection of x-ray absorption is via fluorescence emission on the vacuum side or electron emission at the gold electrode. Scientific Achievement A team utilizing three Berkeley Lab user facilities have developed a method to look

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    Switchable Control of Nanowire Growth SEM images of GaN nanowire arrays illustrating their growth orientations with respect to the GaN crystal structure Scientific Achievement A team of multidisciplinary researchers at the Berkeley Lab's Molecular Foundry used catalyst composition to control the crystallographic growth of GaN nanowires Significance and Impact Manipulating GaN nanostructures offers the ability to custom design bulk material properties in unique ways, potentially leading to new

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    Enhanced Water Vapor Blocking for Solar Cells Illustration of self-assembling organic-inorganic composite material blocking water vapor transmission while remaining optically transparent, as shown in the lower image. Scientific Achievement Working through DOE's Bay Area Photovoltaic Consortium, researchers at the Molecular Foundry created an optically transparent composite that improves water vapor blocking by 3000 times. Significance and Impact Corrosion of solar cell electrical contacts by

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    Mapping Temperature at the Nanoscale A beam of electrons probes an electric circuit and tracks where heat is produced and how it dissipates with nanometer accuracy. Scientific Achievement A team of users and staff working at the Molecular Foundry have created a thermal imaging technique that can "see" how temperature changes from point to point inside the smallest electronic circuits. Significance and Impact Modern microelectronic circuits contain billions of nanometer-scale

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    Viable Single-Molecule Diodes Scientific Achievement Benefiting from the Molecular Foundry's expertise in the theory of molecular scale transport, Foundry users have designed a new technique to create single-molecule diodes that perform 50 times better than all prior designs. Significance and Impact Individual molecules represent the gold standard for electronics miniaturization, which leads to improved performance, greater utility and lower costs. Research Details A diode is a fundamental

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    Non-invasive Nano-scale Imaging CLAIRE imaging chip consists of a YAlO3:Ce scintillator film supported by LaAlO3 and SrTiO3 buffer layers and a Si frame. Al nanostructures embedded in SiO2 are positioned below and directly against the scintillator film. ProTEK B3 serves as a protective layer for etching. Scientific Achievement Using the Molecular Foundry's imaging capabilities, users have developed a technique, called 'CLAIRE', that allows the resolution of electron microscopy to be used for

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    New Technique for Imaging Surface and Bulk Atoms Scientific Achievement A team of users and staff at the Molecular Foundry developed a new analytic technique able to image the atoms that make up a material's surface at the same time as those in the bulk. Significance and Impact The atomic structure of a surface is often very different from the bulk material, and controls the majority of chemical properties at the nanoscale including catalysis and corrosion. Research Details Scanning electron

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    Evaluating Electronic Structure in Aluminum Molecules and Materials Scientific Achievement Research at UC Berkeley and LBNL has addressed challenges in the measurement and interpretation of aluminum K-edge XAS, and shown that it provides new insight into structure-reactivity relationships. Significance and Impact Aluminum molecules, materials, and alloys are essential components in many emerging processes for energy generation, conversion, and storage. This synthetic, spectroscopic, and

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    3D Structure of Inorganic Nanocrystals in Solution by Transmission Electron Microscopy Scientific Achievement Measured the locations of all of the atoms in colloidal nanocrystals for the first time, with resolution of 2.15 Å. Significance and Impact Nanocrystals are a fundamental building block of nanoscience, yet until now we have only known the average positions of atom within them. This will enable scientists to control nanocrystals which are used in solar cells, batteries, displays,

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    Understanding and Predicting Self-Assembly Scientific Achievement Molecular Foundry staff worked with users to discover a new design rule that controls the way in which polymers adjoin to form the backbones that run the length of biomimetic nanosheets. Significance and Impact Understanding the rules that govern self-assembly could be used to piece together complex nanosheet structures and other peptoid assemblies such as nanotubes and crystalline solids. Research Details Scientists aspire to

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    Controlled Porous Membranes for Better Batteries Scientific Achievement Molecular Foundry staff and users have combined to develop membranes for lithium-sulfur batteries made from polymers of intrinsic microporosity (PIMs) that are 500 times more effective than conventional membranes. Significance and Impact Lithium-sulfur batteries are well poised to provide high-density, long-term and low-cost electrochemical energy storage but current designs have limited efficiency and lifetimes due to the

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    any etching steps. The method combines the advantages of top-down (NIL) and bottom-up (sol-gel chemistry) approaches. After annealing at high temperatures, the photonic...

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    for general use - 30 Gatan 652-Ta double tilt heating holder 23C-1000C 3030 Gatan 636-DH low background liquid nitrogen cooling holder -170C 23C 3030...

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    Facility at Berkeley Lab's Molecular Foundry; Dr. Adam Rondinone, Task Leader for Catalysis and Industrial Liaison at Oak Ridge National Lab's Center for Nanophase Materials...

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    Scientists measure speedy electrons in silicon An international team of physicists and chemists has, for the first time, taken snapshots of band-gap jumping electrons in silicon...

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    Beyond fluorescence. Nature 467, 407-408. 3. Ostrowski, A.D., Chan, E.M., Gargas, D.J., Katz, E.M., Han, G., Schuck, P.J., Milliron, D.J., & Cohen, B.E. (2012) Controlled synthesis...

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    They are generally strong light absorbers and have potential applications in solar energy harvesting. My research group is focused on the relationships between photophysics and ...

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    Enhanced CO2 Capture in Metal-Organic Frameworks CO2 binding in BTT-type metal-organic framework: the highly porous MOF structure and, inset, detail of the CO2 binding site ...

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    The research team focused on creating a new metal-organic framework (MOF) that serves as a catalyst able to selectively turn them into alcohols, like ethanol, which is much easier ...

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    Computational Design of a New MOF for N2CH4 Separations An open vanadium(II) site incorporated into a metal-organic framework is predicted to lead to a considerably higher ...

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    An Inside Look at MOFs A unique inside look at the electronic structure of a highly touted metal-organic framework (MOF) as it is adsorbing carbon dioxide gas should help in the ...

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    of Individual Atoms Scientific Achievement Using the Molecular Foundry's TEAM I microscope, an international collaboration of users and staff measured the 3D coordinates of...

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    be. Now, users from UCLA have partnered with Molecular Foundry staff to use the TEAM microscope to image the three-dimensional positions of individual atoms to a precision of 19...

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    Milliron wins ARPA-E Grant Awards to Advance Energy Efficiency and Storage In the recently ... of the Molecular Foundry received a grant of 3 million for her work on smart window ...

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    Two Small Business Users Awarded ARPA-E Funding Part of Cyclotron Road at Berkeley Lab, ... awarded a total of 125 million by DOE's ARPA-E. Spark Thermionics, led by Dan Riley and ...

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    is happening. Deirdre Olynick -- staff scientist at the Molecular Foundry Dula Parkinson -- beamline scientist at the Advanced Light Source Jim Ciston -- senior staff...

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    projects; working with scientific staff to reach out to and grow new diverse, engaged and productive User communities; liaising with User Executive Committee leadership; and...

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    Since a diode acts as an electricity valve, its structure needs to be asymmetric so that electricity flowing in one direction experiences a different environment than electricity ...

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    relax. Materials Science Division researcher Haimei Zheng, the Molecular Foundry's Stephen Whitelam, and colleagues have imaged iron-platinum nanoparticle forming from...

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    Steve Chu, as well as Chris Murray from the University of Pennsylvania and David B. Williams from The Ohio State University who both gave keynote talks. The meeting also featured...

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    microscopy for decades, well known for their advancements in materials science, electron detector development and structural biology respectively, making the Lab a global center...

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    flexible, scaled, physical model of a polypeptide chain, which accurately reproduces the bond rotational degrees of freedom in the peptide backbone. Significance and Impact The...

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    The central nervous system relies on electrical signals traveling along neurons and ... Recent structural and biophysical studies of the protein machinery for synaptic vesicle ...

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    "This ARPA-E award is an enormous opportunity for Alveo." says Colin Wessells, CEO and lead researcher for Alveo Energy. "It will allow us to rapidly push our battery technology ...

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    19, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Michael Hecht, Princeton University Title: Sustaining Life with Genes and Proteins Designed De Novo Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Bio: Michael Hecht was born and grew up in midtown Manhattan. He received his BA in Chemistry from Cornell University, where he did undergraduate research on protein folding with Prof. Harold Scheraga. He completed his Ph.D. in Biology at MIT, where he received the first Ph.D. from Prof. Bob Sauer's lab, and did research on protein

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    26, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Igal Brener, Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies (CINT), Sandia-Los Alamos National Laboratories Title: Active Dielectric and Metallic Metasurfaces: Strong Coupling, Tuning and Nonlinearities Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Metasurfaces (2D arrays of metamaterial resonators) can be designed to exhibit strong electromagnetic resonances that can couple efficiently to emitters and a variety of excitations in semiconductors and their heterostructures. For

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    , 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Sarah Burke, University of British Columbia Title: Electronic Landscapes of Molecular Nanostructures: Mapping States for Charge Transfer with Pixel-by-Pixel Scanning Tunnelling Spectroscopy Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Bio: My research career has centred around the use of Scanning Probe Microscopy techniques to learn about materials from a nanoscale view. My early research opportunities as an undergraduate at Dalhousie University exposed me to UHV STM manipulation

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    9, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Oleg Prezhdo, USC Title: Quantum Dots - Artificial Atoms, Large Molecules or Small Pieces of Bulk? Insights from Time-Domain Ab Initio Studies Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Quantum dots (QD) are quasi-zero dimensional structures with a unique combination of solid-state and atom-like properties. Unlike bulk or molecular materials, QD properties can be modified continuously by changing QD shape and size. Often, the bulk and molecular viewpoints contradict

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    , 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Will Dichtel, Cornell University Title: Noncovalent Binding and Dynamic Bonding in Crosslinked Polymer Networks Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Crosslinked polymers with permanent porosity provide empty spaces that facilitate valuable functions, including host-guest chemistry. For example, insoluble polymers of β-cyclodextrin (β-CD), an inexpensive, sustainably produced macrocycle of glucose, are of interest to remove micropollutants from water by means

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    , 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Jean-Luc Bredas, KAUST Title: On the Nature of Polymer/Fullerene Intermolecular Interactions and their Impact on the Performance of Organic Solar Cells Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: In this presentation, we seek to provide a rationalization of the impact that inter-molecular arrangements and interactions at the polymer/fullerene interfaces have on the performance of bulk-heterojunction solar cells. We discuss the results of combined electronic-structure

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    0, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Frank van Veggel, University of Victoria Title: On the Optical and Magnetic Properties of Ln3+ Based Nanoparticles for Bio-Imaging Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: One of our main research thrusts in the field of colloidal nanomaterials and their applications is based on the trivalent lanthanide ions, which have unique optical and magnetic properties. We cover the range from synthesis and characterisation to (in vivo) applications, with a recent focus on

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    7, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Christopher Kemper Ober, Cornell University Title: Molecular Foundry/ALS Joint Seminar: Fifty Years of Moore's Law - Towards Fabrication at Molecular Dimensions Location: Building 66 Auditorium Abstract: In the last half century, critical dimensions in electronic devices have been reduced from micrometers to a few tens of nanometers on a pace that has been consistent for decades. Lithography now touches many areas of science ranging from electronics to biology and

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    4, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Ondrej Krivanek, Nion Title: Atomic-Resolution and Vibrational Studies of Materials by Aberration-Corrected Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopes (AC-STEMs) are able to form electron probes as small as 0.5 Å in diameter, and they can image and spectroscopically analyze single atoms in-situ. NCEM and Nion have pioneered many of these advances. Nion's main

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    1, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Donglin Jiang, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology Title: Covalent Organic Frameworks: Opportunities and Challenges Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Two-dimensional covalent polymers and organic frameworks are a class of crystalline polymers that enable the incorporation of organic building blocks into periodically aligned primary and high-order structures. In recent years, we have explored the design principle, synthetic reactions,

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    June 9, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Ozgur Sahin, Columbia University Title: Microbe-Powered Machines: Harnessing Water Confinement in Biological Nanostructures Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Plants and many other biological organisms have developed structures that are extraordinarily effective in harnessing spatial and temporal changes in relative humidity to actuate structural changes. It is surprising that structures and devices made by humans rarely, if ever, take advantage of this

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    4, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Anne Milasincic Andrews, UCLA Title: Chemical Neurotransmission and Functional Nanomaterials Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Numerous small molecules including amino acids, amino acid derivatives, and peptides have been identified as chemical neurotransmitters. Neuronal cells using different neurotransmitters have spatially distinct patterns that translate into highly heterogeneous chemistries in brain extracellular microenvironments. Accordingly,

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    8, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Mike Mills, The Ohio State University Title: Revealing the Mechanisms of Deformation in Structural Materials Using Advanced Characterization Techniques Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: The international initiative on Integrated Computational Materials Engineering holds great promise for accelerating the insertion of new materials in high performance structural applications. Achieving this aim relies upon the fidelity of materials models and their ability to

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    Updated Strategic Plan Available The Molecular Foundry's five-year strategic plan has been updated to reflect recent hires, acquisitions and programs. The plan is designed to provide a framework that guides Foundry-wide initiatives and priorities. The new plan builds off of the thorough planning activities of 2014 and now includes updates that reflect continuous dialogue with each of our many stakeholder groups, as well as planning activities such as the Foundry's Scientific Retreat (November

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    User Advocates for a New Era of Federal Funding for Nanoscience Ambika Bumb, CEO of Bikanta, published an Op-Ed in TechCrunch describing the benefits of federal investments in basic nanoscience research like those that support the Molecular Foundry. Dr. Bumb and her colleagues have used the Foundry to make and characterize her company's unique nanodiamonds for cancer detection and treatment. In her article, she takes a personal and national look at the technical and economic benefits tied to the

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    2D Islands in Graphene Hold Promise for Future Device Fabrication In what could prove to be a significant advance in the fabrication of graphene-based nanodevices, a team of Molecular Foundry users has discovered a new mechanism for assembling two-dimensional (2D) molecular "islands" that could be used to modify graphene at the nanometer scale. Graphene is a sheet of pure carbon just one atom thick through which electrons speed 100 times faster than they move through silicon. Graphene

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    Winter Seminar Series Begins January 19 More information, including speaker abstracts can be found here

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    Research Team Creates a High-efficiency Solar Cell in 7 Steps An international team of researchers working at the Molecular Foundry has simplified the steps to create highly efficient silicon solar cells by applying a new mix of materials to a standard design. Arrays of solar cells are used in solar panels to convert sunlight to electricity. The special blend of materials-which could also prove useful in semiconductor components-eliminates the need for a process known as doping that steers the

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    Molecular Foundry and ALS Users, aBeam Technologies, Make Metrology History Through a collaboration with two Berkeley Lab user facilities - the Molecular Foundry and ALS - as well as two other national labs, a small Bay Area company has made big news in the semiconductor world. Modern electronics are getting smaller and smaller, which means the demands on semiconductor manufacturers are increasing. To ensure the quality and consistency of substrates, wafer manufacturers employ metrology tools to

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    Polar Vortices Observed in Ferroelectric The observation in a ferroelectric material of "polar vortices" that appear to be the electrical cousins of magnetic skyrmions holds intriguing possibilities for advanced electronic devices. These polar vortices, which were theoretically predicted more than a decade ago, could also "rewrite our basic understanding of ferroelectrics" according to the researchers who observed them. A team of Molecular Foundry users and staff have

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    Spectroscopy of Supercapacitor Electrodes In Operando Future technology will require energy storage systems that have much larger storage capability, rapid charge/discharge cycling, and improved endurance. Progress in these areas demands a more complete understanding of the processes involved in energy storage, from the atomic scale to the device level. Now, using soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) under operating conditions ("in operando"), users of the Molecular Foundry, ALS

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    6 'Lasers Rewired': Scientists Find a New Way to Make Nanowire Lasers Molecular Foundry users have found a simple new way to produce nanoscale wires that can serve as tiny, tunable lasers. The nanowires, with diameters as small as 200 nanometers and a blend of materials that has also proven effective in next-generation solar cell designs, were shown to produce very bright, stable laser light. Researchers say the excellent performance of these tiny lasers is promising for the field of

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    Foundry Users Developing Paint-on Coating for Energy Efficient Windows It's estimated that 10 percent of all the energy used in buildings in the U.S. can be attributed to window performance, costing building owners about $50 billion annually, yet the high cost of replacing windows or retrofitting them with an energy efficient coating is a major deterrent. Users at the Molecular Foundry are seeking to address this problem with creative chemistry-a polymer heat-reflective coating that can be

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    Modernizing a Technology From the Vacuum Tube Era To Generate Cheap Power Foundry users Daniel Riley and Jared Schwede hope to take thermionics, an all-but-forgotten technology, and develop it into a clean, compact, and efficient source of power. Working with Molecular Foundry staff scientist, Andreas Schmid, would allow their research to take a big shortcut, providing them with unprecedented insight into the inner workings of thermionic devices. "It turns out, by almost fortuitous

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    Form of Electron-beam Imaging Can See Elements that are 'Invisible' to Common Methods Electrons can extend our view of microscopic objects well beyond what's possible with visible light, all the way to the atomic scale. A popular method in electron microscopy for looking at tough, resilient materials in atomic detail is called STEM, or scanning transmission electron microscopy, but the highly focused beam of electrons used in STEM can also easily destroy delicate samples. To address this

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    Mr. Espresso Visits the Molecular Foundry It could be said that a lot of the research that is done at the Molecular Foundry is fueled by coffee, and for connoisseurs, you can't do much better on the hill than the second floor's coffee club run by Nanofabrication Facility Director Stefano Cabrini. On February 16, Carlo Di Ruocco, the Founder and CEO of the coffee maker company, Mr. Espresso, visited the Foundry's coffee club to discuss the art of brewing the perfect cup of espresso. During this

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    Experiment shows magnetic chips could dramatically increase computing's energy efficiency In a breakthrough for energy-efficient computing, engineers using the Molecular Foundry have shown for the first time that magnetic chips can operate with the lowest fundamental level of energy dissipation possible under the laws of thermodynamics. The findings mean that dramatic reductions in power consumption are possible-as much as one-millionth the amount of energy per operation used by transistors in

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    Fuel Cell Design Powered by Graphene-wrapped Nanocrystals Hydrogen is the lightest and most plentiful element on Earth and in our universe. So it shouldn't be a big surprise that scientists are pursuing hydrogen as a clean, carbon-free, virtually limitless energy source for cars and for a range of other uses, from portable generators to telecommunications towers-with water as the only byproduct of combustion. While there remain scientific challenges to making hydrogen-based energy sources more

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    Carbon Capture Membrane Boasts CO2 Highways A new, highly permeable carbon capture membrane developed by scientists at the Molecular Foundry could lead to more efficient ways of separating carbon dioxide from power plant exhaust, preventing the greenhouse gas from entering the atmosphere and contributing to climate change. The researchers focused on a hybrid membrane that is part polymer and part metal-organic framework, which is a porous three-dimensional crystal with a large internal surface

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    Nature-Inspired Nanotubes That Assemble Themselves, With Precision When it comes to the various nanowidgets scientists are developing, nanotubes are especially intriguing. That's because hollow tubes that have diameters of only a few billionths of a meter have the potential to be incredibly useful, from delivering cancer-fighting drugs inside cells to desalinating seawater. But building nanostructures is difficult. And creating a large quantity of nanostructures with the same trait, such as

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    Revealing the Fluctuations of Flexible DNA in 3D An international team of staff and users working at the Molecular Foundry has captured the first high-resolution 3D images from individual double-helix DNA segments attached at either end to gold nanoparticles. The images detail the flexible structure of the DNA segments, which appear as nanoscale jump ropes. This unique imaging capability developed at the Foundry is called individual-particle electron tomography (IPET) and could aid in the use of

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    Porous Framework Electrocatalysts Are Key to Carbon Dioxide Conversion The burning of fossil fuels and the consequent rising levels of atmospheric CO-2 has led to a number of negative environmental consequences, including global warming and ocean acidification. Converting CO2 to fuels or chemical feedstock, ideally through the use of renewable energy, can simultaneously reduce atmospheric CO2 and decrease fossil fuel consumption. The principal difficulty in this process is that earth-abundant

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    6 Carbon Nanotubes Move into the Fast Lane Building off of their previous work demonstrating that short carbon nanotubes can make excellent artificial pores within cell membranes, Molecular Foundry users have now shown that carbon nanotubes can transport protons faster than bulk water, by an order of magnitude. What's more, the transport rates in these nanotube pores, which form one-dimensional water wires, also exceed those of biological channels and man-made proton conductors, making carbon

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    Seeing Atoms and Molecules in Action with an Electron 'Eye' A unique rapid-fire electron source-originally built as a prototype for driving next-generation X-ray lasers-will help scientists at Berkeley Lab study ultrafast chemical processes and changes in materials at the atomic scale. This could provide new insight in how to make materials with custom, controllable properties and improve the efficiency and output of chemical reactions. This newly launched setup, dubbed HiRES (for High

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    The Foundry's Jim Ciston Wins DOE Early Career Award Molecular Foundry staff scientist, Jim Ciston, was selected by DOE to receive the prestigious Early Career Research Program award, which supports the development of individual research programs of outstanding scientists early in their careers and stimulates research careers in the disciplines supported by the DOE Office of Science. In 2016, 49 awards were made from 720 proposals. "We invest in promising young researchers early in their

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    and ALS Hire Joint Project Scientist Mike Brady has recently been appointed to the role as a joint Molecular Foundry/ALS project scientist following the departure of Elaine Chan. Mike's mission will focus on (1) fostering user collaboration and displaying the novel Foundry-ALS working mode that uniquely enables iterative materials discovery research, and on (2) team-based, soft matter research that links molecular structure and function in biomimetic and biopolymer coatings, polymer-inorganic

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    Molecular Foundry Scientists Discover Surprising New Properties in a 2-D Semiconductor In the world of semiconductors, impurities and defects can be a good thing. They modify the properties of materials such as silicon, and scientists can exploit these properties to develop better transistors for laptops, smart phones, and solar cells. Recently, a new class of semiconductor was discovered that is only three atoms thick and which extends in a two-dimensional plane, similar to graphene. These 2-D

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    New Chemical 'Sponges' Designed to Soak Up Toxic Cancer-fighting Drugs After Targeting Tumors Doctors have a powerful arsenal of cancer-fighting chemotherapy drugs to choose from, though a key challenge is to better target these drugs to kill tumors while limiting their potentially harmful side effects. Users of the Molecular Foundry, who also use the ALS, are helping to develop and test materials for a new device that can be inserted via a tiny tube into a vein and soak up most of these drugs

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    Saudi Minister of Energy Visits Molecular Foundry Khalid Al-Falih (left), Saudi Minister of Energy, Industry and Mineral Resources and the Chairman of Aramco Board of Directors toured the Molecular Foundry (pictured), the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis, the Joint Center for Energy Storage Research, and FLEXLAB. DOE Under Secretary for Science and Energy Lynn Orr accompanied Minister Al-Falih during the visit

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    Scientists See Electron Bottleneck in Simulated Battery An international team of scientists working at the Molecular Foundry has revealed how interactions between electrons and ions can slow down the performance of a material considered key to the next generation of batteries. As the appetite grows for more efficient vehicles and mobile devices based on cleaner, renewable energy sources, so does the demand for equally efficient, lightweight and energy-dense batteries that pack more punch, last

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    Discovery Could Dramatically Boost Efficiency of Perovskite Solar Cells A multidisciplinary team of staff and users at the Molecular Foundry have discovered a possible secret to dramatically boosting the efficiency of perovskite solar cells hidden in the nanoscale peaks and valleys of the crystalline material. Solar cells made from compounds that have the crystal structure of the mineral perovskite have captured scientists' imaginations. They're inexpensive and easy to fabricate, like organic

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    New Discovery By Foundry Users Could Better Predict How Semiconductors Weather Abuse Mimicking nature is not easy, but new insights by researchers at JCAP, partially through a user project at the Molecular Foundry, could help create a viable artificial system of photosynthesis. One of the major challenges for scientists working to create systems that efficiently convert sunlight, water and carbon dioxide into fuel is finding materials that can do the work while also surviving the corrosive

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    Foundry Users Create 'Second Skin' for Protection from Biological and Chemical Agents A team of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists working at Berkeley Lab's Molecular Foundry and ALS has created a material that is highly breathable yet protective from potential warfare agents. Shadowbox: A team of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists working at Berkeley Lab's Molecular Foundry and ALS has created a material that is highly breathable yet protective from potential

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    A New Way to Display the 3-D Structure of Molecules Users of the Molecular Foundry have created a sort of nanoscale display case that enables new atomic-scale views of hard-to-study chemical and biological samples. Their work could help to reveal new structural details for a range of challenging molecules-including complex chemical compounds and potentially new drugs-by stabilizing them inside sturdy structures known as metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). The researchers introduced a series of

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    Energy Department to Invest $16 Million in Computer Design of Materials The U.S. Department of Energy announced on August 16 that it will invest $16 million over the next four years to accelerate the design of new materials through use of supercomputers. Two four-year projects-one team led by Berkeley Lab, including the Foundry's Jeff Neaton, the other team led by DOE's Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)-will leverage the labs' expertise in materials and take advantage of superfast computers

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    Maker Movement Turns Scientists into Tinkerers Researchers in growing numbers are starting to enlist do-it-yourself 3-D printers, cheap electronics, sensors and more to advance their work. Over at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, nanobiochemist Ronald Zuckermann prints flexible 3-D plastic models of peptide-like polymers to study how they fold into stable structures. The shape and dynamics of the polymer chain dictate its properties for medical use. "The understanding I have

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    Five Nanoscience Research Projects That Could Deliver Big Results Berkeley Lab researchers are on the cutting edge of nanoscience. In a list of five high-impact nanoscience projects identified by Berkeley Lab, four came from work at the Molecular Foundry. This list ended with a video produced by the Molecular Foundry that was recently highlighted on the Department of Energy's website. The Berkeley Lab list of five nanoscience research projects that could deliver big results can be found here.

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    Subatomic Microscopy Key to Building New Classes of Materials Molecular Foundry users from Penn State University and Cornell University have worked with staff to describe the first atomic scale evidence for strain-induced ferroelectricity in a layered oxide. Pushing the limits of electron microscopy into the tens of picometer scale, the team has developed the ability to see at this subatomic level, which is crucial for designing new materials with unprecedented properties. Designing new

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    Molecular Foundry User Featured in MIT's Technology Review In its annual celebration of young innovators, MIT Technology Review recognized Opus 12 co-founder Kendra Kuhl for her work on designing a reactor that will convert the carbon dioxide emitted by power plants into useful chemicals. Opus 12 is a project of Cyclotron Road, an incubator for energy technologies at Berkeley Lab, and a user of the Molecular Foundry

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    6 Foundry Fall Seminar Series Begins September 13 More information, including speaker abstracts can be found here

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    Highest Resolution Calibration Tool Created Scientific Achievement Industrial users at the Molecular Foundry have created the highest resolution calibration tool with feature sizes of 1.5 nanometers, a breakthrough that won an R&D100 Award. Significance and Impact Metrology tools are used to characterize advanced imaging systems from interferometers to electron microscopes. Research Details To ensure the quality and consistency of substrates, wafer manufacturers in the semiconductor industry

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    Molecular Self-Assembly in a Poorly Screened Environment: F4TCNQ on Graphene/BN (a) Chemical structure of F4TCNQ molecule. (b) STM and (c) nc-AFM images of a 2D F4TCNQ island on graphene/BN. Image resolves individual chemical bonds within the F4TCNQ molecules and shows that molecules within the island lie flat on the surface in a close-packed rectangular lattice. Scientific Achievement Using the Molecular Foundry, researchers show that charged molecules that would normally repel one another have

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    Lasing in Robust Cesium Lead Halide Perovskite Nanowires Power-dependent emission spectra from a CsPbBr3 nanowire. Narrow emission peaks at approximately 530 nm are indicative of lasing. Inset: A CsPbBr3 nanowire excited past the lasing threshold by a femtosecond pulsed laser. Scientific Achievement Molecular Foundry users achieve stable, high performance lasing in perovskite-based cesium lead halide nanowires (NWs). Significance and Impact These NW lasers demonstrate improved stability compared

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    Self-photosensitization of Nonphotosynthetic Bacteria for Solar-to-Chemical Production M. thermoacetica-CdS hybrids are formed by the one-pot growth and biological precipitation of CdS nanoparticles which serve as light absorbers for photosynthesis. Scientific Achievement Molecular Foundry users induced the nonphotosynthetic, CO2 reducing bacterium M. thermoacetica to precipitate cadmium sulfide nanoparticles which serve as light harvesters to enable photosynthetic production of acetic acid.

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    Direct growth of single crystalline III-V semiconductors on amorphous substrates SEM image of a single-crystalline Cal logo (top) along with a corresponding electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) map showing the single crystal nature of the Cal logo (bottom) directly grown on amorphous SiO2 substrate. Scientific Achievement Molecular Foundry users worked with staff to develop a new growth method, templated liquid phase (TLP) crystal growth, for growing patterned single crystalline III-V's on

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    Efficient silicon solar cells with dopant-free asymmetric heterocontacts Light JV characteristic and schematic of the dopant-free asymmetric heterocontact (DASH) silicon solar cell showing a conversion efficiency of 19.4%, with a high Voc above 710 mV, has been achieved at the proof-of-concept stage. TCO refers to a Transparent Conductive Oxide stack. Scientific Achievement Demonstration of efficient crystalline silicon solar cells by Molecular Foundry users and staff without the use of

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    Modular Design of Ordered Polymer-Nanoparticle Composites (a) Schematic illustration of nanocrystals end-grafted with polymer brushes. (b) Scaling relations of ligand shell thickness and ligand volume fraction as a function of polymer molecular weight. (c) Schematic and (d) TEM image of AB-type binary superlattices. Scientific Achievement Molecular Foundry staff and users create a diverse array of self-assembled binary superlattices using polymer-grafted nanocrystals as the colloidal building

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    Imaging Technique Able to See Elements that are 'Invisible' to Common Methods Scientific Achievement Molecular Foundry scientists have developed a new imaging technique that greatly improves images of light elements using fewer electrons. Significance and Impact The MIDI-STEM method may prove to solve the challenge of seeing structures with a mixture of heavy and light elements in close proximity, thereby allowing high resolution electron microscopy to be used on a broader set of hybrid

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    Revealing the Fluctuations of Flexible DNA in 3D Scientific Achievement An international team of staff and users working at the Molecular Foundry has captured the first high-resolution 3D images from individual double-helix DNA segments attached at either end to gold nanoparticles Significance and Impact This unique imaging capability should lead to better understanding of disease-relevant proteins and the assembly process that forms DNA. It could also aid in the use of DNA segments as

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    Electron Microscopy Discovers Peptoid Crystalline Nanotubes (a) Cryogenic electron micrographs of crystalline peptoid nanotubes in water, revealing stripes spaced 2.4 nm apart. (b) Molecular model showing how the peptoid chains act as molecular tile units that form crystalline, brick-like lattices that roll into nanotubes, and expose both hydrophobic and hydrophilic groups to water. Scientific Achievement Electron micrographs of amphiphilic peptoids in water reveal crystalline nanotubes with

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    Carbon Capture Membrane Creates CO2 Highways Scientific Achievement Molecular Foundry scientists, working with the ALS, have developed a hybrid polymer-MOF membrane that is eight times more CO2 permeable than membranes composed only of the polymer. Significance and Impact This new, highly permeable carbon capture membrane could lead to more efficient ways of separating carbon dioxide from power plant exhaust, preventing the greenhouse gas from entering the atmosphere. Research Details The hybrid

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    Fuel Cell Design Powered by Graphene-wrapped Nanocrystals Scientific Achievement Researchers at the Molecular Foundry have partnered with the ALS to develop a new material recipe for a battery-like hydrogen fuel cell. Significance and Impact Hydrogen has the potential to be a clean, carbon-free, virtually limitless energy source. This hybrid technology allows for very compact and safe storage of hydrogen, while offering fast fueling times. Research Details Hydrogen is the lightest and most

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    Boosted Efficiency of Perovskite Solar Cells to 31 Percent Scientific Achievement A multidisciplinary team of staff and users at the Molecular Foundry are now able to differentiate high performing areas on perovskite solar cells that approach the material's theoretical energy conversion limit of 31% Significance and Impact These top-performing facets could hold the secret to highly efficient perovskite solar cells if the material can be synthesized so that only very efficient facets develop.

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    Properties Discovered in a 2-D Semiconductor Scientific Achievement Scientists at the Molecular Foundry, in collaboration with researchers at the ALS, have found that linear defects in Transition Metal Dichalcogenides (TMDs) create one-atom thick metallic wires that cross the otherwise intact semiconductor. Significance and Impact TMDs have exceptional optical characteristics. They can be developed into ultra-sensitive photo detectors, and a single TMD layer emits as much light as a 3-D TMD

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    Observation of Polarization Vortices in Complex Oxide Superlattices Polarization Vortices observed in (PbTiO3)10/(SrTiO3)10 Superlattice via High-Resolution STEM (The figure is an overlay of local polarization vectors, indicated by yellow arrows, on an atomic-resolution STEM image) Scientific Achievement Identified the existence of non-uniform polarization vortex states in a ferroelectric material Significance and Impact Topology of such non-uniform polarization fields, will act as a precursor

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    Scientists See Electron Bottleneck in Simulated Battery Scientific Achievement An international team of scientists working at the Molecular Foundry has revealed how interactions between electrons and ions can slow down the performance of electrodes made with the compound vanadium pentoxide. Significance and Impact Vanadium pentoxide's layered atomic structure results in a vast surface area that may lead to batteries that pack more punch, last longer and charge or discharge more quickly. Research

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    properties between conducting (for applications in solar cells) and light-emitting (LEDs, lasers) simply by changing the interparticle distance in the matrix. This approach is...

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    3, 2015 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: David Norris, ETH Zurich Title: Quantum-Dot Plasmonics Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Quantum optics involves the coupling of quantum ...

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    Hot carriers are electrical charge carriers - electrons and holes - with significantly higher energy than charge carriers at thermal equilibrium. Since hot carrier thermalization ...

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    Foundry Title: Nanoscale Perspectives on Organic Energy Materials from Ab Initio Quantum Mechanics Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: New materials, architectures,...

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    Cs (Spherical aberration) 2.2 mm Cc (Chromatic aberration) 2.2 mm Specimen Stage Double tilt holder angle 70 deg 30 deg Cryo double tilt holder angle 49 deg 30 deg...

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    wide gap 2.1 Point-to-point resolution, narrow gap 1.7 Specimen Stages Single-tilt heating to 1300 C 40 Double-tilt heating to 1000C 4040 Single-tilt...

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    at the Theater' event featured eight researchers, each give 8 minutes to present a "big idea." Ron Zuckermann, from the Molecular Foundry, spoke about his work with synthetic...

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    Following the merge of the Molecular Foundry and the National Center for Electron Microscopy (NCEM) at the start of FY 2015, a new logo has been created to represent the newly ...

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    are reviewed by an external board of subject-matter experts for scientific merit and feasibility. Successful proposals can be started at any time and last for a maximum of one...

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    New measures adopted in 2013 by the San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District aim to target particulate sources for mitigation that present the highest health risk to area ...

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    sons and daughters aged 9-16. As part of this event, Molecular Foundry and Materials Sciences Division volunteers helped children build a 20 foot carbon nanotube balloon model....

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    from industry, academia, and government-sponsored research, ranging from chemistry to materials to biomedical breakthroughs. Of the record eight awards that recognized Berkeley Lab...