National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for item control number

  1. Item Management Control System

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    1993-08-06

    The Item Management Control System (IMCS) has been developed at Idaho National Engineering Laboratory to assist in organizing collections of documents using an IBM-PC or similar DOS system platform.

  2. Control of Suspect/Counterfeit and Defective Items

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sheriff, Marnelle L.

    2013-09-03

    This procedure implements portions of the requirements of MSC-MP-599, Quality Assurance Program Description. It establishes the Mission Support Alliance (MSA) practices for minimizing the introduction of and identifying, documenting, dispositioning, reporting, controlling, and disposing of suspect/counterfeit and defective items (S/CIs). employees whose work scope relates to Safety Systems (i.e., Safety Class [SC] or Safety Significant [SS] items), non-safety systems and other applications (i.e., General Service [GS]) where engineering has determined that their use could result in a potential safety hazard. MSA implements an effective Quality Assurance (QA) Program providing a comprehensive network of controls and verification providing defense-in-depth by preventing the introduction of S/CIs through the design, procurement, construction, operation, maintenance, and modification of processes. This procedure focuses on those safety systems, and other systems, including critical load paths of lifting equipment, where the introduction of S/CIs would have the greatest potential for creating unsafe conditions.

  3. Identification of Export Control Classification Number - ITER

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Identification of Export Control Classification Number - ITER (April 2012) As the "Shipper of Record" please provide the appropriate Export Control Classification Number (ECCN) for...

  4. Identification of Export Control Classification Number - ITER

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Identification of Export Control Classification Number - ITER (April 2012) As the "Shipper of Record" please provide the appropriate Export Control Classification Number (ECCN) for the products (equipment, components and/or materials) and if applicable the nonproprietary associated installation/maintenance documentation that will be shipped from the United States to the ITER International Organization in Cadarache, France or to ITER Members worldwide on behalf of the Company. In rare

  5. OMB Control Number: 1910-5165

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    OMB Control Number: 1910-5165 Expires: xx/xx/201x SEMI-ANNUAL DAVIS-BACON ENFORCEMENT REPORT Please submit this Semi-Annual Davis-Bacon Enforcement Report to your site DOE/NNSA Contractor Human Resource Division (CHRD) Office. If you do not have a DOE/NNSA CHRD Office, please submit the report to: DBAEnforcementReports@hq.doe.gov. The following questions regarding enforcement activity (Davis-Bacon and Related Acts) by this Agency are required by 29 CFR, Part 5.7(b), and Department of Labor, All

  6. OMB Control Number: 1910-5165

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Number: 1910-5165 Expires: 04/30/2015 SEMI-ANNUAL DAVIS-BACON ENFORCEMENT REPORT Please submit the Semi-Annual Davis-Bacon Enforcement Report in the Performance and Accountability for Grants in Energy (PAGE) system. If you do not have access to the PAGE system, please submit this form to DBAEnforcementReports@hq.doe.gov. The following questions regarding enforcement activity (Davis-Bacon and Related Acts) by this Agency are required by 29 CFR, Part 5.7(b), and Department of Labor, All Agency

  7. Action Items

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ACTION ITEMS Presentation to the DOE High Level Waste Corporate Board July 29, 2009 Kurt Gerdes Office of Waste Processing DOE-EM Office of Engineering & Technology 2 ACTION ITEMS...

  8. Estimated general population control limits for unitary agents in drinking water, milk, soil, and unprocessed food items

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watson, A.P.; Adams, J.D.; Cerar, R.J.; Hess, T.L.; Kistner, S.L.; Leffingwell, S.S.; MacIntosh, R.G.; Ward, J.R.

    1992-01-01

    In the event of an unplanned release of chemical agent during any stage of the Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program (CSDP), the potential exists for contamination of drinking water, forage crops, grains, garden produce, and livestock. Persistent agents such as VX or sulfur mustard pose the greatest human health concern for reentry. This White Paper has been prepared to provide technical bases for these decisions by developing working estimates of agent control limits in selected environmental media considered principal sources of potential human exposure. To date, control limits for public exposure to unitary agents have been established for atmospheric concentrations only. The current analysis builds on previous work to calculate working estimates of control limits for ingestion and dermal exposure to potentially contaminated drinking water, milk, soil, and unprocessed food items such as garden produce. Information characterizing agent desorption from, and detection on or in, contaminated porous media are presently too developed to permit reasonable estimation of dermal exposure from this source. Thus, dermal contact with potentially contaminated porous surfaces is not considered in this document.

  9. SF 6432-CI Commercial Items

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    150,000 APPLY TO ALL CONTRACTS EXCEEDING 5,000,000 Control : SF 6432-CI Title: Standard Terms and Conditions for Commercial Items Owner: Procurement Policy Department...

  10. CONTROL CHART DASHBOARDS MANAGING YOUR NUMBERS INSTEAD OF YOU NUMBER MANAGING YOU

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    PREVETTE, S.S.

    2006-11-15

    This paper, which documents Fluor Hanford's application of Statistical Process Control (SPC) and Dashboards to support planning and decision making, is a sequel to ''Leading with Leading Indicators'' that was presented at WM 05. This year's paper provides more detail on management's use of SPC and control charts and discusses their integration into an executive summary using the popular color-cod3ed dashboard methodology. Fluor Hanford has applied SPC in a non-traditional (that is non-manufacturing) manner. Dr. Shewhart's 75-year-old control-chart methodologies have been updated to modern data processing, but are still founded on his sound, tried and true principles. These methods are playing a key role in safety and quality at what has been called the world's largest environmental cleanup project. The US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Hanford Site played a pivotal role in the nation's defense, beginning in the 1940s when it was established as part of the Manhattan Project. After more than 50 years of producing nuclear weapons, Hanford--which covers 586 square miles in southeastern Washington state--is now focused on three outcomes: (1) restoring the Columbia River corridor for multiple uses; (2) transitioning the central plateau to support long-term waste management; and (3) putting DOE assets to work for the future.

  11. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The burning of fossil fuels and the consequent rising levels of atmospheric CO-2 has led to a number of negative environmental consequences, including global warming and ocean ...

  12. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    control of chain conformation; combinatorial discovery technologies; therapeutic, vaccine and diagnostic applications; sequence-defined polymers; protein mimetic materials;...

  13. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    controls the majority of chemical properties at the nanoscale including catalysis and corrosion. Research Details Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) is an excellent technique for...

  14. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    block of nanoscience, yet until now we have only known the average positions of atom within them. This will enable scientists to control nanocrystals which are used in...

  15. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Understanding and Predicting Self-Assembly Scientific Achievement Molecular Foundry staff worked with users to discover a new design rule that controls the way in which polymers ...

  16. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Controlled Porous Membranes for Better Batteries Scientific Achievement Molecular Foundry staff and users have combined to develop membranes for lithium-sulfur batteries made from ...

  17. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Precision Growth of Light-emitting Nanowires A novel approach to growing nanowires promises a new means of control over their light-emitting and electronic properties. In a recent...

  18. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3, 2013 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Alex Weber-Bargioni, The Molecular Foundry Title: Investigating the Propagation of Optically Excited States and Optoelectronic Processes in Nano Building Block Assemblies Location: 67-3111 Chemla room Controlling individual excited states and their deliberate movement through a material is one of the ultimate goals that will provide material scientist with a complete new freedom to develop novel material functionalities. Realizing such a control would enable to

  19. CRAD, Suspect/Counterfeit Item

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Management should have a formal system under Quality Assurance with adequate controls defined and implemented to identify and preclude Suspect/Counterfeit Items (S/CI) from being introduced into safety systems and applications that create potential hazards.

  20. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    8, 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Dr. Frank Q. Zhu, HGST Title: Controlled Nucleation Growth of Granular Thin Films by Templating Effect and Self-Assembly Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Hosted by Deirdre Olynick Abstract: Control of thin film grain size in the range of 5~15nm as well as grain size uniformity is a challenging yet crucial task for modern high performance thin film devices. There is no existing lithography technique that can readily accomplish this task at wafer scale. I will present

  1. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    9, 2013 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: David Britt, LBNL Title: Steps Toward Controlling her External Surface Chemistry of Metal-organic Frameworks Speaker: Dianne Xiao, UC Berkeley Title: Iron Metal-organic Frameworks for Hydrocarbon Oxidations Location: 67-3111 Chemla room Pizza will be served, compliments of Oxford Instruments

  2. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4, 2015 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Michael A. Guillorn, IBM T. J. Watson Research Center Title: Self-assembled, self-aligned and self healing: CMOS scaling enabled by stochastic suppression at the nanoscale Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: The end of CMOS density scaling has been erroneously predicted by a number of authors for several decades. A review of some of this work was presented by Haensch, et al[1]. Many of these predictions arose from a belief that the only possible solutions to

  3. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Foundry/NCEM Users' Meeting Draws a Crowd Nearly 300 scientific users and prospective users of the Molecular Foundry and the National Center for Electron Microscopy (NCEM) came to Berkeley Lab from across the nation and around the world to attend the 2014 Annual Users' Meeting of these two facilities. The two-day event, which was held August 25-26, drew a number of prominent speakers including former Berkeley Lab director and Secretary of Energy Steve Chu, as well as Chris Murray from the

  4. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1, 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Dr. Hou-Tong Chen, Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies, LANL Title: Terahertz Metamaterials - Structure Design, Material Integration and Emergent Functionality Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Hosted by Jim Schuck Abstract: The control of electromagnetic radiation lies at the core of many modern technologies. Naturally occurring materials provide only limited electromagnetic response, insufficient for emerging technologies with increasingly demanding requirements.

  5. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    29, 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Prof. Kevin Webb, Purdue University Title: Nanostructured Materials for Optical Sensing, Control and Signal Processing Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Hosted by Alex Weber-Bargioni Abstract: I summarize some of our recent accomplishments related to metamaterials, including the proposal of a graphene stack as the blackest material. Relying on fundamental principles, I suggest opportunities for the synthesis of new material mixtures, including active materials that

  6. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3, 2015 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Stacey Bent, Stanford Title: Improving Energy Conversion with Nanoscale Materials Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: With the intensifying global need for alternative energy, there is strong interest in new approaches to materials for sustainable energy devices. Underlying a diverse set of energy conversion devices are similar physical and chemical phenomena, many of which can be controlled with nanoscale materials. This talk will describe research on

  7. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    0, 2015 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Oren Scherman, Cambridge University Title: Dynamic Host-Guest Interactions at the Interface between Supramolecular Chemistry and Materials Science Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: We are interested in the development of controlled polymer architectures, hybrid nanoparticle-soft matter assemblies and the integration of dynamic supramolecular systems at interfaces. Current research projects in the group include the application of macrocyclic host-guest

  8. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2, 2015 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Gao Liu, LBNL Title: Mesoscale Origin of the Enhanced Cycling-Stability of the Si-Functional Conductive Polymer Anode for Li-ion Batteries Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Electrode used in lithium-ion battery is invariably a composite of multifunctional components. The performance of the electrode is controlled by the interactive function of all components at mesoscale. The functions of each component and its interaction in mesoscale will be discussed.

  9. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Seeing in Color at the Nanoscale: Foundry Scientists Develop a New Nanotech Tool to Probe Solar Energy Conversion If nanoscience were television, we'd be in the 1950s. Although scientists can make and manipulate nanoscale objects with increasingly awesome control, they are limited to black-and-white imagery for examining those objects. Information about nanoscale chemistry and interactions with light-the atomic-microscopy equivalent to color-is tantalizingly out of reach to all but the most

  10. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 Raising the IQ of Smart Windows Researchers at the Molecular Foundry have designed a thin coating of nanocrystals embedded in glass that can dynamically modify sunlight as it passes through a window. Unlike existing technologies, the coating provides selective control over visible light and heat-producing near-infrared (NIR) light, so windows can maximize both energy savings and occupant comfort in a wide range of climates. The work was published in the journal Nature by a team of Foundry

  11. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Good Vibrations: Researchers Tune the Chemical Bonds of Buckyballs If the chemical bonds that hold together the constituent atoms of a molecule could be tuned to become stronger or weaker, certain chemical properties of that molecule might be controlled to great advantage for applications in energy and catalysis. Berkeley Lab researchers at the Molecular Foundry, in collaboration with researchers from Rice University, were able to accomplish this feat by using an applied voltage and electric

  12. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Engineering electron nanoconduits in living bacteria This schematic shows that balanced expression of the Mtr electron conduit from Shewanella oneidensis in Escherichia coli enables E. coli to pass electrons across the membrane to an anode. Scientific Achievement A few specialized bacteria contain electron transfer protein complexes - electron nanoconduits - that allow them to reduce or oxidize an electrode. By exploring factors that control the synthesis of these electron nanoconduits, the

  13. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    August 2, 2013 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Prof. Lian-Mao Peng, Peking University Title: Carbon Nanotube Electronics: Extending the Moore Law to the End of the Roadmap and Beyond Location: 67-3111 Chemla room Hosted by: Gary Ren Carbon nanotubes (CNT) are quasi-one-dimensional materials with unique properties and are ideal material for nanoelectronics. In particular, perfect n-type [1-2] and p-type [3] contacts are now available for controlled injection of electrons into the conduction band and

  14. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tuesday, March 11, 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Dr. Peter Fischer, Center for X-ray Optics, LBNL Title: Full-field soft x-ray microscopy: a unique tool for nano- and mesoscience Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Image of Peter Fischer Abstract: For more than a decade research has focused on a fundamental understanding and control of nanoscale behavior. Recently, it has been recognized, that the next step beyond the nanoscale will be governed by mesoscale phenomena [1], since those are supposed to

  15. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Seeing Atoms and Molecules in Action with an Electron 'Eye' A unique rapid-fire electron source-originally built as a prototype for driving next-generation X-ray lasers-will help scientists at Berkeley Lab study ultrafast chemical processes and changes in materials at the atomic scale. This could provide new insight in how to make materials with custom, controllable properties and improve the efficiency and output of chemical reactions. This newly launched setup, dubbed HiRES (for High

  16. Microsoft Word - config item

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CITSS Configurable Item List COTS Software CITSS Configurable Items Page 1 January 1998 CI ... 5.0 100197 QO 370 SW-005 Paging Software WinBeep 2.12 100197 QO 370 SW-006 Help ...

  17. ADMIN Citation Item Title Item Summary Sub Item 1 Title Sub Item...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... GRS 1, item 25e f. Employment Statistics Files. Employment statistics relating to race and sex. Department-wide Media-neutral Temporary. Destroy when 5 years old. GRS 1, item 25f ...

  18. Action Item Review and Status

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Board Action Items Action Item Resolution Action Item Strategic Planning Initiative Optimization Study Resolution Presentation by S. Schneider (HLW System Integrated Project...

  19. Estimated general population control limits for unitary agents in drinking water, milk, soil, and unprocessed food items. For use in reentry decision-making

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watson, A.P.; Adams, J.D.; Cerar, R.J.; Hess, T.L.; Kistner, S.L.; Leffingwell, S.S.; MacIntosh, R.G.; Ward, J.R.

    1992-01-01

    In the event of an unplanned release of chemical agent during any stage of the Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program (CSDP), the potential exists for contamination of drinking water, forage crops, grains, garden produce, and livestock. Persistent agents such as VX or sulfur mustard pose the greatest human health concern for reentry. This White Paper has been prepared to provide technical bases for these decisions by developing working estimates of agent control limits in selected environmental media considered principal sources of potential human exposure. To date, control limits for public exposure to unitary agents have been established for atmospheric concentrations only. The current analysis builds on previous work to calculate working estimates of control limits for ingestion and dermal exposure to potentially contaminated drinking water, milk, soil, and unprocessed food items such as garden produce. Information characterizing agent desorption from, and detection on or in, contaminated porous media are presently too developed to permit reasonable estimation of dermal exposure from this source. Thus, dermal contact with potentially contaminated porous surfaces is not considered in this document.

  20. Implementing New Methods of Laser Marking of Items in the Nuclear Material Control and Accountability System at SSC RF-IPPE: An Automated Laser Marking System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Regoushevsky, V I; Tambovtsev, S D; Dvukhsherstnov, V G; Efimenko, V F; Ilyantsev, A I; Russ III, G P

    2009-05-18

    For over ten years SSC RF-IPPE, together with the US DOE National Laboratories, has been working on implementing automated control and accountability methods for nuclear materials and other items. Initial efforts to use adhesive bar codes or ones printed (painted) onto metal revealed that these methods were inconvenient and lacked durability under operational conditions. For NM disk applications in critical stands, there is the additional requirement that labels not affect the neutron characteristics of the critical assembly. This is particularly true for the many stainless-steel clad disks containing highly enriched uranium (HEU) and plutonium that are used at SSC RF-IPPE for modeling nuclear power reactors. In search of an alternate method for labeling these disks, we tested several technological options, including laser marking and two-dimensional codes. As a result, the method of laser coloring was chosen in combination with Data Matrix ECC200 symbology. To implement laser marking procedures for the HEU disks and meet all the nuclear material (NM) handling standards and rules, IPPE staff, with U.S. technical and financial support, implemented an automated laser marking system; there are also specially developed procedures for NM movements during laser marking. For the laser marking station, a Zenith 10F system by Telesis Technologies (10 watt Ytterbium Fiber Laser and Merlin software) is used. The presentation includes a flowchart for the automated system and a list of specially developed procedures with comments. Among other things, approaches are discussed for human-factor considerations. To date, markings have been applied to numerous steel-clad HEU disks, and the work continues. In the future this method is expected to be applied to other MC&A items.

  1. PURPOSE FORM INSTRUCTIONS Item Description

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PURPOSE FORM INSTRUCTIONS Item Description 1 Enter inclusive dates of current reporting period. 2 Enter the official contract title. 3 Enter the official contract number. 4 Enter the name and address of each subcontractor. Subcontractors are to be grouped by state. 5 Enter ZIP code plus the 4-digit ZIP code extension. 6 Enter the subcontractor's business type (i.e. Academia, Industry, National Lab, Non-Profit Organization, State, or Other). 7 Enter the subcontractor's business classification

  2. Commercial Items Test Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Attached for your information is a copy of Civilian Agency Acquisition Council (CAAC) Letter 2009-04. It advises that the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 201 0, Section 8 16 authorizes extension of the Commercial Items Test Program from January 1,20 10 to January 1,20 12 and that an expedited FAR Case is being processed to insert the new date at FAR 13.500(d). Also attached is a class deviation authorizing the use of simplified acquisition procedures for commercial items up to $5.5 million [$I1 million for acquisitions of commercial items under FAR 13.500(e)

  3. Voluntary Self-Identification of Disability Form CC-305 OMB Control Number 1250-0005

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Voluntary Self-Identification of Disability Form CC-305 OMB Control Number 1250-0005 Expires 1/31/2017 Page 1 of 2 Why are you being asked to complete this form? Because we do business with the government, we must reach out to, hire, and provide equal opportunity to qualified people with disabilities. i To help us measure how well we are doing, we are asking you to tell us if you have a disability or if you ever had a disability. Completing this form is voluntary, but we hope that you will

  4. SF6432-CI (02-01-12) Commercial Items

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    who will enter a government site to perform Control : SF 6432-CI Title: Standard Terms and Conditions for Commercial Items Owner: Procurement Policy & Quality Dept Release...

  5. Feed mechanism and method for feeding minute items

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stringer, Timothy Kent; Yerganian, Simon Scott

    2009-10-20

    A feeding mechanism and method for feeding minute items, such as capacitors, resistors, or solder preforms. The mechanism is adapted to receive a plurality of the randomly-positioned and randomly-oriented extremely small or minute items, and to isolate, orient, and position one or more of the items in a specific repeatable pickup location wherefrom they may be removed for use by, for example, a computer-controlled automated assembly machine. The mechanism comprises a sliding shelf adapted to receive and support the items; a wiper arm adapted to achieve a single even layer of the items; and a pushing arm adapted to push the items into the pickup location. The mechanism can be adapted for providing the items with a more exact orientation, and can also be adapted for use in a liquid environment.

  6. Feed mechanism and method for feeding minute items

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stringer, Timothy Kent; Yerganian, Simon Scott

    2012-11-06

    A feeding mechanism and method for feeding minute items, such as capacitors, resistors, or solder preforms. The mechanism is adapted to receive a plurality of the randomly-positioned and randomly-oriented extremely small or minute items, and to isolate, orient, and position the items in a specific repeatable pickup location wherefrom they may be removed for use by, for example, a computer-controlled automated assembly machine. The mechanism comprises a sliding shelf adapted to receive and support the items; a wiper arm adapted to achieve a single even layer of the items; and a pushing arm adapted to push the items into the pickup location. The mechanism can be adapted for providing the items with a more exact orientation, and can also be adapted for use in a liquid environment.

  7. Item Not Found | DOE Patents

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    DOepatents Item Not Found Item Not Found The item you requested, OSTI ID 1225007, is not available in this collection. If you followed a link to this page, that link is outdated or contains an error. Search DOE Patents DOE Patents Home

  8. Pre-2012 News Items

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Pre-2012 News Items Project and Communication Milestones: April 4, 2011: MINERvA receives Secretary's Award of Achievement March 14, 2012: Scientists send encoded message through rock via neutrino beam A particle physics private eye takes on the great interaction caper 2006 Fermilab Today Series: February 2, 2006: MINERvA Takes Point-Blank Aim at Neutrino Mysteries February 22, 2006: MINERvA Recycles to Tap Many Lab Resources March 1, 2006: Students on MINERvA Get to see End Result March 8,

  9. W-026 acceptance test plan plant control system hardware (submittal {number_sign} 216)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watson, T.L., Fluor Daniel Hanford

    1997-02-14

    Acceptance Testing of the WRAP 1 Plant Control System Hardware will be conducted throughout the construction of WRAP I with the final testing on the Process Area hardware being completed in November 1996. The hardware tests will be broken out by the following functional areas; Local Control Units, Operator Control Stations in the WRAP Control Room, DMS Server, PCS Server, Operator Interface Units, printers, DNS terminals, WRAP Local Area Network/Communications, and bar code equipment. This document will contain completed copies of each of the hardware tests along with the applicable test logs and completed test exception reports.

  10. Control of a high Reynolds number Mach 0.9 heated jet using plasma actuators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kearney-Fischer, M.; Kim, J.-H.; Samimy, M.

    2009-09-15

    The results of particle image velocimetry (PIV) measurements in a high subsonic, heated, jet forced using localized arc filament plasma actuators (LAFPAs) show that LAFPAs can consistently produce significant mixing enhancement over a wide range of temperatures. These actuators have been used successfully in high Reynolds number, high-speed unheated jets. The facility consists of an axisymmetric jet with different nozzle blocks of exit diameter of 2.54 cm and variable jet temperature in an anechoic chamber. The focus of this paper is on a high subsonic (M{sub j}=0.9) jet. Twelve experiments with various forcing azimuthal modes (m=0, 1, and {+-}1) and temperatures (T{sub o}/T{sub a}=1.0, 1.4, and 2.0) at a fixed forcing Strouhal number (St{sub DF}=0.3) have been conducted and PIV results compared with the baseline results to characterize the effectiveness of LAFPAs for mixing enhancement. Centerline velocity and turbulent kinetic energy as well as jet width are used for determining the LAFPAs' effectiveness. The characteristics of large-scale structures are analyzed through the use of Galilean streamlines and swirling strength. Across the range of temperatures collected, the effectiveness of LAFPAs improves as temperature increases. Possible reasons for the increase in effectiveness are discussed.

  11. SU-E-T-199: How Number of Control Points Influences the Dynamic IMRT Plan Quality and Deliverability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sharma, S; Manigandan, D; Chander, S; Subramani, V; Julka, P; Rath, G

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To study the influence of number of control points on plan quality and deliverability. Methods: Five previously treated patients of carcinoma of rectum were selected. Planning target volume (PTV) and organs at risk (OARs) i.e. bladder and bowel were contoured. Dynamic IMRT plans (6MV, 7-fields, 45Gy/25 fractions and prescribed at 95% isodose) were created in Eclipse (Varian medical system, Palo Alto, CA) treatment planning system (TPS) for Varian CL2300C/D linear-accelerator. Base plan was calculated with 166 control points, variable mode (Eclipse Default). For generating other plans, all parameters were kept constant, only number of control points (Fixed mode) was varied as follows: 100, 166 and 200. Then, plan quality was analyzed in terms of maximum and mean dose received by the PTV and OARs. For plan deliverability, TPS calculated fluence was verified with ImatriXX (IBA Dosimetry, Germany) array and compared with TPS dose-plane using gamma index criteria of 3% dose difference and 3mm distance to agreement (DTA). Total number of monitor units (MU) required to deliver a plan was also noted. Results: The maximum variation for the PTV maximum with respect to eclipse default control point (166) was 0.28% (0.14Gy). Similarly, PTV mean varied only up to 0.22 %( 0.11Gy). Bladder maximum and bladder mean varied up to 0.51% (0.24Gy) and 0.16% (0.06Gy). The variation for the bowel maximum and bowel mean was also only 0.39% (0.19Gy) and 0.33% (0.04Gy). Total MU was within 0.32 % (4MU). Average gamma pass rate using different control points for five patients are 98.750.33%, 99.370.09%, 99.290.12%, 98.140.13% and 99.250.14% respectively. Conclusion: Slight variation (<1%) in PTV and OARs maximum and mean doses was observed with varying number of control points. Monitor unit was also not varied much. Reducing number of control points did not showed any comprise in plan deliverability in terms of gamma index pass rate.

  12. Method of data mining including determining multidimensional coordinates of each item using a predetermined scalar similarity value for each item pair

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Meyers, Charles E.; Davidson, George S.; Johnson, David K.; Hendrickson, Bruce A.; Wylie, Brian N.

    1999-01-01

    A method of data mining represents related items in a multidimensional space. Distance between items in the multidimensional space corresponds to the extent of relationship between the items. The user can select portions of the space to perceive. The user also can interact with and control the communication of the space, focusing attention on aspects of the space of most interest. The multidimensional spatial representation allows more ready comprehension of the structure of the relationships among the items.

  13. Effect of Fuel Wobbe Number on Pollutant Emissions from Advanced Technology Residential Water Heaters: Results of Controlled Experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rapp, Vi H.; Singer, Brett C.

    2014-03-01

    The research summarized in this report is part of a larger effort to evaluate the potential air quality impacts of using liquefied natural gas in California. A difference of potential importance between many liquefied natural gas blends and the natural gas blends that have been distributed in California in recent years is the higher Wobbe number of liquefied natural gas. Wobbe number is a measure of the energy delivery rate for appliances that use orifice- or pressure-based fuel metering. The effect of Wobbe number on pollutant emissions from residential water heaters was evaluated in controlled experiments. Experiments were conducted on eight storage water heaters, including five with “ultra low-NO{sub X}” burners, and four on-demand (tankless) water heaters, all of which featured ultra low-NO{sub X} burners. Pollutant emissions were quantified as air-free concentrations in the appliance flue and fuel-based emission factors in units of nanogram of pollutant emitter per joule of fuel energy consumed. Emissions were measured for carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NO{sub X}), nitrogen oxide (NO), formaldehyde and acetaldehyde as the water heaters were operated through defined operating cycles using fuels with varying Wobbe number. The reference fuel was Northern California line gas with Wobbe number ranging from 1344 to 1365. Test fuels had Wobbe numbers of 1360, 1390 and 1420. The most prominent finding was an increase in NO{sub X} emissions with increasing Wobbe number: all five of the ultra low-NO{sub X} storage water heaters and two of the four ultra low-NO{sub X} on-demand water heaters had statistically discernible (p<0.10) increases in NO{sub X} with fuel Wobbe number. The largest percentage increases occurred for the ultra low-NO{sub X} water heaters. There was a discernible change in CO emissions with Wobbe number for all four of the on-demand devices tested. The on-demand water heater with the highest CO emissions also had the largest CO increase with increasing fuel Wobbe number.

  14. Balancing Item (Billion Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Balancing Item (Billion Cubic Feet) Balancing Item (Billion Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2001 140 143 41 166 30 -13 -8 -6 -26 -133 -76 -161 2002 -4 38 11 164 28 95 54 49 8 -124 -126 -129 2003 -86 76 118 43 30 16 80 57 12 -49 -136 -118 2004 -66 134 126 133 116 71 58 60 63 -13 -79 -142 2005 -41 104 14 131 60 58 62 66 59 -37 -114 -127 2006 49 -2 80 152 53 41 34 51 -2 -99 -101 -153 2007 -128 55 118 42 63 34 3 24 -3 -52 -185 -175 2008 -75 54 59 105 38 42 23 29 16

  15. SF 6432-CI Commercial Items

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    04/2015) SECTION II STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COMMERCIAL ITEMS THE FOLLOWING CLAUSES APPLY TO THIS CONTRACT AS INDICATED UNLESS SPECIFICALLY DELETED, OR EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT THEY ARE SPECIFICALLY SUPPLEMENTED OR AMENDED IN WRITING IN THE COVER PAGE OR SECTION I. (CTRL+CLICK ON A LINK BELOW TO ADVANCE DIRECTLY TO THAT SECTION) ACCEPTANCE OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS (Ts&Cs) APPLICABLE LAW ASSIGNMENT BANKRUPTCY CANCELLATION OR TERMINATION FOR CONVENIENCE CHANGES COMPLIANCE WITH LAWS

  16. Suspect/Counterfeit Items Information Guide for Subcontractors/Suppliers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tessmar, Nancy D.; Salazar, Michael J.

    2012-09-18

    Counterfeiting of industrial and commercial grade items is an international problem that places worker safety, program objectives, expensive equipment, and security at risk. In order to prevent the introduction of Suspect/Counterfeit Items (S/CI), this information sheet is being made available as a guide to assist in the implementation of S/CI awareness and controls, in conjunction with subcontractor's/supplier's quality assurance programs. When it comes to counterfeit goods, including industrial materials, items, and equipment, no market is immune. Some manufactures have been known to misrepresent their products and intentionally use inferior materials and processes to manufacture substandard items, whose properties can significantly cart from established standards and specifications. These substandard items termed by the Department of Energy (DOE) as S/CI, pose immediate and potential threats to the safety of DOE and contractor workers, the public, and the environment. Failure of certain systems and processes caused by an S/CI could also have national security implications at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). Nuclear Safety Rules (federal Laws), DOE Orders, and other regulations set forth requirements for DOE contractors to implement effective controls to assure that items and services meet specified requirements. This includes techniques to implement and thereby minimizing the potential threat of entry of S/CI to LANL. As a qualified supplier of goods or services to the LANL, your company will be required to establish and maintain effective controls to prevent the introduction of S/CI to LANL. This will require that your company warrant that all items (including their subassemblies, components, and parts) sold to LANL are genuine (i.e. not counterfeit), new, and unused, and conform to the requirements of the LANL purchase orders/contracts unless otherwise approved in writing to the Los Alamos National Security (LANS) contract administrator/procurements specialist.

  17. JOBAID-SELF ASSIGNING COURSES (ITEMS)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In this jobaid you will learn to use the Course Catalog, Browse Catalog, Recommended Items, Locate and Self-Assign Items (Courses) Using the Search Catalog features, Narrow Course Searches using...

  18. Suspect/Counterfeit items found at NTS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Suspect/Counterfeit and Defective Items Suspect/Counterfeit and Defective Items The Department of Energy (DOE) is committed to ensuring that items and components installed in safety-related or mission-critical applications meet their intended function and operability requirements. Therefore, EHSS has established a process for identifying Suspect/Counterfeit (S/CI) or Defective Items (DI) that are deemed safety-significant and broadly applicable to DOE facilities and for ensuring that action is

  19. DOE - NNSA/NFO -- Featured Items

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Featured Items [includes/language.htm] Featured Items The Nevada Field Office Featured Items section provides quick access to brief program updates and some of the more popular new content posted to our internet site. Publications listed or referenced in the featured item section on the main web page can be found in the Library section under publications. Instructions: Click the document title to view or download the Adobe PDF file marked with this icon ( PDF icon ) [ PDF Help | Free Viewer ]

  20. SF 6432-CI Commercial Items

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    11/17/15 Page 1 of 16 Printed copies of this document are uncontrolled. Retrieve latest version electronically. SANDIA CORPORATION SF 6432-CI (11/2015) SECTION II STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COMMERCIAL ITEMS THE FOLLOWING CLAUSES APPLY TO THIS CONTRACT AS INDICATED UNLESS SPECIFICALLY DELETED, OR EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT THEY ARE SPECIFICALLY SUPPLEMENTED OR AMENDED IN WRITING IN THE COVER PAGE OR SECTION I. (CTRL+CLICK ON A LINK BELOW TO ADVANCE DIRECTLY TO THAT SECTION) ACCEPTANCE OF TERMS

  1. SF 6432-CI Commercial Items

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7/31/13 Page 1 of 14 Printed copies of this document are uncontrolled. Retrieve latest version electronically. SANDIA CORPORATION SF 6432-CI (07/2013) SECTION II STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COMMERCIAL ITEMS THE FOLLOWING CLAUSES APPLY TO THIS CONTRACT AS INDICATED UNLESS SPECIFICALLY DELETED, OR EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT THEY ARE SPECIFICALLY SUPPLEMENTED OR AMENDED IN WRITING IN THE COVER PAGE OR SECTION I. (CTRL+CLICK ON A LINK BELOW TO ADVANCE DIRECTLY TO THAT SECTION) ACCEPTANCE OF TERMS

  2. CITSS Configurable Item List: COTS Software | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Configurable Item List: COTS Software CITSS Configurable Item List: COTS Software CITSS Configurable Item List: COTS Software PDF icon CITSS Configurable Item List: COTS Software More Documents & Publications CITSS Project Plan CITSS Project Plan Software Configuration Management Plan

  3. Integrated emissions control system for residential CWS furnace. Annual status report number 1, 20 September 1989--30 September 1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balsavich, J.C.; Breault, R.W.

    1990-10-01

    One of the major obstacles to the successful development and commercialization of a coal-fired residential furnace is the need for a reliable, cost-effective emission control system. Tecogen Inc. is developing a novel, integrated emission control system to control NO{sub x}, SO{sub 2}, and particulate emissions. A reactor provides high sorbent particle residence time within the reactor to control SO{sub 2} emissions, while providing a means of extracting a substantial amount of the particulates present in the combustion gases. Final cleanup of any flyash exiting the reactor is completed with the use of high-efficiency bag filters. Tecogen Inc. developed a residential-scale Coal Water Slurry (CWS) combustor which makes use of centrifugal forces to separate and confine larger unburned coal particles in the furnace upper chamber. Various partitions are used to retard the axial, downward flow of these particles, and thus maximize their residence time in the hottest section of the combustor. By operating this combustor under staged conditions, the local stoichiometry in the primary zone can be controlled to minimize NO{sub x} emissions. During the first year of the program, work encompassed a literature search, developing an analytical model of the SO{sub 2} reactor, fabricating and assembling the initial prototype components, testing the prototype component, and estimating the operating and manufacturing costs.

  4. Advanced emissions control development program. Quarterly technical progress report {number_sign}4, July 1--September 30, 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farthing, G.A.

    1995-12-31

    Babcock and Wilcox (B and W) is conducting a five-year project aimed at the development of practical, cost-effective strategies for reducing the emissions of hazardous air pollutants (commonly called air toxics) from coal-fired electric utility plants. The need for air toxic emissions controls will likely arise as the US Environmental Protection Agency proceeds with implementation of Title III of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. Data generated during the program will provide utilities with the technical and economic information necessary to reliably evaluate various air toxics emissions compliance options such as fuel switching, coal cleaning, and flue gas treatment. The development work is being carried out using B and W`s new Clean Environment Development Facility (CEDF) wherein air toxics emissions control strategies can be developed under controlled conditions, and with proven predictability to commercial systems. Tests conducted in the CEDF will provide high quality, repeatable, comparable data over a wide range of coal properties, operating conditions, and emissions control systems. The specific objectives of the project are to: (1) measure and understand the production and partitioning of air toxics species for a variety of steam coals, (2) optimize the air toxics removal performance of conventional flue gas cleanup systems (ESPs, baghouses, scrubbers), (3) develop advanced air toxics emissions control concepts, (4) develop and validate air toxics emissions measurement and monitoring techniques, and (5) establish a comprehensive, self-consistent air toxics data library. Development work is currently concentrated on the capture of mercury, fine particulate, and a variety of inorganic species such as the acid gases (hydrogen chloride, hydrogen fluoride, etc.).

  5. Binary classification of items of interest in a repeatable process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Abell, Jeffrey A; Spicer, John Patrick; Wincek, Michael Anthony; Wang, Hui; Chakraborty, Debejyo

    2015-01-06

    A system includes host and learning machines. Each machine has a processor in electrical communication with at least one sensor. Instructions for predicting a binary quality status of an item of interest during a repeatable process are recorded in memory. The binary quality status includes passing and failing binary classes. The learning machine receives signals from the at least one sensor and identifies candidate features. Features are extracted from the candidate features, each more predictive of the binary quality status. The extracted features are mapped to a dimensional space having a number of dimensions proportional to the number of extracted features. The dimensional space includes most of the passing class and excludes at least 90 percent of the failing class. Received signals are compared to the boundaries of the recorded dimensional space to predict, in real time, the binary quality status of a subsequent item of interest.

  6. Suspect and Counterfeit Items Memo | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Suspect and Counterfeit Items Memo Suspect and Counterfeit Items Memo The issue of Suspect/Counterfeit Items (S/CI), specifically electronic components and integrated circuits, is an increasing problem throughout the nuclear industry. PDF icon Suspect and Counterfeit Items Memo More Documents & Publications Technical Standards Newsletter - October 2015 Suspect/Counterfeit Items Awareness Training Manual Visiting Speaker Program - May 12, 2011

  7. Request Number:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3023307 Name: Madeleine Brown Organization: nJa Address: --- -------- -------- -- Country: Phone Number: United States Fax Number: n/a E-mail: --- -------- --------_._------ --- Reasonably Describe Records Description: Please send me a copy of the emails and records relating to the decision to allow the underage son of Bill Gates to tour Hanford in June 2010. Please also send the emails and records that justify the Department of Energy to prevent other minors from visiting B Reactor. Optional

  8. Request Number:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1074438 Name: Gayle Cooper Organization: nla Address: _ Country: United States Phone Number: Fax Number: nla E-mail: . ~===--------- Reasonably Describe Records Description: Information pertaining to the Department of Energy's cost estimate for reinstating pension benefit service years to the Enterprise Company (ENCO) employees who are active plan participants in the Hanford Site Pension Plan. This cost estimate was an outcome of the DOE's Worker Town Hall Meetings held on September 17-18, 2009.

  9. Suspect/Counterfeit Item Awareness Training Manual

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Suspect/Counterfeit Items Awareness Training U.S. Department of Energy Health, Safety and Security Office of Corporate Safety Analysis This training document is in the process of being revised by the Office of Analysis (HS-24) through a partnership with the Energy Facility Contractors Group. In the interim, the Suspect/ Counterfeit Headmark List (page 11) has been updated with the most current version. June 2007 Revision 6 Suspect/Counterfeit Items Training Sponsored by the Office of Analysis

  10. Suspect/Counterfeit and Defective Items

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Energy (DOE) is committed to ensuring that items and components installed in safety-related or mission-critical applications meet their intended function and operability requirements. Therefore, EHSS has established a process for identifying Suspect/Counterfeit (S/CI) or Defective Items (DI) that are deemed safety-significant and broadly applicable to DOE facilities and for ensuring that action is taken.

  11. Calorimetry of low mass Pu239 items

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cremers, Teresa L; Sampson, Thomas E

    2010-01-01

    Calorimetric assay has the reputation of providing the highest precision and accuracy of all nondestructive assay measurements. Unfortunately, non-destructive assay practitioners and measurement consumers often extend, inappropriately, the high precision and accuracy of calorimetric assay to very low mass items. One purpose of this document is to present more realistic expectations for the random uncertainties associated with calorimetric assay for weapons grade plutonium items with masses of 200 grams or less.

  12. Change Number

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Date: M-16-04-04 Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order Change Control Form Do not use blue ink. Type or print using black ink. May 27, 2004 Originator: K. A. Klein Phone:...

  13. (Document Number)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A TA-53 TOUR FORM/RADIOLOGICAL LOG (Send completed form to MS H831) _____________ _____________________________ _________________________________ Tour Date Purpose of Tour or Tour Title Start Time and Approximate Duration ___________________________ ______________ _______________________ _________________ Tour Point of Contact/Requestor Z# (if applicable) Organization/Phone Number Signature Locations Visited: (Check all that apply, and list any others not shown. Prior approval must be obtained

  14. Integrated Program Management Report (IPMR) Data Item Description...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Integrated Program Management Report (IPMR) Data Item Description (DID) Integrated Program Management Report (IPMR) Data Item Description (DID) Integrated Program Management Report...

  15. Change Number

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6-02-01 Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order Change Control Form Do not use blue ink. Type or print using black ink. Date 2/11/2002 Originator Phone P. M. Knollmeyer, Assistant Manager Central Plateau 376-7435 Class of Change [X] I - Signatories [ ] II - Executive Manager [ ] III - Project Manager Change Title Modification of the M-016 Series Milestones Description/Justification of Change The Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (TPA) contains commitments for the U.S.

  16. AVOID BECOMING A VICTIM OF COUNTERFEIT ITEMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    WARRINER RD

    2011-07-13

    In today's globalized economy, we cannot live without imported products. Most people do not realize how thin the safety net of regulation and inspection really is. Less than three percent of imported products receive any form of government inspection prior to sale. Avoid flea markets, street vendors and deep discount stores. The sellers of counterfeit wares know where to market their products. They look for individuals who are hungry for a brand name item but do not want to pay a brand name price for it. The internet provides anonymity to the sellers of counterfeit products. Unlike Europe, U.S. law does not hold internet-marketing organizations, responsible for the quality of the products sold on their websites. These organizations will remove an individual vendor when a sufficient number of complaints are lodged, but they will not take responsibility for the counterfeit products you may have purchased. EBay has a number of counterfeit product guides to help you avoid being a victim of the sellers of these products. Ten percent of all medications taken worldwide are counterfeit. If you do buy medications on-line, be sure that the National Association of Boards of Pharmacy Verified Internet Pharmacy Practice Sites (VIPPS) recommends the pharmacy you choose to use. Inspect all medication purchases and report any change in color, shape, imprinting or odor to your pharmacist. If you take generic medications these attributes may change from one manufacturer to another. Your pharmacist should inform you of any changes when you refill your prescription. If they do not, get clarification prior to taking the medication. Please note that the Federal Drug Administration (FDA) does not regulate supplements. The FDA only steps in when a specific supplement proves to cause physical harm or contains a regulated ingredient. Due to counterfeiting, Underwriters Laboratories (UL) changed their label design three times since 1996. The new gold label should be attached to the cord or body of most office and home electrical products (please see the picture to the left). Holiday lights may have the UL marking in red or green instead of the universal black. A red UL mark indicates the product is approved for outdoor as well as indoor service. The green UL mark indicates the product is only to be used indoors. A small number of home electrical products may bear an Interteck (ETL) approval. This label is also acceptable. An Interteck label includes black print on a white background bearing the circular ETL logo. Most manufacturers are proud of their products and strive to gain name recognition as well as foster repeat business. This is not true of counterfeiters. The very first thing most counterfeiters try to do is make their products untraceable. Their products may bear the nation of origin but that is all. This is a common practice with metal components such as pipe fittings and flanges. This is also true of hoisting and rigging equipment such as shackles, turnbuckles and chain. Sadly, this has also occurred with the purchase of some safety equipment such as arc-flash retardant coveralls. Learn the national standards associated with products you are purchasing. Clearly specify these requirements on the procurements you make.

  17. Suspect/Counterfeit Items Awareness Training Manual

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The manual discusses definitions, the DOE S/CI process, DOE Directives and Government-Industry Data Exchange Program (GIDEP), and the DOE S/CI website. Appendices cover fasteners, components and product information, suspect indications list, suspect/counterfeit items (S/CI) found at DOE facilities, references, and resources.

  18. Guide to good practices for the development of test items

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-01-01

    While the methodology used in developing test items can vary significantly, to ensure quality examinations, test items should be developed systematically. Test design and development is discussed in the DOE Guide to Good Practices for Design, Development, and Implementation of Examinations. This guide is intended to be a supplement by providing more detailed guidance on the development of specific test items. This guide addresses the development of written examination test items primarily. However, many of the concepts also apply to oral examinations, both in the classroom and on the job. This guide is intended to be used as guidance for the classroom and laboratory instructor or curriculum developer responsible for the construction of individual test items. This document focuses on written test items, but includes information relative to open-reference (open book) examination test items, as well. These test items have been categorized as short-answer, multiple-choice, or essay. Each test item format is described, examples are provided, and a procedure for development is included. The appendices provide examples for writing test items, a test item development form, and examples of various test item formats.

  19. Calorimeter measurements of low wattage items

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cremers, T.L.; Camp, K.L.; Hildner, S.S.; Sedlacek, W.A.

    1993-08-01

    The transition of DOE facilities from production to decontamination and decommissioning has led to more measurements of waste, scrap, and other less attractive materials. The difficulty that these materials pose for segmented gamma scanning and neutron counting has increased the use of calorimetric assay for very low wattage items (< 250 millwatts). We have measured well characterized {sup 238}Pu oxide ranging in wattage from 25 to 500 milliwatts in the calorimeters at the Los Alamos Plutonium Facility and report the error and the precision of the measurements.

  20. Central Characterization Program (CCP) TRU Nonconforming Item Reporting and Control

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Supporting Technical Document for the Radiological Release Accident Investigation Report (Phase II Report)

  1. Vindicator Lidar Assessment for Wind Turbine Feed-Forward Control Applications: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-09-352

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wright, A.

    2014-01-01

    Collaborative development and testing of feed-forward and other advanced wind turbine controls using a laser wind sensor.

  2. Binary classification of items of interest in a repeatable process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Abell, Jeffrey A.; Spicer, John Patrick; Wincek, Michael Anthony; Wang, Hui; Chakraborty, Debejyo

    2014-06-24

    A system includes host and learning machines in electrical communication with sensors positioned with respect to an item of interest, e.g., a weld, and memory. The host executes instructions from memory to predict a binary quality status of the item. The learning machine receives signals from the sensor(s), identifies candidate features, and extracts features from the candidates that are more predictive of the binary quality status relative to other candidate features. The learning machine maps the extracted features to a dimensional space that includes most of the items from a passing binary class and excludes all or most of the items from a failing binary class. The host also compares the received signals for a subsequent item of interest to the dimensional space to thereby predict, in real time, the binary quality status of the subsequent item of interest.

  3. Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Corrective Measures Analysis > Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures Released: June 4, 2010 Download Full Report (PDF) This special report examines an underlying cause of the seasonal pattern in the balancing item published in the Natural Gas Monthly. Research finds that a significant portion of data collected on EIA’s primary monthly natural gas

  4. Safety Evaluation for Packaging (onsite) T Plant Canyon Items

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    OBRIEN, J.H.

    2000-07-14

    This safety evaluation for packaging (SEP) evaluates and documents the ability to safely ship mostly unique inventories of miscellaneous T Plant canyon waste items (T-P Items) encountered during the canyon deck clean off campaign. In addition, this SEP addresses contaminated items and material that may be shipped in a strong tight package (STP). The shipments meet the criteria for onsite shipments as specified by Fluor Hanford in HNF-PRO-154, Responsibilities and Procedures for all Hazardous Material Shipments.

  5. Integrated Program Management Report (IPMR) Data Item Description (DID) |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Integrated Program Management Report (IPMR) Data Item Description (DID) Integrated Program Management Report (IPMR) Data Item Description (DID) Integrated Program Management Report (IPMR) combines the Contractor Performance Report (CPR) and Integrated Master Schedule (IMS) reporting requirements on contracts requiring Earned Value Management (EVM) reporting of project/contract performance. Document available for download via link below provides Data Item Description

  6. Advanced Emissions Control Development Program. Quarterly Technical Progress Report {number_sign}7 for the period: April 1 to June 30, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, A.P.

    1996-12-31

    Babcock {ampersand} Wilcox (B{ampersand}W) is conducting a five-year project aimed at the development of practical, cost- effective strategies for reducing the emissions of hazardous air pollutants (commonly called air toxics) from coal-fired electric utility plants. The need for air toxic emissions controls may arise as the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency proceeds with implementation of Title III of the Clean Air Act Amendment (CAAA) of 1990. Data generated during the program will provide utilities with the technical and economic information necessary to reliably evaluate various air toxics emissions compliance options such as fuel switching, coal cleaning, and flue gas treatment. The development work is being carried out using B{ampersand}W`s new Clean Environment Development Facility (CEDF) wherein air toxics emissions control strategies can be developed under controlled conditions, and with proven predictability to commercial systems. Tests conducted in the CEDF provide high quality, repeatable, comparable data over a wide range of coal properties, operating conditions, and emissions control systems. Development work to date has concentrated on the capture of mercury, other trace metals, fine particulate, and the inorganic species hydrogen chloride and hydrogen fluoride.

  7. Advanced Emissions Control Development Program. Quarterly Technical Progress Report {number_sign}5 for the period October 1 to December 31, 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farthing, George A.

    1996-12-31

    Babcock {ampersand} Wilcox (B{ampersand}W) is conducting a five year project aimed at the development of practical, cost- effective strategies for reducing the emissions of hazardous air pollutants (commonly called air toxics) from coal-fired electric utility plants. The need for air toxic emissions controls will likely arise as the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency proceeds with implementation of Title III of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. Data generated during the program will provide utilities with the technical and economic information necessary to reliably evaluate various air toxics emissions compliance options such as fuel switching, coal cleaning, and flue gas treatment. The development work is being carried out using B&W`s new Clean Environment Development Facility (CEDF) wherein air toxics emissions control strategies can be developed under controlled conditions, and with proven predictability to commercial systems. Tests conducted in the CEDF will provide high quality, repeatable, comparable data over a wide range of coal properties, operating conditions, and emissions control systems. The specific objectives of the project are to: (1) measure and understand the production and partitioning of air toxics species for a variety of steam coals, (2) optimize the air toxics removal performance of conventional flue gas cleanup systems (ESPs, baghouses, scrubbers), (3) develop advanced air toxics emissions control concepts, (4) develop and validate air toxics emissions measurement and monitoring techniques, and (5) establish a comprehensive, self-consistent air toxics data library. Development work is currently concentrated on the capture of mercury, fine particulate, and a variety of inorganic species such as the acid gases (hydrogen chloride, hydrogen fluoride, etc.).

  8. Advanced Emissions Control Development Program. Quarterly Technical Progress Report {number_sign}6 for the period: January 1 to March 31, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farthing, George A.

    1996-12-31

    Babcock {ampersand} Wilcox (B{ampersand}W) is conducting a five-year project aimed at the development of practical, cost-effective strategies for reducing the emissions of hazardous air pollutants (commonly called air toxics) from coal-fired electric utility plants. The need for air toxic emissions controls will likely arise as the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency proceeds with implementation of Title III of the clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. Data generated during the program will provide utilities with the technical and economic information necessary to reliably evaluate various air toxics emissions compliance options such as fuel switching, coal cleaning, and flue gas treatment. The development work is being carried out using B{ampersand}W`s new Clean Environment Development Facility (CEDF) wherein air toxics emissions control strategies can be developed under controlled conditions, and with proven predictability to commercial systems. Tests conducted in the CEDF will provide high quality, repeatable, comparable data over a wide range of coal properties, operating conditions, and emissions control systems. The specific objectives of the project are to: (1) measure and understand the production and partitioning of air toxics species for a variety of steam coals, (2) optimize the air toxics removal performance of conventional flue gas cleanup systems (ESPs, baghouses, scrubbers), (3) develop advanced air toxics emissions control concepts, (4) develop and validate air toxics emissions measurement and monitoring techniques, and (5) establish a comprehensive, self- consistent air toxics data library. Development work is currently concentrated on the capture of mercury, fine particulate, and a variety of inorganic species such as the acid gases (hydrogen chloride, hydrogen fluoride, etc.).

  9. Testing of a low-cost item monitoring system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frank, D.J.; Cunningham, K.R.; Hoover, C.E.; Trujillo, A.A.

    1988-01-01

    Material control is an important element of any security system which seeks to address the insider threat. Sandia has developed Wireless Alarm Transmission of Container Handling (WATCH) which is a remote sensor system that provides a low-cost, convenient way of monitoring item movement. Rockwell International/Rocky Flats Plant (RFP) and Sandia have conducted a long-term evaluation of the WATCH system in an operating production facility. Testing was conducted in a large scale, remote access storage vault for Special Nuclear Materials (SNM). A total of fourteen WATCH units were placed on storage containers in the vault. A schedule was established which provided prearranged movement of monitored containers on a regular basis. The test objectives were to determine (1) the feasibility of using the WATCH system technology to implement material control concepts, (2) the system performance in an active production area, and high radiation environment, (3) the sensitivity settings required for optimum system performance, and (4) the spatial resolution of the transmitter/receiver utilized.

  10. Testing of a low-cost item monitoring system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frank, D.J.; Cunningham, K.R.; Hoover, C.E.; Trujillo, A.A.

    1988-01-01

    Material control is an important element of any security system which seeks to address the insider threat. Sandia has developed Wireless Alarm Transmission of Container Handling (WATCH) which is a remote sensory system that provides a low-cost, convenient way of monitoring item movement. Rockwell International/Rocky Flats Plant (RFP) and Sandia have conducted a long-term evaluation of the WATCH system in an operating production facility. Testing was conducted in a large scale, remote access storage vault for Special Nuclear Materials (SNM). A total of fourteen WATCH units were placed on storage containers in the vault. A schedule was established which provided prearranged movement of monitored containers on a regular basis. The test objectives were to determine 1) the feasibility of using the WATCH system technology to implement material control concepts, 2) the system performance in an active production area, and high radiation environment, 3) the sensitivity settings required for optimum system performance, and 4) the spatial resolution of the transmitter/receiver utilized.

  11. Microsoft Word - Class 1 PMN_7_Items_9_30_15_Rev. 13

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    SEP 3 0 2015 Mr. John E. Kieling, Chief Hazardous Waste Bureau New Mexico Environment Department 2905 Rodeo Park Drive East, Building 1 Santa Fe, New Mexico 87505-6303 Subject: Class 1 Permit Modification Notifications to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Hazardous Waste Facility Permit Number: NM4890 139088-TSDF Dear Mr. Kieling: Enclosed is a Notification of Class 1 Permit Modifications for the following items: * Clarifications to Inspections of Liquid-Fueled Vehicles in Attachment E * Addition

  12. Microsoft Word - Class_1_6_Items_02_10_16

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    FEB 1 7 2016 Mr. John E. Kieling, Bureau Chief Hazardous Waste Bureau New Mexico Environment Department 2905 Rodeo Park Drive East, Building 1 Santa Fe, New Mexico 87505-6303 Subject: Class 1 Permit Modification Notifications to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Hazardous Waste Facility Permit Number: NM4890139088-TSDF Dear Mr. Kieling: Enclosed is a Notification of Class 1 Permit Modifications for the following items: * Technical Training Organizational Change * Descriptive Changes Regarding

  13. New casing for salt problems ''hot item''

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rountree, R.

    1983-10-01

    Operators in the Williston Basin indicate interest in the high performance casing, which is designed to resist collapse. Lone Star Steel Co. offers custom designed, high performance casing to withstand high pressures and H/sub 2/S encroachment. A number of companies will continue to evaluate the results of the casing programs that employ high performance pipe with considerable interest.

  14. OMB Control No.

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    300.3 (09-93) (All other editions are obsolete) OMB Control No. 1910-0500 OMB Burden Disclosure Statement on Page 4 U.S. Department of Energy Semi-Annual Summary Report of DOE-Owned Plant and Capital Equipment (P&CE) Contractor Name Address Location of Property (City, State) Contracting Office Contract No. Asset Type Code Beginning Balance As of No. of Items $ Acquisitions No. of Items $ Dispositions No. of Items $ Ending Balance As of No. of Items $ Total Plant and Capital Equipment 1 2 3 4

  15. SUMMARY OF FINAL RULES Item Subject FAR Case

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    SUMMARY OF FINAL RULES Item Subject FAR Case FAC 56-Miscellaneous I. Women-Owned Small Business Program 2010-015 II. Proper Use and Management of Cost-Reimbursement Contracts...

  16. Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-52 Item Subject FAR...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2009-039 V Oversight of Contractor Ethics Programs 2010-017 VI Technical Amendments ... Item V--Oversight of Contractor Ethics Programs (FAR Case 2010-017) This final rule ...

  17. Gathering total items count for pagination | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Gathering total items count for pagination Home > Groups > Utility Rate Hi I'm using the following base link plus some restrictions to sector, utility, and locations to poll for...

  18. LLNL line-item construction projects Master Site Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-04-15

    This interim submittal is an updated 1996 overview of the Master Plan based on the 1995 LLNL Site Development Plan, illustrating the future land use considerations, and the locations of proposed facilities as documented through the line item development process and keyed to the summary table. The following components in addition to the line-item proposals remain key elements in the implementation strategy of the Master Plan: personnel migration, revitalization, space reduction, classified core contraction, utility systems, and environmental restoration.

  19. Number | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Property:NumOfPlants Property:NumProdWells Property:NumRepWells Property:Number of Color Cameras Property:Number of Devices Deployed Property:Number of Plants included in...

  20. NSR Key Number Retrieval

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NSR Key Number Retrieval Pease enter key in the box Submit

  1. OMB Control Number: 1910-5165

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Enforcement Report to your site DOENNSA Contractor Human Resource Division (CHRD) Office. ... to: Office of Information Resources Management Policy, Plans, and Oversight, ...

  2. OMB Control Number: 1910-5165

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1910-5165 Expires: 01312018 SEMI-ANNUAL DAVIS-BACON ENFORCEMENT REPORT Please submit this form to DBAEnforcementReports@hq.doe.gov with a copy to EECBG@ee.doe.gov. This form is...

  3. OMB Control Number: 1910-5165

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1910-5165 Expires: 01312018 SEMI-ANNUAL DAVIS-BACON ENFORCEMENT REPORT For State Energy Grant and Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Recipients, please submit this...

  4. An Integrated RFID and Barcode Tagged Item Inventory System for Deployment at New Brunswick Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Younkin, James R; Kuhn, Michael J; Gradle, Colleen; Preston, Lynne; Thomas, Brigham B.; Laymance, Leesa K; Kuziel, Ron

    2012-01-01

    New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) has a numerous inventory containing thousands of plutonium and uranium certified reference materials. The current manual inventory process is well established but is a lengthy process which requires significant oversight and double checking to ensure correctness. Oak Ridge National Laboratory has worked with NBL to develop and deploy a new inventory system which utilizes handheld computers with barcode scanners and radio frequency identification (RFID) readers termed the Tagged Item Inventory System (TIIS). Certified reference materials are identified by labels which incorporate RFID tags and barcodes. The label printing process and RFID tag association process are integrated into the main desktop software application. Software on the handheld computers syncs with software on designated desktop machines and the NBL inventory database to provide a seamless inventory process. This process includes: 1) identifying items to be inventoried, 2) downloading the current inventory information to the handheld computer, 3) using the handheld to read item and location labels, and 4) syncing the handheld computer with a designated desktop machine to analyze the results, print reports, etc. The security of this inventory software has been a major concern. Designated roles linked to authenticated logins are used to control access to the desktop software while password protection and badge verification are used to control access to the handheld computers. The overall system design and deployment at NBL will be presented. The performance of the system will also be discussed with respect to a small piece of the overall inventory. Future work includes performing a full inventory at NBL with the Tagged Item Inventory System and comparing performance, cost, and radiation exposures to the current manual inventory process.

  5. Big Numbers | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Big Numbers Big Numbers May 16, 2011 This article has some numbers in it. In principle, numbers are just language, like English or Japanese. Nevertheless, it is true that not everyone is comfortable or facile with numbers and may be turned off by too many of them. To those people, I apologize that this article pays less attention to maximizing the readership than some I do. But sometimes it's just appropriate to indulge one's self, so here goes. When we discuss the performance of some piece of

  6. Determining importance and grading of items and activities for the Yucca Mountain Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeKlever, R.; Verna, B.

    1993-12-31

    Raytheon Services Nevada (RSN), in support of the Department of Energy`s (DOE) Yucca Mountain Project, has been responsible for the Title 2 designs of the initial structures, systems, and components for the Exploratory Studies Facility (ESF), and the creation of the design output documents for the Surface-Based Testing (SBT) programs. The ESF and SBT programs are major scientific contributors to the overall site characterization program which will determine the suitability of Yucca Mountain to contain a proposed High Level Nuclear Waste (HLNW) repository. Accurate, traceable and objective characterization and testing documentation that is germane to the protection of public health and safety, and the environment, and that satisfies all the requirements of 10 CFR Part 60(1), must be established, evaluated and accepted. To assure that these requirements are satisfied, specific design functions and products, including items and activities depicted within respective design output documents, are subjected to the requirements of an NRC and DOE-approved Quality Assurance (QA) program. An evaluation (classification) is applied to these items and activities to determine their importance to radiological safety (ITS) and waste isolation (ITWI). Subsequently, QA program controls are selected (grading) for the items and activities. RSN has developed a DOE-approved classification process that is based on probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) techniques and that uses accident/impact scenarios. Results from respective performance assessment and test interference evaluations are also integrated into the classification analyses for various items. The methodology and results of the RSN classification and grading processes, presented herein, relative to ESF and SBT design products, demonstrates a solid, defensible methodological basis for classification and grading.

  7. Method using a density field for locating related items for data mining

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wylie, Brian N.

    2002-01-01

    A method for locating related items in a geometric space transforms relationships among items to geometric locations. The method locates items in the geometric space so that the distance between items corresponds to the degree of relatedness. The method facilitates communication of the structure of the relationships among the items. The method makes use of numeric values as a measure of similarity between each pairing of items. The items are given initial coordinates in the space. An energy is then determined for each item from the item's distance and similarity to other items, and from the density of items assigned coordinates near the item. The distance and similarity component can act to draw items with high similarities close together, while the density component can act to force all items apart. If a terminal condition is not yet reached, then new coordinates can be determined for one or more items, and the energy determination repeated. The iteration can terminate, for example, when the total energy reaches a threshold, when each item's energy is below a threshold, after a certain amount of time or iterations.

  8. DOE Hosts Festival to Collect Items for Area Food Banks

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON, D.C. – Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman and a representative of the Capital Area Food Bank are among the guest speakers at an event this Tuesday, July 31, to collect food items for the DOE Feeds Families drive.

  9. California Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) California Natural Gas Number of Commercial ... Referring Pages: Number of Natural Gas Commercial Consumers California Number of Natural ...

  10. DOE/ID-Number

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    in the energy sector NSTB National SCADA Test Bed Common Cyber Security Vulnerabilities ... of the National Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) Test Bed (NSTB) program. ...

  11. DOE/ID-Number

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    ... greatest control on chemical and physical properties of both illite and smectite clays. ... U(VI) species predominant under these chemical solution conditions, as well as the ...

  12. U.S. Natural Gas Balancing Item (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Balancing Item (Million Cubic Feet) U.S. Natural Gas Balancing Item (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 634,809 -111,218 2000's -240,342 134,346 -13,339 -38,495 356,956 134,293 61,404 -196,323 33,472 -89,392 2010's 124,358 -130,108 -123,053 -15,729 -44,437 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release Date:

  13. Report number codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, R.N.

    1985-05-01

    This publication lists all report number codes processed by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information. The report codes are substantially based on the American National Standards Institute, Standard Technical Report Number (STRN)-Format and Creation Z39.23-1983. The Standard Technical Report Number (STRN) provides one of the primary methods of identifying a specific technical report. The STRN consists of two parts: The report code and the sequential number. The report code identifies the issuing organization, a specific program, or a type of document. The sequential number, which is assigned in sequence by each report issuing entity, is not included in this publication. Part I of this compilation is alphabetized by report codes followed by issuing installations. Part II lists the issuing organization followed by the assigned report code(s). In both Parts I and II, the names of issuing organizations appear for the most part in the form used at the time the reports were issued. However, for some of the more prolific installations which have had name changes, all entries have been merged under the current name.

  14. DOE/ID-Number

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A Summary of Control System Security Standards Activities in the Energy Sector October 2005 National SCADA Test Bed A Summary of Control System Security Standards Activities in the Energy Sector October 2005 Sandia National Laboratories Idaho National Laboratory Argonne National Laboratory Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability 2 iii ABSTRACT This document is a compilation of the activities and

  15. ALARA notes, Number 8

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khan, T.A.; Baum, J.W.; Beckman, M.C.

    1993-10-01

    This document contains information dealing with the lessons learned from the experience of nuclear plants. In this issue the authors tried to avoid the `tyranny` of numbers and concentrated on the main lessons learned. Topics include: filtration devices for air pollution abatement, crack repair and inspection, and remote handling equipment.

  16. SF6432-CI (02-01-12) Commercial Items

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2/01/12 Page 1 of 14 Printed copies of this document are uncontrolled. Retrieve latest version electronically. SANDIA CORPORATION SF 6432-CI (02/01/12) SECTION II STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COMMERCIAL ITEMS THE FOLLOWING CLAUSES APPLY TO THIS CONTRACT AS INDICATED UNLESS SPECIFICALLY DELETED, OR EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT THEY ARE SPECIFICALLY SUPPLEMENTED OR AMENDED IN WRITING IN THE COVER PAGE OR SECTION I. (CTRL+CLICK ON A LINK BELOW TO ADVANCE DIRECTLY TO THAT SECTION) ACCEPTANCE OF TERMS

  17. Apparatus and method for identification and recognition of an item with ultrasonic patterns from item subsurface micro-features

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Perkins, R.W.; Fuller, J.L.; Doctor, S.R.; Good, M.S.; Heasler, P.G.; Skorpik, J.R.; Hansen, N.H.

    1995-09-26

    The present invention is a means and method for identification and recognition of an item by ultrasonic imaging of material microfeatures and/or macrofeatures within the bulk volume of a material. The invention is based upon ultrasonic interrogation and imaging of material microfeatures within the body of material by accepting only reflected ultrasonic energy from a preselected plane or volume within the material. An initial interrogation produces an identification reference. Subsequent new scans are statistically compared to the identification reference for making a match/non-match decision. 15 figs.

  18. Apparatus and method for identification and recognition of an item with ultrasonic patterns from item subsurface micro-features

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Perkins, Richard W.; Fuller, James L.; Doctor, Steven R.; Good, Morris S.; Heasler, Patrick G.; Skorpik, James R.; Hansen, Norman H.

    1995-01-01

    The present invention is a means and method for identification and recognition of an item by ultrasonic imaging of material microfeatures and/or macrofeatures within the bulk volume of a material. The invention is based upon ultrasonic interrogation and imaging of material microfeatures within the body of material by accepting only reflected ultrasonic energy from a preselected plane or volume within the material. An initial interrogation produces an identification reference. Subsequent new scans are statistically compared to the identification reference for making a match/non-match decision.

  19. Method of locating related items in a geometric space for data mining

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hendrickson, Bruce A.

    1999-01-01

    A method for locating related items in a geometric space transforms relationships among items to geometric locations. The method locates items in the geometric space so that the distance between items corresponds to the degree of relatedness. The method facilitates communication of the structure of the relationships among the items. The method is especially beneficial for communicating databases with many items, and with non-regular relationship patterns. Examples of such databases include databases containing items such as scientific papers or patents, related by citations or keywords. A computer system adapted for practice of the present invention can include a processor, a storage subsystem, a display device, and computer software to direct the location and display of the entities. The method comprises assigning numeric values as a measure of similarity between each pairing of items. A matrix is constructed, based on the numeric values. The eigenvectors and eigenvalues of the matrix are determined. Each item is located in the geometric space at coordinates determined from the eigenvectors and eigenvalues. Proper construction of the matrix and proper determination of coordinates from eigenvectors can ensure that distance between items in the geometric space is representative of the numeric value measure of the items' similarity.

  20. Method of locating related items in a geometric space for data mining

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hendrickson, B.A.

    1999-07-27

    A method for locating related items in a geometric space transforms relationships among items to geometric locations. The method locates items in the geometric space so that the distance between items corresponds to the degree of relatedness. The method facilitates communication of the structure of the relationships among the items. The method is especially beneficial for communicating databases with many items, and with non-regular relationship patterns. Examples of such databases include databases containing items such as scientific papers or patents, related by citations or keywords. A computer system adapted for practice of the present invention can include a processor, a storage subsystem, a display device, and computer software to direct the location and display of the entities. The method comprises assigning numeric values as a measure of similarity between each pairing of items. A matrix is constructed, based on the numeric values. The eigenvectors and eigenvalues of the matrix are determined. Each item is located in the geometric space at coordinates determined from the eigenvectors and eigenvalues. Proper construction of the matrix and proper determination of coordinates from eigenvectors can ensure that distance between items in the geometric space is representative of the numeric value measure of the items' similarity. 12 figs.

  1. Modular redundant number systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-05-31

    With the increased use of public key cryptography, faster modular multiplication has become an important cryptographic issue. Almost all public key cryptography, including most elliptic curve systems, use modular multiplication. Modular multiplication, particularly for the large public key modulii, is very slow. Increasing the speed of modular multiplication is almost synonymous with increasing the speed of public key cryptography. There are two parts to modular multiplication: multiplication and modular reduction. Though there are fast methods for multiplying and fast methods for doing modular reduction, they do not mix well. Most fast techniques require integers to be in a special form. These special forms are not related and converting from one form to another is more costly than using the standard techniques. To this date it has been better to use the fast modular reduction technique coupled with standard multiplication. Standard modular reduction is much more costly than standard multiplication. Fast modular reduction (Montgomery`s method) reduces the reduction cost to approximately that of a standard multiply. Of the fast multiplication techniques, the redundant number system technique (RNS) is one of the most popular. It is simple, converting a large convolution (multiply) into many smaller independent ones. Not only do redundant number systems increase speed, but the independent parts allow for parallelization. RNS form implies working modulo another constant. Depending on the relationship between these two constants; reduction OR division may be possible, but not both. This paper describes a new technique using ideas from both Montgomery`s method and RNS. It avoids the formula problem and allows fast reduction and multiplication. Since RNS form is used throughout, it also allows the entire process to be parallelized.

  2. Dream controller

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cheng, George Shu-Xing; Mulkey, Steven L; Wang, Qiang; Chow, Andrew J

    2013-11-26

    A method and apparatus for intelligently controlling continuous process variables. A Dream Controller comprises an Intelligent Engine mechanism and a number of Model-Free Adaptive (MFA) controllers, each of which is suitable to control a process with specific behaviors. The Intelligent Engine can automatically select the appropriate MFA controller and its parameters so that the Dream Controller can be easily used by people with limited control experience and those who do not have the time to commission, tune, and maintain automatic controllers.

  3. Minnesota Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Minnesota Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 ...

  4. Minnesota Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Minnesota Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 ...

  5. Minnesota Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Minnesota Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 ...

  6. Connecticut Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Connecticut Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

  7. Connecticut Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Connecticut Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

  8. Maine Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Maine Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

  9. California Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) California Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 ...

  10. California Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) California Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 ...

  11. New Jersey Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) New Jersey Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

  12. Kentucky Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Kentucky Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

  13. Oregon Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Oregon Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

  14. Louisiana Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Louisiana Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

  15. Wyoming Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Wyoming Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

  16. New Hampshire Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) New Hampshire Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

  17. Nevada Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Nevada Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

  18. Maryland Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Maryland Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

  19. Massachusetts Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Massachusetts Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

  20. Michigan Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Michigan Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

  1. Ohio Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Ohio Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

  2. Mississippi Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Mississippi Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

  3. New York Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) New York Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

  4. Montana Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Montana Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

  5. Missouri Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Missouri Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

  6. Maine Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Maine Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

  7. North Carolina Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) North Carolina Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

  8. Pennsylvania Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Pennsylvania Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

  9. North Dakota Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) North Dakota Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

  10. Nebraska Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Nebraska Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

  11. Arizona Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Arizona Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

  12. Arizona Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Arizona Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

  13. DATA SHARING REPORT CHARACTERIZATION OF THE SURVEILLANCE AND MAINTENANCE PROJECT MISCELLANEOUS PROCESS INVENTORY WASTE ITEMS OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY, Oak Ridge TN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weaver, Phyllis C

    2013-12-12

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge Office of Environmental Management (EM-OR) requested Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU), working under the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) contract, to provide technical and independent waste management planning support under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). Specifically, DOE EM-OR requested ORAU to plan and implement a sampling and analysis campaign to target certain items associated with URS|CH2M Oak Ridge, LLC (UCOR) surveillance and maintenance (S&M) process inventory waste. Eight populations of historical and reoccurring S&M waste at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have been identified in the Waste Handling Plan for Surveillance and Maintenance Activities at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, DOE/OR/01-2565&D2 (WHP) (DOE 2012) for evaluation and processing for final disposal. This waste was generated during processing, surveillance, and maintenance activities associated with the facilities identified in the process knowledge (PK) provided in Appendix A. A list of items for sampling and analysis were generated from a subset of materials identified in the WHP populations (POPs) 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8, plus a small number of items not explicitly addressed by the WHP. Specifically, UCOR S&M project personnel identified 62 miscellaneous waste items that would require some level of evaluation to identify the appropriate pathway for disposal. These items are highly diverse, relative to origin; composition; physical description; contamination level; data requirements; and the presumed treatment, storage, and disposal facility (TSDF). Because of this diversity, ORAU developed a structured approach to address item-specific data requirements necessary for acceptance in a presumed TSDF that includes the Environmental Management Waste Management Facility (EMWMF)—using the approved Waste Lot (WL) 108.1 profile—the Y-12 Sanitary Landfill (SLF) if appropriate; EnergySolutions Clive; and the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) (ORAU 2013b). Finally, the evaluation of these wastes was more suited to a judgmental sampling approach rather than a statistical design, meaning data were collected for each individual item, thereby providing information for item-byitem disposition decisions. ORAU prepared a sampling and analysis plan (SAP) that outlined data collection strategies, methodologies, and analytical guidelines and requirements necessary for characterizing targeted items (ORAU 2013b). The SAP described an approach to collect samples that allowed evaluation as to whether or not the waste would be eligible for disposal at the EMWMF. If the waste was determined not to be eligible for EMWMF disposal, then there would be adequate information collected that would allow the waste to be profiled for one of the alternate TSDFs listed above.

  14. Consensus Action Items from CHP Roadmap Process, June 2001 | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Consensus Action Items from CHP Roadmap Process, June 2001 Consensus Action Items from CHP Roadmap Process, June 2001 This paper discusses three main objectives in the CHP roadmapping process: raising CHP awareness, eliminating regulatory and institutional barriers, and developing CHP markets and technologies. All levels of government are addressed including state, regional, and federal. PDF icon Consensus Action Items from 2001 CHP Roadmap.pdf More Documents & Publications

  15. Meeting Action Items and Highlights from the Bio-Derived Liquids...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) & Hydrogen Production Technical Team Research Review Meeting Action Items and Highlights from the Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed ...

  16. NQA-1 Requirements for Commercial Grade Item Acceptance: ICONE20-54738

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Valkenburg, Taunia S.; Holmes, Richard A.; Tepley, Daniel J.; Sandquist, Gary

    2012-07-19

    Objectives are: (1) Present the DOE Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Replacement (CMRR) Project Commercial Grade Item (CGI) Dedication Process; and (2) Present CMRR Project CGI Lessons-Learned.

  17. Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2010-01-01

    This special report examines an underlying cause of the seasonal pattern in the balancing item published in the Natural Gas Monthly.

  18. Doubles counting of highly multiplying items in reflective surroundings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Croft, Stephen; Evans, Louise G; Schear, Melissa A; Tobin, Stephen J

    2010-11-18

    When a neutrons are counted from a spontaneously fissile multiplying item in a reflecting environment the temporal behavior of the correlated signal following neutron birth is complex. At early times the signal is dominated by prompt fission events coming from spontaneous fission bursts and also from prompt fast-neutron induced fission events. At later times neutrons 'returning' from the surroundings induce fission and give rise to an additional chain of correlated events. The prompt and returning components probe the fissile and fertile constituents of the item in different ways and it is potentially beneficial to exploit this fact. In this work we look at how the two components can be represented using a linear combination of two simple functions. Fitting of the composite function to the capture time distribution represents one way of quantifying the proportion of each contribution. Another approach however is to use a dual shift register analysis where after each triggering event two coincidence gates are opened, one close to the trigger that responds preferentially to the prompt dynamics and one later in time which is more sensitive to the returning neutron induced events. To decide on the best gate positions and gate widths and also to estimate the counting precision we can use the analytical fit to work out the necessary gate utilization factors which are required in both these calculations. In this work, we develop the approach. Illustrative examples are given using spent Low Enriched Uranium (LEU) Pressurized light Water Reactor (LWR) fuel assemblies submersed in borated water and counted in a ring of {sup 3}He gas-filled proportional counters. In this case the prompt component is dominated by {sup 244}Cm spontaneous fission and induced fast neutron fission in for example {sup 238}U while the returning low energy neutrons induce fission mainly in the fissile nuclides such as {sup 239}Pu, {sup 241}Pu and {sup 235}U. One requirement is to calculate the Random Triggered Interrogation Gate Utilization Factor needed to make a priori precision estimates but not available from Monte Carlo simulation code MCNPX.

  19. Number

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    H. E, Stokinger Be: Trip Report - Mayvood Chemical Works A trip vas made Nednesday, August 24th vith Messrs. Robert W ilson and George Sprague to the Mayvood Chemical Forks, ...

  20. Verification Challenges at Low Numbers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benz, Jacob M.; Booker, Paul M.; McDonald, Benjamin S.

    2013-06-01

    Many papers have dealt with the political difficulties and ramifications of deep nuclear arms reductions, and the issues of “Going to Zero”. Political issues include extended deterrence, conventional weapons, ballistic missile defense, and regional and geo-political security issues. At each step on the road to low numbers, the verification required to ensure compliance of all parties will increase significantly. Looking post New START, the next step will likely include warhead limits in the neighborhood of 1000 . Further reductions will include stepping stones at1000 warheads, 100’s of warheads, and then 10’s of warheads before final elimination could be considered of the last few remaining warheads and weapons. This paper will focus on these three threshold reduction levels, 1000, 100’s, 10’s. For each, the issues and challenges will be discussed, potential solutions will be identified, and the verification technologies and chain of custody measures that address these solutions will be surveyed. It is important to note that many of the issues that need to be addressed have no current solution. In these cases, the paper will explore new or novel technologies that could be applied. These technologies will draw from the research and development that is ongoing throughout the national laboratory complex, and will look at technologies utilized in other areas of industry for their application to arms control verification.

  1. Hawaii Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Hawaii Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 27 26 29 2000's 28 28 29 29 29 28 26 27 27 25 2010's 24 24 22 22 23 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release Date: 5/31/2016 Referring Pages: Number of Natural Gas Industrial

  2. Alaska Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Alaska Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 10 11 8 1990's 8 8 10 11 11 9 202 7 7 9 2000's 9 8 9 9 10 12 11 11 6 3 2010's 3 5 3 3 1 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release Date: 5/31/2016 Referring Pages: Number of Natural Gas

  3. Greener Commercial A/C Units Becoming a Cool Item | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Greener Commercial A/C Units Becoming a Cool Item Greener Commercial A/C Units Becoming a Cool Item July 1, 2010 - 5:11pm Addthis Greener Commercial A/C Units Becoming a Cool Item Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE A new federal tax credit is helping McQuay International expand its line of energy-efficient HVAC products at two of its plants and bring back furloughed workers. With the help of a 48C manufacturing tax credit worth $2 million under the American

  4. Compendium of Experimental Cetane Numbers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yanowitz, J.; Ratcliff, M. A.; McCormick, R. L.; Taylor, J. D.; Murphy, M. J.

    2014-08-01

    This report is an updated version of the 2004 Compendium of Experimental Cetane Number Data and presents a compilation of measured cetane numbers for pure chemical compounds. It includes all available single compound cetane number data found in the scientific literature up until March 2014 as well as a number of unpublished values, most measured over the past decade at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. This Compendium contains cetane values for 389 pure compounds, including 189 hydrocarbons and 201 oxygenates. More than 250 individual measurements are new to this version of the Compendium. For many compounds, numerous measurements are included, often collected by different researchers using different methods. Cetane number is a relative ranking of a fuel's autoignition characteristics for use in compression ignition engines; it is based on the amount of time between fuel injection and ignition, also known as ignition delay. The cetane number is typically measured either in a single-cylinder engine or a constant volume combustion chamber. Values in the previous Compendium derived from octane numbers have been removed, and replaced with a brief analysis of the correlation between cetane numbers and octane numbers. The discussion on the accuracy and precision of the most commonly used methods for measuring cetane has been expanded and the data has been annotated extensively to provide additional information that will help the reader judge the relative reliability of individual results.

  5. Rhode Island Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Elements) Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Rhode Island Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 1,158 1,152 1,122 1990's 1,135 1,107 1,096 1,066 1,064 359 363 336 325 302 2000's 317 283 54 236 223 223 245 256 243 260 2010's 249 245 248 271 266 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release

  6. South Dakota Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Elements) Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) South Dakota Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 261 267 270 1990's 275 283 319 355 381 396 444 481 464 445 2000's 416 402 533 526 475 542 528 548 598 598 2010's 580 556 574 566 575 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016

  7. Utah Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Utah Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 551 627 550 1990's 1,508 631 783 345 252 713 923 3,379 3,597 3,625 2000's 3,576 3,535 949 924 312 191 274 278 313 293 2010's 293 286 302 323 328 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release

  8. Vermont Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Vermont Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 22 21 14 1990's 15 13 18 20 24 23 27 30 36 37 2000's 38 36 38 41 43 41 35 37 35 36 2010's 38 36 38 13 13 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release Date: 5/31/2016 Referring Pages:

  9. West Virginia Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Elements) Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) West Virginia Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 463 208 211 1990's 182 198 159 197 191 192 182 173 217 147 2000's 207 213 184 142 137 145 155 114 109 101 2010's 102 94 97 95 92 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next

  10. Arizona Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Arizona Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 358 344 354 1990's 526 532 532 526 519 530 534 480 514 555 2000's 526 504 488 450 414 425 439 395 383 390 2010's 368 371 379 383 386 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release Date:

  11. Delaware Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Delaware Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 241 233 235 1990's 240 243 248 249 252 253 250 265 257 264 2000's 297 316 182 184 186 179 170 185 165 112 2010's 114 129 134 138 141 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release Date:

  12. Florida Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Florida Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 575 552 460 1990's 452 377 388 433 481 515 517 561 574 573 2000's 520 518 451 421 398 432 475 467 449 607 2010's 581 630 507 528 520 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release Date:

  13. Idaho Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Idaho Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 219 132 64 1990's 62 65 66 75 144 167 183 189 203 200 2000's 217 198 194 191 196 195 192 188 199 187 2010's 184 178 179 183 189 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release Date: 5/31/2016

  14. Commercial Grade Item (CGI) Dedication for Leak Detection Relays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    KOCH, M.R.

    1999-10-26

    This Test Plan provides a test method to dedicate the leak detection relays used on the new Pumping and Instrumentation Control (PIC) skids. The new skids are fabricated on-site. The leak detection system is a safety class system per the Authorization Basis.

  15. Techniques for reducing error in the calorimetric measurement of low wattage items

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sedlacek, W.A.; Hildner, S.S.; Camp, K.L.; Cremers, T.L.

    1993-08-01

    The increased need for the measurement of low wattage items with production calorimeters has required the development of techniques to maximize the precision and accuracy of the calorimeter measurements. An error model for calorimetry measurements is presented. This model is used as a basis for optimizing calorimetry measurements through baseline interpolation. The method was applied to the heat measurement of over 100 items and the results compared to chemistry assay and mass spectroscopy.

  16. Departmental Business Instrument Numbering System

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2005-01-27

    The Order prescribes the procedures for assigning identifying numbers to all Department of Energy (DOE) and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) business instruments. Cancels DOE O 540.1. Canceled by DOE O 540.1B.

  17. Departmental Business Instrument Numbering System

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2000-12-05

    To prescribe procedures for assigning identifying numbers to all Department of Energy (DOE), including the National Nuclear Security Administration, business instruments. Cancels DOE 1331.2B. Canceled by DOE O 540.1A.

  18. Rhode Island Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Elements) Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Rhode Island Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 15,128 16,096 16,924 1990's 17,765 18,430 18,607 21,178 21,208 21,472 21,664 21,862 22,136 22,254 2000's 22,592 22,815 23,364 23,270 22,994 23,082 23,150 23,007 23,010 22,988 2010's 23,049 23,177 23,359 23,742 23,934 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W =

  19. Rhode Island Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Elements) Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Rhode Island Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 180,656 185,861 190,796 1990's 195,100 196,438 197,926 198,563 200,959 202,947 204,259 212,777 208,208 211,097 2000's 214,474 216,781 219,769 221,141 223,669 224,320 225,027 223,589 224,103 224,846 2010's 225,204 225,828 228,487 231,763 233,786 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not

  20. South Carolina Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Elements) Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) South Carolina Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 35,414 37,075 38,856 1990's 39,904 39,999 40,968 42,191 45,487 47,293 48,650 50,817 52,237 53,436 2000's 54,794 55,257 55,608 55,909 56,049 56,974 57,452 57,544 56,317 55,850 2010's 55,853 55,846 55,908 55,997 56,172 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W

  1. South Carolina Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Elements) Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) South Carolina Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 1,256 1,273 1,307 1990's 1,384 1,400 1,568 1,625 1,928 1,802 1,759 1,764 1,728 1,768 2000's 1,715 1,702 1,563 1,574 1,528 1,535 1,528 1,472 1,426 1,358 2010's 1,325 1,329 1,435 1,452 1,426 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid

  2. South Carolina Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Elements) Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) South Carolina Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 302,321 313,831 327,527 1990's 339,486 344,763 357,818 370,411 416,773 412,259 426,088 443,093 460,141 473,799 2000's 489,340 501,161 508,686 516,362 527,008 541,523 554,953 570,213 561,196 565,774 2010's 570,797 576,594 583,633 593,286 604,743 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not

  3. South Dakota Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Elements) Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) South Dakota Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 12,480 12,438 12,771 1990's 13,443 13,692 14,133 16,523 15,539 16,285 16,880 17,432 17,972 18,453 2000's 19,100 19,378 19,794 20,070 20,457 20,771 21,149 21,502 21,819 22,071 2010's 22,267 22,570 22,955 23,214 23,591 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W =

  4. South Dakota Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Elements) Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) South Dakota Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 101,468 102,084 103,538 1990's 105,436 107,846 110,291 128,029 119,544 124,152 127,269 130,307 133,095 136,789 2000's 142,075 144,310 147,356 150,725 148,105 157,457 160,481 163,458 165,694 168,096 2010's 169,838 170,877 173,856 176,204 179,042 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not

  5. Tennessee Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Tennessee Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 77,104 81,159 84,040 1990's 88,753 89,863 91,999 94,860 97,943 101,561 103,867 105,925 109,772 112,978 2000's 115,691 118,561 120,130 131,916 125,042 124,755 126,970 126,324 128,007 127,704 2010's 127,914 128,969 130,139 131,091 131,001 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available;

  6. Tennessee Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Tennessee Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 2,206 2,151 2,555 1990's 2,361 2,369 2,425 2,512 2,440 2,393 2,306 2,382 5,149 2,159 2000's 2,386 2,704 2,657 2,755 2,738 2,498 2,545 2,656 2,650 2,717 2010's 2,702 2,729 2,679 2,581 2,595 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual

  7. Tennessee Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Tennessee Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 534,882 565,856 599,042 1990's 627,031 661,105 696,140 733,363 768,421 804,724 841,232 867,793 905,757 937,896 2000's 969,537 993,363 1,009,225 1,022,628 1,037,429 1,049,307 1,063,328 1,071,756 1,084,102 1,083,573 2010's 1,085,387 1,089,009 1,084,726 1,094,122 1,106,681 - = No Data Reported; -- =

  8. Texas Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Texas Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 294,879 284,013 270,227 1990's 268,181 269,411 292,990 297,516 306,376 325,785 329,287 332,077 320,922 314,598 2000's 315,906 314,858 317,446 320,786 322,242 322,999 329,918 326,812 324,671 313,384 2010's 312,277 314,041 314,811 314,036 317,217 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  9. Texas Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Texas Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 4,852 4,427 13,383 1990's 13,659 13,770 5,481 5,823 5,222 9,043 8,796 5,339 5,318 5,655 2000's 11,613 10,047 9,143 9,015 9,359 9,136 8,664 11,063 5,568 8,581 2010's 8,779 8,713 8,953 8,525 8,406 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual

  10. Texas Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Texas Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 3,155,948 3,166,168 3,201,316 1990's 3,232,849 3,274,482 3,285,025 3,346,809 3,350,314 3,446,120 3,501,853 3,543,027 3,600,505 3,613,864 2000's 3,704,501 3,738,260 3,809,370 3,859,647 3,939,101 3,984,481 4,067,508 4,156,991 4,205,412 4,248,613 2010's 4,288,495 4,326,156 4,370,057 4,424,103 4,469,282 -

  11. Utah Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Utah Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 31,329 32,637 32,966 1990's 34,697 35,627 36,145 37,816 39,183 40,101 40,107 40,689 42,054 43,861 2000's 47,201 47,477 50,202 51,063 51,503 55,174 55,821 57,741 59,502 60,781 2010's 61,976 62,885 63,383 64,114 65,134 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid

  12. Utah Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Utah Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 414,020 418,569 432,377 1990's 453,023 455,649 467,664 484,438 503,583 523,622 562,343 567,786 588,364 609,603 2000's 641,111 657,728 660,677 678,833 701,255 743,761 754,554 778,644 794,880 810,442 2010's 821,525 830,219 840,687 854,389 869,052 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  13. Vermont Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Vermont Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 2,447 2,698 2,768 1990's 2,949 3,154 3,198 3,314 3,512 3,649 3,790 3,928 4,034 4,219 2000's 4,316 4,416 4,516 4,602 4,684 4,781 4,861 4,925 4,980 5,085 2010's 5,137 5,256 5,535 5,441 5,589 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual

  14. Vermont Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Vermont Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 15,553 16,616 16,920 1990's 18,300 19,879 20,468 21,553 22,546 23,523 24,383 25,539 26,664 27,931 2000's 28,532 29,463 30,108 30,856 31,971 33,015 34,081 34,937 35,929 37,242 2010's 38,047 38,839 39,917 41,152 42,231 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to

  15. Virginia Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Virginia Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 54,071 54,892 61,012 1990's 63,751 67,997 69,629 70,161 72,188 74,690 77,284 78,986 77,220 80,500 2000's 84,646 84,839 86,328 87,202 87,919 90,577 91,481 93,015 94,219 95,704 2010's 95,401 96,086 96,503 97,499 98,741 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid

  16. Virginia Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Virginia Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 877 895 895 1990's 929 1,156 1,101 2,706 2,740 2,812 2,822 2,391 2,469 2,984 2000's 1,749 1,261 1,526 1,517 1,217 1,402 1,256 1,271 1,205 1,126 2010's 1,059 1,103 1,132 1,132 1,123 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company

  17. Virginia Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Virginia Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 550,318 573,731 601,906 1990's 622,883 651,203 664,500 690,061 721,495 753,003 789,985 812,866 847,938 893,887 2000's 907,855 941,582 982,521 996,564 1,029,389 1,066,302 1,085,509 1,101,863 1,113,016 1,124,717 2010's 1,133,103 1,145,049 1,155,636 1,170,161 1,183,894 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not

  18. Washington Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Washington Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 51,365 56,487 55,231 1990's 58,148 60,887 63,391 65,810 68,118 70,781 73,708 75,550 77,770 80,995 2000's 83,189 84,628 85,286 87,082 93,559 92,417 93,628 95,615 97,799 98,965 2010's 99,231 99,674 100,038 100,939 101,730 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to

  19. Washington Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Washington Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 3,355 3,564 3,365 1990's 3,428 3,495 3,490 3,448 3,586 3,544 3,587 3,748 3,848 4,040 2000's 4,007 3,898 3,928 3,775 3,992 3,489 3,428 3,630 3,483 3,428 2010's 3,372 3,353 3,338 3,320 3,355 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual

  20. Washington Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Washington Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 392,469 413,008 425,624 1990's 458,013 492,189 528,913 565,475 604,315 638,603 673,357 702,701 737,208 779,104 2000's 813,319 841,617 861,943 895,800 926,510 966,199 997,728 1,025,171 1,047,319 1,059,239 2010's 1,067,979 1,079,277 1,088,762 1,102,318 1,118,193 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not

  1. West Virginia Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Elements) Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) West Virginia Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 31,283 33,192 33,880 1990's 32,785 32,755 33,289 33,611 33,756 36,144 33,837 33,970 35,362 35,483 2000's 41,949 35,607 35,016 35,160 34,932 36,635 34,748 34,161 34,275 34,044 2010's 34,063 34,041 34,078 34,283 34,339 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W

  2. West Virginia Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Elements) Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) West Virginia Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 351,024 349,765 349,347 1990's 349,673 350,489 352,463 352,997 352,929 353,629 358,049 362,432 359,783 362,292 2000's 360,471 363,126 361,171 359,919 358,027 374,301 353,292 347,433 347,368 343,837 2010's 344,131 342,069 340,256 340,102 338,652 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not

  3. Wisconsin Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Wisconsin Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 96,760 99,157 102,492 1990's 106,043 109,616 112,761 115,961 119,788 125,539 129,146 131,238 134,651 135,829 2000's 140,370 144,050 149,774 150,128 151,907 155,109 159,074 160,614 163,026 163,843 2010's 164,173 165,002 165,657 166,845 167,901 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  4. Wisconsin Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Wisconsin Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 7,411 7,218 7,307 1990's 7,154 7,194 7,396 7,979 7,342 6,454 5,861 8,346 9,158 9,756 2000's 9,630 9,864 9,648 10,138 10,190 8,484 5,707 5,999 5,969 6,396 2010's 6,413 6,376 6,581 6,677 7,000 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual

  5. Wisconsin Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Wisconsin Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 1,054,347 1,072,585 1,097,514 1990's 1,123,557 1,151,939 1,182,834 1,220,500 1,253,333 1,291,424 1,324,570 1,361,348 1,390,068 1,426,909 2000's 1,458,959 1,484,536 1,514,700 1,541,455 1,569,719 1,592,621 1,611,772 1,632,200 1,646,644 1,656,614 2010's 1,663,583 1,671,834 1,681,001 1,692,891

  6. Arkansas Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Arkansas Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 60 60,355 61,630 61,848 1990's 61,530 61,731 62,221 62,952 63,821 65,490 67,293 68,413 69,974 71,389 2000's 72,933 71,875 71,530 71,016 70,655 69,990 69,475 69,495 69,144 69,043 2010's 67,987 67,815 68,765 68,791 69,011 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to

  7. Arkansas Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Arkansas Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 1 1,410 1,151 1,412 1990's 1,396 1,367 1,319 1,364 1,417 1,366 1,488 1,336 1,300 1,393 2000's 1,414 1,122 1,407 1,269 1,223 1,120 1,120 1,055 1,104 1,025 2010's 1,079 1,133 990 1,020 1,009 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual

  8. Arkansas Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Arkansas Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 475 480,839 485,112 491,110 1990's 488,850 495,148 504,722 513,466 521,176 531,182 539,952 544,460 550,017 554,121 2000's 560,055 552,716 553,192 553,211 554,844 555,861 555,905 557,966 556,746 557,355 2010's 549,970 551,795 549,959 549,764 549,034 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA =

  9. Colorado Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Colorado Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 108 109,770 110,769 112,004 1990's 112,661 113,945 114,898 115,924 115,994 118,502 121,221 123,580 125,178 129,041 2000's 131,613 134,393 136,489 138,621 138,543 137,513 139,746 141,420 144,719 145,624 2010's 145,460 145,837 145,960 150,145 150,235 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  10. Colorado Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Colorado Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 1 896 923 976 1990's 1,018 1,074 1,108 1,032 1,176 1,528 2,099 2,923 3,349 4,727 2000's 4,994 4,729 4,337 4,054 4,175 4,318 4,472 4,592 4,816 5,084 2010's 6,232 6,529 6,906 7,293 7,823 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual

  11. Colorado Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Colorado Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 925 942,571 955,810 970,512 1990's 983,592 1,002,154 1,022,542 1,044,699 1,073,308 1,108,899 1,147,743 1,183,978 1,223,433 1,265,032 2000's 1,315,619 1,365,413 1,412,923 1,453,974 1,496,876 1,524,813 1,558,911 1,583,945 1,606,602 1,622,434 2010's 1,634,587 1,645,716 1,659,808 1,672,312 1,690,581 -

  12. Connecticut Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Connecticut Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 2 2,709 2,818 2,908 1990's 3,061 2,921 2,923 2,952 3,754 3,705 3,435 3,459 3,441 3,465 2000's 3,683 3,881 3,716 3,625 3,470 3,437 3,393 3,317 3,196 3,138 2010's 3,063 3,062 3,148 4,454 4,217 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of

  13. Delaware Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Delaware Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 6 6,180 6,566 7,074 1990's 7,485 7,895 8,173 8,409 8,721 9,133 9,518 9,807 10,081 10,441 2000's 9,639 11,075 11,463 11,682 11,921 12,070 12,345 12,576 12,703 12,839 2010's 12,861 12,931 12,997 13,163 13,352 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid

  14. Delaware Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Delaware Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 81 82,829 84,328 86,428 1990's 88,894 91,467 94,027 96,914 100,431 103,531 106,548 109,400 112,507 115,961 2000's 117,845 122,829 126,418 129,870 133,197 137,115 141,276 145,010 147,541 149,006 2010's 150,458 152,005 153,307 155,627 158,502 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  15. Florida Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Florida Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 41 42,376 43,178 43,802 1990's 43,674 45,012 45,123 47,344 47,851 46,459 47,578 48,251 46,778 50,052 2000's 50,888 53,118 53,794 55,121 55,324 55,479 55,259 57,320 58,125 59,549 2010's 60,854 61,582 63,477 64,772 67,460 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to

  16. Florida Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Florida Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 442 444,848 446,690 452,544 1990's 457,648 467,221 471,863 484,816 497,777 512,365 521,674 532,790 542,770 556,628 2000's 571,972 590,221 603,690 617,373 639,014 656,069 673,122 682,996 679,265 674,090 2010's 675,551 679,199 686,994 694,210 703,535 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  17. Georgia Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Georgia Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 94 98,809 102,277 106,690 1990's 108,295 109,659 111,423 114,889 117,980 120,122 123,200 123,367 126,050 225,020 2000's 128,275 130,373 128,233 129,867 128,923 128,389 127,843 127,832 126,804 127,347 2010's 124,759 123,454 121,243 126,060 122,573 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  18. Georgia Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Georgia Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 3 3,034 3,144 3,079 1990's 3,153 3,124 3,186 3,302 3,277 3,261 3,310 3,310 3,262 5,580 2000's 3,294 3,330 3,219 3,326 3,161 3,543 3,053 2,913 2,890 2,254 2010's 2,174 2,184 2,112 2,242 2,481 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual

  19. Georgia Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Georgia Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 1,190 1,237,201 1,275,128 1,308,972 1990's 1,334,935 1,363,723 1,396,860 1,430,626 1,460,141 1,495,992 1,538,458 1,553,948 1,659,730 1,732,865 2000's 1,680,749 1,737,850 1,735,063 1,747,017 1,752,346 1,773,121 1,726,239 1,793,650 1,791,256 1,744,934 2010's 1,740,587 1,740,006 1,739,543 1,805,425

  20. Hawaii Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Hawaii Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 2,896 2,852 2,842 1990's 2,837 2,786 2,793 3,222 2,805 2,825 2,823 2,783 2,761 2,763 2000's 2,768 2,777 2,781 2,804 2,578 2,572 2,548 2,547 2,540 2,535 2010's 2,551 2,560 2,545 2,627 2,789 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual

  1. Hawaii Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Hawaii Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 28,502 28,761 28,970 1990's 29,137 29,701 29,805 29,984 30,614 30,492 31,017 30,990 30,918 30,708 2000's 30,751 30,794 30,731 30,473 26,255 26,219 25,982 25,899 25,632 25,466 2010's 25,389 25,305 25,184 26,374 28,919 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid

  2. Idaho Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Idaho Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 17,482 18,454 18,813 1990's 19,452 20,328 21,145 21,989 22,999 24,150 25,271 26,436 27,697 28,923 2000's 30,018 30,789 31,547 32,274 33,104 33,362 33,625 33,767 37,320 38,245 2010's 38,506 38,912 39,202 39,722 40,229 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid

  3. Idaho Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Idaho Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 104,824 111,532 113,898 1990's 113,954 126,282 136,121 148,582 162,971 175,320 187,756 200,165 213,786 227,807 2000's 240,399 251,004 261,219 274,481 288,380 301,357 316,915 323,114 336,191 342,277 2010's 346,602 350,871 353,963 359,889 367,394 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  4. Illinois Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Illinois Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 241,367 278,473 252,791 1990's 257,851 261,107 263,988 268,104 262,308 264,756 265,007 268,841 271,585 274,919 2000's 279,179 278,506 279,838 281,877 273,967 276,763 300,606 296,465 298,418 294,226 2010's 291,395 293,213 297,523 282,743 294,391 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  5. Illinois Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Illinois Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 19,460 20,015 25,161 1990's 25,991 26,489 27,178 27,807 25,788 25,929 29,493 28,472 28,063 27,605 2000's 27,348 27,421 27,477 26,698 29,187 29,887 26,109 24,000 23,737 23,857 2010's 25,043 23,722 23,390 23,804 23,829 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid

  6. Illinois Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Illinois Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 3,170,364 3,180,199 3,248,117 1990's 3,287,091 3,320,285 3,354,679 3,388,983 3,418,052 3,452,975 3,494,545 3,521,707 3,556,736 3,594,071 2000's 3,631,762 3,670,693 3,688,281 3,702,308 3,754,132 3,975,961 3,812,121 3,845,441 3,869,308 3,839,438 2010's 3,842,206 3,855,942 3,878,806 3,838,120

  7. Indiana Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Indiana Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 116,571 119,458 122,803 1990's 124,919 128,223 129,973 131,925 134,336 137,162 139,097 140,515 141,307 145,631 2000's 148,411 148,830 150,092 151,586 151,943 159,649 154,322 155,885 157,223 155,615 2010's 156,557 161,293 158,213 158,965 159,596 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  8. Indiana Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Indiana Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 5,497 5,696 6,196 1990's 6,439 6,393 6,358 6,508 6,314 6,250 6,586 6,920 6,635 19,069 2000's 10,866 9,778 10,139 8,913 5,368 5,823 5,350 5,427 5,294 5,190 2010's 5,145 5,338 5,204 5,178 5,098 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual

  9. Indiana Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Indiana Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 1,250,476 1,275,401 1,306,747 1990's 1,327,772 1,358,640 1,377,023 1,402,770 1,438,483 1,463,640 1,489,647 1,509,142 1,531,914 1,570,253 2000's 1,604,456 1,613,373 1,657,640 1,644,715 1,588,738 1,707,195 1,661,186 1,677,857 1,678,158 1,662,663 2010's 1,669,026 1,707,148 1,673,132 1,681,841 1,693,267

  10. Iowa Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Iowa Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 80,797 81,294 82,549 1990's 83,047 84,387 85,325 86,452 86,918 88,585 89,663 90,643 91,300 92,306 2000's 93,836 95,485 96,496 96,712 97,274 97,767 97,823 97,979 98,144 98,416 2010's 98,396 98,541 99,113 99,017 99,182 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid

  11. Iowa Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Iowa Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 2,033 1,937 1,895 1990's 1,883 1,866 1,835 1,903 1,957 1,957 2,066 1,839 1,862 1,797 2000's 1,831 1,830 1,855 1,791 1,746 1,744 1,670 1,651 1,652 1,626 2010's 1,528 1,465 1,469 1,491 1,572 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual

  12. Iowa Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Iowa Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 690,532 689,655 701,687 1990's 706,842 716,088 729,081 740,722 750,678 760,848 771,109 780,746 790,162 799,015 2000's 812,323 818,313 824,218 832,230 839,415 850,095 858,915 865,553 872,980 875,781 2010's 879,713 883,733 892,123 895,414 900,420 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  13. Kansas Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Kansas Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 82,934 83,810 85,143 1990's 85,539 86,874 86,840 87,735 86,457 88,163 89,168 85,018 89,654 86,003 2000's 87,007 86,592 87,397 88,030 86,640 85,634 85,686 85,376 84,703 84,715 2010's 84,446 84,874 84,673 84,969 85,867 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid

  14. Kansas Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Kansas Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 4,440 4,314 4,366 1990's 4,357 3,445 3,296 4,369 3,560 3,079 2,988 7,014 10,706 5,861 2000's 8,833 9,341 9,891 9,295 8,955 8,300 8,152 8,327 8,098 7,793 2010's 7,664 7,954 7,970 7,877 7,429 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual

  15. Kansas Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Kansas Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 725,676 733,101 731,792 1990's 747,081 753,839 762,545 777,658 773,357 797,524 804,213 811,975 841,843 824,803 2000's 833,662 836,486 843,353 850,464 855,272 856,761 862,203 858,304 853,125 855,454 2010's 853,842 854,730 854,800 858,572 861,092 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  16. New Hampshire Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Elements) Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) New Hampshire Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 8,831 9,159 10,237 1990's 10,521 11,088 11,383 11,726 12,240 12,450 12,755 13,225 13,512 13,932 2000's 14,219 15,068 15,130 15,047 15,429 16,266 16,139 16,150 41,332 16,937 2010's 16,645 17,186 17,758 17,298 17,421 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W =

  17. New Hampshire Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Elements) Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) New Hampshire Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 60,078 61,969 64,059 1990's 65,310 67,991 69,356 70,938 72,656 74,232 75,175 77,092 78,786 80,958 2000's 82,813 84,760 87,147 88,170 88,600 94,473 94,600 94,963 67,945 96,924 2010's 95,361 97,400 99,738 98,715 99,146 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available;

  18. North Carolina Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Elements) Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) North Carolina Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 56,191 60,663 63,562 1990's 68,088 70,207 72,647 76,386 80,739 84,041 93,504 97,629 100,251 104,294 2000's 107,566 107,656 102,505 107,506 105,163 109,205 111,127 112,092 111,868 113,630 2010's 113,900 115,609 117,155 118,257 120,111 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA =

  19. North Carolina Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Elements) Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) North Carolina Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 435,826 472,928 492,821 1990's 520,140 539,321 575,096 607,388 652,307 678,147 699,159 740,013 777,805 815,908 2000's 858,004 891,227 905,816 953,732 948,283 992,906 1,022,430 1,063,871 1,095,362 1,102,001 2010's 1,115,532 1,128,963 1,142,947 1,161,398 1,183,152 - = No Data

  20. North Dakota Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Elements) Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) North Dakota Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 11,905 12,104 12,454 1990's 12,742 12,082 12,353 12,650 12,944 13,399 13,789 14,099 14,422 15,050 2000's 15,531 15,740 16,093 16,202 16,443 16,518 16,848 17,013 17,284 17,632 2010's 17,823 18,421 19,089 19,855 20,687 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W =

  1. North Dakota Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Elements) Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) North Dakota Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 83,517 84,059 84,643 1990's 85,646 87,880 89,522 91,237 93,398 95,818 97,761 98,326 101,930 104,051 2000's 105,660 106,758 108,716 110,048 112,206 114,152 116,615 118,100 120,056 122,065 2010's 123,585 125,392 130,044 133,975 137,972 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA =

  2. Ohio Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Ohio Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 213,601 219,257 225,347 1990's 233,075 236,519 237,861 240,684 245,190 250,223 259,663 254,991 258,076 266,102 2000's 269,561 269,327 271,160 271,203 272,445 277,767 270,552 272,555 272,899 270,596 2010's 268,346 268,647 267,793 269,081 269,758 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  3. Ohio Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Ohio Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 2,648,972 2,678,838 2,714,839 1990's 2,766,912 2,801,716 2,826,713 2,867,959 2,921,536 2,967,375 2,994,891 3,041,948 3,050,960 3,111,108 2000's 3,178,840 3,195,584 3,208,466 3,225,908 3,250,068 3,272,307 3,263,062 3,273,791 3,262,716 3,253,184 2010's 3,240,619 3,236,160 3,244,274 3,271,074 3,283,869 -

  4. Oklahoma Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Oklahoma Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 87,824 86,666 86,172 1990's 85,790 86,744 87,120 88,181 87,494 88,358 89,852 90,284 89,711 80,986 2000's 80,558 79,045 80,029 79,733 79,512 78,726 78,745 93,991 94,247 94,314 2010's 92,430 93,903 94,537 95,385 96,004 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid

  5. Oklahoma Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Oklahoma Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 2,772 2,689 2,877 1990's 2,889 2,840 2,859 2,912 2,853 2,845 2,843 2,531 3,295 3,040 2000's 2,821 3,403 3,438 3,367 3,283 2,855 2,811 2,822 2,920 2,618 2010's 2,731 2,733 2,872 2,958 3,063 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual

  6. Oklahoma Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Oklahoma Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 809,171 805,107 806,875 1990's 814,296 824,172 832,677 842,130 845,448 856,604 866,531 872,454 877,236 867,922 2000's 859,951 868,314 875,338 876,420 875,271 880,403 879,589 920,616 923,650 924,745 2010's 914,869 922,240 927,346 931,981 937,237 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  7. Oregon Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Oregon Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 40,967 41,998 43,997 1990's 47,175 55,374 50,251 51,910 53,700 55,409 57,613 60,419 63,085 65,034 2000's 66,893 68,098 69,150 74,515 71,762 73,520 74,683 80,998 76,868 76,893 2010's 77,370 77,822 78,237 79,276 80,480 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid

  8. Oregon Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Oregon Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 280,670 288,066 302,156 1990's 326,177 376,166 354,256 371,151 391,845 411,465 433,638 456,960 477,796 502,000 2000's 523,952 542,799 563,744 625,398 595,495 626,685 647,635 664,455 674,421 675,582 2010's 682,737 688,681 693,507 700,211 707,010 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  9. Pennsylvania Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Elements) Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Pennsylvania Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 166,901 172,615 178,545 1990's 186,772 191,103 193,863 198,299 206,812 209,245 214,340 215,057 216,519 223,732 2000's 228,037 225,911 226,957 227,708 231,051 233,132 231,540 234,597 233,462 233,334 2010's 233,751 233,588 235,049 237,922 239,681 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not

  10. Pennsylvania Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Elements) Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Pennsylvania Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 2,237,877 2,271,801 2,291,242 1990's 2,311,795 2,333,377 2,363,575 2,386,249 2,393,053 2,413,715 2,431,909 2,452,524 2,493,639 2,486,704 2000's 2,519,794 2,542,724 2,559,024 2,572,584 2,591,458 2,600,574 2,605,782 2,620,755 2,631,340 2,635,886 2010's 2,646,211 2,667,392 2,678,547

  11. Kentucky Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Kentucky Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 63,024 63,971 65,041 1990's 67,086 68,461 69,466 71,998 73,562 74,521 76,079 77,693 80,147 80,283 2000's 81,588 81,795 82,757 84,110 84,493 85,243 85,236 85,210 84,985 83,862 2010's 84,707 84,977 85,129 85,999 85,318 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid

  12. Kentucky Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Kentucky Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 596,320 606,106 614,058 1990's 624,477 633,942 644,281 654,664 668,774 685,481 696,989 713,509 726,960 735,371 2000's 744,816 749,106 756,234 763,290 767,022 770,080 770,171 771,047 753,531 754,761 2010's 758,129 759,584 757,790 761,575 760,131 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  13. Louisiana Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Louisiana Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 67,382 66,472 64,114 1990's 62,770 61,574 61,030 62,055 62,184 62,930 62,101 62,270 63,029 62,911 2000's 62,710 62,241 62,247 63,512 60,580 58,409 57,097 57,127 57,066 58,396 2010's 58,562 58,749 63,381 59,147 58,611 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to

  14. Louisiana Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Louisiana Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 952,079 946,970 934,472 1990's 934,007 936,423 940,403 941,294 945,387 957,558 945,967 962,786 962,436 961,925 2000's 964,133 952,753 957,048 958,795 940,400 905,857 868,353 879,612 886,084 889,570 2010's 893,400 897,513 963,688 901,635 899,378 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  15. Maine Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Maine Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 3,435 3,731 3,986 1990's 4,250 4,455 4,838 4,979 5,297 5,819 6,414 6,606 6,662 6,582 2000's 6,954 6,936 7,375 7,517 7,687 8,178 8,168 8,334 8,491 8,815 2010's 9,084 9,681 10,179 11,415 11,810 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual

  16. Maryland Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Maryland Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 51,252 53,045 54,740 1990's 55,576 61,878 62,858 63,767 64,698 66,094 69,991 69,056 67,850 69,301 2000's 70,671 70,691 71,824 72,076 72,809 73,780 74,584 74,856 75,053 75,771 2010's 75,192 75,788 75,799 77,117 77,846 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid

  17. Maryland Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Maryland Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 755,294 760,754 767,219 1990's 774,707 782,373 894,677 807,204 824,137 841,772 871,012 890,195 901,455 939,029 2000's 941,384 959,772 978,319 987,863 1,009,455 1,024,955 1,040,941 1,053,948 1,057,521 1,067,807 2010's 1,071,566 1,077,168 1,078,978 1,099,272 1,101,292 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not

  18. Massachusetts Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Elements) Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Massachusetts Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 84,636 93,005 92,252 1990's 85,775 88,746 85,873 102,187 92,744 104,453 105,889 107,926 108,832 113,177 2000's 117,993 120,984 122,447 123,006 125,107 120,167 126,713 128,965 242,693 153,826 2010's 144,487 138,225 142,825 144,246 139,556 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable;

  19. Massachusetts Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Elements) Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Massachusetts Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 1,082,777 1,100,635 1,114,920 1990's 1,118,429 1,127,536 1,137,911 1,155,443 1,179,869 1,180,860 1,188,317 1,204,494 1,212,486 1,232,887 2000's 1,278,781 1,283,008 1,295,952 1,324,715 1,306,142 1,297,508 1,348,848 1,361,470 1,236,480 1,370,353 2010's 1,389,592 1,408,314 1,447,947

  20. Michigan Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Michigan Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 178,469 185,961 191,474 1990's 195,766 198,890 201,561 204,453 207,629 211,817 214,843 222,726 224,506 227,159 2000's 230,558 225,109 247,818 246,123 246,991 253,415 254,923 253,139 252,382 252,017 2010's 249,309 249,456 249,994 250,994 253,127 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  1. Michigan Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Michigan Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 2,452,554 2,491,149 2,531,304 1990's 2,573,570 2,609,561 2,640,579 2,677,085 2,717,683 2,767,190 2,812,876 2,859,483 2,903,698 2,949,628 2000's 2,999,737 3,011,205 3,110,743 3,140,021 3,161,370 3,187,583 3,193,920 3,188,152 3,172,623 3,169,026 2010's 3,152,468 3,153,895 3,161,033 3,180,349

  2. Mississippi Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Mississippi Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 43,362 44,170 44,253 1990's 43,184 43,693 44,313 45,310 43,803 45,444 46,029 47,311 45,345 47,620 2000's 50,913 51,109 50,468 50,928 54,027 54,936 55,741 56,155 55,291 50,713 2010's 50,537 50,636 50,689 50,153 50,238 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to

  3. Mississippi Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Elements) Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Mississippi Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 370,094 372,238 376,353 1990's 382,251 386,264 392,155 398,472 405,312 415,123 418,442 423,397 415,673 426,352 2000's 434,501 438,069 435,146 438,861 445,212 445,856 437,669 445,043 443,025 437,715 2010's 436,840 442,479 442,840 445,589 444,423 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not

  4. Missouri Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Missouri Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 96,711 97,939 99,721 1990's 105,164 117,675 125,174 125,571 132,378 130,318 133,445 135,553 135,417 133,464 2000's 133,969 135,968 137,924 140,057 141,258 142,148 143,632 142,965 141,529 140,633 2010's 138,670 138,214 144,906 142,495 143,024 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  5. Missouri Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Missouri Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 1,180,546 1,194,985 1,208,523 1990's 1,213,305 1,211,342 1,220,203 1,225,921 1,281,007 1,259,102 1,275,465 1,293,032 1,307,563 1,311,865 2000's 1,324,282 1,326,160 1,340,726 1,343,614 1,346,773 1,348,743 1,353,892 1,354,173 1,352,015 1,348,781 2010's 1,348,549 1,342,920 1,389,910 1,357,740

  6. Montana Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Montana Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 21,382 22,246 22,219 1990's 23,331 23,185 23,610 24,373 25,349 26,329 26,374 27,457 28,065 28,424 2000's 29,215 29,429 30,250 30,814 31,357 31,304 31,817 32,472 33,008 33,731 2010's 34,002 34,305 34,504 34,909 35,205 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid

  7. Montana Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Montana Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 167,883 171,785 171,156 1990's 174,384 177,726 182,641 188,879 194,357 203,435 205,199 209,806 218,851 222,114 2000's 224,784 226,171 229,015 232,839 236,511 240,554 245,883 247,035 253,122 255,472 2010's 257,322 259,046 259,957 262,122 265,849 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  8. Nebraska Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Nebraska Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 60,707 61,365 60,377 1990's 60,405 60,947 61,319 60,599 62,045 61,275 61,117 51,661 63,819 53,943 2000's 55,194 55,692 56,560 55,999 57,087 57,389 56,548 55,761 58,160 56,454 2010's 56,246 56,553 56,608 58,005 57,191 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid

  9. Nebraska Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Nebraska Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 400,218 403,657 406,723 1990's 407,094 413,354 418,611 413,358 428,201 427,720 439,931 444,970 523,790 460,173 2000's 475,673 476,275 487,332 492,451 497,391 501,279 499,504 494,005 512,013 512,551 2010's 510,776 514,481 515,338 527,397 522,408 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  10. Nevada Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Nevada Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 18,294 18,921 19,924 1990's 20,694 22,124 22,799 23,207 24,521 25,593 26,613 27,629 29,030 30,521 2000's 31,789 32,782 33,877 34,590 35,792 37,093 38,546 40,128 41,098 41,303 2010's 40,801 40,944 41,192 41,710 42,338 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid

  11. Nevada Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Nevada Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 213,422 219,981 236,237 1990's 256,119 283,307 295,714 305,099 336,353 364,112 393,783 426,221 458,737 490,029 2000's 520,233 550,850 580,319 610,756 648,551 688,058 726,772 750,570 758,315 760,391 2010's 764,435 772,880 782,759 794,150 808,970 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  12. Alabama Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Alabama Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 53 54,306 55,400 56,822 1990's 56,903 57,265 58,068 57,827 60,320 60,902 62,064 65,919 76,467 64,185 2000's 66,193 65,794 65,788 65,297 65,223 65,294 66,337 65,879 65,313 67,674 2010's 68,163 67,696 67,252 67,136 67,806 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to

  13. Alabama Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Alabama Natural Gas Number of Industrial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 2 2,313 2,293 2,380 1990's 2,431 2,523 2,509 2,458 2,477 2,491 2,512 2,496 2,464 2,620 2000's 2,792 2,781 2,730 2,743 2,799 2,787 2,735 2,704 2,757 3,057 2010's 3,039 2,988 3,045 3,143 3,244 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual

  14. Alabama Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Alabama Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 656 662,217 668,432 683,528 1990's 686,149 700,195 711,043 730,114 744,394 751,890 766,322 781,711 788,464 775,311 2000's 805,689 807,770 806,389 809,754 806,660 809,454 808,801 796,476 792,236 785,005 2010's 778,985 772,892 767,396 765,957 769,418 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  15. Alaska Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Alaska Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 11 11,484 11,649 11,806 1990's 11,921 12,071 12,204 12,359 12,475 12,584 12,732 12,945 13,176 13,409 2000's 13,711 14,002 14,342 14,502 13,999 14,120 14,384 13,408 12,764 13,215 2010's 12,998 13,027 13,133 13,246 13,399 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to

  16. Alaska Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Alaska Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 66 67,648 68,612 69,540 1990's 70,808 72,565 74,268 75,842 77,670 79,474 81,348 83,596 86,243 88,924 2000's 91,297 93,896 97,077 100,404 104,360 108,401 112,269 115,500 119,039 120,124 2010's 121,166 121,736 122,983 124,411 126,416 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W =

  17. Wyoming Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Wyoming Natural Gas Number of Commercial Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 15,342 15,093 14,012 1990's 13,767 14,931 15,064 15,315 15,348 15,580 17,036 15,907 16,171 16,317 2000's 16,366 16,027 16,170 17,164 17,490 17,904 18,016 18,062 19,286 19,843 2010's 19,977 20,146 20,387 20,617 20,894 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid

  18. Wyoming Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Wyoming Natural Gas Number of Residential Consumers (Number of Elements) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 113,175 112,126 113,129 1990's 113,598 113,463 114,793 116,027 117,385 119,544 131,910 125,740 127,324 127,750 2000's 129,274 129,897 133,445 135,441 137,434 140,013 142,385 143,644 152,439 153,062 2010's 153,852 155,181 157,226 158,889 160,896 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  19. RL-721 REV7 I. Project Title: NEPA REVIEW SCREENING FORM Document ID Number:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    5, Rev 2 MSA Annual Categorical Exclusion for Polychlorinated Biphenyl Removal under 10 CFR 1021, Subpart D, Appendix B, Bl.l7 for Calendar Year 2015. II. Project Description and Location (including Time Period over which proposed action will occur and Project Dimensions -e.g., acres displaced/disturbed, excavation length/depth, area/location/number of buildings, etc.): Mission Support Alliance (MSA) and its subcontractors perform removal of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB)-containing items

  20. RL-721 REV? I. Project Title: NEPA REVIEW SCREENING FORM Document ID Number:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    5, Rev 1 MSA Annual Categorical Exclusion for Polychlorinated Biphenyl Removal under 10 CFR 1021, Subpart D, Appendix B, Bl.l7 for Calendar Year 2014 II. Project Description and Location (including Time Period over which proposed action will occur and Project Dimensions -e.g., acres displaced/disturbed, excavation length/depth, area/location/number of buildings, etc.): Mission Support Alliance (MSA) and its subcontractors perform removal of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB)-containing items

  1. STATEMENT AND ACKNOWLEDGMENT OMB Control Number: 9000-0014

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Contract Work Hours and Safety Standards Act - Overtime Compensation (If included in prime contract see Block 6) Payrolls and Basic Records Withholding of Funds Disputes...

  2. Safeguard Application Options for the Laser-Based Item Monitoring System (LBIMS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laughter, Mark D

    2008-10-01

    Researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) are developing a Laser-Based Item Monitoring System (LBIMS) for advanced safeguards at nuclear facilities. LBIMS uses a low-power laser transceiver to monitor the presence and position of items with retroreflective tags. The primary advantages of LBIMS are its scalability to continuously monitor a wide range of items, its ability to operate unattended, its low cost of implementation, and its inherent information security due to its line-of-sight and non-broadcasting operation. The primary proposed safeguard application of LBIMS is described in its name: item monitoring. LBIMS could be implemented in a storage area to continuously monitor containers of nuclear material and the area in which they are stored. The system could be configured to provide off-site notification if any of the containers are moved or removed or if the area is accessed. Individual tags would be used to monitor storage containers, and additional tags could be used to record information regarding secondary storage units and room access. The capability to register small changes in tag position opens up the possibility of several other uses. These include continuously monitoring piping arrangements for design information verification or recording equipment positions for other safeguards systems, such as tracking the opening and closing of autoclaves as part of a cylinder tracking system or opening and closing valves on a sample or product take-off line. Combined with attribute tags, which transmit information from any kind of sensor by modulating the laser signal, LBIMS provides the capability to wirelessly and securely collect safeguards data, even in areas where radio-frequency or other wireless communication methods are not practicable. Four application types are described in this report: static item monitoring, in-process item monitoring with trigger tags, multi-layered integration with trigger tags, and line-of-sight data transfer with attribute tags. Field trials for each of these applications are described.

  3. Joint Meeting on Hydrogen Delivery Modeling and Analysis, May 8-9, 2007, Discussion Session Highlights, Comments, and Action Items

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This summary highlights the disussion session, comments, and action items from the Joint Meeting on Hydrogen Delivery Modeling and Analysis, May 8-9, 2007.

  4. News Item

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    Lab) have recorded the first in situ electronic structure observations of the adsorption of carbon dioxide inside Mg-MOF-74, an open metal site MOF that has emerged as one...

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    peptoid nanosheets as part of an overall field that is exploring how this synthetic nanomaterial can be used more broadly in drug discovery, diagnostics, and drug delivery. Accolla...

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    lens aberrations due to 2- and 3- fold astigmatism, coma, and spherical aberration. Holography Electron holography can produce high-resolution images by recording images...

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    After receiving his B.S. from the University of Minnesota and Ph.D. from Cornell University, Neaton spent three years in the Rutgers Physics Department, where he was a postdoctoral ...

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    Smart Windows: Behind the Scenes The Molecular Foundry's Delia Milliron, with colleagues from the Environmental Energy Technologies Division, are working on creating smart window...

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    California, Santa Barbara Catherine Murphy, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Frances Ross, IBM Ned Seeman, New York University Donald Tennant, Cornell Nanoscale Science...

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    Elaine Chan Fosters New Collaborations with ALS In an ongoing effort to build closer working relationships between Berkeley Lab's nanoscale science research center and light...

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    0, 2015 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Alex Liddle, NIST Title: Nanomanufacturing: From Mesopotamia to the Present Day Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Integrated circuit...

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    Such signals are, in principle, sensitive down to the single carrier within the OLED, since the measurement reports on spin permutation symmetry rather than on thermal spin...

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    Hosted by Frank Svec: Many emerging spintronics applications will utilize dense arrays of nanomagnetic elements. Device properties depend on both the intrinsic material properties ...

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    Spin currents are just beginning to be explored as the basis for the emerging new field of spintronics. Coupling the flows of charge and spin currents together opens the door to ...

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    Keeping Lithography Current: A Novel Approach to The State-of-the-Art This method combines electron beam lithography and atomic layer deposition of aluminum oxide. Etching of the...

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    by the nation's investment in nanotechnology through the NNI. The first, found on page 10, describes the work of Molecular Foundry scientists who developed electrochromic...

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    Mimicking Nature for Homeland Security Biological Nanostructures Facility Director, Ron ... lethal chemical agents or deadly viruses deployed during warfare or a terrorist attack. ...

  18. News Item

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    properties of colloidal indium tin oxide (ITO) nanocrystals. Significance and Impact Understanding the connection between the structural and optoelectronic properties...

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    Efficient Conversion of Carbon Monoxide to Liquid Fuel Electron microscopy images of copper electrodes at various magnifications. Top row: the copper nanoparticle electrode. Middle ...

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    A New Mathematics for Experimental Science The newly created Center for Applied Mathematics for Energy Research Applications (CAMERA) brings together applied mathematicians, ...

  1. News Item

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    about 2D Molybdenum Disulfide Scientists at the Molecular Foundry have used a unique nano-optical probe to study the effects of illumination on two-dimensional semiconductors at...

  2. News Item

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    Study Reveals How Oxygen is Like Kryptonite to Titanium Scientists working at the Molecular Foundry have found the mechanism by which titanium, prized for its high ...

  3. News Item

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    Oxygen: Poison to Titanium In situ TEM nanocompression tests of Ti (above). Imaging of ... Scientists working at the Molecular Foundry have found the mechanism by which titanium ...

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    nearly exponential growth in the science and technology of two-dimensional materials. Beyond graphene, there is a huge variety of layered materials that range in properties...

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    Two Small Business Users Awarded ARPA-E Funding Part of Cyclotron Road at Berkeley Lab, ... awarded a total of 125 million by DOE's ARPA-E. Spark Thermionics, led by Dan Riley and ...

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    Riley and Schwede's thermionics collaboration was recently awarded 3.8 million from the Department of Energy's Advance Research Projects Agency--Energy (ARPA-E), which they will ...

  7. News Item

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    of Individual Atoms Scientific Achievement Using the Molecular Foundry's TEAM I microscope, an international collaboration of users and staff measured the 3D coordinates of...

  8. News Item

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    be. Now, users from UCLA have partnered with Molecular Foundry staff to use the TEAM microscope to image the three-dimensional positions of individual atoms to a precision of 19...

  9. News Item

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    Scientists measure speedy electrons in silicon An international team of physicists and chemists has, for the first time, taken snapshots of band-gap jumping electrons in silicon...

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    19, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Michael Hecht, Princeton University Title: Sustaining Life with Genes and Proteins Designed De Novo Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Bio: Michael...

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    microscopy for decades, well known for their advancements in materials science, electron detector development and structural biology respectively, making the Lab a global center...

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    Lithium-Rich Cathode Material Using complementary microscopy and spectroscopy techniques, researchers at the Molecular Foundry say they have solved the structure of lithium- ...

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    Electrolyte for Lithium Ion Batteries Foundry staff and users found surprising results in the first X-ray absorption spectroscopy study of a model lithium electrolyte and in ...

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    PIMs May Be the Cup of Choice for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries Lithium-sulfur batteries, which store electrical energy by transferring electrons to or from a sulfur electrodeare well ...

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    Non-invasive Nano-scale Imaging CLAIRE imaging chip consists of a YAlO3:Ce scintillator film supported by LaAlO3 and SrTiO3 buffer layers and a Si frame. Al nanostructures embedded...

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    has been a major challenge, but this challenge is now being met with a new non-invasive nanoscale imaging technique that goes by the acronym of CLAIRE. CLAIRE stands for...

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    Molecular Foundry Symposium Highlights 10 Years of Achievements Ten years after the dedication of Berkeley Lab's nanoscience-focused Molecular Foundry building, which unites seven ...

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    8, 2013 Jeff Urban Joins Eight Researchers in Sharing "Big Ideas" at Science at the Theatre Eight LBNL scientists including Jeff Urban, Director of the Inorganic Nanostructures Facility at the Molecular Foundry, presented eight game-changing concepts in eight minutes as part of the Science at the Theater on Monday, Oct. 28, at the Berkeley Repertory Theater (Roda Stage). In addition to Urban's talk on "synergist materials for energy applications," which can be viewed here,

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    12, 2014 Foundry Scientist, Deirdre Olynick, Hosting Virtual Lab Tour Learn why small is big in this tour of some of the coolest facilities at Berkeley Lab. Watch the event and ask our scientists questions! LBL is hosting a "virtual field trip" as part of a new series of Google+ Connected Classrooms hangouts at the National Labs. High school students connecting online will be able to tour the clean room at the Molecular Foundry, where scientists create nanoscale structures. They will

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    4, 2014 Foundry Scientist Presented Next Big Tech Idea at 'Science at the Theater' Event Like a science version of the popular show "Shark Tank," the Lab's next Science at the Theater event featured researchers "pitching" their technologies, followed by audience members and a panel of judges determining which one most benefits society. The event took place at the Berkeley Repertory Theater. In addition to Gloria Oliver's introduction of Molecular Velcro (the winner of the

  1. News Item

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    17, 2014 Foundry's Jim Schuck Featured on DOE's #LabChat: The Science of the Very Small The #LabChat included Dr. Jim Schuck, Director of the Imaging and Manipulation of Nanostructures Facility at Berkeley Lab's Molecular Foundry; Dr. Adam Rondinone, Task Leader for Catalysis and Industrial Liaison at Oak Ridge National Lab's Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences; and Dr. James Dickerson, Assistant Director for the User Program and External Affairs at Brookhaven National Lab's Center for

  2. News Item

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    6, 2013 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Prof. Andrew Canning , LBNL Title: First-principles Electronic Structure Calculations for Scintillation Phosphor Nuclear Detector Materials Location: 67-3111 Chemla room Hosted by Jim Schuck Inorganic scintillation phosphors (scintillators) are extensively employed as radiation detector materials in many fields of applied and fundamental research such as medical imaging, high energy physics, astrophysics, oil exploration and nuclear materials detection for

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    27, 2013 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Prof. W.E. Moerner, Stanford University Title: Single-Molecule Spectroscopy and Imaging: 3D Nanoscopy and Biomolecular Dynamics Location: 67-3111 Chemla room Hosted by Jim Schuck Since the first optical detection and spectroscopy of a single molecule in a condensed phase host in 1989, a wealth of new information has been obtained from time-dependent measurements and single-molecule probability distributions. When single-molecule labels acting as tiny nanoscale

  4. News Item

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    17, 2013 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Steve Granick, the University of Illinois Title: Fun and Profit with Soft Materials Location: 67-3111 Chemla room Hosted by Wendy Queen A fundamental materials challenge is to form structure that is not frozen in place but instead reconfigures internally driven by energy throughput and adapts to its environment robustly. Predicated on fluorescence imaging at the single-particle level, this talk describes quantitative studies of how this can happen. With Janus

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    , 2013 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Mikhail Zamkov, Bowling Green State University Title: Engineering of Semiconductor Nanocrystals & Nanocrystal Solids for Renewable Energy Applications Location: 67-3111 Chemla room Hosted by Delia Milliron: I will discuss a novel methodology for depositing colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals into all-inorganic solid films with implications both to nanocrystal solar cells and nanocrystal light-emitting devices. The reported strategy utilizes a simple scheme for

  6. News Item

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    9, 2013 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Francesca Morabito, University of Catania, Italy Title: An Analysis of the Molecular Foundry's Industrial Collaborations: Recommendations for Program Enhancements and Changes Location: 67-3111 Chemla room Results of an investigation into multiple aspects of previous collaborations between The Molecular Foundry and industry will be presented. The purpose of this analysis is to enhance understanding of the relationship complexities between government-funded User

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    15, 2013 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Paul Abbyad, Santa Clara University Title: Microfluidic Droplet Arrays for the Study of Red Blood Cell Sickling Location: 67-3111 Chemla room We have developed a novel microfluidic device to study individual red blood cells in droplet arrays. This is a two-phase system where aqueous droplets containing cells are produced and transported in inert carrier oil. Droplets are anchored into an array by the reduction in their surface energy as they enter into

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    2, 2013 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Gordana Dukovic, University of Colorado, Boulder Title: Photophysics and Photochemistry of Nanoscale Semiconductors Location: 67-3111 Chemla room Colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals are remarkably versatile materials that exhibit a high degree of tunability in electronic structure, optical spectra, and surface properties. They are generally strong light absorbers and have potential applications in solar energy harvesting. My research group is focused on the

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    December 12, 2013 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Dr. Dr. Peter Gregory, Editor in Chief, Advanced Materials Title: Publishing Trends in Science and How to Survive Peer Review Location: 66-Auditorium Dr. Gregory will reflect on publishing developments over the last 25 years (while celebrating 25 years ofAdvanced Materials) and concentrate on the factors which influence competitiveness, cost, and international character of scientific communication. He will also describe the peer review process "from

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    8, 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Dr. Ales Hrabec, Leeds University, UK Title: DMI meter: Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction in Pt/Co/Ir films Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Hosted by Andreas Schmid Abstract: The Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) can be measured via several techniques but the magnetic field-based method avoids all the problems with patterning and potential mixing with current-related effects such as the Spin Hall Effect or the Rashba field. It has been suggested that the

  11. News Item

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    4, 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Dr. David Baker, University of Washington Title: Design of Protein Structures, Functions and Assemblies Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Hosted by Ron Zuckermann Abstract: I will describe recent advances in computational protein design which allow the generation of new protein structures and functions. I will describe the use of these methods to design ultra-stable idealized proteins, flu neutralizing proteins, high affinity ligand binding proteins, and self

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    February 6, 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Dr. Alexandros Lappas, Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Crete, Greece Title: Properties and Applications of Surface-stabilised Iron-Oxide Magnetic Nanoclusters Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Hosted by Stefano Cabrini Abstract: Multifunctional iron-oxide nanocrystals pave the way for solutions in problems of practical importance to the society, ranging from electronics to diagnosis and therapy. In view to this, we employ modular colloidal

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    5, 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Prof. Ke Xu, UC Berkeley Title: Super-Resolution Fluorescence Microscopy: New Biology Revealed by Sub-10 nm Resolution Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Hosted by Bruce Cohen Abstract: Fluorescence microscopy is an indispensable tool for biology. It provides the distinct advantages of being noninvasive and molecular specific, and so permits the real-time observation of specific molecular targets in live cells with high contrast. A drawback of fluorescence microscopy,

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    4, 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Prof. Matthew Pelton, University of Maryland, Baltimore Title: Optical Studies of Nanoscale Physics: Semiconductor Nanoplatelets, Vibrating Metal Nanoparticles, and Metal-Semiconductor Assemblies Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Hosted by Stefano Cabrini Abstract: Semiconductor nanocrystals and metal nanoparticles are key building blocks for nanophotonics, because they both interact strongly with light in a way that can be tuned by changing the size, shape, and

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    3, 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Jeff Neaton, Molecular Foundry Title: Nanoscale Perspectives on Organic Energy Materials from Ab Initio Quantum Mechanics Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: New materials, architectures, and concepts are needed to realize many low-cost, sustainable energy conversion and carbon mitigation applications. Organic semiconductors and metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) comprise two promising classes of materials in this respect. These complex, tunable materials exhibit

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    0, 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: William Chueh, Stanford University Title: Ion Intercalation in Materials for Batteries and Fuel Cells Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Electrochemistry plays a crucial role in virtually all energy storage and conversion technologies, such as batteries, fuel cells, and artificial leaves. Intercalation processes, such as those involving lithium and oxygen ions in solids, are ubiquitous. Unlike electrochemical reactions on metal surfaces, intercalation

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    7, 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Jason D. Azoulay, University of Southern Mississippi Title: Narrow Band Gap Conjugated Polymers for Emergent Electronic Technologies Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Research in the field of organic semiconducting materials has allowed for the development of commercially relevant technologies such as organic thin-film transistors (OTFTs), light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), photovoltaics (OPVs), sensors, molecular electronics and biocompatible medical materials.

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    , 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Delia Milliron, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin Title: The Role of Surfaces and Interfaces in Nanocrystal-Based Materials Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: In materials constructed from few-nanometer scale building blocks, a large fraction of the total volume lies within a few atomic layers of a surface or an interface. Within the context of plasmonic metal oxide nanocrystals, I will describe a few examples of how these

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    7, 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Eva Nogales, UC Berkeley Title: Visualization of biological macromolecular complexes by Cryo-EM Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: The molecular tasks required for the functioning of the cell are carried out by large molecular machines made of proteins or protein-nucleic acid complexes. Visualizing the structures of such complexes, especially in more than one functional state, is crucial for a mechanistic understanding of cellular function that can ultimately

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    4, 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Bruce Cohen, Molecular Foundry Title: Zapping Ugly Ducklings into Swans: Weakly Luminescent Nanocrystals that Make Exceptional Single-Molecule Imaging Probes Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Imaging complex materials at the single-molecule level reveals heterogeneities that are lost in ensemble imaging experiments. An ongoing challenge is the development of probes with the photostability, brightness, and continuous emission necessary at higher

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    8, 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Eli Yablonovitch, UC Berkeley Title: Regenerative Thermo-PhotoVoltaics, a New Opportunity in Radiative Science Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Recent breakthroughs in the understanding of solar cells have led to new record efficiencies. Like all new scientific developments, there are repercussions that extend into new and unexpected areas. Serendipitously, the need for high internal reflectivity in the record- breaking solar cells has solved a

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    0, 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Susanne Stemmer, UC Santa Barbara Title: Structure and Properties of Oxide Heterostructures Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: This talk will focus on recent research activities in our group in the areas of advanced structural characterization, growth, and properties of oxide thin films and heterostructures. In the first part of this presentation we discuss recent progress in developing quantitative scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) techniques.

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    4, 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Michael Roukes, Caltech Title: Integrated Neurophotonics: A Vision for Massively-Parallel Interrogation of Brain Activity Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: In 2011, six U.S. scientists from different disciplines banded together, outlined a vision [1], and managed to convince the Obama administration of the unprecedented opportunity that now exists to launch a coordinated, large-scale effort to map brain activity. This culminated in the U.S. BRAIN Initiative

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    1, 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Axel Brunger, Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University, HHMI Title: Molecular Mechanisms of Neurotransmitter Release Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: The central nervous system relies on electrical signals traveling along neurons and through synapses at high speeds. Signals often have to pass between two neurons, or from a neuron to a muscle fiber, and the nervous system relies on a process called membrane fusion to ensure that

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    8, 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Xiang Zhang, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Title: Molecular Foundry/ALS Joint Seminar: Metamaterials with Properties that Do Not Exist in Nature Location: Building 66 Auditorium Abstract: Recent theory predicted a new class of photonic composite materials that its properties are derived by the structure rather than chemical compositions which promise unprecedented electromagnetic properties that do not exist in the nature such as optical magnetism and

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    4, 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Felix Fischer, UC Berkeley Title: Teaching Polymers the Meaning of Life and Confining Electrons in Graphene nanoribbons Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: The exponentially increasing demand for ever smaller, faster, and more energy efficient electronic devices represents a monumental challenge in designing the next generation of post-silicon advanced functional materials. Traditionally, device architectures based on inorganic semiconductors are fabricated

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    7, 2015 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Wilson Ho, UCI Title: Molecular Foundry/ALS Joint Seminar: Imaging Bonds and Chemical Interactions Location: Building 66 Auditorium Abstract: Chemistry is concerned with the transformation of molecules. It is, however, an abstract subject because its participants are atoms and molecules that are difficult to be seen in detail due to their small dimensions. Furthermore, molecules are depicted as collections of spatially arranged atoms, joined to each other by

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    0, 2015 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Karsten Reuter, Technische Universität München Title: First-Principles Embedding Approaches for Energy Science Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Detailed insight into surface molecular processes is the key driver for advances in application areas as diverse as heterogeneous catalysis, molecular electronics or drug delivery. While predictive-quality computational modeling assumes an increasing role in providing this insight, current methodology still

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    7, 2015 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Alec Talin, Sandia National Laboratories (Livermore) Title: Achieving Emergent Properties for Electronic and Energy Conversion Device Applications Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are extended, crystalline compounds consisting of metal ions interconnected by organic ligands, forming scaffolding-like structures that are sometimes referred to as "molecular tinker toys". MOFs have attracted considerable attention for

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    17, 2015 Time: 2:00 pm Speaker: Artur Braun, Empa. Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology Title: Changes in photoanodes during solar water oxidation, the wet part of artificial photosnythesis Location: 15-253 Abstract: We know photosynthesis as the natural, biological process where sunlight is used to oxidize water molecules and reduce carbon dioxide molecules and convert those into carbohydrates. One can mimic this process with inorganic components in

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    9, 2015 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Doug Natelson, Rice University Title: Vibrational and Electronic Heating in Atomic-Scale Junctions Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Bio: My research group focuses on the electronic, magnetic, and (recently) optical properties of nanoscale structures. Over the last twenty years there has been tremendous progress in the ability to manipulate matter at levels approaching the atomic scale. By constructing model nanosystems (nanoparticle, nanowires, atomic-scale

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    6, 2015 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: David Masiello, University of Washington Title: A Taxonomy of the Magneto-Optical Responses of Cyclic Plasmon-Supporting Metal Oligomers Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: In this talk I will explore the optical-frequency magnetic and electric properties of cyclic plasmon-supporting metal nanoparticle oligomers through a combination of scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM)/electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) simulation and first-principles

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    9, 2015 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Mark Stockman, University of Georgia Title: Latest Progress in Spasers Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Nanoplasmonics deals with collective electron excitations at the surfaces of metal nanostructures, called surface plasmons. The surface plasmons localize and nano-concentrate optical energy creating highly enhanced local fields. Nanoplasmonics has numerous applications in science, technology, biomedicine, environmental monitoring, and defense. There is an

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    3, 2015 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: David Norris, ETH Zurich Title: Quantum-Dot Plasmonics Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Quantum optics involves the coupling of quantum emitters to their electromagnetic environment. Because this coupling is related to the concentration of the optical field, it is typically constrained by the diffraction limit of light. One way to circumvent this is by moving to quantum plasmonics, which uses surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) instead of photons. However,

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    30, 2015 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Klaus van Benthem, UC Davis Title: Evolution of Interface Structures Under Externally Applied Stress Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Bio: Klaus van Benthem is interested in the investigation of the functionalities of novel nano-materials. He uses electron microscopy tools to image nano-materials with atomic resolution and correlate their morphologies and atomic structures with nano-scale and macro- scale physical properties. His interests are also in the

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    7, 2015 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: David Ginger, University of Washington Title: Molecular Foundry/ALS Joint Seminar: Imaging Heterogeneity in Thin Film Solar Cells: Polymers to Perovskites Location: Building 66 Auditorium Abstract: Many semiconductors - including conjugated polymers, colloidal quantum dots, and organometal halide perovskites - can be processed inexpensively from solution to produce large area flexible electronic devices such as solar cells. However, unlike traditional

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    3, 2015 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Timothy Lu, MIT Title: Engineering Living Cells for Human Health Applications Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Over the last 50 years, exponential increases in our ability to manipulate electrons and engineer electronic systems spawned the information technology revolution. Similarly rapid improvements in technologies for reading and writing DNA are now transforming our capacity to engineer biological systems. Leveraging these technologies, synthetic

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    8, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Christian Dwyer, Arizona State University Title: Utilizing Inelastically Scattered Electrons in the Transmission Electron Microscope Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Bio: Christian Dwyer is an electron microscopist with backgrounds in scattering and condensed-matter physics. He is an Associate Professor in the Department of Physics at Arizona State University. He obtained his PhD at the University of Cambridge in 2004, and has worked in academic/research institutes

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    In-Situ Specifications Specifications Accel. voltage: 300 kV Point-to-point resolution, wide gap 2.1 Å Point-to-point resolution, narrow gap 1.7 Å Specimen Stages Single-tilt heating to 1300° C ±40° Double-tilt heating to 1000°C ±40°/±40° Single-tilt electrical biasing ±40° Mechanical testing ±40° LN cold stage ±40°

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    FEG Specifications Specifications Accel. Voltage: 200 kV Spherical Aberration Cs: 1.2mm Chromatic Aberration Cc: 1.2mm Detectors Oxford INCA energy dispersive X-ray detector with energy resolution of 136eV for Mn k-alpha radiation. Gatan Imaging Filter with 1kx1k CCD camera and energy resolution of .9 eV with 1nm spatial resolution. Specimen stages Philips double tilt low background holder - ±30°/±30° Philips single tilt low background holder - ± 30° Gatan 652-Ta double tilt heating

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    Specifications Ion column Electron column Accel. voltage 10-30 kV 0.2 - 30 kV Resolution 7 nm 3 nm

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    LIBRA Specifications Resolution Point-to-Point 0.29 nm Information limit 0.19 nm Energy resolution 0.7 eV without monochromator 0.15 eV with monochromator STEM Spatial Resolution BF/DF 0.45 nm HAADF (attainable) 0.45 nm Electron emitter ZrO/W-field emitter system (Schottky) Illumination System Parallel wide field TEM mode 0.1 urad to 20 mrad illumination aperture Objective lens: HT objective Cs (Spherical aberration) 2.2 mm Cc (Chromatic aberration) 2.2 mm Specimen Stage Double tilt holder angle

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    SPLEEM Specifications Electron energy typically 0 to 100 eV, energy width ~0.1 eV. Electron energy typically 0 to 100 eV, energy width ~0.1 eV. Spin-polarization (normally ~30 %) can be adjusted to point in any polar/azimuthal direction Spatial resolution ~10 nm laterally, atomic resolution along surface normal. Angular resolution of magnetization direction can be better than 2 deg. Time resolution: frame rate can be up to 20 fps, exposure time of several ms per frame is usually required for

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    1 Specifications Specifications 300 kV Monochromator ON Monochromator OFF Information limit 0.05 nm (at 0.15 eV) 0.05 nm STEM resolution 0.078 nm 0.05 nm Energy resolution (EELS) 0.15 eV 0.8 eV TEM 3rd order spherical aberration <1 µm, adjustable (± 50 µm) TEM 5th order spherical aberration ~4 mm STEM 3rd order spherical aberration <0.5 µm STEM 5th order spherical aberration <0.5 mm Specifications 80 kV Monochromator ON Monochromator OFF Information limit 0.07 nm (at 0.2 eV) 0.15 nm

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    0.5 Specifications Specifications 300 kV Monochromator ON Monochromator OFF Information limit 0.05 nm (at 0.15 eV) 0.08 nm STEM resolution 0.1 nm 0.05 nm Energy resolution (EELS) 0.10 eV 0.8 eV TEM 3rd order spherical aberration <1 µm, adjustable (± 50 µm) TEM 5th order spherical aberration ~5 mm STEM 3rd order spherical aberration <0.5 µm STEM 5th order spherical aberration <0.5 mm Specifications 80 kV Monochromator ON Monochromator OFF Information limit 0.07 nm (at 0.2 eV) 0.15 nm

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    Tecnai Specifications Specifications Accel. Voltage: 200 (and 120) kV Spherical Aberration Cs: 0.5 mm Chromatic Aberration Cc: 1.1 mm HRTEM Scherzer resolution 0.19 nm Information limit (monochromator off) 0.12 nm STEM Spatial Resolution Monochromator off 0.14 nm Monochromator on 1.0 nm EELS Energy Resolution Monochromator off 500 meV Monochromator on 150 meV

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    TITAN X Specifications General Accelerating Voltage 60, 80, 120, 200, and 300 kV Spherical Aberration Cs 1.2 mm Chromatic Aberration Cc: 1.2 mm Detectors EDS Four windowless silicon drift detectors with a total solid angle of 0.7 steradians and 140 eV energy resolution. STEM Gatan HAADF HRTEM Gatan UltraScan 1000 2k x 2k CCD Diffraction/Movies Gatan Orius 830 2k x 2k CCD; 30 fps Specimen stages FEI low background double tilt for EDS - ±40°/±40° Hummingbird Tomography holder for tomography

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    New and Improved Model of Molecular Bonding Jim DeYoreo of the Molecular Foundry led the development of a first-of-its-kind model for providing a comprehensive description of the way in which molecular bonds form and rupture. This enables researchers to predict the "binding free energy" of a given molecular system, a key to predicting how that molecule will interact with other molecules. Go here to read the paper. The work was a collaboration with Ray Friddle of the Sandia National

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    Three Foundry Scientists Honored with Director's Awards for Exceptional Achievement Congratulations to Molecular Foundry winners of the 2013 Director's Awards for Exceptional Achievement! Jim Schuck and Alex Weber-Bargioni: Early Scientific Career Award for their work on nanoscale optical imaging and spectroscopy Ron Zuckermann: Safety Award for his leadership in promoting a culture of safety The Director's Awards honor exceptional achievements by laboratory employees that advance the Lab's

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    Protein Folding Funnels Apply to Self-Assembly; Should Benefit Biomimicry and Nanosynthesis Jim DeYorero and Carolyn Bertozzi led a team of researchers at the Molecular Foundry that demonstrated the concept that folding funnels applies equally to individual and ensembles of proteins. Their findings provide important guidelines for future efforts in biomimicry - technological innovation inspired by nature - particularly for device fabrication and nanoscale synthesis. Also working on this study

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    Molecular Foundry Spin-Off Company Wins the NOVA Innovation Competition Heliotrope Technologies, a Molecular Foundry spinoff company, has been declared the winner of the 2012 NOVA Innovation Competition. An Oakland, CA based start-up, Heliotrope works to develop energy-efficient electrochromic window coatings that can switch reversibly between three states: solar transparent, heat blocking, and heat and light blocking.

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    Milliron wins ARPA-E Grant Awards to Advance Energy Efficiency and Storage In the recently announced "OPEN 2012" funding opportunity from the Department of Energy's Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E), Delia Milliron of the Molecular Foundry received a grant of $3 million for her work on smart window technologies, in partnership with scientists in Berkeley Lab's Environmental Energy Technologies Division (EETD) and Heliotrope Technologies. The project will seek to enhance

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    Arron Phillips Shakes Up Science at the Foundry Sometimes you need to shake up your perspective in order to do good science. So says Molecular Foundry intern Arron Phillips, who has captured some artistic views of her research on metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). Shown here is her color-altered photograph of MOF-199 samples, one of the best-known materials in that family of porous crystals. Visiting from the University of Florida, Phillips says she enjoys using photography as a way to shake up

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    Foundry User Alveo Energy Receives $4M from ARPA-E Alveo Energy-a Bay Area start-up company and Molecular Foundry user-has been awarded $4 million by ARPA-E for their project, "Open Framework Electrode Batteries for Cost-Effective Energy Storage." This venture seeks to develop a new class of batteries based on the pigment Prussian Blue to provide efficient, cost-effective support of renewable energy sources. "This ARPA-E award is an enormous opportunity for Alveo." says Colin

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    3 Black Gold Makes Bright Beams For the high-rep-rate x-ray beams essential to next generation light sources, electron guns with photocathodes that can deliver tight electron bunches with high charge and high energy are essential. Early this week Physical Review Letters posted reports of two nanoscale arrays for photocathodes using resonating plasmons, based on principles developed by Howard Padmore of the Advanced Light Source (ALS). Led by the Molecular Foundry's Alex Polyakov, one design is

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    Weber-Bargioni Shares Love of Bike Racing with Local Community If you've ever tried to take a sharp turn at high speed on a bicycle, you may have wished you knew more about bicycle physics. And while the basic movement feels simple, riding a bike is in fact quite complex. "It turns out the physics of riding a bike are really, really hard," confessed Alex Weber-Bargioni, a Berkeley Lab materials scientist. Weber-Bargioni was addressing a standing-room-only crowd at the Actual Café in

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    Three Foundry Scientists Honored with Director's Awards for Exceptional Achievement Congratulations to the winners from the Molecular Foundry of the 2013 Director's Awards for Exceptional Achievement! Jim Schuck and Alex Weber-Bargioni: Early Scientific Career Award for their work on nanoscale optical imaging and spectroscopy Ron Zuckermann (pictured with LBL Director Paul Alivisatos): Safety Award for his leadership in promoting a culture of safety The Director's Awards honor exceptional

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    Frank Svec: Using Gold to Boost Power of Chromatography MSD scientist Frantisek Svec, director of the Organic and Macromolecular Synthesis facility at the Molecular Foundry, described a technique for boosting the power of chromatography for separating proteins and peptides. Speaking at the recent national meeting of the American Chemical Society, Svec explained how the addition of gold nanoparticles to the surfaces of polymer monoliths in chromatographs creates a universal ligand that can be

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    Foundry's Ritankar Das is Campus's Top Graduating Senior With a double major in bioengineering and chemical biology, and a minor in creative writing, UC Berkeley student Ritankar Das has been named the campus's University Medalist, recognizing him as the top graduating senior. And he's only 18. And he did it in only three years. He works with Lab materials scientist Frank Ogletree in the Molecular Foundry. [MORE]

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    Foundry Researchers Receive Two 2013 R&D 100 Awards Congratulations to the Molecular Foundry's award-winning innovators! Presented by R&D Magazine, the R&D 100 Awards recognize the year's top 100 technology products from industry, academia, and government-sponsored research, ranging from chemistry to materials to biomedical breakthroughs. Of the record eight awards that recognized Berkeley Lab research, two came from work at the Molecular Foundry. A team led by Delia Milliron

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    Rachel Segalman Appointed Acting Division Director for Materials Sciences Rachel Segalman has been appointed as the acting director of the Materials Sciences Division, effective July 8. The Molecular Foundry is a part of the Material Sciences Division. She is the lead principal investigator for the Thermoelectrics Program and project leader for the Membranes and Mesoscale Assembly at the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis (JCAP). Segalman is also a professor of chemical engineering at UC

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    Ron Zuckermann Discusses his 'Big Idea' in 'Science at the Theater' talk Berkeley Lab's recent 'Science at the Theater' event featured eight researchers, each give 8 minutes to present a "big idea." Ron Zuckermann, from the Molecular Foundry, spoke about his work with synthetic proteins and how we can mimick Nature to make better materials. Catch Zuckermann around the 45:00 point, and don't miss a lively Q & A session at the end

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    Size Matters as Nanocrystals Go Through Phases Understanding what happens to a material as it undergoes phase transformations - changes from a solid to a liquid to a gas or a plasma - is of fundamental scientific interest and critical for optimizing commercial applications. For metal nanocrystals, assumptions about the size-dependence of phase transformations were made that now need to be re-evaluated. A team of researchers at the Molecular Foundry has demonstrated that as metal nanocrystals go

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    Welcome to the Molecular Foundry's New Outreach and Communications Specialist Branden Brough joined the Molecular Foundry this month as their new communications and outreach specialist. Before joining the Foundry, Brough (rhymes with rough) worked at the National Institutes of Health where he led Congressional and public outreach efforts within the science policy office of the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculosketal and Skin Diseases. Brough received his Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering

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    In Water as In Love, Likes Can Attract At some point in elementary school you were shown that opposite charges attract and like charges repel. This is a universal scientific truth - except when it isn't. A research team led by Berkeley Lab chemist Richard Saykally and theorist David Prendergast, working at the Advanced Light Source (ALS), has shown that, when hydrated in water, positively charged ions (cations) can actually pair up with one another. "Through a combination of X-ray

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    2013 Annual User Meeting Postponed Due to significant impacts on our event planning and outreach activities stemming from the recent partial government shutdown, the Annual User Meeting (AUM) that was scheduled for November 4-5, 2013 has been postponed. This event is always a great opportunity to share the latest science and foster stronger connections with members of the Molecular Foundry and NCEM User communities. Plans are being made to reschedule the AUM for the first half of 2014. We

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    Alison Hatt to Direct User Program Alison Hatt has been chosen to head the Molecular Foundry's User Program. She is succeeding David Bunzow, who is retiring this month. As User Program Director, Alison will be responsible for overseeing the Foundry's scientific proposal process, including administration associated with User proposal submissions, peer reviews, and scheduling approved projects; working with scientific staff to reach out to and grow new diverse, engaged and productive User

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    Researchers Take Cues From Nature in Designing a Programmable Nanomaterial for Biosensing Taking inspiration from the human immune system, researchers at the Molecular Foundry have created a new material that can be programmed to identify an endless variety of molecules. The new material resembles tiny sheets of Velcro, each just one-hundred nanometers across. But instead of securing your sneakers, this molecular Velcro mimics the way natural antibodies recognize viruses and toxins, and could

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    and NCEM Staff Gather to Identify Scientific Synergies The Molecular Foundry and NCEM staff participated in a Scientific Retreat on November 4-5 - formerly the dates of our joint Annual User Meeting that was canceled due to the government shutdown - to discuss new scientific opportunities in nanoscience and electron scattering that are of interest to the two centers. The retreat focused on the ways that the scientific achievements of the Molecular Foundry and NCEM benefit from increasingly close

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    Holistic Cell Design by Berkeley Lab Scientists Leads to High-Performance, Long Cycle-Life Lithium-Sulfur Battery Researchers at Berkeley Lab, including the Molecular Foundry, have demonstrated in the laboratory a lithium-sulfur (Li/S) battery that has more than twice the specific energy of lithium-ion batteries, and that lasts for more than 1,500 cycles of charge-discharge with minimal decay of the battery's capacity. This is the longest cycle life reported so far for any lithium-sulfur

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    Three Foundry Scientists Receive 2014 Lab Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Awards Director Alivisatos has announced the awards for the FY2014 Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) program. A total of about $22.1 million was allocated for 77 projects, which primarily focus on fundamental science and translational research in energy science and technology applications, address the use of large-scale computation and data science, and aid in the development of a biological

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    Jeff Neaton Named American Physical Society (APS) Fellow Molecular Foundry Director and Theory Facility Senior Faculty Scientist, Jeff Neaton, was recently elected as an American Physical Society (APS) Fellow for his "fundamental contributions to the understanding of phase behavior, electronic structure, and transport properties of condensed matter, particularly multiferroics, nanostructures, and materials for energy conversion and storage." This honor signifies "exceptional

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    In Memoriam: Gareth Thomas (1932-2014) Gareth Thomas, founder of Berkeley Lab's National Center for Electron Microscopy (NCEM) and one of the world's foremost experts on electron microscopy, passed away on February 7. He was 81. A native of Wales, Thomas earned his Ph.D. in metallurgy from Cambridge University, and joined the UC Berkeley (UCB) faculty in 1960. He became a UCB professor of metallurgy and a faculty scientist at Berkeley Lab, then known as Lawrence Berkeley Lab (LBL), in 1966. At a

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    Foundry/NCEM Combined Call for Proposals - Deadline March 31st In preparation for their merge that will be finalized by October 1, 2014, the Molecular Foundry and the National Center for Electron Microscopy (NCEM) have combined their user proposal submission and review processes for their next Call for Proposals. Proposals can be submitted here and will be accepted through March 31, 2014. The new coordinated proposal submission and review process is designed to combine the best aspects of the

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    Bright Future for Protein Nanoprobes Researchers at the Molecular Foundry have discovered surprising new rules for creating ultra-bright light-emitting crystals that are less than 10 nanometers in diameter. These ultra-tiny but ultra-bright nanoprobes should be a big asset for biological imaging, especially deep-tissue optical imaging of neurons in the brain. The multidisciplinary team of researchers led by James Schuck and Bruce Cohen used advanced single-particle characterization and

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    Newly Developed Tool Enables Remote Researchers to Take a Deeper Look at Interfaces An international team of researchers working at the Advanced Light Source (ALS) and remotely operating instruments at the National Center for Electron Microcopy (NCEM) via the Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) recently developed a new technique called Standing Wave Angle-Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy, or SWARPES, to unlock the vast potential of metal oxide interfaces, especially those buried in subsurface

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    NCEM Leadership Change After more than 20 years as Director of the National Center for Electron Microscopy (NCEM), Ulrich Dahmen has stepped into a new role as NCEM Senior Advisor, effective March 15. As Senior Advisor, Dahmen will be focusing on multidisciplinary materials research and helping to set the agenda for electron microscopy research at the Molecular Foundry and NCEM, which are merging into a single User Facility later this year. Under Dahmen's leadership, NCEM has become DOE's

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    Discovery of New Semiconductor Holds Promise for 2D Physics and Electronics From super-lubricants, to solar cells, to the fledgling technology of valleytronics, there is much to be excited about with the discovery of a unique new two-dimensional semiconductor, rhenium disulfide, by a large international team of Molecular Foundry users. Rhenium disulfide (ReS2), unlike molybdenum disulfide and other dichalcogenides, behaves electronically as if it were a 2D monolayer even as a 3D bulk material.

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    4 Sen. Feinstein Visits Molecular Foundry folks During her time at LBNL, Senator Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) and her staff visited the Molecular Foundry where she met with Director Jeff Neaton and Inorganic Nanostructures Staff Scientist Delia Milliron to see firsthand the impact brought about by the unique capabilities found within the National Laboratory system. She also had time for a quick photo op with (left to right) User Program Director Alison Hatt, Project Scientist Sahar Sharifzadeh, and

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    Molecular Foundry Participates in NASA Earth Day Global Selfie

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    4 Foundry Volunteers Participate in Lab's Science Festival at Daughters and Sons to Work Day folks On April 24, LBNL hosted a Science Festival comprised of eight hands-on tabletop activity "stations" for 120 Lab employee sons and daughters aged 9-16. As part of this event, Molecular Foundry and Materials Sciences Division volunteers helped children build a 20 foot carbon nanotube balloon model.

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    Probing for Better Doping of Semiconductor Nanocrystals folks One method of altering the electrical properties of a semiconductor is by introducing impurities called dopants. A team led by Delia Milliron, a chemist in the Molecular Foundry's Inorganic Nanostructures Facility, has demonstrated that equally important as the amount of dopant is how the dopant is distributed on the surface and throughout the material. This opens the door for engineering the distribution of the dopant in order to

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    4 Weber-Bargioni Selected for Early Career Research Award folks Alex Weber-Bargioni, a staff scientist in the Molecular Foundry's Imaging and Manipulation Facility, was selected as one of 35 scientists from across the nation to receive significant funding for research as part of DOE's Early Career Research Program. The effort, now in its fifth year, is designed to bolster the nation's scientific workforce by providing support to exceptional researchers during the crucial early career years, when

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    folks

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    Organic Facility Director Frank Svec Retiring folks Frank Svec (left), Director of the Organic and Macromolecular Synthesis Facility since its inception, will be retiring on June 15. Svec's long and distinguished career has led to important discoveries and new understandings of nanoporous polymers, chromatography, and separations science. He has been recognized with several important awards and honors, many of them while at the Foundry. In addition to his valuable scientific contributions, he

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    Foundry and NCEM Scientists Join LBNL Contingent to Raise User Facility Awareness on Capitol Hill folks Foundry project scientist, Promita Chakraborty, and NCEM staff scientist, Peter Ercius, joined a contingent of staff and researchers from over 40 user facilities to help raise awareness on Capitol Hill through the 4th Annual National User Facility Organization (NUFO) Science Expo. Hosted by the U.S. House of Representatives' Science and National Labs Caucus, the Expo was held June 10 in the

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    Xiang Zhang Appointed Director of Materials Sciences Division folks Xiang Zhang has been appointed Director of the Lab's Materials Sciences Division, effective 1 July 2014. He has been a long-time Foundry user since the building opened in 2006. Xiang is the Ernest S. Kuh Endowed Chaired Professor at UC Berkeley and has served in the past ten years as the Director of NSF Nano-scale Science and Engineering Center (SINAM). Xiang received his Ph.D from UC Berkeley in 1996. He was an assistant

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    New Chemistry for High-Resolution Patterning at the Nanoscale folks Similar to film used in photography, photoresist is used to lay down the patterns of ever-shrinking lines and features on a surface. In a bid to continue decreasing transistor size while increasing computation and energy efficiency, chip-maker Intel has partnered with researchers from the Molecular Foundry - with contributions from ALS - to design an entirely new kind of resist. And importantly, they have done so by

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    Characterizing Hot Carriers Could Hold the Key to Future Solar Cell Efficiencies folks One of the major road blocks to the design and development of new, more efficient solar cells may have been cleared. Users of the Molecular Foundry have developed the first ab initio method - meaning a theoretical model free of adjustable or empirical parameters - for characterizing the properties of "hot carriers" in semiconductors. Hot carriers are electrical charge carriers - electrons and holes -

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    Industrial Users of the Foundry Produce Low-cost Printable Photonic Integrated Devices folks By directly printing devices onto a functional resist with a high refractive index, users from aBeam Technologies and NanoOptic Devices, in partnership with Foundry staff, created optical components without the use of any etching steps. The method combines the advantages of top-down (NIL) and bottom-up (sol-gel chemistry) approaches. After annealing at high temperatures, the photonic structures shrink

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    Shaping the Future of Nanocrystals The first direct observations of how facets form and develop on platinum nanocubes point the way towards more sophisticated and effective nanocrystal design and reveal that a nearly 150 year-old scientific law describing crystal growth breaks down at the nanoscale. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory researchers used several highly sophisticated transmission electron microscopes at NCEM through a user project, as well as an advanced high-resolution,

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    Oil/Water Interface From the people who brought us peptoid nanosheets that form at the interface between air and water, now come peptoid nanosheets that form at the interface between oil and water. Scientists at the Molecular Foundry have developed peptoid nanosheets - two-dimensional biomimetic materials with customizable properties - that self-assemble at an oil-water interface. This new development opens the door to designing these sheets with increasing structural complexity and chemical

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    Fall Seminar Series Begins September 16 More information, including speaker abstracts can be found here

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    Foundry Helps Capture Birth of Mineral in Real Time Found in seashells, pearls, marble, and chalk, calcium carbonate is one of the most important molecules on Earth. It is also the most abundant form of carbon on our planet. But while scientists have studied calcium carbonate crystal growth for decades, they haven't actually been able to explain how the crystals appear from the very start. Now, a team of researchers have used a high-powered electron microscope at the Molecular Foundry to capture

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    Foundry Scientists Partner with Campus and UCSF in BRAINseed Through a one-of-a-kind collaboration between Berkeley Lab, UC Berkeley and UCSF, BRAINseed hopes to kickstart innovative but risky brain research. The partnership hopes to yield discoveries that accelerate President Barack Obama's national BRAIN (Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies) Initiative and California's own Cal-BRAIN (California Blueprint for Research to Advance Innovations in Neuroscience) Initiative.

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    Molecular Foundry and NCEM Merge Complete As of October 1, 2014, the Molecular Foundry includes the National Center for Electron Microscopy (NCEM). Previously, NCEM was a separate user facility, but at the request of DOE and in response to evolving research needs, NCEM is now one of the seven facilities within the Molecular Foundry. This merger provides outstanding new characterization capabilities to the Foundry, enhancing its position as a leader in nanoscience research, and streamlines the

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    Study Reveals Molecular Structure of Water at Gold Electrodes At an electrode surface, the build-up of electrical charge, driven by a potential difference (or voltage), produces a strong electric field that drives molecular rearrangements in the electrolyte next to the electrode. Users and staff at the Molecular Foundry have developed a method to not only look at the molecules next to an electrode's surface, but to determine how their arrangement changes depending on the voltage. With gold as a

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    Nanotubes that Insert Themselves into Cell Membranes Researchers have helped show that short carbon nanotubes can make excellent artificial pores within cell membranes. Moreover, these nanotubes, which are far more rugged than their biological counterparts, can self-insert into a cell membrane or other lipid bilayers. Caroline Ajo-Franklin, a Foundry staff scientist, worked with Alex Noy, a biophysicist at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) used lipids to get the nanotubes the right

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    Outsmarting Thermodynamics in Self-assembly of Nanostructures If you can uniformly break the symmetry of nanorod pairs in a colloidal solution, you're one step closer to achieving new and exciting metamaterial properties. The development of an innovative self-assembly route could surpass the conventional thermodynamic limit in chemical synthetic systems and lead to the production of nanostructures that have historically been considered impossible to assemble. But traditional thermodynamic-driven

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    Advanced Materials Cover

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    Enhanced CO2 Capture in Metal-Organic Frameworks CO2 binding in BTT-type metal-organic framework: the highly porous MOF structure and, inset, detail of the CO2 binding site illustrating the affinity with organic linker molecule. Led by the Molecular Foundry's Jeff Neaton, and in collaboration with Berend Smit in an Energy Frontier Research Center at UC-Berkeley, a team of researchers has identified a new mechanism by which CO2 binds to a nanoporous material with exceptional strength. Discovering

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    Making a Map for Nanotube Exploration Figures: Electron diffraction patterns and Rayleigh spectra of carbon nanotubes with different chiral indices. Inset, top, an illustration of a single nanotube suspended across a gapped substrate for measurement. An international team of scientists headed by Feng Wang of the Materials Science Division of Berkeley Lab and Enge Wang of the International Center for Quantum Materials in Beijing, has mapped out an "atlas" of key structural and optical

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    Combinatorial Nanoscience Shines in Pure Colors Green/red purity vs. total intensity, observed in the various lanthanide ion combinations. The Molecular Foundry's Delia Milliron and colleagues have employed a powerful combinatorial approach to synthesize nanocrystals that glow in bright, pure colors when excited with near infrared light. - a process known as upconversion. These nanocrystals may allow for biological imaging with less harmful radiation than current methods, and can be more easily

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    Enhancing Electron Photoemission with Nanopillar Array Figures: An array of nano-sized gold pillars, (a), creates a plasmonic surface resonance. (B), photoelectron kinetic energy spectrum for electrons ejected from the nanopillar array, showing significant increases compared to a flat gold surface. Working with the Molecular Foundry's Bruce Harteneck, researchers in the Lab's Ultrafast Materials and Chemical Sciences programs have verified and measured a boost in photoemitted-electron energies

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    2 Revealing nanorod formation with liquid-cell TEM Sequential TEM images show Pt3Fe nanorods forming by first making a kinked chain which then straightens out. On right, High-resolution STEM images reveal changes in crystal orientation as the chains relax. Materials Science Division researcher Haimei Zheng, the Molecular Foundry's Stephen Whitelam, and colleagues have imaged iron-platinum nanoparticle forming from solution, helping resolve a decades-long debate about growth dynamics. By

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    Defining Structure in Synthetic Proteins Predicted 3-dimensional structures, an N-aryl trimer and N-alkyl trimer (top) and a larger cyclic nonamer (bottom) later confirmed by X-ray crystallography results. Scientific Achievement Blind conformational predictions were performed for 3 new peptoids using Replica Exchange Molecular Dynamics simulation and Quantum Mechanical refinement. Subsequent comparison with the 3D structure determined by X-ray crystallography showed these predictions to be

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    S-layer Formation: Trapped in the Middle Top: Schematic of S-layer formation on a lipid bilayer Bottom: 3-dimensional interpretation of AFM data acquired during analysis. Scientific Achievement Using in-situ Atomic Force Microscopy to directly observe S-layer formation on mica chips, Foundry scientists show that a kinetic trap occurs during protein self-assembly. Some domains become trapped in high-energy states. Once in this state, the energy barrier for relaxation into low-energy domains

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    A Comprehensive Model for Molecular-Bond Formation and Rupture Force spectra of ten different kinds of molecular bonds show transition from near-equilibrium to a kinetic regime. Inset, data re-plotted on the natural axes that emerge from the model show that it provides a universal description of bond breaking across the two regimes. Developed a new model for interpreting molecular-bond force spectra and verified it with measurements of ten different molecular systems Resolves inconsistencies in

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    Seeing in Color at the Nanoscale An indium-phosphide nanowire imaged with scanning-electron microscope (left), campanile probe (center) and confocal microscope (right). The campanile probe delivers both spatial data and photoluminescence with a resolution of approximately 40 nm. Scientific Achievement A newly designed microscopy probe uses plasmonic enhancement to capture broadband spectroscopic data with sub-wavelength resolution Significance So-called "campanile" probe enables

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    Bio-inspired Polymers

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    Microscopy

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    Tomography

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    Near Field Imaging Browse the Molecular Foundry channel on YouTube »

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    Theory of Self-Assembly Browse the Molecular Foundry channel on YouTube »

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    1. Learn about the Molecular Foundry and its user program Before submitting your proposal, orient yourself to the Foundry's resources and capabilities, and learn about the User Program. The Molecular Foundry accepts standard user proposals twice annually. Proposals are reviewed by an external board of subject-matter experts for scientific merit and feasibility. Successful proposals can be started at any time and last for a maximum of one year. Learn more about the review process and about other,

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    3. Prepare responses to proposal questions Prepare responses to the six proposal questions, keeping in mind the review criteria for each. The questions and criteria are given in the User Policy. Figures can be included when entering your responses in the proposal form.

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    4. Create and submit your proposal through the online proposal portal If you are a new user, create a user profile on the proposal submission portal. The portal also gives you access to your past and current proposals. Log in to the portal and complete the proposal form. You can save the proposal form before submitting and return to it later, if needed. Submit the proposal form. You will be asked to review your proposal for completeness before submitting. When ready, click the 'submit proposal

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    5. Complete secondary safety screening (except NCEM users) Once your project has been approved, one member of your user team must submit more detailed safety information in the Tier II EHS forms. These forms must be evaluated and approved before you can begin work at the Foundry. To complete the Tier II EHS forms, log in to the proposal portal and locate a link to the right of your proposal title. The instructions for completing the forms are also given in your approval email

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    7. Contact your assigned Foundry scientist Once your proposal is approved, a Foundry scientist will be assigned to your project; he or she will be your primary contact at the Foundry. Contact your assigned scientist, named in your acceptance email, to discuss the logistics of your project and your arrival date. If your safety training can be done remotely, your assigned scientist will initiate that process at this time

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    0. Meet with your assigned staff scientist Meet with your assigned staff scientist, who will help orient you to the building and will discuss your safety training and lab access.

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    1. Complete safety training (except NCEM users) Before performing any work in a laboratory, you must complete all safety training. Each person who will work at the Foundry must complete an online Job Hazard Analysis (JHA) form and complete the designated training before the start of their project. Your assigned staff scientist will initiate the JHA process with you. Safety training typically takes two to four days to complete.

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    3. Sign out with your assigned scientist When you have completed your on-site work, you must sign out with your assigned scientist. He or she will go over any samples or data that need to be saved or shipped, and verify that all work areas/equipment used are clean and functional

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    5. Submit a final project report Users are required to submit a Final Project Report within 30 days of completing their project. This report is necessary for any subsequent proposal submission by the same user. A detailed discussion of the project along with a list of the resulting publications or patents is required

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    can "see" how temperature changes from point to point inside the smallest electronic circuits. The technique, called plasmon energy expansion thermometry, or PEET, allows...

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    A diode is a fundamental building block of integrated circuits that acts as an electricity valve. A diode must be asymmetric so that electricity flowing in one direction ...

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    Since a diode acts as an electricity valve, its structure needs to be asymmetric so that electricity flowing in one direction experiences a different environment than electricity ...

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    Oil-Water Interface Peptoid nanosheets are among the largest and thinnest free-floating organic crystals ever made. The sheets are a few nanometers thick but up to 100 micrometers...

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    Hosted by Jim Schuck: With the current explosion of big data and cloud computing, data storage is of paramount importance. For nearly 60 years, hard disk drive technology has been ...

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    Big, Deep and Smart Data Analytics in Materials Imaging Workshop Held at ORNL In June, Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee hosted a meeting organized by the five DOE ...

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    is enough to be analyzed. When combined with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), multiple fractions were directly characterized, establishing a prototypical LC-SCD...

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    carbonate-the ubiquitous compound that is a major component of seashells, limestone, concrete, antacids and myriad other naturally and industrially produced substances-may...

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    for vehicles. Q: My mother-in-law likes to occasionally visit my son at the Fermi daycare. Will I still need to get her security clearance when she wants to visit him? A: No,...

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    switch composition from CdSe to PbSe, Cu2Se, and Ag2Se through cation exchange: The architecture of these porous films remained intact and the chemical transformations were...

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    Functionalized Nanosheets Designed For Molecular Recognition Architecture of a natural antibody (left) and an antibody-mimetic nanosheet (right) with a high density of loops on a...

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    Since natural sugars are difficult to manage, the development of proteoglycan mimics could significantly decrease the cost and complexity of tissue engineering and stem cell ...

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    short life, however, carbonic acid imparts a lasting impact on Earth's atmosphere and geology, as well as on the human body. However, because of its short lifespan, the detailed...

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    academia, and government-sponsored research, ranging from chemistry to materials to biomedical breakthroughs. The Molecular Foundry's Stefano Cabrini, in collaboration with...

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    1, 2014 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Peidong Yang, UC Berkeley Title: Semiconductor Nanowires for Artificial Photosynthesis Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Nanowires, with their...

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    to or may even exceed the capabilities of natural photosynthesis," says Peidong Yang, a Molecular Foundry user who led this work. "The bacteriainorganic-semiconductor...

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    for Microbial-based Energy Interconversion. Helms, from the Organic and Macromolecular Synthesis Facility, was awarded an LDRD for his project on Responsive Nanoparticle...

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    for ongoing Al K-edge XAS studies of actinide-aluminum alloys (with Booth, LBNL, and Bauer, LANL). A. B. Altman, C. D. Pemmaraju, C. Camp, J. Arnold, S. G. Minasian, D....

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    and do not distort during development, leading to good resolution (measured by half-pitch resolution (HP)), but suffer from poor sensitivity. Chemically amplified resists...

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    Probing carrier dynamics below the surface of solar cells (A) Schematic of the 2P microscope. 2D hyperspectral maps of lifetime were created by moving the laser excitation ...

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    located in the heart of the Blue Ridge Mountains and features the world's second largest man-made star, lit up every night for your viewing pleasure. He was an undergraduate...

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    The event built on recent planning activities such as the creation of the strategic plan and looked forward towards activities such as the DOE Budget Review in...

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    of 2D Semiconductor To the growing list of two-dimensional semiconductors, such as graphene, boron nitride, and molybdenum disulfide, whose unique electronic properties make...

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    2D Islands in Graphene Hold Promise for Future Device Fabrication In what could prove to be a significant advance in the fabrication of graphene-based nanodevices, a team of...

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    composite that improves water vapor blocking by 3000 times. Significance and Impact Corrosion of solar cell electrical contacts by water is a leading cause of device failure....

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    point to point inside the smallest electronic circuits. Significance and Impact Modern microelectronic circuits contain billions of nanometer-scale transistors, each generating...

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    Ralph Greenspan, UCSD Professor of Neurobiology and Director of the Center for Brain Activity Mapping, gave the first of three keynote addresses, discussing the BRAIN initiative ...

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    X-Therma scientists led by Xiaoxi Wei are developing a radical new highway of non-toxic, hyper-effective antifreeze agents to fight unwanted ice formation in regenerative...

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    Call for Proposals The Molecular Foundry user program gives researchers access to expertise and equipment for cutting-edge nanoscience in a collaborative, multidisciplinary environment. The program is open to scientists from academia, industry, and research institutes worldwide. Access is obtained through a brief, peer-reviewed proposal with no charge for users who intend to publish their results. There are two calls for standard proposals each year, with deadlines of March 31 and September 30.

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    4, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Ondrej Krivanek, Nion Title: Atomic-Resolution and Vibrational Studies of Materials by Aberration-Corrected Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopes (AC-STEMs) are able to form electron probes as small as 0.5 Å in diameter, and they can image and spectroscopically analyze single atoms in-situ. NCEM and Nion have pioneered many of these advances. Nion's main

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    1, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Donglin Jiang, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology Title: Covalent Organic Frameworks: Opportunities and Challenges Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Two-dimensional covalent polymers and organic frameworks are a class of crystalline polymers that enable the incorporation of organic building blocks into periodically aligned primary and high-order structures. In recent years, we have explored the design principle, synthetic reactions,

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    7, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Ozgur Sahin, Columbia University Title: Microbe-Powered Machines: Harnessing Water Confinement in Biological Nanostructures Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Plants and many other biological organisms have developed structures that are extraordinarily effective in harnessing spatial and temporal changes in relative humidity to actuate structural changes. It is surprising that structures and devices made by humans rarely, if ever, take advantage of this

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    4, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Anne Milasincic Andrews, UCLA Title: Chemical Neurotransmission and Functional Nanomaterials Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: Numerous small molecules including amino acids, amino acid derivatives, and peptides have been identified as chemical neurotransmitters. Neuronal cells using different neurotransmitters have spatially distinct patterns that translate into highly heterogeneous chemistries in brain extracellular microenvironments. Accordingly,

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    8, 2016 Time: 11:00 am Speaker: Mike Mills, The Ohio State University Title: Revealing the Mechanisms of Deformation in Structural Materials Using Advanced Characterization Techniques Location: 67-3111 Chemla Room Abstract: The international initiative on Integrated Computational Materials Engineering holds great promise for accelerating the insertion of new materials in high performance structural applications. Achieving this aim relies upon the fidelity of materials models and their ability to

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    List 3010 INSITU 80+ Reactive Ion Etcher (tool referred to as the RIE by nanofab staff) AAPPTec Apex 396 Peptide Synthesizer AB Sciex TF4800 MALDI-TOF-TOF - Ideal for small molecules and (bio)polymers between 500 and 150,000 Da molecular weights ABM optical contact printer Agilent (Molecular Imaging) PicoPlus Scanning Probe Microscope Agilent 1100 series (ion trap) LC-MS-MS Mass spectrometer Agilent 1100 Series Agilent 1200 nanoHPLC System Agilent 1260 Infinity Agilent analytical HPLC Agilent

  20. News Item

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

  1. News Item

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    Foundry Winter Seminar Series Begins February 3 More information, including speaker abstracts can be found here.

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    New Molecular Foundry Logo Released Following the merge of the Molecular Foundry and the National Center for Electron Microscopy (NCEM) at the start of FY 2015, a new logo has been created to represent the newly integrated center. The logo, as well as the design package that accompanies it, was developed professionally and guided by input from staff and users throughout the Foundry. Signifying a sense of place that integrates seven distinct scientific facilities, the new logo features a clean

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    A Better Way of Scrubbing CO2 A team of researchers at Berkeley Laboratory, including the Molecular Foundry, have discovered a more effective and lower cost means to one day remove carbon dioxide (CO2) from coal-fired power plants. By modifying a metal-organic-framework (MOF), the researchers were able to more than triple the CO2-scrubbing capacity of the MOF, while significantly reducing parasitic energy. Current carbon capture and storage technologies are based on aqueous amine scrubbers that

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    Research Could Lead to More Efficient Electrical Energy Storage Working with the Molecular Foundry's David Prendergast, as well as researchers at the Advanced Light Source, users from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have identified electrical charge-induced changes in the structure and bonding of graphitic carbon electrodes that may one day improve the way energy is stored in electrical energy storage systems, such as batteries and supercapacitors. The team developed a new X-ray

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    Foundry Spring/Summer Seminar Series Begins May 19

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    Most Singular Nano-Imaging Technique A multi-institutional team of researchers working at the Molecular Foundry has developed a new technique called "SINGLE" that provides the first atomic-scale images of colloidal nanoparticles. SINGLE, which stands for 3D Structure Identification of Nanoparticles by Graphene Liquid Cell Electron Microscopy, has been used to separately reconstruct the 3D structures of two individual platinum nanoparticles in solution. "Understanding structural

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    Foundry Research Selected as One of Berkeley Lab's 10 Science Solutions that are "On the Way" Berkeley Lab has updated its "On the Way" list, which showcases ten research projects or technologies that are either starting up, moving along, or getting ready to deliver. The list first rolled out last year, and is intended to highlight how today's science could lead to the solutions and discoveries of tomorrow. This year's edition of the list included the Foundry's Caroline

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    User Work Featured on Cover of Energy & Environmental Science

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    Foundry Fall Seminar Series Begins September 15 More information, including speaker abstracts can be found here.

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    Defects Through the Looking Glass Observing individual nanoscale defects in bulk insulators, a ubiquitous and essential component to almost all devices, has remained elusive: it's far easier to image the detailed electrical structure of conductors than insulators. Now, researchers at Berkeley Lab using the Molecular Foundry have demonstrated a new method that can be applied to study individual defects in a widely used bulk insulating material, hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN), by employing

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    Berkeley Lab Awarded $8 Million for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Research With commitments from leading car and stationary-power manufacturers to hydrogen and fuel cell technologies and the first ever fuel cell electric vehicle to go on sale later this year, interest is once again swelling in this carbon-free technology. Now, thanks to several new projects from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Fuel Cell Technologies Office, scientists from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) will

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    Making Smart Windows Even Smarter Nanocrystals of indium tin oxide (shown here in blue) embedded in a glassy matrix of niobium oxide (green) form a composite material that can switch between NIR-transmitting and NIR-blocking states with a small jolt of electricity. A synergistic interaction in the region where glassy matrix meets nanocrystal increases the potency of the electrochromic effect. Scientific Achievement Researchers have created a thin coating of nanocrystals embedded in glass that

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    3 Self-assembled Single-layer 2D Frameworks In the presence of macrocycle rings, rigid triangular struts are jointed and self-assemble in solution to create a supramolecular organic framework (SOF). Each strut contains functional units that resist stacking and results in single-layer 2D structures. Scientific Achievement Foundry Users have created the first 2D supramolecular organic framework (SOF) with honeycomb periodicity using a novel solution-based self-assembly approach. Significance and

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    Nanocrystal Simulation Verified by the Discovery of Predicted Hydroxyl Ions Calculated atomic structure of a 5 nm diameter nanocrystal passivated with oleate and hydroxyl ligands. Inset: High-resolution TEM images of the synthesized PbS-NC with enlarged views of selected nanocrystals Scientific Achievement A research team that included Molecular Foundry staff recently reported an atomic level simulation of semiconducting nanocrystals that provide a new understanding of the precise atomic

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    Research Team Creates a High-efficiency Solar Cell in 7 Steps An international team of researchers working at the Molecular Foundry has simplified the steps to create highly ...

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    Light JV characteristic and schematic of the dopant-free asymmetric heterocontact (DASH) silicon solar cell showing a conversion efficiency of 19.4%, with a high Voc above 710 mV, ...

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    Using Robots To Assemble Promising Antimicrobial Compounds There's an urgent demand for new antimicrobial compounds that are effective against constantly emerging drug-resistant...

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    and charge-phonon interactions, and slow energy relaxation due to mismatch between electronic energy gaps and phonon frequencies. The bulk view advocates that the kinetic...

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    Monolayer Behavior Retained in Bulk Semiconducting Transition Metal Dichalcogenide Comparison of the structure of ReS2 with the conventional structure of sTMDs such as MoS2 from...

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    A team of multidisciplinary researchers at the Berkeley Lab's Molecular Foundry used ... Manipulating GaN nanostructures offers the ability to custom design bulk material ...