Sample records for isopropyl alcohol msds

  1. Development of miscella refining process for cottonseed oil-isopropyl alcohol system: laboratory-scale evaluations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chau, Chi-Fai

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A technologically feasible cottonseed oil-isopropyl alcohol (IPA) miscella refining process was developed to produce high quality cottonseed oil. Individual steps necessary to refine cottonseed oil-IPA miscella were determined and improved...

  2. MSDS Resources on the web

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    MSDS Resources on the web (APS domain only) ANL Chemical Management System https:www.cms.anl.gov SIRI MSDS Index http:hazard.commsds Health Canada http:www.hc-sc.gc.ca...

  3. PROPANE -C3H8 MSDS (Document # 001045) PAGE 1 OF 8 MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Kyu Yong

    PROPANE - C3H8 MSDS (Document # 001045) PAGE 1 OF 8 MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET Prepared to U in an emergency? 1. PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION CHEMICAL NAME; CLASS: PROPANE - C3H8 Document Number: 001045 PRODUCT IN AIR ACGIH OSHA TLV STEL PEL STEL IDLH OTHER ppm ppm ppm ppm ppm Propane 74-98-6 > 96.0 Simple

  4. MSDS Glossary

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |IsLove Your Home and It'll Love YouTokamak |MPC EquipmentGlossary A

  5. MSDS Links

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |IsLove Your Home and It'll Love YouTokamak |MPC EquipmentGlossary

  6. MSDS Search

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |IsLove Your Home and It'll Love YouTokamak |MPC

  7. MSDS Training

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |IsLove Your Home and It'll Love YouTokamak |MPCTraining Radiation

  8. Non-Mandatory Appendix E to 1910. 900: Summary of the MSD/Ergonomics Program The purpose of this standard to reduce musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) developed by workers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choobineh, Fred

    1 Non-Mandatory Appendix E to §1910. 900: Summary of the MSD/Ergonomics Program Standard Purpose involve tasks that lead to MSDs. The principle behind ergonomics is that by fitting the job to the worker employees. If an adequate quick fix is implemented, an MSD/Ergonomics program need not be implemented. Job

  9. Detection of a branched alkyl molecule in the interstellar medium: iso-propyl cyanide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belloche, Arnaud; Müller, Holger S P; Menten, Karl M

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The largest non-cyclic molecules detected in the interstellar medium (ISM) are organic with a straight-chain carbon backbone. We report an interstellar detection of a branched alkyl molecule, iso-propyl cyanide (i-C3H7CN), with an abundance 0.4 times that of its straight-chain structural isomer. This detection suggests that branched carbon-chain molecules may be generally abundant in the ISM. Our astrochemical model indicates that both isomers are produced within or upon dust grain ice mantles through the addition of molecular radicals, albeit via differing reaction pathways. The production of iso-propyl cyanide appears to require the addition of a functional group to a non-terminal carbon in the chain. Its detection therefore bodes well for the presence in the ISM of amino acids, for which such side-chain structure is a key characteristic.

  10. ALCOJET MSDS -ALCOJET MSDS -ALCOJET MSDS -ALCOJET MSDS MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dickerson, Russell R.

    of available chlorine. Other Precautions: No special requirements other than the good industrial hygiene Generally Aggravated by Exposure: Not established. Unnecessary exposure to this product or any industrial and safety practices employed with any industrial chemical. VIII. CONTROL MEASURES Respiratory Protection

  11. CAMD Saftey and MSDS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem NotEnergy,ARMForms About Batteries BatteriesCAES Home Home About Us Dr.

  12. Working with Carbon Tetrachloride According to the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) special precautions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Yan

    in the laboratory. CAS number: 56-23-5 EPA Hazardous waste number: U211 Physical data: Clear, colorless liquid), and it is regulated under the Montreal Protocol. Below are some of the characteristics of CCl4 followed by some the skin or swallowed. Aspiration hazard if swallowed. Concern for people that consume alcohol as toxic

  13. Interactions mixing alcohol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bezrukov, Sergey M.

    --including many popular painkillers and cough, cold, and allergy remedies--contain more than one ingredient alcohol. Cough syrup and laxatives may have some of the high- est alcohol concentrations. ALCOHOL AFFECTS

  14. Caudate nucleus infarction demonstrated by N-isopropyl-p iodoamphetamine SPECT imaging using a rotating gamma camera

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Polak, J.F.; Mueller, S.P.; Holman, B.L.

    1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    N-isopropyl p-iodoamphetamine (I-123 IMP) was used in two patients with previous unilateral basal ganglia infarcts documented by CT of the head. Tomographic images obtained with a commercially available rotating gamma camera equipped with a long-bore collimator showed corresponding areas of decreased uptake in the head of the caudate nuclei. Detection of such small areas of decreased perfusion is possible using SPECT and I-123 radiolabeled IMP.

  15. Furfuryl alcohol cellular product

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sugama, T.; Kukacka, L.E.

    1982-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Self-extinguishing rigid foam products are formed by polymerization of furfuryl alcohol in the presence of a lightweight, particulate, filler, zinc chloride and selected catalysts.

  16. alcohol ethyl alcohol: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 243 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  17. Electrooxidation of Alcohols Catalyzed by Amino Alcohol Ligated Ruthenium Complexes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zare, Richard N.

    Alcohols are attractive chemical fuels for fuel cells due to their high energy densities, established, even the most highly optimized alcohol electrooxidation catalysts suffer from kinetic limitations

  18. Supported metal catalysts for alcohol/sugar alcohol steam reforming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davidson, Stephen; Zhang, He; Sun, Junming; Wang, Yong

    2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite extensive studies on hydrogen production via steam reforming of alcohols and sugar alcohols, catalysts typically suffer a variety of issues from poor hydrogen selectivity to rapid deactivation. Here, we summarize recent advances in fundamental understanding of functionality and structure of catalysts for alcohol/sugar alcohol steam reforming, and provide perspectives on further development required to design highly efficient steam reforming catalysts.

  19. Adsorption of propane, isopropyl, and hydrogen on cluster models of the M1 phase of Mo-V-Te-Nb-O mixed metal oxide catalyst

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Govindasamy, Agalya [University of Cincinnati; Muthukumar, Kaliappan [University of Cincinnati; Yu, Junjun [University of Cincinnati; Xu, Ye [ORNL; Guliants, Vadim V. [University of Cincinnati

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Mo-V-Te-Nb-O mixed metal oxide catalyst possessing the M1 phase structure is uniquely capable of directly converting propane into acrylonitrile. However, the mechanism of this complex eight-electron transformation, which includes a series of oxidative H-abstraction and N-insertion steps, remains poorly understood. We have conducted a density functional theory study of cluster models of the proposed active and selective site for propane ammoxidation, including the adsorption of propane, isopropyl (CH{sub 3}CHCH{sub 3}), and H which are involved in the first step of this transformation, that is, the methylene C-H bond scission in propane, on these active site models. Among the surface oxygen species, the telluryl oxo (Te=O) is found to be the most nucleophilic. Whereas the adsorption of propane is weak regardless of the MO{sub x} species involved, isopropyl and H adsorption exhibits strong preference in the order of Te=O > V=O > bridging oxygens > empty Mo apical site, suggesting the importance of TeO{sub x} species for H abstraction. The adsorption energies of isopropyl and H and consequently the reaction energy of the initial dehydrogenation of propane are strongly dependent on the number of ab planes included in the cluster, which points to the need to employ multilayer cluster models to correctly capture the energetics of surface chemistry on this mixed metal oxide catalyst.

  20. Production of hydrogen from alcohols

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Deluga, Gregg A. (St. Paul, MN); Schmidt, Lanny D. (Minneapolis, MN)

    2007-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A process for producing hydrogen from ethanol or other alcohols. The alcohol, optionally in combination with water, is contacted with a catalyst comprising rhodium. The overall process is preferably carried out under autothermal conditions.

  1. Fermentative alcohol production

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wilke, Charles R. (El Cerrito, CA); Maiorella, Brian L. (Berkeley, CA); Blanch, Harvey W. (Berkeley, CA); Cysewski, Gerald R. (Kennewick, WA)

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved fermentation process for producing alcohol which includes the combination of vacuum fermentation and vacuum distillation. Preferably, the vacuum distillation is carried out in two phases, one a fermentor proper operated at atmospheric pressure and a flash phase operated at reduced pressure with recycle of fermentation brew having a reduced alcohol content to the fermentor, using vapor recompression heating of the flash-pot recycle stream to heat the flash-pot or the distillation step, and using "water load balancing" (i.e., the molar ratio of water in the fermentor feed is the same as the molar ratio of water in the distillation overhead).

  2. Synthesis of 6-Methyl-9-propyldibenzothiophene-4-ol amended to 9-isopropyl-6-methyldibenzothiophene-4-ol. Final technical report, July 25, 1991--January 25, 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eisenbraun, E.J.

    1992-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a draft final technical report on Task 1 of a contract to synthesize 6-Methyl-9-propyldibenzothiophene-4-ol, as amended to 9- isopropyl-6-methyldibenzothiophene-4-ol. This report is a compilation of data presented in earlier reports. The first annual report dealt with an attempted synthesis of 4-methoxy-6-methyl-9- propyldibenzothiophene (the original target compound), the successful synthesis and delivery of 200 grams of the sulfide 1,4-diethyl-2- [(2{prime}-methoxyphenyl)-thio]benzene, and initial work on a new synthesis route for the preparation of the new target compound 9- isopropyl-6-methyldibenzothiophene-4-ol. The change to the new target compound and the new synthesis route became necessary when it was learned that the sulfide mixture could not be cyclized to the substituted dibenzothiophene mixture. The second annual report described the successful preparation of 45 g of the new target compound using the new synthesis route. Subsequently funds were provided to synthesize an additional 45 g of the new target using the same reaction scheme. This task was recently completed.

  3. Fuel alcohol opportunities for Indiana

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenglass, Bert

    1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Prepared at the request of US Senator Birch Bayh, Chairman of the National Alcohol Fuels Commission, this study may be best utilized as a guidebook and resource manual to foster the development of a statewide fuel alcohol plan. It examines sectors in Indiana which will impact or be impacted upon by the fuel alcohol industry. The study describes fuel alcohol technologies that could be pertinent to Indiana and also looks closely at how such a fuel alcohol industry may affect the economic and policy development of the State. Finally, the study presents options for Indiana, taking into account the national context of the developing fuel alcohol industry which, unlike many others, will be highly decentralized and more under the control of the lifeblood of our society - the agricultural community.

  4. alcoholism: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 237 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  5. alcoholates: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 237 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  6. alcohols: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 237 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  7. Radical-anions of aromatic compounds. VII. Reaction of the products from the reduction of nitrobenzene by sodium with isopropyl and tert-butyl iodides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Danilova, N.K.; Shteingarts, V.D.

    1986-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The reaction of the products from the reduction of nitrobenzene by one and two equivalents of sodium with isopropyl iodide leads to the formation of N,O-diisopropylphenylhydroxylamine, while the reaction with tert-butyl iodide leads to p-(tert-butyl)nitrobenzene. Such a change in the nature of the reaction product in the transition from the primary and secondary alkyl halides to the tertiary alkyl halides clearly results from a change in the S/sub N/2 mechanism to the S/sub RN/1 mechanism, involving transfer of an electron from the radical-anion or dianion of nitrobenzene to the alkyl halide. The formation of considerable amounts of azoxybenzene in the reaction with tert-butyl iodide shows that the dianion and, to a lesser degree, the radical-anion of nitrobenzene exhibit basic characteristics.

  8. Alcohol fuels program technical review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The last issue of the Alcohol Fuels Process R/D Newsletter contained a work breakdown structure (WBS) of the SERI Alcohol Fuels Program that stressed the subcontracted portion of the program and discussed the SERI biotechnology in-house program. This issue shows the WBS for the in-house programs and contains highlights for the remaining in-house tasks, that is, methanol production research, alcohol utilization research, and membrane research. The methanol production research activity consists of two elements: development of a pressurized oxygen gasifier and synthesis of catalytic materials to more efficiently convert synthesis gas to methanol and higher alcohols. A report is included (Finegold et al. 1981) that details the experimental apparatus and recent results obtained from the gasifier. The catalysis research is principally directed toward producing novel organometallic compounds for use as a homogeneous catalyst. The utilization research is directed toward the development of novel engine systems that use pure alcohol for fuel. Reforming methanol and ethanol catalytically to produce H/sub 2/ and CO gas for use as a fuel offers performance and efficiency advantages over burning alcohol directly as fuel in an engine. An application of this approach is also detailed at the end of this section. Another area of utilization is the use of fuel cells in transportation. In-house researchers investigating alternate electrolyte systems are exploring the direct and indirect use of alcohols in fuel cells. A workshop is being organized to explore potential applications of fuel cells in the transportation sector. The membrane research group is equipping to evaluate alcohol/water separation membranes and is also establishing cost estimation and energy utilization figures for use in alcohol plant design.

  9. Guidance Document Peroxide-FormingChemicals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    months. Acrylic acid Tetrafluoroethylene Acrylonitrile Vinyl acetate 1,3-Butadiene Vinyl acetylene months. Acetal Diethylene glycol dimethyl ether (diglyme) Isopropyl alcohol Acetaldehyde Diethyl ether Isopropyl propyl ether Acrylamide Diethyl fumatate Isopropyl vinyl ether Allyl ethyl ether Diethylketene 2

  10. alcohol testing program: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of alcohol and drugs. 6. Describe the personality traits of the alcoholic and drug addict. 7. Describe the treatment and rehabilitation of the alcoholic and drug addict. 8....

  11. alcohols aromatic tertiary: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of alcohol and drugs. 6. Describe the personality traits of the alcoholic and drug addict. 7. Describe the treatment and rehabilitation of the alcoholic and drug addict. 8....

  12. alcoholic liver injury: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of alcohol and drugs. 6. Describe the personality traits of the alcoholic and drug addict. 7. Describe the treatment and rehabilitation of the alcoholic and drug addict. 8....

  13. alcohol preference identified: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of alcohol and drugs. 6. Describe the personality traits of the alcoholic and drug addict. 7. Describe the treatment and rehabilitation of the alcoholic and drug addict. 8....

  14. alcohol ethanol propanols: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    alcohols and ethers in different alcohol-based products, e. g. in whisky, cognac, brandy, wine as well as in waste alcohol and alcohol beverage production, leads to the significant...

  15. Initial experience with SPECT (single-photon computerized tomography) of the brain using N-isopropyl I-123 p-iodoamphetamine: concise communication

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hill, T.C.; Holman, B.L.; Lovett, R.; O'Leary, D.H.; Front, D.; Magistretti, P.; Zimmerman, R.E.; Moore, S.; Clouse, M.E.; Wu, J.L.; Lin, T.H.; Baldwin, R.M.

    1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Forty-six patients were studied with N-isopropyl I-123 p-iodoamphetamine (IMP) and the Harvard Scanning Multidetector Brain System. In nine control patients, good differentiation between the gray and white matter of the cerebral cortex and the basal ganglia was evident. Regional uptake was affected by physiologic maneuvers (visual stimulation). In 24 patients studied for stroke, IMP images demonstrated areas that were involved in acute infarction in eight patients whose initial transmission computerized tomography (TCT) was normal; IMP also showed perfusion abnormalities larger than the TCT abnormality in ten patients. Perfusion abnormalities were present in 23/24 of these patients. Seven patients studied with a history of TIA had normal TCT and IMP images. In three patients studied during seizure activity, regions of hyperperfusion corresponded to the EEG seizure focus. Markedly decreased activity was present in three patients with brain tumor and corresponded to the focal abnormality on the TCT study. Our study demonstrates the feasibility of assessing regional brain perfusion using a radiopharmaceutical that is lipid soluble and has a high extraction fraction in the brain, together with single-photon ECT.

  16. alcohol intake alcohol: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    you are the victim of a crime on the U. One 12-ounce bottle of beer or a 5-ounce glass of wine (about a half-cup) has as much alcohol as a 1 Texas at Arlington, University of 11...

  17. Mechanisms of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Shannon Elizabeth

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    MECHANISMS OF FETAL ALCOHOL SPECTRUM DISORDERS A Dissertation by SHANNON ELIZABETH WILSON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2010 Major Subject: Biomedical Sciences Mechanisms of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Copyright 2010 Shannon Elizabeth Wilson MECHANISMS OF FETAL ALCOHOL...

  18. Catalyst for producing lower alcohols

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rathke, Jerome W. (Bolingbrook, IL); Klingler, Robert J. (Woodridge, IL); Heiberger, John J. (Glen Ellyn, IL)

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A process and system for the production of the lower alcohols such as methanol, ethanol and propanol involves the reaction of carbon monoxide and water in the presence of a lead salt and an alkali metal formate catalyst combination. The lead salt is present as solid particles such as lead titanate, lead molybdate, lead vanadate, lead zirconate, lead tantalate and lead silicates coated or in slurry within molten alkali metal formate. The reactants, carbon monoxide and steam are provided in gas form at relatively low pressures below 100 atmospheres and at temperatures of 200-400.degree. C. The resulted lower alcohols can be separated into boiling point fractions and recovered from the excess reactants by distillation.

  19. Acculturation, Alcohol Expectancies, and Alcohol Use Among Mexican-American Adolescents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flato, Claudia Graciela

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The current study was designed to examine the influence of cultural orientation on alcohol involvement among Mexican-American adolescents. Also, this study assessed whether cultural orientation predicted positive and negative alcohol expectancies...

  20. District Youth in Brief: Illegal Alcohol Sales to Minors Where Were Underage Youth Sold Alcohol During

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milchberg, Howard

    District Youth in Brief: Illegal Alcohol Sales to Minors Where Were Underage Youth Sold Alcohol the wards, approximately 9 to 16% of all compliance checks resulted in an illegal sale to a minor. The ward

  1. A PROTEOMIC STUDY OF OXIDATIVE STRESS IN ALCOHOLIC LIVER DISEASE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newton, Billy W.

    2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Alcoholic steatosis (AS) is the initial pathology associated with early stage alcoholic liver disease and is characterized by the accumulation of fat in the liver. AS is considered clinically benign as it is reversible, as compared with alcoholic...

  2. alcohol assessment measures: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    offspring, collectively termed fetal alcohol children) with a diagnosis of fetal alcohol syn- drome (FAS), partial FAS (pFAS), or alcohol Munoz, Douglas Perry 4 The Trajectory of...

  3. alcohol control policies: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Revised.Approved.February 2013. 1 Alcohol Policy Policy Name: Carleton University Alcohol Policy Computer Technologies and Information...

  4. alcohol pricing policies: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Revised.Approved.February 2013. 1 Alcohol Policy Policy Name: Carleton University Alcohol Policy Computer Technologies and Information...

  5. alcohol carburante ii: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 255 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  6. alcohol effects: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 330 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  7. alcohol oxidoreductases: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 253 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  8. alcohol exposure produces: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 303 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  9. alcohol induced hemoglobin: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 339 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  10. alcoholic intoxication: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 259 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  11. aliphatic alcohols studies: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 393 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  12. alcoholic cirrhosis relations: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 314 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  13. alcohol pendant groups: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 331 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  14. alcohol blood tests: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 349 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  15. alcohol dehydrogenase ii: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 345 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  16. alcoholic liver cirrhosis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 348 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  17. allyl alcohols catalyzed: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 474 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  18. alcohol acyltransferase awat: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 248 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  19. alcoholic cirrhosis relation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 314 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  20. alcohols ketones alkanediols: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 292 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  1. acetate allyl alcohol: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 350 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  2. alcohol wipe sampling: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 270 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  3. amyl alcohols: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 240 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  4. atribuible al alcohol: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 267 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  5. alcoholics attending outpatient: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 398 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  6. alcohol tests: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 269 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  7. allyl alcohol cyclization: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 333 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  8. alcohol glucosides implications: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 257 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  9. alcohol survey hablas: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 299 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  10. alcohols aldehydes acids: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 323 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  11. alcohol measurement methodology: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 425 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  12. acute alcohol intoxication: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 280 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  13. Design Case Summary: Production of Mixed Alcohols from Municipal...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Mixed Alcohols from Municipal Solid Waste via Gasification Design Case Summary: Production of Mixed Alcohols from Municipal Solid Waste via Gasification The Bioenergy Technologies...

  14. Renewable Hydrogen Production Using Sugars and Sugar Alcohols...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Using Sugars and Sugar Alcohols (Presentation) Renewable Hydrogen Production Using Sugars and Sugar Alcohols (Presentation) Presented at the 2007 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen...

  15. aqueous polyvinyl alcohol: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    fuel cell Activated carbon Separator Cathode Poly(vinyl alcohol) High for the oxygen reduction cathode catalyst and the electrode separator. A poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA 9...

  16. alcoholic beverage hormesis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Alcohol Defined: Any liquor (distilled spirits), beer (fermented malt beverage) or wine containing ethyl alcohol. Boise State Barrash, Warren 48 THE OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY at...

  17. alcoholic beverage preference: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Alcohol Defined: Any liquor (distilled spirits), beer (fermented malt beverage) or wine containing ethyl alcohol. Boise State Barrash, Warren 50 THE OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY at...

  18. alcoholic beverages: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Alcohol Defined: Any liquor (distilled spirits), beer (fermented malt beverage) or wine containing ethyl alcohol. Boise State Barrash, Warren 47 THE OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY at...

  19. adolescent alcohol abuse: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    consultation with the National Institute on Drug Abuse, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, and the Health Care Financing Administration. Substance Abuse; Child...

  20. alcohol dependence patients: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (Pubmed ID 20192950) Hesselbrock MN, Chartier KG, Chan G Oliver, Douglas L. 4 Treatment of alcohol dependence CiteSeer Summary: It is important to manage alcohol withdrawal...

  1. aqueous alcohol injection: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    alcohol with medicines 12;MaycauseDROW SINESS. ALCOHOL mayintensifythiseffect. USE CARE whenoperatingacar ordangerousmachinery. 1 Harmful interactions Some medicines that you...

  2. alcohol dependent patients: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (Pubmed ID 20192950) Hesselbrock MN, Chartier KG, Chan G Oliver, Douglas L. 4 Treatment of alcohol dependence CiteSeer Summary: It is important to manage alcohol withdrawal...

  3. alcohol dehydrogenase: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    alcohol with medicines 12;MaycauseDROW SINESS. ALCOHOL mayintensifythiseffect. USE CARE whenoperatingacar ordangerousmachinery. 1 Harmful interactions Some medicines that you...

  4. alcohol dehydrogenase accentuates: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    alcohol with medicines 12;MaycauseDROW SINESS. ALCOHOL mayintensifythiseffect. USE CARE whenoperatingacar ordangerousmachinery. 1 Harmful interactions Some medicines that you...

  5. alcohol septal myocardial: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    alcohol with medicines 12;MaycauseDROW SINESS. ALCOHOL mayintensifythiseffect. USE CARE whenoperatingacar ordangerousmachinery. 1 Harmful interactions Some medicines that you...

  6. alcohol dehydrogenase accentuated: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    alcohol with medicines 12;MaycauseDROW SINESS. ALCOHOL mayintensifythiseffect. USE CARE whenoperatingacar ordangerousmachinery. 1 Harmful interactions Some medicines that you...

  7. alcohol aldehyde esters: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    alcohol with medicines 12;MaycauseDROW SINESS. ALCOHOL mayintensifythiseffect. USE CARE whenoperatingacar ordangerousmachinery. 1 Harmful interactions Some medicines that you...

  8. alcohol dehydrogenase fgadh: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    alcohol with medicines 12;MaycauseDROW SINESS. ALCOHOL mayintensifythiseffect. USE CARE whenoperatingacar ordangerousmachinery. 1 Harmful interactions Some medicines that you...

  9. alcohol biomarker phosphatidylethanol: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    alcohol with medicines 12;MaycauseDROW SINESS. ALCOHOL mayintensifythiseffect. USE CARE whenoperatingacar ordangerousmachinery. 1 Harmful interactions Some medicines that you...

  10. Studies on the mechanism of alcohol oxidase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menon, Vipin

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    substituted ethanois as substrates has been examined using kinetic isotope effects, structure-reactivity correlations, and pH effects. Initial velocity line patterns for ethanol and bromoethanol as substrates for alcohol oxidase showed parallel lines...

  11. Microprocessor control for alcohol fuel fumigation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, J.T.

    1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A microprocessor system for controlling alcohol fumigation rate was designed and applied to a diesel tractor. The system uses a single-board microprocessor system to measure throttle position and engine speed. The microprocessor, with appropriate interfaces and software, uses these inputs to control the rate at which a solenoid valve sprays alcohol into the intake tube of a diesel engine. The microprocessor system, interfaces, and software are described in this report.

  12. Third international symposium on alcohol fuels technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At the opening of the Symposium, Dr. Sharrah, Senior Vice President of Continental Oil Company, addressed the attendees, and his remarks are included in this volume. The Symposium was concluded by workshops which addressed specific topics. The topical titles are as follows: alcohol uses; production; environment and safety; and socio-economic. The workshops reflected a growing confidence among the attendees that the alcohols from coal, remote natural gas and biomass do offer alternatives to petroleum fuels. Further, they may, in the long run, prove to be equal or superior to the petroleum fuels when the aspects of performance, environment, health and safety are combined with the renewable aspect of the biomass derived alcohols. Although considerable activity in the production and use of alcohols is now appearing in many parts of the world, the absence of strong, broad scale assessment and support for these fuels by the United States Federal Government was a noted point of concern by the attendees. The environmental consequence of using alcohols continues to be more benign in general than the petroleum based fuels. The exception is the family of aldehydes. Although the aldehydes are easily suppressed by catalysts, it is important to understand their production in the combustion process. Progress is being made in this regard. Of course, the goal is to burn the alcohols so cleanly that catalytic equipment can be eliminated. Separate abstracts are prepared for the Energy Data Base for individual presentations.

  13. Alcohol Services Category #1 # Permit Applica2on Category #2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powers, Robert

    Alcohol Services Category #1 # Permit Applica2on Category #2 Category #3 If an outdoor event, a;ach UNL Police approved licensed area plan to Permit Request ADMINISTRATOR TO OBTAIN THE REQUIRED ALCOHOL SERVICES PERMIT FOR EACH EVENT

  14. Mechanisms underlying fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: ovine model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramadoss, Jayanth

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Maternal alcohol abuse during pregnancy can result in a range of structural and functional abnormalities that include lifelong physical, mental, behavioral and learning disabilities, now collectively termed as Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD...

  15. Inductive Effect of Alkyl Chains on Alcohol Dehydration at Bridge...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Inductive Effect of Alkyl Chains on Alcohol Dehydration at Bridge-Bonded Oxygen Vacancies of TiO2(110). Inductive Effect of Alkyl Chains on Alcohol Dehydration at Bridge-Bonded...

  16. alcohol fuels provisions: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    were prepared with spray Polyvinyl alcohol a b s t r a c t Separators are used to protect cathodes from biofouling and to avoid 6 Electrooxidation of Alcohols Catalyzed by...

  17. alcohol fuels: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    were prepared with spray Polyvinyl alcohol a b s t r a c t Separators are used to protect cathodes from biofouling and to avoid 5 Electrooxidation of Alcohols Catalyzed by...

  18. Improved fermentative alcohol production. [Patent application

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wilke, C.R.; Maiorella, B.L.; Blanch, H.W.; Cysewski, G.R.

    1980-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved fermentation process is described for producing alcohol which includes the combination of vacuum fermentation and vacuum distillation. Preferably, the vacuum distillation is carried out in two phases, one a fermentor proper operated at atmospheric pressure and a flash phase operated at reduced pressure with recycle of fermentation brew having a reduced alcohol content to the fermentor, using vapor recompression heating of the flash-pot recycle stream to heat the flash-pot or the distillation step, and using water load balancing (i.e., the molar ratio of water in the fermentor feed is the same as the molar ratio of water in the distillation overhead).

  19. RESIDENCE ALCOHOL POLICY Residence students are expected to use alcohol responsibly and to follow the University Alcohol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of a student's room must be in personalized plastic containers or cans. Students who wish to transport open alcohol within the residence may do so only in a covered personalized plastic container. Cases of beer are not considered personalized containers and therefore are not permitted for consumption in common areas. Unopened

  20. alcoholic pancreatitis lessons: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... 6 Recognizing an alcohol problem ... 8 Guidelines for family and friends Tullos, Desiree 56 Planning Effective Lessons Unit...

  1. Alcohol synthesis from CO or CO.sub.2

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hu, Jianli [Kennewick, WA; Dagle, Robert A [Richland, WA; Holladay, Jamelyn D [Kennewick, WA; Cao, Chunshe [Houston, TX; Wang, Yong [Richland, WA; White, James F [Richland, WA; Elliott, Douglas C [Richland, WA; Stevens, Don J [Richland, WA

    2010-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods for producing alcohols from CO or CO.sub.2 and H.sub.2 utilizing a palladium-zinc on alumina catalyst are described. Methods of synthesizing alcohols over various catalysts in microchannels are also described. Ethanol, higher alcohols, and other C.sub.2+ oxygenates can produced utilizing Rh--Mn or a Fisher-Tropsch catalyst.

  2. When alcohol-dependent people try to stop drink-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Chris I.

    some form of treatment. If you or someone you care about may have an alcohol problem, help is available--so they may drink some more, and it becomes a vicious cycle. "Addiction has 3 major problems: You lose your researcher studying new alcoholism treatments. "People develop an alcohol disorder National Institutes

  3. AUTHORIZATION TO PURCHASE ALCOHOL Please provide the following information each time alcohol is ordered.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiblen, George D

    : ___________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ Order Quantity __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ Stock # CX20442 CX20445 CX20460 CX20457 CX20461 Units Pint Gallon 5 Gallon Gallon 5 Gallon Description 200 Proof Ethyl Alcohol (Case of 24

  4. IDENTIFYING HEALTHY ALCOHOL CUSTOMS: A CULTURAL ANALYSIS COMPARING THE ITALIAN AND AMERICAN ALCOHOL CULTURES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Cindy 1989-

    2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    indicating Italy‘s ability to limit the probability for unhealthy drinking habits that lead to issues such as drunkenness or alcoholism. Comparison of these data prompted this research. The research aims to highlight the underlying cultural values that lead...

  5. Pervaporation separation of aqueous alcohol solution through asymmetric polycarbonate membrane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, K.R.; Liu, M.J.; Lai, J.Y. (Chung Yuan Univ., Chung Li (Taiwan, Province of China))

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the present work the separation of aqueous alcohol mixtures through wet-phase inversion prepared polycarbonate membranes was studied by using the pervaporation process. The formation of asymmetric pervaporation membranes was discussed in terms of the presence of a nonsolvent in the casting solution, the polycarbonate concentration, and the kinds of coagulation media. The effects of feed composition, swelling degree, and the size of the alcohols on the pervaporation performances were investigated. The rate of liquid-liquid demixing increases with a decreasing number of carbon atoms of the alcohol coagulation medium. The permeation rate of the pervaporation process for the nonsolvent-added membrane was much higher than that of the membrane without nonsolvent additive. In binary alcohol mixtures, the permselectivities of small-sized alcohols through the asymmetric membrane are decided by two factors: preferential solubility of larger-sized alcohol and predominant diffusivity of small-sized alcohol. 19 refs., 8 figs., 6 tabs.

  6. Alcohol, Drugs, and Accident Prevention (RC-371/-571) Course Description The role of alcohol and drugs and their relationship to accident causation will be examined. The problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Mingshen

    Alcohol, Drugs, and Accident Prevention (RC-371/-571) Course Description The role of alcohol and drugs and their relationship to accident causation will be examined. The problem of alcoholism and drug

  7. How to Translate a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherrill, David

    ­ Section 6- Health Hazards ­ Section 7- Storage and Handling Procedures ­ Section 8- Emergency First Aid = 1, Propane =1.6, Hydrogen = 0.1, Gasoline = 3.0 - 4.0 Vapor Density is Important Because If # > 1, the material will sink Examples: Water = 1, Gasoline = 0.8 #12;Specific Gravity is Important

  8. Material Safety Data Sheet MSDS ID NO.: 0137SPE012

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageStationGreenhouse GasCalifornia State0ButtonWeb site and

  9. Limonene and tetrahydrofurfurly alcohol cleaning agent

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bohnert, George W. (Harrisonville, MO); Carter, Richard D. (Lee's Summit, MO); Hand, Thomas E. (Lee's Summit, MO); Powers, Michael T. (Santa Rosa, CA)

    1997-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention is a tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol and limonene cleaning agent and method for formulating and/or using the cleaning agent. This cleaning agent effectively removes both polar and nonpolar contaminants from various electrical and mechanical parts and is readily used without surfactants, thereby reducing the need for additional cleaning operations. The cleaning agent is warm water rinsable without the use of surfactants. The cleaning agent can be azeotropic, enhancing ease of use in cleaning operations and ease of recycling.

  10. Limonene and tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol cleaning agent

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bohnert, G.W.; Carter, R.D.; Hand, T.E.; Powers, M.T.

    1996-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention is a tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol and limonene or terpineol cleaning agent and method for formulating and/or using the cleaning agent. This cleaning agent effectively removes both polar and nonpolar contaminants from various electrical and mechanical parts and is readily used without surfactants, thereby reducing the need for additional cleaning operations. The cleaning agent is warm water rinsable without the use of surfactants. The cleaning agent can be azeotropic, enhancing ease of use in cleaning operations and ease of recycling.

  11. Limonene and tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol cleaning agent

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bohnert, G.W.; Carter, R.D.; Hand, T.E.; Powers, M.T.

    1997-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention is a tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol and limonene cleaning agent and method for formulating and/or using the cleaning agent. This cleaning agent effectively removes both polar and nonpolar contaminants from various electrical and mechanical parts and is readily used without surfactants, thereby reducing the need for additional cleaning operations. The cleaning agent is warm water rinsable without the use of surfactants. The cleaning agent can be azeotropic, enhancing ease of use in cleaning operations and ease of recycling.

  12. Catalyst Activity Comparison of Alcohols over Zeolites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramasamy, Karthikeyan K.; Wang, Yong

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Alcohol transformation to transportation fuel range hydrocarbon on HZSM-5 (SiO2 / Al2O3 = 30) catalyst was studied at 360oC and 300psig. Product distributions and catalyst life were compared using methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol or 1-butanol as a feed. The catalyst life for 1-propanol and 1-butanol was more than double compared to that for methanol and ethanol. For all the alcohols studied, the product distributions (classified to paraffin, olefin, napthene, aromatic and naphthalene compounds) varied with time on stream (TOS). At 24 hours TOS, liquid product from 1-propanol and 1-butanol transformation primarily contains higher olefin compounds. The alcohol transformation process to higher hydrocarbon involves a complex set of reaction pathways such as dehydration, oligomerization, dehydrocyclization, and hydrogenation. Compared to ethylene generated from methanol and ethanol, oligomerization of propylene and butylene has a lower activation energy and can readily take place on weaker acidic sites. On the other hand, dehydrocyclization of propylene and butylene to form the cyclic compounds requires the sits with stronger acid strength. Combination of the above mentioned reasons are the primary reasons for olefin rich product generated in the later stage of the time on stream and for the extended catalyst life time for 1 propanol and 1 butanol compared to methanol and ethanol conversion over HZSM-5.

  13. Separation and concentration of lower alcohols from dilute aqueous solutions

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Moore, Raymond H. (Richland, WA); Eakin, David E. (Kennewick, WA); Baker, Eddie G. (Richland, WA); Hallen, Richard T. (Richland, WA)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A process for producing, from a dilute aqueous solution of a lower (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alcohol, a concentrated liquid solution of the alcohol in an aromatic organic solvent is disclosed. Most of the water is removed from the dilute aqueous solution of alcohol by chilling sufficiently to form ice crystals. Simultaneously, the remaining liquid is extracted at substantially the same low temperature with a liquid organic solvent that is substantially immiscible in aqueous liquids and has an affinity for the alcohol at that temperature, causing the alcohol to transfer to the organic phase. After separating the organic liquid from the ice crystals, the organic liquid can be distilled to enrich the concentration of alcohol therein. Ethanol so separated from water and concentrated in an organic solvent such as toluene is useful as an anti-knock additive for gasoline.

  14. Roles of Acetone and Diacetone Alcohol in Coordination and Dissociatio...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    can form stable complexes, but that the effective number of atoms coordinating with uranium in the equatorial plane does not exceed five. Diacetone alcohol ligands are shown...

  15. alcohol randomized controlled: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Anne; Sweeting, Michael; Touquet, Robin; Tyrer, Peter; Ward, Helen; Crawford, Mike J 2012-08-25 2 ALCOHOL CiteSeer Summary: Excess drinking is associated with lost...

  16. adolescent alcohol problems: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ORIENTATION AND SOCIAL PERCEPTION OF AN ALCOHOLIC POPULATION A Thesis by ROBERT MILLARD SHAN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial...

  17. alcohol drinking patterns: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Brief Intervention and Referral Treatment ( 2013-01-01 20 Symposium: Drink and the Life Cycle Mathematics Websites Summary: and Alcohol in Ancient Rome." Ruth Cherrington...

  18. alcohol abuse: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    RESEARCH EDUCATION PROJECT GRANTS (R25) Funding Opportunity Number: PAR -11-205. CFDA Number(s) 93.273. Engineering Websites Summary: Grant Title: ALCOHOL RESEARCH EDUCATION...

  19. alcohol industries case: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    documents. The search was conducted by entering alcohol-related terms into search fields of tobacco document archive sites available on the World Wide Web RESULTS: Key...

  20. Cold-Start Performance and Emissions Behavior of Alcohol Fuels...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Emissions Behavior of Alcohol Fuels in an SIDI Engine Using Transient Hardware-In-Loop Test Methods Andrew Ickes & Thomas Wallner Argonne National Laboratory 17 th Directions in...

  1. alcohol aldehyde acetals: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    . Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ??Liver alcohol dehydrogenase oxidizes ethanol to acetaldehyde, which is further oxidized to acetate by aldehyde dehydrogenase-2...

  2. alcohol dehydrogenase effects: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Indianapolis (IUPUI) Alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) genes encode proteins that metabolize ethanol to acetaldehyde. Humans have seven ADH genes in a cluster. The (more) Pochareddy,...

  3. alcohol ingestion exacerbates: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Alcoholism and Strongyloides stercoralis: Daily Ethanol Ingestion Has a Positive Correlation with the Frequency of Strongyloides Larvae in...

  4. alcohols aldehydes acetals: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    . Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ??Liver alcohol dehydrogenase oxidizes ethanol to acetaldehyde, which is further oxidized to acetate by aldehyde dehydrogenase-2...

  5. alcohols catalyst names: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    here: Write your TA's name here Mathematics Websites Summary: ), alcohol, tobacco, firearms, explosives, a calculator, other students' tests, anything that has headphones 20 7...

  6. alcohol treatment service: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Background: Alcohol consumption, current injecting drug use, and pre-existing mental illness have been identified as 3 of the main reasons for excluding patients from...

  7. alcohol outcome expectancies: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Background: Alcohol consumption, current injecting drug use, and pre-existing mental illness have been identified as 3 of the main reasons for excluding patients from...

  8. Minimally refined biomass fuel. [carbohydrate-water-alcohol mixture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pearson, R.K.; Hirschfeld, T.B.

    1981-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A minimally refined fluid composition, suitable as a fuel mixture and derived from biomass material, is comprised of one or more water-soluble carbohydrates such as sucrose, one or more alcohols having less than four carbons, and water. The carbohydrate provides the fuel source; water-solubilizes the carbohydrate; and the alcohol aids in the combustion of the carbohydrate and reduces the viscosity of the carbohydrate/water solution. Because less energy is required to obtain the carbohydrate from the raw biomass than alcohol, an overall energy savings is realized compared to fuels employing alcohol as the primary fuel.

  9. alcoholic beverage consumption: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Email: Date of Event: Event Title: Alcohol Service: Begin Time: End Time: Check here if wine to encourage members of the University community to make responsible decisions about...

  10. alcohol consumption taqib: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Websites Summary: Ancient history of sexual arousal and alcohol For if a man drink wine to drunkenness, he disturbeth from heaven to earth. Clement of Alexandria, 2nd...

  11. alcohol exposed pregnancies: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and health practices in pregnancy.Depression Other diagnosed mental illness Substance Abuse Cigarettes Alcohol Cocaine Heroin Methamphetamine Non-use in pregnancydepression...

  12. alcohol abuse patients: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    treatment outcomes of older adults versus middle-aged and younger adults in a managed care program University of California eScholarship Repository Summary: alcohol use...

  13. alcohol metabolite depends: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Constitutive Nuclear Factor-KB Pathway Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: alcohol treatment are not well studied. Here, we investigated whether the monoterpenes can regu- late...

  14. alcohol dependence severity: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Constitutive Nuclear Factor-KB Pathway Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: alcohol treatment are not well studied. Here, we investigated whether the monoterpenes can regu- late...

  15. alcohol amnestic disorder: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    treatment outcomes of older adults versus middle-aged and younger adults in a managed care program University of California eScholarship Repository Summary: alcohol use...

  16. alcohol dependent hepatocyte: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Constitutive Nuclear Factor-KB Pathway Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: alcohol treatment are not well studied. Here, we investigated whether the monoterpenes can regu- late...

  17. alcohol dependence results: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Constitutive Nuclear Factor-KB Pathway Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: alcohol treatment are not well studied. Here, we investigated whether the monoterpenes can regu- late...

  18. alcohol dependence schizophrenia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Constitutive Nuclear Factor-KB Pathway Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: alcohol treatment are not well studied. Here, we investigated whether the monoterpenes can regu- late...

  19. alcohol dependence increases: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Constitutive Nuclear Factor-KB Pathway Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: alcohol treatment are not well studied. Here, we investigated whether the monoterpenes can regu- late...

  20. alcohol dependence implicates: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Constitutive Nuclear Factor-KB Pathway Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: alcohol treatment are not well studied. Here, we investigated whether the monoterpenes can regu- late...

  1. Thermochemical Ethanol via Indirect Gasification and Mixed Alcohol...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    and Mixed Alcohol Synthesis of Lignocellulosic Biomass More Documents & Publications Syngas Upgrading to Hydrocarbon Fuels Technology Pathway Design Case Summary: Production of...

  2. Factor structure analysis of the Comprehensive Effects of Alcohol - Spanish questionnaire among adolescents in Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flato, Claudia Graciela

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Expectancies about the effects of alcohol predict alcohol consumption among adolescent children. Although alcohol-expectancy measures have been validated to use with English speaking populations, there is currently no available information...

  3. Effects of Maternal L-glutamine Supplementation on Fetus to Mitigate Teratogenic Effects of Alcohol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sawant, Onkar Balkrishna

    2013-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Women who drink alcohol during pregnancy are at high risk of giving birth to children with physical, behavioral or cognitive developmental problems called Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). Prenatal alcohol exposure is known to be associated...

  4. Liver proteomics in progressive alcoholic steatosis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fernando, Harshica [Department of Pathology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555 (United States)] [Department of Pathology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555 (United States); Wiktorowicz, John E.; Soman, Kizhake V. [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555 (United States)] [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555 (United States); Kaphalia, Bhupendra S.; Khan, M. Firoze [Department of Pathology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555 (United States)] [Department of Pathology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555 (United States); Shakeel Ansari, G.A., E-mail: sansari@utmb.edu [Department of Pathology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555 (United States)

    2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fatty liver is an early stage of alcoholic and nonalcoholic liver disease (ALD and NALD) that progresses to steatohepatitis and other irreversible conditions. In this study, we identified proteins that were differentially expressed in the livers of rats fed 5% ethanol in a Lieber–DeCarli diet daily for 1 and 3 months by discovery proteomics (two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry) and non-parametric modeling (Multivariate Adaptive Regression Splines). Hepatic fatty infiltration was significantly higher in ethanol-fed animals as compared to controls, and more pronounced at 3 months of ethanol feeding. Discovery proteomics identified changes in the expression of proteins involved in alcohol, lipid, and amino acid metabolism after ethanol feeding. At 1 and 3 months, 12 and 15 different proteins were differentially expressed. Of the identified proteins, down regulation of alcohol dehydrogenase (? 1.6) at 1 month and up regulation of aldehyde dehydrogenase (2.1) at 3 months could be a protective/adaptive mechanism against ethanol toxicity. In addition, betaine-homocysteine S-methyltransferase 2 a protein responsible for methionine metabolism and previously implicated in fatty liver development was significantly up regulated (1.4) at ethanol-induced fatty liver stage (1 month) while peroxiredoxin-1 was down regulated (? 1.5) at late fatty liver stage (3 months). Nonparametric analysis of the protein spots yielded fewer proteins and narrowed the list of possible markers and identified D-dopachrome tautomerase (? 1.7, at 3 months) as a possible marker for ethanol-induced early steatohepatitis. The observed differential regulation of proteins have potential to serve as biomarker signature for the detection of steatosis and its progression to steatohepatitis once validated in plasma/serum. -- Graphical abstract: The figure shows the Hierarchial cluster analysis of differentially expressed protein spots obtained after ethanol feeding for 1 (1–3) and 3 (4–6) months. C and E represent pair-fed control and ethanol-fed rats, respectively. Highlights: ? Proteins related to ethanol-induced steatosis and mild steatohepatitis are identified. ? ADH1C and ALDH2 involved in alcohol metabolism are differentially expressed at 1 and 3 months. ? Discovery proteomics identified a group of proteins to serve as potential biomarkers. ? Using nonparametric analysis DDT is identified as a possible marker for liver damage.

  5. alcohols structure-activity relationship: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 317 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  6. alcohol induced region-dependent: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 263 Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using...

  7. alcohol synthesis cu-co: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 278 PROCEDURES FOR LEHIGH UNIVERSITY SPONSORED EVENTS WHERE ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES ARE...

  8. alcohol synthesis cu-co-cr: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike 272 PROCEDURES FOR LEHIGH UNIVERSITY SPONSORED EVENTS WHERE ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES ARE...

  9. Process for producing fuel grade ethanol by continuous fermentation, solvent extraction and alcohol separation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tedder, Daniel W. (Marietta, GA)

    1985-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Alcohol substantially free of water is prepared by continuously fermenting a fermentable biomass feedstock in a fermentation unit, thereby forming an aqueous fermentation liquor containing alcohol and microorganisms. Continuously extracting a portion of alcohol from said fermentation liquor with an organic solvent system containing an extractant for said alcohol, thereby forming an alcohol-organic solvent extract phase and an aqueous raffinate. Said alcohol is separated from said alcohol-organic solvent phase. A raffinate comprising microorganisms and unextracted alcohol is returned to the fermentation unit.

  10. alcohol dependence-a review: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    alcohol with medicines 12;MaycauseDROW SINESS. ALCOHOL mayintensifythiseffect. USE CARE whenoperatingacar ordangerousmachinery. 1 Harmful interactions Some medicines that you...

  11. alcohol abstinence-a randomized: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    alcohol with medicines 12;MaycauseDROW SINESS. ALCOHOL mayintensifythiseffect. USE CARE whenoperatingacar ordangerousmachinery. 1 Harmful interactions Some medicines that you...

  12. Alcohol Services Category #1 # Permit Application Category #2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powers, Robert

    Alcohol Services Category #1 # Permit Application Category #2 Category #3 Facility to be Used If an outdoor event, attach UNL Police approved licensed area plan to Permit Request. This individual may TO OBTAIN THE REQUIRED ALCOHOL SERVICES PERMIT FOR EACH EVENT. THE APPROVED CATERER IS RESPONSIBLE

  13. Office of Alcohol Fuels Program plan, FY 1981

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of the Office of Alcohol Fuels is to promote the production, distribution, and use of alcohol fuels. The program objectives are defined and the strategy for implementation is described. An organizational model of the operation is included. The roles of the 3 program offices and various field offices are described. (DMC)

  14. The effects of adult-onset alcoholism on cortical bone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moe, Atha Louise

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -fed liquid control diet or rat pellet chow for either 8 or 14 weeks. An additional group of animals (alcohol cessation and pair-fed cessation) was fed the alcohol diet for 8 weeks with pair-fed partners receiving the liquid control diet. These animals were...

  15. Alcohol Fuel Cells at Optimal Temperatures Tetsuya Uda,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alcohol Fuel Cells at Optimal Temperatures Tetsuya Uda,a Dane A. Boysen,b Calum R. I. Chisholm of operation, 250°C, is matched both to the optimal value for fuel cell power output and for reforming. Peak, California 91125, USA High-power-density alcohol fuel cells can relieve many of the daunting challenges

  16. Corynebacterium nuruki sp. nov., isolated from an alcohol fermentation starter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bae, Jin-Woo

    were meso-diaminopimelic acid, alanine, glycine and glutamic acid. The strain contained mycolic acidsCorynebacterium nuruki sp. nov., isolated from an alcohol fermentation starter Na-Ri Shin, Mi , was isolated from a Korean alcohol fermentation starter. Optimal growth occurred at 37 6C, at pH 8 and in 1

  17. Ms. Victoria A. White Chief Operating Officer Fermilab

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    checked items in section III. Chemical Use or Storage Isopropyl alcohol -for cleaning tooling and work surfaces CTD 1202 -proprietary ceramic binder used to hold coil together...

  18. Control substances and alcohol use and testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Przybylski, J.L.

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Omnibus Transportation Employee Testing Act was signed into law in October of 1991. The Omnibus Transportation Employee Testing Act of 1991 required the United States Department of Transportation (DOT) to enact regulations requiring the testing of employees that perform ``safety sensitive functions`` for illegal controlled substance use and alcohol misuse. The Transportation Management Division, Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (TMD/EM-261), United States Department of Energy (DOE), Training Program Manager is committed to promoting the availability of the necessary information to those affected members of the Department of Energy (DOE) community in an effort to attain the highest possible level of regulatory compliance and to enhance the safety of each individual in the workplace.

  19. The Fusion Curve of Ammonia and Ethyl Alcohol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Broderson, H.J.

    1911-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ’ Center for Digital Scholarship. http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu Submitted to the Graduate School of the University of Kansas for partial completion of Master of Arts. THE FUSION CURVE OF AMMONIA AND ETHYL ALCOHOL H. J. BRODERSON THE 2?03IOH CUHVB OP... AMMOHIA AND ETHXL ALCOHOL. A part of the requirement for the lh A. 2)egree. By K. J. Brodereon, University of Kangaa, May 1911, THE PUSIOB CURVS OP AliKOHlA AHD ETHYL ALCOHOL* Only within tho last fow ycara has any worlc boon done on tho fusion...

  20. Extracting alcohols from aqueous solutions. [USDOE patent application

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Compere, A.L.; Googin, J.M.; Griffith, W.L.

    1981-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective is to provide an efficient process for extracting alcohols in aqueous solutions into hydrocarbon fuel mixtures, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and fuel oil. This is done by contacting an aqueous fermentation liquor with a hydrocarbon or hydrocarbon mixture containing carbon compounds having 5-18 carbon atoms, which may include gasoline, diesel fuel or fuel oil. The hydrocarbon-aqueous alcohol solution is then mixed with one or more of a group of polyoxyalkylene polymers to extract the alcohol into the hydrocarbon fuel-polyoxyalkylene polymer mixture.

  1. Oxidation, Reduction, and Condensation of Alcohols over (MO3...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Alcohols over (MO3)3 (MMo, W) Nanoclusters . Abstract: The reactions of deuterated methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol, 1-butanol, 2-propanol, 2-butanol and t-butanol over cyclic...

  2. alcohol oxidation level: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23...

  3. Method for producing hydrocarbon and alcohol mixtures. [Patent application

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Compere, A.L.; Googin, J.M.; Griffith, W.L.

    1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is an object of this invention to provide an efficient process for extracting alcohols and ketones from an aqueous solution containing the same into hydrocarbon fuel mixtures, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and fuel oil. Another object of the invention is to provide a mixture consisting of hydrocarbon, alcohols or ketones, polyoxyalkylene polymer and water which can be directly added to fuels or further purified. The above stated objects are achieved in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the invention by contacting an aqueous fermentation liquor with a hydrocarbon or hydrocarbon mixture containing carbon compounds having 5 to 18 carbon atoms, which may include gasoline, diesel fuel or fuel oil. The hydrocarbon-aqueous alcohol solution is mixed in the presence or one or more of a group of polyoxyalkylene polymers described in detail hereinafter; the fermentation alcohol being extracted into the hydrocarbon fuel-polyoxyalkylene polymer mixture.

  4. Detection of Physiologically Relevant Alcohol Concentrations Using Raman Spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKay, Joshua L.

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the first step in a series of studies to test the feasibility of using Raman Spectroscopy (RS) to non-invasively detect physiologically relevant blood alcohol concentrations. Blood tests, urine tests, and the breathalyzer are currently...

  5. Examining college students' beliefs and behaviors regarding responsible alcohol consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barry, Adam Etheridge

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    discussing: (a) the origins and evolution of this message, (b) alcohol product advertisements evincing a responsible drinking prevention message, and (c) practical and ethical concerns associated with brewer-sponsored responsible drinking campaigns...

  6. The effects of alcohol and aspirin on neonatal brain development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beshear, Myra Dawn

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This study focuses on the effects of alcohol and aspirin on brain development in the neonatal rat. The period of brain development of particular interest is known as the brain growth spurt. Previous studies have shown that the developing brain...

  7. HD Applications of Significantly Downsized SI Engines Using Alcohol...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Using Alcohol DI for Knock Avoidance Direct injection of a second fuel (ethanol or methanol) is explored as a means of avoiding knock in turbocharged, high-compression ratio...

  8. New diversification strategies for the Japanese alcohol industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoshimura, Toru, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Japanese major alcoholic beverage companies, whose businesses are mainly the production and sale of beer products, stand at a strategic crossroads. There are several reasons: a slow decrease in the Japanese population, ...

  9. aliphatic secondary alcohols: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for conversion of biomass derived feedstocks to fuels and fuel additives. Synthesis of ethanol and higher aliphatic alcohols from syngas (CO + H2... Baksh, Faisal 2010-04-19 3 The...

  10. alcohol composite films: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or reduce the world's dependence on fossil fuels. The continued development of thin-film solid ... Liu, David ShinRen 2014-01-01 92 RESIDENCE ALCOHOL POLICY Residence students...

  11. Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug Use in Illinois: Prevalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    Assessment Program. Rod R. Blagojevich, Governor #12;#12;Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug Use in Illinois by the federal Office of Management and Budget. Theodora Binion-Taylor, Associate Director 100 West Randolph

  12. alcohol screening day: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    a drink*. Swinburne and SSAA suppport responsible service of alcohol. Lecture Theatre FBE - EN103 to make the most of the O-Week energy on campus too - and will invite you to...

  13. alcohol problem services: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    a drink*. Swinburne and SSAA suppport responsible service of alcohol. Lecture Theatre FBE - EN103 to make the most of the O-Week energy on campus too - and will invite you to...

  14. alcohol require mglu5: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    a drink*. Swinburne and SSAA suppport responsible service of alcohol. Lecture Theatre FBE - EN103 to make the most of the O-Week energy on campus too - and will invite you to...

  15. alcohol abuse road: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in relation to the use and abuse of alcohol. These groups cite the escalating costs of abuse with time; that the initial Christian response of care and compassion was eventually...

  16. alcohol abuse associations: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in relation to the use and abuse of alcohol. These groups cite the escalating costs of abuse with time; that the initial Christian response of care and compassion was eventually...

  17. alcohol abuse model: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in relation to the use and abuse of alcohol. These groups cite the escalating costs of abuse with time; that the initial Christian response of care and compassion was eventually...

  18. alcohol abuse measurement: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in relation to the use and abuse of alcohol. These groups cite the escalating costs of abuse with time; that the initial Christian response of care and compassion was eventually...

  19. alcohol abusing runaway: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in relation to the use and abuse of alcohol. These groups cite the escalating costs of abuse with time; that the initial Christian response of care and compassion was eventually...

  20. alcohol abuse case: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in relation to the use and abuse of alcohol. These groups cite the escalating costs of abuse with time; that the initial Christian response of care and compassion was eventually...

  1. alcohol abuse related: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in relation to the use and abuse of alcohol. These groups cite the escalating costs of abuse with time; that the initial Christian response of care and compassion was eventually...

  2. alcohol abusers compared: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in relation to the use and abuse of alcohol. These groups cite the escalating costs of abuse with time; that the initial Christian response of care and compassion was eventually...

  3. alcohol concentration induces: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    year. Fifteen percent of this amount is the cost of medical consequences and alcohol treatment; more than 70 percent is due to reduced, lost and forgone earnings; and the...

  4. alcoholic liver diseases: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    year. Fifteen percent of this amount is the cost of medical consequences and alcohol treatment; more than 70 percent is due to reduced, lost and forgone earnings; and the...

  5. alcoholic liver disease: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    year. Fifteen percent of this amount is the cost of medical consequences and alcohol treatment; more than 70 percent is due to reduced, lost and forgone earnings; and the...

  6. Cold-Start Performance and Emissions Behavior of Alcohol Fuels...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    tests using gasoline and 3 alcohol-gasoline blends (50% and 85% ethanol, and 83% iso-butanol) deer11ickes.pdf More Documents & Publications Impact of ethanol and butanol...

  7. The relationship between alcohol consumption and sexual activity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theis-Cole, Deborah Elaine

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION AND SEXUAL ACTIVITY A Thesis By DEBORAH ELAINE THEIS-COLE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1992 Major Subject: Educational Psychology THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION AND SEXUAL ACTIVITY A Thesis By Deborah Elaine Theis-Cole Approved as to style and content by: Arthur . Roach (Chair of Committee) Maurice E...

  8. Control orientation and social perception of an alcoholic population

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Robert Millard

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CONTROL ORIENTATION AND SOCIAL PERCEPTION OF AN ALCOHOLIC POPULATION A Thesis by ROBERT MILLARD SHAN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfil'1ment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... 1975 Major Subject: Psychology CONTROL ORIENTATION AND SOCIAL PERCEPTION OF AN ALCOHOLIC POPULATION A Thesis by ROBERT MILLARO SHAW Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Member) Head of partment I er (Member) May...

  9. Alcohol Use Policy The possession, sale or furnishing of alcohol on the University campus is governed by OSU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    to University disciplinary action, criminal prosecution, fine and imprisonment. It is unlawful to sell, furnish for anyone to consume or possess alcohol in any public or private area of campus without prior University

  10. Method of forming a dianhydrosugar alcohol

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Holladay, Johnathan E. (Kennewick, WA); Hu, Jianli (Kennewick, WA); Wang, Yong (Richland, WA); Werpy, Todd A. (West Richland, WA); Zhang, Xinjie (Burlington, MA)

    2010-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention includes methods of producing dianhydrosugars. A polyol is reacted in the presence of a first catalyst to form a monocyclic sugar. The monocyclic sugar is transferred to a second reactor where it is converted to a dianhydrosugar alcohol in the presence of a second catalyst. The invention includes a process of forming isosorbide. An initial reaction is conducted at a first temperature in the presence of a solid acid catalyst. The initial reaction involves reacting sorbitol to produce 1,4-sorbitan, 3,6-sorbitan, 2,5-mannitan and 2,5-iditan. Utilizing a second temperature, the 1,4-sorbitan and 3,6-sorbitan are converted to isosorbide. The invention includes a method of purifying isosorbide from a mixture containing isosorbide and at least one additional component. A first distillation removes a first portion of the isosorbide from the mixture. A second distillation is then conducted at a higher temperature to remove a second portion of isosorbide from the mixture.

  11. Alcohol production from agricultural and forestry residues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dale, L; Opilla, R; Surles, T

    1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Technologies available for the production of ethanol from whole corn are reviewed. Particular emphasis is placed on the environmental aspects of the process, including land utilization and possible air and water pollutants. Suggestions are made for technological changes intended to improve the economics of the process as well as to reduce some of the pollution from by-product disposal. Ethanol may be derived from renewable cellulosic substances by either enzymatic or acid hydrolysis of cellulose to sugar, followed by conventional fermentation and distillation. The use of two agricultural residues - corn stover (field stalks remaining after harvest) and straw from wheat crops - is reviewed as a cellulosic feedstock. Two processes have been evaluated with regard to environmental impact - a two-stage acid process developed by G.T. Tsao of Purdue University and an enzymatic process based on the laboratory findings of C.R. Wilke of the University of California, Berkeley. The environmental residuals expected from the manufacture of methyl and ethyl alcohols from woody biomass are covered. The methanol is produced in a gasification process, whereas ethanol is produced by hydrolysis and fermentation processes similar to those used to derive ethanol from cellulosic materials.

  12. Alcohol production from agricultural and forestry residues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Opilla, R.; Dale, L.; Surles, T.

    1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A variety of carbohydrate sources can be used as raw material for the production of ethanol. Section 1 is a review of technologies available for the production of ethanol from whole corn. Particular emphasis is placed on the environmental aspects of the process, including land utilization and possible air and water pollutants. Suggestions are made for technological changes intended to improve the economics of the process as well as to reduce some of the pollution from by-product disposal. Ethanol may be derived from renewable cellulosic substances by either enzymatic or acid hydrolysis of cellulose to sugar, followed by conventional fermentation and distillation. Section 2 is a review of the use of two agricultural residues - corn stover (field stalks remaining after harvest) and straw from wheat crops - as a cellulosic feedstock. Two processes have been evaluated with regard to environmental impact - a two-stage acid process developed by G.T. Tsao of Purdue University and an enzymatic process based on the laboratory findings of C.R. Wilke of the University of California, Berkeley. Section 3 deals with the environmental residuals expected from the manufacture of methyl and ethyl alcohols from woody biomass. The methanol is produced in a gasification process, whereas ethanol is produced by hydrolysis and fermentation processes similar to those used to derive ethanol from cellulosic materials.

  13. Preparation and properties of polyvinyl alcohol microspheres

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Campbell, J.H.; Grens, J.Z.; Poco, J.F.; Ives, B.H.

    1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) microspheres, having a size range of approx.150- to 250-..mu..m diameter with 1- to 5-..mu..m wall thickness, have been fabricated using a solution droplet technique. The spheres were developed for possible use on the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) Program. PVA, a polymer chosen based on earlier survey work carried out at KMS Fusion, Inc., has good strength, low hydrogen permeability, is optically transparent, and water soluble. The latter property makes it safe and easy to use in our droplet generator system. A unique dual-orifice droplet generator was used to prepare the spheres. The droplet generator operating conditions and the column processing parameters were chosen using results from our 1-D model calculations as a guide. The polymer microsphere model is an extension of the model we developed to support the glass sphere production. After preparation, the spheres were physically characterized for surface quality, sphericity, wall thickness (and uniformity), and size. We also determined the buckling pressure for both uncoated and CH-coated spheres. Radiation stability to beta decay (from tritium) was evaluated by exposing the spheres to a 7-keV electron beam. The results from these and other physical property measurements are presented in this report.

  14. 2013-2014 Annual Notification of Alcohol and Other Drug Information Page 1 2013-2014 Annual Notification of Alcohol and Other Drug Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    2013-2014 Annual Notification of Alcohol and Other Drug Information Page 1 2013-2014 Annual Notification of Alcohol and Other Drug Information OSU is required by law to notify annually all students, staff, and faculty of alcohol and other drug policies, sanctions, and risks associated with use

  15. Acknowledgement of Alcohol and Illegal Drug Policy We have read and understand the "Georgia Institute of Technology Student Policy on Alcohol and Illegal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherrill, David

    Acknowledgement of Alcohol and Illegal Drug Policy We have read and understand the "Georgia Institute of Technology Student Policy on Alcohol and Illegal Drugs" and shall enforce these provisions with the leaders of the organization, especially: a. Student Policy on Alcohol and Illegal Drugs b. Student

  16. The effects of alcohol consumption after menopause on bone regulating hormones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blaschke, Dawn Lewis

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this project was to determine if the alcohol-associated increase in osteopenia as observed in ovariectomized rats, which simulated human females after menopause, was due to the elect of alcohol on hormones that regulate bone metabolism...

  17. The Effects of Alcohol on the Regulation of Imprinted Genes in Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villanueva, Elizabeth Mary

    2013-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    increasingly common disorder is Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder or FASD. FASD is seen in many infants that have been exposed to alcohol, an environmental toxin, during fetal development. This disorder causes distinct mental and physical abnormalities whose...

  18. The role of non-parental adult social support in adjustment of adolescent children of alcoholics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roney, James E.

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present study examined the effect adult social support outside of the family has on subjects' outcome scores in the areas of interpersonal problems, alcohol use and psychological functioning. Results indicate that children of alcoholics who had...

  19. Growing Up With An Alcohol-Dependent Father: Understanding Lived Experience Through Intepretative Phenomenological Analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNaught, Kirsty, R.

    2011-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This study uses IPA (interpretative phenomenological analysis) to explore how paternal alcoholism impacts the child’s experience of life. Due to an abundance of quantitative research on ACOAs (adult children of alcoholics), ...

  20. Alcohol Chemistry on Rutile TiO2(110): The Influence of Alkyl...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Alcohol Chemistry on Rutile TiO2(110): The Influence of Alkyl Substituents on Reactivity and Selectivity. Alcohol Chemistry on Rutile TiO2(110): The Influence of Alkyl Substituents...

  1. The harmful effects of late-onset alcohol consumption on cortical bone in aged rats 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowlin, Julie Lee

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to determine bone chemistry and morphological parameters. The effects of alcohol consumption, the aging process and caloric restriction were examined after obtaining results from this experiment. From the results found, it is evident that alcohol does have a...

  2. Characterization of Catalysts for the Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using Transmission Electron Microscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E.

    the use of biogas to create alcohol for fuel. Higher alcohols are favorable due to their high energy. In combination with a use of a heating holder, this microscope allows catalysts to be studied using a variety

  3. Effects of La2O3 on the mixed higher alcohols synthesis from...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    La2O3 on the mixed higher alcohols synthesis from syngas over Co catalysts: A combined theoretical and experimental Effects of La2O3 on the mixed higher alcohols synthesis from...

  4. Patterns of role-impairment among alcoholic workers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldstein, Carolyn Lesley Klein

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PATTERNS OF ROLE-INPAIRNENT ANi01'1G ALCOHOLIC WORKERS A Thesis by Carolyn Les1ey Klein Goldstein Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&N University ini partial fulfillment of the requirements for the dei-ree of NASTER OP SCIENCE Nay... 1971 Najor Su'oject: Sociology 0 R R, 8 PATTERNS OF ROLE-IMPAIRMENT AMONG ALCOHOLIC WORKERS A Thesis Jh '0 a Ql by Carolyn Lesley Klein Goldstein Approved as to style end content by: Chairman of Committee May 19/1 ABSTRACT Patterns...

  5. Imaging of Alcohol-Induced Dopamine Release in Rats: Preliminary Findings With

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morris, Evan D,

    . Normandin: Yale PET Center, P.O. Box 208048, New Haven, CT 06520 *Correspondence to: Evan D. Morris, YaleImaging of Alcohol-Induced Dopamine Release in Rats: Preliminary Findings With [11 C]Raclopride PET positron emission tomography (PET). PET images were acquired in 44 alcohol-nai¨ve male Wistar and alcohol

  6. High octane ethers from synthesis gas-derived alcohols

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klier, K.; Herman, R.G.; Feeley, O.C.; Johansson, M.A.

    1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of the proposed research is to synthesize high octane ethers, primarily methyl isobutyl ether (MIBE) and methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), directly from H[sub 2]/CO/CO[sub 2] coal-derived synthesis gas via alcohol mixtures that are rich in methanol and 2-methyl-l-propanol (isobutanol). The overall scheme involves gasification of coal, purification and shifting of the synthesis gas, higher alcohol synthesis, and direct synthesis of ethers. The last stage of the synthesis involves direct coupling of synthesis gas-derived methanol and isobutanol that has been demonstrated by us to occur over superacid catalysts to yield methyl isobutyl ether (MIBE) at moderate pressures and a mixture of methanol and isobutene at low pressures. MIBE is an isomer of MTBE and a process is proposed whereby MTBE from the two alcohols is maximized and MIBE is minimized. This will be achieved by the proper choice of reaction conditions, i.e. intermediate pressures, and of inorganic acid catalysts that are stable at temperatures higher than 200[degree]C, at which the carbonium ion reaction coupling of the two alcohols to MTBE is more effective than the oxonium ion or ester reaction coupling to MIBE. Both organic and inorganic catalysts will be investigated, and the better catalysts of these classes will be subjected to long term performance studies. The long term performance studies of the combined process will extend to 1000 hr and detailed analytical data for all products will be provided.

  7. Methods for sequestering carbon dioxide into alcohols via gasification fermentation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gaddy, James L; Ko, Ching-Whan; Phillips, J. Randy; Slape, M. Sean

    2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention is directed to improvements in gasification for use with synthesis gas fermentation. Further, the present invention is directed to improvements in gasification for the production of alcohols from a gaseous substrate containing at least one reducing gas containing at least one microorganism.

  8. University of North Texas ALCOHOL USE REQUEST GUIDELINES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohanty, Saraju P.

    in the University Union or Gateway Center, the student organization must purchase beer and/or wine and setups to event. All alcoholic beverages must be removed from premise at conclusion of event. Cash Bar: Beer/Wine only. The student organization must purchase beer and/or wine and setups through Scheduling Services

  9. Stress, Risk Taking, Alcohol/Drugs, and Parents as Partners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stowell, Michael

    college · Particular Interests Alcohol and other drug abuse Prescription stimulant abuse Marijuana) developmental stage · Need to take risks in order to grow · Frontal part of brain not fully developed · Thinking is inevitable and represents a great learning opportunity Hard to truly grow without setbacks

  10. adult dual alcohol: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    you are the victim of a crime on the U. One 12-ounce bottle of beer or a 5-ounce glass of wine (about a half-cup) has as much alcohol as a 1 Texas at Arlington, University of 18...

  11. alcohol survey implications: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    you are the victim of a crime on the U. One 12-ounce bottle of beer or a 5-ounce glass of wine (about a half-cup) has as much alcohol as a 1 Texas at Arlington, University of 60...

  12. alcohol hospitalizes dozens: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    you are the victim of a crime on the U. One 12-ounce bottle of beer or a 5-ounce glass of wine (about a half-cup) has as much alcohol as a 1 Texas at Arlington, University of 24...

  13. americans baseline alcohol: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    you are the victim of a crime on the U. One 12-ounce bottle of beer or a 5-ounce glass of wine (about a half-cup) has as much alcohol as a 1 Texas at Arlington, University of 37...

  14. alcohol dependence evidence: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    you are the victim of a crime on the U. One 12-ounce bottle of beer or a 5-ounce glass of wine (about a half-cup) has as much alcohol as a 1 Texas at Arlington, University of 99...

  15. alcohol nanocomposite preparation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    you are the victim of a crime on the U. One 12-ounce bottle of beer or a 5-ounce glass of wine (about a half-cup) has as much alcohol as a 1 Texas at Arlington, University of 80...

  16. alcohol fuel production: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    you are the victim of a crime on the U. One 12-ounce bottle of beer or a 5-ounce glass of wine (about a half-cup) has as much alcohol as a 1 Texas at Arlington, University of 75 A...

  17. alcohols thiophene tetrahydrofuran: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    you are the victim of a crime on the U. One 12-ounce bottle of beer or a 5-ounce glass of wine (about a half-cup) has as much alcohol as a 1 Texas at Arlington, University of 25...

  18. Photoelectron spectroscopy of solvated electrons in alcohol and acetonitrile microjets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neumark, Daniel M.

    Photoelectron spectroscopy of solvated electrons in alcohol and acetonitrile microjets Alexander T in methanol, ethanol, and acetonitrile microjets are reported. Solvated electrons are generated. Two features are observed in acetonitrile at 2.61 Ã? 0.11 eV and 3.67 Ã? 0.15 eV, attributed

  19. Confirming Diagnosis of Hazardous and Harmful Alcohol Use Diagnostic accuracy of a computer assisted diagnostic system compared to conventional

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Lambalgen, Michiel

    1 TITLE PAGE Confirming Diagnosis of Hazardous and Harmful Alcohol Use Diagnostic accuracy for alcoholism have good screening properties for detecting hazardous and harmful alcohol use (HHAU Test (BAT) for confirming the diagnosis of hazardous and harmful alcohol use. Design and Subjects BAT

  20. Confirming Diagnosis of Hazardous and Harmful Alcohol Use Diagnostic accuracy of a computer assisted diagnostic system compared to conventional

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Lambalgen, Michiel

    1 TITLE PAGE Confirming Diagnosis of Hazardous and Harmful Alcohol Use Diagnostic accuracy for alcoholism have good screening properties for detecting hazardous and harmful alcohol use (HHAU Test (BAT) for confirming the diagnosis of hazardous and harmful alcohol use Design and Subjects BAT

  1. Electrocatalyst for alcohol oxidation at fuel cell anodes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Adzic, Radoslav (East Setauket, NY); Kowal, Andrzej (Cracow, PL)

    2011-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    In some embodiments a ternary electrocatalyst is provided. The electrocatalyst can be used in an anode for oxidizing alcohol in a fuel cell. In some embodiments, the ternary electrocatalyst may include a noble metal particle having a surface decorated with clusters of SnO.sub.2 and Rh. The noble metal particles may include platinum, palladium, ruthenium, iridium, gold, and combinations thereof. In some embodiments, the ternary electrocatalyst includes SnO.sub.2 particles having a surface decorated with clusters of a noble metal and Rh. Some ternary electrocatalysts include noble metal particles with clusters of SnO.sub.2 and Rh at their surfaces. In some embodiments the electrocatalyst particle cores are nanoparticles. Some embodiments of the invention provide a fuel cell including an anode incorporating the ternary electrocatalyst. In some aspects a method of using ternary electrocatalysts of Pt, Rh, and SnO.sub.2 to oxidize an alcohol in a fuel cell is described.

  2. Alcohol-free alkoxide process for containing nuclear waste

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pope, James M. (Monroeville, PA); Lahoda, Edward J. (Edgewood, PA)

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Disclosed is a method of containing nuclear waste. A composition is first prepared of about 25 to about 80%, calculated as SiO.sub.2, of a partially hydrolyzed silicon compound, up to about 30%, calculated as metal oxide, of a partially hydrolyzed aluminum or calcium compound, about 5 to about 20%, calculated as metal oxide, of a partially hydrolyzed boron or calcium compound, about 3 to about 25%, calculated as metal oxide, of a partially hydrolyzed sodium, potassium or lithium compound, an alcohol in a weight ratio to hydrolyzed alkoxide of about 1.5 to about 3% and sufficient water to remove at least 99% of the alcohol as an azeotrope. The azeotrope is boiled off and up to about 40%, based on solids in the product, of the nuclear waste, is mixed into the composition. The mixture is evaporated to about 25 to about 45% solids and is melted and cooled.

  3. Alcohol-induced suppression of the humoral immune response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stolen, J.S.; Draxler, S.; Nagle, J.J.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors report here that summer flounder (Paralichthys dentatus) pretreated by injection of a small amount of the common alcohol, ethanol, or ethanol containing PCB, showed complete suppression of the immune response to a formalin-killed sewage sludge isolate of the human enteric bacteria, E. coli. The unresponsiveness persisted for up to 42 days after injection of bacteria. Demonstrable agglutinating antibody to E. coli was seen in unpretreated fish after seven days. A second injection of bacteria 42 days after the first in pretreated fish, now resulted in immune responsiveness although the magnitude of the response resembled a primary response, indicating that memory to the first injection was also suppressed. Slightly lower responses were seen in the groups of fish injected with ethanol containing the PCB Aroclor 1254 when compared with those given ethanol alone, but the major suppression was alcohol-induced.

  4. Congenital Splenic Cyst Treated with Percutaneous Sclerosis Using Alcohol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anon, Ramon [Clinical University Hospital, University of Valencia, Department of Gastroenterology (Spain)], E-mail: ranon@comv.es; Guijarro, Jorge [Clinical University Hospital, University of Valencia, Department of Interventional Radiology (Spain); Amoros, Cirilo [Clinical University Hospital, University of Valencia, Department of Gastroenterology (Spain); Gil, Joaquin [Clinical University Hospital, University of Valencia, Department of Interventional Radiology (Spain); Bosca, Marta M. [Clinical University Hospital, University of Valencia, Department of Gastroenterology (Spain); Palmero, Julio [Clinical University Hospital, University of Valencia, Department of Interventional Radiology (Spain); Benages, Adolfo [Clinical University Hospital, University of Valencia, Department of Gastroenterology (Spain)

    2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We report a case of successful percutaneous treatment of a congenital splenic cyst using alcohol as the sclerosing agent. A 14-year-old female adolescent presented with a nonsymptomatic cystic mass located in the spleen that was believed to be congenital. After ultrasonography, a drainage catheter was placed in the cavity. About 250 ml of serous liquid was extracted and sent for microbiologic and pathologic studies to rule out an infectious or malignant origin. Immediately afterwards, complete drainage and local sclerotherapy with alcohol was performed. This therapy was repeated 8 days later, after having observed 60 ml of fluid in the drainage bag. One year after treatment the cyst has practically disappeared. We believe that treatment of splenic cyst with percutaneous puncture, ethanolization, and drainage is a valid option and it does not rule out surgery if the conservative treatment fails.

  5. The effects of alcohol use on zinc status

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Lisa Louise

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and the cessation of estrogen production after menopause (Moniz 1994). As a greater proportion of the American population enters this age group, osteoporosis will become an even greater health concern. Current research indicates that achieving and maintaining peak... bone mass is the most effective method to prevent this disease (Moniz 1994). The relationship between alterations in bone mass and alcohol use was first documented by Saville (1965) Since this initial research, numerous other researchers (Baran et al...

  6. Process for reducing organic compounds with calcium, amine, and alcohol

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Benkeser, R.A.; Laugal, J.A.; Rappa, A.

    1985-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Olefins are produced by contacting an organic compound having at least one benzene ring with calcium metal, ethylenediamine, a low molecular weight aliphatic alcohol, and optionally a low molecular weight aliphatic primary amine, and/or an inert, abrasive particulate substance. The reduction is conducted at temperatures ranging from about [minus]10 C to about 30 C or somewhat higher. Substantially all of the organic compounds are converted to corresponding cyclic olefins, primarily diolefins.

  7. Alcohol and your health Research-based information from the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandettini, Peter A.

    oz of regular beer about 5% alcohol = 8­9 fl oz of malt liquor (shown in a 12 oz glass) about 7-proof spirits or "hard liquor" 12 fl oz = 1 12 fl oz = 1½ 750 ml (a regular a shot (1.5 oz glass/50 ml bottle) = 1 16 fl oz = 1 16 fl oz = 2 wine bottle) = 5 a mixed drink or cocktail = 1 or more 22 fl oz = 2

  8. Process for reducing organic compounds with calcium, amine, and alcohol

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Benkeser, Robert A. (West Lafayette, IN); Laugal, James A. (Lostant, IL); Rappa, Angela (Baltimore, MD)

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Olefins are produced by contacting an organic compound having at least one benzene ring with calcium metal, ethylenediamine, a low molecular weight aliphatic alcohol, and optionally a low molecular weight aliphatic primary amine, and/or an inert, abrasive particulate substance. The reduction is conducted at temperatures ranging from about -10.degree. C. to about 30.degree. C. or somewhat higher. Substantially all of the organic compounds are converted to corresponding cyclic olefins, primarily diolefins.

  9. Electrolytic method to make alkali alcoholates using ion conducting alkali electrolyte/separator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joshi, Ashok V. (Salt Lake City, UT); Balagopal, Shekar (Sandy, UT); Pendelton, Justin (Salt Lake City, UT)

    2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Alkali alcoholates, also called alkali alkoxides, are produced from alkali metal salt solutions and alcohol using a three-compartment electrolytic cell. The electrolytic cell includes an anolyte compartment configured with an anode, a buffer compartment, and a catholyte compartment configured with a cathode. An alkali ion conducting solid electrolyte configured to selectively transport alkali ions is positioned between the anolyte compartment and the buffer compartment. An alkali ion permeable separator is positioned between the buffer compartment and the catholyte compartment. The catholyte solution may include an alkali alcoholate and alcohol. The anolyte solution may include at least one alkali salt. The buffer compartment solution may include a soluble alkali salt and an alkali alcoholate in alcohol.

  10. E-Print Network 3.0 - anhydrous alcohol evaporated Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    peroxide Copper, chromium, iron, most metals or their salts, alcohols, acetone... , carbon tetrachloride or other chlorinated hydrocarbons, carbon dioxide, halogens Ammonia...

  11. Mechanism of the Aerobic Oxidation of Alcohols by Palladium Complexes of N-Heterocyclic Carbenes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard III, William A.

    reductive elimination of acetic acid, which yields a slightly higher calculated activation barrier-catalyzed aerobic oxidations of benzylic and allylic secondary alcohols, routinely fostering selectivity factors (k

  12. E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol ads targeting Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    into the effects of early chronic ethanol consump- tion, we... compared the drinking behavior of two adult male Wistar rat groups: one that initiated alcohol consumption Source:...

  13. Brief intervention to reduce alcohol use among men who have sex with men

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Croff, Julie May Ketchie

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from reducing my carbon footprint. 11. Carpooling preventsfrom reducing my carbon footprint. 10. Carpooling preventsAlcohol-Barriers Carbon Footprint Perceived susceptibility:

  14. acetone-butyl alcohol fermentation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Dissertations Summary: ??ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Alcoholic fermentation, and especially wine fermentation, is one of the most ancient microbiological processes utilized by man....

  15. alcohol-dependent danes attending: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for alcohol-dependent patients. Stephanie S. O' malley 1995-01-01 74 EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE AND EDUCATION: ECONOMIC IMPACTS IN DANE COUNTY Environmental Sciences and Ecology...

  16. Internal combustion engines for alcohol motor fuels: a compilation of background technical information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This compilation, a draft training manual containing technical background information on internal combustion engines and alcohol motor fuel technologies, is presented in 3 parts. The first is a compilation of facts from the state of the art on internal combustion engine fuels and their characteristics and requisites and provides an overview of fuel sources, fuels technology and future projections for availability and alternatives. Part two compiles facts about alcohol chemistry, alcohol identification, production, and use, examines ethanol as spirit and as fuel, and provides an overview of modern evaluation of alcohols as motor fuels and of the characteristics of alcohol fuels. The final section compiles cross references on the handling and combustion of fuels for I.C. engines, presents basic evaluations of events leading to the use of alcohols as motor fuels, reviews current applications of alcohols as motor fuels, describes the formulation of alcohol fuels for engines and engine and fuel handling hardware modifications for using alcohol fuels, and introduces the multifuel engines concept. (LCL)

  17. Analyzing the effects of alcohol on IGF-I in bone and plasma and on IGF-I mRNA in the liver and bone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stine, Christina Nicole

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Alcohol consumption is occurring in the younger generation. It has been found that the sooner people started drinking the shorter they are. Alcohol has also been shown to reduce peak bone mass. Alcohol inhibits osteoblastic proliferation which...

  18. The effects of alcohol and irradiation on the albino rat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klobukowski, Christopher John

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , Cole and i'. ilia reported that Lifi mice x;her pretxeeted. '. "! th ~ntrapcri toneal injection: of ethanol . nd iz'radiated with doses of X-rays xanging i'rom 600r to g00r (51350 is 620r for this strain) were protected from radiation by a xeduction... administered either orally, (paterson, 1951), or by intrsperitoneal injection, (Cole, 1952; Cole, 1955& praslidka, 1956), anc was given in acute doses. All experiment, showed ;. ome protect' ve effect. 5 ~ -'alcohol administered costirrad3. H, tion...

  19. Quick setting water-compatible furfuryl alcohol polymer concretes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sugama, Toshifumi (Ridge, NY); Kukacka, Lawrence E. (Port Jefferson, NY); Horn, William H. (Brookhaven, NY)

    1982-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel quick setting polymer concrete composite comprising a furfuryl alcohol monomer, an aggregate containing a maximum of 8% by weight water, and about 1-10% trichlorotoluene initiator and about 20-80% powdered metal salt promoter, such as zinc chloride, based on the weight of said monomer, to initiate and promote polymerization of said monomer in the presence of said aggregate, within 1 hour after mixing at a temperature of -20.degree. C. to 40.degree. C., to produce a polymer concrete having a 1 hour compressive strength greater than 2000 psi.

  20. T4 DNA condensation in water-alcohol media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. O. Gallyamov; O. A. Pyshkina; V. G. Sergeyev; I. V. Yaminsky

    2011-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The process of compaction of high molecular weight DNA T4 is investigated directly in a AFM liquid cell. The AFM-images of globules formed by DNA molecules in the result of compaction in water-alcohol environments at high izopropanol concentration (80%) are received; it is found that at intermediate concentration of izopropanol (40-50%) the DNA molecules form partially compacted formations in which the separate coils of macromolecules twist in toroidal structures. It is shown using the technique of deconvolution of the AFM-images that the globule include only one closely packed DNA molecule. The model of DNA packing is proposed on the basis of AFM experiment.

  1. Exploring Spatial Associations between On-Sale Alcohol Availability, Neighborhood Population Characteristics, and Violent Crime in a Geographically Isolated City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Daikwon; Gorman, Dennis M.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Objectives. Despite the increasing evidence of the associations between alcohol availability and violence, there are still inconsistent findings on the effects of on- and off-sale alcohol outlets on violent crime. The aim of this study...

  2. Ethanol's Effect on Stem Cell Subpopulations And The Implications For Cortical Patterning And Development In Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tingling, Joseph Duane

    Maternal alcohol consumption during the first and second trimester of pregnancy remains the leading cause of preventable mental retardation in the United States. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is a wide spectrum disease that is characterized...

  3. The effect of alcohol on the bone growth spurt of rats at a time equivalent to adolescent females

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaffin, Catherine Lee

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . The trabecular bone that remained was widely separated and reduced in thickness. These changes are similar to those observed in osteoporosis. The cause and mechanism of the reduced bone volume after alcohol abuse remains unclear. Alcohol consumption at an early...

  4. Clearwater-Palouse energy cooperative alcohol production feasibility study. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hammond, J.S.; Cole, K.M.; Schermerhorn, R.; Smith, S.; Greenwell, G.

    1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The feasibility of producing anhydrous ethanol from locally grown wheat and barley is explored. The following topics are discussed: feedstock economic analysis, by-product analysis, alcohol market analysis, alcohol market analysis, alternative fuels analysis, existing technology analysis, siting analysis, preliminary facility design, financial implementation plan, ecological assessment, and business management plan. (MHR)

  5. Level of osteopenia and bone recovery in alcohol-fed adolescent rats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spears, Heather Lynae

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Adolescence is a period in human growth and development that is a time of rapid and drastic change. It is also known to be an age of widespread alcohol abuse. Studies addressing the reversibility of the deleterious effects of chronic alcohol...

  6. The effects of lifelong alcohol consumption on calcium regulating and sex hormones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Booe, Holli Laine

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of alcohol on hormones that possibly affect bone health. Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three diet groups. Alcohol-treated animals were fed a modified Lieber-Decarli diet ad libitum...

  7. The Effects of Alcohol and Age on Astrocytes In Female Rats Following an Inflammatory Stimulus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simpson, Ashley

    2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    THE EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL AND AGE ON ASTROCYTES IN FEMALE RATS FOLLOWING AN INFLAMMATORY STIMULUS A Senior Scholars Thesis by ASHLEY NICOLE SIMPSON Submitted to the Office of Undergraduate Research Texas A...&M University In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the designation as UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH SCHOLAR April 2006 Major: Biology THE EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL AND AGE ON ASTROCYTES IN FEMALE RATS FOLLOWING...

  8. Changes in bone morphology and composition following long-term alcohol consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hebert, Valerie Anne

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this study is to determine the effect ics. of long-term alcohol consumption on bone morphology and composition. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were fed one of three diets (alcohol, pair-fed, or chow) for 18 months. The rats were...

  9. Endorcine Effects of Pyrethroid Pesticide Esfenvalerate Metabolites; 3-Phenoxybenzyl Alcohol and 3-Phenoxybenzoic Acid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chavez, Marco

    2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    of pyrethroid metabolites, 3-phenoxybenzoic acid and 3-phenoxybenzyl alcohol. Cell proliferation was measured and compared to cells grown in media only and media with 1nM estradiol. By day 10 the metabolite 3-phenoxybenzyl alcohol at a concentration of .001 mM...

  10. Young drivers and the efficacy of the Texas drug and alcohol driving awareness program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darnell, Richard

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of the Texas Drug and Alcohol Driving Awareness Program (TDADAP) in relation to alcohol-related offenses among young drivers. Participants in this study were students in pre-license programs...

  11. The harmful effects of late-onset alcohol consumption on cortical bone in aged rats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowlin, Julie Lee

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study looked at the effects of late-onset alcohol consumption for 8 weeks on the aged rat model (15 months old). Thirty 15 month old female Fisher 344 rats were divided into three diet groups: Alcohol (n=9), pair-fed (n=9), and pellet (n=6...

  12. The consequence of late-onset alcohol abuse in aged bone: a histomorhometric analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barker, Lisa Setchfield

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this experiment was to examine the effect of late-onset alcohol abuse on aged bone using the rat model. Thirty female Fischer 344 rats were separated by weights into one of four groups: baseline, alcohol-fed, pair-fed, and pellet...

  13. Addendum: Tenth International Symposium on Alcohol Fuels, The road to commercialization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Tenth International Symposium on ALCOHOL FUELS ``THE ROAD TO COMMERCIALIZATION`` was held at the Broadmoor Hotel, Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA November 7--10, 1993. Twenty-seven papers on the production of alcohol fuels, specifications, their use in automobiles, buses and trucks, emission control, and government policies were presented. Individual papers have been processed separately for entry into the data base.

  14. Cannabinoid receptors as novel therapeutic targets for the management of non alcoholic steatohepatitis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Cannabinoid receptors as novel therapeutic targets for the management of non alcoholic Marne, Créteil, 94000 France; AP-HP, Groupe hospitalier Henri Mondor-Albert Chenevier, Service d rationale for the use of CB1 antagonists in the management of NASH. KEYWORDS: fatty liver, non alcoholic

  15. Employee Drug and Alcohol Abuse Policy #CofC.HR.DA.03 Revised 12/2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasman, Alex

    Policy Employee Drug and Alcohol Abuse Policy #CofC.HR.DA.03 Revised 12/2001 The Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act The Drug-Free School and Communities Act, Public Law 101-226, requires that as a condition, or distribution of illicit drugs and alcohol by students and employees. The College of Charleston has

  16. Updated 2011-12 HEALTH AND BEHAVIORAL RISKS OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG USE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marsh, David

    Updated 2011-12 HEALTH AND BEHAVIORAL RISKS OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG USE The negative physical and mental effects of the use of alcohol and other drugs are well documented. Use of these drugs may cause including depression, psychosis, and severe anxiety. Risks associated with specific drugs are described

  17. Tobacco, alcohol, cannabis and other illegal drug use among young adults: the socioeconomic context.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Tobacco, alcohol, cannabis and other illegal drug use among young adults: the socioeconomic.drugalcdep.2011.09.002 #12;2 Tobacco, alcohol, cannabis and other illegal drug use among young adults (CAST), other illegal drug use. Socioeconomic position was defined by educational attainment

  18. Changes in bone morphology and composition following long-term alcohol consumption 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hebert, Valerie Anne

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this study is to determine the effect ics. of long-term alcohol consumption on bone morphology and composition. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were fed one of three diets (alcohol, pair-fed, or chow) for 18 ...

  19. Horizontal well drill-in fluid utilizing alcohol ethoxylate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jachnik, R.P.; Green, P.

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The drilling of horizontal wells in the last 6 years has significantly improved the economics of oil and gas production from depleted reservoirs or tight sands. This paper illustrates the application of an alcohol ethoxylate into a drill-in fluid designed to minimize formation damage in low permeability sandstones while drilling horizontal sections as long as 1,617 meters (5,306 ft) at depths approaching 6,580 meters (21,600 ft) and to facilitate formation cleanup. The chemistry of alcohol ethoxylates/alkoxylates are described and the more popular names used within the industry will be discussed. Laboratory results are presented which illustrate colloidal phenomena not previously reported with these systems, the routes taken for successful application into a drill-in fluid and how complex these particular colloidal systems are from a physical chemical viewpoint, along with the inevitable learning curve required to fully optimize these systems. Generalized case histories from the UK Southern North Sea will be described, along with field observations which back up the colloidal phenomena seen in the laboratory.

  20. Novel Vertimass Catalyst for Conversion of Ethanol and Other Alcohols into Fungible Gasoline, Jet, and Diesel Fuel Blend Stocks

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Novel Vertimass Catalyst for Conversion of Ethanol and Other Alcohols into Fungible Gasoline, Jet, and Diesel Fuel Blend Stocks

  1. J. Am. Chem. SOC.1992, 114, 4265-4268 4265 allyl alcohol vs that of acrolein). Alternatively, one could argue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helgaker, Trygve

    J. Am. Chem. SOC.1992, 114, 4265-4268 4265 allyl alcohol vs that of acrolein). Alternatively, one could argue that acrolein liberates vinyl groups and allyl alcohol liberates acetylene; the former would The principal influences of the C = C group of allyl alcohol and acrolein are on the bonding configuration

  2. Paradoxical increase of positive answers to the CAGE questionnaire during a period of decreasing alcohol consumption: results from two population-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    first worldwide until 1983, in per capita yearly alcohol intake, and stayed in the top 6 countries since alcohol consumption: results from two population- based surveys in Île-de-France, 1991 and 2005. Short questionnaire during a period of decreasing alcohol consumption: results from two population- based surveys

  3. Catalysts and process for hydrogenolysis of sugar alcohols to polyols

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chopade, Shubham P. (East Lansing, MI) [East Lansing, MI; Miller, Dennis J. (Okemos, MI) [Okemos, MI; Jackson, James E. (Haslett, MI) [Haslett, MI; Werpy, Todd A. (West Richland, WA) [West Richland, WA; Frye, Jr., John G [Richland, WA; Zacher, Alan H. (Richland, WA) [Richland, WA

    2001-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention provides a process for preparation of low molecular weight polyols from high molecular weight polyols in a hydrogenolysis reaction under elevated temperature and hydrogen pressure. The process comprises providing in a reaction mixture the polyols, a base, and a metal catalyst prepared by depositing a transition metal salt on an inert support, reducing the metal salt to the metal with hydrogen, and passivating the metal with oxygen, and wherein the catalyst is reduced with hydrogen prior to the reaction. In particular, the process provides for the preparation of glycerol, propylene glycol, and ethylene glycol from sugar alcohols such as sorbitol or xylitol. In a preferred process, the metal catalyst comprises ruthenium which is deposited on an alumina, titania, or carbon support, and the dispersion of the ruthenium on the support increases during the hydrogenolysis reaction.

  4. Computational Studies of [Bmim][PF6]/n-Alcohol Interfaces with Many-Body Potentials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chang, Tsun-Mei; Dang, Liem X.

    2014-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we present the results from molecular-dynamics simulations of the equilibrium properties of liquid/liquid interfaces of room temperature ionic liquid [bmim][PF6] and simple alcohols (i.e., methanol, 1-butanol, and 1-hexanol) at room temperature. Polarizable potential models are employed to describe the interactions among species. Results from our simulations show stable interfaces between the ionic liquid and n-alcohols, and we found that the interfacial widths decrease from methanol to 1-butanol systems, and then increase for 1-hexanol interfaces. Angular distribution analysis reveals that the interface induces a strong orientational order of [bmim] and n-alcohol molecules near the interface, with [bmim] extending its butyl group into the alcohol phase while the alcohol has the OH group pointing into the ion liquid region, which is consistent with the recent sum-frequency-generation experiments. We found the interface to have a significant influence on the dynamics of ionic liquids and n-alcohols. The orientational autocorrelation functions illustrate that [bmim] rotate more freely near the interface than in the bulk, while the rotation of n-alcohol is hindered at the interface. Additionally, the time scale associated with the diffusion along the interfacial direction is found to be faster for [bmim] but slowed down for n-alcohols approaching the interface. We also calculate the dipole moment of n-alcohols as a function of the distance normal to the interface. We found that, even though methanol and 1-butanol have different dipole moments in bulk phase, they reach a similar value at the interface. This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is a multiprogram national laboratory operated for the Department of Energy by Battelle. The calculations were carried out using computer resources provided by the Office of Basic Energy Sciences.

  5. Assessing beef hide interventions as a means to reduce carcass contamination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baird, Bridget Elaine

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    following a water wash. Treatments (distilled water, isopropyl alcohol, 3% hydrogen peroxide, 2% L-lactic acid, 1% cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC), and 10% Povidone-iodine) then were applied to each section and sampled for aerobic plate counts (APCs...

  6. Asymmetric nucleophilic catalysis with planar-chiral DMAP derivatives and chiral phosphines : synthetic and mechanistic studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Sarah Yunmi

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chapter 1 describes the development and detailed mechanistic investigation of the first non-enzymatic method for the dynamic kinetic resolution of secondary alcohols via enantioselective acylation, with acetyl isopropyl ...

  7. Detection of Explosives Using Heated Micro-Cantilever Sensors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koss, James R.

    2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    ) of the actuation of the micro-cantilver. This threshold current is found to provide a unique signature to identify an equilibrium concentration of iso-propyl alcohol, acetone or gasoline vapors at room temperature. The threshold current is proportional...

  8. Alcohol Consumption in University Students: The Relationship Between Personality and Metacognition in Relation to Drinking 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Ailsa

    2010-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    There are growing concerns over the heavy drinking found in university students in the UK. Metacognitions; the cognitive processes that oversee, monitor and control, cognition, have been related to alcohol use. The personality ...

  9. alcohol dehydrogenase-acetyl-coa thio: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    second, the efficacy of three psychotherapies for alcoholism in treating extreme West, Mike First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23...

  10. Synthesis of higher alcohols on copper catalysts supported on alkali-promoted basic oxides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iglesia, Enrique

    -butyl-ether (MTBE) after isobutanol dehydration to form isobutene. An equimolar ratio of methanol to isobutanol would be preferred for MTBE synthesis. Methanol and higher alcohols can also be used for direct blending

  11. Fluoro-alcohol phase modifiers and process for cesium solvent extraction

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bonnesen, Peter V.; Moyer, Bruce A.; Sachleben, Richard A.

    2003-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention relates to a class of phenoxy fluoro-alcohols, their preparation, and their use as phase modifiers and solvating agents in a solvent composition for the extraction of cesium from alkaline solutions. These phenoxy fluoro-alcohols comply with the formula: ##STR1## in which n=2 to 4; X represents a hydrogen or a fluorine atom, and R.sup.2 -R.sup.6 are hydrogen or alkyl substituents. These phenoxy fluoro-alcohol phase modifiers are a necessary component to a robust solvent composition and process useful for the removal of radioactive cesium from alkaline nuclear waste streams. The fluoro-alcohols can also be used in solvents designed to extract other cesium from acidic or neutral solutions.

  12. Synthesis Gas Conversion to Aliphatic Alcohols: Study of MoS2 catalytic systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baksh, Faisal

    2010-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    . 1-butanol is considered by many to be the most suitable alcohol replacement for gasoline. Plans for conversion of existing bioethanol facilities to biobutanol are already being drawn up. Early on, methanol-gasoline blends were extensively tested...

  13. E-Print Network 3.0 - acute alcohol exposure Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    chloride 100-44-7) and benzoyl chloride 98-88-4 (combined exposures) IARC-2A Acrolein Acutely... alcohol AcutelyHazardousWaste alpha,alpha-Dimethylphenethylan-dne...

  14. Influence of Fatty Alcohols and Acids on the Clarity and Biota of Impounded Reservoirs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, W. B.; Reynolds, T. D.

    TR-18 1969 Influence of Fatty Alcohols and Acids on the Clarity and Biota of Impounded Reservoirs W.B. Davis T.D. Reynolds Texas Water Resources Institute Texas A&M University ...

  15. Osteopontin-mediated neutrophilic infiltration and higher liver injury in a female rodent alcoholic steatohepatitis model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Atrayee

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Females are known to be more susceptible to alcoholic liver disease (ALD), but the precise mechanism behind this increased susceptibility is not well understood. The objective of this study was to identify the molecular mechanism behind...

  16. Maternal adrenocorticotropin, cortisol and thyroid hormone responses to chronic binge alcohol exposure throughout gestation: ovine model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tress, Ursula

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This study investigated the effect of chronic alcohol exposure on the responses of the maternal hypothalamus-pituitary adrenal axis (HPA-axis) and thyroid hormones throughout gestation using an ovine model. Maternal plasma concentrations of ACTH...

  17. Effects of Alcohol on the Regulation of Imprinted Genes in Mouse Stem Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crocker, Alyssa

    2013-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    ABSTRACT Effects of Alcohol on the Regulation of Imprinted Genes in Mouse Stem Cells. (December 2013) Alyssa Crocker Department of Animal Science Texas A&M University Research Advisor: Dr. Michael Golding Department of Veterinary Physiology...

  18. The effect of moderate alcohol intake on bone mineral density of ovariectomized rats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shipley, Debra Lynn

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Osteoporosis is a major health problem in the United States, especially for postmenopausal women. It is a condition in which many risk factors and dietary factors have been implicated, such as alcohol and estrogen deficiency. Both have been proven...

  19. Cloning and sequencing of the alcohol dehydrogenase II gene from Zymomonas mobilis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ingram, Lonnie O. (Gainesville, FL); Conway, Tyrrell (Gainesville, FL)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The alcohol dehydrogenase II gene from Zymomonas mobilis has been cloned and sequenced. This gene can be expressed at high levels in other organisms to produce acetaldehyde or to convert acetaldehyde to ethanol.

  20. An evaluation of pocket-model, numerical readout breath alcohol testing instruments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Tassel, William Edward

    2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Eight small-scale breath alcohol measurement devices were tested for accuracy, precision and the ability to not yield false positive and false negative readings. These pocket-sized breath testers (PMBTs), which provided numerical readout of Br...

  1. Natural guardians of the race: heredity, hygiene, alcohol, and degeneration in Scottish Psychiatry, c. 1860 – 1920 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, James Anthony

    2012-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis investigates the ways in which hereditary degeneration was discussed by Scottish psychiatrists in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries with particular reference to the anti-alcohol debate. I ...

  2. alcohol intake-induced myocardial: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    year. Fifteen percent of this amount is the cost of medical consequences and alcohol treatment; more than 70 percent is due to reduced, lost and forgone earnings; and the...

  3. Characterization of Catalysts for Synthesis of Higher Alcohols using Electron Microscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E.

    and better production paths. One of these is using biogas to create alcohol as a fuel. Higher. Together with a heating holder, it enables us to study catalysts with TEM methods while

  4. acid isopropyl ester: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    stable thermodynamically and hydration free energies obtained Yu, Fangqun 192 ANTIBODY PURIFICATION USING CAPRYLIC ACID In mildly acidic conditions, the addition of short-chain...

  5. The effect of generalization of extinction on relapse following aversion therapy for alcoholism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Godsey, Robert Lane

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE EFFECT OF GENERALIZATION OF EXTINCTION ON REI, APSE FOLLOWING AVERSION THERAPY FOR ALCOHOLISM A Thesis by ROBERT LANE GODSEY Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1974 Major Subject: Psychology THE EFFECT OF GENERALIZATION OF EXTINCTION ON RELAPSE FOLLOWING AVERSION THERAPY FOR ALCOHOLISM A Thesis ROBERT LANE GODSEY Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committe...

  6. MMPI scores for criminal and non-criminal adult children of alcoholics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brill, Phyllis Rose

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MMPI SCORES FOR CRIMINAL AND NON-CRIMINAL ADULT CHILDREN OF ALCOHOLICS A Thesis by PHYLLIS ROSE BRILL Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AS, M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... August 1988 Major Subject: Psychology MMPI SCORES FOR CRIMINAL AND NON-CRIMINAL ADULT CHILDREN OF ALCOHOLICS A Thesis by PHYLLIS ROSE BRILL Approved as to style and content by: Can ida . Lutes (Chairman of Committee) Robert R. Reilley (Member...

  7. Optimum catalytic process for alcohol fuels from syngas: Second quarterly technical progress report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A base case process for economic studies of making fuel alcohols from syngas has been developed. It uses existing technologies which have been demonstrated to be feasible or have already been commercialized. The process consists of the following steps: coal or natural gas (reforming or partial oxidation) to syngas; syngas to methanol by ICI technology; methanol to light olefins by proprietary UCC technology using molecular sieves; olefins to alcohols by hydroformylation (with a homogeneous rhodium catalyst) followed by hydrogenation. Process economics for the two natural gas-based routes have been developed. With insights gained from this, an optimized and integrated multi-step process has been conceptualized which allows estimation of the lowest cost at which fuel alcohols can be produced. A 60% methanol and 40% higher alcohol mix was assumed to be a suitable fuel alcohol blend for gasoline. At a natural gas price of $2/MMBTU, the cost of producing this, by either partial oxidation or reforming, is $1.12/gal. An integrated process with autothermal reforming at 750 psia and methanol synthesis at 700 psia allows incorporation of the best features of reforming and partial oxidation as well as elimination of syngas compression. The production cost of fuel alcohols by this process is estimated to be $0.90/gal. This is, therefore, the lowest cost at which fuel alcohols can be produced by an integrated, multi-step process. An ''ideal'' process has also been conceptualized which establishes a target production cost that new technology should strive for to be competitive. This process incorporates autothermal reforming for producing syngas followed by conversion to fuel alcohols using emerging technologies. The target production cost is estimated to be $0.65/gal. 16 figs., 10 tabs.

  8. Drug and alcohol abuse: The pattern and magnitude of the problem

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ajayi, P.A.

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In the last 12 months, many more cases of alcohol and drug (substance) abuse in the workplace were seen in the Escravos operations of Chevron Nigeria Limited than in previous years. This called the attention to the rising prevalence of drug and alcohol abuse in contradistinction to reports from similar organizations in other parts of the world. Chevron Nigeria has a written Drug and Alcohol Policy which has been dormant for some time because of the apparent rarity of the problem of substance abuse in the workplace. This Policy is being reviewed to broaden its scope and make it more effective. A total of 30 employees were tested for drugs and alcohol .6 exceeded the legal limits of Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) and 5 tested positive for drugs. Tests were mainly post-accident, reasonable cause and random. The common substances abused were alcohol, cannabis, cocaine and morphine in that order. The findings are compared with those of similar organizations in UK and USA. Efforts to control substance abuse in the workplace are being put into place.

  9. Partial oxidation for improved cold starts in alcohol-fueled engines: Phase 2 topical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Alcohol fuels exhibit poor cold-start performance because of their low volatility. Neat alcohol engines become difficult, if not impossible, to start at temperatures close to or below freezing. Improvements in the cold-start performance (both time to start and emissions) are essential to capture the full benefits of alcohols as an alternative transportation fuel. The objective of this project was to develop a neat alcohol partial oxidation (POX) reforming technology to improve an alcohol engine`s ability to start at low temperatures (as low as {minus}30 C) and to reduce its cold-start emissions. The project emphasis was on fuel-grade ethanol (E95) but the technology can be easily extended to other alcohol fuels. Ultimately a compact, on-vehicle, ethanol POX reactor was developed as a fuel system component to produce a hydrogen-rich, fuel-gas mixture for cold starts. The POX reactor is an easily controllable combustion device that allows flexibility during engine startup even in the most extreme conditions. It is a small device that is mounted directly onto the engine intake manifold. The gaseous fuel products (or reformate) from the POX reactor exit the chamber and enter the intake manifold, either replacing or supplementing the standard ethanol fuel consumed during an engine start. The combustion of the reformate during startup can reduce engine start time and tail-pipe emissions.

  10. Process for the synthesis of aliphatic alcohol-containing mixtures

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Greene, M.I.; Gelbein, A.P.

    1984-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A process for the synthesis of mixtures which include saturated aliphatic alcohols is disclosed. In the first step of the process, the first catalyst activation stage, a catalyst, which comprises the oxides of copper, zinc, aluminum, potassium and one or two additional metals selected from the group consisting of chromium, magnesium, cerium, cobalt, thorium and lanthanum, is partially activated. In this step, a reducing gas stream, which includes hydrogen and at least one inert gas, flows past the catalyst at a space velocity of up to 5,000 liters (STP) per hour, per kilogram of catalyst. The partially activated catalyst is then subjected to the second step of the process, second-stage catalyst activation. In this step, the catalyst is contacted by an activation gas stream comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide present in a volume ratio of 0.5:1 and 4:1, respectively, at a temperature of 200 to 450 C and a pressure of between 35 and 200 atmospheres. The activation gas flows at a space velocity of from 1,000 to 20,000 liters (STP) per hour, per kilogram of catalyst. Second-stage activation continues until the catalyst is contacted with at least 500,000 liters (STP) of activation gas per kilogram of catalyst. The fully activated catalyst, in the third step of the process, contacts a synthesis gas stream comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide.

  11. Process for the synthesis of aliphatic alcohol-containing mixtures

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Greene, Marvin I. (Oradell, NJ); Gelbein, Abraham P. (Morristown, NJ)

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A process for the synthesis of mixtures which include saturated aliphatic alcohols is disclosed. In the first step of the process, the first catalyst activation stage, a catalyst, which comprises the oxides of copper, zinc, aluminum, potassium and one or two additional metals selected from the group consisting of chromium, magnesium, cerium, cobalt, thorium and lanthanum, is partially activated. In this step, a reducing gas stream, which includes hydrogen and at least one inert gas, flows past the catalyst at a space velocity of up to 5,000 liters (STP) per hour, per kilogram of catalyst. The partially activated catalyst is then subjected to the second step of the process, second-stage catalyst activation. In this step, the catalyst is contacted by an activation gas stream comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide present in a volume ratio of 0.5:1 and 4:1, respectively, at a temperature of 200.degree. to 450.degree. C. and a pressure of between 35 and 200 atmospheres. The activation gas flows at a space velocity of from 1,000 to 20,000 liters (STP) per hour, per kilogram of catalyst. Second-stage activation continues until the catalyst is contacted with at least 500,000 liters (STP) of activation gas per kilogram of catalyst. The fully activated catalyst, in the third step of the process, contacts a synthesis gas stream comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide.

  12. Assessment of ether and alcohol fuels from coal. Volume 2. Technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A unique route for the indirect liquefaction of coal to produce transportation fuel has been evaluated. The resultant fuel includes alkyl tertiary alkyl ethers and higher alcohols, all in the gasoline boiling range. When blended into gasoline, the ether fuel provides several advantages over the lower alcohols: (1) lower chemical oxygen content, (2) less-severe water-separation problems, and (3) reduced front-end volatility effects. The ether fuel also has high-octane quality. Further, it can be utilized as a gasoline substitute in all proportions. Production of ether fuel combines several steps, all of which are or have been practiced on an industrial scale: (1) coal gasification, (2) gas cleanup and shift to desired H/sub 2/:CO ratio, (3) conversion of synthesis gas to isobutanol, methanol, and higher alcohols, (4) separation of alcohols, (5) chemical dehydration of isobutanol to isobutylene, and (6) etherification of isobutylene with methanol. A pilot-plant investigation of the isobutanol synthesis step was performed. Estimates of ether-fuel manufacturing costs indicate this process route is significantly more costly than synthesis of methanol. However, the fuel performance features provide incentive for developing the necessary process and catalyst improvements. Co-production of higher-molecular-weight co-solvent alcohols represents a less-drastic form of methanol modification to achieve improvement in the performance of methanol-gasoline blends. Costs were estimated for producing several proportions of methanol plus higher alcohols from coal. Estimated fuel selling price increases regularly but modestly with higher alcohol content.

  13. Debye relaxation and 250 K anomaly in glass forming monohydroxy alcohols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bauer, S; Gainaru, C; Lunkenheimer, P; Hiller, W; Loidl, A; Böhmer, R

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A previous dielectric, near-infrared (NIR), and nuclear magnetic resonance study on the hydrogen-bonded liquid 2-ethyl-1-hexanol [C. Gainaru et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 118304 (2011)] revealed anomalous behavior in various static quantities near 250 K. To check whether corresponding observations can be made for other monohydroxy alcohols as well, these experimental methods were applied to such substances with 5, 6, 7, 8, and 10 carbon atoms in their molecular backbone. All studied liquids exhibit a change of behavior near 250 K which is tentatively ascribed to effects of hydrogen bond cooperativity. By analyzing the NIR band intensities, a linear cluster size is derived that agrees with estimates from dielectric spectroscopy. All studied alcohols, except 4-methyl-3-heptanol, display a dominant Debye-like peak. Furthermore, neat 2-ethyl-1-butanol exhibits a well resolved structural relaxation in its dielectric loss spectrum which so far has only been observed for diluted monohydroxy alcohols.

  14. Process to convert biomass and refuse derived fuel to ethers and/or alcohols

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Diebold, J.P.; Scahill, J.W.; Chum, H.L.; Evans, R.J.; Rejai, B.; Bain, R.L.; Overend, R.P.

    1996-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A process is described for conversion of a feedstock selected from the group consisting of biomass and refuse derived fuel (RDF) to provide reformulated gasoline components comprising a substantial amount of materials selected from the group consisting of ethers, alcohols, or mixtures thereof, comprising: drying said feedstock; subjecting said dried feedstock to fast pyrolysis using a vortex reactor or other means; catalytically cracking vapors resulting from said pyrolysis using a zeolite catalyst; condensing any aromatic byproduct fraction; catalytically alkylating any benzene present in said vapors after condensation; catalytically oligomerizing any remaining ethylene and propylene to higher olefins; isomerizing said olefins to reactive iso-olefins; and catalytically reacting said iso-olefins with an alcohol to form ethers or with water to form alcohols. 35 figs.

  15. Process to convert biomass and refuse derived fuel to ethers and/or alcohols

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Diebold, James P. (Lakewood, CO); Scahill, John W. (Evergreen, CO); Chum, Helena L. (Arvada, CO); Evans, Robert J. (Lakewood, CO); Rejai, Bahman (Lakewood, CO); Bain, Richard L. (Golden, CO); Overend, Ralph P. (Lakewood, CO)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A process for conversion of a feedstock selected from the group consisting of biomass and refuse derived fuel (RDF) to provide reformulated gasoline components comprising a substantial amount of materials selected from the group consisting of ethers, alcohols, or mixtures thereof, comprising: drying said feedstock; subjecting said dried feedstock to fast pyrolysis using a vortex reactor or other means; catalytically cracking vapors resulting from said pyrolysis using a zeolite catalyst; condensing any aromatic byproduct fraction; catalytically alkylating any benzene present in said vapors after condensation; catalytically oligomerizing any remaining ethylene and propylene to higher olefins; isomerizing said olefins to reactive iso-olefins; and catalytically reacting said iso-olefins with an alcohol to form ethers or with water to form alcohols.

  16. Campus Health/forms/2013,06,07 AGREEMENT TO SUBMIT TO AN ALCOHOL AND/OR DRUG TEST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campus Health/forms/2013,06,07 AGREEMENT TO SUBMIT TO AN ALCOHOL AND/OR DRUG TEST AND AUTHORIZATION FOR THE RELEASE OF TEST RESULTS I have been requested by LSUHSC to submit to an alcohol and/or drug test and/or drug test is completely voluntary on my part and that I have the right to refuse to submit

  17. VI-8.00(B) UMCP POLICY ON STUDENT ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUG ABUSE APPROVED BY PRESIDENT SEPTEMBER 9, 1992

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Teng

    VI-8.00(B) UMCP POLICY ON STUDENT ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUG ABUSE APPROVED BY PRESIDENT SEPTEMBER 9, 1992 I. Policy The University of Maryland at College Park is dedicated to the pursuit and dissemination of drugs and alcohol. In keeping with this commitment, it is the policy of the University that the illegal

  18. The effect of alcohol on the bone growth spurt of rats at a time equivalent to adolescent females 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaffin, Catherine Lee

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this study is to determine the effect of long-term alcohol consumption on the growth spurt in adolescent rats. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were fed one of three diets (alcohol, pair-fed or chow) for 3 months. ...

  19. Process for the conversion of lower alcohols to higher branched oxygenates

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Barger, Paul T. (Arlington Heights, IL)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A process is provided for the production of branched C.sub.4+ oxygenates from lower alcohols such as methanol, ethanol, propanol and mixtures thereof. The process comprises contacting the lower alcohols with a solid catalyst comprising a mixed metal oxide support having components selected from the group consisting of oxides of zinc, magnesium, zirconia, titanium, manganese, chromium, and lanthanides, and an activation metal selected from the group consisting of Group VIII metal, Group IB metals, and mixtures thereof. The advantage of the process is improved yields and selectivity to isobutanol which can subsequently be employed in the production of high octane motor gasoline.

  20. Process for the conversion of lower alcohols to higher branched oxygenates

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Barger, P.T.

    1996-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A process is provided for the production of branched C{sub x} oxygenates from lower alcohols such as methanol, ethanol, propanol and mixtures thereof. The process comprises contacting the lower alcohols with a solid catalyst comprising a mixed metal oxide support having components selected from the group consisting of oxides of zinc, magnesium, zirconia, titanium, manganese, chromium, and lanthanides, and an activation metal selected from the group consisting of Group VIII metal, Group IB metals, and mixtures thereof. The advantage of the process is improved yields and selectivity to isobutanol which can subsequently be employed in the production of high octane motor gasoline.

  1. Probe molecule studies: Active species in alcohol synthesis. Final report, July 1993--July 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blackmond, D.G.; Wender, I.; Oukaci, R.; Wang, Jian

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objectives of this project are to investigate the role(s) of cobalt and copper in constructing the active sites for the formation of higher alcohols from CO/H{sub 2} over the Co-Cu based catalysts by using different reduction treatments and applying selected characterization tools such as TPR, TPD, XRD and XPS as well as to generate mechanistic information on the reaction pathway(s) and key intermediate(s) of higher alcohol synthesis from CO/H{sub 2} over Co-Cu/ZnO catalysts by the approach of in-situ addition of a probe molecule (nitromethane).

  2. MATERNAL COFFEE AND ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION DURING PREGNANCY, PARENTAL SMOKING AND RISK OF CHILDHOOH ACUTE LEUKEMIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ACUTE LEUKEMIA Short title: Maternal coffee and alcohol consumption, parental smoking and childhood smoking and maternal beverage consumption, were obtained for 280 cases of childhood acute leukemia and 280 acute leukemia in a multicenter case-control study. The study included 280 incident cases and 288

  3. DRD2 Gene Transfer Into the Nucleus Accumbens Core of the Alcohol Preferring and Nonpreferring Rats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Homes, Christopher C.

    their alcohol preference (37% decrease) and intake (48% decrease), and these measures returned to pretreat- ment. Analysis of the [11 C]raclopride micro­positron emission tomography data after chronic (7 weeks) exposure, 1996; Volkow et al., 1996, 2002). These data have led to the hypothesis that DRD2 deficiency or down

  4. Synthesis of higher alcohols from carbon monoxide and hydrogen in a slurry reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCutchen, M.S.

    1992-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Higher, i.e. C{sub 2{sup +}}, alcohols are desired as gasoline additives, feedstocks for producing ethers and as alternative fuels for automobiles. In all cases, the backbone branching of an alcohol improves octane rating, which is essential for good engine performance. These types of branched, higher alcohols are the desired products for a process converting synthesis gas, a CO and H{sub 2} mixture, often generated from coal gasification. Based on this premise, promoted ZnCr oxide catalysts appear to be as one of the best avenues for further investigation. Once this investigation is complete, a natural extension is to replace the Cr in the ZnCr oxide catalyst with Mo and W, both in the same elemental triad with Cr. Mo has already been shown as an active HAS catalyst, both on a SiO{sub 2} support and in the MoS{sub 2} form. The three catalyst combinations, ZnMo, ZnW, and MnCr oxides will be tested in the stirred autoclave system. However, if none of the three indicate any comparable activity and/or selectivity toward higher alcohols as compared with other HAS catalysts, then an investigation of the effects of Cs promotion on the ZnCr oxide methanol catalysts will be executed.

  5. ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHNOLOGY 6:2 Fluorotelomer alcohol (6:2 FTOH) biodegradation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Kung-Hui "Bella"

    ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHNOLOGY 6:2 Fluorotelomer alcohol (6:2 FTOH) biodegradation by multiple of 6:2 FTOH has been studied in various environmental matrices such as soils, sediment, and activated pathway I to produce Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s

  6. WASHINGTON AND LEE UNIVERSITY GUIDELINES FOR ON-CAMPUS SERVING OF ALCOHOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marsh, David

    of alcohol is judged an appropriate aspect of a University campus event, consider serving beer and wine and beer is preferred; hard liquor may be served if it is unlikely undergraduates will be present and after, wine, beer and hard liquor may be served. Private events at the President's home need no prior

  7. Exposure to the Taste of Alcohol Elicits Activation of the Mesocorticolimbic Neurocircuitry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banich, Marie T.

    . Neuropsychopharmacology (2008) 33, 1391­1401; doi:10.1038/sj.npp.1301513; published online 25 July 2007 Keywords: alcohol The construct of craving for substances of abuse by humans has often been defined as the strong desire or urge

  8. *Swinburne and the SSAA support responsible service of alcohol. Student ID card required for entry.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liley, David

    to have a drink*. Swinburne and SSAA suppport responsible service of alcohol. Lecture Theatre FBE - EN103 FLSS - EN413 Depart from Lecture Theatre The George and surrounds Lecture Theatre FBE - EN103 FLSS - EN413 Lecture Theatre FBE - EN103 FLSS - EN413 Lecture Theatre FBE - EN103 FLSS - EN413 O-Host Marquee

  9. alcohol-related brain damage: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    alcohol-related brain damage First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Proteomics of the human...

  10. Vacuum-Ultraviolet Photoionization and Mass Spectrometric Characterization of Lignin Monomers Coniferyl and Sinapyl Alcohols

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Takahashi, Lynelle K.; Zhou, Jia; Kostko, Oleg; Golan, Amir; Leone, Stephen R.; Ahmed, Musahid

    2011-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The fragmentation mechanisms of monolignols under various energetic processes are studied with jet-cooled thermal desorption molecular beam (TDMB) mass spectrometry (MS), 25 keV Bi3+ secondary ion MS (SIMS), synchrotron vacuum-ultraviolet secondary neutral MS (VUV-SNMS) and theoretical methods. Experimental and calculated appearance energies of fragments observed in TDMB MS indicate that the coniferyl alcohol photoionization mass spectra contain the molecular parent and several dissociative photoionization products. Similar results obtained for sinapyl alcohol are also discussed briefly. Ionization energies of 7.60 eV ? 0.05 eV for coniferyl alcohol and<7.4 eV for both sinapyl and dihydrosinapyl alcohols are determined. The positive ion SIMS spectrum of coniferyl alcohol shares few characteristic peaks (m/z = 137 and 151) with the TDMB mass spectra, shows extensive fragmentation, and does not exhibit clear molecular parent signals. VUV-SNMS spectra, on the other hand, are dominated by the parent ion and main fragments also present in the TDMB spectra. Molecular fragmentation in VUV-SNMS spectra can be reduced by increasing the extraction delay time. Some features resembling the SIMS spectra are also observed in the desorbed neutral products. The monolignol VUV-SNMS peaks shared with the TDMB mass spectra suggest that dissociative photoionization of ion-sputtered neutral molecules predominate in the VUV-SNMS mass spectra, despite the extra internal energy imparted in the initial ion impact. The potential applications of these results to imaging mass spectrometry of bio-molecules are discussed.

  11. A Single Phosphine Ligand Allows Palladium-Catalyzed Intermolecular C-O Bond Formation with Secondary and Primary Alcohols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Xiaoxing

    Forging a bond: An efficient, general palladium catalyst for C-O bond-forming reactions of secondary and primary alcohols with a range of aryl halides has been developed using the ligand 1. Heteroaryl halides, and for the ...

  12. Preventive effects of Flos Perariae (Gehua) water extract and its active ingredient puerarin in rodent alcoholism models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Zaijun; Li, Sha; Jiang, Jie; Yu, Pei; Liang, Jing; Wang, Yuqiang

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    536. 9. Keung WM, Vallee BL: Kudzu root: an ancient Chineseof the Chinese herbal root kudzu reduces alcohol drinking byMcGregor NR: Pueraria lobata (Kudzu root) hangover remedies

  13. Effects of Concentration of Organically Modified Nanoclay on Properties of Sulfonated Poly(vinyl alcohol) Nanocomposite Membranes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanglimsuwan, Apiradee

    Electrolyte nanocomposite membranes for proton exchange membrane fuel cells and direct methanol fuel cells were prepared by carrying out a sulfonation of poly(vinyl alcohol) with sulfosuccinic acid and adding a type of ...

  14. Factors affecting alcohol treatment in males: an estimation of gender-role issues, self-concept, and psychiatric symptomatology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Betty Lynn

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    FACTORS AFFECTING ALCOHOL TREATMENT IN MALES: AN EXAMINATION OF GENDER ROLE ISSUES ~ SELF CONCEPT AND PSYCHIATRIC SYMPTOMATOLOGY A Thesis by BETTY LYNN CLARK Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1993 Major Subject: Psychology FACTORS AFFECTING ALCOHOL TREATMENT IN MALES: AN EXAMINATION OF GENDER-ROLE ISSUES, SELF-CONCEPT, AND PSYCHIATRIC SYMPTOMATOLOGY A Thesis by BETTY...

  15. Mechanisms of alcohol-induced neuroteratology: an examination of the roles of fetal cerebral blood flow and hypoxia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parnell, Scott Edward

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    MECHANISMS OF ALCOHOL-INDUCED NEUROTERATOLOGY: AN EXAMINATION OF THE ROLES OF FETAL CEREBRAL BLOOD FLOW AND HYPOXIA A Dissertation by SCOTT EDWARD PARNELL Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A...&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2004 Major Subject: Medical Sciences MECHANISMS OF ALCOHOL-INDUCED NEUROTERATOLOGY: AN EXAMINATION OF THE ROLES...

  16. Nuclear magnetic resonance (N.M.R.) studies of alkyl formates and of alcohol-water azeotropes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Brien, Patrick William

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE (N. M. R. ) STUDIES OF ALKYL FORMATES AND OF ALCOHOL-WATER AZEOTROPES A Thesis By PATRICK WILLIAM O' BRIEN Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE January 1966 Major Subject: Chemistry NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE (N. M. R. ) STUDIES OF ALKYL FORMATES AND OF ALCOHOL-WATER AZEOTROPES A Thesis By PATRICK WILLIAM O' BRIEN Approved as to style and content by...

  17. Extraction of Cs-137 by alcohol-water solvents from plants containing cardiac glycosides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dzyubak, S N; Dzyubak, O P; Sorokin, P V; Popov, V F; Orlov, A A; Krasnov, V P; Gubin, Yu.I.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As a result of nuclear power plant accidents, large areas receive radioactive inputs of Cs-137. This cesium accumulates in herbs growing in such territories. The problem is whether the herbs contaminated by radiocesium may be used as a raw material for medicine. The answer depends on the amount of Cs-137 transfered from the contaminated raw material to the medicine. We have presented new results of the transfer of Cs-137 from contaminated Digitalis grandiflora Mill. and Convallaria majalis L. to medicine. We found that the extraction of Cs-137 depends strongly on the hydrophilicity of the solvent. For example 96.5%(vol.) ethyl alcohol extracts less Cs-137 (11.6%) than 40%(vol.) ethyl alcohol or pure water (66.2%). The solubility of the cardiac glycosides is inverse to the solubility of cesium, which may be of use in the technological processes for manufacturing ecologically pure herbal medicine.

  18. Nickel Phosphine Catalysts with Pendant Amines for Electrocatalytic Oxidation of Alcohols

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weiss, Charles J.; Wiedner, Eric S.; Roberts, John A.; Appel, Aaron M.

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nickel phosphine complexes with pendant amines have been found to be electrocatalysts for the oxidation of primary and secondary alcohols, with turnover frequencies as high as 3.3 s-1. These complexes are the first electrocatalysts for alcohol oxidation based on non-precious metals, which will be critical for use in fuel cells. The research by CJW, ESW, and AMA was supported by the US Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences. The research by JASR was supported as part of the Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis, an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for the US Department of Energy.

  19. Mild and selective vanadium-catalyzed oxidation of benzylic, allylic, and propargylic alcohols using air

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hanson, Susan Kloek; Silks, Louis A; Wu, Ruilian

    2013-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention concerns processes for oxidizing an alcohol to produce a carbonyl compound. The processes comprise contacting the alcohol with (i) a gaseous mixture comprising oxygen; and (ii) an amine compound in the presence of a catalyst, having the formula: ##STR00001## where each of R.sup.1-R.sup.12 are independently H, alkyl, aryl, CF.sub.3, halogen, OR.sup.13, SO.sub.3R.sup.14, C(O)R.sup.15, CONR.sup.16R.sup.17 or CO.sub.2R.sup.18; each of R.sup.13-R.sup.18 is independently alkyl or aryl; and Z is alkl or aryl.

  20. Hydrogenolysis of 5-carbon sugars, sugar alcohols, and methods of making propylene glycol

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Werpy, Todd A [West Richland, WA; Zacher, Alan H [Kennewick, WA

    2006-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods and compositions for reactions of hydrogen over a Re-containing catalyst with compositions containing a 5-carbon sugar, sugar alcohol, or lactic acid are described. It has been surprisingly discovered that reaction with hydrogen over a Re-containing multimetallic catalyst resulted in superior conversion and selectivity to desired products such as propylene glycol. A process for the synthesis of PG from lactate or lactic acid is also described.

  1. Hydrogenolysis Of 5-Carbon Sugars, Sugar Alcohols And Compositions For Reactions Involving Hydrogen

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Werpy, Todd A. (West Richland, WA); Frye, Jr., John G. (Richland, WA); Zacher, Alan H. (Kennewick, WA); Miller, Dennis J. (Okemos, MI)

    2004-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods and compositions for reactions of hydrogen over a Re-containing catalyst with compositions containing a 5-carbon sugar, sugar alcohol, or lactic acid are described. It has been surprisingly discovered that reaction with hydrogen over a Re-containing multimetallic catalyst resulted in superior conversion and selectivity to desired products such as propylene glycol. A process for the synthesis of PG from lactate or lactic acid is also described.

  2. Hydrogenolysis of 5-carbon sugars, sugar alcohols, and other methods and compositions for reactions involving hydrogen

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Werpy, Todd A [West Richland, WA; Zacher, Alan H [Kennewick, WA

    2002-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods and compositions for reactions of hydrogen over a Re-containing catalyst with compositions containing a 5-carbon sugar, sugar alcohol, or lactic acid are described. It has been surprisingly discovered that reaction with hydrogen over a Re-containing multimetallic catalyst resulted in superior conversion and selectivity to desired products such as propylene glycol. A process for the synthesis of PG from lactate or lactic acid is also described.

  3. Nuclear magnetic resonance measurements reveal the origin of the Debye process in monohydroxy alcohols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Gainaru; R. Meier; S. Schildmann; C. Lederle; W. Hiller; E. A. Rössler; R. Böhmer

    2010-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Monohydroxy alcohols show a structural relaxation and at longer time scales a Debye-type dielectric peak. From spin-lattice relaxation experiments using different nuclear probes an intermediate, slower-than-structural dynamics is identified for n-butanol. Based on these findings and on diffusion measurements, a model of self-restructuring, transient chains is proposed. The model is demonstrated to explain consistently the so far puzzling observations made for this class of hydrogen-bonded glass forming liquids.

  4. Reaction of bisarenyl, cyclopentadienyl, and carbonyl transition metal compounds with polyhydric alcohols

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Slushkov, A.M.; Petrov, B.I.; Domrachev, G.A.

    1987-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown that the thermally stable (to 300-400/sup 0/C) transition metal glycolates, glycerates, and pinacolates could be obtained from bisarenyl, cyclopentadienyl, and carbonyl metal compounds by reaction with polymeric alcohols. At 150-180/sup 0/C monomeric compounds are formed; these are converted to polymeric products above 200/sup 0/C. When two glycolates react with various metals or when glycolates react with organometallic compounds, new, mixed complexes of a polymeric nature are obtained.

  5. Correlation between speciated hydrocarbon emissions and flame ionization detector response for gasoline/alcohol blends .

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wallner, T. (Energy Systems)

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. renewable fuel standard has made it a requirement to increase the production of ethanol and advanced biofuels to 36 billion by 2022. Ethanol will be capped at 15 billion, which leaves 21 billion to come from other sources such as butanol. Butanol has a higher energy density and lower affinity for water than ethanol. Moreover, alcohol fueled engines in general have been shown to positively affect engine-out emissions of oxides of nitrogen and carbon monoxide compared with their gasoline fueled counterparts. In light of these developments, the variety and blend levels of oxygenated constituents is likely to increase in the foreseeable future. The effect on engine-out emissions for total hydrocarbons is less clear due to the relative insensitivity of the flame ionization detector (FID) toward alcohols and aldehydes. It is well documented that hydrocarbon (HC) measurement using a conventional FID in the presence of oxygenates in the engine exhaust stream can lead to a misinterpretation of HC emissions trends for alcohol fuel blends. Characterization of the exhaust stream for all expected hydrocarbon constituents is required to accurately determine the actual concentration of unburned fuel components in the exhaust. In addition to a conventional exhaust emissions bench, this characterization requires supplementary instrumentation capable of hydrocarbon speciation and response factor independent quantification. Although required for certification testing, this sort of instrumentation is not yet widely available in engine development facilities. Therefore, an attempt is made to empirically determine FID correction factors for oxygenate fuels. Exhaust emissions of an engine fueled with several blends of gasoline and ethanol, n-butanol and iso-Butanol were characterized using both a conventional FID and a Fourier transform infrared. Based on these results, a response factor predicting the actual hydrocarbon emissions based solely on FID results as a function of alcohol type and content is presented. Finally, the correlation derived from data presented in this study is compared with equations and results found in the literature.

  6. Detection of Explosives Using a Micro-cantilever Array Nano-Calorimeter System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lane, Matthew

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    -cantilever beam in response to the thermal bi-metallic actuation was greater when exposed to acetone vapors than that for alcohol and air. Also, the deflection of the beam was greater for experiments using iso-propyl alcohol than that for air. These results...

  7. Intermediate Alcohol-Gasoline Blends, Fuels for Enabling Increased Engine Efficiency and Powertrain Possibilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Splitter, Derek A [ORNL] [ORNL; Szybist, James P [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present study experimentally investigates spark-ignited combustion with 87 AKI E0 gasoline in its neat form and in mid-level alcohol-gasoline blends with 24% vol./vol. iso-butanol-gasoline (IB24) and 30% vol./vol. ethanol-gasoline (E30). A single-cylinder research engine is used with a low and high compression ratio of 9.2:1 and 11.85:1 respectively. The engine is equipped with hydraulically actuated valves, laboratory intake air, and is capable of external exhaust gas recirculation (EGR). All fuels are operated to full-load conditions with =1, using both 0% and 15% external cooled EGR. The results demonstrate that higher octane number bio-fuels better utilize higher compression ratios with high stoichiometric torque capability. Specifically, the unique properties of ethanol enabled a doubling of the stoichiometric torque capability with the 11.85:1 compression ratio using E30 as compared to 87 AKI, up to 20 bar IMEPg at =1 (with 15% EGR, 18.5 bar with 0% EGR). EGR was shown to provide thermodynamic advantages with all fuels. The results demonstrate that E30 may further the downsizing and downspeeding of engines by achieving increased low speed torque, even with high compression ratios. The results suggest that at mid-level alcohol-gasoline blends, engine and vehicle optimization can offset the reduced fuel energy content of alcohol-gasoline blends, and likely reduce vehicle fuel consumption and tailpipe CO2 emissions.

  8. Oxidation, Reduction, and Condensation of Alcohols over (MO3)3 (M=Mo, W) Nanoclusters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fang, Zongtang; Li, Zhenjun; Kelley, Matthew S.; Kay, Bruce D.; Li, Shenggang; Hennigan, Jamie M.; Rousseau, Roger J.; Dohnalek, Zdenek; Dixon, David A.

    2014-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The reactions of deuterated methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol, 1-butanol, 2-propanol, 2-butanol and t-butanol over cyclic (MO3)3 (M = Mo, W) clusters were studied experimentally with temperature programmed desorption (TPD) and theoretically with coupled cluster CCSD(T) theory and density functional theory. The reactions of two alcohols per M3O9 cluster are required to provide agreement with experiment for D2O release, dehydrogenation and dehydration. The reaction begins with the elimination of water by proton transfers and forms an intermediate dialkoxy species which can undergo further reaction. Dehydration proceeds by a ? hydrogen transfer to a terminal M=O. Dehydrogenation takes place via an ? hydrogen transfer to an adjacent MoVI = O atom or a WVI metal center with redox involved for M = Mo and no redox for M = W. The two channels have comparable activation energies. H/D exchange to produce alcohols can take place after olefin is released or via the dialkoxy species depending on the alcohol and the cluster. The Lewis acidity of the metal center with WVI being larger than MoVI results in the increased reactivity of W3O9 over Mo3O9 for dehydrogenation and dehydration.

  9. Potential impact of Thailand's alcohol program on production, consumption, and trade of cassava, sugarcane, and corn

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boonserm, P.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On the first of May 1980, Thailand's fuel-alcohol program was announced by the Thai government. According to the program, a target of 147 million liters of ethanol would be produced in 1981, from cassava, sugarcane, and other biomasses. Projecting increases in output each year, the target level of ethanol produciton was set at 482 million liters of ethanol for 1986. The proposed amount of ethanol production could create a major shift up in the demand schedule of energy crops such as cassava, sugarcane, and corn. The extent of the adjustments in price, production, consumption, and exports for these energy crops need to be evaluated. The purpose of this study is to assess the potential impact of Thailand's fuel-alcohol program on price, production, consumption, and exports of three potential energy crops: cassava, sugarcane, and corn. Econometric commodity models of cassava, sugarcane, and corn are constructed and used as a method of assessment. The overall results of the forecasting simulations of the models indicate that the fuel-alcohol program proposed by the Thai government will cause the price, production, and total consumption of cassava, sugarcane, and corn to increase; on the other hand, it will cause exports to decline. In addition, based on the relative prices and the technical coefficients of ethanol production of these three energy crops, this study concludes that only cassava should be used to produce the proposed target of ethanol production.

  10. Activation of farnesoid X receptor attenuates hepatic injury in a murine model of alcoholic liver disease

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, Weibin [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China) [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China); Institutes of Biomedical Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China); Zhu, Bo; Peng, Xiaomin [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China)] [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China); Zhou, Meiling, E-mail: meilingzhou2012@gmail.com [Department of Radiology, Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University and Shanghai Institute of Medical Imaging, Shanghai 200032 (China)] [Department of Radiology, Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University and Shanghai Institute of Medical Imaging, Shanghai 200032 (China); Jia, Dongwei, E-mail: jiadongwei@fudan.edu.cn [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China)] [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China); Gu, Jianxin [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China) [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China); Institutes of Biomedical Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China)

    2014-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: •FXR activity was impaired by chronic ethanol ingestion in a murine model of ALD. •Activation of FXR attenuated alcohol-induced liver injury and steatosis. •Activation of FXR attenuated cholestasis and oxidative stress in mouse liver. -- Abstract: Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a common cause of advanced liver disease, and considered as a major risk factor of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Hepatic cholestasis is a pathophysiological feature observed in all stages of ALD. The farnesoid X receptor (FXR) is a member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily, and plays an essential role in the regulation of bile acid, lipid and glucose homeostasis. However, the role of FXR in the pathogenesis and progression of ALD remains largely unknown. Mice were fed Lieber-DeCarli ethanol diet or an isocaloric control diet. We used a specific agonist of FXR WAY-362450 to study the effect of pharmacological activation of FXR in alcoholic liver disease. In this study, we demonstrated that FXR activity was impaired by chronic ethanol ingestion in a murine model of ALD. Activation of FXR by specific agonist WAY-362450 protected mice from the development of ALD. We also found that WAY-362450 treatment rescued FXR activity, suppressed ethanol-induced Cyp2e1 up-regulation and attenuated oxidative stress in liver. Our results highlight a key role of FXR in the modulation of ALD development, and propose specific FXR agonists for the treatment of ALD patients.

  11. Method and system for producing lower alcohols. [Heteropolyatomic lead salt coated with alkali metal formate

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rathke, J.W.; Klingler, R.J.; Heiberger, J.J.

    1983-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    It is an object of the present invention to provide an improved catalyst for the reaction of carbon monoxide with water to produce methanol and other lower alcohols. It is a further object to provide a process for the production of methanol from carbon monoxide and water in which a relatively inexpensive catalyst permits the reaction at low pressures. It is also an object to provide a process for the production of methanol from carbon monoxide and water in which a relatively inexpensive catalyst permits the reaction at low pressures. It is also an object to provide a process for the production of methanol in which ethanol is also directly produced. It is another object to provide a process for the production of mixtures of methanol with ethanol and propanol from the reaction of carbon monoxide and water at moderate pressure with inexpensive catalysts. It is likewise an object to provide a system for the catalytic production of lower alcohols from the reaction of carbon monoxide and water at moderate pressure with inexpensive catalysts. In accordance with the present invention, a catalyst is provided for the reaction of carbon monoxide and water to produce lower alcohols. The catalyst includes a lead heteropolyatomic salt in mixture with a metal formate or a precursor to a metal formate.

  12. Catalytic Oxidation of Alcohol via Nickel Phosphine Complexes with Pendant Amines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weiss, Charles J.; Das, Partha Pratim; Higgins, Deanna LM; Helm, Monte L.; Appel, Aaron M.

    2014-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Nickel complexes were prepared with diphosphine ligands that contain pendant amines, and these complexes catalytically oxidize primary and secondary alcohols to their respective aldehydes and ketones. Kinetic and mechanistic studies of these prospective electrocatalysts were performed to understand what influences the catalytic activity. For the oxidation of diphenylmethanol, the catalytic rates were determined to be dependent on the concentration of both the catalyst and the alcohol. The catalytic rates were found to be independent of the concentration of base and oxidant. The incorporation of pendant amines to the phosphine ligand results in substantial increases in the rate of alcohol oxidation with more electron-donating substituents on the pendant amine exhibiting the fastest rates. We thank Dr. John C. Linehan, Dr. Elliott B. Hulley, Dr. Jonathan M. Darmon, and Dr. Elizabeth L. Tyson for helpful discussions. Research by CJW, PD, DLM, and AMA was supported by the US Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences. Research by MLH was supported as part of the Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis, an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is a multiprogram national laboratory operated for DOE by Battelle.

  13. ColorCast Acrylics MSDS No: 00021 Date: 02/02/2006 Page 1 of 5 ColorCast Acrylics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rollins, Andrew M.

    properties, this material does not require special handling other than the good industrial hygiene and safety Industrial Drive Medical: 911 Findlay, OH 45840 Poison Control: 800-589-3897 USA Telephone Numbers Phone practices employed with any industrial material of this type. 4. FIRST AID MEASURES IF IN EYES, immediately

  14. Role of alkyl alcohol on viscosity of silica-based chemical gels for decontamination of highly radioactive nuclear facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Choi, B. S.; Yoon, S. B.; Jung, C. H.; Lee, K. W.; Moon, J. K. [Div. of Decontamination and Decommissioning Technology Development, Korea Atomic Energy Research Inst., Daedeok-daero 989-111, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 305-353 (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Silica-based chemical gel for the decontamination of nuclear facilities was prepared by using fumed silica as a viscosifier, a 0.5 M Ce (IV) solution dissolved in concentrated nitric acid as a chemical decontamination agent, and tripropylene glycol butyl ether (TPGBE) as a co-viscosifier. A new effective strategy for the preparation of the chemical gel was investigated by introducing the alkyl alcohols as organic solvents to effectively dissolve the co-viscosifier. The mixture solution of the co-viscosifier and alkyl alcohols was more effective in the control of viscosity than that of the co-viscosifier only in gel. Here, the alkyl alcohols played a key role as an effective dissolution solvent for the co-viscosifier in the preparation of the chemical gel, resulting in a reducing of the amount of the co-viscosifier and gel time compared with that of the chemical gel prepared without the alkyl alcohols. It was considered that the alkyl alcohols contributed to the effective dissolution of the co-viscosifier as well as the homogeneous mixing in the formation of the gel, while the co-viscosifier in an aqueous media of the chemical decontamination agent solution showed a lower solubility. The decontamination efficiency of the chemical gels prepared in this work using a multi-channel analyzer (MCA) showed a high decontamination efficiency of over ca. 94% and ca. 92% for Co-60 and Cs-137 contaminated on surface of the stainless steel 304, respectively. (authors)

  15. Hydrogen-bond equilibria and life times in a supercooled monohydroxy alcohol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Gainaru; S. Kastner; F. Mayr; P. Lunkenheimer; S. Schildmann; H. J. Weber; W. Hiller; A. Loidl; R. Böhmer

    2011-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Dielectric loss spectra covering 13 decades in frequency were collected for 2-ethyl-1-hexanol, a monohydroxy alcohol that exhibits a prominent Debye-like relaxation, typical for several classes of hydrogen-bonded liquids. The thermal variation of the dielectric absorption amplitude agrees well with that of the hydrogen-bond equilibrium population, experimentally mapped out using near infrared (NIR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements. Despite this agreement, temperature-jump NIR spectroscopy reveals that the hydrogen-bond switching rate does not define the frequency position of the prominent absorption peak. This contrasts with widespread notions and models based thereon, but is consistent with a recent approach.

  16. Transpiration and water use by cotton plants as affected by the soil application of fatty alcohols 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhoads, Frederick Milton

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on tz snspl: ' icn cont~ oi is almost non-existent for cotton. The reseat'ch zepo 'ted berin is one. pa. -. of a joint resea h program which is being conducred by t?e Texas Agriculcur=l Experimen Station and the Procter and Gamble Company fo. de... the fatty alcohols were incuba ed in moist soil for the pre- scribed length of time, the soil was dried in an oven, pulverized by grind- ing, placed in marked containers, and shipped to lfr. heal Thompson, of The Procter and Gamble Company (Pecos, Texas...

  17. Investigations on alcohol production and yeast growth as influenced by media conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uddoulah, Md. Seraj

    1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of 0. 1M acidity per pound of fermented mash. TABLE VIII Yield of Acetone Dried Yeast Cells Grown on Molasses Medium Medica pH Citric Acid psr cent Yeast Yield gas 1 SSrrsIL~a on'~ f~Ye s 1 s Moisture Ash Protein per oant, per cent psr cant... 31 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION The research investigations presented in this thesis represent a study of the influence of chelating or sequestering agents on the ethyl alcohol fermentation process. Conventional fermentation processes...

  18. Transition-metal pi-complexes of vinyl alcohol: platinum and palladium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ori, Masaru

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -necked flask, equipped wi th a con- denser with a drying tube on the top, dry mercuric di- acetaldehyde (40 g, 0. 147 mol) was suspended under argon in dry ether (70 ml) containing the freshly distilled N, N-dimethyl aniline (1. Z g, 0. 01 mol ). Under a... )platinum(I I) was prepared by hydrolyzing the x-trimethylsilyl vinyl ether complex, which was obtained by treating the ethyl- ene complex with trimethylsilyl vinyl ether. The vinyl alcohol complex was characterized by nmr, ir, molecular weight...

  19. High octane ethers from synthesis gas-derived alcohols. Quarterly technical progress report, April--June 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klier, K.; Herman, R.G.; Menszak, J.; Johansson, M.A.; Feeley, O.C.; Kim, D.

    1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The results shown in Figures 10 and 11 demonstrate that the formation of butenes was very sensitive to the alcohol partial pressure. A small elevation of the alcohol pressure suppressed the formation of butenes rather drastically at both 90 and 117{degree}C. The synthesis rates of DME, MIBE, and MTBE ethers were not significantly affected at 90{degree}C, although there was a trend to increase the space time yield of DME as the alcohol pressure was increased. At the reaction temperature of 117{degree}C, all of the ethers showed increasing productivities as the pressure of the reactants was increased (Figure 11). An isotope labelling experiment was carried out to provide mechanistic insight into the manner in which methanol and isobutanol react together to form DME, MIBE, and MTBE ethers and to determine if MTBE were derived from MIBE.

  20. Ascorbic acid suppresses endotoxemia and NF-?B signaling cascade in alcoholic liver fibrosis in guinea pigs: A mechanistic approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abhilash, P.A.; Harikrishnan, R.; Indira, M., E-mail: indiramadambath@gmail.com

    2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Alcohol consumption increases the small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) and intestinal permeability of endotoxin. The endotoxin mediated inflammatory signaling plays a major role in alcoholic liver fibrosis. We evaluated the effect of ascorbic acid (AA), silymarin and alcohol abstention on the alcohol induced endotoxemia and NF-?B activation cascade pathway in guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus). Guinea pigs were administered ethanol at a daily dose of 4 g/kg b.wt for 90 days. After 90 days, ethanol administration was stopped. The ethanol treated animals were divided into abstention, silymarin (250 mg/kg b.wt) and AA (250 mg/kg b.wt) supplemented groups and maintained for 30 days. The SIBO, intestinal permeability and endotoxin were significantly increased in the ethanol group. The mRNA expressions of intestinal proteins claudin, occludin and zona occludens-1 were significantly decreased in ethanol group. The mRNA levels of inflammatory receptors, activity of IKK? and the protein expressions of phospho-I?B?, NF-?B, TNF-?, TGF-?{sub 1} and IL-6 were also altered in ethanol group. The expressions of fibrosis markers ?-SMA, ?{sub 1} (I) collagen and sirius red staining in the liver revealed the induction of fibrosis. But the supplementation of AA could induce greater reduction of ethanol induced SIBO, intestinal barrier defects, NF-?B activation and liver fibrosis than silymarin. The possible mechanism may be the inhibitory effect of AA on SIBO, intestinal barrier defect and IKK?, which decreased the activation of NF-?B and synthesis of cytokines. This might have led to suppression of HSCs activation and liver fibrosis. - Highlights: • Alcohol increases intestinal bacterial overgrowth and permeability of endotoxin. • Endotoxin mediated inflammation plays a major role in alcoholic liver fibrosis. • Ascorbic acid reduces endotoxemia, NF-?B activation and proinflammatory cytokines. • AA's action is by inhibition of SIBO, IKK? and alteration of intestinal permeability. • This might have led to suppression of HSCs activation and liver fibrosis.

  1. Supersonic Jet Spectroscopic Study of p-Methoxybenzyl Alcohol Min-Chul Yoon, Sun Jong Baek, Hyeongjin Cho, Young S. Choi, and Sang Kyu Kim*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Sang Kyu

    Supersonic Jet Spectroscopic Study of p-Methoxybenzyl Alcohol Min-Chul Yoon, Sun Jong Baek0 excitation spectra of p-methoxybenzyl alcohol in a supersonic jet are reported. The long in the jet. The torsional barrier height of 316 cm-1 in the S1 ground-vibrational state is obtained from

  2. Estimating changes in the mechanical properties of the femur in the adult and aged rat due to adult-onset alcohol consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Lyndon Phuoc

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Numerous studies have shown that alcohol has a disturbing effect on the mechanical properties of the skeleton. To determine whether alcohol has a deleterious effect on the adult skeleton, fifty-four, nine-month old, female Sprague-Dawley rats were...

  3. Emission Spectroscopy of Dissociative Allyl Iodide and Allyl Alcohol Excited at 199.7 nm B. F. Parsons, D. E. Szpunar, and L. J. Butler*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butler, Laurie J.

    Emission Spectroscopy of Dissociative Allyl Iodide and Allyl Alcohol Excited at 199.7 nm B. F investigated the emission spectroscopy of allyl iodide, CH2dCHCH2I, and allyl alcohol, CH2dCHCH2- OH, excited). The emission spectrum is dominated by activity in the CH2 wag and the CdC stretch, reflecting the dynamics

  4. Alcohol and Drug Abuse Education Programs The University has developed a program to prevent the illicit use of drugs and the abuse of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    Alcohol and Drug Abuse Education Programs The University has developed a program to prevent the illicit use of drugs and the abuse of alcohol by students and employees. The program provides services related to drug use and abuse including dissemination of informational materials, educational programs

  5. Syngas production by plasma treatments of alcohols, bio-oils and wood This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Syngas production by plasma treatments of alcohols, bio-oils and wood This article has been Contact us My IOPscience #12;Syngas production by plasma treatments of alcohols, bio-oils and wood K to recover energy from biomass. The Syngas produced from biomass can be used to power internal combustion

  6. Polymer Growth Rate in a Wire Chamber with Oxygen,Water, or Alcohol Gas Additives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyarski, Adam; /SLAC

    2008-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The rate of polymer growth on wires was measured in a wire chamber while the chamber was aged initially with helium-isobutane (80:20) gas, and then with either oxygen, water, or alcohol added to the gas. At the completion of the aging process for each gas mixture, the carbon content on the wires was measured in a SEM/EDX instrument. The same physical wires were used in all the gas mixtures, allowing measurement of polymer build up or polymer depletion by each gas additive. It is found that the rate of polymer growth is not changed by the presence of oxygen, water or alcohol. Conjecture that oxygen reduces breakdown by removing polymer deposits on field wires is negated by these measurements. Instead, it appears that the reduced breakdown is due to lower resistance in the polymer from oxygen ions being transported into the polymer. It is also observed that field wires bombarded by the electrons in the SEM and then placed back into the chamber show an abundance of single electrons being emitted, indicating that electron charge is stored in the polymer layer and that a high electric field is necessary to remove the charge.

  7. ALCOHOL FLUSHING FOR REMOVING DNAPL'S FROM CLAY AND SAND LAYERED AQUIFER SYSTEMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    N.J. Hayden; P. Padgett; C. Farrell; J. Diebold; X. Zhou; M. Hood

    1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Alcohol flushing, also called cosolvent flushing, is a relatively new in-situ remediation technology that shows promise for removing organic solvents from the soil and groundwater. Soil and groundwater contamination from organic solvents and petroleum products is one of the most serious and widespread environmental problems of our time. Most of the DOE facilities and inactive sites are experiencing soil and groundwater contamination from organic solvents. These water immiscible solvents have entered the subsurface from leaking underground storage tanks and piping, and from past waste handling and disposal practices such as leaking lagoons, holding ponds and landfills. In many cases, they have traveled hundreds of feet down into the saturated zone. If left in the soil, these chemicals may pose a significant environmental and human health risk. Alcohol flushing has potential for application to spilled solvents located deep within the saturated zone which are difficult if not impossible to remove by current remediation strategies, thus, greatly expediting restoration time, reducing total remediation cost and reducing risk.

  8. The potential for alcohols and related ethers to displace conventional gasoline components

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hadder, G.R. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); McNutt, B.D. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)

    1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States Department of Energy is required by law to determine the feasibility of producing sufficient replacement fuels to replace 30 percent of the projected United States consumption of motor fuels by light duty vehicles in the year 2010. A replacement fuel is a non-petroleum portion of gasoline, including alcohols, natural gas and certain other components. A linear program has been used to study refinery impacts for production of ``low petroleum`` gasolines, which contain replacement fuels. The analysis suggests that high oxygenation is the key to meeting the replacement fuel target, and major contributors to cost increase can include investment in processes to produce olefins for etherification with alcohols. High oxygenation can increase the costs of control of vapor pressure, distillation properties, and pollutant emissions of gasolines. Year-round low petroleum gasoline with near-30 percent non-petroleum might be produced with cost increases of 23 to 37 cents per gallon, with substantial decreases in greenhouse gas emissions in some cases. Cost estimates are sensitive to assumptions about extrapolation of a national model for pollutant emissions, availability of raw materials and other issues. Reduction in crude oil use, a major objective of the low petroleum gasoline program, is 10 to 17 percent in the analysis.

  9. Alcohol homologation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wegman, Richard W. (South Charleston, WV); Moloy, Kenneth G. (Charleston, WV)

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A process for the homologation of an alkanol by reaction with synthesis gas in contact with a system containing rhodium atom, ruthenium atom, iodine atom and a bis(diorganophosphino) alkane to selectivity produce the next higher homologue.

  10. Alcohol homologation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wegman, R.W.; Moloy, K.G.

    1988-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A process is described for the homologation of an alkanol by reaction with synthesis gas in contact with a system containing rhodium atom, ruthenium atom, iodine atom and a bis(diorganophosphino) alkane to selectivity produce the next higher homologue.

  11. C:\\Documents and Settings\\cfan\\Local Settings\\Temporary Internet Files\\Content.Outlook\\WAA5WMY7\\AODflyerSpring 2013.doc1/16/2013 CONCERNED ABOUT YOUR ALCOHOL OR DRUG USE?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    \\AODflyerSpring 2013.doc1/16/2013 CONCERNED ABOUT YOUR ALCOHOL OR DRUG USE? Choose a Healthier Lifestyle effects from their alcohol or other drug use. Harm Reduction: Tuesdays, 4:10 ­ 6:00 pm. This group is for students who would like to make healthier decisions around their alcohol/drug use to minimize the negative

  12. High octane ethers from synthesis gas-derived alcohols. Quarterly technical progress report, April--June 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klier, K.; Herman, R.G.; Feeley, O.C.; Johansson, M.A.

    1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of the proposed research is to synthesize high octane ethers, primarily methyl isobutyl ether (MIBE) and methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), directly from H{sub 2}/CO/CO{sub 2} coal-derived synthesis gas via alcohol mixtures that are rich in methanol and 2-methyl-l-propanol (isobutanol). The overall scheme involves gasification of coal, purification and shifting of the synthesis gas, higher alcohol synthesis, and direct synthesis of ethers. The last stage of the synthesis involves direct coupling of synthesis gas-derived methanol and isobutanol that has been demonstrated by us to occur over superacid catalysts to yield methyl isobutyl ether (MIBE) at moderate pressures and a mixture of methanol and isobutene at low pressures. MIBE is an isomer of MTBE and a process is proposed whereby MTBE from the two alcohols is maximized and MIBE is minimized. This will be achieved by the proper choice of reaction conditions, i.e. intermediate pressures, and of inorganic acid catalysts that are stable at temperatures higher than 200{degree}C, at which the carbonium ion reaction coupling of the two alcohols to MTBE is more effective than the oxonium ion or ester reaction coupling to MIBE. Both organic and inorganic catalysts will be investigated, and the better catalysts of these classes will be subjected to long term performance studies. The long term performance studies of the combined process will extend to 1000 hr and detailed analytical data for all products will be provided.

  13. Hydrogen Bond Breaking and Reformation in Alcohol Oligomers Following Vibrational Relaxation of a Non-Hydrogen-Bond Donating Hydroxyl Stretch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fayer, Michael D.

    Hydrogen Bond Breaking and Reformation in Alcohol Oligomers Following Vibrational Relaxation of a Non-Hydrogen-Bond Donating Hydroxyl Stretch K. J. Gaffney, I. R. Piletic, and M. D. Fayer* Department measured with ultrafast infrared pump-probe experiments. Non-hydrogen-bond donating OD stretches (2690 cm-1

  14. "Smoking Cessation Interventions and Program Availability for Drug and Alcohol Addicted Low Income Populations in Substance Abuse Treatment"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    "Smoking Cessation Interventions and Program Availability for Drug and Alcohol Addicted Low Income. The first aim examines longitudinally the availability of EBTs for smoking among those seeking treatment for co-occurring substance abuse and explores the predictors of changes in service availability over time

  15. CER4 Encodes an Alcohol-Forming Fatty Acyl-Coenzyme A Reductase Involved in Cuticular Wax Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunst, Ljerka

    CER4 Encodes an Alcohol-Forming Fatty Acyl-Coenzyme A Reductase Involved in Cuticular Wax surfaces of land plants. It is composed of a cutin polymer matrix and waxes. Cuticular waxes are complex and characterization of CER4, a wax bio- synthetic gene from Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). Arabidopsis cer4

  16. Amino Alcohols as Ligands for Nickel-Catalyzed Suzuki Reactions of Unactivated Alkyl Halides, Including Secondary Alkyl Chlorides, with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fu, Gregory C.

    Amino Alcohols as Ligands for Nickel-Catalyzed Suzuki Reactions of Unactivated Alkyl Halides February 27, 2006; E-mail: gcf@mit.edu Early work in the area of palladium- and nickel-catalyzed cross of unactivated secondary alkyl halides is based on nickel/bathophenanthroline.4 This method can be applied

  17. Techno-Economics for Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Ethanol by Indirect Gasification and Mixed Alcohol Synthesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abhijit Dutta; Michael Talmadge; Jesse Hensley; Matt Worley; Doug Dudgeon; David Barton; Peter Groenendijk; Daniela Ferrari; Brien Stears; Erin Searcy; Christopher Wright; J. Richard Hess

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This techno-economic study investigates the production of ethanol and a higher alcohols coproduct by conversion of lignocelluosic biomass to syngas via indirect gasification followed by gas-to-liquids synthesis over a precommercial heterogeneous catalyst. The design specifies a processing capacity of 2,205 dry U.S. tons (2,000 dry metric tonnes) of woody biomass per day and incorporates 2012 research targets from NREL and other sources for technologies that will facilitate the future commercial production of cost-competitive ethanol. Major processes include indirect steam gasification, syngas cleanup, and catalytic synthesis of mixed alcohols, and ancillary processes include feed handling and drying, alcohol separation, steam and power generation, cooling water, and other operations support utilities. The design and analysis is based on research at NREL, other national laboratories, and The Dow Chemical Company, and it incorporates commercial technologies, process modeling using Aspen Plus software, equipment cost estimation, and discounted cash flow analysis. The design considers the economics of ethanol production assuming successful achievement of internal research targets and nth-plant costs and financing. The design yields 83.8 gallons of ethanol and 10.1 gallons of higher-molecular-weight alcohols per U.S. ton of biomass feedstock. A rigorous sensitivity analysis captures uncertainties in costs and plant performance.

  18. Diagram of the Biofuel Production Process (SPORL -Alcohol Production):Introduction: The Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance (NARA) is an organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Diagram of the Biofuel Production Process (SPORL - Alcohol Production):Introduction: The Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance (NARA) is an organization that aims to create a sustainable aviation biofuels to determine the atmospheric emissions and emission sources that may be released from proposed NARA biofuels

  19. Comparing the effects of various fuel alcohols on the natural attenuation of Benzene Plumes using a general substrate interaction model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Pedro J.

    and Environmental Engineering, Rice University, MS-317, 6100 Main St., Houston, TX 77005, USA a r t i c l e i n f o a b s t r a c t Article history: Received 30 October 2009 Received in revised form 26 January 2010 generalizations about the level of impact of specific fuel alcohols on benzene plume dynamics. © 2010 Elsevier B

  20. Did you know? Many health problems are either the result of or made worse by abuse of alcohol and/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Toole, Alice J.

    abuse and dependency are medical conditions that can respond to medical treatment. There are physicians, called addictionologists, who specialize in the treatment of problematic use of alcohol and/or drugs to turn for help. Addictive substances produce changes in brain reward pathways, and these changes cause

  1. COMMUNITY RESOURCES ALCOHOL & OTHER DRUGS Akeela, Inc. 2804 Bering St., Anchorage 99503; 562-4556; www.akeela.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pantaleone, Jim

    -4556; www.akeela.org Provides immediate care, aftercare, residential long-term treatment, and a large-5130. Provides immediate care, residential short-term treatment, day treatment. Booth Memorial Youth and Family and support groups for people with drug addictions. Elmendorf AFB Alcohol Drug Abuse Prevention Treatment

  2. Reconceptualising public acceptability: A study of the ways people respond to policies aimed to reduce alcohol consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohn, Simon

    2015-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    petrol with a bit of lemon juice in it’. Similarly, another describes how young people unable to purchase alcohol simply take up an alternative: There’s another side effect, is that some of the youth market will be tempted towards drugs which...

  3. The economical production of alcohol fuels from coal-derived synthesis gas: Case studies, design, and economics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project is a combination of process simulation and catalyst development aimed at identifying the most economical method for converting coal to syngas to linear higher alcohols to be used as oxygenated fuel additives. There are two tasks. The goal of Task 1 is to discover, study, and evaluate novel heterogeneous catalytic systems for the production of oxygenated fuel enhancers from synthesis gas, and to explore, analytically and on the bench scale, novel reactor and process concepts for use in converting syngas to liquid fuel products. The goal of Task 2 is to simulate, by computer, energy efficient and economically efficient processes for converting coal to energy (fuel alcohols and/or power). The primary focus is to convert syngas to fuel alcohols. This report contains results from Task 2. The first step for Task 2 was to develop computer simulations of alternative coal to syngas to linear higher alcohol processes, to evaluate and compare the economics and energy efficiency of these alternative processes, and to make a preliminary determination as to the most attractive process configuration. A benefit of this approach is that simulations will be debugged and available for use when Task 1 results are available. Seven cases were developed using different gasifier technologies, different methods for altering the H{sub 2}/CO ratio of the syngas to the desired 1.1/1, and with the higher alcohol fuel additives as primary products and as by-products of a power generation facility. Texaco, Shell, and Lurgi gasifier designs were used to test gasifying coal. Steam reforming of natural gas, sour gas shift conversion, or pressure swing adsorption were used to alter the H{sub 2}/CO ratio of the syngas. In addition, a case using only natural gas was prepared to compare coal and natural gas as a source of syngas.

  4. Liquid Fuel From Renewable Electricity and Bacteria: Electro-Autotrophic Synthesis of Higher Alcohols

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electrofuels Project: UCLA is utilizing renewable electricity to power direct liquid fuel production in genetically engineered Ralstonia eutropha bacteria. UCLA is using renewable electricity to convert carbon dioxide into formic acid, a liquid soluble compound that delivers both carbon and energy to the bacteria. The bacteria are genetically engineered to convert the formic acid into liquid fuel—in this case alcohols such as butanol. The electricity required for the process can be generated from sunlight, wind, or other renewable energy sources. In fact, UCLA’s electricity-to-fuel system could be a more efficient way to utilize these renewable energy sources considering the energy density of liquid fuel is much higher than the energy density of other renewable energy storage options, such as batteries.

  5. Aerobic mineralization of MTBE and tert-butyl alcohol by stream-bed sediment microorganisms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bradley, P.M.; Landmeyer, J.E.; Chapelle, F.H. [Geological Survey, Columbia, SC (United States)] [Geological Survey, Columbia, SC (United States)

    1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Microorganisms indigenous to the stream-bed sediments at two gasoline-contaminated groundwater sites demonstrated significant mineralization of the fuel oxygenates, methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) and tert-butyl alcohol (TBA). Up to 73% of [U-{sup 14}C]-MTBE and 84% of [U-{sup 14}C]-TBA were degraded to {sup 14}CO{sub 2} under mixed aerobic/anaerobic conditions. No significant mineralization was observed under strictly anaerobic conditions. The results indicate that, under the mixed aerobic/anaerobic conditions characteristic of stream-bed sediments, microbial processes may provide a significant environmental sink for MTBE and TBA delivered to surface water bodies by contaminated groundwater or by other sources.

  6. Optimization of Rhodium-Based Catalysts for Mixed Alcohol Synthesis – 2012 Progress Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerber, Mark A.; Gray, Michel J.; Albrecht, Karl O.; Thompson, Becky L.

    2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has been conducting research to investigate the feasibility of producing mixed alcohols from biomass-derived synthesis gas (syngas). In recent years, this research has primarily involved the further development of catalysts containing rhodium and manganese based on the results of earlier catalyst screening tests. Testing continued in FY 2012 to further improve the Ir-promoted RhMn catalysts on both silica and carbon supports for producing mixed oxygenates from synthesis gas. This testing re-examined selected alternative silica and carbon supports to follow up on some uncertainties in the results with previous test results. Additional tests were conducted to further optimize the total and relative concentrations of Rh, Mn, and Ir, and to examine selected promoters and promoter combinations based on earlier results. To establish optimum operating conditions, the effects of the process pressure and the feed gas composition also were evaluated.

  7. Earlier effective monitoring of alcohol-fuels projects may have minimized problems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Although the Department of Energy's system for monitoring projects for the development and production of alcohol fuels now seems effective, it was not established until 7 months after some of the projects started and after major portions of them were conducted. This contributed to problems which may result in some projects not being completed after substantial portions of project funds were spent. GAO also found that 24 grantees scheduled to be paid on a reimbursable basis were erroneously advanced about $3 million. Of those grantees, only five returned a total of $378,110; and by the time the errors were detected, grantees had spent the balance of the funds advanced. Earlier effective monitoring may have detected the errors sooner, enabled more advances to be returned, and prevented a weakening of the Department's oversight and control over the projects. GAO makes recommendations which could help future projects from starting without effective monitoring.

  8. Endovascular Embolization of Visceral Artery Aneurysms with Ethylene-vinyl Alcohol (Onyx): A Case Series

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bratby, M.J.; Lehmann, E.D. [St. George's Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom); Bottomley, J.; Kessel, D.O.; Nicholson, A.A.; McPherson, S.J. [Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom); Morgan, R.A.; Belli, A.-M. [St. George's Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom)], E-mail: Anna.Belli@stgeorges.nhs.uk

    2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the application of the liquid embolic agent ethylene-vinyl alcohol (Onyx; MicroTherapeutics, Irvine, CA, USA) in the management of visceral artery aneurysms. The technique and indications for using Onyx are discussed with emphasis on the management of wide-necked aneurysms and maintenance of patency of the parent vessel. None of the cases was considered suitable for stent-grafting or embolization with conventional agents. Two aneurysms of the renal artery bifurcation and one aneurysm of the inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery were treated. Following treatment there was complete exclusion of all aneurysms. There was no evidence of end-organ infarction. Follow-up with intervals up to 6 months has shown sustained aneurysm exclusion. Onyx is known to be effective in the management of intracranial aneurysms. Our experience demonstrates the efficacy and applicability of the use of Onyx in the treatment of complex visceral artery aneurysms.

  9. Feasibility study of fuel grade ethanol plant for Alcohol Fuels of Mississippi, Inc. , Vicksburg, Mississippi

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The results are presented of a feasibility study performed to determine the technical and economic viability of constructing an alcohol plant utilizing the N.Y.U. continuous acid hydrolysis process to convert wood wastes to fuel grade alcohol. The following is a summary of the results: (1) The proposed site in the Vicksburg Industrial Foundation Corporation Industrial Park is adequate from all standpoints, for all plant capacities envisioned. (2) Local hardwood sawmills can provide adequate feedstock for the facility. The price per dry ton varies between $5 and $15. (3) Sale of fuel ethanol would be made primarily through local distributors and an adequate market exists for the plant output. (4) With minor modifications to the preparation facilities, other waste cellulose materials can also be utilized. (5) There are no anticipated major environmental, health, safety or socioeconomic risks related to the construction and operation of the proposed facility. (6) The discounted cash flow and rate of return analysis indicated that the smallest capacity unit which should be built is the 16 million gallon per year plant, utilizing cogeneration. This facility has a 3.24 year payback. (7) The 25 million gallon per year plant utilizing cogeneration is an extremely attractive venture, with a zero interest break-even point of 1.87 years, and with a discounted rate of return of 73.6%. (8) While the smaller plant capacities are unattractive from a budgetary viewpoint, a prudent policy would dictate that a one million gallon per year plant be built first, as a demonstration facility. This volume contains process flowsheets and maps of the proposed site.

  10. Metabolism of C26 bile alcohols in the bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Noma, Y.; Kihira, K.; Kuramoto, T.; Hoshita, T.

    1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Metabolism of C26 bile alcohols in the bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana, was studied. (24-14C)-24-Dehydro-26-deoxy-5 beta-ranol (3 alpha,7 alpha,12 alpha-trihydroxy-27-nor-5 beta-cholestan-24-one) was chemically synthesized from (24-14C)cholic acid and incubated with bullfrog liver homogenate fortified with NADPH. 24-Dehydro-26-deoxy-5 beta-ranol was shown to be converted into both 26-deoxy-5 beta-ranol and 24-epi-26-deoxy-5 beta-ranol ((24S)- and (24R)-27-nor-5 beta-cholestane-3 alpha,7 alpha,12 alpha,24-tetrols) in addition to 5 beta-ranol ((24R)-27-nor-5 beta-cholestane-3 alpha,7 alpha,12 alpha,24,26-pentol), which is the major bile alcohol of the bullfrog. (24-3H)-26-Deoxy-5 beta-ranol and (24-3H)-24-epi-26-deoxy-5 beta-ranol were prepared from 24-dehydro-26-deoxy-5 beta-ranol by reduction with sodium (3H) borohydride and administered respectively to two each of four bullfrogs by intraperitoneal injection. After 24 h, labeled 5 beta-ranol was isolated from the bile of the bullfrogs that received (24-3H)-26-deoxy-5 beta-ranol. In contrast little if any radioactivity could be detected in 5 beta-ranol or its 24-epimer after administration of (24-3H)-24-epi-26-deoxy-5 beta-ranol.

  11. Investigation and demonstration of a rich combustor cold-start device for alcohol-fueled engines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hodgson, J.W.; Irick, D.K. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)] [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)

    1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors have completed a study in which they investigated the use of a rich combustor to aid in cold starting spark-ignition engines fueled with either neat ethanol or neat methanol. The rich combustor burns the alcohol fuel outside the engine under fuel-rich conditions to produce a combustible product stream that is fed to the engine for cold starting. The rich combustor approach significantly extends the cold starting capability of alcohol-fueled engines. A design tool was developed that simulates the operation of the combustor and couples it to an engine/vehicle model. This tool allows the user to determine the fuel requirements of the rich combustor as the vehicle executes a given driving mission. The design tool was used to design and fabricate a rich combustor for use on a 2.8 L automotive engine. The system was tested using a unique cold room that allows the engine to be coupled to an electric dynamometer. The engine was fitted with an aftermarket engine control system that permitted the fuel flow to the rich combustor to be programmed as a function of engine speed and intake manifold pressure. Testing indicated that reliable cold starts were achieved on both neat methanol and neat ethanol at temperatures as low as {minus}20 C. Although starts were experienced at temperatures as low as {minus}30 C, these were erratic. They believe that an important factor at the very low temperatures is the balance between the high mechanical friction of the engine and the low energy density of the combustible mixture fed to the engine from the rich combustor.

  12. Direct Conversion of Syngas-to-Hydrocarbons over Higher Alcohols Synthesis Catalysts Mixed with HZSM-5

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lebarbier Dagel, Vanessa M.; Dagle, Robert A.; Li, Jinjing; Deshmane, Chinmay A.; Taylor, Charles E.; Bao, Xinhe; Wang, Yong

    2014-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The synthesis of hydrocarbon fuels directly from synthesis gas (i.e. one step process) was investigated with a catalytic system comprised of HZSM-5 physically mixed with either a methanol synthesis catalyst or a higher alcohols synthesis (HAS) catalyst. The metal sites of the methanol or HAS synthesis catalyst enable the conversion of syngas to alcohols, whereas HZSM-5 provides acid sites required for methanol dehydration, and dimethyl ether-to-hydrocarbons reactions. Catalytic performance for HZSM-5 when mixed with either a 5 wt.% Pd/ZnO/Al2O3 methanol synthesis catalyst or a HAS catalyst was evaluated at 300°C, 70 bars, GHSV=700 h-1 and H2/CO=1 using a HZSM-5: alcohols synthesis catalyst weight ratio of 3:1. The major difference observed between the methanol synthesis and HAS catalyst mixtures was found in the production of durene which is an undesirable byproduct. While durene formation is negligible with any of the HAS catalysts mixed with the HZSM-5 evaluated in this study, it represents almost 50% of the C5+ fraction for the methanol synthesis catalyst (5 wt.% Pd/ZnO/Al2O3 ) mixed with HZSM-5. This presents an advantage for using HAS catalysts over the methanol synthesis catalyst to minimize the durene by-product. The yield toward the desired C5+ hydrocarbons is thus twice higher with selected HAS catalysts as compared to when HZSM-5 is mixed with 5 wt.% Pd/ZnO/Al2O3. Among all the HAS catalysts evaluated in this study, a catalyst with 0.5 wt.% Pd/FeCoCu catalyst was found the most promising due to higher production of C5+ hydrocarbons and low durene formation. The efficiency of the one-step process was thus further evaluated using the HZSM-5: 0.5 wt.% Pd/FeCoCu catalyst mixture under a number of process conditions to maximize liquid hydrocarbons product yield. At 300oC, 70 bars, GHSV = 700 h-1 and HZSM-5: 0.5 wt.% Pd/FeCoCu = 3:1 (wt.), the C5+ fraction represents 48.5% of the hydrocarbons. Unfortunately, it is more difficult to achieve higher selectivity to desired C5+ hydrocarbons as the formation of CO2, CH4, and other light hydrocarbons is challenging to suppress in the presence of mixed metal and acid sites. When the 0.5 wt.% Pd/FeCoCu and HZSM-5 are operated sequentially by way of a two-step process the C5+ hydrocarbons fraction is lower and represents 30.4% of the hydrocarbons under comparable conditions. The yield toward the C5+ hydrocarbons is twice higher for the one-step process due to an improved CO conversion and higher C5+ hydrocarbons fraction. The main advantage of the one-step process is that higher syngas conversion can be achieved as the equilibrium-driven conversion limitations for methanol and dimethyl ether are removed since they are intermediates to the final hydrocarbons product.

  13. Alcohol decreases baseline brain glucose metabolism more in heavy drinkers than controls but has no effect on stimulation-induced metabolic increases

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Volkow, Nora D. [National Inst. on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Bethesda, MD (United States); Fowler, Joanna S. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Wang, Gene-Jack [National Inst. on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Bethesda, MD (United States); Kojori, Eshan Shokri [National Inst. on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Bethesda, MD (United States); Benveniste, Helene [Stony Brook Medicine, Stony Brook, NY (United States); Tomasi, Dardo [National Inst. on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Bethesda, MD (United States)

    2015-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    During alcohol intoxication the human brain increases metabolism of acetate and decreases metabolism of glucose as energy substrate. Here we hypothesized that chronic heavy drinking facilitates this energy substrate shift both for baseline and stimulation conditions. To test this hypothesis we compared the effects of alcohol intoxication (0.75g/kg alcohol versus placebo) on brain glucose metabolism during video-stimulation (VS) versus when given with no-stimulation (NS), in 25 heavy drinkers (HD) and 23 healthy controls each of whom underwent four PET-¹?FDG scans. We showed that resting whole-brain glucose metabolism (placebo-NS) was lower in HD than controls (13%, p=0.04); that alcohol (compared to placebo) decreased metabolism more in HD (20±13%) than controls (9±11%, p=0.005) and in proportion to daily alcohol consumption (r=0.36, p=0.01) but found that alcohol did not reduce the metabolic increases in visual cortex from VS in either group. Instead, VS reduced alcohol-induced decreases in whole-brain glucose metabolism (10±12%) compared to NS in both groups (15±13%, p=0.04), consistent with stimulation-related glucose metabolism enhancement. These findings corroborate our hypothesis that heavy alcohol consumption facilitates use of alternative energy substrates (i.e. acetate) for resting activity during intoxication, which might persist through early sobriety, but indicate that glucose is still favored as energy substrate during brain stimulation. Our findings are consistent with reduced reliance on glucose as the main energy substrate for resting brain metabolism during intoxication (presumably shifting to acetate or other ketones) and a priming of this shift in heavy drinkers, which might make them vulnerable to energy deficits during withdrawal.

  14. Anhydrous aluminum chloride as an alkylation catalyst: identification of mono- and dialkyl-benzenes from the condensation of tertiary butyl alcohol with benzene.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scoggins, Lacey E

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LIBRARY a a w c"I. I. SI - O~ TI:YAf ANHYDROUS ALUMINUM CHLORIDE AS AN ALKYLATION CATALYST: IDENTIFICATION OF MONO- AND DIALKYIZENZENES FROM THE CONDENSATION QF TERTIARY BUTYL ALCOHOL WITH BENKENE IACEY EUGENE SCOGGINS 4 A Thesis Submitted...: IDENTIFICATION OF MONO- AND DI~NZZNES FROM THE CONDENSATION OF TERTIARY BUTYL ALCOHOL WITH BENZENE A Thesis By LACEY EUGENE SCOGGINS Approved as to style and content hy: Chairman of Committee Head of Chemistry Department 1959 ACKNOWLEDGME1VTS The author...

  15. Alcohol decreases baseline brain glucose metabolism more in heavy drinkers than controls but has no effect on stimulation-induced metabolic increases

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Volkow, Nora D.; Fowler, Joanna S.; Wang, Gene-Jack; Kojori, Eshan Shokri; Benveniste, Helene; Tomasi, Dardo

    2015-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    During alcohol intoxication the human brain increases metabolism of acetate and decreases metabolism of glucose as energy substrate. Here we hypothesized that chronic heavy drinking facilitates this energy substrate shift both for baseline and stimulation conditions. To test this hypothesis we compared the effects of alcohol intoxication (0.75g/kg alcohol versus placebo) on brain glucose metabolism during video-stimulation (VS) versus when given with no-stimulation (NS), in 25 heavy drinkers (HD) and 23 healthy controls each of whom underwent four PET-¹?FDG scans. We showed that resting whole-brain glucose metabolism (placebo-NS) was lower in HD than controls (13%, p=0.04); that alcohol (compared tomore »placebo) decreased metabolism more in HD (20±13%) than controls (9±11%, p=0.005) and in proportion to daily alcohol consumption (r=0.36, p=0.01) but found that alcohol did not reduce the metabolic increases in visual cortex from VS in either group. Instead, VS reduced alcohol-induced decreases in whole-brain glucose metabolism (10±12%) compared to NS in both groups (15±13%, p=0.04), consistent with stimulation-related glucose metabolism enhancement. These findings corroborate our hypothesis that heavy alcohol consumption facilitates use of alternative energy substrates (i.e. acetate) for resting activity during intoxication, which might persist through early sobriety, but indicate that glucose is still favored as energy substrate during brain stimulation. Our findings are consistent with reduced reliance on glucose as the main energy substrate for resting brain metabolism during intoxication (presumably shifting to acetate or other ketones) and a priming of this shift in heavy drinkers, which might make them vulnerable to energy deficits during withdrawal.« less

  16. Solvation studies on anion radicals of alkyl nitrobenzene derivatives in acetonitrile-alkyl alcohol solvent mixtures at 25 p0 sC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, William Wen-Chen

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SOLVATION STUDIES OM ANION RADICALS QF ALKYL NITROBENZENE DERIVATIVES IN ACETONITRILE- ALKYL ALCOHOL SOLVENT MIXTURES AT PS C A Thesis by WILLIAM WEN CHEN CHU Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1970 Ma)or Sub)oct: Chemistry SOLVATION STUDIES ON ANION RADICALS OF ALKYL NITROBENZENE DERIVATIVES IN ACETONITRILE- ALKYL ALCOHOL SOLVENT MIXTURES AT 25'C A Thesis NILLIAM HEN-CHEN CHU Approved...

  17. Effects of partial charge-transfer solute -- solvent interactions in absorption spectra of aromatic hydrocarbons in aqueous and alcoholic solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. A. Ar'ev; N. I. Lebovka; E. A. Solovieva

    2013-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for study of charge-transfer interactions between solute molecules and solvent based on the comparison of the ratios of spectral shifts of different electronic transitions in solute molecules in chemically inert solvent is proposed. The method is applicable to molecules that do not change their dipole moment on excitation. As an example, a presence of charge transfer interactions in higher electronic states of aromatic hydrocarbons (benzene, phenanthrene, and naphthalene) dissolved in water and alcohols was demonstrated.

  18. Nitric oxide control of steroidogenesis: Endocrine effects of N sup G -nitro-L-arginine and comparisons to alcohol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adams, M.L.; Nock, B.; Truong, R.; Cicero, T.J. (Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO (United States))

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent studies suggest that nitric oxide (NO) may regulate hormone biosynthesis and secretion. This was tested by treating male rats with N{sup G}-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (NAME), a NO synthase inhibitor, and measuring serum and testicular interstitial fluid testosterone and serum corticosterone, luteinizing hormone (LH), and prolactin (PRL). The effect of N{sup G}-nitro-L-arginine (NA), a less-soluble form of the same NO synthase inhibitor, on the reproductive suppressant actions of alcohol was also examined. NAME increased testosterone and corticosterone secretion dose-dependently without affecting LH and PRL secretion. The alcohol-induced suppression of testosterone or LH secretion was not altered by treatment with NA. Although effects of NAME and NA on other systems may be involved, these results indicate that testicular and adrenal steroidogenesis are negatively regulated by endogenous NO and that NO does not regulate LH and PRL secretion or inhibit the testicular steroidogenic pathway in the same way as alcohol.

  19. Long-Term Testing of Rhodium-Based Catalysts for Mixed Alcohol Synthesis – 2013 Progress Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerber, Mark A.; Gray, Michel J.; Thompson, Becky L.

    2013-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has been conducting research since 2005 to develop a catalyst for the conversion of synthesis gas (carbon monoxide and hydrogen) into mixed alcohols for use in liquid transportation fuels. Initially, research involved screening possible catalysts based on a review of the literature, because at that time, there were no commercial catalysts available. The screening effort resulted in a decision to focus on catalysts containing rhodium and manganese. Subsequent research identified iridium as a key promoter for this catalyst system. Since then, research has continued to improve rhodium/manganese/iridium-based catalysts, optimizing the relative and total concentrations of the three metals, examining baseline catalysts on alternative supports, and examining effects of additional promoters. Testing was continued in FY 2013 to evaluate the performance and long-term stability of the best catalysts tested to date. Three tests were conducted. A long-term test of over 2300 hr duration at a single set of operating conditions was conducted with the best carbon-supported catalyst. A second test of about 650 hr duration at a single set of operating conditions was performed for comparison using the same catalyst formulation on an alternative carbon support. A third test of about 680 hr duration at a single set of operating conditions was performed using the best silica-supported catalyst tested to date.

  20. Room temperature alcohol sensing by oxygen vacancy controlled TiO{sub 2} nanotube array

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hazra, A.; Dutta, K.; Bhowmik, B.; Bhattacharyya, P., E-mail: pb-etc-besu@yahoo.com [Nano-Thin Films and Solid State Gas Sensor Devices Laboratory, Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology (IIEST), Shibpur, Howrah (India); Chattopadhyay, P. P. [Department of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology (IIEST), Shibpur, Howrah (India)

    2014-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Oxygen vacancy (OV) controlled TiO{sub 2} nanotubes, having diameters of 50–70?nm and lengths of 200–250?nm, were synthesized by electrochemical anodization in the mixed electrolyte comprising NH{sub 4}F and ethylene glycol with selective H{sub 2}O content. The structural evolution of TiO{sub 2} nanoforms has been studied by field emission scanning electron microscopy. Variation in the formation of OVs with the variation of the structure of TiO{sub 2} nanoforms has been evaluated by photoluminescence and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The sensor characteristics were correlated to the variation of the amount of induced OVs in the nanotubes. The efficient room temperature sensing achieved by the control of OVs of TiO{sub 2} nanotube array has paved the way for developing fast responding alcohol sensor with corresponding response magnitude of 60.2%, 45.3%, and 36.5% towards methanol, ethanol, and 2-propanol, respectively.

  1. Batch Microreactor Studies of Lignin Depolymerization by Bases. 1. Alcohol Solvents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MILLER, JAMES E.; EVANS, LINDSEY; LITTLEWOLF, ALICIA; TRUDELL, DANIEL E.

    2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Biomass feedstocks contain roughly 10-30% lignin, a substance that can not be converted to fermentable sugars. Hence, most schemes for producing biofuels (ethanol) assume that the lignin coproduct will be utilized as boiler fuel to provide heat and power to the process. However, the chemical structure of lignin suggests that it will make an excellent high value fuel additive, if it can be broken down into smaller molecular units. From fiscal year 1997 through fiscal year 2001, Sandia National Laboratories was a participant in a cooperative effort with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and the University of Utah to develop and scale a base catalyzed depolymerization (BCD) process for lignin conversion. SNL's primary role in the effort was to utilize rapidly heated batch microreactors to perform kinetic studies, examine the reaction chemistry, and to develop alternate catalyst systems for the BCD process. This report summarizes the work performed at Sandia during FY97 and FY98 with alcohol based systems. More recent work with aqueous based systems will be summarized in a second report.

  2. Synthesis, characterization, and catalytic activity of Rh-based lanthanum zirconate pyrochlores for higher alcohol synthesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abdelsayed, Victor; Shekhawat, Dushyant; Poston, James A., Jr.; Spivey, James J.

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two lanthanum zirconate pyrochlores (La{sub 2}Zr{sub 2}O{sub 7}; LZ) were prepared by Pechini method and tested for higher alcohols selectivity. In one, Rh was substituted into the pyrochlore lattice (LRZ, 1.7 wt%) while for the second, Rh was supported on an unsubstituted La{sub 2}Zr{sub 2}O{sub 7} (R/LZ, 1.8 wt%). X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and temperature programmed reduction (TPR) results show that the surface reducibility depends on whether the Rh is in (or supported on) the LZ pyrochlore. Rhodium in the LRZ is more reducible than rhodium supported on the R/LZ pyrochlore, likely due to the presence of a perovskite phase (LaRhO{sub 3}; identified by XRD), in which rhodium is more reducible. The formation of the perovskite accompanies that of the pyrochlore. CO hydrogenation results show higher ethanol selectivity for R/LZ than LRZ, possibly due to the strong interaction between Rh and LZ on the R/LZ, forming atomically close Rh{sup +}/Rh{sup 0} sites, which have been suggested to favor ethanol production.

  3. FPC: THE NMFS EXPERIMENT & DEMONSTRATION PLANT PROCESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to remove water and lipids. Extraction is per- formed in a 4 -stage countercurrent series of mixing tanks. This Isemi -works plant I (less than commercial size) was built todemonstrate an isopropyl-alcohol extraction contract by Ocean Harvesters, Inc., a joint enterprise of SWECO, Inc., Los Angeles, Calif., and Star- Kist

  4. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE LETTERS 21, 2002, 951 953 Plasma-polymerized thiophene films for corrosion protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boo, Jin-Hyo

    on corrosion behavior, impedance (Z) measurements for the steel electrodes coated and uncoated with the filmsCl solution were examined by electrochemical measurements and wettability tests. Plasma polymerization acetone, isopropyl alcohol and distilled water, the substrates were in-situ pre-treated with Ar plasma

  5. The economical production of alcohol fuels from coal-derived synthesis gas. Quarterly technical progress report Number 8, 1 July, 1993--30 September, 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Task 1, the preparation of catalyst materials, is proceeding actively. At WVU, catalysts based on Mo are being prepared using a variety of approaches to alter the oxidation state and environment of the Mo. At UCC and P, copper-based zinc chromite spinel catalysts will be prepared and tested. The modeling of the alcohol-synthesis reaction in a membrane reactor is proceeding actively. Under standard conditions, pressure drop in the membrane reactor has been shown to be negligible. In Task 2, base case designs had previously been completed with a Texaco gasifier. Now, similar designs have been completed using the Shell gasifier. A comparison of the payback periods or production cost of these plants shows significant differences among the base cases. However, a natural gas only design, prepared for comparison purposes, gives a lower payback period or production cost. Since the alcohol synthesis portion of the above processes is the same, the best way to make coal-derived higher alcohols more attractive economically than natural gas-derived higher alcohols is by making coal-derived syngas less expensive than natural gas-derived syngas. The maximum economically feasible capacity for a higher alcohol plant from coal-derived syngas appears to be 32 MM bbl/yr. This is based on consideration of regional coal supply in the eastern US, coal transportation, and regional product demand. The benefits of economics of scale are illustrated for the base case designs. A value for higher alcohol blends has been determined by appropriate combination of RVP, octane number, and oxygen content, using MTBE as a reference. This analysis suggests that the high RVP of methanol in combination with its higher water solubility make higher alcohols more valuable than methanol.

  6. Novel Characterization of GDI Engine Exhaust for Gasoline and Mid-Level Gasoline-Alcohol Blends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Storey, John Morse [ORNL] [ORNL; Lewis Sr, Samuel Arthur [ORNL] [ORNL; Szybist, James P [ORNL] [ORNL; Thomas, John F [ORNL] [ORNL; Barone, Teresa L [ORNL] [ORNL; Eibl, Mary A [ORNL] [ORNL; Nafziger, Eric J [ORNL] [ORNL; Kaul, Brian C [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Gasoline direct injection (GDI) engines can offer improved fuel economy and higher performance over their port fuel-injected (PFI) counterparts, and are now appearing in increasingly more U.S. and European vehicles. Small displacement, turbocharged GDI engines are replacing large displacement engines, particularly in light-duty trucks and sport utility vehicles, in order for manufacturers to meet more stringent fuel economy standards. GDI engines typically emit the most particulate matter (PM) during periods of rich operation such as start-up and acceleration, and emissions of air toxics are also more likely during this condition. A 2.0 L GDI engine was operated at lambda of 0.91 at typical loads for acceleration (2600 rpm, 8 bar BMEP) on three different fuels; an 87 anti-knock index (AKI) gasoline (E0), 30% ethanol blended with the 87 AKI fuel (E30), and 48% isobutanol blended with the 87 AKI fuel. E30 was chosen to maximize octane enhancement while minimizing ethanol-blend level and iBu48 was chosen to match the same fuel oxygen level as E30. Particle size and number, organic carbon and elemental carbon (OC/EC), soot HC speciation, and aldehydes and ketones were all analyzed during the experiment. A new method for soot HC speciation is introduced using a direct, thermal desorption/pyrolysis inlet for the gas chromatograph (GC). Results showed high levels of aromatic compounds were present in the PM, including downstream of the catalyst, and the aldehydes were dominated by the alcohol blending.

  7. Molecular Interactions in Poly(methacrylic acid)/Poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide) Interpenetrating Polymer Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peppas, Nicholas A.

    /PNIPAAm) interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs) were investigated using attenuated total reflectance (ATR)- Fourier­14 Interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs) composed of pH-sensitive poly(methacrylic acid) (PMAA) and temperature Polymer Networks JING ZHANG, NICHOLAS A. PEPPAS Polymer Science and Engineering Laboratories, School

  8. Multiple Pathways for Benzyl Alcohol Oxidation by RuV=O3+ and RuIV=O2+

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paul, Amit; Hull, Jonathan F; Norris, Michael R; Chen, Zuofeng; Ess, Daniel H; Concepcion, Javier J; Meyer, Thomas J

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant rate enhancements are found for benzyl alcohol oxidation by the Ru{sup V}?O{sup 3+} form of the water oxidation catalyst [Ru(Mebimpy)(bpy)(OH{sub 2})]{sup 2+} [Mebimpy = 2,6-bis(1-methylbenzimidazol-2-yl)pyridine; bpy = 2,2?-bipyridine] compared to Ru{sup IV}?O{sup 2+} and for the Ru{sup IV}?O{sup 2+} form with added bases due to a new pathway, concerted hydride proton transfer (HPT).

  9. Multiple Pathways for Benzyl Alcohol Oxidation by Ru(V)?O3+ and Ru(IV)?O2+

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paul, Amit; Hull, Jonathan F; Norris, Michael R; Chen, Zuofeng; Ess, Daniel H.; Concepcion, Javier J; Meyer, Thomas J.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant rate enhancements are found for benzyl alcohol oxidation by the Ru{sup V}?O{sup 3+} form of the water oxidation catalyst [Ru(Mebimpy)(bpy)(OH{sub 2})]{sup 2+} [Mebimpy = 2,6-bis(1-methylbenzimidazol-2-yl)pyridine; bpy = 2,2?-bipyridine] compared to Ru{sup IV}?O{sup 2+} and for the Ru{sup IV}?O{sup 2+} form with added bases due to a new pathway involving concerted hydride proton transfer (HPT).

  10. Estimating changes in the mechanical properties of the femur in the adult and aged rat due to adult-onset alcohol consumption 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Lyndon Phuoc

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in animals 15 and 19 months of age, which is comparable to the young adult and aged human. 2. 6 Relevant Research on the Mechanical Properties of Rat Bone Emphasis on safety in automotive, aircraft and aerospace engineering has lead to a growing interest... the second set (eight- week alcohol plus six-week cessation) only consisted of an alcohol and a pair-fed group. At eight weeks and again at fourteen weeks, the rats were sacrificed and the femurs were removed for mechanical testing. This is summarized...

  11. Analyzing the effects of alcohol on IGF-I in bone and plasma and on IGF-I mRNA in the liver and bone 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stine, Christina Nicole

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (Member) John E. Bauer (Chair of Nutrition) Bryan H. Johnson (Department Head) August 2001 Major: Nutrition ABSTRACT Analyzing the Effects of Alcohol on IGF-I in Bone and Plasma and on IGF-I mRNA in the Liver and Bone. (August 2001) Christina... different effector pathways to increase proliferation at the growth plate (Klaus et al. , 1998). Therefore Vitamin D may not have an effect on IGF-I. Alcoholics have decreased plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D which is an indicator of Vitamin D status (Peris et...

  12. A study of the condensation of primary, secondary, and tertiary butyl alcohols with benzene in the presence of anhydrous ferric chloride

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dodson, Ralph Jordan

    1939-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A PKDT Qt THE COND%SATION QE PRECUT, SSQGNDART~ AND T~ NOTCL ALCOHOLS NITH SEEZEEE IN THE ~E GF ANBIINKU8 mRIQ CHLORIDE Asm 1959 4 et Chea1stxy and 0 A STOSX Gf THE OQtGRWSATIOR Of PRXRARX, SWOORBARX ARRI TCBTXARX WTXL ALQOBOLB WITH 8%%ESSE IR... THS F58XWOR Of AWHXQREUS FERRIC CBLORISR A STUART OF TBR CNRRGATTGR OF PIIRSGKo SROOP~e ARD TRRTZART RDTTL ALCOHOLS RITE ~R ZN TKR FRRSRBCR OP ARBTDROUS PRIBKC OHLORTDR A Theete Parttal Palfileaat cf the ReRNLreewate Ter the aeggso cf Rse4e et...

  13. Investigation of the possibility of intermediate formation of allyl alcohol in the process of oxidative acetoxylation of propylene on a palladium-copper zeolite catalyst

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Minachev, K.M.; Chizhov, O.S.; Kadentsev, V.I.; Kharlamov, V.V.; Nefedov, O.M.; Rodin, A.N.

    1985-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The formation of allyl acetate in reactions of oxidative acetoxylation of propylene by labeled acetic acid and esterification of labeled acetic acid by allyl alcohol on a Pd, Cu-zeolite catalyst occur with complete conservation of the labeled oxygen of the original labeled acetic acid in the reaction product. The authors propose a reaction scheme for the oxidative acetoxylation of propylene, providing for the formation of allyl alcohol as an intermediate compound, present in a chemisorbed state in the form of a complex with a Pd atom. The gas-phase oxidative acetoxylation of propylene is an industrial method of producing allyl acetate.

  14. Thermal Decomposition of Bulk K-CoMoSx Mixed Alcohol Catalyst Precursors and Effects on Catalyst Morphology and Performance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Menart, M. J.; Hensley, J. E.; Costelow, K. E.

    2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Cobalt molybdenum sulfide-type mixed alcohol catalysts were synthesized via calcination of precipitated bulk sulfides and studied with temperature programmed decomposition analysis. Precursors containing aqueous potassium were also considered. Precipitates thermally decomposed in unique events which released ammonia, carbon dioxide, and sulfur. Higher temperature treatments led to more crystalline and less active catalysts in general with ethanol productivity falling from 203 to 97 g (kg cat){sup -1} h{sup -1} when the calcination temperature was increased from 375 to 500 C. The addition of potassium to the precursor led to materials with crystalline potassium sulfides and good catalytic performance. In general, less potassium was required to promote alcohol selectivity when added before calcination. At calcination temperatures above 350 C, segregated cobalt sulfides were observed, suggesting that thermally decomposed sulfide precursors may contain a mixture of molybdenum and cobalt sulfides instead of a dispersed CoMoS type of material. When dimethyl disulfide was fed to the precursor during calcination, crystalline cobalt sulfides were not detected, suggesting an important role of free sulfur during decomposition.

  15. THE ECONOMICAL PRODUCTION OF ALCOHOL FUELS FROM COAL-DERIVED SYNTHESIS GAS. Includes quarterly technical progress report No.25 from 10/01/1997-12/31/1997, and quarterly technical progress report No.26 from 01/01/1998-03/31/1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project was divided into two parts. One part evaluated possible catalysts for producing higher-alcohols (C{sub 2} to C{sub 5+}) as fuel additives. The other part provided guidance by looking both at the economics of mixed-alcohol production from coal-derived syngas and the effect of higher alcohol addition on gasoline octane and engine performance. The catalysts studied for higher-alcohol synthesis were molybdenum sulfides promoted with potassium. The best catalysts produced alcohols at a rate of 200 g/kg of catalyst/h. Higher-alcohol selectivity was over 40%. The hydrocarbon by-product was less than 20%. These catalysts met established success criteria. The economics for mixed alcohols produced from coal were poor compared to mixed alcohols produced from natural gas. Syngas from natural gas was always less expensive than syngas from coal. Engine tests showed that mixed alcohols added to gasoline significantly improved fuel quality. Mixed-alcohols as produced by our catalysts enhanced gasoline octane and decreased engine emissions. Mixed-alcohol addition gave better results than adding individual alcohols as had been done in the 1980's when some refiners added methanol or ethanol to gasoline.

  16. Rh-Based Mixed Alcohol Synthesis Catalysts: Characterization and Computational Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albrecht, Karl O.; Glezakou, Vassiliki Alexandra; Rousseau, Roger J.; Engelhard, Mark H.; Varga, Tamas; Colby, Robert J.; Jaffe, John E.; Li, Xiaohong S.; Mei, Donghai; Windisch, Charles F.; Kathmann, Shawn M.; Lemmon, Teresa L.; Gray, Michel J.; Hart, Todd R.; Thompson, Becky L.; Gerber, Mark A.

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy is conducting a program focused on developing a process for the conversion of biomass to bio-based fuels and co-products. Biomass-derived syngas is converted thermochemically within a temperature range of 240 to 330°C and at elevated pressure (e.g., 1200 psig) over a catalyst. Ethanol is the desired reaction product, although other side compounds are produced, including C3 to C5 alcohols; higher (i.e., greater than C1) oxygenates such as methyl acetate, ethyl acetate, acetic acid and acetaldehyde; and higher hydrocarbon gases such as methane, ethane/ethene, propane/propene, etc. Saturated hydrocarbon gases (especially methane) are undesirable because they represent a diminished yield of carbon to the desired ethanol product and represent compounds that must be steam reformed at high energy cost to reproduce CO and H2. Ethanol produced by the thermochemical reaction of syngas could be separated and blended directly with gasoline to produce a liquid transportation fuel. Additionally, higher oxygenates and unsaturated hydrocarbon side products such as olefins also could be further processed to liquid fuels. The goal of the current project is the development of a Rh-based catalyst with high activity and selectivity to C2+ oxygenates. This report chronicles an effort to characterize numerous supports and catalysts to identify particular traits that could be correlated with the most active and/or selective catalysts. Carbon and silica supports and catalysts were analyzed. Generally, analyses provided guidance in the selection of acceptable catalyst supports. For example, supports with high surface areas due to a high number of micropores were generally found to be poor at producing oxygenates, possibly because of mass transfer limitations of the products formed out of the micropores. To probe fundamental aspects of the complicated reaction network of CO with H2, a computational/ theoretical investigation using quantum mechanical and ab initio molecular dynamics calculations was initiated in 2009. Computational investigations were performed first to elucidate understanding of the nature of the catalytically active site. Thermodynamic calculations revealed that Mn likely exists as a metallic alloy with Rh in Rh-rich environments under reducing conditions at the temperatures of interest. After determining that reduced Rh-Mn alloy metal clusters were in a reduced state, the activation energy barriers of numerous transition state species on the catalytically active metal particles were calculated to compute the activation barriers of several reaction pathways that are possible on the catalyst surface. Comparison of calculations with a Rh nanoparticle versus a Rh-Mn nanoparticle revealed that the presence of Mn enabled the reaction pathway of CH with CO to form an adsorbed CHCO species, which was a precursor to C2+ oxygenates. The presence of Mn did not have a significant effect on the rate of CH4 production. Ir was observed during empirical catalyst screening experiments to improve the activity and selectivity of Rh-Mn catalysts. Thus, the addition of Ir to the Rh-Mn nanoparticles also was probed computationally. Simulations of Rh-Mn-Ir nanoparticles revealed that, with sufficient Ir concentrations, the Rh, Mn and Ir presumably would be well mixed within a nanoparticle. Activation barriers were calculated for Rh-Mn-Ir nanoparticles for several C-, H-, and O-containing transitional species on the nanoparticle surface. It was found that the presence of Ir opened yet another reactive pathway whereby HCO is formed and may undergo insertion with CHx surface moieties. The reaction pathway opened by the presence of Ir is in addition to the CO + CH pathway opened by the presence of Mn. Similar to Mn, the presence of Ir was not found to not affect the rate of CH4 production.

  17. http://www.sjsu.edu/senate/s91-8.htm S91-8 SJSU ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUG POLICY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gleixner, Stacy

    http://www.sjsu.edu/senate/s91-8.htm S91-8 SJSU ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUG POLICY Legislative History Policy Recommendation presented by Gabe Reyes for the Instruction and Student Affairs Committee. This policy was approved and accepted as University Policy effective immediately. Copies were sent

  18. Characterization of oculomotor response to pseudorandom stimuli using time-domain analysis-effects of alcohol intoxication on smooth pursuit movements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldsberry, Dennis Hamilton

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Oculomotor impairment is often a sign of brain dysfiinction. This study extends the effects of alcohol intoxication on the response of the smooth pursuit system to a pseudorandom non-linear sum-of-sinusoids input and attempts to develop mathematical...

  19. Catalytic decomposition of alcohols over size-selected Pt nanoparticles supported on ZrO2: A study of activity, selectivity, and stability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kik, Pieter

    ,17]. Catalytic reforming of gasoline additives, e.g. methanol, ethanol, and potentially butanol, may serve. Recent studies have focused on the feasibility of obtaining hydrogen (via steam reforming) from 2 hydrogen generation from alcohols (i.e. methanol, ethanol, propanol, butanol) can promote the use of fuel

  20. A novel copper(II)-Schiff base complex containing pyrrole ring: Synthesis, characterization and its modified electrodes applied in oxidation of aliphatic alcohols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , ethanol and benzyl alcohol. The electro-reduction of carbon dioxide was also examined. Keywords: Copper] and carbon dioxide [9]. So, in continuation of our recent papers [10], we have undertaken a covalent grafting. Thus, conducting polymeric films of polypyrrole were obtained on the surfaces of glassy carbon and ITO

  1. The economical production of alcohol fuels from coal-derived synthesis gas. Quarterly technical progress report No. 5, October 1, 1992--December 31, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two base case flow sheets have now been prepared. In the first, which was originally presented in TPR4, a Texaco gasifier is used. Natural gas is also burned in sufficient quantity to increase the hydrogen to carbon monoxide ratio of the synthesis gas to the required value of 1. 1 for alcohol synthesis. Acid gas clean up and sulfur removal are accomplished using the Rectisol process followed by the Claus and Beavon processes. About 10% of the synthesis gas is sent to a power generation unit in order to produce electric power, with the remaining 90% used for alcohol synthesis. For this process, the estimated installed cost is $474.2 mm. The estimated annual operating costs are $64.5 MM. At a price of alcohol fuels in the vicinity of $1. 00/gal, the pay back period for construction of this plant is about four years. The details of this case, called Base Case 1, are presented in Appendix 1. The second base case, called Base Case 2, also has a detailed description and explanation in Appendix 1. In Base Case 2, a Lurgi Gasifier is used. The motivation for using a Lurgi Gasifier is that it runs at a lower temperature and pressure and, therefore, produces by-products such as coal liquids which can be sold. Based upon the economics of joint production, discussed in Technical Progress Report 4, this is a necessity. Since synthesis gas from natural gas is always less expensive to produce than from coal, then alcohol fuels will always be less expensive to produce from natural gas than from coal. Therefore, the only way to make coal- derived alcohol fuels economically competitive is to decrease the cost of production of coal-derived synthesis gas. one method for accomplishing this is to sell the by-products from the gasification step. The details of this strategy are discussed in Appendix 3.

  2. Supramolecular structures in monohydroxy alcohols: Insights from shear-mechanical studies of a systematic series of octanol structural isomers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tina Hecksher; Bo Jakobsen

    2014-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A recent study [Gainaru et al. PRL., 112, 098301 (2014)] of two supercooled monohydroxy alcohols close to the glass-transition temperature showed that the Debye peak, thus far mainly observed in the electrical response, also has a mechanical signature. In this work, we apply broadband shear-mechanical spectroscopy to a systematic series of octanol structural isomers, x-methyl-3-heptanol (with x ranging from 2 to 6). We find that the characteristics of the mechanical signature overall follow the systematic behavior observed in dielectric spectroscopy. However, the influence from the molecular structure is strikingly small in mechanics (compared to roughly a factor 100 increase in dielectric strength) and one isomer clearly does not conform to the general ordering. Finally, the mechanical data surprisingly indicate that the size of the supramolecular structures responsible for the Debye process is nearly unchanged in the series.

  3. ***This MSDS covers part#s 30004P, 30016P, 30128P, 30640P, 33840P & 37040P Page 1 of 2 MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rollins, Andrew M.

    on quantity HMIS/NFPA CODE Health 0; Fire 1; Reactivity 0 MANUFACTURING CODE NO.: 8358 COMMODITY CODE NO.: 332. II. INGREDIENTS Aliphatic Organic Acid : CAS# 112-80-1 >75% mixture Aliphatic Organic Ester : CAS/gal VAPOR PRESSURE (mm of Mercury) @ 75° F : Less Than 1 VAPOR DENSITY (Air = 1) : Greater Than 5 SOLUBILITY

  4. The economical production of alcohol fuels from coal-derived synthesis gas. Quarterly technical progress report Number 9, October 1, 1993--December 31, 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Catalysts based on molybdenum are being prepared using four different approaches. These materials have been characterized by IR, XRD and single-crystal studies. Modeling studies are continuing satisfactorily. The overall efficiency of each base case has been calculated and tested as a screening method to select feasible technologies. A methodology to determine the effects and influences of process variable uncertainties on the performance of a design has been developed. Input variables in the model to be considered include the reaction product distribution, the operating temperatures of equipment (e.g., gasifiers, separators, etc.), and the estimates of the thermodynamic model used in the computer aided design simulation of the process. The efficiency of the process can be modeled by calculation of output variables such as the payback period or the energy efficiency of the plant. The result will be a range of expected operating conditions for the process and an indication of which variables` uncertainties are most likely to affect process operating conditions. The stream exiting the reactor consists of alcohols, esters and water. The separation block consists of a network of distillation columns which separate the various alcohols and water. The choice and order of separation, operating conditions, degree of separation and amount to be bypassed are the random variables to be optimized by simulated annealing. The value of the above variables controls the mix of the alcohol streams to be used as gasoline additives exiting the network of distillation column. The total profitability is the price obtained by selling the various blended products after accounting for the cost of production of various alcohols.

  5. The economical production of alcohol fuels from coal-derived synthesis gas. Seventh quarterly technical progress report, April 1, 1993--June 30, 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An analysis of the current base cases has been undertaken to determine if the economic status of the proposed alcohol fuels may benefit from economies of scale. This analysis was based on a literature review which suggested that plants of capacities substantially below 5000 metric tons/day are unlikely to be competitive for the bulk production of alcohols for fuel consumption or chemicals manufacture. The preliminary results of this scale up procedure would indicate that the capacity of the current base cases be increased by a factor of eight. This would yield annual production of 4.1 million metric tons and essentially reduce the plant gate cost by approximately 41 percent in both cases. A facility of this size would be the equivalent of a medium sized oil refinery and would be capable of sustaining local market demands for fuel oxygenates. The actual competitiveness of this product with current oxygenates such as MTBE remains to be determined. The alcohol synthesis loop is being used to evaluate optimization procedures which will eventually be used to optimize the entire process. A more detailed design of the synthesis reactor is required, and a preliminary design of this reactor has been completed.

  6. Catalysis for Mixed Alcohol Synthesis from Biomass Derived Syngas: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-08-292

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hensley, J.

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Dow Chemical Company (Dow) developed and tested catalysts for production of mixed alcohols from synthesis gas (syngas), under research and development (R&D) projects that were discontinued a number of years ago. Dow possesses detailed laboratory notebooks, catalyst samples, and technical expertise related to this past work. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is conducting R&D in support of the United States Department of Energy (DOE) to develop methods for economically producing ethanol from gasified biomass. NREL is currently conducting biomass gasification research at an existing 1/2 ton/day thermochemical test platform. Both Dow and NREL believe that the ability to economically produce ethanol from biomass-derived syngas can be enhanced through collaborative testing, refinement, and development of Dow's mixed-alcohol catalysts at NREL's and/or Dow's bench- and pilot-scale facilities. Dow and NREL further agree that collaboration on improvements in catalysts as well as gasifier operating conditions (e.g., time, temperature, upstream gas treatment) will be necessary to achieve technical and economic goals for production of ethanol and other alcohols.

  7. School of Forest Safety Training

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Andrew

    ) · Laboratories: ­ Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for chemicals ­ Chemical hygiene plan (CHP) manual

  8. Prenatal ethanol exposure programs an increased susceptibility of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in female adult offspring rats

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shen, Lang; Liu, Zhongfen; Gong, Jun; Zhang, Li [Department of Pharmacology, Basic Medical School of Wuhan University, Wuhan 430071 (China); Wang, Linlong [Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan 430071 (China); Magdalou, Jacques [UMR 7561 CNRS-Nancy Université, Faculté de Médicine, Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy (France); Chen, Liaobin [Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan 430071 (China); Wang, Hui, E-mail: wanghui19@whu.edu.cn [Department of Pharmacology, Basic Medical School of Wuhan University, Wuhan 430071 (China); Research Center of Food and Drug Evaluation, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430071 (China)

    2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Prenatal ethanol exposure (PEE) induces dyslipidemia and hyperglycemia in fetus and adult offspring. However, whether PEE increases the susceptibility to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in offspring and its underlying mechanism remain unknown. This study aimed to demonstrate an increased susceptibility to high-fat diet (HFD)-induced NAFLD and its intrauterine programming mechanisms in female rat offspring with PEE. Rat model of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) was established by PEE, the female fetus and adult offspring that fed normal diet (ND) or HFD were sacrificed. The results showed that, in PEE + ND group, serum corticosterone (CORT) slightly decreased and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and glucose increased with partial catch-up growth; In PEE + HFD group, serum CORT decreased, while serum IGF-1, glucose and triglyceride (TG) increased, with notable catch-up growth, higher metabolic status and NAFLD formation. Enhanced liver expression of the IGF-1 pathway, gluconeogenesis, and lipid synthesis as well as reduced expression of lipid output were accompanied in PEE + HFD group. In PEE fetus, serum CORT increased while IGF-1 decreased, with low body weight, hyperglycemia, and hepatocyte ultrastructural changes. Hepatic IGF-1 expression as well as lipid output was down-regulated, while lipid synthesis significantly increased. Based on these findings, we propose a “two-programming” hypothesis for an increased susceptibility to HFD-induced NAFLD in female offspring of PEE. That is, the intrauterine programming of liver glucose and lipid metabolic function is “the first programming”, and postnatal adaptive catch-up growth triggered by intrauterine programming of GC-IGF1 axis acts as “the second programming”. - Highlights: • Prenatal ethanol exposure increase the susceptibility of NAFLD in female offspring. • Prenatal ethanol exposure reprograms fetal liver’s glucose and lipid metabolism . • Prenatal ethanol exposure cause the adaptive change of glucocorticoid-IGF1 axis.

  9. MRI Assessment of Uterine Artery Patency and Fibroid Infarction Rates 6 Months after Uterine Artery Embolization with Nonspherical Polyvinyl Alcohol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Das, Raj, E-mail: rajdas@nhs.net; Gonsalves, Michael; Vlahos, Ioannis [St George's Healthcare NHS Trust, Blackshaw, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom)] [St George's Healthcare NHS Trust, Blackshaw, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom); Manyonda, Issac [St George's Healthcare NHS Trust, Department of Gynaecology (United Kingdom)] [St George's Healthcare NHS Trust, Department of Gynaecology (United Kingdom); Belli, Anna-Maria [St George's Healthcare NHS Trust, Blackshaw, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom)] [St George's Healthcare NHS Trust, Blackshaw, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom)

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: We have observed significant rates of uterine artery patency after uterine artery embolization (UAE) with nonspherical polyvinyl alcohol (nsPVA) on 6 month follow-up MR scanning. The study aim was to quantitatively assess uterine artery patency after UAE with nsPVA and to assess the effect of continued uterine artery patency on outcomes. Methods: A single centre, retrospective study of 50 patients undergoing bilateral UAE for uterine leiomyomata was undertaken. Pelvic MRI was performed before and 6 months after UAE. All embolizations were performed with nsPVA. Outcome measures included uterine artery patency, uterine and dominant fibroid volume, dominant fibroid percentage infarction, presence of ovarian arterial collaterals, and symptom scores assessed by the Uterine Fibroid Symptom and Quality of Life questionnaire (UFS-QOL). Results: Magnetic resonance angiographic evidence of uterine artery recanalization was demonstrated in 90 % of the patients (64 % bilateral, 26 % unilateral) at 6 months. Eighty percent of all dominant fibroids demonstrated >90 % infarction. The mean percentage reduction in dominant fibroid volume was 35 %. No significant difference was identified between nonpatent, unilateral, and bilateral recanalization of the uterine arteries with regard to percentage dominant fibroid infarction or dominant fibroid volume reduction. The presence of bilaterally or unilaterally patent uterine arteries was not associated with inferior clinical outcomes (symptom score or UFS-QOL scores) at 6 months. Conclusion: The high rates of uterine artery patency challenge the current paradigm that nsPVA is a permanent embolic agent and that permanent uterine artery occlusion is necessary to optimally treat uterine fibroids. Despite high rates of uterine artery recanalization in this cohort, satisfactory fibroid infarction rates and UFS-QOL scores were achieved.

  10. Transarterial Ethylene Vinyl Alcohol Copolymer Visualization and Penetration After Embolization of Life-Threatening Hemoptysis: Technical and Clinical Outcomes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bommart, Sebastien, E-mail: s-bommart@chu-montpellier.fr [CHU of Montpellier, Arnaud de Villeneuve Hospital, Department of Radiology (France); Bourdin, Arnaud [CHU of Montpellier, Arnaud de Villeneuve Hospital, Department of Respiratory Diseases (France); Giroux, Marie France [Centre Hospitalier de l'Universite de Montreal, Notre-Dame Hospital, Department of Radiology (Canada); Klein, Francois; Micheau, Antoine; Bares, Valerie Monnin; Kovacsik, Helene [CHU of Montpellier, Arnaud de Villeneuve Hospital, Department of Radiology (France)

    2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Objectives: This study was designed to evaluate the feasibility of using ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer (EVAC) for bronchial artery embolization (BAE) in patients with life-threatening hemoptysis and to compare the visualization and transarterial penetration of EVAC under fluoroscopy and computed tomography (CT). Methods: Fifteen patients (mean age, 62.9 (range, 24-82) years) who were referred for life-threatening hemoptysis (27 month period) underwent BAE using EVAC. All patients had thoracic CT examination before and after BAE. Technical and clinical results were evaluated. Visibility and extent of cast penetration (graded 1-4) on fluoroscopy and postprocedure CT were assessed and compared. Results: BAE was feasible in all but one artery (due to spasm; n = 27; 96.4%). No procedure-related complications or deaths were detected. Two patients had recurrent bleeding in the following day (13.3%). Immediate clinical success was achieved in 14 cases (93.3%) after reembolization of pulmonary artery pseudoaneurysm in one patient (mean follow-up, 43.5 (range, 14-148) days). Visibility of the cast was possible in 73.3% of patients (n = 11) under fluoroscopy (mean cast penetration 1.66) and in all patients under CT (mean cast penetration 2.06). The postinjection fluoroscopic visibility in 6 of 15 (40%) patients was inferior to CT (P < 0.02). Conclusions: BAE with EVAC seems to be feasible and safe with immediate control of hemoptysis in most patients. The postinjection fluoroscopic visibility of EVAC under fluoroscopy was inferior to CT.

  11. Supercritical Fluid Extraction- Process Simulation and Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, C. L.; Seibert, A. F.

    case study, we will lise data taken fro~ one experimental run to simulate process flows, energy requirements and process conditions when separating isopropyl alcohol (IPA) from water employing supercritical carbon dioxide as the solvent. The SFE... resins, fractionation of heat sensitive compounds, treatment of hazardous wastes and the deasphalting of petroleum residuals. Supercritical pressure extractors operate near or above the critical temperature and pressure of the solvent in order to take...

  12. Polyisobutylene as a Polymer Support for Homogeneous Catalysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hongfa, Chayanant

    2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    and filtration. PEG is insoluble in hexane, diethyl ether, tert-butylmethyl ether (TBME), isopropyl alcohol, and cold ethanol. These are the solvents usually used for the precipitation process. 14 PEG is usefully soluble in a wide range of solvents... (>80% ee) and high yield (>80%). The PEG-bound Cinchona alkaloid 6 was recovered (8) 11 by solvent precipitation with diethyl ether and recycled through five cycles with p- chlorostyrene as a substrate. The average yield of all 5 cycles was 93...

  13. Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) to Liquid Fuels Synthesis, Volume 2: A Techno-economic Evaluation of the Production of Mixed Alcohols

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, Susanne B.; Zhu, Yunhua; Valkenburt, Corinne

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Biomass is a renewable energy resource that can be converted into liquid fuel suitable for transportation applications and thus help meet the Energy Independence and Security Act renewable energy goals (U.S. Congress 2007). However, biomass is not always available in sufficient quantity at a price compatible with fuels production. Municipal solid waste (MSW) on the other hand is readily available in large quantities in some communities and is considered a partially renewable feedstock. Furthermore, MSW may be available for little or no cost. This report provides a techno-economic analysis of the production of mixed alcohols from MSW and compares it to the costs for a wood based plant. In this analysis, MSW is processed into refuse derived fuel (RDF) and then gasified in a plant co-located with a landfill. The resulting syngas is then catalytically converted to mixed alcohols. At a scale of 2000 metric tons per day of RDF, and using current technology, the minimum ethanol selling price at a 10% rate of return is approximately $1.85/gallon ethanol (early 2008 $). However, favorable economics are dependent upon the toxicity characteristics of the waste streams and that a market exists for the by-product scrap metal recovered from the RDF process.

  14. Ethyl Alcohol Production.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Neal, Henry

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    +------.-----.------.------.-----.------.-- o 2 3 4 5 6 Time (hrs.) Batch 29 Cooking and Fermenting Log Corn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 682 pounds (12.2 bushels) Natural gas used Meter measures in increments of 100 cubic feet. Cooking.... The following general production steps are the ones presently used and may change with future production experience. 1. The grain is ground in a hammermill with a 1/8- inch screen. Each of the 350 gallon cooker fermenter tanks normally handles a 12...

  15. Transition metal complexes of oxazolinylboranes and cyclopentadienyl-bis(oxazolinyl)borates: Catalysts for asymmetric olefin hydroamination and acceptorless alcohol decarbonylation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Manna, Kuntal [Ames Laboratory

    2012-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The research presented and discussed in this dissertation involves the synthesis of transition metal complexes of oxazolinylboranes and cyclopentadienyl-bis(oxazolinyl)borates, and their application in catalytic enantioselective olefin hydroamination and acceptorless alcohol decarbonylation. Neutral oxazolinylboranes are excellent synthetic intermediates for preparing new borate ligands and also developing organometallic complexes. Achiral and optically active bis(oxazolinyl)phenylboranes are synthesized by reaction of 2-lithio-2-oxazolide and 0.50 equiv of dichlorophenylborane. These bis(oxazolinyl)phenylboranes are oligomeric species in solid state resulting from the coordination of an oxazoline to the boron center of another borane monomer. The treatment of chiral bis(oxazolinyl)phenylboranes with sodium cyclopentadienide provide optically active cyclopentadienyl-bis(oxazolinyl)borates H[PhB(C{sub 5}H{sub 5})(Ox{sup R}){sub 2}] [Ox{sup R} = Ox{sup 4S-iPr,Me2}, Ox{sup 4R-iPr,Me2}, Ox{sup 4S-tBu]}. These optically active proligands react with an equivalent of M(NMe{sub 2}){sub 4} (M = Ti, Zr, Hf) to afford corresponding cyclopentadienyl-bis(oxazolinyl)borato group 4 complexes {PhB(C{sub 5}H{sub 4})(Ox{sup R}){sub 2}}M(NMe{sub 2}){sub 2} in high yields. These group 4 compounds catalyze cyclization of aminoalkenes at room temperature or below, providing pyrrolidine, piperidine, and azepane with enantiomeric excesses up to 99%. Our mechanistic investigations suggest a non-insertive mechanism involving concerted C?N/C?H bond formation in the turnover limiting step of the catalytic cycle. Among cyclopentadienyl-bis(oxazolinyl)borato group 4 catalysts, the zirconium complex {PhB(C{sub 5}H{sub 4})(Ox{sup 4S-iPr,Me2}){sub 2}}Zr(NMe{sub 2}){sub 2} ({S-2}Zr(NMe{sub 2}){sub 2}) displays highest activity and enantioselectivity. Interestingly, {S-2}Zr(NMe{sub 2}){sub 2} also desymmetrizes olefin moieties of achiral non-conjugated aminodienes and aminodiynes during cyclization. The cyclization of aminodienes catalyzed by {S-2}Zr(NMe{sub 2}){sub 2} affords diastereomeric mixture of cis and trans cylic amines with high diasteromeric ratios and excellent enantiomeric excesses. Similarly, the desymmetrization of alkyne moieties in {S-2}Zr(NMe{sub 2}){sub 2}-catalyzed cyclization of aminodiynes provides corresponding cyclic imines bearing quaternary stereocenters with enantiomeric excesses up to 93%. These stereoselective desymmetrization reactions are significantly affected by concentration of the substrate, temperature, and the presence of a noncyclizable primary amine. In addition, both the diastereomeric ratios and enantiomeric excesses of the products are markedly enhanced by N-deuteration of the substrates. Notably, the cationic zirconium-monoamide complex [{S-2}Zr(NMe{sub 2})][B(C{sub 6}F{sub 5}){sub 4}] obtained from neutral {S-2}Zr(NMe{sub 2}){sub 2} cyclizes primary aminopentenes providing pyrrolidines with S-configuration; whereas {S-2}Zr(NMe{sub 2}){sub 2} provides R-configured pyrrolidines. The yttrium complex {S-2}YCH{sub 2}SiMe{sub 3} also affords S-configured pyrrolidines by cyclization of aminopentenes, however the enantiomeric excesses of products are low. An alternative optically active yttrium complex {PhB(C{sub 5}H{sub 4})(Ox{sup 4S-tBu}){sub 2}}YCH{sub 2}SiMe{sub 3} ({S-3}YCH{sub 2}SiMe{sub 3}) is synthesized, which displays highly enantioselective in the cyclization of aminoalkenes at room temperature affording S-configured cyclic amines with enantiomeric excesses up to 96%. A noninsertive mechanism involving a six-membered transition state by a concerted C?N bond formation and N?H bond cleavage is proposed for {S-3}YCH{sub 2}SiMe{sub 3} system based on the kinetic, spectroscopic, and stereochemical features. In the end, a series of bis- and tris(oxazolinyl)borato iridium and rhodium complexes are synthesized with bis(oxazolinyl)phenylborane [PhB(Ox{sup Me2}){sub 2}]{sub n}, tris(oxazolinyl)borane [B(Ox{sup Me2}){sub 3}]n, and tris(4,4-dimethyl-2-oxazolinyl)phenylborate [To{sup M}]{sup ?}. All these new an

  16. Adsorption from flooding solutions in porous media: Second annual report, October 1986-October 1987. [C)sub 8)benzenesulfonate and C)sub 12)EO)sub 8) alcohol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Somasundaran, P.; Bell, R.; Boyd, J.; Chandar, P.; Fu, E.; Huang, Y.; Ramachandran, R.; Pereira, V.; Sivakumar, A.; Snell, E.; Velosa, A.; Viswanathan, K.V.

    1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Surfactant formulations that are used in enhanced oil recovery consist of mixtures of various components. We have continued studies on mixtures of an anionic surfactant, C/sub 8/benzenesulfonate, and a nonionic surfactantt. C/sub 12/EO/sub 8/alcohol. Adsorption data on alumina and silica show that strong interactions between the two surfactants occur. On alumina on which the nonionic does not absorb by itself the presence of small amounts of adsorbed sulfonate was sufficient to cause significant adsorption of ethoxylated alcohol. On silica sulfonate did not absorb by itself but only did so in the presence of alcohol. Interactions between surfactants were quantified using the regular mixing model. Interaction parameters between -3 and -5 were determined at the liquidair interface in mixed micelles from surface tension data for different surfactant compositions. Work is focused on directly measuring thermodynamic quantities using microcalorimetry. Surfactant structural effects were also studied. A series of branched C/sub 14/benezenesulfonates emphasizes characterization along with adsorption measurements. Results showed major influences in addition to that of chain lenth and chain branching due to the position in the benzene ring of the longer alkyl chain in relation to that of the sulfonate group. 43 refs., 54 figs., 3 tabs

  17. Written by David Niedzwiecki/ 1/2/2009 1:42:27 PM Protocol for Solid State Nanopore wetting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Movileanu, Liviu

    under a fume hood, wear protective gear and read the MSDS. Rinse the Teflon chamber thoroughly MSDS. All work with should be done under a fume hood and with a lab coat, safety goggles and gloves

  18. Fourier transform electron paramagnetic resonance study of the photoreduction of anthraquinone with 4-methyl-2,6-di-tert-butylphenol in alcoholic solutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Plueschau, M.; Kroll, G. [Universitaet Dortmund (Germany); Dinse, K.P. [TH Darmstadt (Germany)] [and others

    1992-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Using FT-EPR following laser excitation, the primary photochemical process in the photoreduction of anthraquinone with 4-methyl-2,6-di-tert-butylphenol was investigated. High-resolved spin-polarized EPR spectra taken with nanosecond time resolution gave unambiguous evidence for a two-step hydrogen abstraction reaction, consisting of a primary electron transfer followed by proton abstraction with a time delay, which allows for a noticeable escape probability of the initially generated anthrasemiquinone radical anion (AQ{sup {sm_bullet}minus}). The time dependence of the EPR intensities of the neutral 10-hydroxy-anthroxyl radical (AQH{sup {sm_bullet}}) as well as of AQ{sup {sm_bullet}} could be simulated for the full experimentally accessible time interval of 10 ns to 100 {mu}s. The kinetic model used invokes optical spin polarization, spin-lattice relaxation, radical generation, and AQH{sup {sm_bullet}}AQ interconversion. In addition, from an analysis of the highly-resolved FT-EPR spectra a complete set of AQH{sup {sm_bullet}} hyperfine splitting (hfs) constants could be measured in two different alcohols for the first time. 30 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

  19. Fluctuating micro-heterogeneity in water–tert-butyl alcohol mixtures and lambda-type divergence of the mean cluster size with phase transition-like multiple anomalies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Banerjee, Saikat; Furtado, Jonathan; Bagchi, Biman, E-mail: bbagchi@sscu.iisc.ernet.in [SSCU, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India)] [SSCU, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India)

    2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Water–tert-butyl alcohol (TBA) binary mixture exhibits a large number of thermodynamic and dynamic anomalies. These anomalies are observed at surprisingly low TBA mole fraction, with x{sub TBA} ? 0.03–0.07. We demonstrate here that the origin of the anomalies lies in the local structural changes that occur due to self-aggregation of TBA molecules. We observe a percolation transition of the TBA molecules at x{sub TBA} ? 0.05. We note that “islands” of TBA clusters form even below this mole fraction, while a large spanning cluster emerges above that mole fraction. At this percolation threshold, we observe a lambda-type divergence in the fluctuation of the size of the largest TBA cluster, reminiscent of a critical point. Alongside, the structure of water is also perturbed, albeit weakly, by the aggregation of TBA molecules. There is a monotonic decrease in the tetrahedral order parameter of water, while the dipole moment correlation shows a weak nonlinearity. Interestingly, water molecules themselves exhibit a reverse percolation transition at higher TBA concentration, x{sub TBA} ? 0.45, where large spanning water clusters now break-up into small clusters. This is accompanied by significant divergence of the fluctuations in the size of largest water cluster. This second transition gives rise to another set of anomalies around. Both the percolation transitions can be regarded as manifestations of Janus effect at small molecular level.

  20. Conducting polymer blends: Polypyrrole and polythiophene blends with polystyrene, polycarbonate resin, poly(vinyl alcohol) and poly(vinyl methyl ketone)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, H.L.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Various aromatic compounds can be polymerized by electrochemical oxidation in solution containing a supporting electrolyte. Most studies have been devoted to polypyrrole and polythiophene. In situ doping during electrochemical polymerization yields free standing conductive polymer film. One major approach to making conducting polymer blends is electrochemical synthesis after coating the host polymer on a platinum electrode. In the electrolysis of pyrrole or thiophene monomer, using (t-Bu[sub 4]N)BF[sub 4] as supporting electrolyte, and acetonitrile as solvent, monomer can diffuse through the polymer film, to produce a polypyrrole or polythiophene blend in the film. Doping occurs along with polymerization to form a conducting polymer alloy. The strongest molecular interaction in polymers, and one that is central to phase behavior, is hydrogen bonding. This mixing at the molecular level enhances the degree of miscibility between two polymers and results in macroscopic properties indicative of single phase behavior. In this dissertation, the authors describes the syntheses of conducting polymer blends: polypyrrole and polythiophene blends with polystyrene, poly(bisphenol-A-carbonate), polyvinyl alcohol and poly(vinyl methyl ketone). The syntheses are performed both electrochemically and chemically. Characterization of these blends was carried out by Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy, Differential Scanning Calorimetry, Thermogravimetric Analysis, Scanning Electron Microscopy, and X-ray diffraction. Percolating threshold conductivities occur from 7% to 20% for different polymer blends. The low threshold conductivity is attributed to blend homogeneity enhanced by hydrogen bonding between the carbonyl group in the insulating polymer and the N-H group in polypyrrole. Thermal stability, environmental stability, mechanical properties, crystallinity and morphological structure are also discussed. The authors have also engaged in the polymerization of imidazoles.

  1. Portal Vein Embolization with Radiolabeled Polyvinyl Alcohol Particles in a Swine Model: Hepatic Distribution and Implications for Pancreatic Islet Cell Transplantation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Owen, Richard J., E-mail: drrichardowen@tbwifi.c [University of Alberta, Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging, Faculty of Medicine, Walter Mackenzie Health Sciences Center (Canada); Mercer, John R. [University of Alberta, Department of Oncologic Imaging, Faculty of Medicine (Canada); Al-Saif, Faisal; Molinari, Michele [University of Alberta Hospital, Department of Surgery (Canada); Ashforth, Robert A. [University of Alberta, Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging, Faculty of Medicine, Walter Mackenzie Health Sciences Center (Canada); Rajotte, Ray V. [University of Alberta, Surgical-Medical Research Institute (Canada); Conner-Spady, Barbara [University of Alberta, Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging, Faculty of Medicine, Walter Mackenzie Health Sciences Center (Canada); Shapiro, A. M. James [University of Alberta, Clinical Islet Transplant Program (Canada)

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The distribution of radiolabeled polyvinyl alcohol microspheres (PVAMs) when infused into the portal vein of domestic swine was investigated, with the purpose of assessing implications for pancreatic islet cell transplantation. PVAMs measuring 100-300 {mu}m (Contour SE) and labeled with {sup 99m}Tc were infused into the main portal vein of 12 swine, with intermittent portal venous pressure measurements. The infusion catheter was introduced antegradely via direct or indirect cannulation of the portal vein. The liver was subsequently divided into anatomical segments. Radioactivity (decay corrected) was measured for {sup 99m}Tc microsphere synthesis, dose preparation, gross organ activities, tissue samples, and blood. Particulate labeling, catheter positioning, and infusion were successful in all cases. The number of particles used was (185,000 {+-} 24,000) with a volume of 1 ml. Mean portal pressure at 5 min was significantly higher than baseline, but without a significant difference at 15 min. Extrahepatic tissue and serum radioactivity was negligible. A significant difference in number of radioactive particles per gram was detected between segments 6/7 and segments 5/8. Intrasegmental activity was analyzed, and for segments 2/3 a significant difference in the percentage dose per gram across samples was demonstrated (P = 0.001). Effective and stable radiolabeling of PVAMs with {sup 99m}Tc-sulfur colloid was demonstrated. Portal venous infusion of 100- to 300-{mu}m particles showed entrapment in the sinusoidal hepatic system with transient portal pressure elevation. Preferential embolization into the right lateral and posterior segments occurs, suggesting that flow dynamics/catheter tip position plays a role in particle distribution.

  2. A SEARCH FOR INTERSTELLAR CARBON-CHAIN ALCOHOL HC{sub 4}OH IN STAR-FORMING REGION L1527 AND DARK CLOUD TMC-1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Araki, Mitsunori; Yamabe, Hiromichi; Koshikawa, Naohiro; Tsukiyama, Koichi [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science Division I, Tokyo University of Science, 1-3 Kagurazaka, Shinjuku-ku 162-8601, Tokyo (Japan); Takano, Shuro [Nobeyama Radio Observatory, 462-2 Nobeyama, Minamimaki, Minamisaku, Nagano 384-1305 (Japan); Nakane, Aya; Okabayashi, Toshiaki [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Shizuoka University, 836 Oya, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka 422-8529 (Japan); Kunimatsu, Arisa; Kuze, Nobuhiko, E-mail: araki@rs.kagu.tus.ac.jp [Department of Materials and Life Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Sophia University, 7-1 Kioi-cho, Chiyoda-ku 102-8554, Tokyo (Japan)

    2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We report a sensitive search for the rotational transitions of the carbon-chain alcohol HC{sub 4}OH in the frequency range 21.2-46.7 GHz in the star-forming region L1527 and the dark cloud TMC-1. The motivation was laboratory detection of HC{sub 4}OH by microwave spectroscopy. Despite achieving rms noise levels of several millikelvin in the antenna temperature using the 45 m telescope at Nobeyama Radio Observatory, the detection was not successful, leading to 3{sigma} upper limits corresponding to the column densities of 2.0 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 12} and 5.6 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 12} cm{sup -2} in L1527 and TMC-1, respectively. These upper limits indicate that [HC{sub 4}OH]/[HC{sub 5}N] ratios are less than 0.3 and 0.1 in L1527 and TMC-1, respectively, where HC{sub 5}N is an HC{sub 4}-chain cyanide and HC{sub 4}OH is a hydroxide. These ratios suggest that the cyano carbon-chain molecule dominates the hydroxyl carbon-chain molecule in L1527 and TMC-1. This is contrary to the case of saturated compounds in hot cores, e.g., CH{sub 3}OH and CH{sub 3}CN, and can be a chemical feature of carbon-chain molecules in L1527 and TMC-1. In addition, the column densities of the 'unsubstituted' carbon-chain molecule C{sub 4}H and the sulfur-bearing molecules SO and HCS{sup +} were determined from detected lines in L1527.

  3. Co-nonsolvency of PNiPAM at the transition between solvation mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irmgard Bischofberger; Davide C. E. Calzolari; Veronique Trappe

    2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the co-nonsolvency of poly-N-isopropyl acrylamide (PNiPAM) in different water-alcohol mixtures and show that this phenomenon is due to two distinct solvation contributions governing the phase behavior of PNiPAM in the water-rich and alcohol-rich regime respectively. While hydrophobic hydration is the predominant contribution governing the phase behavior of PNiPAM in the water-rich regime, the mixing contributions governing the phase behavior of classical polymer solutions determine the phase behavior of PNiPAM in the alcohol-rich regime. This is evidenced by distinct scaling relations denoting the energetic state of the aqueous medium as a key parameter for the phase behavior of PNiPAM in the water-rich regime, while the volume fractions of respectively water, alcohol and PNiPAM become relevant parameters in the alcohol-rich regime. Adding alcohol to water decreases the energetics of the aqueous medium, which gradually suppresses hydrophobic hydration, while adding water to alcohol decreases the solvent quality. Consequently, PNiPAM is insoluble in the intermediate range of solvent composition, where neither hydrophobic hydration nor the mixing contributions prevail. This accounts for the co-nonsolvency phenomenon observed for PNiPAM in water-alcohol mixtures.

  4. Homologation process making higher alcohols

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Leung, Tak W. (Charleston, WV); Dombek, Bernard D. (Charleston, WV)

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A liquid phase process for the manufacture of C.sub.2+ alkanols by the reaction of hydrogen with carbon monoxide in the presence of a catalyst containing ruthenium, cobalt, a halide-containing compound, and an aromatic compound substituted in adjacent ring positions by nitrogen atoms. The process embraces the use of rhodium as an additive to the catalyst system.

  5. Alcohol Use, Comorbidity, and Mortality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2–3 drinks per day and having gout or anxiety or taking aby a doctor that they had gout, hepatitis, or ulcer disease,psychiatric conditions Gout, anxiety disorder (history of

  6. ESE Alcohol | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 No revision| Open Jump to: navigation,ProtectionEQuilibriumSpaESE

  7. The formation of gas bubbles at submerged orifices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayes, William Bell

    1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . For values of Nc greater than 0.85, the formation and release of the bubbles appeared to occur almost simul? taneously. For the formation of bubbles at zero chamber volume and at low flow rates, the following equation was developed. (2) Ve * equilibrium... experimentally. The d determined for water (isopropyl alcohol s0I = 22 dynes/cm.). Surface tensions of aqueous solutions of glycerine were found to conform very closely to those...

  8. Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, 9 ?6 ? A261-A264 ?2006? 1099-0062/2006/9?6?/A261/4/$20.00 © The Electrochemical Society Alcohol Fuel Cells at Optimal Temperatures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tetsuya Uda; A Dane A. Boysen; B Calum R. I. Chisholm; Sossina M. Haile Z

    High-power-density alcohol fuel cells can relieve many of the daunting challenges facing a hydrogen energy economy. Here, such fuel cells are achieved using CsH 2PO 4 as the electrolyte and integrating into the anode chamber a Cu-ZnO/Al 2O 3 methanol steam-reforming catalyst. The temperature of operation, ?250°C, is matched both to the optimal value for fuel cell power output and for reforming. Peak power densities using methanol and ethanol were 226 and 100 mW/cm 2, respectively. The high power output ?305 mW/cm 2 ? obtained from reformate fuel containing 1 % CO demonstrates the potential of this approach with optimized reforming catalysts and also the tolerance to CO poisoning at these elevated temperatures.

  9. MESERAN Test Results for Elimination of Flammable Solvents in Wipe Applications at Pantex

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M. G. Benkovich

    2005-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, efforts have been made within the nuclear weapons complex (National Nuclear Security Administration) of the Department of Energy (DOE) to replace Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) regulated solvents (i.e., flammable, toxic, corrosive, and reactive) and ozone-depleting chemicals (ODC) with more benign alternatives. Within the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and the Department of Defense (DoD) sectors, these solvents are used for cleaning hardware during routine maintenance operations. A primary goal of this study is to replace flammable solvents for wiping applications. Two cleaners, including a hydrofluoroether (HFE) and an azeotrope of the HFE and isopropyl alcohol (IPA), have been studied as potential replacements for flammable solvents. Cleaning efficacy, short-term and longterm materials compatibility, corrosion, drying times, flammability, environment, safety and health (ES&H) issues and accelerated aging studies are among the tests that are being conducted and that are used to screen candidate solvents by the interagency team performing this work. The results are compared to the traditionally used isopropyl alcohol, which serves as the baseline cleaner. This report details the results of MESERAN (Measurement and Evaluation of Surfaces by Evaporative Rate ANalysis) testing performed at the Kansas City Plant (KCP) to quantify the cleaning efficacy on samples contaminated with the various contaminants and cleaned by wiping with the various solvents being evaluated.

  10. Research Needs: Glass Solar Reflectance and Vinyl Siding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Robert

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    vinyl- sunlight.html. Certainteed. 2005. “PVC Capstockon PVC Substrate. ” Material Safety Data Sheet MSDS Number:2010. “Overview of materials for PVC, Rigid Grade. ” http://

  11. Ergonomics in the Biosciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexandre, Melanie

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Downloads/mlhAppNote1.pdf James, T. , Lamar, S. , Marker,MSDs) – James, T. , Lamar, S. , Marker,T. & Frederick, L. (

  12. Oxygenates du`jour...MTBE? Ethanol? ETBE?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolfe, R.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    There are many different liquids that contain oxygen which could be blended into gasoline. The ones that have been tried and make the most sense are in the alcohol (R-OH) and ether (R-O-R) chemical family. The alcohols considered are: methanol (MeOH), ethanol (EtOH), tertiary butyl alcohol (TBA). The ethers are: methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), ethyl tertiary butyl ether (ETBE), tertiary amyl methyl ether (TAME), tertiary amyl ethyl ether (TAEE), di-isopropyl ether (DIPE). Of the eight oxygenates listed above, the author describes the five that are still waiting for widespread marketing acceptance (methanol, TBA, TAME, TAEE, and DIPE). He then discusses the two most widely used oxygenates in the US, MTBE and ethanol, along with the up-and-coming ethanol ether, ETBE. Selected physical properties for all of these oxygenates can be found in Table 2 at the end of this paper. A figure shows a simplified alcohol/ether production flow chart for the oxygenates listed above and how they are interrelated.

  13. Catalytic conversion of light alkanes, Phase 3. Topical report, January 1990--December 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The mission of this work is to devise a new catalyst which can be used in the first simple, economic process to convert the light alkanes in natural gas to an alcohol-rich oxygenated product which can either be used as an environmentally friendly, high-performance liquid fuel, or a precursor to a liquid hydrocarbon transportation fuel. The authors have entered the proof-of-concept stage for converting isobutane to tert butyl alcohol in a practical process and are preparing to enter proof-of-concept of a propane to isopropyl alcohol process in the near future. Methane and ethane are more refractory and thus more difficult to oxidize than the C{sub 3} and C{sub 4} hydrocarbons. Nonetheless, advances made in this area indicate that further research progress could achieve the goal of their direct conversion to alcohols. Progress in Phase 3 catalytic vapor phase methane and ethane oxidation over metals in regular oxidic lattices are the subject of this topical report.

  14. Determination of Methyl tert-Butyl Ether and tert-Butyl Alcohol in Water by Solid-Phase Microextraction/Head Space Analysis in Comparison to EPA Method 5030/8260B

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oh, Keun-Chan; Stringfellow, William T.

    2003-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) is now one of the most common groundwater contaminants in the United States. Groundwater contaminated with MTBE is also likely to be contaminated with tert-butyl alcohol (TBA), because TBA is a component of commercial grade MTBE, TBA can also be used as a fuel oxygenate, and TBA is a biodegradation product of MTBE. In California, MTBE is subject to reporting at concentrations greater than 3 {micro}g/L. TBA is classified as a ''contaminant of current interest'' and has a drinking water action level of 12 {micro}g/L. In this paper, we describe the development and optimization of a simple, automated solid phase microextraction (SPME) method for the analysis of MTBE and TBA in water and demonstrate the applicability of this method for monitoring MTBE and TBA contamination in groundwater, drinking water, and surface water. In this method, the headspace (HS) of a water sample is extracted with a carboxen/polydimethylsiloxane SPME fiber, the MTBE and TBA are desorbed into a gas chromatograph (GC), and detected using mass spectrometry (MS). The method is optimized for the routine analysis of MTBE and TBA with a level of quantitation of 0.3 {micro}g/L and 4 {micro}g/L, respectively, in water. MTBE quantitation was linear for over two orders of concentration (0.3 {micro}g/L -80 {micro}g/L). TBA was found to be linear within the range of 4 {micro}g/L-7,900 {micro}g/L. The lower level of detection for MTBE is 0.03 {micro}g/L using this method. This SPME method using headspace extraction was found to be advantageous over SPME methods requiring immersion of the fiber into the water samples, because it prolonged the life of the fiber by up to 400 sample analyses. This is the first time headspace extraction SPME has been shown to be applicable to the measurement of both MTBE and TBA at concentrations below regulatory action levels. This method was compared with the certified EPA Method 5030/8260B (purge-and-trap/GC/MS) using split samples from laboratory bioreactors treating MTBE contaminated water and applied to environmental samples collected throughout the East Bay area of California. Results from the SPME-HS/GC/MS method were directly comparable to the EPA Method 5030/8260B. This method provides an simple, inexpensive, accurate, and sensitive alternative to EPA Method 5030/8260B for the analysis of MTBE and TBA in water samples.

  15. Denatured Alcohol MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rollins, Andrew M.

    lights, and turn off stoves, heaters, electric motors and all other sources of ignition during use damage, and death. No data available. Signs and Symptoms Of Exposure Diseases of the liver. Medical

  16. Demonstration of alcohol as an aviation fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A recently funded Southeastern Regional Biomass Energy Program (SERBEP) project with Baylor University will demonstrate the effectiveness of ethanols as an aviation fuel while providing several environmental and economic benefits. Part of this concern is caused by the petroleum industry. The basis for the petroleum industry to find an alternative aviation fuel will be dictated mainly by economic considerations. Three other facts compound the problem. First is the disposal of oil used in engines burning leaded fuel. This oil will contain too much lead to be burned in incinerators and will have to be treated as a toxic waste with relatively high disposal fees. Second, as a result of a greater demand for alkalites to be used in the automotive reformulated fuel, the costs of these components are likely to increase. Third, the Montreal Protocol will ban in 1998 the use of Ethyl-Di-Bromide, a lead scavenger used in leaded aviation fuel. Without a lead scavenger, leaded fuels cannot be used. The search for alternatives to leaded aviation fuels has been underway by different organizations for some time. As part of the search for alternatives, the Renewable Aviation Fuels Development Center (RAFDC) at Baylor University in Waco, Texas, has received a grant from the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to improve the efficiencies of ethanol powered aircraft engines and to test other non-petroleum alternatives to aviation fuel.

  17. Alcohol and Historiography in Early China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sterckx, Roel

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ’s visionary prediction that wine would one day lead to the inevitable demise of some states is also incorporated in the following anecdote: 14 The king of Liang ?, Wei Ying ??, was hosting his feudal lords with a toast at Fantai ??. Feeling...

  18. The social situation of alcoholism in Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maguire, Tara Ann

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in Anthropology by Tara Ann Maguire Committee in Charge:Stephen Parish Copyright Tara Ann Maguire, 2011 All RightsReserved. The Thesis of Tara Ann Maguire is approved and it

  19. Alcohol and Other Drugs Education and Prevention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    's constitution allows for specific legal use, possession and growing of marijuana under certain circumstances prohibited under federal law, the use, possession and growing of marijuana on campus is prohibited. Student, because of Mines' status as a federal contractor and grant recipient and because marijuana use is still

  20. Alcohol fuels bibliography, 1901-March 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This annotated bibliography is subdivided by subjects, as follows: general; feedstocks-general; feedstocks-sugar; feedstocks-starch; feedstocks-cellulose crops and residues; production; coproducts; economics; use as vehicle fuel; government policies; and environmental effects and safety. (MHR)

  1. Alcohol Fuels - Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWP TWP RelatedCellulase C. bescii CelA, adefaultRuns for CY2.4 June

  2. Master of Science Thesis Stockholm, Sweden 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maguire Jr., Gerald Q.

    . This thesis project addresses the problem of automatically distributing MSDS and the corresponding metadata. It presents the underlying technology selected for this project. It gives a brief introduction of this project underrätta en användare att det finns en nyare MSDS och sedan skicka den korresponderande filen och dess

  3. Temperature of hydrogen radio frequency plasma under dechlorination process of polychlorinated biphenyls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Inada, Y., E-mail: inada@hvg.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp; Abe, K.; Kumada, A.; Hidaka, K. [Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Systems, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Amano, K.; Itoh, K.; Oono, T. [R and D Center, Tokyo Electric Power Company, 4-1 Egasaki-cho, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama 230-8510 (Japan)

    2014-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been reported that RF (radio frequency) hydrogen plasmas promote the dechlorination process of PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls) under irradiation of MW (microwave). A relative emission intensity spectroscope system was used for single-shot imaging of two-dimensional temperature distributions of RF hydrogen plasmas generated in chemical solutions with several mixing ratios of isopropyl alcohol (IPA) and insulation oil under MW irradiation. Our experimental results showed that the plasma generation frequencies for the oil-contaminating solutions were higher than that for the pure IPA solution. In addition, the plasma temperature in the compound liquids including both oil and IPA was higher than that in the pure IPA and oil solutions. A combination of the plasma temperature measurements and plasma composition analysis indicated that the hydrogen radicals generated in a chemical solution containing the equal volumes of IPA and oil were almost the same amounts of H and H{sup +}, while those produced in the other solutions were mainly H.

  4. ES&H development activities for the W89 warhead

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pretzel, C.W.

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Environmental, Safety and Health (ES&H) issues became an important design consideration during the development of the W89 warhead for the SRAM 11 (Short-Range Attack Missile) missile. An action plan was developed to handle these issues at all the production agencies and at both the system and the component level. The main thrust was in the area of solvent substitution, in particular for solder flux removal. The cleaner d-limonene followed by an isopropyl alcohol rinse was selected for applications were the traditional cleaners were 1,1,1 trichloroethane or trichloroethylene. Compatibility testing rather than efficacy testing dominated the development effort. In addition to other solvent substitution applications, organic materials that were free of toluene diisocynate (TDI), and methylene dianiline (MDA) were explored for use in the W89.

  5. Thermodynamics of Hydrogen Production from Dimethyl Ether Steam Reforming and Hydrolysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    T.A. Semelsberger

    2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The thermodynamic analyses of producing a hydrogen-rich fuel-cell feed from the process of dimethyl ether (DME) steam reforming were investigated as a function of steam-to-carbon ratio (0-4), temperature (100 C-600 C), pressure (1-5 atm), and product species: acetylene, ethanol, methanol, ethylene, methyl-ethyl ether, formaldehyde, formic acid, acetone, n-propanol, ethane and isopropyl alcohol. Results of the thermodynamic processing of dimethyl ether with steam indicate the complete conversion of dimethyl ether to hydrogen, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide for temperatures greater than 200 C and steam-to-carbon ratios greater than 1.25 at atmospheric pressure (P = 1 atm). Increasing the operating pressure was observed to shift the equilibrium toward the reactants; increasing the pressure from 1 atm to 5 atm decreased the conversion of dimethyl ether from 99.5% to 76.2%. The order of thermodynamically stable products in decreasing mole fraction was methane, ethane, isopropyl alcohol, acetone, n-propanol, ethylene, ethanol, methyl-ethyl ether and methanol--formaldehyde, formic acid, and acetylene were not observed. The optimal processing conditions for dimethyl ether steam reforming occurred at a steam-to-carbon ratio of 1.5, a pressure of 1 atm, and a temperature of 200 C. Modeling the thermodynamics of dimethyl ether hydrolysis (with methanol as the only product considered), the equilibrium conversion of dimethyl ether is limited. The equilibrium conversion was observed to increase with temperature and steam-to-carbon ratio, resulting in a maximum dimethyl ether conversion of approximately 68% at a steam-to-carbon ratio of 4.5 and a processing temperature of 600 C. Thermodynamically, dimethyl ether processed with steam can produce hydrogen-rich fuel-cell feeds--with hydrogen concentrations exceeding 70%. This substantiates dimethyl ether as a viable source of hydrogen for PEM fuel cells.

  6. DETAILED CHEMICAL KINETIC MODELS FOR THE LOW TEMPERATURE COMBUSTION OF HYDROCARBONS WITH APPLICATION TO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ;NOMENCLATURE CV: closed vessel DIPE: di-isopropyl-ether ETBE: ethyl-tert-butyl-ether FR: flow reactor HCCI

  7. Material Safety Data Sheet Ashland Chemical Co. Date Prepared: 01/06/98

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubloff, Gary W.

    Material Safety Data Sheet Ashland Chemical Co. Date Prepared: 01/06/98 Date Printed: 06/23/99 MSDS General or Generic ID: BLEND Company Emergency Telephone Number: Ashland Chemical Co. 1-800-ASHLAND (1

  8. alcohol dehydrogenase family: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    deduplication and compression with the cloud to reduce the storage footprint as well as CapEx and OpEx costs Chaudhuri, Surajit 325 Order: Homoptera Family: Aphididae Computer...

  9. alcohol modified polysulfone: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Graft Polymerization (APPIGP). Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ??Surface nano-structuring of polysulfone (PSf) membrane surrogate surfaces was accomplished by...

  10. alcohols technical progress: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: Report Date: Mar 31, 2003 Semi-Annual Technical Progress Report PREFERRED WATERFLOOD MANAGEMENT...3...

  11. Genetical genomic determinants of alcohol consumption in rats and humans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    total of 31,379 (quality controltotal was divided by 30 to obtain the daily average. Quality Control

  12. High compression ratio turbo gasoline engine operation using alcohol enhancement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Raymond (Raymond A.)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Gasoline - ethanol blends were explored as a strategy to mitigate engine knock, a phenomena in spark ignition engine combustion when a portion of the end gas is compressed to the point of spontaneous auto-ignition. This ...

  13. alcohol intestinal bacterial: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae) Larvae Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: turkey bedding and corn silage. Aerobic culturing yielded 25 bacterial species, including 11...

  14. alcohol outlet density: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 21 Non-Intrusive Load Identification for Smart Outlets Sean Barker, Mohamed Musthag, David Irwin, and Prashant Shenoy Computer...

  15. RESEARCH PAPER Effects of iron oxide nanoparticles on polyvinyl alcohol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, John Zhanhu

    Laboratory (ICL), Dan F. Smith Department of Chemical Engineering, Lamar University, Beaumont, TX 77710, USA e-mail: zhanhu.guo@lamar.edu S. Wei Á P. Bernazzani Department of Chemistry and Physics, Lamar

  16. alcohol membrane reactor: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: The design and operation of a differential Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) fuel cell is described. The fuel cell design is based on coupled Stirred Tank Reactors...

  17. alcohol tba biodegradation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    at all TBA mole fractions Biswas, Ranjit 2 Role of Volatilization in Changing TBA and MTBE Concentrations at Environmental Management and Restoration Websites Summary: of Mines,...

  18. aqueous alcohol solutions: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    basis) at 20oC and 92 % at 30oC. Key words: lead biosorption, Bacillus sp., adsorption, isotherm. L. Ray; S. Paul; D. Bera; P. Chattopadhyay 2005-01-01 213 Dynamics of Bound and...

  19. alcohol ethoxylate surfactants: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    For vanishing hydrophobic forces this complex has the architecture of a molecular bottle-brush cylindrically centered around the stretched PE molecule. Upon increasing the...

  20. alcohol synthesis catalysts: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    method and by the solution combustion method. These were studied using BET isotherm, powder and single ... Silverwood, Ian P 52 Reactions of M(N-2,6-i-Pr2C6H3)(CHR)(...

  1. alcohol ethoxycarboxylate surfactants: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    For vanishing hydrophobic forces this complex has the architecture of a molecular bottle-brush cylindrically centered around the stretched PE molecule. Upon increasing the...

  2. alcohol drinking study: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    12; Drinking Water Distribution Systems Hydraulics, Leakage, and Water Quality Issues Life Cycle Assessment for Different Piping Materials Water Demand Analysis due to Water...

  3. alcohol risk drinking: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    12; Drinking Water Distribution Systems Hydraulics, Leakage, and Water Quality Issues Life Cycle Assessment for Different Piping Materials Water Demand Analysis due to Water...

  4. alcohol binge drinking: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    12; Drinking Water Distribution Systems Hydraulics, Leakage, and Water Quality Issues Life Cycle Assessment for Different Piping Materials Water Demand Analysis due to Water...

  5. alcohol drinking individuals: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    12; Drinking Water Distribution Systems Hydraulics, Leakage, and Water Quality Issues Life Cycle Assessment for Different Piping Materials Water Demand Analysis due to Water...

  6. alcohol drinking: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    12; Drinking Water Distribution Systems Hydraulics, Leakage, and Water Quality Issues Life Cycle Assessment for Different Piping Materials Water Demand Analysis due to Water...

  7. alcohol drinking frequency: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    12; Drinking Water Distribution Systems Hydraulics, Leakage, and Water Quality Issues Life Cycle Assessment for Different Piping Materials Water Demand Analysis due to Water...

  8. alcohol drinking cigarette: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    12; Drinking Water Distribution Systems Hydraulics, Leakage, and Water Quality Issues Life Cycle Assessment for Different Piping Materials Water Demand Analysis due to Water...

  9. alcohol drinking behaviors: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    12; Drinking Water Distribution Systems Hydraulics, Leakage, and Water Quality Issues Life Cycle Assessment for Different Piping Materials Water Demand Analysis due to Water...

  10. alcohol consumption city: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Websites Summary: and Electric Company ("PG&E") entered into an Asset Purchase Agreement whereby PG&E agreed to purchase the HMU strongly supports the use of renewable...

  11. alcohol fuels program: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: of Science, Fossil Energy and Nuclear Energy Examples of Key Targets Fuel Cells: Transportation: 30kHydrogen & Fuel Cells - Program Overview - Sunita...

  12. alcohol fuel cells: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    cell power generation systems provide a clean alternative to the conventional fossil fuel based systems. Fuel cell systems have a high e?ciency and use easily available...

  13. Alcohol Excites Cerebellar Golgi Cells by Inhibiting Paolo Botta1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Schutter, Erik

    function cause motor coordination impairments that are responsible for millions of injuries and deaths. Neuropsychopharmacology (2010) 35, 1984­1996; doi:10.1038/npp.2010.76; published online 2 June 2010 Keywords: ethanol; #12; INTRODUCTION The cerebellum controls motor coordination and also has a role in higher

  14. alcohol ignition interlock: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on the Fusion Ignition Research Experiment (FIRE), a tokamak designed for burning plasma research. Engineering 58 The National Ignition Campaign Presentation to Plasma Physics and...

  15. alcohol market production: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    marketing mix in the automobile industry. We find that investors react favorably to companies that launch innovations, particularly pioneering innovations, backed by...

  16. alcohol sales sites: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    bids for this sale must be submitted through the E 12;General Conditions of Sale 1. All timber on offer in this sale is covered by Chain of Custody Agreements offered for a lump...

  17. acerca del alcohol: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    del Trabajo: Acerca del estilo de pensamiento en los inicios de la Historia de la Ciencia en la Argentina Physics Websites Summary: 1 T-tulo del Trabajo: Acerca del estilo...

  18. Ti-Catalyzed Reactions of Hindered Isocyanates with Alcohols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spino, Claude

    a nitrogen-carbon bond with retention of stereo- chemistry at carbon, and they have been used, for instance the Curtius rear- rangement of an acyl azide to construct the pivotal nitrogen-carbon bond (cf. Scheme 1 other Lewis acids, including zinc chloride, titanium tetrachloride, and tin tetrachloride, were either

  19. A Dioxane Template for Highly Selective Epoxy Alcohol Cyclizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mousseau, James J.

    Ladder polyether natural products are a class of natural products denoted by their high functional-group density and large number of well-defined stereocenters. They comprise the toxic component of harmful algal blooms ...

  20. alcohol fiber mats: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    unknowns are functions of several independent variables Temple, Blake 14 Departmental Syllabus for MAT 295, Calculus I Spring 2010 Mathematics Websites Summary: Departmental...

  1. alcohol acetates isoamyl: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    studies, there are a number of theories positing congeners, dehydration, or the ethanol metabolite acetaldehyde as causes of hangover headache. Methods: We used a chronic...

  2. alcohol consumption meals: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A&M University - TxSpace Summary: Oilseed crops are being widely evaluated for potential biodiesel production. Seed meal (SM) remaining after extracting oil may have use as a...

  3. Reorientation and Solvation Dynamics of Bulk and Confined Alcohols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vartia, Anthony Andrew

    2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    . . . . . . . . 10 1.1.2 Jump Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 1.1.3 Extended Jump Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 1.2 Experimental Measurements of Reorientation . . . . . . . . . . . 15 1.2.1 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 1.2.2 Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 1.2.3 Two-dimensional Infrared Spectroscopy . . . . . . . . . . 18 1.2.4 Infrared Pump-probe Anisotropy Measurements . . . . . . 19 1.3 Time-dependent Fluorescence Spectroscopy...

  4. alcohol marketing predicts: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    response programs in wholesale power markets with congestion managed by locational marginal prices are derived from DC optimal power flow solutions for day-ahead energy markets....

  5. Physicochemical Characterization of a Thermostable Alcohol Dehydrogenase from Pyrobaculum aerophilum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vitale, Annalisa; Thorne, Natasha; Lovell, Scott; Battaile, Kevin P.; Hu, Xin; Shen, Min; D'Auria, Sabato; Auld, Douglas S.

    2013-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    dihydrochloride. The assay was performed with 260 nM PyAeADHII in 50 mM NaPO4 pH 7.5, 3 mM a-tetralone, 0.3 mM NADPH in the presence of 80–1200 mM flunarizine dihydrochloride in DMSO/isopro- panol. a) Absorbance of NADPH (340 nm) was measured over time... mixture containing 3 mM substrate (a-tetralone; Sigma- Aldrich #T19003, Lot S28914 or from Tokyo Chemical Industry #T0134), 0.3 mM NADPH (Sigma-Aldrich #N5130) in 50 mM sodium phosphate (pH 7.5) [15]. The protein concentration was determined...

  6. Alcohol Outlets and Violent Crime in Washington D.C.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franklin, F. Abron; LaVeist, Thomas A.; Webster, Daniel W.; Pan, William K.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Heal. 1995;85(3):335-40. 17. Speer, P. W. , Gorman, D. M. ,16(1):25-40. Gorman DM, Speer PW, Labouvie EW, and Subaiya1998;88(1):97-100. Gorman DM, Speer PW, Gruenewald PJ, and

  7. Competitive Oxidation and Reduction of Aliphatic Alcohols over...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    bond to give alkoxy (RO ) bound to W(VI) centers and a proton (H+) attached to the terminal oxygen atom of a tungstyl group (WO). Two protons adsorbed onto the cluster readily...

  8. alcohol fiber reinforced: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AND SHM OF CARBON FIBER REINFORCED POLYMER PART I : IMPEDANCE ANALYSIS-performance composite materials based on carbon fiber are increasingly used in critical security areas...

  9. Effectiveness of Alcohol Cosurfactants in Hydrate Antiagglomeration Minwei Sun,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firoozabadi, Abbas

    Firoozabadi*,, Reservoir Engineering Research Institute, 595 Lytton Ave. Suite B, Palo Alto, California 94301, especially in the deep sea, formation of gas hydrates may plug flowlines.1 There are significant safety

  10. alcohol expectancies integrating: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Conclusions: Currently, there is a lack of evidence for many of the barriers faced by patients in availing treatment for hepatitis C. Adherence to treatment routine was found...

  11. Carbon dioxide reduction to alcohols using perovskite-type electrocatalysts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwartz, M.; Cook, R.L.; Kehoe, V.M.; MacDuff, R.C.; Patel, J.; Sammells, A.F. (Eltron Research, Inc., Boulder, CO (United States))

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electrochemical reduction of CO[sub 2] under ambient conditions to methanol, ethanol, and n-propanol is reported at perovskite-type A[sub 1.8]A[prime][sub 0.2]CuO[sub 4] (A = La, Pr, and Gd; A[prime] = Sr and Th) electrocatalysts when incorporated into gas diffusion electrodes. In the absence of copper at the perovskite B lattice site, no activity was found. This investigation resulted in the identification of electrochemical conditions whereby perovskite-type electrocatalysts could achieve cumulative Faradaic efficiencies for CO[sub 2] reduction to methanol, ethanol, and n-propanol up to [congruent] 40% at current densities of 180 mA/cm[sup 2].

  12. absolute alcohol injection: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    advance Machian physics by maintaining that the heliocentric system must be replaced by Tycho Brahe's geocentric system. We show that while geocentrism relies on Mach's contention...

  13. alcohol gas additives: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Additives That Prevent Or Reverse Cathode Aging In Drift Chambers With Helium-Isobutane Gas HEP - Experiment (arXiv) Summary: Noise and Malter breakdown have been studied at high...

  14. PROMOTED ZINC CHROMITE CATALYSTS FOR HIGHER ALCOHOL SYNTHESIS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ms. Xiaolei Sun; Professor George W. Roberts

    2000-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    During this reporting period, a ''zinc chromite'' catalyst promoted with 6 wt.% cesium (Cs) was evaluated at the following conditions: Temperature--375 C; Total Pressure--6.8 MPa (1000 psig); Gas Hourly Space Velocity (GHSV) - 5000 standard liters/kg(cat)-hr, and; H{sub 2}/CO feed ratio--1.0 mole/mole. Decahydronaphthalene (DHN) was used as the slurry liquid. The experiment lasted for eight days of continuous operation. Although the experimental data once again did not exhibit the desired degree of consistency, the data did show that methanol was the primary reaction product. The slurry liquid did not decompose or alkylate to a measurable extent during the continuous 8-day experiment. There was a relatively significant loss of catalyst surface area during the experiment. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analysis of various fractions of ''spent'' THQ was carried out. The fractions were prepared by silica gel liquid chromatography (LC). Chemical formuli and probable structures for each major compound were obtained. However, a higher degree of purification will be necessary to allow nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analysis to be used for definitive compound identification. A new Maxpro gas booster (DLE 15-75) was purchased because the existing Haskel gas booster once again developed a severe leak of carbon monoxide and hydrogen, and was judged to be unworthy of repair.

  15. alcohol copolymer evoh: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Gelest (more) Wadley, Maurice L. 2011-01-01 48 Syndiotactic polypropylene copolymer membranes and their performance for oxygen separation . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  16. alcohol production process: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2009-01-01 38 Process improvements during production ramp-up MIT - DSpace Summary: Raytheon Company is currently ramping up production radars for a fighter aircraft. This...

  17. alcohol biomass energy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    option in this regards because of its renewable, abundant, environment friendly nature. Gasification systems require high temperatures and an oxygenstarved environment to convert...

  18. Page 1 of 5 Alcohol and Other Drugs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    's constitution allows for specific legal use, possession and growing of marijuana under certain circumstances prohibited under federal law, the use, possession and growing of marijuana on campus is prohibited. Student, because of Mines' status as a federal contractor and grant recipient and because marijuana use is still

  19. Production and Use of Alcohol on the Farm.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Neal, Henry; Rothe, Joe M.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Most plants consist of at least a grinder, cooking tank, fermenting tank, distilla tion column, condenser, boiler, pipes, pumps, gages and controls. Some plants have separate cooking and fermen.ting tanks while others per form the two processes... showing layout. The most complex component design is the distillation column. 3. Consider the construction materials. The cooker may be made from mild steel or stainless steel. For a separate fermenter tank, use mild steel, stainless steel, copper...

  20. alcohol intake myocardial: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    26 Feedback control 27 MathematicalU N C O R R E C T E D P R O O F 1 Short and long-term energy intake patterns and their implications 256 Is Withholding Moderate Wine Intake...