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1

Elba Island, GA Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Egypt (Million Cubic Feet) Elba Island, GA Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Egypt (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 5,780...

2

Price of Elba Island, GA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Equatorial...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Equatorial Guinea (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of Elba Island, GA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

3

Price of Elba Island, GA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Nigeria...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Nigeria (Nominal Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of Elba Island, GA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Nigeria (Nominal Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

4

Rhode Island Natural Gas Summary  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

10.62 10.07 6.70 10.05 8.22 4.11 1984-2012 10.62 10.07 6.70 10.05 8.22 4.11 1984-2012 Residential 16.66 16.89 17.06 16.48 15.33 14.29 1967-2012 Commercial 14.91 15.53 15.14 14.46 13.33 12.31 1967-2012 Industrial 12.58 13.26 12.58 12.13 10.98 9.78 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel 10.96 12.62 10.72 11.71 8.61 16.32 1990-2012 Electric Power 8.06 10.50 4.98 5.45 5.10 3.98 1997-2012 Underground Storage (Million Cubic Feet) Injections 1973-1996 Withdrawals 1973-1996 Net Withdrawals 1973-1996 Liquefied Natural Gas Storage (Million Cubic Feet) Additions 1,093 656 698 468 430 517 1980-2012 Withdrawals 1,089 730 954 698 436 457 1980-2012 Net Withdrawals 4 -74 -256 -230 -7 60 1980-2012 Consumption (Million Cubic Feet) Total Consumption 87,972 89,256 92,743 94,110 100,455 95,477 1997-2012

5

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Rhode Island) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for 2010 - File22010" Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleHessRetailNaturalGasandElec.Acctg.(RhodeIsland)&oldid786295" Categories: EIA Utility...

6

,"Rhode Island Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Rhode Island Natural Gas Price Sold to Electric Power Consumers (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

7

,"Rhode Island Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Rhode Island Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","112014" ,"Release...

8

Rhode Island Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Rhode Island Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

9

Rhode Island Natural Gas LNG Storage Additions (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Additions (Million Cubic Feet) Rhode Island Natural Gas LNG Storage Additions (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

10

Rhode Island Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

(Million Cubic Feet) Rhode Island Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

11

Rhode Island Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Rhode Island Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

12

Rhode Island Natural Gas Input Supplemental Fuels (Million Cubic Feet)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Input Supplemental Fuels (Million Cubic Feet) Input Supplemental Fuels (Million Cubic Feet) Rhode Island Natural Gas Input Supplemental Fuels (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0 0 0 1970's 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1980's 257 951 718 594 102 130 182 109 391 219 1990's 51 92 155 126 0 27 42 18 1 1 2000's 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010's 0 0 0 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Total Supplemental Supply of Natural Gas Rhode Island Supplemental Supplies of Natural Gas Supplies of Natural Gas Supplemental Fuels (Annual Supply &

13

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Natural  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Natural Gas

14

Rhode Island Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern...

15

,"Rhode Island Natural Gas Summary"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1967" 7,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1967" ,"Data 2","Underground Storage",3,"Annual",1996,"6/30/1973" ,"Data 3","Liquefied Natural Gas Storage",3,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1980" ,"Data 4","Consumption",9,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1967" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ng_sum_lsum_dcu_sri_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/ng/ng_sum_lsum_dcu_sri_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:44:27 AM"

16

Rhode Island Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Rhode Island Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1960's 0.73 0.33 0.39 1970's 0.33 0.38 0.38 0.42 0.41 0.55 0.75 1.67 2.08 2.06 1980's 2.92 4.74 4.53 4.74 4.05 4.53 3.55 2.87 2.20 4.19 1990's 3.74 3.41 2.94 3.31 2.69 2.21 3.35 3.15 3.00 2.53 2000's 4.67 5.20 NA -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Price for Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Rhode Island Natural Gas Prices

17

Rhode Island Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Rhode Island Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 1,742 1,080 1,411 1990's 330 0 0 0 0 0 1,010 2,405 4,679 5,524 2000's 6,070 5,380 3,912 3,176 3,015 2,834 2,673 3,764 3,663 3,430 2010's 4,062 4,669 4,503 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers for the Account of Others Rhode Island Natural Gas Delivered for the Account of Others

18

,"Rhode Island Natural Gas Input Supplemental Fuels (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Input Supplemental Fuels (MMcf)" Input Supplemental Fuels (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Rhode Island Natural Gas Input Supplemental Fuels (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","na1400_sri_2a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/na1400_sri_2a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/19/2013 6:58:55 AM"

19

Price of Elba Island, GA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Egypt ...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4.21 3.67 4.14 4.29 4.22 3.22 2012 2.52...

20

Price of Elba Island, GA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Egypt ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- 11.33 6.74 6.81 9.36 3.72 2010's 4.50 3.97 2.52 --...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island ga natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Structure and zero-dimensional polariton spectrum of natural defects in GaAs/AlAs microcavities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a correlative study of structural and optical properties of natural defects in planar semiconductor microcavities grown by molecular beam epitaxy, which are showing a localized polariton spectrum as reported in Zajac et al. [Phys. Rev. B 85, 165309 (2012)]. The three-dimensional spatial structure of the defects was studied using combined focused ion beam (FIB) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). We find that the defects originate from a local increase of a GaAs layer thickness. Modulation heights of up to 140 nm for oval defects and 90 nm for round defects are found, while the lateral extension is about 2 ?m for oval and 4 ?m for round defects. The GaAs thickness increase is attributed to a Ga droplet deposited during growth due to Ga cell spitting. Following the droplet deposition, the thickness modulation expands laterally while reducing its height, yielding oval to round mounds of the interfaces and the surface. With increasing growth temperature, the ellipticity of the mounds is decreasing and their size is increasing. This suggests that the expansion is related to the surface mobility of Ga, which, with increasing temperature, is increasing and reducing its anisotropy between the [110] and [11¯0] crystallographic directions. Comprehensive data consisting of surface profiles of defects measured using differential interference contrast microscopy, volume information obtained using FIB/SEM, and characterization of the resulting confined polariton spectrum are presented.

Joanna M. Zajac and Wolfgang Langbein

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Si in GaN -- On the nature of the background donor  

SciTech Connect

A characterization of the Si impurity in GaN is performed by Raman spectroscopy. Applying hydrostatic pressure up to 25 GPa the authors study the behavior of the LO phonon-plasmon mode in a series of high mobility Si doped GaN films. In contrast to earlier results on unintentionally doped bulk GaN crystals no freeze out of the free carriers could be observed in Si doped samples. The authors find that Si is a shallow hydrogenic donor throughout the pressure range studied. This result positively excludes Si incorporation as a dominant source of free electrons in previously studied bulk GaN samples.

Wetzel, C.; Chen, A.L.; Suski, T.; Ager, J.W. III; Walukiewicz, W. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Materials Science Div.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

On the nature of oceanic eddies shed by the Island of Gran Canaria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We use hydrographic and buoy data to compare the initial temperature fields and Lagrangian evolution of water parcels in two vortices generated by the southward flowing Canary Current passing around the island of Gran Canaria Island. One vortex is anticyclonic, shed in June 1998 as the result of an incident current of about 0.05 m s?1, and the second one is cyclonic, shed in June 2005 with the impinging current estimated as 0.03 m s?1. The two vortices exhibit contrasting characteristics yet display some important similarities. The isopycnals are depressed in the core of the anticyclonic vortex, at least down to a depth of 700 m, whilst they dome up in the core of the cyclonic vortex but only down to 450 m. In the top 300 m the depression/doming of the isotherms is similar for both vortices, with a maximum vertical displacement of the isotherm of about 80 m, which correspond to temperature anomalies of some 2.5 °C at a given depth. A simple method is developed to obtain the initial orbital velocity field from the temperature data, from which we estimate peak values of 0.7 and 0.5 m s?1 for the anticyclonic and cyclonic vortices, respectively. The buoys, three for the anticyclonic vortex and two for the cyclonic one, were drougued at 100 m depth, below the surface mixed layer, and their initial velocities are consistent with the above values. In both vortices, the buoys revolve either within a central core, where the rotation rate remains stable and large for several weeks, or in an outer ring, where the rotation rate is significantly smaller and displays large radial fluctuations. Within the inner core the anticyclonic vortex has significant inward radial velocity, while the cyclonic vortex has near-zero radial mean motions. The cyclonic vortex rotates more slowly than the anticyclonic, their initial periods being 4.5 and 2.5 days, respectively. A simple axisymmetric model with radial diffusion (coefficient Kh?25 m2 s?1) and advection reproduces the observations reasonably well, the diffusive effect being more important than that resulting from the observed radial advection. The model also supports the hypothesis that the rotation rate of cyclonic vortices is less than that of anticyclonic vortices, as otherwise they would become inertially unstable. Both the buoys data and sea surface temperature images confirm that the vortices evolve from youth to maturity, as the cores shrink and the outer rings expands, and then to a decay stage, as the core rotation rates decrease, though frequent interactions with other mesoscale structures result in more accelerated aging. Despite these interaction they last many months as coherent structures south of the Canary Islands.

P. Sangrà; M. Auladell; A. Marrero-Díaz; J.L. Pelegrí; E. Fraile-Nuez; A. Rodríguez-Santana; J.M. Martín; E. Mason; A. Hernández-Guerra

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Bainbridge Island, Washington  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bainbridge Bainbridge Island, Washington to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Bainbridge Island, Washington on Facebook Tweet about Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Bainbridge Island, Washington on Twitter Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Bainbridge Island, Washington on Google Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Bainbridge Island, Washington on Delicious Rank Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Bainbridge Island, Washington on Digg Find More places to share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Bainbridge Island, Washington on AddThis.com... Better Buildings Residential Network Progress Stories Interviews Videos Events Quick Links to Partner Information AL | AZ | CA | CO | CT FL | GA | IL | IN | LA ME | MD | MA | MI | MO

25

Christmas Island  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... HAVING read with much interest the description of Christmas Island by Captain Aldrich and Mr. Lister, I have endeavoured to interpret some of ... . Lister, I have endeavoured to interpret some of the facts there given in the light of my own examination of similar islands in the Western Pacific. As pointed out ...

H. B. GUPPY

1888-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

26

Single-photon emission from the natural quantum dots in the InAs/GaAs wetting layer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A time-resolved microphotoluminescence study is presented for quantum dots that are formed in the InAs/GaAs wetting layer. These dots are due to fluctuations of In composition in the wetting layer. They show spectrally sharp luminescence lines with a low spatial density. We identify lines related to neutral exciton and biexciton as well as trions. Exciton emission antibunching [second-order correlation value of g(2)(0)=0.16] and a biexciton-exciton emission cascade prove nonclassical emission from the dots and confirm their potential as single-photon sources.

T. Kazimierczuk; A. Golnik; P. Kossacki; J. A. Gaj; Z. R. Wasilewski; A. Babi?ski

2011-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

27

Rhode Island Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 10.62 10.07 6.70 10.05 8.22 4.11 1984-2012 Residential Price 16.66 16.89 17.06 16.48 15.33 14.29 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 14.91 15.53 15.14 14.46 13.33 12.31 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 66.5 66.2 68.0 61.2 56.9 55.4 1990-2012 Industrial Price 12.58 13.26 12.58 12.13 10.98 9.78 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 11.6 11.7 9.2 6.5 6.0 6.3 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 10.96 12.62 10.72 11.71 8.61 16.32 1990-2012 Electric Power Price

28

Rhode Island Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

23.13 21.73 16.98 1989-2014 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2014 Commercial Price 18.82 20.53 19.81 18.89...

29

Island Cosmology in the Landscape  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the eternally inflationary background driven by the metastable vacua of the landscape, it is possible that some local quantum fluctuations with the null energy condition violation can be large enough to stride over the barriers among different vacua, so that create some islands full of radiation in new vacua, and then these emergently thermalized islands will enter into the evolution of standard big bang cosmology. In this paper, we calculate the spectrum of curvature perturbation generated during the emergence of island. We find that generally the spectrum obtained is nearly scale invariant, which can be well related to that of slow roll inflation by a simple duality. This in some sense suggests a degeneracy between their scalar spectra. In addition, we also simply estimate the non-Gaussianity of perturbation, which is naturally large, yet, can lie well in the observational bound. The results shown here indicate that the island emergently thermalized in the landscape can be consistent with our observable universe.

Yun-Song Piao

2008-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

30

Growth mechanisms of GaSb heteroepitaxial films on Si with an AlSb buffer layer  

SciTech Connect

The initial growth stages of GaSb epilayers on Si substrates and the role of the AlSb buffer layer were studied by high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM). Heteroepitaxy of GaSb and AlSb on Si both occur by Volmer-Weber (i.e., island mode) growth. However, the AlSb and GaSb islands have distinctly different characteristics as revealed through an atomic-resolution structural study using Z-contrast of HAADF-STEM imaging. While GaSb islands are sparse and three dimensional, AlSb islands are numerous and flattened. The introduction of 3D island-forming AlSb buffer layer facilitates the nucleation of GaSb islands. The AlSb islands-assisted nucleation of GaSb islands results in the formation of drastically higher quality planar film at a significantly smaller thickness of films. The interface of the AlSb and GaSb epilayers with the Si substrate was further investigated with energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry to elucidate the key role of the AlSb buffer layer in the growth of GaSb epilayers on Si substrates.

Vajargah, S. Hosseini; Botton, G. A. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L7 (Canada) [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L7 (Canada); Brockhouse Institute for Materials Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M1 (Canada); Canadian Centre for Electron Microscopy, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M1 (Canada); Ghanad-Tavakoli, S. [Centre for Emerging Device Technologies, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L7 (Canada)] [Centre for Emerging Device Technologies, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L7 (Canada); Preston, J. S.; Kleiman, R. N. [Brockhouse Institute for Materials Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M1 (Canada) [Brockhouse Institute for Materials Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M1 (Canada); Centre for Emerging Device Technologies, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L7 (Canada); Department of Engineering Physics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L7 (Canada)

2013-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

31

Uraninite: A 2 Ga spent nuclear fuel from the natural fission reactor at Bangombe in Gabon, West Africa  

SciTech Connect

Uraninites from the Bangombe natural fission reactor (RZB) and normal uranium-ore occur as fine veins in the sandstone host-rock as well as altered, broken, and slightly displaced grains in an illitic matrix, and in nodules and veins of solid bitumen. Inclusions of galena, (Y,Gd)-rich phosphates, a Pb-oxide and a Ti-oxide? were observed. Uraninites just below RZB were partially altered to a uranyl-sulfate. Three generations of uraninite were identified based on their PbO-contents of 8--11.06 wt%, 6 wt% (the largest population), and a younger generation with 3 wt%. Diffusional loss of Pb is indicated by the presence of a Pb-oxide at the interface to the uraninites. The behavior of the metallic fission products, incompatible with the uraninite structure, may mimic the behavior of Pb in these uraninites. The averaged impurity-content ranges from 4.29 to 6.89 wt%, and consists mainly of SiO{sub 2}, TiO{sub 2}, ZrO{sub 2}, FeO, CaO, Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and P{sub 2}O{sub 5}. The averaged content of Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} and the Ln`s is less than 0.78 wt% and there is a scattered positive correlation with P{sub 2}O{sub 5}. The content of Y + Ln`s is generally highest in the uraninites from RZB. Uraninite hydration and the formation of uranopelite/zippeite have caused complete loss of Y and the Ln`s. The analytical results indicate that Y and the Ln`s, which are high yield fission products, may be released from uraninite during alteration in the presence of P.

Jensen, K.A. [Aarhus Univ. (Denmark). Dept. of Earth Sciences; Ewing, R.C. [Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States). Dept. of Earth and Planetary Sciences; Gauthier-Lafaye, F. [Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Strasbourg (France). Centre de Geochemie de la Surface

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

32

Metromorphosis : evolution on the urban island  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cities are very much alive. Like islands, they provide a natural testing ground for evolution. With more than half of the world's population living in urban areas now, the influence cities have on the planet's life is ...

Vezina, Kenrick (Kenrick Freitas)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Rhode Island Recovery Act State Memo | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rhode Island Recovery Act State Memo Rhode Island Recovery Act State Memo Rhode Island Recovery Act State Memo Rhode Island has substantial natural resources, including wind and biomass. The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act (ARRA) is making a meaningful down payment on the nation's energy and environmental future. The Recovery Act investments in Rhode Island are supporting a broad range of clean energy projects, from weatherization to smart grid workforce training. Through these investments, Rhode Island's businesses, universities, non-profits, and local governments are creating quality jobs today and positioning Rhode Island to play an important role in the new energy economy of the future. Rhode Island Recovery Act State Memo More Documents & Publications Slide 1 Guam Recovery Act State Memo

34

Pacific Ocean Islands – Editorial Introduction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Islands in the Pacific Ocean are of three kinds (Nunn 2005). ... Most of the islands lie in the SW Pacific, but the Galapagos, Clipperton, and Easter ... Island are volcanic islands rising from the East Pacific R...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Bainbridge Island Data Dashboard  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The data dashboard for Bainbridge Island, a partner in the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Neighborhood Program.

36

Arctic ice islands  

SciTech Connect

The development of offshore oil and gas resources in the Arctic waters of Alaska requires offshore structures which successfully resist the lateral forces due to moving, drifting ice. Ice islands are floating, a tabular icebergs, up to 60 meters thick, of solid ice throughout their thickness. The ice islands are thus regarded as the strongest ice features in the Arctic; fixed offshore structures which can directly withstand the impact of ice islands are possible but in some locations may be so expensive as to make oilfield development uneconomic. The resolution of the ice island problem requires two research steps: (1) calculation of the probability of interaction between an ice island and an offshore structure in a given region; and (2) if the probability if sufficiently large, then the study of possible interactions between ice island and structure, to discover mitigative measures to deal with the moving ice island. The ice island research conducted during the 1983-1988 interval, which is summarized in this report, was concerned with the first step. Monte Carlo simulations of ice island generation and movement suggest that ice island lifetimes range from 0 to 70 years, and that 85% of the lifetimes are less then 35 years. The simulation shows a mean value of 18 ice islands present at any time in the Arctic Ocean, with a 90% probability of less than 30 ice islands. At this time, approximately 34 ice islands are known, from observations, to exist in the Arctic Ocean, not including the 10-meter thick class of ice islands. Return interval plots from the simulation show that coastal zones of the Beaufort and Chukchi Seas, already leased for oil development, have ice island recurrences of 10 to 100 years. This implies that the ice island hazard must be considered thoroughly, and appropriate safety measures adopted, when offshore oil production plans are formulated for the Alaskan Arctic offshore. 132 refs., 161 figs., 17 tabs.

Sackinger, W.M.; Jeffries, M.O.; Lu, M.C.; Li, F.C.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

GREEN HOMES LONG ISLAND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GREEN HOMES LONG ISLAND Town of Babylon Steve Bellone, Supervisor green your house, slash your to introduce Long Island Green Homes, an innovative program that will help residents make their homes more energy-efficient and reduce our community's carbon footprint. Why do we call it Long Island Green Homes

Kammen, Daniel M.

38

Natural  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Summary of U.S. Natural Gas Imports and Exports, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Imports Volume (million cubic feet) Pipeline Canada............................. 2,094,387 2,266,751 2,566,049 2,816,408 2,883,277 Mexico .............................. 0 1,678 7,013 6,722 13,862 Total Pipeline Imports....... 2,094,387 2,268,429 2,573,061 2,823,130 2,897,138 LNG Algeria .............................. 43,116 81,685 50,778 17,918 35,325 United Arab Emirates ....... 0 0 0 0 4,949 Total LNG Imports............. 43,116 81,685 50,778 17,918 40,274 Total Imports......................... 2,137,504 2,350,115 2,623,839 2,841,048 2,937,413 Average Price (dollars per thousand cubic feet) Pipeline Canada............................. 1.84 2.02 1.86 1.48 1.96 Mexico .............................. - 1.94 1.99 1.53 2.25 Total Pipeline Imports.......

39

Ultra-Thin, Triple-Bandgap GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs Monolithic Tandem Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect

The performance of state-of-the-art, series-connected, lattice-matched (LM), triple-junction (TJ), III-V tandem solar cells could be improved substantially (10-12%) by replacing the Ge bottom subcell with a subcell having a bandgap of {approx}1 eV. For the last several years, research has been conducted by a number of organizations to develop {approx}1-eV, LM GaInAsN to provide such a subcell, but, so far, the approach has proven unsuccessful. Thus, the need for a high-performance, monolithically integrable, 1-eV subcell for TJ tandems has remained. In this paper, we present a new TJ tandem cell design that addresses the above-mentioned problem. Our approach involves inverted epitaxial growth to allow the monolithic integration of a lattice-mismatched (LMM) {approx}1-eV GaInAs/GaInP double-heterostructure (DH) bottom subcell with LM GaAs (middle) and GaInP (top) upper subcells. A transparent GaInP compositionally graded layer facilitates the integration of the LM and LMM components. Handle-mounted, ultra-thin device fabrication is a natural consequence of the inverted-structure approach, which results in a number of advantages, including robustness, potential low cost, improved thermal management, incorporation of back-surface reflectors, and possible reclamation/reuse of the parent crystalline substrate for further cost reduction. Our initial work has concerned GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs tandem cells grown on GaAs substrates. In this case, the 1-eV GaInAs experiences 2.2% compressive LMM with respect to the substrate. Specially designed GaInP graded layers are used to produce 1-eV subcells with performance parameters nearly equaling those of LM devices with the same bandgap (e.g., LM, 1-eV GaInAsP grown on InP). Previously, we reported preliminary ultra-thin tandem devices (0.237 cm{sup 2}) with NREL-confirmed efficiencies of 31.3% (global spectrum, one sun) (1), 29.7% (AM0 spectrum, one sun) (2), and 37.9% (low-AOD direct spectrum, 10.1 suns) (3), all at 25 C. Here, we include recent results of testing similar devices under the concentrated AMO spectrum, and also present the first demonstration of a high-efficiency, ultra-thin GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs tandem cell processed on a flexible kapton handle.

Wanlass, M. W.; Ahrenkiel, S. P.; Albin, D. S.; Carapella, J. J.; Duda, A.; Emery, K.; Geisz, J. F.; Jones, K.; Kurtz, S.; Moriarty, T.; Romero, M. J.

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Syntactic Islands in Uyghur  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

negative NON.PST non-past tense NP noun phrase PART participle PL plural POSS possessive SCO Strong Crossover SG singular TP tense phrase VP verb phrase WCO Weak Crossover 1 1. Introduction In this thesis, I... provide a survey of island effects in Modern Standard Uyghur (ISO 639-3: uig)1, consisting of complex noun phrases, wh-islands, coordinate structures, and crossover effects. This investigation includes restrictions on scrambling out of islands and covert...

Major, Travis

2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island ga natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Mexico  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial...

42

GaTe semiconductor for radiation detection  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

GaTe semiconductor is used as a room-temperature radiation detector. GaTe has useful properties for radiation detectors: ideal bandgap, favorable mobilities, low melting point (no evaporation), non-hygroscopic nature, and availability of high-purity starting materials. The detector can be used, e.g., for detection of illicit nuclear weapons and radiological dispersed devices at ports of entry, in cities, and off shore and for determination of medical isotopes present in a patient.

Payne, Stephen A. (Castro Valley, CA); Burger, Arnold (Nashville, TN); Mandal, Krishna C. (Ashland, MA)

2009-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

43

Photovoltaic applications for remote-island needs  

SciTech Connect

Electric power supply options available to many of the central and south Pacific island governments are severely constrained by remoteness, limited infrastructures, a corrosive natural environment, and the high delivered costs of many conventional energy sources. Photovoltaic energy systems offer a currently available, practical, and cost-effective source of electricity for many stand-alone applications in remote areas of the Pacific. Photovoltaic system definitions and cost analyses are provided for selected applications in the Republic of Palau, the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and the Territory of American Samoa.

Schaller, D.A.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

AMCHITICA ISLAND, ALASKA  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Environment o Environment o f AMCHITICA ISLAND, ALASKA hlelvin L. hlerritt Sandia Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico Editors R. Glen Fuller Battelle Colu~nbus Laboratories Columbus, Ohio Prepared for Division of Military Application Energy Research and Development Administration Published by Technical Infor~nation Center Energy Research and Development Administration Library of Congress Cataloging in Pt~blication Data hlain entry under title: The Environment of Amchitka Island, Alaska "TlD-26712." Bibliography: p. Includrs indcx. 1. Eeology-Alarka-Amchirka Island. 2. Underground nuclear explorions-lIsland. 3. Cannikin Projcct. I. hlerritt, hlelvin Leroy, 1921- 11. Fuiler, Rtxeben Glen, 1910- 111. United Stater. Energy Research and Development

45

Invited Paper GaAs/A1O photonic bandgap material fabrication and characterization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

semiconductor crystals, photonic crystals do not occur naturally. There are, therefore, several seemingly direct bandgap semiconductors, such as GaAs, A1GaAs, InP, InGaAsP, etc., in which the radiative-dimensional photonic bandgaps for microwave and millimeter-wave radiation, and for shorter optical wavelengths in one

Zhou, Weidong

46

Microscopic identification of the compensation mechanisms in Si-doped GaAs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The compensation mechanisms of SiGa donors in GaAs are determined by scanning tunneling microscopy. With increasing Si concentration the SiGa donors are consecutively electrically deactivated by SiAs acceptors, Si clusters, and SiGa-Ga-vacancy complexes. A microscopic model based on the screened Coulomb interaction between charged dopants, the amphoteric nature of Si, and the Fermi-level effect is proposed. It explains the observed defects, the critical Si concentrations of each identified mechanism, and predicts the solubility limit of Si in GaAs. © 1996 The American Physical Society.

C. Domke, Ph. Ebert, M. Heinrich, and K. Urban

1996-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

47

Energy Strategy (Prince Edward Island, Canada) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Strategy (Prince Edward Island, Canada) Energy Strategy (Prince Edward Island, Canada) Energy Strategy (Prince Edward Island, Canada) < Back Eligibility Commercial Developer General Public/Consumer Industrial Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Schools State/Provincial Govt Utility Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Solar Wind Program Info Start Date 2008 State Prince Edward Island Program Type Industry Recruitment/Support Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals Solar/Wind Access Policy Without a local supply of natural gas and oil resources, Prince Edward Island is heavily reliant on imported sources of energy. Imported oil accounts for 76 percent of PEI's total energy supply, including transportation and heating. Wind

48

Feasibility study for a tropical island sea kayaking ecotourism business  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of NASTER OF AGRICULTURE August 1993 Najor Subject: Natural Resaurces Development Feasibility Study For 4 Tropical Island Sea Kayak ing Ecotourism Business A Professional Paper by NARY ALEXANDRIA ELDERGILL Appr as to style and content by: Louis A.... Hodges (Chair of Committee) esus H H ojosa (N r) Lauriston E. King mber) Carson E. Watt ( Interim Head of Department) August 1993 ABSTRACT Feasibility Study For A Tropical Island Sea Kayaking Ecotourism Business (May 1992) Mary A. Eldergill, B...

Eldergill, Mary Alexandria

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

49

Midway Islands: Language Situation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Midway Islands, a coral atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, is a U.S.-administered wildlife refuge currently closed to the public. The population now consists of about 40 people, the staff of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, a division of the Department of the Interior. The official language of Midway is English.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Exciton recombination dynamics in InxGa1-xAs/GaAs quantum wells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Low-temperature decay times ?PL are reported for a series of InxGa1-xAs/GaAs quantum wells. These show a nearly linear increase with increasing thickness (4?Lz?10 nm, x=0.15) but recombination in the widest well (12 nm) is dominated by nonradiative effects. The decay time increases almost linearly with temperature up to 50 K, as expected for free excitons. An increase in ?PL with increasing In composition (0.05?x?0.25, Lz=8 nm) is also observed. Wells with different In compositions exhibit a similar temperature behavior and there is a weak influence of strain on the decay time. Additional peaks in the photoluminescence spectra occur to the low-energy side of the free-exciton peaks. These features, which exhibit longer decay times, are attributed to excitons localized in In-rich islands arising from indium segregation.

Haiping Yu; Christine Roberts; Ray Murray

1995-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

51

Homogeneous AlGaN/GaN superlattices grown on free-standing (1100) GaN substrates by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy  

SciTech Connect

Two-dimensional and homogeneous growth of m-plane AlGaN by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy has been realized on free-standing (1100) GaN substrates by implementing high metal-to-nitrogen (III/N) flux ratio. AlN island nucleation, often reported for m-plane AlGaN under nitrogen-rich growth conditions, is suppressed at high III/N flux ratio, highlighting the important role of growth kinetics for adatom incorporation. The homogeneity and microstructure of m-plane AlGaN/GaN superlattices are assessed via a combination of scanning transmission electron microscopy and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The predominant defects identified in dark field TEM characterization are short basal plane stacking faults (SFs) bounded by either Frank-Shockley or Frank partial dislocations. In particular, the linear density of SFs is approximately 5 × 10{sup ?5} cm{sup ?1}, and the length of SFs is less than 15 nm.

Shao, Jiayi; Malis, Oana [Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States) [Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); Physics Department, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); Zakharov, Dmitri N. [Center for Functional Nanomaterials, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States)] [Center for Functional Nanomaterials, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States); Edmunds, Colin [Physics Department, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)] [Physics Department, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); Manfra, Michael J. [Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States) [Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); Physics Department, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); School of Materials Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 49707 (United States); School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 49707 (United States)

2013-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

52

Analysis of morphological and volumetric patterns along the beach of South Padre Island  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, began forming about '$, 500 years ago (shepard 1960), and it has been shaping and reshaping itself ever since. On remote shores, the movement of barrier island beaches is seldom a problem. Native plants and animals adjust naturally to shifting beach... the results of this study and beach characteristics in general, sevezal factors which affect a barrier island system are discussed below. ZOXmailgH The origin of harrier islands has been a long debated topic. Johnson's ( 1919) Theory related the origin...

Chaffey, Scott Allen

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

53

NUCLEAR ISLANDS International Leasing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ISLANDS ISLANDS International Leasing of Nuclear Fuel Cycle Sites to Provide Enduring Assurance of Peaceful Use Christopher E. Paine and Thomas B. Cochran Current International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards do not provide adequate protection against the diversion to military use of materials or technology from certain types of sensitive nuclear fuel cycle facilities. In view of highly enriched uranium's relatively greater ease of use as a nuclear explosive material than plutonium and the significant diseconomies of commercial spent fuel reprocessing, this article focuses on the need for improved international controls over uranium enrichment facilities as the proximate justification for creation of an International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Association (INFCA). In principle, the proposal is equally applicable to alleviating the proliferation concerns provoked by nuclear fuel

54

Rhode Island.indd  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rhode Island Rhode Island www.effi cientwindows.org March 2013 1. Meet the Energy Code and Look for the ENERGY STAR ® Windows must comply with your local energy code. Windows that are ENERGY STAR qualifi ed typically meet or exceed energy code requirements. To verify if specific window energy properties comply with the local code requirements, go to Step 2. 2. Look for Effi cient Properties on the NFRC Label The National Fenestration Rating Council (NFRC) label is needed for verifi cation of energy code compliance (www.nfrc. org). The NFRC label displays whole- window energy properties and appears on all fenestration products which are part of the ENERGY STAR program.

55

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Rock Island Arsenal - IL 09  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rock Island Arsenal - IL 09 Rock Island Arsenal - IL 09 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: ROCK ISLAND ARSENAL ( IL.09 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP - Referred to DOD Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Rock Island , Illinois IL.09-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 IL.09-2 Site Operations: Site located on a DOD facility and operated under AEC control. Exact nature or time period of operations not clear. No indication that radioactive materials were involved. Contract work with Albuquerque Operations office performed. IL.09-1 IL.09-2 Site Disposition: Eliminated - No Authority - Referred to DOD IL.09-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: None Indicated IL.09-2 Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: None Indicated Radiological Survey(s): None Indicated

56

Galveston Island and erosion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GALVESTON ISLAND AND EROSION A Thesis by JIM MASON BOLLETER Approved as to styIe and content by: . R. Benton (Chairman of Com sttee) Rooert E. Randa (Member) hris opher . Mathewson (Member) Dona d M1cDona d (Head of Department) May 1985... of the seawal 1, a reduced longshore sediment supply from the Mississippi River and, possibly, accelerated sea-level rise. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This thesis is the end result of a study funded by the Sea Grant College Program of the National Dceanic...

Bolleter, Jim Mason

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

57

Islands in the landscape  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The string theory landscape consists of many metastable de Sitter vacua, populated by eternal inflation. Tunneling between these vacua gives rise to a dynamical system, which asymptotically settles down to an equilibrium state. We investigate the effects of sinks to anti-de Sitter space, and show how their existence can change probabilities in the landscape. Sinks can disturb the thermal occupation numbers that would otherwise exist in the landscape and may cause regions that were previously in thermal contact to be divided into separate, thermally isolated islands.

T. Clifton; Andrei Linde; Navin Sivanandam

2007-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

58

Stability of an hexagonal array of coherently strained conical islands against Ostwald ripening  

SciTech Connect

We present a linear stability analysis of an hexagonal array of coherently strained islands against the exchange of material between islands. Surprisingly, ultra-dense arrays are found to be metastable due to the short-range stabilizing effect of elastic interactions which overcome the destabilizing contribution of surface energy. Mean-field simulations are used to investigate the ripening kinetics of local volume defects in arrays which are found to equilibrate through island volume oscillations. Simulations of global perturbations directly verify the existence of the metastable regime and confirm the nature of the most unstable mode as derived from the stability analysis for sub-critical island coverage.

Shchukin, V.A. [Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik, Technische Universitaet Berlin, D-10623 Berlin (Germany)]. E-mail: shchukin@sol.physik.tu-berlin.de; Bimberg, D. [Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik, Technische Universitaet Berlin, D-10623 Berlin (Germany); Munt, T.P. [Department of Physics, School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS (United Kingdom); Jesson, D.E. [School of Physics, Monash University, Vic. 3800 (Australia)]. E-mail: david.jesson@sci.monash.edu.au

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Thematic Review Conservation of Biodiversity on Islands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thematic Review Conservation of Biodiversity on Islands: The contribution of the United Kingdom............................................................................................. 11 3. THE BIODIVERSITY OF ISLANDS INVOLVED WITH DI PROJECTS ........................................................................................... 49 6. THE DARWIN INITIATIVE'S CONTRIBUTION TO THE CBD'S ISLAND BIODIVERSITY PROGRAMME OF WORK

60

Techno-economic analysis of a hybrid mini-grid system for Fiji islands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Renewable energy technologies can help mitigate the twin problems mentioned above significantly as there are abundant natural resources like solar, wind, biomass and small hydro in most of the islands. The disper...

Sandeep Lal; Atul Raturi

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island ga natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Shoreline Management at Padre Island National Seashore: An Investigation of Angler Relationships to the Beach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Park management at Padre Island National Seashore (PAIS) actively continues to modify the General Management Plan to maintain the safety of the increasing numbers of visitors and protect natural resources. When changes conflict with anglers' current...

Aldrich, Chelsea L.

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

62

Evolution of Life on Pacific Islands and Reefs: Past, Present, and Future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's marine biodiversity. The islands are rich in plants and animals, most of which occur nowhere else American Museum of Natural History, Center for Biodiversity and Conservation and Department

Mathis, Wayne N.

63

Small-Scale Solar Grants (Rhode Island)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Rhode Island Economic Development Corporation (RIEDC) provides incentives for renewable-energy projects. Incentive programs are funded by the Rhode Island Renewable Energy Fund (RIREF) and...

64

Hainan Green Islands Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Green Islands Power Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hainan Green Islands Power Place: Hainan Province, China Sector: Solar Product: China-based JV developing on-grid solar...

65

Bainbridge Island Data Dashboard | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Data Dashboard Bainbridge Island Data Dashboard The data dashboard for Bainbridge Island, a partner in the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Neighborhood Program....

66

Island Wide Management Corporation  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

9 1986 9 1986 Island Wide Management Corporation 3000 Marcus Avenue Lake Success, New York 11042 Dear Sir or Madam: I am sending you this letter and the enclosed information as you have been identified by L. I. Trinin of Glick Construction Company as the representatives of the owners of the property that was formerly the site of the Sylvania-Corning Nuclear Corporation in Bayside, New York. The Department of Energy is evaluating the radiological condition of sites that were utilized under the Manhattan Engineer District and/or the Atomic Energy Commission in the early years of nuclear energy development to determine whether they need remedial action and whether the Department has authority to perform such action. As you may know, the former Sylvania-Corning Corporation Bayside site was identified as one such site.

67

Assessment of hydrokinetic energy near Rose Dhu Island, Georgia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The presented study reports on numerical simulations of flows in tidal channels near Rose Dhu Island GA which is used to identify hotspots of hydrokinetic energy and to assess the tidal stream energy potential at this site. The numerical simulations are complemented with field measurements of local currentvelocities and water surface heights which are used to validate the simulations. Both velocity distributions and water surface heights as predicted by the numerical model are in good agreement with observed data. The simulations reveal a tidal asymmetry in the encompassing Ogeechee estuary with the ebb tidecurrents dominating over the floodtide ones. The model is able to successfully predict the distribution of discharge into the smaller creeks around Rose Dhu Island and thereby capturing the location of local hotspots of hydrokinetic energy. It is found that local hotspots do exist near the island and the analysis suggests the maximum available annual power of 4.75?MW with a peak estimated extraction surpassing 4?KW during Spring tides.

Sandeep Bomminayuni; Brittany Bruder; Thorsten Stoesser; Kevin Haas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

EIS-0006: Wind Turbine Generator System, Block Island, Rhode Island  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Department of Energy prepared this EIS to evaluate the environmental impacts of installing and operating a large experimental wind turbine, designated the MOD-OA, which is proposed to be installed on a knoll in Rhode Island's New Meadow Hill Swamp, integrated with the adjacent Block Island Power Company power plant and operated to supply electricity to the existing utility network.

69

Interconnection Guidelines (Rhode Island) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnection Guidelines (Rhode Island) Interconnection Guidelines (Rhode Island) Interconnection Guidelines (Rhode Island) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Rhode Island Program Type Interconnection Provider Rhode Island Public Utilities Commission Rhode Island enacted legislation (HB 6222) in June 2011 to standardize the application process for the interconnection of customer-sited renewable-energy systems to the state's distribution grid. Rhode Island's interconnection policy is not nearly as comprehensive as

70

Rhode Island/Geothermal | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rhode Island Rhode Island Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Rhode Island Geothermal General Regulatory Roadmap Geothermal Power Projects Under Development in Rhode Island No geothermal projects listed. Add a geothermal project. Operational Geothermal Power Plants in Rhode Island No geothermal power plants listed. Add a geothermal energy generation facility. Geothermal Areas in Rhode Island No areas listed. GRR-logo.png Geothermal Regulatory Roadmap for Rhode Island Overview Flowchart The flowcharts listed below were developed as part of the Geothermal Regulatory Roadmap project. The flowcharts cover the major requirements for developing geothermal energy, including, land access, exploration and drilling, plant construction and operation, transmission siting, water

71

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Information  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Rhode Island Rhode Island Information to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Information on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Information on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Information on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Information on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Information on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Information on AddThis.com... Rhode Island Information This state page compiles information related to alternative fuels and advanced vehicles in Rhode Island and includes new incentives and laws, alternative fueling station locations, truck stop electrification sites, fuel prices, and local points of contact.

72

Monhegan Island | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Monhegan Island Monhegan Island Jump to: navigation, search Name Monhegan Island Facility Monhegan Island Sector Wind energy Facility Type Offshore Wind Facility Status Proposed Owner Maine State Dept of Conservation Developer DeepCWind Consortium Location Atlantic Ocean ME Coordinates 43.713°, -69.317° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.713,"lon":-69.317,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

73

Carribean Islands | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carribean Islands Carribean Islands Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors, for Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. Source NREL Date Released January 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Carribean Islands Central America GEF GHI GIS Mexico NREL solar SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 370.6 KiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 244 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

74

Chikurachki volcano (Kurile Islands, Russia)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chikurachki volcano (Kurile Islands, Russia) the unique volcano with frequent basaltic plinian-Kamchatsky, Russia #12;#12;Historical eruptions of Chikurachki Year 1853-59 1958 1961 1964 1973 1986 2002 Column

Belousov, Alexander

75

Long Island | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Long Island Long Island Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 79, and contains only the reference case. The data is broken down into electric power sector, cumulative planned additions,cumulative unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO EIA Electric Power Long Island projections Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - Northeast Power Coordinating Council / Long Island- Reference Case (xls, 258.6 KiB)

76

Composition and Interface Analysis of InGaN/GaN Multiquantum...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Analysis of InGaNGaN Multiquantum-Wells on GaN Substrates Using Atom Probe Tomography. Composition and Interface Analysis of InGaNGaN Multiquantum-Wells on GaN...

77

Concentrations of radionuclides in reef and lagoon pelagic fish from the Marshall Islands  

SciTech Connect

A radiological survey was conducted from September through November of 1978 to assess the concentrations of persistent man-made radionuclides in the terrestrial and marine environments of 11 atolls and 2 islands of the Northern Marshall Islands. The atolls and islands include Rongelap, Utirik, Taka, Bikar, Rongerik, Ailinginae, Likiep, Jemo, Ailuk, Mejet, Wotho, Ujelang and Bikini. Over 4000 terrestrial and marine samples were collected for radionuclide analysis from 76 different islands. Soils, vegetation, indigenous animals, and cistern and groundwater were collected from the islands. Reef fish, pelagic species, clams, lagoon water, and sediments were obtained from the lagoons. A report is given of all available concentration data for /sup 137/Cs, /sup 90/Sr, /sup 239+240/Pu, /sup 238/Pu, /sup 241/Am as well as naturally occurring /sup 40/K and other gamma emitting radionuclides in tissues and organs of different species of fish collected from the atolls.

Noshkin, V.E.; Eagle, R.J.; Wong, K.M.; Jokela, T.A.; Brunk, J.L.; Marsh, K.V.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

GaN High Power Devices  

SciTech Connect

A brief review is given of recent progress in fabrication of high voltage GaN and AlGaN rectifiers, GaN/AlGaN heterojunction bipolar transistors, GaN heterostructure and metal-oxide semiconductor field effect transistors. Improvements in epitaxial layer quality and in fabrication techniques have led to significant advances in device performance.

PEARTON,S.J.; REN,F.; ZHANG,A.P.; DANG,G.; CAO,X.A.; LEE,K.P.; CHO,H.; GILA,B.P.; JOHNSON,J.W.; MONIER,C.; ABERNATHY,C.R.; HAN,JUNG; BACA,ALBERT G.; CHYI,J.-I.; LEE,C.-M.; NEE,T.-E.; CHUO,C.-C.; CHI,G.C.; CHU,S.N.G.

2000-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

79

US Virgin Islands-Energy Development in Island Nations (EDIN) Pilot Project  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

US Virgin Islands-Energy Development in Island Nations (EDIN) Pilot Project US Virgin Islands-Energy Development in Island Nations (EDIN) Pilot Project Jump to: navigation, search Logo: US Virgin Islands-Energy Development in Island Nations (EDIN) Pilot Project Name US Virgin Islands-Energy Development in Island Nations (EDIN) Pilot Project Agency/Company /Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory, United States Department of Energy Partner EDIN Initiative Partners Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning Website http://www.edinenergy.org/usvi Country US Virgin Islands Latin America and the Caribbean References National Renewable Energy Laboratory, EERE Supported International Activities FY 2009 Annual Operating Plan (August 25, 2009 Abstract The purpose of the EDIN pilot is to have a meaningful impact in a short duration by developing clean energy technologies, policies, and financing mechanisms for the pilot island with projects whose elements can be repeated on other islands.

80

Long Island STEM Hub Summit  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Questionnaire Questionnaire Event Information pulldown Registered Attendees Directions to Event Campus Map (pdf) Local Weather Visiting Brookhaven Disclaimer Event Date December 6, 2011 Event Location SUNY Farmingdale State College 2350 Broadhollow Road Farmingdale, NY 11735-1021 USA Roosevelt Hall Directions | Campus Map (pdf) Event Coordinator Ken White Bus: 631-344-7171 Fax: 631-344-5832 Email: stemhub@bnl.gov Long Island STEM Hub Summit Join us for the Launch of the Long Island Regional STEM Hub Motivation The LI Regional STEM Hub, one of ten forming in the Empire State STEM Learning Network, will focus on preparing students for the Long Island workforce through enhanced science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) experiences for students and teachers. Academic relevance will serve as the major theme by making it easy for

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island ga natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Natural Gas | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

May 23, 2013 May 23, 2013 Secretary Moniz on Natural Gas and Renewables May 17, 2013 Energy Department Authorizes Second Proposed Facility to Export Liquefied Natural Gas Freeport LNG Terminal on Quintana Island, Texas Authorized to Export Liquefied Natural Gas to Non-Free Trade Agreement Countries May 17, 2013 FE DOCKET NO. 10-161-LNG ORDER CONDITIONALLY GRANTING LONG-TERM MULTI-CONTRACT AUTHORIZATION TO EXPORT LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS BY VESSEL FROM THE FREEPORT LNG TERMINAL ON QUINTANA ISLAND, TEXAS TO NON-FREE TRADE AGREEMENT NATIONS April 24, 2013 The new hybrid solar-natural gas system from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) works through concentrating solar power, which uses a reflecting surface to concentrate the sun's rays like a magnifying glass. In the case of the new system from PNNL, a mirrored parabolic dish directs sunbeams to a central point, where a device absorbs the solar heat to make syngas.| Photo courtesy of PNNL.

82

Category:Savannah, GA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Savannah, GA Savannah, GA Jump to: navigation, search Go Back to PV Economics By Location Media in category "Savannah, GA" The following 16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. SVFullServiceRestaurant Savannah GA Georgia Power Co.png SVFullServiceRestauran... 80 KB SVHospital Savannah GA Georgia Power Co.png SVHospital Savannah GA... 80 KB SVLargeHotel Savannah GA Georgia Power Co.png SVLargeHotel Savannah ... 75 KB SVLargeOffice Savannah GA Georgia Power Co.png SVLargeOffice Savannah... 82 KB SVMediumOffice Savannah GA Georgia Power Co.png SVMediumOffice Savanna... 85 KB SVMidriseApartment Savannah GA Georgia Power Co.png SVMidriseApartment Sav... 80 KB SVOutPatient Savannah GA Georgia Power Co.png SVOutPatient Savannah ... 84 KB SVPrimarySchool Savannah GA Georgia Power Co.png

83

Category:Atlanta, GA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GA GA Jump to: navigation, search Go Back to PV Economics By Location Media in category "Atlanta, GA" The following 16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. SVFullServiceRestaurant Atlanta GA Georgia Power Co.png SVFullServiceRestauran... 81 KB SVHospital Atlanta GA Georgia Power Co.png SVHospital Atlanta GA ... 81 KB SVLargeHotel Atlanta GA Georgia Power Co.png SVLargeHotel Atlanta G... 74 KB SVLargeOffice Atlanta GA Georgia Power Co.png SVLargeOffice Atlanta ... 82 KB SVMediumOffice Atlanta GA Georgia Power Co.png SVMediumOffice Atlanta... 84 KB SVMidriseApartment Atlanta GA Georgia Power Co.png SVMidriseApartment Atl... 82 KB SVOutPatient Atlanta GA Georgia Power Co.png SVOutPatient Atlanta G... 83 KB SVPrimarySchool Atlanta GA Georgia Power Co.png SVPrimarySchool Atlant...

84

GA SNC Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GA SNC Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name: GA-SNC Solar Place: Nevada Sector: Solar Product: Nevada-based PV project developer and joint venture of GA-Solar North America and...

85

Energy Department Helps Advance Island Clean Energy Goals (Fact...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Department Helps Advance Island Clean Energy Goals U.S. Virgin Islands Signs Solar Deal Worth 65 Million Like many islands around the world, the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI) is...

86

Coastal mesoscale changes on Matagorda Island  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the coastal geomorphology of Matagorda Island. Based on the statistical and morphometric analysis of the coastal landforms, the island was divided into three distinct sub-environments: an erosional eastern zone, a transitional mixed zone, and a depositional...

Lariscy, Kevin William

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

REAP Islanded Grid Wind Power Conference  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Hosted by Renewable Energy Alaska Project, this three-day conference will show attendees how to learn, network, and share information on wind systems in island and islanded grid environments...

88

U.S. Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Mexico  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

International Falls, MN Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Havre, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT North Troy, VT LNG Imports into Cameron, LA LNG Imports into Cove Point, MD LNG Imports into Elba Island, GA LNG Imports into Everett, MA LNG Imports into Freeport, TX LNG Imports into Golden Pass, TX LNG Imports into Gulf Gateway, LA LNG Imports into Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports into Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports into Neptune Deepwater Port LNG Imports into Northeast Gateway LNG Imports into Sabine Pass, LA U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Australia Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Brunei Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea Elba Island, GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Qatar Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Neptune Deepwater Port Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Neptune Deepwater Port Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Lake Charles, LA Period: Monthly Annual

89

Peralkaline acid tendencies in Gran Canaria (Canary Islands)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The study of a volcanic series from the island of Gran Canaria (Canary Islands) in which alkaline and...

Vicente Araña; Eduardo R. Badiola…

90

Late Quaternary pollen records from Easter Island  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... , K. The Mystery of Easter Island: The Story of an Expedition 165–199 (Sifton, Praed, London, 1919).

J. R. Flenley; Sarah M. King

1984-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

91

Bainbridge Island Summary of Reported Data  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Summary of data for Bainbridge Island, a partner in the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Neighborhood Program.

92

Southern California Channel Islands Bibliography, through 1992  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pollution San Nicolas Island Atmospheric Sciences/Meteorology/Nuclear Science/Radioactivity/Atmospheric Sciences/Radioactivity/Radioactive Wastes/pollution/

Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Long Island Solar Farm Project Overview  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Island Solar Farm Island Solar Farm Project Overview The Long Island Solar Farm (LISF) is a 32-megawatt solar photovoltaic power plant built through a collaboration including BP Solar, the Long Island Power Authority (LIPA), and the Department of Energy. The LISF, located on the Brookhaven National Laboratory site, began delivering power to the LIPA grid in November 2011, and is currently the largest solar photovoltaic power plant in the Eastern United States. It is generating enough renewable

94

The evolution of Ga and As core levels in the formation of Fe/GaAs (001):A high resolution soft x-ray photoelectron spectroscopic study  

SciTech Connect

A high resolution soft x-ray photoelectron spectroscopic study of Ga and As 3d core levels has been conducted for Fe/GaAs (001) as a function of Fe thickness. This work has provided unambiguous evidence of substrate disrupting chemical reactions induced by the Fe overlayer--a quantitative analysis of the acquired spectra indicates significantly differing behavior of Ga and As during Fe growth, and our observations have been compared with existing theoretical models. Our results demonstrate that the outdiffusing Ga and As remain largely confined to the interface region, forming a thin intermixed layer. Whereas at low coverages Fe has little influence on the underlying GaAs substrate, the onset of substrate disruption when the Fe thickness reaches 3.5 Angstrom results in major changes in the energy distribution curves (EDCs) of both As and Ga 3d cores. Our quantitative analysis suggests the presence of two additional As environments of metallic character: one bound to the interfacial region and another which, as confirmed by in situ oxidation experiments, surface segregates and persists over a wide range of overlayer thickness. Analysis of the corresponding Ga 3d EDCs found not two, but three additional environments--also metallic in nature. Two of the three are interface resident whereas the third undergoes outdiffusion at low Fe coverages. Based on the variations of the integrated intensities of each component, we present a schematic of the proposed chemical makeup of the Fe/GaAs (001) system.

Thompson, Jamie; Neal, James; Shen, Tiehan; Morton, Simon; Tobin, James; Waddill, George Dan; Matthew, Jim; Greig, Denis; Hopkinson, Mark

2008-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

95

Energy Transition Initiative: Islands Playbook  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The Island Energy Playbook provides an action-oriented guide to successfully initiating, planning, and completing a transition to an energy system that primarily relies on local resources to eliminate a dependence on one or two imported fuels. It is intended to serve as a readily available framework that any community can adapt to organize its own energy transition effort.

96

Beta decay of Ga-62  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report a study of the beta decay of Ga-62, whose dominant branch is a superallowed 0(+)-->0(+) transition to the ground state of Zn-62. We find the total half-life to be 115.84+/-0.25 ms. This is the first time that the Ga-62 half-life has been...

Hyman, BC; Iacob, VE; Azhari, A.; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Hardy, John C.; Mayes, VE; Neilson, RG; Sanchez-Vega, M.; Tang, X.; Trache, L.; Tribble, Robert E.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

National Park Service- San Miguel Island, California  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

San Miguel Island is one of five islands that make up Channel Islands National Park on the coast of southern California. The islands comprise 249,353 acres (100,910 hectares) of land and ocean that teems with terrestrial and marine life. The National Park Service (NPS) protects the pristine resources at Channel Islands National Park by conserving, recycling, using alternative fuel vehicles, applying renewable energy, and using resources wisely. It also seeks to replace conventional fuels with renewable energy wherever possible. This applies especially to diesel fuel and petroleum, which must be shipped in from the mainland to generate electricity.

98

Fox Islands Wind Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fox Islands Wind Project Fox Islands Wind Project Facility Fox Islands Wind Project Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Fox Islands Electric Cooperative Developer Fox Islands Electric Cooperative Energy Purchaser Fox Islands Electric Cooperative Location Vinalhaven Island ME Coordinates 44.088391°, -68.857802° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.088391,"lon":-68.857802,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

99

MWRA Deer Island Wind | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MWRA Deer Island Wind MWRA Deer Island Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name MWRA Deer Island Wind Facility MWRA Deer Island Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner MWRA Deer Island Energy Purchaser MWRA Deer Island Location Deer Island MA Coordinates 42.346751°, -70.957006° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.346751,"lon":-70.957006,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

100

Magnetic island evolution in hot ion plasmas  

SciTech Connect

Effects of finite ion temperature on magnetic island evolution are studied by means of numerical simulations of a reduced set of two-fluid equations which include ion as well as electron diamagnetism in slab geometry. The polarization current is found to be almost an order of magnitude larger in hot than in cold ion plasmas, due to the strong shear of ion velocity around the separatrix of the magnetic islands. As a function of the island width, the propagation speed decreases from the electron drift velocity (for islands thinner than the Larmor radius) to values close to the guiding-center velocity (for islands of order 10 times the Larmor radius). In the latter regime, the polarization current is destabilizing (i.e., it drives magnetic island growth). This is in contrast to cold ion plasmas, where the polarization current is generally found to have a healing effect on freely propagating magnetic island.

Ishizawa, A.; Nakajima, N. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292 (Japan); Waelbroeck, F. L.; Fitzpatrick, R.; Horton, W. [Institute for Fusion Studies, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island ga natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

TWP Island Cloud Trail Studies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pacific Island Cloud Trail Studies Pacific Island Cloud Trail Studies W. M. Porch Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, New Mexico S. Winiecki University of Chicago Chicago, Illinois Introduction Images and surface temperature measurements from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Multi- spectral Thermal Imaging (MTI) satellite are combined with geostationary meteorological satellite (GMS) images during 2000 and 2001 to better understand cloud trail formation characteristics from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) site. Figure 1 shows a comparison on two consecutive days in December 2000. The day for which a cloud trail developed was more moist and cooler at the altitude the cloud developed (about 600 m) and there was very little

102

The Long Island Solar Farm  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This technical report provides an in-depth look at the one SunShot Initiative success story, the Long Island Solar Farm project, which is a utility-scale solar array located at Brookhaven National Laboratory in Eastern Long Island, New York. Three aspects of this project make it remarkable: first, it is the largest utility-scale solar power plant in the Eastern United States; second, it is a commercial project built on federally administered public lands; and third, the project was very unlikely to have started in the first place. It is a valuable resource for solar energy research, which will greatly inform large-scale PV solar development in the East.

103

GaAs, AlGaAs and InGaP Tunnel Junctions for Multi-Junction Solar Cells Under Concentration: Resistance Study  

SciTech Connect

The following four TJ designs, AlGaAs/AlGaAs, GaAs/GaAs, AlGaAs/InGaP and AlGaAs/GaAs are studied to determine minimum doping concentration to achieve a resistance of <10{sup -4} {omega}{center_dot}cm{sup 2} and a peak tunneling current suitable for MJ solar cells up to 1500-suns concentration (operating current of 21 A/cm{sup 2}). Experimentally calibrated numerical models are used to determine how the resistance changes as a function of doping concentration. The AlGaAs/GaAs TJ design is determined to require the least doping concentration to achieve the specified resistance and peak tunneling current, followed by the GaAs/GaAs, and AlGaAs/AlGaAs TJ designs. The AlGaAs/InGaP TJ design can only achieve resistances >5x10{sup -4} {omega}cm{sup 2}.

Wheeldon, Jeffrey F.; Valdivia, Christopher E.; Walker, Alex; Kolhatkar, Gitanja; Hall, Trevor J.; Hinzer, Karin [Centre for Research in Photonics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON (Canada); Masson, Denis; Riel, Bruno; Fafard, Simon [Cyrium Technologies Inc., Ottawa, ON (Canada); Jaouad, Abdelatif; Turala, Artur; Ares, Richard; Aimez, Vincent [Centre de Recherche en Nanofabrication et en Nanocaracterisation CRN2, Universite de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC (Canada)

2010-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

104

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline System - Northeast Region  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Northeast Region Northeast Region About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Natural Gas Pipelines in the Northeast Region Overview | Domestic Gas | Canadian Imports | Regional Pipeline Companies & Links Overview Twenty interstate natural gas pipeline systems operate within the Northeast Region (Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Virginia, and West Virginia). These interstate pipelines deliver natural gas to several intrastate natural gas pipelines and at least 50 local distribution companies in the region. In addition, they also serve large industrial concerns and, increasingly, natural gas fired electric power generation facilities.

105

Rhode Island Natural Gas % of Total Residential - Sales (Percent)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2002 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2003 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2004 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2005 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2006 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2007 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2008 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2009 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

106

Rhode Island Natural Gas Industrial Consumption (Million Cubic Feet)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2001 382 444 601 437 443 474 553 565 550 606 468 604 2002 122 149 283 367 306 359 379 481 502 578 588 342 2003 550 448 438 396 309 462 239 278 284 249 445 354 2004 649 651 584 511 321 451 329 332 382 322 648 350 2005 573 587 605 736 417 423 397 389 368 457 436 503 2006 472 485 598 560 533 536 559 449 606 461 642 496 2007 591 514 588 606 628 385 546 603 327 605 654 660 2008 429 630 491 895 705 470 420 704 473 749 480 328 2009 651 651 708 721 540 725 580 590 492 669 635 778 2010 964 747 735 624 588 568 544 556 537 651 685 835 2011 752 725 781 665 554 551 509 563 549 584 696 533

107

Rhode Island Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers (Million  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2001 3,422 3,534 4,521 3,613 5,102 4,790 5,482 6,056 5,945 5,793 4,362 5,797 2002 5,753 4,458 3,904 3,575 3,920 4,095 4,617 4,444 4,282 3,985 5,812 5,121 2003 3,879 4,020 4,001 1,997 1,848 3,167 4,808 4,397 3,931 3,356 3,882 2,724 2004 3,264 2,652 1,896 2,316 3,763 3,842 3,174 3,864 2,516 2,312 3,179 3,181 2005 2,862 2,953 2,483 3,586 3,821 4,611 4,807 4,964 3,729 3,765 3,101 3,231 2006 3,153 2,496 2,376 1,840 3,537 3,934 5,664 4,426 4,347 5,415 2,975 2,871 2007 3,726 4,014 2,752 3,177 3,514 3,376 5,743 6,326 5,379 4,792 3,504 5,093 2008 4,888 3,652 3,459 5,405 3,502 5,135 5,684 4,745 4,365 4,804 3,337 4,006

108

,"Rhode Island Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Rhode...

109

Rhode Island Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Connecticut Delaware Georgia Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Jersey New...

110

Natural Gas Delivered to Consumers in Rhode Island (Including...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 116,871 130,415 117,758 2000's 88,124 95,326 87,472 78,074 72,301 80,070 76,401 87,150 88,391...

111

RECIPIENT:Gwinnett Co, GA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Gwinnett Co, GA Gwinnett Co, GA u.s DEPARUIENT OFENllRGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NllPA DETERl\JINATION PROJECr TITLE: Gwinnett Co, GA EEC8G Page I or2 STATE: GA Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procu~ment Instrument Number N[PA Control Number CID Number DE-EEOOOOS05.005 0 Based on my review ortbe information concerning tbe proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 4SI.IA), I bave made the following determination: ex, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: 8 5.1 Actions to conserve energy, demonstrate potential energy conservation, and promote energy-efficiency that do not increase the indoor concentrations of potentially harmful substances. These actions may involve financial and technical assistance to individuals (such as builders, owners, consultants, designers), organizations (such as utilities), and state

112

Novel GaAs Devices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As the dimensions of GaAs devices shrink, the effective electron velocity should increase, leading to a shorter transit time and to a ballistic or near-ballistic mode of operation (see Chapter 2). At the same ...

Michael Shur

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Long Island Solar Farm | Brookhaven National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Long Island Solar Farm Long Island Solar Farm Project Overview The Long Island Solar Farm (LISF) is a 32-megawatt solar photovoltaic power plant built through a collaboration including BP Solar, the Long Island Power Authority (LIPA), and the Department of Energy. The LISF, located on the Brookhaven National Laboratory site, began delivering power to the LIPA grid in November 2011, and is currently the largest solar photovoltaic power plant in the Eastern United States. It is generating enough renewable energy to power approximately 4,500 homes, and is helping New York State meet its clean energy and carbon reduction goals. Project Developer/Owner/Operator: Long Island Solar Farm, LLC (BP Solar & MetLife) Purchaser of Power: Long Island Power Authority (LIPA) purchases 100

114

Rhode Island | Building Energy Codes Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rhode Island Rhode Island Last updated on 2013-11-05 Current News 2012 IECC adopted July 1, 2013 Commercial Residential Code Change Current Code 2012 IECC Amendments / Additional State Code Information The Rhode Island commercial code is the 2012 IECC with reference to ASHRAE 90.1-2010. Approved Compliance Tools Can use COMcheck State Specific Research Impacts of ASHRAE 90.1-2007 for Commercial Buildings in the State of Rhode Island (BECP Report, Sept. 2009) Approximate Energy Efficiency Equivalent to 2012 IECC Effective Date 07/01/2013 Adoption Date 07/01/2013 Code Enforcement Mandatory DOE Determination ASHRAE 90.1-2007: Yes ASHRAE 90.1-2010: Yes Rhode Island DOE Determination Letter, May 31, 2013 Rhode Island State Certification of Commercial and Residential Building Energy Codes

115

Fire Island Wind Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Island Wind Project Island Wind Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Fire Island Wind Project Facility Fire Island Wind Project Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner CIRI Developer Fire Island Wind LLC Energy Purchaser Chugach Location Fire Island AK Coordinates 61.144146°, -150.217652° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":61.144146,"lon":-150.217652,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

116

Case Closed on Nauru Island Effect  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Closed on Nauru Island Effect Closed on Nauru Island Effect For original submission and image(s), see ARM Research Highlights http://www.arm.gov/science/highlights/ Research Highlight The tiny 4-kilometer-by-6-kilometer island of Nauru is isolated in the equatorial Pacific Ocean with naught but a few small scattered islands for thousands of kilometers around. Thus, the ARM measurements made there are intended to represent the larger surrounding oceanic area. But decades of phosphate mining have left large barren karst fields as the predominant land surface over most of the center of the island, making it much more susceptible to solar heating than typical tropical vegetated surfaces. During the Nauru99 campaign, small cumulus clouds were observed at times forming over the center of the island, advecting over the ARM site

117

A signature for turbulence driven magnetic islands  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the properties of magnetic islands arising from tearing instabilities that are driven by an interchange turbulence. We find that such islands possess a specific signature that permits an identification of their origin. We demonstrate that the persistence of a small scale turbulence maintains a mean pressure profile, whose characteristics makes it possible to discriminate between turbulence driven islands from those arising due to an unfavourable plasma current density gradient. We also find that the island poloidal turnover time, in the steady state, is independent of the levels of the interchange and tearing energy sources. Finally, we show that a mixing length approach is adequate to make theoretical predictions concerning island flattening in the island rotation frame.

Agullo, O.; Muraglia, M.; Benkadda, S. [Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS, PIIM, UMR 7345 Marseille (France); France-Japan Magnetic Fusion Laboratory, LIA 336 CNRS, Marseille (France); Poyé, A. [Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, CEA, CELIA (Centre Lasers Intenses et Applications), UMR 5107, F-33405 Talence (France); Yagi, M. [Plasma Theory and Simulation Gr., JAEA, Rokkasho (Japan); Garbet, X. [IRFM, CEA, St-Paul-Lez-Durance 13108 (France); Sen, A. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428 (India)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

118

Two-fluid magnetic island dynamics in slab geometry: I -Isolated islands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that there be zero net electromagnetic force acting on the island. Finally, the ion polarization current correction determination of the island phase-velocity, and the calculation of the ion and electron fluid flow profiles

Fitzpatrick, Richard

119

Three Mile Island: then and now  

SciTech Connect

A review of the Three Mile Island Unit 2 accident is presented. Current activities to clean up the reactor are described.

Trauger, D.B.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Falkland Islands: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

nlineLabel":"","visitedicon":"" Country Profile Name Falkland Islands Population 2,932 GDP Unavailable Energy Consumption Quadrillion Btu 2-letter ISO code FK 3-letter ISO code...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island ga natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Nauru Island Effect Detection Data Set  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

During Nauru99 it was noted that the island was producing small clouds that advected over the ARM site. The Nauru Island Effect Study was run for 1.5 years and the methodology developed to detect the occurrence. Nauru ACRF downwelling SW, wind direction, and air temperature data are used, along with downwelling SW data from Licor radiometers located on the southern end of the island near the airport landing strip. A statistical analysis and comparison of data from the two locations is used to detect the likely occurrence of an island influence on the Nauru ACRF site data

Long, Chuck

122

Energy Transition Initiative: Islands Playbook (Book) | OSTI...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Energy Transition Initiative: Islands Playbook (Book) Re-direct Destination: Temp Data Fields Not Available Temp Data Storage 3: National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL),...

123

Characterisation of Ga-coated and Ga-brazed aluminium  

SciTech Connect

This work is devoted to the brazing of aluminium using liquid gallium. Gallium was deposited on aluminium samples at {approx} 50 Degree-Sign C using a liquid gallium 'polishing' technique. Brazing was undertaken for 30 min at 500 Degree-Sign C in air. EDS (Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy) and AES (Auger Electron Spectroscopy) characterisation of Ga-coated samples has shown that the Ga surface layer thickness is of ten (or a few tens of) nanometres. Furthermore, aluminium oxide layer (Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}) was shown to be 'descaled' during Ga deposition, which ensures good conditions for further brazing. Cross-section examination of Ga-coated samples shows that liquid gallium penetrates into the aluminium grain boundaries during deposition. The thickness of the grain boundary gallium film was measured using an original EDS technique and is found to be of a few tens of nanometres. The depth of gallium grain boundary penetration is about 300 {mu}m at the deposition temperature. The fracture stress of the brazed joints was measured from tensile tests and was determined to be 33 MPa. Cross-section examination of brazed joints shows that gallium has fully dissolved into the bulk and that the joint is really autogenous. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Aluminium can be brazed using liquid gallium deposited by a 'polishing' technique. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The aluminium oxide layer is 'descaled' during liquid Ga 'polishing' deposition. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer EDS can be used for determination of surface and grain boundary Ga film thickness. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The surface and grain boundary Ga film thickness is of a few tens of nm. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Surface and grain boundary gallium dissolves in the bulk during brazing.

Ferchaud, E. [Universite de Nantes, Polytech'Nantes, Laboratoire Genie des Materiaux et Procedes Associes, Rue Christian Pauc, 44306 Nantes Cedex 3 (France); Christien, F., E-mail: frederic.christien@univ-nantes.fr [Universite de Nantes, Polytech'Nantes, Laboratoire Genie des Materiaux et Procedes Associes, Rue Christian Pauc, 44306 Nantes Cedex 3 (France); Barnier, V. [Ecole Nationale Superieure des Mines, MPI, CNRS UMR5146, Centre SMS, 158 Cours Fauriel, 42023 Saint Etienne (France); Paillard, P. [Universite de Nantes, Polytech'Nantes, Laboratoire Genie des Materiaux et Procedes Associes, Rue Christian Pauc, 44306 Nantes Cedex 3 (France)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

124

Magneto-optics of the spatially separated electron and hole layers in GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs coupled quantum wells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on the magneto-optical study of the spatially separated electron and hole layers in GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs coupled quantum wells at low temperatures T>~50 mK and high magnetic fields B<~16 T. At high magnetic fields cusps are observed in the energy and intensity of the indirect (interwell) exciton photoluminescence. We tentatively attribute these to the commensurability effects of the magnetoexciton with island structures in the sample. The indirect exciton lifetime is found to increase with magnetic field. The increase is attributed to the reduction of indirect exciton localization area caused by the increase of the magnetoexciton mass. The indirect exciton photoluminescence energy is found to enhance with density, which reflects the net repulsive interaction between indirect excitons.

L. V. Butov, A. A. Shashkin, V. T. Dolgopolov, K. L. Campman, and A. C. Gossard

1999-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

125

Intense terahertz emission from molecular beam epitaxy-grown GaAs/GaSb(001)  

SciTech Connect

Intense terahertz (THz) electromagnetic wave emission was observed in undoped GaAs thin films deposited on (100) n-GaSb substrates via molecular beam epitaxy. GaAs/n-GaSb heterostructures were found to be viable THz sources having signal amplitude 75% that of bulk p-InAs. The GaAs films were grown by interruption method during the growth initiation and using various metamorphic buffer layers. Reciprocal space maps revealed that the GaAs epilayers are tensile relaxed. Defects at the i-GaAs/n-GaSb interface were confirmed by scanning electron microscope images. Band calculations were performed to infer the depletion region and electric field at the i-GaAs/n-GaSb and the air-GaAs interfaces. However, the resulting band calculations were found to be insufficient to explain the THz emission. The enhanced THz emission is currently attributed to a piezoelectric field induced by incoherent strain and defects.

Sadia, Cyril P.; Laganapan, Aleena Maria; Agatha Tumanguil, Mae; Estacio, Elmer; Somintac, Armando; Salvador, Arnel [National Institute of Physics, University of the Philippines Diliman, Quezon City 1101 (Philippines); Que, Christopher T. [Physics Department, De La Salle University, 2401 Taft Avenue, Manila 1004 (Philippines); Yamamoto, Kohji; Tani, Masahiko [Research Center for Development of Far-Infrared Region, University of Fukui, Fukui 910-8507 (Japan)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

126

Contradiction and grammar : the case of weak islands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is about weak islands. Weak islands are contexts that are transparent to some but not all operator-variable dependencies. For this reason, they are also sometimes called selective islands. Some paradigmatic ...

Abrusán, Márta

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Lattice-engineered Si{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x}-buffer on Si(001) for GaP integration  

SciTech Connect

We report a detailed structure and defect characterization study on gallium phosphide (GaP) layers integrated on silicon (Si) (001) via silicon-germanium (SiGe) buffer layers. The presented approach uses an almost fully relaxed SiGe buffer heterostructure of only 400?nm thickness whose in-plane lattice constant is matched to GaP—not at room but at GaP deposition temperature. Single crystalline, pseudomorphic 270?nm thick GaP is successfully grown by metalorganic chemical vapour deposition on a 400?nm Si{sub 0.85}Ge{sub 0.15}/Si(001) heterosystem, but carries a 0.08% tensile strain after cooling down to room temperature due to the bigger thermal expansion coefficient of GaP with respect to Si. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) studies confirm the absence of misfit dislocations in the pseudomorphic GaP film but growth defects (e.g., stacking faults, microtwins, etc.) especially at the GaP/SiGe interface region are detected. We interpret these growth defects as a residue of the initial 3D island coalescence phase of the GaP film on the SiGe buffer. TEM-energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy studies reveal that these defects are often correlated with stoichiometric inhomogeneities in the GaP film. Time-of-flight Secondary ion mass spectrometry detects sharp heterointerfaces between GaP and SiGe films with a minor level of Ga diffusion into the SiGe buffer.

Skibitzki, Oliver, E-mail: skibitzki@ihp-microelectronics.com; Zaumseil, Peter; Yamamoto, Yuji; Andreas Schubert, Markus [IHP, Im Technologiepark 25, 15236 Frankfurt (Oder) (Germany); Paszuk, Agnieszka; Hannappel, Thomas [Technische Universität Ilmenau, Gustav-Kirchhoff-Str. 5, 98693 Ilmenau (Germany); Hatami, Fariba; Ted Masselink, W. [Institut für Physik, Humboldt Universität zu Berlin, Newtonstrasse 15, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Trampert, Achim [Paul Drude Institut für Festkörperelektronik, Hausvogteiplatz 5-7, 10117 Berlin (Germany); Tillack, Bernd [IHP, Im Technologiepark 25, 15236 Frankfurt (Oder) (Germany); Technische Universität Berlin, HFT4, Einsteinufer 25, 10587 Berlin (Germany); Schroeder, Thomas [IHP, Im Technologiepark 25, 15236 Frankfurt (Oder) (Germany); Brandenburgische Technische Universität, Konrad-Zuse Str. 1, 03046 Cottbus (Germany)

2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

128

Microsoft Word - rhode_island.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Rhode Island Rhode Island NERC Region(s) ....................................................................................................... NPCC Primary Energy Source........................................................................................... Gas Net Summer Capacity (megawatts) ....................................................................... 1,782 49 Electric Utilities ...................................................................................................... 7 50 Independent Power Producers & Combined Heat and Power ................................ 1,775 37 Net Generation (megawatthours) ........................................................................... 7,738,719 47

129

Mass Wasting in the Western Galapagos Islands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. RESULTS .............................................................................................................. 12 3.1 Cerro Azul Region ........................................................................................ 20 3.2 Le Cumbre... of the western Galapagos Islands ......................................................................... 7 3 Map of the Galapagos Islands with locations of Figures 4-33 ................... 11 4 Cerro Azul sidescan sonar data interpreted...

Hall, Hillary

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

130

Biofuel Feedstock Inter-Island Transportation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biofuel Feedstock Inter-Island Transportation Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Office agency thereof. #12;A Comparison of Hawaii's Inter-Island Maritime Transportation of Solid Versus Liquid of Honolulu Advertiser ISO Tank Container, courtesy of Hawaii Intermodal Tank Transport Petroleum products

131

Marine Algae of the Solomon Islands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

10 September 1970 research-article Marine Algae of the Solomon Islands H. B. S. Womersley A. Bailey An account is given of the benthic marine algae (and sea grasses) collected on the 1965 Royal Society Expedition to the Solomon Islands...

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

YOU ARE CORDIALLY INVITED 2011 Long Island  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and success of the green industry on Long Island. Thanks to Fred Soviero, this year's Leader's Forum, country sausage, seasoned potatoes, coffee, tea, and assorted fruit juices. Following breakfast, the two, and announcements to New York's green industry. Thanks to the Friends of Long Island Horticulture and the NSLGA

Danforth, Bryan Nicholas

133

Island-finding ability of marine turtles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the equatorial Atlantic. To test the hypothesis that turtles use wind-borne cues to locate Ascension Island we back to the island. These find- ings strongly support the hypothesis that wind-borne cues are used that hatch- ling loggerhead turtles (Caretta caretta) have the ability to perceive the inclination

Hays, Graeme

134

New GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs, Triple-Bandgap, Tandem Solar Cell for High-Efficiency Terrestrial Concentrator Systems  

SciTech Connect

GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs three-junction cells are grown in an inverted configuration on GaAs, allowing high quality growth of the lattice matched GaInP and GaAs layers before a grade is used for the 1-eV GaInAs layer. Using this approach an efficiency of 37.9% was demonstrated.

Kurtz, S.; Wanlass, M.; Kramer, C.; Young, M.; Geisz, J.; Ward, S.; Duda, A.; Moriarty, T.; Carapella, J.; Ahrenkiel, P.; Emery. K.; Jones, K.; Romero, M.; Kibbler, A.; Olson, J.; Friedman, D.; McMahon, W.; Ptak, A.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Oscillatory behavior of the agglomeration rate in island copper films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The post-deposition dc electrical-resistance increase of island copper films deposited on glass substrates at room temperature and at a pressure of 2×10-5 torr is studied. Films in the resistance range 10–95 M?/? were studied under different conditions to ascertain the role of residual gases and substrate-surface contaminants on the agglomeration rate. Mobility coalescence of small islands of Cu giving rise to an agglomerated film structure is assumed to explain the post-deposition resistance increase. It was found that the logarithm of the normalized resistance [ln(R/R0); R0 is the initial resistance of the film at a time t=0] varies linearly as the logarithm of the time elapsed after the cessation of deposition. The constant of proportionality in the above relationship, termed the agglomeration rate m, shows an interesting oscillatory dependence on the initial resistance of the film and the condition of study. Nearly all the maxima and minima of m for two of the conditions studied in detail as a function of the initial resistance occur at about the same initial resistance values with the films having almost the same structure at these points. An argument is put forward based on the oscillatory nature of the effective tunneling barrier as a function of the island size to explain this unusual behavior. It is found that the presence of a thin film of water vapor on the substrate surface impedes the agglomeration rate to a great extent while the presence of adsorbed O2 and N2 decreases the energy for surface migration of islands of copper thereby increasing the agglomeration rate.

V. Damodara Das and M. S. Murali Sastry

1986-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

136

High Efficiency Large Area AlGaAs/GaAs Concentrator Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A 1-kWp ( peak at 100 mw/cm2 incident power dencity ) concentrating photovoltaic array with 180 square Presnel plastic lenses and AlGaAs/GaAs concentrator solar cells has been constructed. The AlGaAs/GaAs concetr...

S. Yoshida; K. Mitsui; T. Oda; Y. Yukimoto…

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

GaSb/GaAs type II quantum dot solar cells for enhanced infrared spectral response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GaSb/GaAs type II quantum dot solar cells for enhanced infrared spectral response R. B Technology Materials, University of New Mexico, 1313 Goddard SE, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87106 Received 27 infrared spectral response of GaAs-based solar cells that incorporate type II GaSb quantum dots QDs formed

Jalali. Bahram

138

Self-aligned AlGaN/GaN transistors for sub-mm wave applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes work done towards realizing self-aligned AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs). Self-aligned transistors are important for improving the frequency of AlGaN/GaN HEMTs by reducing source ...

Saadat, Omair I

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Plasmonic nanoparticle enhanced photocurrent in GaN/InGaN/GaN quantum well solar cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Plasmonic nanoparticle enhanced photocurrent in GaN/InGaN/GaN quantum well solar cells Imogen M of Applied Physics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA 2 Semiconductor Nanoscience Institute, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA Received 26

Atwater, Harry

140

Bristol, Rhode Island: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

County, Rhode Island.1 Registered Energy Companies in Bristol, Rhode Island Ocean Wave Energy Company OWECO References US Census Bureau Incorporated place and minor...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island ga natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Power Plant Options Report for Thompson Island prepared by the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

....................................................................... 2 2.2. Thompson Island electric load.......................................................................... 4 2.3. Thompson Island heating load....................................................................... 7 3. Grid-connected and Autonomous Renewable Power Systems ................................ 9 3

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

142

Newby Island I Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Island I Biomass Facility Facility Newby Island I Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Santa Clara County, California Coordinates 37.2938907, -121.7195459...

143

Newby Island II Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Island II Biomass Facility Facility Newby Island II Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Santa Clara County, California Coordinates 37.2938907, -121.7195459...

144

Bainbridge Island Summary of Reported Data | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Summary of Reported Data Bainbridge Island Summary of Reported Data Summary of data for Bainbridge Island, a partner in the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings...

145

Anatahan, Northern Mariana Islands- Reconnaissance Geological Observations  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Anatahan, Northern Mariana Islands- Reconnaissance Geological Observations Anatahan, Northern Mariana Islands- Reconnaissance Geological Observations During And After The Volcanic Crisis Of Spring 1990, And Monitoring Prior To The May 2003 Eruption Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Anatahan, Northern Mariana Islands- Reconnaissance Geological Observations During And After The Volcanic Crisis Of Spring 1990, And Monitoring Prior To The May 2003 Eruption Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Anatahan island is 9.5 km east-west by 3.5 km north-south and truncated by an elongate caldera 5 km east-west by 2.5 km north-south. A steep-walled pit crater ~1 km across and ~200 m deep occupies the eastern part of the caldera. The island is the summit region of a mostly submarine stratovolcano. The oldest subaerial rocks (stage 1) are exposed low on the

146

Living on Long Island | Brookhaven National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Careers at Brookhaven Careers at Brookhaven Home For Job Seekers Job List Life at Brookhaven Benefits Family Programs Recreation & Fitness Why Brookhaven? For New Hires For Employees Living on Long Island Stretching 118 miles from end to end and measuring no more than 20 miles at its widest point, Long Island was aptly named by Dutch traders who circum-navigated it in the early 1600s. Those early Dutchmen discovered what the native Indians had known for centuries: The temperate climate, the bountiful seas and the fertile land made Long Island a most hospitable home. Local Area Information Long Island Schools Parks Beaches Wineries New York City Today, Brookhaven National Laboratory sits in the geographical center of Long Island. To the west, New York City boasts Broadway shows, museums,

147

Paving materials for heat island mitigation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Paving materials for heat island mitigation Paving materials for heat island mitigation Title Paving materials for heat island mitigation Publication Type Report Year of Publication 1997 Authors Pomerantz, Melvin, Hashem Akbari, Allan Chen, Haider Taha, and Arthur H. Rosenfeld Keywords Cool Pavements, Heat Island Abstract This report summarizes paving materials suitable for urban streets, driveways, parking lots and walkways. The authors evaluate materials for their abilities to reflect sunlight, which will reduce their temperatures. This in turn reduces the excess air temperature of cities (the heat island effect). The report presents the compositions of the materials, their suitability for particular applications, and their approximate costs (in 1996). Both new and resurfacing are described. They conclude that, although light-colored materials may be more expensive than conventional black materials, a thin layer of light-colored pavement may produce energy savings and smog reductions whose long-term worth is greater than the extra cost.

148

Block Island Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Block Island Wind Farm Block Island Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Block Island Wind Farm Facility Block Island Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status Proposed Developer Deepwater Wind Location Offshore from Block Island RI Coordinates 41.1°, -71.53° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.1,"lon":-71.53,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

149

Ge atom distribution in buried dome islands  

SciTech Connect

Laser-assisted atom probe tomography microscopy is used to provide direct and quantitative compositional measurements of tri-dimensional Ge distribution in Ge dome islands buried by Si. Sub-nanometer spatial resolution 3D imaging shows that islands keep their facets after deposition of the Si cap, and that the island/substrate/Si cap interfaces are abrupt. The core of the domes contains 55% of Ge, while the island shell exhibits a constant composition of 15% of Ge. The {l_brace}113{r_brace} facets of the islands present a Ge enrichment up to 35%. The wetting layer composition is not homogeneous, varying from 9.5% to 30% of Ge.

Portavoce, A.; Berbezier, I.; Ronda, A.; Mangelinck, D. [CNRS, IM2NP, Case 142, 13397 Marseille Cedex 20 (France); Hoummada, K. [Aix-Marseille Universite, IM2NP, Case 142, 13397 Marseille Cedex 20 (France)

2012-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

150

GaAs–based quantum cascade lasers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...N. Murdin GaAs-based quantum cascade lasers Sirtori H. Page C. Becker...state-of-the-art of GaAs-based quantum cascade lasers. These new light sources...2000.0739 GaAs-based quantum cascade lasers By C. Sirtori, H. Page...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Northern Mariana Islands: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mariana Islands: Energy Resources Mariana Islands: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Northern Mariana Islands 2-letter ISO code MP 3-letter ISO code MNP Numeric ISO code 580 Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 4041468 Advanced Economy[1] No References CIA World Factbook, Appendix D[2] Wikipedia[3] Geonames[4] This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. The Northern Mariana Islands is a commonwealth in political union with the United States of America. Energy Incentives for Northern Mariana Islands N. Mariana Islands - Building Energy Code (N. Mariana Islands) N. Mariana Islands - Energy Star Rebate Program (N. Mariana Islands) N. Mariana Islands - Renewables Portfolio Standard (N. Mariana Islands) References ↑ IMF World Economic Outlook Database April 2009 -- WEO Groups and

152

Effect of buffer structures on AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistor reliability  

SciTech Connect

AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) with three different types of buffer layers, including a GaN/AlGaN composite layer, or 1 or 2 lm GaN thick layers, were fabricated and their reliability compared. The HEMTs with the thick GaN buffer layer showed the lowest critical voltage (Vcri) during off-state drain step-stress, but this was increased by around 50% and 100% for devices with the composite AlGaN/GaN buffer layers or thinner GaN buffers, respectively. The Voff - state for HEMTs with thin GaN and composite buffers were 100 V, however, this degraded to 50 60V for devices with thick GaN buffers due to the difference in peak electric field near the gate edge. A similar trend was observed in the isolation breakdown voltage measurements, with the highest Viso achieved based on thin GaN or composite buffer designs (600 700 V), while a much smaller Viso of 200V was measured on HEMTs with the thick GaN buffer layers. These results demonstrate the strong influence of buffer structure and defect density on AlGaN/GaN HEMT performance and reliability.

Liu, L. [University of Florida, Gainesville; Xi, Y. Y. [University of Florida, Gainesville; Ren, F. [University of Florida; Pearton, S. J. [University of Florida; Laboutin, O. [Kopin Corporation, Taunton, MA; Cao, Yu [Kopin Corporation, Taunton, MA; Johnson, Wayne J. [Kopin Corporation, Taunton, MA; Kravchenko, Ivan I [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Bimodal Island Size Distribution in Heteroepitaxial Growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A bimodal size distribution of two-dimensional islands is inferred during interface formation in heteroepitaxial growth of bismuth ferrite on (001) oriented SrTiO3 by sputter deposition. Features observed by in situ x-ray scattering are explained by a model where coalescence of islands determines the growth kinetics with negligible surface diffusion on SrTiO3. Small clusters maintain a compact shape as they coalesce, while clusters beyond a critical size impinge to form large irregular connected islands and a population of smaller clusters forms in the spaces between the larger ones.

P.?V. Chinta and R.?L. Headrick

2014-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

154

Juvenile marine fishes of Harbor Island, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(December, 1977) Robert Eugene Bonin, B. S. , Heidelberg College Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. Thomas Bright A one-year study was made of juvenile marine fishes in the shallow water grass flats of Harbor Island, Texas. Samples were taken at each... the flats of llarbor Island . 91 vi 1 1 LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE PME Location of Harbor Island Location of collection sites. Beam trawl used in study. Seasonal changes in average salinity on the flats 17 Seasonal changes in average water temperature...

Bonin, Robert Eugene

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

155

Emergently Thermalized Islands in the Landscape  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this note, we point out that in the eternal inflation driven by the metastable vacua of the landscape, it might be possible that some large and local quantum fluctuations with the null energy condition violation can stride over the barriers between different vacua and straightly create some islands with radiation and matter in new vacua. Then these thermalized islands will evolve with the standard cosmology. We show that such islands may be consistent with our observable universe, while has some distinctly observable signals, which may be tested in coming observations.

Yun-Song Piao

2008-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

156

Coulomb excitation of 73Ga  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The B(E2; Ii -> If) values for transitions in 71Ga and 73Ga were deduced from a Coulomb excitation experiment at the safe energy of 2.95 MeV/nucleon using post-accelerated beams of 71,73Ga at the REX-ISOLDE on-line isotope mass separator facility. The emitted gamma rays were detected by the MINIBALL-detector array and B(E2; Ii->If) values were obtained from the yields normalized to the known strength of the 2+ -> 0+ transition in the 120Sn target. The comparison of these new results with the data of less neutron-rich gallium isotopes shows a shift of the E2 collectivity towards lower excitation energy when adding neutrons beyond N = 40. This supports conclusions from previous studies of the gallium isotopes which indicated a structural change in this isotopical chain between N = 40 and N = 42. Combined with recent measurements from collinear laser spectroscopy showing a 1/2- spin and parity for the ground state, the extracted results revealed evidence for a 1/2-; 3/2- doublet near the ground state in 73 31Ga42 differing by at most 0.8 keV in energy.

J. Diriken; I. Stefanescu; D. Balabanski; N. Blasi; A. Blazhev; N. Bree; J. Cederkäll; T. E. Cocolios; T. Davinson; J. Eberth; A. Ekström; D. V. Fedorov; V. N. Fedosseev; L. M. Fraile; S. Franchoo; G. Georgiev; K. Gladnishki; M. Huyse; O. V. Ivanov; V. S. Ivanov; J. Iwanicki; J. Jolie; T. Konstantinopoulos; Th. Kröll; R. Krücken; U. Köster; A. Lagoyannis; G. Lo Bianco; P. Maierbeck; B. A. Marsh; P. Napiorkowski; N. Patronis; D. Pauwels; P. Reiter; M. Seliverstov; G. Sletten; J. Van de Walle; P. Van Duppen; D. Voulot; W. B. Walters; N. Warr; F. Wenander; K. Wrzosek

2010-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

157

U.S. Navy- San Clemente Island, California  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

San Clemente Island is one of the Channel Islands off the southern coast of California. The U.S. Navy owns the 21-mile long island, making it one of the Navy's largest real estate assets. The Navy uses the island for research, development, testing, evaluation, and training.

158

Charakterisierung und Präparation von GaN und Herstellung von In-Plane-Gate Transistoren in AlxGa1-xN/GaN Heterostrukturen.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Gegenstand der Arbeit sind GaN-Volumenmaterial und AlxGa1-xN/GaN HEMTs (high electron mobility transistor), welche ein zweidimensionales Elektronengas (2DEG) besitzen. Die Materialien wurden durch elektrische Messungen, insbesondere… (more)

Ebbers, André

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Definition: Automated Islanding And Reconnection | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Islanding And Reconnection Islanding And Reconnection Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Automated Islanding And Reconnection Automated Islanding and Reconnection Automated islanding and reconnection is achieved by automated separation and subsequent reconnection (autonomous synchronization) of an independently operated portion of the T&D system (i.e., microgrid) from the interconnected electric grid. A microgrid is an integrated energy system consisting of interconnected loads and distributed energy resources which, as an integrated system, can operate in parallel with the grid or as an island.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Islanding refers to the condition in which a distributed (DG) generator continues to power a location even though electrical grid power

160

Radiological-dose assessments of atolls in the northern Marshall Islands  

SciTech Connect

The Marshall Islands in the Equatorial Pacific, specifically Enewetak and Bikini Atolls, were the site of US nuclear testing from 1946 through 1958. In 1978, the Northern Marshall Islands Radiological Survey was conducted to evaluate the radiological conditions of two islands and ten atolls downwind of the proving grounds. The survey included aerial external gamma measurements and collection of soil, terrestrial, and marine samples for radionuclide analysis to determine the radiological dose from all exposure pathways. The methods and models used to estimate doses to a population in an environment where natural processes have acted on the source-term radionuclides for nearly 30 y, data bases developed for the models, and results of the radiological dose analyses are described.

Robison, W.L.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island ga natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Points of Contact  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Rhode Island Points of Rhode Island Points of Contact to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Points of Contact on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Points of Contact on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Points of Contact on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Points of Contact on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Points of Contact on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Points of Contact on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Rhode Island Points of Contact The following people or agencies can help you find more information about Rhode Island's clean transportation laws, incentives, and funding

162

Bluewater Wind Rhode Island | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rhode Island Rhode Island Jump to: navigation, search Name Bluewater Wind Rhode Island Facility Bluewater Wind Rhode Island Sector Wind energy Facility Type Offshore Wind Facility Status Proposed Owner NRG Bluewater Wind Developer NRG Bluewater Wind Location Atlantic Ocean RI Coordinates 41.357°, -71.152° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.357,"lon":-71.152,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

163

University of Rhode Island | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rhode Island Rhode Island Jump to: navigation, search Hydro | Hydrodynamic Testing Facilities Name University of Rhode Island Address Department of Ocean Engineering, Sheets Building, Bay Campus Place Narragansett, Rhode Island Zip 02882 Sector Hydro Phone number (401) 874-6139 Website http://www.oce.uri.edu/baycamp Coordinates 41.3983403°, -71.4893013° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.3983403,"lon":-71.4893013,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

164

Island Energy Solutions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Island Energy Solutions Island Energy Solutions Jump to: navigation, search Name Island Energy Solutions Place Kailua, Hawaii Zip 96734 Product Island Energy Solutions, Inc. is an electrical contracting company, based out of Kailua, Oahu, Hawaii. Coordinates 21.396572°, -157.740068° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":21.396572,"lon":-157.740068,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

165

Recovery Act State Memos Mariana Islands  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the the Northern Mariana Islands to play an important role in the new energy economy of the future. EXAMPLES OF NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS FORMULA GRANTS Program Award State Energy Program Weatherization Assistance Program Energy Efficiency Conservation Block Grants Energy Efficiency Appliance Rebate Program $18.7 million $29.4 million $9.6 million $0.1 million The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands has received $18.7 million in State Energy Program funds to invest in state- and territory- level energy efficiency and renewable energy priorities. The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands has received over $29.4 million in Weatherization Assistance Program funds to scale-up existing weatherization efforts in the

166

Community Redevelopment Case Study: Jekyll Island  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation—given at the April 2012 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting—features photos from a case study about Jekyll Island's community redevelopment project in Georgia.

167

Offshore Islands Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Current Catcher Wave Catcher This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleOffshoreIslandsLtd&oldid76931...

168

Faroe Islands: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

"inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":"" Country Profile Name Faroe Islands Population 48,351 GDP 2,450,000,000 Energy Consumption 0.01 Quadrillion Btu 2-letter ISO code FO 3-letter...

169

Energy Audits on Prince Edward Island  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High energy costs and uncertain supplies force industrial operators to seek out energy waste to keep costs down. The Enersave for Industry and Commerce program assists Prince Edward Island industries through an energy audit and grant program. A...

Hall, N. G.; Gillis, D.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

The Galápagos Perspective: Concerns about life on the Galápagos Islands from the perspective of residents of San Cristóbal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: History Tourism The most common types of tourism found on the island are Nature Tourism and Ecotourism. The sector of Ecotourism morphed from several divisions of the tourism industry into the entity we have today. The International Ecotourism Society... declares that ecotourism involves benefiting the local community, protecting nature, raising awareness of issues in the area, and involves tourists that hold themselves accountable for the actions socially and environmentally (Ecotourism 2012). Nature...

Golon, Danielle Kristin

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

171

Recovery Act State Memos Rhode Island  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rhode Island Rhode Island For questions about DOE's Recovery Act activities, please contact the DOE Recovery Act Clearinghouse: 1-888-DOE-RCVY (888-363-7289), Monday through Friday, 9 a.m. to 7 p.m. Eastern Time https://recoveryclearinghouse.energy.gov/contactUs.htm. All numbers and projects listed as of June 1, 2010 TABLE OF CONTENTS RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT................................................................................... 1 FUNDING ALLOCATION TABLE.............................................................................. 2 ENERGY EFFICIENCY ............................................................................................... 3 RENEWABLE ENERGY ............................................................................................. 4

172

Magnetism and transport properties of epitaxial Fe-Ga thin films on GaAs(001)  

SciTech Connect

Epitaxial Fe-Ga thin films in disordered bcc {alpha}-Fe crystal structure (A2) have been grown on GaAs(001) by molecular beam epitaxy. The saturated magnetization (M{sub S}) decreased from 1371 to 1105 kA/m with increasing Ga concentration from 10.5 to 24.3 % at room temperature. The lattice parameter increased with the increase in Ga content because of the larger atomic radius of Ga atom than that of Fe. The increase in carrier density with Ga content caused in lower resistivity.

Duong Anh Tuan; Shin, Yooleemi; Cho, Sunglae [Department of Physics, University of Ulsan, Ulsan 680-749 (Korea, Republic of); Dang Duc Dung [Department of Physics, University of Ulsan, Ulsan 680-749 (Korea, Republic of); Department of General Physics, School of Engineering Physics, Ha Noi University of Science and Technology, 1 Dai Co Viet road, Ha Noi (Viet Nam); Vo Thanh Son [Centers for Nanobioenineering and Spintronics, Chungnam National University, Daejon 350-746 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Island Dynamics in the Large-Helical-Device Plasmas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the Large Helical Device plasma discharges, the size of an externally imposed island with mode number ( n/m=1/1) decreases substantially when the plasma is collisionless ( ?*?0.1%) at the island location. For the collisional plasmas with finite beta, on the other hand, the size of the island increases. However, there is a threshold in terms of the vacuum island size below which the island enlargement is not seen.

N. Ohyabu et al.

2002-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

174

Block Island Power Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Block Island Power Co Block Island Power Co Jump to: navigation, search Name Block Island Power Co Place Rhode Island Utility Id 1857 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location NPCC NERC NPCC Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates Residential: $0.4450/kWh Commercial: $0.4670/kWh The following table contains monthly sales and revenue data for Block Island Power Co (Rhode Island). Month RES REV (THOUSAND $) RES SALES (MWH) RES CONS COM REV (THOUSAND $) COM SALES (MWH) COM CONS IND_REV (THOUSAND $) IND SALES (MWH) IND CONS OTH REV (THOUSAND $) OTH SALES (MWH) OTH CONS TOT REV (THOUSAND $) TOT SALES (MWH) TOT CONS

175

Absorber processing issues in high-efficiency, thin-film Cu(In,Ga)Se{sub 2}-based solar cells  

SciTech Connect

Three approaches to thin-film Cu(In,Ga)Se{sub 2} absorber fabrication are considered. They are generically described in terms of the sequential or concurrent nature of source material delivery, selenium delivery, and compound formation. A two-stage evaporation process successfully produced the absorber component of a world-record, 17.1{percent} efficient solar cell. Alternative approaches that reduce the requirements for high substrate temperatures are considered. The relationship between absorber process parameters, band gap profile, and device performance are examined. Engineering the [Ga]/([Ga]+[In]) profile in the absorber has led to the reported advances. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Tuttle, J.R.; Gabor, A.M.; Contreras, M.A.; Tennant, A.L.; Ramanathan, K.R.; Franz, A.; Matson, R.; Noufi, R. [National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Near zero energy islands in the Mediterranean: Supporting policies and local obstacles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Based on a recent technical–economical analysis on the island of Pantelleria, a policy feasibility study for a complete upgrading of the energy system of this Mediterranean Island is carried out. Pantelleria, situated between Sicily and Africa, owns a large potential in terms of renewable energy resources, although there are some obstacles in turning it into a Near Zero Energy system. Starting from a deep energy system audit, the study proposes the project for a near zero energy island, through the efficient transformation of the different existing natural energy resources into electrical energy and heat: the solar, the wind-based and the geothermal systems. In this way, the island can be turned into an almost autonomous system. The main difficulties connected to the implementation of the project can be identified in the national energy policies as well as in the specific local situation, characterized by a strong private monopole on generation and distribution of electrical energy which has no incentive for supporting the costs connected to the energy requalification of the island. On the other hand, the local administrations, involved in the project through bottom-up European policies, do not have the cultural and economic tools to go on with the implementation.

Eleonora Riva Sanseverino; Raffaella Riva Sanseverino; Salvatore Favuzza; Valentina Vaccaro

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Composition dependence of interband transition intensities in GaPN, GaAsN, and GaPAs alloys  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using large (512-atom) pseudopotential supercell calculations, we have investigated the composition dependence of the momentum matrix element Mv,c for transitions between the valence-band maximum and the conduction-band minimum of three semiconductor alloys:?GaP1-xNx and GaAs1-xNx, exhibiting large chemical and size differences between their alloyed elements, and GaP1-xAsx, which is a weakly perturbed alloy. In the composition ranges where these alloys have a direct band gap, we find that (i) in GaP1-xAsx, Mv,c is large (like the virtual-crystal value) and nearly composition independent; (ii) in GaAs1-xNx, Mv,c is strongly composition dependent: large for small x and small for large x; and (iii) in GaP1-xNx, Mv,c is only slightly composition dependent and is significantly reduced relative to the virtual-crystal value. The different behavior of GaP1-xAsx, GaP1-xNx, and GaAs1-xNx is traced to the existence/absence of impurity levels at the dilute alloy limits: (a) there are no gap-level impurity states at the x?1 or x?0 limits of GaP1-xAsx, (b) an isolated As impurity in GaN (GaN?:As) has a deep band gap impurity level but no deep impurity state is found for N in GaAs, and (c) GaN?:P exhibits a P-localized deep band-gap impurity state and GaP?:N has an N-localized resonant state. The existence of deep levels leads to wave-function localization in real space, thus to a spectral spread in momentum space and to a reduction of Mv,c. These impurity levels are facilitated by atomic relaxations, as evident by the fact that unrelaxed GaN?:As and GaN?:P, show no deep levels, have extended wave functions, and have large interband transition elements.

L. Bellaiche; Su-Huai Wei; Alex Zunger

1997-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

178

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Largest Natural Gas Pipeline Systems  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Interstate Pipelines Table Interstate Pipelines Table About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Thirty Largest U.S. Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline Systems, 2008 (Ranked by system capacity) Pipeline Name Market Regions Served Primary Supply Regions States in Which Pipeline Operates Transported in 2007 (million dekatherm)1 System Capacity (MMcf/d) 2 System Mileage Columbia Gas Transmission Co. Northeast Southwest, Appalachia DE, PA, MD, KY, NC, NJ, NY, OH, VA, WV 1,849 9,350 10,365 Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Co. Northeast, Southeast Southwest AL, GA, LA, MD, MS, NC, NY, SC, TX, VA, GM 2,670 8,466 10,450 Northern Natural Gas Co. Central, Midwest Southwest IA, IL, KS, NE, NM, OK, SD, TX, WI, GM 1,055 7,442 15,874 Texas Eastern Transmission Corp.

179

Snakes of the Lake ErieSnakes of the Lake Erie IslandsIslands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and were modified by human activities suchand were modified by human activities such as quarrying and farmingas quarrying and farming #12;Attempts were made to eradicate snakes from the islands #12;#12;...and;· Found throughout Ohio · Locally found in the quarries of Kelleys island and on the shoreline of Johnson

King, Richard B.

180

Near perfect solar absorption in ultra-thin-film GaAs photonic crystals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Near perfect solar absorption in ultra-thin-film GaAs photonic crystals Sergey Eyderman,*a Alexei Deinegaa and Sajeev Johnab We present designs that enable a significant increase of solar absorption­99.5% solar absorption is demonstrated depending on the photonic crystal architecture used and the nature

John, Sajeev

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island ga natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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181

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Rhode Island Laws and Rhode Island Laws and Incentives to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Rhode Island Laws and Incentives Listed below are incentives, laws, and regulations related to alternative

182

National Park Service - San Miguel Island, California | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

San Miguel Island, California San Miguel Island, California National Park Service - San Miguel Island, California October 7, 2013 - 10:00am Addthis Photo of Wind/Photovoltaic Power System at San Miguel Island San Miguel Island is one of five islands that make up Channel Islands National Park on the coast of southern California. The islands comprise 249,353 acres (100,910 hectares) of land and ocean that teems with terrestrial and marine life. The National Park Service (NPS) protects the pristine resources at Channel Islands National Park by conserving, recycling, using alternative fuel vehicles, applying renewable energy, and using resources wisely. It also seeks to replace conventional fuels with renewable energy wherever possible. This applies especially to diesel fuel and petroleum, which must

183

Princeton Plasma Physics Lab - General Atomics (GA)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

general-atomics-ga General general-atomics-ga General Atomics en The Scorpion's Strategy: "Catch and Subdue" http://www.pppl.gov/node/1132

American Fusion News Category: 
ga">General Atomics (GA)
184

Natural Gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

30 May 1974 research-article Natural Gas C. P. Coppack This paper reviews the world's existing natural gas reserves and future expectations, together with natural gas consumption in 1972, by main geographic...

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Rhode Island Stormwater Design and Installation Standards Manual (Rhode  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rhode Island Stormwater Design and Installation Standards Manual Rhode Island Stormwater Design and Installation Standards Manual (Rhode Island) Rhode Island Stormwater Design and Installation Standards Manual (Rhode Island) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Rhode Island Program Type Environmental Regulations

186

Community Redevelopment Case Study: Jekyll Island  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Community Redevelopment Community Redevelopment Case Study: Jekyll Island Jones Hooks, Executive Director Jekyll Island Authority April 12, 2012 Community & Neighborhood Development...  State and Local Programs  Stakeholders  Components  Agendas  Schedule  MONEY  Others... "Nothing Hard Is Ever Easy!" Island Visitation: Long steady decline since 1989 "We always go to Jekyll..." became "We used to go to Jekyll..." Loss of Georgia state association conventions Occupied Room Nights and Total JIA Amenity Revenue/Room Night: FY1988-2008 $- $5.00 $10.00 $15.00 $20.00 $25.00 $30.00 $35.00 $40.00 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Revenue/Room Night - 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000

187

Recovery Act State Memos Mariana Islands  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Florida Florida to play an important role in the new energy economy of the future. EXAMPLES OF NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS FORMULA GRANTS Program Award State Energy Program Weatherization Assistance Program Energy Efficiency Conservation Block Grants Energy Efficiency Appliance Rebate Program $18.7 million $0.8 million $9.6 million $0.1 million The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands has received $18.7 million in State Energy Program funds to invest in state- and territory-level energy efficiency and renewable energy priorities. The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands has received over $790,000 in Weatherization Assistance Program funds to scale-up existing weatherization efforts in the

188

Kauai Island Utility Cooperative | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Island Utility Cooperative Island Utility Cooperative Jump to: navigation, search Name Kauai Island Utility Cooperative Place Hawaii Utility Id 10071 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location HICC Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png D Residential Service Residential General Light and Power Service Schedule G Commercial General Light and Power Service Schedule J Commercial Large Power Secondary Schedule P Industrial Large Power Service Schedule L Industrial

189

GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs Monolithic Tandem Cells for High-Performance Solar Concentrators  

SciTech Connect

We present a new approach for ultra-high-performance tandem solar cells that involves inverted epitaxial growth and ultra-thin device processing. The additional degree of freedom afforded by the inverted design allows the monolithic integration of high-, and medium-bandgap, lattice-matched (LM) subcell materials with lower-bandgap, lattice-mismatched (LMM) materials in a tandem structure through the use of transparent compositionally graded layers. The current work concerns an inverted, series-connected, triple-bandgap, GaInP (LM, 1.87 eV)/GaAs (LM, 1.42 eV)/GaInAs (LMM, {approx}1 eV) device structure grown on a GaAs substrate. Ultra-thin tandem devices are fabricated by mounting the epiwafers to pre-metallized Si wafer handles and selectively removing the parent GaAs substrate. The resulting handle-mounted, ultra-thin tandem cells have a number of important advantages, including improved performance and potential reclamation/reuse of the parent substrate for epitaxial growth. Additionally, realistic performance modeling calculations suggest that terrestrial concentrator efficiencies in the range of 40-45% are possible with this new tandem cell approach. A laboratory-scale (0.24 cm2), prototype GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs tandem cell with a terrestrial concentrator efficiency of 37.9% at a low concentration ratio (10.1 suns) is described, which surpasses the previous world efficiency record of 37.3%.

Wanlass, M. W.; Ahrenkiel, S. P.; Albin, D. S.; Carapella, J. J.; Duda, A.; Emery, K.; Geisz, J. F.; Jones, K.; Kurtz, S.; Moriarty, T.; Romero, M. J.

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

A guidebook to alternative energy projects on American Samoa, The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, The Federated States of Micronesia, Guam, and The Republics of the Marshall Islands and Palau. [Contains bibliography  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this guidebook is to help transfer information concerning alternative energy projects that have been tried on the Pacific islands affiliated with the US. These islands include those in American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia (Kosrae, Pohnpei, Truk, and Yap), Guam, and the Republics of the Marshall Islands and Palau. Distances are long between islands and populations are sparse, making communication and the transfer of information particularly difficult. A project that works on American Samoa might be appropriate for Yap, but to get this information to the proper people on Yap in a reasonable period of time is extremely difficult. This book describes 100 alternative energy projects that have been tried on the islands since the mid-1970's. This description and record of what has been done to date should be a source of ideas for energy workers, reduce duplication of work, and help encourage successes by describing other successes and failures. Alternative energy projects are projects that use indigenous, renewable resources in order to reduce local dependency on imported petroleum for electricity or liquid fuels. The islands have an apparent abundance of natural resources for this purpose such as the sun, rivers, vegetation, the ocean, and wind; and, ideally, it should be relatively simple to convert these resources to electricity or fuel. However, there are problems unique to the remote, tropical Pacific that often appear insurmountable, and successes to date are the results of unusual persistence, hard work, and ingenuity of those on the islands. Projects are confined to those that actually develop or demonstrate hardware. These projects use the complete spectrum of alternative technologies such as biomass conversion, wind electric, solar water heating, photovoltaics, wind water pumping, hydroelectric, water desalination, and integrated systems. 381 refs., 85 figs.

Case, C.W.

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Recovery Act State Memos Virgin Islands  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Virgin Virgin Islands For questions about DOE's Recovery Act activities, please contact the DOE Recovery Act Clearinghouse: 1-888-DOE-RCVY (888-363-7289), Monday through Friday, 9 a.m. to 7 p.m. Eastern Time https://recoveryclearinghouse.energy.gov/contactUs.htm. All numbers and projects listed as of June 1, 2010 TABLE OF CONTENTS RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT................................................................................... 1 FUNDING ALLOCATION TABLE.............................................................................. 2 ENERGY EFFICIENCY ............................................................................................... 3 For total Recovery Act jobs numbers in the U.S. Virgin Islands go to www.recovery.gov

192

Cayman Islands: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cayman Islands: Energy Resources Cayman Islands: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":19.5,"lon":-80.66667,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

193

Rhode Island: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rhode Island: Energy Resources Rhode Island: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":6,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.5800945,"lon":-71.4774291,"alt":0,"address":"Rhode

194

Marshall Islands: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Marshall Islands: Energy Resources Marshall Islands: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":10,"lon":167,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

195

New methanol plant for Kharg Island  

SciTech Connect

Iran`s National Petrochemical Co. (NPC; Teheran) plans to set up a world scale export-oriented methanol plant on Kharg Island in the Persian Gulf. It says discussions are being held with three Western groups - C. Itoh (Tokyo), H & G (London), and Uhde (Dortmund) - to supply the 660,000-m.t./year facility. The estimated $150-million project would be repaid through export of methanol within three to four years. NPC hopes to conclude talks this year. Strategically located, Kharg Island is described as a good location in peacetime. It already serves as an oil terminal. NPC has an LPG and sulfur complex there.

Alperowicz, N.

1992-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

196

Solomon Islands: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solomon Islands: Energy Resources Solomon Islands: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-8,"lon":159,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

197

Structural and optical properties of InGaN–GaN nanowire heterostructures grown by molecular beam epitaxy  

InGaN/GaN nanowire (NW) heterostructures grown by plasma assisted molecular beam epitaxy were studied in comparison to their GaN and InGaN counterparts. The InGaN/GaN heterostructure NWs are composed of a GaN NW, a thin InGaN shell, and a multifaceted InGaN cap wrapping the top part of the GaN NW. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) images taken from different parts of a InGaN/GaN NW show a wurtzite structure of the GaN core and the epitaxial InGaN shell around it, while additional crystallographic domains are observed whithin the InGaN cap region. Large changes in the lattice parameter along the wire, from pure GaN to higher In concentration demonstrate the successful growth of a complex InGaN/GaN NW heterostructure. Photoluminescence (PL) spectra of these heterostructure NW ensembles show rather broad and intense emission peak at 2.1 eV. However, ?-PL spectra measured on single NWs reveal a reduced broadening of the visible luminescence. The analysis of the longitudinal optical phonon Raman peak position and its shape reveal a variation in the In content between 20% and 30%, in agreement with the values estimated by PL and HRTEM investigations. The reported studies are important for understanding of the growth and properties of NW heterostructures suitable for applications in optoelectronics and photovoltaics.

Limbach, F. [Institute of Bio- and Nanosystems (IBN-1), Research Centre Jülich GmbH and JARA-FIT Fundamentals of Future Information Technology (Germany); Gotschke, T. [Institute of Bio- and Nanosystems (IBN-1), Research Centre Jülich GmbH and JARA-FIT Fundamentals of Future Information Technology (Germany); Stoica, T. [Institute of Bio- and Nanosystems (IBN-1), Research Centre Jülich GmbH and JARA-FIT Fundamentals of Future Information Technology (Germany); Calarco, R. [Institute of Bio- and Nanosystems (IBN-1), Research Centre Jülich GmbH and JARA-FIT Fundamentals of Future Information Technology (Germany); Sutter, E. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Ciston, J. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Cusco, R. [Consell Superior d'Investigacions Cientifiques (CSIC), Barcelona (Spain); Artus, L. [Consell Superior d'Investigacions Cientifiques (CSIC), Barcelona (Spain); Kremling, S. [Univ. Wurzburg, Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen Research Centre Complex Matter Systems, Wurzburg (Germany); Hofling, S. [Univ. Wurzburg, Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen Research Centre Complex Matter Systems, Wurzburg (Germany); Worschech, L. [Univ. Wurzburg, Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen Research Centre Complex Matter Systems, Wurzburg (Germany); Grutzmacher, D. [Institute of Bio- and Nanosystems (IBN-1), Research Centre Jülich GmbH and JARA-FIT Fundamentals of Future Information Technology (Germany)

2011-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

198

Natural Gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... CHOOSING an awkward moment, Phillips Petroleum Exploration have announced a new find of natural ...naturalgas ...

1967-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

199

Energy Office Grant Helps the Virgin Islands Environmental Resource Station  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office Grant Helps the Virgin Islands Environmental Resource Office Grant Helps the Virgin Islands Environmental Resource Station Install Solar Panels, Improve Efficiency, and Cut Monthly Energy Use Nearly 30% (Fact Sheet), Energy Development in Island Nations, U.S. Virgin Islands (EDIN) Energy Office Grant Helps the Virgin Islands Environmental Resource Station Install Solar Panels, Improve Efficiency, and Cut Monthly Energy Use Nearly 30% (Fact Sheet), Energy Development in Island Nations, U.S. Virgin Islands (EDIN) This fact sheet highlights the energy challenges faced by the Virgin Islands Environmental Resource Station, the renewable energy and energy efficiency solutions implemented, the resulting energy efficiency savings, and other project benefits. 54376.pdf More Documents & Publications USVI Energy Road Map: Charting the Course to a Clean Energy Future

200

Virgin Islands Recovery Act State Memo | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Virgin Islands Recovery Act State Memo Virgin Islands Recovery Act State Memo Virgin Islands Recovery Act State Memo The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act( ARRA) is making a meaningful down payment on the nation's energy and environmental future. The Recovery Act investments in the U.S. Virgin Islands are supporting a broad range of clean energy projects from energy efficiency and the smart grid to solar power and biofuels. Through these investments, the U.S. Virgin Islands' businesses, universities, non-profits, and local governments are creating quality jobs today and positioning the U.S. Virgin Islands to play an important role in the new energy economy of the future. Virgin Islands Recovery Act State Memo More Documents & Publications Slide 1 MP_recovery_act_memo__updated.pdf Northern Mariana Islands

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island ga natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Rhode Island Renewable Energy Fund (RIREF) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rhode Island Renewable Energy Fund (RIREF) Rhode Island Renewable Energy Fund (RIREF) Rhode Island Renewable Energy Fund (RIREF) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Institutional Residential Utility Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Solar Heating Water Heating Wind Program Info State Rhode Island Program Type Public Benefits Fund Provider Rhode Island Economic Development Corporation Rhode Island's Public Utilities Restructuring Act of 1996 created the nation's first public benefits fund (PBF) for renewable energy and demand-side management (DSM). The Rhode Island Renewable Energy Fund's (RIREF) renewable-energy component is administered by the Rhode Island Economic Development Corporation (RIEDC), and the fund's demand-side

202

Constellation NewEnergy, Inc (Rhode Island) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rhode Island) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Constellation NewEnergy, Inc Place: Rhode Island References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File220101 EIA Form 861...

203

Community Economic Development Business Program (Prince Edward Island, Canada)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Community Economic Development Business (CEDB) program has been created as part of the Prince Edward Island Rural Action Plan to support local investment in innovative Prince Edward Island...

204

Islanded Grid Wind Power Conference | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Islanded Grid Wind Power Conference Islanded Grid Wind Power Conference March 4, 2015 8:00AM AKST to March 6, 2015 5:00PM AKST Alaska Pacific University 4101 University Drive...

205

NREL: News Feature - NREL Helping Virgin Islands Cut Fuel Use  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- 450 kWh per month compared to 900 kWh. Moving Renewables onto the Grid Virgin Islands Energy Reduction Plan U.S. Virgin Islands Gov. John P. de Jongh, Jr., and other...

206

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

to someone by E-mail to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Rhode Island Laws and Incentives Listed below are the summaries of all current Rhode Island laws, incentives, regulations, funding opportunities, and other initiatives

207

Violet to deep-ultraviolet InGaN/GaN and GaN/AlGaN quantum structures for UV electroabsorption modulators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

focused on the demonstration of ultraviolet UV optoelectronic devices. Such devices hold promise, material related problems complicate the growth of such optoelectronic devices oper- ating at short wavelengths. With the use of InGaN/GaN quantum structures, optoelectronic devices operating in vis- ible

Demir, Hilmi Volkan

208

University of Rhode Island inAdvance October 26, 2006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at the Rhode Island Community Food Bank. On December 3, the Southwest Florida Gators will get together

Rhode Island, University of

209

Tsunami response at Wake Island: azimuthal mode analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Committee: Dr. Andrew C. Vastano This is sn extension of previous studies (numerical and hydraulic) of the relative amplitude response at Wake Island associated with plane progressive incident waves of stipulated time history, whose spectrum includes... of the island, Van Dorn cautioned that the influence of Wake Island topography on the wave spectrum really remains unknown. In a later study of the same data, by Royer (1969), it was concluded that the island topography may modify waves of certain periods...

Creswell, Wiltie Austin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

210

US SoAtl GA Site Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

GA GA Site Consumption million Btu $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 US SoAtl GA Expenditures dollars ALL ENERGY average per household (excl. transportation) 0 4,000 8,000 12,000 16,000 US SoAtl GA Site Consumption kilowatthours $0 $300 $600 $900 $1,200 $1,500 $1,800 US SoAtl GA Expenditures dollars ELECTRICITY ONLY average per household * Site energy consumption (89.5 million Btu) and energy expenditures per household ($2,067) in Georgia are similar to the U.S. household averages. * Per household electricity consumption in Georgia is among the highest in the country, but similar to other states in the South. * Forty-five percent of homes in Georgia were built since 1990, a characteristic typically associated with lower per household consumption. Georgia homes,

211

US SoAtl GA Site Consumption  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

GA GA Site Consumption million Btu $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 US SoAtl GA Expenditures dollars ALL ENERGY average per household (excl. transportation) 0 4,000 8,000 12,000 16,000 US SoAtl GA Site Consumption kilowatthours $0 $300 $600 $900 $1,200 $1,500 $1,800 US SoAtl GA Expenditures dollars ELECTRICITY ONLY average per household * Site energy consumption (89.5 million Btu) and energy expenditures per household ($2,067) in Georgia are similar to the U.S. household averages. * Per household electricity consumption in Georgia is among the highest in the country, but similar to other states in the South. * Forty-five percent of homes in Georgia were built since 1990, a characteristic typically associated with lower per household consumption. Georgia homes,

212

Charge transfer in Fe-doped GaN: The role of the donor  

SciTech Connect

Several nitride-based device structures would benefit from the availability of high quality, large-area, freestanding semi-insulating GaN substrates. Due to the intrinsic n-type nature of GaN, however, the incorporation of compensating centers such as Fe is necessary to achieve the high resistivity required. We are using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) to explore charge transfer in 450 um thick GaN:Fe plates to understand the basic mechanisms related to compensation so that the material may be optimized for device applications. The results suggest that the simple model based on one shallow donor and a single Fe level is insufficient to describe compensation. Rather, the observation of the neutral donor and Fe3+ indicates that either the two species are spatially segregated or additional compensating and donor defects must be present.

Sunay, Ustun; Dashdorj, J.; Zvanut, M. E.; Harrison, J. G. [Department of Physics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1300 University Blvd., CH 310, Birmingham, Alabama 35294-1170 (United States); Leach, J. H.; Udwary, K. [Kyma Technologies, 8829 Midway West Rd., Raleigh, North Carolina 27617 (United States)

2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

213

Photoresponse of the FR3 electron-spin-resonance signal in GaAs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The photoresponse of the FR3 electron-spin-resonance (ESR) signal in GaAs has been studied. Excitation and quenching of the FR3 ESR is shown to result from the optically induced charge exchange between the FR3 center and the AsGa antisite. The FR3 ESR can be persistently excited with photons in the range 1.0 eVGa antisite. Conclusive evidence for the acceptor nature of the FR3 center is presented, the corresponding level lying between Ev+0.03 eV and Ev+0.52 eV.

U. Kaufmann; W. Wilkening; M. Baeumler

1987-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

214

Bridge-Node Selection and Loss Recovery in Island Multicast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bridge-Node Selection and Loss Recovery in Island Multicast W.-P. Ken Yiu K.-F. Simon Wong S.-H in their bridge-node selection. H multicast-capable domains (the so-called islands) while overlay connections are used to bridge islands

Chan, Shueng-Han Gary

215

Azania XLII 2007 East Africa, the Comoros Islands and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Azania XLII 2007 East Africa, the Comoros Islands and Madagascar before the sixteenth century interior and on outlying islands (Comoros, Madagascar) or were composed of lower classes in urban expansion and private enterprise. #12;16 East Africa, the Comoros Islands and Madagascar before

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

216

current encounters a large island (main islands of Palau) basin-scale currents are driven by winds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Summary · current encounters a large island (main islands of Palau) · basin-scale currents are driven by winds · strong boundary currents like Gulf Stream · Palau has a boundary current · current

Johnston, Shaun

217

Energy Transition Initiative: Islands Playbook (Book)  

SciTech Connect

The Island Energy Playbook (the Playbook) provides an action-oriented guide to successfully initiating, planning, and completing a transition to an energy system that primarily relies on local resources to eliminate a dependence on one or two imported fuels. It is intended to serve as a readily available framework that any community can adapt to organize its own energy transition effort.

Not Available

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Initiation of a passivated interface between hafnium oxide and In(Ga)As(0 0 1)-(4x2)  

SciTech Connect

Hafnium oxide interfaces were studied on two related group III rich semiconductor surfaces, InAs(0 0 1)-(4x2) and In{sub 0.53}Ga{sub 0.47}As(0 0 1)-(4x2), via two different methods: reactive oxidation of deposited Hf metal and electron beam deposition of HfO{sub 2}. The interfaces were investigated with scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy (STS). Single Hf atom chemisorption sites were identified that are resistant to oxidation by O{sub 2}, but Hf islands are reactive to O{sub 2}. After e{sup -} beam deposition of <<1 ML of HfO{sub 2}, single chemisorption sites were identified. At low coverage (<1 ML), the n-type and p-type HfO{sub 2}/InGaAs(0 0 1)-(4x2) interfaces show p-type character in STS, which is typical of clean InGaAs(0 0 1)-(4x2). After annealing below 200 deg. C, full coverage HfO{sub 2}/InGaAs(0 0 1)-(4x2) (1-3 ML) has the surface Fermi level shifted toward the conduction band minimum for n-type InGaAs, but near the valence band maximum for p-type InGaAs. This is consistent with the HfO{sub 2}/InGaAs(0 0 1)-(4x2) interface being at least partially unpinned, i.e., a low density of states in the band gap. The partially unpinned interface results from the modest strength of the bonding between HfO{sub 2} and InGaAs(0 0 1)-(4x2) that prevents substrate atom disruption. The fortuitous structure of HfO{sub 2} on InAs(0 0 1)-(4x2) and InGaAs(0 0 1)-(4x2) allows for the elimination of the partially filled dangling bonds on the surface, which are usually responsible for Fermi level pinning.

Clemens, Jonathon B.; Bishop, Sarah R.; Kummel, Andrew C. [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr., 0358, La Jolla, California 92093-0358 (United States); Lee, Joon Sung [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry/Materials Science and Engineering Program, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr., 0358, La Jolla, California 92093-0358 (United States); Droopad, Ravi [Department of Physics, Texas State University-San Marcos, San Marcos, Texas 78666 (United States)

2010-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

219

N. Mariana Islands - Renewables Portfolio Standard | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

N. Mariana Islands - Renewables Portfolio Standard N. Mariana Islands - Renewables Portfolio Standard N. Mariana Islands - Renewables Portfolio Standard < Back Eligibility Utility Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Wind Program Info Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standard The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands enacted its Renewables Portfolio Standard in September 2007, in which a certain percentage of its net electricity sales must come from renewable energy. Under the law, the Commonwealth Utilities Corporation (the Islands' only and semi-autonomous public utility provider) must meet the following benchmarks: * 10% of net electricity sales by December 31, 2008

220

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Natural Gas Regulation | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Natural Gas Regulation Natural Gas Regulation Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Natural Gas Regulation Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued by Natural Gas Regulation. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD October 14, 2011 CX-006821: Categorical Exclusion Determination ConocoPhillips Company CX(s) Applied: B5.7 Date: 10/14/2011 Location(s): Quintana Island, Texas Office(s): Fossil Energy, NNSA-Headquarters July 19, 2011 CX-006219: Categorical Exclusion Determination Freeport Liquefied Natural Gas Development, L.P. CX(s) Applied: B5.7 Date: 07/19/2011 Location(s): Freeport, Texas Office(s): Fossil Energy, Natural Gas Regulation January 19, 2011 CX-005025: Categorical Exclusion Determination Eni USA Gas Marketing, LLC CX(s) Applied: B5.7 Date: 01/19/2011 Location(s): Cameron Parish, Louisiana

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island ga natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Electron Transport in a Two-Dimensional Electron Gas at GaAs/AlGaAs Heterointerface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in condensed matters. Two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) at the GaAs/AlGaAs hetero-interface o ersThesis Electron Transport in a Two-Dimensional Electron Gas at GaAs/AlGaAs Heterointerface under of the art samples, the mean free path of electrons exceeds 10;4 m at low temperature. The achievement

Katsumoto, Shingo

222

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Biodiesel

223

Northern Mariana Islands - Search - U.S. Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Northern Mariana Islands Northern Mariana Islands Profile Northern Mariana Islands Northern Mariana Islands Profile Territory Profile and Energy Estimates Change State/Territory Choose a U.S. State or Territory United States Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming U.S. Territories American Samoa Guam Northern Mariana Islands Puerto Rico US Virgin Islands Overview Data State Profiles Economy Reserves & Supply Imports & Exports

224

Asian American Pacific Islander Heritage Month | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Asian American Pacific Islander Heritage Month Asian American Pacific Islander Heritage Month Asian American Pacific Islander Heritage Month May 1, 2013 11:45AM EDT to May 31, 2013 5:45PM EDT nationwide Generations of Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) have helped make America what it is today. Their histories recall bitter hardships and proud accomplishments -- from the laborers who connected our coasts one-and-a-half centuries ago, to the patriots who fought overseas while their families were interned at home, from those who endured the harsh conditions of Angel Island, to the innovators and entrepreneurs who are driving our Nation's economic growth in Silicon Valley and beyond. Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month offers us an opportunity to celebrate the vast contributions Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders have

225

Synthesis, morphology and optical properties of GaN and AlGaN semiconductor nanostructures  

SciTech Connect

Hexagonal Gallium Nitride (GaN) and Aluminum Gallium Nitride (AlGaN) nanoparticles were synthesized by sol-gel method using Ethylene Diamine Tetra Acetic acid (EDTA) complex route. Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) analysis confirms the hexagonal wurtzite structure of GaN and Al{sub 0.25}Ga{sub 0.75}N nanoparticles. Surface morphology and elemental analysis were carried out by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Energy Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). The room temperature Photoluminescence (PL) study shows the near band edge emission for GaN at 3.35 eV and at 3.59 eV for AlGaN nanoparticles. The Aluminum (Al) composition of 20% has been obtained from PL emission around 345 nm.

Kuppulingam, B., E-mail: drbaskar2009@gmail.com; Singh, Shubra, E-mail: drbaskar2009@gmail.com; Baskar, K., E-mail: drbaskar2009@gmail.com [Crystal Growth Centre, Anna University, Chennai-600025 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

226

Multi-bands photoconductive response in AlGaN/GaN multiple quantum wells  

SciTech Connect

Based on the optical transitions among the quantum-confined electronic states in the conduction band, we have fabricated multi-bands AlGaN/GaN quantum well infrared photodetectors. Crack-free AlGaN/GaN multiple quantum wells (MQWs) with atomically sharp interfaces have been achieved by inserting an AlN interlayer, which releases most of the tensile strain in the MQWs grown on the GaN underlayer. With significant reduction of dark current by using thick AlGaN barriers, photoconductive responses are demonstrated due to intersubband transition in multiple regions with center wavelengths of 1.3, 2.3, and 4??m, which shows potential applications on near infrared detection.

Chen, G.; Rong, X.; Xu, F. J.; Tang, N. [State Key Laboratory of Artificial Microstructure and Mesoscopic Physics, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Wang, X. Q., E-mail: wangshi@pku.edu.cn; Shen, B., E-mail: bshen@pku.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Artificial Microstructure and Mesoscopic Physics, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum Matter, Beijing (China); Fu, K.; Zhang, B. S. [Suzhou Institute of Nano-Tech and Nano-Bionics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ruoshui Road 398, 215123 Suzhou (China); Hashimoto, H.; Yoshikawa, A. [Center for SMART Green Innovation Research, Chiba University, 1-33 Yayoi-cho, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8522 (Japan); Ge, W. K. [Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100871 (China)

2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

227

Ohmic contacts to n-GaSb  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the semiconductor is measured during the deposition of the metal contact. In using method 1, the I-V characteristics is plotted. The thermionic emission theory predicts the current-voltage characteristics of Schottky diodes as [13]: J(rhcrmionic) = A" T' exp... of different work functions. This situation is also true for metal contacts to n-GaSb. Polyakov et al. [14] examined the Schottky diodes of Al, Au, In, Pd, Ga, and Sb on Te doped n-GaSb. They used the C-V measurements methods. They reported that barrier...

Yang, Zhengchong

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

228

Distributed Wind Case Study: Cross Island Farms, Wellesley Island, New York (Fact Sheet), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Distributed Wind Case Study: Cross Island Farms, Wellesley Island, New York Distributed Wind Case Study: Cross Island Farms, Wellesley Island, New York www.nrel.gov Baker and Belding installed a 10-kW Bergey Excel wind turbine in August 2011. Photo from Cross Island Farms, NREL/PIX 19923 Funding Summary * Total cost of wind turbine, including first developer: $82,000 * Total cost of wind turbine, excluding first developer: $73,000 * Total cost of solar: $40,000 * Propane generator: $8,000; including equipment, installation, and propane: $13,000 * USDA REAP grant: $20,506 (~25% of

229

Simplified 2DEG carrier concentration model for composite barrier AlGaN/GaN HEMT  

SciTech Connect

The self consistent solution of Schrodinger and Poisson equations is used along with the total charge depletion model and applied with a novel approach of composite AlGaN barrier based HEMT heterostructure. The solution leaded to a completely new analytical model for Fermi energy level vs. 2DEG carrier concentration. This was eventually used to demonstrate a new analytical model for the temperature dependent 2DEG carrier concentration in AlGaN/GaN HEMT.

Das, Palash, E-mail: d.palash@gmail.com; Biswas, Dhrubes, E-mail: d.palash@gmail.com [Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur - 721302, West Bengal (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

230

Ultra-high frequency photoconductivity decay in GaAs/Ge/GaAs double heterostructure grown by molecular beam epitaxy  

SciTech Connect

GaAs/Ge/GaAs double heterostructures (DHs) were grown in-situ using two separate molecular beam epitaxy chambers. High-resolution x-ray rocking curve demonstrates a high-quality GaAs/Ge/GaAs heterostructure by observing Pendelloesung oscillations. The kinetics of the carrier recombination in Ge/GaAs DHs were investigated using photoconductivity decay measurements by the incidence excitation from the front and back side of 15 nm GaAs/100 nm Ge/0.5 {mu}m GaAs/(100)GaAs substrate structure. High-minority carrier lifetimes of 1.06-1.17 {mu}s were measured when excited from the front or from the back of the Ge epitaxial layer, suggests equivalent interface quality of GaAs/Ge and Ge/GaAs. Wavelength-dependent minority carrier recombination properties are explained by the wavelength-dependent absorption coefficient of Ge.

Hudait, M. K.; Zhu, Y. [Bradley Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061 (United States)] [Bradley Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061 (United States); Johnston, S. W. [National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States)] [National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States); Maurya, D.; Priya, S. [Center for Energy Harvesting Materials and Systems (CEHMS), Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061 (United States)] [Center for Energy Harvesting Materials and Systems (CEHMS), Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061 (United States); Umbel, R. [Materials Science and Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061 (United States)] [Materials Science and Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061 (United States)

2013-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

231

GA Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name GA-Solar Place Madrid, Spain Zip 28045 Sector Solar Product Madrid based solar project developer, owned by Spanish industrial group Corporacion Gestamp. Coordinates 40.4203°, -3.705774° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.4203,"lon":-3.705774,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

232

Characterization of GaSb/GaAs interfacial misfit arrays using x-ray diffraction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report a nondestructive large-area method to characterize dislocation formation at a highly lattice-mismatched interface. The analysis is based on x-ray diffraction and reciprocal space mapping using a standard lab-based diffractometer. We use this technique to identify and analyze a two-dimensional array of 90° misfit dislocations at a GaSb/GaAs interface. The full width at half maximum of the GaSb 004 reciprocal lattice point is shown to decrease with increasing GaSb epilayer thickness as expected from theoretical models. Based on these measurements the variation in the spatial dislocation frequency is calculated to be 1%.

Charles J. Reyner; Jin Wang; Kalyan Nunna; Andrew Lin; Baolai Liang; Mark S. Goorsky; D. L. Huffaker

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

GaN–InGaN LED efficiency reduction from parasitic electron currents in p-GaN  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents observations of a previously unidentified source of performance limitation for GaN–InGaN LED devices. While most studies focus on output saturation known as ‘current droop’ from InGaN layer effects, we show an alike influence from p-type GaN’s inherent background electron concentration. p-GaN material was investigated to confirm that, even though the material had an excess of holes, the background electrons were indeed present and were influencing the charge flow across device electrodes. This current does not cross LED heterojunctions but rather drifts toward its proximal device electrode, causing a source of heating while providing no carriers for light emitting recombination. The effects of this current were explored in an LED configuration, whose output showed weak efficiency at very low biases in addition to that from current droop. While the shortcoming under small currents has previously been attributed to electron tunneling across the junction, we propose that the background electrons inside p-GaN could be another explanation.

G. Togtema; V. Georgiev; D. Georgieva; R. Gergova; K.S.A. Butcher; D. Alexandrov

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Monomoscoy Island, Massachusetts: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Monomoscoy Island, Massachusetts: Energy Resources Monomoscoy Island, Massachusetts: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 41.5698322°, -70.505028° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.5698322,"lon":-70.505028,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

235

Long Island Power Authority | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Long Island Power Authority Long Island Power Authority Address 333 Earle Ovington Blvd Place Uniondale, New York Zip 11553 Sector Services Product Green Power Marketer Website www.lipower.org/ Coordinates 40.720549°, -73.593524° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.720549,"lon":-73.593524,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

236

Cook Islands: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cook Islands: Energy Resources Cook Islands: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-22.26876,"lon":-158.20312,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

237

Microsoft Word - RailroadIsland_CX.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Dorie Welch Project Manager - KEWM-4 Proposed Action: Railroad Island Property Funding. Fish and Wildlife Project No.: 2011-003-00, Contract # BPA-006468 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.25 Real Property transfers for cultural protection, habitat preservation and wildlife management. Location: Monroe Quadrangle, in Lane County, Oregon (near Junction City, Oregon). Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: The BPA is proposing to fund The Mackenzie River Trust (the Trust) to acquire a 63-acre parcel that will be known as Railroad Island. The Trust will provide BPA a conservation easement over the entire 63-acre property that will prevent

238

Popponesset Island, Massachusetts: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Popponesset Island, Massachusetts: Energy Resources Popponesset Island, Massachusetts: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 41.584277°, -70.4591932° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.584277,"lon":-70.4591932,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

239

Fluvial dissection, isostatic uplift, and geomorphological evolution of volcanic islands (Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, Spain)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Digital analysis of torrential gullies (‘barrancos’) deeply incised into the volcanic Island of Gran Canaria (Canary Islands) allows us to extract the longitudinal profiles and pre-incision surfaces for individual basins, from which morphometric parameters (length, elevation, area, slope) have been calculated. Other derived parameters, such as ridgeline profiles, maximum incision values, volume removed by fluvial erosion, geophysical relief and isostatic uplift, have also been computed. Based on K/Ar ages for the island, well-constrained incision-uplift rates have been calculated by means of the combination of different methodological approaches commonly used in orogens and large mountain ranges. The geomorphological and morphometric analyses reveal that the island is clearly divided into four environmental quadrants determined by the combination of a couple of key-factors: the age of the volcanic surfaces and the climatic conditions. These factors determine a young sector covered with Plio-Quaternary platform-forming lavas (finished at 1.9–1.5 Ma) evolving under contrasting wet (NE) to dry (SE) climates, and an older sector, conserving the residual surfaces of the Miocene shield building (14.5–8.7 Ma) at the ridgelines, also subjected to wet (NW) and dry (SW) climates. Incision is related to the age zonation of the island. Maximum incisions (Gran Canaria. Additional sources of uplift, such as gravitational unloading, lithospheric flexure induced by adjacent islands, and/or volcanic underplating, are required. The theoretical onset of lithospheric bulging beneath Gran Canaria, as exerted by Tenerife, promoted a broad westwards tilting of the former from 3.8–3.5 Ma ago. This overall tilting accelerated fluvial incision, erosional unloading, and, therefore, the sustained differential uplift on the Eastern slope of the island over its last erosional stage. Considering mean uplift rates for the East and West sectors, Eastern values (0.024 mm/yr) are double than those in the West (0.011 mm/yr), supporting the role of lithospheric flexure of adjacent islands as an additional source of uplift. Complex feedback between fluvial unloading, differential uplift, orographic effect, lithospheric flexure, and volcanic underplating, seems to control the geomorphological development of hot-spot volcanic islands, after the gravitational collapse of stratovolcanos during their rejuvenation stage.

Inmaculada Menéndez; Pablo G. Silva; Moises Martín-Betancor; Francisco José Pérez-Torrado; Hervé Guillou; S. Scaillet

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Resuspension studies in the Marshall Islands  

SciTech Connect

The contribution of inhalation exposure to the total dose for residents of the Marshall Islands was monitored at occasions of opportunity on several islands in the Bikini and Enewetak Atolls. To determine the long-term potential for inhalation exposure, and to understand the mechanisms of redistribution and personal exposure, additional investigations were undertaken on Bikini Island under modified and controlled conditions. Experiments were conducted to provide key parameters for the assessment of inhalation exposure from plutonium-contaminated dust aerosols: characterization of the contribution of plutonium in soil-borne aerosols as compared to sea spray and organic aerosols, determination of plutonium resuspension rates as measured by the meteorological flux-gradient method during extreme conditions of a bare-soil vs. a stabilized surface, determination of the approximate individual exposures to resuspended plutonium by traffic, and studies of exposures to individuals in different occupational environments simulated by personal air sampling of workers assigned to a variety of tasks. Enhancement factors (defined as ratios of the plutonium-activity), of suspended aerosols relative to the plutonium-activity of the soil were determined to be less than 1 (typically 0.4 to 0.7) in the undisturbed, vegetated areas, but greater than 1 (as high as 3) for the case studies of disturbed bare soil, roadside travel, and for occupational duties in fields and in and around houses. 12 refs., 5 figs., 8 tabs.

Shinn, J.H.; Homan, D.N.; Robison, W.L. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island ga natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Suggested guidelines for anti-islanding screening.  

SciTech Connect

As increasing numbers of photovoltaic (PV) systems are connected to utility systems, distribution engineers are becoming increasingly concerned about the risk of formation of unintentional islands. Utilities desire to keep their systems secure, while not imposing unreasonable burdens on users wishing to connect PV. However, utility experience with these systems is still relatively sparse, so distribution engineers often are uncertain as to when additional protective measures, such as direct transfer trip, are needed to avoid unintentional island formation. In the absence of such certainty, utilities must err on the side of caution, which in some cases may lead to the unnecessary requirement of additional protection. The purpose of this document is to provide distribution engineers and decision makers with guidance on when additional measures or additional study may be prudent, and also on certain cases in which utilities may allow PV installations to proceed without additional study because the risk of an unintentional island is extremely low. The goal is to reduce the number of cases of unnecessary application of additional protection, while giving utilities a basis on which to request additional study in cases where it is warranted.

Ellis, Abraham; Ropp, Michael

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - States Dependent on Interstate  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

States Dependent on Interstate Pipelines States Dependent on Interstate Pipelines About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates States in grey which are at least 85% dependent on the interstate pipeline network for their natural gas supply are: New England - Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont Southeast - Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee Northeast - Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, District of Columbia Midwest - Illinois, Indiana, Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin Central - Iowa, Missouri, Nebraska, South Dakota West - Arizona, California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Washington Interstate Natural Gas Supply Dependency, 2007 Map: Interstate Natural Gas Supply Dependency

243

Strain relief and AlSb buffer layer morphology in GaSb heteroepitaxial films grown on Si as revealed by high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy  

SciTech Connect

The interfacial misfit (IMF) dislocation array of an epitaxial GaSb film on a Si substrate has been imaged with high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM). The mismatch strain accommodation through dislocation formation has been investigated using geometric phase analysis (GPA) on HAADF-STEM images with atomic resolution to probe the defects' local strain distribution. These measurements indicate that the lattice parameter of the epitaxial film recovers its bulk value within three unit cells from the interface due to the relaxation through IMF dislocations. The atomic number contrast of the HAADF-STEM images and energy dispersive x-ray spectrometry illustrate the formation of islands of AlSb buffer layer along the interface. The role of the AlSb buffer layer in facilitating the GaSb film growth on Si is further elucidated by investigating the strain field of the islands with the GPA.

Vajargah, S. Hosseini; Couillard, M.; Cui, K. [Department of Material Science and Engineering, McMaster University, 1280 Main St. W., Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M1 (Canada); Tavakoli, S. Ghanad; Robinson, B.; Kleiman, R. N.; Preston, J. S. [Department of Engineering Physics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M1 (Canada); Botton, G. A. [Department of Material Science and Engineering, McMaster University, 1280 Main St. W., Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M1 (Canada); Canadian Centre for Electron Microscopy, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M1 (Canada)

2011-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

244

Direct-bonded GaAs/InGaAs tandem solar cell Katsuaki Tanabe,a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Direct-bonded GaAs/InGaAs tandem solar cell Katsuaki Tanabe,a Anna Fontcuberta i Morral,b and Harry, Pasadena, California 91125 Daniel J. Aiken Emcore Photovoltaics, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87123 Mark W. Wanlass National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401 Received 19 March 2006; accepted 26

Atwater, Harry

245

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hydrogen Fuel Cells to someone by E-mail Hydrogen Fuel Cells to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Hydrogen Fuel Cells on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Hydrogen Fuel Cells on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Hydrogen Fuel Cells on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Hydrogen Fuel Cells on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Hydrogen Fuel Cells on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Hydrogen Fuel Cells on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

246

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Acquisition / Fuel Use to someone by E-mail Acquisition / Fuel Use to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Acquisition / Fuel Use on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Acquisition / Fuel Use on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Acquisition / Fuel Use on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Acquisition / Fuel Use on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Acquisition / Fuel Use on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Acquisition / Fuel Use on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State

247

A Presidential Proclamation - Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Presidential Proclamation - Asian American and Pacific Islander A Presidential Proclamation - Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month A Presidential Proclamation - Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month May 1, 2013 - 9:25am Addthis A Presidential Proclamation - Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA A PROCLAMATION Each May, our Nation comes together to recount the ways Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) helped forge our country. We remember a time 170 years ago, when Japanese immigrants first set foot on American shores and opened a path for millions more. We remember 1869, when Chinese workers laid the final ties of the transcontinental railroad after years of backbreaking labor. And we remember Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders

248

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Rhode Island | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rhode Island Rhode Island Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Rhode Island Location Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued for actions in Rhode Island. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD August 15, 2013 CX-010757: Categorical Exclusion Determination The New England Solar cost-Reduction Challenge Partnership CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 08/15/2013 Location(s): Vermont, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Connecticut Offices(s): Golden Field Office February 4, 2013 CX-010572: Categorical Exclusion Determination Brown University - Marine Hydro-Kinetic Energy Harvesting Using Cyber-Physical Systems CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 02/04/2013 Location(s): Rhode Island Offices(s): Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy October 18, 2012 CX-009518: Categorical Exclusion Determination

249

The Jobs Development Act (Rhode Island) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Jobs Development Act (Rhode Island) Jobs Development Act (Rhode Island) The Jobs Development Act (Rhode Island) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Retail Supplier Systems Integrator Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Rhode Island Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Provider Rhode Island Economic Development Corporation The Jobs Development Act provides an incremental reduction in the corporate income tax rate (9%) to companies creating jobs in Rhode Island. For every ten new jobs created for companies with fewer than 100 employees, companies can reduce the tax by a quarter percentage point. For companies with more

250

Dominica Island-NREL Cooperation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dominica Island-NREL Cooperation Dominica Island-NREL Cooperation Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Dominica Island-NREL Cooperation Name Dominica Island-NREL Cooperation Agency/Company /Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector Energy Focus Area Wind Topics Background analysis Website http://www.nrel.gov/internatio Country Dominica Caribbean References NREL International Program[1] Abstract The National Renewable Energy Laboratory is cooperating with Dominica Island to develop small wind generation as part of the Low Carbon Communities of the Americas program The National Renewable Energy Laboratory is cooperating with Dominica Island to develop small wind generation as part of the Low Carbon Communities of the Americas program. References ↑ "NREL International Program"

251

US Virgin Islands EDIN Pilot Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Islands EDIN Pilot Project Islands EDIN Pilot Project Jump to: navigation, search Logo: EDIN US Virgin Islands Pilot Project Name EDIN US Virgin Islands Pilot Project Agency/Company /Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory, United States Department of Energy Partner EDIN Initiative Partners Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Low emission development planning, Background analysis Website http://www.edinenergy.org/usvi Country United States Northern America References National Renewable Energy Laboratory, EERE Supported International Activities FY 2009 Annual Operating Plan (August 25, 2009 Abstract The purpose of the EDIN pilot is to have a meaningful impact in a short duration by developing clean energy technologies, policies, and financing mechanisms for the pilot island with projects whose elements can be repeated on other islands.

252

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Producer to someone by E-mail Producer to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Alternative Fuel Producer on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Alternative Fuel Producer on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Alternative Fuel Producer on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Alternative Fuel Producer on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Alternative Fuel Producer on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rhode Island Laws and Incentives for Alternative Fuel Producer on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State

253

Investigations of chemical vapor deposition of GaN using synchrotron radiation  

SciTech Connect

The authors apply synchrotron x-ray analysis techniques to probe the surface structure of GaN films during synthesis by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD). Their approach is to observe the evolution of surface structure and morphology in real time using grazing incidence x-ray scattering (GIXS). This technique combines the ability of x-rays to penetrate the chemical vapor deposition environment for in situ measurements, with the sensitivity of GIXS to atomic scale structure. In this paper they present examples from some of their studies of growth modes and surface evolution as a function of process conditions that illustrate the capabilities of synchrotron x-ray analysis during MOCVD growth. They focus on studies of the homoepitaxial growth mode, island coarsening dynamics, and effects of impurities.

Thompson, C.; Stephenson, G. B.; Eastman, J. A.; Munkholm, A.; Auciello, O.; Murty, M. V. R.; Fini, P.; DenBaars, S. P.; Speck, J. S.

2000-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

254

Lattice-matched epitaxial GaInAsSb/GaSb thermophotovoltaic devices  

SciTech Connect

The materials development of Ga{sub 1{minus}x}In{sub x}As{sub y}Sb{sub 1{minus}y} alloys for lattice-matched thermophotovoltaic (TPV) devices is reported. Epilayers with cutoff wavelength 2--2.4 {micro}m at room temperature and lattice-matched to GaSb substrates were grown by both low-pressure organometallic vapor phase epitaxy and molecular beam epitaxy. These layers exhibit high optical and structural quality. For demonstrating lattice-matched thermophotovoltaic devices, p- and n-type doping studies were performed. Several TPV device structures were investigated, with variations in the base/emitter thicknesses and the incorporation of a high bandgap GaSb or AlGaAsSb window layer. Significant improvement in the external quantum efficiency is observed for devices with an AlGaAsSb window layer compared to those without one.

Wang, C.A.; Choi, H.K.; Turner, G.W.; Spears, D.L.; Manfra, M.J. [Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Lexington, MA (United States). Lincoln Lab.; Charache, G.W. [Lockheed Martin, Inc., Schenectady, NY (United States)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Study and development of tunable, single mode AlGaAs/GaAs lasers  

SciTech Connect

Liquid phase epitaxy has been employed in this study to fabricate two-section wavelength tunable lasers. GaAs/AlGaAs and In GaAsP/InP material system have been used for fabricating the lasers. Both direct (butt) coupling and evanescent coupling approaches have been studied. The complications associated with the regrowth process have been responsible for poor laser performance. Some DBR gratings for three-section lasers have been made using the electron beam lithography at UCSD. A simple set up has been tested to measure the wavelength shift of GaAs/AlGaAs lasers. Also, a simple structure which avoids the regrowth process has been proposed for the two-section laser. 9 refs., 14 figs.

Yu, P.K.L.; Liu, J.C. (California Univ., San Diego, La Jolla, CA (USA). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering)

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Crete: Endowed by Nature, Privileged by Geography, Threatened by Tourism?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Crete: Endowed by Nature, Privileged by Geography, Threatened by Tourism? Helen Briassoulis in the Mediterranean and the largest Greek island, is a highly heterogeneous region which has experiencedrapid tourism development since the mid- to late 1960s when the growth in international tourism and broader socioeco- nomic

Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

257

Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS): Hawaiian Islands  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS): Hawaiian Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS): Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS): Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project This report provides an independent review included an initial evaluation of the technical configuration and capital costs of establishing an undersea cable system and examining impacts to the existing electric transmission systems as a result of interconnecting the islands. 50411.pdf More Documents & Publications Phase 2 Report: Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS); Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project OAHU Wind Integration And Transmission Study: Summary Report, NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

258

Climate Action Plan (Rhode Island) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rhode Island) Rhode Island) Climate Action Plan (Rhode Island) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Rhode Island Program Type Climate Policies Provider Department of Environmental Management In the fall of 2001, the Department of Environmental Management (DEM), the

259

Rhode Island's 2nd congressional district: Energy Resources ...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Registered Energy Companies in Rhode Island's 2nd congressional district Cookson Electronics Jefferson Renewable Energy Tomorrow BioFuels LLC Retrieved from "http:...

260

Energy Office Grant Helps the Virgin Islands Environmental Resource...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Office Grant Helps the Virgin Islands Environmental Resource Station Install Solar Panels, Improve Efficiency, and Cut Monthly Energy Use Nearly 30% Energy Office Grant Helps the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island ga natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Celebrating Asian American Pacific Islander Heritage Month at...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders at the Energy Department, in the energy workforce, and throughout history. Headquarter employees and members of the general...

262

Hypersonic drift-tearing magnetic islands in tokamak plasmas  

SciTech Connect

A two-fluid theory of long wavelength, hypersonic, drift-tearing magnetic islands in low-collisionality, low-{beta} plasmas possessing relatively weak magnetic shear is developed. The model assumes both slab geometry and cold ions, and neglects electron temperature and equilibrium current gradient effects. The problem is solved in three asymptotically matched regions. The 'inner region' contains the island. However, the island emits electrostatic drift-acoustic waves that propagate into the surrounding 'intermediate region', where they are absorbed by the plasma. Since the waves carry momentum, the inner region exerts a net force on the intermediate region, and vice versa, giving rise to strong velocity shear in the region immediately surrounding the island. The intermediate region is matched to the surrounding 'outer region', in which ideal magnetohydrodynamic holds. Isolated hypersonic islands propagate with a velocity that lies between those of the unperturbed local ion and electron fluids, but is much closer to the latter. The ion polarization current is stabilizing, and increases with increasing island width. Finally, the hypersonic branch of isolated island solutions ceases to exist above a certain critical island width. Hypersonic islands whose widths exceed the critical width are hypothesized to bifurcate to the so-called 'sonic' solution branch.

Fitzpatrick, R.; Waelbroeck, F. L. [Institute for Fusion Studies, Department of Physics, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)

2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

263

Your own energy "island"? ORNL microgrid could standardize small...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Your own energy "island"? ORNL microgrid could standardize small, self-sustaining electric grids (hi-res image) When Department of Energy and Oak Ridge National Laboratory...

264

Northern Mariana Islands Recovery Act State Memo | Department...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

an important role in the new energy economy of the future. Northern Mariana Islands Recovery Act State Memo More Documents & Publications Slide 1 MPrecoveryactmemoupdated.pdf...

265

U.S. Virgin Islands Wind Resources Update 2014  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Thanks to the students of University of the Virgin Islands and their advisor, Dr. David Smith, for monitoring and maintaining the wind measurement equipment and helping ensure...

266

Energy Department Helps Advance Island Clean Energy Goals  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Highlights a solar power purchase agreement between the Virgin Islands Water and Power Authority and three corporations. It describes how financial support from DOE and technical assistance from...

267

A Miocene Island-Arc Volcanic Seamount- The Takashibiyama Formation...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Island-Arc Volcanic Seamount- The Takashibiyama Formation, Shimane Peninsula, Sw Japan Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: A...

268

Defect studies in low-temperature-grown GaAs  

SciTech Connect

High content of excess As is incorporated in GaAs grown by low-temperature molecular-beam-epitaxy (LTMBE). The excess As exists primarily as As antisite defects AsGa and a lesser extent of gallium vacancies V{sub Ga}. The neutral AsGa-related defects were measured by infrared absorption at 1{mu}m. Gallium vacancies, V{sub Ga}, was investigated by slow positron annihilation. Dependence of defect contents on doping was studied by Si and Be dopants. No free carriers are generated by n-type or p-type doping up to 10{sup 19} cm{sup {minus}3} Si or Be. Raman data indicate Be occupies Ga substitutional sites but Si atom is not substitutional. Si induces more As{sub Ga} in the layer. As As{sub Ga} increases, photoquenchable As{sub Ga} decreases. Fraction of photoquenchable defects correlates to defects within 3 nearest neighbor separations disrupting the metastability. Annealing reduces neutral As{sub Ga} content around 500C, similar to irradiation damaged and plastically deformed Ga{sub As}, as opposed to bulk grown GaAs in which As{sub Ga}-related defects are stable up to 1100C. The lower temperature defect removal is due to V{sub Ga} enhanced diffusion of As{sub Ga} to As precipitates. The supersaturated V{sub GA} and also decreases during annealing. Annealing kinetics for As{sub Ga}-related defects gives 2.0 {plus_minus} 0.3 eV and 1.5 {plus_minus} 0.3 eV migration enthalpies for the As{sub Ga} and V{sub Ga}. This represents the difference between Ga and As atoms hopping into the vacancy. The non-photoquenchable As{sub Ga}-related defects anneal with an activation energy of 1.1 {plus_minus} 0.3eV. Be acceptors can be activated by 800C annealing. Temperature difference between defect annealing and Be activation formation of As{sub Ga}-Be{sub Ga} pairs. Si donors can only be partially activated.

Bliss, D.E.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Defect studies in low-temperature-grown GaAs  

SciTech Connect

High content of excess As is incorporated in GaAs grown by low-temperature molecular-beam-epitaxy (LTMBE). The excess As exists primarily as As antisite defects AsGa and a lesser extent of gallium vacancies V[sub Ga]. The neutral AsGa-related defects were measured by infrared absorption at 1[mu]m. Gallium vacancies, V[sub Ga], was investigated by slow positron annihilation. Dependence of defect contents on doping was studied by Si and Be dopants. No free carriers are generated by n-type or p-type doping up to 10[sup 19] cm[sup [minus]3] Si or Be. Raman data indicate Be occupies Ga substitutional sites but Si atom is not substitutional. Si induces more As[sub Ga] in the layer. As As[sub Ga] increases, photoquenchable As[sub Ga] decreases. Fraction of photoquenchable defects correlates to defects within 3 nearest neighbor separations disrupting the metastability. Annealing reduces neutral As[sub Ga] content around 500C, similar to irradiation damaged and plastically deformed Ga[sub As], as opposed to bulk grown GaAs in which As[sub Ga]-related defects are stable up to 1100C. The lower temperature defect removal is due to V[sub Ga] enhanced diffusion of As[sub Ga] to As precipitates. The supersaturated V[sub GA] and also decreases during annealing. Annealing kinetics for As[sub Ga]-related defects gives 2.0 [plus minus] 0.3 eV and 1.5 [plus minus] 0.3 eV migration enthalpies for the As[sub Ga] and V[sub Ga]. This represents the difference between Ga and As atoms hopping into the vacancy. The non-photoquenchable As[sub Ga]-related defects anneal with an activation energy of 1.1 [plus minus] 0.3eV. Be acceptors can be activated by 800C annealing. Temperature difference between defect annealing and Be activation formation of As[sub Ga]-Be[sub Ga] pairs. Si donors can only be partially activated.

Bliss, D.E.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Diversification in a fluctuating island setting: rapid radiation of Ohomopterus ground beetles in the Japanese Islands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...setting: rapid radiation of Ohomopterus ground...Kyoto 606-8502, Japan The Japanese Islands...isolation. This radiation was achieved without...morphology). beetles|Japan|divergence time...ecology of adaptive radiation. In Oxford University...District, western Japan. Kontyu Tokyo...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Holocene Reef Development Along the Northeastern St. Croix Shelf, Buck Island, U.S. Virgin Islands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Power is supplied from a 21 hp diesel engine and hydraulic pump on the pontoon...position of each sample and the general character of the reef interior. We tested...Buck Island reef through time. The general pattern is one of massive corals...

Dennis K. Hubbard; Heinrich Zankl; Ivor Van Heerden; Ivan P. Gill

272

Energy absorption in Ni-Mn-Ga/ polymer composites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years Ni-Mn-Ga has attracted considerable attention as a new kind of actuator material. Off-stoichiometric single crystals of Ni2MnGa can regularly exhibit 6% strain in tetragonal martensites and orthorhombic ...

Feuchtwanger, Jorge

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

natural gasoline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

natural gasoline, condensate, distillate [Liquid hydrocarbons, generally clear or pale straw-coloured and of high API gravity (above 6o°), that are produced with wet gas] ? Gasbenzin n, Gasolin n ...

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Carrier capture dynamics of single InGaAs/GaAs quantum-dot layers  

SciTech Connect

Using 800 nm, 25-fs pulses from a mode locked Ti:Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} laser, we have measured the ultrafast optical reflectivity of MBE-grown, single-layer In{sub 0.4}Ga{sub 0.6}As/GaAs quantum-dot (QD) samples. The QDs are formed via two-stage Stranski-Krastanov growth: following initial InGaAs deposition at a relatively low temperature, self assembly of the QDs occurs during a subsequent higher temperature anneal. The capture times for free carriers excited in the surrounding GaAs (barrier layer) are as short as 140 fs, indicating capture efficiencies for the InGaAs quantum layer approaching 1. The capture rates are positively correlated with initial InGaAs thickness and annealing temperature. With increasing excited carrier density, the capture rate decreases; this slowing of the dynamics is attributed to Pauli state blocking within the InGaAs quantum layer.

Chauhan, K. N.; Riffe, D. M.; Everett, E. A.; Kim, D. J.; Yang, H. [Physics Department, Utah State University, Logan, Utah 84322-4415 (United States)] [Physics Department, Utah State University, Logan, Utah 84322-4415 (United States); Shen, F. K. [Center for Surface Analysis and Applications, Utah State University, Logan, Utah 84322-4415 (United States)] [Center for Surface Analysis and Applications, Utah State University, Logan, Utah 84322-4415 (United States)

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

275

E-Print Network 3.0 - aphaedo island shinan-gun Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

aphaedo island shinan-gun Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aphaedo island shinan-gun Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Fraser Island Lady...

276

Visitor impact on rocky shore communities of Qeshm Island, the Persian Gulf, Iran  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The influence of visitors on macroinvertebrates of rocky intertidal shores was investigated in southern coasts of the Qeshm Island, the Persian Gulf, Iran. Qeshm Island located at the...2, is the largest island i...

Fatemeh Aghajan Pour; Mohammad Reza Shokri…

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Sustainable energy future via grid interactive operation of spv system at isolated remote island  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper has analyzed the case of Moushuni Island at Sundarban of 24 Parganas South of West Bengal, India. The proposition is to find out the possibility of grid-connectivity of Isolated Remote Island which is under rural electrification scheme by hybrid renewable energies under Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission of India. In these rural electrification program, grid extension can be the best option if the grid is reliable, the rural community rather big and in proximity to the grid. In many circumstances, a strong case for mini-grids based on hybrid systems can be made. Scattered communities and isolated houses are well served by solar and small hydro (where available) or small wind energy systems. By feeding renewable electricity to the utility grid through the grid-connected hybrid renewable energy system, during time of peak demand, sufficient electrical loads can be shed to prevent turning on a coal or natural gas-fired plant and therefore save CO2 emissions and potentially energy import costs, replacing fossil fuels. The Social, Economic, and Environmental Benefits can be achieved through this proposition. Also, the Grid Interactive Operation of SPV System at Moushuni Island is tested. Malda district of West Bengal, India is a vision towards smart-grid city towards sustainable future, where rural consumers can upgrade their quality of life through solar energy resource.

Aurobi Das; V. Balakrishnan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Insular Area energy vulnerability, Puerto Rico, US Virgin Islands. Technical Appendix 1  

SciTech Connect

This report was prepared in response to Section 1406 of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (P.L. 192-486). The Act directed the Department of Energy (DOE) to ``conduct a study of the implications of the unique vulnerabilities of the insular areas to an oil supply disruption,`` and to ``outline how the insular areas shall gain access to vital oil supplies during times of national emergency.`` The Act defines the insular areas to be the US Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico in the Caribbean, and Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), and Palau in the Pacific. This report is the analysis of Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands. In the study, ``unique vulnerabilities`` were defined as susceptibility to: (1) more frequent or more likely interruptions of oil supplies compared to the mainland, and/or (2) disproportionately larger or more likely economic losses in the event of an oil supply disruption. In order to asses unique vulnerabilities, the study examined in the insular areas` experience during past global disruptions of oil supplies and during local emergencies caused by natural disasters. The effects of several possible future global disruptions and local emergencies were also analyzed. Analyses were based on historical data, simulations using energy and economic models, and interviews with officials in the insular governments and the energy industry.

Stern, M.; Willard, E.E.; Efferding, S. [Ensys Energy & Systems, Inc., Flemington, NJ (United States)

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Restoration islands supplied by gas turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper describes how gas turbine based plants (open cycle and combined cycle) can be profitably used in power system restoration for supplying restoration areas. In recent times, in fact, several gas turbine sections entered the power system due to the improved efficiency of gas turbines and to the development of high efficiency combined-cycle plants. These units can be easily improved to provide black-start capability and can therefore largely increase the black-start capacity of the entire system. Restoration islands to be used for minimizing the time to supply critical areas, such as urban and industrial zones, can support the usual restoration paths designed to provide cranking power to large steam units. The paper presents the defining criteria for the procedures to be followed during restoration. An example referred to as an urban area is reported with simulation results. The Italian System Operator recently carried out some tests on an open cycle gas turbine aimed at checking the island operation of the unit. Some results are described.

S. Barsali; D. Poli; A. Praticò; R. Salvati; M. Sforna; R. Zaottini

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

GA-AL-SC | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GA-AL-SC GA-AL-SC GA-AL-SC October 1, 2012 ALA-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: PowerSouth Energy Cooperative System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Duke On-System System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Central System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: None System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Duke Self-Schedulers System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 MISS-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: South Mississippi Electric Power Association System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Pump-1-A Wholesale Power Rate Schedule

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island ga natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Low Efficiency Droop Green Nano-Pyramid {10 -11} InGaN/GaN Multiple Quantum Well LED  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report a low efficiency droop 520 nm green nano-pyramid InGaN/GaN multiple quantum well (MQW) LED. MQWs were grown on the semipolar {10 1} nano-pyramid facets. The device physics...

Cheng, Yuh-Jen; Chang, Shih-Pang; Lin, Da-Wei; Kuo, Hao-chung; Xiong, Kang-lin

282

InGaN working electrodes with assisted bias generated from GaAs solar cells for efficient water splitting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hydrogen generation through water splitting by n-InGaN working electrodes with bias generated from GaAs solar cell was studied. Instead of using an external bias provided by power...

Liu, Shu-Yen; Sheu, J K; Lin, Yu-Chuan; Chen, Yu-Tong; Tu, S J; Lee, M L; Lai, W C

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Reaktive Molekularstrahlepitaxie und Charakterisierung von GaN/(Al,Ga)N-Heterostrukturen auf SiC(0001).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Thema dieser Arbeit ist die Synthese von hexagonalen GaN/(Al,Ga)N-Heterostrukturen mittels reaktiver Molekularstrahlepitaxie (MBE) auf SiC(0001)-Substraten. Der Einfluß der Wachstumsbedingungen auf die strukturellen, morphologischen, optischen und… (more)

Thamm, Andreas

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Nucleation and Growth of GaN on GaAs (001) Substrates  

SciTech Connect

The nucleation of GaN thin films on GaAs is investigated for growth at 620 "C. An rf plasma cell is used to generate chemically active nitrogen from N2. An arsenic flux is used in the first eight monolayer of nitride growth to enhance nucleation of the cubic phase. Subsequent growth does not require an As flux to preserve the cubic phase. The nucleation of smooth interfaces and GaN films with low stacking fault densities is dependent upon relative concentrations of active nitrogen species in the plasma and on the nitrogen to gallium flux ratio.

Drummond, Timothy J.; Hafich, Michael J.; Heller, Edwin J.; Lee, Stephen R.; Liliental-Weber, Zuzanna; Ruvimov, Sergei; Sullivan, John P.

1999-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

285

Drift-tearing magnetic islands in tokamak plasmas  

SciTech Connect

A systematic fluid theory of nonlinear magnetic island dynamics in conventional low-{beta}, large aspect-ratio, circular cross-section tokamak plasmas is developed using an extended magnetohydrodynamics model that incorporates diamagnetic flows, ion gyroviscosity, fast parallel electron heat transport, the ion sound wave, the drift wave, and average magnetic field-line curvature. The model excludes the compressible Alfven wave, geodesic field-line curvature, neoclassical effects, and ion Landau damping. A collisional closure is used for plasma dynamics parallel to the magnetic field. Two distinct branches of island solutions are found, namely the 'sonic' and 'hypersonic' branches. Both branches are investigated analytically, using suitable ordering schemes, and in each case the problem is reduced to a relatively simple set of nonlinear differential equations that can be solved numerically via iteration. The solution determines the island phase velocity, relative to the plasma, and the effect of local currents on the island stability. Sonic islands are relatively wide, flatten both the temperature and density profiles, and tend to propagate close to the local ion fluid velocity. Hypersonic islands, on the other hand, are relatively narrow, only flatten the temperature profile, radiate drift-acoustic waves, and tend to propagate close to the local electron fluid velocity. The hypersonic solution branch ceases to exist above a critical island width. Under normal circumstances, both types of island are stabilized by local ion polarization currents.

Fitzpatrick, R.; Waelbroeck, F. L. [Institute for Fusion Studies, Department of Physics, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

286

Nonlinear dynamics of feedback modulated magnetic islands in toroidal plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

'' tear and reconnect magnetic field lines to produce helical chains of magnetic islands inside the plasma one side of an island chain to the other by flowing along magnetic field lines, which is a relatively plasmas, give rise to the ergodization of the magnetic field, and the conse- quent destruction of ordered

Fitzpatrick, Richard

287

Virgin Islands Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

water is a concern, so too is proper disposal of wastewater. The Virgin Islands Water Resources Research with cistern water quality, treatment of wastewater from aquaponic systems and sediment export from watersheds is a major concern in the Territory of the US Virgin Islands. As part of our endeavour to do a detailed

288

Forensic identification: the Island Problem and its generalisations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forensic identification: the Island Problem and its generalisations Klaas Slooten and Ronald Meester April 26, 2010 Abstract In forensics it is a classical problem to determine, when a suspect by a likelihood ratio. Keywords: Island problem, Forensic identification, Weight of evidence, Posterior odds

Meester, Ronald

289

Deep-water erosional remnants in eastern offshore Trinidad as terrestrial analogs for teardrop-shaped islands on Mars: Implications for outflow channel formation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...streamlined islands, and comet marks share is that of an obstacle...estimated length/width ratio of comet marks in the Adriatic Sea is...from deposits at the Pathfinder landing site (downstream termination...experiments on the nature of comet marks: Sedimentary Geology...

Lorena Moscardelli; Lesli Wood

290

Minnesota Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 5,535 5,563 5,789 6,051 6,354 6,516 1990-2013

291

Louisiana Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 481,448 506,368 537,381 569,532 588,760 616,097 1990-2013

292

Virginia Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 7,627 7,917 7,809 8,111 7,771 8,769 1997-2013

293

Oregon Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 18,802 21,071 24,355 26,317 27,099 27,826 1990-2013

294

California Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 494,687 526,990 548,682 551,855 553,972 563,219 1990-2013

295

Utah Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 93,084 97,539 101,216 104,637 109,135 112,135 1990-2013

296

Alabama Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 28,455 28,958 28,160 28,582 28,018 29,312 1995-2013

297

Indiana Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 87,254 89,244 91,822 94,240 97,911 101,106 1990-2013

298

Washington Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 30,412 33,787 37,711 40,833 43,621 45,359 1990-2013

299

Texas Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 638,154 659,387 666,457 668,068 696,056 730,492 1990-2013

300

Ohio Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 390,648 417,691 447,275 468,055 493,454 516,625 1990-2013

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island ga natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

California Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 494,687 526,990 548,682 551,855 553,972 563,219 1990-2013

302

Oklahoma Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 270,117 293,368 310,075 317,797 325,829 340,801 1990-2013

303

Mississippi Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 188,580 205,724 214,887 222,273 217,684 229,843 1990-2013

304

Kansas Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 200,725 214,725 228,046 244,878 256,709 266,439 1990-2013

305

Kentucky Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 165,997 174,089 181,856 187,293 192,663 201,374 1990-2013

306

Alaska Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 28,203 29,473 30,384 31,284 32,766 34,652 2013-2013

307

Montana Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 207,626 210,385 214,435 219,447 224,995 224,335 1990-2013

308

Wyoming Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 90,464 90,588 89,999 89,825 91,028 93,007 1990-2013

309

Illinois Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 746,993 774,182 809,958 842,081 876,844 917,781 1990-2013

310

Iowa Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 209,512 215,593 221,664 230,749 245,317 261,998 1990-2013

311

Alaska Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 28,203 29,473 30,384 31,284 32,766 34,652 2013-2013

312

Arkansas Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 11,133 11,575 11,977 12,383 12,816 13,020 1990-2013

313

Iowa Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 215,593 221,664 230,749 245,317 261,998 273,823 1990-2013

314

Utah Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 97,539 101,216 104,637 109,135 112,135 113,539 1990-2013

315

Colorado Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 70,182 74,046 80,390 87,199 94,797 100,693 1990-2013

316

Illinois Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 746,993 774,182 809,958 842,081 876,844 917,781 1990-2013

317

Oklahoma Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 293,368 310,075 317,797 325,829 340,801 351,660 1990-2013

318

Mississippi Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 205,724 214,887 222,273 217,684 229,843 244,371 1990-2013

319

Louisiana Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 506,368 537,381 569,532 588,760 616,097 641,658 1990-2013

320

Indiana Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 89,244 91,822 94,240 97,911 101,106 102,341 1990-2013

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island ga natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Tennessee Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 340 340 340 340 340 340 1997-2013

322

Minnesota Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 5,563 5,789 6,051 6,354 6,516 6,874 1990-2013

323

Oregon Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 21,071 24,355 26,317 27,099 27,826 28,494 1990-2013

324

Virginia Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 7,917 7,809 8,111 7,771 8,769 9,216 1997-2013

325

Missouri Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 10,867 11,358 11,873 12,197 12,433 12,660 1990-2013

326

Maryland Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 53,540 55,026 57,959 59,418 61,671 62,862 1990-2013

327

Washington Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 30,412 33,787 37,711 40,833 43,621 45,359 1990-2013

328

Ohio Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 390,648 417,691 447,275 468,055 493,454 516,625 1990-2013

329

Pennsylvania Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 567,796 613,368 634,789 656,308 693,662 712,848 1990-2013

330

Pennsylvania Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 520,387 567,796 613,368 634,789 656,308 693,662 1990-2013

331

Nebraska Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 25,055 25,858 26,866 27,234 29,408 31,383 1990-2013

332

Missouri Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 10,867 11,358 11,873 12,197 12,433 12,660 1990-2013

333

Texas Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 582,834 638,154 659,387 666,457 668,068 696,056 1990-2013

334

Arkansas Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 11,133 11,575 11,977 12,383 12,816 13,020 1990-2013

335

Montana Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 205,601 207,626 210,385 214,435 219,447 224,995 1990-2013

336

Michigan Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 643,563 706,443 777,107 839,963 906,927 972,307 1990-2013

337

Michigan Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 643,563 706,443 777,107 839,963 906,927 972,307 1990-2013

338

Kansas Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming AGA Producing Region AGA Eastern Consuming Region AGA Western Consuming Region Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Natural Gas in Storage 200,725 214,725 228,046 244,878 256,709 266,439 1990-2013

339

E-Print Network 3.0 - autonomous island networks Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of the communities on Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island is highly connected social networks. Research participants... confidentiality) would be received by the communities...

340

E-Print Network 3.0 - akutan island alaska Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AKUTAN ALAKANUK ALEKNAGIK ANGOON ATKA BETHEL... Management 800-304-4846 SELDOVIA SHELDON POINT SITKA SKAGWAY SOUTH NAKNEK ST GEORGE ISLAND ST PAUL ISLAND... INDIAN TRIBE KETCHIKAN...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island ga natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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341

Celebrating Asian American Pacific Islander Heritage Month at the Energy Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Each May we celebrate Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month, honoring the accomplishments of Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders at the Energy Department, in the...

342

A new landscape ecology mapping scheme for coastal environments: Galveston Island, Texas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Increasing urban development on barrier islands has driven interest in the environmental change of barrier islands. Whereas other research has focused on individual elements of… (more)

Lynch, Karen Marie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

E-Print Network 3.0 - ancient solomon islands Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Center Collection: Renewable Energy 5 Island area and species diversity in the southwest Pacific Ocean: is the lizard fauna of Vanuatu depauperate? Summary: , the Solomon Islands,...

344

Tobacco use among adolescents aged 10–16 in Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, Spain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this survey, we tried to assess tobacco consumption among adolescents aged 10–16 on the island of Gran Canaria (Canary Islands, Spain). We also...

J. M. Segura; J. R. Calvo; M. C. Navarro; M. Torres…

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Long Island Power Authority - Residential Solar Water Heating Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Long Island Power Authority - Residential Solar Water Heating Long Island Power Authority - Residential Solar Water Heating Rebate Program Long Island Power Authority - Residential Solar Water Heating Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Solar Water Heating Maximum Rebate $1,500 or 50% of installed cost; $2,000 for systems purchased by 12/31/13 Program Info Funding Source LIPA Efficiency Long Island Program Start Date December 2010 State New York Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount $20 per kBTU (based on SRCC collector rating) Bonus Incentive for systems purchased by 12/31/13: 2 Collector system: $500 bonus rebate 1 Collector system: $250 bonus rebate Provider Long Island Power Authority '''''Note: For system purchased by December 31, 2013, LIPA is providing a

346

Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Rhode Island) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rhode Island) Rhode Island) Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Rhode Island) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Rhode Island Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in Rhode Island as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance

347

FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR THE RHODE ISLAND LFG GENCO, LLC  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

RHODE ISLAND LFG GENCO, LLC RHODE ISLAND LFG GENCO, LLC COMBINED CYCLE ELECTRICITY GENERATION PLANT FUELED BY LANDFILL GAS JOHNSTON, RHODE ISLAND U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory August 2010 DOE/EA-1742 FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR THE RHODE ISLAND LFG GENCO, LLC COMBINED CYCLE ELECTRICITY GENERATION PLANT FUELED BY LANDFILL GAS JOHNSTON, RHODE ISLAND U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory August 2010 DOE/EA-1742 ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS CFR Code of Federal Regulations CHP combined heat and power dBA A-weighted decibel DOE U.S. Department of Energy (also called the Department) EA environmental assessment EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency MW megawatt NAAQS National Ambient Air Quality Standards

348

Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month 2013 | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month 2013 Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month 2013 Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month 2013 May 21, 2013 11:00AM EDT Forrestal Main Auditorium, Washington DC Building Leadership: Embracing Cultural Values and Inclusion FORS Large Auditorium/Simulcast to Germantown RM A-410 All employees are invited to honor the remarkable contributions Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders have made to this Nation and DOE. President Obama stated, "Each May, our Nation comes together to recount the ways Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) helped forge our country. We remember a time 170 years ago, when Japanese immigrants first set foot on American shores and opened a path for millions more. We remember 1869, when Chinese workers laid the final ties of the

349

Long Island Power Authority - Wind Energy Rebate Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Long Island Power Authority - Wind Energy Rebate Program Long Island Power Authority - Wind Energy Rebate Program Long Island Power Authority - Wind Energy Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Wind Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate Lesser of 60% of installed cost or values below: Residential: $56,000 Commercial: $135,600 Gov't, School, Non-profit: $200,000 Program Info Funding Source LIPA Efficiency Long Island Program Start Date January 2009 State New York Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Varies by sector and system size Provider Long Island Power Authority '''''Note: The program web site listed above is for the residential wind energy program; however, LIPA also offers

350

Qualifying RPS Market States (Prince Edward Island, Canada) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Prince Edward Island, Canada) Prince Edward Island, Canada) Qualifying RPS Market States (Prince Edward Island, Canada) < Back Eligibility Developer Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Prince Edward Island Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals This entry lists the states with RPS policies that accept generation located in Prince Edward Island, Canada as eligible sources towards their Renewable Portfolio Standard targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an

351

Heat Island Research at the University of Athens  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Heat Island Research at the University of Athens Heat Island Research at the University of Athens Speaker(s): Mattheos Santamouris Date: June 4, 2008 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Hashem Akbari Athens, as many other metropolitan areas, is experiencing a severe summer heat island. We will present measurements of urban canyon heat islands in Athens and discuss the effects on building energy use, urban environment, and air quality. Appropriate heat-island mitigation technologies include use of cool materials for urban surfaces (roofs and pavements) and shade trees. Advances in development of cool roofing and paving materials including traditional cool surfaces (white and light-colored materials), near-infrared cool colored materials, and experimental highly reflecting thermochromic coatings will be discussed. Finally, we will discuss the

352

Nonlinear stability of magnetic islands in a rotating helical plasma  

SciTech Connect

Coexistence of the forced magnetic reconnection by a resonant magnetic perturbation (RMP) and the curvature-driven tearing mode is investigated in a helical (stellarator) plasma rotated by helical trapped particle-induced neoclassical flows. A set of Rutherford-type equations of rotating magnetic islands and a poloidal flow evolution equation is revisited. Using the model, analytical expressions of criteria of spontaneous shrinkage (self-healing) of magnetic islands and sudden growth of locked magnetic islands (penetration of RMP) are obtained, where nonlinear saturation states of islands show bifurcation structures and hysteresis characteristics. Considering radial profile of poloidal flows across magnetic islands, it is found that the self-healing is driven by neoclassical viscosity even in the absence of micro-turbulence-induced anomalous viscosity. Effects of unfavorable curvature in stellarators are found to modify the critical values. The scalings of criteria are consistent with low-{beta} experiments in the large helical device.

Nishimura, S.; Toda, S.; Narushima, Y. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Gifu 509-5292 (Japan); Yagi, M. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Rokkasho, Aomori 039-3212 (Japan)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

353

Aeromagnetic Survey And Interpretation, Ascention Island, South Atlantic  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

And Interpretation, Ascention Island, South Atlantic And Interpretation, Ascention Island, South Atlantic Ocean Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Aeromagnetic Survey And Interpretation, Ascention Island, South Atlantic Ocean Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: A detailed aeromagnetic survey of Ascension Island, which was completed in February and March of 1983 as part of an evaluation of the geothermal potential of the island, is described. The aeromagnetic map represents a basic data set useful for the interpretation of subsurface geology. An in situ magnetic susceptibility survey was also carried out to assist in understanding the magnetic properties of Ascension rocks and to aid in the interpretation of the aeromagnetic data. The aeromagnetic survey

354

Saint Paul Island Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Island Wind Farm Island Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Saint Paul Island Wind Farm Facility Saint Paul Island Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Tanadgusix Corp. Developer Tanadgusix Corp. Energy Purchaser Tanadgusix Corp. Location St. Paul Island AK Coordinates 57.1761°, -170.269° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":57.1761,"lon":-170.269,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

355

Mustang Island Offshore Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mustang Island Offshore Wind Farm Mustang Island Offshore Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Mustang Island Offshore Wind Farm Facility Mustang Island Offshore Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Offshore Wind Facility Status Proposed Owner Baryonyx Corporation Developer Baryonyx Corporation Location Offshore from Mustang Island TX Coordinates 27.66°, -97.01° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":27.66,"lon":-97.01,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

356

Clean Cities: Greater Long Island Clean Cities coalition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Greater Long Island Clean Cities Coalition Greater Long Island Clean Cities Coalition The Greater Long Island Clean Cities coalition works with vehicle fleets, fuel providers, community leaders, and other stakeholders to reduce petroleum use in transportation. Greater Long Island Clean Cities coalition Contact Information Rita D. Ebert 631-504-5771 rebert@gliccc.org Coalition Website Clean Cities Coordinator Rita D. Ebert Photo of Rita D. Ebert Rita D. Ebert is the key staff member of the Greater Long Island Clean Cities Coalition since 2007, where she is the Program Coordinator. She administers all contractual and reporting duties for approximately $10 million dollars in federal Congestion Mitigation Air Quality (CMAQ) funding and close to $15 million dollars in DOE's Clean Cities American Recovery Reinvestment Act funding. As coordinator of one of the nation's largest

357

Lattice-Mismatched GaAs/InGaAs Two-Junction Solar Cells by Direct Wafer Bonding  

SciTech Connect

Direct bonded interconnect between subcells of a lattice-mismatched III-V compound multijunction cell would enable dislocation-free active regions by confining the defect network needed for lattice mismatch accommodation to tunnel junction interfaces, while metamorphic growth inevitably results in less design flexibility and lower material quality than is desirable. The first direct-bond interconnected multijunction solar cell, a two-terminal monolithic GaAs/InGaAs two-junction solar cell, is reported and demonstrates viability of direct wafer bonding for solar cell applications. The tandem cell open-circuit voltage was approximately the sum of the subcell open-circuit voltages. This achievement shows direct bonding enables us to construct lattice-mismatched III-V multijunction solar cells and is extensible to an ultrahigh efficiency InGaP/GaAs/InGaAsP/InGaAs four-junction cell by bonding a GaAs-based lattice-matched InGaP/GaAs subcell and an InP-based lattice-matched InGaAsP/InGaAs subcell. The interfacial resistance experimentally obtained for bonded GaAs/InP smaller than 0.10 Ohm-cm{sup 2} would result in a negligible decrease in overall cell efficiency of {approx}0.02%, under 1-sun illumination.

Tanabe, K.; Aiken, D. J.; Wanlass, M. W.; Morral, A. F.; Atwater, H. A.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Growth and characterization of M-plane GaN and (In,Ga)N/GaN multiple quantum wells.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Thema dieser Arbeit ist die Synthese von Wurtzit M-plane (In,Ga)N(1-100)-Heterostrukturen auf g-LiAlO2(100) mittels plasmaunterstützter Molekularstrahlepitaxie (MBE). Der Einfluß der Wachstumsbedingungen auf die strukturellen, morphologischen, und… (more)

Sun, Yue-Jun

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Development of Polarized Electron Source of GaAs-AlGaAs Superlattice and Strained GaAs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

At Nagoya University, we have continued the development of GaAs polarized electron source (PES) for several years. Our test ... a gun producing (1–5) KeV polarized electrons and a standard 100 KeV Mott polarimete...

T. Nakanishi; S. Nakamura

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Natural System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Natural System Natural System Evaluation and Tool Development - FY11 Progress Report Prepared for U.S. Department of Energy Used Fuel Disposition Program Yifeng Wang (SNL) Michael Simpson (INL) Scott Painter (LANL) Hui-Hai Liu (LBNL) Annie B. Kersting (LLNL) July 15, 2011 FCRD-USED-2011-000223 UFD Natural System Evaluation - FY11 Year-End Report July 15, 2011 2 DISCLAIMER This information was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the U.S. Government. Neither the U.S. Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness, of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island ga natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Auger recombination suppression and band alignment in GaAsBi/GaAs heterostructures  

SciTech Connect

Using a combination of experimental and theoretical techniques we present the dependence of the bandgap E{sub g} and the spin orbit splitting energy ?{sub so}, with Bi concentration in GaAsBi/GaAs samples. We find that the concentration at which ?{sub so},> E{sub g} occurs at 9%. Both spectroscopic as well as first device results indicate a type I alignment.

Hild, K.; Batool, Z.; Jin, S. R.; Hossain, N.; Marko, I. P.; Sweeney, S. J. [Advanced Technology Institute and Department of Physics, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH (United Kingdom); Hosea, T. JC. [1 Advanced Technology Institute and Department of Physics, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK and also, Ibnu Sina Institute, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, 81310 (Malaysia); Lu, X. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Victoria, Victoria BC, V8W 3P6, Canada and now VarianSemiconductor Equipment Associates, Gloucester, MA 01930 (United States); Tiedje, T. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Victoria, Victoria BC, V8W 3P6 (Canada)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

362

Recent progress in InGaAsSb/GaSb TPV devices  

SciTech Connect

AstroPower is developing InGaAsSb thermophotovoltaic (TPV) devices. This photovoltaic cell is a two-layer epitaxial InGaAsSb structure formed by liquid-phase epitaxy on a GaSb substrate. The (direct) bandgap of the In{sub 1{minus}x}Ga{sub x}As{sub 1{minus}y}Sb{sub y} alloy is 0.50 to 0.55 eV, depending on its exact alloy composition (x,y); and is closely lattice-matched to the GaSb substrate. The use of the quaternary alloy, as opposed to a ternary alloy--such as, for example InGaAs/InP--permits low bandgap devices optimized for 1,000 to 1,500 C thermal sources with, at the same time, near-exact lattice matching to the GaSb substrate. Lattice matching is important since even a small degree of lattice mismatch degrades device performance and reliability and increases processing complexity. Internal quantum efficiencies as high as 95% have been measured at a wavelength of 2 microns. At 1 micron wavelengths, internal quantum efficiencies of 55% have been observed. The open-circuit voltage at currents of 0.3 A/cm{sup 2} is 0.220 volts and 0.280 V for current densities of 2 A/cm{sup 2}. Fill factors of 56% have been measured at 60 mA/cm{sup 2}. However, as current density increases there is some decrease in fill factor. The results to date show that the GaSb-based quaternary compounds provide a viable and high performance energy conversion solution for thermophotovoltaic systems operating with 1,000 to 1,500 C source temperatures.

Shellenbarger, Z.A.; Mauk, M.G.; DiNetta, L.C. [AstroPower, Inc., Newark, DE (United States); Charache, G.W. [Lockheed Martin Corp., Schenectady, NY (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Radio-frequency reflectometry on an undoped AlGaAs/GaAs single electron transistor  

SciTech Connect

Radio frequency reflectometry is demonstrated in a sub-micron undoped AlGaAs/GaAs device. Undoped single electron transistors (SETs) are attractive candidates to study single electron phenomena, due to their charge stability and robust electronic properties after thermal cycling. However, these devices require a large top-gate, which is unsuitable for the fast and sensitive radio frequency reflectometry technique. Here, we demonstrate that rf reflectometry is possible in an undoped SET.

MacLeod, S. J.; See, A. M.; Keane, Z. K.; Scriven, P.; Micolich, A. P.; Hamilton, A. R., E-mail: Alex.Hamilton@unsw.edu.au [School of Physics, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales 2052 (Australia); Aagesen, M.; Lindelof, P. E. [Nanoscience Center, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 5, DK-2100 Copenhagen (Denmark)] [Nanoscience Center, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 5, DK-2100 Copenhagen (Denmark)

2014-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

364

Rhode Island to Build First Offshore Wind Farm | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rhode Island to Build First Offshore Wind Farm Rhode Island to Build First Offshore Wind Farm Rhode Island to Build First Offshore Wind Farm March 15, 2010 - 6:38pm Addthis Rhode Island’s first offshore wind farm will be built in Block Island. | File photo Rhode Island's first offshore wind farm will be built in Block Island. | File photo Block Island, a small town with only 1,000 full-time, residents, is the site for a big project, when it will become home to Rhode Island's first offshore wind farm. Powerful ocean winds lie right off Block Island's south shore. That's the benefit of offshore wind farms - they can take advantage of the harder, stronger winds found a few miles off the coast Deepwater Wind LLC is leading the effort with plans to construct up to eight wind turbines three miles off of Block Island's shore.

365

Three Mile Island: the financial fallout  

SciTech Connect

The nuclear accident at Three Mile Island raised serious questions about the financial ability of the electric utility company owners to clean up and repair the damaged reactor facilities while continuing to provide reliable electric service to customers. Financial insolvency of the companies is not imminent and power supplies are assured for the immediate future. However, the loss of earnings capability by the Metropolitan Edison Company makes it questionable whether it can fund its share of the clean-up costs and maintain system reliability without large rate increases or some external financial assistance. The accident has shown that the utilities and Federal and State regulatory agencies were not prepared to deal with recovery from such a large financial loss. The Department of Energy should move swiftly to assess the financial needs of the affected utilities and develop plans for meeting them.

Not Available

1980-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

366

Three Mile Island: meltdown of democracy  

SciTech Connect

Strong local opposition to a start-up of Unit 1 at Three Mile Island continues because citizen distrust of General Public Utilities was found in post-accident studies to have been justified. Several citizen groups have monitored the Unit 2 clean-up activities and have not been reassured by either the President's Commission or the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Efforts to improve public relations by distributing radiation kits or other strategies have been outweighed by evidence of government manipulation of early bomb test data and poor industry planning. Arguments over who is responsible for the accident and who is liable for the cost have further undermined credibility. Area residents have received three recent legal signals that their position may prevail. (DCK)

Walsh, E.J.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

The Marshall Islands Data Management Program  

SciTech Connect

This report is a resource document of the methods and procedures used currently in the Data Management Program of the Marshall Islands Dose Assessment and Radioecology Project. Since 1973, over 60,000 environmental samples have been collected. Our program includes relational database design, programming and maintenance; sample and information management; sample tracking; quality control; and data entry, evaluation and reduction. The usefulness of scientific databases involves careful planning in order to fulfill the requirements of any large research program. Compilation of scientific results requires consolidation of information from several databases, and incorporation of new information as it is generated. The success in combining and organizing all radionuclide analysis, sample information and statistical results into a readily accessible form, is critical to our project.

Stoker, A.C.; Conrado, C.L.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Multiband GaNAsP Quaternary Alloys  

SciTech Connect

We have synthesized GaN{sub x}As{sub 1-y}P{sub y} alloys (x {approx} 0.3-1% and y = 0-0.4) using nitrogen N ion implantation into GaAsP epilayers followed by pulsed laser melting and rapid thermal annealing techniques. As predicted by the band anticrossing model, the incorporation of N splits the conduction band (E{sub M}) of the GaAs{sub 1-y}P{sub y} substrate, and strong optical transitions from the valence band to the lower (E{sub -}) and upper (E{sub +}) conduction subbands are observed. The relative strengths of the E{sub -} and E{sub +} transition change as the localized N level E{sub N} emerges from the conduction band forming narrow intermediate band for y > 0.3. The results show that GaN{sub x}As{sub 1-x-y}P{sub y} alloys with y > 0.3 is a three band semiconductor alloy with potential applications for high-efficiency intermediate band solar cells.

Yu, K.M.; Walukiewicz, W.; Ager III, J.W.; Bour, D.; Farshchi,R.; Dubon, O.D.; Li, S.X.; Sharp, I.D.; Haller, E.E.

2005-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

369

Implantation of carbon in GaAs  

SciTech Connect

Carbon implanted into GaAs and thermally annealed typically exhibits very low (<3%) electrical activity. It has been demonstrated that the electrical activity of C can be significantly enhanced by co-implantation with Ga. Improved activation may result from either additional damage of the crystal lattice or from stoichiometric changes, forcing the C atoms onto As sites. To determine the relative importance of each of these effects, I have undertaken a systematic study of carbon activation in GaAs. A range of co-implants have been used: group III (B, Ga), group V (N, P, As) and noble gases (Ar, Kr). The damage introduced to the substrate will depend on the mass of the ion implanted. The group III and group V co-implants will affect the crystal stoichiometry. The results indicate that both lattice damage and crystal stoichiometry are important for high electrical activity of C. Increasing the damage will increase the activation due to the increased number of As vacancies but maximum activation can be obtained only by a co-implant which not only damages the lattice but also forces the C to occupy an As site.

Moll, A.J.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

O?[]O? nuclear ?-decay of ?²Ga  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The branching ratio for the ?-Decay of ?²Ga to the first excited O? state in ?²Zn has been measured. It is possible to use this branching ratio to test the theoretical method of calculating the [] component of the charge correction term [], which...

Hyman, Bruce Carl

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

371

NATURE STUDY  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...last two numbers of SCIENCE have appeared articles by Drs. Wheeler and Chapman on the abuses of nature writing as exemplified...imprint of Rand, IeNally and Co., 1903, and its author is Katherine E. Dopp, of the Extension Division of the Chicago University...

E. C. CASE

1904-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Marketing Mother Nature’s Molecules  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Marketing Mother Nature’s Molecules ... Yet molecules made by Mother Nature, or derivatives thereof, still account for nearly half of the drugs on the market. ...

LISA JARVIS

2012-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

373

Pressure-Induced Transformations of the Low-Cristobalite Phase of GaPO4  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tsuneyuki et al. predicted a new high pressure phase of silica using a molecular dynamics calculation; this calculation was novel in that it predicted a new crystal structure using only a knowledge of the chemical composition [Nature (London) 339, 209 (1989)]. We report that the low-cristobalite phase of GaPO4 undergoes a pressure-induced transition at 15.9 GPa to this novel phase, which contains tetrahedral and octahedral coordination shells of oxygen atoms around the phosphorus and gallium atoms, respectively. This pressure-induced coordination change in GaPO4 verifies a mechanism proposed for the tetrahedral-to-octahedral coordination change in minerals that occurs in the transition zone between the upper and lower mantle.

Julie L. Robeson; Robert R. Winters; William S. Hammack

1994-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

374

Nano-scale characterization of GaAsP/GaAs strained superlattice structure by nano-beam electron diffraction  

SciTech Connect

Distribution of lattice strain in a GaAsP/GaAs superlattice with a periodicity of 10?nm thickness, deposited on a 100?nm GaAs basal layer has been measured by nano-beam electron diffraction. The superlattice on the (001) plane of the basal GaAs layer shows a constant lattice strain from the bottom to the top layers, whereas the superlattice on the basal GaAs surface sloped by 16° from the (001) plane shows a variation of the lattice strain and crystal orientation. The difference of the strain distributions was discussed from the viewpoint of average strain. This tilt was explained by an atomistic model.

Jin, Xiuguang [Institute for Advanced Research, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8603 (Japan); Nakahara, Hirotaka [Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8603 (Japan); Saitoh, Koh; Tanaka, Nobuo [EcoTopia Science Institute, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8603 (Japan); Takeda, Yoshikazu [Nagoya Industrial Science Research Institute, Nagoya 464-0819 (Japan); Aichi Synchrotron Radiation Center, Aichi Science and Technology Foundation, Seto 489-0965 (Japan)

2014-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

375

Chemical beam epitaxy growth of AlGaAs/GaAs tunnel junctions using trimethyl aluminium for multijunction solar cells  

SciTech Connect

AlGaAs/GaAs tunnel junctions for use in high concentration multijunction solar cells were designed and grown by chemical beam epitaxy (CBE) using trimethyl aluminium (TMA) as the p-dopant source for the AlGaAs active layer. Controlled hole concentration up to 4?10{sup 20} cm{sup ?3} was achieved through variation in growth parameters. Fabricated tunnel junctions have a peak tunneling current up to 6140 A/cm{sup 2}. These are suitable for high concentration use and outperform GaAs/GaAs tunnel junctions.

Paquette, B.; DeVita, M.; Turala, A.; Kolhatkar, G.; Boucherif, A.; Jaouad, A.; Aimez, V.; Arès, R. [Institut Interdisciplinaire d'Innovation Technologique (3IT), Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec (Canada)] [Institut Interdisciplinaire d'Innovation Technologique (3IT), Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec (Canada); Wilkins, M.; Wheeldon, J. F.; Walker, A. W.; Hinzer, K. [Centre for Research in Photonics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON (Canada)] [Centre for Research in Photonics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON (Canada); Fafard, S. [Cyrium Technologies Inc., Ottawa, ON (Canada)] [Cyrium Technologies Inc., Ottawa, ON (Canada)

2013-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

376

USVI Energy Road Map: Charting the Course to a Clean Energy Future (Brochure), EDIN (Energy Development in Island Nations), U.S. Virgin Islands  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

USVI Energy Road Map Charting the Course to a Clean Energy Future EDIN Energy Development in Island Nations U.S. Virgin Islands EDIN Energy Development in Island Nations U.S. Virgin Islands EDIN Energy Development in Island Nations EDIN Energy Development in Island Nations U.S. Virgin Islands EDIN Energy Development in Island Nations EDIN Energy Development in Island Nations 1 USVI Energy Road Map Energy transformation. It's an enormous undertaking. One that has been discussed for decades. Debated hotly. Pursued intermittently. And supported halfheartedly in response to various short-lived crises. Until now. Today, the need to move beyond the status quo is driven not by "doom-and-gloom" predictions but by realities on the ground. The global economy is under constant threat as

377

USVI Energy Road Map: Charting the Course to a Clean Energy Future (Brochure), EDIN (Energy Development in Island Nations), U.S. Virgin Islands  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

USVI Energy Road Map Charting the Course to a Clean Energy Future EDIN Energy Development in Island Nations U.S. Virgin Islands EDIN Energy Development in Island Nations U.S. Virgin Islands EDIN Energy Development in Island Nations EDIN Energy Development in Island Nations U.S. Virgin Islands EDIN Energy Development in Island Nations EDIN Energy Development in Island Nations 1 USVI Energy Road Map Energy transformation. It's an enormous undertaking. One that has been discussed for decades. Debated hotly. Pursued intermittently. And supported halfheartedly in response to various short-lived crises. Until now. Today, the need to move beyond the status quo is driven not by "doom-and-gloom" predictions but by realities on the ground. The global economy is under constant threat as

378

Electron tunneling spectroscopy study of electrically active traps in AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistors  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the energy levels of electron traps in AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistors by the use of electron tunneling spectroscopy. Detailed analysis of a typical spectrum, obtained in a wide gate bias range and with both bias polarities, suggests the existence of electron traps both in the bulk of AlGaN and at the AlGaN/GaN interface. The energy levels of the electron traps have been determined to lie within a 0.5?eV band below the conduction band minimum of AlGaN, and there is strong evidence suggesting that these traps contribute to Frenkel-Poole conduction through the AlGaN barrier.

Yang, Jie, E-mail: jie.yang@yale.edu; Cui, Sharon; Ma, T. P. [Department of Electrical Engineering, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 (United States)] [Department of Electrical Engineering, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 (United States); Hung, Ting-Hsiang; Nath, Digbijoy; Krishnamoorthy, Sriram; Rajan, Siddharth [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)] [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

379

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

,366 ,366 95,493 1.08 0 0.00 1 0.03 29,406 0.56 1,206 0.04 20,328 0.64 146,434 0.73 - Natural Gas 1996 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: South Carolina South Carolina 88. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas South Carolina, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ...........................................

380

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0,216 0,216 50,022 0.56 135 0.00 49 1.67 85,533 1.63 8,455 0.31 45,842 1.45 189,901 0.95 - Natural Gas 1996 Million Percent of Million Percent of Cu. Feet National Total Cu. Feet National Total Net Interstate Movements: Industrial: Marketed Production: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: M a r y l a n d Maryland 68. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Maryland, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... NA NA NA NA NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 9 7 7 7 8 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 33 28 26 22 135 From Oil Wells ...........................................

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island ga natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Age And Nature Of Deposits On The Submarine Flanks Of Piton De La Fournaise  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Age And Nature Of Deposits On The Submarine Flanks Of Piton De La Fournaise Age And Nature Of Deposits On The Submarine Flanks Of Piton De La Fournaise (Reunion Island) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Age And Nature Of Deposits On The Submarine Flanks Of Piton De La Fournaise (Reunion Island) Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Debris-avalanche deposits are by far the most extensive and voluminous formations in the submarine domain around Reunion Island. 21 sites sampled offshore of Piton de la Fournaise were studied. All the dredged rocks have a volcanic origin and often consist of blocks buried in a finer-grained matrix. Both massive and vesiculated samples were found, but only rare fragments of pillow lavas were encountered. All the lavas are basalts with variable amounts of olivine. A few plagioclase-bearing basalts

382

Natural Currents Energy Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Natural Currents Energy Services Natural Currents Energy Services Jump to: navigation, search Name Natural Currents Energy Services Address 24 Roxanne Blvd Place Highland Zip 12528 Sector Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone number 845-691-4008 Website http://www.naturalcurrents.com Region United States LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This company is listed in the Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Database. This company is involved in the following MHK Projects: Angoon Tidal Energy Plant Avalon Tidal BW2 Tidal Cape Cod Tidal Energy Project Cape May Tidal Energy Cohansey River Tidal Energy Cuttyhunk Tidal Energy Plant Dorchester Maurice Tidal Fishers Island Tidal Energy Project Gastineau Channel Tidal Highlands Tidal Energy Project Housatonic Tidal Energy Plant

383

Influence of air conditioning management on heat island in Paris air street temperatures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Influence of air conditioning management on heat island in Paris air street temperatures Brice 2012 Available online 13 March 2012 Keywords: Air conditioning Heat island mitigation Urban heat island killer'', is exacerbated in urban areas owing to the heat island effect. Air conditioning (A/C) is a key

Ribes, Aurélien

384

Infrared emission from the substrate of GaAs-based semiconductor lasers Mathias Ziegler,1,a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GaP single QW surrounded by AlGaInP waveguide WG and cladding layers, whereas the NIR laser incorporates a GaInfrared emission from the substrate of GaAs-based semiconductor lasers Mathias Ziegler,1,a Robert in GaAs-based broad-area laser diodes. Spectrally and spatially resolved scanning optical microscopy

Peinke, Joachim

385

Natural Resource Management, Environmental Protection Division (EPD),  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EPD Home EPD Home Site Details Home Page Management Amphibians Birds Fish Invertebrates Mammals Plants Pictures Reptiles Research/Internships Other Information BNL Site Index Can't View PDFs? Natural Resource Management at Brookhaven National Laboratory Welcome to BNL's Natural Resources web site! Within this web site you will find interesting information concerning the Natural Resources program (what we are doing and plan to do), plant and animal species found onsite, great photos of our habitat and wildlife, management issues we are dealing with, and links to other sites of interest. Introduction The Laboratory is located in a section of the Oak/Chestnut forest region of the coastal Plain of Long Island, New York. Forest types are typically oak-pine or pine-oak. BNL property constitutes roughly five percent of the 404.7 sq-km (100,000 acre) Pine Barrens on Long Island. Because of the general topography and porous soil, there is little surface runoff or open water. Upland soils tend to be very well drained, while depressions form ephemeral coastal plain ponds. Hence, a mosaic of wet and dry areas on site are correlated with variations in topography and depth to the water table. Without fires or other disturbances, vegetation would follow the normal moisture gradient closely. In actuality, vegetation onsite is in various stages of succession, reflecting the history of disturbances to the area, the most important of which are land clearing, fire, local flooding, and draining.

386

Energy Incentive Programs, Rhode Island | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rhode Island Rhode Island Energy Incentive Programs, Rhode Island October 29, 2013 - 1:19pm Addthis Updated October 2012 What public-purpose-funded energy efficiency programs are available in my state? Rhode Island's restructuring law includes a system benefits charge of 2 mill/kWh for energy efficiency programs, and 0.3 mills/kWh for renewable energy programs, through 2012. Over $35 million was budgeted for energy efficiency across all program types (including low-income and residential) in 2010; figures for 2011 are not available. The programs are administered by the local utilities. Rebates are available state-wide through the Cool Choice program, which provides rebates for high-efficiency HVAC equipment, including split system and single packaged air conditions and heat pumps. Dual enthalpy economizer

387

N. Mariana Islands - Building Energy Code | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

N. Mariana Islands - Building Energy Code N. Mariana Islands - Building Energy Code N. Mariana Islands - Building Energy Code < Back Eligibility Commercial Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Program Info Program Type Building Energy Code Provider Department of Public Works ''Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program and the Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For more detailed information about building energy codes, visit the [http://www.energycodes.gov/states/ DOE] and [http://bcap-ocean.org/ BCAP] web sites.'' Building codes for the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI)

388

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Staten Island Warehouse - NY 22  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Staten Island Warehouse - NY 22 Staten Island Warehouse - NY 22 FUSRAP Considered Sites Staten Island Warehouse, NY Alternate Name(s): Archer-Daniels Midland Company NY.22-3 Location: 2393 Richmond Terrace, Port Richmond, New York NY.22-2 Historical Operations: Stored pitchblende (high-grade uranium ore), which was purchased by the MED for the first atomic bomb. NY.22-3 Eligibility Determination: Eligible Radiological Survey(s): Assessment Survey NY.22-5 Site Status: Referred by DOE, evaluation in progess by U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. USACE Website Long-term Care Requirements: To be determined upon completion. Also see Documents Related to Staten Island Warehouse, NY NY.22-1 - MED Trip Report Summary; Authors: Ruhoff (Corps of Engineers) and Geddes (Stone & Webster); Subject: Trip to New York;

389

An Audio-Magnetotelluric Investigation In Terceira Island (Azores) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Audio-Magnetotelluric Investigation In Terceira Island (Azores) Audio-Magnetotelluric Investigation In Terceira Island (Azores) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: An Audio-Magnetotelluric Investigation In Terceira Island (Azores) Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Ten audio-magnetotelluric soundings have been carried out along a profile crossing the Serra do Cume caldera in the eastern part of the Terceira Island (Azores). The main objectives of this investigation were to detect geoelectrical features related with tectonic structures and to characterize regional hydrological and hydrothermal aspects mainly those related to geothermal fluid dynamics. Three-dimensional numerical investigation showed that the data acquired at periods shorter than 1 s are not significantly affected by ocean effect. The data was analysed using the

390

U.S. Virgin Islands - Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Virgin Islands - Net Metering U.S. Virgin Islands - Net Metering U.S. Virgin Islands - Net Metering < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Institutional Local Government Residential Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Wind Program Info Program Type Net Metering In February 2007, the U.S. Virgin Islands Public Services Commission approved a limited net-metering program for residential and commercial photovoltaic (PV), wind-energy or other renewable energy system up to 10 kilowatts (kW) in capacity. In July 2009, the legislature passed Act 7075 that raised the capacity limits to 20 kW for residential systems, 100 kW for commercial systems, and 500 kW for public (which includes government, schools, hospitals). The aggregate capacity limit of all net-metered systems is five megawatts

391

Long Island Power Authority Solar Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Project Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Long Island Power Authority Solar Project Facility Long Island Power Authority Solar Project Sector Solar Facility Type Roof-mount Owner EnXco Developer EnXco Energy Purchaser Long Island Power Authority Location Long Island, New York Coordinates 40.8168025°, -73.0661493° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.8168025,"lon":-73.0661493,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

392

Cool Roofs and Heat Islands | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cool Roofs and Heat Islands Cool Roofs and Heat Islands Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Cool Roofs Agency/Company /Organization: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Resource assessment Website: eetd.lbl.gov/r-bldgsee-crhi.html References: [1] Logo: Cool Roofs "On warm summer days, a city can be 6 to 8°F warmer than its surrounding areas. This effect is called the urban heat island. Cool roof materials, pavements, and vegetation can reduce the heat island effect, save energy and reduce smog formation. The goal of this research is to develop cool materials to save energy and money." [1] The Cool Roof Calculator developed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory is a useful tool for exploring the benefits of cool materials.

393

ISO New England Forward Capacity Market (Rhode Island) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ISO New England Forward Capacity Market (Rhode Island) ISO New England Forward Capacity Market (Rhode Island) ISO New England Forward Capacity Market (Rhode Island) < Back Eligibility Developer Industrial State/Provincial Govt Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Rhode Island Program Type Generating Facility Rate-Making Under the Forward Capacity Market (FCM), ISO New England projects the capacity needs of the region's power system three years in advance and then holds an annual auction to purchase the power resources that will satisfy those future regional requirements. Resources that clear in the auction are obligated to provide power or curtail demand when called upon by the ISO. The Forward Capacity Market was developed by ISO New England, the six New

394

American Samoa's Rebate Program Brings ENERGY STAR to Island | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

American Samoa's Rebate Program Brings ENERGY STAR to Island American Samoa's Rebate Program Brings ENERGY STAR to Island American Samoa's Rebate Program Brings ENERGY STAR to Island August 13, 2010 - 12:00pm Addthis American Samoa is located in the South Pacific Ocean, with temperature around 80 degrees year round. | Photo courtesy of Maleleg American Samoa is located in the South Pacific Ocean, with temperature around 80 degrees year round. | Photo courtesy of Maleleg Lindsay Gsell American Samoa, a small island of 66,000 residents in the Pacific Ocean, is a warm 80 degrees almost year round, but during the summer, the humidity can make it feel downright hot. Because of its remote location, appliances and electricity are costly - and until recently, home air conditioning units were fairly rare. Now thanks to a $100,000 grant through the American Recovery and

395

FUPWG Meeting Agenda - Providence, Rhode Island | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Providence, Rhode Island Providence, Rhode Island FUPWG Meeting Agenda - Providence, Rhode Island October 7, 2013 - 2:51pm Addthis Image of the FUPWG logo which displays an illustration of a sailboat on water. The logo reads Efficiency Promotion by the Ocean; FUPWG April 14-15, 2010; Providence, Rhode Island. April 14-15, 2010 Hosted by National Grid The following outlines sessions and presentations held during the Spring 2010 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting. Some of the following documents are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs. Download Adobe Reader. Tuesday, April 13, 2010 FUPWG held a utility energy service contract (UESC) workshop prior to the Spring 2010 meeting. The workshop materials are available (PDF 5.0 MB) Wednesday, April 14, 2010 8:30 am Welcome

396

Demonstration of Black Liquor Gasification at Big Island  

SciTech Connect

This Final Technical Report provides an account of the project for the demonstration of Black Liquor Gasification at Georgia-Pacific LLC's Big Island, VA facility. This report covers the period from May 5, 2000 through November 30, 2006.

Robert DeCarrera

2007-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

397

Understanding salt-marsh accretion, Scolt Head Island, Norfolk, England  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurements of surface sediment accretion have been obtained for Hut Marsh, Scolt Head Island, Norfolk, England, using sand marker horizons. More than eighty 1-m2 marker sites were deployed in October 1983, and ...

David R. Stoddart; Denise J. Reed; Jonathan R. French

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Indigenous Knowledge for Environmental Prediction in the Pacific Island Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Indigenous people in Pacific Island countries (PICs) often use their knowledge of the environment, acquired through generations of holistic observational practices and experimental learning, to make meteorological forecasts. Such knowledge systems ...

Savin S. Chand; Lynda E. Chambers; Mike Waiwai; Philip Malsale; Elisabeth Thompson

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

HEALTH EFFECTS OF THE NUCLEAR ACCIDENT AT THREE MILE ISLAND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

occurred during the nuclear accident, and probably noHEALTH EFFECTS OF THE NUCLEAR ACCIDENT AT MILE ISLAND JacobENG-48 HEALTH EFFECTS OF THE NUCLEAR ACCIDENT A T THREE MILE

Fabrikant, J.I.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

the Interior FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office 300 Ala Moana Boulevard, Room 3-122, Box 50088 Honolulu, Hawaii 96850 In Reply Refer To: 20 lO-F...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island ga natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

BIRDS OF LAYSAN AND THE LEEWARD' ISLANDS, HAWAIIAN GROUP.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Necker, French Frigate (or Brooks) Shoals, Gardner, Laysan, Lisiansky, Midway, Cure, and Morell, together," based upon material collected in 1891 by Henry Palmer on Laysan, Lisiansky, and Midway islands

402

Northern Mariana Islands: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

can help OpenEI by expanding it. The Northern Mariana Islands is a commonwealth in political union with the United States of America. References IMF World Economic Outlook...

403

Rules and Regulations for Sewage Sludge Management (Rhode Island)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The purpose of these rules and regulations is to ensure that sewage sludge that is treated, land applied, disposed, distributed, stockpiled or transported in the State of Rhode Island is done so in...

404

Bristol County, Rhode Island: Energy Resources | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Bristol County is a county in Rhode Island. Its FIPS County Code is 001. It is classified as ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate...

405

Renewable Energy and Inter-Island Power Transmission (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation summarizes recent findings pertaining to inter-island connection of renewable and other energy sources, in particular, as these findings relate cable options, routing, specifications, and pros and cons.

Gevorgian, V.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Hydrothermal exploration drilling on the island of Akutan, Alaska...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Near a volcano in a remote part of the Alaskan Aleutian Island chain, the largest seafood producer in North America could be completely powered by geothermal energy. A new...

407

Quantitative analysis of forest island pattern in selected Ohio landscapes  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study was to quantitatively describe the various aspects of regional distribution patterns of forest islands and relate those patterns to other landscape features. Several maps showing the forest cover of various counties in Ohio were selected as representative examples of forest patterns to be quantified. Ten thousand hectare study areas (landscapes) were delineated on each map. A total of 15 landscapes representing a wide variety of forest island patterns was chosen. Data were converted into a series of continuous variables which contained information pertinent to the sizes, shape, numbers, and spacing of woodlots within a landscape. The continuous variables were used in a factor analysis to describe the variation among landscapes in terms of forest island pattern. The results showed that forest island patterns are related to topography and other environmental features correlated with topography.

Bowen, G.W.; Burgess, R.L.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Seasonality of the Urban Heat Island Effect in Madison, Wisconsin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Spatial and temporal variation in the urban heat island (UHI) effect from March 2012 through October 2013 was characterized using continuous temperature measurements from an array of up to 151 fixed sensors in and around Madison, Wisconsin, an ...

Jason Schatz; Christopher J. Kucharik

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Rhode Island/Wind Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rhode Island/Wind Resources Rhode Island/Wind Resources < Rhode Island Jump to: navigation, search Print PDF Print Full Version WIND ENERGY STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT & OUTREACHSmall Wind Guidebook Home OpenEI Home >> Wind >> Small Wind Guidebook >> Rhode Island Wind Resources WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical for Me? * What Size Wind Turbine Do I Need? * What Are the Basic Parts of a Small Wind Electric System? * What Do Wind Systems Cost? * Where Can I Find Installation and Maintenance Support? * How Much Energy Will My System Generate? * Is There Enough Wind on My Site? * How Do I Choose the Best Site for My Wind Turbine? * Can I Connect My System to the Utility Grid?

410

Rhode Island Offshore Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Island Offshore Wind Farm Island Offshore Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Rhode Island Offshore Wind Farm Facility Rhode Island Offshore Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Offshore Wind Facility Status Proposed Developer Deepwater Wind Location Offshore from Sakonnet RI Coordinates 40.96°, -71.44° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.96,"lon":-71.44,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

411

United States Virgin Islands: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Islands: Energy Resources Islands: Energy Resources (Redirected from Virgin Islands) Jump to: navigation, search Name United States Virgin Islands 2-letter ISO code VI 3-letter ISO code VIR Numeric ISO code 850 Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 4796775 UN Region[1] Latin America and the Caribbean Coordinates 18.34829°, -64.98348° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":18.34829,"lon":-64.98348,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

412

Rules and Regulations for Groundwater Quality (Rhode Island)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

These regulations provide standards for groundwater quality in the state of Rhode Island. The rules are intended to protect and restore the quality of the state's groundwater resources for use as...

413

Seasonal structure of fish communities at three barrier island habitats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

island ecosystems in the life cycle of these fishes must be better understood before we can effectively manage these important species. Previous studies (Reid 1955, Gunter 1958, Hellier 1962, HcFar land 1963, Pranks 1970, Livingston 1976, Naughton... Bay, Florida and the adjacent beachfront have been described by Naughton and Saloman (1978). Franks (1970) studied species composition and relative abundance of' the fish population inland of Horn Island, Mississippi. Seasonality of' fishes...

Pitts, Donald Eugene

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

414

Sustainability of remote communities: 100% renewable island of Hvar  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Island communities require in-detail mapping of resources available for exploitation for energy purposes since infrastructure and connections to the mainland present in most cases a weak point of the island energy supply. As the present energy supply on Croatian islands relies mostly on fossil fuels and electricity from the mainland it becomes obvious that exploitation of renewable energy sources is the only solution that leads towards self-sufficiency and sustainable development. In order to design a self-sufficient and sustainable island three major technological changes are needed: integration of renewable energy sources alongside with energy savings and improvements in energy efficiency in the energy production. Analyses for several other Croatian islands have been performed using Renewislands/ADEG methodology in order to assess all possible outcomes. The scenarios in these cases have shown that islands can become self-sufficient through combining renewable technologies and energy storage systems. Energy storage systems will be crucial for achieving desired objectives in terms of energy independence from the mainland and in general import of fossil fuels. The analysis conducted for the island of Hvar will result in creation of several scenarios which will clearly point out the favorable solutions for improvement of both security of energy supply and covering the majority of energy demand with renewable energy sources and storage technologies. Also when talking about implementation of renewable technologies on island of Hvar an optimal mix of technologies must be applied in order to avoid excess costs and to achieve minimal impact on environment in terms of visual pollution.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

A wave refraction analysis for an axially symmetrical island  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physics. 2nd ed. New York; Strechert. (New York: Reprinted by Hafner Publishing Company, 1950). 748 pp. KRIEGER, H. W. (1943). "Island Peoples of the Western Pacific, Micronesia and Melanesia, " Smithsonian In- stitution War Background Studies, No. 16... Physics. 2nd ed. New York; Strechert. (New York: Reprinted by Hafner Publishing Company, 1950). 748 pp. KRIEGER, H. W. (1943). "Island Peoples of the Western Pacific, Micronesia and Melanesia, " Smithsonian In- stitution War Background Studies, No. 16...

Forst, Ronald John

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

416

0.7-eV GaInAs Junction for a GaInP/GaAs/GaInAs(1eV)/GaInAs(0.7eV) Four-Junction Solar Cell  

SciTech Connect

We discuss recent developments in III-V multijunction solar cells, focusing on adding a fourth junction to the Ga{sub 0.5}In{sub 0.5} P/GaAs/Ga{sub 0.75}In{sub 0.25}As inverted three-junction cell. This cell, grown inverted on GaAs so that the lattice-mismatched Ga{sub 0.75}In{sub 0.25}As third junction is the last one grown, has demonstrated 38% efficiency, and 40% is likely in the near future. To achieve still further gains, a lower-bandgap Ga{sub x}In{sub 1-x}As fourth junction could be added to the three-junction structure for a four-junction cell whose efficiency could exceed 45% under concentration. Here, we present the initial development of the Ga{sub x}In{sub 1-x}As fourth junction. Junctions of various bandgaps ranging from 0.88 to 0.73 eV were grown, in order to study the effect of the different amounts of lattice mismatch. At a bandgap of 0.88 eV, junctions were obtained with very encouraging {approx}80% quantum efficiency, 57% fill factor, and 0.36 eV open-circuit voltage. The device performance degrades with decreasing bandgap (i.e., increasing lattice mismatch). We model the four-junction device efficiency vs. fourth junction bandgap to show that an 0.7-eV fourth-junction bandgap, while optimal if it could be achieved in practice, is not necessary; an 0.9-eV bandgap would still permit significant gains in multijunction cell efficiency while being easier to achieve than the lower-bandgap junction.

Friedman, D. J.; Geisz, J. F.; Norman, A. G.; Wanlass, M. W.; Kurtz, S. R.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Direct observation of Ga-rich microdomains in crack-free AlGaN grown on patterned GaNsapphire substrates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.e., a homogeneous aluminum content, is found near the sample surface. However, the strong rise of quantum efficiency for AlGaN because the Al alloys also nucleate on the mask materials. Recently, growth on patterned structured into a periodic grid of trenches and terraces along 1100 . Prior to the final AlGaN ( Al 0

Nabben, Reinhard

418

Monolithic integration of GaAs and h~~~~Ga~.~Aslasers by molecular epitaxy on GaAs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

where the thick cladding layer below the active laser region acts as a buffer layer to-yield comparable epitaxial regrowth of Ino.aGaesAs lasers through dielectric masks between GaAs laser stripes on a GaAs substrate has been used for the -first time- to monolithically integrate these two lasers emitting near 1

419

Kohlenstoffhaltige ternäre Verbindungen (V-Ge-C, Nb-Ga-C, Ta-Ga-C, Ta-Ge-C, Cr-Ga-C und Cr-Ge-C)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Die ternären Phasen V2GeC, Cr2GaC und Cr2GeC werden aus den Komponenten hergestellt und als H-Phasen identifiziert. Ferner dürften auch die H-Phasen Ti2GaC, und Ti2GeC existieren. In gleicher Weise hergestellte L...

W. Jeitschko; H. Nowotny; F. Benesovsky

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

An updated dose assessment for Rongelap Island  

SciTech Connect

We have updated the radiological dose assessment for Rongelap Island at Rongelap Atoll using data generated from field trips to the atoll during 1986 through 1993. The data base used for this dose assessment is ten fold greater than that available for the 1982 assessment. Details of each data base are presented along with details about the methods used to calculate the dose from each exposure pathway. The doses are calculated for a resettlement date of January 1, 1995. The maximum annual effective dose is 0.26 mSv y{sup {minus}1} (26 mrem y{sup {minus}1}). The estimated 30-, 50-, and 70-y integral effective doses are 0.0059 Sv (0.59 rem), 0.0082 Sv (0.82 rem), and 0.0097 Sv (0.97 rem), respectively. More than 95% of these estimated doses are due to 137-Cesium ({sup 137}Cs). About 1.5% of the estimated dose is contributed by 90-Strontium ({sup 90}Sr), and about the same amount each by 239+240-Plutonium ({sup 239+240}PU), and 241-Americium ({sup 241}Am).

Robison, W.L.; Conrado, C.L.; Bogen, K.T.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island ga natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Fabrication and Characterization of a GaN Light-emitting Diode (LED) with a Centered Island Cathode  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Uniform spreading of injection current in light-emitting diodes (LEDs) is one of the crucial requirements for better device performances. It is reported that non-uniform current...

Park, Yun Soo; Lee, Hwan Gi; Yang, Chung-Mo; Kim, Dong-Seok; Bae, Jin-Hyuk; Cho, Seongjae; Lee, Jung-Hee; Kang, In Man

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Effect of AlGaN/GaN strained layer superlattice period on InGaN MQW laser diodes[Multiple Quantum Wells  

SciTech Connect

AlGaN/GaN strained layer superlattices have been employed in the cladding layers of InGaN multi-quantum well laser diodes grown by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD). Superlattices have been investigated for strain relief of the cladding layer, as well as an enhanced hole concentration, which is more than ten times the value obtained for bulk AlGaN films. Laser diodes with strained layer superlattices as cladding layers were shown to have superior structural and electrical properties compared to laser diodes with bulk AlGaN cladding layers. As the period of the strained layer superlattices is decreased, the threshold voltage, as well as the threshold current density, is decreased. The resistance to vertical conduction through p-type superlattices with increasing superlattice period is not offset by the increase in hole concentration for increasing superlattice spacing, resulting in higher voltages.

Hansen, M.; Abare, A.C.; Kozodoy, P.; Katona, T.M.; Craven, M.D.; Speck, J.S.; Mishra, U.K.; Coldren, L.A.; DenBaars, S.P.

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Amphibians and Reptiles, Luzon Island, Aurora Province and Aurora Memorial National Park, Northern Philippines: New island distribution records  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report 35 new amphibian and reptile distribution records for two regions within the southern Sierra Madre Mountain Range, Aurora Province, central Luzon Island, Philippines. Together with results of our previous survey ...

Brown, Rafe M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Zoogeography of Pacific Ocean islands: a comparison of the rotifer faunas of Easter Island and the Galápagos archipelago  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

During September 1990, an extensive sampling of the freshwaters of Easter Island was conducted. The resulting list of rotifer species, supplemented by taxa present in samples collected during a previous trip t...

Hendrik Segers; Henri J. Dumont

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Numerical Simulations of Island Effects on Airflow and Weather during the Summer over the Island of Oahu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Honolulu, Hawaii FRANCIS FUJIOKA Pacific Southwest Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Riverside flow from the open ocean is distorted and disrupted by the mountains, hills, and valleys of the islands

Chen, Yi-Leng

426

Radiation Hard AlGaN Detectors and Imager  

SciTech Connect

Radiation hardness of AlGaN photodiodes was tested using a 65 MeV proton beam with a total proton fluence of 3x10{sup 12} protons/cm{sup 2}. AlGaN Deep UV Photodiode have extremely high radiation hardness. These new devices have mission critical applications in high energy density physics (HEDP) and space explorations. These new devices satisfy radiation hardness requirements by NIF. NSTec is developing next generation AlGaN optoelectronics and imagers.

None

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Optimisation of doping cladding layers in AlGaInP/GaInP laser heterostructures  

SciTech Connect

The influence of cladding doping level on the characteristics of laser diodes, which are based on an AlGaInP/GaInP/GaAs system and emit at wavelengths of 670-680 nm, is studied. It is shown experimentally that, as the ratio of the cladding doping levels P/N increases, the inversion current density J{sub 0} and the differential gain {beta} also increase. A monotonic increase in the characteristic temperature T{sub 0} accompanies this process. The internal quantum yield {eta}{sub 0} of stimulated recombination has a maximum at P/N=2.1. Laser diodes with a mesastripe width of 100 {mu}m are manufactured. The cw radiation power emitted by them is as high as 1000 mW at an efficiency of 1.55 W A{sup -1}. (active media. lasers)

Chel'nyi, A A; Aluev, A V; Maslov, S V [M.F. Stel'makh Polyus Research and Development Institute, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2004-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

428

Graphene in ohmic contact for both n-GaN and p-GaN  

SciTech Connect

The wrinkles of single layer graphene contacted with either n-GaN or p-GaN were found both forming ohmic contacts investigated by conductive atomic force microscopy. The local I–V results show that some of the graphene wrinkles act as high-conductive channels and exhibiting ohmic behaviors compared with the flat regions with Schottky characteristics. We have studied the effects of the graphene wrinkles using density-functional-theory calculations. It is found that the standing and folded wrinkles with zigzag or armchair directions have a tendency to decrease or increase the local work function, respectively, pushing the local Fermi level towards n- or p-type GaN and thus improving the transport properties. These results can benefit recent topical researches and applications for graphene as electrode material integrated in various semiconductor devices.

Zhong, Haijian; Liu, Zhenghui; Shi, Lin; Xu, Gengzhao; Fan, Yingmin; Huang, Zengli [Suzhou Institute of Nano-Tech and Nano-Bionics, CAS, Suzhou 215123 (China); Wang, Jianfeng; Ren, Guoqiang; Xu, Ke, E-mail: kxu2006@sinano.ac.cn [Suzhou Institute of Nano-Tech and Nano-Bionics, CAS, Suzhou 215123 (China); Suzhou Nanowin Science and Technology Co., Ltd., Suzhou 215123 (China)

2014-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

429

Efficiency enhancement of InGaN/GaN solar cells with nanostructures  

SciTech Connect

We demonstrate InGaN/GaN multi-quantum-well solar cells with nanostructures operating at a wavelength of 520?nm. Nanostructures with a periodic nanorod or nanohole array are fabricated by means of modified nanosphere lithography. Under 1 sun air-mass 1.5 global spectrum illumination, a fill factor of 50 and an open circuit voltage of 1.9?V are achieved in spite of very high indium content in InGaN alloys usually causing degradation of crystal quality. Both the nanorod array and the nanohole array significantly improve the performance of solar cells, while a larger enhancement is observed for the nanohole array, where the conversion efficiency is enhanced by 51%.

Bai, J.; Yang, C. C.; Athanasiou, M.; Wang, T. [Department of Electronics and Electrical Engineering, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S1 3JD (United Kingdom)

2014-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

430

Optoelectrical characteristics of green light-emitting diodes containing thick InGaN wells with digitally grown InN/GaN  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Compared with conventionally grown thin InGaN wells, thick InGaN wells with digitally grown InN/GaN exhibit superior optical properties. The activation energy (48 meV) of thick InGaN...

Yu, Chun-Ta; Lai, Wei-Chih; Yen, Cheng-Hsiung; Hsu, Hsu-Cheng; Chang, Shoou-Jinn

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

In: Proceedings of the 1995 International environmental conference; 1995 May 7-10; Atlanta, GA. Atlanta, GA: TAPPI PRESS: 445-448; 1995.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Atlanta, GA: TAPPI PRESS: 445-448; 1995. ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND ALTERNATIVES FOR UPGRADING MIXED OFFICE

Abubakr, Said

432

Raman scattering studies of the GaAs native oxide interface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Oxide filmsgrown by heat treatment on the 100 and 111 faces of GaAs have been studied by Raman backscattering. A spectrum consisting of the bulk LO and TO lines of GaAs and two additional lines labeled R1 and R2 is observed on all samples prepared at temperatures above 435° C. The additional modes are attributed to an interface region of perhaps several hundred angstroms thickness beneath the oxide film. This structure appears to be made unstable by chemical removal of the film. After the film is removed the spectrum is annealed (returns to that of GaAs) in a matter of weeks at room temperature and in about 1 h at 400° C whether the annealing atmosphere is N2 O2 or forming gas. One of the modes R2 appears to scatter as a scalar i.e. a diagonal Raman matrix element. Spectra by the R1 mode on the other hand appear to be largely unpolarized or possibly slightly nondiagonal in character. Some speculations about the possible nature of the interface region are presented.

J. A. Cape; W. E. Tennant; L. G. Hale

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Surface Science Analysis of GaAs Photocathodes Following Sustained...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Spectrometry (RBS), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS). In addition, strained super-lattice GaAs photocathode samples, removed from the CEBAF...

434

P-type doping of GaN  

SciTech Connect

After implantation of As, As + Be, and As + Ga into GaN and annealing for short durations at temperatures as high as 1500 C, the GaN films remained highly resistive. It was apparent from c-RBS studies that although implantation damage did not create an amorphous layer in the GaN film, annealing at 1500 C did not provide enough energy to completely recover the radiation damage. Disorder recovered significantly after annealing at temperatures up to 1500 C, but not completely. From SIMS analysis, oxygen contamination in the AIN capping layer causes oxygen diffusion into the GaN film above 1400 C. The sapphire substrate (A1203) also decomposed and oxygen penetrated into the backside of the GaN layer above 1400 C. To prevent donor-like oxygen impurities from the capping layer and the substrate from contaminating the GaN film and compensating acceptors, post-implantation annealing should be done at temperatures below 1500 C. Oxygen in the cap could be reduced by growing the AIN cap on the GaN layer after the GaN growth run or by depositing the AIN layer in a ultra high vacuum (UHV) system post-growth to minimize residual oxygen and water contamination. With longer annealing times at 1400 C or at higher temperatures with a higher quality AIN, the implantation drainage may fully recover.

Wong, R.K.

2000-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

435

Electronic properties of the AlGaN/GaN heterostructure and two-dimensional electron gas observed by electroreflectance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A contacted electroreflectance technique was used to investigate AlGaN/GaN heterostructures and their intrinsic electric field-induced properties. By studying variations in the electroreflectance with applied field spectral features associated with the AlGaN barrier the two-dimensional electron gas at the interface and bulk GaN were identified. Barrier-layer composition and electric field were determined from the AlGaN Franz–Keldysh oscillations. For a high mobilityheterostructure grown on SiC measured AlGaN polarizationelectric field and two-dimensional electron gas density approached values predicted by a standard bandstructure model. The two-dimensional electron gas produced a broad field-tunable first derivative electroreflectance feature. With a dielectric function calculation we describe the line shape and relative amplitude of the two-dimensional electron gas electroreflectance feature for a wide range of electron density and applied field values.

S. R. Kurtz; A. A. Allerman; D. D. Koleske; A. G. Baca; R. D. Briggs

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Spectral-kinetic properties of heterostructures with GaAsSb/InGaAs/GaAs-based quantum wells emitting in the range of 1.0-1.2 {mu}m  

SciTech Connect

The spectral-kinetic properties of heterostructures with GaAs/GaAsSb-based and GaAsSb/InGaAs/GaAs-based quantum wells, emitting in the range of 1.0-1.2 {mu}m are studied with picosecond and nanosecond temporal resolution. Intense photoluminescence in the GaAsSb/InGaAs/GaAs structure, as well as an increase in the photoluminescence wavelength by a factor of 2.5 and a shift of the location of the maximum of the peak ({approx}100 meV) to the longer-wavelength region were observed up to room temperature. It is established that as the molar fraction of Sb and the thickness of the InGaAs layer increase, the energy of the fundamental transition decreases by a factor of 140 meV compared with the GaAsSb/InGaAs/GaAs structure with a lower Sb content and a smaller thickness of the InGaAs layer. At 300 K, the emission wavelength of such a structure was 1.18 {mu}m. In addition, an increase in the thickness of the InGaAs layer led to an increase in the room-temperature photoluminescence intensity by a factor of 60, which is associated with a decrease in the energy of the fundamental state for electrons in the InGaAs layer and, consequently, to larger electron localization and smaller temperature quenching of photoluminescence.

Morozov, S. V., E-mail: more@ipm.sci.-nnov.ru; Kryzhkov, D. I.; Aleshkin, V. Ya. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation); Zvonkov, B. N.; Vikhrova, O. I. [Nizhni Novgorod State University, Physical-Technical Research Institute (Russian Federation)] [Nizhni Novgorod State University, Physical-Technical Research Institute (Russian Federation)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

437

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

68,747 68,747 34,577 0.39 0 0.00 34 1.16 14,941 0.29 0 0.00 11,506 0.36 61,058 0.31 I d a h o Idaho 60. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Idaho, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease Separation.......................... 0 0 0 0 0 Vented

438

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 540 0.01 0 0.00 2,132 0.07 2,672 0.01 H a w a i i Hawaii 59. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Hawaii, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease Separation.......................... 0 0 0 0 0 Vented and Flared

439

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

483,052 483,052 136,722 1.54 6,006 0.03 88 3.00 16,293 0.31 283,557 10.38 41,810 1.32 478,471 2.39 F l o r i d a Florida 57. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Florida, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 47 50 98 92 96 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 7,584 8,011 8,468 7,133 6,706 Total.............................................................. 7,584 8,011 8,468 7,133 6,706 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ...............

440

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

291,898 291,898 113,995 1.29 0 0.00 4 0.14 88,078 1.68 3,491 0.13 54,571 1.73 260,140 1.30 I o w a Iowa 63. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Iowa, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease Separation.......................... 0 0 0

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island ga natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Vehicle Fuel: Vehicle Fuel: Deliveries to Consumers: Electric Residential: Utilities: Commercial: Total: New England New England 36. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas New England, 1992-1996 Table 691,089 167,354 1.89 0 0.00 40 1.36 187,469 3.58 80,592 2.95 160,761 5.09 596,215 2.98 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................

442

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

29,693 29,693 0 0.00 0 0.00 6 0.20 17,290 0.33 0 0.00 16,347 0.52 33,644 0.17 District of Columbia District of Columbia 56. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas District of Columbia, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease Separation..........................

443

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

42,980 42,980 14,164 0.16 0 0.00 1 0.03 9,791 0.19 23,370 0.86 6,694 0.21 54,020 0.27 D e l a w a r e Delaware 55. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Delaware, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease Separation..........................

444

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

-49,536 -49,536 7,911 0.09 49,674 0.25 15 0.51 12,591 0.24 3 0.00 12,150 0.38 32,670 0.16 North Dakota North Dakota 82. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas North Dakota, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 496 525 507 463 462 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 104 101 104 99 108 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 12,461 18,892 19,592 16,914 16,810 From Oil Wells ........................................... 47,518 46,059 43,640 39,760 38,906 Total.............................................................. 59,979 64,951 63,232 56,674 55,716 Repressuring ................................................

445

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

21,547 21,547 4,916 0.06 0 0.00 0 0.00 7,012 0.13 3 0.00 7,099 0.22 19,031 0.10 N e w H a m p s h i r e New Hampshire 77. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas New Hampshire, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease Separation..........................

446

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

139,881 139,881 26,979 0.30 463 0.00 115 3.92 27,709 0.53 19,248 0.70 28,987 0.92 103,037 0.52 A r i z o n a Arizona 50. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Arizona, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... NA NA NA NA NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 6 6 6 7 7 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 721 508 711 470 417 From Oil Wells ........................................... 72 110 48 88 47 Total.............................................................. 794 618 759 558 464 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease

447

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Middle Middle Atlantic Middle Atlantic 37. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Middle Atlantic, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 1,857 1,981 2,042 1,679 1,928 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 36,906 36,857 26,180 37,159 38,000 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 161,372 152,717 140,444 128,677 152,494 From Oil Wells ........................................... 824 610 539 723 641 Total.............................................................. 162,196 153,327 140,982 129,400 153,134 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed

448

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

386,690 386,690 102,471 1.16 0 0.00 43 1.47 142,319 2.72 5,301 0.19 98,537 3.12 348,671 1.74 M i n n e s o t a Minnesota 71. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Minnesota, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease Separation..........................

449

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1,108,583 1,108,583 322,275 3.63 298 0.00 32 1.09 538,749 10.28 25,863 0.95 218,054 6.90 1,104,972 5.52 I l l i n o i s Illinois 61. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Illinois, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... NA NA NA NA NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 382 385 390 372 370 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 337 330 323 325 289 From Oil Wells ........................................... 10 10 10 10 9 Total.............................................................. 347 340 333 335 298 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ...............

450

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

286,485 286,485 71,533 0.81 25 0.00 31 1.06 137,225 2.62 5,223 0.19 72,802 2.31 286,814 1.43 M i s s o u r i Missouri 73. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Missouri, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... NA NA NA NA NA Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 5 8 12 15 24 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 27 14 8 16 25 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 27 14 8 16 25 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease Separation..........................

451

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

411,951 411,951 100,015 1.13 0 0.00 5 0.17 114,365 2.18 45,037 1.65 96,187 3.05 355,609 1.78 Massachusetts Massachusetts 69. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Massachusetts, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease Separation..........................

452

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

226,798 226,798 104,124 1.17 0 0.00 0 0.00 58,812 1.12 2,381 0.09 40,467 1.28 205,783 1.03 North Carolina North Carolina 81. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas North Carolina, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 0 0 0 0 0 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 0 0 0 0 0 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 Repressuring ................................................ 0 0 0 0 0 Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed ............... 0 0 0 0 0 Wet After Lease Separation..........................

453

Vacancy-Induced 2×2 Reconstruction of the Ga(111) Surface of GaAs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Vacancy formation on the GaAs(111) surface is calculated to be strongly exothermic in character. The creation of one vacancy in each 2×2 cell allows the remaining Ga surface atoms to have a large inward relaxation, resulting in a 2.3-eV reduction in energy. It also transforms the polar (111) surface into a nonpolar (110)-like surface. The calculations provide strong support for the vacancy model of Tong et al., which is determined from analysis of low-energy-electron-diffraction data.

D. J. Chadi

1984-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

454

GaAs single quantum dot embedded into AlGaAs nanowire  

SciTech Connect

We report on a study of the photoluminescence spectra taken from quasi one-dimensional and quasi zero-dimensional semiconductor heterostructures. The structures were grown by molecular-beam epitaxy in (111) direction and were cylindrical nanowires based on AlGaAs, of 20 - 50 nm in diameter and 0.5 - 1 ?m in length. Inside the nanowires contain one or two GaAs quantum dots, of 2 nm thick and 15 - 45 nm in diameter. We studied a single nanowire. The photoluminescence and photoluminescence excitation spectra were registered as a function of the intensity of optical excitation.

Kochereshko, V. P.; Kats, V. N. [A.F.Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, Politekhnicheskaya 26, 194021, St. Petersburg, Russia and Spin Optics Laboratory, Saint Petersburg State University, Ul'yanovskaya 1, Petrodvorets, St. Petersburg, 198904 (Russian Federation); Platonov, A. V. [A.F.Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, Politekhnicheskaya 26, 194021, St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Cirlin, G. E.; Bouravleuv, A. D.; Samsonenko, Yu. B. [A.F.Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, Politekhnicheskaya 26, 194021, St. Petersburg, Russia and St. Petersburg Academic University of the RAS Khlopina 8/3, 195220, St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Besombes, L.; Mariette, H. [CEA-CNRS group Nanophysique et Semiconducteurs, CEA, INAC, SP2M, and Institut Néel, 17 rue des Martyrs, F-38054 Grenoble (France)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

455

Observation of photo darkening in self assembled InGaAs/GaAs quantum dots  

SciTech Connect

Photo darkening was observed in epitaxial InGaAs/GaAs quantum dots (QDs). The photoluminescence (PL) intensity of the QDs showed a non-reversible decrease under continuous laser irradiation. The time constants varied from tens of minutes to several hours, depending on the applied laser power. Based on the spectral evolution, it was concluded that the observed phenomenon should originate from laser induced structural damage and a sustained increase of non-radiative recombination rate in the wetting layer. Additionally, according to the PL decay dynamics at different laser powers, it is argued that there should exist other processes that hinder PL degradation at a high laser power.

Zhang Hongyi; Chen Yonghai; Zhou Xiaolong; Jia Yanan; Ye Xiaoling; Xu Bo; Wang Zhanguo [Key Laboratory of Semiconductor Materials Science and Beijing Key Laboratory of Low Dimensional Semiconductor Materials and Devices, Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 912, Beijing 100083 (China)

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

456

Nitrogen-concentration control in GaNAs/AlGaAs quantum wells using nitrogen ?-doping technique  

SciTech Connect

GaNAs/Al{sub 0.35}Ga{sub 0.65}As multiple quantum wells (MQWs) with nitrogen ?-doping were fabricated on GaAs (100) substrates by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy. High controllability of nitrogen-concentrations in the MQWs was achieved by tuning nitrogen ?-doping time. The maximum nitrogen concentration in the MQWs was 2.8%. The MQWs exhibit intense, narrow photoluminescence emission.

Mano, Takaaki; Jo, Masafumi; Kuroda, Takashi; Noda, Takeshi; Sugimoto, Yoshimasa; Sakuma, Yoshiki [National Institute for Materials Science, 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047 (Japan); Elborg, Martin; Sakoda, Kazuaki [National Institute for Materials Science, 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047, Japan and Graduate School of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8577 (Japan)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

457

Energy Office Grant Helps the Virgin Islands Environmental Resource Station Install Solar Panels, Improve Efficiency, and Cut Monthly Energy Use Nearly 30% (Fact Sheet), Energy Development in Island Nations, U.S. Virgin Islands (EDIN)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office Grant Helps the Virgin Islands Environmental Office Grant Helps the Virgin Islands Environmental Resource Station Install Solar Panels, Improve Efficiency, and Cut Monthly Energy Use Nearly 30% Organization Virgin Islands Energy Office www.vienergy.org Industry/Sector Government/Nonprofit Deployment Location St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands This project is such a great learning tool, and I am excited about its progress and being able to show students visiting either VIERS or our website the impact of solar energy. -Randy Brown VIERS Administrator The Virgin Islands Environmental Resource Station developed a solar classroom to educate young people in the U.S. Virgin Islands about renewable energy technologies and their energy and environmental impacts. Photo from Don Buchanan, Virgin Islands Energy Office,

458

Theoretical studies of optical gain tuning by hydrostatic pressure in GaInNAs/GaAs quantum wells  

SciTech Connect

In order to describe theoretically the tuning of the optical gain by hydrostatic pressure in GaInNAs/GaAs quantum wells (QWs), the optical gain calculations within kp approach were developed and applied for N-containing and N-free QWs. The electronic band structure and the optical gain for GaInNAs/GaAs QW were calculated within the 10-band kp model which takes into account the interaction of electron levels in the QW with the nitrogen resonant level in GaInNAs. It has been shown that this interaction increases with the hydrostatic pressure and as a result the optical gain for GaInNAs/GaAs QW decreases by about 40% and 80% for transverse electric and transverse magnetic modes, respectively, for the hydrostatic pressure change from 0 to 40 kilobars. Such an effect is not observed for N-free QWs where the dispersion of electron and hole energies remains unchanged with the hydrostatic pressure. This is due to the fact that the conduction and valence band potentials in GaInAs/GaAs QW scale linearly with the hydrostatic pressure.

Gladysiewicz, M.; Wartak, M. S. [Institute of Physics, Wroclaw University of Technology, 50-370 Wroclaw, Wybrzeze Wyspianskiego 27 (Poland); Department of Physics and Computer Science, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3C5 (Canada); Kudrawiec, R. [Institute of Physics, Wroclaw University of Technology, 50-370 Wroclaw, Wybrzeze Wyspianskiego 27 (Poland)

2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

459

Partially filled intermediate band of Cr-doped GaN films  

SciTech Connect

We investigated the band structure of sputtered Cr-doped GaN (GaCrN) films using optical absorption, photoelectron yield spectroscopy, and charge transport measurements. It was found that an additional energy band is formed in the intrinsic band gap of GaN upon Cr doping, and that charge carriers in the material move in the inserted band. Prototype solar cells showed enhanced short circuit current and open circuit voltage in the n-GaN/GaCrN/p-GaN structure compared to the GaCrN/p-GaN structure, which validates the proposed concept of an intermediate-band solar cell.

Sonoda, S. [Department of Electronics, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Kyoto 606-8585 (Japan)

2012-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

460

U.S. Navy - San Clemente Island, California | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

San Clemente Island, California San Clemente Island, California U.S. Navy - San Clemente Island, California October 7, 2013 - 10:12am Addthis Photo of Wind Turbine on San Clemente Island, California San Clemente Island is one of the Channel Islands off the southern coast of California. The U.S. Navy owns the 21-mile long island, making it one of the Navy's largest real estate assets. The Navy uses the island for research, development, testing, evaluation, and training. Originally, the electrical needs of the island were provided by four diesel generators. In 1998 two wind turbines were installed through a joint project of the Department of Defense, the Department of Energy, and the Environmental Protection Agency working through the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP). A third turbine was installed in 1999, allowing

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island ga natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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461

,"Georgia Natural Gas Industrial Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly","9/2013" Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3035ga3m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3035ga3m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:24:08 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Georgia Natural Gas Industrial Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3035GA3" "Date","Georgia Natural Gas Industrial Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" 36906,10.05 36937,9.35

462

,"Georgia Natural Gas Industrial Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual",2012 Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n3035ga3a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n3035ga3a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/12/2013 5:24:07 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Georgia Natural Gas Industrial Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N3035GA3" "Date","Georgia Natural Gas Industrial Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" 35611,4.55 35976,3.92 36341,3.41

463

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

73,669 73,669 141,300 1.59 221,822 1.12 3 0.10 46,289 0.88 33,988 1.24 31,006 0.98 252,585 1.26 A r k a n s a s Arkansas 51. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Arkansas, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 1,750 1,552 1,607 1,563 1,470 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 3,500 3,500 3,500 3,988 4,020 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 171,543 166,273 161,967 161,390 182,895 From Oil Wells ........................................... 39,364 38,279 33,446 33,979 41,551 Total.............................................................. 210,906 204,552 195,413 195,369 224,446 Repressuring ................................................

464

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

-1,080,240 -1,080,240 201,024 2.27 1,734,887 8.78 133 4.54 76,629 1.46 136,436 4.99 46,152 1.46 460,373 2.30 O k l a h o m a Oklahoma 84. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Oklahoma, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 13,926 13,289 13,487 13,438 13,074 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 28,902 29,118 29,121 29,733 29,733 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 1,674,405 1,732,997 1,626,858 1,521,857 1,467,695 From Oil Wells ........................................... 342,950 316,945 308,006 289,877 267,192 Total.............................................................. 2,017,356 2,049,942 1,934,864

465

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7,038,115 7,038,115 3,528,911 39.78 13,646,477 69.09 183 6.24 408,861 7.80 1,461,718 53.49 281,452 8.91 5,681,125 28.40 West South Central West South Central 42. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas West South Central, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 87,198 84,777 88,034 88,734 62,357 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 92,212 95,288 94,233 102,525 102,864 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 11,599,913 11,749,649 11,959,444 11,824,788 12,116,665 From Oil Wells ........................................... 2,313,831 2,368,395 2,308,634 2,217,752 2,151,247 Total..............................................................

466

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

77,379 77,379 94,481 1.07 81,435 0.41 8 0.27 70,232 1.34 1,836 0.07 40,972 1.30 207,529 1.04 K e n t u c k y Kentucky 65. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Kentucky, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 1,084 1,003 969 1,044 983 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 12,483 12,836 13,036 13,311 13,501 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 79,690 86,966 73,081 74,754 81,435 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. 79,690 86,966 73,081 74,754 81,435 Repressuring ................................................

467

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

-67,648 -67,648 75,616 0.85 480,828 2.43 0 0.00 16,720 0.32 31,767 1.16 29,447 0.93 153,549 0.77 Pacific Noncontiguous Pacific Noncontiguous 45. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Pacific Noncontiguous, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 9,638 9,907 9,733 9,497 9,294 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 112 113 104 100 102 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 198,603 190,139 180,639 179,470 183,747 From Oil Wells ........................................... 2,427,110 2,588,202 2,905,261 3,190,433 3,189,837 Total.............................................................. 2,625,713 2,778,341

468

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

-310,913 -310,913 110,294 1.24 712,796 3.61 2 0.07 85,376 1.63 22,607 0.83 57,229 1.81 275,508 1.38 K a n s a s Kansas 64. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Kansas, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 9,681 9,348 9,156 8,571 7,694 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 18,400 19,472 19,365 22,020 21,388 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 580,572 605,578 628,900 636,582 629,755 From Oil Wells ........................................... 79,169 82,579 85,759 86,807 85,876 Total.............................................................. 659,741 688,157 714,659 723,389 715,631 Repressuring ................................................

469

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

819,046 819,046 347,043 3.91 245,740 1.24 40 1.36 399,522 7.62 32,559 1.19 201,390 6.38 980,555 4.90 M i c h i g a n Michigan 70. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Michigan, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 1,223 1,160 1,323 1,294 2,061 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 3,257 5,500 6,000 5,258 5,826 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 120,287 126,179 136,989 146,320 201,123 From Oil Wells ........................................... 80,192 84,119 91,332 97,547 50,281 Total.............................................................. 200,479 210,299 228,321 243,867 251,404 Repressuring ................................................

470

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

W W y o m i n g -775,410 50,253 0.57 666,036 3.37 14 0.48 13,534 0.26 87 0.00 9,721 0.31 73,609 0.37 Wyoming 98. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Wyoming, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 10,826 10,933 10,879 12,166 12,320 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 3,111 3,615 3,942 4,196 4,510 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 751,693 880,596 949,343 988,671 981,115 From Oil Wells ........................................... 285,125 142,006 121,519 111,442 109,434 Total.............................................................. 1,036,817 1,022,602 1,070,862 1,100,113 1,090,549 Repressuring

471

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

-67,648 -67,648 75,616 0.85 480,828 2.43 0 0.00 16,179 0.31 31,767 1.16 27,315 0.86 150,877 0.75 A l a s k a Alaska 49. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Alaska, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 9,638 9,907 9,733 9,497 9,294 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 112 113 104 100 102 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 198,603 190,139 180,639 179,470 183,747 From Oil Wells ........................................... 2,427,110 2,588,202 2,905,261 3,190,433 3,189,837 Total.............................................................. 2,625,713 2,778,341 3,085,900 3,369,904 3,373,584 Repressuring

472

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

628,189 628,189 449,511 5.07 765,699 3.88 100 3.41 528,662 10.09 39,700 1.45 347,721 11.01 1,365,694 6.83 West North Central West North Central 39. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas West North Central, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 10,177 9,873 9,663 9,034 8,156 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 18,569 19,687 19,623 22,277 21,669 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 594,551 626,728 651,594 655,917 648,822 From Oil Wells ........................................... 133,335 135,565 136,468 134,776 133,390 Total.............................................................. 727,886 762,293

473

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1,048,760 1,048,760 322,661 3.64 18,131 0.09 54 1.84 403,264 7.69 142,688 5.22 253,075 8.01 1,121,742 5.61 N e w Y o r k New York 80. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas New York, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 329 264 242 197 232 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 5,906 5,757 5,884 6,134 6,208 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 22,697 20,587 19,937 17,677 17,494 From Oil Wells ........................................... 824 610 539 723 641 Total.............................................................. 23,521 21,197 20,476 18,400 18,134 Repressuring ................................................

474

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1,554,530 1,554,530 311,229 3.51 3,094,431 15.67 442 15.08 299,923 5.72 105,479 3.86 210,381 6.66 927,454 4.64 Mountain Mountain 43. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Mountain, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 38,711 38,987 37,366 39,275 38,944 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 30,965 34,975 38,539 38,775 41,236 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 2,352,729 2,723,393 3,046,159 3,131,205 3,166,689 From Oil Wells ........................................... 677,771 535,884 472,397 503,986 505,903 Total.............................................................. 3,030,499 3,259,277 3,518,556

475

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1,592,465 1,592,465 716,648 8.08 239,415 1.21 182 6.21 457,792 8.73 334,123 12.23 320,153 10.14 1,828,898 9.14 South Atlantic South Atlantic 40. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas South Atlantic, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 3,307 3,811 4,496 4,427 4,729 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 39,412 35,149 41,307 37,822 36,827 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 206,766 208,892 234,058 236,072 233,409 From Oil Wells ........................................... 7,584 8,011 8,468 7,133 6,706 Total.............................................................. 214,349 216,903 242,526 243,204 240,115

476

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1,999,161 1,999,161 895,529 10.10 287,933 1.46 1,402 47.82 569,235 10.86 338,640 12.39 308,804 9.78 2,113,610 10.57 Pacific Contiguous Pacific Contiguous 44. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas Pacific Contiguous, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 3,896 3,781 3,572 3,508 2,082 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 1,142 1,110 1,280 1,014 996 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... 156,635 124,207 117,725 96,329 88,173 From Oil Wells ........................................... 294,800 285,162 282,227 289,430 313,581 Total.............................................................. 451,435 409,370

477

Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

-122,394 -122,394 49,997 0.56 178,984 0.91 5 0.17 37,390 0.71 205 0.01 28,025 0.89 115,622 0.58 West Virginia West Virginia 96. Summary Statistics for Natural Gas West Virginia, 1992-1996 Table 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Reserves (billion cubic feet) Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) as of December 31 ....................................... 2,356 2,439 2,565 2,499 2,703 Number of Gas and Gas Condensate Wells Producing at End of Year.............................. 38,250 33,716 39,830 36,144 35,148 Production (million cubic feet) Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells ......................................... E 182,000 171,024 183,773 186,231 178,984 From Oil Wells ........................................... 0 0 0 0 0 Total.............................................................. E 182,000 171,024 183,773 186,231 178,984 Repressuring ................................................

478

NATURAL GAS MARKET ASSESSMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION NATURAL GAS MARKET ASSESSMENT PRELIMINARY RESULTS In Support.................................................................................... 6 Chapter 2: Natural Gas Demand.................................................................................................. 10 Chapter 3: Natural Gas Supply

479

,"Missouri Natural Gas Summary"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gas Wells (MMcf)","Missouri Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Oil Wells (MMcf)","Missouri Natural Gas Gross Withdrawals from Shale Gas (Million Cubic Feet)","Missouri Natural...

480

San Clemente Island Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

San Clemente Island Wind Farm San Clemente Island Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name San Clemente Island Wind Farm Facility San Clemente Island Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service Owner U.S. Navy Developer Pacific Industrial Electric Energy Purchaser U.S. Navy Location San Clemente Island CA Coordinates 32.986095°, -118.552138° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.986095,"lon":-118.552138,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "island ga natural" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Advanced islanding detection utilized in distribution systems with DFIG  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The penetration of distributed generation (DG) in electrical power systems is rapidly increasing these days and more attention is drawn to maintain a healthy distribution system. Islanding operation of \\{DGs\\} is one of the biggest challenges to the distribution system stability. Fast and accurate islanding detection can avoid the possibility of damages to the \\{DGs\\} when they are un-intentionally reconnected to the grid and also provide useful information to the protection and automation design of the stand alone operated system. Rate of change of frequency (ROCOF) method is one of the most commonly employed anti-islanding protection techniques, it offers fast detection and easy implementation. However, it is often easily affected by the system disturbance and might not able to detect the islanding situation if the power imbalance between the DG and the load is small. This paper investigates an inter-lock method which can improve the performance of rate of change of frequency (ROCOF) by applying system impedance estimation. It was found that this new method can help in verifying the ROCOF relay islanding detection and avoiding false operations of ROCOF in a grid connected distribution system which has large load variations. The proposed method was verified using the experimental testing results derived from both an experimental testing model which includes an 8 kW Double Feed Induction Generator (DFIG) and a 9 MW DFIG simulation system.

Ke Jia; Tianshu Bi; Bohan Liu; David Thomas; Andrew Goodman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Localized corrosion of GaAs surfaces and formation of porous GaAs  

SciTech Connect

The present work deals with pitting corrosion of p- and n-type GaAs (100). Pit growth can be electrochemically initiated on both conduction types in chloride-containing solutions and leads after extended periods of time to the formation of a porous GaAs structure. In the case of p-type material, localized corrosion is only observed if a passivating film is present on the surface, otherwise -- e.g. in acidic solutions -- the material suffers from a uniform attack (electropolishing) which is independent of the anion present. In contrast, pitting corrosion of n-type material can be triggered independent of the presence of an oxide film. This is explained in terms of the different current limiting factor for the differently doped materials (oxide film in the case of the p- and a space charge layer in the case of the n-GaAs). The porous structure was characterized by SEM, EDX and AES, and consists mainly of GaAs. From scratch experiments it is clear that the pit initiation process is strongly influenced by surface defects. For n-type material, AFM investigations show that light induced roughening of the order of several hundred nm occurs under non-passivating conditions. This nm- scale roughening however does not affect the pitting process.

Schmuki, P.; Vitus, C.M.; Isaacs, H.S. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Fraser, J.; Graham, M.J. [National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, ON (Canada). Inst. for Microstructural Sciences

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

GaAs/AlGaAs nanostructured composites for free-space and integrated optical devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

after development with MIBK:IPA=1:2 for 2min. Different fillon GaAs developed with MIBK:IPA=1:2 for (a) 1 min; (b) 2d) shows a nonoptimized developer, MIBK:IPA=2:1, used for 3

Tsai, Chia-Ho

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Reliability of AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistors on low dislocation density bulk GaN substrate: Implications of surface step edges  

SciTech Connect

To enable gaining insight into degradation mechanisms of AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistors, devices grown on a low-dislocation-density bulk-GaN substrate were studied. Gate leakage current and electroluminescence (EL) monitoring revealed a progressive appearance of EL spots during off-state stress which signify the generation of gate current leakage paths. Atomic force microscopy evidenced the formation of semiconductor surface pits at the failure location, which corresponds to the interaction region of the gate contact edge and the edges of surface steps.

Killat, N., E-mail: Nicole.Killat@bristol.ac.uk, E-mail: Martin.Kuball@bristol.ac.uk; Montes Bajo, M.; Kuball, M., E-mail: Nicole.Killat@bristol.ac.uk, E-mail: Martin.Kuball@bristol.ac.uk [Center for Device Thermography and Reliability (CDTR), H.H. Wills Physics Laboratory, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TL (United Kingdom); Paskova, T. [Kyma Technologies, Inc., Raleigh, North Carolina 27617 (United States) [Kyma Technologies, Inc., Raleigh, North Carolina 27617 (United States); Materials Science and Engineering Department, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695 (United States); Evans, K. R. [Kyma Technologies, Inc., Raleigh, North Carolina 27617 (United States)] [Kyma Technologies, Inc., Raleigh, North Carolina 27617 (United States); Leach, J. [Kyma Technologies, Inc., Raleigh, North Carolina 27617 (United States) [Kyma Technologies, Inc., Raleigh, North Carolina 27617 (United States); Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23284 (United States); Li, X.; Özgür, Ü.; Morkoç, H. [Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23284 (United States)] [Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23284 (United States); Chabak, K. D.; Crespo, A.; Gillespie, J. K.; Fitch, R.; Kossler, M.; Walker, D. E.; Trejo, M.; Via, G. D.; Blevins, J. D. [Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, Ohio 45433 (United States)] [Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, Ohio 45433 (United States)

2013-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

485

Impacts of Standard 90.1-2007 for Commercial Buildings at State Level - Rhode Island  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rhode Island Rhode Island September 2009 Prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy Building Energy Codes Program BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF STANDARD 90.1-2007 FOR COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS IN RHODE ISLAND BUILDING ENERGY CODES PROGRAM IMPACTS OF STANDARD 90.1-2007 FOR COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS IN RHODE ISLAND Rhode Island Summary Standard 90.1-2007 contains improvements in energy efficiency over the current state code, the 2006 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) with amendments. Standard 90.1-2007 would improve energy efficiency in commercial buildings in Rhode Island. The analysis of the impact of Standard 90.1-2007 resulted

486

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Regional Definitions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Definitions Map Definitions Map About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Regional Definitions The regions defined in the above map are based upon the 10 Federal Regions of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. The State groupings are as follows: Northeast Region - Federal Region 1: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. Federal Region 2: New Jersey, and New York. Federal Region 3:Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia. Southeast Region - Federal Region 4: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee. Midwest Region - Federal Region 5: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and

487

The development of integrated chemical microsensors in GaAs  

SciTech Connect

Monolithic, integrated acoustic wave chemical microsensors are being developed on gallium arsenide (GaAs) substrates. With this approach, arrays of microsensors and the high frequency electronic components needed to operate them reside on a single substrate, increasing the range of detectable analytes, reducing overall system size, minimizing systematic errors, and simplifying assembly and packaging. GaAs is employed because it is both piezoelectric, a property required to produce the acoustic wave devices, and a semiconductor with a mature microelectronics fabrication technology. Many aspects of integrated GaAs chemical sensors have been investigated, including: surface acoustic wave (SAW) sensors; monolithic SAW delay line oscillators; GaAs application specific integrated circuits (ASIC) for sensor operation; a hybrid sensor array utilizing these ASICS; and the fully monolithic, integrated SAW array. Details of the design, fabrication, and performance of these devices are discussed. In addition, the ability to produce heteroepitaxial layers of GaAs and aluminum gallium arsenide (AlGaAs) makes possible micromachined membrane sensors with improved sensitivity compared to conventional SAW sensors. Micromachining techniques for fabricating flexural plate wave (FPW) and thickness shear mode (TSM) microsensors on thin GaAs membranes are presented and GaAs FPW delay line and TSM resonator performance is described.

CASALNUOVO,STEPHEN A.; ASON,GREGORY CHARLES; HELLER,EDWIN J.; HIETALA,VINCENT M.; BACA,ALBERT G.; HIETALA,S.L.

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

CoNiGa High Temperature Shape Memory Alloys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

commercially successful SMAs such as NiTi and Cu-based alloys. In recent years, the CoNiGa system has emerged as a new ferromagnetic shape memory alloy with some compositions exhibiting high martensitic transformation temperatures which makes CoNiGa a potential...

Dogan, Ebubekir

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

489

The Essentials for GA Water Planning The Relationship  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water Plan and the Alabama-Florida-Georgia Water Sharing Dispute (The failure to agree on the two Management F. Conservation & Reuse a. Programs for Water Use Efficiency b. Consumptive Use & Return Flows GThe Essentials for GA Water Planning The Relationship Between the Proposed GA State Comprehensive

Rosemond, Amy Daum

490

Percent of Industrial Natural Gas Deliveries in Rhode Island Represented by  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2001 41.4 29.5 26.1 37.6 29.0 29.3 26.0 26.2 22.4 26.8 29.3 13.6 2002 27.3 27.3 27.3 27.3 27.3 27.3 27.3 27.3 27.3 27.3 27.3 27.3 2003 15.7 18.9 21.5 19.6 26.7 11.7 16.8 18.8 18.6 22.1 18.5 22.3 2004 13.9 16.7 14.5 16.8 21.1 11.7 16.7 15.3 16.0 19.4 10.5 23.0 2005 17.8 14.7 15.9 11.0 16.3 16.5 12.9 13.8 16.3 13.2 16.5 19.7 2006 18.6 18.7 16.4 15.0 12.5 13.3 8.8 10.5 11.4 12.8 10.5 15.7 2007 13.0 19.0 15.1 12.7 10.1 14.3 8.0 6.3 17.1 8.3 9.0 10.9 2008 19.9 14.2 16.6 7.2 8.2 9.5 10.7 7.0 13.2 8.2 15.2 23.1 2009 12.2 14.7 8.0 12.3 9.5 7.8 6.7 9.5 10.8 3.5 8.6 7.0 2010 7.3 6.2 5.2 3.8 3.8 6.3 5.5 4.2 5.7 9.3 7.7 10.4